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No 62^1, 

Baker to offer 
teachers 16 % 

over two years 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Mr Kenneth B^er, Sec- Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
reiagr or State for Education ceDor of the Exchequer, has 
mo science, is today expected bowed to the political imper- 

to offer teachers an average 16 alive of avoiding classroom 
per cent pay rise spread over disruption in the run-up to an 
two years on condition that electton. 

they accept a legally binding All now hinges on the 
flennition of their duties and a Nottingham meeting. If this 
new salary structure incor- foils to accept Mr Baker's 
poraung merit payments. proposals, he is almost certain 
The new package, which to foil back on draft legislation 
breaks with the outline Cov- imposing the new contracts on 
entry agreement between the teachers, 
unions and the local authority But, aware of the dangeis of 

employers in its emphasis on hardening attitudes amom; the 
wider differentials, was agreed unions, Mr Baker, in his 
yesterday at a Cabinet 

, I h, m ^'5 e .? e ftlgg cllain:dby Baker attack 2 

for from the Treasury’s 
contingency reserve, with lo- 
cal authorities also picking up 
pert of the bin, is likely to be 
paid in instalments, with 8 per 
cent from January and an- 
other 8 per cent a year later. 

Mr Baker’s proposals are 
dosdy modelled on those of 
the Main Committee covering 
Scottish teachers, which re- 
commended rises of 16.4 per 
cent over 18 months. Mr 
Rifitind lost his battle to 
preserve the phasing of thi$ 

the Prime Minister. 

After a meeting of the full 
Cabinet this morning, Mr 
fcfoer is likely to present it to 
MPs today and to commend 
it to the two sides in the 
in tractable dispute as a basis 
for a settlement when they 
meet in Nottingham on the 
weekend after next- 

Mr Malcolm Rifitind, Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, is 
also expected to announce a 
similar settlement for teachers 
north of the border. 

Yesterday. c the two min- 
isters, backed by Mis Mar- 
garet Thatcher, succeeded in 
overturning Treasuiy opposi- 
tion to a deal that will add 

Baker attack 2 a ,J aI ? y 

Caretaker dispnte 2 

* "7" senior colleagues able to look 

statement to the House today, forward to earnings of up to 
will make only passing re£ £17,500, depending on age, 
erence to the real but veiled experience andability. Tte 
threat of newlaws m the next ceding for beads of the^ biggest 
session of Parliament schools would be £28,500/ 

However, whether by voF ■ 
untary agreement or cw n pri* The same kind of figures are 

sion, ministers are HrtPT-mfTvH likely to apply to the 400,000 

ceding for beads of the biggest 
schools would be £28,500. 

The same kind of figures are 
likely to apply to the 400,000 

to have a- contract that sped- teachers in E ng land and Wales 
fies teacher^ duties inside and under the Baker package. 

New security 
measures for 
Cyprus base 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

Three new security mea- 
sures for the secret commu- 
nications base in Cyprus were 
being urgently examined yes- 
terday by the Ministry of 

• That any personal 
information compiled by a 
Unit Security Officer indicat- 
ing that an individual may be 
a "risk’*, but without any 
proof, should be passed on 

This follows the Prime Min- when that individual is posted 
ister giving her full backing to to another location. 

about £3 billion to the pav b3T *«* ^ weight in 

for Britain’s 50(M)00. teachers supervising after-school activ- 
in the next four years. ities such as school teams, 

■ — clubs and societies. 

■f It was the refusal to carry 

I nmorrow out these so-called voluntary 
■ viiiwhvvv riuties that caused moch of the 
1 mayhem in the 15-mootb bout 

House and 

outside the classroom. The Coventry deal, now 

It will rftmmir them to repudiated by the Secretary of 
stand in for a b sen t rafiwigng^ State, set out a ceiling of 
attend parent and staff meet- £14,500 for most teac h ers with 
tugs, accept afyessmeiit of job a smaller gap between them 
performance, lesson prepara- and the high flyers, 
lion and markin g homework. Important que s ti ons still 
and pull their weight in remain over the future of the 
supervising after-school activ- discredited Burnham nego- 
ities such as school teams, dating machinery, and who 
clubs and societies. should exercise management 

It was the refusal to carry responsibility for school staff 

1 out these so-called voluntary Governors, given greater pow- 
~duties that caused much of the ers under the new Education 

mayhem in the 15-mootb bout 
of disruption that came to an 



Libby Purves on 
why an 
castle is not his 
home without an 
English dog 

Law finals 

Full results of the 
1986 Law Society 
summer final 

uncertain and temporary halt a greater role in hiring and 

in itu iw i m , f - «p l « . _ - - 

in the spring. 

The nse, expected to be paid 

sSSr. Prince launches new youth scheme 

ate. set out a ceiling of The Prince of Wales playing football badly needed resources. The Prince's 

■'* at the Manchester Business School Youth Business Trust will offer 
yesterday where he announced the seed corn finanff. 
launch of a new youth enterprise Criticism denied, page 3 

scheme to provide the country with Prince's idea, page 24 

Argentina accused 

Falklands fishing 
zone set by Howe 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

ibe recommendations of the 
Security Commission after a 
major investigation. 

The inquiry into allegations 
of serious security breaches 
within 9 Signal Regiment, 
based just outside Ayios 
Nikolaos in Cyprus, was or- 
dered by Mrs Thatcher follow- 
ing the charging of eight 
servicemen two years ago 
under the Official Secrets Act. 

The five RAF men and two 
soldiers of 9 Signal Regiment, 
were eventually acquitted on 
all the charges which involved 
the aUeged passing of secrets 
to the Russian agents. The 
trial at the Central Criminal 
Court lasted for 107 days in 
closed session last October. 

The Security Commission, 
which admitted in its report 
published yesterday that the 
acquittals had placed them in 
a difficult situation, continued 
with the inquiry because a 
team ted by the Security 
Service M15 had already 

Yesterday in a written state- 
ment. Mrs Thatcher said that 
the Security Commission frit 
that once these recommenda- 
tions and those proposed by 
the earlier MIS investigation 
team were fully implemented, 
everything ’ “humanly 
possible” would have been 
done to minimise the danger 
of further breaches of security. 

Last night, however, the 
Ministry’ of Defence said that 
the recommendations would 
in some cases be difficult to 
fully implement. 

A ministry spokesman 
pointed out that the Sccurity 
Commission itself had 
acknowledged that it would 
not be possible for 9 Signal 
Regiment to carry out its role 
without employing a consid- 
erable number of servicemen 
under the age of 2 1 . The work 
was difficult and required a 
high degree of concentration 
and skill. 

The Ministry of Defence 

identified possible matters of also said that in the past when 
concern in Cyprus and had random checks had been in- 

BIH that becomes law next 
year, may eventually be given 

firing staff and determining 
sal aries- 

Labour’s divided 
left loses in poll 

By Philip Wehstet, Chief PoBtfadCwreapanfarf 

The influence of the Labour serious drops in support, with 
left was weakened further Mr Meacher, health and social 
yesterday as two prominent security spokesman, felting to 

parliamentary figures, includ- fifteenth place. Mr Tony Benn The Government bad been 

ing Mr Robin Coolc, Mr Neil secured only 50 votes. “tiiwarted at every turn by one 

Kin nock’s chief campaign Mr Meacher lost out be- o™ members”, he said 
strategist, were voted out of cause of differences with Mr during the Commons debate 
the party’s Shadow Cabinet- Roy Hattorstey, Labour's 00 Defence Select 
The two main left groups, shadow chancellor, over the Committee » report on 
Tribune and Campaign, were costing of programmes. Mr Westland. 

for Tories 

By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 

Mr Leon Britzan, the former 
. J * * J _ _1 Trade Secretary who resigned 

h ill VI II r*ll from the Government over 
" *** " his part in the Westland affair, 

. • - yesterday admitted that the 

2 If! ■ T|A I.I breakdown of Cabinet coDeo- 

9.- JMUL l/Ull . live responsibility had been -a 

1__ *• ' ’ “disaster” for the Govem- 

PoImcalCorTespande&t iuent and strongly attacked las 

serious drops in support, with former colleague, Mr Michael 
Mr Meacher, health and social Hesefti ne. the then Defence 
security spokesman, foiling to Saretary. • 

made their own “wide 
ranging” recommendations. 

In hs report yesterday, the 
Security Commission, beaded 
by Lord Griffiths, made three 
new recommendations; 

• That there should be 

troduced at sensitive posts, it 
bad involved a considerable 
increase in staff and was very 

The ministry added there 
could be problems with the 
recommendation to pass on 

random security checks of personal details about individ- 
baggage and clothing, includ- ual servicemen when they 

ing the pockets of personnel 
coming out of the base and 
occasional body “frisking”. 

• That, so for is possible, 
postings of very young 
servicemen and women to 
Cyprus or to other sensitive 
locations should be avoided. 

were posted. 

The Security Commission 
repon revealed that a special 
unit, called the Immediate 
Security Action Team (1SAT). 
had been set up since the 
Cyprus spy allegations, to 
Continued on page 22, col 5 

The Government bad been 
“thwarted at every torn by one 

• The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
shared yesterday by 
five readers — 
details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
27; how to play, 
information service, 
page 22. 

On This Day 

In 1929. “Black Tuesday” was 
the worst day of a bad week on 
the New York Stock 
Exchange Page 19 

The two main left groups, shadow chancellor, ovi 
Tribune and Campaign, were costing of- programme 
angrily blaming each other „ 

after elections which saw the Shadow Cabinet list 
centre-right consolidate its ^ „ 

hold but left Mr Kinnock £ook also suffered fro 
satisfied with his authority get that he is not popui 
entrenched. because he us often away from | _ Uadmg 

i-ftv «««»■ .win. the Commons and has & 

IF" s opportunity to sbfoe c 

resulted from the failure of the 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, 
date because of the ^mp^gn spokesmanT ft 

should have votes recorded. Smith, chief trade an 

Out went Mr Cook, a severe dustrv sookesman. rose 

In a renewed assault on the 
Master’s conduct dur- 
ing the affair, the Opposition 
Cook akn suffered from the once more demanded Mrs 
feet that he is not popular and Thatcher's resignation. 


the Commons and has had no DenzU Davies, Labour's de- 
opportunity to shine on the fence spokes man , said that the 


leaking of the tetter from the 

Out went Mr uook, a severe dustry spokesman, rose from 
reverse afto- his fifth pfoce last seventh to second place, a 
year and Mr Robert Hughes, reward for- his skilled' perfbr- 

the transport spokesman. In 
came Dr David Clark, increas- 
ing the representation of the 
centre-right among the 15 
elected places from nine to 10, 
and Mr Bryan Gould, of the 
soft left, who won votes from 
all wings because of bis widely 

respected ability as spokes- does not intend a substantial 
man on trade and industry reshuffle, it is thought that he 
Mr John Prescott and Mr win want to give Mr Gould an 
Michael Meacher suffered important portfolio. 

Mr Gerald Kanfinan, home Solicitor General criticising 
affairs spokesman, finished Mr Heseltine, had been an 
top of the poll again. Mr John unconstitutional act. By 
Smith, chief trade and in- expressing her desire that the 
dustry spokesman, rose from contents ofthe tetter should be 
seventh to second place, a put into the public domain, 
reward for- his skilled' perfbr- Mrs Thatcher had been 
mances during the Westland responsible for willing the 
and Leyland affairs. Another means adopted by her civil 
surmise was the rise from servants. 

l ” * '** To Labour cheers, he said 

that if the tivfl servants who 
leaked the letter had not been 
acting on her orders then they 
should be punished. If they 
were, then she should be 

Partiameirt, page 4 
Frank Johnson, page 22 

mances during the Westland 
and Leyland affairs. Another 
surprise was the rise from 
thirteenth to third place of Mr 
Denzil Davies, defence 

Mr Gould is seen as a rising 
star. Although Mr Kinnock 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the But Sr Geoffrey claimed 
Foreign Secretary, last night that the move had been made 
accused Argentina of aggres- necessary by Ar gentinian in- 
si on and obstruction, and transigence m the face of 
announced the unilateral im- heavy overfishing. Foreign 
position of a strict 150-mile boats fishing mainly for squid 
SshE&g, -zane Or jusd' the -' in Falklands waters lad jn- 
FaBdands. . creased from 250 in 1984 to 

In a move that wifl clearly 600 Ibis year, 
worsen Anglo-Argentine rela- He said that Britain had 
tious, be told ibe Commons hoped for a voluntary agree- 
that while the Conservation ■ ■ ■ > ■ ■ 

and Management Zone was Parliament 4 i 

designed to .stop serious ■!■■■—■ — ■ 

overfishing by a n amber of ment and had initiated a study 
countries, n bad been caused by the United Nations Food 
mainly by Argentina. and Agriculture Organisation 

The zone wifl be policed by in March, 1985. 
two fisheries protection ves- But that study bad been 
sels and a surveillance aircraft, delayed by uncO-operative 
but Sir Geoffrey stressed that fishing nations, while Argen- 
“the resources of the garrison tina had embarked on an 
remain available to deter Ar- entirely different course, 
gen tine aggression and main- It had patrolled aggressively 
tain the integrity of the within 200 miles ofthe Falk- 
protection zone” . lands, used force and on one 

The extent of the zone has occasion sunk a vessel, and 
been xarefally set so that it signed fishing agreements 
does not intrude into waters with the Soviet Union and 
that Argentina can claim foil Bulgaria for waters extending 
within its 200-mile limit. Bat into the 200-mile Falklands 
Sir Geoffrey also emphasised entitlement 
the entitlement of the Falk- “Through these agreements 
lands, under international Argentina purports to exercise 
law, to its own 200-mile limit jurisdiction that is as a matter 
Mr Denis Healey, the of law the entitlement of the 
shadow foreign secretary, Falklands Islands,” he said, 
claimed Sir Geoffrey’s state- • BUENOS AIRES: The Ar- 
ment bad embedded the Gov- gen tine Government rejected 
era ment “still deeper -in the the British decision and said il 
quagmire of the Falklands “aggravated Argentine sover- 
commrtment” eignty" (Eduardo Cue writes). 

US report urges huge 

Hurd calls urgent 
Bamber inquiry 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, yesterday or- 
dered an urgent report from 
the Chief Constable of Essex 
on the Jeremy Bamber murder 
investigation amid growing 
concern over police handling 
ofthe case. 

As MPs called for an in- 
dependent inquiry Mr Hurd 
said that after receiving the 
report he will consult Sir 

Majesty's Chief Inspector of 
Constabulary, on what action 
he should take. 

It was Sir Lawrence who 
conducted toe official inquiry 
into the police handling of the 
“Yorkshire Ripper” case in 

The Home Secretary is ex- 
pected to make a statement to 
Parliament after discusring 

By Michael Horsneli 

Hurd, the the case with Sir Lawrence, 
cstenday or- Mr Robert Bunyard. Chief 
rport from Constable of Essex police 
lie of Essex since 1978. welcomed Mr 
iber murder Hurd’s call for a report, which 
id growing is expected within days, but 
ce handling praised his investigating offi- 
cers and blamed the press for 
for an in- creating “false impressions” 
f Mr Hurd over the police h andling of the 
serving the inquiry. 

UiSP 111 iS _ Bamber, aged 25, received 

S?sK?inn for murdering his adoptive 
vhat action parents< Jun | ^ j&a, 

_~_™ _. h _ Bamber, both aged 61, his 
step-sister Sheila CaffelL aged 
rfihw nfffi ~ 7, 80(1 Uor twin sons Nicholas 
to and Daniel aged six, at While 
r rase in House Farm, the family home 
in Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Essex in 
SSn«,,T« August last year, so he could 

Con turned oa page 22, col 2 




Trust retreats 

Hanson Trust has climbed 
down over its plans to ’split the 
Courage pension funds and to 
'take control of an estimated 
£80 million pension surplus 
Page 23 

Goodyear buys 

Goodyear Tyre & Rubber ' They suspect the grenade 
refused to comment on re- was taken on to the aircraft by 
ports that a takeover bid by Sir a Japanese gangster, probably 
James Goldsmith was im- during its stop in Manila on 

Hand grenade caused Thai jet blast 

United Cullers offer more timeless design^* 
m stainless steel, hallmarked silver and siher 
plated cutlery thanytniE find ebezchere ax such 

From David Watts 

A hand grenade smuggled 
on board caused the explosion 
on the Thai International 
Airbus A300 which made an 
emergency landing at Osaka 
last weekend, police said 

They suspect the grenade 
was taken on to the aircraft by 



Garner accuses 

Joel Gamer, the Somerset 
cricketer, severely criticized 
the county’s captain, Peter 
Roebuck, and the dub, alleg- 
ing mismanagement and bad 
captaincy Page 46 

Inside look 

In a further extract from his 
new book, the former Minister 
for Sport, Mr Neil Macfoxlane, 
reveals the intrigue behind the 
Gleneagles Declaration on 
sporting links with South- 
Africa Page 41 


Home News 2-5 I Lsw Report 41 

the flight from Bangkok. 

Offi ciate of the manufac- 
turers, -Airbus Industrie, were 
at Osaka airport yesterday 

when police examined more 
than 40 tiny holes and 
scratches in the aircraft's skin, 
which are believed to have 
been caused by the explosion 
of an American-made M26A2 
grenade or something similar. 

Metal fragments and pow- 
der which the police picked up 
from toe aircraft’s fuselage are 
incompatible with metal used 
in the airliner. 

A man who was found 

head-first in the hole made in 
the floor of the aircraft's toilet 

The Philippines is a fav- 
ourite source of weapons and 
explosives for Japanese gang- 
sters. Since January this year 
Osaka police have uncovered 
52 cases of smuggling guns 
and hemp through Osaka 

The injured man was drunk 
when taken off the aircraft and 
the suspicion is that whoever 

campaign against Aids 

From Mohsin Ali, Washington 

The American, government (£137 billion) annually fay the aulery is crafted and polished by hand (to 

injured in. the toilet after the ranced the expl os ion may 
explosion is being questioned have gone to the toilet to hide 

by Osaka police. He was 
rescued after being caught. 

the grenade on his person 
before arrival in Osaka. 

should start a bfllion-doliar 
research and information 
campaign on Aids to prevents 
national catastrophe, acc- 
ording to a major study re- 
leased here yesterday. 

The 375-page report, by a 
panel of American experts, 
was sponsored by the National 
Academy of Sciences (NAS) 
and the Institute of Medicine. 
It is said to be toe most 
comprehensive study of the 
Aids crisis to date. 

The report says a co- 
ordinated programme against 
Aids would cost $2 billion 

end of the decade. 

It says that Aids threatened 
to kill 50,000 Americans a 
year by 1991 and would affect 
an increasing number of 
heterosexuals and children. 

“Sex education in the 
schools is no longer only 
advice about reproductive 
choice.” the panel said, “but 
' has now become advice about 
a life or death matter." 

Aids required “perhaps the 
most wide-ranging and inten- 
sive efforts ever made against 
an infectious disease”. 

Leading article, page 19 

Green Shield millionaire brings back stamps 

Oicnos 7-12 

Appb 26 

Arts 13 

Births, torts, 
marriages 21 

Books 15 

■12 Leaders 
26 Lcttm 
13 Night Sky 
21 Fn&nat 
15 Sale Roam 

COBfl 20 

Crosswords 1632 
Dorr 18 

Features 16-18 

23-28 | Science 

20 Sport 41-44/16 
I6J2 Theatres, etc 12 
18 TV & Radio 45 
[6-18 Weather 22 

By Deck Hams 
Industrial Editor ’ * 


Green Shield stamps, a high .. 
street phenomenon for 25 3; 
years through the Sixties and ^ 

Seventies, are on toe way *.• 
bade, on offer from the man 4 ; 
who originated them. 3- 

Mr Richard Tompkins, now >. 
aged 68 and a multi-aril- 
Honaire. is putting not far " Jf 
toon of £10 million from his V 
private resources into a Feb- v: 
niaiy re-launch to support his Green Shield stomps and M 
belief that toe lime has come 

around again for toe trading ofwhich the fast issues were in 
stamp. 1983. 

“A return io low annual He addech “People quite 
inflation has changed the cli- ' supply got fed up with the 
mate completely.")*: said, and 

Green Shield stamps and Mr Tompkins, their originator. 

ofwhich toe last issues were in Stamp Company has printed a 
1983. redesigned stamp, gold as well 

He added: “People quite .as green, and is looking to 
simply got fed up with toe petrol outlets and grocers as its 

45 blamed toe years of high 
22 1 inflation, especially in toe 
latter, half of toe Seventies, for 
toe demise of toe green stamp. 

became a bore. Inflation killed 
Cock Robin and nearly me 

Hie Green Shield Trading 

main targets. 

'■ It proposes 25 redemption 
centres where filled books, 
worth £6 compared with the 
old 75p. can be exchanged, an 


option being a mail order 
service. Shoppers will get one 
stamp for every 2Sp spent, but 
toe amounts will vary at petrol 

But with nobody yet signed 
up to hand out stamps the first 
reactions to their re-emer- 
gence was at best restrained. 

Shell UK said: “We do not 
dismiss anything out of hand 
but we are very satisfied with 
our own promotions.” 

It added: “The trouble is 
that toe stamps business last 
rime got completely out of 

Tesco Stores, which de- 
serted Green Shield stamps in 
1977 for price cuts in its 
Operation Checkout cam- 
paign, said: “We have no 
plans to re-introduce stamps.” 

The end of toe long-held 
^tamp-coBecting habit co- 

incided with a bout of serious 
ill-healto for Mr Tompkins, 
who sold all his businesses 
except Green Shield. 

He said: “I rested for about 
three years, did five years 
work for charities and have 
now been checked out as 
100 percent.” 

He defended his stamps 
stoutly against toe charge that 
it means retailers have to put ' 
up the prices to pay for them, 
h wasftowever, a common 
belief in toe petrol trade last 
time that when the stamp 
trading was at its height, with 
quadruple stamps and more I 
on offer, petrol prices were 
often raised by individual 
garages. The great benefi- 
ciaries were drivers who put 
their petrol costs on the 
company bill and kept the 
“peik” of toe stamps. 

cutkry is cmf& and polished by hand (to 
ensure perfect pastern dtftmtum and & 

mtmaadatdy glazed edges) making each (L 
piece a supreme example of iheaulefS art. ^ 

Each rtznge of our silver plated cutlery fins $ 
a specified plating thickness ranging up to 33 ^ 
microns, and not surprisingly^ all our cutlery is 
unconditionally guaranteed in writing for up to a 
a lifetime of daily use. 

It can be collected piece by piece, in 7-picce 
place sas from under £25 andfuH sets starting 
from around £155 for a 44-piece set for six people.' 

You might also Hke to take a look m our new 
Family Range of degam, praaical^tainkss steel 
designs from just £11 a place set - like all our 

cuikryiti entirely Sheffield made and comes to 

you direa from our manufactory. . 

Onfy United Cutlers combine such a wide 
choice — over 1800 different items in faa — ■ 

and perfect quality with such low prices. sz 

See for yourself - send for our brochure 
and price list, phone (0K2) 433984 or visit our&< 
showroom - open weekdays 10 am-4 pm. 

(fyshefm m* 

Fiddhouse Way, Fine Street, , Sheffield S4 7SF. ^ 

Mak ers of Fine Cutlery 

J” Please send me your free folly illustrated 
| brochure and price list. 

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Post to: United Cutlers of fricld, 

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Ivory tower gibe 
angers LSE chief 

The Director of the London School of Economics, Mr 
lndrapra&ad CorihaaMni Patel, has the Secretary 
of State for Education and Science to task for his 
accusations last week that academics are tiring in Ivory 
towers (Oar Education Reporter writes). 

Mr Kenneth Baker's comments to the Lords select 
committee on science and technology are known to have an- 
gered many dons. 

In a letter to him, Mr Patel says that Mr Baker's ev- 
idence “reveals an apparent lack of awareness of the extent 
of successful collaboration between universities and 

Offering the LSE as an example, he draws attention to 
the fact Out 23 per cent of the school's research funding 
comes from commerce and indnstry. 

Academics are leading existences which are far from 
cloistered, be says, with many of them acting as consultants 
to industry and Whitehall. 

Video is Siege jail 
censored appeal 

The British Board of 
Film Censors has for the 
Gist time watched and 

censored a computer game. 

Dmcala, a horror game 
from die- software publish- 
ers, CRL, has been issued 
displaying a 15 certifi- 
cate — wanting people that 
it is nnsnitabie for children. 

The censors viewed the 
game at the request of Mr 
Clement Chambers, CRL’s 
managing director, who be- 
lieves ail video games 
should be treated in the 
same way as films. 

Mr Chambers said vet- 
would have a good 
on content. 

ting wool 
influence i 

The brother of one of the 
prisoners bolding a prison 
officer hostage at Saogbtoa 
jail in Edinbargh yesterday 
appealed to them on local 
radio to end the siege which 
began on Monday after an 
escape attempt went wrong. 

Earlier the officer was 
allowed to speak to senior 
prison staff. He told them 
he was unharmed and that 
there had been no violence. 

The men are protesting 
at conditions and the 
behaviour of staff. The 
Scottish Office has said 
that any allegations of 
brutality will be investi- 
gated by the police. 

Immigration attack 

The immigration system was Out of control and 
accountable only to itself, according to the annual report of 
the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, released 

The report said that in a year in which “the priorities and 
beliefs of offi cials set the agenda, and during which their 
role in tightening control was rarefy challenged", many 
more Asian families were separated because of increasingly 
restrictive procedures and questioning. 

It said there had been a big rise in the use of arbitrary 
powers to detain and remove people alleged to be illegal en- 
trants. Officers were choosing to treat overstayers as illegal 
entrants, thus denying them proper rights of appeal. 



The curious tale of a 
vanishing schoolgirl ac- 
tress has stumped the 
BBC. It is hunting Anne- 
Marie Mallik, who starred 
in a production of Alice in 
Wonderland when she was 

As part of its fiftieth 
anniversary, the BBC is 
repeating tin programme 
next Sunday and wants to 
give “Alice" her fee — but 
she has disappeared. 

Anne- Marie gave up act- 
ing after the part and later 
went to Cambridge Univer- 
sity, apparently to read 
law. Inquiries at the Law 
Society have drawn a 

Deadly isle cleansed 

A small Scottish island which was infected with a deadly 
farm disease during germ warfare experiments in 1942 
conk) soon be safe. 

The Ministry of Defence said yesterday that de- 
contamination spraying on Gruinard bad' been completed 
and in eight weeks soil samples would be taken for 

However, the island, which is 50 miles west of Inverness, 
is expected to remain forbidden territory for at least a year, 
to ensure that all traces of the anthrax spores are 

• A suspected case of anthrax was being investigated by 
the Ministry of Agriculture yesterday after the death of a 
cow at Wall Hope Farm, Tidenham, Gloucestershire. 

YTS accused of failing to help jobless 

By JD1 Sherman 

The Government's Youth 
Training Scheme has foiled to 
improve job prospects for 
young people, the youth 
employment organization, 
Youthaid. claims today. 

Us detailed analysis of Man- 
power Services Commission 
surveys since the scheme be- 
gan in 1983, shows that nation- 
ally fewer than six out of 10 
YTS leavers get work, nearly 
one in three join the jobless 
queue and one in 10 goes into 
education, or “something 

Barely a third of black YTS 

leavers are able to find work 
within three months, the re- 
port says. It also shows that 
four out of five young people 
leave without any recognized 
qualification and a half do not 
even get the YTS’s own 
internal certificate. 

Those who entered the 
scheme with an O level had 
the best chance of a job.Fewer 
than half those who had no 
qualification when they joined 
YTS got a job at the end. 

“People who are blade, . 
people who live outside the 
inner South-east, people who 
have no qualifications, all 

suffer discrimination in the 
labour-market. The new analy- 
sis shows that the YTS foiled 
the very people it was de- 
signed to help," Mr Paul 
Lewis, the Youthaid director, 

But the Manpower Services 
Commission yesterday cl- 
aimed that Youthaid had 
based its figures on the YTS 
one-year scheme which was 
replaced by the two-year 
scheme last April. 

“Most of the things that 
Youthaid has picked up we are 
already tackling.,” tiie MSC 

“Research .due to be pub- 
lished next month shows that 


nearl y th ree quarters of those 

on YTS in September 1984 
were in a full-time job IS 
months later." 

Mr Lewis attacked govern- 
ment plans to introduce tests 
for availability for work, 
which he said would dis- 
courage young people from 
studying while they were wait- 
ing for work. 

Lord Young of Grafiham, 

about the work they _ . 
looking for, whether they are 
prepared to travel, and what 
steps they have taken to find 

Speaking on the Jimmy 
Young Show on Radio 2 Lora 
Young denied opposition 
claims that the scheme was 
merely a figure mass 
exercise to get people o 
unemployment queue; 

Secretary of Stale for Employ- 
ment, yesterday defended the 


12-point questionnaire which 
will ask all new claimants 

“There are not going to — 
200,000 people coming off the 
register. But the present figure 
is swollen by people who 
should not be on it" 

Libya sends 

and £lm 
to IRA 

By Richard Ford 

Security forces in Northern 
Ireland suspect that Libya 
provided more than £1 mil- 
lion for the political and 
military operations of the 
Provisional IRA last year mid 
also supplied much-needed 

In the republic, officials are 
convinced that 700 rounds of 
ammunition, a rifle and re- 
volver discovered in a plane at 
Dublin airport a year ago 
came from Libya. 

Yesterday the Irish govern- 
ment instiucted its ambas- 
sador in Rome, Mr Eamon 
Kennedy, to seek assurances 
from the Libyan People's Bu- 
reau that Libya would not 
offer cash or weapons to the 

Mr Peter Barry, Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, said dip- 
lomatic relations were at an 
all-time low because of Colo- 
nel Gadaffi's reiteration of 
support for the Provisionals 
and that though the republic 
wished to continue links with 
the people of Libya it would be 
prepared to break off rela- 

Meanwhile, the opposition 
leader. Mr Charles Haughey. 
was in the embarrassing pos- 
ition of being described by the 
Libyan leader as a “friend" 
whom he hoped would win the 
next general election. With an 
election due before November 
1987. it is the kind of endorse- 
ment Mr Haughey, who met 
the Libyan leader two years 
ago, can do without. 

Colonel Gadaffi refused to 
say if he had supplied arms to 
the Provisionals directly but 
added: “We are obliged to 
support the cause because we 
think it is a just cause." 

He said that if he was leader 
in the South he would con- 
sider Northern Ireland as a 
colony and would fight to 
"liberate that part of my 
country". Colonel Gadaffi 
called on young people in the 
North and South to take part 
in the "struggle for 

It is the second time this 
year that Colonel Gadaffi has 
reaffirmed support for the 
Provisionals but of more con- 
cern to the British and Irish 
governments is the belief that 
he is financing its growing 

political and military cam- 

This year, 140 Soviet-made 
assault rifles and German- 
made weapons were discov- 
ered in three arms dumps in 
Co Roscommon and Co Sli_ 
in crates marked "Libyan 
Armed Forces”, but this was 
thought to be a deliberate 
attempt to divert attention 
from the real source. 

The link between Colonel 
Gadaffi and the Provisionals 
began in 1972. This led to an 
attempt to smuggle five tons 
of Russian-made weapons, 
mines and explosives into the 
republic aboard the Claudia in 
1973. That foiled when the 
Irish Navy intercepted the 

But the links deteriorated 
after “loyalist" paramilitaries 
sent a delegation to Tripoli 
and persuaded the govern- 
ment that the troubles in 
Northern Ireland were not 
simplya war of liberation. 

The suspicion that the 
connection has been resumed 
is based on threats by Colonel 
Gadaffi to renew support for 
the Provisionals after the mur- 
der of WPC Yvonne Fletcher 
outside the Libyan People's 
Bureau in London and the 
expulsion of Libyan 

Meanwhile security forces 
in Northern Ireland are on foil 
alert for an upsurge in Pro- 
visional IRA violence before 
this weekend’s conference in 
Dublin of its political wing. 

With the Provisional Sinn 
Fein leadership hoping to 
pursuade delegates to allow 
elected representatives to sit 
in the Dail. police fear the 
military men will attempt to 
demonstrate that the cam- 
paign of terror will continue 
un diminished. 

In Ballybay. Co Monaghan, 
today there will be tight 
security for the court appear- 
ance of Mr Peter Robinson, 
deputy leader of the DUP, on 
charges arising out of a loyalist 
incursion into the south in the 
summer. It is expected that 
the State will apply to have the 
case transferred to the non- 
jury special criminal court in 

British and Irish ministers 
meet tomorrow in London to 
discuss border security. 

Social attitudes 

Conservative voters shift to the left 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 


The Conservative Party has 
lost some of its most loyal 
support in a a clear and 
continuous shift to the left 
since the last general election, 
according to an annual survey 
by Social and Community 
Planning Research, a leading 
independent institute. 

Support has dropped among 
the sort of people to whom the 
Conservative Party might be 
expected to have firm appeal: 
the self-employed non-pro- 
fessionals, whether manual or 
n on-man uaL Support among 
them for the Conservatives 
fell by 20 per cent between 
1984 and 1985. 

The survey suggests this 
may be because the self- 
employed are much more 
likely than employees to ex- 
press an increased pessimism 
about the Government’s eco- 
nomic performance. 

The survey, reported in t 
British Social Attitudes, the 
I9S6 Report, seeks to explore 

Conservative supporters 
have a more restrictive atti- 
tude to sexual liberty than 
those of the other two parties, 
according to the report. 

On abortion, there has been 
a significant shift since 1983 
in favour of legal abortion for 
reasons of preference, and a 
similar but smaller shift to- 
wards abortion for reasons of 

About half the population 
surveyed believes abortion 
should be legal if the couple 

cannot afford more children, if 
the woman is unmarried, or if 
either the couple or the woman 
on her own decide not to have 
the child. 

A large majority endorses 
assisted methods of concep- 
tion if no third party is 
involved. According to 46 per 
cent of the sample, surrogate 
motherhood without payment 
should be legally allowed, 
while only 27 per cent agree 
with commercial paid 

not onjy which parly a person 
‘ i. out how 

identified with. 

strongly. If the decline in 
Conservative identification 
were the result of no more 
than a mid-ierm bout of 
disillusionment, then a loss of 
support could be expected 
among people who were less 
than partisan and who had 
little more than a current 
electoral preference. 

But the survey shows the 
tall in identification with the 
party has been heaviest among 
the partisan, those with the 
strongest and most long- 
standing attachment In 1983, 
24 per cent of the population 

were partisan Conservative, 
compared with 19 per cent in 
1985. Overall there has been a 
fall from 3S per cent to 31 per 
cent in those, including the 
partisan supporters, who iden- 
tify with the Conservative 

In contrast there has been a 
small increase in Labour and 
Alliance partisanship, the re- 
port says. Each survey, among 
a random sample of about 
1.800 people nationwide, is 
sponsored by a combination 
of charitable, government and 
private sources. 

Concern about countryside future 

A high level of concern 
about the fote of the country- 
side is shown among people 
questioned for the report. 

those who live in the country 
are more likely to have a 
critical view of modem form- 
ing methods. 

About a third professed 
themselves personally veiy 
concerned and a third “a bit 

concerned". The data suggests 
that all parties would benefit 
from the adoption of policies 
»o protect the countryside. 

Pollution, whether indus- 
trial or agricultural, is seen as 
the greatest threat, with two- 
thirds of the sample agreeing 
that modem fanning methods 
damage the countryside. In- 
terestingly. the survey says. 

Nearly half the sample 
thinks the countryside has 
changed a lot in the pasL 20 
years, just under a quarter 
thinks there has been some 
change and about one-fifth 
thinks it much the same- 
suburbanites. those living in 
the margin between city and 
country', are particularly likely 
to think that the. countryside 
Iks changed. 

ry few respondents, only 
" .one in 10. thought the 

changes are for the better. 

Since 1983. there has been* a 
slight diminution of concern 
about the threat posed to the 
environment by pollution. 
During that period there has 
been an increase (from 15 per 
cent to 23 per cent) in support 
for the construction of more 
nuclear power stations. 

But, the report says, the 
Chemobvl disaster had not 
happened when.lhe fieldwork 
was completed in 1985. Also, 
minor accidents at Scllafield 
have since been reported and 
local concern has arisen about 
moves to examine sites for the 
disposal of nuclear waste. 

The survey measures a 
significant trend to the left 
among all respondents on 
welfare and defence. Those 
saying Britain should keep 
nuclear weapons fell from 
77 per cent in 1983 to 68 per 
cent in 1985. 

There has been an increase 
since 1983 in the proportion 
preferring an increase in taxes 
rather than cuts in spending 
on health, education or social 

Almost unchanged since 
last year is the somewhat 
surprising finding that most of 
the population (55 per cent) 
believes that Russia and 
America are equally great 
threats to world peace. Since 

1984. the majority against 
American cruise missiles re- 
mains unchanged, with 53 per 
cent saying they make Britain 
less safe. Although most peo- 
ple still favour Britain's pos- 
session of its independent 
nuclear deterrent, the margin 
has declined from 60 per cent 
to 54 per between 1983 and 


And ihere has been a 
marked increase in uni- 
lateralism between 1983 and 
1985. from 19 per cent to 
27 per cent, with the change 
particularly marked among 
Labour supporters. Almost 
one quarter of the population 
believes a nuclear war be- 
tween Russia and the West is 
very or quite likely before the 
end of the century. 

More than three-quarters of 
the sample favours capital 
punishment for murders con- 
nected with terrorism. 71 per 
cent for murders of policemen 
and two-thirds for other mur- 

British Social Attitudes, the 
l^S6 Report (Ed. Roger 
Jowell. Sharon Witherspoon 
and Lindsay Brook: Gower 
Publishing Co.Ltd: £25. hard- 
back; £ 1 2, paperback). 

Mrs Thatcher cntting a ribbon to open the last section (Pho- 
tograph: Tun Bishop). 


doubts on 

By Michael Evans 
Whitehall Correspondent 

Mr Max Kampdman, the 

chief US aims negotiator, wiB 
confirm to the British Gov- 
ernment today that President 
Reagan’s proposal to elimi- 
nate ballistic nuclear missiles 
within 10 years is now part of 
the official American package 
at the talks in Geneva. 

Yesterday it was not dear to 
the Government whether the 
proposal, which was one of the 
key elements of the Reykjavik 
summit, had been tabled for- 
mally or was firstto be subject 
to thorough consultation with 
all the allies. 

British officials believe that 
this proposal is not in any way 
realistic, although in public it 
has been given support by the 
Nato governments. 

Mrs Thatcher is expected to 
underline both to Mr Kamp- 
^iman ) who arrives in London 
today, and to President 
Reagan when she sees him in 
Washington next month, that 
she has no intention of patting 
Trident into the arms control 

Trident, which will replace 
Polaris as Britain’s indepen- 
dent deterrent, is due to come 
into service in the 1990s and 
there is no plan, to slow down 
the development of the missile 
system because of the Reyk- 
javik “dream" of a 10-year 

/jfttrilinp for the dismantling 

of ail ballistic missiles. 

So for £620 million has been 
spent on Trident 

One Whitehall source said 
yesterday that lull consulta- 
tion with the British Govern- 
ment would be expected 
before the ballistic missile 
proposal was officially put 
before the Soviet Union 

opens last 
M25 link 

By Rodney Cowton 
Transport Correspondent 

The Prime Minister yes- 
terday opened the final section 
of the M25 and attacked those 
who had criticized the 
"magnificent British achieve- 

Mrs Thatcher said the 117 
mile ring road was one of the 
world's greatest highways. 

She cot a ribbon at 1 1.15am 
and even helped to remove a 
row of traffic cones, bat it was 
not until lpm that police 
allowed ordinary vehicles on to 
the new section, which links 

the MI to the AI at Sooth 
Minims in Hertfordshire. 

The first breakdown occ- 
urred within a minute — it 
happened dose to where Mr 
John Moore, Secretary of 
State for Transport, was giv- 
ing an interview. However, a 
large police presence ensnred 
that the car was removed 
before a hold-up could 

The opening of the new 
section brings the interchange 
between the M25 and the Ml 
into full use — for the last two 
weeks it has only been open to 
traffic travelling from the west 
along the M25. 

The interchange, which is 
expected to handle about 
150,000 vehicles a day, does 
not maintain full motorway 
standards for all users — 
mot o rists malting certain 
turnings have to use a short 
section of A405 dual carriage- 
way before getting back on to 
the motorway. 

One of those closely in- 
volved in the bonding of the 
intersection said that where 
turnings were only likely to be 
lightly used it had not been 
thought worth the cost of 
giving them an unbroken 
motorway connection. 

The new section of the M25 
has cost an estimated £4 
million a kilometre to build 
because of special measures to 
protect the environment. 

By mid-afternoon the M25 
had visibly taken over from the 
A 405 as the main East- West 
artery in the area, hot a filling 
station attendant at OusweD 
Green near St Albans, said 
that traffic was still coming off 
the M25 for fuel, because the 
motorway has no service sta- 
tions in use. 

After the opening Mr 

Moore announced that various 
types of fog detector and 
warning systems were to be 
tried out over the next two 
winters, and the chosen sys- 
tem would be installed at 30 
fog-prone sites on the M25. 
The system would then be 
assessed to determine whether 
it should be installed on other 

Knowsley North by-election 

Militant accused 
of misconduct 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

The Labour: _ 

officially accused the Militant 
Tendency of corruption and 
law-breaking in the Knowsley 
North by-election. 

Mr Ray GilL, the party’s 
North-west regional officer, 
called on the election return- 
ing officer to investigate a 
Militant leaflet which he 
claimed contravened the Rep- 
resentation of the People Act. 

The handbill, widely .cir- 
culated in the MereeySide 
constituency, advertises, a 
Militant meeting tonight and 
tails on Tendency supporters 
to vote for Mir George 
Howarth, the Labour can- 
didate, in tbe poll on Novem- 
ber 13. 

Under electoral law, expen- 
diture promoting a par- 
liamentary candidate can be 
incurred only by an election 
agent or authorized by him in 
writing, Mr Gill said. 

In a letter to Mr Richard 
Penn, the Knowsley North 
electoral registration officer, 
he asked for an immediate 
inquiry into the activities of 
Militant for allegedly tweaking 
the law. 

In a separate letter to Mili- 
tant. Mr Gill said its action 
could be judged to be corrupt 
practice and he demanded 
that it withdrew tbe leaflets. 

Militant yesterday invited 
Mr Ho worth, the Labour can- 
didate, to attend its rally this 
evening, which will be ad- 
dressed by three Tendency 
supporters expelled from the 
Labour Party. 

"Since Militant is trying so 
hard and so publicly to dam- 
age the Labour Party, it will be 
more appropriate if it invites 
the other candidates whose 
cause it is serving,” Mr 
Howarth said last night 
Mr Richard Venton, Mili- 
tant's chief spokesman on 
Merseyside, also launched a 
counter membership drive af- 
ter an earlier appeal by Mr 
Howarth aimed at attracting 
more moderates to join the 
local constituency paa 
Militant has made dear its 
intention to oust Mr Howarth 
after his expected by-election 
victory. Mr Venton called on 
Labour sympathizers to join 
the party and defend the right 
to select and replace Labour 
MFs with socialists "when 

While the Militant issue 
continues to dog Labour, Miss 
Rosemary Cooper, the SDP- 
Afiiance candidate, is not 
having an easy time either. 

tangle over defence and ap- 
peared to have little idea 
about her party’s attitude to 
nuclear deterrents. She went 
so for as to advocate replacing 
Polaris with a new nuclear 

Mr Roger Brown, the 
Conservative candidate, will 
be joined in the constituency 
today by Mr Michael Hesef- 
tine, the former Cabinet min- 
ister who once had special 

... i§i_. 

mad. I7.i' 

Teacher in race row 
removed from school 

Mr Jonathan Savery, the 
Bristol teacher at the centre of 
racism allegations earlier this 
year, has been removed from 
his post at Merrywood Boys 

Mr SaveTy continues to be 
on the payroll of Avon County 
Council but has received no 
explanation for the termina- 
tion of his £9,000 a year 


He appeared on the same 
platform as the former Brad- 
ford headteacher, Mr Ray 
Honeyford, at Bristol Univer- 
sity last Thursday. 

Mr Savery said yesterday: "I 
have no feeling of animosity 
and feel enormous, respect for 
the school. Perhaps the school 
is being mindful of the effects 
of all the publicity 1 have been 

However, he added that he 
could not rule out tbe possibil- 

ity that the local education 
authority was succumbing to 
pressure from militant mem- 
bers of the National Union of 
Teachers at the Avon Multi- 
cultural Gentre. 

Avon County Council said 
Mr Savery was expected to 
receive an official explanation 
of the decision in a few days. 

Mr. Savery attracted criti- 
cism after writing an article for 
the Salisbury Review in July 
1985, describing anti-racism, 
as the new witchcraft of the 
left. The criticism came from a 
powerful section of staff 
within an anti-racist sub- 
group calling Itself -MACAW 
(Multi-cultural Education 
Afro-Carribbean and Asian 
Workers’ Group.) 

He was subsequently 
cleared of allegations of rac- 
ism by a local, authority 
disciplinary panel in May. 

Charter to 

Sheila Gunn 

* a consumer charter which 

will end tbe sort of struggle for 

compensation endured by the 
parents of thalidomide chil- 
dren is to be introduced next 

The Consumer Protection 
Bill., to be announced in the 
Queen's Speech, will make it a 
criminal offence to. supply 
unsafe goods, and will mean 
that producers can be sued for 
any damage caused by their 
goods. It will also put an end 
to shops placing bogus price 
on goods for sale at 

duced prices. 

The BSI1 is expected to be 
introduced in the House of 
Lords early in tbe new session- 
A1 though not considered 
politically sensitive, it has 
been criticized by consumer 
groups for not going for 

Its main provisions, govern- 
ing product liability, backs up 
an SBC directive calling for an 
end to the need for consumers 
to prove negligence, ft comes 
after a 24-year court struggle 
by 452 children in Britain who 
were deformed after their 
mothers were prescribed thali- 

domide during pregnancy. 
Mr David Tench, 

legal ad- 
viser to the Consumers’ 
Association, said he would 
fight a loophole by which 
producers could still avoid 
penalty by proving that scien- 
tific and technological know- 
ledge was 9'd* that the extent 
of the defect could not have 
been known. 

He was also against the 
exemption of food and veg- 
etables from the Ust of goods 
covered by the BflL 
The new law, which is not 
expected to come into force 
until 1988, will end the prac- 
tice, common in some stores, 
of raising prices and then 
immediately dropping them 
to irbiim that they were bar- 
gains at prices often much less 
than the origin&L 

offers for 


By Tim Jones 

News International is 
considering offering 
compensation on an individ- 
ual basis to all of its 5,500 
former employees who went 
on strike antt were then dis- 
missed. ' 

Earlier this month a ballot 
of Sogaf 82 and the National 
Graphical Association, the 
two main print unions in- 
volved in the dispute, rejected 
the company’s final oner of 
compensation of £58miltion. 

The company, which prints 
its four national titles at its 
high technology plant in 
Wanting, east London, said 
then that it would set up a 
procedure to consider any 
cases individually. 

Now, in view of the number 
of inquiries from former 
employees and discussions 
with senior officials of the 
Advisory Conciliation and 
Arbitration Service (Acas), the 
company is considering pay- 
ing compensation to all for- 
mer employees who apply for 

. In return, the company will 
requite undertakings from the 
people who apply that they 
accept the mne-month-okl 
dispute is over and that they 
will play no further port in it 

The company has empha- 
sized there is no prospect of 
entering into new talks with 
the unions and is determined 
to adhere only to the “best, 
last and final offer" which the 
unions rejected on October 8. 

Under the deal, each dis- 
missed worker whose total 
earnings were obtained exclu- 
sively from the company 
lira receive £820 for each 
completed year of continuous 
service with a minimum pay- 
ment of £2,000. Other workers 
would receive £620 per year 
with the same minimum 
Mr Dennis Boyd, the Acas 
conciliation officer, has writ- 
ten to Mr Tony Dubbins, 
general secretary of the NGA, 
outlining the proposal. 

' Acas officials have had 
eliminary talks with of- 
aals of the Amalgamated 
Engineering Union, whose 
members also rejected the 
final offer, and plan to meet 
representatives of Sogaf82, 
the bfogest union involved. 
Last night, Acas said: "Acas 

has now taken steps to explain 

its procedures to the trades 
unions in dispute with the 
company and to members 
who have lodged complaints 
with the Industrial Tribunal". 

- When a person takes a 
to an industrial trib unal Acas 
is automatically informed and 
can help to reach an agree- 
ment between the two parties 
without recourse to the full 
tribunal process. 

: Correction 

In yesterday's report concerning 
tbe former Rn s k m College tec? 
tutor, Mr David Sdbourne: »* 
■was.sta ied tb at the Association 
ot uwvenuty Teachers would be 
urged to assist him with the 
proviso that he withdraw his 
“resignation”. This was in- 
tended as a reference to his 
decision m lune to resign from 
the association. Mr Sdbourne 
has not resigned from his tectur- 
iug post at Ruskin. 






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Builders tell Prince 
they are not to blame 
for inner city decay 


■■•‘!'. 11 , ' ‘CJ 

Britain's housebuilders is- 
suedafirm denial yesterday to 
the Prince of Wales' criticism 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 




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regeneration; has been calling 
for greater investment in inner 
that . l * * »■ »■* ^■iubiaut cities for the past five years 
were concentrating and says that obstacles exist 
Lh i - °, n Stoflilield sites which make the participation 
ana leaving the inner cities to of private housebuilders diffi- 
ae S?D .. cult in many ways. 

n trJ *^ er Humber, director /u the same time, Mr 
„ .V 56 Builders Federa- Humber said that 

‘ “He has got it homebuilders did not apolo- 

derelict inner city areas. It is 

expected to report next spring. 


Mr Humber said that wit 

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that it is active in inner city 

gize for building on greenfield 
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being in part the result of 
planning policies to relieve 
pressure on cities. - 
In April the federation set 
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sion to look at ways in which 
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By Our Property Correspondent 
The Government yesterday the associations in 1987-88. 

announced a new hoi 
finance scheme which 
help homeless people and 
those moving to find jobs. 

For tiie first time public and 
private money wUl be used to 
provide low-cost housing for 
renLMr John Patten. Min- 
ister for Housing, Urban Af- 
fairs and Construction, said 
this was a “major break- 
through in housing finance". 

He said that schemes being 
developed by boosing associ- 
ations and the Government 
will use np to 30 per cent 
public money. 

The housing associations, 
with grants from the Housing 
Corporation, baSd 15^000 
homes a year, and the injection 
of private money could triple 
the number. Until this new 
initiative any scheme involving 
private finance received no 
Housing Corporation grant 

Mr Patten, speaking at the 
annual conference of the Na- 
tional Housing and Town 
Planning Connell in Bourne- 
mouth. said the Government 
would also make more money 
available to the Housing 
Corporation for distribution to 

The minister said his first 
priority for the money would 
be to help homeless 
Irving in bed and breakfast 
hotels and to assist young 
people who could not afford to 
move to take up jobs. 

"‘Using rtifc new s — ba i 
regime, combined with new 
provisions on assured ten- 
ancies in the Housing and 

ations will be able to provide 
decent accommodation for 
homeless families until perma- 
nent housing can be found." 

Turnmg to boosing for job 
movers, he said the Govern- 
ment had already taken a big 
step forward by opening the 
way in the Housing and Plan- 
ning B31 to more privately 
financed shared ownership 

He said the Government 
was discussing action with the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry . and the Heaving 
Corporation, and asa first step 
were working on some inno- 
vative “flat share" schemes 
designed for young job movers. 
making ma ri m n ni use of pri- 
vate finance. 

obstacles to inner city build- 
ing. “There las to be a more 
effective partnership between 
the public and private sectors, 
and there must be more public 
sector pump priming. Much of 
the work needed to revive the 
environment of the inner 
cities, such as providing infra- 
structure, is unprofitable and 
the housebuilder cannot do it. 

“The extent of the 
Gove rnment' s stake is grossly 
inadequate and it places a 
limit on what the private 
housebuilder can do." 

There was also the big 
problem of affordability - the 
cost of land and building 
meant that those on low 
incomes could not afford to 
pay the open market price of 

Mr Humber rejected the 
implicit criticism that 
housebuilders were to blame 
for inner city decay. Bad 
housing was a symptom of 
decay not the cause, and until 
measures were taken to deal 
with long-term unemploy- 
ment and the restructuring of 
the economy, housebuilders 
were as impotent as other 

“We want to demonstrate, 
and can, our commitment to 
the inner cities. We can do 
more, but there are con- 
straints. And together with the 
amelioration of conditions in 
tiie inner cities, there must be 
an acceptance of social 
which means that 
_ oo greenfield sites is 
not only essential, it is 
welcome." He said that it was 
cheaper to build on greenfield 
sites than fo the timer cities, 
and only there was it possible 
to provide low-cost bousing 
that people could afford. 

The federation also rejected 
the Prince's assertion that at 
the present rate ofloss forming 
land would disappear in 200 

A 1942 Vickera Sapermarrae Spitfire Mk IX, which is among historic aircraft to be auctioned by Christie's in London to- 
morrow, finds a temporary house among the cars in parking space behind the auctioneers in Old Brampton Road, South 
Kensington. The aircraft, which needs restoring, can be new there before the sale. The legendary Spitfire was the creation 

Kensington. The anrraft, which needs restoring, can be viewd there before the sale. The legendary Spitfire was the creation 
of Reginald MitcheU. About 350 of the aircraft were m service at the height of the Battle of Britain (Photograph: James 


Plane part 
may have 
been worn 

Worn parts in a 34-year-old 
flying display aircraft may 
have caused the crash which 
killed 1 1 of its 14 occupants, 
according to an official report 
published yesterday. 

The twin-engine Vickers 
Varsity, operated by Leicester 
Aircraft Preservation Group, 
was on its way to a flying 

of wards 

By FhuH& Gibb l _ 
Legal Affairs Correspondoit 

New Government regular 
tions which allow wards of 
court aged 10 or under to be 
locked up for indefinite peri- 
ods are in breach of the 
European Convention on Hu- 
man Rights, it was claimed 

The Children's Legal Centre 
says in a letter to Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secredary of State for 
Social Services, that the 
regulations breach the rights 
guaranteed in the convention 
for individuals to a speedy 
public hearing with full rep- 

The centre is concerned that 
the regulations deprive wards 
of court in local authority care 
of legal rights and safeguards 
possessed by other young 
people in care. 

The regulations, presented 
to Parliament in the summer 
recess and now in force, allow 
the High Court and some 
county courts to lock up wards 
of court younger than 10 years 
old without the need to obtain 
permission from the Secretary 
of Slate, as local authorities 
must do for all other children 
in care. 

Nor. the centre says, are 
these courts governed by 
restrictions which stop juven- 
ile courts authorizing locking- 
up for an initial maximum 
period of three months and 
ftirther maximum of six 
months, although judges are 
still bound by the Child Care 
Act 19S0. 

Furthermore, it says, al- 
though the children m such 
cases are parties to . the 
proceedings and will have a 
“guardian ad litem" (someone 
instructed by the court to 
protect the child's interests), 
they will not have the right to 
instruct their own lawyer or be 
present at the hearing. 

That guardian will usually 
be a Civil Servant appointed 
by the official solicitor, who 
will advocate what he consid- 
ers to be the child's best 
interests and these might be 
“quite different from the 
ward's wishes" 

BT warned about 
cost of local calls 

By Teresa Poole, Business Corresp on dent 
British Telecom was yes- subsidy is now bang removed 


teiday warnednot to make tog 
increases in the charges for 
local telephone calls. 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
director general of Tele- 
communications, the govern- 
ment watchdog for the 
industry, said: “If BT mo- 
poses such increases, I shall 
certainly look at them criti- 
cally and searchingjy .” 

In bis review of British 

as part of British Telecom's 
efforts to compete with its 
rival. Mercury Communica- 
tions. This weekend, some 
long distance calls will be up 
to 17 per cent cheaper. 

Professor Carsberg says he 
is satisfied that rebalancing 
has not been carried beyond 
the point justified by costs, but 
that the rales of return from 
trunk and local calls will now 
be about the same. He adds: “I 
do not expect further substan- 

Cut-price deal “™^ neededin 

He also “greatly regrets 

for customers 


Mercury Coramrakations 
is preparing to offer home 
telephone sabscribers a cut- 
price service in competition 
with British Telecom. 

The discoart trunk calling 
service will start to become 
available to the poblk early 
next year. 

Long-distance ralk, indad- 
ing international calls placed 
on the Merany network, are 
expecte d to be 12 to 19 percent 
cheaper than those node via 
British Telecom^H subscrib- 
ers will receive an itemized b31 
showing the destination, dura- 
tion and. cost of each call 
placed. Customers wifi have to 
boy a special telephone. 

The service is expected to 
prove especially popidar with 
customers who use their home 
telephones to place badness 
calls, because the itemized 
tolls can be nsed to accurately 
claim reimbursement. 

Telecom's recently announced 
price changes, which come 
into effect on Saturday, 
Professor Carsberg says that 
no case can be made for 
changing the price control 
formula which limits a num- 
ber of increases to three per- 
centage points below inflation. 

However, he has made a 
study of the “rebalancing" of 
charges where costs of long 
distance calls have been re- 
duced while charges for local 
calls have increased. 

Until privatization local 
calls were subsidised by long 
distance calls but this cross- 

large jump in peak rare local 
call prices which are going up 
by 18.9 per cent and would 
have liked to see a more 
gradual transition, thnngfr the 
total increase is justified on 
grounds of costs. “The change 
in the peak price was much 
greater than I would have 
liked to see in one step,* 
Professor Carsberg said. 

British Xriecom was unable 
to avoid the sharp jump 
because some of its exchanges 
can only alter unit call times in 
30-second steps. BT has now 
agreed to modify its metering 

While not expecting such a 
big increase again for local 
calls, British Telecom said 
yesterday that it saw some 
scope for further reba la n ci ng 
of charges, particularly as the 
profitability of long distance 
calls was increasing at a faster 
rale than for local calls. 

British Telecom is criticized 
for not doing enough to 
explain the significance and 
effect to customers of the 
complex price changes. Home 
phone users need to be aware 
of the benefits of making calls 
m tte evening and of the great 

increase in cost when a call 
goes over the time allowed for 
one unit, the review says. 

With this weekend's 
changes, the average domestic 
user feces a 1.9 per cent 
increase in cost, while the 
average business customer’s 
costs win decrease. In its last 
financial year British Telecom 
made pre-tax profits of £1.81 

hiHi nn. 

display at Liverpool on Au- 
gust 19, 1984 when it crashed. 

Thirty minutes after leaving 
East Midlands airport, ibe 
pilot reported engine prob- 
lems. The aircraft lost height, 
stalled and crashed upside 
down before bursting into 
flames at Marchington, near 
Uttoxeter, Staffordshire. 

An official report by the 
Department of Transport Ac- 
cidents Investigation Branch 
said the plane experienced a 
power loss on both engines. 

The left engine failure was 
caused by a split in a fuel 
pump diaphragm, which bad 
probably not been examined 
for 1 3-14 years. The reason for 
the right engine failure could 
not be established, but it was 
ible there was an ignition 
ilure because of ignition coil 
breakdown when more boost 
was required. 

The report also noted that 
the aircraft had suffered a left 
failure in September 
1981, only 10 flying hours 
before the accident. 

It said the plane had been 
regularly maintained but the 
Civil Aviation Authority had 
made no requirements about 
engine overhauls. It pointed 
out that components such as 
diaphragms cannot be ex- 
pected to fast indefinitely. 

It also suggested that 
maintenance procedures for 
historic aircraft should take 
into account deterioration of 
components over the years. 

$5m case oyer 
film contract 

Mr Martin Starger, the film 
producer, yesterday claimed 
in the High Court that he is 
owed $5 million under a 
contract described as an 
‘over-generous sweetheart 

Mr Staiger, aged 54, was 
alleged to have strode the deal 
with Lord Grade's former 
company, ATV. Now be is 
suing Loid Grade's successor, 
Mr Robert Hoftnes a Court 
Mr Sidney Kentridge, QC, 
for Mr Starger, told Mr Justice 
Mann that his client signed a 
$ 1 00,000-a-year five year con- 
tract from February 1977 to 
January 1982. The agreement 
also allowed him additional 
payment for any films in 
which he was involved. The 
contract has been described as 
a “sweetheart deal", Mr 
Kentridge said. “That means 
it is over-generous to one of 
the parties and must have 
been dictated by friendship, 
here the friendship of Lord 
Grade for Mr Starger”. 

The films for which Mr 
Starger is claiming payments 
include The Lone Ranger % 

The Bell Group,' which has a 
counter daim, says Mr Starger 
had nothing to do with the 
films and is owed nothing. 

The hearing continues 

Cocaine linked to fatal heart attacks 

By Keith Hindiey 

Cocaine damages the heart 
and prolonged use can lead to 

fatal heart attacks, according 
to pathologists at Stanford 
University Medical School, 

The researchers found the 
same streaks of damaged 
heart muscle in more than 90 
per cent of addicts who (Bed of 
cocaine poisoning. Similar 
damage was absent or barely 
evident in overdose victims of 
other drags. 

These findings, due to 
appear in Human Pathology, 
an American medical journal, 
explode the street image of 
cocaine as the relatively 
“safe" up-market drag. 

In the past, cocaine has been 

variously linked with chest 
pains, palpitations, irregular 
heartbeats, heart attacks and 
sodden death, but it was only 
earlier this year that research- . 
ers suspected a direct link. 

The Stanford team, led by 
Dr Henry Tazelaar, studied a 
group of 30 drag victims, 
mainly men, aged between 25 
and 74 who were regular 
cocaine users. Of the study 
group, 28 had suffered fetal 
heart damage and most were 
young, with an average age of 
34. They had taken cocaine in 
varying doses. 

“The heart damage we 
found is of a type that can 
trigger irregular heartbeats," 
Dr Tazelaar said. 

The damage appears as red 
streaks where hurt muscle 
has tightened and died. “Once 
that happens, the cells are 

“These dead patches inter- 
fere with the electrical pulses 
that keep the heart beating' 
smoothly. Irregular beating 
becomes inevitable and that 
can lead to sudden death.” 

The researchers believe that 
people who show no iD-effects 
from taking cocaine are slowly 
damaging their hearts. “We 
are particaforiy concerned 
about young cocaine users," 
Dr Tazelaar said. “Later la 
life when they begin to develop 
normal heart disease, the 
situation will be aggravated by 
tiie hidden but longstanding 

damage caused by cocaine." 

The strain imposed by train- 
ing and exercise could also 
trigger a heart attack. “I think 
our findings could provide 
insight into the deaths of fit 
young athletes taking co- 
caine," Dr Tazelaar said. 

The researchers are so con- 
vinced of the cocaine link that 
they are proposing that coro- 
ners use tire contraction bands 
in toe heart as evidence of 
death from a cocaine overdose. 

“The evidence is dearly 
mounting that cocaine is not 
the benign drug it was once 
thought to be," Dr Tazelaar 
said. “Although some people 
may be more susceptible than 
others, our advice is dean 
don't fool with cocaine." 

Air travel 

Tough limit sought on noise 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

Tough restrictions on air- older versions of Boeing 727s 
craft noise are planned by the and 737s. after being en- 
Governraent to eliminate couraged by the success of 
older, noisier jets and place anti-noise legislation which 

strict limits oo night flying. 

The Department of Trans- 
port is expected to announce 
the measures eariy next year in 
an attempt to woo environ- 
mental groups before the gen- 
eral election. 

If noise abatement mea- 
sures are approved, airlines 
around toe world would be 
forced to invest heavily in a 
new generation of quieter 

Mr Michael Spicer. Under 
Secretary of State for Trans- 
port, speaking to the Foreign 
Airlines Association in Lon- 
don yesterday, said: “We are 
currently reviewing several 
aspects of noise management, 
including night quotas and a 
monitoring of trade keeping. 

“As our airports become 
busier and busier we must be 
more and more mindful of the 
needs of people who live 
around them." 

Mr Spicer disclosed that he 
is studying ways of phasing 
out what are known as Chap- 
ter Two aircraft, including 

has led to a big fell in noise 
pollution around Heathrow 

But at the same time, 
British Midland Airways dis- 
closed yesterday that it would 
be pressing for noise restric- 
tions at the new stolport in 
London's docklands to be 
eased to allow for services by 
jet aircraft 

In announcing plans for a 
new business airline to fly 
from toe docklands to cities 
throughout Europe, Mr Mi- 
chael Bishop, chairman of toe 
airline, said he would be 
lobbying for noise limits to be 
eased to permit flights by 
British Aerospace (BAe) 146 

The new airline, to be 
known as Eurocity Express, 
will initially operate Ca- 
nadian-built De Havflland 
Dash 7 four-engine propeller- 
driven aircraft Permission is 
being sought for services to 
Paris, Amsterdam, Brussels, 
Rotterdam, Guernsey, Jersey, 
Dusseldorf and Manchester. 

The airline's first Dash 7. 
with its distinctive logo of 
pinstripe suit and flying red 
tie. will be delivered next 
May. Up to five could be 
ordered, depending on li- 
cences granted to the airline 
when the short take-off and 
landing airport is opened next 

Plans for jet flights are 
bound to run into strong 
opposition from environ- 
mental and residents’ groups, 
who just foiled to kill off the 
stolport before it was built 
because of potential noise 

Mr Bishop admitted that 
strong lobbying would be 
essential if the objections were 
to be overcome. But he said 
the noise difference between 
the Dasb 7 and the 146 was so 
small there was a strong case 
for relaxing the present rules. 

• A new centre for 
business aviation, costing 
million and creating up to 
2,000 jots, is to be built at 
Fhmborough, Hampshire, by 
a consortium led by the 
Carroll Group, McAipine Avi- 
ation and Plessey Airports. 

— ^old — 
Five join 
band of 


Five readers share yes- 
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I Westland debate • Fishing zone • S Africa • British Councu 

S Africa • British Council 

Younger accepts Westland committee defence analysis 

The Westland a flair powerfully 
reinforced die wisdom of 
successive governments in gen- 
erally abiding by ibe rule of 
collective responsibility. Mr 
George Younger, Secretary of 
State for Defence, said when he 
opened the debate on Westland, 
the helicopter firm. 

He added: "That message, 
underlined by the unhappiness 
of two ministerial resignations, 
will long be rememb e red when 
so much else in our current 
political controversy has 

Mr Younger said that the Gov- 
ernment agreed with much of 
the analysis made by the Select 
Committee on Defence of the 
defence implications of the fu- 
ture of Westland, but there were 
points on which the Govern- 
ment could not go the whole 
way with the committee. 

The committee rightly 
pointed out that the helicopter 
had an established place in 
maritime and land-air warfare, 
and that its existing range of 
capabilities was gradually being 

It had its vulnerabilities, how- 
ever. and was not yet able to 
replace an entire capability in 
the land-air battle. For example, 
attack helicopters must com- 
plement ground-based, long- 


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mm H 91 K 

-* f»\ 

The mam actors in toe Westland story, which was 


debated by dre Commons today, were (from left): Mr Michael Hesettme, Mr BernartUnghara, Miss Colette Bowe/Sir Patrick Maybe* and Mr Leon Brittan. 

"It is considering what 
changes in support rales and 

range, direct-fire weapons rather capabilities can be expected up 

than replacing them. 

Against that background, the 
committee's comment that 

to that date, how support- 
helicopter assets can be used 
most effectively to fulfil those 

quantity had been sacrificed for roles and, in the light of this, 
quality was a little severe. what the best force mix would 

It was true that there were 850 be. On the basis of this a force 
helicopters in the three services mix is to be recommended." 
now, compared with 940 in The committee's preliminary 
1975. but the reduction was not view that there was a good case 
large and the overall capability for fulfilling a fully air-mobile 
had increased through ac- brigade was being borne in mind 
quisition by all three services of in toe studies. 

Falklands given 
fishing cordon 

new and more powerful types. 
The record showed that toe 

They accepted the importance 
of resolving such matters 


The Government has uni- 
laterally established a 150-mile 

Argentina led in one case to loss 
of life and the gulfing Q f a 

• Argentina has concluded bi- 
lateral fisheries agreements with 
the Soviet Union and Bulgaria; 

Ministry of Defence had given quickly and would continue 
toe helicopter a good priority in work on the military issues as 
the defence programme and to rapidly as possible. They could 
have built up capability in a key not state military requirements 

fishing zone around toe coast of • Through thes e agreements 
toe Falkland Islands, Sir Geof> Argentina purports to exercise 
frey Howe, Secretary of Stale for jurisdiction that is a matter of 






Ministers inflicting grave 
damage on our interests, 
says British Council chief 

arm of warfare. 

financial vacuum when 

Improved types also featured resources were tight. 

prominently in toe future pro- 
gramme. The Government was 
firmly com mined to toe new 
anti-submarine helicopter. 

There was a requirement for a 
new light-attack helicopter in 
the anti-tank role to replace 
Lynx fitted with Tow. Its entry 
to service was planned for toe 

"We should have been failing 
in our duty if we bad fudged the 1 
difficult and complex judge- 
ments about military needs in 
order to rush to procurement of 
hardware. That would have ; 
been fair neither to toe services, 
nor to toe taxpayer.” 

It would be wrong to under- . 

late 1990s and toe programme t g^ ame toe upheaval which 
at an earlier stage than would be caused by adopting the 

EH 101. but good progress was committee's 

being made. 

ion that the 

Army as user of support beti- 

With Italy, the Netherjands cop te r s should be given 
and Spain, toe United Kingdom responsibility for all of them. 

recently signed 

While it would be wrong to 

memorandums of understand- become complacent, toe Falk- 
mg: one for laying down a lands ramnaipn had dent- 
framework for collaboration on onstrated toe ability of all three 
the Agusta A 129 UghMttack services to work effectively in 
helicopter and the other cover- integrated operations 

a joint feasibility and cost 

definition study whidi was ex- 
peeled to stan shortly and 

»ould Ut ~ » com- O- 

The most difficult issue faring Jj “■ «' *3*83? 

sssa sss waslbalof ^p^cSmSS^tiTss 

experience of exercise SVgEC^bS 
Lionhean and the new thinking 
it bad stimulated about the 

Army's helicopter needs had the^ti!!dv7e^ 

made it necessary for toe de- 

fi-nrp stiff in an hack to the CO^P^^lies to which the Mm- 

SSjtaJSAKtalS ?fS, 0 mmfonTvSj d m0rc ^ 

^Therl alway^ been and 
continues to be a dose relation- 


Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affaire, announced in a state- 
mem to toe Commons. 

At the same time, he said, 
they were declaring toe entitle- 
ment of the Falkland*, under 
international law. to a fisheries 
limit of 200 miles, subject to 
delimitation with Argentina. 

There had been a rapid in- 
crease in fishing in toe south- 
west Atlantic and the serious 
impact on fish stocks had 
aroused widespread concern. 
Accordingly a study was 
launched at toe Food and 
Agriculture Organization. 

From toe outset Britain took 
toe view that toe problem would 
best be solved on a collaborative 
basis. “In public", he went on, 
"and directly to the Argentine 
Government. I made clear our 
view that a solution without 
prejudice to our respective po- 
sitions on sovereignty could and 
should be found." 

Some fishing nations had not 
co-operated with toe FAO study 
and its preparation had been 
delayed. Pending completion of 
toe study. Britain took steps by 
voluntary means to reduce toe 
impact of the fishing effort. 

He continued: “Argentina has 
pursued a different course, and 
the actions have undermined 
the multilateral approach. 

• Argentina has embarked on 
agressive patrolling more than 
200 miles from Patagonia and 
within 200 miles of the 

• Unlawful use of force by 

international law the entitle- A reputation for Britain as 
ment of the Falkland Islands; Europe’s biggest polluter is un- 

• These agreements are in- deserved. Lari Skdmeradri^ 
compatiblewito the multilateral Under-Secretary of State for 
initiative. Environment, said during ques- 

“In sum, toe Argentine tion time in the Lords. 
Government's recent actions He said that the Government 
show an indifference to hopes to use toe British prea- 
conservation needs and a pref- ■ dency of the Council of the EEC 
erence for obstruction rather to advance discussions on add 
than co-operation. rain, with a view to promoting 

“The Government are deter- agreement to a parfrag- of 
mined that there should be measures which would be geo- 
adequate protection for toe eraliy acceptable to member 
fishery. In view of the failure of states, 
approach, we have therefore proposals for tarfriing the 
decided to establish unilaterally probfemhad been under dis- 
a conservation and man age- w ithin the European 

Ifw mnemra. Community for some time, but 
Fishing within the conserva- no agreement had been readied 

heca^eoftoc widely divergent 
toe Falklands Government and of different member 

they would use their own protec- ^ 
tion vessels and a surveillance . , 

aircraft. British Forces on toe Lord Anfwicfc (Lab), who raised 
islands would continue to deter toe issue, asked: Now that the 
Argentine a ggr ession and main- Government admit _ toe link 
tain the integrity of the protec- between sulpber emission and 
tion zone. acid deposition, will it bring 


Commonwealth affairs, said toe countries. 

Foreign Secretary had made a Lord Skefauersdale: I assu m e he 
very serious statement which . is referringto whether or not the 
embedded tbe Government still United Kingdom should join ■ 
deeper in the quagmire of the the 30 per cent dub. We rec- 1 
Falklands commitment. ognize the importance of the 

The announcement was club as a symbol of international 
bound to make negotiations concern about add rain. How- 
wito the Argentine more diffi- ever, being a member does not 
cult and reduce still further the necessarily mean we are doing 
minuscule minority of govern- more than befog a non-member. 

m SL^mied Nations We ^ reduced sulpher- 
which supported toe Bn&sb emissions by 24 per 

position on tots is sue. cent before the dub started in 

- P!- Fore !S 1980. We have therefore done 

just announced tte unilateral than some members of the 

imposition of a fishing zone c jub, which were still increasing 

emissions during tbe 1970s. We 
ihuy which he told toe House ^ keeping possible member- 

Mr Tom King playing yesterday in a Tory Party charity golf day at Moor Park. 

on March 14 last year was not 
justified. Then he drew atten- 
tion to the practical and political 
problems of policing such a 
zone, a zone which comprised 
some 70,000 square miles of 
ocean in part overlapping tbe 
zone already established by 

He had dumped the 
responsibility for policing such a 
zone on toe people of the 
Falklands, who were half toe 
population of the average parish 
in the United Kingdom. 

Did he regard toe Falklands 
Government as being free to use 
force in imposing this unilateral 
decision against any fishing 
vessel which might without its 
agreement fish in toe zone? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said it was in 
face of the action by toe 
Argentine Government that toe 
British Government reached toe 
conclusion that a unilateral 
regime must be imposed this 

ship of the dub under continu- 
ing review. 

Lord Dean of Beswick (Ltd)): We 
are still have a reputation of 
being toe biggest polluters in 
Europe. When can we expect 
substantial progress to e limi n a te 
this entirely? 

Lord Skehnersdale We have a 
reputation which is undeserved- 
, We in fact produce 66 kilos of 
sulpber per person per annum 
1 which is 25 per cent less than 
Spain and the United States and 
IS per cent less than Finland 
, and Luxembourg. Some 240 
kilos a person are entitled from 
East Germany every year. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Financial Ser- 
vices BiD. Lords amendments, 
first day. 

Lords (3): Education BiD and 
Salmon Bin, Commons am- 

Sir John Burgh, director* 
general of the British Condi, 
yesterday a vivid pic- 

ture of the decline in Britain's 
standing overseas, arnistng 
the G o ver nm ent of inflicting 
grave damage on Britain? 
interests for ignoring tbe im- 
portance of i n t wMtinnal cul- 
tural relations. 

In evidence to the foreign 
affairs select committee, Sr 
John also disclosed that the 
Government has rejected the 
council's plea fur an extra 
£4J5 million next year in a 
pant that has declined by 
more than 20 per cent in real 
terms since 1979. 

In an emotional cri de coesrr 
to the committee, he argued 
that “it matters” that only a 
“paltry” amber of overseas 
students were now studying in 
Britain, that in Uragoay die 
French had managed to have 
English replaced as the lan- 
guage taught in schools, and 
that m West Germany “even 
inteffigent and educated peo- 
ple have built up an image of 
Britain consisting of football 

The new Shadow Cabinet Ik 
r-1986 member) 

Gerald Kaufman 
John Smith 
Dentil Davies 
Denis Healey 
Stanley Orme 
Barry Jones 
Pater Shore 
John Cunning ha m 
Pater Archer 
David Clark 
John Prescott 
Donald Dewar 
Bryan Gould 
Michael Meacher 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

or- bootigans, decline, racial prej- chned by 38 per cart to jnst 
cfl, iwHtp »pH archaic traditions". 56,121 since 1979. 
lie* Yet his repeated requests for In France there are now 

n’s store money had been refused 128,000 overseas students 

more money had been refused 128,000 overseas students 
because the Government shn~ studying, while Japan has set 
ply did not appreciate the a target of 100,000 by the end 
long-term worth of cultural of the centmy. Of 40,000 
relations. That worth was Jordanian s stndyiqg abroad, 
UBqnan tillable but only 690 were fo Britain- 

“invaluable", he and As other countries seized 

there was a desperate need for the initiative, goverament cute 

“virion ami imagination". had caused the British Council 

Accompanying submissions to cat its total staff by (L 5 per 
faun the B ritish Cornual chart c eat to 4,170 since 1979, with 
not only the decline in 370 posts going in Britain and 
Britain's own cnltnral work 60 overseas, 
overseas, but ni «» die sharp “The position has now been 
of other developed readied- where the funding of 
countries in this fields council programmes is so low 

They show that Britain will that any farther cats must 
spend £216 mflfion on adtoral necessarily lead to cuts in Ac 
relations year, compared network of overseas o f fices or 
to Ge rman y** £568 miSfon a reduction in the already 
and France's £739 mflfion. meagre support for opera- 
Even in Japan direct govern- tional activities." 
ntf spending exceeded rh*v A huge amount of extra 
of Britain. funding was needed, bat “tire 

Overseas students studying sons involved are tiny in the 
to Britain — “a powerful context of overall public 
Inmans of sprradmg British expenditure; die benefit to 
hdlnence and improving fhtmre Britain would be out rtf afl 
trade prospects" ~ have de- proportion to the cost” . 

spend £216 million on adtnral 
relations this year, compared 
to Germany's £568 nuffion 
and France's £739 mflfion. 
Even in Japan direct govern- 
ment spending exceeded that 
of Britain. 

Overseas students stud yin g 
to Britain — “a powerful 
means of spreading British 
ntiluesce and improving fntmre 
trade prospects" — have de- 

South Africa sanctions 

EEC measures condemned as shamefully trivial 

bebcal order 
Tony Banks 
Margaret Beckett 

Tory Berm 
Andrew Bennett 
Denras Canavan 
Robin Cook 
Jeremy Corbyn 
Terry Davis 
Frank Dobson 
Stuart HoBand 
Robert Hughes 
Brynmor John 
Oonagfi McDonald 
John Morris 
Jo Richardson 
George Robertson 
Jeff Hooker 
Brian Sedgemore 
Barry Shearman 
Clare Short 
Gavin Strang 
Jade Straw 
Alan waams 

Competing in 1S8S: 
Gwyneth Dtnwoody 
George FouJkes 
Robert Parry 


won in 

































tales in 






















































Bank obeys but 
fails to satisfy 

By Onr Political Reporter 

The Bank of England ap- At yesterday's meeting MPs 
peared yesterday to have turned their anger on Mr Giles 

averted temporarily a .con- 
stitutional dash with Par- 
liament by complying with a 

ily a .con- Shaw, tbe new Minister for 
with Par- Industry, demanding to know 
ying with a why his predecessors bad re- 

demand few information from fused to show the committee 
a select committee. But it documents that they bad been 

again supplied only the spars- ready to show to the bank, 
est facts. Mr Shaw said that the 

The trade and industry Government was bound by 
committee had asked for do- treattr to keep the documents 
tails of documents shown to confidential 
toebankbytheDepartmentof But when he admitted that 
Trade and lndustry which it ^ Government h»d “not 

believes will show the «tent explicitly" sought the per- 
of government responsibility mission Q f the International 

for the tin crisis that led to one 
of the biggest commercial 
defaults in history. 

The response from 
MrRobin Leigh-Pemberton, 
the bank’s governor, has not 
yet been released, but at a 
meeting of the committee 

^Ir^Rtfoin Maxwefl-Hyslop, 
described it as “remarkably 

He read ont an extract 
which said merely: “May, 
1984: one document May, 
1985: working document" 

The committee, which has 
shown great persistence in the 
face of endless stonewalling by 
ministers and civil servants, 
must now decide whether to 
make a new order for informa- 
tion from the bask. 


Sir Geoffrey Howe came under 
attack for the “shamefully 
trivial** measures taken by the 
EEC against South Africa dur- 
ing Commons questions. 

The Foreign Secretary said 
that the 12 had agreed on 
September 16 a package of 
raeasares designed to send a 
strong signal to tbe Sooth 
African Government on the ar- 
gent need far fu n d am ental 

Mr Peter Hardy (Wentworth, 
Lab): Will be not take a firmer 
and more insistent position, not 
jpagf in regard to the effective 
exclusion of Namibia and cer- 
tain products from tbe sanctions 

Does the present situation not 
suggest that tbe sanctions poli- 
cies pursued by Britain and 
Western Europe will appear to 
be merely a rhetorical exercise 
which, without strict monitoring, 
ran provide the worst possible 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: Tbe mea- 
sures agreed in September do 
not apply to Namibia because all 
but one of the 12 consider that it 
raises a seperafe problem which 
requires a different approach. 
Tbe measures were agreed after 
a great deal of discussion and 
they represent a considered and 
concerted package designed to 
receive tbe response intended. 
Mr Kenneth Eastham (Man- 
chester, Blackley, lab) said 
that, reflecting on Britain's dis- 
appointment about tbe reaction 
of her EEC partners to Syria, 

was it not understandable that 
toe EEC ministers were dis- 
appointed with tbe British 
Government's attitude on Strath 
Africa? Tbe overwhelming feel- 
ing of British people was opposi- 
tion to apartheid. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I am totally 
aware of toe overwhelming opin- 
ion of tbe people of Britain and 
tbe European Commnnity 
condemning apartheid and 
requiring it to be replaced as 
soon as possible. On that point 
there is no difference between ns 

# I am totally aware 
of British opinion 9 

1 think my colleagses in the 
EEC felt that the the miss ion we 
undertook in July on Sooth 
Africa represented a very eff- 
ective presentation of (he case 
upon which toe people of Europe 
are agreed. 

Mr Gny Barnett (Greenwich. 
Lab): Does he not recognize that 
there is an increasingly serious 
situation developing in South 
Africa, a situation invoking 
increasing degrees of disorder? 
With the tragic death of Samora 
MacbeL does be not feel be 
should now respond to the call 
made recently by the Secretary' 
General of the Co mmo nwealth 
for an international brigade to 
defend the frunt-line states 
against intrusion from South 
Africa? Why does he not give a 
lead of that kind in the EEC? 
Sir Geoffrey Howe: It would not 
be sensible or fruitful to begin 
thinking In terms of mobilizing a 
brigade of that kind. 

But he is right to draw attention same view as Mr Beith on the 
to toe increasing gravity of the effectiveness of snch measures, 
situation. The death of President Community ministers had spent 
MacbeL caused in whatever many months arriving at the 
fashion it wss, is undoubtedly a agreement reached in 
matter of ti>e utmost regret on all September, 
sides of the House. Mr Thomas Clarke (Monldands 

Tbe situation in Sooth Africa West, Lab) urged the Foreign 
itself is certainly one of mount- Secretary to answer tbe question 
tog tension in which if is of the recently pot to him by Mr Denis 
utmost importance for the South Healey about why Namibia was 
African Government to summon excluded from the EEC policy 
np toe courage to make tbe leap on South Africa. 

banning of toe ANC and other 
political parties. 

The aim was to create tbe 
circumstances in which ail toe 
peoples of South Africa conld 
make their co n se n t available to 
c onst i tuti onal measures which 
would be acceptable to them alL 
Mr Denis Healey, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, sard now 

Journalists yote to 
keep lobby system 

of imagination necessary to call 
together leaders of die African 
people with a view to replacing 
apartheid as soon as possible. 
Mr George Gardiner (Rwgaie, 
Cl said the Foreign Secretary 
should emphasize to Britain's 
European colleagues bow 
counter-productive sanctions 
and the threat of sanctions were 
to the reform process in Sooth 

Constructive discussions be- 
tween the leaders of ail groups 
would be far more likely to 
sneered in the context of ah 
e xpanding economy than on in 
which blacks and Cape 
coioneds were being thrown out 
of work. _ 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: General 
economic sanctions should not 
be seen as an end in themselves 
and we do not regard (hem as an 
effective way to bring about an 
end to apartheid. 

Mr Alan Behb (Berwick -npon- 
Tweed, L) said the Government 
should consider measures which 
would give a clearer signal to 
South Africa, such as a ban on 
direct air flights from Europe to 
South Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said the 
Government did not take the 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: With one 
exception (Denmark) all oar 
European Community partners 
do not regard Namibia for 
inclusion on the same terms as 
Sooth Africa. 

% Namibia is not 
regarded on same 
terms as Sooth 
Africa 9 

Sir John Bjggs-Darison (Eppiog 
Forest. O wanted to know 
exactly what the South African 
Government was expected to do 
before these measures were 
withdrawn. What stage of the 
reform process had to be 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said the 
position had been made clear 
during his own mission and that 
of toe Eminent Persons' Group. 
They wanted to create a dimate 
in which the South African 
Government shonld be ready to 
examine dialogue with leaders of 
all groups within South Africa 
by the unconditional release of 
Nelson Mandeb and other 
political prisoners and the on- 

VtiHUUUuncoiui Zm J ___ a 

that tbe United States had retaining tbe presort system _ot 
decided to impose wide-ranging unattributable briefings with 
sanctions against South Africa, Downing Street spokesmen. 
whidi went far beyond tbe The voting, announced yes- 
shamefnlty trivial measures terday, was 67 is favour of 

ta-W the system and 55 

f.'SStS'S a ^However, fay a majority of 
Syria, would he seek to bring toe 10, that IS, 68 votes to 58, 
EEC into fine with the rest of the journalists voted for an in- 
civilized world by a do pting tbe qniry into the rules of the 

same measures as the US? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: 1 have done 
that which the President of the 
Council was required to do in 
seeking in two meetings recently 
to promote consensus on tbe 
measures agreed in September. 
It has not been possible to take 
that consensus further. 

J am sore the Hoose win note on 
this ocassion he is keen to 
encourage ns to follow the 
example of the United States. 

Mr David Whurick (Walsall 
North, Lab) asked if the Foreign 
Secretary had any conception at 
all of bow hmnOiatjiig it vnts for 
this country to endorse and see 
in action what be was doing in 
Sooth Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I Him most 
of the House would have a 
different view from him about 
the relative standards of famuli' 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Parliamentary Lobby jour- surprised many journalists, 
nalists have voted in favour of Miss Julia Langdon, the 

ting tbe presort system of lobby chairman, said: “The 
ributable briefings with doseneb of the vote indicates 
aing Street spokesmen. that there are a large number 
e voting, announced yes- of people in the lobby in 
y, was 67 in favour of favour of dunge. But I think 
ng the system and 55 that the majority reflects foe 
st feet that the existing system, 

rwever, by a majority of even if unsatisfactory, is better 
hat is, 68 votes to 58, than no briefings at aJL” 
alists voted for an in- Mr Bernard f n g h a m, the 
' into the rules of the prime Minister’s press sec- 
(■ It is expected to be re tary, has indicated that be 

lobby. It is expected to be retary, has indicated that be 
completed before foe state ■ would not be prepared to give 
opening of Parliament briefings on an attributable 
Tbe closeness of the vote basis. 

Tin Council to show them to 
the bonk, MPs said that the 
Government had already 
breached tbe agreement. 

"If you were willing to break 
foe rales in that position, then 

study tbe argument that you 
could not break the rules to 
give the documents to a House 
of Commons committee falls 
on very, very weak ground", 
Sir Peter Emery said. 

- The committee also sought, 
unsuccessfully, to find out 
why the Government bad 
warned brokers of the looming 
crisis but not foe banks or the 
Cornish tin mine workers. 

Mr Shaw agreed that that 
was “a bey question", but said 
he would have to advice 
before answering it 

Scots Tory 
peers defeat 

A rebellion by Scottish 
Conservative peers last night 
severely dented the 
Government’s attempt to 
speed up the sale of homes to 
sitting tenants in Scotland. 

•. Scottish Conservatives 
joined labour. Alliance and 
independent peers in voting to 
stop new charitable housing 
assoaations being forcedto 
oner their properties to ten- 
ants. Voting was 144 to 99 — 
majority against, 45. 

The Government is ex- 
pected to accept such a des 
ctsrve defeat 

Tebbit attacks paper-ban councils 

By Nicholas Wood, PoEtical Reporter 

Labour councils that ban in Chingford. Essex, could not No longer could “reaction. 
News International titles from read The Times and foe ' ary. and bloody-minded” 
their libraries because of the company’s other titles because unions caH strikes without a 
Wapping printworkers dis- of this “crude form of political ballot with impunity And ar 
pute are apeing the “book press censorship” imposed by the News InteraaiionalDiant 
burning of Nazi Germany", foe borough oounefi. • in Wapping, East London a 

Mr Norman Tebbit said yes- Mr Tebbit said the Govern- “violent and irresponsible” 

in Chingford. Essex, could not 
read The Times and foe 

Wapping printworkers dis- 
pute are apeing the “book 
burning of Nazi Germany", 
Mr Norman Tebbit said yes- 
terday The Tory chairman's 
onslaught on press censorship 
came in a speech to editors of 
regional newspapers in 

He said that his constituents 

of this “crude form of political 
press censorship” imposed by 
foe borough cotrndL 

meat could cla 
credit for the 
revolution tran 
Street and t 
“priceless asset' 
the press. 

on transforming Meet seize any opportunity to al- 
and extending the : fade the police, had failed to 
ss asset" of freedom of . stop production and distrih»- 
5 . . Don of the company’s titles. 

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l Council chief 

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Cyprus Seven’ inquiry calls for tighter rein on recruiting and monitoring of off-duty activity 

problems of 

security in 
young unit 

■ In Jnly 1984, the Prime Minister asked the Security 
t-onunission to investigate any breaches of security at 
a commu n ications base in Cyprus following cham ps 
Official Secrets Act against eight members 

of 9 Signal Regiment. 

ibseq >ntly all those who stood trial at thie Central 
'-runmal Court were acquitted. The jury listened to the 
case for 107 days in dosed session, making it the long- 
™SMnostKpensije spy hearing in British history, 
f to Security Commission continued with its inquiry 
*nd its findings, extracts from which appear here, 
were presented to the House of Commons yesterday. 

. work of static comma- employed on thi$ type of work 
locations units is mostly until he is reasonably mature, 
bistily classified. Their fiino and certainly over the age of 
Uons naturally gave rise to 21. We have, however, re- 
security problems of a more ceived evidence irom the Min- 
acute kind than those en- istry of Defence and the 
countered by most other ser- Services that it would not be 
vice units. oossible to iiaAmenf such a 

Almost all of those em- 
ployed in such a unit will have 
access to highly classified 
information and wiD carry 
sufficient of it in their heads to 
cause grave damag e if' they 
disclose it to a hostile agent, 
either deliberately or in- 
advertently, through careless 
talk, perhaps alter drinking 
too much. 

Security procedures have to 
be devised and enforced both 
to ensure, so far as is possible, 
the trustworthiness of those 
engaged upon the work, and to 

protect the vast amount of plete it must be deployed 
highly classified recorded immediately; otherwise the 

information which is pro- 
' cessed by a static communica- 
tions unit. 

9 Signal Regiment is based 
at Mercury Barracks just out- 
side the village of Ayios 
Nikolaos in the north eastern 
part of the Eastern Sovereign 
Base Area (ESBA) of Cyprus. 
Larnaca is the nearest large 

skills they have acquired will 
quickly be lost 

We accept that, in the 
present state of recruitment, it 
would not be possible for 9 
Signal Regiment to cany out 
its role without employing a 
considerable number of under 
21 year olds. 

The choice then lies be- 

town available to the service- tween recommending that no- 
men. one under 21 should be 

The Regiment is manned by employed on such duties and 
members of all three armed accepting a substantial reduc- 
services. together with a . tion in the capability of the 
substantial civilian compo- Regiment, or accepting the 
nenL It is unique. The additional hazard of employ- 
combination ofa joint service mg young people on the work 

unit with all service elements and maintaining the opera- 
under the command of an tional capability of the 
Army officer and a large. Regiment. 

civilian contingent sets the 
Regiment, apart 

The work is of such im- 
portance that the right choke 

It is easy to understand the is to continue to maintain 
consternation, that was felt their iuD operational toe and 
when, at the beginning of to accept the risk involved and 
1 984, a number of servicemen the extra effort needed to 
serving in 9 Signal Regiment maintain personnel security, 
apparently admitted to very We recommend, however, 
serious breaches of security that the Ministry of Defence 
wbicb included giving oral strive, wherever possible, to 
information about their work avoid posting very young 
and handing over secret docu- servicemen to such sensitive 
ments to unauthorized locations as Cyprusl 
persons. No one can be employed on 

These admissions were in- work of this nature unless he 

vestigated first by the RAFs Jy? ThoucPw^S 
Provost and Security Services XSf^TPJO- is^a 
reinforced by the Royal MHi- v ?'f a ^ 
taiy Police, and at a later stage slways b»n re^^ized that it 

the investigation was taken ca ^ DOt r^_ r ^^^- asa ® uar " 
over by the Metropolitan Pol- 

ice Special Branch. The in- ^etow^^tbeiwuew 
vestigation brought to light a toMu^ofDefrace 

number of sXity weak- 
nesses in 9 Signal Regiment 

which called for an immediate Jog? 

review of the state of security 5^KJ“*£ 

in the ReaimenL than those who were the 

in the Regiment subject of the criminaI 

The problems of personnel proceedings. As a result of this 
security faced by 9 Signal review, nine clearances were 
Regiment are formidable, withdrawn. The reasons for 
They arise in the first place the withdrawal of clearances 
from the feet that many of were: 
those serving in the Regiment • in six cases, a combination 
are so young. of ^responsibility, unreliabil- 

• in six cases, a combination 
of ^responsibility, imreliabil- 

Ideally, no-one should be ity, and immaturity; 

Disposal review on 
secret documents 

We were told that, in 1984, 
9 Signal Regiment were han- 
dling a very large number — 
running into tens of thou- 
sands — of classified docu- 
ments each day. 

The normal rules which 
apply in a UK-based Govern- 
ment department for record- 
ing and accounting would be 
impractical, and the strict 
application of them would 
quickly bring the whole opera- 
tion to a halt Special pro- 
visions are therefore necessary 
to ensure that the risk of any 
loss is minimised. 

These provisions consist of 
ensuring, first that only ma- 
terial which is strictly relevant 
to its work is passed to and 
from the unit; secondly, that 
only essential documents are 
retained; and thirdly, that 
documents which are not 
required are destroyed as 
quickly as posable. 

We therefore noted, with 
approval, that a thorough 
review of the distribution .and 
classification of sensitive sig- 
nal traffic was carried out in 
1984, designed to limit the ' 
distribution list to a strict 
"need to know” basis and to 
do everything possible to see 
that material was not over 

This review resulted in a 
reduction of approximately 
one-third in the volume of 
material passing through the 
unit • 

At certain static commu- 
nications units tbe number of 
documents is being signifi- 
cantly reduced by the in- 
troduction of Automatic Data 
Processing (ADP) which. 

stores the information on 

We were tod that, although 
the system in Cyprus will not 
easily lend itself to the use of 
ADP, studies are in hand to 
see to what extent such tech- 
niques can be introduced at 9 
Signal Regiment 

Most of the material which 
comes into 9 Signal Regiment 
is of value for a very limited 
time and is often destroyed 
within one day. 

Only a fraction needs to be 
retained and accounted for; 
but the rules must ensure that 
documents which need to be 
kept are properly recorded 
and stored, and that the vast 
amount which has to be 
destroyed is destroyed prop- 
erty in accordance with clearly 
written, and strictly observed, 

All waste material produced 
in the Technical Block is 
ultimately disposed of by 
burning. Some -of the veiy 
highly classified waste' is 
shredded before being incin- 
erated and this has .some 

For example, shredding ma- 
chines can oe installed close 
beside an operator, who can 
dispose of a document and 
record its destruction without 
having to pass it to a second 
person to whom he must then 
entrust the responsibility for 
correct disposal. 

For reasons such as this, the 
investigating teams made 
recommendations for addi- 
tional shredders to be pro- 
vided in certain areas. 

The British 

cleared indited Geoffrey Jones, left, Christopher Payne, centre, and Wayne Kriehn. 

employed on this type of work 
until be is reasonably mature, 
and certainly over the age of 
21. We have, however, re- 
ceived evidence from tbe Min- 
istry of Defence, and tbe 
Services that it would not be 
possible to implement such a 

The work is difficult and 
.requires a high degree of 
concentration and slnH_ ft is 
not easy to attract those with 
the necessary qualifications 
and aptitude to join the Ser- 
vices and to undertake the 
necessary training. 

Those who are suitable for 
training almost invariably 
join in their late teens and sign 
on for short engagements of 
six or nine years. It takes 
about a year to complete the 
training and those who com- 

. » Ning Ning, a Filipino nightclub hostess 

PR&L tSMBI alleged to have been involved with the 

Martin Toffy, left, Anthony Glass, centre left, Gwynfor Owen, centre right, and Adam Lightowler were also cleared. charged men. 

• in two cases, sexual nn- should have been revealed at in these agencies should in- weakness in personnel sec- propriety and heavy drinking tainly have resulted in the 

. . an earlier PV review. elude interviews with in- uriry in 9 Signal Regiment was that emerged during the withdrawal of PV clearance 

• m me remanung cam, a In our report on the case of dependent persons in addition how little seemed to be know course of the inquiry came as a and removal from durv 

comomatiqn oraicohot abuse Geoffrey Arthur Prime we to the referees named by the about the off duty behaviour complete shock to them. The principal lesson that 

anamoanaaJ irresponsibility, reco mm e nd ed that a more applicant of tbe other ranks in the If they had known about his emerges on this aspect of 

mere was no evidence^ rigorous standard of PV These more rigorous stan- Regiment. behaviour, it would have re- security is that in future, tar 

to suggesa. uiataaiy oc needed to be adopted in the dards, now. referred to as The officers and senior non- vealed character weaknesses greater effort must tw made to 
intelligence and security agen- Enhanced PV (EPV% have commissioned officers we that, in a Cyprus setting with monitor the off-dutv behav- 

recunty ol the Regiment or • cies and that the procedures been adopted. interviewed ail told us that the its temptations and risks of tour of those engaged upon 

tnat tne character delects for applicants for employment It struck us that the real revelations of sexual im- blackmail, would almost cer- such duties in Cvprus. 




. * 

(So do we. 71.5 mph with the Mistral behind us.) 


(Yes, we’ve got four of those as well.) 


(You get the power of two grown-up horses in our little thoroughbred.) 


(With bumpers front and rear we’ve been a protected species for years.) 


(We’ve got a hole in the middle too. It’s called a sunroof.) 


(Nice huts, but will they last as long as a 2CV?) 


(What a sensible litde name.) 

. The Citroen 2CV Dolly (now in blue and yellow) at £3,245. For your nearest 
dealer dial 100 and ask for Freefone Citroen UK or write to Citroen Freepost at. the address below: 

Ask your dealer about 0%»» finance available throughout November. 

CRCIhUn CD «R£:Ft5l itV.'A NS Irff £■«£€% X* 5i\3 :CWS»KA.i»>«i .’C» ChA’ tiTiM.UK «*£ j COWS ! AT U* 0* C00BG TGTOtS&UID iWVJH. L«i M< WORHDFWWI WWSSM BtLR iHDWiHKBPlfllt If »1« FMMCC W LR SboJttT to 

C«!»-7ACCE?f«CC VE*5J4fttf>Sb-;- AVS»^iSl«R£0irW«6A:ii£i'l6Ir<Wu0M£.7P0nkCIIIlJ'I fitl DNItfOOEil CKIBAK'UESTiiCRaJ'' TRA*ftttTO»CM«KPEP0* 31)19 KM WK "!■?!» 




puich i 



s reliable a 

rinters were 

as reliable as Epsons. 

India were without Kapil! 

Dev, because of a bruised £tn-| 

Perhtpf me only daa ppo is t-j 

fifwt of the f Ki w ip i iwri i ijw f r nwv 

the British point of view wn the ; 
defeat of Ade Mate in the 200' 
metres at the hands of that food 1 
i American «p r m n»r Mrf T itnw y , 
| It wasiD this Oxford sac&tmtiai! 
\ time last year that Ade firsthit the ■ 
1 by eating Lattmy Irk { 

| yesterday be was not mestaBy 1 
| tm^d for another big race ao soon { 

ger, a legacy of the first Test, \ 
and England omitted Chris ) 
[Cowdrey and fielded three} 

[Spacemen^ / BrightonEven i ng Argus 



! Seek a POOF READER 1 

for their Word. Process-; 
; ing Department. i 

I MADRID. (R) — CXhoBc) 
! nun* the Mason of J**u*. i 

after bb *flver medal pexfor- , 

Mary and Joseph, wkh a »k*j 
vision. success behind them ; 
i and Mother Superior Fraud*- \ 
jea at the guitar, are | 

- here for fame and fortune In j 
the pope charts. 

Evening Past 

mance in the world indoor 
in Pans last weekend. ^ 

The Observer 

; Dead-eye Stewart Fraser, who ^7 
i got three against the league of 1 
1 Ireland recently, atterapied a 

The Standard 

{ GREENWOLD, Floreacc May. - : 
i Late of 163 Bagbolt Road, Cokhes- j 
i ter. A'riniple, kind, and Jtmny old • 
■ lady who died with great (fenny at j 
4 ‘Ambksde’, Wood Lane, Fbrdham 
; Heath, Colchester on Saturday, April : 
I 3, 1982 at 3.10pm. Loved by family , 
4 and friends who knew her will. T 

; Ireland recently, atterapied a 
shit from 20 yards, but was so 
aide of the target that tv 
schist! v found Carlyle with bis 
attempt The outside-right, was 
so surprised at the “ pass ** that 
be made a mess of his shot at 

Essex County Standard 


businessman. ■ 

widower. aged 44. » 
usual trappings, non- j 
smoker with varied i 
Interests, seeks affec- ) 
tionate. understanding ; 
female to shave the ' 
enjoyable things In ( 
life. Box No. 4881. ) 
Yorkshir e Post Ltd.. ; 

What Mrs Thatcher’s closest l 

i friends are wondering is whether, ) 
I as the signs suggest, she is begin ( 
£ ninx to suffer from metal fatigue./ 

1 The conference s Attitude ; 
wts indicated by the almost : 
total lack of applause after/ 
Mr Wilson's 30-minute : 

‘ speech while Engineering* 
\ Union leader Bryan. Stanley : 
f was greeted with sustained/ 
j crapping when he put the/ 

I anti-common market case. . 


After you have prepared your chips why » 
not ac the same time fry a couple of pisso- ■ 
les while the Cat is stiB hoc ? 

