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No 62,552 ff/nsft [_ 



strike ballots 

By Nicholas Wood and Tun Jones 

TtSdLs ^ ri *? g S* 1 * 3 ** 00 of younger 

Congress gen- trade union leaders who 
era secretary, presented Mr increasingly recognize that the 

Neil Kinnock, the Labour 
wader, with a big pre-election 
bonus when he swung the 
movement behind strike baj- 
tojs on the opening day erf the 
TUC conference in Brighton 

Significantly, however, in a 
move that is bound to give 
fresh ammunition to Govern- 
ment critics, the conference 
did not specifically .give its 
assent to “pre-strike” ballots. 

In a manoeuvre that looked 
suspiciously like a fudge to 
placate left-wing leaders, 
particularly Mr Ron Todd, 
general secretary of the Trans- 
port and General Workers’ 
Union, Mr Willis referred to 
strikes “relating” to a ballot 

Mr Willis, whose leadership 
of the congress was as. much 
on trial as Mr Kinnodfs new- 
look Labour Party, spear- 
headed the leadership’s 
onslaught on a move by the 
while collar engineering 
union, TASS, to outlaw any 
state interference in the in- 
ternal procedures of unions. 

He described the joint 
TUC-Labour Party document 
pledging a new order to re- 
place the Government's 
employment legislation as 
“historic”, ushering in a 
framework of rights and 
responsibilities fundamental 
to the labour movement’s 
standing in the eyes of the 
British public.' 

Mr Willis (fid not mince his 
words and was folio wed by the 

TUC has to come to terms 
with the upheaval in the jobs 
market, swinging employment 
away from traditional heavy 
industry to part-time work, 
often m the service sector, 
done mainly by-women. 

To applause from the dele- 
gates, he said: “This is no* 
cynical pre-election deal. 
Balloting is here to stay. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, first 
Tory Cabinet minister to 
attend the TUC congress for 
seven years. 

because our members favour 

“We are committed to mak- 
ing the trade union movement 
ever more representative and 
more democratic because that 
way we will be stronger and 
more effective” 

Mr Willis, under the spot- 
light because of his fumbling 
past performances, warned the 

delegates that the public 
would not be fobbed off with 
ritual den on nations of 
interference in union affairs. 

Instead, the unions ^ to 
unite behind a policy agre ed 
with the Labour Party, laying 
a solid foundation for Mr 
Kinn ock’s entry to Downing 

He said: “We want ballots - 
with proper facilities, polling 
stations at the workplace, 
meetings in working ti»w 
genuine democracy.” 

He added: “The new statu- 
tory framework will also entail 
general principles for inclu- 
sion in onion rule books. 

“These will be based on a 
right for union members to 
have a secret ballot on on 
derisions relating to strikes, 
and for the method of election 
of union executives to be 
based on a system of s e cret 
ballots. But there will be no 
imposition of rigid 

The movement’s willing- 
ness to face up to the 
in working practices and 
growing eclipse of mass manu- 
facturing was underlined by 
Mr John Edmnwtf general 
secretary of the General, 
Municipal, Boilermakers and 
Allied Trades Union, the 
country's third biggest 

In an impassioned address, 
he said that the reality for 
many people lay not in well- 
organized factories or Iarae 
comfortable offices but in the 
menial, low-paid occupations 

Mr Norinan WIDis at the start of a rough ride yesterday when the TUC opened in Brighton. 


Who cares 
who wins? 



The much-discussed 
Times study of 
young people 
concludes with 
an examination 
of the reasons 
for their apathy 
towards politics 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £12,000- 
treble the usual amount 
because there were 

no winners on two 
previous days - was 
shared yesterday by 
two readers. 

• They were Mrs 
ICRichards of 
Balcombe, West 
Sussex, and Mr A.Cole 
of Bournemouth. 

Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
21; rules and howto 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

Anderton case 

The £250,000 inquiry info the 
Stalker affair was justified, 
necessary and properly con- 
ducted,” Mr James Anderton, 
chief constable of Greater 
Manchester, said. He sug- 
gested that critics of bis rote 
should go to the police com- 
plaints authority Page * 

Micro snip 

Can Amsuad bring to* the 
computer boom? Today *t 
launches a business micro for 
under £500 - half the pnee of 
an IBM while the rest of the 
industry' holds its breath 
Computer Horizons, 22-24 

Hone News 1-5 
Overseas 7-9 
Appis 14.18 
Arts l5 

WSIT M flCS _ 14 

Business 17-21 
Court 14 

Crosswords 10,16 
Nary 12 

1 Events 

Farm W-IZ 








TV & Radio 



16 i 


Continued on page 5, col 1 

NGAwins Hammond 



i Jones. ... 

.. The -print unions dealt a 
heavy How 'yesterday to the 
authority of Mt Norman Wil- 
lis when they won a stormy 
and acrimonious debate at the 
conference, censuring the 
leadership's handling of the 
News International dispute at 
Wapping. east London. 

By almost two to one, 
delegates voted to order the 
General Council to reopen 
disciplinary action against die 
electricians - union, whose 
members are working at the 
new high technology news- 
paper plant, if present talks 
fail to resolve the. bitter seven- 
month confrontation. 

Mr Tony Dubbins, general 
secretary of the National 
Graphical Association, fed the 
attack on the council's failure 
by a narrow majority last 
February not to tell leaders of 
the Electrical, Electronic, 
Telecommunica tions and 
Plumbing Union (EETPU) to 
instruct their members to stop 
working for the company. 

He brushed aside foe charge 
foal he was jeopardizing foe 
movement's unity as he deliv- 
ered a scathing assault o n the 
role played by the electricians 

Conthaned on page's, col 1 

print fury 

Hundreds 6? printers and 
their ^Supporters descended on 
Brighton yesterday to lobby 
delegates at foe Trades Union 
Congress before'- a debate on 
the Wapping dispute! . 

Police held bade more than 
a thousand demonstrators hs 
they hurled abuse at repre- 
sentatives of foe electricians' 

Last night police were 
qaesthmim; four raen after 85 
newsagents’ door locks were 
jammed with gtae. A pefice 
spokesman said posters and 
stickers urgi n g people not to 
buy News International news- 
papers were food at the 

union, the EEPTU, but re- 
served their full fury for its 
leader, Mr Eric Hammond. 

Mr Hammond ran a gaunt- 
let of demo n strato r s as he 
entered the conference centre. 

Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of foe biggest print 
union, Sogat ’82, was booed 
over her stand in foe Wapping 
dispute which is seen -as too 
conciliatory. But Mr Tony 
Dubbins, general secretary of 
the National Graphical 
Association, * received 
tumultuous applause. 

Fresh volcano menace 

From Gavin BeH, Bamenda, Cameroon 

European and Israeli sci- 
entists are investigating signs 
of another potential disaster in 

Preliminary surveys in- 
dicate increasing volcanic 
activity in foe vicinity of 
Wum, 25 miles from foe seme 
of the gas explosion that killed 
1,500 people on August 21. 

The missions are reported 
to have discovered a 50 per 
cent rise in foe emission of 
gases into a lake filling the 
crater of the volcano at Wum. 

General -James Tataw, of 
Cameroon Infantry Forces, 
told The Times yesterday that 
be had left a Swiss team to 
corrobate the findings. 

“There are no immediate 
plans to evacuate foe area. I 
am awaiting foe Swiss report 
before taking any action.” 

Wum is already the scene of 
bustling activity. It is one of 
two distribution centres for 
relief aid to 3,000 survivors of 
the disaster at Lake Nyos. 
Letter from Bamenda, page 16 

Visa requirement 
to be introduced 

By George Hill 

. Visitors to Britain from five 
Asian and African c oun tries 
historically linked with the 
Commonwealth will in future 
have to obtain visas in ad- 
vance, the Government an- 
nounced yesterday. 

- The Home Office carried 
die day against Foreign Office 
misgivings as ministers de- 
cided to introduce new rules 
within the next few weeks re- 
quiring visitors from India,' 

Pakistan, Bangladesh^ Ghana 
and Nigeria to obtain visas in 
their onpra d oo n tr igg foefere- 
tra veiling to Britamj^ • - . 

■ The'' Home Secrgary; Mr 
Dongas Hurd, saMl if. tire 
announcement caused a surge 
m-foe number of passengers 
from the countries involved, 
foe visa requirement would be 
imposed immediately. 

He stressed foar there was to 
be no change in the criteria for 
admission and that the rides 
were being altered to reduce 
delays to passengers. 

Visitors queuing at im- 
migration desks frequently 
have to wait an hour and a 
half and up to two and a half 
hours at peak periods. Delays 
have been increasizigin recent 
months, putting a rising strain 
on staff and on accommoda- 
tion for applicants waiting for 
further questioning. ' 

Official sources emphasized 
that all the countries con- 
cerned except Pakistan al- 

ready require visitors from 
Britain to have visas, and that 
fewer than one per cent of 
visitors from the five coun- 
tries concerned had applica- 
tions refused. 

To set at rest Foreign Office 
concern about the cost of the 
change, the Home Office will 
be bearing foe main expense, 
which is expected to be about 
£14 million'a year. Between 40 
and SO Home Office staff will 
be sent to -British missions in 
the five countries, and about 
Ihe spnre“ i«imber ^fogal 
workers vwff be recruited. 

- Mr Wjhfld Katfiffiaa, foe 
shadow Home Secretary, said 
foe introduction of visas was 
“an act of outright racialism” 

'“ft" has- nothing at all td do 
with immigration control and 
wifi have no effect whatever 
on foe number of immigrants 
from these countries settling 
in Britain.” 

Mr Alan Berth, Liberal 
spokesman on foreign affairs, 
pointed out that no visa 
requirement was imposed on 
visitors to Britain from Sooth 
Africa. He said the Govern- 
ment should deal with delays 
az British airports by provid- 
ing adequate facilities there, 
not by imposing a rule which 
cannot be interpreted as “any- 
thing other than racial preju- 

Service swamped, page 2 
leading article, page 13 

Youth vote 
hostile to 

By Michael McCarthy 

Nearly two-thirds of young 
people who have got the vote 
since Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
came to power fed that foe is 
out of touch with them, 
according to a poll conducted 
exclusively for The Times on 
“Thatcher’s children”. 

The poll by MORI (Market 
& Opinion Research Inter- 
national) shows widespread 
hostility to Mrs Thatcher 
among yoimg voters. Besides 
the 61 percent who think: her 
oft offoii&Jtifo foe young.' 
ftTper copi think she is opt of 
touch wifo ordinary people, 
and‘60 percent think she 
tends to talk down to people. 

Mr Neil Kinnock. Labour 
leader, is seen as down-to- 
earth, honest, and as under- 
standing Britain’s problems. 
Bui judged mi leadership 
capability, the Prime Minister 
is . one point ah e a d of him, 
with 29 per cent fowifctn^ her 
a capable leader. 

Among those e xp re ssi ng 
voting intentions, support for 
Labour is running at 49 per- 
cent, compared to 25 per- 
cent for the Conservatives 
and 22 per cent for the Alli- 

“Thatcher's children” are 
the 62 million people who 
have come of voting age since 
June 1979.. 

Spectrum, page 10 

Heavy loss of 
life as Soviet 
liner sinks 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
The Soviet Union launched Mr Averin, foe first Mos- 

a massive rescue operation 
yesterday to try to cope with 
one of foe worst maritime 
disasters in its recent history 
after foe overnight sinking in 
the Black Sea of a passenger 
liner with 870 berths and foe 
capacity to carry up to 1,000 

The disaster occurred at 
around midnight on Sunday 
when the 17,053-ton Admiral 
Nhkhimov — a 50-year-old 
German-built boat refur- 
bished after being sunk in foe 
Second World War — was in 
violent collision with a large 
Soviet cargo vessel, the Pyotr 
Vasev, soon after leaving foe 
port of Novorossiysk. 

The seriousness of the 
disaster was indicated by foe 
Kremlin's immediate decision 
to establish a full government 
inquiry under foe chairman- 
ship of a leading Politburo 
.member, Mr Geidar Aliyev. 

Western diplomats were 
surprised at the speed with 
which news of the accident — 
albeit sketchy — was released 
by Tass, the official news 
agency. They said this was in 
keeping with the new policy of 
Mr Gorbachov to be more 
open about domestic dis- 

By last night the final 
casualty toll was still un- 
known, but Western sources 
said the indications were that 
it could prove high. 

Mr Igor Avenn, chief ex- 
ternal affairs director of foe 
Navy Ministry, said passenger 
lists were being checked to 
establish how many had been 

It was not immediately dear 
if the liner's 340 crew and staff 
were included in the figure of 
1,000 supplied by Mr Averin. 

Because of the speed with 
which the elderly finer went 
down, both Western and So- 
viet naval experts were 
pessimistic about the chances 
of survival for the unknown 
number of passengers who 
had already retired to their 
cabins when the collision 

cow official to comment pub- 
licly on the disaster, said 
civilian and military rescue 
teams were still fighting to 
save lives and it was hoped 
many would have survived in 
foe warm waters of the Black 

He said foecaigo vessel had 
been less seriously damaged 
and it appeared there were no 
casualties among foe crew. 

According to the Navy Min- 
istry official, there were no 
foreign passengers on the 
liner, which was canying hun- 
dreds of Soviet holidaymakers 
on a summer cruise between 
the Black Sea pons of Odessa, 
and Batumi. 

The sinking was foe second 
of a Soviet cruise liner this 
year and has already raised 
question marks over the effec- 
tiveness of the personnel man- 

ning the large Soviet merchant 

In February, the 22.000-ton 
Soviet passenger liner foe 
Mikhail Lermantov sank off 
New Zealand’s South Island. 
All 737 passengers were res- 
cued and only one crewman 
died in the accident, which 
was officially blamed on the 
New Zealand pilot. 

The Government daily 
Izvestia reported last week 
that the Soviet chief navigator 
had been given a four-year 
suspended prison sentence for 
failing to contradict the pilot's 
“incomprehensible order” to 
take the ship through dan- 
gerous straits where it hit a 

In 1983 more than 100 
people were killed when the 
pasenger steamer Alexander 
Suvorov rammed a railway 
bridge on the Volga. 

The doomed Black Sea cruise liner Admiral Nakhimov. 

Science skills warning 

Science teaching in schools 
has reached such a low level 
that there will be no recovery 
of high standards for genera- 
tions unless there is urgent 
government action, the British 
Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science was told last 

The general level of scien- 
tific understanding in Britain 

was “lamentably low” Sir 
George Porter, retiring presi- 
dent of foe association, said at 
its annual meeting in BristoL 
The conference was also 
told that 45 Britons will die of 
cancer and another 45 will 
develop non-malignant tu- 
mours of foe thyroid because 
of the effects of the Chernobyl 
accident _ __ . 

Reports, page 4 

battle call 
by Mugabe 

By Our Foreign Staff ' . 

Mr Robert Mugabe, 
Zimbabwe’s Prime Minister, 

look over the chairmanship of 
foe Non-Aligned Movement 
yesterday and called on Third 
World countries to break the 
shackles of apartheid. 

Harare was chosen to host 
the summit to focus attention 
on South Africa. 

In his address, he de- 
nounced apartheid, said Pre- 
toria was a threat to peace and 
urged all members to enact 
selective sanctions. 

In London, Dr Chester 
Crocker, US Under-Secretary 
of State, yesterday spent 45 
minutes with Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
discussing South African 

Mugabe’s call, page 7 

-US airline buys £100m 
aircraft from B Ae 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Corespondent 

include the possibility 

of canying 
The aircraft 

British Aerospace yesterday 
announced a $100 million 
oitler from tbe United States 
for its 146 “Whispering Jet” 
airliner. Air Wisconsin, the 
first US earner to buy the 146, 
wiO add six more to its fleet 

Tbe order is likely to m- 
dnde the 146-300, a streamed 
version capable of 
100 passengers- 
costs between $17 million 
(£11.3m) and $18 milli on 

BAe said the 300 version 
would have similar low noise 
levels to the current 146. 
which has earned tbe aircraft 
the reputation of being tbe 
world's quietest jet airliner, 
allowing it to operate into 
some of the world's most 
noise-sensitive anports. - 

BAe also disclosed develop- 
ment plans for tbe 146, which 


equipping it with revolu- 
tionary new prop fan engines 
— which combine propellers 
with jet engines to give in- 
creased fuel efficiency — in the 
late 1990s. The 146 is. now 
powered by four American 
Avco Lycoming engines. 

It is built at Hatfield in 
Hertfordshire, with large as- 
semblies produced at BAe fac- 
tories at Ftllon. BristoL Chad- 
derton. Manchester, Brough, 
Humberside and Prestwick in 

Seventy eight 1 46s have 
now been sold, 59 to US 
airlines. .BAe recently deliv- 
ered two 146s to the RAFs 
Queen’s Flight, one of which 
has just completed a tour of 
China in advance of foe 
Queen's visit next month. 

Fanfoorough Show, page 2 

By John Goodbody 
Sports News Correspondent 

David Bishop, the Welsh 
international scrum half, was 
yesterday sent to prison for a 
month for knocking out an 
opponent with a punch during 
Pontypoors Rugby . Union 
ie against Newbndge last 

Bishop is the first inter- 
national from Britain in any 
sport to be jailed for violence 
on foe field and now fees a 

possible suspension for life 
hen foe Welsh Rugby Union 
leets in Cardiff on Thursday. 

Bishop, aged 25. described 





Wales", pleaded 
Newport Crown 


Mr Patrick Harrington, for 

the prosecution, told the court 
that Bishop had trapped 
Jarman on the ground in an 
o fifth e-ball modem and hit 
him with a single blow. It took 
Jarman three to four minutes 
to recover consciousness. 

The referee was unsighted, 
but Mr Harrington told foe 
court that spectators who saw 
foe incident said that if the 
referee had seen the Wow he 
would have had no option buz 
to send Bishop off 

Mr Peter Griffiths, for the 
defence, said that Bishop had 
delivered one punch in the 
heated atmosphere of a hard- 
fought local derby match. 

In 1979, Bishop received a 
Royal Humane Society award 
for rescuing a woman and her 
child from a river but, in 1980, 
served a year in prison for his 
part in a nightclub brawL He 
was once commended by the 

. David Bishop: He has 
fieenjaikd before, 
police for helping them tackle 
a man armed with a knife. 

‘ Judge Martin Stephens. QC, 
told Bishop that players must 
be aware that criminal assaults 
coy Id not be overlooked. The 
courts had duly to players, foe 

public and the game itself to 
make it known that violence 
on or off the .field would - be 
punished by imprisonment. 

Mr Ray Williams, secretary 
of the Welsh Rugby Union, 
said yesterday that several 
dub players had been banned 
for life from rugby fix 1 violence 
on foe field, but he could not 
say whether this would occur 
in the case of Bishop, who has 
had a previous suspension for 
stamping on an opposing 

Mr Tony Simons, the 
Pontypool team secretary.* 
said that Bishop had contin- 
ued to play for the club after 
foe inddent. 

But at the end of last season he 
was not picked. 

It is widely believed that 
Bishop was tokl by Pontypool 
that he would not be selected 
until he had mended his ways. 

67 confirmed 
killed in US 
planes crash 

Los Angeles (AP) — Emer- 
gency crews shifted through 
charred booses yesterday m 
the search for bodies of people 
killed when an Aero Mexico 
jetliner and a small plane 
collided and smashed into a 
suburban neighbourhood at 
Cerritos, 20 miles from Los 
Angeles airport: 

At lean 67 people were 

Sunday’s crash killed 58 
passengers and six crew mem- 

bers on foe Mexican DC 9 and 
three people in a Piper PA 28. 

Searchers expected to find 
more dead, a Los Angeles 
County sheriffs deputy said. 

A fire department spokes- 
man said at feast 10 residents 
were missing and may have 
been killed. 

Search hindered, page 7 



quartz, water-resistant. 

The uJ rimate sports warch m /Set. gold. 


14 New Bond Street, London Wl. 01-409 3140 




By Peter Davenport 

4 . . Mr James Anderton, Chief 
.Constable of Greater Man- 
! Chester, last night made his 
1 'Grst public defence of his role 
* in the Stalker affair. 

He said tbe investigation 
' into his deputy was “justified, 
necessary, and properly 
. conducted”. 

I ! In response to members of 
v^his Labour-controlled police 
'‘authority who are considering 
questioning him about his 
."private life, friends, and use of 
£ police facilities. Mr Anderton 
said that he wished to refute 
.any such allegations 

^ The statement from the 
. .chief constable was his first 
w ^public comment on the 
..Stalker affair, apart from a 
' brief “welcome back” state- 
ment last week when his 
C.deputy went back to his desk. 
1 - Last night, he said: “I am 
being repeatedly requested 
through the media, and by 
other sources to make a 
comprehensive public state- 
ment about the recent inquiry 
concerning my deputy, and in 
particular I am asked to 
explain my personal role in 
tbe matter, and bow it all 

-* “Unfortunately, I am not 
ftee to do so. Any detailed 
public statement at this time, 
reven if it were thought proper 
"to make one, is certain to be 
completely inopportune as the 
origins of the affair are sur- 
rounded by other matters 
which are still under active 
police investigation.” 

, Detectives are still in- 
’• vestigaiing the affairs of Mr 
Kevin Taylor, the wealthy 
Manchester businessman 

whose friendship with Mr 
John Stalker, the Greater 
Manchester deputy chief con- 
stable, was the subject of the 
investigation by Mr Colin 
Sampson, Chief Constable of 
West Yorkshire. 

A report is with die fraud 
division of the Director of 
Public Prosecutions, but tbe 
director is awaiting further 
details from police in 

Mr Anderton added: “I 
wish to make it absolutely 
clear, however, that there were 
no conspiracies attached to 
the case. 

“As to current allegations 
against me. I refute all of them 

unequivocally. If any person 
possesses informal 

possesses information or ev- 
idence suggesting alleged mis- 
conduct on my part, they 
should pass it immediately to 
the chairman and clerk of tbe 
police authority for their 

It was Mr Anderton who 
took the allegations against his 
deputy to the police authority 
and the independent Police 
Complaints Authority. 

The subsequent inquiry ctat 
about £250,000, lasted three 
months, and culminated in a 
1,500-page report from Mr 
Sampson that recommended 
that Mr Stalker should face a 
disciplinary tribunal on 10 
counts, including alleged mis- 
use of police vehicles and 
unwise association with crim- 
inals through his friendship 
with Mr Taylor, a man who 
has no criminal record but 
who has admitted having 
friends who da 

The police authority is next 
due to meet on September 19. 

deal on 


fence Correspondent 

Production arrangements 
involving five nations for a 
rocket weapon system which 
can fire the eqmvment of about 
8,000 grenades a minu te to a 
distance of more than 30 km 
were announced yesterday. 

The Maltiple Launch 
Rocket System (MLRS) is in 
service with the United States 
Army, and tbe annottcement 
dealt mainly with production 
in Europe for Britain, West 
Germany, France and Italy. 
They have entered a collabo- 
rative arrangement with the 
United States, and for exports 
around tbe world. 

The MLRS carries 12 rock- 
ets, which can be fitted with 
different types of warhead, one 
of which has almost 650 
bomblets, each equivalent in 
destructive power to a hand 

The British Army is ex- 
pected to have MLRS in 
service in 1989. 

A new company, MLRS 
International Corporation, has 
been formed to have exclusive 
marketing and contracting 
rights. Itconsists of LTV 
Aerospace and Defence Sys- 
tems of the US, and the 
MLRS European Production 

LTV will have a 60 per cent 
stake in the corporation, while 
tiie European nations will have 
the balance. 

Of tbe total European 
involvement West Germany 
will have 60 per cent, Britain 
20 per cent, France 16 par 
cent and Italy 4 per cent 

The British company on the 
European Production Group is 
Hunting, and among British 
companies to be mvolved in 
manufacturing parts of tbe 
system are Royal Ordnance, 
the Vickers plant at Leeds, 
Marconi and GEC Avionics. 

Tbe present intention is for 
the US to spend $4 billion on 
MLRS and the _ European 
partici pants S3 bQlioo. 

Belfast jail 
is denied 

By Richard Ford 

The Government yesterday 
rejected allegations of brutal- 
ity in Northern Ireland’s re* 
mand; 'liiOirT 92-- inmates 
refuser food for the 
second day. 

Mr Nicholas Scott, Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary 
of State at the Northern 
Ireland Office, refuted claims 
made by a Roman Catholic 
priest that there had been ilL 
treatment of some remand 
prisoners at Crumlin Road jail 
in Belfast, and he urged tbe 
men to end their protesL 

Mr Scott said that anyone 
with any evidence should 
bring it to the authorities, who 
would investigate it through 
the proper channels.He bad 
seen no evidence of ill-treat- 
ment, but if Fr Denis Faul, the 
priest reporting the allega- 
tions. had information then he 
should produce it 

Ninety-two of the 156 pris- 
oners in B-wing of the jail 
began a protest six days ago 
when four inmates refused 
food. As remand prisoners, 
they are entitled to daily food 
parcels from relatives and are 
still taking liquids. The Ro- 
man Catholic and Protestant 
prisoners, who are not facing 
terrorist charges, claim that 
they have been beaten and 
that the wing is overcrowded. 

Fr Faul reported claims that 
between four and five officers 
had beaten prisoners on sev- 
eral occasions, and that one 
incident involved officers 
suggesting that young pris- 
oners should take their own 

He is to raise the issue with 
Amnesty International and 
with Mr Peter Bany, the Irish 
Republic's Minister for For- 
eign Affairs. 

Mr John Hall, assistant 
secretary of the Prison 
Officers' Association, yes- 
terday rejected any inference 
that prison officers used 
brutality against prisoners. 
“There is a recognized system 
whereby a prisoner can raise 
any grievance through the 
proper channels,” he said. 

Branson sale 

Virgin Atlantic Challenger 
II. the power boat used by Mr 
Richard Branson to break the 
transatlantic speed record ear- 
lier this summer, is for sale to 
anyone prepared to spend at 
least £1 million. 

School’s new start 
after racial rows 

By a Staff Reporter 

Pupils at the Drummond 
Middle School in Bradford, 
the focus of heated debate 
over the alleged racist policies 
of its former headmaster, 
started a new term yesterday 
amid hopes of a more settled 

Mr Ray Honeyford left last 
December, and yesterday the 
520 pupils began life under a 
new, permanent headmaster. 

Mr Leslie Hall, aged 52. and 
a teacher for 29 years, feces the 
task of rebuilding confidence 
and working relationships at 
the school which suffered 
badly during the three years of 
dispute surrounding Mr 
Honeyford’s views on multi- 
racial education. 

In a statement issued 
through the Bradford Educa- 
tion Department, Mr Hall 
said: “I am aware that certain 
characteristics will need to be 
addressed and I therefore wish 
to put due regard to the high 
ethnic minority composition 
at the school in establishing 
working relationships between 
the school and the com- 

“During the coming weeks I 
anticipate working with a 
committed teaching staff in 
formulating curriculum poli- 
cies which are compatible 
with the current middle school 

Mr HalL who has held two 

-Mr Leslie Hall: rebuilding 

other middle school headships 
in the city, said his most 
important task was getting to 
know pupils and staff. 

Children from ethnic 
minorities comprise 95 per 
cent of the pupils at Drum- 
mond Middle SchooL 

Mr Honeyford, aged 51, 
accepted early retirement and 
a financial settlement of 
around £ 1 60,000 in December 
last year. 

A temporary headmaster 
ran the school before the 
appointment of Mr Hall so 
that, in the words of education 
officials, it could benefit from 
a cooling off period. 

Headmistress vows to 

fight dismissal 

By David Cross 

Mrs Barbara May. who was 
suspended from duty as head- 
mistress of a school in 
Ban stead. Surrey. Iasi week, 
has vowed that she will fight 
to keep her job. 

The 290 primary school 
children from 

Woodman st erne County First 
and Middle School wiQ return 
from their holidays today 
without a headmistress be- 
cause of the teaching dispute 
over the “three Rs".. 

“Under no circumstances 
whatsoever will 1 resign.” Mrs 
May has said. “I'll see them in 
Strasbourg first. I’ll be the Ray 
Honeyford of the South." 

“We liked tbe school as it 
was,” Mrs Jackie Potter, a 
parent governor with a daugh- 
ter aged six and a son aged 
nine at the school, said. “We 
knew when Mr May was 

appointed 18 months ago that 
changes were coming but we 
didn't expect them to happen 
so suddenly.” 

But not all parents share the 
critical view of Mrs May. 

Mr Mary Reddin. who has 
a daughter aged nine and a son 
aged six at the school has 
written to parents urging them 
to support “the majority of 
parents who wish io give her 
{Mr May) encoura^ment to 
continue in her present post ” 

Nearly 20 parents have 
responded positively to her 
appeal and she expects more 
replies when children return 
to school today. 

“A lot of us didn't like the 
old regime. The school was 
run on strict disciplinary lines, 
there was never any display of 
children’s work and it was 
strictly tiie Three Rs’.” 

The Duke of Edinburgh sitting in tbe cockpit of the Optica observation aircraft at 
Farnboroogh yesterday (Photograph: Peter Trievnor) 

Farnborough Air Show 

US stake in Airbus unlikely 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

Collaboration between the 
Airbus Industrie consortium 
and McDonnell Douglas of 
the United States to produce 
tbe next Airbus airliner, a 
move favoured by the British 
Government in the hope of 
cutting investment costs, 
looked increasingly unlikely 

Although talks are continu- 
ing. it was dear that Me- 
Donneff Douglas has made a 
big commitment to its own 
new long-range aircraft, the 
MD-1 1, which will be a direct 
competitor to the proposed 
airbus A-330 and A-340 air- 

McDonnell Douglas exec- 
utives announced plans for a 
family of MD-1 1 tri-jets 
including an advanced ver- 
sion. 40 feet longer titan the 
existing DC10, which will fly 
380 people up to 8,500 miles 
non-stop and be a major 
competitor to Boeing's 747 
Jumbo jet. - 

Mr Louis Harrington, Mc- 
Donnell Douglas vice-presi- 
dent and general manager for 
advanced products, said the 
company had received 
commitments from three cus- 
tomers for the MD-1 1 and it 
planned to launch the pro- 
gramme by the end of 1986. 
Deliveries would begin in 
early 1990. 

Airbus and McDonnell 
Douglas have been discussing 

Aer Lingus 
jobs at risk 

The Irish Republic's state- 
ownedaMme is planning big 
cats in its workforce in the face 
of low-cost competition and 
the need to replace its Beet 
(Richard Font writes). 

Act Lingas has shed 1,000 
jobs in the past five years hot 
company sources indicate a 
further 500 from the present 
5,000 employees will leave the 
airline. It is freed with serious 
fimiwrMi problems as it must 
find Ir£l ,000 million to buy 
new aircraft for its American 
and European operation. 

A group of aril servants and 
senior airline executives are 
studying the strategy needed 
to finance a new fleet but the 
airline has been warned by Ik 
Garret FitzGerald'S admin- 
istration that it cannot rely on 
the State for substantial funds 
because of the economic prob- 
lems faring tbe nation. 

The wrlioe is also faring 
growing {competition from pri- 
vate operators and has had to 
maintain Joss-rontes to New 
York and Boston u the na- 
tional interest. 

the prospect of some form of 
co-operation in an attempt to 
compete more efficiently with 

The British Government 
will be asked by British Aero- 
space later this year to provide 

launch aid to cover a substan- 
tial proportion of the £500 
million it needs to develop 
wings for the A-330 and A- 
340. But ministers have so fer 
indicated an unwillingness to 
agree to covering tbe entire 

Mr Harrington said collab- 
oration with Airbus could 
make sense. However, the 
talks were “conceptual” and 
any deal had to make eco- 
nomic sense. 

There appeared to be some 
possibility of the two com- 
panies working together on 
the A-330, which has a shorter 
range than the A-340, because 
it did not clash with existing 
McDonnell Douglas plans. 

‘Mini Concorde’ 
for businessmen 

A 12-scat supersonic exec- 
utive jet capable of frying from 
London to New York in 3ft 
hours was unveiled yesterday 
by British Aerospace. 

The- new jet, still at the 
concept stage, was described 
by BAe executives as the com- 
pany’s answer to filling top 
class business travel demand 
in the post-Concorde era. 

The new jet powered by 
three engines, is envisaged as a 
mini Concorde, a delta wing 
aircraft capable of flying at 
about I,20Gmph, slightly 
slower than Concorde, ft 
would carry 12 passengers as 
fer as 3,800 miles, easily 
covering transatlantic routes. 

for ITV 
firms to be 

The Government is expect- 
ed to introduce legislation to 
extend the franchises of the 
ITV companies for two or 

three years while it considers a 

new policy for awarding con- 
tracts. The franchising review 
was provoked by the July re- 
port of the Peacock commit- 
tee, some of whose members 
suggested that the right to 
operate television stations be 
put up for auction. 

But the independent tele* 
virion broadcasters yesterday 
expressed alarm at the pros- 
pect that their franchises will 
be extended for only three 
years while the Home Office 
conducts a broad-ranging pol- 
icy review looking into the 
Peacock proposals. 

“Extending the contracts 
would just extend the uncer- 
tainty,” a Thames Television 
spokesman said. The current 
eight-year franchise system 
makes “everybody neurotic 
and frantic” and should be 
replaced by a system of “roll- 
ing” franchises in which cont- 
racts are indefinite, subject to 
being revoked only for good 
cause, be said. 

Some ITV companies are 
lobbying against the short- 
term renewal plan in spite of a 
directive from the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority 
to leave the negotiating to the 
IBA. The Independent Tele- 
vision Companies Associa- 
tion, which represents all ITV 
companies, will meet next 
week to discuss its strategy 
and the content of a sub- 
mission to the Home Secret- 

Mr David Shaw, secretary 
general of the association, said 
his members want the Gov- 
ernment to renounce the 
suggestion that franchises be 
put out to tender. 

Talks between IBA and 
Home Office officials have 
been going on for some weeks 
and do not appear to offer 
much hope to the ITV com- 
panies that the short-term 
extension can be avoided. An 
IBA spokesman said foe Gov- 
ernment needed foe extra time 
to decide wfaat to do about foe 
future of broadcasting. 

Under normal circum- 
stances the IBA would ad- 
vertise new franchises next 
year and award them in 1988 
to take effect in 1989. 

• A star-studded cast for 
ITV’s £2.5 minion production 
of Evelyn ^ Waugh's classic 
novel. Scoop, was unveiled 

The two-hour drama com- 
edy will be screened next 
spring, with Michael Moloney 
playing foe book's hero. Boot, 
the newspaper columnist mis* 
takenly sent to Africa to cover 
a possible civil war. 

Others in foe cast include 
Denholm Elliott, Sir Michael 
Hordern, Donald Pleasence, 
Herbert Lorn, Jack Shepherd, 
Nicola Pageu and the Euro- 
pean film star, Renee 

Immigration Service swamped 

250 detainees are put up in hotels 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Two hundred and fifty air 
passengers Caring immigr ation 
questioning have been given 
hotel accommodation near 
Heathrow during foe seren^ 
week period which ended last 
weekend because there was 
nowhere else to detain them, 
or they had nowhere to stay if 
temporarily admitted to Bri- 

Although they were in the 
care of Seonicor staff; about 
20 had “removed themselves,” 
a Home Office spokesman 
said yesterday. 

“These were people who 
bad arrived at immigration 
from abroad and were the sub- 
ject of questioning which re- 
quired their remaining dose to 

The Immigration Service is 
in a state of siege, as its places 
of detention overflow. Yes- 
terday Harmondsworth was 
op to its capacity of 65 behind 
its locked front door, as de- 
tainees of nine different na- 
tionalities crowded the dining 
room, with a choice of 11 main 
aliline-style coerses, ranging 
from carry to cod. 

Two Turks have been there 
since July 9. Sometimes pas- 
sengers arriving ax Heathrow 
tear up passports to frustrate 
their removal, then it is diffi- 
cult to get foreign embassies to 
accept them for what they are. 
Nine have absconded from 
Har mo ndsworth this year. 

Only one room has bars on 
the window. An official said: 
“There can be occasions, for* 

v . '■> 

Three detainees at Harmondsworth Detention Centre (Photographs BiH Warberst). 

tunately rare, when people 
lose control and start smash- 
ing and crashing round with a 
real risk of danger to detainees 
and staff,” 

Talking to detainees shows 
that the requirement for visas 

reduce pressure on tbe Immig- 
ration Service. 

Mr John Bosco Nyunnribe, 
who said he was a political 
detainee for almost two 
months in Ghana, managed to 
get to Sudan where he was de- 
tained again for two or three 
weeks and then pot on an 
jalcraft without a passport 

“You had to hoy food in 
detention in Sudan or yon 
starved,” he said. He said 
relations between staff and 
detainees in Harmondsworth 
is “cordial”. 

Bat the detainees look apa- 
thetic and bored. Miss Maty 
SashOcala, a Tamil, aged 23, 
has been at Harmondsworth 
for nearly four weeks. She was 
mi her way to Canada with a 
visa from its embassy in Delhi, 
bet after arriving by Air frutia, 
Air Canada would not take her 
on, she said. Her brother is 
also detained!. 

She is well but said: “It is 

absolutely terrible. You just 
get depressed. Yon can't watch 
television for 12 hours a day. 
Tamils in this c o untry b rin g 

AUCTION - "All No Reserve' 


Glider Held, Bohe, Idaho 
SOL, Sept 20, 1986 - 10:00 AM 

nra xmo saw* iMmaz 

WWlllad** Ooo I BMW 

<0 Ama® s GMm • Rodim & UMadmd 
ISO Props* UOraiY* 1 JWi ot Pwa • Entfrtw 
ftteCglprSwcfturt— » 4COa »CT O 

irr hiuk nnmmnotui 

Bail V. Km, Awdonur 

going to happen to me.” 

Mr Abdul Haqne, aged 28, 
has been at Hannonsworfh for 
a nwHilli. A Pakistani, he came 
to Heathrow from Germany 
and says the immigration offi- 
cer was not satisfied he would 
stay for only two or three 
weeks. Mr Haqne says he has 
lost his ticket to Stuttgart and 
on to Pakistan. There was not 

much space, he grumbled. 

Leading article, page 13 

Maxwell launches European edition of China Daily 

By Robin Young 

Yesterday’s issue of China 
Daily, the first to be published 
in western Europe by Mr 
Robert Maxwell's Minor 
Group Newspapers, brought 
readers a front-page picture of 
China’s first all-women brass 
band, news foal a bankrupt 
factory «s to be sold in what is 
probably China’s first prop- 
erty auction since foe com- 
munists came to power in 
1949. and a report that foe 
English model, Helen 
Fa irb rather, has triumphed 
over 45 rivals in Nagasaki to 
bfrome Miss International. 

Mr Maxweirs . 
statement with which be 
planned to swap congratula- 
tions with foe Chinese ambas- 
sador in London, Mr Hu 
Dingy i. included foe remark 
that Ckina Daily “tells us not 
only about China but also 
about how China sees us - it 
might be said to hold a Mirror 
up to us.“ In foe event though, 
the Mirror Group chairman 
surprisingly lacked foe audac- 
ity to deliver this self-serving 

He did. though, teh foe 
paper's editor, Mr Feng 
Xiliang; “We are not doing 
this for love *qf your brown 

eyes, but in foe hope of further 
improving business between 
our two countries." Mr Feng 
did not seem to mind. 

Mr Maxwell has been doing 
business with China since 
1949. publishing books and 
technical journals. A joint 
enterprise of his recently be- 
gan producing China's first 
pocket paperback books. 

China Daily's lead story 
yesterday, appropriately, re- 
ported vice-premier Li Peng, 
forecasting “bright prospects” 
for China's business links with 
western Europe. The front 
page also earned congratula- 
tory messages from foe Chi- 

nese prime minister, Zhao 
Ziyang, and Mr Thatcher, 
both welcoming foe contribu- 
tion the European edition 
would make to international 

The eight-page papa: costs 
80p per issue in Britain, and 
yesterday the money would 
have purchased foe intelli- 
gence that a production line in 
Shanghai is to export nearly 10 
million floppy discs to Eu- 
rope. foe United States and 
Hong Kong: that foe ancient 
Baohua magnolia species has 
been saved from extinction. 

Readers also learnt that 
Shanghai readers ru^ed a 

bookshop selling a 359,000- 
word tome. Such was tbe 
enthusiasm that nearly 500 
copies of foe book were sold 
within art hour. 

For the first time, a report 
on page three said, Peking 
authorities are inviting foreign 
visitors to send them com- 
plaints about tourist facilities. 
A British woman living in the 
Chinese capital who contrib- 
uted a feature on page six. 
appeared to have no com- 
plaints (“foe shops are full to 
overflowing with goods”}, al- 
though she admitted she finds 
cycling across main traffic 
junctions "puzzling” o 

A cartoon showed “Losing 
Enterprise” looking into an 
empty bowl marked “State 
Subsidy” which would go 
down well with Thatchente 
readers and a leader re- 
produced from Workers’ 
Daily recommended that 
small eating houses should 
have the right to set their own 
prices for snacks. 

China Daily also found 
room for statistics of French 
champagne sales, a London 
slock market report, sports 
coverage of English cricket 
and football and had just a 
couple of unimportant 




by Labour 

The Labour Party executive 
has thwarted plans by the 
constituency of Mr Derek 
Hatton, foe Militant, to cam- 
paign against party 

The executive has sus- 
pended the ■ Broadgreen 
constituency in Liverpool for 
allowing foe City Council’s 
deputy leader into last 
month's annual meeting. 

Local Labour members are. 
denying the allegations, and 
say that both Mr Hatton and 
Mr Roger Bannister, foe left 
winger who was also expelled, 
both deliberately stayed away 
from the meeting. 

Tbe ruling, announced in a 
letter from Miss Joyce Gould, 
national organizer, means that 
foe constituency will not be 
able to serai a delegate to foe 
party conference in Blackpool 

But the constituency is 
refusing to be silenced and 
campaigning for the suspen- 
sion lobe lifted. 

Approval for 
nuclear haven 

The Government yesterday 
approved plans for Britain's 
biggest private nuclear shelter. 
Work on foe 1, 000-place shel- 
ter. which will have its own 
chapel, cinema, gymnasium 
and library, is expected to 
begin early next year. 

The developers say a lot of 
interest has been shown in foe 
£3,000-a-place bunker being 
built on a 1.3 acre site on foe 
outskirts of Peterborough, 
Cambridgeshire, which .will 
have enough provisions to 
keep foe occupants alive for 
six months. 

Concern over 

One in four women is con- 
cerned about foe potential 
health hazards of preserving 
food by irradiation, according 
to a survey by the Association 
of Market Survey 

The survey, conducted on a 
sample of 932 housewives all 
over Britain, showed that 
nearly half those questioned, 
who knew what irradiation 
meant, strongly disagreed with 
the irradiation process' and 
nine out of ten said any food 
subjected to this process 
should be dearly labelled. 

Road deaths 

Police yesterday described 
as “shameful” foe death and 
accident toll on Nottingham- 
shire roads last month when 
their anti-drink drive cam- 
paign was in operation. 

Thirteen people were killed, 
79 were seriously hurt and 3 36 
suffered lesser injuries. During 
foe offensive against drink 
and driving, which ended 
yesterday, 5,619 people were 
breath tested and 336 were 

Inquiry over 
injection error 

An inquiry has been 
launched at Solihull hospital 
in foe West Midlands to 
discover why a new-born boy 
was injected with a drug 
intended for his mother. 

Mr Khalid Parvez, of 
Yardtey, Birmingham, the 
boy's rather, said he had been 
told that foe injection should 
have been given to his wife to 
stop bleeding after a difficult 
birih. The child is now 

£ 80 m plan for 

science park 

Caledonian and Oxford 
Securities, a specially - formed 
subsidiary of London and 
Overseas Land Developers, 
yesterday unveiled an £80 
million plan for a science park 
on a green belt site near 

The company is asking for 
permission to develop a 75 - 
acre site, owned by Exeter 
College, Oxford, to the north 
of the city. 

Trawler held 
by the Navy 

The Royal Navy 
minehunter. HMS Sheraton, 
arrested a French trawler yes- 
today for alleged breaches of 
the fishing quota regulations. 

Sailors boarded foe Chris- 
tine Marie south of Portland 
Bill. Dorset, and ordered her 
to go to Poole where the 
skipper faced questioning. 

Boy strangled 
in pushchair 

A baby has died after appar- 
ently strangling himself on the 
safety straps of his pushchair. 

Benjamin Stubbs, of 
Gregson Road, Prescot. 
Merseyside, who had his first 
birthday two weeks ago. is 
believed to have become en- 
twined in the straps while 
trying to dimb oul 

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i:u! deaths 

nurses _ 
case for £300m a year 
extra to halt NHS cuts 

nurses and Na- 
Heahh Service man- 
***5, joined id a conceited 
JJ 184 * yesterday on die 
Government’s record of fond- 


. m 

.increase fo re- 
sources during the next three 
years. . 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation, the Royal College Q f 
u Ur £?V“ K ? Institute of 
Health Services Management 
ntguea that a minimum 
MCTease of 2 per cent, or £300 

million, was needed each year. 

over and above NHS pay and 
prices and capital expen- 
diture, to prevent cuts in 

. “If the funding of the NHS 
is not augmented signifi- 
' candy, even with continued 
. efficiency savings, then ser- 
vice provision is likely to be 
endangered in some parts of 
the country," Mr Douglas 
Hague, the institute president, 

. The three organizations 
sent a memor andum to Nr 
Nigel Lawson, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, and Mr Nor- 
man Fowler, Secretary of State 
for Social Services, pointing 
out that spending in the past 
four years on hospital and. 
community health - services 
ba$l shown little increase, 
growing by only 0.8, 0.0, -0.1 

and 198^ 06111 betw2cn 

The memorandum, 
accompanied by & 60-page 
document, claimed that the 
growth had failed to cover 
resource pressures created by 
demographic and technologi- 
cal change which by the 


Governments own adrm«^nn 

now stood at LS per cent 
Additional press u res Jaemg 
..the health service included the 
cost of transferring 

community, tunes* preven- 
tion such as cervical and 
breast cancer- screening pro- 
grammes, and tire 
cost about £146 
198$, of 
people with 

The NHS faced time prbb- . _ 

lems, in funding, in policy - other sontc^costmiprov©- 
sot^m meeting m thefoturebut many of 

Thisyear the NHS is expect- 
ing to realize £155 milHnni 
from the combined effects oil 
competitive tendering the 
Rayner scrutiny prograi 


But the report's authors! 
issued a warning thatl 
“competitive tendering 
now reached the that! 
returns finm it are likely to bej 
dedming'*- "There may be 

public expectations for 
tional treatment, Mr Ha g n y 

”We are convinced that 
successive statements by min- 
isters on the adequacy ofNHS 
fan ding seriously underesti- 
mate these pnAdems. The 
public and the professions 
expect action in this autumn’s 
public expenditure plans.'' . 

The document,, commis- 
sioned from the Centre of 
Health Economics at York 
University, . reinforces find- 
ings in a similar study by the 
centre last year. 

After the study’s publica- 
tion last October, Mr Barney 
Hayhoe, 1 Minister for Health, 
conceded the need for a 2 per 
.cent growth in services. But he 
argued that money saved from 
health authorities’ own cost 
improvement programmes 
should be included fo that 

The three organizations 
chained yesterday that ef- 
ficiency savings have peaked 
and farther saving; were un- 
likely in the years to come. 

them bear directly on service 
-quality to patients on the 

Mr Trevor Clay, president 
of the Royal College of Nurs- 
ing, said this year's public 
expenditure round gave the 
Gover nm ent its hwww» 
before an election -to dem- 
onstrate that there was some 
substance behind its of! 
support to the NHS. 

“Ministers have been 
the NHS blind. When' we 
for assurance from the pilot 
we are told be is carrying more 
paffMiy K ' limn ever 
using the same amount of] 

; Mr Clay said* that health 
authorities all over the coun- 
try were haying to mate 
cutbacks to keep within their 

“It is not just the high 
technology end of the spec- 
trum. There are bask hospital 
and co mmunit y facilities ' that 
are being cut back in a goodly 
part of the land and that has 
been a matter of deep 

Breakfast in business style 

Committee urges 
law service reform 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Proposals for reforming the 
legal profession, to make it 
more responsive to the 
public’s needs and demands , 
were called for yesterday by 
the new. joint committee on 
the profession's future, which 
has been set up by the Bar and 
the Law Society. . 

The commimee 'was an- 
nounced in April this year in 
an attempt to improve rela- 
tions between the. two 
branches .of. the profession. 

These were becoming increas- 
ingly acrimonious as a result 
of n 

moves from the solicitors’ 
branch to seek increased rights 
of audience in the ' higher 

Under the chairmanship of 
Lady Mane, the new commit- 
tee is invitr 
the end of 
latest, on how the profession's 
services could be made more 
“readily available” to the 
public, and on any changes 
needed to education and train- 
ing and the profession’s 
structure. . 

It wQI concentrate its work 
Ul four main a reas- the ftfdv 
of the public and provision of] 
legal services; funding; educa- 
tion- and -training and . the 
structure and practices of the 

The group looking at . die 
needs of the pubhe^nd legal 
services is to be chaired by 
Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, a 
lay representative on the Bar’s 
. disciplinary committee and a 
member of its professional 
conduct committee. 

- Meanwhile, reactions from 
the . profession to the 
controversial Law , Society 
committee paper. Lawyers 
find the Courts, are. being 
collated and will go before the 
next meeting of the society's 
by - litigation committee. From 
ober at the there a submission will go 
either to die society's council 
or to the joint committee on 
the legal profession. 

That paper suggests a com- 
mon education and 
for all lawyers and a m 
smaller specialist Bar. 

and wine 
for Lemer 

Friends said a rousing fare- 
well yesterday to Alan Jay 
Lerner with songs, jokes and a 
champagne party. 

They tuned a memorial 
service into a musical, and a 
friend told his widow after- 
wards; *Tt was the best show in 

The congregation was in St 
Paul’s Church, Covent Gar- 
den, London, to pay tribute to 
Lamer, composer of musical 
hits sneb as My Far Lady and 

They sang some of the songs 
which made him rich and 
famous, fell about laughing as 
his friends told .Jo % and 

anecdotes and toasted him at a 

reception afterwards with the 
only drinks suitable for “the 
man who Invented 

There was thunderous ap- 
plause wnd shoots Of“fe*r*rt> 
at the church service, and 
smiles and laughter. Leraer 
died of cancer in June- He 
would have hew 68 yesterday. 

Outside the church. Miss 
Lfa Robertson, aged 32, 
Lerner’s eighth wife, toughed 
when the service was de- 
scribed as the West End’s best 
show. Guest list, page 14 

Sex abuse 
at borne 

By David Cross 

Scotland Yard is investigat- 
ing riaims of sexual abuse by 
staff cm mentally handicapped 
children at a nursing home in 
south London. 

The police said yesterday 
that an inquiry into the allega- 
tions had begun after a com- 
plaint by the mother of a boy 
aged 12 at the Monkton Street 
Nursing Home in 

Staff at the. borne, which is 
run by. Lambeth council, are 
being interviewed by detec- 

Lambeth council, which is 
also -carrying -out- its own 
investigations into the c la ims , 
said yesterday that the police 
were lallting about attacks on 
at least six young people. 

The boy at the centre of the 



. But, according to 
mother, he is able to . 
coherently and could tell her 
how- serious his injuries were 
and how they happened. 

Officials from Lambeth 
council hope to present a 
report shortly to Mis Phyllis 
Dunipace, head of Lambeth’s 
social service committee. ■ 

CIA men 

A ' confidence trickster 
fooled the CIA wife the story 
of a plot to assassinate an 
American diplomat’s son, 
coart heard yesterday. Adam 
Lnnardi told the US Embassy 
in London he conhl foil the 
alleged Libyan-backed attack. 
US agents were taken in and 
paid him£75to work for them. 

Mr Lnnardi, aged 23, 
Stunned a US investigator 
when he revealed the identity 
of his superior officer and the 
name of a dlptakafs son hi 
Brosadfe Ho also said he was 
a South African security agent 
who had fled foe country and^ 
that he was recruited by 
Libyan-backed Angolan death 
squad planning to assassinate 
an officer at the London 
embassy and the US 
tfodomafft soil b.Bdgjnm, 
Southwark Crown Court was 
told. - 

Mr LananH told the Amer- 
ican be decided to double 
cross .the execution squad 
because bedid not want to be 
implicated in a doable murder. 

Mr David Stanton, for the 
prosecution, said: “A number 
of names and facts he revealed 
were found to be. true a 
security staff at the embassy 
had to check them out He ms 
arrested a number of days 
latre when they became suspi- 

Lanardi admitted two 
charges of obtaining property 
by deception .totalling £75 
from US Embassy security 
agents in May this year. He 
was sentenced to 12 months 
imprisouaent on each charge, 
to run concurrently. Two sus- 
pended sentences totaUmg five 
months were also brought into 
force to ram consecativdy after 
Judge Kenneth Cooke said; 
“Yon are a very clever and 
particularly wicked man. 

Mr Wiliam EJBand, for foe 
defence, said: “My cheat is a 
man who lives in cloud cuckoo 
land and could seB the Tower 
Bridge fo an American tourist 
if he so wished. He is firing, in 
a fantasy world.” 

Lnnardi — who changed his 
name from Darien Hearson 
because he became too well 
known for his hoaxing; — had 
scut police ou an amazing wild 
goose chases. He had cl a ime d 
that an Assistant Chief Con- 
stable off Hampshire -was in- 
volved in running a dog 
fighting ring, that an Assistant 
Chief Commissioner of foe 
Metropolitan Police was re- 
ceiving payments from foe 
Mafia and that the IRA had a 
guns cache buried in a church 
hi Hampshire. 

Death van ‘mass of twisted metal’ 

A van packed with young 
peoplcon their way home 
from a pop festival swerved 
oat of control and crossed a 
central crash barrier of the M4 
near Maidenhead, Berkshire, 

aftenbe driver suddenly came 

upon a motorcyclist m the 
darkness, an inquest was toM 
yesterday. Two other vehicles 
ploughed into it, leaving. 13 

people dead in one of Britain s 

wont motorway crashes. 

Mr Kenneth Skeates, a 
businessmffl whose car glanc- 
ed off the wreckage of the van, 
said: “I didn't nscognire rt asa 
van. It was a mass of jagged 
metal There was also a car m 

which various persons seemed 

to be dead.” w 

. The inquest, at Maiden- 
head, Berkshire, was told nope 

of the drivers killed in foe 
-Tragedy te»d significant levels - 

of alcohol or drugs in their 
bodies. Nine occupants of the 
van returning from the pop 
festival at Glastonbury, Som- 
erset, and four members of a 
family in one of the cars died 
m the accident. 

Mr Besten Wing, from Saf- 
fron Walden, Essex, said be 
was driving his motorcycle In 
convoy with two others # at 
about 50mph when foe in- 
cident happened flt about 
lam. He said the van came up, 
behind one of the omcr 
motorcyclists and was forced 

to brake. , „ 

“h was doing about 70 or 
75mph. If he hadn’t seen him, 
it would have hit him,” Mr 
Wing sakL “I think as soon as 

the van started skidding it was 

out of coinroL It was a sharp, 
uncontrolled swerve towards 
the barrier. It ploughed across 

foe reservation — it sort of 
lifted across the barrier.” - 

. The van came to rest in, the 
westbound carriageway and 
within seconds was hit by the 
first car, .be said. 

The inquest was told, the 
van had been rented by one of 
the dead men, James Fitt, and 
was only fitted with three 
front seats. 

Thu CM- viettnw wcrq Mr Jam y on 
Katz* , am §?■ * **m & 

tBre curb) w fo Bta MT 
and tndr _two iMBW tw. 
lamdSaaha. wed i*. 

— HUiii HwwnwwtCWia* 

I Rtnnbto. am SB. and M»iy CuncX . 
■ aged 23. MUinmOoiiMm. 

l-ourt Avt nna. Soma Owlon. 
^namSye woad. CouSgra jSkrtg 

tarty 20*. 

The Institute of Directors 
yesterday bunched a humani- 
tarian rescue facility for busi- 
ness wives afflicted by foe 
early-morning conjugal dis- 
tress of gr ama ; from fefeM a 


The doors of its Pall Mall 
headquarters were opened at 
8am for foe service of bosiuess 
breakfasts, at which eu ptafaw 
of industry may spar over the 
kippers and Cumberland 

MBMp . 

It may have bees that the 
rattle of cutlery drowned out 
foe ring of foe striking of 
deals, ont little serious issi- 
ness appeared to be conducted 
on foe naipgml day. 

Indeed Most of foe 35 
customers, many of them 
women, at this latest attempt 

By Alan Hamilton 
to wake op British industry 
, were makeweights of institute 
staffl invited guests and 

Or it may have been the less 
than hrttanate atmosphere of 
the institute's dining room, 
faintly reminiscent of a su- 
perior provincial railway hotel 
except for foe stern portraits 
Of Lord Uaig miWI Captain 
Scott frowning from the walls. 

Business breakfasting is an 
American institution, bat over . 
there they tend to be wheeler- 
dealing over their waffles and 
grits by seven rather than 
eight. Clearly the British 
director needs a more gentle 
introduction to this inexorable 
extension to his working day. 

Mr John Nicholas, deputy 
director-general tit foe in- 

stitute and a simple toast-aad- 
coffee man on weekdays, mM 
however that the service was 
being offered in response to 
requests from many of his 
30,000 members. 

Working breakfasts, priced 
at £7.50, are expectei to be 
popular with directors who 
like to arrive in London before 
their competitors are fully 
awake and before all the 
puking places are takes. 

* But one of yesterday 
morning's breafcfasters, Mr 
tech Sframocki, who works for 
foe English arm of the Ameri- 
can Chase Manhattan Bank 
and is experienced in dawn 
dealing , advised caution. “It is 
a dangerous time, because the 
brain is not fully functioning.” 

! Headless 
body of 
woman is 

By Michael HorsneQ 

Detectives hunting for foe 
missing London estate agent 
Miss Susan Laznplugb were 
alerted yesterday alter foe 
dismembered remains of a 
woman were found in two 
shallow graves in Sussex. 

But police believe the head- 
less body, which has so far 
defied identification, is un- 
likely to be that of missing 
woman from the clothing 
found on it 

Miss Lamplugh vanished in 
July after meeting a client 
calung himself Mr Kipper at a 
house in Shorrolds Road, 

Scotland Yard was in- 
fanned of the find by Del 
Chief Supt John McConneD, 
head of Sussex CTD, who is 
leading the murder inquiry. 

The discovery was made by 
a motorist at a car park in 
Ashdown Forest between Nut- 
ley and Wych Cross. East 

Dr Michael Heath, forensic 
pathologist from the London 
Hospital, has examined the 
remains which are thought to 
be those of a white woman 
aged between 20 and 40 years. 
Miss Lamplugh is 25. 

The remains were found in 
two packages wrapped in cur- 
tain material in shallow graves 
about five feet apart and 
covered with a thin layer of 
earth and bracken. 

One contained the torso, 
minus the arms and head. The 
legs had been severed at foe 
knee. The other held farther 
remains and nightclothes. 

Mr McConnell, who has set 
up an incident room at East 
Grinstead police station said: 
“The person who committed 
this offence went to great 
lengths to cover up identifica- 
tion. We haven't ruled out 
that it is the body of Miss 
Lamplugh but the indications 
from clothing are that is not 
her. We have no clues about 
who it might be.” 

Prize for 
widow is 

Mrs Kathleen Richards, of 
Bakombe, near Haywards 
Heath, Sussex, and Mr An- 
drew Cote, of Soufobowu, 
Bournemouth, shared 
yesterday's £12JHK> Portfolio 
Gold competition prize. 

The wu was “an absolute 
Godsend” to Mrs Richards, 
aged 69, who returned to 
i Britain from Kenya fa 1981, 
after foe death of her husband, 
and works in Bakombe’s vB- 
fage stores. 

She said: “I shafl spend a 
little of the money on presenb 
Tor my family and fri en d s a nd I 
i wifl invest the rest to bring me 
in a small income.” 

The prize came at jast the 
right time fur Mr Cete, aged 
30, who is unemployed and 
moved, last Friday, into a new 
I bouse which seeds several 
[thousand pounds spent on it. 

The Portfolio prize wu 
worth £12,000 yesterday bo- 
cause there was no winner in 
the daily competition on either 
Friday or Saturday. 

, Readers who experience 
i difficulty in obtaining a gold 
card should send a stamped 
addressed envelope to: 
Portfolio Gold 
The Times 
PO Box 40, 


Mr Andrew €®is% money will 
help with new home. 


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British Association annual meeting 

Science teaching 
skills ‘lost 
for generations’ 


The leaching of science in 
schools has reached such a low 
level that there will be do 
recovery of high standards for 
generations, unless there is 
urgent government action. Sir 
George POiter, retiring presi- 
dent of the British Associatio n 
for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence. said last night. 

The general level of scien- 
tific understanding in Britain 
is “lamentably tow”, with 
many senior politicians, re- 
ligious leaders and controllers 
of the media scientifically 
uneducated, he said. 

“Good as our educational 
system is, it can be said in one 
way to be the worst in the 
world. Although it provides 
the finest education anywhere 
for the young man or woman 
who wants to be an academic 
scientist, it leaves the majority 
ignorant of the scientific world 
where they will five and 

Sir George, speaking on the 
opening day of the 
association's annual meeting 
in Bristol, said it was the duty 
of scientists to “drag kicking 
and screaming into the twenty 
first century" those who have 
no taste for the subject. 

Science today was all perva- 
sive, influencing jobs and 
attitudes in health, energy, 
defence, education and the 
environment. The Govern- 
ment was right to emphasize 

the need for science to contrib- 
ute to the national prosperity. 

“More applied research, 
more engineers, more scien- 
tific entrepreneurs are ur- 
gently needed to provide the 
new industrial revolution 
which will put our country 
back into the first league. 

“But where some of our 
political leaders must be chal- 
lenged is when they seem to 
imply there is an alternative to 
basic science rather than com- 

their ways and concentrate 
their minds on short-term 
applications which will help 
us to *get rich quick'." be said. 

To feed applied science by 
starving basic science was like 
economizing on die founda- 
tions of a building so that it 
could be built higher. “It is 
only a matter of tune before 
the whole edifice crumbles,” 
he said. 

Industry needed baric sci- 
ence but would not fund it 
unless it saw some rather 
short-term payoff to its own 
company. The painful but 
inescapable conclusion was 
that the Government must 
provide the funding for basic 
rese a rc h . Sir George said. 

“It is essential to the 
prospe ri ty of the country and 
must be supported mainly by 
government Applied science 

and development is the prov- 
ince of industry who know ; 
best what they want and 
should be funded by them to a 
greater extent than at 

Science education was in 
crisis. Sir George said. “We 
can change a government in a 
few years, but to change the 
teaching in schools is a process 
which takes decades. 

“Of aD the many crises in 
education and science, per- 
haps the most serious is the 
disappearing species of me 
good teacher of physics, 
mathematics and to a lesser 
extent the other sciences. 

“If it is allowed to go much 
further, there will be no 
recovery for generations. 

“The so-called cultural 
revolution in China produced 
a lost generation, for which 
education almost ceased. 
Fortunately when it was over 
there were still grandfathers 
around to teach the children of 
the generation of lost fathers, 
but China is still struggling to 
recover from the disaster. 

“We are already relying on 
the 'grandfathers to leach 
science in many schools, and 
they have few grandchildren." 

The problem must be tack- 
led where it started, in the 
yi nitifip education of chil- 
dren of primary school age, Sir 
George said. 

Chernobyl toll in Britain 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Forty-five Britons will die 
of cancer and another 45 will 
develop non-malignant tu- 
mours of the thyroid because 

rag-term i 

Chernobyl nuclear plant ac- 
cident in the Soviet Union, 
the National Radiological 
Protection Board estimated 

Its report was presented by 
Dr Michael O'Riordan to a 
meeting of the British Associ- 
ation meeting. 

In addition, British students 
have been advised not to 
return to their studies in Kiev 
and Minsk this autumn, and 
from which .they were evac- 
uated al the time of the 

The reasons were explained 
by Mr Norman Pearce, who 

said levels of radioactive 
contamination ita the environ- 
ment, and in foodstuffs in 
particular, had settled at about 
twice the international ac- 
cepted limit in areas near 
those towns. 

The advice was based on 
evidence from the Soviet 
Union of prevailing con- 
ditions at Osier, a small town 
60 km north of Kiev and 
60 km south-east of 
Chernobyl which was a ref- 
erence point for measuring the 
impact of the radioactive 
contamination in areas of 
European Russia. 

Mr Pearce, of Bristol 
University, said the judge- 
ment took into account diffi- 
culties over diet He suggested 

that a different assessment 
might have been made if it 
was possible for individual 
students to adopt a rigorous 
diet excluding local produce , 
like milk, yoghourt and fresh 

Preliminary figures of the 
European Community, made 
for the European Commission 
by Mrs Jane SLmmonds, of the 
National Radiological Protec- 
tion Board, showed that the 
worst affected countries out- 
side the Soviet block were 
Greece, Italy and West 

The exposure to the popula- 
tion in Greece and Italy in 
particular was more than ten 
times higher than that in the 
worst parts of Britain. 

Case for Sizewell is ‘out of date’ 

Government arguments for 
building the Sizewell B 
nuclear reactor are out of date 
and cannot be supported by 
evidence, it was claimed 

Friends of the Earth, the 
environmental pressure group 
which was one of the main 
objectors at the 340day public 
inquiry into the siting of the 
reactor on the Suffolk coast, 
made the claim in London. 

The group was joined by the 
Liberal MP, Mr Simon 
Hughes, and other members 
of Parliament. 

Mr Hughes said that since 

the Chernobyl disaster, safety 
had become an important 
issue. Yet only 32 of the 79 
safety requirements for the 
proposed plant in Suffolk, had 
been satisfied at the hearing. _ 

He said: “The outcome of 
this inquiry is a matter of 
major concern to everyone in 

The results of the inquiry 
are due at the end of the year. 

In a statement. Mr Stan 
Onne, Labour spokesman on 
the environment, said: “For 
the Government to consider 
commissioning this plant is an 
act of dangerous folly which 

will be resisted by the vast 
majority of the British people. 

“If the Government pro-; 
ceeds with the order • for 
Sizewefl, Labour will caned 
the contract." 

Mr lan Wriggles worth, SDP | 
spokesman on the environ- 1 
men I, said there was no 
evidence to justify the build- 
ing of tire pr es suriz ed water 

Friends of the Earth yes- 
terday launched its own report 
examining the inquiry. The 
group says that the Govern- 
ment has been over-oplimistic 
about its statistics on safety. 

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Uttlewoods Pools, its Daft not To. 

move to 
stop toxic 

Pressure from environ- 
mental groups has fed four 
East coast authorities to op- 
pose plans to unload 3400 
tons of toxic waste in Britain? 

Two Dutch dredgers seek- 
ing a British port for the waste 
would remain for weeks at the 
dockside if they entered any 
East coast porL 

After an initiative by Essex 
County Council neighbouring 
local authorities have agreed 
to adopt delaying tactics to 
keep the boats from unloading 
their cargo. 

The agreement is being seen 
as a victory for press u re 
groups such as Greenpeace 
and Friends of the Earth. 

“Their actions in drawing 
attention to this problem have 
exacerbated the situation over 
the last few months," the 
London Waste Regulation 
Authority said. 

The authority has joined 
Essex, Sussex and Kent 
county councils in agreeing 
that unloading of the waste, a 
slurry containing 2 per cent 
arsenic, would require a li- 
cence which would take at 
least two months to obtain 
and cause costly delays. ■ 

The two months would be 
spent in formal consultations ' 
involving district councils, 
water authorities, planners 
and the Health and Safety 

The Dutch water authorities 
spent three weeks and 
£700.000 salvaging the waste 
from the Danish coaster, Olat 
after it sank off the Dutch 
coast in July on its way to 
Britain from a chemical fac- 
tory in Denmark. They now 
want to see the waste on its 
way to Britain. 

But the dredgers are still in 
Rotterdam after the impasse 
created by Essex County 

Mr John Harrison, die 
County Consumer and Public 
Protection Officer, said: “If it 
is too bad for Denmark and so 
dangerous it has to be raised 
from the sea bed, it is a matter 
of grave concern. 

“If it has to go somewhere, 
why should it be this country? 
Essex feels it has been unfairly 
treated in the past for hazard- 
ous waste, and the members of 
the council ihink enough is 

He said that the council 
believed the slurry, which 
dries quickly and can turn into 
a dangerous dust, should be 
placed in secure containers by 
the Dutch authorities before it 
is shipped to Britain. , 

Protests by residents in 
Brightiingsea, Essex, led the 
owners of the private port to 
confirm that they would not 
handle the waste. 

Now pons all along the East 
coast have been told they may 
not handle it without a 

The waste Is due to be made 
i safe at a reprocessing plant in 
I West Thurrock, Essex, owned 
i by Cory Waste Management, ! 
| a member of the Ocean Trans- 
port and Trading group which j 
was last week the subject of a 
£258 million takeover bid by 
Mr Ron Brieriey, a New 
Zealand businessman. 

Cory Waste Management 
said: “There are infinitely 
more dangerous materials 
than this offloaded at ports 
every day." 

But Fnends of the Earth 
said there was evidence that 
toxic waste was dangerous, 
particularly to the dock work- 
ers who would have to unload 
it, which was why other 
countries were anxious to 
send their waste to Britain. 

“Britain is being used as a 
dumping ground, lo 1985, we 
imported 25,000 tons of 
hazardous waste. 

“In the past, these ship- 
ments have been imported 
without too much attention 
being given to them, but 
possibly Essex County Coun- 
cil is being a lot more wary 
over this shipment because of 
the attention Friends of the- 
Earth and Greenpeace have 
given to this issue." 1 

.*»■« * v> f - 

- •' *- - -V > 1 U. S 

_"* /• ’ \ •• •• -. u *• 

, *: J .• S:;. > ... ~ 

lip ^ 

? i?: : -e ' ^Se 

-vi. ' . tr?; - 

Mr Saye surreys the 

quarry wfckh he has bought in an effort to save his home 
which stands dose to the edge. 

Man buys quarry to save his home 

A Devon b us in essman has 
paid £20,000 for a disused 
quarry ia an attempt to save 
bis home from fnilmg into it. 

Mr Tony Saye, aged 31, has 
started to fiD in the wurked- 
ont limestone quarry, near 
Barnstaple, north Devon, be- 
cause he fears his house wffi 
collapse from subsidence. 

He decided to bay the 
quarry wbea a neighbour's 
garden collapsed into it and 
experts said it was only a 
matter of time before his four- 
bedroom house and garden 

went the same way. 

The conservation scheme 
could earn Mr Saye a profit. 
He is cbtgitt briJders £15 a 
load to dump their rubbish and 
hopes eventually to get mU his 
money bade. 

The problems began 18 
months age when a next-door 
neigh bom's garden collapsed 
into the quarry after water had 
eroded the bank. 

Mr Saye, who runs a car 
accessory business, . said: 
“Water ted been eating away 
at the ground surroanding the 

Blacks condemn 
Tory MP’s attack 

By Angella Johnson 

Members of Britain’s black 
business community have re- 
sponded angrily to a scathing 
attack on West Indian people 
as “bone idle, lazy, good-for- 
nothings” by Mr Terry Dicks, 
Conservative MP for Hayes 
and Harfington. 

Mr Dicks was defending Sir 
Woodrow Wyatt, the news- 
paper columnist, who was 
censured by the Press Council 
last weekend for claiming that 
a laige proportion of black 
immigrants were “lawless, 
drug-taking, violent and 

Mr Dicks’ outburst has 
prompted calls from other 
Conservatives for the party to 
dissociate itself from these 
views and has angered West 
Indian business people in 
Britain, who called his re- 
marks irresponsible and 

Mr Samm y Jay Holder, 
fchairman of the United King- 
dom Caribbean Chamber of 
Commerce, said: “We have 
over 400 members throughout 
the country, representing ev- 
ery aspect of business life . 

“The second and third 
generations of Mack British 
don’t want to sweat for tong 
hours in comer stores. Instead 
they have integrated in in- 
dustry and commerce. Many 
have struggled very hard to 
establish themselves in 
successful careen and' it is 
totally unworthy for Mr Dicks 
to label them in tins way.” 

Mr Bunny Barnett, editor of 
a new Mack busness maga- 
zine; Wealth, said Mr Dicks's 
statement would help to create 
racial tension on the streets 
and could dismantle the good 
work being done by police and 
community leaders,. 

Fresh call to outlaw 
ritual slaughtering 

The Government came un- 
der renewed pressure yes- 
terday to abolish ha la! and 
kosher slaughtering methods. 

The call from the pressure 
group, Compassion in World 
Farming, accused ritual 
sl a ught e r companies of taking 
advantage of their position to 
sell meal to non-religious 

Mr Peter Roberts, the cam- 
paign director, said: “We have 
a duty to see that animals go to 
their deaths without pain and 
without fear." 

He called on the Govern- 
ment to implement the 173 . 
recommendations of the Farm 
Animal Welfare Council re- 

ports of 1982-85 which in- 
clude introducing stun -killing 
for poultry, high voltage kill- 
ing for pigs ana phased with- 
drawal -of religious 

Mr Roberts claimed that 
some Muslim interests were 
using the regulations “to give 
them an advantage over the 
rest of the meal industry” 

He said a halal slaughter- 
house which was exporting to 
a large French supermarket 
company had admitted that it , 
did not stun sheep before 
killing them. This case had 
been referred by the campaign ! 
to the Director of Public , 

quarry. I decided my bouse 
may eventually be at risk, my 
garden might collapse and the 
market value of the house and 
the three properties near by 
would go right down." 

Expats say the quarry will 
take about 400,000 tons of 
waste material before it is 
filled in. 

Mr Saye, wfao has lived in 
the house for three years, said: 
“I have got a five-year tipping 
licence and with a bit of lock I 
will get my money back and 
save die garden." 

Cash short 
for local 

Local roads in Britain are 
deteriorating quickly because 
after freeing local authorities 
to spend more, the Govern- 
ment is failing to provide the, 
necessary cash, it is claimed. ' 
Local authority highway j 
spending was raised — on 
paper — by 14 per cent in this 
year's public expenditure 
White Paper. 

The National Road Mainte- 
nance Condition Survey, pre- 
pared by experts from local 
authorities and central gov- 
ernment, has shown a deieri- 
orating trend in local roads. 

They were found lo be in a 
“significantly worse" state last 
year than the year before. 

But the rate support grant 
which provides local authori- 
ties with the funds for road 
maintenance was raised by 
only 3.5 per cent 
The improvement claimed 
by . ministers is not, in fact, 
taking place, according to an 
unpublished survey of county 
and metropolitan authorities 
carried out by the British 
Aggregate Construction 
Materials Industries. 

The survey shows that ac- 
tual spending on highway 
maintenance this year will be 
substantially down on the 
government expectations — 
under £600 million compared 
with more than £750 milion. 

“Local authorities are notin 
a position to spend enough to 
arrest the deterioration and 
keep local roads in a satisfac- 
tory condition," Mr David 
Smicker, transport chief of 
the Association of County 
Councils, said. “Saving money 
in this way is a false economy, 
because if deterioration ts 
allowed to continue and accel- 
erate. the eventual cost is 
much greater." 

Nato’s frigate strategy: 2 

Industry manoeuvring for work share 

While the navies and de- 
fence ministries of eight Nato 
nations are still trying to 
determine precisely what they 
want from the proposed stan- 
dard Nato frigate, industrial- 
ists are manouevring to ensure 
that their companies and their 
country get as much work as 
possible from the project, 
should the vessel eventually 
go into production. 

Although no country is 
committal to taking any of 
the Nato frigates, present in- 
dications are that there may be 
an initial programme of more 
than 50 vessels, with the 
United Slates having about a 
third. It looks as though Bri- 
tain could have the second 
largest involvement with per- 
haps eight ships, with the 
other nations taking as many 
as six each. 

There appears lo be at least 
an informal understanding 
that each country will build its 
own hulls. These, with the 
main propulsion units, ac- 
count for about 35 per cent of 
the cost This leaves work 
totalling 65 percent of the cost 
— accounted for by sensors, 
weapons systems and other 
equipment — to be provided 
on a collaborative basis, 

There are important industrial issues at stake in the 
Nato frigate project, including the development of 
advanced missile and radar systems. In the second of 
two articles. Rodney Corvtonf Defence Correspondent , 
looks at the position as Nato ministers ponder the 

Each participating country 
will expect to proride equip- 
ment in proportion to the 
number of ships it agrees to 
take, but a high degree of spe- 
cialization is expected to deve- 
lop wjth individual countries 
or companies becoming the 
predominant supplier of parti- 
cular pieces of equipment 
This means there will be a lot 
of jockeying for position, with 
each country trying to ensure 
it is not shut out of lines of 
activity in which it is particu- 
larly interested. 

The project definition phase 
will be run by an international 
joint venture company based 
m Hamburg, and each country 
is expected to be represented 
on it by a single unit represent- 
ing its industrial interests. In 
the case of Britain. Supermar- 
me Consortium Ltd has been 
formed by 10 of the largest 
British defence contractors 
with particular involvement 

in naval systems. Supermar- 
ine is expected to represent 
Britain in Hamburg, but nego- 
tiations over this are still going 
on between the Ministry of 
Defence and Supermarine. 

From the British point of 
view a central issue which has 
to be settled is an arrangement 
to develop a new air defence 
system for the end of the cen- 
tury. It would have to be able 
to cope with supersonic sea- 
skimming missiles, and mis- 
siles which came down from 
altitude in a near-vertical 
trajectory, as well as other less 
demanding targets, h would 
have to have the accuracy and 
speed of operation of the 
current British Sea Woir mis- 
sile. but have considerably 
greater range. 

Nato has set up a committee 
to examine providing such a 
missile system, which is 
know, n as a Local Area Missile 

System (LAMS), as well as a 
multi-function radar. Britain 
has a particular interest in this 
requirement, because a num- 
ber of companies. led bv Brit- 
ish Aerospace, are working on 
a national missile programme, 
and Plesscy has developed 
new radar technologies, using 
galiura-arsenide. which could 
meet the needs of a multi- 
function radar. 

The development of a 
fullscale weapons system 
could cost hundreds of mil- 
lions of pounds, and it is 
thought there have been 
suggestions that an American 
system could be built under 
licence in Europe. The de- 
cision on how a LAMS 
weapon system should be pro- 
' ided is so important that Bri- 
uin is insisting on ns receiv- 
ing cluse attention in the next 
phase of work on the frigate 

Complex collaborative pro- 
jects such as the Nato frigate 
are of undoubted benefit to 
the participating nations, bur 
tnere are always competing 
national interests which it is 
difficult to reconcile. That will 
be one oflhe main tasks in the ' 
next phase m the project 

trapped by 
says QC 

By Craig Seton 

An arsonist who petrol- 
bombed a building during the 
Handswonh riot in Bir- 
mingham a year ago was 
identified because a photo- 
graph showing him commit- 
ting the crime appeared on the 
front pages of newspapers, it 
was alleged yesterday. 

Mr Igor Judge. QC. for the 

prosection, asked die jury at 

Birmingham Crown Court to 
deride whether the photo- 
graph was of James Hazel!, 
aged 30, of Merry Hill Drive, 
Winson Green. Birmingham, 
who has denied arson on 
September 10 when £20,000 
worth of damage was caused 
to a building contractor's shop . 
in Heathfield Road. 

Mr Judge alleged that Mr 
Hazdi now looked “a lot more 
scholarly and a teamed 
gentleman" because he had a 
beard and wore glasses that 
were not in evidence when he 
gave himself up to the police.' 

Mr Hazdi appeared with 
Aaron Palgrave, aged 21, of 
Church Vale, Handsworth. He 
is alleged to have supplied Mr 
Hazed with the petrol bomb. 
Mr Palgrave denied arson, 
possessing petrol bombs with 
intent to endanger life or 
Hamag g pro p erty and ma- 
liciously causing an explosion. 

Mr Judge told the jury that 
the worst rioting uared in 
Handsworth on September 9, 
but the next day trouble again 
erupted and m»lk bottles filled 
with petrol and ignited by 
burning rags were thrown at 
the police. 

One of those incidents 
stood out for the unusual 
reason that whereas normally 
it was difficult .in the confu- 
sion to identify precisely who 
threw petrol bombs, on this 
occasion “one of the criminals 
was actually photographed 
committing the crime." 

- He said large numbers of 
press photographers were in 
the area, which was being 
visited that day by Mr Doug- 
las Hurd, the Home Secretary. 

Mr Judge said one photo- 
graph showed a man. wearing 
white shoes, with a flaming 
petrol bomb in his right hand. 
Another picture showed the 
act of throwing. 

After the publicity in news- 
papers and on television, Mr 
Judge said. “Mr Hazel/ 
presumably identified himself 
, because he just disappeared." 

But during a search of his 
house a pair of white boots 
was found. Mr Hazel! gave 
himself up to the police on 
September 16, but denied he 
had been at the scene. 

Mr Judge said other press 
photographs of the incident 
were choked- One, taken by 
Mr John Voos of The Times, 
showed the consequences of 
the petrol bomb allegedly 
thrown by Mr Hazdi into a 
building contractor’s shop. 

Mr Judge told the jury. 
“The prosecution say you will 
have no doubt about the guilt 
of these two men.” 

The trial continues today 

Court rejects 
plea to lift 
Botham ‘gag 9 

An attempt to lift the “gag" 
on Ian Botham before the 
winter Test tour of Australia 
failed in the High Court 

The Test and County 
Cricket Board has asked 35 
possible tourists, including 
Botham, to sign tetters that 
they would abide by media 
restrictions before they are 
considered for selection. 

But News Group News- 
papers, publishers of The Sun. 
for which Botham writes a 
column, sought an injunction 
restraining the board from 
inducing him to break his 
contract. Mr Justice Turner 
refused to grant the order. 

Mr Henry Douglas, for The 
Sun, said outside court: “lan 
Botham is in an extraor- 
dinarilyawkward position. He 
is keen to go on the Australian 
tour, but he could find himself 
in breach of his contract with 
us if he goes under the terms 
presently required by the 
board. We are considering an 

15. months for 
towards girl, 8 

Tracey Ann Parkes. aged 18, 
was sentenced to 15 months' 
youth custody at Wolver- 
hampton Crown Court yester- 
day after pleading guilty to 
aiding and abetting indecency 
towards a girt aged eight 
Mr Roger Smith, for the 
prosetution. said Parkes was a 
prostitute. Her friend, another 
prostitute aged 16 at the time, 
was the sister of the girt of 
eight. In January of this year, 
tne child was with Parkes, who 
was picked up by a man. A fee 
was negotiated and she got 
into the car accompanied by 
the child. When the customer 
asked if the child would 
participate in sexual activity 
Parkes persuaded her to agree. 
-The child then bared the 
'‘fcpper pan of her body while 
tne man engaged in sexual 

Mi i 




Mir * 

x, i*v ; 

v i v t 

«* 3 



Council censured • Baton rounds • Ballots protected • Policy partnership 

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F ailure to discipline 
electricians over 
Wapping is censured 

Reports by Alan Wood, John Winder, Nicholas Wood, Nicholas Beeston 

Anthony Hodges and Tim Jones. 

The TUC censured by a 
large majority yesterday its 
General Council's failure to 
take action to discipline the 
electricians’ union EETFU 
oyer the printing dispute at 
Wapping with News 


The congress carried the 
motion of censure after Mr 
Norman Willis, TUC General 
Secretary, had urged that it 
should be rejected. 

The motion criticizing the 
General Council was moved 
by the National Graphical 
Association, seconded by 
Sogat ’82, supported by the 
National Union of Journal- 
ists. a nd opposed by the 
EETPU and the Amal gamated 
Engineering Union. It was 
carried, amid loud applause, 
by 5, 823,000 votes to 

3.132.000, a majority of 


Mr Willis, sensing that his 
request would fall on deaf 
ears, declared that efforts to 
resolve the dispute would 
continue intensively. What- 
ever the outcome, the job of 
the TUC would be to pick up 
the pieces and go on working 
for that settlement. 

The commitment of himself 
and his colleagues remained 
and their instruction to unions 
remained. What also re- 
mained was to get the maxi- 
mum justice for the people 
who should be in Wapping. 

Mr Tony Dubbins, National 
Graphical Association, mov- 
ing the motion, said that it was 
impossible to have unity built 
on the ashes of 5,500 sacked 
printing workers. 

The motion also called on 
the General Council to enlist 
the involvement of all affili- 
ated unions in stepping up 
demonstrations of support fra* 
trade union rights at Wapping, 
east London, and Kinning 
Park. Glasgow. 

It sought an intensification 
of the boycott campaign 
against The Sun, News of the 

^ortd. The Times and The 
Sunday Times. 

It confirmed that the dis- 
pute must be settled by nego- 
tiation on the; of 

achieving trade onion 
recognition. The motion con- 
cluded: “We are concerned 
that an honourable settlement 
is found for all concerned 
including ourselves and would 
make it clear that EETPU 
members will support their 
union in actions to secure such 
a settlement." 

Mr Dubbins said that Mr 
Murdoch bad used every per- 
verse weapon in his armoury 
to break the dispute and to 
persuade members to fade 
away into the night- Their 
message to Mr Murdoch had 
been made dear in two secret 

The fundamental right of 
trade unionists to have 
indentation and the dignity 

members to stop doing the job 
of printers at Wapping. 

The NGA w as not 

that the EETPU be 

just that hs members acted as 
good trade unionists. 

Miss Brenda Dean, General 
Secretary of the Society of 
Graphical and Allied Trades 
'82. said she spoke on behalf of 
the majority of 3,500 workers 
locked out of Wapping and 
Kinning Park, Glasgow after 
they had refused to enter a 
Dutch auction to see which 
union could offer the worst 
conditions for their members, 
and Mr Murdoch had been 
ably aided and abetted by the 

“What happened to our 
members must never be al- 
lowed to happen again.” . 

They had tried for months 
before the dispute and before 
balloting their members on 
strike action, to get a united 

representation and the dignity strike action, to get a united 
ofajob was at issue. The strike approach. The EETPU bad 
had been engineered by Mr not wanted to know. 

“Not to mince words, with- 
out the EETPU, Wapping 
could not have happened. 

The plants at Wapping and 
in Glasgow could not have 
become operatio nal without 
the local EETPU officials in 
Glasgow and Southampton 
being willing to act seoetly, 
covertly in a kind of CIA 

News International had 
conspired against their own 
employees and could not be- 
lieve their luck when a TUC 
affiliate helped them in their 
disgraceful plans. 

There was nothing grey 
about the dispute. It was stark, 
brutal and bitter. 

“These people in Wapping 
and Kinning Park stole our 
members' jobs," she said. 

'It could not be dismissed as 
just another Fleet Street dis- 
pute between so-called greedy 
folk squabbling over the 

Many of her members there 
had been low-paid workers 

Murdoch to finance his opera- 
tions in the United States. An 
essential link in that process 
had been the recruitment of 
staff a t Wapping for which 
EETPU had been responsible. 

It had been suggested by 
those who ought to know 
better that the motion ought 
to be withdrawn in the in- 
terests of unity. The NGA had 
given support every time it 
had been asked for. 

It was not in the interests of 
unity to undermine fellow 
trade unionists by accepting a 
no-strike, legally binding 
agreement irrespective cu 
what it meant to other unions. 

So for the General Council 
had given on ly a sla p on the 
wrist to the EETPU but in 
foiling to instruct the union to 
stop its members working at 
Wapping it had hidden behind 
the skirts of Conservative 
legislation. The resolution 
would mean that if the present 
negotiations foiled, the Gen- 
eral Counc il should instruct 
the EETPU to . instruct its 

Miss Brenda Dean, general secretary of Sogat, talking to the press outside the conference centre in Brighton yesterday. 

who had lost their livelihoods. 

The council bad said that 
action had been contrary to 
the declared principles ofCoo- 
gres s and t hen simply directed 
the EETPU to inform mem- 
bers that they were doing 
Sogat' s members’ jobs. If they 
did not stand together what 
was the TUC for? 

The electricians, had been 
caught with their fingers in the 
till of Sogat members’ jobs. 

Passing the motion would 
say that the movement re* 
jected what had happened and 
might help to protect others in 

Mr Harry Comoy, General 
Secretary of the National 
Union of Journalists, said that 
they still had members inside 
Wapping but more than. 150 
had left the four titles. Many 

had obeyed NUJ instructions 
not to work there and had 
been sacked. Others had 
found better jobs because they 
could not few: going through 
the picket lines. 

Many were there because 
the plant was ready and the 
editors had been able to go to 
union chapels . (office 
branches) at The Times, Sun- 
day Times, Sun and News of 
the World and say “Go to 
Waging or else. If you don't, 
you will be sacked." 

Those same editors lectured 
people about a free press. 
They should look at them- 
selves in a minor. It would' 

They would continue to try 
to get their members out, but 
they had received a threat of 
an injunction. One member 

working in Wapping had got 
solid tors to write telling the 
NUJ that unless they desisted 
from disciplining him, he 
would ask for an injunction to 
stop them. 

He urged support of the 

Mr Jack Whyman of the 
Amalgamated Engineering 
Union said that 200 of his 
members had been sacked. 

All the unions involved had 
asked Eric Hammond to use 
his best endeavours to get 
talks restarted. That had lento 
the current round of talks. 

“My worry is that what is 
said and the decisions taken 
here will not open up the 
possibilities of settlement, but 
close them down." 

Mr Eric Hammond. Gen- 
eral Secretary of the Electrical, 
Electronic and Plumbing 

Union (EETPU) said that his 
union refused to accept 
responsibility for the plight of 
former NI 

employees-Responsibility for 
that was with the bad judge- 
ment of the print unions. 

It had been said that there 
was a plot by Murdoch to 
create a situation whereby his 
workers would be provoked to 
strike action, and that Mur- 
doch then claimed justifica- 
tion for the sacking. 

“Perhaps there was a plot, 
but we had no part of il" 

He believed that the rules of 
the TUC. providing they were 
used within the laws of soci- 
ety, must be the instrument to 
settle di fferenc es. 

The EETPU would con- 
tinue to do all it could to 
secure an honourable settle- 
ment of the dispute. 

to minister 
on jobs 

The Government’s ap- 
proach to the jobs market is to 
be challenged at a meeting 
with Lord Young of 
Grafiham. Secretary of State 
for Employment, after 

Mr Roy Grantham, of 
Apex, chairman of (he 
Employment Policy and 
Organization Committee, 
said: "We reject the" 
Government’s dogmatic; 
assertion that unregulated free ' 
markets create more jobs. Just 
look at the unemployment 

The Genera] Council had 
campaigned actively against 1 
the Government's deregula- 
tion measures, particularly the- 
mean-minded Wages An and 
the attacks on the most * 
vulnerable employees in the 
recent White Paper. 

Mr Grantham, was speak-'' 
ing on the committee's report. 
People at Work: New Rights. 
AW- Responsibilities, pre- 
pared jointly with the Labour' 
Party, which he said was 
designed to produce a fair, 
effenive and forward-looking 
framework of industrial rela- 
tions law under a future 
Labour Government. 

Gold awards ; 
for service 

Gold badges of Congress for 
service to trade unionism were 
awarded to Mr Edward Horse- 
man. Transport and General 
Workers Union, and Miss 
Dorothy Hadley, National 
League of the Blind and 

The Congress award for 
youth was presented to Mr 
Michael Davies, National 
Union of Mineworkers. 

Agenda today 

Mr NeD Kinnock, Leader of 
the Opposition, will address 
Congress this afternoon. 

Other business includes 
GCHQ. the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission; the penal 
system; pensions and social 
security; homelessness; and 
heal A and safety at work. The 
resalts of elections to the 
General Council are expected 
to be announced. 

. . *w • •• 

■V -? ~- 

v hj.” • 

oiirt ri’Kj. 
pica to® 

Willis swings congress 
behind strike ballots 

Continued from page 1 

where they had no rights or 

The challenge to the trade 
union movement was' to ap- 
peal to and protect a new 
servant class “treated frankly 
with about as much consid- 
eration as a scullery maid in 
Victorian Britain". 

Some; he said, worked in 
the fast-food chains where the 
staff were as disposable as the 
plastic amtainersTlhrowaway 
people in a throwaway 

With trade union member- 
ship now below 50 per cent of 
the national workforce, it was 
significant that none of the 
traditional union barons, with 
a power base in heavily union- 
ized factories, opposed the 
new line on ballots, which is a 
central part of Mr Kinnock’s 
strategy to restore his party's 

Mr Ron Todd, general sec- 
retary of the TGWU, en- 

dorsed ‘ the strategy 
reluctantly, saying that he 
would rather swallow .hard on 
Labour's industrial relations 
law than “choke on Thatcher’s 
hostile legislation". 

Left-wing opposition to the 
motion was reduced to a 
rump. Ms- Barbara Switzer, 
deputy general secretary of 
TASS won little support for 
her claim that rank and file 
demands for ballots amounted 
to no more than a “media 

She was supported by Mr 
Alan Sapper, general secretary 
of the Association of 
Cinematograph, Television 
and Allied Technicians, who 
said: “We reject the propo- 
sition that the state should 
determine union laws. It di- 
vides the strength and unity of 
the movement.” 

Delegates backed the plat- 
form resolution overwhelm- 
ingly without a card vote, by 
perhaps six or seven million to 
two million. 

NGA motion carried 
after stormy debate 

Continued from page 1 
union: “We cannot allow 
unity to be built on the ashes 
of the jobs of 5,500 sacked 

Mr Willis was unable to 
persuade delegates that the 
union chiefs had done all they 
could to bring the electricians 

He said that the matter 
should be put to one side while 
efforts were under way to find 
an honourable settlement. 

Mr Eric Hammond, the 
EETPU general secretary, who 
earlier in the day had run the 
gauntlet of a noisy demonstra- 
tion outside Uie conference 
centre by around 1,000 print- 
ers and their supporters, re- 
jected claims that his union 
had collaborated with News 
International over the move 
to Wapping. 

He said that he refused to 
accept responsibility for the 
plight of former News Inter- 
national employees, claiming 
they had been the victims of 
bad judgment on the part of 
their union leaders. 

Mr Hammond accused 
Sogat '82 of having conspired 
to pul his members Out of 
Fleet Street in the past: "To 
portray the print unions as 
unblemished virgins lakes 
Fleet Street distortions to a 
new IcveL” 

Mr Dubbins alleged the 
printworkers' strike, which 
presaged the move to 
Wapping. had been en- 
gineered by Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch. head of News 
International to finance his 
operations in the United 

He claimed that the elec- 
tricians. through officials at 
their Southampton and Glas- 
gow offices, had acted as a 
recruitment agency to take 
over his members' jobs. 

Mr Dubbins accused the 
General Council of giving the 
electricians a slap on the wrist, 
then hiding behind the skirts 
of the Government’s trade 
union legislation. 

Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat '82, accused 
the electricians of stealing the 
jobs of her members. 

