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to Kinnock 

By Nicholas Wood and Tim Jones 
Mr Neil Kinnock was Last 

night facing ihe prospect of a 
politically damaging con- 
troversy over nuclear energy 
at the TUC conference which 
opens in Brighton today. 

His hopes of a smooth ride 
in what is probably the last 
TUC gathering before the next 
election received a big setback 
yesterday when the giant 
Transport and General 
Workers’ Union threw its 
weight behind Mr Arthur 
Scargill’s miners' union, 
which wants the country’s 
atomic power stations 

The miners’ union will for- 
mally second a Fire Brigades 
Union motion calling for an 
end to the plants. Mr ScargiU 
is confident of victory and 
intends to make an im- 
passioned appeal to the 

Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the TUC. tried to 
head off a confrontation by 
persuading all sides to fall into 
line with a joint TUC-Labour 
Party compromise, which 
would halt the construction of 
new nuclear stations pending 
the outcome of a review of the 
nation's energy policy in the 
wake of the . Chernobyl 
disaster in the Soviet Union. 

But that strategy is in 
tatters. After a meeting of the 
95-member TGWU delega- 
tion. Mr Ron Todd, its general . 
secretary, said it was “quite 
sible” that the General 
energy compromise 
approach would be thrown 

But Mr Gavin Laird gen- 
eral secretary of the Amal- 
gamated Engineering Union, 
dismissed the NUhfs resolu- 
tion as “barmy”. 

Unions with members m 
the nuclear industry estimate 
that about 1 00,000 jobs would 
be lost if atomic power plants 
were shut down. 

The TGWU also decided to 
back a hard-line motion from 
the National Graphical 
Association over the News 
-International dispute at 
Wapping in east London. 

However, the pre-con- 
ference maneouvring did not 
go totally against Mr Kinnock, 
who is to make a keynote 
address tomorrow and who 
sees the conference as the first 
springboard to his party's 
ability to show the public it 
can work harmoniously with 
the' union movement 
Mr ScaTgjll was effectively 
torpedoed by bis own delega- 

tion when he tried to win its 

support for a resolution 

pre-strike secret 

■g possible’ 
' v Council 

Mr Hammond: will walk 
past demonstrators. . 

In spite of exhortations over 
the Wapping dispute from Mr 
Willis, the National Graphical 
Association has steadfastly re- 
fused to withdraw a motion 
calling on the General Council 
to instruct members of the 
electricians' union to stop 
working at the east London 
newspaper plant. 

Last Thursday, the council 
voted by 30 to 12 to ask the 
NGA to drop its motion 
condemning the electricians 
and criticizing the TUCs lack 
of action. 

But Mr Tony Dubbins, 
general secretary of the NGA, 
is determined, according to 
one well-placed source,” to 
have his day m court”. 

With emotions at high 
pitch, both inside and outside 
the conference hall, it is Hkdy 
that Mr Dubbins will win a 
tempestuous debate to deliver 
a setback to the authority of 
the TUCs governing body. 

While the arguments rage 
inside, up to 3,000 dismissal 
print-workers and their 
supporters will mass outride 
the conference centre to lobby 

Police reinforcements from 
other areas are being drafted 
in to help the Sussex police 
cope with' what could be an 
ugly confrontation. 

Senior officers in charge: of 
the operation know that most 
Continued on page 16, col 7 

Mr Norman Willis, TUC general secretary, relaxing in the 
son at Brighton yesterday before facing me storm today. 

Visas curb on 
African and 
Asian visitors 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

Controversial measures 
aimed at controlling the flow 
of Asian and African visitors 
to Britain look certain to be 
agreed today at the first meet- 
ing of Cabinet ministers since 
ihe summer break. 

It is expected that Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher and her 
colleagues will decide to in- 
troduce a visa system in an 
attempt to relieve the growing 
pressure on immigration of- 
ficials at Heathrow Airport. 

Ministers are bracing them- 
selves for criticism from 
Opposition MPs and, more 
importantly, overseas leaders 
who are likely to accuse the 
Government of racism. 

In spite of Foreign Office 
opposition, Mr Douglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary, is expected 
to have the support of the 
Prime Minister in agreeing on 
tough action. 

The large number of visitors 
from Africa and Asia coming 
into Heathrow has caused 
overcrowding at detention 
centres and led to many 
people being put up in hotels 
while immigration officials 
make sure that entrants can 
support themselves and do 
not intend to stay perma- 
nently in Britain. 

Under the planned visa 
system, visitors from coun- 
tries such as India, Pakistan, 
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Ghana 
and Nigeria would have to 
obtain visas from British mis- 
sions abroad before setting off! 

At the moment it is usually 
only visitors from Communist 
countries who need visas to 
enter Britain. _ 

Sir Geoffrey 1 Howe. Foreign 
Secreiaiy. who returned at the 
weekend from a holiday in 
France, is known to be un- 
happy with the visa scheme. 
He fears it will further damage 
Britain's increasingly fragile 
relations with Third World 

But dose colleagues last 
night anticipated that he 
would reluctantly accept the 
Home Office proposals while 
insisting that more immigra- 
tion officials were posted 
abroad to cope with the 
expected flood of visa 

Even so, Africans and 
Asians hoping to visit Britain 
will almosi certainly face long 
delays in obtaining the 
neecessary clearance. 

A pan from Mrs Thatcher, 
Mr Hurd and Sir Geoffrey, the 
Cabinet committee which 
considers how to end the 
chaos faced by immigration 
officialris expected to include 
law officers and a minister 
from the Department of 

Other proposals which are 
likely 10 be discussed include 
providing extra accomodation 
for detained visitors, increas- 
ing the number of immigra- 
tion officers and staggering the 
arrival of aircraft from Africa 
and India. 


the loaders 



Today’s revelations 
about what young 
voters think will 
give party leaders 
pause for thought 
But what do the 
young think of 
them? Find out in 
part two of a 
vital Times series 

—^oid — 

• There is £12,000 to 
be won today In the 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition as there 
was no winner in the 
daily competition on 
either Friday or 

• The weekly prize 

of £8,000 was shared on 
Saturday by two 
readers — Mr Michael 
Browne of Newark, 
Notts, and MrS. 
Costello, of Leeds. 
Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
20; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 



among' “Bntaw-s most _ 
claimed artists died peacefully 
in the early hours of yesterday 
morning at his home in 
Hertfordshire aged 88. 

The son of a Yorkshire 
miner, Mr Moore was one of 
the greatest influences on 
contemporary sculpture for 
more than 50 years. His 
distinctive large bronze works, 
often depicting reclining fig- 
ures. are displayed in 90 cities 
around the world and in most 
prominent modern, art 
galleries. .... 

He was virtually bedridden 
for the last ihree years of his 
life with arthritis and diabetes. 

In 1977 he created the 
Henry Moore Foundation, 
which sponsors 14 an projects 
and gives grants to young 

When news of his death 
became known yesterday lead- 
ing figures in the art world 
paid tribute, describing him as 
the “greatest British artist of 

Will air travellers welcome a 
return to propeller-driven air- 
liners? This is one of the 
subjects dealt with in a seven- 
page Special Report on world 
aerospace at the Famborough 
Air Show Pages 21-27 

On This Day 

The second "} urdci ; jg 1 
to Jack the Ripp«* left a body; 
identified as that of Mly 
Nicholls. to Bucks Row. 
Whitechapel, wiUt her throat 
slit and *Tcmble wounds in 
the abd omen raRe ^ 




Home Ne«s 2-4 
Overseas 54 

Arts 15 

Biribs, dtatli*. 
marriages 14 

Buswu 17-20 
Chess 2 

Court 14 

Cracmords 10J6 

mm 12 
Features 10-12 

la* Report 
Prem Bonds 

Science - 

TV &. Radio 35 
Weal ter 16 


Henry Moore 

By Niehoifls -Beestoo 
,Medre,'OB£ 9ftfye : jquir time”, and die .^greatest 

Professor Alan Bowness, 
the director of tbe Tate gaflery, 
contacted in. Cologne, West 
Germany, said: “Not even 
Michelangelo, not even Rodin 
ever enjoyed such an audi- 



ence. He was a very great man 
and his sculpture will never be 

He said Mr Moore con- 
centrated on the female form 
and especially the Mother and 
Child, which were recurring 
themes in 60 of his works. 

“They were not representa- 
tional and sometimes they 
shocked and disturbed, but 
slowly more and more people 
have come to understand 
them and appreciate their 
strength and essential youth,” 
he said. 

Professor John Hedgecoe,'a 
pro rector at the Royal College 
of Art, where Mr Moore 

Continued on page 16, col 3 

East coast ports alerted 
for toxic waste barges 

By a Staff Reporter 

Two Dutch dredgers' i 
ing toxic waste were last night 
seeking a British port in winch 
to unload their cargo. 

East coast ports have been 
ordered to be on the lookout 
for the barges, laden with 
more than 400 tons of arsenic- 
contaminated waste salvaged 
from the Danish coaster Olaf 
which sank off the Dutch coast 
in July on its way to Britain. 

Dutch water authorities 
spent three weeks and almost 
£700,000 salvaging the coaster 
and its cargo, but lhey now 
want to see it reach its original 
destination in Britain, where it 

was due at a reprocessing 
plant at Thurrock, Essex. 

All east coast ports were 
instructed to inform the 
Health and Safety Executive if 
the barges were sighted. They 
are carrying a sluny of 355 
tons of poisonous lead, 70 
ions of arsenic and five tons of 
cadmium originating, from the 
Superfos chemical . factory 
near Aalborg in Denmark.. 

A spokesman for Harwich 
Harbour Board said: "It is a 
question of finding some- 
where that can handle that 
form of cargo, but as far as I 
am aware there is nowhere in 
this area that could take rt.“ 

Cram wins 
over Coe 

By John Goodbody 
Sports News Correspondent 

Steve Cram won bis revenge 
over Sebestian Coe in retain- 
ing his 1500 metres title as 
Britain produced a trium- 
phant finale yesterday to the 
14th- European- Athletics 
Championships In Stuttgart. 

- J$ck Buckner, In tbe 5,000 
intfres!; had thwnen’s 4x400 
metres relay team alscf~«a# 
gold medals tabring Britain’s, 
total to . a rexortfequaffing 
eight titles, third m the medm 
table behind the Soviet Union 
and East Germany, each of 
which won 11. 

Cram; who lost the '800 
metres title on Thursday, as 
well as the Olympic 1500 
metres, to Coe, yesterday 

Jack Buckner Gold medal 
in the 5,000 metres, 
oulsprinted his fellow Briton, 
who finished second. 

Cram said after the race: “I 
put myself under a lot of 
pressure. It was not there on 
Thursday, and' I have never 
been so depressed after a rac& 
It was very important to win 

Britain had to field two 
reserves because of injury in 
the men’s 4 x 400 metres, and 
one of them, Brian Whittle, 
lost a shoe as be started his 
lap. He' bad to run in his sock, 
but despite these handicaps 

the quartet out-sprinted West 

Tim Hutchings, in the 5,000 
metres, and tbe men’s 4 x 100 
metres relay squad woo 
bronze medals. Page 36 

Moscow arrest of 
US reporter casts 
shadow on summit 

From Michael Binyon 

The US Government has 
issued a sharp and swift 
protest at tbe detention of Mr 
Nicholas Daniioff, an Ameri- 
can magazine correspondent, 
by the KGB ftir allrad spying. 

.. Officials w^irtd 
cast a long shaafiw.over the 
-preparation* for : a summit 
mating between President 
Reagan and Mr Mikhail 

The State Department said 
the allegations against Mr 
Daniioff were unfounded and 
the charges "contrived”: Ef- 
forts were underway to obtain 
his release. 

Senior officials of the maga- 
zine US News and World 
Report were flying to Moscow 
yesterday to try to obtain Mr 
Daniloffs release. 

Administration officials 
speculated immediately that 
the Soviet action was in 
retaliation for the arrest in 
New York last weekend of Mr 
Genaddy Zakharov, a Soviet 
physicist adviser working at 
the United Nations Sec- 
retariat. He was caught after 
receiving classified defence 
information from a Third 
World student who was acting 
as an informant for tbe Fed- 
eral Bureau of Investigation. 

Mr Daniioff: American pro- 
test over his de t ention. 

Officials here said the man- 
ner and timing of Mr 
Daniloffs set-up clearly show- 
ed that the Russians had been 
angered by the publicity given 
to Mr Zakharov’s arrest. 

They also wanted to arrange 
an exchange with Mr Zakhar- 
ov, who as a UN official has 
no diplomatic immunity and 
faces life imprisonment if 
convicted of espionage. 

The Slate Department said 
it could not rule out such a 
linkage. Observers here be- 
lieve the US may eventually 
agree to an exchange. 

Spy claim, page 5 

Growth cut 

By Graham Searjeant 

British exporters will foil to 
take full advantage of the 
improvement in world trade 
next year because they are not 
sufficiently competitive, the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry fears. As a result, 
economic growth will be lower 
than previously expected. 

In Jts hew Economic Situa^ 
tiou RetJqrt, the. enflStayers’ 
organization has cut its fore- 
cast of economic growth this 
year from 14 to 2 per cent 

It still expects the economy 
to pick up next year and cut 
unemployment by about 
100,000, but its growth fore- 
cast has been cut from 2.8 to 
2.6 per cent 

High real wage rises will 
continue to fuel spending in 
the high streets, but much of 
this will be met from stocks 
and from imports. 

• A Midland Bank projection 
runs against the prevailing 
gloom. It says increased 
investment in industry and 
consumer spending will boost 
economic growth to 3 per cent 
next year and in 1988. 

Further fears, page 17 





By Michael McCarthy 

“Thatcher's children”, the 
young people who have come 
of voting age since Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher arrived in 
Downing Street, are deeply 
cynical and largely apathetic 
about politics, and their dis- 
affections are not being 
successfully harnessed by any 
party. Two-thirds of them 
may not vote in the next 
general election. 

Unemployment is 
overwhelmingly the issue they 
consider most important, but 
nearly 80 per cent do not 
blame the Conservative Party 
or the Government, in spite of 
feeling widely alienated by the 
personality of the Prime Min- 
ister. They have not been 
radicalized by the traumas of 
the Thatcher era. 

Among the young un- 
employed, the percentage 
holding the Government 
responsible for their plight has 
actually halved in the last five 
sears, while unemployment 
has gone up by 40 per cent. 

These findings, which will 
make sobering reading in 
particular for the Labour 
Party’s campaign planners, 
emerge from the first in-depth 
survey of the political atti- 
tudes of those who have got 



the vote since June 1979, 
conducted exclusively for The 
Times by MORI (Market & 
Opinion Research Inter- 

Thatcher's children are the 
6.2 million British men and 
women aged from IS to 25. 
They account for 1 5 per cent 
of the electorate, yet only 34 
per cent of the total polled said 
they were certain to vote at the 
next election. More than a 
quarter were adamant that 
they would not be voting at 

This apathy factor is likely 
to cancel any comfort Mr 
Kinnock might otherwise take 
from the poll, which shows 
that for those young people 
who do have some voting 
intentions Labour is far ahead 
in popularity. 

Apathy, . however, dras- 
tically reduces the number of 

S votes Mr Kinnock can 
y count on. The 34 per 
cent of Thatcher’s children 
who have said they are certain 
to vote represents only about 
2.1 million of the 6.2 million 

S I electors, and of those, 
ur voters account for just 
over half or 1.1 million. 

So Labour is succeeding in 
galvanizing politically only 
about one sixth of ihe young 
people it has been trying so 
hard lo win over. 

This is the more surprising 
in that the highest ratings in 
the poll were for the hostility 
expressed towards Mrs 
Thaicher personally. 

The most dramatic ev- 
idence that young voters' dis- 
continued, page 16, col l 

Secrecy shrouds visit 
by Reagan’s envoy 

By Nicholas Beeston 

An unprecedented news 
blackout surrounded the start 
yesterday of General Vernon 
Walters' visit to seven Euro- 
pean capitals, as he lobbied 
the Western European allies 
on behalf of President Reagan 
for support against Libya. 

Genera] Walters, the US 
Ambassador to the United 
Nations is expected to begin 
his week's tour in-Madrid, but- 
the Stale Department has 
refused to disclose any details 
of his itinerary for security 

It is believed he will be 
carrying with him evidence 

that Libya is plotting a new 
terrorist campaign. 

General Walters is expected 
in London on Friday 

Administration was attemp- 
ting to play down over the 
weekend any suggestion that 
any new US raid on Libya was 
imminent (Michael Binyon 

Officials here have made no 
comment on the remarks by 
General Bernard Rogers, 
Nato's Supreme Allied Com- 
mander. that he favoured a 
new strike against Libya. 

From Robert Fisk, Doha! 

In a sudden but hitherto- 
unrevealed auempt to protect 
their oil tankers from Iraqi air 
attacks in the Gulf, foreign 
shipowners have begun to 
instal a sophisticated anti- 
missile defence system - de- 
signed by British manufact- 
ure^ as a direct result of the 
Falklands war — on board 
their vessels. . 

Cannisters of aluminium 
chaff, to be fired from oil 
tankers by radar control 31 the 
approach of an Exocm missile, 
have already been fitted on 
board two tankers m Dubai m 
an experiment that could have 
wide repercussions through- 

^OneMofihc ships, a 200.000- 
lonne Greek-owned tanker, 
was still being equipped with 
the new defence system in 
Dubai port yesterday, while us 

crew finished covering the 
entire superstructure in a dark 
grey — almost black — paint to 
reduce the effectiveness of the 
radar detection apparatus of 
incoming missiles. 

Shipping, sources in Dubai 
say, that shipowners are now 
anxious to equip dozens of 
other tankers with the same 
defences. Hitherto, such 
methods of protection were 
thought to have been only at 
the discussion stage. 

The scientific lessons of the 
Falklands war are thus for the 

the results with keen interest. 

The British “chafT system 
was specially made to. counter 
the French-manufactured Ex- 
ocet missiles used to such 
devastating effect by the Ar- 
gentine Air Force against Brii- 

Iraq Is willing to accept an 
internationally guaranteed 

non-aggression pact with Iran 

to siid the Gulf war, Mr 
Saadotm HamadL the Iraqi 
Speaker, said yesterday (AP 
reportsyWe are ready to 
accept guarantees from the 
superpowers and the five 
permanent members of the 
UN Security CouadL” he 
said, proposing that the two 
states select 30 countries each 
to guarantee “that neither 
parly commit an aggression on 
the other”. . 

ish ships around the Falk- 
lands. and which are now 
being employed — with almost 
equal accuracy — by ihe Iraqi 
Air Force against tankers 
carrying Iranian oil in the Gulf 
sea lanes. 

Shipowners have long de- 
bated how best to protect their 

vessels in ihe Gulf in a year in 
which more than 60 tankers 
have been hit by bombs and 
missiles. Rather than install- 
ing guns or ground-to-air mis- 
siles on board their tankers — a 
step which would effectively 
turn them into warships - 
they have opted for what they 
refer to as “passive defence”. 

The cannisters are fired 
from ihe tanker at the ap- 
proach of a missile, scattering 
a! umin turn into the air around 
the vessel to mislead the radar 
homing device inside the 

A 200.000-ionne tanker I 
saw in Dubai harbour yes- 
terday after the chaff system 
had been installed had been 
painted such a dark grey that it 
looked like - a huge fimeral 
ship. with, even its funnel 
painted out in black. The dark 
colouring is to reduce* the 

reflection which missile radar 
uses to find its target. 

Tbe tanker is to leave Dubai 
shortly to work as a “shuttle” 
vessel, ferrying oil from Kharg 
Island to the new Iranian oil- 
loading facility at Larak Island 

The most complex part of| 
the defence system is the 
radar-controlled firing mecha- 
nism. An Exocei approaches 
an oil tanker at such speed 
that the crew would have liule 
or no chance to shoot the 
cannisters into the air before 
its arrival Shipping sources in 
Dubai say that the tanker's 
own radar system will, trigger 
the cannisters' firing mech- 

“In effect, the crew will not 
realize that they are being 
attacked until they see their! 
own anti-missile defences in 
action.” a shipping source said 
here yesterday- 






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Ulster brewers 
and taxi Arm 
face republican 
terror threat 

By Richard Ford 

A taxi driver was hijacked officers and soldiers to the bar 

and forced to carry a bomb 50 
miles to a bar in Antrim where 
it exploded at the weekend, 
damaging the building and 
others near by. and republican 
paramilitaries extended their 
campaign of intimidation to 
include Ulster's two main 

The threats occurred as Mr 
James Molyneaux. leader ol 
the Official Unionist Party, 
said that measures aimed at 
“reassuring nationalists" that 
the Anglo-Irish agreement was 
being implemented could pro- 
duce “more blood-letting”. 

Mr Molyneaux, speaking on 
Saturday as thousands of 
“loyalists” took part in peace- 
ful parades organized by the 
senior Royal Black Institu- 
tion. uiged both governments 
to think long and hard on the 
consequences of what they 
had. as he put it. so recklessly 

“They know very well that 
in the aftermath of last year's 
betrayal, their irresponsible 
patter about (lags and em- 
blems and Irish street names 
reinforces the reality of joint 
authority.” he said. 

The Antrim explosion, 
shortly before midnight on 
Saturday at a bar allegedly 
used by members of the 
securitv forces, was followed 
bv conflicting messages from a 
person claiming to represent 
the Irish National Liberation 

Initially the taxi driver was 
told to stop taking police 

or risk being shot, but a later 
telephone message said the 
taxi firm must announce pub- 
licly within seven days that it 
had stopped transporting 
members of the security 
forces, or the owner risked 

It was the third I NLA bomb 
attack in Antrim since last 
Thursday. Within hours of the 
threat to the taxi firm a 
milkman in the company 
announced that he would stop 
supplies to the local police 

INLA has now joined the 
Provisional IRA's campaign 
which has cost six lives, one a 
case of mistaken identity, 
since it began last year. 

Bass and Guinness, the two 
drink suppliers, which to- 
gether employ 1,500 people, 
have been threatened over 
their supplies to the security 

• Management at Short 
Brothers, the aircraft manu- 
facturer. will disever today 
whether their appeal to work- 
ers voluntarily to remove 
loyalist bunting and emblems 
have had any efTecL 

The majority loyalist 
workforce at the east Belfast 
factory have had the weekend 
to consider a letter from Sir 
Philip Foreman, the chair- 
man. in which he promised to 
fly the Union Jack daily but 
insisted that bunting, other 
flags and political posters 
must be removed from the 
factory floor. 

turn from 

By Mark Dowd 

The teaching profession is 
attracting fewer graduates, fig- 
ures published today by the 
University Grams Committee 

The committee's statistics 
for 1984-5 show that only 
3.200 of a total of 72,000 
graduates chose courses in 
teacher training, a 10 per cent 
drop compared with the pre- 
vious year. 

The declining prestige of a 
career in the classroom is 
further reflected by the fact 
that the cumulative drop since 
1981 is 42 percent. 

Although Mr Kenneth 
Baker. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, has 
undertaken to provide more 
places at teacher training col- 
leges. the disincentive of 
comparatively low salaries is 
proving a severe handicap to 
graduate recruitment. 

The overall job outlook for 
graduates is improving 
marginally, according to the 
UGC figures, with Oxbridge 
still enjoying a dear advan- 
tage. Fewer than three per cent 
of those who graduated from 
Britain's oldest universities in 
1985 are still looking for work. 

I'ninrsny Statistics 1984-5. 

J ohmic Two- First Destinations 
of Tnncrsiiy Graduates : 
Universities' Statistical Record 
(£ 10 . 50 ). 

in crucial 

Autumn school term begins 
this week, against the back- 
drop of an uneasy peace 
between the teaching onions 
and local authorities (Mark 
Dowd writes). 

After the “historic” deal in 
Coventry in July, both sides 
have agreed to set op working 
parties to negotiate the fine 

if there is to be lasting 
peace, a meeting today on 
cover for absent colleagues 
most reach an interim accord 
on the number of days that 
teachers should stand In. 

Mr Peter Smith, deputy 
general secretary of the 
Association of Assistant Mas- 
ters and Mistresses, said yes- 
terday: “It is a critical 
meeting. It will not only decide 
whether schools slide back 
into chaos again, but it will 
also have a bearing on any 
hopes of eventual success in 
the Acas discussions." 

Both sides are under pres- 
sure. After the Scott judge- 
ment in May, local authorities 
know that parents are better 
placed to take court action 
against councils whose teach- 
ers refuse cover. 

The teaching unions want to 
appear to be acting respon- 
sibly, particularly because Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education, allegedly 
wants to tie government money 
for the Coventry deal to “on- 
interrupted peace" in schools. 

Leader of pit rebels’ 
union to stand down 

By Craig Seton 

The Union of Democratic 
Mine workers (UDM) is ex- 
pected to hold an election 
before the end of the year to 
find a successor to Mr Roy 
Lynk. who is giving up his 
post as national general 

Mr Lynk. aged 53. was one 
of the founder members of the 
UDM. whose creation last 
year destroyed the power of 
the rival National Union of 
Mi no workers (NUM) in the 

East Midlands . 

Mr Lynk will remain as 
head of the large Nouingham- 
shire section of the UDM and 
is expected to be a candidate 
to replace Mr Ken Toon, the 

new union's president, who 
retires soon. Earlier this year 
Mr Lynk underwent stomach 
surgery and made it clear that 
he would be happy to hand 
over to a new general 

The union claims a 
membership of 35.000 men. 
but its new general secretary- 
will face a big task in prevent- 
ing detections back to the 
NUM. which are now thought 
to number several thousands. 

Study on blind 

A national survey into the 
needs of visually handicapped 
people is to be’ made by the 
Royal National Institute for 
the Blind. 



- rarmusculorpcin 
tain bago. seiches.- 
^isprainsondS:- 2 

Back strain, a touch of stiffness, a 
pulled muscle or the effect of lumbago 
or sciatica can all be unpleasantly 

PR Spray is the really quick and 
effective way to relieve that pain. 

Unlike most other pain relief sprays, 
PR Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 
professional trainers attending injuries. 

PR Spray which is odourless, rapidly 
lowers die temperature of the skin over 
the painful area, and so freezes pain 
out - quickly and effectively 



The huge Soviet freighter, the An 
established a world record by lift! 

the Antonov 124, which last year 



170 tons to an altitude of more chan 35,000 'feet at the 
Farn borough Air Show yesterday, and (right) Mr Yang 
Zhongquan and Mr Ym Lee with a model of a new single-en- 
gine attack aircraft which China is planning to 
marketPhotograp hs: Peter Trievnor 

Paris backs UK 
airbus role 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Airbus Industrie said yes- 
terday it had full confidence in 
future British participation in 
the £1.6 billion programme to 
produce the next two long- 
range airbus airliners, in the 
early 1990s. 

M Jean Pierson, the French 
president of Airbus, said on 
the opening day of the 
Fam borough International 
Air Show ihai the four part- 
ners in the consortium — 

France. West Germany, Brit- 
ain and Spain - were “all 
continuing to be supportive to 
the airbus development pro- 
gramme and have committed 
the resources to protect the 
progress of the programme.” 

British Aerospace, which 
has a 20 per cent stake in 
Airbus and produces wings for 
the consortium, was “fully 
responsive” to the latest strat- 
egy. M Pierson said. 

His remarks follow reports 
last week that Britain was at 
the point of pulling out of the 
airbus project because the 
Government preferred to 
place available fends with the 

European space 
rather than in 

BAe is expected to seek 
substantial state launch aid for 
its share in the production of 
the next airbuses — the A3 30 
and A340 long-range aircraft 
which Airbus says are vital to 
complete the family of air- 
liners and provide a credible 
competition to the United 
States' Boeing. 

Sir Austin Pearce, chairman 
of BAe, also denied reports 
that the Government was 
about to pull out of Airbus. It 
was “fully committed" to the 

The company had put up all 
the money for the develop- 
ment of the first two airbuses, 
the A300 and A3 10, and 50 
per cent of the A3 20, the 1 50- 
seat airliner due to fly in 1988. 

Airbus said that to date it 
had sold 408 airbuses and had 
enough orders to cover two 
years' production. Firm or- 
ders for the A320 totalled 134 
with 1 33 options, placed by 1 2 

Westland takes orders 
of £70m for Sea Kings 

Westland Helicopters an- 
nounced orders for Sea King 
helicopters worth about £70 
million yesterday, the first day 
of the Farn borough Air Show 
(Rodney Cowton writes). . 

Although negotiations are 
not yet completed, eight of the 
helicopters are to be ordered 
by the Ministry of Defence, at 
a cost of about £50 million. 

Of this total value, up to £30 
million will go to Westland, 
the beleaguered Yeovil com- 
v which is faring a short- 
fall 'in its order book until the 
Anglo-Italian EH 101 naval 
helicopter goes into produc- 
tion at the end of the decade. 

The Sea Kings to be ordered 
have improved radar and 
weapons-carrying capacity. 

The Indian Navy has or- 
dered three more Sea Kings at 
a cost, including spares, of £21 
million. These are in addition 
to an earlier order for three 

which are now under con- 

Westland bas now sold 
more than 330 Sea Kings 
including more than 160 to 
the British Armed Forces. 

The company also could 
benefit in the long run from a 
memorandum of understand- 
ing due to be signed within the 
next week or two for a 
feasibility study on a military 
light-attack helicopter. 

The study would be a 
collaborative venture by 
Spain, The Netherlands. Brit- 
ain and Italy, and the 
memorandum of understand- 
ing is to be signed at govern- 
ment leveL 

The signing of it would 
constitute further evidence 
that the rescue package agreed 
earlier in the year with the 
Sikorsky company of the 
United Slates will not shut out 
Westland from involvement 
in European collaborative 

gold for 
chess men 

Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 

Gary' Kasparov and Anatoly 
Karpov each received two 
bags of Victorian gold sov- 
ereigns for their brilliant draw 
in game 1 1 during the close of 
the London section of the 
World Chess championship at 
the Park Lane Hotel. 

A special prize of £10.000 
had been offered by’ Save and 
Prosper for the most brilliant 
game. England's Olympic 
number one. Tony Miles, 
chairman of the judging 
committee, announced at 
Saturday's presentation that 
the prize was to be shared. 

Mr James Callaghan, the 
former Prime Minister. 
said:“Shakespeare is not al- 
ways right.'' 

Quoting Julius Caesar, Act 
3 Scene II: “The evil that men 
do lives after them, the good is 
oft interred with their bones’*, 
he pointed out that it was only 
a substantia] donation by the 
now defunct GLC which had 
permitted the great match to 
come about. 

World champion- Gary 
Kasparov said that it had been 
the most professionally or- 
ganized event. 

Alter 12 games Kasparov 
leads by two wins to one with 
nine draws. 

Victory in the match goes to 
the player who first scores six 
wins of 12’* points. 

But Kasparov will retain his 
title of world champion if the 
match is tied at 12-11 

Game 13 starts in Lenin- 
grad on Wednesday. Inter- 
national Master Bob Wade, of 
England, will form part of the 
panel of arbiters. 

The Times will be reporting 
directly from Leningrad. Its 
commentary room, where 
games are explained by lead- 
ing international masters and 
grandmasters, will open on 
Wednesday at 2pra at tile 
Great Eastern HoteL Liver- 
pool Street, central London. 

Aids go 
on science 

The hazards of food ad- 
ditives. the risk to the whole of 
northern Europe from fall-out 
from the Chernobyl nuclear 
accident and the prospects for 
a vaccine against Aids and 
tumours are among the sub- 
jects for the annual meeting of 
the British Association for 
Advancement of Science, 
which starts today in Bristol 
(Pearce Wright, Science Edi- 
tor. writes). 

More than 4.000 scientists, 
industrialists, teachers, stu- 
dents and public servants are 
expected to hear the latest 
results of research in more 
than 250 papers, presented in 
the next five days. 

Nato’s frigate strategy: 1 

Decision time for a design 

Nato has embarked on one of its most ambitious collaborative 
programmes, with eight nations trying to agree on a 
standardized frigate. Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent, 
in the first of two articles, looks at the progress and the problems 

Eight Nato nations, includ- 
ing Britain, are entering a 
critical phase in one of the 
most complex projects ever 
undertaken by the alliance. 
They are trying to reach 
agreement on a standard frig- 
ate of which 50 or more could 
be built at a cost of about 
£725 billion. 

Although initial discussions 
began in 1979, die project is 
only now approaching the 
make or break stage. In the 
next six months the nations 
will be trying to agree on the 
basis on which they can move 
to the next key phase, project 
definition, in which des^ns 
will be worked out in much 
greater defail than so far, and 
arrangements for determining 
work shares will be devised. 

What makes the project so 
complex is the nnmber of 
nations involved, the United 
States, Canada, Britain, 
TheNetherlands, France, 
West Germany, Spain and 
Italy, aO with differing 
requirements. At one stage 
Belgium and Norway were 
also included, but they have 
dropped out. 

A remarkable feature for a 
project Involving so many 

nations is that the Nato frigate 
has maintained an excep- 
tionally low public profile, in 
marked contrast to the frantic 
political activity which sur- 
rounded the birth of the 
Eenofighter. \ 

So far ministerial involve- 
ment has been fronted and 
when, in February, a team 
went round briefing ministers, 
there was ranch comment in 
other Nato capitals about the 
apparently off-hand attitude of 
British ministers. That will 
have to change if the project is 
to be brought to fruition, 
because there are formidable 
difficulties to be overcome. 

A memorandum of under- 
standing is being drawn np 
which, if agreed, iriQ provide 
die basis for the next phase of 
activity. The memonmdmn is 
said already to be in its tenth 

Frigates have to be capable 
of a variety of roles, but each 
dass has a particular empha- 
sis on one role. Here there are 
important divisions among the 
eight nations. 

Most of them want to 
maximize the anti-submarine 
warfare capability, whereas 
Britain, France and The 

Netherlands are understood to 
want a vessel which will 
provide an effective defence 
not only for itselft but also for 
other ships, against attack by 
aircraft and airborne missiles. 

One difficulty will be to 
accommodate these dif- 
ferences of emphasis, which 
imply important differences in 
weapons systems, within a 
single design of ship. 

A feasibility study com- 
pleted last autumn concluded 
that about 80 per cent of die 
likely variations in equipment 
which the nations would seek 
could be accommodated in a 
standard hull design. 

Another issue to be con- 
fronted is that of cost. The 
feasibility study did not have a 
cost target to work to, and the 
rese l ls produced are thonght 
to suggest a frigate costing 
£179 nriUioii-£18u million. 

Britain is now insisting that 
a firm target price should be 
set for the next phase, aud it 
seems to have in mind about 
£130 million, which is roughly 
tiie cost of one of Royal Navy’s 
current Type-22 frigates. 

The outline designs so far 
produced suggest a ship which 
conld be np to 5,000 tons. 

If a target cost in line with 
British thinking were adopted 
it would be likely to force 
reductions in tire size of the 
huEL Tomorrow: Industrial 

Talks over 
in Ci vil 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Treasury officials will be 
holding informal talks this 
week with representatives 
from nine Civil Service 
unions at the TUC Congress 
in Brighton on # ways of 
restructuring salaries to the 
advantage of skilled employ- 
ees in competitive areas. 

The Treasury said yesterday 
that the changes were needed 
to match the “more complex 
recruitment patterns” in the 
private sector. 

Among the proposed mod- 
ifications will be an attempt to 
redress the imbalance which 
exists between Civil Servants 
in high-employment areas, 
such as the South-east of 
England, and areas in the 
North where the cost of living 
is lower and recruitment made 
easier because of the de- 
pressed job market. 

The Civil Service has al- 
ready been affected in several 
areas by the defection of 
employees to the private sec- 
tor. In particular, the business 
community has preyed on 
scientists working for the 
Government, tax inspectors 
and senior administrators. 

The Treasury has adjusted 
salary levels to make the 
government jobs more com- 
petitive. but an entire 
rationalization from typists to 
permanent under secretaries is 
now required. 

The Civil Service operates 
on a two-tier system, one for 
inner London, the other fra- all 
areas outside the capitaL But 
the Treasury wants the system 
to be diversified in line with 
market forces. 

A Treasury spokesman 
emphasized that this week's 
discussions were still “very 
informal and exploratory". 

The proposals would not 
mean any more money being 
spent on salaries, but a better 
redistribution of the existing 

A hostile reaction is ex- 
pected from union leaders io 
the proposed reforms, which 
run contrary to the traditional 
union stand that employees 
doing the same job should be 
paid the same salaries, regard- 
less of regional differences. 

The government proposals, 
if implemented, would also 
threaten the existing system of 
collective bargaining, as Civil 
Servants would receive dif- 
ferent pay increases depend- 
ing on the type and location of 
their work. 

Mr Tony Christopher, the 
general secretary of the Inland 
Revenue Staff Federation, has 
suggested a compromise solu- 
tion where employees Would 
receive supplementary allow- 
ances depending on which 
area of the country they 
worked in. 

The Treasury admitted that 
dividing the country into 
boundaries for the purpose of 
salary indexing could “cause 

But there was still room for 
manoeuvre in the coming 
months before the talks were 
formalized, it said. 

Ml L 

Van driver among 22 
in crossword final 

By John Grant, Crossword Editor 
Youth Is no bar to success in Mr Henry Blanco White, 

the Collins Dictionaries/ The 
limes Crossword Champion- 
ship. Of the 22 contestants in 
the national final next Sunday, 
three are aged under 30, and 
one, Mr David Armitage, this 
year's London A champion, is 
only 21. 

Mr Armitage, who was born 
in Stockport and educated at 
Stockport Grammar School, 
bas just finished reading En- 
glish at & Catharine's Col- 
lege, Cambridge. 

He has been entering the 
championship since the age of 

The other two are Mr G P 
noway, aged 25, a van driver 
from Blackburn, who read 
electronic engineering at Lon- 
don University, who tied for 
first place at the Leeds final 
but lost the tie-breaker, and 

London patent agent, aged 29. 

Dr John Sykes, the Oxford 
lexicographer who won the 
championship last year for the 
eighth time, is following his 
practice of not competing In 
alternate years to give others a 

There are, however, two 
other former national cham- 
pions in the field, Mr Terence 
GinUestone (1984), the cur- 
rent Bristol champion, and Mr 
Tony Sever (1981). 

The final will be held at the 
Park Lane Hotel, London, on 
September 7. There is room 
for up to 300 spectators at £2 a 
head (booking not necessary). 

Mr William McLeod, 
managing editor of Collins 
Dictionaries, will introduce 
the new edition of Collins 
English Dictionary at 12 noon. 
The final starts at 1230pm. 

Scargill’s strike stand 
attacked in document 

By Tim Jones 

A document being prepared 
by the Scottish Communist 
Party is set to widen the rift 
between Mr Arthur Scaigill, 
the mineworkers’ union trad- 
er. and Mr Michael McGahey, 
his deputy. 

For the document, which 
has the backing of Mr 
McGahey, a prominent mem- 
ber of the Communist Party, is 
critical of the way in which the 
year-long miners' strike was 
handled. By implication, the 
document is an attack on Mr 
Scargjll and his inflexible 
stewardship of the strike. 

When the strike started, the 
two men were as one but as it 
progressed with increased 
hardship to the members. Mr 
McGahey was thought to be- 
lieve that opportunities for an 
honourable settlement were 
lost because of Mr ScaigUI's 

on an all-out 


Mr McGahey, an experi- 
enced negotiator, is a 
matist. whereas Mr 
during the strike, was per- 
ceived even by his own rank 
and file as being too dogmatic. 

An example of that came at 
the annual conference of the 
union earlier this year when 
Mr Scargill exhorted strike- 
weary delegates to prepare 
again for industrial action. His 
appeal was heard in silence. 

At the same conference. Mr 
Scargill launched an attack on 
the press, claiming that if ft 
ever praised the union he 
would know he was doing 
something wrong. 

In stark contrast, Mr 
McGahey placated the press 
saying: “We need you.” 

Ulster integration 

Classrooms bridge religious divide 

By Richard Ford 

Tn five mobile classrooms 89 
children will sit together this 
morning fulfilling an ambition 
that has defeated many an 
idealist In the divided commu- 
nity of Northern Ireland, the 
first integrated Protestant-Ro- 
man Catholic school founded 
outside Belfast 
Undaunted by sectarian ten- 
sion. which is higher than at 
any tune since the present 
troubles began, the small 
group of parents in Newcastle, 
Co Down, have within 12 
months seen a general idea 
become reality. An intake of 
67 children, balanced between 
the two religions, will start at 
the primary school with an- 
other 22 in the nursery, which 
already has a waiting list 
Mr John Kidd has taken his 
daughter. Phoebe, aged six. 
from a state school. He said: 
“The divisions in this 
stem from a very early age j 
education is one of the dividing 
factors. We want the children 
to come together, not to down- 

grade or diminish their own 
background, hot so they 
understand each other better. 
There are a lot of things yon 
cannot do in the ghetto areas 
but this has to start some- 
where and where better than in 
a mixed community." 

Like the organizers behind 
four other integrated primary 
and secondary schools around 
Belfast, local fund-raising, to- 
gether with generous dona- 
tions from unnamed British- 
based trusts, has helped 
provide £100,000 to hunch the 
project Teaching staff have 
taken a drop in salary to join 
the aptly-named All Children 
Primary School and the par- 
ent motivation behind the idea 
has led to mothers and fathers 
being deeply involved in help- 
ing prepare for the start of 

The religions mix of both 
staff and pnpQs is carefully 
controlled, ensuring it remains 
at about fifty-fifty, and to 
attract the widest possible 
social mix, it is a mo-fee- 

paying operation. For Mary 
MacDermott, a Roman Catho- 
lic living in a 90 per cent 
nationalist village, the school 
will eventually provide her two 
children with the opportunity 

to mix with Protestants. 

“The local school can pro- 
vide the academic start to life 
but I wanted something more. 
! want the children to mix with 
other religions, as where we 
live it Is very rare for than ever 
to meet Protestants. I don't 
think it will make much 
difference in the early years 
but I hope ft will in their teens 
and adult life," she said. 

In a province where 95 per 
cent of children are educated 
along deno min ational tines in 
schools in which both Prot- 
estant and Roman Catholic 
clergy wish to exert their 
influence, pioneers in inte- 
grated education have pro- 
ceeded with tact and 
diplomacy. Miss Joanna Mc- 
Kenna, of the All Children 
Together movement, said: 
“We are not in the bosmess of 

confronting anybody. We want 
to provide a good education 
and hope by the fruits of our 
work people may consider os 
as an alternative. We would 
love more church support bat 
we appreciated it would take a 

long time." 

have had to contend 
with suspicions that they cater 
for the middle-class, whose 
chil dren faile d the Il-plns, 
with motterings that they were 
seadar, and that, as that rarity 
in the province, all-ability 
schools, their academic stan- 
dards were inferior. The 
schools insist they provide 
Christian-based education 
with shared assemblies, 
comparative study of religions 
and denominational classes. 

Although the Roman Catho- 
lic, church has refused its 
official imprimatur. Dr Cabal 
Daly, the Bishop of Down and 
Connor, has told priests to 
deal sympathetically with 
families whose children have 
opted out of the Roman Catho- 
lic system. 

Group tipped 
to win rights 
to film racing 

A group called Satellite 
Racing Development (SRD) is 
expected to win a contract for 
exclusive rights to film racing 
for the “punters” in Britain’s 
10.000 betting shops. 

The group, headed by a 
combine of Ladbroke. Wil- 
liam Hill, Coral and Mecca, 
the four big bookmakers, is 
thought to have signed a 
£26 million deal with British 

.Racing and Sports Tele- 
vision, a body comprising 
Extel. GEC and Cable & 
Wireless, had been the 
favourite to obtain the con- 
tract. but it is believed to be 
unable to match SRD’s 
£25 million offer to the Race- 
course Owners Association 
(ROA). which represents 59 
tracks in Britain. 

Apart from the inducement 
of the extra money, SRD is 
also thought to have offered 
the ROA editorial control. 
This is to allay fears that the 
new company might even- 
tually obtain a monopoly over 
information given to backers. 

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i 1 1986 


oaDies in mix-up go to 
rightful mothers after 
hlood and tissue tests 

boys » the 
insn hospital identity mix-up 

Sc? th® arm s of their 
rightful mothers yesterday af- 
ter five days of confusion and 

The women were finally 
persuaded to exchange the 10- 
aay-old infants after extensive 
blood and tissue tests were 
earned out and analysed by 

The emotional handover 
took place at lam in 
Portlaoise General Hospital, 
Co Leix, after the scientific 
evidence was accepted by all 
four parents. 

After the name tags of the 
babies were accidentally 
switched, one of die mothers, 
Mrs M, left hospital, .refusing 
to surrender the infant she 
believed to be hers, because it 
had “her husband's nose and 
family features". 

The other couple, obtained 
a writ of habeas corpus from 
the Irish High Court last 
Thursday to prevent the baby 
they believed to be theirs from 
being moved away. 

Before the court order was 
served, Mrs M returned the 
baby to the Portlaoise hos- 
pital because it had jaundice. 

Blood and tissue samples 
from the babies, born within 
10 minutes of each other in 

the hospital on August 21, 
were analysed along with simi- 
lar samples from the four 
parents by specialists' at the 
National Blood Transfusion 
Service laboratory in Dublin. 

The tests involved a sim- 
plified version of the analyses 
carried out in seeking to 
match donor organs to pa- 
tients in transplant opera- 
tions. Laboratory techniques 
showed that a tiny droplet of 
blood from each baby would 
mix more easily in a special 
culture with a droplet from 
their parents. 

Mr M said yesterday: “My 
wife is still very upset. After 
all the other baby was her 
whole life for 10 days. She has 
accepted now that there was a 

“But she still finds It diffi- 
cult to accept that the baby 
born to her is really ours. She 
win be staying in hospital for 
another couple of days trying 
to accept the baby.” 

The father said that the 
other mother, Mrs B, sus- 
pected something was wrong 
the day after tbe children were 
bom. Both women were 
breast-feeding and after the 
second feed. Mis B 
fell the baby was lighter than 
at the first feed. 

Tbe switch of name tags on 
the babies 1 cots was realiz 
when doctors noticed d& 
crepancies between the actual 
weights of the babies and the 
weights indicated on tbe 
identification labels. 

Mr Denis Docherty, chief 
executive officer of the Mid- 
land Health Board in Ireland, 
said: “We have been totally 
occupied over the past few 
days with removing any doubt 
from tbe parents 1 minds. We 
have not been concerned with 
investigating bow the problem 
origi oared. 

“The parents were our 
prime concern, and now that 
we have allayed their doubts 
and fears conclusively, we wifi 
turn to look at how the matter 

The National Blood 
Transfusion Serice in Dublin 
would not discuss the tests. 
However, a spokesman for the 
UK Transplant Centre's na- 
tional tissue typing lab- 
oratories in Bristol said: “It 
would have been straight- 
forward ,to establish which 
child's blood group was most 
compatible with which in- 
dividual parent's blood, and 
to see which blood cells re- 
jected those from non- 

Marriage council 
director to leave 

By a Staff Reporter 

Mr Nicholas Tyndall, 
£25,000 a year director of the 
Marriage Guidance Council 
is leaving when his contract 
runs out next month. 

His departure after 18 years 
with the council was con- 
firmed last night on the eve of 
publication today of a report 
that recommends the appoint- 
ment of a new director and 
management team. All exist- 
ing management staff at head 
office should reapply for their 
own jobs, the report says. 

Mr Tyndall aged 58, said 
his departure by mutual agree- 
ment was “painful but nec- 
essary. like many marriages 
our relationship.has reached a 
critical point of review ” 

The report, by Coopers and 
Lybrand, the accountants, 
says the stresses and demands 
of modem living have driven 
the council almost to breaking 
point ' " * 

The report issues* warning 
that unless the organization is 
radically reorganized its ihv 
vices will have to be cut to 
cope with a spiralling six- 
figure deficit at its national 
training centre at Rugby. 

Mrs Mary Wilson, chair- 
man of the national executive, 
said last night that although 
the report advocated the “big- 
gest shake-up seen in the 
history of the service” she 
believed it would be endorsed 
in a national consultation 
culminating at its annual gen- 
eral meeting on October 1 1. 

Mrs Wilson said the 
council's immediate financial 
difficulties could be sur- 
mounted if the Government 
would double its grant 
“We know that is unlikely. 
We accept we are going to 

have to take a different ap- 
proach to fund-raising. I see us 
approaching industry, char- 
itable trusts and institutions 
and taking a more pro- 
fessional line,” she said. 

Mrs Wilson said the 
council's work became 
increasingly important as 
marriage simultaneously be- 
came more popular and more 
difficult because of social 

The council's 1,700 volun- 
teer counsellors are so over- 
burdened with a workload 
which has doubled in the past 
20 years that waiting times fbr 
couples in crisis have grown to 
six weeks nationally and up to 
three months in the larger 

The council's IS8 local 
branches handled 42,000 new 
cases last year, an increase of 
16 percent during the past five 
wars, yet its £900,000 giant ! 
from the Home. Office has 
only risen in line with infla- 
tion since 1979. 

The consultants 1 investiga- 
tion was demanded by the 
branch delegates at a special 
general meeting in March 
when they rebelled against a 
head office demand for a 40 
per cent increase in their 
affiliation 'contributions to 
meet rising costs. 

Now Coopers and Lybrand 
is recommending -that central 
management of the brandies 
should be tightened. . _ 

“The council has recognized 
that the structure under which 
we have operated for the past 
20 years is now not appro- 
priate for rite demands that are 
placed on us,” Mrs Wilson 
said. “It is creaking at the 

Pupil’s 11 A grades 

:- ing I got u — ' 

A garage owner’s son from 
Cromer in Norfolk who has 
recorded 1 1 grade A passes at 
O level says it is all due to 
excellent teaching in English 

Nick O'Shea, aged 16, was 
bom in Canada and went to 
two schools in Toronto before 
his family returned to take 
over a garage business seven 
years ago. 

“It was coming to Cromer 
which really did it,". be said 
yesteiday.“The teaching and 

tramine I sot here was 

He passed O levels in 
mathematics, statistics and 
music when he was 14 and has 
now added English literature, 
French, German, chemistry, 
physics, biology, history and 
English language. 

“To be honest I expected 
good results, because I had 
worked hard and had been 
well taught." he said. He took 
his examinations- while at 
Cromer High School 

Lotus cars 
to stay 
in Britain 

The sports car firm, Lotus, 
based at Hethel near Nor- 
wich, and employing 600 peo- 
ple, is to stay in Norfolk. 

Mr Alan Curtis, the com- 
pany rharnnan, made the 
announcement yesterday. 

“The company confirms it 
will be retaining its head- 
quarters and high technology 
engineering consultancy based 
at Hethel” he said. 

Lotus last week held talks 
with the Dutch government 
about a possible move to The 
Netherlands, which makes 
12 % per cent tax grants to 
companies setting np in their 

Bus runs into 
crossing rails 

The driver and 14 pas- 
sengers in a Northern General 
Transport double-deck bus 
escaped, injury .on Saturday 
night when the - vehicle 
smashed through safety ter- 
riers at a railway level crossing 
at East Bokfon, Tyne and 

British Rail British Trans- 
port and the police will all 
hold inquiries into the 

Exports boost 
for Coventry 

Left-hand drive vehicles for 
export begin rolling off 
Peugeot-Talbofs production 
line at Ryton, Coventry, to- 
morrow, and could mean 
hundreds more jobs at the 
plant by next year. The 
French-owned company plans 
to build, about 8,500 Peugeot 
309s to go for sale in Holland, 
Belgium and West Germany. 

Circles riddle 
in wheat fields 

Experts cannot decide 
whether whirlwind, religious 
rite or hoax caused a ninth 
circle of flattened wheat found 
yesterday in the middle of a 
field in Hampshire. 

The mysterious 42ft-diam- 
eter circle was at Froxfield 
Green, near Petersfield. Oth- 
ers were found in a field near 
Winchester and the Devil's 
Punch Bowl in Surrey. 


alley’ for 
BR drivers 

Train drivers are reforing lo 
ride through the 
stretch to S.lverwwd rtUW 

near Rothertanuwrthort rad- 


m ss&ss+* 


fShtly bombarded *Jh 
<wU«bkh smash 

"SSm beliere th at leg 

JSi be manned or kaij* , 
Each week a special 
•Nmeeper" tram has to dean 
upTum^track to avoid the nsb 
of derailment- 

Fencing define 



taken court action, urn me 

police in the cao. 

Most drivers admit to 
speeding in towns 

More than half of British in spite of evidence that 
drivers admit that they break road deaths and usuries have 
speed limits in built-up areas, decreased, the poll indicates 
but only a minority on motor- that more than 40 per cent trf 
ways, white spading in towns those questioned said they had 
is the main complaint from been in an accident at some 
pedestrians, according to a time, compared with 23 per 
survey published today. cent in. 1 966. 

A total of 58 per cent of The main complaints by 
drivers said they had exceeded drivers were: 
the limit in towns, while 47 • Other drivers failing to 
per cent admitted to speeding indicate (52%). 
on motorways. # Lack of courtesy (46%X 

Those were some of the •Queue-jumping in traffic 
main findings in a Gallup POD jams(42%). 
for General Accident, the •Drivers cutting into a 
motor insurance company, stream of traffic (41%). 
involving a sample of more The main complaints from 
than 1.000 people throughout pedestrians were: 

Britain. •Drivers going too fesi in 

six out of 10 drivers bebeve • Fatting to indicate (60%). 
driving standards are deten- • Not stopping at pedestrian 
orating, but nearly 60 per cent crossings (51%). . . 
of those questioned still con- * « vim aim# in nedes- 

sider their driving, to be 
“above average” 

Mr Tom Roberts, UK gen- 

• Not giving way to pedes- 
trians when turning into side 
roads (51%). 

Mr mm wwwm i°T 

eral manager of General Ac- 
cident. said drivers should 
adopt a “much less com- 
placent attitude”. _ 

He added:“It is simply not 
good enough to blame the 
r., -rh» cnlutton lies m 

The poll also shows very 
few people believe women are 
more likely to cause acridents- 
6 per cent-while many more 
think younger and older driv- 
ers are the most dangerous. 

eood enough to wame me ~ , %T. 

ftiher cuv The solution lies in About 23 per cent of drivers 
the hands of Britain's road admitted driving after a cou- 
users. who must adopt a much pie of drinks, but only 5 per 
more nositive attitude to road cent said they bad driven 
*U«.I " -when over- the nmit. 


John Mortimer, writer of Paradise Postponed, talking to Sir Michael Hordern, who takes a 
leading part at a Thames TV garden party yesterday (Photograph: Paul Lovelace). 

Inquiry call on jail torture 

By Pete: Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The Prison Reform Trust is 
w r i ting to Mr Christopher 
Train, director general of the 
Prison Service, demanding an 
inquiry about cases of torture 
at Winchester Prison. 

The inddents were referred 
to during two recent coart 

Mr Stephen Shaw, the 
trust’s director, said that is 
other establishments there 
were known to be attacks and 
bullying: “When young people 
are locked iq> in cells together 
for long periods of the day, yon 
are playing with fire.” 

A physically under-devel- 
oped youth of 18 was tortured 
by his three cellmates -two of 
them rapists - in the 
offenders' remand wing 
Winchester prison. 

Mr Jostke Tudor Evans 
told Winchester Crown Court 
on Jdy 18 that the incident 
was the worst of actual bodily 
harm that he bad come across. 

The victim, a youth, was 
said to have been beaten black 
and Mae all over, subjected to 
“considerable indignities”, 
and strangled until he almost 

The “torture”, as Mr Jus- 
tice Tador Evans called It, was 

air safety 

By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

Air travel has been remark- 
ably safe tills holiday season, 
especially in comparison with 
the summ er of 1985. 

. Preliminary records show 
that in June, July and Angasrt 
62 people were kOied in airline 
accidents this year compared 
with mine than 1,000 in the 
same period last year. 

In Britain there was one 
fatality — the pilot of a small 
Scottish airliner which 
crashed in Islay — compared 
with 54 deaths in the British 
Antonis take-off fire in An- 

Air safety experts are relnc- 
tant to give a particular reason 
for this year's excellent record 
such as tighter controls after 
the shattering experiences of 

On the coHtraxy,tbe Civil 
Aviation Authority believes 
that whatever steps are taken 
to maintain and improve 
safety, statistical results are 
bound to vary from one year to 

Potentially hazardous in- 
cidents did occur this summer 
but in most cases passe ng e r s 
were unhurt. 

Tbe main accidents from 
last year and this were: 


June: Air India 
crashed in Atlantic 

July: 81 kfflediu DC6 crash in 

Augusts 134 killed when Delta 
TriStar crashed on landing at 
Dallas; 520 killed when Japan 
Airlines jumbo jet hit mom- 
tain in Japan? 54 killed- in 
British Airtours take-off fire 
at Manchester. 


June: Loganair Twin Otter hit 
hill while landing in Islay. 
Pilot kOied; 26 killed when 
beficqpter and Twin Otter 
collided over Grand Canyon; 
20 killed in Air Sinai crash on 
landing in sandstorm in Cairo. 

July: Air Inter Airbus forced 
back after hitting w> g nll $ 
while taking off from Nice. No 

August; Pan Am 747 retu rned 
to Heathrow with engine trou- 
ble on San Francisco flight. 
No me hurt; 15 lulled when 
Uat Twin crash-tended oa St 
Vincent, Caribbean. 

The excellent summer 
record rounded off a generally 
safe first half of 1986- There 
were 12 fetal airline accide nts 
worldwide equalling the record 
low figure of 1984. * 

described when the three 
youths, afi aged 18, admitted 

ranging artwal hndily harm to 
another youth on February II, 
12 and 13 this year. 

The four youths were on 
remand accused of offences 
which made than liable to 
violence from others, the hear- 
ing was toM. 

They were all entitled undo: 
Home Office Rale 43 to be 
kept la solitary confinement 
for their own safety, but were 
pnt together in a single dormi- 
tory because of lack of 

Mr Justice Tudor Evans 
called Mr John GranriDe, 
assistant governor of Win- 
chester prfcs®, who is in 
charge of the young offenders' 
wing, before him to explain 
why the victim was not pro- 
tected by segregation. 

Mr Granville said that the 
young offenders' wing ideally 
housed 105 youths bat at times 
contained 130. There was no 

single-cell accommodation. 

The other case was referred 
to dnring a trial at Winchester 
Crown Court on August 18. 
Three youths detained in the 
overcrowded remand wing of 
Winchester prison tortured a 

youth of 17 for 24 hoars while 
he shared their cefl. 

His spleen was ruptmed and 
his fife endangered, and he 
had to undergo surgery. 

Judge Lewis . McCreery 
questioned a prison officer in 
court and was told of the 
remand wing for young pris- 
oners: “The wing was built to 
a ffnmmyliite some 60 de- 
tainees, bat today we have 110 
in the bafldmg and there is do 
single cell accommodation.” 

The Prison Department 
said: “We do take all reason- 
able precautions to protect 
iMimfgft who may be at risk 
from other prisoners.” 

• Delays of np to four months 
in releasing prisoners on pa- 
role are canring increased 
tension in jails, probation 
officers tell the Home Office in 
a letter today. 

The National Association of 
Probation Officers urges Lord 
Glenarthnr, the Home Office 
mimster, to allocate more staff 
to the parole unit to speed up 

Tbe Parole Board had 
admitted in June, in its annual 
report, that there were 

Victim of 
cancer to 
sue over 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A man with cancer, who did 
National Service on Christ- 
mas Island at the time tbe 
British Government was test- 
ing atomic weapons, is to 
brmg a lest case claiming 
compensation next month in 
the High Court. 

Tbe case could open the 
doors to compensation from 
.the Government for about 
1.000 members of the British 
Nuclear Tests Veterans 
Association, who daim to 
have developed cancer 
through being exposed to radi- 
ation during tbe A-bomb tests 
in Australia and on Christinas 
Island in the 1950s. 

Tbe man, from Bristol was 
an engineer on Christmas 
Island from 1957 to 1958. He 
now has a lymphoma, a kind 
of cancer which has been 
associated with exposure to 

But the Government is 
opposing his right to bring a 
daim on the ground it is 
barred by section 10 of the 
Crown Proceedings Act- 

Under that section, the 
Government claims, no one 
can sue it for injuries incurred 
daring time in the Armed 
Forces as a result of action by 
another member of the Armed 
Forces or government servant. 

Mr Mark Mildred, solicitor 
for the former serviceman 
who is bringing the test case, 
said that his client had ob- 
tained legal aid and that there 
was a reasonable prospect of 

The man, who is from 
Bristol but does not wish to be 
identified at this stage, is 
hoping that unlike all previous 
attempts to sue the Govern- 
ment, his case will succeed on 
the ground that the damage 
was caused by those who were 
not employed by the crown. 

The scientists performing 
the tests worked for the 
Atomic Energy Authority and 
it was not until 1973, Mr 
Mildred maintains, that that 
authority became part of the 
Ministry of Defence, by 
means of a statute. 

Mr Mildred says that all 
previous attempts to bring 
compensation claims in simi- 
lar circumstances have failed 
in the face of the Crown 
Proceedings Act But at the 
very least, the proceedings 
would highlight the “gross 
unfairness” of this section of 
the Act.” . . 

— ^told— 

Two share 
£8,000 win 
that was 
well timed 

Mr Michael Browne, of 
Newark, Nottinghamshire, 
and Mr Samuel Costello, of 
Farnley, Leeds, share Sat- 
urday's £8,000 Portfolio GoM 

For Mr Browne, aged 68, a 
retired engineering company 
site clerk, tire win came with 
perfect timing as he was 
celebrating his ninth wedding 
anniversary on Saturday. 

Mr Browne and his wife 
Kathleen, aged 70, celebrated 
the win with an evening oat. 
“We went out and hod some 
champers with the family,” he 


“I have been doing Portfolio 
since it first started and the 
family was always asking me 
why I bothered bat I say 
there's a first rime for every- 
thing, and sure enough it 

Mr Costello, aged 62, a 
construction worker, is plan- 
ning to use his money to take 
his wife, Olive, on holiday to 
tbe sooth of France. 

“She bad a triple heart by- 
pass operation last November 
and she deserves a good 
holiday. This win is absolutely 

Adopted son . 
is ordered to ■ 
be deported 

A childless couple were told 
yesterday that their adopted 
sou, aged two, will be deported 
next Sunday. 

Mr Abfial KhaUq, aged 42, a 
textile worker, and his wife. 
Anwar, aged 32, of CecQ 
Avenue, Bradford, had been 
married for 16 years . 

The boy, Kharam Arad, was 
born in Pakistan to Mr 
Kbaliq's brother and wife, and 
given almost immediately to 
Mr and Mrs Khaliq for 

When they arrived in Brit- 
ain with the child in June last 
year he was given permission 
to stay for only two months. 

Appeals by lawyers and 
local MPs have failed to 
persuade the Home Office to 
allow him to stay permanently. 
. Mr Khaliq raid yesterday: 
“There seems to be nothing 
more we can do. We think it is 
both unfair and cruel” . 



are more 

than others. 

■ Scania have never been tempted to compete on 

cost alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean sacrificing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% ofSales turnover in 
research and development; we might have to cut 
a few comers. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do vvith bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we'd be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels 
True, we'd be able to offeryou a cheapertruck. But 
it would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn't last as long. And when Ihe time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn't 
be so healthy. 

Scania promise you years of low-cost operation. 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement • , 

Scania (Grea! Britain) Limited, TongweU, ^ 
Milton Keynes MK15 8HB, BuddngnamshirBL 
Tel: 0908614040. Telex: 825376. 

Scania. Building tracks, buNding reputations. 



Public right of access 
to all common land 
backed by commission 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The Countryside Commis- 
sion is to press the Govern- 
ment for legislation to provide 
a public right of access to the 
1.500.000 acres of common 
land in England and Wales. 

It has accepted all the main 
recommendations of a report 
by the Common Land Forum, 
representing 22 organizations, 
including farmers, land- 
owners. local authorities, ame- 
nity and conservation groups, 
the National Trust, the Crown 
Estate Commissioners, the 
Nature Conservancy Council 
and the Sports Counril- 

The report was adopted by 
all but one of the participants, 
the Farmers' Union of Wales, 
and is probably the most 
striking example of harmony 
yet ^achieved among bodies 
which are normally in almost 
perpetual conflict. 

The forum was set up two 
and a half years ago in 
response to concern at the lack 
of progress since the report of 
the Royal Commission on 
Common Land in 1958 and 
the passing of the Commons 
Registration Act in 1965. 

In spite of the the 
commission's recommenda- 
tion that all common land 
should be open to the public as 
of right, subject to certain 
restrictions, there is still a legal 

righi of access to about only 
one fifth of the total area. 

Common land is a relic of 
the medieval system under 
which cottagers had rights to 
graze animals, cut turf, collect 
wood and engage in other 
activities on land belonging to 
the lord of the manor. 

That which remains is 
mainly land which escaped the 
eighteenth and nineteenth 
century enclosures, although 
nearly all of it is privately 

It ranges from extensive 
upland pastures in the North 
to village greens in the South. 
It is the smaller commons 
which are considered to be in 
greatest danger from devel- 
opers where they have not 
been properly registered or. in 
some cases, specifically de- 
registered with local authority 

The forum's report recom- 
mends that five years should 
be allowed for owners, com- 
moners and local authorities 
to form management associ- 
ations and work out suitable 
management schemes. Each 
scheme would aim to balance 
the needs of agriculture, pub- 
lic access, nature conserva- 
tion. landscape and other 

After the five-year period, 
all commons should be open 

to public access on foot for 
quiet enjoyment, subject only i 
to certain essential restrictions 
for reasons of public safety, 
the preservation of sites of 
special scientific or historic 
interest, the protection of 
young trees and lambing ewes, 
or allowing vegetation to re- 
cover from erosion or over- 

Management schemes 
should not reduce existing 
legal rights of access and. if 
there are a significant number 
of objections, a public inquiry 
should be held. 

Where informal horse rid- 
ing already takes place, it 
should be allowed to continue. 
Elsewhere it would be at the 
. discretion of the management 
association. On grazing com- 
mons. dogs, other than work- 
ing sheepdogs, should be kept 
on a lead and prevented from 
disturbing birds or animals. 

The controls on building or 
fencing works should continue 
and should be applied more 
effectively. Unclaimed com- 
mon land should be vested in 
the local authority or national 
park authority. 

Local residents should have 
a legal right to use their village 
green for local sports and 
pastimes, a right which at 
present is not always dear in 


* ■ • . 

Marsden Beach, part of the stretch of coast offered to the trust 

Trust denies regional bias 

The National Trust has 
rejected strong criticisms from 
one of its own council members 
concerning the offer of a 
stretch of unspoilt coast in 
Tyne and Wear (John Young 

Dr Da rid Clark, Labour 
MP for South Shields, and an 
Opposition spokesman on the 

environment, accused the trust 
of demanding excessively 
large financial guarantees 
from the local authority for the 
upkeep of the three-mile 
stretch of difis ami beach 
between Sunderland and 
South Shields. 

Dr Clark said the trust 
showed a distinct preference 

for properties in counties such 
as Devon and Cornwall, as 
opposed to the North-east 
A trust official said tint 
negotiations were continuing 
with South Tyneside District 
Cooncfl, which was being 
asked to guarantee £20,000 a , 
year towards the cost of 
wardens. ' 


7 - 25 % 




\ E T 



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for surprisingly little money 

Invest less and earn more. That’s the surprising 
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Even a minimum £100+ merits 7-25% net pa. 

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Btrmarg m n M*t>bgcs Budding boacn . FREEPOST tt ol, ert mnptu n «V1 IBB. 

Gypsies in 
call for 
land sites 

Gypsies should be helped by 
local authorities to develop 
private sites, the National 
Gypsy Council says. 

Such help, it contends, roujd 

solve the problems caused b> 
what the council says b tae 
failure of local authorities to 
meet the provisions of the 
Caravan Sites Act 1968. 

The organization said that 
local authorities could even 
identify laud in their owner- 
ship for leasiug to families 
msMffig to set up their own 
sites. It was responding to a 1 
Department of the Environ- , 
meat consultation paper on 
gypsy policy- 

The council added that the 
policy had been a resounding 
in at feast one area 
where it bad been put into 

Department of the Environ- 
ment figures for the six 
months to July 1985 list 1,678 
caravans on private sites in 
England and Wales, compared 
with 4,008 on comtcil-nm 

The cooncfl which is based 
in Oldham, Greater Manches- 
ter, said that those showed 
that private site provision 
amounted to almost 3S per 
cent of official site provision. 

to look at 
housing in 

Lord Scarman is to pay a 
return visit to Brixton in 
south-east London this au- 
tumn to coincide with the fifth 
anniversary of his report into 
rioting (Charles Knevitt, 
Architecture Correspondent, 
writes.) _ ^ 

As president of the United 
Nations’ International Year of 
Shelter for the Homeless in 
1987, he will check progress 
on housing developments in 
the area. Poor housing con- 
ditions formed a large part of 
his report. , J 

Mr Leighton Andrews, 
director of the United Nations 
campaign in the United King- 
dom, said- The lessons of the 
Scarman report have not yet 
been learnt Housing in our 
inner cities is decaying at an 
alarming rate.” 

He said that the 
Government's inner-city pol- 
icy would be put “under the 
microscope” as pan of the 
events planned to mark the 

Lord Scarman will also 
chair the first day of the two- 
day Building Communities 
conference, at the Astoria 
Theatre in London, on 
November 27. The Prince of 
Wales will be - the main 

Writer’s comment 
on race ‘improper’ 

Sir Woodrow Wyatt is criti- 
cized by the Press Council for 
making assertions in his 
weekly column in the News of 
the World that were likely to 
pander to racial prejudice. 

The council in an adjudica- 
tion yesterday says that it was 
improper and irresponsible of 
him to characterize a substan- 
tial part of the black popula- 
tion of Britain as lawless, 
drug-taking, violent and 

To that extent it upheld a 
complaint by Mr Alan Ed- 
wards, of 30 Bridstow Place, 
London, W2, against the News 
of the World, that the news- 
paper published an irrespon- 
sible and inflammatory article 
likely to encourage racial 

In his column, “The Voice 
of Reason,” Sir Woodrow said 
Asian immigrants were gen- 
erally well behaved as were 
most of those of African 
descent, but there was a major 
problem with a large chunk of 
the latter, who were lawless, 
drug-taking and violent 

His comments were made 
in the context of the release of 
30-year-old Cabinet papers 
recording discussions about 
coloured immigration. The 

column was headlined: “Stop 
the Favours for Race." 

Responding, Sir Woodrow 
said the complaint was an 
attempt to persuade the Press 
Council to support censorship. 
The council's adjudication 

Sir Woodrow Wyatt's regular 
articles in the News of the World 
are a subjective and polemical 
column offering his personal 
views on varied subjects. 

It was not improper of him to 
devote an article to his thoughts 
on attitudes to race and im- 
migration. which are legitimate 
questions for debate. 

The general line of the article 
was that immigration policy 
from the 1950s had been mis- 
taken and that the aim should 
now be to integrate immigrants 
totally with British attitudes 
instead of encouraging them to 
stick to their own customs. Sir 
Woodrow was entitled to ad- 
vance that view. 

However, he made assertions 
aboui the consequences of im- 
migration, unsupported by ade- 
quate evidence, which were 
likely to work adversely to good 
race relations and. id pander to 
racial prejudice. The assertions 
stereotyped and characterized a 
substantial part of the black 
population of Britain as lawless, 
drug-taking, violent and 

Tree given Meningitis 
new life mass test 
in the wild campaign 

Sir Peter Scott, the natural- 
ist, is to plant a tree of a type 
extinct in the wild since 1803 
at a ceremony on September ! 
10 in the Chelsea Physic 
Garden, London, to mark the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
World Wildlife Fund. 

The tree, Franklinia Alta- 
maha Macintosh, was discov- 
ered growing alongside the 
river Aliamaha in Georgia, its 
only habitation, in 1765, and 
named after Dr Benjamin 

Franklinia was chosen for 
the planting to illustrate that 
the World Wildlife Fund is 
about preventing extinction 
and reintroducing specimens 
back to their habitat, Patricia 
Spanner, for the World Wild- 
life Fund-UK, said yesterday. 
“We are planting this tree as a 
symbol of our work.” 

Health chiefs are planning 
to test all 6.000 people in 
Stonehouse, the town at the 
centre of a meningitis epi- 
demic in Gloucestershire. 

Gloucester District Health 
Authority hopes that a mass 
swabbing of the population of 
the town, near Stroud, could 
give new dues about the 
source of the outbreak. 

Three victims of die disease 
in the area have died. The last 
was Christopher Knight, aged 
seven, of Stonehouse. 

Victim named 

The woman found mur- 
dered at her home in Tasman 
Road, Clap ham, south Lon- 
don. on Saturday was identi- 
fied yesterday as Loma Hayes, 
aged 29. 

Science report 

Male infertility clue 
found in mice tests 

By Andrew Coghlan 

I U'c enclose a cheque no. fry 

£ — (minimum deposw £100. or iWO for Hwsra acocsst 

to be im«ed m B ir m in gham Midshins Premier Access Account. 

Credited io my our Premier Access Account □ 

Paid into my our bank account by cretin transfer Q 

Paid to ok by cheque, prou^ the merest it &J0 Or Oro □ 

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We’ve got together. You’ve got to gain. 

Birmingham Midshires Building Society has been created by the merger of Birmingham and Bridgwater, and Midshires Building Societies. 

Onef lUhuumti jlui Otter PQ tea. )VW W^jmw.gQhntopiwW'l IELTU (00021 ~KriO 
iaB raernbrr .edie BnZdw([Wo»tioA»oc un omiitl tmoiow Pn w caon Scheme Anas exceed AI.MO ratUtoo. Rcktws m ocas* of iflOmtUkxi intaal rm nui wr> 

A discovery by researchers 
in the United States has shed 
important aevr light on male 
infertility, and could provide 
the basis for a core. 

Mr Osama Tsnt sum i and 
his colleagues at the National 
Institute of Health in Be- 
thesda, Maryland, have found 
that a chemical called epider- 
mal growth factor (EGF) plays 
what appears to be a key role 
in helping mice sperm mature. 

Because EGF is also pro- 
duced by humans, the 
researchers reason that it 
could play a similar role in 
man. and that nnder-p rod ac- 
tion of the chemical could lead 
to low sperm counts and 

EGF is produced in the 
moose's snb-ntandibfil&r gland 
and until now its biological 
role has been unclear. 

When the scientists re- 
moved the gland from mice, so 
cuttiM off the supply of EGF, 
they found that the levels of 
matnre sperm dropped by as 
much as 55 per amt 

But when EGF was admin- 
istered to the glandless mice, 
their sperm counts recovered 
completely, suggesting a fink 
between EGF levels ana sperm 

MrTstrtsami and colleagues 
investigated the role of EGF 

more deeply by e xamining how 
sperm at different stages of 
maturity we re affected by EGF 

Sperm are formed in three 
distinct stages, and the 
researchers found that EGF 
deficiency appeared to disrupt 
the second stage of production. 

They noted that levels of 
sperm in the first growth 
phase were abnormally high in 
mice lacking the sub-mandibu- 
lar gland. 

That, they conclude, is be- 
cause EGF, the trigger which 
appears to start the second 
phase of growth, is absent. 

Nevertheless, the research- 
es have no idea, as yet, how 
EGF activates the second 
stage of production. 

They know, however, that 
EGF is not the only tri gg er for 
sperm growth, otherwise mice 
withont the capacity to gen- 
erate it would have had a zero 
Sperm count 

The theory that some cases 
of infertility may be 
attributable to EGF deficiency 
gains ground, they add; given 
that seminal fluid samples 
taken from some human sub- 
jects show marked immuno- 
reaction against EGF. 

Source: Sconce (August 29, 
1986, vol 233. pages 975-977). 

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MOSCOW Snv rlaim 

Diplomatic bid 
to free US 
reporter after 
arrest by KGB 



From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Intensive diplomatic efforts 
are under way to try to secure 

the release from militar y 
pnson of Nicholas Daniloff 
one of the longert-serving 
Amcncan correspondents in 


««JK&5rtF r “vestigation by 
the KGB for allied spying 
after his arrest on the outskirts 
of the city on Satuniay. 

Mr Daniloff aged 52, 
correspondent lor the weekly 
magazine US News and World 
Report had less than two 

weeks of his five-and-a-half 
year a ssi g nm ent to complete 
when arrested. A fluent Rus- 
sian speaker, he was due to 
carry out a lifetime’s ambition 
in writing a book about a 
distant relative involved in 
the Decembrist uprising ag- 
ainst the Tsar in 1825 . 

The case, one of the most 
serious involving a US re- 
porter in the Soviet Union for 
a number of years, has caused 
widespread concern among 
the lai^e Western journalistic 
and diplomatic community 
based here, ft is feared that 
one intention may be to 
discourage unoficial contacts 
with ordinary Soviet citizens. 

Last night Mr DanilofTs 
wife Ruth, a British freelance 
journalist, aged 51, alleged 
that the arrest was political 
and directly linked to the 
arrest in New York of 
Gennady Zakharov, a Russian 
physicist working at the 
United Nations, who has been 
charged with spying by the US 
authorities after being seized 
on a subway platform. 

“Basically Nick is a hos- 
tage-The whole question of an 
investigation is a farce,” Mrs 
Daniloff said soon after being 
permitted her first meeting 
with her husband since his 

“There is no question of 
him bring ill-treated. Every- 
thing is being conducted very 
correctly, although in feet, 
what they are doing is 

Mrs Daniloff who has a 
sister living in Oxford, said 
that the hour-long meeting — 
which also included US con- 
sular officials — was con- 
ducted in a room attached to 
the KGB “facility” where her 
husband is being hddjn a cell 
measuring S ft by 1CL' 

She explained that he was 
being held in the cell with one- 
other prisoner who identified 
himself as a Soviet physicist 
and said he was being de- 
tained on similar accusations 
of espionage. 

“Nick was very much sub- 

dued, very much aware of the 
implications of what has 
happened,” Mrs Daniloff said 
at her home near the Imim 

“He said that he has been 
thinking a lot about his an- 
cestor, who was exiled to 
Siberia for 30 years in 1825." 

“When I asked the KGB 
investigator how long the 
investigation would last, he 
just shrugged his shoulders. I 
am afraid that it could drag on 
for months, especially as ft is 
mainly political,” Mrs 
Daniloff said. 

“I will try and remain here 
in Moscow until the matter 
has been resolved.” 

Harassment against West- 
ern reporters by the KGB has 
been a regular feature of 
journalistic life in Moscow For 
many years, but there bad 
been some hopes that it might 
be curtailed under Mr Gorba- 
chov, a much. more commu- 
nications-conscious leader 
than his predecessors. 

The seriousness of the in- 
cident was underlined yes- 
terday when the KGB issued a 
formal statement through 
Tass claiming that Mr Danfl- 
off had been arrested “as he 
was eng a ging in an act of 
espionage . 

The allegations are flatly 
rejected by Mrs Daniloff and 
by colleagues of Mr Daniloff 
who was one of the most 
respected members of Mos- 
cow’s large foreign press corps. 

Mrs Daniloff said that her 
husband said that about half a 
dozen KGB men had arrested 
him after he had met a Soviet 
firind in the Lenin Hills area 
shortly before noon on Sat- 
urday. The friend, a 27-year- 
old teacher from the central 
Asian city of Frunze had given 
him a package saying that it 
contained newspaper cuttings. 

According to the veteran 
US correspondent, who be- 
lieves that he was deliberately 
“set up" by the KGB, the 
paHcay was found to contain, 
two maps marked “secret” 
and photographs of Soviet 
militajy fealties when it was 
later opened in his presences It 
was unclear last night whether 
or not the Soviet teacher was 
also under arrest. . . - ' . 

Efforts to secure Mr Danil- 
off s freedom will increase 
today when the chairman of 
US News and World Report, 
Mr Mortimer Zuclcennan and 
its editor, Mr David Gergen 
are due to arrive in Moscow to 
lobby on behalf The US 
Embassy has already deliv- 
ered an oral protest to the 
Soviet Foreign Ministry. 

President Castro of Cuba being 
greeted by Mr Robert Mugabe, left. 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, to 
the triennial conference of the Non- 
Aligned Movement in Harare. 

His arrival coincided with a 

prediction that Cuba would with- 
draw its troops from Angola if the 
conference hastened the end of 
white rule in South Africa and 
independence for Pretoria-con- 
trolled Namibia (Reuter reports). 

Old hero 
in new 

From Robert School 

Sir Philip Sidney, who died 
400 years ago in The Nether- 
lands while helping that coun- 
try to liberate itself from 
Spanish domination, has now 
become involved In die strug- 
gle against apartheid. 

A three-day congress com- 
memorating Ms death, which 
opens tomorrow, has had to be 
moved from Zutpben where 
Sir Philip was mortally 
wotmded timings battle in the 
summer of 1586 to Leiden 
because of initial opposition by 
Zutphen’s municipal council 
to the participation of a South 
African professor. 

The council, one of the 
organizers of the commemora- 
tion, was asked for advice by 
the Dutch foreign ministry on 
whether or not to approve the 
visa application of the South 
African, Professor J. Gouws. 

The Netherlands follows a 
restricted policy in issuing 
visas to South Africans and 
have broken off all cultural 
exchanges with feat country. 

Initially the conal gave a 
negative advice but after 
receiving a letter from Profes- 
sor Gouws explaining that he 
was a firm opponent of apart- 
heid fee council changed its 
mind. By that time fee or- 
ganizers had decided to 
change the venue to Leiden. 

The municipal council of 
Zutphen did approve funds for 
commemorative exhibition 
on Sir Philip to be held there. 

Tutu warns blacks that the 
price of freedom is death 

From Michael Hornsby 
White City, Soweto 

The Right Rev Desmond 
Tutu, in an emotion-charged 
farewell appearance as the 
Anglican Bishop of Johannes- 
burg, told some 600 people in 
St Paul's Church .here yes- 
terday that blacks would be 
free but that more lives would 
be lost before that day came; 

The parish of St Paul's 
indudes the White City dis- 
trict of Soweto, where at least 
20 Macks were shot dead by 
police last Tuesday night in 
dashes provoked by threats of 
eviction for not paying rent 
Several of the bereaved fam- 
ilies were in church. 

After the service, the rector 
of St Paul's and Archdeacon of 
Johannesburg West, the Rev 
David Nkwe, said plans were 
going ahead for a mass funeral 
m Soweto on Thursday. 

Such funerals have been 

banned under the Stale of 
Emergency, or allowed only 
on condition that attendance 
is strictly limited and no 
political speeches are made. 

“We cannot go cap in hand 
to the authorities, asking for 
their permission,” Mr Nkwe 
said. “We are making our 
plans; if they want to stop it 
then they must tell the world 
they are doing so.” 

Earlier, Archbishop-elect 
Tutu, who ceased to be Bishop 
of Johannesburg from mid- 
night last night, reminded his 
congregation of the great cry 
of the souls of the slain in the 
Book of Revelations: “How 
long, O Lord, dost thou not 
judge and avenge our blood on 
them that dwell on earth?” 

The answer was that “yon 
must wait a little while yet. 
until some more of your 
sisters and brothers have been 
killed,” he said. 

“I come to assure you of 

God's love for us, and that 
despite all that the power of 
the world might do, we are 
going to be free. It will not be 
cheap. The price we have paid 
already is a heavy price. We 
are going to be called on to pay 
yet more in lives.” 

The mood of the service, 
blending High Anglican ritual 
with exuberant African songs, 
and ending with a triumphant 
rendering of the black nation- 
alist anthem, God Bless Af- 
rica, was more joyous than 

Yet the happy singing, 
backed by rhythmic thumping 
of prayer books, often con- 
cealed a bitter message. “What 
have we done? Our sin is that 
we are black,” was the refrain 
of one African chant 

Bishop Tutu will be en- 
throned on Sunday as Arch- 
bishop of Gape Town and 
head of the Anglican church in 
southern Africa. 

Sex challenge to white policeman 

Johannesburg — A young 
white security policeman de- 
tained his former lover under 
state of emergency -regulations 
and allegedly md&e sexual 
advances to another woman 
detainee, according to a report 
in The Sunday Star newspaper 
(Michael Hornsby writes). . 

The report quoted evidence 
riven .to the Grahamstown 
Supreme Court in the Eastern 
Ope last week. The court is 
hearing an application by 
seven detainees for their arrest 
to be declared invalid 

One of the detainees. Miss 
Anne Burroughs, a librarian, 
said in an affidavit that she 
and the pobpeman. Lieuten- 
ant Uoyd Edwards, -became 
lovers in 1980 when they were 
both students at Rhodes 
University in Grahamstown. 

The' relationship had even- 
tually led to a “bitter parting”. 
She had then became in- 
volved in anti-apartheid or- 
ganizations, while be had 
emerged soon after leaving 
university as a 
man in 

Because of their previous 
intimacy. Miss Burroughs 
contends that Lieutenant Ed- 
wards cannot “objectively, or 
honestly, apply his mind to 
the question as to whether or 
not my arrest and detention is 

Another of the seven de- 
tainees, Miss Karen-Leigh 
Thome, a cabaret dancer, 
alleges that Lieutenant Ed- 
wards made a sexual advance 
to her after escorting her to her 
cell after an interrogation. 

Candles on 

From Roger Boyes 

Candles flickered in chur- 
ches yesterday as Solidarity, 
the banned Polish union, quo- 
etly celebrated its sixth birth- 
day, avoiding any big con- 
frontation with the auth- 

The restrained celebrations 
— “a party held on tiptoe” in 
the words of one dissident — 
were mainly because the 
union does not want to jeop- 
ardize the release in the next 
few weeks of more than 200 
political prisoners under a 
government amnesty. 

In Gdansk, where the 1980 
agreement between Govern- 
ment and strikers gave birth to 
the Soviet bloc’s first indepen- 
dent trade union, several 
thousand people gathered 
with Mr Lech Walesa, the 
Solidarity leader, at a Mass. 

Other church services for 
the union — banned after the 
1981 military crackdown - 
were held in Cracow and 
Warsaw, where a painonc 
Mass was celebrated at the 
church of the late Sohdanw 
chaplain. Father Jerzy Poptel- 
uszko, murdered two years 
ago by secret police. 

The authorities were less 
heavy-handed than m the 
past, confining themselves to 
increased police patrols Md 
the preventive arrest of at least 
six union activists. 

The crucial question tor 
Solidarity is whether all politi- 
cal prisoners will be released 
by the expiry daw of the 
amnesty on September 15 or 
whether a few leaders, such as 
Mr Zbigniew Bujak, will be 
kept inside for trial- 

§o far Mr Bogdan Lis and 
Mr Adam Michnik are the 
only leading Solidarity ac- 
tivists to be freed. Theywere 
sentenced on lesser chajges 

than Mr Bujak and pother 
men accused to trying forcibly 
to overthrow the state. . 

According to Solidity- 
about SO out of approximately 
350 political prisoners have 
been released so for. 

After the Gdansk Mass 
yesterday, the lawyer of one 
organizer, Mr Wiaaysaw 
Fiasvniufc. expressed, concern 
about the health of his client 

Bhutto rival arrested 
on return to Pakistan 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamab a d 

Mr Ghulam Mustafa Khar, 
a former Governor of Punjab 
under the late Mr Bhutto’s 
Government, was arrested in 
Karachi on Saturday when he 
returned to Pakistan from self- . 
imposed exile in England. 

He was accompanied by his 
wife and daughter, who later 
left for Lahore while Mr Khar 
was taken to prison in 

Mr Khar, who became a 
controversial political protege 
of Mr Bhuito between 1970 
and 1977, had decided to 
return to Pakistan to help 
found a new political party in 
association with another close 
associate Of Mr Bhutto, Mr 
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, a for- 
mer Chief Minister of Sind. 

They want to displace Miss 
Benazir Bhutto, who dropped 
Mr Jatoi when she became 
leader of the Pakistan Peoples 
Party in April this year. 

Mr Khar’s arrest was 'ex- 
pected because he had been 
convicted in his absence and 
sentenced to 14 years impri- 
sonment by a military court 
during Pakistan's last period 
of martial law which ended on 
December 30 last year. 

On Saturday Mr Jatoi pre- 
sided at a convention of more 
than 1.500 political workers 
near Lahore at which a Na- 
tional Peoples Party was set 
up in opposition to the Paki- 
stan Peojpfes party. Mean- 
while, Miss Bhutto, detained 
for 30 days since mid-August 
accused of violating a govern- 
ment ban on Independence 
Day public meetings and 
demonstrations, refused to 
speak to her lawyers for the 
second time since her arrest 
because the authorities in- 
sisted on the presence of 
intelligence and jail staff at the 

Miss Helen Fair brother aged 
20, of England (above), who 
says that the secret of beauty 
is “you should always fed 
joyful”, woo fee 1986 Miss 
In t erna ti onal contest in Naga- 
sald yesterday from Miss 
Denmark. Pia Rosenberg Lar- 
sen, ami Miss Mexico, Leon 
Martha Christiana Merino. 

Quake shakes south-east Europe 

Bucharest (AP) - A strong 
earthquake rolled from the 
Carpathian mountains across 
south-east Europe yesterday, 
shaking plaster from buildings 
and causing alarm from Mos- 
cow to Naples, a distance of 
about 1,900 miles. 

No injuries were reported, 
although the official Roma- 
nian news agency said the 
tremor was one of the biggest 

of the century and measured 
6.5 on the Richter scale. 

Some Bucharest residents, 
awakened by the jolt shortly 
after midnight spent the sight 
in streets and parks. Nine 
aftershocks were registered in 
14 hours. 

The Soviet news agency 
Tass said there ted been 
casualties in Moldavia, on the 
border with Romania, bat did 

not say how many. 

Windows and television 
screens were broken as for 
away as Kishinev, capital of 
Soviet Moldavia, and Zajecar, 

Tremors were felt in 
Greece, where no damage or 
injuries were reported, and in 
Bulgaria. Electricity and tele- 
phone lines were interrupted 
briefly in Sofia. 

of detente 

From ODi Kivinen 

Finland's former president 
Urfao Kekkonen died early 
yesterday at his state residence 
in Helsinki on the eve of his 
86th birthday. 

Mr Kekkonen was Fin- 
land's dominant political 
leader for almost half a cen- 
tury and one of the best 
known Scandinavian states- 
men in this century. 

He was president from 1 956 
to 1981. Hardening of the 
arteries and accompanying 
mental disorientation forced 
him to retire and hand the 
presidency to the then Prime 
Minister, Mr Mauno Koi- 

The immediate cause of 

death was circulatory disorder 

in the brain, said his son, Mr 
Matti Kekkonen. 

Mr Kekkonen was also 
prime minister five times; He 
was first appointed a cabinet 
minister 50 years ago. 

He was the chief architect of 
the much-criticised post-war 
policy based on good relations 
with the Soviet Union to 
stabilize Finland's inter- 
national position after heavy 
losses m the Second World 

Later his foreign policy was 
accepted by all significant 
political grout 

r , page 14 

Split with 

Tripoli (Reuter) — Libya 
said yesterday that the abroga- 
tion by King Hassan of Mo- 
rocco of a unity pact between 
the two countries was illeg&L 
A statement issued by the 
People's Bureau for Foreign 
Liaison (Foreign Ministry) 
said Libya regretted the move. 

Libya and Morocco signed 
the accord in 1984. Its main 
results were a halt to Libyan 
support for Polisario guerrillas 
fighting Moroccan troops for 
control of the Western Sahara 
and an influx of about 20,000 
Moroccan workers to Libya. 

King Hassan ended it on 
Friday after Libya, in a joint 
communique with Syria, call- 
ed his meeting with Mr Shi- 
mon Peres, the Israeli Prime 
Minister, an act of treason. 

• NICOSIA: Mr Pyotr Dem- 
ichev, a Soviet Vice-President, 
has arrived in Tripoli and 
denounced US military “pro- 
vocation against the Libyan 
people” (AP reports). 

“They will not be alone in 

this struggle. All socialist 

forces will stand side by side 
with Libya,” the Libyan Jana 
agency quoted him as saying. 

• RABAT: Moroccan auth- 
orities have arrested four 
“international terrorists^, two 
Tunisian and two Palestinian, 
preparing to bomb public 
places, the Government said 
yesterday (Reuter reports). 

Slave descendants bonded by bittersweet roots 

From Michael Biny on 


Mon than 2,000 descen- 
dants of fee slaves who once 
toiled on one of fee great 
plantations in North Carolina 
gathered at the weekend in a 
bittersweet celebration under 
the cypress tree* exchange 
famil y histories and to cele- 
brate their roots and the*" 


Descendants of the 21 
slaves who built and main- 
tained Somerset Pface, a 
5 it 00 -acre estate In Cresweu, 
North Carolina, came from as 
far away as West Germany 
and California for a day-tong 
reunion of sighs an 
pride and sorrow. 

They sang negro spirituals, 
watched a re-enactment of a 
slave wedding, and heard a 
prodamatiou by Governor 
James Martian honouring fee 
Somerset homecoming day. 

For many it was a day of 
discovery, finding family and 
rfuns — all of them named 
Baum, Littlejohn, Collins, 
Blount, Palin, Phelps or 
Reavis, after the former own- 
ers of their slave ancestors. . 

