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Dossier alleges ‘inaccuracy, innuendo and imbalance 9 

Tebbit lashes m£ 

apw^-T'Y™." i, * w 

BBC ‘bias’ in 
Libya report 

By Philip Webster, CbkSTotitksd Camspoadeat 

In the roost severe indict- 
ment of BBC standards deliv- 
ered by a senior politician. Mr 
Norman Tebbit yesterday ac- 
cused the corporation of in- 
accuracy, innuendo, 
imbalance and uncritical car- 
riage of Libyan propaganda in 
its coverage of the US air 
strike against Tripoli in ApriL 
The Conservative chairman 
took relations between the 
BBC and the Government to 
crisis point by issuing a 20 - 
page dossier on coverage of 
the raid, of which the overall 
impact had been damaging to 
the US and British govern- 
ments and helpfid to the 
Libyans, be said. 

His move caused a sharp 
reaction at Westminster, with 
Mr Ndl Kinnock, the Labour 
leader, accusing him of 
attempting to undermine the 
independence of the 

But it delighted Conser- 
vative MPs and ministers 
who, fin the wake of the 
widespread criticism of ttife 
way the corporation handled 
the Panorama libel case 
successfully brought by two 
Tory MPs, are looking to the 




chairman-designate, Mr 
Marmaduke Hussey, to take a 
firm grip on die board of 

rows to 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent - 

The BBC last night reacted 
angrily to the attack by Mr 
Norman Tebbit over alleged 
bias in reports on the Ameri- 
can bombing of Libya, and 
said the corporation would 

or. a legitimate defensive ac- answer the accusations. 

It will intensify calls for the 
removal of Mr Alasdair 
Milne, director-general. 

The Central Office dossier 
concentrated on two bulletins 
on April IS and 17. 

BBC reporters, -some 
named, are accused of emo- 
tive and questionable cover- 

Tebbit letter 5 

Tory dossier 5 

Leading article 21 

age and in a covering loser to 
the acting chairman, Lord 
Barnett, Mr Tebbit said the 
analysis raised serious ques- 
tions “as to way in which the 
BBC reports the news.” 

“Indeed you may conclude 
that for from being balanced, 

-fair and im partial, the cover- 
age was a mixture of news, 
views, speculation, error and 
uncritical carriage of Libyan 
propaganda which does seri- 
ous ^aiwagp tO the re putation 
of the BBC." 

Many BBC staff, Mr Tebbit 
said, thought that the BBC has 

tion against a dictator using Mr Alasdair Mane, the 
the resources of his state to Director General, said: “The 
cany out acts of barbarous BBC can, and wiD answer the 
terrorism against innocent anm^tionq in this complaint 
people in foreign countries. from the ohatrimm of the 
The doty of television news Conservative Party. There is, 
organizations was to reflect • however, the genuine worry 
the two contrasting attitud es- that the complaint itself and 
Butrthe dossier states, while the manp gr of its delivery, 
r TN preserved an impartial could suggest that the Conser- 
editonal stance, the BBC vative Party is attempting to 
“tome a number of editorial intimidate the BBC 

and journalistic decisions the . 

effect of which was to enlist We are deteraui 
the sympathy of the audience T* 

for the Libyans and to antago- credibility, not leas 
nize them towards* the we are m the run- 
Anwricans." general election and 

The BBC had stressed the at a time when tbp 
“worldwide condemnation" broa dc asti n g is oeu 
of the US action without g*® a Cabinet a 
supporting evidence, stressed Equmly, I do not be 

*uu jouiuaiouL ukimuu» me a _. , , . 

effect of which was to enlist We are determined to en- 
tire sympathy of the audience sure that this idea gams no 
for the Libyans and to antago- credibility, not least because 
nize them towards * the we are m the run- up to a 
Am??rTrfln< ” general election and it comes 

The BBC had stressed the £V a time whai tire future of 
“worldwide condemnation" broa d cas t i n g is being consid- 
of the US action without a Cabmet committee, 

supporting evidence, stressed EquaBy l do not bebeve that 
the civilian casualties of the P^c interest far 

raid giving emphasis to one of the BBC to be tn a protracted 
Libya’s main propaganda confrontation wtth any mapr 

points, and bad gone into 
“alarmist hyperbole” about 
the likely Libyan reaction. 

■ Tim Sebastian is accused of 
an unnecessarily emotive ref- 
erence stating that in the 
mood ofsetfcopgratulatioo in 
tire United States there was 
barely a mention of Libyan 
casualties. Brian Barron was 

lost its way. “Pferhaps the news casualties. Brian Barron was 
coverage of tire Libyan attack accured of the equally 
is a refection of lack of emotive c fctim that Britain 
direction. I have no way of was in tire firing line. Keith 
knowing whether the coverage Graves, Middle East 
was affected by bias, ineom- correspondent, is accused of a 
pctencci low profe s sional smn- “more questionable’’ report, 
dartis or simple error particularly in stating that the 

The dossier states that the Arab world was united in 

US raid was open to two quite -condemning tire raid. 

Michael Seely 
previews the 
Breeders' Cup . 
from Santa Anita, 
California, where 
Dancing Brave 
provides the 
British challenge 

opposite interpretations: a vi- 
cious and illegal attack by a 
superpower on a small nation,. 




By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affirirs Correspondent 
The right of prisoners cm 
remand to be brought before 
the courts every eight days 
•may be replaced by a 28-day 
rule under proposals now 
being considered by the 

The Home Office is ex- 
pected shortly to invite eom- 

AJtfaough Kate Adie, the 
reporter in Tripoli, is not 

QatiHundon page 2 $, col 1 

political party and I hope we 
can- resolve this difficulty as 
soon as possible." 

BBC journalists yesterday 
unequivocally rejected Mr 
Tebbit’s contention. 

Instead, they claimed, the 
BBCs coverage was amply 
more complete and timely 
than that provided by rival 
Independent Television 
News, which Mr Tebbit said 
bad been more accurate and 
bl »lq T V* d than the BBC’S. 

Miss Kate Adie, principal 
reporter imlibya for the BBC 
during tire American raid, was 
said by colleagues to believe 
that her reporting had been 
singled out for crihdsm by. Mr 
Tebbit because be is himseifa 
former victim of terrorism. 

form: Mr Tebbit yesterday, de 
g of the BBC (Photograph: Mark 

to teachers 

By Nicholas Wood and Mark Dowd . 

The Government is to scrap service and for Ms coOeagues 
tire Burnham machinery for in local government". 
determining teachers’ pay, Mr He said local authorities 

Kenneth Baker, Secretary of and teachers would stifl go to 
State for Education and Sti- Nottingham next week, intent 

/V 9 m g t pected shortly to invite com- 

memMjffQposals for a ^f n ?} $J*"gES2 % 

tjKtttV change in the rule in line with «£*{£ 16 J °^ nt 

• The Tones Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
four readers. Details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
31; how to play, 
information service, 
page 26- 

• Tomorrow, £12,000 
can be won — £6,000 in 
the weekly 

competition and £4,000 
in the daily. 

Law results 

Results of the Law Society’s 
s umm er final examination are 
published today Page 16 

times business 

ICI record 

Imperial Chemical Industries 
announced an increase in 
third quarter profits to a 
record £256 million, com- 
pared with £182 million in the 
previous third quarter 

Tempos, page 28 


Greater governmental de- j 
ciriveoess and stability in Italy 
have gone hand in hand with 
growing, optimism about tire 
economy. A Special Report 
assesses the significance of 
these changes Pages 33-46 


Cup draw 

Cambridge United, one of 
only two fourth division chibs 
left in the liltlewoods Cup, 
have been drawn to meet 
Tottenham Hotspur in tire 
fourth round . PlageSO 

recommendations from two 

Government-appointed teams 

ofoffidals. . 

It is hoping in tire Ifehl of 
comments revived to attach a 
clause to the forthcoming 
Gruninal Justice BiB as it goes 
through Parliament next 


ence, said yesterday. on completing the work begun. 

& win be replaced with an at Coventry, 
interim committee to advise Mr Fred Smithies, general 
theSecretary of Stale on broad secretary of the National 
mattesof fixture salary levels Association of Schoolmasters/ 
and conditions of service, Mr Union of Women Teachers 
Baker said, in announcing an said that although tire 16 per 
f 16.4 per cent over 21 cent offer of was an improve- 
s if teachers accept ment on the original Coventry 
’ binding contracts deal, it was stiu unacceptable, 
isg their duties. “Once worked through, 

ohnPeannan, leader of allowing for the cash quid pro 

, ■ ■' ■ quo in return for defined 

mtfnf 4 contracts, teachers will be, in 

■ — i ■■ two years time, exactly where 

bom-led kxal authority they are now,"Jre said. 

yens, described Sir Mr Peter Snape, general 
5 nrooosalsas “a reci pe secretary of the Secondary 

months if teachers accept 
legally binding contracts 
specifying their duties. 

More air 

. ByTIvyeyEffiott . .. 

Civ3 and military air traffic 
controflm were involved in 
37 air miss incidents last year, 
a confidential report by tire 
- Civil' Aviation Authority says. 
The number of air misses was 
tire lowest recorded but those 
involving controllers rose 

The report, by the CAA‘s 
joint air miss working group, 
says 143 air misses were 
reported in 1985, of which 37 
were judged to have been 
caused or made worse by air 
traffic control. That is 25.8 per 
cent of the total compared 
with about 13 per cent the two 
previous years. 

The air miss working group 
is made iq> of representatives 
of civil and military aviation. 

and reviews and re p or t s on air I again on the North Atlantic. 

miss incidents in and around 
Britain. The report examines 
controllers’ errors between 
September and December, 

through Parliament next tire Ubotti-led local autiiority tn^jarenow, heaiu.^^ 
session. employers, described Sir ma Snape, general 

The proposal is aimed at Baker’s proposalsas “a recipe secretary of the Secondary 
better iSoSopower in the for chaps and anarchy m 

orison service through tack- schools". thought Government, mter- 

prison service through tack- 
ting the burdensome task of 
escorting prisoners to courts. 

Earlier this year a commit- 
tee of offidals was set up by 

the Home Office and Lord authorities and unions. Main- 
C hance flor’g Department to stream teachers would corn- 

look at escort duty and among I pare tire Government s basic 
fo package of pn»os£lm{l«y cefling of£12,700 with the 

.« 1 Tti j l .• I T 1 A CAA kir tl«A Pmr_ 

schools" tboo^bt Government inter- 

He accused Mr Baker of ratoon to necessary m view 
reneging on a ptedge of non- oftbe small chances of^ success 
interference befaetire Not- at the Nottmgham meeting 
trn gham talks between local between unions ana employ- 
anthorfties and unions. Main- ersnextweek. 
stream teachers would com- Hc T^ ev S r ’ T ^ ^ ^ 
pare tire Government’s base was Mr Baker’s intention to 

. .... ‘.t. .i I n mclatp nn thu twatlAr AT 

that weekly remand hearings 
be replaced by 28-day ones. 
Hie team estimated that this 
would save 38,000 prison 
officer hours. 

Another team of officials 
appointed to look at the legal 
aid scheme also called in their 
report in June for 28-day 
Temands which they estimated 
could save £7 million a year. 

The proposal is strongly 
opposed by the National 
Association for tire Care and 

ray cefling off 12,700 with the legislate on the matter of 
£14,500 promised by the Cov- teachers’ contracts, then 
entry deal and find h wanting, teachers would want to exam- 
Mr Ptearman said the Sec- me any proposals first 
retaty of State’s intervention Mr Ifeto made gear that 
represented “a massive kick in ^ie basic framework of his 
tire teeth for the education Caatinned on page 26, coll 

The report says that the 
“disturbing" increase in 
controller-involved air misses 
in the previous six-month 
period had continued with 12 
air misses recorded, five of 
which involved air traffic 
controLThat- compared with 
seven air misses in the same 
period test year of which three 
involved controller. 

Last night the CAA said that 
only a snail minority of those 
air misses which were re- 
ported involved an dement of 
risk They also pointed out 
that many related to military 
traffic ana did not involve 
civil aircraft in any way. 

Broadmoor inmates haye Aids test 

toP security hospital were 
befog screened yesterday for 
tort Aid? after one of them was 

f®* . sajd J to have been infected 

implemented, it would “nrake with the disease, 
serious inroads into the right 

of remand prisoners to have The diagnosis was made a 
their case for bail frequently week ago at the King Edward 
reviewed by the courts." VII Hospital, at Windsor, 

By Pearce Wright after routine tests for another 

Science Editor ' complaint 


p security hospital were «« cxtomsive Wood teste. The 
mg soeearedyestewfay for l^rent was mmrechately cop- 

und to have been infected 

ith the disease. Dttrs «- Jhe Ber- 

muda-b«n man had been at 
The diagnosis was made a Broadmoor for some time, 
sek ago at the King Edward and so tests are being carried 
0 Hospital, at Windsor, out on all his fellow patients. 

particularly anyone who was 
close to him. 

Staff at the Berkshire hos- 
pital admitted privately that 
there was a problem with 
homosexual relationships 
among the 500 male patients. 

The victim of Aids (ac- 
quired immune deficiency 
syndrome) was in 
Broadmoor’s Norfolk 

Born again bunnies and angel bears 

Home News 2-6 Keados 
Omseas 7-15 Letters 
Appts 243 Obtawry 
Arts 17 PttttareeM 

Binhsjtatte. Sale Roma 

Marriages . 

Bbucss 27-32 Sport 47-58^2 
Coth 24 Theanes^tc 16 

Crosswords liL26 TV & Radio 51 

2S| Sdeace 

From Panl VaDdy 

Jonah, the adverttsfog tells 
you, fits inside the whale. 

Childish logic would not have 
it otherwise. 

This particular Jonah is 

seven indies high. Tire whale, the new Christian playthings, 
which looks like a misshapen “Our toys are an alternative;” 
plastic bottle, is about twice Around 40 per cent of the 
that length. They are one of a joys sold in -the $15 billion 
number of new religious toys (£io .6 ntiffion) American 
which in the past year has • market are baaed on television 
become a multi-million dollar cartoon characters associated 
business in the southern Bible “violence, witchcraft. 

Belt of the United Stares. sorcery, occultism, demons, 

A mannequin named Ao mysticism, transformation, 
tion Jesus, a “poseable magic and mind control”, the 
character” and “king of company maintains, 
kings”, is one of the star “Today’s good guys stand 

r* <L. mmj> <h!nnr tha Karl 

“Many of todays toys sym- 
bolize everything that proves 
detrimental to a child’s 
behavioural development," 
said Mr Jim Flanagan, exec- 
utive vice president of Wee 

of soft toys which go by names 
like Holy Cow, Mercy Mouse; 
Sanctified Skunk, Truthful 
Teddy and Boro Again Bonny. 
Most have a label sticbed to 

their chests giving notice of 

_ . -» 

Win Toys and Accessories, of the scriptural passage .in which 
Houston, winch manufactures their particular virtue is 



26 1 Weather 
18-20 1 W&te 


attractions for boys. Others 
include Action Moses and his 
arch enemy Pharaoh, Siroi®- 
man Samson and Delilah. 

for the same things the bad 
guys used to stand for when 
we were kids." For girls and 
smaller boys there is an array 


Wee Win fos bees an 
enormous success. In its first 
year Action Jesus and co 
brought in just over a million 
doHais worth of sales. 

Now the firm is expanding 
into board games. One, by the 
name of Generoaty, is based 
on “real-life issues like 
occupation, marriage, femfly, 
neighbours and attitudes". . 
The object of the game, the 
rules explain, is to “lay up 
treasure in heaven". Wee Win 
hopes there may be an earthly 

The Guardian Angel Bear 
complete with white wings. 

Saudis call for 
urgent Opec 
price meeting 

By David Yotmg. Energy Correspondent 

blow to 

■ By Our Air Correspondent 

A currency crisis in Nigeria 
is threat ening to send British 
Caledonian spiralling towaids 
a loss. 

The independent airline’s 
financial year ends today. And 
worried executives fear that 
when the accounts have been 
completed they wifl show that 
the Nigerian problem alone 
will have led to a slump in j 
revenue of between £10 and i 
£15 million. If this is carried 
forward into the final accounts j 
it could mean that BCAL nil! j 
have lost money for only the 
second time since the oil crisis ! 
of 1 973. i 

Much of the damage has ' 
been done in the test month. | 
off-setting encouraging signs | 
that business was picking up 

The new acting Oil Minister 
for Saudi Arabia, Mr Hisham 
Nazer, last night called for an 
urgent meeting of the price- 
fixing committee of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Committee. 

The minister, whose sudden 
replacement of the long-serv- 
ing Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Ya- 
mani sent oil markets into 
confusion yesterday , said the 
committee should start work 

According to the Saudi 
Press Agency, Mr Nazer said 
he had sent an urgent letter to 
Opec’s secretary-general pro- 
posing a meeting before “next 
month”. The next Islamic 
month starts on Sunday. 

As analysts considered the 
implications of the surpise 
change, oil prices moved 
erratically. The price of Brent, 
the most widely traded North 
Sea crude, fell at first on fears 
that Sheikh Yamani’s dis- 
missal could prompt a split in 

But prices later rallied, with 
Brent, for delivery in Decem- 
ber, cloang 30 cents higher at 

The pound weakened in 
early trading but strengthened 
again during the day on the 
back of a stronger dollar. It 
closed higher against most 
world currencies but fell 1.4 
cents against the dollar to 

In Paris, a senior Saudi 
Cabinet minister said the 
kingdom's policies would not 
change. The Interior Minister, 
Prince Nayef Ibn Abdulaziz, 
said: “There is no change in 
Saudi Arabia's policy. Our 
policies do not change when 
the personalities are 

The Oil Minister's replace- 
ment was “one of those things 
which happen in every coun- 
try in the world. There is 
nothing surprising in that," he 
insisted, adding that there was 
“no particular reason" for his 

Princr Nayef was speaking 
after hour-long talks with 
President Mitter rand, which 

Tremble no longer 28 
Leading article 21 

Urgent talks sought 27 
Exit Yamani 29 

concentrated on the Gulf War 
and bilateral relations which 
he described as “very strong 
and firm’. 

Sheikh Yamani had been 
the Oil Minister since 1962 
and was widely credited as the 
architect of Opec’s strategy. A 
royal decree gave no reason 
for his dismissal, nor any 
indication of his pennenani 

In Jakarta, the Indonesian 
Mines and Energy Minister 
Subroto, a former Opec presi- 
dent, said the u&facemeni of 
Sheikh Yamani would bring 
little change within Opec. 

He said world oil prices 
would rise to between $15 and 
$17 a barrel next year, and to 
$18 in 1988, in line with the 
targets set by Opec last week 
when it agreed to extend its 
ceiling on production. 

Opec members reconvene 
in early December to renew 
their wrangling on oil quotas 
and prices. The Saudis have 
made it clear they are unwill- 
ing to sec another temporary 
agreement on curbs and are 
likely to insist that output 
quotas are renegotiated. 

Rate hope chases 
up share prices 

The main problem is in 
Nigeria where no tickets are 
now befog sold in the local 
currency and jets are flying to 
ipndpn often more than halt 
empty. BCAL, like six other 1 
European airlines flying to i 
Lagos or Kano, has banned 
the sale of tickets in Nigerian j 
Naira because the currency j 
has stumped massively I 
against the pound and the I 
dollar but the Nigeria Govern- 
ment is refuting to allow them 
to increase their feres suf- 
ficiently to cover the feJL 

British Caledonian is now 
waiting to see what value the 
Nigerian Government will put 
on millions of pounds in 
currency it has already earned 
in Naira and is now anxiously 
waiting to get out of the 
country and into its British 
bank account. Whether the 
airline actually makes a loss, 
and how much it wifl be will 
depend largely on this figure 
and details will not be known 
for some weeks. 

In the meantim e the Inter- 
national Air Transport 
Association (IATA) is press- 
ing for concerted action to sort 
out the crisis which is affecting' 
every airline which flies to 
Nigeria. One, SAS, has already 
cancelled all flights to the 

Continued os page 26, col 7 

Spanish police 
shoot dead 
AA executive 

-Madrid — Mr Joe Rajiab, an 
Automobile Association exec- 
utive from Basingstoke, was 
shot dead by Spanish drug 
squad police sear Seville late 
on Wednesday night, police 
said yesterday 

Police claim that the detec- 
tives, looking for a suspicious 
vehicle with Cordoba licence 
plates, followed Mr Rspah, 
aged 46, as he drove with his 
daughter, aged, 12 , in rented 
car from Seville airport to- 
wards Cordoba. 

When the police stopped Mr 
Rajiah the car was locked and 
as they banged on the doors 
for him to open them one of 
the policemen's weapons went 
off “accidently” killing the 

Investors were chasing 
share, prices shandy higher 
around the world yesterday 
amid growing hopes that in- 
terest rates are set to fall. 

Tokyo started the ball roll- 
ing overnight with'lhe' Nikkei 
Dow Jones industrial average 
leaping a record 505.57 to 
17,010.5 with dealers con- 
vinced that the central bank of 
Japan is preparing to cut its 
dikotmt rate by % per cent to 
3 per cent today. 

This would late further 
pressure for an increase off 
British and American interest 

Dealers in London wel- 
comed the news from Tokyo 
and matted prices sharply 
higher, despite continuing 
problems with the Stock 
Exchange’s new computerized 
dealing system. There was 
selective support for leading 
shares, now referred to in City 
jargon as alpha stocks, thanks 
to a record set of third quarter 

profits from ICI. The FT 
mdex of top 30 shares finished 
1 1.9 up at 1,279.1. 

Even oil shares quickly 
recovered from toe news of 
the dismissal of Sheikh Ah- 
med Zaki Yamani, the Saudi 
oil minister. The Americans' 
were big buyers of BP with a 
total of 19 million shares, 
worth £125 million, being 

Share prices on Wall Street 
enjoyed a new lease of life 
helped by the piospect of 
cheaper money and further 
evidence that the 
American trade deficit is befog 
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The latest trade figures, 
showing a deficit of $12.56 
billion (£8.97 billion) for' 
September, is the second 
consecutive monthly fell, tak- 
ing the deficit to its lowest 
level since ApriL 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average opened 27 points up 
at 1,878.8. 

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Police hold three wagar 

Tory MPs fear Falklands policy split 

under terror Act 

Strathclyde police yesterday held three men under the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act in the latest hi a series of 
detentions which began last weekend and are li nk ed to 
Northern Ireland (Stewart Tendler writes). 

Since the first arrests on Sunday, police have held 27 
men, 10 of them from Northern Ireland. Six have been 
freed and one has appeared in cou r t charged with defying 
an exclusion order. He was fined £200 by a Glasgow coart 
mi Wednesday and sent bach to Northern Ireland . 

Yesterday police, given extensions under the Prevention 
of Terrorism Act, said they had arrested a man aged Mand 
a man aged 10. Later they announced they had also held a 
37-year-oM man. 

Rover workers agree 
£2 1 pay increase 

More than 26,000 hourly* conflicts over differentials be- 
paid workers at Austin Rover tween blue and white collar 
voted yesterday by 14,265 to employees. 

, 6,849 to accept a two-year pay _ . „ 

deal which will increase earn- Production workers at Cow- 
ing by £21 a week (Tim Jones by and Longbridge earn a 
writes). basic £139.30 and £30 a week 

As part of the deal, the the “ bonuses. In one year, the 
unions have agreed to con- basic will be £152.45 with 
sider a single graded wage bonuses of £1 7.50, giving an 
structure, which would defuse average rate of £169.95. 

Prince to 
be patron 

The Prince of Wales has 
agreed to be the United 
Kingdom patron of the 
European Year of the 
Environment (Eye), which 
begins next March. 

Mr W illiam WaMegr- 
ave. Minister for is® 

Environment, said the 
Prince's patronage would 
be welcomed throughout 
the EEC 

Sir Peter Harrop, chair- 
man of the UK Eye 
committee, said die cam- 
paign would concentrate on 
conservation and pollution. Mr William Waldegrave, 

Skye bridge planned 

The Isle of Skye will not be linked to the Scottish main- 
land by a £28-miilion tunnel, it was decided yesterday, in- 
stead the Highland Regional Council is to look into the 
possibilities of a road bridge costing £15 million. 

A feasibility study shows that there is economic 
justification for a 440-metre bridge from Eikan Ban, an is- 
let owned by the National Trust, bat conservationists may 
fence a pnbfic inquiry. 

Even with no increase in traffic the bridge would be jus- 
tified, the study said. Sixty-nine per cent of Skye's 9,000 
population is said to favour a bridge. 

Senior Conservative MPs 
are g rowing increasingly con- 
cerned about what they be- 
lieve is a growing division cm 
future Falklands policy be- 
tween two government 

Mr George Younger, Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, 
and Sir Geoffrey Howe, For- 
eign Secretary, are both likely 
to be invited to appear before' 
the defence select committee! 

to answer questions about Sir 
Geoffrey's announcement on 
Wednesday of a 1 50-mile 
fishing exclusion zone around 
the islands. 

Ostensibly the questioning 
would concern the prac- 
ticalities of policing tire zone, 
but MPs suspect that the 
announcement was motivated 
by Fbreign Office self-interest 
as wen as by a desire to 
conserve fish stocks. 

They believe a heightening 
of tension in Anglo- Argentine 

attacked on 
failure to 

By JQ1 Sherman 

A Commons committee has emergency ambulance was 
described one of the 815 called, but the wife was certi- 
complaints put to the health fled dead on arrival 
ombudsman in 1984-85 as “a The district general man- 
classic example of a series of ager t Mr Peter Griffiths, 
failures on tire part of staff in admitted that a “panned 
hospitals to communicate discharge under these drcum- 
with each other and with those stances is not easily ach- 

providing services outside the ieved”. 

committee reported 

The complaints were made that the hospital’s division of 
to Sir Henry Gothier, the medicine had changed its 

former Health Service Com- policy so that old, frail pa- 
missioner, during his last year dents who require support 

of office. 

services should not be dis* 

In its fourth report, the charged on a Thursday or 
Select Committee on the Par- Friday, 
liamentary Commissioner for In a similar case in South 
Administration said witnesses Sefton Health Authority, Mer- 
from Lewisham and South- seyside, a decision was taken 
warfc health authority in south to discharge a woman of 86 
London pointed om that who lived alone in spite of a 
66,000 patients a year were deterioration in her condition, 
discharged from hospitals in On her arrival home she could 
the district. The policy of neither eat, drink, stand norgo 
reducing hospital beds and to the lavatory. 

switching resources from hos- 

family doctor 

650 lose 
dairy jobs 

More than (SO Dairy 
Crest workers are to lose 
their jobs because of the 
company's modernization 
progamme and the reduced 
demand for Cheshire 

The Milk Marketing 
Board, which owns the 
company, said yesterday 
that np to 472 iff the job 
losses wifi be at its Elles- 
mere creamery in Shrop- 
shire and at Haslington in 
Cheshire. Production from 
both plants is being trans- 
ferred to Maelor in North 

strike off 

Staff who went on strike 
at the Courage brewery in 
Readipg, Berkshire, earlier 
this week voted yesterday 
to return to work. 

The 500 workers ended 
their strike after the direc- 
tors of Hanson Trust, 
which is selling the com- 
pany to Elders IXL, agreed 
to meet union leaders. 

The strike was called in 
protest at what the workers 
saw as an attanpt by 
Hanson Trust to siphon off 
an £83 million surplus in 
their pension fond. 

Housing in Britain 

pitals to the community sys- called who arranged an im- 
tem imposed a constant mediate admission to another 
pressure on staff hospital where she died a few 

"The result seems to be a days later. “We felt that this 
strong encouragement to dis- was a serious failure of 
charge patients as soon as imagination and initiative on 
possible,” the report said. the part of the hospital staff 
It cited the case of a woman particularly in the light of 
aged 68 who was discharged evidence that the lady was in 
from Lewisham Hospital on a an unstable condition,” the 
Friday evening, after being a committee said, 
patient for nine weeks, and The committee also noted 
died as she was readmitted to several complaints relating to 
hospital on the following unreasonable delays by doc- 

Monday morning. 

tors in attending patients. On 

On her return home, her one occasion in Sheffield, a 
husband, aged 78, was con- man with a terminal condition 

cerned about her condition, 
enlisted the help of neighbours 
and telephoned a member of 

was taken to hospital in acute, 

His wife complained that it I 

the nursing staff on the ward was three hours before a duty 

his wife had left. 

He struggled through Sat- 
urday in the belief that some- 
thing would be done and 
telephoned the ward again on 
Sunday. Another nurse told 
him his wife would be all right 
if she was given her medic- 

He told her she was too ill to 

doctor attended him and a 
night aster refused her request 
to call other doctors. The 
complaint was unheld by Sir 
Cedi Gothier, who said the 
“failure to provide basic medi- 
cal care was profoundly : 
disturbing - 

Fourth report from the Select 
Committee on the Par - 

ZZl- Jr? liamenlarv Commissioner for 

would see what she could do. 86;Reports on the Health Service 
On Monday the husband Commissioner for 1984-85 (Sta- 
called the family doctor, an ttoncry Office; £10.20). 

Frauds hit benefit system 

More than 80 per cent of 
local authorities race big diffi- 
culties administering housing 
benefit because of constant 
rule changes and fraudulent 
claims, according to a report 
published today. “Although 
some local authorities have 
now succeeded in getting on 
top of the problem, many are 
still experiencing significant 
difficulties in dealing with the 
level of fraud and abuse in 
housing benefits,” the report, 
Housing Benefits Ad- 
ministration: How to do it 
better , says. 

Because of complacency 
and lack of awareness, the 
report claims, some local 

By Michael Dynes 

authorities do not yet appre- 
ciate the underlying problems 
of fraud which may have left 
them “sitting on a volcano” of 
bousing benefit abuse. 

Local authorities, who pay 
an estimated £4.5 billion in 
housing benefit with admin- 
istrative costs of £150 million 
a year, have been the subject 
of growing concern about the 
spiralling costs and alleged 
abuse of the housing benefit 

In response to that concern, 
the Chartered Institute of 
Public Finance and Accoun- 
tancy. which produced the 
report, invited 176 of the 403 
local authorities in England 

and Wales to take pan in a 
survey designed to identify the 
main difficulties encountered 
in administering housing ben- 
efits. Of those invited , 149 
completed the detailed 

The survey showed that 
122, or 82 per cent of the 
respondents had problems in 
administering housing bene- 
fits because of constant rule 
changes, deliberate fraud and 
abuse by claimants, difficulty 
with computer systems and 
inadequate levels of staffing. 

The report makes 23 recom- 
mendations, designed to im- . 
prove the administration of | 
the housing benefit system, I 

Provide homes to rent says Patten 

By Christopher Warman Property Correspondent 

The next challenge in hors- 
ing is to tackle the deep-seated 
problems of rented housing. 
Mr John Patten, Minister for 
Housing, Urban Affairs and 
Construction, said yesterday. 

The public sector amid not 
provide an adequate supply of 
good quality rented lousi j*, 
he told a conference organised 
by the British Property 
Federation in Brighton. 

“Private investment Is need- 
ed and if rented boosing is 
again to become attractive to 
private investors it most pro- 

vide them with a reasonable 

Mr Patten said the Govern- 
ment had provided the dimate 
in which a commercial retain 
could be found in housing, and 
the revival of the rented sector 
could be achieved if private 
investors and developers took 
advantage of the new opportu- 
nities soon to be opened by the 
Building Societies Ac t and the 
Housing and Planning BDL 

Under the act, societies wiD 
he able to own residential land 

and buildings as commercial 
assets, enabling them to invest 
in shared ownership or rented 
boosing either directly or 
throoph lending to boosing 

“For years people have said 
that it was impossible to make 
money oat of rented housing. 
We are changing that- For 
years shared ownership has 
been the preserve of local 
authorities and pnbfidy fun- 
ded housing associations. We 
are t'hanfnng that.” 





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Viewing one hour prior to auction 

A. WELLESLEY BWSC0E & PAflTNBfi STREEl LQS00H W1. TH. 01-483 4579. 


right to 
shoot dog 

By Ian Smith 

The right of fanners to 
shoot dogs worrying their 
sheep .was upheld by mag- 
istrates yesterdayin a test 
court case monitored by the 
National Farmers Union and 
Animal Liberation Front 

Had the decision gone the 
other way, farmers would 
have been powerless to pre- 
vent a dramatic upsurge in the 
10,000 attacks on livestock 
each year, said the NFU. 

A court in Todmorden, , 
West Yorkshire, was told that , 
Mr Robert Walker,aged 40, a ; 
magistrate, shot two pet dogs 
he thought were about to ! 
attack his flock of 14 sheep i 
and 17 lambs on his 

He buried the dogs in the 
garden at his home at Bog Eggs 
Farm, Wadsworth, Hebden 
Bridge. West Yorkshire, and 
next day rang the police. 

He was later charged him 
under Section 1 of the Crim- 
inal Damages Act 1971. The 
two dogs, cross bull terriers 
aged about 20 months, wens 
spotted playing in the same 
field as the sheep by Mr 
William Hart, a neighbour, 
who immediately rang the 
magistrate to tell him they 
were not dangerous. 

But as he was in the middle 
of his call, he heard the 
telephone being dropped and 
seconds later he heard four 

Since the incident Mr 
Walker, a computer consul- 
tant has had obscene graffiti 
daubed on his wall by Animal 
Liberation campaigners who 
failed to materialize outside 
the court yesterday after warn- 
ing of a mass picket. 

Threatening letters have 
also been sent to his home. 

Mr Walker was found not 
guilty and awarded costs. 

relations will strengthen the 
hand of the Foreign Office, 
which is determined to main- 
tain a strong garrison in the 
Falklands. Mr Younger, by 
contrast is under considerable 
pressure to reduce the ganison 
in order to alleviate an already 
overstretched defence budget 
The wording of Sir Geof- 
frey's statement which repeat- 
edly condemned Argentine 
aggression and intransigence, 
was seen as unchar- 
acteristically strong, and cer- 

tainly provoked an angry 
response from Buenos Aires. 

MPs are also extremely 
sceptical about Sir Geoffrey's 
assurance that two fisheries 
protection vessels and one 
surveillance aircraft would be 
adequate to police such a huge 
expanse of water. 

Sir Geoffrey emphasized 
that this limit ed force would 
be backed up by military 
intervention if necessary. 

In June the defence select 

committee produced a report 
claimin g that this ycsfs £16,4 
billion defence budget would 
be reduced by 4.5 per cent m 
real terms by 1989iiFaBdands 
expenditure was excluded, 
and by 6.6 per cent if that 
expenditure was included. 

The report concluded that 
cuts or delays would not be 
avoided by better manage- 
ment alone, and said that 
“there is a risk of an adverse 
effect on operational capa- 

Knowsley North 

b y-election 

a hero as * 
estate plan 
takes off 

By Richard Evans 

Alice in Wonderland, A search 
for the girl who starred in a 
BBC television production of 
the story 20 years ago ended 
yesterday when an alert reader 
of The Times recognized a 
photograph (right) of the miss- 
ing actress (Garin Bell writes). 

Miss Anne-Marie Mallik is 
now Mrs Hoxstep, and 34, 
the wife of a Royal Navy 
t Jentenaat-Gnmna nder 
mother of four children. She 
lives in Southsea. Hampshire. 

The BBC had been looking 
for “Alice” to give her a fee for 
repeating the programme next 
Sunday drarisg its fiftwrti an- 

Mrs Huxstep emerged from 
behind the looking glass yes- 
terday rather amused, partict 
forty since she had never 
wished to pnrsne an acting 
career. “It was just a one-off 
thiwg - 1 didn’t actually think I 
was very good at it so I went 
into banking instead." 

Protesters face law threat 

Anti-nudear protesters who 
yesterday breached a High 
Court injunction which bus 
them from obstructing test 
drilling at a proposed nuclear 
waste dump in Bedfordshire 
could face court action. 

Nirex, the Government’s 
nuclear waste agency, said it is 
considering moves to ensure 
the demonstrators obeyed the 
court order. 

In a dawn raid yesterday, 
five anti-nuclear protesters 
chained themselves to drilling 
rigs and two gates leading to 
the main excavation area at 
the Elstow site. 

Another 20 protesters, 
members of the group, 
Bedfordshire Against Nuclear 
Dumping, also gained access 

By Trndi McIntosh 

to the dump and formed a 
human blockade in front of 
one of the excavation area's 

Within hours contractors, 
employed by Nirex, had cut 
through the protesters’ chains 
and padlocks with bolt cutters 
and broken through the hu- 
man blockade, which sealed 
off the excavation compound. 

A Nirex spokeswoman said 
the demonstration had “bla- 
tantly breached” the terms of 
die High Court injunction. 

“We will be taking action 
against the individual pro- 
testers to make sure they 
comply with the iqjunctkm,” 
she said. 

Mrs Mieke Hinchliffe- 
Wood, a spokeswoman for the 

protesters, said the "surprise 
demonstration” was aimed to 
delay test drifting and show 
Nirex that the Bedfordshire 
people had not given up their 

“We will keep up a policy of j 
non-violent, unexpected j 
tactics,” Mrs Hinchliffe-Wood 
of Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, 

Mr Jim Ekfridge^ a teacher 
from Dunstable, Bedford- 
shire, who chained himself to 
a compound gate for two and a 
half hours, said he will wait to 
see whether Nirex resorts to 
court action. 

Mr Eldridge and Mrs 
Hinchliffe-Wood are among 
16 people named in the 

Mr Michael Hesd&M jjjnt 
back to MersCTside yesterday 
five years after the Pn me 
Minister gave him special 

responsibility for ifonBJ- 

ana found himself treated 
like a returning hero. 

Even before the 
Cabinet minister reached 
Knowsley to support Mr 
Roger Brown, the Conser- 
vative candidate in the form- 
coming by-election, the 
Alliance and Labour camps 
openly acknowledged the 
charismatic polracan s efforts 
to revitalize the area. 

But it was when he stepped 
from his chauffeur-driven Jag- 
uar in an estate once known. as 
Cannibal Farm because of its 
notorious record Of crime ana 
vandalism that the strength of 
genuine appreciation for his 
efforts as Minis ter for 
Merseyside became apparent. 

Housewives repeatedly 
s to pped to tefl him of the 
improvements that had occ- 
urred since he masterminded 
the £30 million scheme 

When the Stockbridge vil- 
lage project is completed 20- 
storcy-hugh tower blocks, now 
empty and vandalized, will be 
replaced by thousands of 

After his hour Mr Heseitine 
said: "When I first came here 
this was one of the most 
despairing of urban fringe, no- 
go council estates. It had very 
forge areas of empty property 
and an atmosphere which 

Bank, the Abbey National 
Building Society and the local 
authority got together there 
was new hope and life there. 

Earlier Mr Jack Straw, a 
Labour Environment spokes- 
man who is " minde r” for the 
Labour candidate, said Mr 
Heseitine had been genuinely 
concerned about Merseyside's 
problems and had wanted to 
do something about them. 

Miss Rosemary Cooper, the 
Liberal candidate said the 
former Cabinet Minister's 
ideas had been extremely 
benefidaL "He has been the 
only person in the Tory party 
who has made any effort to 
recognize that the people here 
need help and if they get help 
they will be able to stand on 
then* own two feet and fight 

Miss Cooper who attempts 
to overcome deficiencies in 
explaining her party's policy 
by repeatedly concentrating 
on the local influence of 
Militant, invited journalists to 
the Kirkby unemployed centre 
which she daimed was the 
Trotskyist organisation's local 

She complained that money 
supplied by Kncvwdey council 
to fund the centre would be 
better used in helping to create 
400 jobs. 



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Eliots. So a* « Jisr 

Jeweller robbed in riot 
loses court action over 
police ‘no-go’ areas 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 


)Mfc NfcW! 

■ ^ whowas robbed Mr t ew y titepoKo - 

is tne Toxtetb riots lost bis ins policy in the “Toxteth 
c^min tbe Coint of Appeal Trian^e”, an area of two- 
y^wuty that Merseyside’s thirds of a square mile, was 
Lm« Constable had created based entirely on foot patrols, 
an unlawful no go” area in providing a safe haven for 
the not zone _ which was a criminals and was be- 
h^en for criminals. fjmy jt breached the Chief 

Sir John Donaldson, Master Constable’s duty to keep the 
o f the Rolls, and two other peace, detect ftrnwft and bring 
appeal judges dismissed his criminals to justice, 
case over tte controversial The poHcmg methods were 
root patrols” used in Mer- brought in by Mr Oxford in 
seyade, saying there was no the light of the 1981 Scannan 
evidence that Chief Constable report on the Brixton dis- 
^enneth Oxford had foiled to orders. He set up a special 
dxsoiaige his duty. section based on foot patrols 

it IS not fin the courts to with a grpsri^r ran/^ntrgirtrtn f)f 
review his choice of methods, police strength th»n jn any 
providing that he does not other part of the force area. 
excee d the limits of his dis- Tr affic division y«d o p era- 
cretion which in my judge- tional support division pmnds 
mentis the position in this were excluded from routinely 

by some officers of the 
Merseyside force who were 
criticized by the judge. 

It was not to be expected 
that all officers would agree 
with the policy, he said, but he 
would have hoped that “their 

cause it bleached the Chief loyalty to foe force” would 
Constable’s duty to keep foe have them to hesitate 

peace, detect crime ami bring 
criminals to justice. 

The potiemg methods were 
brought in by Mr Oxford in 
the hght of foe 1981 Scannan 
report on foe Brixton dis- 
orders. He set up a special 
section based on foot patrols 

before e xpr essing their views 

Orief constables bad foe 
widest posable discretion in 
foeir choice otf methods. “Any. 
police officer who finds that 
his chosen^ policing methods 
are ineffective will be under a 

case. patr olling the area a nd 

The jewellery dealer, Mr ^outside” officers had to ob- 
Lawrence Levey, of Hate VO- tain pe rmission to enter and 
lage, Cheshire, was robbed of were usually accompanied by 
£40,000 in Augnst 198S when officers of the section, 
three masked men smashed a “This policy has been re- 
window of his car parked in viewed from time to time mid 
Wavertree Road, Liverpool, was thought by foe Chief 
and stole his briefcase. Constable to have been 

Police gave chase but met . successful in reducing ten- 
with 50 youths armed with aoas in the area, preventing 
iron bars, stones, brides and disorder and reducing 
pieces of railing who were crime,”Sir John Donaldson 
Hocking Granby Street The said. 

police driver was ordered by 
radio to withdraw. 

with a greater concentration of duty to re-examine thftm and 
police strength than in any ^ yioAr where any, and if so 
other rail of foe force area. what, alteration is required.” 

_ Traffic division and opera- But one incident or several 
tfonal support division patrols would not necessarily be a 
were excluded from routinely sound basis for such a re- 
pairoffing the area and examination or ebang p, he 
“outside” officers had to ob- said, 
tain permission to enter and Mr Oxford yesterday wel- 
were usually accompanied by coined the ruling as vindicat- 1 
officers of foe section. ing his policing policy in 1 

“Thus policy has been re- Toxteth. “The rlaim that i 
viewed from time to time and Taxtefo is a no-go area is not 
was thought by foe Chief only unfair to residents but 
Constable to have been also to the police officers- who | 
successful in reducing ten- patrol there,” he said. 
sions in the area, preventing “The incidence of crime, j 
disorder and reducing foe number of arrests and the 
crime,”Sir John Donaldson execution of warrants are ; 
said. sufficient evidence that 

Mr Levey’s case rdkd cm 
unofficially expressed views 

Toxteth is being policed pos- 
itively and sensitively.” 

Keighley Barton murder 

‘Depraved* stepfather jailed 

Christmas tree boom 
after the wet weather 

Ronald Barton was jailed 
for life yesterday with a 
recommendation he serves at 
least 25 years, for foe abduc- 
tion and murder of his step- 
daughter, Keighley, aged 14. 
Her body has never been 

Passing sentence at the Cen- 
tral Criminal Court, Mr Jus- 
tice Turner said: “There is no 
question you are an evil, 
cynical and depraved man 
from whom society — includ- 
ing your wife and family — are 
entitled and wifi be 
protected for many years.” 

After foe jury found him 
guilty, the court was told that 
Barton, a minirah driver, had 
eight previous convictions for 
indecent assaults mi girls and 
women aged between 14 and 
21, and a conviction fin* gross 
indecency with Keighley when " 
she was nine. 

The judge told Barton, aged 
46, that he was satisfied that 
for many years he sexually 
abused the girL 

Barton, ofMildenhall Road, 
Clapton, east London, not 
only sexually debased the girt 
but was prepared “to commit 
the ultimate crime of murder 
against that poor gill in an 
effort to avoid foe punishment 
that awaited you,” the judge 

It was also, he said, a means 
of getting at his wife. The 
jury’s verdicts showed that it 
was Barton’s mind behind two 
letters the girl wrote after she 
was abducted. In one to her 
mother foe described her as 
selfish and greedy. But, the 
judge said, it was Barton who 
was selfish and greedy. 

The jury was sent out to 
consider its verdicts on 
Wednesday and spent the 
night in a hotel Bart on w as 
found guilty on both counts by 
a 10-2 majority. 

The girl dis a ppe a red in 
August last year while taking 
foe family dog for a walk near 
her home in Sebert Road, 
Forest Gate, east London. 

• • .£ v *}r'* ~ 

Ronald Barton aid his stepdaughter, Kecgfcley. 

■ M ) 1 ■■ ■ 

Long history of sexual 

abuse on young girl 

Fair-hahed Keighley Bar- indecency with her at ame. - 
ton disappeared while walking la 1982 and again in 1984, 
the fiunfiy ateatiau, Rex, oae Keighley made smnbr cob- 
rainy Saturday ranramg ia plaints that he had sexaaDy 
Angast 1985. The dog re- assaulted her. But at the last 
turned alone. She ms never minute she withdrew foe 
sees again. allegations before they 

. Her step&ther, Ronald Bar- readied' court The presen- 
ted ms alleged to have told tion claimed this was as a 
pofice he hated Ms wife, result of Barton’s threats. 
Theresa, and said: “She took After foe 1984 allegations 
my boys (his two sons) away foe girl went into care and 
from me so I took her girl. fivedataduldrea’shoine.She 
Now she can softer.! hate her., etat back to her mother and 
She has rimed my Me.” brothers m Sebert R o od , For- 

There was also evidence est Gate, after &nrtan had 
that while awaiting trial foe moved out to a flat hi Clapton, 
blonde, pale-faced minicab Soon afterwards she made 
driver told a fefiow prisoner another sex a l l e ga ti o n against 
that Keighley would never be Mm. 

seen afire agate. He west on to On that occasion, Mr Mi- 

say be had put her body in his chael Wonky, QC, far foe 
car and put it through a prosecution, said foe gfrfs 
crusher. mother took oat a court order 

Keighley and her mother banning her husband from 
went to fire with Barton whoa within a quarter of a nnle nf 
she was five-months old. He foe family home. That made it 
started interiferiag with her math more diffiodt for him to 
when she was eight, sad he sfieace her and he feafired he 
admitted an act of gross faced ja£L 

indecency with her at nine. 

In 1982 and again in 1984, . 
Keighley made similar coot- 1 
plaints font he had sexnaDy 
assaulted her. Bat at the last, 
minute she withdrew foe; 
allegations before they 
readied' court The prosecu- 
tion daimed fins was as a 
result of Barton's threats. 

After foe 1984 allegations 
foe girl went into care and 
Bred at a children’s home. She 
mrt back to her mother and 
brothers m Sebert R o ad , For- 
est Gate, after Barton had 
moved out to a flat to Clapton. 
Soon afterwards she made 
another sex a lle ga ti o n against 

On that occafom, Mr Mi- 
chael Worsky, QC, tor foe 
prosecution, said foe gfefs 
mother took oat a court order 
banning her hashand from 

Britain's wet weather and 
weak pond mean die Christ- 
mas fairy wffl be perched on 
top of more British Christmas 
trees this year, it was ria fined 

The wet weather has helped 
foe trees grow to first-dass 
condition in time for foe festive 
season and foe weakening 
pond is fendteg off ch e a p 
foreign imports. 

Among the more masnal 
types of British tree available 
this year wiU be one guar- 
anteed not to drop its needles 
on foe firing room floor, bnt it 
J costs £25 — three times as 
mnefa as a normal tree. 

• With just 47 shopping days 
left before Christmas, foe big 
London stores are gearing 
fotemefvrs. for bumper sales 
as the retail trade, particularly 
in games and toys, looks set to 
rise by at least 8 per cent in 
mine this year, accerdteg to 


found in 

A mail bag containing thou- 
sands of pounds has been 
found near Derby by a wood- 
cutter clearing trees on the 
Radbounie Hall estate, c 

Mr Philip Stubbs, of Lam- 
bert Road, Uttoxeter, Staf- 
fordshire, handed pofice 
registered envelopes he be- 
lieves contained between 
£40,000 and £60,000. He. 
hopes the Post Office will 
reward him. 

Mr Keith Jones, Derby’s 
acting head postmaster, would 
not say how much cash was in 
the bag, which disappeared in 
London on September 3. 

Soccer fan is 

industry expe rts (AngeUt I 
Johnson writes). ' 

Santa Ores, oae of foe Mg j 
crowd pullers, has already I 
moved into Sdfridges ia Ox- 
ford Street Yesterday he ar- 
rived at Hamfeys to Regent 
Street, Britain's biggest toy 
shop, and began doing brisk 
hwtow, taking orders for 
C ri sti nas s tockin g s . 

On foe seedier side of 
Christmas (rode, con s umer 
watchdogs to Birmingham, 
have smashed a £1 mUfiou toy 
frand which would have left 
thousands of children with 
incomplete Lego building 
hocks kits. 

Officers from foe dtfs 
ip a amn i j services de p a rtm en t 
discovered 1JNM boxes of 
cooBtcxfeit kits when they 
raided a warehouse. Hie 
of £20 Lego boxes 
contented only between 12 and 
20 foke bricks. “Not enough to 
bn3d anythi ng , ” one offyvr 

— M. 

Care of mentally 
ill is criticized 

By JiD Sherman 

The Government must 
spend £1 billion on services 
for the mentally in if it is to 
prev en t its community care 
policy turning into the Biggest 
health disaster this century. 
Mind, the mental health 

An extra £500 million is 
needed to improve basic 
health and social services 
provision and a similar sum to 
provide bridging loans so that 
community services can be 
built up before institutions 

association, claimed yes- dose. Mind says, 

The Government’s policy of Launching Mind's report, 

transferring people from large When the Talking has to Stop, 
psychiatric institutions to the Mr Heginbotham called for all 
communit y was Utile more main psychiatric hospitals to 
than rhetoric, Mr Christopher dose by the year 2000. 
Hegfobotham, the director of ^ 

Mind, said. Today the 800-bed 

“The Government is dos- Banstead hospital in Snrrey 

ing mental hospitals but foil- .officially doses but in its 
ing to provide adequate report MIND argnes that the 

!_ ■ — mtiontc an— mnf4« hniis 

services in the community ” 
he mid. People were decanted 
homeless into the streets, ex- 
ported to board and lodging 

patients are merely bong 
transferred from one institu- 
tion to another because the 
health authority has had re- 

houses in seaside resorts, or sufficient funds to provide an 
transferred to other inst- adequate co mmuni ty based 
itutions. service. 

—^oid — 
Four more 
share the 
good luck 

Four readers share 
yesterday’s Portfolio Gold 
prize of £4,000. 

Mr David Marshall, aged 
33, a personnel officer from 
Bishop’s Stanford, Hertford- 
shire, has played foe Portfolio 
Gold game since it started. 

“I coold not believe my luck. 
I an very happy,” he said. 

Mr Marshall said his prize 
money would go towards bay- 
ing a new car. 

Mr William Wood, aged 60, 
a semi-retired laboratory tech- 
nician from Bebington, 
Wfrnl, said he was “nu top of 
foe world”. 

Mr Wood said he intended 
to invest his winnings. 

The other winners are Mr 
David MacEUuuman, aged 41, 
a chartered surrey or from 
Stourbridge, West Midlands, 
and Miss P. Painter from 
north London. 

Readers who wish to {day 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold. 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BBl 6AJ. 

Vicar died 
of heart 

The Rev Jan Kims, aged 53, 
formerly vicar of St MichneTs 
and All Angels, HoLU who died 
in Ms cell at Hall Prison last 
Sndaywhfleawildng trial for 
alleged sexual offences with 
children, suffered a heart at- 
tack, a Hull inquest was told 

Mr Trevor Green, the 
Humberside coroner, said af- 
ter reading foe report of Dr S 
Siva, the Home Office path- 
ologist who carried out the 
post-mortem examination, 
that Mr Knos’s death ap- 
peared to have been a natural 

As Mr Knos died in prison, 
the. coroner said an inquest 
must held, with a jury. 

After hearing formal ev- 
idence of identification he 
issued a certificate for crema- 
tion and adjourned the hearing 
to a date, to be fixed. 



m anonymity of prostitutes. 

I f f * Also in The Spectator 

m ■ W S f ■ m this week, Paul Johnson 

examines the strange 

Damnng uer bbsusud hum i , . • *1 

withia a qrorterrfa nrik rf Sdlt tO jail 

llm fanihi hnmn Hmt moiL> St I • 

the family home. That made it 
ranch more difficult for him to 
sfience her and he reafized he 
faced jaiL 

Boots launch Ban sought on 
£100m child shop sales 
store chain of fireworks 

■ By Keith Hindky 

A chain of 30 stores for 
children is to be launched at a 

total cost of £100 million by 

Boots the Chemist next year. 

The new stores, which will 
trade under the name, Chil- 
dren’s World, are being 
launched after lengthy re- 
search by Boots into shopping 
for the young. 

Stocks will include mater- 
nity and baby goods, shoes, 
clothing, toys, games, books 
and nursery furniture, with 
separate clothes, shoe and 
hairdressing shops incorpo- 
rated in each store. 

Mr Ron Glaister, Children’s 
World director of marketing, 
said: “We will ofifer everything 
under one root Our mam 
attraction will be catounui. 
Stylish, quality children’s 
clothes at affordable prices. 

The first three stores wiU 
open next spring in Dudley, 
West Midlands, CricHewood, 
north London, and Leicester. 

The National Campaign for - , 

Firework Reform called yes- 
terday for a ban cm the sale of The Got 
fireworks in shops. ing £400,0 

Mr Nod Town, director of to combat 
the campaign, also pr oposed a nal abuse, 
licensing scheme for firework towards tv 
displays anti professional fra* profess 
training for organizers. phone coir 

Last war 968 people, The tra 
mostly children and tee n age r s, being set 
were taken to hospital with ment of F 
firework injuries, 25 per cent cfoeatthe 
more than the previous year. Children, 
“Parents are desperate for Street, am 
the law to be changed so that Children's 
children can no longer buy Two tel 
fireworks from local shops,” bundled b 
Mr Tobin said- receive fi 

He said that firework safety launched 
laws had changed only once BBC Chile 
since 1875, when the legal age wifi get 
for buying fireworks was Yorkstrire- 
raised from 13 to 16 in 1976. fine, Tcrad 
• The Association of Optical National 
! practitioners warned yes- will recervi 
today that lighted fireworks Mr Not 
should not be thrown. A rotary of 
sp okwangq said it was an Services, 
offence to discharge fireworks ventures w 
in a street or public place. rues of 

£400,000 to 
combat child 
sexual abuse 

By JiD Sherman 

Trevor Saxon was jailed for 
three months by Highbury 
magistrates in north London 
yesterday and warned that the 
country will not tolerate foot- 
ball hooliganism. 

Saxon, aged 25. a 
warehouseman, of Acacia 
Road, Wood Green, north 
London, who had a string of 
previous convictions, had 
been inciting Arsenal support- 
ers and lashing out with his 
1 fists at the game against 
Tottenham Hotspur at 
Highbury on September 6. He 
had denied threatening 

dies in fall 

A staff sergeant who 
plunged 20,000 feet to his 
death doting a parachute ex- 

The Government is provid- h5ts at me gone against 
ing £400,000 over three years Tottenham Hotspur at 
to combat growing child sex- Hiriibmy on Septmbor 6. He 
nal abuse. The money will go had denied threatening 
towards two training projects behavmun 

phcSe^^^^fong sendees. Parachutist 

•fiTJStSfW dies in fall 

S®* A staff sonant who 

ome at the Hospital forSick plnnged 20,000 feet to his 

death dating a parachute ex- 
Street’ and a* the National erase over Salisbury Plain left 

it too late to operate his 
. Two telep hone hdp taKS reserve parachute, an inquest 
launched tastweek sme also to ^ Devizes, wiltriure, was told 
receive funding. ChiMlm e, yestgnJay 
jauoAed last night, by the 7 A verdict of death by mis- 

B tF adventure was recorded on 

will get £50,000 and the sergeant James Druffl- 
Yoiksinro-based cmeroncy m0 nd, awd 33, of 264 Squad- 
hue, To n chime , set up by the Co*ps of Signals. 

National Children’s Home, ^ 

will receive £53^00. 

Mr Norman Fowler. Sec- V 
rotary of State for Social TheMCisto laundianew 
Services, v ifr “These are children’s tekrvmou service 
ventures which offer new ave- on Sunday mornings, starting 
n)w»c of help to children on November 9. 

Blandford spent £20,000 on drugs 

Lord Blandford was ar- 
rested in a long-running police 
drugs operation, code- named 
**Davina’\ Knightsbridge 
Crown Court, west London, 
was told yesterday. 

Mr Anthony Glass, QG 
counsel for the prosecution, 
said that Lord Blandford, aged 
30, an unemployed insurance 

broker, was so addicted to the 

drug that be spent £20,000 in 

three months on half a kilo- He sard that nannies after 
gram for his own use. Lord BtandfonFs arrest, Law- 

Mr Glass said that Lord rence Zephyr, who has been 

He said that minutes after Lower Soane Square, Chd- 
LonJ BtandfonFs arrest, Law- aea, west London, who in tnm 

Blandford, who has admitted found guilty of seven drugs 
possessing the cocaine be- andfireanns offences, amved 
tween September and Decern- at the premises with cocaine 
ber last year, was arrested on worth £2300 under his haL 
December 13 below a mens- . . ~ ., ... ^ 

wear shop in Edgware Road, 
north-west London, which 
had been under surveillance the ^encknts, 

the defendants, George Yian- Lord Blandfonl is expected 

supplied Lord Blandford. . 

Zephyr, aged 53, of Ash- 
more Road, Mai da Vale, west 
London, is expected to be 
sentenced today, along with 
four other people arrested in 

nakakis, aged 34, a company to be sentenced next Thors- 
^ *"85 squad fOT GreecCof day. Hk bearing comtaiKs. 

Simon and Miranda are 
lovers. Simon is a foreign 
exchange broker, Miranda a 
Eurobond dealer. They work 
twelve hours a day and man- 
age to meet only twice a week. 

In this weeks Spectator, 
Nicholas Coleridge looks at 
a new generation of lovers 
whose long days in front of 
flickering computer screens 
leave them too tired for the 
pleasures of the night 

For them, sex has become 
just another leisure activity. 

Although monogomous 
and long-standing, their 
relationships survive out of 
convenience. And if they 
break down, Coleridge reveals 
that more often men under 
pressure are turning to the 

anonymity of prostitutes. 
^ Also in The Spectator 
^ this week, Paul Johnson 
* examines the strange 
behaviour of the press in the 
Jeffrey Archer case. 

Charles Glass looks into 
whether the evidence of 
Syrian government involve- 
ment in the Hindawi bomb 
plot really stands up, and 
Digby Anderson supports 
family fireworks against the 
dreary community displays 
recommended by the new 
Minister for Fireworks. 

And Byron Rogers dis- 
covers from a new book by 
Caitlin Thomas that her 
husband Dylan never once 
spent an evening at home. 

Spend an evening alone 
with The Spectator - for only 
a pound. 

some tune. 

q.c /1 s- aicaass'j : -c je con 

OBER 31 1986 

Teachers’ pay • Farmers’ fury 

Burnham to 
go under 
Baker plan 
for schools 

“ The Burnham Committee of 
~ teachers' and local authorities' 

- representatives who negotiate 
” teachers pay and conditions is to 

be abolished and replaced with 
new negotiating machinery, Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
s State for Education, announced 
4 in a statement to the Commons 

He said that over the past few 
years it had become widely 
accepted that the existing nego- 

* bating machinery should be 
L replaced. 

* He also confirmed that teach- 
' ers were to be offered a two- 
‘ stage pay rise of 16.4 per cent. 

provided certain conditions, 
; such as covering for absent 

- colleagues, were met 

“ Mr Baker, in his statement, said 
that he was writing today to the 
? chairman of the Burnham 
> Committee’s management 

’ 6 New resources 

* only when two 

i conditions are met 9 

k — m ^ ^ mm w—m 

r panel explaining the additional 
v resources the Government was 
7 willing to make available for 
teachers' pay in England and 
Wales and spelling out its 
c conditions for releasing those 

- He went on: The Government 
will make additional resources 
available only when two very 
important conditions are deliv- 

“ ered. 

First, there must be a pay 
structure with differentials 
which reflect the varying 
responsibilities of teachers and 
the need to recruit, retain and 
motivate teachers throughout 
the school system and at all 
stages of tbeir careers. The pay 
structure envisaged at the Cov- 
entry meeting in July does not 
meet this condition. 

A structure more in line with 
the recommendations in the 
Main committee's report [on 
Scotland] is necessary, and I 
have set out such a structure in 
the letter. All teachers will 
receive higher pay. more than 
half of them on promoted posts 
reflecting varying responsibil- 
ities. The crucial importance of 
head teachers, who carry the 
biggest responsibilities, will be 

The second condition js that 
teachers’ professional duties 
must be more sharply defined 
and clarified leaving no room 
for ambiguity about their duties 
and this must be carried through 
into enforceable contracts of 

Contracts and conditions of 
service must be brought into 
line with the 19 points under 
discussion at the Coventry 
meeting. In particular, school- 
teachers should be under an 
express contract ural obligation 
to cover for absent colleagues, 
and to be available to work at 
the direction of head teachers 
for 1300 hours over 195 days 
each year. All of this is set out in 
more detail in the letter. 

In return for delivery of these 
conditions, teachers' pay would 
be increased in two instalments. 
The first instalment would in- 
crease average schoolt e achers' 
pay by 83 per cent from January 
1, 1987, and the second instal- 
ment would be a further 83 per 
cent from October 1, 1987. 

These two instalments would 
cover the foil percentage in- 
crease in average 
schoolteachers' pay implied by 
the Main committee's recom- 
mendations. This would settle 
teachers’ pay for 1986-87 and 
1987-88. The increase of 8.2 per 
cent from January 1 means that 
teachers’ pay will have increased 
by over 16 percent since March 
this year. 

Teachers win have had an 
average 25 per cent increase 
over the two years to October 
1987. This means that a good 

6 There must be no 
ambiguity about 
teachers’ duties 9 

honours graduate in his third 
year would receive after two 
years’ teaching £ 10 , 000 , an in- 
crease of about 20 percent Tbe 
head of the largest comprehen- 
sive would get an increase from 
£26,250 to £30300. 

I want to emphasize that these 
increases are ooly justified by 
the fundamental change in the. 
terms, conditions and structure 
of the service which must 
accompany them. 

If, and only if. these con- 
ditions are met is the Govern- 

ment prepared to add £118 
million in 1986-87 and £490 
million in 1987-88 to planned 
expenditure on education m 
England and Wales. Education 
grant-related expenditures 
(GREs) would be increased 

Block grants to local educa- 
tion authorities would be in- 
creased by £56 million in 1986- 
87 and £200 million in 1987-88. 
The cost of these increases 
would have to be shared by 
taxpayers and ratepayer. We 
estimate that rates would in- 
crease by between 2 per cent and 
4 per cent compared with the 
decisions that local authorities 
would otherwise have taken. 

I hope that the meeting at 
Nottingham will accept the 
position I have outlined. I look 
to the employers and unions to 
act quickly and positively. 

I must make it dear that the 
matter must now be resolved on 
all the terms and conditions I 
have set out. The Government 
will not be p rep are d to amend 
them further, or to make any 
additional resources available. 

Over the past few years it has 
become widely aocepeted that 
the present negotiating machin- 
ery should be replaced. 

The Government therefore 
intends to repeal the Remunera- 
tion of Teachers Act and to 
bring forward proposals to this 
House for new machinery which 
will involve an interim commit- 
tee to advise the Secretary of 
State on conditions of service 
and distribution of pay within 
the resources available 
Mr Giles Radkc. chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on education, 
said that parents would want to 
know why, if money was now 
available for teachers* pay, it 
had not been available two years 
earlier. All the disruption, tur- 
moil and /tamagp* of the pro- 
longed dispute could have been 
avoided if the Government had 
come up with that kind of 
money in 1984. 

"Perhaps the most important 
question of all is: will today's 
announcement improve the 
chances of a settlement next 
week at Nottingham, or make it 

Mr Baker said he rejected the 
idea that a settlement would 
have come about two years ago. 
Continued meetings had foiled 
to produce a settlement and 

6 Teachers and 
parents sick to death 

of dispute 9 

during those two years there had 
been disruption in schools. Chil- 
dren were entitled to uninter- 
rupted education. 

How would teaching stan- 
dards and quality in the class- 
room be improved? The 
proposals provided five rates of 
allowance to be added to the 
scale salary, ranging from £900 
to £4,800, and these recognized 
the quality of leaching in the 
.classroom. Most secondary 
teachers could go to an upper 
level, if they were worth it. of 
£16300 or£17,500. 

On the question of the elev- 
enth hour, Mr Baker said he had 
been accused by Mr Radice last 
week of dithering. 

"Now he accuses me of being 
provocative. Is it provocative to 
announce the Government is 
prepared to make funds avail- 
able on a substantial scale for 

Mr Alan Beith (Berwick-upon- 
Tweed. L) said that most teach- 
ers and parents were side to 

of tiie dispute and if Mr 
Baker was able to secure agree- 
ment he would earn their 
thanks, unless be blew it by 
leaving no room for discussion. 

Would he look again at his 
proposals for the future because, 
in the small print, it looked as if 
he wanted to take total control 
of teachers' pay 
Mr Baker said be did not 
believe his statement would 
derail the Nottingham meeting. 
He had provided the framework 
for the negotiators who could 
now go to Nottingham with the 
Government's position made 
crystal dear. 

• Mr Malcolm Riflriort, Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, 
made a statement setting out 
similar proposals for Scottish 
schools based on the 
recoomendations of the 
committee and under Sir Peter 
Main. This contained an in- 
divisible package nria tying the 
pay, duties and conditions of 
service, staffing standards and 
negotiating machinery. 

Ministers announce 
S Africa measures 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

The Government yesterday 
ann ounced details of vol- 
untary moves to put pressure 
on South Africa to abolish 

The measures, agreed in 
principle at the Common- 
wealth mini-summit in July, 
when Britain rejected punitive 
sanctions, cover new invest- 
ment and tourism. 

Yesterday, Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, said 
the financial measures cover 
new acquisitions of share and 
loan capital of South African 
companies and loans and 
capital injections through in- 
ter-company. head office and 
branch bank accounts. 

But the appeal for a limited 
cash embargo by British firms 
does not include financial 

transactions and bank lending 
supporting normal trading 
activity. Also excluded are aid 

for training, health and social 

New direct investment by 
British companies in 1984 
amounted to £56 million. 

Mr Channon said: “I be- 
lieve that British industry, 
which has repeatedly sup- 
ported calls for fundamental 
social and political reform in 
South Africa, is ready to play 
its part in helping 

"Given the extent of exist- 
ing UK investment in South 
Africa, wholehearted co-op- 
eration by British companies 
with the voluntary ban on new 
new investment should have 
considerable impact.” 

Lord Young of Grafham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
mem. and Mr David Trippier, 
-Minister for Tourism, ap- 
pealed to travel agents, tour 
operators and carriers not to 
promote holidays in South 

Grain for Syria 





The strength of chemical and 
conventional weapons as well as 
of nuclear weapons bad to be 
taken into account in retaining 
an independent nuclear deter- 
rent. Mrs Thatcher said during 
question turn. 

She was replying to Dr David 
Owen, Leader of the SDP, who 


=mfi [Geoffrey Smith 

■ount in reta inin g . L lm , fniwiet etec- 

nt nuclear deter- The Sbafom 
deter said during turn results fllnstrate fflueoi 
the most important deveiop- 
lying to Dr David mett i s in the Labour Party 
of the SDP, who the split between the 

lent Reagan was SSand the hart left The left 

oiled States, it is because the Tribune amU-am- 
the United paign groups were ims 

amb le to agree on a common 
date of candidates. 

It was dm centre-right 
w hich benefited on this occa- 
sion. The Shadow Cabinet is 
now dominated even more 
strongly by this group. Bat m 

the party at large it is the soft 

left which has paradoxically 
nahwi most from this division. 
That is because ft is in the 
pivotal position. 

Without the revulsion of the 

soft towards the hard left, the 
extremists could not have been 

British fanners ‘furious’ MPs upset | gl- 
over French lamb hijacks ovevpaiu 

Owen. Leader of the SDP, who 
said: If President Reagan was 
successful in negotiating with- 
drawal of all ballistic missiles, 
Soviet and United Sta t es, it is 
onlikeJy that foe United States 
would be happy to go on selling 
us Trident that is one more 
reason to look at the cruise 
'missile option. 

Mr Nd Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition, earlier complained 
that foe Government had not 
volunteered a statement on the 
Reykjavik summit, nor re- 
sponded to Labour requests. 

"Does she recall saying to foe 
US Congress last year that 
nothing in foe ABM Treaty 
precludes research, hot that if 
that leads to development, it 
was a matter for negotiation 
under the treaty? 

"Is that the position, in view 
of the much less clear and 
positive view expressed last 
week in a debate by die Sec- 
retary of State for Defence? 

There were Conservative pro- 
tests as Mr Kinnock continued, 
but he brushed them aside, 
saying: If we had had a state- 
ment, it would have saved an 

Win she state specifically her 
position on tbe zero-zero option 

In view of President Reagan's 
dear reassertion yesterday that 
he will very sensibly persist with 
his proposals on ballistic missile 
systems in forme negotiations, 
and his proposal to get. rid of 
them over 10 years, is she 
prepared to reconsider Trident, 
especially in view of the effect 
on our conventional defence 

There should be no doubt about 
the strength of tbe Gov- 
ernment’s resolve in dealing 
with the hijacking of British 
lamb exports by French formers, 
Mr Michael Jotping, Minister 
of State for Agriculture, Fish- 
eries and Food, said during 
question time in the Commons. 

He was replying to Mr 
Bry nm cr John (Pontypridd, 
Lab), who had asked if he had 
raised the issue in discussions 
with representatives of the form- 
ing industry. 

“Might I ask what steps, 
beyond writing to the French 
President and foe president of 
tbe Commission, he proposes to 

Will he make it dear in words 
even M Guillaume (the French 
Minister of Agriculture) can 
understand, that the French 
have not a unique prescriptive 
right to strain the CAP rules? 

“If we were to respond in 
kind, they would have much 
more to lose." 

Mr Jopling: I have spoken with 
M Guillaume about foe hijack- 
ings and it has been raised with 
M Mitterrand and both have 
given assurances that fresh, firm 
instructions have been given to 
the police authorities mid that 
compensation would be paid. 

The House must not be in any 
doubt about the strength of the 
Government's resolve on this 
matter and that tbe action of 
lawless French producers, or 
interference with imports, are 
absolutely unacceptable to us. 
Mr Philip Oppenheim (Amber 
Valley, C): Would ft not be 
sensible to i nsi st that all imports 
of Perrier Water be routed 
through Aberdeen for analysis 
as an incentive for tbe French to 
stop interferring with sheep? 

Mr Jopling: He gives us, in 
general terms, food for thought. 


but I think he would agree that 
at a time when we are criticizing 
French citizens for lawlessness, 
we ought not to be resorting to 
lawlessness ourselves. 

• United Kingdom cereal 
production this year was es- 
timated at 24.6 million tonnes. 
Mr John Gammer, Minister of 
State for Agriculture, Fisheries 
and Food, said during Com- 
mons questions. 

Mr Timothy Yeo (South Suffolk, 
C) said that uncertainty about 
the nature of measures to cut 
surpluses bad been the principal 
source of anxiety among pro- 
ducers. Above ail, a dear and 
firm indication of how surpluses 
were to be tackled was needed. 

Mr Gammer said that was 
why Britain was in the lead in 
seeking a p acka ge of measures 
which would relieve that un- 
certainty. But the uncertainty 
arose primarily because, where- 
as foe former used to be certain 
of a market becanse be was in a 
world of shortage, today the 
former was not sure of the 
market because he was in a 
world of surplus. 

Mr Michael Latham (Rutland 
and Melton, C) asked what were 
foe Government’s objections to 
a compulsory set-aside policy. 
Was ft because it would mean 
that only marginal land would 
be taken out of production? 

Mr Gmnmer said Britain was 
one of the most efficient cereal 
producers in the Community 
and in the world. He did not 
want a system which so re- 
stricted cereal production that it 

CTicpfi unfair discriminatio n 

against the good producer. 

That was one dang e r of 
having a compulsory system. It 

was better to have a voluntary | 
system where those wishing to 
go out did so and enabled those 
who could produce cereals 
competitively and efficiently, 
including many in Britain, to 
continue doing so. 

• Deaths on forms were run- 
ning at a much lower level so for 
this year. Mr Donald Thomp- 
son, Parliamentary Secretary, i 
Ministry of Agriculture, Fish- 
eries and Food, said during 
Commons questions when be 
made his first appearance at the 
d es pa t ch box since his appoint- 
ment in Sq ptember. 

Mr Donald Dixon (Jazrvw, Lab) 
bad said that in 1985 form 

deaths rose by ooe fifth over the 
previous year. 

"Farming is the second most 
dangerous industry in this 
country", he said. He asked Mr 
Thompson to ensure that there 
were no more cuts in the 
number of agriculture inspec- 
tors and said more should be 

Mr Thompson said there were 
165 inspectors and they were 
nine under staff Tbe Hearth and 
Safety Executive was doing afl ft 
could to recruit more. 

Mr Th omp son confirmed that 
there would not be any cuts in 
foe Health and Safety Executive 
dealing with form workers and 
said the service would be dosely 
monitored and sustained by the 

Mr Staart Randall, an Opposi- 
tion spokesman on agriculture, 
asked what plans there were to 
make roll-over protection com- 
pulsory on all tractors. 

Mr Thompson said the Health 
and Safety Executive were con- 
stantly examining such 

He told MPs that advice by 
his department to formers 
emphasized safely. 

over grain 
for Syria 

The Prime Minister regretted 
that nothing could be done 
about discounted sales of grain 
by die EEC to Syria when she 
and Mr Michael Jopling, Min- 
ister of Agriculture, were ques- 
tioned about grain sales after the 
break of diplomatic relations 
with Syria. 

Mr Jonathan Sayeed (Bristol, 
EastiC): Can you explain why 
tbe European Commission is 
selling cut-price grain to Syria? 
It is irritating and there is anger 
at this subsidy of state terrorists. 
Mrs Thatcha? Normal refunds 
apply to all external sales and I 
am afraid there is nothing we 
can do about that but there wfl] 
be no special rates of refund 
following a meeting of the 
Foreign Ministers Council 

There was no embargo on 
United Kingdom exports to 
Syria, Mr Michael JepHng, 
Minister of Stale for Agri- 
culture, Fisheries and Food, 

Mr^Nicbofes Bnfen (Wolver- 
hampton Sooth West, Q said 
the best evktenoe of over- 
production of feed wheal came 
from The Times today which 
said the EEC was so desperate to 
get rid of its surplus feed wheat 
mat it was continuing to sefl 
substantial quotas with an ex- 
port subsidy to Syria. 

Dr Mark Hughes (Gty of 
Durham, Lab) said that to 
dispose of surpluses to Syria 
under EEC arrangements that 
Britain could not change was 

Mr John Gammer, Minister 
ofStatefbr Agriculture, said that 
Dr Hughes was only underlining 
the reason that Britain had 
made a big effort and was taking 
foe lead to ensure that supply 
and demand should be brought 
into balance. 

Amendment to Public 100,000 j 
Order Bill accepted on nuclei 

The Government accepted on to give notice to every police 

Wednesday an Oppwftionsra- area on foe route. . 

endment uj the Public Order The amendijenl proposed HOUSE OF LORDS 

100,000 jobs depend 
on nuclear industry 

Bill, modifying the proposals in that notice must be given to a 
relation to notifying the police police station in foe police area 
of marches. in which tbe procesion was 

During foe third reading of proposal to start or, where foe 
foe Bill in foe House of Lords, procession would start in Scot- 
Lord saitin of Dulwich (Lab) fend and cross into England, 
said That , with foe Bill as ft notification should be made in 
stood, organizers of marches the first police area 
had to inform, fo writing, foe Tbe Earl of Caithness. Minister 

said That , with foe Bill as ft notification should be made in 

stood, organizers of marches the first police area 

had to inform, in writing, foe The Earl of Caithness, Minister 

police in every area through of State, Home Office, said the 

which foe procession would Government had b ee n per- 

pass. suaded by foe arguments of foe 

” Thus, if there were to be a. Opposiion 

march from Caithness to DuF- The Bill was read foe third 

wieft, tbe organizers would have time and passed. 

Tories accused over 
select committees 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

WeO orer IQOflOO jobs de- 
pended directly or ind irec tly oa 
foe endear industry, Viscoart 
Davidson, tbe Government dep- 
uty chief whip, said when asked 
in foe Honse of Lords bow many 
jobs would be pat at risk M 
nucle a r power stations were 
phased out as recommended at 
the Labour Party conference. 

He added that nadear power 

down an entire i n du stry was a 
strange way of salting the 
anerapfeyinent problem. 

Load Stoddnit of Swindon, for 
the Opposition, said that ander 
a Lahenr g o vern m ent additi o nal 
new jobs w o uld be created and 
naeraplnjmatwodd be reduced 
by one mflBon in two years. 
Labour policy on unclear power 
reflected growing padMic concern 
about the safety of nndear 
energy after foe Chernobyl 

MPs yesterday accused the 
Government of seeking to 
introduce curbs on select 
committees through "back 
door” methods when publicly 
it has said it has no such 

It is understood that the 
paragraph in foe government's 
reply to the Westland report 
which says civil servants will 
be instructed not to answer 
questions about their own or 
colleagues' conduct has al- 
ready been distributed. 

This is despite foe assurance 
given by Mr John Biffen, 
Leader of the House, during 
the Westland debate On 
Wednesday night that they 
would not be "finally and 
formally" issued until foe 
Liaison committee of select 
committee chairmen had had 
a chance to comment 

Mr Biffen's comments were 
widely interpreted as a climb- 

down by tbe government, 
which had declared its inten- 
tion to issue the instructions 
in its response to the Westland 
report, but some Labour MPs 
believe that by sending out foe 
instructions the government 
will already have achieved its 

Dr John Gilbert, senior 
Labour member of the defence 
committee, said that civil 
servants may not have re- 
ceived formal instructions yet, 
"but a nod's as good as a wink. 

"It's a clear indication of the 
government's intention, and 
any civil servant with a mind 
to his future will be guided by 
it immediately.” 

Select committee chairmen 
yesterday welcomed Mr 
Biffen’s statemenL They de- 
duced from his insistence that 
the government was merely 
seeking to reinforce existing 

to keeping electricity prices 
down god hence to the compet- 
itiveness of United Kingdom 
industry. There were abort 
800300 jobs atone in indestties 
. which used foe largest anouts 
of e lect ric i ty and many of these 
could be put at risk in these 
highly co m pe ti tive sectors. 

Most of Britain's nndear 
industry was situated in areas of 
high unemployment. Ctosiag 

"Is not ora cautions approach 
tkr better than the Government's 
gadaiene gallop to rn tro d nee foe 
pressurized water reactor which 
has never operated here and is 
apparently less safe than the 

Viscount Davidson: It is strange 
that a party promising lo redace 
uaeraptoyraent by one miOiea 
should at the same, time ad- 
vocate a policy which could lead 
to an increase in dirt figare by 
foe same munhor. 

Mrs Thatcher said that a state- 
ment had been matte in the 
House ofLords about reykjavik. 

President P«>p" bad 
absolutely right m his attitude 
on SDI at Reykjavik. They were 
in with other mem- 

bers of Naio inducting foe US 
about foe Geneva talks. 

"With w pw i to mis- 

siles and Trident, we bdieve In 
foe independent ppefaw deter- 
rent. Britain and France were 
Dot part of those talks, but we 
bdieve the independent nuclear 
deterrent to be a vital part of our 
future defence and we are, of 
course, getting on with 

Mr John Browne (Winchester, 
Q: The Atlantic Alliance is 
under threat from within when 
We have partners who are not 
prepared to support actions 
against terrorism and uni- 
laterally negotiate with terror- 
ists. Nalo is also under threat by 
the Affiance and Labour poli- 

affiance is under threat and 
attack from the Labour Party 
(Labour protests). 

Mr Khrandc Rubbish. 

Mrs Thatcher: Any change in 
tbe fundamental doctrine of die 
flexible response of which foe 
nndear weapon is a fun- 
damental part, is a whole matter 
and cannot be decided sepa- 
rately. Tbe nndear deterrent has 
kept the peace for .40 years, from 
nuclear and from conventional 
war and that is the most 
important fact, of alL 

change call 

The Rime Minister sbcmld 
reconsider a statement nwfa in 
a recent interview that she was 
not satisfied there was a fun- 
damental desire for devolution. 
Sir RusseO Johnston (Inverness, ; 
Naim and Locfaaber, L) said j 
during Commons question 

fling. I 

Surely, he said, all tbe ev- 
idence was contrary^ to her 
statment and it was fflfty forthe- 
Govenxment of the day to 
pretend otherwise. Did she also 
appreciate that, in saying 
devolution would lead to tbe , 
break up of the United King- 
dom, she bad plaoed herself 
shoulder to shoulder with Mr 
Tam Dalydl (Linlithgow, Lab)? 
Mis Thatcher reptiem I confirm 
what I said in that interview and 
I would repeat every word of ft 
again today. 

next week 

The main business in foe House 
of Commons next week win be: 
Monday: Housing and Planning 
BiH, Lords amendments. 
Tuesday: Public Order BOl and 
Housing (Scotland) BtU, Lords 
amend men ts 

W ed nesday; National Health 
Service (Amendment) Bill, 
Lords amendments. 

T har s da yr Debate on Opposi- 
tion motion on the Gov- 
ernment's economic stzai^y. 
Friday: Prorogation. 

Tbe main business in 'the, 
■House of Loads next week win : 

Monday: European Commu- 
nities (Amendment) Bill and 
National Health Service (Am- 
endment) BilL dim! readings. 
Sex Discrimination Bffi, Com- 
mons amendments. 

have. But this has nrade tire 
soft left ftidispensable to the 
anti -hard left majority in the 
party. It is largely on the soft 
left’s terns that Labour has 
based its newly - discovered 

Kinnock warmth 
for ‘soft left’ 

This softs Ne3 Kinnock well 
enough. That is the section Ire 
comes from, and I see no 
reason to doubt that that is 
where his heart stffl ties. As an 
ambitions and practical poli- 
tician, he has made certain 
adjustments In poficy to take 
account of public opinion. He 
shares in fail measure both die 
detestation of the hard leftand 
the eagerness for electoral 
victory that unite the soft left 
and the centre-right 

But he has net been trans- 
formed into a man of foe right, 
as his msisteoce open uni- 
lateral nndear disarmament 
amply demonstrates. He is a 
personally dominant leader 
who has foe added advantage 
of representing in Ins -own 
thinking foe prevailing trend 
in what appears, for foe 
moment, to be a stable 
configuration iff power In foe 

A centre-right Shadow 
Cabinet in a soft left party has 
so far created remarkably 

n»--w akJtew lx . WV a B, — ■ 

time amKzmy- nut tor now 
long wffl this be fane? Up to 
foe election certainly. 

If there are farther Labour 
ructions before then they will 
come once again from the hart 
left, though it seems more 
likely that even the extremists 

wff) be comparatively quiet in 

the meantime becanse they 
would not wish to incur the 
Marne Cw a Labour defeat 

Bat what about after the 
election? That will depend 
qafte a bit on whether Labour 
is ha or out of office. Labour is 
generally farther to the right 
in government than it is in 

That is partly becanse of the 
influence iff the CM1 Service, 
which is a restraining factor on 
doctrinal experiments; partly 
becanse of the pressure ' of 
responsibility, which is even 
more inhibiting; and partly 
becanse foe practical, man- 
agerial polititisuts of foe 
centre-right have more 
authority in office. 

Incentive to keep 
‘hard left’ in line 

A centre-right majority 
ought to exercise note sway 
oyer party policy m a Labour 
Cabfaet than fa a Shadow 
Cabinet. But, whoever wins 
foe next election, there will 

almost certainly be a left-wing 

majority in foe next Par- 

rTSw. its . present 

men) Measure. SSJd* **** WonW ** 

Wednesday? Motion on tbe a larger 

change to nnmigratxon rules. ® a smaller par. 

Thursday: Debate on the find- ua ? e u™ T party, ^ 

ings of the European Court on ®Wity mi today’s ShaiW 
Human Rights in relation to the - “ Baflow 

Aircraft and Shipbuilding In- 
dustries Act . „■ 

Friday: Prorogation, 

The new. session Of -Par- 
liament wffi be opened on 
Wednesday, November 12- 





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The BBC and Libya 

Tebbit criticizes the 

‘biased’ coverage of 
US bombing attack 

..i.l * ’ ". 

^ I enclose an analysis 
w which Conservative 
Central Office has marfp of 
BBC TV’s news coverage of 
the US raid on Libya in- April 
of -this year. 

li raises some very serious 
questions as to the way in 
which the BBC reports the 
news. For our analysis, we 
have taken as a yardstick the 
BBC’s own public commit- 
ment to impartiality »nH 

In the light of our evidence 
you may feel that the BBC 
news rep o rt i ng in this in- 
stance at leastTfell far short of 
the high standards which the 
corporation espouses. Indeed, 
you may conclude that fir 
from being balanced, fair, and 
impartial, the coverage was a 
mixture of news, views, 
speculation, error, and uncriti- 
cal carriage of Libyan propa- 
ganda which does serious 
damage to the reputation of 
the BBC. 

Mr Norman Tebbit, chairman of the Conservative Party, 
yesterday handed a detailed dossier to the BBC which alleged 

and current affairs. It was accompanied by a letter to the acting 

rhainmn of the BBC’s board of governors, Lori Barnett. Ctepks 
were also sent to the director-general of the BBC, Mr Alasdair 
Milne and the c o rporation’s chairman d esign a te , Mr 
Mannadnke Hussey. 

From my many years of 
association with the 


know that most of your staff 
are deeply proud of their 
association with the best 
known broadcasting operation 
in the world. 

I also know that many of 

them fed that the BBC has lost 
its way. Perhaps the news 
coverage of the Libyan attack 
is a reflection of this lade of 

I have no way of knowing 
whether the coverage was 
affected by bias, incom- 
petence, low professional stan- 
dards or simple error — 
although I am sure you win 
have your own opinion on 

However, I am sure that it is 
neither in the interests of the 
Government, the political 
parties, the taxpayers, the 
BBC, or its employees, that 
such criticizm is capable of 
being made. 

We have tried to aigne our 
anal ysis in de tail. I expect that 
you too will make your own 
detailed analysis. 

However, that would miss 
the point I am making, which 

is to question whether an 
increasingly subjective and 
confrontational style of BBC 
news coverage is appropriate 
fora public service broadcast- 
ing sytem, funded by the 
taxpayer, required to empha- 
size impartiality, objectivity, 
and factual reporting. 

I hope you will agree that 
this analysis and criticizm 
which the BBC received from 
various other quartos re- 
cently, makes it a p pr o p riate 
for you to undertake a thor- 
ough reappraisal of the man- 
agerial aim editorial standards 

which are currently in opera- 
tion for your TV news 

Given the considerable pub- 
lic interest in this issue, I 
intend to issue copies of this 
tetter and its attach- ^ 

Duchess collects a prize for the Duke 

ments to the press. 

The Dachess- of York had 
bar !»«»** fell when she wort 
along to present the prizes at 
the Martini Royal Pfaoto- 
phic Awards at New Zea- 
Hense in London yes- 

For her husband, the Duke 
of York, was given the 

sponsor’s prize for his portrait 
of her displaying her engage- 
ment ring. 

The Duress was presented 

with the award, a glass de- 
canter, Mr Arthur Downes, 
president of the Royal Photo- 
graphic Society. 

“Who is this?” she quipped 

when shown the picture and 
then quickly moved on to the 
next photograp' 

The Duchess, dressed in a 
mustard yellow lop. Hack 
skirt and sporting a ponytail, 
toured the gallery vS winning 
photographs — many taken on 
her wedding day. 

A picture of Prince WlOiain 
studying an upside down ser- 
vice - sheet in Westminster 
Abbey made her laugh. 

Mr Brendan Monks, who 
took the picture, said: ‘‘The 
Duchess agreed that Prince 
W illiam had really stolen the 
show on the day. 


to question 
MP on sex 


By Stewart Teadler 
Scotland Yard detectives 
are to interview Mr Harvey 
Proctor, the Conservative MP 
for Bfltericay. about allega- 
tions of indecency involving 

teenage boys, in preparation 
sir Thomas 


for a report to Sir 
Httherington, Director 
Public Prosecutions. 

Both Scotland Yard and a 
spokesman for Sir Thomas 
spin yesterday that no de- 
cision had been taken to 
prosecute the MP. But they 
confirmed that the police are 
investigating allegations, orig- 
inally published in a Sunday 
newspaper, that Mr Proctor 

invited youths to his home for 
spanking sessions. 

After studying _ the news- 
paper reports. Sir Thomas 
asked Commander William 
Huckksby, head of Scotlatri 
Yard's serious crimes squad, 
to prepare a preliminary re- 
port setting out details of the 
allegations. The police were 
then asked to gather evidence 
for a bigger report. 

A special team of officers 
has been set up by Mr 
Hucklesby to interview tho 
youths allegedly involved. _ 

Mr Proctor, who has denied 
the allegations, said yesterday 
that the first he knew of 
possible proceedings was a 
late night telephone call from 
a newspaper. He said he 
telephoned Sir Michael Ha- 
vers, QC. the Attorney Gen- 
eral. who told him no decision 
had berm made. 

BBC bulletin ‘enlisted 
sympathy for Libyans’ 

The dossier from the 
Conservative Party , compares 
the way in which the BBC’s 
Mae O'Clock Pines and ITN’s 
News at. Ten covered tire 
American bombing raid on 
Tripoli on April 15. This is a 
condensed version of what it 

To the Libyans and to the 
British Opposition parties, it 

to inform the viewer of the 

The BBC then chose a 
particularly damaging phrase 
to describe America's re- 
sponse, “in Washington the 
mood is one of jubilation,” 
which, when sandwiched be- 
tween phrases such as “chil- 
dren are casualties as they 
slept in their homes,” sag- 

BLUISH ispgjuaiuuu pnm&d, n oitopi. ui mvu mv*«w, 

was a vicious and illegal attack gested. extreme callousness, 
by a militaristic super-power The point is not whetter 
on a small nation. these statements should be 

To the Americans and the made bat whether they shouM 
British government, it was-a be given such prominence m 
intimate action against a the _ _ first, “audience 
mili tary dictator who was conditioning"’ part of the re- 
using the resources of his state port. ITN apparently thought 
to cany out acts of barbarous not 


It is submitted that a 
comparison of the two bul- 
letins for that evening shows 
that News at Ten was able to 
preserve an impartial editorial 
stance; while the BBC torik a 

A gain ITN, but not the 
BBC, reported, die Prime 
Minister’s statement that she 
ha d redeved assurances that 
the attack would be only on 
terrorist targets. 

In both the BBC and the 


number of editorial and ITN bulletins the first fan film 
journalistic decisions the ef- story was a report irom 
feet of which was to enlist the Tnpon. 
sympathy of the audience for Both had much the same 

the Libyans and to antagonize story (not surpriOTigly^-" ana: 
them towards the Americans, they could only film what the 
Look first at the headlines: Libyans afiowedthem to): the 
ITN: “Mr Gorbachov teDs raid at night, the damage to 
Mr Reagan *Our Foreign Min- residential property, Ormans 
isters can’t meet now*. The including children killed and 


Ibu-19 UUII IMWi - - TJ 

bombs meant few* terrorists kill 

6 The success of 

Libyan propa g anda iw iwpvis w 
can be dearly seen in 

injured, outrage among or- 
dinary Libyans. The contrast 
in the treatment, however is 
ant . , 

ITN report is briefer 

the BBC news 
bulletin 9 

Colonel Gadaffi’s dau 
President Reagan says/1 

Olivi UIVIV. 1 w .1 iw»n 

a summary that expressed the 
situation very fairly: “The 
Libyans are now trying to use 
the American raid as a propa- 
ganda weapon for themselves 
by concentrating news cover- 



provoke*. The police are busy 
with demonstrators in 
Downing Street tonight-" 
BBC: “Worldwide condem- 
nation of the American air 
strike on Libya. Children are 
casualties — three from 
Gadaffi’s own family. Mrs 
Thatcher under fire in the 
Commons defends her de- 
cision to allow the use of 
British bases. Tonight she 

Wise ateura imiu vmm m 

car na ge «in hardly do Presi- 
dent Reagan's case any good.” 

The success of the Libyan 
propaganda effort can 1 be 
dearly seen in the BBC news 
bulletin. It devotes consid- 
erably longer to tins Libyan- 
controlled footage than the 
ITN bulletin, and the relative 
amount of time and emphasis 
given in the whole report to 



unusn oases, uwifiu* — civilian death and injury is 
shows her critics the proof of significant _ 

Libyan terrorism.” The dossier concludes: Our 

The contrast is dear. The short study show that flte 


v : s sa®s 


BBC gave partkmlar emphasis 
to the Libyan case. The BBC 
made the principal feature of 
its news the “worldwide 
condemnation" of America — 
a subjective and emotive 
description which is repeated 
but never substantiated 
throughout the broadcast. 

The BBC then turned to the 
civilian casualties of the raid 

points — *~™ — . — 

Mrs Thatcher as being “uraler 
. . a -T» iirthi m 

fire hi the Commons”. OnJyw 

the last breath did the 
make any reference to Lib- 
yan terrorism”. . , 

In our view ITN chose a 
very difficult approach, which 
emphasized hard feet, li chose 
to lead the story with a factual 
report of the diplomatic reper- 
cussions between the super- 
powers, rather than the vague 
phrases such as “worldwide 
condemnation” employed by 
the BBC. ITN did not attempt 
to hide the civilian casualties, 
but chose also to report tig 
these were caused by bombs 
meant for terrorists"- 

BBC coverage of these evrats 

represented a serious and 
significant failure to achieve 
professional news covera ge. 

Isolated instances of error 
are understandable, but we | 
believe that the BBC’s cover- ; 
age was riddled with inaccu- 
racy. innuendo and im- 
balance. Their cumulative 
impact is profound, damaging 
to the American and British 
government cases and helpful 
lo that of Libya. _ 

Within the spirit ofthe BBC 
Charter and the highest stan- 
dards of journalism, the task 
of a broadcasting reporter is to 


report the facts in an even- 
handed manner which allows 
the viewer to reach his or her 
conclusions on the evidence 
offered. The BBC did notoner 
objective evidence so much as 
a highly flavoured editorial 

view. . . | 

It prompts charges of pro- 1 
fessional incompetence or, 
even worse, prejudice, pus 
could be held to have anwp 
either through bias or m com- 
oetence. Given the pressures 

cant for tenons"- - under which the 
Infoe section following the operated, af 611 ™* ^^toriS 

I—*®’ , ™JS£ HSsSJSttfSS 

Though you may not realise it, a lot of life 
assurance companies have shareholders. 

And like it or not, those shareholders will get 
a chunk of the profit that’s made from your 
money. They can get their teeth into as much as 
10%, so it could cost you thousands of pounds 

when your policy matures. 

At Scottish Amicable, we believe strongly 
that you should be the one who gains from your 
investment. That’s why we’re a mutual company 
with no shareholders. 

And that’s why all our profit goes back to our 
Svith profit’ policy holders. 

Whether they’ve got pensions, savings plans 
or endowments for mortgages. 

Ask any independent financial adviser about 
Scottish Amicable. 

He’s likely to tell you that you’ll be much 
better off if you invest with us. 

Because unlike some companies, we don’t 
have shareholders who are hungry for your 


;h/ "S >-• :!t ' 

stuck firmly to journalktic 
facts the cancelled meeting, 
the Libyan casualties, the 
Prime Minister’s Commpns 
Statement, the Opposition 
criticizm. _ . ...... 

SSfiHE SKbrj?— 

alternative to accept. 

But the BBC can no more 

live with such standards than 

it could with prejudice. As the 
BBCs own guide emphasizes, 
without maintaining “the 








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Legal profession backs 
move to help people to 
challenge public bodies 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Backing for a new Director 
ofGvil Proceedings to protect 
the interests of the citizen 
taking legal action against 
public authorities is mounting 
among judges and lawyers in 
the face of a huge rise in 
actions challenging decisions 
by government. 

The idea, put up earlier this 
year by Lord Justice Woolf, a 
Court of Appeal judge, has 
wide support among lawyers 
who met yesterday to form the 
new Administrative Law Bar 

The group has been created 
because of the recent massive 
growth in administrative law 
and role of the courts in 
reviewing decisions where 
previously administrative dis- 
cretion went Unchecked- 

Applications for judicial re- 
view, the way individuals can 
challenge decisions of public 
bodies, have risen by 100 per 
cent since 1981. That year 
applications totalled 533; in 

1982 the figure was 685: in 

1 983 it was 850: in 1 984 it rose 
to 931 and last vear it was 

Lord Justice Woolf the 
association president, says 
judges are increasingly being 
called on to supervise the 
activities of public bodies. 

“It is now commonplace to 
have central government at- 

tacking local government de- 
cisions, local government 
attacking central government 
decisions and one local 
authority challenging the de- 
cisions of another.” 

One reason, be says, is a 
change m attitude. Previously 
if the legality of a course of 
action was in doubt it was not 

“New it appears to be 
coming a case of anything is 
pe rmiss ible unless and until it 
is stopped by the courts.*' 

But in his address last night 
he said that if judicial review 
interfered unduly with the 
functioning of poolic bodies it 
would result in governments 
"‘out of a sense of frustration 
seeking to exclude the super- 
vision of the courts as is now 
happening in the United 

The proposed Director of 
Civil Proceedings would have 
similar status to the Director 
of Public Prosecutions. 

He would have wide powers 
to take up cases; have access to 
the papera of public bodies: 
and enforce court orders 
which at present can be 
flouted: individuals may ob- 
tain orders against public 
bodies who for political rea- 
sons refuse to comply with 

There is also backing among 

leading legal academics, 
including Professor John Grif- 
fith at the London School of 
Economics and Professor Gra- 
ham Zeilick, of Queen Mary 
Cffllege, London. 

“Such a job needs to be 
done and one way would be to 
remove the Attorney General 
from the Government and 
give him responsibility,” Prof- 
essor Zeilick said. 

Academics are concerned 
that governments are avoiding 
scrutiny of their decisions by 
the courts by increasing use of 
informal administrative rules 
instead of primary legislation. 

Mr Robert Baldwin, a law 
lecturer at Brunei University, 
and Mr John Houghton, a 
researcher, say in a recent 
article in Public Law that each 
time a government confronts 
a difficult regulatory task, it 
“seems to come up with a sew 
device: a code of practice, 
guidance note, circular, ap- 
proved code and so on. 

Those include the code of 
practice on the number of 
{rickets; the codes on deten- 
tion arid questioning by pol- 
ice; statements on parole 
policy, and informal rules in 
areas such as immigration, 
housing, family proceedings, 
planning and health and safety j 
at work. i 

Uflion plea 
to lift 
court ban 
on strikes 

gv Mle fc wl Eww 

items from Che Mnsee Rodin in Paris not exhibited. before (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

No police 
action on 
rail crash 

Science report 

Cloning Stone Age tissue 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Anti- violence commission sought 

A commission is needed to 
be “watchdog of the people's 
peace”. Mr John Alderaon. 
former Chief Constable of 
Devon and Cornwall, says in 
The Criminal Law Review 
(Peter Evans writes). 

The commission would be 
available to help to prevent 
violence in all its forms. Any 

in dividual or group of in- the present time,” Mr Ald- 
dividuals fearing or appre- erson says. 

heading the threat of violence 
could petition it. 

“The commission would 
represent a kind of permanent 
Scarman inquiry, or a Popple- 
well committee, instead of the 

The organization would be 
set up, launched and funded 
by the Home Office, with 
main branches in key urban 

“It would seek to prevent 

hit and miss system of ad hoc conflict and violence by early 
inquiries into" violence as at intervention.” 

There will be no prosecu- 
tions after a crash on an 
unmanned level crossing 
which killed nine people, pol- 
ice announced yesterday. 

The crash, involving a train 
and a van, happened at Lock- 
ington. near Beverley, HBm- July. 

Eight of the victims were on 
a holiday train from Brid- 
lington to Hnfi. 

Humberside police sard the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions had recommended that 
the evidence did not justify 
criminal proceedings. 

The police file on Cite crash 
will be sent to the area 

Brain tissue from an 8.000 
year-old skull is being grown 
in a laboratory. The aim is to 
create clones of the fragments 
of DNA (deoxyribonucleic 
arid), which carry the genetic 
guide of their former owner. 

The description of a shrun- 
ken but recognizable human 
brain is con tamed in a paper 
published in the latest issue of 
the scientific journal. Sature. 

The skull was preserv ed in a 
peat bog in Fonda. 

The scientists say “as this 
find appears to be the oldest- 
known example of preserved 
human cell structure and 
DNA, it represen w a signifi- 
cant resource for both anth- 

ropological and genetic 

Carbon dating tests of the 
skull put the brain tissue as 
belonging to the Early Archaic 

The report, by a team 
working with Dr Glen Doran 
at die Department of Anth- 
ropology at Forida State 
University and the University 
of Forida College of Medi- 
cine, contains X-ray pictures 
showing a comparison be- 
tween a brain of a living 
person and the 8,000 year-old 

The remnants were found in 
the peat beneath a small pool 









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Typical APR 32.9% 

vforHbL- Ask for Details 

known as Vi Mover pond. 

Various pieces of skeleton 
were removed. representing at 
least 40 individuals of both 
sexes and various ages. 

It is only with recent tech- 
nical advances that it has been 
possible u> recover genetic 
material from ancient human 
and animal samples. More- 
over. in those experiments the 
specimens were not only 
younger, they were also ob- 
tained from fragments pre- 
served in dry conditions. 

A H>«h Court hy maiot 
preventing ifidwsnw aetiwi 
h> bit I M<*t and Uw#d 
tiironrw* mpkgm am 
a inpcf rent diM# 
tiA\ e W* jf* gw * 

for Oil Serw and 

The fatswcA tdWHiJNI#- 
hm of ihr IwWfflfr oTBro- 
frniiout Civil SenwWL vqtoS 
by veerrt billot 
launch 4 wne» of *** *** 
smkrt in WPP* « 55! 
claim, which w» ftm todpd 
two VC an4#t. . , 

The msuiuw hafawAadfor 
the miuneiion. WM* 
Justice Jupfr a Hff. ft W 
judge, After an w l fc gw 
eight rtnwioi w He #M 
industry, w &&***&& A 
full hearing *tU bt Mdk At 
High Court nc*t TWday. 

Mr Otmtopher 0 bam 
diwvuw-fencral of M et 
and livestock CbbsssIiii. 
satd yesterday ««#« 
cnuM have much wWgr m. 
pticatums for the f» to 
•ante by other poh fe 
vanta. Everyone waa iwt W 
the posMteldy of a precodem 
heiMses, . 

The union haa mA #at 
unless the H^b Co m ttb fat 

ban. about six mttta* pfahe 
servants couW lose *e np* » 

The Cttstork Mfkm were 
awarded a 6 per cent pay rile 
from April 1 bwiheydatoto! 
that their work had become far 
more complex, with adfa- 
itonal duties atd wtefaW* 
itics, and asked far ibarjobi 

Mr that a 16 per 

centincrcwc wwdd cwt 
El mOltoa and. untatt far 

It had been thought that a 
dry grave was essential if 
DNA molecules were to have 
any chance of surviving. 

Treasury agreed to upgrade 
the jobs, would hr ia ran 
contravention of the Gov- 
ernment** pay policy. _ 

The Treasury had cAnd a 

for trial 
in Dublin 

job evaluation exercise bat the 
fatstock officers tstt that 

would take no toot «Mi Md 
the baUot for tndusM actioa. 

The cafat meat tanAwlw* 
include Barretts and Start tad 
the British Beef Company, 
applied for an injunction on 
Sunday oa the bom that 
ante would have a da m agi n g 
effect oa their husnma. 

By Richard Ford 


The deputy leader of the 
Democratic Uafaafat Party fa 
to stand trial fa the apodal 
criminal coart fa Dshtfa m H 
charges arising Nt d a 
“loyalist” fanrefa* fate the 
Irish Republic fast imrarar . 

Mr Peter Rotfam, DUP 
MP for East Belfast, was sent 
for trial to the Irish Republic's 
noo-jary anti-cemrfat cam 
when hr mode an dght-atimste 
appearance fa BaBybay dis- 
trict coart, Co Monaghan, 

Hundreds of extra troops 
and police were drafted wto 
the small border tom which 
was sealed off for moat of the 
mornisig In an attempt to ; 
prerent any disturbances when : 
the pefitlaan and colkagnn i 
arrired for the hearing. 

Mr Robinson was accompa- j 

Couple in gold 
bullion case 
allowed ball 

'nkd by Ms wife. Iris, Mr 
paisley, the DUP fender, and 
the Rev William McCrea, 
DUP MP for Mid-Ulster. 

Mr Robinson faces XI 
charges arising out of aa 
incident in the village of 
Cfontibret, Co Monaghan, last 
August when loyalists drilled ; 
in the main street ami daubed ! 
slogans on buikliiigs. 

Mir Robinson was sent for 
trial on his own bail of £1.000 
and two sureties of £5A00 

The date for the hearing has 
yet to be fixed but it is thought 
likely the case may not be 
heard until next year. 

. Loyalist sympathizers in 
Northern Ireland are being 
urged to donate cash to a 
defence fund set np to meet Mr 
Robinson’s legal costs and 
earlier this week a £l00-a- 
head dinner was held in 
Belfast attended by the leaders 
of the two Unionist parties. 

A businessman and hfa wife 
were noted £210.000 bail 
yesterday after s p ending a 
week remanded m custody 
charged is connection with 
the £26 tnillton Brinks- Mat 
gold buHkm raid at Heathrow 

John Ekombc, aged 39, and 
wife, Anne, aged 38. antique 
dealers, of OM Chatham 
Road. Sand] mg. Maidstone, 
Kent, are chaiged with dis- 
honestly receiving £710.000 in 
cash, the proceeds of stolen 
gold bullion. 

Mr James Jobting. stipen- 
diary magistrate at Horsefeny 
Road Magistrates' Court, or- 
dered them each to deposit 
£5.000 at the court; provide 
sureties in sums totalling 
£100.000; report daily .. to 
Maidstone police; surrender 
their passports and reside *i 
home until the next hearing. 

Children die 
in house fire 

Two children, aged 16 : 
months and two years, died m 
a fire yesterday at their home 
in Goldsmith Drive, East] 
Dene, Rotherham. South] 
Yorkshire. Their paresis .0^3 
taped through an upstairs? 
window, J 

The house was badly dam-j 
aged and firemen are in-1 
v estimating the cause. 1 

Diary item ‘unlikely t< 
be seen as strict truth' 

A diary item about Mr 
James Johnston, who inher- 
ited the £4.7 million Great 
Tew Buie in Oxfordshire, 
was unlikely to be taken for 
strict troth, the Press Council 
said today. 

It did not uphold a com- 

plaint by Mr Johnston that 

Farming Mm 1 .? imnm™*rlv 

Farming News improperly 
fabricated an account of a vial 
and wrongly described a 
photograph of him as having 
been taken by its columnist. 

The “Woolwich Reach** col- 
umn by Skipper in Farming 
News was accompanied by 
two photographs captioned 

“Skipper gets the man w 
eluded The Sunday Times 1 

One was of a person aim 
concealed behind a acwspq 
htadhne “why is this m 
hiding his race?” and the oft 
w as a hand and should 

Mr Job neon said he p 

bv the editor, Mr Mar 
Oliver. • ■ 

Mr Oliver said the “We 
wich Reach 1 * item was 
fended to be ligtoh&tn 
Although it was bytiued SI 
per. there was no such pen 


with effect from 1 st November ^ 
1986 the rate of interest on shares*, 
and Deposits will tie increased £>v * 
0 . 75 % p.a., with the exception of i 
Bonus Share Plus Accounts whiefy^ 
will increase bv 0 . 80 % p.a; 

«2-48 North station Road. OMcnattar. 