“News International con- 
spired against their own 
employees and could not be- 
lieve their luck when a TUC 
affiliate helped them in their 

Mr Willis said that the 
disciplinary procedures had 
been property conducted and 
that EETPU could not be tned 
twice for the same offence- 

In the first card vote of the 
conference, delegates voted by 
5.823.000 to 3. 1 22,000 to back 
the NGA resolution. 



‘Strike ballot here to stay’ Law should side with Ballots 

vrihs cheers for Willis 

The TUC General Council 
and Mr Norman Willis se- 
cured a clear and important 
victory with an overwhelming 
vote in favour of the joint 
TUC-Labour Party document 
on trade union organization 
and industrial relations. 

A similar vote was cast to 
carry the composite motion 
moved by the General. 
Municipal. Boilermakers and 
Allied Trades Union 
(GMBATU). which called for 
abolition of the present 
Government’s anti-trade 
union legislation and called 
for a Labour Government to 
introduce a new legal frame- 
work to strengthen workers’ 
rights, including the right to 
strike and providing for bal- 
lots in such situations. 

Ely a somewhat narrower 
majority. Congress rejected a 
motion by the Technical 
Administrative and Super- 
visory Staff Union (TASS) 
opposing interference by any 
outside body in unions* in- 
ternal democratic procedure 
by outside bodies and reject- 
ing intervention by the state 
and the courts. 

Mr Norman Willis, General 
Secretary of the TUC was 
greeted with cheers when be 
told delegates that balloting of 
union members before strikes 
was here to stay because union 
members favoured it. 

He was moving a joint 
TUC-Labour Party liaison 
committee report People at 
work: new rights, new 
responsibilities, and called for 
support for a motion to be 
moved by GMBATU. which 
called, among other things, for 
a right to strike and a right to 
have a secret ballot in such 

He said that they had 
laboured long and hard to 
produce the joint statement 
and at the end of the process 
he did not believe they should 
run any risk of being accused 
of facing both ways. 

It was a blueprint for the 
new Britain, a charter for the 
casualties of the past, cheated 
over the past seven years. 

The document offered full 
citizenship rights to millions 
of people, above all to the 

Mr Willis promised greater 
job security to the under- 
privileged; better protections 
against unfair dismissal; equal 
opportunities for women and 
Mack workers; a healthier and 
safer workplace and more say 
in how their companies were 
run. The trade union Acts of 
1980. 1982 and 1984 would be 

He called on them to vote 
for the composite motion by 
GMBATU and to reject a 
TASS motion opposing any 

interference in unions* in- 
ternal democratic procedure 
by outside bodies. 

The TASS motion was out- 
dated and “over the top". 

The joint proposals meant 
scrapping the balloting mea- 
sures in the 1984 Act and 
underpinning membership 
participation in unions by a 
new framework of rights. 

“We want ballots, with 
proper facilities, polling sta- 
tions at the workplace, meet- 
ings in working time." he said. 

Genera] principles would be 
based on a right for union 
members to have a secret 
ballot on decisions relating to 
strikes, and for the method of 
election of union executives to 
be based on a system of secret 
ballots, but there would be no 
imposition of rigid proce- 
dures, he said. 

Employers would be 
stopped from seeking injunc- 
tions and damages. 

Unions would be expected 
to guarantee such rights to 
their members willingly but 
any complaints by members 
would be dealt with by a new 

It was not a cynical pre- 
election deaL Balloting was 
there to stay because members 
favoured it. 

The Government’s unfair 
and damaging measures must 
be swept away. 

underdog, union says issue 


Moving the composite mo- 
tion on mdnstrial relations 
law, Mr John Edmonds, gen- 
eral secretary of GMBATU, 
called on the movement to 
come to die rescue of the 
“throwaway people in a throw- 
away economy". 

He said that they were 
seeing the growth of a new 
servant class, treated with as 
much consideration as the 
scullery maids of Victorian 

He was ashamed that a 
British Prime Minister should 
have so degraded the working 
people of Britain and, to 
applause, added: “Sometimes 
I am a little ashamed that we 
have done so little to stop her". 

The law should prevent 
exploitation and be on the side 
of the underdog. The law 
should not be on the side of 
Murdoch and MacGregor; it 
should be on the side of die 
kitchen porter, chambermaid 
and hairdresser «nd all the 
poor so-and-sos who nude the 
millions and not the lucky few 
who spent them. 

Seconding, Mr Alan Tnffin, 
general secretary of the Union 
of Communications Workers, 
said that the new legislation 
that was needed was all aboot 
indhridnal workers' rights on 
employment, the right to 
strike without risk of 

There most be no more 
Wappings. No more mast they 
have employers with advan- 
tages in the courts. That 
advantage mnst be provided 
for men and women at work. 

Union members needed a 
legal framework judges would 
find impossible to reinterpret 
and governments to repeaL 
Miss Barbara Switzer, deputy 
general secretary of TASS, 
moving her muon’s motion 
opposing outside interference 
with muon procedures, said 
that the suggestion that mu- 
lions of trade unionists wanted 
statutory ballots was a media 
fiction. The GMBATU motion 
did not offer the riqght to a 
ballot before a major multi- 
national dosed a plant and 
threw thousands out of work. 

Mr Alan Sapper, general 
secretary of Association of 
Cinematograph. Television 
and Allied Technicians 
(ACTT% seconding, said the 
motion asked the general 
council to consult with the 
Labour Party on non-Jegal 
guidelines to extend demo- 
cratic procedures of affiliated 
anions. That non-legislative 
approach strengthened trade 
union procedures. 

“We reject the proposition 
that the state should deter- 
mine unioa rales. It divides the 
strength and unity of the 
movement" he said. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, the 
Paymaster General and Min- 
ister for Employment, last 
night accused the trade union 
movement of fudging the 
issue of secret strike ballots. 

He saidrThe majority were 
apparently in favour of bal- 
lots. but want to do away with 
the law that made them 

Mr Clarke, who attended 
Congress as an observer, 
heard delegates endorse a joint 
TUC-Labour Parry document 
pledging a new order to re- 
place the Government's 
employment legislation. How- 
ever. secret ballots would 
remain on matters “relating" 
to strikes, but there would be 
no rigid imposition of proce- 
dures for holding them. 

He said: “1 think that is a 
very dangerous decision for 
them. They all agree they want 
to repeal every piece of legisla- 
tion since 1979. but were very 
vague indeed about what they 
wanted to replace it with." 

The Government's legisla- 
tion had proved very popular 
with rank-and-file members 
outside the conference hall but 
it was unclear how the TUC 
proposed to allow individual 
members to challenge the 
decisions of their unions. Mr 
Clarke said. 

Policy partnership with Labour vital 

The Labour Party was given 
a wanting yesterday not to 
expect bund loyalty from the 
unions If It forms the next 

Mr Kenneth GDI, in his 
presidential address, said: 
“Unify does not consist in 
rubber-stamping every pro- 
posal presented by Labour 
leaders. We have to insist that 
the next government cham- 
pions the interests of working 
people as Mrs, Thatcher 
served her supporters, the 

it was a dear message to Mr 
Kinnock, who will address 
delegates today, that if be 
wants a united front with the 
unions in the nm-np to the 
next election he must give 
than a central place in policy- 

Mr GDI said that, in the 
Sixties and Seventies, Labour 
and the onions did not get the 
relationship right They must 
get it right this time. 

In partnership with a 
reforming, radical govern- 
ment, the trade union move- 
ment could give that 
government the strength it 
needed to. cany out its tasks. 

They had to insist that the 
next Government championed 
the interests of working people 
as effectively as Mrs Thatcher 
bad served foe supporters that 
put her where she was: the 

Mr GOL, who was expelled 
tills year from the Communist 


Mr Kenneth Gill delivering 
his presidential address 
party, said^We do not want a 
Government that takes the 
easy way out or imposes wage 
restraint or which imposes 
restraint on union rules a»d 
procedures. We do not want 
the social ware restrained. We 
do not want British interests 
restrained in the interests of 
the multinationals- Recent his- 
tory shows that tills road leads 
to electorial defeat and 
disOfoston," he said. 

“The next Government, a 
Labour Government, must 
remember that their task Is to 
promote die Interests of the 
vast majority of the British 
people. The trade anion move- 

ment could not necessarily 
guarantee that every member 
accepted the political prior- 
ities of parliamentary 
judgmeots."He added that 
those who made a profession 
out of denigrating trade union- 
ism should remem ber that 
powerful trade unionism had 
always coincided with prosper- 
ity and vice versa. 

“We are here to make a 
better life. British trade union- 
ism has been here as 
capitalism - and will be 
after capitalism." 

Mr GUI opened his remarks 
by saying that fear was bade 
as a major soda! and political 
force. Mass unemployment, 
the fear of the sack dominated 
the national consciousness. 
The balance of power had been 
shifted significantly towards 
the employer, the declared 
objective of the Government 

Feeling was flowing against 
a Gallons Government that ent 
taxes for the greedy and cut 
jobs for die needy, a Govern- 
ment that sold industries and 
services to their rich friends at 
bargain prices. 

Tie Government had been 
nunbledJVfr GfD said. A short 
while ago, the Tories had been 
pursuing their interests un- 
impeded, confident and stri- 
dent, a sort of “mad Alice in 

“Now they stumble from 
one crisis to another, from 
eyror to danger, banana skin 
to costard pie, with Thatcher a 

shrill Alice in Bhinderland 
still shrieking that she is 

The country needed a Gov- 
ernment that would get the 
people back to work, tackle 
mass poverty and restore Brit- 
ish industry. 

Taming to international is- 
sues, Mr Gill said that 
Chernobyl dramatized the 
dangers of nuclear war. If one 
malfunctioning dvil power sta- 
tion could create such fear- 
some hazards, what would the 
smallest nuclear war do to this 
planet?All nuclear weapon 
tests should end and Star 
Wars should be abandoned as 
it extended the arms race 
massively Jn Sooth Africa, 
apartheid was crumbling. Brit- 
ain must disengage from rac- 
ism and oppression. If the 
Government continued to prop 
up apartheid, thousands of 
jobs would be lost. 

Mr Gin said, referring to 
the Wapping dispute, that Mr 
Rupert Murdoch had tried, 
with the aid of biased laws, to 
destroy mint trade unio nism 
and 6,000 jobs in the process. 
He had done one favour. He 
had, by blatant use of all the 
anti-onion legislation, exposed 
their brutal, unjust nature. 
Even the British judiciary 
were almost embarrassed and 
that really was some achieve- 
ment. No law designed hy the 
Tories to immobilize unions 
should be used within the 

Vote condemns police 
use of plastic bullets 

The General Council was 
instructed to campaign vig- 
orously against the deploy- 
ment by police in the United 
Kingdom of plastic bullets, 
water cannon and disabling 

A motion to the effect was 
carried by Congress with only 
the delegation of the Elec- 
trical. Electronic, Tele- 
communication and 

Plumbing Union (EETPU) 
voting against. Its general 
secretary. Mr Eric Hammond, 
was heckled from the public 
gallery when he spoke, 
interruptions that brought a 
rebuke from Mr Kenneth GOL 
the TUC president. 

The motion, moved by Mr 
Clive Brooke, of the Inland 
Revenue Staff Federation, 
noted with dismay the stated 
intention of .the Commis- 
sioner of the Metropolitan 
Police, in the wake of the 
Public Order Bill to deploy 
such weapons in dealing with 
incidents of civil unrest, and 
the statement that these weap- 
ons ted been supplied to all 
police forces. 

Congress was particularly 
concerned at the intended use 
of baton rounds in view of the 
number of deaths and serious 
injuries caused by these weap- 
ons in Northern Ireland in 
recent years. > 

Mr Brooke said that inno- 

cent people had been killed by 
plastic bullets, and inner city 
riots had been sparked off by 
such occurrences. The police 
must make determined efforts 
to win back public support in 
those areas where it ted been 

Mr Jolui Randall, of the 
Civil Service Union, said that 
violence bred violence. Any 
upward spiral of violence 
would lead to oppression and 
the curtailment of the right of 
peaceful demonstration. 

That was the road down 
which they would go if they 
were prepared to stand idly by 
and see the introduction of 
these weapons and the ever- 
increasing armoury of weap- 
ons available to the police. 

Mr Hammond said that 
some police were bastards and 
some were heroes. Some were 
heroes at one time and bas- 
tards at another. But the 
overwhelming majority de- 
served the union movement's 
help and support. 

They ted responsibility not 
only to deal with erring police 
but to back the 99.9 per cent 
who did a wonderful job. “I 
am grateful to the police." he 
added, “for without their help 
1 would not be able to speak to 
you today." (laughter). 

The police were often the 
thin blue line between free* 
dom and anarchy. 





It seems that many people 
are reassured by the sight 
of our name on the engine 

It isn’t entirely rational. 

All engines supplied for 
airliners are reliable. 

But somehow the Rolls- 
Royce tradition of care and 
craftsmanship has built an 
image in people’s minds. 

A feeling of unsurpassed 
excellence has surrounded 
our name since we started 
making aero -engines for the 
Bristol Fighter in 1916. 

The Rolls-Royce Merlin 
engine made the Spitfire an outstanding 

fighter in the Second World War. 

And today over half of the aero- 
engines we make are for military aircraft. 

More than 110 of the world’s fighting 

forces use our engines. 

The vertical take-off Harrier uses the 
Pegasus, the only engine of its type in service. 

Our civil aero-engines provide the 
power for aircraft operated by over 270 
airlines worldwide. 

These include Concorde, with its Anglo- 
French Olympus engines, and Boeing’s 747 
Jumbo Jet and the new 757 which shuttles 
back and forth day in day out between 
London and Edinburgh and Glasgow. 

We also make a fair number of engines 

that never get airborne. 

Nearly a tenth of our sales consist 
of gas turbine products for electricity gener- 
ating stations, ships and pumping stations 
such as those on Siberian and trans-Alaskan 

Last year our products generated record 
total sales of £1.6 billion which yielded pre 
tax profits of £81 million. 

So next time you fasten your seat belt 

and glance out of the window | ROLLS 
and see our name you’ll know 
why you feel so reassured. 

In the meantime, here’s a 
reminder of what to look for. 






J-S ! 

fi j 

i 1 

* ■..•-■ ! 

m >"T- ;. - W? ! 


% .■> ^ 

^ -• .? /$ 

£" ^ 


fc '* ^ ■ 

-, a v'C^l 

Exchang e deal with Moscow ruled ont 

White House suspects 
American journalist 
was framed by KGB 

3? — • ~*“u#«uayua 

aspects that Mr Nicholas 

5SS 51 a J rested ® Moscow 
gkgjy. for spying, was 
named in the hope Sat the 
Soviet Union could negotiate 
an exchange deal for a Soviet 
physicist arrested 1 1 days ago 
in New York and charged with 

Senior officials woe ada- 
mant yesterday that they 
would not negotiate a trade, 

and that the White House was 

prepared for a long confronta- 
tion that could only rfamap 
attempts to improve snper- 

nnw>r iwlotiftn. Dm.1- . 

measures are clearly not 
ruled out. 

It appears that the KGB had 
tried to frame Mr Daniloff two 
years aga 

It had tried to persuade Mr 
David Goldfarb, a friend of 
die journalist, to hand him 
incriminating documents, pre- 
pared by the secret police. 

Rom Christopher Thomas, Washington 

lion with the suggestion that he fori 
olas smuggle them out of the “1 
22 S?™** according lo Mr rate 
cow Goldfarbs son, Alexander. <wy 
™ The younger Mr GoMfeib, wor 
the who emigrated to the US and cho 1 
late is now assistant professor of com 
viet microbiology at Columbia op a 
ago University, said: “My father ado: 
wth rejected the proposal out of T 
hand.” part 

Had he agreed to the snpf 
*ey arrangement, his father had 
ide, been informed that he and his 9*^0 
was family would be allowed to twee 
Qta- emigrate to IsraeL Mr 

®ge When he refused be was Sovi 
per- subjected to an investigation b eer 

for his employee's release. 

“Unless the Soviets quickly 
release Mr Daniloff they will 
send a duffing message to Ibe 
world about the new Gorba- 
chov regime and about their 
commitment to neater co- 
operation in USSoviet rel- 
ations,'” Mr Gergen said. 

The affair has mown Dp at a 
particularly delicate time in 
superpower relations Intense 
exchanges are under way on a 
second summit this year be- 
tween President Reagan and 
BA- MiHmhI Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, and there has 
been considerable optimism 

Pitfalls of the Soviet kind 
for unwary correspondent 

Gorbachov or Brezhnev, de- 
tente or cold war, one thing 
about the Soviet Union never 
ch a ng es: its saspidoa of out- 
siders and its paranoid belief 
that -Western journalists are 
dangerous egrets provoca- 

Tim list of incidents involv- 
ing foreign correspondents In 
the Soviet Union is endless^ 
Episodes involving sex, drags, 
espionage and faked traffic 
incidents occur with a regular- 
ity that sugggests routine. 

Rarely do these events 
change die course of East- 
West relations. Bid they, are 
■m jiiwuflnf tmi unreasonable 

— if revealing of Soviet reality 

— and often leave scars on 
those involved. 

Seven years ago it was my 
turn. At the tune I was near 
the end of a turbulent three- 
year tour in Moscow as 
correspondent for US News & 
World Report •— the same 
American news mazarine 
whose repre se nt ative, Nidho- 
ias Danitofl; no# languishes in 
aKGBcdL \ 

My wife, Jean, , and I had 
been travelling in Soviet Cen- 
tral Asia. We leaded Tash- 
kent - not die glamorous 
attraction of legend, but a 
somewhat nondescript modem 
city as full of Russians as 
Uzbeks. In tourist, the Soviet 
travel agency, met us at the 

A couple of days later, after 
In tourist had gone oat of its 
way to be hetpnd, Jean and I 

18 injured 
in Durban 
bomb blast 

From Ray Kennedy 

At least 18 people were 
injured yesterday in a bomb 
blast at a supermarket in a 
white suburb of Eta* 30 * JJ 
area which has become the 
country's main target tor waac 

— nationalist attacks. 

The store, in a shopping 
complex at Monclair, about 
eight miles from the city, was 
crowded with lunchtime cus- 
tomers. Two of the injured, a 
girl aged three and a woman 

aged 2 a were seriously hurt . 

■ The incident rates as th e, 
roost serious “soft target" 
attack since an explosive de- 
vice went off in a shopping 
centre at Amanzixntoti, south 
of Durban, last December, 
killing five people and injur- 
ing more than 60. 

■ The Bureau of Information, 
the sole source of official news 
about events relating to the 
emergency, yesterday con- 
firmed that 18 people wot 
injured in the supermarket 
explosion. It said W> were 
seriously hurt and 10 slightly 
injured and that the building 
.was extensively damaged. 

The supOTnartefs asa^t 

“manager. Mr Kank Szcza- 
winskT said the enure prods 
counter was Mown to bus. 

“It seems that somebody 
left the device at the paj™ 
counter and walked out, he 

Pretoria looks 
to Taiwan 

Taipei (Reuter) - Sou* 
A/Hcaand Taiwan began JaHs 
yesterday on » *£2 


lions with Pretoria* 

Taiwan exports mainly tex- 
tiles. electronic goods ^ 
machinery to .South 

to Peking- 

By Robin Knight 
were invited to the birthday 
party of one of our guides. 
Looking back, it was a dassic 
gambit To refuse would have 
seemed chmilsh. To . accept 
meant straying into the un- 
known. Few journalists would 
resist, and nor did L 

The party, as it tamed out; 
was held in an Uzbek tea- 
house on the outskirts of 
Tashkent We arrived in a 
battered old bus. Vodka was 
pressed on as, and I drank a 
little, but my wife a bsta i ned . 
No food was offered. 

Finally we moved outdoors 
to a barbecue. Ow classes 
disappeared to be replaced by 
fresh ones. The next thing I 
recall is lying in a courtyard 
vomiting into a bathtub. 

Later I learnt what followed. 
"Guests” at the Internist party 
began molesting Jean. She 
resisted for all she was worth. 
Eventually the bus took ns 
both back to the hotel. 

Here dm front door was 
barred pad police, who ap- 
peared mysteriously from no^ 
where, tried to arrest me. 
Again Jean made a fins and 
some visiting American doc- 
tors staying** the hotel inter- 
vened and forced open the 

After that, a lengthy at- 
tempt began in the manager's 
office to get me to write a 

Two years earlier, in 1977, 
Robert Toth, a Los Artgdes 

Tuner journalist, had signed a 

statement after a KGB inter- 

rogation which was used later 

Evento my ^foddled^ite, 
sluing any document seemed 
a mistake. 

In the end, after two days 
confined to our hotel room, we 
were allowed to contact the 
American Embassy m Mos- 
cow. Soon afte rwa r d s we flew 
back to the Soviet capitaL 

Diplomatic protests and 
worldwide publicity followed. 
For two months Intourist 
threatened to sue for slander, 
and the Soviet press thundered 
its denunriatxms. But I am 
gii» to say that Jean and I left 
Moscow unscathed, and as 
phmtwt, three months later. 

Inevitably one looks back 
and reflects after such an 
mddent — as, doubtless, Nk£ 
Daniloff now is doings •• 

Malcolm Toon, then US 
Ambassador to the Soviet 
Union, told me I should hare 
tested the vodka with a silver 
spoon: if the drink was 
dragged the spoon would have 
turned bbefc. 

Perhaps we should not have 
travelled so for from Moscow 
alone. Maybe we should not 
have accepted that invitation. 

The sdMonbting might 
have gone on for yean were it 
not for Izresda. Two months 
after the Tashkent affair it 
published a picture of me 
being sick, token by a photog- 
rapher convenienfly placed be- 
hind au adjacent tree. The set- 
up was totaL 

. Walters in Madrid 

Spain briefed on 
terrorism links 

From A Correspondent, Madrid 

President Reagan's special 
envoy, Mr Vernon Walters, 
said after meeting Sedor Fran- 
cisco Fernindez Ordonez, the 
Spanish Foreign Minister, in 
Madrid yesterday that be had 
“discussed many matters of 
common interest with Spain, 
including the struggle against 
terrorism throughout the 

On the first stage of Ins 
European tour to co-ordinate 
new Western initiatives 
against Libya, including the 
imposition of economic sanc- 
tions, Mr Walters added: “It 
was a useful and friendly 

However, he emphasized 
that he had made no specific 
demands on Spain. 

Mr Walters, who arrived at 
the Torrqdn air base on 
Sunday, was accompanied by 
Mr Robert Oakley, Under- 
secretary of State in the US 
Government for matters relat- 
ing to terrorism, .and Mr 
Howard Teicher, a member of 
the US National Security 

The presence of the two 
high-ranking experts under- 
scored the informative nature 

Envoy turns to Belgium 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

Mr Vernon Walters, Presi- 
dent Reagan’s special envoy, 
arrives in Brussels today to 
urae the Belgian Government 
and the Nato allies to take new 

sanctions against Libya. 

Mr Walters, on a seven- 
nation European tour, wm 
hold talks with Mr Leo 
i Tindemans, the Belgian For- 
eign Minister, before going on 
to meet the Italian Deputy 
Secretary-General of Nato, 

Ambassador Marcello Guiou- 
Tfte American envoy is 
believed to be carrying new 
evidence of a planned Libyan 
terror campaign in the hope of 
getting European govern- 
ments to increase economic 
pressure on Colonel Gadam, 
the Libyan leader 
The reaction of the Nato 

allies to Mr Walters's mission 
is likely to be scepticaL 

European members win be 
reluctant to reduce trade con- 
tacts with Libya. -They are also 
keenly aware that European 
security could be threatened if 
Colonel Gadaffi reacts with 
more than words to hints of a 
new American raid. 

A government spokesman 
stressed that Belgium main- 
tained normal diploma ti c 
relations with Libya, despite 
the expulsion of Libyan dip- 
lomats after the US bombing 
ofTripoli and Benghazi. 

• BONN: Mr Walters vriD 
meet Herr Helmut Kohl, the 
West German Chancellor, 
hete tomorrow for talks about 
Libya (frank Johnson writes}. 

finally deami last year, his serious arms concessions by 
son said. He is still in the both rides. 

Soviet Union and is said to be Mr Michael Anna cost, Un- 

criticafly in. der-Secreiary of State for 

Mr David Gergen, editor of Political Affairs, summoned 
US News& World Report, said Mr Oleg Sokolov, the second- 
yesterday that the magazine's ranking official at the Soviet 
owner, Mr Mortimer Embassy, on Saturday to de- 
Zucfcerman, was to fly to mand the release of Mr 
Moscow immediately to press Daniloff 

wrv * "-v •• •• . v */ . 

M X. A. 4 

Investigators surrounding the wreckage of the twin-engined Piper Tomahawk in the yard of the Cerritos schooL 

Crash souvenir hunters hinder search 

From Ivor Davies _ i los sengets entombed in the 

Los Angeles H&l X d fS55mhe»I w *£? ka S*.„ . ... 

• . „ r*A! ifriRNiA H l / bsO The DC 9 apparently split 

The gruesome search for CAU ™ fflA Wmfc V in two as it hurtled to earth, its 

bodies resumed yesterday in l Big Bear main passenger cabin tum- 

ihe pleasant, middle-class sob- L **® Wing upside down. Two 

urb of Cerritos, where a sunny ' * blocks of homes were turned 

Sunday afternoon was turned into a raging inferno. Chunks 

into what one eye- witness 9HHIV 25 maw of the plane, ignited by jet fuel, 

described as “a neigh- ream 488 il 1 fell over a wide area like 

bourhood holocaust" after the ■ .J blazing sbapncL 

mid-air collision between an Investigators believe that 

airlmer and a small private /.I the small plane may have 

aircraft. Guadatafa ' '"" strayed into one of the main 

The DC 9 ariiner was about landing paths of Los Angeles 

to land at Los Angeles airport / airport, 

when it cohided with a sin^e K Moments before the col- 

J^Per Tom^iawk, - a, • ££*» 1 lisioa the DC 9’s pilot was 

which had just token off. ^ put a jigsaw puzzle together." eye- witnesses had told police talking by radio to the airport 
U lookra luce ajmissiie naa The remains of some 17 -- that the small plane, which air traffic control tower. The 
scored a direct hit, one or tne houses were still smouldering was en route from nearby pilot of the small plane was 

yesterday. Bunn-out cars ana Torrance airport to the not in contact with anyone. 
Tncyhave begun the gn m tas k debris littered the roads, car- California mountain resort of No aircraft is permitted to 
of ~? 3Ugh , S size pieces of the DC 9 were Big Bear, was apparently enter the main landing route 

out niooie oi some l / homes . everywhere, and firemen rac- climbing when it struck the without permission from the 
in search of survivors. ing to qucnc h the flames airliner behind the wing area Los Angeles control tower. 

The death ton now stands at literally tripped over dozens of in the fuselage at a 45 degree Air safety experts specu- 
67, but it could go as high as corpses of passengers scattered angle. lated that the controller 

77. All passengers aim crew on on streets, lawns and drive- The s mall plane crashed should have warned the DC 9 
^ oart ^ Aero Mexico flight 498 ways. almost intact into a nearby pilot if radar showed there was 

from Guadalajara and the The FAA confirmed what schoolyard, its three pas- another plane nearby. 

From Ivor Davies 
Los Angeles 

The gruesome search for 
bodies resumed yesterday in 
the pleasant, middle-class sub- 
urb of Cerritos, where a sunny 
Sunday afternoon was turned' 
into what one eye- witness 
described as “a neigh- 
bourhood holocaust" after the 
mid-air collision between an 
airliner and a small private 

The DC 9 ariiner was about 
to land at Los Angeles airport 
when it collided with a single 
engine Piper Tomahawk, 
which had just taken off 

“It looked like a missile had 
scored a direct hit," one of the 
scores of rescue workers said. 
They have begun the grim task 
of sifting through the burnt- 
out rubble of some 17 homes 
in search of survivors, 

The death toll now stands at 
67, but it could go as high as 
77. All passengers and crew on 
board Aero Mexico flight 498 
from Guadalajara and the 
occupants of the small plane 
died in the collision which 
occurred at 6,000 ft. Five 
residents were believed to 
have been killed in their 
homes by falling debris. But 
there axe many residents still 
unaccounted for. 

Federal Aviation Admin- 
istration investigators comb- 
ing the devastated area have 
found a flight recorder. But 
their task has been node 
tougher by ghoulish souvenir 
hunters. Two arrests have 
been made for looting and 
taking fragments of the 

“Bits of jet are aD over the 
place,” a member of the FAA 
team said. "It’s like trying to 

? Pacific < 


.3% : :S 

^ BlflBjj 

put a jigsaw puzzle together." 

The remains of some 17 
houses were still smouldering 
yesterday. Burnt-out cars ana 
debris littered the roads, car- 
size pieces of the DC 9 were 
everywhere, and firemen rac- 
ing to quench the flam es 
literally tripped over dozens of 
corpses of passengers scattered 
on streets, lawns and drive- 

The FAA confirmed what 

eye- witnesses had told police 
— that the small plane, which 
was en route from nearby 
Torrance airport to the 
California mountain resort of 
Big Bear, was apparently 
climbing when it struck the 
airliner behind the wing area 
in the fuselage at a 45 degree 

The s mall plane crashed 
almost intact into a nearby 
schoolyard, its three pas- 

Staffing alarm over US air safety 

From Christopher Thomas 

The air disaster near Los 
Angeles airport has rekindled 
intense controversy about the 
safety of America’s airways. 
Although the cause has not 
been established, attention has 
once more focused on the 
understaffed air traffic control 

Critics say the system has 
never fully recovered from 
President Reagan's dismissal 
of 1 1,000 striking controllers 
in 1 98 1 . -Ttetospehsion two 
wedb ago of 34 controllers at 

controllers at 

the Palmdale control centre to 
the east of Los Angeles be- 
cause of possible drug use has 
added to the sense of tiarm. 

There has been a sharp 
increase of air traffic in recent 
years at key airports, Los 
Angeles among them. That is 
partly the result of deregula- 
tion of the airline industry in 
the early 1980s, which led to a 
proliferation of new, small 
airlines concentrating on the 
main centres. 

Last year five accidents in 
the US involving large airlines 
killed 521 people, accounting 

for more than a quarter of 
known worldwide air fatal- 
ities. The latest accident was 
the first major US airline 

disaster this year. 

• UK safeguard: Air traffic 
control in Britain makes a 
collision between airliners and 
light aircraft far less likely 
than in the US Michael Baity, 
Transport Editor, writes). 

The key difference is that 
light aircraft are not allowed to 
fly in the “air motorways” or 
controlled air space used by 
airliners in Britain, except 
under air traffic control. 

Mugabe in 
call for 
action on 

From A Correspondent 

The incoming chairman of 
the Non-Aligned Movement, 
Mr Robert Mugabe, opened 
its eighth summit here yes- 
terday with calls for positive 
action on South Africa, 
disarmament, and the estab- 
lishment of a new world 
economic order. 

Mr Mugabe, the Zim- 
babwean Prime Minister, who 
took over from the Indian 
Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, said international 
mandatory sanctions were 
now the only peaceful means 
left to the international 
community to eradicate apart- 
heid within South Africa itself; 
to apply pressure for the 
independence of Namibia, 
and to restrain President 
Botha’s Government from its 
policy of “state terrorism" 
against its black neighbours. 

In a 35-minute address to 
representatives of 101 Third 
World countries, Mr Mugabe 
called for the dispatch of a 
team of foreign ministers from 
the Non-Aligned Movement 
to canvass support for sanc- 
tions, naming Britain, the US, 
West Germany and Japan as 
nations of particular im- 
portance in applying pressure 
to South Africa. 

He urged members of the 
Non-Aligned Movement to 
apply their own voluntary 
programme of sanctions until 
a mandatory resolution was 
adopted fay the United 

Mr Mugabe, whose own 
accession to power in 1980 
came after eight years of 
bloodshed in the Rhodesian 
bush war. called for greater 
material aid to South African 
liberation movements, includ- 
ing Swapo, the African Na- 
tional Congress and the Pan 
Africanist Congress. 

Stringent security precau- 
tions were enforced for the 
meeting, attended by leaders 
of all three movements and 
the chairman of the Palestine 
Liberation Organization, Mr 
Yassir Arafat. 

- Other conflicts became the 
focus of delegates as Mr Arafat 
made an impassioned appeal 
for an end to the war between 
Iran and Iraq“Let us put all 
our guns against Pretoria and 
against Tel Aviv in order to 
liberate our brothers and sis- 
ters from colonialism and im- 
perialism.” he said. 

Who’d like a Big Lump Sum 
in 10 years time? 

lA',- <ty 


m , ' ^ 

of the meeting at the Spanish 
Foreign Mini story, during 
which the Spanish authorities 
were reported to have been 
given US intelligence in- 
formation on Libyan and 
Syrian involvement in 

As a fresh reprisal, following 
its raid against Tripoli in 
April, the Reagan Administra- 
tion now wants its Nato allies 
to bade economic sanctions 
against Libya. These would 
include a boycott on Libyan 
oil purchases. 

However, Spain, which op- 
posed the US raid on Libya m 
April, is sot is favour of 
sanctions either. It imports 8.7 
per cent of its oil from Libya, 
and, while prepared to reduce 
its supplies, it is not willing to 
stop them altogether, officials 
have said. 

They have also said in 
recent weeks that they are not 
prepared to let the US nse the 
joint military air bases in 
Spain in case of a fresh raid 
against Libya. Despite this, 
the US stepped up its mifitaiy 
presence near Spain's south- 
ern port of Cadiz last week 
with the arrival of six US 
Navy vessels. 

V, H 

' V:.' 0k 

. r • v*** 

t - - 

. *■ v’-. 

•- -V 

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High-ranking border 
guard makes his 
escape from the East 

A senior officer of the East 
German border guards fled 
across the border into West 
Germany, it was announced 
here yesterday, bringing to 
three the number of escapes 
from East Germany at the 

The escapes came after the 
highly publicized Sight last 
week of an East Berlin build- 
ing worker, who reached West 
Berlin by crashing a lorry 
through the Checkpoint Char- 
lie crossing at the Berlin Wall, 
accompanied by his woman 
companion and their daughter 
aged eight months. 

Those in Bonn who study 
escapes from East Germany 
say that such spectacular 
examples tend to encourage 
others to try to get out 

While it would have been 
impossible for East Germans 
(o learn of the Berlin incident 
from their own newspapers or 
television, most of them re- 
ceive West German or Aus- 
trian television and would 
have been even more in- 
terested in the stoiy than the 
outside world. 

From Frank JohHson, Bonn 

The East Germans with the 
best chance of escaping are the 
border guards, despite many 
efforts over the years to force 
them to stop each other from 
getting away. 

The officer who fled on! 
Sunday was a lieutenant-colo- 
nel, aged 37, in the Third 
Battalion of the 24th Border 
Regiment, an unusually high 
rank for a defector. 

He got across the heavily 
fortified border more than 100 
miles west of Berlin. It was 
said here that he escaped “in 
the area of Uelsen”, a Lower 
Saxony town about 40 miles 
from the border with East 

It is West German practice 
not to reveal a more precise 
location of an escape because 
it may alert the East Germans 
to a vulnerable point in the 

The officer was wearing 
uniform but was unarmed. He 
was co-operating in question- 
ing yesterday at intelligence 
service headquarters in Mu- 

It was emphasized that he 
was “a free man" who could 
go where he wished. 

On the East German border 
with Bavaria on Saturday, a 
private aged 22, who was 
watching over building work- 
ers to stop them from escap- 
ing, himself saw a chance and 
rushed across to the West. 

On the same day a building 
worker aged 29 crossed at a 
point in Lower Saxony. 

• MUNICH: Twenty-seven 
Polish tourists on a trip to 
West Germany absconded 
from their party at the week- 
end before it returned to 
Poland, police in the Bavarian 
capital said yesterday (AFP 

They were with nine other 
Poles from Warsaw. The party 
had crossed into West Ger- 
many from Czechoslovakia at 

When the group returned to 
the same frontier post, police 
noticed that the 27 were 




Bangkok (AP) - The Dep- 
uty Interior Minister, Mr 
Veera Musikapong, resigned 
yestCTday after charges that he 
had insulted the monarchy. 

Mr Musikapong told report- 
ers he remained loyal to the 
king but decided to resign 
because opposition parties 
had seized on the issue to 
attack the three-week-old 
Government of the Prime 
Minister. Mr Prem Tin- 

Opposition parties have de- 
manded Mr Musika pong’s 
resignation and criticized the 
Prime Minister for allegedly 
shielding him. They will meet 
today to decide whether to 
submit a no-confidence mo- 
tion against either Mr 
Musikapong or the Prime 

"I have considered this 
issue and decided to resign,*' 
Mr Musikapong told reporters 
at Government House, where 
he said he had just informed 
the Prime Minister of bis 

Mr Musikapong was for- 
mally charged with two counts 
of tese-majeste. which could 
mean a 1 5-year prison term in 

He was accused of making 
the allegedly offensive re- 
marks in a July 13 campaign 
speech in Buriram province. 

Iran launches new 
Gulf war offensive 

Bahrain (Reuter) - Iran 
launched a new Gulf war 
offensive yesterday to try to 
capture strategic mountain 
peaks on the northern front, 
but Iraq said the assault had 
been checked 

The Iranian news agency 
Ima said the overnight attack, 
code-named Karbala 2, was in 
the nigged Haj Omran region, 
240 miles north of Baghdad. 

It said Iranian forces were 
advancing and that hundreds 
of Iraqis had been killed, 
wounded or taken prisoner. 

In Baghdad a military 
spokesman, quoted by the 
official Iraqi news agency Ina. 
said Iraqi troops had checked 
an Iranian offensive involving 
three divisions. 

Iranian leaders have repeat- 
edly threatened a decisive 
offensive to end the six-year- 
old war and Mr Mir-Hossein 
Mousavi, the Iranian Prime 
Minister, said last week such 
an attack was “not far off". 

The Iraqi spokesman said 
the Iranians opened their as- 
sault one hour after midnight, 
and were trying to recapture 
Mount Kardamend, a peak 
taken by Iraq after heavy 
fighting in May. Iran had 
occupied it three years eartier. 

He said the Iraqi Fifth 
Army Corps had managed to 
"destroy the attacking forces", 
capturing a number of Iranian 

troops. His remarks indicated 
that fighting continues. 

Kardamend, in a predomi- 
nantly Kurdish area, over- 
looks the Haj Omran border 
valley and the peak of 

Yesterday's fighting ap- 
peared to be the biggest flare- 
up on Gulf war ground fronts 
since the Karbala I offensive 
in early July when Iran re- 
gained its south-central border 
town of Me h ran after a six- 
week Iraqi occupation. 

The intervening period has 
seen an upsurge in attacks by 
Iran and Iraq on economic 
and' industrial targets. 

Iraq struck at Iranian oil 
exports Iasi month with anair 
strike on the makeshift Sirri 
Island oil terminal and both 
sides have increased raids on 
Gulf shipping - fuelling con- 
cern among Gulf Arab states 
that they might be dragged 
into the conflict. 

As the war enters its seventh 
year this month, Iraq has 
repeated proposals for peace, 
but Iran said it will pursue the 
struggle until the present Iraqi 
leadership is overthrown. 

The Gulf conflict issue was 
raised at the Non-Aligned 
Movement summit, opening 
in Harare yesterday, and Mr 
Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe's 
Prime Minister, has pledged 
fresh mediation efforts. 

Lack of aid 
liaison hits 

From Gavin Bell 

The Cameroon disaster has 
provided a classic demonstra- 
tion of poorly co-ordinated 
generosity swamping a relief 
operation with excessive and 

often inappropriate supplies. 

Emergency distrifwtion ce- 
ntres in the north-west are 

overflowing with five times the 

quantity of tents, blankets, 
food and drugs required to care 
for 3,000 survivors of the 
volcanic gas explosion on Au- 
gust 21. 

The operation went awry 
from the start because of a 
gross over-estimation of the 
population in distress. 

On August 25, the United 
Nations Disaster Relief Or- 
ganization (Undro) reported a 
fairly accurate death toll of 
1,000, but said there were 

10.000 people in the stricken 
area. The following day it said 

20.000 people had been 

It was only on August 28, 
one week after the explosion, 
that it modified this figure to a 
more realistic 5,000 and said 
basic supplies that had arrived 
were ea route and covered 
present needs. 

Red Cross and others in 
Bamenda, the provincial cap- 
ital now estimate the total of 
displaced persons at no more 
than 3,000. 

Mr Robert Hogarth, the 
British Vice-Consul in Don- 
ala, said that anyone familiar 
wish the area would have 
known that the early estimate 
of 20,000 was utterly impos- 
sible. "There has never been 
that density of people in the 

He ascribed the error to 
rumours perpetuated by "the 
cocktail-swigging, jamboree 
set," who rarely travelled out- 
side die capital Yaounde 

Mr Chris Daniell an Inter- 
national Red Cross adviser, 
said it was always difficult to 
compile accurate statistics 
quickly in remote regions, bat 
be found it hard to explain how 
the UN agency had arrived at 
the estimate. 

The initial error was then 
compounded by an evident 
lack of international co-opera- 
tion, leading to duplication of 
relief supplies from donor 
countries and non-govern- 
mental organizations. 

President Paul Biya of Cameroon and 
President Richard von Weizsacker of 
West Germany in Bonn yesterday after 
the arrival of the leader of the former 
German colony for a four-day visit 
expected to focus on West German 
"Co-ordination has always established by 

investment and on help for victims of 
the gas disaster (AFP reports). 

Mr Biya's decision to go ahead with 
his visit despite the catastrophe is seen 
as demonstrating the importance he 
attaches to economic ties with Bonn, 
the affected 

been a problem," Mr Daniell 
admitted. "That’s why Undro 
was set Dp in 1974, bnt it 
hasn't worked so far. 

"They really need to have 
experienced evaluators who 
would be sent quickly to a 
disaster area, instead of rely- 
ing on load UN repre- 
sentatives who may have no 
experience of relief oper- 

Mr Daniell suggested a 
three-phase plan for averting 

O Evaluators dispatched im- 
mediately to scene; an em- 
bargo imposed on relief 
supplies on til requirements 
are known. 

• Evaluators work in con- 
junction with a national co- 
ordination committee 


• Appeals for aid transmitted 
through Undro for specific 
funds and material goods; 
nothing that is not on these 
lists allowed into the country. 

In addition, he said, drags 
should be restricted to those 
on a list of 227 fonmdations 
compiled by the World Health 

A delegate of the West 
German Red Cross, Herr Gtm- 
ther Sieberfz, noted that any 
delay In sending supplies 
could prolong suffering. 

Mr Daniell however, said 
he did not consider this likely, 
since in. most situations, 
medicaments for treating bro- 
ken bones and life-threatening 
injuries were available locally. 

Disaster relief was further 

complicated by (he question- 
able motives of some donors. 
While the vast majority of aid 
stemmed from genuine com- 
passion, some of it was a case 
of disposing of unwanted sur- 
pluses that were of no use to 
the victims. 

A consolation from the lat- 
est mismanagement is that Mr 
Daniell is advising the Cam- 
eroon authorities on stockpil- 
ing surplus Supplies to enable 
the National Red Cross Sod- 
Ay to respond quickly to any 
future catastrophe. 

Meanwhile, the first phase 
of the relief operation here has 
been completed. Tents are 
being airlifted to provide tem- 
porary shelter for displaced 
famili es who we re given refuge 
by neighbouring tribes in the 
aftermath of the explosion. 

Japan union chief murdered 

Mr Masaaki Maeda, regional 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Gangs 
armed with metal pipes bat- 
tered to death a top railway 
union official and badly 
wounded eight others in a 
series of attacks at their homes 
early yesterday. 

Police said they suspected 
the extreme-left Chukaku 
(Central Core) group of killing 

head of the Shinkokuro union 
in Japanese National Rail- 
ways, and of wounding three 
other officials and their wives, 
and two other women. 

Mr Maeda was killed in 
Osaka. The chief of. the 
union's Tokyo chapter was 
among those attacked. 

Aids protest at Milan prison 

Rome — Inmates at Milan's 
San Vittore prison are 
demanding better safeguards 
10 block the spread of Aids 
among their numbers (Peter 
Nichols writes). About 1,200 
have been refusing food and 
food parcels for four days. 

They claim that about one- 
third of the prison population 

in Milan is addicted to drags 
and that Aids is passed on by 
unhygienic syringes. 

Only one doctor is available 
for the 450 drug addicts, they 

Their hunger strike is one of 
a series of protests which 
began last week in two 1 
prisons. ; 

‘French Army is proud of yon’ 

Chirac tribute to saboteurs 

Papeete (Reuter) — M Jac- 
ques Chirac, the French Prime 
Minister, said yesterday that 
the French Army had every 
reason to be proud of the two 
officers involved in the sink- 
ing of the Greenpeace ship 
Rainbow Warrior. 

However, he ruled out a 
visit to the two French secret 
service agents. Major Alain 
Mafart and Captain Domi- 
nique Prieur, who have been 
transferred to the South Pa- 
cific atoll of Hao from a New 
Zealand prison. 

"We are. talking about two 
officers of whom the French 
.Army has every reason to be 
proud,” be said on French 
radio here. 

When asked if he had a 
message for them, he replied: 
"1 have no special message 
except to pass on a message of 
consideration and friendship, 
and above all confirming my 

joy to know they are today free 
on the Republic's territory.". 

The two were sentenced to 
10 years' imprisonment in 
New Zealand for their part in 
the attack on the anti-nuclear 
protest ship harbour last year. 

Health offkals searching for 
rhinoceros coconut palm bee- 
tles delayed M Chirac's press 
conference for Vh hoars (Ren- 
ter reports from Papeete). 
They insisted on fumigating 
his entourage and a boot 20 
journalises: the beetle is a 
major threat in Wallis and 
Futuna, his previous stop. 

They were released m July 
and sent to the French base at 
Hao as part of a settlement 
worked out with New Zealand 
Seflor Javier PSrez de 
liieUar. the United Nations 


Secretary-General, under 
which France agreed to apolo- 
gize and pay SNZ 7 million 
(£2.3 million) compensation. 

M Chirac was being inter- 
viewed from Papeete after a 
visit to the South Pacific 
territories of New Caledonia 
and Wallis and Futuna.He 
said later that the two agents 
were in Hao for a regular 
three-year military posting. 

"They are under no con- 
straints. All they have been 
asked to do is not meet 
journalists for a while.” 

M Chirac described his visit 
to New Caledonia as positive. 
He said that it was unthink- 
able in a democracy that some 
citizens should vote and oth- 
ers should not, referring to the 
demands of the indigenous 
Kanaks that settlers should be 
excluded from voting in an 
independence referendum. 

Tamils 9 skipper faces legal battle 

From Frank Johnson 

Herr Wolfgang Bindel, the 
West German freighter caj>- 
tain who allegedly cast adrift 
more than 150 Tamils in two 
lifeboats off Canada last 
month, looks like being the 
subject of a legal dispute as to 
which country should lake 
action against him. 

Hamburg police said he had 
charged the Tamils a total of 
DM700,000 (£230,000) to 
smuggle them into Canada on 
the Aurigae. 

In an interview with West 
German radio. Herr Bindel 
denied having had Tamils on 

board, but in a later radio- 
telephone interview with a 
Canadian newspaper appear- 
ed to admit it 

1 1 emerged that at 
the time the Aurigae was 
sailing under the Honduran 
flag and registration. When 
the homeward-bound ship pot 
hi for repairs at Las Palmas, in 
the Canaries, the Honduran 
Government prevailed on the 
Spanish port authorities not to 
allow it to leave. 

Honduras said that by aban- 
doning the Tamils Herr 
Bindel had committed an 

At the weekend Herr Bindel 
arranged with the West Ger- 
man Consul in Las Palmas to 
change back to the West 
German flag. 

The assumption here is this 
was agreed because West Ger- 
many wants him back home 
so that he can face charges. 

But yesterday the West 
German news agency DPA 
reported the Honduran Am- 
bassador in Madrid as saying 
the change to a West German 
flag made no difference, and 
that Honduras was still! 
requesting Spain not to lei the 
ship leave. 

West and 
East join 
to honour 

Stockholm (Reuter) — East 
and West joined Europe’s 
neutral states yesterday in 
honouring the memory of the 
former Finnish President, Dr 
Urho Kekkonen, hailing him 
as one of the founding fathers 
of detente. 

At a solemn session of the 
European disarmament con- 
ference, the delegations of the 
US, Canada and every Euro- 
pean state except Albania 
observed a one-minute silence 
in memory of Dr Kekkonen, 
who died at the weekend after 
.a long illness. 

Dr Kekkonen was one of the 
driving forces behind the first 
European Security Conference 
in 1975 in Helsinki. The 
.meeting set the framework for 
ia whole process of European 
‘co-operation, of which the 
Stockholm talks are an 

Speaking on behalf of the 
Warsaw Pact nations. Czech- 
oslovakia said Dr Kekkonen's 
name would be forever linked 
*to international co-operation 
and called him "a model to us 
all" ... 

Dr Kekkonen is to be given 
a state funeral in Helsinki on 

Lagos flights 

Lagos (Reuter) — British 
Caledonian has suspended 
flights to and from Nigeria, 
one of its main routes, because 
jofa strike by staff in Lagos. 

The airline said strikers at 
Lagos airport had taken part 
in demonstrations and "dis- 
orders” which caused the air- 
line to divert its flights and 
later cancel them. 

Gunmen shoot 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Gun- 
[men have killed former Major 
Abdul Qayyum, once accused 
of plotting to murder the 
Pakistani opposition leader, 
Miss Benazir Bhutto. 

Police said he was shot dead 
by several men armed with 
rifles and pistols as he was 
supervising a village land' 

Airport dear 

Manila (Reuter) — The 
[United States has lifted a 
.warning about safety mea- 
sures at Manila international 
airport, which -it says now fully 
meets security standards. 

Appeal fails 

Singapore (AFP) — The 
Court of Criminal Appeal here 
dismissed a plea by the Malay- 
jsian businessman-politician. 
Tan Koon Swan, to be re- 
leased on bail pending an 
appeal against his two-year 
sentence for abetting an 
unlawful share transaction. 

Next door 

Oslo — Mrs Gro Harlem 
Brand tl and, the Norwegian 
Prime Minister, is to visit her 
Swedish counterpart, Mr Ing- 
var Carisson, in November. 

Wagons roll 

[ Belgrade (Reuter) — Traffic 
started rolling along Albania's 
first railway link with the 
outside world yesterday, when 
an eight-wagoq Hungarian- 
bound freight train left Alba- 
nia and a 20-wagon train left 
Yugoslavia for Albania. 

Train crash 

Lisbon (Reuter) — Twenty- 
one people were injured, one 
seriously, when the Lisbon- 
Oporto express ran into a 
stationary goods train near 
Coimbra 115 miles north of 

Crime beat 

Seoul (AP) — South Korea 
police have arrested 1,182 
people described as gangsters 
and hoodlums since August 
20 . 

Quake drill 

Tokyo (AFP) - More than 
six million people took part in 
mock evacuation, rescue and 
relief operations in Japan to 
practise emergency proce- 
dures in case of a major 

Games boycott 

Tokyo (Reuter) - North 
Korea announced it would 
boyco tt the Asian Games 
opening in Seoul later this 
month. ■ 

Reagan Cabinet man on fraud pha» 

From Christopher Thomas work the comoanv was hired to him*. (mm -m... 

From Christopher Thomas 

To the intense embarrass- 
ment of the Reagan Admin- 
istration, Mr Raymond 
Donovan, the former Labour 
Secretory, and nine others go 
on trial today for allegedly 
defrauding New York City oat 
of $7.4 million (about £5 
million). He is the first Cabi- 
net member in American his- 
tory to have been indicted. 

Mr Donovan was executive 
vice-president of a New Jersey 
construction company when, 
according to the indictment, 
company executives and oth- 
ers defrauded the New York 
City Transit A ut horit y on 

work the company was hired to 
do on a sabway tunnel project 

The indictment alleges that 
they submitted false bills for 
work dene by a (tommy sub- 
contracting firm hi b nildlng 
the 63fd5t tunnel under the 
East River. Mr Donovan's co- 
defendants include Pelligrino 
William “Bflly the Batcher” 
MasseOl a reputed member of 
the Genovese crime fondly. 

Mr Donovan was appointed 
Labour Secretary in 1981 after 
he became a supporter and 
leading frmdkaiser for Mr 
Reagan. He had worked for 
the construction company for 
more titan 20 years. He has 
rallwl the charges politically 
motivated and part of a winds 

Two years later, 
Mr Mario Morula, tl 
District Attorney, Ian 
investigation into the 
tunnel project, uncov« 
cadence that appe 
mdicafe heavy involv 

hunt He resigned from the 
Cabinet in March 1985. 

The trial which will be 
conducted in Bronx State Su- 
preme Court, is expected to 
last several months. 

The investigation which hi 
part, led to the indictments 
began in 1979. The Federal mv 
B ureau of Investigation began a trr r ~ 
a probe into organized am« > dnd&uM?? 
activities in the Bronx m 1982, SEjIISLS * 
code-™™! “TtaDcon”, b3 
foiled to produce any major 

The evidence gathered by 
the FBI was reviewed by a 
federal prosecutor, who deter- 
mined that there was in- 
srffident evidence to link Mr 
Donovan to organized erW 

' >• '4 . uui 

cwmt of grand Ian 

*bat Mr Donovan" 
second in emmin an 
SOUavone Constn 
» Secancns, New 3, 
5 million project 



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US rtiediator will try to 
lure the success 
of Eevnt-Israel sununit 

x . Th 0 e , Israel 1 Prime Finisler, 
Mr Shimon ’eras, tsclosed 
yesterday tha the U Assis- 
tant Secretai r 0 f Site, Mr 
Richard Muphy, is on his 
way io the r gion fr a new 
round of- sh ittle dpiomacy 
between Jerualem, iairo and 

. His visit fc lows • week of 
intense consu laiion between 
Egypt and Joi lan, \iih Presi- 
dent Mubaral of Eypt meet- 
ing King Huiain i Amman 
last week an< theJordanian 
Pnme Mini! er, Mr Zaid 
Rifei, visiliig igypt 0 n 

It was also co firmed yes- 
terday that ir kres’s own 
leading peace mvy, Mr Ezer 
Weizman, waj inEurope for 
discussions vith leaders in 
Bonn and Rone. 

Neither MrWizman’s of- 
fice nor the Prur Minister's 
would speedy *h precise na- 
ture of the missia which, it is 
assumed, is collected with 
the current spe of peace 

Mr Peres tolctfae Knesset 
foreign affairs md defence 
committee yesteday that Mr 
Murphy's mainibject was to 
learn the pos&ns of Israel, 
Jordan and Era before next 
week's summf between Mr 
Peres and Mrftubarak. 

He is alsofrng to resolve 
the continiiig impasse in 
negotiationsfoter Taba, the 
disputed art in the Gulf of 
Aqaba. Israr and Egypt have 
so far beerfsable to agree on 
any one of *e three inter- 

From David Bernstein, Jer usalem 

national arbitrators who will 
judge their respective claims. 

The Israeli Foreign -Min- 
isiry yesterday denied reports 
that one arbitrator had in fad 
been chosen, but said the issue 
could be resolved by the end 
of the week. 

Mr Peres said yesterday that 
Taba will head the agenda in 
his talks with Mr Mubarak, 
adding that the discussions 
would also include bilateral 
relations and the peace 

Mr Peres told the Knesset 
committee that Israel was 
considering several proposals 
to advance the process 
through some form of inter- 
national conference. 

With hardy six weeks left 
before he hands over the 
premiership to Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir next month. Mr Peres 
is dearly intending to achieve 
some kind of diplomatic 
breakthrough, even though be 
has emphasized he will con- 
tinue to devote his efforts to 
advancing the peace process 
when be takes over horn Mr 
Shamir at the Foreign Min- 

He would also apparently 
like to mark up some progress 
before his meeting with Presi- 
dent Reagan. Tins will lake 
place on September 15 in 
Washington, the Prime Min- 
ister's office confirmed yes- 

Afghan rebels attack 
Russian Kabul bases 

Islamabad (AP) — Muslim 
guerrillas attacked Soviet mili- 
tary installations in Kabul 
with rockets at the weekend, 
and up to 100 people died in 
last week's explosion at an 
ammunition depot in the Af- 
ghan capital, diplomatic 
sources said yesterday. 

They said that the rebels 
fired rockets at an anti-aircraft 
missile radar station in the 
Kohe Chebel Gazi Hills, at a 
Soviet military base at Khair, 
and at the Soviet Embassy and 
military headquarters in the 
Darulaman area. 

The sources did not know if 

the attacks caused casualties 
or damage, or how many 
rockets were used. Soviet and 
Afghan military units defend- 
ing Kabul responded by blast- 
ing surrounding hills with 
rockets and artillery fire. 

The sources said that new 
repeats from Kabul indicated 
that between SO and 100 
people were killed last week in 
the explosion that destroyed 
the ammuni tion depot of the 
Afghan Army's 9th Division. 

Earlier, Western diplomatic 
reports had put the number of 
dead from the explosion at no 
more than 40. 

A workhorse of the road turns into a Pegasus 

4 2CV converted into an nitre-lightweight vehicle with wings fixed to its hood and landing gear, taking off from 

Ponce airfield in central Fiance yesterday with its driver-pilot, Claude Lecerf, in the back seat. 

Peking worried by delay on N-plant contract 

Peking (Reuter) — High- 
ranking Chinese officials told 
Hong Kong's Governor. Sir 
Edward Youde, yesterday Pe- 
king was concerned that the 
date for signing contracts for a 
nuclear power plant near the 
colony was not -fixed, dip- 
lomatic sources said. 

Last month Peking was 

presented with a petition with 
signatures from a million 
Hong Kong people opposing 
the plant, to be built at Daya 
Bay 30 miles north of the 

Sir Edward briefed China's 
Deputy Foreign Minister, Mr 
Zhou Nan, on the sentiments 
of Hong Kong people towards 

the proposed nuclear plant. 

“The Chinese side stated 
their concern that the date for 
signing the plant's contracts 
had not been settled,” the 
sources said. 

Businessmen involved in 
the negotiations said the con- 
tracts should be signed in the 
middle of this month. 

“It is just a question of days. 
There are no major problems 
for the contracts or the 
financing,” one businessman 

Western diplomats in Pe- 
king said they did not expect 
China to postpone or cancel 
the plant because of the oppo- 
sition in Hong Kong. 

by Aquino 

From Keith Dalton 

The Aquino Government 
yesterday dropped rebellion . 
charges against an ally of the 
ousted President Marcos and . 
six other leaders of » fn3*“ ■ 
revolt two months ago, after 
they pledged loyalty to the 
phiGppine Republic. 

“It is hoped the Filipino 
people will hearken to Presi- 
dent Aquino's appeal to put 
ttilc matter behind us and 
work for peace and unity,” the 
justice Minister. Mr Neptall 
Gonzales, said. 

The former Foreign Min- 
ister, Mr Arturo Tokntino, 
•nJ six of his political allies 
submitted sworn statements 
which “acknowledge the 
existence” of the Aquino Gov- 
ernment and “forswear the use 
of force and violence” to 

overthrow it. 

The pledge was a com- 
promise solution under which 
the rebel leaders carefully 
avoided pledging allegiance to 
the six-month-old Govern- 
ment which they still m a intai n 

Mr Tokntino swore himself 
in as acting President on July 
6 and with 300 rebel troops 
and thousands of Marcos loy- 
alists established head- 
quarters in tbe luxury Manila 
Hotel for 36 hours on til the 
rebellion collapsed after the 
soldiers' surrender. 

The pro-Marcos soldiers 
were granted presidential 
clemency last month after 
swearing allegiance to tbe 
interim constitution of the 
Aquino Government. 

korea tobacco protest 

Smokescreen for 
anger at US trade 

From David Watts, Seoul 

V K‘ v *• ■ * • 

,V. . ' •' - v r ’ ’ '• • • y'. J V- •- "• ' ..f. -- ’ . 

®®RNB0BOU6 h 

■ v:v ; ■■»■■■■ 

SHOW 1986. 

South Kc-: ins took to the 
streets yest lay, but there 
were no slog is about politics 
or low wage decorating their 
banners. T problem was 
American dj reties. 

For the fi t time since the 
Korean Wi foreign ciga- 
rettes went a sale to the 
public in S ith Korea yes- 
terday. But Dm all the fuss 
anyone woe have thought 
the Yanks b decided 

to |n is'reites throughout 
Korea the piasters were out 
potting in flu two worn about 
what would ppear to he a 
fairly minor i ne. 

Bat in S ft Korea few 
tilings are t cm more seri- 
ously than ic rel a tionshi p 
with the Ux tec Slates and 
trade. ■ . 

It all sprin s fbm the love- 
hate' reiatk sh» Koreans 
have with th Udted States 

and the feet t a lley fed they 
are getting th shot end of the 
trading stick. ! 

Never huih tha Sooth Ko- 
rea sold golds worth $11 
billion (£73 billon) in the 
United States astyear. or that 
this .year tin Sarth Korean 
trade surplus vi* foe US is 
likely to be Ik wen $6 billion 
and $7 bfllfe is a trading 
nation. Sooth |nts feels it-is 
being made to bw np too Cast. 
Did not theftpanese “Ub- 
erafize” imp ri of foreign 
cigarettes onl fart year? 

“We have jeo o 
the Americans til us, 
one Korean- U No' they even 

Others tjilk <) the US 

urging foreigners to go out and 
get cancer with American 
cigarettes while they educate 
everyone at bone to give up 
the habit for health reasons. 

Behind these rather hysteri- 
cal reactions is the feeling 
among some senior Koreans 
that the Americans are busy 
rewriting the Pacific trading 
rules, including urging the 
South Korean Government to 
revalue the won^beawse their 
own position is deteriorating. 

Thus it was no accident that 
yesterday's protests were so 

After tiie placards and street 
campaigning by local tobacco 
producers — “Love Korean 
products”; “Let’s achieve a 
self-reliant economy by using 
domestically made cigarettes’’, 
and the more succinct “Why 
should we smoke foreign 
cigarettes?” — there was no 
rash to the 500 shops which 
began stocking 11 brands of 
foreign, mainly British and 
American, cigarettes. 

But then there was never 

fikely to be. The Imports sen at 
anything op to won M 00 
(about £1.40) a packet, while 
Korean cigarettes sell for worn 

With the avenge Korean 

wage at £300 to £350 a month, 
there is Utile scope in the 
family budget for a fancy 
foreign smoke. 

Ami just in case too many 
people are tempted, the Gov- 
ernment has thoughtfully em- 
blazoned the imports with a 
wanting, in Korean: “Exces- 
sive smoking vriD hurt your 

in Punjab 



were in- 

. days, more 
its are said to 

n encounters 

Three peojrt 
md five police 
juned when 
with police 
district of Pun, 

In the past 
and more lerroj 
have been kill 
with police. . 


another rovers 

Tm to Mr 
5tnjiiSin$h irna ^ y ^g Sl ^ 

Megnwhil pressure on 
Singh Back the 


A kali Gove menu 

Ballot set 
quits army 

From Ahmed Fazl 

The Bangladesh Govern- 
ment yesterday announced a 
presidential election for Octo- 
ber 1 5 as President Ershad, the 
military ruler, retired from th c 
Army and entered politics. 

General Eishad, who joined 

the official Jatiyo Party, toWa 

rally of more than 20.000 
■people in north Dhaka that he 
was embarking on his new 
career after more than 34 
years as a soldier. . 

The election commission 
said that more than 48 mUliqn 
voters would go to the polls in 
the counuv's third presiden- 
tial election since it won its 
indejiendence from Pakistan 

m Officials said that General 
Ershad. who is 56. will an- 
nounce himself us a candidate 

on Tuesday. , , 

° The general seized power in 

a coup m March 1982, promis-- 

ing to return the country to 

democracy after twe years. 

Bui he changed his plans 
and delayed pariiamemary 
elections until Iasi May, when 
his party won a majority. 

A leader in safety. With the reliability of 
r l lfl l . .. three engines and their associated systems, 

nboroueh air show. A leader in optimization , the word to with the famous Falcon control system and 

Recoznized as the leader by aviation experts express an unceasing quest for efficiency, the flying qualities that plots appreciate in evary 

who flew it, the Falcon 900 is not a project any Falcon 900 is optimized not maximized. Thus, flying condition, the Falcon 900 embodies the 1 

more: it flies... and production follows on. takingoffforitsmaximUmtrip,theFaIcon900 solid strength of goodengineering. 

A leader in comfort, the Falcon 900 sets will weigh 21.000 kilogrammes, itf tons less Aerodynamics, flying features, quality of 
n,w standards in the balance of cabin proper- than Its competitor, yes... one third less engineering issued from wide and far reaching, 

tions, volume, light and silence. The degree of weight. Efficiency is also in the modern sys- experience, for availability, every feaJ 

engineering knowhow applied to the mosttri- terns in ever more reliable and thrifty Garrett ture qualifies the new teader in the world of? 

vial elements of comfort Is astonishing. engines. It is also in a degree of maintainability business aviation. The Famborough air show; 

never reached before- this year offers you a chance of meeting the 

September 1986, the world of business the speed of sound but proved it can fly at 
aviation meets its leader, the Falcon 900, at the *94 Mach. 

I Famborough air show 

naii uovep— — r“ , • a | A leader in performance, the Falcon 900 is 

rompers m beacn not not only allowing ample interconti- 

1 on Pro Surfing champion: | nenta | range, it also has the lowest 

approach speed and the highest speed 
limit. It may cruise at 0,85 times 

w. Pro Surfing Champion- 

( ^Wi »r«o««P 4 S Angel^ which drew about 
100.000 people. 

Stones and bottles were 
hurled at police* who were 
5 S 3 by Se teenagers into 
fireguard headquarters. Two 

officers had minor injuries. .43 

an* hfeguard’s Jeep 
rab^ichS when naked 

^fSMG'houra to bring 
!l took poptrol on 

te not p der m , began 
unday, riice 

.Business takes off wfth Falcon. 

Falcon 900. A business meeting to be 
given high priority in your schedule... 

Dassault International 

chalet 1 - 4 row C / stand NE 5-2 

jjTup for the 




Patronizing, out of touch, and yet. . . 

• The 6.2 million Britons aged 18 to 
25 constitute 15 per cent of the elec- 
torate. They have reached voting age 
since 1979. when Mrs Thatcher came 
to Downing Street, and they have 
the electoral power to decide whether 
she stays there for a third term. Yet, 
as yesterday's first part of the 
Tumss/MORI poll showed, two 
thirds of them are politically apathetic, 
to the extent that they may not even 
'vote next tune. 

• Today we identify some of the 
•causes of this apathy. The poll shows 
that a high percentage of these 
young people only feel strongly about 
the part)' leaders on negative mat- 
ters. Sixty percent, for example, think 
Mrs Thatcher talks down to people, 
and there is a marked personal aver- 
sion to the Prime Minister in other 
areas. (She at least attracts strong 
opinions — the highest ‘'rating” for 
any of the other leaders was the 36 per 

cent who thought Neil Kinnock 
“down to earth”.) 

• WhOe MORI (Market & Opinion 
Research International) was conduct- 
ing the poll, discussion groups met 

in three Tory marginal seats: Bath, 
Elmet (a Leeds suburb) and Notting- 
ham North — all constituencies that 
would be among the first to go in a 
general election that unseated Mrs 
Thatcher. Again, the words backed 
up the figures with strongly- 
expressed views about the Prime 
Minister, less so the other party 

• This antipathy, and the big La- 
bour lead among those who say they 
wfli vote, is not necessarily good 
news for Mr Kinnock, whom only 9 per 
cent thought would be “good in a 
crisis against 32 per cent for Mrs 
Thatcher. He needs half of the 6.2 
milli on young votes; on the basis of this 
poll, he can counton only one-sixth. 


T wo feelings emerge 
as by for the most 
strongly held 
throughout the 
77 /hcs/MQRI sur- 
vey of the attitudes of 
“Thatcher's children” For 
different reasons both will be 
. of interest to the Conservative 

Yesterday we revealed the 
willingness of an overwhelm- 
ing majority of these young 
adults (76 percent) to move to 
another area to get a job if they 
were unemployed. 

The other key point is their 
aversion to Margaret Thatcher 
herself Their response to a 
series of statements about the 
party leaders (see chart) tells 
its own story. The highest 
rating for any political leader 
against any attribute is the 61 
per cent who think that the 
Prime Minister is out of touch 
with young people. 

It is closely followed by 60 
per cent who think that 
Thatcher talks down to peo- 
ple. and 56 per cent who feel 
she is out of touch with 
ordinary people. Not far be- 
hind are 45 per cent who feel 
that she is narrow-minded. 

The intensity of these feel- 
ings towards Thatcher can be 
inferred from the fact that the 
highest rating any of the other 
three political leaders receives 
on any image attribute is the 
36 per cent who think Mr 
Kinnock down to earth. Most 
strikingly, whereas only 5 per 
cent have no opinion on Mrs 
Thatcher, the other party lead- 
ers drew blanks at the rate 15 
per cent (Kinnock). 36 per 
cent (Steel) and 42 per cent 
(Dr Owen). 

Two conclusions can be 
drawn: with the young people 
who have come of age since 
she came to power. Thatcher 
has the most unfavourable 
image: she also has the stron- 
gest image. 

This double vision of the 
Prime Minister was clearly 
reflected in the discussion 
groups and it was fascinating 
to watch how the same people 
might take her universally- 
perceived main attribute — 
strength - favourably or 
unfavourably, depending on 
the way or the circumstances 
in which the strength was seen 
to be exercised. 

There are ambivalent feel- 
ings in many of “Thatcher's 
children" about the woman 
who has so dominated their 
adult political lives. Strong 
personal dislike is sometimes 
mixed with reluctant 

Talking intensively to these 
young people, the impression 
at the end was of a perverse 
fascination with someone who 
was fell to be alien and 
unsympathetic, the mes- 
merized quality of the rabbit 
watching the stoat. 

This is Theresa Herbert 



electorate towards the mine 
Minister, and the one her 
manner arouses is by for the 
most common. The Thatcher 
lone is felt to be haughty, 
hectoring or both, and it gives 
rise to an infuriated irritation 
even among her potential 

Listen to 18 year-old Helen 
Prichard from Bath, a girl just 
going back to school to retake 
A levels. She comes from an 
expensive residential part of 
the city, displays typical Tory 
attitudes on a number of 
issues, and asserts that she is 
not going to vote for Kinnock 
"just because he seems a nice 

She adds:"! don't like her 
because of . . . the women she 
is. the way she comes over to 
me. She’s in power, there's 
nobody near her. she’s the 
bcsL She doesn't ever seem to 

H elen Prichard 
says: “Neil 

Kinnock comes 
over as a nice 
bloke. I think it's 
his mannerisms, and the way 
he's on the same level and he’s 
ready to have a laugh with 
typical ordinary people. I 
don't think Margaret Thatcher 
ever would.” 

MORI’s poll echoes her 
feelings, because 36 per cent 
think Kinnock is down-to- 
earth, as opposed to 9 per cent 
forThatchen 30 percent think 
he understands the problems 
facing Britain ( 14 per cent): 28 
per cent think he has lots of 
personality ( 1 7 per cem); and 
25 per cent think he is more 
honest than most politicians 
(11 percent). 

In terms of leadership 
potential he is almost level 
pegging: 28 per cent see him as 

B5333SE55! I 

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■ : j ■ KOAM ■ ALIKT :I. 
• BLOCK . B KQWEB ,;i| 

OOQ ! 




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A capable leader 

Good In a crisis 

Understands world problems 

Tends to tafc down to people 
Rather narrow-minded 

Too flexible 

Has sound judgement 

Mob honest than most politicians 


Understands the problems facing Britain 

Down to earth 

Has a lot of personality 

Rather inexperienced 

Out of touch with ordinary people 
Out of touch wtth young people 

No opinion 

listen to anybody else, she 
looks down on people. Its not 
because of what she’s doing, 
it’s the whole way she puts 
\ herself over. 

X “| would call her a snob, I 

think.” . . . (pondering) . . . 
“She reminds me of some of 
the teachers in a way, from 
when I was low down at 
school and you were a little 
kid. and you got stuck into 
line, and this is ME, you 
know, this big person up here 
talking to you . . .” 

The other kind of hostility is 
the mixture of resentment, 
Q contempt and real hatred 

r€trt£ expressed towards what 

rpi j Thatcher is seen as standing 

1 11C VOUng ana for. It is the emotion com- 

J monly to be witnessed at 

me politicians political demonstrations of 

ihe Left, but was very much 
less in evidence a! the dis- 
How would you vote if cussion groups than might 
there were a General have been expected. 

Election tomorrow? That it was so seldom heard 

may shed some light on the 

Conservative 25 political implications of the 

Labour 49 massive youthful antipathy to 

Liberal/SDP Alliance.... !..22 the Prime Minister recorded 

Other 4 th e poll. H would seem that 

„ the irritation caused by her 

Base: those who expressed personality, predominant 
an intention to vote though it is. may not preclude 

■■■■■■■ HI support on polling day, 

• These are two opinions in 
from Bath. 18. unemployed. Nottingham, expressed within 
who comes from a Labour- a fcw seconds of each other, 
voting family and may well Karen BramhalL a bakery 
vote Labour herself, taking supervisor, aged 20: “I don’t 
exception to the Thatcher like her. I admire her.” Joanne 
manner “She makes me so Wooion. a lace worker, aged 
mad sometimes 1 just walk of j 8; -j can’t stand the sight of 
the room, or turn the tele- her. but her politics are quite 
vision down, because she just good . 1 think it’s good how 
gets up my nose so much. she's kept things steady.” 

But she had originally said. If Thatcher can discount 
when asked for her first im- poliiically some of the irrita- 
pn»sions.fivemmu(esearIier t ion she arouses in young 
“She s very powerful voters, dearly a crucial ques- 
woman. ti on j s whether the Labour 

A nice woman. leader can perform the op- 

“l couldn t say that I hated posiie trick and turn the 
her. I mean, she helped our affection many of the new 
counliy win the Falkland? voters feel into solid political 
back, didn t she. support. For they do indeed 

There are two distinct kinds ^ Kinnock as a good guy. 
of hostility among the young 



Keeps Its premises 
Understands the problems facing Britain 

■i aipiwsi 

Represents all classes 

Looks after the interests of people nke us 

•' ****** j 


M J vx-. • . ::v.v.- . '-***■•: ■••• • •• ■ 'y<y- 

KEj M 


mmtnt's MA 

Concerned about people in real need In Britain 

Has a good team of leaders 



Will promise anything to win votes 

'v ♦. ; zgM, ;• 

Out of touch with ordinary people 


Has sensible policies 


Dominated by its leader 


Professional in Its approach 



Can be trusted to keep Britain safe 

Don’t know 




30 1 



a capable leader, only i 
percentage point below the 
Prime Minister’s rating, which 
might be interpreted as the 
fading of the Falklands factor 
with young voters. 

Kinnock may take further 
encouragement in the table of 
party support among those 
who expressed the intention to 
vote: 49 per cent said they 
were inclined to support the 
Labour party, compared with 

Tory 25 per cent) and Alliance 
(22 per cent). 

But it is a long way from 
that chart to getting half of the 
6.2 million of “Thatcher’s 
children” to vote Labour next 
time round. Only 34 per cent 
of them say they are certain to 
vote, and only half of these are 
Labour voters, so the support 
Kinnock can presently rely on 
is more like one sixth: about I 
million. And his image with 

Thatcher's children is by no 
means all positive. 

If the Prime Minister is 
perceived by them as un- 
pleasant but strong, the Oppo- 
sition leader is sometimes 
seen in precisely the opposite 
way: amiable but weak, often 
by comparison. 

This is hinted at in the poll: 
only 9 per cem feel he would 
be good in a crisis, compared 
to Thatcher’s 32 per cent. In 

the discussion groups, the 
feeling emerged with even 
greater clarity. 

Brett Grimshaw, an un- 
employed 23-year-old from 
Garforth near Leeds, is the 
sort of voter Labour might 
expect to have in the bag 
already. He says: “Thatcher 
gels stick for this, but at least 
she comes across in the media 
as being dynamic and forceful 
and in charge. Nobody hears 

about Kinno — he’s just not 
dynamic en igh. The only 
thing he's ev done is fall on 
his backside. 

The overri ng impression 
from talking 0 these young 
people about olitical leaders 
was their 31 reness of the 
Thatcher pen laliiy, exciting 
responses with cut across 
stereotypes sd providing 
support for l Prime Min- 
ister from tfMunlikeliesi of 

MicheJl Burovs, aged 18. 
from Garforth. aid of hen “I 
like her a lot. Sheakes a lot of 
knocks because ae stands by 
her decisions. Jut she stands 
by her decisios and carries 
them through.’ 

Michel I care 10 the dis- 
cussion in blac leathers and 
enough metal draped about 
her person to stria scrapyard. 
She had threecast-iron cru- 
cifixes in her le ear and a belt 
made out of machine-gun 
bullets, and hr hair was a 
foot-high sp:ey pyramid. 

The Labour Party hasn’t 
won the punk vte yet 


The survey wt carried out 
among a reprmtaiive sam- 
ple qf607 respodents aged IS 
to 24, at 50 stnpling points 
between Augusts and 27. 

^She takes a lot of 
knocks because she 
stands by decisions* 

Mlchell Burrows 

^Kinnock comes 
over as being, 

a nice bloke 9 

^At least she cones 
across in the fredia 
as being in charged 

Tomorrow: Political apathy among the young — why they are whatlhey are 

-f . -w gift store at the bottom and an 

Best of both worlds ssssss* 

at a similar funfair hii mhiH 
near Richmond. Virginia, and 
in versions wherever the image 
of Fiance is evoked. 

For those tempted to visit 
Europe more for the culture 
than the sights, America can 
offer everything from 
Micbaelangelo’s “David” 
(Caesar’s Palace in Atlantic 
City, the museum of art in 

Saratoga or Sioux Falls, South 

Colonel Gaddafi's grim warn- 
ing is likely to inhibit even 
more Americans about leaving 
their home patch and explor- 
ing the tourist traps of Europe 
in search of history and 

But while much of Europe 
will bemoan a farther slump in 
the planeloads of free-spend- 
ers, Americans have discov- 
ered that they don't need to go 
abroad to see the sights. 

Attractions tike London 
Bridge, Stonehenge, the Eiffel 
Tower and the Pyramids can 
all be found in America. And 
who cares if they are not 
always the original version? 
The natives speak English and 
a friendly McDonald's ham- 
burger bar fa never fir away. 

u Come on over and see 
Europe” the American pub- 
licity proclaims as the camera 
pans across quaint gabled 
booses with beer-swiffing 
folks in lederhosen, tulips 
blooming against a back- 
ground of canals and wind- 
mills, and the yeomen of the 
guard parading in front of the 

Yon don't need to fly 
through terrorist-infested 
skies to eqjoy old-world cul- 
ture: just make your way to 
Busch Gardens, a brewery 
promotion playground a 
stone's throw from where the 
first settles landed in Vir- 
ginia, offering fan for the 
whole family. 4* 

Americans are 
discovering the 

import of history 

“David” statue in Saratoga 

America aims to provide it 
biggs-, betlm and with air- 
conditioning. And though T S 
Eliot may have claimed that 
culture is the one thing we 
cannot deliberately aim at, if 
you want to see Shakespeare 
at the Globe Theatre you will 
bare to travel to Odessa, 
Texas (at least until a copy of 
the copy is bnilt at the origin* 1 
site In Southwark). 

The United States is very 
much a new England. There 

are two Stonehenges: one in 
North Satan, New Hamp- 
shire, and another in Mary 
H3L Washington state, which 
even manages without the 
barbed wire m keep Druids 

The Queen Mary, for so 
long the pride of the Canard 
line, now wallows in happy 
retirement ajt Long Beach. 
California. Cleopatra’s barge 
is berthed amid the gamblers 
of Las Vegas, while her Nee- 
dle has taken up residence In 
New York. And perhaps most 
famous of ' all, the original 
London Bridge now spans an 
artificial pond in the Arizona’ 

With so many Irish Ameri- 
cans, it’s inevitable that there 
are a few chips off the old 
Blarney stone. Tadtnrn Irish- 
men can be transformed by a 
visit to Sh a mr ock, Texas or 
the Irish Hills, Michigan. 
Mike Wilkins, author of 
Roadside America, recom- 
mends the latter because of ito 
proximity to the Michigan 
international speedway and 
the prehistoric dinosaur park. 

With the American lore of 
skyscrapers, it's no surprise to 
find that famous towers figure 
everywhere in their estimation 
Of historical highlqihn A 
half-scale model of the well- 
known edifice at Pisa, com- 
plete with Jean, is precariously 
balanced outside the YMCA 
in Niles, Illinois. There is a 

Dakotas to “The Las 
SBpper”jtdnding copies i 
8»rd reds and hotter!! 

With sch a wealth c 
wonders ahost on their dom 
steps, it isjoing to be hards 
than ever 1 persuade Ameri 
cans to ris life and finib i 
dangerous id Europe. An 
who knows, historic Americ 
may even atact the Emopeai 
tourists, lur! by “improved 1 
versions of tdr heritage. 

Micael Binyoo 



1 On fire (6) 

S Newborn child (4) 

8 Gangway (5) 

9 Past occurrences (7) 
II Dwelling place (8) 

13 Mountain pool (4) 

15 Unfair punishment * 


17 Dominate (4) 

18 Arab leader’s area (8) 

21 Immoderate (7) 

22 Nutria (S) 

23 Fur(4) 

24 Crowd (6) 


2 Twig broom (5) 

3 UnretunuHe serve 

4 Decoration (13) 

5 Oxford trousers (4) 

6 Bangladeshi (71 

7 Variety show (10) 

10 Ofsamcnamc(lO) 

W Sex*- member (5) 
20 Jauy(4) 

22 v >ous mongrel (3 

12 Loop (4) 

*4 Indian dress (4) 

M Chuckle (7) 


ACROSS: I Timed 4 Icterus 8 Renew 9 nin, ..n,. 

Dice 13 Moulin-Rouge 17 Else is 36 ftfei n 

Osier 23 Aseptic 24Efegy *®«*P«* 21 Born* 22 

DOWN: ITnrfps 2 Manic 3 Downfall a _ 

‘SSFJSr ,2 ‘^ pbotc 



>- V,S 

J • 

rt r \ 

FASHION by Suzy Menkes 



P aloma; Picasso is Tier 
father's daughter. 
Her exotic jcwelleTy 
designs are splashed 
... ,n coloured stones 
nkc paint on canvas. “But. I 
don't want what I do to be 
considered, as an". -Paloma 
wys firmly. "1 am hoi going to 
be m competition with my 

This month, '-Paloma ta kes 
centre stage in London as she 
launches her own perfume; 
next week she attends the 
exhibition of Pablo Picasso's 
intimate sketchbooks; and her 
dramatic jewels will soon be 
on sale at the nesy Bond Street 
branch ofTiflariy... 

Breakfast at . Paloma's 
would be in her. elegant apart- 
ment filled with . bronzes. 
Lunch looks like- a film set. 
She sits in a geranium-filled 
courtyard, under a scarlet 
parasol in a lipstick-red linen 
jacket, her lips, vermilion 
against pale skin. 

“1 like the linear thing of 
having dark eyes and a red 
mouth against a white face", 
she says. “1 avoid the sun. And 
1 like my clothes to be like 
drawings — very clean and 

H er colouring and 
her. passion for 
dressing in. scarlet 
and black seem 
Spanish, but she 
thinks of herself as French. 
She was brought up in the 
South of France by her 
mother, the artist Francoise 
Cilou She recalls her father's 
home, with a merry laugh, as 

"He was always working on 
a new thing. There were waves 
of ceramics, sculptures, can- 
vases. We never knew how the 
house was going to look. It was . 
always changing." Her home 
now is jn New York where she 
lives with her Argentinian- 
born husband Rafael Lopez 
Sanchez, a playwright and 
director for whom Paloma has 
designed siagt-cosumies. . 

Since .1980 ^.career, has 
been at Tiffany, where she ' 
creates bold jewellery with 
colourful gemsi There are gold . 
bauble earrings made in deli- 
cate spirals or set with pin- 
points of diamonds: a cab- 
ochon amethyst blooming like 
a wistaria flower in gold: a 
smooth bracelet sculpted out 
of silver/ : • 

“In the 1960s people would 
talk about sculptures to wear", 
she says, "I think that’s the 
wrong way to go about it My 
jewellery ■ is ■ al| designed 
around the idea of a woman 
who will wear it. ?Part of the 
appeal of jewellery is as a 
talisman. It should be nice to 
touch." ’ , 

Colour is as important to 
her jewellery as it is to her life. 
Her inspiration comes from, 
the stones themselves. 1 she 
says, holding out a strong 
hand with stubby fingere to 
show me how her jewellery 
career 1 was launched with a 
ring mixing a pink nibilite and 
a pale blue sapphire; “Not my 
colours but somewhere out 
there is a blonde who can wear 

Inspiration domes also from 
architectural 'details, especial- 
ly in Italy where she has been 
spending her. summer hdi- 
davs in a frescoed palazzo 
outside Venice. “Sometimes 
vou carry designs in you for a 
number of years like a linger- 
ing dream”, she says. “But my 
jewellery is about shape. coL 

The famous name 
of Picasso is now 
brightening up the 
worlds of perfume 
and jewellery 

our and proportion, rather 
than telling a story." 

Paloma Picasso is 37. It is 
nearly 20 years since she 
graduated from a jewellery 
design course at Namcnrc and 
left ncr tabic at La Coupole to 
ask her friend Yves Saint 
Laurent how to cost her 
designs. The jewels went on 
sale in the Saint Laurent 
boutiques and Paloma has 
been faithful to him in her 

With the flair of someone 
who is consistently on the 
best-dressed list and reached a 
number one three years ago. 
she picked from Saint Laur- 
ent's new collection a graphic 
black and white houndsiootb 
check suit, a black crepe dress 
with a scarlet satin bow at its 
boat neck, topped by a black 
veiled hat 

"I like the clean line of the 
hat", she says. "I like the idea 
of my clothes standing up on 
their own like architecture. I 
don't ' like chiffon and soft 
fabrics. I wear a lot of black 
and red and I regard wearing a 
pate colour as a challenge." 
This she says with a broad 
smile that suggests she' does 
not take her fashion solemnly. 
Other favoured designers are 
Chanel and Alaia. 

The launch of a Paloma 
Picasso perfume is recognition 
of her strong personal style 
and international standing. It 
comes m a glass globe contain- 
ing golden liquid- and embed- 
ded in a circle of frosted glass. 
It looks like the Russian 
amber beads she has made up 
into a Tiffany necklace, or the 
tactile cabochon gems sunk in 
her miniature evening bags. 

"The aesthetic part I felt 
rather sure of from the 
beginning", she says. "I am 
very happy with the fragrance, 
too. Wc saw a lot of com- 
panies until wc found one that 
was sympathetic.. J thought 
that if they were going to use 
me and my namc.1 wanted to 
do something that would ex- 
press my personality." 

T he fragrance is from 
the perfume com- 
pany I'OrcaL Its 
packaging, in keep- 
ing -with Paloma’s 
image, is scarlet and black. 
The scent itself is fresh, floral 
and woody. "It has quite a 
masculine feeling", she ex- 
plains. "For years I used a 
man's cologne in the summer, 
now I can use my own." 

Paloma Picasso's perfume 
also has a family twist She 
was "raised by two artists". 
Bui the femity business on her 
mother's side was perfumery 
and she remembers vividly 
standing as a child under the 
Parfums Gilot sign. 

"That jvas more real to me 
in many ways than being 
Picasso's daughter", she says. 
"I suppose it was nearer to 
other people's experience." 

Paloma's name symbolizes 
the dove of peace which Pablo 
Picasso designed in the year of 
her birth for the World Con- 
of Peace. After her 
ithcr's death, in 1973. she 

devoted her energies to setting 
up the Music Picasso in Paris, 
which houses a display of his 
many artistic disciplines. 

“It's like one of the houses 
wc had", she says. "The things 
look as though they belong 

Paloma was also instr- 
umental in encouraging the 
public display of her father's 
sketchbooks, first in New 
York and now in London; The 
jottings are domestic, filled 
with homely details of time 
and place, rather than car- 
toons for the great canvases: 

"I think it is important to 
give a human side to Picasso", 
she says. “He has become so 
famous, he is almost in- 
human. People think immedi- 
ately of *Guemica' and the 
'Demoiselles d'Avignon'. 
They forget the human side." 

• Ti m (fany as 25 Old Band 
Suva from Septan her 19 will 
show Paloma Picasso's 
jewellery: precious stones set 
in gold and silver. 

• The Picasso, sketchbooks 
areas she Royal Academy 
from September 1 1. 

Faithful in fashion to her friend Yves Saint Laurent, Paloma 
Picasso wears his verm^ron satin boat-neck bow on black 
cnBpe dress, and black hat with silk veiling. Spir 

earrings by Paloma Picasso forTrffany 





British mens wear designers 
are walking tall — after a 
triumphant debut for their new 
high fashion show in London. 
For three days, leading mens- 
wear designers are playing 
host for the first time to 
international buyers, in ad- 
vance of the French men's 
fashion fair SEHM next 

Yesterday designers showed 
their elegant and ebullient 
dothes. Three major trends 
emerged: the return of the suit 
for a new generation; jackets 
ultra long, very short or Nor- 
folk shaped; die use of soft 
fabrics, especially jersey for 
trousers and shorts. 

The suit is the big story 
from Roger Dack at Franklyu, 
one of the co-founders of the 
English Menswear Designer 
collections, which have given 
birth to the new Designer 
Menswear Show. Square-cot 
jackets and high-rise trousers 
give style to his suits; inventive 


Roger Dack's heavy slub 
wool suit, jacket £90, 
trousers. £55. ViyeKa shirt, 
£55 from Serge, Kings 
Road, SW3; Rex, The 
Trocadero. SW1; Smiths, 
Edinburgh; Occi, Leeds 

The silhouette 
is large 
and generous 


I ... : s , ^ ^ 

Above loft: Love and kisses design for a silver brooch, 
designed by Paloma Picasso tor Tiffany 

Above right The strong graphic design of Paloma Picasso's 
jewellery is carried through to the design for her perfume 
bottle, a glass globe embedded in a circle of glass 

fabrics, using checks, stubs 
and a cocktail of subtle colour, 
gives twist. 

The designer silhouette is 
large and generous, for Nigel 
Preston's sand beige duster 
coats. Charlie Allen's checked 
Showboat suits and Nigel 
Ca bourn's rough wear drill 
jackets and khaki blousons. 

Closer to the body comes the 
crisp matelot look. The short 
cotton drill mess jacket, 
shaped in to the waist, was 
given a touch of humour by 
John Bellwood with Chanel- 
inspired gilt buttons. 
Artwork's navy lark meant 
lifebelt patterned sweaters or 
rope-printed boxer shorts. 

The British sense of fun 
brought In too the urban 
cowboy, dressed by Stephen 
King in long fitted jacket and 
cowboy shirts mixing ticking 
and pinstripes. 

Dresswell, organizers of the 
Designer Menswear Show, 
deliberately Cased with the- 
American busying houses to get 
the dates and the content of 
the new show right for the 
trade customers. . Fabrics and 
prints are especially strong 
with bold patterns from The 
Cloth, mosaic prints from 
David Edgell and glazed lin- 
ens from Paul Costelloe. 

High fashion's man, 
dressed for a British summer 
in a tailored shorts suit, 
expresses the spirit of op- 
timism that makes this a new 
and exciting addition to 
London's fashion calendar. 

Designer Menswear Show at 
The Commonwealth Institute, 
Kensington High Street WJl. 
today until 6.0pm, trade only. 

Stephen King's over-sized 
spot and check suit jacket 
£200, trousers. £90. shirt 
£65 from his shop at 315 
Kings Road,SW3; 
Gilmores, Glasgow and 
Punch, Watford 

Ally Capellino's blue and 
grey flecked baggy suit, 
acket £162, trousers £92, 
iyella patterned shirt £89 
all from a selection at 
Dickins and Jones, Regent 
Street, W1 


Linear red and black: 
Paloma Picasso wears a 
sharply fitted tailored tweed 
suit andsoft blouse, 
graphic hat AH by Yves 
Saint Laurent 

Paloma Picasso: Mon 
Parfum from £40, Eau de 
Parfum from £19.95. At 
Harrods, Harvey Nichols, 
Se [fridges and good 
provincial stores 

Photographs: HARRY KERR 
Hair. Christophs Carte 
Make-up; Patricia for Carte 








Fifty signs that your husband 
is cutting loose 






Out Now *£ 1.80 .. 



on Sotheby’s for a 
better price 

A 19lh century turquoise and diamond spray brooch 
to be sold In London on 9th Octobec 
Estimate £6JM0-£&00D. 

Antique and Modern Jewellery 
is now being accepted for our 
r Christmas Sale. 

If you are thinking of selling, 

•. David Bennett, Director of Sotheby's 
Jewellery Department in London 
will give you an expert appraisal, 
completely free of charge. 

Please write or telephone for our brochure 
"Jewellery at Sotheby's" and details of 
when our experts will be visiting your area. 


Claire Parka; Jewellery Department; 
34-35 New Bond Street; London W1A 2AA. 
Telephone: 01-493 8210. 


V . FOUNDED 1744 


The Dunhill Millennium. Behind the sapphire glass is a classic face, 
which has been meticulously enamelled and highly polished to give a deep 
and brilliant lustre. It is available at £425. 

Visit Dunhill in London ac Duke Snwt.St.Jame?s. Burlington Arcade 
and a: Ham>Js, Sdiridpes and Harvey Nichols. 






Bad blood between British 
publishers lighting the piracy of 
our books in Asia, and Alan 
Donald, the British ambassador to 
Indonesia. After a delegation of 
top bookmen to the Far East the 
Publishers' Association has writ- 
ten to the Foreign Office 
complaining about his attitude. 
The gist of the missive is that 
Donald, instead of taking action to 
stem illegal book-copying, which 
costs our industry £80 million a 
year worldwide, has resigned him- 
self io (hat fact that nothing can be 
done and that any direct pressure 
on the Indonesians to change their 
copyright law Mould only, (o use 
his words, “run into sand". The 
letter adds that during a briefing to 
the delegation the ambassador 
expressed sympathy for the Indo- 
nesians, on the grounds that 
pirated books are often the only 
alternative for students who can- 
not afford the legitimate product 
The FO confirms that it has 
received the letter, but describes 
the allegations as “a distortion", 
adding that Donald, who is on 
leave in (he UK. “does not 
endorse that version of events”. 

King’s reach 

Senior staff at the BBC were 
startled when they arrived at work 
yesterday to find invitations wait- 
ing for them from Lord King, 
reported to be Mrs Thatcher's 
candidate to become chairman of 
the BBC governors in succession 
to Stuart Young, who died last 
Thursday. The invitation is to a 
reception at the Conservative 
Party conference in Bournemouth 
next month, and is from King in 
his capacity aa chairman of British 
Airways. The timing makes it 
seem alarmingly fast work, but 
BA. with privatization looming, 
has special reasons to be lobbying 
Tories and media men. It would 
be uncharitable to look for any 
other explanation. 

