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No 62,557 



MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


Israeli Government in crisis over Sharon remarks 



w.sr. :■ 




peace 




• The lulling of 21 Jews in Istanbnl led 
to a crisis in Israel when concessions to 
Palestinians were blamed 

• Arabs assumed that the Istanbul 
nmssacre and the Karachi hqack were 
planned by the Palestinian Abu Nidal 


• CoiffnsKm remained in Karachi about 
the role of Pakistani security forces in 
the hijack shooting in which 18 died 

• Libya braced itself for possible attack 
after the massacres as Israel and the 
US vowed to avenge their dead Page 6 


Israel's Government faced a 
new crisis yesterday over 
statements by Mr Ariel 
Sharon, the Trade Minister, 
that a Turkish synagogue at- 
tack was the Palestinian an- 
swer to Israeli peace efforts. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Prime Minister, adjourned a 
cabinet meeting just after the 
Government stood at atten- 
tion to honour the 22 Jews 
killed in. the attack on Sat- 
urday by Arabic-speaking gun- 
men on an Istanbul syn- 
agogue. 

The general assumption in 
the Arab world was that both 
the Karachi hija cking and the 
synagogue massacre was the 
work of Abu NidaTs extremist 
Palestinian Group, almost 
certainly designed to discredit 
Mr Yasar Arafat's PLO and to 
destroy any chances of a 
negotiated peace in the region 
in the near future: 

In Israel the latest develop- 
ments are feared to have 
affected Mr Peres’ planned 
summit meeting with the 
Egyptian president, Mr 


Tomorrow 



THE DANGER 

SPORTS 

Some people will 
do anything for 
thrills — even 
if death is the 
price. The Times 
talks to the jumpers, 
fliers, riders and 
climbers in sport’s 
risk business 



• There is £8,000 to be 
won in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 

^competition today, 
double the usual ^ 
amount because there 
was no winner on 
Saturday. 

• There was no winner 

in the weekly . 

competition, so next _ 

Saturday’s weekly prize 
will be doubled to 
£16,0000. __ 

• Portfolio list page 20; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16 


:ott move 

rey Howe flies to 
w tomorrow to dis- 
tions against South 
:r EEC foreign mitt- 
in Hertfordshire to 
ordinate plans for a 
Pretoria 

ceremony. Page 10 


Final word 


Michael Wareham. a 
araiorv school head 
ier from St Andrews in 
defeated 21 finalists to 
the Collins Dictionaries/ 
Times national crossword 
ipionsbip 


Hone News 2-5 

Oversets 6-8 
Appts » 
Arts » 

Births, deaths, 
marriages 14 
Bffiiaess Vt- 2 % 
Conn *4 

Cross* tmblO.16 
Diary I- 


Leaders 13 
Letters 13 
OfctaaiY j 14 
Am Boads 1* 
Rehgwo 14 
Science £ 

Sport 25-2&30 
Theatres, etc 29 
TV A Radio 29 
Weather 16 


By Onr Foreign Staff 

Hosnik Mubarak, later this 
week. ‘ * 

On Saturday night MrPeres 
had vowed that kraef would 
“not rest until h had cut off 
the murderous hand" respon- 
sible for the Istanbul attack. 
He reacted to Mr Sharon’s 
remarks by terminating the 
meeting after a few minutes. 

Mr Peres rfwnmKfad a full 
public apology and recanta- 
tion from MrSbaron before he 
.would agree to reconvene the 
cabinet, at which operative 
decisions mi Israel’s reaction 
to the massacre were expected 
to betaken. 

Mr Sharon had earlier . 
submitted an explanation of 
his remarks in writing to Mr 
Peres, which the Prime Min- 
ister found inadequate. 

“If be (Sharon) doesn’t take 
back his words. I believe the 
Prime Minister will fife him,** 
Mr Rabbi Yitzhak Peretz, the 
Interior Minister, said. “Jew- 
ish blood was spilled and’ 
suddenly there is fighting 
among Jews." 

Mr Peres' adjournment of 
the ca binet meeting was . un- 


precedented in his two 
as prime minister. He is due to 
swap jobs next month with Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Foreign 
Minister, leader of the Likud 
bloc that mrimien Mr Sharon. 

Mr Sharon's Likud col- 
leagues, including the party 
leader, Mr Yitzhak Shamir, 
yesterday distanced them- 
selves from his remarks, and. 
attempted to persuade him to 
apologize; 

Bui they also Utterly criti- 
cized Mr Pens for taking 
advantage of Mr Sharon’s 
remarks to create what they 
believed was an artificial and 
uncalled for crisis - 
• ISTANBUL: Mr Turgot 
OzaL the Turkish Prime Min- 
ister, warned yesterday that 
Turkey might strike against 
international te rro rists in their 
own bases abroad (Mario 
ModianowritesX 

He suggested that the gun- 
men ‘ who carried oat the 
Sabbath massacre at Is- 
tanbul's synagogue might 
{rave come from Lebanon 
rather than Libya. 




Survivors of the Karachi massacre, including a boy wrapped in a blanket, arrived in a US Air 
. Force plane in Frankfort, West Germany, for treatment yesterday morning. 


tt 


Abu Nidal seen as 
most likely culprit 


Victims of 
hijack in 
US care 

A Briton wounded in the 
Karachi hijack bloodbath was 
in a “stable condition” in a US 
Army hospital in Frankfurt 
yesterday (Our Correspondent 
writes.) ' 

He is Indian-born Mr 
Hanfial Singh Matharu, aged 


Hijack survivors 
head for home 

From Michael Hamlyn, Karachi 


From Robert Fisk, Nicosia 


A finny of telephone tolls to 
Western hews Agencies in Ni- 
cosia and Beirut at the week- 
era! suggested that a Palesti- 
nian group — most fikety-ihe 
Abu Nidal movement — was 
responsible for the slaughter 
in Istanbul oh Saturday. 

The general assumption in 
the Arab world was that the 
Karachi hijacking and the Is- 
tanbul synagogue massacre 
were the work of Abu Nidal ’s 
extremist Palestinian group, 
almost certainly designed to 
discredit Mr Yassir Arafat's 
PLO. 

An anonymous female tele- 
phone caller in Cyprus said 
the Palestine Revenge Organ- 
ization accepted “full respons- 
ibility for the Istanbul opera- 
tion”. 

More convincing, however, 
was a call from an organiza- 
tion referring to itself as the 


Independent Fighting Front, 
which^iveredasfaement to 
fofe- newspaper wNahar in 
-Beirut, claiming that the Istan- 
bul kflfings had been in re- 
venge for foe Wowing up of a 
cargo ship “in the -Algerian 
harbour- of Annaba (sief. 

The Islamic Rrsrstanre, one 
of the factions involved in foe 
guerrilla movement fighting 
the Israelis in Southern Leba- 
non, yesterday denied a claim 
that it had been behind the 
Istanbul ItiUings. 

• WASHINGTON: The Rea- 
gan administration, strongly 
suspects that foe Abu Nidal 
terrorist group was behind the 
hijack of foe Pan-Am airliner 
in Karachi President Reagan 
said there was “no punish- 
ment too severe" for the high- 
jackers (Christopher Thomas 
writes). 



. v*ss«- 

Hjjack victim Mr Hardial 
M atitara from Coventry 

35, of Oyfield Grange Road, 
Coventry, who suffered shrap- 
nel wounds in the back and 
heel from the terrorists* hand 
grenades. 

Mr Matharu, a business- 
man, was flown to Frankfurt 
early yesterday morning in a 
US Air Force medical evacua- 
tion aircraft, together with 10 
other injured survivors. 

It is thought that Mr 
Matharu will be' in hospital for 
two days. 


Two hundred and nine 
passengers and eight infants 
flew out of Karachi yesterday 
after the bloody trauma of 
their hijacking on Friday. 

They left behind 18 dead 
fellow hostages, a group of 
passengers too badly wounded 
to risk travelling and. most 
evocative of all, a line of 
shoes, hand baggage and nov- 
els all awaiting claimants. 

In the airport terminal they 
also left behind a state of 
confusion among the Pakistan 
authorities about what hap- 
pened on Friday night. 

It is now perfectly clear. that 
the “firm action” praised bya . 
number of foreign govern- 
ments -and even lauded on 
Pakistan television by Mr 
Mohammad Khan Junejo, the 
Prime Minister, was a delu- 
sion. No passenger died in any 
crossfire between foe hijack- 
ers. No passenger, or any 
member of the press, spoke to 
even saw any members of the 
Pakistan security forces until 
long after they had fled the 
plane. 

Estimates vary over foe 
time that elapsed between foe 
moment the hijackers began 
massacring their hostages and 
the arrival of foe security 
forces in foe plane. 

According to Air Marshal 
K.A. Mirza, head ofPakistan’s 
civil avaiation authority, it 
took 25 minutes. According to 


Brigadier Tariq Mahmud, in 
charge of the Army task force 
on foe ground, they moved in 
as soon as they heard foe 
shooting begin. 

The departing passengers 
also left behind one grievously 
injured English woman. Miss 
Catharine Hill aged 26. who is 
in the intensive care unit of 
foe Aga Khan hospital here. 

The hospital, opened a year 
ago, is of a standard to make 
foe average national health 
hospital in Britain look like 
something out of the dark 
ages, and many of foe staff are 
Pakistanis returned from 
oveceas- The. .standard of 
treatment there is almost cer- 
tainly better than anywhere 
else in the sub-continent. 

Miss Hill was apparently 
caught turning her back on an 
exploding grenade. Her left 
buttock has been blown away, 
and her left thrah broken. The 
lower part of her spine is 
cracked. 

She was operated on for five 
hours at the weekend, by a 
team of orthopaedic and gen- 
eral surgeons, and received 16 
pints of blood. She is con- 
scious, according to her doc- 
tors, but in great pain. Her 
condition is stable, not life 
threatening, and there is a 
good chance that she will 
regain the use of her legs. 

“She told me she was lucky 

Continued on page 16, col 4 


Three face 
murder 
charges 

The three men held in 
connection with the five mur- 
ders last Tuesday in 
Fordingbridge, Hampshire, 
were yesterday charged with 
murder. 

George Stephenson, aged 
35, George Daly, aged 24, and 
his brother, John Daly, aged 
20, from Coventry, were 
charged with murdering Mr 
Joseph Cleaver, apublisher, 
Hilda, his disabled wife, 
Thomas, their son, Wendy, 
their daughter-in-law, and 
Mrs Margaret Murphy, the 
family nurse. ' 

Hampshire police said all 
three were erpected u> appear 
before Lymington magistrates 
this morning. 

Mr Stephenson, who until 
recently worked as a handy- 
man for. the Cleavers, was 
taken into custody last Thurs- 
day. The two brothers were 
arrested later that day in 
Coventry. 

The alleged murders were 
discovered when firemen were 

called to a secluded mansion 

in the New Forest after flames 
were spotted inside the house. 


Fowler loses plea for new 
post in Cabinet reshuffle 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent - 


The Prime Minister is be- 
lieved to havederided that Mr 
Norman Fowler should stay in 
his post as Secretary of State 
for Social Services despite his 
wish to be moved in this 
week's Cabinet reshuffle. 

Mrs Thatcher has appar- 
ently decided to go into foe 
next election with her present 
Cabinet tine-up virtually un- 
changed. It is probable that, 
there will be no changes at' 
Cabinet level in the min- 
isterial reorganization to be 
announced tomorrow or, 
more likely, on Wednesday. 

But there will be substantial 
changes in foe middle and 
lower ministerial ranks in - 
what is potentially the last 
reshuffle before the election. 

The Prime Minister gave 
foe Queen a broad outline of 
her plans during her weekend 
at Balmoral. 

Today she returns to . 
Downing Street after a visit to 
Geveland in the North-east, 
and mil this evening been 
detailed work on the reshuffle 
with Mr John Wakeham. the 


Government Chief Whip, and 
other advisers. 

Mr Fowler has been in his 
present post since 1981 and his 
hopes for a change have been 
apparent. His supporters have 
been championing him for the 
post of Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, now held 
by Mr Paul Channon. 

But Mrs Thatcher appears 
to have decided that it would 
be unwise to ask another 
minister to take over foe laige 
health and soda! security 
department, covering an area 
of policy which is regarded as 
crucial to foe Government's 
fortunes, so- dose to an 
election. 

Senior Conservatives also 
believe that she would have 
been reluctant to move him to 
foe industry department, in 
any case, because of his role 
within foe Cabinet, along with 
Mr Peter Walker, of opposing 
foe sale of Land-Rover to 
General Motors, of the United 
States. 


Department are, however, ex- 
pected to form a central 
feature of the reshuffle. Mr 
Barney Hayhoe, foe Minister 
of Health, and Mr Ray Whit- 
ney, his deputy, are expected 
to be replaced as Mrs Thatcher 
seeks a sharper defence of foe 
Government’s health record. 

Mr Chris Patten, the Min- 
ister of State for Education 
and Science, is believed to be 
the leading candidate for foe 
post of heahh minister but 
Mrs Thatcher may be reluc- 
tant to offer one of the main- 
promotions of the reshuffle to 
such a renowned “wet”. 

In an intriguing speech yes- 
terday to a Federation of 
Conservative Students con- 
ference in Leicestershire Dr 
Rhodes Boyson, Minister of 
State for Northern Ireland, 
and a strong favourite of foe 
right, appeared to be making 
bis own bid for the post. 

He launched a defence of 
foe Government’s record of 


Changes in the Department « « 

of Health and Social Security Continued on page 16, col 8 


Food poisoning hits doctors’ meeting 


By JDl Sherman 

Doctors attending a con- 
ference on diabetes at a Car- 
diff hospital at foe weekend 
were struck down with food 
poisoning, believed to be 
salmonella. 

Four hundred clinicians, 
nurses , and health specialists 
had eaten cold meats, meat 
pies, seafood and salad at the 
Lakeside Restaurant at foe 
University Hospital of 1 Wales. 
Cardiff, at Friday lunchtime. 

That evening two of foe 
delegates were admitted to the 
casualty department with se- 


vere vomiting and diarrhoea. 
The next day a further 23 
people with suspected salmo- 
nella poisoning were admitted 
to the hospital 

By Saturday evening 35 
people had been seen, some at 
neighbouring hospitals in Car- 
diff and 80 people had re- 
ported symptoms of food 
poisoning. 

The hospital was inundated 
with calls from clinicians who 
had attended the conference, 
demanding to know foe cause 
of foe Alness. The conference 
was scheduled to end on 


Saturday but by then most of 
the delegates had gone home. 

Yesterday 'enviromnemal 
health officials were stiD look- 
ing for foe source of tire 
outbreak. But hospital admin- 
istrator MrTony Averillosaid 
that because of foe timing of 
foe onset of symptoms, foe 
lunch at the Lakeside Res- 
taurant was - probably- to 
blame. 

The conference delegates 
had attended private res- 
taurants on both Thursday 
and Friday evening, which 
were also being checked by 
environmental health officers. 


Mr Averillo said that kitch- 
ens at foe Lakeside restaurant 
were entirely separate from 
those preparing meals for 
patients and staff at the hos- 
pital. No patients had gone 
down with foe Hlness. 

Mr Averillo pointed out 
that some of foe food, such as 
the pies, had been prepared off 
site. Chickens were however 
cooked in foe Lakeside's own 
ovens. 

None of the people admit- 
ted to hospital is critically ill 
but no one is expected to be 
discharged until later today. 


Boy dies 

trying to 
save dog 

A boy, aged 11, drowned in 
rough seas at Blackpool yes- 
terday while trying to rescue 
his pet Jack Russell terrier. 

It happened close to the 
spot where three police offi- 
cers were drowned three years 
ago attempting to rescue a 
holidaymaker who had gone 
in after bis Jack Russefl. The 
man also drowned. 

Yesterday, foe body of 
Mark Watts, of Oevedon 
Road, Blackpool was recov- 
ered more than three hours 
later, as the tide ebbed. A 
beach patrolman entered the 
water wearing a safety 
harness. 

With the sea lashing against 
foe promenade, a man had to 
be restrained by police and 
patrolmen from plunging in 

after foe boy. who could be 
seen floating out of the range 
of lifebelt and grappling hook. 

Onlookers watched help- 
lessly as the boy disappeared 
from sight, dragged down by 
foe undertow. 

Mr Tom Grainger, chief 
beach patrolman, said later 
“My patrolmen at the scene 
could bear comments such as 
■Why don’t they go in after 
him’, but they don't realize the 
danger. 

“There isa smooth concrete 
apron to foosea wall and it is 
impossible to get out of the 
water when foe tide is high 
and rough unless someone is 
hauling on a rope. Today it 
was too dangerous for any 
swimmer to go out” 

A search was carried out by 
Blackpool's two inshore res- 
cue boats, but abandoned after 
two hours. 

Earlier. Mis Bessie Cadweti, 
aged 71, a holidaymaker from 
Huddersfield, had warned the 
boy and his two friends not to 
run foe dog along the sea wall 
parapet moments before foe 
dog fell in. 


scow threat 
spy trial for 
US journalist 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


The superpower row over 
Nicholas Daniloff the Ameri- 
can journalist arrested nine 
days ago by foe KGB, grew 
more serious last night with 
the disclosure that he has now 
been formally charged with 
spying against foe Soviet 
Union and will fece trial if a 
deal is not struck between 
Moscow and Washington. 

Fust news of foe charge was 
provided by Mr Daniloff in an 
18-minute telephone call to 
foe local office of US Nen y <£ 
World Report , the magazine 
he has represented here for 
five-and-a-half years. “He told 
me that he had been officially 
indicted on charges of 
espionage." said his colleague, 
Jeff Trimble, who explained 
that Mr Daniloff had said the 
KGB investigation of his case 
could last nine months or 
more. 

Mr Danfloff who is being 
held with another prisoner in 
an 8ft by 10ft prison cell in 
eastern Moscow, was arrested 
at noon on August 30 after 
meeting a Russian friend and 
exchanging gifts. His relatives, 
colleagues and senior US of- 
ficials all claim be was delib- 
erately planted with secret 
material later found in foe 
package which he received. 

Mr Trimble quoted Mr 
Daniloff as telling him yes- 
terday: “My case is moving 
into a more serious phase. The 
charge of espionage puts it on 
a par with another case we 
know about” This was appar- 


ently a reference to foe Soviet 
physicist, Mr Gennady 
Zakharov, arrested in New 
York last month and now 
awaiting trial on spying 
charges in the US. 

Mr Daniloffs British wife. 
Ruth, has argued from foe 
outset that her husband was 
deliberately set up by foe KGB 
to engineer a direct swap for 
Mr Zakharov, 

During the telephone call 
Mr Daniloff aged 52, said he 
had been told in jail that he 
was being charged under arti- 
cle 65 of the Soviet criminal 
code, which deals with es- 
pionage. This article provides 
for between seven and IS 
years in jail or labour camp or 
for the death penalty. 

“His voice sounded strange, 
although he was calm and 
collected throughout.” said 
Mr Trimble, who recently 
arrived here with his wife to 
succeed Mr Daniloff. He also 
said that throughout foe call, 
Mr Daniloff had declined to 
give more details about the jail 
proceedings. 

Mr Trimble added that Mr 
Daniloff had emphasized that 
he hoped foe affair would not 
have an adverse effect on US- 
Soviet relations. Western dip- 
lomats believe that as long as 
Mr Daniloff remains in jail 
such an effect cannot be 
avoided. “Things will gei even 
more serious if he actually 
goes on trial ” one said last 
night 

West accused, page 6 


Thatcher 
backs acid 
rain curb 

The Prime Minister is likely 
to agree to a multi-million 
pound programme to combat 
“acid rain” pollution thought 
to come from British coal- 
fired power stations (Our 
Chief Political Correspondent 
writes). 

Cabinet ministers, due to 
meet on Wednesday under 
Mrs Thatcher's chairmanship, 
are expected to support foe 
installation of chemical 
cleansing equipment at some 
of foe newer 
The meeting is on foe eve of 
foe Prime Minister’s two-day 
visit to Norway where there is 
great public concern about 
sulphur emissions from Brit- 
ish stations, believed to cause 
acid rain there. The British 
measures will not be enough 
to satisfy foe Norwegians, who 
want all Britain's power sta- 
tions to be modified to pre- 
vent sulphur emissions. That 
would cost nearty £2 billion 
and raise electricity bills by 
more than 5 per cent. Mrs 
Thatcher's support for action 
will be seen as recognition of 
the Tories’ need to respond to 
pressure 

British worries, page 2 


Atom leak 
in Finnish 
reactor 

Helsinki (AFP) — Two So- 
viet-built nuclear power 
plants in southern Finland 
were shut down after a radio- 
active leak at one of them last 
Wednesday, foe Finnish Cen- 
tral Office for Nuclear Power 
Station Safety said yesterday. 

The official report blamed 
staff error for foe leak at one 
station at Lovisa, about 30 
miles east of Helsinki, in 
which 594 cubic feet of weak 
radioactive water escaped. 

The plant manager said foe 
accident did not represent any 
danger to foe reactor staff or 
the environment 

Nuclear power safety of- 
ficials said permission to re- 
open foe plants would only be 
given when the firm which 
operates the plants. the 
Zmatran Voima company, had 
dearly explained safety rules 
to staff. 

Finland, which has two 
Soviet nuclear plants and two 
of Swedish design, was one of 
the countries most affected by 
the Chernobyl disaster, which 
made the Finnish government 
shelve plans to commission an 
additional plant with one or 
two Soviet reactors. 


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HOME NEWS 


Ex-Thatcher 
aide urges 
Whitehall 
overhaul 


By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 


■ Sir John Hoskyns. former 
head of the Prime Minister's 
Downing Street policy unit, 
today adds his voice to the 
growing clamour for far- reach- 
ing changes in the way White- 
hall is run. including a system 
giving ministers their own 
"cabinets" to help with their 
government, party and 
Constituency work. 

; In a report published for a 
conference in London, Sir 
John, director general of the 
Institute of Directors, says: “It 
is becoming increasingly diffi- 
cult to find anyone outside the 
ranks of government min- 
isters and senior Civil Ser- 
vants who does not believe 
that fundamental overhaul of 
the machinery of government 
is now a matter of urgency. 

"Virtually all retired senior 
officials , most ex-ministers 
and many academics are now 
convinced that something is 
seriously wrong.” 

Sir John's intervention is 
embarrassing for the Prime 
Minister as it comes six weeks 
after the Government effec- 
tively rejected a call by the ail- 
party Commons Treasury and 
Civil Service Select Commit- 
tee for Whitehall changes. 

The changes would have 
included the introduction of 
policy units for the secretaries 
Of state of government depart- 
ments, more outside advisers 
and the separation of the roles 
of the Cabinet Secretary and 
head of the Home Civil Ser- 
vice. currently held by Sir 
Robert Ann strong. 

The conference, oiganized 
by the institute, will be at- 
tended by politicans. Civil 
Servants, academics and 


journalists. The first similar 
conference on “ reskilling 


government", held fast May, 
i for the 


expressed clear support 
introduction of a French 
"Cabinet" system to fit British 
needs, at an estimated cost of 
£ 7.7 million. 

Ministers would have an 
enhanced private office or 
executive office with appoin- 
tees to help ministers with 
their constituency and party 
work, experts to advise on key 
departmental issues which 
would be drawn from Civil 
Service ‘lugh-flyers” and ca- 
pable outsiders, and analysts 
capable of policy research. 

The Treasury committee 
made a similar proposal ear- 
lier this year, suggesting that 
the new offices should be 
termed ministers' policyunits. 

The Labour, Social Demo- 
crat and Liberal parties have 
all since backed the proposal, 
but the Government resisted 
the committee's proposal that 
there should be an experiment 
in some departments. 

Sir John accepts that the 
concept of a Cabinet system 
has now taken root m the 
three opposition political par- 
ties and that any change of 
government would be likely to 
be followed by the early 
introduction of this form of 
strengthened policy support 
for ministers. 

Sir John says that this does 
not did mean that the new 
consensus was necessarily 
right, but he adds: “To refuse 
even to consider the possibil- 


ity that die government mar- 


line might, after 50 years, 
need an overhaul seems to us 
to be irresponsible." 



ovw a puticsIaKty difficult 
Trievnor). 


Head is champion puzzler 


By 


Mr Michael Ware ham, a 
preparatory school head- 
master from St Andrews in 
Fife, yesterday defeated 21 
other finalists and the most 
deritish snares of the com- 
pOers to wm the CoQxnsfTima 
National Crossword 
Championship. 

Mr Wareham, aged 45, 
succeeded at his third attempt, 
after winning the 
competition's Glasgow re- 
gional final for the past three 
years. His average time for 
solving each of the four puz- 
zles in yesterd a y^ national 
final at the Park Lane Hotel 
was just under 10 minutes. 


It bad beat, Mr Wareham 
confessed , n dose-run thing, 
and be had been forced to 
guess the a n sw e rs to two 
particnlarly impenetrable 
dues: “Endyntioa not wri t ten 
in Latin bet snng in Scotland" 
and “Lace — half a guinea te 
clear”. Fortunately, he 
guessed correctly with the 
answers “Bluebell” and 
“g mp™*’’- 

Mir _ William MacLeod, 

manag in g fjjjy Of fulling 

Dictionaries, which sponsors 
the championship, presented 
Mr Wareham with his prize of 
a crystal bowl and £500 of 
Harrods vouchers. 


One reason for Mr 

Wareham's win, which he 

readily conceded, was the 
absence from the finalists of 
Dr John Sykes, who has won 
the title outright eight times. 

An eaiiy fa vo m i te to win 
was Mr David Armhage, a 
Cambridge En glish graduate, 
who at 21 was among the 
youngest entrants to reach the 
final in the 16 years of the 
championship. Mr Armitege 
completed his first puzzle in 
four and a half mimrtes, 
equalling the championship 
record, but m his speed he 
sacrificed accuracy and was 
left unplaced. 


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Kinnock 
faces row 
on nuclear 
energy 


By Our Chief Pofitiati 
Correspondent 


An attempt kd by Mr 
Arthur Scargill, thfr miners’ 
president, to commit the La- 
bour Party to a compfei * 
anti-nuclear, energy policy is 
expected to fail at the pa __ 
conference in Blackpool this 


month. 

But Mr Neil Kinnock, the 
Labour leader, will be unable 
to avoid being caught in the 
middle of a damaging dispute 
on the issue. 

Some shadow cabinet col- 
leagues and unions are opr 
po»d to phasing oat nuclear 
power, as proposed in his 
carefully constructed National 
Executive Committee com- 
promise, while leftwingers 
want a much foster process of 
disengagement. 

The co nfere n ce agenda pob- 
Hshed yesterday contains up 
to 180 resolutions on energy, 
by fir the highest on any 


subject, and a majority call fix 
“nuclear s 


the ending of nuclear power: 

Some sue critical of Mr Jade 
Cunningham, the party's 
environment: .spokesman 
whose constituency contains 
the Sdlafidd reprocess' 
plant and whose defence 
nuclear power has angered 
activists. . 

But Mr Kinnock will resist' 
the inevitable conference calls 
for the resignation of Mr 

frnitiiwgham, who is 

as one of his most effective 


front-bendi performers. 


ers 


Name(s). 


Address. 


Postcode. 


Sigmtiire fi) 


FOR INVESTMENTS OF £10,000 OR MORE. 


m 


T37 


I 


WOOLWICH 

BOUTOBLE BULDMGSOCETY A 


believe that the 60,000 
mmority which thwarted them 
atlast week’s TUC congress 
can be overturned - at the 
] ahrwr conference in favour 
of motions calling for a total 
bon on nuclear power. 

But tiie Labour leadership 
believes that its own NEC 
compromise, which 
much further than the 
agreement reached last week 
but concedes that the nudear 
run-down will be long-tom, 
will be carried. 

It was said by party sources 
yesterday that while it 
more possible that the 
Scaigi!H»cked motions could 
be passed, they are uniikdy to 
do so with foe necessary two- 
thirds majority under which 
they would become party 
policy. 

The expected backlash over 
the expulsion of Mr Derek 
Hanoi and other- Militant 
supporters has foiled tp 
materialize. Only a few resolu- 
tions have ‘ been ts^jed 
condemnute “witchhunts" 
and most ofth eh rf rom liver- 
pool constituencies. 

• More jobs wip be created at 
the Inland Revenue to stamp 
out tax evasion if a Labour 
government comes to power. 


This pledge was given yes- 
terday in a policy document, 
to be. submitted to tbe con- 
ference, on social security and 
tax approved by Labour’s 
national executive. 

Official denies 
manipulation 

A confidential Labour Party 
report accuses officials of the 
hard-left dominated St Helens 
Labour party of involvement 
in the setting up of bogus 
union branches and tbe 
manipulation of anion 
delegates. 


The report, which win be 
considered try the Appeals 
Committee today, says the 
union, Sogat *82, was the main 
vehicle of this manipulation 
and that the main benefi- 
ciaries were officers of the 
district Labour. Party and tbe 
two constituency parties. 

Yesterday Mr John Don- 
can, chairman of St Helens 
district party, said he bad not 
read the report but denied 
there had been manipulation 
of delegates. 


World Chess Oiampionship 

Kasparov grabs a 
desperate draw 


From RayraowdL 

Got Kasparov tame under of the boarf. He fcBwred 
. nth hv riving up his valuable 


in the 
_ World i 

foindalvaiMfo^p^ scale invasion of whi’trt kings 


m utiml time scramble in the 
final - minutes of the session. 
He remains one game ahead. 

The opening, of the first 
game of the L eningra d part ot 
tbe championship was a 
Gnmfeld defence which dupli- 
cated the variation they .bad 
played in game three In Lon- 
don. At this point, Anatoly 
Karpov produced a novelty, 
thrusting forward teftww 
instead of withdrawing us 
knight as had occurred in that 
earlier encounter. — 

The middle game soon 
developed- into a kind of 
blocked trench warfare, bat 
Karpov's control of the im- 
portant e5 square with his 
knight always- gave him some 
initiative. \ 

With his time Tunning out, 
and faced by dm type of -boa 
constrictor pressure with 
which Karpov has reaped so 
many victories in the past, 
Kasparov, ?the worfd ebam- 
pkm. deariy -took tbe bold 
decision to complicate play, 
and to confuse the- issue as 
much as possible. . . 

Starting with his 23rd 
movei, “Kasparov * flung for- 
ward^ las pawns on both wings 


flank with 
pieces. 


the Mack major 


Grandmasters will explain 

movesln the Leningrad games 

at The Times commentary 
room at llje Great Eastern 
Hotel in Liverpool Street 
London, each afternoon and 
evening until. 9pm. 

Ray continues today. 


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Mass Unionist 




JyBkhsidFonl 

resignation of adjourning meetings is dis- 


The . _ . . 

Unionists from Nor ther n Ire- 
land’s district councils is being 
proposed by "loyalists” as part 
of their protests leading to the 
first anniversary of the signing 
of the Anglo Irish agreement. 

But though this is the 
preferred option of a joint 
Umonist.workm^. party .there 
is uncertainty m both the. 
Official and Democratic 
Unionist parties about tbe 
willingness of all councillors 
to back such 'a tactic. . 

Mr James Mofyneanx, lead- 
er of the Official Unionists, 
mid tbe Rev Ian Paisley, of the 
Democratic Unionists, have , 
the task of persuading up to 
400 members of 26 district 
councils . to letigr before 
November 15. 

• Tbeldea of a nfoss resigna- 
tion -comes asriear signs 
emerge' that 'fof ^ r fafli8y of 


integrating; with local coun- 
cillors ..unhappy that then- 
protest is affecting tbe 
community , rather than .the 
British Government. • 

Limited business has been 
conducted- in a number of 
councils, including Belfast and 
Castiercagh, the power base of 
Mr Peter Robinson, deputy 
leader of the DUP. 

Leading figures in the OUP 
are privately.dcfi^tted at the 
embairassntem caused 'tb Mr 
Paisley and tbe DUP by tbe 
conduct atCastiCTeagh, where 
Mr Robinson is mayor. 

! The optionrof resigning win 
be- difficult toenforce as many 
counriHor^' in ti» forefront of 
the Unionist protest since lasl 
November, Wil} ask whether 
forir 14 MFsi at Westminster 
will -also resign And -forfeit 
thetr salaries: : * 


— r- 


Air Show 



£l,000m 


•Orders and agreements an- 
nounced at tbe ffarnborough 
Air Show amount to a record 
£1,000 million. 

The figure wifl be exceeded 
when values are placed on the 
orders on which companies, 
for com me rcial reasons, have 
not disclosed details. 

Sir John Curtiss, director of 
the Society of British Aero- 
space Companies, said: “This 
has been onr most successful 
Farnborough yet” 

He said that many exhibitors 
had already booked space at 
the 4988 show, scheduled for 
September4 to 1 1. Among the 
orders agreed this year were a 
£300 mution order from tbe 
GPA group (Irish Manq 
mem Group) for CFM-56-: 
engines for 30 Boring 737s, 
from CFM International; and 
£69 million order from 
ALIA (Royal Jordanian Air- 
lines) for V2500 engines for 
six A320s, from Rolls 
Royce/IAE. 


Add rain 


Studies fuel alarm at 
impact on enyironment 


Alarm ikoW the- faipact af 
add raia on watercourses and 
wildlife is increasing in 
Britain. 

Many research programmes 
e sdB tnconiplrtr, bwt 
evidence has been 


changed fat the spring when 
Mr William. Wildegravc. 
Minister of State at tbe 
D epart ment of die Environ- 


ment, In charge of presenting 
“ g reen " potiaes, .admitted it 


to make it impossible to 
rale out add rain as a culprit. 

The hardest put of the job 
is to Separate add rain from 
Other damag in g hfluett . 
Tree scientists think thatsome 
beech trees have jet to recover 
from die exceptional 
of 1976. It may be 
conifer-planting, and not fast 
ram, that has increased add 
lords In some Scottish fishing 
rivers. 

Tbe rivers are bring exam- 
ined by one flf the committees 
of experts sri op by ministers 
to look at the effects of add 
rain on wildlife, land, water- 
ways, and historic stone and 
gfasswnrk. 

There is concern in Cm*- 
wall as well, where the county 
trust for nature cons e rvation 
bdfeves tint something 2s 
eiKOoragmg add-loving plants 
such as bracken- to spread, 
while populations of arid- 
hating fimestone plants such 
as the Hne-flowered scabious 
and antnum gentian are in 

Add ram fe framed when 
sriphnr emissions from power 
are dissolved. The 
tenor «Hbe argument about it 


poBatioa 


was m 

fir some of tbe 
in Norway. - 
However, several factors 

gomnte tbe emisriu flf arid 
make ft hard to decide which 
caase is respensMe for which 



Mndi British coat 
tains for more sripbar Qua 
many imported teppfies. 

Forests; Bfoaketpfoiitng of 
conifers tends to increase fae 
add content of sbfis nd of the 
run-off from inch, ssfis into 


Soft structure Nat ura l add- 

content canvaryenonndhsly. 
It depends on -whether the 
surface soB is acidic, and 
whether It lies on a poroop. 
layer or on a layer of non- 
lnnestan e -rode that prewmits 
the acmnudated. add . rain 
from bring neutralized below 
gremd. . 

- Weather The sickly 
appearance of some trees is 
bfamed by some -observers <m 
add rain and by ethers oa a 
sapposed snocesskm of m- 
nsaally.. harsh, growing 



reaction 
‘too slow’ 

By Hugh Clayton 
EnvinminentCorrespcmdait 

A survey ot emeracncy 
planning staff in foe-wake di 
tbe Cbemobyl disaster has 
revealed ' considerable 
reservations" , about Britain's 
ability .to get infocmalwm to 
the. public, quickly and effec- 
tively in the event - of a 
peacetimcnudcar incident 


A report by the Association 
of COonty Councils on British 
handling of the effects of fall- 
out from Chernobyl says some 
local authority . 'emergency 
staff expressed disquiet about 
foe nation's ability fo "dis- 
seminate information and co- 
ordinate action" after such an 
Incident. 


Tbe report, drawn up by 
jfficers of the s" — ‘ 


officers ot the ail-party associ- 
ation and based on a survey of 
member councils in foigland 
and Wales, says the Mmislxy 
of Agriculture was "slow ana 
in-preparedT in sending out 
information on -the monitor- 
of radiation levels in food 
tbe Chernobyl disaster. 


Lord Kin g is 
‘ruled out’ 
forBBCpost 


Lord. King, chairman of 
British Airways, appears to 
have been -ruled out as tbe 
next chairman of foe BBC by 
Mr Douglas Hurd, foe Home 
Secretary. . 

Lead King was rumoured to 

be a potential future chair- 
man, but his appointment 
wouJd.be. highly, unpopular 
with the BBC esfabUshment 
because of - his lack ■ of 


broadcasting experience. 

The appointment of a chair- 
man so succeed Mr Stuart 
Young will be made by Mrs 
Maigaret Thatcher * 

Leading . candidates are 
Lioid Windlesham, a. former 
leaderbf the .House ^>f Lords 
and-.Lotd Barnett, the present 
deputy. . ; 


Wapping talks 


' Talks on the Wapping dis- 
pute. were; held :in . London 
yesterday between . repre- 
sentatives of News Imer- 
natioiiri and ■ of the prim 
onions involved. The negotia- 
tions were adjourned after 
sevriaT Boars arid .win fesume 

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THETIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


HOME NEWS 


■3 



The lives of -httiwirwJs or 
wwies a year cpaW .be saved 
°y a scientific breakthrough 
on so-called “cot deaths” that 
ctaitn. 1,500' victims a -^ear. 