They looked wife revulsion 
at the sycamores where some 
of fee older people, children of 
slaves, said slaves used to be 
hanged. They moved around 
fee freshly-painted mansion 
and the markers showing all 
feat is left of the cramped 
slave quarters. 

- They chatted freely at fee 
open-air barbecues as they 
recalled fee horrors and 
tribulations of their ancestors* 
backbreaking labour hi fee 
rice fields. 

Somerset Place, founded in 
1786 by Josiah Collins, held 
322 stores when the family 
fled to 1862 during fee Cirfl 
War. It was, by all accounts, 
one of the more humane plant- 
ations: many staves were, lit- 
erate at a time when North 
Carolina law forbade them 
from being tangfat to read and 
write; They were allowed to 
marry and attend- church, and 
even to earn of money. 

Jonah Co ffin* VI and 
Frances IngHss, descendants 
of fee estate's founder, who 

attended fee gathering, said 
that they were appalled by 
slavery and its evil system. 

Their stave-owning fore- 
bears had left in nun, taking 
wife them only a broken silver 
knife. But they, like their 
black fellow citizens, felt pride 
fu what bad been built at the 
edge of a coastal swamp, at the 
fortitude of those early 

The driving force behind the 
reunion was Dorothy Bedford, 
a social services a dmi n i strator 
who became interested in the 

te after reading Roots, by 
Alex Haley, who was also 
there oa took her 

faded court documents and 
plantation inventories to trace 
her ancestry and the descen- 
dants of the stave fhmifies. 

The occasion in some way 
compensated for the celebra- 
tions of the Statue of Liberty 
centenary last month, which 
blacks frit ignored their own 
very different history. 

“The shame and guilt of 
slavery should not spill over 
the pride of what was accom- 
plished here,” Governor Mar- 
tin said. 

“We in fee South still have 
a long way to go to remove fee 
insult amt btatien, the outrage 
and shame of slavery. Bat tins 
occasion is not about slavery, 
but to recognize and respect 
the slaves themselves.” 

The Cuban Foreign Minister, 
Sefior Isidore Malmierca, told the 
Zimbabwe Sunday Mail in an int- 
erview: “I believe that the presence 
of internationalist Cuban fighters 
will not continue for very long.” 

to aid 

From A Correspondent 

Foreign ministers of the 101 
Non-AIifpied Movement na- 
tions hare recommended the 
establishment of a special 
“solidarity fund” to help 
South Africa's black neigh- 
bours overcome fee effects of 

In a nine-page special 
declaration on South Africa 
adopted by aedamaton at the 
weekend, the foreign ministers 
called on Third World nations 
to take the lead in supporting 
fee threatened economies of 
fee frontline states. 

The proposal will be put to 
heads of state and government 
who meet here today for fee 
formal opening of the summit, 
on the 25th amversary of the 
foundation of the Non-Aligned 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the In- 
dian Prune Minister, grand- 
son of one of the movement's 
architects, Pandit Nehru, is to 
h*iid over the chairmans hip to 
the Prime Minister of Zim- 
babwe, Mr Robert Mugabe. 

The foreign ministers called 
for tougher sanctions than 
those agreed in London on 
August 2 at the Common- 
wealth mini q w n niit- 

Tbe draft declaration de- 
manded a prohibition on the 
transfer of technology to South 
Africa, suspension of any sales 
or transport to South Africa of 
oQ and related products, a ban 
on further investments and an 
end to any promotion or 
support for trade. 

Observers in Harare point 
out that the call for removal of 
any support for trade would, if 
implemented, sound the death 
knell of the recently re-nego- 
tiated Zimbabwe preferential 
tariff agreement wife Sooth 
Africa. Mr Mugabe said on 
Friday that any commitments 
his Government wHe to join 
international boycotts would 
override the trade pact 

The foreign ministers also 
urged Non-Aligned Movement 
members to increase aid to 
Sooth Africa's outlawed Mack 
opposition parties, the African 
National Congress and the 
Pan Africanist Coqgress. 

Military aid to the frontline 
states to help them resist the 
threat of direct Sooth African 
attack was not specifically 
covered. On Friday Mr 
Mugabe dismissed as “a 
rumour” the suggestion that 
India might deploy a force in 
Mozambique to defend the 
frontime states' independent 
tifefinqs to the Indian Ocean. 

Mod of their trade is at 
present routed through Sooth 
Africa. India's air force flies 
Soviet MiG2J jet fighter- 
bombers, whose Chinese cou- 
nterpart is currently being 
introduced into service by Mr 
Mugabe's pilots. 

Zimbabwe is known to at- 
tach great importance to 
reopening the direct railway 
line from the border town of 
Chktncuata to the Mozambi- 
can capital, Maputo, which 
had hero dosed by the sabo- 
tage attacks of Renamo rebels 
since August 1984. 

• CANBERRA: Australia 
will attend the Non-Aligned 
Movement summit as a guest 
nation, Mr Bill Hayden, the 
Foreign Affairs Minister, said 
yesterday (AP reports). 

30 feared- 
dead as 
sweeps on 

Seoul (Reuter) - More than 
30 people are feared dead and 
thousands are homeless after 
Typhoon Vera scythed 
through South Korea, relief . 
officials said here yesterday. 

The typhoon had earlier \ 
killed seven people in China; 
and on Saturday hit the east-' . 
era Soviet Union, causing'" 
flooding and widespread dam- 
age around the port of'-- 

Football fight ; 

Istanbul (Reuier) - 
Twenty-five people including- .. 
a police chief were injured in a „ - 
clash between football fans jn >• ; 
the western Turkish industrial..- -. 
city of Eskisehir. 

Sailors hurt 

Lima (Reuter) - Seven- -- 
Soviet sailors were wounded, 1 
one of them seriously, when a ■*- 
bomb exploded in a crowded "* " 
shop in Lima's port of Callao. ' • - 

Mao re-print 

Peking (Reuier) — China is ‘ 
republishing some of the . 
works of Mao Tse-tung and - 
will put them on sale nation- ; 
wide on September 9. the : 
tenth anniversary of his death. "* 

The former US astronaut . 
James Irwin (above) has said . 
that he was pot under bouse ' l 
arrest at a hotel io Er zurum , - 
Turkey, at fee weekend pend- - ? 
ing an investigation into'' 
allegations that he had beat * \ 
engaged in espionage while. - 
searching for Noah's Ark. . !" 

Drugs raid 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Drug-", 
addicts riding powerful mo-. - 
torcycles who raided ^ 
Belgrade's university hospital .’ - 
centre pharmacy were arrested - - 
before they could get away ; 
with drugs. , 1 

Acid spill 

Willard, Ohio (UP1) - Af- 
freight train derailed in north- ; !• 
central Ohio, forcing the 
evacuation of about 150 peo- \ . 
pie as hydrochloric arid- 
spilled from a ruptured tank ’ :. - 
car. There were no injuries. " ^ 

Higher fines - 

Madrid — Fines for speed- * ’ . 
ing may be doubled by the 
General Directorate of Traffic 
Spain to a maximum of 



30,000 pesetas (£152) in 
effort to reduce accidents. 

Mafia death 

Naples (Reuter) — Matteo 
Vezzi, aged 41, a suspected 
boss of the Naples Mafia, was 
shot dead in a crowded fish 
market by an unidentified 
man who escaped with an 
accomplice on a motor 







Help is a large word in our vocabulary. 
More than ever we depend on voluntary gjyingto 
house ourgrawingfamily of elderly people in MHA 
residential Homesand Sheltered Housing. Ourtarget 
isfor more than 2000 places toroid people bytheeariy 
1990s. This meansa busier-than-ever building 
programme toprovide all the extra places. And that 
costs money, lo put it in a nutshell we need £1 every 15 
seconds — some £2 million a year. 

Will you help please? It’s urgent 1 











TO: MHA, Dept T. FREEPOST, London EClB 1 NE 
1 enclose my donation of 

Please send me more information about MHA 




House. 25 City IfeL London EC1Y1DR. Reg. Clarity Na 28504 



Honecker may help to 
dam immigrant flood 
across German border 

Leipzig (AP) — President 
Honecker of East Germany 
indicated yesterday that he 
might help stop a flood of 
Third World refugees into 
West Germany to stop more 
damage to inter-German re- 

Herr Hans-Otto Braeu- 
tigam, chief of West Ger- 
many's diplomatic mission in 
East Germany, had told him 
of West German concern at 
the opening ceremonies of the 
annual Leipzig Trade Fair. 

The fair, which has been 
staged regularly here for sev- 
eral' hundred years, has be- 
come a showcase for Com- 
munist block industry but also 
attracts West German and 
other Western companies. 
About 6.0QO exhibitors from 
about 100 countries are taking 
part this year. 

Herr Brauetigam greeted 
Herr Honecker as the East 
German President was mak- 
ing- his traditional opening- 
day tour of exhibits and told 
the Communist leader "“some 
shadows" were hanging over 
inter-German relations. 

He told Herr Honecker the 
West German Government 
wanted . "to clear up these 

shadows, so we can come to divided city of Berlin, whose 
more trustful, good neighborly eastern zone is controlled by 
relations” .the Soviets and East Germans. 

The West German diplomat West German officials com- 
did not spell out what he plain that about half of the 
meant by “shadows’*, but 52,000 asylum seekers to have 
knowledgeable observers said entered West Germany this 
he meant mainly the problem year have flown into East 
of foreign refugees exploiting Berlin, then were allowed to 
lax East German transit con- transit to West Berlin despite a 
trols to reach West Germany, lack of proper travel doo- 

- , , ^ uments. 

A bomb exploded yesterday at West Berlin cannot turn 
a Wert German government tack refugees because the city 
office a Cologne (Renter re- ^ ud der Four-Power govero- 
ports from Cologne). Kespon- men j by postwar occupation 
sibility for the Mart was treaty. But since West Berlin is 
claimed # by the left-wing an administrative enclave of 
“Revolntioaary Cells gwr- West Germany, refugees ar- 
rilla group, which said that it [ n the city can easily ! 

was aimed at a computerised move on to that country, 
central registry of foreigners The refugee flood has virtu- 
living in West Germany. ally exhausted West German 

1 temporary accommodations 

Herr Honecker replied that facilities, triggered racial in- 
Facr Germany actively sought ridents and calls for tightening 
good relations with West Ger- the liberal asylum clause in the 
many. “If this foundation of nation's constitution, 
goodwill is shared by both West Germany has repeat- 

Cameroon proves its efficiency in the aftermat h of disaster 

Teamwork ^verts 

for and smoothly- “They’ve done 

Ssfe Fsrrssg 


nJSd terrain of the stricken requested specific items and 
reaon. thousands of tons of quantities. 

readied The prori^ial governor fc 
two^Krtribotioo centres near mooitoring the flow of md 
the scene of the bizzare closely, to ensure feat it does 

not exceed available storage 

The immediate threat of an space and tong-term needs ., 
epidemic has been averted by A pracbcal demonstration 
the rapid and nnceitaiionial of the efficiency was tobe 
burial of some 1300 villages found at 
asphyxiated by the huge dood where Mr Fred Ndang, the 
of carbon dkwdde. The car- government economic advisor, 
casses of thousands of cattle was supervising relief oper- 
and other animals scattered atkms. , 

around the high platean are As ano ther C IJOthradered 
being burnt. on to the runway, he said: W* 

More than 500 casualties are cataloguing everything 
have reedved proper medical that arrives, and 
attention, and those requiring only . what the distribution 
skin grafts for severe arid centre requests, 
burns have been transferred to “We are exceedingly grate- 
tareer hospitals. fnl to the donors. Through 

■fiie second phase, the tfaeu- generosity we have al-- 
establishment of refugee ready managed to relieve a 
f« m pe p end in g a big resettle- great deal of suffering.” 
pi wf ii t , is already under way. T nrk of co-ordination am- 
Enonnons C 130 transport ong donors, however, has 
aircraft of the Cameroon Air g^juped local relief teams 
Force have been ferrying the ^tb unnecessary and often 
international aid from inappropriate gifts. 

Yaounde to a new airport at Mr Chris Daniel!, an ad- 
B am ends, the north-west riser for the International Red 
provincial capital. Cross, said that he had to ask 

From there, convoys of his headquarters in Geneva on 
Army lorries and comman- Saturday to stop the flow of 
deered four-wheel-drive ve- material aid. “What the refe- 
hides have been struggling up gees need now is funds for 

Emergency relief supplies, above, sent through the Internationa] Red Cross being unloaded barns have been transferred to 
at Bamenda airport for survivors of the Lake Nyos vokank disaster, while Cameroon sol- larger hospitals. 

dlers, below, burn animal carcasses in a village on the lake to avoid epidemics. The second phase, the 

nf refueee 

mi,#.. ' 

sides, then I assume we can 
also solve all other problems.” 

He did not elaborate, but his 
statement apparently touched 
on the Third World asylum 
seekers who have streamed 
into West Germany via the 

West Germany has repeat- 
edly demanded that East Ger- 
many stop refugee flights to 
Berlin. But East Germany has 
denied responsibility for tbe 
refugees, suggesting instead 
the West should tighten its 
immigration controls. 

Bindel switches to a German flag 

From Harry Debelins 

Captain Wolfgang Bindel of 
the freighter Aurigae, which is 
being held in the Canary 
Islands in connection with the 
appearance of Tamil refugees 
in lifeboats off Canada last 
month, has taken down the 
flag of Honduran registry on 
his ship. 

The official Spanish news 
agency Efe reported yesterday 
that Captain Bindel was in- 

stead authorised to fly the Islands newspaper, quoted the 
German flag by tbe West captain as denying he had 
German consulate in Las Pal- admitted transporting more 
mas. than 150 Tamil refugees who 

Spanish authorities held the were found off the C an a di a n 
ship, acting on a request from coast, 
tbe Honduran Government The change of flag took 
presented in Madrid by Senor place two days after the Span- 
H umberto Lopez Villamil the ish navy, in response to tire 
Honduran Ambassador. The Honduran Government's re- 
Hondurans accused the sea quest, told Captain Bindel not 
captain of “an international to remove his ship from the 
crime” in connection with the Las Palmas port until further 


refugee incident. 
La Provincial 

notice. He was not under 
a Canary arrest 


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phase, the 
establishment of refugee 
fj mi pt pending a big resettle- 
ment, is already under way. 

Enormous C 130 transport 
aircraft of the Cameroon Air 
Force have been ferrying the 
international aid from 
Yaounde to a new airport at 
Bamenda, the north-west 
provincial capitaL 
From there, convoys of 
Army lorries and comman- 
deered fonr-wheel-drive ve- 
hicles have been straggling np 
a tortuous dirt road to the 
distribution centres at Worn 
and Nkambe, respectively 25 
and 70 miles away. 

Supplies include camp beds, 
blankets, drags, power gen- 
erators, *ud 20,000 tons of 
cabbage from France. 

In tbe immediate aftermath 
of the disaster, villagers forced 
to flee their homes were given 
, refuge by neighbouring tribes, 
■m accordance with African 
: tradition, and in local hos- 
1 pitals and community centres. 

SLtivelv'S Yaounde’s normally busy 
specnveiy a streetJ . yKK aI , but deserted on 

le'camp beds, Saturday as the Cameroon 
nower sen- capital mourned the 1,700 
(WO tons of victims of the gas disaster 
STS (Reuter reports). State radio 

ite aftermath broadcast funeral music, flags 
(lasers forced Ac™ at half-mast and Prot- 
esrereaSra estant and Catholic chunjet 
as well as mosques, held 
ntfaAfrioui services of mourning. 

• Ul Wl lWlh flUM 1U IUUU UIKT 

'pitals and community centres. baying food locally for the 
Given the relative prosper- next six to 12 months, for 
' ity and fertility of Cameroon in building new villages, and for 

: African terms, there was never 
any prospect of famine. 

But tbe exercise is stretch- 
ing the resources of rural 
communities, and temporary 
refugee camps are the logical 
interim solution. 

Scientists have ruled oat 
any return to the disaster area 
for the foreseeable future, 
because sofl and water are 
probably contaminated and 
the danger of another gas 
escape is considerable. 

Hence the Government is 
p lanning «n build new villages 
south of the volcano, where 

replacing lost cattle. 

He estimated tbe need at 
qimnrt £i million for the food 
and homes alone. 

He said there had already 
been 10,000 blankets - more 
than three for every refugee — 
and tons of Spanish and 
Italian army rations, which 
were appreciated only by Cam- 
eroon soldiers helping the 
relief efforts. 

“As is often the case, it is a 
question of national govern- 
ments getting rid of un wanted 
surpluses,” Mr Daniell said. 
“They are rather backhanded 

they would be safe from any gifts.” Funds for buying food 
future eraption of lethal fumes locally would have been more 
carried by the prevailing appropriate, rather than food- 
sontb-westeriy winds. It is stuffs to which the refugees 

hoped that work will begin by 
the start of the dry season next 

One concern of the provin- 
cial authorities is locating and 
settling hundreds of Fnlani 
nomadic tribesmen who roam 
the mountains with herds of 
long-homed zebu beef cattle. 
Those who survived the 
disaster have scattered into 
adjacent tribal lands. 

Another problem Is that die 
homeless are likely to be 
Joined by as many as 5,000 

were not accustomed. 

“A local brewery sent a load 
of totally nseless soft drinks 
with no nutritional value. It 
went np in a track with a 
British Sag on one fender, and 
the American on the other. It 
was jnrt a publicity stunt 
“It was embarrassing to see 
tracks carrying stuff like that 
almost colliding with lorries 
coming the other way with 
local produce to sell in the 
market towns.” 

Despite die apparent confn- 

rektrves taking advantage of non abroad, Mr Daniell said 
the bufldiitg project to secure be had been impressed by 
boosing. Cameroon management of the 

For tiie time being, however, relief effort. “They have been 
forum observers have been **** sensible and well OT- 

For the time being, however, 
foreign observers have been 
impressed by the pragmatism 
and efficiency of the Cam- 
eroon authorities in coping 

ganized. It has been a very 
creditable effort” 

People are being^ kept be- 

with the greatest national yond a six-mile radius of the 
js — •— volcano until scientists have 


Mr Robert Hogarth, a vice- determined when it may be 
consol who has come from safe *to return. A decision on 
Donate to supervise the Brit- the resettlement programme is 
ish aid, said that the operation expected within two weeks. 

Airliner lands 
safely minus 
one wing flap 

Athens — A British Airways 
Tristar flying 315 passengers 
from Tel Aviv to London 
yesterday lost its left wing flap 
as it approached Athens air- 
port for an emergency landing 
because of engine trouble 
(Mario Modiano writes). 

The airliner landed safely 
and repairs were being made 
so it could resume its night. 

Passengers were accom- 
modated in hotels near the 
airport as all alternative flights 
from Athens have been can- 
celled because of a strike of 
foreign airlines staff. 

Greek coastguard frogmen 
were searching the bay next to 
Athens airport to retrieve the 
flap, which fell off the aircraft 
about 150 metres from the 
coastline which was crowded 
with weekend swimmers. No- 
one was hurt. 

Country town 
fears further 
race violence 

Sydney (AP) — The small 
Australian country town of 
Bourke was quiet yesterday 
after clashes between police 
and local aborigines, but a 
resident said townspeople 
feared further racial violence. * 

The Rev Harold Sampson, 
chairman of the Bourke 
Community Youth Support 
Scheme chairman, said the 
trouble in the community of 
4,000 resident had been 
building up until it erupted on 
Thursday when Brendan 
Moore, aged 16, an aboriginal, 
was run over by a car. 

The violence, which left 
three policemen injured, be- 
gan after the white driver, 
charged with dangerous driv- 
ing, was granted bail. 

A number of stones and 
bottles were thrown at police. 

Asylum plea to Sweden 

Stockholm — Mr Ramsey victed for falsely obtaining 
Qark, a former US Attorney- American citizenship and 
General, yesterday appealed threatened with deportation 
to an embarrassed Swedish to the Soviet Union. 
Government to show “cour- There he is under sentence 
age and independence by of death for allegedly aiding in 
granting asylum Jo Mr Karl the killing of 12,000 prisoner 
Linnas, an alleged war enm- in a prison camp during the 
trial who faces a death sen- Second World War. 

V n ! on . Mr Linnas has been living 
(Chnstopher Mosey writes), in New York with a Swedish 
now ? lawyer woman for more than 20 
specializing in cases involving years, normally a valid reason ■ 
human rights, has been acting for granting a visa. But his 
* or Jt-i an Estonian application has gone to.’ the 
aged 67, who has beet con- Government for a decision. 

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Overseas mews 

French parties in ferment 

Coalition uproar over 
plans to re-draw 
electoral boundaries 

France returns to work to- 
day at the traditional end of 
the summer holidays amiij a 
uproar over the 
Government's plans for re- 

ndarie* *** Mnstituenc y h»- 

Angry protests are even 
coming from within the 
Government’s own right-wire 
majority. ^ 

Computer projections, bas- 
ed on the results of the general 
election last March, suggest 
that the Gaullisi RPR party 
would get 60 seats more that 
its centre-right UDF ally un- 
der the plans drawn up by M 
Charles Pasqua, the RPR 
Interior Minister, instead of 
some 20 seats at present. 

The UDF is increasuMjy 
feeling dominated and stifled 
by its senior partner in govern- 
ment. M Michel Pin ton, a 
former General Secretary of 
the UDF, spoke for many of 
his colleagues when Ire said in 
a recent front page article in 
Le Monde that the much 
vaunted “Union of the 
Majority” was leading to a 
deliberate and catastrophic 
weakening of the UDF. 

M Francois Leotard. Cul- 
ture Minister and General 
Secretary of the Parti Repu- 
blicain. one of the main 
components of the UDF, has 
said that it was time to make 
the “second cohabitation” 
succeed — that between the 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

RPR and the UDF — now that 
the cohabitation between the 
Government and President 
Mitterand was working rea- 
sonably well. 

M Jean-Claude fiaiidin 
leader of the UDF group iq 
Parliament, said the UDF 
wanted “to govern with the 
RPR: we don't want to be 
dominated by the RPR” It 
has not gone unnoticed that 
virtually an the main reforms 
introduced so far have been 
instigated by RPR ministers. 

The growing rum Wins of 
discontent within the majority 
prompted M Jacques Chirac, 
the Prime Minister, to sing the 
praises last week of the alleged 
“unity and solidarity” of the 
Government,- while at the 
same time insisting that he 
had never asked the right-win g 
majority “to stand in a 
straight line and answer to a 

M Pasqua’s plans for the 
new constituencies have pro- 
voked much greater hostility' 
among the So cialis ts and the 
Communists, who have ac- 
cused him of scandalous 
gerrymandering and of'day- 
light robbery. It has been 
estimated that the traditional 
right-wing parties would stand 
to win np to 40 more seats 
than at present 

However, it is the extrem e 
right National Front, rather 
than the left, which is likely to 

suffer most under the new 
system. Indeed, the National 
Eront is liable to be virtually 
obliterated. While, the Com- 
munists standlo lose around a 
third of their present 35 seals 
the National Front, witb ex- 
actly the same number of seats 
and the same size of vote is 
expected to be left with no 
more than one or two seats. 

As promised, M. Pasqua 
submitted his original plans 
for the new constituency 
boundaries to an independent 
commission of six “wise 
men”. They proposed changes 
in 172 of the 577 new constit- 
uencies, all but 24 of which M 
Pasqua has said he Ires 

The final plans are due to be 
presented in the form of a 
decree to the Cabinet on 
September 24 before being 
submitted to. President Mit- 
terrand for bis approval 
Opinion is still totally divided 
as to whether he will sign the 

If he signs, he risks losing 
credibility with his own 
supporters. If he does not sign, 
he risks provoking a serious 
head-on clash with the Gov- 
ernment and a possible 
constitutional crisis, while at 
the same time seeing the 
planned reforms further am- 
ended in Parliament to . the 
even greater advantage of the 

Labour tells Lange to end defence pact 

From Richard Long 

The New Zealand Labour 
Pam annual conference effec- 
tively . told, the Government 
last night it wanted an end to 
participation in the five-power 
defence a greement with Brit- 
ain, Australia, Singapore and 

The conference resolution, 
while not binding on the 
Government and not likely to 
be adopted, called for- New 
Zealand's withdrawal from all 
military alliances with nations 
possessing nuclear weapons. 

It was one of a string of 
resolutions carried by left- 
wing party activists in their 
annual foreign policy romp. 

Mr Frank O'Flynn,, the 

Defence Minister, who is also 
associate Minister of Foreign 
Affairs and who was on stage 
during the rout, would not 
comment when he left the hall 
later. He asked for questions 
to be submitted in writing. 

Other conference resolu- 
tions included a demand for 
neutrality, the withdrawal of 
the New Zealand battalion 
stationed in Singapore, with- 
drawal from the l/K-USA 
agreement to share intelli- 
gence and an end to military 
ties with Asean nations. 

A call for withdrawal from 
the Anzus agreement with the 
U S and Australia was carried 
three times in various re- 

Washington in effect sus- 

pended New Zealand from 
membership of the alliance 
last month because of its ban 
on the visit by nuclear- 
powered or nuclear-armed 
warships. One of the results of 
this ban has been the curbing 
of intelligence material to 
New Zealand through the UK- 
USA agreement. 

Unlike previous confer- 
ences, government ministers 
made little attempt to fight the 
resolutions. Mr David Lange, 
the Prime Minister, who is 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
made no appearance and Mr 
O'Flynn, on stage, did not 
express any dissatisfaction 
with the move to cut New 
Zealand from the five-power 

The party activists also 

sought to strengthen the 
Government's anti-nuclear le- 
gislation. at present before 
Parliament, by the provision 
of requirements for the Prime 
Minister to make public the 
information on which he 
would base an* assessment that 
a warship was not nuclear- 

Such a clause would further 
antagonise both London and 
Washington, which oppose 
the legislation and have can- 
celled navy visits rather than 
disdose which ships cany 
nuclear weapons. 

The left-wing romp on for- 
eign affairs and defence remits 
seemed almost a payoff for the 
conference's qualified ap- 
proval of the Government's 
nee-market economic policy. 

Hawke = 

From Stephen Taylor 

Australia will continue to 
support moves to take the 
issue of New Caledon tan in- 
dependence to the United Na- 
tions, despite a bitter attack on 
its position by M Jaeqaes 
Chirac, the French Prime 

Reports here at the weekend 
said M Chirac described Mr 
Bob Hawke, the Australian 
Prime Minister, as “very 
stupid”, and said he would 
welcome a change of govern- 
ment in Canberra. 

In reply, Mr Hawke was 
quoted yesterday by the 
Australian Associated Brass 
as saying tint be was sur- 
prised M Chirac had departed 
from the normal manner of 
contact between beads of gov- 
ernment, but Australia's po- 
sition was anchanged. 

In New Caledonia mi Fri- 
day, M Chirac sought out an , 
Australian diplomat to whom 
to address his remarks. He 
had apparently been angered - 
by Mr Hawke’s remark in a ' 
press Interview that the Chirac 
Government bore a heavy re- 
sponsibility for conflict be- 
tween Bench settlers and 
Kanak separatists. 

Mr Hawke said succe ssi ve 
Australian administrations 
had acknowledged the diffi- 
culties faring France in the 
territory. Bat Canberra's de- 
cision to back a Sooth Pacific 
Forma motion to press the 
independence issue before the ; 
UN Committee on Decoloniza- 
tion was related to legitimate 
regional security concerns. 

Canada’s embattled Tories 

Mulroney gives 
MPs a holiday 

From John Best, Ottawa 

Canadian MPs are eqjoying 
an extra three weeks holiday 
after a sadden decision by the 
Conservative Cabinet of Mr 
Brian Mulroney, the Prime 
Minister, to prorogue Par- 
liament until a new session on 
October 1. 

The announcement that 
Members will not be returning 
to Ottawa next Monday as 
scheduled is widely taken as 
an acknowledgment that the 
Tories are in deep political 

By launching a new par- 
liamentary sesifbfi complete 
with a speech from thje titrate, 
presumably setting dot a vig- 
orous legislative agenda, they 
will be giving themselves at 
least the appearance of fresh 
momentum. - 

They may even succeed In 
persuading Canadians that 
they are not as inept as many 
have come to believe. 

Mr John Turner, die lib- 
eral opposition leader, came 
close to the mark when he said 
that Mr Mulroney was “obvi- 
ously playing for time” in 
abruptly ending the par- 
liamentary session, which 
opened on November 5, 1984, 
two months after the Tories 
were elected to office in a 
landslide. But for the last year 

and more, little has gone right 

A succession of Cabinet. 
Ministers have resigned in 
circumstances that reflected 
badly on the Government 

Although inflation and un- 
emptoyment are down, toe 

Government's highly-publi- 
cized mnipaipl (0 hui 
Canada's huge budget defied 
raider control has recently 
shown signs of stalling. 

Western Canadian agri- 
cultural and energy producers 
have fallen on hard times with 
the collapse of world prices, 
the point where some are 
ranting about an economic 
“crisis 5 ! 

Free trade negotiations with 
the United States, on which 
the Government has staked 
considerable political capital, 
have not received , the ltind of 
public support Mr Mulroney 
had hoped. 

The troubles off die Tories 
are reflected in the opinion 
polls, which for some time 
have consistently shown thou 
running behind tire Liberals. 

The derision to make u new 
start on Farfiameiit HDf is foe 
latest in a series of moves the 
Government has made to pall 
itself together in the run-up to 
the next election, expected in 
about two years. 

In late Jraie, Mr Mahoney 
carried out a wholesale Cabi- 
net reshuffle which was fol- 
lowed a few weeks later by an 
equally wide-ranging reshuffle 
of senior bureaucrats. 

Last week Mr Mehtmey 
took the controversial step of 
naming Mr Dalton Camp, a 
long-time conservative cam- 
paign organizer and part-time, 
newspaper columnist, as se- 
nior policy adviser to toe 

man quits 
Costa Rica 

From Martha Honey 

San Jost, Costa Rka 

Mr Manuel Elizalde, a for- 
mer Philippines Minister, has 
voluntarily left Costa Rica to 
avoid 1 deportation. 

The Costa Rican Govern- 
ment had announced itsmten- 
tion of expelling Mr Elizalde 
because of his ties to toe 
regime of toe ex-president, Mr 
Ferdinand Marcos and bis 
activities in Costa Rica. 

Mr Elizalde, aged 49, who 
until 1983 was Minister; of 
Minorities in toe Marcos Gov- 
ernment. had invested mu- 
lions of dollars in hotels here, 
including the establishment of 
a luxurious retreat opmplcte 
with a man-made, white sand 
inland beach. 

Costa Rican officiate say 
neighbours and. the 
Church complained that Mr 
Elizalde employed about 40 
bodyguards armed with ma- 
chine-guns and * harem of 

voting giris at bis resort Mr 
fclizalde said Be was simply 
giving jobs to needy young* 

Sl **He has more security than 
the President of Costa ,1m, 
which is toaily iMfiPJ; 

« intMinr Min- 

, which » ‘“—v . — ,v- 

J.ifl opriaie.” toe Interior Mm- 

C&V SvSefror Guido Fernandez, 

The Costa R 1 ®" 

Iasi week revoked Mr Ehz- 
aldc's residence permit ne 
left on Saturday for Miami, 

protesting hfe innocence. 

He said he had left toe 
Marcos Government because 
of opposition to it . but roe 
CostaRican authorities be- 
lieve he came Jf S 
advance man to prepare 
way for toe .entry of other 
Mareos associates. 

Anger over 
in Uruguay 

Montevideo (Reuter) - 
President Sanguinetti of Uru- 
guay has defied strong oppo- 
sition to propose a sweeping 
amnesty for officers accused 

Before toe 1984 election, 
Senor SanguinettTs Colorado 
Party made a pact with toe' 
armed forces that it would not 
hold human rights trials. The 
leader of the main opposition 
Blanco party. Seftor Alberto 
Zumaran, who oppose d the 
agreement, was banned from 
running for office. 

Bui in the first 1 8 months of 
democracy, toe opposition has 
tried to force the President to 
renege on bis pact 
In sending the amnesty mil 
to Congress. Seflor Sanguin- 
etti said its purpose was to end 
the divisive human rights 
debate before it. ted to a 
"death, or act of violence . 

Opposition leaders said that 
the President, as Commander- 
in-Chief of toe armed forces, 
could face impeachment pro- 
ceedings if he did not order 
military officers to. submit 
themselves w the jurisdiction 
of civilian courts. 

Politicians from both sides 
of the debate say it centres on 
how to protect democracy. 
They also agree that a solution 
can be achieved only by 
compromise, since neither 
side has a majority m 

Seftor Sanguinetti gave toe 

90 days to act on iL 

In Argentina . m December; 
five former military leaders 
were jailed for human rights, 

AIR SHOW 1986. 

September 1986, the work! of business 
aviation meets its leader, the Falcon 900, at the 
Famborough air show. 

Recognized as the leader by aviation experts 
who flew it, the Falcon 900 is not a project any 
more : it flies... and production follows on. 
, A leader In comfort, the Falcon 900 sets 
new standards In the balance of cabin propor- 
tions, volume, light and silence. The degree of 
engineering knowhow applied to the most tri- 
vial elements of comfort Is astonishing. 

A leader in performance, the Falcon 900 is 
not* only allowing ample Interconti- 
nental range, it also has the lowest 
approach speed and the highest speed 
limit. It may cruise at 0,85 times 

the speed of sound but proved it can fly at 
-94 Mach. 

A leader in optimization , the word to 
express an unceasing quest for efficiency, the 
Falcon 900 is optimized not maximized, llius, 
taking off for its maximum trip, the Falcon 900 
will weigh 21.000 kilogrammes, itf tons less 
than its competitor, yes... one third less 
weight. Efficiency is also in the modem sys- 
tems in ever more reliable and thrifty Garrett 
engines. It is also in a degree of maintainability 
never reached before. 

Businesstak&off with Falcon. 

A leader in safety. With the reliability of 
three engines and their associated systems, 
with the famous Falcon control system and 
flying qualities that pilots appreciate in every 
flying condition, the Falcon 900 embodies the 
solid strength of good engineering. 

Aerodynamics, flying features, quality of 
engineering issued from wide and far reaching 
experience, design for availability, every fea- 
ture qualifies the new leader in the world of 
business aviation. The Famborough air show 
this year offers you a chance of meeting the 
Falcon 900. A business meeting to be 
given high priority in your schedule... 

Dassault International 

chalet 1 - 4 row C / stand NE5-2 






And (an for temporary assignments and fan time career openings- in the WEST END 01-629 0777 CITY 01-621 9363 HOLBORN 01-430 2531 VICTORIA 01-630 0844 W 0 fl K 1 Hi W0WBEIiS 

Temps — £12,740 p.a. 

The best hourly rate in London for shorthand temps with WP skills 



Our Specialist Temporary Division are seeking adt&tiona) 
people with proven secretarial and word processing and 
Personal Computing skills. Our contract team enjoy 
guaranteed work, continuous free cross treking on 
nighty sophisticated and popular systems along with 
very meaningful opportunities to progress into support 
application programming. Our in-Company training of- 
fers extremely attractive earning potential along with 
holiday and sick pay paid as soon as you commence 

Our Portfolio contains leading companies hi Industry and 
Commerce and the opportunity for you to turn a tempo- 
rary assignment kite a permanent caw. 

We look forward to hearing from you. 

Contact Trfda Morris oa 
01-439 4001 







Elizabeth Hunt 

to £10,500 

Join this very prestigious firm of international s ear ch 
consultants as secretary to two young executives. 
You’ll enjoy a high level ot candidate and client contact 
and the opportinty to get involved in your own re- 
search proiects. Superb offices and £1 per day LVs. 
90/55 skills essential. 


Closely connected to the recording industry our client 
seeks a secretary to the director of overseas opera- 
tions. He needs a well organised person keen to get 
involved and provide excellent PA support Benefits 
include discounts on recants and bonus. 90/55 stalls 
and WP experience needed. 

Efaobeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 
l8Gosvenor Shoot London Wl Cfl-240 3531 



Work m London until arty 1967, then as Directors' Sec/Offica 
Manager you mU help arrange the office move to MadenheaL. 
Vanety s the key word m ms dynamic fast growing venture 
capital company as you will be m charge ot the noting of the 
office and organising the working Wes ot 4 youngish Directors 
You wiU have heaps ot Motive and enjoy a team enwonmert. 
WP exp essential. SH/H useful. 

MB’s SEC/PA TO £124100 

No bmo to be bored as Sec/PA to marketing MD and financial 
Director of computer co relocating to new Maidenhead offices 
Your secretarial skills wH be highly prized (SH/H, audio and 
WP> but you mil also be responsible lor all office adrren. tort 
holing, chant bason and supervision of junior staff. Prev. 
senior level exp., maturity and efficiency a must. Age 2845. 


70 Old Broad Street 

London EC2M IQS 

01 283 0111 

Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The Work Shop*. 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

frcroifcmii Consul (ante 


Assistant to Chief Executive 

The Principal of a rapidly expanding political consul- 
tancy needs a smart Karate and highly mtefligent 
assistant with excellent s/h and WP sk»s and bags of 
Initiative. Based m St Paul's. Bw company Is part of a 
growing tanking and management consuttancy group 
and there h never a dull moment 

Age 23-40. Excefleot salary. 

Send C.V. to Charles Miller. 
104 Newgate St., EC1A 7AP. 

M| We offer: 

J EM ft ASour skived temps the same rate 
Mm ft Regular temporary work 
’■-■■mg ft WeS organised and interesting assignments 
ft £200 holiday bonus -no strings attached 
W ft Free WPcross-froinihgo^ 
f You need: 

ft 1 00 u)pm shorthand 
ft 60 u)pm typing 

ft Two y ears' Director kvd secretarial experience 
in London 

ft Proficient WP sl$h on cdleast one machine 
ft Enthusiasm and a professional approach 

Please telephone 01-434 4512 now for an 

Crone Corkill 


r Get better with Manpower 

I Temporaries who are already pretty good when they join, find 
1 Iheyget even better with Manpower. 

* Developing wider skills through our ftee training inducing 

I W/Ps and personal computers. Even more interesting (and 
I chcdlenging] woric Even better pay end corKitions. 

I • Senior Secretaries 
I #W/P Secretaries MPA'S 

y Get an even better workfcig We by cqBng Ma n p o we r nom 

O MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 



L 1 M f T K I> 

Up to £12,000 p.a. 

If you have first class secretarial skills and a bright, 
flexible personality you should be temping for Career 
Design. Our busy team earns top rates and has the 
opportunity to utilise its skills and experience in a wide 
range of professional environments - from interior de- 
sign to merchant banking. We have plenty of assign- 
ments available, so telephone us - TODAY! 

Call Karin Pamaby or Natalie Sinnadurai on 

01-489 0889 

TELEPHONE: 01 -489 0889 


If ido hnrcudkffl tccreunalikilbxtdare 
livch. lieu He and wiRhng. Ihc Chief Actran- 

um oTihn Wl puNutun company wants la 

hear Ram toa now. Pens include 2S days 
holiday. Phone us today. 

01-491 7100 





Stonhand/typins/WP skills air needed by 
m of the emoolyen usng (hoc columns. 
WE NEED THEM 700! Honcwr. if pins 
ibex, you cut apeak French. Gcnwm or an- 
other Language, you are way speaoaL As 

amcritbgc <«Hiipmi»ifliifM[Mnri« 

hat increased, so be the one who benefits. 
Telephone mm - we'd like 10 hear aN about 

01-491 7100 

Temporary Soff Specialists 

2* hour answering service 


V you are a smart, presentable secretary with good 
shorthand and or audio stalls aid a soioid knowledge of 
commercial office practice, we have guaranteed long 
term assignments at Wang in Brentford, Isteworth, West 
End and the City. 

Just look at thee benefte- 

Good rates 
4 weeks paid holiday 
Bank holiday pay 
Sickness pay 

You will be' very much part of the team at 
you want the best of both worlds - 
temporary work that is guaranteed 

Call Saab Dale on 01-579 9416. 



Dm tonal appficant wfti hava 
a good unwaraMy dafyva, a 
knowledge of world events 
and a prawn atitthr for re- 
sflarctL Cx caS an t aior thand 
and spofbn asasrSW. 

■ London based. 

Setoy £12JH0 pa 

Writs Reply to: 
BOX E79. 

mm t r ) Tinitei 

Candm Tom manor destgi pne- 
bca nmfc i may Mi egaM 
aid sW -t wOWM sao alafy Wflca 
numyn. Shodhasl noi mcnan. 
MVd pw uu mfl mnn an ad- 
wma. $**y nagdabta. 

Phone Trida Herbert os 




we are looking for a 
bright, efficient secretary 
(20+) to join our busy 
Architec&m Practise in 

You should have first 
class audio typing stalls 
tor use on a WP and enjoy 
all aspects of office ad- 
ministration including 

S ion work. Salary 
Neg. Please caH- 
Amasria MorreH at 
81-876 8386 



Small property htvas&nant 
and development comp an y 
require Secretary /Personal 
assistant to help 2 over- 
worked partners. You wftl be 
efficient, thorough, able to 
taka a lot of responafesty 
and capable of acting on 

C own ntHdive. Although 
In dealing witfi people 1 
you wH have an excelent 
sense of humour. Please 
ring 581 0516. 



Building up a new company with a revolutionary new 
product is tough work. Not everyone can handle it 
We are doubling in size each year and we are the 
unquestioned work! leader. Now we need a 



to the D irector of European Operations. You will need 
to be confident discreet, hard working, keen to learn 
new things. You will need initiative and patience, ft 
goes without saying that you wifi have top secretarial 
and office skills. You will "be ablate fit in with a small 
team and understand .the smalt, business 

You wilt get brand new offices, con^xaf col leases 
(well, we think so anyway!), and a salary around 
9,500 pounds pa, depending on how closely you 
match the ideti. We are very well situated, dose to 
the station, car parks, and High Street 
Phone Caroline Ashman or me, Clive Maier on 06B9 
78111 to get a full job specification. The successful 
candidate is likely to be someone in a hurry, so make 
it today. 





Judy Favquhanon Limited 

47 Now Bond St real. London, W1Y9HA. 


WeU-educated, professional and wsrtl-pre- 
sented secretary needed urgently by de- 
lightful Director of expanding new com- 
pany. Plenty of opportunity to undertake 
own projects. Must be non-smoker, with 
fast secretarial skirts (110/60) plus WP ex- 
perience. Age 22-30. 


Can you cope? Overworked Director, of 
small consultancy needs excellent PA to 
hold the tort A quick thinker with energy, 
excellent skffls (100/60) and administrative 
ability is essential. Salary £10,000+. 


PROPERTY £11.000 

Excrttent skfls? You cope wed under pressure 
as the driving force behind a very busy boss, 
k a epaig him up to the marie. W so you wU be 
rewarded with an exoe&ent salary in luxurious 
surroundings. 100/BO/wp. 

* TEMPS * 

Oir temps are in demand and we pay top rates. 
Please call Debbie Bar k ovitch. Anna Friend. Judi 
Osborne or Eileen Richardson. 



Wert established mufti-national trading house 
with medium size office in West End seeks 
sec/pa tor managing rflrector. 

English sJi. and typing, experience in ferrous 
commodities helpful. 

We require someone with seif-motivation, en- 
thusiasm and good communication skills. 
Preference will be given to applicant with 
working knowledge of German. Non-UK, but 
EC citizens are welcome to apply. 

Salary depend irra upon experience and skills 
(£8.500 - £10.00)+). 

Pis contact 

M and M Ferrous Corporation, 

Tel: 583 8060 (Mr M Wilder) 


=M =1 f:T;Y i 

(Up To £11,000) 

A Sorter Personal Secretary is required to support 
the General Manager of the Information Systems 
Division wttftJn one of the largest technoiogy/com- 
munications companies in Europe. 

The job demands excellent organisational aMitfes, 
first class shorthand, word processing skills as vwfl 
as the ability to deal with management on a senior 

The position Is based in the Cfty of London and 
demands a degree of business flair, efficiency end 
professionalism. However, the rewards are great 

- Working at the forefront of new technology. 

- Excellent office environment inducting the latest 
office machinery. 

Do you want a challenge? 

Please contact Anne Jones, 01-356 7284 
for an application and further details. 


Watts & Partners. Chartered Building Surveyors, re- 
quires an experienced PA to one of their Senior Partners 
in their St James's office. This post offers considerable 
scope to develop into an administrative role whilst pro- 
viding ful) executive secrataial support 

South Ken. £8,000+ 

Smart sales and marketing organization 
seeks smart, adaptable secretary with typ- 
ing experience. w' i~^ r 

01 - 225^0071 


Required for beautiful borne in Chelsea. 
Sucessful applicant most be a good cook, car 
driver & be able to get things done efficently 
and without toss. This is a cay time appoint- 
ment. car provided. Daily help kept, every 
facility, top salary for this important appoint- 
ment. Secretarial skills an advantage out not 

Please write with toll details to BOX H92. 

A minimum of 5 years experience is required, prefe 
in a professional office. Shorthand would be nelpfi 
well as knowledge of word processing. A highly ran 
itive salary is offered together with other ben 
Please apply in writing with 

Mrs Gillian Thalassinos 
Partnership Secretary 
Watts & Partners 
58 Brook Street 

London W1Y 1YB 


■ j i * \ui§ 

EARNING £11,000 pa 

An exoerianced secretary with WP skOa wdhm (he Caroflne 
Kmg temporary warn can expect to earn n excess of the 
shove WMe enpymg a vanety of assignments m all areas el 
London. W« gfca haw a gnat demand tor exeelant short- 
hand. audto and copy Etafc. Please telephone Brenda Stewan 
for an xn m ed a w appo m anent 

46 Old Bond Street Wl 




PA/See (100/50) to work with an Econimtst in W], You 
have to be interested in the work, a good organiser and abk 
io hold the Ton during ha absence. A levels prrf. £1 1.000 + 

PA/SEC (NO SHI OWN OFFICE: Rising young financial 
executive wants a PA who will help with the research work. 
£10X00 + bonus. 

WORD ASSOCIATES J77 5433 fltec Ceos). 

Upmarket Temping 

to £11,000 

This summer; join an exrinshe and 
upwardh'-mobiie diie The pick at London's 
prestige jobs Rewards that pay toil 
recognition to excellence. And something 
more. Longer-term career grtwth. Finan ciall y 

our pay structure refleas your development. 
So too cur training unit, where without 
charge ot obligation you can bring your- 
self up to dare on the latest in WP. Find out 
more about upmarket temping. Cal! today; 
OH935 ^87. 



£11500 + Bonus 

Outgoing PA Secretary who can combine inteUigsxs, 
sensitivity and complete dEcretion wtii efficiency si a 
very senior level is sought for the HQ in SW1. Over 24 
with muL 100/60. (WANS wp). Board level experience 
essential as is first-rate presentation. 

Can Shan oa 408-1 «3i. 

Middleton Jeffers 


t!« ww w <«■ 1 4 de li am ass man Pngna am I* nnk 

MniD«IHICdljS«e(llidnvuibft(t!tl wo# KABK. Mfl 
»a.v ? v~,e ar^rmr. « an? dcot ktktm &i 1 m 
cjci Preuncn*!! aiftte axuexAi - £110CD» 


yen m S**>*Tfl evpi v* wntncnsu fnjuaaw KnateMi 
W-.JPUJ* yu ert C*iiKtn^i»-b^ie rtTWl f.iurni jt 

iwnn lur aae inwt.vixM air. 2S-»S wJ®. 

01 236 5501 

7 Ludgate Sq, EC 4 M 7 AS. Emp Agy 
The above vacancies are open to male + female. 

c£1 7,000 

To work with the Financial Director of this 
British owned Insurance Group. You will 
be involved in all the active companies in 
the Group, this will indude day-lcKlay Ac- 
counts, preparation of monthly Manage- 
ment information, Systems development 
and Year end Accounts. 

If you are a recently qualified C harte red 
Accountant looking for a move into the 
Commercial environment; please contact 
Chris Farmer on 01-543 5133 

Alfred Marks 

Recruitment Consultants - 
77 , The Broadway, 
London SW19 ORJ 


ITALIAN SPEAKING BOOK-lffiMl b mM i by ate 
an Fsiwi House starting a new wrtim n Bw WOTw 
mananmenl'aBd aUmwsaaiiwe tiuma wfl add wnay totha itaymby 
accounting and credn consul responsWtes. Age 3D-*-, sitity ta 

GERMAN SPEAKING PA. far fama y ffasore t tw post of Bern- 
tew a tee Perawnal Direclor tar a maior mutiraMal co wfl E uropBan 
RO. m Putney has become antabte Interrie wtag. N w shsobiU 
nxontc. aBoatiun ol and suuennsnn ot secretarial team pin otter 
adma functions amptimert tte secrataref mle and a good command of 
German Wl tin utifeed attnwety. 80 S/ftand «M suffice. E95BL 

NOHngRN SPAIN. An opportunity for a Sviogal SecwtayWh 
French, Gennm and Sparest* (in tial irderi tei a raai In M orttipn Spaa, 
ratti afUnU travel n Francs. S/tond A not essantai. Work pennS 
provided. E9JOO. 

do) sought by professional firm wtii offices m Wl. Ftuenl Engteh and at 
lean a year's seaelasi npenenn nqived. £&S0Q. 

COLLEGE LEA VERS Wti hwe a number ol vacandro for secre- 
tanal bngusts wtti the French « Omen tevagas. satenes 0X00 ■ 

For further details please ring 
01-839 3365 

,6 Buckingh a m Street 
London WC2N 6BU 
dec Cons 

Cbca £13,080 

Are desperately in need of a Top Glass Senior Level 
Secretary win can organise* and Hase with various high 
level clients; keeping one step ahead of you* Boss is 
essential. You will also need to be highly self-motivated 
ps you will be making on tire spof decisions, anangtog 
meetings and events. Excellent. Secretarial skirts, stnxt- 
hand-and -audio-^fpiRg- required - along wrth-WP : 
experience. Total invohmnent needQd tor this famous 
diem. An excellent presentation is essential as you will 
be constantly in contact with various people. 



dease contact 

1-439 48S1 

— ^-SYSTEMS — 

tiuaM^ WM f^uM i ijpctpnwcarwo 

Mcphnof D1-AMJ0IM 

required to take control of the day to day 
responsibility for sales, visitor promotion and 
administration of a major computer exhibition 
entitled the Construction Industry Computer 
Exhibition (C1CE) plus other specialist events. 
The CICE is an estabrtshed and rapidly grow- 
ing exhibition with considerable scope tor 
fwther expansion. That expansion will be the 

successful candidate will need to demon- 
strate sales flair and good administrative 
ability. Income circa El 6000 p.a. depending 
on age and experience. 

Write with fug 

CV to Jon Storey 
RIBA Services 
6G Portland Place 



Excellent WP shorthand secretary 
required for partner in small busy 
firm of solicitors. Legal experience 
useful but not essential. Good salary 
for applicant with first rate 
secretarial skills. 

Telephone 01-405 2511 

Mrs Cooper. 

Strictly No Agencies. 


Require a Receptionist/Typist The appli- 
SnHi, U8 have prior experience, be 
friendly, flexible and have good 
organisational abilities. Salary negotiable. 
Contact Anne Brennan on 
01-736 6524 

i. b -JFS^JEI 3!5S* =8 » 000 + raws 

Lra*g cDsmcba hnee ur West End.’ Van] nniiHbta 
tecntey lor Drees*. No S/H.^ 


Toptastaon eo n West W. Good uaetey for yang Ondor. No 
Wtt of amm. 

___ MAGAZINE £8,000 
. ENTREPRENEUR £10,000+ 

Dynanuc younjB jnwnr Hwr hi Raunoos offices m Part Law. Good 
PA/Secrctary wth 80/50 Ws. Age XMO. 



* 5 | * 


'.lU 1 * *; { 

,(• . i r ? i 

* • r 3 i i ; ♦ 

■ . * 

•" ;l! I'll ■ * 




,000 * 

i- vij 


.?‘‘f !:: ,J cw 

■ ■ "* 

°«*"wav “ 



Hfxc'F: , I 

•• •• - **Y > 0 

•’ tv I 

1 L-Jl.-i . ..| 

' 4 “-■■*! 

vices & co ! ,. 

K*i ;<£ 

3*i tS.; I 

Wtii KN3VI 

: ■ • !•■ :•’■ 
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; f-csrs iTsSrt 




At ^ 

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» •• .£-•- 

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fiilfc -- u .-•*■ 

Tbage lt " 

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,-fP.^ ‘‘ ! 

Constitution under attack 

pposition angered by 
government delay in 
Korea political reform 

The South FnraDavjd Watts,Snwon, Sooth Korea 

siuon wjll'bS^ko^i^^ SK Mr At the best of tones the 

with the Government if there the °* NKDP ’ 5 activities' are not 

js no agreement on consfim- sition noHtics in^SihvIIK’ cover ® d bsr television and 
UOMlreyiHoninartwmh. TTtem^SiSSSSS ^ “ « even-handed 
.Mr Kim Young Sam, ad- twVSin!?? of ^ manner by the print media, 
viser to the New KonaDemcT n5-S/*L?f ,n P** Inthe meanSme PreriAmt 

erratic Partv fNKnp\^o£ prevented from leaving Ms 
K thS? 22S& Seoul .home yesterdayl, at- 

manner by the print media. 

In -the meantime President 
Chun's rating Democratic Jus- 

tau I Jjh aid s^^ P ^“^ ^ d ^^ ave the dualrole of 

democraiipuon of the nation in^ofseJeiiThradi^ ^ D {T S c 00 * 60 *- 

along with the peopfe if no *5® non “ «« the people and 

compromise is produced, wooded area 2 10 ma * e Mr Re* better known 

Now is the time for President «> The people as a potential 

Chun to make adS JZ SSLiS5!S5 ik,WB S' *«*■« to Presktem Cbm 

which will avoid misfortune." SwTOUtoAe^thSriSSlvS a concomitant increase in 


said he had no intention of The woidine of thi* ^ ^? eth S E JP 0 ***? 011 S»- 

asM SS33KH 

some of the morT militant seri^of 

methods ofthe student move- provincial towns iajrtw^ but . But tbe NKDP realizes that 
mem, which is constantly 2d 1 £m ^ « winning out if it is to 

acting the party of prepar- dis^reemS^bbm the on ^ 

ins-fhr a selUont uhwh w«m • ■ Cjovenunent s determination 


But a taped speech fay Mr 

launch touggtefm the ** ^ 


aMngwiih the peopterf no woikm in the centre 

NoSyjhr^m 15 ^ 1 p 0 ^ g<L w °oded area outside the town. 
Now is the. time for Pres dent Mr Kim's car «nc 

But the NKDP realizes that 
time is running out if it is to 
have any impact on the 
Government's determination 
to pursue its own vision of a 

ing fora seQ-out which wold viS offoTfaSrink ^ government's ^tenninatioD 
allow the Government to The opposition insists that 

maintain the status quo. they be televised live amt constitution and if the 
The opposition is seeking to unedited, but shortly before 22f^' v £. ,, fc 0t *2-^ wrested 
mate the Government in- the hearings were tostart the tSUZ ■ 1 3? CaI 
trodura a system of direct Government said thatwSd •£SSf’ MUunimu ^ Qm ‘ 
preadential elections. The depend on the schedules ofthe ^ 

■ Government agrees that the government-owned television Government blames 

constitution should be revised stations, which could not find “F* fo T 

but prefers a strong prime the time. seoaire of the US consulate m 

minister with what it says This is undoubtedly oart of Pasan “ May and the attempt 
would be a less powerful the reason for the opposition's **> occupy the US Embassy. 
pr 55. d “ L »• j .• - . deciaon to raise the political It says it has arrested 169 

the implied threat of n- temperature after a period of membos of the two groups 
oience is all the more signifi- relative calm. over the past four months. 

Left to enter Philippine poll fray 

: WmSmif-- W 




Law Report September 1 1986 

Refusing arbitration appeal 

Aden Refinery Co Ltd » 
Ugland Management Co Ltd 
Before Sir John Do n aldson. 
Master ofihe Rolls, Lord Justice 
Mu still and Loitl Justice Nourse 
[Judgment given July 31] 

Where a judge refused leave 
under secnon If3MW of the 
Arbitration Ad 1979 to appeal 
to the High Court on a question 
of law arising out of an arbitra- 
tion award, and under section 
J(6A) to appeal from his own 
decision to the Court of Appeal, 
the Court of Appeal could not 
itself then assume jurisdiction to 
hear such an appal on the basis 
that the radge either did not 
exercise his discretion at all or 
did so uiyudiciaUy. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
refusing to consider proposed 
appeals by the charterers, Aden 
Refinery Co Ltd, from the 
decisions of Mr Justice Lcggnn 
ob July 26. 198S, whereby he (I) 
refused their application under 
section i(3Xb) for leave to 
appeal from the majority de- 
cision of three arbitrators, Mr 

cases such as the present which His Lordship would therefore 
concerned standard contract probably have granted wave to 
terms, leave to appeal should be appeal himself; J* 

refiised unless the judge coosid- firmly believed that the 
ered that a strong pnma fade Commercial Court existed to 
case had been made out that the serve the interests of its cus- 

■ arbitrators had been wrong in 
their construction. 

In the Amatos. Lord Drptocfc 
commented thai judges should 
mam leave to appeal to the 
Court of Appeal under section 
l(6A) -only in cases where a 
deciaon whether to grant or to 
refine leave to appeal to the 
'High Court under section 
l(3Xb) in the particular case in 
his view called for some 
amplification , elucidation or 
adaptation to changing practices 
of existing guidelines laid down 
by appellate courts; 

In such a case. Lord Diplock 
added, “the judge ought to give 
reasons for his decision to grant 

tamers as those customers saw 
them, and he should have been 
extremely reluctant to reject a 
plea from so well informed a 
source as those three arbitrators. 

Thai said, there were no 
reasons for suspecting, stiff less 
for finding, that thejudgr laded 
to exercise his discretion 

Mr Edefs whole argument 
was based on the curious, but 
well established, view ofthe law 
which bound the Court of 
Appal to hold that section 
18UXD of the Supreme Court 
Act l9$l. which provided: “No 
appeal shall lie to the Court of 
Appeal without the leave of 

such appeal ro that the Cowl of ^ comt . . . j n question, from 

Appeal may be informed of the my of ^ ^un ... 

Basil Edcersley, Mr Donald 
Davies and Mr Michad Mabbs, 
published on May 17. 1985. in 
favour of the owners, Ugland 
Management Co Lid; (fi) re- 
fused the charterers' application 
under section i(6A) for leave to 
appal to the Court of Appeal 

Mr Bernard Eder for the 
charterers; Mr Dominic 
Kendrick for the owners. 

ROLLS said that the judge had 
refused the charterers' applica- 

lacuna. uncertainty or 
unsuitability in the light of 
changing practices that the judge 
has perceived in the existing 

Against that background, 
then was do doubt that Mr 
Justice Leggan knew he had a 
discretion in relation to leave to 
appeal both to the High Court 
ana to the Court of Appeal 
ajpinst his decision on that 
question, and that he was 
unending to exercise that 

So for as leave to appeal to the 
Court of Appeal was concerned, 
it could not be argued that the 

tioTunder seS^ lOKbTfe- W* .bad. not. exercised his 
leave to appeal to the High discretion judicially since he 

pilot; the captain, Henk Brink and the pilot, Evdkn Brink. 


From Keith Dalton 


Philippine left-wingera, 
headed by the founders ofthe 
banned Communist Party and 
the New People's Army, have 
launched the People’s Party, 
the first organized and legal 
bid for power from the left in 
the country in 40 years. 

' The venue for the weekend 
launch of the parliamentary 
challenge ironically was the 
ornate Cultural Centre, the 
multi-millioD-doflar prestige 
project ordered by the ousted 
first lady, MrsJmelda Marcos. 
; For most . of the . 1,000 was. the first time 
inside the elegant main the- 
atre, its costiyb^let and opera 

productions replaced tem- ’ 
porarily by the echoing strains 
of the Internationale and left- 
wing rhetoric 

The formation of the 
Partido ng Bayan (People’s 
Party) is an histone weak 
from the post-war power 
monopoly enjoyed by the old 
Nacionabsta and Liberal par- 
ties and the massive New 
Society Movement created by 
Mr Ferdinand Marcos. 

It opens the way for left- 
wing participation in elections 
for the first time since 1946, 
when Congress expelled six 
communist members before 
they coukl take their seats. 

Presiding over- the two-day 
congress were Mr Jos£ Maria 
Sison, founder and . former . 

chairman of the Commimist 
Party, and Mr Bernabe Bus- 
cayno, organizer of the party’s 
military wing, the New 
Peode’s Army. 

Both men spent almost ten 
years in military detention 
until President Aquino freed 
them, together with 500 other 
politkal prisoners, soon after 
taking power in February. 

'This democratic space, 
which the people have fought 
for and achieved, has opened 
to us a new arena of battle,” 
Mr Buscayno said. 

"For . the first time, there 
will be a legal political party 
that is composed of and would 
defend the masses, the 
proletariat and other national- 
ist and progressive sectors.” 


\ , -v : t 


China picks astronauts' 

Peking (Reuter) - China 
has begun choosing a team of 
astronauts and mil launch 
men into space before long, 
the People's Daily overseas 
edition reported yesterday. 

It quoted authoritative 
sources In the Liberation 
Army Daily as saying sci- 
entists bad built a rocket 
simulator and the astronauts 
would be trained in China. 

The People's .Jkutv jsaid 

engineers were developing the 
biggest centrifuge in Europe or 
Asia to train astronauts to 
withstand stresses they would 
face during a launch. 

The scientists had also 
developed a life-support sys- 
tem, designed ways to control 
gas mixtures and pressures 
within the rocket's cabin and 
come up with ways to. dean, 
the capsuleV air and feed the 
astronauts^-*- - 

Court on a question of taw 
arising oat of the arbitrators' 
a wartf because be was “satisfied 
that there is a strong prtma facie 
case that the arbitrators were 
right and accordingly 1 dismiss 
this application”. 

By section 1(6A) of the 1979 
Act: “Unless the High Court 

S ves leave, no appeal shall lie to 
e Court of Appeal from a 
decision ofthe High Court — (a) 
to grant or refuse leave under 
Subsection (3Xb) . . .". 

The judge refused their 
application for such leave, 
following the principles laid 
down in Aruaios Compania 
Navieru SA v Salen Rcdenema 
AB {The Times July 27, 1984; 
[1985] AC 191). 

Mr Eder submitted that sec- 
tion t(6A) did not deprive the 
Court of Appeal of jurisdiction 
to entertain as appeal where the 
judge who refused leave to 
appeal to the High Court had 
foiled to exercise nis discretion 
under section l(3Xb)judiciafly. 

The principle affirmed by the 
House of Lords in Lane v 
Esdaile ([18911 AC 210) which 
also deprived the Court of 
Appeal of jurisdiction to bear an 
appeal from the judge’s refusal 
of leave to appeal to ft under 
section 1(6A) likewise only ap- 
plied, he argued, where the judge 
exercised his discretion ju- 
dicially. .. 

Under the gmdefroes given by ’ 
the House of Lords in' Pioneer 
Shipping Ltd v BTPTkaade Ltd 
{The Serna) a 1982] AC 724) in 

dearly saw no lacuna, un- 
certainty, or unsuitability in the 
Nema/Anraios guidelines. 

In relation to his refusal of 
leave to appeal to the High 
Court, his Lordship was unable 
to give quite so succinct an 
answer. What had not been 
considered in the Amaios was 
ihi situation where there were 
no judicial decisions at first 
instance, but conflicting de- 
cisions by arbitrators. 

In such a case, a judge should 
give favourable consideration to 
granting leave to appeal to the 
High Court but not necessarily 
beyond that court in order that 
there might be a binding de- 
cision producing uniformity 
among arbitrators. 

The instant case, as the ar- 
bitrators bad observed, raised 
question on which the views of 
London maritime arbitrators 
were divided. 

relating only to costs which are 
by law left to lhc discretion of 
the court” had no application if 
the Court of Appeal was able to 
say that the judge in the court 
below had not really exercised 
bis discretion at all or had based 
the exercise of his discretion on 
an inadmissible reason: Scherer 
r Conti nt; Instruments Ltd 
([1986]) 1 WLR615). 

In In re Ratal Communica- 
tions Ud ([1981]) AC 374. the 
House of Lords rejected an 
attempt to apply the same 
principle to section 441 of the 
Companies Act 1948. which 
provided: “The decision of the 
High Court ... on an applica- 
tion under this section shall not 
be appealable.” 

The ratio of the decision was 
that the Scherer principle was 
explicable only on the basis that 
whereas the ouster of jurisdic- 
tion contained in section 
18(1X0 ofthe 1981 Act was on 
its fact limiied and the limita- 
tion had been construed resiric- 
tively, that in section 441 of the 
1948 Act was plainly unlimited. 

The same reasoning would 
apply to the ousier of jurisdic- 
tion contained in section I (6 A) 
ofthe Arbitration Act 1979. For 
all those reasons, his Lordship 
would decline to hear bout 

Lord Justice Mustill delivered 
a concuni ng j udgmen i and Lord 
Justice Nourse agreed. 

Solicitors: Holman Fenwick 
& Willan; Sinclair Roche & 

Mitigation plea 

Stilwell v Williamson 
Although there was no general 

nity to make representations as 
to why he should not be so 

principle that a county court committed, 
could not commit a person to The Court of Appeal (Lord 
prison under section 14(lXb) of Justice Nourse and Lord Justice 
the County Courts Act 1984, for Balcombe) so stated on August 

assaulting an officer ofthe court 
while in the execution of bis 
duty, without hearing him in 
mitigation, once the court bad 

21, allowing an appeal by Mr 
Alasuur Williamson from an 
order of Doncaster County 
Court (Judge Hunt), which had 

found the allegation against the committed him to prison for 
person proved it ought, at least.. seven days for assaulting a 
where he was not legally repre- bailiff. A fine of £750 was 
seated, to give him the opportu- substituted. 





Bmchar M 430 «01. 


e — SERVICES* — 



Expanding new fast food group urgently 
needs bright, efficient person. Must be 
adaptable, use their initiative and help 
with a variety of duties, Including per- 
sonnel. Non-smoking office. 

Salary negotiable. 

CbB reference KTG on 
01-409 0868 

For immediate secretarial 
temporary woric ^ 

telephone Liz Barratt 

now on wgp 
01-4390601. SSffiS-^lfci 



Due to our rapklly expanding temporary divi- 
sion, we now wish to recruit the fotowing: 
WP operators (Wang/IBM /Wordstar) 
Shorthand and audio secretaries 
Copy typists 

Telephonists and receptionists 
Top rates paid, start immediately. 

Please ring Fiona or Susie. 


V23 Bedfoid Sheet London VK2 0F240391/ 

n i in r 


Demonstrate yoar st»**y i 
orpnser seating tte 
nanger at ths axpanteng 

Chart evh ease Square, EC1 

Salary £8,500 plus 

Tim newt* toumM LSMI to looking tea *r exportencodaca- 
demic msdlcei secrstsry wbo could type research papers, 
help organisa post {paduate taactrag and act as personal 
asstsant ID the General Secratary. Experience Of word pro- 
csssmg and possWy adtortal experience an adwantags but 
not as Important as sail motivation and a ebaerful 
personalty. . 


General Secretary, LSM, 
c/o Metfical Cofleoe of St Bartholomew's Homttal, 
C ha rterho m e Square. London EC1M 6BQ, 



Good shorthand and tdephone manner with a warn personality 
these an the man mpetfiems for ibis super job. Yon will be 
secrrisry to the MD ofibis iJamotoos company. Aje 20. Salary to 


E xperienced WPopcnt»/Hidio.Mi«tewspoasiblc.flouM e a nd 
enjoy woriring as a member of lively dynamic team for ihis 
.friendly Market Research Company. Age 2/+. £KX00G_plns peria. 


Guo. nap tv. Jta ypiinn ia with WP experience. and fim dan 
typing for ibis aKimting operation. Design Bom the gnmad-iloor 
construction to final decorations for weu known company. Ate 
young and presentable. £7500. 

CaB Maxine or Karen on 01-222 5091 


Hie AA Is a learned society, dub and school of 
architecture situated in Central London. 

The AA s Secretary is looking for an assistant who 
wil provide him wftti secretarial support In the areas 

of membership activities, company <fcitie& and Cours- 
es business - and who wffl also take responsibility 
for membership records. Good shorthand and typ- 
ing essential, experience In VDU operation an 

01-481 2345 

tag Da Hjnutaw 

a nte traw* on 
muring & s 
mart Se« of raw 
aM(y to work on yoar 
uw-8 mud. A position 




First class Engfeh meakino %retoy wdh «I»nena « tort 
lewis required for Ctaimtan of luxury resort In Algarve.' Must 
have excellent organisational aNStics. be abla to writ on own 
iffitefe and onfoy a tow Btcrftert sWb 

100/60 WPM and Word prorassmo wpemnea. FuU CV and 

ph ‘®^ aph 10 £5S°S!ffi v to 

31a Sf G«Sp M. LtotoWIR 9FA. 

interviews will, roly be heU tius Tuesday and Wednesday. 

cmamf land 

•k MATFAjR El 0,009 * 

This large prestigious firm of chartered surveyors 
needs a wall groomed senior secretary to assist their 
investment partner, Resportstttiities include totally 
organising Ms frequent lunches and dealing with ch- 
ants in Ms absence. 100/50 sHRs, audio and WP 
experience needed. 


1 ;• 1 1 1 : ' i a i . i^SKor Ji 


disability juw 

A secretary is nasdsdTo 
M responsible tor tee 
Association's wp 1 * 00 
tetttiri Aids to Commu* 

nkation far JPjj*; 
impaired ,P •Stif.Jli&S' 
njc scale 2^ (Ejozs; 
£9030). Job desgiptof 
md applcation toon svae- 
■pta ffonr 

The Office Ha>H«- 

25 Mofthacf Straet 

London WIN SAB. 

Radar te to 
opportunities c 







ss L-rsss-a 

£13,000 + neg. 

hwwe^ M aw nKJ’SHm 
Stt/W (25451. nr HWtbjai- 
TK tS a denundng pb fora 
MU uipnscd praiHSond wtti 

£ 12,000 

Ph ot ographer nndt 9uM JNo- 
ragEt ) rath German and/or 
ftenen aodnlswni PA/titeH®n^ 
np Willing to frevoL wn- 

For these wd otter vuanq** ta 

aflwrtawg mg <* Tnea 

perienM .§S Bry 
around E8.000 + tvs. 

^iSfK* 00 


wrard-thwdng and cheertui 

eS»wt sdanr lor the right 

Apphamts sho<i w T “'* _ 
phone Laura Stout or 

QVS82 72S5 

m-rai Hf —a aatirin ttata- 

Htact'l" CoWJSSESfS 

31 P er cy Street 
London W1 


Phase BMm 
Manreefl Gore M 

ptO KOtOW- 

01*638 2116 


Vounp. bright secretary 
required fe UD ol twr owr- 
ator specialising in snilHI 1 
hoidays. Essenlal tontXMS 
needed are .fast . awrttt typ- 
ing. an ability to organise, t 
tew ot .woridng late. aid a 
good sense or fnmoarf Sdary | 
Kcvtling to experience. I 

Please reply to: j 

CaniM Nonna, • 1 
Baden Lines Trawl Lid, 


Famoue Company need ad- 
dition to there busy 
Personnel Deptoment Ex- 
cadent opportnty to teem 
afl aspects of Personnel. PW 
training rtren. Should have 
good awns tor mWmal usa. 

Mng Ruth 
01-240 52U , 


W1 PR 

Expanding PR Consul- 
tancy needs experienced 
receptionist for nice of- 
fices off Baker Street. 
Must be tamfflar wkh BT 
Kinsmen and have fast 
and accurate copy typing 
skills. Salary around 
E8JW0 -i- Lira. 

Please eali 
Pet Shnpaoa oo 
01-4*6 6734 

One of London'! tog estate 
Aunts tfjeflty ranRMOSte- 
rtotos to wrt e ttoc Wl 
rfbee. Vum sid enuuswtt 
company. CHtgt 
second gram can a dared. Sn 
nu ESan axi 9500 z». 

Caff 01-491 0093 Ut 3 


£11,000 + BOROS 

As pari of the MO'S team, 
you will be ai the forward 
edge of the Investment 
Management Department 
of a (cadins UK Merchant 
Bank. Working mainly lor 
the Executive Assistant to 
the MD. you will be bridbd 
daily on all new' develop- 
ments so tlal you can 
cover for any other team 

Internal trouble-shoaling, 
new client development, 
special project work and a 
demanding PA role add up 
to ah cwcilrnt career step 
lor an ambitious City 

Age 23-28. Skills 100/60 

726 8491 

•V,r p.'.Ju.ivii N 

c.£1 1,000 
(including some 


ng lively art he ctic 
enwroranem of Management 
Consultants needs your poo 
typing and mUngness to team 
computer graphics. No 
shorthand or auto hut a 
. capacity lor hart wort and 

heto you secure nitre' into ins 
apandng company. Ap 21+. 

of Bond St. 

u-Bza PS* 


To boxy property Company M.D. 

An miercsting potation in u expanding company wilh pnspecu 
for advancemciiL 

Good typing (electronic Ofivetti) and S/h auus and an abUtty to 
untfertak* awiB'wnf wlinou uuDervjslon. 

StuiaMc tor a smart. w« spoken lady «30 - *6 veamL 
Salary £0.000 - £10000 pa. 

TrinMsr Mr Kttnp ok Ol A58 3*10 or wrO* wmi fuD C.V. to: 

Chalgrove Estates pic, 

' 3, Monkvflle Mansions, 
Finchley Road, 

London NW11 0AJ. 

ng md Hum Cos. 
CaB Mr Dm 
(CTk WriHOM) 

Please apply in 'writing mAh fuff c.v. to: 

The Secretary's Office, 

34 - 36 Bedford Square, 
London WC1B 3ES. 


Interesting, varied job for intelligent, en- 
thusiastic person to assist in air aspects 
of foe company. Small but busy office. 
Top class s/h and typing essential. 
Would train to use WP. Car driver. Top 
salary for right person. 

Phone 629 0113. 
No agencies. 


We csnnOy .taw a vanay ol pow- 
uk fax enuusame stowanm 
Mh « wttont exsenmee to jon 
Jte prana drawtos m up 
London t twaan e s: - - 


htensfoK work for . 
HaavUto Aiddkct 

Tired of traveiling w the 
West EndS.Preftr local, 
friendly office? Good secre- 
tarial skills, shonhaod om 



794 4376 


Requires Secretary/PA 
to handle general office 
admin. Secretarial skMs 
needed will train on WP. 
Eijia m, 

Tel: 01-408 2437 

£11500 + M/6 
The new Deputy General 
Manager of an expanding in- 
ternational bank in the City 
is tooting for a bilingual PA 
to help Mm develop the 

mateling work of foe bank. 

As he is Austrian, he needs 
someone fluent in German 
with, ideally, German short- 
hand. He wffl ray on he PA 
to providB fun admanistratyve 
back-up imolvmg consnter- 
abie contacts with interna- 
tional diems as wet! as 
liaison at afl levels within 
foe bank. 

■ J ; f z/ ■ i i : • j iTiTi 

take decisions and experi- 
ence n a fast-moving fi- 
nancial environment are 



Sound secretarial 

experience needed for 



01-734 6652 

Age; 25-35 SWUsr 300/80 

726 8491 


c. £10,500 pJB. 

Sacrataiy/Assratanl 21-38 for 
Partner oi Architectural com- 
pany. Shorthand is essential 
plus some wp expenwee. 
.WU cnBSrtnm. Attractive 

modem office. A.waaks tutts. 
BUPA and Kher banefks. 

For further detals 
CPOtept .Venmfca Lape , 

01-937 0525 

an. swie. mini 



We H neruMo tot mdertol 
■sue toems m M abon ids 
4 PA.'ottc* vtamsoaiats to 
grte ctaets. npanse wmputo 
and WP sfMins. ton me. 
to M anaagn apnmnms 
and genmHy vii mUL u»d 
wtfMQjwMiflBitH c«o w- 
■I KseouL sow sra useliA 
ftr teMer dritateptrasoai 


Trainee PA posts with 
super prospects. Typing 
and/or shorthand. 

Call' Lynn Lait 

TEL: 0V«6 6951 


ini* drar yoars -tonal Mcmanar 
aosence The Conveymctag 
Partner ol.Uajitoff bused amma- 

tenta Iwr will van you u 
tecome a staAed PA. ^ 
£9,000. Oaf 624. 



No 1 issue 

is jobs, but... 


Part 1: Work 
and the young 

not to blame 

• So what’s the cost 

at the ballot box? 

• Today The Times car- 
ries the first published in- 
depth poll of the 18- to 
25-year-olds who have 
reached voting age since 
Mrs Thatcher came to 
power in 1979. While the 
poll was taking place, 
discussion groups were 
assembled in each of 
three key constituencies 
to give a deeper dimen- 
sion to the investigation. 

• The groups — assem- 
bled by MORI (Market 
& Opinion Research 
International), who also 
conducted the poll — were 
in Bath. Nottingham 
North and Elmet (a 
Leeds suburb). All are 
Tory marginals. Bath 
would fall to the Alliance 
with a 5'/2 per cent swing, 
Nottingham North to La- 
bour with a swing of less 
than half a per cent, and 
Elmet to Labour with a 
7 x n per cent swing. 

• The gatherings re- 
flected the constituency 
demography and were 
evenly split between 
Tory. Labour and Alli- 
ance supporters and the 
undecided. Trade union- 
ists and the unemployed 
were included. 

T hatcher's children 
are politically apa- 
thetic — and no- 
where is their apathy 
more apparent than 
in their attitude to unemploy- 
ment It is far and away the 
issue that most concerns those 
who have come of voting age 
in the last seven years: 54 per 
cent, according to the MORI 
poll, accounted it the most 
important issue in deciding 
whether to vote, and which 
party to vote for. in the next 
general election. 

In fact 38 per cent fear that 
for some period during the 
next 10 years (hey will be out 
of work 'against their will. Yet 
a massive majority do not 
actively blame the govern- 
ment for the plight of the 3.25 
million who have no work. 

in the group discussions 
these feelings were fully and 
even more emphatically ech- 
oed. Sometimes the talks were 
heated. Unemployment was 
mentioned first as the issue of 
most concern to young people 
on every occasion. There were 
no dissenters. No one thought 
it less important than drugs, or 
health, or education, or law 

and order, or nuclear issues, 
although ail these were fre- 
quently raised. Being out of a 
job was top of the bilL 

And of the young people we 
spoke to. a quarter of whom 
are unemployed, only one — 
an 18-year-old sociology stu- 
dent of high political, aware- 
ness and open left-wing views 
— blamed the government. 
His was the sole political 

If 'ho ‘s to blame? Everybody 
else seemed taken aback by 
the question. It was as if it had 
never occurred to them to ask 

Listen to Amanda Ander- 
son. an 1 8-year-old sales assis- 
tant. from Bulwell in 
Nottingham, still quivering 
after a blazing row with a 
cocky young man who assured 
her that there were plenty of 
jobs out there if you only went 
to look for them. Amanda lost 
her first job. in a cafe, shortly 
after leaving school, and the 
four months she spent trying 
to get another one left her 
scarred and touchy. 

“I feel so strongly about it 
because f know how terrible I 
felt for those four months. I 

Which political party 
has the best policy 
on unemployment? 

e There was a striking 
correlation between the 
opinions expressed in the 
poll and the discussion 
groups. Today and on 
succeeding days we shall 
be using each to illu- 
minate the other. We be- 
gin with the main finding 
of the poll: a great con- 
cern about unemployment 
that has no political 





7% NONE 

• The unemployment 
rales in the three regions 
are: Bath 9.7 per cent, 
Nottingham 13.6 per 
cent and Leeds 12.6 per 

' ' rr. party .va** 

• L.;:® ! .".party 

: ri'nW ;i DON'T I 

Now you can spread the 
cost of all your regular bills 
\ over an entire year— with a 
| Midland Budget Account. 

| Simply total up your annual 

fees — 

whatever — 


and divide by twelve. Then pay 
that amount each month into 
your Budget Account. We’ll 
make sure the money is 
there to cover all the bills as 
they arrive. 

While the Accounc is overdrawn we charge interest at a variable APR 
{currently 20.3S>). You need to be over 18 and creditworthy. 

I Come and talk, 
i or phone 01-2QG 0200 
for a leaflet. 



felt like a nobody. 1 had no 
, respect from anyone.' It was all 
over the Christmas period, I 
didn't have a Christmas. It 
was terrible. I couldn't go out 
with my friends. I couldn't 
buy presents. It made me very 

While you were unhappy, 
did you blame anybody for it? 

"Erm . _ .1 don’t know, . I 
just sort of put the blame on 
the people down at the DHSS. 
you know. I felt angry towards 
them, because I found they 
had no respect for any of us, 
we were just numbers. 
They've got screens up, and 
instead of shouting your 
whole name it was just 
“AndersonT It was so degrad- 
ing. When I signed on for the 
first time and the second time. 
1 had my money reduced to 
about half of whal it should 
have been and I came out 

feeling really angry about that 
because 1 felt a wasn't my 


sked if she would 
vole, Amanda said: 
“Yes. but I’m going 
to have to do a lot 

-“■of thinking.* and 
find out a lot more about it.** 

boredom away is get up and I 
hoover the house for me mam. 

hoover the house for me mam. 
And 1 gel the tea ready for 
when me mam gets home." 

Do you get depressed? 


Would you describe it? 

“You’re sitting watching 
TV and things that are going 
through your mind are. h's 
half past one. two o'clock. I 
could've had me dinner an 
hour ago. i could have been 
grafting away in some grotty 
little warehouse, hating every- 
body I worked for. catling the 
boss no end of names ... but 
at the end of the week you 
haven't been bored, you've 
still got a pay packet in your 
hand and you've got that 
feeling inside you that you've 
been working, although it 
might only be 55. 60. 70 quid a 
week, you've still got the 
feeling that you've earned that 

You must hare got very fed 


(Ironically) “Just a bit." 

When you've been fed up, 
have you ever sat down and 
blamed anybody in your mind? 

6 I felt terrible for 
four months, a 
nobody. I had 
from anyone 5 

Amanda Andereon, 18. left, sales assistant 

^My friends are 
in the black 
economy, they 
take an hour 
off to sign on 5 

Greg Anderson, 22, below. 


because I felt it wasn't my 
fault in the first place. 1 just 
felt 1 was treated really badly." 

But did yon feel that anyone 
in particular was to blame, for 
when you couldn't find a job? 

“I don’t know. I think I 
blamed everyone in a way. 
The people down at the 
Jobcentre. I blamed them, the 
people down at the DHSS, I 
blamed them. I'd resent peo- 
ple that had got good jobs and 
had a lot of money and I just 
totally felt sorry for myself” 

Similarly undecided about 
the ballot box was 19-year-old 
Mark Smith from Kippax near 
Leeds. He is going to vote; he 
hasn't made up his mind for 
whom. Yet to hear this chubby 
young warehouse assistant 
out of work since January, 
give a bitter account of 
joblessness, one would swear 
he'd be a natural for a party 
that put job creation at the top 
or its agenda, particularly as 
he comes from a Labour- 
voting family. 

What had the last six 
months been like? “Full of 
boredom, things like thaL I 
mean. I know it might sound 
queer or something like that, 
me mam goes out to work, the 
only thing I do to keep 

(After a pause) “A lot of the 
time, meself." 

Why have yon blamed 

■ “Well. I know for a fact that 
when I was at school I didn't 
work hard enough, and I get 
round to thinking if I had 
worked handler I could have 
been in a job and I could have 
held it down, it's things like 

Do yon blame anyone else 
apart from yourself? 

“If you:, mean the govern- 
ment or anything like thaL 

This failure to translate 
angry or fearful feelings about 
an issue of public policy which 
is the major determinant of 
one's life into political align- 
ment was as consistent and 
widespread as it was 

There was some cynicism 
about unemployment It was 
largely Tory cynicism, from 
people who were in join. This 

is Greg Adamson, aged 

sales manager for a car firm 
from Bath, who said he would 
emigrate if Labour got in. “I 
know a lot of my friends who 
are on the dole and. i 
shouldn't really say this, but 
you know, it's common 

knowledge they're all basically 
in the black economy and 
they're all sort of taking home 
£100 a week, which is. you 
know, quite good, and a few 
people have said to me. unless 
they were actually offered nine 
or 10 thousand pounds a year 
they wouldn't go back to work. 
And all in the building trade, 
all sort of brickies, you know, 
that's sort of common know- 
ledge, they afi sort of take an 
hour off and sign on the dole 
and go back.” 

But the dominant feeling 
was something very different 
The real depth of these young 
people's concern about 
joblessness is illuminated by 
the MORI poll from several 
angles with different 

For example, asked if they 
would be willing to move to 
another area to get a job if they 
were unemployed. 76 percent- 
said yes, thus indicating that if 
"Thatcher’s children” are out 
of work, it’s not from 
unwillingness to get on their 
bikes. Another dear majority. 
60 per cent agreed with the 
statement that everyone 
should have a right to a job. 
guaranteed by the 


What would yon say are the two or three most 
important issues you will take into account in 
deciding whether or not to vote, and which party to 
vote for, in the next General Election? 

Unemployment — — ......... — — 54 

Education 26 

Health care 20 

Nuclear disarmament 15 

Defence ..... — 14 

Law & order/crime & violence/mugging 13 

Housing conditions .................. — .r.v. 12 

Drugs .. 9 

Taxation ..r....‘. — : 9 

Prices/Inflation 6 

Conservation of the countryside 3 

Interest/mortgage rates 2 

Foreign policy 2 

Provision for pensioners — 2 

Industrial refations/trade unions - — 1 

Leisure/recreation facilities. — 1 

Pollution control 1 

Privatization of nationalized industries 1 

Public transport — 1 

Other- - 14 

None - 4 

Don’t know ... 



What do you think is the main cause of 
unemployment In the country as a whole? 

At present, do you 
have a full-time job, a 
part-time job on a 
Government training 
scheme, are you 
unemployed, or in full- 
time education at 
school, or in further 

Full-time job 52 

Part-time job 9 

Training scheme/YTS 1 

Unemployed 21 

Still at school 1 

Full-time further 

education 11 

Other 5 

How likely do you 
think it is that you wifi be 
out of work against 
your will for some period 
during the next 10 

Very likely — 20 

Fairly likely 18 

Fairly likely 18 

Fairly unlikely 26 

Very unlikely 28 

Don’t know 8 

L istening to one after 
another, it gradually 
became clear that 
this concern remains 
unpoiiticized be- 
cause the new voters seem to 
have come to accept un- 
employment with the resigna- 
tion of a peasantry 
accommodating itself to a 
natural disaster. Unemploy- 
ment is like an earthquake, a 
bad harvest or even winter. 

This inertia visited upon a 
whole generation may be one 
of the most pernicious con- 
sequences of mass unemploy- 
ment itself. The attitudes of 
those we talked to seemed to 
suggest as much. Most have 
not had the shock of sudden 
redundancy, as so many of 
their parents did in the early 
1980s: some had been pre- 
pared for joblessness as their 
natural heritage on leaving 
school, sometimes from the 
age of f 3 or 14: it b as lasted for 
such a large proportion of 
their lives that they instinc- 
tively accept it as a natural 
part of life. “But you can't do 
anything about iL can you?" 
That was a view heard more 
than once. 

Nowhere was it clearer than 
in the case of Jackie, a soft- 
spoken 23-year-old hair- 
dresser from Nottingham, 
married with a small daughter. 

Govemment/Conservative Party ..21 

New technology/micro-chip 10 

World situation/worfd recession 9 

World situation/world recession 9 

Poor managemenyiack of investment 8 

People don t want to work/too lazy 6 

Too many people/not enough jobs 5 

Immigfants/bJacks 5 

Foreign imports 4 

Poor education/lack of qualifications 3 

Workers/workforce .' 3 

Better off on the dole .2 

Trade unions/union leaders 1 

Common Market/EEC -1 


Don't know 

Some respondents gave equal emphasis to more than one answer 

Some time in the next few 
weeks her husband is likely to 
lose his job as a machine 
operator, and when he does 
the couple will no longer be 
able to afford the mortgage 
payments on their semi-de- 
tached house and wilL in 
Jackie's words, be “kicked 
out”. With quiet bitterness, 
she said: “To think that 
because my husband will lose 
his job it will slip through our 
fingers . . ." 

Would sbe vote for a party if 
it promised to change things? 
Would she vote in protest 
against a party that presided 
over things as they were? 

"I don't really vote." she 

Nothing will get you to vote? 


Thatcher's children are 
dominated by the issue of 
unemployment as by no other, 
yet far from being radicalized 
by il as some hoped and 
others feared, they' seem to 
have become politically ener- 
vated. They fear unemploy- 
ment they worry about it, 
they hate it and yet in the foil 
flush of their youth, they 
accept it with the fatalism of 
the old. 

Michael McCarthy 

If you were unemployed, 
would you move to ^ 
another part of 
the country to get a job? 

Should everyone have 
a right to a job 
guaranteed by the 



8 % 






1 Scheduled (5) 

4 Jaundice (7) g— 

8 Recommence (3) _ 

9 Illegal (7) 

10 Peace-lover 181 ST 

11 CiamWi.Vscubes(4) 

13 Pam Can-Can the- 
atre (to) H 

17 Otin.Tu.-Kc (4) ||| 

18 Arranged in advance is 

|K> — 

21 Flower bunch (7) 17 

12 Willow twig (5) 

23 Gem-free (71 — 

24 Mournful poem (51 21 

Tomorrow: What they think of the political 
leaders and can a pop image win their votes 

1 Thunder flies (6) 

2 Wildly obsessed iSi 

3 Loss of position (81 

4 Quirky (13) 

5 Lean (4) 

6 Decorative pR-a ting 

7 Gloss) linen (M 
12 Escape cfa use (3) 
14 Inconspicuous (7) 

15 Jumping desert rat 

16 Al great cost (6) 

19 Unsophisticated (5) 

20 Golf hole shot (4) 

/ < i 

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MU&afettutafcMiBi VH nMi **E 



• n bl e f 

v. I 


Walking out on yf Fonda’s regime 

b *acii 
n > r thev 
11 hour 
s, 8n 0n ! 

Asthe mu scle of Jane Fonda’s frant ic fi*n«c 
jggjPgi gn withers, Do uglas Thompson finds 
mggyA mericans striding along. Bri tish style 


he Encino branch of Jane 
Fonda Workout Inc is 
where the wealthiest, most 
fashionable Los Angeles 
set have bent, stretched, twisted, 
and shaken their bodies. Today, 
the only movement in one of the 
world s most chic dance and 
exercise studios is by real estate 
agents and their clients. The studio 
has shut up shop. 

Jane “feel-the-bum” Fonda, the 
sell-promoted leotard-clad queen 
of aerobics and the American 
fitness movement, appears to be 
burnt out. The Fonda mystique — 
with ills best-seUing books, videos, 
records and tapes on how to look 
Mnd feel good - is fading fast. 
•Almost as quickly, it seems, as the 
exercise boom ran around the 
world, with gyms and fitness 
studios appearing on every high 
street corner. 

Today in California, those same 
exercise outlets are offering cut-rate 
deals to attract customers. Hun- 
dreds of them, some franchised, 
others individual attempts at a 
quick money-making- venture, 
have dosed down: The crowds who 
once attended in their legwarmers, 
ballet shoes and leotards have lost 
their drive. And the business world 
is pointing the finger if a studio 
with the high profile and reputa- 
tion of. a Fonda can't stay in 
business, what can? 

Signs of a slump began three 
years ago when Fonda's company 
negotiated a deal with a US 
clothing company to market ex- 
ercise outfits carrying the actress's 
name. There were tew sales and 
debts were reported at $12 million. 

This summer. Jane Fonda's New 
Workout and Weight-loss Pro- 

pvmmc was published with modi 

ranrare. but so far without the sales 
Fervour generated by her previous 
workout and fitness-related books, 
ronda makes the point in the new 
book that to be fit you must 
exercise for 30 minutes at feast 
three times a week “There are no 
short-cuts, no sweatiess quickies. 
You must be committed to work- 
ing hard, sweating hand and getting 
a little sore." But m a new 
videotape to be released here soon, 
the “make-ii-burn" advice win be 
toned down. 

The decline of the exercise 
movement in America has fuelled a 
new debate about what is good for 
us. Medical opinion seems to back 
the theory that British is best —that 
the traditional exercise, a 20 to 30- 
minute walk up to five times, a 
week, is better than most other 
types of exercise. Half-an-hoor or 
more of “energetic gardening” is 
also recommended by the easy- 
does-it-movement. The emphasis 
is on walking, not running: under 
rather than over-doing it. 

I on da and her medical 
advisers challenge the find- 
ings from the American 
College of Obstetricians 
and gynaecologists which state that 
women are sate doing 30 minutes* 
moderate exercise every other day. 
The actress says three limes a week 
is a minimum and adds: “If you are 
really interested in getting fit or 
losing weight, four or five times a 
week would be better.” 