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Amal offer fails 

to ease tension 

Bumf - In n conciliatory gesture that failed to ease ten- 
sions, the Shia Muslim Ainu yesterday annovaced 
fee release of 26 Palestinians from soothera Lebanon who, 
it said, were planning to pmw^p • military Mfhfiwi in 
feree refugee camps in Beirut (Joan Carlos Gnnrado 

Radio reports said fee UKii were handed orei to a. SyriflH 
military observer and were expected to be driv en “back 
where they came from”. 

The release had no effect in reducing the hostility 
between Amal and fee Palestinians after a month of 
intermittent fighting in the Tjre area and a confrontation in 
the nflls east of Siflos last week. Palestinian leaders have 
repeatedly claimed that Amal had rounded up and arrested 
“■hundreds" of men Inins in the Hashidiyeh refugee camp, 
which is. still under siege. 



San JosA Costa Rica — 
US officials hare refused to 
comment on reports from 
Washington and Hoedms 
that the CtA will establish 
Contra military bases and 
snpjdy lines to the an&r 
Sandnusta rebels on Hon- 
dnran islands, near the 
Nicaraguan coast, radad* 
mg Tigre and the Great 

Pakistan reshuffle 

Islamabad — Mr Aziz Mnnsbi, Pakistan's Attoanoey- 
GenenL has resmied “for personal reasons' 4 , and Mr 
Mohyuddin Batnch, has been refiered of his post as 
Minister of Commerce to become Minister Without 
Portfolio (Hasan Akbtar writes). 

At fee same time Quetta was rocked by its most violent 
armed clashes between Pafean and Batoch transport 
operators, in which up to 10 people were reported killed. 

Mr Baluch is fee only nutfciug Cabinet minister from 
Baluchistan Province. 





— Two Chil- 
eans have left for exile, as 
port of an official amnesty, 
after spending almost two 
years in asylum in the 
Swedish Embassy in Santi- 
ago (A Correspondent 
writes). They were accused 
of attacking a police station 
in November 3984. 

Madrid —Spain's ruling 
Socialist Party has praised 
fee decision by Sedor 
Demetrio Madrid to step 
down as Socialist Chief 
Minister of Casrile-Lefa, 
after a court ordered him to 
stand trial oo fraud 
(Richard Wigg writes), 
denies the charge. 

Masterpiece saved 

Moscow (Reuter) - A 350-year-oM Rembrandt master- 
piece vandalized at Leningrad's Hermitage museum last 
year suffered only surface damage and is bring successfully 

Tass quoted fee Hermitage director, Mr Boris 
PSotnyvsky, as saying sulphuric add thrown at 
Rembrandt’s “Danae' 4 ate throcgh varnish and fee surface 
layer of print but the canvas itself was unimpaired. 

Muted reaction to Falklands fishing zone 

Argentina sticks to war of words 

From Ednardo Coe 
Buenos Aires 

Argentina yesterday can- 
oiled eaxiy discharges for all 
conscripts in the armed ser- 
vices and created a top-level 
military committee in re- 
sponse to Britain’s decision to 
establish a 200-mile fishing 
conservation zone around the 
Falkland itbnik 1 

Sefior Horatio Jaunarena, 
fee Defence Minister, refused 
to say how many conscripts 
would be kepi in uniform. In 
recent years Argentinian con- 
scripts have been released 
before the end of their one- 
year tour of duty for budgetary 
reasons. There are about 
35,000 conscripts in all three 

Official reaction to fee Brit- 
ish move has been relatively 
mild in view of fee strong 
emotions the Falklands issue 
raises here. President Alfonsin 
cancelled a planned television 
address to the nation on 

Wednesday night, apparently 
having been convinced by a 
number of Cabinet members 
that it would be best not to 
dramatize the issue. The Gov- 
ernment contented itself wife 

President Alfonsin right, and fee Defence Minister, Sefior Hondo Juanaxena, leave a surprise cabinet meeting yesterday. 

fee release of a long commn- 
ajqu6 rafting fee British de- 
cision “juridically and 
politically unacceptable*'. 

Senor Jaunarena was vague 
about whether the armed 
forces were in a state of alert. 
But be said the coastguard had 
not received new instructions 
and added: “Frankly, I think 
it's ridiculous to say feat fee 
response on fee part of Argen- 
tina is warlike." Buenos Aires 
did not want to be “dragged 
into a conflict" wife Britain 
over fee matter. 

leansenwrui -v* • . • « 

Signs: Britain s 



From Christopher Walker 

Reflecting a widespread 

view here, Senor Jaunarena 
indicated that Britain’s move 

may have been in part dic- 
tated by internal British poli- 
tics, reflecting jtbat Mis 
Margaret Thatcher will soon 
have to seek re-election. 

Senor Dante Gapnto, fee 
Foreign Minister,! yesterday 
morning called in fee ambas- 
sadors of fee countries that 
fish in fee South Atlantic to 
say that Argentinian policy on 
fee issue was unchanged. 
Argentina has signed bilateral 
fishing agreements (wife the 
Soviet Union and IBulgaria, 
allowing them to fish is tbe- 
dispuicd waters. ' 

The National Defence 
Committee created on 
Wednesday was to have been 
established anyway under a 

law now before Congress. 

leading article, i page 21 

The Soviet Union yesterday 
condemned Britain's decision 
to impose tite fishing con- 
servation zone around the 
Falkland Islands, churning 
that it was in direct breach of 
United Nations resolutions 
covering international conduct 
in the South Atlantic. 

The first Soviet reaction had 
been keenly awaited in White- 
hall, which appears to have 
fakgn a gamble on 

Soviet goodwill, following 
hints in London earlier this 
year from Mr Ednard Shev- 
ardnadze, tile Soviet Foreign 
Minister, feat Moscow would 
not cause trouble in fee region. 
' Questioned by The Times nt 
a press c on ference here Mr 
Gemnady Gerasimov, fee 
Kremlin's chief spokesman, 
said: “It is deplorable that the 
British ride has taken imi- 
taieral steps raining counter 
to the UN decision on those 

■ British officials noted wife 
some refief the carefM wonting 
of the Soviet response. 

GM strikers seek 
‘conscience cash’ 

From Ray Kennedy, Port Elizabeth 

South Africa's first anti- 
disinvestment strike entered 
its second day yesterday with 
thousands of workers at Gen- 
eral Motors camping out in 
works canteens and locker 

The American-owned car 
firm is palling out of fee 
country and handing over to 
local management. 

GM management has ac- 
cused fee strikers of demand- 
ing “some form of conscience 
money for our withdrawal 
from South Africa." 

The sit-in strike — one of the 
strangest in South Africa since 
black trade unions gained 
legal recognition 10 years ago 
— has been called by three 
blade unions, the National 
Automobile and Allied Work- 
ers Union (NAAWU) which 
represents two-thirds of the 
3,000-strong labour force, fee 
Metalworkers Union, and the 
Motor Assemblers and 
Component Workers Union. 
It is also being supported by 
some of the white supervisory 

They are demanding sev- 
erance pay from GM before 

fee company is handed over 
to local management, fee 
repayment of benefit fond 
contributions, and representa- 
tion on the board of the new 
local management when it 
takes over early next year. 

The strike has brought 
assembly lines to a halt on the 
eve of a new model launch in 
which GM has invested £10 
million. The success of fee 
new model the Monza, is vital 
not only to GM*s survival in a 
depressed car market but also 
for Port Elizabeth itself where 
car-building is the lifelin e. 

Mr Freddie Saul fee gen- 
eral-secretary of NAAWU, 
said yesterdaythat fee strikers 
were adamant over their de- 
mand for one month's sev- 

erance pay for each year 
before the company 


was handed over. 

On Wednesday night, GM 
was granted a court order 
ratling on the unions to show 
cause by Monday why the 
strike should not be declared 

If fee unions foil to do so, 
fee firm win be legally entitled 
to dismiss the strikers. 



on grain 

From Jonathan Braude 

British Government sour- 
ces have confirmed that about 

500.000 tonnes of British bar- 
ley and 600.000 tonnes of 
wheat were sold to the Soviet 
Union last week with record 
subsidies in a move to stop 
vast quantities of grain being 
sold into EEC stores. 

Officials fed everything in 
their power to ensure that 
traders were able to sell every- 
thing the Russians required, 
blowing feat delays would 
leave fee market open to 
competing supplies from fee 
US and other exporters. 

Sales at fee EECs weekly 
export tender, where traders 
bid for subsidies from the 
European Farm Fund, did not 
come up to Soviet demands. 

EEC export houses bid for 
subsidies oti a total of 1.4 
million tonnes, but only 

585.000 tonnes of wheat and 

1 16.000 tonnes of barley were 
sold because some bids went 
for more than fee Brussels 
authorities were prepared to 





From Peter NichoRs 

The Vatican rejects in just 
three words any idea feat 
homosexuality might be re- 
garded as a morally acceptable 
option: “It is not". 

The unequivocal condem- 
nation comes in fee historic 
first document to deal specifi- 
cally and solely wife homo- 
sexuality to be Issued by the 
Sacred Congregation for fee 
Doctrine of fee Faith, fee 
former Holy Office and the 
Vatican’s highest arbiter on 
questions of wife and morals- 

The document is signed by 
Cardinal Ratzlnger, the 
Church’s German watchdog 
over doctrinal questions, and 
was approved by the Pope. 
The mark of the Pope’s own 
views is heavy oo it 

The document takes the 
form of a tetter to Catholic 
bishops and opens by pointing 
out tut fee subject of homo- 
sexuality and the moral 
evaluation or homosexual acts 
pave increasingly become ft 
matter for public debate. 

**Since this debate often 
advances arguments and 
makes assertions inconsistent 
wife fee teaching of the Catho- 
lic Church, it is quite rightly a 
cause for concern to uti en- 
gaged in the pastoral ministry,' 
and this congregation has 
judged H to be of sufficiently 
grave and widespread im- 
portance to address to fee 
bishops of fee Catholic 
Church this tetter on the 
pastoral care of homosexual 

The condemnation of homo- 
sexuality is seen to be con- 
tained in Old and New 
Testament teachings begin- 
ning right back at Genesis. 

The document says: “To 
choose someone of fee same 
sex for one's sexual activity is 
to annul the rich symbolism 
and meaning, not to men turn 
fee goals, of the creator's 
sexual design. Homosexual 
activity is sot a com- 
plementary union able to 
transmit lue: and so it thwarts 
the call to a life of that form of 
self-giving which the Gospel 
says is the essence of Chris- 
tian tiring. 

“This does not mean that 
homosexual persons are not 
often generous and giving of 
themselves; bat when they 
engage in homosexual activity 
they confirm within them- 
selves a disordered sexual 
inclination which is essentially 

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48% APR 

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36 Monthly 
Payments of 

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1.4GHIA XR2 


£1100.01 £1340.44 £1350.85 

£140.19 £170.83 £17226 

£64621 £788.12 £79425 

£614625 £749022 £2548.61 

£3351.10 £3377.13 

£82.12 £100.07 £10024 

£251.42 E2S3.11 


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Payments of 

Charge for Credit 
Total Credit Price 

48% APR 

Initial Payment 
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36 Monthly 
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Charge for Credit 
Total Credit Price 


1.8GL 2.0i GLS XR4x4 

£9618.11 £1281123 

£149525 £1686.45 £192322 

£190.60 £214.93 £245.16 £326.56 

£879.42 £991.70 £11312 £1506.62 

£8357.15 £342333 £1074938 £1431835 

£4216.12 £480926 £640527 

£28024 | £31629 


£143.60 £19129 

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s efi« 

Democrats left behind 
in record spending 
on television campaigns 

. tiviu r i 

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V xJtvo^.rvo J 

From Michael Brnyon 

, As the close Senate contests 
m “® inid-tenn Sections 
enter ther final, frantic week, 
®“*Jidates are spending re- 
cord amounts of money on 

television campaigning. 

But Republicans have spent 
ghnost twice as mwrf» as 
Democrats, who are having 
difficulty in maldiing theli M 


conservative groups smH po- 
litical action committees. 

.The House and Senate can- 
didates have spent some $300 

Keans have a great financial 
advantage: The actual parties 
are Kmited by law in what they 
can contribute to individual 
candidates from central funds, 
the amount being determined 
in each state by that state's 

But the Republican Senate 

gfcnpismfflimjomof e£aT5d3* 

spend the n«imum alW 

of which a third has come 
from special interest groups. 

Spending by midOctober 
was up 25 per cent over the 
comparable period in the 1984 
congressional elections, ac- 
cording to Common Cause, a 
citizens' lobby which keeps 
track of election spending. 

in all states, and has already 
leached the legal limits in 
many key races, including 
California, Louisiana, and 
South Car olina 
The Democratic commit- 
tee, trying to stretch fer more 
Kmited resources, has so fir 
Spent die m«rimnm only in 

n ■ «• “ ; w t mm, uioAuuuui wuit m 

Republicans are outspend- North Dakota and Oklahoma, 
mg Democratic candidates m Both parties contributed 
the 34 Senate races by $86 $1.2 milfm n to the cost of 

million to $56 million. 

In the House contests, 
whore there are more Demo- 
cratic incumbents, the Demo 
crals lead, paying out more 
than $82 million so fir, com- 
pared with $73 millimi by 
Republican contenders. 

Control of the Senate is the 
critical issue in this election, 
and it is here that the Repub- 

televirion advertisements dur- 
ing the first half of this month. 

But the Republican com- 
mittee also spent $2 million to 
help its candidates with such 
things as media, post and 
telephones, whereas the 
Democrats spent only $13 

millio n. 

The parties' overall dona- 
tions to Senate candidates 

End of the gender factor 


triti 1 . 

Women move into 
big-time politics 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

Meet Mikulsky the can- nedy Townsend, a member of 
didate She is proof that the famous Kennedy daw, 
American women rave finally topped that by raising $1.7 
erased the g ender factor as milli on, 
they run in record numbers for The ability to raise such 

stale and national offices in large amounts re presents an- 
the mid-term elections to be other breakthrough, according 
decided next week. to Irene Nafividad of the 

In raTftpaign H ipronrm , she National Women’s Political 
is not Ms or Mrs but simply. Caucus. 

Mikulsky of Maryland. In In the past, women were 
newspaper articles, the in- definite underdogs in the 
evitable references to women mant^-raising game but the 
candidates, "the first female gap has dosed rapk 
running for” or “only the gender has become 
second woman to achieve”, important, 
are conspicuously lacking. In marked contrast to -her 

Pollsters who have been 1982 race lor the S enate , 
fueling the pnise of America in Lieutenant-Governor Harriet 
this lacklustre election report Woods of Missouri said she 
♦hat the sex of a cai jitiriatg is now believed that “women 
no longer an important factor, can raise as much as men 
as it was even two years ago when they are ru nning in 
when Mis Geraldine Ferraro com parable situations. ” 
became the first woman nomi- This year, as the Demo- 

nated as • a vice-presidential cratic c andi d at e, she has 

raised more than $2 million 
The chang e in voter atti- for an open -Senate seat in 
tr»df»«e has fed to a number of which she is a slight favourite, 
firsts. In Nebraska, both par- more than her Republican 
ties broke with tradition and opponent, the former Gov- 
nominated women as their ernor, Mr Christopher Bond. 

But in 1982, a dejected Mrs 
Woods was forced to cancel 
critically important televirion 
advertisements in the last 
week of the election because 
her treasury was depleted 
Many hhwMH tbk for her 
loss by only 26,000 votes, out 
ofa total of 13 million cast, to 
the wealthy incumbent, Sen- 
aim John Danforth, sdon of 
toe Rakton-Purina family. 

By moving into toe mam- 
stream, beyond the “Btfle 
woman” image which has 

dogged past campaigns, 

women have become targets 
of harsh rhetoric and the 
personal attacks which male 
candidates have fielded for 

This is especially true in tins 
election year, lulled by poll- 
sters as one of the nastiest in 

gains m campaign financing i^esTrbey are 

candidates for governor, a dominated instead by per 

mflestooe in US history. sonafities and local agendas. 

Equally important, _ the Ironically, nowhere is this 
women are not traditional more app a re n t than in toe 
female candidates who auto- Maryland race fin: die Senate 
statically espouse women's hr which Mikulsky, a Demo- 
issues. • crat who is favoured to win, is 

Helen Boosalis, a Demo- running against Linda Cha- 
crat, is a seasoned ca mp aign e r vez, a former official in toe 
who formerly served as the Reagan White House, 
popular Mayor of Lincoln, in television ads fH 
Nebraska- Kay Orr, a Repub- innuendo, Chavez has accused 
jean, is a fiscal conservative the unmarried Mikulsky, a 
who is state treasurer. fiery feminist, of being “anti- 

Aliogether, these liberated male ” soft on communism, 
women, candidates as diverse mid “a San Fraudsco-styte 
in attitudes as their male Democrat,” meaning a liberal 
rounterparts, are running for who supports gay causes, 
jffices in almost every state. Mikulsky has resp on ded 

There are 63 who are lead- with uncharacteristic re- 
in® party candidates for House strainL “They find her glam- 
>f Representatives seats; more ourons and they find me 
ban 20 are running in the 36 attractive,” toe quipped, 
rates which have governor- Indeed, the polls show 
hip races this year, seven are the working-class steelworkers 
-mining for toe Senate and an mid dockwoikers who gave 
sthnated 40 women are run- Mikulsky her start in the 
iit»g for tie state offices of ethnic districts of Baltimore 
ieutenant-governor, trea- remain fiercely loyal to their 
mrer, attorney-general and former Representative, 
secretary of state. This is despite the fact that 

This does not indude she often comes across as a 
women candidates for state frumpy, sometimes loud, po- 
egisiatures. litical anachronism who es- 

As their numbers have pouses social programmes 
rrown, women have made that went out with the Great 
jlher important gains in the Society, 
sitical area of campaign “She is one of us,” ex 
mandng, often the deeding plained an unemployed dec- 
actor in the media-do minate d Tri con who remembers her 
rorid of US politics. This door-to-door campaigns for a 
Fear, women are ca n d id a t es in House seat 
our of the most expensive Ms Chavez, on toe otter 
aces for the House, in which hand, is regarded as a smoom- 
he money raised exceeds $1 talking “carpetbagger,” who 
trillion (£700,000). came to Maryland via Cafrfor- 

Represe mariv e Helen Bent- -nia and the Reagan White 
jv a Maryland Republican, Houses to further her personal 
ias raised a record $878,000 career. She is a new resident of 
br a female incumbent but the Maryland suburb of 
ter challenge^ Kathleen Ken- Montgomery County. 

Kathleen Kennedy Townsend: 
gams in campaign financing 

candidates for ^rvemar, a 
milestone in US history. 

Equally important, a the 
women are not traditional 
female candidates who auto- 
matically espouse women's 

Helen Boosalis, a Demo- 
crat, is a seasoned ca mp aign er 
who formerly served as the 
popular Mayor of Lincoln, 
Nebraska. Kay Orr, a Repub- 
lican, is a fiscal conservative 
who is state treasurer. 

Altogether, these lib erated 
women, cand'*i fltES as diverse 
in attitudes as their male 
counterparts, are ru nni ng for 
offices in almost every state. 

There are 63 who are lead- 

states which have governor- 
ship races this year, seven are 

running far toe Senate and an 
estimated 40 women are run- 
ning fin - the state offices of 
lieutenant-governor, trea- 
surer, attorney-general and 
secretary of state. 

This does not include 
women candidates for state 

As their numbers have 
grown, women have made 
other important gains in the 
critical area of campaign 
fi nancing , often the deoding 
factor in the media-dominated 
world of US politics. This 
year, women are eandi d a t es m 
four of the most expensive 
races for the House; in which 
toe money raised exceeds $1 
million (£700,000). . „ 

Represen tativ e Helen Bent- 
lev. a Maryland Republican, 
to raised a record $878,000 
for a female incumbent but 
her challenger , Kathleen Ken- 

total around $9 million, and 
are sent to toe most s train - 
ocaHv-olaocd states. 

The most has gone to 
America's larsest state, Cali- 
fornia, where the Republican 
challenger, Mr Ed Zscfran, has 
received $1,112,000 com- 
pared with the $586,000 that 
the incumbent, Mr Alan Cran- 
ston, has received from 
Democratic central funds. 
Overall, the highest contribu- 
tion was the $1,170,000 that 
Senator Alfonse D’ Amato re- 
ceived from the Republicans 
to defend his New York seat 

The key races earning the 
most Republican money in- 
clude, in order. Pennsylvania, 
Honda, Ohio, ffiinois. North , 
Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana 
and South Carolina. 

The Democrats' list also 
starts with California, fol- 
lowed by Florida, Missouri, 
Lousi&na, Pennsylvania, ! 
North Carolina, Georgia, Ala- 1 
bama, Washington and 

The question of payment 
for President Reagan's cam- 
paign trips has again becomes 
political issue as he continues 
with his nationwide rallies. 

White House and Repub- 
lican party officials insist that 
all his travel, lodging, food 
and organizational expenses 
are paid by Republican can- 
didates and qtaip party 
organizations. . 

The world's first robot-shaped building, the £8 million, 19- 
storey Bank of Aria in Bangkok, which its Thai architect 
calls a mix of prat-modern aarithm and high-technology. 

New body 
to attack 

By Carofine Moorehead 

A new international hmasn 
rights body. Article 19, so 
called after the danse of 
freedom of opinion and ex- 
w es s io n hi the 1948 Universal 
Declaration of Human Rights, 
was fanwrhrf hi L ondo n yes- 
terday “to document censor- 
ship, defeat the censors and 
help toe censored”. 

The organization, hugely 
assembled by Mr Martin 
Ensals, former secretary-goi- 
end of Amnesty Interna tion al, 
was the brauchOd of Mr 
Roderick MacArtbnr, a Chi- 
cago philanthropist and jour- 
nalist, who arranged fending 
before his death in 1984. 

Aftide 19's staff of eight 
will ran a co mp u te r-based 
centre in south London provid- 
ing in fo rmation about censor- 
ship, conduct research and 
eventually produce reports on 
freedom of information all 
over tiie worid. 

Other organizations, most 
particularly Index on Censor-- 
skip, already provide an eff- 
i ecthre service in this corner of 
human rights. Where Article 
19 will differ, says its new 
director, Mr Kevni Boyle, is in 
its scale and its role as 
campaigner and lobbyist at the 
(JN, where it will emphasize 
censorship as a violation of 
h uman rights and make free- 
dom of opinion and expression 
a matter of international con- 
cern and research. 

Swedish unions tamed 

State workers lose 
pay parity battle 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Industrial action by state 
and municipal workers that 
has disrupted Sweden's usu- 
ally efficient welfare state for 
the past month ended yes- 
terday in defeat for the unions 
on the crucial issue of pay 
parity with private industry. 

The central organizations 
representing the unions, vital 
components of the so-called 
Swedish model for wage 
bargaining, which has guar- 
anteed post-war industrial 
stability, were threatened with 
a revolt by individual unions 
which had expected a better 

In the end, after the most 
complicated and drawn-out 
dispute in toe public sector, 
the unions were riven 8.8 per 
cent, a rise of only (X3 per cent 
on the Government's last 
offer, the spuming of which a 
week ago led to a strike of 
30.000 workers and a work-to- 
rtile by another 200,000. 

The 8.8 per cent must now 
be divided between the vari- 
ous unions concerned, repre- 
senting 1.5 million workers. 

Even as toe settlement was 
announced, the nurses’ union 
demanded that its members 
should receive the whole 8.8 
per cent at the expense of 
other employees in day-care 
centres and municipal admin- 

Mr Store Nordh, chairman 
of K.TK, the central bargain- 
ing organization, admitted 

“Of course I am not 
satisfied,” he said. “We have 
achieved an improvement for 
our members but we were 
simply faced with forces for 
too powerful for us to win the 
issue of pay parity with the 
private sector.” 

He said he bad no {dans to 
resign and added: “Our mem- 
bers are sensible. They know 
what we were up agaiuSL” 

The settlement of the dis- 
pute is a victory for the 
Socialist Government beaded 
by Mr lngvar Carlsson, toe 
Prime Minister, whose ami- 
inflationary policies would, 
have been wrecked by an 
agreement on pay parity. 

The settlement, in which 
state mediators played a vital 
role, was a defeat for the 
tendency towards increased 
militancy among public sector 
unions, held responsible in 
recent years for holding the 
public to ransom in pursuit of 

Public opinion, tradition- 
ally left-orientated, had veered 
completely against the unions 
as Swedes watched geriatric 
patients shunted between hos- 
pitals because of ward clo- 
sures, and were left holding 
the baby when staff walked 
out of day-care centres. 

In its low-key way, the 
settlement probably repre- 
sents a domestic watershed 
comparable to that of Mrs 
Thatcher's taming of union 
militancy in Britain. 

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Chirac to make 
statement on 
terrorism and 
Middle East 


Rebel bishop welcomed in Tulsa 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

M Jacques Chirac is consid- 
ering makin g a policy state- 
ment on terrorism and the 
Middle East “within the next 
10 days", the Prime Minister’s 
office said yesterday. 

The announcement came as 
politicians on both right and 
left stepped up their pressure 
on the Government to clarify 
its policy on the Middle East 
and to give Britain more 
support over the Hindawi 


The policy statement would 
be made just before the meet- 
ing of the EEC foreign min- 
isters in London on Nov- 
ember 10, at which Syria’s 
involvement in terrorist acts 
is again likely to top the 

According to M Jean-Ber- 
nard Raimond, the Foreign 
Minister, France has already 
accepted nine of the 11 mea- 
sures put forward by Britain 
on that issue-at last weekend's 
meeting in Luxembourg, and 
would also be prepared to 
back a ban on arms sales to 

M Denis Baudoirin, the 
Prime Minister’s spokesman, 
yesterday firmly denied the 
existence of any deal with 
Syria on securinga truce in the 

• terrorist attacks against 

However, he did confirm 
that France had made contact 
with “certain Arab states” 
over the Paris bombings, 
some of which had provided 
“some very valuable inform- 
ation”. He insisted that Syria 
had never asked for anything 
in exchange for its help. 

In particular, no new arms 
contracts were in the offing or 
were envisaged. 

The last contract, concluded 
by die Socialists in July 1984, 1 
had included the sale of anti- 
tank missiles. 

Measures had been taken to ! 
block that contract, and no 
arms had been delivered to 
Syria since March 1 6, the date 
that the right was returned to 

According to Le Monde, the 
Government had obtained 
Syria's help in imposing a 
truce on the terrorists in 
exchange for a promise of 
arms and money for Syria. 

It was dear yesterday that 
few people here believe the 
Government's repeated assur- 
ances that it never has, and 
never wilL enter into any form ! 
of negotiation, direct or in- 
direct, with the terrorists. 

The Rev John Pasco, left, disciplined by the Church in Oklahoma for opposing the ordination of women, greets the Bishop 
of London, the Rt Rev Graham Leonard, in Tulsa, against the wfehes of die Archbishop of Canterbm*y and fellow bishops, to 
conduct a co nfirm ation service at a parish la conflict with the local Episcopal diocese. 

Tariffs start US-Canada trade war 

From John Best 

A mini trade war has broken 
out between Canada and the 
United States, the world's two 
largest trading partners. 

A succession of new tariffs 
imposed by the US in the past 
several months have intim- 
ated many Canadian poli- 
ticians and acutely embarr- 
assed Mr Brian Mulroney, the 
Prime Minister, one of the 
most staunchly pro-American 

Canadian leaders since the 

The imposts are especially 
ironic as they came in the 
midst of negotiations between 
the US and fanaHa, aimwl at 
removing the remaining ter- 
riers to bilateral trade. 

Earlier this - week, he went 
on US television to warn 
Americans that they would 
pay dearly for a IS per cent 
duty imposed on Canadian 
softwood lumber by the 
Reagan Administration in 


He used words like "per- 
nicious”, “vexatious” and 
“harmful” to describe the 
countervailing tariff which 
affects $Can4 billion (£2 bil- 
lion) worth of Canadian ex- 

He said that an ordinary 
American citizen would have 
to pay more to build a house 
because of the tariff. 

This sounded a little like a 
cry for mercy by the Conser- 
vative Prime Minister, who 

iwo years ago everyone was 
offered a chance to share in British 
Telecom^ future as a world leader in 
Since then BTs continuing com- 
mitment to improving the scope and 
quality of its products/^^S^\ 
and services has ^ / 
ensured that its 

customers as well as its shareholders 
have profited. 

There is still much left to be done. 
The task of rebuilding Britain^ 
telecommunications network is a 
massive one and long overdue 

Over the last two years the mod- 
ernisation programme has been 
significantly speeded up and the 
equivalent of more than £5 million 
per day has been devoted to the 
reshaping of systems and services 
One new digital exchange is now 
coming into operation every day 
These new exchanges,alongwidi the 
optical fibre cables that are rapidly 
replacing die old networks, are 
dramatically improving the quality 
and speed of services; they form the 
basis of a technological revolution. 

frkjor changes are 
taking place, de- 
signed specifically 
to improve service to 
the customer Laigsscale investment 
is under way in areas such as auto- 
mancfoult detection and the compu- 
terization of directory enquiries and 
customer service systems 
Better quality of service depends 

» •• 

f .. v-y. 

■ 4 * i£j 


' i -r 

1- • . ' . ' ' Vw At 

»atv<a»» W < »l BW Jit w m ■ W i ll * t « i m 

' ta mc a. • — • . . ‘ 

«*.» » nasiixjrz St-fiCv UMrreu r*CBHAtr wn.i ttmuaasr 

. « 

ultimately on die ability of all who 
•work forBritishTelecom to recognise 
and respond quickly to customers’ 
needs The commitment and enthus- 
iasm of our staff are just as important 
as the systems and technology we 

Almost afl our staff are also share- 
holders in the company and this 
direct participation in BTs future 
has provided an additional incentive 
for us to put the customer first. 


Hand in hand with improvements 
to the basic telephone network there 
has been an increased commitment 
to community services. £160 million 

is being spent to provide new and 
better designed public call boxes, 
many of which operate with cards 
instead of cash. » - ® « BB 
Already the equip- \ 

ment in every London / 
phonebax has been St 

modernised and across the country 
there are now more call boxes than 
two years ago. 

The free ‘999’ services are becom- 
ing even more efficient thanks to 
BTs digital systems. 

A special unit within the company 
is devoted to the development of 
technology to help disabled custom- 
ers use die phone service more 

'riJz ' : V&w*v-J. v .v •"£; . . ‘"r.iu.: . a. '■ 

Two years on, 
it isn’t just shareholders 
who are sharing in 
British Telecom's success. 

aaraag -- 

Every public phone for JpSlM ' 
example is now fitted -4 jfljgf ■ ij 
with a device to help 
the hard ofhearing. 

Over two years British Teteo>m 
will have contributed to the 
Exchequer more than £23 billion in 
taxes,interest and dividend pay- 
ments --much more than was paid as 
a nationalised industry. 

Our commitment to buy British 
whenever possible is unchanged. 

More than 90% of our purchases 
small and medium sized companies. 

All this has been achieved at a 
time when our prices, overall, have 
been kept well bdow the rate of 

Above all our aim is to provide 
value for money across a wide range 
of products and services, each 
tailored to customers’ particular 
needs and priced accordingly 

We are living in an era of innova- 
tion in communications and British 
Telecom is playing its part, both in the 
United Kingdom and developing 
British interests around die world. 

The revolution in communica- 
tions promises a future that will be 
limited only by die bounds of our 
imagination or by our readiness to 
accept change. 



G erman manoeuvres 

British try to limit 
damage to the 

local environment 

From Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 
WHlebadadessen, West Germany 

On a large makeshift table in foe Nate 
in tbe entire of a disused Germany trtM* ngjiW 
brickworks transformed into a last yea r d ^ ^ 

temporary military bead- with a qnfer 
quarters, the movements erf being met hf SSfaSE 
adorned wooden blocks rep- tad tbe rest by Bntam and the 
resent the disposition of foeces NatpalBes- 
in tins year’s largest exercise The cost of 
for British troops in West for damage e arned by Eternal 


Bd for military com- 
manders in BAOR the equally 
important statistics rf Ex- 
ercise Eternal Triangle were 
being logged on a map on a 
wall across tbe room. 

Dozens of ydlow and orange 
pins detailed incidents that 
could bring complaints from 
fanners and local residents, 

Triangle is estimated at be- 
tween £3 mBfion and £4 rad- 
ian. and the phrase most 
heard from senior military 
coamndas is “value for 
damage” - that the training 
benefit of a particular man- 
oeavre, for examplejsenfinga 

tank* across a farmer’s f 
is worth the price of 

has been under merciless at- 
tack from tbe Commons 
Opposition for continuing tbe 
free-trade talks in the face of 
repeated American proteo- 
tionist actions. 

Tbe American Administra- 
tion, in adopting the mea- 
sures. has been responding to 
congressional pressures gen- 
erated by foe 5 Can 12 huuon. 
to $Can20 billion surplus 
which Canada regularly runs 
in its merchandise trade with 
foe US. 

by press comment entianng 
its attitude towards local opin- 
inn an allegation den i ed by 
senior officers. . 

They point ost the lengths 
they go to to explain to 
nsMtnts and dvfl aotbotihes 

tte need fm such exerrisesand 

the efforts taken to mnrimfce 
dflw| «ge. For exs m p l e , on the 
present exerc is e 150 troops 
are permanently en gag e d on 
da mag e controL They repair 
fences and hedges, and dear 

tanners am uou rshcdu, b» »unu 

the inevitable resalt when compensation that wul nave ®o 

214)00 troops, 350 tanks, be paid. . , , . . 

4,060 vehicles, aircraft and All troops mM rjowii to 
heficopters play war games in private, are bnefed wnn me 
a 20fr-m3e-long, 50-mflwride message off environment* care 

corridor of cental Germany, and damage controL 

Roads become dogged with TheArmy has been angered 
mad, crons crushed/ farces by press comment cri ti cizing 
bnfidings scraped its attitude towards focal oprn- 
aad oil qtilt across fields. km, an allegation dmied by 
- ■ senior officers. . 

Actions tove to 

06 explained residents and dvfl authorities 

■ the need finr such exercises and 

In any f at a r c conflict the the efforts taken to minimize 
enemy may well be the War- For exa m p l e , on the 

saw Pact forces massed across present exerc is e 150 troops 
foe border, bat today the real m permanently engaged on 
battle is to convince aa damage controL They repair 
increasingly sceptical West fences and hedges, and dear 
German pubfic that the noise, roads of layers dmmL 
disruption, d a m a ge and mri- Major-General Tony Mid- 
sance that are tire side effects aanmander of foe First 
of such exercises are worth- Armoured Division tad dhec- 
white. tor of the Eternal Triangle 

Campaigns by the Green exercise «»«■*• «| believe foe 
Party against the en viron- Germans accept the need for 
mental effects of military exercises bat they are not 
manoeuvres, adverse local prepared to accept mmec- 
press comment and critidsms essary an d wanton 
from politicians anxious to foal amid be avoided.” 
secure votes in forthcoming There is a wefl established 
focal elections nmke it nee- con^iaiiit and daims adjud- 
essary for mffitary com- ication procednre, and wher- 
nanders to justify and explain ever possible military planners 
their actions more than ever try to avoid staging large-scale 
before. exercises too abeam foe same 

There is a recognition 

among the most senior officers However, it was only a few 
foal, as foe Greens gam weeks ago that the people 
greater mffne&ce m West Ger- ip umrf Paderborn, where 
many and more Germans for- Etenn] Triangle is centred, 
get tbe war ym the more m 60,000 Belgian troops 
difficult it will became to cmm i iiw «im« foe faflfo. 

nces and hedges, aj 
ads of layers of mad. 
Major-General To* 

Major-General Tony Mul- 
kns, commander of the First 
Armoared Dbrishm and direc- 
tor of the Eternal Triangle 
exercise said: “I believe foe 
Germans accept the need for 
exercises but they are not 
prepared to accept unnec- 
essary and wanton damage 
that amU be avoided.** 

There is a well estabfished 
complaint and daims adjud- 
ication procednre, and -wher- 
ever possible mffiteyplanaen 

exercises to^oltei? infoesame 

However, ft was only a few 
weeks ago that the people 
around Paderborn, where 
Eternal Triangle is c e n tred, 
saw 60400 Brigiaa troops 
s w ar ruing across the bffis, 

justify such manoeuvres, forests mdet villages 
which are vital to trafo troops make ap the area. 

in near-combat 
rather than on 



^^Tutoy to combat that foe 
military is putting greater 

effort in to winning over local 
public opinion, ana the sac 
of that campaign rates 

make up the area. 

Presence can be 
a real problem 

Some of foe incidents that 
form foe basis of complaint aie 
minor and are sorted oat with a 

.highly as the lessons learnt little fipkontic tact At its 
from the iowginar y battles worst, however, the presence 

between British and Soviet 
fo rc e V - 

Thoosands of leaflets have 
just been distributed by foe 

of tiie military can be a real 

When foe Eternal Triangle 
exerdse winds down ova- the 

British forces in Germany weekend the battle coutroOer, 

iwumio rfw» maPcK nn - “Min- Rnom&r Jwvmv MwKfdrw 

posing foe question: “Man- 
oeuvres myoor area: fo this too 

freedmn?” They ototine foe 
need for sndi maaoeavres and 
foe effarts made to adahaiae 
damage and provide compen- 
sation when and where ft 

It is an expensive badness. 
In 198* damage compensation 


pdier Jeremy MarKuzic 
be stodyfng the icsnlts of 

as foe ntifttary 
: will have been 

“For me that Is as important 
as foe battle,” he said. “We 
have to keep public opinion 
with ns if we want to any on 
doing fob." 

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Yugoslavia acts to halt 
opposition drift to 
Western democracy 

As the Government un- 
packed a set of measures 
designed to control galloping 
inflation, which will exceed 
100 per cent this year, Yugo- 
slavia's political establish- 
ment stepped up a campaign 
against critical intellectuals 
and other opponents, accusing 
them of taking advantage of 
delays in reforms to offer a 
bourgeois type of democracy 
in plaice of socialism. 

The highest state authority, 
the eight-man presidency, to- 
gether with the presidium of 
the party, senior figures in Yu- 
goslavia's constituent repub- 
lics and trade unions, met to 
analyse Yugoslavia's troubles 
and to confront what is re- 
garded as an increasingly 
aggressive opposition which, 
in the view of the meeting, is 
already threatening the 
country's security. 

A statement called for a 
resolute confrontation with 
“anti -communist forces and 
ideologies" intent on de- 
stabilizing the country, and a 
“clear line of demarcation” 
between justified criticism in 
the search fora way out of the 
crisis and outright, right-wing 
opposition, a phrase which 
embraced recently flourishing 
nationalism in Serbia, Yugo- 
slavia's largest republic. 

The authorities accuse the 

opposition of blaming the 
party for all the country’s ills 
— which presumably indudes 
the party's own inability, be- 
cause of strong resistance at 
local and republic levels, to 
implement programmes ad- 
opted three years ago. 

A memorandum drafted by 
the Serbian Academy of Sci- 
ence and Arts and a petition 
by the Committee for the 
Defence of Freedom of Opin- 
ion were highlighted by the 
meeting as evidence that 
opponents were offering a 
bourgeois model of democ- 
racy and seeking Western- 
style free elections and a free 

The meeting fob that oppo- 
nents were attempting to 
spread mistrust and a view 
that the Communist Party was 
unable to overcome the cur- 
rent crisis. 

The federal establishment is 
worried that such a trend is 
also spreading within the 
party's own rank and file and 
that many leading party mem- 
bers in publishing institutions 
share such views. 

The Serbian academy, the 
oldest and most prestigious 
intellectual institution in the 
republic, has suggested that 
Serbs have not been treated on 
an equal basis with other 
nationalities in the present 

federal structure. Leading fig- 
ures in the Serbian party itself 
especially afer the rebellion in 
the Kosovo region in 1981, 
when the authorities appeared 
powerless to protect the Ser- 
bian population there, share 
this feeling. 

Five years after the Alba- 
nian riots in Kosovo the 
exodus of Serbs has been 
gaining momentum and, ac- 
cording to recent figures, 
about 2,000 Serbs have sold 
their homes and properties 
this year to find refuge in other 
parts of the country. 

Kosovo provokes strong 
nationalistic feelings among 
Serbs, and containment of 
that feeling becomes increas- 
ingly difficult without re- 
moval of the causes of Serbian 
dissatisfaction, especially in 
that region. 

The Serbian academy has 
responded to the political 
campaign by refusing to take 
part in its own centenary this 
year and postponing celebra- 
tions ontil next year. 

Its memorandum, which 
still has to be finalized and 
approved by the academics, 
accuses the party of inertia 
and says the crisis in 
Yugosalvia has readied such 
serious proportions that it 
could lead to nation's 


Mafia trial 
could end 
in disgrace 

From Peter Nichols 

The mass trial of more than 
400 alleged Mafia criminals in 
Palermo resumed today after a 
day's break marked by efforts 
to save it from an ignsintiaioas 

_• > ' ' * •' 

■ ■ ; • 

V.'.Vv* : 

The trial is taking far too 
long and some of the accused, 
inctading 20 men described as 


to be released cm November S’ 
when they will have been held 
as long as the Law allows 
without a final verdict. 

Even worse, as far as the 
impression it will make on 
public opinion, defence law- 
yers seem determined to insist 
on having read oat in court all 
the documentation concerning 
pre-trial investigations and 
fresh evidence arising daring 
the hearing. 

As this runs to abort 
800,000 pages and would take 
several years to read, an 
acceptance of the request by 
the coart would mean that 
none of the accused would atfll 
be in custody when the verdicts 
finally emerge. 

Soviet cruise liner chief dismissed 

Moscow (AP) — The head of 
the Soviet Union’s cruise liner 
fleets has been dismissed for 
smuggling a suitcase from 
Italy into the Black Sea port of 
Odessa on board a Soviet 
passenger ship, Partinaya 
Zhizn (Party LtfeX the Com- 
munist Party monthly, said. 

The official, Mr V. S. 

Petukhov, was also expelled 
from the party, a step that 
sometimes precedes criminal 
charges against a party mem- 
ber, according to the Novem- 
ber edition of the monthly. 

Another official, Mr P. G. 
Pyanov, deputy chief of the 
Black Sea passenger fleet, was 
sacked and thrown out of the 

party in connection with the 

The magazine did not male 
any link with the Black Sea 
collision on August 31 be- 
tween the passenger liner Ad- 
miral Nakhimov and the 
freighter Pyotr Vasyev, in 
which nearly 400 people 

the Ministar of Justice, de- 
cided on Wednesday to with- 
draw an amendment for 
legislation now before the 
Justice Co mmissi on of the 
Chamber of Deputies. 

His amendment woold have 
cancelled the time spent os 
actual bearings from the pe- 
riod permitted to hold a pris- 
oner before a verdict is given. 

Other parties in the par- 
liamentary commission ob- 
jected to his method and 
preferred die drafting of a 
separate B31 on the snlgect. 
There was also a call for a ftdl 
debate In the chamber. 

Meanwhile in Palermo de- 
fence lawyers discussed the 
position they will take today 
abort the reading of evidence. 

.rv • V'“ r 

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Priest fails 
in search 
for Israeli 
atom man 

An Australian priest ab»*- 

=• ' • 

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• - & ; 

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raft'Pii Biffc ) « wd S ) MidaB unidentified imm ppgri'g nut of the portholes Of the US-OWB£d 

merchant shfoSamij’s Bay, which rescaed 63 Vietnamese boat people in the Sooth China 
Sea and arrived with them in Thaflaad yesterday. Ail are guaranteed reset tlement nadcr an 
International pact aimed at encouraging ships' captains Co pick np boat people. 

Rival halts Sri Lanka rebel action 

Colombo (Reuter) — One of 
Sri Lanka’s Tamil rebel 
groups says attacks by a rival 
organization have forced it to 
suspend all military activities 
against the central Govern- 
ment in the island’s north. 

The People's Liberation Or- 
ganization of Tamil Eelam 
said that it was suspending its 

operations .after some of its 
men were assaulted on Tues- 
day and their arms removed 
by the rival libe ration Tigers 
of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). 

“We understand the Tigers 
are planning to eradicate our 
organization and in order to 
prevent another bloodbath, 
we are suspending all ac- 

tivity,'’ it said in the rebel- 
controlled Jaffna city. 

The LTTE move appeared 
to be part of its attempt to 
override the other guerrilla 
groups in the area before its 
planned declaration of an 
independent state in January 
next year. 

oonea ms 

a. former Israeli nadear tecti- 

nician who revested secreteof 

his country’s nuctearjireenal 
and subsequently disappeared 

^Tbe^Rr^ Jobn McKnight 
said in London that be was 
returning to Sydney after a 
largely fruitless sex-day hunt 
ft/Mi- Mordecfmi Vamum in 
Israel. Mr Vanunu dxs- 


had exposed his country® 
most dosety-gumried secret to 
The Sunday Tunes. 

Mr McKnight said he be- 
lieved that Mr Vanunu had 
been abducted by agents of 
IsraeTs intellegence service; 
Mossad, from London and 
tairt-n to Israel against bis wtiL 
He thought the Israeli was 
being held at the high security 
prison at Gadera. 

The priest said he became 
worried when he received a 
phone cad from Mr Vanunu, 
who said he feared Mossad 
might try to apprehend him 
for.tefling The Sunday Times, 
among other things, that Israel 
had stockpiled between 100 
and 200 nuclear weapons. 

He predicted that Mr 
Vanunu woold be tried in 


McKnight may have failed to 
find Mr Vanunu, but he 
succeeded in stirring a public 
d eb ate on the issue here. Not 
much of it is very flattering to 
Mr McKnight (Ian Murray 

The weekly paper Roteret 
Rashit, called Mr McKnight’s 
visit a farce, but said that, as 
far as Mr Vanunu is con- 
cerned, the official denial that 
he is here will be very difficult 
to retract. “If Vanunu is in 
Israd he has reason to worry.” 

New ban succession < 

Kidnap rebounds 
on Khomeini heir 

By Harhir T rin mni h u 

‘ A political crisis has devd- Murtazerfs aides were sab- 
oped in ban as a result of a seqnentiy arrested and ac- 
pnhfic snub that Ayntofiah cased «f murder, abduction, 
Khomeini, tte country’s octo- treason, and links with Savak, 
genarian spiri ted leader, has the Shah’s secret police. 

gsgsssss ~ fssssa 

“sSTir Ayatollah Mont- «*!£!, 

ayg-rs closest aides and prot^ 

sametilBe, A^mTkSk ^HewsWcdforMeta 

meini has publicized , note of S^i„, »u 

bis to the Information Mm- 

ister, Ayatollah Muhammad SS f ulS mBaat ^ M> * ^ 
Reyshahri, that legal proceed- M “ aenc ' 
tegs against the accused must The prevailing theory in 
continue. Tehran is, however, that Mr 

Ayatollah Montazeri, who Mehdi HashemPs notoriety 
has been chosen by an Assam- has at but provided a good 
Wypf Experts to inherit all the excuse to Ayatollah Moate- 
spiritual and temporal powers zerfs rivals in the Khomeini 
of Ayatollah Khomeini on the succession struggle to weaken 
latter's death, travelled to his stuffing. 

Tehran from Qnm earlier this 
month to appro! oa behalf of 
the accused. He did not suc- 
ceed, despite submitting Ms 

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y i 


The exss was brought to a 
head at the beg inni n g of the 
month with the arrest in 
Tehran of Mr lyad al- 
Mahiaond, the acting bead of 
the Syrian Embassy, by the 
anti-vice squad. 

The Iranian Gov ernm ent 

announced the dmlnut 

had bees abducted by Westen 
agents, per si sti n g with the 
explanation even after the 
Syrian diplomat's release 24 
hows later. Some off AyatoHali 

France to 

The Hague (Reuter) — After 
months of legal wrangling, 
France has agreed to extradite 
to The Netherlands two men 
suspected of being behind the 
kidnapping of the brewery 
magnate, Mr Freddie Hei- 
neken nearly three years ago. 

Cor van Hout and Willem 
Holleeder are expected to be 
returned under guard on a 
special plane. 

Island back 
to normal 

Noumea (AFP) - A state of 
emergency declared in the 
French Pacific Ocean territory 
of Wallis and Futuna eagy on 
Wednesday has been lifted. 

The emergency was de- 
clared because of unrest 
among local chiefs protesting 
about the transfer of eight 
French civil servants, seven of 
whom have already left 

Brick trick 

Melbourne (Renter) — 
Cesare Dichiera, aged 43, a 
glazier who drummed up 
trade by paying to have brides 
hurled through windows was 
given a 12-month suspended 
sentence here. 

Etna erupts 

Catania (AP) — Mount Etna 
shook from earth tremens and 
erupted early yesterday, but 
pored no immediate danger to 
villages on the slopes. 

AyatoUah Mou to afc offer 

of resignation 

M | 



i M 1 

From K» ,i Naynr 

A Delhi court has sentenced 
six people, including five for- 
mer government officials, to 
prison terms of between five 
and eight years for spying for 
the CIA. The officials occu- 
pied senior posts in various 

Th*ry were found guilty of 
supplying classified informa- 
tion to CIA agents in India 
since 1962, including draw- 
ings of Soviet guns, missiles 
and radar. The agents were 
Gratified as Mr WfiK 
Dekkar, Mr James Higan, Mr 
Vewton Dos, Mr David 
Parker and Mr and Mrs 
Donald Schuller. 

A consultant engineer, P E. 
Mehta, was sentenced to 'six 
years tn prison. He was named 
g2^«»taal as the conduit 

formcr officials, 
SEJSWWP of die State 
Maonmg Commission and 
private secretaries to 

teS^«T nsters ’ sen- 
tenced to five years ear*. 

later ruled that 

SSffLa, ***** 

should rjjg concur- 
so all ax will upend 
.three years, m prison. 



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Carter Faber 

The partners of CARTER & CO. and 

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MMMM • wmmmns 


OTM Industries Ltd 
Heme Bay, Kent 

The Administrative Receivers oi- 
ler for sale the assets and goodwfll 
of the above company. 

Currently working from leasehold 
premises the company is Involved in 
the worldwide distribution of 
engineers' tools and equipment An- 
nual turnover to Sept '86 was approx 

For further delate contact Peter 
Bel me. Grant Thornton, Lees House, 
21 Dyke Road, Brighton BN1 3GD. 
Teh 0273 778955. Telex: 877906. 
Fax: 0273 739585. 




finance and leasing facilities 
for ptffdasinfl and equipping 
Nureing Homes. Rest 
Homes, etc. 

For quotations please 


TM: (0903) 212205 





The MM ns ben on tan tor i 

3% HOURS TV I bSSSvE&ii 

Vnur rvwnnanv name on 1 I KM tor nwr mananr ad dfc 

Your company name on 
National Television tar 
314 hours before 
Christmas guaranteed. 

at a naiisltc p«w lor nrlyl 

For U particular*. 
Pteaao wrttt Jtr 

25 Derottfcire Ptae 

Timequart Ltd. 
0926 37373. 

Teh (048182) 3118 



Persuasive, professional 



09274 29186 


A profitable manufacturing, 
soling arto daotouting -com- 
paw of our own products 
with our own sties force fa 
bemg offered for sale due to 
retirement. Excellent 33 ) 03 . 

£&5M per annum. M order 
book, me dean balance 
sheet The company to 
situated in the 
N.W. of England. 

Reply to BOX GS5 

6 bars, 2am license, 
present t/o £3,600 pw 
under management 
£95^00 ono. 

061 2381296 
(4 toes). 

(STATE wno- ter uto NW En- 
gland uto. town. Excellent 
leowmnd ale. wo wue per 
annum piic mdawmaiB. Fur. 
met ortaii*. Principal* only 
please Hrtill' to BOX AS 6 . 

RIO of unoti QM est London AAV. 
I dfi co tt preparing to rriire ma 
i year or two. Meat for younger 
I person win capital- BOX 079. 

town. Well MU. Good porition 
I LNsnokl. Ptv ly to BOX G92. 

don. t/o ( 100 . 000 . Long lease. 
£60. OCX) plus SAV. BOX CM. 

SMALL mptily pronutee security 
Itrm lor sale. For detail. =0892 1 
36B4S Monday - Friday 


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Telephone No. 

Swan House, Swan Bank 
Congleton, Cheshire CW12 1AW, 
Td: Cbngleton (0260) 273272 \ 
T 23)06 

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£95 + VAT + D1S 

For details contact 

01-235 5060 

01-228 8650 Eie/W-Eri 



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01-228 8656 Eve/WEnd 



Edinburgh 40 miles: 
Newcastle Upon Tyne 70 miles; Mi 

mites; Melrose 2 miles. 

A residential teaching college for over 60 students 
and staff. Approximately 55 acres. 

61 bedrooms, eight studies and nine attic rooms. 
Also chapeL library/theatre block with student 
accommodation, lodge (tenanted) two cottages 
and steading. Policies, garden and woodland ex- 
tending to 55 acre approx. Approx 0.7 acre. 
Superb Betting for a variety of potential uses in- 
cluding hotel, sheltered bousmg/flats. nursing 
home, research establishment. 


33 George Street 
031 225 S591 


I cwiBleh Wylye Valhry ae lw t u i 
Balh/SaPslHiry. Lis led Manor 
ranirflfd to B S/C units MdH. 
5 collage. Luxury a DM own- 
ers anon. Swimming pool. 
P/P squash courts Caravan 
pics 2.5 acres. Oftocs over 
£425.000 F/H 1 098551 UR. 

Property tn Soutfi Hants 
town lor conversion to 
Snooker HaD. Wine 
Bar/Restaurams are) 
Retail Shops. 
8.000 sq ft, £340.000. 
Phone 0705 462932. 


HOLBCMM Based type xWog. stu- 
dio Hang Scanlnci cqubxncm 
seeks increased work load and. 
or. merger Income presently 
£l lOK p a- For further Infor- 
mation 0295 840117 






EsaOtaM and MtHtonW i^n- 

jtuamng fa> Mto. nataHriaW 

need aptri 

Reply to BOX SIS. 

PJjmwn Required tor mstnm* 
lor companies m The South 
East involved in Droductton and 
dWton pending rellremenl 
of owner. Reply to BOX EBB . 

C S 0.000 W CASH available from 
pmMe buatmman with tune 
* omul Any Hi too legal con- 
W dered R eply in BOX AIE 


•mormed A tufceed. The Proo- 
eriy DeveMprmnt Review'. 
Camn rtoge <02231 3I24S7. 

OMDOR Bleu cook, new ndiu- 
ww. Shropihint. Profit share 
0992 Bt I5R for deuuto. 


Brewing up 
a venture 

with taste 

By Brian Collett 

Many a good beer has flowed in with the 
real ale boom. The movement has 
spawned new brews, new breweries and 
new brewers - and at Wiveliscombe, 
west Somerset, you will Cod all three. 

Tim Gilmoor- White set up the Golden 
Hill Brewery there six years ago. This 
month he celebrated his l.OOtth brew 
and introduced a new ale. 

The Golden Hill business has grown 
steadily since 1980 but Mr-Gilmour 
White emphasizes: *Tm a small-is- 
beautrful man. I wouldn't want the 
brewery to get so big that it ceases to be a 
family concern.” 

Mr Gilmour- White is also a man of 
many professions. He is a civil engineer, 
but he was farming in the north of 
Scotland when he decided, at the age of 
56, to switch to the less strenuous 
business of brewing. 

He identified a demand for real ate in 
west Somerset, bought a site which was. 
appropriately, part of a brewery vacated 
21 years before, and started producing 
Exmoor Ale. 

His first equipment was “all old stuffy 
almost tied together with string”, but he 
gradually replaced this with apparatus to 
his own specifications. 

Exmoor Ale went out initialfy to just 
eight pubs in and around Wiveuscombe 

but within a few months it had won the 
1980 Best Bitter of the Year award from 
the Campaign for Real Ale. 

CAMRA still rates Golden Hill as one 
of Britain's top 10 independent brew- 
eries and it now supplies about 100 pubs 
from Cornwall to Kent and Sussex. 
Other pubs take Exmoor Ale as a guest 
brew from time to time. 

Mr Gilmour- White dings to his fami ly 
business ethic. “The workforce and 
myself are like a family,” he explains. 

There are no demarcation lines in the 
work at Golden Hill The men who brew 
also sweep the factory floor and are 

Britain’s best small firms 

Two small firms this week shared the 
title of most efficient small business in 
Britain. They are Blnemay, ran by 
husband and wife Bob and Val Butcher, 
of Devizes, Wiltshire, and Donnrint 
Label Systems, of East Kilbride, whose 
managing director is Desmond 

They beat 300 others in the National 
Small Business Efficiency Awards spon- 
sored by British Telecom and operated 
jointly with the Association of British 
Chambers of Commerce with cash and 
other prizes worth more than £20,000. 

The Butchers make thennoplastio- 
threaded fasteners and custom 
mouldings, export to the Pacific Rim and 
nohh America and increased their 
turnover last year by 10 per cent. 

Donprinl, which makes customized 
identification labds, is shortly moving to 
a lugger factory. Mr Donoboe attributes 
success to bis employees' dedication. 

Third place went to Kirton Designs lof 
Norwich which makes specialist sealing 
fin- the elderly and mentally handi- 
capped. A commendation was earned by 
Survival Aids of Cumbria. 

sometimes even called on to drive the 
delivery trades. , . 

“They all fed they have a stake in the 

brewery” says Mr Gilmour-Whrte. hr 

larger concern a drayman loading ure 
hamptc on to the truck might as well be 
carrying blocks of stone. Here we even 
have a profit-sharing scheme.” 

Expansion is not contrary to his soau 

is beautiniT philosophy, but he insists 
that the increasing demand Tor real ale 
must not kill wfaai be has built up at 
Golden HIIL 

However, daring the past 10 years 
about 40 of the 140 newly started mim- 
breweries have gone broke. MrGftmour- 
White sees the warning: “You can t he 
the idealist tndnig iu g m his hobby. Some 
of these small brewers did not do their 
marketing or their book-kee p i n g. 1 have 
been a realist and Golden Hill has made 
a profit. 

“Another important ingredient in any 
anal! business is people, and I have 

exflfTterct people.” 

Golden Hill launched its second beer, 
the slightly more bitter Exmoor Dark, on 
October 14, coinciding with its l.OOOlb 
brew of Exmoor Ate — that's six miltiqp 
pints in six years. 

Safe WM 


Top small 

*Of come I think me sfandd help snal 
businesses more— and this iawhy!” - 





Relocation - make a 
dean break A 


fl. Iai.|f ■ Tafam himimm^thIIi hwi — ta ganUr 

Dfiosn lOtoconvTwicBDOns pic is sowar 
detivsr approximately 23 mflton Phone 

dsGvBT approximately 23 mflton 
throughout the United Kingdom. 

c o nn ect o r s to 

looks annusly 

W you wish lo be consktorad tor induaton in the tovitetton 
to tender please write to the tolowtog address giving 
detafis of your company. 

British Telecom biland Communications 
Phone Book (1.3) 

Room 432 
CheapskJe House 
138 Cheapside 
London EC2V 6JH 

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We htb offering a superb 
opportunity to a Devel- 
oper. Club -or . other 
or ga ni sa tion to create 
water and tencHtased lei- 
sure to the 'Peak District 
National Parle 

The opportu n ity centres 
on our picaresque Bot- 
toms Reservoir to Long- 
dendate VaBoy which fa 
convenient for Manches^ 

ter and South Yorkshire, 
wfth good motorway and 
road links. 

The 50*cro reservoir (ft 
is surrounded by above 
17 acres) has private ao- 
cass road and to being 
oflered by tender on a 
30-year lease from Aprf 
1, next year. 

AppdcMfcns are mquirad by 14 November 18WL 

There to consttonal plare 

nmg permission for 
water dkfing and estate 
fished boat and cat 




Dinghy saffing w«l be 
permitted without restric- 
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boat dass. 

Mobira Fleetman 

At 99p per day! 


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PAGE 23 


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Sir Joh’s own stubborn 
streak could end his 
long Queensland reign 

One constant theme that 
ft^sresoundcd throughout the 
acerbic campaign wSdi c nl* 
mi nates in tomorrow's 
^*ensland election is that it 
?*“ end die career of 
Aus^ha's most successful 
and durable politician. 

Ironically, however, if Sir 
Johannes BjeUce-Praersen is 
in deed f orced to stand' down 
as Premier, it wiD be because 
o f the same dogged refusal to 
compromise that has kept him 
on top for 18 years. 

At stake tomorrow is con- 
trol of the most resomce- 
Dlessed. of all Australia's 
states, which is now ex- 
periencing high . unemploy- 
ment and inflation. 

The substance of the 

a dmin i st ration by the two 
opposition parties. Labor and 
liberal, is that the benefits of 
growth have been mioiwi 
The Liberals, also conser- 
.vatives, who' Stored power 
with Sir Job’s National Party 
fbMS.'.of the past 18 years, 
maintflTP that Since he gained 
■power in Ids own tight, in 
1983 and abandoned their 
coalition, political cronyism 
has become ram pant 
Labor has pressed even 
harder on the corruption is- 
sue, and campaigned addit- 
ionally on the Government's 
questionable social services 
andjob-creation records. 

The allegations have been 
coming thick and fast. Charac- 
teristic of the cronyism claim c 
was the disclosure this week 
that the Government lad 

From Stephen Taylor, Brisbane 
reversed a local council de- 
cision to prevent a large real 
estate development by a Na- * 
tiornai Party offidaL 

Charges Kke these — and 
there have been a number — 
have produced a spate of libel 
writs, but some of the mud has 

Clean government and Sir 
Job's age (be is 75) have been 
the key issues of the campaign. 
The consequence is that no 
one party looks Hkdy to win 
an overall majority, although 
the Nationals acid liberals 
would be able to rule if they 
could renew their coalition. 

The stumbling block is Sir 
Joh himself It is his obstinate 
refusal to countenance a co- 
alition that contains the seeds 
of his demise. 

It was Sr Joh’s decision in 
1 983 to go it alone. Through a 
blatant gerrymander of elec- 
toral boundaries the Nationals ' 
then gained 43 ont of the 82 
parliamentary, seats with just 
38.9 per cent of the popular 

The gaiymaader was even 
more deeply entrenched by a 
redistribution a year ago 
which would enable the Na- 
tionals to hold cm to power 
with only 36 per cent of the. 

Despite indications of a 
disastrous slippage of support, 
Sir Joh has continued to insist 
that he can govern alone. He 
has spumed an offer of a new 
coalition, extended during the 
campaign by Sir tomb 
K noxTue liberal leader. 

Sir William responded on 

‘ Ex-spy bound by 
contract, claim 

Sydney (Reuter) — ■ The Wright’s lawyer, told the con 
1 British Government told the yesterday that the action of ti 
Supreme Court here yesterday British Government was d 

Supreme Court here yesterday 
that one ofitsfonner spies was 
bound by contract not to 
publish a book about his secret 

Mr Theo Sim os, the lawyer 
representing the British Attor- 
ney-General, said Mr Peter 
Wright, the former senior MI 5 
agent, could not break the 
contract even if the material in- 
Jus book was already in the 
public domain. 

, Sir Michael Havers^ the. 
British Attorney-General, is 
seeking an injunction against 
Hememann Australia, .the. 
publishers, and Mr Wright, 
who lives in Tasmania, to stop 
publication of the book. 

Sir Michael in- earlier hear- 
ings had said the book con- 
tained evidence of treason and 
other crimes by members of 
the British secret service. 

Mr Malcolm Turnbull Mr 

Wright’s lawyer, told the court 
yesterday that the action of die 
British Government was de- 
signed to prevem other retired 

spies from writing their 

The British Government, 
had “dragged its feet at every 
single turn”, Mr Turnbull 

“It is no longex suggested 
that there is anything sensitive 
in the book. This action is 
. designed to prevent other 
retired spdaks from writing! 
thdr memoirs.” he said. - 

Mr Tufribufl said Austra- 
lian public interest should be 
.the oeterminxiig factor in the 
case. . 

“I mean we are not living in 
Albania," he said. ! 

Mr Wright, aped. 70, has 
lived iaTasmania since retir- 
mg from MIS in 1976. 

The court adjourned the 
hearing to a date to be fixed 

Wednesday by outlining a 
draft electoral reform Bin, 
which would end the geny- 
mander, and said he would 
introduce it in the new par- 
liament. Mr Neville Wax- 
burton, a Labor leader, who 
has most to gain from reform, 
has indirai t *d Ins sunnort. 

A hung Parliament woukZ. 
confer an immense res- 
ponsibility on Sir Walter 
GBmbbell who, as Governor, 
is die Queen’s representative 
in Queensbmd. 

Local analysts believe that if 
Sir Joh gets a fairly strong 
r e presentation — perhaps 42 
or so in the expanded 89-seat 
Parliament — the Governor 
would summon h hn , »»d if 
the Premier said he could rule 
with a minority, he would be 
invited . to test this in 


Bat if the poQs are coned, 
and the Nationals are. left with 
a dear minority, the Bgdko- 
Fetersen era is at an end. 

TWo of the Premier’s col- 
leagues, Mr Russ Hmze, a 
colourful and corpulent figure 
who has been the target of a 
number of damaging allega- 
tions, and Mr Michael Ahem, 
a young reformer, have both 
indicated a willmgness to deal 
with tire Liberals. 

Faced with a choice be- 
tween dumping Sir Joh and 
political oblivion, there is 
little doubt that most Na- 
tionals would advise the Pre- 
mier that it was time to go 
back to the form at Kingaroy 
in the Queensland bush where 
he has lived since childhood- 

Singer is 
jailed on 
gun charge 

From A Correspondent 

An ex-soldier of the Kenya 
Aimy, HajulasHyapaxyi Kab- 
assdeh, now a popular singer 
in Nairobi, has been jailed for 
18 months .for failing to 
prevent publication of a se- 
ditious document, “Mwa- 
kenya" and to an additional 
three years for possessing an 
unlicensed sub-machine-gun 
and 68 rounds of 7.62 mm 

' Mr Bernard Chunga, pros- 
ecuting, said the accused had 
been given the gun and 
.ammunition by a Kenya Air 
Force member soon after the 
1982 coup attempt 

A relative found a buyer 
and the accused was told the 
gun was needed by the 
clandestine Mwakenya org- 
anization to raise money in a 
series of robberies, 

Sir Johannes BJdke-Petexsen on what could be his last political campaign. 

The Soviet family in crisis 

Divorce rate reaches 50% 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

A startling picture of domes- 
tic disharmony in the Soviet 
Union is painted hi the official 
youth paper, Moskovskii 

speriaHraw^ table ofSoriet 
specialist! to explain new 
statistics showing Oat nearly 
SO per cent of all marriages in 
the Soviet capital now mid in 
di vorce. 

TTie article, the latest exam- 
ple of the new openness being 
shown by the official media on 
social problems that were 
formerly said not to exist, cited 

the main reasons “why every 
second family is doomed to 
perish” as drinkimL poor 
boosing, sexual difficulties 
and lack of tradition hi modern 
communist society. 

“Half of all people wanting 
a divorce cite the drunkenness 
of one of the spouses — not 
on|y his d iking, hot her 
tbinkuig as weH And tmfortn- 
Rately this statistic remains 
static”, captained. Ms L. 
Mikhailova, a- female judge, 
who was referring to the lack 
of effect mi the soaring divorce 
rate of Mr MDdnul Gorb- 
achov's 15-month oM crack- 
down so akoboL 

The judge also put forward 
Moscow 9 * chronic housing 

nnblfins as an o t W factor 
contributing to the break-up of 
so many Soviet ftwnflW 
“Some couples have nowhere 
to live together. Officially, 
neither of mem is in need of 
improved housing conditions 
(because both sets of parents 
have enough firing space for 
their one child),” the judge 

“But it is impossible to five 
together with his parents or 
her parents. Having listened 
to the reproaches of their 
relatives, haring collided with 
em * other in some rented 
comer, having knocked on 
every door, the young people 
can stand it no longer: another 

The judge also described the 
depressing problems feeing 
many of Moscow’s neiriy- 
divorced coagries when they try 
after the marriage is over to 
swap their flat for two smaller 
ones, or for rooms hi one of the 
city's overcrowded communal 
feds. “I do not think that I 
need to explain to anyone what 
living together after a divorce 
is Hke,” tis judge dded. 

Mr & Agarkov, a Moscow 
sexologist, told readers of the 
popular daily that 40 per cent 
of those fifing for divorce had 


We always like to keep our ears open for any commerris 
you like to make on improving our services. Now 
we*ve made listening to you even easier, 

We've introduced new equipment and telephone 
numbers into our main offices in London and Sheffield, 
which will enable us to deal more efficiently with your 
telephone enquiries and will allow you to dial directly 
to individual extensions in these offices. 

From Monday 3 November the new numbers are as 

sexual problems. Many Soviet 
couples, he added, were un- 
aware that a woman's sexual 
appetite grew stronger towards 
the age of 40, white feat of a 
man was fading away. 

“Every third ma rriage and 
90 per cent of young marriages 
are characterized by sexual 
disharmony ,” fee specialist 
coodnded. “One can sulk, 
bear a grudge or practice 
deceit in the lritdwn, but time 
is no room for any pretence or 
lies in bed.” 

A psychotherapist. Dr Star* 
shenhuan, claimed that a 
growing number of Soviet 
marriages were short-lived be- 
cause “traditions have 
changed, parental authority 
collapsed~there is no fear 
before God or before people. In 
other words, fee external 
mechanism for keeping fam- 
ilies together has weakened.” 

Mr A. Maximov, a reader, 
pointed out that many di- 
vorced Soviet wives experi- 
enced great difficulty in 
getting alimony from their 
former husbands, partly as a 
result of a law that husbands 
must pay at least one quarter 
of their official salary, without 
reference to other sources of 

in Greece 

From Mario Modtano 

The ruling Panhellenic 
Socialist Movement (Pasok) 
has Named its losses in this 
month’s local elections on 
economic austerity, but also 
on instances of incompetence 
and arrogance by those in 

After a meeting on Wednes- 
day with Mr Andreas 
Fapaodreou, the Prime Min- 
ister of Greece, Pasok’ s exec- 
utive bureau promised an 
early shake-up in the Govern- 
ment and the partyto improve 
flexibility and efficiency, as 
well as to restore dialogue with 
fee people. 

In the municipal elections 
earlier this month the Social- 
ists lost the three main cities — 
Athens, Salonika and Piraeus 
— to the opposition conser- 

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London EC2P 2BX- 

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Sheffield Operations Centre, Deacon House, 

Sheffield SI 3GQ. Q742- 529000 


<e Midland Bank pJc. 1986 

Mr Fapaudreou: planning to 
strengthen his government. 

vatives. Pasok candidates 
were defeated wherever the 
Communists (fid not support 


To underscore the Socialist 
Government’s increased reli- 
ance on the backing of the 
Moscow-line Greek. Com- 
munist Party (KKE), Mr| 
Harihos Floralds, its leader, 
called on fee Prime Minister, 
on Tuesday to omline four 
conditions for KKE*s contin- 
ued tolerance towards the 
Papandreou Government - 

They included the protec- 
tion of the living standards of 
wage-earners; fee easing of 
Pasok’s grip on trade unions; 
access to fee state-controlled 
news media and the introduc- 
tion of the proportional 
representation system in elect- 
ions. . , . . 

- Mr Florakis is leaving for 
Moscow today for talks with 
the Soviet leadership. 

Girl Monday. 

Girl Tuesday 

Girl Mfed aesday 

Giri Thursday 

Girl Friday 

Girl Saturday 

Giri Sunday 

Every day to the USA. 

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Results of Law Society’s summer final examination 

Part A: Ori ginal 
& new for mas 

The following students have 
successfully completed the final 
Exa min ati on of the Law Society 

— » .A arons. E J Aboud. O K 
Abraham. L H Abrahamsm. J 
Attwaj C i Adamson ,M j Addison. E 
K.Ajw/OAC Aina. D A Alrry. M — 
K M M Alton. C AW-AWK 
n. B Alturnr. S A ABnuy I2nn 
Honour*). E A s Alder. M E 
Aldrich. G N Alhadeff. S AIL S B AIL 
C L Allen. N J Alien. S □ Allen. G J 
AlUnsan. S O Allison. S Alton. H 
Ati-andL M F Ambrose. H M Amin. . 
AnwftL M A Anderson. P G Ander. 
s oil T Andman. G A Andrews. J H 
Andrews. K M j Andrews list Ctass 
Honours]. N a Andrews end dan 
Honours). N K D Andrews. P D 
Andrews. J S Antefl. S T AbOcooL F 
M K Apthorpe. L J AnnflekL F M 
Arnutiqiig. J A Armstrong 1 2nd cuss 
Hono urs]. L ArmaZrongrM S Arm- 
strong. n e Armstrong i2nd Cbn 
onqursL A E Arnold. M R Arnold. O 
Arnon. _ m Arunotiiayam. E 

AshplanL J T Asti too. A L Ashworth. 

L E Ashworth. M C Amur. N 
AsumaH. s P Alherteii. T A Atkins. C 
H Atkinson. R AtMnson. R D 
Atkinson. R M Attzee. T K W An- 
Yeung. K J Aurott. CE Attslen. E R 
Austin. J K Averts. O M Aves. H ~ 
Avis. S J Awcock. J A C Aytcn, 

N M Babb. S A Badby. G A 



Balls. A J Baker. H C Baker. H P 
Baker. L Baker. H R Baker. S C Baker. 
K Bakiev. G Baldock. L A Baldwin. 
. J Bad. R T BaUa ster. K A H 
Bamoer. K R Branford. T J 
S J BanOeHL S G tertewy. r- 
Barber. K L Barham. C H Barker. G w 
K A 

fcdekar. K I 

M E Barr. A EtourWL D M Barren. S J 
Barren. P M Barry, w j Barry. N H 
Harwood. K Baryar. J S Bass. C A 
Basaen. m R Bastow. j N Baugn. n w 
Baxter. LJ Barman. O J E Beale. D L 
Bear. S J Beantsmore. O J H 
Beardwood. L C Beamum, J M 
Beauctiamp-Ward. C Beaumont. C S 
Beaumont J M Baa von. a Beck, s R 
Becker. E R Hertford. J S Beckwith. ~ 
S Bernard. M J 

~ B eg e m, A A onto, i ns. j u ecu. 
■x H Bcu. S m Ben. E BeiHngaU. S 
BeUm. A St-J Bence. D J Berner. W 
Beniamin Cist Class Honours]. C R 
Beim-Hayle. o Bennett. E M Bennett. 
A N Benson. M P Benson. D a Berero. 

-H1U. B Berman, w E 
C E Best M J 

L BBsay. J H ascheno. . 

BtHtngs. R A L BlilMon. B S .. 

L Btngham. F Bingham. R Binns. R A 
Birch. A Bird. ED Bird. N N BOrelL D 

W Bfcon. G M “ - 

Btsbon. MSI 

Black. N A Buck. P A Btackte. S M 
Biackstiaw. l Blackwell. N J Black- 
wen. J A Blake. T N Blake. C Blewttt. 
V J BUgtL L E Btomstrand. F j 
Btoomer. T J Blower. D L Blum. N s 
P Blundell. K E Btyttlln. H J Boddy. A 
J B0H00. E M Boiloo-Cttoon. s 
Bomsycyk. A J Bond. P L Bonner. S L 
Bonmngton. M BonvtUeOLnn. S E 
Booth. TM Booth. D K BooUirtWd. K 
' Borland, t M L Borrows. 
™ - s-**. - A Boss. J w Baswortb 
(2nd Class Honours). D I Bouchlcr. j E 
Boulle. N V Bowen-Morris. T J 
Bower. M R Bowemun. J C Bowers. I 
W Bowler. D A Bowman. K J S 
Bowyer -Bower. D Boyd. M P Boyd. J 


; - j rTr 41*': * "'1 

Bradshaw. I G P Bradshaw! 1 M a 
B rady. N K Bralltiwalle. j F Bramhal 
G HBnmd- S A Brandeld. A P Bray. 
Bray. R M Bray (1st Class Honours). R 
A Brear. T J Brears. M M GBzeen. D 
J M Brenner. A L Brice. □ 
Webb. C G 
F Bnggs. I R 

^ CR Brittain. 

S M Britton. S P M Broadbridge. J N 
Brockls. J Bromley. □ L Brookes. S A 
Brookes. A Brooks. C L Brooks. D R 
w Brooks. J J Brooks. J P Brooks 
■2nd Class Hanouns). M P Brooks, a C 
~ " ‘ Brothwood. M J a 

X, „ Broughton. D J 
Broughton. C M Brown. J E Brown. K 
L Brown. P A Brown. P W Brown. M 
L Brownsan. A D Bruce. C E Bruce. M 
J BrumwelL K M Brunt. N C BrunL 
D Bryan. M E Buchan. SCL Buck. 

M Burteridgr. J E BucUow. N 
Budd. R W Bund. APB Budgen. S J 
Button. E J BulL P C E Bullock. J S 

Burke. S R Burke. M J H Burn. C L 
BumetL a F Burnett. C L Burnley - 
JoiMB. O R Barren. TMJ Burrows. J 
A Burt. M C Burton. J E N BBMLS 
J Bustled. N M Busdn. L M Bauer, s 
Butter-Game (2nd Clan Honours). N p 
ButL J Byrne. S M Byrt. 

M E CBddlck- P A CafTerky. M J 
Cauagbon (2nd Class Honours). A P 
Callow. F M Callow. S D Callow. A A 
C arnet on. A j CampbelL A s 
campbelL C J G Ca “ 

CamnbeU. I CampbelL 

M Campbell. S J Canham. N B 
Cannar. N B Cannon. C L Capham. C 
■r l2nd Clan Honours). D M 
. K Carbarn. K M S Care. A 

PE Carlisle. F Carmichael. A 

M Carr. M T Carroll. V A Carson. A C 
carter. J B Carter. J C Casaru- - 
Casey, V K Caoey. w J Casey. B . „. 
Casneh. R L casta!. P M Castle. P A 
Cnadita. J E Chadwick, s C Chal- 
lenger. j H Challenor. A M J 
Otanibenam. C_W Chamberlain. D 
Chambers. E R Chambers (2nd class 
Honours). J Chambers. M K J Chan. V 

H Chan. N E Chandler. S A L 
andler. A Chapman. D P Chapman. 
H Chapman. M J Chapsnan. N □ 
Chapman. N J Chapman. F B 
A_H.t 3iar0er . 
P ocneong. 
Cheung. ’ 

Chdvers. J M E Chbnes. SPY Chfi 
S S Chiu. 8 auver. J P Chong, 
Choudhry. W M D Chow. P _ 
Christian. S A Christianson. C K R 
Chu. S S M Out. A Chd*. L M 
Chubb. R L Chubb. H D ChuL DCK 
Chung, a CGrtdge. a R Clark. D J 

Clark. W R B Oark. J MOarta (2nd 

Hgooura). N A Oarke. R E 
. fl A Oarke. S J Clarke (2nd 
Class Honours). J R Clarkson. L E 
Caoy don 1 2nd Class Honours). A 
Clayton. GAM Clayton. P Cliff. A C 
OlffooL a J Clinton. C B Close. A J 
Ooagh. T F Cloynes. S C Coates. P J 
Gockbum (2nd Class Honours]. D N 
Cockle. J M Cockling. M D Codd. M J 
Cody. N P Coe. N Cohen (2nd Class 
Honours). R B Cohen. S A Coleman. S 
J Coles. J A CoStefflL R G CoHtar. E C R 
Codins. L C Collins. R H COUlns ~ ' 
uass Honours). E A CoUinson. « » 
Common ■ 2nd Csa» H on o ur s). D c 
Corns. S M Collls. g j Corabr. C 
Connah. J A Connlck. M Connolly. L 
R R Conway. J Conyers. C R cook. D 
a Cook. J M C Cook. E J Cooke. J M 
Cooke. J W Cooke. S M Cooke. J R 
Cookson. D J Ooombe. D Cooory 
(Mope. D T Copley. S J Cornish. 
Coronet. M B Ooiroran. D N Consuls. 
T Corn, c A Coder. T C Cottenu. k j 
cottren (2nd Class Honours). C C 
Coughlin. 1 D Coupiand. G A Course. J 
C L Court. C M Gourtmait-Oavies. N D 
Coveney. A Cowan. L Cowley. A M C 
Cox. ME Cox. S D Cox. 8 CaxfOnL E 
C G Cox on. C A Crabtree. P I Cramer. 
A J Crawford. J J Crawford. H J 
cressweu. v E Crewe. S L Cron, c R 
Crofts. A M Cronin Cottsnunn. J A 
CrosMe. M H Cross. M L Cross. TDB 
Cross, e F Crosskey. J D Crosskey. j 
Crossley. K A Croosley. N M F 
Croucher. A L DCroud. A j r Crowe. 
H R Cruddas. A J Crumley. M T Cun. 

L CuUtnane. D J Cumbers. 
C um m in s. M A Cnnne cn . 
Cunningham. C J Cunningham. J M 
Cumin. J A Conan. M S Curran, s £ 
Curran. A V Cutting. 

C F Dabezles. P A _ 

Date. D H Daigletslk P Daily. C L 
OaarJF C Darnels. D K Dann. C 
DartiourDe. J A Darcy. B N Darwin. G 
P DaunL S F Davenport (2nd Class 
Honours). A Davey. J H Davey. J W 
Davev (1st Class Honours). W 
David. M a Davidson, a K Davies. 

D Davies. C E Davies. E M E Davies. 
G Davies (2nd Class Honours). G R 
Davies. H E Davies. J B Davies. JDS 
Davies. L C Davies. L C Davies. M S 
Davies. P G G Davies. T S Davies. V C 
Davies. C L Davis. F J Davis 
K F Davis. N P Davis. C L H 
M D Davison. E J Dawes. A W 
Dawson. D M Dawson. J S Dawson. S 
E J Dawson (2nd Class Honours). T 
Dawson. E C Day. N J Day. s Day. E 
L De Souza. IMTDr vecchL Ej De 
WhaUey. D Deacon. J M Deacon. K J 
Dean. J P Deane. A J Dearden. J M 
Deebank. K M Delaine (2nd Class 
Honours). K A Dehunote. P P 
Delargy. A D B Dmpltr. A J 
Dempster. E C P Drone. S Denton 
(2nd Clan Honours). J Derbyshire. 

DesaL K K Desor. 


M R 

.AS Dime low 


Ossa Honours). S 
. FO Dodds. 

P Donovan' Tj'Dwwvan. C J Dooley. 
1 G DooUtUe. L Dootson. M S DoranTH 


Intensive revision courses for 

Law Society Finals Examinations 
(old and new format) 


Prospectus and application forms 

Professional Legal Seminars, 
23, Botteslow Street, 

Stoke-on-Trent ST1 3LY. 

E Douglas. N A Douglas. J f Dowd. _ 
J Dowling. S Dowling. J M B 
Downey. u p c Doye. K J Dmrle. A V 
L Drake. J V Drake. H P Bre w ery. P 
MOlnkwator. HDmdMe. K M Du 
Rocher. D N Doclda. J p A Duffln. G M 
Didce-Cohan. K T Duncan. C R A 
Dumord. P A Dunlop. R C H Dann. M 
A Dunne. A B Dunnlngham. J C J 
Dunstan. P Dunmorne (1st Class 
Honours). S Durey. , 1 H DyUe. A J 
Arson. E A Dyson. P J Dyson. F R R 

_J3 A Eager. R L Earle. J L 
Eddowjes. M J 

Ed wares. □ M Edward- - - 

Edwards. J M Edwards. M J 

M J Edwards. S L Edwards. S W 
Edwards. A M Egan, a B ” 

Honour*)- S C EtUotL 

Honours). D A Ellis. D J Ellis. M H EL 
Its. S L Ellis. A W ElUs Jones. PLEK 
Us-C Oman. J A Elms. C M Osion. C 
B Elton. D E Emhiton. K E Emsf 
E Engel (2nd cum Honours). 

Engdxh. J T T Enser (2nd Ctra 
Honours). S ErtwtaOe. s R EiuwMIe. 
A D Erwin. C J P Evans. D w Evans. 

M Evans. M Evans. M F Evans 12nd 
Cuss Honours). M p Evans. N J 
Evans- R T 8 Evans. S Evans (XH 
Class Honours). S D Evans (is! Cuss 
Honours). T L Evans. S J Evaren. C F 
Ewbonk. D J Ewing, a J Ewtns. J A 
Eyton-Jone a . 

J A Faoey. S B N _ 

FatiBrasCh. G M Fairfax. R w 
FatrhursL H J Ftomaner. J A Fairs. 

A Fair-weather, c D Falk us. s A 

FonOiam. J D Fancy - - - 
a Farauharson (2nd 
T Famed- V J Farrer. 

Fee. K M Fenn. r w 


GG Fernandez. E A St C Ferreira. K 
S Ferris. E Field. T F Field. N J H 
FWa. R M FMdlng. S J Fielding. S 
A L FUon. A R Finch. C M M Finch 
(2nd Class Honours). A Finn. B J 

Fisher. I P Fisher. T P Fisher. J V 
FUzw&oon. N J _ 

Flxsen. J H FJem _ 

FJetchro. K Fletcher. 

neicner. S K M Fieri. A P FIlnL E F 
Flood. J F Fogarty. R E Foley. 5 J 
Foote. D E Ford. D J T Ford. IAS 
Ford. J C R Ford. M P Ford. S B 
Forman. A J ForresL H G Forrest. K 
A L Forshaw. t A Forster. C N 
one. C D Foster (1st Clam 

_ C Foster. D G Foster. E M 

Foster. L Foster, l B IW Foster. T K 
Foster. R J FUuMon. J Fowler. M D 
Fowies. K R Fox. J Fox-Edwards. 8 W 
Frame. D France. JMT France. A J L 
Frauds. H J Francea-Trowe. E A 
Franey. E J Franklin. A F M Franks. 
D j Fraser. - 

Freddetan. L K Freedman. H P 

Fteeman. L P S Freeman, A Kl 
Freshney. M R Frewtn. M A FridaM 
H R Frith. O J Fryer. CS B Funal 
Furber. J E Furionger. I CMto 
Im Fusco. S M Fuiemuin.^l 
■C A GabelLS N Gadd. A Gaff. Kl 
Oa»ar. N w Gamble. H L Gan. C M 
Gannon. K Garberi. S M Garbed. G S 
Carcha. R J Garten. A C Gardner. M 
Gardner. N J Gardner. W M Gardner. 
|D Carnet-Ybomas. A M Garrett. F M 
Gaston. J L Gates. J L Catmdett. K R 
GaunlMs. D M GanL M E Gay. R H 
Geary (2nd Class Honours). P D 
■GeWardL J Geld hi IL E M J GentO. E Ml 
George. M George (2nd rasa Hou-1 
outs). M A Georgiadea. J H German. 
|D Gen. R C OerwaL A Geaer. M T 
GetcUffC. DEG Getty. R A Gibber. N 
C Gibbon. J C Gibson. J S canon. S C 
GBmon. S W GUbey. A H OUL A S CBI. 
□ N GUL N GHL P A GUmour. R H 
Otvear. J A Glttlro. p M GnUns. R M 
Gladwin- C A Glass. J L Glavliui. C Ml 
Golden. D M Golden. P J Golding. A D 
Goldstein. A M CoHMone. M Gold | 
water. R Gooch, s K Gooch. SEC 
Good. E J Goodin. T D Goodman. M J 
Goodrich. C P Goodwin. A GopaL A H 
Gordon. JDS Gorton (2nd Class 
Honours). N J Gordon. P J Gorman 
I (2nd Class Honours)- J E Gorvl n. A E 
Gouge. C M Gough. D C Grand 
M Gowentoek. SDL GwhV 
Graham. M G Grant. R I Grant R M 
Gravtn (2nd Class Honours), A Gray 
■fist Class Honours), a R &ay. I mI 
Gray. S F Cray. R S Grayson. J F B 
Grayston. J A Greaves. J C Greaves. 
Ic A Creen~C S J L Green. E K Green. 


■Honours). R C Green. R B CTeen. D AB 
Creenbank. R H GreenileM. C J 
Oreengross. J D Grerohalgh. I R 
Green way. a I Green-B 
Greer . K J G nog. M C 
■HM Griffiths. SA^ 

.. _ B K 

A I Grossman. AS 
J Grozdanovtc. 

F L 

R G Hadrffl. D 

I Han V a Han. H Han-Graags. J M 
lQD HabalL J E HaSSl. B J 

El J Harnaton. J C Hamilton. 

M M HamBton. W G Hamilton. 

^^•h N m b h£«S« 

Honours). S J Hancock. J M HandeL P 
E M Hanlon. H M 
B J Hamon 

. M p f ' 


list Class Hon- 
N J Han. N A 
SR HarHey. A 
J A Harvey. J 
. R M Harvey 
Hastings. M 
whins. S J Hawkins, 
lan Honours). G M 
P M Haycock. 

Hayes (2nd Class Honours) 
Hayward (1st Class Honours). B M 
Head. K Head. T L Head. M J Heads. 
R^ Heajy . R m Heaiy, B H Hearnden 

(2nd Class 
Heath. A P H 
Class Honours). 


E Heatticote. O 

Heal on o C ll e a ton. D J Hedley. R B 
Medley. R K Heer. M R Helghion 1 1st 
Class Honours). S C Hemingway. C 
Henderson (1st Class Honours). R 

M iKiUKiUi. J K ifenwooa. A 
Hepwortn land Class Honours). M 
Herbert. V A Herbert. B L Herrmann. 
M Heseiton. R Hewiison. H M Hewitt 
P S Hewiri. V J Hewitt. G Heyes, M J 
Heywood. KGA HiddnbottonL J W 
Hicks. K J Hlddertey. S D Higgins. R 1 
HJghley. F G HDdreth. P Hill. S J 
Hlndmarsh. P H HUM. J M Hirst L A 
Hirst, p s Hirst M P Hitchen. H C S 
Ho. SC V Ho. O Hoadley. G P Hoar. 
P B Hoare. C D Hobbs. C E Hodge. M 1 
Hodgson. M k Hodgson. K M Hoff. P 
T flown. C M Hogg. J Hogg. J E 
Hogg. A D B Holden. J Holden. N J 
Holden. S E Hoidroyd. J R Holland. V 
T Holland. J A HoUJnglunsL A 
Hollis. E Holloway. N C Holloway 

J Holman. J M 

L Ws«a. A N t 

(2nd Class Honours). C M Hooley. N J 
H oppST r p HortL W N Horner. S B 
Hornsby. P D Horridge. M j Horton. 


rand cues 

Howarth. T L Howarth. J B Howe. S 
A Howeh. T HoweB. K E HowletL B N 
Howarth. S J Hubner. M S 
■udiaesune. S L Hudson. K □ Hue. P 

LUd&tt D 

LgS|ji|^^Vc R ikBS!r.s E 

M A&, 

togteby. B toman. R M Injunct _ _ 
Jorip. W K B to. A trastorea. A M 
Ireaale. M J Irwin, j a Isaacs. F 
XamotL M-A Rton..R.J Ivanec. A C 
D M L 

weston. M A vyhaney.jWharkm. K AD M 

McCully. K_ s „Mai!SS?^P Man; 


Jennings. A C Joum. o H John. J L 
John. M A John. C D Jotua . g, r 

a Johnson. A Jones. B A JotSTb a 

Jones. D R H Jones. E A Jones. G E R 
Jones. H A Jaws. J M Jones. K A 
Jones. K M Jones. K O Jones. L M 

L T Janes. M 6 Jones. M - E 
M J O Jonra. M L Jones. M W 

Jones. M J O Jones. 
Jones. N H Jane s. P 

■■H) Jow 


A L Joyce. J o Joyce (2nd 
M D Joyce. M E 


^^ v 8KWr - A M Kemd. 
Kelty. C M Kelly 

J a Keny (2nd 
Kelly, s E Kelly 
Kemp, s J Kench. 

Kennedy. B Kennedy 
M Kennedy. D C Kenny, p Kenny 
Kentish. J A KenyonTS J Ker. D Kerr 
S A Kerry. S T Kent*. M Khan. R 
Khan. M W Khan-sherwanL O 
Khoshnaw. K Khushm. m d KUston. 

nan. S Kim. F j King. M B 

M T KnSMbs. CPUMll K KmghL K 
Knight P R Knight T A K KrdgliL R 
AL KnighnLG D KnowkT A K 
Kochhar. BY Kordas. A R Kotecha. N 
Kothare. N KounouMas. M A J 
KowaUk. L Krenca. SM KidkkaraJ. J 
Kumar. V Kumar. N K KumraL A D H 
KwanSSM Kwan. W L Kwok. R M 
G Labadle. P J Labnan. J L A 
Ladbary. ASF Lai. J S Y Lai. K K 
Laird. H Lam. Y 8 T Lara. P R Lamb. 
M C Lancaster. A O Lander. A D 
Landes. A J Lane. J R Lane. M R 
Lane. M S Lane. S D Lane, v s H 
Lanfear. K E UmsddL V Larcombe. e 
L au. H W T Lau. K F Lau. W Y M 
Lau. J Lavery. D A Law. P-h Law. C 
W Lawley. A J Lawrence (2nd Ci« 
Honours}. H V H P Lawrence. P H 
Lawrence. B Lawson. M K Lavnon. J 
Lawton. K o Lawton. M w Lawton. 8 
D LayzeiL S Laser (2nd Class 
Honours). JLMU Vay, A M Leach. J 
C Leach. G E Leather. N p 
L edtogham. C A Lee. CC F Lee. E P 
LwTpy a Lee. C J Leeds. M P Lego. 
H S Legge. F M Lennox, j Leonard. A 
E Leslie. A Lester. P F Lester. M H 
Leth. A H S Leung. C S-T Leung. . 
Levinson. A J Levy. K M Lexvin. 
Lewis. C J Lewis. G Lewis. I K Lewis. 
J Lewis, j P Lewis, s A Lewis. S A 
Lewis. S W Lewis. H P 

W B Leydan. V E . 

Leyland. J J LhkBe. S w Lin. D R 
Lindsay. I □ Lindsay. P s tines. C s 
Ling. W E Ungwood. D A Lion. H E 
Uo&n. F B H LiDworth, A Lister. P A 
Lister. S M Lister. J K Utile. J B 
Utttehates. T W Latter. H S M 
uniewood. J H Uvesey. P h 
L ivingstone. B L Lloyd. J E Lloyd. N G 
UoyiLJLiayif.Wiiiaams.wwK Lo. K 
A undsman. PLLobb. HK Locker. D 
Lockett. E T Lockhart. K E Lodge. C N 
Loewe (2nd Class Honours). D 
Lodhause. C M Logue. K J London. A 
C LongvtBe. E Y-M lot. E M 
Louahran. M J Louis. D K R Lovelock. 
D A Lowers. R C Lowry. K A 
Lowther. K A Lucas. S E M LucateOo. 
J B Ludden. K E Ludlow. I A Luke C 
D Lum rad Class Honours). T 
Lumatz. J ALuqntanL C M Luscombe. 
c E Lynch. SAB Lynch, s J Lynch. P 
N Lythgoe. 

E G McConnell. 8 M McCulloch. _ . 
McDonald. I McDonald. M-L Mc- 
Donald. P McDonneU. M T McGowan. 
T McGrath. K R McGuire. S B 
McDwaine. B McKay. F V McKay. OB 
McKinney. J S McLaren (2nd TTImw 
H onours). K M McNally. E 
Macaskle. A J MacCotsh. C S 
F_ Macdooald. D A 
. H D E Mackenzie. K F 
C A Mackinder. A C 
I L Martachlan. A H 
A Macnish-Porter. S J 
... M S Macrae. A J 
. T J Maddock. s L Maddox 
Honours). J M Maguire. N K 
P M E Magyar. C M 

0^4atawarin& s*MaianL 
R J MaOenrter. K E 
eon. R w Mainas. 
MaRby (lW dm 

D J Mann, j W 

Mann. C M Manning, j Manning (1st 
rasa Honours). T PC Mattock. L E 
Manson. S M Marten. A J Marks. V 
" Mare, a l Marriott e a 

ACM Marsh. B M 

Marshan. n G M»ma. w j 


MarshtfL _N G Marshall, w ' J 
Morshan. C A Martin. C J Martin. D 
M F Martin. M Manta. M L Martin. N 
J Martin. P A Martin. P W Marlin. S 

ras»ftnssM tetfsasLl 

H Matthews. J B Matthews. K 
Matthews. N G Matthews. J C 
Matusiewicz. H Maughan. 
Maunder. O M Mawbey. E 
Mawson. L A Mawson. R D Max. 

B May. S E May. V J McAuiiffe. M 
McCabe, w J McCaffer. E M 
McCaffeny. J A McCarthy. M M 
McCoiLP J McCord. CD McDermott. 
A McDonald. G C McFailane. J A 
McFarlane. J A McFerran. _ 
McCann. M McGee. CMS McGee- 
Osborne (2nd Class Honours). J A 

p k c p B w 

McKeown. M J C McKervey. 
McKiuoo. a J McLaren. J B . 
McMillan. A P McMUUn. H T M 

Morotiy. K A Man myM BW — — — I 
A J Miaray. J A Mur ray, J N Murray! 

ip csto^to^ 
b MrotrHMMH 

Myrnt J m Wm l 


■E Neud. M w— W W 

NettletoiL T NetUetantoHMHM 
INewbokt A C Ne wman- P E Newricfc-I 
CC Newton. W ¥«■■■■ 
M NlchoUs. S fll 


SmUh. A M Smith. A M Smith. A R 
Smith. D Smith. D J Smith. D M 
Smith. F J Smith. F M Smith. G D 
SmUh. H S N Smith. K M Smith. M C 
Smith. M J Smith. N J SmUh. N R 
Smith. P A Smith. P N Smith. R El 

M Overton. A J R Owen. C Owen. 
Owen. M W Owen. W R Owen. P W 

R J Packer. B PagammL K R Page. 
T A C Page. A N Paoe-BaUw. 8 Paine. 
K Painter. S D Painter. A E Palmer, j 
E Palmer. R C S Palmer. G Palos. R 
Panesar. L Pang. D pameuas. J p 
Pappenhelm. D K Poo worth 
Parrich. T E Pares “ ' 

Honours). 8 J Parflri. G E .. 

i C Parker (1st Class 
S J Parker. W M Parker. A 

Parkinson. T J Parkman. R a Parrish. 
D H Party. O M Parry. L Parry, s E 
Parry (2nd Class Honours). D E 
Parry-Jane*. N G Parson. D W 
Parsous. M J Parsons. 1 K Partin' ‘ 

S PasottL J H Pass. J E PatchetL 
PateflekL A Patel. N Paid D S 
Paterson. M PaUnganathan. B Patter- 
SOIL J M Patterson. JR8 Patterson. L 
R Pavlovsky. RAH Pawsey. L M 
Pay. A J Payne. M C Payne. R T 
Payne. N J TPrace. M R Peacock. M 
R G Pearce. J E Pearl, c S Pearlgood. 
G B Peatman. 1 P B Pease, w M 
Peen. A E PeeL M P D Peelers. K J 
Pendlebury. C S PenfokL R P J 
Penfotd. M D PenneU. H M 
PennlngioiFMeDor. N Perry. H M C 
Perera. g M Perkins, c G Perils. E R 
H Perks. T J Peeks. K J Perons. A L 
Perron. KM Perryman. A C Pertotoi 
(1st Class Honours). P R S Petchcy. S 


lASMriL LRSOttx 

M). D M sprackPng. 
IP G C SnratL A E Spriggs. A Sorince 
rad Class Honours). J R Squire. L F 
Sqmres. L C Stane. A M SttaJey. H J 
M^nMJ Stanton. P J Stamlon. M 
ra. W A Stark. S R Stericer 
Honours). K J Sxeele. D J| 
Ip A Steiner (lat Oasa 
H R Sienhros. J Stephens. 

Honours). L A Storey. B J 
StrlngfeBow (2nd Class Honours). 
Stroud. J P Stuart. E J Stuckey 

A surguy rad Class Honours). J L 
Swallow, wl G swan. A Sweettend.l 
R D Swift. R G Swtnburn. B D Sykes. 
Ih a Sykes. S E Symraonds. A J 

RM Taggart. NGThtLG . 

8 Talukdar. S D Tame. NSY Tang. 

N Taenia. J J E Tanner. 8 A 
Tarleton. S TaltersaU. A Taub. M 
Taube. A W Taylor. D Taylor. 
Taylor. L J Taylor. J E Taylor. J M 
Taylor. M C Taylor. M L Taylor. N G 
Taylor. P J Taylor, p M Taylor. R E 

■ bat have not jet compfcted the 
Final Exandnadoo: 

B AIL R N A Dsup. S j Ashworth. R 

M c 

C K Bartiam. A L 
Barnett. M L Bank 
Bales. H M i Bayman, njj 
D G BelL 8 Beitwood. CTBr 
G Barriman. SC Berry, A M 
Birfdnanaw. D C Hshon. M P 
n h Btumezithai. P 
Bead. D Q 

Borkowsid. PX. 

J 8 Brown. S Browning. ___ 

M D n Buck. S M Buride. A H 
BurcomBe. MP Burns. J E Burton. JF 
Burton. H J Butler. A Ml Byron. J F 
Carey. T Can-. D M Carter. ■ ^ ° 
Carter. M D Carter. N D 
canu*. R sera 

V-L Chu. E A 

Clark. W A F Oark- J L Clarke. 
Clarke. P 8 C Oeverty. H R 
H J Coates. M V Cohen. JH 
P M OcmnoBy. P J Cooke. P J 
B Cove, . A p_ Coyne. R AMIJ 


_ _!•. B M L 

CurtteTl K Curbs. G J cuurk. G A Da 
Sitva. J D paisley. P L Danf®*r. M 
DanllUdu, SDarfiiantei. M H Daven- 
oort. j RM Davey. F G Davidson. J R 

Davidson. A G 

WH Davies. N 

M Davies. E C Davis. P Davison. S 
Day. C R De La Fuenle. N C De 
SpevB*. M T D Deagle. m CDkkman. 
J C DUton. A Dixon, a J Dixon. J J 
Dixon. H DJemaL C L Dobnan. A J 
Dosnb. E J Doran. C M L Ddwnd. J H 
g Driver, a s Duck wo rth, p a 
D umtdeton. K J Diana. 

A Eaton. D J Evans, o P Evans. J J 
Evans. S M Evans. D 8 Evanson. M D 
P Ezekiel. M c Fame. J Farms. J R 
Farit. E G Fantworth. V D Ferdinand. 

WHUts. D M Wilson. CMWtajJS 
WH gfc .'js^c jrtek.jF C Young. H R 


The friln wfng students . were 
successful In (Hie or more papers 
bid have not yet completed the 

Final Fvaminati M! 

P A Aktrwge. M AAMandor. M P 
Atexamter. C J Ashworth. S J M 

M Bate. 5 JE MW- ft 2 

Taylor. P J Taylor. P M Taylor. RE A P FfeSter. K A P Flnnenm. D M 
Taylor. S N Taylor rad Class Fireman. A J Ftshbuni. J Fletcher. P 
Honours). S T Taylor. T c Taylor. J e Fort. 6 V Ford. D E Forrester- 
Teas. S W Te as d aic . R TrtanL R M Brown, m C Frisby. A E FM T J 

Fly. A Fuller. C 

Tenvte. T M P T m nakoon. 
Terry. S l 
B ThanU. 

R — 


E Frost. T J 
her. E A 

Plumb.^G P PtumketL 
E Pocock. D^^H 

Pollard. NH 

Honours). I 
CD PosnCri 
HC Potter! 


J M Thornton. 

PL Godfrey . m P Gold. N H 
|K OffHestanl . L P Gorttein. A 
Kjil n D F Gray. 
N G reenwood. J. 
■ J A Gun- 
_ IS S HatcSseEL 
SCO Hagan, F D Mali. G H Ftol. R J 
Hatson. MHantonsan. E M Hanson. P 
J M Hardy. N HotIaM S H arnett. L K 
Harrison. R J Harrison. GGi nar- 
rower. T R Horry. A T L Hart. P J 
Hartley. M J Harvey. M Hawkins. E N 

J M Thorpe- Haroqr. M J Harvey. M Hawkins. E N 

HoUander. TD Holyoak. V A Hopgoodi 
M D Hornby. B Horne. A K Howard. 

tadlce. N A 

RalL E L Ramsay. SARa 
Rantsden. C M Rathbone 
Honours), P Rawi 

A L Husband. JD F toe. S V Isaacs. S 
J lad. S M Jackson. N M Jam. T M 
Johnson-Brown. C N Janes. D Janes. 
r m JaorM. S D Jones. S W Janes. P G 
Katz. G 8 Kaye. J S 
Kempner. M D Kendetd ine- 
Kharbanda. G Ktofllngs. J 
KlUnowfcz. H J Laird. 
S Lam. S Larkman. R 

Ciarige: H PCohen. J NKCotes-A 
CotUnobouroe. E C CarhriL H 

fXwmxn TV A OMSA F .1 tUT' 

pSSia. DAMM.' 5 

S Edwards. A J EngeL S J E noch. M 
A Ferry. D Fiempong. W MFumesk. 
K Gamer. D 0®es. M A C^nniHj. K 
R Goonesena. R C PR Gordqn.-K J 
Gough. P w HandfartL T Hiofley.A 
HaoTC W HWiWi. K Hav en. JR W 
Hayward. M P Hearns. S A Hiitfom M 
J Hirst P Holding. I F Hudson. G P 

H £LJUronL S?j^rwood.SJtffer. J 

J Jenkins. A K Johns. N C -Johnson. K 

MaML T M Martin. P J Mason. A 
D Mathias. P K MaxwelL M MayaB. S 
J McCombe. R A McGeady. D 
McIntosh. M W MelJtstL S J 
Mendefson. A S Merooorls. S M 
Mttnrr. A J MUton. A Mtthal. C J 
Moffett, C E Mogrktoe. R J Morris, D 
M NarimtesaTE C NcBsot. G T 
Newboy. D M NorttirotL H R P 
O’Donovan. C A 0*Kanr. M E 

p N O’Meara.- D Y 

Mrarma. D P Osborne. J 

M Owen. A J Pace. S M B Pascoe. M 
A Perkins. H Rf Perraud. S G PUnL A 
Pnxtttr.BA ProudfooL M C PogllsL 
MlRtteO. T D Rees. L A Roberts o n. 
E M A Roddts. IJ%Hnbbto. E P Ryan. 
JDRyan. K FRyxn.CC Ryiand. FA 
Saada. A M Sachs, a J Samples. A 
SavttnL C E ScbaBekL P M Scott. S P 
ctf Scow. N Shah. P J Shoen art t- 
SmUh. R P Sibley. A K Silk. G Shmn. 
J W SUmev.PJ Smtti. D B StanhUL 
M Stenutn< 

H C Suvemoa. E C 

SUwps. P K Stowed. R Symroons. N J 
Tans. M Tamm. A Y Tsn. A Turner. 
D J umansky. JNN uortear. P R 
Upsa 1 W S Usden. S R VML M 
Wafer. J P Waldo n. NPW Waikro. A 
B Watton. C M B Watting. D J West P 
B wwifc f j Witotog. A J Wttaan.1 J.- 
Wish. J Wood. 

Rawsthom. D 

R Rees. G 


N Richards. N 
R (charts, p W 
L RlcbbetL 
Rtckanl. J E 
SK Ridge. C 
Rtag. DM Riley. D 
KD RDey. N C “ 
iwnkix. n P Rivers, a kbm^ 

obern. E R M < H^oSert3. R J 1 ROtoerri. J 
D Roberts. J F Roberts. MW Roberts. 
N Roberts. S A Roberts. SEA 
Roberts. S H Roberto. AMD 
Robertson. N R Robertson. D A 
Robins. J C Robins. C J A Robinson. E 
F M Robinson. F J Robinson. G A 
Robinson. G K Robinson, j Robinson. 
K A Robinson. M G C Robinson. P C 


G Roden. A W Roderick. C Roderick. 
M N Roderick. P G Roebuck. R S 
Roebuck. K A Roffey. D M Rogers. M 
D Rogers (2nd Class Honours), P J 
Rogers. T A Rogers. 8 M Roife. M E 
RomerU. B J Rose. L M Rase. M w 
RaskelL A C Ross. L A RassaB. H 
Rotheram. J L RothweO. J R Roue. S 
M RouUedge. D C J Rowe. M G M 
Rowe. A K Rowland (1st Class 
Honours): P Rowlands. L K Rowley. N 
Rowley. DAG Roy, F M Roy. J L 
Rubensteln. J R~RuMnssein. L J 
A A De N Hudge. D E 


Wake. A 
Walker. R I W 

walls. S J WaBwork. M L W, 

G M Walpole. I D Walsh, j a Walsh. 