T og e th er with some salad, cut-up coma- 
toes and an cn. you sow have a delicious 

toes and an egg. you now have 
_ hoc lunch. _ . 

Richard Burton / 
to teach English) 

at Oforxd 

Times of Zambia 

The Scotsman 

The Grauniad 

| A remittance prince? While the British! 
\ press speculates that Prince Andrew is) 
| heing sent to Lakefieid College School to) 
5 help Canada through a constitutional crisis ,\ 
I our sources tell us that the real reaxon for ; 
\ the prince’s being sent tb Cannadda in : 
t midterm is that heb xng bi& ng S! ( ( prondi i 
i iic456— % BN0Thb;t eppty whhhhhhenn ' } 
I e9090 ()() whch isssn’t too sprising to those/ 
| who know the boy’s private interests. » 

; HOW dare Ian Craig report- 
■ that the Conservative party- 
1 conference was inspired by ; 
J Dave Eager's \ - daft.- 
I speech.” / 

I (Mrs) M E Booth. Clayton. 

FOOTNOTE: Sorry. A tech- 
nical fanlL It should have ; 
read “ deft” instead of! 

Manchester Evening New 

Toronto Sun 

'THAT OLD Made magic has * 
fiaaDy worked its spefl oa . 
Highgate's owa wicked witch •- 
David Farrant. He has fallen 
ia love — and he says he’s 
j gxviag ip witchcraft for ever. 

I The girl who has lured; 
9 Farrant away from midnight 
| rituals in Highgate cemetery- 
* is 26-year-old Nancy O’Hoski, ; 
3 a sppepeech therapist from* 

L Gri msby^ ' * " 1 1 

r a r-wi Hornsey journal 

' Kil Patterson, Carfisk’s } 
I clerk of the course, says: ‘The ' 
j prospects for racing are very . 
* remote. There is snot and frost 
| on the course and we will hold] 
I an ins pection at noon toraor -/ 

Herald Express 

{ Five thugs last night pulled the I 

i British passenger ship Capetown; 
Castle clear of the sandbank on \ 
which she went aground at Flush-/ 
ing early yesterday. ^ 

Irish News and Belfast Morning News 

A bottle of whisky and a 
bottle of sherry, together worth 
£3 IBs. were stolen by a gurglar 
who forced a window of a house 
in Granfield Avenue. Iiadcliffe- 
on -Trent, last night. 

I LEWISHAM Leisure Centre is j 
about to launch a new set of/ 
courses. \ 

Each of the weekly courses — all/ 
but one containing sex sessions — '■ 
begins at the ce ntre in R ennell Street! 
kin September. ' ~ "'“ l " ■ 

Nottingham Evening Post and Standard 

Thought For Today 

The whle wrod is in a 

is in a state of chassis. ) 

■*" — — Sean O* Casey/ 

The Rising Nepal — a _ ^ 

Lewisham Outlook 

GIBS OK ILile Baron, UAL]. Biduri Patrick TaHenlym GOmob; / 
So^'of^Tnornety Carbuic Gibson. B. Feb. 6 a< 1U9; : ed. Eton i«d » 

f Son of Tftornety Carhutt Gilison. B. 6. ™ J 

\ Maartnira CulL Oxford; cn. July 14 1945, Slisabvth of t 

5 Hun- Oive Person. LoniSon Stuck Exchange l!J37. Served Middx, t 

Ct-ry'n. 1*wS-6d and 1973. Dir. Financial Times Ltd. ISSLChrmn. ; 
1075. Dir. Ecunomisl 1957. Da- S. Pearson & Son I960, Dc?- l 
Chnnn. 1069. Chnnn. Pwiv* Lonpman 1967. Chnrm^Arti co unci l ^ 
of Great Britain 1972-77. Chnnn.-«l<<t Nalwmd Ftpnt. Caxs- \ 
Bencher. Address, 7'tt Lett Gibson, ram’s Rods, r.rooml>rulge, j 
Sussex . BfMks’s and Gsrrlck Cluhs. ■ 

While sympathising with [ 
- the miners and arguing the ■' 
j British government could '• 
i have acted to end the strike, j 
/Jessica I.arive-Groenendaa) ) 
1 (Neth) said she and her ; 
? liberal colleagues could not { 
4 support a strike called without / 
1 a ballet 

European Parliament News 

Publishers Correction 

1978 Edition of 

Dod's Parliamentary Companion 

v Reference to Lord Gibson's biography i 
7 on page 122; for National Front read 1 

f Dapper eloquent Mr. \ 
\ Thorpe strenuously denies ; 
1 charges that , with three \ 
j other accused men, he plot - j 
: s ted the murder of Normal ) 
j Scott, who claims that he i 
1 end the politician were once ) 
I homosexual lovers. i 

/ During Ihc month of May, / 
i Henckcy’s steak bar willbe j 
I supporting the Mayor’s appeal * 
1 for £45,000 towards an ( 
$ Emisonic Scanner for ' 
V Windsor’s King Edward* VII ■ 
j Hospital. i 

/ For every customer who dies 

in the bar during the month, \ 
20p will be donated towards the / 


Staines Informer 

Athens News 

{Arresting sight 

? DOG KENNEL, suit medium sized dog. [ 
Good condition. Very turdy. Buyer col-* 

United goalkeeper, Stepney/? 
ent full length to save from . 
ector and then, in the l8th .' 

J lects£9.99. 19 Beaupre Ave, Outwell, after/ 
( 6 pm or weekends. 69W? 

[Hector and then, in the J$th 
[minute, saved an almost cer- 
'tain goal when he bravely i 
died at the feet of Davies. ) 

| SUPER-SLIMMER PC Michael Sykes, from . 
t Bradford. Yorks, has gone from 165 stone ^ 
p\a 15 stone. He says: “The hardest thing , 
i is that every advert on TV ssems to be/ 
? (or food. : 

f GREQ NORMAW. hot UVOtlriU . 
* for the Card Cla»*ic at Royal t 
J Porthoawt, mlwd a fturinch 
J putt on the 11 th green yaeter* J 
) day. j 

I The blind Australian tried to / 

int hi*™ — " . 

tap in the tWdler one-handed } 

Wisbech Standard 

The Gloucester Citizen ° 

^ " But my wife has joined me and that's .* 

j help ed. She's lost half a stone in a we e^*J 

The Sunday People 

J The operation to trap the / 
i gang began on Friday when a j 
i man arrived from Morocco on a ; 
Scar ferry His car was followed/ 

to Prestwick 

where police 

The Grauniad 

| Enkalon is to get £1,500.000 j 
via the Northern Ireland Office/ 
• to keep the textiles and carpet/ 
yarn factory open for another) 

111 The Daily Getelarph 

IrmOMPHE, 92. Champs-Elysees. Bal. 45-76 ) 
_?M* Geome-V Seances • Mh. 16h 18h. 20h • 

5M* Geo^ge-V Seances • Mh. 16h 18h. 20h ; 
1 22b. Film : 25 mn apres. Sam et veiJles de ■ 
| files ; seance suppl. a 24h. W. ; 14 F. C.O. ? 
j □ EMMANUELLE (EngUsli SuMIUm) • 

L’Officiel des Spectacles (Paris) 

tmp in in* i«n»*** w , T V / 

but hit fiM ground with hit , 

nuttor and only just movbd tM J 

b«IL ^ 77 — ' 

- , Sporting Life 



) diaries j 


i >u Spandau: The secret diaries *' i 
1 will be one of the outsund" ) 
1 ing books of 1976. ExtMett f 
i will appear only in THE ; 

Short Course 11-13 
October 1978. 

i PETER Daislcy of Dusky ( 
Associates Limited, con- j 

with the London College of j 
Printing in orgtnismg a 
Quality Control in P rinting f 
short course. > m0mm m 

Journal and Graphic Review 

LORD Snowdon greeted Prin- 
cess Margaret as Ac flew aao\ 
Heathrow today iwtb a wetoant- / 
mg hiss — V, ,m i— — ^ 

Evening M*3 

On the bottle | 

Lights test 
aims to 

spot dyslexia 

? As he follows lines of print, > 
ithe normal reader moves his) 

inmn ctn» tn dhcAfk nna nr ! 

’eyes jump, stop to absorb one or j 

i pvnp < irnnn enn rn ahenrh nno nr ‘ 

ieyqes jump, sop to absorb one or \ 
Imore words, then jump again.; 
/ The fast reader will make \ 
i shorter stops and fewer jumps, } 
I taking in more words more ! 
( quickly than the slow reader. ) 

The Sunday Tunes 

PALACE. S cc. 01-437 6834. From! 
I Sept. l/. The Fabulous New Production { 



.< ; it 

■ W mi 


\\ iil ‘hes 

in i ,Llsl _ 

..... «r a -V3 

h* mm ■ 


. -rn.:-# 


-.ia dc 

•f Till 

Mi I 


‘[hi' li 

hi ha: 


■ m 

- • * w 

The Times 


i vr ydsterdiy became the Vnst t 

w yehsterd«y became the first 1 
oT those teams at the top or. the f 
bottom to have their fate settled \ 
when they were relegated to the > 
Second Division. United’s First / 
Division life, slowly ebbing away i 
since the start of the season, f 
came to a painful end at Totten- \ 
ham, where they were ham- / 
mered 54) through goals by ( 
Willie Young, Jihn 0u«£ \ 
Steve Ferryman (2) and Fartln ) 
Chivers. ... _ V 

- * '■ 

. : 7 : 

V ; * 

... -4 

The Sunday Tunes 

■■ ' ■4 1 

: j 

Make no mistake — Epson printers are the most 
reliable type in the world. 

The only time they everstrike is when theirprint 
heads hit the paper. The superb-quality LQ250Q will 
do this 200 million times before it gives out, and even 
the most basic model can manage 100 million. 

An Epson will always make sure you look the 
part - but with any other printer, you could end up 
looking the prat ^pgQ|^ 

: m 

' s i 

-'■'ms il 

R)r further information on the Epson computer printer range 

ei then write to Epson (UK.) Limited. Freepost. Birmingham B3758R- 

contact Prestel '280#; or dial 100 and ask for Fredbnc Epson. 



■*m, mum 1 nj 0>il 
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s ,Js| ■ v ‘’ 5 *' 

Dutch general 
loses Nato post 

J£X?* ~ A seni0T OnteS general bas been removed 
•roj* bw top Nato post because of his inability to work tp- 
gethw with his mteraaUoaal staff (Frederick Bonnart 

r«Btfenani-Ceoaiil Gerard Berkhof was appomled 
p Staff of the HQ of Allied Forces Central Europe in 

rewnary, bat his way of working led to friction in his staff 
to roch an extent that his superior, General Leopold 
f-nainpa “ West Genmny, to ask the Dutch Ministry of 
Defence to withdraw him. 

. ^“* eral Chalnpa commands aH toe Nato military forces 
m the central regioa, including the British Army of toe 
iciune and all the US, Belgian. Canadian and Dutch forces 
stationed in West Germany. 


Choking the Invalides in protest 


Wife dies 
in blast 

Dhaka - A bomb ex- 
ptedest at the house of a 
prominent opposition lea- 
der in Chitti:. -»ng yes- 
terday, killing Mrs Mohi- 
isddin Chonwdhnry, the 
wife of the local chief of 
the Awami league, (Ah- 
med Fazl writes). 

Two people were fa Iren 
to hospital in critical 



Macbgara, Lebanon 
(AFP)— Syrian forces and 
pro-Iranian fhndanmital- 
ist Hezbollah mililiemew 
have e x changed prisoners 
seized on Tuesday in tit- 
for-tat actions. 

The swap was prefaced 
by the arrival iff a 
Hezbollah detachment 
armed with heavy artil- 

Minister faces trial 

Madrid — A Spanish court yesterday ordered Setter 
■ Demetrio Madrid, the 50-year-old Socialist Chief Minister 
of Castile-Ledn. to stand trial on charges of fraodnleatiy 
selling a family textile business (Richard Wlgg writes). 

The action had been brought against him |y II women 
factory workers, who claim they were left unpaid after the 
• sale of the business, which had gone bankrupt. 

The majority of the workers were dismissed without the 
compensation required under Spain's labour laws dating 
from the Franco era. 

This is the first time since Spain established the 17 
autonomous regions that a chief minister has been sent for 

Iran debt Holiday 

pact near in depth 

„ _ Helsinki (AFP) - The 

Plans (AFP) — France state-owned Valmet ship- 
and Iran have taken an yard in Tnrkn hac gfgwd a 
important step towards deal with an American 
resolving a lingering fi n an - company to build a tourist 
rial dispute centring on a anhmagfam capable of tak- 
Slbn loan from Tehran to mg 46 passestgera down to 
the French Atomic Energy a depth of 325 ft. The 50 ft 
C ommissioB in 1974. N© vessel will be used for trips 
details were given. hi the western Pacific. 

7 the lucky number 

Obernrsel, West Germany (AP) — An 81 -year-old West 
German woman willed her fortune of £1S(MNN) to the EunOy 
in her borne town with the most minor children. 

The woman, Fran Elsie Benke, who lived quietly in this 
Tamms mountain dty north of Frankfurt, stipulated only 
that the family most have at least ‘‘seven minor children.” 

A family has been found meeting the requirements with 
seven children between toe ages of 18 months amt seven 
■ years. Bat there is still time f®r others to apply. 

More than 200 French removal vans choked the centre of Paris yesterday. Mocking the Place des Invalides and the 
Alexandre HI Bridge, to protest against new public allowance cots for families moving house. 

Pretoria blamed for Machel’s 
death but not the plane crash 

From Michael Hornsby 

Leaders of the six black- 
ruled frontline states in south- 
ern Africa yesterday Mamed 
the Pretoria Government for 
the death of President Machel 
of Mozambique but stopped 
short of accusing it of causing 
the plane crash in w h ich he 
died on October 19. 

Answering questions after 
the summit was over, Presi- 
dent Kaunda of Zambia, the 
group's current chairman, 
said, however, that “a number 
of our governments hold the 
South African government di- 
rectly responsible for this 
tragedy until they prove the 

President Kaunda also dis- 
missed as “nothing new” 
Tuesday’s “declaration of 
war" on Zimbabwe by the 
Rename insurgents in 
Mozambique. “The so-called 
declaration of war was really a 
question iff ’his master's 
voice*. They were telling the 
world what Sooth Africa has 

Mubarak silences opponents 
with admission of torture 

Even the super-critical 
Egyptian opposition parties 
were amazed when President 
Mubarak's Government 
admitted that the security 
authorities had been using 
torture against political 

Mr Mubarak has claimed 
that he “truly believes in 
democracy", yet the 
announcement by the Egyp- 
tian prosecutor general that 
criminal proceedings would 
commence against 41 police- 
men for torturing imprisoned 
Islamic fundamentalists was 

The small opposition 
groups in Egypt, who regularly 
complain- that elections are 
rigged and that Mr Mubarak 
has no interest in real demoo 
racy, were for once reduced to 
silence. Their low circulation 
newspapers had for months 
been alleging that such torture 
was taking place, but when Mr 
Mohamed Abdul Aziz el- 
Guindy. the State Prosecutor, 
made his announcement, the 
newspaper of the New Wafd 
Party praised ■ him for bis 
“very bold” act, adding only 
that it hoped to see further 

When the revelations of 
torture were first made by the 
papers. Mr Fouad Scrag d- 
Din, the leader of the New 
Wafd Party, demanded the 
immediate dismissal of Gen- 
eral Zaki Badr, the Interior 
Minister appointed by Mr 
Mubarak after the security 
police riots last February. _ 
Amid the growing claims 
that fundamentalist detainees 
have been subjected to sexual 
abuse, electric shocks and 
severe beatings. General Badr 
is fas: becoming as much a 
hate figure as was his dis- 
missed predecessor. General 
Ahmed Rushdy. But opposi- 
tion ■ concern for the fun- 
damentalists probably has as 
much to do with its own lack 
of political support as it does 
with human rights. 

Swiss bicycle 
troops want 
new mounts 

Geneva — Neutral Switzer- 
land. methodically moderniz- 
ing its conventional arm- 
aments in this thermonuclear 
age. is seeking new mounts for 
its bicycle battalions (Alan 
McGregor writes). 

The current bicycle dates 
from 1905. The Defence Min- 
istry says manufacturing spa- 
ns for it has become 
uneconomic and an identical 
new one now costs £600. 

From Robert Fisk, Cairo 

Yet they consistently claim 
that their support will never 
be reflected at the polls be- 
cause their leaders' are con- 
vinced that elections are 
rigged by the Government. On 
October i, the five opposition 
parties refused to put up 
candidates for elections to the 
Egyptian upper house, the 
Majlis el-Shura, thus ensuring 
President Mubarak’s New 
Democratic Party (NDP) a 
ludicrous 98 per cent of the 
votes. The figure — which was 
reminiscent of the results of 
the fraudulent elections held 
under President Nasser — thus 
destroyed the credibility of the 
NDFs victory. 

According to Mr Ehwi 
Hafez, a member of the 
Wafd's High Council, the 
Majlis el-Shura has in any case- 
no representative function, 
being “a family council as the 
late President Sadat intended 
it to be ... a council for his 
family to collect people loyal 
to him and give them salaries 
and privileges and enable 
them to enhance their per- 
sonal interests.” 

Yet the conviction that the 
polls are rigged is a very real 
one. Mr Mustafa Murad, the 
leader of the Liberal Party — 
which has no seats in the 
parliamentary assembly — in- 
sists there can be no proper 

General Badn demands for 
his dismissal. 

elections until independent , 
judges replace police officials ! 
at toe 22,000 ballot stations 
throughout Egypt and until 
ballot papers are afloted by 
name rather than handed oat 
anonymously to voters. 

“We have got two out of 21 
fundamentalist groups to give 
their support to us,” he says. 
“But making them understand 
what we are trying to do can be 
difficult We had a meeting at 
our party office in Chnbra the 
other day and one of the 
fundamentalists shouted: ‘We 
must kill mubaraL’ 

“I said to him: ‘You are 
mad. If you kin Mubarak, 
someone else will come along 
and they will hang you and 
that will be toe end. You 
cannot have everything Is- 
lamic — there are many Chris- 
tian people in Egypt who 
won't have that and many 
liberal people who don’t want 
it. You must work within toe 
democratic system. Don’t try 
to overthrow the 
Government.’ But for this 
persuasion to work, Mubarak 
has to make the elections 

The NDP did try to amelio- 
rate toe results of toe recent 
election by offering its oppo- 
nents some of toe 35 seals 
distributed by appointment 
rather than election, but only 
Mr Ahmed Sabahi. toe leader 
of the Ununa Party which is 
fundamentalist orientated, 
has accepted. 

For toe present, therefore, 
the five orthodox opposition 
groups in Egypt remain a 
noisy though comparatively 
powerless political force. 
Their existence has certainly 
helped to break down the 
walls of fear which President 
Nasser erected around Egypt’s 
political life. But the suspicion 
remains that they provide 
merely a valve for the ex- 
pression of disconlenf against 
the monolithic party appa- 
ratus run by the president. 

Americans considering 
radio swap with Russia 

From Mohsan AH, Washington 

US and Soviet officials have 
held talks ahned at negotiating 
an unusual exchange of radio 

Mr Charles Wick, director 
of toe United States Informa- 
tion Agency (USIA) said that 
the tentative idea was to 
broadcast Voice of America 
programmes on Soviet domes- 
tic stations. In exchange for 
toe right to cany Moscow 
radio programmes on stations 


Mr Wick met Mr Alek- 
sandr Yakovlev, the Soviet 
Communist Party secretary in 
Charge of propaganda, in 
Reykjavik during toe s ummi t 

In an interview with The 
New York Tates, Mr Wick 
said that as a result of these 
talks be was finding oat 
whether an American radio 
network was willing to allocate 
time to Moscow radio 

already done,” he said. 

Zimbabwe has had troops 
deployed here for several 
years in support of Mozam- 
bique government forces. 
Their numbers are put at 
anywhere between 6,000 and 
12,000 men. President 
Kaunda's jibe about “his 
master’s voice” reflects toe 
belief of Mack-ruled states in 
the region that Renamo is 
supported by, and acts as a 
proxy for, South Africa. 

It was toe first meeting of 
toe frontline states - Angola, 
Botswana, Mozambique, Tan- 
zania, Zam bia and Zimbab we 

— since President Macbd’s 
death. Their leaders were in 
Maputo for his state funeral 
on Tuesday and prolonged 
their stay by one extra day. 

In their formal commu- 
nique toe leaders declared that 
President Machel “fell victim 
to apartheid, which carries out 
acts of aggression and de- 
stabilization and murders of 
innocent ritfeens in this 

- President Kaunda later 

went further, claiming that 
“there is sufficient circum- 
stantial evidence available for 
us to hold South Africa di- 
rectly responsible ... We are 
aware that the plane was being 
monitored by South African 
radar. We also know that 
electronically these days it is 
possible to tamper with any 
machine like an aircraft We 
are not impressed by toe 
crocodile tears of toe two 
Bothas. Men who have no 
respect for their fellow human 
beings on grounds of colour 
cannot be expected to 
mourn ” 

It was possibly significant 
that President Kaunda, who 
said that he and other 
frontline leaders had been 
fully briefed about the crash 
by toe Mozambicans, made 
no reference to suggestions 
aired- earlier, particularly by 
toe press in Zimbabwe, that 
President Machel's plane 
might have been shot down. 

viet airman who survived the 

Machel plane crash 10 days 
ago was flown bock to Maputo 
yesterday after being dis- 
charged from a South African 
military hospital in Pretoria 
(Ray Kennedy writes). 

But Mr R F(Pik) Botha, toe 
South African Foreign Min- 
ister, said the Mozambique 
government bad been told he 
may be required to return to 
South Africa to give evidence 
before a judicial inquiry into 
toe cause of the disaster. 

Mr Botha's statement 
identified Mr Vladimir Nov- 
oselovas toe flight engineer on 
board President Machel's 
Soviet-built Tupolev-134 jet 

There has been confusion so 
far about whether he was the 
pilot of the aircraft but Mr 
Botoa's statement appears to 
make it clear that toe pilot did 
not survive. 

There is a growing im- 
patience in Pretoria over 
claims that South Africa was 
to blame for the crash. 

Leading article, pagel9 

uraystomake mom 


, -S. • S. 

\ ta. ' 

put clamp 
on arms 

From Ian Murray 

New regulations aimed at 
restricting the operations of 
Israel's 800 or so private, bat 
authorized, arms dealers 
around the world have just 
been approved in the Knesset. 

They were drawn up after a 
series of scandals, largely 
unearthed in toe United 
States, including an alleged 
multi-millkHMfoliar plot by a 
consortium led by a retired 
Israeli brigadier to smuggle a 
huge arms shipment to Inm. 

Until now arms dealers have 
been able to operate legiti- 
mately once they obtained a 
letter of accreditation from the 
Ministry of Defence. 

In future no sale can even 
start without an individual 
permit being issued showing 
the names of the dealer, toe 
potential pnrehaser and any 
intermediaries, along with the 
type and quantity of weapons 
involved. Before the final con- 
tract is signed a dealer will 
requires second permit setting , 
out toe terms of toe sale, , 

including details of bow pay- 
ment is to be made. 1 

Explaining toe new regula- 
tions to toe Foreign Affairs 
and Defence Committee of toe 1 
Knesset, Mr Yitzhak Rabin, | 
toe Defence Minister, said 
they would make it possible to 
keep a central record of all 
deals under negotiation or 

All existing 800 or so letters 
of accredits non from toe Min- 
istry of Defence have been 
invalidated by the new proce- 
dure and can no longer be used 
by a dealer as proof that he is 
operating legitimately. 

“What the arms dealers 
were carrying until now were 
blank cheques, in a manner of 
speaking, and we had no 
supervision over their allairs.” 
Mr Rabin said. 

It is likely that toe Knesset 
will also set np its own body to 
supervise national policy on 
arms exports. 

says Army 

Islamabad (Reuter) - A 
senior Afghan Army officer 
said yesterday that he had 
defected to toe ami-govern- 
ment Muslim rebels two 
weeks ago. and painted a grim 
picture of toe deteriorating 
military situation inside the 
country. t 

Colonel Mir HashmatulUto, 
aged 43. deputy commander 
of a division stationed be- 
tween Kabul and toe border 
with Pakistan, said here that 
he had become a convinced 
anti-communist since toe 
Soviet military intervention 
in 1979. 

Colonel HashmaiuUah, who 
reached Pakistan with his wife 
and three children a few days 
ago, said he had joined toe 
radical Muslim Hczb-e-Islami 
group, one of toe main guer- 
rilla organizations fighting the 
Soviet-backed government in 

. Referring to toe state of toe 
Afghan Army, he said the men 
did not want to fight the 
rebels, relations with the 
Soviet forces in the country 
were poor and the military 
situation was deteriorating. 

His defection 13 days ago 
was followed a week later by 
that of an Afghan Air Force 
pilOL who flew his Soviet-built 
MiG 21 jet fighter across the 
border to Pakistan. 

A Pakistani Foreign Min- 
istry spokesman said the plane 
would be kept here until the 
end of the “civil war” in 
Afghanistan, following stan- 
dard international practice. 

The spokesman said the 
pilot, identified by Afghan 
exiles as Lieutenant Muham- 
mad Daud. would be given 
political asylum. 

• Official killed: Mr 
Mohammad Ali Somim, a 
senior Afghan Communist 
Party leader, was buried on 
Tuesday at a large state fu- 
neral attended by top leaders 
toe day after he was killed by a 
land mine planted by guerril- 
las. the Afghan Government 
announced (AP reports). 

PLO dispute feared 

An attempt to secure ob- 
server status for toe Palestine 
Liberation Oiganization has 
raised toe prospect of further 
political disputes at toe Inter- 
national Red Cross conference 
(Alan McGregor writes). 

A letter requesting such 
recognition from a PLO repre- 
sentative accompanying toe 
Palestine Red Crescent delega- 

tion has been delivered here. 
The delegation is headed by 
Dr Fatoi Arafat, brother of the 
PLO presidenL 

As there is no precedent for 
observer status being granted 
to any such organization the 
conference bureau is not ex- 
pected to pass toe application 
to toe conference. 

>• a •• 


■' •• • 

V- < l - 


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Gold bullion, rare paintings, computers 
and fresh food were just some of the items seen 
boarding our planes. 

In all, British Airways carried 232,000 tonnes 
of freight and 41,000 tonnes of air mail last year 
No wonder we were voted Cargo Airline 
of the Year for the third year running by the 
readers of Air Cargo News International. 

And if that wasn’t enough, our competitors 
also contributed to a further £186 million for 
aircraft maintenance and other airline services. 

These included flight crew training and the 
development and provision of computer software 
and telecommunications. 

So it seems it’s not only our passengers who 
make us the world’s favourite airline. 

Last year we flew nearly 20 million people 
to destinations all around the world. 

But none of them contributed to over 
£450 million of our revenue. Our successful 
Cargo division made sales of £268 million alone. 

Quite a few cats, fish and birds travelled 
with British Airways Cargo. (The most popular 
mode of transport since the Ark.) 

British Airways 

Britain’s highest flying company 




Beirut TV 
shows film 
of baby 
for hostage 

From Joan Carlos Gamocio 

If Islamic Jihad were in a 
good mood, Mr Terry Ander- 
son. the American journalist 
held hostage in Lebanon, 
probably had a chance Iasi 
night to watch a one-minmc 
videotape of the baby daugh- 
ter he has never seen. 

Lebanese television broad- 
cast the film, a touching 
birthday greeting, after news- 
papers gave advance notice. 

Mr Anderson, the chief 
Middle East correspondent of 
the Associated Press, was 39 
on Monday. The film showed 
16-month-old Sulome The- 
resa Anderson in a white dress 
hugging and kissing her 
father's smiling portrait while 
her mother read a message: 
“Terry darling, happy birth- 
day, my love. 1 miss you very 
much. Our daughter misses 
you too. She knows you. she 
calls ‘Papa-Dada' all the lime 
and showers your picture with 
kisses~She is a good gitl and a 
great comfort with you awa. 
especially since she is so much 
like you. We want you with us. 
darling. God willing it will not 
be long." 

Mr Anderson was abducted 
in Beirut on March 16. 1985. 
• Camps fighting: More 
Sunni Muslim militiamen 
were deployed yesterday to 
halt Palestinian-Shia fighting 
at refugee camps in south 
Lebanon (Reuter reports). 





From Michael Hartnack 

Zimbabwe security police 
have detained four whites who 
are alleged to have formed a 
vigilante group and assaulted 
blacks after university stu- 
dents and Zaira (PF) youth- 
wing activists beat up white 
pedestrians and motorists in 
last Tuesday's riot here. 

The students reacted to 
reports that South Africa was 
responsible for the death of 
Mozambique's President 

Samora Machel by attacking 
South African and Malawian 
airline and diplomatic offices, 
and the United States 
Embassy-American diplomats 
have complained that police 
failed to intervene. 

About 50 white passers-by 
were beaten up, including re- 
porters and cameramen. 

University students said 
four of tbeir number were 
abducted and severely as- 

saulted by a group of nine 

white “vigilantes" while mak- 
ing their way back to the 

Police detained 98 students 
under the state of emergency 
daring the city centre violence, 
but later freeed them “pending 
further inquiries" so they 
could do their ejiamhiations. 

A police spokesman said the 
names of the four whites being 
detained would not be dis- 
closed while they were “help- 
ing police with inquiries". 

Vi * * s 

ti irx'v--: '• :r 

Guessing what the 
Old Man would do 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

There is a popular game 
among Israeli politicians and 
commentators called “What 
would the old man do?” It is a 
leadership game, in which the 
winner is the one who guesses 
what David Ben Gurioa, the 
grand old man of Israel, would 
have thought or said about a 
current problem. 

This is the year of Ben 
Gurioii's centenary and the 
game is now at its most 

At a special opening session 
of the Knesset on Monday, Mr 
Shtomo HfileL, the Speaker, 
argued that die Old Man 
today would be pressing hard 
for Israel to develop its agri- 
cultural system. 

Ben Gnrioa, he argued, was 
a pragmatic idealist who had 
been prepared to defy military, 
political and economic experts 
to remain true to Zionist 
hopes. For him those hopes 
lay in work, security, the 
conquest of the Negev Desert 
and in encouraging 
immig ration. 

Other players of foe game 
include Mr Shimon Peres, 

i Ben Gnrion was 
prepared to defy 
experts to remain 
true to Zionism 9 

who has personally chosen to 
pursue that idea of taming the 
Negev. Since stepping down as 
Prime Minister last week, he 
has taken over die chairman- 
ship of a special new commit- 
tee which is to concentrate on 
developing the desert 

Today, the dream Ben 
Gnrion had of settling the 
desert and turning it into a 
thriv ing area of the Jewish 
qtatp he founded is sdll a 
dream. For some of its early 
settlers it has become a 

According to Mr Aharon 

Vadim, secretary of the United 

Kibbutz Movement: "The 
Negev has become a periph- 
eral area. The number of 
people leaving exceeds those 
settling there* The problem is 
not one of money, bat one of 

According to the chairman 
of the Jewish National Front, 
Mr Mosbe Rivlin, every 
Negev town is losing popula- 
tion, factories and shops are 
closing, unemployment is ris- 
ing and thousands of apart- 
ments are standing empty. 

The Negev Assembly, which 
represents the area's settle- 
ments, threatened to boycott 
the Ben Gnrion centenary 
celebrations until Mr Peres 
gave a promise that he would 
personally ensured that die 
desert was high on the 
Government's list of priorities. 

The special Negev min- 
isterial committee has already 

been bombarded with com- 
plaints that the government 
has foiled to move industry 
south to oeate the jobs needed 
to realize Ben Gnrion's dream. 
Mr Peres is promising now to 
bnild a new settlement in the 
desert, K&r David, within the 
next two years. Fifteen volun- 
teer settler families are ready 
to move in, bnt the money will 
have to. come from overseas. 

Money amid soon come if 
the desert realizes its potential 
as the power plant for the 
nation. Mr Mosbe Shahal, die 
Energy Minister, has jnst 
announced a $26 million (£18 
million) plan to ba3d a five- 
megawatt power station in die 
desert, burning the oD shale 
found there to produce elec- 
tricity for the national grid. 

Ministry officials say that 
there are some 10 bfllioa tons 
of oO shale in the Negev, 
gwnngk to supply the country 
with electricity for the next 50 

Another $500,000 is to be 
spent prospecting for uranium 
and other ores, which could be 
pleatifnLA $1 million experi- 
mental wind turbine centre to 
test the energy potential of the 
hot desert winds is to go np. A 
$4 milli on solar energy re- 
search centre is also plumed. 

Scientific advance of this 
sort would certainly please 
Ben Gnrion, who founded 
University of the Desert 
centred on his home there at 
Sde Bokre. Ben Gnrion and 
his wife, Paula, are buried 
there, in a grave which looks 
out across the banes WHder- 
ness of Zin, which he dreamt 
of taming. 

For Mr Yitzhak Shamir, die 
new Prime Minister, the an- 
swer to the leadership game is 
to encourage and fight for the 
immigration of Jews from all 
over the world and then to 
settle them on the land. 

Economic growth, he told 
the Knesset in his inaagaral 
address last week, was essen- 
tial to the fatfibneat of the 
Zionist goals “above afi, Ali- 
yah ( immigration to Israel)*~ 

In his idea of a Ben Gnrioo- 
inspired Zionist economy he 
focused on “the supreme value 
of settlement throughout the 
land of IsraeL We will not 
discriminate between one part 
of the country and another 
just as there is me people of 
Israel, there is one land of 

His idea of settlement in- 
cfndes not only die Negev bnt 
the occupied territories. Mr 
Peres, only too aware of the 
problems this poses for the 
peace process, dreams of 
diverting settlement into the 
empty Negev, and be is doing 
afi be can to nse tbe dream of 
the Old Man to help him. 

The trouble with die game is 
that there is no way of 

knowing tbe comet answer. 

Ben Gnrion left behind him 
one of the most minutely 

detailed records of any great 
man's life. His diary, written 
in four copies, documents 
everything he did- and wrote 
from 1915 to his death in 1973. 
He even took notes of 
conversations he was having, a 
habit people found very dis- 
concerting as they sat with 

The result is that it is 
possible to find contradictory 
opinions and ideas sprinkled 
throughout his writing. There 

is comfort and criticism for alL 
His legacy, acquired by dint 
of stubborn single-minded- 
ness, is the very existence of 
tbe state of IsraeL Bnt leaders 
who look to him for guidance 
about how to nm the state of 
Israel today find contradictory 
Mfraikrir inspiration more of- 
ten than practical advice. 

Autumn windfalls 
from Sainsbury’s. 


Salisbury's Blended 
Whisky and 

SainsbinVs Home Produced ! 

Fresh Beef Mince 

per lb 


Salisbury's Lean Cubed 

Braising Steak 15-17ozs per lb £2 16 

English Cox’s Apples 

per lb 


Sainsbuty's Beans 
in Tomato Sauce 



Jacob’s Cream Crackers 200g 


Salisbury's Ready to Serve 
Soup (excluding Gourmet Soups) 150Z 


McVitie’s Jaffa Cakes 


Salisbury's Red Label 
Tea Bags (80) 

250 g 79p* 

Kellogg's All Bran 



Sainsbury’s Spanish 

75cl £2.69 


Bordeaj/, Super®* ■ 1 

• ^oduceorfranci' 

70 ci e 

*w*>oi i >.5% b, 

Sainsbur/s Irish Cheddar 

Flora (500g) 

57 p 

P Sainsbury’s 
Mincemeat (822g) 


m Tr'/ Robertsorfe 

Golden Shred (lib) 

Wholemeal .A 
Sliced Bread 

Good food costs less at Sainsbur/s. 



Germans back Britain on terrorism 

Bonn seeks Syrian answer to UK dossier 

The West German Ambas- 
sador in Damascus is to 
Present the Syrian goveru- 
nient with British evidence of 
its involvement in terrorism 
and ask for an explanation, a 

SSPi? 1 Ministry spokesman 
said here yesterday. 

Herr Jurgen Chrobog said 
Bonn would receive no visits 
gyi>ynan government mem- 
bers until further notice and 
me activities of the Syrian 
embassy here would be exam- 
ined. The Syrian Arab Air- 
lines, which ai present makes 
tour flights a week to West 
Germany, would also be told 
to reduce its staff here. 

Meanwhile, the West Ger- 
government yesterday 
approved new anti-terrorism 
measures, inclu ding a “super- 
grass" law, as security men 
stepped up their hunt for 
terrorists who attacked a se- 
nior civ LI servant in West 
Berlin on Tuesday. 

^ The extreme left-wing 
“Revolutionary Cells" terror- 
ist group, which is dose to the 
notorious Red Array Faction, 
later claimed responsibility 
for the attack. Earlier on 
Tuesday, the group Had also 
said ft was behind a bomb 
attack on the headquarters of 
the Lufthansa airline in Co- 
logne which caused damage 
but hurt no one. 

The question of a replace* 
ment for Dr Heribert Wockel, 
the Ambassador, who has 
been in Damascus since 
September, 1981 , and is due to 

From John England, Bnnn 

.return to Bonn soon on the 
expiry of his tour of duty, 
would depend upon the out- 
come of the trial in West 
Berlin cf Ahmed Hasi, a 
brother of Nezar Hindawi, 
Herr Chrobog added. 

Mr Hasi is to go on trial on 
November 17 charged with a 
bomb attack on tbe German- 
Arab Society in West Berlin 
on March 28 this year in 
which nine people were in- 
jured. He is also suspected of 
involvement in the bombing 
of the La Belle disco in West 
Beilin on April 6 which killed 
- three people and injured more 
than 200 others. 

Mr Hasi has told police that 
he obtained the explosives for 
the attack on the German- 
Arab Society from the Syrian 
Embassy in East Berlin. He 
also said that Hindawi had 
master-minded, that bombing 
and arranged for a Syrian 
explosives expert to travel to 
West Berlin to repair a bomb 
that had foiled twice to 

Herr Hans-Dietrich Gen- 
scher, the West German For- 
eign Minister, said on 
Tuesday that Bonn supported 
all of Britain's calls for eff- 
ective EEC measures in the 
fight against international 

In Tuesday's Berlin attack, 
Herr Haraid Holienberg, aged 
54, tbe chief of tbe Aliens 
Office, was shot in the legs as 
he left bis home to go to work. 
His attackers, a young man 

aged about 20 and a woman, 
fled the scene on bicydes and 
were then seen getting into an 
estate car driven by another 


A letter from the terrorists 
said they had shot Herr 
Holienberg because he was a 
"man-hunter and desk 
c riminal " who was respon- 
sible for the deaths of six 
Third World asylum-seekers 
in a fire in a Berlin prison 

where they were awaiting 

Dr Kurt Rebmann, tbe 
Federal Public Prosecutor, 
yesterday took over the in- 
vestigation into the attack as 
Federal Criminal Bureau anti- 
terrorist specialists joined the 
hunt for the terrorists. Dr 
Rebmann was also present at 
the Bonn Cabinet meeting 
which approved a package of 
new and tougher measures to 

step up the fight against 

The measures indude a 
controversial Bill which will 
allow terrorists to turn state 
evidence against their com- 
rades in return for freedom or 
mild sentences. The 
“supergrass" law will be 
unique in German legal his- 
tory, and the opposition Social 
Democrats and Greens are 
against it 

Mrs Kathrine Young, wife of 
the Counsellor at the British 
Embassy in Damascus, Mr 
Rob Young, and their daugh- 
ter, Juliette, finishing their 

Tension has been mounting 
because of a Syrian press 
campaign accusing Britain of 
preparing aggression against 
the Syrian capitaL British 
Embassy staff are due to 
leave tomorrow. 

The Ben Gurion game 




Police prepare 
to storm Seoul 
campus held by 
1,000 students 

Seoul (Reuter ) — South 
Korean riot police massed in 
the grounds of a Seoul univer- 
sity last night, preparing to 
storm campus buildings and 
arrest nearly 1,000 radical 
students holed up inside. 

The students, who occupied 
the library and four other 
buildings at Konkuk Univer- 
sity on Tuesday night after 
police broke up a major anti- 
government rally, splashed 
petrol around the buildings 
and threatened to bum them 
down if police moved against 

Police said state prosecutors 
ordered them on to the cam- 
pus to detain all the protesters. 
A police spokesman said for- 
mal charges would be brought 
against all those who led the 
occupation and Tuesday's 

Students told reporters they 
would end their sit-in if the 
police withdrew from the cam- 
pus and guaranteed their "sale 
return home". But police. re- 
fused to meet the protesters' 
demand and barred entTy of 
food and drinks to them. 

Some protesters lit bonfires 
on the roof of a building as 
temperatures dropped to be- 
low zero last night. 

Government officials said 
many of the protesters might 
be charged with breaking the 
tough national security law. 
which bans all pro-North Ko- 
rean activities and carries a 
maximum penalty of death. 

The radicals shouted slo- 
gans against the government 
of President Chun Doo Hwan 
and called for the withdrawal 
of 40,000 American troops 
stationed in South Korea. 

They also accused the gov- 
ernment of fabricating pro- 
communist charges against 

After Tuesday’s campus 
demonstration, during which 
95 students were arrested, 
Konkuk University suspend- 
ed ail classes. At raid-after- 
noon yesterday. 1 15 students 
left the library and surren- 
dered to police, saying they 
were caught up in the occupa- 
tion against their will 

About 2.000 students from 
26 universities and colleges 
attended yesterday's rally. 
They burned effigies of Presi- 
dent Chun, President Reagan 
and of the Japanese Prime 
Minister, Mr Yashuhiro 
Nakasone, and shouted 
'‘Down with military 
dictatorship" and "Out with 
US and Japanese imperial- 
ism." witnesses said. 

The government is waging a 
major crackdown on students, 
workers and other activists it 
says are echoing communist 

Earlier this month an 
opposition MP was arrested 
for a speech in the National 
Assembly in which he said the 
country's main policy should 
be reunification with the north 
rather than anti-communism. 

. 1 • 

ILL — 

’ V« ■■■ 7 ' ' 1 - 

Masked student demonstrators on the roof of a building at Seoul's Konkuk University during their sit-in protest yesterday 

French fly Poll shows Aden’s strength 

riot police By Nicholas Beeston 

to • l _J The South Yemeni elec- Muhammad fled the country Although South Yemen is 

ISlkLUflS lions which end today are seen with 6,000 supporters to the still “100 percent allied to the 
by Western diplomats as a rival state of North Yemen. Soviet Union”, the new Gov- 
Nomnea .(AFP) - Fr aace signal ibat the country’s new i n spite of appeals from the eminent is seen by Western 
was flying m 30 not police to leadership feels confident and exiled leadership to boycott diplomats as more moderate 
rts remote Pac ific t erritory of strong nine months after tak- the elections, a Western dip- Long-regarded as one of the 

Wallis and Futuna islands, ing power in a bloody coup. iomalic source in Aden said hardline Middle Eastern 
where a state of emergency Some 176 candidates from yesterday that President al- states, with dose relations 
was prodaimed yesterday, the ^ Marxist South Yemeni Anas had consolidated his with Libya, Syria and Iran, 
trench High Commission m Socialist Party and indepen- position substantially and a Aden this year has distanced 
[New Caledonia a nno u nc ed. dents are contesting 1 1 1 seats high turnout was expected. itself significantly from 
An official said that there for the People's Supreme Reports received in Aden Damascus and is improving 
had been local agitation after a Council, in conjunction with said mat some of the 660,000 ties with Iraq, 
decision to transfer a number local council elections. voters are being forced to vote “South Yemen can no 

of cm! savants. The election, only the sec- by the Government's “defence longer be accurately placed in 

M Jacques le HenafE, the ond since the state gained committees", but one source the hardline camp," eom- 
Adurimstrator of Wallis and independence from Britain in said the elections in them- men ted one Aden-based dip- 
Futuna, said the normal 1967, come in the wake of selves are an indication of the lomat, who predicted that the 
functioning of the admlnistra- January’s fierce street battles Government’s feeling of country would seek to im- 
tion was being questioned in Aden, when President security. prove relations with the West. 

The South Yemeni elec- 
tions which end today are seen 
by Western diplomats as a 
signal that the country's new 
leadership feels confident and 
strong nine mouths after tak- 
ing power in a bloody coup. 

Some 176 candidates from 
the Marxist South Yemeni 
Socialist Party and indepen- 
dents are contesting 1 1 1 seats 
for the People's Supreme 
Council, in conjunction with 
local council elections. 

The election, only the sec- 
ond since the state gained 
independence from Britain in 
1967, come in the wake of 
January's fierce street battles 
in Aden, when President 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Muhammad fled the country 
with 6,000 supporters to the 
rival state of North Yemen. 

In spite of appeals from the 
exiled leadership to boycott 
the elections, a Western dip- 
lomatic source in Aden said 
yesterday that President al- 
Attas had consolidated his 
position substantially and a 
high turnout was expected. 

Reports received in Aden 
said that some of the 660,000 
voters are being forced to vote 
by the Government's “defence 
committees", but one source 
said the elections in them- 
selves are an indication of the 
Government’s feeling of 




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Delhi Cabinet reshuffle 

Gandhi clips wings 
of his leading 
potential rivals 

.Front Michael Hamtyn, Delhi 

. Mr Rajiv Gandhi, (he In- Mr Nehni. She wanted to keep 
«iiaa Prime Minister, has it in the family. • ■_ 

shown that. Eke his mother, He took to politics like* teat 

Mis Indli* Gandhi, he will not to a tarn, and became one ®* 
allow other pefitidans to grow Mr Rajiv Gandhi s krtetrea 
so powerful that they coaid be cabinet, advisin g th e be* 
a threat to his own position apparent on modennzing_po«- 

either in the Co ngress Party or 
in the country. 

The reshnflle in his Conned 

tics, using Hp-to-date tomns 
mrthods. When Mr Gandhi 
hw—v- Prime Minister Mr 

of Ministers which he earned Nehru's direct access to him, 
dutragh last week has shown a the feet that he relied on tam 
sure, ruthless streak in att- for advice, made him ne- 
enuating the ambitions . of mensdy powerfnL 

sereral powerful men. 

Added to that was his own 

Mr Aiimi Singh, for exam- taste for the trading aaddeal- 

post as vice-presiden t 

his stri 
the bat 

fcs req uired , 
new .Prime 

party, has been brought into Minister seemed to dKiute. 
the Cabaret with a relatively Mr Nehru could wag bmfinger 
andemamUng portfolio . as and summon senior Cabinet 
Minister of Commniucatioos. colleagues. 

Mr Bhajan Lai, who was When he was first mdea 
promised a Cabinet job in junior minis ter in tire Power 

Although South Yemen is 
still “100 percent allied to the 
Soviet Union", the new Gov- 
ernment is seen by Western 
diplomats as more moderate 

Long-regarded as one of the 
hardline Middle Eastern 
states, with dose relations 
with Libya, Syria and Iran, 
Aden this year has distanced 
itself significantly from 
Damascus and is improving 
ties with Iraq. 

“South Yemen can no 
longer be accurately placed in 
the hardline camp," com- 
mented one Aden-based dip- 
lomat, who predicted that the 
country would seek to im- 
prove relations with the West 

retain far resigning as Chief Ministry he caused cqnsterua- 
Minister of Haryana, has been ' tmn In his senior minister by 
given the even more esdgnous arriving early and 
responsibilities of the Min- commandeering the ministe rs 
istry of Environment and office. 

Forests. He gamed * reputation for 

Bat it is Mr Anna Nehru, arrogance. His power began to 
who until earlier this year was be reseated. He was repre- 
spokca of as tire second most seated as setthig himse tf up as 
powerful man in India, who an alternative prime mhnsbor, 
bas been most ruthlessly dealt a man who was arauabte 
with. The 42-year-old former should Mr Ropv Gandhi 

He gamed * reputation for 
arrogance. Hb power began to 
be reseated. He was repre- 

businessman, who ei 
politics only six years a# 
spoken of as^the fastest i 
star ia tire firmament off 


Eventually he and Mr Gan- 
dhi seemed to fell oat. When 
Mr Nebrn had a mBd heart 

Gandhi's Government", de- attack earlier this year, ft was 
spite being only a junior noted that Mr Gandhi did not 
minister, and not having in- visit his bedside. While he was 
dependent charge of a depart- recovering his duties wen 
raent Now he has been turfed transferred to a ranch more 
out, and no other post has yet junior minister. Finally, dvfl 

bees announced for him. 

servants loyal to him were 

Only a year ago he was transferred by the Home Min 1 
given charge of the prefondly ; ^ 

sensitive internal security 
portfolio within tire Home 

His job description fisted 52 
areas raider his control, and 
they included the Intelligence 
Bureau, all the paramilitary 
police forces and all police 
training. The presidential 
statement annotraang his 
appointment made specffic 
BMPtinn that hk department 
was created to eliminate afl 
threats to the ^ integr i ty of 
India" a which gave 

him entrie to every law 
enforcement agency In the 

But that was not tire foil 
of Ins power. Since 
administration of the polices 
a state subject, his job brought 
him into contact with every 
Chid Minister, and into a 
position of considerable politi- 
cal patronage. He owed at 
least something of his rapid 

Mr Anin Nehru: dealt with 

farter, Mr But* Singh, to others 
less crucial, positions. 

Even his political clients 
began to be badly treated. Mr 
Sitonun Kesari, for example, a 
Nebrn follower, was denied a 
party ticket for tire recent 
Rajya Smbha elections, and is 
among those ministers also 

rise in potiite to tire foci that dismissed in the present re- 
he and Mr Gandhi are third «hinii. 

cousins. His great-grandfather 
and Motilal Nehru, Jawah- 
arial Nehru’s father, were 

In his bnsmess career. Mr 
Nehru had risen rapidly 
through the sales ride of the 
paint manufacturer, Jenson 
and Nicholson. When the com- 
pany bought sot its British 
owners he was one of the 
bright young executives who 
took control. Six years later he 
became the company 

For some years be had been 
helping his younger cousin, 
Saqjay Gandhi, the Prime 
Minister's more political 

The first victim of the 
sackings which followed the 
abortive attenmt on tire Priam 
Minister’s Ere earlier this 
month was Mr Nehra's wife's 
brother, Mr Gaatom Kind, 
head of the Delhi police 
security force. 

It is suggested that the 
present round of ministerial 
changes was postponed for 
some weeks (there have long 
been rumours of an impending 
reshuffle) while Mr Nehru 
refused another junior post 
and fought either to save Ids 
present job or for promotion to 
the Cabinet 

In the raid, however, Mr 

toother, and when Mrs Indira. Gandhi has shown that he is 

Gandhi was looking for some- 
one to fight what used to be her 
seat In Bae Bareilly, in Uttar 
Pradesh, her eye lighted on 

capable, as Mr Attlee sag- 
nested all .good prime mm- 
isters should be, of befog a 
good butcher. 

On-off curfew in Amritsar 

Chandigarh (Reuters) — In- 
dian authorities imposed, 
then lifted, a curfew on the 
Sikh holy city of Amritsar 
yesterday as police tightened 
security fo’Puqjab to prevent 

Hindu-Sikb dashes. 

The curfew will be r&- 
imposed tomorrow, when two 
militant Hindu groups and a 
hardline Sikh group' have 
called for demonstrations. 

Briton in I Pakistan 

court plea 

Delhi (Reuter) — The In- 
dian Supreme Court agreed 
yesterday to hear Mr David 
Bergman, a Briton whose 
advocajcy of Bhopal gas 
disastervictims’rights landed 
him fo jail in the Indian city 
where 2,000 people died. 

Mr Bergman, aged 21, said 
India's highest court had 
agreed to hear his plea dial he 
be allowed to remain in Intha, 
that an order restraining him 
to Bbopal be lifted anil that 
other charges be dropped. The 
hearing is scheduled tor today. 

“I want to stay in India, to 
get all the diarges cleared and 
to continue to be allowed to 
work in Bhopal,” Mr Bergman 

At the tune of his detention, 
police; while not commenting 
officially, told local r epor te rs 
that he had obtained confiden- 
tial documents and might be a 
spy for Union Carbide, which 
owns the pesticide plant that 
leaked a lethal cloud of methyl 
isocyanate gas in 1984. ' 

Mr Bergman, a law graduate 
from Birmingham, cycled 
from Britain to India, arriving 
m February 1986, to raise 
money for the victims of the. 

He has said the charges are 
baseless and that the Madhya 
Pradesh state government is 
conducting a campaign 
against volunteer relief work- 
ers to - cover up official 

clash over 
bomb blast 

Peshawar (Reuter) — Police 
clashed yesterday with an 
angry crowd which rampaged 
through this Pakistani border 
city in protest at a bomb Mast - 
on Tuesday that killed six 
people and injured 20. 

Witnesses said police feed 
tear gas and made baton 
charges to break up groups of 
demonstrators as ~ markets 
were shut in a protest strike in 
the city, capital of the North- 
West frontier Province bor- 
dering Afghanistan. 

The witnesses said students' 
and opposition supporters set - 
a bus itolaze/ damaged ot her 
property aruttnuied stones at ' 
police in ‘pitched battles. The 
protesters dunged the Gov- 
emme otwit h failing to protect 

people from bombings foamed 

on Afghanistan. ■ 

pie province is host to an- 
esti m a te d three million At' 
|han refugees, and the msri n . 
MusUm guerrilla groups fight- 
ingthe Soviet-backed Govern- 
ment- in Kabul have their 
head q uarters in or around 

•ISLAMABAD: At least two 
students- wens shot and Irfli efl 
in a. dasb between police and 
students at the Lahore En-'” 
gfoeering University late on 

Tuesday night (Hasan Akhtar"* 


Police were said to. havc 
forced entry into a university - ' 
hostel to eject some unil 
authorized occupants. 

'* i r 

f. 4 

- VF 

;eas news 


Reagan’s rallying call 
fights off Democratic 
advances in close vote 

Whales follow leader to the end 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The fight for control of the 
Senate, the greatest prize of 
the mid-term elections next 
Tuesday, has become tamal- 
isingiy dose as opinion polls 
'point to steady advances by 
the Democrats in some critical 
'races around the country. 

Some polls point to the 
‘.possibility that the 100-mem- 
ber Senate — each state has 
two senators — could be 
divided equally between 
Democrats and Republicans. 
That would leave Vice-Presi- 
dent George Bush with the tie- 
breaking vote. 

At present, the Republicans 
have a S3 to 47 majority. If the 
Senate fell to the Democrats it 
would be a disaster for Mr 
Reagan's policies in his final 
two years. The party in control 
of the chamber controls which 
Bills gel promoted and heads 
the committees. The House of 
Representatives is already sol- 
idly Democrat and a totally 
hostile Chpitol Hill is a 
Republican nightmare. 

President Reagan is cam- 
paigning in marginal states 

until election day. He is 
undoubtedly the Republicans' 
single greatest asset, im- 
mensely popular wherever he 
goes, guaranteeing enormous 
free publicity for the can- 
didates who stand with him 
on the platform. 

in many states, computers 
dial voters who then listen to 
the President's recorded 

A senior Republican strat- 
egist said: “Either the Presi- 
dent is going to do it for us or 
we are not going to do iL He is 
our last best hope of keeping 
control of the Senate.” 

In his speeches Mr Reagan 
is steering away from the 
economy, which has proved to 
be the Democrats' most eff- 
ective campaign issue, and is 
concentrating on foreign pol- 
icy. Grenada, Libya and Ice- 
land all add to his popularity. 

He uses the same speech 
everywhere. “Things really 
have changed around the 
world." he says. “America 
used to wear a ’Kick me’ sign 

around its neck. Well, we 
threw that sign away. Now it 
reads: ‘Don’t tread on me’. 
Today every mckle-and-dime 
dictator around the world 
knows that if he tangles with 
the United States of America, 
he will have to pay a price:" 

The closest Senate races are 
in Alabama, Colorado, Idaho, 
North Carolina, South Dakota 
and Washington state. Of the 
34 Senate seals being con- 
tested, 22 are held by 

With the absence of any real 
national issue, campaigning 
has become intensely person- 
alised and has produced some 
bizarre excesses. All over the 
country, for example, tele- 
vision viewers are being 
treated to the sight of can- 
didates emerging from the 
toilet holding forth a sample 
bottle of urine to be submitted 
for drug testing. Some can- 
didates have refused to do it, 
saying it is demeaning, only to 
be lambasted on TV advertise- 
ments by their opponents. 

Hart the loner goes home 

From Michael Binyon 

Mr Gary Hart is no longer a 
Colorado senator, bat be was 
back here campaigning this 
week for the Democratic con- 
tender for his seat. 

It was a gesture of solidarity 
from the man who represented 
the Rocky Mountain state in 
Washington for 12 years. 

But few expect to see him 
around in the future; his own 
presidential ambitions, all bat 
officially announced, will take 
him all over the country, as 
they did in 1984. 

It was that last campaign 
which really cost Mr Hart his 
Senate job. For though Colo- 
radans were (Hoad while he led 
the opposition to Walter Mon- 
dale in the Democratic pri- 
maries, the inevitable mur- 
murings began as his chal- 
lenge faltered and collapsed. 

He put his ambitious above 
his state, critics said, missing 
Senate votes and neglecting 
his home state. 

Many resented Colorado 
bring used as a launching pad 
to the White House. And Mr 
Hart realized he had to choose 
this year between re-election 
or resignation to pursue his 
presidential dream. 

Inevitably he will be judged 
as a presidential candidate on 
his Senate record. And while 
at least a third of Colorado 
remains sharply opposed to 
Mr Hart, many would concede 
he was a good, if unusual, 

’ He was not a great leg- 
islator. Nor did he excel in 
pork-barrel politics, wheeling 
and dealing to steer govern- 
ment contracts to his home 

' Detached and somewhat 
austere he is not remembered 


for the typical senator’s back- 
slapping and baby-kissing or 
for a bluff man-of-the-people 

Instead supporters here 
speak of intellectual integrity, 
of commitment to liberal sodal 
principles, of original thinking 
and independent views. 

Such qualities made him 
respected rather than revered, 
drew praise from the sophis- 
ticated but no mass following. 

Mr Hart's shadow does not 
loom large over Colorado in 
the way that big Senate fixers 
have dominated their home 

But neither is his strong 
support for the environment, 
for vital water projects, for 
ethnic minorities and en- 
trepreneurs, forgotten in a 
state that still has something 
of the frontier spirit 

In Colorado enterprise 
counts for more than race, 
class or unions, belief in 

Mr Hart Respected rather 
than revered 

“progress" is still a powerful 
motivator and rugged individ- 
ualism is common to the 
sportsmen of the sparse moun- 
tains, the immigrants to boom- 
ing Denver ami the gleaming 
space industries of Colorado 

Mr Hart is typical of Colo- 
rado in having tittle track with 
nwrhim* potitUS OT party 
patronage, so strong in the 
older East What seemed fresh 
and new in 1984 was in fact 
typical of ranch in the politics 
of the West 

Here the man means more 
than the party and voters 
happily ignore liberal or 
conservative labels if they 
detect leadership. 

Colorado and other western 
states generally vote Repub- 
lican in national elections, yet 
have recently produced some 
of the more innovative and 
radical Democratic governors 
— in Arizona, in Colorado!, 
even in Mormon-dominated 

Less typical is Mr Hart's 
aloofness. He is a man of the 
mountain log cabin, of soti- 
tnde, books mid ideas. He had 
few dose colleagues in the 
Senate, played little role in the 
Washington power lobbies. It 
is no cranridence that be 
receives tittle support from the 
myriad of special political 
action committees, and has 
still not paid off some $2^1 
million (£1.7 million) in cam- 
paign debts from 1984. 

Inevitably, Mr Hart is now 
seen as a front-runner in the 
1988 race — the only man 
already to have stumped the 

On him, therefore, rests the 
onus to set the pace and 
mainta in the momentnin. And 
here the loner may find the 
going tough. 

- ■" ' " 

- .. ^ , - . 

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■ ••• - . jrf:* 

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:■***»> ’’ ’ V •> - 

Scientists and onlookers with some of the 
248 pilot whales which stranded them- 
selves on a beach on the south-western 
coast of Iceland at the weekend. 

The mass suicide, one of the largest 
incidents of its kind ever recorded, is 
already attracting international attention. 
Scientists have been trying for years to 
find an explanation for the phenomenon 
of stranding (Tony Samstag writes). 

for Briton 

Abu Dhabi (Reuter) — A 
British woman resident of 
Abu Dhabi has been sen- 
tenced to 10 years in jail for 
possessing and selling cocaine. 

Policed said they arrested 
Barbara Edwards, aged 37, a 
sales representative, on July 6 
for selling the drag in Abu 
Dhabi hotels. 

Edwards was alleged to have 
admitted buying the drugs in 
Amsterdam and smuggling 
them into the United Arab 

She will be deported after 
serving her sentence. 

Director jailed 

Singapore (Reuter) — Peter 
Tham. a former director of the 
collapsed Singapore company 
Pan-Electric- Industries, has 
been sentenced to eight years 
in prison for forging share 

Ye honoured 

Peking (Reuter) - More 
than 5,000 people, including 
most of China's leadership 
attended a memorial service 
for Marshal Ye Jianying, a 
former acting head of stale 
who died last week. 

Dam battle 

Riano, Spain (Reuter) - 
Villagers opposing the flood- 
ing of their homes by a new 
dam fought a 16-hour battle 
with paramilitary civil guards, 
injuring seven of them. 

Among toe favoured theories are the 
effects of parasites or geographical disrup- 
tions of magnetic fields, either of which 
might disorientate toe animals. 

Pilot whales, ironically, are routinely 
victims of the notorious Icelandic ritual 
slaughter known as the grind, which 
exploits the tendency of the pod to foQow 
a leader (or pilot). In the grind the leader 
is diverted into shallow waters; the pod 

follows and ati are then hacked to death 
with ceremonial knives and the meat 
distributed according to ancient 

It is thought that this particular group 
may have been stranded because the 
leader, for whatever reason, became 
confused and the rest of the pod followed 
instinctively to their doom. 

UK attack on Nicaragua for 
political use of World Court 

From Zoriana Pysariwsby, New York 

In a radical departure from was speculation here that Court decisions was a dear 
an even-handed approach to Britain's harsh reproach was obligation of the UN charter, 
the bitter antagonism between payment to Washington for its it was nothing less than 
the United States and Nica- unequivocal support of the presumptuous for Nicaragua, 
ragua, Britain has severely British decision last week to “a regime which neither ex- 
criticized the Sandinista Gov- sever relations with Syria. ternally nor internally lives up 

eminent for breeching inter- Along with France and to its obligations, to call for 
national law and using the Thailand, Britain abstained in selective application of the 
recent World Court judge- the voting, after four days of charter in this case”, 
meat against the Americans council debate. The session In stark contrast to the 
for “narrow political ends”. had been requested by Nica- majority view in the council 
The statement, delivered by ragua after President Reagan that the Sandinista Govem- 
Sir John Thomson, the British signed into law a controversial ment is an innocent victim of 
representative, following an congressional package allocat- Washington's bullying, Sir 
American veto of a Nica- ingSlOO million (£69 million) John raid, that the aids 
raguan-mspfred draft in the for military aid to the Contras, besetting Nicaragua was 
UN Security Council, is the The defeated draft would have largely of its own making, 
closest the British Govern- instructed the US to obey the Thanks to strenuous US 
ment has come to supporting World Court decision. lobbying, only 1 1 countries on 

the Reagan Administration's Britain is the only perma- the council voted for the draft 
Haim thai Nicaragua exports nent member ofthe council to But the real test of its dip- 
revolution to its neighbours. accept the compulsory juris- lomatic skills would come in 
As Nicaragua yesterday diction of the World Court the General Assembly, before 
sought to have the World and its abstention was the bare the foil UN membership. 
Court ruling of June 27, that minimum expected. According U> Western dip- 

American aid to the right-wing But m his statement Sir lomatic sources, Britain had. 
Contras is ille g al, affirmed by John said that, while comph- before the break with Syria, 
the General Assembly, there ance by the parties with World indicated a wflhngess to vote 

with the Nicaraguan-inspired 

UN finance reprieve 

r representative, accused Nica- 

New York - The United overall congressional fond of ragua during the debate of 
totes has given the United $250 mOKon for international attempting to subvert Central 
rations a temporary reprieve organizations, is rooghly half America and providing a ha- 
-om its financial problems of what the US is legally ven and training camp for 
Ttfa an $100 million (£70.7 bound to pay the UN fin- its terrorists, 
ifllioo) contribution (Zoriana 1986 bwdget of $840 million. He repeated that the US 

ysarmsky writes). It is a- would not abide fry the World 

ected to keep the UN barely Although the UN is likely to Court ruling, saying that the 

float until the end ofthe year, remain solvent till the end of court's claim of jurisdiction 
The allotment, which was the year officials are waned and competence in the Nka- 
ieced together by the US that aims might resurface In raguan case was without 
tate Department from an 1987. foundation in law or fact. 

payment to Washington for its 
unequivocal support of the 
British decision last wed; to 
sever relations with Syria. 

Along with France and 
Thailand, Britain abstained in 
the voting, after four days of 
council debate. Hie session 
had been requested by Nica- 
ragua after President Reagan 
signed into law a controversial 
congressional package allocat- 
ing S 100 million (£69 million) 
for military aid to the Contras. 
The defeated draft would have 
instructed the US to obey the 
World Court decision. 

Britain is the only perma- 
nent member of the council to 
accept the compulsory juris- 
diction of the World Court 
and its distention was the bare 
minimum expected. 

But m his statement Sir 
John said that, while compli- 
ance by the parties with World 

UN finance reprieve 

New York — The United 
States has given the United 
Nations a temporary reprieve 
from its financial problems 
with an $100 mOtion (£70.7 
millioo) contribution (Zoriana 
Pjrsaifwsky writes). It is ex- 
i peeled to keep the UN barely 
afloat on til the end of the year . 

The allotment, which was 
pieced together by the US 
State Department from an 

overall congressional fond of 
$250 mOKon fin- international 
organizations, is rooghly half 
of what the US is legally 
bound to pay the UN for its 
1986 budget of $840 mOlioa. 

Although the UN is likely to 
remain solvent tin the end of 
the yew officials are waned 
that aims might resurface in 

downed loos — - 

began a sit-down sxnke at toe 
South African plant of Gen- 
eral Motors, the American 
motor giant which has an- 
nouncedthal it is handing 
over to local management 

The workers are demanding 
a say in how the co mp a n y is to 
be restructured. _ ... . 

The strike at General 
Motors' Port Elizabeth plant 
represents the first big protest 
fry workers at disinvestment 
from South Africa by leading 
American compa ni e s . IBMj 
Coca-Cola, Honeywell and 
Warner Corporation are 
among those which have an- 
nounced ptarrc to tend over to 
local management. 

The General Motors strik- 
ers are demanding two seals 
on the board of the new 
company when it ta ke s over 
early next war. 

Their strike came on the eve 
of the launch on the South 
African market of a new 
Genera] Motors car, the 
Monza, for which the com- 
pany has spent millions on 

Mr Bob White, the com- 
pany’s manag in g director, said 
be was not going to be 
blackmailed and would not 
negotiate until the men had 
resumed work or left the 

The sit-down strike is being 
led fry the black National 
Automobile and Allied Work- 
ers’ Union (NAAWU). 

Union official said yes- 
terday that a meeting on 
Tuesday night was attended 
by about 2,000 General Mo- 
tors workers who expressed 

"Hiyitf" nvw the handling hy 

General Motors of its with- 
drawal from South Africa and 
the sate of assets to local 
interests. ■ 

A union spokesman said: 
“At no stage has the company 
indicated its willingness to 
consult, advise or negotiate 
with NAAWU. At no stage has 
the company indicated to the 
union who the new owners 
win be and on what terms and 
conditions the new company 
will be constructed-” 


German office 

Copenhagen (Reuter) — A 
showroom of the West Ger- 
man electrical firm, AEG, was 
burnt out and windows were 
smashed at a West German 
news agency office in apparent 
protest at the clearing of 
squatters from a house in 
Hamburg, police said. 

No one was reported hurt in 
the attacks. 

Slogans on the wall at the 
AEG showroom in the Copen- 
hagen suburb of Glostrup read 
“Revenge for Hafenstrasse”, a 
Hamburg street where police 
had cleared squatters from a 


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JJe Maclarea of Madareo, 
Attache to the British 
“®jj*ss y in Moscow, Ires in a 
b(JP!fi?^ nly department 
■5?^ * SIwmeish wife 
" h r ? ^ !®?8 abandoned her 
early inhibitions at knowing 
“eir bedroom to be the object 
«* electronic eavesdropping. 
Downstairs lives FatriA 
Cock bum of the Financial 
fimes; he and The Madaren 
attended the same school (not, 
‘ — 

Across Moscow, in a Res- 
™ apartment Mock, the 
wonting Star’s correspondent 
sends her children to a Rus- 
sian school and - uniquely, ii 
seemed — speaks the local 


Filmed in the aftermath of 
Chernobyl Caviar and Com - 
flakes (BBC1) had the mak- 

mgs of a farcical soap-opera: 
on the one hand, a miwo r osw 
of British insularity peopled 
with anachronistic remittance 
men who have only tangential 
connection with the high oc- 
tane of international politics; 
op the other, a cooveyor-bell of 
visiting British journalists 
who fretted to be let into a 
press conference which lasted ! 
all of two minutes and at which 
sound-recording was not per- 

It is, as Mrs Cockbnrn 
observed with dry understate- 
ment, “a slightly colonial 
existence** — and one that 
could be done justice only by 
the comedic talents of an 
Evelyn Waugh. Somewhere 
outside these cushy enclaves, 
of coarse, dissidents are being 
harassed and enormous fibs 
promulgated. BBC Radio’s 
Moscow correspondent palli- 
ated his ignorance of Russian 
on the grounds that the av- 
erage comrade in the street, if 
canvassed in his native tongne, 
would simply parrot the re- 
ceived wisdom of Pntvda or 
Tass — quite forgetting that 
the average demooat m the 
street might well get his knee- 
jerk opinions from the Daily 
Beast or Get ns say) the BBC. 
Freedom of’ choice shook! 
never be confused with in- 
dependence of thonghL 

In this context, it was 
significant that the only overt 
censorship on display came 
from the British Embassy. 
The KGB^ Jraddled under 
umbrellas in groops of three 
(“one can read, one can write, 
and the third is there to keep 
an eye on die intellectuals'') 
were simply present for light 

Martin Cropper 


The Residents 
Hammersmith Palais 

Doubts turn into fears 


The boy suddenly in love: Arthur Davies as Cennont with !«■«» Aiiberti as Violetta 

T his was no way to start a new 
season. Misgivings have been 
expressed on this page before 
now over the Royal Opera's 
declining ability to handle the 
popular Italian works which have to be 
among the comer-stones of the house 
repertoire, and to en gag e the rising 
generation of singers and conductors for. 
them. The present revival of la tnmata, 
a plodding and unidiomatic affair seems 
precisely calculated to turning doubts 
into outright fears. 

First allowances have to he for foe 
withdrawal of Kalia RiccmreUi from foe 
tide role. Bui it is doubtful whether even 
RicdareUTs highly accomplished Vio- 
letta — a performance yet to be beard in 
London — would have raised <his 
Traviata up to an acceptable level Her 
replacement, Lucia Aiiberti, was as- 
signed to some of the later performances, 
but foe interpretation is as yet unformed 
and unmoving. 

Aiiberti* s soprano first caught the ear 
at Wexford seven, years ago In a bright 
and sparkling comedy by foe Ricci 
brothers where she gave an appropriately 
bright and sparkling performance. Since 
then she has spent most of her time in the 
coloratura repertoire. This Violetta 
dearly marks a possible move into foe 
heavier dramatic roles. The problem is, 
fopugh, that her Violetta on London 
evidence is a d rama tic aero. 

The hunched shoulders of the first act 
may well suggest that consumption is 
just around the corner, but they do not 


La traviata 

Covent Garden 

foim foe posture of a society hostess, 
even one who on this occasion appeared 
to be serving her guests an mstpid- 
looking white wine punch from water 
jugs. Thereafter Miss Aiiberti scarcely 
addressed a note to her companions on 
stage but instead stared fixedly at foe 
floorboards as though expecting Roland 
Rat. or some other furry creature, to 
come popping out of them. 

There were moments of vocal prom- 
ise, notably in “Diie alia gfovine" and 
parts of the final act. But for much of foe 
rest of the evening the voice was too busy 
finding itself, treading slippery ice and 
then sliding a bit or simply just retreating 
when p rogress was about to be made. 

Against' this uncomfortable and self- 
absorbed Violetta it was no surprise that 
Arthur Davies's first Covenl Garden 
Alfredo showed him a bit below his best 
He wisely declined to put too much 
pressure on the voice, except properly in 
foe **Mio rimorso" cabaletia, and kept to 
a light and blessedly lyrical interpreta- 
tion of a good-looking young boy 
suddenly in love. Some of the vocal 
inhibitions will surely mb off in more 
inspiring company. 

The Russian baritone Yuri Mazurok 
has a notable legato line and seems to 
take even fewer breaths than Cappuccilli. 
who gives the impression of living 
almost without oxygen. But Giorgio 
Germont is always in danger of being a 
dull old stick, as he rumbles on about 
Fair Provence, and that alas is just what 
Mazurok makes him. It is curious that 
Covent Garden did not engage an Italian 
for foe role and even odder that they did 
not turn lo one of the younger Italian 
maestri to conduct the opera. 

Yuri Simonov took an almost metro- 
nomic approach to this most emotional 
of pieces, so that foe heartbeat of “Pari gi. 
o cara" sounded much like foe death- 
rattle of foe final scene. The tempi 
chosen were often intolerably slow, e'en 
taking into account the ’ substantial 
pauses Aiiberti used from time to time. 
Claire Powell's Flora was the best of foe 
variably played supporting parts. The 
chorus was insipid throughout and well 
below international standards. The best 
marks on the home front go to Michael 
Rennison for giving the ancient produc- 
tion a visual spring-clean. 

The applause at the end was courteous 
and very, very brief: the audience had 
had a long evening with few rewards and 
were anxious to get home. No, this was 
indeed not the way to start foe '86-*87 

John Higgins 

Charming enterprise all too sustained r DANCE 

The Residents from San 
Fran ci so have recorded ax 
least 25 albums in 14 years, 
without surrendering the 
anonymity of their individual 
identities, which they have 
protected by wearing eyeball 
headpieces or other disguises 
when in public. While such an 
inscrutable image maybe an 
intriguing idea, and the 
quartet's impenetrable avant- 
garde music a quizzically 
diverting noise on record, 
there is little to prepare one for 
the magnitude of dour tedium 
embodied in their stage show. 

At Hammersmith, even 
when the singer took off his 
headgear at one point, it was 
barely possible to see his 
features in the gloomy lighting 
mostly provided by two hand- 
held orange lamps being 
flashed randomly around the 
bleak stage. He sang guttural 
atonal gibberish, while two of 
the other Residents performed 
pointless shadowy mime- . 


• Tancredi 

i Wexford Festival 

This year's Wexford Festival 
was under threat, but a deter- 
mined rescue operation was 
mounted and all the planned 
performances were saved. 
Next year, the addition of 140 
seats to the present capacity of 
450 should bring in an extra 
£40.000 at the box-office. 

The opening production 
was Humperdinck’s Kfoigs- 
kinder, a sad tale of the goosc- 
giri who falls in love with the 
king's son. The opera, first 
performed at Munich in 1897. 
has never enjoyed a success to 
equal that of Hdnsel und 
Crete! four years earlier. 
Kimigskinder also has a witch; 
in this instance, however, she 
succeeds in poisoning her 
victims (the ill-feted lovers), 
but disappears from foe story 
herself in rather inconsequen- 
tial manner. ’ 

The witch ; (an imposing 
assumption by Pauline Tins- 
ley) has a noteworthy passage 
of sibilant venom, accompa- 
nied menacingly by timpani, 
but a lengthy first act is, in the 
main, short-breathed and frag- 
mented in its musical effect 
William Lewis, an American 

shows and the fourth lan- 
guished at the back providing 
the robotic musical accom- 
paniment on an Emulator 
keyboard. They were assisted 
by Snakefinger, a guitarist 
brave enough to be identified 
despite the discordant contri- 
bution his grotesquely fuzzed 
sound made. 

Ironically, in seeking to' 
overturn so many of the 
conventions of rode music 
performance, foe Residents 
merely underlined why those 
conventions exist. Light 
shows enable you to see foe 
performers; knowledge of who 
the performers are enhances 
interest in what they might be 
doing; certain harmonies and 
rhythms are often useful qual- 
ities in music: and so forth. 

* Although the show was 
obviously meticulously re- 
hearsed and systematically 
executed, weirdness alone 
could not compensate for foe 
humourless denial of so many 
performance norms. The chal- 
lenge was reduced to how long 
one could endure such an air 
of claustrophobic monotony. [ 
Count yourself lucky they do 
not live in your street . J 

■%Sjbk. — „ f, b JR?*** $. 

*v: • . ■'ysJSW . . 

Daniels Bechly's winning goose-girl in KduigsJdader 

heidenlenor , sounded rather 
dry earlier on but, as a more 
lyrical strain made itself beard 
in foe second and third acts, so 
he added welcome vocal 

There was an outstanding 
performance, as the Fiddler, 
by Sergei Leifcrkus, a baritone 
who has at his command an 
exquisitely beautiful tone and 
powerful dramatic projection. 
Danieta Bechiy was winningly 
pretty as foe goose-girl, and 
Michael McCaffery presented 
a thoroughly thoughtful pro- 

I can imagine this concert 
being better boused, as no 
doubt it will be as it continues 
its spider's journey around the 
Arts Council Contemporary 
Muse Network. The Blooms- 
! bury Theatre, even with reflec- 
tive screening behind the 
singers, was too dry for a vocal 
ensemble; it was also disgrace- 
fully noisy, apparently be- 
cause judo was being energet- 
ically practised upstairs. 

Quite apart from these 
acoustic disabilities there was 
foe visual embarrassment of 
being faced with six or eigh'. 
singers on a stage. One ex- 
pected them to do something, 
though in feet when they did 
make an attempt at acting out 
Orlando Gibbons's Crier of 
London one wished they were 
not: a surplice, some cock- 
ney/rustic accents and gen- 
erous quantities of upstaging 
do not make for much of a 
theatrical experience. Having 
said that, I am not sure how 
this piece could be performed 
intelligently, ft depends on the 

duction wi thin the cramped 
confines of the Theatre 
Royal's stage, even though 
much of foe traffic made res 
way over foe roof of the 
witch's hut At the end of an 
evening lasting almost four 
hours, gratitude to Wexford 
and to the conductor Albert 
Rosen and the admirable 
artistic director, Elaine Pad- 
more, was tempered for some 
members of the audience by 
foe feeling that Kdnigskinder 
goes on a bit 

With Tancredi, Wexford 

provided another of their 
winners. The opera, dating 
from 1813, with libretto by 
Rossi, after Voltaire’s Tan- 
cride, is a largely sombre piece 
of truly remarkable eloquence 
when compared to the popular 
mode of opera seria of the 
period. There are regular out- 
bursts of engagingly brash 
Rossini, and some showy 
items from the tenor, which 
gave Bruce Ford, as the Syra- 
cusan ruler Argirio, the 
opportunity to demonstrate 
his agility and security above 
foe stave. But foe heart of foe 
work is made up of a succes- 
sion of genuinely touching 
melodies, here most ex- 
pressively shaped under foe 
direction W Arnold Ostman. 

Thp cast was a strong one: 
foe heroine, Amenaide, was 
sung in the most brilliant 
manner by the Danish so- 
prano Inga Nielsen; Petteri 
Salomaa offered a solid 
Orbazzano; and in foe travesti 
role of Tancredi the American 
mezzo Kathleen Kuhlmann 
gave a performance of rare 
distinction. Her bearing was 
virile and heroic, conveying 
both strength and gentleness. 

The Wexford production of 
Tancredi can be heard at foe 
Queen Elizabeth Hall on 
November 4. 


Sinfonietta Voices 

Bloomsbury Theatre 

irony of low ditties being put 
into learned polyphony, an 
irony that now seems quaint 
The most faithful perfor- 
mance might be a wholesale 
reinterpretation: perhaps a 
piece of sophisticated elec- 
tronic music using sound- 
tracks from television adver- 

Berio's Cries of London is 
merely a statement of the 
problem, a vision of the old 
masters through splintered 
and frosted modem glass — 
though its self-consciousness 
as a performance made it & 
very suitable piece to be 
presented on stage. 

There was the same contrast 

David Sinclair 

Songmakers 9 


Wigmore Hall 

Will Evans and Valentine's $ 


i 1 1 • 

the first of the legendary 2 

1920’s farces. a 


the financially embarrassed 9 
husband of POLLY ADAMS 9 
(Louise) with MICHAEL 0 

GAMBON as their butler O 

Lyttelton: LOW PRICE PREVIEWS Tbnight, tomor at A 
7.45, Sat at 2.15 & 7.4S, Nov 3, 4, 3*. Press Opening a 
N ov 6 at 7.00. Then Nov 7. BGoM 10. U. W.m&eX w 


Box Office fit Credit Cards 
: 01-928 2252 : 

Standby — unsold seats at low prices, 
M f rom 2 hours before performance 

i mm 


The “song and story" recital 
which the Songmakers' Al- 
manac has made its own can 
occasionally veer close to 
dilettantism, when foe ditties 
so painstakingly researched by 
the pianist Graham Johnson 
and his colleagues are dearly 
second-rate salon fodder. But 
in this Dvorak programme, 
"Songs from foe Old World” 
the musical material smoul- 
dered with passion, and the 
underlying theme was con- 
cerned not with foe periph- 
eries of 19th-century musical 
life but with a central — 

: perhaps the central - issue. 

For Johnson used foe me- 
dium of Dvorak's songs to 
trace the gradual erosion of 
German domination of Bohe- 
mian culture, the new accep- 
tance of the Czech language as 
a suitable vehicle for lyricism, 
and music's symbolic position 
jn'foe nascency of nationlism. 
Dvorak emerged as a naive 
but obstinate champion for 
his country, and Brahms as a 
genuine and generous ally in 
the "enemy camp". 

The feet that so much could 
be made of some rarely-heard 
songs suggests that Dvorak's 
lyrical output has been seri- 
ously underestimated. Nearly 
everyone can hum “Kdyz nine 
start matka” (possibly better 
known as “Songs my Mother 
Taught Me”), but the serene 

Op 73 set V ndrodnim tOmt, 
the vivid sexual allegory 
“Jahody” and the magnifi- 
cently fervent ^oationalist 
anthem" from The Jacobin 
should surely be in every 
serious recitalist's repertoire. 

The problem is, of course, 
that Czech pronunciation 
does not fell easily on every 
singer's Bps. The four per- 
forming here were exemplary 
in this respect, and the women 
- Carol Smith and Felicity 
Palmer — also commanded 
foe vibrant, hard-edged tone 
one associates with Central 
Europe. They complemented 
each other perfectly in foe 
Moravian Duets. Neither 
Martyn Hill nor Richard Jack- 
son seemed quite as suited in 
timbre to this repertoire, but 
both contributed well-consid- 
ered performances. 

Richard Morrison 


Elizabeth Hall 

Enticed by a package^deal of 
ticket, sandwiches, wine and 
succulent programming, the 
crowds are pouring in to the 
South Bank's new series of 
Lunchtime Serenades. 

Domes was on the menu on 
Tuesday. You used to have to 
track down these musicians 
on a windy hilltop, or in an 
English country garden, where 
they would play inside 'heir 
portable geodesic dome. In it, 
they developed a way of 

Peter On- 

in aptness on foe sacred side of 
the programme. Acoustically 
and stylistically, the Kyrie and 
Gloria from Byrd’s four-part 
Mass were a long way from 
home, but Jonathan Lloyd’s 
Mass of 1983 was in the right 
place. It is, after all, a Mass at 
a remove: there might some- 
where be a perfectly normal 
setting, one feels, from which ! 
Lloyd has snipped bits for his 
song of long, slow changes and 
insistent bird-like repetitions. 

Woven around the rest of 
the programme were the three 
sections of Nigel Osborne's 
Choratis, whim made less 
impression this way than 
when sung together. Possibly 
foe unavoidable comparison 
with Berio was also to blame, 
for Osborne here is deep into 
Berio’s territory of melding 
different kinds of ethnic sing- 
ing. He does it very well, even 
beautifully, but there seemed 
no real reason for those six 
people to be behaving so 

Paul Griffiths 

listening to themselves, and 
playing to their widely varied 
audiences, which has now 
made them one of the most 
highly-skilled chamber groups 
on any concert platform. 

Tuesday’s audience of well 
over 300 stretched bade into 
the shadows of foe Queen 
Elizabeth Hall, yet Domus 
continued to work by drawing 
foe listener in rathef than by 
projecting the music out. The 
sound is slim, light intensely 
active: Mozart’s E flat Piano 
Quartet barely touched the 
ground, so fluid and finely 
modulated was its phrasing 
and repartee. 

Susan Tomes, pianist and 
founder member, sparks foe 
action from the keyboard with 
quicksilver suggestions and 
anticipations, and trickling 
passages of harmonic gear- 
change. The alacrity with 
which violin (Krysia Osos- 
towiczX viola (Tim Boulton) 
and cello (Timothy Hugh) 
pass the pared of ideas and 
responses came into its own in 
their Faurt Piano Quartet in C 

This is the work which has 
just won them foe Chamber 
Music Record of foe Year 
award, and it is easy to see 
why. They dare to start and 
finish in foe eye of the storm, 
insisting on the spirit behind 
Faurt’s refinement, foe bold- 
ness within his subtlety, and 
recognize that here foe piano, 
too. is at heart a stringed 

Hilary Finch 


The Place 

The two works given by 
Extemporary Dance Theatre 
at The Place on Tuesday night 
most both have been a lot of 
fhn for their performers. 

In Elbow Room Game, we 
read, the choreographer Lau- 
rie Booth mostly gave the 
actions for the dancers them- 
selves to make up Into se- 
quences, and prescribed cer- 
tain rales to be followed. 
W ithin those limits, the danc- 
ers choose, each performance, 
whether to do their own ma- 
terial or someone rise’s, 
whether to change a solo into a 
duet, whether to dance in 

untffld Of ranftn 

It puts an awful lot of 
responsibility on the perform- 
ers, which most of Ex tem- 
porary's team are not up to. 
The outcome is busy bat 
chaotic, sincere bet naive. On 
the other hand, the outcome 
looks no sillier than many of 
Booth's other works. Presum- 
ably that merely confirms 
what one had long believed, 
that, although he Is a good 
dancer. Booth is not ranch of a 

In Audible Scenery, Steve 
Paxton defined his cootribn- ’ 
tion not as choreography but 
"scoring and direction" The 
score, he tells ns, is 27 pages of 
photo graphs of sportsmen and 
women, from which he com- 
posed set points between 
which the dancers find then- 
own way. 

Both choreographers, I 
mnst mention, were offered the 
assistance of two yoimg men to 
make noises daring the action. 
Wearing identical pyjama- 
type garments, both pointy- 
nosed and crop-headed, this 
pair bang various innocent 
instruments mercilessly. 

,y.:. ’ 


A hint of self-consciousness: Nigel Chain ock and Yolanda.. 

Snaifo in Audible Scenery (photograph by Dee Conway) - 

Paxton sensibly banished consciously stagy in imitating 
them to one-minute breaks Paxton's photo collection, but 
between three-minnte se- Sharon Donaldson danced a 
qpeuces of movement, daring well-sustained solo in th at 
which time they set oat to work and Michelle Richecoeur 
prove how unpleasant whis- brought some impetus to Ge- 
tting can be made to sound. bow Room which gained p; 

Paxton sensibly banished 
them to one-minute breaks 
between three-minnte se- 
quences of movement, daring 
which time they set oat to 
prove how unpleasant whis- 
tling can be made to sound. 

The only dancer who did 
well in both works was die 
man who rails himself just 
Tam. Extemporary’s longest- 
serving member, his smooth, 
soft movement gives him a 
bead start over others brought 
in specially for this pro- 
gramme. Some of die others, 
especially Yofende Snatth and 
Nigel Chain ock, looked self- 



degree of drama from Steve 
Whitson’s flamboyant lighting! 

One puzzle: what was a 
small, cuddly, toy koala doing, 
on top of the on-stage lighting 
control unit amid all this- 
supposed modernism «n<r 

John Percivai 





TWICE DAILY at 2.30 pm & 7.30 pm 

(19 D;cembe: jl 7.0C ?t> 24 Deterge- at 11.00 cm & 2 30 pm) 


•\ Portugal Street. London WC2 (oil Kingsway) Box Office 01-831 0660 

■ -Prior lo West Ertf Season. 

■Unt!' t Kcv •• BIRMINGHAM Hippodrome 10-15 November • NOTTINGHAM ■ Theatre Rovat 
3-8 November • BLACKPOOL • Crane! Theatre 17-29 November • MANCHESTER - Palace Theatre 



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&Ught V 

§* r >ki 

up tolL 



DAY OCTOBER 30 1986 


New road to the Globe by way of Bodley 

ou may need a little more than 
“ e of the legendary 
postage stamp to accommo- 
oa ‘ e the known facts of 

HCbu^the P^s aS 

t: " c * ‘ 11 is the ^ Bibte “o n val 

.. . trie number of edinrmc imn 


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smwML hfeanir 

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bv wt-vf . '''‘^^ 11 ?^ SnrifU" 1 ^ of ^'“’ons into which his 
* v»x .•:■ >„ n ;.’• ** x\S^ SdS,^f S r been coUected? Within the last 
S ^or forty yeap haw come the New 

Ir* i: 1 ^ «|J SJJ"®! toe Tudor, the Signet, the 
M. ... ■ y ■ J, Eg? * e ^veraide, the GtmSdge... 

StraiSJJ 1 ®*!? ^"^ops on the road to 
h> «... i V - h: M |,‘ h pL JJJJdOfd. Few, however, have the 

!hv. v“‘,V J * SSSTO? lhe consistency of this latest 

*nc:i£'\ ^'-jKSS p£E" 6010 the Oxft»d University 

W 4 -V was ncce $sary in any 

1 * SS‘£f esh “holarship has recently been 

‘ ; 1 .- “• I'-Vi*. , ' tat J Henry iy , Parr Two, with sometimes 
,v V; “ ' -n-.i^^nu ^ordinary results. And, in this de- 

i ,;v ‘ ’■ V; * c ?5 e . a lu n ^ ey idence has been gathered 
r "' •■'■■ sjm |bo u t Shakespearian pronunciation, the 

‘•a ■*’ • ." ■' '"o vbv' H^abethan theatre, and the actual 

v •. u .',‘ i ' i *'l ihi 7® printing of the plays. This is no dry 
wit* . „7' il JjIooT academ,c exercise, either, since Shaken 
LlVi. ..j. a s P ea rg . perhaps more thai> any other 

“1 t'v i . Sr«at dramatist, is intimately bound up 

‘-n thr 12 ™ toe conditions ofhis lime. Nowall 
*; fl i Vl ; ' : : ni' lhe information has been brought togeth- 

■ . ; ,?x !», r er in this most recent Complete Works. 

^ 1 . _*! ' ::i ^ tht jC Some emendations stand out more 

s«.-.-:. P .. ’ nii'liiifcT Prominently here than others. In Henry 

V. u ^ ' /l . Part One, FalsiafTbecomesOldrastle; 

l pj - . . the at, in ^ M idsummer Night ’s Dream Moth is 

1 * >. " magically transformed into Mote; Arden 

i j.: , s fc „" “ relocated in Ardenne; in Cymbeline 

1 r ‘” •‘•"'J ta.iau * Imogen is turned into Innogen; and 

| , ■ Uifcr n f1 £ Macbeth is here very boldly introduced 

” " *■ “ w w{ ?s “By William Shakespeare. (Adapted 

'* V, by Thomas Middleton)” All these 

. / ‘ ' '■ 1 '. 'ink,- v. alterations are explained and justified by 

< ■ r *- 1 y ■ . oditors, however, and there can be 

i little doubt that this edition is' closer to 

* r "- > • N \ wm'i the original texts than any previous one. 

v . 


* mi 1 ;. . 
ft ‘I'Vji { 

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1 *•«■' . 

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‘‘ n 1 hr StS 

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Peter Ackroyd on 
the closest we have 
got to Shakespeare 


By William Shakespeare 

Edited by Stanley Wells 
and Gary Taylor 
Oxford, £19.95 

chosen the latter but, in the case of King 
Lear, they have primed two separate 

So this is pie first edition fully to 
recognize the implications of one Obvi- 
ous met — that Shakespeare altered his 
plays in the light of theatrical practice. 
And in the process it has become clear 
that an author who never seemed 
particularly concerned about the print- 
ing or publication ofhis works (he never 
bothered to proof-read the Quarto 
editions brought out by his own compa- 
ny) concerned himself primarily with 
what would work upon the stage. Ben 
Jonson's report from the actors that he 
“never blotted out line” still stands, of 
course; but we have to recall that for 
Shakespeare this was only the first stage 
in a long and often complicated process. 

The language creates the reality, and 
the alternative lines here create an 
alternative world. The “Sunnc” is not . 
the “sun”; it is another object, in another 
constellation of language. To read Shake- 
speare in his original spelling is to have a 
quite different experience of his writ- 
ing — for in his words, at once recogniz- 
able and unfamiliar, we may trace the 
progress of our own longue and the 
mysteries of its change. Such an activity 
is just as integral a part of reading 
Shakespeare as any other. To print 
Shakespeare in modem spelling is to 
bowdlerize him. 

H owever, the editing of Shake- 
speare depends largely upon 
the temperament and the char- 
acter of the editor; we no 
longer live in an age of science, and there 
are no “objective” editorial standards. 
At least so it has proved, apparently, 
with the most controversial decision that 
Taylor and Wells have taken: the 
inclusion within the' Shakespearian 
canon of the poem, “Shall I die?”. They 
slate that “there is no strong reason to 
doubt the ascription”, although a lengthy 
correspondence in The Times Literary 
Supplement suggested otherwise. Cary 
Taylor put his case, and, to this neutral 
observer at least, got the worst of the 
argument. And yet here is the poem, in 
all its non-existent glory. 

This is one of those occasions when 
scholarship overreaches itself, and not all 
the computer programmes and photo- 
graphic facsimiles in the world have been 
able, to forestall it The greater the 
technical expertise and the more com- 
prehensive the scholarship, it seems, the 
larger the hubris. So now we have this 
ghastly little poem which will do nothing 
to increase Shakespeare's reputation 
(although perhaps h is a little late in the 
day to worry about that), added to the 
canon in what can only be described as a 
cavalier fashion. 

The pity is that any controversy over 
the decision may overshadow the punc- 
tilious accuracy of this edition in all 
other respects. It is a pity, too, that such a 
monument of Shakespearian scholarship 
should be even so slightly defaced; but 
there it is. One can only hope, to quote 
from the poet himselC that others will 
“Look what is best, that best I wish in 

B ut praise for the scholarship of 
this edition must be tempered, at 
least in one respect- Hus is a 
modernized version of the plays 
and, although a second volume with the 
original spellings is promised, the fact 
that this one has been published first 
suggests that it must be seen as taking 
precedence — ai least for that strange 
being known as the “general reader'’. 
The editors really enter no caveat about 
the nature of such modernization, 
however, accept to point out some of the 
difficulties involved in accurate transpo- 
sition. But the concept of any “modern” 
edition remains highly problematic — 

{ . 1 v-id I* ,s closer, too, in another sense: in The editors really enter no caveat about 

j . - irivtiM* this age of spectacle and instantaneous the nature of such modernization, 

*** • tlear t ■ - ’^»’ v ^ performance, it is appropriate that an however, except to point out some of the 

•f UN ttmrro j **•*"•»; - ii.-ncralu; ^fition of Shakespeare for the Eighties difficulties involved in accurate transpo- 

tfeg Ina ttvun | '*■'’* «h,i should be more concerned with the sition. But the concept of any “modern” 

ft* Nttjttjqrua ; " !■ » * . ‘ ■ « « :: : y theatrical aspects ofhis texts. Faced with edition remains highly problematic — 

MC-ilfcl the choice of publishing the play closer to anyone who believes that the line from 

fttvrnoHv j nr* ■= r: v„i the way it was written or the way it was . King Lear. 

Imi** *v \ *it f«* ‘ •- - • avc-j to Performed, the editors have characteris- You Fen-sudtd Fogges, drawie by the 

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kc ticaily plumped for the latter. They 
suggest that the 1604 Quarto edition of 

means the same th 
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ecu Mtitias 

This is not only the story of a 

rironnluwt*. minor ¥P ius * ^ is an escape 
V opennageo Story. The money Beatrix 
. . i c Potter made from her “tittle 
lit lUCR On books” enabled her to leave 
f . her stultifying family home, to 

icrman offu •>“>: a ft™ , . and 

Lake DistncL and finally 
‘ ' more farms and thousands of 

■ ' • • ^ * acres. But she was over 40 

i- 'L ■ before she broke away. 

. ■ jhe prosperous Potter 
.. •’i home was 2, Bolton Gardens, 

v-.. .tv: Kensington. Beatrix, bom 

. 1866, was a plam and sickly 

■ 1 v..s child, starved of companion- 
. ship. Mice, rabbits, birds, bats, 

. v and lizards took the place of 

' friends. Christmas was not 

relebrated. In her twenties,, 
v . . • ■ .i: . ^;he still wrote of the “nursery 

v: i r mthorities” who monitored 

i-.rz.ier activities. In her thirties 
:>x . :.he was a successful author, 

... . . . :?->ut a visit to a former govem- 

‘-.r.-ss near Maidenhead was a 
nqjor event, and a plan to 
isii friends in Surbiton flatly 

■ — — '""jbrbidden by her mother. 

I At 39 she became engaged 
Id her publisher Norman 

: i*t»» < - A -‘ 

Victoria economical text wedged be- 

Glendinning SS^tS^SSPS 

.. the stress firmly on Beatrix 

BEATRIX POTTER Potter’s natural gift as an 

Artist, Storyteller artist-illustrator - not only. 
Anri Countrywoman mice and rabbits, but flowers, 

fungi, insects, landscapes, and 
By Jody Taylor domestic interiors. 

_ . . , 1 ' In an essay on Beatrix 

Frederick Wame. £12.95 Potter, Graham Greene re- 

marked on her “gentle 

detachment” from violent 
Wame. -Mother, “remote and events in her stories, and 
not a tittle frightening” was diagnosed some “emotional 
appalled, and in any case ordeal” that darkened her art 
Norman died (from pemi- between 1906 and 1909, the 
cions anaemia) within weeks years in which she created 
of his proposal. But she man- Samuel Whiskas and Mr 

Wame. Mother, “remote and 
not a tittle frightening” was 
appalled, and in any case 
Norman died (from perni- 

Linda Melvem is an extreme- 
ly industrious reporter with 
considerable charm and an 
investigative bent By hick or 
good judgement she decided 
earlier this year to write a 
book about Wapping, and set 
about her task with tremen- 
dous application and energy. 

In such a rush mistakes 
were bound to occur — some 
serious, some trivia] (Sir Hugh 
Trevor-Roper) and some un- 
doubtedly due to the feet that 
News International reftised to 
co-operate. In feet, two senior 
executives of that company 
have complained to me quite 

Smoky signals 
from Wapping 

Charles Win to nr 

By Linda Melvem 

Methuen, £9.95 

Mackenzie's rousing address 
to his troops, a full note of 

aged to spend more and more 
time in the Lakel and at the 
age of 47 married her hand- 
some Lakeland solicitor Wil- 
liam Heetis. “Then over the 
hills and fer away she danced 
with Pigling Bland”, she wrote 
that year, and they really did 
live happily ever after. 

This is not a full-scale 
biography. There are illustra- 
tions on every page, the 

„ _ ,«X lrf‘ 

: . a book one turns to with constant pleasure. 

Tod. Norman Wame had died 
in 1905; but Beatrix wrote to 
Greene that she did not care 
for the Freudian school of 
criticism, and if anything 
darkened ha art it was the flu. 

Judy Taylor adopts ■ her 
subject's common-sense ap- 
proach, referring to die do- 
mestic tyranny endured by 
Beatrix without comment, 
and with rather less emotional 
colour than Beatrix used to 
describe the death of a pet 
mouse who fell off a chande- 
lier and expired in the palm of 
her hand. The effect of Miss 
Taylor’s un enquiring reti- 
cence is to make Beatrix's own 
comments, where quoted, par- 
ticularly suggestive; when she 
writes obliquely to a friend of 
“painful unpleasantness at 
home”, the house in Bolton 
Gardens takes on all the 
unspecific horror of Mr Tod's . 
lair in Bull Bank. Her art 
depended on that not-so-gen- 
tle detachment. 

fn P ^? y ^ M * ves wta ihSaSSr of Tte Tim* 
an account of conversations _j5 

““on officials, but g— ^ Sunday 

which, in feet, never took ySrefuserSteS 

I-U . “LJ"" Berry, the leading Sunday 
in act. «v ff took fSXciStcSS 

_ unhappy atmosphere of those 

Considering the speed with days is vividly recreated, and 
which the book was compiled the total failure of Hairy 
it is amazing that it contains Conroy to convince the cha- 
so much that is highly intrigu- pels they should obey NUJ 

ing and quite new. The best instructions 
chapters deal sympathetically exposed, 
with the anguished debate There are 
among the journalists over es, especial! 
whether they should move to secret $10 

and an interview with Don sembled and tested the 

Berry, the leading Sunday computer. 

Times refusenik, the tense and That system had been or- 

unhappy atmosphere of those dered in February 1 985, short- 
Jays is vividly recreated, and ly after a meeting in 
the total failure of Hairy Murdoch’s New York apart- 
Conroy to convince the eba- ment when the plan for a new 
pels they should obey NUJ London evening, the London 
instructions is withermgly Post, first took shape. There is. 
ixposed. of course, still heated debate 

There are other good patch- about whether Murdoch ever 
es, especially the details of the intended to launch any eve- 

• -j moving all his papers to 

ri -% n In Wapping. “Of that there is no 

XIVMl^llS doubt at alL” He had beard 

Murdoch call Wapping the 

r m ■ “bear trap”. On the other 

S') ry hand Charles Wilson, present 

{A 1)1 ill IV' editor of The Times and then 
r AAA r") editoral director of the Post, 
. says, “I never had any doubt 
kVintnnr that it was the Group's inten- 

rvmiuur tion to produce the Post." 

ruu cn> rrrrr V jt ^ 3 ^P- then some 

ineolKtcl union leaders knew more 

Metvem about it than they lei on. Two 

, £9.95 junior chapel officials from 

-- ■ _ . ■ ■ ■ Bouvcrie Street gathered all 

. _ .. . the information they could on 

the story, ^myhes people”, what was happening behind 
as they were called after the the barbed wire, eventually 
project leader, were lodged in assembling an impressive dos- 
“safe houses”, while they as- sier, which they were invited 

whether they should move to secret $10 million contract ning paper at all. One execu- 
Wapping or not. Aided by a between Rupert Murdoch and five believes that from the first 
snuggled tape recording of Alex. Only le Carre himself day the Post was mentioned 
Sun editor Kelvin could have done full justice to . Murdoch had always intended 

to present to Brenda Dean: but 
il looks as if her inexperience 
of national newspapers left her 
not fully grasping the signifi- 
cance of what she was being 

There are many nuggets of 
information in this book. 
Missing is analysis, perspec- 
tive. significance. 1 found The 
Times serialization more sat- 
isfactory than the book, which 
seems deeply flawed. None- 
theless it is must reading for 
anyone interested in the last 
days of Fleet Street. 