‘ Her passion for exercise began, 
quite literally, by accident when 
she broke her foot. There were just 
two months to go before die bran 
work on the Neil Simon film 


Jane Fonda: suffering from a born out for “feeling the bum” fitness 

California Suite* which called for 
scenes in a bikini. When the cast 
was removed from her foot, she 
went to exercise class and was 
impressed by the results. ’ 

In May 1979. the first Jane 
Fonda workout operation in Bev- 
erly Hills bran returning the 
initial £200.000 investment within 
a year. “It's positive pain, just like 

childbirth”, chanted Fonda and her 

Now doctors say extreme ex- 
ercise by women can cause tem- 
porary infertility and spinal-bone 
loss linked to lower oestrogen and 
calcium levels. A study carried out 
in California says that injuries are 
now a major concern to the 27 
million American women involved 

in aerobics: 73 per cent of instruc- 
tors and 43 per cent of the aerobic 
dancers suffered minor injuries. 

- Medical and sports opinion is 
now concerned about the impact 
such findings will have on the role 
of women in world sports. Dr 
Henry Solomon, a cardiologist who 
wrote The Exercise Myth, says that 
if exercise was a drug which had to 
be licensed, it. would not receive 
government approval He says that 
the death rate during jogging is 
seven limes higher than coronary 
death during less strenuous pur- 
suits. “The risks , are too high: 
death, orthopaedic injuries and 
hormone imbalances for women", 
he adds. 

Other doctors say that the risk of 
a bean attack is heightened during 
exercise but that, it is less of a risk 
overall (about 40 per cent) for 
people who do exercise than for 
those who do nothing. Two years 
ago Jim Fixx. author of The 
Complete Book of Running, died of 
a heart attack while jogging. He was 
52. He was fit but not healthy 
because of clogged arteries. 

he myth that a marathon 
runner will never have a 
heart attack is now in 

Aerobics, the best-selling book by ■ 
Dr Kenneth Cooper which - was 
published nearly 18 years ago. 
helped plant the seeds of the fitness 
boom. Now he admits: “I've 
changed my mind. Pro running less 
and performing better.” - 

Life in the stow lane appears to 
be the trend now: last year fewer 
adults in America called them- 
selves joggers than at any time in 
the past seven years. More than a 
third of the nation's organized 
marathons were cancelled and the 
circulation of running and asso- 
ciated magazines has dumped. It is 
predicted that by the end of 1987. 
aerobics studios which survive the 
exercise (unwound will be offering 


low-impact rather than “burn-in” 
fitness programmes. 

Filling the vacuum are old- 
fashioned forms of exercise. Thirty 
million bicycles were sold for 
fitness reasons in the past year (a 
jump of 36 per cenil and there is a 
move back to walking, boosted by 
recent medical studies. 

Research by California's Stan- 
ford University has found that 
there are major health benefits 
from losing 2.000 calories a week 
through exercise. This would be the 
equivalent of iwo-and-a-half to 
three hours' brisk walking on top of 
norma! activities. It is also being 
promoted in publications like the 
new Walking Magazine, which 
expects to reach a half-million 
circulation within a few months. 

Walking has advantages for all 
ages in that it does not need 
expensive equipment, most people 
can do it easily and it can be done 
almost anywhere. About seven 
million Americans have taken up 
walking as exercise in the past year. 
Fitness walking involved 40 mil- 
lion people last year. 33 million 
look part in running and jogging, 
and a further 39 million in exercis- 
ing to music. 

Walking has attracted the atten- 
tion of advertisers and manufac- 
turers. Walkers are now a target 
group, with their own shoes: 
prowalkers at S70 (about £45) a 
pair. Nike walkers at $40 and a new 
range from Reebok. the company 
which made millions from aerobic 

Medical advice for walkers is to 
start with a 20 to 30-minute walk or 
one to two miles every other day. 
building to 30 to 45-minutes at a 
brisk pace, three to five times a 

Soon, with Fonda fading, some 
one will be selling us books, videos, 
tapes and records about how to 
walk. In turn, they'll be walking all 
the way to the bank — briskly. 

gmaws Nnaptpn Ltf, 198S 

Case history of an 
inflamed teenager 

Experienced as I am in 
witnessing and describing the 
ills of body and mind, acutely 
aware of the darker side of the 
human brain and its danger 
signals, I found myself feeling 
quite helpless io the face of my 
own son's distress. Fortu- 
nately, his boot of meningitis 
was short-lived but it could so 
easily have been different.' 

The one thing I remember 
about French GPS is that they 
never seem to carry change. 
Emptying out their pockets 
and scraping jacket linings 
over the prostrate body of my 
son, they would shake their 
beads as I passed over the 100- 
franc notes and smile 

“It's a sore throat, a touch of 
'flu”, said the first doctor. 
“Hell be up and about 

“It's too much sun. IfB 
clear up in a day or two”, said 

The nurse who was called ft) 
give injections obviously re- 
garded me as quite pathetic 
because I spurned doing them 
myself. In France medicine is 
more of a DIY family affair. 
My own TCP did for the 
disinfectant and the hotel had 
to be asked for a thermometer. 

Alexander's illness was at 
its worst on the third day when 
we were still living in the hotel 
trying to keep our misfortunes 
secret so as not to alarm the 
other guests. 

Despite aspirin and injec- 
tions of anti-biotic, his con- 
dition was deteriorating: the 
headache was more intol- 
erable. the fever unabated. By 
aow his Bps, eyes and face had 
swollen and odd little spots 
appeared on his skin. He 
would cry out and dutch me, 
saying that he was losing his 
memory. *1 know where I am, 
but I can't hold on to it”. Any 
light caused him intense 
pain. The sprinklers on the 
lawn sounded like road drills. 

Then I became really 

alarmed. “What is happening 
to my hands?” Alexander 
implored between bouts of 
deep drowsiness and delirium. 

Maijorie Wallace 
describes the 
trauma when her 
son caught viral : 
meningitis abroad^ 

“I'm moving them bat 1 can't 
feel where they are.” We were 
both vrey scared. Alexander is 
a pianist and music scholar 
and relies on his hands for Ids 
scholarship and possftly his 
future livelihood. I could hear 

in my mind fragments of his 
playing through die fretful 
quiet of the hotel room and for 
the first time feared for bis life 
— and brain. 

Within 20 minutes die doc- 
tor was there. Now be too was 
worried. There was just time to 
pay him before the ambulance 
arrived. With sirens shouting 
we sped through! the old town 
of Albi towards die dink. 

“He looks bad”, die driver 
said to his colleague and me — 
the classic comfort. On the 
steps of the reassuringly 
named “Reanhnadou Unit” 
the doctor mid muse were 
waiting. Within seconds 
Alexander was in a room 
coupled to a cardiac monitor. 

It was a dull threatening 
twilight after die brilliant 
sunshine of the day. My 
husband Tom and the children 
were waiting in the car pari: 
and we went to a French 
hamburger cafe to wait 
A lumbar puncture had been 
done and the find revealed 
none of the suspected . 
meningococcal bacteria which 
we had learned from the 
papers was causing epidemic 
clusters in Britain. His was 
viral meningitis complicated, 
they said, by an allergy to 
penicillin. That was good 
news. We returned to the hotel 
to celebrate with a glass of 
cognac on the house. 

I spent the next five days at 

the hospital sitting beside him 

or in die corridor. At night I 
slept on a. folding bed. My 

French medical vocabulary 
improved and a good relation- 
ship was estabished with the 
two “reanimation” consul- 
tants. AD seemed to go well 
until Alexander's headache 
became startingly worse — but 
that .was explained by. some 
condoning leakage from the 
lumbar puncture. . 

- But the dangers were nearly 
over. A nurse and stretcher 
were organized to fly him 
home and the Mils for what 
must have been the most 
expensive week we have ever 
spent in a foreign country were 
seat to the Automobile Associ- 
ation with whom, by rare 
foresight, we had taken out a 
Five Star insurance policy. 




The night was restless. I woke 
up with a headache, feeling 
dizzy. A weight like lead rods 
prevented me from opening- 
my eyes. The pain was pierc- 
ing and burrowing like man- 
dibles into my head. There 
was bad news. Hie hotel in 
Najac, southern France, where 
we were staying was booked 
for that night. This meant 
another day in the ear. 

We drove through the heat 
towards Albi on our way to the 
Spanish border. Warm blasts 
of air pushed into my face. As 
we went round the last bend 
into Cordes. I collapsed. My 
two brothers and sister were 
taken out of die car and 1 was 
laid across die back seat 

The next thing I knew was 
water trickling down an icy 
doth across my birow. My 
mother was trying to keep me 
cool while the doctor was 
finishing his lunch. It was a 
compact room complete with 
a Spitting Image doctor. I was 
rapidly examinedBy this time 
my throat was red as a blast- 
furnace and my temperature 
was 40 degrees. The only 

feel the pain wdling up again 
inside my heacLAll the time 
my mother was sitting at my 
side, sometimes reading, 
sometimes talking. My head 
felt like a pressure cooker. 


Today was very uneventfuL 
despite the feeling that my 
head was going to explode. I 
could feel myself gradually 
sinking into the hospital 
routine. ... 

This evening I felt .elated. 
My head was better — well 
almost. The nurses said I must 
eat, and ordered English steak 
and chips for me. They un- 
hooked my drip. I would be 
home tomorrow. Then they 
sat me in a chair to eat. At 
.prip 2 T Jamiliar hammers start- 
ed, to batter my eyes and brain, 
j cried out in pain. The nurses 
could not understand and 
bleeped tbe doctor as they 
lifted me back to bed. My 
special chips were uneaten. 

Takin g a step out of tire sun, Into the light: Maijorie Wallace with her sort, Alexander 

words I remember the doctor 
saying was “He’s got angine M . 
A prescription was given. 

We arrived at a hotel in Albi 
and the rest of that day I 
stayed in bed. Where was I? 
What was happening? It was 
getting hard to understand. 
My head felt like an electric 

A doctor had arrived in the 
middle of the night looking 
weary. His examination con- 
ducted with a painful dose of 
antihistamine. It was not to be 
my only injection. 


To be woken up by a strange 
French lady is one thing but to 
find out she was to give me a 
penicillin jab is another. Since 
the age of six I have been 
paranoid about injections. My 
head was the same as before 
and my throat fell even more 


In the later part of; the 
morning we had a short trip to 
another hotel — luxurious, 
with swimming pool and ten- 
nis courts. Even the short 
journey up the first flight of 
stairs exhausted me and my 
father had to carry me the rest 
of the way. Luckily my room 
was cool and beautifully fur- 
.nished but this did not help. It 
was getting hard to think and 
concentrate. I tried to run my 
finger down tbe edge of tbe 

decorative wallpaper - and 
make out .the pattern, fixing 
on a flower and searching 
desperately for a repeal But 
by the time I had found a 
likely candidate, the original 
bad disappeared. I thought I 
was losing my memory. - 

I could eat very little but 
was able to drink. This I did, 
hoping to wash away my 

A new symptom occurred 
this mowing, which was al- 
most as unpleasant as the 
headache and sore throat My 
lips were inflated like a rubber 
dinghy and as cracked as a 
chasm of doom. Spots were 
smothering my face, back and 
arms. I was becoming worried 
and tried to figure out what 
was wrong. 

The fever was worsening. 
My concentration seemed- to 
have lapses of 30 seconds or 
more, • I would doze off not 
knowing where I was. It was a 
horrible feeling I was scared. 
Everybody seemed fuzzy. It 
was as though I was in a dream 
and my family were just 
characters of illusion. 

Tbe doctor came later that 
afternoon. My only request 
was to go home. In return 1 
was told I must go to a special 
clinic. 1 was taken off in an 
ambulance because they in- 

sisted on considering me as an 
emergency. 1 was met by a 
group of doctors and nurses 
who put me into intensive 
care. I was wired to some sort 
of respiration check machine 
and 1 was attached to a drip. 

A short examination took 
place • followed by X-rays. 
Next came the dreaded lum- 
bar puncture. Having had one 
before I knew this was bad 


I was awakened by the noise of 
disturbance in the room op- 
posite. It was 3am. I felt 
considerably better despite the 
ordeal. My fever was down 
and my headache diminish- 
ing. But the hole in my back 
was still not content and I 
could feel it screeching with 
pain. Boredom was my next 
problem. I lay awake ponder- 
ing what was the matter. I 
wasn't told it was meningitis. 
The funny metal appliances 
connecting me to the heart 
machine caught my interest 
and 1 found a game I could 
play. By fiddling with the 
metal attached to my body I 
could make different patterns 
on the screen. 

1 woke again and was 
greeted with a sponge and 
some water. I was washed 
down and left naked, looking 
gormless on the bed. I could 


Back on tbe drip. One of the 
worst days. The morning had 
been the same: resting and 
bring read to. As lunch ap- 
proached. an old doctor 
poshed flat pieces of metal 
down my throat making me 
choke. I tried to fight against 
the pam but he just went on, 
babbling in his foreign tongue. 

I then flaked out and slept 
until late afternoon. My fam- 
ily came— ail five of them— as 
a treat instead ofwailing in the 
car park, it was not a success. 
Justin, my youngest brother, 
took one look at t he drip and 
ran straight to the bathroom to 
be side. Meanwhile, my next 
brother. Stefan, tantalized me 
with bis stories of swimming 
and canoeing on the river. The 
baby. Sophia, derided she 
would like my abandoned 
chips and started complain- 
ing. My father took them away 
in disgrace. My only recollec- 
tion after that was that I was 
going home. 


1 wish to thank the doctors, 
my . family, especially my 
mother, for looking after me 
so well I paid a last farewell to 
them, except my mother who 
was accompanying me home 
with a nurse flown from 
England. My stretcher was 
hoisted on to the plane from 
the ambulance and we were 
soon on the way to recovery. 





of the 

Women can't become Young 
Fogeys — and that's official. 
Or almost officiaL since it 
was stated by Russell Baker, 
the New York Tunes col- 
umnist who is practically an 
American institution. He says 
that the most that women of 
fogeyish tendencies can hope 
to do is qualify for member- 
ship of the Lovely Spouse 

Then, like a typical male, 
instead of giving some guide- 
lines on bow to do this. Mr 
Baker changes the subject So 
r have had to work out the 
rules by myself. 

Clothes: Lovely Spouses 
should never compete with 
their husbands in the matter 
of sartorial elegance. They 
understand that whereas it is 
right and proper for a Young 
Fogey to spend up to £400 on 
a suit it would be unlovely for 
his wife to run amok at 
Joseph Tricot. 

Instead, she should run up 
something herself from a 
remnant bought at Liberty's 
sale. Ideally, no-one should 
ever be able to look at a 
Perfectly Lovely Spouse with- 
out thinking vaguely that tbe 
Stuff of which her frock is 
made would look absolutely 
divine on a sola. 

Food: Perfectly Lovely 
Spouses spend a lot of time in 
the kitchen. Firstly, because 
the sort of food Young Fogeys 
like is tbe kind that yon have 
to stir gradually, wrap in a 
doth and boil for hours and, 
secondly, because The Per- 
fectly Lovely Spouse's 
kitchen, like the rest of her 
home, is designed oo the basis 
of there being umpteen house- 
maids. Her butcher is glad to 
be her friend because she 
buys disgusting bits of ani- 
mals that he would otherwise 
throw away. Even so, she 
doesn't trust his sausages and 
makes her own, her speciality 
being venison ones which 
contain small fragments of 
white crunchy stuff which I 
suspect is minced antler. 
Home: It is not enough for a 
Perfectly Lovely Spouse to be 
able to produce tapestry cush- 
ions and patchwork quilts. 
She has to be able to restore 
and clean pictures, mend 
porcelain dinner services and 
paint tbe walk so that they 
look like lake marble. 

Young Fogeys use real 
candles in the chandeliers 
and the washing-up is done by 
the Perfectly Lovely Spouse, 
completely unaided and with 
a wooden-handled string 

The fiict that she doesn't 
possess a vacuum cleaner 
doesn't matter since the 
candlelight produces such 
kindly shadows that nobody 
notices the cobwebs much. 
Jobs: The Perfectly Lovely 
Spouse's main job is to listen 
to her husband's speeches, 
read his letters to the press 
and the manuscripts of his 
books. Since this is quite 
tune-consuming, it would be 
absurd for her to consider a 
career as an oil-trader or 
merchant banker. However, 
sometimes she finds the time 
to do a little freelance re- 
search work for a politician or 
eminent academic. Her salary 
goes towards tbe cost of tire 
children’s clarinet lessons. 
Entertaining: Heavy food, 

gloomy surroundings, musty 
conversation are what you get 
chez Perfectly Lovely Spouse 
If yon do not like any of these 
you will have a ' Perfectly 
Awful Time 








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A crucial term for confidence 




Fiction, as so often, is staring feci ( 
in the face. The next chairman of 
the Headmasters' Conference, the : 
"trade union" of Britain’s public ; 
schools, takes over the job less 
than a year after his own school. 
King Edward's in Birmingham, 
was featured in the film Clockwise. 
with John Cleese playing the part 
of a comprehensive school head 
elevated to the same role. Martin 
Rogers. Chief Master at King 
Edward's, owns up to being a 
Cleese fan. and has received 
written congratulations on his 
appointment from the creator of 
Fa wiry Towers and the Mtnisiry of 
Silly Walks. 1 suspect the inhab- 
itants of the masters' common 
rooms at Eton. Harrow. Win- 
chester cr at will be hoping Rogers 
docs not take the Cleese parallel 
loo far. for in H 'ho s Who the 
comedian lists his recreations as 
gluttony and sloth. 


Undue glee in the New Zealand 
press over a small indignity visited 
upon the former prime minister. 
Sir Robert Muldoon. who two 
years ago was a figure of such fear 
ibr us mere journalists. Muldoon 
was waiting for a flight recently at 
Nelson airport when ah errant 
two-year-old scampered across the 
terminal and. for reasons best 
known to himself, clambered on 
to his lap and responded to a call 
of nature, making Muldoon an 
instant wet. Embarrassed parents 
whisked the infant away and 
Muldoon was. in the gloating 
words of one paper, “left to clean 
up the mess . . . something all 
good politicians claim they are 
bom to do". 

• Sticker ongrnbby, F-registered 
Morris Minor in Gloucestershire: 
“They'd always said I’d inherit an 
estate. This is it" 

Fringe benefit 

Something new has been added to 
the cut-throat world of commerce. 
Advertising for a “cordon bleu 
. PA" in the latest issue of London's 
handout Girl About Town maga- 
zine. a recruitment agency offers 
an £8.500 salary with “unusual 
perks" — a free scalp massage and 
hair treatment every week. Bald 
PAs need not apply, presumably. 


The Centre for Contemporary 
Studies has received some strange 
responses from abroad to its 
report on soccer hooliganism. 
Heysd: One Year After. Director 
Eric Moon man. the former La- 
bour MP. tells me one academic 
from Cologne asked for a copy of 
“the report on how to start a riot". 

No and Yes 

The Grange Hill “Just Say No" 
anti-drug campaign has received 
the support of more than 300 
MPs. But the assistance of the Yes. 
Prime Minister politico Jim 
Hacker, in the shape of actor Paul 
Eddington, may prove somewhat 
confusing for the Greater London 
public. His involvement coincides 
inopportunely with a spate of 
billboard advertisements for the 
London Standard showing 
Eddington reading the paper with 
a front-page headline; “Minister 
Says Yes." 

• One of the products of the new 
commercial climate at the Met 
Office is a T-shirt bearing the 
words: “Happiness is a warm 
front." Quite, but where is it? 

Solid worth 

The announcement by the Im- 
perial War Museum that a British 
Conqueror lank from the army 
firing range near Colchester may 
be exchanged for a Soviet one 
makes me wonder what we can 
expect in return. The sturdy 
Conqueror has survived 25 years 
of artillery pounding. The Rus- 
sians. however, are in a position to 
otter a much more durable tank, j 
should they so choose. Two T-34s 
from the Second World War stand 
in West Berlin as a monument to 
the Russian role in the city’s 
capture. The reason for their 
durability is simple: they are filled 
with concrete. But ihere’is thought 
to be another reason why they 
might always remain in Berlin; it 
is rumoured in the Allied forces 
there that they contain the en- 
tombed bodies of their dead crews. 


Willie Landels is leaving the 
editor's chair of Harpers & Queen 
to join a magazine circulated to 
holders of the American Express 
gold card. More to the point, he 
tendered his resignation from the 
departures lounge of an airport en 
route for an Italian holiday. His 
new magazine is called Depar- 
tures. and his new salary repre- 
sents an increase which, in the 
words of the card's advertisement, 
will do nicely. 


For most of the country today is the 
start of a new school year. In the 
secondary schools this term will be 
critical. Last year's disruption, which 
dosed with an uneasy truce that 
resolved none of the issues, was about 
much more than salary and contract It 
reflected teachers* frustration at what 
was happening to the service they had 
chosen to work in. 

Secondary schools, faced with falling 
rolls and youth unemployment and 
with the continuing lessons of com- 
prehensive reorganization, were tack- 
ling with some success the needed 
changes in their curriculum, assess- 
ment and approach. Suddenly they 
became scapegoats for the nation's ills. 

The worst began to. be taken as the 
norm: “comprehensive” became for 
some a term of abuse. The cry of falling 
standards was parroted by many 
(though substantiated by few). And all 
the time schools were having to turn to 
parents for textbooks, to jumble-sales 
for new technology, and to student self- 
help for decoration and repair. 

For good teachers the erosion of 
public esteem was as damaging as the 
erosion of their purchasing power. 
Industrial action sapped confidence 
from the schools themselves. Take 
away an actor's confidence and you 
destroy him: take it away from schools 
and their teachers, and you destroy 
good learning. 

by Michael Duffy 

This new term's priority has to be the 
restoration of confidence. Kenneth 
Baker, the Education Secretary, should 
resist the temptation to claim that the 
teachers* wounds are self-inflicted: it is 
neither helpful nor true. He should 
abstain, for one short year, from the 
initiatives and hasty solutions that 
have rained from his department, and 
let the service find its feet again. 

He should address himself instead 
(and take his Treasury colleagues with 
him) to the problems identified by Her 
Majesty's Inspectors: schools commit- 
ted lo practically oriented teaching and 
assessment but with too few teachers 
and too little apparatus to carry it out; 
schools struggling to teach children that 
standards matter, in buildings that local 
education authorities can neither fur- 
bish nor maintain; above all, schools 
unable to fill leaching posts in a 
growing list of subjects. 

There is an acute shortage ofteachere 
of maths, physics, technology and 
increasingly of computing, economics, 
business studies, languages and En- 
glish. The education department be- 
lieves that differential salaries will 
attract the missing graduates, but 
differential salaries over half the 
curriculum are dearly absurd. It is the 
elusive sense of being valued, of doing 

an important job well, that attracts 
good teachers. And time is running out- 

The teacher unions and the local 
education authorities have their part to 
play. They have to agree a contract 
which will protect teachers from the 
virtually unlimited obligations implied 
in the recent High Court ruling, without 
so prescribing their duties that the 
flexible management of schools and the 
teacher’s commitment are inhibited. 

They have to agree, too. a form of ap- 
praisal which will encourage better 
teaching, and they need to meet the 
Inspectorate's repeated criticism that it 
is not just buildings that are drab and 
uninspired but lessons too. Perhaps 
then we could begin to establish, with 
all the interested parties, the criteria we 
should be using when we talk glibly of 
“standards” and “success” in 

At every level the imperative now is 
leadership. Leadership shares decision- 
taking It delegates. It takes long views. 
This year's debate on surplus school 
places, untouched as yet by the uncom- 
fortable fact that our international 
competitors fill such places from their 
cohorts of eager 16 to 1 8 -year-olds, will 
test such leadership to the hilt. 

The author is head of King Edward VI 
School . Morpeth, and incoming presi- 
dent of the Secondary Heads 

Jack Spence evaluates South Africa’s strategic hold on the West 

Twenty years ago, the debate 
about South Africa's strategic 
importance to the West was 
conducted almost exclusively in 
terms of the republic's value as a 
military “bastion of the free 
world", astride the Cape route by 
which oil and other strategic 
commodities were shipped to 
Europe and the United States. 

The protection of this route was 
invariably cited by those who 
wished to engage South Africa's 
military and economic resources 
in the contest with Moscow. Their 
case -appeared even stronger with 
the deployment of Soviet ships in 
the Indian Ocean after 1968. 

There were angry exchanges in 
Parliament about the morality and 
usefulness of resuming arms sates 
to the republic, and the precise 
meaning of British obli&itions 
arising from the agreement by 
which Britain had access to South 
Africa's Simonstown naval base. 
The “spirit" of the agreement was 
invoked by Conservative and 
South African politicians alike to 
justify giving South Africa status 
as a quasi-member of Nato. 

In the 1970s. after Britain's 
withdrawal from Simonstown, the 
debate petered '60L~ Whatever 
private reservations were held by 
admirals, politicians and Penta- 
gon planners. Western policy was 
based on the assumption that 
conferring military respectability 
on the republic would incur 
political costs in terms of the 
West's relations with the Third 
World, and hand a propaganda 
advantage to the Soviet Union. 
Diplomatic caution was re- 
inforced by strategic arguments 
which. I believe, hold good today. 

Nobody disputes the im- 
portance of the Cape route as a 
vital trade artery: in 1981, for 
example, some 2,300 ships sailed 
it. delivering 57 per cent of 
western Europe's oil and 20 per 
cent of the United States' oil. In 
addition. 70 per cent of the West’s 
strategic raw materials were trans- 
ported by this route. 

Yet the Cape seems an improb- 
able choice on strategic grounds 
fora Soviet blockade. The stretch 
of sea between the Cape and 
Antarctica - unlike, by contrast, 
the Straits of Hormuz — could 
hardly be described as an effective 
chokepoint from which to harass 
and sink Western oil tankers and 
merchant ships. 

Nor does one have to take a 
benign view of Soviet policy to 
believe that such action — whether 
in the Gulf or around the Cape — 
would entail enormous political 
and military costs for Moscow, 
amounting to a declaration of war 
on the West which could hardly be 
limited to the southern oceans. 
Indeed, in 1980 Joseph Luns. 
Nato's secretary-general, stated 
categorically that contingency 
plans exist “to defend the Cape 
route in time of war". 

This, no doubt, is a source of 
some comfort to South Africa, but 
it is. in effect, a second-best 
solution and one that has denied 
its government the recognition 

Does Pretoria 
have a Cape 
card to play? 

: .. 'V > 

The Simonstown base: last overt symbol of interdependence 

which it believes its military 
capabilities and strategic position 
deserve. Despite occasional rum- 
blings over the years from within 
the Nato hierarchy to incorporate 
these capabilities, the argument 
that the republic, given its fierce 
anti-communist posture, would 
never refuse to make its facilities 
available in an emergency has 
been accepted as decisive. 

The West, therefore, has had the 
best of both worlds: a near-certain 
guarantee of South African 
availability without the political 
costs incurred by closer and public 
military cooperation. South Africa 
has not taken kindly to Western 
rejection of its overtures for 
greater recognition of its claims to 
be a lynchpin in Western defences. 

Threats to go it alone, to adopt a 
neutral position, have alternated 
with efforts to revive the idea of a 
South Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion (Sato) embracing South Af- 
rica. Brazil and Argentina. 

Both strategies were tested dur- 
ing the Falklands war. both were 
found wanting. — Despite its 
serious effort during the 1970s to 
reduce dependence on the West by 
establishing ties with half a dozen 

Latin American states. South Af- 
rica was unable to do more than 
observe a posture of strict neutral- 
ity (accusations of arms sales to 
Argentina remain unproven). The 
cost of commitment to the Ar- 
gentine cause — blatantly aban- 
doning the British (and the 
Western) connection — simply 
proved too high. 

Nor did the Sato prospect fare 
any better Brazil has never been 
enthusiastic, preferring to cul- 
tivate relations with a select group 
ofThird World states: and in any 
case doubt exists whether there is 
sufficient naval capability to make 
Sato credible. 

The parameters of the debate 
about South Africa's strategic 
value changed following the 1973 
oil crisis. Pretoria has ever since 
attempted to improve its bargain- 
ing posture by stressing its role as a 
supplier of materials vital to 
Western industrial and defence 
production. These, it is claimed, 
arc threatened by a long-term 
Soviet strategy of resource denial 
to the West. 

The importance of South Africa 
as a mineral supplier is not in 
doubt. Its share, for example, of 

the world's reserve base in four 
key minerals is high: the platinum 
group of metals (81 per cent), 
manganese (71 per cent), chrome 
(84 per cent), vanadium (47 per 
cent). In addition. South Africa is 
the second largest producer of 
manganese, platinum and 
chrome, and leads the field in gold 
and vanadium. 

The degree of dependence of 
Western countries on South 
Africa's supplies varies. The 
United Stales imports 41 per cent 
of its chrome from the republic: 
the EEC 48 per cent Japan 44 per 
cent. For manganese the figures 
are 41 per cent, 48 percent and 42 
per cent respectively. 

Three questions are posed by 
this dependence: how serious is 
the Soviel threat to disrupt sup- 
ply? Would a black successor 
regime in Pretoria threaten con- 
tinuity of supply to the West? 
Would South Africa deny mineral 
resources to the West in the event 
of sanctions? 

Answers to the first two are 
sometimes related on die apoca- 
lyptic assumption that a black 
government in Pretoria, in debt to 
the Soviel Union for military 
support in a war of liberation, 
would cut off supplies. Supporters 
of this thesis claim it holds good 
even if Mack rule is achieved 
through .a negotiated settlement. 

Yet both scenarios are inher- 
ently implausible: even a radical 
black- regime is likely - if the 
precedents of Angola and Zim- 
babwe are any guide — to have 
little alternative but to sell min- 
erals to the West to earn revenue 
for the task of reconstruction. 

Yet another ground for scep- 
ticism is the reasonable assump- 
tion that South Africa is not high 
on the list of Soviet priorities. The 
present stalemate between black 
and wbite gives ample propaganda 
advantage; and Moscow is inhib- 
ited from any direct military 
involvement for fear of confronta- 
tion — whether by accident or 
design - at the superpower leveL 

Second, the threat in the me- 
dium term is not cataclysmic 
upheavaL it is the risk of sporadic 
disruption, a slate of “unstable 
equilibrium''. It is to cope with 
this possibility that Western gov- 
ernments have been encouraged to 
build stockpiles, develop a na- 
tional (and cross-national) min- 
eral strategy and diversify sources. 

Finally, what prospect -of South 
African counter-sanctions using 
the mineral weapon to inhibit or 
blunt Western action? Faced with 
selective sanctions of the kind 
proposed by the Commonwealth 
and the EEC. it is improbable that 
Pretoria would retaliate. 

Minerals, after all. constitute 
over half the export trade and 
even in the event of extreme 
provocation the republic would 
make every effort to find sur- 
reptitious outlets for its products. 
Even now. businessmen are 
dusting off contingency plans to 
cope with that prospect 
The author is professor of politics 
. at Leicester University. 

Crispy-noodle clue to an eastern thaw 


Diplomats, like Napoleonic foot 
soldiers, march on their stomachs. 
Little wonder then that the first 
signs of a Si no-Soviet thaw should 
have been observed in the red- 
flocked interiors of Chinese res- 
taurants throughout eastern 
Europe. Against all the odds — 
noodle shortages, demanding 
cooks, conservative palates and. 
above all. international politics — 
they have been getting better. 

The first wave of Chinese 
restaurants was set up in the post- 
war glow of friendship between 
the Soviet Union and Maoist 
China. Enthusiastic ambassadors 
spread the word about bird's-nest 
soup. A Polish diplomai was 
behind the selling up of Warsaw's 
Restaurant Szanghai. and cooks 
were lured into the cold climate of 
Stalinist Europe. Budapest. 
Prague. East Berlin could all boast 
a reasonable Chinese cuisine. ' 

Slowly, though, matters drifted 
out of control. The natives began 
to demand more meatballs, fewer 
sharks' fins. Ginger and soya were 
nowhere to be found. After each 
successive Sino-Soviet border in- 
cident. the cooking got worse. 
Some chefs returned home: others. 

as in Poland, married local girls 
and were hopelessly corrupted. 

The SzanghaPs chef went to 
work in a Polish motel, handing 
his great work over to Polish 
apprentices, and soon it became 
the only Chinese restaurant in the 
world to serve gefilhe fish, the 
Jewish delicacy. Even that dis- 
appeared after the ami Semitic zeal 
of 1968. For the past months, 
however — even before the Soviet 
leader. Mikhail Gorbachov, gave 
encouraging signals to China in his 
Vladivostok speech in July — the 
fried rice has been improving. 

The talk is of opening a branch 
of the Szanghai and perhaps even 
starting a chain of Chinese res- 
taurants in Poland. The problem 
at the moment seems to be how to 
attract cooks from China: a good 
chef comes expensive; 

The son of the Hungarian quasi- 
dissident and ex-minister, Andras 
Hegcdus, used to have a neair- 
monopoly in Budapest's indif- 
ferent Chinese food with a 
restaurant in Duck Street, op- 
posite the secret police head- 
quarters. But since the first 
glimmer of a rapprochement in 
Sino-Sovict relations. ■ Budapest 
has gained a Szechuan restaurant 
that boasts oo fewer than 10 chefs 

imported under an intergovern- 
mental agreement 

The hot paprika pickle, the 
Chinese rice, the Baoing vinegar 
and the 100-day eggs are flown in 
from China (though the wits say 
that 100-day eggs are available in 
any respectable Polish restaurant), 
bamboo shoots and soya beans are 
strictly Comecon. fresh ginger 
comes daily from Vienna. The 
food is excellent. 

Prague, too. boasts a good 
Chinese restaurant though the 
prices are such that the Viet- 
namese immigrants can do little 
more than press their noses 
against the window. 

East European tastes arc becom- 
ing more sophisticated: that is pan 
of the reason for the rehabilitation 
of sweet-and-sour pork. But there 
are "also an increasing number of 
Chinese official visitors. They are 
interested in everything: Polish 
cars and coalmining equipment 
Hungarian buses. Hungarian and 
Polish concepts of decentralized 
reform. East German robots, air 
links. Polish training of Chinese 
journalists, and translations of 
Hungarian. Polish and German 
books. After such intensive re- 
search they need* to settle down to 
a good bowl of crispy noodles. 

The Soviet Moc is interested in 
doing business. And Gorbachov 
seems to have given eastern 
Europe the go-ahead to re-estab- 
lish full Communist Party links 
with China while the more com- 
plex problem of relations between 
Moscow and Peking is sorted out 

Those of us who have come to 
favour the Budapest Serpi Sze- 
chuan over the establishments in 
Gerard Street saw it coming a long 
time ago. One can of course read 
too much into culinary diplo- 
macy. There are those who detect 
a link between Soviet plans to 
open up a pizza network in the 
land of the October Revolution as 
the first step towards a summit 
between Gorbachov and the Pope. 

The idea is not completely 
fanciful. Coca-Cola signed its 
historic agreement with the Soviet 
Union in 1972. a symbol of 
detente that came three years 
before the Helsinki conference on 
European security and coopera- 
tion. In the long wait before the 
next Gorbachov- Reagan summit 
wc in eastern Europe will be 
closely watching the quality of 
hamburgers and apple pie. 

Roger Boyes 

Clement Freud 

New maps and 
old attitudes 

•V ! ■ 

.r.-i* fcV • 

The pundits who examine entrails 
of chickens - they are damned 
lucky in these eviscerated days to 
find chickens with entrails - have 
pronounced that the government s 
share in the esteem of the nation 
has risen to parity with Labours. 
Mori has spoken. 

The reason is dean no one has 
insulted anyone for a fortnighL. 
There has been no Today ui 

Parliament or Yesterday in Par- 
liament; oo one has done any” 
thing, said anything, promised 
anything or threatened anyone — 
except Geoffrey Dickens, who 
wants to send most people to 
prison. The Great British Public, 
left to its own devices, ever tends 
to revert to the status qua 

Naturally, when a select comm- 
ittee is set up. war declared, a Test 
match won or a decathlon lost, 
folk become uneasy and say 
“summat must be done". There 
has been nothing like that, hence 
the Tory star fades in the upward 

I took my sharper pair of 
scissors, dissected a bag of Earl 
Grey, added boiling water, drank 
most of the tea and swirled the 
leaves around in the bottom of my 
Charles and Diana royal wedding 
mug. The pattern showed that the 
next election will be on Thursday, 
October 1. 1987: polls open at 
7am, close at 10pm . . . then the 
picture became obscure. 

Tea leaves are only a little more 
accurate than pollsters, but Octo- 
ber 1 makes sense. Government 
keeps its head down at beginning 

of session, sells off whatever there 
is left of air. water, earth and fire, 

I gives away a bauble or two in the 
spring, takes an early summer 
break, enjoys the popularity that 
goes with silence, distributes pic- 
tures of Herself walking the dog by 
the seaside and goes to the country 
just before the SDP and Liberal 
assemblies are due to take place. 

The truth is that it is not so 
much policies as attitudes that 
bring a political party to the 
attention and into the hearts of 
people. When there are no politi- 
cal decisions on the stocks, do- 
zens forget about attitudes, forget 
about the hectoring of the right 
and the proposed nannying of the 

Then when a bespectacled PPE 
graduate stops you with her clip- 
board on behalf of the opinion poll 
j organization, and she smites a bit 
and-the sun shines a bit and the 
holiday has caused you to miss the 
latest unemployment figures, you 
don't want to be a killjoy and say 
“Let's get rid of this lot", even 
though that is the very sentiment 
which so. many electors employ on 
election day. . 

Let me disturb your first 
September day, 395 days before 
the next election, and tell you that 
■whatever goodies may come your 
way from this government, there 
is something rotten about the 
system. When I say rotten I do not 
mean so much corrupt as ar- 
rogant: I write of pushy, insen- 

sitive, closed government 
believing that "we know best" 
even when, as happens not infre- 
quently, there is only one of "we", 

1 resent government that is 
more caring about the conve- 
nience of administrators than the 
wellbeing of the citizen. ! mind 
particularly that when the official 
Opposition accuses a minister of 
some gross failing, the incumbent 
under attack, briefed by a bank of 
civil servants funded by the 
public, says this is nothing com- 
' pared with what went on when the 
other lot held power. "Yaryar- 
varyar," they cry in admiration 
from the minister’s side. 

I want to relate a short story: 

In 1976 I bought a map at a 
motorway service station. It was 
marked 60p and I peeled off the 
sticker to find it marked 30p: it 
had no M62, no Humber Bridge 
and. of course, no date. 

As a result. I introduced a 
private member's bill to make it I 
compulsory to daze maps. The 
Labour minister to whom I had 
suggested this thought it a good 
idea; he was surprised it was not 
already compulsory. 

One spring afternoon in 1977 1 
begged to move the first reading 
with all-party support 1 talked of 
the fact that magazines and news- 
papers had dates so that we could 
tell the current from the dated: 
mentioned that every year more 
roads and housing estates were 
built: and doubted whether any- 
one unconnected with the publica- 
tion of maps would not sooner 
spend a little extra money on an 
up-to-date map than “ensure that 
cartographers were afforded long 
print-runs" (the counterargument 
from the profession). 

The bill went through on the 
nod but when it came up for 
second reading a government 
whip shouted “Object!” Later that 
day, in the members' bar, 1 asked 
him why. He said Ordnance 
Survey had advised the minister 
to oppose the measure. Typically 
bloody Labour, said one of my 
Tory supporters . . . and in 1979, 
when there was a Tory govern- 
ment, I reintroduced iL 

It got enthusiastic support from 
a packed chamber . . . who were 
actually waiting for a debate on 
immigration. When it, in its turn, 
came for second reading, the 
government whip objected- The 
profits of the industry outweigh 
the convenience of the consumer 
under both philosophies. 

My friends S Williams and D 
Wilson are currently preaching 
Alliance concepts of open govern- 
ment and understanding to eager 
audiences around the land. What- 
ever the pollsters say. we shall 
have proportional representation 
and a bill of rights; dates on maps, 
also. And when a party comes up 
with the slogan People Matter— as- 
all parties have done in their time 
— we might make it obligatory for 
them to specify which people. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Cambridgeshire North-East. 

moreover Miles Kington 

A real run for 
their money 

Athletics originally had a close 
connection with real life. The 
marathon was based on the race to 
bring victory news to Athens, the 
pentathlon simulated a messenger 
who had to ride, shoot and swim 
his way across country, and so on. 
But running round and round a 
track, or driving round the empty 
streets of Birmingham, has no 
connection with any genuine 
activity. This is why new contests 
are emerging with serious rele- 
vance to modern life. So far they 
have gone un reported, but More- 
over is proud to give a rundown of 
the tournaments that bid lair to 
dominate sport in the 1990s. 

The British Cling FQm Champion- 
ship: Of ail the materials which 
have made modern life so in- 
convenient. Cling Film is the most 
intractable. Competitors in this 
lough three-day event are called 
upon to perform such feats as 
covering a hot bowl of soup, 
wrapping four sandwiches in one 
package, finding the loose end on a 
new roll of Cling Film, re-using an 
old piece of Cling Film, and 
unwrapping a tray of sausages at a 
BBC preview prior to eating them 
alL The final event is the hardest: 
being given a wad of compacted 
Cling Film and having lo unravel 
it- Central London. October. 

The British Warm-Air Hand- 
Drying Contest In the qualifying 
heats, competitors merely have to 
dry their hands without blowing 
the moisture up their sleeves, dry 
their feces, and get rid of stains on 
their shirts. In the semi-finals they 
have to cool six bowls of soup on a 
tray and balance as many ping- 
pong balls as possible on the 
column of air. In the final they 
have to use the air to play the 
musical instrument of their 
choice. Nobody has ever won this 
hardest of all contests. Pork 
Scratchings Service Area, Ml. 

The Cross-Birmingham Super Su- 
per Prix. Anyone can drive cars 
fast round an empty city, but to 
drive them fast across a normal 
efty in the rush-hour demands 
super-capabilities, knowledge of 
back streets and the ability to 
outwit the police. The City of 
Birmingham has poured millions 
of pounds into making the town 
difficult to cross at the best of 
times: the winner of this 24-hour 
race has to be a true champion. 
One Saturday in September. 

American Grand Prix de 
Tourisme: Originally conceived 
for the tourist industry, but open 
to any enterprising private citizen, 
this requires competitors to locate 
at least two American tourists and 
persuade them to go to a destina- 
tion which is not Stratford, Lon- 
don. Edinburgh. Bath or Oxford. 
The winner of last year’s contest 
convinced Mr and Mrs Kugelbeim 
of Philadelphia that a fortnight in 
Coventry would be just dandy. 
Computer Comprehension Con- 
test: Using only the instructions 
supplied with a computer, the 
contestants have to work out how 
it works. Another contest never 
won with full marks. 

The Saucy Snapshot Contest The 
winner is the contestant who 
manages to get the naughtiest roll 
of film developed by his or her 
local chemist, without their send- 
ing for the police. Judges include 
Danny la Rue, Benny Hill and 
Michael Grade. 

Pub Lifting Championship: Have 
you ever fended a beermat or 
ashtray in your local pub, and 
come home with it at the end of 
the evening? Then this contest is 
for you. All you have to do is come 
back with the largest collection of 
trophies after one evening out 
Last year's winners chalked up 26 
ashtrays, three Victorian settles, 
five rigarene machines and a girl 
selling War Cry. so competition is 
bound to be very stiff 

An Evening Out with Channel 4: 
No. this is not the prize, this is the 
competition. AH entrants have to 
watch a whole evening of Channel 
4. then answer questions on what 
titey have seen in Icelandic 
Spanish and mime, or in English 
with subtitles. 

Think of Something Selina 
Scott Could Do Contest That's all 
one has to do. But it's not as easy 
as it sounds. 

Be Captain or England's Cricket 
XI For a Day: Most of us will, no 
doubt, be captain of the England 
Test team some time during the 
next 10 years. But the winner of 
the contest is he who - most 
convinringly sketches out what he 
would say to Ian Botham during 
his captaincy. 

Think of a Use for Cedi Parkinson 
or Jeffrey Archer. Like all the 
others, this is a genuine contest. 
Answers to 10 Downing Street. 

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inh« n ?f r l ] le editorship of Mr 
Jonn Lloyd, rejuvenating itself 
as a sharp and, so far, an 
honest periodica] of the left 
Tne current issue treats the 

any other sectional group 

J" B ^ g 5 ,on Union rmTi.™; 

swthing frankness of the kind than the 
which only true friendship 
would permit. 

• - What catches the eye is not 
the magazine's rehearsal of 
trends in the pattern of work in 
the United Kingdom favour- 
ing the employment of women 
and part-timers, which are 
■ inimical to traditional onion 
organization. Nor its recog- 
nition of shop-floor attitudes 
antagonistic to collectivism in 
general and in particular to 
union attempts to interfere 
with the relationship of in- 
dividual employee and em- 

It is not even the recital of 
the pretensions of Mr Arthur 
Sea rgi 1 1 or Mr Ken Gill to the 
leadership of a “labour 
movement" which exists only 
in the grimy incunabula put 
out by the sectarian brother- 
hoods of the far left — their 
rhetorical balloons regularly 
inflated at TUC conferences 
by more realistic general sec- 
retaries possessing insufficient 
courage to tell the class war- 
riors the battle was lost long 

What the New Statesman 
has done; wittingly or not, is 
make a grand admission. For it 
labels the trade unions neither 
as a movement nor a power 
bloc: it gives them the status 
neither of a partner of elected 
government nor of some cor- 
porate entity which Cabinets 
ought to consult or incor- 
porate. As of 1986 it rules out 
social contracts, memoranda 
of understanding, all of the 
apparatus built since the Sec- 
ond World War to give the 
unions a place at the high 
table. To the new New States- 
man the British trade unions 
are no more than 'Voluntary 

power is no more 
money and energy 
which a large but diminishing 
number of disparate members 
with differing interests ,-will 
bring as a matter of free choice. 

That admission is the left's 
recognition of Mrs Thatcher’s ' 
achievement in ending the 
unions’ pretensions — which 
they never had the power to 
fulfill — to regulate economic 
life and through that Par- 
liamentary democracy. It 
should mean something, too, 
for Mr Kinnock. 

Friendship with this set of . 
voluntary organizations, pre- 
paredness to consult and talk 
with them: that is every La- 
bour leaders' stock in trade. 
But he,' unlike every prede- 
cessor since Attlee relin- 
quished the Labour lea- 
dership, is surely now in- 
tellectually able to prepare a 
plan for government that does 
not depend on the vagaries of 
general council votes and can- 
not be sabotaged by the sheer 
inability of the unions to act as 
armies of conscripts when they 
are mere loose associations. 
Mr Kinnock's freedom, a bo- 
nus from the Prime Minister, 
is good for British politics ax 

From this new characteriza- 
tion of the trade unions fol- 
lows the right way to view 
proceedings in Brighton this 
week. Re-describing them as 
voluntary organizations puts 
the debate about ballots in 
context The New Statesman 
says the trade unions are the 
“most important set, of vol- 
untary organizations in the 
country”. That may be so, jn 
terms of numbers of members. 

It behoves us to listen to the 
TUC when and. if it is 
articulating the opinion of 

those, numbers on matters of 
employment But we should 
beware putting the salience of 
its views much higher than any 
other parallel grouping, for 
example the National Council 
for Voluntary Organizations. 

The. TUC or rather its 
constituent unions, have not, 
until recently, made much of 
the science of collecting to- 
gether and enunciating mem- 
bers' opinion. A reason for this 
has been the heterogeneous 
nature of union members’ 
views, and the fact they sit 
uncomfortably within any of 
the pre-packaged resolutions 
beloved of union officials and 

So when, this week, the 
TUC is urged to adopt a view 
on. say, the use of nuclear fuels 
in the generation of electricity, 
it will be well to examine the 
process by which the millions 
of members have been polled 
on the question. In feet, 
observers .are unlikely to get 
that far, for it will be all too ob- 
vious that positions on the 
nuclear question are predeter- 
mined by economic interests, 
and they differ a priori. 

Mr McGahey and Mr 
ScaigilL even if they were less 
ideologically rigid, would be 
anti-nuclear: Mr Lyons and 
Mr Hammond would be pro- 
or equivocal, because towards 
such positions runs the logic of 
their members* interests. 

A fact of life in Britain in the 
1980s is that attitudes towards 
work and towards employee 
status are changing, at speed 
but always depending on the 
circumstances of industry. 
Any presentation by the TUC 
of a single employee viewpoint 
will be suspect: there patently 
is none. Yet for the TUC to 
attempt to guage the increasing 
spread of opinion even within 
the organized sector of emp- 
loyment would allow only the 
blandest of resolutions on any 
subject to secure general as- 


A thousand men walk out of 
one of NorthenHreland’s larg- 
est employers after they have 
been forbidden to display 
Union Jacks and loyalist em- 
blems at the workplace. Irish- 
‘ American . lobbies urge dis- 
investment in an economy 
already registering 22 per cent 
unemployment The dispute 
simmers against a backdrop of 
increasingly frequent random 
sectarian assassination. An 
industrial relations compro- , 
mise of sorts cools the tem- 

From a distance, this quarrel 
may have looked quaint or 
bizarre. But it goes to the heart 
of the differences between the 
Protestant and Unionist and 
Roman Catholic and Nation- 
alist communities in Northern 

Two problems overlapped 
at Short Brothers aircraft fac- 
tory in Belfast Whatever the 
. success — and there has been 
little so for — of government 
efforts to prevent discrimina- 
tion in employment large 
imbalances do exist in several 
major industries in the prov- 
ince. Some 14 per cent of the 
Short Brothers’ workforce is 
drawn from the 40 per cent of 
the population that is Catholic; 
the firm is typical of local 
engineering businesses. 

Reducing this unevenness is 
desirable. But the breakdown 
of numbers at Short Brothers 
is not itself evidence of con- 
scious and current discrimina- 
tion. Religious discrimination 
in Ulster is hard to prove: it is 
none the less illegal. Those two 
facts should alone be enough 

to nullify the absurd compari- 
son with South Africa which is 
being made in the United 

A second factor at Short 
Brothers was tension over the 
signing of the Hillsborough 
Agreement Unionists wish to 
protest about the agreement 
and to display their allegiance 
to the United Kingdom. No 
fault can be found with legal 
protest or allegiance displayed 
in the form of a Union Jack. 

There are, however, a num- 
ber of “Loyalists” whose alle- 
giance takes anti-Catholic 
form: harrassment and in- 
timidation, house-burning and 
murder. Again last week we 
watched Unionist and Loyalist 
politicians and spokesmen at 
work who were quite un- 
prepared to distinguish the 
legal and the illegal 

Within the area of legal 
action, the question of what 
goes on the factory walls is one 
for the management of the 
company concerned alone. An 
employer in Northern Ireland 
with any sense and any desire 
to win international orders will 
ensure that much time and 
effort is devoted to internal 
harmony. At the very least he 
will want to demonstrate de- 
sire to hire labour without 
regard to denomination or 
political belief. 

American governments of 
recent years have understood 
that “discrimination” in Nor- 
thern Ireland usually springs 
from the employees and not 
the employers: the problem is 
not one to be solved overnight 
by laws or governments. Simi- 

larly, the 40 miUion Ameri- 
cans who claim some form of 
Irish aheestory are mostly little 
interested in Northern Ireland 
and hot likely to take compari- 
sons with South Africa too 
seriously if the company case 
is well presented. 

But there is a vociferous 
republican minority which is 
capable of inducing short-term 
panics in both governments 
and companies. Those ac- 
tivists, particularly Noraid 
(the IRA fund-raising outfit) 
and the Irish-American Cau- 
cus, are devoted to showing 
that Northern Ireland cannot 
work as a society or economy 
while inside the United King- 
dom. They can only assert this 
by trading on transatlantic 
blindness and ignoring ev- 
idence to the contrary. 

The Irish-American lobbies 
have been steadily eroded by 
counter-pressure, particularly 
from the Irish government 
Such recent success should 
not, however, induce any com- 
placency. EaCh incident which 
re-awake ns their campaign 
calls for fresh work by both 
British and Irish governments. 

Unionism continues to cry 
out for leadership. The boycott 
of local councils is slowly 
beginning to crumble. Mr 
James Molyneaux, leader of 
the Official Unionist party, 
now has so little to say to the 
world that he has formally 
“suspended” his relations with 
journalists. No better symbol 
of the mute and directionless 
drift of moderate Unionism 
could be imagined. 


Choice between early warnings 

From Sir Peter Hordern , MP far 
Horsham (Conservative) 

Sir. It seems likely that, some time 
soon, the Cabinet will deride 
which of two early-warning sys- 
tems. either Nimrod or the 
AW ACS system, should be se- 
lected to guard ourcountry aga i n s t 
surprise attack. It wiH surely be a 
difficult and complex decision, 
weighing up the advantages of our 
own independent, though hugely 
expensive system, as yet un- 
proven. against a proven Ameri- 
can system. 

Yet it will be a derision whose 
ramifications go far beyond the 
choice of the early-warning sys- 
tem. important though that u. For 
over 20 years- successive defence 
While Papers have stressed the 
need for deeper international 
collaboration in purchasing de- 
fence equipment yet only recently 
has there been any measurable 
progress in this direction. 

And the cost of this equipment, 
£900 million in the case of 
Nimrod. £5.000 million in the 
•case of torpedoes, when cheaper, 
proven alternatives were avail- 
able. lies not just in the burden 
upon our defence budget, but in 
the cost of other public expen- 
diture forgone, where it is most 

I believe that we spend more of 
our total national expenditure on 
research for defence, some 50 per 
cent, than does any other country 
and !' think we are much the 
poorer for it Too often, the 
assumption is made that there isa 
straight choice between increasing 
public expenditure, upon our 
education and health systems, for 
example, and cutting taxes. 

Yet the truth is that our national 
priorities change over time, and 
our public expenditure should 
reflect these chains. For it is hard 
to argue convincingly that the 
standards of education m our 
schools are high enough now to 
continue to afford the rapid 
.escalation in costs of defence 
equipment, with precious little u> 
show for it. 

If the Cabinet chooses a system 
which demonstrates a greater 
commitment to international 
collaboration in defence equip- 
ment. then we should have both 
more to spend on our public 
services and be better able to cut 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Comments. 

August 27. 

O-Ievel errors 

From Mr P. D. R. Talbot Willcox 
Sr. The case reported in your 
columns today (August 28) or the 
computer error affecting the 
grades ofO-level candidates raises 
the question whether other un- 
detected computer errors are 
resulting m injustice and danger. 
The statement made by the Sec- 
retary of the Cambridge Board 
that “with new computer pro- 
grammes we cannot find out 
mistakes until something 
happens” is hardly reassuring. 

The error was sufficiently gross 
to excite determined questioning 
by those most obviously affected. 
But one dreads to think what 
might have happened if only a 
smaller number of pupils had been 
affected. There are many other 
computer applications where er- 
rors of this kind would have more 
serious and even disastrous im- 
plications. not least being medical 
and criminal records. 

Is it not time for a Government 
enquiry to be held into ways and 
means of legislating to ensure that 
all potentially dangerous pro- 
grammes are thoroughly checked 
before they are used? 

Yours faithfully. 

Rodwdl House.' 

Middlesex Street. El.- 
August 28. 

School lessons v 

From Dr R. F. Holland 
Sir. Yet again Mr CorreUi Barnett, 
in his response to Professor Elton 
in your columns (August 271 
attributes contemporary British 
woes to what be conceives as the 
aesthetic-liberal tradition of our 
universities. How nice if he were 
even half-right; a quick dose of 
curricular reform would, presum- 
ably, see us all in easy street. 

Of course, he is seven eighths 
wrong. Mr Barnett should not 
believe everything he reads in late 
Victorian Blue Books, or even 
what he is told when consulting 
“senior industrialists”, doubtless 
over a fine repast, as to the 
unmitigated culpability of our 
educational system. When na- 
tional aspirations are not met. it is 
hardly surprising that occupa- 
tions. institutions and classes 
attempt to deflect responsibility 
on to others: but this is not the 
stuff of serious, even utilitarian 

The truth is that no permuta- 
tion of “blame” will help us face 
the future by clarifying the past, 
even if it makes good senior 
common room antics. What we 
need (and do not yet possess) is a 
persuasive, connected account of 
the strategic choices and traits of 
British life in the twentieth cen- 
tury. marking successes as wen as 
failures along the way. 

Cheap jokes about Victorian 
morality and its legacy do not rate; 
they do not even make sense about 
a country apparently eager, in a 
crunch, to participate in every 
scrap going. 

Yours faithfully, 


Institute of Commonwealth 

27-28 Russell Square, WC1. 
August 28. 

From Mrs R. A. Southern 
Sir. Professor Sir Geoffrey Elton 
(August 21) criticizes 
comprehensives and A level “as at 
present constructed”. His criti- 
cisms are negative and singularly 
unhelpful at this time of year. 

By implication, he condemns 
successful candidates off to 
university with the achievement 
of three high-grade A levels; 
aspirants to A level In 1987: 
unsuccessful candidates of 1986 
prepared to admit that they did 
not perform well enough and try 
again; teachers involved in 
educating and preparing all these 
for an admittedly selective and 
demanding examination. 

Demand for places exceeds 
supply at universities. ' '.*• 

Sir Geoffrey regards education 
as “not really natural to mankind” 
and acquired by the few. He fails 
to take notice of those wanting 
university education who have no 
choice but to battle within the 
existing system. 

Confidence in A levels (not 
without faults) involves con- 
fidence in our national education 
system, "one of the country's 
widely respected glories". This 
includes the glory of study in 
depth, beginning at a compar- 
atively young age. and acceptance, 
in the last resort, of precisely 
graded results. 

Yours faitiifiily. 


The Westminster Tutors Ltd. 

2 Westminster Palace Gardens, 
Artillery Row. SW1. 

August 22. 

EEC-Japan trade 

From Mr L. Jan Brinkhont 
Sir. Mr Bourlet's remarkable 
conclusions on EC trade policy 
with Japan (August 1 1 ) should not 
remain unanswered. They contain 
a plea for abandonment of the 
common EC commercial policy, 
leaving trade policy matters to Uie 
member states’ embassies in 
their traditionally experienced 
and effective way”. 

Ii may have escaped ihe mien- 
lion of Mr Bouriet that the UK has 
joined the European Community, 
one of whose main puiposes tor 
nearly 30 years has been the 
creation of a common maritet 
with, as its external corollary, a 
common commercial policy ns a 
vis third countries. 

Unfortunately, the common 
trade policy vis a rtf Japan 

marked by many, national excep- 
tions. 1 consider it a compbmcnl 
that, in Mr Bourlci s words, the 
EC has achieved “a break b t . ll ™ u f? 

in wresting decision-making on 

trade policy” vis d ns Japa 1 “ 

EC member governments to jhe 
EC itself. In fact, it is nothing 
' more than the normal application 

of treaty rules. . tMUar Ac 
The non-applicatton towards 

Japan was the exception rather 
than the rule to which Mr Bouriet 
apparently would like to return. 
All member governments (includ- 
ing the UK) now consider it in 
their interests to display more 
unity in their trade policy towards 
Japan. Japan respects strength, 
not weakness. A sound relation- 
ship can only flourish on sound 
foundations. . . , 

The European Commissions 
task is not to further protec- 
tionism. but rather to ensure that 
EC industry can progress under 
reasonable conditions of fair com- 
petition. The choice is therefore 
not between free, unimpeded 
trade or EC protectionism but 
between 12 national individual 
restrictive trade policies or a 
common EC line, bringmg.some 
order to an otherwise chaotic 

situation. , . . 

The EC approach towards Ja- 
pan has ihrcc objectives: to secure 
an effective market opening in 
Japan: to plead for export modera- 
tion in cases where Japanese 
exports arc threatening to destroy 
sectors of industry which are 
dcariv viable in the medium and 
longer term: and to induce Euro- 
pean industry to become more 
active in the Japanese market. 

No serious commentator would 
contend that the Commission is 
“frightening European business 
away”: certainly not BMW or 
Wedgwood, two companies which 
have benefited from the European 
Executive Training Programme 
which allows young European 
businessmen to study for 18 
months in Japan. 

Constructive criticism of the EC 
approach towards Japan is always 
welcome. I would seriously hope 
that Mr Bouriet will find time to 
inform himself correctly of the 
nature of the rationale of our. 
policies at. the ECs diplomatic 
delegation in Tokyo. While await- 
ing his arrival 1 trust he will- 
understand that we have no 
intention of following his advice 
to pack our duty-free bags and 
close the office! 

Yours faithfully. 

Head of Delegation. 

Delegation of the Commission of 
the European Communities in 

Kowa 25 Bldg_ 

8-7 Sanbancho. 


Tokyo 1 01 Japan. 

August 25. 

Fall of the bowler 

From Mr George Curtis 
Sir. Your reports upon the un- 
timely death of the bowler hat 
(Fourth Leader. August 23) have 
caused consternation m the shires, 
where it is fervently hoped that 
they are greatly exaggerated. 
Bowlers are the obligatory head- 
gear of every selfrespecting stew- 
ard at any agricultural show: 
without such distinctive apparel 
chaos will reign. 

Must our way of Kfe end? For 
want of a nail the shoe might have 
been lost, but for want of a bowler 
the show win surely be lost. The 
decline of rural England is now 

I remain. Sir, your humble but 
much afeard hayseed. 


Dalebrook House, 

Dedham. Colchester. Essex. 

From Mr G. W. Hannah 
Sir. May I be permitted to raise the 
spirits of all who felt downcast on 
reading your Fourth Leader, with 
its assertion that “the bowfer hat’s 
day has come and gone”? 

One vital group still wearing 
this form of headgear are the 
stalwart potters of Oxford and 
Cambridge colleges, immortalised 
by Tom Sharpe’s indomitable 
Skullion. Here the bowler is still 
wry much a symbol of “pride, 
dignity, rectitude and 
. . . .power.” 

Yours sincerely. 


Summer Fields. Oxford. 

From Mr Roy McComish 
Sir. In today's Fourth Leader you 

omit to mention the bowler-hatted 
marchers of the Orange Orders on 
both sides of the Irish Sea who still 
display enthusiasm for- their tra- 
ditional headgear. The grim 
anonymity of the face mask and 
beret would prove a much less 
attractive alternative if your light- 
hearted forecast of the fall or the 
bowler realty came true. 

I remain, your obedient servant, 
ROY McCOMISH, Headmaster. 
Box Hill School 
Mickteham. Dorking. Surrey. 
August 23. 

From Mr Bill Dixon 

Sir. Tbe bowler hat is alive and, 

almost literally, kicking. 

Bowler hats were once worn by 
several of the traditional Cotswold 
Morris sides and I am proud to say 
that this custom is maintained 
uniquely by the London Pride 
Morris Men, who have been 
dancing in the City of West- 
minster and the Gty of London 
for over 50 years. 

Yours faithfidly; 

BILL DIXON. Bagman. 

London Pride Morris Men. 

14 Talbot Road. 

Isleworth. Middlesex. 

From Mrs Mary Delorme 
Sir. How can The Times be so 
lacking in culture? Cast your eyes 
above the common herd to that 
great musician. Acker Bilk. His 
bowler is still in situ: long may ft 

Yours regretfully (being the wrong 
sex. for such sartorial distinction). 

Sunnyside Cottage. 

Shepion Mallei. Somerset. 

August 28- 

Morality and Aids 

From Dr Anne Ciarke 
Sir. Wherein lies the cowardice in 
Digby Anderson's recent article on 
Aids of which Dr Davenport- 
Hines (August 26) complains? On 
the contrary. Mr Anderson has 
had the courage to speak plainly 
about this insidiously spreading 
and fatal disease. • 

It is rather to the public health 

authorities that any charge of 
moral cowardice should be put 
For heterosexual and homosexual 
alike the only safe way of avoiding 
sexually transmissible diseases is 
to have and keep faithfully- to one 
partner, and the Department of 
Health should be spelling this out 
The Department is not short of 
elaborate advice to doctors and 
other professionals treating a sus- 
pect Aids case: why is it apparently 

Churches’ claim 
to listing favour 

From the Secretary of the 
Churches Main Committee 
Sir. From recent correspondence 
(latterly the letter from the Direc- 
tor of the Council for British 
Archaeology (August 18)) the jus- 
tification for retaining the present 
ecclesiastical exemption from 
lined-building control would 
seem, once again, to be coming 
under challenge. On the present 
occasion comments have centred 
on churches other than the Church 

The arrangements in these 
churches in this connection (other 
than the Church in Wales) are 
different from those in the Church 
of England; but there is no 
evidence to suggest that 
responsibilities are taken less seri- 
ously. Further, the extent of the 
exemption is more limited outside 
the Church of England. 

Once again, the suggestion is 
being made that it is unreasonable 
for ecclesiastical buildings to be 
treated differently in this context 
from secular buildings. Perhaps I 
might be permitted to remind 
your readers of the following: 

1. A secular building has a value in 
the market place which is most 
frequently enhanced by listing and 
to which commercial consid- 
erations will thereby apply. There 
is no market for churches whilst 
they continue in use as such. 

2. A secular building usually 
provides benefit of personal 
enjoyment either on an individual 
or a group basis. A church is 
rooted in the community. 

3. A secular building is normally 
under restricted (usually personal) 
control in matters of maintenance, 
etc. A church is subject to a much 
more broadly based and account- 
able measure of responsibility. 

Finally, the suggestion has been 
made that “religious observance is 
enhanced by a respect for monu- 
ments of the past” (letter, August 
1 1). This may well be so, in spite 
of a lack of supporting hard 
evidence. But history shows that 
religious observance increasingly 
flourishes most readily under 
conditions of hardship — e-g^ 
persecution — where its practice 
has necessarily to take plan apart 
from monuments of the past 
Yours faithfully. 


Churches Main Committee. 
Fidden House. 

Little College Street, 

.Westminster. SW1. 

August 18. 

Uncertain glories 

From Mr A/an Searfe ' 

Sir. There is a further good reason, 
in addition to those given by Lord 
Annan (feature, August 22), for 
celebrating the Glorious Revolu- 
tion of 168&; . ■ 

American historians now agree 
that thegenesisand inspiration for 
their revolution of 1776 is to be 
found in our own of 1688, that the 
two are linked together. 

If the Americans can celebrate 
enthusiastically and justifiably the 
Fourth of July each year, surely we 
must be able to raise a lusty cheer 
just once every 100 years for our 
own revolution. Indeed, we 
should ask the Americans to 

After all on July 4 they are only 
paying indirect homage to our 
political traditions and history 
and to our revolution of 1688. 
Yours sincerely. 

67 Fitzgerald Road, El I. 

August 23. 

Birmingham racing 

From Mr J. Skqffington 
Sir. Now that the Birmingham 
.Grand Prix (sic) has ended, 
predictably in fiasco. I would 
advise the city fathers to set aside 
once and for all their highly 
embarrassing and misconceived 
notion that this deeply unattrac- 
tive place is the future cultural and 
sporting centre of the United 

That the start of this non-event 
was delayed by vandalism (report, 
August 25) will come as no 
surprise to many who. like myself 
have lived here all our lives and 
know the place and its people all 
too welL 

The rain-swept scenes of urban 
aridity at least provided a glimpse 
of the reality behind the absurd 
claims that this is a suitable place 
to hold the Olympic Games. 

Yours etc. 


54 Trinity Road. 

Sutton Coldfield. West Midlands. 

From Mr Anthony LEO. Clark 
Sir. Your leader of today’s date 
(August 25). likening Birmingham 
to Monaco, finishes with the 
words "Casino Square". May I 
point out that Place Casino in 
Monaco has been known, on 
account of tbe circular garden in 
its middle, to generations of 
English residents as “The Cheese” 
and should not be translated as 
Casino Sfrot/p. (The French use of 
“square” is often not square, as in 
the “Square du Vert-Galant” in 
Paris, which is an isosceles tri- 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

28 Medina Avenue. 

Esher. Surrey. 

August 25. 

frightened when it comes to 
advising the general public of the 
one effective way of preventing 
the sexual spread of the disease? 

Prevention is better than cure: 
even more so is it better than no 

Yours faithfully, 

7 Poiwilhen Road. 

Penzance. Cornwall. 


- SEPTEMBER 11888 

The second murder attributed to 
Jack the Ripper was followed a 
week later ay that of Anrue 
Chapman. The Times leader 
found a parallel to the crimes in 
Edgar Allan Poe's Murders is the 
Rue Morgue 

Another murder of the foulest 
kind was committed in the 
neighbourhood of Whitechapel in 
the early hours of yesterday morn- 
ing. but by whom and with what 
motive is at present a complete 
mystery. At a quarter to 4 o'clock 
Police-constable Neill 97 J, when 
in Buck’s- row, Whitechapel, came 
upon the body of a woman lying on 
a part of the footway, and on 
stooping to raise her up in the 
belief that she was drunk he 
discovered that her throat was cut 
almost from ear to ear. She was 
dead but still warm. He procured 
assistance and at once sent to the 
station and for a doctor. Dr. 
Llewellyn, of Whitechapel-road, 
whose surgery is not above 300 
yards from the spot where the 
woman lay. was aroused, and, at 
the solicitation of a const ab l e , 
dressed and went at once to the 
scene. He inspected the body at the 
place where it was found and 
pronounced the woman dead. He 
made a hasty examination and 
then discovered that, besides the 
gash across the throat, tbe woman 
had terrible wounds in the 
abdomen. . . 

After the body was removed to 
the mortuary of the parish, in Old 
Montague-street, Whitechapel, 
steps were taken to secure, if 
possible, identification, but at first 
with little prospect of 
success.. .As the news of the 
murder spread, however, first one 
woman and then another came 
forward to view the body, and at 
length H was found that a woman 
answering the description of the 
murdered woman had lodged in a 
common lodging-house, 18, 
Thrawl-street, Spitalfields. Wom- 
en from that place were fetched 
and they identified the deceased as 
“Polly,” who had shared a room 
with three other women in the 
place on the usual terms of such 
houses — nightly payment of 4d- 
each, each woman having a sepa- 
rate bed. It was gathered that the 
deceased had led the life of an 
“unfortunate'* while lodging in the 
house, which was only for about 
three weeks past Nothing more 
was known of her by them but that 
when she presented herself for her 
lodging on Thursday night she was 
turned away by the deputy because 
she had not the money. She was 
then the worse for drink, but not 
drunk, and turned away laughing, 
saying, “HI soon get my ‘doss' 
money: see what a jolly bonnet Tve 
got now." She was wearing a 
bonnet which she bad not been 
seen with- before, and left the 
lodging-house door. A woman of 
the neighbourhood saw her later 
she told the police — even as late as 
2 80 on Friday morning — in 
Whitechapel-road. opposite the 
church and at the comer of 
Osboroe-street, and at a quarter to 
A she was found within 500 yards of 
the spot, murdered. Tbe people of, 
the lodging-house knew her as 
PoUy," but at about half-past 7 
last evening a woman named Mary 
Ann Monk, at present an inmate of 
Lambeth Workhouse, was taken to 
the mortuary and identified the 
body as that of Mary Ann Nicholls, 
also called "Polly” Nicholls. She 
knew her, she said, as they were 
inmates of the Lambeth Work- 
house together in April and May 
last, the deceased having been 
passed there from another work- 
house. On tbe 12th of May, 
according to Monk. Nicholls lot 
the workhouse to take a situation 
as servant at IngtesMe. Wands- 
worth -co mm on. It afterwards be- 
came known that Nicholls 
betrayed her trust as domestic 
servant, by stealing £3 from her 
employer and absconding. From 
that time she had been wandering 
about. Monk met her, she said, 
about six weeks ago when herself 
out of tbe workhouse and drank 
with her. She was sure the deceased 
was “Polly" NichoQs, and. having 
twice viewed the features as tbe 
body lay in a shell, maintained her 
opinion. . . Tbe police have no 
theory with respect to the matter, 
except that a gang of ruffians exists 
in tbe neighbourhood, which, 
blackmailing women of the 
“unfortunate" class, takes ven- 
geance on those who do not find 
money for them. They base that 
surmise on the fact that within 12 
months two other women have 
been murdered in the district fry 
almost similar means — one as 
recently as the 6th of August last — 
and left in the gutter of the street in 

the early hours of the morning. If 
the woman was murdered on tbe 
spot where the body was found, it is 
almost impossible to believe she 
would not have aroused the 
neighbourhood by her screams, 
Bucks-row being a street tenanted 
all down one side by a respectable 
class of people. superior to many of 
the surrounding streets, the other 
aide having a blank wall bounding a 

Heat of the moment 

From Mr R. H. Wright 
Sir. I am glad to be reminded by 
Mrs Hocking (August 26) and to 
confirm the efficiency of the 
'“Volcano" kettle, which did very 
well in the service of three 
impatient cooks while crossing the 
Sahara, on leave from Northern 
Nigeria, in 1937. 

We. loa found the airmail 
Times to be too volatile a fuel and 
relied on. Government annual 
reports to make a more stodgy 
contribution to our wellbeing. 
Yours faithfully. 


The Mill Cottage. 

51 Mill Street. 


August 26. 





August 31: Divine Service was 
held in Crathie Parish Church 
this morning. 

The Sermon was preached by 
the Right Reverend Professor 
Robert Craig (Moderator of the 
General .Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland). 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
Coionel-in-Chicf. Queen's Own 
Highlanders (Seaforth and 
Camerons) this morning at- 
tended the Service for the 
Laying Up orihe Old Colours in 
the Fori George Chapel. Fort 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Inverness (Lieutenant-Com- 
mander Lachlan Mackintosh) 
and the Colonel of the Regiment 
I Major-General John 

August 30: Lady Jean Rankin 
has succeeded Ruth. Lady 
Fermoy as Lady-in-Waiting to 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 

Birthdays today 

Mr David Bairstow, 35; Sir 
Kenneth A. Bradshaw, 64: Mr 
N. H. Castle. 73; Miss Barbara 
Dean. 62: Sir Errol dos Santos, 
96: Mr Gwynfor Evans, 74; Air 
Chief Marshal Sir Robert Freer, 
63: Mr Alien Jones. 49; Lord 
O'Neill. S3; Miss Daphne Park, 
65: Sir Austin Pearce. 65; Lord 
Riverdalc. 85; Dr Brian Russell, 
82: Mr Milton Shuiman, 68; 
Lord Thomson of Fleet, 63. 


HM Government 
Mr John MacKay. Minister for 
Home Affairs, Health and So- 
cial Work: was host at a recep- 
tion held last night at 6 
Charlotte Square. Edinburgh, on 
the occasion of the World 
Conference of the English- 
Speaking Union of the 

Thanksgiving service 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Beryl Markham will be 
held at St Clement Danes, 
Strand. London, on Thursday. 
September 4. at noon. For 
further information please tele- 
phone 0722-330618. 

Clifford Longley 

Preparing priests for 
the real world 

Only a church which relishes 
anomalies and illogicalities 
would tolerate for long the 
present system of training for 
the ministry in the Church of 
England. For it leaves this 
vital channel for supplying the 
next generation of clergy al- 
most entirely in the hands of 
private enterprise, and almost 
entirely under the control of 
“party" interests. 

But it may soon be the turn 
of the 13 Anglican theological 
colleges (plus the inter- 
denominational Queen's Col- 
lege at Birmingham) to come 
under public scrutiny, for 
there are signs of an increasing 
suspicion that they ought to 
bear some part of the blame 
for the church's present 

That they have escaped 
such criticism in the past is a 
measure of their power and 
independence: they are the 
Church of England's sacred 
cows. It also reflects the 
church's current inclination to 
choose its new bishops from 
among college principals. 

The theological colleges are 
generally either ancient 
foundations or the products of 
nineteenth century or early 
twentieth century enthu- 
siasms which have since 
grown cold. They cany on the 
same traditions through 
generations, with self- 
perpetuating governing bodies 
and with members of the 
academic staff who were com- 
monly once students in the 
same institution. Thus is their 
“church mansh ip” flavour 
cherished and passed on, as 
the most valued part of the 

So students in an Anglo- 
Catholic college are trained 
not so much for an Anglican 
ministry as for an Anglo- 
Catholic ministry; in an 
Evangelical college for an 
Evangelical ministry. 

Some sit in the middle - but 
in the Church of England 
today sitting in the middle is 
also a kind of party 
churchmanship, just as 
distinctively flavoured. So the 
future clergy are trained from 
the start to view the church in 
terms of "us" and “them", the 
unacceptable face of broad 
church comprehensiveness. 

The colleges serve not the 
church as such, but the 
church-wiihin-a-church that 
each college belongs to. it is a 
very difficult habit to break. 

The party churchmanship 
division has been around so 
long that no-one now ques- 
tions it, so no-one questions 
the role of the colleges in 
perpetuating it The question- 
ing now beginning, sotto wee 
but worried, is about the more 
general effect of the colleges, 
for instance by training men 
for a type of ministry which is 
becoming obsolete. 

A college whose primary 
function is to maintain a 
particular tradition is not at 
the same time going to be 
quick to adapt to change. They 
will not, for instance, readily 
give up the idea that training 
to be a clergyman is in 
principle the same as training 
to be a gentleman. They are 
stuck very firmly in an upper- 
middle class ethos, even the 
slightly down-at-heel upper- 
middle class style which 
savours of the colonial service 
of the 1920s. 

And the two or three years 
spent at theological college 
(two for theology graduates, 
three for others) seem to make 
a considerable and lasting 
psychological impact. One se- 
nior clergyman has remarked 
that his real ministry did not 
begin until he was 40, as it 
took him IS years to shake off 
the college influence. 

They are supervised, after a 
fashion, by the Advisory 
Council for the Church’s Min- 
istry. But the council is 
designed to make the present 
system work as smoothly as 
possible rather than to shake it 

Most colleges have a bishop 
or two who take a special 
interest, but their influence is 
very limited. In the past, when 
resources were far more easily 
mustered, a reforming- 
minded prelate would have 
had the option of starting a 
new institution of his own. so 
the system of theological 
education as a whole could 
take in new ideas that way. 

The present age is one of 
gentle contraction, and the 
most interesting thing likely to 
happen to a college now is to 

And itself merged with an- 
other. A college which is 
elegantly and quietly failing to 
prepare its ordinands for the 
modem worid is answerable 
to no-one for its performance; 
for its responsibility is to its 
governing body, which is also 
where the blame lies, rather 
than to the church at huge. 

It is not a scandalously bad 
sysiem, just. not a very good 
one. The results of its inad- 
equacies are shown by such 
diverse symptoms as the hid- 
den domestic crisis in many 
clergy marriages, the “burn- 
out" of clergy in their forties, 
the unpreparedness (and 
hence unwillingness) to under- 
take difficult ministries such 
as in the inner city, and the 
dergy’s own selfideprecating 
image as amateurs at large. 

They frequently complain 
they have been trained to do 
nothing in particular, and 
nothing particularly welL 
Theological colleges prepare 
men for a much nicer, politer 
worid than the one that really 
exists: and it is increasingly a 
world where only real pro- 
fessionalism matters. 

It is easier to attack the 
college system than to remedy 
it, particularly as some op- 
tions - raising the academic 
standard on entrance, for in- 
stance - would threaten to 
reduce the annual total flow of 
numbers into the ministry, 
which the church is struggling 
hard to maintain. The same 
would happen if courses were 

But a ministry that is con- 
scious that the world is dip- 
ping away from it, even away 
from its comprehension, is a 
bad investment for the future, 
whatever the annual figure. 

Even if there were remedies 
which seemed right and ob- 
vious, however, the church 
authorities would not know 
how to carry them out, for 
they have very little leverage. 
The colleges could ignore 
them. And all the factions in 
the church would rise in 
protest at any suggestion of 
greater central control for that 
would threaten to undermine 
the factional purposes for 
which the colleges implicitly 

Mr OJVt. Sells 

and Miss LJ. Maclcworth- 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St John the Baptist, 
Stockton. Wiltshire, of Mr Oli- 
ver Sells, son of Sir David and 
Lady Sells, of Tadlow House, 
Royston. Hertfordshire, and 
Miss Lucinda Mackwortb- 
Young. daughter of the late Mr 
G. W. Mack worth- Young and of 
Lady Eve Mack worth-Young, of 
Fishenon de la Mere. Wylye, 
Wiltshire. The Rev B. Thomas 

Mr W.G. Craven 

and Miss IS. Matheson of 


The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Si George's, 
Beckington, of Mr William 
George Craven, second son of 
Mr and Mrs John Craven, of 
Cossington, Leicestershire, and 
Miss Isobel Sophia Matheson of 
Matheson. younger daughter of 
Major Sir Torquhil and Lady 
Matheson of Matheson. of 
Standerwick Court. Somerset. 
The Rev William Davies offici- 
ated, assisted by the Veiy Rev 
James Matheson and Canon 
Albert Webb. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 


attended by Benjamin 
Lawrenson, Jessica Ridout, Vic- 
toria Evison. Miss Catherine 
Allen and Miss Lucilla Bathurst. 
Mr Alistair Beor- Roberts was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in the 
Channel Islands. 

Mr J.R. Davidson 
and Miss G. Balfour 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Humbie Parish 
Church of Mr Jeremy Davidson, 
son of the late Mr and Mrs Alan' 
Davidson, of Coast Guard Cot- 
tages. Burnham Overy Starthe. 
Norfolk, and Georgiana. daugh- 
ter of Mr Peter Balfour, of 
Scadlaw. Humbie. East Lothian, 
and the late Lady Griselda 

Baron van der Botch van' 

and Miss C.E. Waller 
A service of blessing was held on 
Saturday. August 30. at St 
Peter's Church. Siurton. after 
the marriage of Emile Baron van 
der Borch van Verwolde to Miss 
Caroline Waller. 

The Rev David Bartle 

A reception was bdd at 
Cropping HalL 
Mr J.EJJ. Benin 
and Captain SJF. Parker, 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, August 30, at the 
parish Church of St Mary the 
Virgin. Longstowe, between Mr 
James Be van and Captain Susan 

Mr N. Catting 
and Miss FJ. Hopkins 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at St Mary's Church, 
Sbenfieid, of Mr Nicholas Cut- 
ting. son of Mr and Mrs J. P. E. 
Cutting, and Miss Fiona Jane 
Hopkins, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R. I. Hopkins. The Rev P. 
Mason officiated. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent 

Mr M.W. Orde 
and Miss S- Crossley Cooke 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at All Saints', 
Faringdon, of Mr Michael Orde. 
son of Mr and Mrs David Orde. 

of Ritton, Northumberland, and 
Miss Samantha Crossley Cooke, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
David Crossley Cooke, of Little 
Coxwdl, Oxfordshire. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Lucinda and 
Miss Nicola Crossley Cooke, 
Nicola and Camilla . Bennett, 
Sally Oliphant and Phillip 
NicolL Mr Michael May was 
best man. 

A reception was held at Little 
Coxwell House. 

Mr J.E.C. Percy 
and Miss G.P. LoveO-Badge 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Fabian and St Sebastian 

Woodbastwkk. of Mr James 
Percy, son of the late Mr Harry 
Percy and Mrs Harry Percy, of 
Rackheath, and Miss Gay Lov- 
eU-Badge. stepdaughter of Mr 
John Cator and da tighter of Mrs 
John Cator, of Woodbastwick. 
Norfolk. The Right Rev Hugh 
Blackburne officiated, assisted 
by Canon Alan Gtendining. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her stepfather, was 
attended by Henrietta Cator, 
Diana Pritchard and Jack Cator. 
Mr Hugh God man was best 

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pMim u o 


AULPORT ■ On August 29Ui. at (he 
pnyal Berkshire HospiUL lo Annie 
rnw Nicholas! and Peter, a son. 
Thomas Henry- 

DODSON On 28lh August, at the 
Royal United Hospital. Bom. lo Fiona 
i nee Dawson i and Matthew, a son. 
and brother to Emma. 

HONOUR - On August 27lh. at Queen 
CNnKrtte s Hospital. lo Angela urn 
Waterhouse* and Richard, a 
daughter Georgina Row. a user for 
Ben and Isabel. 

HUTCHINSON ■ On August 21st ai 
Kings College Hospital, lo Stella and 
Andrew, a daughter. Chloe Andrea. 

LANCASTER ■ On 26U> August, rp 
.Indy and Richard, a daughter. 

LAWTON - On 30Ui August at Die MM- 
dirwx Hospual. lo Thome (nee 
L\ nehi and Charles, a son. Patrick 
Thomas Lynch. 

LONGWOOTH - On August 29th at 
Miimtovc Park Hospital. Taunton, to 
Frances (nee Hancock) and Simon, a 
daughter. Rotund Caroline Jane. 

MARSH On August 27 Ul at Kings 
College Hospual. lo Susan inee 
ln*isi and Anlliony. a son William 

MORGAN On Saturday. 30th August. 
1986 to Dee Dee (Theresa) inec 
Boundi and Talmai. a daughter, 
Emma Louise-. 

PONTEOUS On August 23id to Bridget 
and Matthew, a son. Samuel Thomas 

ROSS - Sophie Inte Mlrmani and 
Richard are detltfited to announce 
ihe arrival of their daughter. Natasha 
Faye, on August 29th. 1986. 

ROWE On August 27th 1986 to Jean 
■ nee Hutchison) and Nigel, a son. 
James Alexander. A brother for 
Richard and Amy. 

SHEPNAHO - On 29th August, to 
Chmilne inee Blnnle) and Kenneth, a 
son. John Benedict, a brother for 
James and Helen. 

PAINC On 24th August 1986. at Wat- 
ford General Hospital to Ktm inee 
T ay ion and Chris of Ooxley Green, 
a daughter Hannah Chartaoe. a sis- 
ter for Katte Louise. 

On August 2701. 1986. to 
Katharine inee Soenstey land John, a 
son. William Hugh Hothwed. Thanks 
to staff at Middlesex and UGH. 


DAVIES : McMURTME- The marriage 
look place on Friday. 29th August, at 
Greenwich, between David Charles 
Davies, only son of Ihe late Mr Idris 
Davies and Mrs M Davies of 
Aberaeron. Os-fed. and June Mary 
McMurtrle. only daughter of Ihe late 
Mr Frank Joynson and Mrs P J 
Joynson of Orpington. Kent. 

HOLUBOW1CZ : STEEN ■ The mar- 
riage rook place In Ealing Abbey, on 
August 28th. of Mr RomuaM Paul 
Hoiubowm. ekJer son of Mr and Mrs 
R p Hoiubowiez, of Mapledurhant. 
and Miss Helen Teresa KamtUon 
Sieen. elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
C J Steen, of Budlergh SaUenon. The 
honeymoon win be spent in Central 

of me marriage of Mr John E Maxim 
and Mrs Jane A Whitehead took 
place at Peterborough Cathedral on 
Saturday. 30th August. 1966. 



COOPER : BAOET - On IN Septem- 
ber. 1926. at Wroughton Parish 
Church. Alfred Cooper lo Marguerite 
Mary BMty- now ar Ogbonrne 
Maivy Manor. M ai th orough. 


WUHAN . On August 27Di. 1986. 
peacefully Joan C B Bulman MA. of 
Bn hops Srori/ant. Funeral Service. 
Friday'. September 5th. at St 
Michael's Parish Church. Bishops 
Stanford. at 2 15pm. 

BYRT - Peacefully after a short illness, 
on 29th August 1986. the Rev. 
George WHUam. Service at Bristol 
BuMIsl College Chapel. Woodland 
Road. Bristol, on Wednesday. Sep- 
tember 3rd at 1 1 am. 

EARLE August 29Ui. peacefully at 
home after a tang Illness courageous- 
ly borne. Hope, wife of Peter, mother 
of Robert. Heather and Melanie. Fu- 
neral service and internment at Stow 
Bedon Church. Norfolk. On Thurs- 
day September 4th ai 11 am. Cut 
(towers only may be sent to Stow 
Bedon House. Stow Bedon. 
Attleborough. Norfolk by 9.30 am 
pte aac 

FORSTER - On August 28th. 1986. 
Alan Douglas Forsier M.B.E.. in his 
8! si year. Funeral Service al Golden 
Green crematorium. 11.20am. 
Tbursday 4ih September teas ti. An 
Dowers and enquiries please to J H 
Kenyon Ltd. tel 01 957 0757. 

FOX - On August 27m. william A- 
mueh loved husband of LkSa- 
Funeral Service at Beckenham 
Crematorium, on September 4th. at 
4pm. Floral tributes may be sen) lo 
F ranch. Chapped 6 Son. Boundary 
Place. Sevenoata Rd. Orpington. 
CMFFTTm - On August 12th. at Neth- 
er wafiop. Thanksgiving Service at 
St Bartholotnew's Church. Hyde. 
Winchester, on Wednesday Septem- 
ber 17th at 2.30pm. 

HEATH On 29th August 1986 peace- 
fully at heme. 28 BeUUefd Road. 
North Kessock. Elizabeth. Widow of 
Bid & Mother of Mary & Anne. Ser- 
vice on Thursday 4th September 
1986 ai 12 noon m St James' Epis- 
copal 0110 - 06 . Dingwall. No Dowers 
please. DonaOora to Highland Hos- 
pice Appeal. PO Box lOQ. Inverness. 
URTOHP d O M ES - On August 27th. 
hi The General Hospital. Chelten- 
ham. U GoL Montague Hurford- 
Jones, aged 9a of Laxxon House. 
Laasdown Rd. Cheltenham, former- 
ly «f arcus House. Bath, late of The 
Worcestershire Beg nn ent and the 
14th Puntab Regiment (40th Pa- 
mans' Cremation at 12 noon, on 
Friday. 5th September. at 
Haycombe. Bath. Flowers may be 
sent to the crematorium. 

LUI»m - On August 28th pcacfuBy. 
Mervyn. much loved father of Denys 
and Gavin. Manorial service at St 
Saviours Church. South Street. East- 
bourne at 2.45 pm.. Friday 
September 5th. followed by family 
cremation. Family flowers only, but 
donations U desired to Royal Masonic 

MacANDREW - On August 29lh. 
peacefully at DUston. Ursula, dearly 
loved wife of OoUn and mother of 
Christopher. Nick and Deborah. 
Family Funeral only. No-flowers or 
leturs please, but donations If wished 
to injured Jockies Fund. PO Box 9. 
Newmarket. Suffolk. 

MOORE - On Sinay. Augun 31. 
DcaccfaSy. ai ms home at Much 
Hadtvam. Henry Moore. OM: Loved 
Mr Ins wife. Irina. Ms daughter. 
Mary, and Ms grandchildren. 04 

jane and Henry. Funeral private. 

Memorial service arrangements to 

be announced in due course. 

NAGLE On August Z7m. tn Moseley 
Hall Hospital. Birmingh am . Ronald 
Francis. F.I.E.E.. late- Admiralty and 
formerly of Bath. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Evelyn RayJwukJ lEvai. 
loving lather of Robert and grand- 
father of OinaloMter. Patrick. 
Michari. Kathanne. Peter and Dai id. 

Fatally flowers Ody. Donations, if 

deairrd. to The Missions » Seamen. 

Private cremation followed by Me- 

morial Service al 12 noon on Friday. 
September 5th at St Augustine's 

Church. Edgbaston. Birmingham. 

SPENCER - On Friday. 29th August. In 
his 850i year. Ingram, at utt le Han- 
ford. nr BlandfonL Dorset Husband 
of Sheila: father of Rosemary. 
Steven. Euan. Susan. David. Jemma. 
Bing. Sheila. Frances. Jingo, Harry; 
step-father to Edward Mott. Crema- 
tion at Poole Crematorium al 10.00 
am on Wednesday. 3rd September, 
followed by a Service of Thanksgiv- 
ing lo be held at Child Okeford 
Church an the same day at 11.30 
am. Flowers to David CherrrtL IO 
Market Place. Blandfard. or If pre- 
ferred donations to the Dorset 
Association of Boys Clubs, c/o Mid- 
land Bank. Dorchester. 

VANN - On August 29th. 1966. sud- 
denly. Dr Reginald Vann (Dock aged 
66 years, of Conifer Drive. TUetnusL 
Reading. Beloved husband, father 
and grandfather. Service at Reading 
Crematorium on Thursday. Septem- 
ber 4th ai 2.oo pm. Flowers may be 
sent to A.B. Walker & Son Ltd. 36 
Eldon Rd. Reading. 

W IL LIA MS - Suddenly but peacefully 
at her home tn London. Nan Wynn, 
much loved daughter of Lona and 
loving sister to John and Ctna and 
aunt to David. Robert. Richard and 
Alim. Loved by all her family and 
friends, her mounts were always 
for others. Funeral Service on 
Tuesday. 2nd September al 4pm al 
Islington Crematorium. High Rd. 
East Finchley Ounctton with the 
North Circular RdJ. A Memorial 
Service will also be held at 4m at 46 
Thomas St- Abertrtdwr. Oamorgan. 
Family flowers only. Donations to Si 
Joseph's Hospice. Mare St London. 


HUIOUOIMSON Kenneth. A Memori- 
al Service win be held at SI Luke's 
Church. Sydney SI. Cheteea. al 12 
noon, on Monday September 8th. 