J Walso. s j Walsh, s J Walsh. S 
Watehe. G 8 C Waiters. M M Wallers. 

Walton. P W 
A J Ward. D 
Wart. M T WanL S J Wart. J _ 

S C Wasters. M M Walton. P W 
Walton. I S Wanstal a J Ward. D 
Ward. M T Wart. S J WanL J _ 
Wan t. D R Waring. P J Woman. C 

srsaKJWfcVa' s°Si 

Waters (1st Class Honours). B J 
Watkins. AM Waoon. C A Watson. □ 
A waoon. PAS Watson. S Watson. 
M Y watteraon. A E Watts. C M Wax 
(1st Class Honours). T j Wavman. D J 
Weale. 9 E Wrote. D R Webb. D A 
Webber. M G Webster. L E weeks. E 
CWtWnmu. F M P Weinman. 8 J 
Wdcanune. D M P WeDiam. S E J C 
wenbelove. E T Wen*, v L D Wens. W 
G Welsh. H D C Wenham. A R 
Wershof. C E Wesley. A D West. E A 
West, r J m Westtnay. M S Western. 
J Weston. K S Weston. M H A 


ItoC**** — , r_ ! 

Weekend Courses in London 
13m 14th December 1986 3lsr January 1st February 1987 
Intensive Residential Course in Eastbourne 
2nd January - 25th January 1987 
Six Week Intensive Revision Courses in London 
23rd March - 12 th June 1987 

For limner derails mease write k> SaUy Heron Ra^sirar " ' 

GWW Legal Education. PO Box 2 22 Maidenhead 
Berta SL63RS or Tel Q6?8B2g400 

The only Comprehensive Solicitors' Final Revision 
Courses taught exclusively by Solicitors 




01-481 4000 



8891. Toni 7.4S Royal PM- 
l i a—n i n Orcbaatra Thomas 
Wlltnnfl rood. Jams Valorem 


COUSEUM 5 8X 3161 CC 
240 52S8 


434 3098 First Can 01-240 7200 
TicMOnatter cr 379 6433 
MOfl-Frf 8.00 SM 4.30 6 8 15 
Thun im b 3.0 0 


"WonderfoUy funny" DExp 
£3 balcony smb avail Today 

, Tomor 7.30 Car 

1066/ 1911. Stony info 836 
6903. S CC. Tickets £l-£22£0. 
(BaueU£2-£AO lOreraj. 65 AmpM 
nab avail an Mr day 
Toni 7JO 
La te a v tete 
Topwr TJO 

BOOct casting info; Ol 240 9815. ! 

MOLBn WELL* 278 8916. I 
Fini Call CC 24(0- 7 day 240 7200 
TOUT 7.30. Tomor 2JO & 7 JO. 2 

Extra POrte Mm S A 7 


Toni: ff i i agn a to Mrtt I tete/ 
Tbs Jada BiomI s I / THE teCM 

Ol ZT8 0880 for Winter Danes 
. Info. 

CC 630 6262 Party Bkgs 828 
6188 TicLelniaUcr Cr 379 6433 
Flnl Call tc I24MT 240 7200 iBKg 
Feel Gm Sates 930 6123 Eva 
7.46 Mots Toe A Sal 30 

ikwii : ifcffifarSffr" 

Music by 

Directed by TRE VOR. NUNN 
POM RETURNS Special contra 
store ai SB on Tims man for 
senior cHteena 


■ARMCAN 01 628 B795/&3a 
8891 CC iMoo-Sun lOam-Bpml 


Boa n moM theatre bbo aaaa/ 

' 9562. ALL lei CC bkgs FIRST 
CALL 24hr 7 day On 836 2428 NO 
BOOfUNQ PEE Grp Sates 930 







Mon-Frl 7 30 Thu Mat 2JS0 
SM d A 8.15 

Redured prices Thun mats only 
E7 it UO 

GARRICK SOI 379 6107. 1st call 
24/hr 7 day 240 7200. Grp Sates 
9306123. Preview* (ram 13 Nov. 
Eves 7.30. SM S A 8. Opens 17 
Nov M 7pm (Tea IWOl «1.3 (ram 
26 NOV) 


by Keith WMernouse 
Directed by Ned Shemn 

LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Ave Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1560. 01-434 1050. 01-734 



•■A txmtanl & tovousty 
comic performance" F. Tones 

The National Theatre's aedatmed 
prrxtucbon of 

7736 First Call cr 24hrs 240 
7200 (bkg fee). Eves 7.46. mu 


ABEXPHI BS6 7611 or 240 7913 
fa CC 741 9999/836 7368/379 
6433 Orp Sates 930 4123 Flnl 
CaU 24hr 7 day CC 240 7200 (bkg 


™ E *iS^JL WAU< 

Ntanay at 7.30 MMB Wed M 2-30 
SM 4.30 A 8.00 I 

M TOWN” S Express 
Maw booking la 30 May 1987 

ALBERT S34 3878 CC 379 6869/ 
3T9 6433/ 741 9999 Group 
Saks 836 3962. Eves 8pm 



Ml — — 1 

Mon 6 Tuei 7.30. tomor 2.00 « 
7.30 MSALLUNCE snow's 
“MasierpMee. a glorious 
performance" Tunes. SCFMEB 
nioai a nurniMC utiiumh 
L uce by Fesnteau - returns S 4 

6 Nov. 

THE PIT mil Mon 4 r Tub 

7 30. loenor 2.00 6 7.30 PftNI 


AumnrcM oi-8M.6*o«/owi 
CC 01-579 6233/379 6433 
741 9999 im bkg feel 
First Coll 24hr rc 240 7200 



An adkrit camady -by Clhe Barker 
“has wiiftWnt" Alten Saddler. 


Directed t»v Tudor Dasics 
“The auRiiira rack wHh anarm 
clatkra lanxbtar" DTri '-Sk*. 
rare tunny, aboaa* -A al igttr 

Sue Jameson. LHC 
Etn 7.30 MM Wed 2.30 
SM S A 8 30 

AMBASSADORS 01-836 6111 or 
S36 1171- First Call (24 hrs/7 , 
days] 240 7200 (hig feel Cvn ; 
7.30. Wed Dill 3. sal 14 8 

toehold Netoon -touc httw. 
unfonMUUr" S.TIraes. THE 
Arthur MIMer. returns 6 6 6 

BOULEVARD Soho Wl. 437 
2661 BETTY DISHES "HHart- 
OU9.. Bizarre. Extremely 

-Funny" (Stdl MovSal 8pm. 
Sat MM 4.30 

CC 240 7200/379 6435/741 
9999 Grti 930 61 23.. _ 

“A aopart acting partoorrtlpf* 




A Comedy by Richard Harris 


What's On 

N of uie w 

“The applause of mXuraus 
recognition" D Mall 
■■very funny indeed- S Exp 
Mon-Thu 8 Fli/Sal 5.30 A a.3Q 

ORtTEHMM S 930 5216 CC 579 
6565/379 6433/741 9999. Ops 
836 5962. Evgs B.OO. Thu mat 
2.30. Sal SJW i 8 JO 


O Moil 

TneTh eawe of Comedy Gungwiy 

mSus RULU 


awta wan 


tw cOX 


Written and dir men by 

Oier l.BOO »i da ■ yll tH na perfg 


Win n er *4 aB the tat 
■torlrat Award* ter ISM 










EvgtflO Mats Wed SJO. Sal Mi 
8.30 Reduced price nre Weds. 
Studenu and DAP's standby.- 
Group Sates 930 6123 


Special manner Dec 26 3pm 

DUCHESS S 836 8243 CC 240 
9648 CC 379 6433 3 CC 24 
hf /7 day 240 7200 Evp 8 Wed 
mat 3 Sal 6 A 8 

DUKE OP TOMS 836 8122 CC 
836 9837/741 9999/379 6433 
24hr 240 7200 Eves 8. Thu 3. 
Sal 8 St 8.30 


denoted Drama Award 19M 


Hli Comedy by Richard Homs 
D irected ny_ JujlaMCKeraoe 


FORTUNE B Of CC S 836 2238/9 

Aw 240 7200 i24nre bkg fee) 
Mon lo Fm B Sot 8 30 Mai Thun 



Starrin g 


Sarah Steve 

Bnghtman Barton 

Claire Moore plays Chil&tinr 
at certain performances 
OtreciM by HAROLD PfilNCE 
Eves 7.45 Mats Wed A Sal 3 
Postal bfcga only for Aar lo Pci 

741 9999 I no hkq fee). First Coll 
24 H r 7 D ay CC 240 7200. (NO 
BKG FEE] Grp Sates 930 6123. 
TIcJceniUBier 379 6433 





MorvFn 7.30. Mats Wed Z.OO 
Sat 2-30 it B.OO 
sum c on cessi ons avail, at door 
Mon-Fn A sal mats 
Now prilling tm April ZL 19B7 


~Heontxeakiitgty funny- Cdn 
■■Hilarious s. Times 
"A rare rventng of 
ronuc extutaratton- Times 
Evgs 7.3a Mats Wed and Sal 3.0. 
Group Soles 01-930 6123. 

Deduced price mats Stndem & 
GAP Stand-by 

CC BOOKINGS ON Ol 240 7200 

APRIL *87 

AS 1,11.1, IAN WFLlte AM M 


A May by wnuam Lore, directed 
by Cortn Redgrave Suns Nov 2. 
9. 16. 23 4 JO a 4pm. 

MAYFAIR Ol 629 3057 
From Dec IS to Jan 3 
Twice daily 2.0 A 4.0 
Weds St Sots 10.30. 2.0 4t 4.0 


MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
Thu B Frl/Sat 5.40 & 8.10 


**Tha Best ThriBr lar yaara** S M 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
From 19 Nov. For a limited season 






m ’SSS? Boothe Luce 

OLIVIER -S' 928 2252 CC (No- 
tional Theatre's open sage) 
Tun7 7. IS. Tomor 2.00 (low 
price mat] 6 7.15 ANIMAL 
FARM by orwell. adapted by 
Prier Hall. Mon. Tue. Wed T.1S , 
PRAVOA - A FM Mrmd ■ 

379 6435 F« Call 24Hr TDay CC 
240 7200 Grp Sales 950 6125 


Eves 7.30 Mats Thu 6 Sal 2.30 
Latecomers not admitted 
until the Interval 

QUEEN’S 01-734 1166/7/ 
0261/0120. 24hr CC 240 7200/ 
379 6 4 33. Grp Sates 930 6123- 

umatmr can 





“B ripples with excitemenf 
S.TUncs "Just wonderful'' D£ap 
Mon-Sot 8 Mats Wed 2.30 Sat 5 

ROYAL COURT SOC 730 1745/ 
1857. CC 24 hr 7 day 240 7200 
(Dkg fee) IMB 22 Mer. Eves 
8pm- sal Mate 4pm KAFKA’S 
HCK by Alan RsanaM. Dir 
Rktiart Eyre. 

ROYALTY 01-831 0660 24hr CC 
240 7200 ce 579 6433 741 9999 
Grotto Sates 930 6123 



by Ttm tore and 
Airin' Lloyd MPter 
B Week season only from 
16 Dec twice dally at 2.30 6 730 

■HST. Bran Tgnlgbl 7JO. 
Tomor 1-30. 7.50. No perfii 
Mon. Toe. Wed. MacbaHi opens 
Thun Nov 601. Swan T lu d n. 
Evsey Man Tnrowd 7JSO. 
Tomor 1.3a 7-30. Fair DM* 
Mon. Tue. wed 7-30 

WYHDHAM-S *836 3028 CC 379 
6665/6433/ L*t CjB 24 brs 7 days 
240 7200/741 9999. Gras 836 
3962/831 2771. Eves 8. Bat 



Dir ected b y P ETER MALL 

Y ODNC VW 928 6363 CC 379 
6433. Last 3 peris Toni 7 JO. 
Tomor 3 A 7.30. MOfTMUa 




■■I rntoyed every nvnutr 8T 

•■A cww of whadunliry - IS 
UnbraWMe” Tbnes ES . . 


LYTTELTON -ST 928 2252 CC 
(National Tnea ire's proKcnlum 
stage) Previews Toni. Mon. 
Tucs 7.45. Sil 8.15 4 7.45. 

Wed 8 OO mm 7 45 as printed in 

1C anew. Open* Thu ro JB.7 .qg_ 
Then NOV 7 to 13 TONS OF 
MONEY by WiU Evans and 


On unabashed vviimeri* S Exp 
“Sensauooal" Times 


MLAM AIP 236 &96B rc 741 
9999 Grp Sales 930 6123 Firs! 
Call 240 7200 124 Mrs 7 Days) 
Ticketmasur 379 6433. 

E ves 8 pm. Sals 6prn 6 SJO 



Pretbeatre load and drink 



C0TTESLOC. Exceitenl chrap 
Writs days of peris all theatre* 
from 1C am. RESTAURANT (928 
2033). EASY CAR PARK, Info 
633 0880 AIR COND 

HEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
406 0072 CC J79 6433 E » n 7 45 
Tue i Sal 3 CO 4 7.4$ 



<uwtv “iSrXJE mox OFFICE 

Group Brokings 01-405 1567 or 
019306123 NOW BOOKING TO 
MAY 30 19*7. 

FI lOCl aX 836 2294 CC 240 9661 
Flmt Coll 240 7200 
Grp Sates 930 6125 


a new play I 


Preilews from ll Nov 
Opens IB Nov at 7pm I 

-f?™!? EDWARD Box Office 
734 8961 Find Call 24 Hr 7 Days 
cc Booking 836 5464 Crp Soles 
930 6123 (Won- S al 1 JM Mala 


SHOW" Newsweek 


PRINCE or WALES Wl 9308681 
<2 CC Houine 930 0844/6/6 Grp 
sates 950 6125. Keith Prow 
741 9999 TKMtlWaster 3796453 
1st CaU 24hr/7<Uy 240 7200 


win the TV SNOW stars 

Tent A Tamar 6.30 & 8.40. Mon 
8pm Opens Tue 7pm Thro Eves 
8. Fri A Sal 5 30 & B.40 



SAVOY THEATRE Ol 836 8888 


al the Savoy from Nov 12 

— — — — — AMO book , Tldietmaater 5T9 6433 

SHAFTESBURY THEATRE OF or any W H Snath Travel Branch 

COMEDY O I 579 6399 OCOl 379 

6433/741 9999. Flrsl Call 24nr 

240 7200 ihkg tea). Grp Sales 930 

Mon-Frl 8. Wed MM 3. SM 5 5 







-A elap-up mlvai'ttM beef I barn 
ever seen" Times 


Previews from Dec S 

ST MARTBFS 01-836 1443. Spe- 
cial CC No. 379 6433. Evgs 8.0 
Tues 2.45. Sar 8.0 a nd 80 



STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 
4143/9190. 741 9999. FN CaU 
24 Hr 7 Day cc 240 7200 CTO 
Sam 930 6123 




• . 1 TUBS! a. WE • 


Rant Mareabera ad ScraapiWL 

Dad 4 SwcrataT" 

HNPO. Ytott. E*gd sd Bass 
Ikdll SmvcMt. 

Ol- 499 6701 

New Na k 499 4100. 

MQteo m^st/SWL 01-236 




gSeb WeMtandScomahGMetal 

LOFT. Tel: 031 22S 5966. 

ad, moat rinSali amrical row 
r eelin g In toe Weet EwT Std 



Directed & cuomwaphed by 

GHRara Lynne 

MorvFn 7.45. Mai wed LOO 
S4t 4.30 4, 8.18 


St. Jamert SWI. 839 3942- 

_S Fnm »«oa3oSoo 

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1 3W1. 839 3942- - . • 

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»»»'• »* 

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-- ** 

■or ''•sh**" ' 

mm- -• 

**“***, ■'% . 
HU . • 

“Most of this stuff is ungodly 
said M AmScan 
““»■ Peters in the middle of 
The Business of Excellence 
(Thames). Mr Peters had 
cvayjhing going for Kim to 
“rake his words ring tree. For 

a star t, he was giving a 40 - 
nunote aninterrupted tectare 

which was replayed tons at the 
wponfic time of 11 30 p-m. 
Secondly, it was on the subject 
of the or ganiz a tio n of Ameri- 
can business. No doubt this is 
a fascinating topic for some 
people, including his 

of mainly glum, grey-tooking 
out It is not one that 

men, out It is not one »!»*» 
normally does much for os folk 
who like to snuggle down at 
this hour to the sound of cne on 
boils or simply snaggle 
down in the case of much other 
late-night entertainment. 

However, though Tom 
Peters’s lecture was perhaps 
ungodly in that it was more 
about our makers our 
Maker, boring it certainly was 
not. Indeed, it was one of the 
most extraordinary rents I 
have ever heard on television 
— loud enough to make a bible- 
bel ter buckle. 


What was most extraor- 
dinary about it was that his 
message was delivered — ami 
apparently received — as 
though it was as controversial 
as veganism among cannibals 

when to the economically ig- 
norant like myself it appeared 
common sense: the public want 
products that work, vast com- 
panies are inefficient and stifle 
invention, people are more 
important than machines and 
should speak to each other, 
and business management 
“scientists” do not know what 
they are talking about Being 
one himself, he obviously 
knew exactly what he did not 
know he was talking about and 
kept apologizing, no doubt for 
the benefit of us ignoramuses, 
for earning so much money for 
stating the obvious. 

In Olga Goes to Hollywood 
(BBC2), Forty Miaates’s mow* 
ing follow-up film about a 
Russian dissident family who 
emigrated to California, it was 
dear, however, that dollars do 
not make a new Jerusalem for 
everyone — which is why the 
family is going to the old one. 

Andrew Hislop 

Improbably winning comedy 


Men (15) 


That Was Then . . . 
This Is Now (15) 
Cannons Oxford Street, 
Panton Street 

Morphy’s Law (18) 
Cannons Oxford Street, 

“Made in London” 

Museum of London 

Gone to Earth (PG) 



oris Dome’s Men is the 
most successful German 
film in box-office terms 
since the war — an 
achievement that must be 
attributed to its feat in exploiting a 
style almost unprecedented in Ger- 
man cinema, the light sitnation 
comedy. Dome obeys the key rule of 
the game, which is to take a single, 
strong comic idea, and pursue it 
simply and conscientiously. 

The idea has the manner of a classic 
comedy plot. A husband, who is 
perfectly content with his own double 
standards of marital fidelity, is out- 
raged to find his wife has a lover. He 
hits on the somewhat masochistic 
notion of moving in as the unsuspect- 
ing lover’s flat-mate, intent on 
discovering what superior attractions 
the man possesses. The answer is that 
while the husband is a neat, dean, 
yuppie advertising executive his rival 
is a Bohemian, drop-out and slob. 
The husband devises a terrible re- 
venge, setting out to pervert the 
unhappy man to the ways of deanli- 
ness, ambition and the success ethic. 

Dome is light on incidental com- 
edy business (though there is a nice 
scene when the husband disguises 
himself as King Kong when his wife 
comes to call) but compensates with 
the dexterity of the performances — 
Helmer Lauterbach as the husband, 
the glowering Uwe Ochsenlmecht as 
the rival and Ulrike Kriemer as the 
spirited wife. The film’s admirers 
overstate the case when they compare 
Men to Wilder and Lubitsch; but it is 
still pretty good Doris Dome. 

Strange indeed is the world of 
SJL Hinton, whose novels of tor- 
tured adolescence have been adapted 
to the screen in Tex; The Outsiders, 

Dextrous rivals: Helmer Lauterbach (left) and Uwe Ochsenlmecht in Men 

Rumblefish and now That Was 
Then . . . This Is Now. It is a surreal 
world peopled mainly by kids, with 
grown-ups making only fleeting and 
rarely welcome intrusions. Life is 
lived on the city streets, and mean 
they are in look and spirit. Violence 
and sudden death are facts of life. 
Delinquency is inescapable. Gang 
enemies are rife. Friendships though 
are as passionate as rage: love is a 
powerful and declared bond between 
the boys. Ms Hinton is no feminist; 
the women in her stories are passive 
and protected. Sentiment is strong 
and the atmosphere is pervaded by a 
melancholy, romantic regret for the 
passing of an illusory youthful happi- 
ness — which is the significance of the 
title of That Was Then . . . This is 

The script is adapted, serviceably 
gnnugh, by Emilio Estevez, the tough, 
diminutive son of Martin Sheen. 
Estevez also plays the leading role of 
Mark, a disturbed and angry boy who 
has grown up since fin the way of 
things in Hinton novels) his dad shot 
his mother, in the fatherless home of 
his best friend Rryon (Craig Sbefier). 
When Bryon gets serious with a 
. girlfriend, Mark's jealousy and sense . 
of rejection lead him to reckless acts 
that endanger their lives and friend- 
ship. It is all very stem and artificial, 
but Estevez, who glares like an infant 

Kirk Douglas, and Sheffer, a person- 
able and clever stage-trained actor, 
play as if they believe it alL 
Thirty years ago J. Lee Thompson 
was making polite British films like 
An Alligator Named Daisy, Woman 

in a Dressing Gown, Tiger Bay and 
brow, at 72, he 


The Guns o/Navarone. 1 
is enjoying a renaissance, directing 
violent revenge thrillers for Cannon. 
Even as Charles Bronson vehicles go, 
Murphy's Law is high on violence 
and dirty talk. ■ 

ronson is a veteran cop with 
domestic and drink prob- 
lems (Gail Morgan Hick- 
man's script cheerily adopts 
all the cliches of the genre) 
who finds himself framed for murder, 
and makes his escape shackled to a 
foul-mouthed delinquent punk 
(Kathleen Wflhoite). Together they 
run down the real mass-murderer 
who turns out (as the film’s novel 
touch) to be a crazy lady (Carrie 
Snodgrass) who is always getting her 
face spattered with the blood of 
victims shot at dose range. 

It is not elegant, but Thompson still 
has the ability to keep the action, 
however unlikely, moving briskly. 
Bronson. Jbis geologically -textured, 
face ever more tightly fixed in its 
single expression, is one of the most 
eccentric star figures of recent times. 

The best bargain for London 

dnemagoers is still the series of Made 
in London shows presented by the 
MuseUm of London in collaboration 
with the National Film Archive and 
; with the sponsorship of Nomura 
International. They arc every Tues- 
day and Thursday at 6.10 in the 
museum, and tickets cost a derisory 
£1.20. The programmes regularly 
include rarities and little-known films 
alongside the more familiar classics of 
British cinema. 

The films often seem specially 
apposite complements to the mus- 
eum’s more conventional exhibits, 
with much forgotten detail of the way 
we used to five. Love on Wheels 
(November 1 1 ), for example, has Jack 
Hulbert On a 1932 Green Line bus 
tour, and a chase through Selfridges. 
In Gen and Daisy’s Weekend 
(November 18) there is a mass of 
curious sidelights on wartime living, 
as Elsie and Doris Warns, unusually 
cast as rural matrons, deal with 
evacuees. Tom Walls’s A Cup of 
Kindness (November 25) and Carol 
Reed's adaptation of J.B. Priestley’s 
Laburnum Grove (November 27) give 
a glimpse of life on the new com- 
muter-belt housing estates of the 

Made in London is now in it sixth 
yean and the 300th show next 
Thursday will be a surprise screening 
of a major British film newly restored 
by the National Him Archive. 
Tuesday's show is no secret however 
it is Jack Raymond's The Frog, a 
1937 Edgar Wallace thriller, with 
Gordon Harker and a young Jack 

The programme on December 4 is 
Michael Powell and Em eric Press- 
burger’s adaptation of Mary Webb’s 
Gone to Earth, which meanwhile has 
a limited run at the Electric. The print 
of the film has just been restored by 
the National Him Archive, in recog- 
nition of the current vogue for Powell 
and Pressburger. Visually it is cer- 
tainly remarkable. The Shropshire 
countryside, marvellously captured 
by Christopher Challis's dnepbo- 
tograpby, is used like a spectacular 
stage which comes most strikingly 
into its own in the crazed finale. 

At other levels though the film is 
still as ludicrous as it seemed in J 950. 
It was never possible to read Mary 
Webb straight-faced after Stella 
Gibbons’s hatchet-job m Cold Com- 
fort Farm. Gone to Earth has more the 
quality of Gibbons than Webb, with 
its tale of the country lass caught 
between the wicked squire and the 
mother’s-boy priest; Stephen Murray 
snarling and glowering at an ancient 
retainer; and a wild variety of 
Mummerset accents, inducting Jen- 
nifer Jones’s Californian variation. 
Small wonder that her husband and 
producer David Selznick was so 
dismayed by the film that be prac- 
"tically remade it with the aid of 
Rouben Mamoulian. 

David Robinson 

Consistently fluent charm 

One pleasing feature of the 
Britten-Tippett Festival is that 
its programmes have made no 
attempt at charting chrono- 
logical progress. Thus, as in 
the London Sinfonieua’s last 
concert of the series, absorb- 
ing comparisons have been 
made between works by both 
composers from different 


Elizabeth Hall/ 
Radio 3 

In this instance we heard 
three pieces by Britten, one 
each from the Twenties, the 
Forties and the Sixties. All of 
them contained the common 

threads of fluency and, even at 
tiie darkest, most intense mo- 
ments of the Cello Symphony, 
an associated beguiling, natu- 
ral charm. 

Those qualities appear even 
in the Four French Songs of 




w 'Bravely 

goes right against the 
grain of the Reagan era” 





One could hardly ask for more 



;■ 4 . BY BRIAN COX • 








This performance is a must 

Gloriously witty, brilliant acting, 

a crisp thoroughly enjoyable production 

MOW ana TUB 730 



01.623 8795, 638 889^ 

1 928, settings of poets — Hugo 
and Verlaine — as contrasting 
as the 14-year-old composer's 
responses. The models are 
blatant, but already there is 
much that is recognizably 
Britten. And certainly he 
malms no apology for any- 
thing, derivative or original 

Moreover, it is easy to 
forgive the odd obvious touch, 
like the chiming piano in 
fSagesse” or the overblown 
pathos in “L’Enfance”. Every- 
thing is so ingenuously done, 
and it was with a certain wide- 
eyed innocence that JiO Go- 
mez, the sploist, seduced one’s 
sensibilities here. 

There is little innocence, 
however, in the predomi- 
nantly dark Cello Symphony 
of 19o3, for all the freedom of 
its language. AO kinds of 
influences have been thor- 
oughly absorbed by now, and 
the result, despite a finale that 
seems to me curiously dilute 
in effect, is as much a tribute 
to Shostakovich as to its 
dedicatee, Mstislav Rostro- 
povich. Christopher van 
Kampen, who has had an 
extraordinarily busy week. 

gave it his considerable alL 

To fill the gap between the 
ages, there was The Young 
Person's Guide to the Or- 
chestra of 1946, still didactic 
music of the best kind, 
spectacular yet with its own 
profundity. Here the Sin- 
fonietta and Simon Rattle 
were able to revel openly in 
their own virtuosity, which 
had been plain all evening. 

Tippett’s Dionysiac Ritual 
Dances ( 1 947-52), meanwhile, 
were given a quite glorious 
performance with which even 
Rattle seemed particularly 
pleased. And the Corelli Vari- 
ations (1953) began the eve- 
ning in an opulent wash of 
string sound, the texture 
crowned by the solo violins of 
Nona Liddell and Joan 

Stephen Pettitt 

bn Judge's new English Na- 
tional Opera production of 
Car and i^gis most briliiaiitiy 
effective in rendering the mid- 
dle part of the doable bilk I 
mean the ‘‘and”. Indeed, there 
is a vast amount of “and”, 
holding out its hands in each 
direction to link up with not 
very mneh. 

The strolling players for 
Leoncavallo’s opera arrive 
during the overture to Mas- 
cagni's, and strojQ, this being 
their wont, back to rehearse in 
dumb-show daring the inter- 
mezzo. Thus two rather boring 
orchestral bits are neatly filled 
with action. Then of coarse the 
principals from CavaHeria 
mstiama, or at least those of 
them who survive, can return 
as prime members of the 
audience for the internal play 
in PagliaccL 

This spoils the evening for 
Santazza, who can normally 
get away in decent time for 
dinner, and it freqnires the 
main characters for PttgUacci 
to be on stage from nearty two 
hours before they open their 
months, but it does have the 
economical advantage that the 
same sets can be ased for both 
operas. It also allows the 
director to interpolate his own 
dramatic ironies, which he 
does all the more successfully 
by ignoring or overturning 
those that are present in the 

For sorely the prologue to 
Pog&acd is the key to both 
operas, asking ns to consider 
how it can he that flamboyant 
operatic behaviour should 
work so directly on the mo- 
tions. Of coarse it is HnKkdy 
that Mascagni ever asked 
himself that question, at least 
in CavaUeria nuticana , bat 
Leoncavallo asks ft for him, 
while working In his own opera 
mach more knowingly between 
what is flagrantly artificial 
and what can seem sponta- 
neous. This production, how. 
ever, helps neither opera by 
heavy-handedly pointing np 
the artificiality all through, 
running foe gamut of alien- 
ation effects from sadden 
changes, of lighting to ostenta- 









'Tight, menacing, compelling’ i^ay 


i :3jcVir ; 2':-9'bvrsf?s<?r Pu?;!feLtoclfevs;iiEC4V 

Villiitoin 1'36 Q«ste&C?-S62<i8.0 1 .-74;S3'X * to C.V;T-2AC ?2 r A 

tiously formal gr o upi n gs to 
banners dropped from the 

Nobody needs reminding 
that things like Alfio’s song 
and the Easter Hymn are 
conventional set-pieces; what 
is interesting is bow their 
square-cat foreignness can 
ever seem to us subsumed 
within a straightforward piece 
of story-telling. With disbelief 
rudely unsuspended about ev- 
ery ninety seamds, CavaUeria 
nuticana becomes a bit dismal 
to behold. 

PagRacd has more going for 
ft, but still foe production 
deals hammer-blows to its 
sophistication. The prologue is 
not delivered directly to the 
audience; instead Tooio makes 
it his speech to die schools’ 
drama workshop. No matter 
that this requires some sleight 
of hand In Edmund Tracey's 
translation: It serves the pur- 
pose of allowing the producer 
to interrupt the dramatic con- 
tinuity where he pleases, and 
not where the work would 
seem to be asking. 

Since foe orchestra is 
heavily managed by Jacques 
Ddacdte in both operas, the 
only pleasures of the evening 
are in the design and in some 
of the singing. Gerard How- 
land’s topphng set, fnter- 
pretable as town or theatre, 
could be the container for a 
much more intelligent produc- 
tion, and Deirdre Oancy’s 
costumes are in the thor- 
oughly-researched tradition of 
BBC serials (I suppose we are 
circa 19 10 , though a scrap of 
dancing from Nedda and 
Peppe, to Mascagni, 
a date in the 1920s). 

The CavaUeria cast is domi- 
nated by a firmly projected but 
somewhat uniformly shrill- 
timed Santnzza from Jane 
Eagteu. Edmund Barham 
sounds a bit compressed as 
Tnriddn, and Malcolm Rivas 
offers a workaday Alfio, whom 
this production has .as. the 
local gangster boss. Fiona 
Kimm makes one wish that 
Lola’s part were for larger, so 
splendidly does she act, sing 
and move as his molL In 
PagUacd Helen Field is a fine, 
nervy, headstrong Nedda, a 
shade light of voice for this 
role. Rowland Sid well is 
Englishly lyrical as Curio, and 
Nicholas Fotwefl gets much 
out of foe lower reaches of 
Tonio's part. Only Bona- 
ventura Bottone as Peppe 
sounds perfectly at home 

Paul Griffiths 

Jane Eaglen’s dominatingly 
projected Santnzza 


The Archbishop’s 


The Pit 

The feet that Arthur Miller 
wrote this East European 
piece in the aftermath of 
Watergate prompts the ex- 
pectation of another work like 
The Crucible examining mod- 
em America from a distant 
perspective. What Watergate 
has supplied, however, is not 
the play’s content but its 
theatrical technique. Much 
the most interesting question 
it raises is: How do people 
express themselves when they 
are under surveillance? 



The setting is the 
room of a former 
piscopal mansion, now an 
open house, where visiting 
writers are entertained by 
Marcus, a senior author in 
favour with the regime. To- 
night he has two guests: an 
American (Adrian) fascinated 
by Eastern Europe and 
Sigmund, a dissident genius 
whose latest work has just 
been seized by the authorities. 

The meeting takes place 
under an ornate baroque ceil- 
ing. A symbol of the imperial 
past and of the all-seeing eye 
of God, it is also probably 
bugged. And the writers who 
assemble there, all watching 
each other, are producing 
books involving their shared 
mistress — Maya — who is 
suspected of organizing orgies 
for the betrayal of foreign 
intelligentsia. Everyone, in 
short, is spying on everyone 

Miller proceeds to sharpen 
the contradictions and alle- 
be tween them by 



focusing on their separate 

attitudes towards the act of 
confiscation. The defiant Sig- 
mund is prepared for gaol 
rather than silent exile. Adrian 
is all for turning the case into 
an international human-rights 
scandal. Marcus, with mem- 
ories of the Stalinist dark ages. 

is for compromise and artistic 

It is a dialogue between an 
American innocent and two 
generations of East European 
experience. What makes it 
theatrically electrifying is the 
self-censorship imposed on 
the speakers by the possibility 
of hidden microphones. This 
has the effect of converting the 
main dialogue into an urgent 

When ! saw the play in 
Bristol last year, I thought fiat 
the life began draining out of it 
when the company start 
conversing without fear of 
eavesdroppers. At the Pit. I sat 
through the first half of Nick 
Hamm's production intend- 
ing to eat my words. A 
marvellously complex at- 
mosphere develops, com- 
bining danger, sexual tension, 
hospitality and the sense of 
ambiguous friendship be- 
tween people who know very 
little about each other. 

.Anyone who has visited foe 
East will verily' the truth of 
this picture: and the produc- 
tion projects it with great 
agility, switching from explo- 
sions of terrified anger to 
broad comedy, as where 
Adrian i Roger AUam) starts 
delivering glowing testimo- 
nials to the country 1 fo f the 
benefit of the unseen listeners. 
Jane Lapotaire dominates 
these scenes as a vigilant 
hostess, full of banter and 
sensual fun but freezing into 
reserved generalities when any 
dangerous topic crops up, and 
matching gentle speech with 
savage physical gestures. 

This vitality, alas, does not 
survive into the second act. 
David dc Keyset's Marcus 
and John Shrapnel's Sigmund 
retain their conviction as de- 
tailed studies of political ad- 
versaries; but, once all the 
figures start engaging in open 
dispute, foe piece descends 
into American tribunal drama 
with every' character coming 
on as a moral pugilist who 
always has one more thing to 
say, none of it conclusive. 

As at Bristol, the play has 
prompted a magnificent set: 
this time from Fotini Dimou. 


Duke of Cambridge 

Anouilh’s purpose in revamp- 
ing Sophocles in 1942 was to 
offer his wartime audience an 
icon of resistance to tyranny. 
Despite the hopelessness of 
his heroine's cause, it still 
seems remarkable that the 
occupying Germans permitted 
a production at all; perhaps 
they took his portrait of them 
as a compliment. 

Directed by Malcolm Sher- 
man, The Company have had 
the right instinct in keeping 
more or less in period. A 
torch-singer introduces the 
first half with “Stormy 
Weather”, a saxophone the 
second with “Cry Me a 
River”; the Chorus (Tony 
Marshall), in spats and a white 
linen jacket, is at one point 
discovered sniffing some- 
thing; the Nurse has an Edgar 
Wallace to hand; a comer of 
foe Lrshaped room is pasted 
with old French newspapers. 

Lewis Galaatiere's transla- 
tion — here shorn of a couple 
of Guards, and with the 
Messenger and Page conflated 
into a Singer — is similarly 

period, a kind of Third Pro- 
gramme demotic which 
strains to render every-day 
speech but will keep lapsing 
into grammar. And when 
Creon, with a bottle of Fttou at 
his elbow, declares that “it's 
not all beer and skittles” one 
can only suggest that the 
standard script needs a thor- 
ough overhauL 
The crux of the piece is 
Croon's lengthy interview 
with Antigone in which he 
urges her to desist from her 
token attempts to bury her 
dead brother Polynices — an 
act punishable by death. 
Adam Kimmel's initially 
mild-mannered gangster con- 
veys the banality of evil with a 
judicious blend of hectoring 
and patronizing, but finds thin 
support in Anne Harris’s fer- 
vent but off-centre Antigone. 
Miss Harris tends to rabble 
her lines, as does David 
Finch’s spiwy Guard. Admit- 
tedly, they live to contend 
with the filthiest acoustic in 

fringe theatre, but something 
be done if 

will really have to 
this largely agreeable produc- 
tion is to be comprehensible. 

Martin Cropper 

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Screen gems lost in the ether 

Tomorrow night the 
BBC begins its 
celebration of 50 years 
of television with 
some popular repeats. 
But many much-loved 
classic programmes 
have gone forever, 
Peter Waymark 
finds out why 

I n the beginning, and for many 
years afterwards, the 
preoccupation in television 
was making programmes and 
getting them on the air. Little 
thought w3S given to preserving 
them for future generations. 

A few programmes were made on 
film, and film can be stored. But the 
majority went out five and the only 
way to record them was to point a 
camera at the screen while the 
programme was being transmitted. It 
was a crude method, which produced 
fuzzy results, and, not surprisingly, it 
was sparingly used. 

Of the pre-war period, almost the 
only record comprises filmed snip- 
pets produced by the BBC for 
promotional purposes. The immedi- 
ate post-war years are little better 
covered, unless the programmes 
happened to be on film. 

This has produced some curious 
anomalies. From current affairs 
programmes like Panorama, filmed 
reports have survived but not the 
live studio context. Not one com- 
plete Panorama remains from the 
1950s. A key event in the history of 
television was the -start of ITV. But 
little remains of the programmes . 
transmitted on the opening night in 
September 1955. It is a startling fact 
that the first decades of the cinema 
are much better documented than 
the embryo years of television. 

Talking of Panorama, in April 
19S8 the programme was opened as 
usual by Richard Dimbleby. After a 
couple of minutes he stopped talk- 
ing. pressed a button and viewers 
were astonished to see his introduc- 
tion ail over again. It was British 
television’s first action replay, made 
possible by a new invention, 

Here was the answer to the 1 
preservationist's prayer. No longer 
would programmes be lost because 
there was no effective way of 
recording them. That was the theory. 
The reality was to be tragically 
different because tape could not 
only record, but could be wiped and 
used again. It was also expensive, so. 
in many cases, that was what 
happened. Paradoxically, the arrival 
of tape coincides with the most 
telling examples of television’s cul- 
tural vandalism. 

The biggest and most important 
gaps are in drama. Think of produc- 
tions that have become as much a 
part of television history as the great 
spaghetti hoax. Alun Owen's No 
Trams to Lime Street and After the 
Funeral. Harold Pinter's Night 
School and The Collection. David 
Mercer’s A Suitable Case For Treat- 
ment (which was filmed as Morgan, 
but was a television play first). None 
of these survives and nor do early 
plays by Peter Nichols and John 
Mortimer. Moving through the 

y screened, why bother to keep 

f ' ’ -•>•<?$£* 

*• ' • 

Or - - ‘ *.TV> 

•• •••’- 

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Lost history: Peter Mortey’s documentary on Hitler, which had an interview with the dictator's sister (above) 



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Dramatic oversights: David Mercer's play A Suitable Case for Treatment (left) and David and Broccoli by John 
Mortimer are only two of several memorable television productions which were never recorded for posterity 

1960s and into the early ‘70s the list 
of lost works includes plays by David 
Rudkin. Dennis Potter, Tom 
Stoppard, Simon Gray. Michael 
Frayn and Adrian Mitchell. 

Drama was not the only area to 
suffer. In 1959 the documentary 
producer, Peter Motley, made Tyr- 
anny — the Years of Adolf Hiller, the 
programme included interviews with 
Hitler's sister, pilot, chauffeur and 
adjutant. All this material, of enor- 
mous historical value, has been lost 
Light entertainment has also gone 
down the sink in huge quantities — 
for example the first television 
appearances of Les Dawson, Paul 
Daniels and Lena Zavaroni, all on 
Opportunity Knocks. 

Against this grisly catalogue must 
be mentioned some of the landmark 
programmes that have been pre- 
served : the two most famous BBC 
dramas of the 1950s. The 

Qualermass Experiment (and its 
sequels) and 1984 , Ken Russell's 
Elgar and the most famous single 
television play. Cathy Come Home. 

G ranada has all 2,669 epi- 
sodes of Coronation 
Street going back to 
December 1960. The only 
company to have sur- 
vived unchanged from the start of 
ITV. Granada has one of the best 
records on preservation. Many an 
ITV programme has disappeared 
because a company lost its franchise 
and did not pass on its collection. 

Despite huge gaps, the BBC’s Film 
and Videotape Library in west 
London can still claim to be the 
largest of its kind in the world. It 
contains half a million cans of film, 
100.000 spools of videotape and 
20.000 viewing cassettes. Anne Han- 
ford, head of the library, says it was 

lack of awareness rather than delib- 
erate sabotage that led to pro- 
grammes being lost u It was such an 
enormous effort to produce pro- 
grammes that little thought was 
given to what happened to them 
once they had been shown..” 

The destruction of programmes is 
also related to the complicated 
question of copyright The usual 
agreement between a television com- 
pany and the performance unions 
(Equity and the Musicians Union) 
provides for two showings only of a 
programme within a prescribed pe- 

When the BBC wanted to revive 
the Tony Hancock shows last year, it 
had to contact more than 100 artists 
who had appeared in the pro- 
grammes and agree new repeat fees. 
Small wonder that in years gone by, 
television companies took the view 
that if the programme could not be 

In the BBC a more positive 
attitude towards preservation started 
to emerge in the mid-1960s. Today 
between 80 and 90 per cent of BBC 
output is preserved, in most cases fin- 
al least five years. 

Anne Hanford is quick to point 
out that the Film and Video Library 
is still a library , not dn archive which 
is open to the outside worid. It exists 
to service the BBC itself to store 
programmes for repeat showings and 
to provide material for programme 
make rs. Though most programmes 
are now kept, no one outside the 
BBC can normally look at them. 

T he lack of public access has 
brought frequent criticism 
and Calls for the setting up 
of a national television 
collection- There is a body 
well placed to do this. The National 
Film Archive was established in the 
1930s to pr es erve cinema films but 
soon widened its function to take in 
television. Having virtually no 
money to buy material, the NFA had 
to rely on the genero s ity of the 
television companies in donating 
their cast-ofis. The situation im- 
proved from 1969 when the ITV 
companies started mflirin^r^ p ynnnat 
grant to the archive. 

In 1977 the Annan Committee on 
Broadcasting looked at the feasibility 
of a national television archive. 
They thought it highly desirable but 
prohibitively expensive. Since then, 
however, technical advances in 
video hardware and die develop- 
ment of one-inch videotape have 
reduced costs dramatically. 

In the past couple of years, 
progress has been spectacular. An 
important first step was taken in 
January 1985 when the National 
Film Archive began regular record- 
ings of ITV and Channel 4 pro- 
grammes. At the moment some 20 
per cent of output is preserved and 
viewing copies will be available to 
scholars and researchers when the 
archive moves to new premises early 
next year. The annual cost is 
£250.000. Twice this sum, £500,000, 
would enable every ITV and Chan- 
nel 4 programme to be taped. 

The next move is to extend the 
system to the BBC Negotiations are 
proceeding, and the National Film 
Archive could be taping BBC1 and 
BBC2 programmes from the begin- 
ning of next year. 

Then there is the matter of making 
the NFA's existing collection of 
10,000 television programmes avail- 
able on viewing copies. It would 
require a capital sum of £575,000 
and running costs would be between 
£120,000 to £130,000 a year. The 
NFA hopes to persuade the Govern- 
ment to provide it. 

The archive hopes eventually to 
become a clearing house for public 
access to all television material, 
including that still held by the BBC 
and ITV companies. Meanwhile, 
more direct access will be made 
possible by the establishment of a 
Videolheque in the basement of-tbe 
Museum of the Moving Image, due 
to open on London's South Bank late 
next year. If planning difficulties can 
be overcome, the Videotheque aims 
to offer several thousand historic 
television programmes for viewing 
by the public. 

So the story ends on a note of 
tentative optimism. Moves are 
under way that might eventually 
make it as easy to view the first 
episode of Coronation Street as it is 
to look up back issues of The Times 
in a public library. 

Labour ditches 
the drabbies 

The trendiest young men in Londog_ 
are busy restyling the Labou r Party s 
imagp — though not without opposition 


“Only three people in Lon- 
don have got a jacket like 
this. I know. I’ve counted.” 
It's a black for-lined Levi 
bomber jacket and the 
speaker is Robert Elms. 

Elms prides himself on 
being the trendiest man in 
London. He is also one of the 
Labour Party's elite new band 
of style consultants and a key 
advuer on what Neil Kinn- 
ock should wear for his next 
party political broadcast 

This weekend. Elms has 
been asked to participate in a 
debate called “Revolting in 
Style”, part of a two-day 
conference sponsored fry the 
magazine Marxism Today at 
City University. The invita- 
tion is the latest in a long tine 
which followed the publica- 
tion of an Elms polemic 
called "Ditching the 
Drabbies: A Style for Soc- 
ialism”, published last May 
in New Socialist, an official 
Labour Party publication. 

New Socialist has just been 
redesigned by Neville Brody, 
former an director of The 
Face, perhaps the most in- 
fluential style magazine of the 
1980s. The Elms article con- 
tained tines tike: “When the 
council estates of Britain 
describe left-wingers as a 
h unch of dirty hippies, that is 
much more than a sartorial 

The term “drabby” was 
coined by Richard North in 
an article in The Times last 
year. It described that section 
of the left which believed that 
if your hands weren't dirty, 
your conscience couldn’t be 
dean. “Drabby” became a 
byword in the Labour Parly 
for all that was lacking in its 
1983 election campaign. Mi- 
chael Foot was the archetypal 

Since then the old guard 
has been purged. Urbane 
professionals have swept into 
the party's Walworth Road 
HQ on the coat-tails of Neil 
Kinnock. There's the new 
general secretary, Larry 
Whitty, and Labour's crack 
team of PR people like 
former Weekend World pro- 
ducer Peter Manddson and 
his side-kick Tony Mann- 
ering. One of their first 
moves was to recruit an inner 
cabinet of young trendies like 
Robert Elms which has been 
called the “Style Chamber”. 

Members of this cabinet 
include Graham Ball, pub- 
licity manager for pop group 
Sigue Sigue Sputnik, and 
Steve Lewis, manager of the 
successful soul combo Ani- 
mal Nightlife. Last June they 
were all asked to join Red 
Wedge, the spearhead of 
Labour’s campaign to woo 
the 18 to 24-year-old voters. 

Unfortunately for the 
Kinnockites, things did not 
initially go quite as planned. 
To their honor, Robert and - 
his chums found several 
“drabbies” who had managed 
to shackle themselves to the 

Red Wedge bandwagon and 
suraested they hold the 
group's launch party on a 
council estate in Buxton, 
instead of at the House of 
Commons. “You can’t expect 
people like Geoi^ Michael 
and Sade to turn up to 
something like that, ob- 
jected Sms. ... , 

Anna-Joy David, , 
coordinator of Red Wedge, 
explained: “We just want 
people to think about pohn- 
cal ideas in a socialist 
environment. I'm not going 
to justify Red Wedge to 
anyone, let alone Robert 
Elms.” She was particularly 
upset by the criticism in 
Elms’s New Socialist article 
directed at the Greenham 
women for bringing the 
party’s image into disrepute. 

Another critic of the Elms 
approach is Steven Wells of 
the New Musical Express. 1 
think it’s a load of rubbish 
that working-class youth are 
all style-obsessed. For every 
punk, soul boy and skinhead. 


"f V C t‘ * V ii-J* ■ 

Old and New Socialists: let 
Style Wars commence 

there are a hundred prats in 
anoraks and flared jeans.” - 

Despite the disagreements, 
it was Graham Ball who 
wrote some of the party's 
electoral leaflets during the 
Fulham by-election cam- 
paign, particularly those 
aimed at the 18 to 24-year- 
olds in the constituency. And 
Neville Brody has been asked 
to help spruce up Labour's 
iconocQgraphy. having al- 
ready given a FaeeA ift to the 
.leftist magazine, City Limits. 

However, the party would 
do well not to count on the 
long-term patronage of these 
young stylists. As Kinnock's 
Cred Committee are learning 
to their cost, these fast young 
men might do wonders for 
the party’s image, but they 
certainly do not come cheap. 
“When I went down to 
Oxford,” Elms complains, 
“theyhad the cheek to ask me 
to travel second-class.” The 
Labour Party may be an 
interesting side line for a man 
of Elms's tastes, but it cer- 
tainly won'rpay for his blade 
for-fined Levi bomber jacket. 

Toby Young 


Hoorah for hard work SATURDAY 

After the laid-back Sixties and 
street-marching Seventies, 
hard work appears to be back 
in vogue. 

“I’m here on a bit-man 
contract, then I'll transfer, 
make a packet and retire in 10 
years,” says one Porsche- 
driving, chain-smoking, 25- 
year-old executive. He is 
typical of the new breed of 
work-loving, reward-seekers 

who drive themselves to their 

Trend-watcher Peter York 
says: “The number of kids 
who want to go to business 
school, who are going into 
business as if it were a totally 
new idea, is phenomenal.'” 

The ’80s mark the coming of 

the Age of Hard Work and 

Longer Honrs, a trend, accord- 
ing to George Bickerstaffe of 
the Institute of Directors, that 
is permeating organizations 
right across the board (and 

Mr Bickerstaffe believes 

that today's Mr Average 

Businessman barely has time 
'to sleep. He cites the City 
whizz kid whose gargantuan 
salary demands a super-hu- 
man performance to justify ft. 
Peter York. 38. is an owner- 

♦ Quadro - classic simplicity 
and comfort 

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Small sofa £930 

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ril • ■ } ,i.-n W .ill 1 \ . ion' 


1 Exchange house help 

S Holiday town f6'i 

8 Look over (3) 

9 Leisurely walk (6) 

10 Tulip-shaped glass 
( 6 ) 

11 Victuals i J) 

12 Likeness <8) 

14 Dodge (6) 

17 Distribute (6) 

19 Saucy (8) 

22 Lightly lOucbes 14) 

24 Scout troop (6) 

25 Uncoordinated siaic 
( 6 ) 

26 Unconscious ( 3) 

27 Flowing (6) 

28 Stretch (6) 


2 Speak (S) 

3 Shape-changing 
protozoa (7) 

4 Ill-health mum (7) 

5 Happen again <S) 

mumm □■■□■■■! 

■ ■ ■ ■ 

aaiiiai aiam 

■ ■ •• ■ ■ 

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7 Resin wine (7) 
13 Helpful hint (3) 

15 Travel bag (71 

16 Vitality (3) 

17 Locale (7) 

18 Shining (7) 

Z0 By itself (3^) 
21 Apportion (5) 
23 Scots child (51 


ACROSS: 8 nuaeonioiogy 9 Ion 10 Aftermath 11 Tread 13 Lan- 
nSwi. 5^? 19 TjP® nOboarie Z4P0ra 25 ParTOt-fcsbioa 
? VHandas 4 Instil 5 Boer 6Dot- 
age ’ Pvthon 12RNR . 14 Notecase 15 RIP 16 Troupe 17 As- 
sure laThnfi 20 Impair 21 Ermine 23 Eyot 

director of foe SRU group of 
consultancy businesses, a TV 
and magazine journalist and 
co-amhor of foe Sloaue Ranger 

He says: “Executive used to 
be a euphemism for . haring 
perks and a high-flying time. 
But what is relatively new is 
the idea of the excitement 

being Che business itself and 
not simply the rewards.** 

Give Bannister, a 27-year- 
old management consultant 

(foe Company Man), w ork s 
until be drops. He does a fairly 

consistent 12-faonr day, seven 
days a week and has had one 

week's holiday tills year. 

“IT yon work hard,** be says, 
“you end op feeling good and 
valuing yonr every action be- 
cause you put so much sweat 
into it ... at the same time I 
am getting on foster and I’m 
also very well paid." 

He does not eves pay lip 
service to stress or Alness. 
“The former is a piece of self- 
serving mythology." And die 
latter? **l don’t set SI because Z 
don't have the time," he says. 

Stanley Berwin, 60-year-oU 
founder and senior partner of 
solicitors S-J. Berwin & Co, 
starts work, at 6 -30am and 
often does BOt finish until 2am. 

He says work has always come 
first and second, family third 
and other commitments a poor 
fourth. “I regret that I never 
saw ay children grow op,” he 
says. “My wife has been an 

Bat be does not believe that 
such marathon efforts are a 
sign of the times, maintaining 
rtwi all very successful men 
have always had to work 
extremely hard. 

His fundamental motive for 
working so hard is a desire to 
prove himself. To my sugges- 
tion that he has proved himself 
already and that he amid 
lessen his workload, be says: 
“That would be retiring.'” 

Caroline Phillips 

© H um N a wp apa ra LM IMS 

£12,000 to be won 

** ** rK *n iiinr mvrtwi nnhn 

Big Bang consumers 

Time is money in the high-speed hl~tecfa brave 
new electronic world of the City, and lone 
lunch-hours have lapsed with the demise ofthe 

old stock market ways. The Tiroes looks at the 
fast shopping and specialist services — and 
timed restaurant lunches — aimed at the 
pressured world of the new market-makers 

Riding the Tripe* nuts 

jungle train and Beauiolais 
Rainy days in Robust food 

Costa Rica and dr ink 

Can you always gel your copy pf The times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy ofTke Times' 


ADDRESS • . ; 






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The stately 
hounds of 

Forget the Big Bang and hi-tech efficiency. 
British eccentricity will be unleashed again 
when a most peculiar book is published 
next week. Libby Pnrves goes walkies through 
The English Dog At Home and discovers 
a world of dachshunds and decadence 

’fV- ■ v? <* : ' •' 



T ca>; ■•■ 

»V 2: 

•’ -aimiKt 

‘'•ttryik 1 was at a horse show once, and 
' lh " Bbt, ^ me across an oddly surreal sight 
’ ft dU» £ *h?re was a big, black car into 
1 i -v, .. 2 which were bopping, one by one, a 

■* ; ndikJ procession of gingery corns. As each 

'uni-'. Jumped up, a respectful fhmkey 
v-%: Fi r'.'..? dried the mud off their paws with 
• :n c iinV- Wg^st thickest fluffiest white 
■ '‘ai towel that ever left a palace laundry. 
Ma'am was dearly close at hand. 
Onlookers watched, reverently. 

It was a symbolic moment; our 
two most revered institutions, snob-, 
bery and dogs, had come together. 
■’ \ They come together « g pin in a most 
igl r.‘ peculiar book: The English Dog At 

rajy Home. 

The idea of ft is simple enough. 
They photographed 30 dog-owners, 
?. * (induding the Queen and Queen 
v - Mother, Princess Anne, two diich- 
. :\ esses, a lord and a couple of 

^ , baronets) in their homes, with their 
dogs. A few well-heeled Hambro, 
* Cadbury and Oaksey hounds are 

indudea, end various animals lie 

: smugly ensconced on Colefax & 

Fowler chintzes with glossy society 

- ladies of whom, alas, I have never 

heard because I am not a financier 
a “*' ^ or an interior decorator. 

ITUD;f The title notwithstanding, I have 
-3, to warn you that this is not a serious 
" attempt at mass observation of the 
canine: The proletariat is sadly 
*“ unrepresented. We may have the 
'/ >V Queen Mother clutching a packet of 
■ \l‘X Good Boy Choc Drops, Johnny 

Menzies buying Pekinese at 
? ' Harrods, and Lady Saunders (yes, 
yes, Katie Boyle) snuggled up with 
Jo-Jo, Bizzie and Ba-Ba; but we do 
f ™ not have Duane Wilkiaa of Epping 
V . ; ’ - 5U }‘ sharing a joke with Raznbo, Ins 
u\ jr > > • Alsatian, or Mr Patel from the 
corner shop posing with the big 
' Dobermann which is all that tends 

between him and the National 

'VVU'.l.N- b 

r»* *? fkf* t«v-» 


■■ • -.-.A* 

These may also be English dogs at 

i > afv 

home, but they do not fell within 

Hi 5. 

the remit of the bode. There is a 

dr* 10* if ,-f - ; 

. . . .. .••■•'■V 

token working collie and a regi- 



mental mascot, but basically the 
volume is yet another great big 
glossy nose, pressed to the windows 
of the rich. 

These books have been proliferat- 
ing alarmingly in the newly snob- 
bish, Tm-all-right-Jack 1980s. They 
bring in dollars, and bring out 
ancient divisions. Personally, 1 
slightly resent the way they seem to 
cast me as the Little Match Girt, 
looking wistfully m through other 
people's lighted windows; so I was 
not particularly curious to know 
more about the lifestyle of Mrs 
Charlie Palmer-Tom kinson's 
dreadful St Bernard, Mozart, or 
about enchanting little Humphrey, 
a white harry thing who amuses his 
master ana mistress the David 
Metcalfes by biting Henry the 
boiler’s “pinstriped leg". Goodness, 

Little Humphrey 
amuses his owners 
by biting the butler 

how funny. Makes you proud to be 

However, having got that bit of 
spleen off my chest, I must admit 
that if you change jhe title to amore 
honest one Hire blobs' Dogs,” or 
“House and Hound”, the book is 
not without a certain dotty appeal. I 
did like the way Sir John Wiggin, 
Bart, uncompromisingly entered 
upon matrimony with seven dachs- 
hunds on the bed, and tucked his 
trousers in his socks to stop Bryan 
the- ferret felling out 

I leaned something which might 
be usefiil about the tycoon Peter 
Cadbury, from the author’s revela- 
tion that his Great Dane, Melba, has 
her own five-foot double bed built 
into the bofler-room, and “lakes 
precedence over children and 
wives"; and I certainly enjoyed a 


That sleep 
of death 

The unusual and sad case of a 
man who died of insomnia is 
providing scientists with vital 
does to the understanding of 
sleep. Doctors now thlnlr they 
have identified a part of the 
brain which is essential to the 
control of sleep patterns and 
that they may even be able to 
find the gene which is behind 
it all. 

A 53-year-old American 
man died nine months after 
developing a progressive 
insomnia and other signs of 
brain damage. Surprisingly, it 
turned out that he wasn*t the 
only member of bis family to 
suffer this fate. Two of his 
sisters and many other rel- 
atives over three generations 

had died of a similar disease. 

During post-mortems on 
the man and one of his sisters, 
doctors at the Case Western 
Reserve University in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, discovered that 
both had lost brain cells from 
the thalamus. 

Now, as an editorial in the 
A1ei» England Journal of 
Medicine (where the case 
history was published re- 
cently) points out, research- 
ers are asking what role these 
specific brain cells play in 
sleep. They are looking for 
proteins In these cells which 
are “sleep messengers" or 
receive “sleep messages", and 
trying to piece together the 
mechanism. Because the con- 
dition was inherited it may 
also be possible to compare 
the DNA of his brain cells 
with that in normal cells and 
so identify' the gene involved. 

Paws for thnnght- Princess Anne and 

borrible frisson at the idea of ti 
baihtime ax Ba rham Hall, where s 
Angela Burrows: a 

“Sat in her bath and shared the b 
day's successes with her German c 
shepherd dog. Enthroned on a stool S] 
by her mistress’s side. Fame nuzzled h 

into her own special flannel as a 
Angela performed the nightly ritual p 
of washing first the Alsatian s face, $1 
then the equally expectant feces of 
two spaniels and a sheepdog puppy n 
queuing up behind." t< 

In feet, one of the main things to w 

emerge from the book, as we peer b 
through the lighted windows at the _ 
Quality and their dogs, is the 
remarkable immunity these upper 
crust humans have developed to 
any proper sense of disgust When 
Janey Roxburghe chats gaily about 
puppies that wee down her tweeds 
while she tries to fight her way out 
of Floors Castle through the milling 
coach parties, one has to reflect that E 

surely ft is only the British who □ 
could record and applaud so feith- a; 
fully the plight of a urine-stained p 
duchess. Still, ^suppose that if you a] 
are the sister of one duke and the w 
wife of another, you can manage the s i 

dry-cleaning bills. g 

But how to account for the n 

tolerance of Robert Abel Smith, b 
whose wife's dachshund stands each K 
night foursquare on her tummy st 
baring his leelh"? Or Lord Oaksey’s n 

barmy devotion to his hideous, tl 

perverted and flea-ridden terrier? tz 

Why are they so devoted to these a 
dogs? Perhaps after all, the most n 
touching essay in the book is about a C 

schoolboy, the Hon William Petty- 
fitzmaurice, who parts tearfully si 

from bis labrador at every holiday’s d 

end. But even that does not explain ai 

the debonair Mr Loudoun Con- 
stantine cancelling all his meetings 
and dosing his office to return 
borne frantic because a “common 
collie" bad sexually assaulted his 
spaniel It seems that when you 
have nothing much left to worry 
about in life, you acquire a dog to 
provide the frustration and hard- 
ship you would otherwise miss. 

Blind tolerance of doggy 
misbehaviour has a sinister aspect 
to it if you happen to be on the 
wrong side of the green baize door. 
Not only do dear little Marcus and 

Few of these animal s 
have been taught 
any manners at all 

Brancus snap at “men who come to 
mend pipes", and lift their legs 
against “starched nannies’’ in the 
park (so amusing); but even the 
apparently affable Mr Constantine, 
when his dog Lady tried to retrieve a 
salmon and nearly drowned the 
ghillie. snapped “If my dog wants to 
retrieve ray fish, that is my 
business." Meanwhile, down in 
Kent, “Blob, a German painter, has 
sent 12 people Jo hospital, although 
□one required stitches". Very few of 
these nobby animals have been 
taught any manners at all; it is quite 
a relief to come to Connor, the dour 
regimental mascot of the Irish 
Guards, who has. 

The owners, seeing nothing 
strange about their obsession with 
dogs, spoke very freely to the 
author. Felicity .Wigan. Only the 

from the Dumfriesshire hunt, at Gatcombe Park 

xwdoun Con- Royal Family are treated with 
11 his meetings bland, quoteless reportage; the rest 
fice to return of them chat away like mad. 
£ a “common Curious to know her technique, I 
assaulted his rang up the author. She is an 
iat when you interior decorator and designer 'in 

left to worry between other things", and fell into 

quire a dog to cahoots with a distinguished fine an 
ion and hard- photographer, Geoffrey Shaker! ey. 
■wise miss. Between them, they knew just about 
t of doggy everyone in the book. When I 
sinister aspect remarked jocularly 'that she hadn't 

to be on the half got old Peter Cadbury to say 
en fa™* door. some daft things about his dog. she 
le Marcus and giggled and said “well, he's my 
rather actually, so I do know his 

innermost thoughts . . 

animals Friends or not it was hard work. 
“ “We bullied and badgered people, 

taught Geoffrey was the one really who got 
•c of all the Queen to pose with her dogs, 
1111 and the Queen Mother. But the 
session was all very normal and 
pleasant" She cheerfully admits 
Q who come to that because of pressure of time, and 

lift their legs the publisher's shrewd eye on the 
mn ins” ft] the American market the book is no 
but even the sort of cross-section of English dog- 
r Constantine, owning. “Myself I would have 
ed to retrieve a loved to have done some different 
drowned the sort of homes. But the idea did 
ly dog wants to begin with interiors: I was talking to 

that is my a friend about English bouse 

il& down in decoration, and how in this country 

Eta pointer, has one does decorate always with dogs 

pital, although in mind, since everything gets 
s". Very few of messed tip. I can't describe to you 

Is have been what the sessions were like. Let me 
it all; it is quite J 11 ® 1 you, we carried Bonios 
innor, the dour everywhere. 

of the Irish The English Dog At Horae by Felicity 

Cancer: beverage report 

Recently we heard that coffee Is linked to heart 
KSKJ disease; now It seems that tea can give you 
rectal cancer. Doctors in Hawaii have exam- 
load and Interviewed nearly 8,000 men of 
r^rs^rj Japanese descent and followed them for at 
least 16 years to see what happened to their 
\X hftfttth. Analysts showed that those who 
habitually drank more than one cup of tea a day were four 
times more likely to develop rectal cancer than those who 
hardly ever took the beverage. 

The tea these men drank was “black" tea. so named 
because of the way it is picked and prepared rather than for 
any lack of milk. This is the sort of tea most commonly con- 
sumed in the UK. 

The study found no link, however, between tea and cancer 
of the bladder or kidney, as has been suggested by other re- 
search. Indeed, there was some evidence mat it might protect 
against cancer of the prostate. 

Writing in the British Journal of Cancer, the researchers say 
their findings have yet to be confirmed, but suggest that tea 
could cause rectal cancer either by direct action on the rectum 
or because It interacts with other cancer-promoting factors. 

ASHe’ 21 111# 20 or 30 years, but doctors 

Miua ally now fear that HTLV 1 has 

entered other populations, 
The light against Aids could transmitted sexually or by die 

be further complicated by the use of hypodermic needles, 

spread of cancer-causing vi- Evidence suggests that the 

ruses distantly related to the joint presence of HTLV 1 and 

Aids virus. Homan T the Aids virus makes both 

lymphotropic retrovirus type viruses more infective. 

I (HTLV 1), is thought to be A recent report in The 
one cause of leukaemia and to Lancet said that 27 per cent of 
have been endemic to some drag addicts in Rome are now 
parts of the world - such as HTLV 1 positive; 33 per cent 
Japan and the Caribbean — had antibodies to the Aids 
for many years. virus. Doctors expect to see a 

In these populations the rise in leukaemia cases there 
virus causes disease only after over the next five to 20 years. 

Wigan with Victoria Mather, photo- 
graphs by Geoffrey Shakertey. is 
onday (Chatto A 

graphs by Geq 
published on A 
Windtus. £ 14 . 95 ). 

w-Mi irtoU\ l' • • 
I sM 

i&uj. In' 911th fe,.* 



f.*r ihr 
4 *' ,L * T,J “ 


»nr: v F 

( tuC 

Jw <- r. • 

Pretty words, pity women 

If Mrs Thatcher really wants a How much tTUSt Can 

fair share for women in public : 

life, she could start at West- women place in Mrs 

minster. Even as the announ- — — ; 

cement of ministry league ThatcherS promise 

tables for women in public — . , 0 — 

appointments was made last Ot more tOpJODS: 

j i)l*i ^iMinE 


n vi "I 


rftftft to be won 

appointments was made last 
week (all shortlists, it was 
promised, would contain one 
woman) there was at least one 
shortlist that definitely didn't. 
The one for Tory whips. 

Three vacancies for whips 
and one for a serieant have 
been filled within the past few 
days, all by men. If you add 
another newly-filled male va- 
cancy, , Secretary to the 
Speaker, that makes five doors 
slammed on women in a week. 

Accidental or deliberate? 
The male excuses are as weak 
as a saloon-bar joke. “If only 
there were more women 
MPs." or, “we don’t want to 
silence them” (whips never 
speak in the House), or “the 

right woman 

hasn’t come 

special pleading: “There is a 
bit of artifidaifty about it It is 
necessary for women to be in 
government, but in terms of 
the whips’ office the last thing 
you want would be to go in on 
an antagonistic level.” 

No? Though the Tories 
have never had a woman 
whip. Labour has had four, 


Most teenage magazines are merely light 
pom, the Family and Youth Concern group 
says. A consumer, aged 15, airs her views 
on advice offered by the agony aunts 

Stand up Mrs Marion Roe, and they have a reputation for 
Conservative Member for ruthlessness. One of them. 

Broxboixme. As a former dep- 
uty chief whip at the GLC, she 
showed that a gentle touch 
could be just as effective as 
traditional male arm-twisting. 
She says: “A woman will react 
differently from a man. It does 

Miss Betty Boothroyd, ray s: 
“A woman in the whips’ office 
has to be tough, but if she can 
take the long hours and the 
aggravation, then so can the 
rest of the party." 

A modem Labour Cabinet, 
however, is obviously a drf- 

noi matter what the job is, she however, is obviously a dif- 
wifl bring something to it ferent matter. Neil Kirin ock’s 
purely by being a woman." Shadow Cabinet, announced 
Not all woman MPs are. on Wednesday, contained not 
enthusiastic, however. Mrs one female name. 

purely by being a woman. 

Not all woman MPs are, 
enthusiastic, however. Mrs 
Anna McCurley, Tory MP for 
Renfrew West and Inverclyde; 
sounds a note of caution over 

John Warden 

O TH— m w»p»p a n IM MU 

[Jang co R s»n;t. f 

lh * V ! ; ~ - 1,1 

Imv* ikrH. ' ■ to**' j 

Burl- 1 i:yfc ‘ 

,4!l« m"" 1 

' A. 



din in 

4 1 • .iL 

-Situ V ‘V*-- 

In this fast and often furious world, 
the last thing you need is a headache. 

But when you have, you need a strong Sgf3M$| 
solution. Take fuLl strength Trarail 500, for 

Each capsule contains 500rag of para- 
cetawol, an analgesic doctors prescribe. And 
it's gentle on your stomach. 

It's fast-acting, too. _ 

So it'll knock out your headache in no time. 


4 It is generally bettered 
that foe adolescent girl 
has more problems 
than anyone else in the 
world. In every teenage 
magazine there is the trusty 
help line for all those pooled 
pnbescents, needing homely 
advice abort what to say or do 
I with boys or how to cope with a 
toenail that’s turning green. 

The letters are usually 
signed “Anguished A-Ha fan" 
or “Desperately Needing 
Help". What varies is the 
quality of advice on offer. 

My Gay magazine has a 
letter page beaded “A Prob- 
lem Shared is a Problem 
Halved”. The problems that 
My Guy’s Jenny deals with 
range from illegi tima te chil- 
dren to racist parents, but 
most people . could have 
worked oat the ‘ advice for 
themselves. Jenny sounds like 
a recorded message from a 
very tired social worker. 

Her replies are very often of 
the “here is a lesson in life" 
tone. For instance, a girl who 
tied to her friend that she had 
a boyfriend was told: “I hope 
yon hare learnt a lesson from 
all this. Never try to act big to 
your friends and never teQ Silly 
fibs. "This is hardly helpful as 
the girl has most likely been 
cursing herself for doing it in 
the first place. 

It Is this kind of moralizing 
attitnde that girls are trying to 
escape from when they write to 
an agony aunt. They want 
someone who can give them 
adnlt advice without the adult 

In Jackie, the problems are 
more often try do with catching 
the boy next door on. the 
rebound, and the advice given 
by Cathy and Claire is usually 
Mamsy as a result They tell 
the readers that it’s all a phase 
they are going through and 
that it ires the same when they 
were kids! The girl who is 
being teased by her boyfriend 
about her doll collection is, one 
hopes, relieved by a friendly 
joke. The advice is not 
ootstandfeg in Its insight hut it 
is that of a sympathetic friend. 

fast Seventeen** agony annt, 
Melanie, has to deal with a 
slightly older audience, titan 
Cathy and Claire’s and 
accordingly the problems are 
more senous. 

Melanie has some problems 

of her own in offering advice. 
She can be counted on always 
to take die girl’s side, and she 
seems to think it is worse to be 
an nnder-age smoker than a 
15-year-®M pregnant heroin 

Bat Melanie usually gives 
an address for further pro- 
fessional help, and at least she 
manages not to patronize. 

The best help page of afi, 
however, belongs to the newest 
magazine, Mizz- The head- 
lines inn: “Onr teachers are 
lesbians — I want to be a model 


QTI m — W wipip i n UJ IMS 

L 1 


on marriage, 
and Macbeth 

Flames of fire and lice 

The National Pharmaceutical Association has 
issued a warning on foe dangers of using head 
lice lotion near a naked flame. It comes after an 
ft -year-old Yorkshire girl’s hair burst into 
frame when her father, after applying the lotion 
to her head, switched on a gas fire. The 
problem, the association says, is that most 
head lice lotions contain inflammable alcohol. It warns: "You 
should not allow treated hair near any naked flame — either 
cigarettes or an open fire. A hair dryer is also dangerous, as 
well as preventing the lotion from working property. The hair 
must be allowed to dry naturally in a warm but well-ventilated 

The association stressed this week that people should ask 
foe pharmacist’s advice when buying head lice lotion. Non- 
alcoholic versions are available but are generally used only by 
people with sensitive skins or asthma. In the hope that foe 
growing head Tice problem can be controlled, most authorities 
around foe country have agreed that only specific treatments 
will be used at any one time in any one area. 

Last aasoer smoked *** 41 had 

totally’ “non-smoking" teams. 
Young people ©sight be less The best players were even 
in dined to smoke if they lively to be smokers, 

knew how few of their football 3 j per cent of first 

idols support the habit, division players smoked. 

According to the latest British compared with 6.9 per cent of 

Journal of Sports Medicme, fourth division footballers, 
only 78 of 1,559 players 
surveyed — 5 per cent — 

Lorraine Fraser 


4J : 

Just Seventeen: helpful? 

— WiU he tell my parents?" 
Mizz’s agony aunt Trida obvi- 
ously does a good deal of 
research before answering her 
letters. She is f a ctual without 
being dinicaL She tells the 
girls who think their teachers 
are lesbians that they are 
being ■ malicious, nosy and 
over-imaginative. She warns 
the girl who wants to be a 
model how difficult it is and 
bow all the agents are after 
your money; and to the girl 
who has bad under-age sex 
with a boy who Is now threat- 
ening to teU her parents, she 
suggests that the girl tell the 
boy that be was breaking the 
hw by having sex with her and 
that her parents would press 

You may never need medical 
care for heart disease, but here 
attlie VvfeQingtxxi hospital in St 
John’s Wood, we perform over 
twenty open heart operations 
every week. 

Our success rate is equal to 
or better than the best known 
heart centres in the world, and 
Humana’s pioneering of the A 
artificial heart has earned m 
us international respect Jp 

Our care goes beyond 
diagnosis, testing and i 

surgery, to provide an Aij 
ideal environment for /%\ 
recovery All ^xyKngtx»y "v ^ 
hospital staff 

are highly /T \ 

trained, caring 1 \\\ > 

professionals, j ' \\V\ ^ 

who are j __ 

happy to ,, ' 

answer all a 

questions '■yj -~T^ 

md explain 1 • 

can relax and fed at ease. 

After surgery, we stay with 
our patients, their doctors and 
families, until they are really 
well again. 

Wfe give sound advice on 
diet, exercise and life style, for a 
full recovery and aheahhy future. 

M | This quality of care can 

be chosen by anyone, 
and as you would 

so that 

Most people could get 
equally good advice at home m* 
from their friends, but it is not 
the advice alone that girls 
want It is the anonymity that 
a problem page offers that is 
so appealing. The 
reader can take her 
advice and “dose the wB 
case" without having to M 
pay a debt of gratitude. ^ 

Tamara Grose 

jdures W. J 
at 7«7/ 
nts'and ^ — j 
families ; 

merit by all the usual 
private medical 
insurance schemes. 

Full details can be 
obtained from The 
\ Executive Directoi; 
> V. Humana Hospital 
1 T &feffington, 
Mirigtm Place, 

t London NW8 
9LE, or tele- 
phone 01-586 
5959 because, 
although you 
eart surgery at 
\ me Ellington, ifc 
i good to know we 
\ are there. 

■Humana Hospital Wellington 






John Bifien. the Leader of the 
House, should think again if he 
believes he can. willy-nilly, drop 
long-planned Bills lo ensure essen- 
tial legislation makes it through 
Parliament before a 1 9S7 election. 
The record and print publishing 
industry is so upset that the 
government has apparently 
dropped its long-awaited Copy- 
right Bill — designed to sort out the 
anarchy in blank tapes, satellite 
TV and photo-copying markets — 
that it is bombarding Biifen with 
letters. Six Tory MFs have put 
their names to an early-day mo- 
tion urging the bill's inclusion in 
the Queen's Speech. One, David 
.Am ess, will be going on television 
this week to hammer home the 


While the nation awaits the 
privatization of British Gas, Tony 
Speller, a Tory member of the 
Commons energy committee, is 
casting his mind back to the stove- 
by-stove conversion to North Sea 
gas in the 1970s. He is so worried 
about what will happen when the 
North Sea fields run dry in 20 
years' time that he has tabled a 
question to the Energy Secretary, 
Peter Walker, asking for assur- 
ances “that no cost will (all upon 
the gas consumer if cookers and 
appliances have to be reconnected 
to town gas". I can provide my 
own written answer: British Gas 
tells me it will foot the bill — and 
the conversion will be handled at 
source by factories processing coal 
and oil-produced gas into “sub- 
stitute natural gas". 

• My award for the bad-taste dish 
of the day goes to the crassly- 
named RoUock's Restaurant in the 
heart of Fulham yuppieland. Its 
dessert menu offers “Banana 
Belgrauo: General ice-cream — 
that sinking feeling." 

Courting laughs 

A wit at Wood Green Crown 
Court has come up with an 
ingenious way of remedying the 
tedium of the Warned List As 
every solicitor knows, this is the 
catalogue of cases yet to be 
brought to trial. Barbara Taylor, 
one of the court's officers, has 
taken to adorning the list with 
sketches of skeletons in handcuffs 
and wheelchairs, designed to par- 
ody the interminable passage of 
time brought about by the back- 
log. Those on remand or bail will 
not, alas, be privy to the delights of 
the cartoons; they are for 
solicitors’ eyes only. 



J-R A 

‘You realize this could ruin 
our reputation' 

Market forces 

After my story about lefty - Lam- 
beth buying South African-linked 
catering uniforms, news reaches 
me that the London School of 
Economics, another of Duchess 
Uniforms’ customers, has can- 
celled its orders. Labour MP 
Frank Dobson last week wrote to 
lndraprasad Patel, the LSE direc- 
tor. asking it to stop buying from 
Duchess, and Patel has replied 
saying he will. “It is established 
policy that we don't buy South 
African products,” he told me. 

Weighing in 

Cyril Smith has got a nerve. 
Walking past the Tory’ employ- 
ment minister, David Trippier, in 
the House this week, he boomed: 
“Oil You want lo watch it, lad. 
you're putting on weight.” A 
startled Trippier. an old pal of 
Smith's from Rochdale Council 
days, confessed he has indeed put 
on' about half a stone, to a mere 
12'/i. Smith, who weighs in at 29 
stone, tells me “1 told him to go 
and have a word with Edwina.” 

• Notice in the window of a 
Battersea bookshop: “Buy your 
Christmas gift books now — so you 
can read them first.” 


The last day in office of Sir George 
S’oung. the environment under- 
secretary kicked out in last 
month's' reshuffle, was not a happy 
one, thanks to British Rail. His 
train to Reading to make a 
connection to attend a function in 
Devon was cancelled. With the 
next train limed to miss the 
connection by five minutes, his 
private office made a frantic plea 
to British Rail for the West 
Country train to be delayed at 
Reading until his arrival — but in 
vain. He tried to make it to 
Reading by taxi but missed the 
connection by three minutes, so 
got a taxi to lake him all the way lo 
Barnstaple. The angry ex-minister 
kicked up such a fuss that BR 
reimbursed the full £125 fare. 


Monetary statistics were first pre- 
pared in their present form in 
1963. Since then broad money, on 
the familiar sterling M3 definition 
(which includes notes and coin, 
and all sterling bank deposits), has 
risen by about 12 times and. 
money national income by about 
12’/: times. 

Targets for the growth of broad 
money were introduced in July 
1976 to restrain inflation. The 
inflation rate then, as measured by 
the annual increase in the retail 
price index, was 1 3.3 per cent, and 
rising. Today it is 3 per cent. In 
more general terms, monetary 
targets have been instrumental in 
reducing the trend inflation rate 
from 1 5 per cent in the mid-1970s 
to 5 per cent at present. 

The crude facts of the link 
between broad money and na- 
tional income, and the apparent 
success of the system of monetary 
control established a decade ago, 
suggest that official targets for 
broad money should be retained. 
As the Americans say: “If it ain’t 
broke, don't fix it”. But the 
government has a different view. 
Broad money targets are now 
practically defunct and will soon, 
perhaps in the Chancellor’s au- 
tumn statement, be formally aban- 

The thinking behind this change 
was explained in a speech by 
Robin Leigh-Pemberton, Gov- 
ernor of the Bank of En glan d, at 
Loughborough University last 
week. His central argument was 
that technical change in the finan- 
cial system has disturbed the 
relationship between broad mon- 
ey and national income so 
radically in the 1980s that it is 
“fair to ask whether a broad 
money target continues to serve a 
useful purpose". Perhaps “we 
would do better to dispense with 
monetary targe try altogether". 

“Put not thy trust in princes” 
would seem to be a fitting epitaph 
both for the career of Sheikh 
Ahmed Zaki Yamani, just dis- 
missed as Saudi Arabia's oil 
minister, and for postwar British 
policy towards Saudi Arabia and 
the Arab world generally. 

Yamani was the architect of the 
original Arab oil offensive in 1973 
and of subsequent Opec razzias 
which drove up the price of oil to 
vertiginous heights, forced the 
industrial nations to reduce 
sharply their dependence on the 
Middle East and eventually 
brought such a fall in demand as to 
deplete Saudi Arabia’s coffers, 
even causing tremors in the ruling 
dynasty itself. 

The architects of British Middle 
Eastern policy in recent decades 
have been imbued with an attitude 
of mind diametrically opposite to 
Yamani ’s confident, bold, even 
overbearing demeanour. Con- 
vinced of foe decline of Britain as 
a great power, unable to influence, 
let alone shape, the course of 
events in foe Middle East, they 
have consistently emphasized foe 
pre-eminence of British commer- 
cial over political interests while 
counselling foe adoption of an 
accommodating stance towards 
any and every Arab regime, 
however unattractive. In foe last 
resort, so foe coda to foe argument 
usually runs, Britain's future lies 
in Europe and not in an unreward- 
ing preoccupation with post-im- 
perial responsibilities East of Suez. 

Two developments of late have 
thrown these certitudes into 
doubt: foe irrelevance of the Arab 
“oil weapon” and foe rise of 
Middle Eastern terrorism, sym- 
bolized respectively by the eclipse 
of Yamani and foe Hindawi case. 
Syrian complicity in terrorism, 
proved to foe hilt in foe Hindawi 
trial even provoked the British 
government into a refreshing ex- 
pression of displeasure with foe 
Baaihist regime. 

But faith in foe efficacy of 
turning foe other cheek still lin- 
gers. The British ambassador in 
Damascus is reported to have 
expressed “sorrow and unhapp- 
iness" on being told of foe 
severance of diplomatic relations. 
His mission, he said regretfully, 
which was to boost relations 
between foe two countries, had 
been a failure. Would it not have 
been more seemly, as well as more 
salutary, for him to have uttered a 
few words of condemnation of foe 
Syrian regime? 

At foe heart of foe arguments 
deployed by foe Foreign Office lo 
justify its placatory approach to 
foe Arab world lies a conviction, 
accorded foe status of holy writ, 
that British and Arab interests are, 
if not exactly alike, at least 
reasonably compatible. It was a 
doubtful proposition at the best of 
times, and these are not foe best of 
times. For instance, it was in 

The Sunday Express published a 
sensational front page “exclusive” 
at the weekend claiming that the 
Aids virus was “artificially created 
by American scientists during 
laboratory experiments which 
went disastrously wrong” 

Tbe allegation was based on 
interviews with three scientists: 
one in London, who was con- 
vinced that Aids was created by 
accident during cancer research, 
“probably in tbe United States”; 
another scientist in California, 
who believed that Aids “must 
have been genetically engineered”; 
and a third. Professor Jacob Segal, 
who “pinpointed a secret Ameri- 
can laboratory at Ford Detrick, 
Maryland, as the most likely 
place” for this engineering 
Segal, we are told, “bolds no 
particular political beliefs.” He 
just happens to live in East Berlin. 

A revelation based on such poor 
evidence would deserve no atten- 
tion were it not for foe fact that it 
coincides precisely with a current 
KGB disinformation campaign. 
Speaking at a seminar in London 
last Friday, Soviet defector Ilya 
Dzhirkvelov described how he 
had planted false information in 
the Western press while working 
for the KGB. He outlined various 
campaigns now being orchestrated 
by his former colleagues to foment 
hostility to foe United States 
among the people of Nato allies 
and Third World countries; these 
range from whipping up concern 
over “Star Wars” and other 

Why Lawson 
must stick 
to his target 

by Tim Congdon 

This argument has considerable 
force. There is no doubt, for 
example, that foe more attractive 
interest rates now available on 
bank deposits should encourage 
people to hold a high share of their 
wealth in this form. But there are 
at least two reasons far scepticism, 
perhaps even cynicism, about the 
government’s decision. 

The first is that technological 
advance in banking and other 
financial services has been contin- 
uous since foe early 1960s. Some 
of foe innovations have reduced 
the amount of money people need 
to keep (as a proportion of 
income) in their banks, while 
others have increased it. But over 
foe whole period their effects have 
broadly cancelled out Although 
foe rate of change may have 
accelerated in recent years, and 
there does appear to have been 
some rise in foe desired ratio of 
money to national income, foe 
1 980s are not obviously special or 

An unhappy memory is that foe 
Bank of England made excuses for 
very high growth rates of broad 
money in foe early 1970s by 
attributing them to technical and 

institutional developments It 
could not easily interpret. But 
confusion about the meaning of 
the statistics should not have been 
a pretext for nihilis m about the 
right way to conduct policy. In 
1975 the inflation rate exceeded 
25 per cent, the highest in Britain's 
peace-time history. 

Equally, technical and institu- 
tional developments today should 
not be used to justify any rate, no 
matter how rapid, of broad money 
growth. It is one thing to say that 
foe liberalization of mortgage 
finance, the internationalization 
of company finance, foe Big Bang 
and various other upheavals have 
altered foe relationship between 
money, income and expenditure. 
It is something quite different to 
claim that, in foe new circum- 
stances, there is no such thing as 
an excessive rate of broad money 
growth which will cause inflation. 

The second worry is related to 
foe first. Ifbroad money was being 
demoted at a time when foe Bank 
of England was meeting hs targets 
with reasonable precision, there 
would not be much suspicion in 
foe City about foe government’s 
motives. But, In feet, broad money 

As Yamani goes, J.B. Kelly calls for 
a tougher approach to the Arabs 

Tremble no 
longer before 
the sheikhs 

Britain's interest to continue 
pumping North Sea oil at a time 
when Saudi Arabia wanted to 
restrict production to reduce the 
oil glut and hold up prices. 
Fortunately, since this was a 
decision which fell mainly to other 
departments, notably foe Trea- 
sury, British interests prevailed. 

As a rule, foe Foreign Office will 
go to foe ends of foe earth to avoid 
saying or doing anything severe to 
an Arab ruler or government, lest 
it arouse resentment or provoke 
retribution. In part this delicate 
concern for Arab sensibilities can 
be ascribed to foe embarrassment 
felt by foe Arabists over Britain's 
imperial past in foe Middle East 
They could, if they so wished, rid 
themselves overnight of this 
particular incubus simply by 
contemplating foe Arab past The 
Arabs understand perfectly well 
the essence of imperial rule and 
recall their own era of imperial 
domination with pride. What has 

® Voflcswagm of America 
baffled them is the spectacle of an 
ex-imperial but still great power 
feiling to behave in accordance 
with its stature but reacting to 
almost every challenge with a pre- 
emptive cringe. 

Until the end of tbe Indian and 
colonial empires, the Foreign 
Office's influence upon British 
Middle Eastern policy was tem- 
pered by the views of foe India 
Office and foe Colonial Office. 
Diplomacy of its very nature is a 
process of bargaining which too 
often breeds a habit of appease- 
ment Imperial rule, in contrast, 
breeds a habit of authority, along 
with a proprietorial attitude to the 
lands ruled and a deep sense of 
responsibility to their peoples, 
sentiments which in their turn 
induce a strong aversion to seeing 
these lands and the destinies ox 
their peoples bargained away in 
diplomatic exchanges in distant 
capitals. These were the fun- 
damental reasons which made tbe 

Aids: Moscow’s new 
weapon in its 
secret war of smears 

aspects of US military strategy to 
attempts to blame the Americans 
for virtually every unpleasant 
feature of contemporary life, 
including Aids. 

The Sunday Express “scoop” 
was in feet already known to 
readers of Soviet Analyst, which I 
edit. .An article late last year 
quoted an English language broad- 
cast to Asia by the Peace and 
Progress radio station in Moscow 
alleging that outbreaks of Aids 
“are as a rule registered in the 
areas near American war bases.” 
The commentator continued: “A 
whole number of facts gives 
ground to assume that the primary 
cause of the disease was a secret 
experiment for developing new 
types of bacteriological weapons 
in the laboratories or the Pentagon 
and CIA.” 

Another Moscow broadcast, in 
Turkish, warned Nato countries to 
close US bases because of foe 
“devastating danger of an epi- 
demic- of Aids, foe result of 
frightful experiments conducted 
on humans by the Pentagon.” 

Before he defected to foe West, 
Dzhirkvelov worked clandestinely 

in Switzerland for Service A of foe 
KGB First Directorate, which is 
responsible for spreading false or 
misleading information, 
manipulating the Western media 
and r unning agents of influence 
and from organizations. These 
operations come under foe direc- 
tion of foe ruling Politburo 
through one of its senior mem- 
bers, the KGB chief Viktor 

Many of the Soviet diplomats 
recently expelled by Washington 
were known KGB agents involved 
in such measures, as were some of 
the journalists and diplomats sent 
home from Britain last year. Well 
documented cases in other coun- 
tries include that of foe Danish 
agent of influence. Arne Herloev 
Peterson, who campaigned for a 
Nordic zone free of nuclear weap- 
ons, and among other operations 
arranged for the printing of a 
pamphlet attacking Mrs Thatcher. 

A Norwegian government of- 
ficial, .Ame Trebolt, was convicted 
in June last year for espionage. In 
France, foe case of journalist 
Pierre-Chaiies Pafo6 received 
considerable publicity, while in 

growth is not only far ahead of the 
official target range, but also — at 
almost 20 per cent in the last year 
— higher than at any time since the 
Barber boom. 

There may be grounds for 
expecting broad money to increase 
by 3 or 4 per cent a year more than 
national income for quite a long 
period. That would, indeed, ex- 
plain why the 1 1 or 12 per cent 
increases in broad money re- 
corded between 1981 and 1985 
were typically accompanied by 
real growth of 3 per cent and 
inflation of 5 per cent But how 
can 20 per cent rises in sterling M3 
be reconciled with the 
government's objectives? 

A very modest grasp of ele- 
mentary arithmetic is sufficient to 
suggest that, if the pattern of the 
early 1980s persists, 20 per cent 
increases in broad money imply 
that money gross national product 
will eventually rise by about 15 
per cent. Since it is fantasy to 
imagine that real growth can be 
much above 5 per cent, the 
mwwag i- must be *hat inflati on will 
accelerate in foe next few years, 
perhaps to as much as 10 percent. 

In short, the feet of financial 
change does not in and of itself 
rule out tbe possibility of exces- 
sive monetary growth, while the 
latest numbers suggest disturb- 
ingly that monetary growth has 
indeed become excessive. It may 
be convenient for Nigel Lawson 
that he can discard a mqjor barrier 
to stimulatory policies so dose to 
a general election. But, after the 
experience of tbe Barber boom 
and its sequel, no one should be 
surprised if seemingly good politi- 
cal tactics in foe short run prove to 
be electorally unrewarding and 
bad economic strategy in the 
medium term. 

The author is chief economist at 
stockbroker L Messel & Co. 

India Office, in particular, more 
tenacious in its defence of British 
interests in the Middle East 

Now the Foreign Office is tbe 
sole repository of Middle Eastern 
expertise upon which the Cabinet 
can draw for advice. We are today 
all too well aware of the 
melancholy results that have 
flowed from that advice: the 
shattered hopes and abandoned 
friends that have fallen victim to 
foe Foreign Office’s nerveless 
compulsion to trim to the wind of 
Arab radicalism. 

A similar anxiety to please 
governed its relations with tra- 
ditional regimes. For instance, 
until foe early 1950s British 
diplomats visiting Riyadh were 
required, and apparently willingly 
consented, to wear Arab dress. 
They might, if they were so 
inclined, have derived a little 
reassurance about the benefits of a 
more robust demeanour by cast- 
ing a look back to the example of 
an Arabist of an earlier generation. 

When Lord Carrington, as For- 
eign Secretary, travelled to Riyadh 
a tew years ago to atone in person 
fin* the offence caused foe Saudi 
royal family by the screening on 
British television of Death of a 
Princess, he was graciously as- 
sured by King Khalid that foe 
bonds of Anglo-Saudi friendship 
remained intact, particularly as 
foe royal family still honoured the 
memory of Captain Shakespear. 
Carrington, so report had it, was 
somewhat puzzled, since it seemed 
unlikely that the Saudi monarch 
was an admirer of tbe Bard. 

The reference, in feet, was to 
Captain WJ1J. Shakespear, tbe 
British political a^nt in Kuwait, 
who in 1914 undertook a hazard- 
ous journey across Arabia from 
foe Gulf coast to the Sinai 
peninsula. Although he travelled 
through the heart of the Saudi 
domains, and was attended by an 
escort of puritanical Wahhabi 
ikhwan who abhorred liquor, to- 
bacco and Christians alike, 
Shakespear ignored the demand 
that he don Arab dress but wore 
instead his Indian Political Ser- 
vice uniform. He also took with 
him his cases of whisky and 
Moselle, along with a supply of 
cigars, all of which he would enjoy 
at the end of the day’s march, 
whatever his escort might think. 

Shakespear was killed in Janu- 
ary 1915 in a tribal affray while 
serving as a political emissary to 
IbnSaud. This was the man whose 
name, it appears, is still revered in 
royal circles in Riyadh. Perhaps 
now, with foe fell of Yamani and 
the serving of notice on Syria that 
state-sponsored terrorism win not 
be tolerated, the Foreign Office's 
Arabists might be tempted to take 
a leaf out of Shakespear^ book. 

IP Tim— llwnpqiwi, fga. 

J.B. Kelly is the author qf Arabia, 
Tbe Gulf and The West, 

( Weidenfefd and Nicolson). 

David Watt 

Greece the Soviet connections of 
foe newspaper Ephnos are being 
closely examined. La st July foe 
Dakar weekly Afiique Nouvetle 
and The Nation of Nairobi both 
carried a letter from Gbenga 
Adefuyeye, of the Patriotic Youth 
Movement of Nigeria, claiming 
that foe Aids virus was developed 
by foe US military. 

The US State Department now 
co-ordinates an inter-agency 
working group to counter such 
Soviet measures by alerting the 
media and general public to 
forgeries and other methods of 
disinformation. Because of tbe 
extent of these activities this is no 
easy task. Herbert Romerstein. a 
senior officer in this working 
group, exhibits with a certain wry 
pride a forgery which actually uses 
the letterhead and signature from 
a letter he himself wrote and 
circulated to expose an earlier 
forgery. A pair of scissors and a 
photocopier were enough to pro- 
duce a “letter” in which he was 
made to argue (in rather bad 
English) that the Chernobyl 
disaster be exploited for propa- 
ganda purposes. 

Although Britain is less of a 
target for such Soviet operations 
than foe US, it seems that here, 
too, more effort is required to 
persuade the media and public 
that disinformation should be 
discussed in a wider context than 
US policy towards Libya. 

Iain Elliot 

Trawling for 

The British government's decision 
to enforce a fishing zone of 150 
miles round tbe Falkiands is, so 
ferasl can see, another example of 
the Prime Minister’s tendency to 
do things on foe international 
scene mainly because the Foreign 
Office advises her not to. At any 
rate, she has overriden two 
substantial objections — in part, 
no doubt for the stated reason of 
wishing to conserve South At- 
lantic fish stocks but partly, 
without question, for the pleasure 
of putting the Argies in their place. 

The first doubt is whether 
Britain can make its fiat stick. The 
patrol vessels and aircraft we now 
have at our disposal in the South 
Atlantic are probably insufficient 
to police foe extended beat of 
water ami even less adequate to 
take on the consequences of 
having to warn off and, if nec- 
essary, arrest members of tbe 
Soviet and Bulgarian fishing 
fleets. There is likely to be a 
serious choice between humili- 
ation or reinforcement, the fetter 
at an expense and risk absurdly 
disproportionate to the im- 
portance of the issue at stake. 

The second, and more serious, 
objection, however, is that the 
gesture will set back foe slow 
process by which Argentine public 
opinion is coming to a reasonable 
view, of its relations with the 
outside world in general, and Brit- 
ain in particular. It is not easy to 
be aware of this factor at 6,000 
miles distance, but in Buenos 
Aires, where I was last week, it 
sticks out a mile. 

It is three years since I was last 
in Argentina. At that time; not 
long after foe Falkiands war, tbe 
generals were still in power. A lot 
has changed since then. The 
British visitor finds democracy, 
embodied in President Alfonsm’s 
government, very firmly and even 
sedately in controL The aimed 
forces are at a low ebb in every 
way, their leading generals in jail 
or disgraced, their defence budget 
cut, their political influence about 
to be further curtailed by statute. 
The once-mighty Peronist Party is 
split and painfully ineffective in 
opposition. Until this week, foe 
Fhlkfends issue had been wdl. 
below foe political horizon for a 

This outward tranquility is a 
relief after the miserable turmoil 
of foe feiriy recent past, but it is 
probably deceptive. Argentina is 
still an uneasy country, fearful of 
hs history, anxious about its 
future. The economy, especially, 
remains a pretty awful mess after, 
its roller-coaster experiences 
under Alfonsin. Inflation, which 
soared up. to an annnual rate of 
1 ,800 percent at foe end ofhis first 
year, had been brought down to a 
modest 36 per cent by this 
summer as a result of a savage 
stabilization programme imposed 
by the IMF, but it is now creeping 
up again towards 60 or 70 per cent. 

The reasons are basically that 
the unions are still too powerful to 
be made to submit to serious 
incomes restraint for mere than a 
very short time, and thata bloated 

and hopelessly inefficient public 
sector is fed by the most powerful 
vested interests of society. To be 
Wfoese problems are direct 
lecactes from Feron. but because 
AiftSfo has not felt aWeto do 
more than tinker with them yet, 
they continue to undermine all 
efforts to solve the overseas debt 
crisis in the short term or modern- 
ize the economy in the tong. 

The nervous nationalism that 
spreads from this obvious feet * 
pervasive. It raises, for example, 
the question ofbow disgruntled an 
army starved of proper funds may 
become, and how quickly it might 
return to power if hyper-inflation 
taVre hold again. It raises the 
question of whether Argentina can 
ever catch up with its old rival, 
Brazil Above all it raises foe 
problem of relations with foe 
United States. Reality proclaims 
that Argentina is desperately 
dependent on tbe US for its 
economic future, but national 
pride ordains that this can never 

This is a potentially explosive 
brew which Alfonsin is handling 
with considerable skill. In particu- 
lar, he is combining a realistic 
move towards fjiu |np * fl l orthodoxy - 
for the reassurance of foe Ameri- 
can ba nks with well publicized 
of political non-align- 
ment— a visit to Moscow, a trip to 
Havana — for the reassurance of 
his nationalists. He is obviously 
trying to cool things down and is 
playing for time in which to set his 
economic house in order. 

The Falkiands question is not 
only made more difficult by this 
perspective; it is itseff a dangerous 
complication on Alfonsin’s ho- 
rizon it raises the emotional 
temperature whenever it appears. 
So fer as settling the issue is 
concerned, Alfonsin has obviously 
decided that there will be no A ' 
serious negotiation — ie, dis- 
cussion of foe ul tima te fete of foe 
island* — while Mrs Thatcher is in 
Downing Street. Until she departs, 
therefore; there is no point in 
giving away anything that will 
draw attention to the issue and 
increase foe general mischief 
potential of nationalists of right 
and left 

This calculation explains the 
apparently idiotic Argentine re- 
fusal ta end foe war formally or, 
for that matter, to enter multi- 
lateral negotiations on fisheries. In 
the longer term Alfonsin evidently 
hopes that a calm atmosphere will 
help settle the Falkiands issue, and 
a Falkiands settlement will re- 
inforce the calm necessary for 
economic progress. . 

Mrs Thatcher might, of course, .. 
argue that foe sovereignty of the* 
Falkiands ought to be forever non- 
negotiable and there is no reason 
why she should assist Alfonsin to 
solve any of his problems, long- 
term or short. But for anyone who 
believes that some eventual com- 
promise is both desirable and 
possible, Alfonsin’s problems 
merit consideration; foe feet that 
the latest twist in foe fisheries 
dispute will make them worse 
deserves more attention than h 
has had. 

moreover ...... Miles Kington 

Ringing in 
the old 

It was a historic moment tins week 
as Mrs Thatcher finally declared 
foe M25 open with these ringing 
words: “I finally declare 1 the M25 
open, and lam pleased to say that 
we shall waste no tune in selling it 
off to the public as soon as we Can 
get the shares printed.” To 
commemorate this great engineer- 
ing feat. Moreover 1 Publications 
are proud to announce foe appear- 
ance this week of a new book. The 
Impossible Road. 

The tide reflects not only the 
views of those who thought foe 
M25 would never be built, but also 
the experience of those who have 
to drive along iL Whatever our 
feelings, tbe M25 has already 
entered English folklore and be- 
come part of the nation’s heritage, 
and foe time is now ripe for a big 
picture book full of fascinating 
details, costing a mere £15. 

The opening of this magnificent 
volume takes us bade into the 
depths of history, when London 
was just a small Saxon village. But 
even Saxon villages got crowded 
sometimes, with cattle, cans and 
runaway chickens, and archae- 
ologists now believe they have 
found an ancient path which, was 
the first bypass round London. 
They estimate that in those days ft 
took nearly three and a half 
minutes to walk around the 
capital, which certainly ptus our 
modern engineers to shame. 

The Romans seem to have 
made no attempt to put a ring road 
round London, almost certainly 
because they were only capable of 
building straight roads and thus 
could not even conceive of a ring ' 
road. Their solution was to put 
London’s bypass right through the 
middle of the city.-and to init to 
death anyone parking .on it for 
more than 10 minutes. But the 
idea of a road round London was 
revived by William foe Con- 
queror, who saw it as a natural link 
for foe many thousands up north 
who wanted quick, access to the . 
seaside resorts-of Normandy, and 

day they are no refreshment stops 
anywhere on the M25. 

Milton was a great advocate of 
building a ring road round 
•London, mostly based on his 
detestation of foe capital. One of 
his eariy pamphlets was entitled 
Upon The Advantages Of Building 
A Swift And Easy Highway From 
Essex To Leatherhead, While 
Avoiding The Great Smoke. This 
was c hal le n ged by an anonymous 
«say entitled What Manner Qf 
Fool Would Wish To Travel To 
Leatherhead, Mr Milton? To 
which tbe famous writer made 
answer with the celebrated pam- 
phlet Anyone Living In Essex, Of 
Gw™, You Blockhead, which 
effectively silenced ht» adversary 
but brought foe building of the 
road no nearer. 

Some of the most interesting 
illustrations are hitherto unknown 
stetcfaes by Capability Brown, 
who was commissioned by the 
government to design a carriage- 
way around London. It would 
have been an elegant affeir, stud- 
fosd with Greek temples and 
woman refreshment areas, but 
Brown, who was used to the quiet 
®osteaoe of private parks, es- 
timated foe maximum traffic- at 
five carnages and 10 coaches a 
day, and therefore made no pro- 
vision for overtaking. The link 
down foe central reservation bt£ 
^ carriageways, how- 


offoe M25 itself which, being a 

of JwSfcT U 

earth-moving, we have dealt with 


nng road round the tosTpKSfn! 

2“? fesdnating section dSk 
with iHnesses which are famS 
(mly on foe M25 and no^heSSS 

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Mr Norman Tebbit has done that the coverage of the Libyan tiny, the BBCs main 

^,«n, J S. Mr Norman Tebbit has done 
‘ • ■- .,'^c M with bludgeoning the British 
C . . ' sflr -n I.J'V Broadcasting Corporation. He 

:,V .A Broadcasting Coiporatioh. He 

l® 8 ^en out his stiletto 
~ a. change of weapon 
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i;: -‘r-i.'n ,urku3 S in every studio corner. 

;/ r ' * " l- ih rr !' t. . I n his letter to th e 
\ •» l!p ** sih ,,’fe Corporation’s acting chairman 
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•V , ' : :.,: l .. v ^ ,| on i ^ Chairman gives a damning 

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:h 3 ; ,°UI . Ten m its reporting of the US 
T: .7 '.y^’di-cd air strike against Libya. He 
•"■■« ^icniiai, renains, however, from di- 

u •' • .*::v i : . 'dfonsijj ■ f . rectly accusing BBC jouraal- 
‘ ists of bias. He is happy to 
■ accept that “the mixture of 

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' i:: - propaganda” may have 

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.• . ; . •'lorj/ mere |y an example of Mr 

- . ' ', 4rJ% *JdMk* Teb bit’s skill in rhetorical 

v . • combat It goes to the heart of 

- ‘ ’’ the debate about the manage- 

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ment of change in the British 
broadcasting system and the 
way in which over the turbu- 
lent years ahead the best of the 
BBC can be saved from 
destruction by the worst ' 
Few - even in the BBC TV 
newsroom itself — would say 

that the coverage of the Libyan 
raid showed the BBC at its 
best The events were, indeed, 
as Mr Tebbit’s report aigues, 
open to two opposite inter- 
pretations, either as an illegal 
attack by a militaristic super- 
power or as a legitimate action 
against a terrorist dictator. The 
judgement of the British peo- 
ple swung between these two 
extremes. Zt was an important 
time for the BBC to stick 
tightly to its constitutional 
requirement to “treat 
controversial subjects with 
due impartiality”. It is dear 
that it did not do so. 

It should give no journalist 
pleasure to describe political 
pressure (applied with the 
benefit of leisure and hind- 
sight) upon the work of fellow 
journalists (carried out, 
particularly in this case, with 
difficulty and haste). The BBC 
wQl doubtless argue in reply 
that the Tories are unjustified 
in examining only two news 
bulletins, that impartiality has 
to be measured over the full 
duration of an incident. It may 
also argue that if the con- 
sequences of the raid had been 
different, if Libyan reprisals 
had been more intense, if the 
Arab world had rallied behind 
Libya, then their journalists 
would not now be in the dock.' 

But the feet remains that on 
those crucial nights, when the 
standing of the Atlantic alli- 
ance in the eyes of the British 
people was under intense scru- 


. . . Miles Kinqton 

....... j. ..... 

ringing in 
the old 


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The fell of Sheikh Yamani, for 
24 years Saudi oil minister and 
for half that time the embodi- 
ment of the power of the Opec 
cartel, is a symbol of how 
times — and the world oil 
market — have changed. 
Sheikh Yamani had progres- 
sively fallen from grace be- 
cause he could not satisfy the 
Kingdom’s Bickering factions. 
And that was because Opec’s 
abuse of its own power re- 
sulted in that power bemg lost 

Sheikh Yamani has long- 
appeared as the acceptable face 
of Opea He was a leader in the 
Opec coup to quadruple oil 
prices in 1973-74. But since 
then, he has argued, often 
vainly, for stability — the 
leitmotiv of most Saudi policy. 
Unlike many who saw oil as a 
political weapon, he under- 
stood the interdependence of 
oil producers and their indus- 
trial customers. . . 

Saudi leadership has come 
unstuck, however, because of 
its attempts to keep up sagging 
oil prices after the price rises of 
1979 sent the world economy 
reeling and drove the West to 
economise on energy. The- 
■biggest exporter acted as the 
swing producer, absorbing cuts 
in production. Most other 
Opec members cheated on 
their agreed quotas and, with 
Britain’s North Sea fields to 
the fore, non-Opec producers 
pumped ever more, leaving 
Opec with less than half free 
world output and exposed to 
financial markets in oil. 