In The Times 


reviews crime 
Navrozov on 
popular verse 

Take life in small doses 

‘gST ^ 

7LS April 26 1985 

■ ■ ■ The Times UterarySupplement is the world's pie-eminent 
"** * terary weekly, it reviews over two and a half thousand books 

, . ■ * year, of which The New Oxford Compaition to E nglis h 

JJt* f y ** terature (worth £17.50) edited by Margaret Drabble is one. 

* ! Thke out a year’s subscription to the TLS by completing ti 

» * h1 " •- - 

srsk *±z r - ■ 


TSke out a year’s subscription to the TLS by completing tin 
: .rm below and sending it with your cheque or credit card 
i nnber to the address shown, and this splendid book will be 


■ The Times Literary Supplement 

Please send me a year's subscription to The Times 
n UterarySupplement plus my free copy of 

The New Oxford companion to English Literature. 



Winner of the 1 986 Booker Prize 


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• aaa — t - * ' ■ ■ ** 



a) l enclose my cheque for £40 made 
payable to The Times Supplements. 

b) Please charge my credit card 

Signed — 

Newspapers are less enter- 
prisii^ than they used to be af 
pubtishing fiction: at any rate 
of the short story kind. The 
conventional wisdom is that 
the short story is a dying art n , ... u . 
form In the United Kingdom, rullip nOWSTu 

not worth the troebie for 

ambitions writers, and with a BEST SHORT 
dwindling number of outlets. STORIES 1986 

Si? pity ' *T* Edited by Giles Gonlon 

The muuatnre form can make rja-jH Hushes 


times, on the tube or in bed at WINTER S TALES 
the end iff a hard day, when Edited by Robin 

one needs a hundred -metre Baird-Smitfa 

dash rattier than a marathon . Constable, £8.95 

collections snatest THE OXFORD 


as often, quite wrong. Newspa- GHOST STORIES 

pers may be «n imaginative; Cboseo by Michael 

but there are plenty of maga- Cox & RA Gilbert 
zines aroond publishing excel- Oxford, £12.95 

lent short stories of afl sorts. -■ ■ — 

The first anthology here has 

selected 'from a vast range of Oakes is the only short story 

nnklwNiKAitC frnm n y n—nu rannta* tft nanfw pu i in luttli 


please tickD 

Card No im I I I I I i I IT-I I T1 | 

Fltfdse send this coupon together with vour payment to UnctaBardea R 
7 nc r. hk L ir^.{irt' Supoierwnt. Pnorv House. St Johns Law. a 

London ECi^BX. England | 

liter is open to new subscribers in lhe OKorriy and doses on 31 October 

From Lucky Jim to Stonley and the 

Women, read his pas; mester pieces 

in Pena u in. 

puhlkatioas from Woman's 
Own to the loyal London 
Magazine. It provides short 
stories to fit all depths of brow, 
from Alice Thomas Eilk es- 
caping from the horrors of 
family Christmas by swapping 
places with an angel away in a 
niche, to Barbara Carttand 
plucking the heart-strings in 
Regency dnWand. The tech- 
I niqnes nume from the kick in 
the solar plexus to the gradnal 
building op of atmosphere. 
J.G. Ballard supplies the most 
original format 100 brief but 
increasingly weird answers to 
a questionnaire. There is less j 
scope for psendery than to full- j 
length novels, bat 1 did stum- , 
bfe over: “In other words, it is 
a modality of time’s 
articulation”, and gave up with 
a snarl Most of them capture 
a moment of insight or crisis in 
somebody’s life, which illumi- 
nates his or her whole exis- 
tence; and sometimes oars. 

Robin Baird -Smith's stories 
are all published for the first 
time, and. are all by well- 
known literary pros. Philip 

sprinter to perform in both 
books. In Winter’s Tales yon 
can snrprise or delight your- 
self, or make the hair at the 
nape of your neck bristle, from . 
Borges to Jane Gardam, and . 
from a spiky M oriel Spark to 
a marvellous tale by Monka 

Furlong about a little dumb 
boy coming raging to life. 

I am never sore about the 

ghcst^storyftoonJTyM can I 



10-6 dafty untfl 12 Nov 

113-119 Charing Cross Road 
London W.C2 

trace it back to Apnkins and 
the younger Pliny. OK for 
ejring small boys a defirious 
frisson after lights out, bat a 
bit silly now we're grown-up. 
Bat there is no doubt that the 
taste for ghosts has survived 
into the age of electric light, 
television, and world war. The ! 
handsome Oxford collection of I 
spooks publishes 42 ghost 1 
stories written between 1829 
and 1968. It is notable how 
many women wrote ghost sto- 
ries, in the same way chat they 
wrote the Gothic novel. Per- 
haps Victorian women,, being 
on the margins of society, were 
attracted by the margins of 
reality and the visible. Any- 
way, for those with the ram 
craving for having the day- 
lights scared oat of yon by a 
nasty miasma from the grave- 
yard, or by the sonnd of naked 
feet coming down the stairs, 
measuring the descent with 
something between a pound 
and a flop, very ugly to hear, 
there is plenty of flesh-creep- 
ing matter here. 

If you like / i 

books, / 

you’ll love 2^^/ 


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Call us fora complimentary 

01-581 4393 01-245 0935 
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of the 



Tom Hutchinson 

By William Gibson 

GoUancz. £8.95 

Science fiction knows exactly 
how it got to its present from 
its past. If is the most self- 
aware of genres. Therefore H is 
appropriate chat its current 
hero is William Gibson, him- 
self the most self-aware of 
practitioners in the field. 

This collection of short sto- 
ries maintains the brilliant 
impetus of his novels Necro- 
mancer and Count Zero, ex- 
ploring again the Gibson 
world of urban decay built on 
mechanical marvels: punk 
strained through the mesh of 
high-tech in a society where 
computers don't just solve 
problems, they compete. 

That Mr Gibson knows 
what he is achieving is re- 
vealed in one story, “The 
Gernsback Continuum” in 
which a photographer is 
haunted by idealized images 
from the sdeorifiction pulp- 
magazines of The Thirties: 
“The designers were popu- 
lists, you see: they were trying 
to give the public what it 
wanted. What the public want- 
ed was the future.” 

At once a lament and a 
critique, these stories show tire 
way SF is being rewired. 
Gibson, his finger jftteriogly 
on the Easi-forward button, 
shows the direction in which 
our literature migbl be headed. 

• Science Fiction: Ten Explo- 
rations, by C.N. Manlove 
(Macmillan Press, £ ‘25 ) . Hie 
author's scholarly — he's 
Reader in English Literature 
at the University of Edin- 
burgh — analysis of such 
works as Asimov’s Foundation 
Trilogy and Frank Herbert’s 
Dune will be limited in reader- 
ship because of price. 

• The Doings of Rallies Haw, 
by Arthur Conan Doyle 
(GreenhiU, £8.95). Yet another 
golden oldie to more ways than 
ever alchemists dreamed 
a boot, in which a mysterious 
stranger comes to the Mid- 
lands countryside and builds a 
factory-sized laboratory^, 
manufacturing what? An early 
Doyle, it is at once simplistic 
and sentimental, bnt its narra- 
tive tog is strong as a hawser. 


His sequel to 





Falling towards 

His sequel to 




1 'Mv 

I f V 1 T 
If \V 
1/ 1/ 








Record maker with no 






e must have been aw- 
ful at 18. His pale face; 
long hair and black- 
rimmed glasses peer 
out of the newspaper 
clippings of the day with all the 
chic, po-faced smugness of 1968. It 
was a time when the young were 
adored, few more so than the editor 
of Student magazine. 

“Richard Branson does care." 
breathed Audrey Slaughter in the 
London Evening Mews. “So does 
his editorial team. They're young 
L themselves: they've probably suf- 
6 fered themselves. And they know 
ih, only too well the agony of not 
Re, knowing where to turn for help." 
idlj Those were different limes. No- 
hostfody falls for gilded youth any 
Repinore. But Branson is still cropping 
Pnp in the cuttings, smiling now and 
pajgnflki ng everybody uneasy. It is not 
'-ult to see why. for he is the 
■ s o has made a £250 million 

H ^out of the by-products of 

was a laid-back, caring 
gling, like everybody 
From Micbetter world. Now he is a 
Dedl laid-back, but prepar- 
. _ ~ „ ;h the Virgin Group on 

MrtaryHaw^ in ^ next ^ 
Colorado sena* 

Branson was born in 

family whose menfolk 
tender for his ; sjx ’ eralions . ^ 

It was a ge$Hj s father was struggling 
from i the meg hj s way in the profession. 
His mother. Eve Huntiey-FIindt, 
had been a dancer — playing Peter 
Pan in London — and an air hostess 
in South America in the Thirties, 
when you had to wear an oxygen 
mask if you flew over mountains. 

They lived at Shamley Green, 
near Guildford in Surrey. Branson 
was sent away to school at eight 
Academically he was pretty much a 
write-off. though he was an impres- 
sive athlete. He was sent to a 
crammer at Seaford. Sussex, where 
he improved enough academically 
to be admitted to Stowe. 

By the age of 16 he had Bung 
himself into preparations for a 
national magazine, first for school- 
children and subsequently for stu- 
dents. He spent his time in the 
phone box outside the school 
library, soliciting ads for the first 
edition, and inside the library 
writing letters to names in Who's 
Who, demanding contributions. 
He estimates that he received one 
article for every 50 letters. 

Then, with £3.000 worth of 
advertising under his beh. he left 
Stowe in the summer of 1967. In 
January’ 1968 the first issue of 
Student appeared. It was emphati- 
cally not a journal of the counter- 
culture. Branson's magazine 
copied the best professional prod- 
ucts of the lime — Nova and the 
Sunday colour supplements — and 
went for big-name interviews, plus 
practical issues of student life. 

He printed 50.000 and sold 
them. The next three years were 
taken up with day-and-night hus- 
tling for ads. Issues appeared once 
they were paid for. Even so, they 
did manage to reach a circulation 
ofl 00.000. 

Then Branson's girlfriend be- 
came pregnant and, appalled by the 

inadequacy of agencies available to 
help them, he set up the Student 
Advisory Centre in 1970. The baby 
was aborted and he proceeded to 
help his contemporaries with simi- 
lar problems, plus the usual round 
of drugs and depression, from the 
crypt of a church in Paddington. 

In 1969 Branson had, on a 
hunch, placed an ad in Student for 
cheap mail-order records. The 
response was embarrassingly large 
in view of the fact that Branson had 
no actual records. He could not go 
direct to the record companies, 
who were trying to prevent exactly 
the son of price-cutting operation 
he was setting up. Eventually he 
found a shop-owner in the East 
End who would sell to him. 
Meanwhile, he had closed the 
magazine; Virgin mail order took 
off and publishing was. for the 
moment, abandoned. 

houseboat for £200 in 1967. Two 
years later he married an American 
artist, who persuaded him that she 
needed more space. They sold the 
boat and bought a house. His wife 
then fell in love with the purchaser 
of the boat and moved badt in with 
him. They were divorced, and for 
the last 11 years be has lived with 
Joan Tempi emann, with whom he 
has had two children — Holly, aged 
four, and Sam, aged one. The latest 
houseboat in Little Venice is now 
his office. They have a London 
home nearby and a house near 

Shipton Manor. 


ut Virgin quickly grew 
over-confident. The 
company was landed 
with a £60.000 bill for 
back taxes, and at the 
same time, the whole business was 
threatened • by a postal 
strike. Branson's lieutenant. Nick 
Powell, one of a growing band, was 
despatched to find a shop in 
Oxford Street He came across an 
empty floor above a shoe shop at 
the eastern end. They took it and 
on opening day in January 1971 the 
queue stretched all the way down 
to Tottenham Court Road. 

Once more Branson was ahead 
of the game, but he had to move 
quickly. The big competitors, when 
they woke up, would want to stamp 
out this price-cutting upstart so he 
had to grow as fast as possible. He 
opened shops across the counuy. 
Overheads were kept to the mini- 
mum; he was simply piling ’em 
high and selling 'em cheap. 

For £25.000 the company also 
bought Shipton Manor near Ox- 
ford and started converting it into a 

recording studio. In 1972 the 
Virgin record label was born with a 
world-wide success, Mike 
Oldfield's Tubular Bells. 

After hitting a bad patch in the 
mid-Seventies. when its first batch 
of musicians had fallen from 
fashion, the label was revived and 
the signing of the Sex Pistols in 
1977 was followed by such Eighties 
successes as Phil Collins and Boy 

George. Meanwhile the shops 
established themselves as more 
sophisticated megastores, retailing 
the diverse but all pop-related 
products now coming from the 
parent group — videos, books and 
so on. Gradually Virgin had be- 
come a loose collection of related 

Branson had established a now- 
familiar lifestyle. He had bought a 


On public speaking: “People 
assumed I knew everything about 
being a student, so I was 
asked by German television to 
make a speech on the steps of 
L> Diversity College. First there 
was Tariq Ali and Daniel 
Cohn-Bendit and then I forgot 
my lines after about two 
minutes. I've never done it s in c e ." 

Trgin: 1 

with everything. I've often 
thought of setting np 
businesses just for the name — 
like Virgin Foods or a model 
agency called Virgin Girls." 

On the early days in business: 
“The motive was survival rather 
than making money. What we 
were really about was a way of 

life, doing things we were 
interested in." 

On his failed Event magazine: 
“It was the only time I've ever 
had to lay people off. It goes 
without saying it was very 
unpleasant. At the same time, 
if you're not willing to take a 
calculated risk, yonll never do 

On new projects: “I immerse 
myself completely in any new 
venture, then appoint people 
to run it nod stand back." 

On unions: “It hasn't cropped 
op, bnt if somebody wanted to be 
a member they could be. If 
they did, though, 1 would think 
we had failed." 

jrgin, in the interval, has come 
into its own in the Eighties. It has 
become a major force in the leisure 
industry. Offices were opened rap- 
idly in 20 countries, the payroll 
rose to 2 ,500 people and it turned 
over £325 million last year. Its 
most spectacular expansion was 
into Virgin Atlantic Airlines. 

For the flotation, which takes 
place in the next few weeks, the 
airline will be split off as a separate 
company because the City does not 
feel such businesses are as instantly 
attractive as Virgin’s core opera- 
tions. Some 25 per cent of the 
company is to be offered. Branson 
owns 85 per cent malting him 
worth around £200 million. Most 
of his proceeds will find their way 
back into the business, some to buy 
out the airline. 

Branson has again become a 
darling of the media; he indulges in 
stums like breaking the record for 
crossing the Atlantic in a boat or 
abseiling down Centre Point for 
charity. Latterly, he has taken on 
the Government's UK 2000 cam- 
paign to dean up Britain. The style 
reinforces the image of the rock 
and roll industrialist who made it 
big by being nice. 

The houseboat that doubles as 
the head office of a £250 million 
corporation looks like the interior 
of the bouse of a polytechnic 
I a bit ora time of it 


18 in 

1950: Bom Jut 
1967: Leaves! 

1968; January 26, first issue of 
Student magazine 
1969: Start of Virgin maS-ortJer 
operation. Branson 
marries, but marriage 
breaks uo after two yeacs 
1970: Starts Student Advisory 
Centre, now known as Help 
1971: Fust Virgin record shop 
opens in Oxford Street 
1973: Wgin record label 

1976: First Vagin nightclub, 

The Venue, opens 
1977: Branson signs the Sex 
Pistols after both EMI and 
A&M have decided they 
are too hot to handle 
1990: Downturn In record 

business leads to purge of 
non-profit-maldng bands 
1984: Virgin Atlantic airline 

launched. Now fBes London 
to Holland, Miami, and 
New York 

1985: Virgin wins Business 
Enterprise Award for 
company of the year. 
Attempt on Blue Riband for 
crossing Atomic fails . 
when Virgin Atlantic 
Challenger sinks 
1986: Branson put in r 
of Government's J 

Breaks record for Atlantic 
crossing. Virgin to go 
pubfic In November 

in the late Sixties. It is all stripped 
pine, flowery upholstery and ad 
hoc ornamentation. Only the 
peach-coloured silk cumins sug- 
gest a different scale of wealth. 

Branson stares downward when 
he speaks of himself or the past Afl 
his eye-contact is reserved for talk 
of the business today. Now aged 36, 
for more than 20 years be has been 
hustling virtually day and night to 
make his ideas work. 

I n effect, he has done nothing 
else. He speaks wistfully of 
his business philosophy as 
something that may one day 
do the world some good by 
p arading other companies to 
treat their employees more 
sympathetically. But, on balance, 
he seems to have had as many 
rows, fought as many battles, and 
proved himself as ruthlessly deter- 
mined to win as any other success- 
ful businessman. 

“We are not trying to change 
society and we never were trying to 
change society." he says. “I didn't 
have any ideology, just some of the 
things that came out of the Sixties, 
like better treatmoit of minorities, 
which 1 happen to agree with.” 

While we speak, Branson breaks 
off periodically to add to a long list 
of things to remember, which he 
keeps in an A4 spiral-bound note- 
book. Lite many successful people, 
he seems one-dimensional and 
conscious of it He reads little and 
was never interested in music. • 
Branson has been in perpetual 
motion since the Sixties: organ- 
izing, being gripped by successive 
enthusiasms and always wanting to 
go somewhere, to do something. 
Such all-purpose restlessness was, 
of course, the primary characteris- 
tic of that decade. In Branson's 
version it just happened to prove 
workable well into the Eighties. 

lecturer who had a bit i 

Bryan Appleyard 

gn— « N—pre— m ms 

the lines 


I * 
1 0 

1 i 


i > 

Who better could have been 
entrusted with taking the curl 
oat of die British 
wich than steam w™ and 
trencherman David Sumner? 
His credentials — .bewas 

formerly managrngdffertW’or 

British Tramport Hotefe- 
are impressive, ms figure 
expansive and his plans 
ambitious. . 

“My dream is that people 
will say on Sunday: ‘Let s go 
to Cardiff for the day. We 
know we shaft get a nice meat „ 

on the train-'" 

As first-dass passengers,, 
on the 1230 IoterCity from - 
Easton to Manchester, we . 
would have lunch brought to j 
our seats. So we scanned the . 
menu over gin and tonic . 
(£1.75) and designer water . 
(SSp fora small bottle). 1 was 
pressed to choose the chefs ; 
special of the day, an individ- 
ual beef Wellington (£1 1-95). . 
Mr Sumner opted for the 
fillet of sole dnglere (£8-95). . 
We would both start with 
mushroom soup (9Sp). 

Soap and bread arrived hot 
from the galley. The saoce on. 
Mr Stunner's sole looked - 
awful, floury and glutinous. 
My beef Wellington seemed a . 
winner until a stewardess , 
poured thick brown grpvy all ■ 
over the pastry, bat it was; 
pretty soggy inside as weU. 
The cauliflower was watery s 
and overcooked under its _ 
cheese sauce. 

This is Cuisine 2000, the * 
latest in a series of BR 
innovations. Mr . 
Sumner is currently convert- ‘ 
mg one carriage a week to die •.» 
new system. The food is ; 
prepared — cooked and 
chilled - by airiiae caterers at . 
Luton and Manchester, put 
aboard the trains in the . 
familiar airline trolleys and . 
reheated in the galleys. . 

In theory. Cuisine 2,000 
offers travellers a wider 
choice of dishes: in practice, 
the new menu looks little - 
different from the one it .* 
replaces. The posh pub-grub : 
Style of cooking — no nouvtlle - 
nonsense here — is un- 
ashamedly masculine in its * 
appeal, which seems to be :■ 
commer cially die right move : 
became meal sales. have in- 
creased by 50 per cent on - 
trains converted so far. From 
die passengers' perspective, 
however, the real revolution . 
happened overnight in the 
buffet cars when TelferX the 
pie people, and Tnisthonse 
Forte took over BR’s sand- 
wich business from railway 
staff! In five months, sales of 
sandwiches on BR have more 
Hum doubled. Buffet business 
as a whole has increased by - 
150 per cent, Mr Sumner 
claime d. 

Tucking into a plate of 
lavishly buttered toast on our ' 
homeward journey, he out- 
lined some of his plans for 
putting a tree taste of Britain, 
onto the railways. I look , 
forward to ordering a Cornish ; 
cream tea on West Country * 
trains — with real cream. 





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Launch parties, please 

Richard Ormond dreams of a 
champagne bottle and some- 
one with about £5 million to 
spare, the prerequisites for his 
most ambitious caper yet - a 
maritime museum on water. 
Outline proposals for the mu- 
seum, partly in London’s dis- 
used docks and partly in a 
building with a floor covered 
in water, have already been 
approved by the London 
Docklands Development Cor- 
poration. “It would be a sort 
of 12-month boat show," says 
Ormond, the new director of 
the National Maritime Mu- 
seum (the one on land in 

Ancient craft restored to at 
least river-worthiness will be 
back in their element, some 
giving rides, like the wonder- 
ful 1893 Thames Conservancy 
boat Donota, which looks 
more like a floating tea par- 
lour than an official launch. 
Modern craft, too, will feature. 
The museum already has the 
Cowes Trophy winner, 
Surfury. the ofTshore 

It is one of about 70 boats 
from canoes and Mirror din- 
ghies to Thames barges and 
river steamers, a third of them 
on show in Neptune HaU, 
mostly high on walls, on 
plinths and hanging from the 
ceiling, and ail sadly dry. “The 
idea is that the museum would 
be tied in to a developer, 
whoever was planning the 
development would add a 
little bit on to create the actual 
building for us. We've worked 
out how we see it.” 

They hope it will be in 
Canary Wharf, handily placed 
for the new light railway that is 
racing towards completion; 
the LDDC see it in the next 
dock up. the North Quay. 
“The main problem seems to 
be that the light railway would 
mean they couldn't bring in 
tall boats." an LDDC spokes- 
man said. 

For the Boat Centre, as it 
will be called, also intends to 
organize historic boat regattas, 
to celebrate craft of a particu- 

From humble canoes 
to Thames barges, 
the Boat Centre has 
incredible hulks but 
no place to call home 

AD aboard: Richard Ormond 
on a tag in the Neptune Hall 

lar type or age. “And we want 
to be able to offer free over- 
night berthing to interesting 
boats of all types," says Ste- 
phen Riley, Ormond's curator 
of ships and antiquities, “We 
want them to feel that the Boat 
Centre is a natural home, and 
it will mean that there is 
always something different to 

Ormond and Riley hope 
that the legions of ancient boat 

collectors, who form them- 
selves into organizations like 
the Albert Strange Association 
and the Old Gaffers* Associ- 
ation, will see the Centre as 
their Mecca, and they will be 
consulting closely with the 
Maritime Trust, owners of the 
Cutty Sark (which will stay at 

“We've been inhibited in 
acquiring things simply be- 
cause we haven't bad the 
space to display than," says 
Riley. Ormond adds: “There 
is no reason why many of our 
most ancient craft shouldn't 
be on the water — they have all 
been property restored — and 
there is no reason either why 
we should not be looking at 
the most up-to-date boats, 

There will be demonstra- 
tions of sail-making, canoe- 
building and crafts, but the 
plan to base the NMM's 
marine archaeology depart- 
ment there, for the tourists to 
watch, has been rejected. “It 
seemed to have the immediate 
appeal of watching a plank 
warp.'* says Riley. 

This isn't the first attempt at 
establishing the Boat Centre. 
Ormond inherited this 
particular gleam in the eye 
from Neil Cossons, his prede- 
cessor. The original plan, for a 
£10 million centre near the 
Greenwich- Isle of Dogs foot 
tunnel, went under beneath, 
the pressure of local opinion 
and ancient covenants, which 
said that there should be no 
building in the area; practical 
problems of the tidal race, 
which would make “pleasure 
boat" trips impossible, and 
the need For some sort of pier 
protruding into the raver, 
which the Port of London 
Authority did not like. 

Sadly, the Boat Centre will 
not be ready in time for the 
National Maritime Museum's 
half-century celebrations next 
year, but it could be in 
operation in 1989. 

Simon Tait 

g) Tkaos H— upw Ltd IMS . 



1 Fracture support (6) 

2 Descend steeply (6) 

3 Porches (8) 

4 Tmpfont(6) 

5 S African settler (4) 

6 OM age feebleness (6) 

7 Constricting snake 

12 : Navy recall force 


M Wallet (8) 18 Seapmk(6) . 

15 Rest in peuce(I.U) 29 Damage (6) 

16 Performing group.(6) 21 Northern stoat (6) 

17 Guarantee (6) 23 Island (4) 


ACROSS: 1 Unwind 4Qtiendi 7 Nine 8 Aberrant 9 De- 
ceased L3 Pea 16 Efflorescence 17 Nfr 19 Hilarity 24 Annan- . 
der 25 Glib 26 Syntax 27 Nook 

DOWN: I Ulna 2 Wonderful 3 Drama 4 Queue 5 Ears 6 Ca- 
noe 19 Epoch II Shell 12 Decor UPmatdla 14 Nod 15 
Mean 18 Irony 29 Index 21 Apron 22 Bast 23 Able 


# Calling all f 
Warwick Graduates! 

The University of Warwick is celebrating its 21st 
anniverscuy. Graduates and diplomates of the 
University are cordtatty invited to attend the 
anrtiueraary celebrations. 

If you would Wee toieceive your invBation, sfmpty 
return the coupon on or before 3rd November 1986. 

... — — — 

Stanome: Ptof/Pr/Mt/Mg/Mias/Ms 

forenames: ^ ' . ' • _ 

Address: ■ 

- . _ Po s tco de- _ 

TeLNo. (Daytime* - i '■ . bmeofftrth: / 

Me* surna me af goduoB on BdK terentfrom above^ 

Degree attained: J _ year tt OtadikatM- 

Subjects) of Degree:- / • 


Senate House, Unl«era8y of Warwick. Ct 
Telephone: (0203) 523773. 



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When Esther Rantzen touched on the 
sexual abuse of children in March, the 
response was phenomenal. Tonight on 
BBC 1 she launches' the ChildWatch 
campaign against a cruel yet common 
crime. Sally Brompton investigates 


■j/vf; ^ - .? 



K ate Adams was 
three years old 
when her father 
raped her for the 
first time. She was 
about 12 when he stopped, 
unnerved by her fits of hys- 
teria and perpetual ill-health. 
He did, however, continue to 
make sexual and physical 
assaults on her 12 younger 
brothers and sisters. “The 
worst pan of my childhood 
was lying in bed listening to 
him abuse all the others," 
Kate recalls. 

Even today, at the age of SO, 
Kate looks back on her shat- 
tered childhood with a mix- 
ture of sorrow, aqger and 
humiliation. To say that she is 
one of -the lucky ones is to 
make a mockery of the phys- 
ical and emotional torture and 
deprivation which she suf- 
fered during those most 
vulnerable and formative 
years: yet, Kate herself insists 
that she is lucky because she 
has finally come to terms with 
her past and is, at last, able to 
talk about what she describes 
bitterly as her “dirty” 

Less fortunate are the hun- 
dreds of thousands of men, 
women and children who 
remain locked in a nightmare 
world of silence for a variety 
of reasons — they may be too 

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I»1 Sr ■ i . — : * - P-SHn» 

tub UlriTiMC — I The experts stress that even 

■ vlWlllWo. I non-touching forms of sexual 
abuse, such as indecent expo- 
lemfied to reveal their secret, sure, can have long term and 
afraid that they will not be traumatic effects on the vic- 
believed, scared that they will tnn. 

be blamed, or simply deterred 
by the social stigma that still 
surrounds victims of sexual 

It is this veil of silence that 
has for centuries enabled the 

“From our clinical experi- 
ences we know that adults' 
who as children were sub- 
jected to a non-touching sex- 
ual experience with a parental 
figure were totally rocked by 



■ v< 

• ; : fc-‘ 

vast majority of child abusers that for years," says Dr Tony 
to get away with their sadistic Baker, consultant child and 

and depraved behaviour. It 
has also disguised the true 
extent of the problem. A 
MORI poll carried out in 1 984 
discovered that more than one 

family psychiatrist for the 
Kingston Health Authority. 
M Jt somehow contaminated 
their adult relationships." 
Such incestuous behaviour 

Kate Adams today and 
(above) at 11 years old, 
when she had been abnsed 
by her father for eight years 


in 10 adults had been saxuaDy is sol confined, as is popularly 
abused as children (over 80 believed, to the lower classes. 

per cent of them by members 
of their own family circle) and 

it occurs among families from 
every social, ethnic and eco- 

about half that number had nomic background. It can 
suffered some form of touch- have devastating long-term 

ing abuse. 

effects such as mental illness. 

Dr Baker, chairman of the anorexia and even suicide. 
Standing Committee on Sex- Recent research has revealed 
ually Abused Children that 30 per cent of all children 
(SCOSAQ, believes that the in care, 45 per cent of ebug and 
10 per cent figure is an alcohol abusers, 75 per cent of 
underestimate. “TTiirteen per female prostitutes, 90 per cent 
cent of the people invited to rof male prostitutes and 90 per 
take part in the MORI poll cent of rapists were sexually 
refused and I think that masks- abused as children, 
a higher figure,” he argues. The effects on Kate Adams 
“Their reason for refusing lias were less obviously dramatic 
to be an emotionally-laden but none the less profound, 
one, possibly indicating a “When you're a little child 
more serious form of offence.” and this happens to you, you 

think everybody does it — you 
think it's a normal way of life. 
But as you get older you 
realize it's wrong and you 
think, "Surely not everyone 
does this.' Then you realize 
they don't, and that's when 
you get screwed up." 

At school, Kate became a 
rebel who found it difficult to 
make friends. She went 
shoplifting “to' get my own 
back on life” and grew into a 
promiscuous teenager. 

- “Basically, I was attracted 
to anyone who really made a 
fuss of me," she says. “I'd 
never had any cuddles and 
that was what I wanted more 
than anything. I still da 

“When I was very young I 
was attracted to older men. I 

always used men.' I used to 
think, *If they want something 
out of me IH try to get as 
much out of them as 1 can,' 
and that's an awful way to be. I 
think I do still use 

She married young, mainly 
to escape her father who, even 
after he ceased sexually abus- 
ing her, still mistreated her 
and threatened to kill her if 
she told anyone what had 

Kate was in her thirties 
when her father died of a heart 
attack while serving a four- 
year prison sentence for phys- 
ical child- abuse. Kale's 
bitterness extends to her 
mother, now dead, whom she 
has never been able to forgive 

for doing nothing to stop the 

“I'm sure my mother knew 
what was happening but 
whenever I tried to tell her 
about it she pretended not to 
believe me. When 1 was a very 
little girl she used to smack me 
like a jealous woman." 

Now divorced, Kate still has 
nightmares about her child- 
hood. “All my life, until 
recently, I lived a lie which 
eventually caused me to have 
a nervous breakdown. I never 
had children because 1. would 
have been so worried if they 
had been daughters. 1 know 1 
would have watched them all 
the time." 

It is this Cyclical pattern of 
child abuse which greatly con- 

predictable long-term legacy 
of child abuse, the immediate 
effects are devastating to a 
child — especially since it is 
quite common for children to 
hold themselves to Name for 
i their parents' actions. 

One woman in her early 
twenties, who wrote to Esther 
Ramzen's ChildWatch pro- 
gramme. compares her child- 
hood to a time-bomb "just 
waiting for dad to explode”. 
Sexually and physically 
abused by her father for most 
of her childhood, her reaction 
was typical — “I felt hatred 
■ towards myself. I felt it was 
^ my fault. 1 must have done 

jjjT - something really bad to make 

Jjgsl* -- him hate me but I don't know 

, "I pretended it didn't mat- 

* . i.JwlHFifi ter. 1 would go on the run, just 
i staying out and for a while 

taking tranquillizers. I cut 
myy}f — l don’t reafly know 

N ow married, with 
two small chil- 
dren, she says: “I 
thought this was 
the new beginning. 

UK I VC My dad said he wanted a new 

sian with me and I was stupid 
tiaxrpr hnH enough to believe he'd for- 
LLC V d JJLCIAJL given me. 1 trusted him for the 
1 i t first time. Then, one day last 

rmlnrfm year, it came to light that he 

wJJXIVkJ. vU.# • • was sexually interfering with 
r -j j my daughter. 1 wanted to die. I 

I WHIT n trusted him and he betrayed 
j, wt v lAAVk my daughter, f never thought 
Uaam he would hurt her because he 
nd-V C DCCIl seemed to love her so much. 

. _ “I'm now watching a real- 

or\ ti/AtTIPn ^ life nightmare. It's me all over 
pU WUIllvVl «/ again and I seem helpless to 

do anything to help my daugh- 
, ter through this. 

Kate Adams today and “He has been to court and 
(above) at 11 years old, been convicted and has bom 
when she had been abnsed given probation but who does 
by her father for eight years this help? Certainly not us or 

him. I can't ever see an end to 
my nightmare or to child 

C v^arn vJ 13 Whilc some “P* 5 ™ believe 

actual incidents of child 
mio chfld abusers themselves, flb rising, the main 

female victims often suffer ^t, for the ctSrent soaring 
mtense anxiety a^ut thttr j n netted cases is 

own children suffenng in the ch^ng public attitudes and 

*8*%^ fnr agrelterawarenesson the part 
A very tricky time for 0 f he professionals. 

1S JS * n **2 Even so. Dr Baker believes 
children reach the age at much more should be 
'k I,C £i done *o train teachers, social 

tSSLSHSa. . S E2.& woricere, and family doctors to 

a greater awareness on the pan 
of the professionals. 

Even so. Dr Baker believes 
that much more should be 

Brendan MacCarthy, a leading 

recognize, understand and 
child psychiatnst and psycho- lrea f lhe vjc , inis of child 

analyst. I have known moth- j^ual abuse. “The problem is 
era who were afraid to go out lhat m n0 H t enough 

ofthehouse to buy a bottkof , with enough expen- 

milk if it meant leaving the 
father alone in the house with 
the child." 

ence to be able to offer 
training We really need train- 

White soef. deep-rooted i°S «> r the trainers.- 



© Thnn (tampaem Lid IMS 

Individual tales of child abuse are invariably harrowing. Now professional help 
will be only a telephone call ^way 4 but can the system cope, with the flood? 

Support at the end of the line 


w w -pr hen Esther 
* 1 / Rantzeu invited 
1/1/ television riew- 
¥¥ osto said her- 
▼ v their personal 
experiences of child abase and 
neglect, one 13-year old girl 
wrote: "I walk home slowly 
from school hoping I'm going 
' to be magged, raped or ran 

over because I know that 
' whatever is going to happen to 
■* me isn't going to be as bad as 
what is going to happen when I 
get in." 

Of tire 3,000 viewers who 
{ completed the confidential 35- 

[ page ChildWatch ques- 

tionnaire, 90 per cent revealed 
that they had been — or were 
stiU being — sexually abused 
by, in nine cases out of 10, 
members of their own family. 

For many it was the first 
time they had disclosed their 
experience to anyone. “I was 
shocked, but mostly I was very 
angry," Esther Rantzen says. 
-Some of the detiuls of the 
rruelty we have uncovered has 
hown me a kind of nightmare 
(orid which I thought was 
r niy inhabited by concentra- 
ion fiwp victims." 

The two-honr-long Child- 
Vatck programme, to be tde- 
ised tonight on BBC1, will 
Iso promote the iannchiBg of 
hildLine, a 24-hour tele- 
bone help line for children in 
noble or danger, manned by 
rofessionals and based on 
ImBar schemes in Sweden 
nd the Netherlands. “The 
lea is that we identify very 
ariy <m what the chili's 
robtems are," says ChBd- 
ine's director, Paul Griffiths, 
senior NSPCC child care 

While Esther Rantzen, who 
; ChildLine's c ha i rm an, al- 
empts to rally financial sup- 
wt for the freephone, which 
s expected to cost anything up 
o £500,000 a year to ran, 

. ^ experts have reservations 

•I^V about the proposed helpline’s 
t ability to cope with what they 
f predict will be an overwhelm- 
| ing response. 

I Even without the kind of 
1 exposure initiated by prime- 

[ time television, the Incest 

f Crisis Line, also a charity and 

currently running on a shoe- 
string, already handles an 
average of 400 cases a week. 

Unpaid counsellors ■ take 
calls. h» different parts of 
Britain, from abused chOdrea, 
their mothers, occasionally 
from offenders and increas- 
* ingly from professionals who, 
according to Crisis Line direc- 
tor Richard Johnson, do not 
know what to do themselves. 

Johnson, who operates from 
the small council house in 

*mm* « A *«*>'*• 

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JWhn rwe k 

i 4 n «pii sf 

v— . . . --v; : ri:*s 

• . -tv •■>/?•• •••'• * • i’> 

■v '■.t> l. 

■ ■ ' • r:..- .7 .s .*. 

• ■ • • . • • ■ v. ■ •. ; 

You’re looking at 

everyone you need 

to talk to about 

;r ‘ 

Esther Rantzen's questionnaire on child 
abuse elicited a heartbreaking response. The 
drawing above was one of a series sent by a 
woman who had been abused as a child by 
her father, her unde and two brothers, “I was 
told to go up to theatric on many occasions. 
It was a bare room, apart firom. the beds. 
There was no heating ami I was not allowed 

to have the fight on, even in winter. My 
mother used to keep the Christmas turkey in 
there; it tins freezing cold. I was not allowed 
to keep my clothes on. Sometimes I would 
have to stay in the attic from Friday 
afternoon: when I came home from school 
until Monday morning. I was frightened. It 
seems worse when you’re alone in the dark." 

north London where be fives project’s success is by the 
with his wife and three dangh- number of children who come 
tens, respects his abnsed forward dorisg her talks. 
callers* • confidentiality hot, . Unlike the police’s own 
where necessary, he tries to stranger-danger programme, 
help them further, even to the which was started in primary 
extent of giving the victim - schools in the early 1970s and 
temporary refuge in his home was the first organized pre- 
and confronting the abuser ventative scheme of its kind, 
with his actions. KidScape is designed to protect 

He and his team of around children from friends and 

100 volunteers were all victims _ 

of incest t~ which he defines as 

“any sexual contact between a C \A/ p ha VP 
child and an adult in a position »»TCIiavg 
of trust" — and that helps lltlP/lVPTPn 
them to win the confidence of UULAJVCICU - 
other victims. About one tenth o ]rj«r| nf 

ofthe cases handled by Crisis dflUUOl 

Une result in prosecutions — Tllpl'llmnrP J 
“bet only at the explicit Ill f fri lH Ilal.O ' 
request of the person who 
fame to us for assistance," 

Johnson says. 

ftfcknoiriiigwlieretogofor family as well as strangers, 
hdp lhat is the problem for Michele Elliott is currently 
children who are being abnsed teaching her methods to the 

- or even for adults who are Metropolitan Police 

still suffering the effects of* “We are giving the children 

childhood abuse. Twenty per permission to tell outside the 

cent of the people who filled in family if they're being abnsed 

the ChildWatch question- within tire fiunOy because 
mures said that they just dtl inevitably they think they're 
not know where to taro at the done something terrible," sty* 
time it was happening to them. Elliott, who has also created a 
la the past, children who tried programme for parents to 
to tell were often disbelieved teach their own children, 
although today the experts Telling, however, is only the 

acknowledge that children beginning. Then It is up to the 

project’s success is by the At the Great Ormond Street 

number of children who come chfldren’s hospital in tsriisa, 
forward dofeg her talks. Dr Aram Bento rim, a cfaOd 
Unlike the police’s own psychiatrist, has instigated 
stranger-danger programme, weekly self-help groups for 
which was storied in primary victims who are helped to 
schools in the earty 1970s and , protect themselves, to develop 
was die first organized pre- self-assertive skills and to 

ventative scheme of its kind, 
Kidscape is designed to protect 
chfldren from friends and 

( We have 
a kind of 
nightmare 5 

famfiy as well as strangers. 
Michele Elliott is currently 
teaching her methods to the 
Metropolitan Police 
“We axe giving the children 
permission to tell outside the. 
family if they’re bring abased 
within tiie fiunfly becanse 
inevitably they think they've 
done something terrible," says 

rarely invent sexual abuse. 

Michele Elliott, creator of 
Khtscape, a highly, effective 
project aimed at preventing 
child sexual abase, says tlmt 
one of the ways she judges the 

professionals to deride what to 
do about 1 he perpetrators and 
bow best to treat the victims 
who, apart from their physical 
and emotional scars, generally 
suffer intense feelings of. guilt. 

accept that what has happened 
is not thrir fault, and for their 
parents who need to discover 
how tp cope with what has 
happened in their families. 

Dr Bentovim's department 
has pioneered the treatment ia 
Britain of complete hmilW* in 
which there Stas been child 
abuse. “We try to find out why 
it has happened, what are the 
effects on the family and how 
we-can prevent ithappeaing in 
the' future," he says. 

One of tiie tragedies for 
sexual abuse victims- is the . 
grave lack of resources and 
specialist treatment currently 
available. The Tavistock 
Clinic m -north London trains 
professionals such as psychi- 
atrists, social workers and 
teachers from all over the 
country as well as handling a 
f-w severely damaged cases. 

“We are actually flooded 
with cases of sexual abuse at 
the moment," says Dr Judith 
Trowell, chairman of the 
clinic's chil d and family 
department. “What fa depres- 
sing is that we have to send 
people away because we can't 
cope. Goodness knows what 
wfll happen when Esther 
Rantzen gets going." 

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Primus inter 
the runners 

Hours after yesterday's reports 
dampening speculation over Mrs 
Thatcher's retirement plans, the 
name of her party chairman, 
Norman Tebbit, yesterday in- 
advertently rekindled talk or her 
likely successor. Quashing the 
received view that Teb bit’s per- 
sonal circumstances have blunted 
his ambition, his Chingford agent, 
James Costello, tells me that 
Tebbit finnty believes he is in line 
to succeed the Prime Minister. 
Citing recent conversations with 
him, Costello tells me: "All things 
come to an end. Should the day 
ever come when Maggie decides to 

step down there is not much 

doubt in Norman's mind that be is 
the front-runner.” When 1 pul 
Costello's comments to his private 
office, Tebbit was on the line 
within 30 minutes. “My views on 
the matter are absolutely clear, i 
don't know who is the front- 
runner and I don't care,” be told 
me. But would he accept the 
leadership if offered? “If people 
wanted me to do it then 1 would 
do it." 

• The man finally picked by BBC 
TV to present Newsnight, weak- 
ened by the loss of both John Tnsa 
and Olivia O’Leary: photogenic 
Observer political editor Adam 
Raphael, me years ago tipped for 
ITIVs political editorship. 

Dressing down 

There are some embarrassing 
questions to be asked of Lambeth 
council in London. The stupen- 
dously racially-aware Labour 
council, led by black activist 
Linda Bellos, has been caught by 
the clerical union Apex buying 
uniforms that may have been 
manufactured in South Africa. An 
Apex circular says the uniforms 
were bought from Duchess Uni- 
forms, a London subsidiary of a 
Cape Town-based firm. The 
circular adds that Duchess con- 
fesses to being incapable of 
distinguishing its South African- 
made garments from those pro- 
duced in the UK. Yesterday Phyl 
Geary, who keeps Duchess's 
books, confirmed she had sold 
catering outfits to the council 
"...and the London School of 
Economics. I don't suppose they 
ever stopped to ask where they 
came from.” 

Skye blue 

Isle of Skye residents have good 
reason to resent the arrival of a 
film crew making a television 
advertisement for British Gas's 
privatization campaign: Skye does 
not have a gas supply. Local 
solicitor Ian Christie, who has 
lodged a formal letter of com- 
plaint. tells me: “There's no mains 
gas in any of the north-west of 
Scotland. To imply that there are 
supplies in the far-flung parts of 
Britain is misleading.” Indeed, the 
gasless residents are per se ineli- 
gible for the preferential share 
offer to British Gas customers. A 
Department of Energy spokesman 
says the location was chosen for its 
dramatic scenery, “not to imply 
that gas is available on Skye”. 



Never work on-stage with children 
or animals. Ask 19-year-old ma- 
gician Paul Storey, who had 
rehearsed his best trick - conjur- 
ing a dove from his top hat — for a 
performance before Prince 
Charles yesterday. By the time 
HRH arrived at Manchester air- 
port for a youth business initiative 
exhibition. Paul's bird had flown. 
Paul still hopes for a career in 
cabaret, specializing in escape!- 

• Salt in the wounded pride' of 
Birmingham, following its Sailed 
bid to host the 1992 Olympics. 
Manchester International Airport 
has placed a huge advertisement 
dose to Birmingham's Boll Ring 
shopping centre promoting direct 
flights to . . . Barcelona. 

Prize exhibit 

Celebrating the launeb of Richard 
Hough's tte Ace qf Clubs, a 
history of the Garrick Club. 200 of 
its members were last weekend 
treated to Michael Hordern's ren- 
dition of a verse prologue by the 
Booker winner. Kingsley Amis. 
Courtesy of the author and the 
club. I treat you to an extract from 
his "In Praise of ihe Garrick 

When a bank manager disrupts 
your life. 

A drunk, an in-law. dare one say a 

IV hen bares and pedants drive you 
up the wall. 

Conte to the Garrick and .forget 


cm all. 

Or nearly all. . . 

Big Bang: the fatal mistake 

John Bell reports on the puzzlement 
abroad over the City’s muddle 

It has taken the City less than 
three days to go from Big Bang to 
big flop. Overseas, they can 

scarcely believe iu 

At home, most people accept 
the official City line that the de- 
regulation of the stock market and 
the start of an electronic, screen- 
based dealing system are just 
another example of Britain at the 
frontier of technology. Abroad, 
they have been wondering first 
what took us so long, and secondly 
why in the first three days we seem 
determined to make everyone 
rise's mistakes all over again. 

For the best part of a decade, 
visiting US business men have 
regarded our Stock Exchange with 
an admiration normally reserved 
for Anne Hathaway's cottage, the 
Beefeaters at the Tower of 
London. Stonehenge and other 
ancient monuments. 

While America scrapped fixed 
commissions over II years ago 
and has developed highly efficient 
screen-based systems for trading 
securities, the London Stock Ex- 
change had. until three years ago, 
been making do comfortably in 

the technological stone age. 

As in most of Fleet Street, the 
Stock Exchange has been rriectam 
to reform itself: to remove the 
restrictive practices .which ex- 
cluded foreigners- to allow com- 
petitive charges to customers; and 
to change its 80-year-old trading 

At the heart of this week's fiasco 
in Throgmorton Street is the feet 
that the Stock Exchange came to 
Big Bang as a response to external 
pressures. It certainly did not 
embrace the challenge of high 
technology as an advance in its 
own righL 

There were mounting legal pres- 
sure for the exchange to abandon 
its cartel on charges and to open 
membership to all comets. 
London was losing business to 
New York and elsewhere. 

But the Stock Exchange decided 
on a traditional British com- 

promise. It would have to develop 
a new system for traders to buy 
and sell blocks of shares by 
computer, for that simply did not 
exist at the time. But instead of 
creating a new system for 
distributing' information about 
that electronic market to the 
offices of its members and their 
clients, the Stock Exchange de- 
cided to stick with its existing 
Topic sc reen system. Thai is 
proving to be a fetal miscalcula- 
tion. Quite simply. Topic cannot 
cope with 200 inquiries a second. 
For Big Bang to work properly, it 
simply has to. 

First responses from abroad 
tend to express rather more regret 
than surprise. Britain seems to be 
maintaining its reputation for the 
invention rather than the applica- 
tion of technology. 

Peter Da Puzzo, head of inter- 
national equity trading at the 

major New York securities house. 
Shearson Lehman, said yesterday: 
**We did not expect that you 
would have had so many prob- 
lems and I guess we are dis- 
appointed that your systems were 
not tested more thoroughly before 
Big Bang. But we don't think it is a 
tragedy. Eventually London will 
solve its problems and take its 
. place in the international market.” 

At the front line now in the 
battle for business in the City, the 
men who man the dealing desks 
are deflated. “We can't trust prices 
on the screens, can't get a proper 
feel for what is happening in the 
market and suspect that things will 
be tike this for ages," is a typical 

The Stock Exchange is strug- 
gling manfully to patch up the 
system, mostly by cutting out 
many of Topic's services to give 
priority to prices from the new 
screen trading system SEAQ 
(Stock Exchange Automated Quo- 

But it is likely to be a matter of 
months before the performance 
matches the promise. 

Paul Vallely concludes his report on the tragedy of Ethiopia’s peasants 

Land blighted by ideology 

A nd still Ethiopia needs 
food. Two years after 
the crisis of the camp al 
Korem hit the tele- 
vision screens, the hap- 
less nation is the only one in the 
sub-Sahelian region that still re- 
quires large amounts of foreign 
food. Much of the explanation for 
that may seem like old news: a 
degraded environment, a popula- 
tion maintaining a borderline 
existence without reserves and a 
government whose priorities place 
the military and the urban elite 
above the peasant farmer. 

But there may be more to it than 
that A report to be published next 
month by Cultural Survival, a 
group of anthropologists attached 
to Harvard University’s Peabody 
Museum of Archaeology and 
Ethnology, suggests that the re- 
gime in Addis Ababa has locked 
itself into a vast collectivization 
programme designed to promote, 
at the expense of subsistence 
farmers, the production of cash 
crops to earn the regime the hard 
currency it needs to continue its 
wars against liberation move- 
ments on several fronts. 

This process, dubbed 
villagization, is happening on a 
scale that recalls the actions of 
Stalin in the Thirties. It has 
already brought about the en- 
forced movement of three million 
peasants. The relocation of 20 
million more is planned. And 
according to the Harvard report, 
the financing of the prodigious 
undertaking is largely dependent 
upon the direct and indirect 
contribution of Western aid. 

Villagization is not a process 
new to Ethiopia. It was first seen 
in the area of Bale between 1979 
and 1982 when peasant farmers 
were forced to tear down their 
homes and rebuild them in vil- 
lages near a main road. The 
regime of Colonel Mengistu Haile- 
Mariara obviously considered it a 
success; it facilitated the provision 
of services and afforded a means 
of controlling people. 

It also had the side-effect of 
making land available which the 
regime was later able to use during 
its resettlement programme, when 
peasants of the northern highlands 
were moved away from areas of 
rebel activity — which they might 
have supported — to the more 
fertile lowlands of the south-west 
But it was not until 1984, when 
the influx of food aid brought an 
unexpected bonus in the form of 
import fees (which were 10 times 
as high as in neighbouring Sudan 
and which soon overtook coffee 
sales as Ethiopia's main source of 
foreign exchange) that the govern- 
ment accelerated its villagization 
programme. The West, its eyes on 
the awful camps, did not notice. 

One area where the programme 
seemed to be pursued particularly 
vigorously was the eastern prov- 
ince of Haraghe — not badly hit by 
drought and still one of Ethiopia’s 
prime food-producing areas. By 
the middle of this year some 
1 50,000 inhabitants of the region 
had abandoned their homes and 
belongings and fled across the 
border into Somalia. Around 
40.000 of the most destitute 
gathered in a refugee camp there at 
Tug Wajale. 

Dr Jason Clay, director of 
research at Cultural Survival, has 

now compiled an account of 
villagization, based on interviews 
with the Tug Wajale refugees. It is 
a damning indictment. 

The official line on villagization 
has been enunciated by Mengistu: 
“The settlement pattern of large 
parts of Ethiopia is scattered. This 
has brought considerable dis- 
advantages. It is only when you 
have peasants together in villages 
that they can benefit from science 
and technology." 

The refugees' account is rather 
different. When an area is selected 
for villagization the usual first step 
is that the community’s religious 
leaders (mainly Muslims) are 
arrested and in some cases pub- 
licly executed. Officials make an 
inventory of all possessions, 
including land, livestock, ploughs, 
farm equipment and household 
goods. Residents are forbidden to 
sell anything: all belongs to the 
state. Some have even been told 
they must no longer drink their 
own cows' milk. 

N ext the inhabitants of 
six or eight villages are 
told to pull down their 
bouses and rebuild 
them in a prescribed 
central area. Mosques are de- 
stroyed and their materials des- 
ecrated by being used to construct 
latrines or government buildings. 
The homes of those who refuse to 
move are burned, sometimes with 
people inside. Whole villages have 
been bombed. A common com- 
plaint of the refugees was that they 
were required to work without pay 
for 12 hours a day, six or seven 
days a week, on the new villages, 
often sleeping without shelter 
while government buildings were 
given priority over homes. Some 
said they were not given enough 
time to plant their crops. 

Others reported that later, in the 
new villages, they were forced to 
work so hard on state coffee forms 
or even on the personal land of 
officials or militiamen that they 
had only two days a week for their 
own land The harvest in this area 
normally yields three times the 
basic subsistence level. The people 
lived on yams, honey and a 
variety of vegetables as well as 

grain. They grew coffee, ground- 
nuts. potatoes, red onions and a 
mild drug called chat as cash 
crops. But now much of the 
harvest was confiscated and a bare 
ration of the most inferior grain 
h sanded oul 

Taxes were said to be even 
higher than before the revolution 
(when the feudal system took 
between 50 and 90 per cent of each 
harvest). They had to pay national 
tax, local tax, drought tax, land- 
use tax, a women’s or youth 
association tax (for political 
education), a literacy tax, and 
contributions in kind to officials. 

Those who received Western 
food aid were often required to 
pay a similar amount in famine 
tax. “It was little more than a 
transfer payment between the 
agencies and the government," 
says Dr Clay, who will be speaking 
at Cambridge anbd Oxford later 
this week. 

The catalogue of abuses re- 
counted by the refugees was 
horrifying. More than halfhad had 
members of their family killed. 
Three-quarters had had relatives 
beaten or imprisoned, and food 
and equipment stolen. Around 80 
per cent spoke of rapes by the 
militia. In some cases the militia 
was “turned loose" on local 
women twice a week, five men to 
every woman. Husbands who 
protested were killed 

Two-thirds reported religious 
persecution: mosques destroyed 
sheikhs killed beaten or impris- 
oned the Koran burned, Koranic 
schools closed even prayer 
forbidden. Most talked in terms of 
repression of their Oromo culture 
by the ruling Amharic minority. 

But Dr Gay reserves some of 
his most cutting criticism for the 
Western agencies wbo he believes 
collaborate, knowingly or naively, 
with the process. “It is quite clear 
now that in areas like this, which 
were not severely hit by drought, 
famine is being created by a 
government policy which is delib- 
erately trying to eliminate self- 
sufficiency and create dependence 
on a centralized system be says. " 

“The agencies are caught in a 
dilemma: should they provide, in 
the short term, humanitarian 

assistance which is creating a 
situation that is going to loll more 
people in the long term? Their 
answer is to stick their heads in the 
sand That is inexcusable." 

He is particularly critical of 
agencies that fund schools is 
which Oromo are forced to learn 
Amharic, or that finance the 
installation of water projects in the 
new villages. “Even after Cam- 
bodia some agencies don't seem to 
have learned that, willing or not, 
they are actors in a political 

B ob Geldof of Band Aid, 
sensitive to the accusa- 
tion of amateurism, re- 
torts: “These are just 
political aiguments. 
We're not interested in making 
those distinctions. Our job is to 
help people irrespective of poli- 
tics. Of course, m doing that we 
know that sometimes we have to 
make deals with the devil but well 
do that rather than watch people 

Other agencies are more cir- 
cumspect. “We certainly make 
distinctions," says Paddy Coulter 
of Oxfem. “if the occupants of a 
new village come from an area 
without water then we're happy to 
help instal a project But if they’ve 
come there from hamlets which 
had water, then we refuse. We 
make that quite dear. “Certainly 
we are worried about villagization, 
particularly about the posable 
negative impact it will have on 
production, but at the moment the 
provisional crop estimates look 
better than we had expected 
“The reports we have are very ( 
mixed Some of the new villages j 
are good others not far away are j 
bad It seems to depend on the , 
sensitivity and skill of the officials , 
who implement the policy." Is 
Cultural Survival, he wonders, 
generalizing from a single case? 

“Even if only half of what we 
have found is true, it is still very 
disturbing,” Jason Clay replies. 
“So is the feet that no-one else 
seems prepared to do any research 
or to face up to the question of 
how long we're prepared to feed 
Ethiopians whom their own gov- 
ernment is willing to starve." 

The closing words of John Braine 

Hampstead was John Braine's 
home for about four years before 
he died. He was rather surprised 
himself by how much he liked it, 
approving of everything that in 
the heyday of the 1950s would 
have driven him near apoplectic — 
the coffee bars, the air of plenty, 
the sight of men in the street in the 
middle of the working day. 

Just another so-called Angry 
Y’oung Man softened up by money 
who sold out to the Establish- 
ment? Partially, yes: Braine 
frankly admitted to a preference 
for comfortable living over the 
alternative. But it was a bit less 
obvious than thaL 

Braine. though the most kind 
and charming company you could 
wish for. still displayed his anger, 
sometimes flying it like a flag. Its 
targe L however, had shifted. A 

little of this he explained to me 
one evening a year or so ago in his 
tiny two-room flat in New End. 1 
went in my capacity of bookseller. 
He was thinning oul his collection: 
authors often do. more so than 
anyone else. 

1 rang the doorbell four or six 

Joseph Connolly on 

times, checked the address, and 
rang it again. The shuffle of shoes 
was dimly beard, and the door 
opened a crack, the hall seeming 
darker than the night outside. He 
had sunk a few, it was dear, and 
seemed not to recognize me. but 
beckoned me in anyway. The 
room could have been no more 
than 1 1 ft square and quite devoid 
of al! colour, almost as if every- 
thing had been camouflaged into a 
shadow tinged with fovau and 
then covered in a fine ash. 

Ash. actually, was everywhere, 
as were books, papers, cups, 
papers, papers, and bottles. His 
hand was unsteady as he poured 
another drink, and his dear and 
pleading blue-grey eyes were look- 
ing somewhere else entirely. By his 
side was the work in progress 
( Those Golden Days — his eulogy 
of Hampstead) and the writing 
was precisely aligned, with no 
deletions for pages on end. I 
declined a mug of vodka and LilL 
John Braine began to talk, the 
voice near a parody of the gravelly 

writer who was read 

“trouble oop at t' mill” Yorkshire- 
man of Room at ike Top. 

“Jaw/’ he addressed me (as in 
“Lumpton”). “the trouble with 
everything is this." Pause. “The 
establishment is established. 
That's all righL has to be. It’s the 
bastards who want to change that 
who are wrong now because they 
don't want to change it into 
anything — just to knock it down 
and kick around the bits. 

"Writing. That’s all it’s all 
abouL Just get it said. Never mind 
about messages — just tell the 
story, give the reader something to 
read and leave the bloody 
establishment alone. It’s nothing 
to do with anyone anyway. We 
don’t really know even what it is." 
He then got up and left the room. 
Ten minutes later he returned, 
without a word- 

The Lilt had run out. but the 
vodka was poured. “J am read." 
he suddenly announced — not. I 
think, through arrogance, for his 
face spread wide open with plea- 
sure at the thought of all those 

readers who liked what he did 
(library borrowers, mainly — . 
Braine was one of only 20 British 
who received the maximum 
£5.000 Public Lending Right share 
annually). He used to keep all his 
fan letters, but then he lost them. 

John Braine became a familiar 
sight in the Hampstead streets 
(latterly on a stick), loving the 
bookshops, the breadshops. the 
coffee bars — but not the pubs. He 
admired John O’Hara over al! 
writers; he had respect for Private 
Eve and A. N. Wilson. 

“Old Kingers is doing awfully 
well lately.” he said a few months 
ago. The voice mocked Amis's 
public-school nickname, but held 
nothing but affection for his fellow 
1 950s novelists. "1 must” he said, 
“ring him sometime." 

The last I heard from John 
Braine was about a month ago. 
“Jaw," he said, “we must meet up 
for a drink. No rush. There’s 
plenty of time.” And then, “Oh 
my God, that’s the trouble " 

E reread Room at the Top this 
morning. 1 only now realize that 
these are its closing words. 

Obituary, page 20 

Ronald Butt 

Turning of the 

screw in Avon 


people of Bristol. The details I 
gave last week of Brent Council's 
plans for planting its race equality 
agents in its schools, and its 
refusal to reinstate Miss Mc- 
Goldrick as head teacher after she 
had been acquitted in court of 
racism, perhaps made some read- 
ers wonder what happened to 
Jonathan Saveiy, the Bristol 
teacher accused of rad sin and 
officially found not guilty. 

For several months since his 
“acquittal” he has been in a kind 
of professional limbo, continuing 
to teach English to ethnic minority 
children at the school to which he 
has been attached, but forbidden 
to enter the Avon multicultural 
education centre which employs 
him, and where militant col- 
leagues originally brought the 
charge of racism against hint Now 
Saveiy has bees dealt another 
blow. On the last day before the 
half-term last week be was tok) by 
the acting head of his school that 
his services were no longer re- 
quired there, and that although he 
could stay for the rest .of that day 
(there is obviously mud) natural 
courtesy in Bristol) he should not 
return after half-tenn. 

Saveiy, whose case was dis- 
cussed in this column on Maid) 
13 and May 1,-is a teacher paid by 
the Avon education authority’s 
multicultural education centre 
(MEC) which, like the Brent 
programme, is funded by the 
Home Office under Section 1 1 of 
the Local Government Act, 1966. 
Sa very holds that the jab for which 
he was appointed is to teach 
English to children of Common- 
wealth origin handicapped by the 
lack of iL But the Avon MEC is 
dominated by a militant group 
which thinks that teaching English 
is colonialism. It wants the money 
to be spent rather in campaigning 
against the inequity of white 
society, censoring the reading 
matter used in schools, attacking 
the police for racism and switch- 
ing resources from teaching Eng- 
lish to the promotion of minority 
language and cultures. 

For writing about all this, 
Savery was accused of racism, but 
was acquitted by a disciplinary 
panel set up by the Avon educa- 
tion authority. But the panel 
added a rider that “given the 
circumstances at the MEC" 
(which means, given its domina- 
tion by the hard left) his opinions 
made it “difficult for him to 
remain a member of the staff there 
at this tune". Since then, he 
continued to teach at Menydown 
boys' school until he was suddenly 
“fired” from his attachment there 
last week, but he has not been 
allowed back at the MEC because 
the militan ts threatened to walk 
out if he appeared. Nor is he given 
any help by the centre or allowed 
to join its discussions, or its in- 
service training. Though found 
innocent of racism, he is bong 
punished for being charged with n. 

Tbe Avon education authority 
would like to get rid of him 
altogether, since it regards him as 

having “provoked" the trouble by 
speaking his mind. 

1 1 it wrote to him saying that ms 
intention to attend ln-sennce 
group sessions at the MEC “would 
not best serve your own pro- 
fessional interests or the interests 
of the MEC and other educational 
establishments with which you are 
already, or might be in the future, 
associated”. Tufa letter, on behalf 
of the education director, Pete r 
Coleman, expressed “very great 
concern” at Savery's suggestion 
that he should attend an in-service 
training session ai the centre, and 
him urgently to confirm that 
he would not do so. 

He was advised by the 
education authority not to write 
another article for the Salisbury 
. Review (in other words, though he 
may be attacked be must not 
defend himself) and was refused 
leave to accept an invitation to 
speak on free speech at -a fringe 
meeting of the Conservative con- 
ference, even though half that day 
was not teaching time because he 
was not allowed to go to the centre - 
for the no rmal in-service session. 

He was also refused leave -to 
speak to Bristol University stu- 
dents, but did so in his lunch hour 
last week — which at least raises 
the question whether the publicity 
arising from this had anything to 
do with the decision to end his 
atta chment to Menydown schooL 

The Avon education authority 
bends to the militants who domi- 
nate the MEC because it accepts 
Thei r claim that they must heed the - 
“leaden" of the small black 
radical groups they consult, one of 
whom recently publicly wished a 
heart attack on a senior police- 
man. Y let these are groups which 
do not truly represent the majority 
of the black community. 

Earlier this year, the Home 
Office decided that some of the 
Avon MEC posts did not warrant 
Section 11 funding because they 
were not concerned with English 
teaching , and asked Ay on for 
details of work at the centre, and 
time spent on it. Since then, Avon 
has been trying to repackage its 
anti-racist multicultnratism, but 
the Home Office is still not 
satisfied and the Education 
Department is sending two of Her 
Majesty’s inspectors to find out 
what is going on. Ministers have 
told me that teaching English is a 
sine qua non for this kind of 
funding. Ifthisisso, Icansu^zst 
how Avon, Kent and many other 
local authorities who infringe this 
criterion should be dealt with. 

The government should scrap 
all Section 1 1 spending. It should 
replace this with a pool of specially 
qualified teachers of En glish as a 
second language, who are licensed 
by the Department of Education. 
Heads of schools who have need 
of them for their pupils should 
then be able to call on these 
teachers. This would help many 
children towards a better chance 
in life, and also do something to 
inhibit the hard-left cells which are 
now malignantly exploiting racial 
tenaons in our schools. : . . 



. i 





■ i-. 

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AT v 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Dr Oliver goes 
round the twist 

As many of my readers seem 
singularly ignorant of sex, politics, 
the Big Bang, gay rights and gay 
lefts, 1 have asked Moreover 
Publications to prepare a series of 
short booklets which explain these 
things in easy language with lots of 
drawings. Here are the first titles 
on our list: 

discrimination, says RajL You're 
just an Asian trouble-maker, says : 
Barney- Unfortunately, he is over- 
heard and kicked out of Brent 

Or Gastrode shows that being a it. 

Brent councillor may be a humor- ? 
ous condition, but it is not without 

Roger is a Tory MP, by Dr Oliver 
Gastrode. Only a small percentage 
of the population suffers from the 
urge to be a Tory MP, a condition 
which can lead to obsessions with 
sex and race and to the desire to 
tyrannize everyone else. Dr 
Gastrode explains how, in a mild 
form, the condition is not anti- 
social by idling the story of Roger. 

Roger runs an old femfly firm 
making police riot equipment and 
firearms, but he is also a Tory MP. 
One day he fells In love with the 
BBC and develops a desire to 
appear on ft all the time. At the 
same time he conceives a haired 
for the BBC 

There is a happy ending, when 
Roger finally gets offered a show, 
of his own on BBC radio ami is 
able to give up being a Tory MP. 
There are some amusing mo- 
ments, as with the visit of the . 
Chilean party to the armaments 
factory. Dr Gastrode makes the 
point forcefully enough that being 
a Tory MP may be a hopeless 
condition, but it is not without its 
humorous side. 

Barney is a Brent Councillor by Dr 
(River Gastrode. Only a small 
percentage of the population suf- 
fers from the urge to be a Brent 
councillor, a condition which can 
lead to obsessions with sex and 
race, and to the desire to tyrannize 
everyone else. 

Dr Gastrode tries to help us 
understand this rare and rather 
unsightly pathological state by 
telling the story of-' Barney, 
whosets out one day to stop people ' 
using all expressions with the 
word “blade” in them, because 
they are racist. Well, says his 
friend Raji. what about phrases in 
which the word “black" has a nice 
meaning, as in “in the blade" or 
“The Blade Prince"? And isn’t a 
black belt the highest thing in 
judo, and isn't the Mack ball the 

most valuable in snooker? ' 

Well, says Barney, we can keep 
expressions in which “Mack" has a 
positive connotation. . But this is 

Lefs Play Politics! by Dr Oliver /' 
Gastrode. Dr Gastrode deals with ” 
that powerful instinct we feel in ” 

our teens -the urge to get together'' 

with other people of the same age -■ o 
and change the world completely. 
This is nothing to be asham^ 0 £ 
says Dr Gastrode. It is quite a ” 
natural instinct and will not 
you blind. Well, only politically 
blind. However, points out Dr 
Gastrode, the results of playing . - 
politics are always disastrous and - 
he recommends some other hob- r 
bies instead. 

Mummy and Daddy are Married. *, 
by Dr Oli ver G astrode. A minor- ; ' 
lty of children live in a so-cafled“ * 
“family”, with brothers and sisters 
and parents who seem tolerably'^ 
happy. Most of us would find this 
rather odd, but Dr Gastrode - 
(deads for our tolerance by tel line’ 
the story of the Wimple femihr 
who go on Itpbday together. They 
are thrown out of a pub (because 
of the children), asked to leave a : - 
hotel (because of the childrenX - 
and ejected from a gay bar thev •' 
enter by mistake. Bat despite thfa f 
flagrant discrimination bv 
straighnsts. they come up smi ling ;I 

OTtver Writes a Booklet, by Dr ^ 
Oliver Gastrode. This is Dr ; 
Gastrode’s own story, and draws -*■ 
^tastson tothe plight of tihe 
minority of people who are forced v 
to write booklets on sex and - 
politics for a living. He relate 
bow, when asked at TdinneTrSS =■- 

booklets on sex, race and tfaW’ 
produos bowls of laughter " 

immetbaie ostracization h* 

f ° r ^ - 

himsett. He would especially like" 1 

to bear from young men who like r 

a ; iucii won nice v 

n < 

Forthcoming booklets from Dr'* 
Oliver Gastrode: Elsie and Arthur • <- 
Meet the Big Bang, ZVaL 

R^e Mate 


got a Man's Name?, etc etc rii 

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only five years since 
American doctors first began 
notice that large numbers of 
homosexual patients 
dying from a variety of 
diseases against which their 
immune systems had foiled to 
protect them. The medical 
,C0| 5aS lerm 10 condition 
V*s Acquired Immune .De- 
b\ iiciency Syndrome, but the 
W t r ,{ fo 4 J name for it that entered 
American popular discourse 

atv» ‘ '"diu^ Americai 

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tva» nf: ’7‘." r ’ • :I > ifiijiJ^ overwhelmingly homosexuals. 
*»«".■:■£ . ! .. . )* : 'h ai 3 % Heterosexuals did not seem to 
r . L be particularly threatened un- 

*■** v.., 'uifflJJ less they happened to come 

'' ,nc into one of the other high-risk 
categories such as drug-users 
M ^*‘ k tv(ui$$jZ who ^ contracted the dis- 

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ease through ‘‘dirt/’ needles, 
r.hiij^st The Times’s series of arti- 
i» 4 i 1 ^?% cJes, which concluded yes- 

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. ul, wn aww women as it^loes among men. 


-»• bi\i ubod i The common factor in African 
iht-v . .isr: : ‘ hcv * 11 top heterosexuality and American 
’ica*V:s" V,; r homosexuality which fostered 

bfe, the spread of the disease was 
r 1 pfc^h sexual promiscuity. AIDS is 
C;; w :. - 1 srmprnS,' the permissive plague. 

V.. But the AII& virus carrier 

of s V-I does not necessarily show the 

‘ symptoms of the disease itself. 

He may transmit the virus to 
others without developing the 
;;.,. 0 . n K disease for sevenral years or 
»e»r in »: .v.-vi-rirl! SjtJf perhaps at alL At present, 
frathiMr. ^r,ki asi^ about one quarter of AIDS 
,*r ,, !hc.- cnl ?^‘ carriers come down with the 

mnr r. S^vihen i disease, though the percentage 

is rising steadily and some 
doctors think that eventually 
100 per cent of carriers will 

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become victims- The un- 
certainty stems from the fact 
that we have only five years 
experience of treating AIDS. 
What is certain is that 100 per 
cent of victims die. 

AIDS can therefore take 
root in a country almost 
without people noticing. 
15,000 people have died of 
AIDS in the United States 
over the last five years, but the 
best estimates are that between 
1-5 million and 3 million 
Americans are currently AIDS 
carriers and that 150,000 of 
them will die in the next five 
years. In Britain, by compari- 
son, only 512 known victims 
of AIDS have been diagnosed 
of whom 250 have died. Of 
these only 16 have been 
heterosexual, seven women 
and nine men. But the es- 
timate for AIDs carriers is high 
at 30,000, and projections 
suggest that 450 people will he 
dying each month in five years 
time. What makes this more' 
disturbing is that, in compari- 
son with America, there is still 
considerable public ignorance 
about the disease. 

Britain is thus at a crucial 
point AIDS has arrived, in 
Britain. It has established itself 
firmly in the high-risk groups 
— some doctors estimate, for 
instance, that 30 per cent of 
male homosexuals in London 
are carriers. But it has not 
taken firm root among hetero- 
sexuals and government ac- 
tion here could be effective. 

But what sort of action? 
Ultimately, an AIDS cure 
must be found. The 
Government’s allocation of £1 
million for medical research 

into AIDS, pitifully small in 
comparison with the Ameri- 
can figure of $340 million, 
must be sharply increased. 
Meanwhile, however, a cam- 
paign of prevention and public 
health information could at 
least restrict the spread of the 

Until now, the government 
campaign has beat timid. It 
has, first, allocated only £2.5 
million to anti-AIDS advertis- 
ing which, according to a 
survey m the British Medical 
Journal, has harj i almost no 
effect on public knowledge of 
the disease. More aggressive 
advertising, combining the im- 
pact of television with the 
tidier information of the 
printed word, is plainly re- 

It has been assumed, sec- 
ondly, that in a permissive age 
it is futile to recommend either 
chastity or monogamy, which 
are in fed the best safeguards 
against AIDS. The moral 
emphasis of the government 9 s 
campaign has been to outline 
methods of “safe sex.” This is 
unduly pessimistic. 

Permissiveness was, at the 
very least, made more feasible 
by methods of contraception 
which removed a very obvious 
risk from sexual activity. 
AIDS introduces a much 
worse risk and one which 
Bright well persuade people to 
avoid even the limited risks of 
safe sex Health education 
.should really not shrink from 
pointing out that traditional 
sexual morality is the best way 
of avoiding a horrible death. 
There are worse things than 
looking old-fashioned. 


rv. v. 

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Lord Young and his colleagues 
at the Department of Employ- 
ment have some reason to feel 
aggrieved at the uproar over 
the more detailed ques- 
tionnaire being introduced for 
those initially claiming un- 
employment benefit Their re- 
ported surprise at the impact 
of measures designed to cut 
the . number of those statis- 
‘^rnrs'ojcally classed as unemployed 
i'j; ' ic however, hard to believe. 

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The changes follow recom- 
mendations of the Public Ac- 
counts Committee, headed by 
the former Labour Treasury 
minister, Mr Robert Sheldon. 
In its report on the Unemploy- 
ment Benefit Service in July 
last year, the Committee said 
that it was concerned that the 
formal test of availability for 
work was too weak and wel- 
comed the Government’s de- 
cision to consider whether it 
was practicable to introduce 
tests that were more effective, 
without becoming oppressive. 

The upshot is the new 
twelve part questionnaire now 
being introduced for new 
claimants. Its purpose is 
straightforward: to weed out 
those who are looking for 
unemployment benefit rather 
than, work and to transfer 
others such as the chronically 
sick to other forms of benefit. 
That in itself is barely 
controversial. The only plau- 
sible objection — now es- 
poused by Mr Sheldon — is 
that the questionnaire is so 
oppressive as to disqualify 


them into not claiming benefit 

Some of the questions, in 
combination, could certainly 
sound intimidatory. Married 
women with children, for 
example, might find them- 
selves giving the impression 
that they were not truly avail- 
able for work if they could not 
drop everything and take a job 
that day, travel outside their 
local town for work, work 
unsocial hours or make instant 
arrangements for care of chil- 
dren or dependent relatives. 

Whether the questionnaires 
are fair depends on how 
answers are interpreted. There 
is plenty of casebook practice 
to vary tests of availability 
according to personal circum- 
stance and local availability of 
jobs and transport If humane 
common sense is applied, 
along with benefit officers' 
experience of differentiating 
the great majority of genuine 
cases from others, there need 
be no oppression. 

But Lord Young and his 
Department should make it 
clear, not just in Parliament 
but by information to the 
public, that the object of the 
exercise is to apply availability 
tests better. It should not be to 
confine entitlement to un- 
employment benefit to some 
narrower group — for instance 
by trying to pretend that 
women with ordinary family 
commitments are not truly in 
the labour market. 

Pilot surveys of the effects of 
the change suggest that some 
five per cent of the 400,000 
coming onto the benefit rolls 

each month would be removed 
by more rigorous application 
of the test of availability. If 
that proved the case — and it 
should be carefiilly monitored 
— as many as 200,000 could be 
removed from the benefit roles 
in a year. 

: So the changes should cut 
the: monthly unemployment 
figures, perhaps, as the 
Opposition has. charged, edg- 
ing them below three million 
before the election. Suspicions 
that the Government is fid- 
dling the figures are under- 
standable. This is the eighteen 
change of definition or prac- 
tice since - 1979, all of which 
have reduced the figure or had 
no discernible net effect. 

Large and growing groups, 
such as those seeking part-time 
work or previously self-em- 
ployed, are already excluded. 
This underlines the feet that 
.unemployment as announced 
each month is a strictly statis- 
tical concept, however much 
the dailypolitical argument 
rests upon it 

The poverty and despair 

that lie behind the figures are, 
however, reaL Specific govern- 
ment measures such as the 
Youth Training Scheme or 
schemes for the long-term 
unemployed, which reduce the 
figures, do so by genuinely 
tackling the problems. But the 
Government cannot make any 
c laims about its efforts on 
behalf of the unemployed that 
arise only from statistical 
changes. Weeding out a few 
shirkers does not truly alter the 
still unsatisfactory trend. 


said Robert 


from the 

about the 

fight across the Zimbabwe 

rebel army take him at his 



declaration of 
is how it has 



LUiivuAV. a - 

pledge that Zimbabwe would 
fight to the last man to prevent 
a right-wing takeover in 
neighbouring Mozambique af- 
ter the death of President 
Samora MacheL In one sense 
it was a reflex, a counter-punch 

Harare, and other front-line 
that the MNR would fight 
batfk. . . 

That is something Mugabe 

cut Mozambique in 
more than 6.000 

i»v+ ~ ^'Zimbabwe troops are helping 

^ vrf-io guard the Beira railway 

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pr.v- - 

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i a iw wii. 

. ’ u against its raids. So does 
’ kV , 3 Britain, whose army naming 
*< ' team in Zimbabwe has already 
i v put some 60 members of the 
.'Mozambique forces through a 
i'" 1 2-week special course — and 
y . might soon be asked to take on 
' ' V " another batch. Two Mozam- 
bique officer cadets have been 

at the Royal Military Academy 
Sandhurst, reflecting British 
policies in Southern Africa. 

Mugabe and his Ministers 
know that for the MNR to take 
on Zimbabwe, with its 41,000- 
strong army and (admittedly 
limit«l) air force, is another 
matter. Their forces may not 
be what they were and past 
stories of harshness and in- 
discipline in Matabeleland, 
have been disturbing. The 
right-wing rebels who have 
successfully laid waste large 
tracts of Mozambique in the 
1 1 years since independence, 
claim to have 20,000 men 
under arms and could no 
doubt strike successfully at 
soft targets over the Zimbabwe 
border, embarrassing Robert 
Mugabe and his generals. 

But they have plenty on 
their hands as it is if they are to 
develop a debilitating insur- 
gency campaign in Mozam- 
bique into a successful 
counter-revolution. Tempting 
though it may be to spoil Mr 
Mugabe’s sleep, they must at 
some stage consider where 
their priorities lie. * 

A similar task awaits Pre- 
toria. If the MNR continues to 
cripple Mozambique and en- 
sure that the road and railway 
to Beira remain at best un- 
certain corridors for traffic to 
and from the frontline states. 
South Africa will no doubt be 

> content to let well alone. But if 
the rebels should suddenly 
seem to be in right of either 
victory or defeat. President 
Botha will face pre ss ure from 
his hawkish military to step up 
support for them. 

There are a number of 
reasons why he would prob- 
ably wish to decline such an 
option, finance being only the 
least compelling. Despite his 
implacable opposition to Pre- 
toria and the fierceness of his 
rhetoric, Robert Mugabe, like 
the late Samora Machel, 
understands the limits of his 
power. While it is in South 
Africa’sinterests to tie Mugabe 
down — by whatever means 
available — it would be less 
wise to force him into more 
open hostility 

This derision could be taken 
out of Pretoria's hands if 
Zimbabwe and the other front- 
line stales resolve to throw 
more weight behind the 
Mozambique army as it strug- 
gles to resume some kind of 
grip on the country. But it is 
hard to see them doing much 
more than stem the MNR’s 
advance — and restore some 
sort of safety to the trade 
routes through the country. Jn 
the present crisis of stability in 
Southern Africa, the question 
of who is declaring war upon 
whom is almost an irrele- 
vance. ^ 


Hatred as tool of 

Extra help in marriage guidance 

From the Reverend Jim Gould 
Sir. The letter of Mr Blackbume. 
of Haringey Council (October 24) 
points uq something which has 
been causing Christians increasing 
concern - the use of hatred as a 
tool of management and of poli- 
tics in particular. Nothing new, of 
course, but the very overtness of 
this is notable esponally in local 
authorities which claim to be 
motivated fay a caring attitude. 

If 1 may coin a phrase: it is 
possible to be so open minded that 
one's brains drop out. 1 suggest 
that this is banning to happen to 
such as Brent and Haringey. 
There, under the guise ofbeing feir 
to racial and political minorities, 
destructive forces are being un- 
leashed which in the end will 
encourage the mob to take over 
and make the boroughs ungovern- 

If national and regional leaders 
use their power to legitimise 
hatred and witch hunts as accept- 
able tools, that mob rale and the 
vigilante wfll inevitably follow — 
the governed taking their cue from 
the govemois. 

That will pve another opportu- 
nity, incidentally, to pontificate 
about police brutality as the forces 
of law again attempt to tidy up 
someone else’s mess. 

At the same time as all this is 
happening the traditional insights 
of the nation are being rubbished. 
They were flawed, certainly, the 
Chinch and Christian morality 
have nothing much to be proud of. 
But I fear that in their sponsorship 
of the cult of hatred some of our 
London boroughs may succeed in 
breaking down our society where 
Mosley and his followers oiled SO 

years ago. 

Is this the road down which our 

leaders would take us? 
Yours faithfully, 


Christ Church, 

Han worth Road. 
Feltham, Middlesex. 
October 24. 

A bishop’s choice 

From the Reverend Dr R. M. Gill 
Sir, Surely Sir Frank Pearson’s 
claim (October 21) that the Bishop 
of Kingston should be allowed “no 
latitude in the application or 
observance of accepted practice 
and law” cannot be accepted by a 

It was Bonhoeffer who argued 
so courageously (and finally with 
his life) that the Christian must 
always follow first the call of 
Christ before any laws of man. 
Naturally this call must be tested 
carefully (especially by a bishop, 
who has indeed “an admin- 
istrative and quasi-judicial 
function”), but once received it is 
to be obeyed without legal impedi- 

Writing as an Anglican priest 
with 14 years’ experience of 
teaching both men and women 
preparing for ordination, I am 
convinced that members of both 
sexes have indeed been called by 
Christ. It would be unthinkable 
for me to put the demands of law 
(let alone those of 
“accepted . , . practice") before 
those of this call. To do so would 
be utterly to defy the notion of 
vocation expounded by Paul, 
Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and a 
host of lesser theologians. 

If the Bishop of Kingston, too, 
has become convinced of this call 
he cannot in good conscience bow 
to the temporary demands of 
synodical legalism. 

Yours sincerely, 

ROBIN GILL, Associate Dean, 
Faculty of Divinity, 

University of Edinburgh, 

New College. 

Mound Place, Edinburgh. 

October 22. 

From Miss Mercia E. Cato 
Sr, I was interested to hear about 
the latest recommendations for 
more money to be put into the 
training of marriage-guidance 
counsellors (report, October 22). 

As a divorce (inter alia) solicitor 
for 30 years. I heartily agree with 
the suggestion, but would add my 
-own recommendations. Could 
there not be a two-tier system of 
counseflois? The training for a 
counsellor takes two years and it is 
a voluntary service. The waiting 
list for those seeking advice is long 
and it can take weeks before an 
appointment is made. 

I believe that certain suitably 
chosen people would make ad- 
mirable second-tier counsellors 
with less extensive training. Quite 
often an immediate “shoulder to 
cry upon ” would suffice. Good 
commonsense advice could be 
given by people with some time to 
listen and perhaps a greater mar- 
ital crisis prevented. 

Previously their role would 
have been taken by the vicar or 
doctor or lawyer in a community, 
all of whom are now too busy to 
give so much time. If these people 
had been married for a long time 
or for a second time they would 
have plenty of experience to draw 

I recently recommended a 
friend to the council, but she was 
dismayed to discover the lengthy 
.training involved with residential 
courses, including those at week- 
ends. As she said, her own 30-year- 

old marriage might have been in 
jeopardy ifshe had taken so much 
time away from the matrimonial 
home and. looking after the “lord 
and master”! 

Yours sincerely. 


Newsread & Waiter, 


Mercury House, 

Mercury Row, 

Oxley. North Yorkshire. 

October 23. 

From Dr D.L Beales 
Sir, As a general practitioner 
increasingly seeing the effects of 
relationship difficulties within 
marriage, 1 am not surprised by 
the sudden sutge in demand for 
marriage guidance following pub- 
licity in EastEnders. 

It would make additional sense 
if genera] practitioners were all- 
owed to work with counsellors 
within their practices. Earlier 
involvement of coupselling ser- 
vices before breakdown or the 
need for expensive conciliation 
processes must be cost-effective. 

When will general practitioners 
be allowed to react ap propr ia tely 
to problems presenting in their 
practice and employ trained coun- 
sellors eligible for 70 per cent 
reimbursement of salary? 

Yours sincerely, 


Phoenix House, 

Phoenix Way, 

Cirencester, Gloucestershire. 
October 23. 

University earnings 

From the Vice-Chancellor of Sal* 
ford University 

Sir, In your leader of September 6 
you took me, rightly, to task for 
not giving my “vice-chancellorial 
colleagues more credit for the shift 
in attitude (in die universities) 
that has taken place, to the 
welcome now given on campuses 
to moneymakers”. But my sins of 
omission are as nothing to those 
committed by the Secretary of 
State for Education ^.whom you . 
quote (October 23) as saying that 
foe universities are Still “pretty - 
grudging” in the welcome we give 
to the real world and accused us of 
“living in ivory towers”. This 
when university earnings from 
research contracts for industry 
and commerce are rising by nearly 
SO per cent a year. 

This was the year in which 43 
per cent of this university’s in- 
come derived from sources other 
than the University Grants 
Committee; in which we were 
delighted to announce that our 
industrial friends and collabo- 
rators constituted a majority on 
both the board of management 
and the programme advisory 
committee of our new Informa- 
tion Technology Institute and in 
which this university spent 
£900,000 of its non-Univentity 
Grants Committee income on its 
teaching activities, thus going 
some way to protect its students 
from the damage successive Gov- 
ernment cuts would otherwise 
have inflicted on the quality of our 
degree programmes. 

The Secretary of State should 
have the grace to acknowledge 
these facts. He might also reflect 
that ivory towers can come 'in 
bureaucratic as well as academic 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Salford, 

Salford, Greater Manchester. 
October 24. 

Red Cross troubles 

From Colonel Professor G. I. A. D. 

Sir, The events which have occ- 
urred in Geneva at the inter- 
national conference of the 
International Red Cross (report, 
October 27) are completely alien 
to the principles of the Red Cross, 
as well as beings manifest breach 
of the statutes which govern the 
International Red Cross. 

Such activities reflect little 
credit on those states which, under 
the orchestration of Kenya, se- 
cured the expulsion of the Gov- 
ernment delegation of South 
Africa from the conference in a 
manner which was devoid of 
regularity and harmony with the 
fundamental Red Cross principles 
solemnly proclaimed at the open- 
ing of each international con- 

By article 1(2) of the statutes 
“The International Conf- 
ference . . . shall be composed of 
delegations of . . . National Red 
Cross Societies . of the States' 
parties to the Geneva Conven- 
tions' (1864, 1906, 1929; or 
1949). ; ” • ; • 

Such delegations are present at 
the conference now in progress in 
Geneva as of right South Africa, is 
a party to the four Geneva 
Conventions of 1949. 

By article 2 of the statutes tire 
conference has “power to take 
decisions within the limits of the 
present statutes . . ” That power 
does not include the power of the 
conference to expel a delegation 
present as of' right under article 1. 

What Kenya and the associated 
states have done is to use the 
statutes of the International Red 
Cross to be present and vote, and 
to secure the adoption of a vote 
expelling South Africa, but not its 
national Red Cross society, from 
the conference, thereby achieving 
a nullity, contempt of the statutes, 
and causing no little harm to the 
International Red Gross, a body 
whose value in the world is 
without price. 

That is not clever, any more 
than is the ratal iatoty action by the 
South African Foreign Minister in 
seeking to expel the delegates of 
the international Committee of 
tire Red Cross from South Africa 
and Namibia, when that excellent 
body is completely blameless in 
the matter. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant. 

16 Southover High Street, 

Lewes, Sussex. 

October 27. 

From Mr C. C. Tremlen 
Sir, How desperately sad that it is 
now the turn of the Red Gross to 
suffer the humiliation of African 

How many of us will reluctantly 
cease to contribute to an 
organisation that has allowed itself 
to forsake its greatest virtue and 
turn political? 

Yours very truly. 


Westwood Farm. 




Control of Angola 

From Mr Fred Bridgland 
Sir. Your correspondent, Mr 
David L Lee (October 24) is 
democratically entitled to accuse 
you of “angularly misleading 
journalism” in relation to events 
in Angola. However, his expertise 
on that country has to be ques- 
tioned when he tries to persuade 
your readership that Jonas 
SavimbTs Unita movement de- 
rives its supporrfrom the Ovambo 

Anyone acquainted with that 
area of tire world would know that 
tire Ovambo people are mainly 
identified with the Swapo move- 
ment, which is trying to liberate 
Namibia, Angola’s neighbour. Mr 
Savimbi is a member of the 
Gvimbundu, Angola’s largest 
tribe, although members of his 
central committee come from 
every major tribe in Angola. 

To suggest that the core of Mr 
Savimbi’s support comes from the 
Ovambo is rather like trying to 
persuade us that Mr Charles 
Haughey depends on the votes of 
the Democratic Ulster Unionist 

Party for his power, or that Mrs 
Thatcher is widely popular on 

It is perhaps also worth 
mentioning, since Mr Lee did not, 
that Swapo and Unita are fighting 
for the same objectives. Swapo 
wants the withdrawal of foreign 
troops (South African) from Na- 
mibia and the bolding of demo- 
cratic, multi-party . elections, as- 
promised by the United Nations. 
Unita is fighting for the with- 
drawal of foreign troops (Cuban, 
East German and Soviet) from 
Angola and the bolding of demo- 
cratic, multi-party elections, as 
promised by the Alvor accord of 
January, 1975, signed by Angola’s 
former Portuguese colonial rulers 
and three liberation movements. 

The odd thing is that many 
Western democrats seem to be- 
lieve that black Angolans are less 
worthy of the right to vote than 
Mack Namibians. Why this 

Yours sincerely, 


14 rue Philippe le Bon. 

Brussels, Belgium. 

October 24. 

Planning controls 

From Mr W. P. Winston 
Sir, In bis articles on planning 
controls (October 13, 14, 15) Hugh 
Clayton raised the issue of the 
malaise of public planning in- 
quiries. To understand it, it is 
necessary to refer to the planning 

The Acts provide for the local 
planning authority and . the sec- 
retary of state to adopt a develop- 
ment {flan which is regarded as the 
established order for develop- 
ment. The planning . permission 

Nuclear safety 

From Mr J. H. Per hy bridge 
Sir. In your issue of October 14 Mr 
Brian Parker asked whether the 
risk of a large accident at a UK 
reactor is so small that it can be 
discounted. Mr John Baker, Cor- 
porate Managing Director of the 
CEGB replied (October 22) and 
went as near as possible to giving 
complete assurance on the point. 

Why, then, do all insurance 
companies, as far as I know, 
exclude liability from nudear 
accidents or any form of damage 
from radiation in their, com- 
prehensive policies covering prop- 
erty. and m feet decline to give 
cover in this respect? There is no 
such exclusion for damage arising 
from accidents at coaL oil or 
hydraulic installations. 

Yours faithfully. 


Barn Park. Bodmin. Cornwall. 

appeal inquiry is then treated as 
part of the procedure for control- 
ling a development regarded as 
outside the development plan. 
The result is the appellant is 
invariably seen, at lean by some, 
as seeking to upset the established 
order, as rocking the boat. 

In reality the inquiry arises 
because the appellant's develop- 
ment was not included in the 
development plan. The teal pur- 
pose of the inquiry is to investigate 
whether the development plan 
should be altered to include the 
appellant's project 

The common reason why even 
laige projects are omitted from 
development plans is their timing. 
The Brent Cross Shopping Centre 
(London) was omitted and came 
in with the growth in trading and 
car ownership. Similarly the New 
Covent Garden Market came in as 
railway land became available 
through rationalisation and the 
withdrawal of steam locomotives. 
The oil production industry has 
had to make its way mainly 
outside development plans be- 
cause of the pace of its develop- 

To cure the malaise of pfenning 
inquiries the law needs amending 
to give siatutoty recognition to the 
pan initiators in society have long 
been playing in updating develop- 
ment plans. 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Grange Meadow. 

Ban stead. Surrey. 

October 20. 

OCTOBER 30 1929 

“Black Tuesday” was the worst 
day of a bad week on the New 
York Stock Exchange which had 
started on October 23. In spite of 
authoritative statements the 
Txvoious week showing that 
fundamentally business was 
unusually strong and 
recommending the purchase of 
good securities the public were not 
reassured and liquidation 



NEARLY 17,000,000 



(From Our Own Correspondent) 
NEW YORK, Oct. 29 

There has never been such a day 
of l i quida t ion on the stock markets 
as this. For the third time in less 
than a week stocks, good, bad, and 
indifferent, were thrown upon the 
market in huge blocks for what 
they would bring. Prices broke far 
below the previous low leveb of the 
year, wiping out all the gains of 
more than 12 months ana estab- 
lishing almost incredibly low new 

Up to 2 o’clock, in four hours of 
trading, nearly 14 million shares 
had been Bold, or more than in the 
whole five hours of last Thursday, 
when trading was completely de- 
moralized By the time the market 
dosed at 3 o'clock, the volume was 
close to 17 million shares, with the 
recording ticker more than 
minutes behind the tra n s act ions 
on the floor of the New York Stock 
Exchange. On the Kerb Market at 
the dose the ticker was 133 
minutes behind trading. The total 
sales there readied a new high total 
of 7, 096^00 shares. 

Just before the dose of the 
market on the “big board”, the 
prices of several leading stocks 
made what would have been Im- 
pressive rallies in any ordinary 
market, but in this market they 
seemed comparative ly small. It was 
almost the only withstanding of 
the tide that occurred throughout 
the day. For all this rafly United 
States Steel ended 12 points down 
on the day, American Can 16 
points, American Telephone and 
Telegraph 28 points, Westinghouse 
Electric 19 points, General Electric 
30 points, American and Foreign 
Power 22Vt points. Sears, Roebuck 
1614 points, and Johns- Manville 17 
points down, and there was a long 
list of similar losses in other recent 
market favourites. And these losses 
were all on the top of the already 
great looses sustained yesterday 
and last Thursday. . . 

When the market on the Stock 
Exchange dosed last night, with 
most stocks at their lo wes t levels of 
the session, further liquidation waa 
expected today, but m nothing likej 
the volume that appeared. But the 
burst began immediately at the 
opening of the Exchange-Blocks of j 
from 20.000 to 170,000 shares were 
thrown into the market, and prices, 
“flashed” at short intervals by 
telephone from the floor of the 
exchange, were far lower than 
those swearing on the tape-. 

“A leading industrialist,’’ his 
identity but thinly disguised under 
that designation, was interviewed 
by reporters as he was leaving the 
Morgan offices. There was no 
possibility, he said, that the corpo- 
rations would do what had been 
feared — namely, withdraw funds 
from the. call money market to 
meet their month-end require- 
ments. His declaration, however, 
was unfortunately juxtaposed with 
an official statement that the 
Federal Reserve Board was putting 
credit into the market which would 
take the place of heavy withdraw- 
als of funds by the corporations. 
Senator Brookhart, of Iowa, did 
nothing to calm the excitement by 
a prediction that, if the stock 
market decline continued, bank 
failures throughout the United 
States might be looked for. 

This morning Controller Berry, 
of New York, announced that the 
sale of $ 60 , 000,000 (£12400,000) 
City bonds schedule d for tomorrow 
had been temporarily postponed 
because, “owing to the moat de- 
moralized conditions of trading 
which the Stock Exchange has ever 
seen, the principal banking houses 
and financial institutions which 
had formed syndicates to put in 
bids have suggested to me that it 
would be a patriotic move, and in 
the best interest of the country as a 
whole, to aid the effort now bed 
made by the large banki 
institutions’* to stabilize the finan- 
cial situation. . . 

One of the incidents of the day 
was the fetal fell from one of the 
upper storeys of an apartment 
bouse btnldmg in which he lived, of) 
the president of a company whose 
stock a few months ago sold at 113, 
and yesterday sold at 4. 

Catting edge 

From Sir John Elliot 
Sir, In the excellent description by 
Guy Topham of revolutionary 
Paris (Travel. October 25) there is 
one error. He refers to “the rusty 
blade of the guillotine hanging on 

.k. Maria- 

Antoinette’s cell. 

What hangs there is the actual 
bell, used to tell the wardens that 
the tumbrils had arrived in the 
courtyard to take the day’s con- 
demned to the guillotine, then in 
the Place Louis XIV (now Con- 

There are a number of blades 
still in existence — one was. for 
years, in Madame Tussaud’s in 
London. .Another is (or was) in the 
Musee Grfcvin. 

Your obedient servant. 



Great Easton, 

Dunmow. Essex. 

October 26. 









Her Royai Highness was re- 

ceived by the President of the 
ritish &i 

October 29: His Excellency Mr 
Tran Van Hung was received in 
audience by The Queen and 
presented the Letters of Recall 
of his predecessor and his own 
Letters of Credence as Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from the Socialist 
Republic of Vietnam. 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by (be following Members 
of the Embassy who bad the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty: Mr Pham Birth 
Man (Third Secretary), Mr Ngo 
Ngoc Phieu (Third Secretary) 
ana Mr Nguyen Ba Phuc 

Mrs Phan Thi Tran had the 
honour ofbeing received by The 

Sir Patrick Wright (Perma- 
nent Under Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present and tbe Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr I.MA Herd man was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen upon his appointment as 
Govenor of the British Virgin 

Mrs Herdman had die honour 
of being received by Her 

British Executive Service Over- 
seas (the Viscount Boyd of 

Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Gibbs was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mis Marie 
Phillips this evening attended a 
dinner given by the Central 
British Fund for World Jewish 
Relief at the Grosvenor House 
Hotel, where Her Royal High- 
ness was received by the Chair- 
man of the Fund (Mr Kenneth 

Mrs Malcolm Innes and Mrs 
Charles- Ritchie were in 


Excellency Mr Einar 
Benediktsson and Mrs Bene- 
diktsson were received in fere- 
well audience by The Queen and 
took leave upon upon His 
Excellency relinquishing his 
appointment as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from Iceland to tbe 
Court of St James's. 

The Queen, accompanied by 
Tbe Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this evening attended a 
reception at St James's Palace 
given by the Horserace Betting 
Levy Board to mark the Board's 
Silver Jubilee. 

Her Majesty, with Her Royal 
Highness, was received by tbe 
Chairman of tbe Board (Sir lan 
Trethowan), the Deputy Chair- 
man (Sir Patrick Meaney) and 
the Chief Executive (Mr Tris- 
tram Ricketts). 

Lady Susan Hussey. Mr 
Kenneth Scon and Lieutenant- 
Commander Timothy Laur- 
ence, RN were m attendance. 

Tbe Queen, attended by Lady 
Susan Hussey, Mr Kenneth 
Scott, /Ur Vice-Marshal Richard 
Peirse and Lieutenant-Corn- 
manderTimothy Laurence, RN. 
left Paddington Station in the 
Royal Train this evening for 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, President of the Save 
the Children Fund, today at- 
tended part of the morning 
session of the Inland Revenue 
Staff Federation Executive 
Committee Meeting at the Staff 
Federation Headquarters, 231 
Vauxhal! Bridge Road, SW1. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President of (he 
Federation (Mr F, Winrbw) and 
the General Secretary (Mr A. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Patron of tbe British 
Executive Service Overseas, this 
afternoon attended tbe Annual 
General Meeting of the Organ- 
ization at the Institute of Direc- 
tors. Phil MalL SWI. 

October 29: The Prince of 
Wales. President. Business in 
the Community, this morning 
opened the Moor Lane Business 
Centre, Mom Lane. Widnes, 

His Royal Highness travelled 
m the Royal Train. 

The Prince of Wales sub- 
sequently visited the Manches- 
ter Business School, Booth 
Street West, Manchester. 

This afternoon His Royal 
Highness, President, Youth 
Business Initiative, attended tbe 
Youth Business Initiative Trade 
Display at Manchester Airport. 

The Prince of Wales, attended 
by Mr Rupert Fairfax and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson, later left Manchester 
Airport in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right for London. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales this evening attended a 
Gala Concert, to mark the 
United Kingdom Presidency of 
the European Community, at 


Mrs George West and Mr 
Humphrey Mews were in 

October 29: The Princess Mar- 
garet, Countess of Snowdon, 
was admitted as an Assistant 
Honoris Causa of the Court of 
the Worshipful Company of 
Haberdashers at Haberdashers’ 
Hall, Staining Lane, today. 

Her Royal Highness was sub- 
sequently entertained at lun- 
cheon by the Master and 
Wardens of the Company. 

The Hon Mrs Wills was in 

Tbe Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon, Master of 
the Bench, this evening dined in 
Hall at Lincoln's Inn. 

Tbe Hon Mrs Wills and 
Major The Lord Napier and 
Etuick were in attendance. 

October 29: The Duke of Kent, 
Chairman of the National 
Electronics Council, this after- 
noon took the chair at the 
Council's Annual General Meet- 
ing and later attended tbe 
Mountbatten Lecture, which 
was given by Professor John 
Ashworth, at the Institution of 
Electrical Engineers. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

A memorial service for tbe Eari 
of Dundonald will be held at St 
Paul's, Knightsbridge. 
Memorial Requiem Mass for 
Mr Cuthbert Fitzberbert wifi be 
celebrated in Westminster 
Cathedral at 1 1.30 today. 

A memorial service for Mr Basil 
Greene will take place in the 
Chapel of Lincoln's Inn on 
Thursday, November 6. at 5.00 

Birthdays today 

Sir Henry Chilver, 60. Sir 
Robert Clayton, 71; Professor 
Sir Christopher Foster, 56: Sir 
Sydney GiffiutL 60: Sir Kenneth 
Hutchison. 33: Sir Ian Mae- 
lennan. 77; M Louis Malle. 54: 
Mr Gulbrie Moir, 69; Lord 
Robertson. 74; Mr William 
Shelton, MP. 57: Admiral Sir 
Gordon Tait. 65; Sir David 
Wilson. 55: Mr 
Michael Winner. 51. 