ROUS - a Service of Thanksgiving for 
the Life and Work of Sir Stanley 
Rous win be held in Wesraihster 
Abbey at 1230am oo Thursday. 
25th September. 1986. Those 
wishing to attend are Invited to apply 
for tickets lo: The Chapter Clerk. 20 
Dean's Yard. Westminster Abbey. 
London SW1P JPA. endosmg a 
stamped addressed envelope by no 
later than lRth September. All are 
welcome lo attend. 

SBHKON - A Thanksgiving Sendee 
for the life of General Sr Frank 
Simpson will be heM in the Chapel of 
the Royal HaspltaL Chelsea at 
li.iShrs on Monday. 6th October. 
Those requiring tickets are requested 
lo apply to Corps Secretary. Regi- 
mental Hcadqualers RE. B ra m p ton 
Barracks. Chatham. Kent ME4 4UC- 
by 24th September. 1986. 


MOOTAANTp Travers Lawrence. 
F.CLA. ned at Lusema Sun 
Giovanni. Italy, isi September. 
1978. R e membered with love. 


Sculptor of international reputation 

^ ■ aL 

Mr Henry Moore. OM, CH, 
FBA, who died yesterday, 
aged 88, was an outstanding 
figure among modem British 
sculptors and an artist of 
international reputation, 
whose works are to be found 
in public places and galleries 
throughout Western Europe 
and North America. 

Like Brancusi, Gaudier- 
Brzeska and Epstein, Moore 
turned away from the Graeco- 
Ren aissance tradition of 
sculpture. His earliest in- 
fluences were archaic forms, 
the non-European, particu- 
larly Mexican work he had 
seen in the British Museum. 
In the 1930s, too, be had a 
period of geometrical 

But though he rejected the 
classical mode be did not turn 
his back on humanism. In- 
stead he evolved a highly 
personal style, always return- 
ing to the organic and human 
forms which dominate his 
best work. To these he im- 
parted a telluric character, 
liking to see human figures in 
relation to their surroundings, 
particularly landscape, and 
the art of the sculptor as a 
social one. 

Moore was pre-eminently a 
carver, and it was his mode of 
expression which gave his 
images their immense vitality. 

After the Second Work! 
War the increase in his inter- 
national reputation led to a 
large number of public 
commissions, especially over- 
seas, gnrf he found himself 
occasionally led into gran- 
diose statements or blandness 
of expression. Yet these 
changes were more apparent 
than neaL His enormous in- 
ventiveness never flagged and 
the best of his public work 
continues to speak of his 
insight into^ the condition of 
humanity in the modern 

Henry Spencer Moore was 
born on July 30, 1898, at 
Castieford, Yorkshire, the sev- 
enth child of a miner, Ray- 
mond Spencer Moore mid hits 
wife. Mary. He won a scholar- 
ship to Castieford Grammar 
School where his interest in 
art was fostered by the art 
mistress, Alice Gostick. He 
was also introduced to the 
.Gothic carvings in 
neighbouring churches by his 
headmaster, Mr T. R- Dawes. 

After qualifying as an ele- 
mentary school teacher in 
1916, he joined the 15th 
London Regiment (Civil Ser- 
vice Rifles) in 1917 and was 
gassed at the Battle of Cam- 
brai later that year. De- 
mobilized in 1919, he 
resumed teaching before 
obtaining an ex-servicemen's 
education grant to study at 
Leeds School of Art for two 

He won a Royal Exhibition 
Scholarship in sculpture to the 
Royal Coliege of Art in 1921. 
Sir William Rotbenstein had 
just become principal and was 
to introduce more liberal 

At Leeds, he had read Roger 
Fry’s Vision and Design and 
visited Sir Michael Sadler's 
collection of modern art; in 
London, he was particularly 

Interested by Egyptian, Etrus- 
can, Mexican and African 
sculpture in the British Mu- 
seum. Thus began the conflict 
between what he ought to 
study for his teacher’s di- 
ploma and what realty ap- 
pealed to him as a sculptor. 

In 1922, away from the 
RCA. be began bis first direct 
carvings in wood and stone, 
influenced by primitive and 
archaic sculpture and by Ep- 
stein and Gaudier-Brzeska. 

Awarded an RCA travelling 
scholarship in 1924, Moore 
postponed going abroad on his 
appointment as an instructor 
in the RCA’s Sculpture School 
on a seven-year contract; but 
early in 1925 he lefr for a six- 
month tour in France and 
Italy where he wasparticulariy 
impressed by Giotto and 
Masaccio, early Renaissance 
busts, late Michelangelo, and 
the Indian sculpture in the 
Musee Guimet, Paris. 

In 1928 Moore held his first 
one-man exhibition of 
drawings and stone carvings at 
Dorothy Warren’s gallery in 
Maddox Street The latter 
were noted for their architec- 
tural quality and adherence to 
the natural form of the stone. 
This truth to materials was to 
be a strongly held ideal for 
Moore and his circle in the 
1930s and 1940s. 

In 1928, too, Moore met an 
art student, Irina Radetzky. 
They married the following 
year and.set up house in the 
avant-garde colony of artists 
and writers in Hampstead. 
Among them was Herbert 
Read, a fellow Yorkshireman, 
who became one of his earliest 
and staunchest champions. 

That same year, Moore was 
given his first pifolitr commis- 
sion. a relief, “West Wind,” 
for the tower of the new 
London Underground head- 
quarters above St James's 
Park Station. This was notable 
for its monumental simplicity 
and exploitation of the rectan- 
gular stone block from which 
it was carved. By now, Moore 
had begun to attract the 
admiration of older artists, 
especially Epstein and Augus- 
tus John, who bought his 

There was also some intense 
hostility from traditionalists, 

notably after the first of his 
Leicester Galleries one-man 
shows in 1931, and when his 
RCA teaching contract ex- 
pired, rather than seek re- 
newal as Rothenstein urged, 
Moore look a lower paid post 
to start a sculpture depart- 
ment at Chelsea School of Art. 

Apart from the later 
Time/Life Building sculp- 
tured screen (1952-53), he 
generally avoided architec- 
tural sculpture commissions, 
believing that sculpture 
should either be free-standing 
or set in relationship to a 
building on equal, not 
subordinate, terms. 

During the 1930s Moore 
developed the redining female 
figure theme, first tackled in 
1926, and later transformed 
into the monumental figure 
pieces of 1929-30, inspired by 
the Toltec-Mayan sculptures 
of the rain god ChacmooL 
These were years of intense 
and varied experiment, and 
many later large-scale works 
were developed from ideas 
fust explored in this period, 
such as the two- and three- 
piece reclining figures. 

In the fierce debate between 
the abstractionists and sur- 
realists, which reached its 
height in 1936, the year of the 
International Surrealist Ex- 
hibition in London, he took a 
typically commonsensical 
attitude, saying that both these 
elements were present in vary- 
ing degrees in all good art. 

Moore produced his first 
abstract biomorphic com- 
positions and reliefer' in the 
early 1930s as well as work 
which was surrealist in 

Yet other work of this 
period was essentially hu- 
manist. such as the Green 
Horn ion stone “Redining 
Figure” 1938. In this sculpture 
the upper torso and thighs 
were hollowed out and 
pierced, emphasizing the 
interplay between its chief 
elements. This was followed 
by the third of Moore's large 
elmwood carvings, “Redining 
Figure,” (1939), where the 
interplay of voids and solids is 
carried much further. Other 
variations on this formal 
problem were the sculptures 
genetically entitled internal 
and external forms, and the 
helmet heads of the 1950s. 

On the outbreak of war. 
Moore gave up latching and 
worked at his studio at Kings- 
ton, near Canterbury (which 
he had occupied since 1934), 
returning to London in 1940. 
Bombed out of his London 
studio, be bought Hoglands al 
Perry Green, Much Hadham, 
Hertfordshire, which was to be- 
his home for the rest ofhis life. 
After the war. he bought 
several adjoining fields and 
made a landscaped sculpture 
park with additional large 

The famous series of Shelter 
drawings, inspired by the sight 
of sleeping figures on the 
platforms of die underground 
stations, where they had 
sought refuge from German 
air raids, began as sketches in 
his notebooks, and Sir 

Kenneth Clark subsequently 
commissioned him to produce 
ten for the War Artists Ad- 
visory Committee: Moore did 
over one hundred drawings 
and two Shelter Sketchbooks. 
He also produced a series of 
drawings of miners at work for 
the WAAC in 1942. 

The shelter drawings un- 
doubtedly helped to bridge the 
gap between public taste and 
the modem movement, as 
represented by Moore, Ben 
Nicholson, Hepwonh, John 
Piper and others. 

A commission from Walter 
Hussey (later Dean of Chich- 
ester) to carve a “Madonna 
and Child” for St Matthew's, 
Northampton, in 1943. was a 
significant act of ecclesiastical 
patronage, and also dem- 
onstrated that a sculptor 
working in an uncompromis- 
ingly modem style could 
tackle successfully a tra- 
ditional subject. The mother 
and child theme had preoccu- 
pied Moore and be was to 
return to it often in his later 
work, sometimes encompass- 
ing the male figure to form a 
family group. 

Moore emerged in the 1950$ 
as a public sculptor, a process 
begun with the stone Three 
Standing Figures 1 947-48 (not 
perhaps 'one of his most 
satisfying works), shown at the 
first Battersea Park Open-Air 
Sculpture exhibition. As more 
public commissions flowed in, 
he employed studio assistants, 
but always supervised every 
stage of a major commission 
and put the finishing touches 
to the bronze or carving 

The massive interlocking 
pieces of the early 1960s, the 
arch torsos and sheep pieces of 
the 1970s, are. with the recur- 
ring reclining figure theme, 
felling warriors, mirror knife 
prt gfc, and upright motifs, all 
explorations on a grander 
scale of ideas which bad been 
{terminating since the 1930s. 
Only occasionally did the 
inflation of scale produce 
grandiose, rhetorical 

Public honours and prizes 
were bestowed on him from 
all over the world. The first of 
many honorary degrees was 
conferred on him by Leeds 
University in 1945; in 1955 he 
became a Companion of Hon- 
our, and in 1963 was admitted 
to the Order of Merit He was 
a member of many British and 
foreign academies and learned 

He established the Henry 
Moore Foundation in 1977 to 
promote the study and teach- 
ing of sculpture, and during 
his lifetime generously sup- 
ported many enterprises 
which would otherwise not 
have flourished. 

Of medium height and stur- 
dily built, he might have been 
mistaken by the unwary for a 
bluff Yorkshire farmer. 
Moore's natural courtesy and 
unaffected articulateness 
charmed his listeners, and he 
was always in great demand 
for radio and television 

He is survived by his widow 
and a daughter, Mary. 


Dr Urho Kekkonea, who 
was President of Finland from 
1956 until his resignation on 
grounds of ill-health in Octo- 
ber 1981, died yesterday at the 
age of 85. 

Before his election as Presi- 
dent he was Prime Minister 
for six years, beading a succes- 
sion of coalition governments. 
But his contribution to Finn- 
ish public life cannot be 
measured simply in terms of 
the years that he held high 

Throughout this long period 
he dominated Finnish govern- 
ment. especially in the con- 
duct of foreign policy. More 
than anybody else, he was the 
person who determined 
Finland's role in the postwar 

The essence of that role is 
Finland’s special brand of 
neutrality, according to wbich 
much care is taken not to give 
offence to the Soviet Union. It 
is a policy which Kekkonea 
inherited from his prede- 
cessor, President Paasikivi, 
but which he had done some- 
thing to fashion and which he 
was subsequently to develop. 

At the end of the Continu- 
ation War in 1944 Finland 
found herself in a singularly 
exposed position. She had in- 
advisedly taken advantage of 
Hiller's attack upon the Soviet 
Union in 1941 to try to 
recover the territory she had 
been forced to cede to Russia 
after the Winter War of 1939- 
40. The attempt failed, so 
Finland was in the position of 
an unsuccessful co-belligerent 
of Nazi Germany with a long 
land border with the Soviet 
Union, a situation in which it 
would not be easy either to 
win friends in the West or to 
inspire trust in Moscow.. 

Kekkonen believed that 
Finland could not preserve 
her freedom without inspiring 
that trust, h was a conclusion 
which he must have reached 
with reluctance because he 
had earlier been one of the 
three members of the Finnish 
Parliament to vote against 
acceptance of the peace terms 
imposed by the Soviet Union 
at the end of the Winter War. 

This policy of good 
ncighbourliness became 
known as the Paasikivi Line, 
and later as the Paasiirivi- 

Kekkonen Line. The addition 
of Kekkonen 's name implied 
more than continuity. Under 
his leadership there was a 
greater sensitivity to the 
wishes of the Soviet Union, a 
greater emphasis upon cordial 
relations with Soviet leaders. 

Kekkonen always remained 
a controversial figure. This 
was partly because his policy, 
even if it was necessary, was 
hurtful to Finnish pride; 
partly because many Finns did 
not believe that it was nec- 
essary to be quite so accom- 
modating in order to preserve 
Finnish freedom: and partly 
because Kekkenon's personal 
style of leadership, at least 
until his dosing years, was 
hard and domineering. He 
was not a man who won much 
public affection. 

Yet this craggy patriot has 
died with his life's work 
achieved:' he preserved his 
country’s freedom by the 
methods which be judged to 
be necessary, and which he 
pursued with such fixity of 
purpose. Finland is a more 
secure country at his death 
than it was when he became 

Urho Kaleva Kekkonen was 
bom at Pielavesi m central 
Finland on September 3, 
1900. the son of a lumberjack 
foreman. At the age of 1 7, he 
fought in General 
Mannerheim's White army 
against the Bolsheviks in 
Finland's war of indepen- 
dence. As a young man be was 
twice Finland's high jump 
champion and remained a 
vigorous athlete for many 
years. When he became Presi- 

dent he was still skiing many 
miles a day. 

After working as a journalist 
in KajaanL he started his law 
studies at Helsinki University, 
where be interested himself in 
politics. Bat it was not until 
1936, after he had taken his 
doctorate in law, that he was 
elected to Parliament as a 
representative of the Agrarian 
(now the Centre) Party. 

Within a few months of 
entering Parliament Kekko- 
nen was appointed Minister of 
Justice and the following year 
Minister of the Interior. It was 
as the holder of that office that 
in 1938 he suspended many of 
the activities of the extreme 
right-wing Patriotic People's 

As a young man Kekkonen 
himself had been right-wing, 
being an ardent nationalist 
and a supporter of the move- 
ment for a Greater Finland by 
bringing the Finnish-speaking 
people of Soviet Karelia into 
the state of Finland. But as a 
student Germany in 1931 he 
saw the early stages of Nazi- 
ism and wrote articles about 
the danger it presented to 

He was. at that stage, no 
lever of the Soviet Union. He 
was fiercely patriotic during 
the Winter War and became 
responsible for the resettle- 
ment in western Finland of the 
300.000 Karelians’ driven 
from their homes by the 
Russians. But after his oppo- 
sition to the Soviet peace 
terms be was out of politics 
during the Continuation War 
that followed. 

Then there came the trans- 
formation in his stragetie 
views and in his political 
career. The romantic national- 
ist became the arch-realist the 
defiant advocate of a lost 
cause became the apostle of 

But neither then nor later 
was he seen as heroic by man y 
Finns. In 1944 he b ecam e 
Minister of Justice in 
PaasikrvPs government and in 
that post took a leading role in 
the controversial trials of war 
criminals. When Paasikivi 
was elected President in 1950, 
Kekkonen would have been 
his natural successor as Prime 
Minister but for the oppo- 
sition of the left. So for the 

next four years he was Speaker 
of the Parliament 

After serving as Prime Min- 
ister in a succession of co- 
alitions from 1950 to 1956 
Kekkonen did succeed Paasi- 
kivi as President but only by 
the smallest possible margin. 

As President his career was 
punctuated by controversy. 
When in 1958 one of 
Finland's invariably fra elec- 
tions produced a government 
that was not to the liking of the 
Soviet Union, trade talks were 
put off, the So viet ambassador 
was withdrawn from Helsinki 
and virtually all official con- 
tacts between the two coun- 
tries were suspended in what 
became known as the winter 

It lasted until the Finnish 
Government resigned and was 
replaced by an administration 
more to the liking of the 
Soviet Union, which was what 
Kekkonen had favoured- 

Stili more contentious was 
the episode of the Russian 
Note in 1961, which called for 
consultations between the two 
countries under the terms of 
the 1948 Treaty of Friendship, 
Cooperation and Mutual 
Assistance, which could per- 
mit the Soviet Union in 
certain arcum stances to sta- 
tion their troops on Finnish ■ 

The Note was delivered at 
the time of the Berlin crisis, 
but it was also when Kekko- 
nen was coming up for re- 
election for the nisi lime. The 
crisis was resolved only after 
his most formidable chal- 
lenger had withdrawn from 
the race and Kekkonen's re- 
election became a certainty. 

By 1981, however, it was 
dear dial his health was 
failing, and it was no surprise 
when he resigned in October. 
So ended one of the most 
remarkable periods of Finnish 
history, dominated by one 
man who was greedy for 
power, but who was deter- 
mined to use it in the national 
interest as he saw it 

Kekkonen married in 1926 
Sulvi Uino. the daughter of a 
Lutheran pastor, who 
achieved a considerable 
reputation in Finland as an 
author. Their twin sons were 
born in 1 928. His wife died in 




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TTnrty years on from their first 
rent to these shores, the 
worlds most famous ballet 
company were given the 
opportunity to justify their 
recent rave notices to a few 
uulhon homebodies, as well as 
to the 3,500 paying customers 
who jammed the Big Top in 
Battersea Park. 

The Bolshoi Lite (BBC2, 
Saturday) - lived up to its 
promise as a feast of muscular 
giace, with a floaty Sylphides. 

a sexy Spartoots Act II and a 
pot-pourri of old favouri tes. In 
between whiles, Joan Bake- 
well nodded intelligently at the 
Russian interpreter and al s o i 
gave # brief commentary on 
die follow-spot operator as he 
abseiled down from the light- 
ing rig to good-natured ap- 
plause. The circus element was 
entirely appropriate to this 
grand occasion. 

The Monocled Mutineer 
(BBC1) yesterday set off on its 
five-hour route-march across 
our screens. The appe aling ly 
roguish figure of Percy Toplis, 
the petty criminal who took 
the King's shilling and led a 
mutiny on the eve of 
Pusschendaeie. ts prime fod- 
der for Alan Bleasdale's 
mythopoeic obsession with 
working-class heroes, al- 
though in this first episode his 
character seemed curiously 
muted, at times almost absent. 
Paul McCann (surely the only 
British actor who could play 
F. Scott Fitzgerald) gave a 
decent account of the subject's 
subversive charm, and there 
were also meaty performances 
from Nick Reding as the 
young subaltern condemned to 
death for cowardice and from 
Rowena Cooper as his grieving 
mother, but the narrative drive 
appeared to be sapped by the 
buxom air-time afforded. 

Mr Bleasdale is always at 
bis best when forced to be 
economical — Blackstujf. for 
instance, was altogether 
tighter and punchier than the 
subsequent series. Boys from 
the Blacbstaff- here, the pa- 
rade of one biographical epi- 
sode after another strung the 
story out somewhat raggedly. 
The production values, how- 
ever, were first-rate, particu- 
larly in the battle scenes. 

Martin Cropper 

Peggy Mount, glorying in the role of a 
woman who has ‘no thing at all to 
recommend her*, opens in Rookery 
Nook at the Shaftesbury tomorrow: 
interview by Sheridan Morley 

Mistress of the 

Promenade Concerts 

In celebration of the Ben Travers 
centenary, and exactly 60 years after 
il was first seen at the Aldwych. his 
Rookery Nook opens at the Shaftes- 
bury tomorrow in a Theatre of 
Comedy production starring Tom 
Courtenay, fan Ogilvy. Lionel Jeffries 
and. as Mrs Leverett. the actress 
whom Travers - himself once almost 
hauled across the footlights of the 
National Theatre. 

“It was", as Peggy Mount now 
recalls, “the last night of Plunder , and 
they put a spotlight on old Berirand he 
stood up to acknowledge the applause 
and then he came down to the front of - 
the stage and reached put to hug me; 
but he was still so strong at 94 that the 
rest of the cast had to hold on to my 
legs to stop me toppling into the 

But then Miss Mount has always 
been a farcical lady, despite some 
recent forays into the classical the- 
atre; ever since she made her name in 
Sailor Beware with an unforgettable, 
booming performance as the redoubt- 
able Emma Homett she has been 
identifiable as precisely the kind of 
hattlcaxc-player who would have 
been a mainstay of Travers's original 
Aldwych farce team had she been 
more than a child at the time of their 
greatest successes: 

“Usually I'm asked to play terrible 
women with hearts of gold: the joy of 
this one. the charlady Mrs Leverett, is 
that she has nothing at all to 
recommend her. She's the one who 
causes afl the trouble and I love her. 
just as I've always loved the play, ever 
since I saw Ralph Lynn revive it on 
lour holding that hat in one hand and 
the umbrella in the other and still 
trying to drink the tea in from of his 

Recently Miss Mount has been 
engaged on more serious business 
with the Royal Shakespeare Com- 
pany. notably in their Stratford 
walkabout The Dillen ■ and its sequel 
Mary After the Queen, but this is by 
no means her first Rookery Nook: “I 
played it at Birmingham some years 
ago. and before that I must have done 
it in Rep because 1 did everything in 
Rep. 1 had about a dozen years of it 
before Sailor Beware!, starting off in 

the war with the Harry Hansen 
Players who took me to Keighley. I'd 
never been out of Southend until 
then, and thought 1 was abroad up 

**I knew I was never going to be 
glamorous, but I also knew there 
would always be work for a character 
woman and I suppose the theatre was 
in my blood because my grandfather 
had ran the very first Minstrel Show 
on the end of Yarmouth Pier. But my 
father was an invalid and I had to 
help support the family, so there was 
never money for a drama school or 
anything like that. 1 used to hang 
around the theatre in Southend 
though, paying threepence for a ‘late 
doors' ticket, which meant waiting 
until about five minutes before the 
curtain went up and then grabbing 
any left-over seat. 

"Sometimes 1 used to travel to 
London and I remember seeing the 
Gielgud/Scofield Much Ado and 
thinking one day I'll be up there with 
you alL but I never really believed it. 
Not when I was back in Southend. 
Only then the Hansen Players came 
for a season, and the stage manager 
told the director about this big stage- 
struck girl, and he came to see me 
with the local amateurs and sent me 
off to Keighley on four pounds a week 
as the assistant stage manager. 

“After that they kept roe on for 
three years, travelling around the 
country in weekly Rep. and then 1 did 
seasons all over the north, but I was 
still only 3S when I got Sailor Beware! 
at Worthing because the actress who 
was supposed to play old Emma got 
called away for a film, so they asked 
me if r could learn it in a week and 1 
did. All the London managements 
came and said they’d like to do it if 
they could find a star to replace me 
for the West End; so they spent a year 
without finding anybody, and then 
they came, back and said all right I 
could fill in for a couple of weeks with 
the play at the Strand between other 
bookings there. 

“That was all they thought we’d 
manage without a star name in the 
cast, but we lasted well over a 
thousand performances and then, 
when it came to the film, all the 

Peggy Mount as Mrs Leverett: “I love her . . . I've always loved the play' 

make-up people were appalled be- 
cause they said 1 looked far too young 
on camera. I'd done that whole West 
End run of three years on forty 
pounds a week because that was my 
original contract — twice what Td 
been getting in Rep and it seemed 
wonderfuL ’ 

“1 think the best thing about it was 
that it gave a lot of other people 
who'd been spending their lives in 
Rep the chance to think, well if she 
can do it, so can we. I remember once 
saying to Peter Sellers that we'd never 
get above the titie because we were 
character people, not stars. Thai's 
sometimes hard to accept, because 
everyone wants to look like Maggie 
Smith, but we just aren't all built that 
way. Who'd have thought a fat 
character-woman could get her name 
in lights? That’s why I love the 
theatre, it's so unexpected. - 

“I've done more of the classics than 
people ever remember. I suppose 
because the television work has been 
mainly in situation comedy; but I 
played the Nurse in the Zeffirelli 
Romeo at the Old Vic in I960, and 
then 1 stayed there to do She Stoops to 
Conquer with Tommy Steele. Much 
of my life has been with the big 
subsidized companies: I had three 
years with the NalionaL starting there 
in the opening production of II 
CampieHoand finishingin Lark Rise. 
and then 1 ! went to Stratford for The 

Dillen. so I was lucky enough to do 
both the great community plays, and 
then I stayed there for Measure for 
Measure and ended up at the Bar- 
bican in The Happiest Days of Your 
Life. So this will be my first time back 
in the West End for a whole decade. 

“It took a while to break out of 
farce, but now I'm very* glad to be 
back in il For years alter Sailor 
Beware! every script 1 got always 
started ‘Act One: Charlie is sitting 
down: enter his huge, noisy, 
overbearing wife*, and I got so 
depressed I stopped reading them. ! 
Then one day the phone rang and a i 
voice said ‘This is Michael Ben than at 
the Old Vic and we're doing Romeo 
and Juliet and f wonder. . . 7 and 1 1 
said 'Ooh yes please' and he said 'But \ 
I haven't even made the offer yet’ and 
I said 'Never mind the offer, you're 
the answer to a prayer' and that was . 
that. ’ 

“I live in London now, nice and 
dose to theatres, and I suppose I'll go 
on working in them as tong as anyone 
asks. I thought 1 was going to be on 
the road in Reps all my life, but h 
turned out differently and l*m not 
complaining and I've not regretted a . 
day of it You can't hope for much 
more than that after forty years in the 
business. It was lucky the Harry 
Hansen Players came to Southend 
when they did.” 


Albert Hall/Radio 3 

Liszt the centenary of whose 
death was further commemo- 
rated in this Prom, was never 
a man to shirk experiment. 
Usually it worked, but some- 
times it did not With the 
symphonic poem Cc qu on 
emend sur tc moniagnc. which 
was begun in 1847 but did not 
reach its final form until 1856. 
he surely miscalculated. To be 
sure, the work expands formal 
boundaries, and taken in 
isolation many of its ideas, 
thematic or coiouristic, are 
arresting inventions. But the 
work rather ambles between 
its peaks and ravines, and its 
overall shape seems clumsy. 
The BBC Symphony Or- 
chestra under Peter Eolvos 
played it well, with some fine 
woodwind playing and a 
lovely trumpet solo from Gar- 
eth Bimson. 

Equally strange was the 
work which came immedi- 
ately before the interval. 
Bariok's Scherzo for piano 
and orchestra. Op 2. Zoltan 
Kocsis dispatched this with 
the magisterial elegance and 
integrity that mark him as a 
leading pianist of his genera- 


Albert Hall/Radio 3 

For his second Prom. Bernard 
Haitink found himself with 
another portrait collection on 
his hands: after Elgar's enig- 
mas came Strauss's open 
scrapbook Bin Heldcnlchen. 
With the London Phil- 
harmonic in gleeful collabora- 
tion. Haitink indulged Strauss 
in a charivari of unashamed 
character studies. 

Being Haitink, of course, he 
made sure they all served his 
own clearly defined musical 
purposes. The very humour in 
the swirling horns and lower 
strings, the smirk of the oboe 
and the fierceness of the flutes 
were ways. too. of activating a 
vibrant transparency of tex- 
ture. This m turn enabled 
Haitink to poise and pace the 
mighty progress of the the 
opening theme, just as David 
Nolan's sweetly acerbic violin 
solo was to prepare the ear for 
Haitink's feeding of the coda's 
last long melody. Above all. 
this was a performance of 
brilliant timing and shrewd 
proportion: • 

tion. Certain image-conscious 
voung rivals should note care- 
fully. Yet not even his persua- 
siveness was quite enough to 
sell the piece, a sprawling 
sectional structure (whose ti- 
tle. given the amount of slow 
music it includes, >s actually 
quite misleading), as anything 
more than a curiosity. 

Certainly, although its har- 
monies are often spicy 1 , and 
the varied recapitulation of 
the actual scherzo section has 
an anticipator)' pithiness 
about it there is little else here 
to suggest the compact 
resourcefulness of Bariok’s 
later music, though neither is 
it cast in the taie-Romanuc 
mould that one might expect. 
The soloist's role is far re- 
moved from the traditional 
one of battling hero. 

We had ibe opportunity at 
the beginning of the concert to 
hear the work of another great 
composer in his formative 
stages, though the process of 
revision to which Wagner 
subjected his A Faust Overture 
after it first appeared in 1840 
lasted until 1856. But the piece 
seems to have emerged pretty 
well from his considered 
deliberations, its momentum 
carried onward by an impul- 
sive sense of drama. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Just as Haitink's experience 
with Strauss opera helped 
him. with hindsight. in the 
control of the work's many 
strands, so Murray Perahia's 
long and deep assimilation of 
the Mozartian rondo-finale 
was to strengthen his under- 
standing of Beethoven's own. 
The vigorous and varied voic- 
ing of each return in the 
Rondo of the Third Piano 
Concerto did away with any 
need for the self-conscious 
demarcation and momentary 
pauses for emphasis which can 
so often sap the movement of 
truly Beeihovenian impetus. 

Perahia's was a perfor- 
mance heard and re-created in 
delightfully fresh detail. Mo- 
mentum at the start was 
created by-noting the velocity 
as well as the dynamic value of 
accent and trill: stillness at the 
centre was found in a quiet 
concentration on the Largo's 
harmonic pivoL Haitink part- 
nered Perahia's luminous 
fingerwork and long-breathed 
phrasing with an accompani- 
ment acutely aware of the 
finesse of ihis concerto's en- 
semble writing. 

Hilary Finch 

wm a Weldon mmI Jerome Mm 
fcr Trim** tontn-Pn**iU*ml*. 

Edinburgh Festival • 







Directed ty MARK KINGSTON 

The Shaftesbury Theatre ol Comedy 

Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2 

Box Office 01.379 5399 CC 01 .579 64531741 9998 
01 540 7200 (24hra 7 day*. Bk* fee) 

Reduced price preview tonight. 
Opens tomorrow At 7.00pm 







Usher Half 

When Simon Rattle conducts 
The Dream of Geromius, or 
any other Elgar, one. can 
almost hear the shackles of 
jaded tradition dropping 
away. For this freshness one 
can forgive occasional im- 
precisions in execution. At the 
outset of “Softly and gently" 
even the City of Birmingham 
Symphony Orchestra’s strings 
were momentarily unsettled 
by the spaciousness of the 
tempo. But Rattle’s liking for 
sudden gear-changes was only 
part of his general penchant 
i for heightened dynamics that 
made for a vivid reading. 

He was best instilling a 
marked sense of light and 
shade into the orchestral 
accompaniments of the solos. 
Only the grandiose flowing of 
the “Go forth" chorus soun- 
ded over-ripe, while the 
melod ramie pause inserted 
after Geronlius’s death seem- 

ed -strained in this jeontext. 
Not. time h point in singing' 
“Go forth"- to a chap who is 
already long gone. •• *- j 

The Edinburgh ; Festival 
Chorus produced a throaty 
roar in all the right places. 
Perhaps that treacherous fugal j 
scamper through “Dispos- 
sessed, aside thrust" lacked 
ideal incisiveness, and the 
semi-chorus work was some- 
times woolly-toned, but the 
intonation was invariably 

As Geromius. John Milcb- 
inson produced some very 
restrained, if pleasant, singing 
until “Take me away", and 
this approach occasionally 
sounded at odds with his 
conductor's more passionate 
view. Dame Janet Baker also 
exploited the sotto voce 
possibilities of the Angel's part 
whh seasoned musicianship, 
and John Shirley-Quirk. 
though now a little muffled in 
delivery, brought dignity to 
the Priest’s valediction. 

Richard Morrison 





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BELFAST 1742 NW [02321 665577 ^ 4)^9505 

SWISSYM-WWW, -|HHOlMI2-7W(fl635j4fflW4 


First London performances of 
highly acclaimed fairy tale ballet 



Sept 9 10 19 22 at Z30 Sept 20 at 230 and 730 

Swan Labe 

Sept 11 12 15 at 73a 
Sept 13 at 230 and 730 


The Vtand of 



Pas de Deux/ 


of the 


Sept 16 17. 

10 at 730 


present f _ ^ 

present | 

, liaisons 

Directed by HOWARD DAVIES 
Designed by BOB CROWLEY 


Reservations 01.240 1066/1911 

£L00-£22£0 (eves) £1-1330 (mats)>; 




Royal Shakespeare Company 




Booking 01 8366111 Credit CardsOI 8361171 or \wSBi 
FirstCaliOl 240 7200 24 hour7 day (bookingfee) 



Jailed IRA men Trade marks of Henry Moore 
back Provos’ , 
drive for Dail 

By Rickard Ford 

The leadership of Pro- 
visional Sinn Fein is receiving 
support from four key con- 
victed terrorists in its efforts 
to drop the organization's 
policy of refusing to take seats 
in the Irish Republic’s 

Patrick Magee, the Brighton 
bomber, has joined three oth- 
ers in demanding the change 
to allow . Provisional elected 
representatives to work in the 
“corridors of power” at Lein- 
ster House, where the Dail sits 
iii Dublin. 

The other three backing the 
proposal. are Paul Kavanagh, 
who led the “active service 
unit” which bombed Harrods 
and the home of Sir Michael 
Havers, the Attorney - Gen- 
eral: Brian Keenan, a former 
head of Provisional IRA op- 
erations: and Brendan Dowd, 
a leading figure in a terrorist 
cell based in the north of 
England during the mid- 

All four are serving sen- 
tences in Leicester prison, but 
in two letters to the 
Provisional's mouthpiece, 
Republican A lews, they signal, 
their support for an amend- 
ment in the constitution being 
promoted by senior figures 
around the northern leader- 
ship of Mr Gerry Adams, PSF 
MP for West Belfast 

In one letter they say PSF 
must try to gain political 
power in the “free state", as it 
was no longer justifiable to 
commit future generations to 
permanent war without the 
hope of power. “That can only 

be achieved through the ballot 
box. We believe that Sinn Fein 
must place before the elec-j 
torale a revolutionary pro-* 
gramme and, if elected, takej 
Its seats in Leinster House.” 

The letter admits what lead- 
ing PSF figures accept, that a 
majority of people in the 
South recognize the Dail and 
institutions of state and it 
adds that for the movement tq 
ignore this is counter-) 
revolutionary. [ 

"It is time for a change” 
they declare, before urging 
November's annual con- 
ference to amend the constitu- 
tion “to enable elected 
representatives to carry out 
revolutionary work in the 
corridors of power. We do not 
believe any republican prin- 
ciple is involved in this issue. 
The history of our struggle is 
the history of failure to estab- 
lish the republic.” 

It says the Provisional IRA 
gives allegiance only to the 
republic but that intermediate 
gains must be made along that 
road and it asks readers: "Is 
there a choice?” 

If PSF were to win seats and 
enter the Dail it would have 
far-reaching effects on south- 
ern politics, particularly if in a 
hung parliament they held the 
balance of power. Tbe 
authorities would also have to 
review section 31 of the 
Broadcasting Act which bans 
the movement from appearing 
on state radio or television. 

Threat to breweries, page 2 

Young more apathetic 

Continued from page 1 
satisfactions are not being 
translated into political 
commitment comes from 
their attitude lo unemploy- 

It is considered by a large 
margin the most important 
issue. Yet asked what they 
thought was the main cause of 
unemployment in the country 
as a whole, only 21 per cent 
chose the Government or the 
Conservative Party. 

Only 21 per cent of the 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh visits 
Fam borough international ’86 
exhibition and display. Farn- 
bo rough Airfield, 1 1.30; and 
later, as President of the En- 
glish-Speaking Union, attends 
the opening dinner of the 1986 
World Members' Conference. 
Sheraton Hotel, Edinburgh. 

The Duke of Kent attends 
Fam borough Internationa] '86. 
Famborough Airfield. 10.45. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,139 


I Splendid piece of raillery re- 
strained by master in charge 

9 Why. it’s said, leaving a 
novelist's joint causes priva- 
tion (8). 

10 Saki even holds it to be in 
the Ukraine (4). 

11 One sent, reportedly, from 
Coleridge's town of monks 
and bones? <3,2,7). 

13 Stages in development for 
racecourses (6). 

14 Tenacious disposition of 
one he saved 18). 

15 Benedinion. no less, for 
such an entertainer? (7). 

16 Darling girl seen outside is- 
land plant (7). 

20 Lose track of spymasters* of- 
fice ($). 

22 Cocktail ingredients pur- 
chased originally by in- 
experienced bridge players 
( 6 ). 

23 From which we may run. 
after showing surprise at 
first (8-4). 

25 Chanced upon India's 
opener returning likewise 

26 On the shore following the 
text, say (8). 

27 The Who’s Who of fish and 
bird in New York (8L 


2 An exciting sort of rabble- 

rouser (8). 

3 Curious type who jilted first 
girl friend, we are told (12). 

4 Set out methodically, 
though banned recently (8). 

5 One spotted speeding — a 
con man. some may say (7). 

6 Old Scottish tower contain- 
ing ring as ornament (6). 

7 The first such politician was 
the Devil, said Johnson (4). 

8 Border planted in record 
time — it doesn't last long 

12 Opposing enlightenment in 
artTTUC boss could be (12). 

15 Garment for old king 
receiving friends at Ver- 
sailles? (8). 

17 In printing unit extremely 
effective gambit for a 
worker (8). 

18 Guileless pope (8). 

19 Belgian misrepresented as 
being from Calcutta, per- 
haps (7). 

21 A devout old Indo-Euro- 
pean lacking an area for in- 
sects (6). 

24 Wanted unlimited stake (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,138 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Hairy Moore, tbe sculptor, who died yesterday aged 88, in reflective mood before one of his distinctive open-air marks. 
Continued from page 1 * 

young unemployed in the poll 
blame the Government for 
being jobless. Yet in August 
1981, MORI found in a survey 
for Granada television that 
the figure was 40 per cent 

• The survey, whose findings 
begin on the Spectrum page 
today and will be continued 
tomorrow and on Wednesday, 
was carried out among a 
representative quota sample 
of 607 respondents aged 18 to 
24, at 50 sampling points 
between August 25 and 27. 

Paintings and photography by 
Sue Rae and Mustafo Sami; 
Niccol Centre, Brewery Court, 
Cirencester, Glos; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5.30 (ends Sept 30). 

Bany Cooper solo exhibition; 
Museum Gallery, 1 North Pa- 
rade. Frame, Somerset: Mon to 
' Sat 10 to 4, closed Thurs (ends 
Oct 3). 

Paintings, drawings and etch- 
ings: by Ray Ambrose*. Fal- 
mouth Art Gallery, The Moon I 
Mon to Fri 10 to 4.30 (ends Sept ] 
26)- . 

Animal magic: sculpture;' 
Mid-Pennine Arts Association, 

studied in the 1920s, de- 
scribed the sculptor as the 
greatest of the century and 
said he had had a "tremen- 
dously strong influence on all 

Professor Hedgecoe recalled 
that in his last years, Mr 
Moore would still draw every 
day in spite of being confined 
to his bed or a wheelchair. 

Mr Bernard Meadows, a 
fellow sculptor who worked 
with Mr Moore 50 years ago, 
said he would be remembered 
with the same respect as 
Constable and Turner. 

Mr Meadows said:"His im- 
pact was like that of Picasso. It 
was not that he affected the 
style of sculpture, but it was 
his attitude of serious dedica- 
tion that created a climate in 
which art could be taken 

Mr Moore was also remem- 
bered by the town of 
Castleford in West Yorkshire 
where he grew up, and with 
which he kept strong links 

Mr Moore leaves a wife, 
Irene, a daughter, Mary, and 

The sculptor at the unveiling of his Family Group at Harlow New Town, Essex, in 1956. 






•' v * 


■ ~ 




■ ■ 









■ ■ 





■ ■ 







■ ■ 





s . v* ■/ 

m m 


m ■ 







2 Ham merlon St, Burnley; Mon 
to Fri 9 to 5 (ends Sept 26.) 

Bhimbetka Art: watercolours 
of the rock-art of the Bhimbetka 
region: Physics Building; Mon 
to Fri 8 JO to 7 (ends Sept 5); 
Richard Ross: museology 
photographs; John Hansard 
Gallery. Monto Sat 10 to 6 (ends 
Oct 25); Southampton Uni- 

Watercolours by Mary Fox 
and Paul Millichip; Beecroft Art 
Gallery, Westclifle. Southend- 
on-Sea; Mon to Thurs, 9.30 to I 
and 2 to 5J0, Fri 9.30 to 1 and 2 
to 5 (ends Sept 26). 
Exhibitions in progress 
The Creation of an Ideal: 
Neo-classical drawings: Festival 
Gallery. Aldebnrgh; Mon to Sun 
10 to 6 (ends Sept 6) 

21 Artists: The Easton 
Rooms, 107 High St, Rye; Mon 

Paintings and prints by Mike 
Exali. Elizabeth Howlett, and 
Marcia Ley: Linton Court Gal- 
lery, Duke St, Settte; Tues, Fri 

Julia Parry: Tbe Old and the 
Derelict; Postemgaie Gallery, 6 
Postemgate. Hull; Tues to Sat 
10 to 5.30 (ends Sept 27). 
Echoes of Man and Nature: 

photographs by 
icer; The Old 

Break in the Seal: phoio- 

A Rediscovery: paintings by 

5, Sun 2 to 6 (ends Sept 21). 
Last chance to see 
Work by the Ayr Sketch Gub:. 
Madaurin An Gallery, Rozelle 
Park, Ayr, 1 1 to 5. 


Concert by the London FhH- 
harmonic Orchestra; Ripon 
Cathedral. 7.30. 

Recital by the Orlando String 
Quarteu Oxford Church, Suf- 
folk. 8. 


Famborough Air Show; Faro- 
borough Airfield, today until 
Sept 7, 10 to 5. 

Antique Fair; £itonfl Town 
Hall. 10 to 5. 

Nature notes 

The common and arctic terns 
are passing southwards along 
our coasts. They are sometimes 
accompanied by arctic skuas, 
who harass them until they drop 
the fish they are carrying; then 
the skuas stoop and pick die fish 
up in the air. 

In woods and gardens, tawny 
owls are hooting noisily as they 
quarrel over winter territories. 
Goldfinches are flocking to feed 
on the thistle heads, but many of 
the feathery seeds are whisked 
away by the wind. A late- 
opening flower on the roadsides - 
is the yellow fleabane. Elder- 
berries are ripe, and mushrooms 
are common in the fields. 

Young frogs have spread out 
across the countryside. They are i 
often the prey of adders and 
grass snakes, whose young are 
also appearing Caterpillars of 
the garden tiger moth are feed- 
ing on nettles, or striding 
purposefully down roads in 
search of a place to hibernate. 

Wasps are pouring out of their 
nests and feeding on anything 
sweet that they can find. Some 
of the larger dragonflies are just 
beginning to fly. like the com- 
mon aeshna, a hawking species 
with a four-inch wingspan. 


Video Act 

From today most English 
language video works curremly 
in circulation, will have to be 
classified and labelled for view- 
ing by different age groups. This 
already applies to videos re- 
leased from September I, I9S5. 

Under sections 9 and 10 of the 
Video Recordings Act 1984 all 
English language video works, 
except those mistered with the 
Department of Trade and In- 
dustry since 1940 for cinema , 
release. The work is being 
carried out by the British Board | 
of Film Classification. 


London and Sooth-east: Ml: 
Contraflow between junctions 7 
and 9 (Heme! Hempstead); 50 
mph speed restrictions. A2: 
Contraflow between Gravesend 
East and the B2009 at Cobhaxn; 
A217: Roadworks in lower 
Lingswoqd; delays for traffic 
approaching SW London from 
M25 junction 8 (Reigate). 

Midlands: MI: Contraflow 
between junctions 4 and 5 
(Bromsgrove/Droitwich). A52: 
Single line traffic controlled by 
temporary lights between Not- 
tingham and Grantham at 

Wales and West MS; Repairs 
on southbound carriageway be- 
tween junctions 25 and 26 
(Taunton/A38 Wellington). 
M4: Lane restrictions in both 
directions between junctions 44 
and 45 (Swansea). A38: Lane 
closures in both directions at 
Haidon HUI, Exeter. 

The North: M<k Rebuilding 
work on both carriageways be- 
tween junctions 32 and 33 
1 (Preston/Blackpool). M62: Re- 
surfacing between junctions 7 
(Widnes) and Burt on wood ser- 
vices. M18: Contraflow between 
junctions 6 and 7 (Wore- 


Scotland: M8: Resurfacing 
work at junction 17; no north- 
bound exit to Great Western 
Road (A82). M73: Lane closures 
on southbound link to A74 
(junction 1). A 75: Bypass 
construction at Creetown, Kir- 

Information supplied by AA 

Bond winners 

The winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000: 10YW 
994751 (winner lives in Enfield) 
£50,000: 18XF 538033 (Derby- 
shire) £25,000: 12SN 727181 



Pressure will be low near 
Iceland and high to the 
SW of tbe British Isles. 
Weakening Atlantic 
fronts will move slowly 
SE across much of Wales 
and central and southern 
England during Monday. 

6 am to midnight 

Yugoslavia Dor 

Ratos for snail denorrmavon tank notes 
only as supplied by Barclays Ba* PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
Cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price MWC3M.7 

London: The FT Index dosed 141 SHU at 

131 1.9 on Friday. 

New Yoric tiro Dow Jones Industrial 
average dosed down MS M 189644 on 


Births: Edward Alleyn, actor 
and founder of Dulwich College, 
London, 1566; Edgar Rice Bur- 
roughs novelist (Tarxm of the 
Apes l Chicago, 1875. 

Deaths: Nicholas Breakspear, 
the only Englishman to become 
Pope (Hadrian IV, 1154-59), 
Anagni, Italy, 1 159; Louis XIV, 
the “Sun King', reigned 1643- 
1715, Versailles, 1715; Sam ad 
Colerfdge-Taylor, composer, 
Croydon, 1912; WW Jacobs, 
short story writer, London, 
1943; Siegfried Sassoon, Hey- 
tesbury, Wiltshire, 1967. 

Union deals atom 
blow to Kinnock 

i tion will back a motion from 

Continued from page i ^ Technic3 j Administrative 

.'of their venom will be directed and Supervisory Staff Union 
at Mr Eric Hammond, ibe which makes no specific ref- 
general secretary of the Elec- erence to pre-strike ballots, 
trical, Electronic, Tele- stating merely that unions 
communication and should be free to determine 
Plumbing Union, their own rule books. 

Mr Hammond, who since However, the ghost of Mr 
the dispute has received death Scargtil’s past militancy is 
threats and obscene telephone jjkely to return to haunt Mr 

calls, has been advised by the Kinnock on Thursday when 
police to remain in his hotel the conference debates nuclear 
when the conference is not m energy policy, 
session- The NUM will formally 

session- toe IVUWi iwuuuiy 

However. Mr Hammond' second a Fire Brigades Union 
intends today to brave the motion calling for the scrap- 
demonstrators and walk past p jng of all atomic energy 
them into the conference halL plants. 

A senior EETPU spokes- A j^ule 1S also looming on 
man said; "We are aware of Wednesday over the TUC 
the risks and. will be taking agreed with the Labour 
suitable security precautions, parry, for a statutory national 

U1W ****** MIL, tiULVU win 

suitable security precautions. Party, for a stall 
Yesterday, Mr Scargill minimum wage, 
urged his 22 delegates to For differing reasons,, the 

oppose the General Council electricians have forged an 
and insist on the right for alliance with Mr Todd's 
union executive committees TGWU to oppose a resolution 
to call strikes without nee- to be proposed by the Na- 
essarily balloting their tional Union of Public 
members. " Employees. _ 

But his rhetoric was ignored The electricians believe that 
and all but three of the such a wages floor would 
delegates rejected his plea- erode the differentials of their 
Instead, the NUM ddega- well paid members. 

delegates rejected his plea- erode the di 
Instead, the NUM delega- well paid m 

Hospitals to rethink 
rules on killer germs 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Hospitals are to be given 
safety guidelines to try to stop 
the spread of drug-resistant 
germs which have caused the 
deaths of many patients. 

The bacteria have been 
identified in at least 32 Lon- 
don hospitals and outbreaks 
of similar infections have been 
reported in others in Not- 
tinghamshire, Yorkshire and 
East Anglia, in the past five 

The virulent strain known 
as metbicillin-resistant 
staphylococcus aureus 
(MRSA) is a particular threat 
to elderly patients, those 
recovering from surgery and 
those whose natural immunity 
has been suppressed by drugs, 
such as transplant and kidney 
dialysis patients. 

A working party e xamining 
the problem on behalf of the 
North Fast Thames health 
region is preparing advice for 
hospitals. Dr Jean Bradley, 
chairman of the working 
party, said yesterday: "There 

is quite a considerable prob- 
lem in some hospitals. 

“The difficulty is in 
discovering which patients 
have the infection and taking 
measures to isolate them and 
prevent further spread. 

"Isolation facilities are 
essential once an outbreak has 
occurred, but they are expen- 
sive and time consuming. 

"Controlling this infection 
requires high standards of 
hospital discipline. For some 
medical and nursing staff it 
means relearning hygiene 
training and having a contin- 
ued awareness of how micro- 
organisms cause infections” 

The infection was a 
contributory factor in the 
deaths of more than 20 pa- 
tients at the London Hospital, 
Whitechapel, two years ago.. 
The problem is not confined 
to Britain and has perplexed 
hospital authorities in Austra- 
lia and the United States. 

5 58 

13 55 *vin,9 

6 61 shawm 

7 63 sunny 

5 59 sunny 

5 59 bngrt 
5 58 cloudy 
57 cloudy . 
3 55 showers 
7 B3 bright 

<9- toff, r, rain; s. sun; sn. 
C F c F 

In £ ***** f ® 77 

P. 1 30 86 

VK « ! 5*5* C 15 58 
S £ C 18 86 

ft U f 33 91 

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18 81 Itomnwr B 21 70 

17 mSteST’ 1 23 73 

13 5S £22 * 2 If 

3i ii nSSn l 33 Si 

23 73*2*’ Sag 

USES! a 21 70 

15 S SSL « 18 fil 
S £ c 15 39 

t 19 88 
e 14 57 
* c 9 48 
, s 29 84 
I c 19 66 
. . * 43108 

24 75 Pnft 


figures an latest 

c F 
fi 25 77 
t 15 59 
s 18 64 
f 14 67 
c 19 68 
t 2S 82 
f 27 81 
t 948 
e IS 59 
s 10 64 
1 25 77 
8 32 90 
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Concise Crossword page 10 

business and finance 


...*iM - 

. «v,rf v ■ 

' v ii* ■ 




Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 



FT 30 Share 

. VI 


‘•Il , ^ 

FT-SE 100 

* 5 4 

1660.9 (4-53.8) 



USM (Datastream) 


• 'TV 

i r ? 


V i; 

US Dollar 


1.4870 (-0.0030) 

W German marie 

3.0321 (-0.0105) 


71.1 (-2.0) 


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• •“a:* 

•' • •ll'f 

- 3 

Deficit can 
only grow 
even worse 

From Maxwell Newtou 
New York 

. The markets is America 
were rightly shocked by the 
huge $18.04 billion trade defi- 
W dt m July, which brought the 
l - cumulative deficit in the first 
seven months of the year to 
$102 billion compared with 
$80.9 billion in the same 
period of 1985. 

Immediately, die dollar, 
which had been pushed up- 
wards on a spurious rise in the 
index of teaila^ indicators for 
July, dipped sharply. On Fri- 
day it was (town to DM243 
and 155 yen, still tor too hig 
figure to reflect the ham 

Not surprisingly, the bond 
market bounced on the news, 
$ which indicates the possibility 
of a negative result for GNP 
growth in the third quarter. 
The September T-note futures 
jnraped almost one point while 
the T-Bond futures jumped 
18/32 to 101%. 

1 The July trade result re- 
flected a fall of 7.1 per cent in 
exports and a rise of 7.5 per 
cent in imports. 

America has been living off 
other people's savings to a 
huge extent — absorbing sorae- 

Antysls II 

Gilt-edged 18 
Coamwut 19 
USM Review 19 

Co News : 19 
FondgaBxcb 19 
Money Mitts 19 
Share Prices 20 



thing like 40 per cent of the 
savings of the the indus- 
trialized nations. 

At some point, the game will 

have to stop, fn smaller na- 
tions like Australia, the exis- 
tence of a massive balance of 
paymentsdeficit eventually 
overwhelms the domestic 
economy and turns it into a 
recession, which breaks im- 
port demand and eventually 
restores stability to both the 
domestic economy and the 
balance of payments. 

In the US case, the domestic 
economy is suffering from the 
effects of the trade deficit. 
Growth in the last eight 
quarters since June 30, 1984 
1ms been abysmal, about 2 per 
cent per annmn. But the 
domestic economy has been 
helped by massive infusions of 
Federal Reserve credit and by 
a massive fiscal deficit. So the 
normal connection between a 
huge balance of payments 
deficit and the domestic econ- 
omy has been muted. 

This has meant the dollar 
hag remained unnaturally 
strong — having been devalued 
by little more &imn 10 per cent 
hi the last 18 months - and the 
domestic economy had suc- 
ceeded in mai ntain ing some 
forward momentum . 

The great fear of the Ameri- 
can aulhcrities is that as the 
deficit necessarily contracts — 
if only because the world is 
awash with dollars — the rest 
of the world will move into 
recession because there fe no 
possibility of absorbing im- 
ports of $170 billion a year. 
Appeals to Germany and Ja- 
pan have fallen on deaf ears 
because they are hoping that 
somehow the US will keep oo 
borrowing in order to maintain 
the flow of imports and an 
artificially inflated standard of 

It is foolish of the Germans 
and the Japanese to think they 
can escape the consequences 
of the huge devaluation of the 
dollar which still has to come. 
The US deficit on its cunjmt 
account is running at $175 
billion a year. This represents 

a total failure of policy because 
it is w'iyipudirtg the American 
people into thinking they are 
much better off than they are, 
while bunding up huge debts 

To achieve an increase of 
$140 billion {the decline m US 
imports needed to briM ™e 
current account into balance) 
in German and Japanese im- 
ports, they wouM have to nse 
by 47 per cent. Such a nse is 
entirely out of the question. 
Hie Germans and the J»P*“ 
nese have undoubtedly worked 

this out and are hoping to stall 

for time, hoping the US will 
continue to go into masswe 
debt in order to maintain 
growth of world trade, from 

which Germany and Japan are 

key beneficiaries. 





CBI adds to fears 
about trade and 
economic growth 

By Graham Se&rjeant, Financial Editor 
TheConfederation ofBritish 
Industry, often among the 
optimists about the fetish 
economy, has joined the trend 
to gloomier views among 
forecasters by cutting its es- 

timate of growth in output 
next year from 18 per cent to 
2.6 per cent 

The CBI has also revised its 
output forecast for 1986 down 
from 2.4 per cent to 2 per cent 
because the US economy and 
world trade are growing —and 
responding to the fall in oil 
prices — more slowly than 

Manufacturing output is 
now expected to fell by 0.5 per 
cent this year and grow by 
only 1.7 per cent m 1987, 
much worse than earlier 

Next year’s growth would 
be enough to create 300400 
jobs, but this would only cut 

average levels of unemploy- 
ment by 100,000 m 1987. 

In its quarterly Economic 
Situation Report, published 
today, the CBI points to lack 
of competitiveness in industry 

due to high earnings increases 
as the biggest problem. 

Exports are expected to rise 
by only 1.7 per cent this year 
as world trade growth slips 
from 4.5 per cent to 3 per cent 
They should grow fester next 
year, but the CBTs projection 
of 3 per cent growth is stfl] less 
than the projected growth in 
world trade. 

Consumer expenditure is 
expected to remain buoyant 
on the back of high real wage 
increases, rising 4-2 percent in 
1987 after 4.8 per cent tin's 
year, but much of the rise is 
being taken from stock or 

The CBI expects a balance 

Japanese cut forecast 

The impact of the strong 
rise of the yen has forced the 
Japanese government's eco- 
nomic planning agency to cut 
its growth forecast for the 
financial year to next March 
from 4 percent to 18 percent. 

Mr Tetsuo Kondo, head of 
the agency, is reported to have 
told a seminar that, because of 
the impact of the yen on 
export earnings, domestic de- 
mand would need to be ex- 
panded by Y3,000 billion by 
budget measures to achieve 4 
per cent growth. 

A battle is growing in Tokyo 
over the need for an expan- 

sionary budget in the autumn 
or next spring, between mem- 
bers of the ruling liberal 
Democratic Party and the 
finance ministry, which 
continues to take a cautious 

• The latest West German 
economic forecast, prepared 
by the independent 1FO re- 
search institute, takes a more 
cautious view than the gov- 
ernment, which has been look- 
ing for 3 per cent growth. 

The IFO forecast suggests 
growth of between 15 and 3 
per cent this year and “a good 
2.5 per cent” next year. 

of payments surplus of £1.7 
billion this year to be trans- 
formed into a £1.5 billion 
deficit in 1987, which will 
continue to rise in 1988. 

The CBTs monthly trends 
survey for August, published 
with the report, indicates that 
export orders in manufac- 
turing industry remain at then- 
lowest since November 1983. 

Mr David Wiggjesworth, 
chairman of the CBTs eco- 
nomic situation committee, 
said: “UK exports are cur- 
rently growing at just over half 
the rate of increase in world 
trade generally. The way to 
improve our market share is 
by ensuring our design, qu 
ity, delivery and after-sales 
service are better, our 
productivity is higher and our 
cost price and pay increases 
are lower than our overseas 

Inflation is expected to rise 
slightly to 33 per cent for this 
year, and to increase further to 
an average of 43 per cent for 
the whole of 1987. 

The CBTs greater pcs 
mism is shared m an Institute 
of Directors survey of 200 
members which showed a 
rapid deterioration in con- 

But a new forecast from the 
Midland Bank presents a 
much more hopeful view of 
the economy. The Midland 
expects strong consumer 
spending and higher invest- 
ment to Inring 3 per cent 
growth m both-1 987 and 1988, 
with inflation falling back 
again to 23 per cent in 1988 

David Wlgglesworth: pay rises must be lower than rivals' 

Set for a powerful future: The : 

on display 

Jet engine to cut fuel 
consumption by 25% 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

the 50,000 lbs of 

Rolls-Royce yesterday pre- 
sented its contender in the 
race for the next generation of 
fuel-efficient engines for long- 
range airliners. 

The distinctive RB529 
Contrafan engine, which 
could power the Boeing 747 
jumbo jet and future airbus 
A330 and A340 long-range 
aircraft, was exhibited at the 
Famborougb International 

Airs how. 

The engine, which could be 
flying in the mid-1990s, is 
expected to undercut the fuel 
consumption of present large 
fen engines by 25 per cent 
It forms a major part of 
Rolls-Royce's marketing strat- 
egy aimed at covering every 
sector of the international 
aero-engine market - 
The company, beaten into 
the air by its American rival. 
General Electric, with an 


The Fambo rough show, at- 
tended by aerospace buyers 
and aviation ministers, also 
gave Rolls-Royce the opportu- 
nity to reveal its RB550 
turboprop engine. This engine 
could power 50- to 70-seater 
airliners at 35 per cent lower 
fuel consumption than current 

Yesterday, withm months 
of being floated on the stock 
market Rolls-Royce outlined 
its strategy for the future and 
said it had identified markets 
worth £178 billion. 

Mr David Marshall, general 
manager, marketing planning 
and new projects, said that £70 
billion of the market would be 
in the commercial sector, with 
more than a third made up of 
luge fen engines to power 
jumbo jets, new trijets such as 

_ _ the proposed McDonald 

inducted fen engine (UDF) - Douglas MD1 U and I the wid^ 
a propellor driven engine - body twin enraned aircraft 
said its Contrafen concept did produced by Airbus Industrie 
not need a large gearbox to and Boeing. 




By Our City Staff 

Mr Roger Bbwes. chief exec- 
utive of Express Newspapers, 
publishers of the Daily Ex- 
press. the Sunday Express and 
the Star, has resigned just 10 
months after being appointed' 
when United Newspapers 
took over Fleet Holdings for 
£317 million: 

A company statement said 
Mr Bowes had left “to pursue 
other interests”. Mr Graham 
Wilson, finance director of 
United Newspapers, sai± “I 
believe he left on amicable 
terms. There was no diver- 
gence of opinion on tbe future 
of the Express newspapers”. 

However, . Mr Bowes* 
resignation comes when the 
Daily Express is still trying to 
recapture lost readers. De- 
spite the appointment in April 
of a new editor, Mr Nick 
Lloyd, circulation in the first 
half of this year fell to 1.85 
million, one per cent below 
the same period last year. 

Tbe greatest achievement 
since the United takeover has 
been a 38 per cent reduction in 
the Express workforce. The 
2.500 redundancies cost about 
£65 million but should pro- 
duce annual savings of £50 

When Mr Bowes was ap- 
pointed last October, be said 
he bad been proud of raising 
circulation at Mirror Group 
newspapers, where he was 
managing director before the 
arrival of Mr Robert Maxwell. 
Hissuccessor win be his dep- 
uty, Mr Andrew Cameron, 
who w01 take the title of 
managing director. 

Tinco asks court 
to wind up ITC 

Unco Realisations, the 
organization set up by 11 
London Metal Exchange 
(LME) brokers owed millions 
of pounds by tbe International 
Tin Council (ITC), is to 
petition the High Court to 
wind up the council and 
appoint a liquidator. 

The unanimous derision, 
reached at a meeting on 
Friday, followed legal advice 
that the ITC is an unincor- 
porated body and its 22 
member states are liable for its 
debts incurred after the col- 
lapse of the tin market last 
year. Britain, a leading mem- 
ber of the ITC, has consis- 
tently denied any legal 
responsibility for its share of 
the debts. 

Mr Michael Arnold, a part- 
ner in the accountant Arthur 
Young and Tinoo's leader, 
yesterday put the brokers' 
debts at a minimum of £160 
million plus interest If a 
challenge by two brokers to 
the way the LME organized 
the settlement of outstanding 
tin contracts was successful, 
that figure could double, be 

By Richard Lander 

Tinco hopes io have the 
winding-up petition heard in 
the High Court in November. 
If it is successful, Mr Arnold 
would be the likely candidate 
to act- as receiver. 

The petition is just one of a 
plethora of legal actions that 
could encircle the ITC with 
claims for £750 million or 

Mr Arnold said it did not 
predude individual brokers 
taking member countries to 
court as JH Rayner (Mincing 
Lane) has already done with 
all 22 nations. 

The group of banks owed 
£340 million by the ITC has 
yet to declare its legal in- 
tentions. The banks lent ihe 
money to the ITC as it tried to 
support market prices though 
a massive tin-buying opera- 
tion. When the ITC ran out of 
money, the tin market col- 
lapsed with prices felling by 
more than- 50 percent. 

Mr Arnold said Unco had 
been in dose touch with the 
banks and expected them to 
fully support the petition. 

South Africa economic 
prospects downgraded 

By Our City Staff 

Indications that political 
uncertainties in South Africa 
are beginning to bite have 
brought a lower economic 
rowth forecast for tbe next 
ve years, from the Economist 
Intelligence Unit (EIU). The 
EIU has cut its projection of 
real gross domestic product 
growth between this year and 
1990 from a prvious 4.2 per 
cent a year to 3.3 per cent. 

It says: “After a tong period 
in which political uncertain- 
ties appeared to have Only a 
marginal impact on the 
domestic economy, there are 
signs that growth prospects are 
beginning to suffer.” 

While comprehensive or 
mandatory sanctions are not 
an immediate prospect, it says 
external pressure is likely to 
increase gradually. 

South Africans consumers 
are growing more uneasy 
about the ftiture. The EIU 
says: “Sluggish sales of dura- 
ble goods and new housi; 
can be explained by we 
income growth and fears of 
unemployment, but could also 
reflea deeper uncertainties”. 

However, . the report says 
that an expansionary public 
spending package and the 
weakness of the rand, could 
stimulate exports. Bui the EIU 
is still more optimistic than 
South Africa's Reserve Bank 
governor, Dr Gerhard de 
KockJn an address to the 
bank's stockholders, he put 
GDP growth for this year at no 
more than 1 to 2 per cent 
against an EIU estimate of 2.8 
per cent 

YTV share 
small man 

By Our City Staff 

Small applicants in the 
Yorkshire Television flota- 
tion, particularly those seek- 
ing between 300 and 1,000 
shares, have been favoured by 
the basis of allocation drawn 
up for the highly successful 
£10.3 million issue. 

“It has always been a small 
man's issue and we went after 
the investor in Yorkshire who 
lends io be the smaller man,” 
Mr James Lupton, a direaor 
of Barings merchant bank 
which handled the issue, said. 

The notation was over- 
subscribed SI times, far more 
than the two other recent 
television issues, Thames and 
TV-am, which were 26 and 10 
times oversubscribed respec- 
tively. YTV. the last indepen- 
dent television contraaor to 
come io the market, is offering 
25 per cent of its equity to the 

The success of the issue, 
which drew more than £520 
million from 126,000 inves- 
tors, including about 20,000 
from the YTV region, should 
ensure a substantial premium 
over the 125p offer price when 
dealings start on Friday. 

Applicants seeking between 
the minimum 200 shares and 
900 shares will enter a 
weighted ballot for 200 shares 
while those asking for 1,000 to 

10.000 shares will go into a 
similar draw for 300 shares. 
Mr Lupton said the weighting 
of the ballots would favour 
applicants in the 300-to-I,000 
share range: 

Another weighted ballot for 
400 shares will be held for 
applicants for 11.000 to 

25.000 shares, while larger 
investors, including the 16 
institutions which applied for 
one million shares or more, 
will have to content them- 
selves with just 1.35 per cent 
of the shares they sought 
Even then, an absolute limit of 

40.000 shares is to be applied. 

Sorters at National West- 
minster Bank sniffed out some 

12.000 suspected multiple 
applications, including more 
than 100 identically-com- 
pleted forms and cheques 
from one female investor, 
each seeking 200 shares. She is 
thought to have spent more 
than £40 on newspapers alone 
to obtain the forms. 

Neither Barings nor YTV 
will be instituting action 
against the multiple ap- 
plicants. “We are not conduct- 
ing a moral crusade but we 
will cash some of their 
cheques to try to recoup some 
of the money spent processing 
the applications,” Mr Lupton 

Analysts said the YTV 
flotation proved that the pub- 
lic still had a healthy appetite 
for heavily-promoted share 
issues such as the forthcoming 
Trustee Savings Bank offer 
despite recent gyrations in the 
stock market 

Boost for 
Oman cuts 

By David Young 

Energy Correspondent 

Oman yesterday announced 
that it is to cut its oil output by 
50.000 barrels a day from 

The cut, which will put 
production at 550,000 barrels 
a day, coincides with the 
introduction of the new out- 
put quota system formulated 
by the Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries 
(Opec) in an effort to send oil 
prices back up. 

The 13 Opec countries aim 
to limit production to 16.7 
million barrels a day. 

Although most were send- 
ing out larger than normal 
cargoes until the weekend it 
appears they are determined 
to make the agreement work 
and have already started to cut 
output The agreement will be 
reviewed on October 6. 

Although not an Opec 
member, Oman has tradition- 
ally co-operated with the car- 
tel. Among other 
independents. Mexico has al- 
ready announced a 10 per cent 
output cut. 

The oil spot market will 
deliver its verdict on Opec's 
new quota system this week, 
although some dealers suggest 
that prices will initially rise to 
about $ 1 8 and then fell back to 
nearer $15. 

In a report out today, Wood 
Mackenzie, the oil analyst, 
predicts that all new develop- 
ment in the North Sea will 
remain hailed until the price 
of oil rises to about $20 a 

The broker’s report on pros- 
pects in the North Sea oil 
industry says: M A)lhough the 
Opec agreement has seen 
something of a bounce in 
prices, the current level is far 
short of that required to make 
the majority of new projects 

“In addition, there is still 
considerable uncertainty in 
the market with a return to a 
price of below $10 still a 
possibility in the near term." 

Since the oil price slide 
started in December most 
major development derisions 
in theTforth Sea~fiave been 

Wood Mackenzie says:“lt is 
probable'that all new projects 
will be put on hold until two 
things happen. Firstly, the 
price of oil has to return to 
somewhere nearer $20 than its 
current level” 

“Secondly, a degree of con- 
fidence in a sustained price 
level is required. If a price in 
the high teens can be main- 
tained and the high volatility 
in the market becomes a thing 
of the past, life would be 
slightly more comfortable in 
the North Sea. The unavoid- 
able conclusion is that the 
industry in the UK feces an 
extremely difficult two or 
three years.” 

However, Wood Mackenzie 
also suggests that prices will 
fluctuate at around $15 until 
tbe end of tbe decade, when 
demand for oil will creep up. 

Fibre-optic threat to satellites 

Mr Jerry DeMartino, the vic&- 
president for international 
relations of the American 
telephone company, MCI 
makes himself perfectly dear. 

He will be pulling his inter- 
national telephone circuits off 
satellites as fast as he can, and 
re-routing them on submarine 
fibre-optic rabies, which he 
asserts provide better quality, 
greater reliability and a lower 
cost. “Without a doubt, sat- 
ellites will suffer,”he said 

A spokesman for British 
Telecom is more circumspect. 
“We regard satellites and ca- 
bles as complementary, not 
competitive,” he said. Never- 
theless. British Telecom is 
investing heavily _ in inter- 
national fibre-optic cables, 
and has recently been, urging 
Intelsat the international sat- 
ellite consortium, in which it 
is the second-largest share- 
holder. to move cautiously m 
the ordering of new satellites. 

The recent failures of the 
Americans and French TO 
launchsaielliies has raised the 
insurance premiums on new 
satellites to 25 per cent of their 
value and scared off the 
bankers. At the same time, 
rapid advances in fibre-oppes 
have cut thefr 0)51 38(1 un_ 
proved their performance. 

Most telephone users prefer 

By Jonathan Miller 

their to be routed over 
cables. Because satellites orbit 
22,300 miles above the equa- 
tor, it takes about half a 
second for the human voice to 
make the round trip from 
Earth to space and back. This 
produces a lag which makes it 
hard to conduct a spontaneous 
conversation. But today, most 
international calls still move 
by satellite as the cables 
currently in service lack the 
capacity needed. The In- 
troduction of fibre-optics will 
change this. 

The contest between fibre- 
optics and satellites will be 
most closely fought on the 
world's most lucrative tele- 
phone route, between Britain 
and the United States, which 
currently spend two million 
minutes per day talking to 
each other. This traffic is 
growing at an annual rate of 20 

The current mix of satellites 
and conventional rabies pro- 
duces a theoretical capacity of 
about 40.000 telephone cir- 
cuits between Europe and 
.America, which is clearly in- 

So a huge increase in capac- 
ity is planned- In 1988, the 
first transatlantic optical ca- 
ble, TAT-8. will enter service, 
providing 40.000 more cir- 

cuits. In the same year, Intel- 
sat hopes to put up the first of 
a new generation of high- 
performance satellites called 
Intelsat VI, also with a capac- 
ity of 40,000 circuits. 

Tbe demand for higb-capao- 
ity digital links for business 
services, and for international 
transmission of television pro- 
grammes, will use thousands 
of circuits that would other- 
wise be available for 

The real trouble for the 
satellites will probably start in 
1989. when a second fibre- 
optic cable providing 60,000 
circuits, planned by Cable & 
Wireless and the American 
Nynex group, is scheduled to 
enter service. A contract for 
the construction of the cable is 
due to be awarded in London 
later this month, after a bruis- 
ing contest in which STC and 
Japan's Fujitsu have emerged 
as finalists. 

By 1991, the capacity of 
Intelsat VI will be over- 
whelmed by a cable that is still 
more advanced. On October 
13. a meeting will be held in 
Brighton, Sussex ' at which 
British Telecom and tele- 
phone authorities from 
France. Spain. Canada and the 

United States wfl] approve a 
plan to build an 80.000-circuit 
cable called TAT-9 that is 
likely to cost more than £300 

Mr Joel Alper, president of 
the space communications di- 
vision of the Communications 
Satellite Corporation, the 
American company that is the 
hugest shareholder in -Intelsat, 
said that satellites will con- 
tinue to have an advantage 
over cables in certain circum- 
stances. In “pqint-to- 
multipoinf communications, 
such as television distribu- 
tion, satellites provide a 
unique service that cannot be 
economically duplicated by 
cables, he said 

Satellites also are capable of 
producing economical point- 
to-point communications for 
business customers, particu- 
larly companies that exchange 
a lot of digital information 
between sites, -because they 
allow the bypass of expensive 
local telephone networks. 

Rather tellingly, his own 
company has recently re- 
ceived approval from the U.S. 
Federal Communications 
Commission to buy fibre- 
optic cables for resale to its 



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Egypt and 
IMF in 
loan talks 

Cairo (Reuter) — Egyptian 
officials stan talks today with 
an International Monetary 
Fund team, which is in Cairo 
to review economic measures 
and consider a request for a 
standby loan agreement. 

Negotiations with the IMF 
on balance of payments sup- 
port have been going on for IS 

Diplomats say Egypt's loss 
of hard currency earnings 
from falling oil exports has 
added urgency to the talks. It 
expects to lose $1.2- billion 
(£805 million) in oil revenue 
in the present fiscal year. 

The government hopes a 
ban on some imports and 
moves to unify the multiple 
exchange rate system will 
enhance Egypt's position with 
its creditors. 

The prime minister, Mr Aii 
Lotfi. has announced a ban on 
imports of 210 items and a 
new system of graded customs 

Opposition parties have ac- 
cused the government of try- 
ing to raise prices in an 
underhand way. 

The IMF has been pressing 
for radical reforms, including 
removal of food subsidies and 
a sharp increase in interest 
rates, as conditions for 
rescheduling Egypt's $36 bil- 
lion debt and providing new 

The president, Mr Hosni 
Mubarak, has rejected the 
terms, saying they would 
cause unresL 


Burmah prepares for future without oil 

By Carol Ferguson 

One of the many ironies of Burma made transportation of 
Britain's chequered and key importance to the success 
colourful history is that its of Buiimah's operations. By 
first oil company, the Burmah coincidence, a Mr Benz pat- 
Oil Company, gave birth to its ented the world's first petrol 
biggest. British Petroleum. driven car in the same year as 
A Bunnah-financed venture Burmah was founded. Also in 
made the first commercial oil the same year, the world's first 
discovery in Persia, marking oil tanker was launched on 
the beginning of the Middle Tyneside. 

Eastern oil industry in 1908. But it was many years 
The Anglo-Persian Oil Com- before these new-fangled 
pany. now BP, was incor- means of transport readied 
pointed to exploit this find, Burmah's oilfields. Any form 
and 90 per cent of the ordinary of local conveyance suited to 
share capital was provided by the conditions was pressed 

Burmah. . 

But Biirmah's origins go 
back much further — to the 
19th century. The Rangoon 
Oil Company was registered 

into service, including ele- 
phants, camels, mule trains, 
bullock cans, railways and 
river boats. 

It was not until 1899 that 

in Edinburgh in 1871 to take the SS Syriara, Burmah’s first 
over an oil distillery ax tanker, was launched — the 
Dunneedaw on the outskirts forerunner of what became a 

of Rangoon in Burma. 

The company was on the 
brink of collapse when David 

tanker, was launched — the the first to discover evidence 
forerunner of what became a ■ of oil in the North Sea in block 

sizeable fleet It is therefore 
ironic that it was shipping that 
was instrumental in bringing 

48/22. This find was un- 

Sime Cargill, a Glasgow mer- the company to its knees in 
chant, appeared on the scene. 1974. 

He was a shareholder and 
reluctant director of the com- 
pany. Aware of the huge 
demand for lamp oil in India, 
he was convinced the refinery 
could become a success and so 
he bought it, 1 10 years ago in 
1876, for £15.000. 

Ten years later, in a public 
offer for sale as a joint stock 
company, the company was 
reconstituted and registered in 
Scotland as the Burmah Oil 
Company in July 1886. 

The difficult terrain in 

In the early 1970s, at the 
height of the shipping boom, 
Burmah took on several ships 
on long-term charter. By 1974, 
it had a fleet comprising more 
than 40 vessels. When the 
market fell as a result of the oil 
crisis after the Arab-Isradi 
war in 1973, Burmah was 
unable to charter out its ships 
at rates anything mar high 
enough to cover its costs. 

Not only was Burmah the 
first company to discover oil 
in the Middle East, h was also 

commercial, but the company . Dutch/Shell group, 
then went on to find Ninian, When this is sold, Burmah 
one of the biggest oilfields in will have severed its last direct 
the North Sea. involvement with the oil in- 

Burmah occupies a distin- dustry with no intention to 
guished position in the history return in the foreseeable 
of oil exploration. Thus, per- future, 
haps the biggest irony of all is "international exploration - 
that it should finally turn its is an expensive game, and it is 
back on oil exploration in its one for the big players,” says 
centenary year. Mr John Maltby, Burmah's 

This year, it sold the bulk of chairman. "We prefer to do- 
its remaining exploration and vote our resources to busi- 

prpduciion interests to Pre- 
mier Consolidated in ex- 
change for shares in Premier, 
amounting to 25 per cent of. 
the latter. All that remains are 
some oil and gas interests in 

nesses we feel comfortable 
with — those which have a 
good technological and 
marketing fit with our lubri- 
cants and speciality chemicals 

AG A Group 
Interim Report 

Six months ended June 50, 1986 

• AGA’s consolidated income after financial items in the first six 
months of 1986 amounted to SEK 443m. Income after nonrecurring 
items was SEK 665m. 

• During the second half of the year; capital is being released through 
the sale of power assets forSEK 1,500m. 

• The forecast for the full year 1986 indicates income after financial 
items on a level with 1985 earnings, phis nonrecurring income of 
approximately SEK 400m. Adjusted shareholders’ equity will increase 
by slightly more than SEK 1,200m in 1986. 

Group Operations, SEK m 










Gas Operations 





Opera ting income 




Income after financial items 









Opera imp Income 




Income after financial items 




Udd eb olm Tooling/ ASSAB 

Sale* 1.067 1.245 

Operating income 82 117 

Income after financial items 59 88 

{tower Operations* 

Sail** 556 

Ope rating income SO — 

Income after financial Items 41 — 

•V(rtnland»encrKt AB ih.u became awh/illi -onned subudun in September. Win as not 
nmoaihd.ib-H iiithou months report a f l!IS5 but included mreutiueU intheiepon 
oflht' fill) tear. 

JL he AGA Group consolidated sales 
ofSEK4, income after financial 
items of SEK 445m in the first half of 1986, 
compared with sales of SEK 4,506m and 
nmme ofSEK 504m in the first six months of 
N85. Income after nonrecurring items was 
SEK 665m ( 1985: 5Hm). Consolidated net 
income was SEK 546m after preliminary 
calculations of provisions and taxes. 

Income in the first half of I9S6 followed 
the trend indicated in the 1985 Annual Report. 
The weakeningof more than 20 percent in the 
p\chanj3P rate for the U.S. dollar, from SEK 9 to 
close to SEK 7, has a negative effect on 
comparisons with 1965 six month figures. 

AGA has major subsidiaries in both North 
America and South America, where currencies 
are linked to the dollar. At the same lime, 

AGA has sharply increased its investments in 
installations, product development and 
marketing, and this is having an impact on 
income over the short term . 

The forecast for the full year 1986 indicates 
consolidated income after financial items on a 
level with 1985 earnings. Income for the second 
h.ilfof the current year is thus estimated to be 
higher than in the corresponding period a year 

The subsidiary AB Tresor has sold its 
holdings of AGA’s convertible debentures, which 
wore then converted to AGA shares and. at the 
same time, AGA acquired remainingTresor 
shares. This transaction was carried out during 
June and July and at June 50 the Group 
reported a not capital gain cT approximately 
SEK 200m. after dt-duciion of fi naming costs 
related to the first six months of they ear. 

AG A now holds 99 percenl nfTresor’s shares. 

A-GA has reached an agreement in 
principle with a consortium ofinsurance 
companies and pension funds to sell 
hvdrocleciric power facilities producing 1.000 
G Wh in iis subsidiaries l-ddeholms AB and 
Varmlandsonergi AB to a newly formed 
company forapprovimaiely SEK 1.500 m. The 
new com pany will also acquire the In dnoeleciric 
power plants producing 568 G\Vh that 
Uddeholms AB leases from SPP< AMF The 

Rawer Operations will continue to be run by 
Yarmlandsenergi AB. which will purchase 
power from the new company at cosL 
Yarmlandsenergi will be a part-owner or the 
new company, with an option to repurchase 
the facilities. The option cannot be exercised 
before 1998. The transaction is expected to 
improve AGA's income after financial items by 
about SEK 100m on an annual bass. In addition, 
the Group will realize a capital gain of slightly 
more than SEK 2tXlm. 

r r ; i : : 

A he Group invested SEK 615m (1985: 467m) 
in new in siallations in the first half of 1985, 
inciudiogSEK 450m (1985: 59 3m) in Gas 
Operations. The largest ongoing projects invohe 
atmospheric gas plains in Sweden (Oxeloesund), 
West Germany, France and Brazil. The amount 
invested includes acquisition ofa gps distribution 
operation in the United States. Following the 
dose of the period, three additional gas 
distribution companies were purchased in the 
U.S. at a costofapproximately SEK 140m. 

Consolidated liquid assets and short-term 
placements increased SEK 414m. to SEK 
1,955m. External borrowing, excluding 
convertible loans, decreased SEK 54m. to SEK 
3-279m . Adjusted shareholders' equity, including 
minority interests and 50 percent of untaxed 
reserves, amounted at June 50 to SEK 5.655m, 
compared with SEK 4,622m at year-end 1985. 
ThecompletionoftheTresordealand the sale 
of the power generating plants is increasing 
adjusted shareholders' equity by approximatehr 
SEK 200m, following w hich AGA's so livency 
(equity/assets ratio) will be dosed to 45 perrenL 

Oa< Operations were affected adversely 
by the dedining exchange rate for the U-S- 
do liar, as well as by further devaluations in 
Latin America and a recession in Mexico. 
Increased investments in installations, product 
development and marfcetingalso increased 
co>t levels initially. Sales were on a level with 
1985 invoicing, and income after financial items 
was SEK 504m (540). 

X^rigoscandia's sales increased 2 percent, 
adjusted for the sale of the subsidiary Fraktama 
AB in January. Income after financial items, 
amounting to SEK 54m f37). was affected by 
variations In freezer sale* and snmeu ha( lower 

utilization of the cold stores. The freezer 
operations had solid onder bookings and income 
will improve sharply during the second half of 
the year. 

I oo ling/ ASSAB's imo icing dedined 5 
percent, adjusted for the exclusion orUddehoIm 
Stainless Bar AB following the decrease to 
55 percent in AGA's holdingof this company. 
Income after financial items was SEK 59m, 
compared with SEK 77m in 1985, excluding 
Stainless Bar. The weak trend of the market in 
North America, together with the declining 
dollar rate and increasing protectionism, were 
the main reasons for the decline. 

lower Operations had a very good first 
half-year; with income of SEK 41 m after financial 
items. No accurate comparison with the 1985 
period is possible, since Vamilandsenergi AB 
was 50 percent owned at that time and therefore 
not consolidated. The additional income from 
Vann landsenergi during the first half of 1986 
was largely offset by AGA's costs to finance the 

Rarent Company 

Agaab, the Parent Company, reported 
sales ofSEK 515m (505) and 'income, before 
provisions and tax, ofSEK 452m (125), 
Including nonrecurring income of SEK214m 
from the sale of the AGA share warrants 
received from AB Tresor. 

JJuring the first half of the year the 
Parent Company invested SEK 73m (40) in 
new installations. Liquid assets and short-term 
placements rose SEK 1 86m, to SEK 998m, and 
the Company's external borrowing, excluding 
convertible loans, rose SEK 110m, to SEK 
1,538. As a result of the conversion of, primarily; 
the convertible debentures held by AB Tresor, 
there was an in crease in the number of AGA 
AB shares of 7.3 million, to 45,562,5+4 at 
June 50. With the com pletion of the Tresor 
transaction, the number of shares is being 
increased by an additional 1,5 million. The 
rem aining debentu res outsta nding are 
convertible to 0,5 million shares. 

Operating income 
Dividend*, eic. 

Net interest iran-. 

Exchange|uM men to 
Income dflerTuuixu] Kents 
Non recurring Herr v. net 
Income before 
provisions and tax 

Minority In wrest 


Consolidated net income 

Consolidated Balance Sheet, 



Liquid assets and investment. 

Acraunis receivable, trade 

Other current accounts receivable, etc. 


Total current assets 

Lone-term accounts receivablcjHr. 

Land, buildings and machinery 
uid. gjo d-tviJI 
Total feted assets 

Total assets 

liaUilkto and sbarehoMen' equity 
Short -term loans 
Other current Inklings, etc. 

Total Current irabtlttfos 

Lonp-term loans (non-cottierliUe) 
Other jrtngfftrn tiahiltitrv 
Total long-term liabilities 
Convertible loans 
Minorin itnmni 
L'maved reserves 
Share capital 

Lejp) rtsenes.tnd frw reserves 
Coiwtltdaied net income 

Total yharehohitTv' equity 

Total liabilities and thniyhiiMers equity 
Lidm-ur August JS. lOSI? 

Marcus Storch. President 

m i.Qtia 

lb 23 

-49 -193 

-36 ID 

5W 911 

But in the first year of its 
second century, the name “the 
Burmah Oil Company” will 
not be a misnomer entirely. 
Burmah faces a bright new 
future, not as an oil company, 
but using oil as a raw material, 
as a manufacturer and mar- 
keter of lubricants through 
CastroL purchased in 1966, 
and speciality chemicals, 
which has grow 11 mainly by 

from Pertamina. the Indo- 
nesian state oil company, to 
continue using the earners. 

There will in all probability 
be plenty of gas left, tn 

Indonesia; the Indonesians 

will presumably want to sell u 
and the Japanese are likely to 
buy it, and Pertamina should 
use Burmah's ships to carry iL 
If not, it could cost the 
Burmah more than £230 mil- 
lion. it is making provisions in 

acquisition since 1981. lion. It is making provisions m 

T . . . . « the profit and loss account to 

Th e hard work of ^ver this open period. 

Srii* . r\ Jft 

When oil began to rule: an earty tanker, the Castail ofl track 

Pakistan which should be sold 
soon, most probably to its 
50/50 partner there, the Royal 

restructuring the company is 
ail but done. Once it disposes 
of an estimated £40 million 
worth of peripheral business 
which does not fit, and this 
should be completed sooner 
rather than later, Burmah will 
be left with two legacies from 
its past - the ultra-large crude 
carriers (ULCCs), and the 
uncommitted portions of its 
long-term contracts on its 
liquefied natural gas (LNG) 

Both ULCCs are working 
on storage contracts, and have 
been written down to scrap 
value. The ships are now 
nothing more than an un- 
pleasant reminder of less 
happy times. 

The same goes for the LNG 
contracts. Burmah chartered 
eight ships to carry LNG from 
Indonesia to Japan. At the end 
of the life or each charter, 
beginning in 1998, there is a 
five-year period during which 
Burmah does not have a 
corresponding commitment 

Burmah has traditionally 
numbered many private in- 
dividuals among its 
shareholders. It sull has 
68,000 who own more than 2d 
per cent of its shares. What 
can they expect by way of 
profit and dividend, and even 
excitement from their 

The shares are not expen- 
sive. They stand on an above 
average yield of five per cent, 
and a below average multiple 
of 11 times earnings. There 
will be action in the shape of 
more speciality chemicals 

“We won't maintain the 
pace, but there will be more,” 
says Mr Maltby. Certainly he 
has a fat purse and a good- 
sized shopping list 

Burmah is in the process of 

should continue. A share price 
growth of 15 per cent is 
needed to give it a market 
rating, the least that could be 


in profits 

(n its first year of operation, 
in 1886, the Bnnnah Oil 
Company planned to boy 
48.000 barrels of oil in Banna 
from the Twinza-Yoes. 

The Twinza-Yoes, which 
translates as “those who live 
off the wells**, was a group of 
24 families who owned the oil 
fields at Yenangyaung, “the 
creek of the stinking waters'*. , 

Oil wells were digs by ham) j 
to depths of 250 feet and the 
men who worked the wells 
had to stand knee-deep in the 
stinking, hot and poisonous 
liquid. The erode was bailed 
into containers and hauled to 
the surface, usually by teams 
of women. It was then poured 
into locally made earthen- 
ware jars and transported by 
bollock cart to the Irriwaddy 
river. There it was loaded on 
to bamboo rafts which would 
drift the cargo downstream to 

The profitability of oil 
refining in 1886 looked a lot 
more attractive then than it 
does now. Burmah planned to 
pay the Ttrinzas £14*468 far 
the first year's oil supply, 
equivalent to 30p per barrel. 
Transportation was lOp and 
refining was another 31p. The 
selling price was projected at 
92p, giving a handsome sur- 
plus of 21p a barrel, or just 
over £10,000 for the first 
year's profit 

Why things are worse 
than they look in UK 

AGA AB5-J6I8I, Lidmgpe, Sweden 

Seldom had a West German 
central bank council's meet- 
ing been so eagerly awaited. 
Press coverage of the state of 
the German economy mush- 
roomed and economists, long 
used to the intricacies of the 
US Federal Reserve system, 
struggled with their inad- 
equate or, even, non-existent 
German. The gilt-edged mar- 
ket has clutched at straws 
before but these have never 
been Teutonic ones. 

A week before, it had been 
American interest rates that 
had captured the headlines. 
The US authorities reacted to 
more news of a weak econ- 
omy in the only way open to 
them — but with surprising 
speed — by trimming the 
discount rate by half a point. 

Relatively firm sterling and 
oil prices lea to some revving 
of engines in the money 
markets, bnt the Bank of 
England made it clear that the 
lights would stay at red for 
the time being. “ No cut in 
base rates yet" has become 
the familiar refrain from the 
Bank over the period tra- 
ditionally called summer. 

In the event last 
Thursday’s German central 
bank meeting resulted in the 
usual terse message — "credit 
policies unchanged” — leav- 
ing the markets with a further 
two weeks to speculate on 
German policy and to make 
sure that they knew the 
difference between the Lom- 
bard rate and the discount 

The German central bank 
no doubt feds aggrieved at 
the attention it is receiving 
and the pressure under which 
it is being put. Domestic 
economic considerations 
really do not point to a 
further cut in rates. The 
economy is picking up nicely 
and monetary growth — still 
taken extremely seriously in 
Frankfurt — is above target. 
Inflation may be in negative 
territory, but wage settle- 
ments are uncomfortably 

The pressure is largely 
political and largely Ameri- 
can. It stems in pan from the 
wish to see an import-inten- 
sive locomotive, but it also 
stems from annoyance that 
the Germans appear unwill- 
ing to lead international ef- 
forts to rectify global 

A German discount rate 
cut is likely this month in 
response to further upward 
pressure on the currency, 
notably within the European 
Monetary System. There 
have also been signs that 
monetary policy is last 
becoming a domestic politi- 
cal issue and the Ge rman 
central bank, unwilling to be 
caught in electoral crossfire, 
will wish to defuse any na- 
scent controversy. 

Another American cut is 
possible next month too, 
should the August figures due 

TODAY - Interims: Abbey 
Panels Investments. Acorn 
Computer Group, Church & 
Co. A Jones and Sons, 
Macfariane Group, Clansmen. 
Finals: Clogau Gold Mines, 
Flogas, Thermax Holdings. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
James Beattie. Brammer, Ev- 
ans Hals haw, Exco Inter- 
national. Hyman. IM1, 
Norank Systems. Sharpe & 
Fisher, Stai-Plus Group, 
Western Motor Holdings, 
Wickes. Finals: Clarke 
Hooper Consulting Group, 
Minerals Oil and Resources 
Shares Fund, Palmerston 
Investment Trust. 

shortly confirm that the US 
economy remains flat (as we 
think they will). The Fed. 
increasingly apprehensive — 
even panicky — about the 
health of the economy and 
domestic bonking system, is 
unlikely to hesitate to make 
another cut, especially ahead 
of the annual IMF 

But even if the Germans do 
cut the Bank of England is 
unlikely to show immediate 
enthusiasm — as many are at 
present hoping — for 
participating in this trend to 
lower world rates. 

Lower world rates have 
helped — and will help — to 
make lower domestic rates 
possible, but the Govern- 
ment will choose the time — 
and this lime may be further 
away than many think. 

Why is the scope so limited 
when on any basis — historic, 
real, comparative — interest 
rales are so high? The answer 
is that British economy has 
not solved the problems 
which have for some time 
made it unique. Indeed, at 
the moment appearances are 
deceptive - things are worse 
than they look. 