Trade sanctions 

Trade unionists at Brighton wilt 
hunt in vain for the memoirs of 
Jack Jones, the former Transport 
and General Workers' leader, 
carefully published yesterday to 
coincide with the conference. 
TUC organizers told him that 
space at the conference centre is so 
limited that they cannot find room 
for him to set out his stall for 
Union Man. A work on the 
Tolpudtfle martyrs has been simi- 
larly frustrated. Indeed, so great is 
the dampdown on the least sign of 
private enterprise that the Na- 
tional Graphical Association’s 
application to market Wapping 
memorabilia was rejected. Collec- 
tors of mouldering mementoes of 
the Thatcher years have to make 
do with GCHQ T-shirts, badges 
and pens, cl 984. 

Rock salt 

The Gibraltar Annual . a business 
guide to the Rock launched this 
week by a publishing group called 
Moving Hand and carrying an 
introduction by Sir Joshua 
Hassan. chief minister of Gibral- 
tar. has caused embarrassment in 
the stiff upper circles of the 
military staff there. An article, 
which was in feci written a year 
ago by the governor’s military 
assistant. Commander Michael 
Clarke, introduces tourists to the 
garrison by referring to the smart 
guard they will sec on duty as they 
pass through the frontier. As most 
Rock-watchers will know, the 
recent removal of this guard is a 
matter of great controversy there. 

• The Italians know how to 
honour their heroes. The Ar- 
gentine star of Naples football 
Diego Maradona, has bad his 
name given to an orange-and- 
lemon flavoured ke cream. Handle ’ 
with care. 

Royal tour 

The first stop for visitors to 
Framlingham. the quaint Suffolk 
village near Aldcburgh. is the 
Green Room. The folksy little 
! shop, which specializes in an- 
tiques and exotic textiles, is owned 
. by Janet Shand-Kydd. mother of 
Princess Diana's stepbrothers. 
Johnny and the fledgling novelist 
Adam. Though in recent weeks 
(rippers have found the shop 
dosed, their fantasies of a lifestyle 
touched by royalty have remained 
iniarL A notice on the window, 
festooned with Indian carpets and 
dried opium poppies, announces; 
“Off on the Orient Express. Back 
on September 8." Yesterday, I 
pressed Johnny, who works for the 
Fine An Society, for further 
details of his mother’s romantic 
trek. “I'm afraid it's all a 
gimmick." he confessed. “She's 
staving the other side of Wood- 
bridgp.” More family fiction. 

Pearl fisher 

There beingan V in the month, it 
is oyster season again, so where 
should 1 find myself yesterday but 
in Bentley's Oyster Bar in Picca- 
dilly, sampling the best on offer 
from Ireland's Galway coast and 
Dorset's Poole harbour. A raffle 
for die RNLI. whose boats have to 
rescue oyster fisherman in dis- 
tress, raised a welcome £250. 
Unfortunately, as Gina Msyendie. 
chairman of the local committee 
of the institute. . delivered her 
speech, a tottering wine waiter 
stumbled and poured the best pan 
of a bottle of champagne down her 
side- At which point some wag at 
the back of the room shouted: “Is 
she the next lifeboat?" Cham- 
pagne and oysters were always a 
dangerous combination. 

1 PHS 

All this summer, thousands of 
Japanese visitors have been 
crowding their museums to look at 
a travelling exhibition of Henry 
Moore's sculptures and drawings. 
It is a phenomenon that is 
repeated wherever Moore's work 
is shown, and not only in such 
obvious centres as London. Paris, 
New York. Madrid and Florence, 
but in Latin America and in 
eastern Europe as well as in the 
Far East. Apart from Picasso, no 
living artist has ever had such 
adulation, certainly no sculptor. 
How is it to be explained? 

It is not as if sculpture is an easy 
art to appreciate, or to practise for 
(hat matter. But. there is some- 
thing fundamental about the 
sculptured object, which from 
cavc-d welling times onwards has 
frequently been regarded with awe 
and veneration. Sculpture exists in 
our world, and relates directly to 
us. It is there not to be explained, 
but to be worshipped as something 
that encapsulates a significance 
much greater than its physical 
presence. “Sculpture has a life of 
its own," Moore would say. 

As a student Moore was quick 
to respond to the special qualities 
of prehistoric and primitive sculp- 
ture. He always had a strong sense 
of the continuity of a great 
sculptural tradition which led 
through the Egyptians and the 
Greeks to the masters of the 
Middle Ages and to Michelangelo 
and Rodin. He came increasingly 
to feel that he was the natural heir 
and representative of that tra- 

He knew instinctively that he 
had first to forge his personal 
language, and during the 1930s 
that is what he did. Though he 
rarely abandoned the figure al- 
together. he was prepared to 
abstract and distort in the search 
for a greater expressiveness. Mak- 
ing holes through the figure, for 
example, was a way of introducing 

Art and an 
artist worthy 
of worship 

by Alan Bowness 

concavities (hat could be set off 
against the more natural, rounded 
shapes of sculpture. No anist has 
ever acquired such total mastery 
of three-dimensional form. 

Although the more experi- 
mental work of the Thirties is 
probably Moore's greatest 
contribution to sculpture, it was 
during the war years that he found 
that h'» work could speak to a 
much larger audience. First with 
the drawings of Londoners shelter- 
ing on Underground platforms, 
and then with the first large 
molher-and-ehild and family 
group sculptures, he broke 
through to national and inter- 
national recognition. 

Moore's particular obsession 
was with the reclining female 
figure. He had discovered that the 
form of the recumbent body could 
be creatively related to the forms 
of the natural world, objects such 
as roots and pebbles and the 
landscape itself. This enabled him 
to give his reclining figures a 
timeless, universal quality. Moore 
was a great humanist, and in the 
language of sculpture he was 
expressing his faith in the continu- 
ity of life and in the strength of the 
bonds that tied man to woman, 
child to mother, mother to child. 
It is because Moore's sculptures- 

deal in such fundamentals that his 
universal appeal is to be ex- 

Moore's enormous success 
made little difference to his way of 
life. During the war he and his 
wife. Irina, bad moved from 
Hampstead into the convened 
farm labourers' cottages in Perry 
Green which, with only the most 
modest of additions, remained 
their home. 

There was a wonderful natural 
rhythm about Moore's long cre- 
ative life, and each decade brought 
with it a shift of emphasis. After 
the war, he became the great 
public sculptor. He rarely made 
anything for a particular site, but 
there were always small sculptural 
maquettes in the studio which he 
thought might look good on a 
Jajger scale, and be enjoyed the 
challenge of the enlargement. 

As he grew older, more private 
concerns returned, both in the 
sculptures and in his drawings. In 
his seventies and early eighties, 
when movement was restricted, 
drawing became more important, 
and some of these very late works 
are as fine as anything he did. 

Visiting Moore was always a 
pleasure. He invited me almost 30 
years ago to look after the on- 
going publication of the catalogue 

of his sculpture. Every few months 
I would visit him to see what he 
had been doing, and when a new 
volume was in preparation we 
would choose photographs to- 
gether and confirm the titles of the 
sculptures. Moore tended some- 
times to flippancy in sub-titles, 
and had to be warned that the 
public (and the purchaser) takes 
such things seriously. Some of his 
greatest works — The Sheep Piece, 
for example — rejoice in unpreten- 
tious names. 

Moore liked to talk about his 
work and about sculpture gen- 
erally. and his remarks were 
always direct, simple and often 
very perceptive. Though his 
appearances on film and tele- 
vision were professional and effec- 
tive. he was at his best' with 
visitors to Perry Green. I often 
took'groups of students to see the 
work, and sometimes told Moore 
that we wouldn’t disturb him. But 
spying us in the garden, he would 
always come out to talk to us. 

He was manifestly the great 
artist and yet so human and 
approachable. In appearance he 
was sturdy and vigorous. It was 
often said that he looked like a 
prosperous Yorkshire farmer. 

Much has been said and written 
about his sculpture, but I don't 
think Moore ever paid much 
attention to it, apart from the early 
essays of his great friend, Herbert 
Read. The more profound philo- 
sophical and psychological inter- 
pretations were matters of 
indifference to him. His business 
was with the making, and he has 
left behind a remarkable legacy of 
sculptures and drawings that will 
always be with us. 

Centuries afterwards, it is only 
the artists who are remembered. 
In the death of Henry Moore, we 
have lost one of the greatest 
Englishmen of our time. 

The author is director of the Tate 

Paul Vallely on the intrigue surrounding Harvard’s 350th anniversary 

No tea 






It is to be hoped that the Prince of 
Wales, who arrives in Boston 
today for celebrations marking the 
350th anniversary of the founda- 
tion of Harvard University, has 
been advised on appropriate foot- 
wear. He is to take part in what 
one professorial wag has dubbed 
“a ballet in iron boots'*. 

Prince Charles was not orig- 
inally intended to be the star ofthe 
occasion. Its crowning moment 
was to have been an address by the 
President of the United States. 

You might think that a “demi- 
ccntcnniar anniversary is not as 
important as a foil centennial; and 
that indeed is the official line. The 
300th, in 1936. was a grand affair, 
with intellectuals and dignitaries 
from more than 500 universities 
and learned societies in atten- 
dance. The 350th. the university 
announced, would be more of a 
“family affair". 

Do not be fooled by the folksy 
phrase. This week's jamboree has 
been six years in the planning. Its 
100 showpiece symposia, con- 
certs. fireworks and a laser extrav- 
aganza. organized by the man who 
put together the Statue of Liberty 
celebrations, will cost more than 
SI million. 

“For this country. 350 years 
gives Harvard a powerful 
seniority.” says Professor David 
Maybury-Lewis. an expatriate 
Englishman who heads the 
university's anthropology depart- 
ment and its Peabody museum. 

Anniversaries are therefore 
more flamboyantly celebrated 
than at Harvard's mother univer- 
sity. Cambridge. President An- 
drew Jackson visited its 200th 
birthday party in 1836. President 
Grover Cleveland was there for 
the 250th. President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt spoke at the ter- 
centenary in 1936. 

So it was thought important that 
President Reagan should attend 
this week. He was invited to speak 
on “the university in a changing 
world", at the second of three 

The first response from the 
While House was favourable. 
Officials contacted the university 
to confirm that this would mean 
Reagan would be given an honor- 

ary degree, according to tradition: 
Cleveland and Roosevelt were so 
garlanded (President Jackson was 
himself a Harvard graduate so the 
honour was unnecessary). 

And then the “ballet in iron 
boots” began. 

Significant sections of the fac- 
ulty. including prominent profes- 
sors. noted that Reagan's policies 
made him “an enemy of higher 
education”. In private, they 
phrased it more bluntly. “The 
man is too wilfiilly stupid to be 
given a degree of any kind,” one 
senior academic told me over 
brandy in the tother-armchaired, 
oak-panelled faculty dub. 

After much backroom confer- 
ring, Harvard's seven-man 
corporation announced that no 
honorary degrees would be 
awarded. The university's 
information office hastily can- 
celled press releases it bad pre- 
pared announcing a degree for 
Reagan. Public statements de- 
clared that a degree ceremony 
would detract from the birthday 
celebration. Private admissions 
were of “a graceful compromise”. 
But they reckoned without 

Piqued at the decision, he 
delayed his response until January 
this year, and then announced that 
he would be loo busy to attend. 
Harvard was bonified. White 
House spokesmen were at a loss to 
explain what he would be doing on 
the three days of celebration: “It’s 
just too far in advance to say. The 
president is a busy man. He gets 
invitations to speak at universities 
all the time." 

Harvard winced at the snub and 
turned its attention to Prince 
Charles - and the foundation-day 
address with which he was to open 
the first convocation. The or- 
ganizers began to underline his 
importance as a graduate of 
Cambridge University, which was 
the alma mater of many of 
Harvard's founders, including the 

puritan minister, John Harvard, 
whose name it took when he died. 

There were one or two dis- 
sidents. Principled republicans 
said America's founding fathers 
who signed the 1776 Declaration 
of Independence would turn in 
their graves. The student news- 
paper poked fan at polo players 
and architectural students who it 
alleged were taking etiquette les- 
sons in preparation for tea with 
the prince: 

Quietly, at the eleventh hour, 
the Secretary of State, George 
Shultz, slipped in to replace 
Reagan, his intellectual creden- 
tials unchallenged. 

These days at Harvard, as at 
most American universities, the 
conservatives tend to be found 
among the student body, and the 
radicals among the junior profes- 
sors. The senior common room 
complaints of the Sixties have 
been inverted. Academics moan 
of materialistic, competitive stu- 
dents who think of nothing but 
getting a high-paying job. 

Even those with a longer 
perspective, such as Maybury- 
Lewis, are bemused. “After a 
totally different set of worries with 
the idealists of the last generation, 
the pendulum has swung to the 
other extreme and the ethos has 
become much more to do with 
making a career. Some of us had 
only just got used to defending 
ourselves against the charge that 
we were too worldly.” 

Students are not deeply touched 
by controversial issues, according 
to Jonathan Moses of the 
campus's daily newspaper, the 
Harvard Crimson . “It is cool to be 
a conservative", in the words of 
his colleague. Becky Kramnick. 
And the newspaper’s news editor, 
Michael Nolan, says: “In a sense, 
we sign a contract to become 
elitists the moment we come 

There was a much greater 

outcry from staff than from stu- 
dents when it was discovered that 
several Harvard academics were 
engaged in research clandestinely 
funded by the CIA, Their grants 
were conditional on a CIA right to 
censor material before it was 

Harvard remains more intdtec- 
tually restless and vibrant than 
many of its British equivalents, 
according to the. English academ- 
ics who teach there. “It’s a 
strenuous and driven [dace,” says 
Maybury-Lewis. “It seems to in- 
spire industry in everyone. There 
are no quia niches for people to 
slumber in.” 

Dr Simon Schama, a professor 
of European history, who taught 
for 14 years at both Oxford and 
Cambridge before moving to Har- 
vard six years ago, values the 
university’s tolerance - “the free- 
dom to teach, within reason, 
pretty much anything I want to — 
and pursue the enthusiasms of my 
own research in the dassroom”. 

At the close of the tercentenary 
assembly 50 years ago. Harvard’s 
president, Lawrence Lowell 
endorsing a motion that the 
celebrations should be adjourned 
until September 2036, said: “If J 
read history aright, institutions 
have rarely been killed while they 
are alive. They commit suicide, or 
die from lack of vigour, and the 
adversary comes and buries them. 
So long as an institution conduces 
to human welfare, so long as a 
university gives to youth a strong, 
active intellectual life, so long as 
its scholarship does not degen- 
erate into pedantry, nothing can 
prevent its going on to greater 


He called on his fellow believers 
to respond “aye” and the con- 
trary-minded “no". The vote was 
unanimous. This year, albeit at the 
cost of the absence of Ronald 
Reagan, they expat it to be 
unanimous once again. 

Odds begin to edge toward Nimrod 

Everything now points to the 
contentious Nimrod airborne 
early-warning system being gives 
ihc contract to equip the Royal Air 
Force, subject to the Ministry of 
Defence having confidence in the 
claims of its manufacturer, GEC, 
that its performance has been 
greatly improved. 

The process of forming recom- 
mendations on the rival merits of 
the British Nimrod and the 
American contenders for the con- 
tract is well under way at the 
ministry and is expected to lead to 
a Cabinet decision at the end of 

After nearly 10 years of tech- 
nical problems. GEC appears to 
have taken a firm grip on the 
project. However, the last few 
years have made the ministry so 
sceptical (hat GECs claims are 
bound to be subjected to ex- 
haustive examination. 

Politically then: would be high 
risks in "cancelling Nimrod, 
particularly if an early election 
were in prospen. If the cabinet 
becomes convinced by GECs 
latest claims, that will make its 
1 position much easier, 
r The £900 million that has al- 

ready been spent, though only 
about one-third by GEC. would 
not be wasted, and the cost of 
completing the project, perhaps 
about £400 million, would be 
lower than for any of its rivals. 

GEC would also hope to move 
into a lucrative export market in 
conjunction with the Lockheed 
Company of Georgia, installing 
GEC electronic equipment in 
Lockheed's Hercules transports. 

However, the three American 
companies challenging Nimrod 
are conducting an intensive cam- 
paign. Boeing, maker of the Awacs 
aircraft that is in service with the 
US Air Force and Nalo. is (he 
front-runner, but there are some 
large uncertainties about its bid. 

It has been particularly secretive 
about the price it is asking, but this 
has been generally believed to be 
about £1 billion for seven aircraft. 
A recent report from Paris sug- 
gested. however, that Boeing was 
likely to supply three Awacs 
aircraft to the French air force for 
about £1 billion. To have to pay 
£1 billion for seven would put a 
severe strain - on the defence 
budget: to pay well above that 
uouldtecm virtually impossible. 

The Ministry of Defence is 
known to have been talking with 
the French about the possibility of 
making a joint purchase, which 
could bring the price down quite 

There is also confusion about 
the size of the “offset” packages 
which the American companies 
are offering. Each was required to 
undertake that if it were chosen it 
would place work here equal to the ' 
foil value of the contract. 

The packages translate into “at 
least 8.000 man- years" by Boeing, 
16.000 by Grumman and 65,000 
by Lockheed of California (in this 
field not an ally of its Georgia 
cousin). The huge gap between 
Lockheed and the two others is 
explained by the fact that Lock- 
heed appears to have taken credit 
not only for the jobs that it would 
directly create, but also for other 
“spin-off” jobs. A Lockheed 
figure comparable to those of 
Boeing and Grumman might be 
20.000. This leaves the Boeing 
offset looking niggardly. 

One of GECs industrial argu- 
ments in favour of Nimrod has 
been that if 1 it were cancelled 

Britain would lose forever the 
ability the develop a full airborne 
early-warning system. However, 
this argument is partly neutralized 
as a result of three other British 
electronics companies — Ptessey. 
Ferranti and Rooal — having given 
public support to Boeing's bid, All 
three have agreements, contingent 
on Awacs winning the contest, for 
long-term collaboration with 
Boeing or its radar supplier, 

GEC has been left looking short 
of industrial friends. British Aero- , 
space.— which might have been 
expected to be an ally, havingbeen 
heavily involved with airframe 
work on Nimrod — has made only 
polite noises about hoping the 
project can be brought to comple- 
tion; and has. at the request of the 
Ministry of Defence, provided 
technical assistance for a compet- 
itor. Grumman, which is propos- 
ing to instal its own electronic 
equipment in the aircraft. British 
Aerospace would be the principal 
British associate of Grumman if 
that company won. 

Rodney Cowton 

Defence Correspondent 

Digby Anderson 

To Jo, Mo, Bo, 
and Michael 

It started on the Tuesday. Reports 
suggest that much of the popula- 
tion spent its summer selling and 
buying houses. So did I. or ax tost 
trying to. The most disconcerting 
aspect of tl all was renewing 
aquaintance with estate agents. 

I thought I had them taped. 
Determined to avoid prolonged 
talk with them about “exposed 
beams” (through 1920s houses) 
and a “wealth of desirable fittings 

— viewing is urgently recom- 
mended”; indeed, determined to 
escape any personal contact with 
them, I set out on the Tuesday, up 
the High Street, which they have 
taken over, and silently issued 
them all with a standard sheet 
describing the house I wanted and 
asking them to send information 
on any they had which fitted the 
description. One does not escape 
so easily. Almost immediately 
there was a telephone call: 

(Unfamiliar but cheerful mice.) 
“Hello, Mr Anderson?” 


“Monica here.” 

“Monica?” , 

(Even more cheerful.) 

“Monica who?” 

(Surprised.) “Monica from Dob- 
son and Tytler. Are you still 
interested in a prope rtee-ee?” 

They all did it. Within two 
hours we had Monica, Mark, 
Nigel, Christopher and a host of 
others telephoning day and night, 
all introducing themselves in this 
curious fashion. Obviously mod- 
ern estate-agent etiquette requires 
“diems” to note the agent's 
Christian name and recognize it 
immediately after a few days. 

It’s surprisingly compelling, this 
Christian-name business. On the 
Wednesday a friend came to 
dinner. He had just returned from 
a cruise and was visibly shaken. In 
between calls from David (“from 
Watson and Green's, the estate 
agents; you asked us to call you 
about a propertec-ee”) and Donna 
(“we’ve just taken on this 
pFoperteoee") he explained that 
not only had all the stewards and 
waiters on the ship worn little 
badges with their Christian names 

— the Goanese were all called 
Harold — but the English pas- 
sengers had obediently fallen in 
line and used the names. No one, 
except my reactionary friend, 
called them by their trade. 

On Wednesday I went to a 
university library for a regular 
inspection of the academic jour- 
nals. Nancy Mitford explains, 
quite dearly, that intellectuals 
always refer to each other by 
surname alone, and so do left- 
wing people. * As many of the 
journals are written by authors 
who are both, one fdt safe. But no. 
A certain Dufficy, in Youth and 
Policy: the Journal of Critical 
Analysis, reviewing a book on 
drug abuse by N Dorn and N 
South, wrote: “Given that Nick 
and Nigel's work was to provide a 

useful document not just for the 
agencies and the DHSS but for 
social work practice in general, 
who will benefit?” 

Of course, intellectuals have 
been doing this, in verbal ex- 
changes. for some time. Now the. 
conference season is here there 
will be lots of it. Indeed, there are 
masters of iu people who have 
perfected the art ofrcmetnbennga 
chap's Christian name after one 
introduction. Once they have it, 
they use it, inserting it remorse- 
lessly in every sentence. And the 
more they hate someone, the more 
they do it, like in those television 
discussions where implacable foes 
lace each shot of venom with: 
“But Roger knows 

It is, I suppose, an achievement 
to remember Christian names, for 
there are some very odd ones 
about, in particular among femi- 
nists, where a stern and hermaph- 
rodite brevity is prized: Jo, Mo, 
Bo, Chris- or Kris, Nik. Ben ami 
one I rather like. Biph. I was 
unlucky enough the same week to 
be in a town during a folk music 
festival- Folk enthusiasts have 
names a little like feminists' but 
with more Ss and Zs: Toz, Chas, 

It's worse if the person is 
divorced. Divorce plays havoc 
with Christian names. With the 
increasing tendency for divorced 
men to remarry younger wives 
goes the tendency of the new wife 
to rechristen her mate. It's part of 
the same phenomenon whereby 
sensible old friends, in order to 
match the new wife, suddenly lake 
up jogging, poetry or seal-saving 
and become even more boring 
than she is. A chap one has known 
for 40 years as Michael becomes 
Mick, or a friend who has been 
Richard (one knew he had a T) 
becomes Tim. Sometimes they 
take you aside and whisper: “I'm 
not Richard any more: I'm Tim. 
Jenny prefers it. 

One solution, which I tried out 
at a drinks party, was to call 
everyone, all the men at least, by 
the same name. After being in- 
troduced to 20 or 30 people and 
trying out several, it was clear that 
while it was not the most common 
name, Michael was the name 
which chaps who weren't called 
Michael least minded being called. 

Don’t misunderstand me. I'm 
not against Christian names. In 
fact. I'm bound to own that it was 
quite nice being telephoned by lots 
of young ladies who introduced 
themselves as Monica or what- 
ever. It made one feel liked, as if 
Monica really cared about me and 
my house: Until Friday when I 
went into the estate agent’s and 
caught her on the phone to some 
other chap. 

(Cheerfully, just as cheerfully, in 
faa identically.) “Monica here.” 
She is now Michael too. 

The author is director of the Social 
Affairs Unit. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Love, including 
YAT at 1 5% 

Presumably to improve its image, 
HM Customs and Excise has just 
published an extraordinary vol- 
ume called The VAT Book cf Love 
Stories. To give you some idea of 
this revolutionary work, 1 bring 
you one of the shorter stories, in 
its entirety. 

Home for Harriet 
Harriet Wilkins had lost both her 
parents at the age of 23, as part of a 
National Health Service cutback, 
and bad suddenly found herself ail 
alone in the world. All alone, that 
is, except for 28 old people who 
lived in the same house as herself. 

You may find it surprising dial 
someone as young and bright and 
vital as Harriet should want to live 
with so many old people, but we 
often under-value the conversa- 
tion and wonderful experiences of 
our old people, don't you find? 

There was also the consid- 
eration that Harriet had just 
inherited an old people’s home 
from her parents, and that these 28 
folk — yes, I think folk is a nicer 
word than people — each paid 
Harriet a small sum every week to 
stay in the house. 

1 cannot put a precise figure on 
it About £450 a week. I should 
think. Certainly enough to make 
Harriet a very rich young lady, 
and to compensate in some s mall 
degree for the loss of her parents. 

Some of the 28 old folk found it 
very hard to provide £450 every 
week without dipping deep into 
their life savings, but as they an 
cheerily said: “You can't take ft 
with youT 

However much Harriet enjoyed 
the company of these wonderful 
old people, she sometimes han- 
kered after younger companion- 
ship, so she was oveijoyed one day 
when a young gardener was sent 
by the agency that looked after the 
gardens and rooted out the rhodo- 
dendrons when the old people's 
arthritis got too bad. 

Frank was all that a gardener 
should be. she thought — tall, 
handsome, humorous and wining 
to ask her out for the evening. 

“How did you ever get into 
gardening?” she asked him, as 
they danced violently to the 
strains of Gotta Get Your Form In. 
Baby by Vince and the Vatmen 
(Excise Label 341 3500 04) in the 
local disco. 

Frank smiled softly. "What did 
you say?” he shouted. 

Harriet wrote down on a piece 
of paper: “How did you ever get 
into gardening?” and passed him 

the note. So did these two young 
things converse all evening, until 
Harriet had established that Frank 
had trained as an accountant but 
had found a financial post hard to 
get, and now preferred the fresh 

“How much a week do you 
spend on linen?” he shouted back. 
It seemed an odd question for a 
gardener, but she supposed it was 
his old accountancy showing 
through. She dung to him and tokl 
him all he wanted to know about 
the expenses of old folk's homes. 

Life bloomed until the dreadful 
day when Mr Ken wright arrived. 
Mr Ken wright told Harriet be was 
from something called the Cus- 
toms and Excise, and that she 
owed him £90,000 in VAT. 

Harriet had never heard of 
VAT. Mr Ken wright tried to 
explain to her. She could make no 
sense of iL Mr Ken wright gave up 
trying to explain it to her and went 
bade to the ampler course of 
demanding £90,000, explaining 
that if she did not hand it over, she 
would go to prison. 

At this news Harriet burst into 
tears, and was infinitely relieved 
to see the manly form of Frank, 
who was passing the window at 
that moment and promptly en- 
tered. They were, luckily, French 

“Oh Frank!” she raom deH. 
“This man says I owe him £90,000 
and if I don’t pay it I will go to 
prison and who will look after the 
dear old folk then?” 

Frank looked at her. Then he 
looked at Mr Ken wright- Then he 
looked at the figures, which is 
perhaps what he should have done 
in the fust place, and finally he 
looked at her again. 

“I'm afraid he's right, Harriet,” 
he said. “You do owe £90,000 and 
it is only right that you should go 
to jaiL But it cannot be for longer 
than nine months or a year, and I 
will wait for you to come out, and 
I win look after your old folk for 

The thought of Frank wailing 
for ho- sustained Harriet all 
through her prison months, and I 
am sure you will not be surprised 

lhat ^ 8 01 married 
and lived happily ever after. The 
one thing that Frank never told 
hw was that he was a plainclothes 
VAT agent sent to the old folk's 
home m spy out the land, and that 
it was he who had sent her to jaiL 
But every couple should have one 
or two secrets from each other, 
should they not? > 



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Bntain s exclusion from the 
- 1 st century is already being 
mapped. Among the non- 
SrT? 1cans who travelled on 
NASA s spaceshuttle before its 
grounding were civilians from 
West Germany and Japan. A 
single Briton was at some stage 
to have joined but he was a- 
military officer “*nd he was 
some way down lhe queue. 

The choice of passengers 
represented the cold facts that 
West Germany has a civil 
space programme, focused on 
propulsion, that the Japanese 
have been concentrating (typi- 
cally) on industrial applica- 
tions of vacuum and zero- 
gravity manufacturing; and 
that here, as: the Science and 
Engineering Research Council 
• has again reported, space tech- 
nology is seriously under- 
funded. The large R & D 
budget of the Ministry of 
Defence simply does not come 
into this reckoning. British 
Aerospace is pursuing its 
Hotol project in inglorious 
- autarky. 

Space is not the be-all and 
end-all of science. But it does 
not take an Arthur C. Clarke to 
realize the extent to which it is ■ 
a crucial frontier of contem- 
porary knowledge, pure and 
applied. Reaching out for 
opportunity in space (includ- 
ing the opportunity ofbusiness 
profit) is surely a sign of an 
advanced society's forth in its 
own future. 

Since the scale of expen- 
diture is so great, space pro- 
grammes inevitably involve 
government Space requires 
intervention, large-scale public 
investment for the sake of 
' rewards, individual and collec- 
tive, in years to come. 

The Government however, 
has no policy for space. It has 
hardly a policy for science.' It. 
offers no dear' set of themes 
that are intelligible to the 
voters and taxpayers at large. 

It offers nothing to inspire and 
stimulate Britons who will 
.'pome -of age jin the next 

In the British system, de- 
cisions about- scientific Re- 
search are^ Jitfief;. pre-empted j 
by. the military or devolved to 

panels of “experts" in .the 
research councils and the 
University Grants Committee. 
The public, and most poli- 
ticians, are. excluded. 

Only Occasionally does de- 
bate break the - surface. The 
Kendrew report oh the British 
subscription t o the high-energy 
' arceleraiorat CjERN did at last 
widen the discussion about the 
nation’s investment in partide 
physics. ' 

Some argue that what is 
required is -a ministry for 
science outside the Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence, or at least a single source 
within WhitehaD of science 
' policy-making. Yet new 
administrative forms are less 
important than a new scien- 
tific awareness round the Cabi- 
net table;, a set of political 
priorities to steer-research. 

The unpleasant episode of 
Oxford University's refusal of 
an honorary degree to the 
Prime Minister, taken together 
with' rumblings' within the 
Royal . Society about her 
fellowship did not merely be- 
tray; as many thought politi- 
cal opposition among 
academics. The antagonism 
also reflected disappointment 
The community of scientists 
had vested high hopes in Mrs 
Thatcher, a Prime Minister 
trained as a natural -scientist 

Her Government however, 
has behaved towards science 
in the same way as its prede- 
cessors. Its attitude to research 
money to an item in the 
accounts to be augmented (or 
more usually subtracted from) 
to meet financial targets. This 
has contrasted, oddly, with the 
Government’s urgent recog- 
nition. of the need to 
strengthen numbers trained in 
the science disciplines at 
undergraduate level. . 

, In his presidential addressto 
the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science yes- 
terday, Sir George Porter 
spoke of the need to “force 
science down people's 
throats". That sense of alarm 
is understandable but. corning 
from a scfentisC It has the taint 
of special pteading.Nor has the' 
carping tone of the' "Save 

British Science campaign been 

A new alliance, between 
scientists and politicians is 
• needed. There is a political 
case for revolution in prior- 
ities. as recognized by such 
ministers as Mr Geoffrey Pat- 
lie at the Department ofTrade 
- and Industry. This would re- 
order the Government’s 
spending taking money from 
the R & D budget consumed 
by defence and putting it into 
the civil sector. Defence R & D 
may produce elegant. designs, 
as observers at Farn borough 
this week will testify, but the 
disparity between -the 
country’s military profile and 
its economic prospects be- 
comes glaring 

Scientists and ministers 
have shown they can make 
common cause: The . Govern- 
ment has, rhetorically, rec- 
ognized the need for 
strengthening the teaching of 
science and mathematics in 
schools. Now the words need 
to be backed by emergency 
action. Mr Baker has- an 
opportunity. Even Sir Keith 
Joseph, more dearly than his 
successor an exponent of mar- 
ket freedoms, saw that the 
“drain" of scientific talent 
abroad was robbing British 
laboratories of a future, and 
would have to be corrected. 
That means money for sal- 
aries. and money for projects. 

The Government's enthu- 
siasm for closer partnership 
between science and the. pri- 
vate sector has yet to run its 
full course. But eventually 
additional public funds will 
have to be subscribed, and 
they will not all -be cosir 
effective in the accountant's 
sense. Sdenlific progress de- 
pends on built-in redundancy; 
who can predict the areas of 
successful research?! 

A generation ago. Harold 
Wilson coined his famous 
phrase about the technological 
revolution. Such speech- 
makers' diches. should not be 
despised today. The need for 
politicians to apply their arts 
in commending science to the 
Voters is "greater than e*er. 


The need focxloser regulation 
of entry into Britain from parts 
of the Third World has been 
becoming apparent for some 
lime. More then 22,000 poten- 
tial visitors to Britain were 
turned away in the twdve 
months up to June 1986 
because immigration officials 
thought their reasons for entry 
were spurious. The figures for 
July were some 60 per cent 
higher than those for the 
comparable period last year. . 

In recent weeks the pres- 
sures . upon officials at 
Heathrow airport have be- 
come intolerable as planeloads 
of potential visitors have de- 
scended on Terminal Three. 
Queues have lengthened, 
detention centres have become 
impossibly overcrowded, fam- 
ilies have had to be housed in 
expensive hotels at public 
expense while their claims to 
come in are being sifted. 

It is against this background 
that the Government 1ms de- 
cided that visas should be 
demanded for all visitors to 
this country from, Nigeria and 
Ghana, and from coimtries in 
the Indian sub-continent- ex- 
cept Sri Lanka whose burgeon- 
ing emigrants already have to 
supply them. It is against this 
same background that the 
decision must be endorsed. 

It is a sensitive subject at the 
' best of times — and this is not 
one of them. Accusations of 
discrimination and racism will 
ho doubt be hurled at White- 
hall from outside the country 
and within it, and this 
autumn's party conferences 
wifi be heavy with. humbug. - 

Yet enuy certificates for 
people wishing to settle in 
-Britain (visas in effect) have 
been required since as long ago 
as 1 968. No Government since 
has seen fit to reverse this and. 
for all Mr Kinnock’s heady 
promises, it is hard to see a 
future Labour administration 
doing so. This bad the effect 
last year of limiting the num- 
bers who settled in this coup- 
try' to 500 from Nigeria 660 
from Ghana and 17,500 from 
the sub-continent. 

The numbers who came 
here to visit however were 
much higher — 200,000 from 
Nigeria, 78,000 from Ghana 
and as many as 400,000 from 
the four countries on the 
Indian, sub-continent. India 
itself. Pakistan. Sri Lanka and 
Bangladesh. No doubt many of 
these were genuine short-term 
viators, spending holidays 
here with relatives or sight- 
seeing in the capital But there 
are - at least grounds for 
suspecting that many more 

..were npt. If one accepts the 
central-thesis that immigration 
to Britain must be limited. 
. then one must also support the 
closure of a clearly discernible 
loophole in the system. 

There is an argument that a 
visa scheme, which means 
installing a filter system in the 
country of origin, is not the 
best way to deal with the 
problem. It will almost cer- 
tainly be, more expensive than 
the alternative of recruiting 
more immigration officials in 
this country —about five times 
more expensive —according to 
one estimate. At least 100 or so 
officials will have to be re- 
cruited and trained and moved 
with their families to. the 
countries concern ecLBut some 
cost can be recouped by charg- 
ing more for tjiose visas which 
are granted and by saving on 
■the provision of temporary 
accomodation in this country. 
By shifting someof the burden 
overseas, moreover, h should 
make the . problem easier to 

-It is more sensible for all 
parties if a would-be illegal 
immigrant is found out before 
he steps upon the aircraft' The 
possession of a visa should not 
endow the holder with an 
automatic right to enter Brit- 
tain. But it should be. a first 


Chapel heritage 

From Mr Paul Shepherd 
Sir. Some of the people who write 
to you about listed Nonconformist 
chapels (July 26. August 2. 1 1, 18) 
haven’t the faintest idea of tne 

problems of owning one. 

I am the secretary of a Baptist 
church that meets in a I iirted 
building - a beautiful groty 
structure. Wc'vc wrestled with the 
problem for years. 

■ One example; our roof is rail 
sick. When wc asked for per- 
mission to re-i^with qmthetic 
slates the plannere insisted on the 

very expensive Ddaboleslat«. 
although lhe roof can onlybeseen 
with binoculars from gardens t w 
yards away. The expense was 

^hesadlhing isthatourchmh 
is lively and well attended- 
want to contribute spiritually and 
socially to the town. Bui wj- "can t. 
partly because buildmg » 
' unsuitable, partly because wecaj^ 
afford the heating, insurance, 
maintenance, and adaptation. 

There should be a much more 
flexible attitude to listing. 
requests for change of ust and 
there should be money to pay tor 

Yours faithfully. _ _ 

PAUL SHEPHERD. Secretary. 
Tomngton Baptist Church. 

New Street. 

Torrington. Devon. 

Battle against weeds 

From Mr John Holland 
Sir. Mr St John (August 28) 
possesses an imfortunaie -antipa- 
thy to nature that seems to be 
shared by many' land owners. - 

Motorway verges are oases of 
relatively undisturbed land and 
arc a valuable haven for many 
increasingly uncommon speciesof 
flowers and insects. If a few stray 
thistles from these verges ever 
manage to gain afoothold m the 
sterile monoculture that sur- 
rounds them, the worfl that could 
happen would be a tiny reduction 
of the vast food mountains that fill 
the warehouses of Europe. 

The day will come when all 
wildlife is driven from the face of 
the earth, but until then, a few 
thistles are unlikely to seriously 
deplete the human race: 

Yours foiihfiilly- 

Goodmans Farm. 

Great Leighs. • 

Chelmsford. Essex. 

August 28- - • 

Early retirement 

From Mr ft S. Musgmvc 
$j r ; One cannot blame a stat- 
istician (Mr Carroll: August 25) 
for advocating early rctirementas 
a cure for unemployment The 
idea has obvious appeal. • 


Early retirement is one of 
numerous alleged cures .for un- 
employment known collectively 
as “labour supply reduction" mea- 
sures. This category Includes re- 
duced working hours, delayed 
entry into the labour force for 
youths.' reduced immigration and 
increased emigration. These ideas 
have been around for centuries: 
for example. James I thought that 
unemployment would be reduced 
if die unemployed were carted off 
to Newfoundland and Virginia. 

The fallacy in these ideas is as 
follows. If labour supply can be 
' reduced relative to demand with- 
out inflationary consequences, 
then it must ipso facto be possible 
to go for the much better, alter- 
native of raising demand relative 
to labour supply (that is. providing 
jobs for those who want them 
rather than artificially dissuading 
or preventing people from work- 

On the other hand if demand 
cannot be raised relative to labour 
supply without unacceptable infla- 
tion, then neither can labour 
supply be reduced without un- 
acceptable inflation. 

Yours faithfully. 

The. Boat House. 

Ghyll Head. 

Winderinqrc. Cumbria;. 

August 25. 

Lives at risk from the mullahs 

From MrReza Fazcti 
Sir. On Tuesday. August I9at 2J0 
in the afternoon my son. Bijan. 
who was only 22 years old. was 
killed when working in my shop in 
Kensington' High Street by a 
terrorist bomb intended for me. 

For several weeks before his 
death I had received threats to my 
life and the slogan "your death is 
coming" had ban scrawled on the 
window of my shop. What had I 
done to deserve this? 1 had used 
my art as a film-maker to expose 
to the people of Iran and to the 
world the present-day rulers of 
Iran as they really are. They pose 
as holy men. interested only in 
doing the work of God. but in 
reality they are corrupt, greedy 
and sadistic, and they cynically 
distort the" Holy Scriptures to 
compel the deeply religious people 
of Iran to do their bidding. 

The -Western media seem only 
to be interested in the Persian Gulf 
war. but for more important is 
what is happening within Iran, 
because it will be events within 
Iran, not at the war front, which 
will shape the destiny of that 
region of the world. ' t 

Since they came to power in 
1979 Khomeini and the mullahs 
have inflicted a reign of terror on 
the Iranian people which can be 
compared only with that of Hitler 
and. like Hitler, they have had no 
hesitation in torturing and 
murdering many thousands of 

political prisoners. This has 
continued to the present day and I 
■ cannot' understand why the West- 
ern Press, who have shown so 
much concern for human rights in 
South Africa, appear to care so 
liulc about the fete of people in 

Iranian exiles in Britain are 
portrayed as a disorganised rabble, 
-interested only in fighting 
amongst ourselves;, but in net we 
arc divided into only two main 
groups: those who believe, like 
Rajavi and the Mojahcdin. in the 
communist alternative: and those 
who. like Shapour Bakhuar. be- 
lieve in democracy and human 
rights, perhaps under a constitu- 
tional monarch such as you have 
in Britain. I have had no hesita- 
tion in pledging my support to the 
latter cause, not only because it is 
stronger but also because com- 
munism would be even worse 
than the mullahs. 

Just- as the death of WPC 
Yvonne Fletcher served to focus 
world attention upon the crim- 
inals ruling Libya, perhaps the 
death of my beloved son may 
serve to focus the attention of the 
world upon the much greater evil 
ndw ruling Iran, and upon the 
urgent need for change. 

Yours faithfully, 


25 Kensington High StrecL W8. 
August 27. 

Defining a good don 

From Professor R. A. H'ea/e 
Sir. Progress consists in the correc- 
tion of old mistakes by new ones. 
It is. therefore, hard to see why. as 
Lucy Hodges (August 20) reliably 
reports, die maintenance of stan- 
dards should be an obstacle be- 
tween cash and academe. 

Other bodies claim to monitor 
performance. Doctors, solicitors, 
builders, auctioneers — to name a 
few — have watchdog bodies on 
standards. But they do not quan- 
tify them. The percentages of 
patients cured. . lawsuits won. 
houses saved from collapse, and 
rarities secured do not enter into 
the equation even though this 
might be of interest to the con- 
sumer (= patient, client, buyer, 
bidder). ■ ■ 

To maintain standards requires,, 
at least a whiff of restrictive 
practices. Standards are main- 
tained only if you can keep people 
away from the elite you have, 
managed toijoin. . : v 
The pattern, therefore, musts. H 
is the detail that eludes agreement 
The reason is- dear. As their • 
designation implies, universities 
are • mutti-disciplinary. 'poly- 
morphous and- complex aggregates 
of people— the very opposite of 
the above monolithic examples. 
So why not try something really 
revolutionary like defining stan- 
dards for dons in terms of the 
success which they achieve? ' 1 

If they are employed to train 
philosophers, they shall "be judged 
by the percentage of successful 
sages they have trained, say. 
during a period of six years. If 
archaeology is their pigeon, then 
let the standard be the number of 
diners that have passed through . 
their hands and have discovered 
Sutton Hoos. 

■The BBC told us the other day 
that a large number of students of 
physics finish up as accountants: 
when one recalls the number of 
quantum leaps made by contem- 
porary firms, all credit to the dons 
who train their flocks in quantum 

This suggests that performance 
indicators for dons should be 
flexible, for rigidity in one would 
lead to ossification in the other. 
Bui if flexible, one might as well 
stick to subjective opinion and 
tiltlc-laulc which; served the UGC 
recently so well. Or should an- 
other problem receive prior atten- 

Once performance indicators 
have been- arrived at for deahs. 
directors, principals.- vicc-chan- 
ccllors. and- perhaps Secretaries of 
State for Education, those" for dons 
Ail! surely be easy to aferfce on. 
YOun very Truly. • 


University of London; . \ 
Department of Visual Science. 
Institute of Ophthalmology. 

Judd Street. WC1. 

August 25. 

Paying in cathedrals 

From the Reverend W. R. Hanford 
Sir. Your perceptive leader. 
"Charging in the cathedral" (Au- 
gust 18). highlights an issue which' 
arouses strong feelings, but which 
is likely to become much more of a 
reality with escalating costs and 
with no real likelihood of State 

Half my ministry has been spent 
in cathedrals and I still believe in 
them. In modem limes they have 
become resource centres for di- 
oceses. centres of Christum educa- 
tion. preaching, worship, and a 
host of specialised ministries, as 
well as continuing to be places of 
choral excellence and centres for 
great occasions. In short, there 
would seem to be a case for saying 
that an admission charge is in- 
tended (quite frankly) to support 
the work of the cathedral. 

The entrance charge to the 

London Zoo is (so I gather) not 
just for the privilege of seeing the 
animals, but also to support the 
work of the Royal Zoological 
• Society. 

. An admission charge would 
' dearly include the aim of keeping 
the wads standing and the roof on; 
•but more important!) it might 
bring home to a visitor, by careful 
displays and information, that the 
bunding exists for a particular 
purpose, and that an admission 
charge is designed to support the 
cathedral in all aspects of its work. 

If this were clearly put it might 
go some way to overcoming the 
inhibition to entrance, charges 
which is still felt by many 
ch urchpeopfc and others. 

Yours faithfully. 


Ewell Vicarage, 

Church Street. 


Epsom. Surrey. • 

Winged chariot 

From Sir Gordon Car 
Sir. It is discouraging to all honest 
aspirants to the title of centenarian 
to learn that in a contest in which, 
as they thought, the rules were 
internationally agreed, a Turkish 
competitor' has found a way to 
cover the course at a speed 
approximately 2 per cent greater 
than that laid down. 

You report : (obituary notice, 
August 25)ihai Mr Jelal Bayar was 
bom in May. 1884 and died in 
August this year at the age of 104. 
We have got accustomed to the 
notion of adjustable circadian 
rhythms: could it be that we now 
have to accept variable circannual 

Yours apprehensively. 

E.G. COX. 

117 Hampstead Way. NWI I. 
August 26. 

Over the top 

From Mr Eric H'aggott . 

Sir. Almost daily now l am now 
troubled by the sound ofrrooves". 
Is there any hope of a cure? 

Yours truly. 


24 Queen's Drive. 


North Humberside. 

August 25. 

Heat of the moment 

From MrJ. S. F. Grind/ay 
Sir. The Times was never a 
recommended fuel for “Volcano" 
kettles, as Mrs Hocking suggests 
(August 26). Whether this was 
because of the fine quality of the 
.contents or the newsprint is not in 
our records. What is sure is that 
post-Wapping newsprint has 
greater calorific value than that up 
at Printing House - Square. 

Over the years, the most consis- 
tent fuel has been The Irish Times. 
The role reason is that large 
numbers of users of the “Volcano" 
(or Kelly kettles, as they are now 
known) tend to enjoy brewing up 
whilst on fishing expeditions on 
the other side of the Irish Sea. 

T believe that Desmond BagJey. 
in his novel Flyaway . advocates as 
fuel the use of dried camel dung. 
As supplies of this arc somewhat 
limited in these parts, thorough 
tests have not been carried out 
Maybe Mr BagJey or others have 
some first-hand experience that 
can be passed on. 

Yours foithfuly. 

J. S. F. GR1NDLAY (Director. 
Kdly Keltic Company). 

Rectory Farmhouse. 


Nr Davemry. Northamptonshire. 
August 26. 

■Getting off to a 
good start 

From Mr Terry J. Carr 
Sir, Mark Dowd’s article on the 
traditional break fay (August 27) 
certainly highlighted a current 
British weakness. 

There are numerous guides to 
good hotels, good food and good 
pubs. Asa regular traveller by car 1 
carry several of them with me. All 
the guides I've read concentrate 
on the wonders and good value of 
lunch and the splendours and cost 

of dinner. Mention of breakfast 
In alone breakfast excellence, is 

1 agree that breakfast is “the 
meal that's meant to get you under 
way". Yet carlv-moming king- 
distance travel is often made 
abysmal through lack of awareness 
and publicity on places to stop for 

I believe that good value and 
excellent breakfasts do exist for 
the casual traveller and that the 
situation could, improve with 
support from the catering industry 
and the general public. 

May 1 make a pica for one of the 
many publishing houses to as- 
semble and issue an annual Good 
British Breakfosl Guide? In the 
meantime, can current guides, 
such as The Good Food Guide. 
provide a list of known good 
places that welcome casual vis- 
itors for breakfast between 7 and 
9.30 am? 

Let's not discriminate against 
breakfast in fovour of lunch, 
dinner or even afternoon tea. Lex's 
balance the emphasis and high- 
light some good things about our 
breakfast heritage. Above all let's 
encourage the business breakfast 
It can be fun! 

Yours faithfully. 


26 Wortlcy Road. 

Highdiffe on Sea. Dorset. 

August 27. 

Medical claims 

From MrG. 11. Turner 
Sir. In the report (August 19) on 
increases in medical defence 
subscriptions h is suggested that 
"a number of claims arc either 
misconceived or frankly bogus”. 

Could not the problem be 
overcome by allowing the Health 
Service Commissioner the right to 
investigate complaints involving 
“clinical judgement"? This proce- 
dure. already supported by Par- 
liament and patients' consumer 
- groups, would ensure that claim- 
ants with insubstantial cases were 
discouraged from taking legal 

' -Yours faithfully. ■■ 

• Ci.H; TURNER. 

1 1 9 Grecnhill RdatL 
-Vllerton. Liverpool. 

-August 20:- ' • 

Work and play 

From Mrs Priscilla Xtoxon 
Sir. Our 17-ycar-old » da tighter 
plays the flute, sings in her school 
choir, reads bn average two books 
u week, likes the cinema, the 
theatre, opera and ballet, goes 
sailing ncariv c\cr> weekend in 
the - summer.' likes both pop and 
classical music, rafts the “radio" 
at her schooL likes’ to caddie for 
her fother at golf and score for her 
brother at crickcL watches sport, 
drama, news and trash on tele- 
vision. has lixely discussions with 
i/u.ronc. is popular at school and 
writes numerous letters to her 
friends left behind when we 
moved here two years ago. 

Oh! I nearly forgot. She is also a 
brilliant maihcmatician/physicisi 
and is going off to Cambridge to 
read engineering. 

I tell you this only because 1 am 
more than a little tired of the 
universal assumption that 
maihematicians/scientists sit at 
home, pale-foccd. day in. day out. 
working on mathematical prob- 
lems with never a thought for 
anything going on around theih. 
More than a little tired. 

Yours faithfully. - 

North Lodge. 

Sian bridge Earls SchooL 

Hampshire. " 

August 28. 

Looking askance 

From Mr John Elton * 

Sir. Recent correspondence (Au- 
gust 25) has drawn attention to the 
existence of a mysterious body 
called the British Rail Environ- 
ment Panel. While it is encourag- 
ing to know that minor questions 
like the angle of name boards are 
meriting serious consideration. I 
would numbly suggest that it is 
high time a critical eye were cast 
(Hi the interior decor of the trains 

My enjoyment of the English 
countryside is constantly marred 
by the latest abomination: a colour 
scheme 1 comprising stripes of 
black. , blue, purple and bright 
orange. The dazzled eye is ren- 
dered immune to all other ame- 
nities. ; ' 



14 Valleyside. 

Hemel Hempstead. 


August 26. 

Legal divisions 

From Mr David A. R. Green 
Sir. Derek Wheatley's sadness 
(August 28) about constant criti- 
cism between the branches of the 
legal profeuion might have been 
more convincing had the rest of 
hrs leiier not been devoted to 
adding to iL Those who have 
passed the Law Society's final 
examination and also possess the 
Bar's minimal — degree, for 
.example, will have had a fairly 
hoarse laugh over lhe significance 
he attaches to the latter. 

What most of us would like to 
sec is A greater acknowledgement 


of the realities of legal practice 
from both branches of the legal 

For its part, the Bar has never 
been particularly generous in 
acknowledging that solicitors 
stand between it and the general 
public, receive all the flak, and 
carry the main burden of over- 
heads and case preparation, 
including the obligation of ensur- 
ing that everyone. Bar included, is 

Nor has it been very forthcom- 
ing over • the foci that . some 
solicitors arc at least as well 
qualified to deal with some cases 
as any barrister. 4 


For their part solicitors could . 
more openly say that whatever the 
rules might be they would, not 
dream of assuming the barrister’s 
function in many, perhaps most, 
cases where barristers arc pres- 
ently employed. Bui what both 
should accept is that the client's 
interest comes before everything, 
it is that which demands an end to 
arbitrarily cosily rules of demarca- 
tion. " - 

Yours feiihfnliv.. 

DAVID GREEN (Solicitor). • 
Rhyd vr Harding. 

Castle Morris. 

Nr Haverfordwest, Dyfcd- 
August 28. ’ j 


The third strike of the 
Metmpttiltan Police wax a far 
truire serious affair than the 
strikes uf lS72 and IH9n There 
teas considerable public support 
far the police, a lectin/; shared by 
The Times, which published a 
sympathetic leader. The demand 
fur union recognition became a 
contentious matter and led to a 
walk-out in August. 1919, by a 
relatively small number ttf men. 
The Prrfrcc Federation replaced 
the Police ( 'nion in the autumn nf 


As the result nf the intervention 
nf Mr. Lkiyd George, and confer- 
ences between him and the execu 
live «>f the union, the London 
police strike was settled on Satur- 
day and the men returned prompt- 
ly to duty ai night. The terms of 
the settlement were announced, at 
meeting on Tower-hill, attended by 
about 7.000 policemen, os follows: 

An innttv nf urge* of 1.1s. per 
ucvL pensionable, and Ihr uar bonus 
<if 12s. per week and lhe allowance lor 
each child of 2v nd- a week would 

There is ut ho a non-com rthuiors 
pension of Ids. per week, lor 
policemen's nidouv lhe pension to be 
luvahle in ihc ease ol mtmcc men ai 
the Iruni. 

The result is ihst the minimum 
wages penviunaMc ate C2 .K per week, 
which with lhe war bonus makes a 
total or £2 IS. as the minimum, with 
the children's allowance m addition. 

He tore the strike the minimum wage 
began at £1 Ills., which with a war 
bonus of I2v made a total ul C2 2s . 
with the children's allowance of 2s. bd. 
a week in addition. The men's claim 
was (at £1 per week increase of wages, 
pensionable, wiih a war"honus of 12' - 
percent- so that the wages would have 
been L2 MX., plus 6s. 3d., mini- 
mum total £2 16s. 3d. 

The novel feature of the 
Government's decision is the pen 
sion for widows, and it was 
received with enthusiasm by the 
men. The reinstatement of ex 
Police-Constable ThieL provincial 
organizer of the union and delegate 
to the London Trades Council 
who was dismissed for taking part 
in the management of an “unau 
t homed association." was agreed 
to by the Government on the 
condition that the strikers started 
work on Saturday night The other 
point in dispute was the recogni 
thin nf the union. It was stated at 
the Tower-hiU meeting that the 
Prime Minister gave the union 
recognition when he received the 
executive ~ 

The centre or interest on Satur- 
day was Whitehall between Scot 
land-yard, the headquarters nf the 
Metropolitan Police, on the one 
hand, and Dnwning-street. the 
residence of the Prune Minister, on 
the fother. In Whitehall many 
thousands tff constables both of the 
Metropolitan and City police 
forces, all in civilian dress, assem 
hied by noon to await the result of 
the deputation to Mr. Llovd 
George. Downing- street itself was 
i>acked. The tbrnng was swelled by 
crowds of the general public, who 
were deeply interested in this 
manifestation of the spirit of 
uuresi in a quarter where it was so 
unexjierled. It was not difficult to 
distinguish the strikers from the 
spectators. Many were distin 
giushed by wearing the favours of 
the Police Union, red and white 
ribbon, in their button-holes. But 
ajian from these the indefinable 
something which marks the police 
man. and from which not even the 
detect ire is always ahle to divest 
himself", mode the si rikers conspic- 
uous in the general mass. Their 
heerfuiness was remarkable, and 
Tor ]x>l icemen they were very 
talkative. They showed every dis- 
IMisitinn to discuss their action 
with civilians 


AI the mass meeting on Tower- 
hiU Mr. DUNCAN, the president 
or the union, said that there was no 
body of men who had shown 
greater patience in pressing their 
claims forward than the men 
imposing the Union of Police and 
Prison Officials. They had almost 
got corns on their knees in begging 
and praying for a little attention, 
and he ventured to say that few 
people ever dreamt that the men 
who composed the City and Metro- 
politan Police Force and prison 
officials would ever have downed 
tools. He was pleased to say that 
the representatives of the union 
had been received by the Prime 
Minister. “Lesser folks." he re- 
marked with a smile, "would not 
look at us. but the higher up we got. 
the easier the job was. and I think 
we ought to say this, that the 
Prime Minister has met us with 
every possible courtesy." (Cheers) 



The following announcement 
was issued on Saturday night> 

The King has been pleased to 
accept the resignation of . Sir 
Edward Richard Henry. G.C.V.O.. 
K.CJB. GS.L. Commissioner of! 
Poly* of the Metropolis „ 

Sir Edward Henry said to a Press 
representative— "I leave the Met- 
ropolitan Police with the deepest 
regret, but with the satisfaction of 
knowing that my last official 
recommendation secured for than 
Widows* Pension Fund. That is 
all I have to say." 

Up, np and away 

From MrJoePhilp 
Sir. I was singularly interested to 
read (report. August 1 5) of Hasan 
Cclebi who shot himself bv rocket 
across the Bosphorus in I §33. 

As ihc first balloon pilot to cross 
this lovely stretch of water (April 
13. 1986). coincidentally also ai 
about l.OOOfL 1 have a strong 
fellow feeling for him. However. I 
think my landing on one of the old 
battlefields was almost certainly 
gentler than his! 




Upton Cross. Uskcard. Cornwall 


Forthcoming marriages 

Mr NAM. Fitzpatrick 
and Miss &M. Duncan 
The engagement is announced 
between Anton, son of Mrs J. 
Fitzpatrick, of Ctapbam, Lon- 
don, SW4, and Shona, daughter 
of the late Sir William Duncan 
and of Lady Duncan, of Ken- 
sington, London, W8. 

Mr DiL Farmery 
and Mbs M. PSggpt 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of the 
late Wing Commander H. R. 
Farmery and of Mrs Farmery, of 
MidgJey, Yorkshire, and Moira, 
eldest daughter of Mr and MnJ. 
Piaget, of Adelaide Park, 



September I: The Duke o: 

Edinburgh, having travelled in 
an aircraft of the Queen's Flight,, 
this morning visited the 

Fam borough International 86t 

Exhibition and Display. 

His Royal Highness, Presi- 
dent of the English-Speaking 
Union, this evening attended 
the Opening Dinner of the 1986 
World Members Conference at 

Mr HF.G. Bedey 
and Mbs GS.C. Pafey 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert Francis Gra- 
ham, eldest son of Captain and 
Mrs A.F.M. Becley, of Court 
House, Lower Woodford, Salis- 
bury, Wiltshire, and Charlotte 
Sophia Christina, only daughter. 

of Brigadier and Mrs J.T. Paley, 
of The Old Vicarage, Maiden 
Bradley, Wiltshire. 

Mr R. Hates 
and Miss J. K2ET 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, only son of Mr 
and Mns PJ. Hales. ofCynooed, 

ter of Mr and Mrs FA KiflVof 

Port Lion, Llasgwm, 

the Sheraton Hotel. Edinburgh. 
Major Rowan Jackson, RN. 

Major Rowan Jackson, 
was in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Davidson (Loid- 
in-Waiiing) called upon the 
Governor-General of Canada 
and the Hon Maurice Sauvd this 
morning at the inn On The -Park 
Hotel, and. on behalf of Her 
Majestv. welcomed Their Ex- 
cellencies upon their arrival in 
this country. 

Lady Susan Hussey has suc- 
ceeded Lady Abe] Smith as 
Lady-in-Waiiing to The Queen. 

Mr N.CJ. Bragg 
and Miss VJVL Robertson 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Christopher 
John, son of Mr HJ. Bragg and 
the late Jean Bragg, of Sand- 
wich, and Victoria Mary, daugh- 
ter of Mr D.M. Robertson, of 
Spain, and Mrs P.R. Baker, of 
Presibury, Cheshire. 

Mr D.C. Hawker 
and Miss L.E.D. Wood 
The engagement is announced 
between Dickon, son of the late 
W.HL Hawker and of Mrs 
Hawker, of Burton Bradstock, 
Dorset, and Louisa, daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel ana Mrs 
J.C. Wood, of Beaminster, 

Captain WX Campbell 
and Miss BJVL Wilson 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Campbell, Royal 
Signals, son of Mr and Mis WJ. 
Campbell, and Bridget, daugh- 
ter of the Rev J.S. and Mrs 
Wilson, of Ashby Cum Fenby, 
South Humberside. 

Mr DJP.W. Inch bald 
and Miss CA.W. LOley. 

The engagement is announced 
between David, son of the late 
Captain Euan Inchbald and Mrs 
Sally Inchbald. of Warwick 
Way. London, and Kate, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Roger Liliey, 
of Hascombe, Surrey. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Michael Sacher will be held in 
the West London Synagogue 
today at 6 pm. 

Birthdays today 

Professor C.B. AJIsopp, 82; Sir 
Peter Boon. 70; Mrs Heather 
Brigstocke, 57; Professor Bar- 
bara Clayton, 64; Mr Jimmy 
Connors. 34; Professor David' 
Daiches. 74; Sir Arthur Drew, 
74; Sir Oliver Forster, 61; Sir 
Edward Goschen, 73; Mr Mi-, 
chad Hastings. 48; Air Marshal 
Sir Paul Holder, 75; Mr P.B. 
Lucas, 71: Sir Patrick Moberiy, 
58; Lord Paget of Northampton, 

Mr LP. Baiter 
and Miss KX. Tridgell 
The engagement is announced, 
between Ian, son of Mr and Mrs 
D.l. Barber, of Burgess HilL 
Sussex, and Kathryn, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs F. Peter T ridgell, 
of Southgate, London. 

QC, 78; Sir .Alexander Ross. 79; 
Mr Patrick Shechy, 56; Viscount 
Simon. 84; Mr Victor Spinetli, 
53; Professor George Temple. 
85; the Right Rev David Young, 


Vkomle DAG. de Jonghe 

and Miss A J.P. Staples 
The engagement is announced 
between Dominique, elder son 
of (he late Vicomtc Guillaume 
de Jonghe d'Ardoye and 
Vicomiesse G. de Jonghe 
d'Ardoye, of Braine-TAlleud, 
Belgium, and Antonia, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Justin Staples, of 
the British Embassy, Helsinki. 

Mr P-E- Lewis 
and Miss CA. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of the late 
Mr Arnold Lewis, and of Mis 
Averii Lewis, of Swansea, West 
Glamorgan, and Carol, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A Smith, of 
Harlow, i Essex. 

Mr D.C.T. Lindsay 
and Mbs AW. King- Emmas 
The engagement is announced 
between David Charles 
Thomas, elder son of Major and 
Mrs George Lindsay, of 
"Glanmor", South cm down, 
Mid-Glamorgan, and Alexandra 
Wendy, younger daughter of the 
late Mr Robert Emmas and of 
Mrs Robert King-Emmas, of 

Mr KA. Mitchell 
and Mbs R-A. Murdoch 
The engagement is announced 
between Keith Arno, son of Mr 
and Mrs Arthur Mitchell, of 
Wareham, Dorset, and Rhoda 
Anne, second daughter of Mr 
and Mn Alexander Murdoch, of 
Pohnont, Stirlingshire. 

Mr J JX& Moseley 
and Miss RJ. Bailey 
The engagement is announced 
between James David Simon, 
son of the late Mr David 
Moseley, of Bishop's Stanford, 
Hertfordshire, and Mrs S. C 
Stuart-FimHay, of Fittieworth, 
West Sussex, and Rosamond 
Jill, eldest daughter of Mr D. W. , 
Bailey and the late Mis Pauline 
Bailey, of Radbrook, i 
Shropshire. . 

Mr R. NockoMs 
and Miss C Wondrausch 
The engagement is announced i 
between Richard, son of Mr and j 
Mis F.C. Nockolds, of Middle- 
ton-on-Sea. Sussex, and Clau- 
dia, younger daughter of Mrs 
M.A. Wondrausch. of 
Brickfields, Compton, Surrey, 
and of Mr W.A. Wondrausch, of 
London, W8, and Poulton. 

Mr SA Perks 
and Miss VJ. Simpson 
The engagement' is announced 
between Simon Anthony, eldest 
son of the late Mr and Mrs Tony 
Perks, of Esher, Surrey, and 
Victoria Joan, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs James Simpson, of 
Rye. Sussex. 

Mr MJD. Randall 
and Miss P.C. Hnghes 
The engagement is' announced 
between Mark, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs D.H. Randall, of 
Seaford, Sussex, and Penny, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Paul 
Hughes, of Guildford, Surrey. 

Mr D.V. Scott 

and Miss J-H. Smith 

The engagement is announced 

between David, younger son of 

Mr and Mrs C.V. Scott, of 

Axwell Park, Blaydon. Tyne and 
Wear, and Janine, only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs PA. Smith, of 
Newbury, Berkshire. 1 

Dr M.W. Scriveo . § 
aad Miss PXL Lawrence 
The engagement is announced ! 
between Mark, son of Dr and 
Mrs J.E Scriven, of Fulham, 
and Patricia, daughter of Mr and ' 
Mrs F.B: Lawrence, bf Harrow. 


Mr J.S. Lee 

and Mrs E.R. Matheson 
The marriage took place quietly 
on Friday. August 29. between 
Mr Jonathan Stephen Lee, 
youngest son of the late Thomas 
Marston Lee and of Mrs Fiona 
Lee. of 1 1 Hartford dose, 
Harbome. Birmingham, and 
Mrs Elizabeth Rosalind 
Matheson, cider daughter of the 
late Dr Parker Bradfield, of 
Waters Edge, Graveley, 
Hertfordshire, and of Mrs Ray- 
mond Green, of Roofcwood, 
Gyro, Herefordshire. 

Mr MD. Shindler 

and Miss C. Salthouse 1 

Mr P.L. de Quant 
and Miss SJ. Battman 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, youngest son of 
Mr P. de Quant, of Blaricum, 
The Netherlands, and Mrs H J. 
Dubbeidam, of Amstelveen, 
The Netherlands, and Sarah, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Geoffrey Battman, of 

Mr RFJSL Uoyd 
and Miss JX Heiroa 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, second son of 
Mr and Mrs RAH. Lloyd, of 
Lower Wood, Shropshire, and 
Janet, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R. G. Hriron, of All 
Sire! ion, Shropshire 

Mr J-B. Seymour 
and Miss J.C. Roberts-Wray 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Mrs Anna Seymour and the late 1 
Stanley Seymour, of Osborne 
House, Stoke Ferry, Norfolk, 
and Joanna, elder daughter of I 
Mr and Mrs B.P. Roberts-Wray, j 
of Chikote Manor, Wells, 

Mr T J. Sheldon 

and Miss J.M. Buxton 

The engagement is announced 

Mr AJPA. Drysdale 
and Miss NJ. Riddell 
The engagement is announced 
between Arthur, only son of Mr 
Arthur Drysdale and the late 
Mrs Irene Mary Drysdale. of 
Ely, Cambridgeshire, and 

Mr RJL Lopez 
and Miss GJVL Kiff 
The engagement is announced 
between Roland, son of Mr and 
Mrs E.O. Lopez, of North wood, 
and GiUain, daughter of Mr 
John Kilf of, Lowestoft. 

Nicola, younger daughter of Mr 
Francis RiddelL of Shrewsbury, 
Shropshire and Mrs Barbara 
Riddell, of Hastings, Sussex. 

The marriage took place on 
August 30, in Macclesfield, be- 
tween Mr David Shindler. eldest 
son of Judge G. Shindler, QC. 
and Mrs Shindler, and Miss . 
Catherine Salthouse. daughter 
of Mr and Mrs EL Salthouse. of 
Wilmslow, Cheshire. 

Mr RJ. Edkms 
and Miss F.K. Harby 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Charles Ed kins, of 
Arthur River, Western Austra- 
lia, and Fiona, only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Michael Harby, of 
Choseley Great Bara, Docking, 

Mr S.W. Lowe 
and Miss AH. Kornuum 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs W.H. Lowe, of 
Trentham, Staffordshire, and 
Andrea, only daughter of Mr 
and Mis J.G. Korina nn, of 
Chevy Chase, Maryland. 

between Timothy, youngest son 
of the Rev J.G. and Mrs 

Mr P. Middleman 
and Miss L. Tomasi 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, second son of Mr 
and Mrs Neville Mkldlemas, of 
Whitburn, Tyne and Wear, and 

Loretta, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Italo Tomasi, of 

and Mrs Italo Tomasi, 
Bun bury. Western Australia. 

of the Rev J.G. and Mrs 
Sheldon, of Cowden Rectory, I 
Kent, and Janey, eldest daughter | 
of Mr and Mrs John Buxton, of i 
Horsey Hall, Norfolk. 

Mr D -E. Turner 
and Miss A.CJVL Jefferis 
The engagement is announced 
between David Edward, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs SJ. Turner, 
of Harvey. Western Australia, 
and Angela Catherine Margaret 
only daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs G.M. Jefferis, 
of Amberiey, West Sussex, and 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a fine + 15S VAT 

(minimum 3 hoes) 

AimouiKvmcni*. authenticated by ibe 
name and permanent address of the 
j sender, may he soil to: 

REEVEU. : BRENNAN - On August 
30Ui at All Saint's Parish Church. 
Fulham, between Mr Philip Reevefl 
son of Mr And Mrs K Reeved, of 
MUMiesboroush. Cleveland, and 
Miss Anne Brennan, daughter of Mr 
J Brennan, of Crawley. Sussex. 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 



or telephoned (by ictcohone subv- 
cibers only! hr 01-481 3824 

Annmmc cmo m can be received by 
telephone between 1.00am and 

telephone between 

S.Jripm Monday lo Friday, on Satur- 
day between 4 00am and 12 noon. 

September 1936. by the Rev. 
Professor Archibald Main and the 
Rev. a. Nevue Davidson, at the 
Cathedral Church of SI Mungo. 
Glasgow, George O. Saytcv to Agnes 
J. Sutherland. Now at Warren HU. 
crowtwrough. Sussex. 

day between 9 00am and 12 noon. 
01-411 UN osW. For publication the 

king day by I.30pmi. 


etc on Court and Social Page te a Boa 
+ Wh VAT. 

Court and Social Pace annoucemenU 
can not be accepted by letcphooc- 
Enquirm la. BV822 9953 
(after 10 Vbmi. or tend to: 

1 PwdSpM l StreA Undos El SOL 

ASH Ruth Whitney. «n#e ElmtursU on 
August 3tst, peacefully M home at 
Slurpiuvn House, Tomes. Devon- 
Much loved wife of Maurice, mother 
of Hale. Marian and Claire and 
grandmother of Cosmo. Sam and 

Please allow 31 lead 4S hours before 

jrvn viid unto him. 'll imu runs) twttmr, 
mi itM<~n j,i- pcnuMe to Mm that 

MftmHh • 

M Mark ■» S3 

BANKER , on August 27Tb. 1986 at 
Ihe Hague. Holland. Cornells William 
Valenctln. O B E . aged 78. husband 
of WlUraut and rather of Kres. Kath- 
leen. Jos- and Martel. 


BARING on August 29th hi hospital af- 
ter a short Illness. Anayas Eietyn 
Giles aged 76. Betoved by Qalre and 
Mary. Funeral on Saturday Septem- 
ber 6 at 11 30 a m. at Nortiungion. 
near A lr e s ford. Hants. 

BARKER - On August 30th, at The 
Norfolk and Norwich Hospital. k> 
Stephanie and Tim. a son. Huw 
Alexander Simon. 

BtCKERMKE - On August 28th. at 
waiford General Hospital, to Susan 
liwe HonKOyl and Michael, a 

daughter. Natasha. 

BULKE1XY • On August 30th. al 
Bethesda Naval Hospital. Maryland. 
USA. i o Sue (nee Maniefl) and Motor 
John Rivers Buikeiey. a daughter. 
Virginia Dhabetb. a ststrr for Lucy 
and Camilla. 

OEWAR-DWBE on Auvrti 29th to 
Marguerite and Andrew, a son 
PMIHd Anthony. 

EDLM - On SSth August at Withlngton 
HospfiaJ Manchester, to Rat and 
Brian a daughter. GabrteUe Sarah, a 
sister for Carmen. 

LAZARUS ■ On 30th August at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital, to Deborah into 
Howard! and Richard, a son. Oliver 
Jotm Felix, a brother for Alexander. 

HURLEY - - On August 28th. to 
Cantona Into McLean) and 
Christopher, a daughter. Tamstn. A 
sister for Alexander. 

NKNOLSON - On August 26th. to 
JuMef into Cavendish) and Charles, a 
daughter. baM- 

MCKSON on August 29th to Chippy 
and Simon, a son, Ben Oliver. 

SANTS - On ls< September, to Sabina 
into Saeedi and Paul, a son. Ciaraa 
Bradley al Amcntiam General Het- 
ptUL Bucks. 

WEBSTER on 29th August 1986 at 
Odslock Hospital to Sally and John a 
daughter (KatnerlM Victoria) a staler 
lor Sarah and Mark. 

BELL - On August SOth peacefully In 
Uckndd Hospital. Roun. beloved 
husband of Shirley and very loving 
father of Fiona. M artftew and men- 
ard. Reg utem Mass ai 2.30 pm on 
Thursday September an. al St 
MargarH"* Church. Buxted Park. 
Family Dowers only please but dona- 
tions U desired for the Imperial 
Cancer Research fund may be sent 
c/o Fuller and Scott. The Waketams. 
L'CMKld 3241 

BERGER • On August 28th. 1986. 
peacefully at home after a long to- 
nes*. MlclteL beloved husband or 
Cynthia, also sadly mtased by his 
children and grandchildren. Funeral 
private. Memorial Service to be 

CARLESS - On Augred 3 1st Peacefully 
at home, bt Ekorl Ruby Mary 
(Molly) aged BO. dearly loved wife of 
James Klngdon (Jack) Caries, a dear 
mother and grandmother. Funeral 
All Sami's Church. Marlow. Friday. 
September 8th. 12 JUpitl loUowed by 
Private cremation. 

EASTEAL - On 30th August. Suddenly 
In Southport. Queensland. Peter, 
much loved nusbaiM of Maryerte and 
fattier of Suzanne. Simon and 

fisher on 3001 August, aged 96, 
Rosamond Chevallier. Lady Flstaer Of 
Lambeth. For 66 yearn Use beloved 
wife of Geoffrey Francta. ArtMtahop 
of Canterbury, mother, grandmother 
and great grandmother- Funeral 
Trent Church, nr SfwrtonM. Dorset 
at 2.30pm on Tuesday. 9Bi Septan- 
ber. Family flowers only. 


HARRIS ; EVANS - The marriage took 
place on Friday. 29tb August al 
Hading* Registry Office, between 
Christopher Harris and Fiona CUen 
Evans. The honeymoon win be spent 
In Greece. 

HARTLEY : EYKON - On August 30th. 
1986. alSt Oswald's Church. Thorn- 
ton in Lonsdale. Grange Thomas. 
of Mr and Mrs Tom Hartley of 
L«yUnd Farm. Wray to Felicity Jane 
Katvy. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
David Eynon of Masongm Lodge. 

OLDHAM: ABBOTT -On August 30th. 
at Cookham Dean. Berkshire. Frank 
Trevor, son ofthe late Mr K OMhani 
and Mrs C OWlum^Austhi to Susan 
Caret, daughter or Mr and Mrs M 
Abbott of Cookham Rise. Berkshire. 

FORD, Sir Edward OJL£. August 
27th. 1986 genceftilly & Ms m- 
dence poets Point. Sydney M._Cr 
I 96a OBE.. MD MELB-. LITT. D D. 
(HON)SYD.. D P M. LONL. D. T. M. 
(HON).. F.2JS. F. R SAN. L. 
FAC.MA. Emeritus Professor. 
Sydney UnKentty. Bekned son of 
Edward and Mary Ford. Deany 
loved brother to Charles (deceased} 
and Florence, loved unde of Marga- 
ret Wtna and Ckw. CXUre. 
Russeo. Edward and Dorothy. 

FORREST. Hazel Margaret Into Robin- 
son) - Betoved wife of George, much 
loved daughter of Geda and OaugHs. 
stater of Elizabeth and Pau*. ResuR of 
a car accident August 26tb on the 
eve of her 34th Birthday. FuaerN 
Service at Golden Green Crematori- 
um. West ChapeL an Friday. 6*h 
September, at 3pm- Hewers to 
Golden Green Crematorium by 
2.30pm on (he day of dw ftmeraL 

GARNETT Christopher Bradshaw "GB" 

■ on 3lsl Aug peacefully at he son's 
home In Crickhowed after a short 1U- 
ness. Deeply loved by hta son John 
and uaughler-m-law Katie for whom 
he had an especial affection, daugh- 
ter GUI and family In Australia, and 
daughter Susan and Camay In Africa- 
Adored and adoring grandpa Chrta to 
Sophie. Polly and Atexa. Robert and 
Fiona and vty dear long tone friend 
of Dorothy. Lasting memories of 
Clayesmore (SparshoR). Peterhouse 
and his service In Africa and particu- 
larly tus life time association wflh the 
East India and Sports Club, and the 
affection far the many who gave him 
friendship there. Cremation Frl 5 Hi 
Se«. arrangements by Williams and 
Son. Abergavenny. Tel (0873) 394Z. 
Family garden flowers only please, 
very grateful thanks to all the staff of 
the Crlckhoweu Health Centre to 
whom donations should be sent If 

Weems On August 29 1986 after a 
long Illness bravely borne. Lama 
greatly loved wife of Lieutenant Col- 
onel Pat Higgins and mother of 
Stephen. Win and Kau. Funeral to 
the chapel of The Royal Military 
Academy. Sandhurst al 11.00 am on 
5th September. Flowers and ennui- 
riea lo David Greedy. Funeral 
Director. Dukes Ride. Crowthorae. 
Tel: Crowthorne 773741. 

JARKATT - On Friday. 29th August, 
peacefully al her home. The Old 
HaU. Kirk Ella. Dorothy, the very 
dearly loved wife of Tom Perctval 
and mother of Eileen and Nancy. 
Cremation private. Service of 
Thanksgiving al SI Andrew's 
Church. Kirk Ella. Tuesday. 9th 
Seta nl ier. al 1 1 .00 am. 

JOHNSON - On August 29lh. peaceful- 
ly In hospital, carol Louise, aged 80, 
to St Andrew*. New Brunswick, 
Canada. Dearly loved wife of Peter , 
and mother of Peter and Wanda. 
Memorial Sendee later In England. . 
J O HtT T on August 29th. aged 85 
years. Ronald Edward CB E- M-D., < 
MJLC.P-. F-SLCLS.. D-L.O- Of 1 
Costorth. Newcastle Upon Tyne and ; 
formerly of SunOeriand. Dear hus- 
band of the late Lilian and father or 
Andrew and me late' Peter, service 
al All Saints Church. Gosforlh. on 
Friday 5th September al 1 1.45am 
followed by cremation at West Road 
at 12.30pm. Family flowere only 

KELT - Peacefully at Hunters Hffl 
Nursing Home. Glasgow, on 29th 
August. 1986. Margaret McKinnon 
Kett. Funeral al Glasgow Crematori- 
um. Mary HUL on Wednesday. 3rd 
S ept e mb er, at u.45am. No flowers 
p l eas e . 

KETC8BI • On 30th August 1986. 
gently al Cheltenham General Hospi- 
tal. Archie of 21 Vatoty Road. 
Cirencester. Dearly loved and devot- 
ed husband of Valerie and father of 
Smh Jane and Judith Rebecca. Fu- 
. ncral Service on Wednesday 3rd 
September 1140 am at SI Peurs 
Church. Stratton- Cirencester. Flow- 
ers and emiulrlcJ Ip: Packer & Slade 
(Funeral Direaora). l City Bank 
Road. Cirencester. Tel: (0289) 3528. 
KDOdJUL Peter - Suddenly on August 
29UL 1966. aged 64 yearn to Ms 
home Javea. Alicante Province. 
Spain. Betoved husband of Edith 
(LucyL tcrvfng blher of Sheen*, dear 
grandfather of Robert and Susanna 
and devoted brother Of Pamela V. 
Kinnear. The funeral has taken mace 
to Javea. a Memorial Service win be 
held >n Shropshire. Details will be an- 
nounced Inter. 

MAHSON oa August 29th. MaeefuBy 
In the John Radellfle Hospital. Ox- 
forcL Bethla CBaOuej. aged 83. widow 
of Jack and dearly loved Mamma of 
Margaret and Brian and grandmoth- 
er of Ttan and Cartone. step 
grandmother of Chve and Wendy. 
Cremanan al Oxford on Tuesday 
2nd September 4.15 pm. Flowers to 
Arthur Bruce. Argyte Street Oxford. 
NEWALL - On August 23rd. suddenly 
to Lmccbatare. Maurice James 
Newafl. dearest Intend of Joan. 
Funeral private. 

PRIOR - Oh Angus! 30th. 1986. sud- 
denly and peacefully at tier home. 
Derwent Moose. 2 Dmurharrm A ve. 
Leamington Spa. Florence Margaret 
(Joannaj aged 81. A beloved stater, 
aunt. Mend and teacher. Funeral 
Service at Hofy Trinity Church. 
Thursday 4th September at 3-OOum. 
feflowed by cremation. FamBy dow- 
ers only Mease. 

PWE - On August 30th. 1986. In St 
Luke's HamtaL peacefully KaUe 
Ged! Stronacti. widow of Desmond, 
mother of Christine. Anthony and 
Michael, grandmother of Suzannah. 
Katie. David. Louise and Alexander, 
stater of Audrey and Daphne. Flints' 
al Sendee al St Mary's. Quarry SL 
Guildford, on Friday. September 6th. 
at 2.30pm. Miowed by cremation. 
Family Gowers only please, dona- 
tions if desired tar Bacon Ward 
Fund. St Luke's, c/o and all enqui- 
ries please to PUrura Funeral 
Serwces. Charters. Mary Rd. 

i REYNOLD - on August 29th 1986. 
peacefully after a short Illness, Regi- 
na (Regy) of Brighton, the beloved 
mother of Frederic. Funeral Service 
ai the Downs Crematorium. Bear 
I Road. Brighton, on Monday Septem- 
ber am. at 12 noon. Flowers may be 
sent to A (tree & Kent Ltd. Funeral 
Directors. 113 Church Street. Brigh- 
ton. Tel Brighton 688 228. 

RYAN. GeraM C. M.BJE.. - Peacefully 
at home to GulldtariL m 30th Au-{ 
gust Leaves loving wife Maureen 
and daughters Angela. Carolyn and 
Susan. i 

SPENCER On Friday, 29lh August, to 
his 86th year. Ingram, of Little Han- 
I font, nr BUndtord. Dorset Husband 
of Sheila: lather of Rosemary, 
j. Steven. Euan. Sraan. David. Jemma. 
] Bing. Sheila. Frances. Jingo. Harry: 
step-father to Edward Mott- Crema- 
tion at Poole Crematorium at 10.00 
am on Wednesday. 3rd September, 
tallowed hv a Sendee of Thanksgiv- 
ing to be held at Qdkl Oketard 
Church on the same day at 11.30 
am. Flowers to David CherrefL 10 
Market Place. Btandford. or If Pre- 
ferred donations to the Dorset 
Association or Boys Chios, c/o Mid- 
land Bank. Dorchester. 

THOMPSON - On August 29th. 1986.) 
peacefully. Mr D H Sam Thompson. I 
CMC.. T.D.. of Ashley Court. 
Ashley. Nr Market Harborough. 
Leicestershire, aged 71 years, loving 
husband of Twinkle, dearly loved 
rather of Ttan. Virginia. Charles and 
Victoria and a much loved grand- 
father. At his request, the funeral 
win be private. No flowers but dona- 
tions please if desired to RNLL c/o 
Lloyds Bank. Market Harborough. 

WATKINS - After a short Illness, on 
29th August at Sanaa Mar&Jna 
Oliver Watkins MBE. JP. FRIGS, 
aged 93 years of 2 The Him Sketty, 
Swansea. Funeral strictly Private at 
Quaker Meeting House. Swansea. No 
flowers please. There win be a 
Memorial Service of Thanksgiving at 
2.30pm. Ob Thursday. 4th Septem- 
ber at St Paul's Church. Sketty. 

WHTTLEY - On August 310 1986 In : 
Lymtogton Hospital. Alteon, of 2 
Woodude Close. Lynrfngpon. Dear i 
wife of Ate Manful Sir John wwi- | 
ley. and mother of Jock. Hugh and j 
Chris, and stepmother of Christo- 
pher. David and Piers. Funeral , 
service at BoMreOiurch at it. 4Sara \ 
Oft Friday. September 50. followed i 
by private cremation al Soutiump- , 
ton Crematorium. Flowers may be i 
sent lo F.W. House and Sam. 
Lyitongten. but douabans If prefertd; I 
» me Royal Air Force Benevolent 1 1 
Fund. 67 Portland Place. London 
Wi. Please no tetters. 

YOUNGER - On August 30th. Nancy 
aged 86. betoved widow or Bobbie 
Younger and the late Freddie 
L a sse Oer . mother of Matthew. Joe 
and Daffy. Funeral private. aO 
fltottfrfes to Carno Hanson. 
Newbury. Barks. 


WOOM* Service of Thanksglvtog for 
the lUo at Rev Canon Fred Woodd 
win be held al Winchester Cathedral 
on Monday lSta September at 


WARD - Stacey George. Professor 
Emeritus, who dted September 2nd. 
1980. Much loved husband aon 
hreUMr. Helen. I 

Canon Trevor Beeson, 
Speaker’s Chaplain and Rec- 
tor of St Margaret’s, West; 
minster, who is to be the am 
Dean of Winchester. Aged 60, 
be succeeds the Very Rev 
Michael Standiffe, who is 
resigning on October 1, it was 
amionnced yesterday. Well 
known as a w ri ter and broad- 
caster, Canon Beeson is chair- 
man of (he theological 
publishing house, SCM Press. 
In collaboration with die 
Speaker be has raised nearly 
£Im for the restoration of St 


fere nee held at tbe Edinburgh 
Sheraton Hotel last night. The 
American Ambassador, the Earl 
of Elgin and Kincardine, Mr 
Robert Cumming, Chairman of 
the ESU Scottish National 
Committee, and the Very Rev 
Dr David Steel also spoke. 

Memorial service 

Mr AJ. Leruer 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Alan Jay 
Lerner was bdd yesterday at St 
Paid's, Covent Garden. The Rev 
Michael Hurst-Bannister offici- 
ated. Mr Tony Britton, Mr Tim 
Rice. Mr Douglas Fairbanks. 
Jnr. and Mr Alan Bates read 
from the works of Mr Lerner. 
Miss Sally Ann Howes and Mr 
Robert Meadmore sang "From 
This Day On**, Miss Howes also 
sang “The Heather on the HiiT, 
Mr Daniel Massey sang “Gigi", 
Mr David Keraan “On a Clear 
Day You Can See Forever** and 
Miss Patricia Routledge ‘Take 
Care of This House". The 
chorus from My Fair Lady 
performed “Ascot Gavotte". 
Among others present were: 

Mrs Liz Rooertsoa Lemar < widow), 
Mr Mlcftael Lerner OOtO. Mr and Mrs 
A.D. Robertson. Mr D-A. Pronser. 
Mt» Penny RlcJimond. Mr AJA. 
Mundy. Mr and Mrs Victor AhJen. 

Lora and tady Aberdare. Sir John 
and Lady Mitts. Count and Countess 
de la Beraudtere. Miss Evelyn Laye. 
Mr Andrew Uoyd Webber and Mtea 
Sarah Brlghtman. Mr Derek Waring 
and Mtas Dorothy Tulin. Miss 
Annnda Waring. Mtas ElteaDeth 
Welch. Miss Edna O'Brien. Mrs 
Stanley Holloway. Mr Ned Sherrin. 

Freddy Carpenter. Mr and Mrs aumv 
Green. Mrs Davtd Jacobs. Mtas Dinah 
Sheridan. Mr John Marivale Mr 
Louis Benjamin. Mr Baz BaaMxm. 
Mr and Mrs Richard caldecofo. Mr 
Robert Dewynim. Miss Eiame Del- 
mar. Mr Robert FteidUM. Mr George 
Hoare (Theatre Royal. Drury LaneL 
Mr Anthony Peek (LM Theatres). Mr 

Ian Sevan (Harold netdtaaLtmUed 
Mr Dare suvemum tedugr.jwovick 

Mr Martin Tlckner. Mr Philip Stroud. 
Mr James Stroud. Mr and Mbs E 
Jones i Gallery First Ntghters' Club). 
Mr Les Freeman. Mr Dougtas Rae. 
Mtas Anne Rogers. Mr and Mm 

Lawrence Ewans. Mr arid Mrs Hugh 
Tierney. Mr Kalman Glass. Mrs Keith 
Anderson. Mr John Otandlcr. Mr 

Brian Coleman. Mr andMr-iRogBT 
SchleMnger. Mr David MetcaUe. Mr 
Julian htouoway. Mr J Henny KJ 

sj- ^-^SdFSSSSS: 

Mr toby Rowland, Mr W UKam 
Cnmshaw. Mm Charlotte James. Mr 
Roland Joffc. Mtescmian Lynne. Miss 
Cherie LungL Mr Robin MMgeiy. Mtas 
Ruth Miictien, MT Robert NesMtL Mr 
Graham Pavn. Mr and Mrs HaraM 
Prince. Mr and Mrs Andrew Sinclair. 
Mr Derek Grainger, Mr Un Suther- 
land. Mr Jack Tinker. Mr Dennis van 
Thai and Mtas Jill Martin. 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Tbe Army 

132 teams in 
bridge final 

A total of 132 teams who have 
qualified for the final of the 
English Bridge Union's Swiss 
teams championship competed 
over ten matches at the Queen's 


Latest appointments include; 
Mrs Jndfeb Chaney, assistant 
registrar of the Council for 
National Academic Awards, to 
be the council's registrar for an 
’and design in succession to Mr 
Hywd James. J 

St Paul’s Girls’ 
School League 

The annual meeting of Si Paul’s 
Girls* School League wSl be 
held on September 20 and will 

be followed by a supper party. 
All Old Gins are wdconut 

All Old Gins are welcomet 
Please contact league secretary 
at the school _ 

Chartered Institute 
of Arbitrators 

The foUowii% were successful in ' 
Pan Q of foe examination 
vship of ibe dar- 
of Arbitrators: 

Mr G Bathgate. Mr L 
S Brtediw. Mr.G 
J.CrlBW. M£K RK , 

fel topTMr PFMa 
iMlmSMrA Wake. 



Active contribution to the counsels of the Church 

: ' nowiv-farmed British Count 

Lady Fisher of Lambeth, 
fwidow of Lord Fisher rtf 
! Lambeth, Archbishop of Cau- 
lertmry from 1945 to 1961, 
died on August 30at the age of 
96. She had a remarkably 
inierestingUfe which she lived 
to the ftilL With her Hvely and 
critical mind and strength of 
character she would have 
made her mark under any 
i circumstances. 

As it was, she became foe 
ideal consort of a very young 
headmaster of Repton School 
who was subsequently Bishop 
of Chester, then Bishop of 
London and, finally. Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. 

In all these important roles 
Lady Fisher made a very 

the piano in spite of the din 

positive contribution, sup- and dusL As soon as tney 
porting hCT husband and tak- could, they created a hostel 

E^gfish-fipeakiag Union 
The Duke of Edinburgh, Presi- 
dent of the English-Speaking 
Union of foe Commonwealth, 
was in the chair at the opening 
dinner of the English-Speaking 
Union World Members’ Con- 

ing a leading part herself in 
church affairs m addition to 
bringing up a family of six 

Rosamond Chevallier 
Forman was born at Repton 
on May 1 1, 1890, the seventh 
of a family of 12 children. Her 
grandfather, Dr S. A. Pears, 
had been headmaster of 
Repton School, and her father, 
tbe Rev A. F. E Forman, was a 
housemaster. In 1917, when 
training to become a mission- 
ary, she married Geoffrey 

Her husband became Bish- 
op of London at' the outbreak 
ofthe Second World War. Life 
was inevitably difficult, and 
Fulham Palace did not escape 
war damage. Fisher's appoint- 
ment to Canterbury involved 
taking over Lambeth Palace 
and the Old Palace at Canter- 
bury. Lambeth Palace had 
been badly bombed, and the 
family had to live in the 
basement until it was restored. 

They remained cheerful and 
undaunted, and Lady Fisher 
could often be heard playing 

where clergy from all over the 
world could stay. 

Fisher was the first arch- 
bishop to travel widely 
throughout the Anglican com- 
munion, often accompanied 
by his wife, Together, they 

promoted a relaxed family 
feeling wherever they went, a 
gift which was evident during 
the Lambeth Conferences of 
1 94S and 1 958. These were the 
last such conferences held 
under the hospitable roof of 
Lambeth Palace itself 

Although she could never be 
described as a feminist in the 
modem sense, maintai n ing 
i ha t a woman's first duty was 
to support her husband and be 
a homemaker, Lady fisher 
believed fervently in the con- 
tribution of women both in 
foe counsels ofthe church and 
in public life. 

Her fairness and shrewd- 
ness were much marked, and 
she was an excellent speaker. 
She served many organiza- 
tions with distinction, notably 
the Mothers' Union, of which 
she was president, and the 

newly-formed British Council 
of Churcbes, with its emerging 
overseas aid department, 
Christian Aid. 

When the archbishop re- 
tired in 1961, be and his wife, 
lived in tbe village of Trent in 
Dorset, where he acted as 
unpaid curate, and they both 
took an active part in v illage 

The words ofthe Old Testa- 
ment prophet - “He that 
betieveth shall not make 
baste” - could be applied ’with 
singular aptness to Rosamond 
Fisher. She covered the maxi- 1 
mum of ground with foe 
minimum of fuss, moving 
from one place to another 
presiding, organizing, speak- 
ing and entertaining with a 
quiet certainty and convic- 
tion. her strength of character 
and calmness of bearing deny- 
ing from the same source. She 
led a devotional life which was 
as strong as it was 


She loved the Bible and foe 
Book of Common Prayer. 
This love, coupled with her 
own private prayers, gave her 
the courage and the spiritual 
strength to carry her heavy 
responsibilities, which she did 
with increasing grace. It was a 
habit ofhers to spend a time of 
prayer before fulfilling a pub- 
lic engagement 

There was another, lighter 
side to her character a touch 
of vagueness, almost at times 
of elusivesness, which occa- 
sionally caused her almost to 

forget an engagement altogeth- 
er. She had a splendid sense of 

humour, and the stories she 
used to ten, often against 
herself, of this or that amusing 
incident in her public or 
domestic life, were accompa- 
nied by a most infectious 
laugh, and a gift for mimicry. 


Rear-Admiral D. H. Ever- 
ett, CB, CBE, DSO, who died 
on August 26 at the age of 86, 
was executive officer of the 
light cruiser, HMSAjax. at tbe 
Battle of the River Plate, 
during the course of which he 
took command of the ship 
after his captain had been 
injured by a shell splinter. 