The Kingdom reached the 
end of its tether when its 

output had slipped to 2 million 
barrels a day, putting severe 
pressure on the its apparently 
jimitlessly rich economy. 
Sheikh Yamani was charged 
with the impossible task of 
increasing the country’s out- 
put with stable prices. ' 

Other Opec members were 
not prepared to make room for 
the Saudis to increase produc- 
tion. And when the Saudis, 

. their bluff having been called, ■ 
turned up the taps to allow 
world prices to fell and teach 
both their fellow Opec mem- 
bers and Britain a lesson, they 
completely miscalculated. 

The world economy needed 
lower oil prices and Britain, in 
particular, was not prepared to 
try to shore up the cartel that 
had wreaked such economic 
havoc whatever the narrow 
short-term interest The finan- 
cial market for oil, as so often 
happens, exaggerated the ef- 
fects of the new oil surplus, 
cutting prices by two thirds in 
six months, leaving even Saudi 
finances fer worse off. The 
consequent pressure on Opec’s 
wild men has resulted in new 
output restrictions and quotas 
being patched up. 

But the Gulf states will not 
easily forgive Saudi Arabia.In 
the tangled world of Gulf 
politics, the Saudis have 
stretched their relations with 
aggressive revolutionary Iran 
to breaking point Partly in 
consequence, they have upset 
vulnerable Kuwait — 
des-perate to avoid flak from 
the Iran-Iraq war — and the 
hard-pressed emirates. 

Even the United States now 

seems in two minds about oil 
prices, wanting low energy 
prices but fearful of the effects 
of a sharp fell on the banking 
system and the stability of 
friendly producers such as 
Mexico. Such arguments are 
magnified inside Saudi Arabia. 
Its oil policy never rested on 
one man, as has been maria 
increasingly plain at recent 
Opec meetings. But it appears 
that discounted oil deals de- 
signed to increase Saudi sales 
above its current 4.35 barrels 
per day quota triggered the fell 
.of the Kingdom’s leading com- 
moner as a scapegoat 

His acting successor Mr 
Hisham Nazer, or whoever 
ends up as Saudi oil minister, 
will face the same circle that 
cannot be squared. Under the 
leadership of Kuwait; Opec 
will try to move in December 
to a new system of permanent 
quotas based on complex for- 
mulae that give something to 
all and enshrine higher shares 
for Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. 

If the new system is agreed, 
by no means a forgone conclu- 
sion, it will face the same 
pressures as before. Opec 
wants both to increase total 
output slightly and to move 
the oil price up to $18 per 
barrel. If the acceleration of 
free world economic growth 
allows that to happen, it wifi be 
largely accidental Opec still 
has considerable force in the 
oQ market. But it is today as 
much a price taker as a price 
maker. Fortunately, Mr Nazer 
will never take the role on 
world stage that Sheikh Ya- 
mani once so elegantly held. 



tiny, the BBCs main news 
programme made mistakes of 
feet and interpretation, leaning 
dearly towards the view that 
the Americans were wrong to 
attack Libya and that Mis 
Thatcher was wrong to allow 
bases in Britain to be used for 
that attack. Were the bulletins 

the result of Sloppy thinking, 

wishful thinking, subversive 
thinking, or simple absence of 
thinkiiig? It is to be hoped that 
the BBC editors know some of 
the answers already through 
the normal process of editorial 
inquests. If they do not, then 
standards at the BBC have 
indeed fallen, perhaps beyond 

The BBC has to come up i 
with convincing explanations I 
— and decisive action — fast. 1 
According to the Corporation I 
spokesman, the response is 
being prepared not by the 
Director General but by the 
editor of television news who 
is thus both investigator and 
accused in this case. That is a 
mistake. The BBC news sys- 
tem is not overall as black as 
Mr Tebbit paints it But, just 
as those two bulletins in April 
coloured the minds of millions 
of voters about the Libyan 
raid, so will Mr Tebbifs 
strictures colour the minds of 
millions of voters concerning 
the BBC 

The Corporation is fighting 
for its life. It still shows no sign 
of appreciating that feet. 


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The need to deter over-fishing 
in the - waters around the 
Falkland Islands has annually 
become more pressing. While 
. 250 boats trawled there in 
1 984, the total had risen to 450 
in 1985 and to 600 so fer this 

Falklanders have long ar- 
gued the case for a fisheries 
exclusion zone, . controlled 
from Port Stanley by a licens- 
- ing arrangement. They would 
thus earn a living from their 
surrounding waters without 
the inconvenience of having to 
put to sea themselves. Until 
now this has been opposed by 
the British government on the 
grounds .that it would be 
difficult and-expensive to pol- 
ice and would thus impose an 
unpopular burden on the Brit- 
ish taxpayer. 

Its preferred option has been 
a multilateral, arrangement 
under the auspices of the Food 
and Agriculture Organization 
(FAO). Signatories would have 
a vested interest in policing the 
zone themselves and ensuring 
that catch quotas were ob- 
served. The FAO has been 
compiling a report with this 
■end in view, and even Argen- 
tina seemed at one time to be 
in favour. 

But the task has taken much 
longer than expected and the 
FAO study has repeatedly 
missed its deadlines. While 
concern has grown over the 
fish stocks, everyone has 
blamed everyone -else - the 
Argentines complaining that 

the continuing British 150-mite 
protection zone around the 
islands has prevented their 
own gunboats from policing 
the waters themselves. 

This might be just as weQ 
because one of their gunboats 
actually sank a Taiwanese 
trawler in Argentine waters 
last summer. The Buenos 
Aires government has, more- 
over, taken , matters into its 
own hands by signing bilateral 
fishing treaties with the Soviet 
Union and Bulgaria which 
have impinged on the terri- 
torial waters round the Falk- 
lands. With no multilateral 
treaty in sight and the Ar- 
gentines doing their own thing; 
British policy has changed and 

a fisheries exclusion zone has 
been declared. 

It is less than ideal because, 
for one thing, it helps to 
perpetuate the ill-feeling be- 
tween Britain and Argentina. 
In that sense ix might be hoped 

that the new regime, which 
coroes into force next Feb- 
ruary l r w£Q be an interim 
arrangement until the FAO 
has had been able to work out 
an agreed long-term solution. 

This depends, however, 
upon how sucessfolly the 
islanders can run things. The 
difference between this 
arrangement and previous 
proposals is that the zone will 
be administered and patrolled 
by the Falklands government 
itself, which will pay for 
chartering two patrol vessels 
and a surveillance aircraft out 

of the revenue from licences. 
The job should be less onerous 
than was at first thought 
because studies have shown 
that the fish concentrate in 
certain areas — obviating toe 
need for gunboats to sail 
endlessly round the entire 
zone. The existing Royal Navy 
and RAF presence also means 
that the civil patrol craft would 
not be entirely unsupported. 

Falklanders hope that the 
revenue from licences will 
more than meet the costs. Not 
only that, but a properly 
administered system of con- 
trols should guarantee the 
future of the local fishing 
industry, thereby encouraging 
the growth of profitable on- 
shore services to maintain and 
supply visiting boats. If in six 
months’ time the system is 
working well, the Falklanders 
themselves would be reluctant 
to surrender control to some 
international body. 

Such considerations lie 
ahead, however. For the time 
being, it looks as if the 
Government has acted cor- 
rectly in acting unilaterally. It 
should prevent the further 
erosion of fish stocks and if the 
islands* economy can be made 
to prosper, it will be a consul- 
erable bonus. The dis- 
advantage lies in- the further- 
damage it does to Anglo- 
Argentine relations. But at 
least to some extent, the 
Argentines have only them- 
selves to Name. 

s Stock Exchange 
answers back 

Front the Chairman of the Stock 
!■ Exchange 

* Sir. On October 27 the Stock 
Exchange transformed the opera- 
tion of its markets from single to 
' dual-capacity and introduced 
negotiated commissions. Through 
technological innovation it has 
bees possible for practitioners 
within its markets to conduct the 
major- part of their businesses, and 
their clients’ businesses, from 
their own premises rather than a 
central trading floor. 

For the list four days the 
information systems have earned 
the necessary information to these 
premises for better than 97 per 
cent of scheduled service time. On 
each of these days better than £2 
billion of the public’s business has 
been safely executed (a normal 
amount, I should add), in sizes 
and at prices that match any major 
market in the world. 

For four days now your col- 
umns have carried lurid and 
emotive words Eke “fiasco” “ut- ■ 
ter confusion”, “sham Wes” and 
“collapse” — and run a single word 
about the huge improvements in 
the operation of the market. 

Whilst we are aware of our 
outstanding problems, and are 
walking hard to solve them, I 
think you should be aware. Sir, 
that your coverage has been garish 
and your contents deficient 
Yours etc, 

Chairm an, « 

The Stock Exchange, EC2. 

October 30. 

White poppies 

From Mr Christopher Crabbie 
Sir, My family recently visited 
Passchendaele on the anniversary 
of the ill-feted offensive. We spent 
a while in one of the well-tended 
cemeteries scattered across the 
battlefield. My young sons were 
not I think, moved by the glory of 
war but by the bravery and pity 
expressed in those rows of simple 

I imagine others will share 
similar thoughts as we approach 
Remembrance Sunday. So I was 
saddened at the eampni g w to 
replace the day’s important sym- 
bol with a nonsensical while 
poppy (report, October 29). 

t-for one, find it hard to accept 
this noisy, political intrusion into 
an occasion for quiet reflection 
and gratitude for the sacrifice of 
others. After all. the hedgerows of 
that sad Flanders landscape were 
studded the other day with red 
poppies. We saw no white ones. 

I remain. Sir, your most obedient 


Bridge House, 


Charibury, Oxfordshire. 

October 29. 

From the Chairman of The “Not 
Forgotten’ 1 Association 
Sir, This organisation exists to 
provide extra comforts for war- 
disabled ex-Service men and 
women, who number 7,867 from 
the First War and 212,389 from 
later campaigns. 

To ihe Armed Forces of the 
Grown white denotes surrender. 

In our opinion there is no “space 
for red and white (poppies) to 
bloom side by side”, as the Bishop 
of Salisbury suggests (report 
October 29). 

It is difficult to imagine a greater 
insult to that gallant band who 
suffer today and every day of their 
lives as a result of their sacrifice to 
preserve the peace. 

Youzs faithfully, 


The “Not Forgotten” Association, 

6 Grosvenw Crescent SW1. 

A barred game 

From Mr Victor Hext 
Sir, Recently visiting the saloon 
bar of a country public house, my 
son and L having a pack of cards 
with us, thought we might the 
more pleasantly pass the time in a 
friendly partie of piquet. 

Imagine our surprise and cha- 
grin, followed by resentment, 
when we were requested either to 
discontinue our activities or to 
repair to the public tar. 

Can your readers reveal any 
other examples of inverted social 
discrimination in sport? 

Yours faithfully, 


40 River head, 

Sprotborough Village, 

Doncaster, South Yorkshire. 

October 28. 

Anglo-Irish pact 

From Mr William McDowell 
Sir, The implications of 
Thursday's question-time ex- 
changes (Parliamentary report, 
October 24) are quite alarming. 
The Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland said that there can be 
no “overnight or instant' 
improvement” in the- security 

On September 20 Mr King said 
he was impatient to see fester , 
progress on border security. All 
right-thinking people share his 
concern to see improvement on 
frontier security and all intelligent 
people recognize that there are no 
overnight solutions. However, it is 
now nearly a year since the signing 
of the Anglo-Irish Agreement and 
there is no evidence whatsoever 
that the frontier is playing a 
diminishing role in republican 
terrorist activity. Indeed, if there 
is a discernible trend it is that the 
IRA is exploiting the border rather 
more frequently in its operations 
than previously. . 

Mr King - also said during 
Thursday's question.time that he . 
recognized that there was not 

Tasks to challenge scientists 

From Mr Andrew Ross 
Sir, In saying in your leader 
(October 24) that this Govern- 
ment has no clear set of scientific 
themes to attract the attention of 
the electorate and the support of 
the taxpayer you may be dis- 
regarding the scientific and 
commercial prizes offered by the 
espousal of conservation politics 
and ihe green vote: 

Conservation might conve- 
niently be regarded as a new 
technology-bawd industry — and 
one m which the UK excels. Seen 
in this light. much«more financial 
support for scientific programmes 
could be available if the scientific 
community explained the eco- 
nomic arguments for conservation 
rather better. 

The challenges range from land 
use in agriculture and forestry 
worldwide to new crop develop- 
ment using genetic manipulation 
and research into acid rain and 
energy economics, to nam e but a 
few. Ln basic botany, one of the - 
most neglected areas of science. 

- the scientific problems in describ- 
ing the nature of the world's plant] 
genetic resources have a huge 
practical and economic signifi- 
cance — even as the very habitats 
in which botanists work are being 

These great social and scientific 
problems require political and 
technical skills that society ap- 
pears willing to pay for. The 
politicians themselves are 
cultivating that son of voter and 
taxpayer. So why doesn't the 
scientific community respond? 

The economic benefit to the UK 
in thinking of conservation as a 
new industry may lie both in 
Nobel prizes and in real export 
earnings from a world needing the 
right answers to environmental 

Yours faithfully, 


86 Thames Road, W4. 

October 26. 

From Sir Alec Merrison, FRS 
Sir, The issues addressed by your 
leader, “Science and society” 
(October 24), are those which have 
been exercising the minds of 
scientific administrators — and I 
was. at one time, one of their 
number - during the whole of my 
professional career. 

1 have not yet read the report by 
the Advisory Board for the Re- 
search Councils to which you refer 
but, knowing the people who will 
have been responsible for it, I 
know that it win be an honest and 
dear, and depressing account of a 
situation which gets steadily worse 
and which will, in the end, cripple 
us as a nation. And, I suspect like 
the present chairman of the 
ABRC, I simply do not know how 
one is to convince our political 
masters of the blindingly obvious. 
You write too. Sir, of the 

Grand Prix failings 

From Lord Killeam 
Sir, The dramatic Mure of two 
leading cars in the last few laps of 
the Grand Prix race m Adelaide 
(report, October 27) prompts me 
to ask why such races cannot be 
organized in a way that allows a 
driver (and his team) to prepare 
and present his car for optimum 
performance (Le^ driven at maxi- 
mum safe speed) on the day, with 
no need for a pit stop? 

One is led to believe that many 
such Grand Prix races are set over 
a course which cannot possibly be 
completed at racing speed on one 
tankful of petrol; and evidently, at 
Adelaide, all those who finished 
the course in leading positions had 
found it necessary to change tyres 
en route. 

Interesting though it may be to 
see a pit crew cany out a change of 
tyres and/or complete a refuel in 
under eight seconds, this particu- 
lar ability is no part of the test of 
the car and its equipment which is 
the object of all motor racing. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

Hospital watchdogs 

From Mr L. V. Wood 
Sir. In the past 12 months the 
North Wales Hospital has been 
visited by the Health Advisory 
Service (twice), the Mental Health 
Act Commission (three times) and 
the Community Health Council 
(five times). In addition, our panel 
of health authority members is 
here, on average, three times a 

We have also been looked at by 
environmental health officers 
from the local authority and the 
fire officer and are about to be 
inspected by a professional 

acceptance and enthusiasm 
among the majority community 
for the Agreement Doubtless the 
IRA’s continued use of the fron- 
tier to maim, kin and destroy is 
one reason for the Loyalist 
comm unity being so unenthusias- 
tic. Another is the failure of . the 
republic to ratify the European 
Convention on the Suppression of 

The feet that articles 2 and 3 of 
the republic's Constitution do not 
.even seem to figure on the agenda 
of possible reforms/benefits from 
the Agreement leads me to con- 
clude that the Agreement will 
never prove acceptable to major- 
ity feeling- in the province. Is 1 the 
Government . therefore deter- 
mined to rule Northern Ireland 
indefinitely by the democratically- 
rejected method of the Inter- 
governmental Conference? 
Certainly the. people of the prov- 
ince will not accept government in 
ihe absence of consent indefi- 

I remaip. Sir,, your obedient 

william McDowell. 

Blooipfield, Belfest 
October 24. 

insufficient efforts which sci- 
entists themselves have made to 
pull down the great wall of 
incomprehension which separates 
them from the public - mea culpa, 
mea culpa. 

The task of the scientist in this 
respect is made easier if the 
audience he addresses has some 
general background knowledge of 
science and some basic in 
mathematics. And in this, because 
of the insouciant attitude of 
successive governments to the 
problem of getting science teach- 
ers into schools, we shall, before 
very long, have reduced such an 
educated audience to negligible 

Can nothing be done? Of course 
it can - it simply requires the will 
and the money. 

Yours sincerely. 


The Manor, 

Hinton Blewetr 
Bristol. Avon. 

' October 24. 

Lure of Einstein 

From Dr M.P. Melrose 
Sir. In the correspondence follow- 
ing the recent article about Ein- 
stein (October IS), two of your 
correspondents have referred to 
Heisenberg’s principle of in- 
determinacy in ways which 
perpetuate a popular misconcep- 
tion. First, Dr Wilski (October 20) 
praises the principle for enforcing 
some humility on theoretical 
physics; and then David Brain 
(October 24) quoted Bronowski, 
who called indeterminism “the 
principle of toleration”. 

Properly understood, 
Heisenberg’s principle is neither a 
humble nor tolerant statement. 
For it says not only that position 
and the momentum of a particle 
cannot be measured simulta- 
neously with perfect precision, but 
also that these imprecisions in 
momentum and position exist 
even in a complete description of 
the particle, prior to measure- 

Thus the principle does not just 
say what cannot be measured: it 
also pronounces on what there is 
to measure. 1 should have thought 
that the claim to completeness 
would place the Heisenberg prin- 
ciple firmly in the spmt of 
theoretical physics of which Dr 
Wilski disapproves. 

Completeness is an arrogant 
claim, but a very fertile propo- 
sition. By not hedging its bets 
about the nature of the world, 
science provides us with clear 
ideas to criticise, and perhaps to 


King’s College London, 
Department of Chemistry, 

Strand. WC2. 

October 24. 

accreditation team from the Royal 
College of Psychiatrists. The 
nurses' professional body, the 
United Kingdom Central Council 
for Nursing, Midwifery and 
Health Visiting, also visits regu- 

Whilst I would join in the 
welcome by the Director of the 
Association of Independent Hos- 
pitals (October 24) for the Lords’ 
vote to remove Crown immunity, 
it would surely be better to 
concentrate on making sense of 
the present inspection arrange- 
ments rather than to add yet 
another watchdog body to this 
formidable list. 

Incidentally, in practice there is 
already little option but to comply 
with many of the recommenda- 
tions made at present, regardless 
of the legal position. 

Yours faithfully, 

L v. WOOD, General Manager. 
Mental Health Unit, 

North Wales Hospital, 

Denbigh. OwycL 

Molotov cocktail 

From Mr M. F. Cullis 
Sir, In his sympathetic notice 
(October 23) of the BBC 1 film 
about the Hungarian revolt of 30 
years ago, Martin Cropper speaks 
of the use by students and workers 
of Budapest of petrol bombs 
"known as Molotov cocktails — 
against its inventors” - meaning, 
evidently,' the Russians. 

The Molotov cocktail was in 
feet so named, and first used, by 
the Finns against the Soviet 
invaders in the winter war of 

Yours etc. 


County End, 

Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire. 

Free, but chained 

From Dr Christopher Clapham 
Sir, A propos of Professor 
Minogue's discussion of Marxism 
and academic freedom in The 
Times today (October 24) you 
may be interested in the solution 
to the problem embodied in article 
3 (“Academic Freedom”) of the 
Duties. Code of Conduct and 
Disciplinary Regulations of Aca- 
demic Staff at Addis Ababa 
Univetsity-'(May, 1985): 

L Any Academic StaffMember shall ‘ 
have the freedom and duty to 
discharge bis or her teaching or 
research activities so that ' 

(a) his/her contacts with students for 
teaching purposes may always pro- 
mote and permit an atmosphere of 
free, rational and dispassionate in- 
quiry with respect to issues relevant 
to the subject matter of the course, 
by including, where he/she deems it 
necessary, a discussion of controver- 
sial issues and the presentation of- 
particular views thereon, without, 
however, forcing the assumption 
that these issues are settled in 

(b) his/her research methodology 
and findings always promote and 
permit an atmosphere of free, ratio- 
nal and dispassionate inquiry and 
findings with respect to issues 
relevant to the subject matter of the 


OCTOBER 31 1974 

This victory in Zaire, formerly' the 
Congo, re-established Muhammad 
Ah as u orld champion after his 
defeat by Joe Frasier. He lost the 
title in 1978 briefly to Leon 
Spinks, but regained it the same 
year. In 1990. he tost badly to 

Larry Holmes, and has not 
challenged since 

Double your 
money or I 
quit, Ali tells 

Prom Neil Allen 
Boxing Correspondent 
Kinshasa. Oct 30 
O, we of little faith who ignored 
the strength of Allah. Even Mn 
Belinda Muhammad All, a devout 
Black Muslim, admitted to me that 
she never thought her husband 
would win back the world heavy- 
weight title in the way be did — by 
a clean knock-out of George Fore- 
man in the eighth roviwi- 

Standing cool and tall in her long 
white gown in the midst of Alfa 
besieged dressing-room, aha said: 
“I thought a decision on points was 
possible for him but not a knock- 
out. The way he finished with that 
right hand reminds many people of 
his first knock-out of Liston so 
long ago. We are aQ children of 
Allah and he sent his strength to 
my husband once again.” 

Of course she would tike the 32- 
year-old champion to retire, but 
she smiled a little wearily at the 
realization that her decision would 
never be the vital one. Ten minutes 
later, enthroned in a chair placed 
on a massage table, Ali told us: “I 
want to haunt the boxing world for 
probably another six months and 
have my name as champion in the 
Ring magazine and let all the 
boxers, scholars and critics look at 
it. If Elijah Muhanunad permits 
me, I want to go right into the 
Muslim ministry and teach and 

“Joe Frazier would have given 
me a harder fight than George 
Foreman. Frazier is harder to hit, 
more relentless, more dangerous in 
dose. They got to get me in dose. 
They got to get me $10 milhoo 
before I’D even think about fighting 
Frazier. If not HI take my belt back 
to my four children and my religion 
awl enjoy all my glory find feme.” 
Ali and Foreman each received $5 
million (£2,175,000) this morning. 

So the good news for boxing is 
that the once and future king win 
be with us for a while as all the 
world marvels at his resilience and 
courage- As dawn came up over the 
stadium today, we knew that if we 
had notseen a great match— it was 
really too one-sided for that — we 
had witnessed a classic MU which 
even the lions 14 ) country might 
envy. The final left and right 
punches, as Ali came springing out 
of a comer, sent Foreman spinning 
round and down, flat on his back, 
where he lay, head jerking up like a 
dying animal, and then sprawling 
on to handand knees as the referee, 
Zack Clayton, spread his arms 

Ali leaped in triumph and then 
fell, pushed by a mob invading the 
ring before he sat on his haunches 
while pandemonium raged above 
him. H e hnat e d troops beat back 
the crowd with their batons and 
finally Ali was able to raise his 
hands to the night sky and urge 
60,000 onlookers to cry “Ali, boom 
a yea” . . . literally “AH, Mil him”. 
Foreman, his right eye swollen and 
blood trickling from bis nose and 
mouth, sat hunc h ed in his corner, a 
bemused and broken man. 

Afterwards Foreman was asked 
why his hands had dropped after 
the tingling first round in which he 
had three times been caught by 
right hands to the jaw from Ali. 
Trying, unconvincingly, to say that 

he had “controlled” the bout from 
the start, Foreman stumbled and 
stopped. “Please just ask the 
standard questions,” he pleaded. 
'Til tell you all about it when I get 

Angelo Dundee, Ali’s chief train- 
er, reminded mg “I said my man 
would stop him between rounds 
nine and 11, bo it came a little 
early. We knew we had to get inside 
those big swings of Foreman’s. If 
you stay outside you're doomed. 
But my man was fester, he looked 
taller, and you know, he actually 
looked younger. He was stronger, 
he was fester on the ropes, and he 
didn't need to tun or dance.” 

There was in feet little dancing 
by Ali because he learned in that 
opening round, that he could beat 
the lethargic Foreman to the 
punch, and. apart from a worrying 
passage in the fifth, the only round 
I thought Ali lost, he was never 
really hurt by his opponent's 
cumbersome blows . ■ ■ 

2. The foregoing freedom and duty 
may not. however, be exercised to 
the detriment of the propagation of 
scientific truths, findings and meth- 
odologies of research already accu- 
mulated in accordance with 


Yours faithfully, 

University of Lancaster. 
Department of Politics, 

University House. 


Merrily on high 

from his Hon Judge McCreery.QC 
Sir, The clock tower bn 
Southampton Civic Centre stands 
above the court in which, in 
former days, the recorder sat. On 
at least one occasion when I was at 
the Bar I was obliged, when about 
to make a plea in mitigation, to 
stand silent until the last notes of 
”0 God our help in ages past” had 
died away. 

I regret to say that I did not 
regard that moment as one inspir- 
ing me wjth hope and optimism 
(letter. October 29). 

Yours faithfully. 


Drum beg. 


Basingstoke. Hampshire. 




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S2S E 83 4 speed Awo. Alloy*. 
Elec windows & S/B. Alai III 
Loe- inis 1 owner FuU BMW 
service hisl C7.0CO OJ <-ffl 
1118 Hm. 01 382 1875 Off. 
KM 1984 Metallic red. ABS. 
s/roof. r/MAdOws. 2 OWItiT. 
FSH. 34.000 mis. radio/slerep. 
£7 995 Trade factlllk-s. Tet 
(09901 24036 24 hours T 
5Z5E Auto Nov 64 B Rea “ Dr 
Saloon Gold, siding Roof. 
PAS. Radio saerco etc FSH 
Beautriul car E6.495 PX Con 
SHtenn Trl 03» eli 515 T 
US 4 dr- unregntered. metallic 
bew/nrairai PAM. manual 
Mxuni roof, plus C/teck D« 
mm Ontv £10.950 T« 0573 
63i 15 anytime 


IMWV inslanl valuations Na- 
tionwide Call John Davies 
now. on 1 04521 23456 



Crystal green metallic. Page pm- 
Stnpe vefour uittnor waft leaKwr 
tnm. 1 uiivatt nwnei. Fufl service 
tustoty. Tims. Becmc mndms. 
Central bcira Etectnc smtiol. 
Aida iwamg. Radio cassaffi. Fua 
covarags telephone Very attractive 
lumber plate befitbng to the cat. 

Td: 0738 35257 (Mm - ft*). 

928 SZ 1985. B red. June dehv- 
m while, all black learner im. 
6 BOO mts. unmac condition. I 
owner, sunroof, aulomauc 
transmission, burglar alarm, 
special hi-lt pack, worts rear 
axle £32.000 Tel.0laS37 
1512 iO> or 01-382 3821 iHI 

CARRERA Cahnom Soon 1986 

spec Melanie silver . black 
tealher Inlrctor Oecirte seals, 
window-.. Cruse control Im 
maculate romblion 3.600 mis. 
£28X«0. no idler.. Tot 0282 
55T2o / 59778. 

944 LUX 8 rea While 30.M0 
mites FSH immaculate 4 now 
21560 lyres. Snorts alloys. 
Rear valance Electric 
windows/ sunroof Tel. opt 
Only £13.995. Tel. 06286 
5830 n-vei or 0628 29798 lOI 

944 Lux. 16 months Old. 1200 
mites, beige- wilh brown interi- 
or. air conditioning, sunroof 
radio/ ctectelle. 6P6 lyres, fog 
lights and nuiucl bumpers. 
£16.750. Tel Woking 70058 

911 SC Taiga Sports pack 
1981. Champagne 74.000 
mites. FSH 2 owners 2 year 
Porsche warranty insurance 
Car phone, hi fi. new tyres 
£14 600 01 878 1491 

PORSCHE 928 S 1983 Automatic 
only 10.000 mites from new 
£21.950 jack Rose Ud. 
MafUtnglon. Ol 647 4473 
324 Who womd tike my immacu- 
late While 924 lor £3.9503 First 
10 see will drive it away Tel 01 
508 9152 

19S2 on SC Spun Taiga. 
54.000 m met bhie. FSH. 
£15.250 021 359 8173/8157 

5 tkm-Tgm 7EWVS A WEEK 




Tet (8232) 812327 J 


Norton Way Motors 


The most competitive price 
in the U.K. Far quotations 
and delivery details 

■OVER 21S Vd P As new In 
Opaline /grey tilir. 1986. nomi- 
nal mileage, all refincmeiis. 
Supercover. Bargain C6.B6O. 
Fandvam Common 4903 

owner. 29.000. siereo. etectrtc 
windows. £4.695 OOO. Tel: 
Leeds 0632 606698. 

MTSUM 2*0 2X Taiga A Reg. 
12.000 Miles. Immacutale. 
£6.300. Td. Ot 724 331 1 Day 
or 01 722 7207 Eves. 

URL Honda aw Agio. X reg 
1982. 23.000 mb. I owner. 
£2.260 Tel:' 0225 1 20004. 
NISSAN 300 ZX Taiga Turbo. 
1984. 14.000 miles, red. ser- 
vice hiuory, 1 owner, as new. 
£8.950. Tel 0908 583904. 
205 CTi cab Hotel Blue. D reg- 
1.400 mues. £8.600 ono Tel: 
066 2 700407. Sunday /eves. T 
MOBBT w reg. burnt orange, 
overdrive Totally rebuilt & re- 
st ored. £ 5.650. 0239 78605 T 
FCUQEOr inc 206 CTi & CTI. 
hugfi discount, choice of oohiur. 
Gall Phoemx on: 025 I % 4576. 

911 TURBO 

1966 (01. 2,000 into. 
Hack wm can can red hfl 
leather. Lamed Sftp ifcc. 1 
mmw. As new. 

TEL- 091-238-8038 
.OR (0836) 500424 



Meteor grey metalAc. 
10.000 mass. Sport seats 
Central locking POM. 
Owner's weekend car. 
As new. £26,500. 

Tel 061 941 3858 
Dl 969 9955 (W) 

911 SC TARCA Y reg. 37.000 
miles. FSH. guards red in mint 
condition, remote alarm on eg 
locking £16.500. Tel. Ol 935 
2000 home. Ol 831 0061 work 

944 AREC 1984 Red. Low note- 
age Sport seals Frool/rear 
spoilers Wide alloys. FSH. 
£13.500. Good eond. T0L-O21 

9524194 i work i 

911 CARRERA Jon 64. CUOer 
Hue. 31.000 miles, good condi- 
tion and full history. £21.950. 
Ol 92B 5781 (Ol / 0277 
840924 <H1 

944 LUX Dec 83 -A'. Guards red. 
manual. cteCTrfc S unroot. 
Olaupunyi. •'xccltenl rondillon. 
21.000 mites. £13.000. Trl: 
0302 771826 

944 MANUAL Jan 85 B White, 
black Porsche cloth PAS. lop 
tamps, wwle lyre*. PDM 1 me- 
ticulous owner 22.500 miles. 
£1 5.500 TCT 0642 317206. 

S44 TORSO March 86 10.000 
mites. Crystal wiin mulberry In- 
terior Sports wheels. Stereo 
LSD. £27.495 Tel 04747 
3355 iHI or 0089 716AI 'O' 

924 ■ w D 1 9S5. Metallic gold, 
dec POM 4 extra's Average- 
mileage £11. 1 SO ono. 06643 
2693 h 021 -705 2256 w 

944 Manual. 86 Red 3500 
miles, as new Many cdfii 
£19.950 dim Tel 0730 07235 

934 LUX. Aug 85. Black. ESR. 
FSH ynreo elec mirrors 

17.500 mh- 1 owner Excellent 
condition CIO OOO OMO Tet 
Hemel i0«42i 49194 iHomrior 
Watford <09231 33030 'Office I. 
Porafc* #24 Lux A Reg 0a. 
Mack. dec 

» Indo wx/roof /mirron/biiol. 
RiauBunsi Monmcu. 16.000 
miles, immaculate, £10 3 75 
0744 « 17870 

B & H Motors 


T'JFSO -V.A'mv AGE?4T 
. M60 HiGH 


Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Ford to update Granada engines 

Conjecture about the introduction of 
a much-needed new engine for Ford's 
Granada range has reached such 
proportions that the company this week 
' decided to put the record straight — a 
new V6 will appear “early next year". 
There will be two sizes initially, a 130 
bbp 2.4 litre and a 150 bhp 2.9, both 
with Bosch fuel injection. 

The 2.4 will go into Granada CL and 
Gfaia models while the 2.9 will be 
reserved for Granada Ghia, Scorpio and 
Scorpio Executive models in both two 
and four-wheel drive forms. Prices will 
be announced larer. 

Despite modification work carried 
out on the old 2.8 V6 for the launch of 
the new Granada range last year, it has 
looked increasingly dated. It was, in 
fed, designed over 20 years ago when 
short stroke engines giving high revs 
and top-end power were in vogue. 
Today the trend is very much towards 
fuel saving, lean burn, long stroke 
engines with plenty of bottom end 
torque and improved pulling power for 

The 2.4 fills a yawning gap in the 
range between the existing two litre, 
four cylinder, and six cylinder Z 8. Ford 
quote performance figures which sug- 
gest it could become one of the biggest 
selling middle management cars with a 
top speed of 121 mph and a 0 to 60 mph 
tune of 9.3 seconds. The comparable 

figures for the new 2.9 are 129 mph and 
8.5 seconds. 

_But much will depend on the manner 
in which they perform rather than the 
actual figures. The old engine was 
neither smooth nor quiet, u pushed 
hard, it became laboured and “thrashy”- 
Tbe target engine remains the turbine- 
like “straight six" BMW unit. There 
have been many attempts lo match its 
unique combination of power and 
smoothness but no one has yet suc- 

Ford's attempt is based on a much- 
reinforced cylinder block. It is 30 per 
cent suffer yet no heavier and has been 
developed using sophisticated vibration 
analysis techniques. 

Both versions will run on the planned 
new Euronorm 95 octane lead-free 
petrol with a minor ajustmeni to the 
ignition timing . 

Cleaner diesel 

The oil companies appear at last lo be 
getting their act together on the supply 
of diesel fuel for the car driver. 

Until recently, diesel cars were in 
such .small numbers that their custom 
was hardly worth winning- However, it 
is highly possible that the British 
motorist's resistance to diesel has much 
to do with diesel's off-hand treatment 
by forecourt personnel. 

Alt now, diesel sales are rising 

annually. Sfadl. 

claims to be setting the paw lojjoo 
diesel drivers. It has used market 
research to discover what most 
have known for years: that diesel u«ra 
feel poorly treated In comparKonj*' 1 ™ 
SolSwmeR, that diesel fi*l £ 
£5^, smelly and unless ^great 
taken to fill slowly, will "tom over-, 
soiling hands, clothes . fh _ 

Itwas this foaming problem andtbc 
feet that 95 per cent of diesds sofo w^t 
into trucks which led to d^elpmnps 
being sited in the 

sheltered canopy of the petrol forecourt 

Now they are being moved 
canopy and precautions taken to reduce 
foaming and smelly hands. An an 
foam additive has been. 
which is said to reduce filling nine by a 
quarter. At the same tune, pumfs me 
being fitted with large splash guards. 
Additional protection comes in urc 
form of ftee disposable .plastic goves 
obtained from dispensing machines 
alongside the pump. . . 

Not to be outdone. Mobil is pushmg 
the merits of its new Diesel Plus. The 
nus 9 degrees C wax crystals form, 
Uockzngmel lines and fillets. We have 
all seen the frightening fires ut by 
track drivers to free blocked 
pipes. Mobil insist that its new Diesel 
Plus will prevent waxing down to minus 
15 degrees C 

Tet (0742) 751515 




Subaru makes country 
living a little roomier 

Subaru's range of four- 
wheel drive cars has a loyal 
band of foDoweis, particularly 
among the hunting, shooting 
and fishing fraternity who 
appreciate fee advantages of a 
co mf ortable road-going saloon 
with the option of two or four- 
wheel drive at the flick of a 
sw i tch. However, until the 
arrival of the XT Turbo Coop£ 
hut year, the range lacked an 


Tet (0796) 45964 

ram Lt Escort GMa. D rag 
1986. Mur. 2 moutns old. aulo. ! 
fuuy taxed- Central locking . 
tfectrtc windows £ 7.800 ono. 
Td- B&hop's Stanford (0279j 

JEEP CJ7 Renegade B Reg iMarcti 
86 >. low mil rage (7200k 
food, power Mrcrtaq/braks. 
LHD. a» now condition. AMFM 
stereo cassete. £8250 lei 0606 
614774. Near Glasgow. 




Executives. Saloons and 
Sports, tow mAeage. dean 
cars with tetmy. Top 
prices, finance settled. 

Cad Tonics: 

021 427 3235 

LATE LOW mlteage Honcba 
wanted for ram - call uj for the 
ultimate offer Livery Pole 
Hondo. Exeter (0392) 216141. 


Porsche 928 S Series 2 
Only 4 months old- Garnet 
red cxicnor. matching 
cream leather interior. 
Vejy low. mileage. Many 
extras. Pristine condition. 
Great saving on new price. 
OnJj £36.750 
Td 061 793 9696 

Auto 83. 

Cherished Plate. Champagne 
with Berber-leather. Air con- 
ditioning. Electric tinted 
windows. Cnsse, etc. 38X00 
miles. FSH. 


0895 36539 (T) 


y&s 928 S2 1985 

baa Pro Wife OT64WR Bock ladtt 
Sou E Irene aawogl &BS brs*j* Pjnp 
fe i mw 'S.BDO mte £31 ,75ft. 



Top prices tat models. I 
Please call: 

I Clarkson Lock on 

8734 789884 fT] 


tallic Mur Magnolia kolber 
interior ItrmuciiLite car 
IhrouqtKuI. 1983 weffleaUOn. 
I £ BBS “'te-cV. «c £19.950 
Home 032183 691 . Office 0273 

MERCEDES 230 SL 1967 Man- 
ual. hardftwi lop* Ongnt 

red/ercam teal her. low mite 
■kjc. a*, item. liiroiMimiL musi 
6- ow of ll»e fln^J available. 
Genuine private sale. 
9L500 Trl 0636 83 0080. 
Gobni Pyihon. Unwue Aulo 
kran EouipmraL 5 Line Fora 
\8 Cngrau. son lop. md un- 
iWted. superb example. £19. 603 
ono Tel. 061 456 8000 office. 
061 483 27H home 
MORRIS OXFORD 1969. Genu, 
ine 13.800 milexiuily Superb. 
Offer*. Tcl-Sher/wid 397018. 

It got that all right with the 
124 mph XT bet its arrival 
also served to pinpoint another 
gap in the range. The XT is 
really a two seater sports car 
with room in the rear for two 
very small people indeed. At 
£12^99 for the five-speed 

manual and £13£98 for the 

automatic, it is also set- 

Vital statistics 

Modet Subaru 145 4wd turbo 
coup6 automatic. 

.Price: £11,099 

Engine: 1781 cc, four cylinder 

Performance: 0 to SO mph 1(L2 
secs, maximum speed 116 

Official consumption: Urban 
26.4 mph, 56 Rnh, 312 mpg 
and 75 mph, 232i mpg. 

Length: 14J ft 
Insisance: Group 7. 

firiently over the £10^60 to 
£11,000 barrier to exclude 
many company and pro- 
fesshmal buyers. 

International Motors, the 
Wert Bromwich-based group 
which controls Sahara dis- 
tribution in Britam, recently 
dosed that gap with the lit 
three-door tmbo coopt, a foil 
fom seater costing £2^00 less 
than the XT and powered by 
the same turbo-charged fiat 
four engine. With its sharply 
raked windscreen and very 
large glass hatchback, the 
newcomer is also, la my view, a 
more attractive car than the 
rather flash XT. 

In normally aspirated form, 
the li alloy engine, which 
powers all the Snbara range, is 
rather a plodder with its 
distinctive “boxer” throb. The 
introduction of a torfao charger 
and HHdti-pofltt fuel fojectMM 
has converted it into a 134 bhp 
flyer with very pleasing 
“punch in the back” accelera- 

The four-wheel drive on- 
demand system favoured by 
Sahara has its critics. They 
argue that it wastes much too 
modi feel carrying all that 
extra machinery when it is 
probably only going to be nsed 

a few times a year to cope with 

Sahara 1.8 three door arap& wefleqaipped 
bad weather or emergency driver’s seat tilt adjustable 
conditions. The cotip£ is quite wheel with a memory which 
a thirsty car particularly at restores its position, attractive 
motorway speeds. However, doth upholstery, electric win- 
for drivers commuting from dow and door mirrors, head- 
fee country or vets who hare to lamp washers, a radio-stereo 
make their roands in all cassette player and a “touch 
weathers, the extra peace of button” controlled heating and 
mind brought by fom^whed ventilation system whim I 
drive mast be a convincing found some dflficnlty ha 
argument in favour. operating to give fee desired 

On fee automatic verson 1 blend, 
tested, an over-ride switch 

permits the driver to choose Japanese cars are no longer 
between ™«*nal and auto- cheap. The increases 
matic selection of four times strength of fee yea has pal 
four. In fee latter mode, the paid to feat, at least for fee 
extra two driving wheels are time being. But rt a shade over 
brought into play in response £11,000 fee test car represents 
to sodden acceleration, break- u excellent compromise be- 
ing or when fee windscreen tween a permanent four times 
wipers are operating indicat- four performance hot car sack 
mg a possibly sfippery road as an Audio 90 Quattro cort- 
surfoce. rag £14,113 fed a traditional 

The coopt is well ^«»ed “on-off” road vehicle like fee 
wife a height adjustable £l5,790-plas Range Rover. 



Basse Car nd Sports Car 
Restoratm pro ant petf-wr 
can. high stndsd a reasoo- 
aWn rates. 


Severeip HE 84 (A). 

Cmbany. Air cood. SlnaoL 
Supsrb ramSon. 

Wes! Laae Garages, 
Bradford. Tot K74 

Tet Ki r pgiHAII (Bocta) 
(DM4) Mm 



Heart of Ctesc Car Am ai Lon- 
don SW6. FuBjr equipped, aith 
luge offices Care) 

ideal (or pie- & post-war models. 
4 yea lease. Preowm reqsM. 
Orbs around £15.000 
Far Delals Tet 

Dl 731 3734 

I lliurarn STAG CHKonte con- 
dition. better man new. 1 of the 
LM. 40.000 nle. aulo. PAS. Mo 
many detaBs to mention. A waif 
In sheep's clothing Tel 0763 
66 J 700 ted 649S tUyipne. Ol , 
794 2308 rvo and w/mto. 

LAGOMDA Coupe Onwerftale 
1963. Dark Mue. New hood. 
Good common wun lustory . 
Offers invited around £ 0 . 000 . 
TeM052Z) 342641 

VOLVO Unique 264 GL. 1976. 
iG-OOOoen mfles. superta leaib- 
er. air conditioning, etec 
wtndowv. ist oner £3-000 Td 
(0963) 860464 

STJUraulo. S reo. Carmine red. 
nard/xoil loo. Stereo. He. first 1 
class. £4-SOO. 0655 440623 



NO, 1984.8 reo. 43.000 IIMas. 
wack/Mack teathor Mertor. U 
Nnd*nkoos mctaPng cruise 
conkts. 1 owner. FSH, mnocu- 


8^B Jaguar Sovereign 42 in 

Ctarei w«b (tonkin IMe Msdor. 

IftOOO rates. Cl 5*0. 
82/X DeMar Swere^n n Stote 
rata doMten IMe bdwor. 32H00 
nto fcepaccabta. ta<30. 

Tel: 0454 313498 


For Wre or sate. 

Mocodes and many otiw 
models fee nobua 
Itafc COLUMNS can HRE 

XI e 3/4. C Rev 3.700 ndto 
Brick. Elec roof, windows etc. 
maniac, eond ClS.9eO.TH 0794 
22130. 0703 814202 iwgrkl. 
JAOUAR/ P AB WI .E R 1963/86. 
CHok* of 45 wfKMc range. 
£6J»95X1 9.000. EaL 19 ye»6. 
PX. Tad 01-554 98S3 EUax m. 




280SL 1984 

Sagaf rod rai f i c i M Pil— urirae- 
ilor. tamaararaanfein. Own 
C0DtoAtorwtiato8tau{M*t ■ 
■Hrao.Rra>sato53ilQ0ato : 
Fuasaevlce iw*«y. 

E04SS4W. I 

TriM34 32141 


380 SL Roarfster 

1982. P*ti btae. 1 owner. FiLH. 
57.000 mto ABS. Mays. Rear 
BeaS. Onto cortrot Efectnc wto- 
dows. Headland wash «tae. 
StBTOft AbsoUdy wTOfted. MOT 
one war. Hart top has aenr heen 
oft. £15.950. No often. . 

Tet 131 334 9540 
tv 5106 (I) 

DAIJHLER umousuie Aotomadc 
Grey. Uege uoai trim, ociober 
1971. pmonil number. le.OOO 
rm. genuine, e lectric window,, 
elecmc NrUtton. exceUeni con- 
dition- £7.893. Con Mr H 
Brough 044484 S6? T 

1972 Bertei 3. t7 Tine? Via. s+B. 
I Rcd/bncuiL Maintained lo a 
very lugti standard and in icry 
good condition. £i 1.260 TH 
0772 74Z42S 

XJS V12HE. 1984 B. Cnanherry 
red. 18.000 miles Jutl icrslco 
history, one owner. prtflJne 
condUIrm. cruise, fun spec. 
Cl 7.260 . 0562 886326 

XJ6C 8.6 1984. Meuflic green, 
doe skin, 22.000 mis. ad extras. 
£14.995. 0662 883969 after 
7pm iwn nddlamU). 

E TYPE Tl. 2 plus 2 4 JS. WW. 
siereo. nnuc condition. 
SJBJSQO. Tel 01-731 0099 

198$ B Jaguar XJS HE Brmsfi 
Racing green meiaMc. Petge 
hralhnr trpn. darton Stereo, air 
rond. usual extras. 10.000 
miles. 1 owner. rxcelHiK coiKU- 
Iton. £17.993 John Eld Motor, 
0332 33706 

XJS HE 1984. AmrbR/OonMn. 
all refinements. imiHactilBtF. 
lull %erilce msiory. extended 
warranty. 39.000 raUes-Qlferi 
around £12.950. 0926 B81811 
■Dusuiessi 0926 024176 ino) 


85 C 200 SL afloy wheels, 
rear seat. 11^00 mites 

only £23,950. 

82 X 500 SEC fuA 
spec - £19,950: 

86 C 250 TD automatic, 
etec sun roof. abs. 9.000 

miles only £18450: 

aBoy wheels. abs..E17,95Q. 
85 B 280 E elec Sun root, 
aBoy wheels, abs. etc- 
12.000 mfles crty_£1 5,95a 

8S c 190 E Automatic, elec 
sun roof, elec windows, 
radio cassette — £13£D0. 

(0883) 45242 


Oder 420 SEC K D 
SraokB stinr, cream Drtw 
velour. Air corn, ABS. 
Rear headrests, raffia eas- 
sattB. 500 mites only. 

Tub 0708 23511 


84 m 50BSL astral stiver. 
Hack doth. ABS. ratto/ cas- 
sette. 17D00 notes <2358 
83 (Y> 5D0SQ. laps blue/ 
cream vriou-. electric sun- 
roof. av con, ABS. 15.000 

Mr »per togmdase Mr ten 


(CSSS) 27701 

MCEt 1984(B). Aulo. LHD. Bll 
vor btue met / btue ckxh. 
iRWMC. Alan, stereo cass- cent 
■ocktnft. FSH from new. SBuOOO 
rate- 1 card id lady owner. 
C8.7S0 ooo. TH: <00201 Bdl 71 
/ 042841 14 (eves A w/ends) 

ZM E. Colour petrol blue, mem- ! 
Uc. naetetered 1988 , 
Automatic. DertTtc sunroof. 
17.000 miles. Superb gnad n. 
COO. Front armrest, hnmarnfain. > 
£1 1-200. Tet Marlow. Bodes ! 
<0638(0 3148. i 

190 E 
C rag. 

Satins ndeBlltai doth ritem. 
Etaanc steraef and wMows. t 
mnr sten oh. 17JOOO mto U 


Tet 81-247 6754 
(Brim 12 Dm) 

« 111% 4129 (Bvrs) 

500 SEL 

A Rag. FMstied in Manga- 
n*S8 with Fufl Light Beige 
Leather interior. fti» spec- 
ification. 42400 rates. 


Tet 0734 343 401 
Weekdays T 

SEL. 198 2. CUnowe ran. 
lame. ESR. Alloys Radio 
Crimea*. 00.000 mflea FSH. 
Ew»nenL l Otener. MXFV car. 
£11J»6. Tel (bus) 091 372 
3191 tews) 091 488 7566. 

ted MI ■ £10.990 W ren. 
60.000 rate, leather Irfcn. rov 
head ran. DeautKoi condiuon. 
ABS. stmroof. uaupUmM Re- 
reo. ad aiertrlcs. Orel to ate wui 
tear 41 £10.990. Ol 576 6630 

IM Amo -86 tr Res. Wue/IMack. 
*/ windows. r/mnnn( 

central /lock, stereo 4 spcalunl 
r/lx-.^ds. 3.500 rolvn only, agin 
31 £14.760. T« 0488 71717 

•to L*. iftwftoered. Delivery 
. BUljte ft AITCOnd. Stereo. Ann- 
Weft alarm. Alloys, mviu 
transmtsoion. £19.900. 0276 
64364 CH). Ol 671 5138(0). 

HEW MD 124 Mates, imim. 900 
reft sunroof, rear 
neadrate. radto/caysctte. tow 
tor. mud (taps. £14250’ Tm- 

280 CE <Bt Smoked stiver. Maui- 1 
lamed hy UntHm. nee 
SJmoL HtedowL-jUfiy wfuete. . 
siereo rad/cass. 2«-000 mues. 
£16^00 oji.o. Td. Ol 607 I 
0835 1 

380SE 198ft D ! 
velour. Here, 

rnneaoe. £2&< 

red. ESH. 
R». low 
Brand i m e 


tetradeo. MecuU wun brawn 
Jsteertgr. ettdrtc sunroof, aver- 
age Mirage lor year. eAxUan 
condMoa. £7.780 TH: Upon 
(0682) 22365 to view 

200 1986 C in rod with cram 
Mm. s speeds' efectnc sunroof. 
30000 jnBm FSH. JCSJOa . 
Tel: 042129 2345 (Hante) T I 

ZM 91_ -86. Signal red. 12.000 
roues. Totafly gntensa. Alloys. 
BUUMmM R/Cass. Unvote sale 
£21 .460 ono. Td Ol 876 9922. 

480 OL. R NS. RMtoBic Milan 
nrown. leather seats, au tonal 
extras. 12 mtrts MOT £7.900 
01-727 17H7 ' ' . 

BOO SEC Thtette green. 1983. V 
Regtehstton. 390300 monied 
ndML fufl service Wteory. per- 
- fad condftian. £20JSOO. 
Mercedes 300 D -anMmaife 
BUCK. 1979. V NdHraSea. 
. 80.000 mHes. teectric wind IT ys. 

cendMan. £4^00. Td: ofdca 
091 264 6027 Hone 06614 

2642,. . .. 

cj»S*S/roty? iajralltoZBO : 


. srouin.. £7.9so. Uns more. 

CTO Ud Ol 485 6658 git 
Z80H.SPO n. 

TreteM 021 844 6655 .Otlke 

owner. Directors ear. noueu. 

0959 72060 Or Ol 856 9463 

686 Set. Owe 1979 (VI. MmmHu- 
Muy wan velou r mtertor\E^ 
Jm condftian. 84.000 SSS 
rewnuy »*v»«5(!dr^60Qia; 
0140. mao. TH. Ol WM? 

a Ss2£uabnss; 

0641 ViS? ** m - 01 «*o 

1984. saver Bine 
mOea. sumpor. teSST* 


°S9BA 449. 91 6W 134Q. T<1: 

500 KLIM 431 

SB044T “ wsa U 0326 
Tj£ 0927 oSSSr' 


3* * ***** 

M Uic 

* «* VlN" «unii 

* «** *■* m 

tart It* m** 
tatf NtwyiH 

v.- o '■“*' 
«., . '" ■'— 
«-■■: ,-C :. 

‘^■u - % < " 


V !-,;., 
1 *.; ..] 
flw •, . > _ 

W'x*. ;;^ 

* :: Vv,-. i 

fti*' \'.,L 


*• (WMI 

1 locrruk 

v sj;rsa 

,Sr!«s fTfccl 

s? b- 

500 SEL 

. . -• *•:« 

• . • r .. T '. 1 


rci: C734 343431 

Weekdays Tj 

HMMEaBai ''»««»* H':la AWHEI 




™ Mmrs wuran *a* taesTBt w na wo as 

01 900 0888 




icAe ^&mAuch 


Bampias of our compotitrea rates mduda: 

350 SL 

Autgcooiwana. Wnaq.wBti 
“22: ft* *gy *M history. 

“T 4SS?£££F 

„ 214^00. 

Dealer fcicftJes. 

Tel: 01 672 0292 fT) 

280 SE 

COUPE 1968 

38a sl sports 

A raft 1 owner, 
iftOOffrabs. fid S/H. al- 
to)®. windows, cant 

Used as^Jnd'eo^Hp'i 
P/E.poesWe. £21,500. 

Ter 0583.238870 or 
8533 383301. T 

witfa/uue feaflw mtenor. 

1 oww Gecnune 40fl00 rates. 
AbsoWfiy superb andttn. 

£7,759 mm 
T el: 0222 515679. 

280 SL, 

C ra g. 1 owner from new. 
pristine condition throughout. 
Gmoka Stow metafic. fid 
cream tewher trim kte raar 
saste, cruise control, afloy 

“heeb. ABS, Pioneer 5eSo 

system, IftOOOrols. 

Tel: 87*7 333888. 

190 E. 

Oct B5. Crag. mo. 8000 rota. 

SuB 9085 tk Turbo, Auto, 1904, sunroof. rad/cass. me} bbe. E7JB0 

Available shortly : 

Safe 9800 Ttrto Stack, A.C.G. Sierra leather. 1 turner. POA 
Saab «M Ttrto 16. Met Rose Quartz. A.C.C, velour. POA 

PHONE 0273 452456 


Sierra 16001 

Carlton 1.8GL_ 


ofSioane Square 

Quality used cars 

86 D ArfTwbo (kata, amatt shw. tatiw sun too?. 620Q (riles. £22335. 
83 Y Antif Tarbe Qarttro Raft 33.000 (titles. ni.495. 

88 D Audi m CO Mmrifc Braptite, sun roof, MOO miles, *11.995. 
N P Mi Cnee. 22 CC Shtm black. 1100 rates, £11,995. 

HIM SBSMt 140 BHP. red, 31.000 rates, am roof. 17.485. 

86 C And 98 mk tornado red. 8300 odes, £1.795. 

IS C Jafla CT. Allas mey. 6200 miles, 0258. 

M B M 6T1 converbbte. 8fl Uack. 27.000 miles £7250. 

.for further information phone 

214 PAVILION ROAD, LONDON. SW1. Tel: 01-730 2131 

86 Mortal Sart 9000 
Tirto »8- m saver. Rttad 
ace. F.S.H- IftOOOirites. 


66 C Saab 9000) -Sims 
write. 5,000 mftes. P.0 A. 

let 045*313698 

Rmb mcksq ortna stneoi and 
3 year lent noth 3 mate spun 

F<a mam qaanman an enr nsw 
Muse 0922 614614 Tate X 

u awa nama programme and ara 
after rattel pspbic n adraace. 

comaor ar or.wn 

BM8 bt on 3266271 Ttetx I 

SMB 9000 TZ6 TURBO. Stiver, 
to MM aM. <un spec, sunroof. 
iMOier Interior. trio 
ndte/eeraettc. Supne tomb- 
tton. C1439S TcU 0647.40833 

SAMI war mean, save in to 
■ ja.aoa p ra n aaatnntog-CM 

broemve feu enar 0078300909 


pp KL afwa^st wnj in j? 

owner. £6.900 mo. Phone £896. 
nn/w/eoas ontv D4S 3BT2 2 2M (OHM , 

Tafe (00431 77MM tSS* 


led fe 

NX «• fin oaeuMs tsmertSite 
by VANDBt PUS. Supob in 
Msfi Racne Grean. Baubbd 
fast practical motor car, 
C25JM eaa 

RfiS FraarfMd 318 

(East Sanaa} 

Office 0782 582233 STATION ROAD, 

Alter Hoiks 0277 229826 THORPE BAY, <3©^ 
6836 510197 ESSEX 

Audi Quaflro Coupe 

B Registered 

In pristbra eonditton. Bteck 
tafe afcar coach tews. Only 
17JU0 mflaa. 


Te£ 0234 756415 (H) 
or 6234 41004(0) 

GOLF OL blue. November itM. nun. untomatse. mn- 
roar. nr rondmonlng. 
ruto r c — nur. imroncntnra. 
£3.500 Trt m 2023804 
ICM between Ufen and lsm> 

awraouBOWMiDt. cm- 

our coded. 19.700 mw. rsn. in 
unitflrd coodltton. 
cost new jegso xw. C 16.990 
TH: 0602 277730 MUc*> 

AVM 80 SPORT BOOM rod 8 rrg. 
30.000 route. 4 apraktr Wim 
alloy wheels. £5.173. Tel 0832 

VMT COLT CT1 convertible. AS 
while. B6 03b lees than 1,000 
roikn. As new. £9.750 01-642 

VW WCBTTAUA 1973 4 berm, 
wen couvpfd. owner moving 
abroad CIJOO 

KC 6041= Bn AJfme Whte. 3 Or. S/root. Rad/Cass. 1 mw 8.000 

IMS £8295 

84 B AUO 88 SPORT Toroado Had. 5 Spd gaarbox. rtoys, 19,000 

mis. £6258 

■6 C PASSAT 615 Saloon MM Blue, tamaattt. 6BOO irts£72» 
66 C POLO EL Diamond Sdwr. 5 Spd gBarfaox. 1 owno. 7.000 

arts £5295 

13 V EOF EL Sand met. a good ranpte of Has popular CstajSS 

•> 7 « • 


100 York Road, SW11 
01 223 4063 
01 228 6444 



Mercedes Benz main 
~ - dealers. 
Underwriters far lata aid 
tow mileage Mercedes. 
ON 0708 23511 


Chairman's car in 
bexntifbJ nutmeg brown 
with beige hide mtenor. 
fmnmubie COoditioc. 

FAH. Very low nahag o 

TeL- 056^ 5866 

OR 021-704 4131 

RAF 10 iUO^XM 

VA A 1 on 1980 Coir C 
IAA J saver. £4.000. 

Ascot (68901 228 

1986 (C). 

6700 Mtes. t oamar. Amuai 
flk* UetaHc. StfrtOL Cm 
\tStna mm. 


John Ashley Motors, 
SeibBoo. 01 390 3441 

AUO* 60 Qiattro. 1996 IO. Tor- 
nado rad. UnmacnlMe 23 000 
■Mlae. £1 1.49ft. TH.Q2JV* 
887670 or 883366 level 

AIM 80 1 A CLS. 198a ek(e«- 
tent conomon. low ml) rape. 
MOTAUOUSI 1987. £2400 m. 
TeM>41 632 OOlO 

coNvomatx oolfs own 26 
new cart available lor burned 
debvefy. 0582 873182. (VW 

Solf 6U convntBde. B reg 86. 
15.500 mile*. Mann, nnoa 
rchBUoo. £7 .800. TH OI 348 
6211 work. Ol 620 4673 today. 

PASSAT Dirwt estate Turbo 
1986. 6.000 mk. stereo/ car 
■Me. £7.680. PX/wamoty. 
(0826) 790676 T. 

VW MMCCO CTV -V- 1986. 
48.000 MUee. Red £3200 
Good roadman Ol 730 7369 
W ork. O l 386 8878 Even. 
wanted aim cd * n/nih. 

Air rand, unis A Ok col U pom. 
ciasoo max 01 asa mm 
Day: Ol 870 1697 Evm. 

OOLT en B dr. Aartt 86 V Mon 
•bee. AH extras A yn tax Ax 
bew. £9.130 KM287JI 6203 
BOLT cm CTI CT1. nrr 30 new 
A used cairn avaUable. 0082 
873 182. (VW denier i. 

Mnv Golf on's. ConvmstUn * 
rati VW Ainu nmae M dfecooM 
men (rom ICC 01200 8696 
YWAUM 1967 nimMi we up ao 
£3.900. nM unaens. dee rolmar 
brochure Manor 0978 330909 


Nov 83 (A). 

Decpocaa/bhm 15JXX) 
■lb. Tdephine tod aati- 

tromae ii lew 


Teb *491 873909 


MaWW I 1970. 47X00 Miles 
only. Cardinal Bed. recant ser- 
vice. New w/W tyres. Mstacy. 
Superb. £11.960. Ttt Ol 8*7 
3236 or 0860 626794. T ■ 



C rap. femsemeta. 1 ownar. 


0 Beg. Mental ndetg a. 

fitOMDOBi UpklUn. 


Tot 8784 252125 


Top prices all models. 
Please call: 


0734 789884 (1) 

WSSJII JM ZX. Fist rag Jn 
1985. 1 BoHTwiwdh irenar 


PEUGEOT 2*5 GTl Reg Jufy 
1986, 1 inner, 9.600 mies. Ftn- 
is&Bd in BbcV Bnk via ' 

Iagu« nas 5J 
ie U..0PMUM 
tnra. sunroof, auk* eonbtH. ter 
con, l oaner, FSH. 5^00 ads. 
Smvb Oder ttRwgbat 


Please Contact 

0202 762442 

SHADOW 8-Treo- SBver Chabffr 

wash wipe jmti vbhair inte- 
rior. only 67X100 mflea. 
BUraronia 6rara». recent Avon 
tyres. pabMwcrt neeai aneft- 
tuxi. Tax HB Apra. root tfflJtdy. 
£11.900. 0463 46076 mytnse 

mrouraioaL £8.780. FBr ouX*. 
nfe. Til 0279 30302 : 

SHADOW 8 1979 Chestnut. I M 
Intartor. tvaOmc. 63.000 mUea 
FSH. rw a eie . years mot. m>- 
macrtMr £l6.9GO. Vine: 
WtadJertwcn. Surrey. Tet 0276 
71 3b6 

£26.7Sa Tel OIWfl85» 4048 lat- 
ter 8.00 pmx 

P O W ITJ BS OanverbMe. 1981 
Red. tan trim. 18 rod* RH 
warrerty. 42.000 inis. 
£44.998. 0862 883969 alter 
Then (West maowdS).. 

SLVDI WABOW 1973: MeHllc 
bhw parotworfe. balee interior. 
BemoKul rawdlH d n . £ 8 ^X 1 . 
T«t 106309 222488 

WWT86 - 9X100 mu. MapoBb. 
A* extras. FSH. £tsi£00 Ttt: 
409SS 66192 «r Ol 891 0006 



KLyat SHADOW Mar* I N Re*, 
superb eondlUan. £1000a Tel: 
Ol 63B 4463. 

RRRAW Mondial Q.V. 1983. 
Blur meraiHc wan ran twertor. 
24.000 mis. £17.600 Orm. 7* 
CM946 77074 iHorae/evea} or 
01-6063313 act 402. 



p 2 CT 5 u?cr^c 





by 5th (mowing wwldng 
day. For Sas*c and arosQ 
bnrtneree*. Abo payralh; 
VAT ceuim«iid*EReraI 

Ami — j Tacoe&Ce. 


+ W2 

Low preari nm 24hr 
icons + parking. Fom 
cupeled offices ind 
phooe/ tetoc/ fax. Fr 


VOOI Express 01-278 6961. 
rwt atsi reftatdr Mex/fu ssr- 
vw, Acetaa/Viaa. 



ladrntAD petsax speora 
taCroductBy offer 5% off BRP. 
Tet 021 443 4678. 



ideal for war^iouse 
1 minute Kings 
Langley main Una 


- Consisting of 
5 offices & 
Long lease. 

Tet (8442) 56880 



Urtmited finance for kneri 
of credit. Defarneni* 1 T- 
»c*cd pfus dncouul of 
m voices in oot itnWptc 


W—d for Glade 1 aop cocoa 
bean*, ngne auta ol tab rets 
gm Ant* part eft MMn or 
tab* anqwies only to tbs { 
General Manager, 
Freetaks Lift, 

75-7B Roee B*nk Road, 
Telex 296585 


2000 SO Feet 
FUR On Licence 


8000 SQ Feet 
Shefi condition 
AH Bcendng and pbrmtag 

An Enquires: 01 493 0626 
(Office Hours) 


01-847 1965 


It is our understanding 
that there is ao British 
made oil pressure 
switch suitable to run 
with Kubota diesel en- 
gines and manufac- 
tured in the UK. Our 
volumes are apgrori- 
mateiy 3,000 scotches 
per annum. If you dis- 
agree with this sme- 
ment then please send 
details to: 

BOX A87. 

WBW BAte I/O £2AOO pw. lew 
17 yean reauMno. 3 bed mat. 

X107J0a Tdt 


HCM Wa yiararo ■ natty to wear. 
£2.00 a pur * VAT. KfeNra- 
aNc rrwmi. TH. 0782 661034. 

WE HU Sooar. tiro. apfetA. tea. 
canned foods, scrap and news- 
print. Local A export eooutm 
Wsteomc Ol 637 3940/3626 

or active fe ratid w re- 

gw** r>'- - ~ • 

*1 -*!“• ‘ - 

3s t*r 


FnfMRt400l 1982 Aulomalfc 1 


.. owner. 22X300 mUes. hWory. 

aulri oatsomlng nrambte 

■RR nta|te n- 

■ WjUtnaun. Ol 647 4473. 

rra ww MW ateOT 1972. 1 LOTUS casrn rm*. my ■84. g 
red- riwuhea ourober. efanv- 1 owners. Ice Wue. * le ath er . 

£lSXIOa Tel: BtoupunXl Stereo. BAS. 

078S71 4780, I 21.000 miles. £13.996. Td 

Swtfl (0354) 61043 N. Cfembb. 

I owner. PSH. amo. 21,000 
miles, voa £988a Trt. Ol 949 
7409 a- 01 »Z 7062. 






TEL: 01-481 4422 
FAX NO. D1-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
TEL: 01-401 4000 

onfcldy. Low Kmn nsk. Msa- 


HPA8K TH Apentv AH areas 
for amung tapes, beaks and 
fonzrolars. No stedc needed. 
BMW. Merkaona. 0266 48128 
OiDcn 0648 44069 wic/end 



have immediate vacancy for Articled Clerk, 
as a result of unforeseen circumstances. 

Large forward-looking firm, offering first 
class training in all aspects of law. 

Apply in writing, with CV* to:- 

JL I.iahman, 

D enham . Brindley & Linn, 
Denning House, George Street, 
Wolverhampton, WV2 4DP. 





fom of tepicatton aid jsrfatas. togntiw with a praopmo. 
Worattn tend toe Cotey nay > pbain ad trora toe tatepe mb a 
ocnocas YuDoofc, 

m ^ > tf 

.. 1 1 -W t Tif v 3% 

BurtiDfpon pboM. UMx and Sy- 
wardUg services- Ol 434 2860 


Portable fax machines. 
Cheapest prices in Eu- 
rope. Limited 
quantities available 
now. Please phone 

Fax IntefnatunaL 
Tet (0243) 860662 

IfllJkMjq j> Ml ’l 1 

5 Spfca 

PAGE 14 

- «C «8r » 

•A i w * * •’ ^ 

- 2" !L • 

i * Bra; • 





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gihntiwr Umvbww 
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La Crtee Ae la Crewe and other 
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Cure p o ur Hemons: Computer 
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CtBfml ApputoWteWK 
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appointments whfa editorial. 

Ll Oeaw de b Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Motors: A comptefe car buyer's 
Ciide with editorial 
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oppo mait fa. fia oehis e s e tc . 

WKh editorial, 

Restawaat Gridft {Monthly) 


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ViUas/Couates. Hotels. Flights 


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October 30: The Queen arrived 
at Weston-super-Mare Station 
in the Royal Train this morning 
and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord -Lieutenant for 
Avon (Sir John Wilis. Bt,) 

The Queen subsequently vis- 
ited Royal Air Force Locking. 

Having been received by the 
Air Officer Commanding Train- 
ing Units (Air Vice-Marshall 
DJ. Sponiswood) and the Sta- 
tion Commander (Group Cap- 
on M.R.M. HeyesL Her 
Majesty visited the Station 
Headquarters and witnessed a 
Presentation on the role of the 

The Queen then visited the 
No I Radio School .Museum on 
Mendip Hall, toured a Display 
of Electronic Training in No 2 
Training Block and a Display of 
Physical Education. Sporting, 
Outdoor and Avenmrous Activ- 
ities in the Station Gymnasium. 

Afterwards. Her Majesty at- 
tended Receptions in the 
Sergeants' Mess and the 
Officers' Mess and subsequently 
hounoured the Station Com- 
mander with her presence at 
luncheon in the Officers' Mess. 

In the afternoon. The Queen 
visited the Flowerdown Centre, 
met service personnel, civilian 
employees and families, and 
toured a Display of Leisure and 
Youth Activities. 

Lady Susan Hussey. Mr 
Kenneth Scott. Air Vice-Mar- 
shal Richard Peirse and 
Lieutenant-Commander Timo- 
thy Laurence. RN were in 

The Duchess of York today 
presented the 1986 Martini 


HM Government 
Sir Geoffrey Howe. QC, Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affaire, was 
host at a luncheon held at 1 
Carlton Gardens yesterday in 
honour of Herr Loihar Spath, 
Minister-President of Baden- 

Lord Mayor 

The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress entertained Mr M.w. 
Made. Master of the Fruiterers’ 
Company, the Wardens and 
members of the court of the 
company at luncheon at the 
Mansion House yesterday. 

Management Consultancies 

Mr John Lidstone. chairman, 
and council members of the 
Management Consultancies 
Association were hosts at a 
luncheon given for Mr James 
Gulliver, Chairman of Argyll 
Group, at the Stafford Hold 
held yesterday. 


Horserace Betting Levy Board 
The Queen, attended a recep- 
tion held at St James's Palace on 
Wednesday to mark the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the 
Horserace Betting Levy Board. 
Princess Anne, was also present 
Among the guests were present 
and past members of the board 

Royal Photographic Awards at 
the Martini Terrace, New Zea- 
land House. SWt. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by His Excellency Mr 
Biyce Hariand (New Zealand 
High Commissioner). 

Mrs John Floyd and Wing 
Commander Adam Wise were 
in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
Reception in aid of TS Royalist 
given by the London Sea Cadets 
at Trinity House, London, EC3. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President of the 
Sea Cadet Association (Admiral 
of the Fleet Sir Henry Leach) 
and the Chairman of the TS 
Royalist Refit Committee (Mr 
Richard Charvei). 

Afterwards. The Princess 
Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips at- 
tended the Association ofLivery 
Masters 198S Ladies Night Din- 
ner at the Chiswell Street Brew- 
ery. London. EC I. where Her 
Royal Highness was received by 
the Patron of the Association 
(Sir Alan Traill). 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 
October 30: The Princess of 
Wales. Duke of Cornwall, vis- 
ited Duchy property in the 
Western District today. 

In the afternoon His Royal 
Highness opened (he new stu- 
dents residence at the Duchy 
Agricultural College, Stoke 
Cfimsland, Cornwall. 

The Prince of Wales travelled 
in the Royal Train. 

The Princess of Wales. Pa- 
tron. Help the Aged, this eve- 
ning attended the Starlight 
Cabaret at (he Hilton hotel, 
London Wl. 

Mrs Max Pike and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Richard 
Ay lard, RN were in attendance. 

and staff, ministers. Members of 
both Houses of Parliament, 
senior civil servants and repre- 
sentatives from horseracing, 
bloodstock breeding, the betting 
industry, veterinary research, 
horse societies, and the racing 

Ordnance Board 
Lord T refgarne. Minister of 
State for Defence Procurement, 
and Major-General E. G. 
Willmott, President of the Ord- 
nance Board, received the guests 
at a reception given by officers 
of the Ordnance Board last night 
at Lancaster House. 

Corps of Queen's Messengers 
The annual reception of the 
Corps of Queen's Messengers 
was held at 1 Carlton Gardens 
last night. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Terry Crump, superintendent, 
and Mrs Crump received the 


Royal Institute of Public Health 
and Hygiene 

The Royal Institute of Public 
Health and Hygiene held its 
Harben and centenary year con- 
ference dinner last night at the 
Royal Society of Medicine. Dr 
H.EA. Carson, chairman of 
council, and Mrs Carson re- 
ceived the guests and the guest 
of honour was Professor J.M. 
Harrington, of the Institute of 
Occupational Health, Bir- 

Ociober 30: The Princess 
Margaret, Countess of Snow- 
don, was present this evening at 
a performance of Calamity Jane 
held at the Assembly Hall. 
Tunbridge Wells, in aid of the 
Kent and Sussex and Pembury 
Hospitals’ Cancer Scanner 
Equipment Fund. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Lady Aird. 

October 30: The Duchess of 
Gloucester was present this 
evening at the Nabisco 
Wightman Cup at the Royal 
Albert HalL 

Mrs Michael Wigley was in 

October 30: The Duke of Kent. 
ColoneL Scots Guards, today 
visited the 2nd Battalion at 
Cavalry Barracks, Hounslow, 

His Royal Highness was at- 
tended by Captain Michael 
Cam pbe 11-Lam erton- 

Princess Anne, Honorary Presi- 
dent of the Chartered Institute 
of Transport, will attend the 
anniversary luncheon at the 
Connaught Rooms on Novem- 
ber 4 to mark the founding of 
the Institute in November 1919 
and the granting of a royal 
charter in November J926. 

A memorial service for Air 
Commodore Sir Vernon Brown 
will be held at St Clement Danes 
at 2.30 today. 

Baroness Masham of Hum, 
Countess of Swintcn, regrets she 
is unable to undertake her 
engagements at present as she is 
undergoing treatment at Stoke 
Mandevtlle Hospital, 

min gham University, the 1986 
Harben lecturer. 

Samel Fepys Clab 
The Hon John Montagu pre- 
sided at a dinner of the Samuel 
Pepys dub held last night at 
Armoury House. Lieutenant 
Commander Peter AngeU, chair- 
man of the dub, and Mr J.L. 
Reed were among the speakers. 
National Association of Health 

Mr Arthur Taylor, Chairman of 
the National Association of 
Health Authorities, presided at 
the annual dinner held last night 
at the Kensington Cose HoteL 
Mr Len Peach, Chief Executive 
of the NHS Management Board, 
was the guest speaker. 

Institute of Cost and Manage- 
ment Accountants 
The President of the Institute of 
Cost and Management Accoun- 
tants, Mr Peter Lawrence, was 
host at a dinner held at Grocers* 

A letter from President 
Thomas Jefferson to Morde- 
cal Noah, dated 1818, in which 
he roundly condemns anti- 
semitism, provoked a remark- 
able bidding competition at 
Sotheby's in New York on 

The combination of 
presidential and Jewish in- 
terest resulted in a price of 
$396,000, or £275458. which 
was paid by a private bidder 
for the single-page^ letter 
n pjntf a cautions estimate of 
between $25,000 and $35,000. 

The letter in which Jeffer- 
son writes, “Public opinion 
erects itself into an In- 
quisition, and exercises its 
office with as much fanatacisra 
as fans the flames of an Auto 
da ft," is to be presented to the 
Yeshfra University Mnsuem. 

At Sotheby's in London 
yesterday sunning a routine 
sale of prints prodded a total 
of £131,637, with 16 per cent 
unsold. A dealer from San 
Francisco paid £19,800 for a 
copy of tire Basan “‘Recueil de 

Birthdays today 

Miss Barbara Bel Gcddes, 64; 
Mr Eddie Chariton, 57; Vis- 
count Falmouth. 67; Mr Dick 
Francis. 66; Professor W.F. 
Grimes. 81; Mr Alas Lair 
Helberingion, 67; Mr H.RJF. 
Keating, 60; Mr Barrie Keefe, 
41; MrJohn Keeling, 64; Profes- 
sor R-F. Mahler, 62; Mr Malise 
Nicolson, 65; Sir Ernest Oliver, 
86; Rear-Admiral MJ. Ross, 78; 
Lord Rothschild. 76; Mr jimmy 
Savile, 60: Sir Edward S nelson, 
82; Mr D.M.D. Thomas, 57. 

Haycock. Mr J E Herrin. Mr K J 
FWW*. Mr A C W, Abrahams. WE C 
AppieyanL Mr J C Ashcrofl. Mr N C 
Bata. Mr A M W BMtMiUL Mr A 
carter. Mr C N A CasOeman. Or C J 
CJiaius. Mr 1 M Clubb. Mr P J uavte. 
Mr G I de Deney. Mr A DuguM. Mr J 
Evans. Mr J S Fieounlna. Mr G E 
Former. Mr H J Fouids, Mr BE 
Friend. Mr M Coine r. . P 

Goodman, the Rev C K Hairirt^octfce, 
DT B Haldilck. Mr R Hides. MP . Mr N 
H Holland. Mr N D Holmes. Mr T P 
Houghton. Mr F c James. Mr B H 
Kent Mr D Urn, MJ*. Mr A J 
Lawrence. Mr J R Ntchotsmu Mr P 
Neitsen- Mr WV W Norm. SV J B 
Paw?. Mr R a Parsons. Mr E R Petrie . 
Mr J A RtW. Professor R W Seamens. 
Mr H Smftn. Mr J F Tkytavjfir P 
Tread away. Mr G WaHhe. Mr J R 
Walton. Mr A Wilson, and Mr D W 


Latest appointments include: 
Baroness Masham of Dtou has 
become president of Papwotth 
Village Settlement, of Enham 
Village Centre and of the 
Papworth and Enham Founda- 
tion for Handicapped People. 
Mr Michael Preston, head of 
design at the Science Museum, 
to be president of the Guild of 
Glass Engravers in succession to 
Mr David Peace. 

Mr Ahu Tuffin. to be a member 
of the Health and Safety 

85 Estampes”, by Rembrandt 
ami others (estimate £5,500 to 

Christie’s ImM a morning 
session of English furniture, 
which made £287,771 with 17 
per cent bought in. A private 
bidder paid £14300 for an 
eccentric pair of giltwood con- 
sole tables in the manner of 
Thomas Johnson, which had 
formerly adorned the Ad- 
miralty in Whitehall (estimate 
£3,000 to £5,000). The tops 
were simulated porphyry, and 
the bases modelled as natu- 
ralistic tree trunks. 

A sale of paintings and 
water-colours held by Law- 
rence of Crewkerne in Somer- 
set made a Intel of £213,630 
with less than 10 per cent 
failing to find buyers. An 
anonymous collector acquired 
a. recently identified racing 
subject by James Pollard for 
£23,100 (estimate £10,000 to 

The painting showed die 
dramatic and hard fought 
finish of the 1843 St Leger 



The Hon ELF. Kmdosley 
and Miss EJL Forestier-WaBuer 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, second son of 
Lord Kindersley, of West 
Green, Kent, and Lady 
Kindersley, of Ramhurst 
Manor, Kart, and Rosamond, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Gwent Foresticr- Walker, of 
Whitdeaf, Buckinghamshire. 
Mr N.A. McAdam 
and Miss M.V. Bowen 
The engagement is announced 
between Neil, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs A3. McAdam, of 
Edinburgh, and Marion, eider 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J-A. 
Bowers, of Russdls Water, Hen- 

Mr SJ. McL Boyd-Waffis 
and Miss R-C. Griffiths 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, eldest son ofMr 
and Mrs JJ.V. Boyd- Wallis. of 
PetersBekL, Hampshire, and 
Clare, eldest daughter of 
Lieutenant-Commander and 
Mrs M.D. Griffiths, of 
Petersfidd, Hampshire. 

Mr JX. Gutierrez 
and Miss SS. Sheppard 
The engagement is announced 
between Jose Luis, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Manuel Gutierrez, 
and Sybefla, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Michael Sheppard, both of 
Santiago, Chile. 

Dr JJWL Hkkman-Casey 
and Dr KE. Graham-Brawn 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian Michael, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs T. A. Casey, 
of London, W5, and Katherine 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of Dr 
and Mrs W.D. Graham-Brown, 
of Appledore, Kent. 

Mr C.T. Hunter 
and Miss EX. Rigby 
The engagement is announced 
between Toby, son of Mr David 
Hunter, Castiega i e, York, and 
Mrs Ann Hunter, Lane End, 
Winchester, and Emma, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Rigby. Oakshott Farm, 
HawUey, Hampshire. 

Mr TJD. James 
and Miss DJ. Mitchell 
The engagement is announced 
between Tim, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Christopher James, of 
Four Oaks, Sutton Coldfield, 
and Deborah, only daughter of 
Mr and Mbs Tom Mitchell, of St 
Osyth. Essex. 

Mr G-P. Law 
and Miss &J. Green 
The engagement is announced 
between Geoffrey, younger son 
of Mr and Mis AC. Law, of 
Chesbam, Buckinghamshire, 
and Rosalind, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs MJ. Green, of 
Amersham, Buckinghamshire. 
Mr J. Macmillan 
and Miss S. FaOe 
The engagement is announced 
betw een James, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs T.ILA. Macmillan, of 
Altyre House, Great Horkesley, 
Colchester, and Susan, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs PJL 
Fade, of Tanglewood, Wantage 
Road, StreaUey. 

Mr NX. Mobbs 
and Miss AJVL Stone- Wigg 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
and Mrs R.S. Mobbs, 2 Marine 
Crescent, Great Yarmouth, and 
Aileen, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R.L. Stone-Wig*, The Moss, 
Dunbiane, Scotland. 

Latest wills 

Dorothy Irene Leah, of Sdsttm. 
Nottinghamshire, left estate val- 
ued at £722,542 net. After 
personal bequests of £75,000, 
her fume and some effects she 
left the residue equally between 
Cancer Research Campaign and 
the National Society for Cancer 

Mrs Jean Mary Davies, of 
Wilton, Salisbury, founder of 

which was won by the outrider 
Nutwith, partly because the 
jockey of oae of the favourites 
which belonged to John 
Bowes, the illegitimate son of 
Lord Strathmore, had beat 
bribed to lose. 

A good hunting pastel by 
Cedi AJdin showing EJP. 
Rawnsley. Master of the 
South wold Hunt, taking a 
fence made £7,900 against a 
sporting est i mate of from 
£10,000 to £20,000. The Na- 
tional Portrait Gallery paid 
£2310 for a chalk and water- 
colour portrait, by Oats 
Humphry, of the Duke of 
Wellington's elder brother, 
the Marquess Wellesley (es- 
timate £2,000 to £3300). 

At Phillips on Wednesday 
a ft e r noon fee Lewis Carroll 

negatives sold weU, the most 
expensive being one of the 
three very rare negatives 
which went to the National 
Museum of Photography at 

Mr M-H. Newman 
and Mbs CJL Higgins 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mrs Roy Newman, of Newtek, 
Sussex, and Carey, middle , 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Francis 
Higgins, of Chobham, Surrey. 
Mr J.A5. Kerens 
and Miss D-L. Morgan 
The engagement is announced 
between John, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Stephen Revess, of 
Putney. London, and Dawn, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Kenneth Morgan, of Quarudon, , 

Mr MJ. Sellars 
and Miss WJ. Lloyd 
The engagement is announced i 
between Michael, only son of 
the late Mr J.B. Sellars and of 
Mis I.C. Sellars, of the Ross, 
Comrie, Perthshire, and Wendy 
Jane, younger daughter of Mr J. : 
Lloyd, of AUenon, Liverpool 
and the late Mrs N.B. Lloyd. 

Mr N.B. Shipp 
and Miss J. Lonsdale 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, eldest son of 
Wing Commander and Mrs P.B. 
Shipp, of Thadiq, Ceret, Pyre- 
nees, and Joanna, rider daugh- 
ter of Mr Norman Lonsdale and 
the late Mrs Norman Lonsdale, 
of Kingstone Lisle Park, 

Mr AJ*. SpiDaue 
and Miss JJD. Marfarlaae 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul son of Mr and 
Mrs H.G. SpiUane, of Colwatl 
Herefordshire, and Julie, daugh- 
ter Mr and Mrs C Macferlane, 
of Staoton-on-tbe-WoIds. 

Mr D.W. Wan 
and Miss GA. Everard 
The engagement is announced 
betwe en William, son ofMr and 
Mrs W.H. Wafl, of High Heath, 
PrisaH West Midlands, and 
Catherine, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs TJ. Everard, of Stonecross. 
Crowborough, East Sussex. 

Mr CJL Warren 
and Miss AJL. Rogers 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher Hugh, ri- 
der son of Mr and Mrs Michad 
Warren, of Great Horkesley, 
Essex, and Anne Larkin, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr Justin T. 
Rogers, of Akron, Ohio, United 
Stales, and Mrs Virginia Rogers, 
of Hudson, Ohio, United States. 


Mr GJVL Carfrae 
and Miss J.E. Gillum 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. October 25, at The 
Royal Chapel The Great Park. 
Windsor, of Mr Martin Carfrae, 
only son of Major and Mrs 
Michad Carfrae, of Farnham, 
and Miss Jane Gillum, only 
child of Mr and Mis Michael 
Gillum, of Englefirid Green. 
Canon John Treadgold 

The bride, who was given m 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Caroline 
Carfrae, mss Sarah Francis, 

PUDUC auwu afiwm * ir ’ 
and who later became the first 

woman to serve in a German 
cabinet, died on October 29. 
She was 85. . 

She was born m Frankfurt 
on January 7, 1901. She 
studied law in Frankfurt and 
Bari m, and was admitted to 
the Bar in 1920. During the 
last years of die Weimar 
Republic she was politically 
active, while also serving as a 
junior judge. In 1932, while 
sitting at Frankfurt and Dort- 
mund, she criticized Hitler's 
attitude towards women in a. 
newspaper article, and de- 
fended her views before a Nazi 


Soon after the Nazis came 
to power she was forced to 

resign, and during the years of 

the Third Reich she spent her 
time doing social and legal 
advisory work within the Lu- 
theran Church. 

After the war she joined the 
Christian Democratic Union, 
and was elected to the Federal 
Parliament in 1952. She was 
assiduous in committee work 
and spoke often, more espe- 
cially on matters concerning 
women. As a member of 

W^TGeSuan divorce law in 

In 1962 she was appointed 
Minister of Pnbhc I Ketith in 
Konrad Adenauer's fourth 
cabinet. Though women had 
sat in parliament under the 
WeimarRepuWic, and in. the 
West German Bundestag since 
the revival of German dfitjoc- 
racy, none before had held 1 
cabinet office. 

As minister she promoted a 
number of laws relating to 
medicine and food hygiene. 
Her principal monument was 
the Food Code that she intro- 
duced to raise the standards of 
shops and shoppers. At the 
gamp time she expanded rood 
advisory services. . 

A handsome woman with a 
disarming smile, she was al- 
ways at her desk at an early 
hour reading documents and 
newspapers before her assis- 
tant arrived. She had the 
reputation of a politician 
whose charm and intelligence 
were combined with a neces- 
sary toughness. v 

Until her later years she was 
a keen mountain climber and. 
skier. She was unmarried. 


Lieutenant-General Sir 
Richard Goodwin, KCB, 
CBE, DSO, died on October 
28. He was 78. 

Richard Elton Goodwin 
was bom cm August 17, 1908. 
Educated at Cheltenham and 
the RMC, Sandhurst, he was 
commissioned into the Suf- 
folk Regiment in 1928. 

From 1930 to 1938 he was 
in India, serving in 1935 as 
ADC to the Governor of 
Madras, and for the last three 
years as adjutant to his 
regiment's 2nd battalion. He 
then returned home to join the 
1st battalion, of which from 
1943 to 1945 he was com- 
manding officer. 

During the fighting in 
North-West Europe be was 
wounded but returned to duty. 
For his service in this phase of 
his career he was awarded the 

In 1945 he took command 
of a brigade, until posted 
home to attend a staff course 
at Camberiey. From 1947 to 
1949 be was college com- 
mander at the RMA, Sand- 
hurst, and from 1951 to 1954 
commandant of the School of 
Infantry, Southern 
Command. . 

For the next three years he 
was, once again, in command 
of a brigade, and from 1957 to 
1960 a divisional commander 
in the North Midlands. In the 
latter year he was sent to East 
Africa as GOG 

Returning to Europe in 
1963 be commanded a corps 
in BAOR, and from 1966 to ' 
1969 was Military Secretary at 
the Ministry of Defence. 

After his retirement from 
active duty he was, for three 
years, lieutenant at the Tower 
of London, where he is re- 

membered for his quiet but 
deeply felt readings of the 
Lessons at the Chapel of St 
Peter ad Vincula. 

He then settled at his home 
in Suffolk, of which county he 
was a DL, and where he served 
as Vice Lord-Lieutenant from 
1978 to 1983. He had earlier 
served as Colonel of the Royal 
Anglian Regiment. 

Goodwin was a thoroughly 
efficient officer who was, in 1 
addition, gifted with a com- 
puter-tike memory for the 
name, famil y background ami 
service record of anyone 
under his command. 

He married, in 1940, 
Anlhea Mary Sampson, who 
survives him with their three 


Mr Michael Newton, presi- 
dent of the Los Angeles Music 
Center’s performing arts coun- 
cil from 1979 until earlier this 
year, died on October 21. He 
was 53. 

Bom at Fetixstowe and 
educated at Cambridge, he 
went to the United Stales in i 
1958 and became a natural- 
ized citizen. 

He served as a consultant to 
arts councils in 22 states, and 
from 1958 to 1966 was region- 
al information officer for the 
British government He was 
president of the New York- 
based American Council for 
the Arts from 1972 to 1978. 

His tenure in Los Angeles 
saw the adoption of The 
Joflrey Ballet as the centre's 
first resident dance company, 
leading eventually to the cre- 
ation of the Los Angeles 
Music Center Opera. 

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fl m# Bandits ol Batnr Ugming 


Hi jo . K 

.Owwanys ii* Vlj ^r 






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'vo' , u ?l!iJS/2 u ru ** ri «* H» «-»M. Srt 
■ iSf J2!"? •“Kwrty on Uw Lora, and 

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\i - ’• Ml.. • O*? Oaotow 19U> 1986. lo 

, •■’’fls-r . Vif Miranda (ihe Bevtsj and BIIL a 

K-. . / 1,1 hiLi*' 1 3 n_ H angWa 1 . Roste EUzabeih. 

• Veil 23th *986 at 

' 1 'i . Jl *ClV' H? fflUgM- HoswiaL to Araan- 

-:: :;. „ ; h, UpV 5 i twte Stewart) and Robert, a son. 
V. r ‘ ! "Hijra? '‘(.-vJ^^Asttey Robot. 

* ^ [■***!! 

:i: -' ■.■i,Vrts& sr^ss. DavM '” u,OT - j! »” 

•M .. ' ” ^ On 24th October at (be 

».■•■•,■... ! 5 brf3«t ?^^^£Y XEH1 - ts - Oslo to Sarah 

, K: • “Ifi* ^ ki(MaBlitS lrtas ' a ^“Shler. 

V*. ::...., c - “ K *?3i EY .; 071 October 24th at 
„> ‘ ll , lcr s k_ Pembury Hospital Kent CO Nicky u*e 

.' ' Jilt- . tt i t^mSSSS? Loalse . “ sister for Laura, 
i Jr .. _ ' lp -J wlM*?¥£j..P n 0«ober 29U*. to YVeoe 

MV «, _ IIV.J _TriL..r OUb W I *C1K 

... .* ' n> irt.H ^ L.yy.PnniP-adamduer. rannvouwa. 

m ■ •'« ;.** ;•;*• 

mSs&SlF** ■"■ !!afc * S2S SS&'! 

jgf .L-mi . , , . HV..w , ■••!uv[j|,. SWN ILEWOOD - On October 23rd. to 

^ Ww> MK! “nn. I^^Scracwieiaiid WUliam at 

wtilixH :!ir i •“ ■■ !■ ‘ llf - shfl uiS, Hon9 KonB - a tfmaBWer - 

yw. ■ :, ‘ i,; K-oj^-^aa' *WWMR» . On 50O. October at 

Wtx bKr K'lft-m' " ■ *■ -| t . r -; Hospital. to Mary and 

IWMil tVm, , - ’T^ 5 *■■«• - - • ' n P«m- « eon. Henrv Patrick Anselm. 

•WOTPtWu jr*t s. t J|\;«j y 1 ' • -^;i v j S e S !^ WART ■ On October 21st. to CSBb- 

*.*•<• Id Itkc I rvi- . ■•'» , -!.i , .i..t -^Os h*. g^ne «W Maior bn Bennie Stewart 

lUbHMl « •!»« » . ' ^ •' VI. p > 1 ^ ** A • a son- wmam Robert a broth- 

W \?fc- ttv i.':4rtn Tn i POfc Amy Victoria and Alice Mary. 

■BMM i ||| vUfnmiTIfv „ ■*■".■ ;-.^i i„ ' “"0 Ijut WIEE ■ On October 29l» 1986. lo 

t tatal, * ... . r7 - ; : ncd Neua and 1 *^ a son. Frederick IV 

S Hw AWH. ftv>rr OJV- James - a bromer for Bertie. 

*M» Hmlinii ,. 1 •*«!_, W S GIIT ' 011 October 2ist In Cam- 

|M| a» - ; , • „> • ., ■*' “IfTlftn,! 10 K#ren Adt wue) and 

™ 4 WrtthrT % .*- . ■• "'.v'UP.m. ’T^' i rachard. a dau^iter. Rebecca Kath- 

•" i Vlfu-.t ncil ®fe ert, »' a stour for Louisa, 

■ «rt» n«r» l k 

.. ""“ * , '!...l% r ,J 1,1 fc. James Hendrey. 

. 5!*u. 80BEJtTSOH . on 28 th October at 

- .«:. ...,V 1 flll Ppcn ' SS*c££!i^i 0 Rote ‘ n *"** «CK*« 
. MflCaneron a son. Houston Ab». 

• ::5c %hc- e .7' s - V a son. Houston Ate*. 

i- ? . %en 'c5 R ^ 2m^to£!^ ,er for Tow - Thoaias 

•"liiVtSb.^ - On OctoOer 23rd. to 

mtwn pcmt*.r*\ H 1 M . . 

^tfW Id llfcf I dl; !, 

w iwi sift. 

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• • .. , l*th in London. 1 

. -,.). . , Ills om, son of Mr and Mi 

,' * ' >»' II r:TM,„ ^ Blanca to Melanl 

■ •>.•- -. • ,b f [are Mr T D Wh 

• . , . y ,!, i‘ Cbiu Whjnnan or 

•■•• K ' HastiUBwood.Es! 


' •■■' iaTAbS!? «WOTT - On 3C 
:*•■-; • . wv » ,, arc ®at wacerully at ha 
•• * HrtoT Sited 83. widow 

.;<. C.°.ini4 -rT C Jol,n - 60/90 «» 
!■••... ,on « Of Ifcj Much loved xt 
•>■•"■■• kejimrai ' Marleoold. Guy. C 
‘ \rpJu ? u- t r.. mother of Mark. 
. , .. L -* 3 UhX> Victoria. Funeral 
* ‘ *■ • ''JIIiCT ufm J; November 1st at 

, !**£ Parish caiorch. FJ 
•v .... ■' Donations. if deslr 

: ?;■"« fe arvass! 

.... ■-•■•' ^Apoua*. BARKS ■ On 27th t 
' •••• nf > John Sutherland. 

■ "• , •. ,w_. , s 58 Westminster ( 

. ; , * •■■‘•“i.u Street. London. Si 

"'..'riM m k Mortlake Cremat 
v - v- } 3tst October al 4 
■ AiHipva; to Kenyons. 74 R< 

•• • :"• - mih if-,, don. swi. 101 k 

" “w s raw c . n, Ih. rt 


NEMIANL-WOTTBI ■ on October 
llth in London. Bouchaib. youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs Nennanl of Casa 
Blanca to Melanie, daughter of the 
[ale Mr T O Whitten and Mrs J L 
whyman of Glover? Farm, 
Hastmgwood. Essex. 



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i-Ll.'i.f^ KKNOTT - On 30th October 1986. 
, Ul|J lfaaut oraoefuily at home. Lett** Mary. 
•\ Hr ftvl, a 9 e<1 8i .widow of Maior Thomas 
lonrfnft Jol,n - 60/90 King's Royal Hussars. 
“?nri OflA>| Much loved mother of Peter. 
[T 1 Q 1 MarlMokL Guy. CaroUne and grand- 

mother of Mark. Qirfstonber and 
^ 3 UhX> Victoria. Funeral 2.3Q pm. Saturday 
AT utu ^ November 1st at Somerflonl Keynes 
1 ,. 1 ■ k *« Parish Church. Family flowen only, 
'luniifj] Donations, if desired, to Royal British 

■‘Him w Legion fKembeO brsmctu e/a Lloyds 
v , »5 Bank. Clrenoestier. 

J‘kSrouaj; BANKS ■ On 27th October, peacefully 
*J (if v John Sutherland, aged 86 years, of. 
— ... , 58 Westminster Gardens. Maraham 

"•‘•“‘•u Street. London. SWI. The funeral al 
iM m k Mortlake Cremarorium. on Friday 
' p 3 1st October al 4J50 sun. Enquiries 
Aimpian : to Kenyons. 74 Rochisier Row. Lon- 
v*7lh ihfT, don. SWI. (01 834 4624). 

' BOYLE ■ On (he 26th October 1986. 
peacefully in his steep at the West 
Suffolk Hospital in Bury St- Ed- 

I irilin mundsu Captain Richard Courtenay. 

1 11 nAU D.S.C.. DJ — RJM. (Retired), aged 84 
,TTAV years. Husband of Guen. Funeral At ; 

II > Ui\ 2.30 pnt on Wednesday 5th Novem- , 

ber 1986 at SL Faiths. Hexten. near 
• Vmi&T HUchbi. Al his request family and 
close friends only. No Dowers. Dona- 
Arcacs Si Uoos If nequ&vd lo; The Royal Naval 

,. j- BMGH1EN - On October 27th, peaoo- 
- n .;!OE.*n fully at home. Rtvermeod Court. 

- Hurlingham. Edna Tiiian. wife of the 

lale Colonel G S Brighten. A private 
service for close friends and relatives 
■V.'.lWs*" wun» held al Putney Vale Creraato- 
■ „i_'T rhun on Thursday November 6 U 1 at 
■ '■ 12 noon. Cut 8 owns or donations to 

- -■■ j s'npi Guide Doffi for me Blind Aasoriahon. 

CADBURY - On October 29 1986. 

J peacefully al The RenmL York. 

John Anthony, aged 72. dearly loved 
. .,,., 1 — brother of Betty. Ruth and 
inure Katharine. Cyemadon at York. Moo- 
’ T.’ Mila, day November 3 al 1.30 pun. 
Donations, if desired, to Sue Ryder 

. :;-.,rr Iff CHOUMMDCLEY - On October 28th 

u f I 1 986. MBtar Anthony Pitt (retd). The 

- 1 . Gloucestershire Regiment. Beloved 
husband and father. Service:. SL 
, Faith's cre matofluiu . Norwich. 

.,'.r Monday November 3rd at 11J0 am. 

. ;•< GOODWIN . On October 28th. peace- 
r i.n \£ tuny at Bury Sl Edmunds. 

: >vntute 
' «ia. 
.• ‘-.Msaitp 

LE BLANC SMfTB . On October 29th. 
peacefully. Maurice. In hk9lstyear. 
Dearly loved rather of Jane. RoMn 
and Andrew. Grandfather and mat 
grandfather. Funeral Service at SL 
Michael's Church. Lyme Regis. Tues- 
day November 4th at 12J50 pen. 
Donations If desired to- National 
Trust, c/a Wakely LMeflaken. 
L yme Regis. 

BdMBPE - On October 21sL pcocefU- 
ly at her daughters home in Madrid. 
Agnes, formerly of Ndoia. Zhmbfa. 
wife of the late An. much loved 
mother of jtm deceased. Sally and 
Oonagh. loving and loved grandma. 
NORMAN - On October 29th 1986. 
Yvonne <a£e Slade), peacefully after 
a long unices, bravely borne. Much 
loved mother, grandmother and 
friend. Funeral service at Sanatt 
Parish Church. Her tf or dshi re on 
Monday 3rd November al 9<45aja_ 
Flowers in Soman ft Horwood. Ro- 
man Way. CrowelL near Chunter. 
Donations if desfrad to the Sprlngtun 
Cancer Centre and Hospice. 
Cuddbrgton Road. Dlnton. near 
Aylestwy. Bucks, or to Cancer 

O'KANE - On 26th October 1986. sud- 
denly In hospital, of BtondeOsands. 
John Gerard (former Secretaiy of 
the Liverpool University Press) dear 
eemln of Kathleen. Michael and tan- 
ides Reoolem Mass at Sl Joseph's 
Church, BJundeOsands on Monday 
3rd November at 1030. Cremation 
following a! Thornton Crematorium. 
Famtty flowers only but tt desired do- 
nations to The British Heart 
Foundation. 6 Castle Street. Liver- 
pool 2. Further enquiries lo H Leslie 

H um p hr eys Ltd. 051 924 4806 
OWEN - On October 27th. Edward 
Lewis adored son of Helen and 
Nich olas. 

PBEECE - On October 4th 1986. 
peacefully at home, following moats 
faced courageously and with greet 
(tignfly. Margaret, beloved mother of 
Ray and Joan and a Director of 
Woodlands Generators Evesham. 
KOWNCY - On October 3CUh 1986. 
Gloria beloved wife of R L Rowney. 
much loved mother of Michael and 
grandmother of Lorna and Charles. , 
Funeral sendee 3.00 pm Tuesday I 
November 4th. at Eastbourne Cre- 1 
matortum. Flowers to Maine. 19 
South street. Eastbourne. 

SCORER - On 291h October al Lincoln 
County Hospital, after a snort lOress 
very courageously borne. Audrqr 
Segar Veltch. dearly beloved daugh- 
ter of (he late Eric and Maud Scorer. 
Funeral Service. Monday 3rd No- 
vember 2.30 pm at Sl Peter4n- 
Eastgate Church, Lincoln followed 
by private cremation. Family flowers 
only please. Donations. If desired, for 
either SL Barnabas Hospice or Can- 
cer Research Campaign, c/o 
Prlestiey & CocfcetL 64 Boutiham 
Park Road. Lincoln. Td. 0622 

SKM8K - On Tuesday October 28th 
1986. Kenneth Edward Morgan 
. MA. P-tuD- suddenly at borne in 
Wolveibainpitin. So sadly missed by 
Ms wlte Grace, family and friends. 
Funeral Sendee Buriibuy Cremato- 
rium. Wolverhampton on Tuesday 
November 4th at 2JS0 pan. No Dow- 
ers please, but donations lo 
Wolverhampton Branch. Diabetic 
Society c/o Mrs Boiler. 67 Sandring- 
ham Road. Penn. Wolverhampton. 
Enquiries to F Jennings and Sons. 
Wolverhampton 522SL. 
in iur ffON - On October 50th i986u 
Margaret peacefully at The Dorches- 
ter Otolr. aged 92. Widow of Ctndr. 

G A Titterinn R_N.. Much loved 
mother of VMM and Daphne and the 
late Ham and Iris, grandmother and 
great grandmother. FamBy flowers 
only. Enquiries to Harold Miles. 
North Cadbury 40367. 

WARMS - On October 28th. Edward 
Marsden (Eddie), test beloved' of 
Mary and father of Tony. Funeral 
Service al St Giles Parish Church. 
Bramhope. near Leeds on Monday 
3rd November at 12 noon. Enquiries 
to J. Gektart & Sons (Funeral Direc- 
tors). New Road Shle. Horaforth.' 


QEHGIS- A Memorial Service win be 
held for Dr Lttihs- Gergis « St Mark 
Coptic Church. Alien Street- Ken- 
sington on Thursday 6 November at . 
9.00 am- 


randan mow and tv u n mna r oa i no- 
Ha togrOicT.wtlh -Nfarty KewS *. 


Moray House, 2Qi Regent Street, 
wi (Entrance CoJxhJtt SU 
TEL; 01-439 7888 
Sat/Sun/Mon - 1/2/3 November 

WORKING to Jbe Ate Oris winter? ring 
me. n wfli be in yoor Interest 238 3481 

tor me RwciMD of the ARC 2 C State- 
ments wdi be held at Ceotral Halt. 
WnmMn-. on Satorsay. November 
8 U 1 . from Sum to Bom. 

We uror you k> lain wan us 10 pray inal 
rtie Grnrrai Synod ofttie Charm of En- 
quna wu net gve anal approval ion 
Nm ember lOiband l2UU»Uie reaofu 
lions on the Anonran ■ Roman Catholic 
imemaUooal Comnusuon's Flnoi Re- 
eon lARCtO. 

runner infarmalMn from 1 Rmnum 
R eformation SorMy. R O Bon 47. 
Ramunie. Kent CT11 



resista carpets 

MCMA LOOK, win you marry me? 
Patrick wouam. 



Let agent of Krypton intelli- 
gence and dynamic person- 
ality try 10 solve it 

0707 334134. 

HIM— HP. Ian or Maonape. An wo. 
arm. Ooictine. DrM (010)23 AMnodon 
Road. London wa. Tel: 0i-«38 iMt. 

trade BCKTK recovered by 8o- 
BdkHto. Nauonwu*. Tek Ol 
272 4201. 

GALBME cv*a Ltd nrafeMonai ewnct*- 
tun vitae documents. Details: 01-031 

JENMEft. 124 New Bud SL Wl. Ol- 
429 MM 

MONK. London School of Bridge and 
Club. SB Kings Road. SW3. 01-589 

CONVEY AMONG by fUPy guaUfled Bond- 
tore. 080 -» vat and standard 
dMiursaiKHs ring 0244 314398. 


WRITER needs young. eMhustasOc Itter- 
ary agenL criUel lover brefemd. Tel: 
01-247 9422 

WANTED Rural collage in Herts Max 60 
mum north of London. Prior neg 6-12 
months ML Phone 629 2282 day or 


mft B FM -PA ZE Ice-cream fanatic seeks 
NY - London -Sooennuc SonMler. 
Please contact Ol 379 3366 days or Ol 
628 468 6 ovra . 

BOX REQU IRIP at Ascot tar occasional 
days In 1987. Write to BOX 

MAMMNC MEDALS and Ml rotated srtl- 
ctea wanted. Tel 01 229 9618. 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian ana afl 
muted furnUunt. Mr ASMon Ol 947 
S946. 667-069 carratt Lane. EaririabL 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and an 
palmed furniture- Mr Mm ov 947 
0946; 667-069 Garran Lane. EarteflHd. 
SWI 7. 

148 Wandsworm Bridge Rd 
Pamons Grrtn SW6 

TekO 1-73 1-3368/9 

Firm ENtmates-Expert fitting 


Dust mUn may be a cause of Asmnu- 
Ctnw. Rhlntus and euwr allergic 

New ions Room Spray kins 
thmtmius. safety, easily. 

For hdiei send stamp to 


EDM TT. 2 Mount Place 


A RM las tesn os m M gaao nSBtMS. Ro 
cesc • am dsn or Sauti Mm awnam dn 
too ptemed rimscti you & asrraas fen wdi 
UPtes to mtiB^Rteas ten ady D6pm «M 

“""markotn pianos 


Annoy fees. SETS 
01 BM 4517 


EST. 1811 


New PUmo Showroom now open 
Special offers en exteung 

rofursunmeoi suck. 

Low cost cruut terms avaUme. 



01 491 2777 

HARPSKHOROi William dr Bate model 
‘A*, ample manual El 900. Tel. 0491 

LAMES Leonora skin reed for sale. Fam- 
Uy Mfftoom. Offers. Reply lo BOX H03. 

UP RIONT PIAISO fflrurkmr. walnut raw] 
Good conomotk. £470 ono 01-022 8104. 

I s l lpi skteboara bow fronted UBO ono 
No deatereTM 0982898524 aft BDOpm 

BAROADB The VUlage. NWI. New. luity 
turn A (quipped. 2 bed. lux nai. 
£82.000. Devetoppers prim, unfum. 
£79.9961 0403 82242. 