Central British Fond for World 
Jewish Relief 

Princess Anne was the guest of 

honour at a dinner held by the 

Central British Fund for World 
Jewish Relief last night at 
Grosvenor House. Mr Kenneth 
Rubens, chairman, presided and 
Sir Claus Moser, vice-chairman, 
also spoke. Among others 
present were: 

The Ambassador of Israel and Mn 
Avner. Lady Moser. Lady JaXooovita. 
Dr and Mn L KopetowKz. MM 
FeUmy Kendall. Mn Angela Rubens. 
Mr DbvM cape-Thdmpson and Mr 
Martin Gilbert. 

HM Government 
Lord Trefgarae, Minister of 
State for Defence Procurement, 
was host yesterday at a dinner 
held at Lancaster House in 
honour of General Sharif Zeid 
Bin Shaker, Commander-in- 
chief Jordan Armed Forces. 

Royal I nstituti on of Chartered 

Mr Laurence Kinney. Chairman 
of tbe City of London branch of 
the Royal Institution of Char- 
tered Surveyors, presided at the 
annual dinner held last night at 
Fishmongers’ HalL Sir Nigd 
Mobbs and Mr Ronald Bern- 
stein, QC, also spoke. Among 
those present were: 

Thr President or the Royal uutuuttoa 

of Chartered Surveyor*, the PraMenf 

or the In c orpor a ted society of values 

and Auctioneers, trie Chairman of the 
Planning and Communications 
Com mOtee of the Cuy Corporation, 
the city Surveyor and me Master and 
Gterk of the Surveyors' Company. 

CranJetgh School 
The Cranleigh dinner was held 
at the school on Saturday, 
October 25. Mr Anthony Hart, 
Headmaster, was in the chair 
and Dr AJ.F. O'Reilly re- 
sponded on behalf of the guests. 

Families for Defence 
Lady Olga Maitland, nairrMn 
of Families for Defence Patrons 
Cub, presided at a dinner held 
at the House of Commons last 
night, sponsored by Sir Antony 
Buck. QG MP. Mr Michael 
Heseftine. MP. was the principal 
guest speaker. 


HM Government 
The Prince and Princess of 
Wales were tbe guests of honour 
at a reception and concert held 
last night at Guildhall to mark 
the United Kingdom Presidency 
Of the European Community. 
The Secretary of State for For- 
eign and Commonwealth Af- 
fairs and Lady Howe were hosts. 

Service reception 

The King’s Own Royal Border 

The annual reception of The 
King's Own Royal Border Regi- 
ment was held yesterday at the 
National Army Museum. Chel- 
sea- Major-General D. E. Miller, 
president of the regimental 
association, presided. 


The night sky in November 

By Our Astronomy 
Mercury will be at inferior 
conjunction on the 13th and at 

greatest cnonung^eloogatiqn (20 

deg) on The 30th. when it will 
rise two hours before the Sun 
and brighten day by day. 

Venus will be at inferior 
conjunction on tbe 5th; it wiU 
then become a morning star 
risiiK two boms or more before 
the Sun towards the end of tbe 
month. Its magnitude wiU be - 
4.6. Moon near ii on the 29th. 

Mars will retain its setting 
time of 21h40m while moving 
into Aquarius. Moon not far 
away on the 8th. 

Jupiter is the brightest object 
(other than the Moon, of course) 
in the southern sky, as neither 
Foma! haul nor the approac h i n g 
Mars are serious competitors. 
Moon near it on the 10th. 

Saturn, though not actually 
set, is not readily observable. 

Uranus is also lost in the 
western twilight, and the same 
can be said of Neptune, al- 
though it sets later than the 
other two. 

The Moon: new, 2d06h; first 
quarter. 8d21h:hiD, I6d02h;last 
quarter, 24dl7h- 

AlgoL approximate times of 
evening minima are 10d22‘£h 
and I3dl9%h- 

The eclipse of the Moon 
(October 17) passed with the 
usual result in my area; after a 
dear sunny day the sky was 
heavily overcast by the tune tbe 
event was due. It has been 
mentioned in these notes before 
that eclipses come in fortnightly 
pairs, solar and lunar, at about 
six months’ intervals. Next year 
the two lunar ones are penum- 
bra!, meaning that the Moon 
does not enter the dark shadow 
(umbra) and tbe dimming in the 
half shadow is hardly 

Tbe 1988 lunars are partial 
and not observable from West- 
ern Europe, so we in Britain will 
have to wait until August 17, 
1989 to see a total eclipse of the 

nine or London 

< brltf 

stars, that wtn 

at 23ta (11 nm] at me betfnutng, 

be .above tee Portion to the 
. 32h CIO pm) tn the mkbOe. 


2ih (9 pm) at ttoe end at the maun, local mao tone ai puens away from tne 

creenwtcti meridian 

I man me above by one Hour for cadi 16 deg watt or Qreenwidi 

litte amount if me part. The map.sbotfld be tuned so 


i 16 a 

ad which me diagram 

Catoown by me words Around in* 

me observer talH 

me zeniui beingaiml — 

Universal Time and expressed In 24-bour notation. 


feartler by a 

SMu>c lurfteon 

Is at the bottom. 

centre. Greenwich Mean Time. knownMOTHHiB 

^ 1 ^— — oa t* used in tbe accom pan y in g 

When two moving celestial 
bodies happen to have the same 
longitude in the sky they are said 
to be in conjunction. Mercury 

and Venus will be in conjunc- 
tion with the Sun this month, 
"inferior” because they are cm 
our side of tbe Sun, "superior” if 
on the opposite side. 

Normally the latitudes are 
differat and the planet is north 
or south of the Stm, Venus being 
south on this occasion. 

Once in a while the latitudes 
are the same, the planet is 
directly between us ana the Sun, 
and can be seen as a black dot 
crossing tbe Sun's disc. This wiD 
happen to Mercury on the 13th, 
but unfortunately not observ- 
able from north-west Europe; 
tbe event is from lb43m to 
6h31m and tbe Sun will not rise 
until after 7h. 

The intervals between transits 
of Mercury vary from 3 to 13 
years and occur in May and 
November. The last was in 
November 1973; elaborate 
preparations were made at 
Hets tm onceax and by ama- 

teurs, but the event was clouded 
out in southern England. 

The next wiH he m November 
1 993. Transits oTVenus occur in 
pairs eight years apart bat with 
more than a century between 
pahs. Tbe last were in 1874 and 
1882, and tbe next in 2004 and 
2012. In the I8tb and 19th 
centuries transits of Venus seen 

tbe to 

determine the distance of the 
Sun and hence the scale of the 
solar system. 

November is the month of the 
Leonid Meteors, which may be 
about from the 15th to 20th, 
with a maximum on tbe night 
1 7th- 18th. It will not be very 
exciting as the “shooting stars", 
though sometimes bright, are 
rather few and it will be only just 
after full moon. The radiant is in 
Leo and wiQ not be well dear of 
tin* eastern horizon until after 1 


Lieatonnt AJ*. Bkssoo, RN, 
and Miss JJL Ames 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, October 18, at tbe 
Catholic Church of St Gregory 
tbe Great, Stratford-on-Avon, of 
Lieutenant Andrew Basson and 
Miss Jane Amos. 

Tbe bride was attended by 
Miss Stephanie Ross. Lieuten- 
ant Trevor Price, RN, was best 

Mr N. Lamb 
and Miss C- Simpson 
The marriage took place on 
October 18, at St Michael's, 
Shal bourne, of Mr Nicholas 
Lamb and Miss Chtoe Simpson. 
Canon Hugh Pickles and the 
Rev Dr Brian Kiik-Duncan 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her father and attended 
by Christopher Lamb, James 
Lamb, Antony Lamb and James 
Stuan-LockharL Mr Simon 
Lamb, brother of the bride- 
groom, was best man. 

The honeymoon is being 
spent abroad. 



Mr SJL Nod-Hm 
and Miss ILM. Roberts 
The engagement is announced 
between Steven, son of Mr N. 

Noel-Hill, of London, and of 
Mrs M.K. Noel-Hill, of 
SunninghiU, Berkshire, and 
Rosamund, daighter of the late 
Colonel Sir Thomas L.H. Rob- 

MrNJVL Gould 
and Miss L. Stares 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs D.DJM. Gould, of 
Woking, Surrey, and Laura, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.K. Stares, of Danbury, Essex. 

erts, Bt, and of Margaret Lady 
ion, SW7. 

Roberts, of London, ! 

Mr PJ. Bingham 
and Miss V A. Huat-Taykr 
The Aw g » g< »ffl pn* is announced 

between Philip, second son of 

the late Dr W.GA Bingham 
and of Mis Bingham, of North- 
ampton, and Valerie Antbea, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R.C.G. 
Hunt-Taylor, of Kensington, 

Mr SJ. IIQngwortfa 
and MiSS XJ. Blackmu) 

The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Dr and 
Mrs R. Illingworth, of 
Wadenhoe, near Peterborough, 
Cambridgeshire, and Karen, 

daughter of Mr and Mis J. 
Blackman, of Warboys, 

Mr RJXM. Birch 
and Miss EAM. Kentfidd 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr 

and Mrs fLA. Birch, of Oxford, 


C U M A N 



Christ! a rx 



'•v * <nt 

.2: ■: ■>:. 




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34” to 48", in short, regular, long 
and portly fittings.) 

Acuman. For outstanding names 
and astonishing value. 

C U M A N 








and Elizabeth, elder daughter i 
Mr and Mrs G.EA. Kentfidd, 
of North wood, Middlesex. 

Mr MJL Lawson 
aai Miss JJ. taw 
The en ga ge m ent is announced 
between Mark, son of Mrs LG 
Lawson, of Rickmansworth, 
Hertfordshire, and Jeni, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs PA. Law, of 
Chorieywood, Hertfordshire. 

Gapfain R.G. Brooks, RADC 
and Miss FJLS. McMicben 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, younger son 
of Mr and Mis T.C Brooks, of 
Clifton ville, Kent, and Fiona, 
younger daughter of the late Mr 
J. McMicben and of Mrs P. 
McMichen, of Fleet, 

Mr G J. McPbee 
and Miss LE. French 
The e ngagement is announced 
between Gregg John, only son of 
Dr and Mrs J. McPhee, of Little 
Chester Street. London, and 
Karen Elizabeth, only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs GR. French, of 
The Chowns, Harpenden, 

Mr S.GJL Cowan 
and Miss N.MJV. Raise 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Com- 
mander and Mrs Peter Cowan, 
of Farnham, Surrey, and MerieL 
daughter of Mr and Mrs George 
Raine. of Esher, Surrey. 

Mr BJXA. Crane 
and Mbs GJL Durham 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce, youngest sou of 
Mr and Mrs J.WA Crane, of 
Hoddesdon. Hertfordshire, and 
Clahe-Louise, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs SJ. Durham, of 
Bishop's Stortford, 


Major R. Rook 
and Miss RJ. Harrap 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Richard, sen of Mr and 
Mis Jack Rook, of Mumias, 
Kenya, and Rachel Jean, daugh- 
ter of Mrs Jean Hanap of Upper 
Hopton, West Yorkshire, and 
the late Mr John Harrap. 

'Arcy da 

and Miss CD. Vamly 
The engagement is announced 
between Brian, son of Mr and 
Mrs James D'Arey Clark, of 
Oxwold House, near Barnsley, 
Gloucestershire, and Constance, 

Mr DJVL Webber 
and Miss S. Forage 
The engagement is announced 
between David Michael, son of 
Mr and Mrs Michael Webber, of 
Bamford, Derbyshire, and 
Stephanie, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs TJR. Forage, of Barnet, 

eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
el Vin 

Michael Vinily, of Discovery 
Bay. Hong Kong. 

Mr DAL Wzghtimu) 
and Mbs CL. Parkin 
The engagement is announced 
between David, second son of 
Dr and Mrs WJB. Wigbtman, of 
Watford, Hertfordshire, and 
Catherine, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs T.SLR- Parkin, of 
Rowledge, Farnham, Surrey. 


Pricey pastoral pastel 

By Huon MsUafin 

Sotheby's and Christie's i 
catering su c ce ssf ully to very 
different tastes in New York on 
Tuesday,, the former with nine- 
teenth century European paint- 
ings and the tatter with the 
collection of English and conti- 
nental saw formed by the “Tin 
Kins”, Simon Patido and his 

In London yesterday 
Sotheby's sold Old Master 
plnHnp to a total of £971,355 
with 14 per cent feBmg to sdUU 
The London dealer, Vaa Haften, 
secured an elaborate stiD life of 
dead game centred on Diana and 
her at te ndan ts and dogs by 
Johannes Fyt at £66,000 (es- 
timate £10,000 to £15,000). 

There was strong Japanese 
bidding in the Sotheby's sale 
artribotnig hugely to the total 
of 55,020 J45. or £3392,195. 
with 17 per cent bought. 

A pastel drawing by Millet of 
a shepherdess co nc e ntra ting 
more on her knitting than her 
charges reached 5286,000 or 
£193J!43 (estimate Si 00,000 to 
5150,000). An oil sketch of a 
little goose girl by the same 
artist made 5231,000 or 
£156,081 (estimate 5125,000 to 

Stiver gilt was tn demand at 
Christie's, and pair of William 
and Mary salvers on detachable 
bell-shaped stands bearing the 
arms of the fifth Earl of Devon- 
shire sold for $220,000 or 
£152,777. trouncing an estimate 
Of between 540.000 and S60JW0. 

Closer to the aactiooeers 
expectations was the S192,SW 
paid by a European dealer for a 
pair of dishes and covers made 
in Aogsbarg between 1717 and 

Christie's offered antique 
arms and anaoor, and in this 
sale two private bidders were 
mprh in evidence. The mast 
expensive lot went to a collector 
at £49,500. This was an elabo- 
rate and impressive pair of cased 

Bohemia for the Dnke of Cam- 
bridge (1774 to 1830), who was 
Viceroy rf Hanover. These were 
sold on behalf of a descen da nt of 
the Royal Family (estimate 
£30,000 to £40^00). 

A pair of over-and-ander flint- 
lock pistols bearing Napoleon’s 
cipher and traditionally said to 
have been made to him went to 
a Iff 11 * 1 " dealer at £33,000. Tbe 
sale produ c ed £268^*33 with 6 
per cent bought in. 

Perhaps the very first West 
Indian cricketer, and certainty 
the first to have had his portrait 
painted, sold for £28^00 at 
Beanies in Torquay y est er day. 
He was Herbert Newton Janett 
who was bon in Jamaica in 






Only one room at the top 

Mr John Braine, who died 
on October 28 at the age of 64, 
became, with his fits! novel. 
Room at the Top, one of tbe 
exemplars of the anti-heroic, 
anti-bourgeois spirit of post- 
war Britain, which became 
vociferous in the writers of tbe 

Joe Lamptou, hero of Room 
at the Top, was a typical 
protagonist of the genre. A 
working-class boy who won 
the boss's daughter and a 
share in the business,, be was 
left at die end with the proof of 
what be had always believed, 
that these successes are empty 
and meaningless by compari- 
son with a life of personal 

But Lampion, like his cre- 
ator, ran out of s t e am . The 
sequel to Room at the Top was 
a disappointment and so, 
essentially, was the rest of 
Braine’s fife. Though bis work 
continued to be successful 
commercially, his reputation 
as an original writer was not 

Politically he moved, like 
other writers ofhis generation, 
from angry Left to hard Right, 
and this ideological shift coin- 
cided with a physical move 
from North to South, which 
be had formerly refused to 
make on the grounds that it 
would be. “a land of betrayal 
to live eel off .from tbe 
working dass" Either way, his 
political views lacked depth. 

Yet it is not given to many 
to write even one enduring 
book, and it is likely that 
Room at the Top will last, both 
for its own merits as a story 
and for die tight it throws on a 

John Gerard Braine was 
born in Bradford on April 13, 
1921 He was brought up a 
Roman Catholic and educated 
at St Bede's Grammar School 
After a number of dead-end 
jobs, he became a librarian at 
Bingley. a small town in his 
native Yorkshire. 

~y\ . ~ 3 
nV f' £ 



He pursued this career - 
with a break for 

for war service in 

the Navy -until 1951, when he 
decided to become a freelance 

writer. Though he did get a 
verse play. The De. 

_ Desert in the 

Mirror , produced in Bingley 
during this period, he fell ill 
with tuberculosis and, after a 
spell in hospital, returned to 

It was in 1957 that the 
publication of Room at the 
Topbrou&nhim almost over- 
night celebrity and enabled 
him to become a full-time 
writer. Filmed the following 
year, the book gained even 
wider currency. Though its 
commercial success was not 
inseparable from a preoccupa- 
tion with sex still relatively 
new to the reading public of 
the time. Room at the Top 
certainly is a powerful, un- 
sparing exposition of its 

Braine's second novel. The 
Vodi (1959X is a not entirely 
happy excursion into the su- 
pernatural, but with Life at the 
Top (1962) be returns to Joe 
Lampton, now uneasily in- 

stalled as a capable but disillu-* > 
sioned executive. 

The descent into sheer com- .- 

merrialism, through wh Jdi so- 
cial -realism only fttluiiy 
flickers, continued in subse- 
quent novels. The Jealous Goa 
(1964) is, perhaps, an excep- 
tion. Bui The Crying Game 
(1968) and Stay with Me till 
Morning (1970) all continued > 
to weaken the “tough mani- 
festo which Braine as a seu~ ■ 
avowed Northern novelist had 
originally expounded against 
the “soft" South. 

By 1970 it was becoming 
dear fh»t his contribution to 
the En glish novel was to be a 
one-book affair. Bui he con- 
tinued to write novels as well 
as being a prolific literary 
journ alis t, and the television 
series, Man at the Top, de- . 
rived loosely from his books, 
enjoyed popularity. In 1980 
Stay with Me till Morning was 
adapted for television by : 
Yotkshire TV. 

Braine's later books are ever 
more obsessively autobio- 
graphical, apart from a study 
of J. B. Priestley (1979), 
published while the subject 
was still alive and expressing 
Br aine ’s warm admiration for 
the doyen ofYorkshire writers 
who was also a native of 

In Oneand Last Love (1 98 1 ) 
Braine introduces himself 
under the new name of Tim 
Hamforth, a middle-aged 
Yorkshire writer settled ;in 
Surrey, who is having an 
adulterous affair. In These 
Golden Days (1985), his last 
novel. Hamforth moves to 
Hampstead and finds content- 
ment, though in more restrict- 
ed circumstances, with his . 

But Braine was not made 
for serenity. Though his con- 
duct involved much rejection 
of the rules of Roman Catholi- 
cism, he could never escape 
from tbe religion in which He 
was bred, aitt a sense of gu 
is. very noticeable in the wor 
of his middle age, even whi 
he is writinga thriller such •_ 
The Pious Agent (1975). Y« t 
his mind was not philosophic 
cal enough to enable him, like 
Graham Greene, to turn con-, 
fused faith into good art. i 

He married Helen Patricia 
Wood in 1955. She survives 
him with their son and three 








Dr Marga Klompe, the first 
woman to hold a ministerial 
post in foe Dutch parliament, 
has died at the age of 74. 

Margarefoa Albertina Ma- 
ria Klompe - was bom at 
Arnhem on August 16, 191Z 
After graduating from Utrecht 
Uni veisity, she taught chemis- 
try and physics for many 

She first became interested 
in politics what she worked as 
a provincial leader in foe 
resistance movement during 
foe Nazi occupation of tbe 
Netherlands - work which 
(nought her into contact with 
national leaders. 

In 1947 she was invited to 
join the Netherlands delega- 
tion to the UN General As- 
sembly. She was also a 
member of the Council of 
Europe, and the only woman 
member of tbe assembly 
which was charged with work- 
ing out a draft European 

She served as Minister of 
Social Welfare from 1953 to. 
1963 and Minister of Culture, 
Recreation and Social Work 
from 1966 to 1971i 

Dr Klompe was a keen 

advocate of foe greater in- 
volvement of women in poli- 
tics. “I am not foe militant 
feminist of foe 1920s”, she 
asserted, “but I believe that 
women should be given every 
opportunity to develop and 
use all their abilities”. 

A leading figure in Roman 
Catholic secular circles, foe 
served on foe Vatican com- 
mission Just it ia et Pax. She 
also devoted much of her time 
to foe International Federa- 
tion of University Women 
and foe National Center of tbe 
Roman Catholic Women’s 

In 1972 she was refused an 
entry visa to South Africa, 
where she planned to hand 
over a petition protesting 
against a five-year house ar- 
rest for anti-apartheid activi- 
ties imposed on a British-born 
Roman Catholic priest 

Dr KIomp6 was a holder of 
the Grand Cross of the Crown 
of Belgium and the Golden 
Cross of Merit of foe Interna- 
tional Red Cross. She spent 
her free time lectu ring to 

youth groups. She also liked to 

read poetry - “I almost never 
have tune for novels". 



Dr Robert Brenner, advo- 
cate of improved road safety, 
died on October 26. He was 

Brenner was instrumental 
in setting up tbe National 
Highway Safety Bureau in foe 
United States. He was also 
prominent in foe international 
experimental safety vehicle 
programme, aimed ai improv- 
ing road safety through new 
design and technology. 

He via ted European capi- 
tals in foe early 1970s to seek 
agreement on a common ap- 
proach to safer car designs, 
known as experimental safety 

"Motor manufacturers* 
shelves and filing cabinets are 
full of Hfsig ng and ideas to. 
improve car safety”, Brenner 
explained. "In five yeart”, he 
added optimistically, "1 am 
sure we foafl have low-cost, 
high-safety cars on the road”. 

In 1975 Brenner formed 
and became president of the 
Institute for Safety Analysis 
Inc., which provided consult- 
ing services, research and 
expert witness statements in 
road accidents, consumer 
product failures ’ .and .risk 

Mr David Hand, the Ameri- 
can film animator who was 
foe supervising director of the 
Waft Disney features Snow 
White and the Seven Dwarfs 
and Bambi, has died at foe age 

He was born at Plainfield, 
New Jersey, and studied at the 
Academy of Fine Arts in 
Chicago. He entered foe film 
uadustiy in 1919 and worked 
for foe animation pioneer 
John Bray, and for Max 
Fleischer, inventor of the Poo- 

Snow White and the Seven 
Dwarfr which appeared in 
1937, was foe first Disney 
Feature-length film ^ ^ 
foe most elaborate and exnen- 
sive cartoon produced up 5> 
foal tune. v w 

It proved to be a landmark 

m film animation and more 
thmi any other picture forSd 
the cartoon to be reganfedasa 
senemsart-fonn. Bambi, foe 
3 *??? dcer > followed 

a* 1 **!- 

. 1^45 Hand can^ tn 
Bntain to establish GB Ani- 
mation, a cartoon unit fin- the 
Rank Organization. 



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BALFOUR On 28th October to Camma 
and Matthew, am 

&ANKE5 • Oh October 27tt» 1986 at H 
M Starter HosottaL 91 Asaph. 
Ctwyd. U> fflieri CHeakO and Man- 
ias. a dausMer. 

BURKE - On October 28th a Guys 
Hos pi ta l , to Mary (nM- Burgess) «* 
Andrew, a daughter. Oaffe EBza- 
beth. a sister for John. 

CROIME -On Tuesday October 28 th at 
7 I *i5£? rtch ►*«»««. to Fiona utte 
Lamtetjjmd Janes, a son. Matthew 
P^cteJohn. . hroowr (Or Ellabeth 

BBS*** • On October 18th. ax 
*B“ 8 S*£ Londonderry, 

to Katie <n«e Day) and Simon, a 
daughter Conslanela. 

BEWWO - On October 2 fith 1986. at 
PHhljury HowUaL Stent, to Sharon 
•nee Pringle) and CMve. a daughter. 
Amelia Rose. 

WHAM ■ On October 28 th at the Port- 
land Hospital. London Wl. To 
Charlott e and Barry, a son. 

D 5™J2 M ' 88 th October at 
Cuckfleid. to AUson (erfe Barter) and 
Alan, a son. Mark David Albert. 

FB WIEU; - On October 28th. to 
VassUikl and Ntchoiaa. a daughter. 
Alexandra, a sister for Marina ana 

FLIGHT - On October 27th. at Queen 
Mary's Hospital. Roehampton. to 
Oinstabel and Howard, a daughter 

GILMOUR . on Z5 October. 10 Pnmrta 
tnee CtiappelBand John, a son. Atex- 
ander. br other for James- 

HERBERT - On October 26th. at 
Cucksield Hospital, to Prue Cote 
Manning) and Duncan Herbert, a 
d augh ter. OUvta Frances. 

FARRT - On October 26th 1966 at 
Ouem Charlotte's Hospital. London. 
10 Olga (nfe mi) and Martin, a 
daughter. Yotande. 

SHRADER. On October 17H* 2986 at 
toswteh to Jo tote Pratt) and Rod. a 
daughter. Laura Elizabeth, a staler 
to r Gre gory. 

SOMERVELL- On 28th October, at the 
West London HospUaL to Sozette 
<nee Schwonek) and Matthew, a 
daughter Fellcny Margaret 

UPDALE - On 27lh October, at Canada 
House. Gillingham, to Alicia <nte 
Rudzka) and Rolf, a daughter. Fran- 
cesca. a sister for Charlotte 


BURTON • On 29th October 1906. 
peacefully. Gwendoline LolUe aged 
99 years. Mass of Reaulem 1 1 , 00 am. 
on Tuesday 4th November, at the 
church of St Andrew. Clifton Road. 
Worthing. Family Flowers only. 

CLARKE ■ On October 27th 1986. 
peacefully. Phylhs Maud Garrard, 
aged 87 years. Funeral Service at 
West Overton Church, near 
Malt) rough on Tuesday 4th Novem- 
ber at 10.46 a m. followed by private 
cremation. Famfly nowers only but 
donations welcome to the London 
Association for the BUnd. 14 Vesney 
Road. 5W26. 

EVANS - On October 27th. peacefully 
at Hythe Nursing Home. Dorothy 
Farrington Evans, fo r mer l y of Beg- 
gars RoosL Brebourae Lees. 
Ash/ord. KenL Funeral at Smeeth 
Parish Church. Nr .Ashford, on 31St 
October at 2-30um. 

GRAHAM - On October 27th. Sabra 
Florence (nee Brittain) aged 96. of 
Wlnsfonl. Somerset and also of The 
Grampians. London W 6 . 

BURHCY - On 2fith October 1986. 
peacefully at home. Percy {Phillip) 
Ltond Oectt. la Ms 88 U 1 year. Dearly 
loved by his wife EtfaeL c htM r e p 
Claudia and CS a ufl. Ms grandchil- 
dren, Ms ftmtfy and friendt 
Reouiem Mam at St Augustine's 
Church. Crescent RtL. Tunbridge 
Webs at 12 noon. Monday 3rd No- 
vember. Ftowen to E R MckmotL.' 
Tonbridge WeUi- 22462. 

KL YAR - Op 2&h Octobo'. Mtowtag 
a heart attack. Roger Mcbatf aged 
66 . of Newgon. PanbroicotUre. (for* 
merty of Bteckheath and TumtaoL 
Husband or June and father of WHL 
Always tovtnj and supportive, fu- 
neral Tuesday «h at Narterth 
CTemaioriom. Enoidrtes Daniel. Car^ 
digan. T«t 614x51 or home Newport 
Dyfed 0259 82039& 

JUDD - On Wednesday 22 nd October 
I 1986. Kenneth Judd. Funeral Mae 
I at the Brampton Oratory. Thursday 
30Ui October at 2 pjbl. Ftowen to 
the Oratory House. 

I Mormon - on October 27 m. taddeD* 
(K Harold T B. formerly of Ensor 
Mews. Funeral prtvafe. No fatten 
P Woe. 

RAWUENCE . on 27th October 19B6. 
Sarah Margaret Fitzgerald (Come) 
aged 99. Wtfa of the law Geoige Nor- 
man Rawteoce MAE. MA. 
formerly of RtvenOeML 169 Lower 
Road. Betsertan. Salisbury. Wilts.. 
Elder daughter of the late Sir 
Archibald FiagerNd Law. Mother of 
Eleanor. Mtohad and Mary. Service 
of Rememberenoe Monday 3rd No- 
vember a 3 pjn. in SL Andrew's 
Church. Lower Road. Bemerton. 

ROSE - On October 27th. at RbAy 
Park Hospital. PhUp Charles John, 
son of Albert and the late Catherine 
Peggy, husband of QUUan and fomor 
of Marcos. Thomas and Alexander. 
Funeral at AH SaluTs Church. 
JHariow. Bocks, at 11 JO am. eo 
Wednesday November 6th. Emoi- 
ries to Sawyer Funeral Sevice. 

Marlow 5331. 

VAILLAMT ■ Paul Francois. OJLE.. 
aged 74. Befoved husband of SyML 
Falher of Sara and grandfolber of 
Kim. Jennifer and John Pan*. Peace- 
fully to Mexico City 28Ch October, 
win be remembered by friends to 
R.AJF and BjOJLC. 


GORDOARD - A tbanks^vtog service 
for the life of Li. CoL CtuHtopher 
Rex Oorddard RJC wm be held at St 
Albans Garrison c t»urrh- LarkhUL 
on Friday 14th November 1986. at 


JENNER MarcedtM dearly loved 
mother, grandmother and (peat 
grand mother. Born October SOth 
1886. Remembering no tier daugh- 
ter Martori*. ray mother, who died In 
1981. With love Jennifer and Her 
children. Crispfan and Miranda. 



BURBAGE The ftmerat of Alan Ed- 
ward Borbage. wffl Be beklat ium 
Thursday 30th October, at SL 
Erconwaids Church. £Sw Avenue. 
Wabon-on-Thamea. Donations to 
Ueu of Oowera. to Mount Vernon 
Hospital, c/o Dr. Cosarin. Mount 
Vernon HospftaL North wood. Mid- 
dlesex. Please mark donations for 
kidney machine. 

Science report 

Spa study could help 
psoriasis sufferers 


An attempt to harness the 
curative properties of a natural 
spa is being made by Icelandic 
and British scientists for the 
treatment of psoriasis, a wide- 
spread and painAxi skin disorder 
thought to afflict as many as two 
per cent of the population in the 
Western Hemisphere. 

The condition is often asso- 
ciated with arthritis, and it is 
unresponsive to most available 
attempts at a cure. 

The Icelandic, involvement 
has come about through the 
curative properties of the Blue 
Lagoon, a pool formed as a 
byproduct at the Svartsengi geo- 
thermal heating plant on the 
Reykjanes peninsula in the 
south west of the 
country -Basking in the numer- 
ous “hot pots" created by 
Iceland's uniquely active vol- 
canic geology is a national 

The Swedish film director 
Ingmar Berman, a psonasis 
sufferer, has given the Blue 
Lagoon his seal of approvaL 
Limited lathing facilities there 
are now managed by the Icelan- 
dic Society of Psoriasis and 
Eczema Sufferers. 


London Chamber ol Commerce 
Lord Trefgarue, Minister of] 
State for Defence Procurement, > 
was the guest of honour at a 
London Chamber of Commerce 
Defence luncheon held yes- 
terday at the Savoy Hotel. Sir 
Anthony Joffiffe. president of 
the chamber, presided and outer 
guests included: 


?^grjasrfi5frA U B M b fift t 


Royal Society of Cbenusbry _ 

The council of the Royal Society 
of Chemistry conferred the title 
of honorary fellow of the society 
on Princess Chulabhorn of 
Thailand yesterday. Professor 
R.O.C Norman presided at a 
luncheon held afterwards at 
which Princess Chulabhorn was 
the principal guest. The Ambas- 
sador of Thailand and Mrs 
Prasasvinitchai were among 
those present. 

Carlton Chib 

Mr Eric Koops. Chairman of the 
Carlton Club Political Commit- 
tee, presided at a luncheon hdd 
vesterday at the dub. Mr 

Kenneth Clarke. QC MP. was 
the guest of honour and Mr Ian 
Taylor also spoke. 

Service dinner 

7th Armoured Division Officers’ 


Major-General G. P- B. Roberts 
presided at the annua] dinner oi 
the 7th Armoured Divison 
Officers’ Club held last night at 
the Naval and Military oub. 
Among those present were: 

General C B L GuUirw oira Wiw 
General A LosrUm. 



W O BKiwa in the Alp* tote whiter? ring 
nv. n wot be m yocr him 226 3481 

Hte WMW JuW J-A. tow lUi 
mow me P nra acnt «x toe Society 
foMewliw tor aoddm M4 tntoe dMU of 
Prater mgi jmbub. - 

Sta PETER LE MARC US93-L63I). Tne 
CnurcftwKiteM <rf 8t Mwwt 
Lrthbwy CC2 7W wm is trace aving 
rewMvr*. miuMteMBbAmrat. 

1 mu 1 1 n» m 1 mu mm- 

to Otomo - Cxpcdltioa depArte Oet 30, 
Room tor two mare gun* - tonunertce. 

‘LADT FOR SALT from DivVt 
•eafecMs. 7 cterrhrap. LMcnwsnb. 
term see «ul . _ 

MOST SACROb Hean of Jraa « Hoty 8*. 
Jute. Tnank yoa tor tow wantra. 




WteamterabeeugnirabRnl cork ita. 
BdtofMty iMM natal toe ben mon- 
ey can buy £8 93 per sq ya + vm. 
Mcrafeahn velvet pe* ca not 1 * rth 
Moors. BuOt kn'MMertw 12* wide 
l»ra stack. 7ye«r wear gugrante* ter 
horae or etOce. C4 .76 per eg Pd vxl 
P lus me tergea ju c ctkin of ptoto cer- 
pettng In London. 

286 New tbngi RMd 

PATtons Oreen SW6 


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Namwtde. Ttk OI 272 8201. 

CAUBSE CITS Ltd DroMonM cornea- 
hn yito* doevraente. DetaUR Oi«n 

MMWrains tor mere man 80 years 
and sob at year sendee Mon to sm . 
!OM»4JDra. A JB Darts Ltd- 89 
QuMffiHW. W2. Tet 01 229 2777. 

CAPITAL Oto iratn Moheuauiy eoerie- 
rttaes. 01*607 7906. 

IUM TAW aw to show you care. 

Tt*anS6 226100. 

■^nt* t" — 

be BlUMHUb«tbTMi.«as. 
(tea N12 9HR. OI 446 12*1/806 1239. . 

SCLECT WUUM ridianr intraduc- 
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Street. Leooen wl Teteebene 01-495 

CONVEYAMCMa by ItiBy auaUfUd SoUrt- 
lors. £180 + VAT and steward 
ittsounamniir Hn» 0244 519398- 

V OUW WUf* BtODSK ODb and 
sriioel 08-40 age grouM Tet 01-573 



Buy War Medals 

including Orders & Decorations 
SMnk & Son Limited 
5-7 King Street. Scjantes* 
London SW1V 6Q6 
Tet 01-930 7888 {24 noon) 

KaoNaM 1066 

irngiB* A rrwardtog aggerluntly in 
naanrial services. Cklemtve woe vin q 
luici Hritge or commercial credit as- 
ranni at all tevtta. Buatnaaa 
1 M M TM exprrtenra. QuaiUMd. ca- 
ergrtir. meblle. 061585 8184. 

IBOMini and Sarawak. Tribal Art 
warned, band woven textora and arte- 
facts collected before 1970. Tei. OI 878 

BBCMETAKT. First dam aoctev n» 
worked many yeara for editor or duality 
> national newiaanW - raaka part Ume cm- 
Dtcymeot. 3 or 4 days a week In 
London. Very good s hortnand end typ- 
ing. Tel OI 624 0266 tEvett. 

WAKVCD Rural cottage In Herts Max BO 
itetea north of London. Price n eg6-12 
i pantta M. Phone 629 2282 day or 

NY - London “Supersonic Supplier, 
i Pkaee contact Ol 379 3366 day* orOl 
j 628 4635 eves. 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and ad 
minted rondtme.' Mr Astxon Ol 9*7 
59*6. 667469 Carron Lane. EWINMto 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian Mil 
aakued. ftt n g u rc. Mr Atengn OL_947 
6946. M7469 CamC Lane. EartstleUL 

SWI7-- • ' 


A joint research team involv- 
ing unxnunologisis and biolo- 
gists at ibe National Hospital in 
Reykjavik and colleague* at Si 
Mary’s Hospital, London, has 
been studying tile condition for 
the past-four years, particularly 
the mvolvementofso-caBedT- 
belper" cells of the body’s 
defonoe system in tbe epidermis. 

Those cells, which are also 
believed to be most severely 
affected by the Aids virus, were 
found to be present in psoriatic 
patches, which in torn occur 
when the skin cefls begin to 
renew themselves at an ab- 
normally high rate. 

Dr Helgi Valdimarsson, 
whose team’s findings are re- 
ported in the September issue of 
immunology Today, writes that 
experimental trials of the drug 
cyclosporin A * used in trans- 
plant operations to in h ib it rqec- 
tion by selectively paralysing the 
T-helpex cells - have been most 

He saysTI think it likely that 
the healing properties cif the 
Blue Lagoon are caused by a 
presence in the water of srinilar 
lymphocyte-paralysing factors” . 

Latest wills . 

Rear Admiral Douglas Henry 
Everett, of Mflford-on-Sea, 
Hampshire, formerly President 
of the Admiralty Interview 
Board and executive officer of 
HMS Ajax at the Battle of the 
River Plate, left estate valued at 

£543^31 net- . , 

Mrs Him Grace Cany, of 
Itcbenor, West Sussex, 1ml es- 
tate valued at £2,477,733 net. 

Mr Michael John Gurney, of 
Great Linford, Buckingham- 
shire, left estate valued at 
£1,752,861 net. 

Glovers 9 Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Glovers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 
Master, Mr Harold G. Walter: 
Renter Warden, Mr Kenneth D. 
Smith; first Under Warden. Mr 
Clive W. Lidstone; Second 
Under Warden, Mr John S. 

City Livery Oub 

The following have been elected 
officers of the City Li very Cl ub 
for the ensuing yea^ Prcsitteiiti 
Sir John Reader Welch; Vice- 
president, Mr Alderman Brian 
E.Toye: Honorary Secretary, Mr 

Deputy JlfpSfo 

Honorary Treasurer, Mr Pbfop 
Allday; Assistant Honorary 
Treasurer, Mr Briaa P. 
Boreham; Assistant Honorary 
Secretary. Mr Frank 



princess Margaret was admitted 
to the Court of the 
Haberdashers’ Company yes- 
terday at Haberdashers Hall 
and made her declaration as an 
assistant honoris enusn. 

■■a wii ni id mrtu rum hi urn 

tea room MM in MW Brateuan 

rrahowny MM ratol Eogtah ob^jv^ 

ante from (MCA- For MMOWATE 
DELIVERY, tncheang flue acanvtax by 
Tttcnmanh A Goodwin. Aitov Bren. 
WlUten miraan ana Andrew SUM. 
Neatebed. near Henley on Tharara 
<0491) 641116. Bournemouth <0202) 
293600. TooUmox Derao <03^7) 
7443, Berkeley. Ctoc (0463) 810962. 
UHBELKVABLE UnreneaWMe multt- 
standard remote corer-m tuny. 

orograramaWe VMS gkteo 

(PAL/SECA33/KTSO UK or «gorL 
£429 at Toot. 91 Lwr Stoane Surat. 
SWl. TeL 730 0983 
RNKCT ooallty wool rarpe te. At trade 
prices and undo-. Map available toy* 

- extra. Large room die remnant* trader 
had normal prica. CBmeery caraaoOi 

iiuan nm any event. wl«x; 

mm EXd. ora. Lra WMWte 
i ami morta. TMi 821^616/1280496. 
LEx / Visa / Diners. . 

■MtiBAY DUE 7 Gh« someone an ortgt- 
, nM Times Mt w spirar «M to vw 
! day toey were bora. E12JB. 0492- 

l 531305. . 

avail. Hand bound ready for preso^; 
lion., i MW rsreidays-. C 126 D, 

Reme mb er When. 01-688 6325. 

CATS, CHESS. LesMte.AU theatre and 
snort. Tel 439 1763. All nvdof credo 

LJWM yU B Qll . WAR HototeteMn. N 
! ■ Hesrate. Ken Howard . C welgtoi- B 
HartUL 0777 222269. 


SWl HRunce and wa de u r. Own 
room, sharing masntfleont tteL £112 
per week inclusive. Trt Ol 589 0910 

Ml Pro*. nA own large room In wen 
mratened snared ml nr tone. «i ew 
excl. Tel: OI 373 747344MB) 

LADBE newly eonv to vury tsgh steei- 
■Sards dtee bdnn tar to Ige am- 
deteeened vietortan bra mod KU/bOv 
got. dte gtew.- new cats, ran ter 
Ptoi. sound ins. coram gdm. «i jkxxm 

a UM M N bsby grind pteaft 4ft9". 1986^ 
Lomv tone, Examera. raoch. eondtdo u . 
QJOA' 0572 57407. 

No aeaiere T« 0962 595824 an SJMPte 

PUUMM W6 M/r 26* o/r Wtfacttra tree 
I BUi Cl 0 lle lMBeraare 2 0 toU 0£l71 pan 
exes * deposit CrrturasMe). TeL Ol 386 
I 6326 mu 

! LIVELY scar mole to DwrecamrM healed 
' oansanoaLSCis an ia*nt»aty / v*> 
torla. £160 pan esc L TS oi 274 5865 
after 7pm. 

I 8 A LHA M pref rn/f » stare nse. an toclU- 
Bea e gdn. o/r. £160 pm ♦ Mbs. tow 
Stopping, nr >ubfc. 01 678 0516 ewea. 
as AT* SWATH 3rd p rot on Z3+. stare 
. c/h me. o/r. n/u. £1*0 son + Mils. 

1 TbLSSB 0478 alter 6J» pm. 
CHM WflCH. 2nd prof man, own- 26. share 
■ M O M NMM wnra c/Jk rardeo. 
£40,00 p.w. exCL TELOl 994 0317. 
KALDM Young pens to snr'eomf flaw own 
ige rm. n/s. d bo pan ted. TO 840 
FULHAM. Prof M/F. N/S to teras* tenan 
copy rUl. Own very ternn. CH. N*«ty 
; dec. £180 tod. TeL 73 1 4083 eves 
todbara. 8W6 Stogie bednianwn cooktop 
facHs.C-l-LSiMl prof ptr*XlS2 
, pan.TSL3Bl 0146 
HMM8ATE O/R. tor «bL to eomlortaw* 

shared fUL Uoe of prtvraerarden. P4rtc- 
, Ws- C32 PX*. Tei Ol 3480368 
! BMMVCLL MLL Lg turn m in lovetelne. 
Cd views n/ die £40 Mon to Fri 01 
888 9464 

swu F tor O/R in- tax 3 Bed house nrar 
Wandsworto common. £180 pan art. 

I TeLOl 685 1870 after 7 pm. 

WM Writers borne M srarny. Mbu 
got. Share Uh me w/mach £55pw 

I toe. TO Ol 602 6080 

nraz prof. F. N/S ID share bet flat with 
owner. O/R . am tubs. £50 mrt. Oi 
438 4627 (day) 740 .6070 (era). 

STM wrOOCMFQfto Prof tengie female to 
shr lovely SMK level nat with owner. 
C/H. o/r. nA- 5 adns <raar central Line 
tube. £40 vw. Tel 01 989 7394. 



AUUAN £235 KAfiACHI £250 


CAIRO £205 NAM £253 

DELM £360 TOME £105 

FflATUfri £55 SEOUL ' 1*05 

KONQ KONG £490 SYMsa. D65 

ISTANBUL Cl 70 TOKYq ' £580 


Tat 01-438 3521/9007 


SoecSH -LATE 3 rdS“ winter Oder 
of booked wHMff.7.dara of depaittrt.' 
Pnoe tattooes retern ttetrack t u p kera ty . . 
Wed 1 ism. transfers, ahrari tex. 7 nlghB 
Is ill a t—atnraie rwternwn lestiswrate 
btehAnower 3 wc \* nMtra ai£ 2 ig. 
smote’ mesa arciyper week. No raudm 
extras. Offer Vans e wwikr iBNio ' 
26 Msrti 1987 ten ted to a VMHiatty ). 

ISLAND SUN 01-222 74S2 • I 

ABTA/ATOL 1907 _ ' j 

Iterator a Mteh Idrad Wrays Pk tonjp. 

rooe. USA & most d ra U n a ft w«- 
Dteliimal Travel: 01-730 2201- A8TA 

cheap mom's W orldwide. Kaynareat 

- 01-930 1366. 

BI 8CD P N T FARES Wo rt d wWW 01-434 
0734 Jiteftte- TraveL . . 



* HOaMtT 

6 xrajxa 


6 FUI 










* * BftSSANE 6 


* * S AFRICA * 



* * TOKYO * 

* * Manila * 

* * BAHRAIN * 

* * NAIROBI * 

* * HARARE * 


* * MIAMI * 



• USA * USA * USA A USA * 


(Ett’d 1969) 

S« Sm8> Sl Epiora . Serryy 

rrs ALL AT 

More letecsn O^ts vis more rentes 
la mare d c st inst io as 
. than any ocher agency 


• Fast expert, bigb-tedi s er v ic e 
• Free raxVtwiUe hotel & car hire pats 

• up to 60% discounts 

Model Vertaer. Chsmpera Msbpc 
CD otchrecL tes Dcbx AJpes i 
Cteiwt QBlas tea of Bte 
Scrampnoas fired, lowly ehslm A m 

lemfie stmas^rae » tsm hyreugilf 

with a few bends or to m p wn y fill ■ 

rialii 1 

Ring 01-370 0999 ANOL 1820 


Chalet Party flptctet* 

£50 off per person 

Moat Dates: Selected Mesons 
School ustotra Spectate 
CnSdren from £89 

Fb«j*fl ^whangp . 

Map A Book Sbop 


■ The TrawEflcn Travel Centre 
42-48 Earls Court Road 
London W8 6EJ 
OPEN 9-9 MON-FR1 9-6 SAT 
boat-mol 01-603 ISIS 
Eurepq/USA 01-937 5400 
la/Btrenctt 01-938 3444 
OoreramenL 1 ii* — epwiiiwi 
ABTA ' UTA ' ' AT0L/14S8 


Stsnd adwee rad gnistec* on 
mkKtd Koninsi IM csss 


MTA 72102 IATA 

Mast* of WHOM* Of Tom* ToteMR 


NteraM. Jb-aragi crare. DobaL 
btannui. Stnoapore. ILL. DdhL 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. A The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

1 76 8hane£ury Avenue ' 

■ Lnratou wi v 7tXL 

01-4390102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


Retura Return 

■KTBUfWfflAn £465 DOUALA £420 

NAIRoei £390 SYDNEY £780 



OEL/BOUBAY £350 UAM £330 



181/168 RopMI Sl Wl 
7H_ 01-43T8Z55W7/8 
Late « (Xoup Booking* Vteteome 

lowest Pares : 

PHtS -‘£69 tteVORK -£27B 

FrankftKt £&o la/SF £365 

tag at tteo Miami ■ cszo 

Nandi, n £326-. Slngaoocn . - £420 
JortNate- — £460- Bangkok- £336 

caira 7 • '£206 Kamisitsn wo 

Dd/Born £336 Rangoon £3fio 

Hons Kong £610 CateuBa £426 

Hape Dbrounte AvaO go la 6 Qu o Cl— 


21 Sw»ll[/W SL Londcra Wl 
01-439 2100/437 0657 

MUKBTI SpertsUMs New Yoc*^9. 
L-A/Ssn rranctoco £329. 
Sydrey/Mtehourae C769. AM ds8y dl- 
tccI nigws- Darodr 130 Jennyn 
Street 01 839 7144 

IU- AMIB MI in aa dM Mnfsws . FVfty 
MiM ABTA agency. Ogod ouotra * 
good service. TraveUdr. Ol 580 1566. 



QUALITY ant qaomty ! 

REAL Service 
FREE Wine 

TRULY Irakpendim Ch. 

0484 548996 

JUST nteWCK ■ Suner value eelr c ate rtog 
mu holism ui in* mi French resorts 
Ring for new brochure now. Tel 01789 
2892. ABTA 69256 AM 1585. 


raomCN ALT* - SWT centered Decemaer 
to April for Brttuh ran hows in ran 
FYrnch Ski Resort, managers, atria, ae- 
Steiam chtea. bar slaft. kUrhen 
MM tt i i u . dome sii c 6 matMamanre 
Fraihre a wins and aaancauon form 
frem: e u ror u ntracis. Gtoucester Mouse, 
OM Ooucmer Road. Boss on Wyr HRO 
5PL. Tel 0989 65017. 

r— r*- -*v— niyspi 
lugcra domestic aggidon. Looking aftei 
■arse Ciishaii must be eta. Otnrr stall 
kept. Car conds PM paid. £1^00 pm 
n*U. Tel Ol StO 1562. (Monroe A«y> 

MM FAJSM.Y IS toolung on Au Pair. 
Pnntilty to Mrai Orman. Otrtt who 

tkm was ptrture to: P-Uderm an . 
TMBSnra 28. 5074 Mian/Bern. 

WANICD: Assarant to arm mother, two 
children, home work, cooking, general 
hem. nositenoker. airetog. A level prrt- 
' rrabte. rial to Lottoon. house in country, 
travel. Tel: Ot-SBi 4976 

EAVM SHOP nraukra eiraerwncad 
01 730 B56T. 

CHALET gins needed for 
cr 86/87. cooki n g exp. 
SMWtitac 01370 0256. 

single parent with 2 girts, age 7 A 8. 
Otef wintMltoii. maMrM wRMg 
Own mam in country borne. Driver 
srrt. Reply C94. 

often m/hetes. dans. aU itve-tn stair. 
UJf. A Ovenass au Mr Agents lid. 87 
Regent a London W.l oi 459 6554 


CMAIRFFEUB/Vatet/Hoaseman. State 
man aged 46, at present with Royalty 
rroutera pcoMlon in ianfty or stostr cm- 
Pkwer. London or country. ExcrtteM 
references. 25 swore t aa srt m ce private 
service. Reply to BOX DTI. 

Ol 441 till. 

Wide. Tel U.T.C. 0755) 867036. 

(too. £860 ono. Aho 64 volranto &eoi 
Books £300 ono. TetOI 45763736 
16th EdMcn. Ood £1 180. Abootuftey as 
new. £660. Ol 699 5411. 

etc. Nationwide detorenra Tel: 103003 
850039 fWZZtsX 

NANO, BPMSI SMNL newly new. 
unltowed modern case, aetkra. PQA. 
Mini CotMhUon. Ol 455 0148. 

IABRAB B The vwge.'NWi. New. runy 
tom A eq ui pp e d. 2 bed. lux to. 
£ 82 . 000 . oevraecpere price. vntUm. 
£79.9961 0403 52242. 

B Ktetetemn»w!t' iSetw^Sera&te 
room, trail, lease 1 16 sir £UMOO Tefc 
Ol 488 2798 

dans Ins nu t n e n ts. good price tor otSrtc 
sale. 586 4981 £T) . 

MS O/R in naherd home. £160 pent ra< 
dudlng bate. Non Smoker, wash reach. 
Prol person sref. PHtoMHX Line 2 mns. 
.01509 2811 after ten 
8W1* Prof M/F. N/S u> share preny cot- 
tage date to transport £60 per wera. 
Owi room - snare tadHites - JM» rate; 
er/ visshJng machine etc. Ol 876 0145 

FLATMATES SdnOw Sharing. Wefl 
estab introductory senora. Pise wl tor 
spot 01-589 Sd9i. 313 B ramp t on 

Road. Sw3 

widf. lte/economy. 01-387.9100 

aid Honeymoons ... Discover Bit Magic 
ot Holy's romantic rides to Autisnii or 
Winter. Can 0i-7«9 7449 for your 
FREE colour brochure. Made of Italy 
De«N T. 47 8terahen»ftmli Green. Lon- 
don. W12 BPS. 

TAKE TBE OFF to Ml ArakrtaiL 
Brussels. Bruges. Geneva. Berne. Lau- 
sanne. Zurich. The Hague. DubUo. 
Rouen. Boulogne f OtePP e. Th y -A O ft. 
2a.awterOne.UMon. 8W1X7BQ. 

01-236 807a ‘ 

TBAVEL CENTRE. Worldwide BfoMi 
raertaReing In isc Chsi cam. omooeny 
to Australia, south Africa. USA, tteooo. 
Fteo. Geneva. Also accomod a tion Swta 
Alps. Ustom Coasts. Algar ve Ap€»_A prh 
rate vmas. Ol 666 TOW ABTA 73196 
ABWARE 8PGCMU8T8 Sydney o/w 

C420 rm £76S. Aucktoui o/w £420rtn 
CT7S. Jolsurg o/w E2C6 rot £485. Las 
A n g e les o/w £178 rtn £3*0- London 
FMgnr Centre 01-370 6332. 
■AWBABOf. I own a Uhutoravllto with 
pool, staff ob w«i Com. Due u» cancel- 
lauon hare vacancy foe Nov. For broefa 
A delafls cat) Hair! Sencrte 021 454 
0912 i Home) 021 253 1200 CofOce) 
LANZAPOTE- Puere del Csrtotei. High 
standard SOU with pooh. Puerto Ventu- 
ra. Tenerife- u n spoB i resorts^NovJuted. 
(0923) 771266. Tlnwway Holidays. 
AHTA. ATOL 1107. 

VALEXANBO E u ropea n Son. Fhgnte. 
01402 Aa62/0082J/alenat> der. Cpqv 
petlOv* wortdwlde tarts. 01-723 2277. 
ABU AW lata Acccos/visa. 

A8M3BCA Plohte whtv Monriiestre desra~- 
tores A ateo South MHO A New 
zeadand Tel Travel Centre. BtockOWn 
<025*1 53257 ABTA 73196 
LATBI Af C R iC A Low COB fllgtote eg. 
Mo £485. Lima £496 rtn. Ateo Small 
droop Hobday Jotm«ys.<cg Peru reran 
• £560) JLA 01-747-3108 • 

LOW FARES TO America. Australia A 

New Zealand. TOOl -930 2656. Hermte 
Travel 55 WTstehaS. London, swi. 
ABTA 54«5X. 

AimHcb. Mid and Far EasL S Africa. 
T7ayvWt 48 Margaret strew. Wi. Oi 
680 2928 (Visa Accepted) 

MENORCA. Tenerife. Greek W a nds . Al- 
garve . vubs Ante Pensions Tavernas. 
HoUdsys/ FUSMS. Brochurea/booungs. 
Ventura Hobdays. Tel 0742 SSiioa 
JAMAICA, K.VORK. Worldwi d e 
desonahons. TOr toe cheapest fares, try 
us 1 in. Rfchroand Trav«. i Dure Sovet. 

RKhmond Surrey. ABTA 01-940 4075. 


British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity 

102 Gloucester Place, V 

. London W1H4DH. fo 3 



Luxury detached 3/4 bedroom country homes, 
many with double garages and 2 bathrooms, dining 
room. lounge with fireplaces and luxury kitchen 
with appliances. 

Come and see the very best of new home building 
at Pews ey Meadows. Pewsey. Wiltshire. 

Telephone: 0672 62089. 

Traratwtse- adu. A«ol 

734 6387. A8TA/AML 

«OVm AFRICA lor Christmas Special 

rates. MHOT TraveL 01 486 9257 IATA 

Ol 736 8191. ABTA ATOL. 

MOROCCAN MARK ■ Hobdays, ntohts. 
•reran, car tore. Call St ag nil Hobday*. 

Maddox sl London Wl. OI <29 
9712 ABTA ATOL 1178 
RNIB HA BI Seal sate to USA-Carihbran- 
Fhr East-Austrafto. call toe 
pfo fn al ranh ABT A IATA cc encased. 
Tel Ol 264 S788 

WRITER SUN RpscNM Prices to Cypres. 
Maha. Morocco. Greece. Malaga * Te- 
nerife. Oct & Nov. Pan World Holidays 
Ol 734 2662. 

AUCANTE. Faro. Malaga rtr. Dbnpnd 
Travel atol 1785. ot-5«i 4641. 
Hbrsnam 6854Z 

ROT Pare*. Best Fhghts. Best Mttdhys 
anywhere. Sky TraveL Oi 854 7426. 
ABTA . ... 

CAMARWS Spain Portugal naly. Greece. 
Madrid ft- £67. Tel: 01-434 4526 ATOL. 
Air Bargains 

EUROPE/ WORLD MK lowest fares on 
cnarter/scheduied nte. Pii« Pbghl Ol 
631 0167. Agt AUd 1893. 

HONG RONS 5488. RAHCKOK £369. 
Singapore £457. Other FE Otle*. 01-684 
6614 ABTA. 

HORS K0NC £488, BAN8K0K £569. 
flkngaoore £457. Other FEcttlas. 01-684 
6514 ABTA. 

LOWEST Air Fares. Europe and wortd 
wide. 01 836 8622. Bucktofldara 


SPAM Portugal Ce nari g Greece Ratal rr 
£ 69 . Sun w bed. 01-454 4697 / 8 . 

ATOL. 1776 

SVD/MEL £655 Perth £566. AH malor 
earners to Aim/hOL 01-584. 7371 

SYMKV/RBORaURNE. For CartetateS 

Fly n IS December £796 rtn. Tmd 
Masters. 021 444 SSll 
TURBUL For your holiday where Os SUB 
Stonma-. CPU tor our brochure now. Tu- 
nisian Travel Bureau. 01-573 4411. 

MX ns CITIES. Lowest fares on malor 
scheduled camera. 01-884 7371 .ABTA 

1 BED bungalow, sleeps 4. nicety fur- 
nished. Spoctal rate tor 4 weeks or 
more. Tec (Eve* after 6oau. Brighton 


The ftnesi houses for rentaL 73 8t 
James SL SWl. Oi 49i 0802. 


BO WEST . MCWl Sprclat often on 
croups- RITO FOR A DEALl Ateo other 
amazingly low prices stalling to £59. 
ash for a ropy of oor b u mper brochure. 
(Oil 785 9999. Abu 69266 Atol 1585. 

Chrismai A New Year won Fatuity or 
Friends to stalled chalets. O a ren w a 
mow. Ol 225 0601 

PpWDCH COURSES asauatso for tel lev- 
ete of acuity with Swiss Mountain 
Grade. Tel 01 223 0601 

-FREE. FREE. FREE, free Lift Passes. 
Frre tasur«ce. Free chmuws honaays 
amdrr 16) on many dates Motets* ante 
from Gaiwtck * Manchow town s 1 1 9. 
Ski Freedom. OI 741 4686 * 061 236 
0019. AT0LS32. 

SwureriaM MOST eariung reso rti ca- 
tered chalets inct. (Ugfta & FREE 
noways (hr ftUtog a rtiaKL Lote of fun 
for singles- enuptes * iromte Ring 
SklWKS Ol 370 0999 Alai 1820 

I EEHtTMAl in Gaurchevel. Have • run 
packed traditional Atpuw omraw 
with ALL ■taevuianuigsi For only £299 
A free nohdays lor groups. Ring SXJ 
Bonne Nape. Ol 344 7353 

MRHAinPm hra seif ratering apart- 
mrnts. up 4 or 8. suprth tonUnL3ran 

CftetrHR. booking now. 0734 739246 

OREAT Suing holidays 6 December * 
CJirteorvas avaitabtuiy. Ring John mot 
pan now 107301 68621 (Mhru. 

SfU SCOTT MBBL Outeiawyp o ut* 
hdUdays In Cftamiiety. Tel: 10489) 

• 877539 I24hrei. 

SftHW H R. il Top Ski Resorts. Lowest 
Prms from £50 ABTA. Brocmm-: 01 
6CJ2 4826. 


CMKUCA. 8W8 Saony ten floor fW wim 
mvety v-tews. Newly In lralo r d eslrawn 
DiroughooL Retro /tuner. Dbta Bed. KIL 
Both. BMcopy. Porter. £2SOpw toe 
CH/CMW. Cooies B2B 8261 

it I Oil I E titor. SW4. Private Regency 
rresceoL Ltraunora. newty aagranteo 
sraboaene 2 dM u e d i nrans . receoooo. 
-dtatnp room. K&& OCM . nauow Tree 
parking. £186 pw. Refs, company let. 
Tefc 7238081. 

nai/bouse: «n to £800pw. Usual tern 
tea. PbmMs Kay A Lewis- Sooth of me 
park. Chelsea ranee. oi-352 81 1 1 or 
North of the TOk. Regent's foul: olliee. 
01-686 9682. 

CHT18EA SWX Lovely 3 bed. 2 ncro 
period house with conservatory, and 
roof terrace on three levels. To Hi ure 
rtmehod wwt caracN. cmNns and aa 
maodnsA. £*60 pw. Buchanans: 561 

bedroo m . 2 bathroom. 2 reception room 
hateorerd ftat. AM ma mm as £186 pw. 
969 6012 m. 

/- i ■, i : LL • : — l! 

■WORN TOII RD SW3 very fo bdCjSS mate 
on 3 tloars. Latge stttug rm. 5 dbte a t 
stotfe beds. 2 bothnsK. Mod ML irtlfor 
roam. Avail now. Long or short tet- 
£0QQ/£600pw. Masbrtte tM 581 3216 
Cl RMIA M C O MMON. SpoCtouSd bed. 2 
both house in pretty street off Common. 
Smartly decorated with afl mod com . 
Sub 6 sharers at £*6 pw each i£22S 
pw) Buchanans.- 351 7767. 

FULHAM. Attractive 3 bed? hath modern 
town house wfo> large S.W. facing bat- 
cony, waited garden and garage- All 
mod cons. Avw now for tang let. £260 
pw. Buc hanan s: 361 7767. 

BARLEY IT- Wl loft) Bright hra. SM- 
ctooa 1 bed. flu. P/b note SWl couple. 
Fifty fitted. Must be seen. £180 pw. Tel: 
Ol 724 8666. 

KAZUTT REM, Wl 4. s M Oronwte. 9 
gains, reception, utawn. taro* moose. 
Rwiiauy lurmsheo. as rapuncm <m- 
eluding mtcrowavrt. £529 pw. Long 

Lease. Tel: «Uayt Ol 4086000X6961, or 
tries] 01-603 9827 

CMUCA-FUnusncd PwrartM. 1 bed- 
room. rated kitchen. sh Q W t mi o Bi . 
Reception room. Own en tra nc e , c/h . 
£150 pw. oi 989 2206 anytime 

W W RAFF (Management acrvtren Ud re- 
arm* proptcx te B tn Central. South and 
weal London Areas lor waning appH- 
cants tel Ol 221 8838. 

SWtSB COTTARS NW3. 4 oedroomed AM 
fumshM » finished to lugh SUndard. 
garden potto* oft si oorigno £475 PW. 
Aim 4 o ed to omed flu » same house 
unfunushed. £426 PW. 01 286 0129 - 

BCMR & BUTCNOFF for luxury Properties 
to SI Johns Wood. Re 
rnis Park. Maida Vale. Swiss Con & 
Hamper red 01-586 7561 
CM! SEA nailed Craitnd Boor. 12n Cel)- 
mgs. ongurat character. 1 Bed. Mod 
KAB. 20ft ROC. Beptte lusiteure. 
£12Sow. 493 2091. Eve# 870 4705. 
FULHAM. OrtUte ii na. superb 4 Mm 2 
bom au nod ram. Cob. S working tor- 
places. Fbtty ium A nrwty dec. Avan 
new for 1 yr. £300 pw iri 361 4518. 
RPMMEMiMmi W6. Brand new are Or 
Qai mar Mock, sunrth river views. 2 
beds, a taua. nos. m. C H. ems pw. 
Tei... SWUvan Thomas 751 1555. 

RAMP ITTAB HWX. L>r rood irafuni tori. 

2 beds. 2 tuua. hte recap. luUy m M. 
£165 p.w exc. Co LeL OUHans. «82 

HOLLAND PARK, sunny flal. o /looking 
gardens. Large rereo. sid e a n d d b le bads, 
good K&B. Ol. Nrwty dec. dree tube. 
£17 0 pw. 01-229 7788 
INTER ESTHM changing setertlon of flv- 
nnnrd tiais A houses, irom Eisopw- 
£3.000 in Kemmgion A rarroundtog 
areas Benham A Reevra. 01-936 3522. 
KMMMT6BRKME. Ugm bright ganten 
nai 2 brdi mu. Iroe recep- K&B. newty 
dec . Ot A CMW tor. £196 PW. 01-681 
0985 or 10935881 6*1 Aval) now 
HinniriTBRiniir Luxury Hi llr iw 
ataOabie dMr A ante brdnn. tor recep- 
non. II knrhen. Mhos * ctkrm. Co Lei 
£300 pw SRP 01-381 3356 
MILLBANH COUNT, 6WI . Ideal ptedto- 
tprre win, Thames Views. Recep. ft. 
Dbto Bed. Bain. «30pw Inc CH/OtW. 
Cootes S28 8251. 

MWL Georgian how. ganten. CH. Su« 
court*, l month from rtutoct. Cioopw 
* services. TetOI 379-7900 CM 209 or 
01 4866261. 

uon of flats * hows In Ibe Oty. 
KMBMsbridge. Kensuignm. wwmeaon 
•nd other areas, ot 657 0821. 

8X7 8981 The mu*er to wmam b ir 
when seeking best rental properties in 
central and prime London areas 

1URNHAM OREXN. W4. Very pretty flal 
not been redecorated. 1 bed. lounge, 
bath, fl kit dose Tube. Available now. 
CHS pw. 244 7583 m 
company HAM large mu t to n of Bate 
& houses available for t week* from 
jSUOpw. 499 1666. 

WC1 Nr Brush Museum. Beautiful brand 
new 2 bed moHoneUe In Piazza develop, 
meol. Hwh ouabiy fumtshtnps. Porter. 
£300 P.w.Ol 885 1676. 

WEST KOMBNTON Superbly decorated 
and equipped 1st Door. 2 recep.,2 
brthroomed nat. £286 pw. Tetoi 937 

WIMtl BOH 3Wl94ttedluny turn, daw 
one town hae to nresogtous reside nti al 
area, close lb SIMM A undetgnL Oo tet 
onto- £300 PW. 493 8716 , 

BATTERSEA Near river. 2 double 1 stntfe 1 
bedrooms, luxury cottage. 7 month tet. 
£676 bcmJtori rates A ctrantogL lei: Ol 
228 5486. 

oty. Lux ftirntebed suartous 3 bed oar- 
den house. £170 pw. Tei 542 7962 
C HELSEA, taunacutaie ouM IN floor pe- 
riod ftaL Attractive recep. dM bed A 
gone. CO LeL £166 pw. 01-352 6799. 
CHELSEA: Light, luxury Balcony OOL Ige 
recep. dbi bedroom. CH/CHW. Itn and 
porter. Lone let. £186. ot-6224828. 
OOUL8BOR WOODS. 26 mins CRy . LUX 4 
bed. 2 bath. 2 tecs, del use. gdn. gge. 
views. (0275) 728349 / 01-668-8562 . 
DOCKLANDS Rate and bouses to lef 
throughout tbe Docklands area. TefcOl- 
790 9560 

LUXURY SLH VS Cn* FLATS, central Lon- 
don from £325 pw PIUS VAT. Ring 
Town House Apartments 373 5433 
PUTNEY East tube 7 muratm. Modern 
bright 2 double bed (ML paraee. £120 
pw Tet 0980 70031 

6- KKN, Exduslvr beoutHUl newly dsc A 
fmn 3 bed Hal. Mato. Of. col r v. wa sh 
roach tic Srtl Dwcahw. 373 0783. 

ST JOHNS wooa Pretty studio flat fifty 
eoutoned. eterirlc ch. Ml 1 Demon. £96 
pw. iw 722 6476 after bora, 

WEST nat A Srtectton of chortotog 1 * 3 
Bed apan/matt. £120-£1BSPW toe. GI- 
STS 1896 m. 

W — ELH0N 2 double bedroomed fully 
fum Dal with CH. CO tei- £128 PW. 947 

WIMBLEDON AREA- Good s e J cctton 
nousev/ftatv No fee to tenants. Tele- 
phone Williams A Son Ol 957 313a 
PNPt IKA. OiarBUng i bedroom garden 
Oat. £120pw WIBlrtn WUteO 730 3436- 
LUXURY runusned hovers. (Hampnaaiu 
£350 pw ex, WLC. Ol 459 7746. 

JCDMMCTON MS ime rest l n g 1st Floor 
Lux Mads ldbt bed ige rec Ul/dtoer 1 
mm Ugh sl £175ow loft 938 2396 
unra HOUSE Lanbourn. Berks. 4 bed- 
rooms, fluty modmusad. garden. SOtti. 1 
year LeL £425 pm TOtOffiB) 73666 

ITALIAN VHJLAOC Funum road. Charm- 
tog newty decorated maisonette. 2 beds 
living room, dtotaig room, kitchen, por- 
ter. communal gardens. £300 per week 
Tel 01 381 5S23 

Mime MU. SATE Wll. FWnteMd 2 
bed. garden ftaL6/i2 months. Cisorw. 
Co tet preferred. M odernised. TrtrOI 
262 0996teve) Ol 240 9flBhtday). 
TOWER BRIO ITT i Lrge new font 2 bed 
ware nouae craw, comp a ny let- £200 
per week. Telephone Mr Junrta on Oi- 
836 1200 Ext 4082 O t 01-794 5636 

Ool T.V. 24 nr Sw. Telex. GoUingnam 
Apartments. 01-373 6306- 

A WEST OR> Flat and Houte* LM to FUr 
Sare/Uri- mis WooMe. Ol 402 7381. 



Weare p k M id to arewraire toeapeh- 
tog of HertfOtds where we can ofSR a 
selection ol luxury Studio. 1 A 2 Bed 
A pa rtments S errired 6 dm pw. 24 
now poruragr. 

Wp inter you 10 come 
Along A view 


Ol 493 0687 

V you have Quanto property 



Expert prof es sio n al u aretre 



270 Cana Court Hum. 


01-244 7353 

PI AIMS have a urge MM 
properties for lene/thort 
. Fm CaOP pw . TeL 01-493 

EAST RKON OunMnofir nsWHiM actl- 
od canape, edge of vftage. undon 1 
hour, steeta 4. an amcuiMa. fuh od CH. 
Tei. 073 087393. 

MADIA VALE 2 double bedroom flat to tel 
for 13 persons. FUUy furntsnrd. Grtv 
Near Lube 6 months muunuun IM £560 
non excl. Trt 01A33 4ioa 

MAYFARt Wli Chartitmg 3 bed. ham Art. 
toe recro. km. roof Kir era. 
Snon /MOO CO tet- £226 pw. TM- Ol- 
349 2914 

read tot dip tom al m. vwcuo.n Lone A 
shun lets to all areas. Unfriend a Co 
48. Amemartv N wi. Ol4W 5354 

WIMBLEDON SMlh SOacwus new fum 
home. 4 bed. 2 UUi II nt. recep. Ml. 
davng rm. ulUfte. pr Shori/tong co. 
tel. £245 pw. TM 01 549 2914 

AVAO AW E HOW Luvwv flats A houwo 
£200 • £1.000 per week. Tel: Burpera 

SHI 6136. 

HAMPIOH WKSM Lux. him. and fifty, 
rorapped Mkaaotn I bed Flat River ar- 
teas, near nation £110 per week let 
Ol 60o 1 189 any / n37 7585 evenings. 

Mums attre nm wvrty 2 bra gar 
den ibl new dec GCH 20 nuns ro 
MOOrgale. £120 pw. TM Ot 367 M20 

Ss KDMRMTON Luxury 2 dM bed 2 Ige 
rec. bain WAA w/r. sep cd> £240 P» 
Tei Ot 881 5104 (10-71. 


Monopolies and Metecre Oamrotadan 
On 26 September I486 me Sermarv id 
Stole far Trade and tndusrrv refenre ip 
i he Monoaohrs and M er ge rs Ooranmaion 
for mvtsngauoa ana report cerutn 
Questions rawing to the eBlomtv and 
costs at. ana ine service provided by. the 
Brmsn Rahway* Boom hi euppivuM rail 
paasenger services m Us Network South 
Cal sector, with particular reference to 
ttieadtusilngof vTvifrMoinaicti demaod. 
tor relalloiuftlp of ram u> coat structures, 
manpower productivity, and action taken 
by BRB to imoienwni the 1980 recammen- 
itollotts of the CammhMon In Bar 
previous Report. 

A ropy of tor lift teems of reference Is 
obtainable from, and anyone warning to 
submit evidence may write uk 
T he Secretary 

Monopolies and Morgan Coromiaiion 
New Court 
48 Carey street 
London WC2A 2JT 

Mobility Trial 

The Charity CMundsaMders propose to 
make aa Order appointing land removug) 
Oimcm at Dus Charity- Copies of the oraft 
Other may he obtained Itotn mem iref: 
2b48B2 Al-L8) at St Alban'S House. 57- 
60 KaynarkeL London Swiy 4QX. 
OWecnoni and euggasuona may be sent to 
them wtttun one montn mm today. . - 


fin voluntary LMuUaoan) 
Ovdhors of the above- nam ed Oa m pa ro r 
are reoutrsd on or before Friday 2W 
November 1986 to send thrir lusnesand 
addresses and partKutors of thrir titete or 
claims to toe undcrawed DavM Julian 
Buebter ot Arihia- Anderson & Co. P O 
Box No. 56. 1 Surrey street- Lo n d rav 
WC2R 2NT. me LWUdlalor of the said 
Company and if ao rraunw by noace la 
writing from the saw UomdMar are to 
com* to aod prove toetr md otots or 
claims at such time or place as shall be 
specified in such noUre or tn default merr- 
« tocy win be exetuded from me benefit 
m any dietribuiMn made before such debs 
are proven. 

Dated iMs tom day of October 1986 

By Order of me High Court dated toe 
asm day of July 1986. Mr Roger Snum of 
Peat Marwick MiKhril A Co of i Puddle 
Deck. Btacklrises. London EC*v 3PO- nas 
been apdoto te d Ltoiuoafor of the above 
named Company without a Commute* of 

Dated mte agnd day of October 1986 


NoUre «s hereby onen. purmanl to 
•ert urn Bea of Bw C o m p ame e Act 1986. 
Ituri a meeuno of the Creditors of tor 
above. named Qooirany Wiu be hrid M 40 
Howoni Vlad ltd. London EClP iaj. on 
Ptondny. me lOtoday of November 1986 
at 3.00 pm lor (he puroases menuoned u 
sections 888. 889 and 690 of the said Act. 
Dated Una 30m day of October I486 
By aider of the board 
For ahd on behalf of 
Charter CnnsoHdated Services unwed 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and . 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m ana 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advertisers 
01 4S! 4000 

Birth, Marriage and Death Notices 01 481 3024 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1-30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Public Appointments 

U.K. Holidays 



Business to Business 

01 481 4481 
01 481 1066 
01 481 1986 
01 481 1989 
01 488 3698 
01 .481 4422 
0! 481 1920 
01 481 1982 
Ot 481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages, Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 
Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court & Social Advertising, 

Times Newspapers Ltd.. 

I. Pennington Street, 

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Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries 
for the Court & Social page may be made after 10.30 a.m. on 

01 822 9953. 

You may use your Access, Amcx. Diners or Visa card. 

‘in truce 
deal with 

From Diana Geddes 

The French Government is 
reported to have obtained the 
help of Syria and Algeria in 
imposing a truce on terrorist 
bombers in exchange for an 
implicit undertaking that 
Georges Abdallah, their pre- 
sumed leader, will not be 
treated harshly when he is 
tried in France next February. 

These dramatic "reve- 
lations" are made in an 
nn sourced article is yest- 
erday's Le Monde by a 
journalist known to have ex- 
cellent contacts in the French 
secret service, which is said to 
have been involved. 

At die very moment the 
deal was allegedly being nego- 
tiated, M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister, was repeating 
the Government's determina- 
tion never to negotiate with 

Abdallah, serving four years 
for possessing forged papers 
and illegal arms, will fere 
charges of complicity in the 
19S2 Paris murder of Mr 
Charles Ray. the American 
military attache, and Mr 
Yacov Barsimantov, an Israeli 
diplomat. His release is one of 
the principal demands of the 

According to Le Monde, the 
Syrian secret service has 
agreed "to carry out physical 
reprisals" against the Abdal- 
lah dan if there are more 
attacks on France before the 

The probable quid pro quo 
for the Syrians, the paper 
suggests, was cash plus the 
arms deal reported by various 
French and British papers. 

However, M Jean- Bernard 
Raimond, the French Foreign 
Minister, yesterday reiterated 
denials of any such deaL 

Furthermore, the delivery 
of arms due to be sent to the 
Syrians under 1982 and 1984 
contracts had been Mocked 
and all recent requests for 
more arms had been refused, 
he insisted. 

• LONDON: Britain and 
Syria were finalizing details 
yesterday to establish interest 
sections in each other's cap- 
itals when their embassies are 
closed at the end of the week 
(Nicholas Beeston writes). 

Britain is set to be repre- 
sented in Damascus by the 
Australian mission and Syria 
will be represented in London 
by the Lebanese Embassy on 
Kensington Palace Gardens, 
according to British and Syr- 
ian officials. 

Bonn seeks answer, page 9 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen visits RAF Lock- 
ing at WesiQo-Su per- Mare. 10. 

The Prince of Wales, the 
Duke of Cornwall, opens the 
new students' residence at the 
Duchy Agricultural College. 
Stoke Climsland, Cornwall, 

The Princess ofWales, Patron 
of Help the Aged attends the 
Starlight Cabaret at the Hilton 
hotel. 8. 

Modem Jarrow march steps into history 

AM, :**?;!>■.- * ' 

The present-day Jarrow marchers 
recreating the past yesterday in 
Buckinghamshire (above), as they 
rounded the corner in Lavendon, near 
Olney, where an historic photograph 
was taken of their predecessors on their 
1936 march to London to protest over 
unemployment (right). 

Mr John Badger, one of the 50th 
anniversary marchers, unveiled a brass 
plaque, which is a representation of the 
1936 picture, at the spot. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the Labour leader, 
will join the marchers for an hour today. 
The 291-mile trek along the route used 
by the original marchers ends in 
London on Sunday. 

The marchers have been collecting 
thousands of signatures for a petition' 
urging help for unemployment black 
spots. It will be handed in the House of 
Commons next Wednesday. 

(Photograph: Bill Warhnrst) 

■ ' > '* • *' f ' — • 

m* o. . v ^"*r. -vr-; ... 

. lx«i' i. :JK. v ... ••*:£*•$. %***>■* f. 

t" i?.. •• fa igi.< ; 7? 

■; 'lL : \ i ..—i-.; . S i • 

- > r -< 

Hurd orders Bamber inquiry 

Continued from page 1 
inherit more than £436,000 
from his parents. 

For more than a month 
after massacring his family 
with a .22 rifle Bamber fooled 
police into believing that his 
mentally ill sister, the former 
London model “Bambi”, had 
carried out the murders before 
committing suicide. 

Mr Justice Drake, the trial 
judge, criticized police for 
their “perfunctory 

examination" of the carnage 
at the farmhouse. 

After the 19-day trial at 
Chelmsford Crown Court, at 

Princess Anne attends a 
reception in aid of TS Royalist 
given by the Sea Cadets at 
Trinity House, London, 6.15; 
and afterwards, attends the 
Association of Livery Masters 
1985 ladies' night dinner at the 
Chiswell Street Brewery, 
London, 7.45. 

Princess Margaret attends a 
performance of Calamity Jane 
at the Assembly Hall, Royal 
Tunbridge Wells, in aid of the 
Kent and Sussex and Pembury 
Hospitals Cancer Scanner 
Equipment Fund. 7.40. 

which the jury found the 
farmer's son guilty by a 10-2 
majority on five counts of 
murder, Mr Ronald Stone, 
retiring deputy chief con- 
stable, conceded that Bamber 
had duped detectives. 

Yesterday Mr Bunyard said: 
“I welcome the request from 
the Home Secretary for a 
report into the investigation. 

“It will give me the opportu- 
nity to correct any false im- 
pressions he may have formed 

“Although at an early stage 
in the inquiry the investigat- 
ing officers appeared to have 

been misdirected by a plau- 
sible villain, the position was 
recovered through the skill 
and dedication of a large 
number of members of the 
Essex police who produced 
enough evidence to secure a 

A catalogue of errors, omis- 
sions and ineptitude by detec- 
tives. which included their 
failure to find the blood- 
stained silencer belonging to 
the murder weapon —crucial 
in proving Mrs CaffdTs inno- 
cence-meant that Bamber 
remained free for several 

New security rules 
for Cyprus base 

Continued from page 1 
examine the state of security 
at other static communica- 
tions sites. 

Also the positive vetting 
clearances of all personnel 
who had been with 9 Signal 
Regiment in the last two years 
were being “critically 

Despite the acquittals of the 
seven servicemen the Security 
Commission acknowledged 
that in future it was important 
to be aware of the possibility 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,190 


1 Allowed injunction to Ed- 
ward the Confessor? f8). 

S Is Circle to prohibit Met 
line? (6). 

10 But it need not be sung ppp! 

11 Sally in springtime displays 
such splendour (7). 

12 Having strong desire to tear 
a T-shirt (7). 

13 This bird has to come down 
to scoff (8). 

15 Drove to Ohio for 
Copland's music {5). 

18 Tailless golden or reddish- 
brown ape (5). 

20 Little old woman swimmer? 

23 Tumbler often seen on bars 

25 Gal lev-vessel under pressure 

26 1. non-caring idiot- ruined 
indoor plant (3-12). 

27 Press Council hearing (6). 

28 Bank concession about to 
expire (8). 


1 Spasmodic trouble for the 
airways (6). 

2 In Spain. Mary embraces 
John in grass (9>. 

3 Upside-down pudding given 
capital dressing H). 

4 Lamentable outcome of Is- 
raef-Egypt meeting (5). 

6 Suffocate in plane losing 
oxygen (7). 

7 Britain's first king so dim 

S Allergic response lo Conser- 
vatism (8). 

9 Oil giant going bust brings 
opposite of relief (8). 

14 Bent for fitness (8). 

16 Rilke made a version that 
was fantastic (5-4). 

17 A dismal expression - like 
Alice's after the cake (4.4). 

19 After midnight the love of 
France, this magic (7). 

21 Mountaineer’s first pur- 
chase? (3-4). 

22 Rosy Smart intense and full 
of promise (6). 

24 Old border tramp (5). 

25 Play this with effortless art- 
istry. perhaps (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,189 

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is_n_nus_m: fjs.! 

Coarise Crossword page 16 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends the Nabisco Wightman 
Cup Tennis Championships at 
the Albert Hall 7.10 

Exhibitions in progress 

Masterpieces of twentieth 
century photography; 
Comerixmse, 70 Oxford St, 
Manchester Tues to Sat 12 to 8 
(ends Nov 23). 

The Ice Age in East Anglia; 
Natural History Museum. High 
St, Colchester. Mon to Fri 10 to 
!. 2 lo 5. Sat 10 to 1. 2 to4(ends 
Nov 9). 

How we used to live J 902-26; 
Wakefield Art Gallery, Went- 
worth Terrace; Mon to Sal 10-30 
to 12.30 and 1.30 to 5, Sun 2-30 
to 5 (ends Nov 22) , 

Work by Sir Richard 
ColtHoare of Stourhead; 
Derizes Museum, 41 Long Si; ! 
Tues to Sat 1J to 1,2 to 4 (ends , 
Nov 29). I 

William Scott; Scottish Na- , 
tional Gallery of Modern Art, 
Be) ford Rd, Edra argh; Mon to . 
Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Nov ! 
> 23). , 

Last chance to see 
Contemporary ceramics from 
La Borne: Peterborough Mu- 
seum and An Gallery. 
Pries igaie. Peterborough; Tue to 
Sat 12 to S. 


Concert by Andrea 
< Sokol(piano), Gwion 
Thomas.(bariione), Simon 
Smiih( piano); The Royal Ex- 
change. Manchester 12. 

Concert of unfamiliar music. 
Gagliano Trio: Trinity Arts 
Centre, Church Road. Ton- 
bridge Wells: S. 

Memorial concert by com- 
bined Oxford choirs: 
Sheldonian Theatre. Oxford; 
8 . 00 . 

Recital by Caroline Dale 
(cello), and Piers Lane (piano); 
St George’s, Brandon Hill, Bris- 
tol: 1. . 

Recital by Jose Feghah (pi- 
ano); Newcastle City Hall; 7.45. 

Recital by Olli Mustonen 
1 (piano): Solihull Library The- 
atre; 1-00. 

Concert by Exeter University 
Symphony Orchestra; Great 
HalL Exeter. 1. 10. 

Halle Orchestra: conducted 
by Bryden Thomson. Steven 
IsserlisC (cello); St David's Hall. 
Cardiff; 7.30. 

Redial by the Delme String 
quartet with Jack Brymer (clari- 
net); St Edmund's School: 
Canterbury; 8.00. ‘ 

Lecture-redial by Lewis Riley 
and his jazz quartet; Newton 
Abboi Community Hall. 
Kjngsleignton Road. Newton 
Abbot: 8. 

Talks, lectures 
Lasers in medicine, commu- 
I nicafions and science by An- 
thony McCaffery. Centre for 
I Continuing Education. Educa- 
, lion Development Building. 

I Sussex University. Palmer. 
Brighton: 6.30. 

How safe is the banking 
system? by Professor Richard S 
i Dale. Heriot-Wati University; 
Mountbaitcn Building, 
i Grassmarket, Edinburgh: 5.45. 

Books — paperback 

The Literary Editor's setoetton of interesting books pubtebed this week 

AicMmede* and fl» SeaguM. by David Ireland (Fenguki, £335) 

12 Edmonstone Street, by David Matouf (Penguin, £255) 

12 Edmonstone Street, by David Matouf (Penguin, £235) 

Last Letters from Has, by Jan Morris (Penguin, ESL95) 

Love Always, by Ann Beattie (Penguin, £2J5) 

The Accidental Tourist, by Anne Tyter (Penguin, £235) 


Edward VIO, by Frances Donaldson (Wektanfeld & Mcolson, £6.35) 
Footsteps, Adventures of a Romantic Biographer, by Richard Holmes 
(Penguin, E3.95) " 

MuddRng Through tn Madagascar, by DerWa Murphy (Century Hut c hi n son. 

The Complete Urttte Ones, by Gavin Ewart (Century Hutchinson, £635) 
The Hard Cuckoo, More Classic Letters to The Times, chosen and edited 
by Kenneth Gregory (Hogarth Press, £3.95) 


The pound 

Austria Seta 
France Fr 
Gruinauf Dm 
Greece fir 
Hong Kong S 
Japan Yen 
Netherlands Gld 
Norway Hr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spein PIS 
Sweden Kr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rtdes for snau denomination bank notes 
only as suppbad oy Barclays Bank PLG. 
Different rales apply to travellers' 

Different rates apt 
cheques end other 

to travellers' 
sign currency 

Rett Price Mac 387.8 

London: Th« FT (role* dosed 1LG up at 


Births: John Adams, 2nd 
president of the USA 1797- 
1801, Braintree, Massachusetts. 
1735: Andre de Chfenier, poet, 
Constantinople (Istanbul). 
1762: Alfred Sisley, painter, 
Paris. 1839; Pan! Valery, poeL 
Sete. France. 1871; Ezra Pound, 
Hailey. Idaho. 1885. 

Deaths: Edmund Cartwright, 
inventor of the power loom. 
Hastings. 1 823: Jean-Heori Da- 
lian t. founder of the Red Cross, 
Meiden. Switzerland, ' 1910. 
Charles Maturin. clergyman 
and writer of Gothic stories. 
Dublin. 1824*. Bonar Law, prime 
minister 1922-23. London. 
1923; Pio Baroja, novelist- Ma- 
drid. 1956. 

Job splitting scheme 

The Department of Employ- 
men! has announced details of a 
job splitting scheme which 
could benefit employers, assist 
those people who wish to work 
only part-time and provide 
>0ung people leaving the Youth 
Training Scheme wilh a job. 

A leaflet explaining the 
scheme is available to employ- 
ers from any Department of 
Employment Jobcentre. Dr 
Employment Measures UniL or 
by telephoning 01 213 7462. 


Wales and West: M4: East- 
bound carriageway closed be- 
tween junctions 16 and 17 
contraflow westbound. MS: 
Lane closures between junctions 
II and 12 

northbound entry slip road at , 
junction 14 (Tbcnubury) dosed. 
A449: Various contraflow sys- 
tems between Usk and Coldraat 
M24 junction 24 (Raglan). 

The North: M6: Major road- 
works with lane closures be- , 
tween junction 17 and 18 ! 
resurfacing work between June- ! 
lions 32 and 33 
(Preston/Lancaster South), j 
contraflow in operation. A41: 
Resurfacing work at New Cites- I 
ter Road. Eastbam 
(Merseyside), single line traffic, j 
junction at Stanney Lane closed. < 

Scotland: M8: Lane closures I 
at Hillingdon interchange 
(Strathclyde). A80: Southbound | 
lane closures between central 
regional boundary and j 
Castlecarry (A73 junction) in 
Dunbartonshire. A9: j 
Contraflow on southbound 
carriageway from N of . 
Aberuihven to Dalreocb- 

infornuttioa supplied by AA 

Onr address 

parts of the S on Friday. Becoming 
rather cold with night firsts. 

Son rises: Sunsets: 
6 l 50 am 4 v 38 pm 

256 am 3A0pn 

Naw moon: Novembers 

Lighting-up time 

Usidea 5J» pm to 6J22 am 
Bristol 5 .18 pm to aai am 
GiMwgb 508 pm to 6.47 am 

“ W/ — 

. PMttaAo - hi* Is pbr 
Monday Satunlay recoru your dally 
Poruolio total. 

Ada Ukm toget he r la determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

it your total matches the published 
weekly dividend ftqur* you have won 
outrtqhi or a snare of the prtw money 
slated tor that week, and must oatm 
your nrize gji absttw below. 

Telephone tub T&s'portMo m aims 
me tnse -53273 tniMssn ism » sad 

UO rot. on dm d» ww overall Jotn 
Spatctoo* The non nnMM txvWMtd. 
NooWas caa im aecepcM ootaiae Umm | 

Vou must have your tsM uittD yoa , 
when you teteptionc. 

It vou .are unable to telephone 
clsr esn Claim on your behalf 
bui i hey must have your card arid call 
The Tim's Pomona claims une 
between the supuiaied limes. 

. No rfsoonsiwllty can be, accepted 
for failure lo contact the claims office 
for any reason within the staled 


.The above instructions are ap- 
plicable to both daily and weekly 
cm Wend claims. 

5J3B pm to 6.47 am 
Htawheswr 5.1 1pm to 886 am 
Punr Burs 533 pm to 640 am 


Temoeratwes at midday yesWdayTc.' 
cloud: f. tain r. rein: ft sun. 

OF - G F 

Belfast r 846 O aomss y f 1355 
gi muht w f 41 52 t ue ww sas f 7 45 
D lnctooc H f 1060 Jmsef 1 WH 
Bristol r 1060 London 9 1355 
CanSff f 11 52 ST UA sWr 1 10 SO 
EcSnoorgh s 846 Newcastle f 1050 
gaagow r 745 IFHldBisar MOSO 

Parliament today 

Commons CL30): Financial Ser- 
vices Bill Lords amendments, 
first day. 

Lords (3): Edocatkm Bill and 
Salmon Bill. Commons 

. Pruned ay London Post tPiDu- 
(tsl Limited Of -I VlWinia SifWL 
i London El 9XN by News 

I Scotland Ltd.. 124 Portman r-“* 
Klnmna Park. Clunw Oil 
Thursday. October 30. 1W6. nev- 
tstered as a newspaper at the Post 
i Office. 

Frank Johnson In the Conw 118 

Westland and the 
selfless Major 

of a conspiracy involvement 
in security breaches not just 
the threat of an individual 

Six of the servicemen 
acquitted have since fell the 
services, either through being 
discharged or after requests 
for voluntary premature . 
release. ! 

The seventh, Wayne 
Kriefan, had asked to be 
retased but is not due to leave 
the RAF until December 12. 

Mr George Younger, Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, in 
one more debate on West- 
land, yesterday used the most 
ruthless tactic so far in the 
Government's efforts to de- 
fend itself against the charge 
of malpractice in the affair of 
10 months ago. He spoke 
about helicopters. 

Technically, the debate was 
about the Government's re- 
sponse to die observations on 
the affair made by the aB- 
party Select Committee on 
Defence. But the committee 
had issued two lots of 
observations. The first was a " 
report entitled The Defence 
Implications of die Future of 
Westland (House of Com- 
mons Report, No 518), in 
other words, a document 
about a minor aspect of the 
affair (the helicopters). 

Hie second was a report 
entitled The Government’s 
Decision-Making (House of 
Commons Report, No 519), 
in other words, a document 
about what is really meant by 
the term Westland Affair. 
That is to say: Mr Michael 
Hesdtine, Mr Leon Brirtan, 
the Solictor. General's letter, 
Mr Bernard I n gha m , Ms 
Collette Bowe, what Mr 
f ngftam said to Ms Bowe, 
what they all said to the 
Prime Minister, and, above 
all Cut the view of the 
Opposition parties), what the 
Prime Minis ter said to all of 

Mr Younger, opening the 
debate, concentrated re- 
morselessly on the firet re- 
port. He rose, put his head 
down, and for more than half 
an hour read solidly about 
helicopters. “The House is 
indebted to the Rt Hon 
Member for Spefthome (Sir 
Humphrey Atkins, Tory 
chairman of the Select 
Committee) mid his commit- 
tee for a dear and cogent 
exposition of the 'defence 
issues, based on wide and 
deep research," be begin. 

Furthermore, “the Gov- 
ernment agree with much of 
the committee’s analysis. In- 
evitably there are points on 
which we cannot go the whole 
way with the Committee, but 
this does not prevent os from 
recognizing foe report as a 
major contribution . . .* and 

Major Contribution is one 
of the several senior mflxtaxy 
gentlemen called on by poli- 
ticians to carry out important 
tasks in difficult times. He is 
of course not ns senior as 
General Review or the top 
brasshat, most favoured by. 
Labour and Alliance eco- 
nomic spokesmen, and the 

roost extrera Tow Wets. 
Genera) Reflation. But ata 
feast he is a commissioned 
officer and many cuts abo« 
that oik who is always being 
called for by the new class of 
ptebian Tory backbencher 
Corporal Punishment. 

Yesterday, the Major gave 
selfless service when called 
upon by Mr Younger, himself 
a former officer and therefore 
an old comrade. And it gave 
great satisfaction in all parts 
of the House when Major 
Contribution received a de- 
coration from the hands of 
the Secretary of State for 

Reading the citation, Mr 
Younger said that, while 
serving on the Select Com- 
mittee, the Major h3d 
contributed “to thinking on 
the subject”, which was 
“proving valuable ra helping 
us to form our own views”. 
There seemed every prospect 
that the. Major win end up 
being promoted to- General 
Analysis, retiring with a 
greatly-enhanced pension 

‘‘The committee rightly 
point out that the helicopter 
has an established place tn 
both maritime and land-air 
warfare,” Mr Younger con- 
tinued. On and on be went 
about helicopters. Labour 
backbenchers began fidget- 
ing. Tories chuckled to one 
another. Mrs Thatcher, sea- 
ted next to Mr Younger, 
stared down at what at first 
seemed an important piece of 
paper. On closer inspection, 
ft proved to be blank. 

MrBrittan, the mysterious 
lawyer at the centre of the 
affair, emerged to give his 
reaction to the Select Com- 
mittee's strictures about the 
way the decisions were made. 
In fixture, any government 
would and should insist “that 
its decisions should have the 
support of all its members 
and - should not be under- 
mined from within”. 

Later, he was a little more i 
personal when he said that ! 
the Government's policy 
over Westland had been 
“threatened at every turn by 
one of its own members”. 
These were his only ref- 
erences to the Westland Af- 
fair, as history knows it Mr 
Hesdtine, who had made it 
known that he would not be 
speaking, was present, and 
stared at the ceiling. The 
determined tone of Mr Bri- 
ttan’s speech, however, is 
summed up by one of its last 
phrases “I make no apology, 
for making &'tauch of myi 
remarks about helicopter ■ 

:4 r I 

** i 




Trovghs of low pressure 
over northern England 
and Wales will move SE, 
clearing daring the after- 
noon as a depression near 
northern Scotland moves 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE Enspand, East An- 
gSa, Channel Wands: Cloudy with 
rain dying out, sunny or dear 
periods later; wind Sw fresh or 
strong becoming W moderate; max 
temp 12C (54F). 

Central S, E, SW, central N, PC 
England, MUamto, S Wales: Rain 
dying out. sunny periods and scat- 
tereo sh owers dovo lopi ng; wind SW 
Oncoming W fresh or strong; max 
temp 12C (54F). 

N Wales, NW England, Lake 
District, brie of Man, SW, NW 
Scotfand, Glasgow, Central High- 
lands, Argyll, Northern Ireland; 
Sunny intervals, occasional heavy 
showers; wind W to NW strong or 
oale; max temp 10C (50F). 

Borders, Edinburgh, Dundee, 
Aberdeen: Sunny periods, scat- 
tered showers; wnd S becoming W 
to NW strong or gale; max teinp TIC 

Moray Firth, NE Soofland, Ork- 
ney, Shetland: Cloudy, occasional 
rarHieavy at times, dearer later; 
wind variable becoming NW strong 
or gate; max temp 9C(48F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday: Mainly dry apart from rain in 
parts of the Son Friday. Becoming 


i fa nffibm mOMS Wnmt 

~j^QVfe . 

High Tides 

UMrion Bridge 11.25 
Aberdeen 11.15 

Awmwai 4J33 

BeHeat BA 6 

Cwdttf 4.1 B 

Devonpott -3JM 

Dover &32 

FtenooBl 231 

Glasgow 1044 

ItinScb 9.15 

HoMuod 008 

H* 33 S 

■bacombe &3S 


(huiKimann: Mhawm. Sena 

Arrows snow wind direction, wtad fZ, 
speed irnrtfl circled. Temperature 
eentfgrede. tide 

W Ml HT 

ai 11.56 6.5 

aa 11.13 ao 

10.8 A52 11.7 
a 0 851 34 

10.1 437 1U8 
AS 3.16 5.1 

6.1 as3 ao 

4.6 246 AS 
A2 1UZ7 4.6 
07 9.40 4.0 

AS 8.16 5.3 

«L3 4-20 • 6£ 
1A 3^2 

1^27 5.0 

83 9.08 07 

2.3 7.44 2 S 

43 10.02 
6-Q 406 &3 

0.0 3.01 -6A 
$A 346 33 

AA Z22 52 

1£ 4.26 2A 
4B 9.18 *3 
SB 96 56 

4.1 ass 4.1 

8.1 4.04 8£ 

AS 1.37 4A 


Around Britain 


SUnRati Max 
-hra in C F 
X SI 17 63 

- .04 17 63 
« JX 16 61 

0.1 .11 17 63 
~ .01 14 57 
X MB 17 63 

- 07 IS SB 
■ ■ - .12 14 57 

- .13 15 69 

- .13 14 57 

- .11 14 57 

- .15 14 57 

- .17 14 57 

- .14 15 59 

- 2A 1* 57 

- .20 15 59 

- 32. 15 .59 

- .16 15 S3 

- .11 14 57 

- .04 15 59 

- .16 15 Sfl 

- .29 15 U9 

rain GuemM* 

cloudy Tenby 

3i" !S22P*» 


drizzle Chan Airpt 

rain Cansn 
rah AngfH 
Mi- Vpari 

Sun Hain 
hre in 
02 . 12 . 

C P 

'2 ® ram 
14 57 ran 

18 Si rain 

ram cu aeieii 

ram Pineda- 

drode. - <a— p owr 
ram • Tbee 
ram Ben 

03 MS 

02 36 

- 38 
13 30 

03 .29 
0.1 .09 

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07 .14 

- 30 
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23 38 

2-1 16 
03 34 




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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

STOCK market 

FT 30 Share 
1267.2 (+11.1) 

FT-SE 100 
1597.0 (+13.4) 

USM (Datastream) 
125.51 (+0.35) 


US Dollar 
1.4110 (-0.0045) 

W German mark 
2.8615 (-0.0134) 
67.8 (same) 

backs bid 

Grosvenor Group, the elec- 
trical distributor and manu- 
facturer, has recommended 
the £8.9 million offer from 
Hollis, the stationery, fur- 
niture and timber group 
82 per cent owned by Mr 
Robert Maxwell's Pereamon 

The decision came after 
BBA Group, the friction 
materials and conveyor belt 
company, allowed its agreed 
£7.8 million bid to lapse yes- 
terday after gaining control of 
1 8.7 per cent of Grosvenor. 

Hollis stepped into the fray 
last week with a higher offer 
than BBA. BBA is showing a 
paper profit on its bid costs 
and the cost of its stake in 
Grosvenor. It has not yet 
decided whether to assent its 
6.45 per cent a*lm to Hollis. 

Reed up 57% 

Reed International's pretax 
profils for the six months to 
September 28 rose 57 per cent 
to £80.2 million on turnover 
of £923 million. This pushed 
the share price up 40p to 29 Ip. 
The interim dividend was 
- increased by 38 per cent to 
2JJ5p net. -V 

Tempos, page 26 

Tesco leap 

Pretax profits at Tesco 
jumped by 40 per cent to £65,4 
million for the 24 weeks to 
August 9. Turnover rose by 
6.6 per cent to £1.7 billion. 
The interim dividend is raised 

Tempos, page 26 

No referral 

The acquisition by Prosper 
de Mulder of assets ofThomas 
Borthwick & Sons will not be 
referred to the Monopolies 

DDT listing 

DDT Group, an unlisted 
securities market company, 
has applied for a full listing. 
Dealings are expected tobegin 
on Monday. DDT maintains 
computers and telecommuni- 
cations equipment and 
distributes computer periph- 
eral equipment. 

Output falls 

South African gold produc- 
tion fell to 52,424 kilos 
(1,685,463 ounces) in Septem- 
ber after falling to 53,845 kilos 
(1.731.1 58 ounces) in August, 
according to Chamber of 
Mines figures. In September 
last year. South Africa pro- 
duced 55,997 kilos (1,800333 


United deal 

United Newspapers has 
sold Morgan-Grampian Inc, 
one of its US subsidiaries, to 
Random House Inc for S30 
million (£2134 million), pay- 
able in cash on compleuon. 
The proceeds will be used to 
develop business and repay 

Co News 
Wan Street 

Stock Market 25 
Comment 25 

Tempos 36 
Money Mrkts 26 

Foreign Exch 26 
Traded Opts 26 
Share Prices 27 
UnitTrests 28 
Commodities 28 
USM Prices 28 





Dealers angry as 
chaos hits 

vsr ’’ - 

Exchange again 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 
Chaos continued in the systems were at fault or that of information before anyone 

equity markets yesterday with 
several dealers being unable to 
have their prices qooted on 
the Topic screen network. In 
addition, the Stock Exchange 
cut back sharply on the ser- 
vices available on the system 
and there were growing fears 
that the problems of this week 
could take a long time to 

To add to the confusion, 
many brokers have been 
experiencing faults in their 
settlements systems, leading 
to late or inaccurate contract 
notes being sent to clients. 