The first British naval suc- 
cess ofthe Second World War, 
the Plate action heartened 
public opinion at home, ter- 
minating as it did the com- 
merce-raiding career of the 
German pocket-battleship, 

Douglas Henry (Tol?y) Ev- 
erett was boro on June 16, 
1900, and educated at Oak- 
ham School. He entered the 
Navy as a cadet in HMS 
Conway in 1913 before going 
to Dartmouth. 

During the first World War 
be served as midshipman and 
sublieutenant of the battle- 
ships Zealandia and Resolu- 
tion and was appointed MBE 
in 19i9 for his organizational 
skills. Shortly afterwards, he 
was sent to South Wales where 
he served as an intelligence 
officer during a miners' strike. 

He went on to specialize in 
sig n als and over the next few 
years served in some of the 
best-known big ships of the 

At 6.08 a.m. on December 
13, 1939, Ajax, canring the 
force commander, Commo- 

day, the battleships Queen 
Elizabeth , Nelson and 

Elizabeth , Nelson and. 
War spite, and the ' 
battlecruiser Renown, where 
he was squadron signal officer 
and flag lieutenant-command- 

Having been promoted 
commander, he joined Ajax in 
1937 as executive officer, as 
such responsible to the cap- 
tain for the fighting organiza- 
tion of the ship. 

In the autumn of 1 939, with 
the attacks of German pocket- 
battleships on merchant ship-* 
ping causing serious concern 
to the Admiralty, raider hunt- 
ing groups were formed, and 
Ajax was assigned to Force G 
in the South Atlantic, joining , 
the heavy cruisers, Exeter and 
Cumberland, and the New 
Zealand light cruiser, AchiUes. 
Their task was to rack down 
Graf Spec which was wreaking 
havoc among merchant ship- 
ping in foe Atlantic and 
.Indian oceans. 

force commander, commo- 
dore Harwood, and steaming 
in company with Exeter and 
Achilles to foe east of the 
River Plate, sighted smoke to 
foe northwest; shortly after- 
wards Graf Spee was identi- 
fied and battle joined. 

Tbe superior weight of shell 
from the pocket-battleship's 
1 1-inch guns soon reduced the 
eight-inch gun Exeter to a 
virtual hulk, leaving 
Langsdorffi her captain, free 
to concentrate on the light 
cruisers whose six-inch guns 
were scarcely larger than his 
secondary armament. Ajax, 
spiritedly taking the fight to 
oraf Spee at ranges as dose as 
8,000 yards, had her two after 
gun turrets wrecked, and then 
sustained a hit which brought 
down her topmast, mid 
knocked her captain, CH.L 
Woodhouse, unconscious. 

Everett immediately took 
control of the ship and extri- 
cated her from a situation 
which was becoming perilous, 
by turning to the east under a 
smoke screen. At a safer range 
she then stalked the pocket 
battleship with Achilles, until 
Graf Spee took refuge in 
Montevideo harbour, where 
she was subsequently 

In foe ettation for foe DSO 
which his skill and resolve 
earned him, Everett was par- 
ticularly commended for the 
way in which be bad, in the 
months prior to the battle, 
worked up the ship's company 
to a pilch which enabled them 
to stand the test of battle so 
well, against a dangerous and 
powerful enemy. He also had 
the unusual distinction of 
being promoted captain at sea 
for his role in the action. 

His war career continued a 
distinguished one. In 1942, be 
was involved in planning the 
invasion of Sidly as chiefstaff 
officer to Force V, and he was 
subsequently mentioned in 
despatches for his role in 
providing shore bombard- 
ments during the Sicily and 
Anzio landings. 

In 1944, he got his first 
command proper, that of the 
aircraft carrier. Arbiter, in the 

Far East, and he became 
Commodore-in-Charge, Hong 
Kong, in 1945. His services in 
this theatre were recognized 
with his appointment as CBE. 

Among postwar appoint- 
ments were command of the 
battleship Duke of York, and 
in 1949 he became the first 
Flag Officer Ground Training 
with responsibility for training 
all the ground personnel in 
naval aviation. He was Presi- 
dent of the Admiralty Inter- 
view Board from 1951 to 
1952, when he retired. 

Everett also received a 
number of foreign decora- 
tions, among them Officer of 
the Chilean Order of Merit for 
services he rendered in foe 
aftermath of tiie earthquake al 
Concepcion in 1939, while 
serving in Ajax. 

His wife, Margery, whom he 
married in J 93Z died in 1 981 
Three sons and a daughter 
survive him. . 


Dr Harry Benjamin, an 
endocrinologist and pioneer 
in the surgical treatment of 
trans-sexuausm, died on Au- 
gust 24. He was 101. 

Boro in Berlin, he was 
educated at the university 
there, before emigrating to 
America in 1913. 

During the 1930s, be was 
mone the first to recognize 

among foe first to recognize 
that trans-sexualism - a condi- 
tion in which individuals, 
mainly men, feel that they are 
trapped inside a body of the 
“wrong” sex - had some basis 
in physiology and was not an 
out-and-ont psychiatric 

It was not a popular view 
and Benjamin, who also 
emphasised that trans- 
sexualism was different from 
homosexuality or transves- 
tism - phenomena with which 
it was often confused - was 
widely considered by his peers 
to be out of step with reality. 

He published, in 1966, The 
Trans-sexual Phenomenon, 

Benjamin is survived by tus 
wife, Greta, whom he married 
in 1925. 

Science report 

Prenatal probe to detect liver fault 

By a Spedal Correspondent 

Early prenatal diagnosis of a 
crippling, often feral, genetic 
defect, of which a liver trans- 
plant is currently the only 
effective treatment, is expected 
from work at the Medical Be* 
search Council’s Human Bio- 
chemical Genetics Unit h 

I /miiiw. 

With the belp af Dr Alex 

College hfa*co^ 

lea g u e s, the research ndfs set- 
entists are developing the use of 
gene probes to identify foetuses 
fK«fcfeg from an abnormality in 

a single protein, alpha-l- 
aotitrypsai; soefa babies have a 
greatly increased risk of 
developing severe liver disease. 

Not all children with the 
defect become ill bat ft may 
prove possible to single oat, 
gen eti c all y, those who wflL The 
work, fended by Action Re- 
search fur tbe Crippled Child, 
has the long-term aim of 
preventing the disease* It nay 
also, in rae mea n t ime , suggest 
ways, other than transplants, ^ 
treating 1& 

Dr David Hopklnson, director 
o f the m ut, said a lpha- 1 - 
antitrypsin is a protease ialtib* 
tear, one of a groap of proteins 
whose task is to regafcte the 
activity of other pr o t ein s , which 
control inflammation. 

On them rests foe fine balance 
hi the body between proper 

ma in tena nce and repair and 
excessive damage to healthy 
tissue by over-activity of the 
proteins they control. Different 
types of af pa a - l-a iitit i y p ai n are 
detectable by electrophoresis 
and are riasaaied by letters of 
the alphabet, the «»«»»— Hunt 
type being W. 

The troublesome one, known 
as *Z\ differs Cram ‘M7 by a 
single amino-acid. In Britain 
about 200 baMes a year are bom 
with it, though some might go 
through life not knowing any- 
thing is wro n g. Apart from fiver 
damage to one in ten is a 
high risk of emphysema. 

The *Z* protein h less efficient 
at rafttioUnig an enzyme which 
clears op tobacco damage to the 
bag and it is possible that all 
*Zs who smoke would get 

environmental. Interacting with 
T to cause this. 

Abort five years ago the team 
devised a foetal blood test to 
(feted foe abnormality. It coaid 
not be done until abort 20 weeks 
of pregnancy when abortion 
cmdd be unacceptable far many 

emphysema. The protein b 
made in the fiver. In the cases 
wifo Hver damage foe *Z’ protein 
accmanlates there, resulting in 
jaundice, defects In Mood dot 
ting and cirrhosis. 

Once a couple have had a *2? 
baby the chances are one En four 
foe next baby will also be a *2-’ 
Unhappily, it seems that if % 
first baby has had fiver 
the risk to the a ext fe ranch 
higher than one in ran and 
possibly as high as four in five. 
One ana of foe research fa to 
Identify other factors, genetic or 

The test has been carried ort 
In 25 pregnancies on 18 women 
who have previously had a fiver- 
damaged baby, aad in each case 
where T was found foe mother 
chose abortion, despite the htfe 
stage of the pregnancy and there 
no absolute certainty ihe 
baby wwdd be affected. 

The research Is part of an 
intern ational effort to make foe 
decision less traumatic for the 
Bofoer. The gene coding far 
alpba-I-antitrypsin had been 
isolated. Dr Hopfiasw said, 
and its relationship to other 
geaesra the same chrowm^se, 
number ] 4, was under 

ft* ft* *5* ««* iis«ff 
could be identified at the DNA 
tewd. With DNA probes for foe 
gene, according to Dr 
Hoptamou, H would be possible 
to timiiSj the defect at nine 
Kntg chorionic villi sam- 
pasg. emuaini^ material d cn- 
tmed to be the placenta brt of 

foe sam e genetic maheim as foe 


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Glory in 
the mud 

Tkt Krypton Factor (Granada) 
takes Its name from $n- 
perinan s native pfamet rather 
rnw from the "rare inert 
gaseous element" defined by 
ifes dictionary, and the contes- 
tants aspire to the graadUo- 
<PKnt title of UJL Soper- 
person, which is (I suppose) 
rare; dynamic and fairly 
subst antial. To tins end, they 
mot reverse eight-digit num- 
bers off tbe tops of their heads; 
sp$t the differences in two 
separate, takes of the 
filmed narrative; engage m 
something called the Flei- 
srtwnann (or possibly Flash- 
man) Flexibility Test; cover 
themselves in mod and glory 
« an army assault course; and 
line np for a session of rapid- 
fire general-knowledge quest- 

The dffficslty and ingenuity 
of the tests have always distin- 
iaisbed The Krypton Factor 
from nm-of-the-mili game 
shows, but by the 'same token 
(he opportunity fw paitidpa- 
tkm by its viewing audience is 

largely replaced by the spec- 
tacle of the ordeals involved: 
rather them than me. 

Last night the show cele- 
brated its tenth' birthday by 
mrrdHng some smtabfy space- 
age new titles and a spanking 
new-set which owed much to 
the flight-deck of the Starsldp 
Enterpr i se. The d tiaia com- 
peting, however, were the 
usual roand-np of real people: 
a housewife, a design assis- 
tant, a head teacher and a 
rebarbative divine from Ulster 
(“Here comes the Belfest 
clergyman!” enthused Gordon 
Burns's voice-over as he stag- 
gered through the mud). The 
housewife swept the board. 

Later, We’U Think cf Some- 
thing (Thames) opened a new 
sit-cam about unemployment, 
with Sam Kelly as a pugna- 
cious middle-aged man reres- 
ing to accept the indignities rtf 
redundancy — a sort of less 
physically dangerous version 
@F Yosser Hngbes. 

Mr Kelly is an engagnag 
performer with a nice line ha 
frozen embarrassment, but 
here he is saddled . with a 
pedestrian script and a bevy of 
stock supporting characters, 
from a "helpful" harridan of a 
neighbour to a frtber who is 
permanently ^dyfqg" in hos- 
pital But at feast gets to 
wear his own specs, instead of 
the wire-frame jobs ha ’AUo, 

Martin Cropper 

Summerfare in New York State: James R. Oestreich reports 

A comedy all too frivolous 

New Yorkers weary of the 
annual round of Mostly Mo- 
zan at Lincoln Center have 
increasingly begun to journey. 

to the State University 
of New York at Purchase, for 
the PepsiCo Summerfare.' 
Now seven years old. the 
festival continues to grow 
mon? adventurous, this year 
most notably in the theatrical ' 
realm. Musically, there was an 
air of anticlimax, which was 
hardly surprising after last 
season's bold simultaneous 
presentation of three Handel 
operas. This summer's fere 
was mostly Haydn, much of it 
unhackneyed; but ironically it 
is Mozart who lingers in tire 

The lone opera production, 
Cosi Jan lutte. brought to- 
gether two key elements oflast 
year's Handctfcst — the Bos- 
ton Early Music Festival Or- 
chestra (Tam?) and the 
director Peter Sellars ( Giuiio 
Cesarc). This production 
(“based only in small port" on 
Sellars's 1984 mounting of 
Cosi at Castle Hill, Massachu- 
setts) launched Summerfare’s 
projected cycle of the major 
Mozart operas, all to be 
directed by Sellars - who, 
according to a recent surprise 
announcement by the Ken- 

nedy Center in Washington. 
DC, will be taking a year’s 
leave of absence from bis post 
as director of the American 
National Theater. 

Sellars, it will be recalled, 
likes to update the staging, 
down to the (readiest touch, 
and feirly revels in con- 
troversy. Here for a change, in 
an opera often treated as a 
light-hearted romp, it was the 
dead seriousness of his basic 
approach that drew the most 
comment. In his notes, he 
acknowledged the “rip-roaring v 

sure-fire comedy" of the first 
act, but described the second 
as “a dry-eyed, unsentimental 
meditation on perdition of 
almost unbearable precision". 
To this observer, however, the 
was not serious 

bad to have his tittle 
jokes, drawing upon the most 
jqune forms of American 
tde vision comedy. Thus, with 
the action set in a contem- 
porary diner, "Despina's", 
GuglieJmo and Fenando were 
presented as the "wQd and 
crazy guys" of the Saturday 
Might Live skit And, to con- 
clude Act L die Despina, Sue 
Ellen Kuzma, appeared as “Dr 
Ruth" (WestheunerX the ubi- 
quitous, diminutive, plain- 

spoken exponent of exu- 
berant, "good" sex, equipped 
with a DieHard energizer lo 
recharge the boys' batteries. 

Iconodasm, of course, has 
hs uses, and one admires 
Sellars’s enthusiasm in batting 
down operatic dichfa — to the 
extent that he can find some- 
thing creative to put hi their 
place. But such paltry jokes, 
juxtaposed with Mozart's ex- 
quisite musical humour, are 
surely not that This kind of 
camp comes perilously dose 
to the standard New York 

City Opera buriesquerie. (It 
must be admitted, however, 
that it brought down the house 
—just as it unfailingly does at 
City Opera.) 

Then, too, Sellars's ad- 
vanced ideas about staging, 
presumably calculated to fos- 
ter immediacy of response 
from a modem audience, sit 
oddly alongside a musical 

antiquarian igjt> tha t retains 

the foreign text and, in a 
departure for him, was here 
extended even to the use of 
period instruments. This, at 
least, was cause fin gratitude. 
At the penultimate perfor- 
mance, the Early Music band 
played as well as I have heard 
it since the sterling original 
Boston production of Teseo 

two years ago. And, given the 
size of the hall (670 seats) and 
the light voices Sellars prefers 
in his singer-actors, one had, 
perhaps for the first time on 
these shores, the sense of 
absolutely ideal scale for this 
music: every note registered, 
even when the director— as he 
is wont to do - found a way to 
muffle the voice. 

Aurally, therefore, the pct- 
fonnance was a deligbt-'Janice 
Felty made a wonderfully 
touching Dorabdla. but Susan 
Larson — as ever, an accom- 
plished actress as Fiordtiigi - 
seemed slightly off her consid- 
erable vocal fonn. Perhaps she 
and an ineffective Frank Kel- 
ley, the Ferrando. both suf- 
fered from the lowering of 
pitch required by that anti- 
quarianism. James Madda- 
tena, the Guglielmo, proved 
particularly strong and engag- 
ing; Sanford Sylvan, as Al- 
fonso (“a Vietnam vet who is 
having trouble hanging on"), 
was generally adequate; and 
Kuzma was always convinc- 
ing (even as the dread doctor). 

Sellars's musical collabo- 
rator and conductor, Craig 
Stevens, held things together 
nicely, though one could quib- 
ble about certain tempo 

A wonderfi 

1 a skilfully acted Fiardiligi: Janice Felty (left) and 
, snffetkig a little from authentically low pitch, in Cosi fan tune 

Galleries: John Russell Taylor on the work of those who found a haven here 

Tradition of hospitality well rewarded 

Simon LewandowskT s powerfal Woodsxt in the Bigos show 

Theatre in Scotland 

Topicality on many levels 

An Ideal Husband 

Citizens 1 , Glasgow 

There is a wicked delight to be 
had from seeing Wilde's caus- 
tic portrayal of 1890s social- 
ites after three weeks at the 
Edinburgh Festival — there are 
still those around who dress 
loudly and talk- more loudly 
about not very much, with one 
eye on the door.; 

But the contemporaneity of. 
An Ideal Husband strikes 
home on many. Ievels: the tale 
of a politician whose reputa- 
tion is threatened by scandal is 
not altogether unfamiliar ter- 
ritory, neither is the leaking of 
official documents, And it is in 
Wilde's balance between a 
more superficial coniafy of 
manner and his treatment of 
far deeper social concerns that 
lies his brilliance and the 
play's enduring relevance and 
fascination. Wilde here is both 
clever and wise, at his most 

cynical and yet _ 
compassionate about human 

Philip Prowse's set - His 
beautiful, heavy and ornate - anti-hero is Lord Goring, an 
drenches the play in its period. ■ H “ l dandv t *- 

the beautifully constructed 
political dance as power 
within a social group changes 
hands and flaws emerge. The 
focus of our contempt is 
constantly transferred from 
Mrs Chevdey, the calculating 
manipulative society woman 

— played with superb self- 
command by Roberta Taylor 

— to Robert Chiltem, the 
politician she ret unis to black- 
mail with the threatened 
revelation that his exemplary: 
career is based on fraud. Mark 
Lewis pales from pained as- 
cetic to ' desperation as he 
walks a tightrope strung out 
between his blackmailer and 
his wife (Anne Lampton), 
whose insistence on his virtue 
becomes an even more potent 
form of blackmail. 

The moral games Wilde 
plays are subtie and serious, 
constantly inverting prin- 
ciples and appearances, mak- 
ing Shrewd observations about 
power and women in a society 
that afforded them little 
power, and repeatedly prick- 
ing bubbles of empty rhetoric 
and moral sanctimoniousness, 
mouthpiece and moral 

character. The sparring be- 
tween him and his cantan- 
kerous father (Robert David 
MacDonald) is timed with 
dexterity, and Prowse's pro- 
duction contains some sharp 
verbal ping-pong and some 
lovely small performances, 
not least by Jill Spurrier as 
Lady Markby, who gushes 
rapid nonsense into a wall of 
surprisingly inpenetrable 
prose around ber. 

Though slow to start, and 
sometimes stodgy, Prowse's 
splendid production gathers a 
beautiful sense of proportion, 
running a fine line between 
melodrama and wit in its 
campness and between senti- 
ment and feeling in its serious- 
ness. He gives the "happy 
ending" a sad ambiguity that 
stretches it beyond an appar- 
ently neatly concluded can- 
tionary tale.- 

Sarah Hemming 

Art in Exile in Great 
Britain 1933-1945 
Camden Arts Centre 

Bigos: Artists of 
Polish Origin 
Brixton Art Gallery 

Ernst Dryden: 

National Theatre 

During the last ten years or so the 
whole business of exile from Nazi 
Germany, and the mass exodus of 
artists mid intellectuals which fol- 
lowed Hitler's coming to power in 
1933, has been exciting a lot of 
interest in Germany iisdt There has 
also grown up a major academic 
industry in America devoted to 
chronicling and evaluating the exile 
contribution to American cultural 
life. In Britain we have lagged rather 
behind: indeed, up to very recently 
most of the studies devoted to exiles 
in Britain were concerned primarily 
with beating breasts over the enor- 
mity of our having interned "enemy 
aliens” and hardly anything has been 
done on the positive aspects of the 

It therefore seemed ironic, but not 
wholly surprising, that, when a major 
exhibition on the subject of German 
exiles in Britain aqd their artistic 
contribution lo their temporary ref- 
uge or adopted homeland was finally 
staged, h should have been in Berlin 
at the beginning of the year, and at 
that time there were no plans to bring 
it to Britain. However, the Camden 
Arts Centre (aptly, considering the 
tendency of the exiles to congregate 
around Swiss Cottage) has now 
stepped in to import a somewhat 
truncated version of the show, under 
the title Art in Exfle in Great Britain 
1933-1945 (until October 5), and has 
augmented it with additional works 
still to hand in British collections. 
The result, inevitably, raises more 
questions than it answers. 

The first question is quite easily 
answered: who were the exile artists 
in Britain? We presumably remem- 
bered, even before the recent cen- 
tenary celebrations, that Kokoschka 
settled here. And there was Schwit- 
ters. of course, neglected in the Lake 

District during his later years but 
revived with great edat since his 
death in 1948. And there are other 
individual figures we have started to 
catch up with, through the piety of 
their families and the enthusiasm of 
their galleries: Martin Bloch, Arthur 
Segal and Jankel Adler as well as the 
unstoppable Richard Ziegler, still 
going strong at 95 (the show of his 
work at Leinster Fine Art. in- 
cidentally. has been extended until 
October 1). And there are those, like 
Fred Uhl man and Josef Herman, who 
became so much fixtures of the 
British art scene that we have hardly 
considered them as exiles at all. But 
this show reveals, or reminds us of, 
many more. 

It is curious to learn, for instance, 
quite bow many of our leading 
photographers in the Thirties and 
Forties were exiles, more or less 
disguised- Who would have thought 
it, for instance, of someone with such 
an impeccably English name as Edith 
Tudor-Hart — which proves to be the 
married name of Wolf Suschitzsky’s 
sistei? And who knew, or remem- 
bered, the German origins of John 
Gay, Felix Man, Tim Gidal or 
K-(Kurt) Hutton, all of whom are 
shown to advantage in this exhibition 
—as well as Bill Brandi, who is not in- 
cluded, probably because he falls 
slightly outside its terms of reference? 
There is a good case for considering 
the contribution of these photog- 

Isolation: detail from Woman with 
Jug by Albert Reass 

rapbers. and other related graphic 
artists like John Heartfield and 
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, as more im- 
portant in changing British sensibil- 
ities than that of any of the grander 
painters and sculptors: certainly their 
work was largely instrumental in 
revolutionizing British photojour- 
nalism and all our received ideas 
about the necessary relationship of 
picture to print. 

We must also not forget the 
architects who stopped off here, at 
least briefly, in the Thirties: Gropius 
and Mendelsohn left evidence of their 
stay in London with neighbouring 
houses in Chelsea Church Street, and 
Breuer designed his famous reclining 
chair here, while others, like 
Gold finger, settled here for good. It is 
reasonable enough to say that apart 
from Kokoschka no absolutely front- 
rank painters came here, but there 
were interesting figures of the second 
rank, such as the Expressionist Lud- 
wig Mcidner (who eked a living, we 
are told, as caretaker in a London 
morgue, where he sketched the dead 
so that relatives could identify them); 
Peter (originally Laszlo) Peri, a 
sculptor/pamter who has figured 
recently in Camden shows devoted to 
Fifties realism and to the work of the 
Artists International Association; and 
Hans Feibusch the mural ist^ who 
recently had a retrospective in Frank- 
furt under the label “a Frankfurt 
artist", though by now be has spent 
by far the greater part of his long life 
in Britain. 

There are also some genuine 
discoveries to be made. The four 
paintings by Marie- Louise von 
Motesiczky immediately stand out 
and reinforce the golden opinions 
inspired by her recent show at the 
Goethe Institute (now in Cambridge). 
The isolated figure of Albert Reuss, 
who retired to Cornwall to paint, 
seems worth further exploration. 
Likewise it would be interesting to 
know more of the faintly surrealist 
Ernes! NeusrihuL Nor should we 
forget — who can, with the Michael 
Powell revival in full spate? — the 
brilliant work of Hein Heckroth as 
designer for stage and screen. It is a 
pity that the Camden show does not 
have space, as the Beilin show did, to 
go into the exile contribution to 
British cinema and broadcasting as 
welL But. even as it is. there are 
reverberations enough to keep us 
busy for years to come. 

Clearly the British tradition of 
hospitality to political exiles still 
persists, as we may judge from the 

show at the Brixton Art Gallery until 
the end of the week devoted to the 
group of artists of Polish origin calling 
itself Bigos. Reading the introduction 
to the catalogue one gels the im- 
pression of a group very much as the 
German emigres must have been, 
making manifestos, splitting and 
reuniting on points of principfe, like 
whether labelling themselves as "art- 
ist s of Polish origin" at all is 
reprehensibly retrospective and whe- 
ther there is any identifiably Polish 
element in their work at this late date. 
But even if the label has no artistic 
significance - in most cases I suspect 
that is so — it is certainly of 
documentary value, and as good an 
excuse as any for showing the 
attractive flower-pieces of Lydia Bau- 
man. the funny assemblage sculptures 
of Mietek Dymny, the powerful 
graphics of Simon Lewandowriti and 
the nicely obscure drawings and 
sculptures of Ondre Nowakowski. 
Not to mention the Twenty-four 
Masterpieces of Stefan Szczdkun, 
which are not his masterpieces but 
those of the amateur architects whose 
bizarre creations he photographs with 
a perfectly straight face. 

Finally an artist who seems to have 
been constantly in flight from himself 
as well as, possibly, political situa- 
tions which were unattractive to him. 
Ernst Dryden, whose work as a 
designer and illustrator is on show in 
the Lyttelton Foyer of the National 
Theatre until October 4, began as a 
successful poster designer in the 
1900s under his own name of 
Deuisch, changed it to Dryden after 
the First World War and took up 
fashion illustration for magazines 
such as Die Dame and illustration for 
other magazines and a wide variety of 
advertisers, and eventually ended up 
in Hollywood from 1933 onwards 
designing costumes for such films as 
Lost Horizon and The Garden of 
Allah — a varied life and talent, which 
could encompass the elegance of a 
Lepapc, the bounciness of a John 
Held Jr and the drollness of a Heath 
Robinson, while always remaining 
recognizably itself. And there is a very 
personal brand of sexiness for good 
measure: note the advertisement for 
Le Rond Point suspenders, which 
slyly does a little localized strip of an 
de^ntly. formally clad lady to reveal 
exactly how she holds her stockings 
up, and wonder at the er/r/-Viennese 
quality of this amazingly adaptable 
artist. What need of acclimatization, 
when he could cany his own little 
world with him anywhere? 

which only joints up its 
contemporary ironies all the 
more. Here the gilt-laden 
drawing room curtains bang 
heavy over guilt-laden pasts, 
and Wilde shifts us thiwgh 

ostensibly amoral dandy, be- 
hind whose affectation to, 
uselessness is a real and 
charitable tolerance of human 
beings — Harry Gibson excel- 
ling as an arrogant, brow- 
beaten. and totally endearing 


Our comprehensive 10-week course on the 
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Dreams of a Summer Night 







Edinburgh Festival 


Usher Hall 

ey gave an e xtrover t, 
itd^prepared per- 

After Simon Rattle's refresh- 
ingly unstuffy account of The 
Dream of Geroniius came this 
equally vivid performance of 
Mahler's Second Symphony. 
It had Hie same interpretative 
stamp: every expression mark 
that Mahler wrote (and quale a 
few he did not) projected with 
zest: the music almost hurled 
into tempo changes: no at- 
tempt made to refine away the 
raw edge of the fortissimos. 

Mahler's musical 
speaks more explicitly even 
than Elgar's of death, dread 
and ultimate glory: a conduc- 
tor must avoid exaggerating 
rhetoric which already toners 
on the brink of ironic self- 
parody. Such exaggerations 
did sometimes occur here: 
when ihe articulation of the 
opening siring theme was 
distorted, .for instance, or 
when every timpani entry was 
made to sound like the one 
o’clock gun from Edinburgh 

Distinguished contributions 
came from Dame Janet Baker 
and Felicity Lott, and the 
Edinburgh Festival Chorus 
must have scot its chorus- 
masicr John Currie off in great 
spirits to -his new job directing 
the Los Angeles Master Cho- 
rale. If the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orch- 
estra occasionally sounded 
tired they had reason, for 

earlier they 
tmmacula _ 

formance of Berio's Smfonia. 

It was an ap propriate choice 
since it does (among many 
Otter things) “rework" the 
scherzo of Mahler's Second 
Symphony, with ' running' 
commentary courtesy of Sam- 
uel Beckett. Its frenetic zani- 
ness now seems quaint (very 
much New York area 1968), 
but the polished vocal work 
here by Electric Phoenix re- 
minded us how irreristible 
Berio's surface brilliance can 

Richard Morrison 

• The BBC Symphony Orch- 
estra's 1986*87 season at the 
Festival Hall -includes the 
world premieres of Andrzej 
Pannfhik’s Ninth Symphony 
(conducted by the composer 
in a Royal Philharmonic Soci- 
ety concert on February 25) 
and Bernard Rands's Retpii- 
escant (April 2). Krzysztof 
Penderecki also directs the 
first complete performance in 
Britain of bis Polish Requiem 
at a concert presented by the 
Institute for Polisb-Jewish 
Studies, in memory of Artur 
Rubinstein, on January 25. 
Otter British premieres in- 
clude Shnitke's First Sym- 
phony (December 17, con- 
ducted by Gennadi Rozh- 
destvensky), York Hdller's 
Dreamplay (November 7, 
Lothar Zagrosek) and Iannis 
Xenakis's Nekuia (February 
18. Peter Eflivfts). 

Promenade Concert 


Albert Hall/Radio 3 

When Ravel orchestrated his 
Vaises nobles el semimentales 
in 1912. fora ballet to his own 
scenario, he brought them 
closer to Chabrier than to the 
"imitation of Schubert" which 
was his first intention. How- 
ever. the subtleties that still 
remain in their bitonality, 
flexible pulse and displaced 
rhythmic syncopation were 
vividly pointed by Jacques 
Delacote in his Promenade 
Concert debuL with the BBC 
Concert Orchestra on Sunday. 

He had the support of 
sensitive keyboard playing 
from Anne Queflelec in seek- 
ing to redeem Debussy's early 
Fantasy for piano and or- 
chestra from the adverse ver- 
dicts of previous and even 
some recent history. While the 
writing is that of a composer 
still heavily indebted to the 
heritage of cTIndy and others, 
there are clear foretastes of the 
huer symphonic poems, and 
the nocturne-like central 
movement is poetic mood- 
music reminiscent of Delius, 
the best of the piano writing 
here beautifully phrased. 

The three musical picture- 
postcards of Ibert's Escales 
(Ports of Call) were re- 
produced with suitable pa- 
nache and engaging instru- 
mental colour, including a 
sultry oboe solo for the central 
"Tunis" section by a lady 

whose generously displayed 
sun-tan looked attractively all 
of a piece with the musical 
location. She and ter col- 
leagues on wind instruments 
enlivened much of the follow- 
ing La Boutique famasque, 
played in the full extent of 
Respighi's celebrated orch- 
estration of Rossini for 
Mass He’s comedy-ballet, and 
given a spirited forward mo- 
mentum by the conductor as 
well as pictorial relevance. 

By the nature of its rep- 
ertory the BBC Concert Or- 
chestra is required to be more 
versatile than many sym- 
phony orchestras, and they 
brought expressive character 
even to those linking passages 
which depend on the visual 
element on stage, though one 
percussion player compen- 
sated a little by doubtiully 
checking his watch as he 
gently chimed the requisite 
strokes of 10 o'clock on the 
tubular bell 20 minutes too 

Noel Goodwin 

• Ian McDiarmid has been 
appointed an associate artistic 
director of the Royal Ex- 
change Theatre. Manchester, 
•with effect from this month. 
In the first half of the new 
season be will be playing the 
title role in Marlowe's Edward 
11 and opposite Cheryl Camp- 
bell in The Country Wife, both 
directed by Nicholas Hytner. 
next year his involvement will 
include directing also. 


.N n \ f a i ri i i i/rerir 


From 4 September 


by WEH ism Shakespeare 

JBffiMY IRONS Richard II MOmun^Bofogbreke 
Draffid by BARRY JCYIJ 

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From 11 September Thonas Heymodb ptrsta comedy advmmn 


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fly to 

From Christopher Walker 

Attempts to secure the early 
release from KGB custody of 
Mr Nicholas Daniloft corres- 
pondent of the weekly maga- 
zine US News and World Rep- 
ort. intensified last night when 

the magazine’s chairman and 
editor arrived in Moscow to 
lobby on his behalf. 

Mr Daniloff aged 52, has 
been held in a military prison 
since bis arrest on Saturday 
after accepting a package from 
a Soviet teacher friend. 

Mr Mortimer Zuckerraan. 
the magazine's chairman, an- 
grily described the arrest as “a 
damned outrage". 

He is expected to seek 
meetings with senior figures 
including Mr Anatoly Dob- 
rynin. the former Ambassador 
to Washington and a leading 
adviser to Mr Mikhail Gorb- 
achov and Mr Eduard Shevar- 
dnadze, his Foreign Minister. 

There have been indications 
that Mr Daniloffs continued 
detention could sour the re- 
cent improvement in relations 
between the superpowers. 

Mr Zuckerman is accompa- 
nied by the magazine's editor, 
Mr David Gergen. Both plan 
to keep dose contact with the 
US Embassy in Moscow as 
they try to secure his freedom. 

US officials in Washington 
charge that the case is con- 
trived, and Mr Gergen said 
that unless the Soviet authori- 
ties agreed to his release “they 
will send a chilling message to 
the world about the new 
Gorbachov regime’*. 

Mr Danilofrs British wife, 
Ruth, maintains that his arrest 
is linked directly to the arrest 
in New York last week of a 
Soviet physidst charged with 
spying. Like Mr Daniloff he 
has no diplomatic immunity. 

Yesterday Mr Daniloff was 
allowed a visit by his son. 
Caleb, aged 16, who is on 
holiday here. 

After a second visit to her 
husband in 24 hours, Mrs 
Daniloff said she understood 
from the Soviet authorities 
that it would be known in 10 
days whether Mr Daniloff 
would be formally charged or 

Soviet pitfalls, page 7 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales visits 
Harvard University. USA, to 
attend the university’s 3S0th 
anniversary celebrations, de- 
parts Aberdeen Airport, 12. 
New exhibitions 

Final degree exhibitions; 
Newcastle Polytechnic. Squires 
Building. Sandyford Rood; Mon 
to Fri 9 to 4.30 (ends Sept 12). 

Fighters: Sculpture, drawings 
and prints by Jen Dyson; Hano- 
ver Gallery, Hanover St, Liver- 
pool; Tues' to Sat 10 to S (ends 
Sept 1 31. 

Sculpture by David Mach: 
Comerhouse. 70 Oxford Su 
Manchester. Tues to Sat 12 to 8 
(ends Oci 5). 

Paintings by Evan and Felic- 
ity Charlton: Royal West of 
England Academy. Queen's Rd, 
Bristol: Tues to Sat 10 to S.30 
(ends Sept 20). 

A thousand ways of saying ‘no’ to Nirex 

Letter from Bamenda 

Dirt track lifeline 
for Cameroon 

By Trod! McIntosh 

A peaceful blockade by more 
than a thousand farmers, 
schoolchildren, and residents 
(above) prevented two attempts 
by Nirex engineers to gain 
access to a proposed nuclear 
dumping site at Bradwell-on- 
Sea, Essex, yesterday. 

Protesters from anri-nudear 
action groups throughout Essex 
forced a small convoy, compris- 
ing a lorry and two smaller 
vehicles, to torn back on the 
only access road to the site near 
the Bradwell nuclear power 

ft was the first attempt by 
Nirex, the government unclear 
waste agency, to gain access to 
the site. 

The convoy, led by Mr Neil 
Trenton, a director of Sir Wil- 
liam Halcrow, consulting en- 
gineers, tried to get through the 

blockade at 11 am, and then 
a gain at 3.15 pm, bat failed. 

Protesters at three other pro- 
posed sites at Els tow, near 
Bedford, Killingholme in 
Humberside, and Fulbeck in 
Lincolnshire, have so far pre- 
vented Nirex engineers from 
starting work on the sites. 

During die second attempt to 
get through the blockade yes- 
terday, about 200 school- 
children sat down in the middle 
of the road with their anti- 
nuclear banners. 

Mr Les Pipe, chairman of the 
Essex Against Nuclear Damp- 
ing Action Group, said a 24- 
honr-a-day picket would operate 
outside the site from today. 

“The community resolve is 
very strong. We have groups 
from Tollesbnry, Tfllingham, 
Maldon, and as far as Basildon 
and Colchester,” Mr Pipe 

He said if Nirex resorted to 
W ringing a High Court injunc- 
tion this week, the four' main 
action groups would be 

“We have taken legal ad rice, 
and believe we can fight against 
an injunction. The people of 
Bradwell and throughout Essex 
will not allow any nuclear waste 
to be dumped in Bradwell or 
anywhere in Britain. 

“This area is staunchly 
Conservative, and the Govern- 
ment cannot ignore the public's 

Mr Tony Benn, the Labour 
MP, joined the blockade for a 
short time yesterday. 

The Rev Paul Booth, rector of 
St Thomas's Church, BradweO- 
on-Sea, said his congregation 
was “angry and afraid.” 

He said Brad well's 800 
population objected to being 

used as guinea pigs. A number 
of local people work at the 
Bradwell midear power station, 
which was built 25 years ago. 

“We have never had any 
animosity before towards the 
power station, . but . since 
Chernobyl, people are more 
aware and extremely worried,” 
Mr Booth said 
Mr Trenton told protesters 
that he hoped the confrontation 
would soon be resolved. 

“We are not actually building 
anything. It is purely investi- 
gative work,” he told them. He 
said Nirex contractors would try 
to get through the blockade 
today and tomorrow. “But after 
that, it is np to Nirex.” 

■ A Nirex spokesman said that 
the delays were costing time and 
money, and that it might have to 
recourse to other options. 
Photograph: Chris Harris 

The lifeline to survivors of 
the Cameroon disaster is 
signposted somewhat preten- 
tiously as the Ring Road. 

In reality, it is p° more 
than a narrow dirt track 
describing a 230-mile circle 
through a wild and romantic 
landscape of high volcanic 
plateaux near the borders 
with Nigeria. . 

In places it is simply a scar 
on the mountain, a hazard- 
ous scree of rocks and mud, 
impossible to all but powerful 
four-wheel drive vehicles 
during the tempestuous rainy 

It is up this busy trail that 
convoys of trucks have been 
churning for the past week 
with emergency relief sup- 
plies for entire communities 
made homeless by the pas- 
sage of lethal volcanic gasses. 

Urgent medical supplies 
were flown in by helicopters, 
which reached rural hospitals 
within 15 minutes of leaving 
Bamenda. the provincial cap- 
ital With skill and tuck, the 
land relief covered 95 miles 
to a distribution centre at 
Nkambe in a day. 

Despite the enormous 
difficulties, the Cameroo- 
nians have coped with the 
greatest catastrophe in their 
history with a blend of prag- 
matism, tribal solidarity and 

Their management of the 
relief operation has im- 
pressed foreign missions, and 
their extended African family 
system encompassing neigh- 
bouring tribes has alleviated 
considerable suffering. 

Anxiety and despair are 
curiously absent. Instead, 
there is mute acceptance of 
disaster, ascribed by some of 
the older victims to divine 
retribution, and implicit faith 
in either God or President 
Paul Biya to put things right. 

They are also fortunate in 
having a relatively fertile 
land. The teeming market 
facilities strung out along the 
Ring Road are wefl stocked 

vegetables that cushion the 
effect of unforeseen calamity. 

“The word emergency is 
probably not appropriate to 
this situation," a British dip- 
lomat observed. “Nobody is 
actually going to go hungry.” 

The Ring Road is destined 

to become more worthy of its 
name from this year, when a 
British company starts work 
on a £7 million project to 
surface a 70-mi!e stretch from 
Bamenda. It is also planning 
to survey two further sections 
totalling 93 miles. 

Under presem circum- 
stances. however, the remote- 
ness of the disaster has posed 
difficulties for foreign corr- 

A Spanish television crew 
which gave The Times a lift 
from Wum. 50 miles off the 
Ring Road, through one of 
the stricken villages 25 miles 
further oo had a typically 
arduous experience. 

Weakened rather than 
fortified by a sparse dinner of 
rancid porcupine stew, they 
set off in darkness at 4 am. 
After a mechanical break- 
down and a back-breaking 
struggle to extricate their 
vehicle from a quagmire, they 
arrived in the deserted village 
of Nyos five hours later - to 
find their camera had been 
damaged by the rough ride. 

They repaired the damage, 
careered back down to the 
provincial capital, and were 
last seen frantically trying to 
delay the departure of an 
aircraft to fly their precious 
film to Madrid. 

An ITN crew persuaded a 
helicopter pilot on a relief 
mission to fly them out of 
Nyos with a generous dona- 
tion to the Save the Children 
Fund. Five miles down the 
road, an exasperated BBC 
unit still trying to reach the 
village was enlisting the aid of 
local villagers to pull their 
Land-Rover out of a 
mudhole. Apparently they 
still made the Nine o'Gock 

Bade in Bamenda limited 
and temperamental commu- 
nications with the outside 
world produced a curious 
religious revival among some 

A Dutch radio reporter was 
seen devoutly crossing him- 
self in gratitude after two 

dialling produced a crackly 
line to The Hague. A German 
colleague spent almost as 
long mouthing prayers to a 
silent telex machine before it 
sprang to life. 

Gavin Beil 


Three in one: Disturbed 
ground: work by contem porary 
photographers; Comic features: 
contemporary Scottish car- 
toons: Sculpture unobserved: 
architectural work in Glasgow's 
city centre; Collins Gallery, 
University of Strathclyde. 22 
Richmond St, Glasgow. Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5, Sat 12 to 4. dosed 
Sept 26 to 29; (ends Sept 30). 

Gunning' and the landscape. 
Camp and the figure: work by 
Dave Gunning and Adrian 
Clamp; Museum and Art Gal- 
lery. Lichfield St. Walsall; Mon 
U> Fri 10 to 6. Sat 10 to 4.45 
(ends Sept 30). 

Five Years with the face; City 
Museum and Art Gallery, 
Foregate Su Worcester. Mon to 
Fri 9.30 to 6. Sat 9.30 to 5 (ends 
Sept 27). , . 

Byam Shaw: a selection of 
paintings and book illustrations; 
Ashmoiean Museum. Beau- 
mont St. Oxford: Tues to Sat 10 
to 4, Sun 2 to 6. closed Sept 7 to 
9 (ends Oct 26). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,140 


I Yam involving hatred ( 6 ). 

5 Ordered Jortson to accept 
part of a wheel ( 8 ). 

9 One supporting a nomina- 
tion is a mythical creature, 
wc hear 18 ). 

10 Ring with string attached 
( 6 ). 

1 1 Lectures society gives away 
to audiences (8). 

12 Creature of the nicest son 


13 Loathsome person negligent 
about key to plam (SI 

15 Me and Mum knit together 

17 Eat very littTe, or a lot (4). 

19 A cold character with fishy 
attributes in retrospect (S). 

20 Pussy has to know about 
one pussyfoot (6). 

21 Springbok — 12 run away 

( 8 ). 

22 In hospital. I composed a 
letter (6). 

23 Hamper chap and I ordered 

24 Miser's memorial stone (S). 

25 Taking food, for instance, 
out of a container (6). 

4 Store that doesn't take sides 

5 Like people who can be 
bothered with , affairs 
1 5. 2.1.71. 

6 Bird found in Arizona (71. 

7 Move a ship about before 
gelling something to eat (81 

8 Sort of pan that won't hold 
food? (3-5). 

14 Together suddenly (3.2.4). 

15 Make no progress - chalk it 
up to me (4.4). 

16 Coded instructions for a 
stew, possibly (81 

17 David was the second to be 
taken in bv a fortune- teller 


18 Take tea with unaffected 
serviceman (8). 

19 Priest soaks up antiseptic 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.139 


2 Water carrier in old 
breeches coming to Fife (4- 

3 He is upset about ihe 
French opening number (S). 

Concise Crossword 

lianara m ^ e n n 

, EJ E B D S' E! ff 

HKiOranO BUl& B EJ i a B 

55 13- n IH E? d 

a Egna ai B B ~@EsmsHE 

13 12 i=T 3J IS S3 ■ 


n 13 B HI If SI H 

H n e? o ss ynsni 

R iil-3- 

Exhibitions in progress 

Welsh landscapes; The Al- 
bany Gallery. 74b Albany Rd. 
CardifE Mon to Sat 10-30 to 
5.30 (ends Oct 11). 

Watercolour landscapes by 
Kenneth Johnson; The Assem- 
bly House. Norwich: Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.30 (ends Sept 6). 

Last chance to see 

One year on: the work of 
newly graduated artists and 
craftspeople: Coach HouseCraft 
Gallery. Gawthorpe Hall, Pad- 
iham. nr Burnley, 10 to 5. 

Masterpieces of European 
drawings: Eldon Gallery, Ash- 
moiean Museum. Beaumont Su 
Oxford. 10 to 4. 


Mozart Festival: Song recital 
by Stephen Vareoe (baritone) 
and Graham Johnson (piano); 
Bury St Edmunds An Gallery. 8. 

Verse and song recital by John 
Casson and Diana Devlin; Vil- 
lage Hall. Bampton. Ox on, 8. 

Organ recital by Gordon Phil- 
lips: St Mania's. Scarborough. 

Concen by the Kddwyth 
Singers: Hawkshead Parish 
Church. Cumbria. 8. 

Concen by Bournemouth 
Sinfbmctta. the Wessex Singers. 
Wimborne Minster Choir and 
Christchurch Priory Choir. 
Wimborne Minster, Dorset. 

Talks, lectures 

Birds of a lakeland valley, by 
Mike Madders. 1 .30: Land of 
giants and puddleducks. by 
David Birkcil. 3.30; Lake Dis- 
trict National Park Visitor Cen- 
tre. Brockfcole, Windermere. 

Decoy duck carving: dem- 
onstration for children by Bob 
Ridges: Cirencester Workshop. 
Brewery Court. Cirencester. 10 
10 3.30. 


The Midlands: Ml: Contra- 
flow between junction 20 and 2 1 
near Lutterworth. M& Con- 
traflow E of Birmingham be- 
tween junctions 4A (M42) and 5 
(A452 Birmingham NE). 

The Ninth: Mh Reconstruc- 
tion work between junctions 32 
and 33 (Blackpool/Lancaster) 
affecting both carriageways. 
M61( Blacow Bridge): Con- 
struction of new motorway link 
at Walton Summit at the junc- 
tion of M61/M6; left hand lane 
closures on both N and south- 
bound carriageways. MI 8: Con- 
traflow between junctions 6 and 
7: southbound exit sliproad at 
junction S and northbound 
access at junction 6 are dosed. 

Wales and West: M4: Lane 
restrictions on both carriage- 
wavs between junctions 44 and 
45 (Swansea/Swansea East). 
M & Various carriageway re- 
pairs between junctions 23 and 
26 (Taumon/A38). affecting the 
hard shoulder, nearside and 
middle lanes on the southbound 
carriageway. A3l: Traffic res- 
trictions between Ringwoodand 
Wimborne. Dorset. 

Scotland: M74: Various lane 
and carriageway closures; four 
sets of contraflow between 
Lesnuhagow and Crawford: 
Strathclyde. M80: Two 
contraflows near Denny and 
Stirling. Central; very' long de- 
lays. Mfr Contraflow W of 
Newbridge, near Edinburgh. 

Information supplied by AA 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
todav at 5.50 pm and 8.00 pm. 

TV top ten 

Best wines 

In a blind tastiog of 59 Tuscan 
red wines, the following were 
judged to offer exceptional 

.1980 La Casa BnmeBo di 
Moataktao, Wine Growers 
Association (01-451 098 1 ), 
£13.40. 1979 Castelgiocondo 
Borne Ho di Montaldno, Wail- 
rose (0344-424680), £6-85; 1980 
Castelgiocondo Brunei lo di 
Mautalono, Tanners of Shrews- 
bury (0743 52421), £7.51 (and 
shortly Waitrose. £6.85); 1979 
Castdlo di Nipozzano Rtserra 
Chianti Rufina, Victoria Wine 
(04862-5066), £4.89; 1981 Ris- 
erva Villa Antinori Chianti 
Classico, Majestic Wine Ware- 
houses (01-fcl 6262), £3.79; 
1979 Solaia, The Market (01- 
736 4348). £24.95;J976 Sassi- 
caia, The Market (01-736 4348), 

Source: Wine. September 1986. 

The pound 

Weather {noon lanar nm «* *hew» t> ajubm 


Pressure will be km to the 
N, and high to the SW of 
the British Isles. A fron- 
tal system will move 
slowly and erratically 
over son them parts. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, E, centra N, ME 
England, East .AngKa, Midland*, 
Borneo, Edurbiirgh, Dundee, Aber- 
deen: Mainly dry with -bright or 
sunny intervals, occasional rain 
later wind W fresh; max tsnp 18C 

Central S, SW England, Channel 
Islands, S Wales MaMy cloudy, 
occasional rain or drizzle; wind W 
moderate or fresh; max tamp 17C 

N Wales, NW England, Lake 
District, Isle rd Man, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow, Argyfl, Northern Ireland: 
Cloudy with shower s or outbreaks 
of rain, becoming drier and brighter; 
wind W fresh; max temp 16C (B1F). 

Central Highlands. Moray Fifth, 
NW Scotland: Sunny intervals, 
showers, some heavy: win d W fr esh 
or s tr on g , max temp14C (57F). 

NE Scotland, Orkney, Shetland: 
Sunny intervals, showers, some 
heavy; wind W strong; max temp 

Oimook for tomotfow and Thurs- 
day: Haln or showers at times in the 
N, becoming dry wth dear or surirty 
intervals in tees. 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
6.14 am 7.46 pm 




High Tides 

be S 

b-Mue sky: bc-Mur sky and cloud: C- 
cloudy: o-ovcrcast: l-rog: d-drtzzle; h- 
Jvrtl: mls!-iMSb r-raln: %-snaur ih- 
UiurxtrrsJocm: p-showers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
spe«J imwii circled. Temperature 
cmU grade. 






London Bridge 

















3.0 11.00 














6.0 11.09 












3.7 11.53 


ST** - 



45 10.31 
6.4 646 














85 1154 




2 2 1055 































45 1136 




55 11.22 

















VHon-on-Nze 11.34 
lids measured bi wet 


is: 1m*34808fl. 

Yugoslavia Dor 

Rates for smaB UenomMion bank notes 
only as supphed by Ba r cla ys Bank PIC. 
Orfrereni rates apply to travellers 
cheques end other toretpi currency 

Ratal Price bate 384.7 

London: The FT index dosed up 104 at 



Births: John Howard, philan- 
thropist and prison reformer. 
London. 1726. 

Deaths: Thomas Telford, civil 
engineer. London. 1834: Henri 
Rousseau, painter. Paris. 1910: 
Toncred Borenius. an historian. 
Salisbury. 1948: J.RJL Tolkien. 
Bournemouth. 1973. 

The Great Fire of London 
began, and tested until Septem- 
ber 6. 1666. 

Navigators contest . 

Entries are now being 'ac- 
cepted for the Navigators Com- 
petition being run by the Royal 
institute of Navigation. Young 
people of 23 and under are 
invited to write about -naviga- 
tional topics. Closing date is 
October I. 

Further information from 
The Roval Institute of Naviga- 
tion. I ICcnsingion Gore. Lon- 
don. SW7 2AT. 









0 . 1 






























































8 2 
















6 A 

































c F 
I 26 79 
c 15 59 
s 17 63 
I 18 64 
I 17 63 
9 31 88 
r 24 75 
C M 57 
8 16 61 
B 23 72 
S 29 84 
s 32 BO 
s 24 75 
r 30 86 
s 21 70 
B 29 84 
I 28 79 
C 17 63 
* 24 75 
l 17 63 
f 15 58 
I 23 73 
C 10 SO 
I 16 91 


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^JSINESS and finance 



Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


1322.7 (+10.8) 

FT-SE 100 

1672.8 (+11.6) 


s t ®r n) 


US Dollar 

1.4905 (+ 0 . 0035 ) 

W Qennan marie 
3.0138 (-0.0138) 

71.0 (-0.1) 

HAT bid 


BET has published the 
document containing details 
of its increased offer of £1 14 
million for the HAT Group. 

Shareholders are being of- 
fered 73 BET shares for every 
200 HAT shares. There is a 
cash alternative of 135p 

The final day on- -which 
HAT can comment on current 
trading is this Friday, and 
HAT is expected to publish a 
comprehensive defence docu- 
ment by then. 

Mr Hugh Dundas, chair- 
man of BET, chalteng f* 
HAT* strategy for the future, 
pointing to HATs record and 
the comment made by its 
chairman, Mr David Telling, 
that the outlook fortius year 
remains difficult 

Mr Dundas also refutes tire 
accusation that BET is plan- 
ning to split up the business. 

He reiterates the “commer- 
cial logic** of the bid, and says 
that be expects the combined 
group to become a leading 
cleaning and scaffolding com- 
pany, which also provides a 
comprehensive range of 
industrial services. 

Tempos, page 18 

Acorn unveils 
new computer 

Aeons Computer Group 
yesterday launched a new 
product, the •. BBC. Master 
Compact* aimed at overseas 
markets where foeedo&ationa! ' 
computer sector is relatively 

The company reported a 
pretax loss of £140,000 forthe 
first six months of this year 
compared with a pretax loss of 
£15.86 million in the 
corresponding period of 1985. 
However, h made a £298,000 
profit at operating level First- 
half turnover fell from £23 
million to £19.6 million. No 
dividend is being paid. 

Tempw, Page 18 

Goodhead up 

The Goodhead Print Group 
increased its pretax profits 
from £896,000 to £12 million 
in the year to May 31, as. 
turnover rose from £21.1 mil- 
lion to £24.1 million. A final 
dividend of 2p was paid, 
making 3p for the year. 

Tenpw, page 18 

Halifax FRN 

Halifax Building Society yes- 
terday issued a £300 million 
floating rate note. The note, 
half of which has a six-month 
LIBOR fixing basis, is foe first 
building society issue in the 
sterling FRN market not to 
use a three month rate fixing 
basis. . 

Shares offer 

Fresh bake has declared its 
offer for Slaters Food Prod- 
ucts fully unconditional, after 
receiving acceptances for 90.6 
per cent of foe shares. 

Tcrapas 18 
Review 18 

CoNews 18 
ftnont 19 
Slock Market 19 
Money MriEfs 19 

Foreign Eaxk 19 
Traded Opts 23 
Unit Trots 20 

Caomoditin 29 
VSM Prices 20 
Sure Prices 21- 


By Graham Searjeant 
Financial Editor 

Japan** currency reserves 
rose by S2JJ8 bull cm to a 
record $4121 billion during 
August as the Japanese gov- 
ernment, worried at the effect 
on the economy of foe rapid 
pace of the yen's rise agamst 
foe dollar, intervened heavily 
in foe foreign exchange mar- 
kets to support foe dollar. 

August dollar - purchases 
raised Japan's reserves by 7i 
per cent from foe July figure, 
itself a record. .The reserves 
are now 45 per cent higher 
t han 12 months ago. 

The Bank of.Tokyo reacted 
strongly when the tfcrfin? of 
the dollar agamst the yen 
accelerated at the be ginning nf 
the month and tire dollar fell 
to Yen 152.8 on August 4. 

It intervened strongly from 
August 3 to August 9 and the 
central bank intervened di- 
rectly in the Tokyo market on 
August 8, buying dollars from 
the broker market for the first 
time for ten years. 

The Bank of Japan’s action 
was successful in stopping an 
uncontrolled run on the dol- 
lar, which has since stabilized 
above Yen 154. 

-The Japanese buying, of 
dollars also pereuaded foreign 
exchange speculators to switch 
their attention to foe dotlar- 
mark rale, which has been 
under p ress u re ever since: 
There has as yet been fittie 
evidence of heavy 
Bundesbank intervention. 

Japan Ires been 

further cat in its already 
interest . rates, which foe 
United States had hoped to 
force through the foreign ex- 
change markets, but ministers 
are extremely worried about 
foe cut in Japanese growth 
caused by the rise of foe yen. 

Over the weekend the 

-because of the impact of the 
yen' on export earnings. 

This has sharpened an in- 
tense debate within foe gov- 
ern ment over measures 
needed to stimulate foe econ- 
omy as foe US Administration 
has been urging. 

Mr Tetsuo Kondo, director- 
general of the EPA, has es- 
timated that a budgetary 
injection of Yen3,000 billion 
would be needed to restore 
growth to 4 percent The new 
cabinet is thought to favour 
increased capital spending, 
beginning this autumn. 

The finance ministry, how- 
ever, b stin pursuing its five- 
year programme to prune the 
budget. Departmental budget 
submissions are- thought to 
imply a 6.7 per cent rise in the 
total budget to Yen 57,700 
billion. That rise would be 
mostly accounted for by 
higher costs of servicing the 
national debt. 

Even so, the finance min- 
istry b thought to be judging 
individual budgets with the 
aim of pruning the total to 
Yen55,000 billion. But politi- 
cal pressures seem likely to 

Robert Maxwell: from Ansbadur to block, deal 

Ansbacher casts doubt on 
anti-Maxwell Extel vote 

government’s economic plan- 
ning agency cut its forecast for . _ 

growth in output for the force a change in the austerity 
financial year to March 1987 programme, if only by bring- 
from 4 per cent to 2.4 per cent mg spending forward. 

£21 m boost for aid 
projects overseas 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The Government yesterday 
announced a 30 per cent 
increase in the Aid and Trade 
Provision element of Britain’s 
oveiseas aid programme. 

Funds available for ATP in 
the current year are to be 
increased by £21 million to 
£90 million, Mr Timothy 
Raison, Minister for Overseas 
Development, announced. 1 

The announcement follows 
the signing in Malaysia on 
Friday of .foe Overseas 
Development. . - • 

Administration's largest 1 ever 
ATP aid agreement. = 

Under foe agreement, foe 
Government b to provide a 
granlof almost £60 nuffion to 
help, foe financing of a £410 
million contract- awazded to 
Biwater, foe Surrey company, 
to provide piped drinking 
water to .rural areas erf 

An ODA spokeswoman 
said that the increase b to 
enable aid finance to be 
available on the Malaysian 
water supply project and on 
other ATP projects- planned 
for foe current year. 

No policy change is, how- 
ever, signalled by the increase 

in foci current year's ATP from 
£69 million to £90 milli on. 
The p rog ram me has been 
expanded in the exceptional 
circumstances of foe Malay- 
sian contract and wifl return 
to previous target totals of £76 
million in 1987-88 and £86 
million in 1988-89. - 

Last year, ODA officials 
said, there was a shortfall in 
spending- on the ATP pro- 
gramme, which ' provides 
giants, in association, with 
export -' credits !“ provide 
financial support for. British 
bids for foreign! project con- 

This yeafs increase,, there- 
fore, comes from within the 
aid programme: Last year’s 
ATP shortfall allowed some 
initial payments of voluntary 
contributions to multilateral 
organizations to be -made 
early. The resources thus freed 
for the ament year have been 
used to provide the £21 mil- 
lion boost for ATP. 

The . Malaysian project, 
which will take up more than 
half of the expanded ATP 
budget fob year, involves 
more than 170 separate water 
distribution schemes. 

EEC joint approach 
on Soviet Gatt entry 

Fnm Jonathan Brandy Brussels 

The European Economic 
Community will consider a 
joint approach on Soviet 
membership of the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade once a formal applica- 
tion from . Moscow b on foe 
table, the Soviet ambassador 
to Belgium was told yesterday. 

Mr Sergei Nilotin, foe 
ambassador, discussed the So- 
viet Union's relationship with 
foe world trade body at a 
special meeting with Mr Willy 
de Clerq, the EEC Trade 
Commissioner, as the EEC 
headquarters re-opened for 
business after its month-long 
summer break. 

Mr de Clerq gave no time- 
table for the EEC’s discussions 
but stressed it was a matter for 
agreement between the mem- 
ber governments of the Euro- 

pean Gnmnonity. He parried 
quelions over EEC support for 
Soviet participation in foe 
forthcoming round of negotia- 
tions on new world trade 

The EEC . commissioner 
said h was up . to the Gatt 
contracting parties to decide 
whether the Soviet Union 
should take part They would 
do so at the opening session of 
foe new Gatt round in the 
Uruguayan resort of Punta del 
Este fob month. • 

European Community sup- 
port for the Soviet demand is 
cruriaL Under EEC rules, the 
European Commission speaks 
on behalf of the 12 Commu- 
nity member governments in 
international trade negotia- 
tions relaying a position 
agreed in advance. 

R-R starts 
on space 

By Edward Towns e nd 
Industrial Correspondent 

Rolls-Royce has started to 
develop co m p onents for the 
engines hping d esig n e d In 
secret far foe hotel, Britain’s 
proposed space ptaae. • 

The Hotel, which is the 
subject of a two-year eovera- 
ment-backed study by British 
Aerospace, will take off and 
land like a normal arrfiner. 

However, foe- propulsion 
system tmrasL the HoteLfrom 
aa aeroplane info a spacecraft. 
Hie - Rolls-Royce engine 
town as -the RBS45, ases 
atmosp heri c oxygen h the 
■e -way airfiner's jet 
eighes, mrtil about nine min- 
ut» after take-off. - 
The. engine then switches 
-over to ase the afraafPs liquid 
oxygen supply, which if car- 
ries on hoard to provide the 
rocket propulsion nee de d to 
pnt foe space plane mto orbit. 

If foe Hotel became a 
commercial rentere it conld 
transport passengers from 
London to Sydney, Australia, 
in three-quarters man hoar. 

Rolls-Royce- said yesterday 
the Hotel was being designed 
to pnt satellites into low-earfo 
orbh at about a fifth of the cost 
of a shuttle branch — by the 
id of the ceatnry. 

Mr Stewart MflJex, Rolls- 
Royce 1 * director- of corporate 
engineering, said: “The engine 
concept b unique, but we have 
to answer some major tech- 
nical questions before we can 
satisfy ourselves that ft will 

“In doe course we woaM like 
to • see a wide European 
involvement ." 

77% response 
to Boots bsue 

Shareholders in Boots have 
takes ap 77-5 per cent of foe 
shares bring breed at 205p 
each for foe purchase of Flint, 
foe American drag company. 
Shares not applied for win be 
placed. The $555 nriffiou 
(£375 Bullion) acqui si ti on b 
expec t ed to be completed on 
Wednesday, and drillings in 
foe new shares to begin cm 

Henry Ansbacher, the mer- 
chant bank,' yesterday ex- 
pressed strong doubts about 
the vote tallies at last week’s 
Extel Group meeting which 
paved foe way for the com- 
pany to make a $40 million 
(£26 million) acquisition in 
the United. States. 

The bank, which backed 
foeMirror Group publisher, 
Mr Robert Maxwell, in his 
attempt to block the deal said 
it knew of shareholders who 
cast a total of 17.52 million 
votes against the two resolu- 
tions, which approved foe 
purchase — almost 200,000 
more than foe totals recorded 
at the meeting. 

Ansbadier's move, said by 
City .bankers to be unprece- 
dented, b particularly signifi- 
cant given the closeness of the 
votes, which approved the 
of Deala*' Digest, a 
publishing firm, by 
fewer than 900,000 votes. 

However, foe Extel chair- 
man, Mr Alan Brooker, dis- 
missed . the Ansbacher 
objection as “a storm in a 

By Richard Lander 
teacup— the matter b over as 
far as we are concerned.'* 

He said be was amazed that 
Ansbacher should impugn foe 
reputation of the two scru- 
tineers. Extel*s share reg- 
istrars, the Royal Bank of 
Scotland, and its auditors, 
Ddoite, Haskins and Sells. 

Lord Spats, Ansbadier’s 
managing director, denied 
that he was intimating any 
wrongdoing on foe pan of foe 

He said; “There may be a 
reason, such as proxy 
is getting lost. However. I 
am concerned that those 
shares that we know of alone 
add up to more than we were 
credited for.” 

Ansbadier’s announcement 
called on other shareholders 
who voted against the ac- 
quisition to contact the hank 
“with a view to considering 
what further action can be 

Lord Spens would not com- 
ment on what form fob action 
might take, but any legal 
recourse would be fraught 


Ship canal 
£37m offer 

By Judith Huntley 
Commensal Property 

Manchester Ship Canal 
Company has again rejected 
Highams' £37 million take- 
over bid after a board meeting 

The board remains unani- 
mous in its belief that 
Highams' cash offer of 623p 
per share substantially under- 
values MSCC*s developing as- 
set base. 

The potential plum within 
MSCC is the Barton Dock site, 
dose to Manchester city cen- 

Both the canal company 
and Highams. foe private 
company of Mr John Whit- 
taker, chairman of Peel Hold- 
ings. the retail developer, want 
to develop the area with 

However. Manchester City 
Council, which has 1 1 of the 
21 scats on the MSCC board 
does not like the idea of a large 
retail development so close to 
its city centre. 

Mr Donald Redford, chair- 
man of MSCC. told 
shareholders yesterday foe 
price of the company's or- 
dinary and preference shares 
had remained above the 
Highams' offer price since 
MSCC posted its fust defence 
circular a month ago. 

Highams says its offer 
represents a large premium to 
MSCCs net asset value, put at 
4 1 6p per share. 

It b content to wait for foe 
further acceptimces it needs to 
gain a majority of the voting 
rights which are heavily 
weighted in favour of small 

Highams has given under- 
takings to the Takeover Panel 
that it will break down its 
shareholding to give it major- 
ity voting rights. 

It says it could undertake 
the move at any time. 

with complexities in the light 
of Extel formally completing 
the purchase of Dealers' Di- 

The votes tallied by 
Ansbacher comprised the 
shares owned by itself, Mr 
Maxwell and four institutions, 
one of which made itself 
known after foe bank's 
announcement, but did not 
include proxies submitted by 
Mr Maxwell's advisers. NM 
Rothschild, after he circulated 
Extel's shareholders wiih his 

These are thought to ac- 
count for another 50,000- 
60,000 votes and could have 
been the source of some 
confusion during the count as 
several shareholders sold their 
shares after mandating their 
proxies to Rothschild. 

• Mr Maxwell's stake in Extel 
has fallen from 29.99 per cent 
to about 25 per cent after he 
failed to lake up any of the 
new shares issued to pay for 
Dealers' Digest. About 70 per 
cent of Extel’s shareholders 
took up their entitlements. 

Ferruzzi pledges not to 
raise Berisford stake 

ByOmr City Staff 

Finaniaria, the could raise its investment in 

Italian - agribusiness conglom- 
erate, has given an undertak- 
ing to foe Government that it 
will not increase its stake m 
S&W Berisford beyond foe 
current 23.7 per cent while the 
Monopolies and Mergers Co- 
mmission b investigating its 
proposed bid for the commod- 
ity trading group. 

The undertaking, made -to 
Mr Paul Channon, foe Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, puts Ferruzzi on an 
equal footing with Tate & 
Lyle, which also has a bid for 
Berisford under • official 
scrutiny. . 

Tate agreed with the 
Department in July that it 

Berisfond from 9 to 232 per 
cent, although it has yet to do 
so. . 

Ferruzzi has also .matched 
another Tate pledge by agree- 
ing not- to exercise voting 
rights attaching to more than 
15 per cent of Berisfond shares 
during the time the commis- 
sion is at work. 

- Mr Channon has told foe 
commission to make hs report 
by November 18. Its inquiry 
will .focus chiefly oh the 
competitive effect of either 
Ferruzzi or Tate acquiring 
Berisford's British Sugar 
subsidiary which holds foe 
beet sugar monopoly in foe 
United Kingdom. 

West German paints 
acquisition by ICI 

By Out City Staff 

ICI has paid BASF an 
undisclosed amount for 
Inmont's paint-making West 
German subsidiary. 

BASF acquired Inmont in 
September last year on foe 
condition, imposed by the 
German federal cartel office, 
that it divest itself of Inmont's 
West German subsidiary. 

Inmont in. Germany em- 
ploys 330 people and last year 
had a turnover of about DM76 
million (£25 million). The 
vehicle refinish paints sector 
b by far the most significant of 
its interests. * 

The German refinish mar- 
ket at 30 million litres b foe 
largest in Europe and com- 

pares with 21 million litres in 
Britain. ICI says Inmont 
presents an opportunity to 
significantly expand its re- 
finish market base in Europe. 

The remaining Inmont 
business in Germany, al- 
though less significant in vol- 
ume terms, will largely 
complement ICTs existing 

The value of foe transaction 
is less than I per cent of the 
ICI group's assets. As well as 
the manufacturing base and 
distribution depots, ICI will 
have use of the brand names 
of Inmont in West Germany 
and Austria for a transitional 

T&N offer 
is extended 

Turner and Newall’s offer 
for AE has been extended until 
September 12 when it will 
dose unless it has become 
unconditional on acceptances. 
The cash alternative will dose 
on that dale. 

Acceptances of the in- 
creased offer have now been 
received for 10.6 per cent of 
the AE shares. - - 

Turner already held 1.5 per 
cent when it made its offer and 
during the offer, period 
Instantwonder, an associated 
company erf Turner, has pur- 
chased a total of 23.9 per cent. 

Turner and companies act- 
ing in concert with it now 
control 35.9 per cenL 
It claims the significant 
purchases already made and 
acceptances are encouraging. 

market summary 


New Yorfcf imi 

Dow Jones — — 1898-34 (-1.83) 

Mtttf Dow — - 18820.75 (+3355) 




Paris CAC — 


SKA General - 
London dosing prices 





Bank Base: i0*» _ .... _ 

3-momh efigkte 

Prime Rate 7%% 

Federal Funds 5" 



E: $1.4905 
E; DM3.0138 
£: FFr93820 
E fndejc-71.0 

tFrtday’s closing prices- Wan 


SDR £0316404 
ECU £0-694994 



Brit Aerospace 

Lucas ; — - 

ABed Lyons — 
Natwest — : — 

. 358p 





SC Bank 

Marlborough Props 

Untied Leading 


Cons Gold 

B Matthews 

Land Secs 



Stand Chartered — 

1C Gas ■ 







Goldsmiths 224p {+12p 

Habitat denies scheme to 
delay faxes was improper 

Brammer — .. 

- SfiOpWjp) 



aml:: .. 

dose 5391. 





Street was closed yesterday far labour 

Storehouse, foe 
nation between British 
Homes Store* and Habitat 
Mofoexcaitr yesterday denied 
that there was anything im- 
proper in actions taken by the 
Habitat side to postpone pay- 
ment of corporation tax by one 
of its subsidiaries. 

The technique employed by 
the subsidiary. Habitat -De- 
signs Ltd. has catapulted an 
unknown 42-year-ofd chemist, 
Mr VIv, Seaton, to fame, 
fortune and' a board seat 
alongside sach famous house- 
hold names as Sir Terence 
Conran. •' ■' 

It entailed Habitat Designs, 
which runs foe Habitat retail 
stores in fob country and has a 
turnover of £80 million a year, 
purchasing Mr Seaton’s 
chemist shop in Crewkerae, 
Somerset, in July 1984. 

Mr Seaton's business, by 
virtne of foe fact that it was in 
existence before April 5 1965, 
had the benefit of being able to 

. By Lawrence Lever 

pay its corporation tax bill 15 
months after the end of the tax 

Companies coming into 
existence after this date, have, 
according to foe provisions of 
section 244 of foe Income and 
Corporation Taxes Act 1970, 
to pay their corporation tax. 
bHI- within nine months of foe 
end of the tax year. 

The purchase of Mr Sea- 
ton’s company, in effect al- 
lowed Habitat to take 
advantage of hs later tax 
payment date and defer pay- 
ment of its tax for about six 
months ' 

This device provides Habi- 
tat with a considerable saving. 
Mr Jim Power, finance, direc- 
tor of Storehouse, said yes- 
terday: “There is an interest 
swing of around £200,000 for 
the delay.” 

He also admitted that an- 
other company in the Store- 
house Group, Mbfoercare -UK 
Ltd. Is bring foe same tech- 

nique to delay the date, its tax 
falls due. 

“We are totally within foe 
roles. It would be siDy to 
ignore these possftHities," Mr 
Power said. 

“Theoretically it is a bit of 
an anomaly but it is there, and 
we are fry no means foe only 
group using ft." 

“The Inland Revenue has 
not challenged our adoption of 
this procedure. Maybe they 
will now,” he said, ruefully 
considering foe effects, of 

• The Revenue meanwhile is 
keeping its cards dose to its 

It is understood to be con- 
cerned that there may be an 
increase in the use of pre-1965 
companies to delay corpora- 
tion tax. 

-Head office Is believed to 
have asked its inspector* to 
report cases where -this is 



Announce that Ihey have changed their name to .. . 




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BOurDistrtouSonDivjston already handle 
some of the wockft best seffing micro computer 

B rwJucfc... IRMA from DCA. Modems from . 

oyes. AutoSwileh EGA Card bom Paradise 
Systems, Hordcafa from Plus Development 
Corporation. They wU continue to expand their 
range of tachricalty innovative products. 

The operation of our IBM PC dealership 
WEST SURREY COMPUTERS has been combined 
wah our mainframe communications controfler 
la form a single new division. This enterprise is 
called Nelworfc Systems DivisKxi and will 
spedate in coiporcrte communicafions and 
netwQfk* in the bm environments. 

Under our new name of Computer 
Marketing pic we look tomato to fnaeasha 
our level or service to the UKJJ 

comp u ter flKN te ina lie 

CMA HoraQixnbuy Estate, lower Gtridfcxd Road 
Knaph* Stray GU21 2EW 

Fa»[D48A7188424 fetex3993« CM* G 




Profits at 
Data up 
by 48% 

By Lawrence Lever 

Norsk Data, the Norwegian 
computer group listed on tfie 
London Stock Exchange, yes- 
, terday announced a 48 per 
cent increase in pretax profits 
for the six months ending 
June 30. 

The figures are up from 
111.] million Norwegian kro- 
- ner (£10 J22 million) to 
Nkr 164.8 million (£15.16 mil- 
lion) on the basis of an 
exchange rate of 10.87 kroner 
to the pound. 

• New orders for Norsk 
Data's business computers in 
the United Kingdom in- 
creased by more than 100 per 
cent in the first six months of 
the year. 

Mr Rolf Skar, president and 
chief executive, said that sales 
of fully-integrated production 
and editorial systems to re- 
gional newspapers and com- 
puter-aided design systems to 
the mechanical engineering 
industry had been particularly 
strong in the United 

Norsk Data had also 
achieved a high level of sales 
of information systems to 
United Kingdom government 

New orders worldwide, 
however, show only a 20 per 
cent increase, largely because 
of a flat performance in 
Norsk’s home market 

The company attributes this 
to exceptionally high growth 
in the past two years and a cut 
in demand sparked off by 
declining oil prices. 

Norsk’s operating revenues 
increased by 40 per cent to 
Nkrl.105 billion. 

Scotland aims for 
growth in the 
financial markets 

From Aim Warden, Glasgow 

Scotland, Britain's second 
financial centre, sees the com- 
ing changes in the Gty as a 
catalyst to help it win a bigger 
slice of the international take, 
something it consider it is 
marked for by history. 

The Scottish Boor of the 
Stock Exchange, behind its 
saltire flag and gothic facade 
in the centre of Glasgow, 
handles 7 per cent of total 
Slock Exchange equity turn- 
over. and finance in Glasgow, 
Edinburgh and other Scottish 
cities provides about 80,000 
jobs. Scotland handles 33 per 
cent of the nation's invest- 
ment trusts- 

Now the Scots, who have 
had trading floors in various 
cities since 1844, and stock- 
brokers since 1830, have re- 
organized their financial 
community in ways thought to 
be the most varied in Britain. 

The Scottish Development 
Agency is exploring potential 
customers and markets, and 
there is pride that the speech 
announcing the restructuring 
of Britain's financial services 
sector, made by the Governor 
of the Bank of England, Mr 
Robin Leigh-Pemberton, in 
the spring of 1984, was deliv- 
ered in Edinburgh. 

The term “Big bang" is 
frowned on north of the 
border, however, as overstate- 
ment. Inventiveness in re-- 
arranging themselves has not 
tempted Scottish jobbers and 
brokers away from “ca’ing 
canny** — being shrewdly care- 

ful — about change, and 
sticking to the areas they know 

Penney Easton, the Glasgow 
Stockbroker, has emphasized 
its tradition of advising pri- 
vate clients by hiving off its 
administrative function to a 
separate company: Broker 
Services, owned by Barclays 
Bank and NMW, the com- 
puter company, began operat- 
ing in Glasgow on August I. 

Another Glasgow stock- 
broker, Parsons and Co, is 
probably the biggest single 
member of a British network 
of provincial stockbrokers 
formed this year, which its 
managing director, Mr Ber- 
nard Solomons, is credited 

with conceiving. 

The group. Allied Provin- 
cial Securities, claims about 
100.000 clients mid has more 
than 25 offices all over Brit- 
ain. The newest opened this 
month at Peterborough, and 
more are planned. APS will 
offer clients the participating 
brokers’ research, plus the 
wider-reaching wisdom of 
James Capel, the London 
broker, which is a minority 

Many Scottish companies, 
such as Penney Easton and 
Parsons, have guarded their 
independence, but even those 
in which control has gone 
elsewhere see the outside in- 
terest as acknowledgement of 
Scotland's strength. 

Aitken Campbell, one of the 
two Scottish jobbers, who will 


Liffe and SE prepare for battle 

Futures and options mar- 
kets are food of considering 
themselves as the last bastions 
of free enterprise, where prices 
are determined street market- 
style by the supply and de- 
mand needs of equally well- 
informed participants. 

Adopting this stance also 
means that the markets at 
times have to submit to one of 
the harsher laws of free enter- 
prise — survival of the fittest 

Not in the sense that ex- 
changes swallow each other up 
willy-nilly, (although the Chi- 
cago Board of Trade took over 
the ailing Mid- America 
Commodity Exchange) biff 
that when two markets corn- 

centre. Despite the advent of 
the electronic village, different 
time zones and sources of 
capital still count 
So it was particularly note- 
worthy last week when the 
London International Finan- 

cial Futons Exchange (Liffe) 
announced that it planned to 

pete by offering similar or 
identical contracts, it is rare 

identical contracts, it is rare 
that both can prosper. 

Contract liquidity has 
sheep-like tendencies and, 
once business begins climbing 
at one exchange, it quickly 
tends to leave the other mar- 
ket, widening the gap between 
the rivals. 

The process is particularly 
noticeable when two markets 
compete in the same financial 

annotmeed that it planned to 
introduce options on its FT-SE 
100 index futures from the end 
of this month. 

Options on the FT-SE index 
are already traded on the 
Stock Exchange and, despite 
the technical problems inher- 
ent to all that market’s options 
contracts, have proved very 
successful as a means of 
hedging equity investments or 
taking a highly-geared ponton 
the trend of equities. 

Now Liffe is coming in to 
provide competition at what 
can only be described as an 
opportune time. Big Bang is 
not only increasing toe number 
of market makers who need to 
hedge, but it is breaking down 
the barriers between liffe and 
the Stock Exchange member- 
ship lists as brokers and 
jobbers join Liffe or are taken 

over by banks already there. 

The two contracts wO! have 
some differences, as Mr Mi- 
chael Jenkins, chief executive 
of liffe, posits out. litre's 
proposed contract is User 
Hmw that of the Stock Ex- 
change ami, he notes, is aimed 
more at the institution that 
wishes to hedge rather than 
tbe speculator. 

And, while the Stock Ex- 
change contract is based on 
the underlying index, toe Liffe 
version takes its cae from a 
futures contract or, as the 
Stock pyrhange described it, 
“an intervening .artiflcnl 

None die less, competition 
there will be, and m the end 
one exchange wiB be likely to 
suffer. The two markets al- 
ready fight head-t o-head on 
two currency option contracts, 
with Liffe doing better, bat the 
exchanges are obviously more 
evenly matched when it comes 
to the FT-SE. 

Liffe has its FT-SE Atones 
pit to generate volume while 
the Stock Exchange remains 
toe natural home for equity 

Cathay Pacific 
Airways Limited 



The unaudited consolidated results of Cathay Pacific Airways Limited for the six months 
ended 30ih June 1986 were: 

Six months ended Year ended 

30th June 31st December 


Operating profit 

Net finance income/I charges) 

Net operating profit 
Share of prof its of associated 
Profit before taxation 

Profit after taxation 
Minoritv interest 

Profit attributable to 

Retained profit 

Earnings per share 














































Interim dividend 

The directors at Cathay Pacific Airways Limited have today declared an interim dividend 
for 1986 of 6 . 0 C per share. 

The interim dividend will be paid on 30th September 1986 to shareholders registered at 
the close of business on 26 lb September 1986: the share register will be closed from 
15th September 1986 to 26th September 1986. both dates inclusive. 


Profitability m the second half-year should c o nt in ue to be favourably influenced by low 
fuel prices with a consequent restraining effect on costs generally. However, the bottom of 
this particular market cycle may have been reached and there could be some upturn in fuel 
prices following the latest OPEC agreement on oil production. As regards traffic volumes, 
the cargo market remai ns st rong but passenger traffic in some areas of the Gompaay's opera- 
tion is a little weak and some dilution in the passenger yield is also expected. The recent 
devaluation of the Australian dollar has significantly reduced revenue from this important 
market. On balance, with the benefit of the good results of the first half-year, I expect that 
the Company’s profit for the whole of 1986 will be not less than HKS1.0 billion, and that a 
final dividend of at least 13-0® per share will be recommended. 

The full interim report will be sem to all shareholders on 8th September 1986. 

HM.R Miles 

Hong Kong. 2Sth August. 1986 

-Arrive in better shape* 



be known as market makers 
after October 27, is now 
controlled by Union Dis- 
count, the London company. 

Mr John Cornyn, formerly 
the Scottish film’s admin- 

Norsk Hydro Fertilizers: 
Mr Geoffrey Rickards has 
been made managing director. 

Reuter Simian; Mr Toby 
Wilkinson, Miss Anita 
Doswefi and Mr Christopher 
Rigby have become associate 

St Mod wen Properties: Mr 
Clive Lewis is appointed a 
non-executive director. 

Field Fisher & Martineau: 
Miss Frances Smart joins the 

Deaton Hall Burgin and 
Warrens: Mr Robert W Allan 

Acorn plants roots 
of a sound future 

has become a partner. 

Declan Kelly Group: Mr 
Peter Horreil has joined the 
main board and is made 
managing director. Guildway. 

istra&ve partner, now sec- 
retary under its new status as a 

retary under its new status as a 
limited company, believes 
that Union Discount took its 
50.1 per cent stake because 
“my idea is that they have lad 
some success in their Edin- 
burgh office." 

Charles Barker Lyons: Miss 
Nancy Price has been made 

account director and Mr Paul 
Kelly account executive. 

The jobber, based at the 
Scottish Stock Exchange 
building in Glasgow, has 
taken on five young dealers to 
increase its staff to 16, and it is 
looking forward to its prices 
being displayed to a bigger 
audience when Seaq, the Stock 
Exchange automatic quota- 
tion service, cocoes into opera- 
tion in October. 

The most for-readung Scot- 
tish ambitions, however, 
spring from Scotland's being 
largely setTcontained as a 
financial centre, with its own 
note-issuing and bank clearing 
systems, legal system and 
company registration office. 

Scotland's financial exper- 
tise supplements and com- 
plements London's, according 
to Professor John Shaw, of 
Ddoitte, Haskins and Sells in 
Edinburgh's New Town. He is 
executive director of Scottish 
Financial Enterprise, 
launched in May by toe 
Scottish Development Agency 
to help expand Scotland as an 
international financial centre. 

trading. Who will come out on 
top at a time of such radical 
change in the mar- 

kets is impossible to predict 

A separate question is 
whether such competition wiB 
do anything to the 

popularity of eqmty index 
options in Britain. 

While they have shown 
strong growth over the past 
three years, many institutions 
are still at the bottom of the 
learning awe, with their 
trustees and directors still 
trying to grasp the advantages 
and pit&Os of a market that 
often has the reparation of a 
punter's paradise. 

Now sack oatriden are also 
faced with a choice of markets 
if they d ec ide to nse options, 
and salesmen have even more 
to explain to their clients. 

Some analysts fear that 
outsiders might be pot off, and 
that most of the new vohme 
arising from inter-market 
competition would come from 
arbitrageurs trying to play me 
exchange's options off against 
the other. 

Richard Lander 

Mr Clive Lewis 

George H Schotes: Mr Regi- 
nald Victor Harrington ha* 
become managing director. 

London Bride Mr R S 
Fnlford is to be chairman. Mr 
D J Snowdon becomes manag- 
ing director and Mr J C Meins 
has been made finance direc- 
tor. Heatek Services: Mr Da- 
vid Briggs and Mr Vivian 
Pearce become directors. 

Building Contractors 
Federation: Mr Colin 
Middtemiss has been made a 

National Westminster 
Bank: Mr Tim Fmlow be- 
comes senior international 
executive for Africa, Middle 
East and India. 

Wadlow Grosvenor Inter- 
national: Mr Nicholas Crean 
has been made marketing 

Mortgage Corporation: Mr 
Ray Pierce is to be marketing 
and sales director. 

Steel Brothers Holdings: Mr 
David Kinloch joins the board 
as a nonexecutive director. 

Department erf 1 Trade & 
Industry: Mr Martyn Baker 
becomes director, North- 
Western region on September 

Clay & Partners: Mr Bob 
Thomson joins as a partner. 

London Shop Property 
Trust Mr Peter Green be- 
comes a non-executive 

The sound mangement prin- 
ciples planted at Acorn Com- 
puter after last year's 
problems have germinated 
and toe company is showing 
a healthy growth potential 

About 50,000 of Acorn’s 
mainstream products were 
sold in the first half of this 
year, generating an operating 
profit Two thirds of the units 
were in the BBC Master 
Computer range, launched, 
amid much acclaim, last 

The second half ought to 
show a substantial improve- 
ment. because of the impetus 
provided by yesterday’s 
launch of the BBC Master 

Acorn’s managing director, 
Brian Long, thinks that the 
Master Compact is a better 
buy than anything toe com- 
pany has made in the past. It 
gives Acorn the opportunity 
to move back into a more 
volume-orientated market, 
while keeping it within the 
broad confines of the special- 
ist educational market, in 
which the group is the 
acknowledged market leader. 

The initial surge in growth 
in' the educational market, 
whore A com enjoys 70 to 80 
per cent is probably over. But 
Acorn is directing its efforts 
in overseas markets, where 
educational products are as 
yet relatively untried. 

The Master Compact is 
thought to be the perfect 
product for this nascent mar- 
ket, because of its linguistic 
flexibility. Acorn is expecting 
to sell two thirds of its Master 
Compacts abroad. 

Olivetti is going to market 
the Master Compact under its 
own name in Italy. Original 
Equipment Manufacture 
(OEM) is expected to provide 
at least 50 per cent of future 
sales, with about 30 per cent 
from customers other than 

Acorn is now a much 
sounder business. It has tight- 
ened up its operation and 
oow looks well positioned for 
toe future. Olivetti has made 
it dear that it will retain a 
79.8 per cent shareholding 
unless Acorn needs to raise 

Ibis would be out of the 
question until the company 
was consistently trading 
profitably, which may not be 
until the middle of next year. 

United Spring to 
buy Turbo Tools 

United Spring & Steel is to 
acquire Turbo Tools (Hull) for 
an initial prioe of £1.5 million, 
supported by 2.450 million 
new shares. 

A further payment of op to 
£2.25 million in shares or cash 
may be made, depending on 

The company is to make a 
one-for-five rights issue at 60p 
a share, comprising 1.46 mil- 
lion new shares, plus 1.25 
million of the shares issued to 
make the Turbo purchase. 
Alexanders Laing and 
Cruickshank is to underwrite 
the offer. 

The board forecasts that the 
profit before lax of toe en- 
larged group for toe year to 
September 30 will be about 

£1.4 million, of which £1 
million will be contributed by 
toe existing group. 

It expects the group's earn- 
ings per share after tax for the 
year to be about 5.47p, com- 
pared with 4.l8p fin- last year, 
adjusted for the induaon of 
the results of Turbo, an in- 
crease of 30 percent. 

A final dividend of Up is to , 
be recommended, making 2p 
for the year, an increase of 33 
per cent over last year. 

Turbo's business is 
designing a wide range of 
special machinery, mainly for 
the baking industry. In addi- 
tion, it sells food processing . 
equipment under agency I 
agreements. .1 



The figures below refer to Friday's trading. Wall 
Street was closed yesterday for Laboer Day. 

9 9 

9 9 

9 9 

It is not unreasonable to 

expect Acorn to . make 
approaching £2 million for 
the year as a whole. 

The shares rose 30 per ant 

yesterday in a narrow market 
and are selling on a prospec- 
tive price earnings ratio oT2D 
times. This seems high 
enough at this stage. 


Documents are flying be- 
tween the advisers of BET 
and HAT Group BET’S £1 14 
million offer will be final 

unless a white knight gallops 

over toe horizon. H AT, in toe 

meantime, is busy preparing 
a defence document to be 
published by Friday, toe last 
day on which it can comment 
on current trading. 

A forecast of around £13 
million should be forthcom- 

ing whkfc the sceptics suspect 

wiu include pension write- 
backs and may change the 
basis on which profits on 
long-term contracts are 

HAT has been unable to 
report results which prove 
that its fully-integrated, ser- 
vice-oriented building 
maintenance package works. 
There have been a tew span- 
ners in toe works, such as the 
Houston Property fiasco, but 
there is still something of a 
gap between the theory and 
toe practice. Ironically, the 
one point BET and HAT 
agree on is that there is 
considerable potential in the 

BET is paying between 13.5 
and 15 times earnings, 
. depending on the tax charge 
used. By stripping out the 
glass division and putting the 
darning division on a mul- 
tiple which reflects the price 
BET is paying for Brengreen, 
HAT could claim the exit p/e 
is less than 10_S times. 
Whether investors are pre- 
pared to back HAT'S ebul- 
lient chairman, David 
Telling, is the crucial factor. 
It looks as if it will be a dose 
run thing. 

ing to toe market Instead it 
has made fair progress in 
terms of profit growth and 
has diversified sensibly in an 
attempt to spread its interests 
away from toe competitive 
contract printing business. 

Yesterday's results for the 
year to May 31 showed pretax 
profit rising 35 per cent to 
£1.2 million from £896,000 l 
N early all of this came from 
organic growth § in the 
company's core businesses of 
priming a wide range of 
newspapers and magazines, 
fine an goods and paper 
mere hauling. 

This year Goodhead’s re- 
sults will have a different 
complexion. In May, it paid 
£3.25 million for 10 free 
newspaper titles, which, of 
course, it will also prim. The 
group already owns two 
frcesheets and has found that 
margin* are roughly double 
the 5 per cent which can be 
earned from printing. As a 
result, Goodhead should de- 
rive a quarter of its profits 
from publishing this year. 

Goodhead paid for toe new 
titles from short-term 
borrowings and shareholders 
are soon to be asked for some 
£3 million to £4 million in a 
convertible preference share 
rights issue to pay off the 
loans and provide some more 
working capital for possible 
further acquisitions. Mr 
Colin Rosser, the chairman, 
is giving himself a brief to 
look for ventures that do not 
stray too for from printing 
and publishing and hopefully 
provide work for another 
division, as the freesheets 
have done. 

Goodhead Print 

The company is chirpy 
about the way things have 
gone in the first three months 
of the current year and Mr 
Rosser is unusually confident 
in predicting that pretax prof- 
its growth will be higher than 
last year's 35 percent He also 
predicts a significant 
improvement in earnings per 
share, although by exactly 
how much win depend on the 
way toe rights issue is 

Unlike many of its USM 
counterparts, Goodhead 
Print Group has neither hit 
the heights nor crashed 
through the floor since com- 

The shares, up 2p at 117p 
yesterday, stand on a current 
price-earnings multiple of 
1 1.5, which cannot be exces- 
sive if such growth prospects 
are realized. 


GA&F or the six months to June 
30 with figures in £000,tnmover 
200 (362), gross profit 22 (183). 
adimnisration 142 (134), ex- 
change losses 4 (gains 33X 

• PENGKALEN: No dividend 
is to be paid for the six months 
u> march 31. With figures in 
£000, turnover 6,200 (4,864), 

operating loss 124 (profit 82 
investment losses 3 (gains 73), 
interest credit 5 (debit 3), other 
income 4 (25), loss before tax 
1 18 (profit 177). tax nil (4), loss 
attributable to shareholders 1 18 
(profit 173), deficit per 
oidainary share LI Ip (earnings 

• SILVER MINES: For the 
six months to June 30, an 
interim dividend of Ip (2p) will 
be paid and the bond antici- 
pates that the final dividend will 
not be less than the interim. 
With figures in IR£0OO, operat- 
ing loss 151 (198 profit), invest- 
ment portfolio loss less 
provisions 1,550 (3,816 pit), 
associa te d companies 46 (399), 

loss 2.330 (8.491), loss 
Before tax 10.892 (27,2201 tax 
loss per share 0.82p (1.96p). 

• OCEONICS s Mr RF Aird, 
the chairman, says in his annual 
statement that while it is most 
unlikely a return to overall 
profitability wiO be achieved in 
the current, year, prospects for 
next year are more encouraging. 

ORGANISATION: For toe six 
months to June 30 (compari- 
sons amended) figures in £mil- 
lion. turnover 7.3 (27.4). pre-tax 
profit 10 (4.8), tax 3.4 (1), profit 
of subsidiaries sold during 1985 
after tax - (1.7), extraordainary 

credit - (195.81 
Turnover for 1985 includes 
£19-5 million in respect of 
Thomson Withy Grove which 
was sold at the end of 1985. Pre- 
tax profit for 1986 includes a 
£6.6 million rebate of aircraft 
rental and a £1 ,2m profit on the 
sale of a subsidiary to another 
subsidiary. The comparative fig- 
ures for 1985 include £2-2 
millio n for property sales. The 
extraordainary ' profit arises 
from the sale m May 1985 of toe 
company's holdings in Thom- 
son Travel mid Thomson Re- 
gional Newspapers to other 


pretax loss 1,655 (4,413 pft). tax 
75 (3^07). loss per share 12.46p 
(6.54p earnings). Thcboard says 
that demite the difficulties 
encountered during first Jjalf. it 
believes that prospects for seo- 
ood half are more favourable. 

The group has agreed to 
acquire 100% of PGM Holding, 
which owns 77.5% of PGM 
Baliscrews.The consideration 
will paid by the issue of 
3,826,531 shares in silvcrmincs 
with a further payment of a 
maximum of £600,000 staling 
in 1988, conditional on achiev- 
ing certain profit targets. 

• BRUNTONSe An improved 
offer on behalf of Carico En- 
gineering has been posted to 
Bntnton shareholders. Tie im- 


(CLANSMAN): The group has 
declared an interim dividend of 

proved offer will remain open 
for acceptance until September 

tails of a proposed pre feren ce 
share investment in Youghal 
have been sent to shareholders. 
The circular outlines proposals 
for conve nin g existing Joans to 
Youghal into 5,847,000 l2Vz per 
cent convertible cam part pfef. 
erence shares. 

pany ays that an additional 
£285,000 las been paid, based 
on toe profits of Lorenzo’s for 
year en ded Ap ril 30. 