REDCUPFE CANKM First door flat. 3 
beds, urge recepuon. icdcheo/brsskrasf 
room. oMb. lease US vr £i29JtoO Tel: 
Ol 488 2790 

LAME newly conv n very nigh stan- 
dards dMe bdrm tut tit Ige send- 
dffaicned vtclortan hse. mod kn/bUi. 
gcti, dDte stated, new cuts, entrance 
Min. sound Ins. comm gdns. £41 JOOIM 
Ol 778 6402 



Worldwide low cost flights 
The best • and we can prove n 
195.000 clients since 1570 
£374 £000 

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Euro oeAJSA FngUs 01-957 5400 
LOW HM FngMa 01603 IBIS 
and 01-937 9631 
19/Bssta m dass 01938 3444 
Cnmemt umsmIBnm 


Summer *87 advance boo ktn g s. 
spaepu oRere at ’Mprou. 
Only direct from 

Ventura Holidays 

Tri London 01201 0486. 
Tel Sheffield 0742 331 100 
Tri Manchester 061 834 0033 


Return Ref uni 

JCTBURQ/HAft £465 OOUALA £420 


DQJB0M8AY E350 MIAMI £330 



162/iSS ttagsitt Sc. Wl 
TEL: 01-*3nES5«/7« 

LMS 8 GnM> Bookngs VWconw 


Sasnd adnea »d guamoe on 

(03727) 43S0 


MBMHf N DM hBHUB ol Tawi 8 Taum 


NalrobL Jo-Burg. Cairo. DUbaL 
btanbuL Singapore. KJ- DriM. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. * The Americas. 



Puma. Bsr’B-Ones 8. Parties 

Mcnbd. Votncr. Champcry. Mrprvc 
GmnheveL Lcs Deun A^res A 
Catered Oak's lid of Fits 
SanmptNWS food, fanriy diato* St 
tcm&e a in io qihne - cum by yoanctf 
wnb a few nends or compfetay fill ■ 

Ring 01-370 0999 ANOL 1820 


QUALITY not quanto? 7 
REAL Service 
FREE Wine 

TRULY Indcpcodint Go. 

0484 548996 

JtMT PIUMCC ■ Super vatue srif CMenng 
tw Hobday* in the brw Frenrii more 
Ring lor new brochure now. Tel 01-789 
2892. ABTA 09206 AIM 1383 

SMI WEST - KWI Special offer* on 
amaitoriy low prim Martina al £89. 
uk tor a copy of our bumper brochure, 
toil 785 9999. AMa 69206 Aloi 1383. 


seeks a nice furnished house to rent for 
Its LONDON MANAGER. Location be- 
tween Heathrow and HatmuersmlUi 
with own entrance and parking. 
Please contact Mrs LOCSEAU. 
bM Victor Hugo. 92115 CUChv. 


Tel (I) 47 39 33 05 

For me oca 
rente! Mire tern of 

in prime London arm* 



270 Earta Court Road. SW5 

01-244 7355 

UTILE VEMm/MaWa Vale W9 Braun 
lutiv spanouh 2 <nrt bed b»m. 2 turn* 
Him -.bower, brand new Ml. huge 
Utbag/dJiunii- oienoaUng aunny m/I 
40fl gdn I min walk from IVbe & Mm. 
A Manning friMlenne avaiuoleo mihm to 

3 vr* CKO pw. Ol 280-7409 

FMDOM RD MU Newly emweried luxu- 
ry isi floor flat. Qufei mktenual street 
wire raw free panuog. um men . 2 
Mk. K and B. OCH. £103 pw. Co. Irt 
only. TrL- Ol 998 4420. 



Wr at* Nratrit lo antMumr the open 
mg of Heruora* umc we t an alter a 
■elmnifl Of Irato ftefho. I R ? Bed 
WillMiUi srrvired b day* pw. 24 
hour portrraur 

wp unite sou to nre 
along A «h-w 


Ol 493 0887 


trad for dMomaei. everutom. Long 5 
short lets m all areas. Upfnrod k Co. 
48. Albemarle Sl Wl. 01-499 9334 



* grout 


25.loaH re sunny house wtlh two other 
gin*. Own room £45 pw Inrtualve. Tel 
01-003 7583 after 7.00pm. 

CAMBERWELL Basement flat to Ige h*e. . 
CH. gam. 2 prof mates 20-30's. £280 
PCM. E*CL Ateo O/R In toe M. N/S. 
£36 PW. ExcL 01 737 4937 after 0pm 

SWI nghtanace and grand eur. Own 
room: sharing magnMcvnt oat S1I2 
per weak Inclusive. Tel: Ol 6B9 0910 

70 Srenemury Avenue 
London WIV 7DC. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 










R«a cw 















Hoag Ko»0 





• L.w & 

Lieutenant General Sir Richard 
Goodwin, aged 78 years. Adored 
husband of Anthea and much loved 
lamer and grandfather. Funeral for 
family and close friends aiSL Mary’s 
Church. Bury Sl. Edmonds at lOam. 
Monday November 3rd. Family 
flowers only lo: L Fulcher. 80 Whit- 
ing street. Bury Sl Edmunds. 
Donations if wished to: Motor Neu- 
rone Disease Association. 61 
Derogate. Northampton. NN1 IUE. 
A Memorial Service win be an- 
nounced later. 

HRSCH - On October 29th at home 
after a tong Illness bravely toughL 
Stephen- Loving husband Of Kyra 
and dearly loved father of Nicola and 
Andrew. Funeral Service at Putney 

Vale Crematorium on Monday 3rd 
November al 2 pm. No flowers 
please, tty request, but donations If 
desired to Cancer Treatment and Re- 
search Trust. Charing Cross 
Hospital, Fulham Palace Road. Lon- 
don W6. 


PEAMi - Major P.R.G Bth Royal tonls- 
kBUng Dragoon Guards. Kfiled on 
NATO exercise. ‘Eternal Triangle*. 
Remembered with love and with 


ART - My beloved, light of ay Uffe. 
Willi rue ray heart is laden. TUI we 
meet again. Ever your Mouse. 
GLAUS - On 15ih July 1986. Rosalie, 
an angd sent by heaven from 13th 
May 1921 to 15th July 1986. Parted 
In body, but everlastingly together in 
sgtriL'l am yours ant you are mine 1 
until the Stars Forget to Shine.' 

H and A 

NMULUMY . on her Birthday. 
“Feta** (FeBcfiy Gray) 191«-1986. 
Dancer. Choreographer. Teacher, 
wife and mother. "And some we 
loved m e tovtest and die best.** 
PBEECE - Margret Elizabeth loving 
mother lo her Ibmtty. m most loving 
and ftajwy memory on this your 
Birthday- Joan and Ray. 
ntOSKEL - David MJ>_ MJLCP- 
October 31st 1983. Dearly beloved 
husband of uu and father of Harold 
and Anthony. 

Science report 

• Ktonc #!«♦*[ •' 

British siesta might 
improve efficiency 

By Peter Brock 

THE fUM ROUKHwe FREE cretin 
over 1 year IAPR Ml Low Interest 
ram over 2 yean (APR 9&V) A 3 yearo 
fAPR i22W Written quMarieoa. Free 
Hate lOte te . 30* Hlghoue Road. NWS. 
01-26 7 7S7 1. 

X BEAUTIFUL BectaWn Grand*, rensf- 
rians Utetrumenn. good price tor wrick 
rate.0 1 686 4981. 

STEBK fTAHO. Bate Grand. Walnut. 
Fine piece of tanutnre. EtecaHeot condi- 
UOfi. £1.400 ono. Tei 10223} 277396. 
BRHWTS OF NKirLEBED Orippemteto 
and Stmlon style during furniture 
made ip order. Over 50 dtawg suites al- 
ways available tor Immediate delivery. 
NetUebed. near Henley on Thames 
(04911 MIUS. Bo ur ntmoum (0202) 
29358a TOtoftem. Devon <OS9287> 
7445. Berkeley. Otae (0463) 010902. 
FBSEFT auaiuy wool carpels. At irade 
prices and imder. ateo avaoabie 100 ^ 
extra. Large room atm nermann under 
half normal price, cuaaceiy Caroen Ol 
406 0468. 

tight Exp. Chess. Lcs Mis. AD theatre 
and sports. 

TW: 821 -6616/8280496. 

AX* / visa / Diners. 

MTMOAY DUET Give »o«nee«ieaportgt- 
nai Times News p aiiei dated (he very 
day they were born. £1260. 0492- 

NEW PASTEL nrink lacfcef by Edeison. 
ttte 12. Cost £1.300 (vatuatimi bvaB- 
abteL Often around £860. Tet 0882 
697248 (Beds) . 

SEAHMBEBS. Bmt tieken for an taM- 
ore meres. Our cheat* induce nut 
major companies. Creriu cants accepted. 
01-828 1678. 

IK THES inwm other Uttes 
avau. Hand bound ready lor presenta- 
Han also "SOndoiA". ng.ffO_ 
Remember When. 01-688 6325- 
CATS. CHESS. Les MK. All theatre and 
sport. Tri 439 1763. AH major credit 

CHUM RANDOM* W & R RotheoMetn. N 
Hspple. Ken Howard. C Wright B 
ManflL 0277 222269. 

ENttUSN setter pupptes: nine. « Dftches. 5 
dogs-'CnCeltont breeding. Ready Dec. 
(04B8J 202 657 

WWm /f WtfiW . cookers, etc. Can 
you buy Cheaper? BAS Ltd. Ol 229 
1947/84 68. 

steed. uprighL BriJ-Jfkr tone. Timed. 
J37S. m m Commion. oi «a oioa. 
■EMU I E. control power racing booL I See. 
SO Mm. m perfect condlttoo. £300 ono. 

wn» OOTTAOE Young female share 
ftaf. O It. non smoker. Brand new llnfu* 
ry IBM. CSSpw net. Tel.Ol 444 3227 
Frt. evening all. 6.00pm or 0992 
447711 iOi Moo onworas. 

EASY OOBSQ Young proftarional re- 
qufrra tor wonderful newly decorated 
Muswgu H8I DML own room & aB mod 
cons. £180 pm exri. Tel: 01 444 46B5 
FLATMATES Setective Shartog. Wea 
•stab Introductory service. Pise tel tor 
appG 01-689 8491. 313 BTOmpum 
Rood. 8WS ■ 

PUTNEY HHL Large lux bpl Sun prof. m. 
30* to share with another. O/R- CH. 
Notvorooker preferred. Carage. £200 
pan t Mb. 788 9066. 

MM. RMemcaun Park. 2nd F. n/ s to sto- 
mM. hoi n aL O wn iSrie rm « bath. 2 
mins TUPe.CTOnwmcL 741 5051. after 
6p m. 

WANTED M Student seeks O/R in young 
shared hm/llaL W14. SW6. SWT. Max 
£40pw axe. TeL 01 381 8969 Or 0045 
87 2721 days or eves. 

Mi ANTED prof flatmates <28 ph«J rag to 
form syndicate to dad ftsi central Lon- 
don. Tel Ol 488 1313 ea 4067 or Ol 
686 2759 fevea/ we) 

WISWI mlril Prof person. N/S. To share 
comr hM. orn. CH. AB ftaiisnea. Nr 
mnaport. CUB pan. 01 947 6669 

CNEISCA Pleasant rm. CK enmity house. 
£100 pcm Ind + 4 hrs housework week- 
ly tin end May. Tri Ol 562 7368 
CHELSEA * Swa . Female. O/R. In targe 3 
bed c/h fM. £47 per week, tel 362 39 17 
after Sum. 

CLAPHAM COMMON / Battersea. Share 
home. CH. Storic room. £46i*w. DM 
room ETOpw. Prof only. Ol 223 7262. 
CLAPHAM SOUTH Prof girl. n/%. share 
super house. £200 Ina. Tel: Ol 673 

2ND PROF M/F. Nice house - Battersea. 
£48 pw efie ■ own room, share facilities. 
Tri: 01-608 2908 (after 6_30prn}. 

SW11 F tor O/R In lux 5 bed home near 
Wandsworth Common. £180 pan txd. 
Te LOi 886 1870 after 7 pm. 

SWL Prof person. 26+ . n/ s. a/ r In eft 
flat. £218 pcm. Inci. Tri: 730 10Q2. af- 
ter 6pm. 

Stefas llghi room, quiet house, sun grad. 
M. 25 +. Cycle welcome. £270 pcm. 
Tri: 01-671 3241. 

SW8 M/F 20f. Own double room. 
Friendly shared itaL £00 pw «ud. Fri 
01 654 5161. W/E Ol 381 1536. 

NCI: Room tn Oat In gtraen Square- Ea- 
critestt condition. £160 pcm me. TetOl- 

W KIN Prof F n shre lovely house. dbJe 
rm. WH. CH. Central. £250000 UK. 
TetiOl 726 8686/741 5127. 

HugeDHraunaAvaUan iriACmbOssc 


21 Swallow Sl London Wl 
. 01-459 2100/437 0637 

AM TICKETS SnecialMs New YPrtc £229. 
LA/San Francisco £329. 

Sydney /Meantime £ 769. AH daily di- 
rect nights. Dana* 130 Jcrmvn 
StreeLOl 899 7144 

MINUUN Air Fares. Caribbean. 
Aurirabaria, USA. Africa. Far East A 
India. GkriaecreM Travel 01-737 
0609/2162. ABTA 

CU3I CUTTERS ON fHridi/hori to Eu- 
rope. USA A RUM destination* 
Diploma! Travel; 01-730 2201. ABTA 

coonis. Sunworid TTsveL (03727) 

CHEAP FLMHTS WorMwtde. Haymarket 
01-930 1366. 

DISCOUNT FARES Worldwide; 01-454 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

SOUTH AFRICA for Christmas Special 
rales. Maior TraweL 01 488 9257 Iata 

SPAIN. Portugal. Cheapen tores. Blgglev 
Ol 735 8191. ABTA ATOL. 

wtde. Tri U.T.C. <07881 857036. 

FLKHIBOOKXNS DNcouni Fares wgnt- 
wide. lri/ecntomy. 01-387 9100 

■ £1877 
sort! Co- 
its of fun 
Pt. Rtng 

CH R IS TMAS in Courchevel. Have a ton 
Packed traditio n al Alpine C hris tm a s 
with ALL the Hmmtngri For only £239 
A free holidays for groom. Map Ski 
Bonne Nrige- Ol 544 7335 
BEST VALUE far January, staffed chalets 
tn Switzerland with Games. 01 223 

MhM. vniars. Megeve. Contort, ser- 
vice, great, riding- Phone Ol (CQ 9766, 
SK1WORLD Top Bid Resorts. Lowest 
Prices from £59. ABTA. Brochure: 01 
602 4826. 

domestic! I 


WDCMNDTOH Spadous south faemp man - 
stem flat. 4 bed*. 2 re cm. ■ riuoy. 2 
baUw. t/I kitchen. tin /porter, 
unfurn/furn Long Co Lei. £365 pw 
Tel: 01-602-8680 

IMELSCA-Fumbhfd PauoFiat- 1 bed- 
room. (Wed kitchen, showerroom . 
Reception room. Own entrance, c/h . 
£150 pw. Ol 589 2200 anytime 

F N CAPP (Management Servnrrsi Ltd re- 
qutrr properties in Cralral. South and 
West London Areas lor wpiung appii- 
cams let Ol 221 8838. 

have a Ige selection of hmurr 1/2/5/ 
4 Bedroom Rais wHh maid service, mte- 
noe designed & murally located. Avail 
Now Gorina nghl Ptopsties 727 3060 

BRAND new lux house In private cres- 
cent. EB few mu» cuy. 5 bed / 2 bath 
private 00 hi. parking, dtriiwasner He. 
£250 pw or Bharera. Tri 065322 73a 

HYDE PARK BATE. SW7. 2 superb utra 
modern interior docKmed flat* avail. 2 
dMe brdfmo. dUe reception. 2 balho. 
can Realty Oi-sbi 0012 

MADIA VALE 2 double bedroom nai ID tel 
tor 1-2 persons. Fully furnished. Gch 
Near tube. 6 mem Its mlntnumi te«. £650 
pan axel. Tri 01-423 416a 

WX Available 3 to 6 months. New fir. 
nuhed. luxury studio. £1 75 pw and l 
bed apartment. £250 pw. Purler, lifts. 
Company tet Ol 367 38&1. 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats A houses 
£200 - £1.000 per week. TrL Burgess 
£81 5134 

ISO SUPCNTNAVEL ■ stm nave a few va- 
cancvn for cook* 4 ehalri guts. MiM be 
over 21- AvaUable for fuH season De- 
cember *06 to April -87 rang now on: 
01-689 £161. 

WORLD* LARGEST Ate Pair Bureau, 
offers m/hdps. dams, all Hvrfn Matt. 
U.K. A Overseas Au Pair Agate Ltd. 87 
Repeal St London W.l 01 439 £034 


BKADUATE girt. EngHrii and tiPouHics. 
ROOL tecturer in Higher Education 
seeks chaUenging post London. Reply to 
BOX A 70 

CMAUFFEUK/Vah-i /Houseman. Staple 

man aged 46, al pcvsenl with Royally 
reoulrr* postoon totomuyorringteem- 
ployer. London or country. ExceiteM 
u leie m e s . 25 years experience privaM 
service. Reply to BOX 071. 


■ARCOURT TERRACE Ctote to The Bri- 
tans SWIO Large weft rurntthed ton 
floor studio DM wiui balcony and roof 
garden. Own Han. Kitchen. Batiwoom. 
Large -audio room, c/h 070. pw 
availaMe new. Co Iri preferred. Rtag Ol 
370 1465 

Ot 441 1111. 

t-w - 

•» le- _ _ 

: 'ft *. 1 


MJ-lOee i ‘VS* 

. no. v.-i a. 

iR*m.lAc J4 XBri-K-.* 1 

* » : 

The siesta, far from being 
jnst a traditional Latin custom 
of resting dnring the heat of 
the day, might one day become 
part of Britain’s way of life, 
especially among skilled peo- 

higber levels of accnracy but 
the performance of the night 
workers after they had eaten 
continued to worsen. 

The effects of noise, a 
hissing sound from a kmd , 


pie who have to maintain high speaker, produced a fall in 
levels of concentration. efficiency before the meal 

Physiological and psycho- (compared with people work- 
logical evidence is accnmnlat- ing in quiet cs^dEtions) hot it 

,--+*4 N UM 

into- r 
ms. l#* 

- A#*- v*"* 

gtiMSAnN ri * tww * 

al ih •fsk.-v^*-’ 

a Ml 4 (Ste iwJuubV J 

fK bit t-.toM! S I-' 1 F-* ** 

tUfttf fw4d * * ft* V * '■ 1 

0 wh e t* *«*■■** *■ 44 

m i *«- 4 ; 


* Mm ***** 
mmm ' v 

bar w» ******* * n ‘ : * 
9 * •*> ■ 

' * ing of a fairly heavy loss rf 
... mental efficiency after lunch 
; and supper; the latest fin dings 
‘r-’ have cone from dr Andrew 
’ .' Smith, of the Medical Re- 
search ComtaTs perceptual 
■■■ - "I'j, and cognitive performance 

- J/ unit at Sussex University. 

- ^ Dr Smith and a colleague. 

Dr Christopher Miles, studied 
die combined effects of noise 
,r Js ] and nightwork on people 
carrying oat complex tasks. 

. .» > The subjects were 24 students 
r" from the university, 12 men 
£ ' l and 12 wtnwn. 

- They were divided into 
- r ;. k groups that underwent testily 
V:- *■ either at nmht and then by 
i' day, or dnrins the day and 
then at night The experiments 
O'v', consisted of a variety of corn- 

had only a marginal effect 
after a nieal had been taken. 

Dr Smith says that ft would 
be tempting to suggest that ah 
increase in noise after a meal 
provides a stumlas, bat the 
statistical differences between 
tbe groups can not support the 
idea of an simple arousal 

Instead, he argues that 
muse seems independently to 
affect the same physiological 
and psychological mecha- 
nisms as food while other 
effects are influenced by the 
time of day. 

The psychologists studied 
personality traits, giving each 
subject the Eysenck test. 
Those with the lowest levels of 

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overlooking land use of) Square gar- 
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Rm. £326pw. Cories 828 8MI- 
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790 9660 

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HShed briars. £275 PW esedustve. WLE 
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Lux Mats idol bed lee rec idt/riner i 
min lugn st £i75pw tad 938 2395 
don from £325 pw plus VAT. Ring 
Town Moose Apartments 373 3433 

MMM VALE 5 Bed mention ItaL 
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pw. IN 722 8476 after 6pm. 
WSHBEUKIN 2 double bedroomM ftiBv 
rum iw wlUi CH. Co tet. £126 pw. 947 

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view evenings or w/e. 947 3130 CTJ. 
LUXURY furnished houses. (Hampauadl 
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nished flats A houses, from £l50pw- 
£3.000 III Keostnpton A NtiYoODdlng 
areas. Betlium t Reeves. 01-930 3522. 
lunusluM nai now available 3 room. 
UL hath. 00 LeL £126 P.w. EX rates. 
Tel: Mary Ol 736 7133 Ext 53 
CM T V 24 hr 8w. Telex, comngham 
Apartments. 01-373 6306. 

JUSTICE NO 007307 of I486 

lam '•** on mr To, Ortahrr 1986 
prrvmrd to Her iammvi kma court of 
JiMwe l« the ramirauUon ri me 
red union al me rapdri of the above 
namM Utimpanv Irnm C4 400.000 to 
C2.200 00Q m> retunuoa raoiui taiwn m 
m o we* of th e.wansi of me Onowir 
I hr Ufd Prauon ■■ ihrerled la be heard 

Mar the Honour ante Mr Justice 

Mrnyn ftnin m Ihr Royaj Coum of 
JuRire Strand London WQA 2LL on 
Monday the lOm day ri November 1980 

ANY creditor or SluirftoUi-r of Ole mm 
Commix dnurtng lo ooow uw nMn ri 
an Ordrr for tar ronilrnHIKm of me wsd 

ndnrtiM of raodal should appear at the 
taw Of hearing in person or tti Counri 

lor llul auroove 

A ropy ri the vatd Peuuon wiH be lur 
■ustird 10 any murh person iruitinnp Ibr 
varre hv the tmdei trenUOned MAIM on 
aavmnH M Ine reguiaifd rhargr for Inr 

Dated dsn 38th day nf Oruibri t««o 

CnamJtoc Honr 
Aft Chancery Lane 
London WC2A ICL 
hriteitor jar ire above named iwnwii 

No Hltatan 

NMirp tv herein glvrn nmunl lovoian 

1.5 ul I he Companies Art lOfta I rut 

1 The anosr named Cumpanv has aj» 
prosed j paimrnl out ol rarital lor 
I he Purpose m aguttin M* own 
shares nv pure nose. 

2 Tne amonoi of I he permU s iMr capital 
Daymen! mm I he snare* u\ dunam n 
123.000 and lire lesaltiuon apwov Ina 
surh Daymen i oui o* canuu ssav 
Pasted ->n 22 Octutrer I98D 

3 The stalutorv declaration of me 
dir print's mid the auauocv rentMt te 

uuired be sertion ITS ol the said Art 
■up js jtLuue lor mspeclKm al Uir 
tomMiu-'s rpdtdpieri offtre at Pontiac 

Worn, rernbana Road Ascot. Berks 
4. Am ri editor ri the ronuMiiv may at 
anV IHMe ssilhiD Use llse MAS itnmr- 

tUalrlv Iri loss mg 22 onnoer 1086 
apply to IheCmui under vnnn 17h 
•4 Ine sold An lor an order ptOtaMung 
the paympni 




tin Voluntary Ltoutdauoni 

O editors of the abuse named Cmtioanv 
a>e reouned on or before Friday 14th No 
s ember lotto lo vend their names and 
addresses and pantrutars or Iheir debts or 
rlaum to the unttprsnjnrd Richard An 
drew Sepal of IH Drnefiurel Gardena. 
Woodford Write. Essex, tea OCA the Lto 
hud tor ol Ihp void comnapy and if so 
reqsured by notice in writing from the said 
Lraibdalor are lo rame in and prove Uievr 
fcnd drris or rlama al surh lime or Dian- 
as slum be spent led in surh notire or m 
default thereof they wih bee* eluded rrara 
the benefit ri any tusinbuilon made be- 
fore surh debts are proved 
Dated inn lOUi day of October 1986 


JUSTICE NO 007895 Of 1985 

By Order u me Kton Court of Jihiw 
dated 23rd April 1986. >. Ian Godfrey 
HtgMey. Chartered Arrounlant of Messrs. 
Hfrjniev 6 Company. 5 Sidmauin Street. 
Readum. Berkshire hasp been appointed 

I iquidator of Use above named Company 
All driti* and damn should be arm to me 
Dated thu 31st day of Or Loner 1985 




to Seetlan 588 of Ihe Companies Art 1985 
Utat a Meeting ot Use Ctmmi of Protects 
■Wane Water Treatment) limned- win be 
held u the efflm ri Leonoid Curtis 4 
Partners. 3rd Floor. Peter House. Oxford 
SarreL Manrhesler Ml 5AB on Wednco- 
day Use 5th day of November 1986 at 

I I oo o'clock in ihr fomsooajor the pur 
nows provided for ta Section 589 and 

Doled Ute 22nd day of O rtober 1986 


nncorpor a ta d in cnu*.i 


Conn of use Balance Ssee» of Ute 
above crnnoaMra as al December 31. 
1986 are available and may be obtained 
Irons inis outre awing normal (Harness 

October 29. 198b 
60 Finsbury Stiuarr 
lonOOti EC2A IDO 

to serums 688 of u»p Companies Art 1985 
fhaia Meeting of use Creditors of Protects 
Protects Limited, will be beta altht offices 
of Leonard Curtis 4 Partnrrv 3rd Fleer. 
Peter House. Oxford Street. Manchester 
Ml SAB on Wednesday Ihe ton day ri 
November 198b ai 12.00 neon tor the 
ourpows provided lor us Seri tors 589 and 

Dated the 22nd day ri Orworr 1986 


By Order ri Ihe High Court of Justice 
dated the 14m day ri July 1985. Metvyn 
L Rote FCA ri LMgra House. 250 
Klngibury Road. London NW9 OBS. has 
been appouurd Lknmuior ri Ihe above 
named Company with a Committee o t 

Dated this aid day ri Oewner 1986 

By Order of ihe High Court 
ttaird the 22nd January 1986. 

Nmdlr Erktey FCA Of 332 Brtpnuui 
Road. South Croydon has been appomtea 
UauMalor ri Ihr above-named Company 
with a Comnultee ri lirtperuon 
Dated 24ih Ot loner !SK6 


consisted of a variety of com- anxiety , **tbe laid bock type , nBHRHHyHK. 
plicated tests before aad after showed the greatest loss of harry secombe SAYS; 
eating, and throoghont the effiriency after Imch ai tho^h nr^rni £,_-_ r 
project their meals consisted the effect was less pronounced Wilat iiavcX^gOt 

of soap, two - sandwiches, a among night woricera. that I CA.rit tnvF?* 

fruit pie, fresh fruit and tea or . Dr Smith, fold Tie Tima o 

rnfiee. that the siesta ms one way to Diabetes is not infectious but 

.. ^ fruit pie, fresh fruit and tea oar . Dr Smith, told lie lima 

; v. ’ coffee. thatthe siesta was one way ta 

’■ An example of the sort of counter the loss of coucentra- 
•v- '' tests they were asked to do tiou and efficiency after meals. 
> • involved tracking numbers His work and that of other 
?;.* presented at the rate oflOO per scientists demonstrates that 

: v. minute on a visual display areas of industry, commerce 
screen. The object was to ami defence employing people 
identify specific groups of to nse sustained attention, 
"‘-numbers, pressing buttons shoaM include a closer look at 
•' V. ../ when they did so. a person’s nutritional and 

\ There was a significant loss personality profile so that 
' v'jj.'V 0 f efficiency after mealtimes, measures can be built into the 
. 1 '^both dmfef the day and at work routine. 

>;• night. The techthne perf&r- Source: The British Journal of 

I / maoce gradually returned to Psychaiontv, 1986. 

Source: The British Journal of 
Psychology. 1986. 

Diabetes is not infectious bu( 

It can strike anyone.. It is still 
incurable but we can figtu 
ihe damage and suffering it j 
can cause -every year more 
lhan 1,500 children develop 
diabetes, (he. hidden disease. 

Join us >n die 

UghL VCknced /gKTNm 
vourheip -Now 



10 Quwn Anne Street London 
WtMOBD hi I II Win v. .-i-rev 



43 Qnat Omoad Street, 

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For EaM-Aitetralla. CaH (hr 
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Tri 01 2S4 6788 

WMTT> SUN spectate Prior* to Cysrus. 
Malta. Morocco. Greece. Malaga ffc Te- 
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Ol 734 2532. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga etc. gnond 
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Singapore £487. Other FE CUM*. 01-684 
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SRAM Portugal Caaria Greece OWa/tr 
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SYD/HKL £635 Pent! £568. AU maker 
carriers lo Ain/NZ. 01-584 7371 

SYDNEY /MELBOURNE. For. cnrttmaa 
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Masters. 021 444 8611 
TVWHA. For your holiday wtwrr iia atilt 
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ALL Uft CTTKft. Lowes (ar es oo maior 
BchMulM carriers. 01-584 7371. ABTA 

WEEKEND or Wm*&. Honeymoons or 
2nd Honeymoons Discover the Matfr 
of Italy's roman Be cities tn Aunuta or 
w truer. Cali 01-749 7449 for your 
free colour brochure. Magic or Italy 

Ctepl T. 47 StMVhKds Bucn Great. Lon- 
don. Wlfl BPS. 

TAKE ram err to Pari*. Amsterdam, 
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So. Qi ester One. London. Swix 7BO. 
01236 8070. 


The ftaast nouus tor muaL 73 St 
Jantei SL SWI 01 491 0602. 
WUUMUItA m 1481 Ftorway. Noyl 
coarse. Private villa Nov/Mar Sr top- 

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BBC for 

Con tinned from page 1 
named many comments 
which most upset the Tory 
party are shown through 
examination of the full 
transcipt to be hers, particu- 
larly her last words: “We’ve 
had no word from him (Col 
Gadaffi) about the death of his 
daughter - she's already been 

In the report of the revenge 
killing two days later the BBC 
was accused of using language 
likely to alarm the audience 
and to suggest that the Gov- 
ernment had put the nation in 
danger. The broadcast's open- 
ing words: “Good evening. | 
Britain is paying the price for j 
supporting America’s attack: 
on Libya” was “an inexcus- 
able departure from straight- 
forward news coverage.” 

The dossier states: “It was 
not an attempt to provide 
news but to prey on people’s 
emotions and fears in a fash- 
ion which should find no ■ 
home in any respectable 
broadcasting operation.” 

The studv concludes: “BBC j 
coverage of these events reprc- 
sen ted a serious and signifi- j 
cant failure to achieve 
professional news coverage 
which can only serve to under- j 
mine the principles of public ; 
service broadcasting ...The 
BBC did not offer objective 
evidence so much as a highly- 
flavoured editorial view. 

“ It prompts charges of 
professional incompetence or, 
even worse, prejudice. This 
could be held to have arisen 
either through bias or incom- 

Mr Tebbit’s dossier was 
reported to a meeting of the 
BBC board of governors yes- 
terday. The corporation 
promised a response after 
careful corporation. 

Meanwhile BBC journalists i 
involved in the bulletins 
maintained that their reports j 
were fair and unbiased. 

Britons leave their mission impossible 

Letter from Moscow 

Island of devotion 
in sea of atheism 

The Soviet Union may be Mw* a* - 

SSR£^£3 L£w SSm^j.-n-S S 
SS»- not 'SJFSSZ 

bizarre relationship between 

church and state. 

Nowhere is greater atten- 
tion already concentrated on 
preparations for the 1988 
nulleimiiun (which senior 
churchmen hope the Pope 
will be permitted to attend) 
thaw at the unique factory in 
the madefy village of Sofnno, 
30 mSes from the capital, run 
by the Moscow Patriarchate. 

Known modestly as a “re- 

ugious i me lot- 

tery boasts a turnover of 
about £45 million a year from 
its workforce of 1,500, who 
produce an the artefacts 
seeded for the estimated 
7,500 working Orthodox 
churches spread throughout 
foe Soviet Union. 

Although Soviet fen? pre- 
vents the conation of the 
exact number of believers, 
foe fact that at Sofrmo they 
are turning out some 6,000 
baptismal crosses an hour 
and 1 J millio n devotional 
candles a day gives an insight 
to the extent to which reEgum 
here continues to thrive de- 
spite bitter communist dis- 

In an extension of the 

3bSSw?C*A. •,> ;; 

London: Dr Haydar, foe Syrian Ambassador, leaving his London embassy with a police escort yesterday, while staff move goods into a waiting taxi. 

Anger at pay offer to teachers 

Continued from page I 
package, agreed by the Cabi- 
net yesterday, is not nego- 
tiable at when foe unions and 
their employers meet in Not- 
tingham in an attempt to find 
a settlement to the long- 
running dispute. 

Under the package, the 
maximum salary for most 
classroom teachers will be 
£ 1 2.700 a year, compared with 
a Coventry maximum of 
£1 4.500. The best teachers wflf 
be able to earn £15,500 in 
primary schools and £17,500 
in secondary schools. The 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother attends a service to 
mark the fortieth anniversary of 
the National Association of 
Almshouses. Westminster Ab- 
bey 11.25. 

Princess Anne attends a ban- 
quet given by the Metropolitan 
and City Police Company Fraud 
Department to celebrate the 
fortieth anniversary of the 
formation of the department, 
Guildhall, 7. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 

maximum salary for the heads 
of foe biggest schools will be 
£30,500 and for deputy beads 

The increases would be paid 
in two instalments, 8.2 per 
cent on January 1 next year 
and 8.2 per cent on October 1 
next year, meaning that teach- 
ers will have a 25 per cent rise 
in the two years to next 

Mr Malcolm Rifltind. Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, 
said he would introduce the 
same increases if the teacher 
unions again accept foe Main 

President, the Royal London 
Society for the Blind, attends the 
“Limelight Ball”, the Dor- 
chester hotel 8.10. 

New Exhibitions 
The Making of the Canterville 
Ghost; Octagon Gallery, Na- 
tional Centre of Photography, 
Milsom St Bath; Mon to Sat 
9.30 to 5.30 (ends Nov 29). 
Exhibitions in progress 
Threads; international textile 
exhibition: recent work by 42 
international textile artists; 
Festival Gallery, Aldebnrgh, 
Suffolk: Mon to Sun 10 to 6 
(ends Nov 2). 

Committee's recommenda- 
tions on contracts and con- 
ditions of service. 

Mr Giles Radice, foe 
Opposition education spokes- 
man. said the package had 
come too late after two years 
of disruption in schools. 

In an attempt to cool the 
climate in foe run-up to 
Nottingham, Mr Baker made 
no direct reference to legisla- 
tion to force teachers to accept 
new legally binding contracts 
if the talks fail to produce a 
voluntary seitlemenL 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Britain and Syria are expected to 
reach an agreement to establish interest 
sections in each other's capitals when 
their embassies are closed officially at 
the end of this week. 

The British Ambassador to Damas- 
cus, Mr Roger Tomkys, and his Syrian 
counterpart, Dr Loutonf Allah Haydar, 
are expected to return home today. 

But British and Syrian officials 
predict that at least two diplomatic 
representatives and one administrative 
official from both countries will be 
allowed to maint ain interest sections 
under the auspices of another embassy. 

The British wall operate under the 
Australian flag in Damascus, and Syria 

wiD be given reciprocal privileges with 
the Lebanese mission In London. 

• DAMASCUS: A first contingent of 
six or seven British diplomats left 
Damascus yesterday for Jordan, on 
their way home after last week’s break 
in relations, diplomatic sources said 
(Renter reports). 

Mr Tomkys and the rest of his team 
of 19 diplomats were due to fly home to- 
day. Syrian officials said tint. Dr 
Haydar and his staff were expected 
back in Damascus, also today. 

Britain broke diplomatic ties with 
Damascus after Syrian diplomats were 
implicated in court testimony about an 
attempt by Nezar Hindawi to blow np 
an Israeli airliner last ApriL 

Gorbachov in ms attempts to 
break foe rigid mould of 
Soviet thinking , a small 
group of Western journalists 
was recently invited to foe 
factory under the auspices of 
the Foreign Ministry (which 

i.m militan t I" hs artuamn « 

any. other wing of the 

Although its stock-in-trade 
varies from silk-screened 
icons and burial shawls to 
replica mitres and ornate 
golden weddiqg crowns, the 
self-styled “workshop” is ran 
along strict Communist Party 
lines, with a monthly target to 

fulfil as part of the five-year 
Soviet {dan. 

and calendars, there are pen- 
dams, medals and min iature 
imitation gold icons^ebrm- 

ing St Vladimir, the Prmceot 

Kiev who embraced tbs re- 
ligion of Byzantium m whs. 

In a room gleaming with 
reflections from ffW. “ 
silver plate, AtcWm££5 
Mcfody, foe pordy; 
of the Patriarchate s fonvmg 
economic department, ex- 
plained that 60 per cent of foe 
inauM** r -Siihilee 

ftad already been completed. 

Special crosses would oe 
madefor all the Protestants 
who would be attending, he 

added. _ 

As we toured the factory 
(which has its private chapel, 

as did great Russian bouses in 

the time of foe tsars), foem 
was only the occasional re- 
minder of modem Soviet 
reality „ 

AH the officials stoically 
sidestepped questions which 
might have pointed to foe 
number of members of foe 
church, or even foe number 
of working churches, it was 
explained that most of foe 
workers — some of whom 
could be seen incongruously 
crossing themselves — were 
believers, although this was 
not a condition of employ- 

Their wages, almost twice 
the national average, and foe 
heaving tables of caviar, sau- 
sage »nd . fresh fruit in the 
guest refectory, bore witness 
to foe continuing affluence Of 
the Orthodox Church. Tact- 
fully, all mention of the 
current religious revival was 
avoided, but Archpriest Leo- 
nid Kuzminov could, not 
resist a broad grin when 
asked how many crosses were 
bong produced. “As you can 
see, there is no unemploy- 
ment,” be replied. 
Christopher Walker 

BCal profits set to fall 

Omtinsed from page 1 

country because of tbs cur- 
rency problems. 

Three years ago foe Naira 
was valued at roughly one to 
the pound. Today it is being 
traded at around six to the 
pound under a special two tier 
system in which airlines can 
tad to free their earnings being 
hel d by Nigerian hanks. 

The crisis has led to a 

dramatic increase in airline 
ticket fraud which was es- 
timated to be costing aiifinm 
around £200 million a year 
before the ban on Naira sties. 

Nigerian traders were buy- 
ing largeqnantitiesof tickets 
for destinations around the' 
world then taking them to 
travel agents in London or 
New York and cashing them 
in for pounds or dollars. 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,191 

Last chance to see 

New paintings by J ohn 
Mawbey and William Burns; 
Ausien Hayes Galleries, Elm- 
field House, I Strayland Grove, 
Malton Rd, York. 10 to 5. 

Identity/Desire: representing 
the body; Collins Gallery, 
Strathclyde University, Rich- 
mond St. Glasgow. 10 to 5. 

Photography; Frame Museum 
Gallery. 1 North Parade, 10 to 4. 

Royal Society of British Art- 
ists — Exhibition of paintings, 
drawings and prints by selected 
members of the Royal Society of 
British Artists; Falmouth Art 
Gallery. Municipal Offices, 10 
to 4.30. 


Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Macclesfield Leisure 
Centre, 7.30. 

Recital by Philip O’Reilly 
(baritone) and John Alley (pi- 
ano); The Drama Hall, Wey- 
mouth College, Cranford Ave, 

Concert by the Midland 
Chamber Players; Birmingham 
Cathedral. Coimore Row, 1. IQ- 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Usher Hall, 
Edinburgh, 7.30. 

Top Films 

The top box-otfice films in 

1 (- ) The Mission 
2(1 ) Mona Lisa 

3 (- ) Legal Eagles 

4 (2 ) Top Gun 

5\3) A Nightmare on Ekn Street 

6(4) Basil, The Great Mouse De- 

7(7) CtndereJIa 
8 (6 ) A Room with a View 
9(5) About Last Night 
10(10) Aliens 

The top fHms in the provinces: 

1 Mona Lisa 

2 Top Gun 

3 Aliens 

4 Cinderella 

5 About Last Night 
S«*M by Sewn Memaaoral 

Top video rentals 



1 Hood's negative period 
following the revolution? 
( 8 ). 

6 Being under control (6). 

9 Quits the French island in 
Stalky & Co. (6). 

10 High point in an illu- 
minated address? (8). 

1 1 To terminate, turn to solu- 
tion (S). 

12 Search for article in fashion 
( 6 ). 

13 Woman to steer clear of (5). 

14 Chortle at funny girl (9). 

17 For an artisan knock and go 
in 1 9). 

19 Caustic Radical, not a 
Liberal oddly (5). 

22 Dnnk for nothing in retires 
menu with payment to fol- 
low (6). 

23 Champion boxer lacking 
balance (3-5). 

24 Religious musical spell- 
binder by satellite (8). 

25 Stand secure (6). 

26 Announce title for com- 
poser (6). 

2? Howler has poml barking 

up wrong irce (8). 


2 Nobel is keen to offer recog- 
nition of needle work (7). 

3 Listen! Complementary to 
Adam's ale? (4). 

4 Once fashionable activity 


5 Where journeys end in lov- 
ers eating? (1 1.4). 

6 Something to wear for the 
opera (8).- 

7 Leaf insect in showy displav 

8 Document contains call to 
action (5~4)_ 

13 Weeds of a sort associated 
with ashes (9). 

15 Hydrogen reactors may be 
banned we hear (9). 

16 Basic sort of triangle (8). 

18 Forbear to be a burden (7). 

20 Account for being ready to 
sing well? (7). 

21 They are for domestic use in 
stages perhaps (6). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,190 

aBfflntanias aesania 
s e » wt js m t3 
ffl If e b p c a , E 
iZinBSBnn EsnmnsEn 
B B -B H E. _J| 
arifflEB.OTffl i20fc3HE 
a ffl . I3_I3 , _ Z.15 M 

id (30 ffl iiiZSSHiuffBfii 
m . B n B B. 'jl 

e n m n nra ffl; n 
i ya si HH B 

Quartet: Leysland High Schoo 
Countestborpe. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Peter Good- 
man; Ciry Hall, Hull, 12.30. 

Piano recital by Stephen 
Bishop- Kovacevich: The Music 
Hall. The Square, Shrewsbury, 

Talks, lectures 
Newcastle Literary Festival; 
Anthony Mingella in conversa- 
tion with Robert Hewison; 
Hatton Gallery. Newcastle Uni- 
versity. I. 

Peter Wilson, selector of this 
vear’s Nottingham Open ex- 
hibition. talks: Education Dept. 
Castle Museum. Nottingham. I. 


Holt Charity Book Fair (sec- 
ond-hand and antiquarian 
books): St John HalL New 
Street Holt. Norfolk. 9.30 to I 
and 2 to 5. 

The pound 


Rates for small d amiun a aon tank notes 
only as auppied t>y Barclays Bank PIC 
Different rates apply to travellers 
cheques ana other rtxs«5n currency 


RetaU Price Index: 387-8 

London: The >T Index dosed up u 9 at 


10(12) Defence ol the Realm 
SuppSed by wswRwess 


Wales and West M4: East- 
bound carriageway closed for 
resurfacing between junctions 
16 and 17 (Swindon / Chipp- 
enham); contraflow westbound. 
A3& N and southbound lane 
closures between Exeter and 
Buckfastleigh. A483: Single line 
traffic easibound in Fabian 
Way. Swansea, between Jersey 
Marine roundabout and Earls- 
wood roundabout. 

The North: M6: Major road- 
works with lane closures be- 
tween junctions 17 and 18 
(Sandbach/Middlewiclri. A64: 
Lane closures at Copman- 
ihorpe. N Yorks. AI67: Re- 
surfacing and carriageway wi- 
dening an Whessoe Rd. Dar- 
lington, Co Durham. 

Scotland: Glasgow: Road 
width reduced in A/gyle St at the 
junction with Queen Sti delays. 
A8(h Contraflow at Moddies- 
burn. Dunbartonshire. A90 
(Edinburgh): Resurfacing work 
at Barm on roundabout to the 
Forth Rd Bridge; delays. 

Information supplied by AA 


Births: John Evelyn, diarist 
and founder of the Royal Soci- 
ety, Wotton. Surrey. 1620; Jan 
Vermeer. Delft. 1632: John 
Keats, London. 1795. 

Deaths; William Parsons, 3rd 
eari of Rosse, astronomer, 
Mon known. Co Cork. 1867; 
Marie Bashkirtsofi. painter, 
Paris. 1 884; Harry Houdini, 
escapologist. Detroit. 1926; 
Max Reinhardt. Paris, theatrical 
director. New York, 1«43; 
Augustus John, Fordingbridee. 
Hants. 1961. 

Tonight is All — Hallow's Eve 
or Hallowe'en, a time associated 
with man> ancient customs, one 
of which is the finding of one's 
loipr by various rites. 

Food prices 

Supplies of fresh fish are short 
this week due to foe bad weather 
and inevitably prices have risen, 
particularly in London and the 
South-easi. Fish, such as Dover 
sole and bass, which are popular 
with restaurants, are difficult to 
find and could cost at least £7.50 
a lb. The more conventional 
varieties, such as cod and 
haddock, are up by about 4p a 
lb. and lemon sole, coley and 
mackerel are up by about 3p a 
fb. Smoked mackerel and kip- 
pers are steady and smoked 
haddock is down 3p a lb. 

All cuts of New Zealand lamb 
are down a little with whole kg 
between £1.29 and £1.64 a lb. 
Loin chops £1.29-£ 1.98 and best 
end cbops 99p-£L79p a lb. 
Changes in home produced 
lamb prices are negligible with 
whole leg between £1.29 and 
£1.70 a lb and whole shoulder 
69p-£l.!0 a lb. Beef rump and 
sirloin steak is down a little but 
all other cuts are unchanged. 
Topside and silverside costs 
between £1.97 and £1-29 a lb 
and stewing steak £I.29-£I.62 a 
lb. Boneless shoulder of pork is 
down to an average price of 
£1.2! a lb. 

English vegetables are stiH 
very good quality and value. 
The best are cauliflower 20-40p 
each. Brussels sprouts l2-20p a 
lb and broccoli 40-65p a lb, 
mushrooms are reasonably 
priced at 30-70p a half lb. 

Salad ingredients are still very 
good with celery 30-40p a bead, 
round lettuce 18-20p each, rad- 
ishes 20-30p a bunch and water- 
cress 25-35p a bunch. 

There is a good selection of 
borne grown and imported fruit 
available. Oranges 8-28p each, 
salsumas 2S-50p a lb. lemons 8- 
18p each. Conference pears 25- 
46p a lb, Italia grapes 50-80p a 
lb, avocados 25-60p each. 
Golden Delicious 25-38p and 
Coxes 30 to 4Sp a lb. are ail best 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30k Financial 
Services Bill, further consid- 
eration of Lords amendments. 



A deep depression over 
the Norwegian Sea mov- 
ing away northeastwards. 
A weak ridge of high 
pressure crossing soath- 
ern parts today ahead of 
another Atlantic low, ex- 
pected to be centred over 
southern England at the 
end of period. 

6 am to midnight 

temp IOC 

Pfl r H oQQ - how to play 

Monday-S WMW record your daOy 
Portfolio total. 

Ada Bine together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

IT your total mat cites Uie published 
weekly dlvMoid noire you have woo 

weekly dlvMoid figure you have woo 
outnoiiT or a share nr the prize money 
stared for mat week, and must am 

your pnze a s In struc ted neww. 

Taiaphm itn'USifmMe tatma 
Hna BJ54-S32T2 tWMW ItuM — IWj 

Me datew cm ha aaeepwd oHW W 

You must have your cart with you 
when you leleonoDe. 

If you are unable to uteenone 
someone oho can claim on your behalf 
hut Uiey must nave your cart and call 
The Timm portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated times- 

No responsibility can be accerted 
tor failure lo contact the cUtos office 
for any reason wlUiln die stated 

The above instructions are ap- 
pfKa&le lo both dally and weekly 
divMeml ctatans. 


w f r 




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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

'■ ‘*7 1 - 1 i?" 


:.V: ; .?“wSSs 


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••'•'«•?.•, ,!I 

i: s; i>3 


PT 30 Share 
1279.1 (+11.9) 

FT-SE 100 
1615.8 (+18.8) 
30128 (23522) 

Stfft s ! r n) 


US Dollar 
1.3995 (-0.0115) 
WGennan mark 
2.8718 (+0.0103) 
67.7 (-0.1) 

Urgent oil talks 
sought by new 
Saudi minister 


OTT rise 

. Ocean Transport and Trad- 

“ig, the shipping, transport 
??? _ serv,ce group subject to a 
i258 million takeover bid 
from Mr Ron Brieriey’s IBP 

Saudi Arabia's new oil min- 
ister, Sheikh Hi sham Nazer, 
has called for an urgent meet- 
ing of the Opec price commit- 
tee. The call, madp wi thin 
. hours of his takeover of the 
Saudi oil post, came in a tetter 
to the Secretary-General of 

The oil industry now ex- 
pects that the world oil price 
win rise, and with it Britain's 
North Sea revenues, after the 
replacement of Sheikh Ahmed 
Zaki Ya mani 

The new minister is re- 

By David Yoonfe Energy Correspondent 

f 4| 

*’ Si 

In: SheQch msham Ns 

'■'int a-' 

t :. 

au, »n off. 

tUK.). yesterday struck back 
with a forecast of a 16 per cent 
profits increase. 

The forecast of “approxi- 
mately £37 minion" pretax 
profits, against £31 .9 last year, 
came with a predicted 38.5 per 
cent net dividend increase to 
9p a share. 

Earnings per share are fore- 
cast at 20p(J 985: 17.5 p). 

The predicted increase in 
profitability outstripped mar- 
ket expectations. The shares 
rose 4p to 241 p, compared 
with Mr Brieriey’s 225p-a- 
share all cash offer. 

'■-V **. 

u '*of*£ 


■....* . “snnm j 

" 'hr ft 
. ... * : ’ "L' DDa 

1 hr^tupherVd 

and political skills as Sheikh oil re 
Yamani, but as a minister who spent 
is more likely to strictly follow swap 
government policy. aircn 

The official Saudi view is Foi 

oil revenues to meet personal 
spending as well as using ofl to 
swap for arms and civil 

For the past 18 months his 

that there win be no fun- relationship with Prince Sul- 
damental change in its 03 tan, the defence minister, has 

policy, but it has yet to been particularly strained and 
elaborate on the reason for be has taken the blame for 

— U1V Uinillii Wl 

Sheikh YamanTs departure Opec sending prices too &r 
from a post he has held since downwards and subsequently 

1962. hitting Saudi o3 revenues. 

All Saudi government posts The country’s share of the 
are in the gift of the monarch world oil market is just over 4 
and Sheikh Yamani Iras for million barrels a day, a quarter 

VMMfV boon #kn J 

hitting Saudi o3 revenues. 
The country’s share of the 

years been the highest placed of its potential to produce. 

commoner in the country. 
However, he has been 

His policies have also had a 
serious effect on the incomes 

»awnvvvi 9 UV uoo vwu ouiuio vuimVL vm LUC UlUIUlCa 

critictal of certain mem beta of its Gulf neighbours Kuwait, 

Qatar and the United Arab 
Em hates, whose rulers have 
all made representations to 

The announcement from 
Riyadh, medially seat prices 
downwards, but later most 
traders interpreted the move 
as likely to lead to Kandi 
Arabia taking a stronger 
stance within Opec in moves 
to send the price towards the 
cartel’s target of $17 to $19 a 

.North Sea Brent crude 
dropped 20 cents a band, to 
$13.20, but then put on mare 
than 40 cents to trade at 
$13.60 a barreL 
In the United States, traders 
expect that prices will initially 
fell slightly until the markets 
digest the implications of the 

Sh eikh Yamani has been a 
proponent of a market-share 
philosophy within Opec, say- 
ing that his country could 
afford lower prices if it kept it 
traditional markets. 

Other members of Opec, 
particularly Iran and Libya, 
consider that more production 
should be removed from the 
market place and prices forced 

Charismatic Yamani, page 29 

SE calls 
to tackle 
the chaos 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Replaced: Sheikh Yamani, with some of his family, in Geneva. 

Redland rises 

*£al profits setto! 

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Redland, the international 
building materials company, 
reported an increase in pretax 
profits from £50.7 million to 
£55.6 million -for the six 
months to the end of Septem- 
ber on turnover down 3 per 
cent from £603.9 million to 
£583 million. The interim 
dividend was increased by 10 

Profit up 46% 

Pretax profit at Harris 
Queensway, the furniture re- 
tailer. jumped 46 per cent to 
£20.4 million on turnover up 
2rper cent to £233 miilinn in 
the six months to July 27. j 
Tempos, page 28 1 

Cut-price trails 

Mercury Communications , 
is to announce price cuts 
today in response to British 
Telecom's new pricing struc- 
ture which comes into effect 
tomorrow. Mercury, BPs 
only licensed rival, is likely to 
reduce the cost of long-dis- 
tance calls to maintain its 
price advantage after BT an- 
nounced a drop in its long- 
distance prices of up to 17 per 
cent in September. 

America has ‘turned th< 
corner on trade deficit’ 

ICI profits 
with record 

Channon outlines 
SA investment ban 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

By Alison Eadie 

Financial transactions and 
bank lending in support of 
normal trading activity are 
not Included in the 

America's merchandise 
trade deficit narrowed to 
$12.56 billion in September 
from a $ 1 4.03 billion deficit in 
August, the Department of 
Commerce announced yes- 
terday. Mr Malcolm Baldnge, 
Secretary for Commerce, said: 
“There will be temporary 
setbacks, but we have tinned 
the corner on the trade 

Foreign trade had been a 
drag on the economy, but 
from now on it would begin to 
contribute to economic 
growth. A fell in imports came 
despite higher oQ imports, 
which should slacken as in- 
ventories were rebuilt, Mr 
Baldnge said. 

A White House spokesman 
described the latest economic 
indicators as good news and 

From Mohsin Ali, Washing ton 

Imperial Chemical Indira- Government’s voluntary ban 

• _ n Vi t a ■ . nn imi InvHtmmf in Cnntl. 

The September deficit was Saudi oQ minister, created 
below most analysts’ predic- some uncertainty in the oil 

tions of a shortfell of about sector. Oil prices fell and then 
$14 billion. It was the second went ahead, and oil stocks 

consecutive monthly decline posted gains, 
and the smallest deficit since Tbemerch 
ApriTs $12.07 billion. 

Ir " u " 

The merchandise trade defi- 
cit for the first nine months 

tries, Britain’s largest nun* on raw investment in South 
company, cheered Afr,ca » '*** announced yes- 
market with higher- teHfey- 
seted and record But British companies will 
rter pro fits of £256 be urged to put a halt to new 
(■inst £182 million in purchases of share and loan 
os third quarter. capital of South African cam- 

anger marie played a panics and the voluntary ban 

the stock market with higher- 
than-expected and record 
third quarter pro fits of £256 
mfllkm against £182 million in 
fiw previous third quarter. 

The stronger mark played a 

The August deficit, which before revisions was $127.84 
had been revised from $1332 billion, up from $106.61 b3- 

JK ikk> ouuugva uuura piSJCU IK ****** ***V VVIUUUUJ uuu 

large role, with crarency fee- also includes loans and capital 
tors accounting for half the injections through inter-com- 

billion, _ was based on a Hon in the corresponding pe- 
calculation that more ac- nod last year. 

cuxarely - reflects the move- Imports IfeH U per cent — 

■WMlt nf ftAA/lp llAMLlI am MAan JL I • 

- — • — ****pv*w § pw VbUL 

ment of goods based on new by about $30 bflHon - in 


September and exports de- 

_ yny MUMW ! MAM* u %1U" 

me department, however, dined by less than l per cent 
has cautioned gainst compar- to$I7_52 bifoon. 
ing the prefi mina ry trade fig- The deficit in manufactured 

ure of one month with the goods fell to $1030 bflliam 

rmrirnn liww* fiw ■ t f ’ _ ... . « ■ - 

. - — — m. — ~ »v mxu-ro uiiuim. 

revised figure for another. This was the lowest since 
Wall Street yesterday woke April 

up to positive signs, and stock The trade deficit with Japan 

■VirN eiiramrl ahMfl m *1. i a jr * ■ .n 

* , T? — ’ ,7 ” . . U. UUUVU.UMI mm JOUOU 

pnees surged ahead m the fdl to $4.12 billion from $4.70 
morning. News of the decline billion as car imports feU 
m the merchandise trade defi- — ~* 

said: “We see no end in sight dt and speculation about a 

to what 

win most likely prove to be the 
strongest post World War II 
expansion on record.” 

possible Japanese discount 
rate cut helped the market 
The replacement of Sheikh 
Ahmed Zaki Yamani, the 

The overall trade deficit was 
running at an annual rate of 
$170.5 Mhon. The trade defi- 
cit was $148.48 billion in 

Simon sale 

Simon Engineering is nego- 
tiating the sale of its Solitec 
division, whose products in- 
clude screw conveyors, bin 
activators and associated ma- 
chines and which has an asset 
value of more than £1 million. 

Japan set to 
cut discount 
rate to 3% 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

New market factors 
strengthen dollar 

i ii^h Hds 

Offer taken 

The offer by Keep Trust for 
Batchelor Bowles has been 
declared fully unconditional 
The offer was accepted for 
97.6 per cent with the loan 
note alternative taken for 
1 1 1,668 of the 878365 shares 

The Bank of Japan is to n * ° ree 
announce a further cut in its 
discount rale today, its fourth 
this year. teroay 

The bulk is due to hold a '■ 

By Rodney Lord, Eamomics Editar 

Three important new in- oil prices where there was a 
lences were at work in good deal of confusion. Mr 
reign ex chan ge m arkets yes- Gavyn Davies, chief econo- 
rday — the dismissal of mist of Goldman fewhc 
tefleh Yamani the Saudi ofl said;“Foreign exchange mar- 

1JJC Udllf is H1 K- IO HOMS a ,”T*“ VMA Miu. IWGfU CWlUUlgC U1ST- 

meeting of its policy board n »ystCT, the better Ameri c an kets are schizophnmic on 
which will be followed by the p“ “h 011 “d the Ukeli- whether the departure of Ya- 
announcement of a 0.5 . _ ° f a ct ^_ m Japanese mani is good for ofl prices." 

announcement of a 0.5 ™ a ^ m Japanese 

percentage point cut in the wtorest rates. The net effect 
discount rale to 3 ner cent ^a 5 to leave the dollar stron- 

Pru go-ahead 

The Trade Secretary -has 
derided not to refer the pro- 
posed acquisition of Jackson 
National Life Insurance Com- 
pany by Prudential Corpora- 
tion to the Monopolies 

r _ Higher prices would hrip to 

discount'' rate to 3 per cent was 10 leave the dollar stron- increase Government revenue 
The rate has fallen from 5 per &rand sterling little changed in Britain and make it easier 
cent in January. _ die dose of dealing , in for the Chancellor to contem- 

The bank’s board has been p”* 1 ®? dm pound was 0.1 plate tax cuts in the Budget, 
meeting this week and hag lower m terms of its inter- But a big increase in prices 
apparently been shocked by national value at 67.7 aim- would tend to halt in its tracks 
reports on the state of some of ^Jh rts previous dose, the expected increase in world 
Japan’s more traditional in- Against the dollar it dosed IK trade next year. 

■ i > rpfrie Imuuf ot Cl Wtt* * 1*1 i‘-» ^ _ 

profits increase. IO shares 
bounced 25p higher to 1104p 
as brokera marked fiirir profit 
fc'Ufa* 1 - 

Bardays de Zoete Wedd, 
the broker, raised its forecast 
by £40 arillien to £1,020 
ntinkm pretax this year 
against £912 mflUim in 1985 
and reoord profits of £1,034 
million in 1984. It ra tearing its 
estimate for 1987 profits of 
£1,3®® million unchanged. 

The third quarter improve- 
ment was achieved despite 
c ontinu ed dismal showings 
from energy and agriculture. 
Energy dm little better than to 
break even, due to depressed 
ofl prices. Ofl tur n over fell to 
£68 mflHon from £185 miffion. 

Demand for fertilizers fell 
further and ICI suspended 
sales of ammo n iw, m ethanol 
and urea because prices were 
so weak. ICI is concerned 
about huge volumes of area 
being dumped by Eastern 

Ch emical sales were 4 per 
cent lower than those of the 
second quarter, primarily due j 
to lower volume, 

IQ is stSU not seeing strong 

increases in customer demand, 
despite the effects of lower @if 
prices and is therefore unable 
to increase prices. 

Tempos, page 28 

pany and head office accounts. 

Details of the scope of the 
voluntary ban, which was 
agreed at the Commonwealth 
Heads of Government meet- 
ing in August, were an- 
nounced by Mr Paul 
Channon, the Secretary for 
Trade and Industry. 

measures agreed by the Euro- 
pean Commission. 

In a separate announce- 
ment Lord Young of Graff- 
hara, the Employment 
Secretary, appealed to travel 
agents, tour operators, airlines 
and the media not to promote 
South Africa as a tourist 

Mr Channon said: “Given 
the extent of existing British 
investment in South Africa, 
wholehearted co-operation by 
British companies with the 
voluntary ban of new invest- 
ment should have consid- 
erable impact" Companies 
can, however, choose to dis- 
regard the ban. 

Since 1982 there has been a 
net disinvestment by British 
companies in South Africa 
with the latest figures, for 
1984, showing a net £563 

The stock market was 
awash with speculation yes- 
terday as the Stock Fxrhangg 
called an emergency meeting 
to discuss the problems posed 
by the new dealing systems 
since Monday. 

Representatives of all mem- 
ber firms were invited to Iasi 
night’s meeting called to dis- 
cuss ways of overcoming the 
difficulties which have 
plagued the screen- dealing 

There were widespread 
“stories" that one measure 
being considered by the ex- 
change is the complete closure 
of equity trading in London 
for two days to allow time to 
sort out a huge backlog of 
unde settlements. 

Several market-makers 
have run into problems with 
their settlement systems. It is 
suggested that there is a 
backlog of more than 50,000 
deals at one market-making 

The exchange’s Topic 
screen system held up yes- 
terday, but the Extel informa- 
tion service had been cut out 
to reduce demand on the 
network. Other services, 
including a page showing the 
prices of the 30 most actively 
traded stocks, have also been 

The exchangrissucd a no- 
tice to all institutions which 
provide information to Topic 
that they were only free to do 
so only between 6am and 8am 
and 6pm to 9pm. 

Because of difficulty in 
extracting information from 
the Topic the Financial Times 
was late in eafeniaring the 30- 
share index yesterday 

Users of Topic were 
complaining bitterly yesterday 
that the two-tier priority sys- 
tem for company news was in 
danger of leading to charges of 

insider trading; 

Market-makers now tend to 
receive company news about 
20 minutes before other Topic 
subscribers. They also receive 
a version of news which is 
being abbreviated for other 
users to reduce the number of 
pages needed. 

This means that market- 
makers are earlier and better 
informed when companies 
make announcements which 
could move share prices. 

Also excluded are portfolio million outflow. But Britain 
investments, unremitted prof- remains the largest investor in 

its and investments in train- 
ing, health, and social sectors, 
in line with the positive 

South Africa and accounts for 
more than a third of total 
foreign investment there. 

Business confidence ‘at low ebb 9 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Confidence in Britain’s eco- directors are less 'optimistic business confidence s tands at 

nomic state among almost 


half the company directors — 
usually the Government’s 

usually the Government’s 
most fervent supporters — has 
dipped sharply, according to a 
survey published today by die 
Institute of Directors. 

The organization’s latest bi- 
monthly survey of its mem- 
bers shows that 48 per cent of 

about the economy th an they 
were six months ago - double 
the figure of a year earlier. 

Only I7percentofbusine$5 
leaders feel more optimistic 

a low ebb, influenced by 
concern about interest rates 
and company cash flow. 


and a third have not changed underlying fragility of the 
their minds since the spring, economy appears to be com- 
Mr Graham Mather, head pounded by uncertainty about 
of the institute’s policy unit, prospects in the run-up to the 
said: “There is no doubt that next general election.” 


japans mure uamuonai m- 3 7 ~~ - 

dustries such as steel and ce ™s lower at 51.4026 but it 
shipbuilding which are suffer- wa ss Ii Ehtly higher against the 
ing from empty order books M 2.8704. _ 

and climbing rates of „ For sler ^8 the big m- 
unemploymenL ilnence was the hkdy trend m 

There was little expectation 

Family Money 
finds the best 
savings rates 

— ' — -- — ; vA|HiV um uu 

was slightly higher against the that the probable cut in Japa- 
mark at 2.8704. nese interest rates would pro- 

»' T * ■- 

. - — 

Traded Opts 28 Comsat 29 
Ferrigs Exd> 28 Co News 30 
Money Mrfcts 28 SbuePrfces 31 

Will Street 

28 I Unit Trusts 32 
28 I Ow—wlMi i 32 

Sleek Market 29 | USM Prices 32 

The Tokyo stock exchange 
index shot up by 505 points 
yesterday to 17,010.95 on 
hints of the discount rate fell. 
The yen, meanwhile, contin- 
ued toweaken. 

For sterling the big in- vote an imminent reversal of 
fhience was the likely trend in the recent..! per cent rise 

Exco in $22m deal 

•truuml HriU " 


By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Exco International, the two years, but we only actively 
money broker, announced started looking for an ac- 

yesterday that it is buying the quisition in the last few 
London and Far East Euro- months. 


New York 

Dow Jones 1878.68 (+26. 


Nikkei Dow „ 17010.95 (+505 
Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 231JL81 (-32 

Am s terdam: Gen 270-5 (+: 

ass.* — Wf - 

Commerzfcank 1953£(+1l 


. 1876.68 (+2fi^6>* BOC Group 

17010.95 (+50557) CourtaukJs . 

pT.mJi tk* wc OCUCVB enrooona 

MkSX <> h% 

million (£1SJ million). P^ce to be. 

Mr Bill Matthews, chief Mr Tim Smith and the 

AC Holdings 

, ■ — 


Parts: CAC _ 

SKA General 

185325 (+15.8) I Bgwwood Brew. 

London doetng prices Paga; 

- 3857.82 (+10A8) N Brown 

376.4 (same) Storehouse 


.. — 538.70 (same) SaatcW & Saatcrt 

— 270p 

— 742p 




executive of Exco, said: “We directors of Purcell Graham 
have wanted to enter the wifi, stay on in their present 

Eurobond broking market for positions. 

fo tomorrow's Fanrify 

The best baflding society 
buys foUmriag the recent wave 
of interest rate rises. 

Is investor protection 
headin g in the right direction 
after the jailing a former 
Alfied Danbar sates assoc- 

Pension find surplnses 
may sees remote - but not to 
Courage brewery workers 
who went on strike this week 
in the face of threats to 
their pension fond. What are 
these snrplases and who 
benefits from them ? 

And, please tell Sid, the 

British Gas Pathfinder Pros- 
pectHs. Read aD about it in 
The Tima tomorrow. 

Boots steps out with f 100m 




(UK Land 

London & Edtn. 

Ofr » »*•*■** 

j „ l 1a 

U W j >Nh« HN» » ■* 

: fr 

: • »**<■—* 



Bank Base: 11% 

3-month Interbank 11*is-11K% 
3-month efigbfe b«s:10 2a 3^>x!% 
p^ tng rate 

Prime Rate 7%% 

Federal Funds 5%%* 

3-month Treasury BiBs 5.1 W.14%- 
30-year bonds 96*io-86}l* 



Pearson — 

Pdytech. Beet - — 

Prices are as at 4pm 

. 577p(-13p 
- 70p(-15pj 




a SA 

ir •hWW*t- 



£: Si .3995 
£: DM2.8718 
& FFr93836 

New Yoric 
fc £1.3975- 
$: DM2JJ520* 
1- FFr6.7020* 

London Fixing: 

AM $404.00 pm-$406J0 
dose $406^6406.75 (£29000- 
290 £0) 

New Yoric 

Comex $40450-405.00* 

Boots, the street stores 

chain, is to mvest £100 million 
in np to 40 edge-of-town 
superstores speckfoting In 
toys and children’s 
The new stores will trade 
mder the name “Childrens 
World” and wiD be ran as an 
independent subsidiary with 
its own management team. 

Mr Alan Ripley, mauagn? 
director of Childrens World, 

By John BeD, City Editor 
another four are plumed for 
spring 1988. 

Mr Keith Ackroyd, manag- 
ing director of the Boots retail 
division, stressed that al- 
though the move' to edge-of- 
towa developments was a new 
one, it in no way indicated any 
lack of commitment to the 
high street. 

Boots is a s^nMkant re- 
toiler of bahywear and pre- 

aires will indnde Clarks and 
Start-rite shoes, Dash and 
Benetton clothing and Snips 

Boofa expects the new stores 

to come into profit (taring the 
second year of trading, tt has 
decided to charge most of the 
start-op costs to the profit and 
less account rather than to 
capitalize them. This conser- 
vative choice wfll lea d to a 
modest negative i m pa ct on 
profits m the first tiro years, 
which analysts estimated at 
aromnd £2 million or so — less 
than 1 per cent of pretax 

The first reaction to the 
Boots move was hnnriUe in 

said yesterday: “Research has school dotfei^ bat Childrens 
shown potential scope for World is a radical d e partu r e.' 

BCl I £0.732403 SDR £0.849144 


Brent (DOC.) OT $13,60 MJKS13.1Q) 

between 30 ami 40 stores, 
costing over £100 mflKon, to 
open over the next five years.” 

The first stores in the new 
chain wiD open at Dudley, 
Ofokfewood, and Leicester 

The merchandise will indnde 
shoes, clothing, books, toys, 
bedroom and nursery fur- 
niture, phis nmtemity and 
baby goods. 

The new stores wifi also 

next spring. Tiro more will be feature a number of “shops- 
feady by next autumn and within-^ops”. Concession- 




New York (Renter) - Share 
prices staged ahead in early 
trading yesterday spurred by 
figures showing a decline in 
the September merchandise 
trade deficit. 

The replacement of Sheikh 
Yamani, the Saadi Arabian oil 
minister, created some un- 

certainty in the oil market.00 
prices first fell and then 

jumped ahead. 

The Dow Jones industrial 

average gained 25.45 to 
J .877. 25. The broader Stan- 

J .877.25. The broader Stan- 
dard & Poor's 500-share index 
rose 2.99 to 243.93. 

ICI results paint a 
brighter picture 

Oct oct 
89 28 

Oct tet 
29 29 

Amnia Hs 

Am Brands 
Am Can 



Am Express 
Am Home 
Am Motors 
Am St rati 
Armco Steel 
Ashland Oil 
At Richfield 
Avon Prods 
BtasTstN Y 
Bat* ol NY 
Bam steal 

Bg Warner 


Burton Ind 
Burf ton Ntn 

Can Pacific 
Central SW 
Chase Man 

Cmb'tn Eng 

Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming Q1 

cpc Ma 

Dart & Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 
Dow Cham 
Dresser bid 
Duke Power 
Du Pom 
Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Co 
Exxon Corp 
Fed Dpt Sts 





59 ft 

66 % 


■ oaneuHinlifMtk 

- rrnrrn grrga 

The third quarter message 
from ICI was in many re- 
spects a familiar one but was 
also shot through with 

On the negative ride, en- 
ergy and agriculture were still 
disaster areas. Industrial de- 
mand was generally flat and 
volume growth was confined 
■to North America, the Far 
East and Australia. 

But on the positive side, 
the traditionally weak third 
quarter was stronger, so the 
non-energy and non-agri- 
culture businesses put in very 
good performances. 

Oil-related businesses saw 
a further recovery of profit 
margins, aided by the lower 
oil price. Stock losses result- 
ing from lower oil prices were 
all taken up in the first-half. 

A pick-up in consumer 
demand was also noted. 
Paints did well; dye-stuffs 
benefited from the fashion 
trade's demand for bright 
colours; polyurethane vol- 
ume was strong in America as 
demand picked up in the 
construction industry; fibres 
showed signs of rising de- 
mand in carpet manufac- 
turing and pharmaceuticals 
were ahead 

Currencies, particularly the 
stronger mark, provided half 
the third quarter profits 
improvement and will con- 
tinue to act as a boost in the 
fourth quarter. The commod- 
ity business, which will bene- 
fit more from the higher 
mark, is seasonally stronger 
in the final quarter. 

The cost of changes in the 
distribution system for the 
weed-biller paraquat, esti- 
mated at up to £10 million in 
the third quarter, will not 
feature in the final quarter. In 
addition, fourth quarter fig- 
ures will benefit from a first- 
time contribution from Glid- 
den. the American paints 
company acquired from Han- 
son Trust 

Full-year profits of £1,020 
million this year and £ 1,300 
million next would put the 
shares on multiples of 11.3 
and 93 respectively. The 
shares are still at a 20 per cent 
discount to the industrial 
market and therefore have 
further to go. 


Sales of three-piece suites, 
beds and fitted carpets have 
languished despite the con- 
sumer spending boom of the 
last six months. Electrical 
appliances, cars and leisure 
are what people want to 
spend money on. 

Sir Phili p Hams, chairman 

of Hams Queensway, puts 
much of the blame cm the 
manufacturers, but accepts 
retailers should be doing 
more to identify fashion 
trends and stock goods con- 

sumers want to buy. 

The company's first moves 
into giving customers what 
they want have proved 
successful but have oome too 
(ate to influence first-half 
results. Stripping out prop- 
erty, the year-on-year gain in 
pretax profit was 9 per cent, 
on turnover up 21 per cent to 
£233 million. 

The outlook for the second 
half is much rosier. The 

group caused a stir this 
month by announcing a S3I7 
million (£225 million) ac- 
quisition in the United States 
and a £181 million one-for- 
four rights issue. 

However, after a field trip 
to the US, British analysts are 
taking another look at 
Redland. Fired with their 
enthusiasm, the price rose 2 
per cent yesterday to 390p. 

Although pretax profits 
were 10 per cent ahead, 
earnings per share, rightly 
considered by Redland to be 
more important, rose 16 per 

Bearing witness to the 
much-vaunted geographical 
spread of the business, the 
increase in profits from Brit- 
ish and overseas subsidiaries 
compensated for the poor 
performance of the asso- 

In Britain, the outlook is 
good. Brick and roofing tiles 
are continuing to benefit 
from housing demand. 

For once, currency move- 
ments worked to Redfand's 
advantage. Profits from Braas 
in West Germany were down 
in marks, but ahead on 
translation. Next year should 
see an improvement as hous- 

ing permits are picking up. 

In the US, Redland Worth 
was 25 per cent ahead. The 
benefit of new plant has still 

group is forecasting turnover 
for the year of £630 million 
and pretax profit could reach 
£50 million. 

This puts the shares on a 
prospective multiple of a 
little more than 12, leaving 
them at a substantial, but 
undeserved, discount to the 

not been enjoyed. 

Genstar will come into the 
fold in November. Its year 
end is December so it wili 
have a negligible impact this 

The black spot next year 
will be Australia where the 
economic downturn is mak- 
ing itself felt. 

Profits of £125 million are 
likely for the year to next 
March (earnings per share 
34p) while £164 million 
(earnings per share 38p) is in 
prospect for 1987-88. 

The shares represent ex- 
cellent value for money. 


Getting back into the swing of 
being thoroughly predictable, 
Redland's interims were bang 
in line with City expectations. 
The building materials 

1986 Results 

Extracts from the 
Statement b y the Chairman, 
Paul Girolami. 

“This year s results are the latest in 
3n unbroken sequence of rapid growth 
over the six years since 1979/SO. That 
growth is the direct outcome of the 
strategy pursued by the Group in recent 
years, and of four policies in particular, 
namely: a concentration of resources and 
effort on medicines of the highest quality 
and benefit to society; the world-wide 
extension of our activities and markets; 
the expansion and improvement of our 
research, development and technological 
resources as the base for the successful 
pursuit of these goals; and the creation 
of a flexible international organisation 
capable of adapting itself to meet the 
changing and complex needs of our 
world-wide business. These policies 
have operated to change, fundamentally, 
the size and character of the Group in the 
space of a few years. 

“Our concentration on prescription 
medicines. Together with a commitment 
to generate growth from internal sources, 
has enabled us to devote resources and 
management effort to the development 
of our mainstream business not only of a 
high quality but also with a potential for 
high growth. It has, in conjunction with 
our ocher policies, led to very large 
increases in profits and earnings. This 
year, profits before tax were nine times 

higher than in 1979/SO; earnings per 
share at 54- lp were also nine times 
higher; and the share price at the end of 
June this year at £10.25 was eighteen 
times higher than the corresponding 
price at the beginning of the decade. 

“The successful penetration of major 
international markets has been the 
driving force behind the recent growth, 
with its widespread and profound effects 
on the Group. For example, our 
company in the U-S. A. recorded a 
turnover of $620 million, an increase 
of 74% over last year. 

“Our biggest research eftort by far, is 
in the U.K.; but we are also rapidly 
expanding our basic research activity in 
Italy as well as the new unit set up this 
year in the U.S. A. We now have major 
programmes in the areas of anti- 
infecrives and cardiovascular, central 
nervous and respiratory systems, as well 
as in the areas of allergy, skin biology. 



Group sales " 

Profit before tax 
Exports from rhe UK 
Research &. Development 
Capical Expendinire 
’from continuing activities. 

£ million 

1986 1985 

1,407 1.120 

Dividend per share 
Eimings per share 

Pence . 
14-0 10.0 

54-1 37.4 

alimentary tract, oncology, immunology 
and inflammation. 

“The Group now sells its products in 
one hundred and fifty countries through 
a network of seventy subsidiary' and 
associated companies which have some 
31,000 employees, about 11,000 in the 
U.K. and over 20,000 overseas. 

“Our progress in the past has relied 
fundamentally on the discovery 7 of new 
products by our Research organisation 
and, when found, their efficient 
development, manufacture and sale 
throughout the world. 

“The interval of time between 
discovery- of a compound and the 
marketing of the product is inevitably 
long, normally ten years, and is 
increasing. Our policies have, 
therefore, to be framed, and judged, 
on a relatively long time scale. They 
must deal effectively with the complex 
series of operations and decisions of 
great difficulty which are involved in 
the long process between discovery 
and sale if rhe highest standards of 
performance are to be met and the full 
potential of the products is to be 
realised. This was true in the past and 
remains true today. The Group's 
progress still rests on the foundations 
of the four policies which have so 
successfully met our requirements. 
They remain, therefore, the policies 
your Group is pursuing and should, I 
feel, keep ic moving strongly in the 
right direction in die future.” 

If \oir h.iulJ like .i u<jn ^ Rv'purr .mJ Ao.«uim- nrrrv The rvinmr^lAR 1 Hi-I»hirj- \ !•<... V Hmi*c. «'• I J , yl.irjt> Nrccl. London W IY SL'ifc^, 


Discount Market boro * 


foreign exchanges 


Treasury IMb (Discount %) 

fais 10 k i mnS 10 % 

Jrandi 10% 3mdi 10% 

1 mnui l0 B v-10"zr2mrth tCFSa-10* 1 *, 
3 mrtfft mnft KP'»-10<*» 

Trade B6te (Discount %) 
imnth 2 mn 

1mnth11 k Au 2 mnth 

3 troth 11”*i Bmrth 11 »w 

Interbank (%) 

Overragne open 10ctose8 
1 week 10K-10% Bmrth 11%-iift 
1 iroth 11-10% Bmrth H%-11 ft 
3 froth 12 rath 11%-llft 

Local Authority Dapotrite (%) 

2 days 10 X 7days 10 % 

IranOtfQ* 3mnm 10% 

Boms i 10 % I 2 trth io“i» 

Local Authority Bonds {%) 

1 mnth 11 X -11 2 mnth mull Bmrth 1 1K-11 

9 mnth 11 K -11 12 rath 11 K -11 

Stet0B 8 lndwco^aM»d«tt1975i«aBdP ^rtg7JW»”y 6y -* <y - 7V 

1 troth lO u M-i6a«3mntn 11 ’ib-i 1 '» 

6 mnth 11 ^n> M l 2 mth 1 1 K -11 
Date CDs nu 

1 troth 5. 85-5 BO 3 mnth 5-75-6.70 
6 mnth 5.75-5,70 T 2 rath 530-535 


7dm 5"^5% 
Snrntti 5%-6% 

7 days 4%-4ft 
3 troth 4%-4% 

7 dm 7%-7% 
Smrth 7%-7% 

7dqn 1%-1 K 
3 forth 3%3K 

7 days 4 "«hP» 
3 mnth 4%~4% 

caa 8 K- 5 K 

1 mirth 554-5% 

6 mnth 5%-6% 
OR 5-4 

1 mnth 4%-4K 
Bmrth 4"»4*» 
cal 754-8% 

1 mnth 754-7% 

can 1%-ft 

imrth 3%-3 
6 mnth 3%-3% 
cal 554-4% 

1 mnth 4*w4'w 

6 mnth 4*-4% 

Canada - 
Sweden . 

_ 13405-1 3495 


ILL 26200-2.6220 

__ 06*13-0.6^25 

~L”l .3082-1 £67 

■ ^00.7*650 


Denmark a 1 m2S-£543S 

W^Grtjrony — fggajgso 


“Lmr 6.67006.0750 

France - .« ,a.i« an 


Andris — - 

MW srapfed by Barclays Bank H0TCX «* BrteL 

- 2 IJ 09 O-Z 31 W 
_ 6 . 67006.0750 

- 161.38*16146 
_ 1410.0-1412.0 

„ 42.40-42.45 
.. 7.7970-7.7975 

- 1 ‘*8^0-148.70 

.. 137.3M37.B0 


Tteoe Month Stertno Open 

Dec 86 6&S5 

Mar 87 B9-0B 

Jur 87 88.41 

Sep 8? 89.39 

Doc 87 89.18 ' 

Mo-88 NT 

Pravfaus day 's total open Interest 14196 - 

Law close EM Vol 

8855 38.68 2979 

89.07 g.l3 193 

MM MM 18 

“ i£ S 7 


15411 .i Til 

Three Morth Emulate 

Dec 86 - — - 

Mar 87 


Sap 87 ... 

oua 94 14 94.17 2272 

S&B7 9359 604 

93J1 93.67 33.89 200 

Angus Sacs (11 

Baker Harris Sndr (170p) 
Berry.BirchXNoMa J1 1 5p) 
Blenheim Exhib (9Sp) 

Qtygrove (lOOpJ 
Cre^hton Labs (130p) 
Euro Home Ci«w 
Great Soumem (135(4 ' 

Guthrie Corp (ISOp) 
Harrison (I50p) 

Harrison (15Q 
Hughes Food 
Irmrtink Expr i 
Local Lon Go 

Mffler & Santhouse (iQ5p) 
Newage Trans (75p) 
Radamec Gp [*)p] 
Rotunda (95p) 

Hyman (IlOp) 

Sandafl PerWns (135pJ 
Scot MtpB 100% *25 

ts^ Group n»p) 

Thames TV (i90p) 
Trees 10% c£1 *98-50 
Whtnney Mackay (I60p) 
Woottons Better (I04p) 

Yehwton J38p) 
rorfcsMre TV (12Sp) 

196+2 I 

188-2 I 

203 , 

122 I 
131 +6 : 
191 -2 I 
151 I 
161 +1 | 
28 ! 
225 +5 
813* +1 
303 -3 

£40 ^ 





US Tt— wr Hand 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


S3 SS S8 « 

Short OR 
Dec 86 — . 
Mar 87 — 

95-45 0 

Pre«iouB 0a/» tom open Waite 17*78 
110-04 11004 10909 109-11 IgO® 

11006 11006 109-27 109-15 200 

NT — — 108-75 0 

NT — — — 0 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

previous daVa uta! open mteresi 2921 
18T.T0 163J5 1BLZ5 811 

NT — — 16025 0 



Oct 31 
Nov 14 
. Nov 28 

PhstDeaRags LaatDeaBhgs LmOadanSeo ForSetflenMBt 

Oct 20 Oct 31 Jan 22 Feb 2 

Now 3 Nov 14 Frt)5 ' Feb 16 

Now 17 . Nov 28 Feb TO Mar2 

Cai options mm taken oat ore 30f1 0/88 Sears, Vfckore, Davidson Pearce, Bristol 09 
& Minerals, Equity 8 General, Aran Enaiqy. Jute Mines, Ram. Sound Dfmnlan, Art 
OB. Sl Modmm. Aquascutum, Peek Hokfings, Dunton Group, TrcarttroL 
Put Amsnd. Dfmna. Baton. 


Ailed Lyons 

Jol Jen Apr 

40 6 8 

23 20 23 

— 45 48 
~ 10 20 * 
60 25 43 

« 50 75 

Thom EMI 



110 132 
72 95 

45 65 

— 12 22 
110 20 40 
80 40 57 



















































Com Union 

Cable & Wire 

— 1% 5 

51 6 10 

34 11 18 

— 31 — 

— 3 8 

40 10 15 
29 20 24 
70 7 - 15 

— 15 25 

— 32 40 

— 52 — 

330 85 — — 

360 55 70 — 

380 28 45 82 

420 13 27 37 

3 8 — 

8 14 22 

25 32 33 

Brit Aero 

BAT bids 

20 26 
8% 15 

2 6 

32 4 7 

17 13 17 
— 30 34 



Grand Met 

- 1 3 

— 2 6 

70 11 15 

37 30 35 

Brit Telecom 

Land Sec 

Marks 4 Sper 

183 190 
137 145 
90 110 
55 80 

38 49 
17 26 
7 13 

23 31 
9 20 
4 11 

— 5 9 

— 7 17 

140 18 30 
105 82 52 

58 4 7 

38 11 14 

— 29 30 



Nov Feb May 
40 « 73 
14 40 47 

2 23 32 
104 118 — 
74 90 100 
44 65 77 

11 33 43 

33 55 87 
8 28 42 

1% 11 23 

12 20 26 

2% 9 IS 

% 3 10 

34 44 40 

16 27 32 

4 15 21 

3 11 17 

18 25 30 

50 53 57 

% 1 — 

1% 3 7 

3 8 13 

13 18 25 

5 10 IS 

22 28 33 

65 67 72 

2 8 11 

14 18 22 

33 34 36 

5 10 14 

13 20 24 



33 43 52 

9 20 27 

2 8 17 

2 8 13 
12 20 25 

95 — — 

40 3 7 

26 12 13 

13 27 28 

1*382) . 

Shalt Trans 

Trafalgar House 

83 105 
52 73 

27 40 

27 35 

14 23 

6 15 

8 12 
3% 6 

1% 3% 

125 12 28 

93 32 50- 
60 62 62 
43 6 10 

30 17 21 

22 29 85 

14 4 5% 

B% 11 12% 
— 19% 20 

MMtand Bank 

36 - - 

37 53 60 

12 28 37 

2 13 21 

17 23 28 

9 16 22 

4 9 16 

52 67 77 

14 37 50 

3 12 20 

2 8 10 

8 15 20 

30 32 38 

4 8 1] 

7 12 18 

13 17 22 

3 10 15 

20 30 37 

60 87 72 

Series Dec Mar Jun Dae 



360 77 

390 48 

420 28 

480 12 

88 - 2 

62 72 8 

45 55 17 

24 — 37 

200 31% 
220 17 

240 5 

288 22 
300 - 

307 8 

Blue Circle 

Da Beers 

660 93 

700 47 

750 22 

550 80 

600 45 

650 22 

650 85 

700 60 

750 38 

800 20 

300 56 

330 32 

360 15 

240 IB 
260 8 
280 3 
300 2 

900 80 

950 45 

1000 25 

1050 18 

160 38 

180 18% 
200 6 

42 47 1% 

ZB 34 . 6 
18 24 17 

32 38 8 

22 27 — 

— — 2* 
105 120 4 

70 85 12 

45 58 50 

93 104 7 

60 73 22 

38 48 48 
115 — 17 

98 115 45 

TO 90 75 
45 — 110 

66 — 1 
40 56 6 

24 42 20 
27 35 12 

17 26 23 
9 15 39 

5 — SB 
115 150 20 

90 118 50 

65 98 80 

27 32 2% 

IS 20 I0K 

Mar Jun. 

a - 

9 13 
22 27 
43 — 
5 8 

12 15 

18 25 

53 65 77 

10 35 53 

2 18 27 

% — - 

7 15 25 
46 48 53 

12 20 30 

3 11 17 

1% 3% 8 

70 SO >07 
30 67 75 

12 30 45 

4 — — 

5 10 14 

18 20 22 

38 38 38 

4 IS 28 

17 32 SO 

47 62 77 

94 _ — 

Vast Reels 

8 12% 16 
.3% 7 10 

1 3% 6 

3% 7% 9% 
8 % 11 % 15 

18 20% 22 

40 - 

65 85 

95 115 
125 - 

Jan »ov Mar Jun 
48 7% 3 s 

— 8 Z “ 

21 ~ 19 27 

22 — _ 

Tr11%% 1991 

Tr 11%% 03/07 

37 50 

62 75 
95 105 
130 — 

Nw Fab 
2'u 2% 
•ft 1% 
‘w 1 

2»* 3% 
f»w 9 m 
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Nnv fab Mw 

1% 1 j m 2 2 

«■ 2% a».» 3% 

£'» % 2ft 3ft 

“[4 7« 3ft 4 ft 
2ft 3% 5*1* 

2 4ft Bi, a bv 
1ft 6* 7% 8ft 
_">h> 8% 9 1 .. a* 

Ort Nov Pee Jan 

ft 4 - _ 

* ™ If 25 

ft 13 25 33 

1ft 25 33 43 

12 35 42 SO 

37 47 58 — 

62 K 75 _ 

87 . 90 95 _ 

October 30,1988. Total contracts 30128. Cels 20154. Puts 9974. 

■Undertybis security price. 

Interest rate chang e 

Allied Irish Banks pic announces that its Home 
Mortgage Rate will increase to 12.5% per 
annum with effect from 1st November 1986. 
Borrowers will be advised of amended * 
repayments in due course. 

AJP.R. 133.% 

Allied Irish Bank 1 * 

Allied Irish Banks pic 

Head Office — Britain. .64/66 Coleman Street London EC 2 R =;\ r 
Telephone: 01-588 0691 ; 

Branches throughout the country. _ •_ 





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f. Irish Bank 

End of old 

Time was when honest nnrf 
upright companies regarded 
then- pension funds as sacred, 
to be funded, guaranteed, but 
hermetically s caled from the 
finance directors efforts to 
squeeze as much cash 
possible from the business. 
Employees shared this view, 

regarding their savins in die 

Mmpany fund as thetrs, even 
though the employer, as ni- 
trate guarantor, had controL 
Times have changed. The 

iw.' i , • *Tt Tr i 

foiced employers to nay in 

extra contributions, i 

liged finance directore to see 
their pension funds in a new 
light: as variable and control- 
lable costs of businesses. 

As high interest rates and 
later the booming share mar- 
ket produced big surpluses;, 
corporate raiders — and any- 
one who wanted to escape 
their clutches — came to view 
the pension fund as part of the 
usable financial resources of 
the company, allowing con- 
tribution holidays and even 

As this cazne to the notice of 
the Inland Revenue, the 
taxmen spotted a loophole 
and demanded that undue 
surpluses be used to increase 
benefits, reduce cont rib utions 
or make taxed withdrawals. 

Lord Hanson is not the first 
to see pension funds in this 
new fight Mr Robert Maxwell 
used the Mirror Group News- 
papers fund surplus to agree 
staff cuts through early 

But Lord Hanson represents 
a breed of corporate dealers of 
whom employees are natu- 
rally suspicious and whose 
ethos is at odds with the long- 
term m oiual commitment and 
trust implicit in the idea of 
company pension schemes 
based In final salary. 

AM a surplus, which has 
been bnih up by the pension 
scheme of a company that has 
been taken over, seems to 
have little to do with die 
company’s new owners. 

The world of trust in which 
company pension schemes 

developed has broken down 
and we are now inevitably 
seeing the results. Yet public 
policy, while admitting per- 
sonal pensions, still regards 
company final-salary schemes 

as a desirable norm. Further 
change is inevitable. 

Pressure from employees 
has now persuaded Lord Han- 
son to think again about 
.Splitting the Courage pension, 
fund in a way that appeared to 
leave him in control of all its : 
surplus. But there is no ques- 
tion of going bade to square 
one. The new Inland Revenue 
rules ensure that surpluses of 
more than 5 per cent of 
actuarial liabilities are dis- 
sipated in some way. 

Several big groups have 
already decided to split them 
between greater benefits and 
company contribution holi- 
days. What is now needed are 
some general guidelines for 
distributing these surpluses 
equitably between sharehold- 
ers and nind members. Other- 
wise, market plea su res will 
force companies to take the 

Graham Seaxjeant 

Financial Editor 


Brierley raises his S&N 
brewery holding to 4% 

By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

Mr Ron Briedey, the New 
Zealand-born businessman, 
has lifted his stake in Scottish 
& Newcastle, the Edinburgh- 
based brewer, to at least 4 per 

On Monday a share-register 
check by the company re- 
vealed a number of iwnwnw . 
holdings totalling 23 per cent 
of the equity. But by yesterday 
the stake had been increased 
to 3. 97 per cent and talk in the 
market was that he was still 
buying, and could now speak 
for as much as 6 per cent — 
worth more than £35 million. 

The Scottish & Newc as t l e 
rfwiwngn, Mr AHck 


Jan Pea Mar Apr May Jun Jui Aug Sap- Oct 

chased "P the nftimn»minw^ 

forcing them to reveal their 
true identities and discovered _ ^ nt „, ... 

they belonged to IEP Securi- ? group, 

S gfflS Baftaifai SSSEfirit 

investment vehicle. 

Mr Rankin says: “I am folly 

hrobeea fb? sSSetin^Srt *»27Smon.Eteakfsdahn 

Mr Robert Holmes* 

at toe moment we nave- no — » — ... .... 

grounds to believe that he sees 

^asanjtog ototlram ESataEnSlHo. 
under-priced stock to invest JEw (I percent). ^ 

Scottish & Newcastle shares 

rore another 6tep yesterday to Scottish & Newcastle febeing andSaSdM* £to 442^ 
215V*p. dismissed try some brokers. - - 

land, and be also owns Cas- 
cade, a Tasmanian brewery. 

Other brewers also pot on a 
spirited p e rf o rm ance with 
BnrtOBWMd jumping 69p to 
842p as Kxtkat and Aitken, the 
broker, bid for large chunks of 
stock outside the market, 
heightening expectations of a 
takeover. City experts es- 
timate fh flt the would 
have a take-oat price of 
around £10 a share: 

Bass gained 14p to 731p 

Mr Brierley now has stakes But he does 


These prices are as at 6.45pm 

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„ Renewed hopes that the 
naveomer U p Wan j pr essu re on interest 
rates may be short-lived en- 
abled the rest of the equity, 
market to grow in confidence ' 
This was helped by a record 
overnight rise on the Tokyo 

Dow Jones industrial average 

7.0 712 

154 442 

94 827* 


Any such move by the 

2400 Dealers reported selective 
*soo support among the alpha 

ie and most of the big business 
53i being conducted back in the 
market-makers’ offices. But 
s awn there are still problems with 
27B the new computer system. 
to Services on Topic, the Stock 

84 - 5 n curtailed and resulted in early 




share index being abandoned. 
The rift between members 


3M pears to be growing wider. 

747 TmJ. 

52 978 subs c riber s and with a number 


i74 7200 they are 
16S 104> disgruntled. 

t! 177 In the event, the FT 30- 
874 804 share index finished at its best 

Si levd of the day, 11.9 up at 

«{ industrial average scored an 
22 a i 4 Qo earfy 27-point gain. The 
334 ’ 627 broaderFT-SE 100 index rose 
18.8 to 1,615 A 

ia advanced 21p to £11 — 

74 448 


Why the tenor of Qpec meetings will change 

Exit the charismatic Yamani 


Take away the phalanx of 
bodyguards, each with an 
automatic handgun bulging 
under his designer T-shirt, the 
private yacht the size of a 
Royal Navy frigate and the 
200 members of the world 
press hanging on his every 
word, and Sheikh Ahmed Zala 
Yamani could have been just 
like any other father buying 
chocolate ice-cream for his 
chatteringyoungfan&y on foe 
promenade of Briom, the 
Yugoslavian holiday resort 
which used to be used exclu- 
sively by the late Resident 

Opec accepted foe Yugo- 
slavian Government's invita- 
tion to hold its summer 
session on the island and tire 
oil minis ters of foe 13 member 
nations were revetting In foe 

unaccustomed informality. 

However, the informality 
did not lead to any new 
realism within the various 
Opec fictions and the world 
oil price continued to languish 
at less than half the level it was 
at the start of this year. 

Two meetings later and foe 
ce is stiD in the doldrums, 

from Opec’s target range of 

$17 to $19, and Sheikh Y*- 
rnani, foe man to whom the 
market looked to force heads 
together and produce a work- 
able agreement to send up the 

At those two 

Sheikh Yamani has played his 
usual pivotal role, bat the 
agreements which emerged to 
limit production were sugr 
gpytffd by Iran and did not 
have foe fuD support of the 
Saudi oil minister. He was 
adamant that a new scientific 
should emerge and 

1962 64 66 68 70 72 74 78 78 8012345 


fir fie 

it his country should have a 
larger shar e of the market. 

It seems that for once he did 
not have foe full support of the 
Saudi ruling family back in 
Riyadh, who - issued - state- 
ments through the o ffici a l 
Saudi news agency which 

often contradicted . what 
Sheikh Yamani was saying in 
the lobbies m Geneva. 

It now appears that a 
co mbin a ti o n of his health — 
he has spent at least two of this 
year’s four meetings in his 
18th floor suite at the Geneva 
Internoonlinental Hotel under 
medical supervision — and foe 
e m erge n ce of new more force- 
ful voices within the Saudi 
Government has led to his 
removal from the rob. 

In addition, Sbakh Yamani 
haslet it be known during the 
last 18 months that he has 
become diriflosKmed with the 
political emphasis os Opec 

Also, he has been unpopular 
with some sectors of the Saudi 
Ailin g famil y because of Ins 
criticism of oil being used m 

barter trade deals for nrihtaiy 
equipment and aircraft as well 
as to raise cash, which has 

been used often to meet dowry 
and other personal costs by 
some members of foe Royal 

Whatever the manner ofhis 
going, his influence on Qpec 
as a whole has been consid- 
erable. He was the man who 
successfully spanned two cul- 
tures and was among the first 
of the group of technocrats to 
emerge from the Arab. Gulf 
and from the Universities of 
North America. 

He read law at Cairo 
University, then went on to 
Harvard and into foe Saudi 

He was first appointed to 

pie who could still afford the 
large gas-guzriera were the 
Arabs who controlled the 
price of oil and, because of 
their patronage, many of the 
specialist car companies were 
able to remain in existence 

the cabinet in 1958 at the 
of 33 and in 1962 moved into 
the od ministry, tire most 
important job m foe Saudi 

Hk negotiating ability made 
him foe highest placed com- 
moner in a land where there 
are no political parties and the 
government is appointed by 
tire king. 

His ability to create new 
contract terms instantly 
acceptable to the oil con- 
sumers and at tbe same time 
pushing up revalues for the 
producers was a factor in 
converting Opec from a loose 
amalgamation of the Mamie 
producers into a cohesive 
force which could influence 
every economy in the world — 
Russia’s bong no exception 
since it quickly adopted the 
Opec price for its oil export 

His name became known to 
every oil consumer, every 
motorist and every house- 
holder with oil beating in 1973 
when he was responsible for 
devising the plan to use Arab 
oil as a weapon in the war 
gainst Israel 

Because of him the whole 

motor industry had to change. 
Large and high prrfarmanrr 

cars haraww onsorial and his. 
actions played an important 
part in the Japanse motor 
industry earning a strangle- 
hold on the motor industries 
of foe United Stales and 
Europe with its small, more 
economic cars. 

Paradoxkally^he only peo- 

until technology provided a 
fire! efficient car. 

Despite his formal training 

Shwlrn Yamani has fllcn based 

many of fats decisions on 
adyrefrom rrfig o^ n ^ ^is 

one of 

London, who provide him 
with regular ch art s advising 
on foe best times for making 
important derations. 

He was advised, correctly, 
by an astrologer to take care m 
March 1975. That month Ire 
stood alongade Ring Faisal 
when the monarch was assas- 
sinated in Riyadh. 

Sheikh Yamani has since 
been acutely conscious ofhis 
personal security and that of 
his wife and five young chil- 
dren who occasionally 
accompanied him to Opec 

Bis safety has been en- 
trusted to a team of British- 
trained bodyguards whose 
movements among foe lob- 
bies of foe Geneva and Vienna 
Opec conference hotels often 
proved the most accurate 
indication of how discussions 
were going at the conference 

A bodyguard in casual 
dothes, relaxing over a beer 
was a sign that the meetings 
had a long way to go before 
agreement was reached. His 
appearance in smart suit at the 
cashiers desk settling his tail 
meant that the meeting was 
about to end, with or without 
an agreement. 

It win be at Geneva in 
December that Opec will have 
its first meeting for 23 years 
without its most charismatic 

Darid Young 

Energy Correspondent 

the year — following better- 
than-cxpected thira -quarter 
figures with profits of £254 
million. A total of 5.7 million 
shares changed hands with a 
number of market-makers on 
tbe new SEAQ service pre- 
pared to make a market in ai 
least 25,000 shares. 

Still making the most of foe 
talk that Nomura Securities 
had upgraded its profits es- 
timate, Glaxo rose 15pto955p 
in a thin market with less ihan 
one million shares being 

Oils burst into life with the 
market reading the replace- 
ment of Sheikh Yamani as a 
that the Saudis want to 
a more conciliatory 
approach. Mr Paul Speddiqg, 
analyst at Klemwort 
Grieveson, the broker, 
said^Expectations are now 
growing that some form of 
quota agreement will be 
reached mien the next round 
of Opec talks begin on Decern- 
ber 7 99 

BP leapt 24p to 662p^ Shell 
-22p to 900p, Enterprise 3p to 
13op, Lasmo 4p to I24p and 
Uttnunar 4p to 152p. 

STC, the computers and 
telecommunications group, 
h ardene d 3p to 155p, with 
instit ution s starting to buy 
stock following a presentation 
to more than 40 fund man-, 
at the Wood Street' 
of Wood Mackenzie, 
the broker, on Wednesday 
evening. The presentation was 
said to be “very positive” and 
resulted in analysts at Wood 
Mackenzie raising their 1986 
profit forecast for STC from 

£120 mUtinm urifliiw. 

• A Mg US car compo- 
nents gronp is keen to boy * 
10 per cent stake m First 
Security, the safety and sec- 
urity systems group in 
which British Car Auction 
Group has a 4443 per cent 
stake. Flirt Security may con- 
sider a rights issue to 
facilitate this. It cmdd be good 
news for foe shares, down 

Amstrad, another computer 
group, firmed 3p to I21p 
ahaari of foe c ompany ’s an- 
nual meeting next week. 

P fl Mu g to n Brothers, the 
glass manufacturer, continued 
to capture the headlines de- 
spite the a bsen ce of the much 
rumoured dawn raid by BTR. 
The price advanced a further 
5p to a new peak of 523p. 
PfTVrngtrm continues to scour 
the share register, but has, so 
fir; filled to find anyone 
budding up a stake. 

Hepworth Ceramic dipped 
2ttp to 2QSJp with no sign of 
the expected 270p bid from 
English China Clay, Vzpdown 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

P & O awaits all-clear 
on European Ferries 

The reputation of the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission has fallen as its 
judgements have moved from the real 
world in which companies have to 
compete to a dosed arena where the 
personalities and prejudices of 
laywexs, academics and second-class 
businessmen have free play. The 
commission may, of course, begin to 
rescue its reputation with its latest 
report on whether P & O’s 20 percent 
shareholding in European Ferries 
constitutes or might constitute ma- 
terial influence. Or it might not 

The commission had a choice.* 
Either it could find that P &0 bad no 
material influence over European 
Ferries; or it has material influence 
but that this is not detrimental to 
European Ferries’ powers to compete 
in cross-Channel ferry services and 
thus not* against the national interest; 
or it has material influence and that 
this restricts of may restrict com- 
petition in a way that is against the na- 
tional interest 

If the commission has found in its 
report, which should now be on Paul 
Channon’s desk at the Department of 
Trade, that P & O’s stake is or may be 
against the national interest it has 
presumably recommended that P & O 
should be ordered to sell its 
shareholding. That would kill specula- 
tion that P & O will bid for European 
Ferries, a factor that has helped to 
sustain EFs now filtering share price. 

It is inconceivable (well, almost 
inconceivable) that the commission 
has concluded that P & O does not 
have a material influence over EF. Sir 
Jeffrey Sterling, chairman of P & O, is 
on tbe board and if his opinions have 
not carried considerable weight in the 
EF boardroom, most recently during 
and after the September coup which 
brought Geoffrey Parker to the top of 
the info in place of Ken Siddfo, then I 
am much deceived. 

The third possibility is a finding of 
material influence which, however, 
does not or may not operate against 
the national interest The immediate 
effect of such a finding is that a P & O 
bid for EF would be a racing certainty. 
If troth were told it makes sense for P 
& O to take over EF, bnt not at the 
fancy prices the market was dreaming 
about even a few months ago. EF 
shares have come down a long way 
from their high this year of 177p. 
Yesterday they stood at 116p, but 
even that might be a shade more than 
P & O might want to pay, if it were 
free to Md. EPs latest figures, 
especially as they relate to the • 
company's American property in- 
terests, bear modi closer analysis than 
they have received. Only if there were 
an auction would EFs price be likely 
to rise appreciably. 

Tbe other interesting question is 
what constitutes the national interest 
when it comes to cross-Channel 

ferries? If the Channel tunnel is built, 
do the free market thinkers, in 
Government and outside, really want 
there to be no substantial British- 
owned ferry company, preferring to 
leave tbe waterways and the ships to 
the Americans (Sealink), French, 
Dutch and Scandinavians? Or do they 
think it might make sense to have P & 
O build something formidable with 
EF? Certainly EF is not in a serious 
position to argue with the logic. 

Net surprise 

With only four hair-curling days 
gone since the Big Bang, several 
dealing conventions are already 
emerging which are probably here to 

What has surprised dealers most is 
the huge volume of business coming 
through on a net basis, by-passing 
agency broking altogether. “The mar- 
ket seems to be seeing a surge in net 
pricing orders from the merchant 
banks,” remarked one startled mar- 

Last week some experts were 
predicting a 75-2S per cent split of 
business in favour of agency trading. 
In the event, the reverse may be true. 
There are even rumours that one 
conglomerate is offering its services 
free of commission. 

The spreads on equity prices are 
erratic so far. While some dealers 
claim there has been no change, some 
unusual deals were going through on 
Monday. A £4 million line of 
Sainsbury stock was turned around by 
Smith Newcoun on the floor of the 
Exchange at a 2p spread, considerably 
more than such a large line would 
have commanded last week. The 
spreads on prices quoted for the most 
actively traded stocks have clearly 
narrowed, though you might have to 
use a telephone to find out. 

As one dealer pointed out. the 
amounts quoted against the prices on 
Topic screens are often still very small 
— 1,000 shares bid and offered — and 
should therefore be taken with a pinch 
of salt 

In spite of continuing breakdowns 
dealers seem to be gaining confidence 
and quoting prices in larger amounts. 
Quotations for lines of 25,000 shares 
each way are more common than on 
Monday — a good sign for a screen- 
based market But with screens there 
will always be scope to play games. 
The telephone will remain the dealing 
tool of last resort until a fully 
interactive screen market is developed 
in two years. 

In spite of the technical faults, there 
is no doubt that most dealing has now 
left the Exchange floor and gone 
“upstairs”. Warburg Securities yes- 
terday decided to take all but a little 
trading in second line stocks off the 
floor altogether. 

National & Provincial Building Society 

Notice to 

Existing and Prospaetr#® 
Investors and Borrowers. 

Notice to Investors 

National & Provincial Building Society 
hereby gives notice that the rates of 
interest paid in all departments (except 
the Save As You Bam Scheme) will be 
increased with effect from 1 November 

New rates are as detailed below: 




90 DAYS Account 



(To basic 
rate Income 

Monthly Income 



Money Management 


1 232 

£ 5 , 000 — £ 9 £ 99.99 



£ 500— £4*999.99 



Up to £ 499.99 



For details of other accounts please contact 

Department at Provincial House, 

Notice to Existing and 

National & Provincial Building Society 
hereby gives notice that the rates of 
interest applicable to existing an n ua l 

rest mortgage accounts and outstanding 
offers of advance are to be increased by 
125% with effect from 1 November 1986. 