■ However,, doctors arc wor- 
ned thatia fade of spedafist 
Way • prevent, the 1 new 
^owtedge; being, used to the 

mil: • 

.Vulnerability to "cot 
death", whith researchere at. 
Sheffield Children's Hospital 
haws found to be caused in up 
10' IQ per tent of eaffis hy an 
inherited' enzyme deject, >can 
be deiccted only by opeoave 

Igj&CR- 

apart finom-SfeSlield, that .can 
do the work, doctors say, ■ •' 

. The fears about implement- 
ing .the. discovery coincide 
with a national pr o gram me to 
establish the relationship be- 
tweenthedeadis of premature 
babiesandan apparent short- 
faU-tn specialist .care' facilities. 

- Health ' authorities- have 
been. 'told tp collect informa- 
tion ori the fate of iaU very 
small . premature- babies who 
arc turned away, -from such 
units. * x • • ' 

The : study is- being - co- 
ordinated -by Dr Neil 
McTniosh, a consultant 
paediatrician- based at St 
George’shospital, London. 
_A> study based on -two 
Thames regions in 1984 found 
thatof 14 babies who did not 
get places in - special units, 
eight died. Dr McIntosh said 
that Ihedeafh tele seemed 
exceptionally high. 4£ Only 10 
per cent orpur -referrals die 
feHpwmgtreto 

"Dr McIntosh is one of , 14 
child spetiaftas whowillbe 
Analysing the findings at :rt>- 
gkraal level, .before theyare 
sent to the national perinatal 
epidetniologyomt at die John 


ByJIftShennaa 

Radcliffe Hospital, Qxfcfcd, 
forfiirfherflnaiyiis. " ; 

He agreed with remarks 
made fast week by -Dr Peter 
Fleming, a consultant 
paediatrician at the Hospital 
for Sick Children in Bristol, 
that saving chfldren’s.liyes 
was hot seen: as. a priority. 
“Administrators and hospital 
consultants m other specuil- 
ties ■ think we ' are wasting 
tmmey and wasting time." 

Dr John Roylance, district 


esion Health Authority re- 
jected Dr Flemiiig’s claim that 
manager s were -t^mg him not 
to treat premature babies. .. 

: "'There is ho way that any 
administrator anywhere in the 
heahfa. service would grvethat 
mriefinstrucrionandlfindit 
quite unbelievable,” he said. 

Dr- Rpylance also denied 
that any babies turned away 
from the hospital had died. . 

- He claimed that: the two 
Bristol ■ specialist units pro- 
vided adequate neonatal care 
far the .catchment .areal lit 
addition, 13 per dent of the 
halves - treated, came from 
outside that area. . . 

Meanwhile,' one of the bio- 
chemists cm lhe “cot deaths” 
research team at Sheffield has 
said that. .there is now an 
urgent peed -for. centres 
specializing in .neorfatal 
screening inaH the.' 14 regional 
health authorities so that they 
can. do'.'’ their own 
investigations, v 

Tests for the enzyme defect 
they had discovered cost more 
than £230- each,' and were 
tintetonsuming, -as it lode 
more -than a month -far the 
cells to grewand a further two 
days to.'analyse' the results, 
licy could- be • done prt- 
-nataOy, t»y. testing a sample of 
fluid - from - the- mother’s 
womb, or ppa-sataHy, by 


an^mg.t^'lissiiefrbtn the 
child.- . 

Dr. Mike Bennett^ a bio- 
chemist on the team, said that 
at the moment only Bir- 
mingham, London and Baris- 
- tol, as wefl as SheSkM,were 
capable of doing the testsThe 
reason was, in the m^in, lack 
of trained staff ■ ■ ■ 

He . added that there were 
only a dozen clinical bio- 
cbemi$ts in the country who 
would have the appropriate 
experience in tissue culture to 
analyse the cells. 

At' the moment Sheffield is 
being inundated -with samples 
sent from other parts of die 
country to he screened, but is 
unable to do more than 50 
each year. *' 

. The researchers discovered 
that the enzyme defect is 
present in . many of the “col 
death” victims. It prevents 
them fifom breaking down 
fatty acids and can lead.to an 
energy shortage. 

The researchers suspect that 
the deficiency is responsible 
for between 5 and 10 per cent 
of a9 cot deaths, and is present 
in one in every 10,000 babies: 

Children are. particularly 
vulnerable to it when ihey 
have picked up minor infec- 
tions or are very tired. If the 
brain is not supplied With 
enough enerey h may sud- 
denly stop functioning. The 
treatment is a simple carbo- 
hydrate diet, winch, in most 
cases, can be given by the 
parents at home. 

Dr Alec HowaL senior reg- 
istrar in pathology at the 
hosmtal and one of the team 
of r esearchers, said that until 
now doctors had used the term 
“cotdeath” to disguise the fact 
that the cause of death was 
unknown. 


Brent racism inquiry 


NUT seeks court hearing 


The National. ; Union , of 
Teachers, is becking a, High 
Court injunction today to stop 
a disciplinary ' bearing' against 
a north London head teacher 
acciised'of racism. ; . 

MissManreen hh^Tbldridc, 

[ 39, head of the 375-pupil 

jury Infinity rSchool .in 

BreqL !gjp 

allegedly teffing a jranor ot ■ 
ftaalin thfi Lhbwb^^futroBed - 
education authority that' she 
did not want any .mope col- 
oured teachers on her staff ; 

She duns, that all . she 
wanted to do was . complain 
about Brent's inefficiency in 
supplying her with ; new 
teacheii ■ V ; 

Parents, teachers and gov- 
ernors are incensedabout her 
suspension. About 300 par- 
ents delivered an angry pe- 
tition to Brferit council fast 
week and l5oftbe 18 teachers 
are on Strike. 


; By David Cross 

Bid so far die council has 
refiised to abandon a. disci- 
plinary bearing due lb take 
place next Friday. Mr Dorman 
Long/ personnel committee 
chairman, yesterday uiged the 
union to -reconsider .its 'court 
action m the interests of the 
chfldrenand tbc headteacher. 

- -“-‘Ne us^d purpese can be 
seryed jby sudr action," be 
saidk u liw:only voqt forward is 
for. affair and just hearing to 
take place at the earliest 
possible dateT* . ■ 

Brent council would not 
walk away from issues of this 
kind; be added. It was only by 
sticking to established proce- 
dures and by. ensuring a fair 
and full hearing that the 
confidence, of the local 
community could be upbdd. 

Brent has a targe immigrant 
community and 85 per cent of 
pupils . at Sudbury -Infants 


School art non-white as are six 
of the teachers. 

Mr Long also criticized the 
NUT for making Miss 
M cGoldrick’s case public. 
Giving: the matter maximum 
publicity was in no-one’s in- 
terest, he maintained. ' 

: The school governors are 
trying -other routes to force 
Brent to lift the suspension 
order. At aweekend meeth 
ffiey dedded to ask. both I 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of| 
-State for E ducation and Sci- 
ence. and Mr Neil Kinnodc, 
leader of the Labour Party, to 
intervene. 

Mr Baker is being asked to 
use his power,- under section 
68 of the 1944 Act, to step in 
when a local authority is 
behaving unreasonably, and 
Mr Kinnock is to be ap- 
proached because his wife, 
Glenys, teaches in the 
borough. 


Prince on 
anti-drug 


"Prince Edward wfcslnvolvetl 
in the fight agamst jlrw|- 
smngglers'isa a CentralAmeo- 
can jungle during a gruelling 
fetaight with a Royal Mar 
rides commando anil, R-was 
disclosed yestwday. 

Men from 40 ComnuWo 
spent six' months hi. 
where they .became immfrei in 
the ■' long-running battle 
against dram traffickers along 
the country^ borders. . 

The prince also exp erience d 
jungle warfa re and survival 
training in iur. unofficial Tisit to 
the- British cokmy in January. 

A senior officer said: The 
main problem there is narcotic 
smuggling on foe border. "We 
gave back-up with heavy bor-r 
der pafrols.The. mafa aapw 
sis was on survival, how tn^ve 
fa the jangfe-and make shel- 
ters and so ob," . . 

Another officer added: The 
prince proved he was a very ft 
young muL He has the right 
.attitude of having a go at 
anything and everything. ; . 

Prince Edward, Wh o has 
Spent various btllday pen^as 
from Cambridge University 
with the Marines, begjas 
training! today fa -become i 
folRii^ infantryman at , the 
Marine camp at Lympstene, 
Devon. 


Campaign for tighter 
sex education controls 


Sex education in some 
schools is controlled by pres- 
sure' groups, which promote 
promiscuity, -claims, .the 
Conservative "Family ’Cam- 
paign; an organization spoor 
stipedby several Gmservative 
MPs. 

An articteiu die campaign's 
latest newsletter says there are 
iiKfanc^sbf^teacbers Irving in 
irregular relationships (being) 
allowed to use- sex education 
classes as . a -means of pros- 
elytizing to children for their 
owh.lifeiylesJ’ ; 

The article says: There has 
been widespread concern 
among parents for a number 
of years about the nature and 
content of sex education pro- 


unes in some sdiools. 
sere are now too many areas 
in which this has been allowed 
to fall into 'the hands of 
pressure groups with a vested 
interest in breairing down the 
structure of the family by 
promoting promiscuity . 

The group is supporting 
amendments to the sex educa- 
tion clause of the Education 
Bill which emphasize the im- 
portance of a normal family 
life and allow, parents the right 
to withdraw their children 
from sot education classes. 

The campaign said it 
seemed that .the Government 
intended -to apply a three-line 
wjtip against the amendments. 


Threat to teaching of 
traditional handicrafts 

AraA Jacim anH 


Woodwork and metalwork 
could disappear from school 
syllabuses after a decision that 
such craft subjects are “highly 
lilcdy”! to. be excluded from 
the new GCSEiexaminations. 

The move, reflects a view 

among;./ the. Governments - jndusliy ^t . the tra- 

s ^° o! ditional skill-based courses 

clriltc qpp -itanm nrfmniut in Ihe rela j netL Rolfa-RoyCe MotOTS 


craft, design and tedmdlo^y at 
the Department of Education, 
says woodwork and metal- 
work have only an “outside 
chance" of being approved as 
courses for the GCSE Craft, 
Design and Technology 
examination. Some sections 


skills are-thore relevant to the 
modern economy than, tra- 
dititmal crafts. . 

A letter 'sent to. focal 
authorities '. by. Mr .G 
Hicks, Chief, inspector 


is- particularly concerned that 
a successor course to the O 
level in engineering workshop 
theory and' practice is 
developed. 



Ah war Begum and her adopted sou Khunun who faces deportation fa Pakistan, before to a secret address last night. 

Boy facing deportation in hiding 


A boy aged two and bis 
adoptive parents were fa hid- 
ing in tiie Bradford area last 
Bight after disobeying an order 
that be should be deported to 
his native Pakistan. 

Khurafa Azad should have 
been on an aircraft yesterday 
travelling bade to Pakistan, 
after a late attempt to keep 
him fa Britain had been 
rejected by the Home Office. 
Instead he was believed to be 


at a secret address. The boy 
was bora fa Pakistan but 
almost immediately after his 
birth he was given for adoption 
to Mr Abdul Khaliq, aged 42, 
and his wife, Anwar Begum, 
aged 32, of Cecil A venae, 
Bradford, by his natural par- 
ents, Mr Khaliq's brother and 
his wife. 

The Khaliqs have been mar- 
ried for 16 years bat have been 
unable to have children. Mr 


Khaliq said yesterday: “I want 
to keep him in this cotmfry. He 
is Bke my own son. He believes 
Rn flfand is his home. I fare 
him and there wQl be no point 
fa doing anything, working or 
whatever, if he is not with ns." 

Mr Max Madden, the La- 
boar MP fin: Bradford West, 
failed fa an attempt to per- 
suade the European Court of 

H itman Rights that die 
deportation decision should be 


reversed. He then asked Mr 
David Waddfagton, the Home 
Office minister, for permission 
for the chil d to remain in 
Britain for five mouths so that 
adoption proceedings could be 
completed at Bradford. 

That move also hiirf. Mr 
Madden said: “It is a victory 
for inhumanity and bureau- 
cracy and I do not believe h is 
a victory the Home Office 
would want" 


Stereo TV 
advance 
by British 

A British-developed system 
of television broadcasting with 
stereo sound is about to be 
given government approvaL 
It could be the most im- 
portant techttkal improvement 
to television since the in- 
troduction of cotom-. 

Broadcasters hope approval 
will come in time to 
stfaukteexports when the 
system is demonstrated at the 
International Broadcasting 
Convention fa Brig h ton this 
month. 

The system, developed by 
BBC engineers with the In- 
dependent Broadcasting 
Authority, nses a digital sfanal 
processing technique similar 
to that fa compact audio disc 
players. As it is digital, somd 
is reproduced as recorded, 
with no loss of quality. 

ft will take about two years 
from government approval for 
the first stereo television sets 
to reach the shops. They will 
probably cost about £100 more 
than existing models. 

Stereo 

experimented at 
transmitter at Crystal Palace. 
But only a handful of proto- 
type test receivers have been 
made. 

Germany, Japan and the 
United States all have stereo 
television broadcasts, bat are 
in analogue trans- 
system. 

Technical experts regard 
toe Japanese and German 
systems as technically de- 
ficient and the American sys- 
tem as superior, bat still far 
from toe quality of the British 
developm e nt, which has been' 
described by experts as the 
best in the world. 


Handsworth riots 


Revels mark anniversary 


By Craig Seton 

Thousands of people took 
to the streets of Handsworth, 
Birmingham, yesterday for an 
annual carnival that also 
marked the first anniversary 
of the riots which left two dead 
and dozens of shops looted 
and fire-bombed in the inner 
city area. 

Fewer than 100 police offi- 
cers patrolled the streets yes- 
terday, but another 110 
officers with immediate access 
to riot equipnmnt and, if 
necessary, plastic bullets were 
on standby, but well out of. 
sight of the revellers enjoying 
the West Indian-style pro- 
cession and steel bamls. 

Since last year's riots Kttle 
appears to have changed and . 
few of the scars have healed. 
According to one community 
leader, none of the ingredients 
which sparked the nots, un- 
employment, deprivation, ra- 
cial tension and poor relations 
with the police, have been 
tackled, in spite of the concern 
expressed by the Prince of 
Wales when he visited 
Handsworth this summer. 


Little rebuilding has been 
carried out, street muggings 
and open drug lairing continue 
and friction remains between 
the police and local black 
youths. Shops that were looted 
and wrecked still have not 
been replaced. 

Only £400,000 of about 
£8 million compensation 
sought by local traders has 
been paid by the West Mid- 
lands Police Authority, which 
Names lade of information 
and exaggerated claims for the 
delay. 

Birmingham City Council is 
still preparing an action Nan 
to tackle the deprivation of 
Handsworth, including a pro- 
,po5al to ensure ■ that un- 
employed local youlhs-get at 
least 20 per edit of the jobs 
that redevelopment will bring. 

Mr Eric Faux, chairman of 
the Soho Residents Associ- 
ation, said: “People arc still 
apprehensive, and old people 
particularly arc frightened to 
go out on the streets. 
Muggings and assaults against 
the person are as prevalent as 
ever and so is drug abuse." 


Supt David Love, Who is in 
charge of Handsworth police, 
said: “You have to be sen- 
sitive to the fact that it is the 
anniversary. The volatility is 
still there, but it is quite placid 
at the moment. 

“Our relationship with the 
public isgood, but we do have 
this difficulty with a small 
minority committing rob- 
beries and dealing in drugs. 
We do not condone those who 
use drags, but our priority is to 
target the dealers." 

Mr Trevor Rogers, of the 
West Midland Police Author- 
ity, said that it was now hoped 
to have all 500 claims for 
compensation completed by 
spring. 

He said: “We are not getting 
all the information we need 
from the claimants. If people 
get their claims sorted out, we 
will pay as quickly as we can." 

Traders whose property was 
destroyed or stolen in the riots 
have said that the area could 
become a “ghost town” if 
rebuilding does not start soon. 


Billions in 
mortgage 
cash spent 
on cars 

By Christopher Wurman 
Property Correspondent 

Almost a fifth of the money 
provided in mortgage loans 
last year, about £6,000 mil- 
lion, was used for purposes 
other than buying a home, a 
firm of London stockbrokers 
claims in a report published 
today. r 

The total loaned in 1985 
was around £31,000 million, of 
which building societies lent 
about £26,500 million and the 
remainder came from ba n ks 
and elsewhere. 

The potential loss to the 
Inland Revenue, assuming tax 
relief at the minimum rate, is 
estimated at more than £1,740 
million. 

Quitter Goodison makes 
the estimate in a report for 
77ip Mortgage Business, a new 
business and management 
magazine from EMAP Busi- 
ness and Computer 
Publications. 

The report says that the top- 
up mortgage is the cheapest 
way of raising cash for a new 
car or exotic holiday, and that 
it is the building societies 
which are unwittingly acting 
as middlemen. 

“It is the easiest thing in the 
world to get say £10,000 
through the top-up loophole," 
Mr Bryan Hubbard, editor of 
the magazine, said. 

“The resources of the build-, 
ing societies are overstretched 
and, quite frankly, they do not 
have the time to check the real 
reason. 

Any street-wise borrower 
can claim a legitimate reason 
for the loan, and go out and 
buy a new Granada with tax 
relief," he added. 

The Inland Revenue is 
aware of the problem, but said 
there was little that could be 
done there was no policing of 
the top-up sector. 

These are the last few 
months, however, when the 
borrower can take advantage 
of this tax “perk", the maga- 
zine says, because from Janu- 
ary 1987 building societies 
mil be allowed, under new 
legislation, to offer unsecured 
loans without tax relief. 


£250,000 to 
save house 

An undisclosed British 
buyer has paid a reported' 
£250,000 to save Melton Con- 
stable Hall in Norfolk, de- 
scribed as the finest empty 
country house in England, 
which requires repairs es- 
timated at £1 million. 

The hall, used as the setting 
for the film The Go Between. 
has not been lived in for 25 
years. The owner, Mr Geof- 
frey Harro Id, a farmer, was 
forced to sell after Norfolk 
County Council served a com- 
pulsory purchase and repairs' 
prefer. 


Stress at work 
affects sex 
life of bosses 

Stress is affecting the sex 
fives of top executives, acoord- 
! — to a survey published 
yJVfore than a quarter of 


«y were too tired to 
make love after a working day. 

Nearly two out of three 
admitted that their sexual 
activity was diminished by a 
heavy workload, wad more 
than a third said they rare too 
tired to go out with friends 
after a day at the office. 

The findings, fa CUrfExee- 
atire magazine, are based on 
answers given by 233 manag- 
ing directors, most fa their 
forties and fifties. 

Nearly two-thirds said work 
pressures made them irritable 
towards their wives; 43 per 
cent were short-tempered with 
and 27 per cent 
with their children.- 


Bath, sin city of the west, is exposed 


oT Geow«o .Bo* 
hfatmy of viceand crime tnai 

makefttbectghteeiitb-cOTtnry 

“sin tity" of West Cmm- 
try, according, to * 
historian. ' ■ 

Dr Graham Davis, a. 
tarer in social history at Bs« 


examming old police rec ords, 
said; . “AD this abont entaare 
and mask is jnrf bt mkn a 
Which (he Victorians **■£ 
aerated to dean up the 

■^^had brothel* all over ti 
Pi**, 

rooms and -horrific, crimes f 
rfoJenoe in. the dtieek 
than anything we get today. , 
Few of the tfc^swds of 


totirists trekking .past the se- 
rene Georgian Mdfags of 
Avon Street in the city centre 
would goess at its seamy past 
. There were brothels all 
down the street; one of them, 
run by a- famous Madame, 
Oliva -rook, , used to get the 
npper-cmt in all the time, I 
suggested tiiat the- city coandl 
put np a fittk Une- plaque to 
omumemofote this, as they 
have done on other horses, but 
they did net seem to Hkethe 
idea" Dr Davis said. 

- Dr Davis, aged 43, discov- 
ered from toe. records- of toe 
city's old police force - 
established before those of 
most . other - .centres— that 
prostitutes were on occas ion 
dumped- in the River Avon by 


fheir . pr otectors or were 
stabbed in toe street 
- “Many of them worked fa 
tandem wttfa the naggers", he 
said. “The girls weald fare the 
victims np side streets and a 
man fa the shadows would 
strike the dieht to the grohhd 
and rob him." 

His study has been printed 
fa a new- '‘history of Bath, 
published by local historical 
trusts. 

Dr Davis added that com- 
moners and gentry travelled 
far to reach toe illicit attrac- 
tions of Bath. 

Today's travellers from dis-v 
taut parts cause other diffi- 
culties for residents* according 
to Mr David Book, a Labour 

councillor. ‘ 


Tourists are sometimes 
treated first and. the people 
who five here take second 
place. We are just like any- 
where dse, although we have a 
wonderful heritage of 

hnfldia p.” 

Bat he added: “I can not 
believe tout there are no 
prestfrutes. ' 

“As a councillor I get to 
hear about people's problems, 
and the garden is certainty not 
all rosy. titere’s violence and 
crime, as well as severe boes- 


Inspector Lawrence 
Davies, of Bath Police, said: “I 
am glad I wasn't- around then; 
nowadays it is much quieter,- 
aud it’s more fike son city than 
sip city. 



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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


Hospital waiting lists: 1 

Many patients forced 
to wait in agony 
for more than a year 






Experts ‘failed to 
interpret Ronan 
Point evidence’ 

SyCbarieaKnevft Arohitectore 
Ronan Point, the 22-siorey to circulate their 
tower block which partly cot-, other parties at the inqw'ri 
lapsed te a gas expksiop in i ? d “ d,, ^ d ^X q^ried 


There are 661,249 people 
wafting for hospital treatment 
Many luve been waiting for 
more than a year, sometimes 
in agony. 

Almost 40,000 people have 
been on orthopaedic 
consultants' books for non- 
urgent operations for more 
than a year, and neatly 10,000 
people have been waiting for 
urgent orthopaedic opera- 
tions, including hip replace- 
ments, for more than a month. 

Statistics show that some 
parts of the country are much 
worse off than others, often for 
no apparent reason. A person 
waitnig.for a hip operation in 
the Midlands may have to 
wait twice as long as someone 
in Merseyside or North-west 
London. 

' West Midlands Regional 
Health Authority holds the 
longest waiting list for trauma 
ana orthopaedic surgery in the 
country. In September 1985 
about 15,937 people were 
waiting for operations, nearly 
a third for more than a year. 

But in one district in Was- 
te* region, 95 per cent of all 
patients on non-urgent ortho- 
paedic wafting lists had to wait 
for more than a year before 


The reduction of hospital waiting lists is high on the 
political agenda, and ministers have asked health 
authorities to produce plans by October to tackle the 
delays. In the first of two articles, JW Storm** 
describes the extent of the crisis. 


being treated. 
Ministers si 


misters suspect that many 


of the people oh waiting lists 
no longer need treatment, 
either because they have died 
or have moved to a different 
part of the country. 

Last year the NHS manage- 
ment board sent out another 
reminder asking health 
authorities to review their 
waiting lists. Many have still 
not done so. 

Ministers and managers ar- 
gue also that even if waiting 
tunes fell, increased demand 
means that it is rarely reflected 
in falling waiting lists. 

Figures on performance 
show that length of stay and 
the number of operations 
performed per department 
vary from district to district 
The type of operation can also 
differ enormously. One 
ophthalmology deportment 
may spend most of its time 
carrying out cataract opera- 
tions on elderly patients, while 
another department wul do 
mostly major surgery- 

Mr John Yates, an aca- 
demic who works for the 


Health Services Man ag em ent 
Centre m Birmingham, fecit 
that bad management is partly 
to blame. He says that lists 
could be reduced significantly 
by making sure that beds ana 
operating theatre sessions are 
used more efficiently. ' 

He proposes that the bonus 
payments due to general man- 
agers could be withheld if 
managers foil to bring down 
their waiting lists, pointing out 
that the Government should 
now be directing its attention 
at the 30 districts responsible 
for a third of ibe country's 
waiting lists. . 

He admits that some dis- 
tricts need more resources . 

In addition, some doctors 
used waiting. lists to boost 
their private practice, “ft 
would be interesting to see 
how many operations some 
consultants performed in the 
NHS, compared to the num- 
ber they carried out 
privately", Mr Yates said. 
Toaonwr sot a tfo os far the 

NHS-mid the private sectsr 


lapsed in a gas captation m 
1968 , kilting five, people, 
would have been demolished 
at foe time, rather than re- 
paired, if government experts 
bad realized the implications 
of their investigation, Mr Sam 
Webb, an architect, claimed 
yesterday. 

Evidence of bad workman- 
ship, which came to tight last 
week during the “sc ie ntific” 
demolition of the Mode, was 
Imown at the time of the 
public -inquhy into the 
disaster, be said. 

Dr S. C C Bate, principal 
scientific officer of the then 
Building Research Station, 
gave written and verbal ev- 
idence to the tribunal which 
referred to workmanship in 
the H3, H4 and critical H2 
load-bearing flank wall joints. 

But further evidence relat- 


Dr Thomas said to ft* 
written evidence: “Even tfgs 
were forbidden, I should fed 

less safe living in a budding of 

the Ronan Point type of 
construction than I would be 
in a ouflding of most other 
systems of construction. 

Mr Creasey raid in ha 
written evidence: “I would uot 
now feel safe in living w the 
end and comer rooms of such 
a building even if gas were 
prohibited." 

Mr Webb said: “The ev- 
idence of bad workmanship 

was discovered in 1968, so 
why was its significance not 
realized and why was it not 
made public. The evidence 
showed that the dead-weight 


High wo rth iPoiM, a 21-storey 
tower Mock M Trowbridge 
Estate fat Hackney, cast Lon- 
don, befog dwnoHtbed yes- 
terday after explosive charges' 
on each of the floors were 
deto n ated by e l erlrical dr* 


Bcndets . whose low-rise 
homes foce demolitiea forced 
pfon w nt to delay the detona- 
tion for 75 ntinotes by occupy 


fog three hungslrm next to 
the tower Meek. 

The ; 12 members of the 80- 
nwmber TrewWdge -Estate 
Low Rise Dwriftm Rcgjdrafi 
sad Tenant*' Association 6- 
naUy left tire danger zone after 
the leader of Labour-con- 
trolled Hackney Connell 
•greed to a meeting to re- 
coastitar plans todeatoflah 116 
bungalows an the estate. 

(Pfodtepapfe Chris Harris). 


Put n rnnre evidence relate f ^ building would even- 

malty kadtorts collapse due 
to overloading." 

Point, given by two other 


government experts, re- 
mained confidential 

Inquiry document 25, by Dr 
Frederick Thomas, deputy 
bead of structural engineering 
at the station, and inquiry, 
document 23, by Mr Leu 
Creasey, chief architect of the 
then Ministry of Public Build- 
uig and Wonts, were submit- 
ted to the treasury solicitor 
and members of the tribunal. 

But* decision was taken not 


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The dead weight of a build- 
ing is the weight of its 
construction, excluding peo- 
ple, furniture and fittings 

Mr Webb said that, the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment had recognized this fac- 
tor when, m 1984, it 
recommended to the London 
Borough of Newham that the 
top eight floors of Ronan 
Point should be removed to 
make it safe. 

’ Mr Nigel Spearing, Labour 
MP for Newham South, 
whose constituency includes 
Ronan Point, will be 
detiveringa letter today to Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, 
asking what major defects 
were discovered during the 
course of the public inquiry 
investigation, and what the 
implications are for all sys- 
tem-build tower Mocks in the 

country. 

Demolition contractors will 
this week be dismantling fiat 
90 on the eighteenth floor of 
Ronan Point, which was re* 
buflt afier the ffiaster. It was 
here that the gas explosion 
occurred when: Miss Ivy 
Hodge, who survived the 
blast, started to make ber$df 
an early morning cup of tea by 
lighting the gas cooker. 


Children 
in care 
‘denied a 
home link 9 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

Sixty children in public care 
on average have no contact 
with any member of their 
j£nily, the Family Rights 
Group says. There are about 
7,000 in children's homes or 
with foster parents in England 
and Wales. 

A book published today by 
the group, an independent 
charity, describes the break- 
down as “tragic”. 

It discloses that many local 
authorities have foiled to com- 
ply with the Governments 
code of practice insetting up a 
proper internal appeals proce- 
dure for parents and other 
relatives unhappy with 
arrangements for access. 

Mrs Jo Tunnard, the 
group's director* says the 
defaulting authorities do not 
acknowledge the importance 
of maintaining links. 

A law introduced in 1984 
gave parents the right to 
challenge social workers* de- 
cisions to stop them seeing 
their children. The group 
adds: “Sadly, other relatives, 
and tire children themselves, 
are still denied this rigbL”. ^ 

The book gives detailed 
examples of difficulties that 
families face. 

One girt aged ! U was living 
in a children's home in the 
countryside and was allowed 
to spend every weekend at her 

mother's home. One Sunday 
she got back six hours late 
because of heavy snow. 

Two weeks later her normal 
visit was stopped. The social 
worker said that was because 
of her previous late retura- 

An other mother bad to 
visits to her daughter, 
re, 100 miks away by 
using a telephone box to Uy to 
contact a social worker, then 
pay for public transport out of 
supplementary benefit and 
wait for repayment 

The book suggests that, 
given goodwill, social workers 
can do much to promote and 
maintain links between chil- 
dren in care, their parents and 
ibe rest bf the fomily. 
Promoting Links: Keeping Chil- 
dren and Families in Touch 
(Family Rights Group. 6 Manor 
Gardens. London N7 6LA; £4). 


ADVERTISEMENT 


NATIONAL FRONT 
FOR THE SALVATION OF LIBYA 

UBYA AFTER 
GADDAFI 
- Conciliation and 
Democracy instead of 
Terrorism and Tyranny 

When the National Front for the. Salvation of 
Libya was launched, in October 1981, it set out to 
mofciliw, “encourage and write all Libyan forces 
to expose further the destructive reality of 
Gaddafi's rale”. 

With the Gaddafi’s terrorist identity fully exposed, 
and his regime standing today friendless, isolated, 
internationally discredited, bankrupt and all* but 
totally defunct, that objective can he add to have 
been virtually achieved. 

The Front undertook to organise a comprehensive 
programme of struggle with the aim of overthrow- 
ing the Gaddafi regime. It embarked on plans to 
gather resources, activate groups, seek support to 
from various quarters and initiate activities in all 
directions. In this way, the Front has been aMe to 
inspire Libyans of all persuasions, and motivate 
then to join the national struggle and bnfid a 
national democratic movement that Iras attracted 
workers and supporters from all sections of Libyan 


In addition to exposing his fraud and humbug, the 
Front has posed a tangible threat to Gaddafi. 
Daring operations, such as the may. 1984 attack by 
the Front’s military units, the Salvation Corps, on 
Gadam’s headquarters at Bab al-Azizya, and the 
widely influential daily radio transmissions, have 
undermined the very foundations of Gadaffi’s 
te^xnc . And together with the Front’s intensive 
and successful contacts with many countries and 
I inlwnational bodies, these activities have brought 
about t he tw ists and turns that have become a 
marked feature of Gaddafi’s policies, as well as his 
behaviour. 

And hence, the front's other objective of offering a 
democratic alternative to GadafiTs terrorist re- 
■P*. and gaining worldwide support for the 
Libyan national struggle^ cam also be said to have 
been rirtuaUyaccorapfished. 

However, one other binding comnritment of the 
■Frost--' to give our people the opp o rt uni ty to 
determine their own firtnre, and establish arepre- 


in Libya - has not yet been realised. 

This commitment still starids today. But, while the 
task ahead remains formidable, Els Excellency 
Dr. Mohamad Yosef akMagariaf the secretary 
general, Ms coBeagnes and members of the 
National Front for the Salvation of Libya, are - 
now more than ever-confident of eventual trramph. 

Time, most certainly, is on onr people's side. 
National Front 
for the Salvation of Libya 

AL-INQAD, 323 S. Fculdh Box A-246 
- Chicago m ILL. 66606-7893, USJi. 











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is rejected 


?; The Government has re- 
jected a call by solicitors and 
accountants for an inquiry 
into limiting the .damages 
'courts can impose . for pro- 
fessional negligence. 

-; .The decision comes at. a 
time when the professions are 
; facing rises in claims for 
’negligence and, a$ a ‘result, 
4rasuc. cuts in the amount of 
professional indemnity insur- 
,adce they can obtain. 

-i B>fi City firms of solicitors, 

. Who are this week in the last 
stages of negotiating their 
indemnity insurance, look like 
petng unable thi^ year to 
^obtain cover for more than 
£40 million, almost half what 
iriooe or two cases they would 
.Jike. 

* At. the same rimp L pr©- 
miiums are twice and even 
> >hree times what they were last 
year. "■ 

V Rejecting the two 
*profe5sioils' request- for m 
inquiry, the Department of 
pTrade and Industry has said it 
^needs to consider the public 
-interest as well as sectional 
.interests of the professions 
Sand that the former far out- 
weighs the latter. 

~ .Officials also take the view 
- that solicitors and accountants 
jare not the only people facing 
■difficulties over increased pre- 
„ jniums: doctors face a 70 per: 
tent rise, in subscriptions to 
.their medical defence unions 
"and architects, surveyors and 
engineers are also facing steep 
'jyises.- 

*■■■ Solicitors firms are obliged 1 
\to carry £500,000 minimum 
^Cover through die Law 
.“Society's master policy 
^scheme. But a proportion of 
-firms, at least the 2'per tent 
with more than 15 partners, 
Grange their own top-up 
rcbver. 

• The amount available for 
City firms handling multi- 
-Ynilh'on pound transactions is 
critical. 

Z . One such firm with several 
-foreign offices, but with no 
.significant claims against it, 
-cites- figures which illustrate 
■’■-'the- general-problem: in 1984- 
* 85 it had £100 million cover 
» worldwide • which cost 
: £404.000. 


For 1985-86 the cover was 
cut to £75 million, for which 
the cost rose to £619,000. For 
next year the maximum cover 
available looks like being £35 
millioo-£40 million at a cost 
of £1.4 million. The firm 
would have' inrwi £75 million 
worth of cover. 

This ceiling causes “acute 
discomfort”, one partner said. 
“It does not affect the work we 
do or how we do h. 

*1 do not think any firm is 
going to turn down a £600 
million transaction because of 
the £40 million limit . We just 
have to hope that if there is a 
monster claim, the diem will 
take the money available nod 
ran.” 

Solicitors are also being bit 
by two new developments. 
Many underwriters are refus- 
ing to provide cover for 
American offices or claims 
brought within -the United 
States, which affects all big 
firms. 

Second, this year they will 
no longer provide cover on an 
“each and every claim” basis 
but only on an “aggregate 
claim” baas. This means that 
if a big claim absorbs all the 
cover, the firm will be allowed 
one further claim but no more. 

To help to solve the prob- 
lem, more than 30 London 
firms have set up their own 
insurance company, SIMLA 
(the Solicitors' Indemnity Mu- 
tual Insurance Association) as 
a way of helping firms obtain 
more cover. 

But the problem is also 
affecting smaller firms: one 
with about 25 partners in 
London is paying more than 
£200,000 for its £20 million 
cover. 

Mr David Blackburn, a 
broker with Thomas R Miller 
& Son, said that a* smallish 
firm with 15 partners which 
paid £45,000 for £15 million 
cover (over die first £500^000) 
last year will now be paying 
£ 120 , 000 . 

. Another broker, Mr Nick 
Carter, managing director of 
Nelson Hurst & Marsh, said 
..tiie difficulties were a result of 
the general contraction in the 
reinsurance market worldwide , 
because of the large claims. 


r S&nce report . 

\ Physicists are close to 
: the elusive ‘top quark’ 

« By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

" Physicists at the European subjects af a special con- 
: Laboratory for Particle Phys- fe™f jg ft* 

"ics (CERN) in Geneva may Partide Physics, held recently 
’ have cangbt a glimpse of the at Stanford University s® 
*■ finy parade called the “top” CafiforuIiL 
: quark, one of the basic bnfld- Five^rfferent F *rk« ba™ 
■* lag blodcs of aU matter in the . beep identified m». the teU-. 
- muverse. tale trails they leave m special 

; • . The new evidence far the electronic dete ctors, ag ate y i; 

* existence of the missing quark or gases ra tostmsman «- 
^ tomes from the repetition of an tnebed to.accete^wr^ 

k experi men t • nMl ^ l> on the Sissce present theory states 
« laboratory’s huge under- that ’ 

; gromid accelerator, which is pairs^ soenttote ^ - wen 
^ housed in a drcniar tunnel searching for the “top quark 
i that runs under the French- to^tchtiteeaitofecovery 
“ Swiss border. of the “bottom quark. _ 

The observations were made The first mtidew* of Aht^- 

► in an experiment carried out in quark came three years ago, aa 
Ja^to^SSotrmuwhfchis theUA-I experiment at 
‘ a machine that allows beams CERN- 
: of particles accelerated to near 

:SiSiJb) y7 ; , lo t ” Mtiag *° * he 

“rtaSc^pnAI-i.^ 

dow with new- nmy k wh « Bhfc 

; tat dth the Ml h MMd tf gyih d 

3 protons they form smaller 
: -SS called qaarirn. 