A number of large market- 
makers, including Barclays de 
Zoete Wedd, Mercury Securi- 
ties and Morgan Grenfell 
Securities, suffered break- 
downs during the day, forcing 
them to abandon quoting 
prices on screens and resort to 

Most companies experienc- 
ing problems were uncertain 
whether it was their in-house 

the Stock Exchange. It was 
dear that users of the in-house 
Colt system, which interfeces 
with SEAQ, were experiencing 
repeated problems. Both BZW 
and Mercury use Colt. 

While most market-makers 
pul on a brave fece, there were 
growing signs behind the 
scenes of a lack of confidence 
in the ability of the market to 
correct the iauhs now afflict- 

ing its systems. 

re dealers now question 
the Stock Exchange's right to 

Comment 25 

control the systems on which 
the market is based and 
suggested it might be better to 
develop alternative systems. 

The Exchange is taking took 
short-term measures to pre- 
vent another failure of the 
Topic screen network. These 
include “reprioritizme'' Topic 
so that when demand is high it 
services those requiring price 

requesting company news. 

This means that many ser- 
vices will take even longer to 
appear on dealers' Topic 
screens. Services furthest 
down the list of priorities 
indude information on finan- 
cial futures, foreign exchange 
and economic forecasting. 
The process of updating Topic 
pages has been speeded up 

The Exchange has also 
taken steps to re-impose a 
£2,000 charge on all users of 
Topic Level 3 screens in the 
hope of reducing the number 
of subscribers. 

M Whai they are doing is 
very much at the margin,” 
complained one dealer. 

The Exchange appears to 
have been arbitrarily dis- 
connecting Topic lines for 
some users and refusing to 
deliver new lines' which Have 
been ordered. 

A spokesman said that there 
was no more room to bring 
new lines into the system. 

Surrounded by discontent: Mr George Hayter, bead of information services at the Exchange 

Isro members vote 

to merge with SE 

By Our Banking Correspondent 

The International Securities 
Regulatory Organization, the 
group of hugely foreign banks 
and securities houses, yes- 
terday voted overwhelmingly 
to merge with the Stock 

The merger now hinges on 
the degree of support it will 
receive from the Exchange 
itself which will vote on the 
issue next month. 

It would mean the creation 
of a unified exchange and 
regulatory body for both Brit- 
ish and international equities. 

This is likely to [move one of 
the most important events of 
the . City revolution, 
strengthening London’s pos- 
ition as one of the .world's 
main capital markets. 

Senior members of the Ex- 
change are strongly in favour 
of the move because they are 
afraid that, without it, the 
growing business in inter- 
national equities would leave 
the Exchange. 

Isro’s members voted by 
164 to 1, with 22 abstentions, 
in favour of. merging with the 
Stock Exchange, but the 
Exchange's members are not 
due to vote until November 

There is still resistance to 
the move by members in spite 
of strong support for the 

merger from Sir Nicholas 
Goomson, chairman of the 

As a result of the merger a 
new setfoegulatqry organiza- 
tion, the Securities Associ- 
ation will be formed to police 
the conduct of market partici- 
pants. The Exchange will be 
renamed the International 
Stock Exchange for Britain 
and the Republic of Ireland. 

Isro said that it was not 
worried by the problems with 
the Exchange's new screen- 
based dealing system as far as 
international equities were 

A spokesman pointed out 
that the international equity 
dealing system had nor yet 
been developed. 

The Securities and Invest- 
ment Board is insisting that 
there should be a recognized 
trading exchange in inter- 
national equities established 
by next June, by which time a 
screen-based dealing system 
will have to be in place. 

Sir Nicholas is expected to 
become chairman of the en-. 
larged exchange, while Mr 
Andrew Large, deputy chair- 
man of Swiss Bank Corpora- 
tion International, is expected 
to- be voted chairman of the 
new SRO. 

Greig Middleton sells 
25% of enlarged capital 

By Alison Eadie 

Greig Middleton, the in- 
dependent stockbroker, -has 
sold 25 per cent of its enlarged 
capital to four institutional 
investors for an undisclosed 

The four are the West 
German bank Landesbank 
zentrole, the Bank of Scotland, 
The Scottish National Trust, 
an investment trust based in 
Glasgow, and Graig Invest- 
ments, part of the Graig 
shipping group. 

Landesbank has taken the 
lion's share with about 10 per 
cent, leaving 5 per cent apiece 
the other three share- 

Greig to develop into new 
areas such as German equities 
and bonds and expanding 
areas such as the placing of 
European stocks. 

The stockbroker has four 
offices, in London, Glasgow, 
Bristol and York, and is 
shortly to open a fifth in 
Guildford, Surrey. 

The money will be ploughed 
into the firm as working 
capital The association with a 
German bank should help 

. It was keen to retain its 
independence after Big Bang 
and is pleased to have Scottish 
slrareh older backing, given its 
strong presence in Scotland. 

.The Bank of Scotland al- 
ready has an 83 per cent stake 
in Bell Lawrie, the Scottish 
stockbroker, and is one of the 
eight members of Cazenove's 
underwriting syndicate. 


The bank is keen to take 
part in a peripheral and pas- 
sive way in Big Bang rather 
than take a mainstream role. 

Loan rates 
‘need to go 
up again 9 

By Rodney Lord 
Economics Editor 

A further sharp rise in 
interest rates mil be necessary 
to prop up Che pound, says 
Phillips & Drew, the broker, in 
its latest moodily forecast. 
The rise would be necessary to 
restore fo»nrioi confidence 
and to keep mflariw under'] 
control in an economy which 
was be ginning to Overheat. 

The iroker forecasts that 
consumer spending will con- 
tinue to grow strongly, 
expanding next year by 3S per 
cent as the savings ratio falls. 
Pay Increases would not mod- 
erate much and the current 
account would rm up a deficit 
of £3 Union, rising to £4 % 
billion in 1988. 

Philfips & Drew expects 
sizeable tax cuts next year, 
combined with public spend- 
ing overruns, leading to an 
increase in borrowing. It says 
a public-sector financial defi- 
cit — struck before deduction 
of privatization receipts — of 
perhaps £14 billion In 1987-88 
is worrying. 

A more optimistic prognosis 
comes from another broker, 
Capel-Cnre Myers, which be- 
lieves the fall in the pound will 
stimulate manufacturing and 
boost economic -growth from 
1.9 per cent this year to 2L5 per 
emit next 

Capel-Cnre Myers believes 
the more employment-inten- 
sive non-North Sea economy 
cooU grow by 3.1 per cent, 
leading to a Fall in 

A small reduction in pay 
increases, cofqded with higher 
productivity growth, would 
help to slow labour costs and 
cmdd keep inflation below 4 
per cent until the final quarter 
of next year. 

Economic View, page 25 

Hanson backtracks over 

pension funds dispute 

By Lawrence Lever 

Hanson Trust was forced 
into a last-minute dimbdown 
at a shareholders' meeting 
yesterday over its plans to 
split the Courage pension 
funds and to take control of an 
estimated £80 million pension 

It agreed to reopen dis- 
cussions on dividing the pen- 
sion funds with Elders IXL, 
the Australian later company, 
which is buying Courage. 

And it accepted it was 
wrong to deny representatives 
from the Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers’ Union a meet- 
ing with the Courage pension 
fund management and trus- 

However, the fete of the 
surplus remains uncertain. 
And Courage pensioners were 
unable to obtain assurances 
from Hanson Trust that they 
will have the same generous 
benefits treatment as they 
enjoyed with Courage. 

Lord Hanson, absent on 
business in America, left it to 
Mr Derek Rosling, vice-chair- 
man, to fece the music at a 

packed shareholders' meeting 
called to approve the sale of 

The London meeting was 
picketed by about 150 Cour- 
age employees, and domi- 
nated by a barrage of 
questions from Courage pen- 
sioners who were also Hanson 
Trust shareholders. The 
TGWU bought Hanson shares 
on Friday to enable its general 
secretary, Mr Ron Todd, to 

The union had called a 48- 
hour strike on Tuesday. 

Yesterday's climbdown 
came after repeated questions 
from Courage pensioners and 
employees. However, it was 
not until an intervention by 
Mr Richard Courage, a former 
chairman of Courage, that Mr 
Rosling relented and agreed to 
reopen talks. 

Mr Rosling had previously 
said: “Hanson Trust has not 
taken any funds out of the 
Imperial or Courage pension 
schemes, nor will it do so 
voluntarily in the future". 

The key word was 

“voluntarily'*. A Hanson 
shareholder pointed out that 
provisions of the Finance Act 
1986 might well force Hanson 
to claim the surplus for itself. 

“If statute requires us to do 
to it, we have to comply." Mr 
Rosling admitted. 

After the meeting. Mr 
Rosling said Hanson fold not 
deliberately set out to use the 
new legislation to claim the 
surplus. Nor had the surplus 
been a factor in calculating 
Courage's sale price. 

Mr Rosling said: “It is not 
certain what, if any, surplus 
there may be". 

However, it emerged yes- 
terday that an actuarial valua- 
tion of the three Courage 
pension funds in 1985 bad 
revealed a surplus of about 
£80 million. 

Actuarial sources said yes- 
terday Hanson's plans resem- 
bled a lactic called “spin-off- 
termination" used in the US. 
This is employed by American 
companies to enable them to 
claim pension fund surpluses 
for themselves. 

hits UK 
cash target 

By Our City Staff 

Eurotunnel the Anglo- 
French Channel tunnel con- 
sortium which has been 
struggling to raise £206 mil- 
lion in an international share 
placing, succeeded yesterday 
in its cash-raising exercise. 

By the 2pm deadline 
Eurotunnel had reached the 
£75 million British target with 
applications from more than 
40 institutions, including “one 
or two" investments of more 
than £5 million. 

A similar amount has been 
raised in France, with the 
remainder being pledged from 
Japan, the United States and 
other countries. 

Directors of the consortium 
were meeting last night in 
Paris, collating the share 

Globe profits up 15% 

Computer press awards 

Entries for the 1986 UK 
Computer Press Awards, 
sponsored by The Times and 
Hewlett-Packard and designed 
to encourage high standards of 
journalism, must be in by 


best computer journal news 
journalist, features journalist, 
columnist, photographer, 
magazine design, technology 
programme and the computer 
personality of the year. 

The winners will be an- 
nounced on November 26 at a 
ceremony at Claridges with 
Mr William Rush ton. the 
television and radio personal- 
ity, as host. 

The categories are for the 

Entries must be based on 
articles, magazines, pictures 
or programmes printed or 
broadcast between November 
1. 1985 and October 31, 1986. 
• Further information from 
Horsley Associates (01-402 


Mmnj York 

Dow Jones 1848.00 (+5L53)* 


Nikkei Dow 16505.38 (+107.55) 

Hong Kona: 

Hang Seng 2345-2* £10.85) 

Amsterdam: Gen — 207.6^^2. dj 


AO 1374.3 (+16.1 


.... 1937.7+16.8) 

General 3848.74 (-10.85) 


378.4 (+05) 

Paris: CAC 

SKA General 536.70 (+0.1) 

London doting prices Page 27 


I l U MtWI - 

Bank Base: 11% 

3-month Interbank 11*3>U 7 u% 
3-month eUgfcie bateiiO 23 ^ 1 ^ 
‘ [rate 


Prime Rate 7»% 

Federal Funds 5*%* 

3-month Treasury Bills 551-5.19%* 
30-year bonds 94' J n-94 ,B u* 


London: New York: 

£; 51.4110 & £14120* 

E: DM2-8615 S: DM2.0285' 

£■ SwF(25620 fc SwFri .6740* 

E: FFr9.3408 S: FFr6.6235* 

£■ Yen22&25 S: Yen160.42* 

r- index«7-8 S: Indexrlll^ 

ECU £0.72648 SDR £0847364 



Cookson Group 454p 

Ceramic — 2i0p 



475p (+10p! 







Cokxofl Group 

21 3p (+7p 

Matthew Brown 
Burton wood — 

WM Low 

Reed Int. 

456p (+I0p) 
566p (+13pj 


N Brown Inv. 


800p (+25p; 

Glaxo 940p(+30p) 

Bestwood 435p J+30pj 

Reuters 538p (+34p) 

Henderson . 
B Matthews 


1C Gas 

- 5P(-& 

405p i-fipf 

Prices are as at 4pm 


London Fixing: 



Nsw York: 



' Denotes latest trading pnee 

Goodyear ‘buying spree’ on 
talk of Goldsmith takeover 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

Goodyear Tyre & Rubber 
refused to comment yesterday 
on reports that a takeover bid 
by Sir James Goldsmith was 

The Ohio company, which 
agreed last week to consider a 
restructuring plan to raise the 
value of its shares, has, 
according to analysts, been on 
“a wild buying spree" in 
response to the reports. 

Sir James is reported to own 
more than 15 per cent of 
Goodyear's 109 million out- 
standing shares. His stake, 
based on recent share prices, is 
valued at S781 million (£557 
million). He is supposed to 
have raised a war chest 
through Bankers Trust Com- 
pany to launch a new takeover 
campaign after his successful 
bid last year for Crown 
ZeUerbach Corporation. 

The Goodyear reports sur- 
prised analysts who said Sir 

James was best known for his 
interest in undervalued com- 
panies with large natural re- 
sources. Goodyear's sale of 
tyres accounts for about 70 per 
cent of earnings. 

Last December h acquired 
oil and gas properties from 
Chevron Corporation and in 
1983 ii acquired enemy hold- 
ings from Celeron Corpora- 
tion. Analysts said these 
properties, valued at $700 
million, were contributing lit- 
tle to earnings. In addition, 
Goodyear owns a small aero- 
space business. 

Hie Goodyear talk swept 
Wall Street as analysis reacted 
to news that, First Interstate 
Bancorp had raised its offer 
for BankAm erica Corporation 
from $18 to $22 a share. 

First Interstate's latest offer, 
to be considered by the 
BankAm erica board at a meet- 
ing on Monday, was valued at 

$3.39 billion. This represents 
an increase of 22 per cent on 
the earlier offer which Mr AW 
“Tom" Clausen, the new chief 
executive, had indicated he 
would reject 

Analysis said, given its 
pressing need for new capital 
BankAmerica might find it 
difficult to reject the First 
Interstate offer, even though 
Mr Clausen wants the bank to 
remain independent 

• Pittsburgh (AP-DJ) — Mr 
Robert Holmes a Court, the 
Australian investor, sold his 
entire stake in USX Corp 
about two weeks ago, Mr 
David Roderick, the USX 
chairman, revealed. 

Mr Roderick said Mr 
Holmes a Court acquired 
shares in USX worth $15 
million prior to a Hart-Scott- 
Rodino filing. He then ac- 
quired additional shares and 

Globe Investment Trust 
yesterday reported a 15 per 
cent increase in profits 
attributable to shareholders 
for the six months to Septem- 
ber 30, 1986. 

The attributable profits, af- 
ter tax, were £11 million, 
compared with £9.5 million in 
the corresponding period last 

Mr David Harvey, Globe's 
chairman, said yesterday the 
whole group had contributed 
to this year's rise; which was 
pleasing since Globe had re- 
duced its holdings in high- 

By Our City Staff 

yield stocks over the past two 
years in favour of low-yielding 
British and overseas invest- 

He also highlighted the 
increase in underwriting fees 
and a reduction in the invest- 
ment trust’s borrowings. 

However, he cautioned that 
the first-half increase would 
not be repealed in the second 
half. Earnings per share were 
increased by 12.9 per cent in 
the first half while net asset 
value decreased by 1.47 per 

named as 
a star of 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The fashion for idAtifying 
Britain's rising entrepreneur- 
ial talent was taken a step 
further yesterday by the new 
glossy magazine. Business, 
which unveiled its list of the 
top 40 under-40s. 

Predictably, the roll of hon- 
our included Mr Richard 
Branson, head of the Virgin 
Group and one of Mrs 
Thatcher’s favourites, Mr 
Alan Sugar of Amstrad and 
Mr Bruce Oldfield, described 
as the crown prince of British 
fashion, who is also preferred 
by the Princess of Wales. 

Bui surprises in the list, 
compiled by teams of journal- 
ists. business researchers, 
head-hunters, stockbrokers, 
merchant bankers and law- 
yers, included Mr Howard 
Hodgson, aged 36. head of his 
family's undertaking business 
in Birmingham, who has built 
up the firm which now has l 
per cent of the annual £330 
million national turnover in 

The youngest in the list is 
Mr Andrew Carmichael of the 
Britain's largest few firm, 
Unklaters & Paines, and who. 
at 29. is said to be the 
country's top Eurobond 

Six of the 40 are women, 
ranging from Mrs Betty Jack- 
son, the fashion designer, to 
Mrs Lesley Watts, the first 
woman to become a main 
board director of Kleinwort 

Five of the 40 are involved 
in financial services, with a 
further seven holding senior 
financial positions in their 

Next expects 
to make 
profit of £60m 

By Alexandra Jackson 

Next, the clothing and 
home furnishing chain, hopes 
to grow by 25 per cent this 
year, according to Mr George 
Davies, the chief executive. 

And assuming a foil-year 
contribution from Grattan, 
the mail-order house. Next 
expects profits in excess of £60 
million for the year to August 


The group has decided to 
move its year end to January 

1 988, and therefore will report 
results fora 17-month period. 

Next announced a rise in 
pretax profits yesterday from 
£20.8 million to £27.7 million 
for the year to August 1986. 

Earnings per share in- 
creased from 8.7p to 12p. The 
final dividend is 3.7p. With 
the interim payment of Up 
this represents an annual in- 
crease of 33 per cent 

Next plans to maximise the. 
potential Grattan and intends 
to unveil its new concept for 
home shopping next autumn. 

The group is continuing to 
expand its range of retail 
outlets. Tempos, page 26 



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Optical fibre link 
opens ocean lines 

By Teresa Poole, Easiness Correspondent 

- The world's first inter- 
national undersea optical fibre 
cable link was opened yes- 
terday, the first ora number of 
links planned worldwide. 

! They will mean thousands 
of miles of optical fibres laid 
beneath the oceans over the 
next 10 years. 

I The 113 km (70.2 miles) 
link between Britain and Bel- 
gium is a joint project between 
British Telecom Inter- 
national, Deutsche 
Bundespost of West Ger- 
many, and the Belgium and 
Netherlands telecommunica- 
tions carriers. 

‘The system cost more than 
£10 million, including a 
£7.47 million contract with 
STC Submarine Systems 
which supplied the cable and 
tcjminaJ equipment. 

;The optica] fibre link, which 
carries information along 
hair-thin strands of glass, has a 
total capacity of more than 
1 1,500 telephone circuits, 
equivalent to about half the 
present total capacity of 12 
oS- style cables. 

■Technology has moved 
ahead since the first undersea 

telecommunications link be- 
tween England and conti- 
nental Europe was laid in 

The Britain-Belgium fink 
puts in place the first of a 
global network of undersea 
optical fibre cables in which 
British Telecom will have a 

The TAT-8 transatlantic ca- 
ble, of which the 29 co-owners 
also include AT&T and a 
number of European carriers, 
is expected to be in service by 
mid- 1988. 

British Telecom, which re- 
duced prices for early cus- 
tomers, has already taken 
orders for private leased cir- 
cuits from companies includ- 
ing Mobil, Barclays Bank. 
British Airways, and Manage- 
ment Services of America, 
worth more than £4 million a 

Prices were reduced re- 
cently to compete with the 
transatlantic cable which Mer- 
cury Communications plans 
to nave operating by 1989, in 
partnership with Nynex of the 
United States. 

Young job makers turn 
the Prince’s idea 
into a business success 

The Youth Business Initia- 
tive is for job mafcere rather 
than job seekers, according to 
the Prince of Wales, president 
of YBL who yesterday visited 
its trade fair in Manchester 
Airport's hangar six. 

The YB1 helps young people 
between the ages of 18 and 25 
to turn ideas into profitable 
businesses, with the help of a 
network of 18 regional co- 
ordinators supported by hun- 
dreds of managers at Britain's 
most successful companies. 

The scheme began as a 
result of a visit by Prince 
Charles to Liverpool's Tox- 
teth area four years ago. 
Spotting a group of teenagers 
as be picked his way through 
the nibble of the riot-torn 
area, he stopped to ask what 
they thought had gone wrong 
and why street violence was 
tearing the bean out of the 

There was a lot of shoe- 
shuffling until one of the 

lan Smith. Northern Correspondent 

group muttered it was because 
no-one cared about youngsters 
with no jobs and no future. 

Prince Charles nodded and 
walked off and the youngsters 
thought their plight had yet 
again fallen on deaf ears. 

However, he quickly en- 
listed the aid of leaders in 
commerce and industry to set 
up YBI and provide not only 
money but a wealth of pro- 
fessional guidance to help 
those unemployed youngsters 
eager but ignorant of how to 
establish themselves in the 
business world. 

With the help of enterprise 
agencies, banks and building 
societies, budding en- 
trepreneurs are helped to pro- 
duce a business plan which is 
then submitted to a regional 

Iftheplan is approved, each 
applicant receives a £1.000 
bursary, with an additional 
£40 a week Manpower Ser- 

vices Commission allowance 
for the first 12 months. 

An essential part of the 
project's success is the input of 
industrial expertise, a 
commitment proved not only 
by the attendance of 300 of the 
country's top industrialists at 
the trade fair, but by the large 
sums of money put into the 

Ferranti, Bass Chamngtoo. 
National Westminster Bank, 
I CL and Marks and Spencer 
are a few of the contributors. 

The companies have given 
senior executives paid leave of 
absence of up to two years to 
take pan in the scheme. 

The success of YBI was 
shown by the 108 exhibition 

They offered services from 
taxidermy to five-tiered cakes 
for special occasions, hand- 
crafted clocks, designer 
dress wear, engraved glass- 
ware. pine cabinets and por- 
trait painting. 

Abaco pays £12.5m for Lambert US ‘losing China trade 9 

■Abaco Investments, the 
acquisitive financial services 
group, is (raying Lambert 
Smith & Partners, the consul- 
tant surveyor and valuer, for 
£125 million. 

•This is Abaco’s seventh 
acquisition this year and 
potentially its largest. Lam- 
bert will be merged with 
Anthony Brown Stewart Ab- 
aco's other commercial sur- 
veyor, bought in May. 

By Alison Eadie 

Lambert is strong on shop, 
office and investment agency 
work aad Anthony mown 
specializes in professional ser- 
vices and property 

MrPeter Goldie, chief exec- 
utive of Abaco. said Lambert 
would not be the last of the 
commercial agent acquisi- 

Lambert made pretax prof- 
its of £668,000 In the year to 

Fran Robert Grieves, Peking 

February 14. Payment is in 
two stages: a cash amount of 
£65 million and a deferred 
payment trfnp to £6 million, of 
which £5 million will be in 

The foil defe rred consid- 
eration will be payable if 
Lambert makes profits of £15 
million this year. The exit p/e, 
assuming profits of £15 mil- 
1km, Is 125. Abaco will fund 
Lambert internally. 

Mr John Bohn, president of 
the US Export-Import Bank, 
said at a press conference bens 
yesterday that American busi- 
ness is losing milli ons of 
dollars worth of contracts in 
the Chinese market because it 
cannot compete with Euro- 
pean and Japanese con- 
cessional financing. 

Mr Bohn said that if current 
talks in Paris “do not go weir 

in clearly defining the circum- 
stances under which France 
and Japaa, in particular, could 
provide mixed credits to 
China, the US might be forced 
to provide similar financing 

“We believe aid should be 
used for aid purposes, and not 
to finance purchases of tele- 
communications equipment," 
Mr Bohn added. 

rates up 

By Peter Gaitiaud 

The Department for Na- 
tional Savings yesterday an- 
nounced higher interest rates 
on a number of their schemes 
for personal savers. 

A new 32nd Issue of Na- 
tional Savings Certificates 
with a guaranteed return of 

8.75 per cent a year goes on 
sale from November 12 with a 
maximum holding of £5,000. 

The 32nd Issue certificates 
will be sold in £25 units and 
will increase in value to £38.03 
after five years. The return is 
free of all British income tax 
and capita] gains tax. The 3 1 st 
issue, which has been avail- 
able since September 1985, 
will be withdrawn Grom sale at 
post offices at dose ofbusiness 
on November 1 1. 

The annual interest rate on 
the NS Investment Account 
goes up from 10.75 per cent to 

1 1.75 per cent Grom Novem- 
ber 12. 

The interest on Income 
Bonds and Deposit Bonds will 
increase from 11.25 percent to 
12.25 per cent a year from 
December 13. Income Bonds, 
which provide a regular 
monthly income to savers, 
require a minimum invest- 
ment of £2,000. Deposit 
bonds, which take the form of 
a lump sum investment, have 
a mimimum of only £100. No 
tax is deducted at source from 
interest on Income Bonds. 
Deposit Bonds and Invest- 
ment Accounts. 

The Department for Na- 
tional Savings also announced 
yesterday mat the general 
extension rate applying to 
many earlier issues of Savings 
Certificates win go up from 
8.01 per cent to 8.70 per cent a 
year from November 1. 

We’d like to get 
on first name terms. 

P LEASE DON’T THINK we’re advocating 
any unseemly informality. Far from it. 

We merely wish to become the first name that 
springs to mind when you’re considering any 
thing to do with offices, shops, or industrial and 
high-technology buildings. 

Anything, did we say? Yes, more or less. 

We’re aware that’s rather a laige claim. 
However, we are rather a large practice 
(We’ve eighty-five partners and associates, 
and over five hundred staff in the UK alone.) 

And we didn’t get big by turning down 
small jobs. In the past year, for example, 
we’ve handled instructions on units ranging 
in size from 400 square feet up. Admittedly, 
the largest is 3 million square feet, and it’s true 
that much of our work is extremely large. 

As a matter of fact we think our size adds 
perspective to our experience and skills. 

Big can be beautiful too, you know. 

We’d like to put our skills at your service. And 
to begin with, left run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying and 
selling, and the funding of property development. 

Our agency teams cover developing, letting 
and acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property’s worth. 

And in these days of ‘intelligent buildings’ 
you need highly intelligent advice on manage- 
ment, maintenance, and the improvement of 

Whaft more our databank is one of the 

largest sources of commercial property informa- 
tion; which is one reason we act as consultants 
to so many clients. 

And we’re just as at home abroad. In other 
Jones Lang Wootton firms overseas there are a 
further 125 partners and 1,200 staff, in 35 offices, 
in 14 countries, on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or 
small, we're at your service. 

If you’d like to know anything else, please 
call us on 01-493 6040. 

To begin with, just ask for Jones Lang Wootton. 

Jones Lang 

The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Surveyors. International Real Eslate Consultants. 22 I lanovcr Square. London W1A 2BN. Telephone: 01-493 t>040. 
Kern House. Telegraph Street. Moorgaie. London EC2R "j L. Telephone: 01-038 6040. 


• WILLIAM LOW: Year to 
SepL 6. Total dividend raised to 
I3.5p (12p). Turnover £233.36 
million (£206.87 million). Pre- 
tax profit £7.26 million (£6.26 
mtfiioa). Capital expenditure 
during the year was £22 milli on 
and is expected to be £20 
million in the current 12 
months. Bank overdrafts now 
stand at £14:8 million. The 
company has arranged a me- 
dium-term facility to replace a 
substantial part of this and to 
fund developments. . 

Half-year to Aug. 30. Interim 
payment 2.5p (ZSp). It will be 
paid on Dec. 15. Turnover 
£4J. 9J million (£38.6 million). 
Pretax profit £2 . 2 million (£2.6 
million). Earnings per share 
6.4p (7.2p). Tire board believes 
that action it is taking wifi 
enable the company, in due 
course, to return to the rates of 
profit and dividend growth 
previously seen. The dividend 
for the full year (7p last time) is 
expected to be maintained. 

TRUST: Six months to Sept 30. 
Interim dividend L38p (I33p). 
payable on Jan. 7. Pretax profit 
on ordinaiy activities £15.92 
million (£13.84 million). Earn- 
ings per share: basic, ‘ 2.1 Ip 
(I.88p) and fully diluted, Z09p 
(1.85p). The board says that the 
rate of increase in profits in the 
first half is not expected to be 
repeated in the second. 

(HOLDINGS): Half-year to 
June 30 (comparisons restated). 
No interim dividend (1.07p). 
Net turnover £25.69 milli on 
(£23.24 million). Profit, before 
and after tax, £2.63 million 
(£2-44 million). Earnings per 
share 436p (4.05p). 

Firet half of 1986. Interim 
payment maintained at 0.5p, 
payable ou Jan. 6. Turnover 
£19-25 million (£19.66 million). 
Pretax profit £502,000 
(£421,000). Earnings per share 
2.2 Ip (I.85p). 

The company is reporting for 
the 53 weeks to May 31, 
compared with the previous 
year. Turnover £9-37 million 
(£9.38 million). Pretax profit 
£557,000 (£364,000). Earnings 
per shar e l.5p (0.43p): 


lion in shares. This acquisition 
is the tenth since Bennett came 
to the USM last year and is (ran 
of its drive to become a national 

Industrial Polymers, a group 
company, has acquired CQC of 
Barnstaple, Devon, from British 
Land, for- £2.4 million cash. 
CQCs pretax profit for the year 
to March 31 last was £298.000. 

MENTS: The company is 

expanding with “the £800,000 
purchase of Gallery Cards, 
which operates 13 card shops in 
the Midlands and East Anglia. 
Gallery was owned by United 
News Shops, the CTN shops 
offshoot of United Newspapers. 

(HOLDINGS): Coin Industries, 
a subsidiary, has sold its coin- 
counting and pa cka g in g com- 
pany. ICC Machines, to Cash 
and Security Equipment, based 
in St Albans. Hertfordshire, for 
£400,000 cash. At June 30. ICC 
had net assets of £408.63 1 . 

to Sort. 30. Pretax profit 
£218,093 (£150573). Interim 
dividend on p refer red shares 
3.7p (3Jp) and on deferred 
shares L25p (0.85pX In view of 
strong corporate revenue 
growth, the company should 
continue to show good progress 
and the board expects the final 
dividends to be at least main- 
tained. Last time, a final of 
5-25p was paid on the preferred 
sh ares a nd one of 2.8p on the 

NATIONAL: Six months to 
July 31. Pretax profit £274,000 

* * 

(£194,000), against a loss of 
$2.66 million. Turnover $1.09 
million ($14.02 million). Earn- 
ings per share 3 cents (loss 24 

Dividend unchanged at 0.5p for 

UP: The grou 
Electrical fa 

for £3.63 tnii- 

Earnings, after tax. £85,000 
(£155,000). Earnings per share 
0.1 4p (0.29p). 

cock, the chairman, says in his 
annual statement that activity in 
the current year i& at this time, 
showing an increase over test 
year and the company looks set 
to produce a further increase in 

Bank of Scotland 
Home Loan Rate 

Bank of Scotland 
announces that with effect 
from 31st October 1986 
Bank of Scotland Home 
Loan Rate win be increased 
from 1 1 .00% per annum to 
12.25% per annum. 

Bank of Scotland, 

Head Office, 

The Mound, 
EH1 1YZ 






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** ■ wift iviniiiib i rtbr vni 

Pilkington jumps 14p on talk of 
dawn raid bv BTR at 550d 

Oi^runtled majricet men, 
oom plaining constantly about 
the sterile atmosphere of the 
new-Jook City, resorted yes- 
today tore^ngitatinga string 
ofVB-oU bid stories. 

Top of the list was 
Fuknsgtoa Brothers, the 
manufacturer, where talk late 
m the day was of a dawn raid 
7" cither first thing this morn- 
ing or tomorrow — by BTR, 
the industrial conglomerate, at 
550p a share. 

Cazenove, the broker, 
which acts for Pilkingtoix, is 
believed to have checked 
through the share register and. 
found nothing untoward. 

Only last week, there was 
speculation that Cazenove 
might be about to resign as 
Pmongton’s broker so that ft 
could act Syr another party 
wanting to take Pilkington 

Pilkington’s shares spurted 
14p to 520p and BTR finned 
5p to 285p. 

Some analysts suggested 
that Pilkington might be about 
to launch its long-awaited bid 
for United Scientific, up 2p at 
1 SOp, as a defensive move. 

Hanson Trust and its next 
possible US acquisition was 
also widely discussed, with 
American Brands, the $5.5 
billion tobacco and rKsfiTferf 
drinks group, the most fre- 
quently mentioned name. 

Bat American Brands owns 
Gallagher, which, coupled 
with Hanson's Imperial To- 
bacco offshoot, would give it 
about 70 per cent of the British 
tobacco market — and prob- 
lems with the Monopolies 

A takeover deal accompa- 
nied by the sale of either 
Imperial Tobacco or GaDaher 

By Carol Leonard 

could be one solution. An- 
other company mentioned as 
a possible cuget for Hanson's 
attentions is Corn Products, 
which owns Heilman's May- 
onnaise asd a number of other 
leading brand names. Its 
shares have risen from $60 to 
$80 on Wall Street in the past 
couple of weeks. 

Elsewhere in equities, the 
stock market bad its best day 
so far this week, with traders 
slightly busier, but volumes 

Hie FT 30 share index 
finished at its highest levd of 
the day, 11.2 up at 1,267.2. 
The FT-SE 100 index rose 
even further, dosing 13.4 up 
at 1,597.0. 

Chits refused to be en- 
couraged by the news that the 
Treasury’s £1 billion issue of, 
convertible 10 per cent, 1990, ‘ 

• KeQock Trust, the new 
financial services vehicle of 
the brothers Mr John and 
Mr Peter Beckwith, of 
London & Edinburgh 
Trust, die property company, 
returns from suspension 
next Tuesday. Dealings are 
expected to begin at about 
140p, against a suspension 
price ofll3p. 

stock had been oversubscribed 
at a £\4 premium to the 

minimnm tender price. Blam- 
ing a shortage of any specific 
news, they drifted £% easier in 
the longs and np to £Vt easier 
in the shorts. 

Among the blue chip eq- 
uities, those to see most action 
were Glaxo, up 22p to 938p 
alter a broker’s upgrading, 
Vickers Zip higher at 391p, 
Tate A Lyle lOp at 571p, 
ConrtuMs lOp at 296p 


The Forte family 
.tightening their control 


The Forte family, owners of 
Trnsthsnse Forte, the £13 
"billion hotel chain, have been 
on a £2.25 million spending 
spree, buying shares m their 
own company. Towards the 
end of Last week, Lord Forte, 
his son, Rocco and daughter, 
Mrs Olga Politzi, picked up 
500,000 shares each, paying 
about I SOp a share. 

The move is being seen in 
some quarters as defensive- 
Earlier this year there was 
speculation that Marriott Ho- 
tels, the US group, might be 
about to launch a bid and it 
was discovered that the family 
control of THF was not as 
watertight as had generally 
been assumed. 

One City analyst com- 
mented: “It could just be that 
they had a bit of spare cash 
and did it as an investment" 

The Forte family and their 
fellovV directors speak for 
about 20 per cent of the 
company, with a panel of 
trustees controlling a further 
50 per cent However, recent 
speculation that the trustees 
might soon be disbanded, 
leaving the group wide open to 
a predator, is, it is understood. 

unfo unde d 

Talk that the family may be 
on the brink of sdlbg its stake 
in the Savoy Hotel, worth 
about £300 million, is also 

THPs shares, which have 
been a steady market of late, 

9 Matthew Brown, the 
North-of-England bre we r y, 
spurted a further 15p to a 
fresh record of 568p, with 
specnlatnrs hoping that 
Scottish & Newcastle may 
soon launch a new bid. The 
12-month cease-fire since 
S&N's last,narrowly-«n- 
snccessfhl takeover attempt 
ends on December 11. 

eased 4p to I60p. 

This speculation comes on 
the eve of the publication of 
Lord Forte's autobiography, 
called simply Forte. 

Stothert & Pitt, the troubled 
engineer where Mr Robert 
Maxwell, owner of the Daily 
Minor, is in the process of 
injecting £4 million in return 
for a 773 per cent share stake, 
hit another fresh low, with its 
shares falling Sp to 90 t. This 
makes a two-day fall of 30p 


Prices are as at 6.45pm 


Mgfi Lam Company 


Bid Offer COfta 








Mob Lam Company 


Bkf Offer 








































Hawker SUdiey 





5 2 















Imp CJ*em md 


. . 


























































Land Securities 




















Legal & Gen 






S A 

292 3300 



Bk» Chde 
























4 3 





















147 8000 



Marita A Spencer 



. . 



232 2200 



Br Aerospace 





















Br Patratoun 











Net W*tt 









177’iBr Talaeom 

. IBB 


42 1 ! 


5 J 





















83 5200 










129 2400 






















Cat*. & WiraJom 326 




















Cadbwy Schweppes 192 









Royal Ins 



















Sahwbwy (J) 










Cons GoMfMds 
















166 5600 








9.7 2600 



Sedgwick Gp 






















. 51j4 


8.6 1,100 








25 2 





147 149 




137 2,600 











Sun Ainanoe 


















TS8 P/P 



. . 

. . 

.. 12600 






174 2, BOO 









23.1 6300 








146 1400 



■nwm EMI 






336 1400 









Trafalgar House 






77 1200 












Trustnousa Forte 






163 3400 











i la's (Maw 















124 1400 



Utd Biscuits 









Suddenly political forecasting 
has a keener edge than usual 

By Rodney Lord 

Economics Editor 

n voting patterns be ex- 
ined simply by voters’ 
tnomic well-being? For two 
adcs and a half after the 
x>nd World War it seemed 
y could, and although' the 
itionship broke down in 
: 1970s. some of the poll- 
rs and academics now 
im to have re-established a 
itionship in which voting 
unions reflect, after a lag. 
lers' perceptions of their 
momic circumstances. 

Vh ether the formal re- 
onships computed by the 
lerts prove robust, few peo- 
would deny the health of 
economy is likely to have 
important influence on the 
nion result Thai makes the 
rent forecasting round 
re significant than usual 
r or one thing, if the Gty 
ieved both the economic 
•casts and the relationship 
ween economic growth and 
jlion results — two big ife— 
night feel a little less edgy 
tut sterling. 

[“be Treasury is now putting 
final touches to the fore- 
i which the Chancellor will 
dish in the Autumn S tale- 
nt next month. It remains 
ifident that the effects of 
«r oil prices, which leave 
re money in foe pockets of 
importers, will show 
ough next year in a higher 
i of growth in world trade 
which Britain will parti- 

t believes also that any 
rease in inflation will be 
dest The Budget forecast 
jected Vk per cent in the 
ti quarter of this year 
ough to the second quarter 
next and the Government 
s no need to change that 

Sterling has fallen faster 
n expected but oil prices 
i have been lower than the 
i a barrel assumed in the 

Jot everyone is so optimis- 
The table shows the 
sent range of forecasts for 
!7 and 1987-88 financial 
r. The National Institute 
Economic and Social Re- 
tch sees only modest 



LBS SDnw Sorts 

Hw*v Econf Lpool CHOECO OkM EC kN*Mt C*r 
Oct Hay Sap S«p Mmf JM Oct tog* 1 fcp 


RP1 (CPI) 4th qtr 
Current account 

change ffbn) 1 ’ 

2% 7 














4 r 

















4 A 



(3.4®) (3.4®) 





1J4 # 










































Non durable consumption 'A 
annual rate s Interpreted varic 
half 1987 on first half 1996 >1 
longw term disaggregate forecast 

measure 3 Output measure 3 ExpendHure measure ‘DrethaM 19B7 at 
■forecastersaseither residual or as target Calendar year 1987 7 First 
on 1987Q2 B ex tax t Cambridge Econometrics forecast taken from 

growth next year of 1.8 per 
cent — too small to make any 
impact on unemployment — 
and a significant jump in 
inflati on to 51& per cent. The 
explanation lies partly in the 
large current account deficit 
which the institute is 

The big uncertainty, as so 
Often, is how foe supply side of 
the economy will respond to 
the opportunities created by a 
lower exchange rate. 

There is no prospect of any 
shortage of demand. Con- 
sumer spending, fuelled by 
high real wage increases, has 
remained buoyant this year 
and is widely expected to stay 
that way next year. The av- 
erage expectation is that it will 
grow by nearly 4 per cent in 
1987, roughly the same rate of 
growth as this year. 

Some of this consumer de- 
mand will be met by imports. 
The average expectation is 
that import volume will grow 
by 5 per cent, in other words 
rather more than the growth in 
consumer spending. 

But the National Institute 
thinks British industry will 
find itself unable to supply 
enough goods of the right 
quality at the right price to 
compete with the flood ofcars 
and domestic appliances from 
overseas and that import vol- 
ume will grow by as much as 
6% per cent 

Recent American experi- 
ence lends some support to the 
institute’s gloomy view. De- 
spite a steep drop in the 
exchange rate of foe dollar 
since the Plaza meeting more 
than a year ago, the US trade 

deficit remains obstinately 

The reason seems to be 
partly . that many Japanese 
exporters have decided to 
suffer the rise in the yen in 
terms of lower profits rather 
than lower volume. 

They have kept their prices 
competitive in dollars and 
maintained their exports. 
Other exporters from the Far 
East, such as Taiwan ami 
Sooth Korea, have kept their 
currencies pegged to the doflar 
and have seen their exports 
leap ahead. The trade-weight- 
ed index of the dollar’s value 
does not reflect movements 
against these currencies — nor 
does the pound's. 

Equally difficult to forecast 
is the proportion of the ex- 
pected increase in world trade 
nicely to. be taken by British 
exports. Views on how much 
world trade is likely to grow 
vary widely from nearly 7 per 
cent,, expected by the Liver- 
pool group headed by Profes- 
sor Patrick Minford, to only 
3 & per cent predicted by foe 
Confederation of British 

How much this mil boost 
Britain's exports is equally 
uncertain, with forecasts vary- 
ing from 4.4 per cent for 
Henley to only 0.9 per cent in 
Phillips & Drew’s latest fore- 
cast But the consensus is 
there will be certainl y som e 
response to the faster growth 
in world trade and the average 
view is for export growth of 
32 per cent next year, com- 
pared with only 1.9 per cent 
this year. 

What sort of a response to 
the improvement in compet- 

itiveness produced by the fall 
in the pound can we expect 
from British manufacturers? 
Phillips & Drew says flatly it is 
no use relying on sterling 
depreciation to correct the 
current account deficit when 
domestic demand continues 
to outstrip supply. 

On the other hand, exports 
have been very buoyant re- 
cently despite the large deficits 
recorded in the last two 
months. The CBrs latest sur- 
vey published earlier this 
week confirms industry is now 
more optimistic both at home, 
on account of high consumer 
spending, and abroad, because 
or the fall in sterlin g- But it 
suggests mine companies are 
putting up prices than are 
going for volume — the reverse 
of the Japanese strategy. 

What is dear is that in- 
dustry faces a more attractive 
prospect than for some time if 
it has the confidence to make 
use of it. The signs of a modest 
fall in pay settlements are 
encouraging. Manufacturers 
have responded to overseas 
opportunities before, for in- 
stance in 1984, and can do so 

A gain 

Earlier this year, with the 
prospect of low inflation and a 
boost to growth from the fall 
in oil prices, it seemed for a 
time as though the Govern- 
ment's economic managers 
might have peaked too soon 
from an electoral point of 
view. But, as it turns out, there 
is a fair chance economic 
circumstances mil be swing- 
ing the Government's way 
when the country goes to the 

and more than halves the 
value of the company since 
the peak of 210p this year. 

But fears that the sudden 
demise of the share price 
might signal that Mr Maxwell 
has decided to poll out from 
the deal — being done through 
a subsidiary of his Pfcrgamon 
Press master company - are 

Adviser Hill Samuel says it 
is working on the refinancing 
package now and hopes to be 
in a position to offer detailed 
proposals for shareholders' 
approval before the end of 

Mr Leslie Goodman, of Hill 
Samuel, said: “Mr Maxwell's 
rescue package values 
Stothert's shares at l«s than 
60p and one could argue that 
the market is adjusting the 
share price so that it is more in 
line with his offer." 

Oils were weak once again 
on talk that Mexico and Saudi 
Arabia have been offering ofl 
at a 50 per cent discount to 
market rates. BP dropped a 
further 8p to 635p, IC Gas 9p 
to 564p, Britoil 3.5p to 124.5p, 
Shell 2p to 876pand Petranol 
a couple of pence to 34p. 

The news that Grand 
Metropolitan has appointed 
Mr Ian Martin as managing 
director of its US operation 
did tittle for its shares, which 
slid 5p to 433p. However, Mr 
Daniel Leaf, a leading sector- 
analyst at Wood Mackenzie, 
the tanker, sees the move as 
positive. He said: “Together 
with its sale of Liggett Myers 
and its plans to appoint a new 
chief executive, it shows that 
the company is clearly 
responding to City criticism.” 

BET jumped 1 7p to 4J3p in 
response to a “buy" recom- 
mendation from Mr Bob 
Havflte, an analyst at James 
Capel, the broker. 

Hepworth Ceramics, the 
manufacturer of day and plas- 
tic pipes, was the highlight of 
the building sector on talk that 
English China Clays may be 
about to launch a bid at 270p a 
share. Hepworth's shares leapt 
21p to 208p in response. 
Hepworth is capitalized at 
around £335 million, com- 
pared with English China 
Clay’s £260 million, so if there 
were an approach, it is tikeiy 
to be an agreed deal 

Barratt Developments, the 
housebuilder, gamed 4p to 
148p after a lunch at 
Cazenove, which is thought to 
have been bullish. 

Reed International, the pa- 
per and publishing concern, 
jumped 40p to 29 lp in late 
trading after revealing a 57 per 
cent increase in interim prof- 
its. Chase Securities immedi- 
ately stepped up its profits 
forecast for the full year to 
£182 million 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Exchange must act to 
prevent Topic decay 

The trouble with computer problems 
is that once they creep into the system 
they tend to feed upon themselves and 
become less easy to sort out Thus the 
problems encountered on the first day 
of Big Bang, for from being teething 
troubles, have progressively proved to 
be deep-seated faults in the gums. 

The Stock Exchange is in some 
difficulty now. Essentially, the capac- 
ity of the Topic information display 
system, on to which the all-important 
SEAQ system was, for convenience, 
grafted, is just not big enough for the 
job. It needs to be able to cope with 
200 inquiries a second and it has 
manag ed that only briefly, on Monday 
before the rot set in. 

No wonder many member com- 
panies are worried about the separate 
but equally vital automated settle- 
ment system, yet to face its first big 
tesL For this, too, has been subject to 
teething troubles. 

Only practice will tell whether those 
doubts are legitimate or just derived 
from the Topic experience. But al- 
ready it is clear that the Stock 
Exchange Council and executive will 
have to take some swift and possibly 
drastic measures if Big Bang is to 
enhance London's position in inter- 
national debt and equity markets and 
not irretrievably damage it After all, 
British industry is littered with ba- 
sically good products that never sold 
because they were full of faults when 
first put on the market 

The picture of large securities 
houses switching randomly in and out 
of the SEAQ system in different 
sectors of the market to cope with 
unpredictable breakdowns, is an un- 
happy and unsustainable one. This is 
the worst of all worlds. 

There is no instant prospect of 
increasing computer capacity. The 
Stock Exchange is trying computer 
software solutions, but these will take 
some time. Decisions have to be taken 
to reduce the strain on the system in 
an organized and not an arbitrary 

It is legitimate to axe some less vital 
Topic services or to reduce their 
availability. This may be enough to 
preserve the integrity of SEAQ. But 
the Exchange may have to bite an 
even bigger bullet and take some of 
the third and even second class equity 
stocks off SEAQ altogether. These 
were always likely to be traded, as in 
days of yore, on the floor of the 
Exchange. Now they may have to 
revert to old manual methods of price 

As is so often the case, however, one 
man's disaster is another’s boost to 
business — in this case Reuters’. 
Futures prices on Liffe and some 
foreign exchange has been axed from 
Topic already, leaving Reuters’ Mon- 
itor service, already used by the 
Eurosecurities market, in pole pos- 
ition. Reuters has a more advanced 

system with more safeguards. It foiled 
to make a deal with the Stock 
Exchange, mainly as it turns out, to 
the Exchange's cost 

A cut in the air 

Yesterday morning, the Bank of 
England proved to its entire satisfac- 
tion that n can sell smoothly £1 billion 
of government debt in the new gilt- 
edged market The Treasury 10 per 
cent Convertible 1991 was over- 
subscribed at £96.50 percent, 25p 
above the minimum tender price. 

The operation may have been 
helped by using money from the 
redemption of Exchequer 14 per cent 
to support the market but a technical 
ploy of this kind is as nothing 
compared with the scent of an early 
cut in bank base rates. The market 
caught a whiff of it last evening when 
speculation, originating in Tokyo, 
that the Japanese may be about to cut 
their discount rate from 3 V* per cent, 
reached the ears and screens of New 
York bond dealers. 

It might make sense. Although the 
West German authorities have set 

the United States and the United 
Kingdom have an immediate vested 
interest in well-informed expectations 
of lower interest rates. 

At the moment, the US bond 
market is uneasy about prospects for 
the November auctions of Federal 
Government debt, especially after the 
lukewarm response to an issue of 
seven year notes. The Japanese have 
in their end-November sights a new 
issue whose yield — the murmur is 5.7 
per cent — will become the benchmark 
tor the Tokyo market, as well as an 
important indicator for New York. 
The differential “norm” between the 
two markets is 214 per cent. Positive 
action, like cutting the Japanese 
discount rate, would help clear the air. 

The London market would now like 
to believe that the Chancellor is 
girding his loins for a cut of a half of 
one percentage point in base rates. 
The Bank of England's signals to the 
money market, though not entirely 
unambiguous, are tending to raise 
hopes. If, as seems likely, the bulk of 
yesterday's Treasury Convertible 
stock went no further than the market- 
makers, the next, retailing phase could 
not have a better send-off than the 
gathering expectation of a Lawson 
half point off. 

The one grey shadow across this 
brightening picture is the foil in 
German bond prices. The average 
yield, calculated by the Bundesbank, 
on German public sector debt rose 
yesterday from 6.06 per cent to 6.12 
per cent As the German yield is 
widely regarded as the proxy for the 
“true” international rate of interest, 
this suggests rising rather than foiling 


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Better returns on 
bigger buildings 

Big is beautiful, Debenham 
Tewson & Chinnocks, tin 
chartered surveyor, says in its 
analysis of the 106 properties 
worth more than £10 millioa in 
Investment Property Data- 
banks'^ portfolio. 

Large properties show bet- 
ter yields than small bnOdxogs, 
the researchers say. Last year, 
properties worth more than 
£10 million showed a total 
retain of 11.2 per cent, com- 
pared with $.7 per cent for 
smaller buildings. 

Debenham Tewson says the 
potential for increased returns 
exists hot the investor most 
pot his money Into larger 
bondings. This brings the 
argranent to the subject of 
seliffisg securities in huge 
buildings to allow several 
investors to boy them. 

This comforts those pro- 
ponding the virtoes of baying 
a stake m a large commercial 
development worth at least 
£20 minion. WeatheraU Green 

& Smith, in its quarterly 
property index, says; “The 
results of oor survey seem to 
show that the larger the 
property- the better the 

WeatherallV figures -show 
that over, the past six years, 
total return and capital growth- 

Big Bang war for space 
sends rents rocketing 

Big Bang may have started 
with a whimper on Monday 
but the property market in the 
City of London is booming as 
a result of the City’s financial 

Tenants, desperate to find 

By Judith Huntley 

total return and capital g rowth - bree offices and dealing floors 
ofproperties worth more than able to cope with their cor- 
£20 mdhoa was 13.85 per cent porate and technical needs, 
and JL44 per cent respectively, are havine to enter a price war 

Japanese tenant at £42L50 a sq 
ft a record for the location 
and high by any City 

MEPCs 40,000 sq ft 
development at Farrmgdon 

This compares with 7.92 pm 
cent and 2.14 per cent for 
biddings in the £3 mHUon to 
£10 million bracket 
• Tayiow Woodrow Property, 
which plans to develop a 
600,000 sq ft shopping centre 
on its Nursling estate, near 
Southampton, is to begin work 
on its 275,000 sq ft retail 
development at Portsmouth. 

Taylor Woodrow CUppiB- 
dale Properties, a . Taylor 
Woodrow subsidiary, has 
signed an a g r eemen t with 
Pttrt g noufe Qty Council to 
develop He Cascades centre. 

porate and technical needs,' Street is believed also to have 
are having io enter a price war been let by tender. And it is 

to. find space- Competitive 
tenders to buy leases on scarce 
City space are the order of the 
day in a market which is going 
through an unprecedented 
bull phase. 

The latest developers to 
benefit from the tendering 
which has been going on for 
months in the Square Mile, 
are MEPC and Norwich 
-Union, the insurance 

Their' development is at I 
Liverpool Street, on the City 
fringes and they have let the 
37.000 sq ft of space to a 

thought that tendering will 
result in Norwich Union 
achieving rents of £32.50 a sq 
ft at Moriey House, Holboro 
Viaduct, near the insurance 
company’s Plumtree Court in 
Shoe Lane: 

Plumtree Court was devel- 
oped and sold by Trafalgar 
House when there was little 
interest in the Holborn office 
market and Norwich Union 
bought the investment at a 
keen price. 

But times have changed and 
there is rental growth in the 
area now, based on the mount- 
ing needs of professional 
firms, themselves caught up in 
Big Bang fever. 

The chance to redevelop 
Holborn and Fleet Street after 
the move by national news- 
papers to Docklands and else- 
where has come at just the 
right time to catch the market 

The lack of space in the 
Square Mile means that 
boundaries are being redrawn 

Holborn is benefiting from 
this process and newspaper 
propneters look like being the 
new developers in the area. 

The market is waiting to see 
how much more of Holborn 
and New Fetter Lane Mr 
Robert Maxwell will acquire 
round the site of the Minor 
Group headquarters. 

ASod Lyons 

Cons GoM 



Swim Jw Apr JbI J*B Apr All 

300 25 35 43 9 13 14 Jaguar 

330 10% 17 27 27 30 35 (*519) 

360 3 8 - 50 55 — 

600 62 85 — 14 23 — TTwnEMI 

850 32 5B 70 33 55 83 (**551 

700 13 25 38 67 87 95 

550 102 12S — U 25 — ' 

600 67 85 — 27 45 - T9SC0 

650 38 57 77 48 66 BO (*406) 

260 41 51 — 2 S — 

280 25 36 45 7 It 14 

300 14 24 31 18 20 24 

43 60 85 

17 35 55 

B 20 — 

50 60 75 

23 38 52 

10 25 32 

2 8 — 

83 - - 

53 68 — 

27 43 GO 

13 25 35 



260 40 

280 2S% 
300 15 

41 — — 
3 8 — 

Bril Aero 

Swiss New Fab 

.420 30 S5 

Hot Fab 
6 13 



Grand Met 







































BAT bids 

Bn? Telecom 

Cadbury Scnwpps 

950 160 177 — 
1000 115 133 - 

1060 77 1Q0 123 

1100 50 73 93 



Lena Sec 



Marks 5 Span 


SMt Trans 




Trai&igar House 


8 % 11 % 12 % 

Sanaa Dae Mar Joo Dae 



Vaal Reels 


9% 13% 
3% 8X 
1 '4 

12 7% 10 14% 

7 17 18% 20% 

280 18 
300 — 

307 6 

Series Nov Iter Jon Nov Mar Jon 

47 1% 3% 
— 2 — 
— 9 — 

Blue erode 

Da Baers 


80 115 — 

55 98 115 
28 70 B0 

Tr 11%*% 1991 

100 2'ia 2% 3‘ie 

1% 2% 3»>» 3% 

45 — 110 12S — 

Tr 11%% 03/07 
(’Cl 07) 

106 Z>m 4 b i* 
.108 I'm 
110 2Hi 

•* % 2'<» 3% 

1% 3*1* 4% 
3 «» 4% S 7 * 

“w 1»» Pia 4% «n 6% 
ha 1% 1% 6% Vtt 8% 
■ii n M M u 10% 10% 11% 

87 100 130 
36 72 103 

16 52 86 

68 100 113 

40 — 135 140 — 

27 32% 2% 

















. 1550 






























































October 29,1886. Tcta) contracts 23S22. 

'Ihiilaafcilms fc. r _r*r» 

THiotwiying mmvsj pnee- 

County Limited 

Richard Hlis 


ANZ Merchant Bank Limited 








The Association for Single Asset Property Vehicles 


SoTtcrtors: Berwin Leighton 

Chartered Accountants; Fteat, Marwick, Mitcbeil^ Go. 

Founder Members 

• ANZ Merchant Sank Ud. 

• Legal & General Group pfe 

• Barclays deZoeteWedd 

• Richard EKis 

Investment Management Lid. 

• Royal London Mutual 

• Capital & Counties pic 

Insurance Society Lid. 

• Commercial Union 

• Slough Estates pic 

Assurance Co. pic 

• Speytrawkpte 

• County Group Limited 

• Town & Gty Properties Ud. 

• Healey & Baker 


Enquiries to: P. Rwfin at County Ud. (01-638 6000) and 
S. Barter at Richard Bis Financial Services (01-256 6411) 

Sariea Dec Mar Jwi Oac Mw Jan 

18 25 30 

40 45 50 

82 82 - 

3 9 14 

20 23 27 

47 52 55 

97 100 — 

1 — — 

3 8 — 

8 17 22 

27 29 33 

Anglta Sacs 

Berry-BirchANobie (11 
Blenheim ExhrtJ (95p) 
Giygrovs (lOfltf 
Crewmon Lens (130p) 
Euro Home I160p) 

Great Southern P35p) 
Guthrie Coro (150p) 
Harmon (I50p) 

Hughes Food (20p) 
Imerfnk Express (I85p) 
Local Lon Gp 
Marlborough Tech niop) 

Scot Mtga 700%. *25 
TSB( Group (lOOp) 
Thames TV (190p) 
Treas sH%J/l 2016 #97 
wnmnoy Mackey (160p) 
Woottons Batter (I04p) 
Yehenon (38p) 
Yorkshire TV (12Sp) 


80 s . 4^ 

306 -*3 
£927 mi + 
163 -2 
163 +3 


BflHway N/P 

Blue ArrOw N/P 
Brown kent N/P 

Newage Trans (750) 
Radsmec Gp (BOp) 
Rotunda Qtap) 

Ryman fllOp) 

Sanded Psrtons (135r 

Brown kent 
FH Group * 
Lawrence 0 
Norfolk Cap 
Pamsh (Jt) 
Siebe N/P 

(me F/P 
Cap N/P 


(Issue price in brackets) - 

Period rates tended to drift a 
Btte firmer yesterday, hi quiet 
interbank conditions. Day-to- 
day money was dominated by 
the shortage which emerged 
after the initial forecast h ad 
been for flat conditions. 



Gearing Banks 11 
Finance House 10 

Discount Market Loans % 
Overman Mfcm: 10% Low 8 
Week fixed: Wit 

Tnany (Ms (Discount %) 
Buying SeUmg 

2mran 10% 2mmn 


7 days 5%-5™r* 

3 mrah &5% 

n^iiwlMi it 

7 days 4%-4% 

3 mirth 4' , M-4*ra 
Franch Franc 
7 days 7%-7% 

3 mirth 8-7% 
7 days 8V8% 

3 mmh 4 , w4 , »ie 

cal 6%-5% 
1 mrrth 6-5% 
can 64 
imntfi 4<%-4% 

6 mmh 4%-4% 
ad 7V6% 
1 imlh 7"i*-7 B i» 
6mnth Pw-Pm 
c al . 1%-% 

1 truth 3 *w-3 ? n 
6 mmh 4'iw3 n M 
cal 5%-4% 

7 days 4 a w4 ,, i* 1 ran© 4»»4»w 
3 mmh 94% 6mnth 

2 mmh 1Q% 
3mntfi 10% 

Prime Bar* BdetpiacowitW 
1 mmh lO n wW tt n2 mmh iO^d-Kt 3 * 
3 mmh 10 2> xfl0 , '»6 ninth KP'm-IO 1 ** 


Trade «a (Discount %) 

1 mmh 1l'*» 2mrrth 1t»u 

1 mmh 11 ’*n 
3 mmh t1»3j 

$95.753695 (£67. 

$571 .SO £40390) 
-Excludes VAT 


Ovanffttopan U>X ckm ID 
1wwki0%-10% Gmnth 11%-11 a i« 

1 mmh 11-10* >a 9mnth 11%-11 j m 
3mnth 11 »jb- 11 ’m 12mth 11%-11 >m 

Load Authority Deposits (%) 
2 days 10% 7 days t 

2 days 10% 
1 mnth 10% 
6 mmh 10% 

7 days 10% 
3 mnlh 11 
12m0l 10% 

Fixed Rata Starling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average retere n ca tan for 

period Saptontter 3. 1986 to 
7. 1968 mcknhw 10355 per 

Thme Month Staritag 
Dec 86 

Mar 87 


Sep 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88 

Previous day’s lota) i 

_ 8S.09 

- 08.44 

_ 8939 

- 89.12 


interest 14133 

Lew Ctoee EstVcl 

8057 86.60 2848 

8006 89-CS 180 

8935 89J7 72 

8935 8935 64 

89.10 89-13 59 

— 8830 0 

USTronury Bond 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jur 87 


— 93-95 



Previous day's total open Merest 25756 
9403 93JS 9403 2896 

9309 9303 9309 717 

9301 93.75 9301 260 

9050 9346 9350 100 

Previous day's total opwi mta rest 58 62 ! 
98-13 95-1% 96-10 3888 

94-20 94-20 95-13 10 

— — 94-13 0 

Shari OK 
Dec 86 — 
Mar 87 — 
Jun87 — 

ZA 9656^420 

— 95-58 0 

— — 0 


DSC 86 

Mar 87 

Previous dav> total opoi tmerem 2i 
160-00 16090 160.1M lto.70 384 

NT — — 163.70 0 


FmtDetfnBS Lam PeNtnoa LaMDecheaUon Far Setdemeal 

Oct 20 OCJ 31 Jw>22 Feb 2 

Mov 3 Nov 14 Fad 5 Feb 16 

Nov 17 Nov 28 Feb 19 Mar 2 

CaB options warn taken out wx 29/10/86 Consol dai Bd Gold. FonsUtirook Group, 

Sound Diffusion. Amstrad. Pe siw ood. Barham Group. Ragian Property Trust Lucas. 

CH Barley. TSB. Comnch. A Lee. Britnti Securities. Otter Exploration. Rtey Leisure. 

imry Property Holdings, Notion JE England. Sews. Ryan SnnL. Fobei. Reetroook. 


Put Rtey Leisure. 

Put SCft Poly Peck. 



Argentina austral* 15788-15853 fnetana 

Australia doBar 2.1976-12017 SJngajxxe 

Banramrimar — 05310-05350 MMaym 

Braze crozado* 19.82-1935 Austrafea : 

Cyprus DOund 0.7250-0.7350 Canada 

fintondmarkfl — 59740-7.0140 Sweden 

Greece waonma 1 9390-185430 Norway 

Hong Kong aoUar — 1 1 .0277-1 1 9363 Denmwk 

India rupee — 18.10-1830 wesrOwmeny 

haodmar iya Switzerland 

kuwarttfinar KD 0.4135-0.4175 NemenamB ... 

Malaysia detiar 3.7O3M.7095 fiance 

Mexico peso HaO.O-1 190D Japan 

New Zealand dollar 2.7689^8020 Sy. . .. 

Saw# Arabs* rtyal 5-3040-5.3*40 BeigrunV Comm) „ 

Singapore dollar 3,0688-3.0925 HongKpnp 

South Africa rand 39172-39343 Porfigal„ 

U AEdroham — 5.18492 SoaSiT,..,-. 

‘Lloyds Bank Austin 

Rates atmptied by Baretays Bwtii HOFEX and EztaL 

_ 19450-19480 
_ 2.1845-2.1865 

- 29195-2-6215 

» 19881-19888 

- 6.W7M9525 

- 7A 100-7 A 150 

- 7.6275-7 9325 

- 2. 0280-2. 0290 

_ 1.6735-1.6745 
... 2981892928 

- 8.62004.6250 

- 16090-16090 

- 14015-14025 

- 42.10-42.15 

- 7.7990-7.7885 

- 148.70-149.00 
». 13590-136 JOO 

- 1498-1490 


Reed reaps rewards 

of ratio naliz ation 

The Daily Telegraph’s 
printing site has been sold for 
development already while 
News international has plans 
for Bouverie Street and its 
surroundings. The Daily Mail 
is likely to move to Kensing- 
ton High Street leaving scope 
for its valuable site to be 

But developers, anxious to 
supply the kind of offices 
demanded by financial 
corporations, are looking not 
only at alternative locations — 
they are intent on redevelop- 
ing buildings only 20 years old 
in the Square Mile itself. 

MEPC had good news this 
week when the City of London 
Corporation's planning 
committee gave its blessing to 
the blowing up of Lee House 
on London WalL The 1960’s 
office block was acquired with 
MEPCs purchase of the Eng- 
lish Property Corporation 
portfolio for £112.5 million 
last year. 

MEPC plans to build 
300,000 sq ft of offices on the 
site in a scheme which will be 
worth considerably more than 
the developer paid for the 
whole of the EPC portfolio. 

The agreement by the City 
Corporation to allow Lee 
House to be demolished gives 
MEPC the edge on seven or 
eight rival plans for London 
Wall in the fight to be the first 
to pick up tenants whose space 
needs are still unsatisfied. 
Unlike many of the other 
redevelopments proposed at 
London Wall, MEPC does not 
have to buy out existing 
tenants and leases which can 
be a time consuming and 
expensive exercise. 

A strategy of reorganization 
and rationalization is starting 
to pay off for Reed Inter- 
national, the paper and 
publishing group. Interim re- 
sults show pretax profits up 
57 per cent to £80.2 million 
on turnover down 5 per cent 
to £923 million. 

Comparisons are distorted 
by the treatment of the 
group's pension fund contri- 
butions. Last year, Reed de- 
cided to use its pension fund 
surplus to increase employee 
benefits and reduce its own 

This resulted in a saving 
last year of almost £14 mil- 
lion, taken in the second half. 
This year, Reed is spreading 
the benefit to the profit-ond- 
loss account across the two 
half years. If first-half results 
for last year are adjusted for 
the reduced pension contri- 
butions, group profits would 
rise by 39 per cent 

While all sections of the 
business did well in the first 
halfi British publishing and 
European paper operations 
did especially wefl. British 
publishing was one of the 
main beneficiaries of the 
rationalization programme, 
and, m addition, business 
adverting improved. 

European paper operations 
enjoyed a sustained and good 
performance from British 
mills. Demand in Britain was 
steady, but lower production 
costs, seen last year, contin- 
ued into the first half of this 

Progress in Europe for thfe 
second half, compared with 
last year, is likely to bea little 
slower, partly because last 
year was particularly buoy- 

Reed is paying for Tech- 
nical Publishing, its latest US 
acquisition, this weekend. 
The $250 million (£170 mil- 
lion) consideration will dou- 
ble group debt, but borr- 
owings will remain a modest 
29 per cent of capital em- 

ployed, and the interest cover 
wiD be above the group’s 
minimum target of 6 times. 

Profits from Technical 
Publishing will do little more 
than cover financing costs in 
the second hal£ 

Reed is expected to make 
pretax profits of £180 million 
in the full year. Yesterday's 
announcement took the share 
price to 29 Ip, up 40p, leaving 
the shares on a prospective 
multiple of 1 1 .8. Most of the 
steam has probably gone out 
of the price in the short term. 


Tesco’s move upmarket and 
into own-brand labels is com- 
ing through solidly into mar- 
gins at list Its strategy of 
putting high-quality goods 
into smart new stores — to 

made regional sales director. 
South Wales. 

South Wales. 

Textron: Mr Ron Draper 
takes over as divisional 
administration director. 

Mandarin Oriental Hotel 
Group: Mr CWm Wearwanrti 
becomes finance director. 

ASDA-MFI Group: Mr 
David Deane becomes chair- 
man. Mr Derek Hunt is made 
chief executive and deputy 
chairman. Mr Roy Boosfidd 
is appointed deputy chairman. 
Mr John Hardman becomes 
deputy chairman and manag- 
ing director. Mr Philip Baines 
is appointed company sec- 
retary. Mr Tony Gardiner is 
made managing director of 
Associated Fresh Foods. Mr 
David Graasby becomes 
group development director. 
Mr Edward Lea is appointed 
group finance director. So- 
Godfrey Messervy and Mr 
Kenneth Mortaa become non- 
executive directors from 
November 1. 


Rctafy to 5 dp mdi Four pmMeuu 

Meant Fracas Lai 
26-40 t$> Sc. Lm«m. 

Tdfftar *>4382222. 
Tb-22861. Mctmk. 

Fm 01437 8m 



Adam & Company 


Co-cpere^ Bank 

C. Horn 4 Co 

Hong Kong S Shanghai — 11.00% 

tioyds Bank — tl.OOX 

Mai Westminster 

Bank ot Scotland ™11JM% 

Reed International 
Share price n 

Oct junjul augsepoct I 
al to the AB social merely by doing more of the 

appeal to the AB social 
groups while keeping its orig- 
inal customers — seems to be 
paying off 

The figures for the half year 
to August 9 speak for them- 
selves. Group turnover was 
up by 6-6 per cent to £1.7 

Inflation was a mere 2 per 
cent, giving a volume gain of 
11 per cent, of which 6 per 
cent was attributable to new 
stores and 5 per cent to higher 
sales through the other stores. 

Pretax profit jumped by 40 
per cent to £65.4 millioa, a 
combination of higher opma- 
ting margmsand a £3 million 
increase in interest receivable 
to £8.7 million. Net margins 
rose from 3.1 per cent to'an 
impressive 4. 1 percent— still 
a long way from Sainsbury, 
whose maigins are more than 
5 per cent, but the gap is 

Four stores have been 
opened so far this year and 
another seven will be opened 
by the year-end, increasing 
the total selling area to 
432^00 square feet 

The company is also plan- 
ning to redevelop its head 
office in Cheshunt, Hertford- 
shire, bringing its scattered 
functions into a single pur- 
pose-built office at a cost of 
between £20 million and £25 
million. This is likely to take 
two years, beginning in 

The second half has begtm 
satisfactorily rather than bril- 
liantly but the chairman, Ian 
MacLaurin, is expecting a 
bumper Christmas. The mar- 
ket is looking for pretax 
profits between £150 million 
and £155 million, putting the 
shares on a fairly full prospec- 
tive multiple of 19. 


As the retailing success story 
tof the 1980s, Next's record 
speaks for itself Since 1982, 
pretax profits have septupled 
to more than £27 million. 
However, increased com- 
petition and the relative 
sophistication of its “hfe- 
styte” retailing concept is 
making it difficult to grow 

Next is meeting this chal- 
lenge in two ways. First, it is 
segmenting the retail market 
and secondly, it has gained 
retailing synergy by merging 
with Grattan. 

The 230 women’s wear 
outlets have been split into a 
cforeic Next Collection sad a 
more vibrant Next Too l 
T here are plans to divide the 
men’s chain similarly. Lin- 
gerie and shoes have been 
identified as important 
growth areas while, next au- 
tumn, op to 40 children's 
dothes shops will be taunch- 

Sales of accessories are well 
established and home fur- 
nishing is holding its ground. 
The potential for this latter 
type of retailing appears to be 
limited, given the d emand s 
on space. 

Next has the ability to 
identify a retailing concept 
while Grattan has the infor- 
mation rfarahase and admin- 
istrative systems to use these 
concepts to best advantage- 

There is considerable scope 
to revitalize home shopping 
by enhancing the presenta- 
tion and design of goods. 

Any sales increases after 
the launch of a venture 
known as the Next Home 
Shopping Offer in 1987 roll 
be genuine add-on business 
since it roll not duplicate the 
retail outlets' products. There 
are opportunities also to seg- 
ment tire catalogue market 

Next is changing its year- 
end so that it roll report 
figures for a 17-month period 
to die end of January 1988. 
However, taking a theoretical 
12-month period to the end 
of August 1987, profits 
should come oat on the right 
side of £60 million. 

The sales area by this stage 
should increase 26 percent to 
900,000 sq ft. Capital expen- 
diture win be more, than £20 

On earnings per share of 
1 6p, the shares are on a 30 per 
cent premium to the sec- 
tor.Next has not yet dis- 
appointed its fens and it does 
not look as though it will start 
doing so this year. 

NM Rothschild & Sons: 
Mir George Wang is made a 
non-executive director. 

Sterling Software Inter- 
national: Mr Bffl Zoltoer be- 
comes president 
BCE Holdings: Mr Graham 
Fainveather and Mr Robert 
UpsdeO are made non-exec- 
utive directors. 

American Life: Mr Brian 
Hamilton becomes regional 
sales director. South-east Eng- 
land. Mr John MffltMta zs 


Oa dot one day Fi nniraion Sfcflh come we wffl «how you how to: 

* imfrem your iwurvieu ut tai pwt 

* PnsM yomr CV ^aivHy 

* Imavs* jwr jab prmpttts 


01-422 7024 today! 







Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient alternative to a deposit 
account in any major currency. 

For further information ana the current prospectuses. 


f Mortgage Base Rate. 

N M RotbschjkJ Asser Management (C.I.) Limited. 
P.O. Box 242, St. Julian's Court. St. Peter Port, Guernsey 
Channel Islands. Telephone: Guernsey (0481) 26741. 


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Shares move slowly higher 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end next Tuesday. ^Contango day November 10. Settlement day November ! 7. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have only one price quoted, these are mkkfie prices, taken at 5pm. Yield, change and P/E are calculated on the mfcfcge price 

(Q Tin Nomynwu t iwwfa 


Claims required for 
+46 points 

Claimants should rinu 0254-5 

Industrials S-Z 


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Nth Ainor Tat Accun 1311 1417* *11 03B 
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Impetuosity boro of youth 
could be seen as the reason for 
Europe's plastics industry 
finding itself in rather un- 
dignified disarray in ihe late 
1970s and early 1980s. 

Plunging demand and gross 
overcapacity followed .the sec- 
ond oil crisis and, sub- 
sequently, the industry had to 
pay dearly for its earlier 
pluming and commercial 
shortco ming s. 

Today, the industry is on 
more stable footing. Much of 
tbe over-capacity that existed 
m 1980 has been removed 
painfully and expensively, al- 
though the financial margins 
being achieved remain inad- 
equate to justify major invest- 
ment in plastics, or ' in 
petrochemicals in general 

Plastics is still a relatively 
young industry. Although, 
historically, it can be traced 
bade to die I9tb century, the 
industry as we know it today 
only dates back about 50 

Materials such as poly- 
ethylene (or polythene, as it is 
often termed from the original 
IQ trademark), polystyrene 
and PVC (polyvinyl chloride) 
enjoyed steady commercial 
success in the 1960s with 
double digit growth raxes the 
norm as they replaced tra- 
ditional materials in many 
applications and created new' 
versions of old products. 
Packaging and building were 
the two key growth areas. 

Buoyed by this success, 
Europe's chemical companies 
embarked on wide-ranging 
investment programmes for 
petrochemicals, of which plas- 
tics was only a part. 

With growth rates of at least 
10 per cent in Europe seem- 
ingly assured, plus the poten- 
tial for deep sea exports, 
plants sprang up in most 
countries. Indeed, there were 
worries at the time whether 
industry would be able to 
meet future demand. 

Sadly, planning and com- 
mercial implementation of 
strategies proved distinctly 

r/ / 



about slackening growth rates 
were bong voiced from the 
mid-1970s, they were not 
widely heeded and the jugger- 
naut of over-in vest m e nt took 
time to come to a halt. 

the industry 

man giants who have certainly 
not been prominent, it would 
seem, in cutting bade on 

Under the leadership of ™ uwioo, ^ 

ii irT w ®«ny wwW agree, that tbe 

John Harvey-Jones, IQ has 
been in tbe front of tbe 
restructuring process. Initially 

plastics industry’s problems 
have stemmed not from a lack 
of innovation, but inadequate 

it arranged a swap deal with 

BP Chemicals where IQ took business strategies. 

over an the PVC interests of Certainly the industry is 

the two firms and BP acquired 
virtually afl of ICTs poly- 

alive with ideas and develop- 
ments geared to the future. 

ethylene business, a maiw iai with significant growth poten- 
the company had initially rial seen m the automotive 
invented and commercialized, market, in pack a gin g, dec- 
Subsequently, IQ has en- tronics, telecommunications 
tered into a deal with the and business machinery. 
Italian firm Enichem whereby To help in future growth, 
the resources of their two PVC marry prominent plastics pro- 
businesses are combined into cessing companies have in- 
a single marketing concern, vested in new plant and 

Boon for car designers 

Tbe amount of plastics used in 
a car is put at around 1761b. 
Some cars use more: the Audi 
100 incorporates' nearly 3201b, 
the Citroen BX at least 1981b. 

Now tbe plastics industry is 
seeking to nse the material 
more widely for body panels 
and nnder-the-bounet 

Vehicle interiors are pretty 
well saturated with plastics, 
ranging from methane foam 
with nylon upholstery for seat- 
ing to instrument cowls, door 
handles, Etsdas, lock mecha- 
nisms and roof finings. 

The virtues of plastics in 
these applications include 
lightness, corrosion-resis- 
tance, seif colonring, textur- 
ing, paintability, economy to 
nse and the ability to produce 
complex shapes in one 

As car designers become 
more aware .of roe benefits of 
plastics they are switching a to 
designing to the material in- 
stead of merely adopting a 
metal replacement approach. 

The rapid acceptance of 
plastics by die motor industry 
says for the inherent 

virtues of tbe material. Once 
proven, it often sweeps the 
board. Nylon radiator header 
tanks and polypropylene air- 
cleaner housings are good 

A common link today is a 
need for higher temperature 
performance and inherent 
strength. Thus, there are 
mores towards what are often 

termed the engineering plas- 
tics; higher cost materials but 
still able to prorate economic 
attractiveness to motor com- 
panies because of their ability 
to be processed quickly, to 
offer the potential for parts 
consolidation, to main t ain 
dimensi onal tolerance and to 
eliminate finishing operatfons- 

Compared to steel and cast 

iron, engineering plastics can 
be energy savers to production 
and problem solvers to parts 
design and —riutot . 

. One good example of co- 
operation between materials 
supplier fend car manufacturer 
is the Rover 800. A two-year 
co-ordination and develop- 
ment programme between the 
Austin Rover Group and 
Bayer, the West German en- 
gineering plastics specialist, 
saw its fulfillment to the Rover 
800 incorporating 751b of 
Bayer’s materials to 25 dif- 
ferent applications. 

At tiie end of the day, it 
probably does not matter to 
ARG that the front and rear 
hampers and spoBers for the 



Rover 800 are moulded to an 
elastomer-mod iHed 
polybutylene terepbthalate 
(Bayer’s Pocan S 1506). What 
is of importance is that they 
havea high-impact re sis ta nce , 
withstand tbe high oven tem- 
peratures used for the on-line 
body top coat paint process, 
axe visually attractive and add 
to tbe car's performance. 

Current e xp erimen t a l work 
in Esrope and the US points to 
future cars befog constructed 
of a metal base frame or 
skeletal st r u ct ur e capable of 
meeting all necessary strength 
requirements with the various 
body panels being of the bang- 
on variety. Because of varying 
temperature requirements for 
body panels, these can be sub- 
divided into horizontal or 
vertical panels. 

For horizontal panels there 
is a prime req u i r e men t - to 
maintain a hi gh degree of 
shape integrity sfoce the bon- 
net, boot lid and roof are 

P tactirc and mhhwt^ XB the IwO tErfl BnBriBBlinQ TTKZEriatS Of tt>B fufalfB. Already 

B»se materials are being used tor appfeanons inmagnme tut years ago and 
material producers are capable now ot designing a grade ot produtt fa r 8 specific 
application. We have no doiat mat 

replace more traditional engjtuenng macerate , tfte to thar faab*y a nd eas e ol 
fata ra tio n- Afl of wriicti ensures the pastes and lutiber industries otter excang 
cseer prospects tor engineers. 

the Plastics ni ftatawr Institute is the professional body tor ajjflwewofWng with 
these materials. Its meretuntup comprises engmews. saenfe ts. bigness 
fna n aj g r*, teactas. tednnns and studttts. We otter our memtws ®e Mowng 

- k*mB^^t«ii(^tsg(havapiMc^ons,senvn 3 ^,m}dcofhniK^ 

- Contacts with local industry via tocameamgs 

- Exammamns leafing to professional qualificatio ns 

- /manfcraoiflnismo innovation aMWMtaSa^^ 

Also. Tbe Plastics and Rutter institute is about to gain S^lneem g Counci 
recognition and wi sfrorfly be ttfe to «nnl Chartered Engtowtug and Tednfcnn 
Engineer qualifications. Hf . 

Our future tim in polynieis-doesyouts? 

Tbe Rover 800 makes extensive nse of Bayer engineering 
thermoplastics and, right, a helicopter blade made from a 
glass fibre reinforced plastic by BASF to the United States 

fallible, if not inadequate, known as the European Vinyls 
Although words of caution .Corporation. 

*** . 

However, more of these 
restructuring initiatives axe 
needed if tbe European plas- 
tics industry k to operate m>m 
a position of strength. 

Speaking last month u> the 

All chemical companies European Petrochemical As- 

th t3 ly sociation (EFCA), Tom Hut- 
part of this decade as earlier cirfsot. JCTs main board 

arms were wiped from the directs with responsfoOittes 

rP’w :- .. for continental Europe, noted 

Rationalization was the there was now a “mod- ■ 

toizz-woni as fi rms reshaped yel rising sense of op _ 

their busmess strategies, at- timism regarding the future of 
though some wffl argne today ^ mdustiyin Western 
that further efforts in this Europe" * 

factors contributing to this 
perhaps eyeing the West Ger- mn _, „f ti- 

the industry in Western 

Factors contributing to this 
more sanguine view of the 
industiy's prospects include 
lower oil prices, improving 
economic growth prospects, a 
declining threat from Middle 
East petrodiemical develop- 
ments, rationalization and a 
greater sense of economic 
realism within the industry. 

Mr Hutchison believes, and 

equipment for updating prod- 
uction operations so they are 
now equipped to meet tbe 
exacting requirements of com- 
panies such as Font, IBM and 
Philips who source supplies 
from around the world but 
want to retain product uni- 

Robotized production is 
penetrating plastics conver- 
sion just as it has car assembly 
plants. Gone are tbe days of 
one operator for each ma- 
chine. Labour has been de- 
ployed to greater purpose, the 
microchip has led to infinit ely 
better production manage- 

ment in addition to improved 
machine controL 

Today it is possible to carry 
out mould/tool changes fully 
automatically in less than one 
minute compared with at least 
two manual hours just a few 
years ago. 

Depending somewhat on 
classification, Europe’s plas- 
tics and resin market accounts 
for 20 million tonnes of 
material, although Europe's 
producers manufac ture some 
25 million innnpg 

By for the largest share of 
European consumption, 12.5 
million tonnes, is a<y pnniw i 

for by the commodity plastics 
— the five bulk thermoplastics, 
low and high density poly- 
ethylene, polypropylene, PVC 
and polystyrene. Consump- 
tion for these materials rose by 
4 per cent in 1985, with the 
level of 1 per cent above GNP 
being seen as the standard to 
the end of this decade. 

Tbe PVC market has been 
decidely sluggish across Eur- 
ope for several years, the 
building industry in most 
countries bang a severely 
depressive influence. 

Polyethylene outlets con- 
tinue to improve but with 75 

highly viable areas that will 
quickly shew any defects. 

Vertical panels such as front 
and rear wings and door 
panels have a degree of intrin- 
sic stiffness because of their 
shape, though stiD requiring 
short-term stability to high 

Glass reinforced polyester 
(the toyman's Fibreglass) in 
tbe form of a hot press 
- moulded sheet nouldfog com- 
pound (SMC) has excellent 
possibilities for bonnets and 
boot lads. Already it has been 
proved on the Citroen BX 
bounetand tailgate, the latter 
to tbe form of a special hmg 
glass fibre injection moulding 
compound (ZMC) developed 
by two French companies. 

Engineering thermoplastics 
such as nylon and poly- 
carbonate can meet vertical 
body panel criteria. Such 
materials are easily injection 
moulded, but other contend- 
ers, such as reaction injection 
moulded (RIM) poly- 
urethanes, with and without 
some form of glass reinforce- 
ment, have yet to meet foil 
scale plastics production 

Also, there are other con- 
cepts, such as sandwich 
mo aiding of polypropylene to 
which a foamed cue material 
is encapsulated to a solid 
exterior grade of the same 
resin in a one-shot process. 

Tbe 01-foted De Lorean 
gnO-wtoged car was an ex- 
cellent example of plastics 
technology bong used to an 
innovative manner. Utilizing 
know-how licensed from Lotos 
Cars, the De Lorean resin- 
based composite body struc- 
ture was produced to two 
halves at up to 85 units a day. 

Under-the-bonnet plastics 
composents will be expected to 
perform under conditions of 
sustained load and high tem- 
peratures. That the materials 
are available to achieve this 
performance standard has al- 
ready been proved to the US 
where the virtually aO-plastks 
engine bmlt by Polimotor 
showed a 60 per cent weight 
saving over a conventional 
engine and proved saffiriendy 
robust to be used to perfor- 
mance car races. 

Even if tbe economics of 
switching to plastics engines 
were right, whkh they are not, 
there would inevitably be cau- 
tion in moving away from 
metaL However, certain plas- 
tics parts do look of interest. 

Polymeric valve springs 
would allow faster revving 
engines, potyinude backet tap- 
pets contribute to increased 
engine efficiency. Also, al- 
ready some of the more exotic 
high temperature thermoplas- 
tics such as potyethersulphone 
and polyphenylene sulphide 
have proved thar worth for 
use as bearings and thrust 
washers, taking advantage of 
properties snch as low wear 
and friction plus good chemi- 
cal resistance. 1 


By Tim Tunbridge, Editor of European Plastics News 

Leading the restructuring process: John Harvey-Jones of 

and, right. 

raring process: , 
Rav Know land 

of BP Chemicals 

per cent of low density ma- 
terial consumption being in 
film applications, it could be 
argued that the industry has 
made life particularly difficult 
for itself by bringing into the 
market a new variant to linear 
low density (linear referring to 
the structure) which has al- 
lowed many film applications 
to be downgauged by up to 50 

per ceoL 

The shining star in this 
commodity firmament is 
polypropylene, which has en- 
joyed a 10 per cent growth in 
each of the last three years and 
now has a market of two 
million tonnes. 

Polypropylene (PP) has 
substantial markets in film 
and fibre applications (every- 
thing from strapping to carpel 
backing) and is finding many 
new moulding applications 
ranging from car bumpers to 
the latest squeezy tornaio 
ketchup bottles. 

It has been the commodity 
plastics business which has 
been of great concern to 
European producers. Even 
with the rationalization that 
has taken place (which was a 
much more difficult process 
than in the US, for example, 
because of the more complex 
integration of plants that has 
existed in Europe), the output 
of the industry had a value in 
1985 of DM 1 00 billion. 

This contributes signifi- 
cantly to tbe trade balance in 
Europe and gives direct 
employment to some 200,000 

In addition, there is (he 
plastics * processing industry. 
BaSF, Hoechst and Chem- 
isette Werfce Huis, are three of 
the largest commodity plastics 
companies, while Bayer is 
probably Europe's leader in 
engineering plastics. 

Companies from West Ger- 
many are becoming increas- 
ingly prominent in world 
process machinery markets, as 
well as having a dominant 
position in Europe. 

It is therefore appropriate 
thax the world's largcsa-ever 
plastics exhibition takes place 
in Dtisseldorf from November 
6- 1 3. K'86, as tbe fair is called, 
occupies all 16 halls of the 
DusseJdorf site with 1.700 
exhibitors from 40 countries 
covering 115,000 square me- 
tres of stand space. 

More than 200,000 visitots 
are expected during the eight- 
day show, with 50 per cent 
coming from outside West 
Germany. 1 

Although inevitably some- 
what introspective, K'86 win 

Largest-ever - 
plastics show 

also illustrate how plastics 
(and rubbers) are set to occupy 
an ever more prominent post- 
ilion in our everyday lives. 
The days of the non-water- 
proof plastic mac arc long 
since gone, although, sadly, 
that image still lingers in many 

Rather the public, if not 
knowing their polystyrene 
from the polyurethane, ought 
to appreciate how plastics are 
making their cars safer and 
more economic, their appli : 
antes and consumer durables 
tougher, lighter, more com- 
pact and cheaper, their 
communications more instant 
and international, and the 
quality of life that much better 
than if reliant upon traditional 

N A 

mM M 



j nr; 





The \H! 

for high 
plastics in \ 

engineering is only 
as limited as our 
own imagination. 
Already ICI high 
performance plastics 
are specified for the 
fuel system of the 
Tornado aircraft, and 
the demonstrator 
ta/lplane of the new 
Westland 30-300 
helicoptei They are 
to be found in 
medical laboratories, 
operating theatres, 
satellites, electronic 
components and a 
wide range of 
engineering uses in all 
major European cars. 
Plastics so advanced 
they can directly 
replace metal 
components in car 
engines, and transform 
engine efficiency. 
Wherever there is a 
materials problem our 
scientists and 
technologists are 
always ready to help 
with an advanced 
plastics solution. 

A'solution that can 
^ create a lighter, 

§5K more durable 
I pBh- more efficient 
Hk and more 

e ff ect ' we 

pr A solution which 
in many cases just 
cannot be achieved 
with any other 

If you have a problem 
you'd like us to think 
about just call. Wfe'll 
help you to get it off 
the ground. 

Imperial Chemical 
Industries pic, PO Box 6, 
Welwyn Garden City, 
Herts AL71HD. 

Tel: (0707) 323400 


As from today, the action for fluorochemical specialties is at 
Spinetta Marengo - just an hour's drive from Milan's Linate 
Airport. Here Montefluos has built a new chemical complex to 
satisfy world demand. From here it plans to meet the requirements 
of electronics,automotive, aerospace , telecom, nuclear and related 
fast-moving industries . Montefluos's current 
successes in the fluorochemical 
field have led the company to 
invest over $ 60 million in this 
new venture . 

It is a question of thinking big, 
building for the future and using 
all of the company's human and 
technical resources. 

It was the same resources that 
made and maintained Montefluos 
a world leader in this field. From 
now on such brands as Fomblin, 

Tecnoflon and Algoflon will be 
produced at Spinetta Marengo. 

This large and fully integrated 
complex has been designed around 
highly sophisticated proprietary 
technologies to provide maximum flexibility. 

Spinetta Marengo is the biggest and most up-to-date European 
fluorochemical production centre and is fully equipped to meet all 
of the needs of end-users worldwide. 


A new Algoflon production unit comes on stream shortly 
having an initial capacity of over 4.000 tonnes p.a. 

In addition to existing products, the new unit will supply new 
types of PTFE (including coagulated Algoflon DFC powders for 
the production of cable sheaths and piping , aqueous dispersions, 
filled powders and thermo -processable fluoroplastomers). The new 
Algoflon range is an end-user's dream: more extensive applica- 
tions, higher productivity, lower processing costs giving equal or 
better quality end-products. 


Fomblin: a perfluorinated fluid having outstanding properties 
matching the increasingly sophisticated needs of advanced 
technologies in industries such as electronics, aerospace and 


Fomblin is a leading product in 
the technologically advanced eco- 
nomies of the US, Japan and 
Western Europe . 

This product was specifically 
created to exceed the tight specifi- 
cations of end-users . 

Thanks to its new production 
facility, Montefluos can now 
meet the ever-increasing 
demands both in quantities and 
new types. 

The Spinetta Marengo facility, 
in conjunction with the estab- 
lished fluoropolymer plants, 
including the new production 
unit at Chiba (Tokyo), will serve the global market. 



At Spinetta Marengo, Montefluos has concentrated a team of 
400 specialists all deeply involved in product research and appli- 
cations. The team is equipped with the most modem and sophisti- 
cated systems for analysis, polymerization and simulation of even 
the most severe end-use conditions. 

Montefluos teams have one objective in view: to improve perfor- 
mance and cost-effectiveness . 

Spinetta Marengo, Alessandria, Italy, is where all the new 
action is as far as fluoropolymers are concerned. And from there, 
reaching out worldwide. The message is that if you are using or* 
planning to use fluoropolymers, the name is Montefluos and the 
place is Spinetta Marengo . 

The Fluoropolymer Valley. 


Tecnoflon is already a highly successful fluoroelastomer and 
has an even more exciting future. The new Tecnoflon production 
facility will come on stream with an initial capacity of 2.000 
tonnes p.a. It is a complete cycle facility ranging from polymeriza- 
tion to finishing with the built-in option of multiple production 
runs. In addition to producing established products with an ever 
widening range, emphasis will be placed on new peroxide curable 
types. Flowability, speed of cure, easy mould release, low compres- 
sion set and improved thermal and chemical resistance, these are 
the properly combinations which have made Tecnoflon such a 
success today and which will be developed further in response to 
continuous industry feedback. 


nusimoriT compo n.v. group 



Vw Pnnope Eugenio 1/5 
20155 (Jtaty) -TaMphom: 

(02) 63351 'CMW MONTEFLUOS Ml 
Telex: 310679 MOOTED I PER 



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PET collars 
the food and 
drink trade 

The packaging market ac- 
counts for at least 25 percent 
of plastics consumption in all 
European countries. In many 
usage is put at around 33 
per cent, or one third of per 
capita demand. 

.Despite the entrenchment 
01 plastics in the packag in g 
sector, many new develop- 
ments are now coming to the 
marketplace which will re- 
inforce their position in 
comparison with traditional 

paper and board. 

In addition, the majority of 
wen-proven applications con- 
tinue to grow, though mod- 
estly in most instances. 

. Each European country has 
its standard uses for plastics 
and packaging, but there are 
notable variations. For exam- 
ple, the use of PVC bonks in 
France has always been higher 
than elsewhere because of the 
nation's devotion to wine and 
bottled waters. 

The UK. by cont rast, saw 
the boom in the PET bottle for 
carbonated drinks, following 
its big success m the US. 

In just a few years the 
market for bottles made from 
PET, or polyethylene tere- 
phthalate to give it its correct 
desig n a t ion, has grown to 700 
million in the UK. This 1985 
figure was up from 570 mil- 
lion in 1984 in 12 months 

plastic packaging 

which saw the one- and two- 
litre sizes grow in consump- 
tion terms by 30 per cent 

Growth of at least SO per 
cent in the market is expected 
by the end of this decade. 

Improved processing tech- 
nology and material grades 
have made PET, since 1979, 
the fastest-growing plastic for 
packaging applications of aD 
time. The key to this growth 
has been m the exploitation of 
its unique set of properties. 

These indude: high-impact 
strength at tight weight, with 
resistance to stress cracking 

extremely good barrier prop- 
erties, with almost complete 
food-packaging approval; 
exceptional clarity and 
aesthetics; excellent chemical 
resistance; high purity; ex-' 
treme organoleotic 

The PET bottle is primarily 
used for carbonated drinks in 
both Europe and the US. It 
has contributed to significant 
growth in the soft drinks 
market and now is being used 
for packaging wines, beer, 
cider, spirits and wat&s. The 
UK take-home beer trade has 
already been penetrated to a 
level of 18 per cent by PET 

The success of wine in PET 
bottles for airlines has led to 
wine-packaging growth in It- 
aly. Spain and France; while 
some German wine producers 
use the material for export 

Sizes may range from a five- 
litre bottle in Italy down u> a 
175ml container for in-flight 
use: In continental Europe too 
the UK lead with packaging of 
edible oils in PET has been 
followed in Belgium, France; 
and Switzerland. Fur- 
growth is expected at tin: 
rad of the market 
How-moulding of PET 
is not limited to bottles, fat the 
US, five-gallon beer spheres 
are m«A» in the material, 
while in the UK. a five-gallon 
chemical container was 
launched earlier tins year. 

Also, particularly m Japan, 
there have been prov en uses of 
wide-mouthed PET jars and 
tubs for powdered products 
such - as dairy creamers, 
spreads, dressings, preserves 

top ent 

! just started : 

Pac Plastics Mouldii 
producing wide-mouthed! 
jars for the Innoxa Natural 
Choice range of ski n crea ms. 

The versatility of PET— the 
material is used in a range of 
packaging and notH Mclra gj ng 
film applications as weO as for 
blow-moulded bottles and 
containers — is drown by the 
introduction of heat-formed 

(therm ofo rmed) trays pro- 
duc ed-fro m extruded crystal- 
line PET sheet. 

These trays are -being 1 
adopted fir foe last-expanding 
drilled food market where 
they .can be used directly -in 
microwave^ as well as con- 
ventional ovens. Pr oduc ts are 
usually sealed with PET Hm. 

In the UK, IQ (Europe's 
leading supplier of PET resin, 
trade-named Melinar) is 
supplying the-Asda food' store 
chain directly from its re- 
cently-installed . development 
fine. Other companies, such as 
Waddington Plastona ' and 
BXL Plastics, are also heavily 

Crisps help to 
boost demand . 

involved in this area, as is 
Metal Box which has devel- 
oped its own six-layer sheet 
product based on 
propylene which is 
ttticrowaveable and retortable. 

is in feet a 
materi al proving to 
have tremendous versatility in 

tions. In oriented film form 
(OTP) the market went up to 
43,000 tonnes ih the UK last 
year. Virtually all of tins 
growth, as in previous years, 
came from OPPs replacement 
of the cellulose fibn market. 

Engineering plastics can be 
described as a special group of 
materials that combine 
strength, stillness, heal resis- 
tance and toughness to per- 
form as well, or better than, 
metals in demanding mechan- 
ical applications. 

The five major materials in 
the marketplace, all thermo- 
plastics, are the nylons, 
acetals, thermoplastic poly- 
esters, polycarbonate mid 
modified polyphenylene erode 
compositions, though mater- 
ials such as ABS (acrylonitrile 
butadiene styrene) and filled 
grades of polypropylene do 
meet some of the application 

In addition, there is a range 
of more exotic, more expen- 
sive polymers characterized 
by their ability to mai n tain 
performance levels at higher 
operating temperatures. 

In the mid-1960s, engineer- 
ing thermoplastics had re- 
placed only 2 per cent of 
metals and applications where 
they were technically suited. 

By 1980, this penetration had 
increased to 8 per cent and by 
the year MOO, Du Pont, a 
world leader in the supply of 
these materials, believes that 
20 or even 30 per cent of this 
metal replacement opportu- 
nity will have been achieved. 

Market breakdown for en- 
gineering thermoplastics in 
Europe is considered to be 
electronic (36 per cent), auto- 
motive (23 per cent), building 
(9 per cent), packaging (5 per 
cent) and miscellaneous (27 
per cent). Up to 1990 this 
picture is not expected to 
rhang e dramatically, though 
the automotive share is likely 
to grow to at least 25 per cent. 

The market analyst Frost & 

Sullivan believes the Euro- 
pean market this year will be 
valued at $2.72 billion, rising 
to nearly $3.6 billion by 1990. 

On a weight basis, gams will 
average 4.4 per cent, from 
almost 920,000 tonnes to 
952,000 tonnes in. 1986 and 
more than 1.1 billion tonnes 
by 1990. In the period 1984- 
1990, the automotive market 
will have accounted for more 
than 100,000 tonnes of tile 
market’s increase: 

In the view of Do Pont, 
suppliers of engineering 
thermoplastics still have to 
make considerable effort in 
terms of general education 
and design data. The company mgfoday. 
sees many “metal bashers” The er 

bikes are 
a future 

excess of 10,000 tonnes by 
199ft .. . 

While an aB-ptetics bike is 
unlikely, re-creation of the 
current cycle would allow 30- 
40 per cent ofthe parts to be in 
plastics, with additional bene- 
fits in terms of minimum 
maintenance and fashion styl- 
ing. Tbe plastics wheel as used 
on tbe BMX bike, for exam- 
ple, offers better performance 
than its metal counterpart, 
especially where rough han- 
dling takes place. 

The trend in bikes is also 
likely to move into motor 
cycles, in a very si g nific ant 
way. " 

Despite the potential in tbe 
an to sector, tbe etectrical/eleo- 
tronks market is Kk ety to 
remain the most Important 
market in the foreseeable fu- 
ture. Companies such as Bayer 
see continued. growth in the 
business machine area. 

New composites 
have an exciting 
future in the 
aerospace world 

particularly in laser recorder 
data transmission for prod- 
ucts such as storage systems, 
satellite antennae and key 
tops. „ . 

In the market for business 
machine housings, as in many 
others, tbe choice of pl as tic s, 
and what type of plastics, very 
much relates to the cost of the 
finished product, not just the 
cost ofthe basic raw material. 

The polycarbonate compact 
disc was a completely new use 
and, despite ah the growth and 
potential seen for engineering 
thermoplastics, there are not 

sees many “metal ___ 
still in positions of powerful 
authority among its cus- 
tomers, though foe position is 
gradually changing. 

Although the name of the 
game with the car industry is 
always cost effectiveness, with 
designers wanting better 
performance at the same “or 
lower" cost, the outlook for 
plastics in foe automotive 
market is seen as more pos- 
itive than -at any time in foe 
last 10 years. 

Other forms of transport 
also are becoming increasingly 
attractive; foe bicycle market 
today accounts for around 
5,000 tonnes of engineering 
plastics in Europe and this 
could quite easily grow to in 

enormous market in- 
crease for engineering plastics 
will not be achieved by the 
introduction offoe new won- 
der resins. Certainly, some of 
the newer polymers, such as 
those based on polysulphone 
chemistry, have an exciting 
future, but the real growth wfil 
materialize from the improve- 
ment of existing plastics. This 
wifi be achieved by compos- 
ites, blends and alloys. 

A second area undergoing 
development effort, and 
where plastics are seen to rave 
an exciting future, is m high 

temperature composites based 
on new resign systems. The 
aerospace industry has been 
using the epoxide 
resm/fcarboo fibre composite 

for some 20 years and the 
market is considered to have 
grown by 20 per cent a year for 
foe last lOyears. 

However, this type of 
composite based on a thermo- 
setting (non-melting once 
cured), resin is sera to have 
imitations in the long term, 
providing scope for new 
thennoplasiic resins, such as 
l£Fs Vtcteex PEEK or poly- 

Compared with traditional 
thennoset composites, KTs 
APC-2 composite based on 
PEEK (32 . per cent) and 
carbon fibre (68 per cent) 
offers improved fracture 
toughness and damage tol- 
erance performance. Accord- 
ing to ICl, this composite is 
regarded as the thermoplastic 
benchmark for foe aerospace 

The aerospace industry , is 
said to be m creasingl y favour- 
able in its opinion of AFC-2, 
and -Id says demonstrator 
parts 'such: ’as a taitptane' 
section tor Westland heli- 
copters, wOl shortly be in use. 

Already Id, and its comp- 
etitois, -are working on the 
next generation ofhigber tem- 
br higfa- 
wbere leading- 
components have to 
continuous use 
temperatures of 170°C 
■ Also, there is considerable 
R & D effort being focused on 
foe interface chemistry be- 
tween the two constituents 
(resin and. carbon fibre) to 
ensure the correct interaction 
and a high level of impregna- 
tion offoe reinforcement by 
foepotymer matrix. 