Inflation is at its lowest 
level since 1967 and the July 
figures showed an un- 
expected foil to below 2!£ per 
cent, but earnings growth has 
stayed at 7 % per cent and 
seems unlikely to foil appre- 
ciably over the next 12 

Inflation may be low, but 
this is the product of 
favourable, one-ofT in- 
fluences. The underlying rate, 
in fact, is about 2 per cent 

Moreover, the exchange 
rate — an essential ingredient 
in the past of the Chancellor's 
counter-inflation strategy — is 
looking pretty sickly at the 
moment, despite the rebound 
of oil prices towards $15 a 
barrel and the receding of the 
political anxieties which 
moved centre stage in July. 
Given this, to reduce the 
currency’s interest rate back- 
ing is a step that the Govern- 
ment may not wish to risk at 

Monetary growth — in 
terms of £M3 — has eased 
back from the average 
monthly increase of 2!6 per 
cent recorded over the 
M arch-June period. In July it 
rose by a meagure 0.1 percent 
and in August (figures for 
which are out on September 
9) we expect a rise of % per 
cenL But again the under- 
lying trend is worse than the 
recorded figures. 

The average monthly in- 
crease in bank lending over 
the past three months has 
been £2.3 billion — 60 per 
cent higher than the average 
over the same period last 
year. The personal sector’s 
appetite for credit appears 
insatiable, although all parts 
of the economy — from 
agriculture to services - wish 

to borrow heavily at the 

Monetary growth has 
slowed because the Bank of 
England has again 
overfunded — sold debt in 
excess of the public sector 
borrowing requirement But 
this can only be a temporary 
expedient and the official aim 
is to just fund the PSBR over 
the year as a whole — “no 
more, no less,” said Mr Nigel 
Lawson at Mansion House 
last autumn. When 
overfunding ends, monetary 
growth will pick up again. 

This funding policy has 
obscured one of the pieces of 
good news over the past few 
months — the low PSBR 
figures. The July figures were 
typical A repayment of £226 
million was recorded when 
the market was expecting 
borrowing of up to £500 

Lower oil revenues will 
make the 1986-87 second- 
half PSBR much higher than 
usual but, even so. an oil 
price well below the 
Chancellor's assumption of 
$ 1 5 a barrel is now unlikely to 
raise fears of an overshoot 

Overfunding is taking 
place now because the 
authorities will wish to avoid 
putting pressure on the mar- 
ket later in the financial year. 
A light touch will be needed 
during the British Gas sale 
and in the early new year tax- 
gathering season. 

Overfunding now means 
underfunding later. 

The significance of the 
British Gas sale should not be 
understated. The revenue it 
will raise this year is crucial to 
keep the expenditure plans 
on track, which in turn are 
required if income tax is to be 
cut substantially in the next 
Budget Beyond that, the 
authorities wish to raise a 
further £5 billion in asset 
sales next year and — election 
allowing — the year after that 
They cannot afford another 
Briloil-style flop if the band- 
wagon is to be kept rolling. 

Dsspite the growing inter- 
national perspective being 
adopted by the gilt-edged 
market, it would be unwise to 
lose sight of the domestic 

Base rates can come down 
in coming months — though 
neither as soon nor as 
substantially as the optimists 
would have it — and there 
should be a sunny break in 
the funding clouds as well. 

Despite this, the recent 
market highs notched up in 
April are unlikely to be 
challenged, especially if the 
forecast sunny spell is largely 
ignored by investors peering 
at the election storm-clouds 
which are still on the horizon 
— but heading this way. 

Ian Harwood and 
John Shepperd 

The authors are econo- 
mists at stockbroker Rowe 
& Pitman, Mullens A Co. 


WEDNESDAY - interims: 

Cement-Roadstone Holdings, 
Combined Leasing Finance, 
James Fisher and Sons. 
Guardian Royal Ex change 
Instem. Lambert Ffowanh, 
Metal Closures Group, James 
Neill. P&O. H and J Quick 
Group, Sound Diffusion. Steel 
Burrifl Jones, Sun Alliance 
and London Insurance, Wales 
City of London Properties, 
Wilson (Connolly) Holdings, 
MBIA. Consolidated Copper 
Mines (quarterly). Finals: 
Caledonian Offshore. 
THURSDAY - Interims: An- 
glo American Gold Invest- 
ment Co. Babcock 
InternatioanL RunzL Cadbury 

Schweppes, Collins (William), 
Kleinwort Smaller 

Companies' Investment 
Trust Unread, MacLcUan 
(P&W), Pentos. Petranol. Por- 
tals Holdings. Finals: Bracken 
Mines, Industrial Finance and 
Investment Corporation. Kin- 
ross Mines, Leslie Gold 
Mines. Owen and Robinson. 
Unisel Gold Mines. 
Winkelhaak Mines. 

FRIDAY — Interims: Derek 
Crouch, Elys (Wimbledon). 
Gibbs _ and Dandy, Home 
Counties Newspapers Hold- 
ings. Oilfield Inspection Ser- 
vices. Finals: Framlington 
Group, Magnet Materials 
Group, Second Alliance Trust. 

I ! an >ilit, 


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' • ■'‘ ,, Ii*i? ii.’ 

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• •'• J ^ty. ' 


n US 

1 .'T': ' 

a # Cusm review") 

Americans go on show to 
British investment 

City that Amen can shares 

u “ l . ^ntencan shares on nfSH? *°5 0rpor ? led _ w as one incorporated in an increasing leaving the shares on a 

the unlisted securities are and h SIS® 016 * mv °^X ed range of products. prospective price/eamings ra- 

unpopular with investors. nmvi!»« - 011 a ia£m 8 Tne outlook for the coming tio of 13.5 times. 

* f , t 2 ectl0ns 10 buying these wfflin year is a continued smn» Borland is a new member of 

S"“« | wre«B1lftri5 SSSnfe PT5™ ance - "nUp* * the USM SriTSrftte 
JSf\i? mpames operating in basedfo il^hJfKL 1 * 11 K ' D ^ w ' ^ company’s broter, hugest independent publishers 
the US are too for awayto be Th- Un ncd ? utcs - estimates that pretax profits of micnxomputer software in 

adequately followed - h “ for 198647 will rise to $2.9 foe SS± ftSShSS 

»t is St, are SSTrJJS icfe*** t0 519 educational to busmcS 

exploiting London investors profit IK, f£S?JSR ,9 £^ u , ■ applications, thus cushioning 

by raising money more mHUon f- 51 ? 9 Eanungs per share for next the company from changesin 

cheaply than foey couW at ST (£ i f # on)ml,ie W* should reach feshion T any o®T2f its 

home. J 1 JSLSiHF- J lu *. "■* ^ ^ ieavin S the price earn- products. * 

mJSJff,*'*** oiljAD& 4 premium radng „ 

foadSS? K. 0 ^ 011 dttrins ul SSrsSffiKS 

ratings on which US cnml prinapally manufactures would do well to consider two * n hforeh. 

parties Slt te aoa^d ^ S3 materials afoc seleoide others also hi foTdSS wth S8 - 7 

declined. *“ ^ a °d qnc sulphide, whidi are sector -Infrared and Borland 

To overcome optical de- International. Earnings per share on this 

"mpuSTtaE SS _ Inflared tefe* and manu- basis should be lOJp, giving. 

Visits for anaJvsts to SS rfJJfJ ,rodu ? s m ^ M &ctures “fta-red detectors, pnwiwctrve jmce eanungs ra- 
number of USM comrcmies fipM?^f»u. and co “ me . rciaJ ^ a leading position in foe a 

based on tire BatSS^ S fc2f SSK!*,!™ 15 commercial market and it which is too modest 

^L zed ^dJT 1 t se M „ I^be] Unsworth 

ConAerfotfoT^ lm T “ d - d£mmd “”Mucs ^rkel esrimaies suggest The author is a member of 

analysts and fund a ?«^ ers - m Pa^cular and pretax profits of Si milUonfor the smaller companies 

analysts and fond managers, electro-optics in general are the year to next February, unit at Phillips & Drew. 

A 1.5 million share issue in a 
CanSlSmillion (£7.1 million) 
deal with a financial group 
brings the total new working 
capital raised by Renaissance, 
foe Toronto-listed oil and gas 
producer, to Can$40 million 
during the last four months. 

HOLDINGS: Results for foe 
year to June 30 include a final 
dividend of Aus4.0 cents (same) 
making Aus6.0 cents (same). 
Net profit was down to 
A us$9. 36 million or £3.8 mil- 
lion against Aus$25.33 million 
on sales up at AusS881.36 
million f A usS 834.20 million). 

• LDH GROUP: A dividend of 
O.S5p (0.35p)has been declared 
for foe year to May 31. With 
figures in £000s, turnover rose 
to 7. 124 (5,8 1 7), pretax profit to 
440 (237) and earnings per share 
to 3.84p (2.02p). 

• HASBRO: Hasbro-Bradley 
UK. a subsidiary of Hasbro Inc, 
foe US toy company, has ac- 
quired worldwide rights to the 
Sindy range of dolls from foe 
Pedigree consortium, which It- 
self acquired foe rights from 
Tam wade earlier this year. 


HOLDINGS: Results for the 
half year to March 31 show 
turnover down to £244.928 
(£313.620) and gross profit to 
£67.014 (£72,6981 Pretax profit 
slipped to£32,591 (£39,635) and 
earnings per share were down to 
034p (0.4 Ip). 

• ROBERT MOSS: Following 
foe recent acquisition of Robert 
Moss by Bunzl, to join its 
industrial division, Peter Gel! 
becomes chairman of Robert 
Moss, while David Harris has 
been appointed managing direc- 


The company is missing the 
dividend for the six months to 
March 31. Turnover slipped to 
£436,593 (£562,117), gross’ 
profit to £186,050, profit after 
tax to £67,437 (£156,419) and 
earnings per share to 0.45p 
(1.1 IP). * 

• ASEA: Svenskt Staal has 
reached an agreement m prin- 
ciple to acquire Surahammars 
Bruks, foe electrical steel manu- 
facturer with annual sales of 
about SKr 500 million (£48.1 
million), from Asea. 

For the year ended March 29. 
with figures in £000. no final 
dividend (3-5p) making 8p (6p), 
turnover 20,397 (15,886), gross 

(620), earnings per share 52. Ip 
(33.9p). fully diluted earnings 
per share 49. 3 p. The recom- 
mended offer for Dixons by A 
and J Grifer became uncondi- 
tional on May 6and on June 25. 
Gelfer was the subject of a 
recommended offer by John 
Crowiher Group which became 
unconditional on July 31 and is 
now part of the Crowther Cloth- 
ing Division. 

pany has paid SinS 1 0,789,000 
(or SinS 1.756 per share) for 
6,150,000 shares in National 
Discount Company. The 
authorised capital of National 
Discount has been increased 
from Sin$20 T 000,000 to 
SinS 50.000,000 and the issued 
and paid-up capital from 
SinS 127000.000 


TRUSTrA fourth interim divi- 
dend of 2.5p per share was 
declared today for the year 
ending August 31, it will be paid 
on October 15. 

company will be paying a divi- 
dend of 30p (23p) on October 9 
for foe year to March 31. There 
is also a proposed 1 -for 1 
capitalisation issue. With fig- 
ures in £000, turnover 5.576 
(4.880). pretax profit 507 (325). 
tax 199 (109). earnings per share 
98_5p (65.6p). 

The company win be paying a 
final dividend of 
0.25p(0^5p)for foe year ending 
March 31 on November 
21. Turnover was £3,189,003 
(£4.234,650), loss before tax 
£68,174 (£100.129 profit) tax 
£27,403 (£37,800), loss after tax 
£40.771 (£62329 profit), loss 
per 5p share 1.08p (IJSOp 
profit). The board has actively 
been looking at a number of 
acquisitions during foe year 
with a view to diversifying its 
operating base. 


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delay on 

By Anne Warden 

Treasury policies may be 
hampering Britain's bid for 
what could be the first EEC 
institution with headquarters 
■ here, according to a researcher 
studying the financial implica- 
tions ofihe campaign. 

Dr Carol Cosgrove, who is 
examining rival bids from 
London, Strasbourg. Munich 
and The Hague, which aQ 
hope to become the base for 
the proposed European 
Community Trademark Of- 
fice, aid at the weekend: “The 
critical question is not know- 
ing how much the Govern- 
ment is going to put on the 

So far London's proposal 
has been considered the 
frontrunner. It is due to be put 
to the European Commission 
by September 30. Mr Geoffrey 
Patti e. Minister of State for 
Industry and Information 
Technology, last week met foe 
developers of the four London 
sites which the Government is 

It is thought foal the issue 
may go as high as foe Cabinet 
for consideration. 

Dr Cosgrove said that the 
West German government 
and foe state of Bavaria 
backing foe Munich bid, for 
example, were offering in- 
centives such as free tana 

Suggestions for British mea- 
sures had included Crown 
lease or Property Services 
Agency involvement. Dr Cos- 
grove said, but added: “We do 
not know what foe Treasury is 
going to do.** 

The four sites are St 
Katharine's Dock, east Lon- 
don (developer St Katharine's 
by foe Tower); Harrow, 
Middlesex, (Harrow borough 
council and County and Dis- 
trict Properties); Croydon 
(Croydon borough council), 
and Cockspur Street, central 
London (Speyhawk). 

Hie Department of Trade 
and Industry has said that a 
decision is likely to be made 
this week but would probably 
not be disclosed until the end 
of September. 

Indonesia buys 
US aircraft 
in £227m deal 

Jakarta (AP-Dow Jones) — 
The Indonesian government 
has signed an agreement to 
buy 12 advanced F-16 fighter 
aircraft for S337 million 
(£227.7 million) from General 
Dynamics of the United Staes, 
General Benny Murdani, foe 
Indonesian armed forces com- 
mander, saidl 

The agreement ended a 
fierce competition between 
General; Dynamics and the 
makers of the French Mirage 
2000 fighter. 


Jobless: the wonder 
cure that isn’t 

Would cutting the retirement age of 
men to 60, as a measure to bring 
equality between the sexes, be an 
economical way of cutting unemploy- 
ment? Some readers pressed this 
argument in response to suggestions 
in this column two weeks ago that a 
crash programme of successive short- 
term measures, limited in both time 
and cash, might break the logjam 
between high unemployment, high 
taxes and low growth. 

Changing retirement ages would 
hardly rail into that category. It would 
involve long-term and largely ir- 
reversible costs, both to the economy 
as a whole and to the state — and 
hence to the proportion of output 
-diverted through taxation. 

This is precisely the sort of change 
that has to be thought through and 
measured with extreme care to guage 
its long-term consequences. 

Beth Hammond and Nick Morris, 
of the Institute of Fiscal Studies, 
report the results of such a study in the 
latest issue of Fiscal Studies. Their 
object was to estimate the tax costs of 
equalizing the retirement ages of men 
and women. It was not, they discov- 
ered, an easy task. 

Achieving equality by allowing men 
full social security pensions at 60 is 
the only case likely to cut the dole 
queues. Even then, allowing for 
existing unemployment, long-term 
sickness, unmeasured part-time work- 
ing and self-employment, the num- 
bers going out of work could easily be 
as low as 500,000. The IFS study 
estimates die gross cost to the 
Exchequer, with many caveats, at 
between £4.5 billion and £6 billion a 

The net fiscal cost depends crucially 
on exactly how many of the jobs 
vacated by those who retire are filled, 
at the end of the chain, by those 
presently on the unemployment reg- 
ister. There is little reason to expect 
one-for-one replacement, unless you 
think that employers regard people as 

The general conclusion of the IFS 
study is that “equalizing the .pension . 
age at 60, even with generous assump- 
tions about the savings from replaced 
jobs, is expensive in terms of addi- 
tional benefits and forgone taxes.” 
Assuming 50 per cent replacement 
gives an annual net cost of about £1.6 
billion, implying a cost of more than 
£6,000 per job per year. If the 
unemployed replaced three quarters 
of those who retired early, however, 
the net tax cost might be nothing at afi. 
That might encourage modest experi- 
ments on other grounds, but hardly 
seems a wonder cure for unemploy- 

- -The cost ^to -the state d only -one 
consideration. It can be aigued, for 

instance, that reducing the supply of 
labour achieves nothing, since the 
present level of unemployment is the 
lowest compatible with low inflation 
and, if ii were not. it would be better to 
- raise demand to cut the dole queues. 
This may not be realistic when wages 
are rising so fast despite record 
unemployment It is certainly true, 
however, that reducing the numbers 
wanting work in this way is a second- 
best solution to unemployment 

Even in the most favourable IFS 
case, there is little scope for the tax 
burden to fall, encouraging growth to 
accelerate the flow of new jobs. The 
logjam is still there. All that would 
have happened is that one group of 
poor people depending on income 
raised through taxation would have 
been replaced by another. Older 
people might think it better to give up 
theirjobs tor the young, but there is no 
obvious benefit to overall output — 
the central economic problem of 

Traditionally, a higher proportion 
of people have worked in Britain than 
elsewhere. As recently as 1970, only 
four of the 24 industrial countries in 
the Organization for Economic Co- 
operation and Development had a 
higher proportion of their 15 to 64 
year olds in employment than Britain: 
Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden and 
(marginally) Japan. By 1984 a third of 
the total had more in work. 

There is no virtue in needing more 
people to be in work to produce the 
same total output, just as there is, in 
principle, nothing harmful about rel- 
atively fewer people of working age 
producing the goods to be consumed 
by more long-lived retired people. 

The crucial question is how the 
fruits of employment (as well as the 
burdens of unemployment) are 
distributed. It is one thing for the 
high-earning employed to support 
husbands, wives, parents or children. 
The burden is maximized when those 
who do not work depend on the state, 
requiring high marginal rates of 
taxation. That tends to sap incentives 
and economic growth just as the 
family — the direct alternative to 
taxation — provides sometimes un- 
comfortable incentives to earn more. 

The accumulation of high personal 
savings directly in the hands of older 
people can provide a painless path to 
earlier retirement by choice. Rel- 
atively few have yet attained that But 
as the Scandinavian countries have 
discovered, • the trend away from 
extended families to nuclear families 
to individualism, requires more 
rather than fewer-people to be in paid 
work. Unless -that is reversed, cutting 
the labour force means high taxation. 

Graham Searjeant 



NYofk 18740-1.4885 
McmreU 28603-28727 


Bnosak 6257-62J0 
CptaBfi 11.4558-11X842 
DubM 1.1015-1.1060 
Lisbon 215.05-21782 

Madrid 198.68-199.31 
Mian 2087.05-2097.15 
Oaio 108263-108958 
Parts 98098-09507 
Sfkhfen 102263-102625 
Tokyo 229.74-231.03 
Vienna 21.27-21.39 
ZlriCh 2.4402-2.4507 

















Staling inda compmd nfth 

3 months 
par-1 Bate 
3-24 prem 
24 £-21% poem 

1 975 «m up at Til (day's mga 712-Yl.l). 



IK-1 ’Apron 







2 -Ms 




1 -Xprain 





Argentina austral" 
AuEtratadolar — 

Bahrain dinar 

Brazl cruzado* 

, 1X846-18002 Ireland 

Cvorus pound 
finbmd marks _ 

Greece drachma. 
Hong Kong cWtar 

Inda rupee 

Iraq efinar 

Kuwart dinar KO . 
Malaysia doBar _ 

Mexico peso. 


20.47-2060 Australia 

_ 0.7280-0.7380 Canada . 
— 72650-78050 Sweden 
_ 19615-200.15 Nwwa j. 
11X037-11.6131 Denmark. 

, 2.1520-2.1550 

18X0-1880 West Germany 
. n]a Switzerland 

0X3060X340 Netherlands . 
38612-38683 France 

103086108080 Japan. 

New Zealand dollar 38404-3.0551 

Saucfl Arabia rival 58235-58635 

Singapore doiar 3.1995-3.1963 Hoiig Kong . 


BetgkmUCofnm) . 

South Africa rand 

3.7832-38052 Portugal . 
5.4075-5X475 Spain - 
Austria . 

Rates aappBed by Barclays I 


. 6890668950 
, 7.70567.7100 
_ 4288-42.13 


Base Rales % 

Creating Banks 10 
'France House 10 


1014 Low 8 

T r ees ra y Bis (Discount %) 
Buying SsUina 

2 mrrtn 9«s 2rmA 9* 

3.ran#i9}&_. . _3 run® 9% 

7 days 5“ift5% 
3mnfh 5*i 

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1 mrnh 2mmh 9%-9 »m> 

3mnth 9>»-9fc Bmnth 9X-9*» 

Trade B8ta (Discount %) 

Imntfi 10’ia 2mrth 1014 

3mmh 10'ia Bmctth 9% 


can 614-514 
1 mirth 5 l3 ta-"ia 
Bmnth 5 ,, <a-5 g w 
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1 mnth 4’w4ftu 
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can 2 K- 1 K 
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1 mnth 5 a ur5 , ia 
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7 days 4*w4’is 
3 mnth 4'n-4»u 
French Franc 
7 days 7S-7 
3 mnth 7*4-754 
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7 days 3-2* 

3 mnth dn4^a 

7 days 514-5* 

3 mnth 45V-4* 



Overnight: open 10* dose 9 
1 week 10V10 Emntti 9"»-9B» 

1 mnth 10 ' id-10 9 ninth B"i*-9% 

3mreh 9*«ra5i 12 rmh 9“«0* 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10 7 days 10 

1 mnth 9% 3 moth &£ 

Bmnth 9* w 12mth9*- 

Krugerrand* (par coinV: 

S 3648638580 (E258X5-2592S) 

. 00 ) 


Local Authority Bonds pfc) 

1 10K-10 

1 mnth 
3 mnth 10*-9* 
9 mnth 954-9* 

1 mnth 10’i 
6 mnth 9 m j»- 9 ,j 32 


Smith 6.70-585 

2 mnth 1054-954 
6 mnth 9V4-9* 
12mth 9* 9% 

3mrilh 9«if-9"iB 

3 mnth 5765.65 
12mth 5.765X5 

: E430.1M aitotoctrtOOM 

:£87865*» received: 18* 

Las week: £97.69* received: £88* 
Avge rate: £9X369* last wk 53X347% 
Next weak: E100M . reptacoEtOOM 


-Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rale tor 
interest period July 7. 1986 to 
jst 5. 1988 aidusive: 10.009 per 

( bc a y o a M ft Mrflwrfmrtr MBa) 

DK 1587 

Bonawitiers are nrtrfled that copes of 
the accoimts of Charter ConsoMated 
Overseas N v. tor the year ended 31st 
March. 1988 may be obtained without 
chaye from the offices ofc 

Charier Consofidsted Pi-C. 

40 Hobom Vredud. 

London EC1P 1AJ. 

llcg atei e d Wfice: 

Fmkstraai 6, 

Wllemstaad, Curacao, 

HeThniinnrli AntHes 
1st Sep t e mber . 1966. 





A (bra & Conqnny. 


Offlank Sawiost- 
CorsoSdated Crds- 
Contmmtal Trust— 
CtHverdM BmK„ 

a Hoar? & Co— 

Iking Kong & Shanghai. 
Lloyds Baik.. 

Nat W est min ster 

Royal Bank of Scotland- 

Cfflarft NA 

t Mortgage Base Sate. 

. 10 . 00 * 

. 10 . 00 * 

. 10 . 00 * 



. 10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 * 


. 10 . 00 * 


. 1000 % 


. 10 . 00 * 



Monday 1st September 
Alexanders Laing & Cruickshank 
Gilt Sales team 
have changed their address to 

65 Comhill 
London EC3V3PP 
Tel: 01-283 3030 
Telex: 264037 ALCLTD G 

Alexanders Leung 

&Qiticksnank Gilts Ltd 

M * MI 0 T4 HCBBOf 1 

Mrmwnw 1 huse Group 







Prom your portfolio cart check your 
eight share price movements. Add Uwm 
up 10 give you your overall wttL Check 
' is against the daily dividend figure 
Wished on ihis page. If it niches yon 
outright or a share of the total 

Winner follow the claim procedure onthe 
back of your cart. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stwk quoted) cu.»fi«t w ■>? 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings begin today. Dealings end September 12. §Contango day September 15. Settlement day Sep 

§Forwaid bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

— S old — 

© TnBdiN«"*WP« LteUWd 


£ 12,000 

Gaims required for 
+41 points 

Claimants shonld ring 0254-53272 

| jrirTW'ETa 


i i>„ I'l-t+ F-^ng i 

gH ^aaJESZBiEiirT^^a l 




I IE ■ — ■ ■■ 


Bilion (Pt 

Ai Unite Rcaourca 


2 E 

Please be sure to lake account of 
any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
Saturday's newsnaper. 

1715M PtOWMOI 

i7.0m Has Ba 

+10 185 AS 122 

-2 08 1JJ14 + 

489.7m HoMKrUdU Ifld 130 7.1 S3 IU 

073 7m Ron 8flh « Seat 342 +11 IM U U 

1880m Scmam I8H *'* 182 29 117 

1.103.7m Stva CRM 70S .. 464 £5 87 

B* 1m (Men 878 0+Jfi KLB 73 878 

1541.8m Wan Fayo £77'. +Z'a .. .. 

22.4m HUM 288 0-10 7.7 29 129 



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31 172 


26 136 


33 886 


25 115 




46 93 


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36 224 


3.7 191 



42 2*6 
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32 136 


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52 000 Anan .90 -4 

27« 56 58 
600 S3 90 

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1 52* 0C0 Aum Foot if 
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591 2m BCC 
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Financial trusts are on Page 19 





113 1 
























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• Ex dh*J«nd a Ex aN b Forecast uMdene * Interim 
payment .passed I Ppca a suspension g Diwtetrt and 

Farnborough International 
86 opens at a difficult rime for 
the world aerospace industry. 
Military budgets are being 
i rimmed and lhe airlines are 
going through hard times. 
Nonetheless th» chrm.v 

(SBAC). confidently predicts 
that over the next 10 years 
world sales will total £450 

There is certainly no lack of 
manufacturers beating a path 
to Fa m borough. According to 
the SBAC. a record 600 com- 
oanies. from as far avnu m 

Brazil and China, will be 
exhibiting over the next seven 
days (the show closes on 
Sunday. September 7). This 
compares with 530 at the last 
Farn borough show in 1984. 

A further 200 companies 
had to be turned away this 
year for lack of space. This was 
in spite of the feet that the 
SBAC has built a fourth 
exhibition hall since the last 
show to give a total of 42.702 
square metres of display 
space. It has also added 22 
company hospitality chalets t© 
make a total of 300. and has 
invested a further £1 million 
in services on the site. 

Farn bo rough is a manu- 
facturers' showcase and. as 
usual, industry trends will be 
apparent from a tour of the 
company stands and aircraft 

The three major Western 
aero-engine companies, Rolls- 
Royce. General Electric and 
Pratt and Whitney, will be 
displaying their latest thinking 
on the unducted fan. This is 
an engine for 1 50-seat airliners 
in which a jet drives an 
propeller to offer, the makers 
claim, reductions in operating 
costs of up to 40 percent. 

But the great debate behind 
the scenes at the show will be 
over whether the considerable 
investment required to perfect 
this development is worth iL 
Will unducted fans be too 

maiyiwjtt, BJtU lltC 1JI5I 

chairman of the British-US- 
West German-Italian-Japan- 
ese International Aero 
Engines consortium. 

Developments in carbon 
fibres and other composite 
materials as a replacement for 
the traditional aviation metals 

..tin <■ i .i 

show. Composite materials 
are already included in .the 
latest aircraft designs in both 
the civil and military sector, 
holding out the promise of 
lighter weight. 

Aviation electronics (avion- 
ics) offer a similar promise of 
reduced costs, plus more ef- 
ficient and safer flying. The 

Farn borough Air 
Show, where the 
world's aerospace 
industry opens its 
shop window, begins 
today. This seven- 
page report examines 
its prospects 

galloping pace of microchip 
development is resulting in 
new aircraft being largely 
computer-controlled. Flight 
information is conveyed to 
the pilots in full colour on 
cathode ray screens, rather 
than on electro-mechanical 

And pilots are increasingly 
becoming cockpit managers, 
overseeing these advanced 
systems, which virtually do 
away with the need to be the 
“seat-of-the-pams” fliers of 

Encapsulating most of the 
new developments to be 

daily performances by the two 
aircraft in the flying display 
win be an excellent opportu- 
nity for professional observers 
to assess their potential. 

The SBAC estimates there 
will be up to 50,000 invited 
visitors, ranging from govern- 
ment ministers to defence 
chiefs, from airline presidents 
to civil-aviation admin- 
istrators. at the show during 
the trade days, which run until 

The final three days — 
Friday. Saturday and Sunday, 
are open days when up to 
250.000 members of the pub- 
lic come in and help the show 
to break even financially with 
their entrance fees. 

Few sales of new aircraft or 
equipment will be made at the 
show. Rather, the groundwork 
will be laid for future deals, 
both sales and partnerships — 
few manufacturers can afford 
to bear the growing costs of 
research, development and 
production o.n their own these 
days. 1 

And when the show finishes 
and the exhibitors say their 
farewells until they meet at the 
next big air show, at Paris next 
summer, the SBAC will add , 
up the cost, and begin at once ; 
to prepare for the next 
Farnborough show, in 
September 1988. 

Arthur Reed 

Ralph Robins , managing 
director of Rolb-Royce and 
president of the Society of 
British Aerospace Companies 

Why Britain stays in the top three 

Despite considerable rational- 
ization since lhe last 
Farnborough show two years 
ago. the British aerospace 
industry is still the world's 
third lamest — behind the US 
and the Soviet Union. 

Its three main aircraft-mak- 
ing companies, one engine 
company, and 300 companies 
producing a wide range of 
aviation equipment from riv- 
ets and microchips to para- 
chutes. employ 200,000 and 
produce more than one per 
cent of Britain's gross domes- 
tic product. 

In the past 10 years the 
industry has exported £25 
billion worth of aerospace 
goods, and contributed £7 
billion to Britain's balance of 

Employment in the industry 
does not follow the usual 
British geographical pattern, 
with most factories in the 
north of the country heavily 
loaded with work. British 
Aerospace (BAe) recently an- 
nounced that it is to close its 
engineering and manufac- 

turing facility ai Weybridge, 
Surrey, with the loss of 2^00 

Aerospace still suffers from 
too many uneconomic sites 
dispersed around the country. 
— the result of the mergers of 
many small manufacturing 
companies during the 1960s 
and 1970s. Rationalization is 
therefore likely to continue. 

are few truly all-British air- 
craft projects. Virtually every 
company in the industry has 
some son of overseas partner- 
ship to help share the financial 
load and — it is hoped — to 
increase sales. 

In the military sector, BAe 
has collaborated with com- 
panies in Britain, West Ger- 
many and Italy to produce the 

The industry is investing heavily to 
upgrade plants and methods of work 

The industry continues to 
invest heavily to upgrade its 
plants and methods of work. 
Computer-aided design is now 
common. Numerically-con- 
trolled tools cut much of the 
metal, robots are fetching and 
carrying parts in some fac- 
tories, and the industry is at 
the forefront of development 
in composite materials and in 
the super-plastic forming of 

Today the high cost of 
design, research, development 
and production, means there 

Experimental Aircraft Pro- 
gramme (EAP) fighter, or 
Eurofighter, which will be 
jointly developed by these 
countries and Spain. 

Organization of the Euro- 
fighter programme will be 
based on the experience 
gained from the British-Ger- 
man-Italian programme for 
the Tornado bomber. Almost 
800 have now been produced 
for the air forces of the partner 
countries, and there have been 
recent sales to the Royal Saudi 
Air Force. 

The Harrier vertical take-off 
fighter and the Hawk jet 
trainer, both original British 
designs, are being developed 
further in joint programmes 
between BAe and McDonnell 
Douglas of America. A severe 
blow to the development of 
the Hawk was the crash, 
shortly before the Fam- 
borough show, of the series 
200 single-seat fighter version. 
But the programme is to 
continue and BAe plans to 
have a replacement prototype 
flying at Farnborough 1988. 

* Britain's airborne early 
warning programme, based on 
the BAe Nimrod, is being re- 
drawn after the development 
of its radars and computers 
had badly overrun time and 
cost estimates. Several over- 
seas companies are now bid- 
ding to take over all or part of 
the programme, and this could 
result in another aerospace 
pannership between British 
and overseas companies. 

Short Brothers, the Belfast 
aerospace company, which 

has long done manufacturing 
work for aerospace companies 
in Europe and America, is 
making the Brazilian Tucano 
jet-prop trainer under licence 
for the Royal Air Force. 

Westland Helicopters has 
its well-publicized link with 
American helicopter company 
Sikorsky, and it may not be 
long before parts of Sikorsky 
machines are made at Yeovil. 
At the same time. Westland is 
well-advanced in a major 
programme with the Italian 
aerospace industry to produce 
a big three-engine transport 
helicopter, the EH. 101. 

In the civil sector, the 
British industry has several 
smaller “home-grown” air- 
craft even though it has had to 
look to foreign engines to 
power them. They include: 

• the BAe 125 executive jet, 
over 600 of which have now 
been sold, a large proportion 
going to the highly -compet- 
itive American market: 

Continued on next page 


Famous for its European Lynx. (And its European links.) 

Lynx is the name of one of the world's most 
successful helicopters. It's also > the result of just one 
of Westland's highly successful international 
collaborative ventures. , , . 

Over the last nineteen years, Wfesriand have 

worked with Aerospatiale of France to produce not 
only lhe Lynx, but also the Puma and the Gazelle. 
And that's just one of our international links. 

We've been in partnership with Sikorsky to take 
another example, since the Second World War. Out 
of that pool of expertise and experience have 
emerged such well-known names as Dragonfly, 
Wessex, Whirlwind and Sea King. And, now we're 
working together more closely than ever to produce 
the new Black Hawk helicopter. 

Agusta of Italy are another company with which 

Westland have longstanding and strong ties. Now 
Westland and Agusta have joined forces to design 
and build NATO's major naval helicopter for the 
1990s, the EH 101. 

Wfestland is working with companies in five 
European countries on two new helicopter projects, 
the NH90 and the Light Attack Helicopter. Wfe're 
involved in advanced airborne technology and 

hovercraft. And we're constantly working on new 
projects for the future. 

We call it team technology And it works. 





‘Giveaway’ planes 
flvine out 

of Europe 

Put virtually out ofbusiness at 
the end of the Second World 
War, the European aerospace 
industry took decades to re- 
build, but this Farnborough 
show sees it recovered to the 
extent that it is a force to be 
seriously reckoned with in 
world aircraft, engine, space 
products, and equipment 

The industry has the full 
support of its various govern- 
ments. which see it as a prime 
generator of technological 
skills. They have poured tax- 
pavers" money into it, with the 
result that some products are 
offered at uneconomic prices, 
or are backed by “soft** loans. 

America alleges that this is 
the case with the airliners 
which are produced by the 
Airbus Industrie consortium, 
now taking around 30 per cent 
of the world market for wide- 
bodied airliners, a market that 
was once the preserve of 
American companies. 

Airbus has countered the 
American claim by alleging 
that American civil aerospace 
products receive hidden gov- 
ernment subsidies by way of 
payments for military re- 
search and development 

Whatever the truth of these 
accusations, there is no doubt 
that Airbus, and the European 
aerospace industry in general, 
is a technological force to be 
reckoned with today. 

Two consortia have 
emerged as the central cores. 
Airbus Industrie, in which 
companies in France, Wot 
Germany, Britain and Spain 
arc the main partners, with 
Holland and Belgium as asso- 
ciates. is one. The other is 
Panavia. formed between 
Britain. West Germany and 
Italy to produce the super- 
sonic swing-wing Tornado. 

Airbus in its early days in 
the late 1960s looked like the 
aerospace equivalent of the 
proverbial horse designed by 
committee — an assembly line 
in Toulouse, south-west 
France, to which parts of 
aircraft manufactured all over 
Europe would be sent by air, 
road 3nd rail for fitting to- 
gether. The partners spoke 
different languages and even 
used different forms of 

The whole organization was 
to be overseen by politicians 
from the partner countries. 
But it worked. The painful 

AUCTION - “All No Reserve" 


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experiences of the British and 
French aerospace industries in 
working together to produce 
Concorde helped solve the 
problems which arose. 

The first fruit of the Airbus 
consortium was the A30Q 
airbus, which, with 300 seats 
and only two engines, was of 
great interest to the airlines at 
a time when the cost of fuel 
was rising. . . 

There followed the smaller 
A3 10 and a long-range ver- 
sion, the A3 10-300. The A300 
has now developed into the 
A30O-60Q. with a digitalized 
flight deck operated by two, 
rather than three crew, and the 
latest Airbus project, the 130- 
seat A320 airliner, is moving 
rapidly towards first flight. 
Europe's aviation electron- 

is put to the test 

ics capability can be judged by 
the fact that the A32G will be 
flown by a sidestick the size of 
a car gearlever, instead of the 
traditional control column. 
The sidestick will convey pilot 
commands to a computer, 
which, having analyzed them 
— and which refuses to act on 
them if they put the aircraft in 
jeopardy — «~tivates the mov- 
ing surfaces. 

Airbus already has some 
250 orders for the A320, which 
is competing for sales with 
Boeing and McDonnell Doug- 
las aircraft based on designs 20 
years old. and with the pro- 
jected Boeing 7J7. which 
could be powered by a new 
generation of preplan engines. 

Aiibus Industrie is anxious 
to expand its “family” of 
aircraft, and has on the design 
board the A330and A340, two 
airliners using the same wing 
and fuselage design, but with 
the A330 having two engines, 
and the A340 four, which 
eventually sells best will de- 
pend largely on the outcome 
of the controversy over 
whether airliners with only 
two engines should be allowed 
to fly over wide stretches of 

The A330/A340 develop- 
ment programme will not cost 
less than $2 billion, and 
Airbus is looking to the part- 
ner governments to guarantee 

the funding. But while Fiance 
and West Germany appear 
ready to do so. the British 
government is reluctant Brit- 
ish Aerospace, which makes 
the wings for all of the Airbus 
airliners, could raise the fi- 
nance on the money markets, 
but the interest payments 
would be crippling. 

Enter McDonnell Douglas, 
the American aerospace giant, 
with a proposition that it and 
Aiibus should collaborate on 
future wide-bodied airliner 
projects as a competitor with 
Boeing, which has cornered 
the world market for long- 
distance flying with its 747 

McDonnell Douglas wants 
to take a stake in the A3 30, 
and use Airbus wing technol- 
ogy to develop its own MD-1 1 
airliner, which has in turn 
developed from the DC-10. 
The company would also like 
to see Airbus drop plans for its 
A340, which competes for 
sales with the MD-41. 

Airbus in its turn suggested 
McDonnell Douglas should 

Airbns A300B2, Airbus Industrie (Europe): This prodnet erf the French, West German, Brit- 
ish and Spanish Airbns consortium is a demonstrator for many of the advanced electronic 
systems which will go into future members of the Airbus “family” of airliners, notably the 
150-seat A320, now in final assembly in Toalonse 

Farnborough show, but a US- 
Europe link-up looks a dis- 
tinct possibility. 

The European nature of 
Airbus can be seen from the 
fact that the executive presi- 
dent is French, his managing 
director West German, while 
the sales and finance directors 

drop its MD-1 1, join in the are both British. 

A330/A340 programme, and T 
work together with Airbus on next great European military 
a long-range MD-1 1 for the project, with 800 sales forecast 
future which would match the for the air forces of the partner 
747. The debate will continue cou 
when the senior executives exp 
from each side meet at the will 


The Eurofighter will be the 
next great European military 

countries, and with hopes of 
exports. The work it creates 
will take over from that on the 

Panavia Tornado, which is 
beginning to run down. 

Early versions of the 
Eurofighter will be powered by 
a derivative of the RB199 
engine which powers the Tor- 
nado, but later it will have a 
new design of engine and this, 
like the RB199, will be a joint 
European project 

While participating in sev- 
eral partnership projects, 
France, more than any other 
European nation, has at the 
same time worked on a stream 
of its own aerospace projects. 
The best known of these is the 

family of Mirage fighters and 
bombers from the factories of 
Dassauit-Breguet, culminat- 
ing in the Rafale fighter 
demonstrator, which will be 
making its debut at this 
Farnborough show. 

The makers of the Rafale 
are also looking for fighter 
orders from countries both in 
Europe and further afield, and 
the aircraft can be seen as 
being in direct competition for 
sates with the British-Ger- 
man-Italian-Spanish Euro- 

France also collaborates 

Tornado IDS PI2, taking off 
.for the first test flight of 
Terprom (terrain _ profile 
matching) navigation _ sys- 
tem. Terprom is fitted in- 
ternally, the cam«u pod is 
part of the flight test 


with the Italian aerospace 
industry in the development 
and production of the new 
ATR 42 commuter airliner, a 
45-sea ter which recently weni 
into service with several air- 
lines. and which is to be 
^iaiy4 into a 70-sea ter, the 
ATR 72. 

The French national aero- 
engine company Snecma is in 
partnership with General 
Electric, of America, in the 
production of the CFM56 
engine, which is aimed at 
providing power for the Air- 
bus A320, and also at re- 
engining older airliners like 
the Boeing 707 and the Mc- 
Donnell Douglas DC-8 whose 
original engines can’t meet the 
latest noise regulations. 

West Germany, although 
deeply involved in partner- 
ships. also has its own aero- 
space projects. These include, 
the Domier 228 commuter 
airliner, which is to be made 
under licence by the aerospace 
industry of India, and an 
interesting project from the 
Caludius Doraier. company 
for a modern flying boat, the 
Seastar. A prototype has been 
flying for several years. 

At the Hanover air show 
earlier this summer, Messer- 
schmitt-Bolkow-Blohm an- 
nounced an agreement to 

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Over-flying the Midlands: the British Aerospace ATP 

From the Isle of Wight The ARY Super 2 

British aerospace still at the top of the league 

From previous page 

• the Jetstream 31 18-seat 
commuter airliner, with over 
100 sales; 

• the Short Brothers 330 and 
360 airliners, with 30 and 36 
seats, respectively. 

The last of the bigger all- 
British airliners, the BAe 748 
with Rolls-Royce Dart turbo- 
prop engines, has just gone out 
of production at BAe’s Man- 
chester factories after a 28- 
year run. 

It has been succeeded by the 
larger (64 seats, compared 
with 45) advanced turboprop 
(ATP) which made its maiden 

flight in early August The 
ATP is a BAe design — the 
company is investing £170 
million in its development — 
but the engines come from 
North America. 

Next in scale in the BAe 
“family" of civil airliners is 
the 146, marketed in three 
passenger versions, with be- 
tween 80 and 120 seats, and a 
new freighter version, to be 
shown for the first time at this 
Farnborough show. At the 
same time, BAe has recently 
signed an agreement with 
Lockheed under which the 
American company will plan 
further freighter develop- 
ments for the aircraft. 

The 146 is, once again, an 
all-British design, but its en- 
gines and wings are made in 
America, while the entire tail 
assembly comes from the 
factories of Saab in Sweden. 
Sales of the aircraft are now 
picking up as airlines with 
routes in environraentally- 
conscious areas of America 
appreciate its quietness of 
operation — in spite of being 
powered by four jet engines. 

The British aerospace in- 
dustry is strongly connected 
with the European industry 
through the Airbus Industrie 
consortium, for which it sup- 
plies the wings. The con- 
sortium is discussed in detail 

in the article on the European 
aircraft industry (see above). 

Rolls-Royce. Britain’s only 
remainingjet engine manufac- 
turer, is also in the partnership 
business through its member- 
ship of the International Aero 
Engines consortium, with 
West Germany, America and 
Japan, making the V2500 
engine for 1 50-seater airliners, 
and through a reciprocal deal 
with the American manufac- 
turer General Electric, under 
which each company makes 
pans for the other. 

This is not to say that Rolls 
does not have a range of 
indigenous engines as well. Its 

latest project, the Tay, is an in- 
house development and is 
selling well into the Fokker 
100 airliner, the American 
Gulfstream IV executive jet 
and into re-engined versions 
of the BAC 1-1 1 airliner. 

All this indicates what a 
cross-border, highly-inter- 
nationalized business aero- 
space is today — although this 
technological collaboration 
between aircraft companies 
from different countries does 
not prevent them fighting 
fiercely for sales. 

And there are, stilL some 
smaller projects which have 
not bad to search for partners. 

These indude the ARV Super 
2, a light aircraft being devel- 
oped on the Isle of Wight by 
Richard Noble, holder of the 
world land speed record in his 
Thrust II car, and three air- 
craft produced by a company 
headed by Desmond Norman, 
induding the Firecracker 

Other small projects include 
the FieWmaster crop-sprayer, 
and the rcmaikable Edgley 
Optica which, with its bul- 
bous, all-round-view cockpit, 
is on offer to police forces as a 
surveillance aircraft at a frac- 
tion of the initial and operat- 
ing costs of a helicopter. 


work with the Chinese aero- 
space industiy on a 60-80-seat 
airliner to be called the MFC 
75. At the same show the West 
German engine company 
MTU showed a model of a 
turbofan designated CRISP - 
counter-rotating integrated 
propfan — which, it claimed, 
would give up to 21 per cent 
better fuel consumption than 
the current generation of 
turbofan engines. 

Sweden has embarked on an 
ambitious programme to de- 
sign. develop and produce 
without the benefit of partner- 
ships the JAS 39 Gripen. an 
advanced fighter for its own 
air force, and possibly for 
export. This will replace the 
Swedish Viggen fighter by 
1990. and 30 percent of it will 
be made from composite 

Sweden's other big aircraft 
project is the Saab 340 com- 
muter airliner, originally a 
joint programme with Fair- 
child. but from which the 
American company has now 
withdrawn. Saab has taken 
over the entire production, 
and has erected a big assembly 
hall at its Linkoping works to 
accommodate the sections 
which were originally made by 

The Italian aerospace industry 

A US-Europe link 
appears possible 

is involved in several collabo- 
rative projects. Aeritalia is a 
15 per cent partner in the 
Tornado bomber, making the 
outer wings and assembling 
aircraft for the Italian Air 
Force, and will be a partner in 
the Eurofighter programme. 

The company also works 
with Embraer, of Brazil, in the 
development of an attack 
aircraft, the AM-X, and with 
Aerospatiale, of France, on the 
ATR 42 commuter airliner. 
Augusta produces a range of 
helicopters, the most signifi- 
cant being the EH. 101. which 
it is developing with the 
British company, Westland. 

Italy's indigenous aircraft 
indude the Aeritalia G222 
military transport, which flew 
in 1970. and has been devel- 
oped for various contem- 
porary uses, including 
airborne early warning and 
marine oil spill control, and 
the Aermacchi BM 339A jet 
trainer and light-attack air- 
craft. which dates hack to 
1976, but which continues to 
be updated. 

Holland is another small 
country with an important 
aerospace industry. Fokker 
has a lengthy history, but is 
looking ahead to the next 
century with the development 
of two new airliners, the 50- 
seater Fokker 50 turboprop, 
and the 100-sea ter Fokker 100 
jet „ . 

The 50 is already flying, and 
will be at Farnborough this 
year. The 100, with orders 
from Swissair, KLM and 
USAir, is in final assembly at 
the company’s Schipol factory 

Spain's capability as an 
aerospace country is increas- 
ing through its membership of 
the Airbus consortium, and 
also as a result of the partner- 
ship it has with Indonesia to 
make the CN-235 transport 

A technology transfer of a 
different kind is that between 
Britain and Romania in which 
the latter is making the BAC 1- 
1 1 airliner in its factories, and 
marketing it under the name 
Rombac 1-11. Rolls-Royce 
Spey engines to power the 
Rombac 1-11 are also made 
under licence in Romania. 



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lO years old, and $tiH 20 years ahead 



At Aerospatiale. ; addressing the excitjng r aerospcce challenges o f tomorrow-means 
capitalizing orV.the daring and innovative technologies we picneerea’ with Concorde 
Projects like Hermes,' for example. When it enters service in 1995. Europe’s Spaceplcne w!!! be 
the direct - beneficiary of more than three decades of comrr.iiment to advanced . * ; • 
aeronautical research and design. --v • • 

Not to mention. Concorde's outstanding track record of in-flight performance and reliability 
But at- Aerospatiale, continuity means looking further than just a decade ahead. 

Thai s why we re, hard at work on Concorde's successor - a hypersonic transport that will 
dramatically' change the way Deople’-travel, as early as the year 20.00 - ■ -y" y\ . 

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-In cooperation /.yith British Aerospace. .. . - -• . ,- L - . V O - “ •> . ‘ 

th cf 5 :s 'S0©£?a l f tef !f’ aerospatiale. 

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Still high sales 
despite the 

air pirates 

Despite the recent murder- 
ous activities of roving terror- 
ists and some spectacular 
crashes, there is considerable 
confidence in the United 
States aircraft industry that 
underlying growth in demand 
for ns products is healthy. 

- m '8 hl y Boeing said in 
■its 1986 message to stock- 
holders: “The implications of 
an unusually high number of 
airplane accidents during 
1985 will prove to be an 
anomaly in an otherwise su- 
perb record of safety in 
commercial air 


'■Commitment to maintain- 
ing quality in design and 
manufacturing continues to 
receive the highest priority 
throughout the company." 

And McDonnell Douglas, 
the No 2 of the western 
world's civil aircraft makers, 
said: “Commercial aircraft 
manufacturers generally had a 
good year in 1 985- the best in 
fact since 1979. Backed by 
strong traffic growth and ris- 
ing earnings, the world's air- 
lines placed firm orders for 
524 airliners, a substantial 
increase over the 395 ordered 
the previous year and more 
than double 19S3's total of 

Lockheed, which ran into 
severe financial difficulties in 
the 1970s has recovered 
remarkably and this year ex- 
pects to exceed last year's net 
earnings of $401 million. The 
corporation retreated from the 
civil market after production 
of the TriStar and now con- 
centrates on the defence sec- 

Lockheed expects to be 
debt-free in 1987-88. At the 
end of the first half of this 

year, its total debt had reduced 
to 5329 million from S633 
million a year earlier. 

Boeing last year reported a 
finn order backlqg. covering 
both civil and military aircraft 
of 524.76 billion, up by $3.2 
billion on the previous year, of 
which -commercial planes ac- 
counted for 75 per cenL Sales 
this year arc forecast to be 
about 515:5 billion against 
$10.4 bullion in 1984. 

McDonnell Douglas's sales 
last year rose from $9.7 billion 
in 1984 to Si 1.5 billion, of 
which — in a reverse situation 
to Boeing — more than half 
was from combat aircraft. 

In the short term, the 
commercial aircraft market 
remains uncertain on the 
international front because of 
continuing. . fears of 
highjacking, and the impact of 
the Chernobyl nuclear power 
station disaster in Russia. 

New tour markets 
are opening up 

International Air Transport 
Association (1ATA) airlines 
Iasi year made a profit of $600 . 
million but this could deteri- 
orate into a $100 million loss 
this year. with, consequent 
rethinking by airlines of their 
future aircraft orders. 

in North America, how- 
ever. prospects for high sales 
figures are bright. In the first 
three months of this year, 
airlines flew 20.8 per cent 
more seat-miles than a year 
earlier, compared with only 
6. 1 percent more by European 
airliners. r ln the long run, with 
leisure bvertaking business 
travel, new tourist markets are 
being opened up and people 

arc flying longer distances. 

The US plane makers are 
also bullish because of the 
ageing nature of the world 
airliner fleet. 

Many programmes are now 
20 years old or more: these 
.Include the British Aerospace 
' 1-1 1. Douglas DC-9 and DC- 
8. Boeing 707.720.727-100. 
and the Caravelleand Trident 

The American industry is 
expecting that in the decade to 
1994 there will be demand for 
4.000 commercial aircraft, of 
which 1 .700 will be ordered by 
US airliners. 

Biggest growth is expected 
in the short range sector. US 
carriers are estimated to need 
1.270 aircraft in the 120-180 
sealer dass. 

In all sectors. Boeing and 
McDonnell Douglas will have 
new or improved versions of 
existingairlines to offer, hi the 
120-seat dass. Boeing has its 
737-300. currently the 
company's best seller, but it is 
in the 150-seat market that 
some of the biggest sales 
battles are expected. 

Here. Boeing will be offer- 

ing its prop-fen driven 7J7, 
which has a considerable 
Japanese input, due in service 
in the early 1 990s. The aircraft 
which Boeing claims will offer 
up to 40 per cent reduction in 
fuel bum per seat is to form 
the basis of a new range of 
airliners, both smaller and 
larger than the originaL The 
7J7 will be competition for the 
Airbus Industries A-320. and 
McDonnell Douglas MD-80. 

Boeing is confident that it 
will fight off Airbus in the 
short-medium range .class 
with its 757 and 767 aircraft 
while in the long haul market 
there is still nothing to match 
the 747 jumbo jeL 

Mcdonndl Douglas's latest 
new venture is the MD-1 1. an 
advanced technology deriv- 
ative of the DC-10 for use on 
long “thin" routes, and it is 
also working with partners in 
Italy. China and. Sweden to 
build a 1 10-seat airliner for the 
1990s powered by uilrarhigh- 
bypass. (UHB) engines which 
could save up to 50 percent of 
the fuel consumed by curretit 
1 50-seal jets. 

Much attention is being 

focused on the military side of 
the aerospace industry in the 
US and in collaboration deals 
with the British. 

Boeing recently put forward 
proposals to the Ministry of 
Defence to sell its AWAC 
system to the RAF. with 
Lockheed teaming up with the 
GEC. . 

Hybrid plane with 
swivel engines 

On the helicopte: front 
Boeing is at an advanced stage 
in developing its V-22 Osprey 
till-rotor aircraft a hybrid 
plane fitted with swivelling 
turbo-prop engines. Almost 
1.000 are to be builL Mean- 
while. Boeing Vertol and 
Sikorsky are to develop jointly 
the US Army's new LXX 
family of light helicopter 
which, will replace the 7,000 
_ now in service. 

McDonnell Douglas, which 
produces the F-15 Eagle — 
“the world's most formidable 
air superiority fighter", says 
the company — is collaborat- 
ing with BAe on production of 
328 AV-8B Hairier II jump 

Executive flying: the Gulfstream GIV (United States), left, 
powered by the newly developed Rolls-Royce Tay engine. 
Above. Lockheed's SR-71 Blackbird spy plane. Below, the 
US Robinson R22 Beta lightweight helicopter, wideiv used 
in North America for pilot training and police work, it was 
originally designed to be as cheap to bay and operate as 
small fixed-wing aircraft 

Westland gets off 
the ground 

jcis for the US Marine Corps, 
and on the T-45 Goshawk, a 
modified Hawk trainer. 

Few all-new combat aircraft 
are expected to be ordered in 
the near future and com- 
petition will be intense. Mc- 
Donnell Douglas says: “The 
winners will find themselves 
with orders involving tens of 
billions of dollars and produc- 
tion lines likely to continue for 
decades. The losers, because 
of the scarcity of new pro- 
grams. will find it more diffi- 
cult than ever to recoup. 

“Competition will be fierce 
and multi-faceted. The ranks 
of companies attempting to 
win programs will not be 
limited to the small number of 
companies that are today, 
like MDC. prime contractors 
on major combat aircraft pro- 
grams. Any company with 
large-scale aerospace capabili- 
ties and willingess to invest 
heavily can become a credible 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The heficopfer sector of the 
world aerospace industry will 
be well represented at this 
Faiuborough show, with ma- 
chines from America, France, 
Italy and West Germany on 
display, pins a big contingent 
from Britain's only helicopter 
manufacturer, Westland. 

Westland's mnch-pnbli- 
dzed linking earlier this year 
with the American helicopter 
giant Sikorsky will be appar- 
ent in the appearance of a 
Sikorsky S-70C equipped not 
with its usual US General 
Electric engines, bnt with 
Rolls-Royce RTM322s- 

This aircraft Is a testbed for 
the Rolls engine which Sikor- 
sky hopes will make the S-70, 
in its military Black Hawk 
version, acceptable to the Brit- 
ish armed forces. 

Eventually, Sikorsky hopes 
to build specialized versions of 
the Black Hawk at Westland's 
factory in Yeovil, Somerset. 

The trend among the heli- 
copters on show is towards 
safer, less noisy travel, with 
engines that are becoming 
more reliable, composite 
materials used in the construc- 
tion of fuselages and rotor 
blades, and with modern 
electronics taking much of the 
labour off the pilot. Military 
helicopters are being' made to 
be more resistant to battle 
damage, and to carry a range 
of increasingly-lethal missiles 
for ase against tanks. 

As a result, sales are buoy- 
ant, although the manufac- 
turers are concerned at the 
continuing slump in oil and 
gas exploration, in which heli- 
copters have played an im- 

portant vole. 

Ironically, two of the most 
important developments in 
helicopters will not be repre- 
sented in the aircraft on 
’display, although they could 
be ready for the next 
Farn bo rough show in two 
years' time. 

These are the concepts of 
the X-wing and the tilt rotor, 
both of whicb are well ad- 
vanced towards being proved 
in flight. 

The X-wing is being devel- 
oped by Sikorsky, ami is so 
named because the rotor on 
top of the helicopter is 
“parked" once the airo-aft has 
taken off vertically and pro- 
vides the lift for forward flight 
while conventional jet engines 
take over. The process is 
reversed for landing. 

The tilt rotor is being devel- 
oped jointly by Bril Textron 
and Boeing VertoL also in 
America. The principle here is 
that rotors are situated on 
each wing tip of an aircraft 
and after they have lifted the 
aircraft vertically from the 
ground, they swivel through 90 
degrees to propel it forward. 

Both of these hybrid ve- 
hicles will be able to overcome 
the speed barrier of around 
200 mph which has limited 
the development of the heli- 
copter in the past If they 
succeed technically, they could 
revolutionize the helicopter 
business, opening np new 
possibilities for city-centre to 
city-centre travel, and for op- 
erations on, or near, the 


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The propfan engine: back to the propeller 

How Rolls won 
the big prize 



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Rolls-Royce. Britain’s soon- 
io- be -privatized aero engine 
company, pulled off the big 
deal recently — the much 
sought-after £600 million or- 
der to power the first 16 of 
British Airways’ next fleet of 
Boeing 747 ju mbo jets. 

Despite some carping from 
the opposition that the airline 
had been pressured into buy- 
ing British against its better 
judgement, there was no ev- 
idence to suggest that Lord 
King, the BA chairman, had 
received any instruction or 
even covert ‘“advice” to show 
preference to Rolls-Royce. 

On the contrary, what 
apparently clinched the deal 
was the financial package that 
Roils managed to put together 
by convincing a consortium of 
international banks not only 
to put up the money for the 
entire aircraft and engines sale 
but to agree lo a complex 
revolving credit. 

The outcome is that BA will 
lease the aircraft and will not 
have to borrow any money. 

In the aero engine business, 
therefore, there is a new 
concentration upon financing 
packages on the one hand and 
collaboration on the other. 

Throughout the industry 
there is a bewildering picture 
of cross-fertilization: Rolls is 
teamed with General Electric 

The picture is 

of the US in a deal which gives 
each partner a 25 per cent 
share of the other’s work on 
big wide fan engines. Thus 
Rolls has a stake in the success 
of the GE 80C. the engine 
which has also provided the 
chief competition in the battle 
for the BA order. 

Ironically. Rolls stood to 
gain £165 million had the GE 
engine won BA's favours, and 
there are those in the City of 
London who would claim that 
by spreading its interests more 
widely. Rolls would attract 
more investors when it is 
floated on the stock market 
next year. 

It was the huge investment 
cost associated with the orig- 
inal development of the 
RB211 engine - the deriv- 
ative of which has now been 
chosen by BA — that caused 
the spectacular collapse of 
Rolls-Royce in the early 1 970s. 
When Rolls comes to the 
market probably next May. it 
will have to convince poten- 
tial investors that it is no 
longer reliant on a single 

Despite some claims that 
the BA deal would sour rela- 
tions with GE it is dear that 
both companies need each 
other against the might of 

Prali & Whitney, the subsid- 
iary of United Technologies, 
the seventh largest manufac- 
turing company in the US. ■ 
which made a laic bid for the ■ 
BA order. 

It was P&W that recently ; 
won the other big order for ! 
engines to power the next 
generation of jumbos. Singa- • 
pore International Airlines ' 
have ordered 14 of the 747- . 
400s plus four more Airbus A- 1 
5 1 0s in a total deal worth ■ 
about £2.6 billion. 

The other sector in which * 
the engine manufacturers are l 
battling for increased share is ^ 
that of the “big twin” aero- 
planes — the new generation of ~ 
Boeings. 757 and 767. the 
Airbus Industrie stable of A- 
300. A-3 1 0 and A-320. and the 
McDonnell Douglas MD89. 

Here again the engine scene - 
is complicated, with Rolls- 
Royce and Pratt & Whitney in . 
partnership in the five-nation 
international Aero Engines 
consortium which is praduc- 
ing a new fuel-cfficiem wide 
fan engine, the V2500. es- ■ ( 
penally for 150-seater air- 
liners such as the A320 and 
MD89 and at its lower thrust 
level of 23.500 lb at Boeing 
737 derivatives. Pratt and 
Rolls each have a 30 per cent 
share in IAE 

On the military- front which - 
presents the larger amount of ’ 
the engine makers' business, 
orders for power units for . 
combat aircraft are expected - 
to be worth S67 billion in the 
15 years to 1999. Rolls has a 
major stake in this market • 
with its RBI 99. the engine * 
that powers the Tornado, and 
the Pegasus, which is installed 
in the Harrier. 

Back in the civil market, 
competition is honing up to be 
first with a new technology 
prop-fan engine, which will 
mark a return of the propeller 
driven airliner probably 
within the next decade. 
Propfans. unlike the four- 
bladed propellers of the past 
have 12 blades shaped Ijke a 
ship's screw and it is claimed 
are quieter, subject to less 
vibration and have much - 
reduced fuel consumption All 2 
the major engine companies j 
are committing big sums into - 
initial development of prop- “ 
fans, and the concept received 
a boost earlier this year when 
Boeing revealed its plans for a 
500-seat airliner, the 747-500. 
with a 7.500 mile range and 
equipped with pro-fan 

Boeing is already planning 
to use prop-fans on its pro- 
posed 7J7 — the J indicates 
major Japanese involvement 
— a 1 50-seat airliner due early 
in 1992 which will provide 
competition for the A320. 


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Will this giant 

be on show? 


- t*y.. ...$ 

22* ^borough 84, the* 
Jjjst ever SBAC show attended 
by. Russian aircraft, the 
JJSJ? Soviet aerospace in- 
dnstry has given the world 
“tee big surprises. The most 
t^cont is pie MiG-29 Fulcrum 
^Ptrapnic fighter, which ear- 
uer this summer presented 
itself openly to western eyes 
and cameras instead of co- 

S,es.t° W 

The chances of a Fulcrum 
aerobatic team at 
Farnborough, or even of a 
Sj'tgie specimen, are remote 
although not entirely ruled 
out A Soviet Air Force team 
of lour suddenly visited a 
Finnish military base in July, 
providing western experts 
with long-awaited fine detail 
instead of coarse deduction 
from blurred reconnaissance 

Fulcrum (a Nato codename) 
contains apparently not un— 
nervingly advanced fighter 
technology, as did the MiG-25 
Foxbat when it appeared in 
Soviet air force squadron ser- 
vice a decade and a half ago. It 
is in feet of MiG-25 configura- 
tion, including the twin fins 
made fashionable by Foxbat, 
except that the engine intakes 
are in the “mouth” rather than 
“ears" position. 

The intakes deepen rather 
than diminish the mystery. 
Nothing quite like them has 
been seen before. Various 
theories have been advanced. 

But first the other two 
surprises, both revealed at the 
Fans air show in June last 
year the Soviet Union's big- 
gest aircraft, the Antonov An- 
124 Ruslan jet transport and 

its aero-engine industry’s big- 
&& turbofen, the 25-tonne 
thrust Lotarev D-I8T. 

The big" Antonov has been 
seen, as Fulcrum had, by 
intelligence satellites, and had 

been codenamed An-400 Con- 
dor. Nobody was sure, until fts 

sensational appearance at 
Pans 85, that this giant -Rus- 
sian equivalent ofthe US 
Lockheed. C-5 Galaxy was 
powered by high-bypass 
lur bo fens. 

One of the great mysteries 
about Soviet aerospace tech- 
nology had been its failure to 
produce a big-fen jet engine. 
The US and British industries 
bench- ran such engine al- 
most 20 years ago, and today 
the international airlines are 
flying about 6.000 US General 
Electric CG-6s, Pratt & Whit- 
ney JT9Ds and Rolls-Royce 

The Lotarev was 
keenly exa mined 

RB.211S. Now at last the 
Russians have an engine in 
this class and are using it to 
power the giant Antonov 

An example of the Lotarev 
D-18T appeared in the USSR 
pavilion at Paris, and was 
keenly examined by western 
engine men. Probably a three- 
shafler, it appears to have so- 
called -active clearance 
control, an advanced feature 
ofthe latest versions ofthe big 
western turbofons. 

Active clearance-control 
aids efficiency and fuel econ- 
omy by automatically 
minimizing the gap between 

the engine’s high-pressure tur- 
bine blades and their 
surrounding shroud. Hot air 
bled from- the compressor 
regulates the- expansion and 
contraction of the engine cas- 
ing whatever the power setting 
or air temperature. 

Elaborate anti-icing is also 
evident, as one would expea 
from designers with so much 
experience of Siberian 

Otherwise the D-18T seems 
to be of comparable technol- 
ogy externally, with no mys- 
teries or magic. We cannot tell 
what level of “hot-end” tech- 
nology the Russians have 
attained, because of course the 
turbine blades and combus- 
tion chambers are hidden 
from view. 

It is conceivable that the 
Aviaexport exhibitor at 
Fam borough wflj reveal such 
components: if they do, west- 
ern propulsion engineers will 
look closely for any new ideas 

in hollow-blade fabrication, 
materials and grain structure. 
But because turbine-blade 
metallurgy is a critically im- 
portant area in military as well 
as civil engine performance, it 
will probably remain dosed to 
western eyes. 

The new Russian engine is 
in the same thrust class as the 
versions of the west's 
land JT9D and RBJ11 — 
about 55,0001b. The bypass 
ratio, the proportions of air 
propelled by the fen outside 
ana inside the engine, appears 
to be higher than the five to 
one typical of the US and 
British 25-tonners. but early 

* v ubfr 

official data suggest that it is 
about the same. 

This means, since the fan is 
of bigger diameter, that 
propulsive efficiency may not 
be as high. This “cold end" of 
big turbofen technology is 
very difficult and competitive: 
the three western masters are 
continually refining their fens 
to produce more thrust and 
reliability for less weight and 
noise and vibration. 

For example, the latest 
RB.21 1-535 and the IAE 
V .2500 have fen blades which 
are not dipped together or 
“snubbered”, greatly improv- 
ing efficiency. 

The Antonov An-124 
(Soviet Union) above caused 
a stir at the Pam show 
last summ er. At left is the 
MiG-29. Nothing like it 
had been seen before its 
unexpected appearance 
at a Finnish air base in July 

The Russian D-18T has 
snubbers. It has no ribs or 
flanges on its casing, which the 
big western turbofens grew to 
resist ovaiising — nonctncular 
wear and hence leakiness. We 
shall see whether the Russian 
engineers have discovered 
something which has so fer 
evaded western propulsion 
experts or whether the D-18T 
simply has a heavy casing. 

Though the Lotarev engine 
need not give the West any 
inferiority complexes, it is 
obviously a competent solu- 
tion to a tough technology 
challenge: one which nearly 
broke Rolls-Royce 15 years 

ago. ft gives the Russians the 
power to develop big transport 
aircraft for civil and military 

The first application, the 
four-engine Antonov An- 124 
Ruslan, may turn up ax 
Farnborough 86, inspiring 
awe as did the world's biggest 
helicopter, the Mil-26, and the 
'0-86 wide-body Aeroflot air- 
liner. which in 1984 were the 
first Soviet aircraft to visit a 
Farnborough show. The big 
Antonov, like the Mil-26, is a 
good advertisement for a 
notable Russian asset size 
does not intimidate. 

The most curious feature of 
the Ruslan is the low-set 
taiiplane. which looks as 
though it. must be affected by 
down wash from the main 
wing, especially at slow speeds 
when the air flow is ,most 

The main wing itself is set 
lower than that on the Lock- 
heed Galaxy; this may smooth 
flow throughout ihe speed 

Bui if the big Russian does 
drop in. will the Antonov 
aerodynamicists have 
changed the set of the 

No doubt many American 
and European fighter de- 
signers at Farnborough will be 
wanting to solve the mystery 
of the Fulcrum's extraor- 
dinary engine intakes. 

Like those of the new 
British fighter prototype, EAP, 
the MiG-29's intakes arc un- 
der the fuselage behind the 
nose undercarriage. Unlike 
the EAP, and unlike any other 
aircraft, the new MiG has 
supplementary intakes on the 
upper surface of the wing. 

We can see from the photo- 
graphs taken in Finland that 
the main intakes are shut 
during take-off and landing 
and taxi-ing. This means that 
the engines are then breathing 
through the slots or“venetian- 

Win<T intakes on top of the 
wings. But why has the Mi- 
koyan design office gone to 
such trouble? 

These supplementary in- 
takes must be complicated 
engineering works, requiring 
actuators and electrical con- 
trols and greatly diminishing 
the fighters capacity for fueL 

Two theories have been 
advanced to explain this mys- 
tery, neither entirely eliminat- 
ing western worries that the 
new Soviet fighter has a 
combat counter-measure 
which must be countered. 

The first theory is almost 
laughably improbable: the 
main intakes are closed on the 
ground because the nose 
wheels might throw stones or 
tyre debris into the engines 
and damage them. 

Thus, on the ground, the big 
twin Tumansky turbofans 
draw their air from the Vene- 
tian blinds on the upper wing; 
once airborne these blinds 
dose and the main intakes 
open. But would it not be 
easier lo reposition the nose 
undercarriage — or even to fit 
the wheels with mudguards? 
Soviet aircraft designers are 
hardly so stupid, as we well 
know from their formidable 
dynasties of MiG-s and 
Sukhoi fighters. 

The other theory is that the 
main intakes arc dosed so that 
when approaching enemy ra- 
dar. the Fulcrum's fans — 
highly radar-dcflcctive on any 
aircraft — are rendered 
“stealthy", to use the new 
defence term. But this theory 
fail 5 down because the Soviet 
aerodynamitists cannot have 
overcome the law of nature 
which makes wing surface 
intakes ineffective at forward 
speeds faster than lakc-olf. 

J. M. Ramsden 

Flight International 

The rise 
and fall 
of world 

World airlines had hoped for 
good financial results this 
summer, but fears of terrorist 
attacks in Europe, and the 
disaster at Chernobyl 
have deflated 

those hopes. 

Traffic across the North 
Atlantic — the most important 
of all the woiid air routes in 
financial terms — is recover- 
ing. but the International Air 
Transport Assodation (IATA) 
expects the industry to do no 
more than break even in 1 986. 

Precautions against terror- 
ism, particularly at European 
airports, have further hit the 
industry. They have delayed 
flights, as bags are identified 

and searched, and increased 
security costs. 

Bui airi ines have gamed this 
year from the fell in oil prices 
— although the recent rises in 
the cost of crude could cancel 
some of that and push up feres 
and freight rates before the 
■ end of the year. 

The IATA isstill fearful that 
the, marginal profits the in- 
dustry has made in recent 
years will prevent it from 
investing to the extent that it 
should in the new generation 
of efficient airliners which are 
emerging from the manufac- 
turers. Some major airlines 
have, m feet started leasing 
aircraft, rather than buying. 

■■■!»»■ •* 

and this is a trend which will 

Boeing estimates that the 
airlines will need an average of 
S15.6 billion worth of new- 
aircraft a year through the 
1990s to match growth in 

business and to replace out- 
dated machines. 

The Airbus Industrie con- 
sortium's forecast is that 
world passenger traffic by 
2006 will beihree times higher 
than Joday. but will be limited 

by congestion at airports and 
in air traffic control. 

One of the main topics of 
discussion amongairiine exec- 
utives at this Farnborough 
show will be foe pace -of 
deregulation, and its effect on 

their businesses. In America, a 
more libera! attitude towards 
licensing has resulted in 
cheaper feres, a proliferation 
of smaller airlines, but amal- 
gamations among foe larger 

' Progress towards liberaliza- 
tion in Europe has been far 
slower, although the routes 
between Britain and Hollaad 
have been opened to new 
airlines, and feres have fallen. 
The EEC is now ready to take 
legal action against airlines it 
suspects of operating cartels. 

The airlines have two fur- 
ther pressures on them. One is 
. from seyere jioise regulations^ 
which are forcing them; to 

retire many of their older 
airliners prematurely, and 
which forced one British 
freight airline out of business. 
The second is the difficulty of 
repatriating the money they 
cam in some Third World 

But despite ‘all of these 
problems, the overall mood of 
the airline industry, which has 
become leaner and more 
productive over recent years, 
remains buoyant. This atti- 
tude is based on the faa that 
some 900 million air journeys 
arc made each year (when the 
figures from foe Soviet Union 
-ai^ included). 


The reference point in defence systems. 

Selenia has always been a leaderm defence 
systems engineering. It is an a 0-ltaSan indu- 
strial reaSty. 7,000 employees, 6 plants, a turno- 
ver of $ 450 rrfflon of which 60% is destined 
for exportation. 

Seienra is the company to refer to if you want to 
understand The State of Art' of the most 
advanced technology. 

Se/ema designs and produces systems that 
are kncmi and well reputed an over the world. 
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• IR systems for detection and tracking. 

• Laser equipment and systems. 

• Avioivc systems. 

In the field of naval systems, Sderia and Elsag 
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• SurveBance radar. 

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• Command and control systems. 

• Integrated naval combat systems. 

• Coastal surveBtance radar. 



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The still-exclusive skill 
of making a plane 

One of the big contests at 
Fambo rough 84 was to supply 
the Royal Air Force with a 
new trainer, a basic good 
handler to replace the Jet 

The RAF had never before 
looked outside its own or 
American industry, but at the 
show two years ago the Brazil- 
ians, Swiss and Austrahans 
were on Uie RAFs list, with a 
British product an outsider. 

The victor, made by a 
country which did not have an 
aerospace industry when Con- 
corde made its first flight, was 
Embraer of Brazil, with its 
superb little TucanO. The 
RAFs test pilots and en- 
gineers, second to none in 
professionalism, declared that 
the Brazilian aircraft was the 
most suitable. 

The Tucano was the one to 
which they wished to entrust 
the training of future fast jet 
and transport pilots to the 
exacting standards which the 
British air services have air 
wavs demanded. 

The Tucano will be built 
under licence by Shorts in 
Northern Ireland. No doubt 
the British aerospace industry 
could itself have designed 
such an aircraft, with com- 
parable performance, han- 
dling, quality of manufacture 
and cost But it did nod 
instead the RAF has ordered 
130 Tucanoes from Shorts. 

industry, with its 
modest but capable 
and well- focussed products, 
did well, reminding the great 
“total aviation" powers that 
big is not always beautiful and 
that the developing world is 
becoming a competitor, not 
just a market for its products. 

As well as making the 
Tucano, Brazil has designed 
and built and sold nearly 500 
Bandeiranie light transports 
for 26 countries, including the 
UK. Embraer has followed up 
with the sleek Brasilia, per- 
haps the most stylish of the 
new commuterliners, selling 
more than 50 so far. 

The world has only four 
nations with aerospace in- 
dustries which can make 
everything - every type of 
aircraft, engine, and equip- 
ment the US, the UK, France 
and the Soviet Union. Japan 
and West Germany are often 

held up as examples of indus- 
trial capability to which others 
should aspire, but they are far 
behind the big four in 

Forty years after World War 
Two, and after 30 years of 
licence-manufacturing mainly 

American aircraft, the Japa- 
nese and West German aero- 
space industries have 
achieved only modest export 
successes with indigenously 
designed aircraft. 

Mitsubishi's MU-2 turbo- 
prop business aircraft and its 
MU-300 Diamond business 
jet have penetrated the world's 
toughest aviation market, the 
US, as did the now out-of- 
production YS-ll passenger 
transport. But all have Ameri- 
can or British engines and 

West Germany's D0228 
light transport and its Sky- 
servant predecessor have 
gained a foothold in the export 
market and so has the BO- 105 
helicopter, but these too have 
foreign engines and equip- 
ment The air forces and 
airlines of Japan and West 
Germany operate few indig- 
enous aircraft. 

These are hard facts of life, 
even for such mighty technical 
powers. Canada has a com- 
petent industry, which has 
produced and sold throughout 
the world the "Ford" engine of 
the aerospace market, the 

The CASA-Nnrtanio 

Pratt & Whitney Canada 
PT6A, plus more than 850 
Twin Otter light transports. 

Canada's new Dash 8 com- 
muter-liner, recently adopted 
by Boeing — which has bought 
its makers, de Havilland - is 
looking successful The quiet 
short-field Dash 7 has opened 
up poor-runway communities 
and city centres to air trans- 

But the Canadair Chal- 
lenger business jet has far 
from covered its costs, and the 
Canadian aerospace industry 
as a whole has fallen heavily 
on public funds for survival 

The aspiration to aerospace 
capability is common to every 

country which seeks economic 
independence. If you can mas- 
ter aerospace, you can master 
any industry, so less-devel- 
oped countries start by li- 
American, European or Soviet 
products for their own civil 
and military services. 

However, it is one thing to 
machine jet-engine gearboxes 
to someone else's 20 -year-old 
design and drawings and to 
build expensively equipped 
factories and training schools 
for inauguration by proud 
ministers. It is another to 
match the bewildering pace of 
research and development in 
the leading aerospace nations. 

Israel is producing, with US 
engines and equipment, an 
advanced new fighter, the 
La vi — but at a unit cost which 
would buy a small squadron of 
American F-I6&. India wants 
to follow up licence-built 
MiG-2 Is, 23s and 27s with its 
own fighter, but the LTA will 
have to have imported equip- 
ment and e n g i n es. 

Indonesia, already heavily 
in debt to western countries, 
has chosen the co-operation 
route to aerospace com- 
petence by parterning Casa of 
Spain on tire ambitious Casa- 
Nurtanio 235 commuter liner. 

But Indonesia shares with 
all the world the belief that 
aerospace, for all its diffi- 
culties, is the future industry 
of power and progress. The 

Faro bo rough show is 
an exhibition of this 
belief Other aerospace aspir- 
ers include Argentina’s FMA 
Pucara battlefield attacker,, 
which gave a good account of 
itself dlhring the Falklands 
war, and has since been joined 
by FMA’s Pampa jet trainer. 
Australia has finished produc- 
tion of its Nomad light trans- 
port and builds American F- 
18s for the Royal Australian 
Air Force and components for 
Boeing and Airbus. Chile has 
its T-35 Pfllan light trainer. 
Mighty China, awakening 

to its technical strength after 
years of building and develop- 
ing Soviet civil and military 
aircraft, has developed its 
Harbin Y-12 light transport 
and is licence-manufacturing 
parts for the US and European 
industries as well as complete 
MD-80 jetliners for itself 


Spot tomorrow’s stars 

■ ATR42. Aerospatiale and on Royal Navy ebips during 
<fVSK Italy), the 1982 Fa kfancte war. 
First appearance at a | British Aerospace EAP 
Famborough show tor this (Britain). One of te sters 9 
46-seat commuter airliner, this Famborouah show is 

which entered service early 
this year. The joint manu- 
facturers are “stretching ft 

to a 74-seater, to be called 
tfie ATR 72. 

i n:^- n||g| gpjj Q-gyy. The plane is 

being offered to police 
forces for low and stow 
flying In the surveillance 
role as a cheap alternative 
to the helicopter. 

■ Dassault-Breguet Super 
Etendard (France). Ship- 
borne, single-seat strike- 
fighter, the Etendard is an 
ageing design, but is being 
updated to carry the most- 
modem weapons. In ser- 
vice with the navies of 
France and Argentina. The 
* ",«"tines used ft in at- 
with Exocet missiles 


likely to be toe ^P erirT ]f , ]Hj 
Aircraft Prooramme 


cashire on August 8. 

_ Dassault-Breguet Rafale 
(France). This advance 
fighter-demonstrator flew 
for the first time earlier this 
year. Like toe British EAP, it 
incorporates many ad- 
vanced systems and materi- 

■ British Aerospace ATP 
(Britain). The advanced 
turbo-prop 65-seat juriirer 
made its maiden flight from 
BAe's airfield at Manches- 
ter on August 6. Excep- 
tionally quiet it should sell 

Dassault-Breguet Soper Etendard (France) 

Why the pilot has less to do in the cockpit 

_ . _ mT fiohtnft. bowel 

With the four-nation European 
Fighter Aircraft (EFA) poised to 
enter development later this par, 
electronics companies are jockeying 
for the potentially lucrative contracts 
to supply avionics for the Enrofighter. 
Already a battle has broken out to 
supply the single most Important such 
system, EFA’s radar. 

Though others might enter the 
arena, the battle is likely to be 

between two teams, one European, led 

by Britain's Ferranti, the other inter- 
national, headed by Hughes Aircraft 
of the US. Ferranti, with Fiat of Italy 
and Inisel of Spain, is offering a new 
European collaborative radar, the 
ECR 90. Hughes, backed by AEG of 
West Germany and Britain s GEC 

Avionics, is offering an existing radar, 

tiie APG-65. 

The EFA radar wiD have a range of 
about 50 miles, with the abil ity to 
track and guide to, several 

targets simultaneously. Most im- 
portant of all, the radar will confer on 
EFA the ability to detect and fire on 
low-flying intruders, a look- 
down/shoot-down capability sorely 
missed by Royal Navy Sea Hamer 
pilots in the Falklands conflict. 

As the radar which equips the US 
Navy’s F-18 Hornet fighter, the 
Hughes APG-65 is tire world’s most 
advanced “multimode" radar, mean- 

ing it is sorted to both air-to-air and 
air-to-ground use. It is also the radar 
already chosen by Germany to update 
its F-4 Phantoms, for which purpose 
the APG-65 will be built under ficence 
by AEG. 

The West German Air Force is 
therefore keen lo ose tire APG-65 m 
tire EFA, to ensure commonality w 
its F-4s. The German government, 
meanwhile, views selection of the 
Hughes radar as a way to reduce its 
dollar trade deficit; and so ease US 
pressure on Germany to buy more 
American goods. 

In offering its competing ECR 90 
radar, Ferranti emphasizes that the -■ 

The ECR 90 will be up 
to date for 25 years 

APG-65 wifi be 15 to 20 years eld 
when EFA enters service in 1995. Ote 
the other hand, maintains the UK 
company, tire all-new ECR 90 will not 
be o utgrown or o utdat e d m the 25- 
year life of the Enrofighter. 

Radar is at the heart of another 
battle, that to equip the Royal Air 
Force with an airborne early warning 
aircraft. US contenders Gr umm a n 
and Lockheed hope that NATO trill 
grant tire RAF permission to ese the 
UHF frequencies on which their 

General Electric surveflbmce radar 

initially this was refused, because 
the frequencies are already in use and 
would fee interfered with by the radar. 

Meanwhile Plessey has signed an 
agreement with Westingfaonse to 
work on tire US company's radar for 
tire Boeing E-3 Awacs, the teulmg 
contender to replace the Nimrod 
AEW, which has a radar developed by 
GEC Avionics. Ironically if Awacs is 
selected, and GECs bid for Plessey 
subsequently succeeds, the UK 
electronics giant will find itself with a 
ipflilmg role stiQ to play in Britain’s 

airborne early warning. 

GEC Avionics, however, reports 
encouraging progress with improve- 
ments to its Nimrod radar which it , 

the RAF from changing horses after 
spending £900 million developing the 
Nimrod. . 

With two stars Of the Faraborongh 
(tyin g display owing their agility to 
computerized flight controls, "fly-by- 
wire" will be receiving ranch atten- 
tion. Britain’s EAP experimental 
fighter flies courtesy four GEC Avion- 
ics digital computers, while France s 
demonstrator relies on four 
similar boxes developed within 
Dassault itself. EFA, of coarse, wOl 
be fly-by -wire. . . 

Flyin g by wire is not tire exclusive 

preserve of fighters, however, and 
perhaps the most spectacular flying 
display at Farn borough will involve 
an airliner. Airbus has modified its 
A300 testbed to emulate the flying 
qnalities of the European 
consortium's new 150-seat A32u, the 
world's first fly-by-wire airliner. At 
Farnborungh the A300 will_ dem- 
onstrate safe to w -sp ee d handling no 
other airliner can match. . . 

The A320 will make the pitot's job 
easier. Thanks to its fly-by-wire 
computers, the A320 will never stall, 
so in wind-shear tire pilot can simply 
pall his stick full back to get the most 

life. Fell power win be automatically 

applied and the co mputers will fly the 

Cutting the stall risk 
could save more lives 

aircraft to its nrnrimnm lift without 
tire risk of stalling- This could save 
lives. Airbus believes. 

T hough not at Farnborongh (it will 
make its debut at next year's Paris 
Air Show), the A320 will have the 
most advanced airliner cockpit yet 
designed, with six huge, colour TV 
displays presenting all tiie informa- 
tion foie pilot requires. 

Graham Warwick 

Technical Editor. 

Flight International 

Itworitbe hard to find the most advanced jetliner at Famborough. 



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of the air today 

to airlines operating into 
JJi ( SSf K of ajrports sur- 
by ^wonmentally 
conscious communities. 

■ ARV Super 2 (Britain). 

322®.* "Jn" Rght plane 
being developed by a com- 
pany on the Isle of Wight 
headed by Richard NoSe, 
holder of the world land 
speed record in the jet car 
Thrust, 1 1 . The Super 2 was 
granted its certificate of 
airworthiness by the Civil 

Aviation Authority this sum- 

■ Other planes on show 
but not pictured here in- 
clude; the Sikorsky S-70C 
(United States). The version 
on show at Famborough 
will be a demonstrator re- 
engined with the Rolls- 
Royce RTM322. The S-7QC 
is the commercial version of 
the military Black Hawk 
helicopter. After an acrimo- 
nious debate, Sikorsky 
linked earlier this year witn 
the British helicopter com- 

• ‘ ” ,* "A; 

■ : ■ Sax 

pany Westland, and their 
hope is to sell the Black 
Hawk to the British armed 

■ Pilatus PC-9 (Switzer- 
land). One of the other main 
competitors in toe hotly- 
fought competition for toe 
RAF trainer contract, won 
by toe Tucano, from Brazil. 
This Swiss design was 
backed by .British Aero- 
space. The PC-0 has re- 
cently been sold to toe 
Royal Saudi Air Force. 

Defence systems: the 
big buck starts here 

British Aerospace ATP (Britain) 

.. i. 

British Aerospace EAP (Britain) 

Dassaatt-Bregnet Rafale (France) 

ARV Super 2 (Britain) 

The second half of this year has 
shown signs of returning confidence, 
as the aerospace industry of the West 
recovers from the early disasters of 
1986. In the history of space technol- 
ogy. the year will inevitably be 
recorded as the one of the space 
shuttle and Challenger disaster. - 

The failures that followed in quick 
succession of the next three rocket 
launchers — a USAF Titan carrying a 
Big Bird spy satellite, a Nasa Delta 
ivuh a weather satellite, and a 
European Arianc with a couple of 
communications payloads, took on a 
grimmer sense of decline in the 
shadow of the shuttle calamity. 

Yet there is a silver lining of sons. 
The grounding of the American space 
programme until furiher notice and 

Bai^ain flights for 
western countries 

the temporary halt in the European 
Arianc timetable gave cl bow room for 
fledgling competitors to show their 

In addition, the Soviet Union 
made an opportunistic attempt to 
capture some of the commercial 
business for bunching satellites. A 
new space agency called Glavkosmos 
was termed, offering baigain-price 
bunches to the West on its Proton 

Prices of about $18 million to $20 
million quoted initially for putting 
large spacecraft in the geostationary 
orbit was half that of Europe’s Ariane. 

The race to make 
money in space 

The Proton bunch prices undercut 
those of the American Delta by 
almost the same amount as they 
eroded the Ariane bids. 

Yet the statistics on the perfor- 
mance of Proton — seven failures out 
of 97 bunches since 1970. and no 
failures in the bsi 35 launches since 
January 1983 — show a remarkable 
parallel with Delia. The American 
launcher had 43 successful flights 
before the mishap, and its production 
run of well over 1 00 is clearly similar 
to the Russian counterpart. 

Though the oven moves of the 
Russians to help their economy 
through selling satellite launch ser- 
vices is dearly of political signifi- 
cance. their 'technical ability is 
beyond question. 

That is why the relative newcomers 
have created such interest. The 
biggest stir arose with the news that 
China's Great Wall Industry was 
wooing an American partner to use 
the Long March 3 launcher, which 
had evolved, like the most successful 
heavy duty American and Russian 
varieties, from missile work. 

A preliminary agreement between 
TercsaL a space technology company 
in Texas and the Chinese Great Wall 
Industry Corporation provides for 

communications satellite bunches in 

The Chinese marketing team is 
working its way through European 
countries, offering an alternative for 
commercial bunches now debyed in 
the Arianc timetable, or in more 
serious jeopardy because of the hiatus 
in the US. 

There arc at least a couple of 
fundamental issues of an economic 
nature and of a political one to be 

The Japanese can 
claim third place 

tested in deals with the Chinese. The 
first' concerns the financing of the 
insurance on launches. If cover can be 
obtained at all through the market in 
London and New York for bunch by 
any system, the premiums have gone 
through the roof. 

The second involves the lightening 
restrictions of the US government on 
the export of products which con- 
tained even one or two individual but 
technologically advanced compo- 

American officials have made it 
dear that before any satellite operator 

can take up the Soviet offer, it will 
have to win the agreement of Wash- 

The transport of any American- 
mode satellite component across the 
Soviet Union is banned, which 
virtually rules out any satellite built 
outside the USSR. 

The third competitor loomed in the 
shape of Japan, with the copybook 
bunch in August of its HI 
booster. With the rigour adopted to 
lay the foundations of its motor 
industry and then its electronics and 
semiconductor business, the Japa- 
nese National Space Development 
.Agency. NASD.A. has spent 15 years 
developing satellites and bunchers 
for a national programme. 

Though most of them are modest 
in size, the Japanese can claim third 
place after American and the Soviet 
Union in the number of satellites 
launched by one country'. Launchers 
have been developed in using tech- 
nology licensed from the US. 

Launch of the H 1 improved a good 
start to NASDA's 15-year space 
programme to' the year 2000. It 
includes the bunch of 50 satellites, 
mainlv for domestic use. collabora- 
tion with the US in the space station. 
Thai depends on the future of the 
shuttle. And on the development of 
Japan's own small reusable shuttle, 
similar to the French proposals for 
Hermes being examined by the 
European Space Agency. 

Pearce Wright 

■ . . Science Editor 

Anyone surveying the ex- 
hibition halls at Famborough 
will quicldv realize that de- 
fence is by far the most 
lucrative sector of the aero- 
space industry, and that mili- 
tary aircraft arc only a pan of 
the total. 

For those companies in- 
volved in all areas of defence, 
another gravy-laden train has 
pulled up. in the shape of 
President Reagan’s Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SD1 ). 
popuhrized as Start Wars. 

No one yet knows whether 
Star Wars will work — and 
there are many that doubt it 
will — but the industry' will 
prosper whether it does or it 
doesn’t work, such is the scale 
of the research contracts 
handed out by the SDI 
Organization. Likely these 
contracts will spin on technol- 
ogy into highly profitable 
commercial areas. 

Britain's -almost-unscemly 
haste to back Star Wars has so 
for been rewarded by a hand- 
ful of research contracts total- 
ling less than those awarded to 
some US companies, but 
more is promised. UR in- 
dustry will use Famborough 
as a showcase for its high 
technology talents in the hope 
of attracting at least some Star 
Wars research money. 

Europe in general 
undoubtabty has much to 
offer the US in Star Wars 
technology, particularly in the 
field of software. Here break- 
throughs arc often achieved by 
small, highly individualistic 
teams rather than by throwing 
vast sums of money at the 

Europe also has much to 
offer in the more mundane 
field of conventional weap- 
onry'. It has become almost a 
tradition in Europe to develop 
modem missiles on the "one 
big happy family" principle, in 
which as many countries as 
possible are encouraged to 
participate, with each allo- 
cated a share of the design, 
development, and production. 

Most of Naio's new weap- 
ons are being developed by 
one consortium or another. 
some involving up to seven 
countries, weapons such as the 
multiple launch rocket system 
(MLRS). the third-generation 
anti-tank guided weapon 
(Trigat) and the advanced 
short-range air-to-air missile 

(Asraami. While the various 
industries appear to work 
together reasonably effec- 
tively. inordinately long de- 
lavs have to be built into such 
programmes io allow for 
multinational decision-mak- 

National programmes can 
progress more rapidly, but in 
short programmes delays 
caused by technical hitches 
become critical — and visible. 
British Aerospace, which has 
warned of the dangers of 
spreading missile programmes 
too thinly, is in the position to 
evaluate both approaches. 
With its German partner. 
Bodcnsecwerk. BAe has been 
working on Asraam ter sev- 
eral years and has several 
more to wait before the 
weapon enters scrv ice. Mean- 
while the company is working 
on a three-year programme to 
develop from drawing board 
to service entry, an air- 
bunched anti-radar missile 

Alarm will join 
a growing suit of 
weapons Britain 
offers buyers 

(Alarm) to defend RAF Tor- 
nadoes against Soviet air de- 

Alarm will join a growing 
suit of weapons Britain can 
offer export customers, many 
of whom are denied access to 
equivalent US weaponry. The 
£5 billion Saudi Tornado deal, 
for example, includes an array 
of weaponry which en- 
compasses Alarm. B.Ae’s Sea 
Eagle anti-ship missile, and 
the Hunting JP233 anti-run- 
way weapon. 