* l Quarks are bound into pro- reached atotalof 40. 

: tomand rifentrons if » very 

■ to C oth« particles Dobrzynsky* of the Stonford 

! SdlsdiMmS Linear Accelerator Centre, 

* wBe® KrS mm- the CERN accelerator 


sands of 
disabled 


thanim w tbetoreand i 



jrnxzi. 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


HOME NEWS 


Tough ney 
laws on 
woodlands 
in force 

By Hagh Clayton 
Ennronment Correspaodent 

Landowners who cat down 
woodlands without . per- 
mission can be made to 

reptant them undertough new 

forestry laws which operate 
from today. 

The Forestry Commission 
will also have a new power to 
enter private land, plant trees 
on it and charge the cost to tbe 
owner. . . 

They wfll apply only to large 
groups of trees, and will not 
prevent householders -from 
cullin g down trees. 

The new rule will enable the 

Forestry Commission to serve 
an order on a convicted 
person forcing him or her to 
plant new trees on the land 
and maintain them for up to 

10 years. 

An order could state which 
type of trees had to be planted, 
so that if broadkaves were 
felled illegally the owner 
would not be able to replace 
them with * fester-growing 
conifers. 

Owners who fail to cany out 
replanting orders can be fin 
up to £2,000. 

The new law enables owners 
who object to replanting or- 
ders iyyrad a gain yf the m tO 
appeal to ministers. 

Official surveys show that 
more than a third of wildlife- 
rich ancient woodland in Brit- 
ain has been cut down since 
1945. . 



‘Millions wasted’ 
on poor design of 
prison buildings 

By Peter Evans, Hoine Affairs Correspondent 


Tens of millions of pounds 
have been wasted because af 
the “mon amenta] 

incompetence” of the Home 
Office in the building of jails, 
the Prison Reform Trust said 
yesterday. 

By the Home Office's own 
estimates millions of pounds 
have been wasted, Mr Stephen 
Shaw, the trust's director, 


A refreshing pause for Mark Gaynor, a “living pain ting ”, during 
wall, snsjned in harnesses and corned from head to foot in may 
Gaynor is one of three former art students bringing, a new mea ning t 
ExMfeiUcsn, which opened at foe Novotel Centre, Haramersnntfa, v 


g a seven-hoar stmt mi a 
rylic and greasepaint Mr 
to still life at the DIY^ 
west London, yesterday. 


The catalogue of faults cited 

by the trust ranges from 
building facilities that are 
never used, to the whole high- 
security prison at Full Sutton, 
near York, costing more than 
£20 million, which the Home 
Office admits was surplus to 
requirements, the trust said. 

The accusations reflect the 
trust’s continuing concern 
about the ability of the Home 
Office to deliver an adequate 
building programme. 

Mr Shaw referred to ev- 
idence given earlier this year 
by Home Office officials to the 
Commons Public Accounts 
that, for example, 
the intended renovation of 
Wormwood Scrubs had in- 
volved the construction of 
new buildings which sub- 
sequently were found to be 
unusable because of a change 
in plans. 

He disclosed that a letter to 
him from Mr Christopher 
Tram, director general of the 
prison service, indicated that 
Full Sutton may never be used 


for the purpose for which it 

was designed. 

Furthermore the committee 
had criticized the design for 
replicating the acknowledged 
ypT yralfPc made in another 
maximum-security prison, 
Frankland, Durham. 

At Liverpool new cell doors 
foU off binges, addiding 
£50,000 U> costs. Mr Shaw 
said. Repairs to Wymott 
Prison in the first six years it 
was open represent 70 per 
cent of the original costs of 
building. 

The new Holloway Prison 
in north London requires 
twice as many staff to tunas 
its predecessor, with fewer 
prisoners. 

The design for the £50 
minion new remand prison on 
the Woolwich Arsenal site 
actually assumes compulsory 
ceD-sharing for most of the 
unconvicied prisoners who 
will make up its population, 
Mr Shaw said. 

When two house blocks at 
Eriestoke House youth cus- 
tody centre and detention 
centre. Devizes, were com- 
pleted in March 1983, the 
Prison Officers' Association 
refused to operate them. 

They were eventually occu- 
pied in October 1984 after 
security locks, which restrict 
inmates' access to night 
sanitation, had been fitted. 


- called glD«K. mmrn ^ rattTttcderatoF 

"Tsaffffisatr* 

i-SJfeSS: rass exist 


Uvinc. ^ 


Open now, 
losing soon 


LEEDS 

PREMIUM 

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ACCOUNT 


8-5X 


wtrokhebmaje 

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with a 3*25% 

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looking for a safe, secure and very profitable nest to put it in, 
you’ve found it*. 

The new Leeds Premium Reserve Account 


^^only a limited amount of funds. Once we reach our 
target, the account will close. So it’s first come, first served 

• 3*25% Premium guaranteed for one year. 

You get a very generous return on your money. £10,000 
will earn 8*5%* (net pa). That’s equivalent to 11-97% gross. 
And we guarantee you a premium of 3-25% over the 
nominal Paid-up share rate 1- for one year; providing your 
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Your money’s easy to get at 
Although the Premium Reserve Account runs for a one 
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And all you lose is 90 days interest on the amount 
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The interest: where, when, how? 

Interest is paid 'annually on 31st August. How you get it 
isuptoyoa 

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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER $ 1 986 


Weekend of terror: • Libyan fears of attack • Horror in Istanbul • EEC reaction 


Tripoli braces itself for 
reprisals as US and 
Israel promise revenge 


sions after Arab terrorist at- arc under reconstruction after 
tacks in Karachi and Istanbul, being destroyed earlier this 


as investigators in the two 
cities tried to identify the 
groups involved, and the 
United States and Israel 


promised to avenge their raised because 


dead. 

Helicopters and other mili- 
tary aircraft have been taken 
out of their hangars and 


Tripoli Airport, supposedly to 
make them a less easy target 
for US bombers. 


From Nicholas Beeston Valletta 

Libya was vesterday bracing tion could be the Libyan radar involved in the Plan Am hi- 
itsdf for possible repercus- stations near Benghazi, which jacking, which itJ5 thought 
* ■ - — . arc under reconstruction after was earned out by Falestro- 

being destroyed earlier this fans linked to the mainstream 
year bv US bombers. PLO, loyal to Mr Yassir 

In Malta, Libyan visitors Arafat, 
were taken to Tripoli on a The huacken reportedly do- 
special fight, apparently ar- raanded the release of three 
ranged because they were terrorists, incl uding a Briton, 
afraid of being stranded who are members of the crack 
abroad should the US launch PLO Force 17 unit They are 
an air raid. in prison in Cyprus fbr the 

One Libyan student, return- murder of three Israeli hold- 
ing home from Britain on ho- dayraakers. 
liday, said that where possible Although Libya, like Syria, 
families living near military - has good relations with hard- 
positions were leaving their line Palestinian splinter 


ycarbv US bombers. 

In Malta, Libyan visitors 
were taken to Tripoli on a 
special fight, apparently ar- 


afraid of being stranded 
abroad should the US launch 
an air raid. 

One Libyan student, return- 


spread out on waste ground or ins home from Britain on ho- 
camouflaged among trees at liday, said that where possible 


homes until the tense situa- 


The airpon was protected tion became calmer. 


by soldiers manning new So- 
viet-made anti-aircraft guns, 


For the Libyans, one of the 
most unnerving aspects of the 


and civilian planes were flying currenl crisis is the location of 


on a broad detour around the 
city to avoid confusion with 
possible attacking aircraft. 

The Libyan leader. Colonel 
Gadafti, was last reported in 


the US Sixth Fleet, which 
fought a brief engagement 
with Libya earlier this year 
over the Gulf of Sirte and gave 
air support to FI 11 bombers 


GadafTi, was last reported in air support to ri i i Domoers 
Kampala on Saturday, where when they made their raid in 
he dismissed accusations of ApnL 


his country’s involvement in The recent terrorist attacks 


the Pan Am hijacking as an were particularly ominous for 


"irresponsible fallacy". 


Libya because they came at 


But his countrymen did not the conclusion of a week-long 
appear to share his confidence tom - of European capitals by 

_ . . r* 1 ir _ w i. _ __ _ 


in declarations of innocence, 
and Tripoli was rife with spe- 


General Vernon Walters, the 
US .Ambassador to the UN, 


culaiion that a second US raid who claimed US intelligence 
might be mounted against had uncovered plans by Lib- 


Libya should evidence be un- yan-backed groups to rarry 
covered thai pointed to state- out further terrorist missions. 


sponsored terrorism. 


On the scant evidence avail- 


One important element in a able, however, it does not look 
future US-Libyan confront- as though Libya was directly 


groups, including the terrorist 
oiganization led by Abu Nid- 
al, it is generally opposed to 
the PLO and Mr Ararat 

Until it can be proved 
which groups or countries 
were behind the two attacks, 
no retaliation is expected, but 
Libyans more than anyone 
will be eager to hear what the 
three captured hijackers tell 
their Pakistani interrogators 
during questioning. 

• NAPLES; The US aircraft 
carrier Forrestal returned to 
the Sixth Fleet base in Naples 
yesterday after an unsched- 
uled departure during the 
Karachi hijacking (Reuter 
reports). 

A US Navy spokesman said 
the Forrestal had returned bat 
would not comment on how 
long it would remain in Nap- 
les or give any further details. 



Addis’s 
man in 


Paris 


quits 


Paris (Reuter) - Mr Get- 
acbaw Kibret, the Ethiopian 
Ambassador to France since 
1983. has resigned and is 
thought to have .defected to 

die West . - - 

The Justice Minister from 
1979 to 1983, he is one of few 
career diplomats who served 
under both Emperor Haile; 
Selassie, who was ousted in 
1974 . and the Marxist Pres-, 
dent Mengjstu HaiteManam. 

The French Foreign Min- 
istry said he told the Paris 
Government last .week that he. 
was leaving. He has not ap& 
lied for asylum and is under- 
stood to have left France. . 


■*» it V 


tori vi •*. 

, <?»'-’« V. i 

i-r - '*:?*#* 


Basques meet 
on breakaway 




ISk • -i * .%f * V- r** ajfr •• 



• « '■ is,.*’.-' i 


Madrid - Members of the 
Basque Nationalist Party meet 
inSan Sebastian today -to; 
decide whether to _ join a 
breakaway party seeking, more 
autonomy from Madrid (A 
Correspondent writes). 

Six deputies in the Basque 
Parliament said that they 
would join, and 10-15 deser- 
tions would .force a dissolu- 
tion of the Parliament. 


Bloodstained shoes from the hijacked jumbo await collection at Karachi yesterday as survivors qnene for a Frankfurt flight. 

Libya says it jn the synagogue of death 


disapproves 
of gun attack 


Tunis leader . 
flees to Sicily 


EEC seeks drive against terrorism 


By Richard Owen 

The foreign ministers of the 
Twelve yesterday strongly 
condemned both the hijacking 
of the American airliner at 
Karachi and the massacre at a 
synagogue in Istanbul, and 


Sir Geoffrey Howe, Foreign 
Secretary and President of the 
European Council of Min- 
isters, said at the end of a two- 
day informal session of EEC 
foreign ministers that these 
"dreadful incidents'” had given 
added point to EEC dis~ 


calied for reinforced inter- cussions on bow to fgrlrlp the 
national co-operation to com- roots of terrorism. 


bat terrorism. 


strongly condemn 


these outrages and deplore the 
pointless and tragic loss of life 
involved,*’ Sir Geoffrey said. 

He said the Twelve had not 
considered the qnesthm of 
possible American retaliation 
against states such as Syria, 
Libya or Iran, if it rat proved 
that such states had been 
involved in recent terrorist 
outrages. 


Tripoli (AP) — Libya yes- 
terday said it harboured no 
hostility towards Jews and, 
referring to the Istanbul syna- 
gogue attack, said it dis- 
approved of attacks on "such 
innocent people." 

The official Libyan news 
agency, Jana, said Libyans 
"do not agree with attacks on 
the lives of such innocent 
people who are, like the Arab 
nation, victims of Zionism". 
• NICOSIA: Mr Hossein 
Moussavi, the Iranian Prime 
Minister, denounced the Pan 
Am hijacking and synagogue 
attack as "unacceptable". 


Neve Shalom synagogue; tag on an armchair had been Muslim Turks, even among 
scene of the Sabbath carnage left open at the pages of the the religious fundamentalists- 
in Istanbul, is at 69 Buyuk Kaddish, the Jewish prayer for whose hostility is directed 
Hendek, a narrow, winding the dead. There was a strong more towards Israel than the 
street of old shops leading to smell of burnt paper about- Jews. During the •; Second 
the Galata Tower, one of the Neve Shalom is the biggest World War the Jews here,- like 


From Mario ModSano, Istanbul 


Muslim Turks, even, among 
the religious fixndamentalists- 


Tunis (Reuter) --Mr 
Muhammad Mzah, the Prime 
Minister of Tunisia dismissed 
in July, was smuggled to 
Algeria and is now in Palermo, 


street of old shops lea< 
the Galata Tower, one 


Jews. During the Second 
World War the Jews here.-like 


Sicily, say sources close to his 
family. . 


main landmarks of this an- oflstanbul’s 15 synagogues, of other minorities, suffered 

■ • - L .1 . £ 


dent tity. which about two-thirds are in from the harsh "capital tax 

Neve Shalom is Hebrew for use by the city’s 20.000 Jews, and forced labour imposed by 
"oasis of peace". By a sad mostly descendants of the the regime. At the end of the 
coincidence rt is also the name Sephardic Jews who fled the war, thousands of -Turkish 
ofakibbutz in Israel dedicated Spanish Inquisition after Jews emigrated to Israel, 
to a working experiment in 1492. There are some 2,000 Turkey downgraded its reta- 


hand grenade 
that followed. 


Gandhi-Zia 
clash over 
hijack tactics 


Harare (AP) — The leaders 
of India and Pakistan sharply 
disagreed at the weekend over 
the handling of the Karachi 
hijacking. 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the In- 
dian Prime Minister, said the 
hijack was bungled at the cost 
of many lives, and that Paki- 
stan had encouraged hijacking 
by not returning Sikh ex- 
tremist hijackers to India. 

President Zia of Pakistan 
said his Government took 
decisive action to prevent the 
aircraft being blown up. 



The large, domed temple, 
ehind a discreet facade of 


everything possible must be 
done to end terrorism. 

He said the Karachi and 


behind a discreet facade of ™ 

grey limestone, recently re- 

ftfmr-atttL held its first Sab- tragic ^isodes of terrorism 


decorated, held its firetSab- 

bath service on Satuiday. The that witiun hoiiraof each other. 


to a working experiment in 1492. There are some 2,000 Turkey downgraded its rela- 

ArabJewish co-existence. tions with Israel rax years ago. 

The synagogue, after the " reacting .to the annexation of 

attack by two Arab terrorists, Pone’S D£flC6 nlCH east Jerusalem. Reprcsenta- 

was a shambles, wrecked by F **7^. * _ tion in both countries has 

the hail of machinogun fire, since been l i mit e d to embassy 

band grenades and the fire Tire ^ ■ ^ ye stenfag ltot I eveT* 

that followed. everyttawg possible must fee ^ r^gnt nomination 

The large, domed temple, “g?.* 0 ®?! 1 of diplomats of higher rank at 

behind a discreet facade of the head of the .respective 

grey limestone, recently re- missions has been interpreted 

decorated, held its first Sab- as heralding better relations, 

bath service on Saturday. The 0&w Mr Veissid, asked whether 

grandfather clock near the bh J® • ^ Turkey’s Jews felt any alle- 

entrance had stopped. It gfance to Israel, replied: “As 

showed that the service lasted E every Jew u the world. He 

only 17 minutes. 3 ;„![ said that two small plastic 

When the Turkish police P®** » tnmsfonued into ^ been fouB J ^ 

allowed journalists to visit the angmsn. Jewish institutions some years 

scene yesterday, the mutir Photograph, page lo but there had been no 

lated. dismembered bodies of ... threats and' no attacks until 

the 21 victims and the two .Jewsin other town&afTnricey. Saturday's: r. . . . 

suicidal assailants had been Mr Jak Veissid, president of . It was fortunate, Mr Veissid 

removed to lhe; mortuary. . the Chief Rabbj!? Oun- " added, that most meritbers oT 
Through miscalculation, eft, told journalists yesterday: the community were still away 
perhaps, several empty coffins "Wearea very secprecommu-, on ibcir summer- Holidays, 
lay about on the floor among nityin Turkey. This act nils us **00 Yom Kippur, tbe Day of 
the shattered stained glass of with shock, sorrow and sad- Atonement, which this year 
the windows, the broken ness. But it will not change our £lls in October, there ought 


family. . 

: The disappearance of -Mr 
Mzali, aged 60. was recognised 
when a source said that an 
inquiry had been opened. 
Several family members have 
been held- over allegations of 
financial mismanagement . 


Patched up 

Delhi (AFP)— Some 1 8,000 


textile workers employed by 
the Delhi Cloth Mins ended a 


the Delhi Cloth Mins ended a 
101-day strike after agreeing a 
£25 advance and £4.a month 
pay increase. ..r 


Murphy talks 


entrance had stopped. It ^ 

showed that the service tasted 

nnlv 1 7 minutes creaiDie, the yearamg tor 

When the Turkish police » transforaied into 

allowed journalists to visit tte 16 


Damascus (Reuter) — Mr 
Richard Murphy,, the US en- 
voy, discussed Middle East 
peace with President Assad of 
Syria and the Syrian Minister 
of Stale for Foreign Affairs, 
Mr Issam al-Naeb v 


scene yesterday, the mutt rnowgrapn, page iq 

fated, dismembered bodies of 

the 21 victims and the two Jewsin other townsofTuricey. 


Killer drink 


suicidal assailants had been 
removed to the- mortuary. . 
Through miscalculation. 


windows. 


Mr Ero l DiteEleft, head of the Neve Shalom synagogae and Mr Jak Veissid of 

tbe council of advisers to Istanbul's Chief Rabbi, at a press conference after tbe attack. 


benches and lhe bloodstained situation here.* 


carpets. 


There has been no tradition 


A chaired prayer book rest- of anti-Semitism among the 


“On Yam Kippur, tbe Day of 
Atonement, which this year 
falls in October, there might 
have been as many as 1,000 
people in that synagogue,” he 
said- ■ . * 


Gofombo (AP) — Contami- 
oatedy water his killed 15 
people anil put 100 in hospital 
in 10 days near the western 
coastal town of Puttalam, the 
health authorities said. . 


Six netted 


Soviet press accuses 
West over Daniloff 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


As lhe detention by the 
KGB of Mr Nicholas Daniloff. 
the American correspondent, 
moved into its second week, 
lhe official Soviet press yes- 
terday broke its silence to 
accuse lhe West of using lhe 
affair as a smokescreen to 
distract world attention from 
continuing US nuclear tests 
despite the renewed Soviet 
moratorium. 

Following the disclosure 
that President Reagan had 
intervened personal!} with a 
letter asking Mr Gorbachov to 
secure Mr Damlotfs release. 
Fruvdj. the Communist Party 
newspaper, accused US of- 
ficials of making an undue 
fuss. 

Later Iasi night Tass issued 
a toughly-worded com- 
mentary on Mr Daniloffs 
arrest and the subsequent 
outcry in Washington, under 
the uncompromising headline 
"Diversionary manoeuvre 
wilh little chance of success". 

The broadside in lhe official 
media out US handli ng of the 
affair coincided with a claim 
to The Twin by Mrs Ruth 
Daniloff. the imprisoned rep- 
orter's British wife, that her 
husband, aged 52. was being 
subjected to "severe psycho- 
logical pressure" during his 
continuing interrogation. 

Following a 20-minute tele- 
phone conversation with her 
husband on Saturday. Mrs 
Daniloff said he had been told 
he would definitely be sent for 
trial. 

He was told by his KGB 
imerrogators that they had 
been convinced he was work- 
ing for the CI A by an article he 
had written on the KGB two 


• WASHINGTON: 
President Reagan's letter to 
Mr Gorbachov contained his 
personal assurance that Mr 
Daniloff is not a spy. He 
declared that Soviet-Ameri- 
can relations were too im- 
portant to be affected by the 
affair {Christopher Thomas 
writes). 

The letter, sent on Friday, 
represents Mr Reagan's first 
direct involvement in a rap- 
idly escalating superpower 
conflict that could upset cru- 
cial armsrcontrol talks and 
even the prospects for a 
summit this year. 

Senior Administration of- 
ficials said that if the affair 
was not resolved by today, the 
US might begin taking de- 
cisions about retaliatory 
measures. 

Tomorrow Mr Gennadi 
Zakharov, a Soviet physicist 
accused of spying, is to appear 
in federal court in New York, 
when the judge will again 
consider a Soviet request to 
release him into the custody of 
the Russian Ambassador, Mr 
Yuri Dubinin. i 


Delhi rule 
imposed 
in Kashmir 


' Dhaka (AP) - Bangladesh 
has seized six Indian trawlers 
with 60 crewmen for alleged 


Cautions attempt at reform 
in climate of uncertainty 


ByFM^Nayar 


vears ago. 

"During the interrogation 
the KGB repeatedly ask him 
‘What spy school did you go 
to?* ” Mrs Daniloff told me. 


The US contends that Mr 
Daniloffs arrest was in direct 
retaliation for the charges 
against Mr Zakharov, a 
United Nations employee. 

Some Administration of- 
ficials believe the Soviet 
Union may not announce its 
next move until that hearing is 
over. 

Mr Zakharov is currently in 
prison without bail. Under an 
arrangement proposed by the 
Administration, he would be 
handed over to the Russian 
Ambassador pending his trial, 
if Mr Daniloff were returned 
unconditionally to the US. 

Any measures against the 
Soviet Union are likely to be 
symbolic in nature. 


Delhi has imposed Presi- 
dent's rule in the state of 
Jammu and Kashmir because 
the Governor's rule, in force 
since March 6, could not be 
extended beyond six months 
under the terms of the state's 
separate constitution. 

President Zaii Singh has 
stepped in under article 356 of 
the Indian constitution, which 
empowers him to intervene 
when a state’s constitutional 
machinery fails. 

In practice there will be no 
change. The Governor bad 
been running the administra- 
tion under the state’s constitu- 
tion. Now he will run it under 
the Indian constitution as tiie 
President’s agent. The six- 
month limit specified for this 
arrangement can be extended 
to two years. 

The legal rigmraarole came 
about because Mr Rajiv Gan- 
dhi, the Prime Minister, who 
also heads the Congress (O 
party, has been unable to 
strike terms for a coalition 

g verament in the state with 
■ Farooq Abdullah, head of 
the National Conference 
Party, who was ousted as 
Chief Minister by Mrs Indira 
Gandhi 

National Conference, which 
does not have a majority in 
the state legislature, has re- 
cently been hit by defections. 

Dr Abdullah has been resist- 
ing a coalition with Con- 
gress (I), arguing that the 
nearer a leader gets to tbe 
Delhi Government the lower 
he goes in the estimation of 
the people of the Kashmir 
valiev. who are 90 per cent 
Musfim. 

However, the negotiations 
are continuing. 


Finland honours former president 


From Olli Kivinen 
Helsinki 


The Finnish people paid 
their Iasi respects to former 
President Ur ho Kekkoncn in a 
sombre state funeral yesterday 
afternoon. Tens of thousands 


of people gathered along the 2- 
mile route from the cathedral 
to the national cemetery. 


President Kekkoncn. who 
held office for 25 years, died 
on August 31. aged 85. 

His funeral did not become 
an occasion for East-West 
political meetings as only 
Seandinavian countries were 
represented by heads of state. 

Sweden and Norway sent 
their Kings and the Soviet 


Union was represented by 
vice-President Pyotr 
Demychev. 

The state funeral was 
marked bv lack of dramatics 
which reflects the fact that 
during Kekkonen’s presidency 
the country achieved an un- 
heard of degree of stability and 
prosperity. 


President Paul Biya of Cam- 
eroon is introducing cautious 
reforms in a climate of un- 
certainty. In the Jim of two 
reports, Gavin Bell reports 
from Yaounde on the Presid- 
ent's progress. 

Urte fast month the Tribute, 
Cmarooon*! French-fangaage 
daily newspaper, was ores an 
unusual story by the Govern- 
ment. 

It concerned tbe release of 
14 influential political pris- 
oners, a rare event in West 
Africa, on the orders of Presi- 
dent Biya. 

A few days later, Mir Biya 
began a state visit to West 
Germany, leaving his adminis- 
trators and generals to cope 
with the disruptive aftermath 
of a volcanic gas explosion, the 
worst natural disaster in the 
country’s history. 

Two apparently unrelated 
events, but together fllnstrat- 
mg growing confidence in the 
stability ®f a country with 
every right to be considered 
among the mast susceptible on 
the continent to internecine 
conflicts. 

The repnUk inherited by 
Mr Biya in 1982 is a bewilder- 
ing mosaic of tribal, religious 
and cultural communities that 
provide all the ingredients for 
tension and rivalry. 

Cameroon is the only Af- 
rican country fa which French 
and English are both official 
languages, a legacy of the 
United Nations Trust Terri- 
tories which merged to form an 
independent republic hi 1961. 

There are 213 separate 
tribes, with name rots sub- 
dans. Those of the northern 
regions bordering Chad and 
Nigeria are largely Muslim, 
those of the sooth are predom- 
inantly Christian, and anim- 
ism (ancient traditional reli- 
gion) persists throughout tbe 
country. 

This volatile cocktail ex- 
ploded in 1984 when Mr Biya, 
a southern Christian, tried to 
change members of an elite 
presidential guard created by 
his predecessor, Mr Ahmadou 
A hid jo, a northern Muslim. 
He survived an assault on ins 
palace by the enraged guards, 
thanks to prompt intervention 
by loyal Army units, but the 
warning was salutary. 

Mr Biya has dace moved 


CAMEROON 

Parti 


cautiously in introducing polit- 
ical and social reforms aimed 
at a more democratic system of 
government and d h n in a ting 
the Botorioes corruption of the 
previous regime. 

A gradual replacement of 
the OM-gnard political mafia 
with a younger generation of 
technocrats, has produced 
seven reshuffles at ministerial 
level solar. 

His boldest move was to 
initiate free elections to tbe 


IMmocratiqne dn People Cam- 



Presidem Biya: slowly lifting 
pressure cooker lid. 




eromtais. Regional delegates 
bad previously been ftff^kted 
by the centra] committee. 

However, an invitation to 
political opponents abroad to 
return and join his campaign 
for unity almost backfired. 
Many west given influential 
positions in the administra- 
tion, notably in health, educa- 
tion and housing, and were 
among those subseqneutiy id- 
entified by the Tribune as hav- 
ing fomented political agtta- 
thw and subversion. 

A local journalist, a member 
of the influential Bameteke 
tribe, described Mr Kyi's 
task thus? "After years of an- 
thoritarian rule under Ahidjo, 
Cameroon b like a pressure 
cooker. Whip off fix fid, and it 
wiD explode in yom* face. 
Remove it slowly, and there’s a 
chance nothing will spin out" 

In his view, the President 
was gaining respect for hon- 


esty and liberal reforms, but 
he still had to convince the 
people that tine new morality 
was being practised by his 
senior ministers and advisers. 

Diplomats In Yaounde, the 
capital, agree that Mr Rya's 
leadersf up has been fairly pos- 
itive, and regard him as the 
closest thing in Africa to the 
Western concept of a social de- 
mocrat. They are sceptical 
about reports of repression, 
and estimate the uumfaerof po- 
etical opponents still in deten- 
tion at less than 10. 

One problem has been an 
excessively slow-moving 
bareancracy, with its roots in 
the centralized power of the 
presidency. Embassies tend to 
deal directly with the 
Preside&fs staff, rather than 
with ministers, for executive 
derisions. Mr Biya h aware of 
the problem, and French 
consultants are understood to 
be advising him on moves to 
devolve a»fcsrity. 

The opp«mtion is frag- 
mented and hugely in exile, 
and there is no evidence of 
serious discord betweoi Chris- 
tians and Muslims. 

Anglo-French finguistk ten- 
sions are more apparent. Op- 
portunities for higher educa- 
tion and careers fa state ad- 
ministration are limited with- 
out a mastery of French. 
Hence there have bees peri- 
odic rnmbfiugs of discontent 
from the Anglophones, who 
constitute almost a quarter of 
the lft-maHon population. 

Mr Biya has gone some way 
towards appeasing them with 
pnhfic speeches in English. A 
mare concrete move begins 
this month with an Engnsh- 
fan gwage fwWwg pmgruunft 
far senisr civil servants, under 
the auspices of tbe British 
CoondL 

The jpeatest threat to stab- 
ility may come from the in- 
creasingly well-educated 
young, impatient for greater 
political and intcflectnal free- 


Paris turns 
down deal 
after bomb 


unauthorized fishing in terri- 
torial waters off the south- 
western coast. Five trawlers 
were held on AnguSt 27. . .. 


Fresh orders 


Khartoum (Renter) — Ma- 
jor-General Abdift-Azim Sid- 
dek has been named Chief of 
Staff of Sudan's armed forces, 
replacing General Muham- 
mad Tawfiq Khalil, who was 
dismissed fan week. 


From Susan MacDonald 
Paris 

There is no question of 
France freeing Georges Ibra- 
him Abdallah, tbe suspected 
European head of the Leba- 
nese Armed ' Revolutionary 
Faction who is in prison here, 
according to .M Charles 
Pasqua, the Minister of the 
Interior. 

But he added that if such a 
decision was taken it would 
not be tbe object of public 
discussi on. 

M Pasqua’s statement came 
after the Committee •■.■of 
Solidarity with Arab and Mid- 
dle-Easi Prisoners had 
claimed responsibility in Bejr 
n*t on Friday for planting tbe 
bomb that failed to explode on 
a Paris Metro' train 

M Pasqua and M Robert 
Pandraud, the Security Min- 
ister, toured likely terrorist 
targets in Paris on Saturday to 
check new security arrange- 
ments. - They visited, tbe 
Cbatdet area, Les Halles, the 
Gate de Lyon and some large 
department stores. Security at 
Charles de Gaulle airport has 
also been reinforced. 

Meanwhile, Signor Gio- 
vanni Stephan, considered a 
leader of the Italian extremist 
group Prima Lines, was ar- 
rested by French police on 
Tuesday on a train crossing 
the border with Spain. It is 
understood that the Italian 
Justice Minister has requested 
his extradition. . 


Video crime 


Moscow (Reuter) — Russia, 
the largest Soviet republic, has 
decreed that private showings 
of films and videos propagat- 
ing "the cult of violence and 
cruelty" are punishab!e~by two 
years’jaiL 


Buried drugs 


Granada (Reuter) — Police 
discovered half-a ton of hashr 
ish worth 200 million pesetas 
(about £1 million) buried on 
the beach of Piedra de la 
Gorra on the Costa dd SoL . 


Muslim post 


Melina. Spain (Reuter) — 
Mr Omar Dudu, Muslim lead- 
er in this North African Spoilt 
ish enclave, is to accept a 
senior Madrid Government 
post in charge of relations with 
ethnic minorities. 


Speaker goes 

Mr John Bosley, aged 39, 
has resigned as Speaker' of 
Canada's House of Commons 
amid Opposition allegations 
that he was nudged aside by 
the Conservative Govern- 
ment. He is expected to be 
succeeded by Mr Marcel 
Danis, of Quebec. 


Chile rocked 
by dozens 
of explosions 


Danis, of Quebec. 

China visit 


Peking (AP) — Mr Nikolai 
Tajyrin, the Soviet First Vice 
Premier, left Moscow to visit 
China to discuss economic co- 
operation and. trade, tbe 
Xinhua News Agency raid. " 
Deng interview, page 8 

Naval battle 


.for tile moment Mir Biya's 
caatioimexperiiaeirtfalibaal- 
fam appears to be wariong. But 
tiie complex demographic 
composition of Cameroon 
makes its f u tur e as unpredict- 
able as the volcano that spew- 
ed sudden death last month. 

Tomorrow: The economy 


S antia go (Renta)— Dozens 
of bombs went off during tiie 
weekend In Chile, after two 
days of protests against the 
Pinochet Government in 
which three people died, po- . 
lice sources said. 

Chile's second-largest city, 
Valparaiso, was blacked out 
for several boors after two 
explosions cut power lines. 

• LIMA: Paramilitary police 
arrested 288 people ra an 
ovenughi sweep after left- 
wing guorilla bombs rocked 
the Peruvian capital, killing 
two: . 


Tehran (Reuter) — Iranian 
naval vessels damaged three 


“advanced frigates" in a 
i.frj- tbe northern Gulf, 


batue.m tbe northern Gulf, 
and one bad to be towed away, 
Tehran Radio reported. .. 


Ferry fire 

tir_ ■ W j 


I ■ Warsaw (AP) — No one was 
hurt when fire broke out on a 
Polish car and rail ferry on its 
to Sweden, forcing -21 
crewand travellera to leave 




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Non-aligned countries 
set up fund for black 
liberation movements 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


!JSK> A 

'' r *. ' 


The Non-Aligned Move- 
ments eighth summit ended 

here shortly before dawn yes- 
terday with the. ratification of 
I»an5 for a special fund to as- 
sist the frontline states and 
South Africa’s black liberation 
movements: 

.The dosing ceremony was 
de «yeti until agreement was 
reac v ft * on Cyprus as the ve- 
nue for. the movement’s next 
ministerial meeting, after 
some members raised strong 
Objections to the North Ko- 
rean capital, Pyon gyang 

A mammoth document on 
world political probems, to be 
known as “The Harare Decla- 
ration”, calls for the dispatch 
of a team of foreign ministers 
from the Non-Aligned Move- 
ment to persuade South Afri- 


Fnm A Correspondent, Harare 

ca’s principal, trading partners of so-called constructive ea- 
— the United States, Britain, gagement quiet diplomacy 
West Germany and Japan— to and dialogue” which were in- 
introduce comprehensive tended to hide collaboration 
mandatory sanctions. . with and support for President' 

The team will' consist of Botha’s regime, 
representatives of Algeria, Besides calling for the total 
Ar^n^The (W, fidia^ isolation ofSouth Africa, im- 

mediate independence for Na- 
• i , ™2!!!!h*. . . . . mibia and an end to South Af- 

Ina^tementiommkihe , rican "destabilization” attacks 

on Mack neighbouring states, 
Tambol«*er of theAfncan ^ summit denounced South 
Nanornl Congress, who. had African “harassmenT of trade 
been attending the summit as ^tb Zambia and Zimbabwe 

"t? ^L. 101 “ August, when restrictions 
member nations had sort an temporarily placed on 

unequivocal message to the innsit traffic. 

Western- industrialized states 
that the millions of people 
represented by the P No£ 

Aligned Movement com- {S5* n j| v ?[ Jr*S!L 

nksipfu »;<>«»< t hotv- Gandhi as chairman of the 

pfetely rejected their policies Nft -_ fhr 


What summit decided 


The Iran-Iraq wan Mem- 
bers angered Iran's President 
Khamenei by refusing to con- 
demn Iraq as the ag&essor. 

They urged, instead, that both 
sides should “summon the 
political will” to negotiate, a 
lasting peace. President 
Khamenei said Iran would 
accept no formula which 
“lacked the 'necessary atten- 
tion to justice” by failing to 
punish Iraqi leaders as war 
criminals. _ 

Libya: Special conde mna tion outflow of capital resources 
was made of May’s American fr° m the developing world to 
air raids on Tripoli and Ben- mdustrialoed countries, 
ghazi, which were described as At the instigation of Ope: 
“state terrorism". members, the summit depfor- 

Britain was alyn denounced the “massive shift i n in - 

for its collaboration in allow- come from the oQ exporting 
ingots air bases to be used and countries to the developed 
a demand was made for the countries" and said this would 
payment of foil compensation have an adverse "knock-on” 
to Libya. effect on the economies of all 

Central America: Members developing nations, 
said they were “outraged” by D>-upenitSo<icomflrissio(t:The 
the grant of $100 (£66.6m) former Tanzanian President 
assistance lo Nicaragua's Con- and African elder statesman, 
ira rebels by the US Congress. . Mr Julius Nyercre, was ap- 
Afghanistaic Withdrawal of’ pointed to head a special 


independe nt Pa lesti nian state, local conflicts in southern 
toad was strongly condemn- Africa and Central America, 
ed for alleged aggression m He denied the summit had 
Lebabon. been unbalanced in its censure 

Disarmament: The summit of the United Stales, as op- 
urged the UStoftrfJowjheJead posed to the Soviet Union, 
of the Soviet Union and “There has been an inva- 
deciare a moratorium on sion of Grenada, Libya, sup- 
nuclear weapons testing. ' port for Unita, the Contras in 

"SBSWSSSffi* 

new world econorS^Ser 

which win reverse the net thatr ** Mpgabe 


the summit denounced South 
African “harassmenT of trade 
with Zambia and Zimbabwe 
in August, when restrictions 
were temporarily placed on 
transit traffic. 