Where a Mortgage Deed specifies a 
period of notice before an increase in the 
rate of interest applicable to it is effective, 
such a period will commence on 
l November 1986. 

For the purposes of this notice an 
outstanding offer of advance means an 
offer of advance or further advance dated 
prior to 31 October 1986. 

The new rate of interest and revised 
repayment figure applicable to an existing 
mortgage and all outstanding offers 
completed on or before 31 October 1986 
will be notified in each borrower’s annual 
statement of account which will be sent 
during January 1987. 

Where an outstanding offer of advance 
has not been taken up before 31 October 
1986 the new rate of interest and revised 
repayment figure will be quoted in the 
statement sent to each borrower after 

Prospective borrowers requiring 
information relating to the effect of this 
notice prior to completion should contact 
the Branch of the Society which issued 
the offer of advance or the Society’s 
Administration Centre at Ashworth 
House, Burnley. 

National & Provincial 

Provincial House, Bradford, W. Yorks. BD1 1NL. 

#**#*•*** l?, »- '* 



Afpbuiiun hs hn nulc » Cnul c 1 Tht Staii Exhjrvje tor dte c mlm taw siune aipnai of (he Gmfun bmoiJ and so K- ueui. <o hr ahmaol u die Offuuf Ij« 
rr advised to rvad the fall Lining Psrriculan dated 30ih October, 19S6 rebane to Brake Bros, pfc before ccmpfcttng an d muming vour appti at ioa ibrm. 
Thr Litting Partk^dtrifuee been piddistied ui fail axZn- in dte Financial Times and an aba be obtained as iaJkatoJbdow. 

@ ^BrakffBroS. pic 

(Reststcrcd m Lp&mdand K'jfa under theCornpcmtts Ad 1985 No. 20i5Sl5t 

Offer for Sale by 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Limited 

of 11,000,000 ordinary shares of lOp each at 
125p per share payable in full on application 


TFu: JuUmraij! infonruaon should be read in conjunaim uith the full tat of tht: Luang 

Parasdisn pom v frfoli u is Jcrivai 


Brakes is the Urpst independent supplier of fnxen food to rhe catering industry 
in the United Kingdom. It has a network of 16 cold acre distribution depots 
covcrriie most of England and Wales. Over 70 per cent, of sales by value is 
supplied under Brakes's own Libel. 

The Dircctnn believe chat Brakes's successful profit record and strong growth 
prospects can Kr attributed to its deep understanding of the catering industry 
and to the foikm inp features ct Brakes's business: - 

— An extensive range of competitively priced quality products especially 
developed far the caterer and in many cases available ovckisivelv from Brakes. 

— A highly efficient distribution system that enables Brakcstocontrolcostsand 
stock levels whilst maintaining a fit* and dependable service. 

— A well-trained and professional siafi which is dedkared to giving customer 

Trading Record and ProGt Forecast 

^ufi'-vivfrd >l t Ocvr m hcr 

year ending 




Turnover KWO) : 1.471 27.444 HAW -H.fOO 57.761 74,000 

Profit before 
exceptional items 

and tax (£*0001 1.455 I.nW ZjcOfci J>74 3A>£ 5,400 

Number of depots 7 6 6 1 ’ 15 16 

Offer for Sale Statistics 

Offer for Sale price 125p 

NumbcrofshaiesinijsucftillowingtheOKcrfbrSale 44,tXX3,OCO 

MarkctC3pita}riacionattheOflerIorSaiepnce £55ro 

Percentage ofenla tged share capital being offered 

bv theCbnipanv 9. 1 % 

by the vendor shareholder* 

Forecast earnings per shaiv a 

basedonanVstiniaredtaxraceof 50°e 9.32p 

bawd cm a notional tax raicot 15 °-j &66p 

Forecast price earnings multiple at the Offer for Sale priced 

based on an estimated tax rate of30% 13.4x 

based on a notional (ax rateof3S% 1-Mx 

Notional net dividend per share far the year ending 

3 1 ■* December, 1 °$P 2 . 2 p 

Gross dividcad yield at the Offer IbrSale price* 31 2 . 5 % 

( I) The mfemmiun cm nnntTinl proftl hefne cuiftnul iloir, nundt Dmx tun' udditwul 
cmuiuw7iu, jnJ ua fur (hr fnt vim owlol Mu DaihiKt, |W'5 Lu rvm afifcja/ from the 
Ava*omniV RifOTt m Pit Luang Funtcuian. The tunuuL nvi«i audaed volt' fr* the nr 
mont h L-mid AVi Ju ti\ Jffa. So ifOfnmal itom arc ctfrocd in ilk- nur .niim* Mu 
DtVL-mhn, J<W 0 . Smnhetnl depots u tfornanii'CT i •] dtpMt • tpen ux rfw'.nji T rite hut ifcoun ix. 
|ra I 4 #**, the number oaviirfi open. 

12) Rued upon dw a pivud ueirimvl ui crap? numfxT o/ -HL-N 7 m i\ Airing (fa ' 

rrdme 51a Duxmhrr. 

(51 BiDtJ uptri Ac Mmd dniJoiJ ttf ~f M /vt iharc uhkh rik' Ducw Uiwkl huc 
imvnnKnid n i&pM at the wut onbv; 5 lit Dtomter, I'«) had :hc siurcs km loteJ un 
The Sack Ei dkagy dmnu; the u-Wc nf lUHh. 


(ll The OUct Sale and rhe contract rodtine fnmi AcrptaiKv nt aprlkan-ms air 
amdmnnol upm adinr >ion bnne grmird hv i hr Council ■■>!’ Thr jscck Esvhangrol 
the ordmarv caph 3 ] of Brake Bros, pk rrheC mipaiu-'t. •; -urd arwJ 10 be Mucd. 
to rhe Official Ltst of The Sf«d. Eachoiw and htv«mnpefivT:v e nor later than 12th 
November. Chtuues -sr banker's drafts for amount' pavabh-on appheats -n will 

be ptewnii-d Ire pavment bricrv such curuirion f sandkd and the ^plkauro 
monel’- mil be kept bv National ^ etnunier built FLC in a wporate bank account 
and. U such conditk-mi' not 3ato6ed«>atoTeald.vbillhere(umediwnhoat mnatsilbi 
crossed dwifur m bv our at the apphcjiMlc) through the post at the rt>L of' ihr 
perottl’' cntnlcd rtwtrto. 

fill Bandars de Zone Wedd Limited CBZW1 lewrvec the right to reject in whole or in 
pan or to scale down any application and. in parocular. mulnpk-crsupsied mukipte 
apfdicatiun> and to present Uw payment any cheques or hanker's drafts received. If 
□nv application is not accepted in wSoieor in pan or is waled down, the application 
moneys or. » the case mov be. rhebafcuxr rhertof. u ill he returned Iwahou' interest 
be sending the applicant schequeor banker’s draft ora tnracdi hequeinfciivurotihc 
appUannsI through thepewt at the nsk of the peTScrtPerKuk-d thereto, 
fin) By cumplenng and ddivcnng on application fam. \vu i as the appBcanHMfc 

lal ofc 10 acquire the number of diare> in the Oxnpanv speotasi in rour 
application birm lor Mich lew number far which your application c- a-.cepred) 
nn and ^ihjrcr id these terms and coruitkev- usf whKh rhe procedure kw 
applk-anan lonns part) and subfcvr 10 (he Lonnc rarucubn retiunc 10 the 
Cumpam dated 50th CVtotvr, litre "Li Mine Pannailars-n and the 
Nfaiwrandum and Article, of Asso ci a non of the Compare; 
tbJ authorev Narunal We-rmimirer Bank FLC 10 send a ratoucmaWe Inter of 
acceptancefar theiuunfcer of share, far «hkh vnir appheroem wMeptni and a 
CT*».<d cheque for any nktrey retumahie. hy jvst. at the rek of the personal 
tan idud thereto, in vpur addrevsfor that d the 6 th (timed applicant) as set <wtt in 
vnur applicmon farm and to procure that your name, nywm wnh the name!’) 
of anv wher fpim appjk jnrp.V i>. art placed on rbi- repiurr of memtrer- of rbe 
G impanv in tepect oi such shares the entitlement 10 which h* not been duly 

U> apw that, in cunsideranon of BZU' agreeing that it vdl not pnnr to I2ih 
November. l^So -after 10 sell anv.’l" the -hare? which are the subject of rheOfter 
for Sale - 10 anv person ixher than bv metro of rhe procokirc- referred to in the 
Lasting Tanicular. y-tur apphcancet may nor be rnetked until after 1-Jrh 
November. I'bsP. and that (hr- parapnrph shall confiture a colLneral conrra. t 
K-rwevn yc-u and BZ\t' ori Mull' of the Compan> and the V'endtc: which will • 
become binding upon despatch bv post to or. as rhe case may be. recopt hr 
National Wesrmmser Bank FLC, New Issues Department of’ vour application 

id) aurhonwBZQ‘.oranvrersonnofninat<dbvBZW,nnvr<urhehalfandatnc>co4 
to loundfi 1 -a make such relui usio rhe- Inland Revenue in rriancm losrampdury 
reserve rax (d anvi pa vaHeon the ctmiraci resulnr^irom the acceptance of vour 
application os described in porwpwph KXdl of Pan IV if the Listing Partnubr*: 
le) vamnt that your reminance mD he honourvd on fir* pruwmanrov 
ll) agree ihar anv k-trer of acceptance to which \<^u may kevome entpled and anv 
mewv > rvturrubL-to you may ix-ret-iinedpendingclcarartcc-of vour remmarice; 
|g) agree that all appkeations acceptances of apphcunt-re and conrraos rcNdrmg 
therefrom shall be qov-emed bv , and oKwmed in accsedance aah. Endcvh Lw ; 
fh> warrant ihar. if viio qpn rhe afyihcaono form on h-feaU «tf somebody else, vwi 
have tlic- auihnrny 10 do -o; and 

111 sonliimthatinmalangthlaapplirationvouarenotirlvingcnaiiyinferi uaU cmor 
repnaentaiK'n m reUuon to the Carupany or to us subridian other than throe 
contained in the Usang ruroaibrs and vtxi aoccwfcnrfv ante due neither BZW 
nor an y person respoosjbk soHv or jotndv for the Lasting ruuculjis or any par 
thereof shall have anv liability for an v such other mfocmanon or representation. 
lh .1 In re s pect of those shares far uhkh year afpUaoon ha; been received an d a n oe 
reiKted, acceptance of youe arptcanon shaU be corutirutnl. ar the election ofBZW, 
rither bvnorylvcanon to The SsrocL Exchange cf the baus at allocariondn wind] csv 
act epeance shall be on that bsef or by the onentmdon of the number of shares for 
whidi vour a c pjic xiti on b a cce pted pqauaprtprheanaagHncnta made becwvrenBZW 
and Nanonal Wcrminsur Bonk FLC. 

Ivl The Kwofatfacadon will be determined by BCW in coeguhaoonwirh the Com pa ny 
and Phillips 4 *. Drew . In so detenu) m ng, BZtl' will have regard to the need to esoifch 
a sairf jcr-sry market in the shares, for wfmh purpose a reasonable number of 
shareholders 15 required. U| 3 ro a roml of 1 , 100,000 shores wffl in dte first instance be 
made jvwilaNealihe Offer for Sale pnee of 12 Spto meet appbeaooru from e tnpfoye e s 
nf the Company or its subsidiary on the pid e i e nd af application forms available nj 
them, subyed to fnl above. 

(vi) No person receiving a copy of the Listing PanJcuton. or an appBoaxwv form, in any 
terntorv other than the Urdred Kin»lom may treat the same as commuting an 
mciuuon or ot&r to him. nor should he m any event use such form unless, in the 
relevant rtfnrorv. such an invicmon or offer onild lawfully be made to him or rods 
form could Uwfidlv be used without contravention of anv regatration or other lee)] 
requirements. Anv person outside the United Kmpixn wishins to make an 
application hreeunder muse satisfy himsetf as Do full observance of’ the laws of any 
rvrevant ternary m cormetnoti therewith, mdudmgtheobinningof any requrate 
gjvernmrnmJ or «her consents, atrervinpanvoi her requiMtetorTTuimes and papng 
any roue, transferor other taxes due m such ramury. 


Theappftcalinnhtt wiHopoiat Wajn.on Wednesday. 5 di Ncwember. I< 96 andwifldosr as 
soon thereafter as Bandars de Zone Wedd Limited mav determine. The basts on which 
applications hare been aceepcrd will be announced as scon as povufcte after the appke anon 

ll * expected that renounceaUe letters nf acceptance will be peered to wcctsa&i! appbeants 
not larvr than 1 Irh Novrmher. J<fBb and thardmliiygs in dir sharer wiD conuBcnce 00 12 th 
Nowerater. I^t. 

SubjrtT to ( he fldfawing parafsnph, arrangements have been made for regsrearian of aO rhe 
share-, now cdfcred for sate, free ofsramp duty, stamp duty reserve tax and regstrasion fees, in 
the names of apphemfior persore- in whose favour letters of aotcptance are duly renouiwed 
povidrdihat. incases of renunciancm, Irnai of acceprancefduivcorotfete d ma ccutda p c e 
with the instruction* contained therein) are lodged for repreranon bv 3 p.m. on 1*^1 
December, 145 ) 6 . ^harr cerri&ates will be dapatched not brer (ban [txh January, N 67 bf 
fcrst class pror ai the risk 0/ the penuns entitled thereto. 

Although repstrahoo in the names of successful applicants will be made free ofsramp duty 
and tump dull reserve ux, in thcc*c of renunaarionoialctTerof acceptance, a renouncee 
mav be fiaHe ro wamp duty reerce tax on die renundaoon to hm asdcicribed in porapaph 
IvVl of Pare IV' of die Luang Particulars. 


1 Insert in Boa J (in figures) the number of shun for which von are applying. 

Applications must be far a minimum of 200 dura and in one of die 
following tatririples: 

■ foe mi moreih-in l dWO shares, in a multiple of lOOshans 

■ far rmwc than UXV shares, but not more than 5 dXV shares, in a mulrtpk of SX* -hares 
■ for more rhan 5 . iW shares, bor nor more than 1 0 . 0 ft 1 shares, , n a muhipir of J ,RV shares 
■ for more than 1 0.000 shares, but not more than 50. 000 shares , in a muhipfc of 5 jDOOthares 
■ for more than WVO shares, in a multiple of 10.000 shares. 

2 Pul in Boot 2 (in figures) the amount of your cheque or banker's draft. 

The amoum of vour cheque or banker's draft should be 125 p mifripliaH by the 
number of shares inserted in Bax ]• 

For example. 200 shares wvxdd cwt C 50 

500 shares wroiU cor L 625 
1.000 shares would aw £ 1,250 
5,000 -hares would cost £0,250 

3 ^pi and Jane die application form in Bar 3 . 

The appiirxion lm may be siipud by someone dse on vour behalf if duly 
autborecd to do <0. Fkssons agping on behalf of appheants who are uvhvwiuab should 
enclose the powers ot-wrornev ftr uupeamn. A corporanonshnild<ignunder the hand of a 
Adv authoreed official whose representaiive capacity musr lx smted 
^ Pui year foil names and addrett in BLOCK CAPITALS in Bore 4 . 

5 Yon mart pin a separate cheque or banker’s draft to each completed 
a p o i kati on fau n. 

Yoorchcimc or banker’s draft mtm be made payable to National We am inster Bank 
PLC. far ine amount payable 00 ap pKraria ni nsei ted in Bax 2 and should be o n t d 
“Not negotiable Brake Bros.*. 

No receipt wiU be ii&ued for this payment which mat be bqUv for this mpheation. 
Yourckxfueor banker'* draft must he drawn m sterling on an account at 3 branch (which 
must be in the United Kingdom, die Channel klands or the Ue of Man) of a bank which is 
euha a member of the London or Scottish Clearing Hews or which has a rr an ged for us 
cheques and banker's drafts to be presented for payment through the clearing forilibes 
provided for the roerohcix >*4 those Clearing Houses (and must bear the appropriate sorting 
code number in the tR) nght hand comer). 

Apparitions may be accompanied b» a cheque drawn bv someone other than (he 
applicants), but «nv moneys 10 be returned wiD be sou bv craved cheque in favour of the 
pmontsl named ui Boxlcx) 4 (and 6 ) to the address in Box 4 . 

6 You may apply jointly wilh ocher persons. 
You mu*x then atnmee fee the aoofccanon for 

" You hum then anangr fee die appheanrm form re> be compfered bv or on behalf of 
each jotnt applicant (up to a maximum of (face other presonsX Their fuD names and 
addr esses should be put in BLOCK CAPITALS in Bro tx 

7 Boa 7 must be rigned by or on behalf of each joint applicant (other than the 
first applicant who should cotnpJere Box 4 and sign in Box 3). 

Fawns signing on behalf of apph.'am who are intfioduak should endose the powers of 
attorney It insprtuti. 

You muss rend the completed application form by pM, or defiver if by band, 10 
National We s t mi nster Bank PLC, New laoies Department, PA Box No. 79, 2 
Princes Street, londcm EC2P 2BD so as to be recaved not bier than Wednesday, 
10 aan.oex5th November, 1986. 

If »ou post wxir application form, you air recommended to use first dase- prot and allow s 
feast two davs lor dekverv. 

fhorasarceyne of application for mr uifl not be accepted. 

Gipie of the Li nine Farnculars can be obtaireed from the Mlow-ing offices of Bardavi dc 
Zoete Wedd Lmuied: 

Ehhgare Hoik. W Bcnnetb HiQ. _ York Hew. 

2 Swan Lone. Birmingham ' York Stree t . 


Ehhgare Houx. 

2 Swan Lone. 
London EC4 
and from: 
Phillips & Drew 
120 Moorcate, 
London EC2 

Phillips & Drew- National Wesmunsier Dar day* Bank RC 

IZOMootgate, Bank PLC, «>H^gh Street, 

London EC2 New Issue Department. Avhfotd 

2 Frmcm Street, Kent 

London EC2 

and from rhe following branchrs of NaiionalWcstminsicr Bank PLC: 

II ? St Marv Street, 14 Blvthsw nod Square, 22 Caafc Street, 

Cardiff Glasgow Liverpool 

«? Gewge Strca. 6 Park Row, 3 High Street, 

Ed m burgh Leeds Maidslone 


© cBrakffBroS. pic 

(Registered m England and R'uk? Nn. -0J5515I 

Offer tor Sale bv Barclays de Zoete Wedd Limited of 11,000,000 ordinary shares of lOp each 
in Brake Bros, pic (“shares”) at a price of 125p per share, payable in full on application 

Tck Barclays dc- Ziwc- WcdJ Lunital 
IvWc offer to acquire: 

and L- uv artach a cheque or hanler's draft made out to Wcsminsfcr Bank 1T.C and crosic-d “Noi negotiable 
Brake Brc<s." far the amount payable, namely: 

in Brake Bros, pk for such lesser- number of'sliorts in rropea of which 
this ^fri.-anuti may be accepted) ai I25p per share on the temis and 
subject co the condmons jovernini tht arrlication 

l <£ ONLY 

[ Akirpsjixr no. 

2 rftare xlluvinvi 

so as to arrive not later than 10 ajn. on Wednrsdai, 5th November, l^M ai National 
Prince* Street, London EC2P 2BD. 


New chief 
for Foseco 

Mr T«iy Chubb has been 
named rhairman of FdSCCO 
Minsep. Sir Ricbard Meyjes 
becomes deputy chairman. 

Milford Docks Company: 
Mr Terry Francis has become 
chief executive. 

Norctos: Mr Peter Jordan is 
joining dte board of Noreros 
Industry (EEC) as divisional 
chief executive, print and 

Pauline Hyde & Ass o ci ates 
Mr Bay Howell has been 
named as chairman-elect Mr 
Max Eggert becomes a 

EBC Amro Unit Trust 
Management: Mrs Jane 
Swlnglehurst becomes 
markrang director. 

The Tees and Hartlepool 
Port Authority; Mr John 
Hackney is to be chief exec- 

Price Forbes: Mr S Riley is 
the new chairman. 

Allied Dunbar Unit Trusts: 
Mr Hash Jenkins is ap- 
pointed deputy chairman and 
chief executive. Mr Harry 
Littlefair becomes vice- 

Croda International: Mr 
JM Cannon is made chair - 
man, succeeding Sir Frederick 
Wood from January 1, 1987. ' 
Dr KGG Hopkins becomes 
group chief executive, 
succeeding Mr JM Cannon, 
from the same day. Sir Fred- 
erick Wood becomes honorary 
life president and remains on 
the board as a nonexecutive 

NeuroTech: Mr Stephen 
Spencer becomes managing 

Ricardo Consulting En- 
gineers: Dr DHC Taylor will 
become rhair man and manag- 
ing director, succeeding Sir 
Diarmuid Downs in the spring 
of 1987. 

DDT Maintenance: Mr 
Gary Donovan becomes a 
director and Mr Richard 
Lewis is made field service 
director for operations. 

Hambros: Professor G. 
7- qprippn, rh air man of IstitUtO 

Bancario San Paolo di Torino, 
joins the board and Dr A 
Jazz o, director of inter- 
national affairs, joins the 
board of Hambros Bank. 

En glish E states: Mr Reay 
Atkinson joins the board. 

Paterson Jenks: Mr Richard 
Jeeks becomes joint chair- 
man. Mr Peter Geoghegan 
becomes managing director ; 
Paterson Foods. 

Ecobric: Mr Michael Eaton 
becomes chief executive and 
joins the board. 

lnchcape Mr John Duncan 
becomes director of corporate 

Barrett Southampton: Mr 
Pater Jones joins the board as 
technical dinxtor. 

The Page Factory. Mr John 
O'Riordan becomes a 

MAID Systems: Mr Mi- 
chael Maader becomes non- 
executive deputy chairman. 

- m sxvm^TniTV 






L, i i *1 

li' L 1 

• CSR: The company wiD sdl 
Mac Farms of Hawaii to a 
company SI ppr cent owned by 
Arnotts. The other parties to the 
purchase are thetwogroops who 
acquired CSR’s Australian 
Macadamia operations. Ram 
Group of Cahfonua and Mr 
Lance O'Connor's Krislan 
(AnsLX Arnotts wlU also lake op 
equity in the Australian 
Macadamia operations. 

• AAM (SOUP: No interim 
dividend. Turnover six months 
to July 31 (figures in £000) 
£2150 (£2251). Operating profit 
£370 (£527). Interest £48 (£64). 
profit before tax £322 (£463). 
Tax £37 (£182). Extraordinary 
credit £4 (nil). Profit 
attributable to shareholders 
£289 (£281). Earnings per share 
£0*49 (£0.48). 

CREDIT: First half of 1986. 
Interim dividend Gp — a 50 per 

cent increase over last year’s 

interim; the board intends to 
declare a final of 8p. Turnover 
£8.81 million (£8.66 million). 
Pretax profit £504,000 

board expects continued pro- 
gress in the second half, result- 
ing in another year of record 

ERS; Half year to June 3d 
Administration exp enses £598 
(£575). Interest receivable 
£5,056 (£5,056X Profit before 
tax £4,458 (£4,481). Tax £544 



• TATE & LYLE: The com- 
pany is to mate its first ap- 
proach to the international 
capital m arke ts by l a u n c h in g a 
public bond issue with equity 
warrants in the Swiss franc 
market The issue, which will be 
lead-managed by Lloyds Bank’s 
Capital Markets Group in 
Switzerland, is for 140 tsiDion 
francs (£59 million) and has a 
maturity of seven years. 

IONAL: The New Zealand 
ofisboot has bought the timber 
preservation assets and business 
of RentokO in New Zealand and 
Australia for NZ$4 minima 
(£1.44 million). 

The trust has bought Centurion 
Management Services for an 
initial consideration of 1.25 
miiiinn (Yi ttroar y shares, having 

a market value of £750,000. A 
further consideration erf up to a 
maximum of £1 25 million may 
be payable at the end of five 
yean, depending on profits. The 
main business of Genturion is 
the formation and ad m i ni st ra - 
ti on of offshore companies and 

TRUST: The board proposes to 
make major changes to the 
trust's structure and to raise 
about ff i milli on net by a 13- 
for-10 rights issue of income 
shares at 67.5p each. This issue 

has been nndei wiitten. 

• ATA SELECTION: Six mon- 
ths to June 29. Interim payment 
0.6p (nil). Turnover £134 mil- 
lion (£131 miHian). Pretax 
profit £129,000 (£276,000). 
Earnings per share OS9p 


months to August Z Interim 
0.90p (0.85p). External turn- 
over (figures in £000), wholesale 
£13,642 (£1 1,887), retail 
£22,973 (£23,109). Trading 

profit £1,704 (£1,673). Nelin- 
terest charge £177 (£3»L Profit 
before tax £1327 (£1340). Tax 
£561 (£669). Earnings per share 

ORS: Final 3.45p making 4.7Sp 
(4.35p) for year to July 31. 
Turnover adjusted for change m 
stocks of finished goods and 
work in pro gre s s £11,711,658 

dinary item — credit £314,516 
(nil). . Profit attributable 

per share 9.12p (7.88ph The 
extraordinary hem re pres en ts 
release of deferred tax not 
expected to be payable in 
fpwMftii- future. 

half of 1986. Interim dividend 
3p(same). Pretax profit £13,000 
(£4,000 loss). Earnings per share 
l3p (!-2p loss). 

HOLDINGS: Half year to June 
30 (figs in £000). Net turnover 
£6364 (£6,884). Loss hefbrc tax 
£84 (profit 424). Tax £2 (£1> 
Loss attr i bu table £91 (profit 
£18). '• ■ 

ING: Cacmi Overseas has re- 
ceived acceptances in respect of 
2.684J24 ordinary stock units 
(96.4 per cent) and~hs offer has 
ben declared unconditional in 
all respects and will remain 
open until further notice. 


ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company 1100% 

BCQ - 11X10% 

Citibank Savingst 10^% 

Consotidated Crds 11.00% 

Cooperative Bank 1100% 

C. Hoare & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 11.00% 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scatter) _ Jim 

TSB 11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

t Mortpp Base Rue. 

rti A-. J.JL. .1 

m ■ I , !)■ -riP.ijr 

Vl iT : 

With effect from 1st November 1986 the rate of interest 
paid on Investment Shares wiB be increasedio 600% 
pa. neL The rates of interest on ail otherdasses of 
shares and deposits accept SAY.E., gross interest 
accounts and AVCs wiP be increased by 0.TO% pia net 
from the same data 

The rates of ;inlerest on gross interest accounts and 
AVC-'s will be increased by 1XXW6 pia. gross from 
■ 1st November 19861 ' 

The rates of interest on mortgages (in appropriate cases 
the basic rales) will be Increased by 1.25% pa. from 
. 1st November 1986. 


Norwich and 

Clydesdale Bank PLC 




Clydesdale Bank PLC 
announces that with effect 
from Monday 3rd November 
1986 its House Mortgage 
Rate is being increased to 
12.25% per annum. 


Chief Office— St. Andrew's House, St. Andrew’s Street, 
Norwich NR24TR. Tel: (0603) 680081 
Administrative Centre — Manor House, 57 Lincolrv 
Road, Peterborough PEI 2S& Tel: (0733) 51491 

Meufoa at Tft» Mflng Sodams Aaoelmon 



Notice is hereby given that with 
effect from 1st November 1986 the 
Society’s Investment and Deposit 
rates will be increased by 0.75%. 


. . The interest rate for existing 
mortgages will be increased by 
123% an the above date or at such 
other time in accordance with 
the terms of the mortgage deed. 


a .do n% trr 

IM RSTrpm 
u nSuwM/v 

HD rAo 





Equities grow in confidence 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end November 7. §Comango day November 10. Settlement day November 1 7. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have onty one price quoted, these are middle prices, taken at 5pm. Yield, change and P/E are calculated on the middle price 


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+04 450 
- 0.1 200 
+05 270 
-0.1 350 
-02 950 

.. 2.40 
*0.1 OSO 
*08 250 

*05 194 

+0.7 IS 

*07 129 
.. 2.13 
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+0.1 456 
+24 087 
+03 148 
+0.7 183 
.. 245 
.. £38 
+35 137 

Do^taaxn 3228 8427c *04 285 

H> rated M Dht 1074 1142c *0.1 629 

Do Accra 1225 130.1 e *02 029 

Bmanmn# Us 1695 istoo -08 1.34 

Do Accnm 175.1 1855c -06 174 

1917 2035c +02 285 
3225 84&7c +04 28S 

10. Fenctnxcn SL i 
01-623 8000 
Planned Mr 1306 138 4 a 

European toe 1004 106.0 -£ 

Do ACCUBJ 1716 130.4 -fl 

General me iii3 itS3 +t 

Do Accum 2193 231.4 +0 

GB 1W0 me 1045 107.4 -4 

Do Accra 171.6 1785 -t 

Htan Yiea me SI 4 98.4* +1 

Do Accra 1839 1948* +1 

Jann mcomn 2217 230.0 -2 

Do ACCUm 2255 237.7 -2 

N Amortcan me MO 525 +0 

Do Actum 58.1 615 +0 

Probe Incomo 1326 14010 *6 

Do Accra 1498 15850 +0 

snor co s me me so *c 

Ou Accra 948 99.7 +0 

BROWN sour 

9-17. perramoum RtL Heywards Hood 
0444 450744 

financial 1274 1358 +C 

Smaller GO'S Ace 230.4 246.4* -t 

Do Income 1472 157.4* -t 

Wgh mean* 6*1 838* « 

moon* 74.7 79.9* +« 

Man Portfolio 11* 59.4 S32 +C 

Da ACS 1002 1098 +« 

Nfttfi Anracm S75 615 +4 

Orient B1.B87.Sc +C 


The sw* Exchange Londw EC2P 2JT 
01-588 2800 

N American me 
Do Accra 
Pacdc Incomo 
Do Accra 
Sn*r Go's me 
Ou Accra 

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Smaller CD's Ac e 
Do Income 



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Growth That 2178 2388 *14 &12 

American Trust 1271 1354 -02 074 


S^Sa « ra » ^3 is 

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Exaopatn Growth 56.1 S.7 -03 153 

PaoicGrowtfi 515 645 +08 .. 


L^m CAccW. Etanour^i 
031-228 3492 

American firntf 724 77.18 .. 220 

Capital Rmd 9 sj 1015 +0.1 157 

I Growti B Me Raid 1265 1335 +04 4 48 

Wgb DM Raid 1074 114,60 +05 S59 
I m ern auoi ai Fund 2024 2155 -05 m 

Resources Rma 247 203 +01 038 

S-TOr Jop Coo fird 319 361 „ 

Tc*yo Raid 1548 184 □ +07 080 

(Ex) Amer [Z 1468 1309* . . 165 

(EX) Japan & 1058 1009 +13 0.19 

(ExJPfcO«ef« 3058 3149 .. 031 

JpxjSmMBr J*g (4) 1975 204.0* .. tuo 

Eiactund 2&2 308 .. 133 

Barn RomL CM —M . GXxxdSOr GLS3 7L0 
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UK Bsfanesd Jne 8B2 734 +01 273 

Do Accra 701 745 +04 258 

UK Gram Accra 863 92-1 +04 158 

UK High Inc me 674 71.1c *04 589 
N American Accra 674 725 +04 iJO 

Far Eastern Accra 1004 1075 +05 080 

Barcaon Accra 874 912 +0.1 1.16 

UK QWB H Me 51.3 J*» -02 040 

Do Accra 518 568 +03 055 

Adrom Gamn. Hougan House. 28. Wnmm 
Read. RoftKad Wl IB 

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Tst 01 mv Truss 64.7 888 . . 1.79 

Soeco! SO Trust 710 717 ..247 

*ltti Amer Trux S93 63.1 . . 757 

Far Eesmrn Trust 877 934 .. 0.49 

mo Grand 529 565 .. 187 


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Ntn Amer TM Accra I35.t 1417* .. 036 

Far Gnat T* Accra 1609 171.1* .. 043 

Era Tst Accum 1688 1795* .. 1.18 

Gerwat Trust 2321 2478* .. 351 


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01-823 4680 

US SmeBar Co'S 712 758* .. 02B 

Capa* Fund 1064 1111* .. 033 

moon* Raw 751 808* .. 498 

Ft* Eastern R*d 711 76.7 .. 017 
Overseas mean* 743 79.1 .. 147 

RMc ThMM ranMBV HC3 


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mcerea Raid nB4 1288*. +VQ IBB 

tafl Enuay lac 1854 Wt +04 148 

DoTratxn TOO 14&S* +OS 1.48 

(Ml True Me ISM T34J +74 2* 

Do Accra 21M 2324 +18 190 


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1 04 

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kid Growth 80.7 858 +08 123 

Anwntar Growth 648 BUB +03 090 

American me 714 759* +02 439 

Erapaon Growth 2375 252-5* -02 048 

Gold 8 IBnma «W ei +05 089 

Japan Growth 1474 1578 -04 .. 

Royal Exchange EC3P SDN 
01-888 9903 

GCt S Reed tat 1108 1143 -02 9.79 

Growth Equity 1943 205.7 +09 2.11 

Guana*) 2701 2794 +33 145 

Property Share 2745 280.0 +04 137 

SanBer Co r ma rtes 2122 2248* +12 1.73 
Eraoean Trust 2865 2821 -64 699 


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841 864 +03 544 

744 175 -03 074 

1715 1804 .. 352 

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Japanese Tst 

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.. 300 


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179.4 IfiOlC 

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3195 mac 

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Energy inti 

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mean* DM 

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C k«M1UI» *084 4321 .. 180 

Ouadrant Raowmy 2SZ8 2878* . . 281 

St avtMrrn Lao* London EC4P 4DU 
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NC JMMIt 1748 186D +23 081 

NCUMUKa 500 53.1c +04 188 

NC SaMN Aim 821 688 +03 143 

NC AdMlon me 2762 2958 -0.1 130 

DO Accra 3034 32 11 -61 130 

NC SraaRsr CM 1388* +14 189 
NC an* Erap Co’s 191 4 2018 +68 088 

NC Exempt B« Cl 179 1228* .. 888 


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01-038 5078 

Anancan M 2208 2248* .. 158 

Seaatma (Z> GI35 7068 .. 23* 

Hrti YWO [5> I860 1895 .. 673 

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MM 1005 1108* -281385 

Fer But (2) 2188 2225 .. 685 

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M Trust 766 788 *03 142 

GKTtra 8*8 261 ..881 

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Partite tald Db 438 468* +02 041 

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EqrtwDtat 1119 11*1 *68 188 

boAecon 1588 1661 +13 189 

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W» 37 JO 9880 

Apr 9880 97.00 

Jun , 9850 9780. 

AUD 9880 965a 

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•=. r 

S omething must be 
changing in Italy 
when tbe Prime Min- 
ister chooses as the 
pseudonym with 
which he signs his newspaper 
articles the name of a famous 

Signor Bettino Craxi, who is 
the first Socialist to be Prime 
Minister and holds the record 
for leading the longest-lived 
government in the republic’s 
history, calls himself “Gbino 
di Tacco” when he publishes 
bis usually rather caustic com- 
ments in Avami, tbe Socialist 
Party newspaper. He does so 

The name was applied to 
him first by a leading news- 
paper editor who does not 
approve of him and meant the 
label to be derogatory. 

The 13th century Sienese 
bandit lived by robbing trav- 
ellers in the narrow passes on 
the mountainous stretches of 
the road from Rome to Flor- 
ence. In short, he exploited the 
advantage by which travellers 
were forced by circumstances 
into his restricted but real area 
of power. 

The fact that Signor Craxi 
had adopted the mantle of the 
old bandit is remarkable in 
two ways. First, it shows a 
notable sense of realism and* 
second, it suggests that a touch 
of satiric humor in political 
affairs is no longer regarded as 
out of place. * 

Implicit loo is the way 
Italy's unusual Prime Minister 
would hope to see the 
country’s political structure 

The Prime Minister’s prin- 
cipal political worry is that his 
Socialist Party is an uih 
successful vote-getter and ob- 
stinately lies a poor third after 
the Christian Democrats and 
the Communists, despite his 
own personal success as Prime 

But he reached the prime 

ministership by knowing how 
to exploit the feet that no 
government could be formed 
without his presence in it or 
without bis blessing. 

Like tbe medieval travellers 
on the road to Florence, the 
Christian Democrats, with 
more than a third of the 
national vote, have had to 
come to terms with the Social- 
ists, who have so fer only 12 
per cent of the electorate 
behind them. And the price he 
has managed to extract from 
them is rational: as they 
cannot manage without him, 
they must accept him as Prime 
Minister if they want to form a 
government at all 

So Italian politics have 
reached a point where there is 
no clear connection between 
electoral strength and real 

Neither the Christian 
Democrats nor the Com- 
munists in opposition are any 
longer able to transmute their 
large total of votes — between 
them they have two thirds of 
the electorate.— into effective 
political influence. But the 
Socialists, and the still smaller 
Republican Party, possess 
power fer exceeding the 
weight of votes behind them. 

The Republicans, with S per 
cent of the popular vote, 
pulled off tbe extraordinary 
teat five years ago of seeing 
Senator Giovanni Spadotim, 
their leader, become the first 
Prime Minister since the end 
of the war who was not a 
Christian Democrat 

For five years now the 
Christian Democrats have 
held the Prime Minister’s 
office for only six montits 
despite the feet that they are 
the country's largest party. 

Senator Spadohni and Si- 
gnor Craxi between them have 
closed a particular era, that in 
which the Christian Demo- 
crats easily do minated the 

Italian political scene. It lasted 
40 years and first began show- 
ing signs of disintegration in 
the mid- 1 970s when the Chris- 
tian Democrats looked to 
active Communist support as 
a way of maintaining their 
do minance. 

That experiment was has- 
tened to its end first by the 
murder of AJdo More, the 
Christian Democrat architect 
of the alliance, at the hands of 
terrorists, and then by increas- 
ing unrest in tbe rank and file 
of both parties, too little 
prepared for such a radical 

The unexpected death in 
June last year of Enrico 
Berlmguer, the Communist 
leader, placed a final seal on 
the end of a policy which now 
seems to have slipped quietly 
into oblivion. 

For the unlucky Christian 
Democrats, the closing of their 
era of unquestioned domi- 
nance came with revelations 

Street life, Roman-style: a driver is booked and a dog gets a lift in the Via del Corso; young love in the Piazza 
Venezia and a touch of tenderness for the newly married on the steps of the register office 

'of one of the country's worst 


In 1981 Signor Forlani’s 
government fell on the issue of 
his mishandling of the first 
revelations to come to light . 
about the conspiratorial and 
now illegal “Propaganda 
Two" Masonic lodge. That 
gave Senator Spadolini the 
chance to take office with tbe 
moral question as bis main 

Senator Spadolini and Si- 
gnor. Craxi have little in 
common as personalities. And 
they do not get on well, which 
is regrettable as their two 
parties must be tbe basis of 
any allian ce of the Jay parties. 
Senator Spadolini is an ener- 
getic academic while Signor 
Craxi is rather cold and highly 

But both have the advan- 
tage of being comparative 
newcomers to the gov- 
ernmental scene: Signor Craxi 
took the {Mime ministership 

without any ministerial 
experience in advance; Sen- 
ator Spadolini is eminent in 
university life, has written 
widely and is a former editor 
of the Milan newspaper 
Corriere della Sera. He still 
writes in the press but uses his 
own name. 

Both men like to lead and 
show that they are leading. 
They talk a comparatively 
simple language and, if then- 
formal statements can at times 
be convoluted, they can still 
adopt a style that the ordinary 
person has no difficulty in 

Both are popular in the 
country but neither has be- 
hind him a party with mass 

Tins is less serious for tbe 
Republicans because they are 
in any case didst but it is 
frustrating for Signor Craxi 
that he has so fer railed to turn 
his prestige as Prime Minister 
to electoral advantage. He 

knows that a lot depends on 
the outcome of the next 
elections, thought likely next 

The two men are beginning 
to be seen as the standard- 
bearers of an alternative way 
in which to conduct politics. 
Their rise coincided with a 
shift by the public away from 

So fer the electoral process 
has not caught up with this 

Some of the leading news- 
papers have grasped the point 
and are giving less space and 
showing less obsessive interest 
in tbe daily outjnit of the 
politicians and political com- 
mentators. The traditional 
style of political debate on 
television now goes largely 
un watched. 

The beginnings of this 
greater realism in political life 
is accompanied by a broaden- 
ing feeling of cautious op- 
timism about the economic 

future. The government 
forsees an increase next year 
in gross national product of 
between 3-316 per cent. 

Oil prices and the decline of 
the dollar have both helped to 
bring down inflation and cut 
costs. The triumphs of the 
Agnelli family have provided 
text-book examples of how 
capitalism can be rationalized 
into scaling the heights of 

The age-old defects are still 
there: the weight of a huge 
public debt, an equally 
weighty and inefficient public 
administration and corrup- 
tion. But Italian industry as a 
whole, both private and state 
industry, is now better led, 
more open-minded and more 
internationally minded than 
in the past. 

Fortune has managed to 
discover that the latest Italian 
fashion is capitalism itself, 
and devoted a cover-story to 
the turnaround. 

In this sense there are strong 
similarities between the signs 
of fresh approaches from both 
the business and the political 
worlds. The politicians have 
much further to go in order to - 
show convincingly that a 
change in certain aspects of 
behaviour means a real 
change in mentality. 


Foreign policy Pa 

The economy 

Overseas investment 

Small businesses 

The missing tourists 

Agriculture and 

the wine scandal 


After the 




The Hafian church 

Primo Levi, great 


Page 34 

The early bird 
catches the A2 285. 

/ Alitalia now has the earliest 

/ flight from Heathrow to Milan, 5 days 
/ a week, at 8.10 in the morning, thus 
/ easing your hectic work schedule. / 

/ To make life even easier, Ali talia / 

y also has the last flight back from Milan, / 

/ 5 days a week, at 8.15 in the evening, / 

/ arriving Heathrow-at 9-lOpm. / 

/ In all, AJitalia flies between / 

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hjfacknsof cfye Achille Laura, centre, last year was a crucial event for Italian foreign policy, which, 
Bette Craxi, left, and Gintio Andreotti, right, attaches great importance to dialogue 

How the Italians live 

with a violent world 

1 :* 

Hie Vatican insists that it has no 
foreign policy because no one is a 
foreigner so far as the Church is 
concerned, and something of this 
amtnde has found its way into the 
conduct of Italian foreign affairs. 

Its effects can be seen in the 
current preoccupation of the West 
with what to do about Syria, a 
dilemma which fits into a broader 
framework of bow Italy can 
reassert its claim to conduct a 
vigorous Mediterranean policy 
within the boundaries imposed by 
the European Community and 

It is no coincidence that Libya 
and Syria became the black beasts 
of British diplomacy — to say 
nothing for the moment of Ameri- 
can dealings with Colonel Gadaffi 
— alter the Italians bad built up 
unusually dose ties with both 
those countries. 

Signor Giulio Andreotti was 
one of the foreign minis ters absent 
from the Luxembourg summit 
called four days ago to submit the 
British decision to break dip- 
lomatic relations with Syria. 

That decision was taken after 
the Hindawi trial was felt in 
London to have shown that the 
Syrian government sponsored ter- 
rorists. And one of the prize 
exhibits at the trial was the letter 
sent by Hindawi to his cousin in 
Italy telling him to contact persons 
in Syria with dose contacts with 
terrorist leaders to help free him 
and a brother who was among 
those held for the Berlin disco- 
theque bombing. 

The bombing was the immedi- 
ate cause of the April bombard- 
ment of Libya by the Americans 
which, in its turn, was the indirect 
cause ofa change by the Italians in 
their relationships with Libya. 

dirion of dialogue with which 
history has marifWi I talian diplo- 
macy. He is personally dose to the 
Vatican and shares much of the 
outlook there of looking outward 
without prejudice when one’s 
interests are at stake, a view 
summed op by Pope Pius XL 
“Where there is a question of 
saving souls, or preventing greater 
harm to souls, we fed the courage 
to treat with the devil in person.” 

One would need simply to 
delete souls and add victims of 
terrorism to bring die quotation 
up to date. It was no surpise to 
many people, although some pro- 
fessed to be shocked, that Signor 
Andreotti was absent from the 
Luxembourg meeting because he 
attached greater importance to 
attending the Pope’s Day of Peace 
at Assisi. 

to Egypt with the ship and the 
hostages, was taken to be a notable 

Exactly what would have hap- 
pened if the Syrians had wdcomed 
the terrorists of sending 

them away is something that can 
only be conjectured, but it is 
difficult to suppose that the shua- 

Lioks with Syria 
were cultivated 

I talian links with the Syrians 
had been cultivated with some 
care. From February 1985 to last' 
September, Signor Andreotti had 
had three meetings with the 
Syrians and been twice to Damas- 
cus. When he returned from his 
visit to Syria in May 1985, he said ' 
the Syrians should not be consid- 
ered puppets of Moscow. 

Signor Andreotti can be said to 
have inherited much of the tra- 

As for Syria, the Italians be- 
lieved that the attentions they bad 
shown the Syrians were fully 
justified when Rome persuaded 
Damascus at the height of the 
Achille Laura crisis to dose Syrian 
ports to the hijackers. The seizure 
of the Italian cruise ship fay 
Palestinians a year ago was a 
crucial moment in Italian policy. 

The &ct that Italian diplomacy 
was able to persuade the Syrians to 
deny help to the hijackers, giving 
them no alternative but to return 

tion would have been improved. 

Hence the Italian view, ex- 
pressed as soon as the hostages 
were released, that the effective- 
ness of their intervention with die 
Syrians was because particular 
attention had been paid to Damas- 
cus in the recent past 

The Achille Lanro affair bristled 
with issues which, for better or 
worse, Italian diplomacy had to 
face. The first was that the 
hijackers were dose to Yassir 
Arafat’s Palestine Liberation 
Organization. Nearly a year before 
the Achille Laura was hijacked. 
Signor Bettino Craxi, the Prime 
Minister, and Signor Andreotti 
-visited Mr Arafat at his head- 
quarters in Tunisia. 

need for a political solution of the 
Palestinian problem and was no 
longer seeing it simply in terms of 
a military defeat of die Israelis. 

On tnim, admittedly, stou ter 
base, the Italians sought to devise 
a policy which would persuade, 
first, Jordan and then the Israelis, 
with American encouragement, to 
sit down together and attempt a 

Their principal argument al the 
time was that u nothing was done, 
the situation in the Middle East 
could only worsen. 

At the same time they were 
developing their diesis that 
membership of an alliance not 
rally left smaller allies with free- 
dom to conduct an active policy in 
their own area but ought to 
impose such a thing because a 
country in Italy’s position ofbeing 
geographically attached to the 
European Community wink being 
the only long-standing member 
with its sea coasts entirely wasted 
the Mediterranean, bad a special 
experience to bring to bear. 

This was the period too when 
such leading public figures as 
Senator Sandro Pertini, then still 

acts as becoming the first country 
on the Continent to allow the 
installation of Cruise missiles. 

The outcome of the Achille 
Laura crisis brought the most 
serious with the Americans 
since the end of the war. The US 
action erf* forcing down in Sicily 
the Egyptian aircraft which .was 
taking the hijackers to Tunisia 
came up against the refusal by the 
Italian authorities to permit the 
extradition of the terrorist Abbas, 
who was also aboard the I^yptian 

The government was forced to 
offer its resignation because the 
minis ters drawn from the Repub- 
lican Party objected to the han- 
dling of the liberation of Abbas. 
The dissent by the Republicans, 
however, was limited to this rase 
element and they did not object to 
the way the diplomatic contacts 

position at the moment looks 
blocked. And so does the other 
side of the coin of Italian foreign 
policy. Rome r em ains firmly at- 
tached to the European ideal. 
Much of the policy involving 

the PLO had been intended as an 

approach to be looked at, and, it 
was hoped, backed by, the 
Co mmunity because one of the 
slogans of Italian policy is that a 
decision wit<»n by 12 countries is 
qualitatively di f fe re n t from one by 
an indiv idual country. 

with Syria and Egypt hand been 
carried out 

the country’s most popular presi- 
dent, were calling for greater 
consultation on the part of the 
Americans with an ally which had 
shown its fidelity fiy such clear 

They were convinced that Mr 
Arafat himself had acceptedthe 

earned out 

MrArafet is now, in diplomatic 
farms, a thing of the past- His 
reconciliation with the Jordanians 
was brief The Americans would 
not hear of him. And Signor Craxi 
himself wrote him - off ' in a 
statement made during a . visit 
earlier this month to Algeria. 

In terms of the capacity for 
carrying out a constructive policy 
in the Mediterranean, the Italian 

The logical conclusion to draw 
would be that a decision such as 
that taken fo London of severing 
relations with Syria should not 
first be decided, then offered to the 
otter members of the Community 
for their blessing: it should ideally 
be agreed first by the whole 

But that too is looking increas- 
ingly Utopian. Which brings one 
back to the traditional view that 
keeping up contacts with every- 
body, especially with the more 
diffi cult countries, is as good an 
alternative as the present moment 
offers to that dor, constructive 

set of policy decisions on the 
problems of the Mediterranean 

problems of the Mediterranean 
which elude the Italians as they do 
everyone else. 


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50047 PRATO/ITALY - VIA DtCLI ALBERTI. 2 - TEL. (574)4921 - TELEX 572582 PRATOE 

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Bi S «® Iteck in vogue; AD heads bait in concentrathm at the Olivetti factory at Ira, 

near innn prodociitg floppy discs on tte richL Above, the strategic location of ftalsider’s 
steel plant in Genoa, Italy’s chief put ana major entry point for coal and iron imports 

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“Fot the first time in 20 years 
our principal economic in- 
dicators are all pointing to- 
wards improvement We can 
be very satisfied with the 
results.” Bettino Craxi, the 
Socialist Prime Minister, had 
seldom sounded so confident 
as in a recent speech in Genoa. 

“This year again,” he wait 
on, “our growth will be the 
highest among all European 
Community countries (2.8 per 
cent against an average Z6 per 
cent) and the forecasts are still 
more optimistic for next year 
(3.5 per cent against 2-5 per 

The balance of payments, 
instead of deteriorating. Kite 
Britain's, would swing round 
to a surplus at the end of 1986 
of about 8,000 billion lire 
(£4,000 million) from a deficit 

of corresponding size in 1 985. 

The public sector deficit, 
still high compared to that of 
most industrialized econo- 
mies, should pass from 16.4 
per cent of gross domestic 
product last year to 14.3 per 
cent this year. 

The battle against inflation 
has been won and the days of 
double digit increases seem 
past history. Signor Craxi said 
inflation might be down to 4 
per cent at the end of this year, 
while Giovanni Goria, the 
Christian Democrat treasury 
minister, thinks 3 per cent 
possible by the end of 1 987. 

Signor Goria, speaking in 
bfilan, forecast die creation of 
250,000 jobs in 1987 and a 25 
per cent redaction in the 
number temporarily laid off 
by companies. An accurate 
figure for unemployment is 
virtually . unobtainable, as 
statistics are incomplete. 

Figures do not take into 
account those paid out of the 
temporary redundancy fund 
on the one hand, or those 
Jiving from the “black 
economy” on the other — but 
□one suggest it is as high as in 

Politicians are always 
tempted to gild the lily, but foe 
atmosphere of boom is borne 

OUt among the financial 

community in Milan. Finns 
are making good profits and 
generating strong cash flows 
for new investments. 

Only a few years ago it 
seemed that “small - is 
beautiful” and the flexible 
smaller companies were best 
adapted to cope with foe then 
prevalent recession. Now the 
big groups are back a g ain, 
making the running. 

An example is Hat, which 
received a much needed shot 
in the arm from a $400 million 
capital injection from Libya 
ten years ago. In September 
foe Libyans, by now a serious 
political embarrassment, sold 
their holding for over S3 
billion, a reflection of the Hat 
group's record profits. 

The boom has gripped the 
stock exchange, which for foe 
first time has become popular 
among members of the public, 
who have been investing ei- 
ther directly or through uni t 
trusts that have been formed 
in foe last two years. 

This, a Milan banker la- 
mented, has diverted private 
savings away from hank 
deposits, whose rale of growth 
has been slowing. Recently the 
market has been consolidating 
after hs period of heady rises, 
but the daily value of rifling* 
in Milan continues to be four 

or five times that of three 
years ago. 

Mario Schimbemi, chair- 
man _ of the Montedison 
chemical group, summed up 
what has been happening by 
writing in a magazine article 
that capitalism and the saving 
public had at last made con- 
tact in Italy. 

Traditionally family 
to deposit their savings with 
banks — Italy has one of the 
highest personal savings rates 
in the industrialized world — 
while firms financed their 
activities principally through 
bank borrowing. Recent 
events on the stock exchange 
showed that a direct relation- 
ship had now been 

Recent events on the stock 
exchange, particularly on ef- 
fervescent days, have also 
reflected a spate of tumours 
about behind-the-scenes take- 
over threats, banks for in- 
fluence or control over 
companies, alliances being 
formed or broken. Signor 
Schimbemi has himself been 
at the centre of much activity. 

A self-made Roman, he is 
popularly portrayed as taking 
on the establishment, repre- 
sented by the elderly Enrico 
Cuccia of Mediobanca mer- 
chant bank and, behind him_ 

and Italy’s 
small savers 
have at last 
made contact 
through foe 
now popular 
stock market 

families such as foe Agnellis of 
Hat and foe Pirellis. 

Even foe big state-owned 
groups are back in health. The 
giant IRI (Istituto per la 
ricostruzione industrial) 
corporation, employing half a 
million, is moving towards 
break even. The oil and energy 
corporation EN1 has been 
bade in profit since last year 
and reports a further 26 per 
cent advance in gross profits 
in foe first half of this year. 

Both are following a cau- 
tious privatization policy, 
usually leaving control of 
subsidiaries in the hands of 
the public sector, as with share 

flotations for ENTs engineer- 
ing subsidiaries Saipem and 
Nuovo Pignone. 

But IRI. following the 
appearance of two reputable 
suitors — Ford and Hat — has 
gladly offered to relinquish 
control over its loss-making 
car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. 

Political stability is one 
feclor behind foe economic 
lumround. even ifbasic stabil- 
ity was always there — the 
Christian Democrats have 
been in every government, 
since foe war, and some 
ministers have held office of 
one kind or another for the 
last ten or 20 years. But foe 
presence of one prime min- 
ister for three years has pro- 
vided at least a cosmetic uplift 
that has boosted Italy's imag e 

Another reason has been the 
government's trimming of la- 
bour costs through successive 
whittling down of the system 
of automatic wage indexation. 
The degree of indexation 
against foe cost of living has 
been reduced, while adjust- 
ments are uow made every six 
instead of every three months. 

But the most evident reason 
has been foe fall in the price oi 
ofl and in the dollar. Italy is 
one of foe developed countries 
most dependent on imported 

oil and, since it had done least 
to adjust to the shocks of the 
1970s, so it has benefited most’ 
from the plunge in crude 

Industrialists naturally wel- 
come the economic upturn, 
but tend to be much more 
cautious than the politicians. 
Innocen 20 CipoUetta, eco- 
nomic adviser io 
Confindustria. foe confedera- 
tion of private industry, is 
concerned at foe prospects for 
the world economy and its 
effects on Italy as a country 
transforming imported raw 
materials into exported 

He fears that Italy is losing 
its competitiveness, above all 
in relation to the United Slates 
and newly industrialized 
countries with currencies 
linked to foe fate of the dollar. 
The Italian economy, in his 
view, is at present relying too 
much on internal demand. 

Signor CipoUetta recom- 
mends a more courageous 
government policy of public 
investment in infrastructure 
and foe quality of life, that 
would help employment and 
at the same time improve 

The government must cut 
through red tape and simplify 
that combination of what 

Paolo Annibaldi, 

Confindustria's secretary gen- 
eral. has described as “con- 
fused legislation, a stifling 
bureaucratic machine and an 
inextricable labyrinth of 

Billions of lire of public 
investment in infrastructure 
since foe war have, however, 
failed to bridge foe gap be- 
tween the north and pans of 
foe backward South. 

This autumn a possible 
threat to government policies 
has appeared with the emer- 
gence of labour icnsionsJn 
October, foe metalworkers’ 
union, after gening approval 
for their demands for a new 
labour contract approved in a 
national factory-wide referen- 
dum, called a half-day strike 
that showed they can once 
more muster support. 

Altogether, labour contracts 
affecting over eight mill ion 
workers in different sectors 
are up for renegotiation. In- 
dependent unions or guilds 
representing hospital doctors, 
airline pilots and teachers are 
also on the warpath. Much of 
the official optimism will 
evaporate if widespread la- 
bour unrest breaks out 

John Earle 


The refinery 
at your 

Saras refinery was planned, 

built and equipped to process customer’s crude ofl. 

It has a yearly processing c a pacity of 18 m&fion 

metric tons and sneb a SexSrifity as to admit, 

stock (in the huge tanks system of 3,6 million cu. mL) 

and handle any kind of crude oil 

through foe many processing stages 

asked by foe customers, offering a range 

of refined products that can meet every requirement. 





- i p v , ^ ■ 








at-Signor Gardim’s peers Leading industrialists Mario Schimberui of Montedison, left. Rani Gardini of Ferrnzzi and Carlo de Renedetti of Olivetti 

The three money musketeers 

Scarcely a week passes without news 
of'.some Italian purchase of a foreign 
company or joint venture abroad. 
Njmes such as Carlo de Benedetti of 
Ofivetii and Raul Gardini of Ferruzzi 

arg increasingly familiar to the inter- 
national public 

'Has some new species been bom, 
thginternational Italian entreprenur, 
prowling the jungle of the world 
economy? The reply in the Milan 
bisiness" world is a straight “No". 

Italian firms have been interested 
in-gx pan ding abroad for years. Pirelli 
founded Pirelli General Gable Works 
uriSouthamption in 1914. Olivetti 
had factories in Scotland and else- 
where long before Signor de 
Benedetti ’s arrival. 

The state oil corporation. ENI, set 
up a joint production venture with 
Iran in 1957 in an attack on the 
monopoly of the international oil 
companies, the Seven Sisters, as they 
used to be called. Fiat, the car-maker, 
has for years been a world trader. 

But for years foreign-minded en- 
trepreneurs faced all kinds of diffi- 
culties. First came two worid wars 
and the intervening period of Fas- 
cism, intent on economic self-suf- 
ficiency. After the Second- World 
War, energies were devoted to na- 
tional reconstruction. In the 1970s 
and early 1980s companies had to 
cope with two oil shocks, high 
inflation and recession. Investing 
abroad was hampered by a mass of 
restrictions, now being gradually 

What is new, however, is an 
explosion in entrepreunerial activity, 
as firms reap the benefit of financial 
reorganization, abundant cash flows 
and fat profits. Opportunities in Italy 

are often limited, and it is natural to 
look abroad. Even so Franco 
Reviglio. ENTs chairman, estimates 
Italian investment abroad at the 
equivalent of only 2 to 3 per cent of 
gross domestic product, about the 
same as investment by foreign com- 
panies in Italy. 

This, he said in a recent lecture in 
London, is well behind the 5 or 6 per 
cent attributed to both West Ger- 
many and Japan, let alone the 20 per 
cent estimated for the UK. All 
indications are that the Italian level 
will increase. Some 
activity goes on 
without making 
the splash that 
surrounds more 
recent actors on 
the scene. Pirelli, 
still under family 
control, sees it- 
self as Italy's 
most multinational Italian group. 
Reorganized since the failure of the 
disastrous marriage with Dunlop into 
a complicated structure of four 
companies with the Pirelli name (two 
registered in Italy, two in Switzer- 
land), it has 117 plants in 16 
countries, mostly making cables. 
About 70 per cent of group output is 
produced abroad. 

Early this year it bought Metzeler 
Kautschuk of West Germany, which 
specializes in rubber products. Other 
recent moves in the tyre sector 
include new plants in Tunisia, Brazil 
and. jointly with the Birla group, in 
Orissa state in India. 

In the cable sector, which includes 
the high-technology fields of optical 
fibres and transmission systems, 
Pirelli has bought stakes in Focom of 

Britain and Valec of France and has 
taken full control of Pirelii-Ericsson 
cables in Australia. Last year two 
small special cables and optical-fibre 
plants were opened at Eastleigh, 

By contrast, Fiat whose consoli- 
dated net profit last year of 1,326 
billion lire (about $950 million) was a 
record for an Italian concern, has a 
strong management strategy that 
evidently does, not make it an easy 
partner for foreigners. 

Ventures in motor cars with 
Citroen and in earth-moving equip 
meat with .Allis 
Chalmers of the 
US have not been 
a success. A pro- 
posal for 
collaboration in 
Europe with Ford 
broke down last 
year. Early this 
year, however, with United Technol- 
ogies, it bought a 29.9 per cent share 
in Westland helicopters. 

Signor de Benedetti, before moving 
to Olivetti, had an abortive period in 
Fiat's top management, followed by 
an ill-judged collaboration with the 
late Roberto Calvi at Banco 

One of the fastest movers on the 
international scene, he has this year 
announced eight purchases or .joint 
ventures abroad in France, the US. 
West Germany, Switzerland and. as 
subsidiary of an Italian acquisition, 
Belgium, as well as the establishment 
of a French holding company. 

Four of these initiatives are in 
computers and automation, two in 
car components, one in food and one 

in finance. They include a substantial 
stake in the French car component 
maker Valdo, and a deaf with 
Volkswagen that brought in Tri- 
umph -Adler. 

If Signor de Benedetti was the first 
of a new generation to jolt the 
established way of life, he has been 
followed by Raul Gardini of the 
Ravenna-based Ferruzzi agricultural 

Recently attention in Italy has been 
monopolized by Signor GanetinTs 
emergence as the biggest single share- 
holder in the Montedison chemical 
group, but he has not withdrawn from 
the fight for British Sugar. Ferruzzi 
already controls Eridania of Italy and 
Beghin-Say of France (paper as mil 
as sugar) and, if it adds British Sugar, 
it will become number one in Europe. 

Third of the three musketeers is 
Mario Schimbemi of Montedison 
who. in a elusive duel, has been trying 
to obtain Egyptian-born Refeat el 
Sayed's controlling share in the 
Swedish pharmaceuticals group 
Fermenta, which also has an im- 
portant Italian subsidiary, PierreL 

Signor Schimbemi has pulled 
Montedison around to profitability 
after years of losses and political, 
interference, and wishes to move 
further away from petrochemicals. 

Lastly, the stale sector should not 
be forgotten. ENI, which is making 
record profits, has through its subsid- 
iary, Agip, 162 oil and gas joint 
ventures in 27 countries. It has 
combined with ICI of Britain to make 
PVC and with a Saudi Arabian 
company to make MTBE additive for 
petrol at A1 Jubail on the Gull 

One of the fastest 
international movers, 
he has announced 
eight buys this year 

Centuries of drive to 
take on the British 

The beaatifal Venetian house 
beJongtag to Raul Gardini. 
FcmazTs fhahwnn, is ^mq| ) 
compared to the Vh milli on 
acres of farmland owned by his 
group in three continents. But 
possession of the Ca'dario, a 
recent purchase, says some- 
thing about »« ff jn_ 

To begin with, a certain self- 
confidence is needed to Eve in 
a lSth-centnry private palace 
on the Grand Canal, even just 
at weekends. It was briefly and 
trag ically inhabited fay Kit 
Lambert, the late pop-group 

with their campaign for bay- 
ing, or obtaining control, of 
British Sugar after Signor 
Gardini had added French 
interests to his already 
trial Italian biddings in 

attracted to it became he 
heard a story that somebody 
had been murdered there. 

The dominating presence in 
the house still seems to be that 
of the man who befit it, 
nrohablv de sW nt it himajlt 
leaving Ms marl: in (he form of 
a signature in Lathi across the 
fapfefie with a dedication to 
“the spirit of the city", to 
Venice itself. 

Giovanni Dario was a rich 
businessman and diplomat 
who successfully negotiated 
with the Turks when their 
military supremacy under 
Mohammad H was threaten- 
;the Venetian republic. 
bn3t up a personal 
relationship of mutual esteem 
with tiie Ottoman rater and his 
brOEant mediation won him 
die gratitude of the Venetians. 

Bat he never forgot that he 
was a businessman and that 
trade had allowed him to 
accumulate enough wealth to 
devote time to study, read and 
practise Greek, which he 
spoke well and which was 
essential to Levant diplomacy 
at the time. 

The great house across the 
eaimi from the Gritti Palace is 
an apt memorial loan original 
personality. And, if it can 
sometimes be dangerous to 
press precedents across the 
ceotnries too hard, the connec- 
tion between Giovanni Dario 
and Banl G«wt««ij merchant 
negotiators beneath the same 
roof but parted by 500 years of 
history, is far from fhnczfaL 

Like Dario, Signor Gardini 
comes from the Upper Adri- 
atic not from Venice bat from 
the prosperous provincial 
background of Ravenna. 

He and Femoad emerged 

mtn the inte r nati onal IhneBg ht 

If he dears the hurdle of the 
UK Monopolies Commission, 
which is looking at his pos- 
ition, and manages to obtain 
British Sugar against the com- 
petition mTate & Lyle, he 
woeM control nearly a quarter 
of European sugar production. 

Opposition to his ambitions 
has come from British farm- 
ers. He hopes to keep that m 
check by his appoMteent of 
Sir Richard Batter, a former 
chairman of the Farmers’ 
Union, to preside over his 
British subsidiary. He detects 

•A purchase by 
Tate & Lyle 
would mean 
nothing compared 
with the vistas 
we can open 9 

widespread diffidence hi Brit- 
ish opinion about his 

£ps grizzled nod looks — he 
is a sailor of international 
class— seem to evoke the Don 
Giovanni image, and misuse of 
funds on the part of some 
Italian fanners, especially in 
the South, from the European 
Community has probably 
contributed to this touch of 
suspicion at the presence of a 
powerful Italian group in Brit- 
ish agriculture. 

Signor Gardini is ML of 
confidence as he explains over 
dinner in the garden of 
Ca'dario why be feds he 
cannot lose. 

He has brought Ferruzzi to 
third place in turnover t er m s 

in Italy after Fiat and 
in which be has 
a 22 per cent stake, 
_ him tbesingfe biggest 

More to the point, in British 
terms, is that Ferruzzi is the 
biggest multinational operat- 
ing in the field of fndns- 
trnilized agricnltiireJie is also 

one of that sdect !*■£<£ 
Italian businessmen behind 
their country's dramatic 
expansion of hsGanational 
and activities wxucu 
was smnmed up In tbe/^w - 
dal Times’ headline. The 
ians Are Coming. . 

What he insists on is that 
the group he heads is more 
than highly prosperous: it nix 
has a phaosophy, which® 
largely Ms. His provincial 
background (meaning that be 
comes from a laud-owaisBg 
family and is married to one of 
the daughters of Scrafino 
Ferrnzzi, the form's founder, a 
neighbour in Ravenna) is the 
source of it. _ 

Hie believes in the applica- 
tion of technology to agp- 
cnlrure, and __ e xplai ns 
amusingly how his workers 
are taught to apply new meth- 
ods on Ferruzzi estates In 
Argentina or Uruguay. 

But he does not want to 
destroy country life, explain- 
ing: “It. is important to have 
forth in the idea drat the rural 
world must go on, and consoli- 
date itself still more." 

He is convinced that there is 
a strong Enk between farmers 
the world over because they all 
have the same amc to make 
tire most they can from the 
land. He sees better prospects 
for them ff they can work in a 
more unified structure. 

One of his aims is to make 
use of cereal ami sugar sur- 
pluses for industrial use, in 
biotechnology and petrol 

To do this, be believes be 
must have a large share of the 
market He is convinced that 
Britain is now irreversibty a 
part of Enrope, whatever 
residual mistru s t there may be 
towards the Continent And 
that is why he argues that he 
can offer so rnnch more than 
Ms rivals for British Sugar. 

He says “A purchase by 
Tate & Lyk would in effect 
mean nothing by comparison 
with the vistas that we can 

Tbe spirit of the boose may 
have something to do with the 
adroit way in which, fike 
Giovanni Dario, he can ufat 
the profit motive with inter' 
national negotiation and a 
confident phflosopfef m the 
" of what he is 


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leaves were founShy Abramo 
MassaJongo. an ! la lion botanist, 
in the rocks of Bolca. a small 
village high on the hills above 
Verona, near lake Garda, in 
Northern Italy 
These were dated at some 40 
million years and must have 
belonged to an early ancestor of 
the wild vine from which our 
•Vnis Vinifera' derived 
The age of the 'Ampelo- 
phylluro Bokense'. as this fossil is 
now known, makes one’s mind 
boggle, as indeed do ihe other 
fossils of past marine life to be 
found in the nny museum at 
Bolca The notion of time as we 
currently know iu becomes more 
difficult 10 grasp and yet. as one 
leaves die museum and is nearly 
run over by a roaring motorbike 
and the blaring transistor radios 
of ihe local youths fill the ah’ with 
their loud music, buiorv becomes 
suddenly very much a dung of the 

In the distance ate neat nows of 
vines covering the hillside is it 
here where the vineyard called 
Italy Qrst started 7 
we are in Veneto. a region of 
north-eastern Italy dial offers a 
great range of natural beauties. 
trom the breathtaking peaks of 
the Dolomites to the plains of the 
Adriatic coast . us well as man 
made masteroieces like Venice, 
the Queen of the sea. the capital 
of the region 
Some of the many wines 
produced here are well known to 
the consumer This is the case of 
Valpolicella. Soave and others, 
but of late new names have 
appeared on wine merchants' 
lists. Lucana. a ensp white from 
the south of lake Garda. Biunco 
di Cusioza. another white from 
the same area. Reooto Amaronc 
della Valpolicella. a densly fruity 
red with almost resj/j-Jike 
richness and the smooth flavour 
of very npe grapes, Venegazzu' a 
red made m the Bordeaux style 
that readies considerable bights 
and is regarded as one of the best 
reds of inis region 

A little further north, towards 
the Brenner Pass, is the region of 
Trenuno-Alto-Adige If you 
travel along the mrvonrav 
eventually leading to the Puss, 
you go along the vallev of the 
Adige nver and on cither side 
you see a sea of sines that 
attends to the slopes of ihe 
nearby hills 

Once upon a rime the glaciers 
pushed down along these valk-ys 
to eventuaHv form l he various 

northern Italian lakes such as that 
of Garda. 

Now. the fertile soil is borne to 
the vine as indeed it has been for 
a very longtime Several wmes 
are made here, mostly named 
after the variety that fe 
predominant in their making 
They are the various Riesling 
Itaiico. Trammer Aromarico. 
Pinoi Grjgio and many others, 
often known by their German 
names: WeL<ch'nesline. 

Gewurztra miner. Rulander 
Their tables are designed with 
a definite Austro-German style 
and they are mostly grouped 
under the umbrella of a specific 
DOC (Denommazioiie di Origin c 
Controllaia. or controlled 
denomination or origin) such as 
thai of Trentino or Alto Adige 
This system of DOC umbrellas 
has been used a bo in Friuli- 
Venezia Giulia, a small region in 
the extreme east. by the Yugoslav 
border There, the DOCi Grave. 
Lsortzo. Collio. Colli Oncntali 
each cover a dozen or so wines 
named after ihe grape variety 
they are made from and we find 
again familiar names such as 
Pinoi Grigio. Cftardonnay. Tocai 
as well as the names of varieties 
peculiar to this area such as 
verduzzo. Refosco or PkoJit 
The latter, under the DOC Colli 
Orientaii. is a legendary white 
produced by few growers that 
take particular pnde in 
perpetuating the production of 
what is known as the Chateau 
d’Yquem of Italy 
This wine wax’ well known since 
the latter pan of the eighteenth 
century and graced the tables of 
the courts or Europe 
Cryptogomic diseases first, then 
floral abortion, have destroyed 
most of the finest vineyards of 
what is reputed to be ihe best 
dessert wine made in Italy 
Fortunately. Professor 
Dalmasso, a famous Italian 
Penologist. has been successful m 
cross-breading the ptoalu variety 
with others and this i> an 
important step towards 
re-estahhsnme new vineyards 
On the whew. Italy has some 
l 15 million hcctars (just short of 
3 million acres’) under vine, with 
a production of grapes per hectar 
averaging above 9 tons Red 
wines nave Inst ground to whites 
and some varieties have 
increased their share, such as 
Cabernet Sauvignon. 

Chardonnay. Riesling Itaiico 
All twenty regions of Italy, 
produce wine and the advent of 
the Denomination of Origin Law 

just over twenty years ago. has 
dunged the whole image of 
Italian wine production and 
improved considerably the 
reputation of Italian wines 

There arc well over cwo 
hundred DOCs at the moment, 
accounting for several hundred 
wines. Some are well known 
names such as Frascati and 
Onrieio. others are obscure even 
to the average Julian consumer, 
their production being limited 
and consumption confined to a 
restricted area, others have 
names that are unpronounceable 
such us Cocc'e Mmitte di Lucera. 
a ruby red from the south near 

Since the new Law came into 
force in 1963. Italian export has 
increased seven fold and what is 
most important. Italy is now 
exporting much better quality 
wine dial ii used in 

The slow process of winning 
new consumers has been helped 
by fun wines such as Lambnisco. 
a semi-sweet, semi-sparkling red 
< and white i from Emilia- 
Romagna that may not be taken 
into serious consideration by ihe 
connoisseurs and yet has done a 
lot io fill tbe gap and shape the 
new- generation oi consumers 
helping them io eventually 
graduate to belter and more 
sophistics led choices 

Italian Restaurants in London, 
traditionally have always been 
instrumental in promoting Italian 
wines, introducing from time ro 
time more comprehensive wine 
lists: bur now the process has 
been magnified and Italian wines 
are to be found more and more in 
restaurants other than Italian and 
this is also the case of oft licence 
shops and supermarkets 

The interest in Iralran wmes 
has become more and more 
pronounced as Ihe consumption 
of wine in this country has 
increased and the sophistication 
of the consumer has opened new 
avenues and allowed lo discover 
a totally new worid in the wmes 
of 'Eniitna*. the land of grapes as 
the Italian peninsula got to be 
known m ancient urnes. covered, 
as it was. by vines 

It was the Romans who look 
over from the Greeks and tbe 
Etruscan who had brought 
oeno logical practices to Italy 
They actively cultivated the Vine 
and produced some great wines 
In their conquesis they 
introduced the practice of wine 
making in GauTand even in 
England and the production 
of wine soon became so massive 

that the emperor Donntian was 
forced to curb the spreading of 
tbe cultivation of the vine. 

Professor Dalmasso in a wort 
on Tuscan viticulture and 
oe no logy, states that the vine 
plant existed in that pan of 
northern central Italy, from the 
dawn of history, long before man 
appeared on die earth. 
According to him, some fossil 
vines found in the travertine 
rocks of S. Vivaldo, known as 
‘Vitis Ausoniae'. a variety of the 
‘Viiis Vinifera' ae to be regarded 
as che ancestors of the wild vines 
and quite possibly of the very 
vines cultivated nowadays in (his 
celebrated region. 

So, did the vineyard called 
Italy start in Tuscany? 

Certainly viticulture, as wr 
know it, was started by the 
Etruscan, a people from the 
north-east that invaded northern 
Italy and eventually settled down 
in Tuscany to which it gave the 

Here, in what Olive Hamilton 
described in her book as the 
paradise of British exiles, the 
cultivation of the vine is a major 
industry. Chianti, probably the 
best known local wine, is made 
by some seven thousand 
registered producers and its 
quality, according to their skill, 
certainly Can reach extraordinary 
heights. Tuscany ex cells as one of 
the leading wine producing 
regions of Italy and boasts reds of 

K t repute such as Brunello di 
nalcino. Nobile di 
Momepukiano asweli as the 
white Vemacria di San 
Gimignano and. of late Gales tin 
and Bianco della Lega. two new 
wines made in meet the 
requirements of the young 
drinkers of rodav. 

Brunello di Monialrino. 

Nobile di Montepulciano and 
Chianti, arc now wines of DOCG 
status The 'G' stands for 
'garantita' and this gives the 
consumer an exira assurance of 
the quality of the wine that has 
been scrupulously veiled by 
panels of tasters appointed by the 
govern mem. This category, that 
of DOCG wines only include five 
styles, the three mentioned and 
Barolo and Barbatcsco. made in 
Piedmont, the northern region 
bordering France. These too are 
red and among the best known 
wmes of haly.'ihc former often 
referred to as "the wine of the 
kings' since it was the favourite 
wine at die court of Aosta. 

Like elsewhere also here is 
Piedmont, besides the full bodied 
generous reds there is a new 
nerauun of whites such as 
>avi. made from the cunese 
grapes in on area between 
Alessandria and Genoa, and 
A (Tiers an elegant drv »me 
rediscovered near Alba. 

So. w herever ii may have 
started originally, the vineyard 
called Italy is very much ihruing 
and the choice of 'wines ii offers is 
second to none. Italy, the garden 
of Europe with iu natural " 
beauties and artistic and 
architectural treasures is still very 
much to be diseqv ered so are its 
wines whether produced on the 
slopes of the Alps or of mount 
Etna in Sicilv.on the shores of 
the c/adaf kikes of the north or 
on the uny islands scattered in 
ihcTynnenun Sea. 

The choice a vourr! 

Bruno Roncamti u ihe author of 


DOCG H’uus <& Wme Roads of 
Italy) published on 23rd October. 
"S6 bv Harper Trade Journals 
Ltd.. Hurling House, J7'5l Greta 
Suffolk Si. London SE1. price 
£6 . 05 available at Halt-hard*. 
Piccadilly or from the Publisher ui 
C 7 05 postage included 
issued by trie Italian Trade 
Centre, Uodvn. 




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1 1 


I I 

S Banking ^ n,l t 


advertisement feature 

The Generation 

of Innovation. 

Still the best value in domestic appliances. 

Next year sees the 28th 
Anniversary of Indesit in 
the UK. No. other 
continental white goods 
manufacturer has been 
established in Britain for so 
long. And considering the 
intense competition within 
this sector of the market, it’s 
a record of which the com- 
pany is justifiably proud. 



Indeed, Indesit Managing 
Director, John MaJagoni.has 
his vision confidently fixed 
on the second ‘generation’. 

John Matagoni, 
Managing Director 
“We’ve built our reputation 
on producing excellent, 
value for money machines. 
But- we've always had an 
underlying consistency of 
innovation. Reliability 
remains our first priority - 
and that of the consumer - 
but the importance of 
ongoing developments is 
vital. Now. more than ever, 
our machines are way ahead 
on pointsT' 

The . latter reference is lar 
from being the mere 
rhetoric of the man in 
charge. lndesil's new 
Omega Range has been 
responsible forarguably the 
biggest stir in the trade fora - 

Preparing the way. 
As though in preparation 
for machines of such 
importance. 18 months ago 

Indesit's Italian production 
lines underwent massive 
and irrevocable change. 
This total restructuring was. 
in truth, the implement- 
ation of long established 
plans. The end result being 
hi-tech production stream- 
lining on a grand scale. 
Achieved through admit- 
tedly heavy investment, 
this futuristic development 
has already proven to be a 
very shrewd investment. 
Exceptional thoroughness 
has been applied, particu- 
larly to both quality control 
and product design. 

The reliability factor. 

It appears that in the pro- 
cess, Indesit have dis- 
covered the secret of long 
life.- For the reliability of 
the Indesit Omega Range is 
proving phenomenal. 

Worthy testament to the 
scrupulous attention to de- 
tail at the Italian factories. 

As a matter of course 
every machine is tested on 
its. full cycle, whilst 
randomly selected models 
from the everyday product- 
ion line are given a rigorous 
500hourtesL Lasting 21 days. 

Even the slightest 
suspicion of a problem 
means that the production- 
line is halted and the entire 
batch is recalled to undergo 
investigation. • 

Attention to detail. 

Faults are rare enough, - 
since the very latest 
robotised production tech- 
niques virtually rule out the 
possibility of error. 

Inspection of even the 
smallest component takes 
place prior to production 
itself. With such extensive 
automation taking place, 
-the only labour intensive . 
area of production is that of 
quality control. Even here, 
computers are used to 
ensure that every Indesit 
product meets the high 
standard demanded. 

Precision- boilL 

This production-line pre- 
cision has not gone ignored 
by competitive makes, as 
John Malagoni reveals: 
' “The Indesit Italian factories 
do- actually produce 
products for other manu- 
facturers under their own 
brand name fordistribution 
throughout Europe. 

“It’s worth noting that 
these models almost always 
retail at substantially higher 
prices than their Indesit 
branded equivalents.” The 
old adage of ‘joining them if 
you can't beat them' still 
rings true. 

‘Total Washing 

As far as the new Indesit 
Omega Range is concerned, 
it is apparent that the 
customer was, in effect, one 
of the design technicians. 

Brian Drury, Marketing 
Director, relates: “Through 
extensive research and 
'close contacts with every 
level of the trade, it was 
increasingly obvious that as 
well as product confidence, 
customers were increas- 
ingly demanding far more 

Brian Drury, 
Marketing Director 
from their machines. More 
wash options, together wife 
certain specific benefits, 
hot all available in one 
machine. This thought 
pattern became the blue- 
print for the new Indesit 
Omega Range. We’ve put 

far more into these machines. 
Consequently, the customer 
gets far more out of an 
Indesit Omega.” 

Joining forces. 

The Indesit Omega is 
really the brainchild of not 
one but two companies. 

In arriving at their total 
washing machine concept. 
Indesit enlisted the help of 
detergent giants Procter & 
Gamble. Working closely 
with their technicians and 
keeping research findings 
firmly in mind, the Indesit 
Omega Range was form- 
ulated- Perhaps notsurpris- 
ingty, PAG have been using 
Indesit machines in their 
own laboratories forseveral 
years. (Proctor & Gamble 
- among the leading 
exponents of fabric care - 
produce Ariel Automatic. 
Particularly popular for the 
power of its slain removing 
enzymes in low tempera- 
ture washes.) 

Indesit Omega. 
What makes it so 
much better? 

If s worth looking at the 
Indesit Omega in some 
detail, for it presents the 
consumer with a unique 
proposition: ‘Other manu- 
facturers may boast one or 
two of its features, but none 
have a single npachine offer- 
ing them all.’ 

To begin with, every 
Omega has a unique ‘Total 
Stain Removal Cycle' This 
guarantees removal of 
practically any stain. A 
superbly effective wash, 
again developed with the 
co-operation of Procter & 
Gamble, h utilises the 
outstanding stain removal 
powers of low temperature 
Ariel Automatic. “ 

The next Indesit brain- 
wave: a ‘Hand Wash Cycle’ 
which is actually gentler 
than the human hand. The 
drum performs a slow tilt 
and rock action that gives 

the care and attention most 
people would not have the 
patience to provide. 

Another problem solved 
was how to out-think 
unsightly creases. Omega's 
‘Anti-Crease Programme' 
simply dispenses with the 
final spin, and allows water 
to drain, ready for drip 
drying. A further innovation, 
the Omega ‘Fast Multi- 
Fabric Wash’ Designed 
especially for lightly soiled 
clothing, cutting time, 
energy and even water 

The Indesit relationship 
with Procter & Gamble has 
also ensured that each 
Omega actually gives 
lasting care to fabrics. In 
addition each machine in 
the Omega Range features 
an energy saving, over-ride 
feature and half load 
facility. Both can drastically 
reduce the cost of the family 
wash. A choice of spin 
speeds is further included. 

Crayfon! Head Office. Showrooms and Warehouse Complex. 
A better machine at a . HII : ■ ~ JM 

better price. 

Most importantly from a 
marketing standpoint, the 
Indesit Omegas are more 
competitively priced than 
many machines offering far 
less. While every Omega 
comes with the added 
advantage of a free 5 Year 
Components Guarantee. 

Considering the fascia 
design of the Omega, the 
expression ’user-friendly' 
seems never more apt. It’s a 
design that invites, rather 
than intimidates. The 
finishing touch to a washing 
machine range of un- 
doubted superiority. 

However, Indesit can not 
only boast star performers 
in the washing machine 

Take the Indesit Omega 
Rapide Super Dishwasher. 
A slightly grandiloquent 
title perhaps. But it is 
difficult to understate this 


° ’ • 


. v vC. 
' . • . 

2Sfei tJBfCg? 

Omega Washing Machine 

OnlyAn Indesit Omega 


machine's extraordinary 

The Current European 
Record Holder. 

The average dishwasher 
completes a full load in 
around 75 minutes. The 
new Omega Rapide Super 
can finish the job in around 
18 minutes. A record time 
which has made the Rapide 
Super the fastest dish- 
washer in Europe. 

Thorough too, it has a 
special power cycle for 
heavily soiled crockery, and 
a gentle cycle that can even 
dishwash bone china. 
(While the Omega badge 
• entitles it to a full 5 Year 
Components Guarantee.) 

Fridge freezing has. 
always been an Indesit 
stronghold also. Open the 
doors of an Indesit fridge 
freezer in a showroom, and 
this is understandable. 
Everything from tilting 
shelves - enabling the user 
to store open bottles and 
cartons when the fridge is 
full - to skirting cutaways, 
so everything fits Hush. 

From Indesit's point of 
view, nothing beats a good 

Traditional Indesit 

Throughout their history, 
Indesit UK has always 
maintained a strong profile 
in the market Its traditional 
strengths here being ever 
wider distribution through 
the multiples, such as 

fr\ SP«* 

^dish.icwiJI non-con*.- . ^ 


Sjk A Risr Muln-ftbric Programme 
IrM cleans lightly soiled dodies 

-leans Iigfuly soiled dodies 
3 /ite. in record time. 

l* 1 



WrVe packed a great deal into the Indesit 

In fact, it has more features dun many far 
more expensive machines. Indeed, }Ou1I go 
on discovering benefits long after your Indesit 
Omega has been installed. 

Little wonder die Indesii Omega is set to 

So our advice b simple: do not buy a 
washing machine. 

Until you have seen an Indesit Omega for 
yourself Who says you can' r have too mueji of 
a good thing? 

4 indesii 

Fridge Freezer combi 

Comet. Currys, Co-op, service o 

Electricity Boards, Supreme, The 

Rumbelows, Power City, products 

Ultimate and Wigfails. undoubh 

Together with famous dc- responsit 

panmental stores, including the shot 

Debenhams.and many other boro Sal 

outlets. (In Northern Ireland, “We have 

the large distributors fine art. 

Solomon and Peres have graphic 

recently come into the fold leaving 7 

to cover demand in the UKwithi 

Province.) It’s fair to say The ti 
that the major retailers in Italian 

Britain, along with Indesit which th* 

UK, have frequently worked direct to 

together with the chief trolled b 

designers to construct the of over 81 

ideal machines for the Brit- Once < 

ish consumer. around 

Service confidence. vjaCrayl 

An obvious pride exists quarters) 

in the Indesit Nationwide ii 0 n is c 

Service organisation which a comp 

has been steadily builtintoa efficient < 

more cohesive force. r . . 

Over 2Y? million Indesit fnena 

appliances are used At trai 

throughout Britain, so a could ne 

reliable service network is lack of 

crucial. Tom Botting, Their m 

Indesit Service Controller, for retaik 

explains the service most efft 

philosophy: “Rather than rehensive 

being a separate entity, the Stoning v 

engineers are very much a ing. 
part of the whole operation. Audio' 

As a result there’s a great help the p 

deal of mutual under- floor to 

standing, which ultimately derstandi 

means the retailersells with machines 

increased confidence.” Says checklists 

Botting: “We now encourage trade, cor 

farmore dialogue with shop machine 
managers. It’s the kind of specificat 

relationship many manu- Point of s; 

facturers without their own factories 

service organisation envy."- 
The importance of-- 
products arriving on time is 1 ‘ 
undoubtedly crucial. The- 
responsibility here rests on - : 
the shoulders of Sicilian '..I 

boro Salvatore Malluzzo^,;, 

“We have delivery down toa 
fine art. Despite the gco-T-- 
graphic distances, goods.' \ 
leaving Turin can be in the-^ 
UK within 24 hours.” 

The trip starts at the 
Italian factories, from- * 
which the goods are railed 
direct to a computer con- -- 
trolled base in Boulogne '■* 
of over 80,000 square feet. 

Once over the channel 
around 60 custom-buil t, „ 
Indesit tautiiners take over. - 
ViaCrayforddheUKhead- -C 
quarters) the final distiibu- * 
tion is co-ordinated. It is-; ; 
a complex but highly • - 
efficient operation. X Z 

Friends in (jhe trade. « • 

At trade level, Indesit£ l 
could never be accused of? ■ 
lack of communication.*; 1 
Their marketing packaged S 
for retailers is probably the ■* ■ 
most effective and comp- • Z 
rehensive in the business. » " 
Starting with product train- £ ■ 
ing. * ■ 

Audio visuals are used to* * 
help the person on the shop > ; 
floor to an increased un- £ - 
derstanding of the Indesit*; « 
machines produced. Indesit £ 4 
checklists, unique in thej; ; 
trade, contain every Indesit* ■» 
machine and its complete Z C 
specification at a glance. £ ’ 
Point of sale, attached at the • 
factories in Italy, gives • I 

a*a *Er 

Some of lndesil's Fleet of 60 Tautiiners. 

To put it into sharp 
perspective , Indesit have no 
less than 32 service centres 
covering Britain. With 
more than 300 highly trained 
engineers, all of whom are 
mobile and have ready 
access to a multitude of 
spare parts. (In point of fact 
there are literally millions 
of spare parts available to 
the British engineers.) As 
far as Indesit’s service 
organisation is concerned, 
no one can better it 

customers the opportunity 
of seeing the benefits of 
the machine at a glance. 
(A competition currently 
running offers customers 
the chance of winning back 
the cost of their machine.) 
An up to the minute 
merchandising service 
alerts retailers to promo- 
tional news and develop- 
ments in advertising. In 
fact, Indesit are insistent on 
keeping the trade constantly 


mm wUir wd bqi <nrd bt pnro> • 

The Generation Of Innovation 



*> indesit 

Omega Rapide Super Dishwasher 

Working together. 

The Procter & Gamble 
connection doesn't end at 
product development 

Co-operation in the past 
has led to successful joint 
TV advertising campaigns. 
And not just with P & G. 
Soilax, the makers of well 
known dishwasher powder. 
Finish, also have a 
televisual relationship with 

1987 will witness the most 
ambitious joint campaigns 
yeL The content of which 
has a sound base, judging 
from the present crop of 
Indesit machines. 

As John Malagoni says: 
“The Omega machines arc 
the true realisation of our 
company statement ‘The 
Generation of Innovation'.” 

From what the Omegas 
offer on features, it’s very 
hard to argue with that 

iiuc i i-KlUAl LWJlOPCK Ji 11700 





jr* K*.;<4 x :V s Vi’»".^ 

Market economics: Rino 
Coppola buys fresh pro- 
duce every morning and 
has the highest turnover 
in the district. His famil y 
have been in the business 
since 1940 

A bigger 
slice for 

On a windswept hill on the 
edge of Ancona stands a tiny 
bedding which houses an in- 
stitute concerned with study- 
ing the stractere of indnstry 
and marketing. It is an exam- 
ple of Italian iageasity, ftdfil!- 
ing a need not met by the state. 

Professor Giorgio Fna\ 
president and founder tf the 
latitats Adriano Olivetti di 
stndi per la Gestione 
deirEcouomia e delle Azieade 
Ostno), eypfal"* that it “came 
<nt^jMTt' by default in 1967 
because the faculty of econom- 
ics at Anemia university could 
not match the demands made 
upon It* being too theoretical 
and abstract”. 

Professor Fna’ is farterested 
in die immediate abdication 
of economics, not ia its theory. 
Apart from the Marches, us 
native region, the Ninth-East 
- Veneto and Frinli-Veaezia 
Giulia — and most of sonthern 
Italy have never been 
agricnlbirany rich, because of 
tiirir mountainous terrain, 
developing instead small in- 
dustries, manufacturing far- 
nitme, toys, suitcases, dines 
and textiles. 

The problem is tow to 
iutrodnee technology into 
these ferns without damaging 
their indrridnal and en- 
treprCTenrial talent, and to 
remedy their faihre to plan 
expansion property. 

Professor Fna 1 and his team 
at Istao apply, economics to 
industry, and in particular to 
the small-business sector. 

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where firms tend to expand at 
random. The institm 
both futnre i ndus t ria lists and 
experienced managers to 
apply their knowledge to the 
problems of growing 

The children of hard-work- 
ing, self-made men in Italy are 
prone to become spoilt and 
un inte r e sted in their fathers’ 
businesses. The fathers do not 
like to give power to somebody 
outside the family circle. They 
hate to rfpkg ate to a trained 
manag er and would not think 
of sending their children to 
attend a coorse on practical 

“Istao’s Ideal seminarist is 
the son of the man who 

founded the business,” Profes- 
sor Fna’ says. “If we succeed 
in attracting fathers ami their 
song, alter an ™dal resistance 
we mem with a certain success. 

“Some are drawn by the 
famous names in industry who 
give the occasional seminar. 
When both fathers and sons 
see that Istao can be useful, 
they return. They even think 
of looking for a qualified 

Most of those who consult 
the institute tend to have small 
businesses employing 20 to 25 
people and are conscious of 
their Hmitations. AO export 
fhgSr produce bnt often at 
unfavourable prices, a neg- 
ative kind of expansion. 

k ’ST ^ . % ... 
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. •• .- •• 

Small wonder the Ciuffo family — Alessandro, left, fa- 
ther Sergio, and Alessandro's brother Paolo on thei r 
ma gazine stall The family have sold 3,000 different 
titles since 1932 

Milan Alphabet 

T vtoo was founded byjj* 

Social Science 

Council m New York ansi the 
Olivetti Foundation, with the 
help of the US Council for 
National Research. . 

It does not aim at ®«ing 

money. Professor 
“Its object is to cont ribute to 
the pnMic interest by fw»mg 
pofesaoud cadres to i nMjy 
the economy through activity 
complementary to those wjw* 

are taught at universities. This 

Is achieved through coiffses, 
seminars, meetings, studies, 
research and other 
initiatives." , , 

The board of Istao mdndes 
Carlo Azegfio Gampi, Gov- 
ernor of the Bank of Italy, and 

the- fa d ih ite indudes many 
weB-knowa politidans, econo- 
nwtv and industrialists a mong 

its members. 

Most of its fimds come from 
the EEC, the Bank of Italy, 
the para-statal organizations 
IRI and ENI and the Marches 
region. The institute depends 
partly m the goodwill of 
private enterprise. . 

Professor Fna* worked m 
Rome with die late Enrico 
Mattei, head of ENI, before 
re timing to Ancona., A 
slightly buBt man of teage 
energy, with crisp gray hair 
•ml a broad smile, be has 
become almost a legend among 
Industrialists and economists. 

He was the fast to under- 
stand the importance of 
“Mack" labour in the Italian 


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Piazza Navnna at night is a 
marvellous sight Mesmeriz- 
<ng luminous lights mingle 
with aquamarine water as it 
cascades over Bcanini’s foun- 
tain, casting a bewitching spdl 

over this Roman piazza. 

Caricature artists gather on 
canvas stools to entertain 
tourists, many American, as 
they stroll between the Tie 
Scalini cafe and their hotels. 

This is the scene most 
tourists know. Bat this year 
the atmosphere in the piazza 
is different. The caricaturist is 
not amused as he paces idly 
around the fountain looking 
hopefully for poops of Ameri- 
cans lo stop with his ske tches 
The assumption that US tour- 
ists win, like swallows, arrive 
with the spring has received a 
fundamental shock. 

A fall of more 
than 50 per cent 

The volatile nature ofMedi- 
terranean politics, the anti- 
Americanism of Colonel 
Gadaffi, the December massa- 
cres at Rome and Vienna 
airports dose on the heels of 
the TWA and Achifle Lauro 
hijacks, outrage in the US 
press and the bombing of 
Libya m April have cut some 
categories of US tourists to 
Europe and Italy by 75 per 

Worst- affected have been* 
Rome, Venice and Florence, 
whose five-star de luxe hotel 
chains like Ciga, Sheraton and 
Holiday Inn, and quality 
shops such as Gucci and 
Fendi, normally welcome a 
high proportion of these US 

Last year nearly three mil- 
lion American tourists spent 
their dollars in Italy. This year 
a fell of more than 50 per cent 
is expected. 

For the first time in the 
history of Italian tourism, 
public and private operators, 
including Bait, the Italian 

Terrorist attacks in 
Europe have 
stopped many 
American tourists 
from going to Italy. 
Millions are now 
being spent to bring 
them back 

government travel office. 
Alitalia, the Italian airliwr 

FAIAT, the Italian hp ttliCB S 

association, American Ex- 
press, and Banco Nationals 
del Lavoro, joined forces to 
launch a S4-Z million advertis- 
ing and public-relations ram. 
paign in the US. 

The campaign, which 
started on September 29 and 
runs until November 3, ha* 
placed TV commercials on 38 

The promotion includes a 
$1.4 million press campaign 
aimed at publications such as 
The Los Angeles Times, New 
Yorker and USA Today, and a 
public relations drive offering 
trips to Italy to the American 
press and travel trade. A 
similar promotion, costing £3 
million, is to be launched in 
Britain and Japan. 

Hus year US tourists head- 
ing for Europe were given the 
fbflowing advice by American 
Express: it is a personal de- 
cision, and we recommend 
travellers be prudent and ex- 
ercise commonsense white 
abroad. It was not surprising 
that in the four months from 
April to July this year, 50,000 
fewer Americans went to Italy 
than in the same period last 

Their absence is a serious 
blow to the tourist industry, 
which generates 25,000 billion 
lire (about £12^ billion) a year 
and employs 1.8 minion peo- 
ple, SO per cent full-time, the 
rest in high season. 

Incentive travel has re- 
ceived the hardest blow, with 
cancellations of between 80 
and 100 per cent Given the 
advance nature of bookings 
for this type of travel, there is 
tittle hope of recovering next 
year’s losses. It is not expected 
to pick up again before 1988. 

Last year, Italy’s gross na- 
tional product was worth 
684,843 billion Ere. Of this, 
16,722 billion Ere, or 23 per 
cent, came from tourism as 
foreign currency earnings. This 

'3 *A*Tc - SCAUW! 


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Pigeons galore, but tourists are lacking in Botogna’s Piazza Maggjore. Right in Rome’s 
Piazza Navnna, as instant-portrait artist has wd* a catch 

exceeded by 12362 billion lire 
the sum spent by Italians 
holidaying abroad, and com- 
pares with a 6,000 billion lire 
surplus in 1980. 

Latest estimates for 1986 
suggest that the loss of 52 per 
cent of the US tourist market 
will produce a fell of 8 percent 
in foreign currency earnings or 
about 1,000 billion lire. 

What causes the 
collective folly? 

Despite this loss in dollar 
Inflow, tourist earnings for 
1986 are expected to remain at 
the same level as in 1985, but, 
as the Bank of Italy points out 
this is not a positive result. 
The felting dollar and ofl 
prices will do more to close the 
trade deficit for 1986 than 

Fortunately, the disastrous 
situation winch prevailed be- 
tween April and August ap- 
pears to be easing . Erut 
estimates that the year will 

dose with a 0.7 per cent 
increase in earnings, despite a 
drop in foreign visitors of 2.1 

A 2.5 per cent increase in 
the number of Italians taking 
holidays at home, and rising 
numbers from countries such 
as Britain (up 10 per cent) and 
Japan (up 3 per cent) have 
provided a counterbalance. 

Alitalia, Pan Am and 
American Express all confirm 
that business is at last picking 
iqx Dr Giuseppe Sebasti, 
Alitalia's vice director of sales, 
said: '“We suffered a very 
serious loss of 25 per cent in 
US-Italy traffic between April 
and July. We have never had a . 
decrease of this amount 
before.” Alitalia had to cut 
capacity by .10 per cent 

Angelo Bettoia, chairman of 
FAIAT, said: “In 40 years as a 
hotelier I have never experi- 
enced a crisis of this son. It is 
not just terrorism that has 
made the US tourist abandon 
the European market, but a 

collective folly and we must 
find out what is causing this. 

“My big fear Is that, tike the 
start of any new vogue or 
fashion by a small minority, it 
will catch on. Rome, Venice 
are Florence are the national 
flags of tourism, but if the 
image of big cities is suddenly 
not as brilliant, we shall start 
to get a recession. This is 
where the risk lies.” This year 
15.6 per cent fewer people 
have visited those three cities.. 

In response to Signor 
Bettoia's concern, the 
hoteliers’ federation has initi- 
ated a research project ax 
Perugia university, in 
conjunction with other major 
universities such as New 
York's Cornell, to find out 
what is causing the decline. 

But Italians be reassured. A 
survey just published by the 
Pennsylvania Institute shows 
that after Denmark, Italy is 
the country where most 
Americans would like to live. 

Judith Parsons 

ii- t 


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J^INW*> T * <rV 

jUuriw' K F *5- 4 ~ 



Omas has been creating fine writing instruments 
since 1925. 

Founded by Cavafiere Armando Simoni, pioneer 
of the Italian writing instruments, Omas items 
are today manufactured using the very latest 
technology while preserving all the tradition 
of c ra fts mans hip that have made OMAS unique. 
It is these high standards of quality to cany a 
lifetime guarantee. 

OMAS S.r.1. 

Via del Fonditore, 10 - Bologna - Haifa 
Tel. 051 -532446 - Telex 51 1823 OMAS I 

Companies of the ENI Group are always working 
towards this end in all continents of the world. 

Today, over one third of the total revenue of the Group is 
derived from sources outside Italy through the supply of 
goods and services, many of which, due to their advanced 
technology, have been incorporated into the industrialisation 
and development plans of many countries and which have 
also helped Italian products to penetrate those markets. 

ENI Group companies are involved in all aspects of the 
energy sector, including the chemical industry, engineering 
and services, mechanical manufacturing, textile machinery 
and textiles, along with mining and metallurgy. 

In some of the sectors, such as engineering and services 
and mechanical manufacturing. Group companies are more 
heavily involved in international projects than in the Italian 
domestic scene. 


^Agip feAgipP&troi &Snam ^AglpCarbone *Samim H^EniChem 
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Why farming falls 
on thorny ground 

Anyone who thinks of Italian 
farming as an easy business in 
a sunny Mediterranean coun- 
try where everything grows is 
deeply mistaken. Nature has 
provided proportionately 
more mountains and difficult 
hilly ground than anywhere 
else in the European 

Then man has complicated 
things by setting up the 
equivalent of more than 20 
ministries dealing with agri- 
culture throughout the 

The Ministry of Agriculture 
m Rome has overall authority, 
except for fisheries (Ministry 
of Merchant Marine) and 
animal health (veterinary 
department of the health min- 
istry). There was. therefore, 
little the minister could do 
beyond protest when Brussels 
decided to ban animal imports 
from Italy during a recent foot 
and mouth epidemic — it was 
his colleague at the health 
ministry who had to act on the 

in other branches of agri- 
culture the effective voice is 
that of the .issessoraio or 
“Ministry" of Agriculture in 
each of the 20 regional govern- 
ments. Under the constitution 
“hunting, fishing in internal 
waters, agriculture and 
forestry" are among matters 
on which the regions legislate. 

This has encouraged the 
growth of local lobbies and 
pressure groups, amid a gen- 
erally politicized atmosphere. 

For years the Christian 
Democrats have bad a strong 
following among peasants and 
smallholders with their 
Colnvaion Dirctn organiza- 
tion. In areas where the left is 
strong the Communist-Social- 
ist Confcoltivaton are a force 
to be reckoned with. 

The third big farmers 
organization, Confagncoltura, 

claims to be non-political 
though it is a natural mouth- 
piece for the large and often 
technically more advanced 

It suns the politicians to 
keep holdings numerous and 
small — each Sinning family 
represents votes — and to 
retain farmers' loyalty with a 
policy of subsidies and hand- 
outs. Farmers come to take 
easy credit and cut-price facil- 
ities for granted. This is 
reflected in Brussels, where 
the Italians have the reputa- 
tion of being quick oft the 
mark in asking for aid 

The press writes of delib- 
erate overproduction of Sicil- 
ian oranges or Neapolitan 
tomatoes or of claims submit- 
ted for more olive trees de- 
stroyed by winter frost than 
were planted all for the sake of 
some national or European 

Officials at Confagncoltura 
are the first to criticize the 
politicized mentality and 
malpractices m the farming 
world. At the root of the 
trouble, they maintain, is the 

6 Every litre of 
olive oil 
make costs 
at least 

three times its 
market value 9 

absence of a long-term govern- 
ment strategy that would give 
agnculture the same national 
priority as in northern 
Community countries. 

Any policy worthy of the 
name must take into account 
the diversified types of form- 
ing from hill to plain and from 
the temperate north to the arid 
south. The result is a frag- 
mented patchwork of holdings 
officially only an average 4.8 
hectares (about 11.9 acres) 
compared to 10.7 in Spain, 64 
in Britain and 160 in the US. 

Italy's 2,832,000 forms are 
10 times more numerous than 
Britain's 269,000. Out of the 
country's working population 
12.3 per cent are still on the 

These figures reflect a still 
backward and vulnerable agri- 


f . 



T cr 

culture. It is exposed to com- 
petition from the newer 
Community members, 
Greece. Spain and Portugal, 
though politically their in- 
terests coincide and, if they 
can speak with one voice, they 
can cany more weight in 

Farmers' organizations ex- 
press more concern about the 
threat from other Mediterra- 
nean countries and, above all, 
from the US, whose protec- 
tionist tendencies are seen as 
more dangerous for Italy than 
for northern Europe. ■ 

For years agriculture has 
represented the second biggest 
deficit in the trade balance, 
after oil. But while the oil 
deficit is slackening the agri- 
cultural deficit has risen 
relentlessly from 5.068 billion 
lire in 1986 to more than 
17.000 billion lire (about £8.5 
million) now. 

Much of this is structural 
and difficult to reduce signifi- 
cantly. Confagricultura es- 
timates that 45 per cent is 
made up of commodities not 
produced at home (coffee, tea, 
cocoa, tropical fruits) or used 
by industry manufacturing for 
export (hides, cotton, wool) 
and another 14 per cent is 
subject to Community 
production ceilings (dairy pro- 
duce, sugar). 

In the last half of the 1970s 
the value of agricultural 
production rose by an average 
annual 2.7 per cent. Bui in the 
1980s it has been declining — 
by an estimated 1J per cent in 
real terms in 1985 and by 2.9 
percent in 1984. 

Yet, if these figures make 
discouraging reading, certain 
facts should not be forgotten. 
Italy remains second to 
France as agricultural pro- 
ducer in tbe Community, 
ahead of West Germany and 
Britain. It has the biggest wine 
output in the world, even if its 
reputation took a blow with 
the methanol scandal, which 
was confined to a limited area 
and a handful of producers. 

h is behind only the US as 
producer and exporter of fruit 
and vegetables, though orange 
and lemon exports to northern 
Europe are in serious decfine. 
Its 25 per cent Share of 
northern Europe's citrus fruit 
requirements in 1960 had 
fallen, according to 

Traditional and modern: a peasant woman i_ 
crop, and above, a spraying maching solves the t 

Confagncoltura, to 4 per cent 
in 1985. It is Europe's biggest 
producer of olive oil. 

On the micro-economic 
level, forming can be a highly 
successful and profitable busi- 
ness. In the Lombardy plain 
some dairy forms achieve 
milk yields claimed to com- 
pare with the best of those in 
the US. Among wines, 
Brunello of Montalcino in 
Tuscany would not have 
achieved its reputation but for 
the flair of individual vine- 
yard owners like the Biondi- 
Santi family and Donna 
Francesca Colombiai. 

A tast developing field 
is that of soya cultivation, in 
which Italy is now leader in 
Europe, while interesting 

experiments are under way in 
the south to grow the oil-rich 
jojoba tree from New Mexico. 
The list could go on. 

Sometimes Britons who buy 
a place in the Italian country- 
side are tempted into forming. 
They must be prepared for an 
expensive hobby. Sir Joseph 
Cheyne, curator of the Keats- 
Shelley memorial house in 
Rome, has 10.5 hectares in 
Umbria and, he said: "Every 
litre of olive oil I make costs at 
least three times its marked 
value.” His son has therefore 
branched into another activ- 
ity, running a horse-riding 
school it is sideline fields 
such as this that may offer 


Surviving the wine scandal 

The last thing tbe Italians wanted this spring 
was a wine scandal. Just as the finest and 
rarest Italian wines were at tast bringing 
worldwide respectability, credibility and pres- 
tige for their first division growers, the methyl 
alcohol crisis occurred — passably the most 
shocking the wine world has experienced. 