. Tbe - market for advanced 
co mp o si tes is forecast to 
achieve a 15 per cent annual 
growth rate for the next 10 
years. .Worldwide, the busi- 
ness is considered lobe worth 
in excess of $1 billion of 
which 80 per cent has been in 
foe US, 

Tbe centre of activity has 
been the aircraft/aerospace 
sector where advanced- comp- 
osites have con trued to replace 
p rimary and -secondary metal . 
struc tur es ranging from nose 
cooes and wing components 
to engine parts- mid interior 
construction components. 

Tbe key to growth has been 
foe btgh strength-to-weight ra- 
tio ofthe composite structures 
which provide for weight 
reductions, which in turn 
furnish “fad savings, plus in- 
creased range and manoeuvr- 
ability of aircraft and missile. 
Currently, the market is seen 
to be 80 per cent in 
aircraft/aerospace, with most 
of the remaining 20 per cem 
accounted for by sporting 
goods. ‘ 

In Eurape, a new associ- 
ation has been established to 
further foe cause of advanced 
resin-based composites. The 
European Trade Association 
of Advanced Composite 
Materials Suppliers (ETAC) is 
suftjorted by -80 member com- 
panies, mcfiM&ig the leading 
manufacturers of resins and 
fibres, fibre convertors and 
pre-impregnated materials 

p C:» 

. This substitution took a big 
. leap forward .when crisps and 
other snack foods moved into 
OPP-and the tread has eontin- 
ned. However, last year there 
was particularly noticeable 
growth too in foe use of 
. peariized OPP films for 
confectionery' to replace 
packaging papers; -foe switch 
ofthe Mars bar from gtassine 
paper was a major coop. 

In injection moulded form, 
foe polypropylene paint tub is 
proving to be a mayor success 
story for emulsionrtype 
paints. Material develop- 
ments are Kkelyto see PP tubs 
being used for solvent- 
coQtaining products in tire not 
too distant future. 

One such has been hijfo- 
lighted in recent months by 
foe success of polypropylene 
bottles incorporating a barrier 
plastic (ethylene vinyl alcohol, 
EVOH) for -squeezy packs of 
tomato ketchups, mustards 
and jams; more outlets where 
glass containers wifi find it 
impossible to stop a major 
market share being taken 
away by plastics. 

Blo«Mnoulding is a process 
that has grown in potential 
significantly since ft was first 
introduced in the packaging 
market for production of 
squeezy bottles for washing- 
up liquids. Progression saw 
the technique -grow until it is 
now used for containers and 

Saucy boy: Heinz chose a 
polypropylene-based bottle 
by Metal Box for its 
ketchup, and American- 
owned General Electric 
Plastics is turning out 
compact discs Gelt) in 
Cheshire. For Coca Cola, 
and many other food and 
drink manufacturers, things 
go down well with PET 
recyclable cans, a joint 
venture between Metal Box 
and PLM of Malmo. BXL’s 
Yorkshire factory has a film 
tine making packaging for 
oxygen-sensitive foods 

ing of meat, fish, fresh pasta 
and fruit and vegetables. Here, 
the produce is packed in a 
deep-drawn tub sealed with a 
permeable film. 

Correct selection offoe film 
thickness - foe film usually 
being of low density poly- 
ethylene (LJDPE) or PVC — 
ensures that the atmosphere in 
foe pack reaches an equilib- 
rium high in carbon dioxide 
and low in oxygen. This more 
inert environment slows down 
ripening and decomposition. 

Many packaging applica- 
tions require only a simple 
film product In foe UK alone 
last year, packaging, in its 
broadest sense, accounted for 
close to 400,000 tonnes of low 
density polyethylene 



industrial drums up to 50- 
gallon capacity. 

Further potential is being 
exploited from the technique 
as it is being shown viable for 
the manufacture of containers 
comprisiiK up to six layers of 
material Such a construction 
could indude a high-barrier 
material such as EVOH or 
acrylonitrile, adhesive or tie 
layers to ensure bonding be- 
tween the different constit- 
uents and even a layer 
comprised of regrind material 
from the scrap (tops and tails) 
from earlier production nuts. 

At next month's K*86 ex- 
hibition in Dusaddor£ the 

German company Kropp 
Kauiex will be demonstrating 
the production of a six-layer, 
10-litre container. Also 
hi g hli ghting a similar process 
for packs in up to six layers 
wDl be US company Umloy, 
which has a sister company, 
Gomec, in Italy. These multi- 
layer packs can be used for 
many diverse products, 
including food, chemicals, 
medical goods and cosmetics, c 
They highlight how plastics 
technology is advancing rap- 
idly in certain quarters, 
presenting a further compet- 
itive challenge to the likes of 
the tin can and glass jar. 

Many packaging develop- 
ments are hastened by the 
need to establish products that 
meet the changing lifestyle of 
the consumer. The shopper 
today demands fresher and 
more convenient foods which 
often goes hand-in-hand with 
stronger but lighter packaging 
for consumer goods. 

Bag-in-the-box packaging of 
liquids is one example. This 
application uses a plastics 
film, often nylon, laminated 
or co-extruded with a metal- 
iked foil. 

Attention has also been 
focused on the growth of 
modified-atmosphere packag- 

lndividua! markets fluc- 
tuate but new outlets still 
appear. In 1985 there was 
substantial growth in stretch 
film for pallet-wrapping, an 
application for which LLDPE 
is ideally suited. 

Increasingly, films are being 
tailored to meet specific 
application requirements. 
This, can be achieved by using 
polyethylene mixtures or. 
more sophisiicatcdly. by 
producing film co-extrusions 
based on the low and high 
density polyetbylenes. 

To tbe end-consumer it 
matters little, but in practice 
there will be a better film 
product, tailored to meet foe 
application requirements, 
based on optimum utilization 
of the film's thickness (or 
gauge) and often leading to 
cheaper, more competitive 

If there were any doubts 
that plastics do not meet that 
criteria they are surely refuted 
by foe way manufacturers of 
glass, metals, paper and board 
are cutting back their produc- 
tion operations, while usually 
being forced to raise prices. 

There goes another good ideW^ 

With GE Plastics as a development partner new 
ideas get into trie market place fasten 

And not just in trie auto industry, where trie ali- 
ptaslic car is just around the oomec 

Our innovations cover virtually every European 
industry, from business machines and electrical 
to packaging and environmental engineering, an 

developed in association with the forward 
thinkers in their industries. 

Ifyouareatthe idea stage and want direct input 
on how GEFs engineering thermoplastics can add 
value toyour product performance and productivity 
call Martin Thatcher, our UK Technical Marketing 
Manager; on 0925 811522. 

4 -* * 
• _ .» 


GE Plastics Limited. 

RisJey Wfarringfon Cheshire WA3 6DA 
1 Telephone. 0925 811522 
Tetex, 628282 

XENOY® I LOMOD® resins 

General Electric Plastics Europe, 

P.O. Box 717. 

4600 AC Bergen-op-Zoom Holland. 
Telephone: OlO 31 1640 32911 
Telex, 76421. 









U nemployment coniin. 


JJSJ* remain unfilled 

Piidrus. oSl a Lp re ,n st,,taWe ap- 

*is » ihar£L, of lhe reasons for 
9naline^ l r S? ,e 110515 require the 

TradiUonaS? ? a m £Il home - 
ESI and Ute* CI1 , y economic Pro£ 

together with th 11 ^ 16 worirf *°ree, 

lance of ,ncre asing reluc- 

ted m an .^? toya ? 10 move, has 
tbe 2l! Pames lo Question 
prob r£ rc ^2 nd to ^is 
«omSeslr,h m ^ e , J successful 
t * lat offer £J£ ,S ^ dd *« ^ose 
fiuanriaj^JSr 1 ^ ■» "*11 as 
w help their 

'r&x&r** - 


a^soiukI relocation policy can 

Steps— a= 

poKeT ®”y company 

- new aw. rT ” “«»«** 
nojirv ■I os * s ' kke any company 

*»alvsia ,l <5 nS fc te based on M 
sS?* °f the needs to be 

SSnhii? °(j ,ie firsi steps 

5TOa W therefore be to determine 

the objectives of the policy,, and 
how it will apply to current 
employees and those newly 

Companies cite children's 
schooling as the most frequent 
reason for resistance to moves by 
employees, according to a recent 
survey of leading UK companies' 
relocation policies conducted for 
Merrill Lynch Relocation 
Management International Ltd- 
Career distruption of a working 
spouse was mentioned almost as 

The importance of these two 
major “lifestyle’* issues confirms 
the need for assistance beyond 
traditional financial incentives for 
relocating staff. When these issues 
are left unanswered, resistance to 
moving increases- One in five 
companies interviewed for 
MLRMPs research said that the 
level of resistance to moving had 
increased during the past year. 
Banks and financial institutions 
reported significantly higher levels 
of resistance than other business 

Once an effective and efficiently 
administered policy has been set 


must consider 

their employees’ 

reluctance to 

take up certain 

posts says 

Nicholas Troilo 

up. it is important that current 
personnel and potential employ- 
ees are clearly informed of the 
assistance available. Prompt and 
full answers to questions will 
determine the willingness of 
employees and job applicants to 
move. Increasing a candidate’s 
understanding of the policies, 
programmes and benefits avail- 
able is a vital component of 
recruitment when a move is 

involved, h helps minimize the 
negative impact caused by the 
uncertainty and insecurity asso- 
ciated with relocation. 

A well-defined relocation policy 
does not only attract qualified 
candidates. It also enables them to 
take up their new posts quickly 
and without excessive disruption 
of their private lives, thus 
maintaining productivity. Re- 
search by MLR MI has consis- 

tently shown that - companies 
consider this far more important 
than saving money, and yet 
through effective monitoring of 
policy direct costs are also 

By keeping in dose touch with 
the new employee, problems can 
be foreseen before they become 
serious. Ensuring the employee 
gets off to the right start increases 
the likelihood of a long-term 
successful stay with the company. 

Relocation policies cover a 
variety of expenses. These typi- 
cally indude solicitors' and estate 
agents' foes, stamp duty, house- 
hunting trips, removal expenses 
and disturbance allowances. The 
assistance offered to newly re- 
cruited employees is often not as 
extensive. The average cost of 

moving an employee now exceeds 

£ 10 , 000 . * 

Consequently, many 
companies recruit locally for all 
but the most senior level 

However, moving employees 
through a variety of posts in 
different locations is often part of 
their career development, entail- 
ing the relocation of junior staff. 

Meeting business needs within 
geographic constraints is an im- 
portant part of personnel plan- 
ning. To accomplish this 
successfully, recruiting practice 
must be reviewed regularly and 
altered as necessary to meet 
company goals. It' is also im- 
portant to analyse the future needs 
of the organization, and then- 
implications on staff planning. 

The financial drain on a com- 
pany of 'poor recruitment mobil- 
ity and relocation policies is 
(considerable. The results include 
reduced productivity, the loss of 
valued employees and settling, for 
a second or third choice to fill a 
post, because the best candidate 
will not make the move involved. 
Ail these give rise indirectly to 
high costs. 

Maintaining productivity and 
profit levels requires the correct 
balance of assistance for employ- 
ees against cost. When companies 
formulate their relocation poli- 
cies, they focus on reducing 
aggravation for employees and 
maintaining their productivity 
during the relocation phase- At the 
same time, they need to relieve the 

director responsibility 
outside his expertise. Toachieve 

the correct balance. spead*ed 
knowledge and skills must be 

It is. therefore, not surprising 
that the number of Bnushcom- 
panies using relocation 
tan ts has increased significantly 
during the past three yew***: 
penally in the service sectorand 
among companies moving 50 or 

more people per year. 

These uend-seiting organiza- 
tions are among Britain’s leading 
companies. They recognize that to 
attract the best candidate to u*e 
right job at the required location 
necessitates analysing lifestyle 
trends and responding to them. 

It is not surprising that such 
companies continue to attract the 
most qualified candidates through 
well planned strategies of em- 
ployee relocation and corporate 

' i: 

i • 


•€ 2 ' - 


Nicholas Troilo is managing direc- 
tor of Merrill Lynch Relocation 
Management International 



. . tarExec is the organisation speriai- 
jpiB in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExec’s qualified specialist staff, 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 

vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a m u tu a lly exploratory meeting telephone 

London ® 01-930 5041/8 

19 Ounng Cron Road, WCZ 

Birmingham <s» 021-032 5(48 

Tic Romnda, New Snot- 


30 BaWwo Strea. 


4& Gauge Street 


& 0272 277315 
® 031-226 5(80 
® 0532 450243 

12 Si P*nTi Seen. 

Manchester a 

Fanflmer Home, Faulkner Sued- 

061-236 8409 

The one who stands oat. 

finance manager - 


Salary c£18,000 plus car allowance, 
car loan scheme and 30 days holiday. 

An oDportunity for a creative accountant to make a 
^o*kiw contribution to inner city housing. 

We are Co-operative Development Services (Liver- 
nod), a major registered housing orranisation 
Saline and developing over 1300 homes ra 
Sw Housing Action Areas. Our innovative ap- 
fzLh u, tenant management and housing co- 
JJ^tives has brought us a national reputation. 

rw Finance Manager beads a team of five staff 
E^onsible for financial control of assets in excess 



innkine for a qualified accountant who will 
wUh the objectives of the organisation 
Jju*, work with a young and enthusiastic staff. 

It you would like further details contact 

HACAS Recruitment 
2 BertaVet Road 
London N7 6PL 

or telephone Derek Joseph on 01-609 9491 
rwiog date Monday 24th November 1986. 



. io join a rapidly g mandin g 

i,:-hh, mouvawd aan of financia* semen 

tfr^’^jEjianon aad Manager. Beaultan Fmaocid 

* Pi™* amlaci 
a**!* «***“ CV - «•«**»• 

Real Estate 

Electronic Data Systems is one of the largest information processing 
services companies in the world. Throughout our 24 year history, we have 
maintained a pattern of technical innovation in the computer services industry, 
combined with consistent growth. 

We are currently seeking to recruit a Manager to join our Real Estate 
Department based in Mayfair, Central London. The individual we seek will be 
self-motivated, able to deal with all levels of management and will relish a fast 
moving, high pressurised environment 

You will be involved with all aspects of real estate management including: 

• Lease negotiation and administration 

• Investigation and recommendation of land acquisitions 

• Supervision of the construction of new premises and alterations to 
existing structures 

• Design and layout of premises 

The ideal candidate will have a good educational background, have experi- 
ence of handling real estate fora large company, and have the ability to brief 
senior management There is plenty of scope for advancement and a consider- 
able amount of your time will be spent travelling, therefore, flexibility is essential. 

You will join an existing real estate team, and will report to the Director of 
International Real Estate. 

In return we can offer an excellent salary and benefits package For more 
information telephone Marie Bibb on 01-861 2233 ext 3198. 

Alternatively send a cv. to her at 
The Recruiting Department, 

Electronic Data Systems, Queens House West 
Greenhfll Way, Harrow, Middlesex HAi 1GR. 

Electronic Data Systems 




Television News 
West London 
£14*580— £19,380** 

BBC Television New is looking for an experienced Sports 
Reporter to workfor national News programmes and for 
other related programmes Inducting on Occasaon.BBCTV 
Outside Broadcasts Gntx*). You wiH have to work in the 
studio, notably at weekends and on location with" E.N.G. or 
Outside Broack^sts, to corxkK^ interviews and to compile 
scripts and present reports on the whole range of sports 
news and events covered by Television News at home and 
abroad. You may at some stage be re-assigned to general 
news and will be expected to work overnight for BBC 

We are lookfog for an experienced broadcaster with a 
wide knowtedgeofspbrtasound news sense and the 
ability to work with asmall and enthusiastic team. A 
knowledge of television techniques is essential, asisa 
ament driving licence. 

Contact us immetiately for an app&calion form. 




YbuTve got 4 minutes to convince us you should bo a 
Local Radio Trainee Reporter, 
ff you're good, thafsaM yot/B need. 

Talk for 4 min utes onto the tape wen send you and 
co nvnioe us you should be interviewed 

Wefil be looking for voicesfroman sections of the 
community that listeners of Local Radio can warmto. 
That’S of paramount importance. 

Well also want to know whether you can efigoutagood 
stray to excite the listener. And tosee if youVe got the 
initiative and persistence to getiton arc 

Selection is rigorousbutthen so isthe training. Its 
deslgnedfor tough streetwise individuals, who are reQaUe 
and self disciplined. 

You dorit need to be a graduate, you dorit need to have 
had any relevant experience and you certatolywont have 

But you wifl know what’s going on around yam and 
often find ycursetf in the action.^ YouTf have a strong instinct 
for news and afirm belief in the importance of BBC Local 
Ratio. YoLffl also need acunentdriving licence. 

Your starting salary wfll be £7,790. 

Still interested? Write or phone no fata' than Monday 
10to^kwBn^berforyou^appl^cationpack. (Ref. 2761 /T) 



Texas Gas Exploration (UK) Corporation requires a Petroleum Engineering graduate 
preferably a U.K. national with at least 10-12 years oil industry experience and with a 
primary emphasis on reservoir work and development 

Experience with reservoir evaluation, and modelling and field development is necessary, 
and a diversified background in other operational areas such as drilling, completions, 
production and economic evaluations would be desirable. 

The position will report to the General Manager and will be responsible for preparing 
reserve estimates and potential field development studies, liaising with external consultants 
and evaluating well and test data. A competitive salary and benefits package will be offered 
including non-contributory pension, medical, life and health insurance. 

This is an opportunity lo join an active U.K. based company with a North Sea income 
stream and significant exploration and appraisal ventures in the North Sea, and both 
onshore and offshore U.IC and France. Other international ventures are under active 

To apply please write with C. V. to: 

General Manager, Texas Gas Exploration (U.K.) Corporation, 
13 Wei beck Street LONDON W1M 7PF 

marking the envelope Senior Reservoir Engineer. 

All applications will be treated confidentially. 

We are an equal 

opportunities enrofoyor ^^waOowra»of£% 02 DRjL 
^ reCAppokrtmenta, London W1 A tAA.TeLOI-927 5799. 

■{ n,i . 

• .. - 

4 •* 


v- • * 

I - -’ • 



i*. . 

! £ ■ * 

The income Trust 




Due io our roniinucd fro«lh. we rcauuc an addinonal sales 
cwwmUtawT UmcouiuksoI Essex. Hens- Kcnu Surrey & 
Siam. A working knowledge of structural frame systems and 
cluing con laris with ibe developers, professionals and design A 
building contractors a essential. 


In order to caniuilac on our initial penetration in this socnaliu 
market! we rnuiiie a Sates* Marketing Emcuum to pursue our 
vunnnuinR uiiema naiumalty. A bartgrotina in the 
soons'li-naur fic« associated with the build ins industry, would 
be a major advantage, bul the rwMcquisnc is ilw ability lo work 
on sour own iniiuuvc and be a Me to commumonc at all levels. 
Roth these positions ofler esccWctn opoonunnes to progress ) our 

own career dm efepmeni wiihm an expanding propMsivc com- 
pany. >ihj wHI be backed 

, ... __rkcd up with a dynamic man agem an team 

to ensure sou arc able to actncsc our mutual objective. 

The oackanr consists ofa substantial basic salary, coupled witna 

• - - * ‘ — - — • -a r. pert- 

Irani j 

performance rctaicd bonus, fully maintained coonany car. i 
uon * pm ale ncalih scheme (pving a successful apptra 
tisial naefcaoe of approi. f I8J20.00U). 

panage . 

Phrase write or phone for application form kc 

Audrey HDm, 

Composite Structures Ltd., 
Omega Room, Southampton Road, 
Eastteigh, Hants. 

Tefc Eastleigh (0703) 616712. 





international Professional firm seeks a 
high calibre and well-experienced 
Mailroom Supervisor. 30s 40s, who is 
able to show a proven and relevant 
track record successfully running a 
large department Experience of 
up-to-date technology vita! along with 
prominent management skills 
especially in the areas of 
communicating with and motivation 
of manpower. 

Call Pat Middleton on 588 5081. 

Director of the 

Tropical Metabolism Research Unit, 
University of theWfest Indies, 

The TJMLRU. has a distinguished record for its contributions to the 
study of severe malnutrition in childhood, with special reference to 
metabolic aspects. The University of the West Indies and the 
Wellcome Trust have agreed to finance and manage this Unit jointly 
and wish to appoint a new Director. 

The successful candidate must be medically qualified and is expected 
to have research Interests in physiological or biomedical aspects of 
metabolism. He or she will have demonstrated the capacity for 
innovative research and leadership. 

The Post will be at professional level and the salary and emoluments 
will be equivalent to those offered to UK personnel working abroad, 
with Trud: support Nationality of applicants is not restricted- . 
Shortlisted candidates will be invited to visit the TMR.U. prior to 
interview. In the first instance enquiries should be made to either the * 
Registrar; University of the .West Indies or Dn B M Ogilvie, and should 
be accompanied by a full curriculum vita& and a two page outline. of 
the enquirer's current research interests. 

dosing date tor receipt of enquiries is 15th January 1987. 

The Registrar, Dr. B M Ogflvie, 

University of the West Indies, Deputy Director (Science), 

Mona, Kingston 7, The Wellcome Trust, 

Jamaica. 1 Park Square West, 

West Indies. London NW1 4LJ, Urited lOogdom. 


W '■ 


* ■ ■ 

re seeking another job or AA. - * « 

careec wranprowideyou / A\ fVmltUSlTKi Executive Services 

(XulcSSlonai trap. I-.U. W-WUm ' c_ u. 

Whether yoo are seeking another job or 
considering a new careec we can provide you 
with effective aid. 

Our service is tator-made to your needs and 
drcumstances. With coverage of both advertised 
and uradverteed vacancies, we aan for more 
success- si less time and at (ess cost 

For a free. eort&Jerttial discussion. Sernor - 
Executives home or abroad are invited to 
contact their local office. 

Management Support Network 


O MN t d MI.SOgiB 

Bristol K!72^77S4] ' 
ErMwyh SB-22* 2S» 

SaSsbmySQ. Ha. , EC4 
22 Suffolk. Street, B3 1LS 
tSLioydSs., M25WA 
64fOagStrtet, SL6 IEQ 



ZOxfr**0*,lSI3BE ” 

B Motor Piace, EH37QX 

^ =1 


. I 



Management Consultancy recruitment Division 

Douglas (®llambi as 

- Douglas Llambias Associates limited, 410 strand. London WC2R ONS 
TELEPHONE: 01-836 9501 

♦ Banking, finance 

& Accountancy 

♦ Computer security 

♦ corporate Finance 

♦ executive Recruitment 

♦ hotel a leisure 

Douglas Llambias Associates was first varied needs of our Management Consultancy clients, 
established in 1970 and within two years had become both large and small, in this country 'and overseas, 
one of the leading recruitment consultancies in the are not directly linked to any firm, and we 

L are therefore able to provide objective infcamation and 

Our specialist Management Consultancy advice on the widest range of opportunities in 
itment Division was established to meet the very Management Consultancy. 


♦ human Resources 

♦ Information Systems 

& Technology 

♦ Manufacturing 

♦ Retail & distribution 

♦ sales & Marketing 



London Circa £35,000 

Our client is a leading international management consultancy, 
substantial and sustained natural growth, and with an 
' treasury practice. 

They now seek to recruit ambitious and talented graduates with a 
minimum of three to four years’ treasury experience in: 

♦ Rxeign currency and cash management 
♦.Planning and information systems 

♦ Risk management 

♦ Dealing operations 

In the first instance, please write to Malcolm Edgell, ECA, at 
our FREEPOST address below, enclosing a cv., quoting reference 
9935 TCE 

Management consultancy recruitment Division 

Douglas® Llambias 


London £23,000 - £120,000 

No two management consultancy firms are alike. 

The organisaticffi, structure, the quality of staff, the experience they offer; vary 
enormously, as do die financial rewards they offer. 

Vfe make no pretence, the top salaries quoted are for truly exceptional people 
with the ability ana track record to move at partner level - but even if this is not you 
there is still a lot of scope to improve yourself. 

So in the first instance, write enclosing a cv. to Trevor Atkinson, ECA, at the 
FREEPOST address below, quoting reference 9920 EMT.Wewill be pleased to advise 
you on the options open to you. 

Management Consultancy Recruitment Division 

Douglas Llambias 



Td £30,000 

In a fast changing business world, success depends not only cm traditional business 
principles, but also <m a company's commercial attitude and approach. The London based 
Management Consultancy Division of one of the U-K-’s leading firms of accountants is 
dedicated to combining professionalism with innovation. 

They now wish to recruit a Personnel professional with the ability to make a positive 
impact cm their clients’ bottom-line. Successful applicants will be required to generate and lead 
assignments which relate to all aspects of improving staff and management pencrmance. They 
must therefore have gained senior level experience, preferably either within a consultancy or a 
personnel environment. 

In the first instance please write enclosing a detailed cv. to Bruce Page, CA, 
or Caroline Benton, AXEM, at the FREEPOST address below, quoting reference 
9930 HRX 

management Consultancy Recruitment Division 

Douglas Llambias 




To £30K + Car 

Join a relatively small, but rapidly 
expanding, team specialising in meeting the 
needs of small ana medium sized businesses 
covering the whole range of financial 
management from strategic planning • to 
packaged systems implementation. Key areas 

♦ financial and strategic planning 

♦ management reporting and 
systems, packaged software 

♦ cash management and treasury 

Bright, young qualified accountants, with 
relevant experience only, need apply. Please 
write enclosing a c.v. to Trevor Atkinson, ECA. 
at the FREEPOST address below, quoting 
reference 9930 FMT 

Management consultanct recruitment division 

Douglas (§> Llambias 


If you are considering a first move into 
management consultancy, men: 

♦ Research die marketplace 

♦ Find out about the firms’ different 
structures, services and client bases 

♦ Identify what you want out of the 

V\fe haye die information and the frets you 
need. Contact us first, get a copy of our guide to 
the management consultancies. Discuss the 
options open to you and determine the right 
course of action to secure you with good 
comparative offers, at one and the same time. 

Contact T revor Atkinson, ECA, endosing 
a cv., at the FREEPOST address below, quoting 
reference 99 MCE 

. Management consultancy Recruitment division 

Douglas <§) llambias 


London To £30,000 + Car 

A leading management consultancy seeks graduates, aged 
between 26-36, with at least four years’ IX experience, most of which 
must have been in the implementation of advanced database systems 
and using fourth generation software. 

You must be able to demonstrate sound commercial awareness 
and good communication skills and possess an impressive track record 
to date. 

Please write endosing a detailed cv. to Malcolm Edgell, ECA at 
the FREEPOST address below, quoting reference 99DM 30X 

Management Consultancy Recruitment Division 

Douglas Llambias 


Manchester To £35,000 

One of die worlds foremost management consultancies is offering a 
truly exceptional opportunity to head up a team of marketing specialists as 
part of a multi-disciplined team advising on: 

♦ Marketing strategy * 

♦ Sales force management and motivation 

♦ New product development 

Aged 27-33, a graduate with considerable achievement in line 
management or a specialist consultancy, die successful applicant will be 
based in Manchester: 

In the first instance please write toTtevor Atkinson, MJnstM, ECA 
at the FREEPOST address below, endosing a cv., quoting reference 

9935 MX 

Management Consultancy Recruitment Division 

Douglas Llambias 



£17,000 - £35,000 


Nationwide To £35,000 

Our client is one of the leading international management consultancies whose 
rapid expansion in the U.K. has led to their doubling in size ova: the last two years. 

At the forefront of the management consultancy business, primarily servicing 
blue-chip companies, they are able to offer a wide range of extremely demanding and 
challenging assignments in London, Birmingham, Glasgow or Manchester 

VVfe are interested to hear fixjm graduates, with excellent academic and track record 
to date, especially those who are high achievers with four to five years’ experience in 
Banking and Finance, Central Government or Health Care. 

In the first instance, please write, endosing a cv., to Trevor Atkinson ECA at the 
FREEPOST address below; quoting reference 9935 AMEX 

management consultancy Recruitment Division 

Douglas (§) Llambias 

An exceptional opportunity to join one of the leading 
specialist financial management groups providing a wide 
range of services to financial institutions. 

The client portfolio covers capital markets, securities, 
fund management, insurance, as well as retail and wholesale 

Applicants must be graduates, aged 26-35, who can 
demonstrate outstanding achievement to date and who 
possess at least seme relevant experience wotting within a 
financial institution, or in the audit thereof or having at least 
three years' meaningful rorporate treasury experience to 

In the first instance please write to Malcolm Edgell, 
ECA, at the FREEPOST address below, endosing a c.v., 
quoting reference 9935 FMT 

Management consultancy Recruitment division 

Douglas Llambias 

Douglas Llambias Associates, FREEPOST, 410 strand, London WC2R OBR 



high profile. 

rty s rapid evolution. 



®£20,000 negotiable 

Your background and profile 

• QuaSfiedaccountent Hceiy to be in your late 20's with experience mcommenretfndustiy or the 
financial sector. 

• Hands on exposure, achieving results to tight deac&nes using computerised accounting systems. 

• Keyskffls 

- Technically competent accountant 

- Good communicator 

- Expertise in financial information systems. 

• Maintenance of credfoiflty is vital - you must be resilient and robust with a sense of humour. 

Controlling change 

• Key nesponsibilfty for key member of financial team. 

• Creative control and strategic management accounting is required. 

• Cash Row- financial viability of new services in the market place. 

• Provk ftrg management and firrandal accounting control/performance information in a form which is 
going to be most useful to management 

• Improving cost efficiency. 

Career in the fast lane 

• With exposure at aH levels in The Stock Exchange and the City this is a genuine career opportunity. 

• You wffl be given a high degree of responstotfity and team building experience. 

• Excellent fringe benefits including free travk 

Please reply with a full CV to AHscm King, Personnel Officer, The Stock Exchange, Old Brood Street, 
London EC2N 1HP. Tel: 01-588 2355. 


Auto Windscreens 


Si!?!!???..! 0 . tne G eneral Manager. A MgMy motivated person capable of directing and cwnoffiug me sales efforts of Ore 
‘ w ing centres vrithhi the expansion programme. Our customer base coven all aspects of transport from me private 

r^CAtw nr n - "" v w ucvoc utrw ra msf uuom « du kico uv cmno. 

■wofiiBiianw of our business a background of the windscreen replacement trade or simitar automotive service 

MW 2 litre Company car. 

™ 8,54 Instance. please reply m writing with full details of your career and achievements to date to. 





E32.000 basic opportunity to earn £20.000. Friendly 


£75.000 plus car and pension. Opportunity for sales 

company needs a sales rep to sell tailor-made office engineer to work tor fast expending organisation 
design concepts to large organisations requiring invoked in capital equipment sales to the tool- 
. office design and refurbishment Includes all aspects making industry Package includes commission on 

of office interiors. 


0&OO0 salary, negotiable. Vb ung, aggressive com- 
pany are looking tor an engineer with experience in 
building services design. Good prospects to senior 
management plus some overseas travel. 

all sales. 


£13,000 salary plus car and pension. National sales 
rep is required by established company manu- 
facturing test instruments Good opportunity tor 
technically minded sales professional working from 

Take advantage of our nationwide facilities and ring your nearest branch for 
details of these and a thousand other opportunties. 

• ABERDEEN 0224 582! 67 • BELFAST (RAND) 0232 246128 • BIRMINGHAM 021 643 7231 • BOLTON 0204 391527 

• BRADFORD 0274 734690* BRISTOL 0272 297715* CARDIFF 0222 386084* CHESTER 0244 31 1 669* DBWY 0332 
367419 • EDINBURGH 031 226 5233* GLASGOW 041 204 0371 • LEEDS 0532 451885* LEICESTER 0533 517668 

• LIVERPOOL 051 708 8120* LUTON 0582 414970* MANCHESTER 061 228 6887 • MIUON KEYNES 0908 604399 

• NEWCASTLE 001 261 9340* NORTHAMPTON 0604 39754* NOTTINGHAM 0602 472934* READING 0734 504623 

• SHEFFIELD 0742 28479 • WATFORD 0923 42879 LONDON AREA:* EALING 01 579 5851 • CROYDON 01 686 1572 

• OXFORD CIRCUS 01 734 1 556/7 • ILFORD 01 553 5056 • WEMBLEY 01 902 4962. 

Hestair Management Services Limited 

head of qualifications dtfW 


to £16,000 . f'TR^R 

flon contributory pension „L1doE 

chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers wishes to strengthen its Qualifications and 
Itfembership Departments by the appointment of an overall manager. 

D«mortioR to the Secretary, and under the guidance of the Qualifications Board, the Head of 
Jollifications and Membership will be responsible for membership development for the Institution’s 
iViOO members, including administration of applications, careers advice, training schemes, course 
gpj^ediiation. examinations, and continuing professional develop men L 

__ inrfjiution looks for management ability and an understanding of the process of professional 
I^iation. Knowledge of the construction industry, the Engineering Council, CNAA or BTEC would 

be an advantage. 

jge indicator 35 to 50 

. -arfcino envelopes Private and Confidential, to the Secretary, the Chartered Institution of 
^'nTse^te SSm Mta House ’ 2:2 Balham High Road. LONDON SWI2 9BS. 

01-734 3879 

I Connaught 

London, W1 


POL leaders in aoveniuie nonaays tor younqsim. ieou*»es 
leaidOTUal manages vntti organisational and management vi>s to 
run Adventure Centres lor 100 - ISO Clients 

EatSh centre has a (eam ol up tofflstaHemtjlovwJto'nstruel soortsand 
outdoor pu r*jrts or to look alier voungsteis outMde acnvttv penoos 

as •*» esaH me adnunearanwe and support start 
Useful experience iflCfciOK wortung with vcungwws man- manage- 
ment adminisi latKtn and a knowledge of a c»oss-wciwn of sports 
Ideal age 25-J5 VACANCIES 

LONG SEASON: MMasA Wp» VMoy: Fed. to&apt 



to 23 AuguM 

Vacancies also e*ist lof Aeiwiir utsiruciors andGreuP Lca-J*ri , 
Farms detain a.ndjpe?fica-'iOr> ram ■ • 

David Pitman 

PGL Young Adventure Ud 
B21 ssnkxiSbeet 
— UO»ob-W1piHR97AM 
= '= TO: (0989)64211 

Confidential Applicant R m pbhm 4 Evaluation Ltd, 

I.C.CL House, OkHfekJ Lane North, Groenford, Middx. UBG GAL. 



A major US Marketing Consultancy needs several people with well developed 
skills in communication and lateral development of Ideas lor key 
appointments in the London Office. 

An essential element in your background is a Masters Degree hi Business 
Administration. The reason for that is uncompromising standards of 
excellence which clients take for granted. At feast three years commercial 
experience is also necessary, probably gained in econ om ic s , marketing or 
finance. You wiM join a team employing unique evaluation methods in 
analysing dents' marketing effeethieness, developing strategies and 
implementing action plans. Fluency in a European language wifi be a distinct 

Benefits include life/dfenbiflty cover and BUPA but most important is the 
potential for personal progress and rewards based on results. 




One of the Regions largest and best known retail operations needs a forward 
thinking, self-motivated young accountant for a pivotal role in the future 
development of the organisation. 

Reporting to the Deputy Chief Executive, you will be responsible for financial 
controls to final accounts, producing management accounts to tight 
deadlines, and assisting in the development and implementation of new 
Management Information Systems. You will manage a staff of up to 70 people, 
some of whom are partly qualified, and the management of change will be a 
key responsibility. You must have experience of computerised accounting 
systems and financial modelling, and it is essential that you are a qualified 

The benefits package Is typically generous for the right person. 




H you are currently in a demanding sales environment' (such as media sales),, 
have a sound business related background, and are looking lor a career move, 
our client could have such an opportunity for you- 

The company is now in its second trading period and needs to develop in 
depth its "household name” client base. The "product" Is a carefully 
researched and developed business and management information service 
recognised by its users to be unique. Your level erf contact will be middle and 
senior management which will require you to have a well developed level of 
credibility and presence. 

Benefits include a five figure base salary and performance-related bonus. 

' RefcCR/X/107 



Probably the best known name in high street supermarkets and superstores, 
our client is leading the field In innovative developments by opening up nearly 
twenty new appointments in a customer service capacity in the Greater 
London area. The objective? To create a customer orientated image, 
lb be a part of this new development, you should be in your mid-twenties, 
have a reasonable education and be able to communicale effectively with 
people. Your background must Include experience at supervisory or 
management level in a high volume retail, catering or service organisation, 
with particular emphasis on customer contact and forward planning. You vrfll 
report to a Store Manager, and you will be rasponsfete for between 50-150 

Generous benefits apply to these appointments. Ref: HR/U/RM 

PHONE 01-575 7070 NOW! 

:r.Trid MH'k 


Are you eager for success? 

Can you start immediatel y? 

As a result of our continued growth we require several 
MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS to maintain our development. 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. 
Your successful track record will show that you are thoroughly 
experienced in the business to business area and capable of 
problem solving for small and medium sized companies, be they 
financial, commercial or manufacturing. 

You will receive comprehensive training, the back-up you need, 
and relocation is not necessary. A first rate remuneration package 
commensurate with effort is offered. 

ft this is your sort of challenge and 
. you would like to join our expending 

n team, please send complete career 

fj ,L_S_\ details to Colin Herman, but only if you’re 
-( BffMBf ) available to start immediately, ReE TT , 
Independent "Consulting and Manage- 
merit Company Ltd-, Rawtpkig House, 

I 147 London Road, Kirigston-ujxyi -Thames, 

Surrey KT2 6NR. I 


Selling mainly British goods to Japanese customers, we is 
looking for a Branch Manager to work with Managing 
Director and be responsible for merchandising, person- 
nel, Sales and training of new staff. 


Responsible for sales staff, sales targets and promotions. 


Responsible for staff display and sales. 

The candidates must have at least five years experience in 
Japanese clothing, cosmetics and china market Knowl- 
edge of Japanese trends, tastes and language are essential. 

Please apply to BOX G98 enclosing C.V^. 


£ll,988/£13,107 Mending London Weighting) 

The Water Authorities Association fe tooMng for jjJJjSg 
Assistant to work in its Secretariat. The Water Auth ___ 
Association is the central representative ami 
body for the ten water authorities in England and Wales.^^ 
successful applicant will join' a small team covering a 
range of issues affecting the water authorities. 
emphasis of the post will be on the fi nancia l and economic 
side, but flexibility arol willingness to become involved in any 
aspects of current business are es se nt ial. The duties wm 
include research, preparation of policy papers for submission 
to the Association’s committees, servicing of meetings ana 
negotiation with Government and other .interests. 

Candidates should be graduates, or hold a relevant 
pro fe ssional qualification. Preferred age twenties or early 
thirties, ideally with previous experience of work of thstono. 
But inteHjgence, personality and ability to work cheerfully 
imA»r pressure are the prime requirements. Location CenfcrsS 
London. Good working conditions, contributory pension 

Applicants should write with a detailed CV and a day time . 
telephone number to: 

>Tony EIKk, Administration 
Officer, Water Authorities 
- — Association, 1 Queen Anne’s 

AUTHORITIES. Gate, London SWIH 9BT. Closing 
ASSOCIATION ***** 7tfa NOVEMBER 1986. 

i\VA i i I 


Wertdstone Chorwafs is a smaB speoafty chemicals business within the Laporte 
Britain's second-largest quoted chemical company. We enjoy a togri tevd ot autonomy 
enables us to operate In a fast-moving, entrepreneurial way, wtelst at the sane tens having the 
full backing and support of a major tfflemation al organisation. 

Oar b usi ness is in supplying hi 
industry and specialty product 

s intermediates to the pharmaceutical 
tin to develop novel manufacturing 

processes for our products c om mencing with the Hetatore review stage and progressag 
through laboratory and pilot plant to tod scale manufacture. We do not set out to perform 
fundamental research but rather to harness the latest research firings to our needs and 
of our customers. This involves us to dose liaison with University research, where 
support a number of full time research students. 

Our small, enthusiastic team of highly quaffied organic chemists are involved in ad stages Of 
developments from literature review and (fccussian with Consultants, at the laboratory bench, 
pflot plant to fid) scale plant commissioning stages. They are in regular contact with 
customers and mate a valuable contribution towards aduafly winning new business. ' 
represent the con^any at trade extetetions and lecture at symposia and to our customers 
home and abroad. 

Wendstune Chemicals has the fufl cooperation of, and free access to, other Laporte scientists, 
and to the substantial dwmcai engineering resource and finance of the Group for large 
projects. Dtrin the past three years, major technologicai advances have been made 
have led to mufo-miibon pound investm ents in manufacturing plant nothin the Laporte 
We have exciting projects at present uiderany. 

Wte are tooting for chemists to join our team The successful apptants wB be ewcepba n afly 
able people with career ambttn. An essential minimum requoamimt is for a good first degree 
and a PhD in organic chenrishy aid a teen desire to wort as a member of a team across tfw 
wide spectrum of activities described above. 

Applications, which wffl be treated in strict confidence, should be addressed to: 

Dr J. P. Regan 
Managing Director 
Wendstane ChemieaJs PLC 
Lagonda Road 

Cleveland TS23 4JA 

(marked Personal and C onfi denti al ^ 
A Member of the Laporte (torn 

Treasurer/Director of Finance 

Scale D £24,618 to £28,021 

South Glamorgan Health Authority is theonly teaching district in Wales, 
with its headquartersbassd in CardiU The Authority has an allocation of 
£140 mfflionand a payroll of 13000 staff. 

This is a prestige appointment in a progressive HeaBh Authority 
involving a key rote on the District Management Team. 

The Treasurer wffl be responsMefordie provision of financial advice 
and other services relaSng to the management of the Health Authority's 
financial resources. 

The Treasurer wffl be manageriaty accountable to the District 
General Manager tor coonina&ng value tor money programmes and 
initiating cost improvement investigations and activities. Heft* will 
be responsfebfor the Supplies Organis a ti o n and the Work Study/ 

The successful candidate will be a qualified accountant preferably 
with experience in public service accounting. He/she should be able to 
demonstrate experience and achievement at a senior level in financial 
manageme n t 

Applications win be by curricaAre vftae. 
information pack from Us M Jones, Room 1. Tempte of Peace and 
Health. Cardiff. 

Informal enquiries welcome: Mr N C Hughes, Senior Assistant 
Treasurer, Caitiff 0222 395621 . 

Closing date 21st November 1986. 

Health Authority 


Circa £50,000 


fihiiiMiull T > 1rt [ tho hwtrtrng imillipla Fine nrin, 
with other div at affkj d i ntec est a, wiafa to q?poinl ■ I 

wffl ha* the res p on sibi li ty of craning and adding new see as at nwmrha 

|nrirh1in j ONUB JumitCL 

Hu* is an earitnig opportuiiilv to toad the conducing aapunrinm and Anrnlnriiiin iil uf 
toe Group in a very im p orta n t area. - 

Inducted in tea attractive ranmnetatioc package wffl be the opport uni ty to earn 
anbatandal bournes related to results, an wafl aw tea mand twaft. 

Write in confidence to: 

Wm Ch«hnii | Th> nWmwH Ipw M j p of ft —| i ^ |, | ii in ^ 

130, Baribr Road, 

London vn GBW 


VA£ jlij 


l: As ^S 


****•« «-**. * 
****«"» ls . . "**«* 


I H Uft *k* ... ■■ SIJ ni« P . -J* U «7 

« Thn u :,,£ «■* a h 

i bw.s. " UTf r . 3 P, 

Senior Research Associate/Research Associate Posts 

53^ *«>*» .iYCV^N 
Mg "* i.nSS^ li" s 
rUSS*** 1 an 'i .!> 

*— -« - "hnT,;; <$ 

i *r ‘*U M * * 

»«■■*» 2T5SJ;", “" ri - w .£ $ 

.• ■ : . ■ ^ 

2* *«• » <*»Uifcd fer . 

I ■§SS-v$j3 5 ' 

n *«. ™. wn-Miisrjtjs 

Pol ymer/Oroanic Chemists 

Paint is one of the world's largest industrial 
™flS PanK5 ‘ operaong 37 factories in ^countries. 

r ?! r,mrtfed 10 a continuing programme of 
SS™ ™£ rder to l , naease our sha^ of toe diwree world 

SS.taSlPISSS-. 5 r our PD & mer Research Unit we 
SX S^,T lthesB of . noue » chemicals and polymers 
10 “* 5S 1 PWtonnahce paint systems. 
This research is integrated with teams working in related 

SgK””? 1 35 2S® nat * coltoid. corrostoruand biological 
fences. To support this work, a range of modem analytical 

va i^f lfe ' TI?e96? indu * N.M JL ac./MS.. 

O.P.C- U.V.. AA.. E-S.CLA.. and scanning electron 

ta apP 0 ^ t" 0 Professional 'chemists with 
•n-PO^rier/organic chemistry 
tounderteke the deagn and qiritheses of novel 

polymer qistems. The people we are seeking will be " • 

jnnowtiveandpractkal chemists who eniqy seeing the 
resulte of wtxk which they know to be based on sound 

*255 J^ncipfes- He/she may be responsible for a small • 
5U5l5^i , f^ IT ? or cj^nlsts* The people appointed to these 
SSS? ^ lke ^ to be m their late ttiirtjes/eariy forties and 
a 9 °od honours degree probably together with a 
PhD. We are looking for self-motivated professional 
researchers who envisage a kmg term research career. 

if you can demonstrate real success m your career so far and 
are prepared to turn your good ideas.tnta commercial 
products for world markets we would like to hear from you. 

Thes e positions will be in chjt Group Research laboratories 
based on our site at Newcastle upon Tyne. Thecity is the base 
for access to the superb countryside of Northumberland/ 
Durham as well as offering excellent shopping facilities. 

In addition a wide range at housing is available at reasonable 
prices in b oth lurt an and rural areas within the region. We offer 
highly canpetitivesalaries together with the usual benefits of 
working fora large company, including relocation assistance. 
Please write to or telephone for an application form or 
forward a foil C.V. to Mrs. L Robson. Group Rsrsonnel 
Department, international Paint p fc. Stoneygate Lane, Balling, 
Gateshead. Tyne & Wfear NEIO QJY. Tfefc («1 ) 469 61 11/ 

X A 

International A 
Paint A 

• ■ International Paint pfc. • 

Stooeygata Lam. - 
Felfing, lyne&Wfear 


Erector of Finance 

$18 is £28,021 

MHUplhtHai ** f »cm- -r- -v ' v 

mmt+ Um* 4 *w -% *• •■■■< . ■r ■ ‘ 

*** i-Stor -i*** 

toWWlW ter * irwflntetwv “tea- " 

*r :<r 

/*■*•'» t— ■ ' - ' r '• J -“ 1 

Pto fcto j fe pte fete* -t '“y. ’>r:' • ••• ■T.'-’r: 

to au mu fci ^ v&m \s ■ -■• . •«.; 

totopiat gfefitwMifc** '*« A 1 

«to ftp « s- • 
9K Mtote Nt >*r •*••- 
rn Itoto «» « irf • 

life (SliPPISiilArW VM* 
WMPftPjQPfew * •»’ 

h Authority 


t Circa £50,0®" 

German/French/Englsh Speaking 

Based in ULK. to cover Europe. _ ■ . 

Babona MofeculaHa a muW-naoonal Compeny writhavar 30yaanT axperiehca 
in the Conservation of MarrMBde Resouces, cortoaialy dmloping and ■naritating 
the world's bast products baaed on Molecular Technology Our products and 
wvbtr provide cost-affacave sokitm reptadng conventional repair methods 
for Machinery & EqupmanL Buifcfings & Snuctures. _ ■• 

As Customer Services Engnecr. you wB be l asp onrfo te for prowSnfl narning 
anda technical advisory sovice to oar Distributors In Euope. AS of this work will 
. be on site deaing- with customers, -so Auenqr in French. German end GnofU 1 * 

essential. — - 

Tbu wtilelao be required to coorcSnete tecturoa. semtnere and ot her related 
functions such as customer presentations. Good communication sltOs are. 
therefore imperative. _ 

A quaBied MecharM Engineer, you wS have extensive experience of deafeng 
with wear, corrosion and deterioration problems on Machinery and Evdpmenc. 
Mu wl also have experience of woridng extensively oversees. 

An attractive saiary Is offered, together with a Company Car. 

M you are interested in wotting for * hfoMy succassM and progronhie 
organisation, pin am write UK- Manfred Brossefor. Managing Dhector, Bafetona 
Moiactriar Exports Limbed, Ctao Road, ilanugate, North VMthie HG1 AKt, 
England. TW: (04231 67041 Wax: 57038 MQLEC & 



Badenoch & Clark 


c.£18-£20,000 + Profit Scheme 

Our client is a new agency who are establishing a high class dient 
base of financial institutions. 

We are looking for personable, dynamic and entrepreneurial young 
professionals, with experience gained in merchant banks and 
stockbroking institutions, within the City. They will join the-team 
giving all round corporate advice to financial clients. 

This is an extremely exciting opportunity for tire successful 
candidates to join a new firm at an early stage and to take 
advantage of equity and profit share arrangements. 

Contact Tim Clarke* ACA or Robert Digby (who can be 
reached outside office hourson 01-870 1896). • 

16-18 New Brid»St n Lw!don ECWBftLFrctohpne 01 -583 0073 
16-18 Nevv o/Jjontaci Timothy Barrage on Of -8 74 6746 


Require Practice Administration 
Manager. This is a new post cre- 
ated because of rapid expansion 
over the past few years. We are a 
ten partner firm with five offices: 
The post will be based at the firms 
Marlow office and will suit any 
one with previous office adminis- 
tration, experience not necessarily 
in a solicitors office. 

For feather details please tele- 

Keith Green on 06285 24735 
Or write to: 

HP10 9NC 


A General Manager is required for a 
leading computer game company to 
build on its past success and take it to 
the top of the First Division. 

The right candidate will propaWy come 
from an entertainment or publishing 

background where they will have had 
prom responsibility and successfully 
managed a well motivated team. 

A solid background in marketing is es- 
sential. Additional proven expertise in 
contract negotiations, sates, production 
control and a working knowledge of the 
home software business would all be a 
distinct advantage. 

An excellent salary package is available. 

ff you think you are the right candidate 
write to: 

Box No. E08 with a fuH CV and in no 
more than 500 words explain why the 
job should be yours. . 

Closing date 14 November 1986. 

mm Mlto fte* » ***« : *" : !_■ 

m liuTI t uML'. — * ;%«-? ’ * v " ■ 

mgmm Aw ttm, "* I 

M IklMMU *M “ 

i ■* ■*" * # 

;•»;* r '>* ' 

m wto. to ^ « 

n rovoufi 



Neel farther person fa 
join expanding compery. 
general Imtwfelge of in- 
dustry plus ability to 
cmnMvcatB at aC lews 
wanted. Excetert piw- 
pects tor enthusiastic 

Phone Talent Cornoraten 
an 01 439 0SJ9. 



Require an office manager to 
supervise the day to day running 
of their growing practice of over 
50 people. Broad experience of 
office management is required 
coupled with enthusiasm, 
flexibility and organizing ability. 

Applicants should apply in 
writing enclosing a CV" detailing 
relevent experience, availability 
to start and expected 





Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street 
London WIN SJJ.Tei; 01-631 4411. 
8 Mathew Street Liverpool L2 6RR 
Tel: 051-236 1724. 

GRADUATES c£12,000 

Two highly visible roles in Personnel Management 

My dient has an enviable reputation in international 
markets for advanced technological design and project 
management The company employs a high percentage 
of graduates and professionally qualified staff and 
wishes to ensure that their potential is fulfilled. 

You also wish to fulfil your potential. Aged 24-34, it is 
your personal qualities rather than any -specific experience 
in Personnel that is important. You are conceptually 
bright and innovative, have good presentation skills 
and above ail are a 'doer', resilient and determined to 
achieve your goals, at times against the odds. 

One of the roles centres on management development; 
identification of training needs, assessment, planning of 
training and organisation, design and presentation of 
courses. The other is a wide ranging generalist role with 
emphasis on corporate development appraisals, grading 
remuneration and administration. Relocation expenses 
available, where applicable. 

If you have what it takes to thrive in a demanding 
environment then contact me, Nigel Murray, either by 
telephone or in writing. 

Telephone: {0483} 65566 (out erf hours (0730) 67806) 


Management Personnel 

Shaw House, 2 Tunsgate, GUILDFORD, Surrey GUI 30T 

Hong Kong 

Trade Mark Agent 

A leading ftm of soSdtots in Hong Kong requires o trade mark 
agent for the* exporting Intefieciud Property • Department. 
The firm has an international and domestic practice. The 
successful cancfidate should preferably be a qualified 
member of ITMA but experienced trade mark agents who 
are not quaffiied should apply. The successful candidate w H 
be reqirired to advise dents on afl aspects of trade marks, 
foduding the fiSng end prosecution of trade mark applications 
throughout the world and the protection of those trade marks. 

The overaS remuneration package w« not be less than 
530,000 per annum and could wen be substantially more 
depending upon experience and qualifications offered. With 
the maximum tax rate in Hong Kong at 17%. this salary should 
enable substantial savings to be accumulated over the 
contract period of 3 years and 4 months. There are in addition 
generous mecfica). leave and travel benefits. 

Inte rviews wB take place In London in November. 
Appli ca tio ns should be sent to Reuter Smkln Limited, 26-28 
Bedford Row, London WC1R 4HE, 01-405-6852 quoting ref: 
JH/C222toorrive before November 19th , 1986. 




McKenna & Co 


The Library and Information Department of this law firm 
requires an enthusiastic Assistant Librarian to take an active 
part in the provision of library and information services to 
members of the firm. 

The work emails helping whh updating of the information 
retrieval system, preparation of information bulletins and 
enquiry work, as well as assistance in die day-to-day running 
of the Library 

An interest in the law is desirable. 

Accurate typing ability would be useful. The post could suit 
a useful graduate of library school requiring die necessary 
experience for iicentiateship of the Library Association. 

Please apply in writing with a curriculum vitae to Mr J 
Miller, Head Of Library and Information Department. 
McKenna & Co 

Inveresk House, 1 Aldwvch, London. WC2R- 0HF 

ficaliont. willi substantial experience in industry and 
research. Salary will be in the range of A$35.SW - 

1 Assembly Automation (Position No A39ftbl 

An engineer or scientist is required to undertake research 
-in l he field of aiwmMy auiomauon in close colbboraiion 
with industry. 'Appiicaiiu should have a higher degree, 
preferably a Dr.-lng.. or equivalent qualifications, with 
experience in manufacturing processes, product design or 
the application of robots. Satan, will be in the range of 
SA28.I07 - $A4l J39. Appointment at a higher levd may- 
be possible for an exceptional applicant 

TENURE: These positions are for appointment on an 
indefinite basis with Australian Government superannua- 
tion benefits. 

APPLICATIONS: Applications, stating relevant personal 
and professional details, the names of two professional 
referees and quoting the relevant reference number 
should be directed to: 

Sydney Laboratory 

CSIRO Division of Manofaetnring TechmrfoRy 
PO Box 218 

By November 28. 198b 
CSIRO is an equal opportunity employer 



Sales person required 
for up-market retail 
ceramic tile shop W 1 
area. Experience of tiles 
not essential but interior 
design experience an 
advantage. Job entails 
some secretarial work, 
but mainly selling in 
shop. Hours 9.30am to 
5.30pm Monday to 
Friday. Some Saturdays 
10am to 4pm. Salary 
negotiable. Reply in 
first instant with C.V. 




Established office furniture company in Central London 
leqmie a sales executive for City area aged 24-45. Sales 
experience preferred. Salary pins commission. 
Please write with cv UK 
Personnel Officer, 
Hm&XoycrfLUL, 23 Bruton SL, 

London WlX BHD. 


ProlessxHBl Guidance and 
Assessment tor aH ages. 

15*4 Comes. Carets 
2W4 yis. Prapess. Changes 
3-54 yrs: Renew. 2nd Carers 

Fin deals « bra brochure-- 
Hbg car® ANALYSTS 

TTT so awe** Han wi 

••O 01-935 5452 p4hra) 

Fdioff of tie inowtutt Ueom 
latwaSHy Sflreces regevw tv 
oem laboratory m Hate? Stmt 
sea. AopUanti should tie aualt- 
Ited m JanwRjtogy and blood 
tTBHfuann. The successful can- 
■Kale «M be nvobed m the 
raatmem of MIS0 staff. Corah- 
bons ol saw %e negotiable 
For (wilier nlomuon you nsy 
contact 01-274 JS? 1 Appfog. 

boos $i«M be sen to BOX AH. 






The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research 
Organization fCSJRO) is the largest mcarrh iruntuuon 
in Australia. The OrtomzaVion Is (pvtrainnn funded and 
performs research and development m about 100 labora- 
tories to support Australian industry. 

The Division of Manufacturing Technology *"‘h some 
130 sulThas three laboratories in Melbourne. Sydney and 
Adelaide. The main research activities air in toe aim of 
materials engineering, are technics and integrated manu- 
facture m close coibborauon uith the manufactunnt: 
industry. The Sydney Laboratory covers the fields of 
industrial lasers and flexible automation of manufactur- 
ing processes, expanding into assembly auiomauon. 
material flow and robotics. 

I. Manufacturing Information Technology (Position No 

An en g ineer or scientist is required to initiate and lead 
research in areas of Manufacturing Information Technol- 
ogy. such ns production planning, material flow, tool 
oreaniation or raoup technology. Applicants should have 

i ilVfilw ro i) a mill EEi 







Mamott Corporation, whose headquarters are in Wash- 
es* 011 DC, is an international leader in the design and 
^obstruction of hotels, life care units, restaurants and 
facilities for institutional and industrial food services. 

to the continuing expansion of our operations, 
career opportunities now exist for quantity surveyors to 
pc located at corporate headquarters. 

Qualified Applicants should have: 

* Aries degree or equivalent 

A progressive record of achievement in the 
. • construction cost planning and cost control field. 
Five years’ post qualification experience in high rise 
multi-million pound projects: 

* Experience in the preparation of feasibility, 
conceptual and definitive estimates. 

Positions offer a competitive salary and benefits package 
commensurate with experience. 

For immediate consideration, please submit resume and 
salary history. 

Marcella Friswell 
Executive Secretary 
Marriott International Services 
New Lodge, Drift Road, 


£ 20,000 + 

This major private company has achieved a domi- 
nant position in the U.K. shopfining industry. 

You will have full responsibility for the employ- 
ment of 50 staff, a large number of sub-contractors 
and a turnover of £10 mil. 

We are looking for a dynamic general manager 
with experience in the shopfitting industry, pref- 
erably with a background in administration and a 
knowledge of the German language. Age guide: 
30 - 45. 

The company is located in a pleasant part of the 
South West and the substantial benefits package 
will include performance related bonus, pension, 
car, PPP, re-location expenses etc. 

The group is expanding and there will be excel- 
lent opportunities for further development for an 
ambitious, profit orientated and dedicated 

Write in strictest confidence to:- 

The Chairman, 

Cortian Limited, 

39, Portsmouth Road, 

Cobham, Surrey, KT11 1JQ. 


Instrument Rentals has a reputation as the world’s largest electronic 
equipment rental company, that is matched by the sue and availability 
of their product inventory. 

The company’s commitment to “all round” customer service coupled 
with planned European growth places strong demands upon the 
development of its personnel, and the receiti promotion of the Sales and 
Marketing Director has created the need for an experienced and 
dynamic professional manager to take up this challenging role. An 
electronics background is a prerequisite, as is a depth of corporate and 
man-management experience and skills that will enhance the existing 
management team operating from its UK headquarters in Berkshire. 

Those interested shoqld write enclosing brief career resumS and details 
of personal qualities, inchjdmg contact telephone numbers to: 
.Suzanne Roberts (ref: 1R/78). 

Resource Maximisation International. 

Executive Search & Selection. @ 

Stancrest House, 16 Hill Avenue. [ 

Amersham, Bucks . Tel: 02403 28851 

resource maximisation 

Accountants. MBAs & Economists 


I mm • ! N d IWI TOTTiT 

The first is the quafity of our 
people. Successful business profess- 
ional often find that rapid career 
progression creates a decreasing intel- 
lectual challenge. As they outdistance 
their colleagues, growing frustration 
is encountered with the less than fertile 
minds around them. 

At Touche Ross opposite circum- 
stances prevail. You will be working in 
a team where colleagues are intellectual 
equals. Where constant challenge and 
achievement is a fact of fife, not an 
empty dream. Where problem-solving 
ideas are exchanged and refined until 
an exact solution evolves. 

This insistence on total profession- 
alism. supported by excellent training, 
has resitted in our management con- 
sultancy practice doubfing in size over 
the past two years despite ever in- 
creasing market competition. 

The second, is the quaity of our 
assignment work. It is wide-ranging, 
demanding, often dealing with highly 
complex situations. Our clients are 
mainly blue-chip companies who more 
often than not return with further pro- 
jects as a result of the successful con- 
clusion of the last 

We are at the forefront of the 
management consultancy business and 
ouropea in formal structure encourages 
rapid personal achievement. 

If you possess a good first degree 
and i deafly an appropriate professional 
qualification, join us in London, Birming- 
ham, Manchester or Glasgow Salaries 
are negotiable and a car is provided. 

Please write or telephone, in 
total confidence to: Michael Hurton, 
(Ref: 2674), Touche Ross ft Co, Hill House, 
1 Little New Street London EC4A 3TR. 
Tel: 01 -353 8011. 

Computer Recruitment 
W1 c£ 12,000-+ comm. 

We are market leaders in assignment based 
specialist recruirment, operating across Banking, 
Insurance, and High Technology. Our Executive 
Search abilities are highly respected and we have 
a reputation for producing highly innovative, 
award-winning recruitment advertising. 

To assist in the development of our expanding, 
largely blue-chip diem base, we urgently require 
an additional Marketing Assistant for our 
Technology division. 

Responsibilities will include canvassing new 
and existing clients, research, and monitoring the 
computer press in order to arrange for out relevant 
specialist to secure new business. 

You should be of graduate calibre, ambitious, 
determined and resilient, in your mid 2Q's, with 
formal telesales training. Any computet industry 
or City experience will he a distinct advantage. 
The ambitious candidate can expect to progress to 
Account Executive within a year where earnings 
are unlimited and include a company car. 

for further information please write, 
enclosing follc.K, toCraigMillar, Associate 
Director of Information Technology, quoting 

& Touche Ross 

Management Consultant 

Personnel - Merchant Bank 

c£1 3,000 plus benefits 

r« (ookina for a personnel officer to join a Applicants, ideally of graduate calibre, must have 

an team involved with recruitment and one to two years general personnel experience 

s *n<35na The team is responsible for the Bank's including recruitment. Good communications 

Technology end Financial staff. These skills are essential. The successful candidate must 
,nf °vrrnnrtant and growing functions in the Bank, be able to relate to people at all levels in the Bank. 

rtnrfina them is regarded as equally important. The post offers both career development and an 
Suppora iy attractive package. 

Acot maker and market leader, our client is a For more information about this vacancy. Ref 675, 

A orrhant Bank. They are making a major and to arrange an initial interview, please 

in people as well as in Information telephone John Pitt on 01 608 0488, or send a full 
y r ^ pHnav to ensure their continued success. c.v. to our London office at the address below. 




ib[l n. if^ 1 fMoseSoPE LonflangciMh^HM mufiiaiMfifligEDS vaten>tgHaa8.ijreei»5ire? Leak WsaYortabreLSi 5fiw Tel (05 o2i<^6iE2 

IVI LV ttMWi ■■ - ■’—--I I- ww 

telephone John Pitt on 01 608 0488, or send a full 
c.v. to our London office at the address below. 

hrtr— Tiiltirrii 1 ^nrrfr nml *i rlr i flirn 
1 60 New Bond Street. London W l Y OH R 
TetephoneOJ -408 1670 



c. £17,500 p.a. 

One of London's major teaching 
.hospitals requires a general manager 
to be responsible for nursing and in- 
patient services. This 500 bed hospital 
incorporates a major research unit and 
is part of a Special 4 Hearth Authority. 

This is an ideal post for anyone of 
30 years + wishing to make a commit- 
ment to general management 

The objective of the post will be to 
raise the entire profile of the hospital's 
services. To achieve this requires a 
complete understanding of manage- 
ment principles with a systematic 
approach to problem solving. 

The ability to motivate and lead by 
example win be essential attributes of 
the successful candidate, in return, 
total autonomy is assured - reporting 
will be direct to the Unit General 

If you are a general or specialist 
trained nurse and have already 
reached a senior level of management, 
either within the NHS or independent 
sector, then please telephone or write 
to Venetia Crow in complete 


HIP 01 9374454 

■ m. m ■ ■ - ' 13 PRINCE OF WALES TERRACE 




Applications are Invited from * Yo rk 

that they may bo awe to w one or both ot mesa important pow** 
Racecourse. _ „ „ 

Yorttte a Category ‘A’ racecourse stagtog one of the m qg ^Pg^*”Samoniti 
meetings m Europe as part ot a Wteencfey ractng season wan meetings once 
from May to October. 

In addition, there are a number of non-racing! activities to be sxservtead 
thriving banqueting/funebon catering business. 

At app tc a t i on s must contain the foflowing mWmum personal datafls:- 



The names of two persons from whom references nwyperaaHiw 

employer (These wU not be used without poor permission). ^ 

A typed or printed C.V. may be enclosed with the tetter of appBcation. Pension and 
Private Health insurance Schemes are operated. _ 

AB apptcations wB be treated in the strictest confidence and should be submitted no 
jaterthan Monday 10th November 1986, addressed ta- 

c/o F.A. Lawton Esq. 

Duncombe Place 
York YOI 2QY 



The PRI is the qualifying professional body and learned 
society for polymer scientists and engineers and has an 
international membership of over 10,000. Applications 
are invited from either sex. for. this newly created post 


The AS(P) will assume responsibffity for the Institute's professional 
affairs, including education and training policy. 

The successful canddata wM have considerable experience in the 
polymer industry, ideally wffl be a Chartered Engineer, and may wall 
have taken early retireme n t 

The salary and benefits w» reflect the importance attached by the 
Council to this appointment 

Further details are available on request Full CVs and relevant sup- 
porting documentation should reach the S e cretar y-General of the 
Plastics and Rrtber Institute, 11 Hobart Place, London SW1W Offt, 
by 21 November 1986. 

Personnel Officer 


City of London 

1 ♦iHt'-f 1 1 I ' 

traditions of expertise, our clients belong to a major 
group employing 300 UK staff, 180 being City-based. 
They now require a Personnel Officer to assume overall 
personnel and recruitment responsibilities. 

involving extensive liaison with senior management, 

. duties indude providing information and advisory 
services forall staff, plus helpmg to formulate training 
schemes. Ybu'D also enjoy scope in developing and 
maintaining a computerised records system, so relevant 
computer experience is desirable. 

Energetic and communicative, with strong motivation 
qualities, you'll ideally combine a flexible approach with 
an 1PM qualification and at least five years’ experience. 
Prospects for career progression are excellent 
Please send a full cv ta- Richard Jordan, PER, Rex 
House, 4-12 Regent Street, London SW1Y4PP. 

Britain's Largest LwcirtfaT&wfomrt Consultancy 

An opportunity for independent consultants looking for a better 
business base, (or salaried people seeking freedom) to join our 
small team ok 

Management Consultants 

Human Resources % or £ negotiable 

Operating from an agreeable grade IT listed build mg two 
minutes from AIM and ten from M2S, you’ll get fill] support - 
business planning, secretarial, word processing, telephones, 
accounts/bookkee ping and soon -to enable yon to concentrate 
on finding assignments and building upyour practice. 

If you need a good trading name, we already have one in 
executive recruitment and selection for the healthcare industries. 
Show us how you would extend our select! on franchise into new 
business areas, orenable us to offer our present Clients a wider 
human resources service, and you can share the name as well 
as the office. 

Please telephone Roger Stephens for a brief exploratory talk, 
or write widi an outline of your career to date and personal 
plans for the future. 

Roger Stephens 


Management Search * Selection • Development 
Chequers House, ]-3 Park Street, CNd Hatfield. Herts AL95AT. 
Telephone 07072 75361 


West End financial 
services group 
require two (25+) 
people to train 
In management 

Successful . 
candidates wiH run 
office within 

18 months. 
Call Mr Scott oa 
01-439 8431 





■ ^20,000 + benefits 

An excellent opportunity h offered fay thi* 
US Bank for arrexperienoed poioimd 
zpd adnumstn inon mnager. Diwnt respoJE 
dm include die implementation of comno-fT 

nnfipv rw unl l iii ait. _ob,rv and _ jl“.™ny 

non. You win have excellent supbort 

need to have die energy and drive! esnemL 

fulfil this satisfy^ and rewarding roieT ^^ 1 to 

Contact: Oraae tfltofl on 01^489 0389 /286 2522 



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Use your accountancy or marketing skills 
In a rapidly developing environment . 

Tetra Business Systems is a young, 
eneigefc company which has test 
tome marie# leader in the 
devetopment aidsated quafily txisiness 
software packages for a wide range of 
applications. Our expertise has been 
further recognised by IBM's recent 
decision tomarketour software 

alongside their new 6150 mao. 

We now wish to strengthen our 
marketing activity with the appointment 
of a Product Manager tor a ranged 
compiler software - with particular 
emphasis on accountancy packages. 

You win provide toll marketing support 
to our energetic sates team, todudtog 
advertising and promotion, product 
planning and liaising with dev e lo pm ent 
staff on new products. This is a classical 
product management role providing a 
real opportunity to manage an exciting 
ranged products. 

ThischaBenging newposition requires 
a background in an appropriate 
appeal to a qualified accountant whose 

wfflfojm the baasof an interesting career 
move. Above all, you will offer the 
make a significant personal contribution 
to our fast moving expansion. 

Salary isin the range d£1 7,500, ptosa 
number d benefits including company 
car and relocation assistance as 

PJease send a comprehensive / 

CVtoGwyndhCfieesHran, m 

Recruitment Manager, //7 ‘ 

Tetra Business Systems Limited, 

Teira House, 14-16 Temple Bid, 

High Wycombe, 

Bucks HP135DR. 

Tet (0494) 450291. 


l LAN 


House ofFraseq Europe’s largest Department Store Group, 
have two excellent opportunities for dedicated and 
professional buyers. 

One appointment is for a Mens Leisurewear buya; the other 
for Boyswear age 2-15 years. Candidates must have a proven 
track record in the relevant product area combined with 
creative flair They must be able to develop exciting ranges 
from both UK ami International sources and be proficient 
at forward planning. 

The salary package w31 be competitive and wifl indude the usual 
large company benefits. 

To apply, send a detailed CV to; 

, ; Mr.R.Lee,Houx(fFms^-pIa 

IHowui Place, L/mdmSWlPlBH. 


v«. mw be in the wrong »b. have unfuffilted ambitions or have been made redundant Our individuaHy tailored, 

writ awe tfrat you Jrttaifi your career oto^ecOves qurckly. To ammoe a 
fee. confidential discussion tetefdione 81-S31-1110 

Euecutiuc Action 

37 Queen Anne Street.. London W1M qFR 



n m a mssz&sXi M M 

Our continued 
io a vacancy 

nh and expansion has readied 
a negotiaior in the Spanish 

cny buyers both Sce^o-tacc anu w 


Experience of selling property Of * 

Costa del Sol preferred but above att. 

tude. personality, enthusiasm and a real desire io 

work hurd and suceed are wtiai we re seekiog- 

Safary and commission package flexible. 

Please write enclosing curriculum vitae to: 

Karen Lynch 
Cbestertoos Overseas 

110 Kensington High Street 
London W8 7 RW 

A subsidiary of Prudential Property Services Ud. 


A Dubai based Maintenance 
Manager (Mate or Female) for its 
Services Division". 

Charing and Janitorial Ser- 
vices Dwison. Tax free saisy 
arard LBOOO/- per armom + 
penjiasitBs and partly to- 
mstwl fexarnmodaun. 

ipany wishes to recnril a 
; "tfesnm and Jarttoriai 


LONDON Exceflait Salary &ftcka^l^MiaHe 

As a resuk of continuing successfiil growth, Senior Management 
International, the Executive Search Dtviskjn of das {nrerExec SMI Group, 

Qmdkkes, probably aged 33-45, should have a graduate or professorial 
qualification, a proven record of success in setting and achieving high 
sondatdsof reairimmpraaices, with a suceesduloik tecoidgaineddditt 
in Personnel Management or as an Executive Search Consultant. 

To su cc eed in this loey role, candidates should be naturally confident, 
fftceUecxuaSy able and retail? accustomed to worktog ar a senior letief . 

A competitive salary and package is negomble. 

Please apply in writing with full personal and career details to: 

Stephen Mawdiir, Managing Director 

Senior Management mteiiwtfonai 

Executive Search Consukants M 

Landseer House. 

19, Daring Cross Rood, 

Station Manager 

Gas Compression Station 

E W Management Opamtions Ltd. a member of the Foster 
Wheeler Group of Companies, requires an experienced 
Graduate Engineer for the overall management of this remote 
station wfthm fhefndtan sub-continent j 

The Station has qss turbine driven, gas compression and power : 
generation fectfities.The successful applicant will have had a > 
minimum' of lOyeais* previous experience In either the 
operation and/brmeuntsnance management of a simitar 
installation in an overseas tocattoa 

This is asmgle status assignment for an initial period of one 

Candidates who meet these specifications should apply In 
writing to the Manpower Advisoi; 


1 Foster Wheeler House, Station Road, Reading, Berkshire RG1 1LX. 

I Tel: Reading (0734) 502121. 

I i A member or Ute Foster WheeteiGioupot Companies. 





SteqorcdfDraiiiodexii hospital project 

— A lUiUilinli i i l ii mrin ilrlur iniii»n»fmni»nriprrifmin n i 1 i|ii»l ifT rWin o in 

— A reco^tpoed qumificatkn, in hcahh ct ing uym PH I n mVorl 

— A p p r o pria te Waning io «nd heakh cair tna ro m cr nc o i. 


L At lam IOyBK»epe ri cBO c inhw^t»lma o » y* nm»wid,3ycOTO«»enioTlcwl. 
2. Prcferobly MMfdk Eott cxpcntncc ot « senior levcL 


L To eoordimiotbcMark for the dcvetoproaiiafiltc project leafing uikd cample. 

tion m^e, 

2. To fame wkb canabm, contraeton and the owner on phnnt dndop- 

■p - > 


£14,B40 + BENEFITS 

3. To atoofear «B mpeeBiof the worit on the project devcl o pme p i. 

4. To cootroi. in nm ci oion wMuhcowno-. the financial mpcetaoC die projec t. 

5. TojdMiPPd prepare X i a ut k * for the co mpl co or i of the project Le. loctwork 

6. To prepnre hmirnp— ipnalpalfeim in Bnewitfi the p*ukwoph> of the owner. 

7. Toanripeforth ecooMr wa an i» m .iaofc ' dwa ti i m andon w iin n pha>caoftHcHo«- 

8. ^iiiMaC ahiu cn W> theowoermtheappei«it n ie m ofaenioroWc iafo m>dtoocti- 

VfltClbc f r r r m wittn^n t p||B, 

9. To act a» Hotpitol Director when the Hospital it io op era tion. 

ba mri pn m»Biifofepfo( f»rific^oan lwil»«adU iai iut b 


(Property Jt Real Estate Diva ion> 

P.a Box 1049. Jeddah2143i. Saudi Anbio. 

. RovbI Ordnance Small Anns lid Is 
Grvat Britain's centre of excellence for 
the research, dutd^n. development and 
manuFactoro of rifles, machine suns, 
cannon end ammunition of up to 30mm 
calibre. This Dtvision of Royal Ordnance 
pic is looking to focus ilt> InlegrnlBd 
resoii reus towards a ranee of Innovative 

Our factory and research and develop- 
ment complex is situated at Enflotd In 
Middlesex. A vneuncy has now arisen 
them for a manager to laic responsibility 
for the CAD CAM facility 

This will embrace mannunmaat of 
‘fail safe' procedures; liaison with the 
Information Technology Operations 
Manager ccmcornint; periodic software 
upgrades, routine maintenance and 
clarification of user queries; evaluating, 
recommending purchase and Installing 
associated and additional software: 
maintaining system security: supporting 
users by providing usur-friendly pro- 
cedures and facilities; participating In 
system management meetings; and 

monitoring maintenance contracts. The 
successful candidate s likely (a how a 
background in engineering and drawing 
office practice, in n roscnrefi and develop- 
ment environment In Cow rumenl or 
industry At least two wars’ experlvnre 
of openitUig CAD' CAM systems is 
essential: previous exposure to the 
Ferranlt CAM-X sislem and V.VX hard- 
ware would dearly be .ldvuntageaus. 
The prolcnvd ago range of candidali's 

Emptoym benefits indudt- a generous 
pension schume. sick pay scheme, and 
leave allow an cu. Limlied rolocuThm 
expenses up io CS.OQO may be ovalkihle. 

Please write u personalised letter 
and u cv, qaoling rnfurenco SAE L3SH 
CADIZ to: The PorsonniJ Officer <21. 
Raya) Ordnance (Small Artnst Ltd. 
Ordnance Road. Enfield. Middlesex 
EN3 6JL Closlug date for uppliCHlions- 
14 November 1980. 

Royal Ordnance pic is an equal 
opportunities employee 


J CAMBRIDGE c£ 16,000 ^ 

\ A solid rnuftf-natkxial high tech company have created an opening for a newfy-quaflflad accountant to S 
A step into a senior position within an autonomous subsidiary. w . 

Reporting to the Managing Director you wilf be responsible fw controSng all financial aspects of the y 

A The role oftere defined career progression, a friendly small company atmosphere coupled with targe 

V company benefits. You must be aMeto work under pressure and be motivated by the chaBenge and 

A teaming opportunity offered. An attractive aatoy reflects the Importance of this posteop and future 

V prospects for marwgement progression are excellent 

A Kevin Uoyd-Roe 
A Executive Consultant 

y Blue Arrow Executive Resowces 


Tel: (0223) 358820 

- aujEAsaow 

Administration Controller 

c£l 2 K-hcar-hmanagementgrowth 

An antltnusyounggmckBDevvitii&co u ntin g Centre experience looking far 
career groiMhCDuidrrt find a better opening. Because this role should lead tore 
wfdCrarea managementlna E30rrH- conforythatsdoubledits regional 
branches in 18 months. 

■Bas^ inQoydoa thoughwibi anjrxnal6morxh periodspenrinW. ' 
Ixxxjorvyoul have icspon^biity for an Area's admirisnadon and vviOrkofoe 
you in supervising acnxns staff, esnooting the aaxxmtxig and aedit control 
preparing regubr maragementA business reports as well as assessing ways erf 
improving Branch & Area dfcierxy. 

The person we're seeking though not neoessariy quaffed, shouM haue an 
undeoraiding of aoooirarig principles indutfing the preparation of P & L 
acaxnB, condderabiesupeivisoiy operiencearxt imporaTty. the potential to 
grow. UaeV ages around 25-30. 

Coupled ro the exoelerx training and prospeas into area management the 

benefits padrage includes oanpetitive sataiy. car and pensxxyKfe assurance 

only wfth career detaks ttr 
Paul Rlgcfen, Bensons Reaifecnwnt 67fe Bed 
Street Relate, Surrey, RH2 7AL 



Circa 32K + Car 

Parc is a unique and fast growing company specialising in marketing 
and funding the rental of high value high technology equipment 

Among our clients are major suppliers and manufacturers, wife whom 
we have a dose and continuing, relationship to develop new marketing 
policies which will promote increased sales and profits. 

We are looking for experienced people who have worked within this kind 
of relationship and who wish to advance their careers. Suitable appli- 
cants are likely to have a proven track record in the sale of mainframe 
computers. Age is not a factor but it is unlikely that anyone under 30 
years old would have the requisite maturity or depth of experience. 

If you want to join an energetic and expanding company where there are 
exceftent career prospects, write with full personal ana career details to: 

Recrvitmern AOi'ertising & Selection 


Are you a 5-star ultra professional? 

Are you self-motivated; experienced in 
International Hotel Marketing and desperate 
to develop your career potential? 
London's newest, most prestigious muW- 
mitSon operation needs individuals with style 
and originality to match their own. 

TO 14K. 

Susan Beck R 0?584 f 6242 

exceBent career prospects, write with lull perse 

The Managing Director, Parc Limited 

30 Eastbourne Terrace, London W2 6LG 

£12,000 north WALES 

nHwiirtMaM rtmnnln numiltrtu"* » Wye W** 
ptirrfiaww Manager Beall* the 

ror rvrtiwr WonooU*. ajm 'g» 

Marx mount o« Ol S36 Biw 
JAC Becromwcnl 

it should have 7 - 10 years experience n 
of cleaning public utilities, hospitals, schools 
etc. and Industrial Clearing and Maintenance as well as 
routine work. Experience 

'i*-' I. II i-'lrn 'i.'l : 

cant must have a driving licence. 

Reply in confidence to: 


Afrkfi, Ahmed A As socia te s , 
73 Brook Street, 

London, W1Y 1YE. 

(World Famous Jewellers) 


S*»ninr and Jnnior Saks Persons required for their 
Bond Street Showrooms. Bilingual (french). Per- 
sons with jewellery busmen background preferred. 

Excellent salaries and extras for suitable 

Please apply in writing with C.V. to-. 

Van Cleef A Arpels, 

153 New Bond Street, 

London Wl. 

Based North Midlands - South Manchester 
Generous 5-figure Basic Salary 
+ Executive Car & Benefits 

Rapid? exporting Manufacturing Subsidiary ot 
major PLC seeks experienced Individual to 
strengthen their Sales a Marketing effort 
App Scants should bo in their 30 s, have an FMCG 
Background -Perhaps at Brand/Produd Manager 
Level or equivalent - and to have the abifity to 
initiate and implement short* and long-term 
marketing strategies. This is a senior post within 
the Company and as such offers considerable 
scope for career development 

Negotiable Basic c£12,5DQ+: 
Exceptional ComiressioQ Scheme 
Choree of Quality Car & FuH Benefits 

This is a rare opportunity to join a highly 
progressive and achievement orientated industrial 
products manufacturer where real management 
prospects will occur within the short-term. 
Applicants must be aged 27-33, of Graduate 
caflbra, have a stable employment record and be 
tide to demonstrate success within an industrial 
sailing environment Superior negotiation skills 
and real ambition are prerequisites, immediate . 
opportunities exist for people based in (a) Leeds 
and sunoumfing areas, and (t>) East Mid tends, but 
applications are ateo invited from other parts of the 

in the first instance, please telephone Eugene 
Tansay on 061 834 3232 (24 Hours) or send your 
CV to him at the address below as soon as 


4Ui Floor, 6S< Asa's Sqaxre, 
MANCHESTER, M27HN.fl6rt3«2n 



Ad experienced and imaginative person is 
sought to run the retail mail order and 
future expansion of these areas within ILA. 
Enterprises. The successful candidate will 
have a sound retail business and 
accounting knowledge. Salary £10,000 - 
£12,000. Pension and bonus schemes. 

Please send a CV. and hand written 
covering letter to the Personnel Officer. 
Royal Academy of Arts, Piccadilly, 
London Wl V ODS. 

Dosing date 13 November. 

VERSATILE and InteUtteM part 
turn nvcMmust/TOratioiilM / 

bivotcer maid W Itvrly good 

food connny in Vauxnall 1 lo 
5 30 pm. Pmw phone -Emma 
BuJJack an 01-627 7770. 

SKI guidn/nuM girts required 
lor French Alps. Please write 
with tfriaUs or rooking + suing 
pxb io NHM. 38 Vorv Avenue. 
Hudomnetu. HD2 sqt 

Wl PubOsUagOofniuzU' rroutres 
young person to «nn o» eireuia 
Uon departmenl woriuno on 
new Ana ncims BUMic aw™ 
The work Involves research 
and leu eompiUDoa. aeslmg 
wan reader mourners ana w*- 
son with editorial and 
ndvertttma droanroents. Musi 
be owe to work on own intha- 
live. Salary according to A.A.C. 
Please send cv Ur FrUnty 
NdVdlCT. Onu ur Onamuiuca 
Hons. a9-EO Portland Street. 
London Wiv «AX. 

recrimmmi business opens op, 
ooriuniim lor partners wittf 
senior ma&agenwM npnmirf 
not necessarily as recruiters lo 
inn our success! lit team tt vour 
slimoUR are In client service 
and you na\ r* a sincere desire to 

provide quality emudunoi w 
would like to hear Irani you. 
ideal age 35 55 wiuun 60 

miles oi London Please write, 
giving nreti details, to Box 300. 
Dmuiif RKrullmrol Assoc la . 
two. IO Bekwave Square- 
London SW1X B PH ? 

smart sell motivated, 

oraduam/wioN leavers U8+- 
to lest ynur selling skill* mar net : 
tng and promoQng up marKcr 
etrctrtmic comes chess, btwge.* 
scrabble Posmons In Iradtnm 
dept stores in London and Ser . 
rey through lo Jun/Fch. Good. 

IM4r old-. COOUmsMnn Tel Ol . 
57T 1700 . * 

ARE YOU a IlKKOughb' ntce uug , 
viduol. under 4fi. casaote ol,' 
diulinq eftenentty wim People ■ 
and property W SWI ? Busy D> • 
late Agents OMer a tunc L 
£10.500 * very good comnua 1 
wn which will earn in evress, 
Ol £20000 D a Ot 821 0786 ■ 

Hire Comnanv in wnt London * 
Car lure esnerwnce evidential 
V..UXS PERSON also iisnured. * 
ranenener ntcaui. Tvlcpbonc * 
(business) 01 9<» DolT levins)'. 
01-995 9703 




BANKING & accountancy 

Research & Development Analysts 


London c.£l 5,000 

teading *? YoUr knowted S e of clearing and/or money 

in the effective use of the latest transmission systems should be 

e 9 ui P me " t in banking and accompanied by a professional qualification 

«air ^ transn ] B5,on - And. we’re banking on hi banking/ finance or computer studies 

s^-moovated, innovative analyses to Systems development experience is 

maintain and build upon this success. essential, preferably in relation to COBOL, 

Joining our newly-formed Banking Research NCR * I ’ systems, Reader-Sorters and 

andDevelopment Department, you will Sperry. You must have good interpersonal 

assist in the development of new strategies, skills coupled with an analytical approach 

systems and technologies for money and the ability to manage and motivate 

transmission. This will indude providing staff. Knowledge of statistical research and 

computer systems advice and software analysis would also be advantageous, 

development. You will also be involved in The salary, negotiable dependent on 
me co-ordination of major projects experience, is accompanied by the benefits 

fnerong all operational areas of Banking to be expected of a large financial 

5ervkes - institution, including relocation assistance 

where appropriate. 

Please telephone or write for an 
application package, to 
EWI Whitehead, Personnel Manager, 

Abbey National Building Society, 

Baker Street, London NWI 6XL 
Tel: 01-486 5555 ext 4551. 





Commercial Management 

London W1 

The world leader in its specialist market 
our client has a turnover of £1 20m. The 
commercial department at the head office 
establishes and drives international 
strategy and pricing policies. 

As part of this team and reporting to the 
Commercial Director you will determine 
international pricing in the company's 
global markets. This win include contract 
bids and tenders as well as regular price 

Ideally aged 27-32 you should be a 
Spaduate with a good under- 
standng of accounting 
and preferably 

c£ir,000 + Car 

be familiar with a multi-national group in 
a role that has embraced more than one 

Proven prospects of this position are 
outstanding -the group sees this role 
as offering an excellent introduction to 
its operations as there is regular 
exposure to senior management who 
will judge your success on your 
creativity and imagination. 

Please write with full career details 
and daytime telephone number 
John P Sleigh, FCCA, 

Pi quoting reference 



A guide to 

career development 

Staying cool in the fast lane 

Although it is relatively 
easy to enter the road 
transport business, to 
make a company viable 
requires ingenuity and 
expertise. Roger Jones 
considers the challenge 
that confronts the 
transport manager 

“Diplomacy can be a challenging job, 
but no more so than any other. In fact, I 
would say that managing a transport 
office Is a much more exacting task.” 

This sentiment expressed years ago by 
a senior diplomat in a beleaguered Asian 
capital came back to me recently as I was 
sitting in the office of a road haulage 
contractor. While there were very few 
trucks in evidence, the place was a 
bewildering hub of activity. 

A driver phoned in to report a vehicle 
breakdown at Matlock. A customer 
enquired whether a load coukl be 
collected for Italy in three hours time. A 
Department ofTransport official arrived 
to check the firm's Tachograph cards, 
between interruptions the beleaguered 
traffic officer still had to find return 
loads for vehicles about to arrive at Fort 
William, Falmouth and Felixstowe. 

No doubt, similar scenes were being 

Good commercial acumen 
is of paramount importance 

enacted at the offices of a good many of 
the other 124,000 licensed truck op- 
erators up and down the country. If tins 
seems a lot of firms, one has to 
remember that 70 per cent of them are 
very small operations owning just one or 
two vehicles. 

It is, after all, relatively easy to gain en- 
try to the road transport industry. All 
you need is a second-hand truck and an 
operator's licence, you're in business. 
However, to make that business viable 
and successful requires ingenuity and 
expertise. And this is where the pro- 
fessional transport manager comes in. 

It is convenient to divide the industry 
into two categories. Firstly, there are the 
own account operators, whose interests 
are looked after by the Freight Transport 
Association. These are organisations 
such as supermarkets and breweries that 
maintain their own fleet of vehicles to 
distribute their goods. 

The other type of operator is the 
professional haulier who carries other 
companies' goods for a fee, and be is 
represented by the Road Haulage Associ- 
ation. Such firms can carry anything 
from tin-whistles to timber, and their 
profit is derived solely from the carriage 
of other people's goods. 

Keeping vehicle standards high is one responsibility of transport managers 
Some may specialise — in the carriage controlling a dispersed workforce o 
' parcels, bulk haulag e or general independent outlook. . 

of parcels, bulk haulage or general ***'*>-»~**'~”* — — - . . . 

haulage, for example, and although the U %dps also to be methodical jano 
road transport lobby in this country is cod-beaded. The situation 0211 
reckoned to be influentiaL this does not from hour to hour, and aicc^oepenas 
mean that ownership of a truck or a fleet on one’s capacity to juggle with delivery 
of trucks is a licence to print money. Far times, part loads, customer preierenoes 
from it. Government le gislati on, high and a hundred other considerations. 

Kiel prices, depressed rates and strong In a haulage company comme rcial 
competition mean that hard work alone acumen is of paramount important, a 
is no guarantee of success. You have to manager has to be able to cost toads ai 
be efficient, as welL the drop of a hat and decide on the spot 

Greater efficiency can only be whether to ac ^f, 
achieved through better planning and co- mo r e ’ II unusualto get 
ordination, a^I in tltiT regSd it is. nonce, of ^^ requirements and 
noticeable that while the number of last minute changes of plan tend to £ethe 

lUbcamc uku wiurv uiv uwuuw ui — : . _ ~ . _ . , ry r; f 

operatives currently hovers about the 90 n4te rather than the exception. Persis- 
per cent level, the proportion of man- ffic e is another quality much to be 
agerial and clerical staff bas increased desired- 

considerably during the last two decades. £ « sum** *Z ** : “S’ . *23? 

i . - - a: ■ . , which operate on the Continent as well, 

A transport officer m an own account ha ve to be prepared with the 

eration is adeemed primarily with lhoroug j; 5 ness 0 f a military campaign, 
e efficient distribution of goods. He ^ permits to be applied for, visas 

s to optimise the routing °f his ^ ^ obtained and all manner of 
hides in order to save tune and j Dternat ionaI documentation to be corn- 

operation is concerned primarily with 
the efficient distribution of goods. He 
has to optimise the routing of his 
vehides in order to save time and 
particularly fuel. (An articulated vehicle 
runs at six or seven mites to the gallon.) 
In some cases he (or she) might well 
decide it would be cheaper to call in an 
outside contractor. 

Apart from vehicle scheduling trans- 
port management can also email 
responsibility for vehicle maintenance 
and warehousing. And while large firms 
are starling to use computers to take the 
donkey work out of the day to day 
routine, in the final analysis it is the 
transport manager's judgement that 
court is. 

For the road haulage contractor there 
is the added necessity of makings profit 
Because margins are tiny, loads have to 
be costed very precisely and every effort- 
made to obtain an adequate rale. Once a 
journey has been arranged, the hauler 
has to find a customer close toa vehicle's 
destination in order to arrange a return 

“If I see an unladen trailer coming into 
this yard, it breaks my heart.” The 
managing director of the small but 
successful road haulage firm I was 
talking to. had good reason to express 
concern. In the competitive business of 
road haulage running your vehicles 
empty for long stretchy is the sure road 
to ruin. 

What son of qualities does a transport 
manager need? Man-management abil- 
ities are certainly of great importance, 
since the job entails motivating and 

There are few dull moments 
In this energetic line of work 

pie ted. Overtook one detail and your 
truck may not mak e its destination. 

The way into transport management is 
through the acquisition of the CPC 
(Certificate of Professional Com- 
petence), for which there is an examina- 
tion set by the Royal Society of Arts that 
covers ail the legislation relating to truck 
operation and more besides. The RSA 
recommends 65 direct teaching hours to 
prepare for the national road operations 
certificate, with a further 30 hours aogain 
competence in international operations. 

Courses are available up and down the 
country at colleges and other training 
establishments. More advanced courses 
are available at such centres as tin 
Ashbridge Centre for Transport Manage- 
ment, the North London Polytechnic 
and the East Warwickshire College of 
Further Education — to name but a few. 
The Road Transport Industry Training 
Board (Capitol House. Empire Way, 
Wembley) can provide foil details. 

Transport professionals as a whole 
seem to enjoy their work. “Once you’ve 
been in transport, you get bitten by the 
bug and can’t give it up,” an addict 
confessed to me. From what I can see 
there is rarely a dull moment in this line 
of business. 



Milton Keynes c.£ 18,000 

As the mortgage marketplace becomes 
increasingly competitive, the Abbey 
National is Ixpanding its activities and 
expertise in the area of commercial 
loans. In the newly-created position of 
Manager of this area, you will play a 
major role 'm its expansion. 

You will be the Society’s expert on all 
commercial lending and will research 
and review the existing policy in oitier 
to maintain our competitive edge in 
this rapidly-changing sector. Leading a 
snail team of specialists, you will be 
responsible for assessing the viability 
and profitability of proposed projects, 
supervising the credit collection service 
and maintaining the mortgage asset. 
You must have around 5 years' 
comprehensive experience of 
mortgage policy, together with a 



general awareness of the market for 
commercial loans. A working 
knowledge of litigation, conveyancing 
and current housing legislation is also 
essential. You should preferably have 
an accountancy qualification and 
ACBSI, coupled with excellent 
communication skills and the ability to 
lead and motivate staff. 

The salary will be accompanied by the 
benefits to be expected of a large 
financial institution, together with 

★ excellent pension scheme 

* subsidised BUPA ★ on-site 
gymnasium ★ subsidised restaurant 
facilities * relocation package where 

Please write or telephone for an 
application package, to Barbara Miles, 
Personnel Department, 

Abbey National Building Society, 
Abbey House, 201 Grafton Gate East, 
Milton Keynes MK9 IAN. Telephone: 
Milton Keynes (0908) 691122 ext 3173. 
The closing date for applications, 
which are invited from all sections of 
the community, is 7 November 1986. 

Newly OR Partly 


a new opening has been created for a newly or partly qualified 

accountant who Is op * 30rnjnjly 10 

Accounts Manager 

owrrtinfi directly to the Mana- desirable but is not essential. 
ftep i^S m ert/toxJunting,you should be technically corp- 
se a snail petem. enthusiastic and be able 

v™ nfaccounts personnel, to work on your own initiative. 

financial information In addition to a competitive 
in excess of £850 salary the remuneration pack- 
ed of audit in age will include a variety of 

me‘finanMsec tor would be company benefits. 

anojeants should write with fun career details to 
csanP^tts,Manulife Intematonai investment Office, 
g^Street House, 55 Old Broad Street. London EC2M 1TL 

Mariir Life 

Life Insurance 






Pearson pic, the UKholding company of an extremely successful International group which includes 
such companies as the Financial Times, Penguin, Royal Doulton and Lazard, is seeking to enhance 
its i n-house expertise through the appointment of an Assistant T ax Manager to its small, professional 
head office team in London. 

The Assistant Tax Manager will share responsibility for the tax affairs of the head office companies 
and the organisation of group tax matters in the most tax-efficient fashion. Tax planning will be an 
important part of the job. 

Candidates should be qualified accountants or Inspectors of Taxes with around two years corporate 
tax experience and be of sufficient calibre towork largely without supervision. Career progression can 
lead to another financial appointment at the head office or elsewhere within the group. 

For further information please contact Annie Maxey or Fran Friedman, consultants to the organisation 
forth is assignment on (01) 831 2288. Evenings & weekends (01) 881 4767 or (01) 360 7902 respectively, 
or write in strictest confidence to: 




c £18,000 + Mortgage + Benefits + Relocation assistance 

Confederation Life is an international company with a dynamic growth 
record and is currently developing new business lines in financial 

We are looking to recruit for three openings to perform a variety of 
functions including taxation, company statements, computer systems 
development, cash management, secretarial and internal control. Each 
position leads a team to assist them in the performance of these tasks. 

The Company is seeking those who are willing to take on challenging 
responsibilities and are able to work in a rapidly developing environ- 
ment. We are willing to train the right people on all relevant aspects of 
financial services. 

For further details and an application form, contact: 

Caroline Bradfiefd on 01-438 4804 or alternatively send your 
CV. to her at Confederation Life Insurance, 50 Chancery Lane» 
London WC2A I HE 

Confederation Life 

' INBUBANCt COMPANY ■■ ■■ i ■ i N\ 


We are a growing publishing company 
and wish to recruit a chief accountant 
experienced in the p rep a ra ti on of 
4rionthly financial and management 
accounts from a computerised accounting 
systems. The successful candidate would 
be between 25 and 35. 

Salary depends on age and experience. 

Please send CVs to Annie Clowes, 
Personnel Manager, 

SO Poland Street, London WJ. 




A leading UK institution with a unique 
investment idea wishes to appoint three 
people between 30 and 45 for its marketing 
operations. Possible earnings in excessof 
£30,000 (commission) per annum. 

Tel: Ian Kdorood 
Son Life Unit Services 
on 01-242 2222 


TO £20,000 

Mnraomt lank auks nn ■ 


nmwis npensncB on raur uk 
tr Fnndi cooane sde. Vnd 
product tawntanga BnantU. 
Cortact Ncota. v 
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238 1686 . 




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To US$35,000 tax free 

Several exciting commercial opportunities exist for young qualified 
accountants in a variety of businesses on this beautiful island. Our clients, 
both large and small, offer stimulating, demanding jobs in Insurance, Risk 
Management and Retailing, ranging from Financial Accountant to 
Controller level. Those suitable should be single, sports-minded and 
outgoing and ideally be aged between 24 and 28. 

These openings offer an ideal combination of superb career prospects and 
superior living conditions. 

If you would like to discuss your potential for a role in Bermuda contact 

Graham Palfery-Smith or Michelle Ser on 01-629 4463 or write with 
career history to the address below quoting reference : GJPS 707. 

HARRISON 6c WILLIS LIMITED (Financial Recruitment Consultants). CARDINAL HOUSE. 39-40 ALBEMARLE ST. , LONDON W1X 3FD. 

TELEPHONE: 01-629 4463. 



Placing Accountants first 


EC3 £1 7,500+ profit share 

City slock brokers require commercially minded accountant seeking . a 
move away from straight accounting. Financial analysis, profitability, and 
project based, role using newly installed micro systems. REF C4939 
MONUMENT 9 Eastcheap,EC3M 1 BN 01-6260666 


MAYFAtR ~ to £18,000 

Young Qualified ' Accountant sought by Investment Managers with 
substantial portfolio. Initial role incorporates board reports, appraisals 
and sophisticated systems enhancement. Substantial future 

Board prospects. REF: Cb473 

BOND ST 79 New Bond Street W1-Y9DB 01-4933813 


W1 £11,500 

Property development company seeks Assistant Management Accountant 
io devdop cooing systems, assist with sysians dev^pn^n and liaise at 

all levels. Benefits:. BUPA study package and NCPS. 

BAKER ST 706 Baker Street, W1M 7LA 



WC1 £19,000+ PACKAGE 

Highly respected investment house poised Tor rapid expansion offer at- 
tractive package to professional accountant. Experienced in financial 
reporting, business devdopmenL market analysis and systems appraisal. 
REF: 01524 

HOLBORN 307/8 High Holbom,WC1V7LR 01-4044561 


PLCs, Entertainment Co’s 
Eurobond Dealers 

Newly QuaKfieds/Fmallsts 


This prestigious 22 partner practice of Chartered Accountants 
han a highly impressive client base offering variety and 
outs tanding prospects to ACA's/ACCA’s/Knalists. . 

The firm continues to eapand its range of clients and now needs 
Senior personnel in the Audit and Tax. Departments. 
The 40 strong AUDIT GROUP is renowned for high te ch nical 
standards and the individuals appointed will eryoy . • the 
experience of working within two interacting sections • 
computer audit • full CPE. courses • c£15,000 pa. 

The TAX DEPARTMENT offers Qualified Accountants foil 
responsibility for a portfolio of personal and corporate tax 
clients. Headed up by 5 specialist partners you will receive full 
study assistance for ATH and fixture involvement in tax 
planning. (£17.000 pa. 

information and their latest brochure. 

Tel: 01-242 6321 

personnel Resources 75 Gray's Inn Road I^ndoo WC1X8US 



Salary from £10,000 

Small bur fosr growing ^ Wsr End property company requires 
experienced numerate PJV. familiar with microcomputers to give full 
support n> Finance Director. Book-keeping to nial balance 
knqwdpdgp rerenriaL Other responsibilities will include office 
administration and some secretarial work. 

Apply in writing to: 

EO. Box 244 
London. 5W11 4EQ 



£12,000 + MTG 

The Director of a 
wtftn a leading 
Bank is looking for an 
Assistant to imp him with 
the Mattering of tlas new 

You win need U> be flexMe 
and restitent with excellent 
rommunraboo sxiBs as you 
wfl be tasng with dents 
aH over Europe. 

A Strang interest in 
marketing, an emmisiastic, 
confident personality and 
the nesre to process within 
this successful company are 
e sse nti a l. 

Skdls: 90/60Age mid 20 s 

726 8491 


Judy Farquhanon limited 

47 New Bond Street London, W1Y SHA. 


A first class top PA with immaculate oroan isi ng and 

typing skills to manage the Ife and work of a top art 
expert and Ms team (Modem American & British 
Art). Gr ad u ate or Alevel catfern, very 
and with a stable record at Director 



C.£1 1,000 

Superb career oppoitaaBv with total involvement for 
bright personable PA to MD of thriving trading and 
finance company, based in central London. Plenty of 
scops to use your initiative as vital team-member in 
dynamic, but above all friendly, environment. Short- 
hand - accuracy rather than speed. IBM WP (will 
train). Age 26+. Excellent prospects and benefits. 
Please phone Jill Wotton on 01-403 7522/7524. 

Alliance Management Consultants Ltd. 


Used to working at ths lend? 
Swot AdnwnEuaor (25-35 jnj 
vrtH caowe short h a n d, typing + 
A'Jmd engksti rcqursti by t«0 
Dnetorc til ths tamaus Pvbbc 
Company. Ww IMP openmes 
prened trot wai cross tan. 
Oigance functions and kusawtii 
level otticais. PrestwnE 
a Die Cq. Elf JB0 pa. 