The Zimbabwean Prime 
Minister, Mr Robert Mugabe, 
took over from Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi as chairman of the 
Non-Aligned Movement for 
the next three years. Mr 
Mugabe said great power 
interference had exacerbated 
local conflicts in southern 
Africa and Central America. 

He denied the summit had 
been unbalanced in its censure 
of the United Stales, as (Hi- 
posed to the Soviet Union. 

“There has been an inva- 
sion of Grenada, Libya, sup- 
port for Unita, the Contras in 
Nicaragua and El Salvador. 

"The Soviet Union is in At 




i' v#' is?** , 
s 



asked.? 


President Castro of Cuba listening through headphones to a 
. speech at the Non-Aligned Movement summit in Harare. 


Gadaffi 
takes 400 
guards to 
Uganda 

From Charles Harrison 
Nairobi 

Colonel Gadaffi, the Libyan 
leader, flew into Uganda at the 
weekend accompanied by four 
aircraft carrying 400 Libyan 
security guards who framed a 
tight corioii around him and 
the airport at Entebbe, out- 
nmabenng the Ugandan se- 
curity men. 

Hrs visit underlines his 
dose relationship with Presi- 
dent Museveni, who took 
power in a coup last January. 

Cotonal Gadaffi flew in on 
Saturday from Harare, where 
his speech to the Non- Aligned 
Movement last week attracted 
world attention when he de- 
scribed the movement as use- 
less am! criticized the few 
African states that have es- 
tablished diplomatic relations 
irith Israel. 

At an Entebbe press con- 
ference, Colonel Gadaffi again 
denied that Libya was involved 
in last week's hijacking of the 
Pan Am 747 airliner at 
Karachi. 

President Museveni visited 
Libya in mid-August, where be 
co nd nde d a barter trade deaL 

It is ironic that Colonel 
Gadaffi should now be so 
friendly with Uganda. In 1979 
he sent troops to fight for the 
former dictator, Idi Amin, 
when be was being driven out 
by a mixed military force 
which included Mr MnsevenL 


OVERSEAS news t_ 

US congressman 
reviews future of 
Polish sanctions 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The most influential Ameri- Mr Jan Kjnasi, foe deputy 
n politician to visit Poland Foreign Minister, Mr Andrzej 
ice the military crackdown Wojcik, the Foreign Trade 
re years ago yesterday left Minister, and Mr Jozef 
arsaw after four intensive Czyrek, a senior member of 
tys of talks with ministers, a the Politburo, 
riilburo member, Solidarity The view was that the US 
risers and the Primate, was harming both US-Polish 
irdinal Jozef Gletnp. relations - already described 

Mr Stephen Solarz, a senior as “rock bottom" by General 
ember of the House foreign Jaruzelski. the head of state — 
fairs committee, said he had and economic reform, 
scussed “the fate and future Solidarity and Roman 
' political prisoners” and Catholic Church advisers in 
he possibility of establishing Warsaw and Cracow ex- 


can politician to visit Poland 
since the military crackdown 
five years ago yesterday left 
Warsaw after four intensive 
days of talks with ministers, a 
Politburo member, Solidarity 
advisers and the Primate, 
Cardinal Jozef Glemp. 

Mr Stephen Solarz, a senior 
member of the House foreign 
affairs committee, said he had 
discussed “the fate and future 
of political prisoners” and 
“the possibility of establishing 
a broader dialogue” between 
authorities and society in talks 
with government officials. 

The aim of the congress- 
man's visit was to assess the 
future of US sanctions against 
Poland, imposed when mar- 
tial law was declared in the 
winter of 1981. The Poles say 
that the US is still enforcing 
the two most hurtful sanc- 
tions: a ban on new credits- 
and the suspension of Pol- 
and’s most favoured nation 
trading status. 

His talks were intended to 
answer the questions: how far 
are sanctions hurting Poland, 
what effect are they having on 
Polish policy, and lo what 
degree has the Government 
relaxed its grip since martial 
law? 

His analysis will be crucial 
to the future of US sanctions 
policy towards Warsaw. 

Warsaw's position was put 
to Mr.Solarz at meetings with 


Cardinal Glemp told a 200.000 
congregation in Tarnow, 
southern Poland, that he 
hoped the Pope would visit 
next year to mark the 
beatification of Karolina 

Kozka, who was murdered 

early this century (Renter 

reports). 

plained that time was needed 
to evaluate the current am- 
nesty for political prisoners. It 
was still not dear, they said, 
whether the amnesty would 
include some top figures in the 
outlawed Solidarity move- 
ment. 

Mr Solarz. who is a Demo- 
crat representing a New York 
constituency with a large 
number of Polish Americans, 
evidently had some sympathy 
for this view. However, his 
final assessment will not be 
known until he reports in 
Washington. 


foreign troops was urged, 
without specific reference to 
the Soviet Union. 

Israel and the Middle East: 
The . movement reaffirmed 
support for MrYassir Arafat’s 
Palestine Liberation Organiz- 
ation -and the creation of an 


commission for co-operation 
among Third World states^ 
This would go beyond merely 
identifying the causes of 
underdevelopment, produc- 
ing joint strategies to combat 
poverty, hunger, illiteracy and 
economic stagnation. 


The new BBC micro allows your 

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Botha seeks closer 
ties with Taiwan 


From David Watts, Tokyo 


The Foreign- Minister of 
South AfricaTMr R. F.“Kk” 
Botha, is beghmbig the second 
stage of his Asian tour with a 
visit to Taiwan, in search of 
more trade and strengthened 
ties. 

. Taiwan and South Africa 
have been thrust together by 
their international isolation. 
Since the flood of countries 
recognizing Pelting, Taiwan 
now exchanges ambassadors 
with only 22 countries, of 
which Sooth Africa is one of 
the most important 
' The Botha visit cranes im- 
mediately after a new trade 
agreement between the two 
countries, which calls, for in- 
creased Taiwanese purchases 
of South Afkan maize. 

Taiwan is hoping to boy 
600,000 tons a year from 
November, after three years of 
drought in South Africa which 
reduced purchases to niL 

The agreement also deals 
with scientific and te chnical 
co-operation and cooperation 
in a whole range of other 
fields, including the removal of 
tarrifs and other barriers and 
duties on senu-finisbed prod- 
ucts from South Africa im- 
ported into Taiwan, which are 
then, re-exported to South 
Africa. 

But the renewed agreement 
is likely to have little initial 
impact on what is a rather 
disappointing trade picture, 
from the South African point 
of view. Two-way trade was 
worth only $500 millio n tot 
year, a modest figure by worm 
standards. It has feeM s teady 
since 2982, when it fell from 
$600 mfifion. 

The South Africans would 
like Taiwan to buy m ore of 
their minerals and agricultural 
jproductsi, while there has been 
a certain reserve on the part ®i 

Church sit-in 
by Spanish 


South Africa about the quality 
of Taiwanese goods. * 

Undoubtedly Mr Botha will 
have more serious tilings to 
talk about than grain. 

There is no risk of Taiwan 
taking any action against 
South Africa on sanctions. 
Pretoria is the only world 
capital stm callin g Taiwan by 
the name it prefers, tiie Repub- 
lic of China. As in Japan, Mr 
Botha will be asking the 
Taiwanese to try to Influe nce 
their friends not to take any 
action on sanctions in the 
event of Japan, the EEC and 
the United Stales tighteni ng, 
up* 

• More important, he will be 
asking for fines of supply to be 
kept open from those markets 
via Taiwan. Sophisticated 
computers will most probably 
be on Iris list. South Africa has 
bo difficulty with supplies of 
smaller computers but large 
mainframes could be prob- 
lematic. 

After his Taiwan visit; Mr 
Botha goes to Hong Kong. 


% 

Jfe / ■&' • 




: 



Mr *Pik’ Botha: looking east 

Church sit-in Cambodians 
by Spanish beg to keep 
farmworkers UN protection 


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something they won’t grow out of easily. 




Frora A Correspondent ] 

Madrid 

Three hundred farm labour- 
ers from Spain's southern agri- 
cultural region of Andalusia 
continued io occupy foe 

church of St Thomas Aquinas 


. From Nefl Kelly 
Bangkok 

Thousands of Cambodian 
refugees in Thailand made a 
mass appeal at the weekend to 
be allowed to stay under 
United Nations protection. , 


^Srid^^andfStk- They waved tanners saying 


the fifth successive day, after 

failing to obtain a 

for Sen or Di«o C^Jamero 


for Senor Di«o 
and 600 other aim labourers 
who were convicted of taking 
part in illegal land occup*" 

gonsinl984andweredueio 

be taken to prison on Friday- 
The anomalous legal situa- 
tion of Senor Caftamero and 

his followers is seen by many 
Andalusian .politicians as 

highlighting lhe S*5SL 
the Socialist Governments 

response to the P™ blcn ^L°* 
the region, where foe mecto^ 
nization of agriculture ^sinoe 
Spain joined the 

exacerbated unemployment. 


“We want to stay under UN 
protection” at the UN High 
Commissioner for Refugees, 
Mr Jean^PierTe Hocke, who 
was. visiting the Khao i dang 
camp, eight miles from the 
Cambodian border. . 

The banners referred to 
claims by some Thai officials 
that the Cambodians are not 
genuinerefugees; and to a plan 
to close the camp and move its 
25.000 inmates to holding 
centres on lhe Cambodian 
border. 

Mr Hocke said he was 
concerned for the refugees and 
would begin talks about them 
with the Thais in November. 



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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


On the eve of historic Thatcher visit 

Norway facing instability 


From Tony Samstas 
Oslo 

By the admission of its 
Prime Minister, Norway, until 
recently the envy of Europe 
for its affluence and stability, 
has become an economic and 
political shambles, virtually 
ungovernable, and will remain 
so at least until the next 
general election in 1989. 

Mrs Gro Harlem Brundt- 
land, who took over in April 
as head of a minority Labour 
Government, says she is re- 
signed to the danger that her 
country might develop over 
the next three years into the 
“Italy of northern Europe”, 
where successive governments 
rise and fall with monotonous 
regularity until the constitu- 
tion specifies that the next 
election can take place. 

In an interview at the 
weekend, her first with the 
British press, Mrs BrundUand 
told The Times: “What we do 
not know is how long this 
minority Government will 
last It would be bad if Norway 
were to change governments 
every half-year...but this could 
happen." 

The rot had set in, in her 
view, as early as the end of 
1984, when it was already 
clear “the Norwegian econ- 
omy was badly led, in an 
expansive atmosphere of eno- 
rmously increased private 
consumption and high levels 
of credit, which reduced 
competitiveness and over- 
heated the economy long be- 
fore the dramatic fell in the oil 



Mrs Bnuddand: facing un- 
precedented turmoil 
price". Mrs Thatcher is to visit 
Norway on Thursday and 
Friday this week, an historic 
visit bringing together 
Europe's only two woman 
Prime Ministers. 

The invitation was issued 
and accepted during the 
administration of Mrs 
Brundtland's Conservative 

predecessor, Mr Kane Wiiloch, 
who resigned after his “Easter 
package” of emergency budget 
measures was defeated in the 
Storting (Parliament). 

His coalition Government 
was said at the time to have 
been the world's first political 
casualty of the collapse in oil 
prices and Norway, Europe's 
second-largest oil producer, 
has been struggling ever since 
to pick up the -pieces in a 
Parliament with no dear 
majority and what Mrs 
BrundUand describes as an in- 
built potential for stalemate at 
every turn. 


Mrs Thatcher’s visit is the 
first by a serving British Prime 
Minister since Norway has 
existed as a separate nation. It 
takes place against a back- 
ground of unprecedented 
domestic political turmoil 

The Prune Minister has 
called a crisis meeting on the 
economy, at which she will try 
10 persuade employers and 
trade unions to make yet more 
unpalatable sacrifices in the 
national interest 

Mrs BrundUand, preoccu- 
pied with domestic in-fight- 
ing, plummeting public opin- 
ion polls and the imminent 
prospect of the tight of her 
political life, refuses to be 
drawn on pqtential flash- 
points in her discussions with 
Mrs Thatcher. 

There are several One is 
what Norway has seen for 
years as British intransigence 
m refusing to accept Scandina- 
vian arguments implicating 
the Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board in much of the 
air pollution responsible for 
“add rain"; others might well 
include nudear power, “die 
burning South Africa issue", 
and perhaps especially “the 
East-West situation, the out- 
look for negotiations on peace 
and arms control”. 

Norway's development un- 
der its new Labour Govern- 
ment as one of the “footnote 
nations" of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization has at- 
tracted a great deal of atten- 
tion in Europe, and with 
reason. 


As Mrs BrundUand emp- 
hasizes, any reservation reg- 
istered by Norway represents 
"the majority in the Govern- 
ment and the majority in the 
Norwegian Parliament”, un- 
like Denmark's more frcquenl 
(and notorious) “footnotes” • 
where "the Danish Govern- 
ment does not believe in tbe 
footnote itselT. The split in 
Denmark between Govern- 
ment and ’ Parliament has 
lasted several years. 

When she agreed to form a 
new government, Mrs Brundi- 
land said equal opportunity 
for women would be a corner- 
stone of her policies. 

She wasted no time, appoi- 
nting a Cabinet in which eight 
out of 18 ministers were 
women, a world record 44.4 
per cent The Storting already 
had a record 34 per cent of 
women MPs. The world (and 
its wife) took immediate no- 
tice, fascinated. 

Mrs Brundtland, an ex- 
tremely serious woman who , 
might be expected to bridle — 
she bridles easily — at such a 
frivolous approach, is un- 
ruffled. On the contrary; 
“These statistics show women 
in this country are much 
better off than women in most 
other countries." 

Mrs Brundtland concludes 
that she is looking forward to 
welcoming Mrs Thatcher on 
Thursday, and reliable sources 
indicate that the chances of 
the Labour Government 
remaining in power at least 
that long are excellent. 



Threat to 
Japan’s 
relations - 
with Seoul ; 

From David Watts 
Tokyo 

A new diplomatic incident 
is threatening relations be- 
tween Japan and South Korea,' 
two weeks before the Japanese*' 
Prime Minister is to visit' 
SeouL 

The embarrassment is over 


Mr Bob Hawke, the Australian Prime 
Minister, right, shaking hands with the 
Chinese Vice-Premier, IVir Wan Li, before a 
tennis match at Mr Hawke’s Canberra 
residence at the start of Mr Wan’s visit. 

China, which gave the world pug-pong 
diplomacy, had to concede to Australian 
competitiveness yesterday in this new bilateral 
sporting contact. Mr Hawke, aged 55, and his 


partner beat Mr Wan, aged 81, and his partner 
6-3, 7-5 (Stephen Taylor writes from Sydney). 

Mr Wan bad defeated Mr Hawke in China 
earlier this year. Yesterday's result may hare 
been influenced by the Gut that Mr Hawke was 
partnered by Mr Frank Sedgmaa, the former 
Wimbledon singles champion, while Mr 
Wan’s partner, Mr Li Fnrong, was only a 
former world champion at table tennis. 


lcMSofEducaSon,hfr 
Masayuld Fujio, in which he 
claimed that the annexation of 
Korea took place “with the de. 
facto and de Jure agreements 
of the two sides” and that the 
atomic bombings of Hiroshj-.. 
ma and Nagasaki were mote 
c ertain as historical feet than . 
the Nanking massacre in 
1937. He is quoted as saying: 
“I wonder which cases should, 
be tried by wartime inter- 
national law?” 

He also claimed that Japan 
was “slashing its own arms, 
and legs .... to adjust to: 

foreign countries”. 

The South Korean Embassy 
in Tokyo said the interview, in . 
the intellectual monthly. 
Bungei Shunju , may came a 
fo-sh crisis in relations. 

There is speculation that Mr 
Fujio will have to resign, on 
Mr Nakasone’s visit may have , 
to be postponed or cancelled. 

• Woman leaden Miss Tak^f 
ko Doi became the first wo- 
I man leader of a major Japan- 
ese political party at the week- 
end when she took ova* the . 
chairmanshi p of the Socialists. ~ 


This little piggy ’s 

going to maxkei 


Rights groups take 
place of UN forum 


By Caroline Moorehead 

A three-day seminar on its third permanent working- 
h uman tights in the United group, dealing with confiden- 
Nations begins today in tial communications, was 
Geneva. widely agreed to be the most 


Organized by a number of effective. Through it, individ- 
indejpendent human rights uals were able to present their 
groups, it has been set up to own cases of torture and per- 
replace tbe annual session of secution, over the heads of 


the UN's Sub-Commission on 
Prevention of Discrimination 
and Protection of Minorities, 


their government ' 

The leading role in setting 
uo the alternative seminar was 

TV « .■ 4 ni Ci- 


whose three working groups — taken by the Anti-Slavery So- 
on slavery, indigenous pop- riety, a British-registered char- 
ulations and confidential ity founded in 1839 and the 



communications — were can- 
celled earlier this year on 
financial grounds, despite 


ity founded in 1839 and the 
oldest human rights organiza- 
tion in the woridL 
With help from the Norwe- 


considerable worldwide pro- gian Government, the Joseph. 


test 

The cancellation was re- 


Rowntree Charitable Trust 
Oxfem, the World Council o 


garded by human rights organ- Churches, the Ford . Founds- 

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.meeting for five weeks each 


The seminar agenda inc- 
ludes a debate on the ways in, 




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summer to hear evidence of which the UN machinery for 
abuses of human rights and to human rights should be 
agree on ways to curb persecu- strengthened, 
non. It had been influential in Its delegates will also be 
implementing new interna- trying toconvince the UN that 
tional agreements on torture, human rights should be re* 
and in bringing to public not- garded as an integral part of its 
ice child labour and the “dis- work and not as an easy-to- 
appearances” in Latin Amer- cancel optional extra, 
ica. Leading article, page 13 

Ceasefire Deng sets 

offered conditions: 

by Aquino for summit 

Fran Keith Dalton From Robert Grieves ~ 

Manila Pelting 

Philippine government neg- In a wide-ranging interview, 

otiators have proposed a 30- pans of which were aired 
day ceasefire with Communist yesterday on the American 
rebels while full-scale peace news programme “60 
talks aimed at ending the 17- Minutes”, Mr Dens Xiaoping, 
year guerrilla war are held. China's leader, spoke at length 

The proposal put to rebel about the possibility of a Sino- 
emiss a r ies at a secret Manila Soviet s ummi t, his re tirement 
meeting, is a bold move to plans and the problem of 
revive discussions which have Taiwan, 
been stalled for a month by Hie interview was given bn 
squabbles over safe-conduct September 2 in Peking to CBS 
passes and procedural mat- News. -• 

ters- ‘ . _ . In the interview Mr Deng 

But th e left-wing -envoys, said: “If Gorbachov takes $ 
representing the umbrella solid step towards the removal 
group the National Demo- of the three obstacles in Sino» 
cratic Front (NDF), have Soviet relations, particularly 
ask ed for time ip discuss the requiring Vietnam to end its 
ceasefire plan with leaders of aggression in Kampuchea and 
the banned Communist Party withdraw its troops fiorii .. 
and its mffitary wing, the New there, I myself will be ready fo 
People’s Army. meet him.” 

. TTie Government’s new ini- Peking has said that thrdi . 
native came the day afteri obstacles prevent a rapprocho- 
Presdent Aquino s unprece- ment between the two Conn ’ 
5®““? P® 80 * ““s* 00 *P “ti tnunist giants: Soviet support 
the Muslim rebellion m the for the Vietnamese occupa- 
southern- Philippines. tion of Cambodia, the Soviet 

Airs Aquino on Friday new invasion ‘"of Afghanistan and- 
to the Moro National Libera- foe deployment of some 50 
uou Front stronghold on the Soviet military divisions on 
for southern island ofJolo and foe Sino-Soviet border, 
pereuwted Mr Nur Misuari, ■ On ‘ foe question of hi* 
foe rebel leader, to continue retirement Mr Deng said: “To • 
the fonnjght-oki ceasefire and be quite frank, Tam pereuad-' ' 
begin peace negotiations. ing our people to let me retire 
Finding a solution to foe at the party’s 13th national 
jj? ° f next year. Bat so for, 

£ e w hat I have heard is dissenting 

has .been even high pnonty voices all around.” 
dunng foe first six months of Mr Deng said that Taiwan: 
Mrs Aquinos ad ministr ation, remained a great obstacle in 

Sino-US relations and labelled ■ 
expected to win tier warm as “not true” the US assertion 

R*» 2“ *5* « *e that it was pursuing a potto of 
^^t^P^tweek. “non-mvolvemenr. 

The Icmg-deiayed second 
round of talks with the left- 
wing rebels on Saturday lasted 1 
four hours at an undisclosed 
location in Manila. The first 
meeting was on August S. 

The NDFsk view that a 
ceasefire should be part of a 
comprehensive- political set- 
tlement “differs fundament- 
ally from the immediate' 

ceasefire proposed by tbe gov- 
ernment charmer, which be- 
lieves a ceasefire provides a 
proper climate for substantial 
peace talks, a joint statement 
said. 

The envoys agreed to meet 
again in two weeks. 


Now itfs your turn to say yes. 


Issued by Lasard Brothers & Co., Limited, through the TSB Group Share Information Office, on behalf of the Trustee Savings Banks Central Board. 



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THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1 986 


i 


i 






rc Dengs 

I conditio' 
iio for suiff 


MS 


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SPECTRUM 




The Church of England is ruled 


by the General Synod, a group 
with immense power whose 


decisions affect millions, though 
few churchgoers know its inner 
workings. In the first of a series, 


Charles Moore reveals how this power is wielded, 
assesses its impact on the laity and asks why 
the Synod is so unrepresentative of the movement 

The shadowy 
figures who 
rule from afar 


I t is not generally known that 
the General Synod governs 
many aspects of the Church, 
although its more 
controversial debates and 
decisions are widely reported It 
may be that the Synod is the most 
'important influence in the 
organization, tone and even the 
theology of the modern Church, 
yet it is understood by scarcely 
anyone outside its own member- 
ship. 

The Synod was inaugurated by 
the Queen in 1970. Its total 
membership is 560, divided into 
three houses — bishops, clergy and 
laity. The clergy compose the 
lower houses of the two 
Convocations. 

The laity are elected by deanery 
synods which are themselves cho- 
sen by parochial church councils, 
for which in turn a small minority 
of churchgoers vote. So 
“democracy" is mitigated by a 
good many intermediate stages. 

The result is that the laity which 
takes an interest in the Synod is 
untypical of congregations. It re- 
quires a special sort of mind to 
wish to fulfil the work of the Holy 
Spirit through the machinery of 
the General Synod 
- It also requires a special son of 
occupation. The Synod meets for 
II full days each year. Because 
clergymen are busiest on Sundays, 
most of the sessions have to take 
place on weekdays. They occupy 
full working days. Almost all the 
lay people taking part are either 
rich or old or both, and not 
enough of them have strong 
connections with un ecclesiastical 
occupations. 

Because the Synod is a leg- 
islative body, it needs a proper 
secretariat. Even its most active 
members cannot expect to rival 
the knowledge of its permanent 
staff because, unlike MPs, they 
have a forum for less than two 


weeks of the year. It follows that 
the Synod's paid servants are 
powerful men. It is generally 
acknowledged that one man has 
run the Synod almost from its 
foundation in 1970: Derek 
Pattinson, secretary-general since 
1972. 

Pattinson. who is a bachelor, is 
the pattern, almost the caricature, 
of a discreetly powerful Gvil 
Servant (which is what he was 
before he joined the Synod). He 
has a large head but very small feet 
which emerge from pinstripe trou- 
sers. with the suave manner and 
orderly movements and appear- 
ance of one accustomed to getting 
his way without public attention. 
There is no important work done 
in the Synod without his approval. 

When the Synod meets 
Pattinson is its secretary and 
hesits next 10 the chairman of each 
session surveying the three-quar- 
ter cirde before him and referring 
to a large file containing photo- 
graphs of the members. He under- 
stands the composition of the 
unofficial factions in the Synod — 
Evangelicals, Anglo-Catholics, 
radicals — and advises the chair- 
man whom to call. He is also the 
chief executive. He runs Church 
House, meeting the heads of all its 
departments every Tuesday morn- 
ing. influencing all important 
appointments and sitting on im- 
portant committees. 

His religious and political views 
are naturally subjects of great 
interest to members of the Synod. 
The general opinion is that he is a 
moderately conservative man 
who probably supports the Social 
Democratic Party. In religion, be 
verges on the Anglo-Catholic, but 
tempered with discretion and 
modernism. 

In general, however, it is a 
mistake to look for strongly-held 
prejudices in Pattinson. The 
consistent theme which can be 
discerned in his attitudes is one 


that any student of C Northcote* 
Parkinson would recognize — be 
wants to increase the scope and 
authority of his organization. 

One of the many complaints 
made against MPs by Synod 
activists is that they do not know 
how the Synod works, and never 
witness its proceedings. It is worth 
looking at the sessions of the 
Synod, particularly to compare 
them with those of the House of 
Commons. After all, here is a body 
which has pronounced itself com- 
petent to decide the worship and 
doctrine of the Church ofEngtend. 

C ertainly h is true that the 
standard of debate in the 
Synod is high. Unlike 
Parliament, where time 
is much more pfcntifiil, 
there is generally a time-limit for 
speeches, but each speech is 
listened to respectfully. On a 
subject like the ordination of 
women, where the battle lines 
have long been drawn and feelings 
run both deep and high, most 
debate is predetermined, but in . 
the famous debate on nuclear 
weapons in February 1983, for 
example, the superiority of the 
anti-unilateralist speeches scans 
to have done much to sway a 
Synod which had been thought 
likely to have gone the other way. 

As with most important ses- 
sions, the character of the nuclear 
debate was emotional but polite. 
Where MPs tend to stick either to 
details of policy or to partisan 
insults. Synod members like to 
make large speeches in the name 
of holy things. Canon Paul 
Oestreicher, a familiar figure at 
the Synod and on the inter- 
national pacifist circuit, spoke of 
the need for "holy foolishness" 
and (hinting comparison with 
Green ham Common) the “women 
who went all the way to Golgotha 
with Jesus". 

Emotional appeals of this sort 



A FAITHFUL 
FOLLOWING? 


CHRISTMAS* 


1962 1973 1980 1983 
-f AM 4 790 1-M7 1.818 


SUNDAY ATTENDANCES 


1973 

1,410 


1980. 

1i240 


1983 

1,201 


1962 1973 1980 1983 
2,347 1,684 1,732 1,668 



9 s w ss r s T * 



a a a ™ . «■ w g g m 


All figures in 1,000s 

1201 ,900 of these were infant I 
births in England 1983. 



6 Runcie has admirable qualities 
without achieving greatness 9 

Dr Runcie is extremely well suited to the c u rr en t ideal of an 
active archbishop. He is extremely welt-organised with a 
strong competitive urge which drives him to enormons effort. 
The approved phrase to describe Dr Rnnde’s archbishopric is 
a “listening leadership". There is no doubt that tins works 
better Hub a deaf leadeisisip. And ft is also true, as one of the 
archbishop's former staff points out, that “yon need myopia to 
be a visionary**. 

Dr Runcie is not a visionary and that makes life at Lambeth 
Palace easier. If Dr Runcie is a man who successfully 
combines many admir able qualities without achieving 
greatness in the parts or the whole, it is sensible for him not to 
aspire to heights which he has no hope of attaining . Dr Rnncie 
has neither the ori ginali ty nor the arrogance to phmge the 
Church into a period of precipitate change. He is very keen, 
for example, that lftnrgical experiment should cease. He has 
i&imeiied a u amber of eloquent defences of Oe Bodcsf Com- 
mon Prayer and he is wonied by the division of practiceaad 
doctrine produced by so much liturgical variety. 


Church could conduct a second 
marriage? Apparently not, but nor 
did it think that people had any 
automatic right to a second (or 
third, or fourth) church marriage. 

All the same, the Synod pressed 
ahead and in July 1983, it _ ap- 
proved one of the various options 
for remarriage procedures which 
the Synod's standing committee 
bad proposed. This ■recommenda- 
tion, known as “Option G" , left 
the final decision in each case to 
' the diocesan bishop, but asked the 
parish priest and the couple 
involved to fill out various forms 
which would go before a commit- 
tee and the bishop himself. The 
bishop's decision would be final 
and the couple would pay a fee for 
the service which would be non- 
returnable even if their petition 
was unsuccessful. In November 
1983 the final stage of the process 
necessary to make Option G law 
was passed and the Synod 
congratulated itself. 

At every stage of this process, 
many of those who voted for it 
were uneasy, and yet did so out of 
a curious feeling that the Synod 
should do something. 

It is amusing, for instance, to 
follow the pronouncements of Dr 
Habgood. In 1978, when Bishop of 
Durham, he opposed any form of 
remarriage which distinguished 
between people. In 1981, he 
warned that “any decision to go 
forward with the remarriage of 
■divorced persons would, 1 believe, 
be deeply divisive and would lead 
to very different disciplines being 
exercised in different dioceses, 
mid I think this would be highly 
undeniable". • 

. But in November 1983, .when he 
was by this time- Archbishop'of 


are assured of a good reception in 
the Synod, but the surest path to 
success in debates is to adopt a 
tone of bumble moderation. In- 
deed there is a special adjective for 
it, “eirenic" — meaning peaceful, 
conciliatory, vaguely holy — which 
is constantly used in the Synod as 
the highest term of praise. It was 
predictable that, once the Bishop 
of Salisbury's unilateralist motion 
had been rejected, the Synod 
would look for some compromise. 
It duly adopted the amendment 
moved by Dr Hugh Montefiore, 
Bishop of Birmingham, and de- 
scribed as “eirenic" by Dr John 
Habgood, Bishop of Durham 
(now Archbishop of York), which 
forswore the first use, but not the 


possession, of nuclear weapons. 

An affair which reveals the 
limitations and characteristic 
behaviour is the mailer of the 
remarriage of divorced people in 
church. At the Synod of York in 
July 1981, the Bishop of Win- 
chester moved a motion in re- 
sponse to the diocesan synods 
which declared that there were 
times when a divorced person 
whose husband or wife was still 
living should be allowed to re- 
marry in church. 

The motion was approved but, 
as so often in the Synod, without 
any real agreement about the 
issues involved. Did the Synod 
think that the first marriage had to 
be rendered null before the 


his complaint that the Synods 
1981 had never agreed to the 
principle' that in^jriages^KwfiTbe . 
dissolved, and sayihgof Option G, 
“I simply cannot' imagme. the” 
clergy of .tbp. Church of England 
going through this procedure for. 
any length of time ..." neverthe- 
less insisted that the Church 
should go ahead despite its “fool- 
ish procedure" and “make it work 
honestly”. 

• Sure enough. Option G came to 
grief In between the Synods of 
November 1983 and February 
1984 it was discussed at meetings 
of clergy (the people who would 
have had to work the scheme) of 
almost all the dioceses, and re- 
jected overwhelmingly by almost 
all of them. Dismayed by this, the 
House of Bishops produced a 
revised proposal for the February 
Synod which, not surprisingly, 
gave rather more power to bishops 
than Option G had done. 


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MIDLAND. WHEN YOU NEED US WEIL BE LISTENING 


Inscrutable royals 


China's one bOUon people 
regard Britain's Royal Family 
with a mixture of wonder and 
ignorance, if informal surveys 
are any guide. “Ah, Eliz- 
abeth", exclaimed a Shanghai 
cab driver, who professed to 
know a great deal about the 
Queen's forthcoming visit to 
the People's Republic. “She's 
the British Prime Minister, 
isn't she?" 

Many Chinese appear to be 
aware that women currently 
play a major role in governing 
the United K ingdom and a 
huge number of them are also 
familiar with pictures of 
Charles and Diana from trie- 
vision news reports and the 
country's developing general- 
interest magazines. But most 
have only the dimmest notion 
of who the Windsors are or 
exactly what they do. 

The average Chinese in one 
of his country's major dries 
tends to regard Britain as a 
carious amalgamation of 
democratic and monarchical 

institutions, though Britons as 
indi vidnak are known here for 
their sense of fair play and 
love of sport. 

Such benign attitudes to- 
wards things British have not 
always prevailed m China. For 
most of the 20th centary, 
Britain's colonial role in China 
was lumped together with 
Japan's imperialist iesigns. 
While these sentiments 
largely faded after the ana- 
munist takeover in 1949, a 
popular Chinese movie .of 
recent years. The Burning of 
the Summer Palace, has kept 
them alive for recounting the 
Anglo-French destruction of 
the opulent Yuan Ming Yuan 
palace in Peking 136 years 
ago. 

So it was with a m i ngl ed 
sense of excitement and dread 
that a foreign visitor, while 
browsing in the central book 
store of Yichang (pop. 40,000), 
a former British treaty pot 
along the Yangtze river In 
Hubei province, picked up a 


The role of the 
British Royal 
Family is under 
scrutiny by 
the urban Chinese 


paperback with a cover paint- 
ing of the Prince and Pr in cess 
of Wales with a horse and 
bearing the Chinese title The 
Marriage that Dazzled the 
World. The 163-page book, 
translated into Chinese, is a 
reprinting of an American 
book published in 1981. 

In it Diana is called “a child 
of our generation, from a 
broken borne — beautiful, 
gentle, everything a princess 
should be". Of-Ctorfes the 
book observes: “The Queen 
came across the English edi- 
tion of this book in a Xian 
bookshop. Being In an ancient 
imperial capital of the east 
(Xian was die capital city of 
the powerful Tang dynasty) I 


behaved like all mothers, 
punishing her son when 
naughty and spanking him 
when he was rode to the 
servants". 

In an af te rword the trans- 
lator, Deng Zhnufeng, says: “I 
felt it was a coincidence of 
history to discover a book 
about the lives and loves of a r 
western royal house. 

“Great Britain, which b 
also called the empire which 
never sets [sfej, is one of the 
oldest countries in 
Europe ... England is still 
one of the few monarchies In 
die modern world and the 
Queen of England is the 
supreme ruler. As a Chinese I 
am entranced by toe history of 
my people and have a desire to 
understand the emperors of 
each dynasty in Chinese his- 
tory, and love to hear about the 
goings on withm the palace of 
the feudal emperors. What is 
the inside of the British royal 
house really like?" 

Robert Grieves . 

glkMiHinnmi Ltt, MW 



Like Option G, it insisted on 
restating the Church’s leaching, 
contained in Canon B3G. that 
man-jay, is lifelong, and yet 
devised a procedure for second 
marriage. It also refused to by 
down criteria for remarriage, so 
the problems of “pastoral" dis- 
cretion remained: Indeed, The 
Archdeacon of Ipswich, who car- 
ried through an amendment 
insisting on a lack of criteria, 
actually argued as follows: “If the 
criteria were dearly known, pec* 
pie could truthfully say. *We fit 
into the criteria.” Yet in your 
heart,- you, as the parish priest; 
might be thinking. *77115 is not the 
right couple to be -married- -in 
church’." In other words, the 
“heart" (which could easily be no 
more than the whim) of the parish 
priest should supersede any rule.' 

Without enthusiasm, the Synod 
permitted the house of bishops' 
proposals to go ahead. But as the 
dioceses discussed, more and 
more came to reject the proposais. 
Thirty-two dioceses rejected them 
against 12 accepting. The bishops 
were forced to drop their regula- 
tion. 

T he Synod's solution was 
highly characteristic of 
modern Anglicanism -r 
bishops should be al- 
lowed to permit clergy- 
men who wished to do so to 
remarry divorcees, no clergyman 
being forced to remarry a couple 
against his will. 

The Synod, of course, is at- 
tacked from all sides. In. sections 
of the press, it is thought to be 
dangerously left-wing. Among its 
radical members, it is considered 
stodgy and un visionary- In feet 
however, , it. is not the political 
-position of the Synod nor its 
uninspiring quality, which are its 
' most dangerous characteristics. 

Only one, important theme tuns 
"through the work of the Synod 
centralization. The fecttiiat so few 
’ people know' what .the Genera 
: Synod is, or care to know, suggests 
a form of government extremely 
- distant from most church people. 
And yet the Synod takes advan- 
tage of that distance to expand its 
scope. In matters of worship and 
doctrine, in the organizing of 
parishes, the training of priests 
and the spending of money, the 
Synod has changed the Church 
dramatically and acted in feyour 
of itself. ' 

Extracted from The Church-' in 
Crisis, by Charles ■ Moore. A N 
Wilson and Garin Stamp, published 
by H odder & Stoughton on Septem- 
ber 15 at £6.95. 

Chartn Moon, All WMm anil Onto 
ISM 

TOMORROW ) 

Congregations 
and tiie clergy: 
why they just 
hang on 
to what 
. they’ve got . 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 1048 


ACROSS 

I Exodus leader (S) 

4 Consign (7) 

8 Human trunk (S) 

9 Fighter (7) 

10 Asses5(8) 

11 Breeding stallion (4) 
13 Weather high (If) 

17 Verdant (41 

.18 Sufficient (8) 

21 Imbalance dizziness 

(7) 

22 Get round fS) 

23 Sickness return (7) 

24 Add up (51 


DOWN 

1 Reciprocal! 6) 

2 Jonk(S) 

3 Intermittent (S3 

4 Mongolism (5^) 

5 Skin aperture 14) 

6 Struck {7} 



I . 