OversSgfet the worM's press was full of grim 
reports of Italy's distinctly dubious vinous past 
when substances as diverse as banana skins 
and ox Mood had found their way into Italian 
wine vats. Added to which were tbe horrific 
daily accounts of the methyl alcohol scandal 
that in the end resulted hi 21 known deaths. 

Methyl alcohol or methanol is a normal by- 
prod set of fermentation that can occur 
naturally op to a level of 0.5 grams a litre. The 
Italian limit is 0J grams a fibre for red wine 
and 0.25 grams for white. 

Methyl alcohol is not the same substance as 
ethyl alcohol, which the body can 
tolerate. Just 10 mUfifitres of methanol causes 
blindness in some, and 30 could be fatal. 

How Italian wine came to be contaminated 
with a known poison to lethal levels is still a 
question that has not been answered fully by 
the Italian authorities. 

The first producer to be implicated was 
Vincenzo Odore, a bottler in Piedmont whose 
two litre bottles of contain mated Barbers woe 
on sale in Italian supermarkets for ludicrously 
low prices. 

One of Signor Odore's suppliers was the 
Gravegna family, also based in Piedmont, 
which was apparently the major source of 
methanol-contaminated wine. Three other 
suppliers of these lethal wines — Signori 
Barondu, Bernard! and Fusco — were also 

Like Ciravegpa most of these firms were 
based in north-west Italy in Piedmont, but 
some of the contaminated wines came from the 

Ail of the methanol-laced wine was confined 
to tbe low priced, low quality level of the Italian 
wine market. At this end of the chain, wine is 
sold more on alcohol degree and cheapness of 
price ritun on any quality factor. 

Italian wine laws, unlike those of France, 
forbid chaptafization where sugar is added to 
tbe fomenting juke to increase the eventual 
alcohol degree of the wine. 

Disreputable, greedy Italian producers keen 
to increase a wine's alcohol degree and also its 
price have to resort to other methods. Hence 
the nse of methanol, which is both easy to add 
and use ad difficult to trace. : 

No one, however, would wish to kill offtkerr 
customers deliberately and many fees ti*** 
Ciraveana family and others hnscalcu***®* ; 
when doctoring ftseir wines with me*™ 11 *®*: . 

Another theory claims that die faethm>sl 
laced wines were due. to be distilled as P*rt “ ; 
the EEC programme to co ntain the wmetsme- 
With the EEC distillate payroente raide « . 

fetch a higher price. The deaths apparently ; 
occurred when someone mistakenly connected 
the wrong lorry to the wrong tank. 

It is unlikely that the full story wffl ever be , 
known. , ’ 

Given such a sequence of evests, 

most Italian wine traders in Britain felt that ft 
would pm the pray ** , reputation and sales or 

their wines hack lift years. 

In fact the reverse has occurred. Safe®-, 
suffered only a slight dip during the few weeks 

the event was reported and have now phased up . 

to levels that are better than ever before. 

Unlike tire damaging after-effects of u* 
Austrian dr-ethylene glycol scand al whkh . 
crippled the salesef Austrian wines, the Italian 
methanol crisis was Bunted to the cheapest, - 

Methanol is easy to use /vi- 
and difficult to trace - 

low quality wine none of which, as far as* 
anyone knows, has been exported to Britain. . 4 
1 m addition, the names of tire Italian - 
producers involved woe obscure and unknown 
to tire British market, whereas the Austrian 
producers were wen known off-Ucenoe and- 
wine merchant names. 

As the Methan ol crisis grew tbe Italian -= 
authorities, not normally noted far their, quick: 
reflexes, did take relatively prompt steps, •- 
confiscating wmtamiMtHl wine and imprisoa-T 
ing tire gufity producers. 

The autho r ities also insisted fast all ItafiaaV 
wines to be exported must have a deair. 
Cer tificat e of Analysis before leaving the 
country. - • z 

Resato Tresthu, director of Alivini, one of 
the leading Italian wine importer, and Master' 
of Wine, Nicholas BeKntge, a specialist in 
Italian wine, see tlds as a re&ogade step , 
leading to lengthy delays and excessive 
expense on the part of tire producers. 

Jane MacQoitiy; 

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there is always something good. 

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of taste. 


a little magic 

Citrus fruit sweet and sour, like the land of Sardinia. Olive oil as genuine as Sardinia is, and 
tasty olives, matured in the Sardinia air. And grapes; sincere and frank, full of sunshine as the 
wines are... and so many other products, generous like Sardinia, expressing Sardinia and with 
Sardinia’s inimitable taste, like the cheese, the tomatoes, honey and artichokes. From today it 
will be easy to recognise them: the white Sardinia on a red background iable wifi set them apart 
from the rest 


White wines. Reds. Dessert wines. 

Sardinian foods. Naturally good. 

Redone Antonoma della Sardegna* Assessorato Agricoltaro eRtfomre^ro-Pasiorale. fi B 

Via Pessag no - 1 09100 Cagfiari (Italy) - Telex 613599 RASAGR I 

Regione Antonoma della Sardegna. Assessorato Agrfcoltura e Rifbrma Agro-Pastor^ : 

Via Fessagno -1 09100 Cagliari CM#.- Telex 613599 RASAGR L ■ 


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Jane MacQ 

Quality oflife and 
high income combine 
to malm Bologna an 
exceptional provincial 
town in which to live. 
Judith Parsons takes a 
closer look at this 
singular city 

What do torteilini, Bruno 
Magli shoes and the writer 
Umberto Eco all have in 
common? They are the prod- 
ucts of Bologna, the provincial 
capital of Emilia Romagna, 
Italy's hardest working region. 

Here, the bon temponi 
(good-time Charley) who 
works hard all day and enjoys 
relaxing ar night is no myth. 

Bologna's distinctive pink- 
brown palazzi and cobbled 
streets skirted with miles of 
gracefully arching porticoes 
still reverberate with a vigour 
and prosperity that refuses to 
be quenched. 

And, as if to confer some 
special distinction, two 12th 
century towers, the due tone 
of Asmelli and Garisenda, still 
tilt commas dingly over the 
heart of the city. 

Skilfully set into Bologna's 
Gothic and Renaissance past 
are rows of shops whose 
perfect windows bespeak 
monied shoppers and a Bo- 
lognese love of conspicuous 

In many ways the town, 
which has ; population of 
435,000, represents much that 
is attractive and typical of 
provincial life in Emilia-Ro- 
magna under a Communist 
local government 
Like neighbouring Modena, 
Parma and Reggio Emilia, 
Bologna has a high per capita 
income, ranking 13th in Italy. 
Modena is second. 

But tins- is only part of the 
■*” pictarfcin-tenns of quality of 

life — income, housing, trans- 
port, medical services and a 
healthy environment - Bo- 
logna is second to none in 
Italy, according to Profess or 
Stefano Zamagni. vice direc- 
tor of John Hopkins Univer- 
sity in the city. 

Like other towns in the 
region, Bologna has no serious 
unemployment problem, less 
than g per cent, compared to 
1 1 per cent for the rest of the 
country, and boasts the high- 
est rate of female employment 
in Italy. 

But it is the most expensive 
town to live in, according to 
the National Institute of 
Statistics, 1ST AT, followed by 
Parma, Piacenza, Modena and 


The city has provided a 
pattern for economic develop- 
ment: the Bolognese model. 
The secret of its success has 
appare ntly been the combina- 
tion of a stable political 
environment — the Com- 
munist Party (PCI) has been 
in charge since the Second 
World War — the absence of 
heavy industry and the close 
inter-reaction of small and 
medium sized firms employ- 
ing between 50 and 500, a 
characteristic of the region. 

Mechanical engineering, the 
making of automated mar 
chine tools, pharmaceuticals 
and service industries domi- 
nate Bologna. 

Concentrated in an un- 
usually straight line along the 
old Roman Via Emilia, the 
factories look modem and 
well designed. 

While the agricultural tra- 
dition remains strong and 
Bolognese cuisine still excels, 
the farmer too is moving into 
newer and increasingly tech- 
nical pastures like genetic seed 

Service industries are every- 
where in evidence, as 
Bologona is host to Italy’s 
third most important trade 
fair complex mid home of 
Europe’s oldest university. 

Specializing in law and 
medicine, the university has 
just started its 900th anniver- 
sary celebrations to 
commemorate foundation In 

With 60,000 students, form- 
ing 13 per cent of ^Bologna’s 


, t I V ■ ■ 


; £*.■*£■* *■ 

An eye for the Masters: appreciating the Correggio and Carracci exhibition at Bologna’s Museo Cmco 

Money galore for the arts 

Cultural life in Bologna is enjoying new 
for two reasons, the start of the 
mtirersfty’s 900th anniversary celebra- 
tions and' the sponsorship of cultural 
activities by big industry, which has 
suddenly come into vogue. 

“We have never had so much money to 
spend on culture before,”said Anna 
Ottani Carina, Professor of art histtxy in 
Bologna. IBM, Montedison and Olivetti 
are all giving generously. 

Bologna has long been an international 
cultural landmark and was a compulsory 
stop on the 19th century Grand Tour, 
although tourists today tend to speed 

Thanks to the collecting zeal of 
Napoleon, who dosed aB Bologna’s 
churches and convents, placing all works 
of art be did not sequester to Paris b a 
public mll ffth " — klflp M bow has in 

the Pinacoteca Nationals, in Via Belle 
Arti, one of Europe’s greatest concentra- 
tions of sacred paintings. 

“While Bologna was politically weak 
before the Risorgimento, it did have a 
strong cultural identity with two golden 
centuries of painting in the 14th and 17th 
centuries,” Professor Carina said. 
’These survived, doe mostly to the 

“The paiMiMgs suited the tastes of the 
19th century British public who liked the 
classical elegant style in contrast with 
say Caravaggio's dark and violent 
emotions,” said Professor Carina. 

Italy's most important exhibition this 
y edit “The age of Correggio and of 
Carracci, two centuries aT Bolognese 
Painting”, is now on show at Bologna’s 
Civic Museum of Archaeology. Or- 
ganized in major part by Professor 

Carina, the exhibition will go on to New 
York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and 
Washington's National Gallery. 

It marks the start of the university 
celebrations, which will include a musical 
festival in the spring and an exhibition of 
Guido Re ill's painting s. Exhibits of the 
university's 17th aid 18th century 
scientific and medical instruments and 
14th century filnminated manuscripts are 
also on the agenda. 

Since 1954 Bologna has organized a bi- 
annnal art celebration involving people 
like Francis HasltiU, Denis Mahon and 
the late Sir Anthony Blunt. “We have 
established a tradition here not easy to 
find elsewhere,” said Professor Carina. 
“We exploit what we have — fortunately, 
cultural activities are sometimes easier to 
organize in a provincial town.” 

population, the university 
plays a visible role in the city’s 
economic and cultural life. 

As Renzo Imbeni, 
Bologna's Communist may or, 
points out “We are fortunate 
not to have huge plants in the 
strategic sectors. Lacking this 
concentration we have not 
suffered the crisis of un- 
employment and labour 
problems.” It is this absence of 
heavy industry and powerful 

trade unions that has led to the 
city’s flourishing co-operative 

Bologna’s co-operatives 
capture the flavour and plural- 
ism of the region, for not only 
do they represent almost every 
sector of Bolognese life, but 
every political orientation 
within each sector — and all 
are competing for members. 

Co-operatives no longer 
simply sort out employees’ 

problems, but also offer tech- 
nical, computer and legal 

These organizations are fast 
becoming an economic force 
and many are moving onto the 
stock exhange. Unipol, a lead- 
ing insurance co-operative, is 
the latest example. 

“There is one big question 
mark feeing Bologna”, said 
Professor Zamagm. “Is the 
third technical revolution go- 


The Socialists 
lever their 
way to power 

ing to change the structure of 
Bologna's industry or not?” 

The city plans to group 
Bologna's most innovative 
firms alongside the National 
Research Council and the 
university's engineering facul- 
ties to create a “ Silicon 
Valley” south east of the town. 

“All that remains is for local 
authorities to devote funds 
and endow the area,” Profes- 
sor Zamagni said. 

On September 22, Bologna, 
which has thrived on a staple 
diet of unimerruped Com- 
munist Party rule since the 
war, had its first political crisis 
in more than 40 years. 

Renzo Imbeni, the Com- 
munist mayor, was forced to 
resign in an unprecedented 
response to pressure from the 
Socialist Party (PS1) in the 

Signor ImbenPs resignation 
was designed to create a 
situation that would ensure 
his return to office but with a 
considerably stronger Socialist 
presence in the local coalition 

On October 24 he was duly 
reinstated but accompanied, 
for the first time, by a 29-year- 
old Socialist deputy mayor, 
Enrico Boselli, and instead of 
holding all 16 seats in the 
Giunta, the municipal govern- 
ment, as before, the Com- 
munist Party (PCI) now has 
only 10, having relinquished 
five to the PSI and one to a 
Social Democrat 

At the regional level in 
Emilia Romagna, the PCI, 
with 26 of the 50 seats, still 
holds an absolute majority, 
compared to 29 out of 60 seats 
on the town council. 

At the last election the PSI 
won only seven of the 60 seats 
on the Bologna town council 
compared to the PCI’s 29. The 
new deal with the Com- 
munists is thus evidence that 
the Socialists are flexing their 
muscles locally as they are 
nationally - that is, capitaliz- 
ing on their small but crucial 
vote-swinging role in a co- 
alition government 

For the first time, in 
September, the PSI. com- 
monly regarded as the PCTs 
sister party in Bologna's local 
government coalition, joined 
the opposition, allegedly to 
oppose the latest Town Plan- 
ning Act but in reality to force 
the PCI to accept a new form 
of local government based on 
what Gabrielli Gherardi, lead- 
er of the Bologna PSI, calls 
pari digniia (equal dignity). 

Signor Gherardi said the 
PSI would continue to push 
for an equal division of the 16 
seats on the Giunta, irrespec- 
tive of its electoral strength- 

Had the Republican party 
joined the coalition, be said, 
the 50-50 division would have 
been achieved. 

To gain five seats where 
previously there were none is 
a notable achievement far 
Bologna's Socialists. Accord- 
ing to Marco Biagi. Professor 
of labour law at Modena 
University, this raises the 
controversial point as to 
whether the PCI can continue 
.to elect the mayor. 

Bologna's Communist 
mayor: Renzo Imbeni 

“Political life is beginning 
to change and minor parties 
are now the key issue of 
Bolognese politics”, be said. 

Opposition to any form of 
coalition government from 
the Christian Democrats re- 
mains strong; the party 
continues to exclude any form 
of collaboration with the PCI, 
preferring to head an alter- 
native coalition. 

“After the last election it 
was dear that the PCI could 
no longer run by itself in terms 
of votes,” Professor Biagi said. 
“It has had no choice but to 
establish new dialogue with 
other political parties. Every- 
one thought the Communists 
would run the city forever, 
certainly until the end of the 
century, but this is changing 
very quickly.” 

Imagination, intelligence, systems. 



a>rf wine- 4 

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?*«*»»** H „• u v; l 


Seterwa is Italy's leading com- 
paryfn trie of lar^ electronic 
systems, both in mBitary and end- 
ian applications. Selena's activit- 
ies range from air traffic control 
systems to defence systems and 
to avionics, electro-optics, infor- 
matics for communfcatibns sys- 
tems, computer networks. 

Its world wide reputation is 
confirmed by trie 33 Countries 
that utilize Selenia ATC systems, 
from Mexico to Hong Kong, from 
Norway to New Zealand; and by 
the sophisticated defence sys- 
tems adopted not only by the Ital- 
ian Services, but also by many 
other Countries in four Continents. 
The Company has over 7,000 
employees working in six plants 
in Italy. 

SELENIA, moreover, is the lead- 
ing cxjmpany of RSE - Selenia 
Bsag Group: trie other compan- 
TROL (a joint-venture with the 
americanAutot rol), SE1AF (a joint- 
venture with IBM), are all con- 
trolled by Selenia, either directly 
or through its subsidiary Bsag; 


RSE in 1985: Sales of about 
$ 900 mffion.13^00 employees, 
18 production facilities through- 
out Italy, export of hi-tech sys- 
tems and licensing to more than 
100 countries. 

* ... 

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Srnttisli knitwear in cashmere. lamhswool. Shetland 

Luxury knitwear from Scotland 


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frisii poplin tics 

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13051 BIKLI.A - Vinle Roma. 7 - tel. 015/20432-52 
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telex 223022 ANUF.1.1 I 






italy/9 (tFOClJSP ______ 

Nearly a thousand perished in the Friuli 
earthquake: this is how the rest survived 

Italians received a bad 
press for the failures in 
reconstruction after two 
earthquakes in the South. 

In Friuli, by contrast, 
much has been achieved. 
John Earle reports 

For five days this month 
inhabitants of the earthquake- 
prone zone of centra] Friuli 
once again saw tented camps 
with uniformed Red Cross 
volunteers, stretchers being 
readied for casualties, and 
ambulances speeding along 
country roads. 

This was the area near 
Udine in north-east Italy 
where a shock on May 6, 1976 
killed 989, injured more than 
3,000 and made 100,000 
homeless. A further shock the 
following September de- 
stroyed many buildings that 
had remained precariously 
standing . 

Only this time the Red 
Cross presence was because of 
an exercise involving 650 of 
its workers from all north 
Italy, with 200 vehicles, 
including 100 ambulances and 
a helicopter. From their four 
camps they simulated remov- 
ing people from ruins and, 
with the help of a computer, 
transporting 400 injured in 
one day to hospital. “It was," 
said Marcello Giuffiida, na- 
tional coordinator of Red 
Cross volunteers, “designed to 
test our operational experi- 
ence. We only hope never to 
have to put our experience 
into practice on such a scale 

In feet, tremors are anything 
but rare in Friuli — a minor 
one lent a touch of realism to 
the exercise — and a major 
earthquake seems to occur 
every 200 or 250 years. With 
an eye to the future, the 
participants carried out a sur- 
vey among 1,000 families. 

Italy 's unification was no longer a dream 
but Banco di Sicilia was already a reality. 

Having inherited the experience of the first “Public 
Benches' active in the Kingdom of Sicily since the I5th 
century. Banco di Sicilia was, already in 1860, one of 
the most important banks in the Kingdom of Italy, to 

an extent that it continued to issue paper money on 

behalf of the Italian State up to 1926. 

Nowadays Banco di Sicilia isatthesametimearegion- 
al, national and international bank operating in the 
short and medium term, with 347 branches through- 
out Italy, foreign branches in Frankfurt London. 
Los Angeles, New York Paris, and representative of- 
fices h Brussels, Budapest Chicago. Munich. Shgapore 
and Zurich. 

Our International Banking and Marketing Services are 
at your disposal for all financial transactions in lta|y 
and abroad. 

submitting questionnaires 
ranging from their needs in 
medicines and baby foods to 
their living patterns and 
possibilites of evacuation to' 
relatives or friends outside the 

With such information in- 
stantly available, it should be 
possible to avoid mistakes 
such as those after the Naples 
earthquake of 1980, when 
well-wishers sent tons of aid 
that was not really needed. 

In Friuli, few visible signs of 
the disaster remain. Officially, 
more than 90 per cent of 
reconstruction has been com- 
pleted. In most places it was 
decided to rebuild as before, 
along the same street {dans, 
with the houses retaining their 
picturesque overhanging Al- 
pine roofs. 

It has been an opportunity 
to provide proper drainage 
and other modem facilities, 
such as the gas being brought 
to many localities from the 

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from the Soviet Union. Anti- 
seismic standards are applied 
in rebuilding to the extent, 
local adminis trators say, that 
next time it should be safer to 
stay at home than rush out of 

Of 75,000 bouses damaged, 
73,500 have been repaired. Of 
18,000 destroyed, 16,500 have 
been rebuilt. About 6,000 
people are still living in pre- 
fabricated huts, of the 77,000 
who spent the first winter in 

The figures are given by 
Roberto Dominid, the Chris- 
tian Democrat assessore or 
" minis ter" for reconstruction 
in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia 
regional government, who 
emphasizes that the policy 
was to help people with public 

Earthquake devastation, north and south: the mona stery in 
Gemona, north-east Italy, struck in 1976, top, and, above, 
rabble in Balvano, near Pofenza, caused by a 1980 tremor 

grants to build anew, not to sitting hack and letting the. 
compensate them for what authorities provide a home, 
they had lost But the first priority, even 

The amount that a house- before homes, was industry, 
holder received was calculated About 18,000 jobs bad been 
according to the number in his lost in an area traditionally 
or her family and the area in subject to emigration, aud it 
square metres of his home. If was decided that precedence 
the owner did not live in his must be given to enabling 
house, be received only 50 per people to earn their livin g. 
cent. If the victim was renting, In Gemona. the town with 

he received a contribution the biggest death toll (396), the 
intended to help h im to buy cotton mill was rebuilt and 
his own home. operating a year later. Modem 

In this way. Signor factories for . making steel, 
Dominid explained, the in- buses, furniture and kitchen- 
dividual always had to find ware are strung along the 
some money hims elf out of Alpine foothills and, it is 
savings or by borrowing. Feo- m a in tai n ed, the loss of jobs 
pie were thus encouraged to has been more than made up 
show initiative, inetpari of and emigration stemmed. 

A note of pride can be 
detected in local 
Vv-'v - '.;- administrators* voices when 
speaking of what has been 
N' done in Friuli compared to 
what has not been done in the 
Belice valley of Sicily after 
1968 and the Naples-Irpinia 
area after 1980. 

Friuli has not been immune 
from scandal, however. The 
Christian Democrat mayor of 
a village spent four years in 
prison for receiving 12 million 
lire (then about £8,000) from a 
manufacturer of prefabs. But 
this is on a small scale 
compared to reports of what 
has gone on in the South. 

The 10 per cent of 
reconstruction still outstand- 
ing may prove the hardest pa rt 
of the nut to crack. Those still 
living in prefabs include the 
people without resources to 

build a home. There is also the 

problem of getting people to 
« return to town or village 
centres-In Gemona, perched 
JP“£L™ on a hfflside, most of the did 
centre has been rebuilt, 
II tremor ^ 13th-century 

tting the cathedral, and the Jfitifccen-. 
ihome- - tury town hah. Now, in the 
[ity even words of the mayor, Claudio 
industry. Sandruvi, it is necessary to put 
had been life back into the centre. Many 
dMonally shopkeepers have moved to 
n aud it plain below, but the mayor 
recedence says he is threatening to 
pnaMiwp withdraw their trading ii- 
>jvmg_ cencesailheendoftbeyearif 
swn with they fail to return to their 
(396), the fonner sites, 
juilt and A few miles up the 
Modem Tagiiamento valley is the 
og steel, medieval walled village of 
kitchen- Venzone, carefully restored 
long the except for the cathedral, 
id, it is whose 7,000 stones still litter 
i of jobs the ground, painstakingly 
mario up numbered in preparation for 
med. rebuilding.' 

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New TV laws 
spark battle 
on the air 

The anarchic development of 
Italian television has often 
provided more colourful and 
compelling viewing than 
many of the programmes 

Later this year Italy expects 
io introduce for the first tin-™* 
in 10 years regulations 
governing television, a move 
which will guarantee further 
instalments of tense viewing. 

The new regulations will 
finally allow commercial tele- 
vision operators to inter- 
connect transmissions and 
create the country’s first pri- 
vate national networks, 
broadcasting live news and 
sport. But tied to the rulings 
are several anti-trust clauses 
certain to rock the airwaves. 

Until now, only RAL, the 
state-^wned broadcasting 
organization, has had network 
status providing live news 
coverage. Apart from this one 
stipulation, Italy' has re- 
mained regulation-free since 
1976 after a court decided that 
a RAI monopoly was no 
longer constitutional 

The upshot was that anyone 
who wanted to start a TV 
station could do so, the only 
proviso being -that trans- 
mission be limited to the 
ambito locale— just how local 
was never defined — and that 
no live news be broadcast 
This would remain the prerog- 
ative of RAI and the political 

The immediate result was 
the rise and fall of scores of 
private stations, which soon 
fell prey to a handful of 
professional operators, most 
notably - Silvio Berlusconi, 
now owner of the world’s most 
successful network outside the 
United States. 

Italy's - skeletal legislation 

and the influence of the 
political parties have suc- 
ceeded in striking a balance 
between private and public 
television that has so far, 
prevented either RAI or Si- 
gnor Berlusconi from stealing 
the whole show. 

Italy has about 10 national 
chann els dominated by Rai 
Uno, Doe and Tie and 
matched by Silvio 
Berlusconi's three commercial 
channels, Canale 5, Rete 4, 
and Italia '1. The smaller 
private channels include 
EuroTV, a syndicate headed 
by Calisto Tanzi, 
TeJemomecario, go per cent 
owned by the Brazilian Gkibo 
group in Montecado, Rete A, 
and Capodistria for Yugoslav 
speakers in Italy's north east. 
In . addition, every major city 
has at least eight private local 
stations. On average an Italian 
viewer receives 23 channels. 

It is impossible to ignore 
Signor Berlusconi’s impact on 
these channels. In eight years 
he has changed from Being the 
proprietor of a local Milan TV 
station transmitting from the 
Pirelli skyscraper, to owning 
the world's most successful 
network outside the US big 
three. In 1980 be earned 12 
billion lire from advertising. 

Absolutely anyone 
can start a station 

So far this year he has made 
1,350 billion lire (about £675 

He is also Italy’s leading 
builder, responsible for the 
Milano 2 housing complex. 
His Fininvest group, which 
includes the TV operations, 
employs 6,400. 

There is little doubt that 
Signor Berlusconi's dose ties 
with Bettino Craxi, the Prime 
Minister — once the leading 
Socialist in Milan — and his 
Socialist Party have assisted 
his operations. 

Adriano general 

manager of Signor 
Berlusconi’s TV division said:, 
“In 1979 we realized private’ 


Thickets of TV aerials reach for the sky on the outskirts of Rome Above right: Silvio 
Berlusconi flanked by his commercial manager Christophe Riboad, left, and vice president 
Jfefime Seydoux, right, announcing the arrival last year of the new French TV channel, Le 
Cinq, before the reversals of tire Chirac regime 

TV could only survive at a 
national level" The law al- 
lowed only local transmission 
but Signor Berlusconi’s artful 
circumvention by creating “an 
illusion of a network” proved 

He invented the pizzone 
system, whereby complete 
days of pro g r am ming and 
commercials were put on cas- 
sette, sent to his 15 stations 
around the country and 
broadcast simultaneously — 
creating the same effect as a 
network-In 1980 he set up 
Canale 5 based on this 

The integration of produc- 
tion into five divisions han- 
dling everything in-house was 
again inspired. Fininvest even 
purchased or rented 1,500 
tr ansmiss ion points through- 

out Italy at a cost of 150 
billion me. 

“This is where other private 
ventures such as Mondadori’s 
Rete 4 and Emilio Rusconi's 
Italia 1 went wrong,” Signor 
Gafliani said. “They de- 
pended on other companies 
for aspects of technical 
production. This proved 
disastrous.” In *982 Signor 
Berlusconi bought Italia 1 and 
in 1984, Rete 4. 

“It is no longer possible to 
expand in Italy, we must look 
outride.'' Signor Gafliani said. 
However, so far Fminvesfs 
negotiations for channels on 
various European satellites 
have met with mixed results. 

Silvio Berlusconi’s foray 
into French- televirion has 
been described by one Italian 
TV operator as “too clever by 
half” His 40 per cent purchase 

of Le Cinq, France’s first 
.private commercial channel 
and hopes for two channels on 
the TDF1 satellite, while wel- 
comed by President 
Mitterrand’s Socialist govern- 
ment in 1985, has been con- 
demned to death by the 
present Chirac regime. 

Monsieur Chirac has called 
for a review, terrestially and 
celestially, of Le Cinq's opera- 
tions ana Signor Berlusconi's 
18-year concession will ter- 
minate prematurely in early 

Signor Galliani sakh“If we 
don't continue with Le Cinq 

against ^nc^^WCT^ 
ment for 18 years' lost 

Signor Berlusconi is also 
negotiating for a slot on a 

The paradox 
about Italian 
television is 
not the growth 
of private TV 
but resilience 
of the public 
service RAI. 
With virtually 
no regulations 
so far, private 
TV is free to 
do anything 
it wants 

German satellite with the TV 
stations ZDF and ARD, and 
would like a place on the 
Luxembourg Astra satellite. In 
Spain, Fininvest is preparing 
for the start-up of three 
commercial channels in 1987 
with’ the purchase of Estudios 
Roma, a production centre, 
for 10 billion lire. 

But the anticipated regula- 
tions are expected to bring 
important changes at home, 
for Signor Berlusconi may not 
be able to transmit five news 
on all three of his channels. 
The Christian Democrats are 
pushing for a single news 
broadcasting c hann el, prob- 
ably Canale 5, while the 
Socialists argue he should 
retain at least two channels 
which operate as fully fledged 
networks, transmitting live 1 


“ The most probable out- 
come will be that we retain 
two live networks and keep 
the third as before — rather 
like having two daily news- 
papers and one weekly," Si- 
gnor Galliani said. 

The rationale is simple. Of 
RAIs three networks only RAl 
Uno and Due command any 
real audience. If Signor 
Berlusconi has three major 
networks providing news, the 
balance would be unequal 

“The great paradox about 
Italian television is not the 
growth of private TV," says 
Massimo Fichera, deputy 
director of RA(“but the resil- 
ience of the public service.” 

For the first time in three 
years, on October 9, Rai 
eventually appointed a Social- 
ist president, Enrico Manca 
and a board of directors. 

“With no regulation, pri- 
vate TV stations can do 
anything they want, but RAI 
has political programming 
obligations to parliament and 
the regions. Unlike commer- 
cial TV we are obliged to reach 
every part of Italy, however 
remote. In fact we have had all 
the conditions necessanr for a 
screen blackout" Signor 
Fichera said. 

“Instead we have succeeded 
in changing the way we do our 
programming and produce 70 
per cent of our own 

In the past RAI has been 
criticized for presenting end- 
less political broadcasts and 
for corruption. But these mask 
a quietly impressive escala- 
tion in operations, especially 
in Europe, which in many 
ways outshine Signor 
Berlusconi's well-publicized 

“When the anti-monopoly 

laws of 1976 came into play, 
we had to accept the decision 
and moved into a free market 
situation, so we purchased 10 
per cent of Telemontecario”, 
Signor Fichera said. 

“We invest more in inter- 
national co-productions than 
any other TV station in 

A three-year European ven- 
ture between Channel 4, 
Intenne 2, ZDF. Austria TV 
Swiss TV and RAl will start 
producing major series this 
year on a par with US produc- 
tions. For 1986, RAI sank 100 
billion lire into the project, 
next year this will double. 

“The TV series market is 
dominated by the US and we 
believe there is only one 
reason for this: they have such 
big markets and can produce 
at high level costs. If we join 
together as a group in Europe, 
we can achieve a similar 
market,” Signor Fichera said. 

All the conditions 
for total blackout 

Conveniently one of the 
awaited rulings now states 
that 40 per cent of films on 
Italian TV must be of Euro- 
pean origin. 

In the satellite field RAI has 
the edge, for the moment, over 
Signor Berlusconi, with a 
channel on the point-to-point 
ECS satellite in co-operation 
with Belgium. Switzerland 
and Luxembourg. RAl Uno is 
broadcast and has been re- 
ceived by cable every day in 
these countries for the past 

At the last Venice Film 
Festival seven out of the ten 
Italian films shown were RAI 
productions and two of them 
won first and second prizes. 


Good morning , this 
is RAI. Italy’s national 
broadcast^ corpora* 
thm. And here we are: 
three television chan- 
nels and three radio 
networks. Three ste- 
reo radio stations and 
the new Tele video ser- 
vice. In 1085 we iHoad- 
cast 60,108 hours of 
radio programming 
and 20,457 hours of 

Good afternoon, this 
is RAI. 2,711 television 
tr ans mitters, 2J.78 for 
racho and a 60,000 km 
network of radio links 
ensure sound and vi- 
sion throughout Italy. 
260 outside broadcast 
cameras, 168 teams of 
electronic tectaiitians, 
140 radio and 52 tele- 
vision studios. 

RAL Information, cul- 
ture, sports, variety 
shows, music, satellite 
links and live broad- 
casts. Italy turns on to 
RAI. Good morning; 









i nr-*** 


1986. FIRENZE 



Diano Marina 
Riviera dei Fiori- 

Where Spring 
comes in Winter 

18013 DIANO MARINA - TEL- 010/39 49 69 56 




The Genera! Council of •Kssiruruztuni Generali, presided over by Mr. Eurico Randune. 
Chairman of the Company, niel to examine the Group Balance Sheet for the financial 
vear 1985, as roilown: 

ASSETS (in lhmisd«i<fc* ur l.S. $)(-» 

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Accounts receivable and oilier as-se l - 

LIABILITIES tin ihuu-jrKfc of l .S. sii • i 
Provisions for insurance liabilities 
Reinsurance deposits 
Other liabilities 
Minority shareholders" interest 
Shareholders" surplus 
Profit for the sear 


5.881. OOtS 
1 .402. 182 

9. 1 75.2.35 
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1 .255.612 

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Purenl Compan>: As&ieuraziuni Grnerali - Head Office in Trieste {Italy} 



The grace of angels: sculpture on the trail of Bologna University, the oldest university in Europe 

“i * 

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Under fire it may be, but the ; 1 
Italian approach to education J| 
still clings to a broad culture §| 

This year’s opening of the 
academic year at Milan's 
Bocconi University ended 
with a performance at La 
Scala of sonatas for cello and 
piano by Debussy, Beethoven 
and Brahms. This might seem 
out of place for what is JaigeJy 
a highly efficient centre for 
studies in the field of business 
and the economy, but it says a 
lot for the Italian approach to 
education in a technological 

The Italian educational sys- 
tem is normally under fire and 
too frequently subjected to 
fitful reforms which are 
disturbing more than 
constructive. But it has main- 
tained a distinction rare in 
highly industrialized 

Scientists and executives 
working in advanced technol- 
ogy are expected to lake with 
them a certain amount of 
general culture along with 
their expertise. 

Professor Luigi Guatri, the 
Bocconi’s rector, said at the 
beginning of the university's 
84th academic year that “the 
fundamental point is that of a 
balance between fundamental 
culture and specialist culture, 
between culture tout court and 
professional training”. 

The university believed in 
the need for an adequate 
cultural base “without which 
any course of training appears 
ephemera] and limiting”, he 

The subject is certainly 
open to calmer discussion 
now that the eruptions of the 
student movements which 
challenged the whole system 
1 5 years ago are now well in 
the past and studying has 
become a a normal state of 
affairs again. 

Comparisons "are readily 
made with executives in the 
US or other European coun- 
tries. including Britain, where 
increasingly the conversation 
turns around the company 
and its products — to say 
nothing, of course, of Japan. 
The Italian cultural field re- 
mains broader. 

One of the strongest critics 
of the educational system is 
Gianni Agnelli. Fiat’s chair- 
man. who sees it as too little 
geared to the requirements of 
modem living. 

Speaking at a meeting in 
Mantua organized by the 
Confederation of Industry ear- 
lier this month, he said that 
the state system needed a 
strong dose of competition. 

The ideal, he said, should be 
a school which no longer had 
need of intermittent reform 
but had within itself the 
capacity to evolve in a way 
parallel to the country's 
development The risk he saw 
in inadequate education was 
that development would not 
be supported by the necessary 


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in FLORENCE ai year 
In JEST (Ancona) m July and August 

PLACING at babysitters 

Cooperative el teachers 
Piazza SJSphito 4 
50125 Firenze 

TeL 055-296966 

forces of intelligence and 

This would mean enlarging 
the gap between supply and 
demand in the case of young 
people looking for work, and 
would risk losing the fun- 
damental cultural baas of 
Italian society. 

Enlar gin g on this point, he 
said:“Ilalian education has al- 
ways taken as its point of 
reference elevated values of 
culture and human qualities. 
It is important that these 
values are not lost but instead 
that they penetrate technologi- 
cal society and build the basis 

for economic and civil 

What Signor Agnelli was 
saying reflects a long Italian 
tradition. Italy's National Re- 
search Council, fen* instance, 
once presided over by Mar- 
coni, remains strictly inter- 

Its present president, Luigi 
Rossi Bemardi, a Cambridge 
PhD, is professor ofbiological 
chemistry az Milan university 
and, while seeking to bring its 
work closer to the require- 
ments of the modem scientific 
world, he jealously guards the 
council's responsibilities in 

such fields as the study of 
Etruscan and Phoenician 

The council has 11 national 
committees under its aegis 
and, while their function is to 
advise on developments in 
chemistry, physics and 
mathematical sciences, tech- 
nological research, biology 
and medicine, they are also 
working in history, philos- 
ophy and jurisprudence. 

Carlo de Benedetti, chair- 
man of Olivetti, a company 
famous for its achievements 
in industrial design, has put 
on record his belief drat the 

Italians are the best suited .^S 
people in Europe to face up to' I "7 
die changes which the applica- • j* 
don of high technology must ~ 
bring. ~ 

If that is to remain true, the 'Z 
educational system will have | 

to undergo revision, or be ; 

allowed, as Signor Agnelli > . 

proposed, to adapt by osmosis I 

to the requirements ofsociety. 

The dangers of failure are: ^-*- .>.■ 

dear enough. Full success, if ZZ2Z :• 
that should ever come about, - 

would make Italy the foremost 
country among those most.*.*?* 
technologically advanced to - 

prove Orwell wrong. pj^ - — ? 

I t' 

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“is- 1 

P.zza Aspromonte 15/A.- Tel. 02-239^1 
Telex EUROTV4 326024 - 20131 Milaip: (u 



AY OCTOBER 31 1986 



t, , , %-•. 

The divisions in 
the Church 
facing the Pope 

•'" 6 ? ' 

W t arojH- 

Iwlian Catholics must have 
felt more intimately than 
members in any other na- 
tional church the changes in 
field of religion over the 
20 years. 

The unquestioned position 
of privilege as the accepted 
religion of the state vanished, 
with a lot of other things,’ in 
the wake of the Second Vati- 
can Council while the Pope 
himself, for the first time in 
half a millennium, is no longer 
an Italian. 

The feet that the Polish 
pontiff is a great international 
personality cannot altogether 
make up For what the Italians 
feel they have lost 

The old relationship was 
easy. Italian popes were re- 
garded certainly as head of the 


Universal Church but they 
would have been known to 
Italians before their election 
and looked on, by Catholics, 
after reaching the papacy, as 
the prelate first in the Italian 


That might not mean the 
best possible by absolute stan- 

>e, but the 


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The Pontiff and his priests: He cannot altogether make up 
for what the Italians fed they have lost 

dards, but to the Italian mind 
it was a fair guarantee at least 
of an understanding of Italy's 

John XXm, who called the 
Second Vatican Council, was 
not only closely attached to 
his peasant origins in the 
north but he achieved every- 
thing that people used to say 
only a foreign pope could do. 
And Paul VI used an essen- 
tially skilfill diplomatic han d 
to keep the Church both in 
Italy and elsewhere intact after 
a council which had opened so 

man y new paths that schisms 

might easily have taken place. 

An example of what a 
Catholic feels now is provided 
by the decision announced 
earlier this month by the 
Vatican to cut down the 
number of bishoprics in Italy 
by about 100 to a total of little 
more than 200. 

This measure was not of 
shattering importance to the 
ordinary Catholic. Some 
towns protested but in feet 
many of the dioceses now 
abolished had in feet been 
joined to neighbouring di- 
oceses by the expedient of 
appointing the same .prdale to 
be bishop of more than one 

But it must have struck 
T rahans as odd to see in the 
press alongside the news sto- 
ries announcing the changes, a 
photograph of the Pope, who 
is a Pole, and was in France at 
the time, where he was speak- 
ing of the Curt d'Ars as the 
ideal model for the priest- 
hood, and Cardinal Gan tin, 
who is in charge of the 
department at the Vatican 
dealing with bishops, and is an 
African from Cotonou. 

The new diocesan bound- 
aries were formally commu- 
nicated to the Italian 
government through the Min- 
lkry of Foreign Affairs. 

This is a long way from the 
complaints which used to be 
heard of too great an Italian 
hold on the church as a whole. 

Now the relationship has 
moved full circle and Italian 
efforts at bringing the ex- 
pression of their religion into 
line with modem require- 

ments are much the same as 
elsewhere. But with one 
overwhelming exception: they 
have the Pope following 
everything that they are doing 
from dose quarters and not 
always with a contented gaze. 

The Pope is, moreover, in 
formal terms more closely 
involved in Italian religious 
affairs not simply by being 
Pope and Bishop of Rome but 
also because he is Primate of 

The Italian National Con- 
ference of Bishops is the only 
one in the Catholic world 
which cannot choose its own 
chairman. The habit has been 
to give to the Pope three 
names of personalities the 
bishops would like to see as 
their rbairman and the Pope 
himself was left to make the 
final choice. 

The present Pope radically 
change d that by rejecting all 
three names presented to him 

and appointing Chairman of 

the conference Cardinal 
Poletti, the prelate who repre- 
sents him, with no peat 
distinction, as his Vicar for the 
Rome diocese. 

The Cardinal has seen his 
role as primarily a disciplinary 
one with the result that he can 
in no way be regarded as the 
channel by which the feelings 

A forest of hands seeking a blessing from the 
Pope as he drives through St Peter’s Square. 
His personality makes Catholics proud 

of the bishops reach the pope: 
his activities are in the opp- 
osite direction. 

This controlling band is 
being applied at a time when 
practising Catholics are hav- 
ing to adapt their thinking to a 
•new situation in their country, 
which is something quite sepa- 
rate from their relationship 
with the hierarchy. 

The practising Catholic in 
many cases now feels a mem- 
ber of a minority group and 
not part of the powerful 
institution with important 
political and social connota- 
tions which was what the 
Church used to be. 

The new position is in- 
dicated clearly try the re- 
visions to the 1929 concordat 
in February 1984, which de- 
leted such time-honoured con- 
cepts as Catholicism as the 
religion of the state and Rome 
as a city of sacred character as 
Catholicism's capi tal- 

Tbe principal reaction to 
this new situation has been a 
division of opinion on the 

Church's modem role along 
two main lines. The first sees 
this role, following the end of 
the old monolithic character, 
as a task of evangelical exam- 
ple based on the idea that 
practising Catholics in a secu- 
larized world must be the salt 
of the earth, without laying 
claim to the earth itself! 

The second line is for a 
more aggressive insistence on 
the Catholic presence in pub- 
lic life, with the aim of making 
as much as possible of that life 
recognizably Catholic. 

There are other elements. 
There is, for instance, an 
appetite for the supernatural 
Stories are more frequent in 
the newspapers of persons 
who claim to have seen vi- 
sions or experienced miracles. 

There is, for instance, a fast- 
growing cult in Italy of the 
alleged apparitions of the Vir- 
gin Mary said to appear to 
peasant children in a Yugo- 
slav village near Mostar. 
There is also an unexpectedly 

strong charismatic move- 

But essentially the line of 
division is between those who 
fed that Catholics must take 
their pan as an inspiring 
element in society and the 
others who feel that society 
should be recognizably 

The Pope himself makes no 
secret of his preference for the 
second set of ideas. One of the 
“real assets of his personality 
tS the way he make Catholics 
proud of their religion because 
of the prestige he enjoys on the 
international scene. A cor- 
ollary of that is that they 
should want to be conspicuous 
too, in their humbler way. 

There can be no doubt that 
the Pope, coming from his 
Polish experience of a Church 
which must constantly be 
defending its interests as 
virtually the conscience of the 
state, sees the Italian epis- 
copate as too little seen and 
heard on the public stage. And 

this in a country which he sees 
to be suffering acutely from 
permissiveness and 

At the Italian Church's na- 
tional assembly held at Loreto 
in April 1985 he severely 
criticized the state of Italian 
society as a victim of “de- 
christianization in its mental- 
ity and behaviour, through the 
spread of practical materi- 
alism, to which is added the 
cultural and political weight of 
atheist ideals." 

He shocked many of his 
listeners more when he re- 
vived an appeal which had not 
been beard for some 20 years 
for the political unity of 
Catholics. This could only 
have meant in practice united 
backing for the Christian 
Democrats, which was the 
Church's position before John 
XXIII tried to wean the 
hierarchy away from political 

The present Pope must have 
felt strongly the need to de- 
liver such a message because 
one of the opening reports to 
the assembly had clearly spo- 
ken of backing for a party as 
likely to do “incalculable 
harm” to the credibility of the 
Christian message. 











0R8A (BARI* 


jORAnau: p* - ;CiLlA 







of the SYSTEM 

A .T.M. is structured in a 
way allowing it to carry 
out autonomously all the 
activities related to the op- 
eration of ihe system, from 
^vehicles and facilities main- 
tenance, to personnel 
selection and training. 

Moreover, the structure in- 
cludes research and 
designing departments im- 
plementing such tasks as 
planning of transportion 
networks and system 

As for planning in particu- 
lar. the relevant know-how 
acquired by the Undertak- 
ing is systematically 
employed by the Municipal 
Authorities of Milan in de- 
fining the mobility plans. 

The area serviced 
A.T.M. includes Milan an< 
86 surrounding towns, with 
an overall extension of 
1.086 sq. km and 3,000,000 

Within the town, A.T.M. is 
, ihe sole public transporta- 
tion ‘system. while outside it 
operates together with na- 
tional and regional railway 
lines as well as with other 
transportation companies. 

The size of the system and 
the Importance of the ser- 
vices supplied are 
summarised by the follow- 
ing data: 

The. major present charac- 
teristic of A.T.M. is a full 
integration of all the differ- 
ent means of transportation. 

Each line fulfills its own 
5 lask-and is harmonised with 
all the others. Such task is 
{ not necessarily determined 
! by the sole need of conneei- 
; ing a given origin with a 
| given destination. 

lOwing to the structure of 
the System, the transport de- 
mand can thus be met with 
, a combined use of different 
j lines as welL In order to re- 
! lievc the user of any 
! problem related to line 
: changes during his travel, a 
zonal fere system was devel- 
oped This svsiem allows 
the jiser to utilise any type 
or number of lines, accord- 
ing ?o his own needs, wthm 
the space and time limns of 
; his nickel. 

For example; Milan consti- 
tutes one fare zone, its 

limits are those of the ad- 
ministrative boundaries of 
the town. At present, the 
time validity of the regular 
ticket within this zone is of 
75 minutes. 

As a result, the user has the 
whole network at his dis- 
posal and within this 
network he is free of choos- 
ing the transport mode 
(lines, means, timetable) that 
suits better his needs. 

The integration of the net- 
work began in 1970 and 
yielded an immediate return 
of traffic, which had been 
constantly decreasing up to 
that time under the pressure 
of competing private vehi- 
cles, which no conventional 
measure had proved fit to 

Today the market share of 
A.T.M. within Milan equals 
an average 50% of the over- 
all people circulation, 70% if 
related to traffic during rush- 
hours when trips for work 
purpose are more 

The integration allowed to 
simplify remarkably the lay- 
out of the network and made 
possible the concentration of 
an important share of the 
traffic on lines with greater 
capacity, the underground 
lines in particular. Nowa- 
days. these lines alone cover 
42% of the traffic of the 
whole urban network. 



T he development plans 
are grouped under a 
Transport Plan for the met- 
ropolitan area of Milan. 
This Plan was approved in 
1979 and will coordinate 
the development of the 
A.T.M. network until 1990. 
This plan provides the final 
structure underlying the 
integration strategy that will 
involve in the future the re- 
gional railway network and 
the individual means as 

Among the implementa- 
tions provided for, the 
extension of the under- 
ground network stands out 
Works for a third line have 
started in 1983. This line, 
together with the two exist- 
ing ones (for which a series 
of Extensions is under com- 
pletion), will form the 
supporting mesh of the pub- 
lic transport network. The 
overall extension of the sys- 
tem will be of 75 km. 
According to forecasts 
drawn from traffic alloca- 
tion models, over 50% of 
users may utilise the under- 
ground network for their 
trips or parts of them. 

Finally, the suburban sta- 
tions of the network will be 
provided with transfer areas 
including free and with at- 
tendant car parking spaces 

and bus stations, in order to 
stop part of the vehicle flow 
at the limits of the core of 
the system, thus curbing 
congestion in the town. 

For the preparation of the 
Plan, A.T.M. made an inde- 
pendent survey on transport 
demand; its analysis and the 
consequent network project 
were included in the Plan 
itself after assessing any al- 
ternative hypothesis with a 
minimum of feasibility. 

It was used software with 
original models for the anal- 
ysis of traffic flows, network 
tload and amount of re- 
sources required to manage 
the system. 

This application results 
from studies that began in 
1964 and have been subse- 
quently thought over and 
perfected both for A.T.M.’s 
system and other towns in 
Italy and abroad. In this 
sector, A.T.M. carries out 
data processing on its own 
as well as with the coopera- 
tion of other companies or 
public agencies. Studies 
were accomplished for net- 
works of some 20 towns. 
The most significant exam- 
ples are those of Genua, 
Bologna, Alexandria in 


ogether with the task 
J. of defining the opti- 
mum network, the research 
activity of A.T.M. has also 
developed within the area 
of vehicles and installations 
technology, with the sole 
purpose of improving the 
services provided as well as 
its own production 

The most recent example 
in this field of application 
is provided by the con- 
tribution given in the study 
and experimentation of 
dual-mode trolley-buses, 
equipped with a double 
traction system: electric 
and dieseL The aim is bet- 
ter relationship with the 
environment, still retaining 
that flexibility characteris- 
tics that make the 
conventional bus an indis- 
pensable vehicle today. 
A.T.M. in particular is con- 
cerned with the 
experimentation of various 
prototypes, constructed in 
Italy as well as in many Eu- 
ropean countries (within 
the scope of the COST 303 
plan by the EEC). A.T.M. 
has designal an automatic 
performance parameters re- 
cording equipment that can' 
be used on these prototypes 
as well as on any other type 
of vehicle. 


I n the course of its evo- 
lution, A.T.M. has 
virtually been dealing with 
any problem related to its 
activity, from the differ- 
ences between urban and 
suburban service, to the 
growth of congestion levels, 
to the setting up of new sys- 
tems with special 
characteristics and require- 
ments, such as the 
underground railway. 

On every occasion, A.T.M. 
has defined the relevant so- 
lutions by tailoring its 
system to the new require- 
ments, and also by 
coordinating its action with 
that of other public under- 
takings entrusted with the 
control of systems related 
to public transportation 
(circulation planning and 
regulating in particular). 

This allowed A.T.M. to de- 
velop an internal 

organisation capable of im- 
plementing, besides routine 
tasks, (drawing up of time- 
tables mid personnel shifts) 
studies on circulation prob- 
lems and traffic control 
The organisation of this 
sector recently underwent a 
series of measures aimed at 
ving the production 

Today all A.T.M. lines are 
run by one driver per vehi- 
cle (or train in the case of 
underground lines), thus 
greatly relying on the 
safety and reliability of 
automated systems. 

All efforts are now focused 
on a further improvement 
of the circulation condi- 
tions by allocating a 
network of reserved lanes. 
A system that allows to de- 
tect the position of a 
vehicle automatically is 
also being experimented in 
order to achieve a more 
accurate control on a regu- 
lar running. 

On another front, a series 
of initiatives has been 
launched to inform the 
present and potential us- 
ers, with the purpose of 
encouraging the use of 
public transport especially 
in the most congested ar- 
eas. A.T.M. has promoted 
its own surveys among the 
public to assess their 
expectations, as well as ad- 
vertising campaigns with 
the relative evaluation of 
the effects. 






Pom Buena pane. 61 20121 Milano - 


330564 ATMI 


(02)80 55 Ml 

Legal status 

Municipalized undertaking 





Installation and operation of 
different public transport modes. 



Area served 

km2 1.086 

Mumci politics 

Milan and 88 limitrophe communes 



3 million inhabitants 




Metro, tramways, buses, trolley-buses 



Integrated: with one ticket only it 
is possible to use several transport 

Fare system 

Zonal and time dependent 




- Urban network 535.6 million 
journeys (the time dependent fare 
is applied) 

- Inicrurban network 8IJ 
million journeys 

Lines operated 

2 lines 


- line 1 ' urban km 20.4 

• line 2 regional km 312 


17 urban lines 

2 inicrurban lines 

km I55J 
km 46.7 


58 urban lines. 

39 inierurban lines 

km 334.2 
km 594.1 


3 urban lines 

Km 40.4 

Vehicle fleet 

metro: 412 

tramways: 567 urban. 117 inierurban 
buses: LQ38 urban. 502 intcrurinn 
trolley-buses: 159 urban 

Seat of bureaus 

Headquarters and 

3 nearby offices 

m* 7.285 

4 other offices 

m* 7.945 


for metro cats 

7 for tramways 

12 for buses 

2 for trolley-buses 

m 3 207.986 
m* 118.179 
m* 187.212 
m 2 41797 



I for metro cars 
l for tramways 

1 for buses 

I for trolleybuses 

m* 34.820 
m : 54.687 
m* 17.396 
m 2 24,869 





A .T.M. has shaped its 
organisation since ihe be- 
ginning in such a way 
that it could provide for the 
maintenance of the means re- 
quired for ihe service 

Today it has 21 depots, 4 general 
workshops for ihe vehicles, to- 
gether with departments for 
installations maintenance. 

This sector also includes the is- 
suing of specifications for 
vehicles and subsystems, quality 
assurance at the manufacturer's, 
final trials and tests on vehicles 
and parts before putting them in 
service. For the two last sectors, 
two laboratories for materials 
and component parts testing 
were set up. 

Moreover. A.T.M. avails itself 
of the experience acquired from 
the operation and research car- 
ried out to define the projects 
and to implement on its own 
some special system such as: 

- Signalling and remote control 
installations for the under- 
ground railway; 

- power supply plants: 

- installations for tram-cars and 

- layouts for depots and work- 
shops, including equipment 
the size of which is determined 
according to maintenance 

This experience has also been 
utilised outside A.T.M. for stud- 
ies ordered by other concerns. 
An example of this provided by 
the cooperation of AT.M. in 
determining the size of power 
supply networks and vehicle 
performance on behalf of some 
of the leading national 

Along with the development in 
technology, education, training, 
refresher courses are carried on 
■for the personnel. For this pur- 
pose. the most suitable teaching 
techniques are adopted with re- 
lation to the tasks which the 
personnel will fulfill as well as 
with regard to their initial 

The structure of the school also 
includes trainer desks that simu- 
late the various apparatuses and 
a production centre for audiovi- 
sual systems. 

T he creation of a public 
transport system implies 
the solving oai of numer- 
ous technical and organisation 
problems which often are compli- 
cated by a limited availability of 
resources, and have to be utilised 
with maximum profitability. 
AT.M. puts at the disposal of 
other concerns, or public authori- 
ties. its own experience and 
organisation, as well as the ex- 
perience acquired by its 


Its cooperation can range from 
the general layout of the system to 
the solving out of special tech- 
nical problems, and this for all 
conventional transport systems; 
underground railways, tramlines, 
buses and trolley-buses. 



The World's most famous newspaper 



- 31 March 

- 22 April 



* 30 June 

ITALY. Annual Survey - 13 November 

For further information and to reserve space 
rfl these reports, please contact 

New Wortd Communications Italia, SRL. 

Via Vivaio 24, Milano, Italy 
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Tel: London 837 1234 Telex: 946240 (Bet 19023032) 

* ft 

Prixno Levi is one of literature’s great story 
tellers, a writer whose earliest and most 
recent works have dealt with his past as a 
persecuted Jew and inmate of Auschwitz. 
Above, the entrance to the former 
concentration camp, with its notorious 
slogan, “Work liberates”, and, left, the 
author at his Turin home last week 

P rimo Levi's writings 
have taken a longer 
time to gain wide 
recognition in the 
world than did those of some 
other recent or contemporary 
Italian authors, tike Ignazio 
Silone or Italo CaJvino. 

Perhaps the subject matter 
of his earliest writings, on 
Auschwitz and the material 
and moral ruins of Europe at 
the collapse of Nazism, ap- 
peared too grim for most 

If This is a Man was written 
by' the 28-year-old Levi in 
1947, immediately after his 
return from Auschwitz. Its 
taut and direct language con- 
veys his urgent sense of the 
need to communicate to the 
wider world the human 
significance of the shame of 
the extermination camp. 

Its successor. The truce 
( 1 963), the moving and some- 
times boisterously humorous 
sioiy of the odyssey of the 
Italian survivors of Auschwitz 
to Soviet Russia and bade 
across eastern Europe to their 







Inlaid pictures of 

50125 Florence - 126 r, via Guicciardini 
Tel.: 210.718 


country, established Levfs 
reputation in Italy as a. major 
literary figure, with a taste lor 
story-telling, a profound faith 
in human dignity and a capac- 
ity for detached, gently ironic 
observation which have re- 
mained characteristic of all his 

Both books, when they ap- 
peared in English, were appre- 
ciated at their true worth by 
major reviewers such as Philip 
Toynbee. But neither made 
much import beyond small 
enthusiastic circles, even 
though they were re-published 
together as a Penguin Modem 
Classic in 1979 (of which a 
reprint would be desirable). 

Primo Levi’s auto- 
biographical identification 
with these first classic works 
perhaps explains why he chose 
to use a pseudonym, Damiano 
Malabaua, for his next book, 
written in a totally different 
genre. Storie naturali ( 1 96 6) is 
a collection of short stories, 
superficially classifiable as sci- 
ence fiction, about the absurd 
and usually disas trous con- 
sequences of all too plausible 


% : 





■ . ' • ' " ■ v, 

' ;• . >. 
• . - • _ • • ip - 

■ * 


*y . • 

scientific and technological 
developments on individuals. 

In this, as in the following 
collections of stories, Vizio a 
forma (1971) and Lilit (1981), 
the pace of scientific discov- 
eries and their applications, 
particularly in electronics, 
molecular biology, chemistry 
and astrophysics, is used by 
Levi to invent circumstances 
in which the future is dad 
realistically in the garments of 
the industrial present or recent 
past, and man nnlpswht*^ 
forces beyond his controL 

The easy and immediate 
recognition of situations and 
personages and the telling 
take-off of the literary style of 
scientific or bureaucratic re- 
ports are typical traits of these 

Levfs profound sense of the 
moral limi ts of man’s tech- 
nical creativity is lightly ex- 
pressed in these humorous, 
highly inventive novelle. The 
absurdity of the human con- 
dition is often brought out by 
his technique of reversal of 
accepted roles, a world turned 
upside down, as in the discov- 
ery of the utility of chickens to 
act as censors in a future 
totalitarian state. 

With The Periodic Table 
(1975), Levi forged in a 
particularly happy fusion the 
experiences of his two lives, as 
chemist and Jew. The stories, 
structured around dements of 
Menddev’s Table, can be read 
at many levels: as a narration 
of Levi's personal experiences 
in Fascist Italy, as a delicate 
evocation of Piedmontese 
Jewish culture destroyed by 
Nazism, as an explanation to 
lay readers of the mysteries of 
chemistry and the defeats and 
satisfactions experienced by 
its practitioners. 

Why the English translation 
(1984) should have been so 
immediately successful is 
difficult to explain. The bridg- 
ing of the two cultures, un- 
usual in the F.n glish -sp ftalrtng 
world, given its educational 
system, is too generic and 
inadequate a reply (although 
the success of Fred Hoyle's 
Black Cloud is worth 

Possibly the combination in 
Primo Levi, an industrial 
chemist by profession, of 
scientific knowledge with lit- 
erary imagination firmly 
rooted in recognizable human 

Improprieties of 
the dialect of 
a workshop 

experiences, comforts our per- 
sonal anguishes and triumphs 
in a world of technological 

La chiave a Stella (1979), a 
novd of a mechanical fitter's 
experiences in often exotic 
parts of the world, explored, in 
humourous fashion, the same 
theme of the individual's 
identification with his skill in 
a technologically ambivalent 
world, and exemplification of 
man's eternal struggle to 
dominate matter. 

But to this Levi added a new 
dimension, an exploration of 
the capacities of Italian to 
render in tbeir fullness the 
grammatical and phonetic 
idiosyncracies and impropri- 
eties of the dialect language of 
a Piedmontese workshop. 

With The monkey wrench 
(title of the forthcoming Eng- 
lish translation) Levi has of- 
fered his characteristically 
individual contribution to the 
great tradition of Italian re- 
gional and dialect literature. 

In his two most recent 
books Primo Levi has re- 
turned to his past as a per- 
secuted Jew. using his own 
experience as a partisan and 
his Auschwitz knowledge of 
Ashkenazi Jewry. If not now. 
when? (1982). a full-scale 
historical novel, narrates the 
story ofa motley Jewish group 
in Russia which survives as a 
partisan band fighting its way 
through n Nazi-occupied 
Europe to Italy. 

in tins deceptively simple 
novel. Levi has transmuted 


The following books of Primo 
Levi have been published in 

If This is a Man (Orion Press, 
I960) and The truce (Bodley 
Head, 1965), both repuMshed 
together as a Penguin Modem 
Classic, 1979. Snema: Col- 
lected Poems of Primo Levi 
(Menard Press, 1976) The Peri- 

odic table (Michael Joseph, 
1984) If not now, when? (Mi- 
chael Joseph, 1985) Moments 
of reprieve (Michael Joseph, 
for 1986) The monkey wrench 
(Michael Joseph, forthcoming) 

his deep sympathy with Yid- 
dish literature (such as the 
stories of Sholeji Alechem) 
into a powerful interpret a tion 
of the material and moral 
catastrophe of the Nazi 
destruction of eastern Euro- 
pean Jewish culture: 

His latest book, I sommersi 
e i salvati (1986), returns to 
the same themes of Nazi 
destruction and the survival 
of human values, but in a 
different manner. This dev- 
astating^ honest book is a 
reconsideration of the Nazi 
concentration camp system, 
in the disillusioning perspec- 
tive of the history of our 
postwar world. 

It should be obligatory read- 
ing for all who fedlely deliver 
judgments of condemnation 
or forgiveness, for — as Levi 
writes — only those who 
experienced it can judge and 

even they are not the best 
witnesses by the very feet of 
their survival 

The dishonesties, confu- 
sions and simple incapacity to 
conceive of the enormhy of 
tiie Nazi Lager, and their 
sinister implications for the 
world today, are dissected and 
refuted with implacable rigour 
from the collective 
responsibilities of the German 
population to the moral and 
political irresponsibility of 
some recent tendencies to 
identify the victims and their 

But Levfs main concern is 
to arrive at a- closer under- 
standing of both imprisoned 
and their oppressors, and - 
through this of foe inner 
nature of the system itself 
Levfs reflections about man’s 
response to extreme con- 
ditions, the deliberate humili- 
ation and subjection to 
gratuitous and unlimited vi- 
olence that characterized the 
Lager, foe corrupting effects 
of foe search for some form of 
privilege as a means of sur- 
vival, provide a uniquely wise 
insight into what he rightly 
calls “the stain of our 

Primo Levi's place in Ital- 
ian and European literature is 
very particular, because he has 
never wished to renounce his 
experiences of Auschwitz or as 
an industrial chemist The 
very 'personal anthology he 
entitled, with tongue in cheek, 
bis “search for his roots" (La 

ricerca detle radio, 1981), 
includes a few of the authors 
whose influence can be seen in 
his writings: Swift and Rabe- 
lais, Conrad and Melville, foe 
Book of Job and Thomas 

Primo Levi's fictional sto- 
ries combine p taste for ad ven- 
ture and sense of the absurd, 
achieved in part through the 
poltergeist animation he 
attributes to matter. They 

A taste for 
adventure, a sense 
of the absurd 

share in common with fats *f 
more autobiographical writ- 
ings a determined defence of 
homo faber , a conviction of 
man’s need to test his limits, 
and a profound sense of 
human dignity. 

But above aU Primo Levi is 
one of literature's great story- 
tellers — perhaps, as he says 
himself because he is some- 
one to whom people like to tel! 
their stories. 

Stuart Woolf 

The author translated If This 
is a Man and The truce and 
was awarded the John Florio 
Prize for the latter. He is 
Professor of History at the 

J rtf ETima. .L _ 


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(left). Minister for 

Sport for four 

years, reveals the 

bitterness in the . 

pressures brought 




Wil t) Mfclc-W •%} k\ S V 

a Vial 

Olympics. This is the final extract in 

The Times from Macfkriane’s book. 

- arajevo had been Trii 

'- by an ixnirfacableoold 

* wjth^ snowdrifts up to 
L ^ a man’s chest, conifer 

- ‘ * branches stiffened 
' with ice and ihree-foot long 

' iddes reaching down from 
lamp-posts and the sides of 
tramcars. The o r ganize rs of 
■ the 1984 Winter Olympics 
' had had to re-schednle the 
- ' men's downhill skiing but 

- inside the Zetra Stadium, the 

- setting for the ice -dancing, 

* Jayne Torvill and Christopher 
;; Dean were rehearsing to the 

music of Ravel’s Bolero, 

. preparing to add gold medals 
lo their world championships. 

Off the ice, wrapped warmly 
to keep out the cold. Princess 
Anne, there as-presideni of the 
British Olympic Associaton, 
was watching foe young con- 
pie, accompanied by the Brh- 

- ish Ambassador - to 
Yugoslavia, Kenneth Scott, 
myself; Charles Palmer, chair- 

* man of foe British Olympic 
Association, her personal 
detective, her secretary and 
several members of foe British 
party in Sarajevo. 

Suddenly, a television cam- 
era crew from American 
Broadcasting Companies Inc 
moved to within four feet of 
' Princess Anne and focused its 
camera on her. It was a dear 
breach of protocol, so her 
detective, from Special 
Branch, stood up, removed his 
for hat and placed it over foe 

- lens ofthe camera. You know, 
the Americans were advised 
politely, you should not be 
doing that; it is a breach of 

One of the American crew 
glowered at us and, in, a voice 
loud enough for all to hear, 

' snarled: “Go **** yourselves. 
We bought the Games.” 

In &cl ABC had paid $91.5 . 
million for the exclusive tele- 
vision rights in the United 
States. It also bad agreed to. 
pay S22S million for the US - 
rights to the Los Angeles 
Olympics later in foe same 
■ year and to act as host 
broadcaster, which involved 
another S7S million. In other 
words, it was spending dose to 
$400 million in six months for 
the right to televise the 

AS .Torvill and Dean re- 
hearsed their leap into the 

* fiery heart of the volcano, with 
Jayne demonstrating the pas- 
sion of the' Bolero, I had three 
thoughts. The first was that 


All change 
for title 

By Peter Aykroyd 

Gymnasts taking part in the 
Daily Mirror British champion- 
ships this weekend will have 
more than tough competition to 
contend with. 

First, the venue of Alexan dr a 
Palace is a new departure from 
the customary one at Wembley 
Arena. The gymnasts will no 
longer have their familiar 
wooden Olympic podium to 
perform on; their apparatus and 
mats will be laid on a concrete 
floor at ground level. Further- 
more, the usual maximum audi- 
ence will be reduced from 7,000 
to just over 2,000. For some of 
the 24 finalists, the change of 
<Mtif and atmosphere will be a 
psychological disadvan ta g e . . 

For the first lime, the major- 
ity of the women competitors 
will have been trained by meth- 
ods ada p ted tv the British 
Amateur Gymnastics Associ- 
ation from the system devel- 
oped by the Soviet Union. 

The event will also produce 
two new national champions 
following, the resignations of 
Tory Bartlett and Hayley Price, 
the present men's and women's 
title holders. 

The 1986 men’s champion 
will almost certainly be Andrew 
Morris, Britain’s veteran gym- 
nast who won the title twice 
before defeat by Barden last 
year. Moms, who leads the fidd 
after foe preliminaries, has 
represented Britain at all mfyor 
events for foe past five yean. 

In contrast to Morris, -the 
fevonrite for the women’s crown 
is a comparative unknown. She 
is foe graceful Lisa Elliot, of ? 

the camera crewman had got it 
right American television bad 
bought the Games. The sec- 
ond was that Lord Kfllanm, 
the president of foe Inter- 
national Olympic Committee, 
had got jt wrong in Moscow 
four years earlier when he said 
foe Olympics were for foe 
benefit of our children. And 
the third was that foe Games 
would never be the same 
a gain. 

If we look back over recent 
Olympic Games we will 
remember Mexico for its high 
altitude, Munich for the mur- 
der at the hands of terrorists of 
II Israeli athlete*, Montreal 
for the way in which tax- 
payers will be meeting foe cost 
of the Games until foe 21st 
century, and Moscow in 1980 
and Los Angeles four years 
later for the flamwi at whic h 
the super-powers played trt- 

Four years before the Sara- 
jevo Games President Jimmy 
Carter, of the United States, 
chose to plunge foe Olympic 
movement into its greatest 
crisis after Russian forces had 
moved in strength into 
Afghanistan just after Christ- 
mas 1979. 

T hey were there, foe 
Soviets claime d, at 
foe request of the 
legitimate Afghan 
government to put 
down an insurrection by rebel 
tribesmen. The United States 
and the West saw it di£ 
ferently: the Soviets had in- 
vaded Afghanistan not only to 
destroy the rebels but to 
increase their sphere of in- 
fluence in the. area because of 
'events in Iran and ofl in tire 
Persian Gulf- 

On January 28, Lloyd Cut- 
ler, a presidential counsel, 
deman ded of Lord Killanin 
that the IOC caned or post- 
pone tire Games. “It was this 
. sense, of. . arrogance, not 
■personally shown by Cutler, 
but the high-handed nature of 
the approach by tire White 
House, which raised my 
hackles,” KiUanin wrote after 
his re tireme nt. 

Ultimately, Carter set a 
deadline of February 20 for 
Soviet forces to puS out of 
Afghanistan if a United States 
team was going to compete in 
Moscow. The President lost 
little time, after the deadline, 
in announcing that Americans 
would not be at the Games 


home for 
a 66 

Sydney (Reuter) - Mike 
Colandro, aged 33, of the 
United States, equalled the 
course record with a finishing 
run of six birdies on the opening 

day of the Australian PGA 
Championship at foe Castle HiU 
Country Gub yesterday. His 
six-undcr-par round of wave 


Lard KflLmm (left): Higb-kandal nature ofthe WUte Ho 

intttdfafahacUHkSfrDeflbFoUomfcealrckSakfected to intense and unreasonable pressure. 

and threatened to revoke the 
passport of any athlete who 
- tried to go to Moscow. 

In Britain, Mrs Thatcher 
was firmly supporting Carter 
and, as the debate raged. Lord 
Carrington (then Foreign Sec* 
rotary) met Sir Denis Fallows, 
chairman of the BOA, and 
other heads of sport in an 
attempt to persuade them not 
to go to Moscow. The ques- 
tion was debated in the House 
of Commons on March 17. 
According to Lord KiUanin, 
“The standard of debate and 

thp m fHarinffSK nf ar gmm»nt an d 

misinformation did that 
chamber no good.” 

The debate lasted a full day, 
the first time in the history of 
the Commons that a debate of 
that length had concentrated 
on sport. The Government 
won by 168 votes but perhaps 
the most significant aspects 
were that some 30 Conser- 
vatives abstained despite a 
tinee-Hne whip on attendance 
and that Michael Hesehine 
and not my predecessor as 
Minister of Sport, Hector 
Monro, wound up the debate. 
The Minister for Sport not 
able to speak during foe 
biggest and most important 
debate on sport in Commons 
history! The feet did not go 
unnoticed tty tire Opposition. 

Monro, elected as Member 
for Dumfries in 1964, had 
held a number of junior posts 
in Government and in 
Opposition. He was on the 
brink of resigning as Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary 
of State at Environment, 
Hesdtine’s department, both 
because ofwhat he regarded as 
cavalier treatment to himself 
as Minister for Spent and, 
indeed, because he fun- 
damentally disagreed with the 

stance of the Government. 
Finally, though he was deeply 
wounded, he decided that the 
correct course of action was 
for him not to resign at that 
time. The following year, he 
was removed from office by 
the Prime Minister and I 
succeeded him 
At the time of foe debate, I 
was Under-Secretary of State 
in the Department of Educa- 
tion and Science and not 
involved. I voted with foe 
Government but today I be- 

Iunch at foe Bath Club early in 
March, still believing that 
more than a hundred coun- 
tries would support President 
Carter’s action. 

He was told in no uncertain 
terms the attitude of the BOA 
and at the end of tire lunch, on 
being handed a Bath Gub tie, 
he commented: “Well, at least 
foe lunch hasn’t been a total 

What one found particuariy 
interesting was the stance 

beve, with tire benefit of taken by Prince Philip. As 
hindsight and with tire added president of the In ternational 

advantage of four years as 
minister responsible for sport, 
that Mrs Thatcher was wrong 
not only in foe way in which 

Equestrian Federation, he at- 
tended a meeting of inter- 
national federations in 
i-aiHsmnn in April, tire result 

the Government handled tire of which was a declaration of 

affair, but in principle loo. solidarity with tire IOC In 
In the first three months of view of his position as a 
1980, there had been much member of the Royal Family 

with tire IOC In 
his position as a 

behind-the-scenes activity, and of tire attitude of Mrs 
Lloyd Cutler, President Thatcher and Her Mtyesty’s 

Carter’s special envoy, visited 
tire Foreign Office and then 

lowell, the Jororer ^Lausanne. 

Government, he had not been 
expected to arrive in 

Labour Minister for Sport, ft D nrm g tire two-day meet- 
was dear that Cutler believed {m the impression was 
thaithe United States could formed not only that Prince 
pressurize more than a hun- phiijp was opposed to 
dred countries into supporting Britain's support of the US 
the boycott boycott but when Thomas 

V-V-owell reacted Keller, Presktent of CUISF 
H M strongly and said: (General Assembly of Inter- 
B— ■ “What you are national Sports Federations) 
m ■ doing in effect is annonneed that all federations 
JL. JL. destroying the would attend the Moscow 
Cutler agreed and Games, be explained that 
he United States Prince Philip had put the 
roy tire Olympic finishing touches to the text of 
and foe IOC and kfae announcement. It was 
i build them up front-page news in Britain 
984 and Los An- *0*4 undoubtedly, embanass- 
D retorted: “In this ing to tire Prime Minister, 
gna Carta rules — The countries that snp- 

Otympics." Cutter agreed and 
said that the United States 
would destroy the Olympic 
movement and foe IOC and 
would then build them up 
again for 1984 and Los An- 
geles. Howell retorted: “In this 
country Magna Carta rules — 
not Jimmy Carter.” 

Cutler invited Sr Denis 
Follows and Dick Palmer, the 
BOA’S excellent secretary, to 

fewer than fifty, of which tire 
most important, in medal 
terms, were tire United States, 


the Federal Republic of Ger- 
many and Japan. 

In some ways foe Games 
were devalued but, had the 
boycott succeeded, there 
would have been a real danger 
that the Olympic movement 
would have been destroyed. 

The dear feeling in British 
sport during the build-up to 
Moscow and for some time 
afterwards was that foe British 
Olympic Association, and Sir 
Denis Follows in particular, 
had been subjected to intense 
and unreasonable pressure by 
the Government, that foe 
debate was kept in people’s 
minds by carefully planted 
questions in tire House and 
that Mrs Thatcher and her 
senior ministers were guilty of 
interference of the worst land. 

S ir Denis was a man of 
vast experience —for- 
mer general secretary 
of BALPA, foe pilots' 
trade union, former 
secretary of foe Football 
Association and treasurer of 
the Central Council of Phys- 
ical Recreation. He had had 
an important role in the 
successful 1966 World Cup 
and was a charming and adept 
leader. He believed that had 
foe Government used a more 
subtle approach than laying 
about them with a baxtieaxe, 
he could have guided tire 
entire BOA towards a consen- 
sus over Moscow; as it was, 
some sports stayed at home. 

Sir Denis died in 1983. 
Even then, two years after the 
Moscow Games, he was 
deeply wounded by his treat- 
ment at tire hands of tire 
Government I can recall viv- 
iefiy the last occasion I saw 
him. He was receiving treat- 
ment in the Westminster Hos- 
pital not long before his death 

Croft shows determination 
to make a big splash again 

There can be no mistaking 
June Croft's determination to 
re-establish herself Britain's No 
1 sprint swimmer. 

The 23- year-old British 
record holder far 100 and 200 
metre freestyle who retired from 
competition after her Olympic 
medal winning performance in 
Los Angeles and who recently 
decided to start competing 
again, is off to Australia in a 
fortnight to spend the winter 
training in the rimsfaine of 

She will stay there, at her own 
expense, to compete in the 
Australian national champion- 
ships in February and then 
return, hopefully, . m her record 
standard form for Britain’s na- 
tional squad. 

Keith Bewiey, her Wigan dub 
coach, saysTJune. after her long 

By Roy Moor 

rcst-up, has rec a pt nre d aO. her 
former enthusiasm for racing 
and that it would seem just a 
question of time before she is a 
commanding a higher rating in 
the world-nmlring lists again.” 
And he comments “I have high 
hopes that June, when returning 

from Australia, will be in shape 
to race faster than ever— she is 
such a talented natural 

Today, Miss Croft win be 
endeavouring to convince the 
selectors she is entitled to be 
considered for an Olympic 
training award by racing in the 
Open sprint races at the York- 
shire Bank two-day Great 
Britain v the United Slates 
match smiting at Darlington 
this morning. The fastest two in 
the Open events preixminaries 


will qualify to race in the two 
spare hums of the GB v US 
match races. 

With last summer’s Dutch 
world champion bronze medal 
winner, Conny van Bentom, 

also among the Open entries, 
the selectors will have ample 
opportunity to assess Miss 
Croft's prospects of reaching 
Olympic standard again. 

While foe US team are weO 
below full strength the young 
British squad will be fully 
stretched at Darlington, particu- 
larly in the races against Rick 
Carey, the double Olympic back 
stroke cbpmpion and Tiffany 
Cohen who also won two gold 
medals, for 400 and 800m 
freestyle at the Los Angeles 
Olympic Games. 

Lowe has reason to smile 

Graham Lowe, foe Wigan 
coach, was a happy man at the 
conclusion of yesterday's first 
round draw at Salford for the 
John Player Special Trophy. 
Lowe conceded that Wigan have 
the best of all worlds, with an 

By Keith M&ddm 

match on a Saturday at their 
own stadium, one of the best in 
the National Amateur League. 

_ These are money-spinning 
ties foe Fulham and Miflom, 
with Fulham particularly anx- 
ious to put much-needed raon 

.i c,m*c a 

represent Britain in tne Mon- 
treal world championships, do- 
spite not having entered any big 
national events previously. She 
came second in the British team 
and. at the age of 16, is now one 
of the leading gymnasts in the 

White Miss Elliot has a 
.commanding lead after the 
' pretintinaries, there are demo* 
mined rivals in pursuit. They 
include, in second place. Karen 
Kennedy, of Cambericy, a su- 
perbly classical perfbrraeij 

Amazing grace: Karen Kennedy in action on foe beam 

Russian to try again 

Dmitri Bekarrehev. tire for- During the summer 
mer Russian world champion, Beknerchev undertook weight 
has resumed full training after training and {lyrical condition- 
recovery from injury in a car ing before returning to full 
crash a year ago just before the apparatus training under his 
Montreal world championships coach, Alexander Alexandrov, 
(Peier Aykroyd writes). at the Gamal Army Club, 

In 1983, Bdezercfaev became Moscow, 
foe youngest-over male wood . _ 

champiorfwhen be won his title Betaerebey won the Enro- 
foBndapesu aged 16. His leg pean title wee -ml 983 and 
injury — sustained whendnving *985 — and a fond success 
hd votaa car. foe customary would ; enable him to suroass the 
award presented to Russian legendary. Miroslav Cerar o f 
nptmlt for- maior tn- Yugoslavia, twice European 
Saphs ^forced him to relin- cteanwpn _in foe 1960s. Other- 
quish the title which was wise, he first chance to r^ain 
subsequently captured by his foe worM cbampionship will be 

»UW&HHVU J . . L, . .Mr’f Tim/* 

without a huge following in 

The Wigan v Leeds tie will 
almost certainly be the one 
Chosen for television on Sat- 
urday afternoon. 

MAW: Pra ftnl mry mnd (Sunday, 

’. Prince Philip: Opposed boycott 

and as 1 sat by his bedside, 
with Betty, his wife, we talked 
about Moscow and the role of 
the Government After a long 
and distinguished career he 
had few regrets, he told me, 
except that he had lived long 
enough to see world sport well 
and truly politicized. 

During my first two years in 
office I repeatedly was sur- 
prised at the depth of feeling 
generated by Mrs Thatcher's 
action, not least from the 
people within sport who, tra- 
ditionally, were supporters of 
the Conservative Party. 

There are many of our 
leading administrators who 
will never believe that a Tory 
government wifi have any- 
thing other than a record of 
ambivalence towards sport. 

Three weeks or so before the 
start of the 1984 Winter 
Games at Sarajevo, Marat 
Gramov, the most powerful 
voice is Russian sport, bad 
threatened that his country 
would not be taking part in the 
Los Angeles Olympics because 
of a concern about security. 
An Aeroflot stewardess had 
been murdered in New York 
and tritile detectives had 
determined it was a motive- 
less street crime, the Soviets 
decided that the murder had 
been by Lithuanian emigres 
waiting to slaughter the youth 
of the USSR. 

Any Kremlin watcher 
would have told us that the 
Russians were about to take 
revenge for President Carter’s 
boycott of Moscow four years 
earlier. The game was called 

*Spoit and Politics: A world 
divided by Neil Macfarlane 
with Michael Herd (to be 
published on November 3 by 
Collins Willow, price £12.95). 


to meet 
the holder 

By Gordon Allan 

Sixteen of foe competitors in 
the Superbowl a fortnight ago, 
including David Coriall, the 
winner, are playing in foe CIS 
United Kingdom indoor singles 
championship which starts at 
the Guild HalL Preston tomor- 
row. Corkill has been drawn 
against Pip Branfield, . who 
skipped the England four in the 
Commonwealth Games last 
summer. Jim Baker, the 1983 
UK champion, who lost the 
Superbowl final, plays John 
Price, of Wales. 

Other interesting matches in- 
clude David Bryant against 
John Thomas, a re-enactment of 
the 1981 world indoor final, 
which Bryant won; and John 
Watson, the UK runner-up last 
year against Wally Hayward, an 
England player in foe 1970s. 

As in foe Superbowl, there are 
32 competitors but no women 
and only four crown gr een 
players. First-round matches are 
best of three sets. All subsequent 
matches are best of five, bar the 
final a week tomorrow, which is 
best of nine over two sessions. 
FtftST ROUND MAW: J Baker 
pnea (Walk L ShoofaridQB 
(crown areenfc R Carats “ 

*4^ .1 


The egoist 
with a 
good line 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

ga ji rnryii ,y -,k | j ij , , j,. a 

f-ppfagiift Yun Korolev, 

at Rotterdam in a year’s time. 



kwc-oU 7^o unless stated 
Today League 
FOurth division 
Cambridge Ufa v Craws Alex (7.45J 
Colchester Ufa v Wolverhampton - 
Halifax Town v Cardiff City - 

Orient v Stockport 

Southend v Torquay (7.45) 

FOOTBALL C0W8WATT0tfc Nkmch v BngW 


SNOOKER: DcAux Brtttli Open Tounwaw. 
stmraiy rounub (M ConttWf* Canm. 

TENNIS: NBIUCQ iwcfamm Our IB Bajal Mmr 

Whether conceit is more 
prevalent among fishermen dam 
other sportsmen is argsable bat 
the case for it is weD put in the 
latest book on reservoir and lake 
fishing by a Midland fly fisher- 
man, Arthur Cove. 

There is a close-up of him 
with a cigarette in Ms mouth on 
the front cover and in nearly 
every chapter, aad so metimes 
more than once, Mr Cove tells 
how good be is at catching fish 
when others fifo and how maefa 
be is admired. Too mach rep- 
etition of this becomes tedious. 

It is also to be regretted that 
Mr Gove gives his name to 
tilings to which he is not 
entitled. His Cove pheasant tail 
nymph is the same as-thooe 
fished at Blagtkm SO years ago 
and the Cove knot is the water 
knot which has been tied by 
generations of fishermen. 

All this is a pity because when 
he deals with practical ways oS 
trout fishing Mr Gove's advice 
cannot be bettered. Some of Us 
techniques, sack as Rii jAg the 
fly in pockets of weed, are new 
and most ingenious. If one can 
pat op with Mr Cove’s egoism 
the book is well worth reading. 

One thing that Mr Cove’s 
publishers have done well for 
him is was to show bis fly 
dressings dearly and in ad ore. 
One could only wish that the 
same had happened to Jeremy 
Lucas who has written a book on 
reservoir, lake and loch fishing 
which I found difficult to pot 

He deplores the habit of tire 

personality huht-up (4 fly 
fishermen, the making of heavy 
catches on the reservoirs by 
methods which are on the Cringe 
of the rales. He delights in both 
the classic (the wet fly) and the 
imitative (nymphs and pnpae) 
styles of fishing but is wise 
enough to see that oo one day 
conditions will favour the nymph 
and on the next the wet fly. 

Those who follow these two 
types of fly fishiog. as compared 
with lores, are finding, he says, 
aesthetic values in their sport 
beyond compare. The most 
beautiful style of fly fishing - to 
Mr Lncas is fishing the drift on 
Scottish lochs. A M of this 
quality really does did deserve 
better illustrations. 

• My Way with Iron* by Arthur 
Cove (Crowood Press) and Fty 
Fisher by Jeremy Lucas (Jona- 
than Cape) are both £9.95. 


Gold medal 
is won by 

Frank W illiams has won the 
British Automobile Racing Qub 
(BARC) gold medal “for 
outstanding achievement in mo- 
tor raring by British subjects.” 
Tite award marks the winning of 
foe world championship, con- 
structors’ cup by his Wiliiams- 
Honda team of Nigel Mansell 
and Nelson Piquet- 
Williams, who was left para- 
lysed by a car accident earlier 

this year, is a former member of 
foe BARC His first mqjqr 
success came tn 1980 when foe 
Williams team collected their 
first constructors’ world champ- 
ionship and his driver, Alan 
Jones, took the Formula One 
drivers' tide. In 1981 Williams 
again took the constructors* cup. 


Talented Paean to end 
season on a high note 

Henry Cecil, who at the end 
of this season will have to 
hand over his trainers' 
championship to Newmarket 
rival, Michael Stoute, is seeing 
out this gear's long, ardous 
campaign in a blaze of glory. 

Within the last week the 
Derby ante-post market has 
been completely reformed af- 
ter Cecil has produced two 
impressive winners. Ref- 
erence Point and Legal Bid. 

Now I expect the Warren 
Place trainer to saddle a 
double with Paean (2.15) and 
Water Cay (3.20) at 
Newmarket's final meeting of 
the season. 

Paean, who contests the 
two-mile George Stubbs 
Stakes, has been a model of 
consistency this term, scoring 
four times and been placed in 
his other two starts. However, 
the fast going has been against 


Recently the Bustino colt 
has been striding out well at 
Headquarters in company 

By Mandarin 

with El Cuite and Verd- de Walden's three-year-old is 
Antique and looks sure to napped to end the term on a 
appreciate today's softer high note, 
ground. Water Cay, out of action for 

Interestingly. Cecil has not much of the season after 
allowed his stable jockey, recovering from a chipped 
Steve Cauthen, to put up bone in his knee, had the ideal’ 
overweight on Paean, who comeback when outclassing 
with Willie Ryan riding at 8st some modest rivals at War- 
71b can take full advantage of wick earlier this month. 


1 Ulan Bator Lukas confident he 

h fefMy , has a champion 

re wta«r y in Lady’s Secret 

_ LL, . From MSctaeIS«ly,S»»* Anita, 

the 9lb he receives from the 
Italian St Lcger runner-up, 

My selection beat Rosedale 
by I % lengths at level weights 
on soft ground at Newbury in 
April and should confirm the 

That useful veteran stayer 
Ore. who scored at Hay dock 
Park, was no match for El 
Cuite in the Prix Royal-Oak at 
Longchamp recently, while 
Insular, who will be ridden by 
Cauthen, is a versatile per- 
former who invariably runs 
well at Newmarket 

However, Paean looks 
favourably treated by the race 
conditions and Lord Howard 

The J O Tobin colt, who 
had good juvenile form 
including a dose-up second 
behind stable companion 
Bonhomie in the Royal Lodge 
Stakes, should continue the 
good work in today's James 
Seymour Stakes 
Cecil also has a repre- 
sentative. Unwise, in the six 
furlongs Red Lodge Maiden 
Stakes, but slight preference is 
given to Fulke Johnson 
Houghton's Rockfella, a good 

third behind Zajal at Ascot 
The Potter Nursery looks a 
competitive affair, but it may 
be worth takking a chance 
with Oliver Douieb's lightly- 
weighted Paradise Coffee. 


Guide to our new in-Gne racecard 


I (COJ3F) (Mrs J Rjtey) B Hal 9-1M . 


By Mandarin 

1.15 Lumberjack. 
1.45 Le Mans. 

2.15 PAEAN (nap). 
Z50 Paradise Coffee. 
3 JO Water Cay. 

3.50 RockfeUa. 

By Our Newmarket 

1.15 Pillar Of Wisdom. 
1.45 Repealed. 

2.15 Paean. * 

2.50 Paradise Coffee. 
3.20 Water Cay. 

3.50 Unwise. 

Racecard number. Drew m brackets. Six-Sauro 
form (FJeO. P-puaed up. U -unseated ndar. B- 
broutftt down. 0 slicpridtip. R-retused). Horse's 
name (B-btteers. V-wsor. H-bood. E-eyesHakl 
C-coum vwmer. Distance winner. CO-cowse 

aid tt atanc e winner. BF-beuen tavoutte in Mast 
race). Owner in bred— . TVainer. Age and 
weight. Rider plus any atowenoa. The Times 
Private HamJcappefs raeng. AppradmaiD starting 

2J5Q POTTER TROPHY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £3,464: 51) (19 runners) 

401 (1) 2412 UKQERING (DJBF) (W ERs) J Winter 9-7 

402 (It) 314041 MOT BRIGADE (P Notts) C Brittain 9-6 (7ex) 

404 (9) 001 BEAUUBJ BAY (Mrs COfciaon)LPiggott 8-10 

405 (2) 200120 KMRWALK (W Fouracres) Mrs N Maetdey 8-10 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.15 Paean. 

Going: good to soft Draw: no advantage 

1.15 SOHAM HOUSE STAKES (2-Y-O: £4,099: 1m) (15 runners) 

102 (7) 01 NtKTH SAGA (CD) (Ms VPaysonjM E Francis 9-6 C Rutter p) 099 11-2 

105 (12) 001 UPTOTHEWLT(D) (Prince A Salman) JDuntopB-11 JRMd 9510-1 

107 (9) ALPHASOMC (P Locke) G Harwood 8-9 T Fahey — 8-1 

109 (15) 3 ALWASM (H Al-Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 8-9 RHNa 98F4-1 

111 fq GOLDEN DKHAM (Statidi A A} Maktoum) W Hem OS WCaraoo — 6-1 

113(10) 0 ICARUS (T HoRand-Mertht) DArtuttmot 8-9 The* 

115 (6) LUMBERJACK (Mrs A Skiftrgton|G Harwood 8-8 ACM -8-1 

116 {5) MCCUBBM(C St George) LCunani 8-9 R Guest 

117(11) NATSn (N Cohen) L Cumani 8-9 R Cochrane — 8-1 

ffS (1) OUR ACCOUNT (A Qore) L Cumani 8-9 PHNOM 

120 (8) 0 POliM OF WISDOM (BF)(E Seta*) OOnutab 8-0 PMEddmy 98 5-1 

121 (3) PULASKI (Mrs M Cashman) W Hasttngs-Bass 8-9 R Linn (3) 

123 (2) ROYAL PAGEANT (MMutawa)J Dunlop 8-9 B Rouse — 8-1 

125(13) SWALK(GKeBer)L Cumani 8-9 TWn 

127 (14) 00 TAWEEL(HAM4afctoi*n)R Armstrong 6-9 PTMs fit — 

1985: DANCING BRAVE 9-2 G Starkey (4-9 fav) G Harwood 11 ran 

406 (15) 

407 (4) 

408 (13) 
410 (19) 
414 (17) 

416 (12) 

417 (3) 

418 (6) 

419 (5) 

421 (18) 

422 (14) 

423 (16) 
42* (6) 

425 (7) 

426 (IQ) 

0220 MA PETITE LASSE (K Fischer) M E Franco 8-8 

4120 DAYS UKE THESE (D) (P Davies) P Beley 80 

002001 FATHER TME(B^ (Mrs A HoflesQO Thom 87 (7»c) R 

00000 TIC DEVt-V MUSIC (C Burn) NBycrott 8-2 L 

01 ANOTHER GUEST (D) (D McIntyre) R Shastter 7-13 AJ 

004 GOLDEN CAJUN (UGd C HR-Wood) W Jarvis 7-13 

31 ANOTHER RHYTHM (D) (P Byrne) R Hutchinson 7-13 

23201 MUFAMlG Wright) WMuason 7-1 3 (7«n) 

008 NAWWAH (H AI-Maktoum) C Benstead 7-11 ‘ 

040011 SKYHOLT (BJJ) (Mrs L Yong) W O Gorman 8-3 (7ax) 

000000 MON BALZAR (C— loma In Ltd) A Brtey 7-8 

2312 PARADISE COFFEE (DJV) (J Arriola) 0 Dotfeb 7-7 OK 

140 VIA RQIOA (D) (J Li) PM MMChtf 7-7 

132*22 OUT ON A R.YER (A HonQ D BaMXth 7-7 

000 DALUXrS CONQUEST (Daior Don Ud)R HuBNnte 7-7 

1985c YOUNG JASON 7-13 MTbcmaa (3-1 fav) G Lewis 17 ran 

A Moray 

_ BCmedey 

R KBs 

J Raid 

N Adwne 

.. R Co c tes e 
_ LChaomcfc 


J Luna 

— AMMO* 

W Canon 

JQutan (5) 
Q Brad— 1(7) 

ran). JCARlffi (8-11) showed eariy s 
, Oct 18, 12 ran). PILLAR OF WtSOO 
here (7f. £5157. goad to Om. Oct 3, 

peed but finished we8 behind Scarlet Bade (8-11) bare (71. £8974. 
Mp-0). favourite, looked in need of outing whan 4x1481 to TVv oo t pr 

145 NOVEMBER SELUNG HANDICAP (£2.040: 61) (23 runners) 

201 (6) 440240 FOOUSH TOUCH QfJBf (M Chandar) W Musson 4-10-0 MWIgham 

203 (21) Q32Q20 REPEALED (Mrs E WBams) W Hastings-Bass 4-9-9 R Lines (3) 

204 (15) 002000 GLOBAL (GMnl Homes Ltd) W Musson 89-7 R Price (7) 

206 (20) 4-40144 ALNASHNE (D) (D Thom) D Thom 4-9-4 A Murray 

207 n 000040 CRESTA LEAP (U-Col E Homes) R Hannon 3-9-3. L Jones (5) 

208 (11) 034000 AVALON (B) (P Fahey) S Christian 3-9-2 SCaothen 

3.20 JAMES SEYMOUR STAKES (£9,442: 1m 21) (11 runners) 

501 (5) 033030 CHAUMBS (VjCO)(C Booth) R J WHtams 5-8-3 

506 (2) 1230 TOrTIFSahsdQP Cota 34-12 

507 (9) 14123-1 WATER CAY (P Bum*) H Cedi 34-12 

508 (4) 430100 ATOKA mtHKaseiowsfcy) John FrtzGerdd 4411 

509 (8) 1-10300 BONSHAMLE (D) (E Tisnei) A Hide 38-9 

510 (1) 021 NADBD(9iaMi Mohammed) MStoute 380 

512 (7) 218220 FAREWELL TO LOVE (D)(P Mellon) I Baking 346 

513 (6) 21210 MAOC SUPPER (D^F)(HJoeQH Cedi 346 

514 (10) 234104 QUEEN OF BATTLE (B Gertiauser) M Ryan 346 

W Croon 

_ p wirirfmn 

Z R«a 

R Geest 


211 (19) 00-3000 KINGS HB4G (H) (R Richards) 0 Hanley 332 

213 (23) 040 GODOUNOV (8) (ExdieiJd)W Storey 3413 SWMhrerth 

214 (13) 000002 GOLDEN STRAW 0) (MreM Gower) Mrs CReavey 3412 JReid 

217 (4) Q20U0O NORTiON LAD(Y)(Mrs DRedlem) J H0K348 PWeWroa 

219 (3) 200000 OPTRHSM RAMED (C Webster) Mrs J Ramsden 348 NBeecraR 

221 (7) 002440 MANABEL (A Ripley) S Bowring 447 J Qraon(5) 

223 (1® 023003 POCO LOCO (MreC Howard) A Davison 444 — 

224 (12) 000204 WMMNG FORMAT (J Foxl PMafcfll 344 TOirina 

225 (10) 304000 COMMANDER HEADER (B) (Mrs E OOonnafi) D ODonneS 3-8-4 WNewnes 

227 (16) 008410 PASSOOm (C Bnutflekt) R Hoad 343 B Cra w ley 

228 (14) 000 OBLDETKHE(G Janes) GGracey 443 N Adame 

T Ire* - — — — 

, S Whitworth 93 — 

JReid 94 — 

— PWMdroo 93 — - 

- M Bancroft 

-J Onion (5) 95 6-1 


229 (5) 000031 LE MAfG (BJ7) (Hma* «ri Wigan) JWBson3«3.. 

JoSe Seeker (7) G99F9-2 

232 (1) 000000 HEAVEM.Y CAROL (B) (K Cunde«) P Crnlea 341 WC arson 

234 (17) 000000 MR PANACHE (V) (L Naylor) M Chapman 4-7-13 G Carter 

237 (B) 024000 GOUEN DISC (B) (J Lenhan) M Camacho 4-7-10 J Lowe 09 — 

238 (2) 300003 WES8RS BAY (Hocuey Pig) NBycrafl 4.7-8 LCtemock 98 — 

238 (22) 000004 BEQUGIA (R Bishop) A Hide 4-7-7 AMecfcey 87 — 

1885: FOOUSH TOUCH 342 C Dwyer (5-1 fav) K Stone 29 ran 


piece of good tram to his name, when 
soft. June 14. 17 ran). GODOUNOV - 

and was IKl 4th to 
9 ran). GLOBAL has one 
(8-7) (61.21825. good to 
'.yr(6f, £940, firm. 
1 41 2nd to Planet 

I lilSlllI I 

r n in i ^py#Wr|>if 1 1 f > m ■ ¥ . 1 r j m 



ft.,, 1 j . j ,!Y,'J.'(j l r ;ui 



By Mandarin 

1 30 Even Deeper. j 3.00 Renshaw Wood. 

2.00 Flying Dancer- I 3.30 Music Be Magic. 

2.30 LucyfeL | 4.0S Commeragh King. 

By Michael Seely 

1 .30 PHIL THE FLUTER (nap). 2.00 Flying Dancer. 

The Tunes Private Handicapper's top rating: 2.30 CHEENYS BRIG (nap). 

Going: good 

1.30 BOSTON SPA HANDICAP CHASE (£2.110: 3m 100yd) (9 runners) 

&0 TATTERSALLS NOVfCES’ CHASE (Mares: £1,490: 2m 50yd) (10 runners) 

1 01 RENSHAW WOOO (MreM Dawson) P Beaumont 6-11-1 — PA Feme (4) 

4 0002-43 QU94 HAVE (Mre S Barer) R Francis 7-10-10 SJOWeM 

5 0303 KATY OUCK (F Barlow) M Naughion 8-18-10 MHematohd 

6 0-01F23 KENTUCKY CALLR4G (BF) (Sfess C Caro*} Miss C Came 6-10-10 — N Doughty 

7 OOOPO-R KILSYTH (M Pointon) D QurcheS 7-10-10 WKm(4) 

8 032F04- MAGGIES GML (khs M WTMeman) Denys Smito 7-10-10 CIM 

11 200-200 RfGffT CLOUDY (P Uddto) P Lidde 8-10-10 Mr T Reed 

12 O/PF-3 SECRET VALE (H Brown) T BB 5-18-10 R Crank 

13 08-0042 S&.VER SNOW (Mrs E Scott) Mrs E Scott 8-10-10 H Eamsfi— 

14 P4P12U/ SOUND OF LAUGHTER (tyfasBBugass)JW BkMMteN 8-10-10 DOottoa 

1985: SUMMER PATH 8-10-10 M Dwyer (134) M Camacho 6 ran 

2 U41233/ LOREHTMO (C) (Lord LevwtnWmS R Francis 9-11-10 

3 4301U1- EVEN D^ERfR Beeson) JWBhimM 6-11-8 

6 33BFOO- PML TIM «iITHJ (CD) (G Money) H Whanon 11-11-6 SYoukWn (4) 

7 08331 3 - SEOfT VALLEY (JWafcy) I Jordon 13-11-2 GBradtey 

10 4371213- SUPRB« BKJ (Lord CadoganJN Crimp 9-10-11 C Hawkins 

12 121430- IMGHTY RUN (CO) (J WaOjr) W A saphonsan 8-10-3 KJowe 

14 P320-BF PURPLE BEAM (T Barnes) T Bames 7-10-0 BStoray 

16 POUfTI COMCULAIE(C F Lee) C FL» 18-100 K Ryan (7) 

17 00URV0 BE (Mrs G Barte) Mis 6 Barte ff-lfrO Kn48w0Mt(7) 

188& (Araatenre) WOODBURGH 7-1 141 Mr P Dennis (1-2 tov) Mrs P Swans 2 ran 

ZO E B F NOVICES’ HURDLE QUALIFIER (£1,266: 2m) (13 runners) 

2 WIM BRABMBt BOY (Yl«w)TUxton 5-11-0 JDOevfesp) 

4 P0PRL4 CUHRAQW(P Pifler)W A Stephenson 4-11-0 R Lamb 

5 1- R.YD4G DANCER pBremal) Mrs MDWgrwon 4-11-0 O BrarSey 

9 MASTER OF LYRIC (Mrs A Haiewoad) D McCnki 4-1 14) KDoMre 

12 PO- PROUD P044PEY (G Ennor) Mrs C dart: 5-11-0 REamshnw 

18 P004M* TOP OTHE CREAM (A SecMngton)J Charlton 5-11-0 B Storay 

19 U48MO- TREVELLO (I Jordon) I Jratfon 6-11-0 D Bwton 

20 00- ORANGE MLL (9RL (Mbs J Colins) J Jefferson 5-10-9 S Chariton 

21 0 HATSU-GHE (R Swiers) R Smers 5-10-6 Mr J Osbreme (7) 

22 LMGHAM BRIDE (J Swtars) J Sinera 4-109 CGmto 

23 PBB3LE HAD (A Watson) A Watson 4-10-9 "Pepper 

25 SHEmHGO(JMmalto)CJBeB4-f6-9 — 

26 SIP OF ORANGE (Mrs R Haggle) Jimmy RtzgeraM 4-109—. M Dwyer 

1985: DtNEl OP GBR 4-10-12 Mr P Ntaan (Evens tav) F Musgrave 7 ran 

£30 GREEN HAMMERTON HANDICAP HURDLE (£2,330: 2m 4ft (17 runners) 

3 0-43103 BATTLEFIELD BAND (CD) (Mrs I OOOnef) J W Bkjnde* 9-11-7 CMto 

5 1-32112 THARALBOS(DflF»(RWaW»nan)FWaison 6-11-5 GM cCoart 

6 0-31111 TROMROS (m (Mrs J Park) DenyB&nilh 5-1 1-6 . C Qraof 

8 0103- PRYMG PARSONS (R WHspD K OBver 5-11-4 — JK Wnana 

9 612104- DA17S GAM8LE (C Ataxandar) R Fisher S-11-3 ■— «"«01» 

11 P41213- FAIR BAVARD(MreBSm«iJH Wharton 6-1 1-1 SYraridreW 

12 20000V SOIDBT (CJ)) (G Laatham) M H Eastorty 6-11-0 — - L Wyer 

13 41411-0 SECRET WALK (D) (Hamaway RooBng Lto) W A Stephenson 5-11-0 ~ PCoortoS 

14 104DQP- GREQI GORSE (CJ)) (S LyceD Green) N Quip 6-10-13 -CHawtone 

16 0/03122- RAPE BEAT (J VWson Waflcer) W A Stephenson 6-10B-, -"J** 

17 (MytO-42 LUCYLET (G Robinson) Mrs G Revefey 7-f(M_— — 

18 3Q/F31-0 SMI CAROS BAY (V JR (A SMphensoiB A Stephenson 5-10-9 S Woore (^ 

19 30000-0 WHATS WHAT (tfra D BousfeVJ) B BousflefcJ 7-10-7 — l6reD »tfcpi 

20 02-4233 WELL COVERED (CO) (G HamMon) R HcBlshead 5-10-6 — PDevw 

21 P/012QC FLYWGSOUAD(MrsJGoodtaflow)l*sJGoodiellowB-lOS PD WflaW 

22 03M43- JAY RLE THAW TO(JTtaW)DMoTWt 6-10-2 KtwbMB 

23 00021-0 CHEERY'S BWG (D) (A Mactaggacl) A Madaeoert 6-100 PT» ' 

19» CKARLDPTIFS DUMX 5-11-9 A Brcnin (4-1) M H EastWhy 10 ran 

JD Oavfes (7) 

R Lamb 

G Bradley 

K Dooian 



D Baiun 

. . S Chariton 
. Mr J Osteoma (7) 

— 12-1 
90 8-1 
• 99 11-4 
ST 9-2 
85 11-2 

3J0 CATTAL HANDICAP CHASE (£3,022: 2m 50yd) (10 nmners) 

T 1131FF- SOfSRLED(R McDonald) R McOonakl 7-11-10 

3 111JH>- MUSIC BE MACDC (CO) (H Mason) GRIChSRto 7-11-8 

3 3111F/P- TRAVHjOWEM (CO) (P Ptter)W A S tep henson 9-1 1-2 

4 run OP- KEVMSFORT (CD) (Mis R Haggle) Jhrany HtogeraU 8-10-7 

6 143222- NORTON CROSS (Maj J Lintoyl M H Eastwhy 8-10-2 

7 04Q30P- TOVEALBHACH (H Harpur-Crewe) P O'Connor 12-104) 

8 0/04414- VEU87 CITY (F Storey) F Storey 10-180 

9 034010 AWEnE’SDEUGHT(JWenman)T Casey 7-1 DO 

11 340-114 SR BAD5W0RTH (CO) (T Laxton) T Laxton 8-10-0 

12 Q/2120P- LIVERPOOL RAMMSKTSuaeteiMdlK Otrer 7-100 

— CHawtona S3 8-1 

PTnefe 92 5-1 

R Irate — 4-1 

M Dwyer 92 6-1 

LWyar •99F3-1 

— 97 — 

BStoray 9810-1 

— 80 — 

. JDDaetos(7) 79 8-1 

— JKKknoa 60 — 

regarded by 

Fred Winter is predicting a 
bright fotHre far Ulan Bator who 
overcame several hkcaps before 
Testifying odds of 11-10 on fat the 
NaBswortfa Novices’ Chase at 
Wincantea yesterday. 

Jot as the i m n ae rs jumped of^ 
Ulan B totn r sadden^ whipped 
raredandms ten lengths sdifft 
of the field by the tone Peter 
S cn da m o re coaxed him into 

The Scene is set for a dramatic —ppr — -- g tiyn ^ - 
confrontation as tens <£ thoo- “SaSwho h» 

sands of miemational fens de- Tins is ^jriUniiUomura 
scend on Sante Anita for activiws 

ftmvfent' Dav tomoirow. from tas tramuqs ^ . 

The Cecil-trained stayer Paean, who vriD have conditions to 
his liking in today's George Stnbbs Stakes at Newmarket 

Scndamore in no panic to 
redace the leeway, and steadBf 
made wp ground thsoegboat the 
foil arrant. He joined the 
leader, J taiadn y Qoirtrif, two 
fences from home where be 
screw ed 

last fence before going on ta win ^ 0 f22 of37 starts during her 
by fionr lengths. career. Wayne Lnkas's brilliant 

UfamBafnr bad fejfanm three fbur-year-oid filly by Secretariat 
occasMQs last season, bid Win- has already amassed earnings of 
ter was qnick to point ant that over S2Wun. ' 
those errors were ootdne to sfip- If Lady’s Secret wins tomon- 
shod j mnmlag . The Lambor rm m ^ jj ^qtc io be eleaed 
trainer said: “He had the virus champion, but if she is beaten 
last man and womd jast and either Turkoman or 
co ll a pse at the end of a race. He 'predsionist wins the Classic, 
has a touch of dam and Tm sore one oftbese two colts is likely to 
hell scale greater heegbts.” be awarded the crown. 