• ARNOTT& The interim 
dividend is 4_5 p (same), 

turnover for the half 

I.Ilp (1.0 Ip) for the six months 
to June 30. With figures in £000s 
group turnover rose to 26^41 
(23,6l 1) and pretax profit to 
1,91 1 (1,752). Earnings per 
sh are w ere up to 3.93p (3 36p). 

• CHURCH AND CO: Results 
for the six months to June 30 
indude an interim dividend of 
2.5p (same), payable on October 
20. Group turnover (figures in 
£000$) edged up to 26,335 
(25,753) out pretax profit 
slipped to 1,685 (1,724). Earn- 
ings per share were 9.9p (9.8p). 

• fLOGAS; The company is 
paring a final dividend of 
Ir2.128p making Ir3.4p 
(Ir2,65p) for the year to May 31. 
Turnover rose to lr£20.54 mil- 
lion or £18.34- million against 
It£l8.53 million and pretax 
profit to Ii£2.8 1 million (u£I.S4 

• i-.-ti.lITJI I iWTIra 

■r faj r j/ 'll Err A* M 

to July 31 to 032 

gross revenue 188 (222) ex- 
penses and interest 133 (82) tax 
1 7 (59) earnings 38 (8 1 ) net asset 
value lQQ.81p (87.06pX The 
company says that earnings for 
Bret six months should not be 
ofcmi as an indication of results 
for full year. 

An interim dividend of 2p (2 d) 
has been declared for the sre 
months to June 30, which win 
be paid on October I. With 
figures in £000$. turnover edged 

io 589 (587) and earnings per 
share to 7.7p (7-Op). 




Mot & Company 1000% 

££-_ torn 

fflte* Savinost 10.75% ; 

Constated Onto 10.00% . 

Gadnenlal Trust 1100% 

ttHgnatiw Bank 1000%. 

C. Hose & Co 10.00% 

HWflKWfl & Shanghai — 1000% • 

Bank —1000% 

Nai VfestnmstBr_ 10X0%' 

Bgal Bank of Sco&rtd__HL00% 

TSB 1000 % 

CWa* NA_^_ 10.00V 

t Mo rtg ag e Bare Rate. 


0 * 





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tbL nSf r bttyn » mood as 
^leijST 3CC0unt ^ 
™ .spn/ey and 

reccn ^ unmspiring perfor- 

nwiice on WaD Steffi to 

deter the enthusiasm which 
be^n late last week. 

After a cautious start, share 

stock shortage again a fector 
behind many of the sharper 
n sc s» 

The FT 30 share index 

“P* h^iiylO.8 poims 

i *t 1322.7 whfle the FT— SE 
ahead 11.6 points to 

‘ Aerospace stocks were 
bought on the prospect oflarge 
orders from the Farnborouah 
Air Show this week. BAE at 
Slop and Westland 86p, with 
contracts already announced, 
rose I Op and ^p. Othersto 
benefit included Lncas, I 7 n 
higher at 55 Ip, and Dowty 4p 
better at 226p. ^ 

Banks continued to respond 
to persistent takeover ru- 
mours, and excitement 
of the TSB launch. Convinced 
: that- Hong Kong Bank will 
soon launch a hid boos ted 
Royal Bank of Scotland a 
further 17p to 359p- Standard 
Chattered, where Lloyds is 
keeping its. options open by 
seeking to acquire a near 30 
per cent holding, advanced 
12tep to 709p^ Natwest ad- 
vanced I5p to 572p, Uhistrat- 
tng the strength of the otba 1 

Among breweries AHied- 
Lyoas was hoisted 15p to 
358p, on hopes of a monopoly 
go-ahead for the Elders bid. 
Grand Met improved 5p to 
408p on suggestions that the 
troubled Liggett subsidiary 
sale is imminent. 

ICE gained 15p to 109Ip, 
helped by the acquisition of i 
subsidiary of BASF, the Ger- 
man chemical company. 
Other leaders to improve be- 

tween 4p and 8p were Be*; 
cha® at 420p, Trust Hoase 
155p, and Vkftms, 41 Ip. 

Weekend press tips pro- 
vided the nsual crop of Mon- 
day features. Among the best 
was St Ires Group at 780p and 
Sydney Burks, 395p, mr 30p 
■“d. 3Sp respectively. • 

Others to improve between 
4p and 13p included Borland 
a 152p, Bra r 
ladbroki 361p, 

jumped 9p to 92p on news of 
an approach. Other properties 
made good progress with Far 
Eastern takeover rumours 
stimulatine-Land £ecarhtes at 
333p rodMEPC 34Qp, bofti 
up around 9p. Bdb Grnf 
returned from suspension at 
86p, up 21p, after a company 
remganizatiOD and the disclo- 
sure of new orders for £14 

Chnh eased 8p to 360p 

. . — . — j Hd£qs says it has received 

appnmchtt^Idi nay kad to an offer for the company. The 
w &r T? Up* ta king them to 94p on die mm w i i w u ws. 
MaribwMri^a predaafinantly adnstrial developer with sites 
oose to the M2S, recently acqmred a £1Z2 wffion Cto of Lon- 
don office buOding in Feachsrch Street throiwfa Its £6J2SmBlkm 
parcWof Cakherch Properties. The bt^kdtoc 1 
Aevdopment ^otentod, wakin g It an nttrecthe 
Manborongfc, ■ 

233p. Tozer Kemdey 18 Ip, 
United BiscaKts 246p, Goid- 
smiths 224p, and Storehoase 
36 Ip. 

_• Hopes of an autumn pend- 
ing spree excited stores, where 
Dhoas at 394p and Body 
Shop 655p scored rises of I2» 
and 20p. In engineers, Erew 
continued to benefit from the 
T1 Group stake sale; iq> 14p 
more to 244p. 

Foods to do weB were 
recent weakness caused by the 
rights issue. Bernard Mat- 
thews was hoisted 27p to 285p 
bn vague talk of a tod from 

Marlborough Properties 

after figures, but satisfactory 
profits supported P*wrf « 
(Leicester) at 88p, Goodhrad 
Printing 117p, Thenaax, 
I37p, mid Flogas I98p, up2p 
to op. 

Owlsea Mto (12Sp) 
Coated D ectrod ns (84p) 
Co&» (tir • 

Brans HaS.. 

Rrtcher Dennys 
OT Mar 
Oothria . 


to 6o. Portals at 325p, 

and VHEan Coffins A, 
3Q3p, aQ repenting this week 
gamed 6p to 2Qp, but 
Brxmmer, with firet-half prtrf- 
its expected today fefl to to 
293pL ' 

Norsk Data was marked up 
£1% to £21% following a 51 J 
per cent expansion in profits. 
Amstrad rose 6p to a new high 
of I50p in antidpation of 
today’s new computer launch. 

Lotocereall85p > AvwRah- 
ber at 351p, Armstrong Eipdp- 


HD> Eroonom 
Hugtos Food 
Lon utd Mv ‘ 

M6 Cash & 

Marina Dev . 

Morgan Qrsntel 
SMen (72p) 

Stanley Lnn (110rt 
TV-AM fl30p) 

Tandy bids m2 
Thames TV {1* . 
Tttwt & Britten 
Trees 2H%0 2018 
Unlock (top) 
WindBfnoor fl 

Leasing, 163p, were takeover 
favountes to attract interest, 
up 5p to 14p. Peatiand at 
455p, up I5p, continued to 
respond to Iasi week's 75 per 
cent expansion, up J-Sp to 
455p, . 

Chemicals enjoyed a firm 
session with Laporte up 13p to 
383p. OQs -shrugged aside 
initial caution to close on a 
firm note. IC Gas efimbed I7p 
to 473p on revived takeover 
speculation. Shell at 936p, 
improved by lOp. Extol at 
373p recovered lOp of Iasi 
Friday’s sharp decline on die 
completion of the Dealers 
Digest acquisition. 

Exco rose 5p to 234p m 
front of today'shalf-thne re- 
snhs. Dealers are hoping for 
profits of between £35 million 
and £40 million. 

Ins urance s moved ahead 
with Sun Alliance reporting 
on Wednesday another 5p up 
at 924p. Acxjuisition news 
supported Wold at 70p, up4p, 
while Hall Engtoeerm g was 
sunfiariy firmer ax 174p on the 
ale of a subsidiary to John 
Mowlem, . 

. Mining shares reflected the 
strength of the undeitying 
metal prices. Kaffirs dosed at 
over S3 higher after a $6 jump 
in bullion. Cons Gold climbed 
20p to 522p, while De Beers 
improved 27 cents to 682 
cents. Rustesbarg was 50 
cents higher at 1,143 cents. 

Y etearton (38(4 


AM Irish BkN/P 


B8A Gp N/P 

Brown _ 

Cftyvision F/P 
Forward Tech N/P 

L Speak N/P 
Television Sth F/P 
Top Vdue F/P 
(Issue price In bractote). 

12 +5 





£11. 6m 
cash call 

By Lawrence Lever 
Tiphook. the container and 
trailer leasing company, yes- 
terday announced a one-for- 
three rights issue to raise £ 1 1 .6 
million after expenses. 

Mr Robert Montague, 
chairman of the company, 
which has announced a 67 per 
cent increase in foil-year prof- 
its, said the proceeds wouldbe 
used “to develop and expand 
our operations and not to 
reduce the level of our 

The money would bolster 
the company’s container and 
trailer fleet and fund develop- 
ment of the Tiphook Rail 
subsidiary; which aims to 
provide integrated road and 
rail transport facilities. 

Tiphook** gearing stands at 
around 440 per cent 
Mr Montague said that the 
company, which is restricted 
by its articles of association to 
a gearing level of 500 per cent, 
traditionally traded in the 350 
to 450 per cent range. He 
added:“We are quite comfort- 
able at this leveL” 

The rights issue involves 
the issue of nearly 5 million 
new shares at 250p, a discount 
of almost 20 per cent on the 
285p (Mice ofTip hook’s shares 
immediately before the 

The shares have fallen by 
23p in a strong market after a 
premature leak about the 
rights issue last week. 

Mr Montague said: “We are 
investigating the source of the 
leak. It was unfortunate, al- 
though the rights issue would 
have been round the 250p 
price anyway.” The leak had 
not come from the company. 

Tiphook, in the rights issue 
announcement, forecasts a 
full-year dividend of 4.30p 
(3.73p) for the year to April 
30,1987. ■ 



Sep 86 Z- 


Mar 87 

Jur 07 

Sop 87. 

Dec 07. 

Previous day 1 * total open 
Tiro Monte BewtoSr 

Sep 88 — 

Dec 86 

Mar 07 


US Treasury Bond 

Sep 86 ; — 

Dec 08 

Mar 07 

. as 








- 9081 





- 9004 . 



. 9005 


- 90-77 





- . TIT 

— . 



- NT 



Merest 16000 

- 9433 

Previous day-rtottfopan Interest 21862 
9*40 9433 9437 405 

_ 9*42 




1712 - 

_■ 9438 

9443 . 




- 9417 





_■ 102-8* - 

Previous day's MM open teterest 5307 
102-14 102-0# 102-14' 13 

- 101-20 





- NT. 

■ — 



Short Cl 
Sep 86. 
Doc 06. 
Mar 07. 

Long CHI 
Sep86 — 
Dec 06 — 

Mar 87 


Sep 86 

DOC 86 

ftsrious defy MM open New 1006 
«T-33 ■-10WM' WSI- ■> 1CH-37 70 

101-36 101-37. 101-36 101-37 32 

NT — — 101-87 - O 

PrariousrMys Intel u pa n Intern et 17117 
121-18 121-31 121-14 C20T 414 

121-21 12204 121-15 12204 3288 

NT — — 12204 • 0 

NT — v 1220* 0 

fterious day's Intel open Interest 2566 
T88L10 • 17090 167.30 17050 S81 

17080 173J0 ■ . 17075 173.75 34 , ■ 


- First DssSags LestO MM ags - taMDec te ta M — For Set 

*uq* Aug 15 NmS Nov 17 

Aug 18 Sep 5 Nov 20 Oecl 

Sep 8 Sep 19 Dec4 . Dec 15 

ttehenput cte 1/9 ^6Fy « Intert M tlqnal. Barter SQobaqn. ISJ 

‘rehce, Conroy 

Comnsr Becmnlcs, QtenQaM Lsw- 

HymarL PrasMcti Holdings. BSR, _ 

rence. Conroy Fete, Octopus PubBsNng Group. Chwtertag, Pennine Resources. 
Sirdar. H. Corv. 

Put Deredc Bryan! Gimp. 




NYaik 2-d6T7-i068 

Montreal 1. 4875-1 A910 
Brussels 62.36-62.65 
Cphgen 11.4002 11A40* 
OSA 1^983-1.1007 
Rsnkfart 3.0098-3.0232 
LMxm 2T 420-21 6.94 
Madrid 198.06^199.00 
ICten 2077-802087.77 
Oslo 10*171-100619 
PVis 9.8315-9.0152 

Sncftta 102] 02-102560 
Tokyo 228.70229.61 
Vienna 2121-21^0 
Zuridi 24283-24394 ' 



32987-34032 . 






' 2128-2100 
te1875nne8ee ei « 

100-1 GSefe 
n - 



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394-314 pram 
|B 700-71 0|. 



Sheraton takes 
. control - 
of Rickworth 

Sheraton Securities, the 
property company, has bought 
76.25 per cent of Rickworth 
Securities, a subsidiary of the 
Lesser Group, for an un- 
disclosed sum. 

Sheraton already had 23.75 
percent of Rickworth from its 
purchase of the Caversham 
Bridge Group in June this 
year. . 

Rickworth 's sole asset is the 
option to buy 104 acres ofland 
dose tq.the_,M4 motorway, 
near Reading, Berkshire. 

The site adjoins the pro- 
posed Axiom 4 Reading Busi- 
ness Park, a high-tech and 
industrial buildings develop- 
ment. Sheraton says it will 
develop its land with the 
adjoining owners. 


Midland Bank lifts 
forecasting gloom 

The run of summer economic fore- 
casts has become p r og re ssi vely 
gloomy, though the CBI is not quite in 
the National Institute’s class. It 
therefore came almost more as a 
shock, than a relief when the Midland 
Bank put out a positively rosy set of 
projections over the weekend. 

The Midland’s economic adviser, 
Andrew Bain, forecasts a resurgence 
of growth to 3.2 per cent in 1987 from 
the generally expected 2 per cent this 
year. Growth will continue at 3 per 
centin 1988 and only tail off modestly 
to 2.4 per cent in 1989. 

Moreover, the Midland projects ' 
accelerating growth in productive 
investment from 2.3 percent ibis year 
to 4 per cent next and, after a slight 
lull, 5 per cent in 1989. Inflation, on 
the other hand, is projected to slow to 
2.8 per cent in 1987 and 22 per cent 
by 1 989 on present policies. 

To complete this decidedly sunnier 
view, the current balance of pay- 
ments, expected by other forecasters 
to plunge rapidly and progressively 
into the red, is seen in surplus next 
year and balance in 1988, recording a 
deficit only in 1989. 

So why has Professor Bain so 
stoutly resisted present fashionable 
gloom? The key is productivity and 
competitiveness. He does not believe 
that the global official figures offer a 
true picture of what is happening. 
They show virtually nil productivity 
growth in manufacturing and 1 per 

cent overalL allied to rapid rises in 
unit labour costs. 

Either output is • being 
undercounted — there was a big 
difference earlier this year between the 
expenditure and output measures of 
gross domestic product — or unit 
wages costs are not rising as fast as the 
earnings figures suggest. 

If they were. Professor Bain rea- 
sons, industry would be moaning 
much more than it actually is. In the 
latest Institute of Directors survey, for 
instance, respondents were gloomy 
about the economy but cheerful about 
their own companies. Perhaps mar- 
ginal cheap labour is not getting into 
the figures or changes in the structure 
of labour forces are not being fully 
allowed for. 

Productivity rises of 2 per cent 
overall (3.5 to 4 per cent in manufac- 
turing) would be no more than an 
ordinary rate in the years before 1973, 
when technical progress was not so 
rapid as today. If output is higher or 
cost rises less than official figures 
show, then many of the Midland's 
more optimistic forecasts fall into 
place. Industry will be keener to invest 
liquidity. The trade balance will be 
better (after the fall in sterling against 
the marie), allowing faster interest rate 
cuts and a continuation of low 
inflation. The pressure to raise wage 
rates will also be lower. 

Let us hope Professor Bain is right. 

The other sterling rate 

The pound’s downward adjustment 
against the mark is not a particularly 
attractive sight but, following the 
Bundesbank’s firm “nem” to lower 
interest rates last week, hardly a 
surprising one. Yesterday it lurched to 
within 1.5 pfennigs of foe three mark 
level and docked up another new 
closing low. 

The sharp fall against foe marie — a 
little over a year ago sterling was 
above DM4 — has, for once, made the 
Treasury thankful that foe man in foe 
street, reputedly, only takes notice of 
foe pound/dollar rate. But it has also 
raised foe question of whether the 
pound has now dropped too far? 

On this question, economists are 
not as helpful as they might be. The 
traditional method of calculating long 
term equilibria for exchange rates is 
that of purchasing power parity. The 
relative inflation rates of two coun- 
tries determine foe . “correct” ex- 
change rate. 

According to calculations by foe 
American Express Bank, and taking 
1980 as a base year, foe pound’s 
purchasing power parity against foe 
mark is DM2.65, slightly more than 
10 per cent below present levels. But 

Goldman Sachs in London, while 
stressing that purchasing power parity 
is of extremely limited value in 
currency forecasting, comes up with 
very different results on this basis. 

On its assessment, foe correct value 
for the pound/maric exchange rate is 
DM3.84 and Britain's manufacturers 
should be seeing foe Germans off in 
international markets. The Goldman 
Sachs figure is derived from actual 
price data in various countries, col- 
lected by foe Organization for Eco- 
nomic Co-operation and 
Development in 1980, and updated. 

The “right” exchange rate is that 
which produces external equilibrium. 
Calculations which attempt to assess 
what this is, just produced by Cur- 
rency Research Ltd in London, sug- 
gest a fundamental value of around 
DM3.07 for foe steriing/mark rate. 
Given that something special is 
needed from manufacturing to make 
up the oil shortfall, Michael Nisbet, 
Currency Research’s director, argues 
that there is a case for letting the 
pound run down to well below its 
equilibrium level. Certainly, psycho- 
logical* barrier or not, a fall in foe 
pound below three marks might not 
be a cause of unmixed regret. 

Hof* Bank 











ABM Lyres 













































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Period, rales .showed little 
change apart from a 
easing at the long end to 
the new tost base rate hopes 
persist for the aot too distant 
future . Toraorer was light all 
roeod the market The over- 
night rate stayed quite expen- 
sive on a shortage that was not 
fafly relieved. Local authori- 
ties still shewed fittie interest 
as borrowers. 

j* _ 

Clearing Banfc^lO 

finance Howe 10 


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6 rente 500545 12re*i 500605 


7 days 5»»6* 

7 days 4K4K 

3 rente 4*451 

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7 (My* 7»w.7'n 
3 rente 7*7* 


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<30033912539225 ■ 



fixed Rata Sterling Export FHieneo 

Scheme iv Average reference me lor 

interest period July 7. 1986 to 
August 5, 1986 tadunw; 10009 per 

This little 
piggyfe going 

to market 

Datft be the one who stays at home. 

Ihe TSB was nevet m fact, a piggy bank. 

But once upon a time it was a clergyman's three- 
lock strong-box. In Dumfriesshire in 1810. 

Since then, ife grown into a major banking and 
financial services group with neatiy 1600 branches all 
over Great Britain. (A little cjf the group's anatomy is 
outlined above.) 

TSB shares are now being offered for sale to the 
public. The proceeds will help the TSB CXoup to 
strengthen and deretop its services sfifl farther. 

We hope you'll consider the offer most carefully. 

Your minimum investment win be about £400 
(unless you're a TSB bank customer who’s registered' 
priedty). Tour investment will be payable in two 
instalments: about half now and the balance in about 
\9. rn Dpthfi * time. 

Be sure to have your money ready because you'll 
only have 10 days to apply: from September 15th until 
not one second later than 10am an September 24th. 

Tb reserve a prospectus and application form 

(without obligation, of course) send in the 

Tb: ISB Group Shore Infomiation Office. 
PO Box 330, Bristol BS99 TIT 

mftnnaiion about tee TSB Group! 

as soon 


Now it% your turn to say yes. 

Isaac! by Lasaid&oihaa & q^, limited, tough the TSB Groi^ Stare IpiamanMOaaimbtteHTfrfteftThmi^s 

_ 20 


Bd OMr cmj Yttf 

ao. hokmwk ns. Bomaontt EMB 8AL 
03+S 717372 (UnMN) 

Amancan Orowti 
Asms A Earns 
captai hbmtw 
O otnm A Bwtoy 
E uropron CapUl 


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0793 G 1 0386 A 07*3 282*1 

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C+crol Tram 

Accra Ttun 
AmencBii Incoma 
Hgn Kara ts 

EixjHy Incano 
Gats Son Trust 

Japan Fund 
Pacific Trow 
Anar Spd sss 

Anar Sod 3M 87.4 TIP +0.0 06 

Sacs Of Mtmr Tat 2IB 0 2342 +1* 0*0 

AM Asset Vduo 2266 3*0* +37 320 

Girt Growth 363 33.® -0.1 2*3 

SoaferCo'l 1162 12669 +6B 2.70 

2nd Smaaar Go's 1532 1613a +14 2.43 

Htt mt n Trust 82.0 B7 J XJ9 2.14 

Ust MM A Cmrty B2J) 873 +14 £27 

Cross Earwigs 1803 1*73 +4* 301 

Tathnofcw Tst 90.3 902 +17 094 

MeansEufflfM UBS 133.7 +20 807 

EnratanaaorCO'S 231.3 2432 +02 234 

USA Extract Trust 347 0 367*0 +23 1.11 

Anunwor secumres 

131. finaBury PMnMM. London EC2A 1AY 
01-628 9876 01-290 864071/2/3 
Capital Growth Me 565 025 .. 188 

Da ACCum 614 0&9 +0.1 108 

Eamrn s rmt i*2.i isi*c -4.4 a/a 

Boat W r brtl M) 762 01.4c -63 0.7® 

FManea A Prop«ny esi- mac +o A an 

Gat a (Run ineatna 460 51. 1® -0.1 015 

Da Accra Bu bg.9® -o.i 

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Do Accra 1764 1B&8® + 1 jB 400 

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Do Aocuoi IKS MB4C +1S 7.49 

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Do 5% WIMlna 74 4 79.5 +0 D 211 

Uanogad FirC 650 665 +1.7 . . 

Preferere# Mcoma 29.7 31.7 . . 903 

Do Actum 958 1024 -03 9 80 

Smsnar Co's Acorn 1305 1383 +2 4 i 68 

worM Penny Snare 97 108a +0 1 0.71 

Pnntoao Tst uk 764 ai2a +02 187 

Ponfcwo Tst Jmun 1055 1098® -+4 000 

Pot Jt4u TM LG 72.1 74.70 +18 1*8 

Portto+o Tst Erapo 1221 1285* +2* OOO 

Portfoao Tst UK 438 449* +0.1 0.10 


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031-225 2581 (Oaajare031-£28 80861 

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Pam Pans N 
Psm Pans UK 
BG Amanca 
BG Enargy 
BG Income Gnat# 
BG Japan 
BG TacMubgy 

4431 4628a 
4478 4878 
2365 2517 
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1990 2098 
1751 1883c 
1469 1565 
1920 2012c 
2023 2113 
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AUMSMn >68 >6 >e +07 3 12 

Jatra A General 1168 1250* -0.4 0.17 

won means 463 465c +89 692 

ramasongl Trust 805 88.1® +08 1*4 

tncoma Qrowti Tn 466 49JM +1.1 £91 

Q+ta A Ftart H 704 21.9 . . 679 

doom Mmfceo 330 367 +09 208 

Spoor* snuaaoni 362 *20 +07 158 

Urtcom KtXiM. 252 Romtant Rd E7 
01434 5644 

America 862 938 +1.7 135 

Alai Accra 1260 1340 +26 15 

Do tncoma 86* 95.1 +20 1 50 

Capital 894 736* +12 603 

Exempt Trust 4301 4575 +55 195 

Extra tncoma 750 80.4 + 1.1 448 

Fnmfe* 2X15 3464 +64 3.04 

SOD 2G5S 3B26B +61 111 

GanenK IKS 1467 +25 110 

Gtt A Fnad Inc S42 57.0* .. 961 

Japan A Gan Inc 1745 1860 -61 006 

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Spsom StcusKms 1428 151.7c +26 279 

Racovaty 1*27 2043 +22 £41 

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B'Tai aw Find acc 3286 3474 +53 136 

G* A Fnad Inc 547 57.0* 

Japan A Gan Inc 1745 I860 

DO Ace 1765 1681 

Grown Aran 1*1.7 1S37 

income Tnm 33*5 3S5 Ba 

Lnsm Trust 79 7 84.7 

Spoo® Sauaaona 1428 151.7c 

Raemwy 1*27 204* 

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01-658 9002 

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Equity mcom* 588 61 0 ■ 

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down A Me 815 687* ■ 

Japan Special 1086 1155c 

Japan Sunraa 90 9 972 

Fry Eiaopa 1158 1226 

Fk*i japan 89* 96.0 

Pest N Amor 51.4 5*5« 

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10. Fandwrdi St Ltmoon ECS 
01-623 8000 

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DoAccun 1195 1360 *1.8 131 

General Inc 1562 1882 +15 258 

DoAccun 2158 2293 +20 Z96 

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Do Actum 1835 18956 -15 938 

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Do AHl*n 174.7 1855 +23 5A9 

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Do Aeoan 2557 2691 -6* 072 

N American roe *98 561 +04 ass 

DoAccun 580 615 +05 038 

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, Oa Aeoan 1525 >664 -03 025 

So*# Cairns HO 4 856 +63 1.78 

Do Aeoan 9SJ 101.4 +03 1.70 


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1155 1226c -28 97* 

94 6 10056 *14 433 
1968 21036 +13 +31 
1562 1685 +35 1 47 

<69 535 +05 250 

1062 1133 +25 213 

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743 795c +1-4 249 
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1383 14756 +33 257 
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1*20 1533 +44 148 

37 I 614 *14 065 

1967 2094 *45 327 

667 694 +03 252 

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Smtfar On's ACC 2326 SO-t +44 .. 

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Da acc 1033 11046 +03 .. 

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Onen aA3 821 -LA 05! 


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01-588 2888 

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DO Aeoan s 1760 1868 +63 433 

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Do Aeoan p) (1221 1296 +610 230 

125. Wflti Honom. Landai WC1V SPY 
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1. ^ngttWay. W m rU n y. HAfl ONB . 

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Income 3588 3474* +s3 3.77 

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2 Fore Snot London EC2Y 5AQ 
01488 1815 

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Aceunr 810 6781 

DapO« 1060 .. 950 


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EoUrt Hah torn* 429 45.7c +1.1 *30 

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General Eauby 391 41.66 +07 260 

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GHAnod-mc 251 267c -61950 

mdaa SacwlDM MS 268 . . 230 

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Droa Wxane 1644 17536 +25 515 

Energy Trust 470 5006 

Extra Wane 1644 17536 

Financial I860 1767# 

GO Strategy 865 585 

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RMStB. Surrey RH2 8BL 
0732 4243+ 

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UK Growm Accum M3 S3* +14 2*3 

Do DM 503 534 +14 2*3 

Etraxwi Growm 556 595 +06 1*3 

Padne Growth 56+ 668 +0.1 . - 

4. Monro# Cra#c#nL Edntaagh 
031-226 3(92 

Ai n u re a n Fund 750 862 *i.a 212* 
Canal Fima vsa 1027 *14 14 a 

Growth'S me F<md 1242 137 16 +1.6 436 
High Dor Fund 1090 1164 +15 57* 

M un a d ona i Fund 2003 21*3 +14 145 

RosOuxas Find 22.6 24.1 +03 041 

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(Ed Amar IB 1504 1553 +61 353 

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Faf Eastern Acoxn I0+.4 1114 -06 000 

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Tst Ot m Trusts 625 6656 +15 150 

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mam law 

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2412 2867 -63 012 

2815 0626 +29 148 

£168 ZSOJ +34 1.76 

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Domecra 2004 2121 +22 45 

GMs/FfeoH Accum 1015 107.7c -02 25 

Do mom 874 vsjc -03 24 

Nft Amar TN Actual 1365 1444 +14 05 

Far EM Tin Accum 1625 1722 -13 03 

gSi-tiT 1 Sttasu 

01-623 4880 

US Sadr Off! . 762 763 +14 02 

CWM Fund 1068 1162 +14 03 

tncoma Fund *14 829 +15 45 

Fat Eastern AM 774 824 +05 0.3 

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01-636 5866 

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JapBl Exarrert £4232 4385c .. 0*5 

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Do Accun 1*14 1515 +23 £80 

mama Fund 7*8 BS4c -Oil 600 

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Teen A Grown 636 88 1 +0.1 150 

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Far Eaarom Trust 1563 1884 +45 060 

Farad rnmaat Fund asa 285 +0.1 959 

30 TruM 275 283 -82 826 

Slaw Fund Acam 1BI5 1935 +2.7 ait 

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3dU Enure HW 12.7 13.7 *03 251 

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meoma Fund 761 803® +10 522 

mswmec Agmdes 64751 5670 +022 259 

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0( aEnergy ThJM 335 352 +15 175 

Bo+oxl Sha Tran 9* 8 1015c +14 077 
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mncrwsnr Hare 77. London WH Londen SSN 

01-588 5520 

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46 Gracechurch SL BS3P 3HH 

01-623 4200 Ext 268 

NPI UK 2023 2153 +25 2*0 

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Bd turn cm YW 

*3287 3475 -*45 490 

6075 6464c *60 070 
741.1 78660 +60 0.70 
821 985® -13 £10 

Old 843 +14 130 

564 GO* +07 0*0 

944 365c +14 140 


PO B ox L N qrwtn NR1 3NG 
qqQjj Q223DQ 

Group That 0213 12*3 +0.18 S30 

IngTrgW 1367 U15 +24 1J3 

88, canrron .Street Londen EC4N BAG 
oaidnpa 01-238 SBO/B/T/t/W 
MarnarienN Growrii 1471 1674 *4* 159 

meow A Growm 005 Ki ... a« 

wriproi B® 
Amancan Growrii 
japw ftowrii 
Ernnan Growm 
UK Grown 
Paerte drown 
H0i meoma 

147 1 1674 44* 159 

005 K1 ... 956 

885 BE* +1.1 166 

5L0 353C +04 0*0 
(63 875 -15 MO 

723 774® +62 0*7 
S45 SftS +05 1.15 

644 967 -15 1J» 

313 368 +03 757 

663 905 +1.1 £14 

+061 1085 +25 £M 

ZK^HX^rSbarn. WC1V 7g8 

^SSf" 6 £Si£5 

E rari Rmd 1232 131.1 

Eont be 1272 H6* 

ItoTtSm 1373 M60 

IM lira be «3«M 

+12 2*8 
+1* 2*5 
+2* 3*1 
+15 123 
+15 128 
+27 2-78 

haway on norm 

278.1 2963 
IS 24 238.1 
1E3.1 1643 

706 737 
81.1 87.1 

707 SZ4 

8U 674 

+1* £74 
+24 450 
+1* 13* 
+62 071 

+02 as 

-05 £80 
+68 141 

1185 IS74 +65 075 . 

S A 661# +65 4-1! 

3 104*® +69 458 

1824 1X5 -69 MO 

1323 T4£9 +2-1 0*0 

09* 752a +05 157 

111* iaa< +09 0*0 

8B4 96.1 +6* 450 

31+86 mere ml 8km enw. »i 2DL 
01-478 3377 

HeRwm Cram 
KOboni HM| me 
Habra kro 

104.0 1105 
S68 57.0® 
003 7£5a 
1D£3 1068® 
102* 1094® 
768 81 JT 
065 667 

+11.1 S18 
+0* 054 
+07 0.B6 
+65 6E6 
+0* 050 
-07 005 
+64 0*4 
+1.1 £0« 
+61 £» | 
-05 £45 

HUPom SMC 9i H9 BU +1-1 £0« 

Horinnt uttGrnwft 8£5 873® +2.1 212 
hoexxn GM That 1915 1992 -05 £45 | 

31-45 Graonm SL Lunoon ecsv 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Quadrant Barwat 4422 4703 +62 278 

Quadrant meoma E»i* 257.1 +6.1 612- 

Ouadrwit mu Fd 4805 421* +124 IX 

SmSm Recovery 26E5 2766 425 249 

St 9wkhmx Lane. London EC4P 40U 
0T280 5456 

+65 1C4 
+68 15* 
+1.1 4*5 
+12 4.X 
+15 IX 
*15 IX 
-61 225 
♦45 £25 
-02 742 
-61 742 
-04 433 
+66 433 
+13 £88 
+22 603 
-0* 600 
-0* MO 
+15 256 
+£T £58 
+15 £75 
+23 £75 

01480 5436 

NC America Inc 2863 3067® . +34 151 
Do Accra 3135 3333® +33 151 
KC Energy Rat 1916 140* -02 24S 

NC Incraa 963 94* +15 £11 

NC Japan 1913 2035 -08 051 

NC SmW* COS 139* 14B5c -1 0 £04 

NC Sn®r EUop Cd'a 1968 2D2* +07 040 

NC Exampl St £1295 134* .. 852 

NC Amar Prep 511-57 1118 .. .. 

NC property 1503 1862 .. .. 


33 Kbg WMra Street Lendon BC4H DAS 
01-638 5878 

AMBkrn m Z38* 3<£5 +05 1*0 

SkuWm m 687* 702.0® -29.0 259 

Hgn YttM PR 1760 1793 +60 636 

IMn » 4215 429*® +17* 174 

Fuad mures 1715 1725 - 1.0 240 

■Narv Hat Place. Lnarpad LB9 3 ms 
051-227 4*22 

EqJty That 627 667 +14 255 

HI That 744 79.1® +07 132 

Gb Trust 268 262 .. 616 

US ThMt 331 3SSc +04 IX 

Paerte Baam TN 435 4A5 -62 029 

20 CMlan Sl Umdon EC2 
01 420 0311 

Equey am 1167 1*42 +07 f*i 

bo Accra 1B4.1 1745 +15 151 

Hkm Mtnac ThriH 905 967 + 1.1 *39 

Do Accra 107.0 1134 +15 439 

US Grown 584 622 +15 0*4 

GO Aeoan 895 834 +1* 69* 

Rmn Londiai House. Ce t ch eaw i COl IRA 

DO Accra 
US Growrii 
Go reman 

American Grown 
Capital Accra 
Ot beam 
H 0 i m eo ma 
tncoma A Growth 
Japan Oohi 

905 974® +15 076 
1823 I960 +65 £13 

564 994 .. BX , 

81.0 862® +68 454 , 
101.7 1062® +£t £18 
SS5 968 -45 £04 I 

1X3 1184 +24 IX 


26 UUaswm Rd. Romford RM1 SLB 
00-7S. Quawi Sl Edkibutfi EH2 4MX 
(RooMreg 010666986 Or (EdkO B3I-2Z5 7351 
Amor Inc A Grown 705 7£8 +05 685 

CapM Untta 1043 111* +14 £00 

Craunorilty 461 S14C +14 121 

Erwgy hda 465 *9? +22 358 

Erapotn Grown 1165 1235 +05 047 

Cxawpl be BW 817 M.I® +15 522 , 

DetaB M| 822 665 +0* 220 : 

Exploration 414 *<3 +14 600 

floandnl Sacs 1013 M83 +14 IX 

GM 8 B He 545 574 . . 1675 

Hsgta Robm Untta 1843 197.1 +68 4*t 

Hgn YHd Haiti 167.9 1795 +35 £99 

beano Urtts 914 962® +14 674 

Mwwtmem Traw X3 955 +64 256 

MramttHnxf 1213 129* +0.6 £12 

JWp®} Growrii 1014 MB* -24 .. 

Japan Smaaar on fZLl 1314 -24 . . 

Mnw t fu xl 29* 314 +61 257 

New TaUmakny 83.1 «5 +2* . . 

SEAM Growm 1005 1074 -66 278 

Scattrib 1324 1415® +27 277 

S co rNwroi 1561 1637 +14 674 

UcaryWOt 1517 1822c -OB 454 

9Naa ireraaaaial X* 1 B 22 +392 «.&& 

Smaler Go's be 1805 1714 +0* «2& 

.'iraoH Sttnatbro 923 993 +14 IX 

UXEquay 179* 19£*® +05 £86 

US Grown 74.1 792 +12 15B 

UnwaraN Growrii 913 074 +13 IX 

Haw Technology 
sE Asm Grown 
fl cc nha a i 
SMact Hsnaan 
Smaler Go's be 
UX Etprty 
us Grown 
IHia nH Growrii 


OH® Chng Yld 


Ehttripriw 'Hw* tww<11 
0705 BZ7733 
Americ a n mo 
Do Accra 
Avnalan be 
Da Accum 
Dn Accra 
Do Accra 
GoM Fund be 
Do Accra 
y nf+WF ® 

Do Accra 
tnd bcoaaa 
Do Accra 
jap Soar Cc/s Ac 
eraroore A Mwy 
' Do Accun 
Sranr Co 1 * he 
Do Accra 

Do Accra 
Tokyo Fund me 
Do Accra 
(H SnWMr CBTl Ae 

Pw rou l C naiRy 
Gxfra I ne ama 
FwEroton Accra 
Com me „ 
oraaaa So* Go 

01-0X3 5778/8711 

W re-wu ae 212 XT® +4-1 612 

£$£ at 441 5.IE 

Pkan as'g 30* +64 1.00 

niTS:” M2 me +04 150 

GMari Gm be 395 315 <A] TX 

2S7 31* +61 IX 

uEtmgS QMrtpl m 2 128.4 +27 iSa 

9COTTBHEQUrfira 5 
26 Si Andrews Sq. ECMtatfi 
031X8 9101 

« D r^r’ S32SS +24 ts 

an an aan 

UK «=T*¥ 1864 1994 +£5 ITS 

+1.T 453 
+24 £03 

MU 1994 +45 1.76 

1515 1624 +25 1-S 

100.5 203* -1.9 0.05 

Ot* 2*67 +33 064 


106 Vbera SL Gbsgm G2 5HN 
MI-218 8100 

UKEarty 172.1 1661 

Gat SRMd 1187 1285 

g|S co ■ sB, ssss; 

29. OwrtXb Bq. EdUfur^i 
031-228 4372 

Pacdb 685 735 

Hand Growrii 38* 

N Amancan 345 37* 

mom Fond *63 «5® 

Eunpoan 4SJ 48* 

N Amar be SB* X5 

UK anwril 313 337 

Em km 382 345e 


PO Box 90£- EdOOugh EH16 SBU 

031-855 eon 

Pag Es me 2365 251.7 

Do Accum 272* 2685 

+45 ax 
.. 8X 
+15 £34 
+27 OX 
+61 IX 
-63 OX 

-24 OX 
+64 1*3 
+63 £16 
+0* 4*8 
+07 OX 
+03 2*4 
+67 1.55 

+65 523 

+65 242 
+02 252 

' 30. Ctty Road. London ECIY 2AY 

oi -toe aoii 

aw Tech A Gan 1067 T 1 1.0c 
Paciac iw.i sms 

Sac meoma Fnd 171.7 1837® 
SDacM Situations 206* 2212 

taw arawi 02 * 862 ® 

tunancan Makn -.725 77* 
8maC CPh 402 460c 

J rear Tech A Gen 11*5 122* 
mS wH era bcama S7* 61.0® 
Exanpt 5432 5813 

UN Ganaral 35* 3R3 

Era Growm 38* 40* 

Emu Income 457 468® 

+62 OX 
-27 OX 
+65 £16 
+40 IX 
-67 OX 
+1.8 0*1 
+68 1.B7 
-14 OX 
+63 5*3 
+74 225 
+65 1*1 
+17 0*2 
+24 £00 

mcama Una 
Do Accra IMt* 


£ Gauge Sl Ertnbngh EH2 2XZ 

868 274 
30* 304 


*5. ChnrtuttB Sq. I 
03 1-226 3271 
A m anc a n ftbd 
Do Accra 
Dp withdrew® 
Araraian Fund 
Dp Accra 
Bnaan Fund 
Op Accra 
Etmpaan FUnd 
X Accra 
Japan Fund 
- Do Accra 

229* 2444 
2574 274* 
1005 1714 
101* 1063 
1033 1107 
SBOA 638.1c 
8134 887.7c 
3l£1 33*5 
3367 352.0 
3457 3681 
3409 3700 
1665 1763 

+25 £30 
+£3~ 230 
+14 £30 
+14 IX 
+14 IX 
-114 4*3 
-54 £38 
+21 080 
+2.7 OX 
-6* 070 
-04 070 
-14 .. 


San AJbnoe NM, Hir N WM . Sunn 
0403 66293 

Etyutty Trent Ax 3874 4227 +108 2*0 

N Am ThMt Acc 614 85.7 +! 8 1.13 

Far Eatl Treat Ax X7 B£9 -6B 0.45 

WorfcMda Band 50.7 S3* +64 0*4 


Kaans Haaaa. Andow. Hants, SP10 IPG 
0»4 587B9 DeHiSK 0264 63*32/3/4 

Amencm me 
Do Accra 
Extra Ineama me 
Do Accra 
GanarN Unit me 
, On Accra 

6® a fm me 
Da Accra 
Do Accra 
*W me 

Do rerun 

Sebetad Oppa be 

• Oo Accra 

1185 1264* +25 171 
IX* 132.8® +61 171 
115* 1227® +1* 5*5 
1361 147 0® +1* 5*5 
1815 1717® +4* 2*1 
285.1 2821* +7.1 £81 
507 52*® -61 630 
06* OR*® -61 8*0 
2164 2324 +4.7 4*8 

3467 382* 
ITftl 1815 
175* 1807 
3365 3Wts 
4157 442* 

+4.7 4*8 
+7* £28 
-1.1 £17 
-11 £17 
+£6 1.14 
+46 1.14 

6*7 8£1c +14 IX 
71.1 75.7c +1.1 IX 
45* 445 +1* £63 

485 40* +15 252 

TbjMHPBH, QaHh c ua a Rd, Aytaahury Bucks 

Amar EagM 75.8 eaj +1* 059 

Ausntan 165 175 +6* 610 

Gramodly 665 767 *02 122 

Enrirgy 301 3£1® +61 2*2 

B|dv ton? 134* +3* SjB 

Srapaxh Spec Stta 109.0 ns* + 0 * 151 

Extra beano 1117 1217® +64 6.03 

FmaneN 277* Z95*c +64 IX 

G» Income 105.6 1107® -£4 7*2 

GW krone 57* 614 +25 0*1 


wond meo ma 

Equity E* ffl 

BM (Mr C&ng vu 

Do Acera iX5 1U5 +35 0*1 

wSn . «U 87.7a +o* 4,70 

^2r 1065 1165® -0*010 

uSa* A ^rew— 237 254 +t* 1 J4 

•Sl* 978 104-3® -62 in 

oJl Reinrat U05 I2U® -61 HE 

Prat snare Fd t?B 1A»® +01975 

I dc B miJ i 71 A TDM +1.7 144 

X* 89*® +16 0*1 
Ssw 460 487 +68 an 

VMMkSra# su oil +14 672 

WM0wk» CttpM MB* 1X7® +32 143 

eSnS »* 86* +69 sci 

To Accra (H 014 161-7 +l? 2*8 


Pare houbo 18 Ftaetwry Oroa London S3U 


01-038 £761 

Far Earn A Gx SAS 60.5 -61 053 

moat Gan 544 ST* -63 087 

HriTrext A Gx 5LI 545 +68 073 

EtfKTM* 302 56* -67 OSS 

tS »* 3£l +67 OX 

ufAflon 47* 48* +27 2*2 

£ Lxddn K3A I8P 

SeNH CO’I 852 OBJ +1.1 0*1 


llamri Houaa. £ PUdd® 


01-3*8 1260 

Amartam Growth *19 

GanarM flrawfl E* 

GtabN Txh . H9 

mcran Qrawrii 81-J 


Japan Gwrt 664 

uan EqiMy aw 2S3 

Do Accra 232 

Oxana Growrii 504 

Straw o» go 

SpacHOpp* 750 


Dock, London EC4V 

4*0® +63 ax 

SA*® +03 130 

474 +ij an 

864® *13 428 

514® +6* £19 

597 -07 £19 

3£B +05 2*8 

2£8 *66 £30 

5£0 +&2 t»i 

67.1 +65 IX - 

767* +04 140 

937 £4 
5*2 XI 
3204 341 2® 

6745 011-0® 
292* 3114® 
872* 7160® 
172* 184*0 
185J 1808 c 
&£7 503® 
802 915® 
1206 129.7 
1454 1505 
1101 1134c 
179-0 1845c 
545 57* 
1108 1X5 
238* 253*a 
7302 784-0 C 
162.1 1724 

( Horna. Caafla SL SaBaouhr 8P1 36H 

UKEmMy 118* 1204® +1* .. 

mttnril 108* 1764® -47 .. 

NMT J20.I 1274® +3* .. 


grs»S*»ii- *0 w «- 

Orowrii be 
Do Accra 
HH1 YWd 
Do Accun 
Spnort Sns 
Do Accum 
Do Accra 
Amar 6 Gan 
Do Accra 

Maxtor PoTOedo 

AtMn Bdhi ANa i 
D o Accra 
Far East S Gan I 
Do Accra 

-04 227 
+61 247 
•34 £94 
+35 £94 
+64 £15 
+04 Z1S 
+23 330 
+22 3*0 
+1* 157 
+1* IX 
+681 213 
+662 £13 
+65 IX 
+0* IX 
-0* 074 
-03 071 

warday Home. 7. DswmaNra Bq. L 
01-029 1532 

American TYuat 
Far era 0 Gan 
HI Growrii 
bcama ThMt 
japan Growrii 
Sara Oompanba 

88* 761 
111* 1161® 
760 608 
85 5 91.7 
1344 1444 
1166 1160 
34* 374 
39* 420 


22* 2£2 1 

UK TruM 135.1 1423 +61 2S3 

Banpeen Growrii SB.7 CS +15 030 

Hong Kong 22* 2*4 - -1.1 IX 


xs&sr ik ss ^.7 ox 

CWMrtsiBM 08) 562 622 +14 0*7 

QtHa Man Aid 8102* I057®+103.6 7.00 

2 Haney Lx EC2 8BT 
01-806 WOSlB 

SM DM Gb Fund 67.9 69.0 • - £00 

US Govt BOM Fd *514 SI* +61 . . 


WHOttar Horna, 83. Kbgaway. London WC2B 

01-405 8331 

Com A EqoRy S£l +67 7*0 

MCXM 534 SAB® +04 5.16 

Oowrii 61-7 501 e +69 247 

The prices in this 
section' refer to 
j Friday’s trading 

'• Ex dMdond e Cun UMdsnd. k Cura 
stuck sprit, a Ex stock Sprit, re Cum nft 
(any two or more ot above), a Ex 88 (any 
two or more of abovo). During or 
valuation days; (t) Monday, f 2) Tuesday. 
(3) Wecbiostny. (4) Thursday. (5) Friday. 
(Z0| 2Stfi of month. <Z»J 2nd 77roredBy of 
month- (22) 1st and 3rd Wednesday ' Of 
month. (23) 20th of month. (24) 3rd 
Tuesday of montti- (25) 1st and 3rd 
Thurstlayof manttL (261 4m Tuwday of 
montti. (27) iMVVMwMuyof month. (28) 
Last Tlwnay ol momh. (2^ 3rd working 
day of monthf (30) Ifltti of month. (31) 1st 
working day of month. (32) 20th of month. 
(33) 1st day of FsOruwy. May. August 
November. (34) Last wortang day of 
month. (35)15tr of month. (36) 14th of 
month. (37) 21st of month. (38) 3rd 

(33) 1st day of February. May. August 
November. (34) Last wortang day of 
month. (35) 15th of month. (36) 14th of 
month. (37) 21st of month. (38) 3rd 
Wednesday of month. (39) 2nd 
Weeknsday ot montti. (40) Vatued 
monthly. (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
Eweftange account (42) Last day of 
montti. 43) 2nd and 4th Wettaesday.of 
month. 44) Quartoriy. (45) em ot month. 
(46) 2nd Tuesday at month. 


t«9« LOW Coropany 

Price Ch'ge 1 

. ISM 

High Lrav Company 

<*v YM 

Pnea Oja pact % P/E 


Hffi Low CBMpany 

Or YfcJ 

Rios Chga pence % P/E 


Hwh Low Company 



• -•j 


5 7 15 0 



AT4 swocaon 












N*mw Sm Hsa 

Acorn Cairo 


A» C++ 



i 2 P2 





• .. 


3.4 152 



firagia Swan 
















Am mriayat+ici 





• .. 





02 T 4 






14 3 



Assoc Energy 3+ 

A 50 IM 

Anns Ecuarmant 123 

Airtontaa; 95 

BBO Cnqr 59 

BPP 200 

BTS Grp 83 

Brsjtcu tWi*xml 85 

Urawn & Founlan X 

Swoons Crnin *2 

D w+ n A Hay 15 

Bmukr E«II 30 

.. BA 
11 4 80 8 2 
70 07 114 
8 8 91 14 1 

14 2 1163 

7 1 3 6 183 

57 69 98 

64 7 S 79 
£6 23 26Q 

.. ..II* 

. .. 259 

.. .. 4* 

73 JO FtMOier Dennys 70 

W 31 Flextadi 53 

206 100 Fbgas 1» 

60 38 Fkiyri 04 46 

88 85 Fere A Weston 85 

23) US France Cenn 1« 

1 03 65 Fwanca aa 10 a 

era 210 Furor sum -a- 338 

148 9* GootKCi 142 

150 93 Gm (Cad) M 

4 ? 37 Go+yroman *7 

83 72 Qocon Lyons 78 

l&S IDO Goes Maw 150 

17 11 Groan Houaa IS 

GO 32 Qctm Go 48 

188 BS Goi — i warren T 1 J 

12+ 88 Goorbead Pratt 117 

121 98 GouM tUurencej 101 

91 58 Granynr Sudaca 53 

129 118 Craw i Ernest) 128 

38 19 Graemocs CAM 0* 

115 81': Oreavano* Sc 98 

180 160 CuamMV AtUPW 170 

92 58 Hampoan Homecarl 72 

» Manon *8 

210 133 h area* 8 Tlicmp 2C5 

3S5 196 Hawaoch Eurcoa 233 

<6 28 Haaan care 43 

26 61 163 
.. .. 05 

256 .. . 

. . . . 109 

43 61 109 
7* 4*103 
£7 27 107 
11.7 £5 06 
£1 20 20.1 
67 3* .. 

£4 0* 113 

00 04 14.4 

01 £4 16* 

. . . . mo 

12 70 113 
31 £7 161 

43 37 166 

03 53 61 
3* 43 110 

£9 63 138 

8* B3 78 
3* 21 500 

21 29 11* 

IS 38148 
£1 D 10 25 5 
5J 24 21.4 
1.1 28 17 1 

nwn+ov gp 



13 253 


383’r Hsawtrea 



£7 17 7 


P-’ MoKlm 




Dc A LV 



32 IU 




nanooracn M 



3.4 11.4 




6 ++ 




Bind*o loirs 



•+W Ergonra" 



02 M4 







» 1 



£7 183 




ttokwn Uiojiuh 



07 100 


IS Ml 


Hp#roa Prcrecacn 


enoiro Soe 






31 102 




a> im»™i 












rurawen loch 


as 29* 

Bonn iCrurtal 







1* 104 

Bramft ltTOo+1 





214 16 

Biu Hxemm 

♦ ' J 



ma Scot Eroro 



. . iae 

CCA CjD+rws 





CML «+<ro 


mssrmxapa Taen 




36 102 


5'. CPS Comp 


24'i ttnm> (J«ri U 


• + ■1 


£8 104 

CPU Comp 25 


Caaxtonan Oil 1® 

CamoavOi 85 

Carmen Street kw 138 

Comal Tv 323 

C na ncary Sacs 106 

CnacAcoail Eurtsa 130 

CneKea Man 130 

Own Memods 8 

Ciwihaa W 238 

Crier 11 

Crlwreon 28 



C+yrokM 7*» 








Clfxrau Gnbi 

oSfOri nous 





Goama Ebcupom 



CaDn EmarSd 







COWrcm kvc 




Comp FwaflCH 








Cm Tran bva 43 

crai M c ro w a vri 250 

Cimeria 95 

CPU no 

Oranttttttjm 380 

CrarttnHL SO 

Cranswm 106 

Croton Lodge 80 

Crown M 58 

Coats 83 

ME Tad) 43 

DDT 178 

DJ Sac Alarms tOB 

Dataan JS 

Danes TOY) 198 

Dean & Bom 80 

D+ Breri (AiaWt 22 

DaHor 144 

De#nw M 

Oancora 137 

Denman* Elec 80 

Ommr*mrm JS 

Drama 20S 

Dreek 430 

1 Dunum 19 ‘j 

Ebcm 51 

EjUng Sad Odks 125 

Ecotmc 27 “j 

Ertn Furd 248 

Era See* » 

EkMdpa nope A 377 

O a u nm houm i*b 

D e Ltaun re DIB P 98 

Ennax 26 

Enwrorinpnmt Prod 10 

ir 1 is 

FKB Gp 230 

F » H Grow 160 

r.«att»cti 53 

Faroafiroo* SO 

Fraro (Mrs) IX 

29 4* 133 

38 26207 

<79 05 12? 

3 1 29 120 

31 2 a 2lj 

30 37* . 

52 22203 

.. a .. 1* 

1* £0 BS 

32 2* 233 

31 2*281 

. . . . 64 

1* I* 2£9 

5.7 £314* 

27 £9 112 
2* 23 163 

7.4 22 234 
£7ri 14 112 
76 72 82 
2* 15 16* 
00 103 11* 
1* 13 13* 

. . 268 

1.7 1* lifi 
£1 1* 8* 

1.4 1*106 
4* 2* 269 
3A 4*195 
04 !* 12* 

78 03 lb s 
£* a.T 18* 

64 08 Bl 

10.7a 1+3 01 

7 0 14 17* 

08 UtBI 

0* U15* 
2* 49 108 
£1 £5 21.7 

04 1*20* 

U 3* 14* 

a .. no 

90 £A 174 
4* 4* 111 

13 2* 14* 

14 140 4* 

7.1 54 11,1 

19 7.4 19 1 

13 41 W 



25 Pammogy 




10 302 





- . « 




Jctm+n £ Jag 



«S 107 



Jenmtoros Pans 


• -5 

01b 5* 1£2 



Juss Rubber 






l* 172 



Kanf fJSSttl) 




£6 19:4 



KxAyon 5+c* 


• -5 

64 1£0 


Korea Syrians 


• .. 


£3 109 






4* 7.8 





03 0* 



LemttM Tkormen 




£9 13* 


Laoura iro 


no 100 

91 73 

140 E5 
198 m 
62 17 

64 77 

255 l» 
160 101 
125 48 
90 54 

96 90 

176 92 
35 9 

116 101 
135 S3 
3C6 195 
220 133 
96 75 

19 B 

75 20 

148 MO 
390 350 
116 95 
US 71 
95 SR 
760 38 3 
220 118 
47 22 

163 82 
385 231 
193 16S 
220 130 
47 13 

15B 108 
124 az 
158 141 
50 2S 
23'; 15': 
US 83 
180 12* 
se zb 
31 9 

Umar 110 

Lodge' Cttre 82 

Lim&CiyiroHSa 11 B 

Loren Bed 196 

iMtndai Pit 32 

MB cam A Cany Bl 

MMT Comp 255 

UCLauCMO < Her 126 

Uagnaac Mnanaa 48 

E5nmat SO 

Moma Dm 95 

Moran iRcraag 163 

Moiram 18 

Maytar Cay 1C8 

Mayfwwa Foottai 1» 

Mnaaow Farm 302 

Meat Tacft 140 

Maaarware 90 

UvWy Con® 14 

Usamani HI Wos 20 

tariftnar-Swra U3 

Uanyaown Wme 365 

Mat* BUkra 11 s 

U n t i e 90 

Uoaotgonn) 75 

Mrcrom 640 

M ei o wa sa 1 JD 

Mrc wnac 38 

worn* Manx 173 

Uoairar mat 380 

MMw a rri Brown 173 

Hmi Worio 190 


Mourgata Gp 133 

Menu A Crana 124 

Monotype 1<i 

Monty (WO 48 

Atoms frMom) 21 

Meai LMns+g 75 

MuiNrin 180 

WJWComp 385 

New Q Nat Has 13 

Do Vents 4 

38 3*138 

£9 0* 17.1 
00 8* 10* 
ifl 13 17* 

66 2* 214 
10.0 7.8 7 4 

Hera* 145 

Abrora 60 

Nraon Heads tn 

NriiSoa&Gan X 

CHkafel msoae 35 

OCKmwmca 28 

Oafioraa S LttSa 273 


8J 01 

• +■£ 





2* as* 

e -2 


*0 223 


1 8 264 







.. £3 



230 1* 

• -3 




24 19* 

• -J 1 ! 





09 132 





£5 676 


«* 9* 




03 794 


£9 282 


£1 877 


42 10* 

.. 7 








£3 24.4 


.. 04 

4J 90 



24 15* 



00 105 



18* 34 

• 1 


.. 7.7 



1U .. 




• .. 


17 65 


3* 12.0 

+ 1 

.. 59 


03 02 

«■? , 

. ^ 


Oman AttroM 34 

PCT 113 

Pttt»r Sjrstarns 185 

Pa* SaSsa 0*1 

Pa n fta r w ro 158 

ParktaH Gp 485 

MMLM 60 

pawon 24 

Papa Group 158 

Parxxxn IX 

Partm U) 26 

PenonN Computer 106 
Pasari (Mcftaai) 141 

.BSCrm s 

P« Pat X 

£1 02 9* 

4* 4.1 12* 

43 73 7* 
03 04 1+4 
01 1.1 264 

.. a .. 284 
.. .. £3 

47 30 152 

330 24 64* 

1.7 8.1 6* 

4 3 40 11* 

3.7 £6 17* 























Prooartv T« lQj 



Da 8 p 


* *» 





• -5 




R*»o Oly 'A' 




Raoo CNOa 







• ■■ 


Hxmco 04 












RM r+ro Control 


• . 

2 i 



Ream Mow 






• -5 








Rod# 6 Nolan 




Sagm Pnaro 

Sapprn Pm 

IM 113 
140 X 
772 '1 180 
88 63 
M «2 
50 32 
180 IX 
4717 270 
90 65 

an 1+0 

75 43 
Stf 420 
135 93 
«* Bl 
IDO 45 
IX 88 
lH 75 
19 It 
53 88 
SB 43 
188 IX 
10 4>< 

27') 18>i 
+90 98 
« 48 
ZOO 151 
±10 MS 
98 85 
4 4 

158 118 
97 X 
87 a 
io«> go*] 
.27 19 

I 5ftPMwe* 
l'i Sara Dreg Strs 
l'i Stieum Jones 
!'i Snarara See 
I StranroM Conp 
i SWard 
I aqmox 
I Sans Caamng 

' ^ssss sr> 

ISSss MMat 1 



TMD AOrort 
Took Force 

Tay H om ai ix 

Tech For Bus 100 

Tam camp 315 

Trtaeoapumg 133 

TUSonr M 116 

Thrmtax 137 

Therm ackasrtc 291 

Ttmrpoe 83 

T«) (WSJ) 

ToamgraM 5+c 

Tinea Prornoo on 



Tyn* Tro» 'A' 
UM Croamtc 
UH Fironrty 
UW PaAarag 

Usher (Frartg 

MO *® 1 *" 

Yfiwna Kmt 
YTOw+r ENcto 

Want YartMrire 

WAaH Sytt 7'i 

WUam (rtax) mas 30 
mnm ASO 

VWB 72 

Wortastar 200 

WM 01 LNMtor 178 

WfU 65 

taSlyx 2004 

VMDWHMttftar 148 

Yrirt Mount 79 

wiEquay x 

Dot# SSsb 

ZWK Dyrwmtai 25 



















. _ 




• .. 

















• +0 




£1 1*20* 

3.1 3* 23.1 
. . £1 

43 13 101. 

07 4.1 1141 
£3 £7 108 

3* 3* 20*| 

5* TS4Z* 

2* £8 37.7 

06 7* 104 

t.1 £4 19.1 
4* 1*27.7 

2* 1*31* 
£8 12 09 

67 3* 17.9 

7* 8* 124 

£0 £0 134 

5.5 1214* 
09 09 11* 

1.7 £9 104 

42 £7 01 
.. ..02 
£B £8 161 
IB 02 01 
.. O .. £8 

40 *3 M.I 

£7 72 10.7 

80 11 27* 
25tt 2*234 
.. .. 592 

45 74 20* 

.. .. 307 

£1 1.1 210 
£3 2*22* 

2 * 1.7 7.4 

£4 £1204 

04 £0 .. 

£5 23 16* 
06 4.7 20* 

7.7 7.7 100 

4* 1*«£5 

£1 1* 12.7 

29 2* 37* 
14 1* ■■ 

3* 1*20* 
3* +2 124 

£1 9* 61 
£7 34202 
I* £5 273 

05 35 19.1 

7* 1*22* 

1* 22 US 

155 7* 6.1 
54 72 12* 
245 £5 .. 

U 41 U 
64 7* 92 
1* 38 104 

2.1 24 «5 

33 05 114 

04 2*10* 
7*0 0.0 11* 
2*B 67 101 
£9 1*21* 

.. .. *£l 

13 0* 161 

£5 05 648 . 

1.1 1*6*3 
7* £0 269 . 

36 30 192 i 

37 67 9* 

909 “ 34 

Am® Trail 
Ang Amar Sae 


Br emraa Sac 
Br Hr 
Conn 0 Ind 

Do Cap 
Orsymn Caro 
Drayton Far East 
□rayam Japan 
□wM Lon 
Earn Amar Aaaa 
Bocme Gen 
Engtah Ini 
EngBOi Sari 

F SC Atones 
F 6 C PbqOc 
firat cnarkme 
first Soot Amur 3X 

first Un Gan 88 
FNana Amancan 557 
fiemmg Cmr 174 
fiommg Emanroa aos 
FTOnwig Far East 126 
Flanring fiadaRng IX 
Ftamtng J5#n 737 
FTOrong J bcwTO 1B5 
n arrwip Qveraoaa IX 
Fiatwng Tech M9 
fiammq UMaanal IX 
For CW 101 

GaCCapttrt n 

GT Japan 218 

GarorM Funrtx 186 

Qenarai Coro X< 

QUJgpw Stock 144 

GHOS 124 

Oorotl AManto l<a 

GovM OrWnta 221 

dv YM 

Ch'ge pence % P/E 

• +1 05 61 22* 

■ +14>x31* 35 38* 

M+2 £4 0230* 

• +5 0* 22808 

.. 9.8 0*812 

+2 39b £1 474 

-2 12b 0* .. 

® .. 20 3.0 305 

.. £7 19 408 

+7 21.7 4* 28* 

+3 33 33 400 

.. 01.4 30 3£7 

+3 £5 02 .. 

. . I£B 03 10$ 

+1 14* £1 34* 

-1 1* 09 .. 

1.4+ 02 .. 
+1 son 49 su 

•2 09 £8 87* 

+4 47 2* 474 

• 44 04 1.7 61* 

A* 34 443 

+1 £0 22 55* 

+1 £0 £642* 

£6 £0 605 

£1 1*81* 

.. - 0 .1 72 .. 

• . . IS* 4* 314 

+13 £7 09 74 

.. 82 1*91* 

• +2 74 4* 335 

• +-1 12* £2 334 

■ +1 14 1.1 .. 

• +1 3* £8 525 

*3 5.7 £8 .. 

• +3'i 6* 03 425 

• +<1 39 24 030 

• +1 33 22 Ml 

+3 £9 £1 67 6 

• .. 24b 24 602 

I*. 2*« 09 V. 

• +3 29 1* SSJ9 

.. 179b 69 267 

+2 04 £4 SB* 

+1 02 £2 31* 

-1 40b Z J +05 

33 1* 98* 


1*9b Low Company 

fejlM riB 

GroMMOl House 

? CP) . 

feNMt m SacEsaa 
Hr Cm 
Aory 6 9aa 
Japan A Mini 
Weawrort Oiartar 
KWroron O WB 
Kta+MPR Smaaar 
Law Daoanura 
Lon Meroiant Sac 
Lon Trust 

Away boomt 
A+urray Idb 
A£ aray &mal 
Aturm Ventura 
New Court 
New Dartm Oa 


NHtfvog tne 83 
New ToKyo 
N» Attarmc Sae 

Rwer * Mere 



rtv YM 

Price Cti'pB part® % P/E 

+6 61 £0 71* 

24 £7 .. 
.. 6* 22339 

+3 64 34 412 

+4 164 4* 302 

• .. 02 1* .. 

• +1 6* 25 742 

6* &*169 
.. tn 02 .. 

+1 36 3* 438 


H0i Low Company 

dr YW 

Mn Ch'ge tea $ P/E 


• +2 9* 39X1 

+1 12 00 164 

■-1 1.1 12 438 

+1 61b 61 31.4 

+4 37 17 63* 

• .. 68b S2S0J 

+1 7.1 n £2 329 

• +2 69 12 .. 

+7 100b £6 642 

.. 21 J 01 ».1 

+1 09 1* 64* 

• +11*1 67 2*40* 

.. £8 71 17* 

+2 1.1 04 .. 

+4 45 14 99.7 

+2 0.7 23 349 

+4 7.7b 19742 

+5 4* £4 52.7 

1* . 12 902 

£6 14 974 

+7 17.1 4.1 42* 

•+1 66b 03 30* 

• +7 1£4 4* XI 


• +6 79 19 562 


• +2 4*b 3.1 303 

65 £3609 
1* b 16 92.1 
+2. Z* £3 68* 

• +13b 33.1 0117.1 

-t-7 12-1 Z2 509 

♦5 72 £4 67.1 

+5 24*n 0SX8 

.. 2* 2*505 

61 X 
102 81 
122 85 

£13 IX 
113 iao>> 
101 89 
IM 118 
M7 140 
118 SO hi 
178 IX 
305 237 
370 30Q ■ 
207 157-1 
144 112 
94 78 

296 217 
52 X 
74 53 

109 BO'i 

g rown Eroarp 41 

TR Australia 88 

TR Ctty 01 Urn DM116 
TR Ind A Gan 213 
TO Naur® Has 112 
TO Norti Arronca X 
TO Paerte Bqsm IM 
TO Propany 187 

TO Tacft ill 

TO IMm 178 

Trade Bm 157 

Owipwoti 296 

Throg Secured Cap 355 
Trana Ooaamc 207 

Tnbuns 144 

TlUawM me n 

US DBbarttra* 2S6 

w*pRjwo»a» g'i 

VHtmi 100 

Yeoman 349 

£6 1* .. 
63 3*31* 
65b 54 £7.1 
52 £7400 
59 S3 24.0 
2* £7407 

14 0* . . 

07 60 +1* - 

2.8 £3 524. 
00 1+ 38 B 

8 lb 52 27.4 
IlSts 4*354 

5* £7 519 
4* £8 41* 
108 17* 01 
9* 11 KJ-3 
29b 79X4 
22 04468 
£8 42 81* 

161b £3 36* 


«7S. 3J>. Amancan Exprm 

71 31 Arpyla 

+9 21 Botmaad 

154 Irt Britannia Arrow 
13<X Qaay AM 
20', 12'. Do 'A' 

156 131 Been 
10 a m Enq Trum 
247 187 Brno 
™ Of Eripfara aon 
750 375 Ram i e rgririi 
9+ 77 Rom & 

isi ra gooooTd a M) 

«0«0 gjroromAtoro 

g^S Via 

3® 292 A+ercantOe Houxs 
1® 76 PocmetavT* 

77‘- W DO WBivanii 

206 152 feriftNaaiGorat 

IK -2 


ElB'r +% 

148 +1 

145 ®-3 

234 +5 


750 +15 

X •+'» 


BE3 +13 

178 +1 


260 +10 

297 • 




14 2* 203 : 
.. .. 704 ■ 

08 4*17* 

70* 01 108 \ 

70.0 3* 13* 

53 4* 34.4 7 

4 3 3* 163 r 
60 £6 161 • 
5* 34 12* - 
95 12 349 . 

71 85 92 . 
2* 1*392 : 

179 £1 105 ■ 

123b 7* 72 
229 5*100 - 

61 £531* ' 
20* £7 07 ' 

0* £4 .. " 

10 * 62 8* r- 



GWJoyrwra and Co report 

SUGAR (FMm C. Cawtthow) 

Oct 1179-174 

Dec 1 26^-24. S 

Mat 13BJMa8 

May 1439-432 

Aug 14SLQ-462 

Oct 1534-S2JJ 

Vot 1423 








Oct — — 

Doc m— — 


S 9= 



oa — - 

NOW — — 


Jen — . 








131 .75-31 .50 
137 30-37 JS 
141 5041 JX) 

. 13850-28.00 


U uu M elM prtcra 
OYSctot Tbmovar dgswaa 

Price ii £ per aa&fc tom® 
SttwBY id peae® per tny me® 

BDdoff Wolf a Co. LM. Ittport 

Cash 87650-877.00 

Thwi Months. 89250-89350 

va 3502 

TOW Steady but grapt 


Cash 84850-84850 

Three Months . BG9 jOO-87150 

Vbi 12S 

Torte Quiet 


Cash ,ui„ — - 1 27250427250 
Throe Months. 27350-274.00 

Vd 1150 

Tone — — Steady 


Cash 5400055050 

Voi NS 

TODS Idle 

CaSi .5735057450 

Three Months . 57850-57850 
Vg| - 9MB 

Tone ■ -Steady 


Cash 346-OKW00 

Three Montti*. 3545&35550 

Vol Hi 

Tone — — — idte 


Cash 346.00-347 JX) 

Three Months-. 35450^550 

Vol — ; Nl 

Tone Ida 

Cash 773.00-774.00 

ThrsB Months. 76050-78050 

Vol 3800 

Tone Steady 

Pig Contract 


Eper tonne 
















J un 





Oom - 



IISuO : 






161* . 





85* : 

Cash — 2520-2530 

Three Months SSS&SSTO 

VOI 180 

Tone Steady 


Average (atetodi prices at 
reprt M' unli ve m a ikei s an 

Gft CMio, S5.18p per kg Iw 

GEb Sheep 151. isp per kn* 

GB: ms, 7850p par kg h* 

*e*t deed eere aao w e i g ht 
CMde noa up 88JS %, eve. 

Cattte noe- down 7.6 <6, 8 wl 

pritra, 94*3 (+0681 

stieep nos. up 05 %, eve- 
pnee. 140747+958)«L 
prfce, 7575 (-Z53) 



Live CMS® Contact 
p- per Mo 

Month Open CRae 
Sop 985 985 

Oo 985 985 

NOY 995 995 

Feb 995 995 

Apr 995 995 

5m 995 995 


£ per tame 

Wheat Barley 
Maatfi Cion dose 

Sep 106.00 104*0 

MO*- 10750 107-20 

Jan 11050 10955 

Mar 112*0 11155 

fey 114J0 11US 

Vat 1312 /. 


GJU. Freight Futuras Ltd 
report 510 per index port 
freight index 

Htgft/Low Oom 

Oct 86 7585-765.0 768.0 •; 

Jan 87 7B55-7BS.0 7885 . 

Anr» 825.0525.0 8275 • 

A487 7585 . 

OeiS7 8825 

Jen 88 8485 

^rffl 9125 

JM88 8455", 

VOL 64 lots 
Open interest 2041 

HtfVLow Ctoee 
Sep 66 1070-1070 10705 


Nov 68 13255 

Dec 11955 ft 

— 11155.': 

Jui67 12005 -l • 

VOt 14 Ms 

Opeh Mares! 42 ■- 

Spo< maricat commentary. 

Tanker tad«c "** 

12495 flown 305 en 29/8/88 


I » ; J > 1^ I lU Sfl 



eifiltal^E?^ «Rt dwkyonr 

w» lo give jSu^wSp'o^^^ 5m 

this Bpw wt total. Check 

pttJBfSi a sasslIS* 

95S 6 wnMtof; 

bade of your caul Ym? f £ r0ca £ re °“ *** 
WIT oJS'SSbte rtS’dS^ 1 *'* 

Na- Cmaumy 
• I Amec 

Bright start to account 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings bc^vtslcrday. Dealings end September 12. §Contango day September 15. Seukmaxt day September 22. 

§Forward bargains arc pennitted on two previous business days. 


Claims required for 
+30 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

" « gW.BWi w 

Ws i 0 z FbnwHki u tad va 

an an rm Bnh or soo* an 


8KSI SK 0 * 1 

3*3 -fl MB 4512.1 

a u uiu 

128 -1 T.t UIU 

an +19 M 3 43104 

IIS .. M 2 23 12.7 

70 S • + 12 V 4 H U KJ 


»Ti .. 

an «+is 7 J 2 iB 7 

II Sfs^.S 

EMr - * 
arss”"- 8g 


sa B nwn» its 

Scot t Hnr 187 

vu an 

Mttnd -A 1 211 

Do V 275 

«MMt» 213 

UtoMnubi AO 3*3 

tSflF 305 

103 13 1U 
WL7 62 UJ 

u uu 

0.1 U2U 

u ii7 i a 
u Uiu 
iaa uiu- 

M 1.1 BUI 
.. 124 

2.1 16 M2 

U 17 229 
15 22122 
U IB 112 
IB 03 .. 

13 IS 72 

28 W212 
21 17 112 

<1 24 121 
02 22 126 
12 U 904 

u uua 

U 22 IIS 
21 12 102 
24 23 155 

ii ia 112 

i2« m ion 

s* 4iii.o 
1.7 22 82 

u u .. 

■2.1 42 15 
17.1b IS 5*3 
172 10 17 

14a 07 221 
24 42112 

14 07 2 19 
41 12 172 
U 1111 


• L* ■ 

ci’ uw • imuir 

I . *r -E.T Hl*ia 

.« -JL. 4 ' 


Please be sure to take account 
Of any minus gfpw 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
Saturday’s newspaper. 


107 * U 72 
12 M 204 
552 it 174 

72 22 111 
HA 42112 
7.1 52 U 
25 U 232 . 

213 12 02 .. 

M2 32 23 10 


203 • 

£11 .. 17.1 12 722 

23* 17 24 372 


29 • .. 12 42 224 

t» 12 52112 

IBS +2 IBb 47 202 

M +1 

g* • 

13 S .. 

220 • 

45 30112 
28 112 412 
11.1 84 152 

17 27124 
52 12 311 
17.1 11 172 

184 . 42 12 
.. .. 222 
111 42 « 
17 52 111 

11 34 111 
57 15117 
74 72 Z72 

22 20115 

14 4720 2 

12 45 52 

102 42 125 

103 52 112 

103 83114 
32 12 248 
152 35135 
52 27 182 

23 12204 
47 25118 
10 20112 
42 42 52 
14 12 1M 
74 25212 
28 22132 
52 83 17 
172 32172 
30 14 252 

71 74 US 

13 05 228 
38 33 142 
27 52222 

114 83147 
52 12 110 
10 4D 122 
10 30112 
174 42 113 

72 13240 
42 32115 

321 55 120 

83 20234 
133 47 142 
132b 52134 
17 52 118 


433 320 Grand MM 408 1+5 135 30137 

288 208 Kontady Broom 228 24 1.1 112 

301 312 LaobnMi 380 +5 131 42 172 

585 447 Loo Pwfc HoMta S 65 +25 143 25172 

100 78 V Mount CMMMM 11 • .. 2.1 23 152 

105 67 Pitt* 01 W HOtata 83 «-1 2.1 22152 

71 58*1 Quaans Moat 77 m .. 27 35 149 

405 W Sarny HoWb 'K 3 TO ..52 14142 

81 SB Mb 85 1+1 12 20 110 

an 141 Trams*** For* in ■+■ 72 n iS 4 










S 3 




24 . 

+ 2 D 










12 : 


15 : 












i +5 









1 . 1 : 











23 : 





2 2 

• • 




11.1 42 130 

18 54212 

12 14 13U? 
MB 10 10.4 

62 17 100 
112 42142 
38 22152 

121 52102 

U U U 

02 17 7.1 

03 1.1 142 
583 72121 

.. • .. 432 

114 S 3 . . 

14 20117 

15 2512 # 

14 23 52 
34 b U 273 

220 63 141 

22 18 02 
141 42 122 

82 22 220 
103 &7 142 
.. .. 114 

115 14113 
117 41 82 

13 42147 
23 17 211 

15 72112 
2578 IS 13 

12 b 82 .. 
107 57125 
18 18 83 
82 20115 
lf .1 41 XT A 



- 1 “5? 425 

+Y 152b 74 .. 

iso i7ii2 

A 202 47 14 
•+7V »1 S A 75 

*; 132 19 227 

“ 38J 87 417 

■ 22 52 HI 

?. 8 35 " 

34 49 113 

*1 •£ W - 

3“ SS 34112 

is 28-1 72 11 

U iSng'g 

T, 133 11 13 

33 52 .. 
m ” 17.7 37 202 

" ’ U5 37 122 
a, j' £82 37 11.1 
Srf So 62 72 

-3 -• •* ;■ 

pin 37.1 84 214 

3k 272 42 82 

BOO 53 »0 

g s 

266 178 
81 34 


22V 16* 
130 76 

m .. «n 



:: So 

VZ Si 

• .. 7.1 

• 22 

+1 14b 

.. U 

+4 38 

+8 17.1 
+3 111 


.. na 


38V 2B*> 

8 «V 

05 18 

i B0 46 

:n asv 
,105 a 
an in 

840 510 ■ 

172 11132 
32 32 12 
fcl 43252 
15 14217 

7.1 44 102 
74 32 112 

.14 03 no 

11.1 40 12.1 

43 87122 
mo 10 M2 

g i;u 

25 287 
22 11 87 
WUU) 7.1 U 

ijtt 11 142 
124 45111 
33 14 831 
42 42132 
15* 25172 
24 40415 
20a 37 XU 
214 40115 
43 19103- 
14 41 182 
..1 .. 113 
.. .. ms 
84 82112 
18. 83124 
52 U 102 
114 6,1 U7 


.. a .. Hi 

912 280 1 

mow H fra 

7V 4V : 
54 28 1 
X 11 1 

2*3 K 1 

no to 

4» 15 1 
143 *1 ] 

31 21 1 

it Wanstii Um 

CC 08 




Do Uns> 

Ha London CM 


9*0 883 1 
J*5 133 | 

97 11 1 
23V 11V 1 

w> a : 
32 r£ , 

5S? BBrt 



nmn Ennpa 


313 ms Eanatn Trad na 

221 iso Earn IBS 

277 2M as 231 

43V 29V BO* 39V 

153 102V Eha 135 

29’. 17V SbCtrOfeB (MJ V £2BV 

104 53 BMC m 87 

28*. 18V Ermatt EM 

301 262 EMtttl QM day 330 
20* 19V EiEmo (U4J -B* t22V 
16 * 13* Mm Housa MS 

177'j 130*1 EWapMn Ftalia* 131 

142 112 DdSWM 133 

3*2 ISO Emd 2*8 

423 312 Exial 373 

55 22 FWeon *2 

42 20 RMdM Aotfc tad 34 

143 UK FmaMiR) 132 

» SO Ha enamor 00 

833 «5® An 610 

07 36 ftMM C* 

12* 0* FtaxaSD CAW 92 

n 31V FoM 38V 

123 98 Fopny n 

41V 27V Oratta N/V 34 

199 1S7 Ftxnarga A Hanay 178 

67 48 Ranch (TbORMi so 

131 84 GSM S3 

305 2SA GKN 282 

310 2G0 GH 295 

118 6B GMMiaiB 108 

157 100 GMtawnr 113 

150 111 Gam 120 

11'* 780V Gtaxo E5F>. 

3*4 104 OyiHNd 310 

SSS 250 Goring Itarr 290 

182 107 Gm«lnMita 140 

312 200 Granadi 292 

10V 0V BidhhI 8V 

93 aVIHWPncUon 78 ' 
232 134 ><•■ ebb m 

162 1SB K>*M 134 

266 TOO ruin 103 

ssa 230 Italia 2B0 

41 26V HMtptaM tad n 

48 20 HMtaMX 26 

195 Ml Hanson 19* 

181 145 Oo B* Otar £191 

119 U Do PA n 116V 

12SV115V Do 1D1 £134 

260 133 Hmatm ZH 

276 175 Harita (ptUpl 250 
623 *31 Hswfcsr Sddstay 613 
150 90 Hawtav 111 

205 81 Hqi (Hmn) 200 

221 MO Hflpwrti Carandc 308 
201 96 Naur 178 

n 85 Hwatto n 

142 122 IMua C JOB 125 

n 02 Ho«» »t» n 

106 66 Htat Lloyd 95 

205 148 HopUlMM 235 

120 ST HOMWI 102 

310 294 Kbiefca ASSOC 300 
1T5 n Huntan Grotp IDS 
297 287V HuUW Mtanoeoa 202 
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Edited by Matthew May 


■ Compaq, the successful 
manufacturer of IBM PC 
clones, is expected later 
this month to launch the first 
micro based on an 
advanced chip that IBM is not 
expected to move to until 
1987. Intel’s 80386 chip will 
allow faster operating and. 
when a new version of the 
PC's operating system, 

DOS 5.0 becomes available, 
will also remove the current 
limit of 640k of memory for 

machines running the 
current version. DOS 3.2. The . 
increased memory available 
will be useful for multi-tasking, 
the ability to run several 
software packages at once. It 
will be particularly useful in 
areas such as financial 
systems. On Thursdaythe 
British company TFB-Hair wffl 
launch a multiuser system 
using the new chip. 

■ The West German 
chemical group BASF has 
confrrmedit is discussing 
with Siemens, the electrical 

S . the possibility of 

ig a company that will 
combine its computer 
harwareand peripheral 
division with some of 
Siemens software operation. 
The new grouping, if 
formed, would immediately 
have sales word) £300 
million. BASF, one of Europe's 
leading sellers of computer 
discs and tape cassettes, has 
already spun its mainframe 
and peripheral division into a 
separate company, ready 
for joint operation with a 

■ The robotics industry, 
once considered to have a 
promising future, is 
expecteato decline at least 20 





consultant Priced at £35, 
the book is published by VNU 
Business Publications on 
01-439 4242. A similar fisting of 
suppliers and services In 
the communications industry. 
The Communications Users 
Yearbook, is published by the 
National Computing Centre 
at £45 on 061-228 6333. 


per cent in the US next year^ 
from ’ ~ - *■ 

1 1986 levels. Cutbacks by 

the car industry centred 
around Detroit are a major 
factor in the decline. 
Revenues in the US robotics 
industry grew an estimated 
51 per cent in 1985 compared 
to 1984 sales. Several 
robotics companies have 
already been laying off 
workers, "it's tne biggest 
downturn we’ve seen since 
I've been (n the business. 
We're just watching things 
dry up," said Walter Weissf, 
president of Prab Robots 
after laying off 20 of his 200 

■ A 700-page tome for 
users of IBM and compatible 
computers, the PC Year 
Book 1967, includes details of 
2,500 software packages 
and 60 different machines. 
Though fairly 
comprehensive and well 
organized its most 
infuriating fault Is a an almost 
complete lack of 
information on the price of 
anything. A separate 
section on PC services lists 
relevant maintenance 
companies, computer 
consultants and training 
firms. Computer consultants 
do list their fees which 
range from £90 to £225 a day 
for programmers and £175 
to £45da day for a full-blown 

■ Personal computer users' 
in Britain can now exchange 
messages with PCs in the 
US for abouthalf the cost of a 

transatlantic phone caB, 
accorcSng to the electronic mail 
service Microtink based in 

Stockport Connecting via 
Micro enk to an American 

database catted Mne matics. 
those who can afford it can 
also access the Associated 
Press news service, 40 

special interest group 
databases including ones 
for doctors, lawyers and even 
cat-lovers and play 
interconti n ental games. The 
; charges i 

company's UK charges are 

£3 a month standing charge. 

” ost50p 

Dialling tile US will cost! 
a minute peak and 30p a 
minute off-peak. 

■ Despite the shortage of 
experienced computer people, 
new graduates getting a 
first lob in high technology still 
find it a competitive 
business. Software house BIS 
Applied Systems has taken 
on 15 graduates this year but 

received 4,000 apgjcations 

and interviewed 
candidates. Next year is 
likely to attract even more 
applications as BIS wants 
to recruit 30 new graduates 
and for the first time will 
accept applications from 
students with degrees in 
any subjects rather than a just 
a computing or science 

Translations: No problemski, mon ami 

By Christine Barbin 

Stephen Johnson 

Ever since computers came on 
the market, attempts have 
been made to use them to 
translate texts. But the 
ambiguities and oddities of 
human language makes direct 
translation difficult and none 
of the various artificial lan- 
guages invented as intermedi- 
aries has ever proved 
completely adequate. 

Millions of pounds have 
been invested in studies with- 
out any very convincing re- 
sult In 1966 the US Academy 
of Sciences declared that auto- 
matic translation was highly 
problematical because 
computers were incapable of 
discerning meanings. 

In recent years, progress in 
work on artificial intelligence 
has revived interest and sev- 
eral translation models are 
operational. One such is 
Ariane 78, being developed by 
the Automatic Translation 
Group in Grenoble, France. It 
uses an artificial intermediate 
or "bridge” language, for 
translation from Russian to 

Other programs, such as 
Logos. German into English, 
employ similar methods. 
Now, going a step further, 
Bolivian engineer Ivan de 
Rojas believes be has discov- 
ered that a living language, 
Aymara, can play the same 
intermediary role. ' 

Its grammatical structure is 
so regular, be says, and highly 

developed that it is capable of 
containing the grammars of 
other languages as subsets. 
This mates it particularly 
suitable as a tool for multi- 
lingual translations. 

Aymara. which is spoken by. 
some two and a half million 
people mainly concentrated in 
Bolivia, Asti and northern 
Chile, is estimated to be 
between 3,000 and 5,000 yearn 

Although it has suffered 
incursions from both Que- 
chua, a language brought to 
the region by the Incas, and 
more especially Spanish since 
the colonial period, Aymara 
has nonetheless survived to 

such an extent that it is used 
today • for many radio pro- 
grammes in Boh via. 

It was, however, a marginal 
lan g ua ge limited to rural 
populations from the High 
Andean plateau, until Guz- 
man de Rojas began his 
intensive study. . 

By manipulating the lan- 
guage; in which terms and 
expressions are formed by the 
addition of affixes to root- 
words, Guzman de Rojas 
discovered its algorithmic 
structure for the translation of 
several, if not all, Indo-Euro- 
pean languages. 

The project appears suf- 
ficiently promising that it has 

from Ja pan’s No. 1 

computer maker 

Fujitsu, the largest and most respected 
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technology presents the l‘K tvith four 
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Take our new 
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attracted subsidies from the 
r ararftan International Cen- 
tre for Development Research 
and from Unesco through 
Rosilac, its regional office for 
science an technology in Latin 
America and the Caribbean. 

“This extraordinary lan- 
guage is so regularly struc- 
tured that it could have been 
invented by engineers,'’ said 
Juan Anselmi of Rostlac. 

“This means it can be 
broken down into algebraic 
equations which are then used 
as a bridge language, allowing 
for translation at a rate of 
40,000 words per hour — the 
fastest computer translations 
so far developed attain a 

maximum 8,000 words per 
hour. “Currently, it can trans- 
late from and into English, 
Spanish. German and French. 

“The great advantage of 
using a bridge language in 
automatic translation, M sakh 
Mr Anselmi. “is economy.! 
Since languages contain sty 
many grammatical rules and! 
particularities, all the possibfei 
combinations of these panics^ 
lars must be taken into ae-J 
count when one is attempting? 
to translate from one language! 
to another.” *' r 

Professional translators 
need not, however, be unduly? 
alarmed that the system wilJJ 
replace them. In ihiy experi-c 
ment in language engineerings 
the computer is there- tot 
facilitate the task of basic; 
translation. ■ » r 

“The automatic translator!, 
will always be a subordinate; a: 
machine present only as a took 
to increase the translators^ 
productivity, “said Guzman* 
de Rojas. ? ; 

The rapid development <of 
automatic translation systems, 
seems to indicate that human? 
intervention may be proponr 
tionately lower, in years tea 
come, but at tbe same time thet 
volume of translations 
likely to increase around (he 
world. ' ni 

The human translator wili- 
still have plenty to do even i& 
in ten years, as experts predicts 
machines are doing 80 pec, 
cent of the work. ; 

Uncsco Features 

US tax changes could' 
hurt micro companies 

From Geof Wheelwright in San Francisco 

The current tax revision in the 
United States could drive 
high-technology investment 
dollars out of America .and 
into British and European 

New proposals agreed by 
the US Congress in August 
will cut personal taxes in low 
and middie-income wage 
earners and eliminate the 
many corporate tax opportu- 
nities. by which some big 
companies pay little or no tax 
in recent yean. 

It could spell trouble for the 
beleaguered American micro- 
computer business. One of the 
greatest beneficiaries of. such 
corporate, breaks have been 
new hardware and software 
microcomputer companies, 
many of which could have not 
survived the (ax burden that 
would have normally fallen on 
them without the special 

According to the 5au Jose 
Mercury News, a paper whose 
readership includes a good 
chunk of Silicon Valley res- 
idents, the tax proposals are 
being dubbed “another 
Chernobyl” by some members 
of the industry. It quotes one 
spokesman from the large 
micro p rocessor manufacturer 
Intel as saying: “Our business 
— capital intensive, with mar 
jor investments in plant and 
equipment — will be a real 
victim of the lax bill.” 

Given the recent changes in 
the British tax system, this 
country may well get a good 
deal more attention from US 

technology investors, which 
have until now spent a good 
deal of their time luring 
around Silicon Valfay audits 
counterparts in Boston, New 
York and the South-West.*. 

Though US investment irf 
the UK high-technology busi- 
ness has never boomed, there 
have been a number of areas -* 
particularly those relating to 
software design — where the 
UK has a reputation? for 
innovation and quality. ; 

There is, of course, tbe other 
possibility that the US tax cuts 
may turn investors away from 
PC technology altogether — 
and make things even worse 
for the industry on both sides 
of the Atlantic. 

More than one . venture 
capitalist was quoted in the 
US as saying the industry was 
in trouble. John Doerr, a 
partner hi a Californian ven- 
ture Capital firm, said: “This is 
is a sorry day for venture 
capital and high technology, in 
effect, a-40 per cent increase in 
tbe taxes 'on capital 

If business is hurt by the tax 
changes, it will be hard to 
distinguish those problems 
from those which already face 
an industry suffering from 
over-supply and a pace of 
change that mates new prod- 
ucts obselete almost from the 
day they are launched. 

Losing the ability to declare 
against taxes some of the 
many losses those problems 
create cannot, help. 


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Game, set 
and match 

’ - v - * 

style ~ 

By William Murray ' 

M^y.wraputcr professionals 

^ sage whhSSS 
S? fvwfencc under then-' 



warns and' find 
wolves running a thriving 
uewbusmcss? t* 

One ^such winning idea 

J^pbson with, a company 
the unKkdy name 
3 “LT Sp orts Software. The 
sports-wW has 
*® »uned the last few years ' 
under an avalanche of :statis- 
fc seha a» there- are 
nmobers for everything and a 
prayers. »me is ma&emia*- 
«afly dissected in a way that 
makes crfcket scores foek 
positively mundane. 

Mr Jacobson, has turned his 

attention to tennis. He 
found ed the company three i 
y^ 0 ? ago after developing a j 
computer program and data 
couecticm system to help im- 
prove his son's tennis game. 

Over the next two years, Mr 

Jacobson — who previously 
worked" “for IBM and other 
companies in Silicon VaHey^ 
farther developed his pro- 
gram. In 1983, he decided to 
go oca oh his own. The system 
— Compu tennis - begins with 
what looks , like an ordinary 
portable computer. 

Now a popular 7 
Edition to clubs 

"Ebefocation and effective- 
ness of serves, returns and 
inpig shots are entered' into 
the program. At the end of a 
aw*, players can see just 
their strengths and 
jfenresswere. ■ 

» Sit is about as for as it goes 
ffijhccasaal player. For the 
pj$ssfonal however thepro- 
pm-pumps out much more 
pooled ' information with 
which to .plan strategy and 

Mr Jacobson has worked 
with Chris Evert-Lloyd, Ivan 
Lenctt, John .McEnroe, Boris 
Bedcer and others. 

The system is not cheap 
however. The basic machinery 
costs around £1,800 and has 
become a popular addition to 
load" teams diAit indlennis 
cam pi 

The ha dware has a -special- 
ized keyboard for scoring and 
the company uses its own 
microchip. Reports prepared 
for . a . single match, by. 
Computennis cost £50. A 
scouting report, an analysis of 
a number of matches costs £65 
amf tbe extensive reports that 
touring pros require are much 

“There are otter -fields 
where we- think we con go- 1 
.really don't drink there, is 
-much . difference 'measuring 
.bow a tennis player reacts to 
pressure and a jet fighter 
pilot” said Mr "Jacobson. . 

gpmtg the past fewyears September 
become establtshcd'as -the, time 
wiM .many riucroebmpuier comr 
gpies with new or ^revised products 
«tow off the . fruits of then" labours 
co nd ucted with varying degtatt. of 
se ?f y P!®***“8 months. 

- This month is ho exception -wdt 
Acona annpuncmga cui-down model 
p ils Master series and Apple 
munching an updated verrion of the 
Apple U on -September 19, while 
*oday Amstrad nfllliially y tty 
cfote .of the IBM PC- iTless than 
«00it wfrl be under haTite : IBM 
price. ■* 

A dutch of less -well known 
companies win Be taking advantage 
of the PCW show which starts 
tomorrow ar Olympia, Landon,To 
snow their new products. 

' Aconi’s Master Compact at £460 « 
“gjcalbra foster version of the old 
BBC wftb 128k of memory and a 
3wm disc drive thrown in. dnlilcetiie 
nmtia Master 128 machine, simi- 
fartypriced but without a disc drive. 
The Compact has few sockets arid so 
cairnoi be upgraded through the rest 
oilneMaster Series. Versions are also 
available with* a. blade and white 
monitor, at £540; and a high resoUt- 
lion colour mortitorvaf £690. ■ 

»ew computer, the. Apple 
llMS, p . ait yersiori lof- an* old 
- workhorse Apjile IL' Though success- 
nil in ds time arid despite some 
updated models, it is bow lookug 
very longin the tooth. The GS, priced 
• around £1,000, wifl- contain some of 
the basic features of. the more 
. expensive" Apple Macintosh com- 
puter and comes with monitor, ope 
disc drive and-256k of memory. • . ; 

It will be foster than the present 
Apple Us, have a higher screen 
resolution, a sound focility and a 
petnre-based operating system. As a 
cut-do^Vn Macintosh it shook! be able 
to / connect io networks, share 

While both these new compnters 
may find thmr bond of entiunasts it 
will have' little of the effect on. the 
public and the coinputer indusfry 
that Alan Sugar, chapman of 
Amstrad, hopes for with the new PC 

- Specialist computer retailers, al- 
ready in poor shape from the rod of 
one microcomputer sales- boom, do 
riot like the idea of such madnnes 
eroding their profit margins even 
further while others predict it will he 
the beginning of a new boom with 
customers coming from Both busi- 
ness and home. Many software 
bouses are expecting a juicy new 
market for their triost popular pro?. 
at a much, lower price. . 