7 Angry speech (6) 
12 Fluent (81 

14 Nose opening (7) 

15 Bright (6) 

» 

i 


16 Came to pass (6) 

19 Separate (5) 

20 Tapelike trimming 
(41 


ST 



15 


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THE TIMES MONDA Y SEPTEMBER 8 i 986 

MONDAY PAGE 





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Searching for the new fatherland 


Fathere suddenly seem tn h, n 
central role in the family, sharing the 
^ chores alo ngwith th e invs nfth* 
cjMidrt g,, Libby Pnrves, in the first pf a 
series, asks how accu rate is that imapy 
~ and finds a picture of confusion 


ft? things shake a man up 
more comprehensively' than 
uft news that be is to become a 
fanner. Even an eagerly 
planned embryo can floor him 
utterly: “I had to sit down 
wien she told me”, said one, 
-Then I thought I ought to do 
something. Turn into a father. 
But-,1 didn't know how." \ 

It i$ not surprising that be 
leh so lost. No important 
social image is so blurred and 
confused as that of the father. 
On the one band, ancient 
notions of power and wisdom 
cling around the wont God 
the Father, Father Time, 
Paterfamilias. 

• On the other, the prevailing 
cultural dichi -which ha^ 
grown up in this century is of 
"Dad” as a lovable but inept 
stumbtebum: anxious Mr 
Pooler, getting it wrong with 
his son Lupin in Diary of a 
Nobody, henpecked buffoons 
on comic postcards, working- 
class dads in', sitcoms who 
skulk in the garden shed to 
escape domesticity, and the 
amiable middle-class 
powerlessness of Hunter Da- 
vies in the television series 
Father’s Day. 

And that's the positive side: 
1986 man is also bombarded 
by assertions from the femi- 
nist left that he is not nec-: 
cssary at all, and he must be 
slightly depressed by the rising 
divorce rate. After all, any 
“civilized” divorce involving 
children and maternal custody 
is. by implication, a statement 
that someone in it did not 
believe that a full-time father 
is a priority. 


But hdp is at hand. Cutting 
through all "this confusion 
comes the shining image of the 
New Father the man who is 
there at - the birth, who 
“bonds” with his baby, bathes 
il changes nappies, is not 
afraid to express his tender- 
ness or push a buggy. He may 
even swop roles with his wile 
and let her get back to work. 

The image fades a little as 
the children grow bigger (in- 
deed. a recent sociological 
study of role-reversed couples 
showed that half the families 
bad reverted .to a traditional 
pattern within two years). But 
in the first flush of parent- 
hood, these new men certainly 
fling themselves into it In- 
deed. the divorce boom and 
the New Fatherhood have 
formed an odd alliance to 
produce a uniquely modem 
figure: the man who leaves.his 
first wife and teenage children 
(having been nowhere near the 
birth and never changed a 
nappy), then marries a much 

‘Male tenderness 
towards children 
was not invented 
in the year 1970* 


younger woman and goes 
enthusiastically into the btrth- 
bath-and-potty routine. Many 
a balding figure now haunts 
Mothercare inhislunch-hour 
to the secret ftny, no doubt, of 
his ex-wife. • ... 

Fashions have undoubtedly 


-■V V-" : 


. 


* • V 
■%, - 



- Oh, my Papa: images of fatherhood, from saucy postcards to Michael Maloney in the TV drama. What if it’s Raining 


changed in fatherhood re- 
cently, but it would be an 
arrogant mistake to think — as 
some writers have implied — 
that male tenderness towards 
children was invented about 
1970. For a start the changes 
have been largely concerned 
with birth and babyhood. 

As the child gets older, some 
of the thriD wears off and most 
fathers are out all day: father- 
ing becomes a less intense 
experience, diluted by work 
and weariness; and it could be 
claimed that after the first two 
years much of the New Father- 
hood has levelled 00*10 some- 
thing very much more like the 
old sort 

As Charlie Lewis, of Read- 
ing University, points out in 
his dispassionate -study 


Becoming a Father ; neither 
the myth of the aloof and 
uninvmved father of old. nor 
the hype about the involved 
modern dad, actually holds up 
in the face of research. One 
researcher. Lummis, collected 
the oral history of an East 
Anglian fishing community 
from 1890-1914; the received 
wisdom being that fathers in 
such working-class commu- 
nities "tended to be brutal, 
drunken, and aloof from their 
families — like Walter Morel 
in D.H. Lawrence's Sons and 
Lovers". In fact, Lummis's 
study showed that the fathers 
An that community were very 
much participant, concerned 
members of the household. 

Going back further, you 
have William Cobbett writing 


M eira Chand writes 
books ' about the 
loneliness and diffi- 
culty of crossing cultural 
boundaries. Her first three 
novels collected bouquets of 
praise from the critics — “A 
very distinguished writer in- 
deed ..."wrote A.N. Wilson in 
the Spectator. - • 

. ; Her fourth novel, published 
today*, is the fictionalized 
story of another afienWn -a 
foreign land; Edith Crow.* a 
young English woman who 
fivedin Japan at the end of the 
last century and was tried and 
convicted for the murder of 
her drunken husband. 

Chand says she was hot 
interested .so much in the 
dime as in how a young 
provincial girt from Somerset 
ended up in Yokohama ac- 
cused of murder. But her own 
story is almost as strange. 
How did a half-Swiss, half- 
Iridian girt from south Lon- 
don end up in a small 
industrial town in Japan and 
become an international -nov- 
elist in that , alien culture, 
where wives are seen as 
merely breeders and home- 
makers? 

Meira was bom an outsider. 
Her mother is Swiss, her 
father an Indian doctor. They 
met and married in England 
and Meira went to Putney 
High School in south-west 
London, going on to local art 
schools where she studied 
textile design. Even then, she 
says, the pages of her sketch 
book were half-filled with 
writing. . , „ 

In 1962 she married Kumar 
Chand. “a rather tat Hindu • 
She was 1 9. he was 24 and the 
couple went to live in a typical 
Japanese house, complete 
with paper doors and reed 
mats, in the middle of nee 
fields just outside Kobe, where 
her husband had set up his 


Learning the loneliness of 
the long-distance writer 


The latest book by . 
Meira Chand again 
looks ftt theproblem 
of cultural barriers. 

. Her work is the 
product of her own 
unsettled life 

electronics export business. “I 
was a London art student one 
day and in the middle of rice 
fields the next”, she says. “I 
was terrified, depressed, 
thrown off balance in every 
way and the worst thing was 
the lack of com rmm teaUon.” 

Meira made an effort to 
know her neighbours but in 
those days, travel from Japan 
was restricted, the economic 
miracle hadn't got off the 
ground and a foreigner 
seemed a strange creature: 

T he Japanese would 
come into her home and 
allow her to talkto-them 
in broken Japanese but were 
too sdPconsaous to invite her 
back. “The only friends we 
had were among the Indian 
community”, she says, “so I 
took on two new cultures at 
once”. They moved to Kobe 
when their daughter Anjali- 
was three. Meira got a job at 
one of the international 
schools and enrolled her chil- 
dren in the American school. 

“They wouldn’t have been 
accepted in a Japanese 
school”, she says, “but any- 
way I wouldn't have put them 



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Stranger in a strange land: "born outsider” Meira Chand 


through that rigid educational 
system.” She was beginning to 
build a life when her 
husband's family asked him to 
come home to Bombay. 

- “It was like coming out of 
solitary confinement straight 
into a rugby tackle”. she 
remembers. “1 was catapulted 
into a vast communal family, 
all very loving and affec- 
tionate but with all the in- 
fighting and gossiping a large 
family entails. It was horren- 
dous but underneath ft all, I 
felt the awakening of some- 
thing. a spiritual discovery of 
the Indian pan of me which, I 
realized. I'd rejected. There 
was no way I could express 
that, except in writing.” 

She was in India for five 


years and she wrote and wrote. 
“Just as it was all taking off 
and I was beginning to sell a 
few stories, we had to go back 
to Japan.” 

Meira feels that she has 
always lived betwen different 
spiritual social and cultural 
worlds and * had difficulty 
- bridging each gap. “But it is 
not all negative, Pve survived. 
I'm writing. In the end it has 
all been positive.” 

Her books have been trans- 
lated into almost every lan- 
guage except Japanese. “I'm 
totally unknown in the place 
where I’m writing I think if 
rd been a man it would have 
been different. The position of 
women in Japan is very 
inferior and I am both a 


*r Si^ aav ertisement] 

,ea» 


his Advice to a Father in 1829; 
Cobbett moved to the country 
and worked at home because 
he thought a child should have 
a father in sight; if friends 
asked him to stay without his 
children, be did not go. 

Turn back -further still and 
you find — as Christina 
Hardyment did in her history 
of childcare. Dream Babies — 
the refutation of the arrogant 
modern notion that parents 
used to care less intensely 
about their babies in the dark 
centuries of infant mortality. 
She cites one Puritan father. 
Cotton Mather, who wrote in 
his diary during the measles 
epidemic of 1646: 

“Betwixt 9h and 10b at 
Night, my lovely Jerusha Ex- 
pired. She was two years and 


woman and a foreigner, with- 
out any position of authority.” 

Chand blames Japanese 
women for the awful ness of 
Japanese men. “It is up to 
women to teach their sons to 
respect women”, she says. 
“No Japanese man will take 
any notice of his wife but he 
does not dare disregard his 
mother. Even young men at 
universities will phone their 
mothers to ask if it's cold 
enough to put on a sweater.” 

S he comes to England at 
least twice a year and 
stays in her Chelsea flat, 
but she's prepared to follow 
her husband around the world 
or be left alone while be 
travels. “My husband is an 
Indian and was brought up in 
the Eastern way, so rve had to 
concede to those ideals while 
building my own life. He has 
changed over the years, too, 
and become more supporting 
and proud of what I do.” 

Where would Chand choose 
tb five if she bad the choice? 
“My instant reaction is to say 
Td be happy here in England, 
but after all these years of total 
rootlessness, I wonder if I 
could settle. I do miss Japan 
when rve been away. It's been 
.my home for 25 years and 
there are many things I love. 
Any child of mixed blood 
grows up with tremendous 
feelings of duality. 

“Most of my adult life Tve 
lived in alienated circum- 
stances. The only place where 
any welding of all these dif- 
ferent worlds begins, the only 
[dace I can see what has been 
assimilated, is at a typewriter. 
That's the place where I 
become whole.” 

Shirley Lowe 

(pnw— wwittnin mu— 

The Painted Cage is puMishcd 
by Century today, price £10.95. 


n 555 s are expected to conform to rules and standards laid 

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AnHif vm/d like a copy of these rules for press, poster and cinema 

JEV sen d for our booklet. Ifefre e^ 

The Advertising Standards Authority. / 
We’re here to put it rightV 

ASA Ud..pepL C, Brook House, Torringion Place. London WCIE7HN. 


about seven months old. . . I 
begg'd, I begg'd, that such a 
bitter Cup as the Death of that 
lovely child, might pass from 
me ” 

So let us not pretend that it 
is us, the Me Generation, 
which invented paternal 
tenderness and tears. 

It may be partly true, 
though, that we have had to 
re-invent them. Periodically, 
men retreat into machismo. 
Two savage wars, with tough 
adult male companionship, 
have probably dulled the con- 
ventional British man’s per- 
ceptions of his own tend- 
erness. And Freud did not 
help a lot, either; Hardyment 
points an accusing finger at a 
succession of 20th-century 
ba bycare books which have 


marginalized fathers: either 
fearmlly pointing them out as 
a source of future neuroses — 
with a child “carrying with 
him to the end of his life the 
tags of infantile jealousy and 
fear” — or else brusquely 
relegating Dad to the role of 
untrustworthy nurserymaid. 

Charlie Lewis found (al- 
though he points out that 

‘Most fathers are 
assistants rather 
than partners in 
family childcare 9 


there is. not much research on 
fathers because researchers 
work office-hours) that even 
today, for all the brave talk of 
New Fatherhood, “All but a 
few are assistants, rather than 
partners, in the business of 
child care” 

To have an “assistant” fa- 
ther rather than a foil partner 
may be a drawback for work- 
ing mothers, who end up with 
twojobs instead ofone-and-a- 
halff but if we are just talking 
about fathers vis-4-vis their 
children, it may not matter all 
that much. There is a school of 
thought which says that they 
are essentially different from, 
and complementary to, moth- 
ers. Some psychologists con- 
sider that the father's role is to 
represent a safe halfway-house 
between the security of 
mother and the challenge of 
tbe outside world. Fathers 
play rougher games, have 
louder voices. 

The child psychologist Tom 
Crabtree, even though he 
writes for Cosmopolitan 
magazine and is se l (-confess- 
edly in the business of build- 
ing up the New Man, admits 
that. “1 have this picture of 
man-the-hunter, trooping off 
in single file to kill bison, 
while the women sit at home 
in a family group. Then 1 see 
the men. filing off on the 


commuter train, leaving the 
family group behind. I'm 
afraid they all look pretty well- 
adjusted to me.” 

Progressive though he is. 
Crabtree observes men as 
natural competitors, rather 
than sensitive sharers. He sees 
no evidence of any great 
revolution in fatherhood and 
sex roles having taken placer 
“Oh no. Boys do fashionable 
domestic things at school like, 
cooking and sewing, but they 
arc not told that marriage and. 
children are for keeps. We 
need a job specification for 
fathers; even now. too many 
men don't understand prop- 
erly what the deal is.” 

Good family life sons out 
inequalities: with luck, two 
parents complement one an- 
other. But whai about the 
single-handed faihei? The 
1981 census lotted up 205.860 
lone males with dependents. 
Sue Slipman. of the National 
Council for One Parent Fam- 
ilies, reports that these men 
are around 10 per cent of one- 
parent families, and com- 
ments that they have the 
advantage financially: “Soci- 
ety enables a man to continue 
working, in a way that ft does 
not provide for mothers. 
Neighbours rally round and 
the father will normally be 
able to earn enough to keep on 
the family home." 

However you switch and 
swop, there still seem to be 
two roles to play in a child's 
life: one of them reassuring, 
one challenging and gay. Per- 
haps if there is any point at all 
in the concept of New Father- 
hood. it is that couples fee) 
more free to take turns at 
both. 

gmma Nawapapm Ud, INI 

C WEDNESDAY ) 

Old or young, 
what is it 
that makes a 
good father? 


Ferried off the future 


As I crawled throngh the road 
repairs on Che Ml, the 
thought of die Shamrock 
Restaurant on the B & I 
Liverpool-Dublin ferry 
seemed like the rainbow's 
end. 

I craved its speciality — 
overdone steak, chips, peas 
and half a tomato with pink 
edges — more than anything 
in die world, especially more 
than I wanted to be stack 
outside Northampton with 
every chance of missing the 
boat, the restaurant and the 
nuns queuing up outside the 
duty-free. 

After a while, however, the 
red and white witches* hats 
disappeared from the fast 
lane and I whined down to 
the Liverpool docks in plenty 
of ' time for die 10.15pm 
sailing. But honors awaited. 

The car ferry had been 
fitted out with what a former 
American ambassador to 
Britain called refurbishment 
and the effect was of a mice 
homely middle-aged woman 
who had decided to try out 
false eyelashes and now 
looked a perfect fright. 

Instead of the Shamrock 
iritfc its banquettes and mock- 
tweed coverings looking like a 
provincial Irish hotel cast 
adrift, there was Tuskar Res- 
taurant done up to the nines 
with decor - room dividers 
with wavy tops, space-age 
lighting and, worst of all, a 
serve-yomsdf arrangement 






( PENNY A 
V PERRICK J 

just like an office c ante en . 

“Chef will look after you”, 
I was told bat there was little 
chef could do but point his 
spoon at metal containers of 
limp broccoli, ancient looking 
joints and bright orange cro- 
quette potatoes. 

An apologetic air hung over 
the place. When I asked for 
mineral water, the waiter 
explained miserably that it 
wasn't Perrier bat *onfy 
Ballygowan”, which is 
Ireland's own designer water 
and markedly superior to any 
other. 

I was allowed wine with 
my pretentious dinner but not 
a whiskey until tbe ship 
sailed - even though liquor 


was clearly being drunk in the 
adjoining bar. 

There was a time on the 
night crossing to Dublin when 
students with backpacks, 
priests returning to their par- 
ishes and families over on a 
visit to elderly parents sat 
around on deck, produced a 
couple of guitars and went 
through the whole repertoire 
of Irish folk songs. Now the 
area is set out like a shopping 
mall with signs directing yon 
to the Rockadell Disco and 
the cinema. Not a song to be 
heard; only the stewardess's 
voice coming over the mega- 
phone directing people to tbe 
Suparest Lounge, although 
this was once just the room 
containing the Pullman seats. 

My chief worry was that I 
would find Ireland as tarted 
up as a B & I boat but, when 
we docked the next morning, 
it was dear that it wasn't. 
Cows still munched alongside 
tbe road to the west, coffee 
was still served in a pitch- 
dark lounge in Ballinasloe 
and, when I went shopping, 
the cost of my purchases was 
still written down on a handy 
scrap of paper and labori- 
ously added np - correctly, 
too, which is more than can be 
said for electronic cash reg- 
isters. 

1 think the Irish may be the 
first people to have seen the 
future and decided that it 
doesn't work, and to have 
wisely bong on to the past 


Unhelpful 

inquests 

From Mrs Pamela: H. White. 
Stodday. Lancaster. 

For more ’than 25 years I have 
been counselling parents and 
offspring in Peter Barnard's 
situation (August 27) and I am 
amazed at the naivety (and 
cruelty) of parents who sud- 
denly gain an interest In the 
finer details of tbeir child's 
course of study after the 
results have been released. 

On the day the GCE O level 
results were published, I had 
diflkolty in coping with dis- 
traught parents- Left alone 
with a 16-year-ohl for a few 
minutes, the problems and 
difficulties can be identified 
and resolved, alternatives dis- 
cussed and future action 
planned. Parents who go on 
and on about how dis- 
appointed they are about 
Johnny's results do nothing to 
hdp, and the trauma for the 
young person is made worse. 

Success in GCE O levels is 
not necessarily an appropriate 
answer for everyone — indeed, 
many successful careers com- 
mence with failure at this 
stage in life. 



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THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 



THE TIMES 
DIARY 

Spitting on 
the image 

The satirists behind ITVs Spitting 
Image enjoy conjuring grotesque 
portraits of others but now would 
they take to an expose of their own 
failings? Not well it seems. John 
Lloyd, producer of the series, 
threw a wobbly when he read the 
draft of journalist Lewis Chester’s 
forthcoming Tooth & Claw, the 
Inside Story of Spitting Image, 
which reveals that puppet-maker 
Roger Law once became so dis- 
gruntled that he attacked Lloyd in 
a hotel bar. Chester also claims 
damagingly that Lloyd at one time 
wanted to be a co-presenter to 
Esther Rantzen and confessed to a 
TV producer: “I’ve always wanted 
to be famous." Lloyd tells me: 
“When I read the draft I thought it 
must be a parody. The portrait of 
me as an elegant public schoolboy 
turned 'naughty mandarin' is not 
at all my self-image. I've never 
wanted to be famous." Only, it 
seems, the absurdity of a satirist 
squealing about his treatment has 
prevented his taking the matter 
beyond a gentle word with the 
publisher. Faber. In fearless Spit- 
ting Image style, Faber has ig- 
nored him and publishes next 
month. 

Driving seat 

David Steel takes on an exciting 
freelance job this week: test- 
driving the soon-to-be-launched 
Jaguar XJ40 up the glens and 
round the lochs of remotest Scot- 
land. He will be one of the first 
people outside Jaguar to put the 
car through its paces, and his 
verdict will appear in the pages of 
Autocar magazine. The boy won- 
der likes fast cars. Driving from 
Scotland to London in the late 
1970s. I recall he was stopped for 
speeding . An understanding con- 
stable accepted his excuse: he was 
in a hurry to see Jim Callaghan to 
set up the Lib-Lab pact. 

• The British Museum has just 
acquired a primitive Madagascar 
house, made of straw and need, in 
preparation for an exhibition on 
the island this November. The 
only problem is that the thing has 
arrived in kit form, and no one at 
the museum knows how to as- 
semble it. 

Gloves, please 

Two years after the GLCs arts 
chairman. Peter Pitt, said it was 
time that London's South Bank 
hosted some genuinely workings 
class pastimes such as snooker and 
judo, the unthinkable is about to 
happen. The Queen Elizabeth 
Hall, venue for the London Mo- 
zart Players and the Andre Previn 
Music Festival, is to echo to the 
sounds of the ringside. During the 
early hours of September 28 it will 
screen, by satellite from Atlantic 
City. Donald “Cobra" Curry v 
Lloyd Honeyghan fighting for the 
world welterweight boxing title. 
Thus, less than six months after 
taking over, the wickedly elitist 
South Bank Board will have filled 
the QEH with precisely the kind of 
customers that Peter Pitt wanted. 

BARRY FANTONI 



*1 had bo idea she was 
a Lowry collector' 

Wait and see 

An explanation reaches me for the 
delay in finding a new Bishop of 
Oxford. Speculation is rampant in 
dog-collared circles that neither of 
the two names put forward by the 
Crown Appointments Commis- 
sion at the end of May was 
acceptable 10 Mrs Thatcher. It is 
more likely. I understand, that the 
post — one of the most influential 
in the Anglican communion — 
has already been offered and 
turned down. Sources in Oxford 
sax the Bishop of Kensington. 
Mark Santer. said no. perhaps 
because of his commitment to the 
Anglican Roman Catholic Inter- 
national Commission. Santer this 
weekend refused to comment. 
Now. doubtless still mindful that 
the Prime Minister would wel- 
come a conservative counter- 
weight to the Bishop of Durham in 
the General Synod, the appoint- 
ments commission is being forced 
to meet again. 

Cash crop 

The great British public has come 
to the aid of Les Attwell and John 
Case, the luckless Somerset farm- 
ers who fell victim this summer to 
a hippy convoy's invasion. Tele- 
\ ision pictures of a tearful Attwell 
surveying his trampled crops pro- 
voked an outcry, and donations 
poured in from all over the 
country. The two farmers have 
shared a £2.076 cheque which will 
cover about 80 per cent of their 
legal fees and the cost of damage. 
Life has evidently returned to 
bucolic normality for Atrwdl. 

, When I first phoned yesterday he 
was out tending hi$ sheep: when I 
called back, he was diverted from 
spiking to me by an unexpected 
delivery of straw. pjjg 


After the Karachi and Istanbul outrages, Robert Fisk explains the 
killers’ aims; Gerald Frost (below) analyses changing US policy 

Why retaliation won’t work 


Nicosia 

The principal aim of the Middle 
East’s latest hijackers' and killer 
squads is to shock the world into 
violent retaliation for their deeds, 
to involve the western powers —or 
Israel - in an operation of such 
devastating consequences that the 
whole delicate stnicture of peace 
talks and moderation in the region 
is destroyed. 

So far. the murderers at Karachi 
and Istanbul, presumably working 
for the renegade Palestinian Abu 
Nidal. are on their way to achieve 
their ends. They have already 
brought forth a pledge of revenge 
from Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
prime minister, concern among 
the Italians that the Americans are 
again going to bomb Libya; and 
editorials on both sides of the 
Atlantic demanding “massive 
military retaliation". That is pre- 
cisely the gunmen's aim. 

The equation is quite simple. 
There are more than enough 
desperate men — most of them 
Palestinian — among the wretched 
camps of Beirut. Sidon, Tyre and 
in the suburbs of Damascus and 
Amman to send on such terrible 
missions. Ever since the Palestine 
Liberation Organization was 
driven from Beirut after being 
surrounded by the Israelis, tire 
suicidal killers have been an 
inevitable development. 

The battle of Beirut in the 
summer of 1982 was the last 
opportunity the Palestinians were 
given to fight for their cause 
against the Israelis. When that 
ended in failure, the radical 
Palestinians were bound to take 
their guns into the airport depar- 
ture lounges, the vulnerable 
American airliners that circum- 
navigate the globe and, most awful 
of all. into the places of worship of 
their own fellow-Semites. 

it is, of course, a natural 
emotion to call for revenge. Why 
should those who sponsor such 
atrocities not be punished? The 
past 38 years in the Middle East, 
however, suggest that history does 
not always share the same precepts 
of natural justice. Indeed, it is 
difficult to recall a single instance 
when the principle of retaliation 
produced anything more than 
further bloodshed. 

Year after year, Israel has 


retaliated for the attacks made 
upon it or upon its citizens by 
Palestinians. It has carried out 
hundreds of air raids on Lebanon^ 
made punitive raids into villages 
and towns, crossed more than 
2.000 miles of Mediterranean sea 
to bomb the PLO's headquarters 
in Tunis and even staged two full- 
scale military invasions of Leba- 
non to rout out whaf Menachem 
Begin in 1978 described as .“the 
evil weed of the PLO”. 

The Israelis presented all these 
operations as proof that military 
retaliation works; but as a deter- 
rent it has failed. In the years 
before Israel invaded Lebanon 1 in 
1982 its air force regularly bombed 
the Palestinians in the Bekaa 
Valley and at Damour and Sidon. 
The invasion that followed cost 
thousands of lives — including 
those of more than 600 Israelis — 
but today the Israeli air force is 
back again, routinely bombing the 
Palestinians in the Bekaa and in 
Damour and Sidon, as before. 

The Arabs, and some Israelis as 
well ask a simple question: What 
was gained? As ' preventive as- 
saults, designed to delay Palestin- 
ian attacks, they may have had 
limited success. But as a policy, 
they have proved hopeless — even 
if the western world is still 
encouraged to think otherwise. 

The moral argument about the 
retaliatory policy is more com- 
plex. If a nation warns to retaliate 
for the slaughter at Rome and 
Vienna airports last Christmas, it 


finds that one of the gunmen 
claims he wants to retaliate for the 
. massacre of Palestinians at Sabra 
and Charila.' Indeed one of them 
said be was in Charila at the time 
ofthe killings. - 

Yet Sabra and Chatila were, 
themselves the work of pro-Israeli 
Lebanese Christians who wished 
to revenge themselves upon 
Palestinians who had attacked and 
-murdered in their mountain vil- 
lages and who contributed to the 
political situation in which the 
Christian president-elect, Bashir 
Gemayel had just been killed. 

The Palestinians had attacked 
those villages because they saw the 
Christians as. allies of the Israelis 
who now occupied their land in 
the West Bank, and Gaza and — in 
many Palestinian eyes — m the 
Israeli siate itself They were still 
outraged by the much earlier 
massacre of Palestinians by 
Menachem Begin's Iigun at the 
village of Dei r Yassin in 1948. The 
Jews of Palestine remembered 
earlier atrocities by Arabs. 

The Cycle goes back even fur- 
ther. But it can end only if one side 
or the other can carry out a final, 
all-embracing retaliation which 
will correct all past wrongs;, and 
that, the Arabs say, is npt going to 
happen. The murderers at Karachi 
and Istanbul realize this afmosras 
much as those who control them, 
be they the followers of Abu Nidal 
or the still darker intelligence 
services — for there are many of 
them within each Arab state — in 


Libya, Syria, Iran or elsewhere. 

In the end, the West is likely to 
reduce, the number of such atroc- 
ities by still further security mea- 
sures and by catching those 
responsible rather than after 

they have committed their crimes.. 

The real battle a g a i n st the 
gunmen, however, must in- 
evitably be waged by their own 
people. It is the Palestinians who 
will ultimately have to crush'tfte 
Abu Nidals of this world. To do 
that, they will need credibility and 
support from the West. They will 
need a political settlement which 
accommodates the aspirations of 
the Palestinians — whether or not 
they are PLO supporter s — as well 
as of the Israelis. To refuse them 
this is one- of the aims of Abu 
Nidal's killers: which is why they 
want to see the policy of retali- 
ation continued. 

The Americans believed they 
were' entitled to bomb Libya last 
April as a result of alleged Libyan 
involvement in the West Benin 
disco bombing. To the Arabs so 
opposed to America, however, the 
lesson was different; in their eyes, 
the Tripoli air raids proved that 
the Americans had accepted their 
own declaration of war. And that 
war is now on, a conflict without 
apparent rand, and of cruel and 
fearful dimensions. A further raid 
on Libya, or a Moody retaliatory 
strike by Israel is likely to provide 
proof to the cruel men behind 
these deeds that they have been 
successful 



Gan we expect 
Reagan to 
ask us first? 


Terror victims. One «f those injured when hijackers opened fte 
on board the Pan American airftaer at Karachi arrives 
at Frankfort in a US' Air Force transport plane. Below, m oU man 
killed with 20 others as be worshipped in the Tarldsh synagogue. 
Do those responsible hope to provoke a violent response? - 


What impact . would renewed 
American action against Libya 
have on US-European relations? 
.As President Reagan hears the 
report of his special envoy, Ver- 
non Walters, on his talks last week 
with the Nato allies, it is instruc- 
tive to examine how Europeans 
reacted last April to the bombing 
of Tripoli and Benghazi 

Their reactions corresponded to 
an emerging pattern of relations 
between the US and Europe, the 
significance of which only Mrs 
Thatcher among European leaders 
showed signs of glimpsing 

The judgement of most leaders 
and opinion formers was that the 
bombing was further evidence 
that America comports itself in 
such a way as to endanger itself its 
allies and world peace generally. 
The view is overlaid by dis- 
approval of the crudities of US 
foreign policy, and of its alleged 
lack of historical and cultural 
perspective. 

Marked traces of such an atti- 
tude could be found in a little 
reported speech on July IS by the 
Foreign Secretary. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, in which, without naming 
the US. he warned of the dangers 
of “abuse of strength", “strong- 
arm tactics" and “over-reaction". 

The apologists in Europe for US 
policies generally assert that dis- 
plays of anti-Americanism will 
encourage American anti- 
Europeanism. In particular, they 
say anti-Americanism will help to 
produce .American isolationism, 
which in turn will fuel the anti- 
Americanism which helped bring 
it about. 

This argument has been well 
rehearsed. It is recognized even by 
some critics of the American 
bombing of Libya, though there is 
no evidence that public opinion 
has understood the dangers likely 
to arise from a recasting of 
American strategic priorities. 

There is no public recognition of 
these dangers because no major 
public figure has attempted to 
describe them with any cogency. 
Thev are the kind of subject about 


which one doesn't talk in front of 
the children, for fear of cauring 
unnecessary anxiety. 

- The argument expressed above 
is • normally couched in terms 
which suggest that America, hav- 
ing been frustrated and opposed by 
ungrateful and ambivalent allies, 
will retreat behind the boundaries 
of Fortress America. 

However, there is a pattern of 
events going back at least to the 
invasion of Grenada in 1983 which 
suggests that events will take a 
quite different course. This gives 
reason to suppose that America 
might indeed, for a period, become 
isolated in the sense of lacking 
reliable allies, but not, it should be 
stressed, in the sense of becoming 
introverted, regionally-fixated, 
parochial or too weary with an 
incomprehensible uni verse to want 
to play any active or inter- 
ventionist role in it. 

The phenomenon of an America 
that is both extrovert, inter- 
ventionist and isolated may be 
new. but it is something which 
Europe may have, to learn to 
contend with. It is an outcome that 
may ultimately force Europeans to 
free up to hard choices that in 
many instances they have pre- 
ferred to ignore. 

In the case of Grenada, and of 
last year's interception of the 
Egyptian airliner carrying the 
Achille Lauro hijackers, as well as 
the bombing of Libya. America 
acted alone, although in the last 
instance it enjoyed British assis- 
tance. In the cases of Grenada and 
the airliner interception, many of 
those originally hostile have 
changed their minds (a British 
minister came as close to admit- 
ting an error of judgment over 
Grenada as pride permits). 

The lesson that Reaganite 
America is likely to draw is 
obvious. Even when the allies, can 
agree that a common Western 
interest is at ride, their advice 
about how to proceed may amount 
io no more than a tedious irrele- 
vance and nuisance. It may be 
better not to seek it in the first 



place. If the US action succeeds in 
its objectives, much European 
opinion will be won round; if not, it 
must- be accepted that risks are 
inherent in such endeavours. 

Having finally discovered that it 
is better to be respected than to be 
liked, America is evidently much 
less impeded or discouraged by 
lack of European support. More- ■ 
over, having diminished the force 
of the oft-made charge of military 
incompetence by the success of its 
actions in Grenada and Libya — 
evidence of which, it is true. -may 
not yet be judged to be conclusive 
— the US has demonstrated its 
ultimate frith in Machiavellfs 
dictum that good armies have good 
friends. It has also shown its 
awareness that armies that ate 
slow to the field are likely in the 
end to have inconstant friends or 
no friends at all 

The lesson which American 
public opinion may be drawing of 
course goes far beyond the re- 
sponse to terrorism. Si nee March 
1983 when Reagan launched his 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
project (Star Wars) on an 
unsuspecting world, America has 
been wooing, urging, persuading 
and cajoling its allies over the case 
for ballistic missile defence. The 
benefits in terms of practical 
support have been very small 
Although the consequences .of the 


recent pattern of American inter- 
vention sbouldnot be exag ge ra t ed, 
the likelihood is that America will 
now be highly, selective about the 
advice it seeks and more doubtful 
about the value of consultation. It 
may also display a more differen- 
tiated response to its allies on the 
basis of friendship given in extre- 
mis. 

After all if America had in- 
sisted on a united European 
response to Libyan terror, it-woukl 
not even have received British 
assistance. Where denied support 
for its objectives it w3L be increas- 
ingly prepared to act alone in 
direct defiance of its allies’ wishes. 

Europeans have long com- 
plained that America does not 
understand the complexities of 
European politics- The ability of 
European political elites to under- 
stand the changes taking place in 
American attitudes, -and the im- 
plications that may flow from 
them, will be a test of European 
judgement Inany event, in its new 
mood of lonely, if confident, 
assertiveness and independence, 
America shows evidence that 
“isolationism" may take a very 
different form from that about 
which we have heard so much. 

Gerald Frost is director qf the 
Institute 

Strategic Studies. 


“If! had to ban anything in life. I'd 
ban shaving. I'm annoyed by the 
sheer time it lakes." This 
announcement by the politician 
and novelist Jeffrey Archer in the 
Sunday Times recently set me to 
wondering. At first glance, it is a 
sentiment that many would echo, 
but what does the man mean, 
exactly? 

Given such autocratic power 
(and the way Archer's career has 
been going, anything is possible), 
would he really ban the ritual daily 
depilation of all adult males, thus 
rendering the “fiiUset" de rigueufl 
I severely doubt iL Or does he 
mean that he would exercise his 
considerable clout and call on 
govern mental pharmacists to pro- 
duce a pill that would obviate the 
act of shaving altogether? This I 
doubt even more. 

I do not believe that a depilatory 
cream would be seen to be 
acceptable: facial hair being a 
frightfully famous secondary sex- 
ual characteristic, and associated 
as exclusively with the male ofthe 
species as is. well — balding, rather 
oddly. 


I’d lather have 
some whiskers 


So if Archer so much resents the 
time required for shaving (and he 
has a point here: 60 hours a year, I 
reckon — one and a half working 
weeks) why does he not simply 
stop? Because, he might reply, be 
has no desire to look like Santa 
Claus all the year round. 

But here. I think, we have 
arrived at the nub of the matter to 
be clean-shaven is seen to be 
natural and normal but as we all 
know it is only natural to the 
female (who. for self-evident rea- 
sons. is seldom referred to as being 
clean-shaven), and it is seen to be 
normal only because most men 
spend 10 minutes a day removing 
the natural growth in order to 
emulate the female complexion. 

If the larger proportion of 
women in the country suddenly 
started rubbing their faces with 


■f 4 


hair restorer, it might strike one or 
two of us as bizarre, but the 
reversal of the process in men is 
seen to be perfectly usual — 
indeed, desirable. 

Many men resent the time spent 
on shaving each day, as they do 
the pain incurred to a sensitive 
throat by the raspings of an 
electric razor, followed by the tear- 
making application, of astringent 
and expensive unguents ("balm”) 
— to say nothing of the threat to 
life itself if using a blade. But this 
daily ordeal must be endured if 
“normality" is the end in sighL A 
bearded man, of course, is quite 
regularly interrogated as to why he 
grew the tiling, or as to what he's 
hiding; or ifhe has ever considered 
shaving it off; or if it makes him 
hot (no one ever asks if one's hair 
makes one hot). 


The truth is that a beard is one 
of tire few tilings in life that may be 
achieved by doing absolutely 
nothing. One does not grow one; 
one simply gives up ihe battle of 
keeping it at bay. The rest just 
happens. It is then just trimmed 
from time to time, along with 
one’s hair - an approach not 
dissimilar to gardening: lawns and 
shrubs are cut and pinned to the 
desired length, and not tom up by 
the roots at the first sign of life. 

Nor is the bearded man vain 
enough to stare at himself In a 
mirror . for 10 minutes every 
morning, while hurting his free; he 
has better things to do with his 
money than buy razors and lo- 
tions. And he will never ever run 
the risk of appearing stubbly at the 
breakfast, table, nor — as the day 
wears on — displaying five o’clock 
shadow. 