Far o 


Tin Dakar 

8V-838 S7M 


E11JJ80+ rams 

City Snckbnokar. 
Shorthand and WP akOs 
required. Must be able to 
usa Inroeove. Exwflem 

Tel G37 3822 
Sefed AttooMraantt He 
(Res Cobs) 


Advertising and 

An exciting secretarial job working for two international 
advertising and marketing executives, in the Geld of 
perfumery, cosmetics and toiletries, situated in pleasant 
offices on the Embankment, overlooking the river, 
near Fleet Street. 

Must have excellent secretarial skills and be a 
capable organiser. 

Good holiday arrangements, excellent staff 
restaurants and the usual benefits plus a delightful 
working environment. 

Please send C.V. to: 

Miss P.M. Wtffiams, 

Unilever House 

Head Office Personnel Department 
Bhckfriars, London EC4P4BQ. 




If you am looking (or b position wiih tots o I variety. raponaMty 
end proccecn nr promotion, then mad on. 
we are toaung tor someone spent nffii responsible seent- 
tarot vacancy (Mum our busy rendenual sates oftoo based in 
Bames, SW13. 

You must be ot smart appearance, wen spoken whfi an outgoing 
personality, mpy wonong under presstsa as pert ot a friend^ 
turn, nave a good sense ol numow - and nave accurate typng. 
You wdl almost cenamty Raw a mownum ot 3 or 4 ‘O' lewis. 
H you (tank you mgra fit me b*. please write wU) M CV to: 
Margaret A. Gfroy, 

Personnel Manager, 

273 Chiswick High Road, 

London W4 4PU. 


FROM £7,500+ 

A leading International Oil Company requires an efficient 
secretary in ifcch London office to work in ns refined Products 'Q 
DcpanmcnL Anoticauu musi he able (o use a word processor 
and possess shorthand and general secretarial skills. An inter- 
C9 in world a flam would be a definite advantage, bui is not 
essential. Fur ihr ngtn Candida ic. ibis vacancy on lead to 
gpod oppommiucs tor personal development and future 


There is a competitive Starting salary from £7300 pa + 
overtime. 4 weeks holiday, free lunches. BUPA and pension 
scheme. Please send C.V .io 
Miss Salfivaa. Persosmd Dept. 

Ceaeral Petre l ema tad Mineral Services (Cl) Ltd, 

15 Knjgbisbridge. Loodoo SWl. 

Or telephone 81 235 7860 


SH/audW io work for a 
SaJas/MkOrn Dtrector. AOBUy 
to iw own mmatiw tucraui. 
Salary c£9.ooa sang Marta 
Bond al RPt on ai 088 WB. 
1&28 Tooemaclr SJ. London. 
EC2A ABN. Agy. 1 

ow now* mm are uno Aon- 
tuna) io acnsi Marketing and 
Pro m otio ns onrecior. rook wd 
press ruHuw an) umse wim 
mtmm £8.0004 ^>«wt CUu- 
den Bureau. 110 Flew S. EC* 
ASS 7696 

snowman tno tnortnanai. Lota 

ol lAeni comanci and me onoor- 

I unity » 9*i *w«y from 
secretarial work. E8.O00. 
Jaygar Careen (Stoane Sauarei 
LUt CJ 730 51*8, 

FA /SCC . Wail educated Sad M* 
Her woh Itvaty Dmoo-ilny: 
Mam your nurk and buBd 
H u m H a career wim Ltd* smaO 
Wen EM Insurance Broker iSH 
Preferred) cC9K. Word Asso- 
ciates 377 6453. . 

FR 90S SWl. Be wUh good an. 
CUo typtfQ fKiPr Aridity u> U ai» 
WHti Vires etc. Salary cCS.OOO. 
Ruto Marla Bond al DPI on Ol 
£886722. 16-28 TaoernadeSL. 
London EC2A 4BN. Aoy 

S f M tMB FAWTY Plannlna and 
faireruuimntls company rr> 
wm hard work i ng, fun 
■n-reurv. u> take over enaotir 
oil ire and Mn our buoy Irani. 
Good lymne and sharlhand e» 
•muni. Salary £9.000 
nwouuw. Ring 01 380 <XU& 



Required by Hardy Amies. 
Has is an interesting and 
varied position for some- 
one keen on fashion, aged 
between 17 and 20. 
Telephone Mrs. A. Bloom 
on 01-734 2436. 


CAREER MOVES* w* can Mftr 
you with me beat move avaU- 

ame. we have nos t.C9 
for any WOd luomr /senior 

sec/admln. Please am 2&1 
82 1 1 anytime . to «t can mto- 
neatly seiue you in a now and 
oener mb ror cnnsonasi 
Cranprooii Bee Cons. 

Doctor's Secretary 

for . . 

consuham rime in beautiful 
umvrrtuy town of uuihvacrn 
Germany (Stack Foicsi). uan- 
inx lanuary 1987. Should be 
willing » leant German. 
Trarel npnwt and good 


oetiMM* w ij hmm . wee wnn 

some French, lor Wrt Co-& Mkld 
ComroUer Use your taUlallVF 
and lanquagn fully. Career 
prmrecta. c£ Unv Lun- 
quaae AMB 84te97U. 

ITALIAN Company M«k PA sec- 
rrury Cl 0.000 pa Mg. New 
office Mayfair. Italian or 
French an area Ol aOa 4854 
Carrdour a ay 

SECRETARY /FA I or Club Secre- 
tary C.V. marked confidential 
to GJ Dnon Ski CM> Ol Crvai 
Bruton 118 Eaton Sauare. 
fiwiw oaf. 




Needs a jinor secretary to 
tap run a small busy office 
in Wl. You snouM ue smart 
and weU sooken and able id 
cope under prassura. 

Salary C.E7.500+ bonus pa 

Please send CV to: 

Beny Asset 
Mangwuiit Ud, 

48 Broik St 
London W1Y 1YB 



Apoao. dw htBranmai An 
and Anboues Magazine, seeks 
a person rath common sense, 
sense al humour anatteabd- 
ity to show ifWranw and take 
responstodny as woi as navmg 
the essential good seasonal 
stalls. WouU sue resourceful 
and Httflgem college leaver. 

Write or phone: Apollo, 
22 Darios Shed. 

l itgrlf M Wl 

Tot 01-629 3061. 

som/MUs Drr. Daily w u 
French. SH A ad typtng- Cxct 
prcwntadon/M mannrr. 
tan Minnnn/eaiwr proweb. 
2G«n- c£9.ooq • nrrki Linn 
Language Ah» 840-9745 

ARCHITECTS and Otognm - 
Srcreurm to £10.000 d 
Covcm Garden Bureau KJ 

WP exp B needed for Ihii realty 
super to» dealing with me lar 
East and other enotir BOm 

I6.SOO. Jay par Carrm iSkMAr- 
Sauarel Lid Ot 730 5148. 

■ with a U tor typ- 
ing (or lun MO in torsi Ena 
Esuie Agenm. cXS.SOO Jay sir 

Cnrreri istoane Sguarei lw Oi 
730 5148. 

RECHUfTMCMT company « pre- 

InmonaJ ttort near 

HMnorn/Chanrery Lane rr- 
oiures lunior secretary/ 
recennonlsl mo shnruundl. 
You would tar pmooaMr calm 

and mw greeting annucams 

and making mem weirame. 

Good arerumHi typtnO and a 

lively wrenone manner. Age 

20+ OLSOO. amudettr of 
Bond Street Ol *09 12CW. 

CoBtbned on page 40 




The Times Classified 
cotatans art read by 13 
mill km of the most affluent 
people in the coos try. The 
following categories 

appear regularly each 
week and are generally 
accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coupon (right), and find 
out how easy, last and 
economical it b to 
advertise in The Times 


Education! University 
Appointments, Prep & Public 
School Appointments, 
Educational Courses. 

Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Grtae dc la Crime am) other ' 
secretarial appointments. 


Computer Hortons Computer 
Appointments with editorial. 
Lepl Appo intments : Solicitors, 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Private A Public 

LqoU La Creme Tor lop legal 

Public Sector Appointments. 


La Crime de la Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 
Property: ReadeatmL Town & 
Country, Overseas, Rentals, with 

Amiqms and CaHecCabtef. 


General AppmrtBeuts: _ 
Management and Executive 
appointments whh editorial. 

La Crime Ae la Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Mattes: A complete car buyer's 
guide with ediiori&L 
Beninese to Business: Business 
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with editorial. 

Resttaraat Gmde. (Monthly) 


Overseas and UK Holidays: 
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Fill m the coupon and attach ij to your advertisement, written on a separate 
piece of paper, allowing 28 letters and spaces per line. 

Rates arc: Linage £4.00 per line (min. 3 lines): Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre'. Court & Social £ij per line. All rales subject to I Sft VAT. 
Send to: Shirley MatooKs, Grasp CtasriBed Advertisement iManagr, Times 
Newsmen Ltd, PO Box 484, Vagina Street. London El 9DD. 

Name - - 

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(Please allow three working days prior to insertion date.) 
Use your Access, Visa, Amex or Knars cards. 

i— i" i i i~i i i i ii i i i i r 


We talk and you listen, no. 
You talk and we listen, yes. 


_-.s ■-* 

Personnel Secretaries 

Central London (Strand) up to £9700 

* Excellence is a quality which is sought in prospective Chartered Accountants 

* Excellence is a quality which is expected of our Personnel Managers 

* Excellence is a quality which is required of our Secretaries 

Arthur Andersen & Co. Chartered Accountants Ls an 
International Firm of accountants employing some 1.500 
people in our London office. We are deeply com milted 
to the provision of an exceptional client service which is 
achieved through the quality of ourstalT. As a result of internal 
promotions we axe currently seeking a number of expen- 
enced secretaries to assist our personnel managers If you are 
a secretary with either an interest in developipg your career 
in personnel or with proven personnel experience, these 
may be the opportunities you seek. We can offer: 

* Training in the latest office automation technology 

* The opportunity to work as pan of a young and dynamic 

* A challenging career 

Successful candidates will be aged 25* and educated to 'O' 
[evd standard with proven audio typing skills uf not les> 
than 60 wpm. A professional appearance and manner and 
the ability to remain cheerful and calm under pressure alv > 
go hand in hand with our requirements 

Hike die challenge and send a detailed cv. • enclosing a 
daytime telephone number i to: - 

Mrs Maggie Henncssv. >/ \K I H U J\ 

RcauitingOffica: ANDERSEN 

Arthur Andersen & Co . 
1 Surrey Street 
London WC2R2PS 



Central London (Strand) 


Are vou looking for: A challenge? 

A pnjgrcssiwcaretT? 


Commitment to excellence? 

Opportunities to rain in the latest icchrurfop 

If so look ni i fcnfret 

Arthur Andersen & »'i » Vanagemein C* hlsuIuiiis »s « «iv i *r die 
c> mntry s leading firms . consultants wnh a lira cluv rc|Hitjtmn 
Sir its quality of sen ice and pro ’pie. tirowih i ncr the past 
decade has been rapid and cn ntmuiiigexpaaMim ii:e.i:ts we 
can now i ufer tits; clas> secreunes the i >ppt munity a * ? >«» * uir 
you ng and dynamic team V »u shi Hitii he eduuited to '« 1 lev vl 
sundaid. w :rh $ nxt audi> > t\ pmg skills ( tji > wpm » ami have a 
mirmrem of IS months expenenev. preferably gamed w idun .« 
prnife»ic-;;ai « r technicai unv in mmem. 

lake tile milutiw aifct wml a drwlw I v v ‘ cn» 1- ■* 

day tuiK' idcphimt' nm«lv» > uj 

Mrs Maggie 
Ben tilting iHfii ii. 

Aril HU AlhltK'llii t i 
i Mno Mnx'l 
Limvli-n Wv.JK -.'t** 



iMANMilMEN I L v »Nhl Lf AN ISi 

: toJ* 






Based in prestigious offices in Milton Keynes, this senior 
appointment provides a full secretarial service in a very busy 
environment Responsibilities indude shorthand, typing, arranging 
meetings, making travel arrangements, controlling ana prioritising 
a large flow of paperwork ensuring that the office runs smoothly 
and efficiently at all times. 

Candidates will need shorthand and typing skills of 100/70 wpm. 
Experience of 'Word Perfect" or other word processing package 
would be a distinct advantage, as would a working knowledge of 
the German language. 

We are looking for someone with the drive and enthusiasm to 

advantageous car purchase schemes. 

For an appfication form, please telephone Mrs J Paine, Personnel 
Department on Milton Keynes (0908) 668899 ext 2492. 

yio Mercedes-Benz 

Conference Services 

c £9,000 plus benefits 


MCB University Press Limited, arguably one of the largest 
international publishers of specialist management journals and 
the International Management Centre from Buckingham, a 
multinational independent business school seek to appoint a 
Conference Services Manager. 

The person appointed will be responsible for professionalising, 
organising and implementing conference and workshop activities 
within the UK. 

The successful candidate win have a strong background in conference 
activity, perhaps in the publishing or educational held. 

The post win be located in Bradford and indudes extensive UK travel. 
In addition to an attractive salary, we ofier the normal benefits and 
opportunities of a successful and expanding organisation. 

for further details please contact: 

Mis Kay ftrrickson. .Associate Director: 

Personnel Services. MCB Unreereity Press Ud 
62 Toller Lane, Bradford 
Vest Yorkshire BD8 9 BY 

Telephone: 023 499821 Ret A03100IOO Larvere* Press 


Bilingual Secretary 

English/ltalian c. £10,000 

To join Chief Executive’s office at West End headouOTtra of a major (ttematiorttf groups 
Dufies wilt include secretarial and admmtratwt tasks m conjunction with tea CWdf 

Executive's Secretary, Uaison at a senior level and assistance to visiuftfl oversees dwetors. 

At least two years' secretarial experience, complete fluency m Enghsh and haflan and 
impeccable skins areessenual. Previous experience w an ammational environment would 
be an advantage. 

Fringe benefits include season ticket loan, bonus scheme* and lunch aftowenoe. 

Piease apply with fuUc.vt These wA be forwarded direct to our client Please ton leoarjMly 
any companies fo whom your appkcetion should not be torwerded Constate CatMff, tel. 

* MSL Advertising, 52 Groanrenor Gardens, London SWIW OMNL 

OWo8S«£i«rew. tr*A**nc*s, AurounManffAMflKUk' 





c£8,000 p.a. 

Your smart appearance and good tele phone 
manner are much in demand in the marketing 
department of this busy catering service company 
hi West London. You’D need good shorthand and 
typing skiUs of course, plus plenty of organising 
ability. You wfll be fuSy relied upon to make many 
varied arrangements for the company and receive 
visitors. Benefits indude 4 weeks hols and 
subsidised canteen. 

Please contact Emma Phillips 
Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants 
6 King Street, Harofliersmitti, London W6 
Tel: 01-748 9006 




— K ESIDENTIA L k - / 


Bright young secretory required lor I bo Hyde Pari; office of 
London's leading Estate Agents. WP experience preferable but 
not Menial as training win be given. Good accurate tvpiqg is a 
must! You would be pan of a young energetic team fa a good 
working environment. 


■Apply now with full CV to: 

M. Delves Cbesfertons Residential 
40 Cammght Street. 

London W2 
01-262 5060 
No Agencies! 

c£9,000 p.a. 

This highly interesting position offers many 
rewards in return for your shorthand and' 
organising skills. Working for a well-established 
white collar union based in London's West End, 
you'll be involved m attending conferences, varied 
administr a t i ve activities, and dealing with 
telephone enquiries. The benefits package 
includes season ticket loan, pension scheme and 
five weeks hois. 

Please contact Maureen Gallagher, 
Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 
230 Edgware Road, London W2 
Teb 01-402 6651 

| J i ft Tel: 01-402 6651 

mm WMEM 


c£8,500 plus 


• Wen known presnpgus in temamo a l company, used in NW3- Meal 
opportunity for total motvement and Kxs of efient contact, excellent 
wotiong environment Speeds 90/50 BM WP (wfi gtaoty trjmj. Excellent 
prosoeos and company benefife 
Please vtm J» Wotun on 07-4)3 7522/7524. 

Alliance Management Consultants Ud 


For leading Japanese textile and cosmetic 
company mWl. General secretarial du- 
ties and bookkeeping. Good English 
essential. Interest in fashion field would 
be an advantage. Salary negotiable plus 
fares, plus Christmas bonus. 

Tel Jacqui Smith 

01-629 5336. 

No agencies 

up to £9,000 p.a. 

This intemationaty successful atmospheric 
control company based near the City of London 
needs your secretari a l support. You should be of 
smart appearance and possess a good telephone 
manner m addition to good copy typing skifls. 
Word processing experience, ideally on IBM PC 
with OSvetti, would be an advantage. Benefits 
include BUPA. 

Please contact Joan Forde, 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

21 Wormwood Street, Bishopsgate, EC2. 
Tel: 01-588 6311 





Small, lad busy investment bro- 
kerage rauires bright, eonbden. 
wed spokai secretary «tth good 
rypntg skids {some audio/no SH) 
to work in tnendty, yet proles 
gotm office s&iated nsa 
riotiom- WMge teaverflunror 
secre ptywyi so me wort expen- 
ence cuwideted. 

C23.09B aae 
For toll detads please contact 
Ms Brand) on 831 9844 

JpOLTTlStr™ 1 


This prestigious centre of 
Conservative activity is 
offering 2 secretarial 
positrons in the world Of 
politics. Vforidrn in a 
small team. youH receive 
excellent tranmg & really 
get involved. Would sun 
college leaver and 2nd 
robber. 90/50. Sab 

01 4 r 

£12,500 max 

II you have MMrencs at budget 
control m dealnq well large Of- 
its mraraapre. can wort id 
deadtuMS and handle enmptauits 
and ae aged tBtwwn 23-35. you 
are needed m ttws prasugcus City 
company now 1 
Excellent career mme 

01828 2727 



Goghs full tone private 
seoemry to work in roe 
House of Commons. 
Graduate preferred. 
For details tefcgXrona 
Sarah Com on 
219 5493 

£10,500 p.a. 

Cross train onto Ofivstti WP with this large firm of 
Chartered Accou n tants. You will be assisting a 
partner in the firm with your considerable 
shorthand and audio experience, as wen as 
excellent telephone manner. Previous experience 
within an accountants would be an advantage. 
Benefits include season ticket loan, medical plan, 
pension scheme, and subsidised canteen. 

Please contact Joanne Jamieson, 
Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

64 Fleet Street, London EC4 
Tel: 01-353 3232 




I al the Qadinan ot ro Irdtmatxnd Company wBi Hcadqumere m HaoaGvdBi 
and mat onraaas branches. 

The sucttstd apecaffl trust haw wrttro rod spoken French, first dws 
stKHffiKHWtvjwig and tte abay tn wok rod ar presan. 

I Endere tacttMs and wortng amHkms 

Please seed CV tic Marie Pander, LD.C^ 

36 Hattsa Garden, Laeada ECU 8QQ. 




has a vacancy for 


A secretary is required to assist the Sponsorship 
Manager and die Development Officer in die next 
demanding and interesting phase of die work of this 

Wc need a secretary with a good telephone manner, 
who likes to meet people, who has excellent 
shorthand and typing skills and word processor 

The National Theatre is an Equal Opportunities 

If Ym wish to be considered for this position please 
write to. ns giving brief details about yourself and 
your present salary, to: Lisa Hogbes. The Personnel 
Department, National Theatre, South Bank. 
London SE1 9PX. 


c£8,300 p.a. 

Coukl you provide a fun audio secretarial service 
for this busy partnership of chartered surveyors in 
London's elegant West End? They are looking for 
a well-presented, well-spoken person who is 
experienced and confident about making 
arrangements and attending to the many varied 
secretarial duties required by this successful 
business. Benefits include 4 weeks hols. 

Please contact Kate Wood, 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants 
151 Regent Sheet, London W1 

Tel: 01-734 0157 




I We are a young, creative advertising agency in Govern 
Garden - where else? We need: a secretary/information 
assistant. You need: 1) a Dram; 2) the abitrty to deal with 
16 things at once. 3) magical organising powers. 4) an 
| interest m work and advertising and 5) ace secretarial 

Please send C.V. to Nikki Webster 
HCM/HCK, 22 EndeH Street, London WC2H SAD. 


Would you like to help our Company secure contracts for 
office interiors and befldmg products'* Working bom our 
knighisbridge office, your task will be to asm our Direc- 
tors in negotiations wnh lop Companies and professional 
des igne rs. You win be involved wnh market research, 
direct mailing, telephone selling, normal secretarial duties 
(sborxlund not essemsUI and general siks promotion 
work. Yon must be *ell organised, mature m outlook and 
enjoy working as a member of a small team. The com- 
pany is a subsidiary of a large public group. Salary 
negotiable. P ref erred age 25-JO. 

Apply in Best nuance to: 

Marketing Manager, 

Inskill Ltd, 

8th Floor, Bowater House East, 

68 Knightsbridge, London SWlX 7LT 


up to £10,000 p.a. 

Does your motivation match that of this successful 
international company producing training videos far 
blue chip events? if so, and you have good shorthand, 
typing and organising stabs, and are smart and 
wen-spoken, you could be relied upon to play a key 
rale in assisting a Company Director to run his 
marketing function. Benefits include 4 weeks hols. 

Please contact Carole Stavers 
Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

10 Netting H9 Gate, London W11 

Teb 01-221 6344 

I Ha Teb 01-221 6344 


upto £9,000 

For small advertising agency near Baker Street, to look 
after switchboard, telex, great clients and be part ol a 
team. Good typing, shorthand and WP skiUs. 
Hours 9 -5.30, age 21 - 35. 

Please call Jenny Coleman on 
01 724 2818 


up to £7,000 p.a. 

If you re wefl spoken and friendly, then this lame 
Stockbroking company needs you to complement 
their reception area. Your previous experience In a 
similar busy position would be appreciated, and cross 
Taming wd be given. Other duties include some typ- 
ing. wmh the emphasis on accuracy rather than speed 
Benefits include 4 weeks hols. LV“s and paid over- 


«H^251 c< S lact Ann « Bennett 
Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 
145 Fen church Street London, EC3 
TeL- 01-623 1635 







to £10,000 pa 

Prestige professional institute In beautifel offloatk 
seek tap doss person lor Heed of Education Division. 

Call Sue Stobart for further details 
on 01 630 2920. 

• -'if.: 





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« Canaan Road, 
London SW72BS. 

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♦this extract from his ne w 
•book*, Nell Maefarlane 
g (above), Britain- s 
‘’Minister for Sport from 
1981 to 1985, reveals the 
intrigne and the 
■ in-fighting. 

alcolm Fraser, the 
former Prime Min- 
ister of Australia, is 
a member of wbat 
Australians call the 
squattocracy: the wealthy fanners 
of that country whose lineage is 
foag and distinguished. He has an 
, ■8000-acre property, which he 
Inherited from his father, situated 
in the merino and beef lands of the 
Western District of Victoria. 
v He became Liberal Prime Min- 
ister in 1973 and, during his eight 
years in office, he turned out to be 
*- somewhat surprisingly, consid- 
ering his patrician image — a fierce 
opponent of apartheid. He was 
responsible for maintaining 
Australia's hard line towards South 
Africa and, together with Mrs 
Indira Gandhi, of India, and Pierre 
Trudeau, of Canada, he was largely 
responsible for the shaping of the 
Glen eagles Declaration in 1977. 

■> That declaration, or commu- 
nique as it really was, followed a 
meeting of the Commonwealth 
heads of Government at the 
Gleneagles Hotel in Scotland. The 
meeting, attended by James Calla- ’ 
y ghan, as Prime Minister, and 
pavid Owen, as Foreign Secretary, 
agreed to "vigorously combat the 
evil of apartheid by withholding 
any form of support for. and by 
taking every practical step to 
discourage contact or competition 
b|’. our nationals with sporting 
organizations, teams or sportsmen 
fipra South Africa- ” 

-This 1977 Commonwealth state- 
ment on apartheid in sport was not 
a formal agreement. There were no 
signatories and it is not legally 
brndihg. It was a policy statement 
giving expression to the deep 
abhorrence of apartheid, particu- 
larly in sport, shared by the 

It obliged Commonwealth gov- 
ernments to discourage their 
sportsmen and sportswomen from 
undertaking sporting contacts with 
* South Africa and was drafted in 
hfbad principle so as to allow 
individual governments discretion 
to fulfil their obligations, according 
ip their laws. Indeed, the statement 
read that it was ‘‘for each govern- 
ment to determine, in accordance 
with its laws, the methods by which 
ri might best charge these 

Fraser's philosophy of leader- 
ship. I remember reading, was: 
•'No government can ever be 
loved The best that any politician 
can hope for, and should hope for, 
is respect for the decisions that he 
takes, for the policies that he seeks 
to; implement. Australians want a 
government that they believe will 
dp what is right, no matter how 

Leaders at odds over apartheid: Malcolm Fraser (above), and his New Zealand 
coaaterpart, Rohm Mnktoon (below), held contrasting views over tours to 
South Africa, snch as that by the English cricketer Graham Gooch (left) 

much flak you're going to get as a 
result of those decisions in the long 

I have often wondered if the flak 
he received over his stance towards 
South Africa helped remove him 
from office in 1983. 

We first, met. at a reception 
during the 1982 Commonwealth 
Games at Brisbane. He got me into 
a corner and looking down from 
his height of 6ft 4in, he poked me in 
the chest with his finger. "Are the 
Brils with us?” he asked 

He was referring to a code of 
conduct and amendments to the 
constitution of the Commonwealth 
Games Federation, the effect of 
which would have been to make 
individual Commonwealth Games 
councils responsible for the con- 
duct of governing bodies of sports 
outside the Games. In other words, 
the Dogfish Games Council would 
be required to shoulder 
responsibility for, say, the actions 
of the Rugby Union, an autono- 
mous body over which it had no 
control and with which it had n’o 

A meeting of the 
Commonwealth Games 
Federation was to be 
held a few days later 
with Australia and Ni- 
geria pushing hard for the adoption 
of alterations which represented 
what the Federation chairman. Sir 
Alexander Ross, described as a 
“major step forward for the 
Commonwealth stand against 

“So are the Brits with us!?” Fraser 

“No,” I replied, “the Brits are 
not with you.” 

I explained that the British 
government in general, and I as 
Minister for Sport in particular, 
had no intention of trying to tell the 
English Commonwealth Games 
Council representative. Sir Arthur 
Gold, how to vote. 

“You know perfectly well,” J 
told him. “that, for example, 
British athletics cannot be held 
responsible for the conduct of 
rugby union teams or golfers, 
tennis players and cricketers- for 
that matter.” 

Fraser beckoned his Foreign 
Secreta ry, Andrew Peacock, and 

asked “Why are we supporting this 
if they aren’t?” 

Fraser, a great admirer of Mrs 
Thatcher and her style of govern- 
ment, seemed taken aback that 
England was not whole-heartedly 
behind the proposed change in 
constitution. He was acknowledged 
to be a morally upright man, but, of 
course, there were other more 
subtle reasons why Australia 
should be seen to be supporting a 
strengthening of the overall thrust 
of the Code of Conduct 

The first and most immediate, 
was that it was important to the 
country that the Brisbane Games 
were a success. A second, and less 
. public, reason was the impending, 
election of a successor to Sir 
Alexander Ross, who was retiring 
as chairman of the Commonwealth 
Games Federation, and Leslie 
Martyn, president of Australia's 
Commonwealth Gaines Associ- 
ation, was being pushed hard as an 
Australian successor. Thirdly, Fra- 
ser was preparing for a general 
election some months later and 
knew he was under pressure from 
the Labour Party. 

For the firk time in the 
Federation's history, there was to 
be an election to decide Ross’ 
successor. Previously, the outgoing 
chairman nominated the person to 
take his place, but there were six 
candidates to $o before the Bris- 
bane meeting, including Sir Roger 
Bannister, of England, Peter 
Heatly, of Scotland, and Leslie 
Martyn. In the event, Bannister 
and Martyn were well beaten, with 
the vote going to Heatly. 

At the meeting at which Heatly 
was elected, there was a two-thirds 
majority in fovour of a Code of 
Conduct and supporting constitu- 
tional amendments which related, 
according to Sir Alexander Ross, 
“not to inconsequential social 
occasions but to sporting contacts 
of the kind Commonwealth leaders 
set their feces against in the 
Gleneagles Declaration”. There 
were two interesting statraents 
made prior to the vote for a code 
that, in feet, was an informal 

The first came from Sir Arthur 
Gold, who subsequently did. not 
vote on the issue. “My abstention 
from any par t of the voting 

procedure is not due to any lack of 
persona] sympathy for the Code of 
the Gleneagles Declaration, or any 
wish to reject the code — but I seek 
your permission to make a state- 
ment to this meeting. 

“As chairman of the Common- 
wealth Games Council for Eng- 
land, 1 attend this general assembly 
as the servant of my council and, as 
their servant, my mandate is 
crystal clear. The English 
Commonwealth Games Council 
will, and does, accept responsibility 
for the full implementation of the 
philosophy of the Gleneagles 
Decaration in all those sports over 
which it has jurisdiction or 
^authority»_and will .whole- 
hearted support I am not, how- 
ever, empowered to go beyond my 

The second was from L. O. 
Adegbite, of Nigeria, who declared: 
“We of Nigeria would like it placed 
on record that we are unhappy with 
the modifications which have been 
made to some of the clauses agreed 
upon by the consensus at the 
meeting of September 27. They 
have had the effect of watering 
down some of the decisions in the 
Code of Conduct and some parts of 
the amendments to the constitu* 
lion that we all agreed upon last 

n other words, the code went 

too fer for English consump- 

I tion, not fer enough 
Nigerian and, at the end of 
the day, just as heads of 
government interpret the 
Gleneagles Declaration to suit their 
nations, so the leaders of Common- 
wraith sport will interpret the Code 
as they see fit. 

It was Robert Muldoon, the 
Prime Minister of New Zealand, 
who declared: “In the application 
of the Gleneagles Declaration, the 
cap will have to fit each nation.” 

The Australians had always been 
sensitive to the threat of a boycott 
by the black African nations, 
especially as Brisbane was formally 
made host city for 1982 during the 
1976 Olympics in Montreal Those 
Olympics had been hit by a boycott 
of African nations, led by Tan- 
zania, who had failed in a demand 
for the expulsion from the Olympic 
movement of New Zealand be- 
cause a rugby team from that 

nation had made a tour of South 

Earlier in 1976. Muldoon, a 
politician who didn't like to be 
pushed around by anyone, had 
won an election in New Zealand in 
which freedom for rugby players to 
tour without government interfer- 
ence had been a strong point. 

Not long afterwards, a tour to 
South Africa was announced by the 
All Blacks and events were com- 
pounded by riots in Soweto, the 
black township on the outskirts of 
Johannesburg, in which dozens of 
people died. 

Twenty-two nations failed to 
-take part in the Montreal opening 
ceremony, and. I know the Queen, 
was saddened and dismayed to see 
so many gaps in the parade of 
competitors and officials. 

During the build-up to the 
Brisbane Games, there had been 
recurring threats of boycotts as 
sportsmen and sportswomen from 
member nations bad sporting con- 
tact with South Africa. There were 
three tours which angered the 
Africans, particularly Chief Abra- 
ham Ortfia, of Nigeria, who had 
been involved with the Montreal 

In 1980 the British Lions rugby 
union team toured South Africa; 
the following year the South Af- 
rican Springboks toured New Zea- 
land; and in the spring of 1982, six 
months before Brisbane, a party of 
English cricketers formed a “rebeT 
tour to South Africa. 

There bad seemed to be some 
progress in easing the threat to the 
1982 Commonwealth Gaines and 
in re-establishing Britain’s 
commitment to the Gleneagles 
Declaration when a hammer blow 
was dealt by some of England's 
Test cricketers becoming part of an 
illegal tour to South Africa. Five of 
them had been on England's winter 
visit to India. When that tour 
ended, in mid-February, they had 
flown by devious means to South 

At the time, the duplicitous 
action — as I described it then, and 
since when 1 have had no reason to 
change my opinion — not only 
shook cricket's governing body, the 
Test and County Cricket Board, 
but also severely dented the reputa- 

tion of Britain within the 

Within two years of the 1980 
British Lions rugby tour to South 
Africa, another group of British 
sportsmen was setting fool in the 
Republic. By luring five members 
of the current Test squad, plus 
former England Test and county 
players. South Africa had pulled on 
a considerable coup as well as 
making it appear to Common- 
wealth leaders, already suspicious, 
that Britain was continuing to give 
official support to sporting links 
with South Africa. 

I bad spoken to the TCCB. 
making it perfectly plain what I 
thought of the action of the players. 
I could understand, however, the 
dilemma in which the Board found 

The previous August it had 
issued an edict warning players not 
to tour South Africa as a team, but 
the TCCB had to tread carefully 
because county cricketers are not 
tied to dubs in the dose season, 
and it had suffered, in cricketing 
parlance, an innings defeat four 
years earlier when an attempt had 
been made to ban players who 
joined Kerry Packer's world Se- 
ries. At the time, the term “re- 
straint of trade” had figured 
prominently in legal arguments, 
with disastrous effect to the TCCB. 

A nd if, for example, Gra- 
ham Gooch had not 
broken the law of the 
land (which he hadn't) 
and was not in breach of 
contract with his county, Essex 
(which he wasn't), how could he be 
punished? Indeed, could he be 

The TCCB’s answer was to 
impose three-year England bans on 
the whole party, explaining that, 
first and foremost, the Board had 
to protect the financial security of 
the first-class game in this country 
in the face of pressure from, in 
particular, three members of the 
ICC — India, Pakistan and the 
West Indies. It had to pro lea the 
jobs of more than 300 county 
cricketers and where could it get 
the money, it asked, if India and 
Pakistan were to cancel their 1982 
tours to England? In effect, the 
bans were imposed not so much to 
punish the players but to appease 
the governments of the two Asian 

Later in 1982, a party of Sri 
Lankans led by Bandula 
Wamapura, a former Test captain, 
toured South Africa, incurring 23- 
year bans by the Sri Lankan Cricket 

Even more controversially, in 
January 1983, it was announced 
that a West Indian team under the 
captaincy of Lawrence Rowe was 
on ns way to South Africa. The 
rebel West Indians included play- 
ers of such stature as Collis King, 
Alvin Kallicharran and Sylvester 
Clarke, and world-wide reaction 
was predictable. 

All the players were banned from 
Test cricket, some from domestic 
cricket, and, outside the West 
Indies, there were hysterical re- 
actions from many, including Mal- 
colm Fraser. He demanded that all 
participants be banned from 
Australia, a blanket condemnation 
which turned out to be somewhat 
unfortunate because the West In- 
dian wicketkeeper, David Murray, 
happened to have an Australian 
wife and daughter and an Austra- 
lian home. 

During my four years in office, I 
tried to be a strong supporter of the 
importance of the established 
autonomy of sports organizations 
— international as well as domestic 
— and I always have been deter- 
mined to do what I can to sustain 
this and to resist pressure to use 
sport for political purposes. 

However, one must be realistic. 
Pressure groups might pretend 
otherwise, but politics are now an 
important factor on the inter- 
national sporting scene. Alas, none 
of us can ignore that feci of modem 

*Sport and Politics: A world divided 
by Nefi-Mactariane (to be pub- 
lished on November 3 by Coffins 
Willow, price £12£5). 


The pressures brought on Britain to 
join the Olympic boycott. 






By Mitchell Platts 

Josc-Maria Olazabol was yes- 
terday confirmed as Henry 
Cotton's Rookic-of-the-Year on 
the 1986 PGA European tour. 
The award came as no surprise 
following an astonishing season 
for the Spaniard, in which he 
won two tournaments and 
earned £136,773 in official 
money for second place behind 
his compatriot. Severiano 
Ballesteros, in the Epson Order 
of Merit. 

Cotton, the three-times Brit- 
ish Open champion, said: “I 
have studied Olazabal in action 
and he has impressed me as a 
young man whose outstanding 
talent promises a great future. 
Watching him develop his abil- 
ity will be evening for everybody 
involved in the world of golf.** 

The Rookie-of-tbc-Year 
award began in 1960 and 
Olazabal, who will receive a 
cheque for £2,000, follows in the 
footsteps of players such as 
Tony Jacklin, Sandy Lyte. Ber- 
nard Gallacber, Peter 
Oosterhuis, Sam Torrance, 
Mark James, Nick Faldo and 
Gordon Brand jun. 

Olazabal. aged 20. who is 
based in San Sebastian, initially 
came to prominence when he 
became ibe first man to com- 
plete the treble of the British 
amateur, youths, and boys* 
championships, and then went 
on to win the PGA European 
tour qualifying school at La 
Manga. Spain, in November. 

In his first full season as a 
professional. Olazabal won the 
Ebcl European Masters with a 
26-under-par score of 262 and. 
five weeks later, he moved past 
Ballesteros to win the Sanyo 
Open with n 15-undcr-pw ag- 
gregate of 273. 

In all. he played in 19 events 
on the 1986 tour, finishing in the 
money on all but one occasion, 
and he had eight finishes to the 
top 10. He became the first 
rookie since Gordon Brand jun, 
in 1982. to win twice in one 

Tour peace 

Ponte Vedra. Florida (AP) — 
Mac OTirady. the American 
professional golfer, has with- 
drawn his Sl2-miDion (about 
£8,500.000) law suit against the 
PGA Tour and Deane Beman. 
Ibq Commissioner. O'Grady, 
who has paid a $5,000 fine and 
recently completed a six-event 
suspension for misconduct, had 
filed an anti-trust suit, claiming 
that the tan was depriving him 
of making a living. 


first title 

Landover, Maryland (Reuter) 
— Katie Monahan produced two 
faultless rides on Brantag to win 
the Nations Cup and give the 
United States their first victory 
at ibe 28tb Washington inter- 
national horse show on Tues- 
day. The United States had only 
eight faults in the $10,000 
(about £7,000) event among 
teams, who each had four riders. 
Britain were second with 16 

Monahan, Katharine 
BurdsalL Lisa Tamopol and 
Anne Kursinski made up the 
American team - the fust all- 
women American squad in the 
Washington show's history. 
Burdsall and Tamapol also tad 
dear rounds over the 15-fence 
obstacle course, as did the 
British riders Nick Skelton, on 
Raffles Apollo, and Malcolm 
Pyrab. on Towerland's 

Alexa Bell, of Canada, on 
Ferner and Lisa Carl sen, riding 
Kaluah. also had clear rounds. 
Hugh Graham, of Canada, (he 
leading international rider at the 
show, had the roughest two 
rounds of the evening, totalling 
16 faults, but they were not 
counted in the team total for the 
Nation's Cup. 

Earlier, John McDonnell, of 
the United States, rode So Dark 
io the championship in the 
$7,500 open jumper class for the 
Ben O'Meara Challenge 

Queen’s Bench Division 

Law Report October 30 1986 

Court of Appeal 

Civil standard of proof in contempt proceedings 



West Oxfordshire District 
Council r Beratec Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Hutchison 
{Judgment October 20] 

The correct standard of proof 
to be applied in proceedings in 
relation to the breach of an 
undertaking given to the court 
was the civil standard, namely, 
proof on the balance of 
probabilities, but the court 
should not regard that burden as 
having been discharged unless 
the evidence adduced had been 
c-ogem and convincing. 

In cases where the relevant 
court order or undertaking 
given by the defendant was 
unqualified in its terms, and the 
plaintiff had proved that the 
under had not been complied 
wi|Ui. it was no answer to a 
rharge of contempt for the 
defendant to prove that itot- 
;o{npliance was casual or in- 
idvertcnt and accidental. 

Mr Justice Hutchison so held- 
n a reserved judgment in the 
Queen's Bench Division when 
ie found that a contempt of 
ourt had been established on 
he plaintiffs' notice of motion 
;ir a writ of sequestration 
L-amst the defendant 
ttmpany's wilful breaches of 
ndcrtiikings given before Mr 
uMicc McNeill, dated April 25. 
9Sb. inter alia, that it would 
ot cause on its premises ai 
rough ton Posgs. Oxfordshire, 
ay smell which might be or 

become a statutory nuisance or 
public nuisance. 

No writ of sequestration was 
issued, but his Lordship im- 
posed a fine of £4,000 on the 
company, ordered dial they 
should pay the plaintiffs' costs 
on an indemnity basis, and 
stated that the undertakings 
given before Mr Justice McNeill 
remained in fill! force. 

Mr Michael BelofT. QC and 
Mr Robin Campbell for the 
plaintiff council; Mr Stephen 
Desch. QC and Mr Anthony 
Clover for the defendants. 

said that the defendants had 
been given planning permission 
in 1984 to set up and operate a 
process involving the 
biofermentaiion of waste prod- 
ucts io convert them into ani- 
mal foodstuff. 

Despite assurances from toe 
defendants before setting up the 
plant that there would be no 
smejl from the process, it was 
common ground that an objec- 
tionable level of smell emanated 
from- the plant 

The defendants contended 
that they had taken such mea- 
sures so that any nuisance there 
might have been had ceased- but 
the residents said that there was 
little if any improvement from 
the level of smells experienced. 

His Lordship said that the 
present proceedings tad been 
brought pursuant to Order 4o, . 

rule 5(1) of the Rules of the 
Supreme Court, and it was well 
established that an undertaking 
given to the court was equiva- 
lent to an injunction so that its 
breach might be punished in the 
same way as a breach of an 

Mr Beloff submitted that 
what was required was proof on 
the balance of probabilities sub- 
ject to the qualification that the 
more serious the allegation 
sought to be proved, and the 
more dire the consequences to 
the defendant if proved, the 
more cogent and . convincing 
would be the evidence the court 
required before finding against 

the defendant 

He relied upon R v Secretary 
of State for the Homo Depart- 
ment, Ex parte Khawaja ([ 1 984] 

AC 74, 1 J2)jwrLordScarman. 

Mr Desch contended that the 
rule was that the criminal 
burden of proof applied, relying 
In re Bramblevale Ltd 

S Ch 128, 137) per Lord 
tg, Master of the Rolls. 
His Lordship said that Mr 
Desch was right to say that the 
relevant burden could not be 
determined by the question 
whether, if the charge were 
proved, the defendant was going 
to be deprived of his liberty: in 
contempt cases, where an in- 
dividual defendant was con- 
cerned. there was always a risk 
that that consequence would 
follow, and sequestration for a 

corporate defendant was at least 
as serious a consequence. 

Accordingly, there had to be a 
single role which applied to all 
cases where breach of an order 
or undertaking was in question; 
there was force in Mr BeiofTs 
submissions that the present 
proceedings were civil proceed- 
ings despite the possibly serious 
consequences of an adverse 
finding, and that there was 
much to be said for refusing to 
introduce into civil proceedings 
the criminal burden of proof. 

The court, therefore, had to be 
satisfied on the balance of 
probabilities that the plaintiffs 
had established the breaches 
relied on, subject to the neces- 
sity for the evidence adduced 
being cogent and convincing in 
the highest degree before that 
burden of proof was discharged. 

If the evidence established 
that die defendant's activities 
were so conducted as to give rise 
to a nuisance, the question arose 
whether that evidence alone 
sufficed to establish that the 
defendants were in contempt of 
court, or whether some fault or 
wilful ness bad to be established. 

Mr Desch contended that the 
casual or accidental and un- 
intentional breach of an under- 
taking did not araoum to a 
contempi; Mr Beloff submitted 
that where, as in- ih£- present 
case, the undertaking was ab- 
solutely unqualified, any nui- 
sance, however arising. 

constituted a breach and nec- 
essarily amounted to a con- 

He contended further that if 
the court found ibe breach 
mcnal or accidental and un- 
intentional that should be re- 
flected in the penalty. 

His Lordship said that it was 
plain from the judgment of Lord 
Russell of Killo wen. Lord Chief 
Justice, in Fairdough and Sons 
v Manchester Ship Canal Co No 
2 ((1897) 41 Sol J 225), lhai 
where the breach was casual or 
accidental and unintentional 
there was a contempt of court, 
but those features were grounds 
for mitigating the penalty. 

Prior to 1965 the relevant rule 
was Order 42, rule 31 which 
contained a reference to wilful 
disobedience which was not in 
the present rule. Order 45, rule 
5(1). . „ , 

In Lord Wilbcrforcc s speech 
in Heatons Transport (St Hel- 
ens) Lid v Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers Union ({1973) AC 
15, 108-1 10) there was support 
for foe contention that the plea 
that foe breach was casual or 
accidental and unintentional 
went to mitigation of penalty 

The editors of foe Supreme 
Court Practice 1985. in Note 
45/5/5. at p667. derived a 
different imerpretution from 
those cases and from Stancomb 
v Trowbridge UDC (fl'9l0l 2 Cb 
190. 194). 

In the latter case, which was 
concerned with an order in 
which appeared the word 
“wfl fully”, it was clear that the 
court regarded acts wfaich-werc 
casual or accidental and un- 
intentional as not amounting to 
wilful disobedience to the 
court's order. 

. His Lordship’s conclusion, 
which was consistent with the 
cases and with the omission 
from Order 45, rule 5(1), of the 
word “wilfully'', was that where 
the relevant court order or 
defendant's undertaking was ab- 
solutely unqualified in its terms 
(the plaintiff having proved the 
defendant's non-compliance 
with it), it was no answer to a 
contempt charge to prove that 
the non-compliance was casual 
or inadvertent and accidental. 

Those features, if proved, 
went only to the question of 
what if any penalty should be 
imposed. . 

Having considered foe ev- 
idence, fits Lordship concluded 
that the defendants had broken 
their unqualified undertaking 
on several occasions and were in 
contempt, that the breaches 
were nor casual or accidental 
and inadvertent, but that their 
conduct was nevertheless very 
different from that which or- 
dinarily attracted the epithet 

Solicitors: Sharpe Pritchard & 
Co for Mr M. J. Abbey. Wimey; 
Richards Butler. 

Scheme to avoid 
gains tax fails 

Magnavox Electronics Co Ltd 
(in i|«idatieg) v Hall (Inspec- 
tor of Taxes) 

A scheme designed to avoid 
liability to tax on chargeable 
gains accruing to a company on 
the sale of its factory premises 
did not achieve us purpose. It 
failed to ensure that the disposal 
look place under a contract 
made during an earlier account- 
ing period in which trading 
losses were available for set-onT 

Moreover, the scheme could 
not have succeeded in its pur- 
pose because the principles to 
counteract tax avoidance laid 
down by the. House of Lords in 
W. T. Ramsay Lid v Inland 
Revenue Commissioners m 982] 
AC 300) and in Fumiss v 
Dawson ([ 1984 ] AC 474) app- 

The Court of Appeal (Sir John 
Donaldson, Master of foe Rolls, 
Lord Justice DiJlon and Lord 
Justice Cmom-Joimson) so held 
unanimously on October 13 
dismissing an appeal by foe 
company. Magnavox Electron- 
ics Co Ltd (in liquidation) from 
a decision of Mr Justice Nieholls 
in the Chanceiy Division (The 
Times. February 28. 1985; 
(1985] STC 260). 

said that the company claimed 
that it was entitled under the 
provisions of paragraph 10(1) of 
Schedule 10 to the Finance Act 
1971 to set off its pre-liquida- 
tion trading losses against the 
rain from the sale of its Barking 
factory in a subsequent account- 
ing period. 

Mr Justice Nieholls had been 
cornea in holding that foe 
scheme entered into by the 
company after the initial 
purchaser’s failure to complete 
did not succeed in establishing 
that the original contract as 
varied was the contract under 
which foe premises were even- 
tually disposed of. 

Further, even if that had been 
established, the judge had been 
entirely correct in his finding 
that the Ramsay and Fwrniss v 
Dawson principles applied to 
foe scheme with foe result that 
the disposal occurred during the 
company's accounting period 
after liquidation had taken 

Law Society results 

The results of the Law Society 
Summer final examination win 
be pabtisbed tomorrow 




Half Free can 

take winning 
step towards 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

. Free has won two 
chases over two miles and five 
ninongs at Wincanton during 
his long and honourable ca- 
reer but never the Terry 
siddiecombe Challenge Tro- 
phy which is his goal there this 
afternoon on what is his 
seasonal debut. 

Now m y feeling is that Fred 
winter's good ten-vear-old 
will chalk up another’ victory 
111 the race that his trainer 
regards as the ideal stepping 
stone for Cheltenham next 
month and another crack at 
the Mackeson Gold Cup 
which he has won for the past 
two years. 

■Any doubts about his ability 
to do well first lime out after a 
summer out to grass will be 
dispelled by referring to his 

Lack of a previous race did 
not prevent him from winning 
the Mackeson last autumn 
while the season before he 
won his first three races, all at 

Now my information is that 
Half Free is as fit and as well 
as he has ever been at this 
stage of the season and he is 
my nap. 

The presence of Kathies 
Lad in the field should ensure 
a reasonable betting market, 
especially as he has already 
had a race over hurdles to help 
clear away any cobwebs that 
may have lingered after his 
summer's rest 

Last season Kathies Lad 
won at Devon in the autumn 
and at Liverpool in the spring. 
In between times he ran a 
couple of cracking races at 
Cheltenham to finish third to 
Ryeman in a handicap and 
third again to Buck House and 
Very Promising in the Queen 
Mother Champion Chase. 

Kathies Lad was also right 
alongside The Mighty Mac in 
a similar race to today's at 
Huntingdon when the last 
fence brought about his down- 
fell. That was a performance 
of no little significance be- 
cause The Mighty Mac was 
subsequently runner-up to 
Half Free in the Cathcart 
Challenge Cup at Cheltenham 
in March. 

Like Half Free, Lucky Rew 
also boasts a good record at 

Wincanton but not in the 
same league. 

Ulan Bator, a stable 
companion of my nap. can 
initiate a double for Winter 
and his new jockey Peter 
Scudamore by winning the 
Nailswonh Novices* Chase. 
First time out last season he 
finished third to Von Trappe 
and Mr Moonraker at 

He would only have to run 
as well as that this afternoon 
to be too good for Jimminy 
Quickit. Haddak and 

Numerate, who is now a 
member of Oliver Sherwood’s 
Upper Lambourn stable 
following that 15.000 guinea 
transaction at .Ascot in June, 
can recover some of his pur- 
chase price by winning the 
Wincanton Group Challenge 

His first run for his new 
stable behind Morning Breaks 
at Worcester recently was very 

My other principal fancy on 
the ’ Somerset track is 
Kingswood Kitchens to record 
his second victory on the 
course this autumn in the 
second division of the Nether 
Wallop Novices' Hurdle at the 
expense of Scatterbuck whom 
he has trounced once already. 

With Jimmy Fitzgerald's 
horses in sparkling form no 
one should be surprised if 
Rising Forest wins the New- 
ark Storage Novices' Chase at 

A pretty decent novice over 
hurdles a’ couple of seasons 
back, my selection was even 
deemed good enough to con- 
test the Waterford Crystal 
Stayers' Hurdle at Chelten- 
ham last March. As an in- 
dividual he looks every inch a 
budding chaser. 

Supreme Charter, another 
to have run during the festival 
meeting, can also make a good 
start to the new term by 
winning the EBF Novices’ 
Hurdle7qualifier). while Bock 
Up appeals as the likely 
winner of the Lowdhatn 
Handicap Hurdle following 
that eye-catching run behind 
Doughty Rebel at Sedgfield 
eight days ago. 

Dickinson’s fine start 

Monica Dickinson has sent 
out two runners this season and 
both have won. By The Way 
recently scored for her at Kelso 
and Bobby Bums, an 8-1 
chance, made a successful hur- 
dling debut in division one of 
the Simonbura Novices Hurdle 
at Newcastle yesterday. 

Bobby Bums, home bred by 
Lady Bolton, came with a strong 
run after the last to wear down 
the even money favourite Last 
Grain close home. 

Mrs Dickinson said that she 
would have three runners at her 
local Wctherbv track at the 
weekend. Rancho Bamardo and 
Flying Dancer turn out tomor- 
row, while Wayward Lad goes 
for the Charlie Hall Memorial 
Pattern Chase on Saturday. 

Feigy Foster, bred by his 
owner. Sedge held Racecourse 
chairman Frank Scotto, landed 
bis ninth win when capturing 
the Kielder Handicap Chase by 
threequaners of a length 

French raid Record price 

Gesedeh has a fine chance in 
today's Prix de Flore at Saint- 
Cloud and can take British 
trainers a step nearer the £4m- 
marfc for overseas earnings in 

The total currently stands at 
well over £3.900,000 and the 
Michael Jarvis filly has the class 
to lake the £1 8,000 prize back to 
Newmarket. The soft ground 
should be in her favour. An- 
other British challenger is the 
Dick Hern-trained Sweei 

Final Try, a winner for John 
Dunlop’s stable this year, estab- 
lished a new record price for a 
jumper at the Newmarket Au- 
tumn Sales when making 
100,000 guineas to the bid of 
agent David Minton. 

This cfaesnut colt was bought 
for an undisclosed owner in 
Josh Gifford's Findon stables. 
The big. well-made son of Try 
My Best won a minor race at 
Nottingham and was fifth in the 
Extel Handicap at Goodwood. 

Hennessy Gold Cup weights 

Gold Cup Handicap 
Chase {3m Zl BZyd): Rito And Skip 8w 
l2st Ob, West Tip 91 1 lO-gwrer Party 8 
11 7. Everett 11 11 7 By Tto Way 8 11 4. 
Cybrancfian 8 11 Z Mrfloonraker 9 1 1 2. 
The Ttvnkor 8 11 1. Door Latch B 11 1. 
Maori Venture 10 10 13. Plundering 9 10 
ifvon Trappe 9 10 11. Golden Friend 8 

4. Cross Master 9 10 A. Cassia Warden 9 

Special 9 100. Youn g P-n w 9912. Ailed 

Newcastle 69 

: Stream 7 B 11. 

4. Just For The Crack 8 9 4. Chinch 
Warden 7 9 4. Lewssdon Prince 9 9 4, 
Burannpour 6 9 3. The Catchpool 7 9 2, 
Sola res % 9 Z Quick Trip 7 SlTCounse 
Hunter 8 8 13. GemtHiOjje Jupiter 8 8 10. 
Sjnqaiong Sam 9 8 10. Two Coppers 11 8 

9. Cotoley Express 10 8 8. Knock Hard 7 8 
6. Master Tercel 10 8 4. La Gran Born 8 7 
72. Joe s FancvSr f7.Frten£flyHenry6 7 

10. Sammy Lux 87 10 Bltterman 9 6 6. 

[To be run at Newbury. November 22], 

Yesterday’s results 


GtinffErm . 


Guest 100-30); 2. HaoMey Down (Sieve 

imi. is 


13-2 Cramming (u 
ia Mr Sawas (4d 

in Combat i 

El 40 OAO £1.50. OF. £23.90. CSF: 

£5 ffin Gh) 1. OLYMPIC PRIZE (Peter 
Foyle ***"»"£ 

9_4 tart 3; Sansanoco (H Davies. 11-41 
ALSO RAN’ 5 Jftrconey (*W. 1 ^ 
Butictest Abbey W 5 ran- a. 1SL dfctJ 
nrfiom at Fmdon. Tow®. £1.80. 
DF: £6.40. CSF: £14.77. 

£35 (2m ch) i. FAB BRIOffijS Smltti 
PfSm. l3-2t 2. St WMiani (B PcwreU. 13- 

ALSO RAfi4 Admirers Cup di ay 


SSPhIA TOW- OMi £2.40. 
gseft FT £*20. CSF: £41.46. 

**"■* ■*- - 'G McCOUrt. 33-15. 


Going: good to Arm 

1.15 (2m 120yd hdle) 1. BOBBY BURNS 
IG Bradley. 8-1): 2. Last Grain (T G Dun. 
Evens lav): 3. General Chandra (Mr J 
Brad burns. 16-1). ALSO RAN: 11-2 Sr 
Jest (fitni. Sunba (4th), 12 Hasty import 
l5tni. 20 Culnrate. HeUovahootey. Polish 
Kraght 50 Bounty's down. Rake's 
Progress. Koda Khan IQ. NR: Lubfena. 12 
ran. If. 8l.3i.hd. 13. Mrs M (Munson at 
Harewood. Tow E&.90: El .50. £120. 
£320 DF: £SJ». CSF: E1&37. 

1.45 (2m At ch) 1. FERGY FOSTER (R 
Lamb, a-lh 2. Weight Problem (M Dwyer. 
6-4): 3. Ctonsharagh (Mr D Mactaggan. 
16-1). ALSO RAN: 5-4 (av Mossy Moore 

a 4 ran. KI.2CWA Stephenson at Brahop 
CWand. Tote: £350. DF; £3 60. CSF: 

2.15 (an 120yd hdle) 1. FEFDOM (K 
’Tuck. 11-4|:3. 

52 lav Tophams Taveha (4tm, 14 Sonny 
One Shme (5th). 16 Favour-ByJFortune. 
66 Banna's Retreat (pul. 100 Teucer (6th). 
B ran. *.i 101. bj. 61. B. w Storey at 
Consen. Tote £520: £1.10, £150. £1.40. 
DF: £820. CSF £18.40. 

2--J5 (3m cn) 1. VALIANT WOOD (T G 


(2m 120yd hdfe) 1. 
.9-2); 2, little Bay (PI 
ly Fair (LWyerf.1 1-4) 


SSSl 8SSST(ff» 

£3». roSft »■«>■ » s 33 - 60 - CSF: 

i. 8 Dusky Brown 
12 Raiena Air. 

Dun, 6 J>: 2. Yahoo (R Lamb. 7-2): 3. Ash 
Royal (C Hawkins, 50- 1). ALSO RAN: " 

: 85- 

40 lav prmce Santiago (pu), 100-30 S) 
Cokna (pu). B Ctonrooie Stream 

ton. 10 
.33 Another 

3. Ariifcafl (M - 


“W *2P^ff°Vjiili. Hil. F Gray ai 

_ J (f). 20 Hemerno (0. 33 
Gear ipuL 9 ran. 61. diSL Mrs W Tube at 
Eyemouth. Tow £850: £1.70. £1.50. 
£7.50. DF: E1B40. CSF: £334.16. 

3.15 (3m Ch) 1. GRINDERS (M Pepper. 
9-4): 2. Carpenter’s Way (C Grant 1 1-10 
lavi: a. why Forget (H Lamb. 1 00-30). 
ALSO RAN. 12 Bmerman (pul. 4 ran. St. 
dsL E Carter at Mahan Tote: £250 DF; 
£2.00. CSF: £4.90. 

3.45 (2m 120yd hdle) 1. TAWNY SPIRIT 
IMDwrei 11-4), 2, Dalton Dandy (Mr M 
Sowersby. 50-1). 3. Tower Hope (PNNen. 
7-d lav) ALSO HAN: « Own Up (4th). 162 
High Bjge Grey (Bthl. 12 4 R Decounts 
20 Fomna wood. 33 DouCte Line. 
October Woods. Prmce SaL 50 Prudent 
Boy, Some Yoyo. Prretme. 13 ran. NR: 
Clever Foiiy. Pendtey Gold. US. 41, a. a. 

enanJS. nm * =»» 

•’.I Jwrry Fcqerakl 3t Mahon. Tow. 
£4 10: £i 30. £4,50. £».50 DF: £7050. 
CSF- £112 72 
piacopoc £394.10 

Far Bridge tribute The Bald 
to Balding’s skill Eagle 

By Quistopher Gocdding 

Toby Balding, the Fyficid 
trainer, who has enjoyed 
tremendous success in big 
handicaps on the Flat this 
season with Green Ruby win- 
ning the Stewards' Cup and Ayr 
Gold Cup, performed a great 
training feat at Ascot yesterday 
when be saddled Far Bridge to 
win the Crockfords Trophy 
Handicap Chase. 

Ear Bridge has been off the 
track through leg injury for 17 
months. The ten-year-old gal- 
loped his rivals into the ground. 
Mrs Carolyn Balding, represent- 
ing her husband, Toby, who has 
Down out to California to waicb 
the Breeders' Cup, said: "Mary 
Bromiiey, from Baydon, has 
done wonders to get him back 
sound for us." 

“If be gets into the handicap 
we will probably run him at 
Cheltenham in the Mackeson 
Gold Cup. Steve Smith Ecdes 
said he mil improve a lot from 
the run today," added Mrs 

many disappointments in fo£ 

Steel Plate Young Chasers 
Novices’ Chase. 

“When he joined me after 
Bob died, I thought he was the 
best five-year-old I had in the 
yard. He has been disappoint- 
ing. It is bard to say why. Ire 

stands 1 7 hands high and prob- 

ably was weak, but now be tas 
filled out,” said Josh Gifford, 


From Mkhael Seely. Sana 

Anita, California 

Breve mar not tare 

_ his own way w * ea 

E S2T£ 

Jim Joel's Olympic Prize dear at the last fence at Ascot yesterday 

The Balding stable initiated a 
double at the meeting when 
Brent Riverside won the 
Binfteld Novices' Hurdle in the 
capable hands ofRicbaxd Guest, 
the brother of the Flat jockey 

Olympic Prize, the last horse 
that the late Bob TumeD pur- 
chased for Jim Joel, finally 
registered his first victory after 

the winning trainer. chjuunfen enters - 

Ron Hodges, the Somcrton an estimated 75,000 

trainer, has ambitious plans for -pert-tars for the S2m Breeders 
Teletrader, the winner of the & Santa Am® <» 

EBFNovices’ Hurdle. S™ „„ „ 

“I* bred Tdetradfer myself very weU." sut 

from a mare. Miss Saddler, wbo h trainer, Charlie 
cost 420 guineas at the Ascot niu ^wi. yesterday- “S« 
sales. The mare won six races for in^- ta aet out there and nn and 
us. Christine Young, a coo- j,... -c^ood a mare as FVe erer 
ditional jockey in the yard, used teV me that *e 

to get on very well with the has to come 

mare, as she was very ^ t^Tpace hot this is a **8p» 
temperamental, said Hodges. be 13 or 14 

“Nmv that be has filled out he ^^^ heT, need afl the 
should be a good horse. We will i*,- 

aim him at one of tbe top novice Dahar, but 

hurdles at the Chdtenham tyZgyu jg dearly the more 
Estival," added the trainer. 

Acarine, tbe winner of tos bSTjudge of these 

yew’s Norwe gian Grand Na- tfiveW than the 

donah returned to En gl ish -sou -n v ^jj “Bald Eagle", stOI 

Handicap Chase. Door Latch, A „ MT j rft F> scene. 

The funner Marine Cor^ 
hno has broken nearly all the 
records. He has saddled nearly 
200 individual winners of over 
450 <4aires races. He has cap- 
tured over 115 SimOO© races^ 

wbo looked to be his 
threat, was making his i _ 

when he domed the fourth-last 
fence, and catapulted his rider, 
Peter Hobbs, to the ground. 


1.30 Polar Glen. 
100 Ulan Bator. 
130 Numerate. 


By Mandarin 

3.00 Kingswood. 

3.30 HALF FREE (nap). 

4.00 Sparkler Spirit. 

Michael Seely's selection: 130 Numerate. 

The Times Private Handi capper's top rating: 3.30 HALF FREE (nap). 

Guide to our new in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TNESFORM(CD5F)(Mis JF)y1ey)BHail9-1(H) 

Racecard nuHber. Draw In brackets. Si* -figure 
land (F-felL P-nded up. IMmseand nder. B- 
broughi down. S-sEppod up. R-retusedi Horae's 
name (Bankers. V-vsor. H-hood. E-E 
C-corna winner. D-ikstanca winner.- 

B Went (4) 88 74! 

and detancs winner. BF-beatsn favourite in latest 
race). Owner m brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weight. Rkier plus any alowanoe. The Times 
Private Handtcapper*s rung. Appraxtmats starting 

1-30 NETHER WALLOP NOVICES HURDLE (Dtv I: £828: 2m 6f) (23 runners) 

2 000- ARIZONA IBrtg C Harvey) D Wchoteon 5-10- ML 

3 OP/OOF-fl BACKPACKER (CWH) Mrs L Clay 6-10-10 

5 00/20- BRtANOGAN (Mrs J Cotton) T Forater 6-iD-iO-. 

0 DOUBLE UP (Mra P Hagruvee) M Hlnchittie 9-10-10 — 

POOO-OO FLYING TENDERPOOT (B) (Mrs J Harvey) P Beliey 5-1 0-10. 
OOPOO- KNOBI OBI (P Hannen) «*5S E Sneyd 7-tO-TO.. 






16 0040/00 SHAMROCK MAR. [Mrs ETap4n)J Tapfcl 7-10-10 

17 030/0P-P SBHINDY (M Groombndge) R Civlis 5-10-10 

18 3400PSV STAR OF ARABIA (Kna»d Karrar) Mra JPJtman 7-10-10- 

19 WOODROW LAD (F HabberfieM) P Hcffibs 5-10-10 

20 00000- CHAISE LONGUE (C WWgW) H O'Nail 4-10-5 

21 OP300-0 COINHIDGEiE Darke) GDoidge 6-10-5 

23 OPOOF/F- FLY GATE (P PlMtff) B Facsey 7-10-5 . 

RDuMaody — — 
— . Mr D Emtt 80 — 
— H Davies *99 5-1 
19 — 


Mias G Annytagc 

340320 MAOffi WARRIOR (B)[D Coombs) A Barrow 4-10-10.. 

304380- MOUNT OLIVER (DSmitn)M Scudamore 6-10-10 

OP/O- NEARLY A PIAE (Mrs D Hues) D GandoBo 6-KMD 

P-04 POLAR GLEN I Mrs V Pnflps) R Hoages 5-10-10 

000- ROYAL DUCHY (CRoacniC Roach 4-10-10 


87 — 

75 — 
— F7-2 
— M 

88 4-1 
80 — 

I Yoeoan (7) — — 

— — 10-1 

P Barton 
B Rowed 


_ Peter Hobbs 


George Knight 
. J Duggan 

24 Q/P0003- GWSUPBUIARE (Greet Wesrern Ud) N MacMfi 5-10-S Mr T Mtctwfl (7) 

25 00-0 MISS CHRISTOPHER |G Davis) R Holder 4-10-5. P Morphy 

26 FPOD-O PHYLL-TARQU1N (P Pnar-Wandes«0rdel T Forster 6-106 L Haney (7) 

27 0F-FU42 SAUCY SPRITE (R Norton) A Jams 4-105 K Burke 

— 6-1 
90 12-1 

90 — 
81 — 

1985: JOSCILLA 6-1 05 B Powell (6-13 lav) L Kemnard 8 ran 

CODM BACKPACKER (10-0) ran respectably despite o«ng in need ol the race when 13«1 5th fo More 
rUniii Hopeful (11-7) at Worcester (3m. £1392. good to firm. Oct 11. 10 ran). BRMNOGAN 
rSsappointed at FontweH in December navirm produced srane form (10-10) m tinstong S 2nd to Cmtabue 170- 
10)at Windsor (2m ES63. good. Nov 18, 19ran). MAO« WARBIOfl (10-9) ran his best race whan 31 2nd to 
Haddak (1 1-6) at Hereford pn 4f, £725, firm. Od 3. 4 ran). NEARLY A P»E (1 i-O) 14J 6th to Thn HaciendBroa 
(1 1-0) at New&jy m November 1985 (2m. £2013. sort, 13 ran). POLAR GLEN (1 1-1 ) shoWd be mpabie of wib- 
nmg a race based on an 81 4th to Live In Hope (11*10) at Taunton (3m if, E817, good to firm, 13 ran). Though 
unraced since the 1984/85 season STAR OF ARASUM11-0] ran John North (ii-li)to2fel at UttoxetBrki that 
season, farm that shouk) be good enough here pm, £548. good to soft May 27. 12 tan). 

Selection: STAR OF ARABIA 

2.0 NAILSWORTH NOVICES CHASE (£1 ,852: 2m 5f) (20 runners) 


2 2F/240-4 BURNT OAK (Brig C Harvey) D Mcholson 10-11-7 BftwrOM* *98 92 

3 P8F4BP- WSTBt DONUT (E SwaffiokQ R Hodges 8-1 0-13 LHarvey(7) 88 25-1 

4 01 01F/4 FEROCH3US KMGHT(D) (Mra A CheaWreJkfiSSJ Thome 7-10-11 HOewtea — 6-1 

5 4/083041 NUMERATE (R Clarke} O Sherwood 7-10-10 S Starwood 97 F5-2 

6 20020-0 MBMBMDGEtP Didoeee)P Dufosae 11-10-4 BPOwal 97 3-1 

7 30P/U32 PftMCELYCMLL(B44(MraGE Janw^MnsGE Jones 12-10-0 Mr MRfetade (7) 94 5-1 

8 3402U-P DAWN FOX (CP) (D Lane) P Duflgine 13-10-0 — ... — 98 25-1 

1905: C08LEY EXPRESS 9-11-6 R hMmen (11-2) B Isaac 5 ran 


. I to Fudge 

25, 7 jan). HSTER DQMUTjpi^not 


pernchmatie stan last season when 131 3rd to Deseil Fox (1 2-2) oiCholtenham {4in Hunt. £31 79. sofC May 7, 22 

ran). FEROCIOUS KNIGHT (11-Q never dangnpus when 36 IS 4th to MidnMit Midness (10^ at Tarmton On 

1 f . £21 55. good to arm. Oct 23, 1 0 ran). NUfcRATEri0-12) kund 9w gniibM-an MonWig Ekaaks (1 1-4) i 

too good at W orc es t er (2m 4f, £1820, good to ftm, Oct 11. 9 ran). MEMBMDGE (11-1) always behind on I 
sassonal reappearance m race won by Stubbs Oaughtarfll-fi) at Fdntwas (2m 21). Onpenttfnaw start oflaat 
term (165) was 81 2nd to Morn Leas nO-2) at Pkitnon can If, £1 932, heavy. Apr 21 . Bran). MMCB.V CALL I 
(10-7) 8) 2nd to Gratification (11 -5) M Chrfmnhani ^n, £3054. good to fimu Oa 22. 9 renj. DAWN FOX (1 1-4) 
fet effort last season when 41 2nd to Crowning Moment (10-0) at Daunton pm if, £2M6.wnn. Nov 21. 13 ran). 
Selection: MT 

3.0 NETHER WALLOP NOVICES HURDLE (Div H: £843: 2m6f)(19 runners) 

1 PPF-412 KMQSWOOO KlTOBtS (CtLB^ (J Joseph] O Bsworth 6-1 1-3 JFfoet W99F3-1 

000- DREAMCOAT (D Goodanou^i) K EUstwp 5-10-10- 

321 8CATTGR8UCK (M Bradstock) F Waiwyn 5-11-5. 
4 3/00PP-4 ANOTm LEASON fp Hidse) J Cosgraw 9-10-H). 











POO- Hi GOUNASi THEOH (Mrs M Snow) G Doidga 6-HMO^ 

0020- GMU ROCK (LREhanMIO Barm 5-10-10 

040V HHdlY LAHCASTHI (M GrWWi) T Halett 7-10-10 

200000- MGWAND CARDMAL (C WeedQig C Woedon 7-10-10. 
P 18 DAT UTB) (B)(P Barber) Mss J Thome 5-16-10 — 
0036 LORD LUCKY (M Neck] N Kamick 4-16-10- 

G Chart** Jonn 

E Earl* (4) 

D P r ew n e 

PNfc buO* 

72 70-1 
96 IT-2 

80 8-1 

87 6-1 

beea leading Drainer (in ®o**y 
terms) serai times sace 197U- 

Unending list of 

PARK B1QE (Mrs M May) P Hobbs 6-16-10- 

THE LUCKPENNY MAN (0 Strait) Mbs J Pftm 7-10-10_ 
- 2 THE THMSTY rAllMDl (Mrs B Wnfl) R HflkMr 7-10-10, 

4/4 ATLANTIC LE1SIRE p Pasco^ O Sherwood 6-105 

P0306P BASSRET (B) (G Daidge) G DoMge 6-166 

0- FULL 8PMT(B Young) B Young 6-105 

0 RAGTME DANCE (W Bush) W Bush 6-105 


90 6-1 

- B defeat 

— P Murphy 

S Sherwood 

_R J Beg 
C Gray 

SCALE MODS. (J Roper) J Roper 4-165 . 

SECRET Km. (Brig C Hwvey] O Nicholson 4-105. 

198* CANADIAN KWGS-10-10 8 HaRy <56 fenj G BakSng 10 ran 
DM KINGSWOOD WTCHBI8 2nd what odds-on at Devon last time. 

runm scATnaaucKin-am 

stfil held is better ) 

an 151 here cam 8f. £599. ftm. 

■r Judged on a 6 3rd to Tmlyn (fl-q at Worcester {2m, 
was below ftsm last ttm8.howeMar(1 1-31 Ba« Boca WBSt(116)30l« 

soft. Aug 27. 11 ran). HIGHLAND CARtWlALpO-ah 

Sefl Heap. £656, soft, Aug E7.11 ran). HHHUKi 

to 101 on seasonal debutln 1985 at Mtasmne 

1 O/PO-113 JIM4WY QUCKIT (BF) (Lord Chdsaa) T Forster B-126 

2 301011 HADOAK (C Latan] B PaBmg 5-11-9 

3 0/21 POO- BOHAN MAJOR (Miss PBarmiB) Miss P Barnes 9-1 15... 

4 PP0/00- ASHCOMSE(RHe(tttch)TBulgin 7-11-4 

6 BENJAMIN RABBn(D BOTH) S Dow 8-1 1-4 

7 U32QPP BILLY BUMPS (C Popham)C POpham 8-11-4 

8 P0F00-F DUNVEOAN CASTLE (P Sugden) G Prest 7-1 1-4 

9 422/0 FADA (B Broad) J Bosley 81 1-4 

H Be vies 

. C Evans (4) 

™ B Bowel 
_ JLovefoy 
H Guest (7) — 

78 4-1 
66 5-1 
87 13-2 

10 0UUU00- FITZGAYLE (B) (R Dennis) K Btehcp 8-11-4 — 

11 GLENSCE JERRY (Q Jones) G Baking 6-1 1-4 — 

13 3 HESHOULD (Winterbourne Construction Lid) A Tumell 8-11-4 

14 44/0100- KINGSWICK (Siiux UK Ltd) J Francome 611-4 

15 POPO-O OUR DAY (J Blackwefl) Mss J Thome 6-11-4 

18 F-P000F TAF (R Howefls) R HoweRs 611-4 

20 3FFPF2 ULAN BATOH (Mrs O Jackson) FYlTmter 9-11-4 

21 0/ WTTHINGTQN (D Poarmanl D Paannan 7-1 1-4 

24 POOOP/P- MAJOR SYMPHONY (B W»S) J HoneybaB 8-10-13 

25 4tVOP0k. 0UB GRACtE (B Cotehan) T Bulgin 7-16-13 

26 0F332P- PRMCESS ISIS (CMcLimock) 8 Forsey 8-1613 

27 P/2 SUCHONG (B) (V Greenway) P Hobbs 61613 

R Dunwoody 

66 — 
— 161 

K Mooney 

„ Steve Knight 
, S Smith Ecdes 
RJ Baggan 

— F61 

. P Scudamore *99 4-1 
C Co* (4) — — 

. BdeHaan 

» Jl 

Peter Hobbs 59 

73 — 

1985: ARCTIC STREAM 611-4 K Mooney (615 lav) P Waiwyn 7 ran 

FORM JlWWNYOmcxrrjl 1-2) disappointing on tet 
rwnm AN MAJOR (11-8) puled up at Devon Om 11). 

when (it-10) easily deposing olTurfcana(i1-3)Dy 1 
HADOAK reverts to the larger obstacle ' ' 
fences when (H-2) beatmg Baluchi (11 

HADOAK reverts to the larger obstacles today having scored over hurdles last time. Previously reared over 
-7) at Worcester 12m 41. £1548. firm. Sept 28. 6 ran). IIHMAN MAJOR 

(11-2) beet effort when beatmg Vrtnott: (11-2) 21 at Devon (2m If. £1643. good to firm. Sept 2. 11 ran) 
KINGSWICK (11-2) scored over hurdles last season when beatmg Mattora Lad (161) ft] here (2m (St, £3263, 
soft. Dec 26, 20 ran) ULAN BATOR was not disgraced m good company on occasions last season. On final 
start (11-lt) was tu 2nd to Centre Attraction (10*8) at Bangor (2m 4f, £2774, good-soft. Apr 12, 16 ran) 
SUCHONG (169) a 51 2nd to Woodland Shadow (10-9) at Worcester (2m. £1381. good. Oct 25, 12 ran) 
Selection: ULAN BATOR 

Course specialists 








Par Cent 

F Winter 




3 de Haan 










F Waiwyn 




S Smrtfi fedes 








P Ban on 




(1 15) mode a iproraWng hunting debut, 

firtn, Oct 16 Branl. 



(2m 5f. £548.1 

HU into 2nd by I 

at Newton Abbot on pentitkiiate start I 

|lsh88twhBn ft eeH e nd ra t>Cuww(iBD 

Nov 25. 15 raitt. THE TWISTY FARMER 

■Spring (169) at ttks course (2mH.£S76, 


3 3/14016 HALF FREE (CO) (Shefch Ah Abu Khamso^ F Writer 161T8 PScudmm ftB9F55 

4- 333163 KATMES LAD (JCtoyton) A Jarvis 6115 

6 P2PP66 FLYING JACKDAW (K Sdater) H CTNei 1611-1 

7 0P1O16 LUCKY REW (CO) (Mrs M Teverthan) T Brtgta 11-11-1. 
9 F4R3R6 ROCWTELD BOY (N Goymw) D Wlnde 611-1 . 

10 140/212- VOOKATM (Dick Rfchaidson Radng Ud) P Haynes 7-11-1 

. S SrnHh Ecdee 

R P u wwo u d y 


— ACarrci 

87 75 
— 161 

84 — 
60 — 
50 — 

198S: TfCTSAREVICH 6115 J Whitt 01-13 tar) N Hendarean 4 t«l 

FORM beatingo 

LAD (1613) best eltort 

of The 

(2m, £13760, good to soft. Apr 5, 
Cold Winters (11-4) *1 here _ 
(totaling 251 aid toBalanitt 
C att d io n. HALF FREE 

1 when besting 

, good. 16 ran) VODKATM (11-5 has not been out since 
tfll-OJai Kempion (2m 41 Now Ch. £2834 aoR, Ote 2ft 5 ran) 


1 21036 MR INBBS(D)(PSmreafi) MS JFfiman 611-10 WOGatagtan 97 61 

2 3F/00D6 MBTER GOLDEN (Q9 Paytft) A Davison 6115 Penny FWcttHsym 98 

3 FO-2203 ZACCIO (R Clarke) S Dow 6169 ROmst 94 61 

4 PnM60 AMBUNWJ.FF(KPMWc9J Cosgraw 7-105 TfWta •» 

6 24P/0-48 FAST SERVICE (BF) (Mrs J Jackson) C Hotgsn 7-104 P O oe wrt 94F3-1 

7 F43150 SPARKLER SP8HT (Spartder Fitters LHQ R Akahurat 610-2 DM cK eow n 97 61 

9 0P3206 BKN HUGGED (D Gendodo) Q Qandotfo 16160 ■ ~ KEmn — 61 

3511 OP BOLD DECEPTION (CD) (Mrs J Seymour) WG Turner 16160- 

608340 BR0CHE(Q){TBIsh)KBWiap6105. 

030DF6 BLACK SHEEP (Ms E Dudgeon) I Dudgeon 6105 

13 B/33F06 HOHMOOR DIAMOND (B£D)(P Herawn) Mt»E Sneyd 6160. 

14 DO/U-404 STOP HGHT1NG (Mss LWonnecittQ Mra JWbrmacott 16160 

16 OOQ/OP6 SOVEBSGMS MAGE (Mrs PJoynesJJSpeartog 7-165 

17 0PFPP5 SAUUNGO SONG (J Parish) P Dunstan 7-165, 

1S8S: BELTANE THE SMIH 6165 H Davies (162) J Thome 5 ran 


Firepower (167) at 

wfwn last to Ftencscus at TowcestorrM 

pn It. £899. good » tkm. Sept 17. 13rSyT^^B 

■VHHHWing 3rd AftTbafind the tonrwlin Playa iSm 

dniya moderate 7mbet wdlWMwtatoMann6ifl)MNwvtonAtgoL but had SAtaJHQOSOMQOC 

srarer BOLD DECEPTION (1 67) in rear (2m If, *2700, good to firm. Qa 14, 1 2 ran), 


2.45 EBF NOVICES HURDLE QUALIFIER (£1,427: 2m) (15 runners) 


By Mandarin 

1.15 Centre Attraction. 
1.45 Careen. 

2.15 Rising ForcsL 

2.45 Supreme Charter. 
3.15 Rising ForesL 

3.45 Buck Up. 

By Michael Seely 

2.15 RISING FOREST (nap). 3.45 Buck Up 

Going: good 

1.15 EAST BR1DGFORD HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,510: 2m 74yd) (8 runners) 

1 ■ 040 TIP- CENTRE ATTRACTION (Mrs V Mason) G Richards 7-12-3 P Tuck 91 61 

4 1101-01 YOUNG HAWK (CD) (Mrs L Oevetty) C Jackson 161 1-2 B Dowling (7) 88 F2-1 

6 OOfF-XB UTTLE TROUBLE 1C Hachings) C Hrehmgs 161611 H HyeO SO 4-1 

8 FPOflP-4 PALATWATE |G Hartiganl G Harugan 6168 SIMM 9014-1 

9 00/400F- THE GO-80V (CD) (Mrs W Sykes) Mrs W Sykes 12-165 S Itoratead • 89 12-1 

10 04P2-21 SEVERN SOUNDiJ Bra*S<ay)J Bradley 6162(7e» GDavkn S3 61 

13 405334 POSTDYNE (CO) (DOtcMW Mam 11-105 W Hump hreys (7) 86 61 

14 000340 BEN'S WAY (R Car ri ng t on) K BntJgwarer 7-10-0 W Worthington 82 — 

' 1885: STUBBS DAUGHTER 61610 A Jones (61) K Bailey 11 ran 

1.45 KINOULTON SELLING HURDLE (£780: 2m) (13 runners) 

1 11-PP04 CAREEN (0)(J MKkJe^eeXj M P*» 611-10-...— P Leach 

3 0001 PJ LYSIMACHUS (T Ramsden) M Ryan 611-10... — NON-RUNNER 

5 U30000 JUST SPUOfB Marsh) JP Snvth 5-1 15 N Foam 

7 001-P30 SUNNY REEFOiK DowoesweOl J Cosgrave 6H5 J Sadism 

g PPPFPO- ABJAO (G FamCon Eng Co Ltd) R Woomuse 6115 D Dutton 

11 P00/00 DUNCORMICK (Mrs J Bealbvi Mrs J Beatov 6-11-0. MrCO e al b y 

13 OPOUP- MCTIGUE (C Waroman) J C Doyle 6 H5 CWoTOmOn 

15 20/000R- PORTSIOE »R NlchcJSI T BA 6115 R Crank 

16 000060 PRIVATE LABEL (V)|F Lee) F H L*e 6-115. C Nolan (7) «99F61 

V OUP/OA-P T W S HOMES rB Renmondi B Richmond 61 15 P Corrigan S4 

IP 4006 DREAM ONCE MORE (Tnersayl T Kersey 6169 Susan Kercey (7) 

19 446 HOOT ON LA NE |P Cnr tstoVroul M&S J King 5-169 P Dover 

20 0*03500 HOT BETTY (Mrs E Aaairi floruit) Thompson 6-169 Jayne Thompson (7) 

1985: PASS ASHORE 6115 R Ounwoodv (4-1) M C*ver 7 ran 

2.15 NEWARK STORAGE NOVICES CHASE (£1.573: 3m 110yd) (15 runners) 

0/641 MASTER B9T tC New) Mrs I McKie 9.114 - M Bosley (4) 

O0P1FU NORTH DOWN IG Carve) 6 Preece 10-11-3 — R Strange 

00-3431 WEE WILLIAM/B Hicvsl J PraOteV 5-tt-3 .. G Davies 

ADAGE f Mrs. W SyV£S) Mrs IV Sv*e% 7-169 - SMorchead 

ADVERTISE IG Baboagei Mrs £ Babbage 7-169 N Babbage 

F03206 BRIGHT SHEHRtFF (H) (T Winwoon) O Bterwwn 7-10-9 M Brennan 

FPP-024 COMO LOOGE (D D«Ck) W Mann 9-10-9 . . _ W Humphreys (7) 

94 4-1 

74 161 
80 61 

93 — 

93 61 
90 61 

CONCRETE CABIN |Mrc Y Toci-ri P O cormor 6169. 0 WHams 

q/OF-Ot LORD GREENFtEU) (V) Ifl raieral O O'Neil 610-9 JSuttam 

333 POD/ LUCKY VINTAGE <M*s M Prcecel P Prrtcnaro 9-169 D China 

17 2110/46 RISING FOREST lA F Bulge lEwwie) L*d) jimmy Fnzgerak) 7-169 ... U Dwyer 

10 UF SEALED OFFER J Hey) P Beaumont 6169 P A Farrell (4) 

20 F04642 THE RIDINGS ifl TaW) R Tale 7-’69 — - . PTuck 

22 F4-4FB2 SPARTAN NATIVE p B^ereionj A w Jcmn 610-4 _ SJtTNriB 

23 OOFOfPU DIANA'S DEUGHT (Mrs V GooddMai R Shepherd 610-2 Mrs C Smaftnan 

1985: FAME THE SPUR T-105 B de Maori (11-1) P flaws IS ran 

77 61 
BO — 

i 99 12-1 
83 12-1 

81 161 

73 161 
E8 161 












CADEBY (R Schotey) R Schotoy 5-1 1 5 

OUP- EYETRAP (Mrs P Hants) PHantt 61 1-0_ 
060 WLL BEAGLE (NBnwmJJP Strtfii 6115- 

P6 PROUD POMPEY (GBma) Mra CCttrk 6115. 
PYLEIGH PRMCE (Mrs C Bntfain) T 8» 6115 . 

6JOTMB 88 — 

SttBtT MAMJAL (Mrs C Brudemfl-Bruc^ M H Easiartiy 6115. 
ST GABREL (T Tats) T Tato 6115. 

COLLEGE SAX (Portal Dewtapm antt LM) O McCain 61613. 

R Crank — 
.LWyar — 161 
80 61 

24P SUPREME CHARTER (Charter Ractog UQ Mrs J Pitman 61613. 

0/333 Charmeleon-gml (Mrs N Parish) J Pariah 6105 

MORBLtAS PRB1E (A Brewster) S WMn 6105. 

M Altera 

>99 FI-2 
■8 13-2 

WATER EATON 8MOY(Mml Kennod)M Plpa 6166. 

RELUCTANT GST (D Gandotte^ D GandoKo 4-105 

S0VSeGNlWO(S Radar) I Wartfle 4-165- 

VULGAIBS (Top todumtei Mnufactutog Ud) P Davis 4-168 

19Kb DRYFBEAD 6115 P CrtXKttW 161 K BaNey 9 ran 

P Leach — 161 

T Wooiay (7) —161 

— NDOvftb 161 

G Le nde u (4) 

3.15 BV1GHAM HANDICAP CHASE (£2,096: 3m 110yd) (7 runners) 

212226 GAINSAY pJ3D) (E Brawn) Mrs J Pitman 7-11-10. 
000026 BRMKWA7EH (D PlBher) D Pitcher 1611-4. 

223126 DUNCOMBE PRINCE (J McDonough) J Jaftoraon 7-1618. 

163313 GLORY SNATCHER (Triuntai Properties Ltd) G ffehards 16166 . 

230000/ LAURSISUN (Mrs C Stack) Mra C Black 11-16S_— 

0021-12 RIVB1 WARRIOR (J Bradley) J Bradtoy 6162. 


2F0U32- WOODLAND GENBtATOR (Miss M Proea^ P Prikhard 7-105. 

, D Chian 

198Se BURGLARS WALK 6105 C Grant (7-2) Denys Smith 9 ran 

87 61 
■ 98 61 
M 61 
— 161 
M 62 
91 161 

3j45 LOWDNAM HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,606: 2m (18 runners) 

2 1U9I45 ASCEMCOOR (CD) (S Bowring) S Bowing 7-11-8 

5 04114-2 BUCK UP (BF)(I6ColB Warden) MHEaMartiy 6115. 

6 002-111 KMtHARA D pi Hughes) Mrs G Rewfiey 4-1613 : 

7 0001- FAARIS (Mrs B Cutty) B Curley 61611 

3022-30 STRWGPLAYB1(FLM)FH LOS 4-169. 

11 R21FP- KMOHTS HOR (R RBoy) H Whiting 6166— 

12 1GTE2Q/6 GODS WILL (P Burman) B Ri c hm unii 7-165. 

DShaw 90161 

— LWyar D99F7-Z 

— PMvan(5 80 61 
DMarataW 89 7-1 

— SHaOead 97 61 

13 2/20613 BBC'S WISH (□ Jones) SPreecs 6162 

14 01-0313 CORAL HARBOUR (G) (3 Wddfcton) I WardlS 4-161 

15 200603 DOUBLE CBSCOUNT (CD) (C Flea) K Ftanng 6161 

16 P-P0300 CHBEKY RUN (B) (F Jecksort) F Jackson 7-160. 

17 100006 BULLOM (1 A r mstrong) R Tata 6105 

19 0/0F306 MASTERPLAN (Mrs w %fces) Mrs W Sykes 6105. 

20 F04006 PAOYKW (CD) (J Ounce?) M Chapmair6l(M). 

21 0P0611 RKMGSOVBREiaN(J Parish) J Parish 61O5(10 bx) 

22 3F/0F53 COLOWIFULL PADDY (Triumph Prop Ltd)G Richards 11-160 

23 1000/6 MISS PELHAM (FLtoSCOmtyTCuagr 6105 

24 431016 FBJES-OE-flO! (Mrs P Sly) Mrs P Sty 610-0- 

PCorrign — — 
: — TMl 80 -i- 

H Doaghty 92 61 


93 — 

97 61 

19B5: JONLAM 6115 R Eantshaw {5-1 lay) Mm M DtcWnswi 14 ran 

Course specialists 



G Richards 
□ Brennan 
Only qualifiers 











M Brennan 









Par Cent 

h«s won tire 
Sams Anita Handicap and the 
Hollywood Park Gold Cop on 
seren occasions apfcce and is the 
only trainer to have taken the 
Badweiser- Arlington MflUon 
twice with different horses, with 
Penult in 1982 and with 
Estoapade this August. The list 
of achievements is aae»ding. 

By raid-morning the dost had 
stated betwee n the rows of groro 
wooden huts and weeping ™- 
knvs, which font the bars are* 
or racecoorse stables. Earlier, do 
sooner had the son risen like a 
ball of fire behind the San 

Gabriel mountains at 6 am than 

the 2,900 horses had made the 
corase a flurry of activity at their 
morning exercise. 

This week the tacbOy-tralned 
horses have fo dear the track by 
9 am fo allow the European 
raiders to work- So afl was quiet 
as 1 walked fo barn 6 fo see 
Whittinghara. Stooping sfightiy, 
he was feraaafesdy dressed in 
a. tweed coat and light troasers* 
despite the seltry heat, as he 
peered at a board outside his 
office, calling out instructions fo 
his assistant, Rodney Bash. 

Re then became aware of ray 
presence. He then looked care- 
fully at me, as be dragged his 
attention away bora the bad- 
ness in hand. After acknowledg- 
ing my identity, we sat down on a 
couple of bard drain in foe 
workaday room, clattered- with 
entry fonts and other radsceQa- 
neoas papers. 

It was hard to consider Jhat 
this austere and venerable! 
had once daimed to be foe I 
batting champion of foe States 
“Throw whisky in their eyes 
firsthand then yoaVe got ‘era," 
ssed to be his recommended 
method of attack. 

“That was a long time ago,” 
he said firmly. *T deal drink at 
aO bow so well hare to talk like 
'this." His brain b sfiU razor 
sharp hot like many older men 
his brow fraiows as be recalls 
foe post. “Ooh,” he said. T have 
trained a lot of good horses, Ack 
Ack, Porterhouse and Cougar 

In 1971 Ack Ack was horse of 
the year, champion sprinter and 
best elder horse. Porterhouse 
was cfaampfcm two-year-tad colt 
in 1953 and< 
grass horse in If 

But this is a man of foe 
present. Apart from the big 
races be has won with Estrapade 
and Ferdinand this season he 
has also captared the 1986 
Santa Anita Handicap with 

He took me with a grata air of 

jpride to look at Fer dinand, (he 

cocMpKTOr of Bold Arrangement 
in tbe Kentucky Derby. “Not 
many people are allowed to look 
ta turn," he said, as we inspected 
a strong, muscular, well- bal- 
anced three-year-old colL “He’s 
got a month before bell be ready 
to ran," he went on, “but you'll 
be hearrag a lot more of Ferdi- 
nand, he’s a good horse." 

Playing the game 
in a big field 

As the trainer saw oh off the 
premises firmly bat kindly he 
ended on a philosophical note. 
“Things are never different, 
training’s ranch foe srane foe 
whole world over. You’ve got to 
do foe best yon can with tbe 
horses yoo.’ve got under the 
conditions available. Some peo- 

always been foe same. 

“Yon can’t be a money man 
and a good trainer as weO. I have . 
got accoontatas to do foe bnsi- ' 
T1 «y cotadn’t train . 
the bases and 1 coalda’t do foe 
sums. So I concentrate on the 
animals and let others 
about finance. 


Whittinghara plays in a - 
big field indeed. Ttafomi 
money available in foe soJESf 

m New York. 
™ s *■ 

We fisnres. ADea E PimSw" 
*ta former borarf 
sold his 
to the Cbrvta« 

^° ratlo “ for * fertS^n 

WestlnO^raia ft?? 

Atete and foe 
of Dubai m foe>2S 

Potion for foe 


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England’s trip off the 
tourist map barely 
worth the air sickness 

From a Special Correspondent, Wudinna, South Australia 

a half hoars in the 
^ M to “ scareeIv Sekl, and assured that his first 
ball would not 

_ scarcely 

^Orih the air sickness several 
Players experienced in the 
light aircraft in which they 
Unveiled to it from Adelaide. 
Restricting a South Australian 
Country XI to 131 for nine, 
they beat them by nine wickets 
and with the exceptions of 
Bread and Slack, who both 
maw fifties, got little useful 

For a crowd of nearly 4,000 
the main pleasure of the day 
no doubt came from receivin g 
a touring team for the fim 
Ume. with its population of 
fewer than 1,000, Wudinna is 
thought to be the smallest 
place at which an England 
team have played since W G 
Grace's lime. 

But the game itself lacked 
sparkle. Unhappily, in their 
anxiety to make every thing 
just so, the home dub took 
such pains over their pitch, 
starting on its preparations at 
the beginning of September, 
that they rolled the life from it 

Slack’s failure against 
Queensland, where he was out 
to Frei, the quick left-hander, 
for one and nought was a 
factor in Gatting’s decision to 
bat second. Loosened up by 

swing and 
hurry through in the way that 
defeated him in Brisbane, 
Slack nude good use of un- 
demanding bowling with a 
careful two ho urs at the crease. 

Broad, whose 59 was 
smoothly made in an hour and 
a half, with his usual crisp play 
off his legs, outbatted him for 
the fourth time in five inningc 
and looks in good enough 
touch to be safely discarded 
from the 13 for tomorrow’s 
game with South Australia. 

With only two regular open- 
ers in the side, England would 
be well advised to give Aibey a 
taste of playing the new balL 
With two low scores in Ad- 
elaide, Slack raised doubts 
about his abflrty to handle 
Australia's fast bowlers in the 
Brisbane Test tomorrow 

South Australia were beaten 
by eight wickets -in their 
opening Sheffield Shield game 
at Perth over the weekend and 
have no bowler faster than fast 
medium. Gower has been left 
out of the England 13; but 
though no more should be 
read into the decision than the 
necessity of giving Whitaker a 

ToWP wM. 33.4 cwuraj 


What a beautiful 
day for Pakistan 

From Richard Streeton, Faisalabad 

After Pakistan won the first 
Test match by 186 runs here 
yesterday, Vivian Richards, the 
West Indies captain, admitted it 
was the worst moment he had 
known in West Indian cricket 
Then, with a touch of typical 
Caribbean philosophy, he 
added: “But you must remem- 
ber, man, one beautiful day does 
not make a summer. 

“We cannot be 'too dis- 
appointed after all the successes 
we have had. Every time we get 
in anything tilc« thin dismal 
position some people are ready 
to jump over the moon. It is nice 
for them to be able to do that. As 
far as we are concerned we must 
keep our poise, which is im- 
portant in these parts. Our 
proven work as a unit will 
enable us ro come back. I repeat, 

Lowest tows by each country in Test 

New Zeeland: 26 v England (Auckland, 

1964*5) . 

South Africa: 30 .v England pact Etts- 
faedl, 1895-96) 

30 v England (Edgbaston. 
1924) • 

AuitrWe: 36 v England (Edgbaaton. 1902) 
Mk «2 w Entfana (Lord's. 197« 
England: 5 v Australia (Sydney. 1886-87) 
wSetMna: 53 v Pwostar ( faron e nrt . 

MMn 62 • Australia (Perth. 1961-82) ■ 

man — one beautiful day does 
not make a summer." 

It took Pakistan another 25 
minutes and 31 balls to com- 
plete their crushing victory. 
Marshall and Patterson, resum- 
ing at 43 for nine, made five 
further scoring strokes before 
Marshall gave a return catch to 
Abdul Qadir, who finished with 
a fantastic analysis that read: 
9.3-1-16-6. West Indies were all 
out for 53 in 127 minutes, then- 
lowest total in Tests and the 
lowest by anyone in Pakistan. 

Richards paid a generous 
tribute to Qadir, who, he said, 
had bowled splendidly. 

Jackie Hendriks, the West 
Indies manager, concurred. “We 
did not bat well. There is no 
question we have been through 
a trauma. Now it is up lo us to 
get our act together and turn the 
tables on Pakistan in the 
remaining Tests." 

Imran Khan, the Pakistan 
captain, said his team's su c cess 
h ad brought him the most 

A J Lamb. *M w Qaums. j h WMakar. ic 
J Richards, PH Edmonds, N A Footer, GC 
Smaa and G R tMlay did not bat 


BOWUNG: May 5-1-194; Burtenstew 6- 
1-294: Penra 8-3-21-1; Mara 6 - 1 - 16 - 0 - 
Buttar 8.3-1-48-0. 

Umpires: T Crater and l Berry. 

Kent face 
wait on 
pace pair 

By Ivo Tennant 

Kent will not know until 
Christmas at the earliest if 
Graham DiDey ami Terry Aider- 
man, their Test fast bowlers, will 
be playing for them next year. 

Diliey, who took 44 
championship wickets last sea- 
son, has been offered a 
contract He is thought to be 
concerned at the lack of pace in 
Kent's pitches bat the comity 
said yesterday they are con- 
fident he w3l stay with them. 

Alderman, who took 98 
championship wickets despite 
fitness problems,' will contact 
Kent daring the winter from 
South Africa, where he will be 
touring with Kim Hughes's rebel 
Australian team. If be decides to 
retire or » not offered a 
contract, Kent are likely to play 
EMine Baptiste, their other 
overseas player. 

Christopher Cowdrey, who is 
to coach in Tasmania 
winter, has been reappointed 
captain of Kent for 1987. 

Sussex confirm 
Gould as 
their captain 

. Ian Gould has been confirmed 
as the new Sussex captain 
following a meeting of the Ml 
c ommi tt e e on Tuesday night 
GonUL, who spent five years 
with Middlesex before joining 
Sussex in 1981, will become 
Sussex's fourteenth post-war 
captainJie took charge of the 
team ia May when John Barclay 
was forced to retire with a 
serious finger injury. 

Gould led Sussex to victory in 
the NatWest Trophy final 
■ phut Lancashire at Lord's in 

Getty’s cash offer 

The American multi-million' 
aire, John Paul Getty, has 
offered Gloucestershire £10.000 
in response to an appeal for help 
with the cost of a new cricket 

school at the county ground in 

fail of wickets: 14. 2 - 18 . 3-19, 4-19. Bristol Getty has already given 
540. 643. 7-38, 642. 9-43. 10-53. £2 million to Lord’s and £10,000 

to KcnL Perry said it would cost 
around £100.000 to replace the 
existing school 

satisfying moment of his cricket 
career. “West Indies at the 
moment are easily the best side I 
have played against. They are 
such a professional organization 
and to have beaten them is 
marvellous. It has given us a 

Imran said Qadir*s bowling in 
the second innings confirmed 
that on occasions be “was a 
and in a class of his own 
as a leg-spinner. As soon as he 
gets a wicket, he gets his tail up 
and gets better and better." 

Imran also praised Wasim 
Akram, who was made man of 
the match for his six first 
innings wickets and his 66 on 
Tuesday. “He is a complete 
'natural’ and is obviously going 
to serve Pakistan very well in 
the years ahead." 

West Indies play a three-day 
match against the Puqjab 
Governor’s XI in Sahrwal start- 
mg tomorrow, when they will 
have the opportunity to rebuild 
their confidence. After this four 
one-day internationals and two 
Test matches complete the tour. 

For Richards the next three 
weeks, though, will provide him 
with the most difficult time he 
has had since inheriting the. 
captaincy from OiveUoyd. 

Complacency did not have a 
hand in their defeat. This West 
Indies side practises harder and 
longer — including rest days — 
than any other team I have seen 
on tours. What undid them was 
old fashioned leg spin, some- 
thing against which their present 
crop of players have tittle regu- 
lar experience. 

Jmran Khan 61; A H Gray 
(Vtesbn Akram 66, Sam 

WEST NME8: First tarings 248 (R B 
Rtanrdson 54: Wasim Akram 6 tor 91). 
Second taiings 

C G OreenfcJge bw b Imran 12 

PL Haynes ®*» b Jmran — — -.0 
R B Hbharason c Ramiz Ffe«a b Qadk 14 
HA Gomes bOatir — r - ? 
T V A Richards c Ramiz RsJabGetfif ■ 0 

tPJ Dteon tan 6 tewan 0 

R A Harper c sub b Qadir -. 2 

• - - 10 

— 5 

— 0 
— 6 


MO Marshal c and bQadr 
A H Gray b Ol d -' 

C A VVafeh I 

ib Imran. 

B P Patterson not out 

Extras (tb 2) 


BOWUNG: Imran Khan 13-630-4; Wtafcn 
Akram 34-54; Abdul Qadk 93-1-164. 
Umpires: Khtear Hayat and Mian 
Mohammad Astam. 

Britain clutching at straws 

At ' first there was an 
overwhelming and depressing 
sense of dtja vu, of having 
suffered again from one of those 
nightmares that keep coming 
back. Yet there were straws to 
dutch at, even though there 
were shoulders shrugged in 
resignation, the practised 
stiffening of the upper lip. the 
feeling that we had seen it ati 
before and that nothing had 
really changed. 

Stunned into action as Britain 
fought back to 10-16. Australia 
went into overdrive and 
thrashed ns 38-16. The roar in 
50,000 throats was stilled, u> be 
replaced by generous applaiae 
for the rugby wizards m toe 
green and gold. . . . 