Amstrad has been credited with 
potting strong pressure on the prices 
of persona] computers since the 
launch oftts PCw- series. jnsi qver a 
year ago. niced at£460, it was a huge 
success, tiiewfog dearly that there 
were plenty of tostoroera still wanting 

- V';- • - ' 


AlanSugan thankfol customers 

micros but mxwihiiig to pay- more 
than £1,000 fora system. • 

■ The PCW was not EBM-compatiUe 
and so iaigdy appealed to those in the 
home -wanting to for word 
processing — it came conqrirte with 
wted processing software package 
and prater. 

Amstrad is hoping for an even 

journalists exported 


• By Matthew May 

are bring flewn in from abroad. 

- The new PC will be compatible 
noth the IBM PC, now. a virtual 
industry standanLfor business micros " 
and will let customer run virtually 
any of the thousands of programs 
deyelcyfed for the . IBM- arid its: 
inritators. : .It .wifl .have 512k of 
computer memory — a usual amount 
nowadays^though ft. is only fiye years 
saoce £BM .launched the original PC. 
starting with a now unbelievably 
paltry 16 k of computer memory. '. 

" A momtar and several picture- 
based programs called Gem from the 
American Digital Research company 
will be induded along with a mouse— 
the hand-hdd device which moves a 
pointer ori the screen- when it is rolled 
around a dedetop. Unlike the PCW, a 
printer will not be included, though 
Amstrad may provide one as a £150 
extra, '• 

The baric PC wftl be priced at 
around £450 with more expensive 
versions including a second disc drive 
and colour, rrther than Mack and 
white monitor. A version with a hard" 

disc for nnderfl ,000 will be sold at a 
later date. 

To some extent Amstrad's thunder 
has already been stolen by the advent 
of other dwap dones of the IBM PC 
imported from the. Far East, but 
dealers selfirig unknown brand names 
not suprisingly foce suspicion from 
cuawners about, the. quality and 
reliability of such machines. Buying a 
wdi known brandof compatible sfin 
costs well above what Mr Sugar win 
be charging and by patting a company 
logo op the machine Anrnrad hopes 
to reassure the many customers 

nriwiBing to risk the unheard of 

It is still doubtful, however, 
whether an Amstrad logo will be 
enough to crack the office and 
corporate customers for PCs. Jim 
Anderson, an analyst with stock- 
brokers Wood Mackenzie, believes 
the Amstrad will sell well to. what he 
describes as the take-home corporate 
market. “An executive with an 
established brand of personal com- 
pater on the desk at the office can 
now work at home on a cheap 
Amstrad version,'’ be said, predicting 
sales of around 200,000 in the first rix 
months. “Bui if Alan Sugar does 
manage to crack the corporate market 
as well the machine will be an 
astounding success.' 1 

As well as affluent home users with 
a requirement fora computer that can 
handle more than the odd few 
computer- games the PC wiD also he 
aimed at small and medium-s ized 
bus in esses that have so for resisted 
computers. With the added cost of a 
primer it will still be competitive in 
price to an electric typewriter and do 
all the things personal computers are 
supposed to as weB. 

IBM's response is cheap clones has 
so for been limited to modest price 
cuts — its PCs still average twice the 
oast of the cheaper clones. Specula- 
tion on IBM's next move ranges from 
the company producing a S700 PC 
aimed at schools and “office” 
computing , at home to producing a 
new generation of the PC with 
proprietary drips- that wiD do more - 
than the current operating system the 
clones are based on. Copying IBM 
would then be a for more complex 

. Amstrad itself is. unlikely ro dent 
IBM's sales to large companies that 
often require the more sophisticated 
personal computers such as the XT 
and AT " and value highly IBM's 
reputation for quality and after-sales 
service despite a dear price premium. 
Several well known manufacturers, 
however, new produce clones of 
IBM's more advanced PCs. 

- Last month KasparGassani, presi^ 
dent^ of IBM Europe, hinted that lbe 
company could still make money on a 
£500 personal computer. But IBM's 
retoetenepto sefl otneSyon price was 
apparently dearly steed by the 
chairman John Akers in June. He 
remarked that if the market became 

A good reason 
to take a . 
chance on Rise 

By Nick Hampshire 


The new BBC micro 
too “commodity like" the company 
cookl withdraw. “We are in the 
business' of high margin sales," be 
said. . . 

Mr Sugar is dearly in the business 
of high-volume sales and his new 
customers unwiUmg or unable to pay 
the high margins of- many other 
companies will no doubt be thankful. 

Less thankful will be the beteagured 
mainstream computer dealers un- 
happy with the sort of profit margins 
£500 computers can provide. The 
chairman of one user association was 
prompted to remark over cheap PCs 
that' “If it takes longer than ten 
minutes to sen a machine the profit is 
so slim its just not worth it.” 

The weekly trade magazine Micro- 
scope aimed at computer dealers tried 
to reassure its readers about the 
potential threat of Amstrad in ft 
recent issue. Amstrad machines in the 

Bidding starts for 
franchise of satellite 
broadcasting service 

window, it said “will certainly draw 
customers in. But it should take very 
little sales skill to persuade most 
customers that their needs could be 
better met by a larger or more 
expandable machine. And that will 
probably be one that the computer 
dealer can buy at decent margins and. 
in sensible volumes,” Let the buyer 

Business computers are not Mr 
Sugar’s only concern at the moment. 
Amstrad is also about to launch a new 
£150 version of the Spectrum with a 
built-in cassette recorder — it took 
over the rights to The product from 
Siiwiair m April Last week Amstrad 
announced it is a member of one of 
the five consortiums bidding for a 
franchise from the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority to run a 
direet broadcasting service by 

Mr Sugar believes the dishes fbr 
receiving satellite television can be 
manufactured for under £200 — half 
the current price; Sounds familiar. 

From J^ohn Tagtiabne 
' fai HHversam 

As European governments 
scramble to modernize their 
telephone networks, industry 
deregulation is openixv the 
doors wide to^U .oomexs. 

; Across Europe,- competitive 
bidding is replacing the afl- 
sjoweml national monopo- 
lies- Indeed Europe has seen 
dear signs that, business is .all 
too ready to -go wherever 
better products or services 

. -West German- officials, for 

Phone shake-up hits Europe 

example, are voiriiu growing 
concern over a shift in bank 
data centers from Frankfurt fo 
London because of- better 
service arid lower costs; Arid 
the Belgian government re- 
cently voted telephone rate 
cuts to stop, an exodus of 
business from Brussels. - - 
Britain led . the shake-up, 
with its sale toi»ivatemvev 
tors, staffing in 1 981, .of more 
than half of the government's 

stake in British Telecom. Italy 
has sold 30 percent of the 
major network operator, 
Sodeta Italiana parEsercfario 
Telefonico, to- private inves- 
tors, and the Netherlands is 
considering similar steps. 

; '• Other countries are moving 
■more slowly, but in West 
.Gennaoy, for example, the 
postal minister has named a 
committee to review the 
powerful Bnndespost' s role in 

telecommunications. As the 
market chaises, so too is the 
industry lineup. 

Eight manufacturers now 
dominate Europe. But experts 
say the hifducost of developing 
new technology — the cost of a 
new generation of switching 
technology is estimated at up 
to £600 -million — will weed 
some out. Some realignment 
has already occurred. AT«£T 
startled -the European market 

two years ago when it linked 
up with Philips. The idea was 
to mesh AT&T's advanced 
technology with Philips's 
international sales network, 
and to enable both companies 
to share the costs of develop- 
ing digital switching systems. | 

By any standard, the 
states are immense. Most 
European countries, like the 
United States, are sinking 
trillions of dollars into up- 
dating their telephone sys- 
tems. (UPI) - I 

A new acronym has started to 
appear in the technical com- 
puter journals. It is being 
talked about, by those in the 
know, as the start of a revota- 
tionary outlook on computer 
deagn. The acronym is RISC 
and it stands for Reduced 
Instruction Set Computer. 

Why should a RISC com- 
puter be so revolutionary? The 
answer is that it is simpler and 
cheaper to mate and poten- 
tially far foster and more 
powerful. For programmers 
its importance is that ii trans- 
fers the design complexity 
away from hardware design 
and on to the software. 

By reducing to the barest 

mauds the processor win ac- 
cept, and retaining only those 
necessary to perform the com- 
puter processing function, the 
designers of the processor chip 
can cut out a considerable part 
of the processor circuity. 

This has two results — the 
chip can be smaller and 
therefore much cheaper and, 
because it is smaller, it can run 
foster without needing to use 
state-of-the-art technology. 

This concept of processor 
design has allowed engineers 
to sidestep the enormous 
problems associated with the 
powerful 32-bit and upward 
microprocessors that use con- 
ventional Von Neumann 

Fewer instructions mean 
that the software for such 
processors is long. This is not 
a significant problem since 
more than 95 per cent of most 
programs consists of these 
basic instructions. In most 
applications a RISC processor 
can therefore run several 
times faster than a con- 
ventional processor. 

For this reason the technol- 
ogy should be rapidly accepted 
by users of personal comput- 
ers — • for example, engineers 
who: have very processor- 
intensive applications. 

The necessity of relying mi 
software to do some of the 
more complex functions nor- 
mally done by hardware could 
he the source of future prob- 
lems for the approach. Theo- 
retically, computers based on 
RISC should have only a 
small increase in program- 
ming code over the more 
standard processors, but poor 
software design could greatly 
increase this extra overhead 
and thereby reduce the 

Acorn is well known to 
most people as the manufac- 
turer of the BBC computer. 
But ft is little known as the 
developer of the ARM — 
Acorn RISC Machine. It has 
developed and produced in 18 
months a powerful 32-bit 
microprocessor. Running Ba- 
ric, the processor can work at 
speeds almost 10 times faster 
than the IBM PC 

Because the chip is small 
and uses established technol- 
ogy, Acorn hopes to produce it 

for onequarter of the price of 
other 32-bit microprocessors 
and is planning to use it in & 
new' generation of cheap but 
powerful personal computers, 

Britain is holding its own in 
tte design of RISC processors, 
with three fatty-developed sys- 
tems. They are the Acorn 
ARM, the Inmos Transputer 
- a RISC machine with a 
sophisticated architecture — 
and a 32-bit RISC processor, 
the Viper, developed by the 
Royal Signals and Radar 
Establishment at Malvern for 
military use. 

But this may soon change. 
IBM has developed a RISC 

nnwtmr tn niit m m rttnaft rtf 

personal computers, the IBM 
RT series. 

The IBM development ap- 
pears to have been prompted 
by companies such as Acorn 
and Inmos — ironically, since 
the RISC concept was first 
proposed by researchers at 
IBM in the early 1970s. 

The big market for RISC- 
based personal computers 
comes from people who need 
high-quality real-time graph- 
ics or powerful and fast num- 
ber-crunching machines. In 
this group are engineers, 

Demand lies with 
the high-quality 
graphics market 

geologists, mathematicians, 
and economists — many of 
whom need machines for 
complex modelling. 

The market-research firm 
Dai&quest has estimated in a 
recent report that there are 
more than three million 
potential users for RISC 
computers in the US alone. If 
this is true, the technology can 
gjve manufacturers a substan- 
tial new market. 

However, it could be that 
designing new RISC-based 
-computers is not the best or 
quickest way into this new 
market Inmos is approaching 
the problem in a different way. 
At a cost of between £10,000 
and £1 5,000, the IBM PC can 
be upgraded to give a machine 
with a processing power of 50 
million instructions a second, 
which outperforms many 
mainframe computers. 

I ! 

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reourememsrandfaifawfcig these through to hrgjtemeniatian and subsepuett support This wB also involve 
leading profeateams. extensive overseas trawdand the setting up of local expertise. REFTR 14627 




In preparation far the Deregulation of the Stock Exchange, thfc mafor efty^wsed Merchant Bank require; 
se Bmo ti v a te d and pr o fessional todhdduals With POBTRAN or BASIC experience gained wtihin a DEC POP 
envfronmenL Appftants wffl be ktUafly involved with the development cX mafor Big Bang related prefects 
within the foBowiingapptotions areas: Foreign Exchange. Recounting far Principal and Broking Operations. 
Eurobond Market Making and Iteasury Tiading Systems. No previous banking experience Is necessary, as 
fun training wifl be provided: however, a solid commercial background Will be to your advantage. The 
successful applicant wffl enfoy an eMoeOent salary, tndudlng a subsidised mortgage and generous 
benefits package. REFTT 14630 


The increasing demand far rapid I nfo rmation distribution within the City has resulted in several new 
vacancies within this highly accomplished operation. Successful candidates wffl fain established teams 
working on a variety of exdting prefects. Appiontsare required to have sound experience of 'C. UNIX and 
MS-DOS and should possess an interest In Graphics and MS-Windows. Any exposure to Fitundal/Banidng 
packages wouldbe a dlsdna advantage important attributes are enthusiasm, personalty and potential 
afi of which are recognised by excefiera opportunities ter career progression. Competitive salaries are 
offered depemfing on age. quaflfkatfons and experience. REF TG 14195 



lb after for the increasing demands pheed on the MIS department, one of the top hwen a tfongf Banks has 
an urgent requirement for Graduate P rogrammers of the highest calibre. Applicants will ideally have 
attafoeda gooddegree and haweamln bn tmtol 18 months Qximrercial Program rnfog experience utiRsfog 
COBOL, widi preferably CKSfDL/1 on IBM Mainframes andfor RPCn on system MWs. Working In profea 
teams of varying sizes, the successful candidates wfli assist In the development Implemen t ation and 
Subsequent support of many varied and interest! nginteroatkxwl banking products. Rewards are high with 
dear career paths for the ambitious. Complementing the exceOeht. salaries on offer are comprehensive 
banking benefits. - REF TC 14233 




GUARANTEE £35.000 
BASIC €25,000 + 



A leading US. technology development company has set up a new European Comrmmltadons obvisfon. 
Due to iMs expansion they require top Communications Sales Spedafco who wifl fain a professional ream 
at the outset Pf this tremendous business opportunity. The European Communications Division sells a 
' rwlution^ software package which is recognised as a world fest. Drhe. enthusiasm, commirment and 
an Impeccable sales trade record are aH prerequisites in order to maintain the worlds No. 1 market 
leadership In this Communications area. A foreign language would be a great advantage as extensive 
European tr»el would be involved The successful applicant wfl have experience of the fafiowing protocols; 
CCTTT x 400 Message Handling. X35 IBM BSCand SNA Modules, hi return this organisation offers* superb 
remuneration package, which includes £40.000 on target earnings, private health scheme and 
luxury cac REFTX 14585 


A leading suppfler of advanctedfaformarion systems for Foreign Exchange and ocher dealing a«Mties is 
setting up a new dMsioo. They are seeldnga Senior Account Manager rose# sofnwre wtd services to Mtifor 
Banks. Brokers. etL In the Treasury anss.^ The new dhrisiqn will run mpamHel with, and complement, their 
■very suflcesshilDeaSngltoomSwItthlng area whtd) has vinrltren substantial business^ with leading Financial 
institutions. Protected revenue levels for tfes new area over the next three years are In excess Of £50 milfion 
nrgvHfing unKmlied earnings potential for the Sales Consultants. The successful applicant should [have 
deoiled knowledge of the Oty and have a proven sales record In Financial Solutions at a senior level. This 
(s an exceQerit chanceto km one of the hugest companies In this field and to reap the benefits of mafor 
salesoppOrtunrtleswhk* wtfl resoh horn (he Imminent dereff^atlon of the Stock Market. REF TL 14273 

We have many defier National and International vacancies, please contact one of oerr Consultants for details. 

24 HRS (10 LINES) 


01 439 8302 
01 437 5994 

{08921 28736 
!>l 451 I6SS 

iii i y aauMa 



Men of the world with 
the skills to match 

The computer industry is 
global and so is its labour 
market. A world shortage of 
experienced da la-processing 
staff makes it easy (o drive a 
career forward across frontiers 
and continents. 

From America to Western 
Europe, and from Arabia to 
Australia. British expertise is 
highly valued For anyone 
with a computer science de- 
gree. or five or more years’ 
experience, there is likdy to be 
a slot on offer somewhere. 

Overseas recruitment has 
seldom been higher, with only 
the Middle East showing any 
let-up in demand. 

So while there is plenty of 
breast-beating about the state 
of the British computer in- 
dustry there is little doubt 
that, individually, our an- 


By Edward Fennell 

afysts and programmers are 
well ahead of most of their 
overseas counterparts. 

“Our clients in America are 
always very pleased with the 
British computer experts we 
recruit for them.” says Jenny 
Lane, of the Computer People 
Group. “We find that because 
of their education and experi- 
ence the British always im- 
press their American 

In Europe, too. the British 
are well regarded “The qual- 
ity of British computer staff is 
very high." says Mark Clif- 
ford of 1A Recruitment “and 
certainly tends to be ahead of. 
say, those in Holland and 
Belgium. Only perhaps in 
Germany are the skills of a 
simitar standard The result is 
that we have no difficulty in 
placing British computing 
staff into overseas jobs.” 

What firms look for fust is 
the applicant's technical 
expertise, so the absence of 
linguistic skills among British 
computing staff is seldom a 

Many multinationals in 
northern Europe either have 

Mark Clifford: ‘Quality 1 

English as the company lan- 
guage or are involved in 
producing software for the 
English-speaking market, so 
manuals and training packs 
are written in English. 

Even so. the opportunities 
would be even greater if more 

Britons could speak French or 
Dutch. “The prospects within 
the EEC are exiremely good 
and so is the reputation of our 
experts. The only thing bold- 
ing them back is their inability 
to speak the language,” says 
Mr Clifford 

In America, of course, no 
such problems arise, although 
would-be emigrants have last- 
minute anxieties about the 
cultural shock that awaits 
them. To make a success of an 
overseas career move, com- 
puter professionals need to be 
highly adaptable. 

Because such people are 
usually going to a responsible 
and well-paid job they will Be 
expected to produce results 
quickly. The technical aspects 
of the work will probably 

present lew problems, but 
adapting to a different ethos 
and attitude may be more 

Even on the financial front 
the large salaries on offer may 
not go as far as you think if 
your office is in Manhattan 
and you need to find a flat in 
New York. 

Maybe it is the pace of life in 
America which results in the 
upper-age bracket for jobs 
there being around 35 while in 
Europe there is no comparable 
age barrier. “Companies on 
the Continent are buying your 
expertise and if you’re in your 
forties, it doesn’t matter ” says 
Mr Gifford 

Probably one of the best 
ways to make the move 
overseas is through contract 
work. It gives the chance, over 
a year or two, to taste the 
experience, and establish con- 
tacts while benefiting from die 
support given by an agency. 

Contract work in the United 
States is often paid at rales 
equal to the full-tune salaries 
of the locals. While this is not 
as much as an American on 
contract would earn, it makes 
it worthwhile for the company 
and avoids the situation com- 
mon in the Middle East, where 
different nationalities doing 
identical jobs can be paid 
vastly differing salaries as they 
are paid at a level based on 
salaries in their home 

One reassuring feature 
about this new bam drain is 
that it is not permanent 
Although many British ex- 
perts are going overseas, most 
of them return home in due 
course, bringing with them 
wider experience to the benefit 
of the British industry. 

What has also been notice- 
able to the international 
recruitment agencies is the 
number of approaches which 
. they are now receiving from 
computer staff overseas — 
particularly white South Af- 
ricans now — hoping to get 
jobs in Britain. Although there 
may be concern about British 
expertise going abroad it 
would be mistaken to assume 
that it is a one-way street 



The instruction Set is one of Europe’s 
leading systems houses in Technology Transfer 
and requires experienced consultants to 
contribute to their continued expansion. 

Candidates should have 2 years' 
experience in the design and implementation of 
UNIX® systems at kernel level. They should also 
have an understanding of distributed filesystems 
and problems associated with the 
implementation of network services at user and 
kernel level. 

Please write, enclosing CV to: 

The Technical Director, The Instruction Set Ltd, 
City House, 190 City Road. London EC1V 2QH. 





At RAF Brampton, near Huntingdon, the Ministry of Defence 
operates a suite of advanced computers designed to undertake a 
wide range of tasks. The Ministry is seeking to strengthen its 
existing team by the appointment of 3 senior people who will be 
responsible for the current operation and future development of 
the facility. 

Chief Systems Analyst 

... to play an important role in the design and implementation 
of advanced systems for database management, on-line interactive 
storage and retrieval, report generation, electronic mail, systems 
networking and graphics. Ren SA/28/FMA. 

Chief Programmer 

... to lead a team of programmers and to be responsible for die 
design of all programming systems, preparation of detailed specifi- 
cations and for defining and maintaining professional standards of 
programming practice, documentation and production control. 
Ref: SA/29/FM A. 

Operations Manager 

... to lead and develop a team responsible for the operation 
and maintenance of an extensive and expanding computer 
configuration engaged in a wide range of batch and on-line 
operating software, commercial and contract packages, the 
implementation of new applications and planning for future 
requirements. A good knowledge of hardware, systems 
software and operating systems is essential. Reft SA/3Q/FMA- 
For all the above posts you must have relev-ant experience in 
some or all of the following: systems analysis/design, systems 
applications programming, computer operations and computer 

Senior Scientific Officer £10.5 55 -£13,760. A good honours 
degree in an appropriate subject and at least 4 years* relevant 
post-graduate experience. 

For further details and an application form (to be returned by 
26 September 1986) write to Ministry of Defence, Room 8104, 
CM(S)lc.\ St. Christopher House. Southwark Street, 

London SE1 OTD. 

Please quote appropriate reference number. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 






One of (fie great ironies of the 
employment scene in Britain 
today is die fret that the 
iod astral sector pledged to 
provide jobs for die future is 
unable to satisfy its own 
manpower needs in the 


The career of the Education 
Secretary, Kenneth Baker, 
mirrors the problem. As 
Information Technology Min- 
ister three years ago. Baker 
said that information technol- 
ogy would be “the 

powerhouse” of the comatry’s 
economy in the next centoy. 

Last month a report on 
teaching showed him an 
abnamg shortage of t e a cher s 
la technical and scientific 
subjects. It looks as though a 
vicious circle has bees dosed 
— too few teaches, too few 
qualified graduates, too few 
information technology pro- 
fessionals. The powerhouse 
coaid be seriously 

The computer industry’s 
shortage of skilled personnel 
has been chronically acate to 
the data processing depart- 
ments of the country's firms 
and Ins ti tu ti ons. Here, the 
co n sequences of manpower 
shortages are well known as a 
fact of life - the postponement 
or cancellation erf new projects, 
the gradual deterioration of 
existing systems and low mo- 
rale with staff ru nni ng to 

The severity of the man- 
power shortage is apparent 
from a number of factors: 

• Overall systems develop- 
ment needs are c on tin u m g to 

• Selectively, the level of 
profidency in demand is grow- 

• Recr uitm ent budgets are 
virtually static 

In short the demand for a 
resource already in short sup- 
ply is increasiBg hot the means 
of satisfying demand are 

standing stiU. 

A new report. The DP 
1 Recr uitm e n t Sumy 1986, 
measures the problems in 
some detail, looking at the 
different categories of. staff 
involved. * It finds that the 
shortfall is most marked 
among systems development 
staff — programmers who 
write the computer sys te ms 
and the analysts who en sm e 
that they reflect business re- 

Nationally, data procesaug 
departments will need to in- 
crease their manpower to this 
area by about 18 per cent 
between the beginning of 1985 
and the end of next year. At 
the average (JK mstaliatxra, 
with 20 development staff, that 
c odd effectively mean finding 
four or five additions. 

On top of this, departments 
will have to replace the staff 
they lose. With the demaod so 
acute specialist programmers 
areal premium and companies 
can expect perhaps 20 per cent 
of their complement to be 
seduced away dining the year 
with higher salaries. The num- 
ber of new software specialists 
needed by the end of 1987 
leaps to nine or ten — 
approaching 25 per cent of the 
average installation’s current 

Strong need for 
writers of code 

At the same time, the de- 
mand for management staff, 
specialist administrators and 
computer operators continoes 
to grow at a less frantic pace. 
But the compnter 
professional’s standard career 
path, moving from pro- 
grammer to systems analyst to 
senior analyst and into 
management, will take a cer- 
tain proportion of a company’s 
valuable development staff 
away from the coal-face. The 
pressure on the remaining 
programmers and analysts is 
sure to increase. 

Computer suppliers have 
attacked the problem them- 
selves over the years. The 
software companies’ packa g ed 
programs take the program- 
ming burden off the end user, 
white foarth generation lan- 
guages and other program- 
ming tools make it easier for 
people to produce and service 
their own programs. But the 
demand curve for writers of 
code is stiU upward, and that 
for programmers of greater 
versatility is even steeper. 

The report was compiled 
from a survey of 1,100 data 
processing managers. By job 
category it details the current 
strength of data processing 
departments and estimates the 
likely recruitment require- 
ments of staff turnovers. 

One of its most te l li ng 
discoveries is that data 
processing managers are *B- 
pbced to make good the 
numbers. Of those with a, 
specific budget allocation for 
DP recruitment, only ten per 
cent expected the sum avail- 
able to be increased by more 
than the rate of wage inflation 
this year. 

The ’DP Recruitment Survey 
1986 costs £50 from East Side 
Publications, 326 St John 
Street, London EC1. 

Norton ? Rose ? Botterell&Roche 

Legal Librarians 

Norton, Rose, Botterell & Roche, the City of London law firm, has embarked 
on a maj or expansion of its Information and Computer Services. It now seeks 
applications for the following posts: 

Chief Librarian 
(Ref CL) 

The Chief Librarian will be responsible fbr supervision of professional 
and non-professional library stair, ad min istration of the Run s extensive 
library, maintenance and promotion of a comprehensive library 
information service and setting up and implementing a computer-based 
information retrieval system for the library. 

Applicants should have a professional qualification in Librananship; a 
degree, preferably in Law, would be an advantage. The successful applicant 
is likely to have had several years experience working in a Law or 
Cnmmrrrial library and have knowledge of computer-based retrieval 

Library Assistant 

We also seek a Library Assistant to deal with enquiry and information 
work, cataloguing, indexing and general library duties. 

Applicants should either be newly-qualified librarians or have experience 
in a Law or Commercial library. A knowledge and interest in 
computer-based information retrieval systems would also be an advantage. 

The salary and benefits package is attractive and the working environment 

Applications, quoting the appropriate reference and accompanied by a curriculum vitae, 
should be forwarded to: 

Robert Staveley, 

Norton, Rose, Bottereu & Roche, 

Kempson House, Camomile Street, 

London EC3 A 7 AN 




3 Mi.': i a’- 



An ideal opportunity fbr personal scope 
and career development. 

CBS Records, one of the UK’s leading- 
music and entertainment companies 
currently has a rare opportunity fbr a 
young solicitor or barrister to join UK head- 
quarters in Soho Square, London W1. 

This position offers excellent prospects to 
the man or woman who can utilise theft- 
two years qualified experience, ideally in 
the music business, in the drafting of all 
company contracts and licences. This is a 
key aspect of our business with absolutely 
no margin for error, so professional compe- 
tence is paramount 

Personal maturity and first class communi- 
cation skills will prime you for this role, the 
scope of which is faulted only by your 

The rewards, just like the prospects, 
couldn’t be better. In addition to a very 
competitive salary we are offering a sub- 
stantial package of big Company benefits. 

Please write enclosing a detailed CV to 
The Personnel Director, CBS Records, 17- 
19 Soho Square, London, W1V 6HE. 

Meredith Scott 


Toe. £30,000 

Major ECS practice seeks Softcitor. minimum t year ad- 
mitted tor interesting combination of international capital 
market corpor ate and bond issue work. 


To £30,000 

SoSdtor with minimum 2 years experience sought by 
prestigious EC1 practice for commercial workload. 


c. £26,000 


Lawyer, aged up to 32. sought by City practice. 


MIXED CONVEYANCING with medium sized WC1 

COMMERCIAL LITIGATION far nwjor EC* practice. 
COMPANY/COMMERCIAL work with EC2 practice. 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY with major EC* practice. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

^ 17 Fleet Street, London EC4Y 1AA ^ 

*01-583 0655 ar QI-S41 3897 (after office hrs)/ 

Gabriel Duffy Consultanc] 

COMPANY/COMMHICfAL £ Highly negofiaUe 

We cwrently have a number of vacancies for qualified 

Soflmore 0 -4years experience to handle a wide 
variety of high quafity company and commercial work - 
with me opportunity in several cases to specialise In 

A • • 



Quality case load and good prospects at ma- 
jor (Sty practice or ca&re IP Lawyer of upto 5 
years PQE. 


Rewarding work and friendly atmosphere at 
major Central London practice for ambitious 
lawyer ranging from newty qualified to 3 years 


Respected City practice seeks capable litiga- 
tor of upto 2 years PQE Good prospects. 


Opportunity in venture capital/joint ventures. 
At eminent City practice. Superb career 
development ...» 

J&v t PersonneC 

SWff specialists to th* tegaf profession •orkhwiB 
35 Aldwyrt. London WC2B 4JF. Tfet 01-242 1281 
(aisapfoag afar office hoars) 


Vacandw f m aate U y si wBncte in London and South East En- 
gtofld ter Bantetareotracant cat dtfy.weaMy or monthly tas& 
may to pces&to dependnp on B refo U fr. 

Please send U Curriculum Vitae bi aW c tast con fctenc a to 
BOX A31 

News Int erna tional 
PO Box 484 
Virginia St reet 
London El 9 OD 

Our clients, who range from sma8 provincial Arms to 
motor City practices, seek highly motivated, enthusi- 
astic candidates who have a good academic 
jg fflro und and haye gained good relevant experi- 
ence ekher during Articles or poat-quafificatton. 

P“s**y fo some in- 
stances ofworidng in an overseas office wtB be 
offered to the successful appli ca nt 

For further information please rmtert 
Claire Wiseman at 


2nd Floor 

31 Southampton Row 
London WC1B SHJ 
Dayton* telephone number 831 2288 
Evenings and Weekends 740 0289 



Applications are invited from Solid tors or Banis- 
ters or persons on the point of qualifying as suchft* 
2 professional trainee posts that are vacant in 

S a wSdSt2° e b8Sed “ AI<teshot *** *** other 

Applicants should be persons wishing in oersue a 

w*. Salary Will be within the range £8.239 m 

of clrt - 

boih posts unless die contrary is indicated. ™ 
t£ rv£!!?L LLa ’ SS***™' w toe Justices. 
GU I MNy“° U *’ QV1C CeW Aktosb <* 

V-w 1 

£ k >, 

. a***-.** '% k'US 

v : ,‘ . : -The Rdelity Group 1 l sa ^ablythemc^successfufetmentorganisation 

' H I inthe world. Inthe past 12yea thefunds undertheir 

f ovlr£35CK)0 andre currently runningat 

| ftiis spectacular level of success I has been acl/^ed by a combination of 

■jH — | — - 7 - — : — 1 outstontf ng/vestment performance, 

Hr • I superior service, advanced intbnriati'onitemsandtfieconripany's 

■‘‘•■'■I 3 ' I mOStv^ll IpKIq 

most valuable asset - high calibre i 

7* ; I de ^[op new financial markets. This ro is fulfilled by the marketing 

‘■'P: 2 -•» 

V* 1: ^nt « 

' ° r f 


A P«ICf! 

• * * r ? jji 

- 1 '• SHd business development grouped Rdelity new requires 

* - Corporate Lawyer to work alongsfdfe highly motivated team 

Z . ;- of professionals. / 

I the successful anniiranf should be a gi/uate aged around 30 with an 

- e success ‘ ul applicant under5 ia nC jinifth e legal and fiscal aspects of 

corporatestructure, gained posar with a lawfirm or multi-national 
company Specific responsibility*!! include shareholder regis- 
j f tration, prospectus and produdevelopmentwork, company 

1 1 secretarial matters and advice/ such issues as tax haven juris- 

I f . diction and the newregulatory/vironmentin theCiiy Knowledge 
[ > . of U.S. corporate law would aisfae an advantage. 

'ThisKakPvnn^nn I within the comr}X and you will be reportingdirectfy 
jnisisak^posrtion | to the Managprectoc \bu shouWteve a fresh, 

highly creative approach thcomplements the marketingteam, 

; : and be equally as motivate? 5 you will be given the freedom to 

./ develop this position toyo'jnaxirnurn potential. 

fcu" — — — 1 -10 will include a significant salary a cai; 

yThe opportunities are excellent generous bonus, non-contributory 

pension, private health - re and free life assuranca If you would 
like to join a progressto^xpariding company please send a full 
r ■ c.v. to: Les Hart, Intentional Personnel Director, Fidelity Inter- 
^ national Managements fed, 25 Lovat Lane, London EC3R 8LL 

This posiflon s open to new appfcan Is 1 


new yorkt^ nwm»-SYr ? -™ re ^ TOKY0 




i :t 1 

V * I s 

, !*( (si- 

Jdiliy Buddie. Weir 

& Finance Law 

A leafing New Zealand bar Ann, practising in the 
fields of corporate aid kaamafonti finance bw. requires 
experienced and highly motivated lawyers wfth City of 
London or equivaiert background 
Ov targe and growing Gompaty/commerdal bams in 
Auckland and MMBngtan already contain a significant 
number of young lawyers with Eogtish and North Ameri- 
can sxpenence, who have met the chaJtenge of 
confining their profe ssi on a l careen in the repefiy ex- 
psxting Aistrebsian commercial environment 
Our practice is international, aid avrantiy comprises 
more than 130 lawyers at pa rtner and staff level Pros- 
pects and remuieration reflect the standards we seek in 
our staft The quality of the New Zealand Restyle is a 
bonus which cannca be quantified. 

Whilst the oppottoratiss may be particularly suibbte 
for New Zealand quaffed sombre, athere with the right 
credentials should not he sita t e to reply. Two of our 
partners, both of whom emigrated ftm England to New 
Zealand within the last four yean, wM be n London in 
late September 1986 mdm bedetigtitod to inform and 
interview canrMates who may be interested in joking us 
now or in the future. 

Replies vrith curriculum v3ae and contact telephone 
number by 21st September to; 

NJJ. Ontteo 

c/o am a men d r Pndaohm Ud. 

32-34 onmt Moribomugh Str*rl 
Loudon W1 


urgently require 



to yyjcrf Partners at their Knuteford office to 

«tkI commercial conveya n c in g. 

Prospects for applicant of proven conunitasit 
and ability. 

The preferred applicant will have been admit- 
ted 2/3 years but a recently admitted applicant 
would be considered. 

Reply in w ri ti ng with curriculum vitae direct 

W. Stuart Hague St Co., 131 King Street, 



** S8fik 3 ■ 


To ioln toe* practice In Westminster to assist toe 
partner respowiH® *• tWs expanding flrtfl. and to 
provide support for this «otk in their offices At 
Chftlmstord and Oxford. 

Post quaNncadon experience Is essential. Soma 

imowriedge of corporate finance wodd be an advan- 
tftrw The successful candidate who demonstrates' 
drive and a&Mty w« have p art nership prospects. 

Apply to confidence with fufl C.V. tw - 

. MAP. Owston, 

1 Wmckwortti & Pembertoit, 

22 Greencoat Place, 

London, SW1P 1DY. 


Richards Butler 



Ridiards Butler urgently need a further young 
Solicitor to join their thriving Property 

The ideal applicant will have a minimum of one 
year’s post-qualification Commercial Property 
experience, but those qualifying in the Autumn, 
with good experience in Articles will be considered. 
The successful applicant will handle a wide variety 
of matters for a range of commercial clients and 
assist a Partner on more complex development 

The applicant who can demonstrate intellectual 
ability and commercial flair is assured of a 
challenging future and excellent prospects. A 
commensurate salary is offered within a friendly 
working environment. 

Please apply in writing to 
John Rainford 

or telephone him on 01-247 65S5. 

Richards Butler 


Secretary and 
Chief Executive 

£17,000 - £18,804 

Join an organisation where fringe benefits mean living and 
working on the doorstep of some of Britain's most beautiful 

. -Copeland, based on the fringe of the Lake District and including a 
' large area of the National Park, is offering this challenging 
. opportunity to head one of the two (fivsons to the Ouef 
Executive's Department. 

. You will head a division which incorporates both the Legal 
Section, providing legal services, including advice, guidance, 
conveyancing and EtigatkxT, and the Administration Section, 
which provides central administrative services and support to 
elected Members and to other Departments. . .> '* . 

You will also act as Secretary to the Council and te Committees 
I", 'and have responsibility ft* election management and electoral 
registration. * 

YbrrwSHtave ewfceSeht commurticaaiorrancf managerial skflfc, 
good afi round organisation^! abilities and are likely to be 
*8Bd ** 

N you. are a Saficitor or qualified Secretary or Adm i ni stra tor, with 
. _ Rbtodcgrqund.HvLocal Government and have extensive 
experience in and a comprehensive knowledge of Local 
Authority legal services and administrative systems and 
• procedures, we would Eke to hear from you. 

K you wish to discuss the position informally, please contact 
the Chief Executive (Neville Denson) on the telephone 
number below. 

_ Fufl details and application forms from die 

Asnatant Chief Executive (Management), 

PO Box 19, The Council Offices, 

Catherine Street, Whitehaven, Cumbria, 

CA28 7NY. T eleph on e: 0946 3TT1, fed 227. 
Completed forms should be returned by 
15 September 1966. 





Salary scales wfll bw de t e r m in ed according to qualifications 
and experience within the ranges £M93 - £11,676 p a. (Bea- 
consfieid) and CA391 - £11,574 ps. (Amershara). 

Applications are invited from solicitors, barristers and other per s ons 
quaNfisd in accordance with Justices* Claries’ (QuaSfication of Assis- 
tants) Rides 1979 to fO two vacancies for Court Clerks, one each at 
Amersham and Be aco nstWd Custs. The s uc cessful applicants wM 
have had experience to acting as Cleric in Court and persons capable of 
taking aS types of courts without supervision wM be preferred. The 
appointees wB also be e x pect e d to perform certain admfnfcrtratfve du- 
ties. The level at which the appointments are madewS depend on 
experience, abSty and qualifications. 

A review of salaries and grades wtthto the County Is at present taking 

CaR out fees and car user aBowances are paid, and removal arid 
relocation expanses will be paid in appropriate cases. 

Appficstfcmeghring fud detaffs of 
etc. together with toe names and 

of two persons to whoa 

, County HaU, Aylesbunr, HP20 1UA. 
Closing date Wi September. 

An Equal Opportunity Employer. 



Our CSient, a wdi-knewii and successful company based in the Midlands, is 
se^mgtorecniitakw^erirhusiastkSolidtorwithuptDZ years’ post-tjualificaoon 
experience to join their legal department 

™ , 755SiB l 'ntoi3ri' !aI r :d Tn , ‘ ' : : 



c £22,000 pa 

West Midlands 

A major West Midlands policy makirtg and adwscaybod(y 
working dosdy wifli local Government is seeking a 
qualified and expoienced man or woman to be its prime 
Legal Adviser, and to control its Secretarial 

In adtfition to the advisory role, resjxmsibflitMswin 
indode providing services as a Solicitor in the negotiation 
and drafting of oonunerdal transactions, property 
conveyandng, building and dvil engineering contracts, 
insurance arrangements, and legal representation. Hie 
position also carries responsibility for the preparation of 

Si'" » . ♦ ! I ^f- * > I ■ B W t ; i m 1 1 1 . -§ , j i \ 1 1 1 ) < -< m . i ! 1 1 at U 

assistance or a small Secretariat 

Tins is a senior role and as such calls fora qualified 
Sofititorwhh bread experience encompassing such areas 
as CrimmaL Contract and Company Law, Ibrts, Ihtsts and 
Conv eya n ci ng. Attest 8 years* relevant experience as a 
Solicitor and/or as a Secretary is essential, whether in 
commerce, industry or local government 

Salary depends on skills and experience, and will be 
enhanced by a range of farther benefits including an 
excellent superannuation scheme, car allowance and 

For further information arid an application form, 
please telephone Barrie Witt, Consultant on 021-455 6255 
(office hours) or 06845 66477 (evening?) 
or write with full cv to rrfLS 289, 

Austin Knight Selection, 

Tricorn House, 

51-53 Hagjey Road, 

Birmingham B16 SIP. y%IISflI] 



c. £18,000 per annum 

We are seeking a lawyer with at least five years local government 
experience to lead a team of lawyers and provide an advisory 
service to committees and tine managers in aU of the Council's 
departments. Also to ensure that the Council is properly repre- 
sented at Courts and Tribunals. 

The postholder wiH be expected to take a leading personal role in 
the more sensitive cases and appear occasionally for the Councti 
at County and Magistrates* Courts, Tiffiunals, Appeals and be- 
fore the Registrar an the High Court 

The post is graded at the top of the National Principal Officers 
Range 2. 

Formal applications by brief letter and C.V. with the names of two 
referees to the Head of Personnel & Productivity Services, Lon- 
don Borough of Croydon, Tabemer House, Park Lane, Croydon, 
CR9 3JS. Closing date: 17th September 1986. 

Informal enquiries to Mrs HaNigey, Senior A ssis t a n t Controtor 
of Administration on 01-686 4433 ExL 2314 (or the Controller on 
Ext 2312). 

An equal opportunity employer 


p lacements 



Our client, an established well known senior figure, wishes 
to join with others in forming a new style City firm main- 
taining the best traditions of the past to take advantage of 
the many new challenges resulting in particular from ‘Big 
Bang* and the march of high technology. 

Substantial Equity is available. 

Only firms or individuals with a quality base or following 
need apply. 

If the above is of iriterst please telephone or write, in the 
strictest confidence, to only ref DJW at Law Placements. 

LffffPbcaoentsL&L, 207, Fleet Soto, London BCf 2AB. Teh 01-353 5490(24 Hrs) 

wiy. ~~:X . 




There is « great damxnd 
for LOCUM solicitors 
ml Legal Execs. In al 
areas. Prospective 
Locums should cal us 
without delay. 

01-248 1139 

Advice given to self- 
emptoyed Looms reflanfina 
Accounts, Fees & Insurance. 

\ lie. K 





Recsered fix South London 
«fc mange. CaN aW^e- 
nentty staetad pram Bn* 
olfiBn. good pretpaetL Srihy 
Iqi enagmiL. - ' 

-ftepftf to BfflAa 


Legal Corps 

The Army’s legal service will recruit 
up to 5 qualified lawyers, in the rank of 
Captain, towards the end of 1986. 

A Selection Board wiH be held in Octobec 
Applicants should, preferably be 
between 24 and 30 years of age, and may 
be of either sex and from either branch of 
the legal profession. Some experience of 
advocacy would be aa advantage. 

The starting salary is £13454. Further 
details of the terms and conditions of 
service and trf the wwkafthe Army Legal 
Corps both at hrane and overseas, may be 
obtained by those interested from: 

Lieutenant Cokfflel A. R Norris OBE, 
MA, Directorate of Army Legal Services, 
Ministry of Defence (ALSI), Empress 
State Budding, London SW5 1TR. 

Tek 01-385 1244 Ext 3182. 

###ALC Officer 

PAGES 28 & 29 






From £33,000 

Aj^caifonsaremvited for Otis post which becomes vacant 
early in 1987 on the retirement of the present Chief Executive. 

The successful candidate will be in overall a dministrat ive 
control of the Corporation's operations and will lead an 
experienced multi-disciplined management team m thp 
continuing development of a highly successful NewTbwn. 

Maintenance of the Corporation's excellent record in the 
attraction of businesses and job creation is a vital part of the 
function and this will require a knowledge of the business world. 
No less desirable is the ability to foster healthy working 
relationships with national and local government and with 
government agencies. 

A proven track record of leadership and achievement, 
together with personal commitment, drive and enthusiasm will 
be absolutely essential for this post. 

Age is likely to be in the range of 40 to 55. The successful 
candidate will require to undergo a medical examination. 

Applicants are asked to write in confidence, sending full 
details including the names of two referees, to:- 
Robert Watt, Chairman, 

Livingst on Development Corporation, 

Sidlaw House, Livingston EH546QA. 

Envelopes should be marked “ Confidential" and 
applications must be received by 30 September 1986. 

The Disabled Living Foundation. 

Starting salary: £12,158 - £13,761 
(inclusive of London Weighting) 

(Second re-advertisement) 

The DFL, a London based national charity undertaking 
research and providing information on the resolution of the 
daily living problems experienced by all disabled people, seeks a 
foil-time Assistant General Secretary (Fundraising) for its new 
Fundraising Department. 

The successful application will be able to demonstrate consid- 
erable previous experience in planning and carrying out 
activities which have achieved their defined targets; foe ability 
to work independently but as part of a team; intelligence, real- 
ism, creativity and sensitivity; strong motivation; and; prefera- 
bly, experience of computers and word-processors. 

For the right person, this will be a challenging post in a caring 
environment. For application form, job description and/or fur- 
ther details, please contact:- 

^ The General Secretary 

The Disabled Living Foundation 
J LA u I 380-384 Harrow Road 

PSSflH London W92HU. 

» — 1 TeL- 01-289 6111 

Closing Date 12th Sept 1986 


£9, 117-El 1,973 inc. London Weighting 

Merton Social Services structure is based on local teams 
managing all services (i.e. field day and residential) to specific 
client groups. 

The Mitcham District Team requires social workers who have 
relevant training and experience to act as Approved Social 
Workers under the 1983 Mental Health Act They will be based 
in Famify Service Teams which include services for mentally ill 
people and child care work. 

For further information and to arrange an informal visit to the 
District Offices, please contact Miss Mavis Sutter, District 
Manager, on 640 1171. 

Application forms available from the Personal Services 
Department, Personnel Section (4th floor), Crown House, 
London Road. Morden, Surrey SM4 5DX. Tel: 01-545 

Closing date: 5th September 1986. 

Merton is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 




Up 10 £15,111 pua. (pay award pending) phis essential car user 
Norfolk County Council has recently reorganised its Management Services Unit to 
provide an innovative and forward looking service capable of providing the 
“leading edge" in major initiatives across the whole spectrum of services. 

The dynamic initiative has created demanding new opportunities for ambitious Project 
Directors to manage teams of internal consultants who will develop the Unit on a 
commercial footing and pul Norfolk at die forefront 
You will be an adept problem solver and derision-maker with well developed 
leadership ability. Creative flair and the capacity for working under pressure are 
essential. You must have sufficient sound management experience of controlling and 
supervising projects to secure acceptance and implementation. Educated to degree 
level (or equivalent) you need a strong personality .good communication skills and tire 
capacity to make a significant impact in fresh areas or endeavour. 

The advantages oflhring and working in Norfolk are many— an attractive, and thriving 
environment that encourages enterprise— excellent amenities — reasonably priced 
housing ami attractive countryside A relocation package is available to bdp you to 
move to this delightful area. 

please telephone Norwich (0605) 611122 exL 5337 for farther details and an 

Ten; Deforidge ext 5174. Owing date: 15th September 1986. 

27 Catherine Street 
Covent Carden 
London WC2 
Tel: 01-379 7816 


• Experienced and qualified l 

• Long and short term assignments 

• All client groups 

• Phone or Call in now 


Phone Julia Kwest on 01-379 7816 (Social Care Division). 



Conveyancing Executive « » 

(£9,591) maximum, 
dependent on experience 

The jnb 

Hove is a forward-thinking modem authority comnut- 
rnd to producing results for its residents- Its cost- 
effective housekeeping methods have produced a nS 
Borough rate - a first m municipal history. The Coun- 
cil is a«a making a splash in the leisure field. The in- 
house roam of lawyers are youthful, motivated and 
energetic: their case load is varied and challenging. 
Thay make a positive contribution to the planning and 
housrig poides of a Borough determined to me t nu wi 
its architectural environment as a (kstinguished resort 
and to improve its housing stock. 

We are looking for a conveyancing executive (pref- 
erably FILEX] who has a flair for complicated 
transactions and a proven wilingness to adapt to the 
Council's needs. A s ub st an tial proportion of the job 
involves Counci house sales (which are on the in- 
crease) and experience of this specialism wiB be an 
advantage, but the successful applicant wfll deputise 
for and work under the senior conveyancer and wfll 
need the talent and abSty to work at short notice on 
heavy-weight jobs with minimum supervision. 

The package 

Hove offers the right appfcant pleasant modem of- 
fices near the seafront, subsidised municipal leisure 
faculties, social dub and good communications net- 
work to London, outstanding Sussex countryside and 
the south coast resorts. Temporary housing accom- 
modation may be available (as ap pro p ria te) and 
relocation costs (max £3, 135), fufl removal expenses 
and lodging aflowances are payable. 

The next step 

Ring John Hays on Brighton (0273) 775400 exL 
2154 for informal cBscussfon or Erica Hobbs on ext. 
2323 for recruitment ponfoGo, or write to Personnel 
Services, Town Hafl, Norton Road. Hove, East Sussex 
BN3 4 AH. 

CLOSMG DATE: 12th September 1986 


The Secretary is retiring on 31st 
December; 1986, and as a successor the 
Institute seeks an experienced person 
with all-round manag ement skills. This 
is .a most interesting and varied job for a 
personally compatible senior executive 
who knows how to get the best out of 
colleagues at all levels and can react to a 
wide variety of tasks. 

The Secretary is responsible for fulfilling 
all the statutory obligations of a Royal 
Charter body. Within the Institute’s 
senior management structure, the 
Secretary is the Director who has 
functional responsibility for providing 
the full range of personnel, financial and 
office services and the person appointed 
would be expected to play an active role 
in the development and management of 
the work of the Institute. 

The salary will be within the range 
£28,000 to £32,500 plus a contributory 
pension scheme. 

Applications with foil C-V. to the 
Director-General, City & Guilds of 
London Institute, 76 Portland Place, 
London WIN 4AAby 22 August 1986 
quoting reference BBP. 

City and Gu9ds 

District Secretary's Department 




Scale 5/6 (£7920-£9591) 

An opportunity exists for a person wiling to work on all 
committees to join a small team. AbiBy to contribute to 
pofley making, report and minuta writing is a 

For more information, please contact Mr John Bates, 
on 0638 716000 exL 310. Application forms are avail- 
able from the Personnel Officer. District Offices. 
College Heath Road, MfldenhaO. Suffolk IP28 7EY. 
Lodgings allowances and relocation expenses are 
available in relevant cases and temporary accommoda- 
tion can be made available if required, 
dosing date for receipt of completed app licat ion 
forms is 12th September 1966. 






The Institute undertakes management education, 
research and consultancy for local government in 
Britain and the public service in Third World 
countries. It is a seif-financing organisation 
within fire University with 75 academic and sup- 
port staff and an annual budget of £2 ndfion. 

A vacancy exists for an A dmi ni s tr a tor to be re- 
sponsible to the Director for financial 
management, committee servicing and general 
administrative support. 

Candidates should have good honours degree or 
equivalent professional qualification and relevant 
administrative experience. Negotiating skills are 
important. Salary .on the scale £12,280 to 
£15,700 (subject to review) plus USS. Further 
particulars and application forms available from 
Senior Assistant Secretary, University of Bir- 
mingham, P O Box 363, Birmingham, B15 2TT, 
to whom applicants should be sent by 27 Sep- 
tember 1986. 

An Equal Opportunities Employer. 


Hanbury Botanical Gardens 

The University of Genoa (Italy), having recently taken scien- 
tific charge over the Hanbury Botanical Gardens at Mortals 
(Ventimiglia), intends to let out on contract the service 
connected with the opening of the same Botanical Gardens 
to the public. 

Whoever is interested in organizing and carrying ofi the 
service is asked to apply with any useful references to: The , 
Rector. University di Genova, Via Balbi 5, 16124 Genova 
(Italy), tailing due on September 10th. 

The candidate grantee will have to vouch for an adequate 1 
implementation of the service with a reliable degree of i 
technical competence. 

The University Rector 
Enrico Benrametti 


Through the museum door 

If you see museum work as "quite a nice 
career" U is probably not the one for you. 
It is for those who are very keen and have 
the tenacity and determination to 
progress in a job-competitive field where 
remuneration is generally far from 
spectacular and. at least in private 
museums, job security cannot be 

Rare is the person who can advance in 
a museum career without a degree — a 
very few do. but they are exceptions. So 
aim fora good degree relevant to the type 
of work you intend to pursue. It could be 
in arts or sciences. If your interest is in 
conservation, you will need chemistry, 
physics or materials science. Industrial, 
science and natural history museums 
like an appropriate science degree. 

ir is also important to glean experience 
through voluntary work If you started at 
O level stage, so much the' better. If not. 
stan as soon as possible. Whether in 
museums or on “digs." it will help you 
discover if this work is right for you, and 
you will have an advantage when you 
apply for jobs. 

Armed with a good degree, your next 
step should be to apply to take a one-year 
postgraduate course. People interested in 
museum work in fine or decorative arts 
should contact Manchester University's 
department of art history about their 
course in gallery and museum studies. 

Leicester University's department of 
museum studies offers training in other 
aspects, and evidence of “vocational 
intention" is one of the entry require- 
ments. Non-graduates who pass a 

Volunteer work is a useful 
way to obtain experience 

qualifying exam may be admitted in 
special cases. As well as a thorough 
grounding in museum work, plus work 
experience, students specialize in one of 
six subjects: archaeology, geology, his- 
tory of technology, history, natural 
history, museum education services. 

“The course is always over-subscribed 
— this is a popular career because there is 
so much variety in so many different 
fields." says Geoffrey Lewis, head of the 
department, which also provides MA 
and MSc courses in museum studies. His 
certificate students go on to a wide range 
of work, sometimes in one of the small, 
privately run museums which in the past 
decade have become a growth area. 

At 26. Nigel Nixon is keeper of 
collections at Quarry Bank Mill, a textile 
museum run by an independent char- 
itable trust at Styal, Cheshire, where he 
has been since 1984. His work includes 
caring for the collections (cataloguing, 
documenting, conserving); developing 
permanent displays by co-ordinating 
research: and running temporary 

Quarry Bank is a “vital, lively, 
working museum requiring a lot of 
energy and creativity" and producing 
textile goods for sale in the museum 
shop. Nigel, who graduated in history 
from Manchester and took folk history 

Museuimvork is for the 
dedicate* ind tenacious. 
Sally Wi\ts examines 
some of fle best ways 
to enter iifj progress 
in this spdalist field 

out to be 
gement is 
aging my 

as his subject optinat Leicester, has the Greater London area — a far cry frorr 
been a volunteer in aWeiy of museums his start as an O level pupil helping wiit 

and finds the indepednt ones specially excavations, a. holiday activity that one* 
stimulating. \ look him to Austria. During his univer 

“They offer a lot ofcqpe and areas of sity vacation he also worked on trans- 
responsibility — marktiW publications, actions in the archaeology department ol 

management organirigfcpecial events, a Midlands museum, 
so you must be flexitt to meet the g y time Nick graduated from 
challenge. There is a loi fWeekend work Cambridge he had decided on 3 museum 
and fairly long hours. Bite established career and. with a First in archaeology, 
local authority rnusem Vjffers fewer ^ accepicd both for the Leicester 
chances to use your mrtuiV and , 0 wor fc for a PhD ai 

“The practical aspect syiial: I had Cambridge. After Leicester he relumed 
done woodwork, which teAd ou t to be lo his old university and had put in two 
very useful. A grasp of mLgemeni is and a half years on his doctorate when he 

also very important - ranging my began his present job in April, 

team is a major job. V His wof ^ i nc j uc fc care 0 f fo e 

The Museums AssocnW also collections, planning a redisplay of the 
emphasizes that managemet hulls are prc -hisioric ones, formulating projects, 
increasingly being sought by ifceums- writing both popular and academic 
and this autumn it is mountigV,anage- papers - and additionally he still has the 
ment courses for the first time.Bcept in greater part of his thesis to write. 

national museums, curatorial tff need . , , . , . . . 

administrative as well as ■ddemte Job seeker sh °^ ld 

ability.) T advertised in the monthly .Museums 

Scottish museums have adjnger 11 1 

managerial approach than iheiirtgiish It Is & very rewarding career 

but generally not lucrative 

and Museum at Stirling. In IkVast . . ... 

. museums have no! seen UiemselvsL a j Bulletin, published by the Museums 

business but now, she says, they rate Association. (Do not limit yourself to 
the necessity of management techncfc museums in your home area - as Nick 

to motivate staff and get full value for V says, you must be prepared to move 

money they spend. \ around.) Even so, it is uncertain how 

Deborah, who has a Glasgow M\ tong you may have to wail 10 find a job. 
honours degree in medieval history an\ "Wh so one * 

archaeology, experimented with journal specially in national . 

ism for a few years after graduating. OnS For new unemployed ^aduates tryii^ 
fob was next door to Manchester^ 0 gam experience, there may be 
Museum and it was here that she became opportunities 10 join an MSC museum- 

interested in her future career and spent 
18 months on an MSC project in the 
archaeology department It gave her an 
insight into museum life and led her to 
apply for the Leicester course. 

When she left in 1979 she spent some 
months with a local archaeological field 
unit then became curator with 
responsibility for setting up a museum 
north of Glasgow. Three years later she 
landed her present job in an independent - 
trust museum with local authority 
funding so it combines both aspects. 

“To work m a museum you must care 
about people and provide a service; this 
requires insight, understanding and bo* 
ing responsive to all types of people," 
says Deborah, who is in her early thirties 
and has had the distinction of seeing one 
of her ventures win the Scottish Museum 
. of the- Year award. “Beginners should be 

ised project, so make inquiries. 

The Museums Association suggests 

I lxioks: Museums ana Gal- 
t Britain and Ireland, from 
: Publications. 10 help you 
museums with a view to 
irk, and Careers in Muse- 
Galleries, by Neil Wenbora 
for anyone considering this 

1 to curatorial work, there 
designers, education staff, 
design technicians and 
staff, who need at least two 
in chemistry, but preferably 
is a relevant qualification 
iiploma in restoring oil 
for print and drawing 
>r'a certificate in textile 

l ssociation. 34 Bloomsbury 

t _ __ t _ _ a Considerable involvemeL u,*, initial 

I /If ° f H V c «^ ined 

XsKs |/i/ # I Department will be essenbalg ether ^ on _ 

. J ^ gmngresponsibility implementing 

TT 1 • m t Council policies tn suchUg as planning, 

r /?iir/7 i transportation, waste di^, the 

A-ifii/ii unrnvnLUi ss' t ^ )OTmo w sand 

Candidates, male or female, L. have 


c. £ 32,000 

Berkshire has faced, and continues to face, 
marked growth in population, housing and 
employment, with their related transport needs. 
As a result considerable planning and 
transportation proHems nave tobe dealt with. 

In order to sharpen their response to these 
problems, the County Coundlhas decided to 
combine the activities of the Planning and 
Surveyor's Departments under the overall 
control of a Director of Environmental Services. 

This new appointment, which will provide 
both major challenges and opportunities, carries 

substantial managerial ability arLpe: 
gained in either the public or pr£>*se 
well as a degree and/or equivaleirofi 
quaiiBcbtion(s) relevant to the w<w * 
Department T 

The position is offered fora fixeL^ 
years at an initial salary around £3ho 
award pending). Benefits include 4t 
with relocation where appropriate,!^ 
allowance or leasing scheme. \ 
Further details and application fot 
returnable by Monday 22 September 
available from: The Head of Manpcni 
Services, Royal County of Berkshire, ! 
Shinfield Park, Reading, Berkshire R 
Telephone: Reading (0734) 875444, e 

je sector, as 
r< tofthe 

m of five 
3 (pay 


Environment Committee for the County's 
environmental programmes. 

Royal Court 
**7? of Berkshiri 

An Equal Opportunity Employe 

Exciting peaces to fill 

Wiltshire County Council is committed to exploiting Information 
Technology to the fell in all departments in line with a stimulating 
‘Invest in Wiltshire’ campaign aimed at developing new and existing 
business within the Counry. We are already using fourth generation 
tools and techniques. We're seeking creative and ambitious people to 
maintain our momentum. 

Senior Systems Programmer 

Up to £13,850. A proven track record on C ICS systems in an MVS environ ment 
and a familiarity with Assembler is essential- You will play a prominent role in 
the selection and subsequent maintenance of software for our 16Mb IBM 3083 
EX and as your responsibilities will include supervising our teleprocessing team 
a pleasant, but authoritative maimer is called for. 

Research and Technical Officer 

Up to £13,600. A qualified accountant with initiative and a problem solving 
attitude, he or she will lead a small team carrying out reviews and research 
assignments for the Finance Department. 

Senior Auditor 

Up to £12,100. A qualified (or soon to qualify) accountant who will be second 
in command or 3 team concerned mainly with the Education Service. The 
emphasis of the post isan value for money studies, al though there is some probity 
audit work. abeautiful place 


Wiltshire is one or Britain's most beautiful 
co un ties with a wealth of leisure activities. Vtorking conditions are excellent and 
include Qesriritue. A generous relocation package is available. 

Further details from Sonia Clark. Finance Department, County Hall, 

County Council 



A guide to 
career choice 

sure museum work is whai they really 
want, ihcn be determined about pursu- 
ing their career." 

Nick Memman.alsoa Leicester post- 
graduate sludenL agrees about the need 
10 be sure vou have chosen the right 
career. “It is not the most lucrative woric, 
vet is very rewarding, but you must be 
prepared io move around." he says. 

Nick. 26. is assistant keeper of 
antiquities at the Museum of London's 
pre-historic and Roman department. 
Here he is responsible for pre-history in 
the Greater London area - a far cry from 
his start as an O level pupil helping with 
excavations, a holiday activity that once 
look him to Austria. During his univer- 
sity vacation he also worked on trans- 
actions in the archaeology department of 
a Midlands museum. 

By the time Nick graduated from 
Cambridge he had decided on a museum 
career and. with a First in archaeology, 
was accepted both for the Leicester 
course and to work for a PhD at 
Cambridge. After Leicester he returned 
to his old university and had put in two 
and a half years on his doctorate when he 
began his present job in April. 

His work will include care of the 
collections, planning a redisplay of the 
prc-hisioric ones, formulating projects, 
writing both popular and academic 
papers - and additionally he still has the 
greater pan of his thesis to write. 

Job seekers should study the vacancies 
advertised in the monthly Museums 

It Is a very rewarding career 
but gen erally not lucrative 

Bulletin , published by the Museums 
Association. (Do not limit yourself to 
museums in your home area — as Nick 
says, you must be prepared to move 
around.) Even so, it is uncertain how 
tong you may have to wait to find a job, 
with so many applicants for each one, 
specially in national museums. 

For oew^ unemployed graduates trying 
lio gain experience, there may be 


■ ■ a 

• • 'N. 

: S... 

' .i. . V 

^ if 

_“ 4,s, »“HurJ 

5 '.:: :.'-V 



If You Thought Kingston Was 
A Professional Backwater 
Take a Closer Look At Our 
Approach To Child Care. 

you’ve ever thought about Kingston at a 
wy considered as to be just one of outer Lc 
warns - so yoaU probably be surprised 

for a scare, we’re committed to recognising duldiea’s right s 
as individuals and the viol part young people can play in 
planning and developing individual «n l nti on« to theirowa 
Individual needs. 

When a young person is placed In oar care; we work 
hand-in-hand with and their famil y, involvin g iivni as 
niudi as possible in plannin g and <lwi « inn malring 

Wc also encourage the development of community 

itself is an excellent area in which to work. It is 

ai ibiiiiii cnvifooiDcnc I 

alternatives toiewdcndal cate, re cognisin g that because 
l a d Md ait fc needs are different. the s er v ice we offer them has 
to be as floriUe as possible: Re si dent ia l Social ’Bbrk w come 
within die same management structure as their field ad- 
fcagaes and a high level of co-oper at ion, and joint-work is 
enco u ra g ed. TO? are also setting ap more and more indepen- 
dence units to allow on-going support and more effective 
aftercare ne tworks . 

: vr major 

. _ - _ — — B x „ centres and u 

withm easy ttavdling distance ofe v ei y t hin g th at Lon d o n has and aidaongh die accommooadoo m dre central 
co offer, bin far enough away froth toe cky to have its own can be quire expensive, there are much more a 
local d urac t et and be surprisingly count ri fied. within easy reach of the Boronah- 

whhin easy reach of the Borough. 

(too area 

Our progressive approadi to child care has made Kingston a parities for eareerdeu d o pw e ui, staff meetings and wotkshops 

particularly exrinog place for a de di c ate d p rofess ional to and a regular shift pattern with alternate weekends oft 

work. Oar rnmrmnii em to re sp e ctin g individual n eed s The small size of our operating units also allows staff at 

extends to our staffasweOas those in our care. all levels co get fnfiy involved in the development and 

This is reflected in many benefits, inrinrf i ngv e iy so en g implnnenfiniQ n ofourp ohrirs . 

staff support and mmii^ pro g r amm e, cppop> 

nf - 


■ ... , . . i : l r'- 

r. . .AW ■ ii • 



of thnwto turo plfctf projects . 
aao wfeSc mMX3km:§eb . 

tbcW«inKtfw±. • 

t2towiifligc»wbfaBiCS<ircq» tf*jritra , 

&{B^ wliutht p9j^W)^wttno r ,wfao 
shotrid write or phooe foraottjjplkkrioa 
fcnn aadfrmW<fca#s, which vScqwxt 
TOltM l i to Ml fci Cnaael Mi hJU hfci 

V; : 

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DEPUTY HEAD OF HOME £9J904llWp*.iac. Asa 
Senior Residential Social Waiter you'll be w u rf un g ckwdy 
with the FRSW, helping to manage Four Oaks. You*! need . 
to have both leadership and teamwork dolls as you’ll be 
looking after the staff as wdl as the young people. 

The Ideal people will ham considerable relevant experi- 
ence, preferably wim CQSW/CSS, in order in make a major 
contnoution to our whew; approach to child care, and youH‘ 
be fx p wpcd to constantly (pwww and challenge the way 
things are done. Job Re£ j3 22. 

Tbe BcacousBM Conunumy Home This purpose- 
hu3t residama] home is now being sphr into smaller urns to 
provide more e ffe c tiv e rehabilitation facihfirs fire the 15 ado- 

lescems it caters fbt; and fire the 12 staff who work there. Staff 
support is soon to be enhanced hr a Staff Consultant. 

Tbe Poor Oaks Centre This is a molo- pur pose centre 
with 10 staff which provides »sh u i c -« nu » emer g e n cy reccp- . 

When we’rehohfing an OpenDxy to giv eyoua chance to have 
an mfixmallocric around the Borough and vfckFoar Oiks and 

RMmwfr ]»< Crwr^ nf nm- nAw i xiiUiriil rniriw Ifynn 

phone AddcWiher an 01-9W 1187 or Ian Gibson an 01-397 
0156. they’ll tell you more about the jobs, the Op en Day and 
send you a com p reh en sive information pack containing 
details of how to get m ns. 

non facility fire 8 ririldiea »«d, if necessary^ their w m ^ It 
also^ays a preventative rale, with some staff wotting with 

fimiltft m Ai m m m nn jf y M h#4p Bry rhildrpw w> n mjjng 

to come into care. 

As the Senior Residential Soda! TOrehcr be this centre 
will also be involved hi co-otdinating assessment, experience 
m gfirc «c aw a dtfit k mal i* yiiiwnHv. 

TO? are aho looking for: 

GRACE 4 RSWs £8,613 - £9^90^9,975 p.a. inc: 
to work m the Beaconsfidd Conumnrity Home. Ybo’d be 
w p urlwl lr» ImH Aifa and hgl p nimy lLlwnv L as well as 
act asa fink worker to individual adolescents, lob Re£ 34 04. 

GRADE 3 DAY/NIGHT RSW’s £7.593 - £8,406/ 
£8,847 p^. inc: yea’ll need to be pre pa red to move away 
from a traditional residential role, ana have the confidence to - 
work with children in a-idativdy unstructured setting. 
Job Reft 33 2Z - 

If yon would like details about Kinston and the joba 
currently o n o fa, just phone 01 -5462121 exl 3498 quoting 
appropriate job BfaBM e D um be r , or write to 

Staffing Officer (SS/HH), Guildhall, Khurton upon 
Thames, Surrey, KTl lEu. 

CkMiflK dme 20th September 1986. 



Borough Treasurer's De pa rtme n t 
PO (36-39) £1 2,1 68-£1 3.308 p.a. 

'(Ray Award Pending) 

Due to promotion of the previous posthofctor to a senior post with 
another Joc*f authority* vacancy has ariwn for the post of Chief 
Aucfit Assistant. 

An ambitious QPWVmenibir Is sough* who wdshes to utffiseffia 

wide mparianoa offarad to further hie or her career. The section 
under the poetfioldar's control cowers the wrfiole renga of the 
CouncTS activities in this popular South Coast hoBday resort and 
cross channel port. 

Generous ratacction experisria are avaDafale in apprtwad cases and 
temporary housing accotjimodagion may alto be available. 

Further dotaBs may be obtained from tfw Pneaonnal and 
Mene nemit Services S ectiorC Municipal Offl oait ftortli tt my, 
Weymouth DT4 OTA. or tel ep hone Weymouth 10306) 786301 
ext. 316. 

Ctoaing data for lacajptofiuiw^s^nwhcationfonna: _ 

Monday. aSepttmber. 1986. 61C . 

f Plpki jd Ashanaow, 
Sdeoce I si it nfnry MSSU 
vr, DaddHL Stotiv MhBMr 


Dspfwt af Pfcpfcswtf Mann, 

Nollard teace Sdeoce Ij hii f ry (HS^) 
HaMMiyXltey, Dadd^, Smy MM 



tapiesdona am fewUsd Ibr persons w*h Project 

space or commerc ia l software develop m ent 
activities, to act as the Protect Manager of the 
Product Support Tee m (PSr )re sp on ao e for th e 
specification of data products end processing 
ajgorithms for the UK ERS Data Centre. 1)10 Ur 
B 3S-DC is a major fatiRy to be constructed at 
the Royal Aircraft Estabfahment, FSmborough 
to process data tram the ESA remote aensfog 
satalfitB, ERS-l, due for launch in aarty 1990. 
The PST indudss sdentMa-ftom urfwrefty re- 
search groups, research insthutee and Industry 
with expenses in the analysis and Merpretation 
of radar md Wre-red remote sensing data, plus 
some U nowtedga of the remote sensing field 
wotrid be usefuL The project de fi nition to cur- 
randy weS advanced, with the implemen ta tion 
phase due to oommence in the Spring oM 987. 



£12,885-214,025 p^L 

Applications are invited for this third tier 
post from qualified Accountants, with suit- 
able experience. 

The postholder heads a team responsible 
for aB accountancy functions maturing final 
accounts, budgets, borrowing and insur- 
ance. The posthoider wffl represent the 
Treasurer at a number of Committaes. • 
The Authority seeks an enthusiastic quali- 
fied accountant with the dedication and 
managerial expertise to ensure the efficient 
functioning and development of this impor- 
tant section of the department 
A flexible working hours system is in opera- 
tion and a relocation package is avaSabie in 
appropriate cases. 

South Cambridgeshire is pleasantly rural 
with a population of 117,000 in 100 viBages 
surroundng the City of Cambridge. 
Applications for this post quoting the 
names of two referees, should be sent in 
writing to the Treasurer at South Cam- 
bridgeshire Hall, 9-11 Hills Road, 
Cambridge C82 1PB by 8th S e ptember 
1986. There are no application forms. 
Further details relating to the duties of the 
post may be obtained from the Treasurer on 
(0223) 351795, ext-240. 42C 

CM Shropshire 



Social Workers 

(nofl-acddeiital infuries unit) 
SW3 £8,979 - £10,638 
(salary award pemfing) 

Required to join a specia&st team based in 
Shrewsbury deaBng with physical and 
sexual abuse of children. Excellent oppor- 
tunity for specialisation with a small 
caseload. Applicants should ideaBy have 
experience in chad abuse procedures. In- 
formal enquiries to Mr C Brennan (0743- 
253984). Car loan or lease car faculties 
and relocation aBowances paid in ap- 
proved cases. 

Application forms and job descriptions 
from the Director of Social Services, 
Siberian, Abbey Foregate, Shrewsbury 
SY2 6ND (0743-253712). Closing date 
30th September 1986. 

t^LSnce fei BoMng Contro l? ^ 

H ao, join our emafl and energetic team as a 


You would be iwponaMe foe 

* examination of plans 

* sfta teep ecthnm h, TLUnn woria 
•overafi supervision or burang wonw 

. dwund is sM ert M sod Industrial area 
Watford is a M west 

TTi 1 U 4 • lUjlKi'eitl 

114 llm 




POST NO. 6/213 GRADE: SCALE 5/6 
SALARY: £7920 - £9591 





£13662-£14748 pa 



Salary c. £30^W pa. (aatfer review) 

Medica! staff will be remunerated in 
accordance with nationafly-agreed terms. 

The AuthoiiW seeks to appoint a Unit General 
Manager with a proven record of a c hi ev em ent. 
The successful candidate’s background may be 
withm the National Health Service; elsewhere in 
the Public Sector or in private industry, but 
he/she must show evidence of abffiy to man- 
age a large and complex organisation. 

The appointment wifl be for a period of up to 
five years in (be first instance, the contract util 
be renewable on an annual basis thereafter and 
subject to performance review. 

For further ■ to ra wfi ee plena entat Brian 
Janrfs, Director af PemaanaL West Bfniag- 
ham Heaflb Aathorfly, District Headquarters, 
Dudley Road Hospital, Bimtegltan BIS 7QM. 
let 021 554 Mlexteasioa 4302. 

Closing date for receipt of completed applica- 
tions: 19th September, 1986. 

West Birmingham Health Authority 
is an equal opportunity employer. 



Natioaa! Waterways Unseam 

Salary negotiable depending on experience and 
personal qualities, not less than £16,500 per 
a nnum, also an attractive range of employment 

This newly created post of director of National 
Waterways Museum offers a rare opportunity for 
thos8- seeking a chaflenging and stimulating ca- 
reer. The first phase of the Museum, which is 
located in the heart of the British Waterways 
Board Historic Gloucester Docks complex, is pro- 
grammed to be opened in 1967. 

The position cans for sound experience of Mu- 
seum management, with a knowledge or interest 
in the history of canals and waterways, and ex- 
perience of curating a similar type of collection. A 
combination of initiative, commercial aptitude and 
experience, management skills and leadership, to 
supervise the muttHSsdplinary museum team, 
are essential prerequisites for the post 

Please write for an application form to: 

1 ■ mm — — m^jLl — -V» a aaa - ■ 

rawwKf ijmmoti nr n 

Board, WBow Grange, Ctareb Road, Watford, 
Herts WD1 3QA, qaetiog itfanace number 

Ctosmg date: 1Mb Snphanlim 1986. 

A «anqr ntt lor m M 

OMna matt » tmo 120 as/om* 


lhBwori^cci»aWorap»« MOWji« aouanQiBoeoonx)MK 
wdh flodM miortwg ton in opnOau. 

TIM post arte ««^u^afc wwc».inctoaa g c» r toa n pratoi 
sod « genenxa Dafcrt«» AtoMnw Sotma wOh ivnfxxwy 
■xoranoteScn in apfrowa ew*. 

n> Ms ai i rtw i mm nnwiimm 

OaaicB onto, H wr-Q d iteBA WBiff^ii . nn w r. w 
T«i: dmt p ro *) *2iira an. 



Appear every Tuesday in 
The Times 

To place your 
please contact 
Steven Oxley on 
01 481 1066 





to £14,500 

British Coal has vacancies for solicitors in fts Regional Solicitor's office in 
Doncaster. This office provides comprehensive legal services to afi 
British Coal's formations based in the Yorkshire coalfield, including the 
purchasing and contracting headquarters of British Coal, its subsidiaries 
and ancillary companies. 

The work is wide-ranging and of high quality. British Coal carries its own 
insurance risk and the solicitor's office has an extensive workload of 
High Court personal injury and other litigation. Opportunities exist in the 
fields of property work, litigation, town and country planning, environ- 
mental and coal mining law, together with the commercial work arising 
from the purchasing and contracting operations. 

Candidates of ability and potential are sought Experience in these fields 
of work is not necessarily required and therefore these posts would 
probably suit solicitors who are up to 3 years’ qualified. 

Starting salary in the range £11,271 -£14,528 is anticipated (though for 
exceptional candidates higher amounts might be offered). Promotion 
prospects up to £24,828 are excellent and depend solely on the ability 
and performance of the individual 

Applicants should apply in writing by 17th September 1986 to:- 


Regional Solicitor, British Coal 
22/23 Regent Square, Doncaster, 

South Yorkshire, DN1 2DU 

and will be asked to complete an appfication form. 


UP TO £20,000 RA. 

An exceptional opportunity has arisen to join the Legal Department of Jaguar pic at the 
Company’s main assembly plant, headquarters and registered office in Coventry. 

A workload of the highest calibre will comprise principally commercial contract and 
intellectual property work (including trade mark protection, licensing and patents) often 
involving an international flavour. 

First class relevant experience (either in private practice or industry) and a sound 
academic background are the main requirements. A solicitor vrith about two years' post 
-qualification experience will be the ideal candidate but he/ she must also have the 
potential to advance to a senior position within the Department in due course. 

The ability to give clear, practical advice at all levels of executive management is essential 
as is the ability to work with the Company's external lawyers worldwide and the 
Company’s external UK parent and trade mark agents., ' . 

The total remuneration package for this key new appointment will be upto £20,000 pa. 
including bonus; plus lease car, free share issue and generous assistance with relocation. 
Applicants should write in confidence, with full c.v. including current saiaryvto: 

Tony Chapman, 

Manager, Organisation and Personnel Development, 
Jaguar Cars Limited, 

Browns Lane, 

Allas toy, 

Coventry CV5 9 DR. 


National Trust For Places CM Historic 
Interest or Natural Beauty 



The National Trust intends to appoint two As- 
sistant Solicitors (o join its expanding Legal 
Department in London, dealing with all aspects 
of the Trust's Legal work which is mainly prop- 
erty orientated. The Department at present 
comprises seven solicitors 

One of the successful candidates will be ex- 
pected to assist the Deputy Solicitor in the 
conveyancing of major acquisitions and 
somewhat out of the ordinary transactions, in 
addition to his or her own sham of the general 
work of the Department. Applicants for this 
post should have approximately three years' 
experience in conveyancing since qualifying. 
and be capable of handling their own general 
conveyancing workload with the minimum of 
supervision. Salary up to £14.180 pa (under 

2. The other vacancy is for a newly qualified 
solicitor, with experience of conveyancing 
during Articles, to assist in the general work 
of the DjepartmcnL This post presents an 
opportunity to gain experience of a wide vari- 
ety of conveyancing work. Salary up to 
£11.230 pa (under review). 

Please apply enclosing a 
CV to: 

Elizabeth Atlmark 
Personnel Section 
The National Trust 
yt> Queen Anne's Gate 
London SWIH 9AS 

Closing Date; 

15 September 1986 


Balfour Beatty Limited, a leading UK.Con- 
struefon and Engineering Company, 
requires two addtioral solicitors to join the 
Legal Department at our Head Office in 
Thornton Heath. The Legal Department ad- 
vises the Balfour Beatty Group's worldwide 
business interests on a wide variety of com- 
mercial matters. 

Applicants aged 25 to 35 should have some 
commercial experience either in private 
practice or industry, and must be witling to 
travel both in the UK and overseas. 

A competitive salary plus other benefits 
compatible with a large company will be 

Please write with C.V. to; Mrs. O.L.F. 
Board, Personnel Officer, Balfour Beatty 
Limited, 7 Mayday Road. Thornton Heath, 
Surrey. CR4 7XA. 

Balfour Beatty 




Director and Company Secretary at major retail motor 
group requires a graduate assistant to undertake for- 
mal Company Secretariat work. In addition the person 
appointed wril be required to undertake a variety of 
tasks and ad-hoc investigations with a strong commer- 
cial bias. Duties will also indude work relating to 
Pensions and Insurance. 

This Is a new 
should have 2 or 3 years post-qualilication Bxpenence, 
wiU be expected to demonstrate an ability to work on 
his/her own initiative. 

Please apply vrith fufl CV to: 

Anne wagstaff 

a p pointm en t and the postholder, who 
or 3 years post-qualilication Bxpenence. 

5 Prince 

Mam Egerton A Company Limited 
of Wales Rc 

Road, Norwich NR1 IBB 





We are a prosperous and expanding 

I good 

Gloucester City commercial firm serving i 

I Clients. We offer high sater 

’ City cot 
quality demanding * 
ries to two ambitious and personable 
Solicitors who demonstrate professional 
competence and the abRrty to gain the early 
confidence of Clients. 

1. A Property Lawyer as the conveyancing 


member of our busy company/commi 
team, also for quality private-chent tax plan- 
ning and conveyancing. 

2. A Solicitor to assist and if necessary to 
learn from our litigation partner who has a 
varied high quality commercial caseload. 

Please write to or 
25 Brunswick Road, 

■. GL1 1YE. 

Telephone 0452 29678 

PAGES 24 & 25 


for the right person to take charge of our branch 
office in the delightful city of Chichester. 

Applicants must be Solicitors of standing with 
exceptional all round ability, drive, personality 
and ambition. An early partnership is offered. 

Salary will not be an obstacle to applicants 
fulfillng our criteria. 

Please telephone Michael J. Wilks. 
Managing Partner, Bratton & Go. 
0329 236171 

Slaughter and May 

EEC and 

Competition Law 

Slaughter and May are looking for young solicitors and barristers to 
join their EEC and Competition law team. 

The Department’s reputation stems particularly from its competition 
law work - both EEC and UK — and this involves litigation in the UK and 
Europe as well as general advice. In addition the Department deals with 
other aspects of EEC law and with intellectual property law. combined with 
more general commercial work. 

Experience is welcome but not essentiai 

The atmosphere is congenial and the working conditions good. Salary 
and benefits are attractive. 

Write now, with a detailed curriculum vitae, to: 

Gr aham Child, 

Slaughter and May, 35 Basinghall Street, London EC2V 5DB. 

Baker & M9Kenzie 

Director of 

Professional Development 

Baker & M9Kenzie, an international firm of lawyers, seeks 
a Director of Professional Development to succeed the 
current Director beginning 1 December 1986. 

The Director is responsible for guiding the internal training 
programmes for lawyers in Baker & McKenzie’s 32 
offices, planning regional meetings ofjunior lawyers and a 
programme of professional development seminars at the 
Finn's annual partners’ meeting, overseeing the training 
and education programmes of junior lawyers temporarily 
transferred to foreign offices or to foreign universities for 
graduate law degrees, and coordinating all other aspects of 
the Firm’s training and education activities. 

We expea that the Director will be located in Chicago, 
New York or London. The position requires a significant 
amount of travel. 

We seek candidates with substantia] experience in legal 
education in a law firm, law college, or university, or as a 
senior professor in a liberal arts field at the graduate 
university level. Academic administrative experience as 
head of department or dean is highly desirable. Although 
applications from qualified lawyers are welcome, a legal 
qualification is not essential. Candidates should have had 
significant international experience, speak one or more 
foreign languages, and speak and write English fluently. 

Candidates should send a cnrricnliiin vitae and a summary ofhow 
their professional experience fits the requirements of the position to: 
Brace Porter, Chairman, Professional Development Committee, 
Baker 8c MfKemfe, Aldwych House, Aldwycb, London WC2B 4JP. 
Applications should be submitted by 15$cptcsnber 1986. 



Leicestershire Magistrates’ Courts have vacancies for both experienced and 
trainee Clerks. Applicants must be qualified as other Solicitors or Banisters, 
and starting salaries will depend entirely upon experience. 


City Division up to £13,764 p^. 

This is an ideal opportunity for a Court Ceric with a minimum of one year's 
experience who is now looking for promotion to the post of Senior Clerk. 
Leicester b one of the busiest Divisions in the Country, where tile person 
appointed will gain extensive and invaluable knowledge. A Dew courthouse is 
being planned for the City. 


(Recent Finalists Considered) 

N.W. Leicestershire up to £8478 pja. 

The successful applicant will be a Law Graduate who has passed the whole or 
the greater part of the Bar/Law Society's qualifying examinations. Articles of 
Clerkship are available if required. 

The post is based in N.W. Leicestershire at Hinckley and CoahriOe, and offers a 
first dass opportunity to gain wide experience in urban and rural courts. 
Male and female applica n ts In tere ste d in any of theabove posts should contact 
Mrs. KL Token on Leicester (0533) 549922 ext 7803 for an appfication form. 
Leicestershire Magistrates' Courts Committee, PO Box I, Town Had, 
Leicester LEI 9BE-Comple ted application forms muatbe returned by 
Friday, 26tb September 1986. 




Wc need a recently qualified solicitor to jow our targe and expanding Li tigatio n 

The post alls for someone who is prepared to handle an forms of civil litigation 
(excluding mairimooiall and who is prepared (O w or* under pressure. 

Satan will be according to experience but will be highly competitive. Additional benefits 

U.K. and a substantial grandly. 

include medical insurance, annual return flights to the 
It is expected ihai interviews will take place in London in early October I486. 
Please apply with full c.t. giving (dephone number to: 

hnscrdnp Secretary 
3rd-7tb Floors 
Alexandre Hook 
Hob* Koor 




offer your skills to a wider population 

Harrow is known as a progressive and responsible Borough, 
largely residential with a varied population of over 205,000. 
Our legal department is a busy one with a young, yet highly 
professional team working on a wide range of challenging 
legal matters, helping the people of Harrow. 

We now need an enthusiastic Assistant Solicitor to complete 
the team. 

If you are interested in local government ideally with 12 
months post qualification experience, this could be the ideal 
opportunity for you to join our lively and interesting 
department. The work will involve a wide range of property 
matters (conveyancing and planning). We are committed 

to training and new technology and can offer you excellent 

and varied experience. 

There is a salary of £13,578 to £14,718 plus benefits and 
being an equal opportunity employer we welcome all 

To find out more contact Roger Vergine on 01-863 5611, 
ext 2260, or write to the Director of Law and Administration, 
London Borough of Harrow, PO Box 2, Gvic Centre, Station 
Road. Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 2UH. 

Closing date: 16 September 1986. 


an equal opportunity employer 



Major Oil Company 

A major oil company wishes to appoint a Conveyancin g 
Solicitor in its Legal Department in central London. 

Applications are invited from sotiritors with at least four years 
post qualification experience, and preferably with a law degree. 
Tbe job requires the ability to handle a variety of 

activities in the UK, and related matters. The succ essful 
applicant must also have business acumen, d ri ve and initiative. ' 

Salaiyand b enefit s wfll fully reflect the responsibility of the 

Please write giving details of age, qualifications, experience 
and presen t sala r y (as well as telephone number; if convenient) 
to Confidential Reply Service, Ref ABC 9400, Austin Knight 
Advertising, 17 St Helen’s Place; London EG5A 6 AS. 

Applications are forwarded to the client concerned, therefore, 
companies in which you are not interested 
should be listed in a 

covering letter to tbe 
Confidential Reply 





£15411 to £16,194 

cgjUl tagate, mvol™, to CUtf cSSfctol m to . 

Interviews for the post are likely to be held after 300, Smsmfer iobc . 

should be made by seodias a curriculum riETu 19S6 and applications 

The Chief Svperimeadeat 

ft® Headquarters 

Hmchjngbrooke Put 


w be received by 16th Scptaabcr 1986. 

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boftSSed and challenging. "° Ur Solici * ore Department, the worts of which is 

Pn^^'j"S l ±l!?^‘ i y e d 2 f «'ia and the provision of advice on matters of 
and aw ' ^ apartment is also involved in investigatory 

or aoaS hw-?°2! ed,nas “** tfie induct of legal proceedings brought by 
or against Uoyd sin rts corporate capacity. 

fr ° m barristers and solicitors with intellectual ability. 
Dost Let arf iH^ 0neSS am * Up *° ^ years post-qualification experience. This 
offoraH *!JfEr ca iS er development opportunity. A competitive salary is 
annual v ”** 1 80 attractjve range of fringe benefits including an 

annual bonus and a non-contributory pension scheme, 

a '! a ^° [®? uired for a temporary post in the Solicitors Department for 

.5^ °* a T 0u * s,x months. This post would suit a newly qualified barrister or 
solicitor or a (aw graduate with a good degree. 

To apply for either post please send a full with relevant career details to: 

C0fP °" ,li00 01 U ° yd '‘- U,nd0 " 






POST NO: 2/98 GRADE: Scale 2/3 
SALARY: £5706-£6756 

Applications are invited from Law 
Graduates who have passed The Law 
Society's Final Examination, for this 
post in the Law and Administration 

The person appointed win have an 
opportunity of gaining experience in 
most aspects of the Council's legal 

For application form and job 
description please contact the 
Personnel Se c tio n . Council 
Offices, Honeywood Road, 
Whitfield, Dover. Tel: Dover 
821199 Ext 308. 

Closing date: 10 September 1986 

Interview date: W/C 22 
September 1 986 





Litigation £14,718 - £15,804 
inc p-a. (pay award pending). 

An experienced sofeatarb required to sgaciafce in 
work arising from Die Social Services Directorate. 
A keen interest in, and knowledge of child care tow 
is essential The postholder will also deal with 
other general litigious work, assist In supervision of 
junior staff , and advise in Committee as necessary. 

The Gouncfl offices are pleasantly located in the 
Centre of Twickenham, with easy access to M3 
and M25 motorways. A system of flexible working 

hours is in operation and the post carries a casual 

user car allowance. 

For further information or cfiscussion contact Mr. 
Cheesman (pi-091 1411 ext 7131). 

I Form from Head of Personnel Servtaa jMunidpal 
Offices. Twickenham TW1 3AA (01-891 7112 or 24 
hours 391 -7799 returnable by 19th September 


(An equal opportunity MiptoywJ 



Required for Surrey Practice 
Top salary paid 
Leatherliead (0372) 386445 





the TIMES 

trade advertisers 

TEL: 01*481 1920 
FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
TEL 01-481 4000 


Chief Executive and Clerk's 


Grade - P.O.2. or P.O.3. 

(£1 1 ,850-£1 2,885 or 
£1 2.885-El 4,025) 

(pay award pending). 

These posts have been created as a result 
of a restructuring review in the depart- 
ment. The first post is based in the 
Personal Services Branch and the second 
will be in the Legal Section. 

For the former of these posts the 
postholder will be expected to provide ad- 
vice and guidance on a range of legal and , 
associated administrative matters. Duties 
wiO include directing and control fing cer- j 
tain allocated work in the section, ! 
preparing and vetting reports and under- 1 
taking advocacy on behalf of the County 
Council as directed. 

The second postholder wHI provide’ legal 
advice and guidance to a number of de- 
partments in particular to the Social 
Services Department in relation to child 
care law. Duties will include acting as ad- 
vocate on behalf of the County Council 
before the Magistrates. Juvenile. County 
and. High. Courts and Tribunds. Addition- 
aHy it wii be necessary to direct and 
control work of legal executives ki the sec- 
tion as required. 

Applicants must be suitably qualified and 
should be able to demonstrate some ex- 
perience gained in legal work. 
Applications from newly qualified Solici- 
tors will be considered. Previous local 
government experience is desirable but 
not essential. The starting point on the 
salary scale wiB depend upon potential 
.and experience. 

Relocation expenses of up to £3,000 are 
payable in approved cases and temporary 
housing accommodation may be avaflable. 
Application forms and further details from 
the County Personnel Officer, County HaB, 
Chelmsford, CM1 1LX. Tel: Chelmsford 
(0245) 267222 Ext: 2017. Closing date 
17 September 1986. 

Rowley Ashworth, 


Solicitor fix expanding nainnwoM tpd crimina l de- 
partment whh some general Btiowm. An mteren m PI 
and Employment Law would be nseftiL The pasrtwn 
would wit person with some previous relevant expen- 
encewho basbeen qualified fer *bg 
will be provided. Salary area. £14,000. Phase apply ux 

The Staff Partner, 

Rowley Ashworth 
51/53 St George's Ro ad, 

London SW19 4XD 

Tel 01 947 7921 

busy pracitcr requires dynamic 

souetior for general wort »■ 
ducting advocacy newnr 

ouawSd corakterssM telephone 
291 1353 


required for solictors in 
North London. 2-3 days 
penmek Salary 

in writing to; 

Jane Coker, 
Norton & Coker, 
523 High Road, 
Tottenham N17 



required to assist partner 
wim rraWy non-cortOTtbus 
worit Our offices at ex- 
treme fy busy and so 
w&rnmss to work hard is 
essential but w# be suitable 
rewarded in both toe short 
and long term. 

MUTTMPr r. If yog have any 

Queries or pfobk wf nWn to 
yoor advcrtocmcai ooce it has 
appeared, please contact our 
Cimofner Services Deparnnm 
by telephone on B1-481 4100. 

HOT Tvann. SMKt a UA4 r» 
iwing ai our ornate beam 

Figurtnea. animJH. Me. want- 
nL OI 083 OOZ4. 

. 'f I 

Kww in owa*. Cot T V. aa nr Sw. 
Trirx. Goamgham Apartmcnte. 
01-573 UU, 

■Wit. Lgr Ktf-CMCBMI may 
luro hh Oat. 2 twos swt 3. gdn. 
nr IuOp G17D gw. Avon OO- 
Drc tea 122 3303 Anar 6 pm 

eosTCtirms cm nKw/Mh 
ip Cisspr ISA A man aeoMt- 
Uom. Dtriomd Trtirt 01-730 

Bnu TrmfL Td 01 385 6414. 

MtCOUKT FAtn WgrUwkte; 
01-434 0734 Juana r TwM. 

CAPITAL CVa prenarr Mon qwn ■ 
ty nnfnhai vuaes. 01-007 

(MS 582)4680. 

ouim Lawyer to Mutton 
rapidly aMMUng dauaiuauM 
dtallna wui, itw purchase and 
sate or Spanish properties and 
related matters In Etna. Fluen- 
cy in written and SBOfeen 
snanbh eaaenuaL CxceUenl 
prospects. Salary nenoMa n te. 
Please write wn (UP C.V. to 
C HH. Carter A Co. M3 Liver- 


& houses avsBabto. 

£200 - £3.000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 


anytime (T). 

(J.T.C. Open Sal. 0753 5S703&. 

jor Travel OI 4099257. IATA. 

huhl rawawra oi mi 
nil. Tra\dwH». aka am 

tel. OI 734 3307 . ABTA. 

Biggm. Oi 738 8t91. ATOL. 

01-724 0388 ABTA ATOL 


am Setecmv stumg. 


properties from 
£100 -£3.000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytime (T). 