France already appreciates 
the export-winning value of 
having a complete range of 
weapons to offer its Mirage 

One reason for Europe 
working together on missiles 
is that the individual nations 
often lack the resources to go it 
alone. It is not always possible 
to get agreement, however, 
which is one reason Europe 
has produced several compet- 
ing air-dcfencc missile sys- 
tems. with Britain’s BAe 
Rapier and the Franco-Ger- 
man Euromissilc Roland most 
successful among them. 

A new and unexpected mar- 
ket for these weapons opened 
when the US Defence Depart- 
ment cancelled the US Army’s 
Sgt York tank-mounted anti- 
aircraft gun after it failed 
realistic tests. Rapier. Roland, 
and many other such systems 
now have a chance to compete 
for the order. 

Repercussions of America's 
Challenger Shuttle disaster 
can be fell in almost every 
branch of aerospace, and de- 
fence is no exception. One of 
the most significant recent 
'developments in military 
navigation has been severely 
hit by the shuttle’s grounding. 

The l IS had planned to 
haw 1$ Navsiar navigation 
satellites in orbit by 19S9. 
These would transmit coded 
signals that any suitably 
equipped vehicle could re- 
ceive and decode. Signals 
from four or more satellites 
“visible" at one time would 
give position in three dimen- 
sions accurate to within 15 
metres — fcO m for civil use — 
anywhere in the world at any 
time of day. 

The military potential of the 
Navsiar global positioning 
system (GPS) is enormous 
and includes completely pas- 
sive. undetectable, and highly 
accurate navigation for cruise 

The Shuttle grounding, 
however, will delay establish- 
ment of the IS-saiclIitc 
Nav star “constellation" to 
1991-92 at the earliest. De- 
spite this. GPS receivers will 
be much in evidence at 
Famborough as UK com- 
panies like Racal Avionics. 
Smiths Industries, and STC 
set out to show that US giants 
Rockwcll-Collins and Liuon 
arc not alone in this poten- 
tially enormous market. 

TTic Navsiar saga highlights 
the difficulties of successfully 
exploiting space, for whatever 
purpose, a lesson that cannot 
have gone unnoticed by those 
in charge of President 
Reagan’s Strategic Defence 
Initiative. A straw poll of 
those exhibiting at 
Famborough would probably 
conclude that in a decade's 
lime conventional Earth- 
bound weaponry will still be 
the backbone of their 




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01-481 1066 


career choice 

Crossing the initial hurdle 



TRe ancient Japanese art of Bonsai uses subtle wiles and infinite pains to restrict tie growth 
of a potentially mighty tree Yet the same effect can be achieved on your career in management by quite the 
oDDOsite process. Bv cloimi little or nothing Which is why rt is so important to Cake action. And to do it 

'' -waftc'' .. ’9 

:,--V ‘ 

opposite process. By doing little or nothing. Which is why rt is so i mpoi t a nt to take action. And to do 
M ore the rot sets in. By enrolling (or better still, persuading your company to enroll you) on Henley's 
internationally recognised General Management Course 
Over the 8 gruelling but rewarding weeks of your 
stay at Henley, we will nurture your manage^ 
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All the skills you need to blossom 
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The second great 
advantage of those eight weeks 
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Comparing notes and getting 
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Think of it as a challenge 
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If you care enough about your future 
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With the battle still raging for entry into 
higher education this autumn it seems 
hard to believe that today the campaign 
commences for places in October 1987. 

University Central Council on Ad- 
missions opens its books for the 86/87 
season today (September I) and Ox- 
bridge applications must be in by mid- 
October. Given the current anxieties 
about grades and graduate employability 
h looks as if the race will be more hotly 
contested than ever. 

As one careers advisor commented: 
“There is a growing concentration of 
applications on a small group of subjects 
which are mostly vocationally-biased. If 
you're aiming foe one of those, then you 
must be prepared to work for very high 
grades indeed”. 

As the series of articles in The Times 
'revealed, the arguments in favour of 
higher education are by no means dear 
cut. A degree is not an a ut o m a ti c 
passport to a job and most employers 
will put more emphasis _ on an 
individual's personal qualities and 
experiences than mere paper qualifica- 

Notwithstanding this, there is hole 

t Vi'l •' • 1 1 • 1 9 • f I ' M’H i 

degree orientated. For example, it is 
either essential or at least a lot easier to 

r ,, ' 

- ' 


n. c . ^ 



LSiZ-.- : , -3 

education are not dear cat 

get into professions such as the law, 
accountancy, architecture, pharmacy, 
dentistry and medicine through, or after, 
a degree course. 

And, without question, gaining pro- 
fessional status in fields such as engineer- 
ing or science is much easier if you have 
a degree. Likewise there are coundess 
other jobs (such as librarianship, teach- 
ing, town planning, social work and 
housing management) where a degree 
fays the foundation for a future career. 

Naturally the bright entrepreneurial 
whiz-kid will always get on through sheer 
innate ability and energy. And un- 
doubtedly higher education (foes not suit 
all comers. Butin a more professionally 
.orientated society where, for example, 
new entrants to management and busi- 
ness are expected to have acquired skills 
. in computing and numeracy before they 
even start, the graduate trainee is sure to 
enjoy an enormous advantage. 

Even in the' fashionable, headline- 
.grabbing world of financial trading 
things are changing fast Under the new, 
post Big Bang regime, the street-wise 
. East Ender will gradually give way to the 
surburbanites whose pedigree lies more 
in statistics than in Stepney. 

In other words, unless you sincerely 
don't want to go to higher education the 
arguments in favour of rt, foam a career 
viewpoint, are overwhelming. 

• And that means if you're taking yonr A 
levels next summer your pass to higher 
education starts today. 

The first lag hurdle, without doubt, fa 
actually understanding the ap plication s 
system. The lade of coordination be- 

The first obstacle to 
higher education is 
understanding the 
complex application 
system- Edward Fennell 
considers how to solve 
some of these problems 

tween the various universities, poly- 
technics, colleges, and institutions 
means that you probably need to be of 
degree calibre just to find your way 
through all the bureaucracy. 

So the more help and weO-infbnned 
advice you can get, and the more 
experience and helpful your school or 
tutor, the better your chances of success. 
As one battle-hardened careers teacher 
explained: “The best way to fill in an 
UCCA form is fay making a dummy, 
fifirng it in, and then having serious in 

-V- olkAlrt <4 WHtll lfAlVT 

teacher. That gives you an opportunity 
to cover any weak points and to ensure 
there are no sally errors. Then go away ' 
and do it again for reaL" 

Unfortunately there is endless scope 
fin- discussion about tactics and strategy 
forthe higher education campaign. Often 
students' views are shaped by rumour 
and hearsay — much of which fa entirely 
ill-founded, and it is only fair to warn 
that some of the more simplistic guides 
to entry standards may be mfalrading. 
There certainly are “standard offers” but 
you cannot be sure dial you will get one. 

Some universities are now providing 
much dearer guidance about what their 
entry standards are and where they want 
to see themselves, in order of priority, on 
an applicants tern. For this reason 
prospectuses should be consulted is 

depth at an early stage so that every grain 

of information and every due fa ex- 
tracted before a course or coDege fa 

The reason that some admissions 
tutors are wary about publishing too 
much “blanket” i nfo rmation fa that they 
like to think that an individual decision 
fa being made. Selecting a person, not a 
formula of A level results, fa how they 
wish to see the process. 

Undoubtedly the way a candidate 
behaves at interview, the depth of 
preparation they have done, and their 
level of enthusiasm about the sutgect 
and the discipline are very important. In 
cases where a course fa heavily over- 
subscribed the personal attributes will be 
highly sfanificant. But, in practice, the 
most important currency fa the 
candidate's A level grades. 

So, regrettable and boring though it 
'may be, the best advice to anyone who 
wants to improve their chances ofgetting 
info a good course is to work hard and 
achieve excellent results. H***'**- even 
if, through some misadventure, you fail 

to get any provisional offers, a couple of 
As or Bs when it gets to Clearing this 
time next year will be invaluable. 

It would be a mistake, however, even 
for the readers of The Times , to assume 
that applications to universities through 
UCCA was the full story. It cannot be 
stressed enough that many polytechnic 
courses (and even some polytechnics as 
instihitions)areasgood if not better than 
their university equivalents. No-one' 
who is serious about higher education ■ 
should overlook what the polytechnics 
have to offer. 

The new Polytechnics Central Ad- 
missions System (PCA S) came into 
operation this year and follows a similar 
time-scale as UCCA — so applications 
for polys are open from next Monday. 
The chief difference between tbe two 
systems is that whilst UCCA allows its 
f -andidates to nominate five couraes in a 
preferred order, PCAS restricts its can- 
didates to four with equal consideration 
to all. 

For those who wish to enter initial 
teacher training there is a third ad- 
mission system, the Central Register and 
Clearing House Limited (CRCH). 

DalKpp mnfiidnahr this Cfflrm all RvK- 

elor of Education courses including those 
at the polytechnics. So if your preferred 

The best way to fill an UCCA 
form is to make a dummy 

courses — and you may choose up to 
three — areal polys you must go through 
CRCH (3, Crawford Place, London W1H 
2BN) rather than PCAS. 

The next major chunk of Degree 
courses are within the Institutes and 
Colleges of Higher Education. Many (but 
not all) of thee are basically teacher 
training institutions although they also 
offer other courses. Irritatingly, applica- 
tions for some of these must be made via 
CRCH while others are direct to the 
individual course. Don't overlook them 
though. In some instances they are 
offering some quite interesting and 
innovative subjects (for example, the BA 
in applied photography, film and tele- 
vision at Harrow College of Higher 
Education and the BSc in catering 
administration at Dorset Institute of 
Higher Education). 

Finally, for art and design degree 
courses there fa yet another system — the 
Art and Design Admissions Registry — 
which opens for business after 

If this all sounds like a plethora of 
administration you are probably right 
The time has certainly come when, in the 
interests of the candidates, there should 
be integration of all the applications 
systems to cut through the time-consum- 
ing paper-work. 

In foe meantime, however, you are at 
the start of a kmg and possibly painful 
journey. Do your rcseanfo now mid get 
all your applications in, where possible, 
by half-term. And then get down to the 
thing which really counts — a bit of 

✓ Competitive A levels ? 

✓ University Admission? 


66 Soutti 

on Row 
B m 


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✓ NOW 

44 Cromwell Road 

* Expat gtstance based 
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* The guarantee of 
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Telephone . 
or 0273-723911 

for I 

Also Davies's Mayfair W.1 

One year International Business Diploma 

The British School 
of Osteopathy 

PATRON hah. The Princess Anne. Mrs Marti PWBps. GCVQ 

Titer* is groat demand tor ft 
(i3VG yOU independent professional pro 

thMiiMhi the whole body as wefl as dta 

UHJUUIU many anas of the country pa 

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{Jrittsh Scboofl of Qfltooa 


Titer* is groat demand tor ttw services of Registered Osteopaths; trim are 
independent professional practfonars who are trained to consider the lunc ti ontog of 
the whole body as wefl as dopustog and heeling particular areas of mtifundkn. In 
many areas of the country patten* have to trawl tang dstancas to roach a 
Registered Osteopath - these gaps must be fltooL 

Tbe British School of Os teo pe tby has been in We s t m inister since 1917 and is now in 
specially adapted accommodation just off Ttafelgar Square. Tbe 4-year opoma 
Course inciudes a 4-ferm pra-dnicte course at least 2TO0 hours are spent in the 
Schoor s own out-pettem cMcs. M tuition to the cMcai course is infer the 
8H»r*atan of p r a cti si n g Registerad O s teo pat h s . 

Tbe B&Ol Diploma in Osteopathy. Holdens of the B&O. Dfpkmia 0X0.) era afigfato 
to apply for membership of the General Count* & Register of Osteopaths (MAO.). 
Admission raqu fc emsn te ate broady fee same as for degree couses -at least 2 
Atewais (inducing Chemistry and preferably Oology- and 3 O-tomts. Biby in 
September 198S to stfl possfata requirements and further dotals may be 
obtained bone 

Tin BMA School of Oskontey 
t/< Snftoft SSwf. towfoa SW1Y 4SG 
TekMose RV33S 9254 

PrMpat Sr Merman Uxtpa Hon. OEcL. HLSa, CGham. FJLSXt 


Faculty of English 

University Assistant Lecturer to taf® up ap- 
pointment on 1 January 1987, or as soon as 
possible thereafter. Applications are invited 
from persons with a special Merest in one or 
more of the following: 
the EngDsh language in any field relevant to 
the study of literature; Seventeenth Century 

>-:iVa.V II ■: I ra k! 11 1 1 1 1 XfL II 'Ll I 


17, Queensgate Place, 
Tel: (01) 584 7196 
(01) 584 1017 

1+2 year courses all boards 



HOTEL RECEPTION - Ten or Bwe weeks. 

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a tentt ite West anrwma Mnst ret (&ez) aim 

Independent BtbFonn College. 
A- Level in all subjects. Re- takes 
and one two year programmes. 
The college has excellent 
facilities, and an international 
reputation for first-rate tuition. 


The Secretary. I — 

Cambridge Seminars, 

4 Hawthorn Way Cambridge. (0223) 313464 

U ymcv'v^jtrr Ktogwate House 



GCE O & A Levels and Retakes 
Business, Computing A Secretarial Courses 
Smafl Group and Individual Tuition 
Examination Centre - GCE. RSA (Nov*Jorn<June) 
Highly Qualified and Expfalencad Tutors 
Educatoonal and Careers Advisory Service 

KeashK^on CoBne, 41A Kmsbntm High Street 
LuutaLTetaphoac: 01 937 8886 


nemeOetm impest 



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Rmgattiteoicauiar . 

pi 1 J London 
/ Montessori 
w Centre 

OcotT IS Bo Merton St. 
London WtV tT<j0r-4930l6S 


%DI JUNE 85 

% IN JAN 86 
















Pan Rate 



Prespecfas fraa; 7hs Regitirar, Nfades Shsiy CsAv, 
73 Gsonfa Street, Oxford 0X1 2BQ. 

Tel: (0865) 245172, 249349 

l ffAHD t 6!W/EL 8ESD87 

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A sale nmp of canes ri 4( 
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LAW? ' 


at Bsfamdsre Btwsfeess 
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(6865) 251982/512021 
CM bn) 


* OdwtfgeBrtrama.A.D 
Level January ArtS 1-2 year 

* Labcrasnes {breach 
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* tuition m small groups. 

» FeraMflceSq. Undos W24H) 



snart Ijwg m y 

Wad Processor Tannins 
En^sfa for Overseas 


Resident & Ibv Students 

2 Arkwright Road, 
Tdepbone: 01435 9831 



The appofotment wffl be for three years, with 
the possibility of reappofotmem tor two 
years. Unweraty Assistant Lecturers are con- 
sidered for possible appointment to the offioe 
of University Lecturer during the course of 
their tenure. 

The pensionable scale of stipends is £8^05 a 
^ear^rising by four annual increments to 

Applications (9 copies), including a curricu- 
lum vitae and specific areas of teaching 
offered, together with the names of not more 
than three referrss, should be sent to the 
Secretary erf the Appointments Commrtte for 
the Facufor-of English, 9 West Road, Cam- 
bridge, CE33 9DP, so as to reach him not later 
than 8 October 1986. 



The Governing Council invite 
applications for the post of Head of 
Arnold School to take effect from 
1st September 1987. 

Application Forms and further 
details can be obtained from the 

Clerk to the Governors, 
Arnold School, 

Blackpool FY4 1JG. 


Department of Food Science 
and Technology 

Applications invited far a Leuiueship n coend and 
wsthi n g and i riBMrrt i in cereal iricncc and rmAi d m* 

with strengths in other areas caa be considered. The appointment 

is far a fixed term of five yean, iutid salaiy in the range £Sj020 to 

£11.279 pj. (under review) pins USS/U5DPS benefits. Further 
pwnwfanjBid anpfcaxian farms (2 copies) ate arahbte fiom the 
Penoond Officer. Unwasity ofRemdin*. WhiieknightL P n. Box 


tpxrie Re£ AC lil< Onrin g dote 19 Srp***** I9g& 


Ora term and ora year courses with emphasis on 
written presentation m exam condtkms. 

written presentation In exam condHons. 

Afl Boards and Subjects are offered, and the axsnina- 
tton record is excafient. 

Pmi m ei itni ' 

20, WarnboroMh Rd, Oxford. 

TEL OXFORD ( 0865 ) 56311 and 513738 


Srad-jpaep tudon tor Mds ooge 
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acconraodabni Mdtble. 


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COURSES REVIEW 01-481 1066 

fV ;*i . >>, 


I1B? - BSc (Econ)? N 


‘A’ Level Grades need not hold you bade! 


Umdon University^ Bachdor of Laws degree, or foe new 

Bachelor of Science degree which now specialises in 
Accountancy/Management Studies/Banlting, Thde & Industiy/ 
Economics arc of astapdarti exactly parallel with fog- internal 
degm of the University 

Entry. 2 Mi grade D(LLB) or EfBSc) for our Fuli/Part- time 
courses in London this October and Correspondence Courses. 


V v > 

H«)].l;i)RN ]..\U Tl Toks 

A Levels counselled by Brian Heap 

Our courses integrate excellent academic standards with the 
best careers counselling ensuring the best choice of university 
or college.' 

CALL NOW ON: 01-385 3377. 

Or write for M details to Dept EX 

Other courses offered by the Hofbnrn Jmn 7 htnrv group nf 

^ Sodety ‘ I0 % A CM,icMA?icsA,^ 










Final Parti 




Final Part n 









The College congratulates its students on the excellent results 
achieved especially the many students who joined our courses 
w0ithemimmum A’ level entry of 2 grade D’s. 

Fbr details write to: The Registrar; Dept EX, HoDjorn Law Tlrtors, 
200 Greyhound Road, London W14 9RY. This 266386. 




The College proposes, if suitable candidates 
present themselves, to elect two Junior Re- 
search FeBows fm Science) and two North 
Senior Scholars (in any academic subject), 
from the 1st October 1987. The College wfu 
not normally consider candidates who at that 
date will not have completed a first degree or 
■who in the case of app&cants tor the Junior 
Research Fellowships wffl be over 28, and for 
Senior Scholarships will be over 25. The Fek 
towships and Scholarships are open to men 
and women. A candidate may be considered 
for both Fellowships and Scholarships. 

A Junior Research Fellow win receive a sti- 
pend of £5740 a year (under review), be 
entitled to lunch and dine at tfigh Table with- 
out Charge and win, if unmarried, be given 
free rooms or, if married, a housing aUow- 

years, with a possibility of re-election for a 
further year. 

The North Senior Scholarships wffl be tenable 
for two years in the first instance but will be 
renewable for a third year. EMgibifity wifl nor- 
mally be restricted to UK graduates who at 
the time of election are in receipt of gradu- 
ate awards covering the period 1987-88. 
Successful candidates will be required to 
work for a higher degree of the University 
under a supervisor appointed by a Faculty 
Board. The value of the Scholarships will be 
equal to the rate for awards from Government 
agencies, plus academic fees, less the value 
of the award held at election. All Senior 
Scholars have the right to dine at High Table 
once a week in Full Term and will be entitled 
to 3 free room in College. 

Further particulars and forms of application 
may be obtained from the College Secretary. 
Completed application forms' should be sent 
to the College Secretary as early as possible 
and not later than tiie 10th October 1986. 




The Governors of Haileybury Junior 
School invite applications for the post of 
Head from 1 September 1987 following the 
retirement of The Rev. PJRLLL Morgan. 
Further particulars and. a form of applica- 
tion may be obtained from The Secretary . 
to the Council, HaDeybury, Hertford, SG13 

XJnivef sity of 

Do you have foe motivation to complete 
your degree in two years and build upon 
your l A’ level achievements? If so, find out 
more about studying as an undergraduate 
at the University of Buckingham, 

Britain's only chartered independent 

Degree courses commencing January 1987 
are available in the following subject areas: 

* Accounting and Fi nan ci a l 

4c Business Studies 

* Economics 

* Law 

* Biology— 

* Computer Science— combined 

* English* History* Politics 

* European Studies and Modern 
Lang uages — 5 options - 
(October 1986 start in Europe). 

We are not in UCCA dealing and we 
interview all premising candidates who 
can offer at least two ‘A’ levels. 

Interested? Then 

The Admissions Office,. 

The University ofB n ek mgh a m , - 

Buckingham MKlS 1EG. 

Please send me a Prospectus and 
Application Form. 

Course choice: — 1 



Irs Your Future: 

Invest in your future with a DEGREE or HIGHER NATIONAL 
DIPLOMA course at BIHE. 


• It is situated dose to attractive countryside 

• Bolton has many historical buildings and sites 

• There are many cultural and social activities 

• Easy access to Man Chester .the Coast and the Lake District 


• A friendly atmosphere where everyone counts 

• A significant national and international reputation 

• A well qualified staff who care about you and your future 

• Am pie sportsand leisure facilities 

• Close links with industry 


Honours/Degrees In: 

Civil Engineering, Electronic Engineering, 

Psychology, Humanities 
BTECHNDsin: . 

Civil Engineering, Building, Electrical & Electronic Engineering, 
Business Studies, Computer Studies, Art & Design, Textiles, 
Mechanical & Production Engineering, Computer Aided 
Engineering, and Automobile Engineering. . 

Telephoneor writeto: Denise Farrington on 
extension 3013 to ensure your piacefor1986. 

Bolton Institute Of Hk>er Education 

Deane Road, BOLTON BL35AB ■■■■ 
Tel: Bolton (0204) 28851 ■■■■■■■ 



Congratulates all the A & O level students who did so well in 
the June exams and invites applications from any student 
who is keen to sit or resit next January or June to visit the 
College next week to meet subject teachers and see how 
Albany College can help you. 

Arts & Humanities 
23/24 Queens Road, 

London NW4 2TL 

Telephone 01-232 5965/202 9748 

Maths & Science 
Hendry House 
413 Hendon Way 
London MW4 3LJ 



GCE Results? 

A V f r-.Gr -A S S R A T E 


23 Coffingham Gardens, Kensington London SW5. Tel: 01-370 0739 
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Excellent, exam results. 



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Canford School 



Appointment of 


The Governors wish to appoint a 
successor to the present Bursar who is 
retiring. The new Bursar should be 
available to start in September 1987. 

and a form of application may be 
obtained from foe Secretary to foe 
Governors, c/o The Allied Schools, 42 
South Bar Street, Banbury. Oxon OX16 
9XL- (Telephone (0295) 56441). 
Closing date for applications, Monday, 
22nd September, 1986. 


One A-level can lead 
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Our HND courses prepare students 
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To confirm your place phone I 
our Admissions Unit on 
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Slough College of Higher Education, 
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COURSES COMMENCE: in January, June 
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UC mi — 


Official French Government Establishment 
Native French teachers - high quality courses 

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Id Tet 01-589 6211, Ext 42 . 

■ ■ k 01-581 2781, Ed 21 


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5 Grosvenor Gardens 
London SW1W 0BD 
01-630 7771 

Wkbstar Uohmtxfiy: SL Loris, Go bow. LeUeii, Loodeo. Vietna. 

The longest established tutorial 
college in Cambridge preparing 
students for O and A level 
examinations. Retake 
courses are offered. Good 
student facilities and 
approved accommodation. 

For fiinhor in forma non plaw 
telephone or «rme l« 
ij The Secretary. 

St Andrew, Private 

Tutorial Came. 2 a Free School Lane. 

Tare brute: CB2 XU. 

Telephone: |022J>^ UMO/64632 

The Newnham Sixth T’orm-Centre 
Cambridge . 

A cucdmiional wxih form coOcrc in ccnual CombridR. The 
eollcgr prepam nudenu for A hrvcb ora mi More of O and A 

levels. OnbridRc Enuancc courses and 
retake courses commencing m Sepiembcr 
and January are also offered. Good 
accommodation is available. . . 

For Anther refor ma tion 
please contact: 

The CoUCRe Secretary. 

The Newnham Sixth Form Centre. 
29 Barton Road. 

Cambridge CBJ 9LB. 

Telephone: 10211) b77.W/677«. 




tai tun mdmm Heratml «*•». Sana Muon 
~DMj*nc6. • lanoa oi eo - 

. Om comoutar tammi 

Director of AdmfawiDits, 
Lansdownn Se cwM r te l Cote 
43 Hn ington Gardira, London « 
Tab 01-379*7282/3/4 


OKA Lavel Rotates 
Recognised Budnaos 
Commardal Engfotfi 
Ham Sudy CourtM 

73 King sto n Rood. Oxford, 
0X2 «&Tofc(086S* 53148 



SL Aktau I year O ton) 

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■ you hr an HEA recagnstd 
tMoni n wogtts, eatul MmQ 
and tuemsc to raslc contact 
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Loadoa Ceatm YHCA, 
112 Grati Rttssdl SL, 
LudM WC1B 3HQ 


ruu nUUn, kiLiKkctory and 
Post tas&fea (re-awta- 
tnn) Courses. Ptacas aateable 
Mr 1986 tttft. 

The Blatdtheatii ' 
School of Art _ . 
01-852 3960. 


COtAXOC \arlota eogriM curt 
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Mr* Haip. «. WrOHTDv Cdni, 

6W5. 01-374 SB6S 

Cwdaiari on next pay 


•Y? Ssv?. 



BIRMINGHAM MW 'Jil l \7ntiW m 

Centre for Russian and 
East European Studies 


Applications are invited from specialists 
in the above fields or from those 
specialising in other related aspects of 
contemporary Soviet affairs who would 
welcome the opportunity to re-orfentate 
their research and teaching interests. 
This post will be funded initially by the 
Ministry of Defence and thereafter it will 
be taken over and financed by the Uni- 
versity. Particular emphasis in the job 
specifications is placed upon research 
and postgraduate teaching, with the ulti- 
mate aim of adding to the core of 
national expertise in Soviet defence-re- 
lated studies and contributing towards 
the training of a new generation of Brit- 
ish academic specialists in this 
important policy area. 

The appointment may be made at either 
the Lecturer or Senior Lecturer level, de- 
pending upon the seniority and qualifica- 
tions of applicants. (Salary on Lecturer 
scale £8,020 to £15,700 or Senior Lec- 
turer scale £14,870 to £18,625, plus 

Further particulars on the post are avail- 
able from Mr. A F Evans, Senate 
Registry. University of Birmingham, P O, 
Box 363, Birmingham B15 2TT to whom 
applications (3 copies) - including full 
curriculum vitae and names of three ref- 
erees - should be sent by Friday 12 
September 1986. 





Post becomes available upon the award of a 
Wellcome Senior Lectureship to a member of 
the department (Dr D. Eisner) and is tenable 
from 1 October 1986. 

Department has research interests ranging 
widely in the Physiological Sciences, cell and 


Chance Chair of 





* m 





at the 


the Department of Mechanical Engineering 
in succession to to late Professor 
S. A Totes. 

Salary in Ihe professorial range, plus 

Fimher particulars awatobie from the 
Yice-ChanceBoi; University of 
BimJjghain, PXL Bex 363, Birmingham 
B15 ZTT, to whom appHcations 
(15 copies: 1 from overseas appgcants ) 
» should be 

submitted by 

HE a 24 October 1986. 

AnEqutf Opportunities 

ence students. 

Salary will depend on age, qualifications and 
experience on the scale £8020 - £15700 + LA 
of £1297. Preference given to applicants be- 
low the age of 31. 

Further information is available from 

Miss L Rosser, 

Department of Physiology, UCL, 
Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT. 

IE 6BT. 

Applications, inc. names and addresses of 3 
referees, to Head of Department who will also 
be happy to receive informal enquiries - tel: 
01-387 7050 ext 3208. 

Closing date: 21 September 1986 



£8,754 - £15,723 including 
London Allowance (under renew) 

Applicants should be numerate physical geogra- 
phers with a particular interest in remote sensing 
and geographic information systems. 

This post is permanent and will he available 
from January 1987. 

Application forms and farther details are 
obtainable from: The Personnel Office, 
Kin gston Polytechnic, Pemrhya Road, 
Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE. 
Tel: 01-549 1366, ext 505. 

Closing date: 30 September 1986. 




Department of Adult 
and Continuing 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified gradu- 
ates for the luH-time, permanent post of STAFF TUTOR 

Salary on the scale £8,020 - £15,700 with super- 

Applications (3 copies) naming three referees should 
be sent by 18 September 1986 to the Registrar, Old 
Shire HaN. Durham. DH1 3HP. from whom further par- 
ticulars may be obtained. 


Senior tectnresbip In Medicine 

Applications are invited for the post of Senior Lec- 
turer in the Department of Medicine, University 
Hospital. Nottingham. Applicants should have wide 
experience in general medicine, research aid teach- 
ing and should also have special skills and interest 
in the field of cardiovascutar medicine and investiga- 
tive cardiology- It is anticipated that in accordance 
with previous practice, the successful c an didate wM 
be offered an honorary consultant contract by the 
Nottingham HA. Salary will be on the consultant 
scale with appropriate arrangements for 

Professors J R A Mitchell and J H Hampton (Tel 
0602-700111 Extensions 3253 and 3448) will be 
pleased to discuss the post with Intending 

Further information and a form of appfleation may 
be obtained from: 

The Deputy Registrar and Faculty Secretary, 
Faculty Office, Queen’s Medical Centre, 
Nottingham NG7 2UH 

to whom completed applications should be 
returned by 26th September 1986. 


01-481 1066 

ruRiinwd from page 29 

St. Ebfae's 
College Oxford 

Why retake 

Pfvrn! Comrrwftis 

"Ret J* «iq e> a small <jiour ■ lave 
Rir-imv jRTLilrro *4 lr\et>4iul 
brnei'jialrs 1 " 

“F nmdt, th-fpiui Jail jnd loHof 

■joodc.H'.i-r-. jrf.Kr Fjoujic:" 

UnMiw jful ve motived tui£e. 

If job loo would Ike to 
Improve your gr a de s nmUtt: 


414 4-r -°T In 

SffiBW IllSt 
C‘- ►- 1 s-( ill Coioir 

O'— Sr— IATV 1 , ill Sow 1 
F- ->■«) tutt 
;i> ' m iJooru COdTie 
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i- i- »-- —re. 1 Art & OdUS 

• ' . _■< 

, .r.~ Uf JT Swr.Ta 


si =M qi ; t 

at Belvedere Bussmess 
Coflege, 3 Cnlitas St. 

(0865) 251982/512021 
<24 hn) 


Extra Mini and 
Return to Study 
Courses for Adults. 

01-253 3268 



3-terra Enctetee Seoetml Cana 
Emnes September. January 
and Apnl. Please write or 
tetaohone tar pmsoeesus. 
IS Dunrawm Street 
Park Lone, London W1Y 3FE 
Tab 01-629 2SM 

* O LEVEL TumOM. C290 prr 
wm pri 'ubnvl AffMnmwla 
i.on j.jiIjIW Oilnd lulon 
rwoi 7-Td-ro. 41 ban St 


rrtlrw. 2- Zi Qurertsbem, 
PLk- 1 - lonenn SWT SOS 
Pkr<**r >«l nr ,-r iHnUmr tar 
pr<»pr*iu» 01 tta&3 Of Ol 
SSI w. 


Mirtur i. ♦ AHMQeeGCE 



'New Mira** 

am am Ho 


An Fliuui 
ffltw faftri 



fl Soap fate Start teW Ml 


GCF. 1 raunn and «n> 
trim rrsii* ResidMiiiai Pro- 
MmiK 36 Undsilownr Hd 
Bnfioad COM in 157 
■KTVRHAT1QMAL pro«e pan 
irMiNofui Lmieruti ofim 
drqrm la mid career uauta 
mcr 26. entirely at name and 
wiin lull rredta rar Wr/w tw 
f-MKrirnre Prospectus from 
Oral T Mil GUison A. Co .Siua- 
nun htafrth COlO oEQ 


Chair of English 
Studies and 
Headship of 
the Department 
of English 
Language and 

Appfcatmns are invited tar the Chair of 

, English tidies aid HeadshipoJ the 
■ Department of Bigtefi Language and 
|\ Literature, which will became vacarrt from 
1 0ctober 1987 on the retirement of 
, Professor J.T. Bouton. 

I Salary in professorial range, plus 

FtirBw partiettiars available from the 
Vice-Chancellor, University of 

B152TT to whom applications 
(15 copies: 1 from 

stKjuKi do suommea 
by 22 October 1986. 

An Equal Oppoflurwes 

University off Nottingham 

Department ef Metallurgy and 
Materials Science 

Two Temporary Lectureships 

The University Is seeking to appoint two lec- 
turers to undertake teaching duties In the 
department, initially for periods of one and 
three years. The three year appointment has 
arisen because one of the present members 
of staff has been awarded a senior Research 
Fellowship, which wfU run for at least the next 
five years. Candidates for this appointme n t 
should have a general interest to the area of 
mlcrostructur e-property relationships, experi- 
ence with non-metalEc materials would be 
particularly welcome. (Ref. 1063) 

The second appointment is in conjunction 
with the Department of Production Engineer- 
ing and Production Management and is 
supported under the Teaching Company 
Scheme. Applicants should have Intwest in 
materials processing and manufacturing for 
this post (Ref 1064) 

The successful candidates win be encour- 
aged to pursue their own research and, 
where possible, to teach final year options in 
related topics. 

The appointments wW be made on the lec- 
turer scale (£8,020 - £15,700) though Ref. 
1063 win be made initially within the range 
£8,020 - £11.275. 

Further particulars and application 
forms, returnable not later than 
12th September 1986, from the 
Staff Appointments Officer, 
Univasity of Nottingham, 
University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD. 




Applications are invited for a SENIOR 
DEMONSTRATORSHIP tenable for three 
years from October 1986, to take responsibil- 
ity f or the electrical and control laboratories 
and limited lecturing duties. 

Applicants should possess a first degree in 
electrical or controT engineering and prefera- 
bly a postgraduate qualification or equivalent 
industrial experience and the appointee wwl 
be encouraged to participate in one of the 
existing related research areas. 

Initial Salary in toe range of £7,055 - £9,495pa 
on Grade 1A/B with superannuation. 

Applications should be sent by 
22 September 1986, to the Registrar, 
Science Laboratories, South Road, 
Durham, DHl 3LE 

front whom further particulars may be obtained. 

1987 AWARDS 

The University offers a number of scbobntiips each war w 
BMtsl students m undenaknm the degree of Master of the Doctor 
of nukaophv degree at d» University. Noo-Aiatnliaa aauaa- 
afcs may aPW- 

The scholarship stipend is SA7.000 per airanm far up to feur 
years (Hi J>.| and two yean CMasEers). Esabfabmeni and de- 
pendant allowances ait payable. . . 

Apfdkauoos far l°B7 sdeemoa dose an 31 October i486. Apcteanon 
Anns and addumal iBfarmaimi may be obtained from fisc AssSsSBot 
Btriitnr (Bnonh), OfiSsr far Renmdb UnmniR of IWbnm. 
taMUe. Victoria. AmaaBa J05Z. or the Aaandadoa af Ca—io 
wcakh UnlwmMfca (Appti). 3b Cardan Senate. Lands WC1H «PF. 

Posts _ 

Research Assistant 

A-nKatMiE are mwwd from a^tHy quaMed yadu gfea or 
for tnejwst of Research Assent* tana«o 
years. The post U wsooatod Mm ALVEV 

S SwSees) shSu bo sent »= 

no later than 26 Septwntw 1906. 


Inoepefftfent owducatitmal fftwfiy bo3™mg senoot, 11 - 18 

vevs 650 boys, 210 girls. 

English Grafuate reguked iwJar^^ 

the aae range, up to umwslty entrance. Dost « a rasoentaf 

or«rand& are expofrO to play a Ml part in the life rf tte 

Applications with a Ml airicutom vitae and the names at ten 
referees ta- 

The Head Master's Secretory 
Christ’s Hospital. 

West Sasaut. BH 137LS 
Tel: 0403 S2547 
from whom further details dthe 
and the school can be obtama 

Specialist Training 

ONnasnr of OM M uaiw 

Garin to Santo 

nt faH Ftorreus tlrilei 

m nwM iw M igaantY 
AsDiauns *r maw tom neorisK m 
lk mm h«s a twrrtwa wntanj 

n mmh muds ai trimm 
Smi Allan >M xmH arieM «a 
mnnaMv n o aa w tor ncawi 
mfl Mctaq IMS Tbi pm to h 
Mri are* nr ttc Itorinr id DXwea 
M menibsr n to h uto o*» urn 
hovnd Dr me umnfr Pamtuar 
mm *i me pm sKfca« a pfacta 

iM SMiionn Md qa 
joebart* ISMrr on 



by M-A. (Comb) tar GCF. 
Oxcndar nuranev and »v vr 
IBiH wort:. Tel: Ol 906 4380 
W S TOWT O.AA Level TritMo 
by ocperMnced leadwr and 
examiner Tel: Ol 769 8345. 
PRIVATE TUI r KJM all sunfccu/ 
leve<s/av« O/A levels CSC re- 
vMon 01-435 2910. 



Sera* Bnion/Sctoce 
TeaEftr at fiaefcng Grammer 
School seeks UJL ewawre* 
138//8. Bas^BntoilWm 
40 mdes tram Heiboinie. 

Coatact Hr J 6oes< 

01-937 2007 

Queens Road. Hendon. London 
NVV4. Owing ta excepn on aHy 
good results. enilwisusuc 
SHIM Teodiem or Law and 
Chentaby are remdred. Pan 
lime. Fltode hours. Omiaa 
Secretary on Ol 302 9748 


topfcriknt in united tar the Nn Am of Wesson* Assoant 
a n» Uptama Cause CaantBSu. 

Camfidries sftaN be Graduates and Pnrterataly Trained Traders 
(Seconday or FI.)! 

B ralrae m a luming enWomwit induing Cause 
Managamem dearabte. 

Appfcabans from those wf» Ium retired arty would bowicunad. 
Salary riWn the nnge £6JOO-fll.OOO pa. 

Further parti enters from the Principal, 
1/4 Suffolk Street London SW1. 

(Tet (01) 930 9254) 

{ H 870 n t »» 6Z5 pfea HririM 
R/ttopnctorsonMsos aim 
Imn Mr A f twos Sm* fatory. 
UMtftt, m Unto*. P0. to 361 

hMMi to 7TT U rimm atoanM, 
(3 capes) • totofl h# amtota 
to ramas ol one ntaws ■ toddte 



We are recruiting experienced and qualified 
Native Speaker - Language Trainer (TEFL) - 
For a dient in the Frankfurt Area. Applicants 
(C. 28-46 Years) should have a solid back- 
ground in Language Teaching (RSA, 
PEGCE/TEFL, MA, APP.UNG.), knowledge of 
German and possibly a current driving 


Trainers will be employed by EURO- 
private language school organisation in West- 
feemrany and wiH work on a permanent 
contract starting January 1987. 

Applications with C.V and recent photograph 





Lectureship ie Operational 
Research and Systems 

Have a strong academic background, tha ability to con- 
tnbute io research, and be aUe to offer teaching in 
quantitative methods at undergraduate and postgradu- 
ate level Practical experience woUd be wi advantage. 

The appotittment would tie made on the lecturer' scale: 
£8.020 - £15.700 under review, and would Da with effect 
from 1 October 1988 or by arrangement 

AppB ca tion forms and further particulars are avaBabfe 
from The Registrar. University of Warwick, Coventry 
CV4 7 aL (0^3 523827). quoting reference number 
3/3A/86/J. Closing date for applications 23rd 
September. 1988. 



Applications are invited for the Headship of Her- 
eford Cathedral School from 1st September 1987. 

The School is independent, co-educational, day 
and boarding 11-18 and provides the Choristers. 

Further details from the Clerk to the Governors, 
Cathedral School, Hereford HRl 2NN. Closing 
date 30th September, 1986. 


Leading London Tutorial College requires young 
enthusiastic graduates to teach the above sub- 
jects and ‘O' and ’A’ level on a part-time basis. 

Phone: 01 373 5432 for application form. 

Legal Appo in tme n t s 

badenoch & Clark 



continued expansion In tfw Litigation Department, We act on behalf of a variety of clients In locations 

dmg City finn cunendy has positions for young throughout the UK. mdutfing foe Home Counties. East 

us Lawyers who arekeen to wotU ona raro of Angfe. foe Midlands. Sou* West and foe North. Wte are 

w«k in this demanding environment. Candidates. keen to hear from all Sobotore and in particular those 

II have excellent academic backgrounds and up to seeking openings in litigation and conveyancing. Attractive 

sar post admissio n exp erience can expect highly salaries are on offer to candidates with up to five years post 

rtiw rewards and prospects. qualification experience. 



From £20,000 + Substantial Benefits 

sit of our dient. a meefiurr sued City practice, we are _ , . . _ 

ig a Senior Assistant for foe Tax department Our dient a subst antial U 5 Investment bank seeks above 

with Banking and Insolvency related tax. VAT. average qualified Solictors for its expanding corporate 

ny reorganisations and tax related litigation, there finance and capital markets divisions. Applicants should 

k good range of micresting cases and no element of have at least second class honous degrees and ideally 

il tax. The ideal applicant udfl be a Solicitor or relevant post qualification experience In a maior City 

r with several years relevant experience. ACAs. practice. ExceHent communication skills are necessary, and 

setors or Customs and Excise Officers would also be candidates must be able to demonstrate a good 

red. ExceDent financial rewards. appreciation of the nature of Ihe woek involved. 

For details of these and Mher positions, please contact Jota Cnlhro.JiuBlfa Farmer or LtoaWifaon. 

amn&ous Lawyers wno are keen to wore on a range at 
quality work in this demanding environment. Candidates, 
who will have excellent academic backgrounds and up to 
three year post admission experience can expect highly 
competitive rewards and prospects. 


£25.000 -£30.000 

On behalf of our dtent a medium sized City practice, we are 
recruiting a Senior Assistant for foe Tax department 
Deabng with Banking and Insolvency related tax. V/AT. 
Company reorganisations and tax related litigation, there 
will be a good range of micresting cases and no element of 
personal tax. The ideal applicant will be a Solicitor or 
Barrister with several years relevant experience. ACAs. 
ex- Inspectors or Customs and Excise Officers would also be 
considered. Excellent financial rewards. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 


West fiermasy 



Scholarships for PhD 
Degree Courses 

Persons who hold, or expect to hold, a bach- 
elor degree with at least upper second -dass 
honours or equivalent from a recognised Uni- 
versity and who have a capacity for research, 
are invited to apply for Austrafian National 
University PhD Scholarships, tenable over a 
wide range of subjects in toe Humanities and 
the Physical, Medical, Chemical, Biological, 
Earth and Social Scie nces . Scholar ships are 
available in arty of the departments or units of 
the Institute of Advanced Shxfies which con- 
sists of Research Schools of Physical 
Sciences, Biological Sciences, Mount 
Stromto and Siding Spring Observatories, So- 
da! Sciences, Pacific Studies, Chemistry, 
Earth Sciences and the John Curtin School of 
Medical Research; of toe Faculties of Arts, 
Asian Studies, Economics and Commerce, 
Law and Science; or in one of the University 

Scholarship Benefits. The basic stipend pay- 
able is currently SA7167 per annum (tax free) 
with additional allowances for dependants 
and housing assistance for married scholars. 
In addition, return economy-standard air 
fares and a grant towards removal expenses 
are normally provided. (The latter will not be 
provided for Australian citizens overseas who 
are eligible for Commonwealth Government 
Research Awards.) 

Tenure. Scholarships are normally tenable for 
three years and may be taken up at any time 
of the year. 

There is no set closing date, but applicants 
from outside Australia are advised to apply at 
least six months before they expect to be 
available to take up a scholarship, ff offered. 

FuH particulars and a pp li c ati on forms are 
avaflable from the Registrar, The Austrafian 
National University, GIP.O. Box 4, Canberra, 
A.C.T. 2601, Australia, or from the Associa- 
tion of Commonwealth Universities (Appts), 
36 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PF. 



NMR Imaging of Solids 

A studentship leading to the award of a PhD is available 
frwn 1 October 1986 to cany out a program of theoretic^ 
and experimental work to develop techniques of imaging 
solid materials using nuclear majnetic resonanceTihe 
protect is funded by the British Technology Group. The 
successful applicant will join a large group concerned with 
me development and applications of NMR techniques. 
Candidates should possess a good degree in Physics ora 
related discipline. 

Rirfoer infonnatiTn can be obtained from Dr P J 
MjflonahL Department of Physics, University of Surrey, 
&Biford. Sumy. GU2 5XH. to whom applications in the 
torm of a cv with the names of two referees should be 


c. £18,000 per annum 

We are seeking a lawyer with at least five years local government 
experience to lead a team of lawyers and provide an advisory 
service to committees and line managers in all of toe Council's 
departments. Also to ensure that toe Council is property repre- 
sented at Courts and Tribunals. 

The postholder will be expected to take a leading personal role in 
toe more sensitive cases and appear occasionally for toe Council 
at County and Magistrates' Courts, Tribunals, Appeals and be- 
fore toe Registrar in the High Court 

The post is graded at the top of the National Principal Officers 
Range 2. 

Formal applications by brief letter and C.V. with the names of two 
referees to toe Head of Personnel & Productivity Services, Lon- 
don Borough of Croydon, Tabemer House, Park Lane, Croydon, 
CR9 3JS. Closing date: 17th September 1986. 

informal enquiries to Mrs HalKgey, Senior Assistant Controller 
of Administration on 01-686 4433 Ext 2314 (or the Controller on 


An equal opportunity employer I m 



S*c/P4 SH/wp + Adman natti- 
ly MUM be unflappable. 
C9.00O4- + . Call 938 1846 

Mauartark Aqv. 

MMHTS H1 PCB. Beauty -troM 
ASwbrt! Ctt l^nenlatipn 4 
muU Lon oT lanrty £7.000- 
£7.900. CaU 938 1846 

Maaenonc Aqy 

HttUBMIlfG Audio 2nd loBber. 
ramoui Co Ewiimo and Busy 
autHKphmr. Fanustic opponu- 
ruly. CT.500C8.000. Call 938 
1846 MasHTtoCK <*9y 
TUTOiBAL Cm tree Adnunfe- 
iralor. Sntn wtaa iKUWay. 
Good lypmq plus A tavcK. 
£7500 ♦. Call L»nn Lau 01 
4B6 6981 B«. Con. 

17* Very lartad day in tarty 

Pn-KHiiM>< slfm. c. £5.000. 
Gotml Cardan Bureau. IlO 
FWrt Si- EG4. 363 7696. 
a vote sbc/fa. s/h. f«- 

4* H AM SWi Gnod np. qroal 
urns. To Woodnocae 
fiw Cans 01-404 4646 
COLLECX LAAVDt ■ n> imtiranoa 
JO £8,000 Suits BO/SO win 
MHlily Id rvpa Frcrwn 6 Smu- 
nil Potiqol Aomry 2«7 5242 
JUNIOR H>n»in«nn Co 
Ra<vpM<i/lrt and wp £6-500- 
C 7.000 Can 93 a 184* 

MjSrrftivi Aqy 


90/50 * oraamuiM auanuK 
C9.000+ Call Sauna TED 
Auv Ol 7J6 9857 
KECOFTtON £7 -£8000 Kings 
Rd. Lradinq Co. D-ouutul or 
lirw Call 938 1846 

MMnlork Aw 

M>MHX OMUSM wk par- 
tan CQ.OOO LanSiUSe SUI 
A9V 455 B92S 


wi. a I or 16 . Cxcrtlanl rrrr 
& tats of i«wy lor wmrona 
realty tparul aord 22 24 who a 
“Ml prasairiad. ctunruna and 
•w a riaar waahing vat. cai 
Slun on 4081631. MiddMon 
■tanrj Hk Lid. 

TOPj STARS or wgr and wrean 
anp nsitUncr la ina Chairman 
Minn tap. name aqency Wi will 
p«* rour nmrarn Shonnaiui/ 
111*1119 nacctaary wiui pariKu- 
■any pood lav-oui. A toi ol 
talaphona work and partaort 
rorilarl in«oliad. Preferred aoa 

000 fawe Cwnen 

til BW 8907/0010 irec «MHL 
TW* STARS Of naaa and srrean 
and Muunre 10 tha Chairman 

ol Dm ipp-namrafenry lw| wUJ 

tir your ronevni Shoruund/ 
iWfanp nan»ary with pamru- 
Wv won lay-out. a lot ctt 
VwWiMf wort ana parconaj 

"J rceooo Joyce Cume« 
01^589 8W7/0O1O irpr com) 
rian on 
C7.SOO - parts A brnhl 
*2^ rnuunuatic C/Leaier or 
and Mm wirh "O " Lnm B 
r«l in inn International City 
JIT" 'ta* Will rvqoy a youns. 
miTidlv A can no junwnur, * 
learning a pnnperu 
“II Lorraine 408 614 a 

hu i9iUM Pam Cons 

•A* LEVCL SPANtSH 1.7.500 hta 

41 ay a Him lob jqm Urn WI 
iirrn of mlarnauonal lawyer* ay 
hi limpjfli ucretary. 50 wpm 
g'W” 4hllily iteadad 

ivJ^’rL 01 **? 1/3531 

ElWl w 01 240 33*1 

lS^ > .V EII/a,wtn Hunl ftanSi 
n»nl Censullanls 

■WRIimNCl.SALE* Attnnm. 

lari ,or 'n™i ron- 

aVn ‘■'•"•"Uora. air. krvbowa 
t9 DOOM, unk Ap 

poniinvnu &af, 97*5. ^ 

57 r J 0 *" lln taodinq dim 
of inWwr deMpnm and run 
SS r .5 u i v r «»pltan area. You 
*>a imraamtauiy pre- 
sankM and weu sooken. 

noa needed. 

tool or 01 
nfSiS 61 ,CKyl - EJuanaoi Hunl 
gSSSSJS! 1 Consul laws. 
quired tar unan frrtncUy offler 

Biay inlrrrmnq wort dMUnp 
w»n 000k pumtshan for Italian 
Typuifl. trtn and 
□enrrai oflu-a duties, aittl cof- 

WTJS^'2, SalJrv C7.BOO PA. 
>0101937 3481. 

Aovsanswa xuod - um 

Off We WOM ifatipfl *« 
tar ota Pwacinr. Lnaiy ntar- 
reai aw ironnieni Lots of 
prospects. Good shorthand/ 
Sonf work ax- 
WouaMed. Please let 
^9?. rate The Wort Shop. 

"P**** 1 * ,W ” T 

jTmSSL w,m . ,yD,n ' , 4 ** 

era adimniMraiHMi Mniues. 
/Lr?^?Sr? r ' ano ' oroamsauon 
Sn.SU** 1 ' manner nKimd. 
«JU coltede teaser. 
*’ on “- No ° om ° r 

"S^ WtAKWe Sacralarv. 
Wlti CiHUHh. and Meath' 

Szfss — lor 

1KNMJ Mnk In wc?, Busy. 


SfStp# ST7 ftoooicuyior 
SS, ,Vv »?End) SccTMar 
ConsttlS,, ^ s * , « unal 

AdImn B AI2I7 , ■ W12 " 

ao«sn wun 
a O M EnBIW ti amt laal typoi*. No 
Will iwulfli. 
? Qara ffuiiay ,n a happy 

taT^ B ' KT, 'r, t7 -WO ♦ SSS- 

8807/O.-1 |1 Q f r y gi 01089 
9807/0010 icier cornu 

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lips ford' 



Wbof mte Bates from £135 per 
sq yd + VAT. 80% wool Heavy 
Domestic VWton El 3 .85 per so yd 
+ VAT. CuringiM ties £8.75 per 
sq yd + VAT 4 many other peat 

207 I lmitPtt MR, 
Hampstead SWG 
Teh 01-794 0139 


and choose- tom hundreds of 
upngnt and wand p9nos for 
sie or bfe from only £16 pm. 

Albany St, HW1 
01 905 8682 

■*3™;** f Ktnfs IkM J 

™£.gunny marsoneuc Own 
room £48 nw. or shore for oe 

«S^13S! 1? ‘ 01j730 6hob 

over B7. to 
rtUSUl ? t -P wn rm 4- en MriKT 
Okrrn * thwr. 0 * 6.00 pan 
mrl Julia 01-382 2719 qf- 
**•»■ 7.00 


“J** | Wi win shower «n 
HJhj. very now to BRAuto. 
Ct7o prra + UUs. TH‘ tdav A 

*ri OX 645 

Owr» otanent house 
n uwwait- mono# ktfngfan 
'N«> own room El 60 pan 
rn 'ri. T« titurl 01 625 9076. 
WW IOI 772 1096 
errr. Bai-hfren jmau servkrd 
rm. I My uum rial, nm busbies® 
■"fa* "*2" rn. igo p w ma. 
Trt 01-698 07X9 after 6 bjil 

Ow Town - Own 
room and bathroom. M/F. SO- 
“■ ti 7B dm calendar month 
ptus omv Tap 4114 after Tp«n 
n ^7** T ^* Sctortivr Storing, 
wen estab Introductory mtih. 
PJw W for am: 01499 5491, , 
Bromnum Road. SW3 
WKW FDUIA N/*_ 23. seek* i 
flat shore a- audio, exommi . 
rr.' rT T c r i Company Id 
awe. Tot 014464964. I 

Mior Female. NA. to more c/h : 
‘‘“'’^Wcnn'M'd Pfc. nt. 
mMnjme CM pw. curl, bull 
TH: Ol 957 5464 x 416 Way) 
M/F. O/R. Beaut LUX I 
Firrm FIai. Pauo/Gdn. £76 pw 

01.731™ urtOl- 

■ELUAVM fumin' apai fineur. 
Udi a prarewMBUI female. n/%. 
El IO pw. TH 01-936 4649 
CLAPKAM SW1X ■ Prof. F. itod 
90> 10 sure Doom. O/r. Cl 00 
pern. rxet. Tel: 228 7689 (evesi 
NMRaUE MK9< o/r. huge IW. alt 
larUlllev. m/ 1 . m prrl. £69 pw 
Inc Phone 724 2652 after 2pm. 
HI. O/R. Lnx nude, oda 4 roof 
odn. AU mod cone. £60 pw. 667 
9323 9-6. 226 6911 After 7 Dm 
WTWV M/F req'd 10 snare 3 
bed flat- Soil O/R. C3Spw mad. 
TH -.01 799 7362 taller 6 OOpmi 
H - P*W AVI Young prof F lo 
snare fut>y turn, sunny 2 betam 
flat £126 pw : 01-599-8628 
*W7. M. nan smoker, o/r In cone 
ronable ruistSBY. £66 pw tact. 
Ol 937 969 

SWde angle In room In family 
houae. £45 pw Inc Sou femur 
uudenl. Trl 01-386 
Wl - Braottnu large room, outer 
central Georgian house. £80 
pw. TH : Ol 936 6064 
W-2. 3 rooms. u> let tn large sown 
house, superb arconunodadoa 
si £60 pw. TH 01-602 2137. 
WI4 82-20. M/F to Oir 2 bed 
flat. O/R £46p.w.««cLTHOX- 
609 2479. 




01-878 9141 

For tonight’s A tomorrows ffjgl 
to MmHbi4W9i not spots. £ 
HoMwta wared 9pm. 
Gredtt Csri payments orty. 

■ JVM 


Mm £415 £755 

Auckland £415 £745 

Jo'Burg . £306 £499 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Cairo £135 £210 

Now York £139 £285 

Un Angolas £216 £345 

01-370 6237 


Fa ha fa n s September Bppls 
m Beach Hotel Valinco 
SAVE £20 

on 13th, 20th and 27ih 
September depvmre dates 

01-785 2200 

56/58 Putney High St 
London SW151SF 

032 K73 


Ffgunne®. animato. e*r_ want- 
ed. Ol 883 0024. 





01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 

ATOL 1824 


Crete. CBrtB._RhDd*s. Kes. Sn*R 
GnP Wmd& Tl» Npm Mown 
Mi Zaks 

IZ3L5uG.7AB.IO.My9 W» E2SB 
isre.tT.wazi.'B n» 
7iZl2VtaU9Xn £179 £199 
Cento: Can me toft TOO EflB 
VU. * m mat Md MW* »* 

UacMto tbdt to S4» mh M» 

mm Nm *m aMiSndMNitWmi 
papa lAShoaMOBM C*d BaAna 

only direct from 

Te£ Halid 11-251 5455 
TCtSMMd I74Z331W 
Tet Maschnttr 061 «W 5833 
ATM. 2*34 



More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

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fenmuntsation. Inaurenoe, 
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42-4B Carts Coart Road 
LOtedon VT86EJ 
Lossg-ttiuil 0LS03 1515 


**0T TVftHIV. Sproa a w*rfc r*. 

Lnjpg d) our gnvW beam 
- hotel, thru a week mmiug on 
w larfif far raw. tnc fit. 
M/8, free w/tpons. oOwr row 
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MARLBOROUGH ST. MO 9B» naretoroteiH. m/t hga.wabgaa C 9^56*4, 
t aim mm h; towg iu . sto* ®»* to- 

CBAWFT MMS. SMVtir “*» w n°" «■ ”*£** "■ 

g Beat J fladt ige ibb..b ,1 Wi aw «* Wd» 
HUI HHM O, SM war me W Dan flat •* tt. 2 tofe. sWm 
Batom. art), uf dnpg. u w cd ata EBSw 


SlnWI PUW. «W7 My onaM to floor to mb tn Ckoc p»l 2 

MUMKlWU n * l —- 

18. MontpaBer Mews. London SW7 
TrtL Ol 352 0113. 



ATHENS El 49 PAMS £73 

CHETE £149 MMCH £79 



GENEVA £99 PALMA £103 

HAIBUflB £75 MIAN £11$ 

ROME £134 VIENNA £129 

MADNO £99 2MCU £99 

01*405 7082/8042 

Jotng Ejm Bmkok E33S 
Caro £20$ Katmandu «40 
OaVBam 035 RaiBWin ^0 
Hong Kong CS10 Calcuoa M2S 

P iddle ceM 

• 21 SOOtar Sfc LoadPu YI 
HHN 2t00y*» 



Nairobi. Jo'Bwi. Cairn. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore: KJL DcUu. 
Bamkok. Hom King. Sydney. 
Europe. St Toe Amcncm. 

Fbmingo Tnvd, 

76 Shaftesfesny Avenue 
London W1V 7DG. 
•1-439 0100/01-439 TISl 
OireaSdtdiday IM0-134M 


Timer or emend BumwM 

Eagle Sur Croup EnMncHlng 
Udumct um8M and 
Eagle Star umnet Company 

1 H^U«I 

ApPUcHfaB hat been made ta- 
per SkUom 61 and S2 or me 
inturarice Companies Act 199910 
Die S ecret a ry or Stale for Trade 
and industry by Eagle Star Group 
CTMfneeHng Insurance Limited to 
iramf <r the rM6<a and obUgattom 
under all Us contracts of insur- 
ance te Eagle snr tminnce 
Cnnuony Lira tad with affect 
from 1 September 1986. 

Copreo of the statement setting 
out particular* of me transfer are 
aiauabie far taomcfton M 1 
Threadnredle Street. London 
EC2R BBE ond at ofDca of Cagle 
Star bnurance Company Limited 
tn Uie United Kingdom between- 
the boom of 94X1 ajn. and 6.00 
Oja. on any day other than a Sat- 
urday. Sunday or pnblir holiday 
until 30 September 1986. 

Written representation® com 
renting me transfer may be sent 
to me Secretary of SUM far 
Trade and tndiotiy. Department 
of Trade and Industry, tooiraneei 
DfvMen. 10-18 victoria Street. 
Iff-IM- SW1HL ONN before 31 - 
October 1986. The Secretary of - 
Stale for Trad* and Industry wfll 
not determine the OPPUcadoo un- 
til after considering any 
re pre s ewtaMon® made lo torn be- 
fore tn«l dale. 



LjfiM 2 tt fW V) m Wot* 
witn good nowmo. fum. £ 
cue beds. Mfc wim 
shower. DM rocepH w, 
gesrn /2 yr* £23 o7^ 
Meafuo Ha Office: 
01-221 3500 

OwWs own toouy 2 
bedroom flat. £150 pw 
Spaoous. 1 bed flat. Co let. 



smart comfortable, garden 
flat 1 recap. 1 dbio bodrrrv 
gd Idtchan A tWhnn. prfvata 
pati o. Accass to prtoaia. 
communal ^jdna. £1B0 pw. 

qUimOATE MEWS. SW7. De- 
hgniful mew® Ituuse wtui 
garage. 3 beds, a bath® (1 *n- 
sullei. doatroocn- mcep. UUh- 
rn. C3SO nrg- Ptotoe ronlaet 
Roue Etdndge at Saundere of 
Kenamgiao on 681 3623 far a 
teterhon of top calibre London 

ON TMC MVKM. Lower Mab W6 
Luxury apartment in tmlwhF 
dr\rl with panoramic stews 
at er Thames. Large mrep/dfa 
with Hair. 9 beds. 2 baths. Fun 
fit Mi. ptg snare. £300 pw. COS 
only. Barnard Marcus 014109 

pursuant to. Section 688 of me 
Companies Act 196S. mat a 
MEETING of the creditors of Um 
above named Company win be 
held at the offices or LEONARD 
aims 6 CO. Ntuated at 30 
Monday ihemi» day of S eptemb e r 
1986 ai 12-00 oYtock mtdday. 
for Ibe purpose® provided for tn 
Sections 689 and 69a 
Dated me i«m day or Appear 


TO £7.30 p.h. 



CaB Laura om- 
01-242 0785 

VmcnmeC Appointments 

95 AWwydi, London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 0785 flft 
(ansaptono after office hours) ^Rw 

CUWHM S/c fum Basemcni m. 
D/umng rm . idL dtnmg rm. 
ebnwar. shr end gdn. c/h. 
w/mactuoe. rot tv. out couple. 
Cl 20 pw Inc. TH: Ol -422 3596 
or 0980 630247 IMOn 6 TueS) 

UMPSIUBl Ctaee to shoos dr 
■rpeson. Nearly de c ora t ed 4 
turn Rat. 1 bed. living rm. an 6 
bath. Ol Gas. dec. colour tv 
aUfaduded al £126 pw. Suit 
Dtotomat or exec. 431 3121. 



KYDC PARK - Amartng saltm 
SupreMv refurtdshrd 5 bed (1 m 
m mod Pork warn idt 4 porter. 
Lge bright creep with leer 
Oikng Pam sf- ««m» ♦ lux ml 
O nly £376 pw. 936 9612 <TI. 


beds. 2 rrtw 9 bahs. Gdn. 
Roof i err £600 pw. Lamont 
Rnad.swio 3 beds. 2 receps. 2 
IMMhv Ctoah. Gdn »SO pw. 
TH: Burge* 01-691 6136. 

fWl. Meal Mr ctuerUDUng. tie 
gam aid bright mansion AM. 
Newly dec. Spacious d b le rerep, 
ret original lunaes. 3 beds 2 
baths F/F Kit £496 pw. 
Lnl urn. Conies 01-829 8281. 

Ms w« have a large setoHtoa of 
Iwniry UJ-4 bedroom flats 
with maid service, inimor de- 
signed and centrally located. 
AngHa WUItoms Ol 268 3669. 

WMBLEDON. rurnfshed Me. 3/ 
4 bedrms. 2 recepL mod Ui 6 
Path. Ope. 150ft pdn Co. IH 
only. £2O0pw. TH: 01 946 
7296 Or 879 1729 CdayL 879 
1SE6 tevcsl. 

MAMP 1 TEAD Family Me. 6 beds. 
2 bam. 2 reren. large LB/ diner, 
garden, car. Hearn BO yds One 
year £300 p w. TH: 267 4881 . 

■Mt HTW B i Unique unfum 
home. ArtiM studio 2/3 beds, 
parking, garden. £326 pw. Ol- 
686 9842. 

KENMNOTON: very pMsmi 
convenient 2 bedroom, pb flat 
ctooe tubes. £B00 ocm. TH oi- 
735 2194 

we™ HOWE to good loco- 
non. 3 beds. Double reception. 
Kitchen. 2 baiiis. £376 pw. Al- 
len Bales It Co 01-499 1666. 

ground floor flat, oidet road, 
near lube, huge garden, compa- 
ny let £160 pw. TH 38B 1049. 

PBRUCO (Wl Beautiful luUy 
modemtted 1 bed flat wUh «e- 

< eluded patio. £160 pw Day 2«7 
9461 ext ■ 410. Eves 821 9104. 

REttEMTS PARK Portland PI. Su- 
perb. newly renab. fuHy furn. 
mod 2 bed flat AvaU Immjd. 
£a86pWtori.Tet01 9369066. 

*T JOHNS WOOD, enchanting 
garden RaL bed. lounge- kb. CH 
etc. far 1 to 2. £148 nw ; Mr 
Leonard 936 4466/466 6769. 

STMATHAMr Luxury audio 
bedHL Private roof Barden. Sum 
prof. N/». £60p-w. me. TH: 01- 
671 8802 . 

Wl - FWL 2 beds. 1 reep. k 9 b. 
Secfuded. OveriooWng Perk. Cb 
furn lei. £190 p.w. TH. 01 724 

studio IWL Vjge A V.pretty 
with a wkty maid service. £146 
p.w. 01-724 4172. 

currently s e ekin g good gustily 
rental accommodation to 
central Lo n do n fur watting 
company tenants 01-907 MSI. 

BARNES Pleasant lum.d Rati 1 
lge. dM. ItodnNJ Rtung rm: k 8 
b: root oalto: gas CH: £100 nw. 
Suit prof. cpfe. or Un^e- Mr. 


KENNY A MME> Contact Ul now 

on Ol 236 8661 tor the bed *r 
lee lion of furnished rials and 
houses to rent in KiugntwrUge. 
Cnrhea and K’ensingion m 

OLLAND PARK Modern fuHy 
fumnhrd flH in Norland 
Square Wl 1 suiliiig 1 person or 
inutile £160 p.w THOI 997 
I 7 d 6 eves. 

W8, GORDON PLACE. Lo» Hy un 
lunushrd Me wdh lge paved 
garden 3/a beds. 2 Burhv thru 
reerp. eve kitchen £660 pw 
Pcneds 01-221 l«Oe 

ILtXMKSWtV. Altnotn'e one 
bed Hal on lira fan Ckne 10 
rube and thora £160 pw. TH 
01-409 0394 iTj. 

mats. Fulty fum CH. Co to* 
£140 pw me. Broweu Taylor « 
Co. TH: Ol 242 8376. 

PUTNEY. Lovely v/r fum AM. 2 
dMr Beds. Inge h A b. ch. Cdm 
£160 pw Co Irl. Abo in SWS 
£180 pw 720 6212 warmark 

3 bed flat, fumuned. £90000 
pern. Phone Actand It Co Ol- 
948 1122. 

CONHAM - Superb hou&f* In pre- 
mier road, close to station 
£1300 pern. TH . 01 947 1666 


Nocv Secretarial Vacancies. 

SUK couple £76 pw Ind Ex- 
pm® Rentals 01-883 6467 
most South London Areas. 
Rental Guide 0 1-680 7676 
NOLHEKS UNSEW 3 bed me. 
tttrouRi lounge. £200 pw neg 
NlgH Holder 01 883 3296. 
HAMPSTEAD large sunny 3 
room fum rial. Superb new. 
£136pw I net. TcL-Ot 936 9065 
leungc/diner £160 pw NloH 
Holder Ol M3 3286. 
and garden. £46 Pw ind. Ex- 
pegs® Rentals 01-803 S4E7 
Kmes MMDu Sunny 4 Bed Hal 
wUh lge roof trer. BeauUf uUy 
dec. £600 pw 730 3436 CTL 
Mid 6 sharing. £1 60 pw Express 
Rentals 01-889 6457 
luxurious tong/shori Ms 1/6 
tads MM Prices 936 9612 tU- 
orr PUTNEY MU. amcm-e 
fully roulpped 2 bed AH U, weti 
maintained Black. 789 8217. 
RESENTS PARK lux mod dm 
audio flax overioMdno park. 
K&B £13Spw. 01 437 7619 
tube. £40 pw Bills I net. Rental 
Guide 01-686 7976 
STNEATNAM. 1 dbie bedrm a/c 
rut £80 pw ind rales. Rental 
Guide 01-686 7676 
SW10, large I bed flu, available 
new. 4 >6 weeks £160 nw. TW: 
Ol SOI 0016 inner 7.00 pmL 
THORNTON NEATH. 3 Bed famtty 
house £126 pw. ind rates. 
Rental Guide 01-666 7S7» 

Contact Rtrhard or Mick- Davis 
WooHe & Co 402 7381. 

WN UREASE. 1 bed. 1 rerep. k 
A b. CH IUI. £90 pw. Refs re- 
quired- Ol 947 2007. 


Rot expanding profes- 
soral company n Wl 
seeks two receptionists 
for their superb new 
offices. Switchboard ax- 
penencB and typing, 
dotting allowance. Age 
25-35 years. 

Meredith Scott 

n Flat SuLmim BOY M 
Teb 01-513 1034/0055 

Excellent secretarial skfflc 
and experience plus sympo- 
tiwtic tBteptxxie manner are 
required for our busy and 
exerting protect. An Maroat 
in cfeMicaf mustc, young 
musdans and community 
service is also daairabte. 
Satary £7,000^.000 depend- 
ing on age. qualWeationa 
and experience. Please 
01-488 7333, 

HUENORCA vna®. rom* wm 
pools, apartments, uvmw. 
StWOci avail from £1 43. C HI- 
ic Holidays. 01 309 7crro a 
0622 677071 or 0622 677076 
■24 tail AloJ 1772. 


We are always able to offer 

UQS / VMwm 

Crete, Paxos (Tueedp 
fbgtiA. PortngiiBM Algenie 
ton vtKes f11a«tfW 
Mghtf. Italy, fte walh; 
lyrrn Beknonte for Oct 1 
week only. If you wart the 
beet ponMe hoUey U vary 


our lowly «Ba brocnora. 

required by Estafa Agency m 
swi. inMiignL snarl appror- 
anre. uuiMkf and driving 
licence required. Non «xn«ri- 
mrod Priso n® w . .npgg; 
Salary ncpollaMp. 01 82B 

1437. COOb3- 

td. enmuMaiDC tomato 20 -36 
unis requirrd for W«d End 

Antiquarian PnMWfcr. EWril- 

nw noi essential, sales 
^xpfTtwwr Of-drahto nor y 
potnunrol tHrohene: 836 1979. 


Together we can beat it. 

\Vc fund over ow third of 
all nwMirh 'M* ,hl ' P wlt:n- 
tion and cvtv ol cancer in 

the UK- . . 

Hvlp us by vending ^ 4 norwt- 

linn or nuke 4 kg 11 ). 10 




NNON dte 

iSi HOWHBfS. Td^tBT^ «B11 

18TA Z324S ‘ 



C4.00O Jofn mu leadlne oca- 
oormc cottrgr mt srerriary to tbr 
Doan. 4 hours a day by an 
r an gomoni 66 wpi typtng 
ataiiiy PMd*d.Pi*a®e i otophone 
Ol 24- 3611/3651 iwret End) 
or 01 2403661 iCWyj. EtirabHh 
Hunt RocruUmeni GonBuHanls. 

PARTY MSHEMEIcre require 
young pan-umo Moff to hHp at 
function* al wwk«nb. Expori- 
menflef ocswtisL RtaaLuanOa 
on 01-720 0904. 

parties go bond In band wkh 
■Ms famous drinks cmnoanyi 
They ere tookino for a young 
tatyrtary to ontat thHr market- 
ing emeuth 1 *- Thte ts a fun end 
varied pool Ion where you win 
have your own anas of nun 
fatal ny. such as pm of sales 
advertising. SidBs 80/50 need- 
ed Please I etc phone 01 499 
8070. Carotene King 

super opening for a brWU ct* 
leer kour with ambition* in 
prrsonnH. As liotor sec in me 
London HO of mis national 
tosMon ritain you win be ar 

eouiaged to pww ipm 

quouncauons wrato cttioymg 
nn -round tovoivemrM In Per 
•omri admin. Bweflis toe stem 
dismnls. Good typing asen- 
IUI. aw 18-22. TH rue tel 01- 
409 1230 The Work Shoo. 

A tWCM OF CLASS to £10.000. 
Famous lor tDrir state rod 
grooming, tote this well known 
organisation as secretary lo me 
managing director. You'll rowy 
constant contact with ebon!* 
And a tun PA ml®. lOO/ao and 
tap Skills needed. Pteas e lefe - 
phone Ol 240 3S1I/3G3I 
■Wea End) or Ol 240 3331 
tCui-L Eibabetn Hunt Rvcrutt- 
mnu CorauttanK. 

BOL1EBE LEAVER E7J988 - su- 
iht im working wrth a newly 
appointed executive. In me nrw 

Mayfair office of this iniR >*■ 
lumciH- nautuiion. Young. 

viranmmi. V ou . .** **”!? 

bright, weft educated and wHl 

arSutMf mm jmmrtr 
Age 16 +- Hetaf irtepnooe Ol- 
S5 5787 . Gordon Y«*s 
Oonsultancy- ■ 

EXHISITIM* to £7730. Stan a 

ugannoiion wdh Ow friendly 
roinpaay Amung in amng- 
utg overseas shows, you wiu 
beromr louUy involved to m 
exnttng function and win gam 
ecr e xperience to a fieid where 
npne-see career devetoonie™ is 
j reality. SUta 9 0/50 worn. 
Synergy, <*• 

alias, pi -637 9633. 

br\_/rv. i 



Ozopulmin can ^ 
pick up the 
winning thread 
over best trip 

By Mandarin 

Ozopulmin, who Tailed 10 
slay I ‘a miles when chasing 
home Leading Siar at 
Lingficld Park last month, 
returns to 10 furlongs at 
Windsor this afternoon and is 
napped to regain the winning 
thread in the Winter Hill EBF 

A useful two-year-old when 
trained in Italy last year, 
Ozopulmin has been given 
plenty of time to acclimatize 
by Luca Cumani and he did 
not give this son of Tap On 
Wood his first British outing 
until six weeks ago when, 
despite looking backward in 
condition, he proved too good 
for North Verdict and My 
Generation in a minor con- 
ditions event at Pontefract, 

That form was given a 
handsome fillip at York 12 
days ago when My Generation 
won the competitive Andy 
Capp Handicap, a race which 
has already thrown up two 
subsequent winners in Rana 
Pratap and All Fair, who 
finished only fifth and sev- 
enth. respectively, on the 

As a result of his Pontefract 
victory. Ozopulmin was made 
favourite for a better race at 
Lingfield but. after bolding 
every chance at the two- 
furlong pole, he was outstayed 
by the Queen’s useful four- 
year-old. Leading Star. Back 
to his best trip today. 
Ozopulmin should prove hard 
to beat. 

Esdalc and Samarid look 
the pick of the three-year-old 
opposition but both were wcll- 

beazen last time out and a 
greater threat to Ozopulmin 
mav come from the four-year- 
old! KJiozdar, who was beaten 
only a neck by Regal Dip- 
lomat in the corresponding 
event 12 months ago. Without 
a run since May, though. 
Kh ozda r seems sure to need 
the run. 

Khozdar's trainer. Dick 
Hern, saddles the Queen's 
promising colL Final Selec- 
tion. in the Bracknell Stakes 
buL on a line through 
Najidiwa. this Final Straw colt 
is well held by Henry Cecil's St 
Legcr entry. All Haste. 

Abigail Richards, seen to 
great advantage on Gulfland 
at Chester on Saturday, should 
be in the winner's enclosure 
again after the Additional 
Apprentices' Handicap in 
which she partners Astarte. 

Miss Richards and Astarte 
finished fast to lake second 
behind Silent Majority at 
Goodwood 10 days ago, form 
which has been franked al- 
ready by the fifth. Cleofe, at 
Brighton on Thursday and 
Silent Majority himself at 
Sandown the following day. 

Tender Type, a good third 
to El Cuite at Newbury on his 
latest run. can end Sweet 
Alexandra's winning run in 
the Quonina Challenge Cup. 

Mark Tompkins, Tender 
Type's trainer, may fare even 
better at Hamilton Park where 
Grange Farm Lady (2.15) and 
Ben's Birdie (5.15) could well 
provide the Newmarket 
trainer with a first and last 
race double. 


Going: good Draw: Sf-6f, high numbers best 


1 0-22001 SAY PARDON (D) (Lord McAUnel D Mortey 104 (7e») DafeCBbaonS 

3 240000 CHESTA LEAP III Col EHamcs)RHaiK»na-1Z R Pertain (5) 10 

4 020430 WEBSTERS FEAST (D) (L Oranhaml M McCormack B-8 _ JLeedi? 

5 240403 RESTLESS RHAPSODY (B| (0) (Mrs M HaggasiK Brassey 8-7 A WMtehaff 11 

6 030210 ARDENT PARTNER (BF) (H Dean) R Holder 6/ A Dicks 8 

9 7003X10 MADAM MUFFIN (G Lock) J Beffwff 8-3. B Lynch (5} 14 

10 0-22220 MUSIC REVIEW (Mowcfcw Lid) M Tompkins 8-2 BCook(5)6 

__ .. PFtanda9 

A Rkfincy IS 

13 400032 ASTARTE (C Anckran) G Pi^rtlGor^loIZII. Abkjjal RiSarda 2 

14 4QOOOO DALSAAN BAY |P Cate) PaiMitchal 7-11 P Johnson 1 


7-7 G Banted) 3 

10 0-22220 MUSIC REVIEW (Movecfcve LW) M Tomptans 3-2 B Cook (5) 6 

11 002020 NORTHERN LAD (S) (Mrs DRedfem)JHoR 8*2 P Frond* 9 

12 00044 MOZART (E Lcxferj BHantXiPfB-0 ARMnglS 

13 400032 ASTARTE (C Anderson) G PntthartFGordoo B-0 Abkyal Richard* 2 

14 4QQ000 DALSAAN BAY (P Cast) Pat Mitchal 7-11 P Johnson 1 

15 0QU000 ALICE MU. (T Mas! A Ingltam 7-1 1 SCNMatt 

18 003000 JACOtfl JOY (Mrs I ReciUr) K Ivory 7-7 G Banted) 3 

20 040000 PERSIAN BAZAAR (B) (D) (Mrs C Foote-Forsttr) P MitcfwH 7-7 


21 000400 TINA ROSA (S DigDy) D OTJonnel 7-7... B Teague 4 

100-30 Astana. 9-2 Say Pardon. 6-1 Musk Review. 7-1 Northern Lad. 9-1 

Websters FeasL 10-1 Madam Muhin. Mozart. 12-1 Cresta Leap. 

FORM: SAY PARDON (8-3) Slli beaten over 51 to Possadyno (9-4) 9 ran. Newmarket 51 
h'cap good to firm July 19. CRESTA LEAP ( 811) 5th b eaten 31 to GMoaa Mou (8-1 1) 13 
ran. LingfiekJ St stk* good to Arm Aug 20. WEBSTERS FEAST (7-7) slowly into stride 
when IQtti beaten over 101 to Manton Dan (9-1 1 12 ran. York St h'cap good Aug 20. 
RESTLESS RHAPSODY (9-4) 3rd beaten SMI to Ardent Partner (8-3) 8 ran Brighton St 

... - o Captams . 

ASTARTE (7-9) ran on well. 2nd beaten nk to Sdflnt Majorey (9-6) 10 ran. Goodwood Sf 
app'ce h eap good Aug 22. 

Sntgction: ASTARTE _ 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Asiatic. 3.0 The Uic. 3.30 How Very Touching. 4.0 
OZOPULMIN (nap). 4.30 Tender Type. 5.0 Kyverdale. 5.30 All 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.30 Asiatic. 3.0 Findon Manor. 3.30 Crusade Dancer. 4.0 Samarid. 

4.30 Sweet Alexandra. 5.0 Kyverdale. 5.30 All Haste. 

3.0 BELMEAD SELLING HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £906: 6f) (19) 

1 012042 THE UTE (B)|D) (R Basban) Miss L Bower 9-7 R Guest 10 

2 000000 FMOON MANOR (B) IMra 5 Tyne) M Tompkats 94 R Cochrane IS 

4 040000 CRACON GIRL [0 Holiand] J Bosley 94 I Johnson 7 

5 0-04440 BELLEPHERON (Mrs S Khan) G Lewis 9-3 P Waldron 14 

7 304400 BY CHANCE |C-D) |R Biggsi C WrWman 9-1 AMcGtonaS 

B 000000 NAUGHTY NIGHTY (Lady Nelson ol Stafford) M Tompkins 6-13 RCmntll 
9 000002 WINNING FORMAT |J Fax) P Makin 8-12 P« Eddery 9 

10 000000 FANCY PAGES (R Coombel Pal MrtcheBB-lt JRndtfi 

11 341000- YOUNG LUCY (D) (A WaRoniR Hoad 8-11 - M HBa 6 

13 00-1200 CI«PSTOWED(Bi[WH Jones) OHayon Jones 8-10 0Wffiana(7)13 

15 000003 PAOOiNGTON BELLE (B) (Miss D Jarvis) 8 Stewna 8-9 - S Wlutctam (7) 19 


(B) (Miss D Jams) B Stevana 88-5 WIuMam | 

18 004040 SEA SHANTY (B) (O ClarK) W Wightman 87 .JWftama3 

19 004-040 LA WVINA (T Gregory) G Lews 8-7 J Adam (4) 1 

20 040040 ABSOLUTELY BOWERS IP Waogwoodl M Smyly 87 N Howe 17 

21 000000 SOMEWAY iTWcstlJMoflM N Adam 11 

23 000000 SPANISH INTENT (0 Turner) C Benstead 85 B Rouae 4 

24 3-00400 EASTERN OASIS (J Crossed) E Abtnn 84 TwUamaZ 

25 000000 THAI SKY (Bl (Mrs R Tang) Pal MrtWtel 83 P BtaCteeB 12 

X 000-00 SEA VENOM (H)(fl HaBn-;) R Thompson 7-11 MLIhomaS 

7-2 Winning Format. 4-1 The Ute. g-2 Paddington Bede. 6-1 BeHepheron. 81 
Findon Manor. Naughty NigWy. 12-1 Young Lucy. C/acon Grri, 14-1 Others 

Bngnton 61 fe- 
■Z) Newmarket 

FORM: THE UTE (9-6) 2nd beaten 'jl to Miss Metal- Woods (8111 15 ran. Bngnton 61 la- 
oie*.ncop hrm AugSS BELLEPHRON (7-131 14thol 14 io S harp Timas 18Z) Newmarkei 
61 n cap good to hrm Aug B. Esther BELLEPHRON (871 4th beaten 71 to Blue Bntfaant (9- 
01 15 ran Folkestone 71 H'cap good lo firm July 15. FANCY PAGES (7-1 1) unplaced to 
Marcmiea (8 13) i5ran. Fo*ia$tone 61 h'cap flood ro firm Aug 4. WINNING FORMAT (9- 
51 2nd beaten 2t to Geishwm (87) with PAOOiNGTON BELLE 19-2) 3rd beaten 21. nk. 15 
ran Windsor 61 app ce n eap goad Aug 1 1. LA D IVINA (8-5) 6th beaten 87U to Ardent 
Partner <831 8 ran Brighton 5t n eap f#m Aug 7. 

Selection: BELLEPHRON 

3.30 POTENTIAL STAYERS STAKES (2-Y-O: £959: 6f) (16) 

3 BAMAR LAD (0 Btaonl M Bolton 811 R McGMn IS 

6 03 CRUSADE DANCER (USA) (R Trussel Jr) B Hanbury 811 ..R Cochrane I 

7 0 FAHAO (USA) [H H Aga nhani R Johnson Hougnton 811 S Canteen 1 

8 GRUN1DAD(B Murray) DO OonneO 811.. WNewnaa3 

9 2 HOW VERY TOUCHING (RGiOOonslJ Kmdley 81 1 M tUts5 

io WLAN FAIR (A Richards) C Broom 8» M Roberta 14 

It NOBLE MINSTREL (USA) |A Paulsoni O Doweo 81 1 ■ R Machado 2 

13 POLLENATC(h AtdJiaU Tree 8ii — Pat Eddery 11 

15 SHADY HEIGHTS (G Tong) R Armstrong 811 _ - PWRW 

IB CASTLE IN THE AIR (lamina Duchess ol NorioBO J Dunlop 86 B Thomson 6 

JO LA CARABINE (&r R Clarke) K Brassey 88 ... TOumnT 

Cl 0 UARUKO GOLD (W GraUoyi R Armstrong 88 G Baatar 4 

23 0 REGAL RHYTHM (D Ctar* l WWigtitman 8-8 JWMMmatt 

21 ROCK OF AGES (The Queeni W Hem 64 - w Carson 13 

25 0 SKI SLOPE (S» M SobeM L Piggotr 88. - . Thro* 9 

27 YAMRAH |H AFMaMoumi C Bemtaad 86 — - 9 Rouse 10 

2-1 Pol le rune. 7-2 How Very Touching. 81 Cnisade Dancer. 81 Rock Of Ages. 81 
Faiud. 181 Shjdy Heights. 12-1 Castle In The An. 14-1 others. 

FORM: CRUSADE DANCER (9-01 ran onctose home. 2nd beaten mo Cape VYW (941 11 
ran Yarmouth 61 siks good to hrm Aug 21. FAHAD (80) 9m lo Macrotean (80l 10 ran. 
Newmarket 6f «ks good lo hrm Aug 9 HOW VERY TOUCHING (81 1 ) 2nd beaten 1 "jl to 

Newmarket 61 wfcs good lo hrm Aug 9 HOW VERY TOUCHING (8-1 II 2nd beaten 1 'il to 
Genghi: |86) 7 ran. Newmarket Qf stks good Aug 22. REGAL RHYTHM 181 H 5th beaten 
9t.lto Tisrfa Sharok (81 1) tOran. WinasorSlstKsgood Aug 11 SKI SLOPE |8ll) 5th 
beaten & to Yiouiar (81 1) 7 ran Yarmouth 71 siks good to firm Aug 7. 


[8111 2nd beaten Til to 

'■f •> .... . ’ 

Elplotino and Tony Kimberley stave off the challenge of Floyd (Steve Cauthen) to win the Sportsman Club Handicap 

Kimberley excels on Elplotino Tuck close 

Tony Kimberley, one of the Mall MeCourt added a sec- the Berry Magi coal Surefire FOPAFH 

ey men in Michael Sioute's ond string to his bow for the Handicap at Chester. Ivr J. Vkl/1 U 

Tony Kimberley, one of the 
key men in Michael Sioute's 
back-up team at Beech Hurst, 
gained a rare victory for an 
outside stable when winning the 
Sportsman Club Handicap at 
Sandown Park on Saturday. 

Fresh from his group race 
success on Eve's Error at Baden- 
Baden on Friday. Kimberley, 
gave a vintage display on 
Elplotino who was without a 
race for three months but was 
still burdened with top weight of 
10 stone. 

Kimberley and Elplotino set 
off in firont and. although 
headed by Floyd two furlongs 
out fought back to regain the 
lead inside the Final 100 yards 
and win by a neck. 

The winning trainer was Rob- 
ert Williams, whose 24 wins this 
season include four abroad. 
Williams said: “Elplotino has 
not run for three months be- 
cause of the firm ground and 
today's win was a bit of a 
surprise. I got Tony to ride 
because he won on Elplotino 
when the horse was trained by 
Michael Stoute." 

Matt MeCourt added a sec- 
ond string to his bow for the 
Portland Handicap in 10 days’ 
rime when George William got 
up dose home to land the 
Lad broke Holidays Handicap. 

“I've only had him three 

the Berry Magi coal Surefire 
Handicap at Chester. 

Gavin Pritchard-Gordon. the 

winning owner-trainer, said: 
“Abigail is very cool, rides welL 
has a good brain. She's so light 
she can do seven stone, fm 

weeks," MeCourt said. “The absolutely certain she’s got a 
owner rang me out of the blue 

and asked me to train him. He 
was lame in his off-fore and 
more or less broken down. I did 
as much work with him as I dare 
but 1 told Brent Thomson that I 
didn't know if he would blow 

In fact. George William came 
through smoothly to catch the 
long-time leader, Jackie Blair, 
inside the final furlong and win 
by threequaners-of-a-lenglh. 
George William only has 7st 51b 
at Doncaster and will now join 
Laurie Lorman in the line up for 
this valuable sprinL 

Gulfland. who provided Prin- 
cess Anne with her first victory 
at Rcdcar three weeks ago. 
clearly saves his best for lady 
riders and carried Abigail Rich- 
ards to a three-length triumph in 

4.0 WINTER HILL E B F STAKES (£4,374: 1m 2f 22yd) (9) 

1 101283 tOKJZDARfSBe^MoharnroodJW Ham 4.85 W Carson 7 

3 304^)10 QUIET MOT (R Afcu*J R Armstrong 4-9-5 SCaoTOen 4 

4 001002 KAVAKAfJ Ross) HWhtng *80 B Thomson 6 

7 11812 OZOnajni(BF)(GBaratv)LCuiiara 34-13 G Starkey 8 

8 140410 SAMARID (USAJ (HHAga Khan) MStouta 8813 WR SwMxun 2 

10 201130 ESOALE (rR)(C-D) (K Abdula) J Tree 34-5 PMEddaiy5 

11 001014 UAM (BF) (J fisher) M Ryan 3-85 PRo&maofl3 

14 08 GALESA LM) PKataway 3-7-11 TMOansI 

15 00 JACOUETTE (USA) (Mrs J PHSpt) O Doulab 3-7-11 MHSBaS 

1 1-4 Esctala. 7-2 bzoptdnan, 4-1 Khozdar. 81 Samarid, 81 Ltam. 12-1 Quwt Rim, 

14-1 others. 

FORM: KHOZDAR (81 1) on ground that l» (SsBcaa. 3rd beaten 171 » DMstan (81 1>7 
ran. Goodwood Iri 2t stks hoavy May 21. OUIET RIOT (94) 16th ol 17tp Forward RaBy 
(80)17 ran. Redcar 1m» heap good to Ann May 2B. KAVAKA{7-i)2nd baatan Xlto to 
Soto Style (80) 11 ran. Worrortianpton 1m 1! h'capgood to soft Aug25. OZOPULMIN 
(87) 2nd t»aten 2WI to Leadtog Star (94) 7 ran. LlnglfeMlm 41 attar apod tofirm Aug 20. 
SAMARID (84) 6th beaten 11%I to Hadaar (9-0) 9 ran. Newcastle 7f stks good to Ann 
July 28. ESDALE (9-3) 11 Ih beaten 141 to CWnotserie (811) 13 ran. Goodwood 1m 2f 
h eap firm Aug 1. UAM (812) 40t beaten 21 u Sohal (87) 6 ran. Ripon 1 m If h'cap goad 
tofirm Aug 4. I 


150yd) (8) 

1 101001 WTSHLON (USAMC-O) (K Abdula) R Smv»l 86 PatEdderyS 

« 130203 SAMAHP0UR(B)(BF) (HHAga Khan) R Johnson Houghton 81 SCauthtn 8 

5 3402-14 CORHAN Rivet (Lord Vestey)H Candy 810 W Names 3 

0 020404 POUNH.TA (Mrs A VUantina) R Harmon — B House 1 

7 001213 TENDER TYPE (G Tufts) MTompUns 84 RCochnmo6 

13 214400 FWEPROOF (D Mm*s] D Marks 7-7 NOMflUNNB? 14 

14 040002 FU 11. SPEED AHEAD (CaptMSmriyjM Smyly 7-7 H Adams 7 

15 4311 SWEET ALEXAWRA(B)f&D)(J MacGregor} J Shaw 7-7 _ G Carter (3) 2 
84 Tender Type. 81 Samenpour. 81 Sweat Alexandra. 81 Comm River, 81 FuB 

Speed Ahead. 181 Wahlon, 12-1 Pouneita. 14-1 others. 