Why. Jeffrey Archer goes on 
.with it all I really can't imagine. 
After all — Shakespeare didn’t. ' 

Joseph Connolly 


Anne Sofer 


Matching Eton 



How - looking ahead to the 
Britain of the 21st century - op 
the independent schools, see tbar 
role? I can imagine four common ■ 
answers, depending on the tra- 
ditions . and .philosophy ol tne 
particular school 

preserving academic excellence, 
some will say, stressing high 
standards, endeavour, keepmgtne 
lamp of learning alive. Others, 
keener to emphasize pluralism, 
diversity and freedo m , will talk 
about grring parents a choice. 

A third answer w31 concentrate 
on educational innovation, new 
challenges, new courses. And a 
fourth will reply in terms of the 
needs of the personality of the 
maturing adolescent, of the school 
as a caring society with certain 
values which it hopes to pass on. 

It is not possible to quarrel with 
any of this. And having visited a 
number of independent schools 
recently. I would concede without 
carping that many of them mean 
what they say, work hard at it, and 
produce good results. 

So let me go on to another 
question. Is there any reason why 
all of this should not be available 
even to children whose parents 
can’t pay, or who don't do well in 
IQ tests? 

That, I will be told politely, is 
really two questions. To the first, 
most independent schools now frll 
over themselves to insist that they 
would positively welcome more 
bright children from poor social 
backgrounds. They mil tell you 
about their bursaries, and about 
the son of an unmarried office 
deaner who has just got a scholar- 
ship to Oxford. After all isn't that 
what the assisted places scheme is 
ail about?' 

To the second part of the 
question there is usually a long 
silence, and then a regretful reply. 
Yes, of- course children of all 
abilities need . these things, but 

well so far as their particular 

school is concerned they do not 
really have the necessary exper- 
tise. But of course they have the 
greatest admiration for their col- 
leagues in the comprehensive 
schools who are struggling in very 
difficult circumstances . . . 

Now I cannot help wondering 
whether the founders of these 
independent schools would have 
been satisfied with this reply. 
Many of them were the educa- 
tional pioneers and innovators of 
their time. Seripga crying need to 


light beacons of knowledge and 

understanding in a dark wilder- — — — 

ness of ignorance and illiteracy, kS 

they worked night and day to. keep *Wght be resolved if aU schools 
the fires fed. They did not see 
themselves as marginal. 

. So let jne retum and rephrase 
,tny original question.. Are .the 
independent schools interested-in 
helping to solve .the educational 
probfeths of out time? . . " 

- What those 'problems ate juts 
'become almost a matter -of con- 
sensus:' the' poor attainment Of all 


were to become voluntary-aided, 
with the status of both indepen- 
dent and county, school abolished 
An schools would be autonomous, 
nonrselective and. accountable fi- 
nally'. to their governors rather 
than ~ file - local -education au- 
thority-. ;=.and non-fee-paying. 
The author is a member if theStiP 
national committee- 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 



spin on 



Nowadays sports miters have to 
know as much about the law as 
’about sport, but we believe we are 
■the only column employing a full- 
time lego! reporter to bring you 
details of current sports trials. 
Today, an extract from an exceed- 
ingly interesting cricket case. 

Vic Didley^ the England Test 
batsman, claims he was wrong- 
fully given out during a recent 
crucial county match and is suing 
umpire Len PiUey for wrongful 
dismissal Yesterday ' Len Pilley 
took the stand 

Prosecution: Your name 'is Leon- 
ard Pilley? 

PiUey: Yes, and there are six balls 
-to come. 

Prosecution; Thank you. You are 
an umpire by trade? 

PiUey: Being an umpire is not a 
trade. It is a holy calling, beyond 
good and . evil, concerned only 
with the search for truth. ' 
Prosecution: Very like being a 
barrister, perhaps? 

Pilley: Not from what 1 have seen 
in this court. {Uproar) You look 
hoL by the way. Like me to-take 
your jersey for you? . . - 

Prosecution: No. thank you! Now, 
on the 18th June, you .were 
umpiring in the match between 
Bensonshire and Natwestshire. 
were yon not? 

Pilley: Yes. It was a cool after- 
noon, with not many spectators, 
and Bensonshire had declared at 
lunch for J97 for 3. Lunch was a 
cold chicken salad with rather 
unpleasant salad; cream from a 
bottle, followed by rhubarb tart. 
Ai l-52 play recommenced and 
Vic DhUey came out to open the 
Nazwestshire-miiingsL 

Prosecution: You have a remark- 
ably good memory. MrPilley. - 
PQley: I have to. When I . retire 
from umpiring. I hope to make a 
living as an* after-dinner speaker 
on the cricket dub circuit, telling 
racy sporting anecdotes. 

Prosecotion: Like Red True- 
man's? 

Pilley: Not as long as hi* 
ProseatiMMc Now, ' we have 
reached the point where Mr 
Didley has arrived to free the first 
ball. Gould you perhaps describe 
what happened next? • 

PQley: Yes. Phil Bidley came up 
for the first delivery and I yelled 
“No.baUT ' 

Prds«sciitU»: Wby was that? 

PQley: He had forgotten to give 
me bis. sweater .to .hold. That 
counts as disrespect to an umpire. 
Prosecution: And tire next ball? 


PQley: The. next ball was a goqd- 
length long hop which Didley tried 
to dash for four, succeeding only 
-in giving it a tickle; he was caught 
by the wicket keeper .and I gave 
him put 

Prosecution: How did ypu know 
he had touched the ball?. 

PQley: l could hear it 
Prosecution: But surely you could 
not hear such a small noise above 
the screaming of the appealing 
fielders? 

PQley: Nowadays the fielders; do 
..not actually make a noise, while 
appealing. This is dubbedin later 
by the television technicians.. . . 
Prosecution: Well how could you 
bear such a small noise above the 
shouting of the crowd the 
colourful Caribbean calypso 
chanting of the West . Indian 
supporters and the sickening racist 

Test match. At a courrtymatch all 
you can hear is-the sighing of the 
spectators and the moaning ofthe 
'English selectors. 

' Prosecution: L see. Now could you 
' perfaaps tell rus what sort, .of 
equipment a modern umpire has 
to have with him? ■ 

PQley: Well apart from all the 
hats, coats and sweaters, and the 
six stones to count the balls with, 
we have to have light meters, 
humidity meters, pocket bar- 
ometers, wind gauges, walkie- 
talkie radios and first-aid kits. Not 
to ' mention heavy-duty, chrono- 
meters. . v 

Prosecution: And gHgeroounters? 
PQleys Since Chernobyl yes. - 
Prosecothm: The weight of all tins 
equipment must be considerable. 
PQley: It’s very heavy, yes.. 

Prosccmhm: Very noisy, too. 
Pajey: Oh, yes. Always clicking 
and ticking away. ... . 

prosecution: And yet you -expect 
this court to believe that, bent 
ovct as you were, and deafened by 
the sound of your own equipment. 
you were able to hear a tiny dick 
twenty-two yards away?-l submit 
to you, Mr PiHey, that you heaid 
nothing of the sort! 

PQley {breaking down): Oh God 
it s true. 1 I haven’t been able to 
nearanything for years! I've been 
bluffing all along! 
appeal against the light! This 
court-room is far too dark to 
continue! 

Judge: Appeal overruled 
(After this sensational develop" 
mem, there is more to come 
tomorrow when Vic Didley him- 
self takes the stand.) 





but the top 25 per ccni; the 
disinclination of the majority of 
children to. continue with their p 
education beyond - the -statutory 
leaving a y, the alienation, lack of 
confidence ami misery of Iwge 
numbers of adolescents; the fret 
that we have become a multi- 
racial society without feeing the 
implications of that feel 
. Conventional wisdom within, 
the state sector is that the indepen- 
dent schools have nothing to otter 
towards solving these pro blem s. 
At its crudest it could be summed 
up in the slogan: “Keep Out, You 
Snobs!” Understandable though it 
is, it is precisely this attitude that 
haslet the independent schools off 
the hook all these years. My own 
judgment would be that although 
they have managed to insula^, 
themselves -from . most . of the 
problems, they do have expertise; 
which could make a significant 

contribution. . . , ' 

After all, they have had the 
benefit, which the state schools 
have not for the past seven years, 
of stability, continuity, enough 
books and equipment, -small 
Masses- It would be a disgrace, if 
they bad not developed new skills 
jinri insights into the processes of 
learning. Don’t some of them feel 
tempted to have a go? 

In fret, of course, many, erst* 
while independent schools we 
now in the. mainstream, '--.and 
making an important contribu- 
tion. I can think of a local example 
— started over 100 years.ago by a 
pioneer of girls’ education, later 
absorbed by the London County 
Council as a grammar school, -and 
then in 1976 becoming one of the 
first “ mini " comprehensives, at a 
time when the pundits 'were saying 
(as, they still are) that such a 
thing was a contradiction in ierms. 

And there are independent 
schools that do want to share the 
problems of the state sector; that 
admit a comprehensive intake-and 
take special trouble with- disturbed 
and difficult children. Some of 
these have in the past hoveredph 
the brink. of applying for vol- 
untary-aided status. . . 

falling -rolls and financial con- 
straints have made these possible 
overtures, irrelevant in recent 
years, buta national drive towards 
better relations between the two 
sectors might revive them. 

Peter Newsam, former educa- 
tion officer of the Inner London 
Education Authority, recently sug- 
gested in a deceptively jokey 
article in the Times Educational 



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TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Te lephone: 01-481 4100 

^vS^IMust not succeed 


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• v l k % i 


General Vernon Wallers. ^xVwi ^ ^ V: ^ 

President Reagan’s spedS J? lS®S “RJ** 1 ?* "*>>" 

W3ta^?J*S5 11115 

osamast EHS^f 
B5.ai.awr- 

The traffTK nien. Secunly measures at 

raSi hSfn^n^S. 1 ^ *** ai n»rts need to be com- 
rfthc ***? crue 1 ! t ? prehensive but the minds of 

of the massacre m Istanbul those in chanas need to he 
have happened just when the fEEfe" 
world seemed to be staging J™* . , n t 

something of a recovery from Moreover, for all the tragic 

this disease of the later Twenti- ^sequences of the crime, the 
etfr Century. That it should £? kJStani government and the 
A have suffered a relapse will *? n A ™ crew ensured at least 
^ come as no surprise The the fiunmen faM 10 

ruthless fanatic, careless of his S u f v f. t 5® ir objective, 
own survival, is a difficult Thal krad determmanon 
organism to eradicate or even l u USt r ^ m . ain _ ^ central 
deter. But one can make life °£. “V. “<“«»- 

difficult for him and we haw H™" 5 * Pdf* of*' 

dearly not yet made it difficult Jmd heaped upon Patetan by 

enough. What is to be done? “f, Sill 

One thing that governments 

should not do is to kw. their me tit in Harare, is therefore 

destructive and unhelpful 

tion and dissent. This is sadly Meanwhile in Jerusalem 
what has happened in the wake yesterday the Israeli Cabinet 
of both events this weekend, broke up in disarray, divided 
That the Pakistan authorities by the murders in the Istanbul 
b have not yet perfected their synagogue, at a time when they 
• counter-terrorist techniques should be united. If the co- 
was obvious from the moment alitjon allows itself to be split 
that the hijackers boarded the by a crisis of this kind it is 
plane. Nor can the authorities awarding the terrorists half the 
look back with any pleasure on victory they crave -and if the 

what followed thereafter. faltering Middle East jjeace 

Similar doubts surround the process is halted for similar 
decision of the Pan American reasons - their triumph is total 

crew to abandon ship, thus In ihe end the only way to beat 

immobilising their Boeing and l J) e gunmen is to ensure that 
stranding the terrorists — but they do not succeed, 
at the cost of further This is not to argue the case 
destabilising the situation. A ir- against retaliation should fe- 
lines like the Pakistan army raeli intelligence identify those 
and Karachi aiiport need to responsible. But the difficulty 
' look at their tactics again of doing that is notorious. 


\:.‘a’s Kinr 

>pin o; 

rv side 


The British Medical Associ- 
ation has published what it 
claims is new evidence to show 
how the tobacco industry is 
recruiting new people to 
smoke through advertising. A 
case of stating the obvious? 
Not if we are to beljeye the 
tobacco industry, which has 
long claimed that advertising 
enables competing cigarette 
companies only to bid for each 
other's market AH the varied 
advertisments for food, h says, 
do not increase food consump- 
tion, so why should cigarette 
advertisements lead to more 
people smoking - particularly 
when the industry has con- 
tracted by 28 per cent? 

It would be extremely diffi- 
cult to sustain the industry's 
case that advertising has no 
effect on children. The Office 
of Population Census and 
Survey shows that while more 
adults are giving up smoking, 
an increasing number of teen- 
agers are starting. Although the 
tobacco industry puts this 
down to the feet that more 
youngsters admit to smoking 
than used to be the case, it has 
confessed that they are respon- 
sible for seventy million 
pounds of their sales. No 
market should be allowed to 
encourage new young cus- 
tomers to start a habit that 
could lead to their destruction. 

The International Advertis- 
ing Association claims that 
advertising bans lead to no 
significant change in tobacco 
consumption, and that few 
children start smoking because 
of advertising. However the 


TIME TO ACT ON TOBACCO 


most recent evidence from 
Norway suggests otherwise. In 
1975. before a total ban was 
imposed on cigarette advertis- 
ing, 42 percent ofboys aged 13 
- 15 had already started to 
smoke. Ten years later after 
the ban. this ; figure Bad feUen 
by 14-percenLAfthougint was 
followed up by a- major gov- 
ernment health education pro- 
gramme in the schools, the ban 
did have an effect This is not 
to say that cigarette advertise- 
ments are the only reason why 
children smoke. But they do 
encourage social acceptability 
of a product that; will loll about 
one in four of those regular 
users wbo smoke 20 a day. 

Whenever the industry 
makes an agreement it in- 
geniously finds a way of 
bending it Barred from link- 
ing smoking to sporting 
healthy scenes in its advertis- 
ing, the industry sponsors 
certain sports to provide these 
links on television. Last year 
the number of televised hours 
of sport which was sponsored 
by the tobacco companies rose 
from 322 to 363. Despite the 
best intentions of the BBC the 
number is continuing to rise. 
The industry has said that it 
will sponsor only sports with 
an older profile than football 
Leaving aside the feet that the 
Football Association has said 
it turned down the offer of 
cigarette sponsorship, 46 per 
cent of aH 7-15 year-olds 
watched the 1985 world 
snooker final which was spon- 
sored by Embassy. 

Cigarette advertisements 


“in close proximity to and 
dearly visible to schools” are 
banned. But - the “Project 
Smoke Free” group can still 
die examples where the to- 
bacco industry is breaking this 
■rule. The jindiistiy .daiins that 
'.iC-is doing aH it can to 
discourage children from buy- 
ing cigarettes through its own 
campaign, which is costing it a 
million pounds a year. Yet 
they have refused to agree to a 
ban on advertising at the point 
of sale, where there are many 
advertisements without even 
any government health 
warnings. 

With this sort of record it is 
difficult to enter into anymore 
voluntary agreements with the 
industry. At the very least the 
government should quickly 
respond to the calls for a more 
effective means of monitoring 
those which exist. It is not 
enough to wait for breaches to 
be reported. 

But in the face of 
overwhelming medical ev- 
idence that smoking can kill, 
the time has come for tougher 
government action altogether. 
It should seriously consider 
implementing a ban on ciga- 
rette advertising altogether 
and ending, the industry's 
sponsorship of sport. When 90 
per cent of smokers start the 
habit while they are children, it 
is difficult not to believe that 
some of the extra £30m that 
the tobacco industry now 
spends on advertising is not 
earmarked for the younger 
generation. 


RIGHTS AND WRONGS AT THE UN 

s£«JSa' A S55: StttT" 

by the United Natro ns Ibe Canada But it would be too easy to 

debated at an imponantm^t- SgmMeMVfe kt ^ veram(;MS off ^ hook 


debated at an importantii^rt — v y— — d ^ of ^ let governments on the hook 

ing in Geneva todw. European countries) will de- in this way. The sub-comma- 

ta teffiSays in which to improve sion k important because it 

before time. ,he treatment of human rights provide the only place within 

, Earlier this year the UN . Within the UN. *he UN where governments 

cancelled the annual session of and people can meet on a more 

. its Sub-Commission on the They deserve some success, or less equal footing. A forum 
Prevention of Discrimination Over the years the sub- Q f this kind can operate in foe 

and Protection of Minorities commission has been able to 0D |y through the UN. In 
for largely economic reasons, curb government excises in this respect the sub-commis- 
U fell victim to the cuts various parts of the world and $ on jg very different from 
compelled by tiw ‘ organ- has gjven some protection (jnesco — where rhetoric 
ization's financial position— (albeit extremely limited)^ to about human rights has not 
following the United Slates individuals. Its influence has been tempered by the realism 
declaration that it was been behind international ^ scepticism of ordinary 

Irinming its own contribution, agreements on torture and has people. 

Th.w was made in brought the ‘ disappearances The Geneva meeting will try 

ih Jfecen? international pro- in Latin America, together to ffnd ways in which to 
& feS.'Sf ?nw$dy utle. with the appalling abuses of strengthen the UN's human 
^^‘Uion/con- indigenous minorities and rights machinery. It will try to 

die sub-comm children, to public attention, find ways in which to give a 

fere nee wofA S ma j n Most important perhaps, _it louder voice to individual 
neva nad becom allows individuals to protest experts and non-governmental 

forum iwthintM persecution, directly to organizations and m which to 

the gov- an international^ audience, combine the organization’s 

rights and cntiozi g __ over the heads of their own development work and human 

emments responsible, governments. Obviously this rights concerns. These would 

formed a very has had not made die sub- indeed be solid achievmenis. 

function. ■ commission universally popu- g ut meeting should first 

Today's meeting has been ^ try to ensure that the UN and 

organized by a group of non- Today’s meeting may ap- its member governments are 

governmental organizations ^ be an argument for the prepared to guarantee the fu- 

which have brought wgBjng Privatization of the United turn and independence of 

most ofthe people who wouia £ Non-goverhmenlal existing human rights machm- 

have taken part anyway* organ izaiions have rescued a ery - if only by shaming them 

sides the human rights dun- Q f international into doing so. ♦ 

ness on the agenda, me 


But it would be too easy to 
let governments off the hook 
in this way. The sub-commis- 
sion is important because it 
provides the only place within 
tiie UN where governments, 
and people can meet on a more 
or less equal footing. A forum 
of this kind can operate in the 
end only through the UN. In 
this respect the sub-commis- 
sion is very different from 
Unesco — where rhetoric 
about human rights has not 
been tempered by the realism 
and scepticism of ordinary 
people. 

The Geneva meeting will try 
to find ways in which to 
strengthen the UN's human 
rights machinery- It will try to 
find ways in which to give a 
louder voice to individual 


over the heads of their own 
governments. Obviously this 
has had not made the sub- 
commission universally popu- 
lar. 

Today’s meeting may ap- 
nurr to be an araument for the 


development work and human 
rights concerns. These would 
indeed be solid achievments. 
But the meeting should first 
try to ensure that the UN and 
its member governments are 
prepared to guarantee the fu- 
ture and independence of 
existing human rights machin- 
ery - u only by shaming them 
into doing so. * 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Answers for ‘Thatcher’s children’ 


Even if it succeeds in doing so 
■ a government has to locate its 
quarry or punish its hosts to 
deter them from offering shel- 
ter. The case for carrying out 
an operatuon which is less 
than surgical is always more 
questionable. Colonel Gadaffi 
has insisted on his innocence: 
He would wouldn't be — but 
in this instance most people 
believe him. The assumption 
that tiie hand of Abu Nidal lies 
behind , one if not both of the 
outrages raises questions 
about the indirect responsibil- 
ity which must be borne by 
Syria among others — despite 
a newspaper report yesterday 
that the Syrians were expelling 
his organization. Should the 
Americans act against Syria? 
These are complex issues at a 
time when Washington is once 
more trying to stitch together 
the threads of a Middle East 
peace process. 

One thing needed is a more 
coordinated approach against 
terrorism by the Third World. 
Terrorism is not confined to ' 
the . under-developed coun- 
tries. as this country, knows to 
its cost But it is their less 
sophisticated security screens 
that terrorist find easiest to 
penetrate. Most countries heed 
each other in the campaign 
against terrorism and there 
should be much greater co- 
operation between them. If the 
Non-Aligned Movement in 
Harare had spent more time 
discussing this instead of los- 
ing themselves in their anti- 
American rhetoric or listening 
(admittedly without - much 
pleasure) to the strident 
Gadaffi, they might have won 
more friends and influenced 
more people — and had a bet- 
ter conference too. 


From Mr George Rocz 
Sir, Because many people distrust 
polls like the one you commis- 
sioned (September 1 - 3) and are 
uncertain about the conclusions 
one can draw from diem, you have 
published an explanatory editorial 
(September 4). You confirm that a 
certain small number of young 
people are not interested in poli- 
tics or politicians. With 
commendable frankness you then 
reveal that this so-called apathy 
“is nothing new". 

The poll has not brought to light 
any revelations; certainty not any 
for which Mrs Thatcher can be 
Mamed. 

' Farther on, with the same 
admirable honesty, you confirm 
that The overall picture of 
Britain’s youth that is revealed by 
The Times survey is fell of blank 


Is it not high time that the paper 
ceased commissioning and 
publishing polls which reveal 
nothing new except many Manic 
spaas? Or do you need a survey in 
order to blame the Prime Min- 
ina? 

Yours faithfully. 

GEORGE RA.CZ, 

7 Wellington House, 

Eton Road, NW3. 

September 4. 

From Dr A. D. King 
Sir, It is significant that your 
survey of ‘Thatcher’s children” 
made no reference to the world 
outride Britain , particulariy that 
part of it on which Bob Geldof 
-channelled their interests and 
attention last year. Had it done so, 
the survey would have found that 
the young (not surprisingly) are 
idealistic ami find it far easier to 
recognise the real facts of world 
poverty than the uncertain confu- 
sion of issues at home. . 

“Thatcher’s children” are con- 
scious of belonging to a global 
culture which your survey has 
- chosen to ignore; 

The party, that presents a 
convincing account of the 
relationship between rich and 
poor in the world economy and of 
the role of Britain in that relation- 
ship will have the support not only 
of many new voters but of many 
old ones as wefl. 

Yours faithfully, 

A D. KING, 

Oakwood Grove, 

Leeds, West Yorkshire. 

September 4. 

From Mr Nick Boom 
Sir, Michael McCarthy’s series on 
“Thatcher's chfldrcn” is very in- 
teresting and wefl written. But to 
condude, as be does in the article 
of September 2,- that the Labour 
Party has not attracted the “punk 
vote” seemingly on the bans of 
one respondent, is surely inaccu- 
rate? 

I do not profess to know the 
political leanings of punks so 1 am 
not in a position to comment 
authoritatively, but the article 
appears to do so without any 
substantive evidence. 

Yours faithfully, 

NICK ROOM, 

The Mount, 

25 Mapperiey Street, 

Nottingham. 

September 1 

From Mr R. V. White 
Sir, The recent series on 
“Thatcher's Children" provides 
little comfort for those concerned 
for the future of democratic 
government in Britain. The ab- 
sence of a charismatic leader to 
galvanize the commitment and 
participation of the younger voter 
may, indeed, be distuibiiK. What 
is more worrying is the feet that 
the British education system ap- 
pears to have produced a genera- 
tion of potential voters imbued 
with such a spirit of lassitude and 
an attitude of cynicism towards a 
political system which depends 
upon their participation. 

Yours faithfully. 

RONALD V. WHITE, 

108 Kendrick Road, 

Readme, Berkshire. 

September 4. 


Totally improper 

From Mr Michael Buky 
Sir, As a carpenter 1 venture to 
disagree with Countess Attlee’s 
assertion (August 30) that the 
Imperial system of measurement 
is redundauL 

For distances of less than a 
metre, when accuracy to a half- 
millimetre is often required, 1 use 
the metric side of my tape 
measure. For greater distances I 
find the Imperial system more 
convenient and easier to remem- 
ber with its combination of whole 
number and fraction. 

Yours faithfully. 

MICHAEL BUKY, 

77 Fleetwood Road. NW10. 


Killing of Cbssacks 

From Count Nikolai Tolstoy 

Sir. John Grieg’s review (August 
23) of my book. The Minister and 
the Massacres, is more fair- 
minded than most and it is a relief 
to find a commentator actually 
prepared to examine the antral 
evidence: However, his explana- 
tion of Macmillan’s motivation 
far exceeds anything he attributes 
to me in the rehlm of speculation. 

- He asserts that Macmillan acted 
as he. did because he regarded it 
-as both expedient locally and 
essential for the future of Europe 
that good working- relations 
should be established with the 
Russians". In consequence Stalin 
withdrew support for French and 
Italian communists.^s "his part of 


From Mr Dennis Wvles 
Sir, From your MORI survey it 
appears that negatively perceived 
persona] attributes are required to 
be an admired political leader. 
May I suggest, however, that it is 
the strength of opinions which are 
held, whither agreed or disagreed 
with, which appears to earn Mrs 
Thatcher respect. 

It could then be the perceived 
vagneaess of Mr Kinnooc’s opin- 
ions which push “Thatcher’s 
children", of which I am one, into 
feeling that there is no construc- 
tive alternative. This cumulates 
into a disillusionment with the 
political system and a general 
apathy toward voting. 

Yours faithfully. 

DENNIS WYLES, 

7 Eastwood Mews, 

Constitution Hill 
Sprowston, 

Norwich, Norfolk. 

September 4. 

From Mr G. C. Awe 
Sir, You make much, Justifiably, 
of your articles on ’Thatcher’s 
children", aged between 18 and 
25. The impression given is that 
their vote could be significant in 
the next general election. But this 
will not be the first general 
election for all of them. Half of 
them had the vote in the last 
general election. What was their 
significance then? 

Yours respectfully, 

G.CAWRE, 

Lattonleaze. 

Latton, 

Swindon. Wiltshire. 

September 2. 

From Mr R W.Jenner 
Sir, I was surprised and dis- 
appointed that the MORI survey 
used in Michael McCarthy’s re- 
port on “Thatcher’s children" 
(September 3), asking which two 
or three of a dozen groups of 
people they bad the most respect 
for. failed to include the clergy. 

Perhaps they were supposed to 
be dassea under “social workers”. 
Nevertheless this was a pity 
because the result might have 
given a further due to what has 
produced the cynical attitudes rife 
among the young generation. 
Surely clergymen are still regarded 
as influential members of our 
society? 

Yours faithfully, 

B. W.JENNER. 

School House, 

Magdalen College School 
Oxford. 

Septembers. 


From Mr Craig Burrows 
Sir, I read the artide on 
“Thatch ef’s children” and would 
like to thank you for conveying 
some of our feelings to the general 
public. 

I are 21, unemployed, reamed, 
and, believe H or not, 1 do not 
work in the "black economy”. 

I spent one year working as a 
volunteer in a children’s home in 
fee Philippine Islands. On my 
return to England I worked as a 
watchman until I was made 
redundant. Tomorrow I attend an 
interview in fee hope of gaining a 
grant to go to college. 

I want to work, but where is the 
work? I would like to continue my 
education, but fee chances are I 
will get another polite letter 
starti ng,“We regret. . . " 

Yours sincerely, 

CRAIG BURROWS, 

62 Whitdifie Grange, 

Richmond, North Yorkshire. 
September I. 

From Mr Denis Young 
Sir, If one in 2Q of “Thatcher’s 
children" call her “too flexible" 
and “rather inexperienced"; if 
slightly more of them believe that 
die Labour Party is “dominated 
by its leader” and, finally, if 3 per 
ant of them find the Alliance 
“extreme”, then it is just as well 
for fee rest of us that so few of 
them intend to vote. 

Yours faithfully. 

DENTS YOUNG, 

The Old Manse, 

Glenlyon, 

Aberfddy, Perthshire. 


Battle against weeds 

From Mr Hugh Brogan 
Sir, I recently spent a week louring 
Denmark. One of my pleasantest 
memories of that pleasant country 
is ofthe mid flowers that grew in 
great abundance at fee side of all 
roads, great and smalL It struck 
me then that if a country farmed 
so intensively and so dependent 
on agricultural produce as Den- 
mark could afford this amenity, so 
could we; so my sympathies are all 
wtit Mr Holland (September 2) in 
his onslaught on Mr St John 
(August 28). 

Yours faithfully. 

HUGH BROGAN, 

I Hedgertey Close, 

■Cambridge. 

September! 


the deal for the return of fee 
Cossacks”. 

There is not a jot of evidence for 
the existence of such a deal 
Moreover, it seems feat Mr Grigg 
has not fully thought through fee 
consequences of his theory. Are 
we really expected to believe that 
Macmillan obtained guarantees of 
Soviet non-intervention in France 
and Italy in exchange for fee illicit 
handover of some two or three 
thousand White Russian emigres? 

The decision secretly to include 
fee Tsarist officers . among fee 
prisoners to be repatriated was 
settled in Krighiley’s headquarters 
without any means of making 
contact wife fee Soviets or White- 
hall ai a time when higher 
command possessed no knowl- 
edge of fee Cossacks' surrender. 

Thereafter it required a s^cces- 


Why visa move 
is deplored 

From Mr Peter Calvocorcssi 
Sir. If fee Government cannot 
organize immigration at 
Heathrow competently (report 
and leading artide. Septe m ber 2) 
it should reorganize it there and 
not remove n. at considerable 
expense, to foreign pans, where it 
will be out of sight and beyond fee 
jurisdiction of English courts. 

This measure is not an attack on 
illegal immigrants. It is an attack 
ou all those coming here from five 
particular countries who are 
(teemed a nuisance simply because 
they are numerous and black. 

It reflects equal discredit on 
ministers who have devised it and 
on those who, we are told, had 
qualms but have not had the guts 
to resign on what is a matter of 
principle, however disguised as 
administrative readjustment. 
Yours faithfully. 

PETER CALVOCORESSL 
1 Queen's Parade. 

Bath. Avon. 

September 3. 

From Professor James Coveney 
Sir. The introduction of a visa 
system to regulate fee entry of 
persons from parts of the Third 
World who wish to come to 

Britain for genuine reasons may be 

justified. It is to be hoped, 
however, that such persons will 
not be subjected to excessive delay 
in obtaining their visas. 

Unaccepible delays have been 
reported to us in the delivery of 
visas to fiona. fide students coming 
to Britain from Third World 
countries. One case involves a 
doctor from South Yemen, living 
in Cairo, who was due to attend an 
English-language course in Bristol, 
starting on August 4, prior to 
following a medical training 
course at Bristol University Fac- 
ulty of Medicine. 

He was informed by the British 
Consulate m Cairo two weeks 
before fee course began that his 
visa would be issued after two to 
four weeks' delay. His visa has still 
not been issued and he has missed 
the entire course. 

There is no justification for this 
country to adopt the unfriendly 
and nerve-racking procedures of 
certain other countries. 

Yours faithfeUy, 

JAMES COVENEY, Director, 
Middle East Centre for Higher 
Education, Ltd, 

40-43 Fleet Street, 

4th Floor, EC4. 

September 2. 

From Mr Colin J. Marshall 
Sir, If fee Indian Government 
consider that fee introduction of 
visa controls by the British Gov- 
ernment win cause a damaging rift 
between our two nations, why do 
they insist that all British trav- 
ellers to India require visas? 
Yours faithfully. 

COLIN J. MARSHALL, 

64 Windy Arbour, 

Kenilworth, Warwickshire. 
September 4. 

Identifying babies 

From Mrs M. H. Brighouse 
Sir, When my second son was 
born at the maternity wing of 
Southport Infirmary 51 years ago I 
took some red nail varnish wife 
me and painted one of his toenails 
before he was taken into fee 
nursery, where all the babies went 
in those days. 

There was therefore no chance 
of mixing him up wife any of the 
other babies (reports, August 30, 
September I). 

Yours etc, 

M. H. BRIGHOUSE, 

Pedlars Patch. 

38 Romany Road, 

Oultou Broad, Suffolk. 

September 3. 

Fall of the bowler 

From Mr Antony Randle 
Sir. College porters, showground 
stewards. Orange marchers, Mor- 
ris dancers, all may still be 
crowned wife bowlers (letters, 
September I), but never a vicar 
among them. 

Clerical brows have supported 
strange headgear collegiate 
squares. High Church birettas. 
modest black trilby hats for the 
inferior, toppers wife bootlaces for 
the superior, the Gentle Shepherd, 
the Haigh hat, the Bishop 
Andrewes. fee Canterbury cap. I 
have seen all. but never have I 
seen a- clergyman wearing a 
bowler. 

Perhaps it is because I have not 
moved enough in the company of 
the North enders; but I remember 
Dr Mascairs ultramontane Anglo- 
Catholic priest who observed 

While I wear buckles on my shoes 
and sport a ferioia. 
The clergyman across fee road 
wears whiskers - and a bowieri 

Sincerely. 

ANTONY RANDLE, 

The White House, 

Connaught Avenue, 

Friaton on Sea, Essex. 


sion of falsified messages, covertly 
superseded orders, and deceptions 
of British and Cossack officers 
alike in order to effect an un- 
necessary operation imperilling 
fee lives of British troops and 
seriously endangering 
Macmillan's political career. 

Lord Siockton's own elaborate 
array of explanations has been 
shown to be untenable. If he was 
reallv swayed by motives of 
Reaipaliiik. can anyone suggest a 
plausible or honourable reason 
why be should not reveal them 
now? 

Yours faithfully. 

NIKOLAI TOLSTOY. 

Court Close. 

South moor, 

near Abingdon, Berkshire. 
September 3. 



SEPTEMBER S 1870 j 

The Franco- Prussian war appears ! 
to have surprised many. On July 

14 a leading article, entitled "AUs 
Well that Ends Well", concluded 
that "Europe has thus been 
spared the spectacle of a great 
public crime . The follou'ing day 
France declared war. A feu' uveks 
later, with the French defeated at 
Sedan, Napoleon llTs Empire 
replaced by the Republic, and the 
siege of Paris beginning, there 

were two Times correspondents in 
Paris alone, as well as a military 
expert Our Roving Correspondent 
was the English ’bom Vicomtesse 
de Peyronnet. 


SKETCHES FROM 
PARIS 

(FROM A ROVING 
CORRESPONDENT.) 

PARIS, Tuesday. SepL6 

It is very difficult to gauge fee 
temper of this people — to know 
whether they mean to persist in 
war or not. They are full of 
impulse, and their impulse is one 
thing today, another tomorrow. 
Today they seem to show a firm 
front; but last night a spectator 
would have laughed to scorn the 
notion of a fight or an attempt at 
fighting being made by fee Repub- 
lican Government The people 
were so delighted wife the Repub- 
lic and so disgusted with the 
Imperial Government that two 
ideas, and two only, seemed promi- 
nent in their mind. One was that 
every relic of Imperial role should 
be swept away — everything which 
had the mark of the letter "N" 
upon iL Ail over Paris they were 
knocking down every H N. H and 
every Eagle, and paying little heed 
to the architectural destruction 
which might be committed in the 
process. The Parisians have a 
wonderful taste for initials. Every- 
thing useful or ornamental must be 
initialed. You cannot look into fee 
window of a jeweller^ shop without 
seeing feat half the trinkets form 
initials. Rings and lockets, brace- 
lets and studs are but receptacles 
for an initial. And it seemed as if 
the renovated Republicans would 
disclaim all complicity in fee war 
because it had upon the face of it 
the fatal initial, “N." That was one 
set of ideas which a spectator 
seemed to make sure of. Then there 
was another current which could 
not escape notice. The Republicans 
believe that their Republican fever 
is catching — that America will 
fraternize with them, that Spain 
will come to the rescue, that a 
Republic wiD also be proclaimed in 
Italy, and that Germany, too, is 
Republican at heart Read the Sotr 
of last night, and see if anything 
can be more wonderful. It is a 
specimen of the rest. It declares 
that heroic means have been 
discovered for the salvation of 
France — something to terrify 
Prussia as well as every European 
monarchy. In proclaiming the 
Republic they say. We have saved 
France. How so? Because in 1848 
fee Prussians fraternized wife fee 
Republican enthusiasm of France, 
and they will do so now in 1870. 
They will lqy down their arms; they 
will quit the French soil, King 
William will return to his Augusta, 
and “our Fritz” will have to look to 
his hereditary rights. There is 
something appalling in such 
madness. 