Cm farm house, a uediuona. 
5 recep*. labuUua nurd kllclwn 
Wtm run sue Ameetcan uruts. 
naiio ana wn room, bare A wn 
w drti l. mummied MH wHU 
imrly new rurums and car- 
pew. Oil CM £400 pw. unci of 
rates ontyv Company let Tel : 
06286 4658 


memawdr mt jlx. 

SoUcUor laouMawdled 
audio lacreeacy wsg 
5002 word irnmwr. Bern 
salary packape- Please send 
CV m oonlktem to Hr 
Moloney. Leslie Langtoe — 
MiiH -il Wktegsae 
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Voung. newty/reeenay . 
ml SoUcUor nvtdred 
IMBShfltotzs Sauna Bucks 
Dre. £ Mgtdy comodHK 
good prospects. McndHh 
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uncwnoN seuenwi 

AnpHa. ThrWtog mar ‘ 
Arm. dime, advocz 
mUrtnonM and CiwIL 


>W1 Wen lumum, and deraral 
ed nrwb conterlm 3 bed CLal- 
<mle teeefi. kiKhm - 

wasncT/doTT. natn * mower a 
nmmuMI oudnu £290 pw 
neg T W Capo 0l -2Sl 8858 

nr lube £4S EMd. 883 6090 
HAHMJC AMEH o/r. nuge fM. aa 
ndlttM. m/f. ns prtf. £89 pw 
Mr. Phone T24 3682 alter awn. 

nsnasar AVE Young srof F to 
share futor (mm. sunny 2 bedim 
nal £126 PW : 01-089-8628 
WJ. 3 rooms to In In large town 
house, superb accoamodawn. 
at £60 pw. Id 01-602 2157. 

ter pntntod glrL Rent neg. 
wtlla babysutmg. Tet 874 2865 

watts. Victorian. Oat- Evert 
tern candtUon. 0302 5206 
before loam A after 8pm. 

OLD vent rUCCTOKL oob- 
bte sects etc. Natkmwlite 
ddhwites. Td: 10980) BS0O39 

CATS, OKU, Las MW. AH the- 
ater and sport- Td 439 1763. 
AB major credit od*. 

nMB/famm. caokos. 
etc. Can you buy cheaper? B A 
s LML OI 229 1947/8468. 

HAM0. Lovely stooH unrtdiL id 
fiat rand. Tuned £575- (hs 
arrange delivery. 01-463-0148- 

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061 223 OBBlMfil 251 6786- 


Wool nh Bcrim tan E3M par 
sq yd + VAT. 09% mi How 

DoniBSbc Wton C1XBS pwm ya 
+ VAT. CorkopUst fles E8J5 per 
sq yd + VAT & imny ottiur flam 

P 8 R 0 K Grew. ML 
Tefa 01-736 7M1 

Advocacy. 0S53A6624 (DMCL 

and Devon. £12^00. w — at 
ConuHlW 0936 28185 



ILMUtMUin Grand Plano. 
N«v46486 axodtem Good. 
ClA&a Tetoi 670 2629. 

YAMAHA Upright MSJ. Blade. 
EanHM common- £1-350 
ana Tet 01-723 4675. 


saresd Trams. 


Appointment of 

Applications are invited for the post of Head of this 
Independent Boarding and Day School for Girls. It is 
hoped that foe successful applicant will take up the 
appointment in September 1987. 

There are 850 pupils between foe ages of- 5 and 18. 
The School aims to develop foe individual personal- 
ity and potential of all its pupils. It has a high 
academic record, a large Sixth form and a strong 
community spirit. 

Further details and application form may be obtained 
from foe Secretary to foe Council, Sl Helen’s 
School, Norfowood, Middlesex HA6 3AS. The dos- 
ing date for applications will be Thursday 2nd 
October 1986. 


Together we can beat iL 

We fund ijveroiwihird of 
all research imo ihe preven- 
tion and cun? ofcancer in 
the UK . . 

non or make a l«g*c> to: 

Researdi V* 

2Cjritoii HmiNrtrrrii e. 
pt-M lI iiiiAm WIY 5AK 



SOUTH Kpwmerrow Manilon 
naa nr Tutte wlih Mgh crURHA 
and lun teogth wummws. 2 ante 
biW. n wg. iuirtim - w/dryrf . 
bHhmm. UIL \HWa emronrr 
phom- Lana Co LrL £256 pw 
GoMlanl A Smith 01-950 7321 

BCAimrULLY furnlshKl houw 
BnrMabury VHtogr W6 3 tod 
2 bam 1 «Mr to tog room. Fully 
■gulped utcnm/dJnrT Pmm 
amrom. ompw nfl. mu re- 
gum*. OI 625 5050 rat 285 

CLAFHAMS/c lorn baarrernl m. 
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tnowrr. «hr PH gdn. c/h. 
o/iurMar. rai TV. puu eoupte. 
£120 pw I nr. Tft oi -622 559S 
pr 0980 630047 (MM A TurW 


tods. 2 rrccpft. 2 baUn- Odn. 
Boof trrr. £600 pw. Lamani 
Road. SWlO. 3 tods. 2 rerrw- 2 
baOn Cloak. Odn. £ 6 B 0 pw. 
Trl: Burgess 01-681 6156. 

»— "«■ EXECUTIVE Sacks 
lux dal/ house: up to JESOOpw 
usual fees res. PitHUps Kay A , 
Lewis. South of tor Part. Chat- 
sea office. 01-3S2 Sill or 
Norm of toe Part. Re-gaol's 
Park office. 01-086 9882. 

HEW 8AHEH 8 Hoang) S/c FlaL 
dM todrm. large rtcoL k A b. ; 
tody furnished A newly deco- 
rated. CH. Mdgp- Phone etc. 
Car Pkg. Suiiabie married cou- 
ple lor eqtvL Retd Ind. Rates 
£85 pw. Min 1 yr. 01-940-1092 

MBOOTUTOU - Dynamic, hard- 
working. 20/36 - to Join our 
successful rental uam In Ken- 
sington. Enertnxr preferred 
but not epMMIal. MUM be car 
owner. Ouraeshi Coosunme 
01-244 7555 

Htgligate. Modem family house 
In quiet attractive mews. Lto 
Living an a. 4 beds, master Inc: 
shower rm. polio gdn. garage- 
£820 pem Tet 01-039 1742 or 
0246 413510 

cumw ran oeii wen Aie. 
lovely MSI A spacious 3 tod 
house win garden A all ma- 
chines. V. dose to the Common 
A Tube. £226PW. BUCHANAN 
501 7767. 

KENSaMTON W8. Bte 2 tod fW 
In luxury block. Lot ran* with 
balcony. I ft totns. fc/t an nudi. 
Underornd or pkng. Tremen- 
dous value ai £260 pw me eta 
chw. 950 9612 (T). 

t n/188 Hapato SL W1 


Late S Grasp N a n mfcooc 


01-878 8141 

For ttniaWs A Enwroa/s tStftt 
HoGUdAk up urti Apia 
CmM Cwf pqmnis onlj. 


Nairobi. Jo’Bwb. Cfciro, Dnbai, 
taanboL Singapore. KJ- Deflii. 


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in Beach Hoed Vafinoo 
SAVE £30 

on 13th. 20(b and Z7tb 
September de par ane dates 

01-785 2200 

56/58 Putney High Sl 
London SW151SF _ 

1232 >6723 

Wimbledon, mmnhed w V 
a todrtm. 2 rrrrpi mod Ml A 
hath. One isqii odn Cn lei 
oniv tzcopw Tel oi w> or 879 1729 i day). 879 
1666 (rvesi 

OOW AM AYE, nWk. vm- aursr 
nr liewlr drr haarw- rknr lo 
lUto A para 3 tods, dote rrc. 
lul/b'IU. hath Gdn C3O0 pw. 
Sudivan Thoraj* 751 1553 

kKMTV A IAMEB Onnlan ib now 
Ml 01 236 BH6I lor I hr toU nr- 
IKHnn d lumonrd nan and 
notion to iml to KntonuKMpr- 
Cnrhea and Kmnnuton iTI 

ILOe—MUf. Lux onr tod 
man. FuOy (urn CH Co tel 
£140 pw I nr Browed Tutor A 
Co. Td: 01-242 B27S. 

MUUNTI PARK. Super nufflto m 
lUKivtous Mock. CMnpany tel 
only. £200 pw. Td 01-409 

COAMAM ■ Sunrrb home In pre- 
mier road, doer 10 nation. 
£1500 prm. Trl . 01 947 1566 

ST JOHNS WOOD. 1 Bed flat In 
luxury Mk. £150 pw ind. 
GCH/HW. Ob let 937 9681 

MARBLE ARCH Mmtan Mock, 
nlre (urn. Hal 2 tods. 2 recess.. 
KID. CH. Company Let. £226 
pw. 01 883 4057- 
Mound Dear n*L quiet road, 
near tube, large garden, compa- 
ny Id. £160 pw. Td 386 1049. 
PARSONS ORB ML 2 tod fully 
equipped gdn flM. nr bu*/tube. 
parking: 2 Id Ones answer ma- 
chine £176 pw. 01-731 1472 
TMRJPO SWT Beautiful ftdftr 
■ ■Modernised 1 Bed ltd wim se- 
cluded potto £160 pw. Day 347 
9461 exl 410. Even 821 9104. 
PUTNEY lux modern 2 bed rum 
fUL wrH nolnlianed block, oul- 
M amwttve road, under cover 
porting. £130 pw. 789 8217. 
n T roMTAtiY seeks fora prao- 
erttei in best tondon areas. 
fees lenu te edl. OI 589 6481. 
W1 - FlM. 2 beds. I reep. k*b. 
Secluded. Ovedoofcteg P«rk. Oo 
fwrt let- £190 n.w. Tek oi 724 

W1 MARBL E . ARCH . Lux S/C 
studio Qpl V lgr A V.preety 
with a widy maid service. £146 
p.w. 01-724 4172. 
Unnerstty A Brit Museum. Tel 
Helen WaMon A Co 680 0276. 
flat 2 recto* kfttt. CH toumy 
OdU £120pw. Tel 01 683S823. 
DOCKLANDS Flats end houses to 
Ml tornughoul toe Dockland* 
arm. THJOi-488 4862 

houses. IMS. shares m N Lon- 
don areas 01-883 6467 
FD M8UR Y PARK s/c c/h fbl. 
sun couple. £76 pw ma. Ex- 
press Rentals 01-883 6457 
■non South London Area*. 
Renat Guide O 1-686 7676 
and garden £45 pw ind. Ex- 
press Rentolt 01-883 6487 

Fly Savely 
flights to 


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TAKE 1HR Off to Paris. Am- 
sterdam. Brumrlv. Bruges. 
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dve beach vlBas and 
aa i lW Mib wtm private pool. In 
Secluded location avail Sam- 
oa. 01 724 7773. PUVd 
Holiday* AIM 2136. 


IMPLY CRETE. Anglo Greek 
laurny offer private 
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Fugfiis a rr a nged. Please ring 
tor our small rrtmdiy brochure. 
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avaHaooiiy 7.idjti jb Sept for 
2 wks. Beautiful vtllaa nr toe 
bench rx Gahwtclc. Pan Wortd 
HMidays. OI 734 2562 



ALGARVE From 3rd of Septem- 
ber. 4 tods/B people, luxury 
lUla wnn pom near Albuleira. 
Maid aervicr. tophi advice 
avaiUMr. £000 per week. 
THA628& 36373. 


nnm houses (or rental 73 Sl 
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ALGARVE, lux vUUa/uMs wflb 
pools. Sent/ Oct (ram £32Spw. 
01 409 2836. VUUWorid. 

MCI. Lowest IW IT £99. 
Biggies. 736 8191- AIM 1893. 



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Late AvaUaHy 


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American football invasion brings an escape from grey games and grey days 

Trium phant Britons are 

happy to let the 
secret out of the bag 

From Pat Butdter/Athletks Correspondent, StnU&art 

Already they were edging 
towards us in the Neckar 
Stadium last Friday. Earnest 
men wearing steel-rimmed 
and quizzical glances,’ 
carrying stop watches, 
notepads and pencils and 
expectant airs. 

We eyed each other wearily. 
But no. it was not the Inland 
Revenue hit squad, nor even 
Saatchi minions seeking ad- 
vice on how to re-vamp the 
Prime Minister’s image. It was 
foreign journalists coming to 
discover the secret of British 
success. Okay, they had got 
used to Daley Thompson 
winning all the time, and Cbe, 
Cram and Oven lining up to 
let one and other win a 
middle-distance title. But 
what about Linford Christie 
and Roger Black — and Fa- 
tima Whitbread's world 
record? And who the hell was 
Tom McKean? 

Was it true that we plucked 
talented schoolchildren from 

the classroom at the age of 14 
and sent them to sporting 
factory farms? Or that we 
plugged them into little black 
boxes while they slept, or had 
perfected mass-hypnosis, or 
discovered drugs that no-one 
had even dreamed of? 

To tell the truth, we were 
beginning to wonder our- 
selves. And by the time the 
14th European Champion- 
ships were over on Sunday, we 
were as shell-shocked as any- 
one else, but happily so. 
British athletes had won the 
same number of golds — eight 
- as in 1950, but that was long 
before the Soviet Union and 
East Germany had mobilized 
their own athletics meth- 
odology, and with two silvers 
and five bronzes, this collec- 
tive performance was arguably 
the best ever by British ath- 
letes in any international 

Britons won the 100, 400, 
800, 1500 and 5000 metres 
and had all three participants 
in the final in four of those five 
races, also winning an historic 
“triple" in the 800m. There 
was also a fourth place in the 
400m and but for a hamstring 
injury to Todd Bennett, and 
some negligence by Christie 
when being edged out of his 
200m heat, a little too relaxed 
after winning the 100m, there 
could have been at least 
another medal for the sprint- 
ers. The 200m, won in 20.95 
seconds, was the weakest 
event of the championships. 

A hamstring injury also 
stopped the talented Colin 
Jackson adding to his world 
junior gold and Common- 
wealth silver in the high 
hurdles, although Stepbane 
Caristan, winning France's 
first track gold at an inter- 
national championship since 
Guy Drut in the same event at 
the 1976 Olympic Games, 
looked unbeatable. 

The rest of Europe had been 
warned last year, when British 
juniors won eight gold medals, 
five silver and five bronze at 
the European junior 
championships in Cottbus. 
East Germany. But for the 
British seniors to finish as 

comparatively close to the 
Soviet and East German ath- 
letes in the medal table, made 
for the overall success story 
If there is any secret to the 
success of British, athletes it is 
an open one, which is that the 
amount of money coming into 
domestic athletics and befog 
channelled into rewarding 
achievement and financing 
development, assures a liveli- 
hood for many more athletes 

Aouita in 
on mile 

Lmkuk (Reuter) — Said 
Aouita, (be extraordinary 
Moroccan who already bolds the 
world 1,500 and 5,000 meters 
records, will attempt the mOe 
record tomorrow night as the 
European athletics ci r cuit enters 
its foul stage. Aouita has twice 
this seasoojust Bussed the 3JM0 
world best and was the victim of 
over-eatb osiastic early pace- 
making. when he attempted to 
break Steve Cram's world mile 
mark of three inmates 4632 
seconds in West Berlin on 
Aagnst 15. 

With attention focused on the 
highly socoessfcd European 
championships, Awnta has been 
ott of the limeligM recently. But 
if be is in anything Eke his best 
form, die little Moroccan could 
light op the end of .the season, 
which climaxes in Rome on 
September Ik 

The Olympic MHH) champion, 
aged 25, has modified his orig- 
inal aim to bold the world record 
for every distance from 800 
metres to the marathon, hat he 
is easily the most vosatDe 
athlete of modem times and the 
right conditions, ptos more 

intelligent pacemaking, could 
sec him at last set a world, mark 
Ah year to add to the two he 
picked ap last season. James 
Robinson of America, a special- 
ist over 800 metres, looks the 
likely pace m aker and Us 
compatriot Sydney Maree, who 
is the only man, along with 
Aonita and Cram, to break 330 
for the 1300 meters, wffl easnre 
Aonita has plenty of competition 
over the final bp. 

Renaldo Nebenuah. the world 
record holder for the 110 metres 
hurdles, laces the European 
champion, Stephane Caristan, 
of Fiance in tonight's race, foe 
Olympic 100 metres chsmpion 
and world record holder, Evelyn 
Ashford, makes her first appear- 
ance here, and Ed Moses wffl 
seek to extend his onbeaten ran 
in the 400 metita hardies to 118. 

nowadays. And Frank Dick, 
the director of British coach- 
ing, can legitimately expect 
some of that money to come 
his way as a salary increase for 
what is perceived to be a 
successful team performance. 

But any evaluation of suc- 
cess carries an inherent warn- 
ing for the continuation of 
that success. It is an individual 
sport and whereas gaps left in 
team sports can be camou- 
flaged, athletics champions 
are not so easily 
reproductable. A Cram may 
follow a Coe and Oveu but 
there is no evident successor 
to Thompson, who is unlikely 

to be in these championships 
in 1990. 

Athletics relies on the emer- 
gence of talented individuals 
like Roger Blade, who was a 


rugby playing schoolboy, ca- 
pable of no more than 47.7 
seconds for 400m two years 
ago. It is a-tribuie to his talent 
and application, and proxim- 
ity to a fine coach like Mike 
Smith in Southampton, that 
Black should progress to 45.26 
last year in winning the Euro- 
pean junior title and that he 
should bring the United King- 
dom record down to 44.59 m 
winning here. 

In short, it is only the 
conditions which promote ex- 
cellence which can be re- 
produced and not excellence 
itself. The paucity of success 
among tins British women is 
proof of that. After Fatima 
Whitbread’s superlative ef- 
forts and the fine perfor- 
mances by Judy Simpson and 
Yvonne Murray, die waste- 
land is directly attributable to 
the appalling state of the 
administration of women's 
athletics in Britain compared 
to the men. 

Miss Whitbread has proved 
herself beyond doubt with her 
gold medal and the two long- 
est throws ever after her 
Commonwealth farrago. And, 
had the weather been better, 
Thompson could reasonably 
have expected to break his 
world record, as could the 
superb Heike Drechsfer, who 
equalled the one she shared 
with Marita Koch in the 
200m. The other two world 
records went to Yuri Sedykh, 
in the hammer, and Marina 
Stepanova, in the 400m hur- 

Coe and Cram probably 
proved that at their level 
nowadays, it was only possible 
to concentrate on one distance 
at a time for the one was 
dearly better than the other in 
their respective victories. 
They are due to compete in a 
5,000m seriously for die first 
time. Buckner should be there 
too, and Ovett expects to 
recover from foe virus which 
caused him to drop out of the 
5,000m on Sunday in time to 
run one or two races before the 
end of foe season. 

The other open secret of 
Stuttgart has been that foe 
Italian long-distance men in- 
dulge in blood doping, Stefano 
Met. foe winner of the 
10,000m, who claims that he 
does not indulge, yet has been 
subjected to administrative 
pressure to do so in foe past, is 
foe source of this revelation 
and it has. been aired in the 
Italian press with as little 
repercussion as regular foot- 
ball scandals. 

The defence is that it is not 
illegal but foe morality is 
questionable, since it is a 
competitive aid. But that a 
high-ranking IAAF official 
should retort with a “holier 
than thou'* attitudewhen 
questioned on the subject, did 
not give hope that foe pro- 
posed four-year ban on drug 
lakers would be taken any 
more seriously than the pre- 
vious “life" bans were. 


•; • s' **■•; \| 

# I* 

Hats on for American football: The game imported from the United States brings excitement to playing fields of England 

A chance to revel in the exotic 


r : 4 -?r Simon 

There were Car too many 
horrible little red squirrels 
d ottering up the place, they all 
agreed in the 19tv centnry. So 
fcy started shooting them. 
Then, between 1876 awl 1905, 

a few people, squir rel-lovers as 
it happened, introduced a new 
kind of squirrel to the country 
as an agreeable exoticism. It 
was a grey squirrel, and it 
came from the United States. 

The results we knew. The 
grays did better every year, foe 
reds did worse. It was net, so 
for as anyone knows, a matter 
of direct aggression. It just 
looked like that- And one of 
foe pecubuities of the business 
is foe way in which the red 
squired appears to find it 
impossible to re-establish it- 
self once an area has been 
colonized by foe invading pey 
from across foe water. 

I wondered, as I watched 
London Ravens defeat 
Streafoara Olympians 20-12 
in foe Budweiser Bowl Ameri- 
can football final on Sunday, if 
h could happen in sport. This 
imparted exoticism is in the 

middle of foe most extraor- 
dinary success. And football — 
proper football, soccer — is not 
having foe best of times. 

London Ravens were i n the 
van of the new game, starting 
op almost as soon as Channel 
Four brought American foot- 
ball to Britain.- They chose 
their name because of a delight 
in the collective noun: an 
Knkjudness of ravens. One of 
their early members. Roly 
Pickering, dropped out after 
puncturing a lung. He got the 
msmy playing soccer. 

Baffling politics 

The Ravens are foe stron- 
gest team in the country now. 
But many, many other teams 
have sprung up, with names 
fall of a kind of mid- Atlantic 
wistfidness, Dunstable Cow- 
boys, Cotswold Bears, Brad- 
ford Dolphins, Thames 
Barriers, Chelmsford Chero- 
kee. The organization is a 
tangle of collapsing leagues, 
daredevil finance, hungry 
sponsors, and baffling politics: 
as we stand, there are two 
leagues, foe Bu dweiser and the 
British- American Football 
League (BAFL). 

Big never mind the politics, 
feel the numbers. There were 

about 5000 people at Crystal 
Palace for the Budweiser 
Bowl, and that was reckoned a 
disappointment. There are 71 
teams in the Budweiser 
League, and 40 mere in the 
BAFL. More and more people 
want Go play, for tins has 
become the romantic sport of 
the 80s. 

It represents an escape from 
grey games and grey days. For 
spectators and players it is a 
chance to revel in the exotic, 
and to indulge in an orgy of 
dressing up. This is the sport 
for the dandy all right: spec- 
tators wear toucan-billed caps 
and replicas of Dan Marino's 
short, and as for foe players, 
they are allowed - forced - to 
dress up as sapennen. How 
could anyone resist? As hip- 
pies team to Hradnisui rather 
than the Chmch of England 
for retigkm, revelling in exotic 
notions, exotic words, and 
exotic clothes, so the sports- 
men of Britain torn to Ameri- 
can foofoalL Soccer is staid: 
American football is tall of 

Can it last? One is reminded 
of the motdd-farealring in- 
troduction of Rugby League 
into the South, and of the new 
world of soccer in foe United 
States. Gandy flowers, but no 
roots. But American football 

frag an advantage here: foot- 
ball is currently a straggling 
game. And with Baseball to 
come to the screens in Octo- 
ber, another craze is toamsliag. 
Perhaps cricket should take 

S erious threat 

There are some exotic spe- 
cies of « "■"»«! that are in- 
troduced to Britain, and 
appear to adapt quite deco- 
rously. The muutjack, the 
Chinese water-deer, or foe 
Derbyshire wallabies, for 
example, or even the perfectly 
genuine case of the red scor- 
pions at Ongar underground 
station. But sometimes a new 
animal poses a serious threat: 
frp mint: is doing to the otter 
what foe grey squired has 
already done to foe red. 1 doo t 
know if H could happen in 
sport: but if I were administer- 
ing a traditional British game, 
I would not laugh it off. 

It is hardly a bad tiling, to 
see people trying a new sport, 
but foe established sports 
should wooden why are we 
failing to keep our audiences 
and our players?. Is it the 
attraction of the new game?. 
Or could it be that there is 
really something wrong with 



Optimism chilled by winds of change 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Triumph for Korolyov 

Peking (AP) — Yuri was shared by Mogilny and Xu 
aged 24, of the Soviet Zhiqiang. of China, with 19.8 

1 1 H rlf ■ irJlh ffST 

rings and vaulting horse and 
won on the horizontal bars 
yesterday in the men's individ- 
ual competition of the seventh 
World cup gymnastics 

Li Ning of China, who shared 
top honors with Korolyov in the 
men's all-round com petition, 
received the only perfect score 
of 10 points in the tournament 
for his performance on the 
pommel horse as well as win- 
ning the floor exercises with a 
total score of 19.60. Korolyov 
shared first place in the rings 
with Valentin Mogilny, also of 
the Soviet Union, both scoring 
19.7 points, and he tied with 
Silvio Kroll of Eiast Germany in 
the vaulting horse. Both scored 
19.475. „ J , 

The parallel bars gold medal 

was a surprise medal winner 
when he registered the second 
highest score of 9.8 points in the 
horizontal bar competition and 
placed third in the event with a 
19.5 totaL 

In the women's individual 
competition, the world cham- 
pion. Yelena Chucbunova of the 
Soviet Union, raptured the gold 
medals for the vaulting horse 
and uneven bars. Miss 
Chucfuinova. aged 17, who was 
the women's all-round winner 
on Sunday, totaled 19.9 points 
in winning the vaulting horse 
event. Oksana Omelyanchik, of 
the Soviet Union, was second 
with 19.8 and. Ecaterina Szaba 
of Romania scored 19.775 
points for third place. 

Results, page 32 


C oa ti nnc d from page 29 




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A new season usually means 
the dusting-off of traditional 
expectations: a bright optimism 
raises its head, expressing the 
hope that all will be for the best, 
even if the world is no longer the 
best of all possible worlds. 

Not so m Rugby Union this 
season, i suspect, as the four 
home . countries brace them- 
selves for a season which will 
not end for the leading players 
until June when the inaugural 
World Cup reaches its cl imax . 
Never has the divide between 
the broad base of the dub game 
and the international game ap- 
peared greater. 

Events in South Africa this 
summer have soured the alti- 
tude of many who qjoy the 
game as wefl as confirming the 
prejudices of those — many in 
schools and colleges — who 
would HiccuaHt- youngsters from 

perceived connection with the 
embattled Republic 

It would be better, perhaps, if 
the home countries thoroughly 
endorsed the World Cup even in 
the absence of South Africa 
(whose insensitivity in contact- 
ing individual players for a five 
Nations tour last month will not 
have aided to its list of friends). 

But they do not, and their 
mistrust heightens every day 
that there is no official explana- 
tion forthcoming from New 
Zealand of the organization — 
particularly the financial or- 
ganization — of the unofficial 
Ca valiers’ tour to South Africa. 

Many leading British officials 
foe! they are groping in the dark. 
Lacking the certainty of the 
players who, essentially, have 
only to turn up and play, they 
feel they are being forced into 
change which may not be for the 
good of the game. They know, 
too, that the home countries 
must play well above Imown 
form to make an impact in the 
World Cup, and are thus con- 
tent that the. Five Nations 
championship isan established, 
if limited, platform. 

Up to last July. England had 
only one official communica- 
tion from the World Cup. 
organizing committee in New 

rORSCHC 911 SC SPORT. 1980 
tet Mack. Mack trim. rSH. fun 
ftpora wpnwM. eteetrtc «un 
rool and winnows, wars MOT 
and Tax. 67.000 miles, un- 
nuntea. a, nrw C13MOONO 
TH 0002 458977 

Zealand and that was a request “My personal view is that the 
for an article for the World Cup 1RFU doesn't want to make a 
bulletin. The tournament’s ex- big stand all on its own which 
ecutive director has changed may have no effect on rugby. If 
too, Jim QunjteD. also of New there was support from E ng la n d 
Thailand, having taken over and Scotland, that might change 
from Sir Desmond Sullivan, things." 

,who finds his legal career will Ireland's executive commit- 
not leave him alone. tee meet on September 12 when 

Ireland's stance was illus- their representatives to the 
trated by Ken Reid, Ulster’s International Board wffl be 
secretary and representative on briefed for the hoard's meeting 
the IRFU, this weekend: “We on amateurism in London in the 
have received little hard in- second week in October. What 
formation about the com- they are likely to find then is a 
petition on the very important polarization of attitudes with 
peripherals. What is concerning the vague uncertainly of the 
the IRFU is control We want British representatives in- 
the financial details laid down creased by foe unhappy knowl- 
about who receives what fin edge that they do not haw w 
doing what. look as for afield as Australasia 

“We have read other people's or South Africa to know that the 
ideas about broken time and so amateur ethos, as they see n, is 
on, ami we don't think that can on very thin ground indeed, 
be controlled. The IRFU are not Thre have been abuses in 

protect players from abuse. The just as foe rase against foe 
dub game is foe base of the Cavaliers will surely remain 
game. We can't see foe view of unproven. Countries like France 
say, foe Australian players who and Italy operate from an 
seldom play for their dubs. entirely different standpoint 

Harlequins fleet of foot 

By David Hands 

Harlequins return hotfoot lus appearance for an Inter- 
com their tear of Australia and national XV in Belfast an Sat- 
the Far East today to defend unlay and these three are now 
tfaeir dub sevens tide, associated doe to appear for the Lord's 
with the Lord's Taverners at the Taverners VII, who open the 
Stoop memorial ground on Son- tournament against Bh ick h e ath ; 
day (Impart. Adding to the the brritation squad also in- 
international flavour «f the dudes Steves, the Scotla nd 
event, now in its nineteenth wing, and Winterbettom. the 
season, is foe Paris University England flanker 
Ctah. Black heath fndnde in their 

Harlequins have met with squad Bond, the former Sale 
mixed fortunes overseas, win- captain, who win meet some old 
ntiw nn» of their main mt tel w*, colleagnes during the 

to Sydney, 22-10 against East- course of the afternoon. Bond, 
era Suburbs, but losing n Simpson and Thomas (Sale) and 
Manly 28-7. In the process, two Bockton (OrreU) woe members 
of (heir locks. of the England party which 

Harlequins pfayed in a serens ptayed the Sydneyhttff- 
coeSSsSTtapJSh America 
during July, numbering among 

their guests oa that occasion JJl* pre * d over three 

Cnsworth and Evans, of Lekes- 

” f Btockhaalh. OW Belvedere, Neath. Pool B: 
Headingky. Melville looked m senwk, pans university cub. Sate, 
particularly bouncy mood during HartoMns. 

kv- x 

anyway, having no Corinthian 
concept of amateurism to limit 
them; if their leading players are 
not actually paid match by 
match, there are still many 
material inducements. 

How will all this affect the 
average British rugby player and 
supporter? Directly, perhaps, 
not much. Indirectly, quite a bit 
When overseas players perform 
as well as they did at Twick- 
enham last April, and British 
teams are beaten regularly, foe 
gap between foe two is bound to 
be questioned. 

In essence this season, as 
competition increases in the 
British domestic structure, as 
foe pressure of outside attrac- 
tions increases, as the supply of 
youngsters coming into foe 
game decreases or is less adroitly 
taught. British players and of- 
ficials may have to ask them- 


for Captain 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Captain Mark Phillips is 
noised to make his long-awaited 
comeback to the British team 
alter being selected wilh the . 
Range Rover team's Distinc- 
tive. as one of six riders to 
compete in the Polish threeslay- 
cvtini championship at Biaiy 
Bor between September 18-21. 

The team of four, to be 
announced on September 17 
after foe veterinaiy inspection, 
will be chosen from foe wold 
champion Virginia Lcng. with 
Night Cap. Rachel Hunt, with 
her Badminton runner-up Pig. 
let, Madeleine Gurdon, wnh her 

consistently-placed The Done 

Thing. Ian Stark, with his 
Badminton and Scottish 
championships winner Sir 
Wattic. and Jane ThelwaU, with 
King’s Jester, whose chief daim- 
lo-lame appears to be third . 
place at foe Breda three-day- l 
event in The Neth erlan ds. The 
surprise exclusion from the six 
is Rodney Powell, with Catkin 
of Rush 3 11. who are only re- 
serves despite their superb 
performance at Badminton th:. 
year where they finished 12th. 

Five teams - Britain, the 
United States. West Germar- 
Poland and the Soviet Unkv- 
arc contesting the ebampios 
ships, where the course is c-. 
peered to be comparable in su> 
vo that of the world champion- 
ships in Australia last Ma>. 

"jf Captain Phillips is sel e cted 
os one of the team of four (the 
other two compete as individ- 
uals), it will be the first time he 
has competed as a member oran 
official British championship 
team since riding Lincoln at the 
Alternative Olympics at 
Fbntainebleu, in France, in 
1980. His eventing career, filled 
with success in foe 1970s, 
including three Badminton wins 
and an Olympic team gold 
medal, has been punctuated 
with bad luck over foe last six 

Lincoln, with whom he won 
his fourth Badminton in 1981, 
went lame soon afterwards. His 
replacement. Classic Lines, was 
heading for foe 1982 world 
championships in West Ger- 
many but was withdrawn be- 
cause of injuiy. The horse bteut 
stopping and Captain Phillips 
finally gave up the struggle and 
sold him to America, where he is 
racing with great success. 

Two i<»"« years were followed 
by foe emergence of Distinctive 
as a potential top-class event 
horse. He had been bought by 
Captain Phillips as a three-year- 
old for £400 and had been 
brought on carefully. When he 
earned a place on foe short list 
for the world championships in 
Australia in May. after winning 
last year's Cbalsworfo force-day 
event in Derbyshire, Captain 
Phillips’s luck looked to have 

Two days before Distinctive 
was due to go into quarantine 
for foe world championships, 
the horse was discovered to 
have a skin disease. It was 
quickly cleared up but it meant 
he had to be withdrawn from the 
squad. Now, once again, .the 
impressive eight-year-old geld- 
ing by Don Carlos is poised to 
help his master back into foe 
forefront of foe sport. 

TEAHtTTw Dora Thing (MGuntonl: PtaU 
H Ifl Hunt); NtaM Cap (v Lang I; Dtetnaw 
HpsTsir Wane (I feri^Wngs 
(J Ttwiwal). fl »T«: Cafldn of 
Rusha* iR PoweHV 

I 1 rVl 

game: foe 
amateurism or Rugby Union 
played to foe highest possible 
standard, even if that involves 
paying players for their time if 
not their performance. 

Apart from being a contradic- 
tion in terms, I do not believe a 
pro fe s s i onal form of Rugby 
Union is desirable or inevitable, 
so long as players whose skill 
and dedication enables them to 
stride foe international stage 
receive consideration appro- 
priate to this day and age. 

Sport opens new vistas un- 
dreamed of by those who 
framed foe amateur regulations 
many years ago. “They were 
rules made by gentlemen, for 
gentlemen in a gentlemen's 
dub." Reid says. “That situa- 
tion no longer obtains." 

But if foe game remains for 
foe players, and those players 
are going to contend against 
each other in a world champion- 
ship. they must all abide by the 
same regulations and be gov- 
erned by a body with foe power 
to authorize and to punish. That 
is the challenge offered this long 
season: can rugby’s ruling 
classes administer its destiny 
because if they do not, there will 
be others, less desirable, who 





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1 T* E 
1 1 * 

Heifer rejoins 
to defend title 

Philip Heffer and View Point, 
who helped Britain to win foe 
Nations Cup at Utige last 
weekend, are in foe squad of five 
who will represent Bn tain at the 
European Young _ Riders 
Championships at Reims from 
foe 11-14 September (Jenny 
Mac Arthur writes). 

Heffer and Gillian Green- 
wood with Mon Santa are foe 
two most experienced riders of 
foe squad. Miss Greenwood also 
had a successful Nations Cup 
outing at Falsrerbo, Sweden, in 
July. Both riders were members 
of foe t eam which won foe gold 
medal at last year’s champion- 
ships, although on that occasion 
Miss Greenwood rode Sky .Fly, 
foe mare aged 19, on which foe 
became the ladies national 
champion at Windsor in May. 

Britain first competed in foe 
young riders championships in 
1983 when they won the team 
gold and the individual silver 
and bronze medals. The follow- 
ing year they took the team 

TEAM: View PoM IP Hotter); Mon S*rt* 






Hard As Iron 
to recoup 
losses from 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Ibid As Iron is napped to livo prefer Easy Line now that he is 
up io his name at Hamilton racing again over what appears 

to be his : 


.Park today by winning the 
- . Pjumbeentre Handicap just 
three days after he was involved 
. 'in that dose finish for a much 
more valuable prize at Sandown 
on Saturday. 

Normally. I would think twice 
1 about going for a horse given so 
little respite. But in this ease 
'' there is evidence to support my 
•'.contention that Patrick 
; Haslam’s three-year-old thrives 
.-on hard graft. 

In June he won a ten-furlong 
- handicap at Nottingham on a 
' - Monday and capped that only 
five days later when he made an 
‘ * even longer trip north from 
' ■ Newmarket to Ayr to win a 
- similar race, again in the hands 
■_ of Tyrone Williams, who knows 
*- him so well. 

' After that Hard As Iron was 
' successful at Newmarket where 
he ran on strongly to beat Top 
Range. Enharr and King's Cru- 
sade. all winners since. 

in his last two races. though. 
'Hard As Iron has had to be 
. content with second place, each 
time at Sundown. But in neither 
'instance was he remotely dis- 
graced: first when he was beaten 
. three lengths by Captain's Niece 
.’and more recently when he ran 
the useful Rattle Along to 
’’threcq uaners of a length. 

La rlicr in the day Has lam and 
. his talented young jockey can 
.*• also win the Royal Scots Dra- 
jcuon tiuards Cup with Easy 
line, who has also been pretty 
' busy of laic. 

, A decisive winner of a race 
, confined to apprentices at 
Newbury midway through last 
’ nion i h. Easy Line then 
; ' founh at Yatmouih and third at 
’ • Warwick. 

The key lit his chance now is 
. the devision to reven to sprint- 
ing over si\ fiirlongs again after ■ 
-lading to last further. For his 
. wins have been achieved only 
• when lie lias raced over this 

While conceding tiui! Cooper 
'Raring Nail and Bargain Pack 
an* (Kith in cvccllcm fettle. I still 

optimum trip. 

Newmarket raiders look 
poised to do well on the Scottish 
track today with Falling Leaf 

(2.15) and Collywestoa (4.15) 
registering a double for those 
habitual long-disiancc travellers 
Mark Prescott and George 
Duffidd. and Buckley sustain- 
ing his improvement by win- 
ning the Plumbccntrc Sid rad 
Boiler Slakes. 

Falling Leaf, a decisive win- 
ner at Yarmouth last month, is 
preferred to Mubdi and Premier 
. Lad in the EBF HaUcalh Stakes.. 

Stable companion 
Colly weston. who won. the last 
race at Chester on Saturday, can 
also help Duffidd to inch still 
closer towards his first century 
of winners in a season and thus 
achieve an ambition. 

For obvious reasons it invari- 
ably pa vs to follow horses with 
form ai ibis early stage of the 
jumping season. In going for 
Melendez (2.15). Brittanlcns 

(3. 15) and American Giri (3.45) 
tu win their respective races this 
afternoon at Devon and Exeter. 
I am hanking on winning form 
this summer. 

Condon Lad, my selection for 
thc Ski mouth Novices* Hurdle, 
wifi find life easier today. Last 
lime out he was unfortunate to 
run up against one so smart as 
Parang. who had already made 
an impressive debut at Market 

At Fcimwcll Park it should 
pay it) follow Captain Dawn in 
(he St Ouintin Handicap Oiasc. 
Trained nearby at Findon by 
Josh Clifford. Captain Dawn has 
already won three limes around 
FontwcIL the most recent being 
last month when his jockey 
Kieharxl Rowe was seen at his 

i-inally. Bratmslnn Brook's 
overall form, allied to his 
proven ability toad around the 
figure of eight course, should 
stand him in good stead fur (lie 
langmere Novices' Chase. He 
had pretty good form last season 

Lord Porchester’s 
Print makes 
his own headline 

Phoenix Champion Stakes at Phoenix Park where her rivals, include John Dunlop's ] 
scorer. Highland Chieftain, and the French trio, Double Bed,-Triptych and BaHlamont. 

Toro has a way with the ladies 

Allen PinKon. (he owner of 
Sunday's Bodwriser-Artingtoa 
Million winner. Estrapade. is 
fairly cnnfidnr That he knows 
where the mare's victory figores 
on her trainer. Charlie 
Wbittinghani's lengthy fist of 
accomplish men ts. 

"I think it's his second biggest 
thrill.** Paolson said andvr the 
shade of a multi-coloured 
Arlington marquee, “bettered 
only by Ferdinand's win in the 
Kentucky Derby earlier this 

One nun who does rate the 
Million success al the top of hbi 
list is the winning jockey. Fer- 
nando Tom. a man who is 
establishing something of a 
reputation with the ladies. ' 

Toro, aged 45. had previoasly 
had his best ride in the Million 
when second on Royal Heroine 

From Guy Butchers, Chicago 

two years ago. while that same 
filly gave him his biggest win 
when taking -the Breeders' Cop 
Mile at Hollywood Park later 
the same year. 

’ Torn said: “1 just get along 
-pretty well with the fillies. I treat 
• them the same way as my wife. 
We've been together 26 years 
and I never fight her back. 

Torn lives with his wife. Iris, 
and . Tour children near Santa 
Anita. California. He has been 
riding for some 30 years and is 
considered in be one of the best 
grass riders in the United 

. “I came from a very poor 
family in <Tulc.". Toro said. 
***M) mother always (oh) me yon 
have to gel a job and go to work. 
II was my idea to go to the 
racetrack as 1 had stopped off 

there every day. on ray way to 
school to watch the workouts." 

lie said:’** I have to prove at 
my- age that I can do what (he 
young kids are doing. This 
- makes me fed good, especially 
when this kind of race is shown 
all around the world. When yon 
are competing against the best in 
the world, and al my age. you 
hare a lot to prove." 

Pennine Walk and Tele- 
prompter. who finished third 
and seventh for England in 

Sunday's Million, may well be 
■renewing rivalry io the Breeders' 
Cap Mile at . Santa Anita on 
November I. 

Both burses returned to their 
bam in goad shape after the 
Million, as did the other three 
European runners. Over The 
Ocean. May soon and 

Lord Porchester, the Queen V 
racing -manager. received some 
good news at Hamilton Park 
yesterday when his two-year-old 
Print, a soft ofthewnart sprinicr- 
Sharpo. won the Phirabcemcr' 
Myson Heating Maiden Stakes. * 

Print drifted from odds on to 
t f-IO favourite, but confirmed 
the- promise- he showed 'on his 1 
Wolverhampton debut - last 
week with -a comfortable 
victory. ' 

No sooner had Supreme State' 
got his nose m froni-approach- 
- ing the final forionariran be =was ' 
challenged by the tavouritt on., 
whom Raul Eddcry-dnrwdcar lev 
score by one. and a half lengths.' . 
Supreme State ran on for second 
place, two lengths , ahead of the 
unlucky Entire. 

* It came as. no surprise when a 
stewards inquiry was - an- 
nounced; as - Supreme Slate 
drifted right as David Price look 
him into the lead and caused 
George Duifidd to snatch up 
Entire. • 

The stewards considered’ that 
the result had not been affected, 
and quickly confirmed the orig- 
inal placing!,- ■ 

Mick Easterby. at home 
gathering in (he harvest- was on 
the mark with Harry Hulk who 
tended a hefty gamble In the. 
Plumrcmrc Gnindfoss Pump 
MaiOCo. Stakes. The ctiistnuL 
whom’ .his ’ Aberdeenshire 
owncr.Charics Spence, shares, 
with the Sheriff Hutton' trainer, 
was backed from -1 1-8 . to the 
equivalent -odds on. mainly, 
through office money. 

Terry Lucas, the Australian ' 
jockey, oh the way to. his :17th . 
success of the scaspn;ftad Harry 
Hull handily placed for -most or 

the race, but it was not until the 
latter slags that he produced his 
mount to : get up and:;beat 
Grange Parra, Lady, who had ted 
sooti 'after' .the two-furiong 
marker, by half a length. • 

• ftil Eddery showed no signs of 
jet .% at Windsor yesterday 
after a ’ Transatlantic dash back 

from Chicago, where he hod 
ridden Pennine Walk into third 
place, in the Arlington Million. ■ 
Eddery completed a double on 
Esdalc and ’ Wishtori. EsdaJc 
shared hK victory withSafnarid* 
in the Winter H'iH''Stakes.The' 
judge took 20 minutes -to 'reach' 
his decision: 

Northern Lad was down to 
11-2 before the sian of the 
Additional Apprentices Handi- 
cap. but Jack Holt's three-year- 
old unseated ’his rider. Pan* 
Francis, a furlong out after his 
saddle slipped. 

Fortunately. Ffancis quickly 
recovered and. the race went to 
Restless Rhapsody, a welcome 
success for- bis Lam bourn 
trainer- Kim .Brasscy. who 
claimed afterwards that be 
couldn't remember his last 

Brasscy was full of praise foe 
hts winning rider. Andy White- 
hall. who. is apprciuiccdto Reg 
HolIipshcacL He said. "Andy's 
got a very good head on him and 
rides "with a lot . 'of common 
sense. The horse has a lot oT 
kbilitv. -but white ; he doesn't 
always" use it Andy got 'the best 
oin or him here and. rode' d great 
robe.** ’ 

. WfrIhfoaJI v4s riding ‘his fifth 
winner on. the' 10-1 chance 
Restless: Rhapsody, 'who had 
.fuftf i 'length to spare over 
.Madam Muffin at .the Jinc, 1 

Harwood inquiry Record chance 

Guy. ' Harwood. the 
pulbonuigh ’ trainer, is due to 
appear before the Jockey Club's 
disciplinary committee this 
morning al an con- 
sider whether the trainer has 
committed a breach of the rules 
regarding, the' registration of his 
retainer with his stable jockey. 
( ire v illc Starkey. 

■ The inquiry will take place 
under Rule 75. which states thai 
the terms of any retainer must 
he registered at the Racing 

Calendar office. 

. Phd Tuck's attempt to match 
the 2.7-> car-old record for the 
most consecutive number of 
winners ridden by a National 
Hunt jockey could be made on 
Dordnicunr at Southwell 

tomorrow; - 

Tuck's double at Perth last 
■Saturday- left him one short of 
Johnny Gil ben's -record of ten 
straight winners, set in Septem- 
ber MSB. 

‘ Tuck's next ride will probably 
be on the Gordon Richards- 
ftained Uuronicura in.lbeRac- 
: iiig .POST. Handicap Hurdle. 


Big names 
miss out 
on training 

By Keith Macklin 

Several big names arc missing 
from the squad or 31 players 
selected by -Maurice Bam ford, 
the Great Britain coach, for 
special training al Lilicshal! 
from Monday to.Thursday. next 
week: The course, which - will 

— _ Jp» . 

handling skills and tactic?. is 
designed for those members, of 
lhc British squad who’havckcpt 
up fitness training throughout 
the summer. . - ; 

. Players whose Gto$ss have 
not met the required standards 
are omitted. They include sea- 
soned' internationals Mick 
Burke. Harry Pinner, who ’was 
Iasi season's captain, and Kevin 
Raync. They will have further 
opportunities to take part in 
squad sessions once they have 
proved their fitness. There are 
eight uncapped players in the 
squad - Bob Beard more. Bloor. 
Forster. Mike Gregory. Mason. 
Quirk. Simpson and Spencer. 
The session will be under the 

f uidancc of Bam ford, plus the 
ireat Britain manager. Lcs 
Beilinson, and the director of 
coaching Phil Larder. 

SQUADS, c ArtnertjjM (» Hfltenjjj^R 

C Bwton 

v nansor (Leeds). L Crooks 

(HuBL D Dnnmond (Lw#). * WW 
[warrtngtonj, j. Etferante (Wtaan). J 
FtaMhous* (UMnes), WF tarter (Warm*, 
ton). D Rra (Feaffioretane Roma). * 

sap ” 

Lydon ' 

Nobly. .(Bradford 


row). G 
Mtmha«Ml.G Spencer 

ttyterfWMnes). I 
twm). A 'Platt t£ 

*- Going: good 

1 1 Drawn SM»t, rote 


, middle to high numbers best 
2.15 EBF HALLEATH STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 523: 60 (20 runners) 

3 01 FALLING LEAF (B Haggas) M Prescott 9-4 _... GDeffieWU 

. 4 00 JWffiSWN (Mrs W Gnffiibs? P Monteffi 8-11 ...... — 1* 

8 <0 DANCE IB>(G Watson) Ron Thompson 8-1 1.. ... $PGfflta6 

. 12 00 GOLOetTOPMlDAtefewerdeneiEBffenE-ll . .. A Mackey 7 

13 20 GREEN'S OLD MASTER (USA) (R Gmn PamtngSlW Jams 8-11 


.... D Mcheown S 


204020 AftlABELA { A Wregnl M Bntran 8-6 . ........ . —3 

3000 GARDEMA LADY iwSprok) T Barron 88 ... TOotanG 

024034 UNPAC NORTH MOOR (B) (bn Pac Con UOlWBsey 85. .. - J Lowe 9 

231 UPSET(DttP0n)J5MW0n9-1.. .. 
40400 JUST ONE MORE lEEMm)EB«n 8-12 

040034 SLVERS ERA UCresswenNCaHaghan 7-12 ... 












23 MUBOtfUSAHHF)(H AI-MaMoun | H Thomson Jones 8- It A Mwnqr I 

030 PREMIER LAO (riem Prop LKOW Pearce 811 ^ . DMctalsA 

-34 RED TWIUtBflf-tFRl (T Bah) R WtutSLer 811 

8-1* - 


00 STRAIGHT B)GEtJTimiey)TFav<mt 8-11 . . 
STRAY NO MORE (Mrs J RamateOT Barren 8-11. . .. 

ANAKA (T Warner) K Slone 88 

433 COME ON OYSTONlOysionEstMancpJ Berry 8-8.. . 

0 00LmN0(MKs2Greeti}i*s5ZG>een84i. 

HAOTHARRET [Mrs S Brook) WEteey 88 

LONG VEW (Mrs LCateylMreGRevoiey 8-8 

0 OAK FIELD [JKlkUneiJ HaMana 88 

0434 SUPERCUBE (USA|(8 Yewdey Com Ud)E CWF 84 
0 SWEET MARY LOU (Mrs S Bmrows) G FUJWOs 84 .. . 

.. . D McKeoan 3 

W Rpm 10 

P Cook 19 



K Dailey 11 

’. . I" - J Lowe 2 


.. . J Ckwn (5) 17 

Woody Carter (7) 3 

. -—20 

4214 COLLEGE WIZARD (Ms C Ounnefl] M Tompkns 7-7 R Morse (5)4 

(00-30 Upset. 9-2 GoBtige Wizard. 5-1 Boattwm Lad. 7-1 Unnac North Moor, 
a I Severs Era. Pasiwina. 1O-1 Atattela. 12-1 Mas Drummond. (4-t Rosns Glory. 
16 1 others 

FORM: OANRDN (8-7) 8* -1 4(h and MR GRUMPY (9-7) forth* 1 '4! beck On rt 7 behind 
Liyhrnng user (8-6)01 Edmuirgh (71. El 101. good.'Aiig U Harter MR GRUMPYItMT 
Short head Catienck wmner Irom SparshoU (941 (61. E1327. firm. Jane 7. 7 ranL 
DANADN (8-8) had run neck 2nd 10 Spittm Mck(B-6)hent(5f. El337.fimi.JtdY23.9ran). 
BRUTUS (9-1) was 1 ' I back m 3rd UPSET (8-1 1) boat L1NPAC NORTH ' ‘ 

. . . - _ - Pnwndusly 

PASHM MA (9-1) beaten head and neck into 3rd behmd ShutOecock Girl (8-12) at 
Canenck Wttn SILVERS ERA (B-IO) a away 401 (61. £1694. good. Aug 14. 10 ran) MISS 
DRUMMOND (88) beat ROSIE’S GLORY (8-81 short hedd in Nottingham setter (6f. 
£963 good Aug 12. 10 ran) 



i Taring Leal. 7-2 MabdL 1 1-2 Premier Lad. )3-2 flock Machine. 10-t Green s 
CM MaM« 13-1 Straight Edge. Come On Oyston. Supercube. u-r Red TwhghL 

Hamilton selections 

B> Mandarin 

' ’ 2.15 I ailing Leaf. 2.45 liav Line. X 1 5 I’ashmina. 5.45 HARD AS 
. IRON (uup). 4.15 ( 'ally western. 4.45 Buckley. 

Ii> Our Newmarket ( orrespondcni 

2.15 l ulling Leaf. 2.45 Kav> Line. 3.15 College Wizard. 3.45 Hard 
-\s iron. 4.15 ( ollxwcMon. 4.45 Buekley 

*' ' Bv Mielwel Seely 

3.15 PASHMINA (imp). 3.45 Hard As Iron. 4.45 Buckley. 

' El .914: 6f) (16) 

’ l 2100-10 VEHDREW TREI2E (D| (P Raymond! W Pearce 9-7 HCOwrwtlO 

3.45 PLUMBCEHTFE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2.788: 1m II) (12) 

3 411122 HARD AS IRON (BF)(M1Mclwns)P Ha Art 9-7 TW Wa n a l 

J» 0004)00 FASSA (Mrs H Cambams) John FibGeraid 9-1 TLucssfl 


000044 DANCING TOM tD)(J Turney) TFaemnt 9-1 
212000 LULLA6Y BLUES (O (P SawH) M H Easterby 810 
100143 EASYLncmiSuuiaPHastamM 
040001 ROrAL HOUSER (p) (F Leel R HoOrjhead 88 (8rrt 



004001 SONNE WELLE (axCIf a 

U IS wow 
IVAetR) J 

S UWson84. 

J Canal (7) 7 
. TQrtanB 
G Ouftwtd 4 

203233 ICAROOJlK AJ-SanBN Ca*aqn»»9-0 G DuflieM B 

0404 LUCKY BLAKE (W Rffissoo) C ihonion 8-l3 MTebtmnfTJII 

8 014000 MR KEWMBJ. (B CanBe) M Tompkms 8-1 (Seal MMinmer7 


10 00300 TURNTEM BACK JACK (CAN) (B)(TLaani A Batoy 8-10.. ■ R Cochrane 4 

13 400113 GIRDLE NESS (EOF] (FuO Curie Ud) N Tiiiier 84 KkmTMder3 

1* 040100 BALNERVK) (D Nenmo) Deny!. Smflh 85 LCbwnodt lO 

I 1 ) 003244 SHARONS ROVALE(aF)(WB*ch|RWMakar 84 K Bradshaw (5) 5 

1' 210002 BRADBURY MALL (MWatterson Ltd) K Stone B-l KOarky2 

18 000400 TOWER FAME tmvUisPyongiE Ekta 8-1- AMacksyfi 

M-4 Hard As iron. 7-2 1 Caro. 5-1 Gwfle Ness. 6-1 Lucky Blaka 7-1 Turn Em Back 
Jack. 8-1 Bradbury Hal. 10-1 Sharon s Royaie. 12-1 others 

FORM: HARO AS IRON (8-4) ’J runner-up io Ranie Alona(8-9) M Sandown on Saturday 
«im21 rS927. good Aug 30) ICAR0J8-I1) V',l3rt) lo The CrymgQgme (7-12) at Ayr 
<tm2t.C2261.gdod July tSSranJ LUOCY BLAKE.A4H «4th to Geraghty Aqam (M) « 
Beverley (8 51 maroen £894. good to soft. Aug 27. 16 ran) MR KEWMJLL has shown M- 
0i> -Mice (8- 10) beatmg Breve And Bold (84) iM at Redear (81. E201 6. good. May 6.28 
run) TURN 'EM BAmc JACK (8-8)81 5th roOhaleein (84) at Newcastle on pendtunste 
-J nl <81 maiden £2303. good. Aug n. l8ren) GIROUE »«SS (8-11)1 Ll 3rd to PRO- 
CESS ANDROMEDA |8-11| at ffcdcar (lm il sener. £918. good. Aug fl 4 ran) 
SHARON'S ROYALE |B-El 1 M 4th ot19 to OuaWairess (84) at NowosUa BALNERMO 
(8 6) behmd |6) CiSlB good to soft. Aug 23) BRADBURY HALL (7-1 1) VJ 2nd to Kings 
Cnisaoe(8-l31» Riponuni 2L £2060. good. Aug 25. 17 ran). 

Se te eft o n : BRADBURY HALL T 

OOMlt tuU)GAMP«Ckte)WTdMMMriGRe<m)wa-l ... JMIa Oawkar (71 W 
800000 CUMBRIAN MJO (B) (D) luanDnatl W lull M H Eastaiby 81 A 

800040 FANNY R0BW (0 Snwfti Denys SnMh 7-12 
0 30000 TAMALPAB IB) (D wans) H Caftngndge 7-8 
020000 LA BELLE OF SANTO l J So 
8U4M GLORIANT (8) (M Bnttamj M Bmtam T T 
000200 RICH BfTCN (Mrs E Sane) DOupnianr-7 

Maefcay 15 
LChamock 5 
R Morse (5) 12 

Dams Sown 7-7 JQuwi|S)l 

»' / J Low* 2 

.. A Proud 11 

£896: 1m 40yd) (12) 

J 013220 MAMR.VN GATE (F Ken) J S VWsenSO... . 

800104 - NAP MAJESTICA (0 BramMI M Camacho 9-3 
OOiM TORRtGGlA (TTY) (Mrs A Wcfti) E tnosa 9-0-- 
040000 MASTER MUSIC (M Button) MBnttM 813 

7 ? EJKy l me 4.1 Bargain Pack. 81 Cooper Racing Nad. 11-2 Royal Rawer. 
,61 Sonneneaa 8-1 Lutaby Blues. 12-1 Vendrert Trtwe. IB-1 others 
(FORM: VENOREtM TRE1ZE (8-13) 7m to Tncfc Or Treal (B-10) al Tlwsk (71 good Mey 
10) t-artrriB ilioeai Monmvky (S-8> 1* -lat EdaSwigh (7(. £956. good. Aoni 21. iSren). 

.It biU’Jkay (64 £1926 fl«W 10 soft Auo 17. 16 ran) ROYAL ROUSER 18 
bn.wO.mcw (9 3)1- laiCatwrck DANCWGTOMI9-2) l .-IMCk4ih(6l. 


=2fflSBR S 


K Dailey 8 

001 COLLYWESTON (Lady MacOoneu-BuchanacdM Prescott 810 GDu tUdC 
010004 HARE WLL(B)JD)()*sJBas*)H Rohan 86 — J BhnsdMe 12 

000200 KEEP COOL (FR) (Mrs J Bigg) R NoNnshead 8«4 

42TKH TROPIOO iMr* T Bftl P Hsuim 84 

&OOH2 VITAL STEP®) (T WWa) T Fartwt 8-4_~- ~ 

0000 JELLY Jtti. ID McK4nM) R Alan 82 

003-010 STANFORD ROSE (M BMant M frotan 82. — 
DOODIO WATEHDLATH (B) |7 BaikB) E Waymes 7-12— 

W Ryan 11 
. . MRmanwl 

. .. A Maefcay 2 


M Fry 3 



Seleetton; Easy LINE 

: HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1.788: 5f) (14) 

1 011100 MR GRUMPY (C-D) (K Ikgsani Denys Smtfi 87 I 

3 103040 BWJTUS (0) (Dowager Lady Bute) J S UNson 9-4 

« 403324 DANADN |0 rmncnlRnn Thompson 9-? | 

2-1 Tropes, a.i watendum. 8T Nap Mqmuet . Cooywaston, 7-1 Vital Snpo. 
OZiagooa i2-i Mawd^GMe Keep Coot 14-1 Hare ha 16-1 erthere- 


I M AJOR WAU JPt (IN OaskwiEEktn 4-80 AMadkay4 

? MARMEirS STAR (B) (G B Turnout LH) efts C Uoyd-Jones 4-9-0 .... — 3 

D Metals 14 



BUCKLEY (D) (Mrs A CtHfynani L Curav 34-11 

GREY SALUTE (CAN) |Mrs PMeynetfR Smeson3-84 

12 820 USANA |BF) (H H Agi Khan) M Smite 30-L- 

15 0Q323 TOniEYA (Lord Hmnguwi J Handay 30-1 



ISWMworth 1 
M A G iles (7) 5 


13-8 Grey SaUe. 7-4 Loans. 4-1 Toneya. Buckley. 16-1 others. 

- Windsor results 


IMewhafl 10-11. 2 Madam Muffin (B 
Lynch IM) 3 Muaic Rmm (B Cook. 
II I) ALSO RAN 94 lav Astarte (5m). 
»“ n 2 Nortnarn Led. 6 MtuarL 15-2 Say 
»!Pardnn (6m) II Webssare Feast. 12 

• Ardent Partner. 20 Craua Lwu DOHwan 
-Tflay. AMre H4. Jacqu Joy. 25 Persian 

• Bariui 33 Tma Rosa iSren. *A V>1.2). 
- n'lK Bressey al Upper Lampflum. 

00 C320 £590. £3 50 Dt=. 

CSF El 26. 51 Tricati: 

“iTuie £15 
*7*290 70 
•“.ft 2S9J3- 

xoteni. EASTERN OASarrvwkam. 
* 2. The U11(R Guest 8)}. 3. Haughty 
: • Hghty (R Cur ant 14-t). 4. Ctiep iS o w e d 
rmwon 12-1). also ran- 5 lav 
j>> nnrmg Form^ 11-2 BeMsptman. 7 
V« >addingMn Beat (5tm 8 By Chance. 9 
mdonMsmp (6tn|, 12 Cream Gel. «4 Lji 

Absahmiy Bomrere. 20 1 fancy 

Shanty, nk. 4L sit hg 'Al. 11 

T) ALSO RAN. 11-10 lav Tender Type 

«thj. n Ft* Speed Anew <000. taCarron 

we* iStrtf. 14 Panrtj 7 ran NR- 

Fneprool nk. 1' -I. txL 31. 3L R Smyth « 

Epsom Tokr £5 08; £2.90. £210. DF 
£1030 CSF £27 52 
SJ) 150 1 CHBJBANG (W Canon. 7-1). 
2 KymeMe (P Rctwoon. 81): 3. Out On 
A Flyer (D Brown. 14-1). 4. Kony Pride fj 
Re*d-8-H ALS0RAN.4laif TrsztaShnrok 
(pul 8 Bob de Boulogne. 9 Jabe Mac 

rfemi Dutch Courage. 12 Jah ffiess. 14 

Enctumrd Tanas. Milan (5th) 15 Make 

Or Mar. Natron a Song. 20 Lady Behaoe. 

Tap The Baton. GoMorma. Segoewt. 17 

■an * i. 2' I. hd. 2VJ. nk. J Dursop at 

ArunOBL Tot*: £4 ». E2 10. £1.80. £430. 
£1 50 DF £1560. CSF: £46.18 Thcaat 

5-30 (im 31 ISOfd) 1. ALL HASTE (S 
|;2 Solve " 

Gutter (art. 10 ftMiJMll 

Cutrmmn dancer. IS Km Crfe. 20 Bata 

Rowrey. Tidaheyety*. OT Yore Mark. 
Tradesman. zirredB H^jh^h). Mom 
QOlphtt). -Grwtttnfl Danaar. 33 Jarrtnwi. 
Roya) Aires. Tree Fdre. Gem) Chwan. 20 
ran. V4. y. ',l 2t ah hd. M Bream at 
WMNL TQM- £17.00: £3.40. 12.4a £250. 

£1.70 OF- £74 70 CSF- £135 88. Tnrast 



2. Maffir (T Lucas. 

Webstar: 25-1^ 

E Alston 

±*« Preston Tore £3020. £480. £150, 
£*£250. £280 Of E3590 CSF £6604 
TneaM 1 CTOS 75 BOUQM hi B20gnt 
•C » 230(601. SHADY HHGMTSIPTJh. tr 
“II). 2 Mow Very Toectttg (M Mis. INS 
fcvL 3. CbsSc In The Aft (fi Thomson. 20- 
•M?. ALSO BAN 7-2 CnrtWa Dancer (5th). 

* .8 P«ren4M(6(h), lEFaired- Ncore Msatral 

-.rtjnj. Rock Ot Ages. 14 Mren Fad. Ski 
^.Sipe 33 Bbwk tad- Crweauj. U 
Carabine. Uanko Gold. Regal Rhythm. 
* \Yjmrafi 16 ran. 4L «■ W . JL URW 
"*»m»irong at NewnurteL Tw E830c 
£f3tt MJM. DF; EI200. CSF: 

1 t'tlfiM 

^ V * X A.9 2t 22y«J. SAMARS) (N H 

v.“twi5wfi a n t- ES9ALE (Pat Eddery, 
•k* 13-8 lav). 1 Oia p u M Nn (G Stukay, 3- ft. 

* ALSO HAN 106-30 KMlrter (Mil T4 

. uamfAmi 16GMesa(fiita33puretnoL 

66 Kavaka. JacqueMe. 9 ran. Dead Heat 
' n * -L 4). hd. Samend M Stoute at 
. Ne<*markat. Esdaie J Tim « 
Bcckhatripton. Tow SwMrtd t37p. 
Ktfcde £130. 5*trenJ OSft . Eajrt 
. £1 10. Oxoruren £1.10. DF £9 SO. CSF: 

* Sam* id 4 Bd4la £908. Eadale 3 

» Sanunfl £647 

* 4.30 (im* >50 «d) I. WISHLQNIPM 
I Eddery 2. Saw Alexandra |G 

* Carur 8H3.S«BflmiWiir{5C«i4h4n.4. 

Cauthan. 4-9 tov|;2' T'aNenl (T Ives. 16-ifc 
3 Gkwaied |M Wrg h am. 100-U ALSO 
RAN 4Fma)Sarectron.5MourKtBbre.20 

Cuon Sound. 25 MAana Pwsce (Sag. 

50l Mr Savvas. 100 Loch Blue (Wh)L Gera 

Mart (*#>V Sre re rm ei a God. Be Pounre. 

Norharo Csstlfl. Sharp Reel 14 ran 10L 

41. 2* I. 4L a H Ceet at NewnreiML Tore: 

El SO £1.10. £2 3a £1030 OF: £7.60. 

CSF. £1041. Ptacepab£475Ja. 

Hamilton Park 


218(51)1. HARRY HUtMT DidW. 811 
tevF 2 Grenge Farm Udy (M Rennrer, 5- 
n 2 Hobeumea Kaffir (S Pert*. 20-1). 

3A5 (Im 
McKaown 7-4 

AL5& row?-4"p-Sv'Norinem Rwer. _ 

Muscat mm »mjL 10 Reftxnwd Hib*. i* 

Snowdanw (StTO. 33 Oir Annw (4th). 8 
ran. 2W. 4L GL nk. BL R WMetar at 
Wrtrerby Tow £230; E1.1Q. J2 10- 
I960. DF: £1640. CSF: £152). Winner 

bought « tar 3.00Qgns. 

4.15 ftm 40yd) 1. 1 SHAROirSROYALE 
(K Bradataw. 9-& 2. Nortffimt Gtemer (A 

MKhty. 5-lL 3- Bn**** (M Wodtl 

IV ALSO RAN. J “ ' - “ 


j.5-2 (•« Flyrng ZrecL 6 The 

Pimeaaa Beffi. Z e a tatt ie. 2S WMlg 
Wnt Brandon Grey 50 Manfe. CneMH 

Hdiaa M ran m i*L 4L aft hd. i UR 

ugtMaker el Watfrertiy. Tare £430: £1-72 

JmmO. DF: £500. CSF: £2859. 

US (In 40yd) 1. HELLO GYPSY (W 
Qoadren. T2-U: 2. O oM H aii e il (P Bbrke. 

9-1). 3. Heptane Chance (M Fry. 181 1 4. 

Good N Sharp (jLowe. 12-ij. ALSO RAN: 
? law Ham Hinai (9M. 6 KOQRy t P«. 

Muscat Ami. 66Peiemni it ran U5L 

■' L I’ l BMW Btsmibr <U »wffi 

Hutton Tore £230: £132 Elja £330. 
DF: £3 U CSF. £5.42 
245 [5ft i. pratr (Paid Fddary. 1M0 
lav)- 2. S re wre State (0 Pnet 4- Ik 3. 
Mid (GDulMd. 7-2). ALSO RANYHt 

Berkeley (5th). M BeffiMMr. 20 Dtnaftw 

(6th) Net So $Ry. Leven Lm («ft. 33 

Anstun.MtsaOrtptey ftlraalUSMU 

M. nk W HgssmosJBass _ _ 

Tote: £182 n.00. £230. £230 

£2 70 CSF: £671. Attar a atmaras' 
mqwv the rest* stood- 

3.15 (6ft 1. WARTHLL LADY (K Dariw. 
14-11.2 Throne Ot Gk*y (D McnoHa. lu- 
ll 3. Tit WM* |P*ii Eddery. 16ft. 4. 
Fwffiab Touch (C pwyre.5-1 
RAN: 13-2 SswewMie (6B)L 7 Goman 

10 God* lore. « _ .... _ .. . 

Wqeadra. 12 Try Scorer. 18 Barracuda 


Snedy Business 20 ran. U. tumid, 
wit. C TiafcMr at M aft o n. Tore' £742 £2.90. 
£140. £t«. £472 OF: £2270. CSF: 
£11542 Tneast ET.041 67. 

5.15 (tm 4ft 1. lore W»BE (A 

Muck*?. 11-8 lev): 2. Greed 2 Chanror*. 

tO-tt S. Moon Jester (0 Mdtey. 8Q. 
ALSO RAN: 7 VMtny (Rftk 9 teen. 12 

Common Farm. 14 (Mae Cracker, Apple 

Tampans a Newmarket Tote- £232 
£1.1211 60. S2» OF: 0)20. CSF. 
£16 83. Too* E52J0 

Prince Solaire 
first for Arabs 

By Christopher Goulding 

Prince Solaire became (be 
first Arab-owned horse lo trio at 
an Arab race meeting at Market 
Rasen last Saturday. 

-The- foor-ycar-oM won (be 
I incola Imp Stakes by (en 
lengths for Sheikh Said Bin 
Ahhnwd M-KiadL 

Upton Dollar HQls, the odds- 
oo favourite for the contest, 
(railed the field for most of (he 
waj, and foiled to get into the 

The most competitive race on 
the card, the HomcasUe Stakes, 
provided the most exciting fin- 
ish- Magic Knight, ridden Ali- 
son Webster, got his bead in 
front choc home to win from 
Imman. who had just beaten off 
the challenge of RagbdL 

The dlrain olive Mbs Webster 
had difficulty in the winner's 
enclosure with her saddle and 

wright doth, which coOectivdy 
weighed four stone. 

Tim Tbomsoa -Jones, the 
champion atnatear rider over (he 
sticks, b expected to have hfe 
first ride at an Arab race 
meeting on Monday at Kemptoa 
fork, where he will tide one of 
the French runners. 


a a veraafc nO-lLMSEdraam Ores. 
(2-1 tavfc 310 )tenftWv (25 ft 345 
Mater f8-ft 420 PiteeaSotel* (7-ft 
455 Magic KBtgU(»-ft 630 Aqutto (2-1 


Going: good to firm 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£823: 2m 2f) (11 runnera) 

2 -P01 BALLYWESTR Hod)gu812G^«L— .— tlMminein 

3 13-2 CARFLAX (USA) Gfhm 8-11-2 S Mackey! 

7 086 LIBERTY WALKGGraCBy7-18S. 


10 -321 GOLD FLOOR JBradto 9-102 (5es). 

13 JFF3 CHESTSIHELD P Hobfaa 8-10-0 _ .. 

15 108 RED AUHON (C-O) J Long 14-180 — LresaLmg (St 

16 -Ml MANHATTAN BOY J Ffitch-Heyes 4-1{W)t5««) 

~17 387 RHffVBR MO RBBM 4-180^-™^ . MHoect 

22 PP-0 FUNKY ANGEL C ftjphmt 1810-0 RGoetf 

. 24 OM GREAT OWING A Dnotn 4-180 LStmom* 

25 40B- HANOVB) PRINCE G Gratae «-182~._ K CMplW 
188 JAanftenan Boy. Tl-4 BelywasL 9-2 Gold Floor. 
7-1 Carflax. i8TForsvwMat2-1 BedAmbm 1-1 <Mhers. 

7 OP 8 ftEHB»(CDH)Oughua 11-189 PDouble 

t 10 PPP- BJASWM Trader 7-UWJ.._ r __ ffi** S BMckre (71 

1 13 P4«4 LUCKYGEMmiMRMcrdocli8186: G Moore 

14 P-60. OOWNPAYMENT {C-Q)M Botlon 12*10-0 „ R GokMffii- 
11-8 Capteln Dawn; 82 itawghinoynd. 11-7 Spanlah God. 
9-1 lucky Gen.- 12-1 Dovunpaymcnt; 16-1 Tire Herb, 
38-1 BJeffiL , .. •_. • . . 


; 2m 2^ (i4) r : 

- 2 PF DBIBY ARMS fcfts f. Cby 5-1 8T2——— J Loiaftoy 

3 tP8 HAYASM GOacey 5-18T2 -HE M u rph y 

4 7C3 r NAl*OOS(BF)A UoonL5H8t2_: — ^-r-ttMoon 
, 5 HM THATCHffieLY U flrtton 5H8 )?. 


7 -OF'-BOSWO^^BlWO)_ 

>. ‘8 (W=‘ BREAKFAST^ tfG&ril-ilSol 
' . 9 .24-2 CASPOHT (BF)VI 

10 084'*»IASKEpi -M&Jt Stoh 4,1810 

T2 - 8 aPBffl^OYGtStfM4-l810i^ 

16 -D\THATW1ii DO MTfiK# 1 7-187^.-. MhaS BMOrer (7) 

18 ’ nUONGTOH CferiE'JJfttlfflitt 4-185- — ^-3WMa 

19 008 BBS *NOT*LTBi8l0r 4-186- 

M Patratt- 

1 20-080 SOLSTICE aai (B) R Voortpiiy 4-1 85 HFarinag 

FontweU selections 

By Mandann. «-i ottwre; ■Yir.Sir Yw. A Me- >>, ; 

: 0 Manhauan Boy. 230 Bcandac. 4-0 fANGMERE NO\te"‘ r l#GPWE n: (Etj&4: 

IXmn. 3.31) DisporL 4.0 Braunston Brook. 4 JO ^ 2f flOvcfl f7l • 

IX*rli> I5a>. 

2J30 FORD NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £685: 2m 2f) 



— C Ctar 
R Rowi 










BEAUCl£RC(HQPKea0My 1810.1b AKeBeway (7) 
FLEURDE THtSTLEADavisofl 1810 RRow 



3 HAJM55L Bower 1810... 

HBJjO QEORCHE R Cures 1810 

KUWAIT STAR T Foster 1810 

H1B0VIN0PJ Jon»1810 



MAHABAO Mas L Bower-185 R 1 

MSS COMEDY Mas L Bower 185.. Mr T Grerthren (7) 

9-4 Besuderc. 3-1 Htahest Note. 5-1 H* 13-2 Flew De 
Ttestle. B-1 Kuwu Srar. Mas Co 

Hbi. 1321 
Comedy. 12-1 Craters. 

2m 21 110yd>(7) 

5 8FU NOTINIBCED T FtewerSMI-6 ■ Pwwtt 

6U4F0 5AUNG BY Oft JJflnfans-841-6 J White 

7 FOO SWWGLZTRfeE (B R CtamPon J8114 _ NDooflWy 
9 ASYOU LBtE.irMTrusl*r 5-11-4 __ Miss SBefcberO) 
2-1 a wwgtelre e. 81 B% Bumps. 5-1 Bnnaion Brook. 
13-2 Hopeful KybOl 81 Baling By. 181 Not Intended. 281 Aa 
You Uke ft. 

430 LAVANT HANDICAP HURDLE (£2.054: 2m 25) 
( 6 ) 

3 148 OWrEAWGKr(C-D)DOurenon811-7 PDoeWe 

4 831 PLAZA TORO W G TumwTII-B pOm) 

' Tracey Trenw (7) 

9 1-M DBtBY DAY (G-ORSF) D A VWson 5-1813 


. (2 488 FRJBCS FOR EVBt (B) J FatCtvHeyss 4-1 0-4 

13 084 PERUVIAN PRIICC (BP) N Lee-Judson 81(M 5 Moore 

3 4-43 OONAGHMOYNE ’(C-D) Mas LBawar 811-4 


6 3331 SPANISH GOO CPapham 11-1810 (9ed~—~. C C«r 

R Rom M 431- SPAfflOJERSPhtlTRi 

(MuMcKema (7) 

85 Derby Dm. 4-1 Fnends For Ever. 81 Onto A KghL 
.81 PnraTon. 12-1 Sparfder sprot 181 Peruvian pence. 


Going: good 

(3-Y-O: £709: 2m 41) (10 rurnisrs) 

1 MELENDEZ (USAXCO) M C Pipe IT-1 — P SateMtore 
CUCKOO IN THE NEST D R EhwortTl 1610— C Brawn 


FRffi HAND BPateB 1810- C Brans (71 

322 HOME OR AWAY J H Biker 1810.. LH»veY(7) 


0 RAVELSTQlfJ HonmbaS 1810 Peter Hobbs 

11 1MMMOUM) LASS R J Holder 1810 N( 






0 FIERY SUNSET Mra A KregM 185 

>JMSkn 185- G 


1-2 Melenoez. 7-2 Windbound Las*. 81 Cuckoo In Tba 
Nest 181 Home Or Amy. i*-l London Contact, .181 otfrars. 

Devon selections 

By Mandarin 

lij Melendez. 2.4S Again Kathleen. 3.15 
Briiamvrcua. 3.45 American Giri. 4.15 Kareag 
4.45 Torsion Lad. ' 


2m IQ (12) .. 

2 -088 BACKAGHA niSAimWHW«l»SJ1-®.. 1 

4 O/OO- WONDER WOOD RJ Holdsr 7-11-7 P 

5 OF* WARNER FOR LBSUffi (8) DRGandoOo 811-6 

6 082 TJOHT TOTH fMJ)RG FTOst 7-1 1-8_ 1 — JFfOvt 

7 PJ3-1 AJ*BIC*K ORL fc-D) K tTNeA 7-VV-3_ ROaoMNdy 

9 10V C0DRTLANDS Q0U. (C4)}WERstwr 4-1813 

GClurfsi Jonre- 

12 *4W FLV1NG OFFICER (B) (C-O) MC Pipe 81 87' - 


14 080 GOtDtei HOME RJBodgK 5-185 ______ BPnral 

15 tW-BSi. HDPJBFI&TUfam 18184 CWWren(7) 

17. 488 BHOCME fpRKC-D) K BiC&op 5-10-3— CCn 

19 182 JIEDGRAVE ORLJ^ K 8Erate 

20 2-34 0>P«SlAN(W«Ve*i8188 R Berry 

' ' 9-4 American Girt, 7-2 Warner For Laisw. 4-1 Redgrave 
GuL 81 ugtt Turn. 81 BeO Hop. 12-1 Go Peratan, 
-14-t CouttndS QrL 16-t Othors- 

CHASE (£1,643: 2m 11) (11) 

3 00(0 CMe r BLAd(FabTJA0id741-2 .SI 

4 082 FQXE^ CA8TLSK WDuna 8T1-2 I 

5 -4M3 GOLDEN MATCH Uis S HembrOff 811-2. 


7 -602-KAMAG 0 Hatty 811-2. 

NCHJWT R J Hodges 7-1 1-2 

(£546: 2m If) 00) 


2P-000 TWRAPSmC " 

3 P- TtfflCYBOTA 


0 32-4 AGAIN KA' 

P A Bnwflsn 817-7- R De wn(g 

DR Tucker 811-7. 



Jenhns 4-1 1-5 _ SSntil 


10 3024 OLUTS WAFFLE JCOOTFW 5-11 -2 TPttteW(7) 

12 N PATWCIA JUIffi DCTreaer 871-0 - 

13 882 RELZADOCC1HEA(B)WG Tumor 4-il-Q C R^ranl 

15 F MR FBTCAL W R Wtesnis 810-5 0 Woman ( 

16 8PLEMMD MAOHQLM M C Pipe 3-10-5 __ J Lower ( 

Tl-4 A .... . 

MagnoAs. fl Ralza Coccinsa. 81 GMe's 1 
BoyT 12-1 MrHzycaL 14-1 offiars- 

Kattltoan. 10830 FuB Of Ate, 81 %Mnt5d 

3.15 WELDON HANDICAP CHASE (£1,383: 2m If) 

( 6 ) 

NORTO YWWIC4R P J Hobbs 1812-S__ Peter HObbe ' 



2 P2-0 

f.Mt T* wacenc F Jackson 811-0 (4ffi) RHytt 

8 004- MZBUSnatG LG Como M04 Plaadl 



11 -111 BRnAHMCUS(C-D)NB Thomson 18182 (M 

b Mute (7) 

74 The WMtr, 82 BrttemwwL 74 Stew Uactre.- 
81 Laottoflranca. 181 Norm Yard. 181 Mzkrra Spring. 

10 008 TAME A BOW R Berber I8U-2 

71 33-0 TOWS SPECIAL DB Tucker 7-1 1-2 

12 308. vnRIOLJCG A Haro 7-11-2 

13 4U-MAJUBA HU. MCPfee 541-2 

14 8003 CELTIC BELL W 41 Vtftarac 8«M V 
81 Iowa Major. 7-2 Majubs H3L Kamag. 81 Fence’s 

casds.8! CeftteBrf:. 181 CW«BtecWoot 12-T others. - 

4.45 StOMOtim NOVICE HURDLE (£723: 2m If) 

m :, - ■* 

3 482 CORSTON LAD PJ Hobbs 81812 PHOMw 

4 aw- FLEET BAT TBHaPea 8 1812- getmi ulS i Powtenr (7) 
7 PPf= KffiGSWQCDiaTCn9ffiDRBSHadtl81Drt2RAnott 

10 3 RUSTY RUPERT H OIMB 8)812.= BDoreroatfy 

11 SHAAteOCXMlL J P Tflo*n7-T8TZ: - Jftesr 

. 13 .024 BOLD HWNK OIZWqOH BateM4-1810 - P Nte tte Bs 

15 P4P POXY DYKE DRT5efor8T8T0 Hf 

16 ' MMEGWGTieiisr 4-1810, ■ ■ CL. 

.17 KUWAIT MOON J Frtnceme 4-70-10 — SSMttl 

18 008 LORD LUCKY N Kenttck 4-1810— ■ Yeoarao(7) 

19 804 RAZZLE DAZZLE BOY W R WMim 4-18 -- A Jam 

20 0 SUP8B TROOPER (B) J Horrayori*-18l0 

, LHwvtym 

22 HJDBB LADY RJ Hodoes 8187 BPetreB 

24 JOAN ADUSQH P J Hctoir5-187 — -Q McCuwt 

29 PP4T LADY GF EGmHNT W) N KtKfkk 8187_ 0 Keigftl 

27 080 DAME FLORA (BP) PWffiryn 4-186 _ KMeooey 

32 038 LADYFREPOWERRJ Hffiter 4-10-5 NCuterore 

31 8 le nS UMMSI WALK NGI^ifte 4-186 LBteondteMW 

M-Oaaw Rare. 1083D Kuwsft Moon. M Bold Monk. 
81 Coreron Lad. 81 Lsdy n ra paAar. 12-1 Busty RuporL 
181 Lord UK^. 281 Others. 

jreLS Ware (WtamLK Ward (Cw*rtorU). 

Students lose 

' -Great Britain foikfd vCnach 
thcfinol of ihc World.' Student 
Am a tear Cup. tn Auckland, 
when they were beaten 28-12 by 
New Zealand- The frosts now 
meet Australia, who beat Papua 
New Guinea 50-16. in the final 
tomorrow and Britain wiH play 
France for third place.. 

Britain trailed 'New Zealand 
80 at half-time buL on resump- 
tion. a brilliant try by stand-off 
Keirnan- Murphy, who beat 
several defenders in a 30-'iyard 
dash, and two goals by centre 
David Brennan put- Britain back 
on level terms. However, New 
Zealand secured their victory in 
, the dosing stages. 


First division ■ ■ V* 

ArsenaTvSdefflekl Wed 

Charlton v Wtmbtedon (T^S) 

Cbetsaa v Coventry Ctty^u^i. — 

Everton v Oxford United ■ h l ite 

Soiithamplon v Tottenham ■inraNiwii 
West Item Utd v Notflngtram For - 
Second derision ' ' Xv 
-Bamsty v Leeds 

-lps«* Ttewffv Oldham 

SheffieW VfH v w8S:-iw.i — 
,Stoke'Cf5M WastRromwIch.-. — 

•tittle woods ChallefJfleCiip 
* First round^first leg ; 

Carfete v 

Rrst round, second Leg ^ — 
OtacKbtimv Wgim 

Boton v Burt r >i. . ii fi- i wnM« rate" «*»te S MH » 
Brentford v Southend (7 — 

Bristol C ^Bournemouth (7.45)—- 

Burnley vRocftdEtfe.-^:: — : 

Cambridge U v Orient (7.4^.... ....^. 

Crewe vShrewsbury ^ : 

Darfington v Scurnderpe.- 

HaSfox v Huddersfield — 

Uncobi v Wolvertiampion — — 

Mansfield v WateaJ). 

Middlesbrough v Hartlepool. 

Newport v Exeter 

Plymouth v Cardiff 

Preston v Blackpool.. 

Rottwrham v Doncastri 

Swansea v Hereford — : 

Torquay vSwmdon 

Tran mere v Stockport 

Wrexham v Chesterfield — L— 

York v Sundertend — — 

FA CUP: Pre lk e ineiy round repteyC 


v LCangletarn Cormtnan-Casuals v 
LEdgware (at Mokway): 

SfttuigtrounM U7.45); Droyls 
Fbrmby (6.15): Eastbourne T 
Lsadwtiead (62 at Eastbotkn 


” laden v 
Town v 

_ . Easlbotkne (Art):' 
Egnsm v Barehaln' LWotxt Entb and 
Batvedere vKSngsbwry: RaMceraS Keun v 
Hteton v Match: 
Oak. Rtegmer v 
AarodefffiO): Bossendaie v CokSyn Bay 
Baton: LTferea v 

rtvieiPR Oevcdon v Prome; 

_ OavAsri'-Mrtkshttn v 
xir. PtymouBr vUs fcea id .: - 
FksL- dhnswo: Buracoogfl ■ Leytend 
Motors: CSftierod v Panam: Congrion v 
StarytoW Cetoc Eastwood HwSwv Si 
Hetanr SkK v- Gtosaop* Neffierfiekf v 
A cc ringt o n Gtentey*. Rossendate v 

LEAGUE: Premier ffivWow Artesay v S 
aw ■ L Oortw: Bourne v SpWftsg; 
GroOnwea v LCynesbwy: Starotort v 


East Han v East Thurrock: Eton Manor w 

Brentwood: MaWon v Cemn UMand; 

Stags ted v Porfleec .wit ham y 


Hwwii end Pariatstanc; 

i SDdbttw CoteMster Unttd v 


r Webectt; waoon v 

G srtmm. MI MM— 

dhtatera: fUMm * k*wa» (5 46). Second 

Bw«t CotciiMJer V Souftiend (&0): 

Crystal Palacev Brenttctt t6.0Cy. North- 

ffite| v Swindon (6.0); Reading v Oxford 

Today’s course specialists 

TRAINERS: M Praaeott, 24 winners tan 

itonjnnws. 24 jOV- PR oteei. 11 teMn47. 

234V N Tatter. 9 from 38. 231%. 
JOCKEYS: R OgcMane. StetenwE lrom38 
rates. 21-1V 0 Outfield. 48 from 200. 
17.7V JLorre. 43 from 294. 14.6%. 


TRAINERS D BSteOrtft.21 temltn 

66 WWW 329V M PW% » «wn 10a 

20.0V JJenkma. 20 train 105, 19.0V 

JOCKEYS: R Amort, 9 Mmera tram 28 

noes. 32 IV P Leaen..27 trora^iML 
17.0V; S Smith Ecctes 13 from 78.127%. 

TRAMERS: J Gffiofd. 28 Mms from. 
1S7 itresn f73V.«/.J4rttare-lB fntm . 

102 17.0V a Moore, 20 bore 15». 122%. 

JOCKEYS: R Rowe. 25 MtooeraEroni 167 
rates. iSjOV G Moore.. 14 from 135. 

itwv R GokMete. U free* 135. 12*V 

Blinkered -first tone 

KAMHLTON: £45 TamtoME. .GftatenL 

245 TonerFane. 445 Mama* Stef. 

• Minstrcfia. trained. by Charlie 
Nelson, and winner of the 
Heinz 57 Phocnfo Stakes, is 

miuning to Ireland later this 

month tor the Mqyglare Send 
Stakes al .Tte Cbm*h on 


asm (Deed): Mr Youift. 

dm Lad. Own Herbert Fhano Far. Be 

• Lockton. uaiiKd by Jeremy 
Hindky. ah lutocky imrri in the 
UU 9^ tatoriwtiOMl Solario 

Stakes « S»dbwB fost-Ritfoy H 

- inlewtoJ nnrocr ^ ^ 

Guiiiraws ^ftafr Ariaioir Nre- 
Dona) Stakes, to be run id Bei- 
Cunatfi on September 1 3. - 

lhwe. LMbrokesGottQ«)H»idnas)4R 

U itoi rerengio i L NBraeattr.OiitofaDio. 

Mil ReetSntas Naratwy: Moutts. Otror- 

Bakes Limed D ra mi Nari xay: 

"'rAnt . 


UEvtareic Aflwsnan v Norttmood; 

Yeertrn v Karevea. 


■der Lcfivteten (6-0): Baa WaytMge v 

Westfirfc!; (.Cm^read v Malden: 

LEerteab Rovera.v Hortey: LGodteremg v 

OanlffiJuVroi rote Wrier V tSroaraH*.^ 
v Batoricay; BrackoeV v 

Naajpton v UMattey. 

. Ivd v LeyMo-UMngale 

. . . Waft&fc TMroiy. v Grays: 
ttetkroge v Oxtord CSty. Seeond dMsron 
wrtte .North Awetey v Heybndge SUMS 
Harlow- v Clapton: Hartort v Whcnhoe. 

V Chattom L. 

_ „ . , tfWjnfloribrttSduttaBv 

FaRttara; Wotarn v C)i«rts«y. 

OTHBi MATCH: Hearev 



(lU-lfi overs iraoknuaq 
DER BY: Pg rbyshirE v Hampshire 
FOLKESTOM& Kent v Essex 
LEICESTER; Leicestorahini v 
Somerset . 

EDOBASTOffe Warwickshire v 


Tota* match - 

SCARBOROUGH: D. & Close's » v 
Hew Z ealand • . • 

OTHER MATCH: 'Trent Bridge: L 
Yonog Cnekams v Sa Lanka 


TOW MATCH: Gtogow-and Dbtrfct v 

LlOtt Rttirnond y SMMhs» 

COP: - S e tt ffi rafe LWraM v 

JMrano. v. i. 

’Roncom v Kaghley. 




Essex make but little 
progress against 
hardy men of Kent 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

FOLKESTONE: Kent, wlh . P**' ft ^ 

three first-innings wickets in since being left out of the lest 
hand, are 103 runs behind side to keep himself n dose 
Fverx conienuon for the winter tour. 

In conditions favourable to So, indeed. JSf<E?S’ovm 
slow bowling, Essex were now bowled the first^O overs 

made to work hard for bonus 
points by Kent yesterday. At 
various limes they looked like 
taking a firm hold of the 

of Kent’s innings from the 
downland end. in which he 
held a good return catch from 
Taylor, had Benson caught at 

match, but Kent’s batsmen the wicket and bowled AsfetL 
sold their wickets dearly, no Since we are r ^!2L S® I 
one more than Christopher candidates for Austtaha, I 
Cowdrey, who was 45 not out would not entirely rde outthe 

when bad light stopped play 
65 minutes early. Essex, by 
then, were three bowling 
points better off than at the 
start of the day. 

The weather would have 
been considered dismal for 
Folkestone's Easter hockey 
festival. For the cricket season 
at holiday time it was ridicu- 
lously cold. Bui the cricket, 
though often slow, was always 
interesting. I fancy that if 
Essex were not destined to win 
the county championship they 
would have lost the toss here. 
The winning of it on Saturday 
gave them a dear advantage. 
By yesterday afternoon, before 
bad light came to Kent's aid. 
the ball was turning enough to 
suggest that batting in the 
fourth innings today could be 
a very awkward matter. 

In view of this, Essex, with 
nine wickets already down in 
their first innings, batted on 
yesterday morning. In half an 
hour Pringle and Acfield 
added another 28, Pringle 
getting to within three of his 
first hundred of the season 
before being caught at long off. 
It is a pity that he so often 
finds himself batting for En- 
gland in some sort of crisis, 
because, when so disposed, he 
is such a good hitter of the 
ball. In the four hours of his 
innings he hit two fours, four 
sixes and 16 twos, an unusual 

chances of East, the Essex 
wicketkeeper. He is left- 
handed. which few 
wicketkeepers are. but be is 
quick and experienced and he 
bats belter than French or 
Rhodes and as well as 
Richards. . ... 

Having crashed the ball 
around while making 50 on 
Sunday afternoon, Tavare was 
fasting again yesterday. 
though he did allow htmselT 
two drives for four in an over 
from Foster to celebrate an 
hour passed without scoring. 
Eventually he prodded 
Acfield’s second ball to silly 

Since his plucky effort in the 
Benson and Hedges Cup final 
in July. Graham Cowdrey has 
not often had a place in the 
championship side. He has 
found it a hard game, which it 
is at this level, especially when 
the weather is not up to much. 
But he played his part dog- 
gedly until Prichard caught 
him very well, low and left 
handed in the gully. Childs 
had beaten him often enough 
to deserve the wickeL 
Foster's three wickets took 
his total for the season to 94. 
*11 being well, he will get 100 
for Ihe first time. Childs, too, 
has just had a wonderfully 
good August, taking 40 wick- 
ets during the month, which is 
remarkable for a spinner these 
days. Underwood has prob- 

often. Childs was very ac- 
curate yesterday, at the ex- 
pense, perhaps, of some 
variation. When he had one 
wicketkeeper caught by the 
other it was his 79th wicket of 
the season, more, I would 
think than Edmonds and 
Emburey put together. 

By 5.30 it was getting a little 
dark — but it was disappoint- 
ing that Christopher Cowdrey 
and Dilley opted to go off. 
Acfield and Childs were bowl- 
ing at the time, and we should 
certainly have had another 
half hour’s play. I blame the 
umpires, not the two yes- 
terday so much as umpires in 
general, for being rather too 
light-metre conscious at the 
moment and for lending to 
overlook the paying public. 

ESSEX: Ftis katana ' 

*G A GOOCh tow h Ur|ta*w*X*“l--"--; 
j P Stephenson c D#ey to Undervwoo 0 
P J ftierard c C S Cowdrey b Underwood 

6 n 

B R Harrfie b Undwww* - 0 
KWR Fletcher c Tavart DCS Cowdrey 

p 7 R Pringle cC SCowctiayb Pita y - 97 

tD E Eastc Aston b CS Covrtfrey 8 

N A Foster c and b CS Cgwdrey ■■ — 0 
JK Lever c Taylor bCSCowdi ey — 1 

J H CttiMs run out 


Extras (Ib9.wt.nb 8) j£ 

Total 280 


bowling: i»ey a -?i^; 1 i* l ? 8r jr a S 

9-2-15-0: Underwood 40-13-9&-4: C S 
Cowdrey 12-3-24-4: Bteon 23£-63-0; 
TavariiO-7-ft G R Cowdrey 90-M. 