FORM: WISHION (86) won wel, 21 from Tehitto (84) 12 ran. Windsor im W h'cap good 
Aug 2. SAMANPuUR (87) 5th beaten 41 to Wann Wetoonra (8-3) 8 ran. Redcar 1m H 
h eap good Aug 9. CORHAN RIVBt (80) 4th beaten 131 to Eadale (83) 12 ran. Windsor 
im 2t stks good to firm June 30. TENDER TYPE (82) ran on w el. 3r d beaten 3X1 to B 
Curie (86) ft raa Newbury InMT h'capgood to finn Aug 16. SWEET ALEXANDRA (81) 
won 1 7H from FULL SPEED AHEAD (8Q 16 ran. Windsor im 3( h'cap goodto Hrm Aug 

Selection: TENDER TYPE 

5.0 RUSSELL NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1,685: 51) (17) 

2 20113 KYVERDALE (D)(M George) M Ryan 87 F RcMn*on13 

6 13000 ENCHANTED TMES(B)(D) (Mrs H Cortiett) C Horgan 81 — S CaufhanS 

7 433144 DUTCH COURAGE (D1 (Lord McAlpIna) D Money 8 1 PatEddan4 

8 010 MAKE OR MAR D) (Mrs GSmthJR Smyth 813 S WhftwcrtiS 

9 1 T1SZTA SHAROK (C-D) (Tedvrood BkXKtttock Ud) R J Wnams 813 


10 302010 LADY BEHAVE (Mrs E Jackman) R Hannon 813 A McGhee 3 

16 ran. Windsor im 3( h'cap good to (tarn Aug 

R Cochrane 15 

302010 LADY BEHAVE (Mrs E Jackman) R Hannon 813 AMcGtoecS 

22004 JAM BLESS (Mm M Andaman) P Haynes 812-_. LMggk>(7)9 

030032 BOSS DE BOULOGNE (B) (USA) (Makwum AJ Matooum) L Plggott 8Tl 

T tins 17 

232 WLLFAN (BF) (G Wnghfl W Musson 8-6 MWighnl 

410 CHBJBANG (Mrs H Here) J Durtop 86 W Canon 12 

432300 TAP THE BATON (Mss JHaaon)M Tompkins 8* R Morse (5) 2 

04032 EBONT PRIDE IR Coomoal Rat MNche< 8^ J Reid 8 

10 GOLDORKA (D! (E Goody) W G M Tuner 82 RFm7 i 

212140 NATION'S SONG (DJJNatwn Wide Raong Go Ltd) R Stubbs 81 TWBtarosll : 

00013 JABE MAC (Mrs D Rodem] J ho« 7-9 N Adams 10 

200000 SEGOVIAN (T Mountan) W VYghtman 7-7 — . G French 16 

OKtl OUT ON A FLYER (A Hirt) D BSWth 7-7 D Browne 14 ' 

25 200000 SEGOVIAN (T Mountan) W Wahtman 7 -7. — II G French 16 

26 0021 OUT ON A FLYER (A Hirt) D Bsworih 7-7 D Browne 14 

100-30 Kyverdale. 9-2 Tiszta Sharok. 81 Eborw Pride. 7-1 ChSbang. 81 Naums 

Song. 9-1 Jatw Mac. 181 Jah Bless. IZ-1 MUItan, Out On A Ftyw. 14-1 others. 

FORM: KYVERDALE (87) 3rd beaten II 10 Mukha&br (8-8) 8 ran. Goodwood 51 h'cap 

h'cap good Aug 8. 
■ BOULOGNE (80) 

3rd beaten 3>, lOran. Windsor. 5t stks good Aug 

The Newmarket Trainer 
added that Princess Anne was 
unlikely to ride Gulfland again. 
“If she has another ride from my 
stable it will probably be ou 
Power Bender." 

Are You Guilty, in the colours 
of Terry Ramsden, landed a 
gamble from 20-1 to 8-1, io the 
Berry Magi coal Sun Seeker 
Handicap. Partnered by Gary 
BardweU, she hit the front as 
soon as they straightened out for 
home and won by lengths 
from the gallant top weight. Star 
Of A Gunner. 

Blinkered first time 

WINDSOR: 2J0 Northern Lad. Persian 
Bazaar. 30 Sea Vbnom. 4^0 Sainanpaur. 
HAMILTON: 2.15 Motor Master. 
Peunoore. 4.15 Pmcoss Bella. 4A5 
Barracuda Bay, Taffy's Tonic. 5.15 

San tiki no 
match for 

Santild (Walter Swinbum) 
was a disappointing third in the 
£17.912 Pm de la Nonene (101) 
at Deauville yesterday, beaten 
over four lengths by the 11-10 
favourite, Galunpe (Our French 
Racing Correspondent writes). 
Queen Helen had to miss the 
race after bruising a foot the 
previous day. 

Sirk (Willie Carson) finished a 
close fifth in the £33,579 Grand 
Prix de Deauville and will now 
be aimed for the St Leger. Yves 
Saint-Martin made all to bring 
Baby Turk home in a finish of 
heads and necks. 

At Baden-Baden. Zahdam, 
Gorgeous Strike and North 
Verdict all disappointed behind 
the front-running El Salto in the 
£ 1 2,7 1 2 Fursten berg-Rennen 
(100- Gorgeous Strike did best 
to finish fourth, but Zahdam 
was unlucky not to finish at least 
third after being slightly ham- 
pered inside the last furlong. 

It was a happier story for the 
British runners at Ostend where 
Hades tone Lake (Brent Thom- 
son) was the runaway winner of 
the £6.901 Gladiateurd'Ostende 
(2m 4 f handicap). She heat the 
second English challenger. Tug- 
boat (Gary Outer), by more 
than 12 lengths. 

Saturday’s results 

Sandown Park 

iao 1. Gwm WDBam (181): 2. Jadrie 
Blair (14-ih a Bridge Street Lady (281L 
Cree Bay. Deny River 81 jt-tovs. 13 ran. 

10 1. EJpotmo (281): 2. FtoYd (7-1): a 
Unhead (14-1); 4, Vintage Port (8-1). 
Atacazam n-4 lav. 17 ran. 

2-30 1, Raffle Along (13-2). 2, Hard As 
iron (11-2 lav): 3. Manual Macdonald (11- 
i). 11 ran. 

ao 1. SwHt Purchase (281): 2. Mount 
Venus (12- it a Parkttnds BeOe (M-i). 
One Pasa 84 lav. 18 ran. 

3J5 1. ETflgy (7-4); Z Loch Seatorth (8 
13 tavfc 3. Marsh Harrier (11-1). 9 ran. 

4.10 1. Pen Helene (84): 2. Brother 
Potnck (182); 3, Reference Para (11-10 

itks good to thm July 29. OUT ON A FLYER (88) won 41 from Hedera Helix (8 ' -v 

" Top Range (4-1): Z Northern 

j8-i0) and SEGOVIAN (87)5ai beaten 6L 7 ran. Fokestone 51 neap good to Amethyst (11-4 lav? 3. Saa Power (182L 

11) 5 ran. Bnwiton 5f sen so 
Recovery (810) and SEGOVI 
firm July 22. 

Setectxxr TtSZTA SHAROK 

5w30 BRACKNELL STAKES (£959: Im 3f 150yd) (14) 

2 201 ALL HASTE (USA) (SheMi Mohammed) H Cool 3-9-3 — 

C Hoimes 4-811- 

201 ALL HASTE (USA) (SheMi Mohammed) H Cool 3-9-3 S Cauthen 14 

7 430004) GIOVAWJl (GPS Pnnt Ltd) SMelor *80 — M Wtgham 4 

8 08 LOCH BLUE |R Castle) S Dow 4-80 — PStenst7)11 

12800 fflEM MART (USA) (J Wtnel C Holmes 4-81 1 — A Clark 3 

04) 8R.VERMERE GOLD (□ WMatJ Bradtet 4-811 CMcNamee2 

00-00 BE POSITIVE (A Spancel A Ingham 389 RCwant12 

820 cmLUN SOUM] (A RcnardslC Austei 3-8-9 — B Rouse 1 

384 FINAL SELECTION (The Queen) W Ham 3-89 WCaraaoB 

002-0 HOURABIA (Qiwt Urit D Bswonft 389 — Pat Eddery 9 

08 LOCH BLUE |R Castle) S DC 
3-00 GEM MART (ySAKJWhnel 

15 0000-00 BEPOSmVE 
17 820 CWLUNSOU 


GOLD (0 VMM J Bradley 4-811 C M 

(A Spencei A ingtiam 3-6-9 R 

NO ia RcnardslC Auatei 3-6-9 I 

22 00-0000 MR SAVVAS (Z PaHStytonou) M McCormack 3-89 RSnetlO 

23 JO MSHATTA PALACE (Dana Stud) J Durioa 3-89 G Baxter i 

Si 4800 NORHAM CASTLE ft Tyte) N Gasetee 389 N Howe 5 

27 4-300 SOLVE NT (Mr s P Yang) M Jams 888 T tvee 7 

31 00 SHARP ISEF (A Nofmand] VY W^flman 386 JWatems 13 

5-6 AS Haste. 84 Final Selection. 4-1 SOtvent. I8i Mshatta Palace, Mourabu. 18 
1 Cuftn Sound. 281 others. 

FORM: ALL HASTE (88) won 27,1 from Najtfya (8-5) 10 ran. Haydock Im 21 stks good 
Aug 8. FINAL SELECTION 1 81 1)4lh beaten 3%l to Nagdaya{88) 14 ran. Windsor lm2t 
stks good to soft Aug 2a MOURADABIA (9-6) ran onTsth beaten 9) Blue Gutar (8® 21 
ran. Wtodsor lm h'capgood July 28. Earlier MOURADABU (80) 2nd beaten i VJ to Pri- 
mary (9-01 13 ran. Lmglfekl 71 siks good to Ann Oct 28. MSHATTA PALACE J85)laBed 
oH behtod Too Guest 181) 8 ran. Nfewmarket Im 41 stks good Aug 1. SOLVENT (812) 
501 beaten 13*1 to Atrium Flutter (8-1 8) 8 ran. Haydock im 2f h'cap good to soft May 


S etecSorcMOUHABlA 

Ffitch-Heyes turns professional 

Leaders on Flat 


By Christopher Gould i or 

Penny Ffitch-Heyes (right ). 
one of the leading lady National 
Hunt riders, has joined the paid 
ranks and has her first ride as a 
professional jockey at Featwcil 
Park tomorrow. 

Miss Ffitch-Heyes has been 
riding with success as an ama- 
teur Tor three seasons and has 
partnered nine winners, the 
majority of them at her favourite 
course. Hampton. It was on the 
testing Sussex track that she 
rode her first winner. Katmandu, 
and last Monday she landed a 
double (here for her father. 
John, on Manhattan Boy and 
Fast Flight. 

Her reason for ranting pro- 
fessional is that once an amateur 
has had over 75 rides, the 
owners have to pay a fee for (heir 
services, this money going *be 
Jockey Club. Miss Ffitch-Heyes 
has had 73 rides and hopes that 
owners will continue to call upon 
her services. 

“Also, being only 22. I can 
ride in conditional jockeys' races 

^ • “The show jumping experi- 

ence has helped me to see a 
stride. 1 prefer riding over fences 
r. to hurdles. It does not worry me 

VjR - 7 competing against men as they 

.■A |p arc very beipfoL especially Ray 

Goldstdn. who is always giving 
me S°°d advice," Miss Ffitcb- 

From a famfly that has always 
wr . ■ • • ■ been associated with bones, she 
.4 became hooked on racing after 
: =V? competing in a point-to-point. 

Dining three years' race-riding, 
. Miss Ffitch-Heyes has literally 
felt the hard knocks of racing: a 
% -v ■ - broken ankle, a broken collar 

bone, a broken nose and nine 
nntil the age of 25 and at the weeks' c oncuss ion. all of which 
moment there do not seem to be have evidently tailed to dampen 




H Coca 

82 56 26 



G Harwood 

72 42 26 



J Duntop 

M <7 45 




50 37 38 




47 55 38 




43 31 43 



R Hannon 

42 51 30 




42 53 46 



Pat Eddery 
W Carson 
G Duftoto 
G Starkey 
ft Codirene 



H M H W 
137 91 67 
117)01 81 
88 84 80 
72 58 57 
64 39 29 
i 63 78 49 
63 71 59 

W ft Swinbum 61 61 58 

3 +14.06 
3 -51.34 

1 -108.05 
0 -69.87 

2 -4J3 

0 -77.05 

2 -935) 

1 -73.63 

Course specialists 

Amethyst (1 1-4 lav): 3. Sea Power (182). 
13 ran. 


1.45 i, QuMand (4-1): 2, Dapsn Artist 
JMg 3. Regal Steel (81). TWwa Bold 84 

2.15 1 . An You GiAy (81): 2. Star Of A 
Gunner (7-1); 3. Moores Meta) (181): 4, 
Kmgtitfl Secret (181). O I Oystori 100-30 
lav. 18 ran. 

2A5 1 . Brawto Time fiM): Z Shade « 
Pale (7-1); 3. Port Bat tidy (81 tav). 10 

3.15 1. Rmntwagto (81): Z Mefd (84 
tav). 3. Mtok (7-4). 4 ran. 

3.45 1. Quean Of BMtie (7-1fc z Satin 
Aral Sjjk^l 00-30): 3. Lmash (5-1). Eyesight 

4.15 1, Cotiywertan (10830); 2. BeM 
Fwy (7-i^: 3. Northern Gunner (81). 
Stacarratbo 82 f». 11 ran. 


1, Rapfdsn (181): Z Sohaff (82 
lav); 3. Loon (11-2). 10 ran. 

3-0 1. Crown justice (81 tav); 2. Mbs 
Eroffyjjl-ZfcjL Venherm (181). 23 ran. 

sioVltefehered (S-1): Z Royal Fan 
(7-1): 3, Odder Guilder (10830 lav* 4, 
Henry's Ventura (11 -S. 20 ran. 

4J1 1. WMpper In 0-1): 2. Fuff Of PnOO 
(81): 3. Wivppet (1811 lav). 8 ran. 

4J0 1. Sett (t 1-4 tevL' 2. Mcofini (1 81/; 
3. Golden Ancona (181). 15 ran. 

5J) 1. Lyphiawtl 1 -8 tav): 2. Rivart P-2L 
3. SpnngweB (182). 12 rw. NFL 

5J0 l. Hamper (7-2L Z Highost Peak 
(5-4 tav): 3, Rusting £2811- 14 ran. 


2.15 1. Chalet WaMegg {9-2): 2. 
Cameffa's Choice (181); Gow a rnpton 
(Evens favl 12 ran. 

2X5 1. HaddonLad(4.7 tav); Z Stop On 
(81): 3. Repetitive (4-1) 6 ran. 

3.15 1. Jtauriny Quiddt ff-ifc 2. 
Turkana (4-1): 3. Lord Laurence (84 tav). 
9 ran. 

345 1. W fife Tlmea B-1): 2. Maranzi(8 
2): 3. Native Break (7-4 tavi 7 ran. 

4.151. Armored (81) 2, Outwood Use 
(281). 3. Byrnes Grove (281 )l Carole 
Music 6-5 tav. 12 ran. 

4^6 1, BaByvrast (181) Z Walham (8 
i). 3. Dick's Foffy (4-1). Redgrave Artst 
1 1-8 tav. 7 ran. 


WINDSOR 130 1, Master Lamb (5-2t 2. Uptmm 

TRAWEftS: J Htodley. 9 winner* from 24 fta«to'S(Evans tav); 3. lady Si CL* (5-1). 
runners. 37J5V H Cecil. 16 hom 43. 8 K - . „ ... 

37.2«i J Tree. 14 from 55. 25.3%. _8Q I^PrkKm BiOMj gdg Z fl 

JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery. 62 wtfvvvs from Ctoudjf (81): 3. Drop(84 fay). 5 
303 rates. 20.5%: W Ft Swtobum. 17 from _ 3 L30 1. JtewdMB (11-8_ fay): 

85. 20.0%; G Starkey. 28 from 149. 186%. PofW«8s (7-1); 3. LaufiM-Mtoute 

HAMILTON A«™e I84L 2. Dme 

many yoong jockeys arotmd." 
Mi*: 11 * Ffitch-Heyes said. 

Before embarking on a racing 
career. Miss Ffitch-Heyes 
represented the junior British 
show jumping team, a feat John 
Francome also accomplished be- 
fore establishing himself as the 
leading National Huai rider of 
his time. 

her embnshun. 

With the support of her 
father, who trains at the old 
racecourse, Lewes, in Sussex. 

8 ran. 

30 j. prince SUHSfr (5-ifi Z Right 
Cloudy (81): 3. Hah Drop (9-4 tavl 5 ran. 

3J0 1. Tharateos (11-8 tav): Z 
Rounentes (7-1); 3, LaugM-Mlnute (18 
1). 6 ran. 

and local trainera. Miss Ffiteh- trainers.- m PrescotL n wtomr$ from (Evwi3fav):3.Priftce 
Heves. bas the flair and natural sa j.* 0 " i7 ‘ ^ Summer stop, b 

horaema^hip to publish h^ iSSfiSiSttSSkua. SR* 

self in this competitive male- 32 rates. iae%; G Oumetd. 4fi from 2S0. ED I, Gctdan Hoi 

dominated profession. >7.7%: J Lowe. 43 from 294. Mfes(ii-4 ravj.3. Ra 

4.0 1. Atkmaane (84); Z Cane MB 
Irana fev): 3. Prince Oberan (1 1 -2) 4 ran. 

NR Summer Stop. Baas Creek. 

4J0 1 . MetoraK (82 lav); Z Joat (181) 

3. Hiry Glen (5-1)7 ran. 

80 1. Golden Hoffy (4-1} Z Mmaare 
Mbs (1 1 >4 lav); 3, Rtfsaufton (82). 6 ran. 

A doable at Perth on Saturday 
left PhD Tack just one abort of 
the 27-year-old record for most 
consecutive number of winners 
ridden by a National Hunt 
jockey. The record currently 
stands at 10, achieved by 
Johnny Gilbert between 
September 8-30, 1959. 

Tack’s winning ran started at 
Gartmel aide days ago. He then 
had a forar -timer at the Cam- 
brian track on Monday and a 
double at Perth on Friday. 

Tuck had an anxious 20- 
minute wait before winner num- 
ber nine was confirmed on 
SafHrday. Atkimons, hh mount 
in the Craigrinean Hurdle, was 
the subject of a stewards* 

The derimoa to allow the 
result to stand means that Tuck 
now leads the jockeys* 
championship for the first time 
in his 15-year career. His at- 
tempt to equal Gilbert's record is 
likely to come at Southwell on 

most onlookers. 

It may be an ominous sign for 
followers of the Vincent O'Brien 
stable, whose tbree-year-okis 
have been so disappointing this 
season, that the stable produced 
three two-year-olds for Eddery 
to ride. Golden Act, Elusive 
Quest and Blue Danube and 
none of them managed to finish 
in the first four. 


Draw: 5f-6f middle to high numbers best 


£685:5f)(11 runners) 

1 0-00004 

2 0-00030 

3 «£8S 

4 080000 

5 04640 

6 030 

7 000000 

10 00QOK9 

11 00OOOD 

12 4-43000 »«UJ»Miiayw " uiii i uii)iiii™«nB-ii. 

2-1 Grange Farni Lady. 11-4 Hany Huff. 100-30 Fbwby Fhwr. 81 Tolly's A hi. 

182 Daisy Star, 81 Hoboumea Katie. 181 Motor Master. 181 often. 

Hamilton selections 

- By Mandarin ... 

2.15 Grange Farm Lady. 2.45 Print 3.15 Wartinll Lady. 3.45 
Chabtisse. 4.15 Northern Gunner. 4.45 Kooky's Pet 5.15 Ben’s 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Foundry Flyer. 2.45 PrinL 3.15 Stoneydale. 3.45 Maftir. 4.15 
Northern Gunner. 4.45 Native Habitat. 5.15 Ben's Birdie. 

By Michael Seely 

2.15 Hany HuD. 3.15 Foolish Touch. 5.15 BENTS BIRIME (nap). 





7 000 

8 00 

10 2 
11 003 

15 008 

16 00440 

Evens Pnm. 2-1 Supreme State, 81 Entire, 81 Mr Berkeley, 181 others. 

3.15 SO LITER OF STIRLING HANDICAP (£1,973: 61) (20) 

1 024000 

4 000020 

5 004400 

6 040000 

8 004402 

9 120020 

4-1 Foofcsti Touch. 81 Sim 
81 Cumbrian Dancer. 181 Trade 


000001 MAFTTH (BltASfMI 
040302 MUSICAL wLl(B) 

4 301330 
7 031044 
11 200000 
12 0-0003 
15 Moon 

1 1 i~ i» l : 4. l ' : .ta A ^i < r4 A V ( 

81 Northern Riwr. 7-2 Musical VW. 4-1 Chabfesse. 81 Maftir. 182 ftefonned 
Hahn. 8i Sho w dance. >81 others. 

4.15 WIN WITH THE TOTE MAIDEN STAKES (£863: Im 40yd) (14) 

1 00000-0 

2 mxum 

3 0000-00 

4 00000/8 

5 0440 

6 0-00040 

7 00-009 

9 0 

10 OOtMOO 

12 000430 

13 0032*4 

M 00-0300 
15 0 

17 0000-40 


Dunlop’s Impressive 
filly high Hubner 

point for sets world 
Eddery mark 

From our Irish Racing From John WHcockson 
Correspondent, Dublin Colorado Springs 

An effortless victory on I East Europeans continued to 
Want To Be followed by a dominate the amateur events in 
controversial disqualification the world cycling champion- 
on Dane's Thatcher 30 minutes ships over the weekend, al- 
later marked the high and low though sometimes not 
points of Pal Eddery’s visit to according to expectations. Al- 

The Curragh on Saturday. though the victoty of the 

For the second successive defending pursuit champion 
year John Dunlop supplied the Viaichesfav Ekimov. of the 
winner of the group three Meld Soviet Union was predictable. 
Stakes with I Want To Be mere were upsets in both of the 
following in the footsteps of match sprints. 

Ulterior Motive. In the professional 5.000 me- 

Edderv was content to drop ires pursuit. Tony Doyle, of 
the 11^8 on favourite in last Great Britain, recorded Iw0 
place of the nine runners to personal bests in advancing to 
beyond halfway as Lipika set a the semi-finals, where he was 
strong pace. When asked for her due to meet the revelation of the 
effort I Want To Be cruised qualifying rounds, Jesper 
through the field and without Wane, of Denmark, 
being pushed out beat Catherine The most impressive of the 
Mary by 2Vi lengths. sprint victories was by Michael 

Dunlop said afterwards Hubner. of East Germany, in 
“Sheikh Mohammed kepi last the men s tournament. In one pj 
year’s Park Hill Stakes winner in the most dramatic and rapid 
" training for this year’s Ascot finals seen tn the 90-year history 
Gold C^ip. but in a slow-run race of the event,. Hubner overcame ; 

S asMS?.- 1 " a 

D£7’ S Thatcher wwjtao of his 


gramme, the ™engta ler ^ lin „ a WO rld 200 metres 

SSSrbS?to ««>«* of! 0.11 seconds in the 
taullced had to be switched to qualif yi ng time trial, he expert- 

the wide outside. cnced problems in the next two 

Unfortunately for Eddery fans rounds. 

Darcy's Thatcher now hung in. A fter a difficult defeat of 
badly hampering the English anolher soviet rider, Nikolai 
Challenger Quel Espnt, who in ^ ovche ^ in die quarter-finals, 
turn rolled in on top oflslana Hubner easily won his semj- 
Reef. That was the order ip against the East German, 

which the tno passed the post, BiH Hu ck. In the final. Hubner 
but following a stevraras in- jaegd dear to win the first heat 
quiry the Places <« Darcy s agains , Hcsslich after an in- 
Thatcher and Island Reef were lenninable series of tactical 
reversed, to the astonishment of SIan d_ sl ,Jis. but then he was 
most onlookers. decisively beaten by the defend- 

It may be an ominous sign for ing champion in the second. The 
followers of the Vincent O'Brien decider was a nail-biter, with the 
stable, whose thnee-year-okls ^vo men crossing the finishing 
have been so disappointing this jj ne locked together, but with 
season, that the stable produced Hubner taking the verdict 
three two-year-olds for Eddery The women's sprint also 
to ride. Golden Act, Elusive caused a surprise when 28-year- 
Quest and Blue Danube and old Christa Rothen burger, from 
none of them managed to finish r na Germany, entered the 
in the first four. world championship for the first 

— - time, and won the gold medal. 

In the final Rothenbuiger de- 
cisively defeated Erika 
Salumiaee from the Soviet 
Union, but Ekimov was an easy 
ws best winner of the 4,000 metres 


_ Kieren final. 

Amateur sprint Mai: M Hubner (EG), 
defeated l Hessflch (EG) 2-1: bronze 
medal ride: R Kuschy (EG), defeated B 
Huck (EG). 24 

Women’s sprint final: C Rothenburaer 
(EG), defeated E Satuntaee [USSR) 2-0; 
oranse medal ride; C Paraskevto (US), 
defeated N KrucheWtskaya (USSR). 2-0. 
Prafaaakmal KaMa Kmc 1. M Maarten 
(Bel); Z D Gtabken (WTO; 3. U F router 
(Swttz); 4. P Vemet (Fr); 5. M Wfetebead 
L 100-30 Fbwby Fteer. 81 Toffy's Ale. (USES. G Hatton (US). 

Jotor Master. 181 oftera. Pro teaal o nte 5JI00 mewa poraoH mmr- 

ter-finaia: G (West Garnwiy) BaOn 

• ■ 47.565. defeated A RondueffrK 5:60814; 

a . J. H Oersted (Den), & 41.62Z. defeated C 

selections Huber (US), caudrt on taj 12; A Doyle 

j (GB). 5:44.688. defeated J 

331111 - - VandenbroockalBen. caught on fep 12; J 

tint- 3.15 WarlMU Lady. 3.45 w«e (Dwk 844 J62. defeated S Wallace 
4.4S Kooky* Jto. 5-15 Ben-s iSSSjSi'Sl- ~»it 

quaUer*: 1. R Twlro (Ufa. 3min 42.1 58; 

t Correspondent 

5 Stoneydale. 3.45 Maftir. 4.15 3:47^2. Non-quolfyer. T Dark (GB). 
iritaL 5.15 Ben’s Birdie. Amataw moo me«re » tee m jpuraufi. 

J Seely aa m l flm iu. East Germany defeated 

dL 5.15 BENTS BIRDIE (nap). 



, Elliott has 
j wind in 
j his sails 

-e. 81 Mr Berkeley, 14-1 others. ®Y a COITeS OlMJent 

JAP (£1,973: 6f) (20) Seven days after rain washed 

the racing cars from the Super 
Prix street circuit, sport on 
wheels returns to Birmingham 
tonight as 60 professionals 
tackle round six of the Kelloggs 
city centre championships. 

Last week 31 riders survived 
Hurricane Charley in Cardiff 
and Malcolm Elliott sprinted 
through the storm to beat Allan 
Pci per and Shane Sutton, the 
Australians. Elliott took over 
the yellow jersey of series leader, 
but will have to break tradition 
to keep the lead. Over the past 
three years, the Birmingham 

Gnbfan chAta, 7 1 Knrflfl* roand h* 5 been won by PhD 

Anderaon, Allan Peiper and 

nr «H=t i IMR ctaitfc iftoa. im Gary. Sutton, all Australians. 
rlC SeLUNG STAKES (£784. Im Peiper arrives tonight and 

Shane Sutton, brother of Gary, 
EH^jsw^^cn^a is now in second place overall 

g b?® 1 * 5HSEEr 8 ? t “! l £ 

G Donald 7 » n "is ANC-Halfords squad is 
iCon nartcn a Phil Thomas, the 1 983 and 1 984 
5 S *2^J"5 Kelloggs champion, plus Joey 
cuSw m s McLoughiin first in the opening 
■ N cvffafe 1 event in Manchester and Milk 
Chabffsss, 81 Mattir. 182 Reformed Race winner. The cream is 

coming to the topL Sutton rides 

STAKES (£863: Im 40yd) (14) f or . F " con - ^ ^ l ? ave » fl Y 

1 /l ‘ tonight to snatch the yellow 

jersey from Elliott. ; 




'n i‘" r 

r> i -h 1 

a! ‘ 2 

u 182 Golden Guffder. 7-1 Sharia's Wknpey. 
Tit VWflow, 12-1 Miami Dolphin. 

(Mr# E Hewtaon) j S Wffson 4-84_ c Daw 9 

lagftan 4-&-1 T Lacae 6 

mps Thoroughbred Ptd) T Rtirhurst 4-s-l 

I Conuortan 2 
)McKnm 4 
S Webster 3 

>-i Broadhura, 81 Sharon's F 
Cricket House. 181 Brandon 

Im 40yd) (20) 1 


s oaarao tsjjo gypsy i 
7 413333 NATIVE HABnri 

SfiJJTOE (Mrs J de 
GODS LAW (BF) (li 

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Ifetitfe) C Tinkler J84., 
(R Wffson Jr) M Jam 8 

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5 Dmr 11 

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( ft Arfautiwoi) W PWTO&887 . N Cflano rtou § 

CADaeTTE (tbs M Steward W Hatti 4^.7 JHftMoia 

G000N SHARP (A DuHstd) G Catan 5-60 

STFBCILY BUSBE5S (CtorbUB Ud} R WhSater 4-7-11 SPGrK* 

. , 10830 M 80 Qypw. s-1 Vb^andra. 182 Gods Law 

81 Warplane. 81 Try Scorer. 181 Barracuda Bay. 12.1 Cacfenetfe. 14.1 Kooky's 


1 0000 H SHAflP (A DuHakfl G Gahm 5-80 
H0PT0H B CHANCE (H Cham) 5 JVWea 4-6 



Britannic Assurance county 
(Ilj)to 6a0. 110 wars mWmutrt 

■a .1 Mnrtn.Tn n, nn » A .1 ih. iin.rt. — - - . , __ -■ LaCTSTER.- Lfltc es tarahiro » Bamareef 

8-. aSS’SGS: StfBSfaS 


SSSSB-SV* 1 " - ’"- 

7 Etoe y £) a Young Crtcketurs Test match 

413333 KATWEI^AT^!^^ ^34IG TRENT BRIDGE: England v Sri M - 


JAIE^ BRAVE BOYill^q? “'‘fltetnmff 


BOOS LAW (BF) (Mrs V Rttosort MreG ftewiey 8811 JMfe 13 Nunoaton v Baft. 

ARABIAN Bu^S IC1 ff Marrim M Ltatiar SSa iMB/i LEAGUE: PrantiM <8 

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a MLTA«a S(S)(Qtato«-5ia Ud) K S*™ L**™* Hanrtcft RUt v 

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STTflCILY BUSBESS (CtonWTB Ltd} R Whitakar 4-7-11 SPGrtffttaS bL^i J25Z l>n 2LJZ& 

*.i J** °^ x 3- M Vlr^andra, 182 Gods Law 

81 Wteptane. 81 Try Scorer. 181 aarraaSTiy. 181 Cadenetfe. 14-1 Koc*y S p£ 


4 432404 GRtartH A teeandar] Denw Sm«i 5-8-7 ~LCbnodc7 GREAT MILLS WES^otS^EaS^ Ffelt 

5 210330 CAROUSEL TOCXET (C-D) (A SaccomandtiTR^wiaakar 89-5 0 2 Y*£l **Sy, ■ 


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81 Ben's Ordte, 181 Wastray. 12-1 lean. 181 Apple MroTlG-latfm. Qre " 0, **£*£*& Wamnglmlnrtaltoo 

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4 432404 GREED (HAtea 

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ii\ l \ i 




Tottenham can 
provide the 
men En glan d 

will need 

■ d L ^wo *Ponths after seeing his 

J n l!?f d rr representatives 
jjuaged off the world stage by 
Maradona, Bobby Robson is 
Ip usher them towards the 

door to Europe. Today he is to 

announce his squad for then- 
lone practice match against 
Sweden in Stockholm on 

■ Wednesday week, before they 
enter the qualifying stages 
.next month. 

Robson states, not surpris- 
ingly, that “there will not be 
many, if any, new feces". It is 
5not a notion of loyalty, so 
reminiscent of Sir Alf Ram- 
; .sey. Nor is it a gesture of 
; 4' gratitude to players, whose 
behaviour and attitnde 
throughout the extended sum- 
mer tour could scarcely have 
been better. 

He is merely reasserting his 
■feith in their ability. “They 
were ihe best 22 in the conntry 
then, and they are now”, he 
says, “apart from maybe one 
or two youngsters.” Injuries, 
the usual complaint, have 
forced him to erase the names 
pf five of his chosen men. 

* Two of them. Bailey and 
Wright, were afflicted before 
the party left for their training 
If camp in Colorado Springs last 
T May. Bailey travels neverthe- 
less, though he has not yet 
felly recovered. Neither have 
Fenwick and Reid, whose 
injuries were inflicted during 
the tournament itself in Mex- 
ico, nor Bryan Robson, who 
waits for his pinned shoulder 
jo heal. 

- The holes are in defence 
rather than in attack and 
Robson is not expected to fill 
all of them. Watson, now of 
Everton, was almost included 
at the end of last season and be 
should, on reflection, have 
4 been preferred to Martin, who 
is unable to take his con- 
fidence and composure with 
him from West Ham United 
mto the international arena. 

Stewart Robson, of Arsenal, 
has long been considered the 
natural replacement for his 
namesake. England's captain, 
and was certain to be pro- 
moted from the nnder-21 
Squad until he limped away 
from Anfield on Saturday. He 
and Watson, overlooked since 
the tour of South America two 
years ago,' ire noTifig only 
likely introductions. 

! Sansorn, whose run m the 
side is longer even than 
Shilton's, was the lone mem- 
ber of the World Cup squad 
■without a genuine understudy. 

> Fenwick, one of the emer- 

gency left backs, is unavailable 
and Robson is expected to 
turn for cover to the dub that 
has become his most regular 

Four years ago it was Liver- 
pool More recently it was 
Everton. Now it is Tottenham 
Hotspur. Of the side that sits 
on top of the Fust Division 
table, having beaten Manches- 
ter City 1-0 at White Han 
Lane on Saturday, no fewer 
than eight have been selected 
by Robson during his reign 
and another, Danny Thomas, 
was their substitute. David 
Pleat's new club is littered 
with the past, the present and 
possibly the future of England. 

Allen, Clemence, who 
sprained an ankle in the 
opening minutes but was un- 
troubled thereafter, Mabbutt 
and Roberts, the scorer of 
Saturday's lone goal with a 
typically - thunderous drive, 
are the old boys. Hoddle, 
Stevens and Waddle were in 
favour last term and trill 
undoubtedly be so now. 
Mitchell Thomas is the new 

A graduate from the Youth 
Opportunities Scheme, 
Thomas is a leaner, taller 
version of. Carl Lewis, the 
American sprinter. Their hair 
styles are similar and their 
speed is not so very different 
Promisingly sharp in defence 
and sound in the air, Thomas 
is therefore dangerous when 
he breaks up the left flank. 

He was outstanding in both 
roles against City, but Pleat 
was reluctant to praise the 
youngster he brought with 
him mom Luton Town. “He 
did well and he has a great 
future but I’ve got to play him 
down,” be said. “Otherwise I 
will get more letters telling me 
I’ve routed my old dob.” 

Gough, his other ac- 
quisition, threatens to extend 
the line of talented Scots at 
Tottenham that have included 
Brown, Mackay, White and 
Giteean. The competence of 
the two arrivals prompted 
Billy McNeill, City's manager, 
to claim that “they are more 
solid at the bade and they are a 
better side than last year”. 

Clemence; G Stavens. M Thomas. G 
Roberts, R Gough, G Mabbutt C 
Uteddle, J CNeoazia, C Alien, G 
Hoddle, A Galvin. 

MANCHESTER CfTY: P Sucfcflng; A 
May (sub, G Baker), C Wilson, S 
Redmond, M McCarthy, K 
Clements, N McNab. I BrfghtweH, T 
Christie, G Davies, P Simpson. 
Referee: R Hamer (Avon). 

his safe 

Scottish FA to act 

By Hugh Taylor 

Hibernian — ..... 



The Scottish Football Associ- 
ation seem certain this week to 
order another comprehensive 
inquiry, this lime into incidents 
which took place at Easter 
Rood, the ground of Hibernian, 
on Saturday. 

* Less than a fortnight after 
players of Hibernian and Rang- 
ers were punished, following a® 
investigation into the violence 
which broke out on the Easter 
'Road pitch on the opening day 
of the season, there was trouble 
■among the spectators during the 
'Edinburgh derby with Heart of 
Midlothian. Fourteen arrests 
were made and several spec- 
tators needed first aid tr eatm ent 
after brawls on the terracing 
spilled onto the track. Coins 
were thrown onto the pitcij as 
fighting continued and two 
Hearts players, Walter Kidd and 
Craig Levein. were hit. Celtic 
officials were taken aback when 
they heard yesterday that Hiber- 

nian are blaming supporters of 
the Glasgow club for the trouble 
which led to the match being 
held up for an extra eight 
minutes at the interval. It was 
alleged that a bus-load of Celtic 
supporters from the H ig h la n ds, 
on their way to yesterday's 
match with Glasgow, had 
turned up in Edinburgh- In a 
statement after the match, Mr 
Gregor Cowan, a Hibernian 
director, said: “We disassociate 
ourselves from the trouble.” 
Celtic officials poured scorn on 
the allegation. 

Hibernian lost the match with 
Hearts 1-3 to add to the gloom 
of their afternooruAnd of other 
premier Division matches 
played on Saturday, Dundee 
United looked more than ever 
the most accomplished of the 
title contenders when they beat 
St Mirren 3-0. Aberdeen were 
too sharp for Dundee, winning 
2-0. Falkirk earned their first 
points of the season at the 
expense of Clydebank, and 
Hamilton continued to struggle, 
losing 0-3 at home to Mother- 

First division 

Cow«y CKy 1 

Liverpool 2 

'Luton Town fl 

■nhnchoatorUU 0 

Norwich City 4 

NoWnghamlftr 1 

QxfofJ United 0 

OPR . 1 

•StwffMd Wod 2 

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Outgunned by Rush: the Liverpool forward scoring the winning goal a gains t Arsenal 

Hebberd Liverpool’s major 
trnifmie asset appreciates 

U. -A Ulv By Clive White Rush sped on towards the K< 

By Nicholas Harling Uvemool 2 iS&JStZ 

By Clive White 

Oxford United 0 

West Ham United 0 

Playing as sweeper in a 5-1 
defeat at White Hart Lane does 
not exactly augur well for the 
next time: Yet judging from the 
way Trevor Hebberd readjusted 
to his occasional position on 
Saturday, it looked as if he had 
put all recollections of that 
indignity at the hands ofTotten- 
ham Hotspur last season out of 
bis mind. 

It was as though Hebberd bad 
rediscovered his true vocation 
in football as he gave an 
immaculate per fo rm a nce, lord- 
ing it over the twin raiders who 
had made life such bell for so 
many defences last season. 
Colter, who is expected to sit 
among England's substitutes in 
Stockholm on Wednesday .week, 
might just as well have not been 
there, and McAvennie found the 
combined attentions of 
Hebberd and Shotton beyond 
him, apart from the odd dev- 
astating buret of pace. 

“It was easy, really,’’ Hebberd 
said. Usually a midfield man, be 
gave the kmd of display that 
made one wonder why Oxford 





Rush sped on towards the Kop 
to despatch a low, left-footed 
drive almost instinctively from 
that familiar inside left position 






By David Powell 

Manchester United — .... 0 
Chariton Athletic 1 

After losing their opening 
three games of the season, all 
against London opposition, 
Manchester United can only 
gain from being one of the few 
first division dubs without a 
League fixture this midweek. 
Ron Atkinson, the United man- 
ager. takes his team to Hearts for 
a friendly tomorrow with the 
sound of disenchanted support- 
ers still ringing in his ears, but 
whatever measures be takes in 
Scotland to find his team's lost 
rhythm may be less significant 
than the possible return of 
Robson and Moses, who have 
yet to play following injury, at 
Leicester City next Saturday. 

Robson’s inspiration is ur- 
gently needed for. Suachan, 
Olsen and McGrath apart. 
United looked Like a team who ; 
have been playing together too 1 
long and know their luniiations. 

Atkinson attributed defeat to 
loss of confidence. At home to 
Chariton? Surely dol Here were 
players who seemed to have 
given up the championship race 
almost before it had begpin: if we 
cannot keep the goodies from i 
Merseyside after winning our 
first ten games, what chance do 



Ulster battling to 
halt drift away 

made one wonder why Oxford 
had come so dose to letting him 
join Queen's Park Rangers be- 
fore the season began. He had 
been asked to return to the role 
the day before by Maurice 
Evans, the Oxford manager, 
because West Ham’s front two 
are “so quick and alive”, and as 
a player “happy to do whatever 
■the - boss wants”, Hebberd duly 
obliged, chesting a ball down 
here, winning a tackle there, 
besides making the occasional 
Beckenbauer-type sortie. Nor 
was be ever found wanting in 
the air. 

Hebberd also had rather more 
good fortune than Steve 
Perryman, the last sweeper Ox- 
ford employed against West 
Ham. He had given away two 
penalties apainst them lan sea- 
son. This time his crisp tackling 
in midfield allied to the 
beavering of Phillips and the 
overlaps of Langan gave Oxford 
an edge that would have brought 
them a deserved victory had 
Shotton been a fraction more 
accurate with a booming free 
kick in the 52nd minute. As it 
was, that shot threatened to 
demolish not only the visitors’ 
unbeaten record but Parkes’s 
left-hand upright. 

Aldridge, in the first half and 
Charles, after the interval, also 
came close often enough to 
suggest that West Ham's 
championship ambitions need 
closer inspection. Their man- 
ager, John LyaU, described the 
game as “hard and difficult” 
“Certainly it was far from easy 
for us. W e had to prove our 
resilience," the West Ham man- 
ager, added. And so they had. 
Trwick. L PHfips. Q Briggs, M_ShCfan, R 

If the president of Juventus 
bad been at Anfield on Sat- 
urday, he would not have 
wanted to wait another second, 
□ever mmd until the February 
deadline, to take up his club’s 
option to buy Ian Rush for £3.2 
million. Such an inconceivable 
sum never looked more like a 
bargain. Rush was irresistible 
and looked, more significantly, 

This was one of those occa- 
sions when yon could say, 
undeniably, that without him 
Liverpool would not have won 
and, as George Graham, the 
Arsenal manager, fantasized, 
would most certainly have lost 
had he been playing for the 
o position. “I think they’d better 
keep him as Jong as possible;” 
Graham said. 

Graham appreciates the value 
of major assets. Thai was why 
his first decision upon being 
appointed manager was to insist 
that Nicholas's transfer to Liver- 
pool or anywhere else was 
vetoed. Having said that Nicho- 
las did bis reputation here no 
harm with a sharp, eager display 
that reminded us what an 
exceptional player he can be. 
But even in his present striking 
role he is no Rush. He is no 
Dalglish either, though his 
contribution to this game was 
far more substantial than that of 
the Liverpool player-manager. 

uai laiuiiui nuiut mi |wamuu 1™. i-i™ f- _ u , 

into the far comer of the net. If '^ 0 have ,osu * 

only (Jbe unemployed of Liver- lw ° 

pool had a pound for every time 
they had seen him do that. 

The nearest thing to Rush 
may be no further away than 
Anfield itself Walsh showed 
something of that quicksilver 
quality when, out-scoring even 
Rush, he hit 10 goals in 12 full 
games in the middle of last 
season before an ankle injury 
embed such audaciousness. He 
has yet to recover from that 
injury — received in February — 
after another operation this 
summer. For the time being, at 
least, Liverpool can rely on 
Rush, though for all his lurking 
threat, it was Arsenal who as a 
unit moved the more menac- 
ingly. Nicholas and the mighty 
Quinn, who succeeded in 
disturbing the normally 
imperturbable Hansen, will an- 
other day be more fittingly 
rewarded. Dalglish conceded it 
was the best Arsenal perfor- 
mance he bad seen since he 
arrived at Anfield. Graham felt 
that “with the boll we were very 
good, without it we were very 
poor”. One had to agree with 

A win at Old Trafford in your 
third game back in the first 
division after 29 years away will 
take some living up to. Lenny 
Lawrence, the Chariton man- 
ager, knows that. So there was 
no self-congratulation, no gloat- 
ing over beaten giants, no 
suggestion that Charlton would 
finish any higher than half-way 
up the table come the season’s 
end. Instead there was caution. 
Charlton may not look a first 
division team yet. but Lawrence 
is talking like a first division 

When the final whistle blew 
the team which was assembled 
for less money than it would 
take to buy any one Manchester 
United first team player ran to 
their supporters, hugging each 
other as if Mark Stuart’s 49th 
minute goal had sealed some 
momentous cup result. Law- 
rence beaded straight for the 
dressing room, his exuberance 
contained. “We face Wtmble- 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Ulster..^.. 44 

International XV 48 

Although some 9,000 people 
went to Ravenhfl] on Saturday 
to watch Ulster play an Inter- 
national XV m a chanty match, 
the long-term problems facing 
the province reflea those of 
other pans of the United King- 
dom: how to stem the drift away 
from rugby and ensure consis- 
tent support for what has been, 
over the past three years, the 
most successful provincial side 
in Britain. 

Before their 6-4 defeat against 
Queensland last January, Ulster 
had won IS successive games 
and their efforts to bring sides of 
the highest quality to Belfast go 
on. They will entertain a Ca- 
nadian touring side on Septem- 
ber 24. the Fijian Barbarians in 
November and are still looking 
for overseas excursions. 

“One of the virtues of this 
current Ulster side is that they 
are prepared to commit them- 
selves to rugby as well as just 
playing it" Ken Reid, the Ulster 
secretary, said. “They give time 
to schoolboys in ihe summer, 
they run clinics for young 
potential senior Ulster players. 
But we are concerned when we 
look at the minor dubs and find 
they are not full of up-and- 
coming players." 

Players from six countries 
were drawn to offer a sample of 
their skills to an appreciative 
audience on Saturday. In the 
process they contributed to the 
trust fund set up for Ken 
McCormack, the young CTYMS 
prop who brolte his neck in a 
dub game last year and is now 
confined to a wheelchair. 

Ringland, the international 
wing, worked hard to bring a 

to lead 

Ireland, who will award caps 
for the first time against a non- 
I me manorial Board country 
when they play Romania in 
Dublin on November I. will 
field a Young Ireland side 
against the touring C anadians at 
Lansdowne Road on September 
27 (David Hands writes). 

good invitation side to Belfast, 
and was helped by MacNeill’s 
connections with one of his 
former dubs. Racing Club de 
France. Three Frenchmen ap- 
peared. none of whose names 
may mean much to British 
enthusiasts but who produced 
that characteristic French speed 
and handling ability. 

Roussel a wing, scored three 
tries and set up a fourth for his 
colleague Guiflard. Blanc, the 
third Frenchman, gave way al 
half-time to Irwin, the former 
Irish centre making a comeback 
to senior rugby after so badly 
damaging medial ligaments last 
December that he thought he 
would not play again. 

The international side, puff- 
ing hard in the second half, won 
48-44 and. if Dennis Templeton 
had not kept a sharp epe on his 

watch. Ulster, showing their 
traditional commitment if not 
their usual understanding, 
would surely have drawn leveL 
Matthews, the Ireland flanker, 
scored three tries for Ulster. 

SCORERS: UtMK Tries: Matmews (3J. 
WAireon. RngiancL Russes. Cron, Mor- 
row. Conversions: Russefl (6V tatof- 
nettanal XV: Titos: Roussot (3L Davies (2). 
White (2V Gudiart. M«*nae. Conversions: 
MBcNeU(4). Thorbum {2^. 

ULSTER: C WUunson (MflJoneJ: T 
Ringland (Bsftnnenst. W Harbinsan (Ma- 
lone J. J Kawttr (NIFCL K Ctoasan 
(Instontarat P Ituaaal (tastonora), R 
Brady (BaUjmena); P Kennedy (London 

i ] i > 4 .wAy 'l p ■- 1 1 1 JRjwy W « I i W m- 


party of 
captained by Hans de Goede, 
their veteran lock, and include 
Gareth Rees, who played for 
Wasps last season. Apart from 
Ulster and Young Ireland, they 
will play Leinster on October 1 
and Connacht three days later. 
• The Edinburgh XV to meet 
Kent this evening on the 
opening day of the season 
indudes two newcomers, full- 
back Chris Spence and scrum- 
half Julian Scott (Idn 
McLauchlan writes). 

TEAM: C Some* (Stowmfa MaMta); N 
Frisfceo (Borougtvmjjr). S Hastings 
(WMsoirans). O Johnston (Watsooians}. P 
HawIK (Harlots FP): G Forbes 
[Watsorwns). J Scott (Stewart’s MeMtefc 
A Brcwafer (Stewart's MaMUa). K UBne 
[Hanots FPj, D Mtoe (Hanots FP). J 
Rtcfasrdaoft (Edntxiigh Academicals). S 

on Tuesday night 
must be professional about it," 
he said. “We must ensure we do 

Graham that there was a hint of the same job. I have told the 

a home town decision about the 
penalty which gave Liverpool 
the lead when Molby cannoned 
off O'Leary as be tried tojink his 

players that if we are beaten at 
home by Wimbledon, we are 
back to square one." 

It did not need Steve Jones's 

who was as untidy as most of even more unfair on 

way into a shooting position. If undoing over 42 kilometres m 
the decision was unfair on Stuttgart that afternoon to re- 
Arsenal the penalty kick was mind Lawrence that the League 

those around him. 

Liverpool may find replacing 
Rush as daunting a task as it was 
to find a successor — or succes- 
sors — to Souness. Now that 
Lineker has left these shores 
there is no one dse until the kind 
of pace and uncomplicated fin- 
ish that Rush demonstrated 
□ever more thrillizrely than in 
the 57th minute what Molby, 
seizing on an error by the 
otherwise impressive Adams, 
squeezed through a ball for the 
Welsh whippet to chase. Not for 
the first time, the leggy O’Leary 
found himself short of pace as 

Stuttgart that afternoon to re- 
mind Lawrence that the League 
season requires marathon pace 
goalkeeper, Lukic, beaten by a sustained over 42 games. “We 
ferocious drive from the strap- still have to keep building. I 

g ’ng Dane. Hooper, standing in need some players with first 
r the still-injured GrobbeJaar, division experience because so 
had already denied Nicholas, many of mine don't hav.e it. It's 
and within three minutes, Arse- a great time to buy: alien you 
nal were leveL Adams, the are at the bottom of the League 

young centreback, pouncing on 
a downward Anderson header to 
score with Rusb-like alacrity. 
LIVERPOOL: M Hooper B Ventaon, G 
G R e a p i n . M Lawrenson. R Wheten, A 
Hansan, K Oakji&ti, C Johnson. I Rush. J 
Mofoy, S McMahon. 

ARSENAL: J Lukic; V Anderson, K 
Sansorn. D O'Leary, A Adame. D 
FtocasUe. S Robson (sub. S WOtamsk P 
Davis. C Nlcbotes. N Qtenn. G Ftoc 
Referee: G M Tyson (Swderiand). 

you are pressured into buying 
and make mistakes.” 

DuxtMY. A Albtetnn. N Whttorid (Sub: T 
GB*on£ P McGrath. K Moran, G 
Stractmv C Blucfcmore. F Stapleton, P 
Davenport J Olsen. 

phrey. M Rent G Shgley. S Thompson. P 
ShMItt, R Lee. S GrttL J Pearson, M 
Aiztewood, M Stuart 
Referee: A Smite (Birmingham). 

Melvi9e), F Gaidar {Stewart's MaMta), C 
MtaarfWotsonans). Substitutes: B Brown 
(Edntmrgh Academicals). S Johnston 

• Hawick opened tbeir season 
by winning the Selkirk Sevens. 
Greg Oliver, their scrum-half, 
scored 24 points and was named 
player of the tournament. 



By Michael Stevenson 

Liverpool St Helens..... 10 
Aberavon 3 

The recent merger between 
Liverpool the oldest open rugby 
club in the world (founded 
1857), and St Helens, founded 
by the Old Boys of Cowley 
School in 1919, was launched 
yesterday with an excellent vic- 
tory over Aberavon. 

Aberavon. with wind advan- 
tage. made far too many mis- 
takes in the first half and only 
led uneasily through a penalty 
kicked after 35 minutes by 
Lewis, their stand-off half. The 
game came vividly to life after 
the break when a rebound off 
Simms fell into the appreciative 
hands of his colleague, Wellans, 
who raced in for tbe first try 1 7 
minutes into the second half 

SCORERS: Liverpool St Haim: Tries: 
Waltons. Moms. Convorekxr Simms. 
AtwmvoK Penalty: Lewis. 

Tamer. N Sirtuns, B Wellans. G Appleton; 

I JsMrey. G Jonm P Rotmira. K RaoML G 
Chubb. T Morris. M Hale. J McKeon. J 
Hescott, D Ctkttow. 

ABERAVON: A Stewart P Jonas. A 
Jones, G Matthews. R Djptock; M Lewis, 
R Gitas; D Joseph, M Thomas, R Davtas, 
□ Moore, I Brown, J Jenkins. P Yarttoy 
(rep: DBtanesa), A Thornes. 

Referee: J Horning (Scotland). 


Suffering the big city blues S i. a hM captains India 

Manchester United are not 
the only big city dub with 
problems. The first League ra- 
bies of 1986-87 also make grim 
reading for Aston Villa, who are 
without a point after three 

S mes and propping up the first 

It could be argued that Villa's 
manager. Graham Turner, is 
under more pressure than bis 
United counterpart, Ron Atkin- 
son. Villa escaped relegation last 
season only with the utmost 
difficulty and Turner must have 
been looking for an immediate 
improvement after his recent 
activity in the transfer maricet- 

By Vince Wright 

On an afternoon when goals 
were embarrassingly scarce — 
there were only 32 m the top two 
divisions — the match between 
Norwich City and Sooth&raptoa 
at Carrow Road stood ouL 
Norwich won 4-3 after being 2-0 
down at half-timeNorwich's 
second-half revival was cli- 
maxed by Bruce's winner and 
the dismissal of Southampton's 
fullback, Dennis. 

It was a good day for the long 
bail specialists. Wimbled mi 
gained their second victory in a 
week at Plough Lane, where a 
goal by Cork was enough to 
defeat Leicester Gty, goals in 
each half by Chamberlain and 

frowick.LPMi^G&SS'MS^bon!n However, Saturday’s 1-0 reverse each half by Chamberlain and 
^ jHtoingSrJ oSST T at Queen’s Park Rangers fol- Gregory enabled Sheffield 
_ towed defeats by Tottenham Wedtoasday to beat a dis- 
UNTtytt p Parifas, R Stew- Hotsdut and Wimbledon to appointing' Chelsea 2-0 at 

Hotspur and -Wimbledon to 
Su&wtTm wbto^f mcmSms. a completed a week, of capital 

Dickens. A Cottee. N Or. 

Hotspur and Wimbledon to appointing 
completed a week of capital Hillsborou] 
punishment Bannister scored thanks to j 
in the second half for Rangers. ' equalizer 

Chelsea 2-0 at 
(h and Watford, 
llissctt’s second-half 
and Co ton’s fine 


Third division 

Bournemouth 2 H a wpa rt Cwn l y 1 

Bristol Raven 1 Bolton Wandrs o 

Bury 1 Chaster 1 

CaifistolM 2 YorXCSty 2 

CfaasterlMd S mates* _ 2 

Darlington 2 Mansfield Town 1 

Doncaster Rm 2 Brantford 0 

Fulham 0 Btocfcpool 1 

GflBnghsm 1 Bristol City 1 

Port vote . 1 Rothart wi Utd 1 

Wigan Ath 0 MUteesbroaSh 2 

Port Vote 
Wigan Ath 



lift Jl to 



SWINDON <0) 1 NOTTS CO (1) 2 
White McPariand. 

7.350 Gootfwki 

PW D L F A Pte 

Bristol Rovers 2 2 0 0 * 0 6 

Notts Corny 2 2 0 0 4 1 6 

JwoS^reWft 2 1 1 0 4 2 4 

Bownatnomfi 2 1 1 0 3 2 4 

ChestertWd 2 1 1 0 3 2 4 

iket fits ? : s 

Doncaster Rvr» 2 10] 3 2 3 

Mansfield Town 2 ] 0 1 3 3 3 

Swindon Town 2 ] 0 ] 3 3 3 

HU 2 i I 
B?°* i 0 1 0 i 1 1 

Chester 2 0 2 0 3 3 2 

Port vale 2 0 2 0 3 3 2 

Rotherham Utd 2 0 2 0 i 1 2 

Fulham 2 0 1 1 ? J ] 

Brentford 5 211 1 5 1 

Newport Coumy 2 0 0 2 2 4 0 

BoturiWendrs 2 o o 2 is 0 

WalsaS ' 2 0 0 2 2 6 0 

WjgtaiA&t 2 0 0 2 0 4 0 

Queen's Perk Rangers 1, Watford Z 
Tottenham 1, Arsenal 0; West Hem 3, 
Chariton 6. Second dw i toa ri ; Bourne- 
mouth 5. WmttedOri 1: CeSctwster a 
Tottenham 1; Luton 1, Bromon Z Oxford 
United 3. Crystal Pataca ft Southampton 
4, Bristol Rows O’ Sou&nnd D. Horn- 
amtofl 3: Swnd on 5, Re ading 0. 

mtardMatoR Barnstaple J. MangotsflaU 
1, Bristol City 0. CMppentnm 0: Bdetort 
1, Ltskeart it Mfnshead 0. Ewnouth 4; 
Rome 0. Dawtoti 1 

ESSEX SENIOR LEAGUE: Brigtittlngsaa 
1. Bowers 1. Burnham 3. Purflaet 0: 
Carney toteM 4. Sonsted t: East Ham 2. 
Msidon 1. Eton Manor 0. CMmskxtt 1. 
Ford 2. Sawbndgaworttt 3: Halstead 0. 
Brentwood 0; WMtam 1. EanThurrock 1 
North Fenaby 4. Long Eaton 1. Boston t. 
BritBngton Trinity Z Best % Victoria 4. 
Eastwood 1 Harrogate 0. Amatoit 3 

Fourth (hvision 

Aldershot 1 W a h a rtt a mpten 2 
Sunday 1 Sc iUio fpetJM 0 

CaodndgelAd 1 HsltaTown 0 
CanHIC&y 0 RocMata 0 

Ctrar/UH 1 HamtoidUtd 2 
Orient 1 B — te m di 0 

Preston N-End 2 Swansea 1 

Wrex ha m 1 Lincoln City. 1 


Banjarrtn 3.558 

PW D L F A Pte 
-Cambridge Utd 2 2 0 0 3 1 6 

Ltncofo CttY 2 1 1 0 4 2 4 
Tranmera Rvrs 2 110 3 t 4 
Preston N-End 3 2 1 0 3 2 4 
Burnley- 2 V 1 0 2 l 4 

ExemrCIty 2 110 2 1 4 
Hereford Utd 2 1 1 D 2 1 4 
Swansea City 2 10 1 4 2 3 
Northampton 2 10 1 3 2 3 
Peterborough 2 10 1 2 1 3 
Wohwhjtmpm 2 10 1 3 3 3 
HatttxTown 2 10 11 1 3 
Orient 2 10 1 1 1 3 

Scottish premier division 

Aberdee n 2 Dundee 

Clydebank 1 FaMrk 

Dundee Utd 3 StMbran • 
Hamilton O Mte h e n eefi 

Nbamtan 1 Hearts 



Durant > 

goalkeepiog, earned a creditable 
1-1 draw at Nottingham Forest. 

Wimbledon, wbo have 
moved into fourth place, al- 
ready have six points, which is 
six more than some cynics said 
they would obtain in this their 
first season in the first division. 

Coventry City, boosted by 
their unexpected midweek vic- 
tory over Arsenal were quickly 
into their stride against Everton. 
Pickering pot them in front, but 
Everton finished much tbe 
stronger and should have had 
more to show than an equalizer 
by their substitute. Marshall 

Tbe most notable win in the 
second division was by Shef- 
field United at Leeds, although 
the deciding goal by PhiUiskiric, 
looked well offside. The top 
three sides, Birmtngham City, 
Hull City and Oldham Athletic 
all lost their 100 percent record. 

Scottish first division 

BrecMnCtty 0 Forfar Alh 

. By Sydney Frisian 

Mohammed Shahid, who has 
earned more than ISO inter- 
national caps, has been chosen 
to lead India in the Asian 
Games tournament in Seoul, at 
the end of this month and in the 
World Cup tournament starting 
in London on October 4. In 
Seoul India ought to meet 
Pakistan, their traditional ri- 
vals, in the finaL But the path to 
tbe World Cup final wilt be a 
tougher proposition. 

Despite their superb skills, 
India have had few successes in 
the international field since they 
won the 1980 Olympic title in 
Moscow from a poor field of 
only six teams. Inconsistency 
and the lack of a sharpshooter 
have been their main problems. 
And the present squad, with an 
average age of 24. will need to 

work hard io overcome West 
Germany and Australia for a 
place in the semi-finals. 

There is no lack of experience 
in the New Zealan d team, who 
play their first World Cup 
match against England at noon 
on October 4. Jeff Archibald, 
their captain, aged 32, and 
Ramesh Patel the vice-captain, 
aged 31, are both members of 
the 1976 Olympic gold medal 
side in Montreal The side 
indudes Peter Misldmmin, wbo 
played for Hounslow in the 
London League for two seasons. 

INDIA: R S RawaL NlkonuJ Singh. Paraat 
Singh, Vlneet Kumar, Motonder Pal Sangh. 
Hartfeep Singh, M Sonata. 8 K 
Subraniani. AtxU Aziz, Motarnnod 
Shahid. Jagdrap Stagh. Balwindor Skigh. 
Thotoa Singh. Ram Pratash Stngh.TWSn 

NEwZEALAND: J ArchtoakJ, C Brown. L 
Gtetaa G McLaori. G Pieros, J Smith. A 
Unte. P Mskunmo. Ramesh PeteLP Dao. 
C LbsSb. J Meflnmh, J Radowomcn, R 
wason. I Woodley. S Norton. 

Dundee Utd 










St Mirren 


5 4 1. 0 9 3 

S 3 1 1 10 3 

5 3 11 7 2 

5 3 11 5 2 

5 3 0 2 6 4 

5 3 0 2 7 6 

5 2 1 2 3 3 

5 13 1 5 6 

5 113 3 5 

5 113 3 11 

5 0 2 3 2 7 

5 0 0 5 1 9 



Mfim inn 

Queen or sth 



Queen of Sth 




Forfar Ath 





Brechin Chy 

2 East Fite 4 

1 Ahdrtaontami 2 

0 Dumbarton 3 

0 Clyde 0 

2 KBmamocic 1 

P W D L F A Pte 
5 3 2 0 8 2 8 
5 4 0 1 7 4 S 
5 2 3 0 5 2 7 

5 3 0 2 8 5 6 

5 2 1 2 11 8 5 

5 2 1 2 10 8 5 
5 2 1 2 7 6 5 

5 1 3 1 11 12 5 

5 1 2 2 6 8 4 

5 0 3 2 4 7 3 

5 0 3 2 3 8 3 

5 0 1 4 2 12 1 

CanrfCtfy 2 0 2 0 1 t 2 

Rochdale 2 0 2 0 1 i 2 

Wrexham 2 0 2 0 1 i 2 

Torquay Ufo 2 0 i 1 i 2 1 

Crowe Ate* 2 0 1 1 2 3 1 

ScudhnpaUtd 2 0 1 1 2 3 1 

CotehesfflT Utd 2 0 1 1 2 4 1 

Southend UH 2 0 11 1 3 1 
Aldershot 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 

Stockport 2 0 0 2 0 5 0 

FA CUP: P reM minw y repaid: Hsmel Hamp- 
stead 2. Batdocfc Z March 1. Hutton 1; 
Berkh&msted 1, Tiptrw 1; FeSxstawa 0. 
By 1: Awtey 0. Homchoreh 1; Basikton 3, 
Pottun 1; Hoddesdon 0. Qnsat Yarmouth 
Z Cheshurri 1, Rainham Z Sudbury 5, 
Gorteston fc Batorlcay 0. Stowmaritot Z 
Harwich and Paricestene Z Oofltar Row 0: 
Soham 0. Hertford 1, Boreham Wood Z 
Egham Z Burnham end Httngdon 0, 
Raynats Lane t; Edgwaro 2. GorfottMn- 
Cosuata Z Chasham 1. MflVopoktan 
Police Z CrOcfcenMI 1. Ftftham 5; 
0. Bite end Betadere 0: Atone 
SbuthaB 0: Ctapton 0. Yeaong 

auoh t. Rackwen Heath n 

Merathem a Leyionstone/iitort 6:^ Treig 1 . 
Criertsejr 3i Burgas® Hul a Staines Z 
Chatham 0. vauxhall Motors 0: 

Sitengbourna 1. Dorking 1; Epsom and 
EwetiVThree Bridges Z Horsham YMCA 
0. Haringey Borough3; RadhB &MMden- 
hcad urated Z Dover 0. Tunbrkfoe wws 
0: Moisey 0, Wick Z Leattwhew 1. 
Eastbourne Town 1; Alnwick 1, 
Guisbor«Bh ft Gonsett 0. AntOaU PVn 
a Fwrytvf AfoSetfc 1. DarUngun Ctevo- 
land Brroge Z AaWngton 0. Seeftam Red 
Star 1: North Shields* Dertafiy 1: Norton 
end Stockton Anoents 1. NewcastW Bfoo 
Star 1. Rytwee CA 1. Fartiey Cattle 1; 
Durtwn Oty2. ShMon 1i Reetwood 2, 
Ckthenw 1: Northateton ft Gastev 4; 

Dtowen 2, West Auckland 0; tJndey fork 
weBare ft Ewiwood ft Thackfey 1, 
BtetherfiaW ft Aahton ft teoett Agtori ft 

Bootle 2. Betpar ft Burewugh ft WteyO; 

Formby 1. Dreytaien V. CuraonAsntonft 
AmiSoroe Welfare Z Hemdten 2. 
Wtedng aTlhanetO. Lowwft Easteoinie 
Untod 1. Portfiild II Andover 1, SMtnq 
Sports ft Petenflekt ft Ha#sh*n fl 
Havant 1. Rtetanck 1: Brockenhurst ft 
Wesfoury ft Oanttom 1 Aung don 1; 

Eastwood Hanley 3; Sutton Town 6, 
Stataridge Celtic Z Wateal wood ft 
Skemersdaie 1: Biston 1. Lye Z Bngg 5, 
Arnold 4; Leicester United ft Friar One 
Old Boys ft Rothwel ft Ttvidata ft Mile 
Oak 1 . Leamkigexi 1: Bourne ft 
Tamwortfi z Greslay 0, Wotarfon 1; 
Ruahal Oiyiiipic ft Moor Sms® 3; 
Spalding 0. Ffoshden ft aovenage Bor- 


VUeaon-super-Mare 1. TorrimpOOftCoL 
wyn Bey 1. RossendNe i: BfttfWn 0. 
Bridgnorth ft Raddffle Borough 3, 

1. Saffron Walden 1: Royston ft Finchley 
3; Aruidel ft Rfogmer ft Camberiey 4. 

Shoroham ft Old Snrindford 3. Boktonre 
St Michael 3. 

LEAGUE: Rnt (fivMoK Lwk ft Leytand 
Motors 1: Winstend utd 1. St Helen* o. 

mier (tension: BAe waytjrtdue ft 
Godatem 1. CoOhem i, ami 3; Dove i, 

Malden ft CrantaW 2. Choehem ft 

Malden VM1.vnmMi;Vtgna Water . 

1. Fartogh Roms 1. Concern Trophy S upanrati ne L Mo nte Mote 
Ftat rtteKt Frtmtey Green l,CMpraM1; 3. F^r fort 4; V ignqSporO C 
Hartley Wintney ft Honey i ft Walfing ford 5. Wantage 


FfmtdtafcME BhmawmrtaS, Easmgfun 

ft Crook 3.ChosteHe-Street 3: Qrotna 1, 

Bedfogton Toman ft HarttaWOI ft 
Bishop Auckland 6: Paterlea i, 
c ’^" i moor 2; South Bonk 0. Bronson ft 
3. Tow Law 1 Second d h rai wg 
nn Svnmontt 3. Esh 

... Colfery Welfare 1. 

Town 4: Stockton 2. Shotton ( 

Scottish second efivision 
AUonRowen 1 Attoa AlMaHc 2 

Ayr United 2 AibroXh 1 

East Stirling 0 Cowdenbeath 1 

Raith Rawem 2 Queen’* Perk 2 

Sfenhamidr 0 M*adowb»nt' 1 

SthSngAli 1 Si Johnstone 0 

Stranraer . 2 Berwick 1 

Stating Ab 
Aitaa AttoeL 
Raith Rovers 
Quean's Park 

Ayr United 

East Stating 4 0 2 2 3 7 2 

Cowdenbeath 4 1 0 3 2 G 2 

Arbroath 4 1 0 3 7 12 2 

St Johnstone 4 0 1 3 3 9 1 


Br ai ntree i. Watt on ft Bury Tom 3. 
Newmarket ft Chatteris 1, Colchester ft 
Ctectoo ft Thptford 1: HmrhB ft 
Brenthan 3: tMsbech 0, Lowestoft Ol 


revision: Beaconsflett 0, Crown And 
Manor 1; Bmadown 5. Amerstumi Z 
Danson 1 , Uysses 1: Hanwefl 4, Bedcton 
1; North wood 1, Barkmgside ft Laague 
Com: FM round: Brorteay 0. Waltham 
ADoey ft Southgate 1. Pereiant 0. 

halls brewery hellewc league: 

Premier dfrfaioR Abingdon ft Moraton 1; 
Pegasus Juniors 0. Bicester 1; 
Supennarkw t. Morris Motors 1; Thame 
3, FalrfonJ 4; Wring Sports 0. Sharpness 
Z Walfingford 5. wawtege 1; Yaw 0, 
Hounslow 1 


iMin BW VAAiniiu 

North Frinsfo 4. Long Eaton 1. Boston 
Britfington Trinity Z Benttey Victoria 
Eastwoodl Harrogate 0. Ametoit 3 

SpSet S5 |gSS23SsSS i 3 sE s i ! sE F i : ? ssli iits J 

Cup: Bracktey 
Hdiam i; S and L 
Suttoid 4, Stamford 0-. 
0: Woooon 0. Raunds 1 

* ld?|S: 


Nielsen takes 
title amid 
Danish fury 

By Keith Macklin 

Hans Nielsen at last turned 
the tables on Erik Gundersen. 
his arch riiol and fellow Dane, 
to win the world individual title 
at Katowice, Poland on Sat- 
urday. His victory was soured 

by an amazing protest by 

Tommy Knudsen. another lead- 
ing Danish rider, who figured in 
a dramatic spill with Nielsen in 
the l Sth heat. After being ex- 
cluded from the re-run, be 
blamed Nielsen for the crash. 

In a fury at being excluded, 
Knudsen railed at the referee 
and as a further protest rode his 
machine round the track and 
through the tapes on one wheel 

Nielsen eventually won the 
much-prized title in a race-off 
with yet another Dane, Jan 
Pedersen, thus ridding himself 
of the Gundersen jinx. Nielsen 
has been runner-up to 
Gundersen in the world 
championship for the past two 
: years. 

The outstanding British 
performance came from Kelvin 
Tatum, who finished with 12 
points, one point behind 
Pedersen and only two points 
behind Nielsen. Another British 
rider. Neil Evitts, beat 

Nielsen's victory is also a 
boost for the Bradford pro- 
moter, Alan Ham, who has 
signed him. among other top 
riders, for the “champion of 
champions” event at Octet next 




Broad’s century keeps 
Notts on course 
for runners-up prize 

HOVE: Sussex, with seven 
second innings wickets in 
hand, lead Nottinghamshire 
fry five runs. 

Chris Broad made an 
accomplished hundred yes- 
terday. his fourth this season, 
as Nottinghamshire continued 
their relentless drive to make 
certain of second place and 
£10.5(10 prize money in the 
championship. Broad staked a 
late claim for an Australian 
tour place as his side gained 
maximum bonus points. 

Nottinghamshire declared 
at tea with a lead of 130. 
Sussex, playing their last 
match before the Nat West 
trophy final, then lost both 
their opening batsmen 
cheaply, however. Parker, 
with a series of fluent strokes, 
and Imran Khan, cleared their 
arrears. The Pakistani was 
caught behind in the last over 
while Parker's undefeated 82 
included 13 lours. 

Fate has hardly been kind to 
Sussex in this match. They 
were put in on Saturday when 
Hadlee and Rice took advan- 
tage when there was some 
assistance in the pitch for 

By Richard SlreelM 
bowlers. Nottinghamshire, 
when they resumed at 44 for 
one vesterday. batted against a 
depleted attack: Jones was 
receiving treatment for a knee 
injury and Colin Wells was 
laid low by a stomach upseL 

Imran Khan had both 
Broad and Newell dropped as 
they made their second wicket 
stand worth 1 20 in 43 overs. 
Newell was 26 when he was 
missed at first slip before he 
finally drove a catch to extra 
cover against Green, the ofl . 
spinner. Johnson, pulled and 
drove 1 2 fours as he outscored 
Broad in a brisk stand that put 
on 105 in 23 overs. Both were 
dismissed trying to drive. 

With the Lord's final loom- 
ing. the main Sussex concern 
remains Gould, who. as cap- 
tain and player, did so much 
to lake them there. The hip 
muscle problem, which has 
prevented Gould playing for a 
fortnight, remains an un- 
timely penance for him. 
Gould hoped to play in this 
match but an injury' during net 
practise beforehand quickly 
ruled him ouuGoutd now 
intends to find a club match 
on Wednesday in which to 


Yorks v Warwicks Leics v Somerset 


Vortcsnre (3pM» twd with Warwickshire 



A J Moles Ibw d Dennis 3 

p a Strain c Camck b SKtabottom — 17 

A I Kalhcnarran c and b Jarv& 36 

□ l Amiss c Love b Cornell 7 

fG W Humnaqe nol out « 

Asrt Dm c Boirstow b Jarvis 0 

A M Ferreira not out 32 

E*traslb2.lb20.wl.nb1) _2* 

Tout 15 wkts. ao overs) 162 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14. 2-37. 3-56, 4- 

102.5- 103 

G C Small. T A M unran. K J Kerr ana *N 
GiHord did not baL 

BOWLING: Dennis 8-0-26-1; Jarvis 60- 
28-2: Side bottom 8-0-27-1; Camck 8-0- 
21-1. Fletcher 8-1-364). 


K Sharp b Munfon 5 

A A Metcaltec and b Gifford 40 

S N Hartley run out 5 

J D love b Small 48 

P E Robinson c Humpage b Ferreira . 36 

■yD L Bairsiow b Sman 7 

P Camck run out — 4 

A S*debonom not out ... 3 

P W Jarvis run out — 0 

S J Dennis not out 2 

Extras<lb 9. w 2. nb i) — 12 

Total (8 wkts. 40 overs) — .... 162 

S D Ftefcner did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-2. 2-27. 3-54. 6 

125. 5- 149. 6-155. 7-157. B-157. 
BOWLING. Smal 61-62, Smrth 8-0-41-0: 
Munton 6-1-19-1; Fenera 8-0-32-1: 
Gifford 6-1-33-1: Moles 2-0-200. 
Umpires: H □ Bird and J H Hampshire. 

Lancashire v Surrey 

Lancashire /4 pts) Deal Surrey by 4 


A M Butcher Dw b Havfturst 25 

C S Clinton ibw o A Hon 0 

T E Jesty c LJoyd b AHott — .... 26 

1C J H«haros c Fowler b O'Steughnessv 

A Srewari c Haytiwsi’b Svnmons 7 

M A Lynch b Watkmson 23 

A Needham c Haymxst b O Snaughnossy 

DJ Thomas b Simmons I 

R J Doughty not out ...... 15 

AH Gray not out —-.20 

Extras lib 14) J4 

Total (B wkts. 40 overs) 184 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-12. 2-50. 3-64, 4- 

89. 5- 139. 6-142. 7-147. 8-149. 

■p I Pocock did not bai 

BOWLING WaUmtson B-i -39-1 : Alkm 66 
20-2. O Sh.tughnossy 8-0-33-2. Hayhurst 
8 - IMO- 1 . Sen moos 6-0-38-2. 


G D Mend« c and b Thomas — 4 

G Fowler c Lynch b Doughty — 23 

J Abranams c Richards b Gray 45 

C H Lloyd c Ricnjrds o Gray — 26 

N K Fairbromer 0 Thomas 25 

5 J O Shaughnessy run out 23 

C Movnaid hot out' . — 24 

M Watkmson not out 4 

Extras up 6 . w 3. nb 2| IT 

Tout 16 wfcls. 39 3 overs) 185 

A N Haytturst. J Sumnons and P J W Alott 
did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-42. 3-90. 4- 

127.5- 134 6-181. 

KHVLING Doughty 8-0-29-1. Thomas 6 
1-40-2 NtH-dhama-O-Sim Gray 8-0-39-2: 
Pocock 5-1-30-0. Butcher 4.3-0-10-0 
Umpires A A Jones and D J Constant 

D B Close’s XI v 
New Zealanders 

DB CLOSE'S XI First Innings 
G Boy-'otr t> CMtticId . . . 8 t 

Oadig Mono < Dvitneid a Bracpwall .. 37 

M Harper lew b Biacewdl 0 

j.und M-jnojd c Edgar d Watson 41 

C L Kuw) P Watson 1 

*0 9 Cloro c Bum b Skrtwg 22 

CMOac Bia-n d S tuvng 0 

F D Slcpnenson tow b Bracewell 33 
tR « T .iv tor c Conev b Bocewott . ?i 

R 0 EsW'Ck c Blim b Stirvng . . 2 

D R CV srv not out . — 9 

Evil at (lb 5. nb 5) 10 

Tot.Jl 257 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-68. 2-68. 3-155. 4- 

160. 5- 177.6-178. 7-222.8-224.9-239. JO- 

BOWLING Sbrtinrj 15-1-5S-3. ChatfWW 
19-5 62-'. Watson U -2 57-2. Brscewetf 
163-6-51-4. Gray 11-3-36-0. 

NEW ZEALANDERS: First tnnmgs 

T J Franklin not out 9 

B A Edgar not out - I 

Total mo wkii — 10 

K R Rutnoiiard. M D Oowc. ‘J v Coney. E 
J Gray. TT E Siam. J G Braccwe*. 0 A 
Stirling, vu Watson and e J Cnattiekl to 

umpires R Julian a/wJ B leadDeator. 


ABERDEEN; Adidas Mors tall marathon: l.P 

0 F<'i>n iftil Etc™ nil thr 4mm 2 E 
wawi;. i Solo Rci'M.-rs* i 04 S'- 3 C H.tsken 
iBrdco jnj DunikH) Ro-Miunnerol t 05 «7 
women t £ Brjmroy |McCJfwn Chif. 
Gi.wivwi i 16 16 7. C Pnce i Dundee 
Hj M Lh.ai1 17 20 3. FijuyiBetjraveManiersi 
1 19 22 Veteran men. i. J Morrison (Aoer- 
(X, n Amateur ftmvwi CfciOl 1 16 16 
WIMBLEDON- Half iruratJion I. J Watson 
iEps&ti j in Ew** i iw rnu j i9w 2. M Bo»te 
iHprv? H*n i r at J. D naves iHema Hii) 

1 1041 Women, h SowkP iHJifenami 
1 M *6 Veteran mere ). D CUyfon (Heme 
HiH 1.13 28 


MAX: rmkslwa ChatnpiOB»h4M: 

Mew Smstw: S leknmyli m S Heron o.. . 64 

b-2 Women* Smpos: V Won n S 
Lon-Wtom 60 6-0 Mens doublet: J 
Gtcoai'n aru 0 Hirsi br M Horff" and O 
EVancn 63 6-3 Women* double*: N Tooper 
,wU S L^nijttjnom 3i h hpwden am J 
Se.ntrarojb-J 6-3 


Matron j" oS CUs-Jltw 40. Berwick 35. 
PchHBoruu-in “2 Easiooume 36. Hadmey 
V *»i»na Esse* 44 Radon' cbawonswpa 
(Coventry): I PThoip. >6 2 SScroiiM 13. 
3 LCaoms 12 _ „ 

BRITISH LEAGUE: BcK? Vu* 40. Coventiy 38 
idr'Cv-n ra'imc' Joigmsen bt Bucfc&rei. 
hma- Lvnn 35. iWMB -U 
MIDLAND CUP: Fust leg: Swmdon 39. Wohes 




LeKasterstm(4pts) Dear Somerset by 56 


L Potter c and b Davis 30 

T J Boon b Gamer 0 

J J Whitaker c Botham b Taytor 73 

■p Willey c Gart) 0 Taytor 51 

P □ Bowler b Gamer 19 

tP Whttticase c sub b Taylor 4 

M Bracken b Botham 17 

P A J De Fionas not out 8 

WK R Beniamin not out 2 

Extras (d 4. lb 8. w i) — ._13 

Total (7 wkts. 40 avers] 217 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-t. 2-59. 3-151. 4> 

166. 5- 176. 6-197. 7-215. 

BOWUNG: Gamer 0-2-30-2 Botham 8-0- 
44-1: Dredge 8-0-36-0; Davis 75-0-56-1; 
Harden 0 . 1 -0-0-0. Taylor 84-39-3. 

B C Rose b Tennant 4 

-PM Roebuck c Potter b Willey 31 

RJ Harden cWhitbcaseb Tennant — 0 

I T Botham b Tennant 0 

N A Felton c Potter b De Freitas 59 

J J E Hardy b Wiliey 1 

J Gamer b De Freitas 11 

fT Card C Tennant b Wlltey — — _ — 3 

CH Dredge bWHey B 

N S Taylor b De Freitas 28 

M R Davis not out - — , 1 

Extras(b6.lb1.w5.nb3) 15 

Total |3&2 overs) — 181 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-14. 3-20. 4- 

64. 5- 66. 6-78. 7-87. 8-106. 9-152. 10-161. 
BOWUNG Tennant 61-263: Taytor 66 
29-0. WiHey 6637-4; Benjamin 66320. 
De Freitas 6.2-631-3. 

Umpmas: B DuOleston and 8 J Meyer. 

Middlesex v Worcs 


Middlesex (Jpts) beat Worcestershire by 5 


T S Cuts run out 5 

fS J Rhodes c Slack b Hughes 22 

G A Hick c Cowans D Sykes 36 

D N Patel not out 40 

D B D Otivew c Dowrrton b Hughes __ 0 
•P A Neale c Butcher b Emburay ___ 46 

M J Weston run out — 0 

NV Radford not out 24 

Extras tlb 6 * 2) .JO 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) 183 

5 M McEwan. R K llingworth and A P 
Pnogeon to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-69. 669. «- 
72 6145.6146. 

BOWLING- Rose 66360 Cowans 61- 
22-0: Sykes 6628-1; Hughes 66262; 
Embwey 6652-1 . Gattwg'2-613-0. 

CT Radley c and b Weston — 21 

W N Star* b lUmgwonti 52 

J D Carr b Radford 0 

R O Butcher c Rhodes b Patel 12 

•M w Gattmg b Radford 16 

IP R Down ton not out 28 

J E Emburev notout .. 44 

Extras tb 3. lb 6. nb 3) 12 

Total (5 wins. 39 2 overs) 185 

G D Rose. J F Sykes. S P Hughes and N G 
Cowans ad not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-50. 2-51. 670. 4- 
93. 5-125 

BOWLING- Pndgeon 7.2-6454; Weston 
60-29-1 . Radtora B- 1-24-2. Patel 8-636 
1 . McEwan 6-632-0: IBingwonh 2-1-161. 
Umixres J A Jameson arid R Patfmer. 

Kent v Essex 


Essex i J prs) best Kent by 2 wickets 


M R Benson run out — 42 

N R Taylor l&w b Acl-eto - 26 

C J Tavaie c Foster b Lever 50 

G H Cowcrcy C Achek* b Goocn 12 

E A Baptiste b Gooch 9 

'C S Cowdrey c Foster b Prmgie 10 

D G Asiett nat out 8 

R M E Hi son c Giadvwt b Prmgie 0 

|S A Marsh net Out 0 

Extras (b 2. It) 6. w 3| 11 

Toiat t7 wkts. JO overs) 168 

G R DJiey and D L Underwood did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS. 1-65. 2-77. 699. 4- 
125 5- ISO 6159. 7-164 
BOWUNG Lever 60-12- 1 : Foster 62-22- 
0. Gooch 61-27-2. Actrffld 66361; 
Pringle 8-6362. 


•G A Gooch c Tavare b Eflison 1 

B R Harae tbw o El- son 72 

P J Pncnara c G R Cowdrey b Baptcne 22 

0 R Pringle c Marsh b Bapnste _.~6 

K VV R Reicner c Marsh o Uncerwooc 18 

C Gladwin o Baptiste 5 

a w Liuev c Tjvjre b Eft son ..... 12 

fD £ East c March b BapMW 07 

n A Foster not cut -8 

J K Lever not out 1 

Extras |lb 9. *» 7. nb It — — . 17 

Total l8 wkts. 40 overst - 169 

D L Actakd dd not bat 

FALL OF WtCKETS- 1-1. 2-48. 670. 4-99. 

5-126 6-145 7-160.6160. 

BOV/UNG Oiltev 8-624-0. EAson 8-0-36 
3 Baouste 86464 C S Cowdrey 8-637- 
ft Underwood 8617-1. 
umpires, k j Lyons and a G T wwehead 


FRENCH LEAGUE: Sccnai.-* 3 Names t. 
Mj'idte r 4u>ene i Pans s*nr-C«rTTiaai l. 

Lift? i Br-rci? a j' 4 Prunes i Lawli Meet: 
Tmucuse 5 6«s» 0. Lens 0 Rocmg Para 1. 
Ibua 0 Siinr-Errnne 0 La Havre 3. » ce 
O Haney 3 Touim 0 Ludn standngs: i. 
Marse-ne txared 7. po«ns 1 f. 2. Names. 7. 
II 3 Boroeaui 7 18 

WEST BERMAN CUP. First maid: Hamburg 
SV 3 Urwn Scl.ngen 0. Wenier Bremen 0. 
Aionumj Aachen 0 E x tr a ct Rank tin X 
Enhact Bmnsr^cX 1 . 


THE HAGUE: OnMey mstcheK Fitdsy: New 

Zealand i$t tor 8 iaoc. ant Netherlands l3r 
tor 4 1 34 (W 5 . R GenKS 50). Netherlands 
won cn loswr sunng-rate. Seboday: New 
ZeaUnd 238 lor 8 ijO overs- J J Crowe 116). 
Nemcftonos n iv 7 (50 cwre C Ruskamp 
44i New Zealand wan B» 65 runs. 

705 <c Bngm ’8 U Speng fl tor 50L Oxtcto 
D“. Under- 1 8s l >6iG Ktfk 4 W 3SL 


OSAN. Seoul: I 8 F fe a Bwrvtoiy i l Mle 115 
iqimdsl: Artoma Ruera iP tocn » Chung Kr 
*dh.;i9 hjreai UC Ifthround. 

CORDOBA: WBC sraer-HyweigM «e (12 
rounds): C<>9ene Rcnun iMa» Ct Semes 
La«ar|£rg: O'S 


KHONBERG. West Germany: Yoag ndar 
Europe ar Dmwge Ct amp rcrwhcs: Cem- 
prtt ion Neil: 1. h Wjtesee rWG) 

ii 86 pN. 2 SLuBrt Cec«mVGi>iGlcts.3P 
Lius Admit liVffl rial kv a. a tossn, 
Clarke Comerston Dutch Od 1131 pts. 

give himself a hard workout 
and will deride on Thursday it 
he can play at Lord's. If be is 
unfiL he wants his deputy. 
Martin Speight who is only 
1 8. to know for a full 48 hours 
in advance that he is playing. 
Should Speight be included, it 
will be a severe test of nerve 
and character for the 


SUSSEX: firartrattn® l82(APWeMsB3). 

Second inrtngs 

R > AJSchan tow b Rko 18 

a M Green tow a Pick n 

PWG Parker not out 82 

Inven Khan c French b Pick 20 

A CSPigott not out o 

Extras <b 6. ttol) - 6 

Total <3 w«s) 13S 

Roux. M P Speight and A N Jones to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-22. 2-S4. 6135. 
NOTTMMAMSMRE: Ftrat tmtings 

B C Broad Ibw b Lanham 1i6 

RTRofimaonb Imran 4 

M Newefl e sub b Graan 46 

P Johnson bPtgott 65 

*CEB Rice not out 41 

J D Bach not out 23 

Extras (Bl2.nb 5) 17 

Total (4 wios dec 33 ovws) 312 

R J Hadtee. fB N French. E E Hammings. 
R^A Pick and C D Frassr-Ovflng <9d not 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18. 6138, 6243, 4- 

BOWUNG: Imran Khan 162-57-1: Jonas 
2661 66 Agott 22-7-59-1: to Roue 11.3- 
1-61-0: Graan 236761: Lenham 156 

Bonus points: Sussex Z Nott inghanwH ra 
Umpres: J W Holder and R A White. 

Smiths fly 
high for 

By Peter Bail 

HE-tJVO/t- Hampshire (4pts) 
beat Derbyshire by 73 runs. 

With a game in hand over 
their rivals. Hampshire are 
firmly in the driving seat in the 
John Player League. They beat 
Derbyshire with six overs to 
spare yesterday, their total of 
257 proving beyond Derby- 
shire’s capabilities as they 
bowled and fielded splendidly, 
Connor and Cowley, usually 
supporting actors, took centre 
stage to keep Marshall in the 
wings after their regular run- 
getiers had thrived. 

Deep in Derbyshire mining 
country. Heanor Town's ground 
offered a slow wicket and short 

Miller was to bear the im- 
mediate brunt as Green idge 
reverse swept him for four and 
landed the more orthodox ver- 
sion of the shot onto the 
pavilion roof He reached his SO 
horn 40 deliveries but his 
assault was ended abruptly as 
Barnett turned in desperation to 
Roberts and found bis man. 

The Smiths, kept the mo- 
mentum going as both escaped 
sharp chances to Roberts with a 
stand of 1 1 5 in 15 overs. Robin 
had hit 10 fours and three sixes, 
then Holding beat him three 
times in succession. The youn- 
ger Smith offered his bat to a 
jeering spectator before, obvi- 
ously unsettled, he skied an 
attempted pull. 

His brother also succumbed 
to Holding, whose figures bore 
no sign ofthe battering, but by 
then Hampshire's job was done. 
Derbyshire's pursuit was ill- 
starred from the start as they 
collapsed ignominiously, their 
first five wickets going down 
before Marshall made his 

Marshall, however, did not 
apply the coup de grace. Instead 
Warner made his own winning 
bid in the six-hitting contest 
striking five, including one back 
foot straight drive off Marshall, 
and giving Hampshire some 
nervous moments before he 
holed out on the extra cover 
boundary before Connor fin- 
ished off the taiL 


CGGreewegeb Roberts 51 

V P Terry tow b Foiney ._ — ■ ....... 1 

R A Snuffle Moms b Hold ng 95 

MC JNcfWasbWsmer 6 

CLSmfflc Warner bHokflng 73 

MDMarshaac Warner bHofong — _5 

N G Cowley not out 5 

T M Tremlen not out 4 

Extras (to 11.w4.nb2) .17 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) 257 

K D James. fR J Parks and C A Connor 
dxl not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-S. 2-75. 6104. 4- 
219. 6244.6249. 

BOWUNG; Hottng 62-29-3; Finney 66 
51-1 : Mfler 26266 Monensen 66536 
Roberts 66261: Warner 66561. 


*K J Barnett c Terry 0 James 6 

A H« runout — 17 

JE Moms Ibw b Connor 6 

B Roberts cGraerwgeb Cowley — _6 

tB J M Maher Ibw bCowtey 21 

GMdiercfiASnttfflb Cowley 1 

A E Warner c Terry b Connor — 68 

m a Hokfcng b Marshall 3 

R Sharma c James b Com or ... 37 

R J Tmney e and b Connor 2 

OHMortensen 1 

Extras (toll. nbS) 16 

Total 1 32.5 overs) 184 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-29: 3-30. 4- 
42. 652. 6-89. 7-104. 6179. 6183. 16 

BOWUNG: James 6632-1: Connor 66 
6264: Cowley 61-463: Marshall 6636 
i. Tremiett *635-0. 

Umpires; A a Jones and P B Wight 



NOHTN AKEniCA: American League: Fri- 
day: Cleveland Mans 7. Boston Rod So> 3: 

Rangers 5 Chcago WMte So* 2; 
Toronto Sue Jays & Minnesota Twins S. 
RMwwuxee ffl ew er a 3. Kansas Oty Bowts 1: 
Oauanc AMeKsd. Baltimore Giotes 3. amt 
a-O: Cakftxma Angels 13. DMrod Tigers 12: 
New Trail Yankees 13. Seattle Warner* 12 . 
Saturday: Boston Rod So* 7. aewtand 
moans 3; Toronto 8 Me Jays & uraesota 
Twins I: Batomore Ondas 5. Oakland 
AiMeftcs 4 Te »06 Rangers 6. Cmcago Whan 
Sox 2. Kansas Cdy Royals la utvauxee 
Brewer? 1 . Seattle Marav? 1. New York 
Yorams 0. and 63; GaNtorm Arms 5. 
Detract Tigers 4. ttottonal U N rat Friday. 
New Yak Mots 2. LOS Angeles Dodgers I: 
Rniaddoru PraAes & San Tranosoo Bans 
a CturacoCub? 7. Atuma Braves 3 Houston 
Asros 1 Pautwron Pirates & Ctnennao 
Rees 2. St Loud CaiOnau 0 Saturday: 
ASj^Sj Braves a. Cticaqo Cubs 3: New York 
Met? 8. Los Angeies Doogers 3 Mrmeoei 
E»?os to San Diego Fadraa I. and 4-5: 
Ptnladefehia RittdS 5. San Franeeco G*ant? 
3 Si Levs CardmaK 5. CnemnaD Reds 2. 
Pmrtwgn Prates 13 Houston Asm 3. 