Today their aspect is much 
firmer and more dignified. They 
are seriously preparing to with- 
stand fee enemy. Whether they 
have any chance of success is 
another matter — but. at least, they 
are getting their powder ready. 
Every hour the wreck of Mac- 
Mahon’s army is pouring in, and 
we are in all the tumult of hasty 
preparation. It is very sad to see 
the tired and travel-stained sol- 
diers pass by. They march without 
order, their feet drag along the 
ground; there is no longer that 
elasticity of step which character- 
izes French troops. Poor fellows, 
they have for the most part escaped 
from the disasters of Sedan, and 
rally instinctively on Paris, reach- 
ing the capital goodness knows 
how, but very weary and 
downhearted. . . But they (the Re- 
publican Government] will make 
peace fast enough. They have 
assumed the Government to save 
the country and to beat the enemy. 
They have the will to fight, but 
they have not the energy to do so 
with an exhau s ted exchequer, wife 
a discomfited army, nn d with 
divided counsels. On Sunday there 
is the delirium of delight, the 
people are so delighted at the 
change of Government that fee 
disaster to their arms goes for 
nothing - a bagatelle scarce wor- 
thy of a thought On Monday the 
delight tones down, but the people 
show an immoderate disgust of 
everything on which the Imperial 
seal has been set. They knock down 
even the medals, or pictures of 
medals won at the International 
Exhibition, because they bear the 
effigy of the Emperor. It is a 
wonder they do not throw their 
coin into the melting pot because it 
bears the image and super&crqition 
of Caesar. It is evident that it 
would not take much to make them 
disown the war because of the 
Imperial hand in it. But no, they 
cannot do that, because it would be 
a confession of weakness. . . 


Language mix-up 

From Mr Oliver Henry • 

Sir. Mr Connolly {Scpember 3) 
simply has to be right about the 
linguistic mix-up which is a new 
European language rapidly form- 
ing. Only a couple of weeks ago. in 
fee course of booking a double 
room in a hotel in the charming 
lakeside resort of Neustadt- 
Titisee. I was asked: “ Wtmschen 
Sic grand lit franca is/" 

Yours faithfully. 

OLIVER HENRY, 
f Bimermere Gardens. 

Alresford. Hampshire. 

September 3. 


f 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 



Clifford Longiey 


m m 

Hit 

■ * ■- j r7 ?- E z- 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


Impasse over natural law 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

BALMORAL CASTLE 
September 6: The Right Hon 
Margaret Thatcher, MP (Prime 
Minister and First Lord of the 
Treasury) and Mr Denis 
Thatcher have arrived at the 
Castle. 

The Right Hon 'Margaret 
Thatcher, MP had an audience 
of The Queen this evening. 
September 7: Divine Service 
was held in Craihie Parish 
Church this morning. 

The Sermon was preached by 
the Reverend Janies 
Wcatherhead. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
September 7: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips this 
evening opened the XIV Inter- 
national Congress of Micro- 
biology at the Free Trade Hall. 
Manchester where Her Royal 
Highness was received by Her 


Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Greater Manchester (Sir Wil- 
liam Downward). 

Afterwards The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips at- 
tended a reception at the 

University of Manchester for , 
those participatiiig in the 
Congress. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Miss Victoria Legge-Bomte, I 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
September & The Prince of 
Wales arrived at Dyce Airport 
this morning in an aircraft of 
The Queen's Flight from the. 

United Slates of America. 

Sir John Riddell, Bt, Mr 
Victor Chapman. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Brian Anderson and 
Sturgeon Commander Ian Jen- 
kins, RN were in attendance. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Clifford Mollison win be held at 
St Paul’s, Covent Garden, at 
noon on September 10. 


Two expert committees of high «tanHl«g 
have just begun a serious re-examination 
of ihe theology behind die ordination of 
women. In an argument which has been 
dominated so for by politics and 
practicalities, this return to fundamentals 
may be useful, at least in clarifying what is 
at stake. 

It never was a very happy prospect for 
the Church of Fngfand to be going down 
this road by majority decision when there 
was no consensus, even about the nature 
of the disagreement. 

One such committee is the Anglican- 
Roman Catholic International Commis- 
sion (ARCIC), which has just completed & 


Forthcoming marriages 


Mr M. J. Bretton 
and Miss LX- Dougherty 
The engagement is announced 
between Marie, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs J.R. Bretton, of Hadley 
Wood. Hertfordshire, and Leah, 
youngest daughter of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel and Mrs E . D.E. 
Dougherty, of York. 

Mr M- de Manta de WDdenbag 
and Miss HJ. Prestidge 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, youngest sou of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Count and 

Countess de Plants de 
Wildenbeig, of Rome, Italy, and 


Lieutenant PJ. Marshall, RN, 
and Miss AJL Chapman 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, middle son ofMr 
and Mis A. Marshall, of 
Alderiey Edge, Cheshire, and 
Annette, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs S.C. Chapman, of 
Wadebridge, Cornwall. 

Mr P-F. O'Conor 

and Miss V.E. Marriott 

The engagement is announced 


pienaiy meeting at I Jandaff.lt is no secret 
that the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr 
Robert Runde, was presang for a joint 
theological study with the Roman Cbfoofic 
Church which would deal with the 
underlying issues, and would have liked a 
separate body from ARCIC to handle it 

The ARClCs brief from the Roman side 
is to study the ecumenical implications, 
rather than to examine the doctrine itself; 
but ARCIC appears to have decided that 
the doctrinal points will have to studied 
anyway, otherwise the ecumenical Ques- 
tions cannot be answered. In other words 
to decide how relations between the two 
churches are affected by the ordination of 
women in one of them, it is first necessary 
to decide what fundamentals, if any, are at 
stake. And that opens the door. 

The second committee has been so. op 
by the House of Bishops of the Church of 
England, as a result of the July d e ba te in 
the general synod. The bishops agre ed to 
tatr, an the vexed Questions m*™* their 
wing, and to report bade in February - a re- 
port which may well turn out to be a 
bolding one. 

just as ARCIC finds it cannot answer 
the inter-church questions without study- 
ing the primary issues, so die House of 
Bishops a ppear s to have decided similarly 
concerning tire internal Church of England 
con tr o v ers y . 

In order to say how and whether parts of 
the Chureh of England with women prieste 
could co-exist with parts without them, ft 


also has to consider what fundamentals, if 
any, are at stake. The Honse of Bishops has 
a further committee studying the 
practicalities rather than the theory, but ft 
is unlikely these two committees can keep 
their work in water-tight compartments. 

The ckrse relationship between the 
House of Bishop's exercise and the ARCIC 

one is shown by the presence in both of the 

Bishop of Kensington, the Right Rev 
Mark Santer, the Anglican co-chairman of 
ARCIC Tbe Bishop of London. Dr 
Graham Leonard, is in the bishops* 
committee too, ami one of the main planks 
of his argument to the synod in July was 
that put try Cardinal WtUebrands, of the 

Vatican, to the Archbishop of Canterbury - 
in the context of ARCIC. So these two 
exercises are thoroughly interwoven. 

In tbe past the arguments about women 
priests have been about such things .as the 
limits of the church's authority to change 
Holy Orders, and the New Testament ' 
evidence. AH tbe signs suggest that both 
these new theological investigations will 
concentrate elsewhere, rather than spend 
mo much time going down those wdl worn 
paths. 

Current interest is directed more to- 
wards the argument by sexual analogy. 
And as has been noted before, this feeds 
into general questions much debated in 
■a-mUr society concerning male-female 
relationships, and sexual role 
conditioning. 

It states, essentially, that as the relation- 
ship between Christ and the church is 
analogous to tbe relationship b e twe en 
husband and wife, it is not a m atter of 
indifference what gender the priesthood is, 
as the priesthood occupies a symbolic 
place in the relationship between Christ 
and tbe church (albeit not easy to 
describe). 

At this point in the argument the re is an 
open frontier with another c urrent 
theological contr o v ers y, that inside tbe 
Roman Catholic Church concerning sex- 
ual ethics 

If there is a natural order go ve rn ing 
maiwiMi and -femaleness, *h*n there is a 


natural law governing bow male and 
female should retaie,-particulariyhow they 
should refete sexually. Moral theologians 
like him have begun to discuss the ethics of 
sexual relations without reference to 
natura l law arguments, and the church 
authorities have stepped in to mast that 
they have gone astray. - 

It is hardly surprismg that the one 
Anglican theologian whose thinking 0& 
sexual ethics is closest to tins official 
Roman Catholic position is the Bishop of 
London. He is for natural taw on sexual 
ethics, for natural order onr the ordination 
of women. He is, it is no coincidence, the 
Churrfi of England’s, leading Anglo- 
Catholic 

Sexual ethics feeds- hade into the 
ordination of -women question, in foe 
framework of natural taw and natural 
order. If the pattern ofbehavioiir between, 
husband and wife, iadudfry sexual 
activitiy, is entirely up to them, free of any 
moral restrictions from, natural few, then 
the husband and wife analogy for Christ 
mid the church would prqve nothing. 

So two people can make of a sexual 
relationship absolutely whatever they, 
wish, as the prevailing wisdom in secular 
society says they may. and therefore sex 
roles are entirely variable, and reversible 
and interchangeable at will. It is a useless 
model on winch to bu3d-an analogy. And 
it could not be used, therefore, to prohibit 
women priests. 

If they go this way into the argument the 
two- expert committees may eventually 
reach an unfortunate impasse, for there is 
no wary they can themselves resolve the 
underlying dash between the two systems 
of moral philosophy,, for. and against 
natural taw. ^ 

But it is a diflerentand potentially more 
creative place to come to rest than foe 
pr es en t yes-we-caa, no-we-cannot stale- 
mate on women priests. And it-couid help 
to move the Church of Engfend closer 
towards, or further away from/lhe elusive 
consensus which has been lacking so tar. 
The direction of what movement will, in 
the eod, decide the outcome.' 


OBITUARY 

MR DUDLEY FROY 

Noted test and racing driver 

Dudley Froy, who ^, D “ Sdred'iiP his car from .the 
his home in Tucson, AnzM Coventry, drove it to 

on September the N^rburgring track in the 

81,.wasaBn^boratesanri gfe, m 0 untams. won the tare 
ractngdnver who broke niMf » was nut in wet and 
records at the peak of fos conditions. ^ and 

career tn the Sen drove the car back home 

won races in cats as vaneu « 

the monster 21-htre Benz. the agwo- a member of that 
five-litre Ddage and the I.i- r bompany ** 

liire Riley. BrootodT 130 mpb badge. 

Bom IB London, . be began B lrac k a, that speed 

to association «*! id 1934 . .. 

sport -a* a mechanic at w <3,^ was vmn- 

Brooklands, and became a His “s 1935, but he 

Motor Club 50-nrile race in ’ a5 a representative of 

ttove victory wmch ditw ^J^^^whemhe 


imnition tTto.giMlififs- He 
prevented him from pursuing 

r^areeTas a Grand Prix arm bones m: a crash at a float 

dri vw^baite went on to break car^ckmDmMo^o™. 

many records and gamed a Jw ™ 


rSSfS". OMd p® airn bones in a crash at astock 
dri vw^boite went on to break car^ckmteMo^o™. 

in the 1 lOOccdassofthe 1931 close to the track. ^ 

German Grand Prix, which he He is sunnv^ by his wfe, 
won, driving a Riley. This was Betty Ann, and two daughtos. 


M DANIEL FIGNOLE 


M Daniel Fignole, whose 
brief term as President of 
Haiti lasted 19 days in May, 
1 957, dkd recently in Port-au- 
Prince. He was 71. 

Pierre Eustacfae Daniel 
Fignole was born on Novem- 


his support from the poorest 
of his countrymen. _ 
Towards tbe end of May, 
1957, after a turbulent ax 
months during whic h the 
country saw as many presi- 
dents. Fignole, at the age of 42, 


SSiESZ^SS Birthdays today 

Mrs RJs.N. O'Conor, of Well Sir Peter Allen, 8 1 ; Professor Sir 


Close. Rambridge Park, near 
Andover, Hampshire, and Mr 
M. O'Conor, of 12 Crossfield. 


Hilary Jane, only daughter of Femhurst near Hasfemere. Sur- 
Mr and Mrs L.T. Prestidge, of rey, and Virginia, elder daughter 


Ingatestone, Essex. 

Mr CH. Hirst 
and Miss &L. Petherick 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs J.K. Hirst, of 
Hutton BusceL North York- 


rey, and Virginia, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Martin Marriott, 
of Ganfbrd School, Wimborne, 
Dorset. 

Mr DJL Parkinson 
and Miss EJ. Browning 
The engagememt is announced 
between Neil only son of Mr 


Derek Barton, 68; Sir John D.K. 
Brown. 73: Mr Maxwell Davies, 
52; Mr Michael Frayn, 53; Mr 
Anthony Frodsham. 67; Mr 
Fired Jarvis, 62; Sr Denys 


Lord Andrew Hxy 
and Miss RJVL. Booth 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in St BrigUf s Cathe- 
dral. Co Kildare, of Lord An- 


, 7 -». ,k- m„ 1bk . nf I oral. K.O fkiiaare, oi uira 

iHffiS? % 1 &J fl B9 £1 Hay, son of foe .fete 


Lothian, 64; Lord Maude of 
Stratford-upon-Avon, 74; Mr 
Geoffrey Milter, 34; Mr Jack 
Rosenthal. 55; Air Vice-Marshal 
Sir Colin Scragg. 78; Sir Harry 
Secombe, 65;Professor EJfL 


_r jane, eiaer oaiwiiia UI mi auu 

of Plymouth. Mrs Browning, of 

Mr HJFJL Marsh Wraysbury, Berkshire, 

and Mis MJ. de Grey Mr J.D. Whittaker 

The engagement is announced aD d Mas N.M. Lusty 
between Hugo, son of Mr and The engagement is announced 
Mrs Gilbert Marsh, of St John s between John, son of the late Mr 
Wood. London, and Miranda, Joe Whittaker and of Mrs MJ4. 
daughter of Mr Robert Mur- Whittaker, ofWaddftigton, Lan- 
doch. of Linton, Kent, and Mrs casbire. and Nicola Mary, rider 
Patrick Meredith-Hardy, of daughter of Mr and Mrs John 


Mrs Christopher Browning, of Tiarks, 86; Dame. Guinevere 
Wraysbury, Berkshire. Tiiney, 70; Mr Alan Weeks, 63. 

Mr J.D. Whittaker n!— - 


Bern bridge. Isle of Wight- 


Lusty, of Woking. Surrey. 


Tiiney, 70; Mr Alan Weeks, 63; 

Dinner 

The Westland Farnborough din- 
ner was held at the Royal 
Automobile Club bn Thursday, 
September 4. Sir John Cockney, 
c hairm an, presided and the Hon 
George Younger, MP, Secretary 
of State for Defence; also spoke. 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


rams, HNMAEES, 
oarns mi m hehohuh 

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SI LlHu< I 38 


BIRTHS 

OAIHCO— C On SeW ember 2nd In 
Cambridge, to Rose inee Eden) and 
David, a daughter. Cecily Amber, a 
'over (or Harriet and Ralph. 

mnCDCN . On August 3tst, at 
Ronkrwood HospltaL Worcester, lo 
Patricia mce Retries) and Mark, a 
daughter. Ellen PaUina. 

BUCKMASTER on 6U1 Seat. M St 
Thomas's Hospital to Julia owe 
Hobhousci and Henry. A daughter 
Oca nor Rose. 

CMOCN-RAMSAY - On September 
ath. 1980. al Queen Maty's. 
Rortumplon. lo Ptdlippa inec 
Francis) and Roger, a daaffMer. 
Belinda, a stskr for Kate and George. 

WtAKT - on S e tHetnber Sin al Queen 
Charlelie’s lo Carol and lan a son 
Edward Andrew Ctieong a brouter 
lor Alexander. 

GREY - On 27th August, al St Thomas' 
Hospital, to Felicity <nee Myers) and 
Dents, a second wonderful daughter. 
Chloe Francesca Rose, a sister for 
Daniel and Xanthc 

HAS&JUN On 3tst August to Nim cnee 
DOTTlen Snrtlhi and Richard, a son 
Felix a brother for Nicholas. 

INSKIP - On September 4Ut. at St. 
-rnonun' Hospital, lo CUre inee 
Buxton) and Owen, a sen. Thomas 
Hampden, a brother for Victoria. 

LEVY On August S8th at the West 
London Hospital to Km uu» Page) 
and Roger, a son. Sunon Thomas 
Pcncfr-lUi- 

MONRO ■ On September. 1st. al The 
Buchanan. SL Leonards, to Angela 
inee HidUmg). Wife of Hamah, a son. 
Douglas. 

MONCAN - On August 27lb. at the 
Royal Free HtnwuL HamMead to 
Dai Id and Jane inee Commander) a 
son. Thomas Ifor Commander. 

■MET -on September and al Nether 
Edge. Shcitletd to Pamela ntoc wai- 
ter i and Robert, a son Adam One. 

SMELS - On September *th at Patshy 
Matenuty Hospital to Margaret and 
Robert a son. Alastatr. a brother for 
Nirola. 

SWEOMAN On Augtsl 2SUt to Vic- 
Iona mee Carnet and Brian a 
daughter. Rebecca Emily Frances. 


RUBY ANNIVERSARIES 

ANOCnSOX $ WfcSYUMAM WtULun 
and Joan were married at Si 
CotUtnba-S Church. Haiefock North, 
jdew Zealand, on September 7th. 
1946. Resent address the Lodge. 
Howe Green House. Howe Green. 
Hertford. 


DEATHS 


BAKER On September 6th in Here- 
ford. after a short illness. Leo 
Klmnley Baker DFC. Aged 88 be 
Imrd tauter of Susan. Elizabeth and 
Racheal. Funeral 3.00 pm Wednes- 
day-. 10th September at Golden 
Green Crematorium. Family flowers 
only 


i BELSHAM - Betty, dearly loved wife oi 
Alan, and mother of Guy. PbUtp- 
Amanda. and Serena, peacefully on 
3rd September In Pietermaritzburg. 
NataL after a. short Alness, endured 
with characteristic cou ra g e . A 
Memorial Service win be held In 
England later in the year. 

BENNETT. Carolyn Anne - Beloved 
elder daughter of Reg and Doreen, 
peacefully at home on 4th Septem- 
ber. 1986. Requiem Mass at Holy 
Rood Church. Watford, on Tuesday. 
90t September, al 12 noon. Al) 
enquiries and floral tributes to C H 
Kempsal & Sou 190 Harwoods Rd 
Watford Tel 0923 2S309. 

DOUGLAS-SMTM , BasU. M. LBL on 
5th September of 29. Tawnor Street 
Oxford and 8. Victoria Road. Letgh- 
on-Sea. Essex, devoted husband of 
Elkm and beloved brother of Barbara 
Ogden. Funeral private, no IcOas 
please. 

FRZHERBERT - On September ad. 
peacefully at Sutton Veny Nursing 
Home. Wiltshire. Diana. Lady 
Filzherbert. lately of Marbella. 
Funeral at 11.00 am on Tuesday. 
September 9th at SL BernardeOe-s 
Church. West bury. 

FONSECA - on September 4th sudden- 
ly Major Rid. ex R.W.F. Joseph 
Patrick MJB.E. aged 74 years of Sid- 
cup. Kent. Beloved father of Maria. 
Joan. Carrie. Francesca. Sara-Jane 
and Theresa, and darling grandfa- 
ther of seven. Funeral service at St 
Lawrence's Church. Main Road. Sto- 
mp on Wednesday 10th September 
at 10.15am. Family flowers only, do- 
nations If desired to Save the 
Children Fond. 

FRAULO On September 4th. 1966. 
Dr Joseph P. beloved physician in his 
82 nd year, peacefully m hospital. 
Funeral private. Dale of Memorial 
Service will be an n ot meed later. 

FREEMAN ■ On September IsL 1986. 
Richard Broke, of Itaherdty College 
London Cremation prtvate. Memori- 
al Service al University Church of 
CMKt the King. Gordon Square, 
noon on Friday. September 12th. 

HARTtCAN- On 5ftf September. 1986. 
in St Stephen's Hospital, after several 
: months of ittness pabenUy endured. 
Richard Grant Harngan. formerly of 
Pembroke Court. Edwards Square. 
Kensington. Requiem Mass, at lire 
church of Our Lady of Victories. 
Kensington High SL on Thursday. 

1 lih September at 1000am. 
ReouKSCa! In Pace. Enquiries to A 
France X Son. id 405 4901. 

HOLMES - On September 5th. peace- 
lulls m hospital. Arthur Ranald 
Murray, aged 71 of vaBey view. 
Framton Mansell. Oos. f orma tr of 
Lsneham and Hcmtoo. Funeral 
Sen tee at Hendon Crematorium. 
Holden HU Rd. on Friday. Septem- 
ber 12th. at 2 30pm. Family flowers 
only please Donattous if desired to 
fire Friends of Si Luke's Church. 
(Framton Mansell Restoration Fond) 
t/o Coates Rectory. O ra m ater GL7 
6NR 

HOLT - on September 5th peacefully at 
home after a tong illness vw coura- 
geously borne. Linda Mary, much 
loved daughter of Margery and the 
tale James Holt. Funeral service at 
the Chapel of St Croat Winchester 
with miertMta « the rtrish Cbmcft. 
Rock bourne. Enoutnes to John A 
William Sherfos Uf Tel: 0425 
53019. 

JAMES - On September 5th 1986. 
prarrtolly at Garth Nursng Home. 
DorMng. In ms 94tn year. PhlUp GU 
beft M A. ESC. Hops, one time 
hcadnusler of the Elbott School and 
late of Aahlead and Ocol Booktum. 
Surrey . Family Bowes only, dona- 
tions if desired to Christian AM. AB 
enquires to LonghuAd Undertaken 
8 10 Pound Lane. Epsom. Telephone 
23548. 

JONES. Roger - Qn August 26 m New 
York City. Eetoved Husband of 
Yvonne Loving Brother of Crayce 
Phillips of Carmel California and ! 
Ralph Jones dr Palm Spring Cabfor. 
ma. Service was hehi Wednesday. 
August 27. Frank E. Campbell Ine. 
hew York CUT NY. 

MARLOWE -On September 3rd. 1986. 
al AkfetMirgh. Suffolk. MneUna. 
wife of Anthony Marlowe. Funeral 
Service al Aktrinfoam Pariah 
Church, on Thursday. September 
111b. at 230pm. Any denattons for 
Prupa Breathtaking Appeal to Tony 
Brown. The Funeral Parlour. 
Sumundfcam. Suffolk. 

MARSHALL On 4th September. ; 
1986. peacefully at home, hi East . 
Homely. Surrey. Joseph Howard 
MantulL aged 81. hudband of the : 
late Manonc and much loved father 
of pww and Peggy and Ibetr Fam- 
ilies. The Funeral Service win be , 
hrtd al Guildfonl Cromatonum. on 
Vvednetoav. lODi September, al 
3 3Com 

MARTIN. John Harvey . On Sepi- ; 
ember 4th. i486 Dear husband of ; 
Doreen, netoved father and grand- 
father. He win be greatly missed. 


MAYRRAY-KMS oa Wednesday 3rd 
September peacefully In hospital. 
The Right Honourable Lord Horace 
MaybraMOog MA. PC. Phd. Aged 
B5 yearn. De a r l y Beloved Htaband of 
Lady Sheila Calhertae Maybray- 
Klng. Loving Father of Margaret 
Eleanor WBson. loving Grandtother 
of John. Louise and FTIrahrth and 
Great Grandtother of Emma and 
Gareth WIHon. The flmeral win take 
place l?noan Wednesday loth Sep- 
tember at St Mary's Church. 
Southampton, followed by prtvate 
cremation. FSmfly flowers only 
please. Donations In Memory. If de- 
sired. to ‘Spina Blflda’. C/O Rev 
David Langford. 4 Cobben Road. 
BMecne Park. Southampton. 

IKEU • George Alfred fAMe) peace- 
fully at home after a lone Alness, on 
September 5th 1986. beloved hus- 
band of Muriel (MurieUaL Private 
cremation, no flowers please. Dona- 
tions if desired may be son to the 
League of Friends. Blandtard 
Hosptt aL 

raKT - Nora (nee Edmonds] wtfe of 
Alan and mother of Jyfly and Merle, 
unexpectedly but peacefully on 3rd 
September 1986. Funsal at 
BrtcUeharrnXoa Church near 
Psshore Worcs- at Hainan Friday. 
iMi September. 

PEYTON. John Durham of Bristol, 
aged 29. eldest son of WfBiam and 
Diana Peyton. In London on 5th Sep- 
tember. Funeral Arnos Vale 
Cemetery. BrtstoL Wednesday 10th 
S e pt em ber. 12 noon. 

raJONCTON • On 4th Septanbcr. 
1986. peacefully at home after a 
short Duress. Denis Fleiden 
PMUngton. MBE. Dearly loved 
Mho- of Janie, grandfather of 
Samantha and Emma and father-in- 
law of Peter. Service at Putney Vale 
Cemetery. SWis on Thursday, nth 
September at 12-15 pm. Flowers 
may be sent to J.H. Kenyon LUL 49 
Marioes Hoad, wa 

PLUMKET • (to sist August, tragically 
of T the coast of Spain. EttsabeOi. 
Adored wtfe or Shaun and mother of 
Anton ia. Funeral Service date to be 
announced later. 

PROFUMO On September 3th Eliza- 
beth Josephine (Betsy) greatly loved 
stsier of Mataa. Jack, and Ptnttp. Af- 
ter a merdfully short illness in a 
London Nursing Home. Funeral St 
Lawrence Church. ShoOesweD. Near 
i Banbury at 12 noon. Wednesday 
lOth September. Family flowers oobr 
pVrsnT 

m om BO H ■ on September 4(h in 
Broomfield HospUaL Ctreknstord- Es- 
sex. Leslie aged 74. Beloved husband 
of Dorothy and tether of Margaret 
and Keith. Funeral service at Fefsled 
Church on Wednesday September 
XOth at 2 pul Flowers, or If preferred 
donations tor an audio unit (or 
Felsted Church c/o Pemtack A Sons. 
3 Maidon Road. Great Baddow. 
Chelmsford. 

THORNLEY- On September 2nd 1986. 
pracefidiy al the NuBleM HospUaL 
Hl4L North Humberside. Ranald 
Howe Thcmley. aged 76. Service at 
the cnantertands Crematorium. HuB 
on Thursday. September tl al 12 
noon. No Dowers gletoe. but dona- 
Uons if desired for the Cancer 
Research Find, c/o Lady Thondey. 
Ptnaway Cottage. Church Lane. 
FUndon. Nr Arundel. Wesl Sussex 
BN18 ORD. would be appreciated. 

T«ER ■ On 4ft September peacefully 
al Healey on Thames. Mabel St Clair 


Marquess of Tweeddale and the 
Marchioness of Tweeddale. 
Gifford, East Lothian, and Miss 
Rosanna Meryl Booth, daughter 
of Mr John .Booth, of Darver 
Castle, Dundalk, Co Louth, and 
Mrs Thomas Long, 
Martmstown House, The Cur- 
tagh, Co Kiidare. The Very Rev 
John Pateison officiated. 

Mr SJEL Moristn 
and Miss PJ. Owen 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Andrew’s, Much 
Hnriham, Hertfordshire, of Mr 
Simon Morison, only sou of 
Lord Morison. of 6 Cariton 
Terrace, Edinburgh, and Mrs L, 
Morison, of Cnunond Brig, 

, Edinburgh, and Miss Penelope 
i Owen, only daughter of Mr and 
' Mrs AJ. Owen, of Westland 
Green, Little Hadham, 

! Hert fu idshire. The Rev Michael 
> McAdam officiated. . 

The bride, who was pvoi in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Rawaigh Hunter, 
Charlotte Locke and Miss Kath- 
erine Roberts Mr Kenneth 
McLeDand was best man. 

Mr NJ. Fbrter 
and Miss N.CCowefl 
The marriage took place on 
Satnrday at All Saints, 
Edingthorpe, Norfolk, of Mr 
Neil Porter, son of Mr and Mrs 
J-A. Porter, of Cratloe, Co Clare, 
and Miss Naomi Cowell, youn- 
ger daughter of the late Mr P.T. 
Cowell, of Wareham, Dorset, 
and Lady Neville, of 
Edinohorpe, Norfolk. Tbe Rev 
Geoffrey Burton officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr MkhaelCowdl, 
was attended by Alice Cary, 
Harriet Ball, Jo Ball and Mrs 
Anna Cary. Mr Guy Comely 
was best man. 

Mr JJLH. King 
and Miss SJ. Hayden 
Tbe marriage took place on 
Saturday at All Saints’. Ock- 
ham, Surrey, of Mr Julian King, 
younger son of Sir Richard and 
Lady King, of Cobham, Surrey, 
and Miss Sara Hayden, daughter 
ofMr and Mrs A.V. Hayden, of 
Cobham, Surrey. Canon Colin 
Still officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Louise Sharif Mr 
Alan Corber was best man. 

Mr DJVt. wnfiamsoa 
and Miss KA- White 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St John the Baptist, 
Purity, Surrey, of Mr David 
Williamson, eider son of Mar- 
shal of the RAF Sir Keith 
Williamson and Lady William- 
son. of Burnham Market Nor- 
folk, and Miss Kale White, elder 
daughter ofMr and Mrs Edward 


Felixstowe College 
Autumn term at Felixstowe 
College begins today with the 
extensions to Ridley House 
almost completed. Scholarships 
for September 1986 have been 
awarded to Sarah Maunder (St 
Michael's, Hadkigh). Selina 
Muchai (Kingsfleet), Alexandra 
Cropp (Stan borough School) for 
entry to the junior school and 
Emma-Jane Adams (Colchester 
High), Candice Knight 


|. (Stanway School), and Racbd 
loved mother, grandmother and I Oxley. Gillian Cfoot and Helen 

nmH w Jl l l lwwdllf - WMmtf Of AM 1 n ' rr- l- , C 


great grandmother, widow of ami 
H dger Trier. QrwnaUon private. 

lURMUli peacenmy in nuoit^ after 
a short mites. U Col John 
TUrnbuD.M.C XI Hussars (P.A.O.) of 
Wen Cottage. Llngen. BudtnrtL 
Suopshtep. <^rauy loved husband 
of Angela ana father of Anna, fttch- 
ard and MJctweL Funeral serv ice wtP 
Ukc slaceat Ungen Church on Tue- 
dap 9th September al 2-30 pro. 
Family flowers ooty but donaUoRs 
may be given for the Injured 
Jockey's Fund. 

WARD - Freddie, on 5 Sept em ber, 
peacefully. Late D e pa rt ment of Eml- 
roamenL No flowers. DonaUous lo 
MENCAP Pfeaw. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


MEW • A Memorial Service tor 
Grahanre Draw wffi be held In wtn- 
ctiester COBege ChapeL on Saturday. 
4Ui October at l2.L6pn. 


IN MEMORIAM - PRIVATE 


BARRETT - In constant loving remem- 
brance of Rfchard Stuart, killed 
tragically in 1967. aged 21 yean, a 
brtovrd son and brother: and also 
re m e mb e rin g he fattier Thomas. 
v.f» ored suddenly In 1980. a dev of 
ed husband, father and granUMher. 
H I P. darlings. Mother. Lorca. John 
and Katherine. 

i* 


Bowie (Felixstowe) for the sixth 
form. The head girls are Nahid 
Zarei ami Angela Ward. The 
London old gins* reunion is on 
Saturday, November 8 and term 
will end on December 13 with 
the school play This Happy 
Breetf. 

Felsted School . , 

Autumn Term at Felsted School 
begins today. Mr F.M- Craven 
succeeds Mr E-A. Beauiah &s 
second master and Mr P.G. 
O ' Gorman succeeds Mr F. M. 
Craven as director of studies. 
Mr R.A.C. Hay takes over as 
Housemaster of Follyndd m 
succession to Mr J. High, who 
has left to take up foe post of 
Headmaster of Bern bridge 
SchooL D.R. Fisk (Ehwyn's) is 
{lead of schooL The choral 
society will be perform frig 
Haydn's Harmonie Mass on 
November 15and 16. Guys and 
Doiis will be performed in the 
Grignon Hull on November 27, 
28 and 29. Sir John Killick will 
give the Lord Butler of Saffron 
Walden Memorial Lecture on 
November 13- There will be an 


Maniages 

White, ofPuriey. Surrey. Father 
R. Salmon officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by ber fewer, was 
attended by Ruth Tiffin, media 
Kubiak, Miss Joanne White and 
Miss Jo hanna Lawior. Mr Iain 
Staunton was best man. 


nxuuK was uwu uu - » — . - _ « 

ber 12, 1914, one of ten was swore m as proYiaonai 
children of an impoverished president with the promise ot 
nd * hnnp«i electrons.” 


Moncbelsea, between Mr Peter 1 
Mellor and Miss Juliet Berry, of 
Wester Hill, Linton, Kent 

Slight Ueatout LP. MiDax, 

and Mias LJ. Crilis 
The mmriage took place on . 
Saturday. September 0, at East 
Hendred, between Flight 
lieutenant Ian Millar, younger 
son ofMrG. MDlar and foe tale 
Mrs P. Millar, of Plymouth, and 


Mr J .NJEL Bdn» Hendred, betwef 

and Miss S-T. Brett Lieutenant Ian Milt 

Tbe marriage took place on son ofMrG. Millar ; 

September oT at St Andrew's, Mrs P. Miliar, of Hy 
Sonning, of Mr James Behrens,. Miss Lesley Jane Oil 
youngest son of Mr and Mrs da u g ht e r of Mr and Mrs P. 
wi lliam Behiciis, of Mafton, Culhs, of PorthcawL 
North Yorkshire, and Miss SaDy A reception was beid at foe 
Brett, elder daughter ofMr and Officers Mess, RAF Benson, 
Mis Michael Brett, of Harpsden, and the honeymoon is being 
Henley-on-Thames. The Rev spent in Paris. 

Christopher Morgan officiated, MrN c Revett 
and Mr John Behrens was best i 

m ^r . ... ^ The marriage took place on 

The bnde was given m man- Cjm^toy at St Edmund’s, 
riage by her fefoo-, and foe soathvroid, of Mr Nicholas 
rreepnon was held at the home Stephen Revetz, yoc 
of the bnde. Mr and Mrs E.W.G 

Mr CS. Haosh Pettistree, Suffolk, 

and Miss LJ. Lengrigg Lydia Jane Booth, e 

The marriage took place on . ter ofMr and Mis CJ 
Saturday, September 6, at AH S mart ham, and Sout 
Saints’, CtondalL between Mr folk. The Bishop of < 
Christopher Hough, son Europe officiated, • 
ofMr and Mrs John Hougftr of the Rev P.E. Bustin. 


farm labourer. The young 
Fignole himself worked, on a 
farm until he was old. enough 
to go to Port-au-Prince, where 
he passed through parochial 
school and the Lyc6e Potion- 

After graduating, he taught 
mathematics in a seminary 
college. He later widened his 
interests to political econom- 
ics, «nrf organized his first 
political movement, the Peas- 
ant Wodcera’ Union. This was 
an immediate success, and in 
August, 1946, be was appoint- 
ed Minister of National 
Education. 

He did not, however, see 
eye to eye with President 
Firtime n nmarsais, and was 
gaoled for 17 days. 

Four years later, he was 
elected a national deputy for 
the Social Democratic Party, 
but was again arrested, this 
time on foe orders of Presi- 


KKwTKS •%'SJSSSWd- 

.m2tf)SSS}A.em 

ter ofMr and Mrs CL. Booth, of through the ranks of foe parly 
StroKtham, and Southwold, Sdr- to -become its head, drawing 
folk. The Bishop Gibraltar in . 


-free and honest elections”. 

It was a short-lived taste of * 
power. Nineteen days later,~he 
was ousted by General Anto- 
nio Kebreau (who was in turn 
replaced by Duvalier) and sent 
into exile. 

Fignole was a tall, slender, 
ruggedly handsome man with 
an engaging smile. He was a 
persuasive orator . both . in 
French, the language of foe 
educated minority, and Cre- 
ole, foe language of the 
masses. 

There was a touch of foe 
mystic in bis political think- . 
ing, and his speeches were V- 
replete with re ferences to his 
followers as “my mobs” - 
mobs who, when they were 
seen to sweep out of foe 
capital's slums and roll every- 
thing before them, were 
known locally as “Fignole’s 
steamroller”. 

He returned from exile in 
February of this year with a 
view to standing for election 
again as president. . 


Europe officiated, assisted by 


Riarichgath, and Miss Laura 
Longrigg. eldest daughter ofMr 
and Mrs Roger Longrigg. of 
Orchard House, Crookham Vil- 
lage. Tbe Rev James Voafce 
officiated. 

Tbe bride, who was given in 


. Tbe bride; who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Rachel Booth, 
Laura Dixon, Beniamin Dixon, 
Jessica Yates and Sophie Yates. 
Mr Philip Reveu was best man.. 

A reception was held at 


marriage by ber father, was Cockfield HaD, Yoxford, • and 
attended by Antonia Soft, Char- foe honeymoon will be spent 
lotte Elgood, Elizabeth Peny, abroad. 