However, to repeat, the clutch 
of all straws are there, flimsy but 
real The fact that there is an 
ever-growing audience hungry 
for the best in Rugby L* 3 #** 
was demonstrated by the crowds 
streaming into Okl Tra flora as 
the rain lashed down. As Martin 
Edwards, the Manchester 
United chief executive, Mid: If 
the weather had been fine, we 
would probably have had to 
dose the gates.' 


Keith Mackfn 

The bedlam of noise set up by 
the crowd when Joe Lydon went 
70 yards to score must have 
been beard for miles. Even in 
the press box, where journalists 
are taught to remain objective 
and detached, veterans of many 
campaigns with notebook and 
pen stood up and thumped the 
desk in glee. 

We got carried away for a 
moment as the impossible sud- 
denly came within reach, al- 
though the joy lasted merely two 
minutes. Henderson Gill 
muffed the kick-off, Lewis sent 
Miles over and the bubble burst 
while still m embryo. 

However, the fact remains 
that Great Britain scored three 
good tries in this first Whitbread 
Trophy international two more 

than they scored in that pathetic 

string of perfbrmaiu^s a^inst 
ihe Kangaroos ra 1982. In doing 
so they proved that the Austra- 

lian defence is not impregnable 
and can be beaten by fast 
running, crisp ha n d lin g and 
good backing up, the basics of | 
Rugby League in which Austra- \ 
lians excel. 

Let us recall too, that more 
than half the Australian points 
came from moves which 
stemmed from British mis- 
handling. bad locking and loose 
tackling and cover. 

Maurice Baxnford, the Great 
Britain coach, obviously be- 
lieves that his squad cannot play 
as badly again and that they will 
have learnt some painful lessons 
in time for the second inter- 
national at EBand Road on 
Saturday week. Well we have 
been learning these lessons since 
1978 and the Australians still 
keep ticking us. 

Still if the brave Bamfbrd can 
keep faith with his players, let us 
keep faith with him. Perhaps 
Britain will bold on to their 
passes, move the trail quicker, 
find the gaps, kick accurately 
and above all make their tackles 
count. If all this tames to pass, 
watch out for low flying pigs 
above Elland Road. 


game,’ it may prove the spar 
that Gower needs to bat with 
greater discipline than in Bris- 
bane when the tourists move 
to Penh next week. French 
and DeFreitas are the other 
two omitted. 

Gaiting said that Botham 
would be recovered from a 
fool injury and wanted to 


J Mttcftafl c RtaterdB b Dttey 

PPHsrfiokic Lamb b Foster 

C JFUcfiards c Wfirtator b Foster 

GCMaOdancLamOO Gating 

-R CJ om ston «t Richards b Edmonds 
B J Stenpaon c Rtenards b Foster __ 

R A L Mmo Whitaker b Edmonds . 

T R Butter not out 

C A Pams 6 Foster b D«ay 
D F Burtansttew b Small , 

A T May not out 
Extras (D 5) 

Toni (9 «Ms. SOowrs). 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-10. 2-16. 3-40. 4- 
95. 696. 849. 7-130, 8-130, 9-130. 

BOWLING: G Ofltoy 10-3-124; N F 

10-2-22-3; B Small 10-0-42-1; M Gattatt 
104-16-1; P Edmonds 104-34-2. 


BC Bread c Madden b Prana 

WN Stack not out 
C WJ Athay notout 
Extras (bl.lbl). 






f ■ f 


Showing the flag: Annabel Croft (left) and Virginia Wade all set (Photograph: Peter Uewellyn) 

Wightman Cup newcomers 
facing a war of nerves 

Second international a near sell-out 

With 10.000 seats 
sold, the second intenraui 
between Great Britain ana 
■Australia at Bland Rwd on 

Saturday week seems likely to be 

a seQ-otn with a maximum 
crowd of 39,000. At this stage m 
the nm-up to the first inter- 
national at Old Traftbrd. 15,000 
oats had been sold, a«l t« 
final attendance was 50,000 
(Kehh'Maddin writes). 

One player who might have 
been pitying for Great Bn tai n 
had he been available and fit is 
Des Drummond, the Leigh 
i However, Drummond 
involved in a bitter pay 
with the dub, and 
to play for them or turn 

up for training. Yestwday he 
appealed to the. Leagues 
management committee for a. 
reduction in his transfer fe^of 
£100000 and the committee 
deferred judgment ^ mem- 
bers consider depositions from 
the dub and the player. Imghs 
position is that the ciub will not 

reduce the £ 100,000 f« but “are 
prepared to negotiate. 

The champions challenge 

match between, Halifax Md the 

?o blfpostponec? once again! The a tol of concern' to" the GreaT 
SinchSSue has refused per- Britain coach, Maunce 

Stesion forLe Pomct to post- Bam ford. 

pone their scheduled Sunday 
game with Avignon. 

Eric Hughes, the former 
Widnes and Great Britain 
player, who came out of retire- 
ment fast season to play for St 
Helens, may emerge for a sec- 
ond time fbllowingan approach 
from the second division, club 
Rochdale Hornets. 

The suspect knee of Ellery 
Hanley, the Great Britain back, 
was put under a further test last 
night- when Hanley was chosen 
hv Wigan to play against 
ileford. The injury is causing 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

For three days, the Anglo- 
American women's tennis set 
have something more interest- 
ing to worry about than the 
treadmill of the international 
circuit and the computer's insa- 
tiable appetite for rankings data. 

This evening, the Wightman 
Cup contest between Great 
Britain and the United States 
returns to London's Royal Al- 
beit Hall the event carrying 
£165,000 of sponsorship from 
Nabisco. Play starts at 7. IS 
today and tomorrow and at 1J0 
on Saturday. 

What may reasonably be de- 
scribed as a United Stales 
reserve team (better players 
wens invited, but could not — or 
would not — play) should be 
good enough to win. perhaps 5- 
2. But it is in Britain's favour 
that three of the Americans are 
newcomers to the contest and all 
are newcomers to the inimitable 
character of the Albert HaU, 
which tends to inspire Britain 
and intimidate Americans, 
Opened in 1871, when it was 
described as the noblest building 
erected in Europe since the 
Colosseum, the Albert HaU has 
become renowned for the inti- 
macy of its cliff-like tiers and its • 
scenes of patriotic fervour. AU 
that contrasts with the other end 
of this annual event — in 
Williamsburg, Virginia — where 
Britain managed to win only 
one set last year. 

Settled In 1632, Williamsburg 
is famous for its colonial build- 
ings and its proximity to York- 
town, where the War of 
Indpendence ended in 1781, 
when British forces surrendered 
to those of the American rebels 
and their French allies. 

Since the Wightman Cup 
foand settled homes at the 
Albert Hall in 1978 and 
Williamsburg in 1983, it has 
acquired special patriotic over- 

tones at both venues, with the 
event a throwback to the days of 
amateurism and shamaieurisnx 
Its traditional and social bonds 
have usually been - of wider 
importance than its competitive 
validity, but the players find it 
an intense strain on the nerves. 

The scries has become so one- 
sided, its competitive nature as 
a team event so suspect, that 
Americans are often puzzled by 
the fact that Britain become so 
worked up about it. 

In recent years, the US team's 
composition has tended to be 
somewhat fortuitous, lamely a 
question of who is available and 
who is interested. On the other 
hand, no American player wants 
to be lumbered with the 
embarrassment of going down 
in history as being even partly 
responsible for a Wightman Cup 

Last July, the US won the 
world team championship with 
Martina Navratilova, Chris 
Lloyd, Pam Shriver and Zina 
Garrison, but the players they 
have mustered at the Albert Hall 
— Kathy Rinaldi Bonnie 
Gadusek, Stephanie Rehe, Anne 
White and Elise Burgin — give 
Britain more of a chance this 

All these, mind, are more 
highly ranked than every British 
player except Jo Durie — and 
even Miss Durie ranks below 
the three American singles 

Both i«uns had difficulty in 
selecting a player to fill the 
vacant fifth position. Britain 
chose Virginia Wade, aged 41, 
white the US called on Miss 
Rehe, aged 16, who was bom a 
year after Miss Wade won the 
US championship. Miss Wade 
has played in every Wightman 
Qip contest since 1965 but wifl 
not compete this tune unless 
called on as a substitute. 

With the reservation that Sara 
Gomer is a newcomer to the 
event. Britain have advantages 
in their greater experience of 
international team competition, 
their familiarity with the Albert 
Hall and the exciting support of 
what lends to be an un- 
ashamedly pro-British crowd. 

To some extent, all that may 
offset the fact that the Ameri- 
cans have more consistently- 
i repressive records as match- 
players. Much depends on the 
way all the newcomers react to 
the occasion. 

There must also be question 
marks against Miss Gomer, who 
has been out of action for almost 
three weeks because of 
troublesome thigh re usd e. and 
Miss Rinaldi who has been 
pestered by an ailing shoulder 
and has not competed since 
early September. 

The United Stales lead 47-10 
and, in the last seven contests, 
they have won 43 matches and 
lost only six. But the recent 
supremacy of the US does not 
match that exercised in their 
unbroken run of success from 
1931 to 1957. 

Their dominance was particu- 
larly evident from 1 946 to 1957, 
when the US won 77 matches 
compared with Britain's six (one 
match, at Wimbledon in 1954, 
was not played because of bad 

That was the era of Margaret 
Osborne DuPont, Louise 
Brough, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry 
and Maureen Connolly — the 
era in which it was still fashion- 
able for the US to field a full- 
strength team. 

ORDER' OF PLA'* Today <7.151 Sm 
Gomer v Katey Rinaldi: AnnaMi Croft v 
Stephanie Rene. Tomorrow (7.15) Jo 
Dura v Bomia Gadumk; Mm Croft arm 
Mss Gomer v Mss Gadusek and Miss 
RteaML Sated* (tMf Miss Gomer jr 
Mss Gadusek; Mss Durie v Mm Rmaldfc 
Miss Dufe and Aura Hobbs v Ekse Burgin 
and Anna White. 

Nightmare for Dowdeswell 

Colin DowdesweU, foe only 
British player who bothered to 
make the quick trip to the Paris 
Open, where prize money, ATP 
points and La Vie Paristenne 
were in plentiful supply, could 
be excused for thinking his 6m- 
round doubles match was just a 
bad dream. 

He could have dreamt that he 
was partnering a nervous Italian 
with a haunted look in his eyes, 
called Paolo Cane, whom he 
hardly knew. He could have 
dreamt, how they started to play 
this phanlom-like form of tennis 
in the dark, half-deserted spaces 
of a cavernous sta d i um in the 
wee small hours of the morning. 

He could have heard the 
familiar rantings of John 
McEnroe and detected the furi- 
ous scowls of Pater Fleming at 
the far end of the court. He 
could even have heard the 

From Richard Evans, Paris 

interne: “First set, Dowdeswell 
and Cane, 7-6." 

At that stage, Dowdeswell 
should have woken up because 
the dream did not get any better. 

The facts of the matter were 
that DowdesweU did, indeed, 
play doubles with Cane, a new 
partner. The match started at a 
quarter to midnight when, 
amazingly, there were stifl abpui 
5.000 people at the Omnisport 

A fair number stayed, too, as 
the unlikely Anglo- 1 tali an 
combination showed signs of 
testing the Americans' late-night 
reflexes. But the arena, which 
holds 15.000 when full was 
beginning to fed very empty by 
the time McEnroe, who had 
swaggered in with arms upraised 
to acknowledge the applause of 
the faithful and. Fleming. took 
control of the last two sets to win 

disembodied voice of an umpire _ them 6-2, 6-2. 

Prize duel for the crown 

Antwerp (Reuter) — Ivan 
Lendl who won a diamond- 
encrusted gold racket for bis 
third victory in the European 
Community Championship 
tournament fast year, has been 
named top seed u next week’s 
event. John McEnroe, whom 
Lendl beat in fast year's final, is 
in the opposite ban of the draw. 

Yannick Noah, of France, is 
seeded to meet Lendl in the final 
and M Do slav Mecir, of Czecho- 
slovakia, beaten in the final of 
the US Open by Lendl is seeded 

If be survives until the quar- 
ter-final stage. McEnroe, a for- 
mer winner of what has become 
the world's richest tournament, 
is likely to meet another Ameri- 
can, Brad Gilbert, wbo has 

obtained recent tournament 
wins in Vienna and Tel Aviv. 

The winner could meet either 
Noah or the seventh seed, 
Emilio Sanchez, of Spain, for a 
place in the final. If the 
organizers' seedings work out as 
expected, Lendl would meet the 
eighth seed, Thierry Tulasne, of 
France, in the Quarter- finals. 

None of the top Swedish 
players is competing in the 
tournament, formerly known as 
the European Champions' 
Championship. They have 
opted to play in a tournament in 
Stockholm next week. 

Prize money of about 
£670,000 is on offer and Ant- 
werp diamond merchants have 
put up another diamond-stud- 
ded gold racket worth £715,000 
fora three-times winner. 

A year ago. McEnroe played 
the first tennis ever staged at this 
imposing new stadium — when 
be lost a couple of exhibition 
matches against Yannick Noah 
and Stefan Ed berg. 

He returned this time with a 
family entourage that inducted 
his wne, Tatum, and his parents, 
all of whom managed to keep 
their eyes open until the doubles 
eventually ended at 1.45 a m . 
Naturally, McEnroe’s temper 
was not at its most docile at that 
hour, and he received a warm 
for railing a lineswoman snip 

It all might have seemed like a 
nightmare for poor DowdesweU. 
But, for McEnroe it was all pan 
of a night's work. 

FIRST ROUKD: T Mayotte (US) W S 
ZtatfntMC (Yug). 6-3. 6-7. ik E 
Sanctaz (Spj WL Ptawk <C2), 7-6, 5-7. 6- 
4; K NovacakJCz) IX T wAason (US). 6-1. 
5-7. 6-4^ T BenraUtes (Fr) M MMecir 
(Cz), 24. 7-5. 6-1: Y Note: (FrJ bt J 
Gunnssson (Sm) 6-4, 34, 6-3. 

Gomez victory 
is unpopular 

Hong Kong - Andres Gomez, 
of Ecuador, the defending cham- 
pion in the $200,000 Hong 
Kong grand prix, struggled 
through an ill-tempered first 
round battle against Todd 
Witsken, of the United States, 6- 
3, 4-6, 6-4 yesterday. 

Gomez was warned twice for 
court abuse during the two and a 
half hour match and drew boos 
and catcalls from the crowd. But 
it was the lively play of Wiksten, 
aged 22 which caused most of 
his problems. 

Afterwards Gomez, the sec- 
ond seed, told reporters: “Al- 
though I have won the 
tournament two years running 
the crowd do not seem to like 


Czech competitor 
is cleared of 
cheating charges 

By Barry PkkthaU 

Richard Konkolski. the 
Czechoslovak defector, compet- 
ing in his second single-handed 
round the world yacht race, was 
cleared late on Tuesday night of 
charges that he used the engine 
aboard his yacht Declaration of 
Independence to propel her 
during periods of calm on the 
first leg of the BOC Challenge 
from Newport Rhode Island to 
Cape Town. 

Fellow competitors, Hal Roth 
and Jean Luc Van Den Hcede, 
accused Konkolski of using his 
engine to propel him more than 
80 miles through the doldrums 
stretching across the Atlantic 
just north of the Equator, while 
Others were covering as little as 
12 miles a day during the same 

However, the protest commit- 
tee which included a South 
African high conn judge, con- 
cluded after a three hour hearing 
in Cape Town on Tuesday night 
that they were "unconvinced 
that the only reasonable in- 
ference u> be drawn from the 
evidence was that the protesiee 
used his engine to propel ihe 

Ail yachts competing in this 
27.000 mile solo marathon are 
equipped with engines to main- 
tain batteries to provide a power 
source for auto pilots, in- 
strumentation and radios, but 
only seven of the original 2S 
competitors, including 
Konkolski have these linked to 
propeller shafts. 

This is a sport that relies more 
than most on honesty, but as a 
safeguard against improper use 

of engines during a lull. Ameri- 
can scrutineers placed a wire 
seal around the gear linkages, 
locking them in neutraL Un- 
fortunately, when race officials 
inspected the wire and lead seal 
fined aboard Declaration of 
Independence when Konkolski 
arrived third in class at Cape 
Town, they found that it would 
have been simple enough for the 
Czech to remove the seal intact 
merely by disconnecting the 
gear linkage. 

This serious oversight on the 
pan of the BOC committee had 
led to a call from Phillipc 
Jeaniot, the French competitor, 
for the removal of all propellers 
on the three remaining stages of 
this race. 

“Unfortunately, that is not a 
foolproof answer either." Robin 
Knox-Job nston, the BOC race 
chairman, who won the 1969 
Sunday Times solo round the 
world race said yesterday. "If 
anyone really wanted to cheat, 
they could fit a second propeller 
at sea within IS minutes. What 
we have got to do is to fit a wire 
seal around the prop shaft 
couplings which cannot be taken 
apart which will break if anyone 
sets their engine into gear. Then 
if a competitor arrives in port 
with his seal broken, it will be tip 
to him to explain why.” 

While most competitors are 
happy to race around the world 
without the back-up of motive 
power, some. Konkolski in- 
cluded, view their engines as a 
means of avoiding trouble 
should on emergency arise. 


Mets’ success has limited appeal 

New York (AP) - Winning 
the World Series will mean a 
plateful of banquet Invitations 
for the players of the New York 
Mets and a chance for some to 
appear In commercials. But 
advertising execathes know the 
emotion attached to the present 
heroes will soon fade, and they 
expect only a few, wetl-estah- 
Itehed, players to convert their 
prime- tone television exposure 
into lucrative, long-term, na- 
tional advertising assignments. 

The Mets and the Boston Bed 
Sox slogged it out in seven, 
nationally-televised, contests 
over the past two weeks, ending 
with New York’s 8-5 victory In 
dm deciding game on Monday 
night. On Tuesday, a crowd 
estimated by police at more than 

two mfllhm, turned oat for a 
ticker-tape parade to honour the 
city's new heroes. 

“In terms of personal appear- 
ances, this skyrockets it," said 
Marty Blackman, the president 
of Blackman and Raber Ltd, a 
New York-based consulting firm 
which advises advertising agen- 
cies on ose of sports cetebrioes. 

Players who have been getting 
between $300 and $JUOOO for an 
appearance may now be aUe to 
j-rttamaad fees of between $750 
and £1500, he said. But he 
added that only a few players 
will find national television 
commercial offers coming their 

Blackman cites Gary Carter, 
the Mets’ catcher, as “the safest 
bet” to win a national commer- 

cial contract, not only beeanse of 
a solid World Senes perfor- 
mance bot because of his record 
of baseball accomplishments, 
popularity in the ballot for the 
nnnifl nn-efar match, and civic 

Carter has already appeared 
in commercials for soap, cam- 
eras, a bank and a newspaper. 
Stephen Levitt, the president of 
Marketing Evalnations-TVQ 
Inc, which me as ur es consumer 
attitudes towards celebrities, 
said that the third baseman, Ray 
Knight, may be the Mets' player 
who win benefit the most from 
his World Series exposure. 

Knight's marriage to the 
golfer, Nancy Lopez, makes the 
ample as attractive combfamtiou 
for an advertiser. 

Taskforce of the 
high-tech seas 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

^ Adjacent 
W / . the twin steering 
r J wheels on each 
Kookaburra 12- 
metre is a fiat, 
worktop. It looks like the latest 
Milan coffee-table. What it 
really contains Is a powerful 
MicroVax computer. 

The “table-top" is a revolving 
screen that can swivel to face the 
helmsman. During pre-start 
manoeuvres it constantly tells 
the skipper how tong h would 
take him to get to the line. On a 
long beat into the “Fremantle 
doctor" a window in the sc re en 
shows a “wind field plot” of the 
entire coarse. 

Shifts in the breeze show np 
as spikes on the wavy lines at the 
baste sea breeze characteristics. 
Of coarse, one stifl has to pay 
attention to Colio Beasbei 
potting a tack on top of yon five 
metres away. 

The computing technology is 
formidable- But it also took 
three design attempts to con- 
struct a VDU housing that was 
functional and waterproof. Both 
projects were achieved in-house 
by Taskforce. 

Looking at the aefaieveatent of 
the Kookaburras in overshadow- 
ng the Bead syndicate in the 
first Defender series, one most 
assess the syndicate as a whole, 
lam M array and Peter G Amour 
are brilliant sailors — bat so are 
Cohn Beashd and Gordon L»- 
cas, skippers with the Bond 

Originally, Kevin Parry's 
budget for toe Kookaburra 
project was S4£ million and one 
jacIL Now he has three 12s and 
looks like spending in excess of 
$20 million. 

M array realized how much 
computing had done for Bond in 
1983. He wanted toe best data 
processing on board that money 
coaid boy. 

Chris Todter is an American 
co m p uting specialist wbo has 

been sailing since be was three 
years old. Now 36. be knew 
Murray 10 years ago ia Sydney 
and worked with him on the 
Advance campaign at Newport 
in 1983. When Todter talks the 
Pentagon pricks op its tan. 
Daring his 20s he worked on 
missile guidance programmes 
that were so advanced many of 
them are even bow still in the 
development stage. “As it be- 
came more military I didn't want 
to stay involved with it," Todter 

Being in Newport with a low 
budget and a slow boat. Ad- 
vance, was not that exciting. But 
be watched what Bond was 
doing. “Australia 11 showed tin 
viability of a very large data- 
logging programme," Todter be- 
lieves. “Bat their analysis tools 
were very erode." 

As time goes by it may be that 
Murray's skill to pfsMieg the 
key men to surround him in toe 
programme begins to over- 
shadow the skipper^ prowess on 
the water. 

But in many ways it is the 
bigger achievement. Helmsmen 
do not get to be an America’s 
Cop skipper without a dash of 
ego. Yet Murray was keen to 
faring to an Englishman, Lawrie 
Smith, a hired gnn rated Che best 
in the world, earlier this year to 
race against himself. 

Straight off a 20-honr flight, 
staffed with jet-lag. Smith beat 
him six races out of six. Mmray 
was d el igh ted . He was learning. 
Smith earned twice as much as 
Murray — so what! Big Iain from 
Sydney was convinced he was 
patting together the ultimate 12- 
metre syndicate. 

The enp world did not always 
look at Kookaburra with respect 
When Taskforce took Kooka I to 
Sydney to be beaten by the old 
Australia I things looked black. 
Since then a formidable bat 
dose-knit team have come nauti- 
cal miles and look Eke going 


Briars is 
ready for 
the world 

By Colin McQmllaii 

Gawain Briars, the former 
national champion, revealed 
bow well prepared be is for next 
week's World Open Champion- 
ship in Toulouse when he wore 
down the Australian, Chris 
Dittmar, over five sets in an 
American Express Premier 
League match on Tuesday. Bri- 
ars was playing for Home Ales 
Nottingham; Dittmar had taken 
over as first-string for the Wake- 
field side, Visco Monroe. 

Briars has trained quietly at 
Nottingham with the World 
Open and the subsequent na- 
tional championships in mind. 
In two of the games, be was 
behind 2-9 and 4-9 before 
reaching into his reserves of 
strength and stamina, display- 
ing a range of patient retrieval 
that was bound eventually to 
sap the confidence of a man 
returning from a serious injury. 

Energy-sapping rallies, inch- 
perfect drop shots and immacu- 
late power driving took the 
match fate into the night. At 10 
pm the fixture stood precisely 
balanced, two matches all and 
two games all but Briars was 

A buret ball al 4-4 in the fifth 
game provided a much needed 
respite for Dittmar — who, not 
so long ago, was the only serious 
rival to Jahangir Kjhan — and 
might have ted to a win for the 
home side bad Briars not re- 
verted to hard rallying. 

The tall Englishman, aged 28 
and ranked sixth in the world, 
looked in need of speed work? 
sometimes being painfully slow 

LEAGUE: vtsw Monroe 2, Home Alas 
Noiringnam 3; Araiwgh Hall 0. 
Pounduraerar Dumngs MH 5: Chap*! 
Altorton 3, Halls West Country Z' »ten- 
erastei Nortnsm 5. Anew Vlltaaa 0: Sknl 
Lacesw 3. insrftey-Cannora 
POSITIONS: 1. PoundsireMier DuHtettS 
MrtL 28pts, a Swl Unaater. 34: 3. 
Manchester Northern, 20: 4. JntefCity- 
Cennora. 18; S. CWPtN Ate rton, 1 S: B. 
Hals west country, 13: 7. Home Ate 

-am. 13; 8, vtseo Monroe, 5: 9. 

HaS. 4; 10, Arrow VDtege, 0. 





By Richard Eaton 

England travelled to Oldham 
for their second match against 
China yesterday knowing that, 
but for a bit of luck and two 
narrowly missed match points 
in a thrilling climax to the 
opening match at Portsmouth 
on Tuesday, they would by now 
have an excellent chance of 
winning the three- match series. 

They have never done that 
before and only twice ever won 
matches against China, who this 
time recorded a 3-2 victory. 

The final men's doubles at the 
Mounibatten Centre was one of 
the most frenetic ever seen, with 
England's Martin Dew and 
Dipak Tailor saving two match 
points against Li Jiao and Jin 
Chen, then having two of their 
own, before losing 15-10, 7-15, 

The full-throated participa- 
tion of the 1.200 spectators 
added to the sense of urgency 
that the contest had generated 
from the Stan. 

Helen Troke, the European 
and Commonwealth champion, 
foiuhl every inch of the way up 
to 7-7 in the second game of an 
11-5, 11-7 defeat to Yao Fen. 
Miss Fen Yao bad beaten her in 
only 12 minutes last week. 

Then there was a good win for 
the interesting new partnership 
of Dew and Gillian Gowers in 
the mixed doubles. 

Glen Milton, playing only bis 
sixth match for England as a fate 
substitute for Darren Hall, the 
national champion, who was 
unwell also looked impressive 
in his 17-16, 15-2 triumph over 
Liu Qinhua. 

RESULTS (England names firett Men’s 

2 . itamnHi tenfriM : K TnAa lost to Yao 
Fan. 5-11. 7-11 .rate's doubles: «Bn Chen 
and Li Jlan bt M Daw and D Tolar 15-10. 
7-15. 17-16. Women’* dauMwc G Clark 
and G Gowers lost to Yao Fen and Lai 
Caiqn. 11-15. 4-15. Mud dwtete: M 
Daw and G Gowere bt He Ylravw and 
vena Xinolang. 7-15. 15-9. 154. 

3. England 2. 

TUc -m^rre Tiitro « wa vrr^ri'Viu.jil 

Oil UXK 





Kent put up a 

take honours 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Middlesex 28 

Kent to 

Middlesex virtually ensured 
a place at the top of group A in 
the London division of the 
county championship, spon- 
sored by Thom EMI. at the 
Sloop Memorial Ground yes- 
terday. a purple patch in the 
middle of the second half 
brought them victory over 
Kent by three goals, a try and 
two penalty goals to a goal and 
a try. 

The tone of an error-strewn 
game was sex early on. Barely 
lour minutes bad elapsed 
when Fletcher fed Ebsworth 
for a clearing kick behind a 
iineoul. only for the full back's 
effort to rebound off the 
charging Del Rutter, who went 
on id score. The conversion 
was signalled by the touch 
judges but over-ruled by the 

For a long time it seemed 
there would be no other score 
before the interval. Middlesex 
established a slight lineout 
advantage, mainly through 
O'Leary, but the Kent de- 
fence. though scrambling at 
times, managed to soak it all 
up. Dent, who scored two tries 
in the last Middlesex outing, 
was launched into space once 
and beat two defenders with 
some ease but lacked support 
on the outside five metres 
from the line 

His run established a useful 
pressure point from which 
Jackson drove to the comer 
and flipped an inside pass to 
Cullen but the Middlesex 
captain had put a foot in 
louch.Nevertheless. Middle- 

sex turned round to receive vaughan (BiacHneamj, a nnrsey 
the benefit of the wind only (aa«*hea»i). r uingtiome (Harfews) 
one point down, after M 9BnB » (Ha,1#q “ ,n * n 
Ebswonhfwith the first such 



Referee: J CouJscnfNorrtimnberland). 

France unchanged 

Toulouse (.AFP) — France will 
retain the side which won 20-3 
in Romania last weekend for the 
fits! rugby union Test against 
the New Zealand All Blacks here 
on Saturday week. 

The team was named on 
Wednesday and with the selec- 
tors showing faith in the Bu- 
charest 15. it means tour players 
- Herve Chabowski. the prop. 
Alain Carminati, the number 
eight, and Philippe Berot and 
Marc Andrieu. the wingers — 
make their home international 

Berot, aged 21. made a 
successful first appearance on 
Saturday, scoring 12 points. He 
converted his own uy and also 
kicked two penalties as the 
French recorded their first win 
after successive Test defeats in 
Australia and New Zealand in 

Carminati. aged 20. doing his 
militarv service, an unknown at 

the start of the year, retains his 
place ahead of the vastly experi- 
enced Jean-Luc Joinel after an 
outstanding debut. 

Back in the fold, on the 
replacements bench, is Philippe 
Dimrans. the former skipper 
and hooker, who missed the 
whole of last season's Five 
Nations Championship because 
of a slipped disc. 


AS cNvktends sutijed to resemtiny. 

Al matches tor Oct 25ft 



£ 268.472 



£ 261.189 

HE CHANCE -Max 2-i Pis -No Client wnh 2-* Pis 


=TS. - £255.688-35 * 

'2 PTS . . - £6,339-40 
*TS £2,198-80 

PTS £500-75 

rs £78-85 

2 PTS £26-95 

4 DRAWS £8-10 

10 HOMES £7-70 

4 AWAYS £84-30 



Above dwidmls to Mils of lflp 
Expenses and Commission 
11th October 1986— 30- H'jb 











Possible points 24. _ 

No client with 24 points 
23 pts £126.061-50 



21 pts 

Treble Chance Dividends lo Units ol 

10 HOMES £7-55 

[Nothing Barred) 

5 AWAYS £44-50 

(Paid on 4 cor reel) (Naming Barredl 

4 DRAWS £11-65 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends loUnits ol l£>p. 

ExDf~nMS and Commission (or lllh 
October 1986-18 3% 

.. ... .. 

attempt of the match) kicked a 
38-metre penalty after 
Langhome fell offside. 

There remained time for 
Kent to score a gem ofa try be- 
fore the greater experience of 
Middlesex began to tell.Field 
made the cleanest of breaks 
and kicked ahead, the bounce 
falling perfectly for Thresher 
who scored. 


At that stage Middlesex 
decided ihey had had enough. 
Their midfield began to asert 
ihemselves though it look the 
forwards to seize ihe lead after 
Ebswonh's second penally. 
Jackson supported Rigby fora 
try ai the posts and ihen 
Fletcher took advantage of a 
Kern defence caught at sixes 
and sevens. 

The third tiy in the space of 
eight minutes was possibly the 
best: Smith sped through a 
clutch of forwards, found 
Moss and kept going to take 
the return pass for a score 
which Ebsworth 

improved-Thresher and Che- 
val brought inspiration io 
Kent, who were desperately 
close to running in a try from 
their own line but the final 
touch eluded them and Jack- 
son closed the match with his 
second try. 

Riding high: Cheval, of Kent, reigning in a lineout yesterday (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn) 

Mankee back for Cornwall 

SCORERS: HUddtesoc Tries: Jackson(2), 
Flatcner. Smun. Conversions: 
Ebswortn(3l. Pen allies: EtxsworttyZ). 
Kent Tries: D Runer. Thresher. Conver- 
sion. Reid. 

MIDDLESEX: M Ebsworth |Harlequn&); A 
Cem (Harlequins). R Lozowsfti (Wasps). C 
Smith (Hanequmsl. S OUeOy iMetropob- 
tan Polrai: M Fletcher (Harieaurts). J 
Cullen (Richmond): J Kingston (Harte- 
qums). J Orver (Harlequins). M Howey 
(Harteoums). K Moss (Wasps). C Ptoneqar 
(Wasps). 3 Dreary (Wasps). M Fb^y 
(Wasps). P Jackson (Hanequns. captain). 
KBIT: S Thresher (Hartequms): A 
0'MaBey (Lcmoon Insn). L Cofcefl 
(Qacuneatti). M Michaeta (Btackiwaft). H 
Corless iftskeansj; J Field (Askeans). J 
Greenaway (Askeans); R Sellers 
(Blacvneath. captain). D Rutter 
(Btattneatti). K Rutter (Btackheaft). 0 
Vaughan (Black neath), O Horsey 

By David Hands 

Robert Mankee, the experi- 
enced Camborne scrum half, 
has been recalled by Cornwall 
for their first Thorn EMI county 
championship game, against 
Berkshire at Newbury on 
Novembers. Mankee takes over 
from David Rule, who reverts to 
the replacements' bench after 
occupying the scrum half pos- 
ition in all of the county's 
friendly fixtures this season. 

Cornwall played their final 
warm-up game on Tuesday 
evening, when they lost 7-3 to 
the Royal Navy in the first 
county game to be staged under 
the recently-installed lights at 
the Hayle club. As ever, it was 
something of a fraternal strug- 
gle. since Cornwall frequently 
call upon naval resources in 
their championship side. 

On this occasion. Bob 
Henderson was playing for the 
Navy and kicked their penalty; 
on Saturday week, however, he 
will appear at full back in his 
first championship game for 
Cornwall. It is the same position 
as that sometimes occupied by 
Chris Alcock. who has captained 
both the Navy and the county in 
the past. But Alcock. who also 
plays at centre, has a broken 
bone in his hand and is not 

that, before the county 
championship, the Navy give 
Cornwall a free hand in selec- 
tion. The situation is reversed in 
December when the Navy are 
limbering up for the ioter- 
services championship. Corn- 
wall still take advantage of naval 
powers of leadership by award- 
ing the captaincy to Barry 
Howarth. the Plymouth Albion 
and Roval Navy flanker. 

Players from the Plymouth 
club have made themselves 
available once more for county 
duty with Devon this season. 
They decided last season to 
concentrate upon improving 
Albion's national standing, but 
there has been a change of 
attitude, even though only two 
of the club's players appear in 
Devon's final warm-up match 
this evening, against the British 
Police at Exeter. 

Plymouth have a national 
merit table C game with Metro- 
politan Police on Saturday so 
the county selectors have looked 
elsewhere today. They will 
choose the side to play Oxford- 

shire at Exeter in the county 

championship on November 
after the game against the 

burgh district side but beat an 
invitation XV raised by David 
East, the former chief constable 
of Devon and Cornwall, their 
first success since the inception 
of the fixture some six years ago. 

Devon are led this evening by 
Sean Irvine, the Brixham full 
back, and include among their 
backs Paul Lander, the for mer 
Coventry scrum half who has 
been making his way back to 
fitness via Exeter's lower sides. 
John Widdecombe, the New- 
port lock who hails from Tor- 
quay. has also been selected. 

Devon’s second champion- 
ship game, against Dorset and 
Wilts on November 1 S, has been 
moved to Bournemouth, ft was 
originally scheduled for the 
unbeaten Salisbury club's 
ground but they are stiU having 
difficulties with their reseeded 
pitch. It is producing an un- 
wanted crop of stones and has 
forced the dub to maintain las! 
season's habit of playing home, 
first-team, games on the old 
RAF ground at nearby Old 

CORNWALL (V Berkshire): R H enderson 
(PsnzwKS/NDwiyn and RN); J Bowdae 
(Camoome), S Roger* (Camborne). G 

Champion (Devon and Cornwall Pokes 
and Truro). 0 Weeks (Camoome); A 

Lescarboura (Dax). P Dei Wate r (AgenK 
H. Chabowski (Bourgwi), D Dobroca 
(Agen. capO- J-P Garnet (Louraesl. A 
lotion (Aix-les-Sare). J Condom (Bor- 

The agreement between the 
senior service and the county is 

At the same time the selectors 
will bear in mind performances 
earlier in the season when 
Devon lost to the touring Edin- 

Besee (Redruth and lourtiiorough Stu- 
dents). R Mankee (Cambom 

nan J 

M weetran (Hayto). R Kent 
(Redruth). S UgHfoot (Faunoutfi). P Stent 
(Redruth ana RN). A Cook (De»oo and 

CantwaH Rotas). B Howarth (Plymouth 
Aitaon and RN). D Mason (Launceston). 

ntz). E Champ (To ulon), L Rodriguez 
Carmmatt mwm 

(Momtarrand). A! Camrnab (Beziers). 
Replacements: P Dtatrans (Tames). P 
Ondarts (Biarritz). J-P Latent! (Racing), D 
ErbanJ (Agen). H Sen* (Graullietf. F 
Mesnel (Racing). 

• New Zealand maintained 
their unbeaten record on their 
rugby union tour of France by 
overpowering a French selection 
from Provence-Littoral 25-6 on 
Wednesday night- 

Dumitni promoted 

By Chris Than 

George Dumitru, the veteran 
lock forward, will captain his 
country against Ireland at 
Lansdownc Road on Saturday. 
Dumitru. aged 34. made an 
impressive comeback at inter- 
national level against France at 
the weekend. He has become the 
obvious choice for captaincy 
after Mircea Munteanu, the 
captain, was carried off injured 
on Saturday. Dumitni cap- 
tained his country during their 
successful lour of Wales in 1979 
and led an overseas XV against 
Wales in tbeir centenary season. 

He is by tar the most experi- 
enced forward in Lbe Romanian 
team, having won more caps 
than the whole pack put to- 
gether. However, he has moved 
from lock forward to No. 8 for 
the Irish game, a decision 
prompted by Laurcntiu 
Constantin's below-par perfor- 
mance against the French and 
his obvious lack of experience at 
No. S. 

In the front row. battered 
mercilessly by the French. Ion 
maintains the hooking berth 
vacated by Munteanu. while 
Pascu. at Light-head has replaced 
Gheorghe. his club-mate, who 

remains on the bench. At scrum 
half. Valeriu Iriroescu, the 
coach, siill hesitates between 
Seed can u whose debut was far 
from impressive and Teddy 
Coman. At full back Florea is 
replaced by Hodorca while 
Popescu's international career 
on the right wing has been cut 
short after only one cap. He was 
replaced by Marian Zafiescu, 
one of the six players in the team 
from Dinamo Bucharest 

Young Virgil Nastase, of Bu- 
charest University, plays at 
stand-off half and hopefully will 
reproduce some moments of 
magic that the name Nastase is 
usually associated with. 

The referee of the Ireland v 
Romania game is a Mr David 
Bishop who would point out 
with wry humour that he is a 
New Zealander not Welsh. Mr 
Bishop has spent a week in 

Wasps have 
to dip deep 
into reserves 

England calls and injuries 

Romania refereeing two cup 
' anal. 

games before the interoatior 
He was full of praise for the 
overall ability or the Romanian 

ROMANIA: L Hcdorca: M Zafiescu. A 
Lumgu. S Totan. M Toadac V Nastase. S 
Secaeanu- F Opns. G ion. V Pascu. I Doja. 
L Const antm. G Cargea. H Dumtras. G 
Dumitru (capi). 

leave Wasps without 10 first 
team regulars for tbeir away 
fixture against London rivals 
Saracens on Saturday. Seven 
Wasps players are involved in 
the England training weekend in 
Portugal and Huw Davies; Mark 
Rose and Steve Bates are all 
unavailable through injury. 

Bates, the scrum half, how- 
ever, is making a steady come- 
back in the lower teams and on 
Sunday he has a first team run- 
out in a match against a New 
Zealand touring team from 
Auckland. For that match 
Wasps also call up their three 
England under 1 8 internationals 
of last season - Howard Lamb, 
Paddy Young and Steve 

Julian Davies returns to the 
London Welsh front row for the 
game with Coventry at Old Deer 
Park on Saturday. He displaces 
Andy Joyce at tigjuhead prop. 

Harlequins have named Paul 
Jackson, the Middlesex captain, 
as a replacement for Mickey 
Skinner in their match against 
London Irish at Sunbury on 

Orr finds destiny beckoning 

By George Ace 




s £23.827.85 



XI trees HSlPCilM HJuP^fd - I 




W P 



iPom on 3 by 3 & » By 3 
fjoaii margin 1 

Ukw a » i a ma« «o lopun. 
anooMr Pool to 

_ ___ __ £912.70 

"'ciso^oooujckV numsers 

1 I8F16I17I22I25I28I36! 

at Twwwrti SteJTu 4MW. Mi »a a i mu or a wnw Omb 

Philip Orr, the “iron man" of 
Irish rugby, will set a world 
record of 5! appearances for his 
country as a front-row forward 
when he plays against Romania 
at Lansdowne Road on Sat- 

At present sharing the record 
with Sandy Carmichael, of Scot- 
land. Orr admits to not having 
thought a great deal about the 
record until “around my 48th 
cap.** .And when he won cap 
number 49 against France at the 
start of last season, no-one 
believed that be would not equal 
the record on the day that Barry 
McGnhean. in happier times, 
successfully defended his World 
Boxing Association feather- 
weight title against Danito 
Cabrera io Dublin. 

But the men who control the 
destinies of those who wear the 
green decided that H was time 
| for change, and Orr was re- 
9 placed against Wales by Paul 
Kennedy, the Ulster loose-bead 
prop from Loudon Irish. It was 
not a happy start to Ireland’s 
biggest Saturday of sport with 
Wales winning m the afternoon. 
bat McGnigan. after a few 
uneasy moments, finally pre- 
railed over Cabrera later that 
evening and the Irish were bach 
on song. 

When the team to meet Eng- 
land was announced, again there 
nas no Orr. Bat the English 
forwards made certain he wooM 
be back for the final match of the 
season, against Scotland, by 
shaming Hie Irish pack all o*er 
Twickenham and adding insult 
to injury by scoring two push- 
over tries. That tally might have 
been three bad not a n Iris h boot 
transgressed in a scram when 

the replacements 



may be premature to write /bus 
to his international career. 

among 1 

Saturday's match 

Orr won his first cap against 
France in 1976; tamed New 
Zealand with Ireland later that 
yean was back in New Zealand 
the following year with the 
British Lions and made one test 
appearance. He played in both 
internationals daring Ire land's 
tear to Australia in 1979, when 
the home nation were beaten in 
Brisbane and Sydney; was a 
replacement for die Lions in 
South Africa in 1980 and toured 
the Republic with Ireland in 
1981. He was in Japan with 
Ireland fast year and, while be 
harbours no thoughts of next 
year's World Cop when he iriD 
have said farewell to his 36th 
birthday, the portents are that 
the 5ft JOin, 16st 71b. Old 
Wesley prop trill be again the 
cornerstone of the Irish scrum. 

Orr Irish iron-man 

the English eight were in- 
exorably advancing in unison on 
the Irish line. Instead, they had 
to settle for a penalty try. " 

Orr's recall was a proud 
moment, -and one I will remem- 
ber for a long, long time when 
Ctaran Fitzgerald insisted I led 
the team out against Scotland.” 
The Scots spoiled the party by 
winning and. when the skipper 
put an arm around Orr's shoul- 
der as they both made their way 
to the tunnel at the end of the 
match, most of us thought it was 
the end of the road for two 
mighty men of Irish rugby. Orr 
has survived bat Fitzgerald has 
not although his inclusion 

But that is in the future and it 
is a fair bet that Orr cs not oven 
aware of the Tact that, after 
Saturday, be will be only one cap 
away from equalling Graham 
Price's world record for a prop- 
forward of 53 appearances for 
Wales and the British Lions. 

That is typical of a man who 
possesses a quiet, modest, dis- 
position, and is one of the few 
front-row fo r w a r ds who has 
spent a decade In that most 
demanding of positions in the 
scrum, yet at whom no-one can 
point a finger for unsporting 
conduct Orr has always been, 
and will forever remain, a tough, 
uncompromising opponent bet 
always a true s p orts m an oh the 
field of play and the most 
likeable of men off it. 



marked by 

From a Correspondent 

Cliff Thorb urn's return to his 
native Toronto for the BCE 
Canadian Masters ended in 
embarrassing failure yesterday . 

Thortrum, the work! No. 2 
who moved permanently from 
Canada to England during the 
summer to concentrate on the 
lucrative United Kingdom tour- 
nament circuit, picked a bad 
moment to record bis heaviest 
defeat of 1 986 as Tony Knowles 

recorded a surprisingly comfort* 
-final v» 

able 5-1 quarter-final victory. 

Thorbum must have sus- 
pected it was not his night as a 
terrible miss on the green 
banded Knowles the opening 
frame. 66-51. Thai clearly gave 
the world No 4 confidence and 
he immediately produced 
breaks of 56 and 30 to move 3-0 
in front. 

Thoiborn's highest break of 
the match — a deliberate 44 — 
did give him the fourth frame 
65-1 6 but Knowles, beginning to 
play with some of his old 
fluency, added further breaks of 
55 and 90 to seal victory and 
move into the semi-finals, 
where he will face Willie 

nESULTS: First nwt W Thome (Eng) tt 
D Taylor (N Ire), 54. Frame scores 

(Thorne toft 3Z-&7: IW* 1-104; 8&3* 
100-38: 102-40; ~ 

<«». — 109-8; 0-127; 122-10. 
Quartsr-fiael: A Knowles (Eng) M C 
Thomum (Can). 5-1. Frame scares 

(Knowles flam: 66-51: 94-24, 65-61. 16- 

65.77-40, 102-6. 


Registration puts i 
rocky boat on 
a more even keel 

-By Jim 

Rowing has been given the 
^it of raising more money from 
inside the sport to, meet am- 
bitious targets within its five- 
year plan. 

Rather than imposing, a 
significant increase m taxation 
during 1986-87, the Amateiw 
Rowing Association council 
have approved in principle a 
compulsory registration scheme 
for competitors and members of 
clubs and the replacement of the. 
present sliding scale by a. flat- 
rate subscription. If the registra- 
tion scheme is introduced the 
regatta levy will be 

liderat ‘ 

The registration scheme, 
which may be introduced next 
summer, is well overdue and 

should place the ARA on a 
financial i 

sounder financial basis. 

The benefits of the proposed 
package include regular issues of 
**a new glossy rowing journal" 
and a substantial discount on 
the British Rowing Almanack, 
which will hardly enthuse the 
rank and file. Also on offer are 
possible individual voting 

What is proposed here has not 
been spelt out. It could mean an 
annual general meeting with 
individuals having a right to 
vote. Alternatively, registered 
members of a dub could vote 
individually for their divisional 
representative on the ARA 
council. At present a dub re- 
ceives one vole for every 40 

"Tfrflpom Council .quite 

jSSP^S sssisg 



international regatias in Wesi- 
er SoSrmtcmaiional groups. 

and there is an unfi ¥ r .^ na ?S?J 

burden on individualsin a 1 sport 

development officers tp^ prtv 
mute further 

mote tunnel project 
u»aH to an increase m financial 

resources to all regions. . 

Tte proposed 

fees, which would *» effective 
from October 1, l98 J 
competitors' racing 
£16.75; junior compenlore rac- 
ing licence, £1 1-25; and £1 1-30 

ing uccncc, “7 ~~ ~ ~ 

for umpires, dub and regatta 
officials and others joining the 
membership scheme. 

Up 10 October next .year wifl 
be a transitional period witn 
affiliation subscriptions rising 
by 10 per cent while the regatta 
levy remains unchanged. 


Rush breaks the 
Oxford duck 

By Sydney Friskin 

Oxford University. 



Oxford University achieved 
their first victory in the Pizza 
Express London League at The 
Parks yesterday after resisting a 
spirited Maidenhead challenge 
towards the end. 

Oxford fielded eight of the 
side that lost 3-1 to Cambridge 
last season and. with Often, the 
Cambridge goalkeeper, joining 
them, they had nine Blues in 
their team altogether. 

Previously, Oxford had lost 4- 
2 to Reading and had drawn 2-2 
with Tulse Hill. Maidenhead 
bad lost 2-0 to Surbiton and had 
beaten London University 1-0. 

Oxford, with a lot of good 
running by Rush through the 
middle and Ukiab on the right, 
took control of the first half, 
with Maidenhead seeing little of 
the ball 

Oxford had six short cornets 
before the end of the first half 
and they scored from the third 
one in the 23rd minute. Barry's 
initial shot from the top of the 
circle was saved by Atkins, but 
Rush scored from the rebound. 

Oxford also came dose to a 
score from their fifth short 
corner after the ball had been 
deverty worked on the left to 
Vivian, whose scoop was saved 
by the goalkeeper. 

Maidenhead launched an 
eartv offensive in the second 
half but it was not long before 
Oxford woe again on the move 
and, with Ukiab being ob- 
structed near the circle, the 
University were awarded an- 
other short corner. 

After 10 minutes of upsand- 
down play, Maidenhead began 
to raise tbeir game, and they 
were unlucky in the 28th minute 
of the second half when a shot 
by Banner was turned on to a 
post by Mee, who had covered 

Oxford, having been re- 
prieved, regained the initiative 
and. in the dying minutes, they 
missed two scoring chances, die 

easier by Vivian, who swum at a 
ck-pass from Ukiah but failed 


to conned. 

Eowanfs. Oxlorrt A Christ Church); *** 
Barry (Tha Howard School & St 

Catharine's). "J hghn (King Edward’s 

BMriktgnm t MenmA 

tftyaraaon*Br a seno«4^l te |i wte d(St 
Edward's Oxford & Christ Church). *S 

Htma (NMai Unwerertyi St EdmgnaHall), 
*R tftteh Moaston GS A Chnsz Church). 
*R Rush (Cufcrti & Lincoln), S Maa 

Merchant TayTors', Hontwood 6 
VMan (King's Worcester 

Brasanose). *D 
& St Catherine'. 

(Upctewham & Trtrvro- 
IlMOENHEAO: J Atkins; A Robartson. I 
TymM. P Buggins. J Hurt. P MteFrire. H 
Cawtnope. a Sutnerund, A Banner, N 

George. G Banbury. 

*• : P J WUson (Oxford), M Heines 

George. GBanl 
UratesP J* 
pAa jjjj anhaad)- 


UTTLEWOODS a**: TWri rennet Arse- 
nal 3, Ma ncneSTBr On 1; Cambridge 
Unfed 1, fpnncn Town ft Cardiff CftyZ 
Chetaee l; Chariton Atraenc t, Owen's 


Pam Rangers 0; Coventry City 2, CMhem 
Ton 4. Sheffield Wetmes- 

Athtebc 1; EvertOT . 
day 0: Shrewsoury Town 1. Hui CHy 0. 
THIRD DMSKM! Newport County 1, 
Carfisto United 1. 

FOURTH DMSKNfc Wrexham a Akter- 
shen a 

mtK 3. ucotroao 0. 

Group Three Soviet Unon 1, Norway 0. 
droop Foot: Yugoslavia 3, Turkey 0. 
Gkagr Sic Denmark 4. FMand 1. 

FA CUP: Fourth q uNU yinH round replay: 
Slough 3. Dover 2. 

chester City 0. Sheffield United 1: 

Bret rountt Bucttnfpiarn 2. Worcester 

Bumnam and HHngoon 0. Aylesbury *; 
Dentord 2, Conrahten 2; Fofcestone 3. 
Canmrtwy 0; Gosport 2. Andover 2; 
Gravesend and N u rmfl o e t O. Chatham 0; 

Ahwcnurcn 2; Ftusnoan 1. Corby 1; 
Shappey 0. Ffenar-3; StowtukiBe 3, 
Bndgnonh 4; WBenbal 3, Bromsgnave 3; 
Wtmey 1. Gtouceaer 1. 

MOTS S8WM CUB Ffcat round: Barnet 
2, Batdock 3: Borenam wood 6. 

Berichamsted 1; Hamel Hempstead 2, 

Bishop's Saxlfcxd 5: tfitdXn 5. 
LetcfnwrSi 4, Triqg 2; St Atoane 4. 


Colchester Umsd reserves 1. Harwich 

end Fterieaston ft HawerM 0, Gortesion 0; 

Hteton 2, Chatteris 3; Lowestoft 2. Wanon 

Modtostxxwgh 1. Ijvereool 3: Simaartand 
Unaed i. Second dHslon: 

2, Mencitesisr 
Baaan 1, Braakml CHy Z Nora County 2, 
Bamsoy 0. 

4; March 1, Ehf 0; Sudbury «, Braterrea 0; 

3, Sawmaiket 1; Wtatwch 4, 



FOOTBALL C0MBMAT10N: toswteh 2. 


Wen Hero ft Ponunaan 0, 1 
MULTIPART LEAGUE: Barrow 1. More- 
cembe 3s Gamsbarough 1, Buxton Z 
Maaffisfleu 0. Hyae Z Sowhoort 2, 
1.GMACC “ ‘ 

KBIT SQMIOR CUR: Ertti and Betavedere 
0. Bronley 2. 


roanct Hampton 9, Brtmsdcwn 0: Runhp 

- - ... - -- ^ ^ 

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thrive on 

team spirit 

Tbe top 12 players on the 
American LPGA Tour meet the 
top 12 on the Japanese Tour in 
the $200,000 (about £142,000) 
Nichirei women's cup team 
match this coming weekend. 
Tbe eighth annual event will be 
contested at a new she; the par- 
72 Tsukuba Country Club. 

in the previous seven years, 
the Amencan team have col- 
lected five wins (1979. 1980, 
1982, 1983 and 1985) and two 
defeats. Last year tbe Amencan 
field, under the direction of tbeir 
captain, Pat Bradley, defeated 
Japan by a landslide score of 32 
to 16. Jan Stephenson won the 
individual strokeplay honours 
after defeating Alice Miller on 
the first hole of a sudden-death 

* Bratfley is again leading what 
coukl be the strongest-ever 
American team. She emphasizes 
that her goal is to make the 
players fed at ease with each 
other. “I will carefully pair each 
player with someone they feel 
compatible with. Because we are 
in a different country, comfort is 

4. ~ 



the key. As far as our team 

talent, I have no doubts. We will 
have a kx of tournament win- 
ners there" 

Bradley commented on the 
pride that was generated among 
the Americansduring tbe event 
“It's the most wonderful fading, 
much different from any time 
daring the year. A tremendous 
camaraderie and team spirit 

£60,000 raised 
for charity by 
Tory swingers 

By a Correspondent 

If the Church of England is 
the Conservative Party at 
prayer, then Moor Park yes- 
terday represented the faithful *■ 
and their friends at play. 

Such pillars — if only tem- 
porary — of the Toty establish- 
ment as Adam Faith, Jimmy 
Tarbuck, Mary Paridnson, Fred 
Trueman, Peter AHiss and 
Trevor Brooking joined Min- 
isters and Members of Par- 
liament in the Conservative 
Party Golf Day that, together 
with a dinner, will raise about 
£60,000 for charity. 

The beneficiaries, through tbe 
Sports Aid Trust, erf the £50,000 
raised fast year by Sir Basil 
Feldman and his team included 
Susan Shapcoa, who, at 16, won 




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• How remiss of me noi to have 
known about the link between 
Michelangelo and Star Wars. 

Him n ^J°M thlS „ week ' s ^nox 
r^T* Magicians (Chan- 
/ 8 -9 0p ™.)- gap in my 
anisiic/scienufic knowledge has 
been filled. It is a Hollywood 
technician who makes the cotineo 
non tonight His theory goes thus: 
in the ^me way that Michelangelo 
nad to depend on a ship being sent 
»o Turkey for the pigments he 
needed to paint the Sistine Chapel 
ceiling, so the movie wizards who 
create imer-galactic conflicts in 
space spectaculars have to depend 
on aids that still aren’t readily to 
hand. Thus, the technique of 
Riming in Michelangelo's time is 
the same, proportionately to soci- 

B-00 Ceefax AM. News heatffinos, 
weather, travel and sports 

6J0 Breakfast Time. Weather at 
6^5, 7^5, 7^5, (L25 and 8^5; 
regtonal news, weather and 
traffic at &57 f 7.27, 1ST and 
8i7; national and tntemational 
news at 7.00, 7.30, &OQ, 840 
and 9.00. i 

9-05 On the Throne. A 40 Minutes 
programme in which Lucinda 
Lambton tours the country's 
stately lavatories, (r) 945 
Advice Shop. Margo 
Macdonald witti amice on 
claiming soda) security. 1040 
Neighbours. A repeat of 
yesterday 's episode. • 

1045 PhiKp Schofield presents 
news of chHdren's television 
and sends birthday greetings 

10.30 Play School. (?) 1040 
Henry's Cat. (r) 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Dora Bryan's 
thought for the day. 1140 
Food and Drink, (r) 1140 Open 
Air. Viewers' comments about 
television programmes 1245 
Star M em o ri ae. Esther 
Rantzen recalls memorable 
moments 1245 Regional news 
and weather. 

1.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather. 145 Hetghboura. 
Australian-made soap set in a 
Melbourne suburb 140 Animal 
Fair, (r) 

2.00 FKncTheEhHtvePbnpenMl 
|1950) starring David Niven 
and Margaret Leighton. French 
Revolution adventure,. based 
on Baronness Orcry's novel, 
with Niven in the rote of the 
English aristocrat who daringly 
saves the Hves of his French 
counterparts, threatened by 
the sinister Citizen Chauvefin - 
(Cyril Cusack). Directed by 

’ Michael Powell and Emeric - 

340 ScragtagandMsTaa-Tfme 
Tetty 4.10 Sebastian the 
IncradHa Dmwfng Deal 
Michael Barrymore with the 
story of The Cowboy Who ■ 

• Hated Guns. 4.15 Beat the 
■ Teacher. Paul Jones presents 

All done by magic — and very straightfaced 

ety, as movie wizardry is today. I 
have an uneasy feeling there is a 
flaw in the argument somewhere, 
but in a film that has such fun in 
only half-explaining how the 
world can be terrorized by a blue 
laser beam, how cloud-touching 
monsters are in reality only 18 
inches high and how a naval battle 
can be fought out again in what 
looks like a bath tub, it seems 
churlish to question this bit of 
movieland philosophy. But the 
thought may occur to you, as it did 
to me. that if it is true what Arthur 
C Clarice says in the dosing quote 
tonight — “any sufficiently ad- 
vanced technology is indistin- 
guishable from magic'’ — then 
there really is no need for 
Hollywood's electronic wizards to 

another round of the pupils 
versus teachers quiz game 
440 Dungeons and Dragons. 

445 John Craven's Nswsroun d 
540 Bfc» Pvter, Marie Curry 
joins in the task of hunting tor 
me remains of a Shropshire 
mammoth. (Ceefax) 

545 Master te am p resented by 
Angela Rippon. 

640 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas WltchaB. Weather. 


7.00 Top of tee Pops introduced by 
Janice Long. 

740 EBatEndare.DrUggaskstfw 
health visitor to drop in on 
Pauline; Debs has a dinner 
date at Colin's: and Wtcksy 
teams some bad news 
concerning his mother from 
Sharon. (Ceefax) 

840 The Kenny Everett Television 
Show. More madcap mayhem 
from the innovatory comedian. 
Plus music from Hot Gossip. 

840 ChOdwat ch , presented by 

Esther Rantzen and Sue Cook.. 
The first of two programmes to 
be shown tonight on the 
formerly taboo subject of chBd 
abuse. This programme is 
suitable for the whole family 
but the later one, at 940 
features specific stories of 
abuse and the effect this has 
on the victims. 

940 News with Ju&a Somerville and 
John Humphrys. Regional 
news and weather. 

940 ChOdwatch continued, 

10.45 Question Time, presented by 
Sir Robin Day. The guests 
Include MPs Paul Cnannon 
and Oortagh McDonald, the 
erfitor of The Sunday Times, 
Andrew Neil, and the 
prospective Liberal MP for 
Richmond and Barnes, Alan 

1145 Rhoda. A friend who has been 
married for 12 years and has 
borne six children cones to 
Rhoda for marriage guidance. 
Starring Valerie Harper, (r) 
12.10 Weather. 


worry themselves silly when they 
find that getting a computer- 
graphic man to alter his fecial 
expression is still beyond them. 

• Whatever the title may lead you 
to believe, Michael Waldman's 
Forty Minutes film Olga Goes to 
Hollywood (BBC2, 9.30pm) has 
nothing whatever in common 
with the Equinox film of movie 
magic. Olga Serova is no film star 
(though she looks like one, and 
-would be just right in something 
by Chekhov). Nor does she really 
go to Hollywood itself if, by 
Hollywood, we mean the film city. 
She, and her taxi-driver husband 
her two children and a clever 

940 Caatax. - 

945 Daytime on Two: the final part 
of the French language 
adventure serial 942 
Economics; the right pries? 
10.15 Science - analysing 
1048 History: the 1828 
General Strike 1140 
Thinkabout 11.18 Obtaining a 

1140 The fasdnstton of motor cars 
12.12 Editing the news tor 
television 1245 Science: 
catalysis 145 A beginner’s 
French language course 148 
tncreasd mechanisation in 
farming 240 Flora and fauna 
that dwend on trees 2.15 
Music made by bells. 

245 In the Making. The art of 
George EHkitt, a studio glass- 
blower. (r) 

340 Window on the WorfcL A 
documentary tracing the 
history of television in Europe. 

. 3.45 Brief Encounters. A ’first’ wife 
talks about her experiences of 
polygamy. 345 Regional news 
and weather. 

440 Favourite Things. Roy Plomtey 
teams of Lord Tonypandy's 
pleasures, (r) 

440 The Front Garden. A 
documentary series about 
Britons’ passion for 

poodle that knows that two plus 
two equals four, live modestly in 
Los Angeles. If they had not 
become disenchanted with life in 
the Soviet Union, they would 
presumably still have been there 
watching television pictures that, 
so Olga says, told nothing but ties 
about life in the United States. 
Instead lhey now live in a city 
they do not much like. Olga misses 
Russian culture — which is not 
surprising when we are shown 
pictures of her being kissed by a 
killer whale. Husband Zhenya 
warns something spiritual. In- 
stead when be looks at America, 
all he sees is one big dollar. 

• I am still worried about the 

studio audience in Film Bnff of the 

Year (BBC2, 1 0. 1 5pm). We might 
want to hear them, but why do we 
need to see them? They are, in any 
case, a strangely lifeless loL You 
would swear they had been 
warned that, if they dared to 
betray any human emotions, they 
would be booted out of the studio. 
At least in Mastermind, the 
speciactors are pleasingly grouped 
and Magnus Magnusson does not 
turn his back on them as Robin 
Ray does. Ray is a good question- 
master. though, and the questions 
are not so difficult that they make 
the cinemarically unaddicted fed 
that there is not much point in 
their continuing to watch the 

Peter Davalle 


kife ' - 

Three of the Serovas: in Forty Minutes, on BBC2, 930pm 


'945 Thames news headlines. 

940 FOr Schools: the story of coal 
942 Spacemare, a story by 
Tony Ross 944 Why we need 
food 10.11 A fantasy story 

about kites 1028 Why plants 
are an aid to breathing 1045 
The mechanisms that make 

mechanical toys 1143 An 

Introduction to the writing of 
Betsy Byars 1140 Childrens' 
fears and fantasies about a 
lonely old tady who lives in a 
strange house 1147 
Unemployment stairs one 
member of a family to involve 
himself in politics. 

1240 Thomas tiie Tank Entene and 
Friends, (r) 12-10 Puddle 
Lane. 1240 The Suttvant. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard . 
Parkin 140 Thanes news. 

140 Falcon Croat Drama serial set 
among the vinyard-owning folk 
of California 245 Home 
Cookery Chub. RatetoUlte Pie. 

240 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a discussion on tne 

740 FBm: Linda (1973) Starring 
Stella Stevens as the wronged 
wife who manages to shoot 
dead her husband’s lover, 
managing to produce evidence 
that points to the husband 
being the kflter. Directed by 


9.00 Girls on Top. The first of a new 
series of me comedy about 
tour girls who share a flat in 
Chelsea. Starring Tracey 
UUman, Dawn French, Jennifer 
Saunders, and Ruby Wax. 


940 This Week presented by 
Jonathan Dimble&y. The 
second of a two-part report on 
the social implications of the 
spread of Aids. With Tony 
Newton, Minister for Health. 

1040 News at Ten with Sandy Gall 
and Carol Barnes. Weather 
followed by Thames news 

1040 Qutocy. The investigative 
pathologist has his work cut 
out to dear an ex-convict who 
has been wrongly arrested for 
manslaughter and possession 
of drags, (r) 

1140 The Business of Exce ll e nce : 
The World Turned Upside 
Down. Tom Peters, in tin 
Thames Television industry 
Year Lecture, lambasts the 
managements of the United 
States' biggest companies. 

12.15 Lifestyles of the Rich and 
Famous. Akto Gucci, founder 
of the fashion empire which 
bears his name. 

1240 Mght Thoughts. 


540 FHm 86. A repeat of^ Tuesday’s 
edtion which included a review 
of Murphy's Law. 

640 Star Trek. Scottfefbresakes 
his beloved engines when he 
faBs tortile lovely Lieutenant 
Mira, (r) 

645 Outback Bash. The story of 

the 2400 mile bangers and bus 

race which started outside the 
Sydney Opera House, (r) 

745 Open Space: The Cafl of the 
Celts. What happened when 
archaeologist Gtynis Reeve 
discovered an ancient Cettic 
burial site on Castle HiH near 

845 Book ma tt-Ted ABbeury 
unravels the fact and fiction 
surrounding the life of a spy; 
Josef Skvbrecky talks about 
his novel, Dvorak in Love; and 
Jonathan Raban describes Ns 
voyage round the British fetes 
in rife book. Coasting. ' - 
940 Alas Smith and Jones. 

Comedy sketches starring Mel 
' and Griff, (r) 

940 40 Minutes: Olga Goes to 
HoBywood. The story of Olga 
Serova and her husband, 

- Zhenya, who detected from 
Russia to the United States 
and settled in Hollywood. 
(Ceefax) (see Choice) . 

10.15 Fam Buff of the Year. The 
second semifinal. The 
specialist subjects are Anthony 
Marm; Margaret Lockwood, 
French films of the Fifties; and 
Woody Altea (see Choice) 
1040 N ew an ight Includes a look 
back to the invasions 30 years 
ago of the Suez Canal and 
Hungary. 1145 Weather. 

1140 International Tennis. 

Highlights of the opening day’s 
play in the Wightman Cup at 
the Royal Albert HaK. Ends at 

V--:" : ! 

Al if *u 

r% I *■} < 

Esther Rantzen, presenter of a two-part CJfldwateh special on child 
abuse (BBC1,&30 and 930pm) 

Cream tip No. 48 ^ 

Sparkling sauces 
for Bonfire Night. 

Bonfire Barbecue Sauce. 

This November 5th, light 

up your taste buds with this ' 

. easy sauce. . *; ;V 

Blend 150ml 04 pint) fresh - *.* - 

Double Cream with 59g (2 oz) Blue Stilton cheese to 
make a smooth barbecue sauce. 

It’s the ideal topping for burgers. 

Sweet Pickle Dip. 

Or, as a tasty dip for cubes of cheese and hot 

to both Syria and the Lebanon, 
end Nadia Hijab, a Jordanian 

340 Take the Hitei Road. Eddie 
Ramsay finite his own answer 
to his problems 345 Thames 
news headlines 340 Sons end 

440 Fficks. Christopher Lilficrap 
with the fate of ilte Trip 4.10 
The Trap Door. Animated 
adventures set in a spooky 
castle. 440 Animals m Action. 
How some animals protect 
themselves from carnivorous 
predators 445 Henry's Leg. 
Drama seriaL (Oracle) 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

545 News with Alastair Stewart 
6.00 Thames news. 

6.23 Help! Vfv Taylor Gee with news 
of what NHS services are free 
and those which are not 

645 Crossroads. 

740 EmmerdateFann. 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anneka Rice and 

Mike Morris. News with Geoff 
Meade at 640, 740, 740,840, 
840 and 940; financial news at 
645; sport at B40 and 740; 
exercises at 645; cartoon at 
745; the draw for the next 
round of the LitOewoods 
FootbsHChal tenge Cup, five at 
7.40; DOp music at 745; and 
Jeoi Barnett’s postbag at 845. 
At 945 T&nmy Mafien presents 
Wacaday for children. 

Alec Guinness (centre), Doncan McCrae and Sesannah York in the 
Ronald Neame film Tones of dory, on Channel 4, 930pm 


240 FOm: Jassy (1947) starrtra 
Margaret Lockwood Costume 
drama about the daughter of a 
gypsy who becomes lad y-of- 
the-manor and then plots to 
return a stately home back to 
its rightful owner who fttettfta 
pile through gambling. Directed 
by Bernard Knowles. 

440 Cartoon. Woody Woodpecker 

in Ace in the Hole. 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams and 
mental arithmetic competition 
is challenge by Brenda Widger, 
a book-keeper from 
Hartlepool. Richard Whiteley is 
the questionmaster, assisted 
by Eve Pollard in the 
adjudicator's chair. 

540 FUm: The Great Moment" 
(1944) starring Joel McRaB. A 
biopic of William T.G.Morton, a 
Boston dentist who, in 1846, 
ckscovered the use of ether as 
an anaesthetic. With Betty 
Field as his wife, and William 
Demarest as the first patient to 
receive anaesthesia. Directed 
by Preston Sturges. 

640 Union World. Health and safety 
at work. Are the new 
regulations regarding the 
handling of hazardous 

chemicals sufficient to ensure 
worker protection? 

7.00 Channel 4 News presented by 
Peter Sissons and Nicholas 

740 Comment With his views on a 
topical subject is David FarraU, 
a writer. Weather. 

840 Equinox; The New Magic i an s. 
A documentary made by TV 
Ontario exploring how film- 
makers create special effects 
for fantasy films, (see Choice) 

940 Oh Madeline. Comedy series 
starring Madeline Kahn. 

940 Fflim Tunes of <3oiy (1960) 
starring Alec Guinness and 
John Mills. A powerful drama 
set in a peacetime Highland 
regiment Guinness is Lt-Col 
Sinclair, a regular officer who 
worked himself up through the 
ranks, who commands the 
respect of his men by hlsone- 
of-tne-boys behaviour. He is 
relieved of his command and 
his successor is a 
straightlaced martinet who 
earned his commission in 
Sandhurst A conflict of wills 
between thejwo ensues. With 
Dennis Price, Gordon Jackson 
and Susannah York. Directed 
by Ronald Neame. 

1140 Beyond Befief: Feminine hi 
the Church. What does the 
traditionally male-dominated 
Church offer to women? Are 
they considered second class 
Christians? For a woman's 
point of view Anthony Clara 
talks to Rowan Pasco and 
Daphne Hampson. 

1145 Relative Strangers. Comedy 
series about a man whose 
happy-go-lucky existence 
comes to an and when a son 
he never knew he had arrives 
on the doorstep. Tonight, 
fattier and son disagree over 
how to spend Friday night. 
Starring Matthew Kelly and 
Mark Farmer, (r) Ends at 1245 


i i lM ls 



11.00-11.18 Qwwo A Sana (3) y ww (U). 


wylJSO-2JO Jessie U0-4JX) Country OP 
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Coast u» Coen UL30 Prisoner Ced Btodi 

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West Ins Week 10£S Weekend Outlook 11-00 
Levkas Man tiOO Tnat's HaSywood 
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UTU IVALFS a > htvwmu ' 
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da> ano HcxHorV (Denasad) 3J0 Partour 
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455 Weather. 740 News 
7405 Concert Bax 

Tele suite. Op 1®, Rossini 
(Variations for 
oboejhanber orchestra, 
with Heinz 

Holbgerxiboe). 040 News 
Concert (oontd): 

Giiitorraln (Sonata a as 
in A minor. Op 17 No 6), 
Respighi (Trttfico 
bontaeBiano), Schumann 

pickle or relish. 

It’ll keep any guy h^)py — and the rest of the fam il y 
too. Oh, and don’t let them forget the firework code. 

f '*• 

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mAe a musicte tour of Manchester. 
1040-1240 Andy Kershaw VHF 
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The Wbrid Today. A9 ttaiee in OIT. 

four horns and orchestra). 
940 News 

9.05 This Week's Connoser 
Mendelssohn. St Paul Op 
36. part 1, overture and Nos 
1 to 16, Dussekiorf 50, 
choirs and solo artists 
inducing Helen Donate, 
Rscher^utesXau. Conductor: 
Rateef FmhbecA de 

1040 Parry and Dyson: Allegri 
String Quartet- Parry's 
String Quartet in E flat, 
Dyson's Rhapsody No 2 

1046 Yonty Solomon: piano 
recital. Fame (Ballade, 

Op 19), Rachmaninov 

On long wava (s) Stereo on VHF. 
545 Shipping' 640 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
Today 625 Prayer lor the 

4JS Kaleidoscope 
(yesterday's edition 

1140 &Sbc Continents: (an 
McDougad write fordSFi 
radio broadcasts monitored 
by the BBC 

1140 Scottish Chamber 
- Orchestra (under 

Cl eobury). Hoist (St Paul's 
Suite), Biward Harper 
(Fantasia V for chamber 
orchestra, and 
Passacaglia on EH3 7DQ. 
Peter Maxwell Davies 
(SJnftxna Concerante). 140 

145 Birmingham Lunchtime 
Concert Bernard 
Roberts (piano). Debussy 
(Studies, Bookl), 

Beethoven (Sonata in D 
minor. Op 31 No 2) 

240 Fufl Fathom Five: 

Sibelius. The Tempest, 
and Pretoria and Suite Ni 1: 
played by RPO. Also The 
Oceantdes (Gothenburg SO), 
and Ssufte No 2 from The 
Tempest (RLPO) 

340 Hindenwn: Nobuko Imai 
(viola) pfeysthe Sonata 

Snsan Hill: presenter of 
Bookshelf, Radio 4, 4.05 

640 Bandstand: GuHdhaH 
Bernard Stevens (overture 
East and WBK), Anthony 
Milner (Concerto tor 
symphonic wind barei) 

740 OiphGRiS Revisited: 

London Mozart Players 
(under Glover), with William 
Bennett (flute). Stock 
(Dance of Blessed Spirits), 
Thea Musarave (Orfeo ll) 
745 Schxteerr Martin Roscoe 
(piano). Sonata in E 
minor. D 568. Rondo in E D 
506, and Sonata in A 
minor, D845 
630 Mignon : Ambrose 

Thomas's thr ee a c t 

320 Am ste rdam Baroque 
Orchestra (under Ton 

Noi in C.BWV 1066), also 
Bach’s Suites No 2 m Q 
minor, BWV 1067. and No 3 

540 Manly tor Pleasure: 

Brian Kay witn a 
reconied music setection 

French. RTE SO (under 
Van Pascal Tortelier), with 
Wexford Festival Chorus. 
Cast includes Cynthia Ctaray 
in tiie title role. Beveriyy 
Hoch. Curtis Rayam and 

Teooor Ciurdaa. Ure 
from Theatre Royal, 
Wexford. Act one 
925 AMooemMahabharata: 
first of three stones, road 
by Professor P Lai, of 
Calcutta University. The 
second programme in the 
senes can be heard 
tomorrow night 
9.45 Mignon: the second act 
1025 Lenars to Princess 

Matmtcte: Hugh Dickson 
reads a selection of Gustave 
Flaubert's leners 
1040 Mignon: the third act 
1l47News. 1240 Closedown. 

840 News Summary 
645 Business News 6.55, 
7.55 Weather 740, 840 
Today’s News 725, 825 
Sport 745 Thought for 
the Day 845 Yesterday in 
Partiamsnt847 Weather; 

940 News 

945 In Business. Magazine 
for the business world. 

940 The Radio Programme. 
Reviews of and reports 
on radio programmes. With 
Laurie Taylor. Esther 
Rantzen, Sarah 
Dunnant,Richard Baker, 
1040 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts reports on 
the health of medical care. 
1040 Morning Story: The 

Russian Lesson, by Beth 
Porter. Read bv Beth Porter. 
1045 An Act of Worship (S) 

1140 News; Travel; Anaytsis: 
Planned Chaos. Mary 
Goldring asks if 
controversial issues like 
the M25, Sizewefl and 
Stanstead would not 
benefit from clearer national 
pjannmg objectives, and 
looks at the future of the 
public inquiry (r) 

11.48 Tales of Long Ago. 

Howie Rrte write legends 
teat shed light on the past 
1240 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice. 

1227 Round Britain Quiz. 
Nationwide general 
knowledge contest (r) 12JS5 

140 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers 145 


240 News; woman's How. 
Includes part one of Ruth 
Renders book Suspense 
Stories, read by Bruce 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play: Songs from a TaD 
Larch, by David Stafford. 
Story of a woman Kvtrvg 
atone with her memories — 
and her parrot With 
Pauline Letts, Manning 
WHson and Gladys 

440 News 

445 Bookshelf. Susan HiU 
presents Radio 4 'b good 
books programme. Featured 
this week fethe 

540 PM. News magazine 5J 
640 The S« o'Clock News; 
Financial Report 

640 Legal. Decent Honest 
and Truthful Martin 
Jarvis and Christopher 

Godwin star in a corned) 

series satin an advertra 

biography ny Denis Judd: 
Alison Uttfey, The Life of 

a Country Cratd. 

740 News 

7.05 The Archers 

740 Any Answers? Letters 
sent in by listeners in 
response to last week's Any 

7 AO A Class Apart? An 
enquiry into special 
education for children with 
disabilities. John Mitts 
chaos a studio discussion, 
plus phone-in, 01-580 
4411 (Ones open from 

940 My Machine and I.Tad 
Hamson, who for the last 
two years has spent two 
days a week on a kidney 
machine, reports on tee state 
of renal medicine. 

940 fan Skidmore. 

Recordings from tire 
BBC Sound Archives. 

945 Kaleidoscope, including 
Michael Powell's book A 
Life in Movies, and Rodin at 
tee Hayward Gallery. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime:' A Bit 
of a Do. by David Nob&s 
(4) . Reader: John Rowe. 
1029 Weather 

1040 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today in Parliament 

1240 News: Weather 1243 

VHF (available' in England and 
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except: 5464.00am Weather; 
Travel 945-10.45 For 
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Together: An Assembly 
for ocnoois 340 Secondary 
English (1 1-14) (s) 945 
First Steps in Drama (s) 10.15 

Something to Think About 
1025 Talk to a Sports Star (s) 
1140-12.00 For Schools: 
1140 Noticeboara 1145 to 
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Wavelength (s) 145-3. 00pm 
For Schools: 145 
Listening Corner is) 245 The 
Song Tree (s) 220 Living 
Language 2.40 Newscast 
540-545 PM (continued) 
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time Broadcasting; French 
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* «r- 





Fist published in 1785 



by police 

Yugoslav display 
contains little 

M.'ifJI'x: to trouble Robson 

Chorley's big day has been 
spoilt by the local police, who 
have banned their FA Cup 
first round clash against 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 
from going ahead at Viciory 

The Multipart League 
dob's little ground is currently 
being revamped to meet the 
safety certificate 


Now. the police hate ruled 
that it would be unable to cope 
adequately with the expected 
large influx of Wolves fans, on 
November 15. 

Welsh dnb Ton Pentre have 
been luckier. The police have 
allowed their game at home to 
nearby Cardiff to go ahead, 
even though the local rugby 
dub are entertaining Cardiff 
Rugby Club at the same time a 
mite away. 

From Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Yugoslavia .4 

Turkey 0 

Davies set to 
return ‘home’ 

Gordon Davies, the former 
Welsh International striker, 
has agreed terms with Ful- 
ham. and is set to rejoin the 
dnb that launched his League 

Ray Lewington. Fulham 
player-manager, had hoped 
the deal would be completed 
today with Davies returning to 
Craven Cottage for a fee of 
around £45.000. 

But white it has been tem- 
porarily postponed. Lewington 
still expects Davies to be a 
Fulham player in time for him 
to play in Saturday's Third 
Division match at Doncaster. 

Yugoslavia, the nation with 
one of the best records against 
England, suggested last night 
that they may be a genuine 
threat to Bobby Robson's side 
and their ambitions of reach- 
ing the finals of the European 

The two countries, who 
meet at Wembley in -a fort- 
night. stand together at the 
head of group four, although 
Yugoslavia lead on goal 

Against Turkey here yes- 
terday they sprinkled enough 
moments of quality during an 
otherwise lethargic stroll to 
confirm that they will be 
difficult to break down and to 
contain. In the absence of 
Sliskovic. their most gifted 
individual. Skoro and 
Mlinaric stood out in mid- 
field and Zlaiko Vujovic 
emerged as their sharpest 

On a surface that was far 
from even, the Yugoslavs 
displayed a technique that was 
at times delightful. Flexible 
and imagi native in their cre- 

ative department, they dis- 
mantled the Turks with a 
sense of touch and a speed of 
movement that should have 
brought them a much more 
substantial victory. 

For the opening 20 minutes 
the Yugoslavs resembled a 
group that were strangers 
rather than a squad that had 
lived together for a week 
inside the stadium itself. The 

Gfoiq} four table 


Yugoslavia *1 1 0 0 4 0 2 

England 1 1 0 0 3 0 2 

N kstana 1 0 0 1 0 3 O 

Turitey 1 0 0 1 0 4 0 

Next maun November 12 - England v 

crowd, scattered thinly across 
the terraces, were justifiably 
displeased with a pattern that 
was disjointed and with an 
approach that was uncertain. 

But once the relatively 
young and inexperienced side 
had taken the lead, they 
relaxed and so did the audi- 
ence. The Turks, after a start 
that was full of unlikely prom- 
ise for Robson, were sub- 
sequently exposed for their 
enormous deficiencies which 
were later to reach the heights 
of embarrassment. 

Humiliated 8-0 by England 
during the qualifying stages of 
the last World Cup, they were 

Russians score four 

Oldham sign 

Oldham Athletic* s manager 
Joe Royle yesterday made his 
second signing in six days 
when he paid £10,000 to Stoke 
City for Aaron Callaghan, the 
Republic of Ireland under 21 

This follows the signing last 
week of Tommy Wright, the 
20 year-old Leeds United for- 
ward for a record £80.000. 

Simferopol {AFP) — The 
Soviet Union, with three goals 
in the first half, beat Norway 
4-0 in their first home match 
in the European Champion- 
ship qualifying group three 
here yesterday. 

Norway were finished with 
less than'35 minutes gone as 
the Russians scored three 
limes in eight minutes 
through Litovchenko, 
Belanov (penally) and 
Blokhin. Khidiatoullin added 
the fourth after 59 minutes to 
round off a performance 

which keeps the impressive 
Russians on top of the group 

and surely on the way to 

qualifying for the 1988 
in West Germany. 

In the same group Andreas 
Thom scored both goals in 
East Germany’s 2-0 victory 
over Iceland. 

7 1 

2 o 

Group three table 

USSR 3 2 1 

E Germany 2 t 1 


France - - - - - - 

Norway 2 0 110 4 

Next match: November 19 - East Ger- 
many vftance. 

3 0 2 1 1 3 
2 0 110 2 

saved from a defeat of similar 
proportions by a goalkeeper 
with the unlikely name of 
Fatih. His title may conjure up 
an image of Billy Bunter but 
he was built more along the 
lines of Olive Oil. 

With his elongated limbs, 
be denied the Yugoslavs, es- 
pecially on either side of the 
hour. Yet he was vulnerable in 
the air as were his defensive 
colleagues, and this flaw was 
to prove their downfall before 
the interval. Both of their 
early mistakes were punished 
by the more attacking of the 
Vujovic twins. 

An employee of Bordeaux, 
he struck in the 2Stb and 33rd 
minutes. He could scarcely 
have been given more time to 
roll in his first goal off a post 
or a more generous gift by 
Turkey's captain, Yusuf, to 
claim his second. “They were 
absolute presents," Robson 
said later, “and after that they 
caved in." 

The introduction of Tuce 
lifted Yugoslavia's challenge 
and Savicevic. another sub- 
stitute. and Vujovic put them 
further ahead wi thin the dos- 
ing quarter of an hour. Rob- 
son, though impressed by “the 
little gem" called Tuce, saw 
nothing to fear in Yugoslavia's 
curiously languid perfor- 
mance. “They didn't play 
particularly well." he stated. 

“Sliskovic may make a 
difference," he added, “but be 
will have to. They weren't as 
good as when I saw them in 
Paris a year ago and I cannot 
remember seeing so many 
misplaced passes in an inter- 
national match. The Turks 
were, if anything, worse than 
when we beat them." 

YUGOSLAVIA: M Ravrxc: 2 O Vujovic. 
M BaSc. R Sabanadzovic. M Bsner. M 
Jan tone, ff Skoro, (sub: 0 Sawcsvic). S 
Katanec. R Mha^ovc (sub: S Tuce). M 

TURKEY: Fatti; 

Savas. Matin. Ugur. Tanju. 

C LongM (ftaiy). 

Halifax might not survive 

Spectator fine 
for Shamrock 

Shamrock Rovers, the League 
of Ireland champions, have 
been fined £2,000 by the 
U.E.F.A. because they fluted 
to segrate spectators properly 
at their European Cup game 
against Glasgow Celtic at 
Milltown on September 17. 

Commenting on the fine 
Loois Kilcoyne, the Shamrock 
Rovers director, said: “We are 
very disappointed, and it is our 
intention to appeal against it 

• Shrewsbury's board of 
directors have rejected a writ- 
ten transfer request from 
Republic of Ireland midfield 
player. Gerry Daly. The for- 
mer Manchester United. Cov- 
entry City and Birmingham 
player, who joined the second 
division side fora nominal fee 
a year ago, has another 20 
months of his contract to run. 

Halifax Town will hold a 
board meeting today which 
will decide the future of the 
dub. On Tuesday the Halifax 
chairman. John Madeley. said 
that the official receiver had 
already been called in al- 
though he later denied this. 
Halifax have debts of almost 
£300.00. of which £76.000 is 
owed to the Inland Revenue. 

Madeley is confident how- 
ever. that home League games 
against Cardiff City tomorrow 
and Exeter City next Tuesday 
wil I go ahead despite the club's 
serious financial position. 
Madeley said: "The attitude of 
everyone is tremendous. The 
manager, coach and players 
are looking forward to 
Friday's game although they 
know there will not be any pay 
this week." 

Accountants — who, accord- 
ing to Madeley. are specialists 
in receivership — spent most 
of Tuesday going through 
Halifax's books and a report 
bv the club's financial advisers 

will be discussed today. One of 
the club's problems is that 
their assets are limited since 
they do not own their own 
ground. Halifax’s financial cri- 
sis had originally been re- 
ported to the Football League 
and the Professional Football- 
ers Association by the club’s 

• Walthamstow Avenue's 
ground has been dosed after a 
court order. Bailiffs have 
moved in because of an 
unpaid debt of £90,000. The 
Vauxhall-Opd League dub 
claim, however, that this is the 
result of an administrative 
error by a Liverpool court. 
Their secretary said: “We 
have an outstanding debt and 
an instalment was due to be 
paid on October 17. An of- 
ficial went to Liverpool to pay 
the sum of £900 into court but 
found the case had been 

“We should have been in- 
formed when the court was 

sitting again but heard noth- 
ing. Then, out of the blue, the 
badifls arrived and locked us 
out of our ground. The matter 
will be deared up by the 
weekend and our Vauxhall 
Opel League game against 
Slough will go ahead. We are 
keeping the League fully in- 
formed and are in close liaison 
with Leylonstone/Ilford, who 
share our ground." 

Walthamstow were forced 
to turn amateur earlier this 
season because of financial 
problems are are now bottom 
of the Vauxhall-Opel premier 
division without a point from 
12 matches. 

• Gary O’Reilly, the Brighton 
defender, who has been unable 
to play for six weeks because 
of a severe hamstring injury, 
returns from an .Amsterdam 
clinic at the weekend after two 
weeks of intensive treatment. 
O’Reilly pulled a hamstring in 
the match at Plymouth Argyle 
on September 13 

El Botanico. The most sought after 
residential area in Tfenerife. 

My family and business have been associated with the 

Canary islands since 1894 and over 20 years ago we decided 

to create a residential area which has now become the most 

sought after in 'fenerife. 

Parque Avtxeta is the final phase ofluxury apartment hemes 

which new completes the El Bocanico ga rden development in 

Puerto de la Cruz. ~ 

l‘m Tony Yfeoward, 

Chairman of the group of 
companies who have created 

this beautiful development 

and the reason 1 can 
personally recommend 

El Botanico is because 1 
have trade limy permanent 

My femily and I look 
fonward to welcoming you 
as ne&hbouns to what is 

truly a unique residential 


rplease send me further details on luxury Apartment 
I homes ranging from £40.000 to £90,000 freehold. 

I Leasehold also available. Compleie the coupon and post do: 
[ Dept r/vi, hi R. M. Brocket Limited, 1 Old Hall Street, 

| Liverpool L69 3EP. 



| Name. 




Wf -• R-'M> BnVola*ri:imit»‘H% 

iOOl'Lb9 icr .*•* 


Sheridan has to wait 

John Sheridan, the promis- 
ing Leeds United midfield 
player, has been called up for 
the first time by the Republic 
of Ireland for their friendly 
international against Poland 
on November 12. But the 
former Republic youth and 
under-21 international may 
not make the journey to 
Warsaw. Only 18 of the 22- 
strong squad will be travelling 
to the Polish capital, and the 
manager. Jack Chariton, said: 
“John has a great future, but I 
don’t think he is quite in the 
international class as yet.” 

At the same time, Charlton 
admiis be is anticipating a 

number of withdrawals be- 
cause of club commitments. 
NialJ Quinn, of Arsenal, and 
Mick Kennedy, of Ports- 
mouth, who played against 
Iceland and Czechoslovakia in 
friendlies last summer, have 
also been named. 

(Cette). G Peyton (Bournemouth). D 
Langan (Oxford United). C Holton 
(Tooenham Hotspw). J Beotia (UverpoolL 
M Lowrensan (Liverpool). P McGrath 
(Manchester Unted). K Moran (Manches- 
ter U rated), M McCarthy (Manctiester 
City). J Aadenon (Newcastle). L Brady 
(Ascoii), R Whelan (UrerpooO. K Sheedy 
(Evenon). R O'Brien (Manchester United). 
J Sheridan (Leeds United). M Remedy 
(Portsmouth), R Houghton (Oxford 
United). J Aldridge (Oxtonf UnttedL F 

(Manchester UMaA J Byrne 

(Queens Paris Rangers), N Gum 
rial), K O’CaSagtan (Ipswich). 




Tom Collins, the former 
British light-heavyweight 
champion from Leeds, has 
been given another chance to 
recapture the title which, at 
present, is held by the World 
Boxing Council champion. 
Dennis And ties. Collins lost 
the title to Andries in January. 
1 984. and made an unsuccess- 
ful bid to regain it three 
months later. 

He has been matched with 
John Moody, of Rayleigh, in 
an eliminator which will be 
promoted by Mike Barren at 
the York Hall. London, on 
Januarv 8. 

ri ' 

Collins: fights Moody 

Free wheeling 

Ladies first 

The world’s top women 
fencers will fight next week at 
the Northgate Sports Centre. 
Ipswich, in the first inter- 
national epee championship 
to be staged in Britain. About 
60 contestants are expected 
and Andrea de Bunsen, the 
Commonwealth gold medai 
winner, said: “The epee was 
for a long lime regarded as a 
men's weapon, but now it is 
popular with women and can 
soon become an Olympic 
event for ladies." 

Dortmund (Reuter) — 
Danny Clark, of Australia, 
and Tony Doyle, of Great 
Britain, won the Dortmund 
six-day cycle race last night, 
their second successive six- 
day event victory within a 

Tickets only 

Oldham have made their 
Rugby League match against 
the popular Australian tour- 
ists next Tuesday an all-ticket 
affair at the request of the 
police. There will be a capacity 
of 7.400 for the first visit of the 
Australians to Oldham since 

-i *“**&■£ 

> ■ 'X 

Shipshape: the crew of Britain’s America’s Cup challenger. White Crusader, limber np for 
the next series of races aboard HMS Manchester, a Royal Navy destroyer, in Fremantle 

Agboola is 
the new 

Madden dismissal 

causes confusion 


Moinaric. 2 L Vujovic. 

ti; I IsmaS, Yusuf, K temai. 

Charlton Athletic, hit by an 
injury crisis, are trying to sign 
Reuben Agboola, the Sunder- 
land defender, on a month’s 
loan. Agboola, aged 24, played 
90 first division games foi 
Southampton before moving 
to join his former manager, 
Lawrie McMenemy, at Raker 

Chariton, who have won six 
successive matches, suffered 
another injury blow when 
John Humphrey, their full- 
back, twisted an ankle in 
Tuesday night's i-0 Utile- 
wood's Cup victory over 
Queen's Park Rangers. He will 
be out of action for three 
weeks. They are also without 
Colin Walsh, their midfield 
player, who injured a knee in 
Saturday’s win at West Ham 

Lemrie Lawrence, Chari- 
ton's manager, said that his 
small squad was stretched to 
the limit because of the inju- 
ries. He was hoping to speak to 
Agboola last night 

Lawrence, who also has 
John Pender and Alan Curfo- 
isbley on the injured list, must 
attempt to patch up his de- 
pleted squad in time for 
Saturday’s visit to Arsenal. He 
said: “Injuries have forced my 
hand, but this is probably a 
good time to strengthen the 
squad, anyway." 

At Selhursi Park on Tues- 
day. Chariton were within 
three minutes of having that 
victory over QPR snatched 
from their grasp. Floodlight 
failure caused a 20-minute 
delay during the second half 
and the referee, Mike James, 
of Horsham, would have 
abandoned the match had the 
power not been restored 
within another three minutes. 

Howard Wilkinson, the 
Sheffield Wednesday man- 
ager, has claimed that Lawrie 
Madden's sending off in his 
team’s 4-0 littlewoods Cop 
defeat at Everton on Wednes- 
day night was prompted by a 
case of mistaken identity. 

The centre half was dis- 
missed by the referee, Mal- 
colm Heath, of Stoke-on- 
Trent, for a 69th minute foul 
on the Everton forward 
Graeme Sharp, his second 
bookable offence. But the 
controversy surrounded his 
first booking, also fora foul in 
the 50th minute. Wednesday 
claim that the guilty player 
was not Madden but fellow 
defender. Paul Hart. 

“The referee blew for a foul 
by Hart and then booked 
Madden," Wilkinson said. 
“Referees make mistakes. We 
received a’ circular about mis- 
taken identity but when I went 
to dear up the matter with the 
referee after the game, I was 
told to go away. It would 
appear clear to everyone, and 
hopefully to the assessor, that 
there was a mistake in 

Wednesday, who were 24) 
down but fighting their way 
back into the game Mien 
Madden was dismissed, con- 
ceded late goals to Derek 

Mountfiek! and Paul Wil- 
kinson, his second of the 

Steve Sedgeley dem 
onstrated the precodousness 
of youth to make it a hap 
night for Coventry C 
Sedgeley- aged 18, stepped up 
to take the 84th minute pen- 
alty which gave Coventry a 2- 
1 win over Oldham Athletic. 
As his older and more experi- 
enced colleagues hovered un- 
certainly over the spot kick, 
the young Londoner, in only 
his ninth first team match, 
strode forward and planted his 
shot into the neL Cyrille Regis 
scored Coventry’s first goa 

Chelsea locked themselves 
in their dressing room after 
their shock 2-1 defeat against 
Cardiff City, of the fourth 
division, at Ninian Park. The 
London club's manager, John 

Hollins, eventually emerged 
to admit: “That’s the worst 
we've played. We got exactly 
what we deserved — and that 
was nothing. Cardiff could 
have had a couple more: They 
played well and took their 
chances but we didn't get off 
the ground." 

Hollins, whose future at* 
Stamford Bridge must be in 
the balance, added: “It's np to 
the players — and myself — to 
pot it right. 

Final inquest begins 

That would have meant 
disappointment for Steve 
Thompson, whose 30th-min- 
ute goal was his first for 

The football authorities in 
Scotland have begun their 
investigation into the Skol 
Cup final between Rangers 
and Celtic last Sunday. The 
report of the match referee, 
David Syme, will be consid- 
ered on Monday by the SFA’s 
referee disciplinary 

The SFA received Mr 
Syme’s lengthy report and it is 
understood it has paid special 
attention to the incidents 
which marred the showpiece 
game, which Rangers won 2-1. 
Mo Johnston, the Celtic for- 
ward, was sent off, nine others 
were booked and the game 
erupted in the final minutes 
when Tony Shepherd, the 

Celtic midfield player, was 
shown a red card but was 
allowed to remain on the fieki 

David Hay, the Celtic man- 
ager, went on to the pitch to 
calm his players but after the 
game he stated that it might be 
better if Celtic wereto apply to 
play in the English League. 

The referee’s report will' be 
sent to all the parties involved 
before being placed in front of 
the referee . disciplinary 
committee on Monday, when 
they will decide what further 
action to take. 

To add to the tension, 
Rangers and Celtic meet again 
on Saturday at Paridiead’in a 
premier division match. 

S ****** 


Final touch 

Ray Howell, an engineer 
from Manchester, put the 
finishing touches to a brilliant 
win by Chortton-cum-Hardy 
in the Hennessey Cognac na- 
tional pro-am golf champion- 
ship at the Princess Country 
Gub in the Bahamas. Is a 
dramatic climax to the 54 
holes, better-ball, com- 
petition. Howell, aged 33, 
earned his dub professional, 
David Streeton, the £3,000 
first prize when he sank an 
eight-foot pun for a birdie at 
the first extra hole. It made 
amends for his three putts at 
the 1 8th. which allowed 
Sundridge Park. Kent, to tie 
on 205 with a final round 73. 
Chorlton finished with a 69. 

Cut price 

Des Drummond, the Great 
Britain and Leigh wing three- 
quarter, is asking the Rugby 
League to cut his £100,000 
transfer fee. He made an 
application for a reduction 
before the management 
committee in Leeds yesterday. 

Late drinks 

Steve Phillips, the Torquay 
United forward, has been 
sacked following an incident 
in which five or six young 
players were discovered drink- 
ing late on Saturday night 


Palmer calls it a day 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

John Palmer, who cap- 
tained Bath to their third 
successive John Player Special 
Cup victory last season, has 
retired from international 
competition. As a con- 
sequence be has withdrawn 
from the national training 
squad which leaves today for 
four days in POrtugaL He has 
been replaced by Ralph 
Knibbs, the uncapped Bristol 

came an England squad mem- 
ber ay ear later. 

Palmer, aged 29, who was 
capped twice in South Africa 
in 1984 and as a replacement 
against Ireland last season, no 
longer has the commitment 
required for international 
rugby. “I have been thinking 
for some time about how 
much longer I was going to 
play,” Palmer said yesterday. 
“I have been in top rugby for 
12 years and J have decided 
now just to {day for enjoyment 
with Bath." 

He was a replacement in the 
grand-slam season of I980bul 
did not win his first cap until 
the 1984 England tour to 
South Africa, when his tack- 
ling — as much as the elusive 
running which ma<t» him a 
promising stand-off half in his 
early years r- won him a place. 
Earlier this year he captained 
England's B team in Italy. 
“Playing at Twickenham last 
season (as a replacement for 
the injured Kevin Simms) was 
what I always wanted and 
helped me make up my 
mind.” Palmer said. 

More Rugby Union, page 44 

Edwards to quit 

He will not be available for 
the divisional championship 
either, which opens the way 
for a potentially exciting 
combination of Knibbs and 
Simon Haiiiday in the south- 
west division. Palmer went to 
Canada with the tmder-23 
squad in 1977 and first be- 

Jotra Edwards, the Sussex 
coach for the last five years, is 
quitting at . the end of -the 
season. Edwards, who played 
for Lewes, took over from the 
Lewes coach, Terry PowelL 
Edwards said that foe primary 
reason for his decision has 
been foe Rugby Football 
Union's scrapping of foe di- 
visional county championship 
system and foe ending of 
Saturday county games. . 


out at 


By Ivo Tennant 

Jod Garner, the West In- 
dian fast bowler. 
length yesterday for foe 

timTof teteto**™** 
b rim retained by Somerset. 
HeXmed be tod 

for “insulting my intelligence 
and over his captaincy’ of the 

Garner, who opted sottogo 
to Pakistan on West Indies 
enrreat torn- becanse of illness 
be contracted there m the past, 
spoke in his favourite pah « 
the (Hdslciits of Tamtfon of a 
need for honest retoboos 
within Somerset if It e to be a 
more successful dnb in foe 

years to come. He was flanked 

by supporters who are intent 
on overtmming foe dnb s de- 
cision to release him and Yir 
Richards. . 

Garner said that o June 
Roebuck M asked him if he 
would like to play in one-day 
cricket and coach next year. 
“As long as I stay fit I can 
offer a lot more," Garner said. 
“I told Peter that be and 
others at the dnb were insult- 
ing ay ft*— Hype as a crick- 
eter gin) as a person. I do not 
rate Peter as a captain — he 
thinks of himself instead of foe 


“Vnr Richards and I should 
not be made scapegoats for 
poor results. If we go, and Ian 
Botham leaves with as, the 
dab will be back where R 
started. Brian Langford 
( chairma n of the cricket 
committee) said to me that in 
order for foe dub to go forward 
it first has to go backward," he 


“The dnb has made mis- 
takes since I came hoe and 
has been nusmanaged. Bur- 
gess and Moseley have gone 
and have not been replaced, 
Botham and Dredge are not 
the same bowlers, yet I am 
Mamed when we do not take 
wickets and my bowling b 
c om p a red to my Test achieve- 
ments, when 2 had better 
support. How many Somerset 
pfayereconld command places 
in another comity team?" 

When asked whether 

allegations that he did not help 

Somerset 1 s young players were 
true. Garner sank “A lot of 
diem found it dHfiadt to ask a 
question hut they do not flmd it 
hard to approach tee. Viv 
helps them, too. _ 

“I have ako bees accused of 
being disruptive. If speaking 
one's mind is disruptive then I 
am. If I see things dim are 
wrong in West lades or m 
Somerset I point them oat” 

In response to other ques- 
tions. Garner said this was sot 
a race issue, that he had had 
“rnn-ms” with two committee 
wra during the PBnmw anil 
font various committee mem- 
bers thoeght Botham was big- 
headed. “If the intention was 
to get rid of Ian by sacking us, 
then that was sta^d,” Garner 

Gamer hopes to continue 
playing for West Indies but if 
Somerset members vote in 
support of their committee at 
foe special meeting on Novem- 
ber 8 be will probably retire 
from county cricket. He said 
he has had offers from other 
counties. He would then play 
league cricket and prone a 
career as a social worker. 


Ji. . 


” i 

Boost for 

in Wales 

By Mike Berry 

A side representing Wales 
as been deem! into 

« muc icpresenong wales 
has been elected into the 
Minor Counties champion- 

shin from thp 1QOQ ... 

mu™ vAnmues champion- 
ship from the 1988 season 
onwards. They were accepted 
at yesterday's Minor Counties 
meeting at Lord’s and wifl 


m yraicttiay s wunor bounties 
meeting at Lord's and -wifl 
replace Somerset second XL 
Somerset muM 

Somerset had given an 
obligatory year’s notice of 
foeir intention to pull out of 

foe. 1987. campaign due to 


The Welsh side wifi he 
Jmown as the Wales Minor 
Crimes XI and win 

into the 

^«™my when tbeyjS 

Association, said: “Wa£ 
were prepared in 


admit th OT for^he ?9® 



ason. — * 

Player as foeir irationalSSE 
play tiuSSa^ 


' f. 

game fo 5 pfor ^ 

ted." *** ve wen accej 


j’ .