AUCXLAM): WorW stodent a mwtenr cop: 
AusnaU 35. France 18; New Zealand 5*. 
Paaua New Gunea 0 


CHAUDFOHtAME. kriw na lionM 

compeMwn: »tlon-« Cup 1. Bmwi ff» 
Came GGUszord. P Heifer. A Lews). 19 pts: 
*2 Nemeranrs am tori. 20. Overafl 
scamanss: 1. Bnam. 39pto.£ West Germany. 
3*. 3. France. 32. 


TRENT BRIDGE: England's 
Young Cricketers, with five first 
innings wickets in hand, are 272 
runs behind Sri Lankan Young 

For the second day running, 
Sri Lanka Young Cricketers had 
the betier of their English 
counterparts in this, the third 
match of the series. A century by 
Tillekaratne helped them to a 
total 406. as they had five 
England batsmen out by the 

This is the final repres e ntative 
match of this series, the first two 
having been drawn. When the 
Sri Lankas fly home on Wednes- 
day they will have been here for 
six weeks. They have made 
quite an impression, which is 
not surprising since their party 
indudes three Test cricketers. 
All are under 21 years of age. 

The feature of their cricket 
yesterday was a partnership 
worth 178 in 73 overs between 
Tijlekaratne. who scored his 
second century of the series, and 
Paulpillai. who made 81. Both 
footed delightfully natural, 
wristy batsmen. 

It was always interesting 
cricket on a sunny day — and in 
front of about 200 people. This 
series has neither been spon- 
sored nor well promoted even 
though many good county 
cricketers have come on through 
these youth touts. 

One thinks, for instance, of de 
Freitas, and how much progress 
be has made since the England 

E: England's young-cricketers tour of West 
with five first Indies at the beginning of 1985. 
hand, are 272 It is surprising there are no 
ankan Young definite plans for an England 
tour this winter or a four here 
day running, next summer. 

Cricketers had Ten of this England side are 
heir English attached to counties, the excep- 
liis, the third tion being Harding, who is at 
.A century by Durham University. They put 
xl them to a Sri Lanka in on Saturday — this 
ey had five is a four-day match — and to 
out by the their credit did not let Sri Lanka 
take them apart. 

*P*«™£* » LANKA YCRn* Irvings 

S, the first two R C Soxa c Hording b Beiry 51 

rtL When the C C Hatorasmghe b Bicknel 14 

ie on Wednes- ’A PGurasngfe c and t _Beny___ 10 

H PTBekaratoecRossbenyb Hartfng 125 
B R Jurangpaffly c Biakey b HanSng .46 

RCA Pot$i2ai tow b Fraser 81 

C S JayataxJy b Bany 6 

tM ) BeJaJle run out D 

C D U S Weerasinraw b Sicfcnel 44 

DRMadanacRiptoyb Fiuor 0 

MMaJtawaratehlnotout .5 

Extras (b 5. to 7. w 5. nb 7) -24 

Total 406 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-4S. 689. 3-88. 4- 
1 67. 5-345. 6-353. 7-380, 6382, 6390, 16 

BOWLING: Bttnal 2564462: Fratwr 
37-6101-2; Smith 19-4-660: Barry 37-26 
563; Harttng 266862: Afcyne 61-14-0. 

ENGLAND YC: (tot fantogs 
R J Btokey c Batate b Mattwaraxrt ^ 5 
'MARosebwrycSazabMaDswaratcti 6 
RJ Bartett civangpafflybMadena- 3 
M W Aleyne c Jurangp^Fiy b Madena 44 
MRRanTprakasfibmeraanghe — —46 

I Smith not out — 23 

■fD Ripley not oi* — 0 

Extras (lb 3. w 2. nb 2) — 7 

Total(5wkt^ 134 

To bat AG J Fraser. GD Herding. P Berry 
and M BdmtL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11, 614. 614. 6 

Umpires: N T Raws and J Bbkarahaw. 

Harper on hand 

By Peter Marsoa 

Nonhamptonsire (4 points ) beat 
Gloucestershire by 13 runs. 

Northamptonshire played 
some excellent cricket yes- 
terday. Following two 
successive defeats, they won 
well to keep alive an outride 
chance of securing the John 
Player Special league title for the 
fiist time. To achieve that much 
they will have to beat Not- 
tinghamshire in their last match 
at Trent Bridge 

Gloucesh ire's target had been 
183. Bain bridge batted well to 
make 71. and there were telling 
contributions from Curran (24) 
Romaines (21) and Lloyds (25). 
Harper took an important 
wickeL that of Romaines whom 
he caught and bowled brilliantly 
and his running out of Lloyds 
probably was the matches turn- 
ing point. 

Gloucestershire's tussle to 
maintain their position at the 
top of the county championship 
has been a wearing, serious 
business. To have found time to 
smile, though, at their failure to 
keep pace in the razzle dazzle of 
the Sunday stomp — the wags 
hereabout regard the two wash- 
outs in the Cheltenham festival 
as being Gloucestershire's best 
run in the league this season — 

might well have offered the 
players an opportunity to relax. 

Northamptonshire, having 
chosen to bat first never came to 
terms with Gloucestershire's 
quintet of bowlers. 


ft? J BatoybBambridge 38 

w Lwtans c Attwy b Oxran 6 

A J Lamb c Gravoney b TwtzBH 43 

D J Cape I b BJrtxtfga 4 

R A Harper c Attwy bSairobury 28 

•G Cook reflred hurt 14 

OJmtbSansbury 7 

w Lailans c Attwy b Cwran 6 

A J Lamb c Grawnev b Twtzell 43 

DJCspelbBMtorttga 4 

R A Harpar c Attwy b Sainsbury 28 

•G Cook reared hurt 14 

OJWWbSarsbcxy 7 

R J Boyd-Moss not out 18 

N G B Cook not out — 13 

Extras (to 8. w 5) -13 

Total (6 wkts. 40 oners) 182 

N A ktoUendar and A Walksr ffld not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 286, 676 6 
108. 6141. 6159. 

BOWUNG: Sainstuxy 66362: Curran 6 
0061; WaWi 62-31-0; Twtzel 66461; 
Bafcibridge 66262. 

C W J Affley Ibw bMaRender 0 

tft C Russel e BaHey b Cape) 0 

PBarfcnbgec Boyd-Moss bWld — 71 
K M Curran c Boyd-Mcss b N G B Cook 24 

P W Romaines c and b Harper 21 

CAWSfetibwad 1 

J W Lloyd* run out .25 

K PTomfara notout 10 

*D A Graveney not out 8 

Extras (to9.w7.it1) .17 

Total p wkts 40 overa) 169 

G E Salnsbwy . and P H TWtzsB ffld not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-2.2-4,663.4-114. 
6117. 6150, 7-152. 

BOWUNG: Capel 60-261: MaBanckr 6 
1-17-1 ; Walker6 1-38-0: NGS Cook 61- 
261; Harper 66367; Wad 4-0262. 
Umpires: D G L Evans ax) K E Palmar 

Outlook fair for Essex 

Essex extended their lead 
over Gloucestershire in the 
county championship tq nine 
points at Folkestone on Sat- 
urday. with Gooch (74) and 
Pringle (75 not out) the main 
contributors to a total of 252 for 
nine against Kent. On a pitch 
taking spin — Underwood 
claimed the first four wickets in 
a long spell — that modest total 
may prove better than it looks. 

At Grace Road Botham per- 
formed sterling work for Somer- 

set in front of the Test selector, 
Phil Sharpe, sending down 43 
overs and taking six Leicester- 
shire wickets for 125. 

Saturday’s scores 

DERBY: Derbyshre 155 lor2(70 anra)(K 
J Barren 98) v Hampshire. 
FOLKESTONE: Essex 252 tor 9 (D R 
Pr mg*a75 no t out G A Gooch 74) v Kent 
LEICESTER: LaksstoraMe 283 J33* 
overs) (T J Boon 83 . P WWbcase 67 not 
due I TBoftam 6 lor 125; Somerset 11 for 
1(2.4 overs). 

EDGBASTOrt Mddlesex 256 lor 8 (87 
overs) (M W Gatling 56. W N Slack 51) v 

Holmes returns to 


Europe put 
in shade 

to • IU I3UUUV 

winning ways b Bridsh 

D— MnnbliD * . 

By Keith MackliH 

The rugby worlds of Teny ouiathrilIingl6-l6dTawatPJ« 
Holmes and Bradford Northern Office 
look brighter now. Holmes, who an outstanding 
twice mslocated his should^ for Rovers, and Wht^o 
last season fbUowing his £80,000 . touching down 
signing for Northern, yesterday Bo. WtgWLJow coached bythe 
on : .r a Mmi 7«ilander. Graham Lowe. 

New Zealander, Graham Uwe. 
beat Salford easily, and St 
Hetens have little difficulty in 
accounting for another pro- 
moted side. Leigh. 

In the second division Doo- 

survivrf 80 minutes of a New gander. Graham L^v^ 
ounishinc same asainst a strong beat Salford .easily, and St 
WMnes sKdwm the a? Helens have little difficultyin 
plause ofthe crowd as his passes accounting ¥ ^OT. aDOlbcr P* 0 * 
set up the first two Bradford moled side. Letgn- 
tries in a 27-12 victory. Tire [ n the second division Don- 
second try was a gem. with 4as|#r continued last season's 
Holmes sidestepping a defender beating Workington 

and sending his half-back part- -r an 16-15 in Cumbria, 
ner Woods under the posts with _ _ . .. „„ 

a oerfectlv-tinred pass. The first matches in the new 

a penccuy-uinca pass. Nalioiia l Amateur League, 

Otherwise Holmes, acungto sponsored by Slalom Lager, 
orders, kept out of trouble, j n bigger than average 

though he did figure in one or cnjwdsaod victories for Dudley 
two tackles that gave his shoul- H - lM< Miners Wel&re. 

der, stitched and {tinned by a pincington Rees and Mfllom. all 
summer operation, a thorough of ^n, p^tyed at home, and 
testing. Heworth who won away at 

There were several srirorises Egremont. 


Tillekaratne, the young Sri Lankans’ centurion, yesterday 

Young England 
are struggling 

By Ivo Tennant 

a perfectly-timed pass. 

Otherwise Holmes, acting to 
orders, kept out of trouble, 
though he did figure in one or 
two tackles that gave his shoul- 
der, stitched and {tinned by a 
summer operation, a thorough 

There were several srirprises 
cm the opening day of the new 
season under the sponsorship of 
Stones Bitter. Barrow, newly 
promoted, thrashed Hull Kings- 
ton Rovers 24-6, and the Chal- 
lenge Cup holders, Castieford, 
despite having to field their 
third-choice booker because of 
injuries, beat the premiership 
holders, Warrington, 26-20. 

Featberstone Rovexs and 
Halifax, the champions, fought 


McGuigan in top 
form at the wheel 

Barry McGuigan. the former 
world featherweight champion, 
at the wheel of an Orion, 
completed the .course on his 
debut as a rally driver over the 
weekend and won high praise 
from the sport's experts (George 
Ace writes) 

Bertie Fisher, who won the 
Lakeland Stages Rally in the 
Fermanagh forests, thought that 
few people with such limited 
experience could have finished 
just outside the top 20 as 
McGuigan did. 

CRICKET: Sunil Gavaskar is 
missing from a part of 12 
announced yesterday for the 
first two one-day internationals 
against Australia. The selectors' 
announcement was their most 
surprising since December 1984 
when Kapil Dev was dropped 
from a side facing England in 
the Calcutta Test, sparking, out- 
rage and reports of dashes 
between the two stars of Indian 

The Indian selection commit- 
tee chairman, Chandu Borde, 
said that Gavaskar, aged 37, was 
not considered for the matches 
at Jaipur on September 7 and at 
Srinager on September 9 to give 
youngsters a chance and hdp 
India rebuild a side to retain the 
World Cup to be jointly staged 
by India and Pakistan next year. 

Gavaskar, known as “The 
Little Master" has scored more 
runs and centuries — 32 — than 
anyone in Test cricket, but has a 
less formidable record in limited 
overs matches where he has 
never made a hundred. 

« H Bkiny. C Shaxrna. 
. C S PanCM. R Lamba. G 

Srikkanffl. R M H Bfflny, C Sharma. 
Marraxlar Start. C S Pandk. R Lamba. G 
Sharma. R Kukanx. 

• BANGALORE (Reuter) - 
The opening batsmen, David 
Boon and Geoff Marsh, helped 
Australia to a commanding lead 
of 101 runs over an Indian 
Cricket Board XI yesterday. At 
the close ofthe second day ofthe 
three-day match Australia were. 
340 for nine in reply to the home 
team's first innings total of 239. 

SCORES: Board Prasktonfs XL 238 (S 
Vlswanaffl 70. R ShasH 63k G R J 
Matthews 4 tor 14); Austrians 340 tor 9 
(GR Marsh 139, DC Boon 75) 

Romania's Olympic champion, 
Nicu Vlad, won the Silver 
Dragon trophy in Cardiff with a 
valuable total of 410 kilograms 
after an epic battle with a Polish 
record holder, Piotr Krukowski. 
who was second with 400 kilo- 

England’s Rikki Chaplin won 
the bronze behind Socaci and 
Kubenfca of East Germany in 
the 75 kilogram class. 

Lynagh. Australia's stand-off 
half made an outstanding 
contribution to their 41-13 win 
over Bay of Plenty at Rotorua 
on Saturday, a week before the 
deciding third andfinal inter- 
national against the All Blades. I 
In nine attempts at goal. Lynagh ! 
landed four penalties and three 
conversions, and was just as 
impressive with his tactical 
kicking and passing as Australia 
took their tally of points in four 
days to 96. They beat Southland 
55-0 last Wednesday. 


Friday’s latn restilts 

sweat TrardrwKfcSIl: H Twary. 71.87. 73; 
L Uw 73. 70, 68: G Koch. 73. 89. 69. M 
Hutm 7i. 72. 68. 21to P Stewart. 71. 70. 71, 
213: L Nelson. 76. 70. 67. J SmWr. 71. 71. 
71:TS*b.74.70. 69. 214: B WaOhma. 72. 73, 
69 8 Grider. 75. 70. 68: C Roca. 7*. 72. SB: J 
Shiran. 74. 70. 70. 

SMNA. Jmm - _find scorn Unmet 
onim state* 2S& I **>74.72^677 2« 
M dzifo. 70.7259.72: M Kissewtoi 285: N Yuhsn.708B.7fi.71: M 
Kus4kJte.; Chen Tze-nite) 
l T*T 73.73.7257 Wooer's taosaai— : Ft- 
nol scans Msponeoo ariose otesd^ 205: A 
WowESJK.TQ. 209 A Oslwo.70S9.7a 212 
Wang Yu 


Saturday’s results 

B ILBA O : YMffl fflteiisIlBnih Gnat Bitten 
ood Mood 13*. Can tt n e nr of Eisopa 10M 
(GB m tra namos first)- ftsnsM (G6 and 
Ire 2. Comm of Ewose 2}: P Gnan and S 
5 StrvaaraWJ teJtel: 
R Musoofl and J Roostson tx Y Bosunonto 
ena F one. 1 hota.NRoaancfeandKWtete 
kBUDjVandaVBittajitoLLassMa. 1 teir.P 
Pw and A R obert s on H H Effcson and S 
Lmdskog 6 and 5 Singles (GB end ko 5. 
Conom ct Europe 3y Sevan M A 
Senonoua. 1 hate MuscioK M Undsteg. S 
and 3. Retewon be Oise. 3 and 2: Roderick 
lost to Baaianom. i note B Stsetds lost to 
Unsafe. 2 notes. Rchte&on ton to van do 
Wda. 4 and 3: RbbMBOn Bt Zeg. 2 ted 1: 


4x1 OOSCTRES RELAY: 1, East Gemanr 
alpaca. Btdgerta. 4Z68: 
tWon. 42.7a; i,FraiK». 461 1; 5. Srtttei. 
4644: 6. Potent 4364; 7. Nafflartand*. 
44.65. Wen GaiRteiy disquaBflatt. 


Tour outric ct Plenty 11 

A uaen e ans ai. 

Day Event 1. Startwn (S-A 
n) ffita Z The ktehman fR Rowed) 

668: 6 Metatexm Moor (5 Manlndale) 
646- A Burlington (C Mason) 65.6. 
MscCoraisI Mason Mereaitos acco- 
mnMorprtne R Usnaux. 


Russians 9 



Peking (Reuter) — Yelena 
Shushunova, of the Soviet 
Union, won the women’s 
individual all-round title with 
39.825 points in the seventh 
World Cup gymnastics tour- 
nament here yesterday eve- 
ning. The men’s title had been 
shared by another Russian. 
Yuri Korolev, and Li Ning, of 

Shushunova, aged 17. had a 
perfect score of 10, the first of 
the three-day tournament, in 
the evening’s first event the 
vaulting horse. The Russian 
girl, who won the all-round 
title at the gymnastics champi- 
onships in Montreal last No- 
vember, only just foiled to 
record a 40-point maximum. 
Daniela Silivas, of Romania, 
won the silver medal with 
39.700 points. 

In the men's competition on 
Saturday, Korolev and Li 
Ning shared gold medals when 
they both finished the compe- 
tition with 58.45 points, 
Korolev, the world champion, 
recovered after being third 
midway through the competi- 
tion. Judges awarded him the 
original World Cup because 
he had managed the highest 
score of the evening, a 9.90 on 
the parallel bars. Li Ning was 
given a miniature duplicate. 

US Open tennis 
Friday's late results 

ste te r Second round: A Jonyd 
txVJensen . 60. 6-3. 61; G 
uwtintey bt E Tnttsctwr 63. 62. 60: S 
Casal (Spjbf 0 Vtoaar 1SA).62. 61. 63: R 

KnsJxian (Jnd) bt L LavaBo (Meit). 6-2. 6-4. 
66 A Ctiesnokov (USSR) WM Pemlora 

(tob). 64 44 48. 88. 64: 0 GokSe M J 
Cantor 7-8, 48.66 67. 7-6; M PurcaH bt 
B Graan 63. 64. 62 B Moir (SA) M C 
Hooper. 5-7. 62. 64. 7-5. 

Women'* aterins: Seco nd found: C 
Kotote-KUsch WG) bt C Tanvier (Ff). 61 
8« C Undqyist (Swe) M A Dmovofl (Aus). 



6 6ft K Jordan bt M WerdeL 60 63. 

Saturday’s resttits 

MvTk ttW mind: M WHander (too) bt T 
Ch»Wft(Frt. 61 . 7-5, 64; J Connorebt 
c ftaotea (It). 7 - 6 . 64. 7-8; E Eflwants 
(SA) bt R Acuna (CMe). 66. 61 , 64. 3-6, 
ybtJ Barger. 62, 
teDPata 64.38. 
B). MM Davis 66. 
Land) (Cz) M J 
63. 6-6 6-4:0 GoWtoM 
X 4-6. 67. 61. 62: S 

6 i T vradnaan M Y Noah (Fi). 76. 38. 4- 
I- 6 - 1 . 64 : A Chesnokov (USSR) bt M 
gSSBW. 1-6 JM. 48. 61. 68 : A 
Knd^wi WMPurcea. 68. 62. 61. 
Wonwns iaig t aa. Second rant O 
SgMwj^gm KMatoava (Bui). 76 62. 


JarajGBi JTB Sk ftSii fciTc 

ft MWm (Cz). 60. 6* K 
SSCJS !***■)- 6 1 . 88: S Rete 

MAOroft (GBJ. 62. 66; s Graf (WO) W 8 
8g*te. 61. 1-0 ret R Rega (U) te M 
NsmStow W K 
SSJ*- 84- M: B Gsduaek bt H Kate* 
(Cart). 67. 62. 68. 


By Jenny MacArthnr 

In a victory reminiscent in its 
completeness of ibe senior 
team's victory at Burghley last 
year. Britain nol only won the 
team gold medal at the Euro- 
pean Young Riders Three Day 
Event Championships at 
Rotherfiekl Park in Hampshire 
yesterday, sponsored by Bee- 
Hive Car Parks, but also took all 
three individual medals. 

It is the fifth time Britain has 
won the gold medal since the 
competition started in 1981. 

Alexandra Ramus., who was 
competing as an indivudal be- 
cause she was not thought 
sufficiently experienced to be in 
the team, won the individual 
gold medal on Spy Siory, a horse 
originally bought for her mother 
to bunt. 

Miss Ramus was a member of 
last year's winning junior team, 
but she will now have to fit in 
eventing with her studies. She 
begins a physiotherapy course at 
Guy's Hospital next week. 

Miss Ramus' victory yes- 
terday came at the expense of 
Vanessa Ashbourne, a team 
member, who had been- lying in 
third place, but dropped to 
second after succumbing to the 
pressure of the occasion in 
yesterday's show jumping, on 
Hector James, and having taro 
fences down. 

Rachel Hunt and Friday Fox, 
whose team gold medal yes- 
; terday was their fourth in as 
many years, won the individual 

Miss Hunt, like Miss Ramus, 
were two of only four riders who 
were clear with no lime faults on 
Saturday's cross-country. 

The other two British team 
members. Judith Copland on 
Sweeney and Julie-Aime Shield, 
on Cnmdoo Lucky George, 
finished outside the top ten. 
Miss Shield had a refusal in the 
showjumping and was given an 
additional 20 penalties for cir- 
cling in front of the jumps after 
the bell was rung. 

Italy underlined their re- 
newed strength in this sport by 
faking the team silver medal — 
but more than 60 points behind 
Britain. West Germany, the 
bronze medallists, were a simi- 
lar distance behind Italy. 

The MacConnal-Mason 
Mercedes advanced three day 
event was won by Sally-Ann 
Egginton on Star Burn. 

RESULTS: Young Mdoo Eteonoan 
champkxtaMp: 1. Great Britain 320.28: 2. 
Italy 381.563, West Germany 44609 4. 
Rum 458.79; 5. Poland 47485. (mfivfct- 
uai piactogs: 1 . Spy Story (A Ramus. OB) 
84.16 2. iftaw James (V Ashbourne. GS) 
88.97; 3. Friday Fox (R Hunt GB) 94.01. 
Otter BfWah ptodngs: 6. Batocanra (A 
Tuftxm 11024; 6 OsterVxlHoty (S 
KeMni] 1 1840c 11, Nonon Boy (C meg) 
126.79. MacConneFMaaoe ItandM 



’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 

■-L . 

*:• S 

“ I-;- 

6-00 Coefax AM 

fcSO Breakfast Unw with Sue 

Cook and Guy Michefmore 
in London and Nick Ross 
at the TUC Annuel 
Congress In Brighton. 
Weather at 6.5? 7.25 
7.SS, &25_and 1L$5; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6.57, 7.37 
7j 7 and 437; national and 
•ntarnatiofial news at 7.00 


Steve Blacknell's poo 
"ews £7.32 sport at 7.20 
ar« fL20: and a review of 
the morning newspapers 

fit B-37 1 
920 Ceefax. 

W0 Trades Union Congress 
1986 .Vincent Harma and 
Nicholas Jones introduce 
coverage of the first days 
debates, which include the 
tew on industrial relations: 
how to revive Industry; and 
the future relationship 
between the Labour Party 

and the tuc. * 

1986. Further live 

12.45 Ceefax 

1.05 News After Noon with' 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 
. Carpenter, includes news 
headlines with subtitles 
1-25 Regional news. 
Weather. 1.30 Postman 
Pat. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 

vnunn. ir\ 

‘"i 1;.. ' 


a . 

If V, 


2.15 Trades Union Congress 
1986. Continuing the 
debate on industrial 
relations. 4.12 Regional 

4.15 Dastardly and Muttiey. 
Cartoon (r) 425 Wacky 
Races. Cartoon (r). 

435 The Mysterious Cities of 
Gold. A new cartoon 
series from France about 

' ! -H.' 

3" gold 

which he has heard about 

•••••• M-; ; 

in stories. He meets an 
Inca girl from South 
' America and together they 
set out on a long search 
for the mysterious cities. 

5.00 Phillip Schofield reviews ' 
forthcoming children's 

5.10 Blue Peter. Presented by 
Simon Groom, Janet Ellis 
and Peter Duncan. 

Includes a progress report 
on Blue Peter dog Goldie's 
eight puppies, now aged 
seven months, with films 
of their activities. (Ceefax) 

5J45 Kick Start Motor-cycling 
from Northamptonshire: 

» . j- — . _ 

ih mm • 

“ * • tr 

4 i V 

- .... i i- 

1 1 






the beginning of an 
' international competition 
to be shown on four 
consecutive days. 

6J)0 News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas WitchelL 
Weather. - 

6.35 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. Terry Wogan's 
guests are actress Julia 
McKenzie; comedy actor. 
Arthur English; and author 
and sports fanatic Tom 
McNab. Music is provided 
by the group S-Stat 

7.35 Life on Earth. A re-run of 
David Attenborough's 
series about the history of 
evolution. In part one to 
talks^boat thermany ' 
diverse "forms of life end 
takes a mule ride into the 

Grand Canyon, tracing the 
! anknaT life- 

fossil record of anknaT 
(r) (Ceefax) 

830 Brush Strokes. A new 
corpedy series by John _ 
Esmonde and Bob Larbey 
• about the lascivious 
exploits of Jacko. a 
painter and decorator. 
Starring Karl+towman.' 

9.00 News with Julia Somerville 
and Nicholas WitcheH. 
Regional news and 

930 Fighting Back. The final ' 
episode of Gareth Jones's 
serial, starring Hazel 
O'Connor. (See Choice) 

10.15* t Rlm=$w Cincinnati Kid 

(1965) Starring Stove 
McQueen ana Edward 

G. Robinson. A suspense 
drama set in the gaming 
world of New Orleans, 
about the rivalry between 
two poker players. 

Directed by Norman 

Jewison. (Ceefax) 
11.55 Weather. 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 
intedby Anr 

presented by Anne 
Dramond-and Adrian 

DmuM ■- **■ — a. ■ 


Brown, with guests Mary 
Quant and Jeanette 
Goldstein. News with 


Gordon Honeycombe at 
6.30, 7.00, 7.4b, 830, 830 


and 9.00; sport at 6A0 and 
740: exercises at 635; 
cartoonat 735; pop music 
at 735; plus financial 
arMce from.Brian Miltoa. * 

..awnwy preS8f¥fflO DV 

Timmy Maltett with special 
guMtGaz Top, presenter 
of Get Fresh. 


935 Thames news headlines 
followed by Nimrod - The 
Mighty Hunter. The 
development of trie World ■ 
War Two anti-submarine ' 
jet aircraft, Nimroad Mk 1. 
1035 Cartoon. 

1030 About Britain. How a girt, 
blind from childhood, 
climbed 18,000 feet up the 

1130 World Cup Gymnastics: 
Exclusive coverage from 
Peking of the men's 
apparatus finals. 

1230 The Litue Green Man. The 
adventures of a visiting 
space creature, (r) 12.10 
Let’s Pretend to the story 
- of The Rabbit and the 
Carrot (r) 

1230 Medicine Matters! The 
third in the series which 
explores the relationship 
between the public and 
the medical profession 
reports on the increasing 
practice ol alternative 

130 News at One read by John 
Suchet. 1.20 Thames 

1 30 Tucker’s Witch. The 
husband and wife 
detective team are hired to 
find die missing daughter 
of a shipping tycoon. 

235 World Cup Gymnastics. 
Exclusive coverage from 
Peking of the women's 
apparatus finals. 3.25 
Thames news headlines. 
330 The Young Doctors. 

4.00 Tickle on the Turn: The 
Camping Holiday. New . 
series, with Ralph McTeil, 
Jacqueline Reddin and 
Penelope Keith. 4.10 The 
Moomins. Cartoon series. 

430 He-Man end the Masters 
ot the Universe. A new 
series of science fiction 
cartoon adventures. - 

445 Dramarama: Waiting for. 
Elvis by Alex Norton. A ■ 
play set in i 960 about a 
group of teenage fans who 
saw Elvis Presley whan his 
aircraft stopped briefly in 
Scotland. (Oracle) 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge quiz for 

545 News with John Suchet - 
6.00 Thames News 

635 Help! Community action, 
presented by Viv Taylor 

635 Crossroads. 

Harvey Milk, the subject of a. 
Chaimel 4 documentary (1030) 

• What Channel 4's The 

Eleventh Mauris offering 

homosexuals and lesbians 
tonight between lOJWpm and 
platform as a whole conference 
centre. The rest of us are not 
compelled to attend, but If we do, 
and don’t Hke what we hear, it 
*. will bepoffifless to complain, we 
have been warned. Because I 
did not see Melania Chait's 
(1 1 35pm) when ft was first 
screened three years ago. i 

cannot speak tor, or against, this 

documentary about young 
lesbians, but it was 
sympathetically reviewed by 
some heterosexual writers. 1 can, 
however, recommend Robert 
OF HARVEY MILK (10.00pm) 
as an example of American TV 
documentary at its best It 


won an Oscar, and no wonder. 
Milk was the San Francisco 
champion of the city's "gays". 

As a local councillor, he also 
fought for ethnic minorities and 
■ non-fouted pavements, but it 
was not these two latier battles 
that culminated in his being 
shot dead in the City Halt along 
with the Mayor. Milk died 
because he was a homosexual 
thom in Ban Francisco's 
heterosexual side. Although 
some might see Robot 
Epstein's film as an exercee in 
gay propaganda, I view it 
rather as a warning about the 
dangerous path that all 
popular champions tread when 
they become the focus of a 
persecuted minority's aspirations 
• Like Harvey Milk, but on a 

much smaller scale and totally 
confined to the realms of 
fiction. Gareth Jones's 
9.30pm) is a variation on the 
David v Goliath theme, with 
the homeless Hazel O'Connor 
rallying the forces of other * 
squatters (the goodies) In a war 
against the butong 
developers (the baddies). This 
drama serial has sustained its 
vigour to the last I feared, fora 
moment that Jonas was 
□ping to pull a Passport to 
Pimbcoon us when one of 
the dispossessed tofic floats the 
idea of a UDI for this rundown 
area of Bristol. But common 
sense prevails, and Fighting 
BaOk concludes on a note that is 
true to the social realities that 
have unfolded so interestingly. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 





7.00 The Krypton Factor. A 
■ new sene! 


; new series of 
(Oracle)- . 

730 Coronation Street- AM 
.■-* finds out -what it/neansto - 
belong to a family. (Oracle) 

8.00 wahmank of Something. 
A new comedy series 
. about a middle-aged, 
unemployed man of • 

independent spirit, 

. ; .-.jMpnritod -WtftoJto 

Starring Sam.Ke 

Marda Warren. 


830 Fihn: Murder With Mirrors.. 

. (1985) Storing Helen. 

‘ Hayes. Bette Davis, John 
Mills' and Leo McKern. The 
second of the series of 
American-made television 
adaptations of Agetto 
Christie's Miss Marpte - 
mysteries. Directed by 
Dick Lowry. 

10.00 News at Ten with Atastair 
Burnett and Martyn Lewis. 
Weather followed by 
Thames news headlines 
10.30 The New Avengers. Steed 
discovers a cardboard 
target that fights back, (r) 
1130 Korme Warwick in 
London. Musical 

iculai filmed at the 

Royal Albert Hall 
12.30 Night Thoughts. 

ral Albert Hall. 


.Cranes. Ends at 


930 Ceefax. 

145 See Heart Sunday's 

4.10 Trades Union Congress 
1986. Coverage of the 
debate on ini 

535 Ceefax. 

535 News 


530 Our House. In a series 
about historic families and 
their houses. Lord 
Maclean talks about his 
castle home on the Isle of 
Mull, built for his Clan 700 
years ago. (r) 

Film: Cnarite Chan on 
Broadway (1 937) Starring 
Warner Gland, Keve Luke 
and Joan Marsh. The 
Chinese detective 
investigates the murder of 
a New York nightclub 
singer who carried in her 
diary the secrets of the 
underworld. Directed by 
Eugene Forde. 

Jump Run. A film about 
skyraving, (r) 

730 bidden Death in The 
Sofent A film of Trie 
VryeUa Cup yacht race in 
the Solent and a preview 
by Bob Fisher of the 
America’s Cup to be held 
in Australia. 

8.00 Royal Heritage. In Part 8 ' 
of Huw Whefoon's series ~ 
about Britain’s royal 
bonders and collectors, he 
examines the last part of 
Queen Victoria's reign, 
and deserves the details 
-of her family fife which - 
were revealed on the 
publication of her Journal, 

9.00 The Paul Daniels Magic 
Show. Paul Daniels' guest 
is weatherman ten 

. McCaskin. with American 
comedian Frank Rams; 
a perfo r m a nce by the 
of the Ice Bear. 
Thesecond in a three-part 
series of ffims about the 
Arctic looks at the animals 
that migrate there, such as 
the canbou which trek 600 
miles to give birthtend 

- barnacle-geese, who fly 

- 2,000 miles there to nest '• 
atttofisfc of starvation; 

' • the film shows the Arctic's 
brief ai^tMweejf summer, 
during which the land has 
_ a rich variety of animals,- 
blreis and flowers. The 
narrator is Hywef Bennett ' 
10.40 Newsnight The latest 


230 The Puppet Man. The first 
of a repeated six-part 
dramatized documentary 

- based on The Peep Show, 
welter Wilkinson’s book 
about his first journey 
through the west of 
England as a travelling 

. entertainer in 1925. In 
today's episode, he leaves 
London for the Cotswolds, 
where he makes some 

- puppets and a booth with 
the help of his friend 
William. After trying out his 
show at a country fate he 

'on the Mi neha ad 

sets out on the I 

steamer. Starring Rov 

inathan Cedi 

Hudtf and Joi 

3-05 Hands. The work of a 

basket-maker in Ireland, (r) 
335 American Short Story. A 
comedy, set in the 1920s, 
about an elderly couple 
who celebrate their 50th 
wedding anniversary by 
taking a winter holiday in 
St Petersburg, Flordia. (r) 

430 The Gong Stour. New 
ties of A 

series of American 
comedy shows, with 
Chuck Sards. 

5.00 AEce. To celebrate their 


' news. Including a report .- . 
by NWk.Cfarlce pn-tho J j •- 
opening of the Trades - — 

Union Congress.' r 

1135 Weather. 

1130- Open University. 

Sociology (r). Ends at 

Kart Howmxn: BBC1, 

lay they 

530 Sients, Please. A look at 
the comic styles of Charlie 
Chaplin, Harold Lloyd, 
Charlie Chase. Laurel and 
Hardy. Billy West, Larry 
Semen and Ben Turpin. 

6.00 The Pocket Money 
Prog ram me. Advice to 
youngsters on howto 
spend their money. 

Included this week is a 
real gold bar children 
from an infants school talk 
about ttie company they 
have set up; D J Kid 
Jensen advises on 
choosing stereo 
equipment (r) 

630 TUC Conference Report 
Highlights of today s 

7.00 Channel 4 News with 
Peter Sissons. 

730 Comment The first of four 
talks about education. ■ 

- Tonight, Roy Bland, a 
Cornwall scnoofteachef. ; . 
gives hisviews. Weather : 

830 Brookslde. Heather . 

. returns from Hong Kdng; 

jjbut finite rtdiffidifttp be. - 
along writhTNichdiasi Pauf 
and AnnabeHe dislike ' 
Gordon's openness, and -- 

- Bitty is a victim ot his own • 
honesty when he tries to 
sell his car. -Karen and Guy 
are unable to find a flat 

830 Fairty Secret Army. The 
first of a second series of 
comedies starring 
Geoffrey Palmer as a 
retired Major who sets out 
to rid the nation of lefties 
and people fighting for 
causes. (Oracle) 

9.00 Ketogg’s Start City 
Centre Cycling. The sixth * 
race of the series which 
takes riders through the 
centre of Birmingham. 

10.00 The Times of Harvey AML 
Robert Epstein's Oscar- 
winning documentary 
about the political career 
of Harvey Milk, a San 
Francisco homosexual 
who was assassinated in 

1 977 by a colleague on the 
city's Board of 
Supervisors. (See Choice) 

1135 Veronica 4 Rose. 

Interviews with young 
lesbians. (See Choice) (r) 
Ends at 1235 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. Stereo on VHF(s) 
535 Shipping. 6JM News Briefing: 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 

Week. 635 Prayer for the 

630 Today? Presented by 
Peter Hobday and Jot 
S kverman, wnth Brian 
Redhead in Brighton at 
the Trades Union Congress 
ind 630,730, 830 News 
Summary. 6.45 Business 
News. &55, 735 
Weather. 7.00, 8JDO News. 
735, 835 Sport 7.45 

Thought lor the Day. 
i Week on 4. 

835 The 

Programme previews. 

843 Five Hundred MHe 
Wa Ikies, by Mark 
WaUington. Read by James 
Saxon. Today: Breakfast 
in Minehead. 837 weather; 

9.00 News. 

935 Start the week with Gay 
Bume live from Dublin 

1030 ifcws: A Small Country 
Living. Jea nine McMullen 
on the delights of living in 
rural Bream (r). 

1030 Morning Story: Sleuths 
on the: 

L Sayers. 


10.45 Daily Service (si 

1130 News; Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Much 
Hadham and Little 
Hadham in Hertfordshire 

1148 Poetry Please! Listeners' 
requests presented by 
Vernon Scarmell. 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer programme 
with Chris Bums. 

1237 Counterpoint General 
musical knowledge > 
chaired by Ned! 

1235 Weather. 

1.00 The Work) atOne: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 135 


230 News; Wbman's Hour. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
i, by John 
i.Sterring Robert 
Stephens as the man 
whose crazy famdy are taken 
hostage by two escaped 
lunatics (r). 

4.15 Mole End. Compiled by 
Kate Tiffin. 

430 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 

Friday's edition 
PM. Newer 

530 pm. Newsmagazine. 
530 Shipping. .£55 
Weather:. '■ 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
630 After Henry. Comedy 

senes starting Prunefia 
Scales as a widow (r). 

7.00 News. 

735 The Archers. 

730 Science Now -In 

Passing. Colin Tudge 

'i HUfFanning 

35 through I 
arch Organization 

730 When Youth and 
Pleasure Meet. A 
celebration to mark the 30th 
anniversary of the 
National Youth Theatre, dr 
which founder and 
director Michael Croft recalls 
the early days of the 
company, followed by 830 
Good lads at Heart, by 
Peter T arson. Performed Oy 
present members of the 
National Youth Theatre. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on Nostromo 
on Radio 4. and the book 
Astaire Oanang. Also : 
half a century ot Puiewood 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Academic Year, by D J 
Enright abridged m ten 

episodes and read by 
Michael Deacon. 1039 


1030 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

1130 A Touch of Midas? 

WilUam Davies on muKi- 
miHionaire Robert Maxwell. 
1230 News: Weather. 1233 


(available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 

except 535-6. 00am 
Weather; Travel. 135- 
230pm Listening Comer 
530-535 PM 

(continued). 1130-12.1 Oam 
Open University.- 1130 
Mill the-Reformer. 1130 
Lauagtec French 
Architectural Theory. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On VHF/FM (in stereo), and MW 

635 Open University. Education 
' 7. Until 635am 

bulletin 7. 

635 Weather. 7.00 News 
735 Concert J C Bach 
(Symphony in G major, 

Op 6 Not), Rodrigo 
(Concierto Andakiz.for 4 
guitars and orchestra: Los 
Romeros). Mozart (Dies 
Bildnis ist bezaubemd 
. schop, Magic Flute: 
Wundarfich, tenor), ! 
(Shing Quartet in B flat 
' major. D 68J. 830 News 

8,05 Concert (caredi 

Vaughan Wiifiams (Henry 
V overture). Rebecca Clarke 
(Victe Senate. 1919. with 
KcxJousek, motel. Bridge 
(There is a willow...). 

Wazcr. (Richard III prelude). 
930 News 

935 This Week's Composer: 
ByrcL Chrar of New 
Cdtege. Oxford. Vide 
Do mine; Aspice Damme: 

Ne irascans: Dormne tu 
lurash; Tnstroa et 

9.45 French Wind Music 

recordings ot Francaix's 
Wind OumteL Poulenc's 

Sonata for two clarinets, 
and Cnslaw s Grand Septet 
in B fiat 

1045 British Ycuto Orchestras: 
Southampton Youth 
Orchestra (under Keith 
Smith). Shostakovich 
(Festival Overture). Arnold 
(Fcur Scottish Dances), 
Wagner ( Rienzi overture). 

Haydn (Trumpet 

irtomE flat, two 


movements), Prokofiev 
(Symphony No 1} 

11.45 Pied Piper: David 

Munrow on the dance (1) 

12.00 &>olin Sonatas: Sylvia 
Rosenberg and Roger 
Vignoies (piano). Schubert (A 
minor, D 385), Mozart (in 
C. K 303). Brahms (n A. Op 

100). 130 News 
1,05 Bournemouth SO (under 

Uri Segal). Webern (Six 
pieces for i 

pieces for orchestra. Op 6). 
Dvorak {Symphony No 7) 
230 Prom Talk.- includes a 
feature on the Toronto 
Symphony, and an interview 
with the orchestral 
conductor Matthias Bamert 

230 New Records: Dorati 
(Duo ccncertant: 
HoOtger.’Schiff). Giordano 
(Coipifo qui mavete. 

Andrea Cneruer Carreras, 
tenor). Suk (Serenade in 

E flat for strings). 


Lutosiawski (l 
e spaces du somme>l: John 
Shuley-Quirk), Chopin 
(Ballade No 4 in F minor: 
Gavrilov, piano), Dernsov 
(the song-cycle La vie en 
rouge, with Gerda 
Hartman, soprano). 
Stravinsky (Symphony in 
E flail. 435 News 
530 Mainly for Pleasure : with 
Lyndon Jenkins 
630 Organ music: Martin 
Hasel bock m Curdle 
School Chapel. Works by 
Josel Labor, and Franz 

730 Oth mar Schoecfc: Ian 
Caddy (baritone). Allan 
Schiller (piano). Settings of 
poems by Hermann 
Hesse, including Elisabeth, 
Ravenna, and 

Consolation and Toccata for 

730 Proms 886: Toronto 
Symphony (under 
Andrew Davis], with Louis 
Lortie (piano). Part one.. 
Mozart (Piano Concerto No 

630 Musical Times Past Fritz 
Spiegi on music-making 
in the last century 

830 Proms (continued): 

Mahler (Symphony No 9) 

935 Add Test RenuSetna 
reads the story by James 

10.15 Jazz Revisited; another 
in the Steve Race senes 

1130 Amor vmcitorete 

dramatic can tala. Music 
by J C Bach. With Pamzia 
Kwella. Catherine 
Den ley. Northern Smtoma 
(under Richard Hickox). 
and Smfoma Chorus.. 11.57 
News. 12.00 Closedswn. 

C Radio 1 

On medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the half hour from 
630am until 8.30pm then 1030 and 

1230 midnight 
m Adrian . 

5308m Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1230pm 

Newsbeat (Frank Patndge) 12.45 

Gary Davies 3.00 Dave Lee 
Travis 530 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 
730 Janice Long 10.00-1230 John 
PeeL VHF Stereos RADIOS i & 

2b- 4.00am As Radio 2. 1 0.00pm As 
Radio 1 .1230-430am As Radio 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave Stereo on 
VHF. Headlines 530am, 630, 730, 
830. Sports Desks 1 35, 2.02. 

332, 4.02, 5.05. 632, 645 (mf 
only), 935. Cricket Scoreboard 
730pm . Tennis: (US Open. 
Reports at 1 1.82pm, 12.05am) 
430am Cohn Berry 5.30 Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 9.30 

Ken Bruce 11.00 Jimmy Young 
obs 2. 

1.05pm David Jacobs 2.05 Gloria 
Hunmtord 330 David Hamdton 
535 Selma Scott 7.00 Alan Dell 
with Dance band Days and at 
730 Big Band Era 830 Big Band 

730 Big Band Era 830 Bm Be 
Special (BBC Bm Band) 930 
Humphrey Lyttelton with The Best 
of Jaez on record 9.55 Sports 
Desk 10.00 Tha ABC Chur. Ken 
Bnice asks members ot the 
public questions about sound 

record inqs 1030 Star Sound, 

Nick Jackson with film soundtrack 
requests 1130 Brian Matthews 
presents round Mxlmqht 1.00am 
Patrick Lunt presents'Nigmndo 
3.00-4.00 A Little Night Musk. 


630 MewsdBSh 6 30 The Profosscns 7.00 
News 7.09 Twenry-Four Hours 7 JO Sarah 
arm Company M0 News 8.09 Redecnons 
8.15 For Whom tho Bei Toffs 830 

Anything Goes 9.00 News 939 Rcvaow of 
Brush Press 9.15 Good Books 930 

Financial News 9.W Look Ahead 8.45 
Paehles' Choico 1030 News 10.01 The 
Prolessions 11.00 News 11.09 News 

Aboul Britan 11.15 Every Day a Holy Day 
i Time 12.00 Radio Newsreel 

1130 Album . . 

12.15 Bran of Britain 1988 12.4S Spoils 
Roundup 130 News 139 Twenty-Four 
Hours 130 G«*rt and Sulhvon Phenome- 

non 230 Outlook 2.45 Lake Wobegon 
3.15 Tho 

Days 330 Radio Newsreel 3.15 
Professions 3.45 What's New 430 News 
439 Commentary 4.15 TTrts Pantcular 
Piece 430 Engfeh MknahaBS 545 Sports 
Rouidup735 Peebles' Chora 530 News 
839 Twenty-FOur Hows 830 Sports 
International 930 News 931 Network UK 

9.15 Engksti Mntatures 930 Counterpoint 
1030 News 1039 World Today 1035 


Book Chora 1030 BnaraaJ News 1049 

Brtem 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1 230 Sarah 
and Company 130 News 131 Outlook 

1 30 Short Story 1.45 This Particular Place 

230 News 23& Review of British Press 

2.15 Network UK 230 Sports International 

330 News 339 News About Bntam 3.15 

World Today MS Reflections 430 Finan- 
iws 530 News 539 Twenty-Four 

dal News — 

Hours 535 World Today. Afl tlmea in 

FREQUENCIES: Hai«o t:i053kHz/285m;t089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 093kHz/433m; 9C9kHz/330m; Radio 3: -1215kHz/247m;VHF-90- 
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1458kHz/206m: VHF : g4.9; Wortd Service: MF 648kHz/463m. 


Street 130pn Lunchtime 130-235 
Making of Supennen II 5.15-535 Sans 
and OawflifefB 6.00 QnmwTRwoiT 
530-730 Horsas tor Courses 1030 Rni: 
Coalminer's Oeugher 1235am 

MTV WF®5T As London e*- 
m V WCOlYaw-ftML 

don Files l030-l030WlMht 
130pm News 130-235 Fall Guy 630- 
7.00 News 1030 Sewn Tixmal 
1130 FUnc Devil's Ram 123San 


1 030 PDseldon files 530p<o-730 . 
Wales at Sk 1 030 Week in.the Life OIL. 
11 .15-iai5em Rugby Review. 

TCUI As London except 9 38am- 
1030 Sesame Sheet 130pm 

News 130-23SFaB Guy 5-15 Gus 

Honeybun 530-S.45 Crossroads 530 To- 
day Soutn West 530-730 
EramerdHa Farm 1032 Futurewali 1135 
T J Hooker 1230am PostsalpL 

CAP Starts: 130pm Dancin' Days 

230 Lhiruau Dydd Uun2.15 Inter- 
val 230 American Short Smy 330 
Hovrto Be CaWc 430 Pocket Money Pro- 
gramme 530 Smurffc &30 A Gpafe 
5 Geer 830 Young end Okt 730 

VraThwell^sto 930 


Flftniau Tremor 1030 Coumry Mai- 
fore 1130TUC '86 1230 Ctosedown. 

GRANADA As London ax- 

UtWHHUW O Tf awn firannda 

Reports 930 Sectoteiy 9 l 55 Fdk 
Tales 1035 About Britain 1030-1130 

Wuzzles 130pm Granada Reports 
5 Han to Han 330-430 So 

130-235 Hart to Hen: 

1 630 Granada I 

Sons and 

1130 When me Muse's Over 
1235am Ctosedown. 
crvymSH As London BX- 
5y u 1 llon cept: 935am Sesame 
Street 103S-1O30 Cartoon 130pm 

News 1 30-235 Hart to Hart 330-430 

Shon Story Theetra 5.15-&45 
Emmordale Farm 530 Scotland Today 

630-730 Benson 1030 V 1135 Lata 

Call 1130 Guinness Book of Records 

AIJQIIA As London except 
HI1UUH 93Sam-1030 Sesame 

Street 130-130pm News 5.1WL4S „ 
Emmerdale Farm 530 About Anflta 630- 
730 Survival 1030 Eurosfwna 11.15 

Sweeney 12.15am Peraonal View, 

border £!£££?&* 

1035-1030 Professor KitzM 130pm 
News 130-235 Fifty Rfty 330-430 Sons 

and Daughters 930 Lookaround 
630-730 Take 

Take The Hi*i Road 1030 Early 

Beaties 1130 Sweeney 1Z30am 

As London ex- 
cept 935nn News 

Street 1. 

News 135 Lookaround 1 
Gumnass Book of Records 630 

Northern Lite 630-730 TlHt'sM^Boy 

1030 V 1130 Short Story 1230 1 
Gets a Bad Press. Closedown. 
4JL2 1030 Sesame Street 130pm 

News L3 I LS Making or Superman 


Coast to Coast 630-730 Parlour 
Game 1030 Fflnc Coalminer's Daughter 
1245am Company. Closedown. 


Tone . . . Men 930-1130 ton: 

Btondie Meets the Boss 13Qwi News 

130-235 Making of Supennmn 
630 News MS-730 Central Post 1035 

EC0 1135 Proieciois 1135 Contact 
1235am Jobflnder 135 Ctosedown. 


j 930 Survival 935-1030 1_ , 
gie Beneath the Sea 130pm News 130- 
225 The Baron 5.15*45 

Emmerdale Farm 630 North Ton igh I 

630-7.00 Crofting 1030 Bton John 
il Park 113 

in Central Park 1130 It's in the Closet. 
It's Under the Bed 1200 News. 
Close down. 

ULSTER AS London except 
ul - Jlcr> . 935am Sesame Street 
1035-1030 Max: the Mouse 130pm 
Lunchane 130-225 Ftfm: Find the Lady 
930-430Sor»and DaumaersS.00 
Good Evenmg Ulster 5»-7.0O Lileotyte 
1030 Frank &T3on Chartty Gotl 
Classic 1130 Sweeney 11.55 News. 

vnm the Deep 
‘ 130- 

Story 930-1030Crown 

i Scarecrow and Mrs Kng 330- 
9630 Calendar 

430 Country Practice 1 

630-730 Sport Speaal 1030 For 
Every ChM, A Ctxktoood 11.15 Pdsoner 

Cefl Block H 1215am Antibes Jazz 
Festival 1245430 Music Box. 
BBC1* WAL£S 535430pm 

1 Wales Today 235-730 Rdf 
“kna. 1135-1230 

Harris Cartoon Tima ' 

News of Wales. SCOTLAND 636-730pm 

Reporting Scotland. 10il5-1030 De- 
cades. 1030-1* 

-1210am Film: The Cincin- 
nati Kid. 121 0-1 215am Weatner 
5.40pm Today's Sport. 540-630 in- 
side Ulster. S.35-7.00 enamel One (new 
senes). 1135-12. 00»m Northern Ire- 
land News. ENGLAND B3S-730pm Re- 
gonal news magazinas. 



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730. 541 230 A 7.30 A Sept 8 
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CC 379 66667379 6433/741 
9999. CSrps 836 3962 EV9* 800 
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Over 1.400 lH " N N a tto R P««. 

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Mon rnuaFri/sai s JO 4 a 30 

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Mon-Frl 7 30 Thu Mai 230 Sat 5 


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perf-SeP* 11 ■*» l-OOWn. 

mtnrr lane theatre 

01-836 8106. 01240 9066/7 
TKkctnWWrf 379 6453 nrNMU 
34 hour 7-day cc bkes 240 7200 

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best musical 



plats a PLAYE RS ... 


AO MaU.WM 3.0. 

SM SO A 830 
Group S am 980 6123, 

Party Rated AviBaMa 

Btit W M S 836 8243 CC 240 
9648 OC 379 6453 dr CC 24 lw/7 

day 240 7200 EM& 8 Wed mal 3 
Sat 9 * 8 

DUKE OP YORKS. 836 61 22 CC 

836 9837/741 9999/240 7200. 

Fin 8 Thu 3 SU a A 030 


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NO Comedy hy- Richard Harris 
mecud by jona Mtwow 





FORTUNE (Air Cuod) S K 836 
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6123 Mon IQ Frt 8 Sal 830 Mat 
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miertammenl DouMe Double h 

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SLOME 437 1692. OC 379 6433/ 

bkff fee IN can 94 hr 240 7200. 
Grp Sale*' 930 6123 Evas 8 
Mats Wed 3 Sal 4. 
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5 Exj) 

An Amman comedy by 
Ken Luctwip 

Directed by David GMnwe 


7756 Eves 7 43. M4N Saf 230 
Toni al 70 FOR KING AND 
COUNTRY by Jown wiHoa 


Box ornce and CC Ol 9 30 9832. 
First CaO 24 hr 7 day cc oooum 
■ Ol 340 7200. 

■ DWrt from Broadway 
-A-wterb London «ane debut 
Financial Times 


-As fine a stWanor mem 
-screen one~ Today 


Bv Eugene Ortir 
-Jonathan .Miller's btolbmt 

■e BSfftaffflR 

HER MAJESTY S. Kaymancef 
930 4033/6606 3046/2856 
Tiekeuna&ier 379 6131- 
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Sarah . Bine 

BrisnUnan Barton 

□I reeled by HAROLD PRINCE 
Opere 9 Oa 

Munnd Dm 7. Show 8om 

437 3066. OC 73* 8961. 379 
6433. 741 9999 (no bke leeL First 
Can 24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200 
Grp balm 930 6123. 






Mon-Frl 73P. Mats ■wed 2.00 
SM 2.30 4 8 00 
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Mon-Frl A Sal IMPS 


NOW booking M April 1987 


2311 Now previewing Eves 
7 *3. wed Mar* 230. sal Itoto 
4.0 Opens Sew 8 at 7 O THE 

bv Lores. With Prtricte Havas, 
g in i fa ; J n ch i ia a tea 

STUMihra_M_Ein_asni. Sal 
Mats 4 16 
will! " 

Ai r VV1 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
ISOO 01-434 1060. 01-734 


“A nrlDianr Sc Joyously 
conue periomanre” F. Times 

The National Thealrrt acclaimed 
nrahKinn of 




-HearttneaWngta- limin'" Odh 

"Ultenoto. "S Times 
“A rare evening of 
romk exhilaration - Times 
Ev gs 7.5D. Mah Wed and Sal 3 O 
Croup Sam 01-930 6123 

Reduced price jnao Student 6 
O AP Su nd-bv 

CC BOOKPlOS ON OL 240 7204 

■ JAN *87 

LYTTELTON **’ 928 2262 CC 
'Kaiidnal ThearreM peotrenliiin 
atagei Toni. FTi 7 as. Sal 2.15 
Uow price mau & 7.46 


_ . _ tor Brian Clark 


SOL Tomor. Wfd.Thun, 

Previews £t»pl 1 5 10 IB A SW1 22 
4 23 41 T4S Opens Sept 74 at 
TOO. Then Sept 25 Vo » THE 

nRnTtMAD Air cond 236 6668 CC 

P741 9999 FirH can CC 240 7200 

•24 Mr*. 7 Day i Mon-rn s. sal 6 A 




staged by 


WEST MOT C-Lunus- 
ffnlaiiilad uatR Oct U 

IPrr-tneatrr food & druik) 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036 Mon- 
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“Tbs Best TbrBtarfor yean” S M 


"An onaoashed wtimr* & Exp 
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mats days of Deris all theatres 
from to am RESTAURANT <928 

20351. EAST CAR PARK, Info 

933 0880 AIR CO» 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
405 0072 CC 379 643S Eves 7.46 
Tue A Sal 3 00 A 7.46 




Croup Booting-. Oi-JOfl lB67 or 
0) 930 6125. HOW - 

MAY 30 15*7. 

OLIVIER -S* 928 2262 CC >Na 
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Toirt. Wed. piur 7 15. Tomor 
2 00 HOW Price mall 6 7.15 



comedy by Wnfel. 
version to SN Betirman 



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pr»<e mail A 7 15 THE THREE* 


436 2431 OC 379 6433 
cr Honmr 486 1433 


Sor ; 


ThUI ?SO A 7.46 laM Derb 
Next Weak: Hu t V Hathoal 
Yevrtb Th—frv 


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Fsl Call 24 Hr TDav CC 240 7200 

Cm Sales 930 6123 



Eves 7 30 Mats Thu A Sal 2 30 
iatreorwr*. not admitted . 
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BROKE DP WALES 01-9306681 
?2CC Hnlllne 930 0844/ 5/6 On 
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hr 7 aav- 240.72 00 
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EikTM vui Tnur 8 So r 3 


Jart-wto prior to Hal toar 

PHOEMX 836 2294 cr 240 9661 
741 9999 FiTd call 24 hr. 7 days 
240 7200. Grp Sales 930 6123. 
Eves 7.30. Thur mal 3. Sals 4 6 8 



Times • 

ditioned 457 4606. Credit Card 
Hooinn 379 6666 741 9999 Grp 
Sales 83* 3962/9SO 6123. 
MUM end SO Set* -prior fo USA 





Review MhiBk 
Evk 8 0 Mat. Wed 3 * Sal 5 

734 8951 Tirsl Call 24 Hr 7 Day* 
cc Booking 836 3464 Cm Salee 
930 *123 

Mon-Sal a. Mai Thurs 4 Sal a OO 



SHOW" Newsweek 

Row booklac to ai*reh 2S, 1987 


QUEEN’S 01-734 1166/7/ 

' : 240 7200. 

0261/0120. 24hr cc . 

Grp Sale* 910 6123 






Mnn-Sai 8 Mate wed 2-50 sai 6 

ROYAL COURT 8 CC 730 1745 
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Devlin MRMnaricabto- ahouM 
art be ria nT Time Dul. 

1AVOV Ol 836 8888 CC 01-379 
6219. 836 0479 Liminin 7.45. 
Mate Wed 3. Sat 5 A 8.30 







COMEDY. Ol 379 5399 Cc 01-379 

6 433/741 9999. F1P4 Coll 24-nr 

240 7200 ibfcg Itei Grp &dry 930 


The TTreWre of Comedy Co 

For a Pgdfcd. Sanaa only 





by Ben TMiwr • 
Din-rled by Mark WTiqtlcBi 
\hm-Fii 8 Wed Mal V&ai & 00 A 
830 Rodurefl price pmln 

Opent. Tomorrow ol 7.00pm 

SHAW THEATRE 388 139a 

MCHTSMOCK Evto 7.30 Mato 
Tue«i*Thur2 3QL4ST WEEK 

ST MARTOTS 01-836 1443. Spr 
OdCCKO 379 6«33 Ev<» BO 
Tory 2.4S. Sat ft 0 and 8 o 
341b yr rt AGATHA CHRISTIE’* 


836 3660 CC 836 
4143/5190 741 9999 Fnl Call 
. . 24 Hr 7 Dav cc 240 7200 
Grp Sales 930 6123 


"Tbe aharpert, HI eapt 




Duerlrd JL Chorecaraphed by 

Mon-Fn 7.45 Mal Wed 3.00 
Sai A 30 14 8 15 



,0789 r 295629 or TKJulnuMer 

01 379 6453 ROYAL SHAKE- 


No perif. Towdil. Tomor. Wed. 

Rkkard H onto Thun Eves 

7 SO Mat Sal t 30 Swaa The- 

atre. ho orris uus week Frtr 
Maid opens ThuH SeM Illh. 



•Tire no besi of Bniaui’s comic 

talent” OBI.- Man ■ - 
See separate entries Under: 


B36 9987/5*43 Fire! call CC 24 
his, 240 720011*9 feel EitoSO. 
Mau WM 2 30. Sal 3D. 8.30." 



3 AT 7JOO 


Eves 7.30 Mate Wed & Sal 2AS, 


“FfrawMfu. Fruaifelae A 
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_ .FemHir Ste~“_ Times. 
4KnDr«i» cm FtRGiT CALL 24 Hr* 
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Mats 3 Sal ft A 8 IS 




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776S/B39 44S5 CC 01 379 

6505/6433. 741 9999 Grtri 01 
336 3962 Mourn BOO. Wed Mai 
3 00 Site 6 OO ft 83 0 





to-JB PrirtUn 
Curried by Ronald Eyre 



WORLD" S cxnrrv. 

WTNDHAMS Air Conditioned 
83* 3028 ■■ 379 6565 / 379 6433 
Grns S3* 3962 

Eirt 9, SaK 6 ft B 30 

Saaun mart a^ 4 Oct 


-Eleclnlvinq" ID Matli in 

Bv Donald Freed 

Directed to- HAROLD POTTER 
*-A dimuMuN play, blnale 
and wiilv" Tune*! “Full of 
uuion. roncem and outrage" 
Cilv Lurute 

WYNOHAHTS a 830 3028 CC S79 
6565/6433/ 1 rt Call 34 nre 7 day' 
Z&o 7200/741 999 Crps 836 
3962. Oban* 7 Octobar. 


to Brian Clary 


YOUNG VIC 928 6363 CC 37S 
*433 Far 4 wks only 


in GHOSTS to 1 tew from Oci Z 

YOUNG Vie STUDIO 928 63*3 
NY 76 Cm pm nl* Eiev Brsro 




mean Cenlre. London. EC2 01- 
638 4141. Don S Oct 

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UK* and Orav>«9!> to Uve 
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Oct W. EUGENE SMITH, a rr- 
mauniiBo of ihp. gieal 
phofoqrjphMY own rwrotpre 
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pnotographL Gallery adituwioii 
C2 and £1 open Tuk Sal 
iCMm 6 45pm. Sun ft Bank 
HoH 126 4&pm. dared Mw, 
pxrepi Bank He*. 

WC1 TIM to la , nall mial THE 

enrv M MAPS mal a «iMr«- 

Hoa rt ST AUG UST INE or 

HIPPO 1354-4301. Mon SU 
10-5 Sun 2 30" 4dm free. 


NKYTAHI. Adm Cl BO. Mon-Sal 

1»5 Sun ?.«Xj Recorded 

inlo 01 680 1788 

TATE GALLERY. Mlllteuik Swi 
STEPHEN COX Soutli Indian 
SrulMuie.Neu Arl fierir-.i Ln 
Ul 1* Orl. Adm. free WLdyi 10 
5.50 Sum 2 5 50 R. flirted 
min 01 nai "l^H 


A NANCY ilfli Film 41 1 30 
3 50 615 ft BAS. 

CHELSEA C OM MA 351 374? 
al 230 a 35 * 40 B SO 

49* 3TJT Flirt Call 24Hr 7 Dav 
cc 240 7200 iBVj Fee* Maw 
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VIEW rPCl Film al 1 30 than 
Sum 5 45. elP K 0.40 

CURZON WEST END shalksbuiv 
■lii-nur Wl 439 481* Flrrt 
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* lO ft 8 40 

CATE CINEMA. Nrtlirvi Hill 
Gale. 727 4041 SID AND NAN- 

4 25 6_S6 8.43 Adv4ficr 



“40 5252 iEJMH'933 7615 i?4 
nr iWni*. 1 Vim.-' AmEx Book- 
into! TARGET US' Sep proto 
RHiy 2 20 S 20 B 25 All pioy. 
bonk.iMe in Jflunrp 

LUMKRE CMEMA 379 3014/ 
tPG'. Film al 1.00 3 30 *00 
B 16. 

23S 4Z2S Woody Allan. 
MkiupI Caine. Mu Farrow 

(151 Daily: 3.0 5.0 7.0 90. 
L.ilr Sho>*‘.Fn ft Sal 1 1 15 toil 
-Hllannw. humane, lughly 
arlniiljh- movie” lOtorrveri 


70971 Wall Disney y FANTASIA 
<L i Sep progs Daily 1 SO SOO 
810 All rtute bookable in 
advance. ur«n and visa 
I etc Phone booking wiekomr. 
End? M-ihi« 


■930 pm- Into 930 4250 / 
4359 ALIENS ngi Sep proto 
Dooiy open DaiG 1 00 4.15 
7 3D. Lair Niqhl Show Doers 
open 11.15pm All progs 
iwnaoiii in advance Crmii 
Card Hoi Line cAcceso/ Vua/ 
AmE.M839 1929/030 323S. 24 
iMiirarvirr E2 50 whs avail, 
able Monday all peris. 

2011) ALIENS ilBi Sep Drop, 
Doors upep Daily 1 15 4 30 
800 Reduced pnees lor Slu 
deni card mnoers. usao 

holders OAT’S 

ISM Uni, I B Ori. Adm. 
C2 50/El &o. Recorded Into 
01 261 0127 


935 2772. 11 HANNAH AND 

HER St5TEB£ - 1 Si SOO 4.15 


il3> 1 38 3 5ft o 30 6 4ft Scab, 
iwowmr Lir Bar 


22* SKP Srtesen Son-lberq's 

THE COLOR PURPLE 1 1 5i 2 Oft. 
5 no. BOS Seat- boobanie in 
ad, anre. 

3396/9787. DESERT MARTS 

um 5 00 445 700 * 05. 
Fn/toU ll 15 Lie Bar Seals. 
Bookable Ait Conditioned. 



British complete 

From Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

the mm TIMES 


First pridbhed la 1785 


Steve Cram won his gold 
and self-respect back. Jack 
Buckner ran the greatest race 
of his life to take the 5,000 
metres, and the 4 x 400 metres 
team are looking for the 
Americans after their sub- 
three minute victory.All of 
which made it eight g old 
medals for British athletes at 
the European championships 
this week, equalling the 1950 
tally. Oh. and the sun finally 
shone. But that mattered as 
little as it had done all week. 
For this was one of the greatest 
athletics meetings in history. 

It was in the last champion- 
ships. in Athens in 1982, when 
Cram sprang into the senior 
record books as a winner, 
taking advantage of a mix-up 
in a slow-run race to run away 
from the held and into conten- 
tion as one of the great 
middle-distance runners. 

Yesterday he needed to 
confirm that contention in a 
similar dawdle, with the ten- 
sion. that had dissipated since 
Sebastian Coe's brilliant vic- 
tory in the 800 metres and 
subsequent British successes, 
building up again as the 12 
men in the 1.500 metres final 
just jogged around the track 
waiting for the Britons to 
make their move. 

Most of the pressure was on 
Cram. After winning the 
Commonwealth double, he 
had come here to do the same, 
but was put in his place, rhind 
place, when Coe had finally 
won the major 800 metres title 
that his career had been 
lacking, and was also beaten 
by Tom McKean. 

Cram admitted after his 
victory here that “I have 
never felt so low and de- 
pressed as the day after that 
800 metres race on Thursday. 
That wasn't the real Steve 
Cram you saw there. I didn't 
perform properly, and it was 
very important that I came 
back today." 

And that comeback started 
slowly, and built to a cre- 
scendo. Cram assumed the 
lead after 300 metres, but that 
was only to keep out of 
trouble, and be ready to make 
the break, for he did not pick 
up the pace appreciably. The 
first 400m was run in 
63.S5sec. and the first 800m in 
2min 07.59sec, with John 
Gladwin, the third Briton, in 
dose attendance, and Coe, 
fifth, almost running in lane 
three so tight was the group. 

Coe was probably taking it 
too easy with only 600m to 

run. by which time Gladwin 
had taken the lead, with Cram 
a close fifth. For Coe was 1 1 th. 
And the pace had been picking 
up perceptibly. In fact the last 
800m was being run in 
1:49.02. and. when Cram took 
the lead at the bell, the pattern 
was set for the chase. Coe 
moved into third with 300m 
to go. but by the time he tried 
to come to terms with Cram, it 
was too late. Cram was run- 
ning the last lap in 51.2, and 
the Iasi 200m in 25. 1 . and the 
race was won with 100m to go, 
when it was evident that Coe 
could not dose the gap. The 
relief for Cram was ail too 
evident, and completely in 
character, for this quiet man 
hardly showed any jubilation, 
whilst Coe, having already 

Results, page 34 

won his gold, finished with a 
broad smile on his face and a 
handshake for the victor. 

Cram's immediate reaction, 
referring to Coe and the great 
battle which every one had 
expected this season, and 
which got put off when Coe 
was ill lor the Commonwealth 
.Games: “One gold each isn't 
bad. but perhaps it all proves 
I'm not a great 800m runner 
after all. Seb's best at that I'm 
happy to settle for being best 
at 1.500m." 

Jack Buckner, in contrast 

was overjoyed with his gold 
medal. Many people have 
said, in private if not in public, 
that Buckner would never win 
a big title, or even a big race. 
We are duly contrite. 

Buckner outstripped a 
tremendous field, including 
the Olympic silver and bronze 
medal winners, and withstood 
a similar attack from Stefano 
Mei to that which had won the 
Italian the 10,000m title. 
Buckner ran home one arm 
aloft in 13min 10.15seca time 
second only in United King- 
dom history to Dave 
Moorcroft's one-time world 

When the field had sorted 
itself out after 3km. and the 
race was finally on, it devel- 
oped into a reckoning between 
the British, who had won the 
800 and 1 ,500m. and the 
Italians, who had won the 
10.000m and the marathon. 
For Tim Hutchings and Buck- 
ner were leading Alberto Cova 
and Mei. But Steve Ovett had 
finally succumbed to the ef- 
fects of last week's virus, and 

dropped out with four laps to 

Cova dropped away, and 
Evgeni Ignatov, of Bulgaria, 
launched an attack. But with 
300m to go. Mei did the same 
as in the 10,000m, but did not 
lose Hutchings and Buckner. 
The two Britons stumbled 
behind Mei on the last bend, 
but Buckner came out best, as 
bedid 25m later when starting 
a sprint, which Mei, looking 
round, immediately conceded 
he could not match. 

Buckner, sporting a spiking 
on the left ankle, readily 
conceded: “I've never beaten 
anyone coming off the bend 
before. ! didn't feel good in 
Edinburgh [second to Oveu] 
and I didn't really feel that 
good in the middle laps here. I 
was going to lead with three 
laps to go, but somebody did it 
for me. Although I was run- 
ning hard when the pace 
picked up I knew I still had 
something left." All of that 
was evident, for the last 
kilometre was being run in 
2.27.96, the last 800m in 1.56, 
and the last lap in 56sec. And 
the brave Buckner had con- 
founded everyone: 

It takes four heroes to win a 
relay, but Brian Whittle, like 
some latter-day Cinderella 
lost bis shoe and found a gold 
medaL And Roger Black 
underlined the worth of his 
individual title by turning on 
an unprecedented change of 
pace in the last 20m of his 
anchor leg to take gold for the 
British team. 

Derek Redmond ran a ster- 
ling opening lap to hand over 
in the lead to Kriss Akabosi, 
who was overtaken, but kept 
in touch with Vladimir 
Krylov, the Soviet 200m win- 
ner. Whittle had his shoe tom 
off by the Soviet athlete on the 
take-over, yet ran an astonish- 
ing -Msec lap to hand over in a 
close third place to Black. 
Whittle said: “I kicked it off, 
and didn't think about it 
again. I ran well without it, but 
1 wouldn't like to do it again." 
The scene was set for a grand- 
stand finish in this last race of 
the championships. And 
Black's astonishing change of 
pace, bringing the British an- 
other medal, was doubly apt 
For the British team, with 
eight gold medals, two silvers 
and five bronzes (Hutchings' 
third in the 5.000m, and also 
the 4 x 100m relay yesterday) 
was, with such proximity to 
the mightiy Soviet and East 
Geranan teams, the great suc- 
cess of these championships. 

:• •• 

>• / , . ■ \y--V: ■■■ 

jj-.. ‘ 

Golden moment: Cram tarns the tables on Coe In the 1300m 


Wilkison draws 
the first blood 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, New York 

Defeated Jones forced to 
revise his racing schedule 

Steve Jones had style, even 
in defeat, after looking as 
likely and as distant a winner 
as he bad been in his three 
marathons op until Saturday, 
be conceded a two-minnte lead 
at half way, and crawled 
across the line in twentieth 
place oat of 21 finishers. 

But instead of sinking on to 
a stretcher, as he looked and 
felt entitled to do, the Welsh- 
man tottered to a halt and 
immediately stood to attention 
as he heard the opening 
strains of the East German 
anthem, celebrating Anke 
Behmer's heptathlon victory. 
Nor did Jones have second 
thoaghts about the way be ran, 
even though the first 20 
kilometres, completed in two 
seconds over the boor, and a 
sab-47 minute 10 miles be- 

From Pat Butcher, Stuttgart 

tween three and 13. might 
seem presumptuous, knowing 
from the women's race that the 
second half of the course was 
much harder. 

Nor did the punctillioDsness 
which promoted standing to 
attention for the anthem desert 
him in the finishing of the 
race. He said: “That was the 
most painful experience of my 
life, bat I never considered 
dropping oat. and f would run 
the same way tomorrow." 
Jones tried to expunge the 
memory of the defeat with a 
visit to Stuttgart's wine festi- 
val Saturday night. But he 
could not wash away the aches 
and pains, especially in the 
joints and kidneys, which led 
him to believe that his race 
preparation had gone awry. “1 
was aware that I was not in top 


shape after finishing fifteenth 
in Falmouth two weeks ago," 
Jones said. That race was in 
New England, where Jones 
had also gone looking for the 
hot weather which everyone 
expected here: “I was training 
in really hot conditions, and I 
think 1 never really recovered 
from the dehydration which 1 
experienced there. Another 
problem was that I made a 
mistake about the water here. 
I saw that there would be 
water at the feeding stations, 
bat I did not realise that in 
Germany that means mineral 
water, ami I only got the fizzy 
stuff, which I couldn't drink." 

His painful experience has 
caused Jones to re-evalaate 
his autumn season. He was 
going to race in one of the 
American marathons. 

Langer slips past Davis 

From Mitchell Platts, DnsseWorf 

Bernhard Langer won the 
German Open on the 
Hubbclrath course here yes- 
terday when he holed from 15 
feci for a birdie at the fifth 
extra hole to overcome 
Rodger Davis, of Australia, in 
a marathon play-off. 

Langcr's first success of the 
season and his fourth German 
Open title in six years came in 
spite of opening the 
championship with a 75. then 
being pressurd by a galaxy of 
players during the fast round. 
Davis's course record of 64 
had swept him up alongside 
Langer (67) on 273, 15 under 

Sandy Lyle also sprang out 
of the pack with a 66 to share 
third place on 275 with Mark 
McNulty (67), of 
Zimbabwe.white Ian 
Woosnam (66) and Mark 
Mouland (69) were one stroke 
further adrift. Severiano 
Ballesteros's hopes of a sixth 
victory this season evaporated 
on the closing stretch as he 
finished with 3 68. but Peter 
Baker completed an encourag- 
ing championship with a 72. 

Lyle and Ballesteros set the 
pattern for an afternoon 
packed with high-quality golf. 
Lx le. out in 3 1 . swooped from 
four shots behind the over- 
night pacesetters, lan Baker- 

Finch. of Australia, and 
Langer. to the top of the leader 
board. Ballesteros, who 
started out two strokes further 
adrift, also turned in 31 with 
four birdies and an eagle. 

The temptation to attack 
'filtered into the veins of a 
dozen contenders and neither 
Lyle nor Ballesteros could 
afford to drop a shot each at 
the short 1 1th with Davis and 
Langer both charging. 

Davis, oozing confidence, 
launched his challenge by 
holing from M yards for a 
birdie at the second. He was 
out in 31 and moved ahead 
with a birdie at the long 1 2th 
and another at the next where 
he holed from six feet. 

Langer. slow into his stride, 
reached the turn in 34. then 
struck for home with birdies at 
the 10th and 12th holes. 
Baker-Finch, alongside the 
West German, was unable to 
stay with the pace and. as 
Ballesteros also faltered, so 
Lyle and McNulty emerged as 
the likeliest threats. 

Dax is moved further ahead 
with successive birdies at the 
1 6th and 1 7th. Baker, much to 
his crediL remained in the 
thick of things until he 
dropped a shot at each of the 
last three holes. Lyle's drive 
into the trees at the 18th 

proved to be his Waterloo, 
while McNulty was unable to 
make further progress after 
gathering five birdies in his 
first 12 holes. 

Davis looked assured of an 
outright win until he un- 
characteristically took three 
putts on the last green. It left 
the door open for Langer. 
playing behind him. to hole 
from four feet at the 17th for 
the birdie which made certain 
of a third successive play-off 
on the PGA European Tour. 
FINAL SCORES (GB unless staled): 

won play-otf at fifth extra hois). 275: 
A Lyle. 70. 71. 68. 66: M McNuRv 
M 67. 72. 69, 67. 27& 1 
Woosnam. 74. 68. 68. 66; M 
Mouland. 68. 73. 66. 69. 278: D 
Smyth (Ire), 73, 67, 70, 68: G Brand 
jun.. 71. 71. 66. 70: 1 Baker-Finch 
(Aus). 68. 68. 70. 72. 279: S 
Ballesteros (Sp). 69. 69. 73. 68: 1 
Mosey. 72, 67. 70. 70: P Baker. 67. 
70, 70. 72. 28ft R Stewart (Cal). 68. 
73. 71. 68; D Feherty, 68, 71. 68. 73. 
281: C Mason. 68. 74. 70. 68: A 
Johnstone (Zlm). 70. 70, 72. 69. 282: 
D WMams. 73. 69, 70. 70: M Lanner 
(Swe>. 70. 75. 67. 70. 283: J R«ero 

75. 72. 69. 68; R Chapman. 74. 66. 
73. 71 . 285: S Torrance. 70. 73. 67. 
75: R Lee. 72. 74. 68. 71. 286: C 
O Connor jun. (Ire). 73. 70. 70. 73: D 
Durman. 67. 75. 72. 72: V Fernandez 

Yannick Noah, seeded fifth, 
was beaten by Tim Wilkison 
of North Carolina in the 
United States championships 
on Saturday. Of the players 
seeded to reach the last eight 
of the singles events, Noah 
was the first to lose. The left- 
handed Wilkison is a bois- 
terously energetic player who 
throws himself about so much 
that he has earned the nick- 
names "Doctor Dirt” and 

The match lasted five sets 
and three hours and 19 min- 
utes. Noah eventually seemed 
to tire a little. Wilkison served. 
welL went for his shots at the 
right time, and never relaxed 
the pressure. His previous 
victims this year include Boris 

Stefan Edberg won a five-set 
match for the second day 
running, this time a charming 
due! with Ramesb Krishnan. 
By contrast Ivan Lendl has 
won nine consecutive events, 
though the three sets he played 
with Jonas Svensson took a 
long time. “I had to be 
careful”, Lendl said later. “A 
few years ago I had a bad 
experience at the French 
championships. I played a kid 
from Sweden I had never 
heard of — and be beat me and 
went on to win the 
tournament". That other “kid 
from Sweden" was Mats 

Lendl’s next opponent will 
be Brad Gilbert, who beat 
Johan Kriek. The other day 
Kriek was walking past a 
pitch-and-putt course outside 
the tennis centre when a 
wayward ball hit him on the 
head, raised a bump, and 
made him very cross. 

Two of the top eight women 
seeds were taken to three sets: 
Pam Shriver by Elise Burgin 
and Bonnie Gadusek by Helen 
Kelesi. For the third time 
Steffi Graf lost only one game, 
this time against Beverly 
Bows. ofTexas. who retired in 
the second set because she was 
feeling dizzy (nothing to do 
with golf balls! 

Double for 

Gary Lineker, the, former 
Everton forward and top 
marksman in foe World Cup 
finals in Mexico, scored twice 
for his new club. Barcelona, on 
the opening day of the Spanish 
League season. 

Lineker was on target 
within two minutes of 
Barcelona's home match 
against Racing Santander and 
scored again after 25. Barce- 
lona went on to win 2-0 before 
a crowd of 75.000. Mark 
Hughes. Barcelona’s other 
expensive import from the 
English League, had a quiet 

Victory leap 

Britain's show jumping 
team won the Nations Cup 
event in Liege on Saturday to 
maintain their lead in the 
President's Trophy world 
championship.The "team of 
four had a two-round total of 
19 points to finish one point 
ahead of Brazil and the 
Netherlands, who came joint 

Annabel Croft of Britain, 
took only five games from the 
tall, dimly built Stephanie 
Rehe, aged 16, a Californian 
of German parentage: Miss 
Rehe was the more consistent, 
especially on the back-hand. 
Miss Croft was the fourth 
British player to lose to a 
younger opponent. 

Three items of off-court 
news demand notice. They 
concern foe Association of 
Tennis Professionals, Austra- 
lian courts, and John 
McEnroe. The ATP board of 
directors (their management 
committee) have terminated 
the contract of their executive 

Resnlts, page 34 

director, Mike Davies, a for- 
mer British No 1. “There are 
major philosophical dif- 
ferences between us," a mem- 
ber of the board explained. 
“We want to go in different 

The ATP board may re- 
consider their opposition to 
the idea foal synthetic grass 
courts should be installed at 
Australia's new national ten- 
nis centre, due to open in 
1 988. The ATP have been told 
that their attitude was based 
on experience of previous 
synthetic grass surfaces, rather 
than the modified versions 
now being tested — with a 
variety of other surfaces — in 
Melbourne. Australia are 
discarding the traditional 
grass but want to stay close to 
it and. at foe same time, install 
a surface that differs from foe 
shale of Paris and the hard 
courts of Rushing Meadow. 

Last Friday McEnroe and 
Peter Fleming arrived late for 
a doubles match and were 
scratched and each fined al- 
most £700. McEnroe has since 
been fined an additional 
£2.650 for “verbal abuse” of 
officials after foe disqualifica- 
tion bad been announced. 
Such fines are trivial to a 
player of McEnroe’s wealth. 
Suspension would be a more 
effective penalty. 


Lineken fine debut 

Cooper second 

Malcolm Cooper, the world 
300 metres prone rifle cham- 
pion. missed a second title on 
count-back at the worid 
championships in Skoude, 
Sweden on Saturday, but 
broke his own record for 
standing shots and equalled 
the 40 shots prone and three 
positions records. Glen Dubis. 
of the United States, won the 
title and shares the new record 
of 1.174 with Cooper. 


A ripping 
start to 
world sail 

From Barry Pfckfoal] 
Newport, Rhode Island 

The BOC single-handed 
round the world yacht race 
began in spectacular fashion 
from Newport with three 
competitors d am ag ing their 
yachts in collisimis and a 
fonth suffering a broken 
beading halyard before the 
25-stnrag fleet had even ven- 
tured out of Narragausett Bay. 

Five hundred or more spec- 
tator craft, milling around m 
the starting area in the narrow 
rhatmrf between Newport and 
Jamestown for the 3pm send- 
off added to the difficulties 
food by these sailors as they 
ran up and down their decks 
frantically setting and adjust- 
ing their sails daring the pre- 
start manoeuvres. 

The first collision occurred 
six min utes before the start 
when the 60ft Ecsreoil 
d'Acqmtame, skippered by 
Frenchman Tonan Lamazon, 
ran into the stem of Warren 
Lehrs' American challenger 
Thursday's Child. 

The French yacht came out 
of it virtually unscathed. but 
Lulus, one of the favourites, 
had to be towed bade to dock 
for repairs to be made on his 
yacht's rudder and aerials. 

The second drama occurred 
minutes after the gun had fired 
when a raff rigged sailing 
cruiser drifted fata) the path of 
John Martin's South African 
entry, Tnna Marine | 
Voortrekker, as she led the 
fleet out of the bay. 

The yacht's boom snagged ! 
in Veortrekker’s rusting and | 
moments later the 30ft crasser 
was being dragged along on its 
beam aids until Martin cat , 
away the damage to leave the 
boat waterlogged and its five- 
man crew floundering in the 

Harry MftcheQ, of Britain, 
safimg the Class 2 entry 
Doable Cross, also made a 
tent a tive start and yesterday 
morning was lying last until 
the Sooth African, Bertie 
Reed, was forced to torn bade 
with auto-phot problems. 

Duck broken 

Britain and Ireland gained 
their first overseas victory 
against the Continent of Eu- 
rope when they won the 
youths golf international in 
Bilbao, yesterday. They won 
with an overall score of 13% 
points to 1<ta. after taking the 
singles 5-3. Earlier they shared 
the morning foursomes 2-2 to 
make the match score S'k-l'h. 

Title defence 

Turin (AP) — Bernardo 
Pinango, of Venezuela, the 
Worid Boxing Association 
(WBA) bantamweight cham- 
pion. will put his title at stake 

g ainst the I talian challenger, 
ro De Leva, in Italy next 1 
month. The contest will prob- 
ably be held on October 4. 

Glum Scots 

Scotland foiled to find their 
form in the weekend's trian- 
gular hockey tournament at 
Unwood in Glasgow as 
France beat them 2-1. Scot- 
land took second place, hav- 
ing beaten Ireland 1-0 on 
Friday. France and Ireland 
drew 2-2 on Saturday. 

Paradox of the 
race made ,i jj{ 
for Coe to win t 

The story of the 1500 metres 
final, and Stave Crain's reten- 
tion of his European title, fay 
fat the difference between the 

first and last 800 metres- The 

Irony was that Cram should 
sain revenge on Sebastian Coe 
uta stow race which it had 

been supposed would be likely 
to favour Coe. 

Strength has always been 
the base of Cram's exceptional 
fanning over the past four 
years, in championships and 
record-breaking, and it 
strength that now enabled him 
to re-establish his reputation, 
when defeat by Coe would 
hare called info question much 
of what Cram has achieved. 

After the first 800 in 2mm 
7,5sec, Cram ran the second in ... . . 

1-49.2. That was the kind of compettavely just for the sake 
bunting last two laps with of being there.” he says. *\ 
which Straub and Coe beat Although these . champbn- 
Ovett in the Moscow Olympic ships have been a resounding 

Games. Now Coe, ranting success, the mood has been 

wide to stay out of trouble in a clouded by widespread talk of 

b«mpmg race and, In a still- an increase in blood-doping, 

crowded field just after the the process by which an * 

bell, momentarily losing touch athlete tops up his faaemo- j 

with the leaders on the pennl- giobia shortly before com- 

fimate bend, bad not the petitions with an injection of j 

gtummfl to sustain his chal- extra blood, previously ex- - 

lenge as they entered the final traded and in the interim 

straight replaced by the body's normal 

Neither had run outstand- process. This can be partied- | 

iogly. but Cram, taking the larty valuable in the long i 

bdd decision to push np the distance events, 
pace when the runners bad The suspicion that prom- 
almost slowed to a walk on the inent athletes have been using 
first bend, found within him- this process has existed since 4 
self what was necessary in the 70s and before, ami the j 

spite of some troubles he has means of detecting it, short of 
been suffering with his calf. a forensic inspection of 
Coe, who had ran 3-35 a competitors’ forearen for nee- 
couple of times since his die pm£nres, * drffiata. One 
influenza during the Common- possibility wouM be tor dreg 
wealth Games, must be tests to be mute ona Mood 
wondering whether he should, sample following foe event 
nmifdB ufj as it is for him, instead of urine. This would 
hare run from foe front and more easily facilitate the 
made it a fast race to put foe detection of those drugs al- 
maximum pressure on Cram's ready banned, and would also 
suspect condition. Normally provide a measure of h&emo- 
tfaat would have played into gtobin content in comparison 
Cram’s tat now might with foe competitor’s normal 
have made it difficult for hSn, leveL Yet the medical comrnto- 
even if it would have favoured sions of sportmg bodies amid ‘ 

Gonzalez, who finished fourth encounter opposition on al- 
and would have preferred a leged religious grounds. 
fas ter tore Such to foe Frankly, with cheating now 
complexity of tactics. advancing into such sophis- 

it*, tkated arenas, it is reasonable - t 

*» “ ■*“«* 

appeared to tbe dressing-room se *i{^ n ^, succes ® “j i 


the last timewe shall have eh™tefraud. 

seen the 30-year-oM multiple EVSIIIS S altitude Th 

CpicXSiSrr. Jg record in peril 

championship? Roger Black's winning time 

Certainly it is unlikely that of 44£9 in the 400 metres 
be wiD ever a gain run in the suggests that I^e Evans's 18- x 
two events he has contested year-aid world record of 43-86 jL 
here, not even next year’s established at altitude in foe f 
world evert. “I don’t want to Olympic Games in Mexico j; 
sound Masd, but I would never City, to soon going to be a.-.* 
want to go through all the threatened even at sea leva. p : 

t raining and hard work of Considering foe weather con- i ti t 

preparing through the winter ditioas in Stuttgart, Black's 

if I didn't believe I had a performance is probably worth 

chance of winning the gold more th a n foe European | 

medal," he says. “TTirt’s why I record of Erwin SkamraM, of i 

was here in Stuttgart. Not only West Germany, set in 1983, 

was it tile last chance for an and would be pressing the 

800 gold medal, but I genu- worid record if run in heat at 

indy thought I had reasonable altitude, 
hope in both.” Thomas Schdnlebe, runner 

-.n np to Black, was a hundredth 

J. ests 011 3.11 at of a second outside his 1985 

all fimPC time of 44.62 and both are in 

range of Alonzo Bahers’s 1984 
Tbe decision now to be made Olympic tune of 44J27. For 
is whether be vriH attempt one someone whose legs are said to 
season of ranting the 5.000. In be fragile, eliciting the nick- 

all probability he will have his name Bambi, Black is one of s - 

first teste of twelve ami a half the most exciting at hlete s to 
laps in Brussels next Friday, emerge in these champtou- 
tat then comes the problem of ships. It was outside predic- . ; 1 
whether his responsibility of don when Coe beat Alberto y ( -f 
working half the week as Juan tor ena's world record for 
deputy chairazan of foe Sports 800 metres in 1979: now Black 
Council would permit him to can hope to snrpass ■' V,' * 

do the kind of mileage that Jaantoreoa’s Montreal Olyra- 
wonld be n eeded to contest foe pic-winning time of 44.26 in V-. 

5,000 with men like Aouita. “I next year’s world •>., 

would never want to ran championships. 


Mr .*' • 




Rangers find it easy 
against old rivals 

By Hugh Taylor 

A well-designed goal in the 
74th minute gave Rangers a 
deserved win over Celtic in 
the first Scottish league game 
to be televised live at Ibrox 
Park yesterday. . 

At last Graeme So un ess’s 
expensively purchased side 
played, after a faltering start, 
with more than a few glimpses 
of distinction and the winning 
goal from Durrani, after a 
brisk, concerted attack in 
which Cooper was prominent, 
was a gem. A crowd of 43,502 
enjoyed a sporting match in 
which only three players were 
cautioned. Yet, with the play- 
era being terribly nice to each 
other and tbe referee intent on 
punishing the slightest nudge, 
U was not long before foe 
flattest start in Old Firm 
history ended in traditional 
fashion following an oid-stvfe 
lunge by Aitken. the Celtic 
captain, on Dunam which left 
foe Ranger sprawling in ag- 
ony. The Celt was cautioned, 
to be joined later, in foe 
referee's book, by Butcher and 

Rangers had the better of a 
scrappy first half. Woods 
treading a lonely path on the 
edge of his penalty box as his 

colleagues kept Bonner busy 
at foe opposite end. But foe 
nearest the home side came to 
scoring was when McGugan 
appeared to handle a foot 
from the exciting McMinn in 
the penalty area. After foe 
eccentric McMinn had almost 
scored with an amazing run 
and shot which Bonner saved 
with nothing to spare,only a 
post spared Celtic's ill-at-ease 
defence when Ferguson’s foot 
bounced clear only for 
McMinn to hit the rebound 
into Bonner's body. Having 
made changes by taking off 
Bums, who had struggled 
sadly, bringing on W McStay 
and pushing Grant into mid- 
field. Celtic started foe second 
half with more spirit and 
McLeod had a shot blocked. 

Although Bonner was called 
on to make a fine save from a 
Fraser free kick, it was a more 
equal contest after foe interval 
with MclnaUy. who had come 
on for Archdeacon - who wa§ 
out of his depth - enjoying a 
fan- share of foe attack. 
R4WQEB& C Woods; J NJchoB. S 
MwifO. □ Ferguson, D McPherson, 
TBuWWlCWmr. T McMinn. A 

S^ , R DU FS- BCe0PerSubS; 

ttL7)C: P Bonner. P Grant D 
Wute. R Aitken, p McGugan, M 
B McClar P MStey. M 
jS&Jffiv 7 P Archdeacon. 
SutaW McStay. A MclnaUy. 
Bntaee: X Hope (Ctartaton) 


K ? ? r