KENT: Fret Innings 

M R Benson c East b Foster I* 

N R Taylor c and b Foste r 27 

C J Tavart c Fletcher b Acfield 17 

G R 1| 

J S A Marsh c East b Chads i 

i R Ditoy not out — | 

Extras (b 6. to 9. w 1) _!° 

Total (7 wkts. B6 overe) 2Z7 

D L underwood and T M Aldermen to oat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-42. 2-*9. 3-73. 4- 
93. 5-125. 6-140.7-157. 

Bonus pants: Essex 5. Kant 5. 

Umpires: K J Lyons and A G T Whtoheafl. 

Wells hits 
best yet 
to frustrate 

By Richard Streeton 

HOV’E: Sussex (2pts) drew with 

Nottinghamshire (8). . 

Alan Wells was given nts 

Jubilant Doyle 
succeeds at 
second attempt 

SrSvo-. but with a «jt«jn 
feS in his stomach- UnUllhe 

second behind. The spectators 
were now on their Teet. A lap 
££i home. OMdlaU by 0,36 
seconds, but as Bennett said: 

- ■ S&. ‘ • ' %.4-Si 

• •> 


„ T . r • OTHER 

West Indian pam scoreboards 

for Derbyshire 

Nottinghamshire or uwir ca- 
nceled win. Wells, who finished 
with a career-best 150 not out, 
and Tony PigotL who also nit a 
career-best 80. shared an eighth- 
wicket stand of 149 in 32 overe. 
These two put the final nail into 

Nottinghamshire's coffin. 

Wells was 100 at tea when 
Sussex were 375 for seven and 
ted by 245 with two hours left. 
Parker, the acting Sussex cap- 
lain, spurned any question oj a 
declaration, knowing that Cotin 
Wells and Jones would not be 
able to bowl through illness and 
injury. Parker finally relented 
hal fan-hour afterwards when 
Sussex were 430 for eight, their 
highest total of the season. 

Nottinghamshire, ten an aca- 
demic target of 301 m 80 
minutes, faced one over betore 
bad light stopped play. Not- 
tinghamshire still remain 
favourites to finish second in 
the championship. Their failure 
to win this match, however, has 
enhanced Essex’s prospects of 
the title, especially if they should 
win at Folkestone today. 

It was an extraordinary day s 
cricket, played under sombre 
black clouds and in a biting 
wind. Sussex resumed five runs j 
ahead with effectively sot wick- ; 

.. ets left. In the first 50 minutes, i 

Rutherford: scored 199 runs between lunch and tea Parker completed his sixth cen- 

tury this year, and PigotL 

Rutherford scores 


317 in a day • SSHSS 

w in the next 20 minutes, Sussex 

By Simon Wilde lost three wickets. Parker's fine 

«■ -« j .a i .li t a innings ended when he drove a 
SCARBOROUGH: D.B. Closes Gray s tat, but fluMiosetn to extra cover and 

V/. with all second-innings wick- touch. The New Zealandere had . . m ^ Roux both fell 

ets in hand, are 217 runs behind reached cheaply. Young Speight then 

the New Zealanders. ^ dropped anchor for an hour. 

Y este rday’s play at Scar- ford had completed jus century fowled him 

borough was dominated by an in 101 nttnuus off98 WIsl Whe^ lunch, Sussex were 
innings of 317 by the »-y«r- Duong ^Sy 97 runs on. u ^ 

okl Otago batsman Ken Rutter- ford cut totally pigott now returned, showed 
ford, who gave a remarkable 199 dunng the JBPpndwmr of ^'^gJomfort from his injury. 
display of sconng and in the ptay as teiook hw srore ontrom ^ and Wcils ^ for ttetr 

process broke a number of first- 101 to jOO atteo. His doube M Rice twice shuffled 

AJan Wells was given ^ he attended a saii 

county cap during tea m he teda JJ^pagne party in a CWorado *5? ^jegs were obviously 

gritty, irargard SprinchoieJ to celebrate his H ^erc was nothing ian- 

sex y^eiday. ^ JSoiv in the world profession^ J?J;d about Doyle, who raced as 

S^S"wSL?rtiO^Sshed p5S championship late on ^ ^^never^ raced ; before to 

• ' • 

" r t 

. ; T • • . . -m 

l ■ , - ^ 


pursuit championship late on 

^Arapacity crowd of 8-200 at 
the 7-Eleven Velodrome oo* 
cool, almost windless evemnE 
witnessed a memorabte J«o®J 
between, Doyle, andthede^jd- 


gS^Smp was planning on 
Oersted making his 
^Srt. but the Dane applied 
shock tactics and went through 
thefirsi of the five kilometres in 
I min I l.OSsec, 

fester tten his perpetu 3 * nva1, 

I ^OCTsted went ferther and 
farther ahead un* 1 *- “J 
kilometre from the end.lus 'ead 
was 1.95 seconds - about 3U 
metres. Almost everyone _De- 
Umredthat Oersted was heading 
for bis third successive world 
title. But not Doyte, nor ins 
British coach, Mick Benneu. 
“When Oersted started, so last, 
we knew that this was his taciic. 

an astonishing I mm 05.9Uscc to 
win by almost two seconds. 

••You canT compare tins gold 
medal with the one I wok in 
|Q80 " stated Doyle. Every- 
thing has changed in sx year*. 
I'm *0 seconds faster than then, 
and the opposition is much r 
stronger and belter prepared. » 

Asked how he had overcome 
the five-second advantage that 
Oersted held last war, Doyle 
reolied: “I've gained a lot of 
confidence since beaiing.him in 
a pursuit match at Munich last 
November. I came to race in 
America last year and enjoyed 
it. This time. I came to win the 
title I wasn’t going to be 
satisfied with another silver 

m hnthe other final on Suiuby 
night. Czechoslovakia defeated 
East Germany by just a 
hundreth of a second in the 
4.000 metros team pursuit. The 

wc WIV" ,1.* a uuu IIKiiva r- . — 

Bui we also knew froni ine eleclron j c timing equipment 
previous rounds that Tony was e tbc verdict to the 

riding the lart kilo metre_ about bul dose studyof the 

one second fester. “Jjj®* 1 !: photo finish of the third nder to 
oeiL Doyte added: £ross the line m Mch team, 

was all or nothing. TJeawd ^ lhal lhe Oaschs were the 
got behind me and 1 taiew that 
Hans was paructang. I gave it 


British champion, whohad set a 5-^ ^jpAwrtwgfflQO 

world best of 5min 40. 3 39 sec <F)nmt CzxXo- 

eariier intte day toeUmnwre joyga. 

another Dane. Jesper Wwre. waxy 4.22.417. «miw 

Bul records werenot important 

1 in this remarkable final- This siaiesM Hungary, 2-O.CiectxMtotfakiaM 

was man against man and with Italy. 2-0. 



Gray's bat, bul failed to get a 
touch. The New Zealanders had 
reached 1 60 for four at the lunch 
interval, by which time Ruther- 
ford had completed his century 
in 101 minutes off98 balls. 

By Peter Matson 

DERBY: Derb\-shire. with all had been the sufiject of a 
second-inning wickets in hand discus^ntew^^allrast 
: rc4S nms ahead of Hampshire, twice before, « MarehalL who 
T!w Caribbean connection had now uaken three for 10 in six 
d bv Gordon Greenidge's oyere deoetoped la ^ of 
.1 ivpically proficient in- pitching short. After Junch, 

11 nui this his second century in in an improving light, 
succession and his sixth this Derbyshire s innings foundered 

succession and his sucui inis 1 
season, and Malcolm Marshall s a 
five wickets for 23 runs helped 

to make it an eventful day at the 1 

County Ground yesterday. I 

A successful outcome to an 1 
incident involving the helmeied 1 
Rajcsh Sharma - who had been < 
hit on the head by a ball bowled , 
by Marshall — also helped bring | 
a satisfactory conclusion. 1 

Derbyshire's distress at tite 
dav’s start had been consid- . 
cnible. It stemmed from an 
incisive spell by Marshall whose 
threat as he appeared out of the 
ucyncss and gloom was so groat 
as to leave the batsmen 
sirokclcss. in some awe and 
probably unsighted even though 
Marshall was bowling on a 

pudding-like pitch. 

In a way. Maher and Roberts 
had been fortunate in profemng 
a bat to get a touch and offer a 
catch. In Miller's case, being 
rapped on the pads and plumb 
in front had been good enough. 
Next in line was the unfortunate 
Sharma. a middle order bats- 
man who stands bfi 3m and who 
intercepted a short pitched ball 
from Marshall. Sharma re- 
turned to the pavilion 
complaining of dizziness and 
was transported to Derbyshire 
Royal Infirmary, where, follow- 
ing a precautionary X-ray he 
spent Iasi night under 
observation. . . . . . , 

It was because ol this incident 
that the umpires judged the light 
10 be sufficiently poor to stop 
pla>. the possibility of which 

Wet start 

Bangalore (Reuter) - The 
.Australians started their lour of 
India with a draw yesterday 
after rain ended play shortly 
after tea on ihe last day of a 
ihrce-dav match against an In- 
dian Cricket Board President's 

Australia's medium-fast 
bowlers and their spinner. 
Mathews, had the Board team in 
trouble at 1 90 for five when the 
umpires called off the match. 

SCORES: Indian Board PraMoffl's XI: 
Firs! innings 239 (S Visvwnaih 7ft G R J 
MaiWows lour lor 14). Second mnvgs: 
190 lor hvfl Australians: First mnmgs 340 
lor 9 doc (G R Marsh 139. R Shastn 6 lor 

As Hampshire started out. 
Malcolm’s attempt to emulate 
Marshall failed, though he did 
bowl Terry with the score 24. the 
extent or Derbyshire's success as 
Green idge, a commanding gen- 
eral. and Christopher Smith, his 
lieutenant, led Hampshire's 
inarch forward. 

DEH8TSI«g: Ftrai towngs 
•K J Barnett eH A SniW bCawtoy— W 

tB J M Maher b Marshal) *3 

A hu c Partis b Jamas ...--- * 

J E Morris c JamrobCowitey --- — 15 

B Roberts cRASmflhb Marshall 3 

G Miner tow b Marshall “ 

A E Warner tow b Marabou a 

B Sharma retired hurt g 

R J Finney b lHL- ^ 

O H Mooensen b Marshall *■ 

D E Malcolm not oul » 

Extras (b 7. to 1. nb 6) _2* 

Total (86.4 overs) j™® 

FALL OF WICKETS: Mg*. 2-U7. 3-161. 
4-174. 5-174. 6-182, 7-199.8-203. MB,. 

4-26-1: Maru 17-8^64): TremWl 1Z.4-3- 
34.1 : Cowley 23^-54-2. 

Second immgs 

•K J Barnett not oul * 

tB J M Maher not \ 

Extras (to 2) =_£ 

Total (no wM) 10 

HAMPSHIRE: Fa* innings 

C GGreewdge b Mortensan 103 

V P Teny D Malcolm 

C L Smm n« ort 

Extras (to 1. w 1. nb 5) 

Total (2 wkts dec. 52.3 cnrers) 176 

R a Smith. -M C “olSr 1 ?! 

K D James. M D Marshall. TR J n J 

Maru and N G Cowley dxJ not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-24. 2-176. 
BOWLING: Malcolm 12-2-59-1: 
Mononsen 15.3-3-45-1: Finney9-3-3Wfc 

Warner 6-3-1M: MJer 1IM-1M 

Bonus ports. Dertjyshxe 2. Hampsrare s. 
Umpires: A A Jones and P Wight. 


P W L Nr T PtS 

Hampshire (31 M 10 3 1 0 « 

Esse* (11 !5 10 4 I 0 42 

Nonhams(5) J* ® i ? 2 S 

Nons(l2l It I e n n w 

Cmccri 14 8 G 0 0 32 

Somerset M0) J? Z I 5 ? » 

Yorksmrs(G) I 5 I I ™ 

Kent flQl 14 6 5 2 1 3G 

Warwicks (6) 15 5 S f 2 m 

Gtamotgan IJ41 M g 7 1 0 2B 

Lancas£e(l4] M 6 J » fl a 

Ctortryshne 1*1 5 5 2 ? H 

Mrddlesax (121 Jf J i ? 1 IS 

Letcs (6| IS 5 9^0 “ 

Surrey (17) 14 a 7 2 1 22 

ffi[l6) IS 5 10 0 0 20 

qoucs(6) 15 2 11 2 0 12 

t9SS posrbons tfl brackets 

MIDDLESEX: First Innings 

A JTMUer bMunton ® 

WN Stock cHumpagebMunwn — 51 

j D Carr tow b Munton ... 33 

RO Butcher c Smal b Fanwra 15 

-MWGatttogbGdtorO.- 56 

CT Radley c Ferreira b Karr 28 

tP R Downtnn nol out — “ 

JE Emburey bGrttord | 

PHEcknonds tow b Kerr o 

S P Hugbes c Motes b Karr —.--. 24 
N G Cowans c Kalhcharran b Gmora— 9 

Extras (bi. to 14. wi) J® 

tow 3« 

Score at 100 ovent 308 lor 9 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-91. 2- 96 . 3-143. 4- 
147.5-228. 6-234.7-247. 6-256.9-300. 10- 

BOWLING: Smal 13^ 47-0: Sm Bh 90^6- 
0: Munton 16-5-43-3: Ferreira 1 4-942-1 . 
Karr i9-4^5-3:GiIfoitl 27.4-7-61-3: Motes 


A JT MJtecc Amiss bSntal 7 

■fP R Downton non out 

J OConr not out ° 

Extras (b2. to 1. nb2) =5 

Total (1 wkt) — * 



A J Motes tow b Cowans J] 

P A SrmBl b Edmonds ", 

A I KaBcharran c Gating b Cowans - 73 
D L Atrass c RaJey.b Emlwre y r 

tG W Humpage * Downton b Edmonds 

81 R, 

Asd Din not out ^ 

A M Ferrara not oul — •* 

Extras (to 3. nb 3) -j_£ 

Total (5 wkts dec. 92 overs) 300 

K J Kerr. G C Smell T A Munton end "N 

Gifford to bat , 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23, 2-88. 341. 4- 

BOWUNG: Hugh's ££>50 ; CwwmMJ 
2-41-2: Emburey 37-6-102-1; Edmonds 
34-5-1 08-2: Gattoig 3-1 -11-0. 

Boras ports: Middlesex 6. Warwickshire 

Umpires: J H Harris and M J Kitchen. 

Leics v Somerset 

ouumuv ura — name in a naiu renirn ^.iiauu: *« * 

most runs scored in a day by a as his third hundrwl rame rna ^ 45 blIt 0 then«se 

New Zealand batsmaicthe high- further 33 romutes. His tnpte ^ ^ ai ^ er 

est-ever innings at Scarboroigh; century an ?'?J batsman. Wells reached what 

and, his fifth-wicket partoerahip 1^^1921^ was his first hundred this year in 

with Evan Gray, worth 319 in thrni Macartneysdidm l yi 1 - over bourn. 

154 minutes, is a New Zealand Four . of R utterford ^ *xes j ^ ernted after 105 

record for that wickeL His nuu were hit off succ^w g-bUaj^iing minutes, when 

came in only 230 minutes, off from Doshu 'JiJ' SgoSTwho hit 10 fours, was 

245 balls, and in all te hit 45 one over ^ trapped leg-before to HOTrrungs 

four; and eiaht sixes. Of the 41 7 viously, the highest score m a ball after tea. 

with Evan Gray, worth 319 in 
154 minutes, is a New Zealand 
record for that wickeL His nuw 
came in only 230 minutes, off 
245 balls, and in all he hit 45 
foure and eight sixes. Of the 41 7 
runs that were added while he 
was at the wickeL he scored all 
but lOOofthem- 

Rutherford was on course for 
another record, one of the 
game’s major batting land- 
marks: Charlie Macartney’s 345 
runs in a day, made for the 
Australians against Not- 
tinghamshire at Trent Bridge »n 
1921. In the end two veteran 
England cricketers combined to 
bring about his dismissal 
caught behind by Bob Taylor, 
who is 45. off rhe bowling of 
Brian Close, aged 55. 

Rutherford came to the 
wicket early in the raommg/at 
15 for one, and was in prime 
form from early, cm. hitting 10 
boundaries in his half-century, 
reached in an hour off 64 balls. 
He and Franklin added 84 in 19 
overs before Rod Estwick. the 
Barbados fast bowler, dismissed 
Martin Crowe and Coney, the 
New Zealand captain, with 
successive balls. The hat-trick 
ball flashed past the edge of 

Turner’s 31 1 nol out at Worees- 
ter in 1982. 

a b. cuobct » 

Boycott 81 . J G Bracmwi 4 lor 51) 
Second Inrangs 

G Boycott not oul ” 

Satfq Mohammad nol out — « 

Extras (bl.nb 7) — ■■ — -=-2 

Total {no wkO — L - _ - — — 43 

T JFrankfcic Boycott bDosia « 

BAEdMrcSadiqbKwtt-- ‘ 

KRRuBtertofdcTaytorb Pose — 317 

MDOowntowb EMwica J 

•j v Coney tow bEs tyck - 8 

E J Gray c Haiper b Stepjwson — 88 

fTEBtoinc Harper bSaiSq —3 

j G BfaceweB not out — * 

ToMd (7 wkts deej 

W Watson and E J ChatfWd dM no* tat. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-99. 3-113. *■ 

113. 5-432. 6-451.7-476. 

BOWUNG: Eshwc* 
son 23-3-90-1: Old WWW. Oofu 
142-1: Oosa UM-71-1: King 4-0-39-ft 
Sad iq 4-0-21-1- . 

Umpires: R Julian and B LeatoeaW. 

JUIIW uik»< 

loose against Birch ana . 
Hem m mgs. All. told, te hit two j 

sixes and 17 fours. 

SUSSEX: First Innings 182 (A P We*s 63). 

Second innings ■ 

R I ABchan tow b J* 

A M Gr een jta» tW} r-.r^r^wr'iii 

•p W G Partrar c Bach bitenrtings ill 

A N Janes _i»J «&-_-«•- ',4 

Extras (b 4. to 8. rt) 7) — _12 

ToW(8v*tsdeC) ■ 430 

CM Weflsdidnortat 
FALL OF WICKETS 3 ' 13S - + 

185. 5-189. 6-191. 7-2Z7. M 7 ®- 
DnumjNG: Hadtefi 26-4-60-1: Pick 19-1- 


883: Henxwngs 26^-666-2, B»cn >»- 

■icrnriNGHAMSHBIE: First timings 312 
lor 4 dec (B C Broad 116. P Jotwison 65). 
Second timings 

BC broad not out J 

R T Roomson not out — 

Total (no wkt) 4 

BOWUNGimran Khan MM41 
Umpires: J W Holder and R A Witt. 

Sri Lankans are stymied 

Batchelor’s Villa told 

fitness they must 

doubtful pay up now 

„ . _ . , . Aston Villa are to be ordered 

From Sydney Frisian w ^mediately pay the full 
Hamburg . £350.000 transfer fee for Neale 

Stephen Batchelor arrived cooper, the midfield player they 
here yesterday morning with an from Aberdeen. Cooper 

injured ankle and is doubtful for sj ^j for viUa during the dose 
the fust of two iniCTuationnl when his contract with 

hockey matches against West t he Scottish club was at an end. 

Germany today. He trod on me but it an imernauonal 

ball in a practice match on lribuna i t o dedde on that fee. 
Wednesday night and pul him- villa then claimed that under 

self temporarily out of acuon. English rules they only needed 

It Batchelor does not play, his lo now and the remain- 

place at outside right will be der in a ycar but Aberdeen's 
taken by KLulbir Bhaura, with insistence for the full paymenL 
Imran Sherwani positioned at under Scottish rules, was en- 
ouiside left. Kerly who is tn ^ised yesterday after the Scot- 
splendid form , will lead the and English League officials 
attack. David Faulkner seerns had held negotiations. 

SfnllS&n^ ■SS?S£St 2 ! , ^Cia 

between the two countries. En- 9 Steve Lovell. Millwall s 
gland have won five, lost eight Welsh international forward, is 
and drawn 12. . io see a specialist after suffoing 

The England team are m good a setback following a cartilage 
spirits bul are a little unhappy operation a month ago. 
with the hotel arrangements and Gemonihe Inswich 

tSl^SSVSJSSi *£5. s?™ 1 ® 

game for almost a year at home 
accommodation. bp oldham lon ighL He replaces 

w Ian Cranson. who lore a back 

RUGBY UNION muscle at Portsmouth on 

1 — —— ““ ~ 1 Saturday. 

Kirk puts his European leagues 
country first 

w>«u lfirb tho New Zealand furt2.WtenwSpo»ttub2:R«xdyM«toZ. 
Dartd lurK, tne wot Auana Vienna 2. LASX 1. FC Tirol P 0: 

captain, has abandoned his 2 . voesr Linz 0 . lm«»b 

nlano in start a Rhodes schehur- oosithms: 1. FC Tirol, ptewd 8. ports 14; 

at LEICESTER Young Cricketers with six sec- 

uaCESTERSWRE: First kminta 2W (T J ond-innings wickets . in harm 
Boon 63. p Whrttrewa 67 not out I T Eng fcnd Young Cricketers 

SOMERSET: Rnst hmings by 197 runs. 

I P A M F HSbSkbTSw 2 Although they were 197 runs 

jje H ardy c BoonbBenjamm is ahead. Sn Lanka Young Cnck- 

rj Hartten bBefipmm | elcrs were happy to accept Ute 

10 umpire’s offer to go off for bad 

v J Mat» c Boon b Do Fretas 2 lighi 50 minutes before the close 

tT Ggfdjbw b Benjamin .3 | asl n ighL Their second innings 

io umpire’s offer to go off for bad 

i Marta c Boon b Do Fretas 2 lighi 50 minutes before the close 

, . Gard tow b Benjamn _3 i asJ n iahL Their second innings 

£ S .0 was in some disarray at 81 for 

NRoSiSMMlII ^0 four and they are treating this. 

Extras (b i.ib io.wl.rtH4) — _26 quite rightly, as they would a 

Total (37.5 overs) H3 proper Test match. Sri Lanka 

LL of WICKETS Mi. ,2-12. 3-«. *- Mined a first-innings lead or 
, 5-70. 976. 7-85. W3. 9-1 is uj jj Ul were stymied in their 

atlem| rt «. J ake simitar pro- 
4 gress thereatter. 

FALL OF WICKETS: Mi. ,2-12. 3-«. *- rained a first- innings lead of 
54. S-70. 6-76. 7-85. 8«L 9-1 a jj Ul were stymied in their 

ancmpjjo mste simitar pro- 
23-2. gress thereaner. 

•p n Roaburt^wi — — .71 As on (he first two days, (here 

N a Felton not Oft .-rrsr was a pitifully small crowd. It 

Extras (lb 4. w 5. nit 7) b ra j na j f or qg minutes in the 

„ to m (no ww) -— .-—J** morning, but after lunch the sun 
Bonus ports: Loiceslorelwo 7. Sonares* CMneouimdinoI ti y g| >ye doiiL 

Ibrwoi BJ Mayor and BDudtestoa There could have been then no 
p r Smith m0re lhan ^ soeciators. 

W^wickshire have awarded a Yet this is cricket deemed to 
countyrap wtheir 22-year-old be of greater importance than a 
all rounder Paul Smith, who has top John Player ^*8“ 
scored ! JI5 runs in his first For example. Northampton- 
season as an opener. shire, who are seeking that title. 

Umpires: BJ Meyer and BDudlsstDn. 

Cap for Smith 

Warwickshire have awarded a 

By Ivo Tennant 

were unable to obtain the release 
of Ripley for their match on 
Sunday. The Sri Lankans, some 
of whom have played before 
crowds of 20.000 when at 
scbcwl. must be wondering what 
is going on. 

They bowled England out for 
290 yesterday on a pitch which 
gave some help to Weerasinghe, 
the leg spinner. He bowled 
Smith with a googly. not before 
Smith had made 97 in 167 
minutes with 15 fours and a six, 
and had Harding well caught at 
silly point in the same over. He 
tossed the ball up more than say, 
De Silva would have done, 
without possessing the same 

Smith, who has played for 
Glamorgan, was well supported 
by Ripley, and Fraser, the 
Middlesex bowler, who struck 
41. They averted the follow-on. 
Then Fraser caused problems 
with the balL He bowled Soza 
and Haturusinghe and had 
Gurusinghe caught at the 
wicket. Then Jurangtathy edsed 
Smith to second slip, leaving Sri 
Lanka 62 for four. 

Innings 406 (HPTHakwsjno 12S.RCA 

PaUpiai8l. B C Soza 51) 

Second innings 

R C Soza b Fraser — 

B R Jurangpxttiy c laakfly b Statti — VO 

H P TBokaratiM not out —31 

RCAPautoftnnotwi -5 

Extras (to 2, nb 1) — ^ 

Total (4wW9) ^ 

S jayaKody. M I Batata. C DU S 
WMcssirlgta. O R Madsna, ^nd M 
FALL OF WICKETS:! -10. 2- 21 .3-41 . 4-62. 

R J Btotay cBalataloSaltewiret rtti — 5 

M w Aflayna c Jurangp amy b Mad arta « 

MRRairairalarthbWearMngta 46 

I Smttti b WBerartngho 1 ” 

G D Hwdtag c Tllekaraino b Waaraanghe 

P Barry iw out — — | 

M Btcknafl not out z 

Extras (lb 8, w 3. nb 4) -15 

Total — 290 

FALL OF WlOCET&l-ll. 2-1^ £■«.«- 
S3. 5-131 . 9202. 7:268. 9268. 9286. ID- 

BOWUNG: Madera 25^-5 -74-4; Matta- 
wsratachi 19353-2: Weerawngta 244- 
993: GiBusinghe 91-190: HMurustaghe 
4-0- 1 C 0: J uran g pa my 7-0-25-0: Jayatody 

Umpires: J Brtenstow and NT Plows. 

there for the 1987-88 academic Antterteewa- Kortrijk 3. Carcte Bruges?: 
-ear Motenbaak 1. FC Liege 1; Owatonx 1. 

He had been Bew^ot iImw^S^: Sian^uege 

amre at Oxford tatw Oim s.GhantO , 

month, thereby making himself DUTCH: Apx Amsterdam 3, PSVJBnd- 
unavail^efor the AH Black g 2 ^ re 

tour of France later this year and ^ Fewnaoro Rotterdam SL'HaartamLFS 
next year’s World Cop. Dan Bax* 0. Rod* JC KerkraJa 0: SC 

The Auckland-based doctor 
*1: “1 feel I have nothing to 

se. There was never any T »rarra Ensdwta i. Lwxftw porttara: 
KStlon of my riving op tfw ;iSpar ^^ 

hod« sdtofowWp- PfoanMjv ^‘^SK^otiv Leipzig 0. 

< B>a: “1 fed I have nothing to 
lose. There was never any 
question of my rising up die 
Rhodes scholarship. Playing for 

New Zealand obviously means saw Brandenburg ft can Zaiss Jena i. 
an awful lot to me, but I hope wismut Aue V. Bradwtewerdn 2, urton 
this balance is about right” seraji: ISK'iSw^Dr^dS ft 
Kirk's decision wfll be a §^2* conbus i. Rotvlwss Btat ft 

this balance is about right” 
Kirk's decision wHl be a 
considerable blow to the U niver- 
sity rugby ride this autumn, bat 
they wul have the services of Bill 
CalcrafL the Australian back- 
row player, who has been tonr- 

Dynamo BarSToT Dynamo Dresden ft 
Ensraie Cortbuo 1. fi«-Wetes Erfurt ft 
Kart fcrx Stedt 0. Vorwaarts FranMwtO. 
FINNISH: Vaheakosken Haka ft Paw 
PaBotoverit 1; Hetangm JafcapaBoktabl 4. 
eras Tampere 3. Ksmn Patoseura ft 

Zealand with iJSSTTittSttA 

Wallabies. ■ 

• Blackpool, who recently faced 
closure, more lhan doubted its 
operating loss io £196,000, 
according to ihe dub's annual 
report- The third division dub 
was saved from extinction when 
Blackpool Corporation ap- 
proved a £150,000 loan, of 



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80: 3, WU Znqemg (Chum. IS.aft 

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(Nimi £58 843.02 

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PEKING: World ctrtnptonMpo: te*™« 
l.liun ( O*nai l9.60pts; 2 V Kprolyw 
iussrTS 5S. 3. S toolimiOftft Pora-te 
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(USSR). 19 80: 3, WU Zhxpsig (Oxnai. 19.60. 

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19.8ft 3. v Korolyov (USSR), 
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(EG). 19 55: J. I 


CUMBRAES: sraurtartaort Cumbraja 
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BRANOS HATCH: Lucas toWMi ft l. A 
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Wen ME Vaulfc 1. V ShuBtanow (USSR! 
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snujnunova lUSS R). 19.925: |. 0 
Omefcancnih lUSSRL '3.90ft ft D S> re 
fHonj. 19 850 tawL £_ 9™^* 

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10. 7ta Fool Ouanss a^Ttkitad S ervfcas 
i*BV20d> King s Hus*are 7. Royal Sara 
Dragoon Gustos l 


HEMEL HEMPSTEAD: Cmdoy Script Own* 
son at Ctampton* Seta-taste P PenBon 

^nrton Abbott ». R Btfta (MW tera 

EsraaulM 1& R Kaanng (Piymoutti 
SwwM)2l.MWartlBa!®cSTo»nM7 ftast 
Damson 21 «eaang 1ft 

Cotth WALES: OMBS *Mn itaKimnj njh 

AM IbtSTSmSSSS (Hdansbuitf. 


AWTEMORE: Queen's Forest Itai: tftStan. 

285m amok 1. M Dean (Forth 

41sac 2. G Guy (Grampenv 83-43. 3. G 

IS ion. iB5m ctett i. 4 Litoy JLal^mp. 
8341. 2. A WaKtar (InwnteSSL »48: 3. M 

IS 3km. 1B5m Ctirrtt 
8341. 2. A WaHter 0 

Fraser (Mam. 88:14 

Saturday S eptem ber 6 
ontees stated 
X Araeral « Toranhwn 
1 Aston vna v Oxfcxd 
X Charlton v Norwich 
1 CMta v Luton 

1 EwrmvQPR 

2 Leicester* Man U 

l Sttrampton * Nottm F 

1 Watford v Wimbledon 
X Wes Hare v Liverpool 


2 Barnsley w Pormnoutfi 
2 Btackbum u Sundatisnd 
x Bradford* Oldham 

1 Brighton « Qnmsby 

1 Derby vG Pataca 

2 Huddersfield v Leeds 
1 teA v Plymouth 

1 1pswich v Shrewsbury 
■Xfteadsigv WBA. 

X SMIMU vBtimlngtaffl 
X Btechpool « Catsste 
1 Baton v Dadmgton 
1 Bnendord v Port Vale 

1 BnstolC vWjgafl 

2 Newport v Swindon 

t Now Cov Bourramh 
1 Wateeav Doncaster 
1 YerfcvBnsniR M 
Not on axjpaos ltoo- 
how v Chesterfield (Sun- 
day). Mddeftfirougn « 


1 Exeter v Stockport 
1 Hartepool v Canto U 
1 Hsnatord v Burnley 
1 Lowoki v Preann 

1 PewtxjrOvAWerahoi 

2 Rocbdste v Nttiampton 

■ Not on coupons: HaWax v 
Southend (Fndayk Scun- 
thorpe v Crewe (Sunday); 
Swansm v atent Tor- 
quay v Wrexham; 
Tranmere v Cotahester 
(Friday); Wolves u Canfill. 


1 Camb C v Raddteh 

2 Foltetn v Bnxnsgrovs 
X Gosport vBedwartti 
X King's Lynn v OanfOrd 
X Wmey w Corby 

l Worcester v Crataay 


1 Cette v Ham ta o n 

2 Dundeav Dundee U 
2 Fsfldrk v Hibemiai 

1 Hearts « Clydebank 

2 Mothanwa v Rangers 
2 St Mirren v Aberdeen 

1 Airdrie * Particle 

2 Clyde v Montrose 

1 Dumbarton v Brechin 

2 East Fife v Morton 
X Forfar vQ ol Sth 

2 KBrnmck v Dunfermline 


1 Atoion v Arbroath ■ 

1 Aloa v Sfenhousemur 
Not on coupons: Ayr v 
BanMu East Stiring v 
Stranraer Meadonbank v 
Queen’s Park: Rato v 
Sorting: Si Johnstone v 

TREBLE CHANCE (home teams): AraanaL 
Charlton. Newcastle. West Ham. Brad- 
ford, Sheffield United. Blackpool. Chester, 
Gosport. King s Lynn. Witney, Forfar. 
BEST DRAWS: Arsenal, West Ham, 
Bradford. Chester. Fortar- 
AWAYS: Manchester limed. Portsmouth. 
Swindon. Gitangharn. Northampton. 
HOMES: Chelsea. Evanon. Manchester 
City. Watford. Bntoton. Ipswich, Brent- 
lord. Bnsoi Crty. Nona County. Harde- 
ngd. PetambonMgh. Celtic. 

FIXED ODDS: HomMs Chelsea. Evarton, 
Manchester Oty. Wetferd. Ipswich. 
Aw aw Swindon. Gatingham. Ncnhemp. 
ton. Draws Arsenal West Ham. Chester. 

v ... 

Leading poatOora: 1. KiAMysl Lata, 
p^ed ITL ocbtos 26: 2. HaMp 
iafi'jipallokhjwr 18. 24; 3. Turun 

Pataseura. 17. 23. _ „ „ 

HUNGARIAN: Homed Budapest ft 
Ferancvaros ft Debrecen 2. Zaiasgerseg 
1; Iflpes Deszsa 2. Vasas Budapest ft 
Duna>4vaios ft Tatabanya 2: Srntok ft 
Pecs 2: Rata E» CJycr 6. Behescsata 1: 
VUaoton 3. Szomfcathety 0: MTK VM ft 
Eger 1. Leading poateora: 1. Pees, 
played 4. points £ 2, Tatabanya, 4. 5; ft 
^erenevaros. 4. 5. _ 

PORTUGUESE; Gutoaraes 2. Porto £ 

Benbca 2 Vamn ft Rio Are 2, Sporting 2: 
Bras 2 Man&mo 0: Craves 0. Braga 2; 
Academlca 1. Porttinonanse ft Farense 1. 
Boevtsta 1; Salgueiros 0. Botenansos 2 
SOVIET: Spartak Moscow i. Dnepr 
Dnepropetrovsk 1: Shtahtyor Donetsk 2. 
Metafcst Kharkov ft Dynamo Ttx&si ft 
Natohi Baku ft Torpedo Kutaisi 2. Ararat 
Yerevan 3: Dynamo We* 0. Torpedo 
Moscow 0: Dynamo Moscow 2. 
Chemomorets Odassa T: Dynamo mnsk 
2. Karat Alma-Ata 1. Leacfing p pel ta nr 
l . Zena Lanmgrad. played 21 , poms 2ft 2. 
Dynwno Moscow. 20. 25: 3, Spartak 
MOSCOW, 22. 24. 

SPANISH: Barcelona 2, Santander ft 
Sporting Gaon 2, AthtaOc Bilbao 0; Las 
Patinas^. VatadoHO. 

SWISS: St Galen fi. La Chaux-dfrFQnds 
1; Zurich 2. Lausanne ft Locarno 0, Aarau 
i : Lucerne 2. Basel 0; Neucftatel Xanrax i . 
Young Boys Berne 1: Sion 3.-Servene 2: 
Vevey 2. Grasshopper a wwfingen 1. 
BeUnrona 2. Leading potado m c 1. Neu- 
chatel Xamax. ptayatf4. points 7: 2, Sion. 
4. 7: Grasshopper. 4. 6: STZurich. 4, 5. 
TURKBH: Dtyarbtoirepor 0. Gtatesaray ft 
Ankaragucu 5. Zonguldafcspor 2; 
Trauon&oor 0, Genctarmgi ft BOfliktes 
1, Bpiuspor 0: Eaklsehirepor 0. 
Fenerbahca ft Atay 2, Samsunapor 4 : 
AntaJyespor 1. Malatysspor 0: Raaspor 1. 
B uraas porLKocaelfcporl.DaniasporO. 
Nuremberg B. Remscheid 3. Kaaers- 

YUGOSLAV: Spartak Subo&ca 1 . Sutfaska 
Nftsic 1; Vardar Skoplje 1. Fled Star 
Betoade ft Radradu Nfs 3. Prune ft 
. HMuk SpM 2. Ostek ft Veto Master 4, 
Ztotomear Sararevo ft. Saraievo l. 
Dinamo Zaweb v. Dinamo Wwova i. 
Rijeka 1: ftwttean Belgrade 2, CeM 
Zenka 1 : Buduowst Titcmd 2, Steboda 
Tuzta 1. Laartaa pasWnw: L Vardar. 
pftaed 4. poms fl: ft Radnidu. 4. 5: 3. 


* en >Dt 




’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


: .1^ 

6 00 CenfaxJklUL 
®^° ^Wwrnmewith 
gooote Greonwood and 

^^ hinLondon 

ana Nick Ftoss at the Tuc 

11 •• l 1 ‘iV> 

t l; 


• « '»'Vi 

• 1 ■ ,l ■ 

• : . 

• • *■.*;. % 

■ . ' ,I- V , 
i> . : 

' • ' ^ m*. 

: . 71 firt .. 

. - ws* 

-«■ r 
• v • 


/'• r 



national and 

; rasas®- 

sport at 7JZ0 and 8Jft and 
a review of the morning 

. newspapers at 1L37. pk 

the adult and adolescent 
poone-tn advice ftnesr 

gardening advice; and a 

[eape from Glynn 


**° l22*?^ onCoo « re w 

1M6. Vincent Hanna and 
NkstKtos Jones report 
from Brighton. 

1588. 1<L45Ce«faJ. 

too News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 
Carpenter, includes news 

' 1-25 Regional news and 

2.15 T2S^SJ Won Conarewi 
1986. The debates on 
social insurance and 
pensions 4.12 Regional 

4.15 Dastardly and Mutttoy. 

- Cartoon. (r)4J0 Wacky 
. Races. Cartoon. [r> 

A35 FBm: Haunters of me 
Deep. This firet of anew 
series ot feature ffims 
made by the Chfldren's ■ 
FBm Foundation is a 
drama, set in the bn- 
. mining area of Comwafl, 
about a young boy and girl 
who meet a strange young 
man dressed in on 
fashioned miner's dothes. 
Directed by Andrew Bogie. 

535 Kick Start Heat two of the 
Norwich Union Kick Start 

hoy must 
iy up not 

- :• t ■ . 



••• A •. 

i -I- 

■. • 

mot orcycfists from 
England. Scotland, 
Sweden and Belgium. 

MJO News with Sue Lawley and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

7jOO Vintage Morscambe and 
Wise*. A show from the 
Sixties, introduced by 
Ernie Wise. The guests are 
Barbara Law ana Penny 

730 EautEndem. Michelle is 
reluctant to attend the first 
day at college because 
baby Vicki is 

830 Open Al Hours. Arkwright 
. decides to make nurse 

housekeeper. (CeefaxHr) 

8.30 Help! Part one of a new 
comedy series about three 

— ... — -arts, 

hearing news of Jobs ki 
buikHng site security. 
Written by former Baffin's 
• Redcoat. Joe Doyle, and 
starring Stephen McQana 
Davkf Albany. and Jake , 
Abraham. (Ceefax) ... - 
930 Newswfm JutaSomervffle 
Regional news and 

Big DeeL Ray Brooks .. 
stars as Roboy Box in .this 


‘ f 


first of anew tan-episode 
series about the 
misadventures of an .. 

• inveterate card 
player. (Coe fax) 

1020 Hospital Watch RevMed. 
Frank Bough and Ns team 
of Debbie Thrower, 

■ Robbie Vincent and 

Maggie Phflbin, return to 
the Queen Alexandra and 
'■ St Mary's Hospitals In 
Portsmouth to find out 
what happened to the 
patients who were 
featured in the week-long 
live series shown in 

11.10 TheTaSe of Health 

presented by Judith Ham. 
Top restaurateurs 
Raymond Blanc and Nick 
Gw prepare two exciting 
dinner-party menus, (r) 
1135 Rhoda. Brenda has a 
new room-mate who 
manner, putting Rhoda s 
celebrated self- 
assurance to the test~(r) 

®* 15 Good Morning Britain 
Presented by Anne 
Diamond and Adrian 
Blown. News with Gordon 

spot at 6 j« 0 and 7-40; 
exercises- at 635; cartoon 
at 735; and Jen! Barnett's 
. postbag at 835. 


The guest 


W5 Thames news headlines 
followed by Struggle 
Beneath tne Sea. The 
stories of three members 
of the eel family. 

935 Farriery: The Master 

■ Craft. The work of 

blacksmiths and horse- 
doctora 1030 When we ~ 
Fbat Met A 20th-century 

Romeo and Juliet tale 

1135 Home Cookery 
Chib. Ron Crispy PWca’ft* 
Bacon, (r) 

1130 About Britain. A profile of 
Bob Fraser' a shepherd 

for more than half a 

1230 Tkrideon the Turn. VUI 

tales tor children, (ri 12.10 
Rainbow, (r) 1230 The 

130 News at One with John 
Suchet 130 Thames 
news. 130 Mr PStfrey'of 
Westminster starring Alec 

McCowen as a S pedal 
Intelligence Service 
investigator. (Oracle) (r) 

2.30 Daytime. This first of a 
new series of stucKo 
discussions on topical 
matters deals with Women 
In Fear. Among those in 
the autfience ana Diana 
Lampkxtoh, the mother of 
trussing Suzy. Suzy's 
boyfriend, Adam Leegood, 
and her sister, Tamsin. ' 
Presented by Sarah 

330 Heiriooai. This week's 
edition of the antiques 
programme features a • 
collection of Japanese 
ornaments 335 Thames 
news heatfines 330 The 
Young Doctors. 

430 Jamie and tho Magic 
Torch, (r) 4.10 The 
Moomkis. (r) 430 
Inspector Gadget 
Cartoon series. 435 
Splash. Michael Groth 
meets young 
entrepreneurs who have 
■ built up successful 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

5.45 News with John Suchet 

6.00 Thames news. 

635 Reporting London. A new 
senes begins with reports 
cm the disgruntled battlers 
against London's 
increasing drug adtiction 
problem; on Scotland 
Yard's success rate in - 
solving crimes of rape: 
and news of the 
Farnborough Air Show. 

730 Emnmdale Farm. The 
Sugden famfly arrive for 
■ the funeral. . 

730 George and MMfted. ■ 

.. Domestic comec^ series 
atarrbia Yootha Joyce and 
- Brian Murphy. (r) 

630 The Jim Davkhon Show. . 
The guests are Samantha . 
Fox and Richard Dtaance. 

930 Taggart. Part one of anew 
starring Mark McManus as 

... Det-Cmef Insp. Taggart 
• the man in charge of the 
huritfor the killer of the 
wile of a wealthy 
landowner. (Orach*) (see ■ 

1030 News at Ten with Alastair 
Bumet and Leonard 

1030 First Tuesday: Come on 
In, the Waters Fkirf How 
dean are Britain's 
beaches? IGcfcad Into 
Touch. The story of Steve 
Ford, banned tor Nfe by 
the Walsh Rugby Union 
for playing in trials with a 
Rugby League dub. (see 

1130 Hammer House of 

Mystery and Suspense: In 
Possession, starring 
Carol Lynley and 
Christopher Cazanova. A 
wrfs discovers a wak-fn 
closet containing things 
die has never seen 
before, (r) 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

Nefl Doecan end Mark 
McMjumkITY, 930pm 

•Although it is only in 
ffieMMo Touch, the second of 

FIRST TUESDAY'S two films 
(MV, 1030pm) that someone 
actually talks about “the 
unforgivable sin'’— die sin being 
the banning for life of a Welsh 

to tin 

Haters F&w, the rugby ban that 
has Wen on Steve Ford is no 
more than a venial offence. It's a 
good job the school holidays 
are all but over, because Come in 
etc deals with the pollution of 
our battling beaches by the kind 
of human detritus that a not 
spoken of to oofite company, and 
by the kind of waste matter 
that only todustrfeflsls with 
disposal problems on their 
mind, (tiscuss with any degree of 


enthusiasm.] see that! shall 
now have to keep my fingers 
crossed behind my back 
when going on about the 
spotiess golden sands of my 
native town Blackpool 

• A warm welcome tor 
DEATH CALL (ITV. 9.00pm). yet 
another series featuring Mark 
McManus as Taggart tne Scots 
detective who Is so dour that 
you would swear he had bean 
denied a wee dram ever since 
the day he was weaned. Sporting 
enthusiasts w« instinctively 
understand the depth of his 
gloom when I say that he 
mutters profanities H re “If golfs 
a religion, t’m glad I'm an 
atheist”. Logically, he is the 
Job's comforter par 
excellence. His sergeant turning 

up with a mighw hangover at 
the reservor where a body has 
been found, receives the 
sardonic greeting from his chief: 
”1 thought the dead body was 
in tin water. 

• Other highlights tonight: 
Brendei, Abbaoo and the LSO at 
the Proms hive, on both 

BBC2 and Radio 3, 730). and 
Edward Dmytryk's high- 
quafity thrffler Mirage (Channel 4, 
9.00pm), Invariably 
overlooked when wn writers 
compfie their lists of the 
cinema's best mystery yams 

• Radio choice; Theodor 
Weissenbom's Out of the 
Depths l Osh (Radio 3, 

935pm) is half an hour of the 
bleakest despair imaginable. 

The reason 1 recommend it is 
that it ends on a note of hope. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

635 OpM Unfcmafty: FiaM 

Geology - Arran. Ends 730. 

930 Gharfasr. The last in the 
- Aslan magazine's series 
of musical specials. 

935 Csefax. 

4.10 Trades Union Congress 
1996. Vtocant Harm and 
Nicholas Jone s report 
from Brighton. 


535 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

530 Our House. A profile of the 
semi-detached house In 
Harrow which is home to 
the Johnson famiy. BM 
Johnson has Hvao in the 
house which was built for 
his father in 1924, an his 
life and he and his wife 
have no Inte ntio n of 
leaving. Their grown-up 
famBy nave but are regular 
visitors to the residence, (rj 

630 No Limits. Rock magazine 
programme introduced by 
Jenny Powell and Tony 
Baker from Tenby In South 
Wales. This Issue includes 
an aerobatic display; a day 
on the hoof with the Radio 
1 Roadshow; a visit to a 
perfume factory run by 

monks; and the latest 
videos and Top 40 pop 
musk: sounds. 

630 Forget-Me-Not A Forty 
Minutes documentary 
about the competitors, 
their parents, and the 
accusations of 
skullduggery surrounding 
the MissPoland 85 beauty 
contest held in Warsaw's 
Palace of Culture and 
Science, (r) 

730 Uve from the Proms. Part 
one: Alfred Brendei Is the 
soloist in Brahms' Piano 
Concerto No 1 in D minor 
with the London 
Symphony Orchestra 
conducted by Claudio 

830- The Promenaders. 

Michael Berkeley talks 
about ti>e devoted group 
of music lovers who give 
the concerts thek special 
atmosphere. Included is 
archive film of Sir Henry 
Wood and Sir Malcolm 

830 Uve from the Proma, part 
two. The London . 
umes wral the terfies’ 
voices of the London 
Symphony Chorus, mid 
Bartook's suite; The . 
Mfracmous Mandarin. 

935 Kingdom of the Ice Bear. 
The lastof three- 
programmes about the 
. Arctic. Can thewfldfito of 
the continent be saved 
from human predators in 
the forms of hunters, oil- 
men, scientists, and 
miners? (r) 

1030 Newmriffr introduced by 
Nick Clarke from the 
Trades Union Comrass in 
■ Brighton, where today's 
events included an 
address by Nell Kinnock. 

11.15 Weather. 

1130 Muak: at NMiL Michael 
Colins (clarinet) and 
Kathryn-Stott (piano) play 
Concours and Bosom's 

11.30 §peni£2vefalty: 
SnoraAMds School • 
Facing Charge. Ends at 

NB Progr am me timea after part 
one of the Proms are 
appr o ximate. 


235 Ffkn: Mr Mote Takes a 
Chance* (1938) starring 
Peter Lorre as the shrewd 
Japanese investigator, this 
afternoon helping an 
Indonesian entafto nft> a 
rebellion in the bud. 
Directed by Norman 

3-45 tn My Experience. Mavis 
Nicholson tteks to Barbara 
Castle about her Ufa and 
her politico! career, (r) 

430 The Gong Shew. Another 
ton of the American 


talent shew 
worst acts! 

- Among these' 

afternoon are a lumping 
- country singer; rasoerry 
blowers; and a talking dog. 
530 Bewitched. Darrin's nose 
is put out of joint when 
Samantha wins a trip to 
Tahiti in a slogan-writing 
contest and is then offered 
a lob by Darrin's boss. 

530 Pets in Particular. The 
final programme to the 
series presented by Lesley 
Judd includes vet James 
Aflcock following tin big 
cat tracks at Longleat 
House; and an item on 
tenets as pets. (Oracle) 
630 World Cup Gymnastics. 
Highlights of the 
competition held to Peking 
over the past three days 
630 TUC Conference Report 
JuKe Hall introduces 


730 Chanmi Four haws with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen indudes a 
profile of Amstrad, one of 
the most successful home 
computer companies to 
the country. 

730 Comment With her views 
on a topical subject is 
Aneke Farmer, a 
UncolRshure schoolgiri. 

830 BrooksMe. Paul and 
Annabel© wait with 
apprehension the arrival of 
Gordon's friend. 

830 The Wine Programme. 
Jands Robinson examines 
' the relationship between 
wine and food with top 
Alsace winemaker, Johnny 
Huge!, and chefs, wine 
. merchants and vrine- 
• makers from Spain,. - .. 
France, England, tteiy and 

Australia, (n 

830 FBnn Mirage* (1965) 
starring Gregory Pack. 
Diane Baker, and Walter 
Matthau. A thriller about a 

4 Naw York businessman 

who develops amnesia. In 

; his efforts to recatihte 
past be enBsts the aid of a 
private detective but 
before they can discover 
the truth the busines sm an 
becomes embrofled to 
murder and the target of 
two kUers. Directed by 
Edward Dmytryk. 

1130 Baby, Baby. Joob Holland 
and raufa Yates draw on 
their experiences as 
parents to (tiscuss with 
young people the 
pleasures and pains of 

having babies. With 
contributions from, among 
others, Suzi Quatro, the 
Three Degrees' Shetia 
Ferguson, and Suggs of 
Madness, (r) 

1130 Too dose for Comfort 
American domestic 
comedy series starring 
Ted Kraght as the over- 
protective father of two 
attractive daughters. Ends 
at 1230. 


• ■« • J 

: f* .» 


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/6433 crow Salto 836.M62. 
From seal 9 ror a UmHeq 

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*kM a Mm »•« to* 

- Awi In'* M. on Sun. 


BAHHCAM NALL 628 8795/638 

■ «8- yus* S2U2SS 


/6433 Group Sales 836 3952. 


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\ ion sranony W» 01 -W 6 - 
1 M05- Mon-6M iCtom \RRta 

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; 7.30 The KMuki-AYSamuia^ 

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7756. Eve* 7.40, MWSKUO 

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Crp sales 930 6123. 




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Sat 250 6 800 
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An Wl 01-437 5686/7 01-454 
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Evg, 7 JO. Matt Wed and Sal JO. 
Croup Sain 01-930 6125. 

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CC ROOKMC1 OM 81 MB 7208 

JAN *87 

LTITOLTOM *»■ 928 2232 CC 
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Frl 200 (low (rice mat) 


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sut>6 7.46 Tire riHIIML Pre- 
itewt SrM 18 id 18 A Geet 23 A 
23al 7^48. OMCHSeM 24 M TOO. 

26 to 29 TDK 

Tnen Sen 21 


MATFAM S CC 629 5056. Mae 
Thu 8 Fri/Sal RAO A 8.10. 


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741 9999. PireiCMICC 240 7300 
■24 Hrs 7 Oavi Meei-m 8. Sat 6 A 



Raped fry . . 

Steven BEgggF 

WSST Dor* ClimKL ■ 

Extended natt Oct IS 

(PeMimtre toad * urtaK) 

( Radio 4 ) 

On hmg wavs. Stereo on VHF (s) 
9L55 Shipping CtOONows Briefing; 


JohnTlmpson and 1 
Hobday with Brian Redhead 
fri Brighton at the Trades 
Union Congress. Ind 6 JO, 
Business Naws. 6J5, 7^5 
Weather. 7.00, 8.00 
News. 7M Letters. 7^5, 
625 Spcxt 7^5 Thoutftt 
for the Day. 

643 Fits Hundred Mite 
Watkies (2) Somerset 
and North Devon. 

Weather; Travel 

3.00 News 

9.D5 Tuesday Caft 01- 
580 4411. Phone-in 
HUM News; From Our Own 
Correspondent Lite and 
poWcs abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 

1030 Morning Story: The Evti 
That Men Do. by 
Hizebeth BowenJtead by 
June Barrie 

1045 Daily Service (s) 

1130 News: Travel; Thirty- 
Minute Theatree. Basil 
Dewetopments v Richards, 
by Stephen LavaB. Cast 
indudss Trevor Nichols, 
Edward da Souza and 
Jennifer Piercey 
1133 The Living Wond, with 
Jufian Hector. 

1230 News; Ycxi and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Chris Bums. 

1237 Brain of Britain 1986. 

The final of the general 
knowledge quiz. Competing 
are Stephan Gore. 

Robert dose. Arthur Naylor 
and David Dewar. 123S 
Weather; Travel 
130 The World at One: News 
140 The Archers. 135 

230 News; Woman's Hour. 

From the Isle of Skye. 

330 News: The Afternoon 
Play: Sacrifice, by Bertie 
Doherty. With Moir Leslie 
popular foHcgroup( 9 ) 

430 News 

435 Turn of the Tide. 

Professor Keith Ward 

argues that a significant 

rediscovery of the 

importance of Christen frith 
is now taking piace (3) 

Faith and Ptvtosophy- 

430 Kaleidoscope (last 

night's edition, repeated) 
530 PM. News magearn 530 

Shipping 535 Weather 
630 News; Financial Report 
630 Counterpoint Musical 
knowledge quiz, chased 
by Ned Snetrin (s) 

7.oo r&ws 

735 The Archers 

7-20 Rebels. <3) Henry Miter 

730 You Curt Be 

Serious . . . Steve Race 
investigates tne bizarre side 
of life. 

830 Brainwaves (hew series). 
Kenneth Baker, MP, 
Secretary ot State for 
Educaion, tackles issues 
raised by pufls. staff and 
head techer at 
Kingsthorpe Upper School. 

830 The Tuesday Feature; 

Lost Cities of the 
Classical WoridL Mateofen 
Bi Bings with historian 
Jonathan Ritey-Smlth explain 
how Turkey lost many 

i coast 

S.00 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap. 

930 Writers on Btue Paper. 

Short story. The Capfin 
Garden, by Lob Scott 
Reader Valerie Cokten. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Indudes 
comment on the lira 
Mona Lisa 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. 
Academic Year (7). Read 
by Michael Deacon. 10.19 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 ErtsHprisa. Marjorie 

Lofthouse meets finalists 
in the RadoTmes/Redio4 
Enterprise competition. 

(4) Adtrack Limited 
1230 News: Weather. 1233 

VHF England and S 

Wales only) as above except 535- 
6.00am Weather; Travel 135- 
230pm Listening Comer. 530-535 
PM (continued). 11 30-12.1 Oara 
Open University: 1130 Open 
Fonxn. 1130 Warsaw Pact 

( Radio 3 ) 

On VHF/FM (In stereo) end on MW 
635 Open University. Writing 
about art Ends at 

635 weather. 730 News 
735 Concert Suppi 
(Morning. Noon and 
Night in Vienna overture), 
Concerto Op 52, with Hatoz 
HolUger, oboe). Chopin ( 
Variations Mantes. Op 12: 

Ashkenazy, piano), 

Stamitz (Wind Quartet Op S 
No 2), Dvorak (Slavonic 
Dance in E minor Op 72 No 
2). 930 News 

835 Concert (contd): Henze 
rreiemanniana suite). 
Beethoven (Romance No 2: 
Suk. violm and Prague 
SO). Brahms (Holder kfingt 
der vogalsang. etc 
Wunderitch, tenor], Stoaitus 

Byrd. Cor 
KbjsKken works 

Including Fantasia a 6, 
Fantasia a 3. and 
Brown in gs 5 

945 Canadians: recordings 
including Rameau's Les 
sauvages. Bach's French 
Suite No 2 in C minor, 
BWV 813 (GoukLpiano). 
Walton's Sonata «B 
minor (Staryk, violin and 
Bowkun, pteno) and 
Debur sy s Quartet In G 
minor. Op 10 
1130 Beethoven and 

Schumann: Christoph© 

>). Prior Evans 

Coin (cello), 
(piano). Beethoven 
(Sonata in 

C major. Op 1 02 
No 1), Schumann r 
imVoBtston.Opit . 

1235 Pwd Piper Music tor 
danemg. With David 
1235 Concert BBC 

PMhsnnonic (under 
Bryden Thomson). Pari one. 
Mendelssohn (Hebrides 
overture), Haydn (Symphony 
No 68)). 130 News 

135 Concert (contd): 

Buaerworth (Symphony 
No 4) 

145 Guitar encores: Nortoert 
Krafrs plays works by 
Eduardo Salnz de la Maze, 
FaBa (including 
Homenaje pour ie tombeau 
de Debussy) and Attwnlc 

2.15 Beethoven s Rivals: 

Nash Ensemble/Anthony 
RoHe Johnson/David 
Witbson. ETA Hottmann 
(Harp Quintet). Schubert 
(Octet tn F. D 803). Zettar 
(Erste Veriust) and settings 
of HeidenroalMi by 
ReichardL Gronland and 

430 Chicago SO (under 

Michael T4son Thomas). 
Tchaikovsky (Manfred 
Symphony). 435 News 

530 Mainly (or Pleasure: wtih 
Roger Nichols 

530 Girolamo Frescobakfc 
Robert Woolley plays 
works including Toccata No 
9 (Book 2. 16637) and 
Capricdo sopra I aria di 

7.10 TeU Us the Tricks: 

recruiting poems read by 
Mgel Graham, Richard 
Derrington and Stephen 

730 Proms 86: London SO 
(under Abbado), with 
London Symphony Chorus 
(woman's voices) and 
Alfred Brendei (piano). Part 
one. Brahms (Piano 
Concerto No 1) 

030 Debussy visits London 
(or The HingE David 
Suchet plays the composer 

•40 Proms (continued): 
Mandarin suite) 

935 Out of the Depths I caft 
Peter Tegal's translation 
of Theodor Weissenbom's 
play. Wfth Richard 

Durden as the spiritual 

counsellor. Music by 
Elizabeth Parker 
1035 New Music Group of 
Scotland: Thomas 
WHson (Chamber Concerto), 
Roberto Gerhard (Leo) 

1130 Naw World Consort. 

French and English 
chansons, ayres and 

dances. Including works 
by Richard Edwards and 
Edward Johnson 
1145 Simon Barere (piano). 

Etudes by Scriabin and 
arrangements byGodowsky- 
ll-STNews. 1Z30 

( Radio 2 ) 

On MFimedium wave). Stereo 
on VHF, 

News on the hour. Sports 

Desks 1.05pm, 232, 332, 432, 
535. 832, M5 (mf onhrt. 935. 
Cricket Scoreboard 730pm. Tennis 
(US Open) at 11.02pm, 


4.00am Colin Berry 53Q Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 930 
Ken Bruce 1130 Jimmy Young 
ind medical questions answered by 
Dr BiH Dolman 135pm David 
Jacobs 235 Gloria Hurmiford 330 
David Hamilton 535 Selina 
Scott 730 Moire Stuart Presents^. 
The BBC Rada Orchestra. 935 
Sports Desk 130 Non-Stop Stutz 
(Stutz Bear Cats) 1030 On The 
Air. Quiz covering over 60 years of 
radio history 1130 Brian 
Matthew 130am Patrick Limt 330- 
430 A Littie Night Music 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the half-hour from 
830aoi untR 830pm then at 1030 
and 1230 midnight. 

530am Adrian John 730 Mttte 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 230 Newsbeat 

1245 Gary 

Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 

545 Bruno Brookes (Ind naw Top 
40 States) 730 Jamca Lorn 
1030-1230 John Peel. VHF 
Stereos RADIOS 1 ft 2> 430 
am As Radio 2. 1030 As Radio 1 . 
1230-430 am As Radto 2. 


SJDO Nowsdnk UO Counterpoint 730 
News T3B Twtnty-FoMf Hours 730 This 

Particular Plan 748 Natwork UK 8JBS 

Naws MM RaflKtnns C30 Uszt Plano 

Mime MO News L0» Romaw ot Brtiah 

Prass 0.15 World Today 130 Financial 

News A40 Look Ahead 945 What's Naw 

1030 News 1031 Mission to Turicana 

1130 News 1139 News About Britain 

11.15 Wavegufcto 1US A Loner from 

Scotland 1130 Spans Inte rn a ti onal 1230 

Radia Ne w raal 12.15 Sky's The Unit 
1245 Snorts Rounduo 1J» News 130 
_ Hours 130 Network UK 145 
Ol the Week 230 Outlook 245 
Joan Sutherland 330 Radio Newsreel 

3.15 A Jofly Good Show 430 News 430 
Comment ar y 4.15 Omnibus S45 Sports 
Roundup 746 Stock Market Report 830 
News S.m TWenw-Four Haas 830 
OmNbua 030 News031 On The Box 9.10 
Book Choice 9.15 From the Roms *88 
1030 News 1039 WWW Today 10-25 A 

Letter tram EnolarW 1030 Financial News 

1040 Reflections 1045 Sports Roundup 

1130 News 1139 Gowmenary 11.15 

New Waves on Shortwave 1130 Sky's 

The Utrtt 1230 News 1239 News About 

Britain 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1230 

Omnibus 130 News 131 Outiock 130 

Report on Ralglon 145 Country Style 

230 News 230 Review of British Praes 

2.15 EngVeh MMetuves 230 Is That Al 

You Tlw About? 330 Naws 339 News 

About Britain 3.15 World Today 44S 

Reflections 430 FtaancW News 530 

Naws 539 TwenhhFour Hours 545 WWW 

Today. 40 times h GW. 

92.5; Radto 4; 200kHz/1500m: 
1458k Hz/206 rrt VHF 94.9; 

PPUI Waiss Today. S35-730 Bowls 
(flnalot Welsh Nmtonal Outdoor Sln- 

gto» Chenylonafttos). 1230-123 6 esi 

200pm Decades. 635-730 Reporting •- 
ScoUmd. 11.10-1140 Three' aCom- 
pany. 1140- 12 35 — The TastaoT 
HuHft 1235-1210 Wtothen Ctoee. 


Sport. 540430 inside tester. ft*T 
730 NOW You’re TeUnq. 1230-1235— 
Northern Ireland News. DaOLAND. 
«Jft730pm.Reqtanelnews mBBSri nes. 
JtSSSL Newt. 939 Sesame Snoot 

10 Iff— ranhtii Sriwlwf. 1050 Mime 

the Mouse. 1130-1130 Connection*. 

1230pm-130 Laave It 10 Mrs 
O'Brien. 130-130 News. 329430 Sons 
and 5 Qua Honeybun. 
530^545 Crossroads. 630 Today Soutii 
West 035 Tetorim. 930 Ttiwidw 
view. 730-730 Me ft My GH. 1130 PWK- 
sertot Diary. 1135 Falcon Crest 
1231— CbsedowiL 


Rapons. 930 Ftinc The Mkxi 
Pound Note. lOLESChUren's VDIege. 

1130 Granada Reports. 1136 Abcwt 
Britain. 1130 Connections. 1135-1230 

Qranada Reports. I30pa»-130 Gra- 

nada Reports. a30-4J®Sooe and 
DauWTlHe- 630Gnuiada Reports. 
630Tl*i is Ytair Right 9J»730 Crosa- 
lOida. 1130 Men (na Suttcaia. 

1230— Closedown. 



Paint Along with Nann- 1030 Crime 
Casebook. 1050 Mr SMth. 11.15-1130 
Serpent River Pkdctos. 13qpm-130 
News. 630 News. 545-730 Cto airo sd S . 


9J0 Struggle Bsneeth the Sas. 
ftOOpeMtRpm Wstaa « Six. 

S4C Stans: 130— Dsndn' Days. 
Sttac, 230 Fla— n. 215 k— vsL 
215 Sons of Abraham. 245 In My 


peppina 530 Car 54. Wlwa Are 

YouTftOO Looks FamSar. 545 Let's 

Pariaz Frangws. 730 Nsvnddkm 
Saflh. 730 Byw ■ Bod. 4j» Cily Centre 
Cycing. 830 Cha—uvnion. 1030 
Gymnastics- 1030 FDR Jezabel 12 . 2 0— 
TUC -06. 1230 Closedown. 

gg orn sHs^^s^. 

Street 1033 Fa* Guy. 11.15-1130 
Country Calendar. 1230— -130 Garrian- 
mg Tima. 13D-130 News. 330-430 
Sons and Daughter*. 5.15-545 
Emmardala Farm. 530 Scotland To- 
day. 636 Crossroads. 730-73DTaka tits 
M(71 Road. TI30 Lets CUL 1135 

Swowwy. 12 30 — Closedown. 

Sin. 1035 Cartoon, 1030 Wheoto. 
1130-11300nceUponaTkno . . . Man. 
T230bm-130 Gardens ter Aft 135- 
130 News. 515-945 EmmorttiUa Farm. 
630 About Anglia. 635 Croaaruads. 
730-730 Bygones. 1130 H— ar. 
1225— Tuesday Topic, doeadawn. 


1036 Professor KHz*. 1030 
Rodostary. iijkmi JJOnoo Upon ■ 
Tima. Mar. 130— -130 News. 330- 
430 Sons andOaiyitBre. 630 
UtokaramcL 935-730 Croesroads. 

11 30 Tales from the Darks—. 1230 

ULSTER *25—^ Became 

Street 1B35 UtSi House 
on flm PUrtL 1130-1130 Mtoc die 

Mouse. 130-130— Lunchtime. 330- 
440 Joanto Loves ChachL 630 Good 


730 Crossroad*. 11 JO Tne Baron. 
1225— News. Closedown. 


— -130 Gardening Time. 130-130 

News. 630 Crossroads. 636-730 
News. 1130 Sweeney. 1230— 
Joblinder. 130 CkmadOML 

Tl/g As London s w ept! 

Sesame Street m»DevTa 
Bait 130— News. 130-230 Coun- 
try Practice. 5.15-546 Sons and Daugh- 
ters. 6J0 Coast to Coast 625 Pottos 
5. 635-730 Crossroads. H30Tkanic- 
A Question oi Murder. 1230am 
Company. Closedown. 


■nww. 930 Tarzan. 1035-1130 
Short Story. 1230pro-l30 Gardankig 
Time. 130-130 News. 215-545 
Bnmen tel e Farm. 530 North ToniphL 
535 Crossroads. 730-730 Me and 
my Gni 11 30 T J Hookar. 1230— 
News. Gbaadown. 

930 Sesame Street 1635 
SpecswaKh. 1040-1130 Nature of 

Things. 130— News. 135-130 
Lookaround. 930 Norttam Ufa. 635- 

730 Crossroads. 1130 Mysteries of 

Edgar HWteoe 1230— God Gats a Bad 



and the Wheeled Warriors. 250 
Gore— snaa 1245 Short Store. 1135- 
IIJfiRrabaa XLS. 1230— -1 J» 
Lunchtime Urn 130-130 News. 130 Mr 
FMreyof Weaerwiater. 2XM30 
Country Practice. 030 Calendar S35- 
730 Cro»»ra*ti9. 1130 Tates From 
tha Daritskte. 1200 Show Express. 1230 
am-C3D Music Box. 

MA1KMAL nunc Sto Bank 



see S8FA— T C PCT—S. W—r 

Iren to am. KCTMMMrr 19M 

2033). CAST CAR rwK toft» 

*'** 633 0880. AIR CO— 

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405 0072 CC 379 6«33 OKS 7^6 
Tue A 3 1 3.00 A 7.45 . 




OUWKR 928 2352 CC (Na 
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Today 2.00 How price onto * 
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version By SN ertwim 



Wl. m 7.18. — 2-00 Clow 
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486 CC 379 6433 

cr Hodine 480 IMS 


Tool. Fn A Sai 7.45. Mat 6 m 


Wed 2-30 A. 7.48 W toll 

PALACE yweatwe «7 era* 
OC 437 8327 °r 3T9 645S 
fM Call 24Hr7DayOC 240 7200 
On. S alto 930_6_ia5__. 


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2*0 7900. On Salto *30 6123. 
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HMlinm 579 6£A6.7ai 

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8.0 Mats W«d 3 A * 

EDWARD Box Oflflct 

73*8901 FfcSI CM)Z«Hr7Dwl 
CC Booking 836 346* Crp Sales 
930 6135 _ 

Mon-Sal 8. MU Thun A Sal 5.00 


SHOW" N t w iw H* 


rfUMCE OF WALES 01-930 8681 
/3 CC Hodine 930 0844/6/6 Grp 

Sale* 930 6123. Kdto Proww 

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hr 7 dav 240 7200. 
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-momi NCAV8N" E Strartw. 
Eves 730. MM Thur * Sa« 5. 

01-734 1166 /7/ 

0261/0120. Sflhr OT 2*0 7200. 
Ore Sales 930 6123. 



Leonard rawntirt 


EXCITEMENT-- s. Times 
Mon-Sal a Mitt Wed 230 S» S 

KOVAL COURT S DC . 730 17*3 
Cih 8am. sm mate *— 
Devito. “ W iMwfc W i — 
— Time OuL 

SAVOY 01-836 8888 CC 01-379 
6219. 836 0479 EuafllnoB 745. 
Matt wed 3. sal 5 * BJO 






COMEDT. 01-579 5399 01-379 

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MM SM 1.30.. ton Tha—. 

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oem* Tmav Sept 11th. 

MlAve TMMTRE 388 1 39* 

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230 8 730. Wed Frl A SM 

ST MAKim 01-836 1*43. So- 
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836 2660 CC 836 
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Grp Salto 930 6123 




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Mon-Fn 7,4fi Mat wed 300 
Sat 4-30 A 8 16 



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VAUCmil Bex Office * CC. 

056 9987/8645 First ON OC. 34 

hn 340 7200 IMcp NO. Ctpa 8.0. 

— wed 2.3a SM 5.0. 83a 


OPE— T O — — f AT 730 

VICTORIA PALAU 01-014 1817 
Eves 730 Mate Wed A — 238 


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ADO tXKdC on msr CALL 24 Hra 

7 IbWL (BfePeel 01-240 7200 A 


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cr 834 0048. FM CMI CC 340 

7200 * CC 741 9999/379 6433. 

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First piA&ked ia 1785 

Setback for England as 
Lineker eludes Robson 

By Stnazt Jones, Football Correspondent 

England’s only practice 
match before the opening of 
the European championships 
will feature neither the captain 
nor the leading goalscorer. 
The right back, a central 
defender and a midfield player 
who would have expected to 
have been in contention for a 

Wednesday are also unavail- 
able. “Four years ago, that 
would have irritated me,” 
Bobby Robson said yesterday 
as he announced lus squad 
that will leave for Stockholm 
on Monday. “Now I just 
forget about it and pick some- 
one else”. Bryan Robson, 
Stevens (Everton's version), 
Fenwick and Reid are all 
injured. Their loss, though 
disappointing, is therefore un- 

The absence of Lineker, the 
sharpest marksman in the first 
division last season and in the 
World Cup finals last sum- 
mer. is particularly galling. 
Had it not been for an 
elongated breakdown of 
communications, he would 
again have been leading 
England's attack. As it is. he 
may be ruled out of all their 
foture friendly matches. 

Robson, using telephone 
numbers supplied to him by 
Everton, attempted to contact 
Lineker before he left for 
Barcelona. He wanted to ad- 
vise him that a clause, 
stipulating that he should be 
released for ail internationals 
fixtures, should be inserted 
into his contract. Wilkins and 
Hateley. for instance, are 
given that assurance by AC 

But Lineker remained as 

elusive during the summer as 
more than a few first division 
defences found last season and 

the crucial message foiled to 

reach its intended destination 
in lime. Robson, although he 
has established an amicable 
agreement with Terry 
Venables, recognises with re- 

on Cadiz next Wednesday, 
have the right to retain their 
expensive acquisition. 

“He scored twice in his 
opening game for them at the 
weekend, so I can understand 
that he wants to continue his 
good starL But I'm surprised 

“There is hardly anybody left 
from last season,” Robson 
said, “and. Since this is a 
friendly match. I've decided to 
introduce a new crop. The 
only overage player, for exam- 
ple. is a goalkeeper”. 

Robson has promoted a 
couple of 21-year-old players. 

has come in as expected to fill 
in for his namesake Bryan. 
Had he not spent a few 
months sitting on Arsenal's 
touchline last season, he 
would, Bobby Robson says, 
have been that much doser to 
being in foe Worid Cup squad. 

England squad 

(Glasgow Rangers). V Andaman 
Thomas (Tottenham), T Butcher 
am United}, D Watson (Everton). G 

... a (Everton), RWWdns(AC Milan). G 

Hoddto (Tottenham Hotspur). S Hodge (Aston Vita), 8 Robson (Arsenal), P 
Beardsley (Newcastle United). K Dixon (Chelsea), M Hateley (AC MBan), J 
Barnes (Watford). C Wacfcfle (Tottenham Hotspur). 

that he didn’t get that clause 
written in and 1 didn't know 
about it for sure until yes- 
terday. There is no question 
that it is a big Mow for us.” 

Robson was tempted to 
bring in Cottee, West Ham 
United’s exciting young pros- 
pect. as an immediate replace- 
ment He is to reassess his 
form tonight at Upton Park 
against Nottingham Forest 
and he may yet summon him 
if there are any further 
withdrawals before the senior 
squad gathers on Sunday 

Cottee has not been in- 
cluded in the under-21 party, 
who are scheduled to meet 
their Swedish counterparts in 
Oestersund on Tuesday. 

for which he was put on 

“He has served a two-year 
term with the juniors,” Rob- 
son said. “He is a promising 
player. He is strong, has 
stamina and be gets into the 
box like Bryan. He has to learn 
to time those runs and per- 
haps to improve his technique 
on the balL Above all, he 
needs experience”. 

Mitchell Thomas, of 
Tottenham Hotspur, steps 
into the vacancy behind 
Sansom at left back. England’s 
manager has looked at 
Statham and Pickering in the 
past and is still considering 
Pearce, of Nottingham Forest 
“There are not many choices 
in that position but it would 

appear that Thomas is the best 
prospect in the country.” 

Wright, once regarded simi- 
larly highly as a central de- 
fender, is still a month away 
from recovering fully from a 
broken leg (to think that he 
told Robson that he would be 
available for the World Cup 

albeit temporarily, by Watson, 
who could yet be a sounder 
international player than 


The other 16 on Robson’s 
abbreviated list were all with 
him during the extended sum- 
mer tour wben the spirit of the 
squad was unquenchable. In 
spite of the absence of the 
inspirational captain, it will 
doubtless be so again for the 
preparations that are un- 
reasonably brief England en- 
ter the qualifying stages next 
month in Belfast. 

Having beaten Finland 
away 3-1 early in August, 
Sweden held the Soviet 
Union, one of the more tal- 
ented sides to be seen in 
Mexico, at home some 10 days 
ago. “I haven't seen them fora 
couple of years,” Robson 
admitted, “but I have had 
good reports about them and 
they will be a hard test for us.” 

So will Spain, England’s 
next opponents outside the 
competitive arena. They are to 
act as hosts, probably in 
Barcelona or Seville, at the 
end of February. Robson is 
also planning to take on 
another strong nation at 
Wembley a few days after the 
FA Cup finaL An invitation 
has already been sent to 1 

’#'• t 

Scotland recall Johnston Saunders 

but Roxburgh finds # *g£ ( 
no place for McAvenme 

M. Dean Saunders, the Bne 

Although he seldom es- 
caped the overpowering pres- 
ence of Terry Butcher, the 
England World Cup defender 
who was his immediate oppo- 
nent in Sunday’s Old Firm 
match. Maurice Johnston's 
recall to the Scotland party for 
their match with Bulgaria has 
been greeted with almost 
universal acclaim. 

So sharp has the Celtic 
forward been since his way- 
ward experiences in Australia 
which led to his exclusion 
from the Scotland World Cup 
side because of his. alleged a 
hedonistic approach to life, 
that he has become the 
favourite of Scotland support- 
ers. who admire, if the truth be 
told, the player with the touch 
of devil. 

A warning, however, has 
gone out from the new Scot- 
land manager, Andy Rox- 
burgh. a former headmaster, 
not only to Johnston but to all 
the players in the pool which 
was announced yesterday. 

“From now on. all our 
players must be walking 
advertisements for Scotland — 

By Hugh Taylor 

on and ofT the park,” he said. 

Whether Johnston will ever 
become the “solid citizen” 
which obviously is a backbone 
the new Scotland manager 
seeks in his attempt to give the 
country credibility in a tour- 
nament which has brought 
nothing but disappointment 

ham Athletic). J Leighton (Aber- 
deen). C Money (St Mirren), R 
Gough (Tottenham Hotspur), A 
Hansen (Liverpool), a McLeMi 
(Aberdeen), N MaJpas (Dundee 
United). W mer Aberdeen), D 

Dundee United). R Stewart 

S tem). R Aftfcen (Celtic). A 

(Aberdeen), P McStay 
(Celtic). W Madcay (Hearts). G 
Stractan (Manchester United). D 

Cooper (Rar 
(Liverpool). M 
McCotet (Rai 



r United). D 
K DaJgfish 
m (Celtic). A 
C Mebatas 

to the tartan army may be 
open to doubt But the likeable 
Johnston heaved a sigh of 
relief when he was told he was 
back, probably to be paired 
with his idol, Dalglish, or bis 
opposite number in the ling- 
ers team, the sharp McCoist in 
the Scotland squad. 

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Questions were asked, how- 
ever, about why Frank 
McAvennie of West Ham, 
who has impressed Scots 
watching his progress on tele- 
vision, has been left oul 

Roxburgh was blunt “We 
have had him watched three 
times since the season 
started.” he explained. “But 
we felt that although his two 
goals against Manchester 
United made fine television, 
the player has started slowly 
and his play was not yet as 
fluent as those we have 

He said it would not have 
been practicable to have 
added to the pool players such 
as Shaiyr, Speedie and 
Sturrock in view of the num- 
ber of forwards already at top 
form available. 

He pointed out, however, 
that attackers of the quality of 
McAvennie would not be 

Roxburgh may not be the 
choice of the man in the street 
for the job of Scotland man- 
ager but few will argue about 
his wisdom in this selection. 

of injury 
for Moses 

Manchester United, who 
have lost their opening three 
League fixtures, have had 
another setback with the news 
that Remi Moses is injured 
and is out of Saturday's match 
at Leicester. 

Moses has a recurrence of 
the ankle injury which has 
threatened his career for the 
last two years. He returned to 
the dub last Thursday after 
three and a half weeks treat- 
ment by foe Amsterdam 
specialist who treated Bryan 
Robson, and was thought to 
be cured. 

Pat Nevin has recovered 
from a knee injury and is 
induded in Chelsea's squad of 
IS for tonight's home game 
with Coventry as foe London 
dub seek their first win. 

Gary Briggs, Oxford 
United's central defender, 
missed training yesterday with 
a knee injury and may miss 
the away game against 
Everton. Slatter has been 
added to the squad. Sheedy, 
Everton’s influential midfield 
player, has an ankle injury and 
could miss the game. Aspinall 
and Wilkinson are on standby. 

Ray Stewart, recalled to the 
Scotland squad yesterday for 
the first time in four years, 
faces a late test on a hip injury 
before West Ham’s game 
a gainst Nottingham Forest. 
West Ham’s manager, John 
Lyafl, says he is hopeful 
Stewart will play. 

After their surprise 1-0 vic- 
tory at Old Trafford, Chariton 
are unchanged for their home 
ame fellow first di- 

vision newcomers, Wimble- 
don. who await fitness tests on 
force players. 

Graham Rix, Arsenal's for- 
mer England midfield player, 
has to have a fitness test on an 
anklft injury before foe ream is 
finalised for foe home game 
n ffiinci Sheffield Wednesday. 

steps in 
for Hughes 

By Clive White 

Dean Saunders, the Brigh- 
ton forward, aged 22, steps 
into one of foe voids in foe 
Wales team against Finland in 
Helsinki tomorrow week 
knowing that he has little hope 
of filling it permanently. 
Saunders was chosen yes- 
terday as replacement for 
Mark Hughes because 
Barcelona's £2ra British im- 
port is suspended for foe first 
two games of this European 

Saunders, who has yet to 
play in competition for Wales, 
impressed Mike England, now 
in his new capacity as part- 
time manager, during the tour 
matches against Canada this 
summer, scoring twice in the 
3-0 win in Vancouver. It will 
not be foe first time, though, 
that he has partnered Rush. 
He came on as substitute 
against foe Republic of Ire- 
land last March. 

If Wales were to lose one 
half of their deadly duo, it 
could not have come at a less 
inconvenient moment in 
group six of this champion- 
ship. Both Wales’s opening 
fixtures are against Finland, 
foe weakest member of foe 
group. Hughes’s special tal- 
ents will be more seriously 
needed against Denmark and 
Czechoslovakia. England said: 
“Losing him is a tremendous 
blow. We want to get off to a 
good start because with Den- 
mark in foe group, we need to 
pick up points against the 
other two.” It must be galling 
to know that Hughes’s ban is 
punishment for an offence 
dating back to two years ago 
when he was a member of foe 
under-21 team. Because of the 

The punch that knocked out Connors: Witsken showing the determination that won the day 

Connors slides gently down 
a mountain he once ruled 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, New York 

It took the last 30 mantes of 
the German Open hen as 
Sunday to (each Peter Bate 
the harsh reality of pro- 
fessional life. 

In that time, the precocious 
newcomer to foe European 
tom 1 lost more than he won as 
be dropped a shot at each of 
the last three holes. Those 
errors cost him £3,323 — the 
difference between joint fifth 
and joint 10th place. They also 
co st him his chance to gain 
immediate qualification to 
■ext year’s circuit. 

As it is, he still needs some 
£1,500 to make sure of fnrisb- 
ing the season in the top 125 m 
foe Epson Order of Merit, and 
exemption from the annual 
qualifying school at La 
Manga, Spain. 

He should hare no problems 
working off that deficit. His 
bright showing since ho min g 
professional last month has 
won him a special sponsor’s 
invitation to the rich European 
Masters at Oans-sur-Sieire, 
Switzerland, starting on 
Thursday. A top 30 finish m 
foe Alps is all he needs after 
£3,052 in Germany to 
foe £630 he woo at foe BelTs 
Scottish Open foe previews 

Success for foe 18-year-old 
Conner Waite Cap player 
from Codsall, Wolver- 
hampton, Is critical (his week 
mless be can attract invita- 
tions for the rest of the 

Jimmy Connors was beaten 
6-1 6-4, 7-5, by somebody 
called Todd Witsken in foe 
third round of foe United 
Slates Open championships. 
Neither Connors nor the Press 
quite knew what to make of it 
After the match Connors did 
not sound particularly de- 
pressed. He might have been 
out fora stroll in the park. The 
problem for the Press was 
whether the defeat of a player 
who had not won a tour- 
nament for almost two years 
was still news. In foe circum- 
stances — a grand slam tour- 
nament and Witsken — it was. 

Today is Connors’s 34th 
birthday. It has been evident 
for a year or so that much of 
foe okl speed and punch, 
much of the old bounce and 
stamina, has been draining 
out of him. Everybody, not 
least Witsken, knew that So 
Witsken diligently kept Con- 
nors at work for two hours and 
10 minutes of a hot afternoon 
and beat him without having 
to take many risks or play 

Connors could not put the 
bail away. Nor could he keep it 
in play long enough. As foe 
match went on it became 
increasingly dear foal if 
Witsken kept his bead, there 
was no way Connors could 
hurt him. Witsken, aged 22, 
comes from Indiana and is 
competing here for foe first 
time. He played an admirable 
match both tactically and 
technically. He ran down as 
much as be could, insisting 
that Connors should keep on 
playing shots, and on occa- 
sion. he introduced discreet 
variations of pace and length 
to mess Connors about And 
Connors died quietly. 

Connors had won the title 
five times and had readied the 
semi-finals, at least, for 12 
consecutive years, it would 
have been better, more 
respectful, towards his mem- 
ories, and ours, had he ad- 
vanced towards a quarter-final 

MEN'S SINGLES: TfiM round: (US 
unless stated): T Witsken bt J 
Connors 6-2. 64, 7-5; J Nystrom 
(Swe) bt E Jeten (WGt 5-7, 4-6, 6-3, 
6-0, d- 2; M Srejber (Gz) bt J Yzaga 
(Peru), 3-6, 6-1. 64. 6-2; B Becker 
(WG) bt S Casa) (SpL 7-5. 64. 6-2. 
WOMEN'S SINGLES: Third round: 
C Kohde-KRsctl (WG) bt J Dune (GB) 
6-2. 6-3; H Mendtkova (Cz) bt E 
Reinach (SA) 64. 6-2; C Uovd bt M 
J Fernandez 64. 6-2: W Tumbul 
(Aus) bt R White. 3-6. 7-6, 6-1. 

with Boris Becker. But Con- 
nors seemed to realize that 
there was not much chance of 
thaL So he settled for a bag 
finish, just to remind us that 
foe street fighter, the tennis 
Marciano, still lurked some- 
where within that weary 

Connors saved five match 
points. Then Witsken lured 
him into a sixth trap with a 
backhand drop — and seconds 
later Connors missed the tar- 
get with a backhand down foe 
line. He had gone down with 

— ’reminders of foe far more 
illustrious battles he had 
fought and won at Hushing 
Meadow, Wimbledon and 
Paris. But those glories have 
long been fading. All Connors 
could do was jog our 

Connors came off court and 
said be felt “flat” In the old 
days his response to defeat 
was often bitter, even angry. 
Not now. When o nee-great 

players are on the way down 
and begin to lose more often, 
defeat ceases to matter as 
much. They still have that 
pride. They still care about 
dignify. But they have learnt 
to live among mountains 
without climbing them. 

It must be doubted i£ by the 
end of the month, many 
people will easily remember 
foe players (Paul Annacone 
and Witsken) who ruined 
John McEnroe’s attempted 
comeback and gave Connors, 
another push towards the less 
arduous pleasures of foe over- 
35 circuit. Annacone and 
Witsken are not all that good. 
They just seized their chances 
to demonstrate that at present 
McEnroe and Connors are not 
all that good either. McEnroe 
is young enough to return to 
the top 10 if he wants that 
badly enough. If not he must 
either retire or adjust himself 
to a reduced level of 

Neither McEnroe nor Con- 
nors has won a grand slam 
tournament since 1984. Ex- 
cept for a fleeting appearance 
by Connors at Wimbledon, 
two great, delightfully enter- 
taining championships have 
come and gone without them. 
They were missed in Paris and 
at Wimbledon, but they were 
not missed much. As Ameri- 
cans, they will be missed 
rather more in what is left of 
foe US championships. But 
there is much truth, harsh 
though it may be, in the old 
Irish saying that being in- 
dispensable is much better 
than being dispensable. Peo- 
ple with names like Connors 
and McEnroe have special 
cause to think about thaL 

Bate has, however, already 
earned the respect of his new 
colleagues in professional golf, 
and proved his steel during the 
ordeal of being paired in the 
German Open third road 
with Severiano Ballesteros, an 
experience that no less a 
•player than Bernhard Langer 
‘has described as intimidating. 

“He is the finest 18-year-old 
golfer I have ever seen,” said* 



; A Norrowi (HuB City). A 

^Lh3S^ T K*J»ekett (Wat- Cooper on 

ford), K Ratcflfle (Everton), J Jones 
(Huddersfield Town), D PbSps 
(Coventry City), R James (Queen's 
Pailc Rangers), P Mehotea JLuton 
Town), I Ruh (Liverpool). J Charles 
(Oxford United). D waSams (Nor- 
wicii City), C Blackmon (Manches- 
ter United). M Abslwood (Charlton 
AtMetic), D Saunders (Brighton), S 
Lowndes (Barnsley). 

time lapse involved, foe 
Welsh FA have tried, without 
success, to get the penalty 
quashed or reduced. What is 
Wales’s loss is Spain's gain 
and Barcelona can now retain 
the services of both Lineker 
and Hughes for a league game 
foe same night as foe Wales 
and England games. 

Wales, whose only 
recognised forward in the 16- 
man squad is Charles of 
Oxford United, will also be 
without Van den Hauwe not 
to mention foe first and 
second choice goalkeepers, 
Southall and NiedzwieckL 
The back four defender, who 
has missed Wales’s last five 
matches and foe start of the 
season, is still troubled by a 
Mood disorder. Consequently 
foe legendary Joey Jones, who 
retired from foe international 
scene last year with a record 
72 caps, makes an involuntary 
comeback, aged 31. He will 
probably play alongside 
Ratciiffe, in foe centre of 
defence. England said: “Joey 
is willing, to play in an 

The ankle injuries to foe 
two goalkeepers need another 
couple of months to mend so 
Norman, of Hull City, and 
Dibble play on. 


Malcolm Cooper, of 
Hayling Island ended the 
worid 300 metres shooting 
championships in Skoude, 
Sweden, yesterday as he began 
last week — with a record- 
breaking worid championship 
(our Shooting Correspondent 
writes). He finished by taking 
the standard rifle three po- 
sitions tide with 586 out of 
600, three points better than 
his own worid record, and 
four points in front of the 
holder, Harald Stcnvaag, of 

This brought Cooper’s total 
haul for the week to two worid 
championships, three new 
world records and two records 
equalled. The world 
championships continue in 
Suhi, East Germany, next 
week. . 

Korean split 

North Korea yesterday an- 
nounced it would boycott foe 
Asian Games opening in Seoul 
later this month. The official 
Rodong Sinmiin newspaper 
accused South Korea of plan- 
ning to use the games to 
perpetuate the division be- 
tween North and South Ko- 
rea. “We should not be 
involved in things helpful to 
national division, and there- 
fore, we will not participate in 
the !0fo Asian Games sched- 
uled in Seoul,” the North 
Korean Central News Agency 
quoted foe paper as saying. 

Cooper? world record 

Lloyd out 

Andy Lloyd, foe Warwick- 
shire and former England 
batsman, will not play a pim 
this season. He broke his nose 
on his last appearance in July 
and is now recovering from a 
back injury. Last season he 
missed a number of matches 
with a broken finger and has 
not completed a full season 
since he was struck on the 
head by a bouncer from 
Malcolm Marshall during his 
Test debut against West In- 
dies at Edgbaston in 1984. 

On the mend 

Jacques Laffite, the French 
Formula One driver, who was 
seriously injured in the British 
Grand Prix on July 13, leaves 
a Paris clinic this week after 
seven weeks of freatmem. 
Laffite, at 42 the oldest driver 
in foe worid championship, 
will be unable to walk for two 
more months. 

Dittmar back 

Chris Dittmar, of Australia, 
foe former world No 2, re- 
turned to top squash after 
being out for a year through 
injury by winning his qualify- 
ing match yesterday in foe 
Hong Kong open tournament. 
Dittmar was at one time 
considered foe only player 
capable of defeating Jahangir 
Khan, of Pakistan, foe worid 

Double Dutch 

Cees van der Velden, the 
Dutch powerboat driver, has 
claimed his second victory of 
the Formula One powerboat 
season in Toledo, Ohio>, foe 
final event of the worid series. 
Van der Velden took foe lead 
wben Barry Woods, of the 
United States, nosedived at 
full speed on foe rough course. 
Gene Thibodaux, who 
crashed on Saturday, could 
not compete in the main event 
but his position as world 
champion is already assured. 


Mike Hulbert won foe 
Memphis golf classic by one 
stroke over Joey Sindelar, his 
boyhood friend, with a final 
round of 69, and a final total 
of 280, eight under par. It was 
Hulbert’s first victory in two 
years on the PGA Tour. 
Hulbert started to play golf 
with Sindelar wben they were 
children and continued to do 
so throughout their secondary 
school years. . 

Bate: harsh lesson 

Ballesteros. “He has a very 
good swing, and he is strong in 
every department All he 
needs now is experience.” 

That was a generons tribute 
indeed in the _ fight of 
Ballesteros’s association with 
foe young Spanish prodigy, 
Jose-Maria OlazabaL More- 
over, Olazabal won foe triple 
crown of amateur golf, the 
British Boys, Youths, and 
Amateur Championships, 
whereas Raker’s cre denti a ls , 
from a brief amateur career, 
were highlighted by his victory 
in foe Brabazon Trophy test 
year, and subsequent selection 
for foe Walker Cup. 

“I was dropped from foe 
singles in foe Walker Cop, 
although I won two points out 
of three partnering Peter 
McEvoy,” said Baker. “I'm 
sure that Charlie Green, the 
captain, had good reasons, bat 
missing that chance of a 
lifetime in foe singles tipped 
my decision to turn 

“I stayed an amateur at foe 
start of this season to tty and 
win the British tide, hot 1 was 
beaten by McEvey early on. I 
needed a new challenge be- 
cause I felt that every time I 
teed op in amateur golf 1 was 
expected to do wdL Not even 
the greatest golfers in the 
world can win all the time.” 

Bate received permission, 
with the assistance of an 
mxderstanding headmaster, to 
leave school six months early 
in 1S8S to conc en tr a te on his 
golf. He first picked np a dob 
at foe age of four when his 
fathe r, who now jointly mas a 
municipal course , took hbn 
along to a localdab. 

Baker was initially *M°j»fat 
by Gwifiam Hardlman, bat 
since W inning (he rmimwrMl 
Union ander-15 tide at foe age 
of 13, he has been guided by 
A1 kk Lyle, father of dmmpioo 
goffer, Sandy Lyle. 

Baker admitted to feeling 
Rervoos on foe first tee when 
he was drawn to play with 
BaOesteras in the fokd romad. 

Bat he quickly settled into his 
gome, ontscored foe Spaniard, 
and fay foe end of foe round 
J?* Presumptuously tossing 
te ball to Ballesteros’s caddie 
to denning. “We did not 
speak ranch on foe course,” 
said Bate. “But Sere was 
very supportive and invhed-me 
to join him to tea in foe 
cfabhoase. It was all a maw^. 
tens experience.”