The locally-based Mkcbell in her last three starts Lady’s 
racing femBy all played a role in Secret has captured the fiffieS* 
the 33-1 triaa^k of G W triple crown. Her winning dis- 
Sapenaarem the first ill v fai t w of tances in the Maskette ana the 
the Nether Wallop Novices' R uffian Haadieap were seven 

Breeders' Cup Day tomoirow. 
aped o ft; Not only will the reputations 
of Dancing Brave and Sonic 
hs adrift L^dy be at stake as these two 
?e Peter great horses fight their rivals for 
ha mtn supremacy round the tight 
bends of the nine-ten ths-of-a- 
pamcao mile ciram. The result of the 
steadBf Distaff and Breeders' Cup das- 
h oat the sic will also detennine the 
ned the destination of the title af“Harse 
kit, two of the Year” for 1986. 

5*** ** As D-Day approaches Lady’s 
“ft*” Secret is a hot fevourite to gain 
ss of the this coveted honour. The win- 

tram rm t__ 

alone, a feat thatww^ be 
bnpnriblc to accompb^ *" 

Brfr^nin such a short siraccof 
SStTallriag about Lady sSe- 


Ridden by the anralwnr Tan 
MkcbeU, aged 18, die mare is 
trained at Sherborne by Ms 
father, Richard, and was led 
round the parade ring by Tim’s 

came at a price. 

The sa 
The mare 

fli ghts from kfff, wad MU 
bobbfing painfhOy wbes retarn- 
lag to tbe winners cmdosmre. 

Riduod Mitchell said, *T 
have always known the mare 
had plenty of ability, bat I 
considered she may have needed 
this first onfet of the se a so n . 
With a rra under her belt, I 
would have mort gi ged the Cum 
on her here.** 

it was a second winner of the 
season for Tim, who is a papiTs 
assistant with the Lamboarn 
traioer Stan MeBor. 

Gesedeh wins 

Gesedeh, ridden by John 
Reid, pot Hp a fine display to win 
the first group race of her career 
in France yesterday. The Mi- 
chael Jarvis filly stayed on well 
to defeat Only A Rumour by « 
and a half lengths in the group 
three Prix de Flore at Saint- 
Cloud after going to the front 
vreH over a finfong ont. She paid 
5-2 on the PRri-MatneL 

The Dick Hero-trained Sweet 
Mover ninth of the 12 

runner s , beaten eight lengths. 

and eight lengths, respectively. 

Box recently at Behnom Park 
she only beat Coup de FusO by 
ha]f a length. That was over 10 
furlongs, the same distance as 
tomorrow’s race and a slight 
donbt about her temina is the 
Only, possible chink in her 

Lukas, her trainer, is one of 
the phenomenons of die north 
American scene: A 51-year-old 
former basketball coach, be 
came to thoroughbred racing 
after achieving outstanding suc- 
cess with quarter horses. 

Since taking out a licence in 
1978 he has broken most pre- 
vious records. In 1985 be sad- 
dled 26 individual winners of a 
record 70 stakes races and die 
same year he amassed mi in- 
credible 511,160.111 in prize 

Like most go-getting en- 
trepreneurs, be possesses the 
killer instinct honed to a fine 
pitch and is completely frank 
about his ambition. “It’s the 

about his ambition. “It’s the 
co mp e titi ve nature of the sport 
that gets to you. It’s a tough 
business,” be said. “If you letup 
for a week or even a day, it 
shows. But it's my nature to try 
and get bigger and better all the 

Tm the kind of guy that ifTve 
got two I want four, and if Fve 
four, I want eight Racing just 
gets into your blood and takes 
you over. You think about it 

n-nvaisior “^ hLVaidf “She’s very B 000 - 

trained, she reserves her 
TcvfdS- best for the trig occasmo. 

ratine the How ever, t he 
eaf“Harse Park Express are ^notov^wea 
5. bytheAmeneaBChampwaWg:- 

iesIWs Ton, GgUahCT . i;m Botg^ 

during her looks maEBiBcenl L’jJJ’w 

as g 

- _ T „_~, dK*U take all the beating, 
be elected Neil Drysdale, the o^r 
e is beaten trainer to have won ra«s wth 
ornan or different horses at the 
x Classic, previons Breeders, "Jjj 

sis likely to Pnncess Rooney in 1984 and 
^7 with Tasso in 1985, also throj« 

arts LadY’s ^ L ^ i Secret ** 

the fillies’ vmaeraWe. 
inning »fa- The trainer s a id: “There was a 

tte and the lot of pressure on me Iasi tune as 

vere sevra both horses we. 8^8 
pectivdy. national titles. This him ns 
, I., ,, more relaxing but although 


hw'best, she's only got an each- 
fi ffrarw as way chance, 
d a slight Howcver. the quirt and deter- 
nina is the mined British-born towin g 
k in her trainer at this yearns Oak Tree 

meeting is a realist and no 
, is one of opinion should be respected, 
f die north The tension is mounting cm 
>1 -year-old the eve of the championship 
coach, be meeting. However, on Wedao* 
red racing &y Geoff Lawson was leading 
aiding Sac- Dancing Brave in an evening 
ses. walk round the barn area, 

licence in The Prix de L’Arc de 
most pro- Triompbe winner was on the 
85 be sad- best of terms with himself as ha 
inners of a playfully shied at a non-existent 
cs and the danger. “He’s in top form and 1 
sed a n in- thou^n he worked wen,” said 
[ in (size Lawson. 

Michael Stoute, as always a 
string cd- co mp let e realist, issued a ware- 
sesses the mg note before he drove away 
I to a fine, from the stables. “I know I'm 
nely frank- pleased with Souk Lady and 
“It’s the Dancing Brave also looks 
f the sport magnificent, ' But tins is all 
’s a tough coming at the end of a long 
tyoiJ klop season and it's goii$ to be very 
aday, it tough, make bo mistake about 
itme to try thaL” 

The trainer is ririit, of course: 
bat what else could be expected 
with such a star-studded cast for 
the best day*i raring ever staged. 
After all, they do not give the 
world championship away on a 


By Mandarin 

1.15 Its A Laugh. 1.45 Tinsel Rose. 2.15 Ludcy 
Vane. 2.45 Mzima Spring. 3.1S Deer Crest. 
3.45 Red Rocky. 


HURDLE (£483: 2m 1ft (11 runners) 

3 000- BUCXH0RN WESTON Mrs J WonuacoC4-tt-7 

J rto c M tayra 4-11-7. B 


SS8 ^ 

11-6 NNtord Ou 
1 The Laggas, 10-1 

3m 51) (10) 



94 Lucky Vane, 11-4 Uttto Pobrte, 4-1 Qortitora, 13-2 Two 1 ^NlWfc H Davies, 
Coppers, 10-1 Rtzbarttet (teestoxg. 16-1 otters. 

Yesterdays results 


Going: good 

1985: sn BADGWrarrH 7-100 (C PMott) 10-1 T Laaton 6 ran 

AS HORNSHAW MAIDEN HURDLE (£1,070: 2m 4ft (22 runners) 

S 0-43000 
7 333- 


17 0 

18 OP- 

22 2F- 

23 00- 
26 FD4P-22 
28 030000/ 
31 UR*B40 

40 OB- 


43 000-232 
45 300000- 

47 000400- 

48 P0-P 

48 83 



S Woods (7) 


P Dover 

P Doratis (4) 



CHANGED PERSON (J Wade) J Wade 5-10-8 BStoray 

CQMB1AGH KMG (J Fitzgerald) Jimmy. FftegeraM 7-188. MDnyev 

GOLDEN TUPB4CE (Mrs G Armnage) O Uo 5-18-8 QHartmr(<) 

PERt0CKETY(W A Steptonson) W A Stephenson 8188 R Lamb 

POHDBtOMr (A KnoMtas) A Knowles 8188 

RANCHO BERNARDO (M HeByw) Mrs M DcWnson 5-186 GBrsdtay 

RATH WOMSI (Anns Ducmss ol Westetester) R Fnnas 5-188— SJCTNoM 


TANA'S PBFORMANCE (Mtss D Dattel) N Ciunp 7-10-8 — 

TULLYCANNA (B) (J Wade) J Wade 6-10-8 KJoon 

AFRICATE (Mbs CCerae) Miss C Came 4.1 8-7 R Crank 

BALMGLANCE (R Lsytend) R Laytand 4-187 REmnatew 

BROKERS CHOICE (H Htopw-Craira} P O'Connor 4-10-7 C Gm 

LONDON WMDOWS (A HamfetyJ A Hantoiy 4-107 MrAHoobb 

ONE TRACK HMD (Mbs J Eaton) Mtes J Eaton 4-10-7 J Steam 

OUR DUDLEY (Mrs R Barron) Mm R Barred 4-187 T rn'i min 

RODNEY BAY (R SooB) J W BtondoB 4-187 O Dutton 

WELL MFORKD (Mrs C Ward) C J Ball 4-18-7-. RJBogom 

GOCfflFaLOvrS FOLLY (S Watson) Uorton 8-183 SCMto 

KERSTELLA (Lord Cedogan) N Crump 5-183 - — 

PURPLE PMDE (Mrs GBsrtta) Ms GBante 6-183— JD Devin (71 

SAXON SLAVE (Ms R Crosstey) j Jefferson 5-183 MW 

1985; WEIL COVERS3 4-10-7 J J O'Noa (11-10 tov) R HoNratete 7n> 

Course specialists 

60 — 

-L30 (Bn 8( hdto) 1. G W SUPBUURE 
(MrTMidML 2. KmMOM U Rost. 

33-lfca. Neraty A Are (P Barton. g4lw). 
ALSO RAN: 5 Sttr Of Arabte. 182 flotar 

Gian. 8 Brtanowi (Sth), 12 Ariion*. 16 

HnM OfcerTS SadMar (su). Ry 
Gob. FMng Tenderfoot Stondy, 25 


82 81 

82 13-3 


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Par Cent 




MreM ttetansoi 








MH Easterby 




R Lamb 




VW A SreptiffiBon 




C Gram 












Jimmy FtcgeraM 
Denys Smffi 








C Hawkins 







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WfWWt * t'»— ' 

Welsh eyes see 
a way through 
the blind alley 


By Gerald Daries 

To adopt or impose a tices and be too w»dv 
iSSS “S 1 C? S2? accept a lower standard. * 
25 f J2LSS t; ^ S®™ 6 coaches, despite their 

yeammg is ploe written qualifications, are not 
and simple enough, wifl mate wfaal they are cracked imtobt 
hts way to the top of the tree What they are OQacfawtdub 
because of the system, mspte level is not good^S^S 
of it, or even if those others the basic skills, fnr S 
chiged. with the responsfljfl- not toucfaSroo^ ^ ”* 

ity. lail to plan altogether. The rJ2EK5«. 

ity fed to plan altogether. The Certainhr thVrT« «« 
itch to get on wfll not go away. _ J£ 

S5ffSe7fflaSS& ^“vSS^“5S 

the route of prom oti on, 
though, makes matters un- 
necessarily difficult and for 
many young players, once 
having left the structure of the 

come anywhere n«w the 
achievement of Palmer and 
Haffiday on Wednesday eve- 
ning at Bath. It would have 
been an object to all the 

threeqnarters in Wales to have 

^M 0 “£T3 ns - the * 

SSidSEy. ** dow,, a rf ^?T :e,a Sr'^f d - 

The hrieht vnnno Thin« -_ T ¥ SC S»“® Wcl ^ ptey- 



their seniors, can often drift WRU" J<^ *¥52^? 
unnoticed av«y. It is some, 

m«r seniors, can onen amt WRIJ" Tnl, n rw-3T 1TZ. 
unnoticed away. It is some- cSweS^^S?«£S 
thing that John Dawes, the 

Welsh coaching oi^nizcr, has SK= P S1‘S e “^^ 

**• sfSS 


.jwa iy-- ■■'•* «*w-’ 

Itv*!: ■ r » -*• ,.\ .'VI 

^“Thera^ n P* 3 ^ respected but 

3 8®P* be who have also been trained as 
^ teachers and know how to deal 

The beginning of a Golden Age — remembered in sepia 


T»o. ra were wcu carereo ror oy ^^20 souad was 

!*™*ht into btinf^S year 

Rugby Unions. After that it 
was possible to lose touch with 
most of them. What we have 
done now is to arrange for two 
age groups to come together as 
the under-20 and under-2I 

“At the end of the season we 
ask the two unions to submit 
the names of the players which 
form their squads. These 
make up the under-20s. In 
Case some players may have 
escaped the net, we ask the 
elute, too, to submit names 

but some of the players were 
not quite sure what to malm of 
it since there was no immedi- 
ate objective. 

“That was the first step,* 
Dawes explained. “We are 
going a step further this year. 
The undcr-20s will have 
matches against Pembroke- 
shire mid the Welsh Students. 
The Welsh Students them- 
selves already play England 
and France. The tmder-21s 
have match es arranged for 
them a gainst the Combined 

By Simon WDde 

One of the oldest and lamest of sports 
photographs has been aneartned, as is tike 
way with these things, in the unlikeliest of 
placet. H. A. Osbourne, die Sussex County 
rtidwt rhb librarian, > ** — Hy stumbled 
across a sepia photograph, me asmi n g some 
lift wide by 3%ft deep — It is ahunu above 
with its finder — in the bofler-room b en eat h 
the Hove pavilion. It was taken during the 
second Test match between Australia and 
England, who^ were captained by W. G. Grace, 
at the Sydney Cricket Groqnd in January* 
February, 1892. 

The photogr a ph, a view of the match in 
progres s , is to be pre sen te d to the New South 
Wales Cricket Association m. January, at die 

end of die forthcoming Ashes Test series, by 
Sussex CCC, who will keep a half-size copy. 
The has crane about t hr ough the 

efforts of David Frith, editor of Woden 
Cricket Momtify ; who has arranged for 
, Qantas to air-freight die photograph, which 
weighs 1.5cwt, in four sections free of charge. 

The photograph was orighdlf presented to 
the third Eari of Sheffield, one of the game’s 
great benefactors and theman wbooqpnized 
and financed the 1891-92 tour, by die trustees 
of the Sydney Cricket Ground. Public interest 
in cricket kid seriously declined in Anstnlia 
daring the late 1880s, due to the waning 
powers and successes of their side, but 
SfcrfErf^ mt only a strong Rit glwh 

touring party, but also persuaded Grace to 
lead it. Grace had visited Australia only once 

before, in 1873-74— his famous “honeymoon** 

The 1892 Sydney Test was remarkable. 
Thanks to efforts of T-nhmnim (milt for 
58) and Abel (who carried his bat for 132 not 
out), everything went in EadauTk favour as 
they established d first-inmngs lead of 162. 
However, their hick riwnpJ and Bngfmii 
struggled to take jast two wickets daring the 
whole of the third day as Anstnlia, for whom 
Lyons scored 134 and Bmntumn 91 in seven 
and a half hours, eventually totalled 391 in 
their second ™ "i p- By the FngTsmf 

wort in to dy and make 230 to win, rain had 
™ii» th» uncovered pH»*i» «mt 

they lost three early wickets, mdudiag that of 
Grace for five. They never really recovered 
and Anstnlia won fay 72 runs. 

In presenting the photograph to Lord 
Sheffield, Australians were showing their 
appreciation for what be had done. They were 
subsequently to have much more for which to 

be grateful to him. At the end of the tour, Shef- 
field gave the Australian Cricket Council a 

field gave the Australian Cricket Council a 
farewell present of £150 to use as they thomht 
best. They invested it in a ahh>m i mcasuiraig 
46in by 30in, bearing the Sheffield and 
Australian coats of anas, to be competed for 
annually by the Australian states. 

Though England won the third Test, h 
Adelaide, Australia took the series and it 
proved to be the beginning of an Australian 
cricket revival. Soon, they had embarked on 
one at their most glorious periods as the game 
moved into its so-called “Golden Age". 
(Photograph: John Williams). 

wUch they think are worthy 

inclusion. But they need to he know who the btwptayers are. 

rigorous in their selection 
because we do not want 
players who are out of their 
depth and are likely to be 
disappointed. In this way we 
can keep a watchful eye on the 
best players in Wales." 

The under-20 squad was 
announced on Wednesday, 
the under-21 group will be 
considered this weekend. 
There will be about 1 50 names 
mail .. 

It is also of some concern 
that young players joining a 
club, at whatever level, and 
staying there, may come under 
the narrow influence of the 
one club and its coach. The 
player may develop bad prac- 


they will play Scotland under- 
21, the ultimate objective. 

“The next step is to arrange 
a pattern of regular fixtures 
with other countries and tour- 
ing abroad must be a prime 
objective. Welshmen are said 
to be bad travellers. If that is 
the case we want to put an end 
to it We are already laying 
plans to go to New Zealand 
and Australia. 

Christie requests the top 10 Anderson’s 

billing that he deserves 

By SriknmarSeu 
Boxing Correspondent 



Pressure grows on 
first Test places 

“If none of the countries is 
given sufficient time to pre- 
pare for the first Wodd Gbp, T 
intend, if there is to be a next 
time, that Wales will have 
done all the groundwork 

Errol Qmsde’s stylish victory 
over s«m Manama, die highly 
regarded middleweight from 
Connemara and Boston, 

Quirke injury fails to 
deter rampant Irish 

By David Hands, Rngby Correspondent 

remarkably well to hold their 

lunton 4 visitors in the second half 

ir rwiorut 90 Painter, their captain, and Parry 

Dundee and Lou Duva,lwo of 
, the world’s leading experts who 
were present at the Alexandra 
Pavilion, London, on Wednes- 
day night Dundee was in 
Maunon's comer and Duva 
had brought over Tyrell 
Biggs, the American heavy- 
weight contender. 

Both men were so impressed 
with Christie’s perfor ma nce, in 
which he did not lose a round, 
that they believed they had seen 
boxing of the highest class and 


Over ha head: Christie's right has Mansion docking 

a high position in the top 10 in leaning too heavily on his 

the world but he thought that 

King's Taunton 4 

Blackrocfc College — 29 

that the 22-year-old Cbvenny Christie would have trouble 
fighter could go all the way to with a heavier puncher than he. 

the world title challenge. *Tbe hard hitteis will take 

_ Dnva, who also manages Christie’s head o£Q” Mannion 
Holyfidd, the World said. “He makes too many 
Association defensive errors.” 
right champion, the Mannion’s trainer, Peter 
welterweight, Mark Kerr, said: “Christie has all the 
and two other Olympic moves of a world champion. I 
cdalists, thought that did not know be was so quick, 
was ready to challenge Sean just could not get to him. 

But I believe that a hard 
the praise and win will puncher wBl have b«n in 
onders for Christie’s trouble.” 
ce, which was at its While die quality of Christie’s 

>b since the eight-round boxing was the finest we have 
r Mark Kaylor, of West seen fin- a long time from a 
>t year, Christie and his Briton, Marurion’s assessment 
, Bart McCarthy, are has got to be rejected. Christie 
take things rather more is open to the right hand, though 
Mannion did not manage to 
have got so many land a hard enough one to do 
’ McCarthy said. “We any damage. Christie’sfootwork 
br Anderson’s British was so deft that the Irishman 
son's Commonwealth could not reach him. 
he European. We win Also the Irishman's southpaw 
Errol and we win pick stance increased the distance of 
ces.” Christie's chin from Mannio n’s 

e had other ideas. “The right hand. In the dose en- 
nt to fight is Kaylor, for counters Christie was always 

An -exceptionally talented 
Irish side maintained their un- 
beaten record and deprived 
their hosts of theirs at Taunton 
yesterday. Biackrock, who have 
three representatives in 

looked a well-matched pair of I Evander Holyfidd, the World 

centres who will thrive on other 

Biackrock, among their many 
trumps, possessed an ace in 
Mclvor their scram half a 
nimble and decisive player with 
the ability, like others of his 

Boxing Association 

c raisei w e igh t champion, the 
brilHant welterweight, Mark 
Breland, and two other Olympic 
gold medalists, thought that 

Romania tomorrow, won by tackle. He was one of three first- 
2l2iwSSto?trv half try scorers but King’s rallied 

^L^.f« Iry .rtnr^ had we ^ thereafter, confirming the 
. The morning storm _ had rrarih^Rav 

abated but Biackrock produced 
something of a whirlwind start 
in which Quirke, their hooker, 
was concussed. It affected them 
not a jot; they pushed die King’s 
pack about as happily with 
seven men but were not allowed 
to capitalize upon their constant 
scrummage superiority for tech- 
nical reasons which were not 
always obvious. 

King’s coukl depend only cm a 
brave liueout battle for pos- 
session and, at 16-0 down when 
they turned round, they did 

tackle. He was one of three first- 

half try scorers but King’s rallied 
well thereafter, c onfir ming the 
opinion of their coach, Ray 
Codd, that they take time to 

Bbetawk Comk 
Brian QL Mdvor. Cunfc 
Rof*Bj3tjMmShr. Ottann 
nwsafixEGE. TAUNT0M P AkBORd: 

F VWa. S Parry, S PMnttr (captaW, 
Gazzant A Barry. S RosstterWMnL 
Cook, M Timor. R Smyth. T MabbaU, N 
Thompson, G Dte. J Barnpton. 
O-Hvnfcan; M O •Brian. D Rorfce, D 

Behan, P Curtin; D Shariiaw, S Mdvor; J | OUT chances.' 
Lannon, J CMrfee (rep. B Brown*). “ * *— 

Lennon. J CMrtse (rep, B Browne), 
O'SuRvan. F Kerew, G Downey, P Not 
K MurpnyJcaMsinJ. N Crows. 
RetaroaiTTttwriijge (London). 


While the praise and win will 
work wonders far Christie’s 
confidence, which was at its 
lowest ebb since tiro eight-round 
defeat by Mark Kaylor, of West 
Ham, last year, Christie and bis 
manager, Bnrt McCarthy, are 
going to take things rather more 


While there is no way of 
’toughening Christie's chin by 
changing his stance according to 
bis opponent’s style, he can keep 
his chin out of harm's way. 
Christie is so brimful of skin and 
ability that to change stances, 
much as Marvin Hagter does, 
should not be beyondhim. 

McCarthy has sent a telex to 
the three world bodies request- 

ing a top 10 ranking for Christie 
on the strength of bis victory 
over Mannion. Frank Warren, 
the promoter, believes that if 
Thomas Hearns moves up to 
light-heavyweight, as he is 
thinking of doing, “a slot may 
become available and Christie 
may well get in”. 

In the m eantim e Christie win 

make his next appearance at 
Alexandra Pavilion on Decem- 
ber 3. Also on the show will be 
Azumah Nelson, the World 
Boxing Council featherweight 
champion, who will be based in 
London from now on and box 
for Warren, and Sibson, who 
win be meeting American 

Warren said: “As I also have 
Barry Mkhael. the EBFjunior 
lightweight champion, I am 
always ready to give Barry 
McGmgan and Jim McDonnell 
a crack at the world title.” 

“We have got so man y 
options,” McCarthy said. “We 
can go fer Anderson’s British 
tide, Sibson's Commonwealth 
tide or the European. We win 
not rush Errol and we wfll pack 

Christie had other ideas. “The 
man 1 want to fight is Kaylor, for 

obvious reasons,” be said. If vulnerable and Mannion hurt 

Kaylor wins the European title 
from Herol Graham on Novem- 

a ^ i neroi ura mm on novem- 

Pate s run in overdrive he win, Chr^M may well grahis 

Schools rugby by Michael Stevenson Wi MWkm.l£ketirotwoAm e ri- 

him in the fifth but was not able 
to follow np. In the three weeks 
that Christie’s new trainer, 
Jimmy Tibbs, has had him he 
has learned to strike and move 

Mamrion, like the two Amen- quickly oat of trouble: Tibbs 


-k Em i* +«•" : 

r •** “I 

„ TV. it .-V--'-’ 

m pwiwwrf j • «'■; 

Z ; 

llK ^ 

Pate’s Grammar School, 
Cbehenham, are cruising along 
in overdrive. Coached by Peter 
Kingston, the former England 
scrum half, they have won all 
their matches, amassing 300 
points to three conceded in the 
process - and, having over- 
whelmed Belmont Abbey, their 
1 1-0 victory over MBlfield was 
particularly gratifying. 

Llandovery College produced 
a superb programme for their 
98th maifh with Christ’s 
Brecon, which captured 
admirably the passion and 
involvement that the schools 
and communities felt for the 

- Christ's Brecon won the big 
match X 1-7, largely thanks to a 
degree of superiority in tbe 

Following a 33-12 win against 
Edinburgh Academy. Durham 
would have visited West Park 
for fee first time, wife con- 
fidence. West Park won how- 
ever. 22-13, 

Cambridge House. 

Ballymena, visited Yorkshire, 
beating Leeds GS 20-7 on , 
Saturday, but losing 22-0 on 
Monday to Skoates. 

Prior Park College, Bath, 
have played eight, won seven 
and lost only to a capable 
Wellington School side, 8-22, 
while 0EGS, Wakefield, have 
had a fine season in fee north 
but found Dahrich formidable 
opposition on tour. Dulwich’s 
16-0 victory came from tries 
scored by Papadopoulos, 
O’Brien, Agar and Tombs. 

cans, thought that Christie rated does not believe in Christie 

Mannion seeks Sibson showdown 

Tony Sibson’s next boat after Mamtisn’s 

his appearance oa December 3 Kerr, said yesterday: “SBmom 

at Ale xa ndr a Pavilioa, north 
L enden, could be against Sean 

would be fbofisb to take on 
Christie. He would be too good. 

Mannion, in Connemara There are not many pay days left 

(Sriknmar Sen writes): far Sons, i 

Mansion, who was thinking of shonUgetl 
retfrhig after his defeat by Errol the Peane 
Christie oa Wednesday night cranes then 
befieres he has at least one more 
ftAt left in Ua — HF* 1 "* The Irish 

far Stoson, and he and Mnmrioa 
should get t o g eth er. We can fill 
the Peane Sradinm if SBnaa 
cranes there." 

The Irish are taBdag to Frank 
Warren to pot on the show. * 

• Najib DehOw the Maroc cn - 
horn Mancmdan who is fee 
British jmrior H ght we tgh tcfoam- 
pian, challenges Marc Reynard 
for fee European title hi fee 
Belgian’s home town of Conetai 

Daho has every htcen ti v e to 
win as he has been offered a 
world title chance against Brian 
Mitchell of South Africa, in Scm 
City, Boptohatswana. 

By George Ace 

Thoughtfae main contest, m 
which Brian Anderson, from 
Sheffield, stopped Croydon’s 
southern area champion, Tony 
Burke, in tbe eighth round to 
win fee vacant British middle- 
weight title, was between two 
“foreigDcrs”, the first boxing 
show of fee season at the Ulster 
Hall, Belfast, sponsored by 
Smirnoff and under the 
Eastwood banner, provided an 
excellent night’s fare 

The title bout was easily 
forgettable and was saved from 
complete mediocrity only by 
Anderson’s becoming gal- 
vanized in the seventh round. 
Until then, tbe S heffi e ld boxer 
bad seemed content to operate 
behind a useful left jab to which 
Brake app e are d to have little 

But, when Anderson decid e d 
to cut loose in the seventh 
round, he e x c it ed a near capac- 
ity crowd by punishing Brake 
wife a variety of punches to 
head and body. 

The southern area champion 
attempted to take the fight to 
Anderson over the final 30 
seconds of the round. But a bad 
cut on the lid of Brake’s left eye 
eariy in tbe eighth round, forced 
the re f eree to halt the proceed- 
ings. So fee British title remains 
in Sheffield, home town of the 
man who relinquished it — 
Herol Graham, the European 
champion, stablemate and close 
friend of Anderson. 

The evening opened on a high 
note wife a little gem of a 
contest between Roy Webb, 
from Lame, and Gary Maxwell 
(Sheffield). The latter, a snappy 
puncher wife a more than useful 
left hook, looked to be beading 
for a dear-cut points win until 
Webb caught Maxwell on his 
unguarded chin. Never one to 
stand on ceremony when an 
opponent starts flashing distress 
signals, Webb followed it up 
wife a battery of punches that 
left Maxwell slumped to fee 
canvas with no hope of beating 
the count. 

Sam Storey, toil Hodkinson 
and Eamonn McAuley all pre- 
served unbeaten records, wife 
tbeir performances au guri ng 

Fn giam f cap tain Mil* p a t ti ng 
is still juggling wife team 
possibilities in the second first- 
class match of the tour *8**"** 
South Australia at Adelaide. 
With tbe first Test in Brisbane a 
fortnight away, his team’ s form 
has raised more questions than 
h has answered. 

The nine-wicket win in tbe 
50-over match at Wudinna pro- 
vided a timely fillip after the 
damage done by Queensland in 
their first four-day game in 
Australia, but now there is 
increasing pressure on tbe play- 
ers called up at Adelaide. 

“Queensland caught every- 
thing, and we didn't,” said 
Gatting of the five-wicket defeat 
at Brisbane. “We’re still gening 
used to the light and bounce of 
the bafl. But we’ve been here 
over two weeks now, and can't 
give that excuse much longer.” 

The England selectors are 
caught between giving all 16 
tourists some hard lead-up work 
before the first test, and restor- 

Leicestenhire colleague Gower. 
Gatting said that fee languid 
left-hander would play in Perth, 
while the 24-year-old Whitaker 
is unlikely to see much service 
unless there are m^jor disasters 
forthcoming from England’s 

Richards replaces French, 
who had an uncomfortable 
match in Brisbane behind the 

Botham has recovered from a 
skin-tear in his foot and is fit, 
while an inspection of the 
Adelaide pitch gave tbe selectors 
a rare chance to name both 

Emburey and Edmonds in fee 
squad. The forecast is that tbe 

ing credibility with a winning treatment: 

squad. The forecast is that tbe 
wicket will turn early on, giving 
tbe Middlesex spin pair a chance 
when it was forecast that they 
would be contesting for one 
place through much of fee 
Australian tour. 

England’s only worry was 
Allan Lamb, who ricked his 
neck booking in the nets yes- 
terday , and was receiving 

line-up against state sides. 

The battie for places in the 

Stung by criticism of fint test extends beyond the 
igbocTs performance, Gatting England camp. South 

said yesterday that he wanted to Australia’s captain Hookes and 
win all the first-class tour opener Andrew Hilditch are 


probably past consid- 

Much has been made of eration, but Wayne Phillips, foe 
Slack's failure against Queens- stylish left-hander who came to 

land, when be scored jost one E n gla n d two summers ago as a 
run in two innings: but great wicket-keeper, is looking for a 

expectations now rest upon bis place in the Australian side as a 
successor jMhey, who opens batsman after losing his place 

alongside Broad in Ade l aid e , behind the stumps to Tim 
Should Atbey su c cee d , be will Zochrer. 

surely open wife Broad in tbe 
dress-rehearsal for the first test 
against Western Australia in 
Perth next week. 

Making his four-day match 
debut alongside Afoey is 
Whitaker, who replaces his 

- - - Broad. W way, A 

Lsmb. M Gstt np (op t». J Wbftak*. I 
Botham. J Richards. J Embuw. P 
Edmonds, G SmaB, Q May. N Form. 


Bye-bye Bristol but 
welcome to Zurich 

By Colin McQfeDan 

RESULTS: British MhMtoimtaM- 
toraplons*** B Anderson (StonaltQM 

A Burxa (Croydon), aWrtfi rwjrxf; 
R WbMj (Lame) blo ck ed out G 

The Squash Rackets Associ- 
ation has elected to protect the 
four top-seeded men entered in 
tbe Intercity national 
championships at Bristol next 
month by giving them first 
round byes while they play in 
the lucrative Swiss Masters 
tournament in Zurich. 

her long time opponent, will 
meet Angela Flynn, of 

Lucy Sou tier, the defending 
champion, who is also the junior 
world champion, could meet the 
girl some suggest will replace her 

WMor {Qfas 
McAidey (Betts 
second round; 

ne) k nocked out G MaxmB 
fifth round; fa fti r. P 
Liverpool) knocked out C 
asgow). second rouxL E 

Philip Kenyon, the defending 
champion, Geoff Williams and 
Gawara Briars, former cham- 
pions and Martin Bodimeade. 

at the head of tbe junior game; 
Donna Vardy, of Nottingham- 
shire, on the way to a semi-final 
with Miss Opie. 

Tbe toughest quarter in either 
draw falls to Gttwain Briars, 
who must survive Bryan 
Beeson, Jamie Hickox and raul 
Garter, an increasingly experi- 
enced and rising trio, to meet 
Kenyon in the projected semi- 
final. Williams is scheduled to 
meet Bodimeade at tbe same 

the fourth seed, wfll not be 

M J Bk (UvsrpooQ, Oth round; 

(Belfast) knodcsd out O Oujgpd (Gtos- 
gow), fourth romd. 4 



France are unchanged 

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Toulouse (Reuter) — France 
will field tbe side feat beat 
Romania 20-3 in Bucharest last 
Saturday for the first Rugby 
Union . international against 
New Zealand here a week 

Philippe 'Dintrans, Fiance's 

former captain and hooker, 
returns to the national fold, after 

bring on the sidelines for almost 
a year, as a repfaceanenL 

Connors has 
to fight for 
his victory 

Busy weekend with county games 

hie Virtnrv The second batch of women’s 

county championship matches 

will be played this we ekend . At 

Hong Kong (AFP) — Jitmoy gisham Abbey tomorrow there 
Connors, the lop seed, reached are three smith matchesflOam 

TEAK Banco; Swot. Safa, Boww^, 

ok, Canitoto, Ctia/np, Gonocm. 
LniaiK. GHiMt, Mreca, CtaOowskL 

the quarter-finals of fee Hong stari) 

Kong grand prix t e nnis tour- Oxfordshire and Sussex, both 

□ament here on Thursday, tat losers last week, again face 
he needed three sets to beat his formidable opponents in 


feDow American, Bud Schultz, Middlesex and Sumy respec- 
6-4, 6-7, 6-1. lively. (Middlesex won fee na- 

It was also a tough day for the tinnal county championship 

* ;:.V" 

, f*v_« 

**- '?■’ ■ . 

f# ** • • f” . M.i S * ‘ 

,j.-; s«- 

r nzSZ; HZ 1 ***- .. *v. ‘ \v.- 



• The Importance of 

Hunting to the Fox. by 
Tony Jackson , 

• Buying a Hunter, by j 

Daphne.lbulson I 

• Whither Foxhound ’ 
Breeding? by r / 

Neil Ewart m SSL 


other leading seeded 
Second-ranked Andres 

nonal county championship 
1984 and 1986), while Berkshire 
may find Hampshire very dif- 

• First Aid tot Hunters, 
by Coiin Vogel 
• Foxforcfs Diary 
1 Jim Bennett, 34 years 
^ a huntsman, 
m- by Jane Fuller 

of Ecuador, ami third-seeded fe re n t from Sussex whom they 
Aaron Kridcstein, of the United beat 3-0. TTiat match is at one 

States, were both taken 10 three o'clock with three more matches 


sets, whfle fee fbunh-ranked 
American David Fate c ras he d 

out - . . ^ 

Gomez had a struggle before 

ousting fee hard-hitting Gary 
Donnelly, of the United States, 
7-6, 4-6, 6-3. Krickstrin, losing 

i Sunday 

tire pl: 

when Buckingham- 

! shire play in place of 

Tbe northern counties join in 
tomorrow when all 10 teams 
will be action. 

Cheshire, last year's . north 

By Joyce Whitehead 

national m nn tiw riwm pimwdw p 

six times between 1970 and 
1979, look poised for a come 

Captained by Margaret 
Souyave (a former England 
captain) they have a promising 
line-up with seven of fee team 
from Hlghtown. But their oppo- 
nents, Lancashire Central 
League, will not go down easily. 

The eight Easton counties all 
play Sunday. Tbe last nwtrh t 
Essex y Kent 21 1430, should be 
very dose. 

Kent now have Kathy Tilbury 
from the West and right pbyeis 
from Orpington wife a new 
coach Pat Morecroft, but Essex, 
with Sandy Lister and Lynn 

could get their game together. 

. All Midland counties, played 
last weekend and on Sunday 
play agiin at three different 

Warwickshire win be hoping 
for another win this time over 
Nomnghamsbire and Stafford- 
shire against Derbyshire at 
Shropshire could regain their 
confidence if their injured play- 
ers are fit. The West come into 
the picture with matches at 
Hereford racecourse, Exmoofe, 
Yale tind East Gloucester Gob, 

• NEW JERSEY: Christy Mor- 
gan scored the only United 
States goal six minutes into tbe 
match on a penalty comer shot 

required when the national 
championships commence at 
Redwrood Lodge on Friday, 
November 21. They wifl appear 
among tbe 32 men remaining in 
the second round at tbe country 
chib hotel on Saturday and are 
expected to progress to later 
rounds on the all-transp a rent 
Perspex court mounted at 
Brunei's Great Western ter- 
minus at Temple Meads station. 

No such dispensation is re- 
quired for the women. Martine 
Le Moignan, tbe top seed, wifl 
meet Claire Candy, of Sussex in 
the first round and Lisa Opie, 

Williams marches on 

Toronto (Renter) — Britain’s 
GeoffWflliams upset tbe eighth- 
seeded Glen Brumby, of New 
Zealand, ft-5, 941, 9-7 to reach 
the quarter-finals of the £30^00 
Toronto International squash 
tournament. .. . 

now play Stuart Davenport, of 
New Zealand, the third seed. 

Davenport advanced wife a 9- 
5, 9-2, 9-3 win over Umar Hayat 
Khan, of Pakistan, while the 
toiKeeded Jahangir Khan, of 
Pakistan, the defending cham- 

In the other upset of the pion, breezed to his second 

Bollington. should never be » the.Ameqcan yam, tietoed 


finalin last year to Gomez, had winners, should start off wife a 
another gnieffing tiuee-sener good win against Westmorland 

before beating his compatno 1 
Marcel Fre em a n , 6-2, 5-7, 6-3- 

who have a less experienced 
: team. Lancashire, who won fee 

tinder estimated. 

Suffolk may be the dark 
hones. They started badly loos- 
ing 0-3 10 BuckHighamritire. 
Warwick and Avon in friend- 
lies, but that is not characteristic 
and against Hertfordshire they 

Argentina 14) in the USA Field 
Hockey Classic on Wednesday 
In fee day’s other match, 
Wendy Fraser scored afield goal 

three minutes into fee second 

half as -Great Britain defeated 
Korea 1-0. ■ . 

evening, Jamie Hickox, the con 
unsettled C anadian, scored his ton. 
second consecutive surprise vk> Chr 
tory when be knocked out fee Ii 
seventh-seeded Kelvin Smith, mat 
of Australia. lia), 

Hickox, 22. who upset Fred- 
erick Johnsson, of Sweden, in 
the first round, defeated Smith 
9-4, 9-4, 2-9. 9-3 to advance to 
tbe quarter-finals, where he win 9-4. 

consecutive straight-games vic- 
tory witha 9-5. 9-3, 9-0 win over 
Chris Robertson, of Australia. 

In other second-round 
matches. Ross Thome (Austra- 
lia), the fourth seed, defeated 


... \ i. . 



The rat who has joined a thinking ship 


From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

Only the British would have the 
nerve to tiy it None of the other 
America’s Cup syndicates woald dare 
send a rat up the mast of their J 2-me- 
tre yacht to solve a problem. Rigging 

But the 
better idea. 


workshop mascot, a 

pet rat called Crebs, was nominated 
for f 

the enormous masts on the America's 
Cup boats presents iwaintffmniy 
crews with a problem which has never 
been adequately solved, despite the 
milHous of dollars spent on these 

cam pa ign^ , 

It involves sending a piece of 
nylon, appropriately named 
mousefine, up the inside of the mast 
and using it to haul through the rest of 
the halyards, hydraulics, electronics 
and what have you. Most syndicates 
resort to stuffing die mouseUne 

The rat-race that is the America's Cap; Crabs about to ran a 

tine up the 

the task. The mouseline was tied 
to his tail and he was sent up the mast 
in search of light at the end of White 
Crusader’s 28-metre tnnneL 

Grebs’s owner, Stan Rae, the team's 
electrical technician, describes how 
the attempted technological break- 
through flopped. “He went hallway 
up and disc o vered it was nice and 
warm there and curled up and went to 
sleep,” he said. “We tried to hue him 
out with a length of wood with pieces 
of cheese on it but in die end we had 
to flush him out with water. He 
wasn't very keen on that. We have 
written that experiment off as a bit of 
a failure.” 

Rae, a former zoo keeper, has 

comrthmg of a passion for animals. 
When he arrived here last March he 
went straight to the local pet shop to 
see what was available. 

“I always have some sort cfbeast," 
he said. *It was either die rax or a 
cockatoo but I thought a cockatoo 
would be too noisy.” So he parted 
with AusSS and the workshop bad a 
new t e n ant named after the technical 
director. Phil Crebbin. 

Rae insists that the name is “a term 
of endearment’ to his boss. Still, it 
could have been worse. The Eng li s h 
team could have been dialing then- 
compound with a boa constrictor or 
tarantula, both of which the intrepid 
Rae has kept as pets in England. 

He started working at Exmouth 
Zoo in Devon when he was 13 and, 
when the head zoo keeper’s job 

• * ~-y 

Royal Marines, z. a*A to 


Fortunes vary for the cup 9 s 
fourth division survivors 

Since financial gain, rather 
than occasional glory, must be 
the chief objective of the impov- 
erished, there can be little doubt 
that Cambridge United, in 
drawing Tottenham Hotspur at 
home, will prosper a whole lot 
more than their poor fourth 
division relations Cardiff City, 
away to Shrewsbury Town, in 
yesterday’s Iittiewoods Cup 
fourth round draw. 

Fare has been both cane! and 
kind to the compet i tion's 
remaining two tiddlers. If Cam- 
bridge have bitten off more than 
they can chew, at least they will 
be choking on a capacity 12,000 
gate at Abbey Stadium. Licking 
his tipi, Chris Tuner, the 
Cambridge manager, remarked? 
“It's a lovely, lovely draw. 
Obviously we are gang to make 
a lot of money, and if we coukl 
win or draw it would be 

Having removed Wimbledon 
and Ipswich Town, the former 
EUFA Cup winners, in the two 
previous rounds, Cambridge are 
entitled to dream. It coukl be 
that their chances of progress are 
also a sight better than those of 
Cardiff who could hardly have 
received a less attractive reward 
for their spirited defeat of 
Chelsea on Tuesday. This is not 
meant as any disrepect to 
Shrewsbury, simply thatthey 
and Cardiff are frequently 

By CEre White 

drawn together in the Welsh 


m Jones, their managing 
director, searching bard for a 
silver lining, said: “We have 
already beaten Plymouth, an- 
other second division dub, 
home and away in an earlier 
round so this gives us something 
to go for. Actually, our away 
record is better than our home 

Bradford City, the only other 
side outside the first envision 
who are definitely through, 
would not swop the probability 

The draw pits together two of 
the most successful sides in the 
country this season and also two 
of the most successful sides of 
late: Norwich City and Everton, 
second and third respectively in 
the Leagnc, meet at Cairow 
Road, and Arsenal and Charlton 
Athletic, both on winning inns 
of six games, come together at 

Highbury. Someone wifi have to 
give, though, before the Hij 
bury date since the pair s 
each other in a League meeting 
to morrow at Seflmrst ftA 

Fourth round 

Arsenal v Chariton 
Bradford City v Crystal Palace or 
rnmnanma room 
Manchester United or Sa u t ha m p - 
ton v Derby ar Aston Wa 
Norwich v Everton 
Cambridge United v Tottenham 
West ham v Oxford Unted 
Coventry v Liverpool 
Shrewsbury v Cardiff. 

Ties to be played week begm- 
ning November 17. 

West Ham United, who look 
rood value at 8-1 with one 
leading bookmaker, are hosts to 
Oxford United, the Milk Cup 
holders, while Coventry Gty 
free the most searching exam- 
ination of their 
success at home to four-time 
League Cup winners Liverpool. 
It was Coventry’s 3-0 defeat at 
Anfidd last April that 
hated the resignation of Don 
Mackay as manager. Since 
George Curtis, the manag 
director, also took charge « 
team affairs Coventry have won 

ofa home game against Notting- 
ham Forest, the League leaders, 
even if their away form is also 
better than that at Odsal Sta- 
dium, their home from home. 
First Forest must dispose of 
Bradford's second division ri- 
vals, Crystal Palace in a replay. 

10 of their 18 League and cup 
just lour. 

games, losing just : 

Ken Brown, the manager of 
the 1985 winners Norwich, 
spoke with the confidence befit- 
ting his side's extraordinary 
success at the prospect of play- 
ing those other Merseysmers. 

Crisis deepens 
at Halifax 

Halifax Town, the fourth 
division dub with debts of more 
than £300,000 have called meet- 
ings of shareholders and cred- 
itors on November 12 which 
will decide their future. 

After a two-hour braid meet- 
ing today at the Shay ground, in 
which Halifax's financial advi- 
sors were present, chairman 
John Maddey said that the 
position was extremely serious. 
If the club could not find a 
banker or a consortium wining 
to take over before the meetings 
there would be no alternative to 

' Madeley confirmed that the 
home games against Cardiff City 
tomorrow night, and Exeter Gty 
next Tuesday would go ahead, 
and that staff wages would be 
found this week. But be coukl 
not go beyond that. 

Halifax are the worst sup- 
ported club in the football 

league with an average atten- 
dance of 1,072. 

Mr Madeley explained that 
his own company could not 
taif<» over the dub, and that the 
situation was such that they had 
to look to someone to come 
forward if they were to survive. 

Halifax's major creditors in- 
dude the Inland Revenue to 
whom they owe £76,000. 

Maddey added: “I am appeal- 
ing for all soccer lovers to give 
ns their help by coming to the 

Some new 
for Bond 

John Bond, the Birmingham 
City manager, has responded to 
Wednesday night's 5-0 
IJttiewoods Cup defeat at 
Tottenham by taking Steve 
Lynex, of Leicester Gty and 
Marlin Russell, the Manchester 
United reserve midfield player, 
on loan. 

Holden for Wigan 

Wigan Athletic have signed 
Chester’s Welsh international 
defender Andy Holden, aged 24, 
in a £40,000 deal. Holden, a 
Wigan target for several weeks, 
will make his debut against 
Carlisle United tomorrow. 

Bond, who described his team 
as playing life “frightened 
rabbits” at White Hart Lane, 
said yesterday: ”We needed a bit 
of new blood. We needed a lot 
but we can only have a little so 
that will have to do. 

“I think from everbody's 
point of view after last night it 
was dear that we needed to do 
something. We needed, from the 
chairman's point of view, and 
from mine, in terms of giving 
mysdf a dunce with the team." 

Following Airfield formula 

Non-League football by Paul Newman 

AJan POok, the manager of 
South wide, set his Vauxhall- 
Opel League first division play- 
ers the highest possible 

“We model ourselves on 

1 i — " ha hU 

Liverpool,” he said 

“Wc believe in the 

philosophy of a team without 
stars in which every player has 
to do his share of the work. I 
follow Bill Shankly’s saying that 
good players don't make good 
teams, but that good learns 
make good players.” 

The level of football may be 
lower but South wick: have cer- 
tainly shown Liverpool-like 
qualities of resilience and 
character in the last week. 

On Saturday, the Sussex side 
appeared to have lost their 
t — the first 

chance of 

round proper of the FA Cup fin* 
only the second time in their 
104-year history when they con- 
ceded a goal nine minutes from 
time to draw 1-1 at home to 
Maidstone United, the GM 
Vauxhall Conference leaders, in 
the fourth qualifying round. 

In W 

’s replay, how- 

took the lead 

after 24 minutes and fought a 
determined rearguard action for 
the rest of the game. Cbeal, then- 
goalkeeper, saved a penalty after 
85 before conceding an 

equalizer in the fifth minute of 
iqjory time. Extra time foiled to 

meet for a second replay at 
Maidstone on Monday to decide 
who will play away to Welling 
United in the first round. 

Bin WHfiams; the Maidstone 
r, said: “Southwick de- 
very well and their 
was the man of the 
match but I couldn’t believe we 
didn't win. We had 32 diets to 
their three and 19 comers to 
their two.” 

Pook, who ended the night 
with his players in a Brighton 
restaurant at 3.30 yesterday 
morning, is not surprised by his 
team's achievement- They have 
noi lost away from home for 
nearly a year and have gone 
from strength to strength since 
his appointment four seasons 
ago, progressing from the Sussex 
County League to the Vauxhall- 
Opel first division via the 
Combined Counties League. 

“f have always had every 
confidence that whoever we 
played we could live with be- 
cause we are weO organized, 
tactically sound and have great 
character," be said. “We like to 
play good football and to go 
forward but the strength of the 
team is the defence and we can 
be very resilient when we have 
to be. I’ve always signed players 
more concerned with playing 
and winning tha n with money 
and I think that shows. 

“We have matched Maid- 
stone over the two games. 

We've been stretched to contain 
them at times but that's how it 
should be bearing in mind our 
relative position.” 

Pook, who works in his 
family’s decorating business, re- 
ceives no pay from Southwick, 
who have put their players 
under contract for the first time 

this season but pay only 

't take anything 

penses. “I shan’ 1 
until the club can pay the 
what they deserve," he 

Southwick are ambitious to 
p ro gress into the GM Vauxhall 
Conference and even into the 
Football League- They lease 
their 3,500-capacity ground, six 
miles from the centre of Brigh- 
ton, from the local council and 
have plans to rebuild their 
present 300-seal stand. Atten- 
dances. which were around 50 
when Pook arrived, now av- 
more than 300. 

fourth qualifying 

round replay on Wednesday a 
crowd of mo 

more than 2^00 saw 
Enfield win 1-0 away to Bury 
Town, of the Building Scene 
Eastern League. Paul 
playing his first game for the 
Conference champions after a 
six-week suspension, hit the 
w inning goal midway through 
the second halt 
Dover Athletic drew a crowd 
of 1,025, their highest for four 
years, when they lost 3-2 at 
home to Slough Town, also in a 
fourth qualifying round replay. 



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on way 
to being 
an angel 

From Richard Evans, Paris 

There is a minor love affair 
going on between John 
McEnroe and Paris. It has not 
yet blossomed to a point where 
Juliette Greco would feel moved 
to sing about it nor is there any 
guarantee of how long it will 
last. But there was no doubting 
where the sympathies ofa large 
afternoon crowd lay as McEnroe 
struggled through a second 
round match here at the Paris 
Open against Ronald Agenor, a 
Haitian, who now lives in 

McEnroe, who eventually 
won 7-6, 6-3 has expressed his 
gratimde for the way he is being 
received twice in successive 
press conferences. 

“It is a good feeling to have 
people on your side," he said. 
“It doesn't happen very often." 

Memories are long m French 
fmnic anH iiik appreciation for 
a player who is considered 
largely unloveable in so many 
other countries probably began 
during the 1 982 Davis Cup final 
in Grenoble when McEnroe 
revealed his strong streak of 
professionalism by playing a 
very serious dead robber against 
Henri Leconte after Gene Mayer 
hud treated the previous nwtrih 

The stadium was packed on 
that particular Sunday even 
though the United States were 
feadmg 3-0 and the crowd, 
having booed Mayer off court, 
responded to McEnroe’s bril- 
liant display with true Gallic 

Equally, they have been 
responsive to his desperate and 
so for unsuccessful attempts to 
come to terms with the slow day 
at Slade Roland Garros in the 
French Open. 

Against Agenor, McEnroe was 
made to fight as hard as he had 
been the previous 
n gajn ^t the much imj 


Snape resigns 
as executive 

By Mitchell Platts 

Like a boonoaag, McEnroe's racket floats past him 

Todd Nelson, of America. 

Agenor did everything right in 
the Brat set right np to the start 
of the tie break. Then, typically, 
McEnroe exerted a little pres- 
sure at the net on the first couple 
of points and produced two 

s tniming hwAhanil wltiyL 
For the first time in the match 
the gulf in dass was evident and 
McEnroe eventually reeled off 
seven consecutive points to give 
himself a safety cushion 
There were only a couple of 
er up tio n s over line calls, both 
minor by McEnroe standards. 
Judging by the purple shirt he 
has been w earing here at the 
Omnisport Palais, one might 

have thought McEnroe is trying 
to treat toe game’s codes and 
etiquette with greater reverence. 

Although there is a long way 
to go before the collar gets 
turned back to front, McEnroe is 
ma k in g some pro g ress. He hs 
always been more impressive in 
the confessional of a press 
conference than out there in the 
heat ofbattle but, encouraged by 
a public that seems to under- 
stand the rage within. Who 
knows what Bud of ho 
might become. 

RESULTSt Second roandb H Laconia 
WP Cano 007-5, 6-4; 5-J McEnroe (USlbi 
R Agenor ?**) 7-6, M PWntasHHr 

S—* K P McNamew. AusMa, W, 7-« 



Rest for top three lets 
reserves press claims 

By Richard Eateo 

Although China made sure of 
winning the three-match series 
when they won the second 
encounter 4-1 at Oldham late on 
Wednesday night, England’s 
new manager Paul Whetnafi 
travelled to the third and final 
contest at Darlington yesterday 
in good heart. 

WhetnaD on Wednesday de- 
cided to keep the best possible 
relations with three of his 
leading players, Martin Dew, 
Dipak Tailor and Gillian Gow- 
ers, unexpectedly resting them 
so that they should travel to next 
week’s World Cup in Indonesia 
in a decent state. 

Relations between the players 
and management have some- 
times been trouble-torn in the 
last 12 months: currently they 
are much better. 

It virtually made certain, 
however, that England would be 
unable to repeat any of the 
heart-stopping moments at 
Portsmouth on Tuesday when 
Dew and Tailor had two match 


points to^give England a gnat 

win and foiled by the width of a 
feather. Bat it gave an opportu- 
nity to search for ability among 
the less exper ie nced players, and 
rhft but* fl i | ^ ii;p i^ Richard 

Outterside and Mike 
certainly showed soma 
Thesetwo overcame Jin Chen 
and Li Jian, conquerors of Dew 
and Tailor at Portsmouth, by 
the remarkable score of 15-3, 15- 
6, albeit in a dead match. 
Wbetnall was delighted with 
that and also pleased with the 
performance of last year’s na- 
tional champion Fiona Elliott, 
who somehow managed a better 
score than Helen Troke, the 
European and Commonwealth 
champion, had the night before 
against the wondergtnYao Fen. 

Elliott was only beaten 11-4, 
12-9, but once again there was 
no mistaking the pace and 
unexpected strength 
Yao’s win in the British 
Airways Masters at the Royal 
Albert Hall on Sunday Is sorely 
only the start of a long list of 
major titles for this impish 19- 

RESULTS (England names fiisft Miss G 
dark (Kani) and Mss S Habte (Lan- 
cashro) taat to Mss Van Fan and Mss Lsi 

Catauta, 10-15, 16-18; G earn (Bead 

tostto Liu QHxh. 9-15. B-15; Mas £ 


rally to 
new series 

London (AF) — Baseball's 
first big pitot on British tefe- 
vzszan was a surprising hit; 
according to early ratings an- 
nounced yesterd a y 
the success of the sreeUy Ameri- 
can football series, now in their 
fourth year, Gmnnri 4 have 
bunched seven baseball pro- 
grammes covering the World 
Series and the preceding 

Prodncen said ratings for the 
first three programmes in- 
dicated that baseball could be- 
come as popular in 
gridiron football, which had 
become a popular sport in a 
country where supp o rt e rs were 
traditionally raised on football 
and cricket-The first two pro- 

gramnres were watched by 

EUottjSurrarikrt to Mu Yao Pml 4-11, 

9-12: R OutnraidBlEsMM) and M Brawn 
(YorioNre) bt Jta own and LI JUn, 15-8. 

1 15-6: A Goode (Hurts) and ftauBBoB tost 


15. 5-15. Ftad Score: England £oEb *. 


Championships at stake 

The world champion, Rich- 
ard Fox, will take on the British 
en champion, Russ Smith, in 
^ Llangollen international sla- 
lom championships at the week- 
end. Another world champion 
in action is, David Hearn, of the 
United States, who will be 
seeking revenge over Bob 
Doman. of Britain, wbo beat 
him in a fanarfian dass event 

Liz Sl ia r ma n, Britain’s euro- 
pean and former world women’s 
individual kayak champion, re- 
news competition with tire for- 
mer world and' European 
champion, Marie Francois of 
France. Canoeists from eight 
countries will take part in the 
two-day event, which also co- 
hosts the English inier-ngponal 

750,000 and 600,000 . . 
respectively, before the audi- 
ence shot up to 1.5 million 
viewers for the third show, 
producers said. 

“When you think that Chan- 
nd 4's horse-racing 
attract an average 7UU,UUU view- 
ers, 1-5 million is absolutely 
staggering,*’ said Derek Bran- 
don, the executive producer of j 
Cheerleader Produc tions, the 
company that produced the 

han H w lI dint Him ate handles 
the weekly broadcasts of NFL' 
highlights.**!! took American 
football two years to reach that 
kind of figure,” he said. “It’s 
taken baseball a few weeks.” 

The seventh game of the 
World Series, won by the New 
York Mets, drew a television 
audience estimated at 34 mil- 
iion homes in the United 

malring if lh*» 

baseball game in hist 
once before, on New Year’s Day 
tins year, has jKOfesskmal base- 
ball from the united States been 
aired on British trievirioii. 



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0 0 

0 0 

1 0 . . _ _ . 

Naxt match: Nov t& tafy v Sirtariend 
Group Six table 

P W 
1 1 
1 1 
1 0 
3 0 

(set score after eOrntn Z-1 


2 . Bulgaria ft 

West Germany 1. 


Pint numb Woodford ft Chemsfardl; 

Leicester United ft VS Rugby 5; Sultan 


ft Bedwonh ftyitaffiiAoraunh 2. Ktaga 

rim 1; Dunstable 3/Cambddoe Cto l; 
Tanbridoe 1, Crawley ft aieMied 
Charterhouse 1. Grantham 1; DunstaUe 3. 
CembrtcfgaCHyli Tonbrltfge I.Crawleyft 
csnwu. LEAGUE: FM ftiiHlMT 


mier dMetac Sfdetard i. Settsah fti 
Meug ot&aeai ft chtapenh ro ft UM igaa 


LEAGUE: Boanemoulh Z. Shrawstwyl: 

Torquay 0, Hereford 3. Postponed: CerdBf 
vExatar Swansea v Plymouth. 


Bury Town ft 

Trmtorldse V. MaUetana 1. So uthwi ck • 


TOUR MATCH: PontypoM 22, Better. 
tons 2ft 




on Vale ft Wigan ft Scunthorpe 1, 


' Tty t (att score attar Mmta o- 

on iTOiortw 1, (aft 
90mm 1-1; WOddngtan won ■ 


Cheshire ft Cumbria ft Duhm 4ft 

Northumberland 1ft Sussex 1ft Hamp- 

sMra 13: YdrtahirB4ft Ltraawa 7. 

. score 

4ft on 




A Ptl 
0 2 
0 2 
1 1 
5 1 


vision north: Chesham ft Bslon 1. 
Second (Melon aouttc htarahain 1, 

Petersfiold ft Motasey ft Eaettoume 



raao* FUtep Manor 3, 

CLUB MATCHEft Pontypridd ft Bri(k»nc} 


9; Bristol 67. ChebBnham ft 

ft Swartaoa 1 ft One! 36, 




TOUR HATCH: Hrffaoc ft Austntes 98. I 



Colin Snape yesteriay re- 
argued as Executive Director of 
the Frofessisal Golfers’ Associ- 
ation less than one week after it 
was rumoured that his 14-year- 
old reign was about to come to 
as abrupt end. 

Suape, who has also resfeaed 
as Ex ecutiv e Director of the 
Women’s PGA, said: "I have 
eqjoyed sharing in the PGA’s 
many achievements, but I fed 
tins is t he rigta to ne to pursue 
new opportunities’.* 

The announcement of 
Snapefr resignation was made 
following a meeting of the 
PGA’s board of dire ctors at their 
Apollo House headquarters at 
The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield. 

Derek Nash, chairman of the 
board, said: “Colin Snape 
played a leading ntie within the 
PGA, taking the association into 
a new era from the days of a 
awaii backroom staff at the 
Kenmngton Oval to the na- 
tional headquarters at The Bd- 
ffy, the establishment of 
regional offices and assets of £1 

Even so, it was apparently 
rrwnmnn knowledge behind the 
scenes that Snape, who is under- 
stood to have received a salary 
in the region of £50,000 for his 
two roles, was causing increas- 
ing concern through the 

flnmmerrtaliaatim nftte PfiA 

There was spec ula tion last 
week that Snape was on the 
point of being ousted, though 
tins was apparently denied at 
the time by the former Ryder 
Cup player, Peter Alliss, who is a 
member of the PGA’s board of 

Alliss was unavailable for 
comment following the 
announcement yesterday as he 
immediatdy fen for the United 
States, white the other members 
of the Board, Captain Charles 
Hughes, KettbHodreand How- 
ard Bennett, were refusing to 

comment. Colin Snapcwus 
understood to bo on holiday in 
Yorkshire and he. too, was 
unavailable for comment at a 
Harrogate hotel. . 

But, Beverly Lews, chairman 
of the Women’s PGA, said: 
“Cohn Snape did a very good 
job for us. He played a signifi- 
cant part in the development ot 
ourassocaition- 1 would say that 
we now have a voy sound 
product to sdl in the future. 

Snape, the former honorary 

' fawa^hiig , and a Liver- 
pool University graduate in 
wirnmwn ;, hunted the PGA into 
itu» iMmdiwmi of the modon 
golfing world after securing the 
reins of s e cret a ry in June 1973. 

His appointment, fo Bowing 
the death of- Major John 
Bywaters, was a break in tra- 
dnion in the first place as service 
offices had been appointed in 
the past ynrth as Commander 
r harks Roe, then Colonel 
Harry Reed. 

Snape achieved most of his 
amuc as the PGA moved its 
headquarters from the back of 
the Surrey Cricket Club’s 
ground at Kensington Oval to 
toe modem offices at The 
Bdfry. and he took the assets 
from £40,000 to £1 million. He 
also stepped in when the WFGA 
was on toe verge of bankruptcy 
four years ago and Europe's top 
women goffers played for 
£75tyOQO this season. 

But in the process it was 
claimed he raffled a few feathers 
and «ha* gradually the concern 
in crea s ed for what is essentially 
a members' organization. There 
were almost certainly warnings 
for Snape as the committee, line 
any other, were eag er that one 
man did not become bigger than 
tike association; and the arrival 
.of Allis might, in time, be seen 
as a turning point in the PGA’s 

tlimlriii| . 


S Africa 

Reno, Nevada, (Reuter)— A 

proposal to expel Sonth Africa 
from tiie Wand i 

Boxing Asso- 
ciation (WBA) is gaining mo- 
mentum, the c^ganization’s 
legal counsel said yestenf 
Jimmy Binns said support 
South Africa's continued 
membership had eroded at the 
WBA assembly, which has 
been holding its annual meet- 
ing in Reno this week. A vole 
is expected today . 

It has changed 180 degrees. 
I hope to hit the peak of 
momentum tomorrow," 
B inns, c ha i rm an of the P Iwmw 
sylvania Athletic Commission 

and a supporter of severing 
South Africa over 

ties with 
apartheid, said. 

A unanimous vote is needed 
t the more than SO voting 
ilegates for the expulsion ofa 
WBA member and there has 
been talk by scone delegates at 
the meeting of adopting a 
measure that would take a 
stand against apartheid with- 
out severing Iks with South 

But US promoter; Botc h 
Lewis, who has been a driving 
force in the move to oust 
South Africa from the WBA, 
has been lobbying hard fear the 
expulsion of 
South Africa. Binns said to- 
ners opposing South African 
from US con- 
gressmen use Senator Edward 
Kexmedy and Mickey Leland, 
chairman of the Black Omens, 

had also contributed to the 
change in momentum an the 

Tim Kefeher, the one US 
delegate who had pubfidy 
su pp o rted South Africa's con- 
tinued rawnh arsiri p Kac 


replaced cm the WBA execu- 
tive committee and will not 
vote tomorrow, Hums said. 

Kdeher was tile regional 
vice-president for North 
America but lost a bid for 
reelection in a caucus yester- 
day. Bums ac kno w ledged that 
Kdeher’s stand on South Afri- 
ca was a factor in his defeat 
“The United Stales is unan- 
imous there will be suspen- 
sion. We wanted to have a 
united position,” Bums said 
The seven-member South 

South African Supreme Court 
Judge H.W.O. Ktopper, was 
reluctant to speak publicly 
about its _ efforts to retain 
membership- . 

“This is veiy very sensitive 
att)ri5 stage,” KtappersaicL It 
tfamt think if® right for me to 
mate any commons.” .• 


Leng caps 
fine year 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Virginia Leng, the world 
three-day event champion, has 
won, for the second year in 
succession, the Tony Golfings 
Memorial Trophy for the rider 
gaining the most points during 
the 1986 horse trial season. 

The award, presented to Mrs 
Leng at the horse trials annual 
grou p co n ference yesterday , 
comes after an exceptional year 
for the 32-yeBPH0ld cider, who 
won four m»or three-day 
events on three different hones. 

The first and finest win came 
in May at the world champion- 
ships m .Australia on her top 
hona^ Priceless, who was retired 
last month. Them came Le 
Tooquet, in France, which she 
woo on Murphy Hunseff the 
horse on which she also won toe 
event in 

.Later - that month, she won ih,- 

Ponoi championships on Night 
Cbr toe winner ofthe Calcutta 
fight horse trophy for the horse 
gaming the most points during 
the season. Mrs Law received 
the last-named trophy on behalf 
of tog wira, British National 

fago fer pf Ftt by FtarSag; 

Trophy for tte 


compteted an outstanding^^ 



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He has since become a foil-time 
employee of the PELSSt 

kiigft He says Eremantte xs bectmjmg 

more and more like Newport 
day: “You blink and there s anotner 
bonding there.” 

Asfor his habit ofacqiuri^gagg 

animals , hewas, in ti* b^ggS™ 

tradition, quite unr epentant: Yon ve . • 
got to be a little bit eccentric. It^s no 
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Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

All our yesterdays: telling it just like it was 

• You have got to hand it to 
Granada Television: of all ITV 
companies, it is oa its own when it 
comes to microscopically exact 
evocations of the non-ux>di slant 
pasL ] don't mean just the the 
props and the cos tum es and the 
buildings. Anyone with a lot of 
cash and the right reference books 
can get those things right What I 
am talking about is what I can 
only call the “colour** ageing of the 
pictures, and the uncanny way in 
which the actors manage to sug- 
gest that they are genuine period 
characters who, decades later, 
nave somehow been unfrozen 
from their blocks of preserving ice 
and restored to life: Think back, 
«* r example, to Brideshead Revis- 
Country Matters, and Sher- 
lock Holmes, and you will see 
what I mean. It happens yet again 

6-00 Ceefax AM. News headlines, 
weather, travel and sports 

6 -50 Breakfast Time. Weather at 
6-55, 7.25, 7.55, 8L2S and &S5; 
regional news, weather and 
traffic at 6J57, 7.27, 7S7 and 
527; national and international 
news at 7.00, 720,500.820 
and 9.00. 

9.05 Brighton or Bust. A 40 Minutes 
programme following the 
fortunes of three veteran cars 
as they prepare for the RAC 
Rally to Brighton from Hyde 
Park - a Darracq; a 1904 
Panhard; and an 1899 Daimler, 
(r) 9.45 Advice Line. A new 
series in which Paul Clark and 
Eileen Evason answer social 
security problems. 1020 
Neighbours. A repeat of 
yesterday's episode of the 


in Lost Empires (TTV, 9.00pm), 
Ian Curteis's dramatization of J B 
Priestley’s novel about the for- 
tunes of a touting music hall 
company on the eve of the Hist 
World War. It helps, of course, 
that Curteis’s reworking of Priest- 
ley has given the actors some fine; 
mood-capturing lines to speak (“I 
was a sour vat of anger, bitterness 
and stupidity”, says the narrator, 
looking back), and that Derek 
Hilton has come up with a musical 
score that respects both the gusto 
and the se ntim entality of the 
matchless music hall songs of the 
Edwardian era. 

• The Dilemma of a She-Novefist 
(BBC2, 7.00) is a Bookmark 
special about Fay Weldon. It is 

Jones with another round of 
the teachers versus pupils quiz 
game 420 C h egaetaPtoy 
Pop. Kefth Chegwin introduces 
pop music, games and 

520 John Craven’s Nawsround 
5.05 Grange HW. Episode 
eight (r) (Ceefax) 

525 i te atarteam presented by 

1025 PhEtep Schofield with details of 
children's programmes and 
birthday greetings 1020 Play 
School presented by Stuart 
McGugan with guest, Janet 
• Palmer 1050 Henry's Cat (r) 
1055 Five to Eleven. Dora Bryan’s 
thought for the dey. 1120 . 
Public School. What life fsflke 
for the pupils and staff of 
Radley College in Oxfordshire, 
(r) 1120 Open Air. Viewers 
comment on the week's 
viewfng 1225 Star Memories. 
Michael Parkinson recalls his 
favourite moments 1225 
Regional news and weather. 
1.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 125 Neighbours. 
Australian-made soap set in a 
Melbourne suburb 150 King 
RoHol (r) 155 Gran (r) 

220 The Liver Birds. Polly James 
and Nerys Hughes star In this 
comedy about two girls who 
share a Liverpool flat (r)220 
Knots Landing. The first of a 
new series of the West Coast 
version of Dados, starring Joan 
van Ark and Ted Shackelford. 

- 350 Box Clever. A new family 

quiz game presented by Emlyn 
-Hughes " 

350 Whizz, (r) AID SupefTed. (rt 

- 420 B ea t t h e Teacher. Paul 

620 News wfth Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas Witched. Weather. 

625 London Plus. 

720 Wogan with Lenny Henry and 
the members of Comic Reief, 
Beryl Reid, and Jude T 
Wallace. Music is provided by 
Kate Bush. 

7.40 Bbudcety Blank. On Las 

Dawson's panel this week are 
Gary Davies, WHtiam Gaunt, 
Madhur Jeffrey. Maty 
Parkinson. Mandy Shires, and 
Nicholas Smith. (Ceefax) 

8.10 Dynasty. Blake and Alexis - 
preoccupied with trying to do 
each other down - overtook a 
third party who is planning to 
double-cross the Doth of mem. 

920 News with John Bumphrys and 
Nicholas WttehelL Regional 
news and weather. 

920 Call Me Mister. Jack becomes 
involved in e dubious travel 
agency and a particularly 
noisome racket when he gives 
a Bft to a young frightened 
lrnfian he met at Heathrow. 
(Ceefax) . 

1025 Onnt&us. Ray Charles, in a 
rare interview, taiks to Charfie 

1125 Film; Hallo w een III - Season of 
the Witch (1983) starring Tom 
Atkins. Stacey Neflun and Dan 
O'Herftry. Shortly before 
Hallowe'en a frightened man is 
acbmtted to a Californian - 
hospital, clutching a chfld's 
Hallowe'en mask. When he is 
murdered his daughter and a 
sympathetic doctor investigate 
the cause of hfs tear- and nis 
death. Directed ty Tammy Loe- 
WaBace. (Ceefax) 

1.10 Weather. 

manna from Heaven for any 
viewer whose imagination was 
sent into a flat spin by the BBCTV 
serialization of Weldon's novel 
The Life and Loves of a She-Devil 
which reached its eyebrow-raising 
climax on Wednesday night. Fay* 
Weldon, who ought to know 
because she wrote the book, 
implies that the real clue to 
understanding the odd behaviour 
of the discarded wife lies in female 
pain and masochism *- two qual- 
ities which, she says, are 
inexplicable unless we can be 
made 10 believe that women, as a 
sex, are changing. Moreover, she 
sees her story of the She-devil as a 
study in envy, more than an 
account of jealousy and revenge. It 
is good to have this clear-sighted 
view of a dark tale straight from 
the horse's mouth. And I found 

920 Ceefax. 

920 Daytime on Twoe obtaining a 
degree 952 Thestory of a girt 
who befriends a badger 10.15 
The wildUfe of the rocky isle of 
Cumbrae and of mudflats rmar 
Grangemouth 1028 
- Mathematical Investigations 
) 1120 Woratermaths 11.17 The 

< efforts to defend the coastfines 

of Hampshire and Dorset 1120 
Working drawings. 

1220 New Yorker Journalist John 
Heresy's account of his visit to 
Hiroshima shortly after the 
hydrogen bomb was dropped 
on the city 1222 The 
fascination of motor cars 1.05 
Learning Engtish from popular 
television programmes 123 
Songs of protest 220 For tour- 
and five-year olds. 

2.15 Mddiasbrough- Hard Times 
1966. How the unemployed of 
the County of Cleveland try to 
survive when there is no hope 

myself nodding in agreement to 
hear Fay Weldon admit that her 
literary talent lies in inventing 
women and describing men. 

• Best of the rest tonight: There is 
a second chance to see Alan 
Bennett’s remarkable play about 
Franz Kafka, The Insurance Man 
(BBC2, 9.00pm) which deserved - 
and got — the Royal Television 
Society's award for the best new 
play of 1985~. I managed to see 
only the closing moments of the 
Omnibus profile of the composer- 
singer Ray Charles (BBC1, 
10.25pm), but seeing what he did 
with the song Yesterday at his 
Royal Festival Hall concert earlier 
this year, made me kick myself for 
having missed the rest of the John 
Needham’s documentary. 

Peter Davalle 

£4 :•** i ( 


-i i-2 

•‘iv- - Vv: 

' ' /j? ■»*****■ 

Fay Weldon, right, with ’She DeriT star Julie T Wallace: on BBC2, at 7.00pm 




320 WBd World. The wfldWeorthe 
Galapagos as seen through 
fee lens of film-maker Henc 
Stebnann. (First shown in 1968) 
355 Regional news and 

420 Favourite Things. Judi Dench 
talks to Roy Plomley about the 
things that make her happy, (r) 
420 Look Stranger. A portrait of 
artist Theodore Major, (r) 

520 Flamenco at 5.15. An award- 
winning documentary short 
about one of the flamenco 
dasses the Robledos gave to 
' the National Ballet School of 

520 Fane Lassie the Voyager 

(1966) starring Macdonald 
Carey. The resourceful canine 
is wonting for the Forestry 
Service. Directed by Jack B. 

720 Fey Weldon. A profile of the 
successful writer who began 
her career in an advertising 
office, (see Choice) 

720 Micro Live. Magazine 

- propamme for the computer 

820 M25; A Ring Around the 
Smoke. How the new 
• motorway around London wH 
change tne way people five. 

820 Gardeners’ Worn. The best 
ways of storing fnit and 
vegetables; mid using the 
. greenhouse in winter. 

920 Screen TWa The Insurance 
Man, by Atari Bennett. Drama, 
told in flashback, that begins in 
Prague, 1945, when the city is 
at the point of being liberated 
by the Russians. Starring 
Trevor Peacock, (r) 

10.15 FHm Buff of the Year. The 
final, presented by Robin Ray. 
The specialist subjects are 

Walter Matthau. 

1050 MewsnighL Peter Snow recals 
the events of 30 years ago - 

the Suez Canal crisis and the 
invasion of Hungary 1125 

11-40 International Tennis. 

Highlights of the second day of 
the Wightman Cup. Ends at 

925 Thames news headlines. 

925 Schools; why teU the truth? 
9.47 How unemployment gave 
a family man an opportunity to 
become involved vi politics 
1029 Maths: paths 1026 
Science: keeping cod 10^48 
The status of women 
worldwide 11.15 A school 
orche s tr a in rehearsal; and 
how some instruments are 
made 1127 How a vtsuaKy 
impaired young man 
communicates 11.44 Why we 
need water and how It gets to 
the taps. 

1220 Flicks, (r) 12.10 Rainbow. 
Learning with puppets and 
guest Lynda Baron. 

1220 Pennywise- Muriel Clark and 
Anne Brand with more money- 
saving ideas. 

120 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames news. 

120 FBm: The Divided Heart* 
(1954) starring Cornell 
Borchers andYvonne Mitchell. 
Drama about a couple with an 
adopted chM of ten. Their 
happiness and that of their son 
is interrupted when a woman 
arrives enkning that the son 
his hers and that she wants 
him back. Directed by Charles 

320 Take the High Road. Mrs 
Mack's puree is stolen. 325 
Thames news headlines 320 
Sons and Daughters. 

420 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 12.10 
4.1 5 The Trap Door. Cartoon 
series.420 Wortdwise. David 
Jensen with another round of 

%fiSg&2SJ° neh ' 

5.00 BeHamy’s Bugle. David 
BeBamy continues his 
conservation series. 5.15 
■ Blockbusters presented by 
1 Bob Hotness. 

525 News with John Suchet 

620 The B (retook Show 

720 Bruce Forsyth’s Ptey Your 
Cants Right Game show. 

720 New Faces of 86. Talent show 
presented by Marti Caine. The 
non-voting judges are Charles 

Catchpots, Cheryl Baker, end 

820 The Two of Us. A new comedy 
series starring Nicholas 
Lyndburst and Janet Dibley as 
an unmarried couple bi the* 
Twenties, fiving together, with 
different outlooks on We. 

9.00 Lost EAttdroa. Part tsMO of the 
dramatization of the 
J.B.Priestley story, (see 

1020 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 

1020 The London Programme. A 
new sertes begins with an 
investigation into a 
phenomenon that is only now 
coming to light - battered 
parents. Followed by LWT 
news headlines. 

1120 Night Heat O'Brien and 
Giambone are assigned to 
protect an Irish terrorist 

1220 Rim: Psychomania (1972) 
starrira George Sanders and 
Beryl Reid. Horror movie about* 
the leader of a Hairs Angels- 
type gang who discovers his 
mother has found the secret of 
immortality. He del iberatiey 
crashes hrs bike, tailing himself 
in the knowledge that, come 
dusk, he can begin areign of 
terror with impunity. Directed 
by Don Sharp. 

125 In Search of the Real Dracufa. 

* A documentary tracing the life 
of Vlad The impalef Dracuia. 

225 Mght Thoughts. 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anneka Rice and 
Mike Morris. News with Geoff 
Meade at 620, 720, 720, 820, 
820 and 920; financial news at 
625; sport at 620 and 7-40; 
exercises at 655; cartoon at 
725; pop music at 755; and 
Jimmy Greaves’s television 
highlights at 825. The guests 
include Mandy Rice Davis, and 
-Hate and Pace. At 925 Tvnmy 
Maltett introduces Wecaday for 


220 GaWery. George MeBy presides 
over another edition of the art 

quiz. Thts week, Magol 

Hambling and Frank Whitford 
are joined by Lindsay 
Anderson and Adrienne Corn. 
The students are Cliff Biakey 
and Stephanie Fawbert from 
Newcastle Poly, (r) 

320 World of Animation. Among 
the offerings is Christopher 
Crumpet's Playmate. 

3.15 Sweetwater Memories. A film 
about the experiences of the 
British servicemen who served 
in the Canal Zone in Egypt 
between 1951 and 1954 and of 
those Egyptians who had been 
shooting at them, (r) 

420 Countdown. Yesterday's 

winner is challenged by Harvey 
Freeman, a Cambridge 
University undergraduate from 

520 Car 54, Where Are You* 
Vintage American comedy 
series about a pair of hopeless 

New York policemen. Starring 
Joe E Ross and Fred G Wynne. 

520 The Tube. A new series of the 
rock show, presented by Jools 
Holland and Paula Yates. The 
first half hour’s guest Qst 
includes Germaine Stewart, 
Nick Kamen and Trouble Funk; 
after 6.00, there is Bob Gektof, 
Spandau BatteL Cerrone, and 
Frankie Goes to Hollywood. 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Peter 
S issons and Nicholas Owen 
includes a report from the 
United States on the mid-term 
election battle. Weather. 

750 Book Choice. Marina Warner 
reviews Piers Brendan's new 
study of the monarchy, Our 
Own Dear Queen. 

820 What the Papers Say. John 
Lloyd, editor of the New 
Statesman, casts a critical eye 
over how the Press has treated 
the week's news. 

8.15 A Week hi Politics. Bias in the 
Media, one of an occasional 
series of Parfiamentary-style 
debates. Among those taking 


10.15-1OJS Outlook Fi 

*: F*ntw»Throotf»th* 

UNpm-M0 TopOsar 


TVS London nope 120 News 1 JO 
-J-JLSg. Mr Ptrtrty ol W mmlnUw 130-3.00 
HflMoom U0-4X0 Country QP CJX> Coftst 
to Com 6.90-7.00 Country wmiOJO Facing 
South iu» Kopfc 12J» Who Dam w» 
room Company, CtowKttwn. 

■ | | 1 1 11 1 rr f-n~ ~il e i fimni 

X00Hotal3a(MJ» Young Doctors 6 j 00 
Qranaoa Reports BJO-7.00 Cuckoo Waftz 
■1030 CaMntlon 11 JO Flm: HUtoWMD 
1Z45m It's in ttw ClOMt, it's UndartMBtd 


part are Teddy Taylor, Robin 
Corbett, Neil Hamilton, and 
Julian CritoWey. 

920 Newtiart American domestic 
comedy series starring Bob 
Newhart and Mary Frann. 

920 Inverewe- A Garden WttMn. 
Thestory of Osgood 
MacKenzle and the garden he 
created. Inverewe. (r) (Oracle) 

1020 The Golden Gbls. Comedy 
series about four middle-aged 
women who share a house on 
the Florida ooast. Tonight, 
Rose has a little love problem. 

1020 Mstaken for Mad? The views 
of psychiatrists and experts bi 
the field of race on why 
schizophrenia is more 

11.15 F&nzTha Cfintc(1982). A 

film about a 

He of the sb 

HTV WALES as htv Wtatm- 

■ -■ B S=£x espt S .JQp m 430 Sore 
and Oaughtara S30-73fli Mam at Sw 
1030 Whom ttw Gods Lon 1130-IUOwn 
WnoDtrn wins. 

ANGLIA As London Mom 130pm 

Nsws V30-X00Rm; Big Host 
uon 11.10 nor. Bom tn bs Sold 123Sam John 
Psntty In Parson. Ctosadown. 


Ono-Thaty 230 Short Sttvylhaaira 230- 
U0 Curtng 630 ScoUandToday 630-730 
OttTram StrokBB 1030 Scofflah Quattons 
11.15 Curing IZISam Law Can 1230 
TQW as London escape I3ftm News 
J-SIL 1 jeoOOFBm: WandofAdwamirB 
33S-430 Young Docna ftOO-730 ftMay 
Show 1032 FBm. HaaMns: DeaOt and the 
MaxJSn 1135 Postscript 1200 Ptkn: Tamx 
Among Us 131am Ctosadown. 

GRAMPIAN tjjgySSrSajo 

ntic It's That Man AgUn 630-730 North 
TooMt 1030 Craarav 1130 BammrkUar 
1130Cirtna 1330am Naws 1Z35 Sartay 
Madesn at 75. ChisadiMn. 





FEW PLACES in Spain are as hot as Montilla. 

Yet in the cool cathedral-like atmosphere 
of the bodegas , a variety of delicate wines |^| 

are produced. Q 

The pale straw-coloured, natural ■■ 

fmos and light-golden medium wines are jHJjj 
both particularly enjoyable when served 

Then there are the sweeter, M M 
creamier styles. These can be LmJ 

pale or dark and are excellent wgBr 
accompaniments to desserts . 



by David Stevens. Ends at 

655 Wdather. 720 News 
725 Concert Deh» (A Song 
of Summer), Dowland (T 
saw my Lady weep: Peter 
Peers, tenor, with Julian 
Bream, lute), Pumea (Sonata 
with Christopher Hbgwood 

Walton (Votfn Concerto: Wa 
Heende), with 
Bournemouth SO). 820 

825 Concert (continued): 

tor piano, 1926, 

by Michael Tlison 
ptano), Debussy {Danse 
saerte et danse profane, 
with Vera Batfings, harp). 
Khachaturian (Spartacus). 

. 920 News 

925 This Week's Composer: 
Mertfelssohn. Magnificat 
contacts the Westphalia 
KantoreL String Quartet bi F 
minor. Op 80 (Melos 
Quartet of Stuttgart). Auf der 
Wanderschaft Op 71 No 
5. and Nachtfied Op 71 NoB 


baritone, and Wolfgang 
SewaUlsch, piano). 

Andante end Scherzo, Op 81 
(Msioe Quartet of 

1020 Lancjrram Chamber 
Orchestra (under 
Hurwftz). Ame (Overture No 
4 in F). Mozart (Overture 

and three Contradanses, K 
106). Haydn (Symphony 
NoB in G major, Lesok) 

1040 Schubert Songs written 

in the Bass Cleft ten 
Caddy (baritone), with 
Mehryn Tan (tortepiano). 

The works Include Geistee- 
Gruss, D 142, Der 
Wanderer D 493, Sehnsucht 

D 536 and Prometheus, 

11.10 Ropartz and Franck: 

Cfflora Curzon (piano) 
wtthLPO play Franck's 
Symphonic variations, 
and Mdos Ensemble play 
Ropartz’s Prelude, 

Marins and Chansons 
1140 Cherubini: Roth Quarter 
play the Quarts* h E flat 
Opt NO? 

12.15 Midday Prom: BBC 

Philharmonic Orhchestra 
(under Libor Peseta, 

Peter Lawson (piano). 

Part one. Smetana 
(Symphonic poem 
vltevs, Ma Vtast), Martinu 
(Plano Concerto No 2). 

120 News 

125 The Siege of Fort J 
. . Bathtub: Marcella 
l Riordan reads the story by 

Mary Rose CaBaghan (r) 

120 Concert (part two).. 

Dvorak (^rmphony No 3) 

225 Jos^jh Mane Nona 
LkkJefi (viofin). and 
Daphne Ibbott (piano). 
Sonata in A mayor 

320 University of Wales 
recital: Paul Galbraith 
(guitar) plays his own 
Dowland works including Sir 
John Smith, his Almane. 
and Farwall Fancy. Also 
Britten’s Nocturnal, Op 

345 Lades Lost and Found: 
Marlin Jarvis, as 
Chaucer, in the fourth of 
Terence niter's 
translations of Chaucer's 
The Book of the Duchess 
and The House of Fame. 
Today: The Stroke of 
Twelve (r) 

420 Choral Evensong: from 
Canterbury Cathedral. 

425 News 

520 Maiy for Pleasure: 
musical selection, 
presented by David Houit 

620 d'lndy and Fane: 

performances on record 
enctiantte. Op 8 and the 
Symphony on a French 
mountain song, Op 25 
(with AktoCiccoftiL piano 
and Paris Orchestra) 

720 Gabrieli String Quartet: 
part one. Hajmn’s 
Quartet In G major. Op 77 Nt» 
1. and Janacak's Quartet 

8L75 A Modem Mahabharata: 
more stories from the 
epic, told by Professor P Lai. 
ot Calcutta University. 
Tonight The Lota ofwater 

825 Recital: part two. 

Britten's Quartet No 3 

9.15 Three Hours after 
Marries: Vincsnr 
Mctnemey's adaptation of 
the satirical farce by John 
Gay, Alexander Pope and 
John Arbuthnot. Cast 
includes Maurice Denham, 
Patricia Routtedga, 

Nickolas Grace, and Bemud 

1020 Music in Our Time: 

Lontano (under Odaline 

da la Martinez), with Jane 
Manning (soprano). 

Peter Han (tenor)- Joan 
Tower (Petrushskates), 

Mark Anthony Tumage (On 
all fours), Ronald Psrera 

On long wavs, (s) Stereo on VHF 

. 525 Shipping t00 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
Today 625 Prayer (s) 

620 Today, kid 620, 720, 

• 820 News Summary 
645 Business News 655, 
755 Weather 7.00. 620 
Today’s News 725, 825 
Sport 745 Thought for 
the Day 825 Yesterday in 
Parttamant 050 Your 
Letters 857 Weather; Travel. 

920 News. 

925 Desert Island Discs. Chef 
brothers Michel and 
Albert Roux in conversation 
with Michael Parkinson 

945 ^urttierUpTheTynehia 
Flummox- Short stories 
by Leonard Barras. 

1020 News; International 
Assignment BBC 
correspondents report 

1020 Morning Story: 

Travelers, by 
LAG Strong. 

1045 Daly Service (s) 

11.00 News: Travel; You The 
Jury. A controversial 
issue is triad before a studio 
audience of jurors (s) 

11.48 Bushy Tates. Mountain 
gorillas of Rwanda. 

1220 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper bears from Dr 
Michael Jacobson, an 
American campaigner 
against junk food- 

1227 Hoax! Wffliam Franklyn, 

Irene Thomas and Fred 
Trueman tall the stories. Tim 
Brooke-Taylor and the 
stucSo audience try to spot 
the tie (s) 1255 weather. 

1.00 The World at One: News. 

140 The Archers. 

220 News; Woman's Hour, 
from Bradford, indudes a 
report from the National 
Gallery of Rim and 
Television, md its exhibition 
on the founding of TV. 

320 News; Pendennls (new 
sertes) by Thackeray. 
Dramatized in eight parts by 
Peter Bookman (s) 

420 News. 

425 The News Huddlines. 
RoyHudd laughs at the 
news with June Whitfield. 
Chris Emmett and The 
. Huddflners (s) 

420 Kaleidoscope 
(vest today's edition 

Bernard Hepton and Robert 
Eddison: Radio 3, 9.15pm 

7.00 News 
725 The Archers 
720 Pick of the Week. David 
Wade with rnghlights of 
the past week's programmes 
on BBC radio and 
television (s) 

820 Law in Action. Magazine 
about the law and 

administration of justice. 

845 Any Questions? with 
Admiral Sir James 
Eberie. Offvier Todd, Martin 
Walker and Joan Lestor. 

820 Letter From America, by 
Alistair Cooke. 

945 Kaleidoscope, includes 

Ma^oy le ' sJ oumey at 
the Haywood Gaflery. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A Bit 
of a Do, by David Jobbs 
(5 of 12) 1029 weather 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.00 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Week Ending. Satirical - 
review (s) 

1220 News; Weather 

VHF jjvaliabie in England and 

Stephen Albert 
rtewLiSoit- Closedown. 

520 PM. News magazine. 

550 Shipping. 555 

620 The Six O'clock News; 

Financial Report 
620 Going Places. Clive 
Jacobs presents a 
consumer magazine about 
travel and transport. 

except 5556.008m Weather; 
Travel 1120-1220 For 
Schools: 1120 Eanh Search 
1120 Playtime (s) 1125 
Music Workshop (s) 155- 
320pm For Schools: 155 
Listening Comer (S) 225 Let's 
Join In £25TaHcwaves 
2.40 Listen! (s) $50-5.55 PM 
(continued) I230-i.l0am 
Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting: French E: 
Horizons deFranee 






First mbBsM in 1785 





By Clive White 

Watford's determination 
not to be left behind in an; 
future breakaway by the major 
dobs was underlined when 
Graham Taylor, their man- 
ager, proposed yesterday to 
take the dob's spending to 
nearly £Im on players this 
season by signing Terry Gib- 
son from Manchester United 
for £300,000. 

Watford, who nine seasons 
ago were playing in the fourth 
division, have spent £2m on a 
new stand at their cramped 
Vicarage Road ground this 
season while still expressing a 
desire to move to a location 
with greater potential. On the 
the field, though, their ad- 
vance has been checked in the 
last two seasons by a falling in 

Gibson is a a sharp, mus- 
cular little forward — and 
while at Coventry City, a 
proven goalscorer. Since mov- 
ing to Old TralTord nine 
months ago in an exchange 
deal involving Alan Brazil 
which valued Gibson at 
£600,000, he has made just 
three fall appearances. When 
his opportunity did come he 
suffered a knee injury. 

Gibson woald be linking 
with a former Tottenham 
team-mate in Mark Fako, 
though their previous associ- 
ation was mainly in the 

The ailing form of Blissett, 
Watford's former England 
international, prompted Tay- 
lor to pay £350,000 for Faico 
earlier this month. And in 
September, even after a deal 
involving the sale of Callaghan 
to Charlton Athletic feQ 
through, he spent £225,000 on 
Richardson, a goalscoring 
midfield player from Everton. 

Davies returns 

Gordon Davies, the former 
Welsh mfernationalforward, 
signed for bis old dob, Ful- 
ham, yesterday for £50.000 
from Manchester City. Da- 
vies, aged 31, has been given a 
contract lasting until May 
1989 and w01 play at Don- 
caster Rovers tomorrow. 

Agboola loan 

Charlton Athletic yesterday 
signed the Sunderland defend- 
er. Reuben Agboola on a 
month's loan. Agboola, aged 
24. who played as a sweeper in 
many of his 90 League games 
with his previous dab, 
Southampton. looks set to 
make his Chariton debut to- 
morrow against Arsenal 

Clough’s plan 

Brian C lough has sent his 
£175.000 Scottish signing, 
Brian Rke, on loan to Grimsby 
Town with the object of getting 
him back into the Nottingham 
Forest first team before 
Christmas. Clough signed 
Rice from Hibernian last sea- 
son but, after 22 games, be lost 
bis dace and has not had a 
look in this season. “He has 
more natural ability then most 
but he has to sort out the 
pbysical side of his game,” 
Clough said. 

Robson enjoys 
edge over Osim 

Yugoslavia may lead the 
European Championship 
qualifying group four on goal 
difference but England are 
now ahead on psychological 
points. The 3-0 victory gamed 
by Bobby Robson’s side over 
Northern Ireland a fortnight 
ago is of substantially greater 
value than their rivaTs 4-0 win 
over the feeble Turks in Split 
on Wednesday night. 

Though technically skilful, 
the young and inexperienced 
Yugoslavs were uncertain in 
their approach against oppo- 
nents who were woefully inad- 
equate. Without moving a 
muscle except those control- 
ling his eyeballs, Robson is 
aware that be has established a 
significant advantage over his 
opposite number, Ivica Osim, 
for the potentially decisive 
fixture at Wembley on 
November 12. 

Robson realizes that he has 
no need to alter his own 
designs. “I saw nothing in 
Split to suggest that l should 
do anything to change the 
squad, the team or the way we 
are playing”, he said. If all of 
his representatives are avail- 
able. the list that he will 
announce on Tuesday is likely 
to include only one relative 
new name. 

Wright, who broke his leg at 
the end of last season, is 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

the recover from injury, or A 
ship Mabbutt. Other than Wright, con 
goal who was last selected for the Turi 
are visit to the Soviet Union last laug 
deal March. Robson is almost cer- well 
ined tain to retain the side that beat MIL 
over the Irish. ably 

Jghi Osim, on the other hand, acci 
aier must shuffle his own cards prof 
win and perhaps extensively, opp 
Split Yugoslavia's manager is sure, quir 
for a start, to bring back scor 
IfljL Sliskovic. his most talented. j 
jeed albeit temperamental, in- lran 
a in dividual, whose absence 
jpq. infuriated the meagre audi- but 
nad. ence in Hajduk's delightful on u 
„ a stadium on the shore of the gQ^ 

trol- Adriatic Sea. said 

B js As soon as they realized that 
gd a Sliskovic had been unexpect- ^11 
r his edfy omitted because of in- 
p m jury, they expressed their 
give anger with whistles that were , 
on to pierce the whole evening. 

Zlatko Vujovic, the scorer of tecn 
three of their goals, admitted raor 
has that "the crowd seemed to be 
own against us”. Their reaction " esi 
' Hi disappointed him in parti cu- 11011 
aula Before joining Bordeaux, solVl 
^ be was the local hero. 

Nor was that the only R< 
u °* uncomfortable feature during that 
the first 90 minutes of Osim’s in 1 
official managerial career, land 
Skoro, his most dangerous a pte 
• Uve predator in midfield, suffered prep 
a reccurrence of an ailment chall 
;gat that has disabled him for three hist 
. is weeks. He is not certain to expe 

expected to return in place of start, let alone finish, the tie 
either Watson, if he foils to against England. 

Russians pull out 
of Berlin matches 

The Soviet Union has pulled 
out of two friendly inter- 
nationals with West Germany 
next year, the West German 
football federation (DFB) said 
yesterday. The matches were due 
to be plaved in Tbilisi on March 
25 and in West Berlin on August 
29. The DFB said the Soviet 
Union had cited fixture conges- 
tion caused by European 
Championship qualifiers and its 
domestic league programme. 

But the DFB said the Soviet 
Union had indicated it was 
willing to play in a warm-up 
tournament in West Berlin be- 
fore the 1 988 European 
Championship in West 
Gennany.The match in West 
Berlin next year was doe to be 
part of the celebrations to mark 
the 75(hh anniversary of the city 
of Berlin. 

The Soviet Union's original 
acceptance to play caused some 

clave ringed by East German 
territory, is overseen by US, 
British and French forces, but its 
day-to-day non-military affairs 
are run by West Germans. East 
Berlin is the Soviet-controlled 
sector of the city, but the 
Communist East Germans long 
ago declared it their capital. 

Soviet-bloc nations have long 
objected to the staging of West 
German official ceremonies in 
West Berlin on grounds that the 
city is not a pan of West 
Germany. Meanwhile, the West 
objects to East German and 
Soviet conduct that passes off 
East Berlin as a capital city in its 
own stead. 

Soviet-led resistance dashed 
the German Soccer Federation’s 
plans to include West Berlin as a 
venue for the 1988 European 
championships that are io be 
held in West Germany, the 
newspaper Die Wett noted-To 

surprise as Moscow has fire- date, the long-time Easi-West 
quently objected to inter- dispute has prevented any plan- 

national sports events being ning for joint Easi-West cckbra- 
staged in West Berlin because of lions of the prewar German 
the political status of the di- capital’s 7S0lh anniversary next 
vided city. Soviet pressure was year. 

widely seen as the main reason t River Plate, the only major 
why plans to stage some Euro- Argentine club never to have 
pean Championship matches in won the Libertadores Cup. the 
West Berlin were dropped by the South American club 
DFB. a derision which caused a championship, at last got their 

political furore in Bonn. 

hands on the trophy in Buenos 

The West Ger mans will now Aires on Wednesday night. Two 
play away to Israel on March 25 decades after their first failure in 
and European champions the final, they beat America Cali 
France will be the visitors for of Colombia 1-0 in the second 
the West Berlin celebrations on leg of this year’s final and. 

a new date, August 12. 

having won the first leg 2-1 , took 

West Berlin, a walled-in en- the title 3-1 on aggregate. 

Alongside him. Katanec 
consistently mistook the 
Turks for the ball and looked 
laughably out of bis depth as 
well as out of place and 
Mlinaric, though unmistak- 
ably gifted, lacked his usual 
accuracy. In spite of the 
profound deficiencies of their 
opponents, the Yugoslavs re- 
quired foreign assistance to 
score their first two goals. 

Tuce, one of five new caps, 
transformed them when be 
came on for the dosing stages, 
but he may again be chosen 
only as a substitute. "I am not 
going to be fooled”, Robson 
said. “They will play dif- 
ferently at Wembley. They 
will have to pick a team to 
counter our strength. 

"They wfl] be hard to break 
down and they have the 
technique to frustrate us by 
monopolizing the ball But I 
saw nothing to frighten us. 
Besides, I have enough op- 
tions in my squad to be able to 
solve any new problems they 
may set us on the night”. 

Robson feels, justifiably, 
that a victory over Yugoslavia 
in 12 days would make Eng- 
land heavy favourites to claim 
a place in the finals. Before he 
prepares his party for the 
challenge, he plans to confirm 
his own future. Next week he 
expects to "sort out a few 
personal details” and sign his 
new contract. 

Hard luck 
for hero 

Steve Hardwick, the Oxford 
United goalkeeper, after help- 
ing to keep his club on the 
Wembley trail bas been told 
he will not be playing at 
Newcastle tomorrow. 
Hardwick, plagued by a pelvic 
problem, produced a string of 
superb saves in a 3-1 
Littlewoods Cup success 
against Sheffield United on 
Wednesday, his first game for 
10 months. 

Maurice Evans, the man- 
ager, said: “He will not be 
playing on Saturday because 
he isn’t fit enough.” 

David Hodgson booked an 
appearance against Liverpool 
his former club, tomorrow 
with a devastating treble for 
Norwich City to send Mill wall 
tumbling out of the 
Littlewoods Cup at Carrow 

For Steve McMahon play- 
ing in the Littlewoods Cup is 
almost as good as winning the 
pools. He hit four goals in 
Liverpool's 1 0-0 third-round 
win over Fulham at Anfield 
and on Wednesday grabbed 
the scoring limelight again 
with a superb treble as Liver- 
pool eliminated Leicester City 

Operation eardrum: Botcher may miss a game because of a hospital appointment 

Rangers transfer-list Walker 
as spending takes its toll 


Is someone in 
your family 
hard of hearing? 

Luton given £25 9 0©0 
for card scheme 

Luton Town, who were levels^ total of £100.000 is to 
ejected from the Littlewoods be provided for closed circuit 
Challenge Cup competition TV at third and fourth di- 
for refusing to accept Cardiff vision grounds and the first 
City’s away supporters at clubs to benefit will be Bolton 

As Rangers supporters were 
being assured that more costly 
imports would be brought to 
Ibrox, the sad side of the 
spending spree emerged yes- 

Deposed from the team 
since the arrival of Woods 
from Norwich City for a 
£600,000 fee. Walker, the 
goalkeeper who cost £100,000 
when transferred from 
Motherwell has asked for a 
move and Rangers have 
agreed to put him on the 
transfer list There, he joins 
another former favourite, 
Russell, who has also sought a 
move after losing his first- 
team place. 

Inevitably, others will have 
to go as well for David 
Holmes, the chief executive, 
told shareholders at the an- 
nual meeting that there would 
be no change in the Rangers 
policy of spending liberally on 
the right players. He said: "We 
will go on strengthening the 
team. We have a skeleton; 
now it's time to put the meal 
on it If the right player 
becomes available, we will 

By Hugh Taylor 

Meanwhile. Terry Butcher, 
Rangers* En gland internation- 
al central defender, is waning 
to go into hospital for an 
operation on a perforated 
eardrum. Butcher does not 
know how the injury hap- 
pened, but said yesterday: ”11 
could have been from a knock 
during a game or an infection. 
Hopefully, 1 will only be out 
for one game. 1 * 

Celtic also have worries. 
Bonner, their Irish inter- 
national goalkeeper, is receiv- 
ing treatment for a shoulder 
injury and was yesterday said 
to be doubtful for the match 
with Rangers al Parkhead. 

The manager, David Hay, 
found relief from that Mow m 
the form of his reserve goal- 
keeper, the experienced 
Latchford, who made several 
fine saves in Celtic’s fug win 
over Clydebank. He was 
happy, too, with the excellent 
showing of McGhee, the for- 
mer Aberdeen and Hamburg 
centre-forward, who was back 
at his best after injury. 

There was nothing, how- 


Hagler is to lose his title 

By Srihnnar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

your family suffer from 
partial deafness? If so 
Hidden Hearing could 
have the answer with 
the world’s smallest 
hearing devices. 

Many people avoid seeking 
advice on hearing aids be- 
cause they still imagine 
them to be cumbersome 
contraptions which an- 
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world. The truth is very 
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Hidden Hearing's quali- 
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clinic, to assess the type and 
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One form of hearing loss is 
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When this type of deafness 
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of post without cost or 

Kenilworth Road, were yes- 
terday awarded £25,000 by the 
Football Trust. 

The trust, funded entirely 
by Venions. Zeners and 
Littlewoods. the pools com- 
panies, from their spot-the- 
bali competitions, have given 
Luton the money to assist 
them with their card member- 
ship scheme. 

(£12.000). Peterborough. Port 
Vale and York (£ 1 0.000 each ). 

Another £50.000. approxi- 
mately. is to be allocated to 
35% of the costs incurred by 
the British Transport Football 
intelligence Unit which, the 
trust says: "Prorides invalu- 
able assistance in monitoring 
and controlling crowd 

m.rt ew Another £200.000 will go to 

Glasgow District Council to 

irnf artificial pitch at Glenconner 
recognise Luton Town sgenu- p, r i. j, n H f infl 000 more will 
inc efforts to counter spectator StaSSd 

timwi? a jnemhershln accommodation at grass roots 
iheme d mcmbe,shlp clubs in Wales and Northern 

"The trust have awarded 
the £25.000 grant not as an 
endorsement of the ban on 
away support but on the basis 
that the ‘Home Only’ initia- 
tive represents a valuable 
experiment in the use of 
computer systems for control- 
ling entry into football 


In ail the trust is injecting 
£500,000 into football at all 

clubs in Wales and Northern 

The trust will also give 
Scotraii £5.000 for a perma- 
nent football platform at 
Meadowbank Station for use 
by Hibernian supporters: and 
£10,000 to Sheffield City 
Council towards the reinstate- 
ment of Wadsley Bridge Sta- 
tion for use by football 
specials conveying followers 
to Sheffield Wednesday’s 

Marvin Hagler. the un- 
disputed world middleweight 
champion, is to be stripped of 
his World Boxing Association 
title. James Binns, the World 
Boxing Association legal advi- 
sor. told Mike Barrett the 
London promoter, last night 
The winner of the Herd 
G rah am — Mark Kaylor Euro- 
pean title bout at Wembley on 
November 4, will meet 
Thomas Hearns, of the United 
Slates, for the vacant title. 

The reason for the decison 
is that Hagler and Sugar Ray 
Leonard have derided to box 
over the World Boxing Coun- 
cil distance of 12 rounds and 
not the WBA 15 when they 
meet in ApriL They have also 

refused to pay the WBA 
sanction fees which is thought 
to total about $% million. 

Binns also told Barrett that 
Graham, ofSbeffield would be 
moved from his No. 2 pos- 
ition as contender to No. l, 
and his bout with Kaylor 
would automatically become • 
the final rfitninativr for -the 
world title. 

Hearns, who recently gave 
up his world light middle- 
weight title to become yt light 
heavyweight- was not avail- 
able for comment yesterday, 
but Emmanuel Steward, his 
manager, said from the Kronk 
gymnasium in Detroit that he 
was very keen for the match to 

go on. He said that as soon as 
Hearns gets back on Sunday 
from Florida, where he is on 
holiday, they would catch a 
plane for London. 

"It is a hot match, and I am 
sure that after the sudden turn 
of events Thomas will shelve 
the idea of' turning light- 
heavyweight and fight the 
winner of Graham pr>d 
Kaylor. Thomas and 1 will be 
flying io Loudon on Monday 
where I am looking forward to 

friend Jarvis Astaire. I have 
never seen your man Gr aham 
That is why I want to come to 
London, and we will fight him 

^ ft/ > - SPORT IN BRIEF 

Plastic tempts Scots 

| Fleas* post mi- absolutely lire and without ohlupiion details of the latest 

sdl -contained aids phis a copy ofyoi»r free book. 

I Tick benr il a pensioner [j 21/ 31/10 

Scotland could be set for a 
“plastic invasion” if a meeting 
of the Scottish FA gives the 
go-ahead for artificial pitches. 
Clubs from north of the 
border today began to lay the 
foundations for the snitch to 
plastic surfaces with a fact- 
finding mission to Preston 
North End. the most recent 

I ™ 1 ™ 1 1 North End. me most recent 

Addr^ - ■ I dub to make the transition 

□ ■[ from grass. 


Jus! simply address em-rlope. No slump rrquiird. 
fflfiniW HEHMtti - I'.IKT Of THfc tWPWU SHOfc M VAVuC OB&WSA TTOV 

■ V«y ’LTIWi Hi »WS i MAWYLEUOf fc HI Ml I. NU I IhL <11 JW* 

Barney Campbell, the Eng- 
lish club's managing director, 
said: “Every club from Scot- 
land was represented, except 
for Aberdeen, and 1 think that 

make the change but it's a 
small price for success.” 

The SFA will decide on the 
issue when they meet on 
November 12. 

© Celtic have become the 
latest Scottish club to install 
closed circuit television at 
their ground to combat 
hooliganism.Cosung £30.000, 
there will be four colour 
cameras watching the crowd 
inside the ground and four 
black and white cameras 
watching the queues forming 

it will be in operation for 

they were more than im- the first time at the Old Firm 
pressed by what they saw. It gamey against Rangers 
can cost £300.000-plus to tomorrow. 

are fit 

I Mi