George Chichester and Patrick Mvriyicat 
DenftureL Mr James Hanning. ud Miss Coeke- 

was best man. Yiij —li 

A reception was hdd at marri a ge took place on 

° ldiard i?^SftS2^£f hone y'' SundayTSeptember St 

moon will spent abroad. Mary’s Church, Longworth, of 

Captain R. James Mr Giles Vicat, eider son ofMr 

and Miss F. Rhys . and Mrs Alan Vicat, of 

Tbe marriage took place on Sborcham-by-Sea, Sussex, and 
Saturday, September 6. al St Miss Jane Anthea Cooke-Yar- 
Michaers and AH Angds, borough, daughter of Mr and 
Somerton, of Captain Richard Mrs Cooke- Yarborough, of 
James. The Queen’s Own Hus- Longworth, Oxfordshire. The 
sara, son of Major and Mrs Rev William Sykes officiated, 
Philip James, of Streetc Court, assisted by Canon PL Stuart. 
Godstone, and Miss Fiona - Tbe bnde. who was given in 
Rhys, only daughter ofMr and marriage by her father, was 
Mrs Llewelyn Rhys, of Hill attended by Laura Dawkins, 
Rum House, Babcaiy, Somer- and Bora. Robert and-Rosalind 
set Tbe Dean of Wells offid- McLachfen. Mr Julian Gaisford 
a ted. assisted by Canon RE. St Lawrenoe was best man. 
Tostevin and tbe Rev Richard A reception was bdd at tbe 
Sunmons. home of foe bride and foe 

The bride, who was given in honeymoon is being spent 
marriage by her father, was abroad, 
attended by Miss Jane MlN p whisk** 

Trevithick, Nicola Andiron, ^mL^aJJh* 

Sarah Anderson, Joanna Clark, -rj>e maniaee took niw on 

and toward James. ■ - Holy Gross Church. Binsted, 

, A between Mr Nicholas Panl 

home of the bnde and foe \Vhishaw, eldest son of Mr 
honeymoon s teing spent m foe Michael Whishaw and Mrs Ger- 
Chaand Islands. aWm* which*™ 


MR NORMAN SUTTON 

Mr- -Norman Sutton,- regulatkms forbade the^mWi- 
Bri tain's wartime “weather cation of news about the 
man”, foe Dover journalist weather in general, as it might 
who provided national news- have assisted German 
papers with such of the infor- bombers, 
mation about the weather as But with the Germans on 
was permitted by war reguJa- ■ foe French coast after 1940, p- 
tions, died yesterday, at (he reporting of conditions over 
age of 90. foe English Channel - was al- 


Mr P.VJP. Mdknr 
and Mbs JA. Berry 
The marriage took place on 
Salurday. August 30, at St 
Peter's Church, Boughton, 


Yarborough . . 

The marriage took place on 
Sunday, S eptem ber "7, at St 
Mary's Church, Longworth. of 
Mr Giles Vicat, eider son of Mr 
and Mrs Alan Vicat, of 
Sborcham-by-Sea, Sussex, and 
Miss Jane Anthea Cooke-Yar- , 
borough, daughter of Mr and . 
Mrs Coobe-Yarborough, of i 
Longworth, Oxfordshire. The 
Rev William Sykes officiated, 
assisted by Canon H. Stuart. 

• The bnde. who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Laura Dawkins, 
and Bora. Robert and-Rosalind 
McLachtan. Mr Julian Gaisford 
Si Lawrenoe was best man. 

A reception was held at tbe 
home of foe bride and foe 
honeymoon is bong spent 
abroad. 

Mr NJP. Whishaw 
and Miss TA. Amort 
Tbe marriage took jdace on 
Saturday. September 6, at the 
Holy Cross Church, Binsted, 
between Mr Nicholas Paul 
Whishaw. eldest son of Mr 
Michael Whishaw and Mrs Ger- 
aldine Whishaw, and Miss 
Tatiana Amelia Arnott, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Eric 
Arnott. 

A reception was bdd at 
Trottsford Farm. 


age of 90. 

Born in Dover on January 
1 1, 1914, he started on the eld 
Dover Times, at halfa-crown 
a week in foe days before the 
First Worid- War. He joined 
the East Kent Regiment, foe 
Buffs, shortly after the out- 
break of hostilities in 1914, 
and served in France where he 
waswounded. 

In 1919 be joined foe Dover 
Express, where he spent foe 
rest of bis journalistic life. 
When war came again in 1 939, 


lowed, and, as foe man on foe 
spot, in Dover, Sutton provid- 
ed the front-page “Weather in 
foe Straits” hems, which were 
a feature of the front pages of 
most national newspapers.. 

He spent foe last fifteeen 
years of his career with the 
Dover Express as its editor, 
retiring in 1964. 

His wife, Daisy, .died four 
years ago, and he leaves one 
son. Another son was killed in 
action in foe last vrar. 


Piper’s clean sweep 

From Aligns NkhoL, Inverness 
LanceCorporal Alasdair Gillies Edinburgh, die Knightswood 
(QOH) won all the events he Ceilidh; Dora MacLeod, Cabar 
entered at the Northern Meeting Feidh; Miss Proud arid . tbe 
Piobaireachd competitions at Cockerel in tbe CreeL ' 
Inverness. Having taken the The fiiD results are as- follows: 

Silver : Medal and jig com- 
petitions. he went on to win the 
March, Strathspey and Reeland 
tbe group A Strathspey and 
ReeL 

This year instead of playing 
one march, one Strathspey and 
one Reel, each of them twice 
through, competitors had to 
play two of each. 

Lance Corporal Gillies won 
foe event with excellent perfor- 
mances of the 74ltf s Farewell to 



School announcements 


Old Feistedian reunion, for 
those at Felsted before 1940. on 
October 4 at the schooL Half 
term is from October 18 to 26 
and terra ends on December 13. 

Forest School 

Michaelmas Term ai Forest 
School commences today. In- 
dustry week will begin on Octo- 
ber 6. There will be an Old 
Foresters dinner on October 17. 
Term will end on December 12 
with the 120th annual Shake- 
speare play, Love's Labours 
Lost. A reunion for Old For- 
esters who left between 1960 
and 1965 will be bdd on 
September 21. The Cambridge 
University Old Foresters jubilee 
dinner will take place on 
November 7. Any Old Foresters 
who have not received details of 
these events should contact the 
Warden’s secretary. 


as Housemaster ofNo 9 and Mr 
&M. HHl succeeds the Rev.TJ. 
Wright as Housemaster ofNo 1. 
Mr MLT. Hine succeeds Mr N. 
Rosser as head of the geography 
department and Mr JXL Brown 
succeeds Mr WJ. Denny as 
director of art. D-R- Hunt is 
senior chapel prefect and FJ.L, 

Smith is junior chapel prefect. 
Tbe school play, a joint produc- 
tion with EBerafie School, is The 
Crucible by Arthur Miller and 
will be performed from October 
22 to 24. Tbe half term exeat is 
from Saturday, October 25 to 
Sunday, November 2. The 
Bishop of Worcester wfll con- 
duct a confirmation service on 
Sunday, November 30, and tbe 
Christmas concert win be heM 
on Saturday. December 6. The 
carol services are on December 
20 and 12. Term ends oa 
December 13. 


and 6, and tbe service of nine 
lessons and carols on December 
7. The new common room 
library has been completed dur- 
ing the summer holidays and 

work commences on foe new 
Horae Economics Centre and 
the changing rooms during n»h 
term. . 

Monmouth School 
Michaelmas Term at Mon- 
mouth School begins today and 
ends on Thursday, December 


Anderson (The Priory) is cap- 
tain of football. Old Reptonian 
day is on Septeniber 27. The 
musical society will join the 
school ofSt Mary and St Anne; 
Abbots Bromley, to perform 
Bach's Magnificat . and 
Mendelssohn's Symphony No 2 
in Pars School on November 
22 and at Abbots Bromley I on 
November 23. Term ends -on 
December 12. 

Sr Edward's School, Oxford 


oreds MrH£. niiffi|»8ssMQnd Oxford, starts today with Ben 
master; Mr JJ_ Hartley takes Saer as head of SchooL MrE.G S ■ 
oyer as housemaster of School Damriaw w cthvtwWL 


over as housemaster of School 
House and Mis F.P. Cambden 
of Wye House. MrLS. Holmes 


Danziger has succeeded Dr 
F.WJ. Parse ter as Housemaster 
of TiDy’s. The assessment week- 


Loughto rough Grammar School ... , 

Autumn Term ai Loughborough £•**?. 

Grammar School starts on w 

Wednesday September 10, with 

Jeremy Smith as head of schooL 2SSSS JrSSSlilS-mJ 
Speech day will be on Wednes- 
day. October 15. and foe chief 
^jest will be Viscoum Sandon. 

The annual London dinner of T-yffi. (Geiman). The school 


foe old Lpugh burians’ Assori- 
ation will be held on Friday. 
October 17, in Plaisterers' Hall 
when the chief speaker win be 
Dr John T. Stamper. Further 
details can be obtained from foe 
School. Term ends Thursday, 
December 18, 1986. 

Malvern College 
Autumn Term at Malvern Col- 
lege begins today. Mr WJ. 
Denny succeeds Mr NX Stewart 


MoinHoesfe play , A View from the Bridge, by 

Christmas Tern at Moira Arthur Miller wifl be presented 
House begins today and ends on from November 23 to 15 The 
Saturday, December 13. New carol service win lake pl a ce on 
members of the common room the last day of term, 
are Mr A. Burton (Economics), 

Mrs C. Dunn (Science) and Mrs Repton School 
T. Gibb (German), The school Micbaehxias Term at Repton 
knights are Catherine Jones and School begins today with 593 on 
Sbeena Rosier. We are pleased ihe roll and 284 at foe prepara- 
to announce foe award to the tiny schooL Mr J. McLaren has 


SatttS s & 2 

KStRukMU- ys?53?sadS?!Sr 

from November !3 to 15. The SrSwifom» SH». 


knigfrts are Catherine Jones and School begins today with 593 on 
Sbeena Rosier. We are pleased ihe roll and 284 ai ihe prepara- 
lo announce the award to the lory schooL Mr J. McLaren has 
school for the Rorer succeeded Mr D.B. Wilkinson 
Pharmaceuticals ScbofoisUpfor- as Housemaster of Tbe Orchard 
Science, and the first cantina- and Dr G. Paixy has succeeded 
tion for this scholarship will Mr B.K. Workman as 


take place on Saturday, Septem- 
ber 27, together with the Ingham 
sixth fbmz scholarshipexamina- 
tions. Tbe senior school produc- 
tion of The Wizard ofOz -will 
take place on December 4. 5. 


Housemaster ofTheCross. Miss 
G Bartlett. Miss H. Kirby, Miss 
H. Mortand and Mr O. 
Quaraishi have joined foe staff 
D:G- Canrring-Jones (New 
House) is head prefect and D J. 


St Swifomts School, Whidkester 
Miss Joan Jefferson ■ has taken 
U P her aj^iomtmem as Head- 
mistress. Autumn Term begins 
on Thursday, September 1 1. 

Warminster School 
nuchadmas Term commences 
at Warminster School tomorrow 
wfo 435 pupils on roll, .the 
highest ever recorded. Stratton 
Hotse for girls win be in use. for 
first Ume. and the entazge- 
™ ot . °* foe dining hall me 
^fofotshftfent of the English 
Block and the adaptations to The 
School have been edm- 
pieted. Term endson December 
12. with foe carol service. . 


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TOE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


THE ARTS 


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Television 

Dreamers 


.In these worrying times, the 
; .mbst marketable gift an actor 
can have is the ability to speak 
junk dialogue as if it had hem 
written by Nod Coward. 

Fortunately for the unhappy 
L millions who woe induced to 
'watch West of Paradise (TTV) 
on Sunday, Art Malik has this 
rirtoe coupled with the knack 
of strolling through g Jadl- 
crous plot with an air of 
'• unquenchable nobility. 

The action concerned a 
toothy pair of Shames who 
.^arrived in the Seychelles to 
. take delivery of a jewelled 
"crucifix bequeathed to them by 
-■their long-lost buck h™ 
grandfather. 

>; The good gnys mounted a 
boat for the rest of the pirate 
hoard, while the. had natives 
choked in the jungle until their 
idle, libidinous, superstitions 
i ■ natures brought them their 


- Had the scenario of this 
tropical treasure bant been 
written by Enid Blyton, it 
would new be banned from 
school libraries. 

... Indestructible spirit of a 
' different kind was the subject 
of A Piece Im The Sam (Chan- 
; nel 4, Sunday). This docn- 
' mentary introduced a handful 
Of the 132 dwMttwtflqfr of go 
" Afro-lrfeb marriage which 
; was contracted in Liverpool at 
! the end of the last centmy. 

- Most of the women of the 
family were social workers and 

- there were three brothers, two 
1 involved in entertainment and 
-• one in boating. 

The- most eloquent brother, 
1 Benue Wentoa, was a small- 
time entertainer whose phBos- 
ophy of Hfe was stratify based 
? oa the belief that nothing was 
‘ going to. get better, that die 
. city’s prosperity was 
\ anrepeataMe history, and that 

- bis role was to paint pictures 
frmq a nightdab stage to take 
his audience into a dream 

» world for a few boms. 

His brother simply snarled 
contempt at those who would 
i take the name of Toxteth as a 
synonym for despair. On 
stage, in £5 Oxfam suits 
trimmed with a few Hoe of 
sequins, the pair projected a 
fierce gaiety. 

This was a fine, classical 
documentary. 

Celia Brayfield 


Most famous for her novels, Nancy Mitford was also a prolific journalist. In this piece, 
first published in 1968 , she has a fresh and teasing go at changes in our language 

In defence of the Queen’s English 


Rip van Winkle was away for 20 
years when he returned be found 
that he was no longer governed by. 
Good King George III but was an 
American subject: the world bad 
completely changed and bis friends- 
were ail gone. 

I have been away 23 years when I 
return lam no longer governed by 
Good King George VI; I realize that - 
I am an American subject and that 
the world has completely dumped; 
but my friends are all prominent. 
Admittedly some are only prom- 
inent as failures or traitors, but very 
few have sunk into oblivion. 

My generation, which got off to 
such a poor start in the Twenties, 
has finished quite honourably. Who 
would ever have suspected it? 
Certainly not the grown-ups who 
loathed our short skirts, 
faces, drugging friends, wild parties 
and general bloody-mindedness. 

I well remember my father tum- 
inga now respected Tory squire out 
of the house for saying that, in his 
view. Nuise Cavell was a spy. Our 
contempt for anybody over 30 and 
for their heroes knew no bounds; 
our laughter crackled like thorns 
beneath the pot at the mere thought 
of such fashionable writers as 
Kipling. Masefield, Galsworthy and 
Barrie: in the world of art our 
favourite butt was Mannings. Had 
we known that posterity was to 
crown him with thousands of 
guineas hi the sale-room we would 
have been surprised indeed. 

The vernacular has changed 
considerably during the last 23 
years. One might suppose that this 
is due to a desire to commune even 
more deeply with our overlords but, 
although 1 am not very conversant 
with American, it seems to me that 
there is a certain native wildness 
about the changes and that they do 
not all come from the West 

Pronunciation has always varied 
from one generation to another and 
the Victorians talked differently 
from us. For instance, they often put 
an T before *a\ “He is not a 
m tarrying mi an, I believe?" was a 
phrase pregnant with meaning in 
the days before one called a spade a 
spade 

On the whole, people of my age 
pronounce words as the Oxford 
Dictionary suggests. The speech of 
the . present generation is very 
fanciful: neither spelling nor tra* 
dilion is taken into account 








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Nancy Mitford photographed at her house In Paris: ‘Look it np in a dictionary* 


“Dad" and “dud" are pro- 
nounced the same (and are no doubt 
considered to be so). “He is mud, 
bud and dangerous to know." 
“Pretty" and “poetry" have 
changed for the second time in my 
life; my parents said “prooey" and 
“poytry"; we said them as they are 
spelt and now I hear “prettee" and 
“poetree". 

-Other innovations I notice are: 
“cabimit", “officers" for “offices" 
“lomch" for “launch", “INcrease" 
“WestMINster”, “hostESS". 
“aciOR", “Azian" for “Asiatic" 
sounds odd, and I notice that Sir 
Alec Douglas-Home still says 
“Asiatic" and also “Kenya" instead 
of the fashionable “Kennya". 

Most of the BBC announcers use 
the new pronunciations, but they 


sound like Englishmen and their 
voices bear no relationship to the 
gargling and gurgling of the Voice of 
America. Mr Alvarly Dell (this is 
how I always thought it was spelt 
until I received my galleys from the 
editor) speaks English as I have 
been used to hearing it. 

If pronunciation does not matter 
very much, words used in a wrong 
context and faults of syntax do. 
G.M. Young used to say, let the 
English language take care of itself 
by which I think he meant don't 
fuss, the easy, simple way of saying 
something is the nght way. 

Too often one hears people on the 
wndss beginning an elaborate sen- 
tence — they flounder about for a bit 
and then break off with “you 
know". There is too much fuss and 


too much overemphasis. “Nobody 
has a good word for the PM" is 
blown up into “The PM is under- 
going character assassination"; 
“nowadays" is “this day and age"; 
people don't say anymore, they 
claim; a book is a book-length work. 

“This" has a horrid new role; it is 
nearly always used instead of “that" 
and often instead of “it" or “so". It 
creeps in everywhere, giving our 
language a curious hissing sound; it 
also serves the cause of over- 
emphasis: “This I believe to be 
true" instead of “I think so." What 
is that little word “up” up to? 
People don't meet, they meet up; 
they also think up, cook up, read up. 

“Personal" is another intruder 
“Mr Wilson's personal dog", “I 
wrote him a personal letter,” “Liz 


Burton's personal friend". “In fact" 
has its uses but not as a prelude to 
every sentence, and ! can't see that 
“well now" adds very much. “Well 
now. we have with us in the studio 
An undergraduate wrote to the 
head of his college: "I have arrived 
in Oxford and been advised to 
contact you." Reply. “You may 
have arrived but the verb to contact 
has noL" By the way, why are 
undergraduates always called stu- 
dents. To me a student is somebody 
in a Russian play. . 

Mr Roy Jenkins speaks attractive 
English and I was sorry to bear him 
saying “we don't have” for "we 
haven't got". I first heard this usage 
about 10 years ago at Manchester 
airport: “We don't have The 
Times." In any case it doesn't mean 
the same thing: “We don't have The 
Times, it's so horrid about Aunt 
Sally." The girl at Manchester 
meant The Times was sold oul 

The “basic" mentality is a real 
danger to our language. For some 
reason. Sir Winston Church took an 
interest in basic English and he once 
asked the late Duke of Devonshire 
to help him to popularize it. The 
Duke said: *“What is to hell with 
the Pope' in base?” They looked in 1 
the glossary. “The Holy Father 
must go to a hot spot." The Duke 
said that was not good enough. 

Of course it's not good enough, 
but basic is spreading like a spot of 1 
oiL No word not in current kinder- 
garten use may be introduced into 
the dialogue of a film. When 
working on a script 1 once wrote 
“ineluctable"; I was told to take it 
out at once as nobody would know 
what it meant. I protested that 
people are educated now — we know 
they are — the papers are full of 
schools, their buildings, their milk, 
their levels and their leaving age; if 
the scholars don’t know what 
“ineluctable" means, I said furi- 
ously, they can go home and look in 
the dictionary. 

It is all great nonsense. So far the 
basic-mongers have left Shake- 
speare alone, and yet people flock to 
his plays. If they do not understand 
every single word, who cares? 

This essay, a shortened version of 
one first written for The Listener, is 
taken from A Talent to Annoy. 
Essays , Journalism and Reviews by 
Nancy Mitford, published today by 
Hamish Hamilton under the editor- 
ship of Charlotte Mosley at £12.50. 


Ciicmob; 

reaction 

'loo sIo» t 

?;• 'Ivttilrs 


David Robinson reports from the Venice Film Festival 

Eroticism, comedy and terrorism 


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Mai Zetterimg’s first feature 
film Loving Couples, m 1964, 
was adapted from a novel by 
Agnes von Krusensfieroa. 
The scandal the film created 
in Cannes paralleled the 
outrage when von 
Krusensfierna's novel had 
begun to appear in Sweden 
14 years before. 

A couple of years later 
Night Gains. from 
Zetterling's own novel, 
caused riot in Venice: all but 
the jury and press were 
forbidden to see iu and the 
posters, bearing a Leonardo 
drawing, were blacked out 

Now. in Amorosa, 
Zetterling attempts a film 
portrait of this sympathetic 
spirit who died in 1940, the 
year before her own stage 
debut at 16. A compulsive 
writer from childhood, Agnes 
rebelled against the hypocrisy 
and emotional repr«skra of 
her aristocratic family. 

Cronically neorotic, she 
found a nurse, lover and 
Svengali in her much older 
-husband David Sprenger. 
Sprenger appears to have 
interpreted some of the more 
sensational, passages of 
perversion into her novels, 
which shattered taboos about ' 
sex and -the family. 

Zetterling portrays then- 
escalating fidie & deux with 
terrible intensities. Agnes, 
played by the Finnish actress 
Slina Ekblad is prey to 
visions as hysteria: the role of 
Sprenger reveals facets of 
Eriand Joseph son. barely rec- 



Sednctive images: a scene from The Wild White Pigeon 


ognizable as the cold-eyed 
erotomaniac. 

Director Nadia Tass was 
born in Masedonia and 
among other accomplish- 
ments is reckoned as one of 
the best Greek vocalists in 
Australia. .... 

Malcolm is an comedy 
about a do-it-yourself tech- 
nological wizard who suffers 
from severe social and emo- 
tional retardation. Fulfilment 
comes when he fells in with a 
dedicated criminal and 
adapts his tallent to bank 





.if- 





robbery. The home-grown 
special effects have much 
more charm and humour 
than the block buster hi-tech 
of Hollywood. 

There is more than a touch 
of misogamy in Ruthless 
People, a fast and fierce black 
comedy from Hollywood di- 
rected by Jim Abraham and 
David and Jerry Zucker. It 
has the merit of a single, 
strong comic idea (borrowed 
vaguely from O. Henry). 

Just as Danny de Vito is 
about to murder his mon- 
strous wife (Bette Midler), 
she is kidnapped by a couple 
of inept amateurs. The kid- 
nappers rapidly regret their 
crime as the happy husband 
refuses their clearance sale 
offers for this <xiious and 
obstreperous victim. 

And so to the 
Russians. Roman Balhjan's 
Protect Me My Talisman is a 
curious essay about a 
contemporary couple whose 
lives are disrupted by a poet 
under the influence- of Push- 
kin romanticism. 

The purposes of Sergei 
Sdoviec's The Wild White 
Pigeon are still more obscure 
though, there is purely meta- 
pboncal significance in the 
picture of the Soviet village, 
in the immediate post-war, 
foil of villains, blackmailers 
and other riff-raffs. The hero 
is a young boy who bravely 
defends his- treasured while 


the 70s, insisting that culture 
and competition do not mix. 
Now however the awards 
System is firmly reinstated 
and is as keenly debated by 
the local press as the football 
prospects. 

Eric Rohmer's Le Rayon 
Vert is the fevourite so fer 
with Angdoponlos' The Bee- 
keeper closely running up. A 
serious new contender though 
is Bertrand Tavernier's En- 
glish-language Round Mid- 
night as a loving tribute to 
the bee-bop era through the 
portrait of a black saxo- 
phonist 

The portrait elements are 
from the experiences of real 
life musicians. 

Sensitive observers forsee a 
major resurgence of radical 
terrorism in Germany, as the 
nuclear issue heightens mis- 
trust of governments. 
Reinhard Hauffs 

Siammheim. winner of the 
Berlin Festival Grand Prix. 
reopened the Baader-Meinhof 
case. 

Now the Swiss director 
Markus Imhoof dramatises 
The Journey, an auto- 
biographical essay-novel by 
Bernward Vesper, the 
Baader-Meinhof associate 
who lulled- himself in 1971. 

Vesper was the son of the 
Nazi poet W3I Vesper, and 
Imhoofs thesis is that the 
guilt of the father generates 
the rage of the children. The 


pigeons against the threat of process, he indicates, is 
this perilous society. If the continuous. The protagonist 

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meanings are obscure, the 
images are seductive. 

lialy .delights in. contests. 
After 90 years the Great 
Venice An Biennial now has 
its own Leone D’Oro (won. 
as we know, for -Britain by 
Frank Auerbach). 

The film festival, which 


(Imhoof changes the name) is 
accompanied on his fugitive's 
journey by his own small 
son. 

There is a frustrating 
ambivalence in the film's 
attitude u> the hero: though 
as in his earlier The Boat is 
Full . Imhoof shows a special 


originated as a side-event of skill, in translating fragments 
the Biennial abjured' prizes in of history into drama. 


Theatre 

The Broken Thigh 

Drill Hall 

The Broken 7 high is an 
adaptation, fry Tara Arts, of 
the mythological Indian epic, 
The Mahabharata. whose 
scope is nothing less than the 
story of the world, as Peter 
Brook demonstrated not so 
long ago at Avignon. 

Being a myth, it deals with 
this daunting largeness of 
experience by means of signs, 
allegories and archetypes. The 
beings who people this huge 
drama are somewhere be- 
tween gods and humans, 
characters of extravagant 
emotional compass and range 
who combine a daemonic 
capacity for the mischevious 
with a mortal taste for 
suffering. 

This bloody and remorse- 
less saga revels in the pic- 
turesque grandeur of combat 
and challenge and ordeal. At 
its end, we have witnessed a 
kind of Ragnarok. a human 
apocalypse which has laid the 
puzzle of life out in front of us 
tike a map. 

Although the drama is 
framed and manipulated by 
the god Krishna, who is telling 
the callow boy, Dinjaya, how 
be came into the world, the 
play’s central character is the 
boy’s father, Duryodhana, 
who is half arrogant chivalric 
warlord and half celestial 
troublemaker. It is he who sets 
things in a. broil, dividing a 
house of capricious prince- 
lings against each other, and 
stirring up the cupidity and 
greed which is to haunt 
civilization. 

Tara Arts stage this moral 
pageant with enormous 
flamboyance and energy, and 
the little arena of the Drill Hall 
swells with vivid spectacle and 
primary-colour magic Glow- 
ing red and blue lights pick out 
the savage feces and whirtygig 
combats-of the last conflict. 

Duryodhana and his fickle 
princely ally are played by 
women, who invest their war- 
like roles with a luxurious 
caricature of male pride. The 
presiding deity, Krishna, is a 
flashing-eyed wizard of harsh 
aphoristic wisdom. The 
squabbling, fighting and 
scheming are done with a. 
loud, fierce relish — a cartoon 
of human feeling rather than a 
literal representation. The 
director is Jatinder Venna. 

Set against the imperative 
of the tale, my reservations are 
quibbling. The evening is 20 
minutes too long and, for 
those not familiar with the 
material, too studded with 
names and detail to be 
dramatically comfortable. 

1 that if I once started to 
make notes 1 would not reuse 
my head again. But this is real 
myth, muscular and cruel, and 
quite unlike those quaint elfin 
imitations written by donnish 
mystics about furry-footed 
gnomes. 

Andrew Rissik 


Promenade concerts 


BBCSSO/ 
Maksymiuk 
Albert Hall/Radio 3 

It was perhaps as a celebratory 
gesture to the BBC Scottish 
Symphony Orchestra's 50th 
anniversary season that Kun 
Woo Paik chose Ravel's G 
major Concerto to play with 
them on Friday night . 

Scarcely since Mozart has a 
piano concerto bowed so gen- 
erously in the direction of its 
assorted woodwind soloists. 
The players certainly justified 
the spotlight shone on them in 
the first of their orchestra's 
two Prom appearances this 
season. 

The finely drawn oboe of 
the first movement, the 
strong, long breaths of the cor 
anglais in the second, and the 
nicely controlled trombone 
slides in the finale were all 
exuberantly cued in by Jerzy 
Maksymiuk. 

But it was still very much 
Kun Woo Paik's concerto. As 
a Ravel player par excellence. 
his fingotips can round out 
even the most percussive 
passagework so that it almost 
tidies by. He knows, too, how 
to create brilliance by patterns 
of light and shade as moch as 
by speed, and his training with 
Kempff has equipped him 
with that pearly evenness of 
trill and tremolando so fit for 
camouflage with Ravel's harp 
writing. 

Shostakovich’s First Sym- 
phony. that masterpiece of 
orchestration by which the 19- 
year-old composer proved 
himself was an equally en- 
couraging testimonial to the 
relationship between orch- 
estra and conductor. 

Maksymiuk's string train- 
ing was very much in evidence 
as the body of violins antici- 
pated the piano's taking in 
hand of the Scherzo’s threat- 
ening anarchy. And the 
broadening and lengthening of 
Maksymiuk's own interpret- 
ive insights during the 
partnership shone through his 
masterly generation of tension 

Rock 

Ska 

Gapham Common 

If was an imaginative move by 
Lambeth's amenity services to 
present a line-up comprising 
the latest British ska revivalist 
bands, the Potato 5 and the 
Deltones, together with Des- 
mond Dekker, one of the early 
Jamaican exponents of the 
Sixties genre from which 
reggae developed. 

But the spontaneous dance 
floor excitement traditionally 
associated with ska's buoyant 
off-beat rhythms foiled to 
materialize on this dry grey 
autumnal afternoon in the 
park. 

As the audience wandered 
around munching nil manner 


Hilary Finch 


towards the finale's last great 
battle of rhythm with melody. 

For their second Pram concert 
with their principal conduc- 
tor, Jerzy Maksymiuk, the 
BBC Scottish Symphony Or- 
chestra presented themselves 
as patron of contemporary 
orchestral music in Scotland. 

The orchestra has been 
loyally performing the works 
of John Maxwell Geddes for 
20 years, and they brought | 
with them his Voyager ; 
commissioned by the BBC ' 
and first performed on the 
orchestra’s home ground at 
their 50th anniversary concert 
last November. 

Tippett was not the only 
composer to be inspired by the 
return of Halley’s comet. But, 
unlike The Mask of Time, 
Geddes's Voyager flashes past 
in a fleet 10 minutes, as vivid 
and elusive as the comet itself. 

It is true roace music in 
both senses of the word: the 
sound world so imaginatively 
created is one of hovering 
wind dusters, of string gli*- 
sandi and of flares of melody 
in brass and pitched percus- 
sion embedded in canonic 
nebulae. 

This central, brief canonic 
study is framed by a sequence 
of ideas in mirror Image, as 
Voyager comes and then goes: 
an unstable unison punc- 
tuated by percussive chords 
slapped out on the bowstrings 

Mozart's Oboe Concerto in 
C major was, by contrast, 
decidedly of the earth, earthy. 
The meeting of Maurice 
Bourgue's reedy, vigorously 
physical oboe playing with 
Maksymiuk’s typically jaunty, 
purposeful chamber-orches- 
tral accompanying made for a 
robust performance. 

It had a bracing effect after a 
secure but also uncharacteris- 
tically safe reading of 
Sibelius's Third Symphony, in 
which the composer's varied 
and. distinctive divisions and 
groupings of notes were 
subordinated to smooth, 
strong contours. 


of nourishing wholefood and 
vegetarian snacks washed 
down by copious quantities of 
lager, the Deitones played 
with inoohetive bon homie. 
The 1 1 -piece band offered an 
original lightweight pop vari- 
ant of the bluebeat pulse but 
suffered from indecisive mu- 
sicianship and a superfluity of 
unison vocalists (three in all). 

The Potato 5 was fer more 
capable, but seemed dread- 
fully hidebound by the ska 
legacy, as to hear them play a 
song like “Western Special", 
rigorously recreating the 
sound of the Specials or early 
Madness — which was itself a 
feteful recreation of the work 
of original artists such as 
Prince Buster— was like watch- 
ing another Russian doll 
emerging, inevitably smaller 
than the Ibsl 


PUBLISHING , 


Left on 
tiie shelf 

What, when il is unwrapped 
and set up in the market place, 
is a Literature Centre? I doubt 
whether I would have to ask 
such a question in France, 
where it would haw been 
unthinkable for one of 
Malraux's Maison de Culture 
not to have devoted much of 
its resources to words. 

In Britain, though, we do 
things differently, which is 
why it was not until 1983 that 
the Edinburgh International 
Festival had a Book Fair. And 
that takes place only every 
other year. 

I asked the question in the 
first place because a sharp and 
determined lady called Rose- 
mary Slones managed to get 
the GLC. when that organiza- 
tion was tottering on its last 
legs, to allow her to open 
BOOKSPACE in what had 
been the Grand Restaurant in 
the Royal Festival Hall. 

Into BOOKSPACE. at a 
high speed with much ingenu- 
ity. Ms Stones poured ex- 
hibitions. lectures, poetry 
readings and like. Quite 
quickly the space began to 
assume a shape and at- 
mosphere. in early March for 
instance, there was an evening 
with Two Poets From the 
Pages of the London Review of 
Books, Fiona Piit-Keihley and 
Hugo Williams, with Give 
James in the chair. Three 
nights later there was A Trib- 
ute to Geoffrey Grigsoa in 
which Paul Bailey, Richard 
Boston, Peter Levi, Philip 
Oakes and P. J. Kavanagh 
look pari. There was also a 
fascinating exhibition of 
books set in London. 

When the GLC came to an 
end. BOOKSPACE followed 
quickly after, though the 
bookshop element was al- 
lowed to linger for a little 
longer at a lower level (of the 
building not the brow). It was 
alleged that Richard Pulford. 
the General Director of the 
South Bank Board, was 
particularly unsympathetic to 
Literature when Deputy Sec- 
retary-General of the Arts 
Council, while Nicolas Snow- 
man. the Ariistic Director, 
was more interested in Boulez 
and Berg than Balzac and 
Brookner. 

To offset this a little, the 
South Bank Board itself con- 
tains, among others. Simon 
Jenkins. Nigel Walmsley, 
Lord Rayne and Sir Roy 
Strong, all of whom have 
shown favourable reactions to 
books from time to time; and 
Lord Weidenfeld. who pub- 
lished and lives by them. It 
was the last-named. I suspect, 
who ensured that Rosemary 
Stones and her colleague, Ira 
O’Flaherty, were given a three 
month remit to write a pro- 
posal for a South Bank Lit- 
erature Centre. 

There had been quite a lot 
of protest when BOOKSPACE 
was forced to close. The Arts 
Council decided that it could 
no longer keep its excellent 
Poetry Library at 105 Picca- 
dilly. The South Bank Lit- 
erature Centre would surely be 
an ideal alternative home. 

In France no such struggle 
would have had to take place 
over the establishment of the 
Centre. The Centre Pompidou 
has an open-access library, the 
Bibliolbeque Publique 
d’ Information, that is one of 
the principal features of that 
exciting complex. Boulez 
might be in the basement, but 
books for all are on the first 
floor on bright green shelves. 

Needless to say. the Stones 
proposal strongly recom- 
mended the establishment of a 
Literature Centre. It was 
submitted to the South Bank 
Board over two months ago, 
since when nothing has been 
heard of its progress, not even 
by its two authors. The Grand 
Restaurant, meanwhile, is 
reverting to its former use. 
Literature needs such a focal 
point just as much as the other 
arts. BOOKSPACE’s ability to 
celebrate Geoffrey Grigson or 
Christopher Isherwood im- 
.mediately after their deaths 
shows just how much a great 
capital city, and one renowned 
for its arts , requires such a 
place. Or is Literature once 
more to be given the same sort 
of treatment it was in the Arts 

Council's The Glory of the 
Garden and relegated to the 
outer suburbs? 

X.Libris 

Desmond Dekker in 
customised army fetigues 
strutted the stage with the stiff 
pelvic motions of a man 
preparing for a limbo dance 
and sang old hits like “It 
Miek" and “007”, but sadly 
has become a cabaret ham. 

His formidable backing vo- 
calists, the Aces, have gone, to 
be replaced by his manager, 
Delroy Williams in the role of 
a bluff MC. who made an 
elaborate fuss before Dekker 
could be “persuaded" to sing 
“Israelites", his most famous 
hit. 

By this time some of the 
audience had already drifted 
round to where an alternative 
sound system was operating in 
noisy competition behind the 
bandstand. 

David Sinclair 





THE TIMES MONDAY SEP! EMBER 8 1986 


Enthronement of Archbishop Tutu 


No move 


Dr Runcie ‘breaks law’ inCabTnet 
in Cape Town speech changes 


In a blaze of Anglican ritual 
and to the sound of joyous 
African singing and trium- 
phant trumpet fanfares, the 
Most Revd Desmond Mpilo 
Tutu was enthroned yesterday 
as the eleventh, and first 
black. Lord Archbishop of 
Cape Town, and head of the 
Anglican church in southern 
Africa. 

In his enthronement speech, 
or charge, from the pulpit of 
the Cathedral Church of St 
George the Martyr. Arch- 
bishop Tutu told some 1400 
invited guests, in which mem- 
bers of the Government were 
conspicuous by their absence, 
that the Church was bound to 
lake the side of the poor, the 
hungry and the powerless. 

After the enthronement the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. Dr 
Robert Runcie, told some 
] 0.000 people at a mass open- 
air celebration of the Eu- 
charist: “Here in South Africa 
an old order is dying. As we 
watch, we experience all the 
agony, doubt and uncertainty 
which surround death." 

Dr Runcie appeared to 
break South African law by 
quoting from the speech made 


Front Michael Hornsby, Cape Town 
tl bv Mr Nelson Mandela, the bi 


by Mr Nelson Mandela, the 
jailed leader of the African 
National Congress, at his trial 
in 1964. in which be spoke of 
having fought "against white 
domination and against black 
domination" for the "ideal of 
a democratic and free soc- 
■ iety". 

Neither attendance at the 
Eucharist celebration, held in 
a showground on the outskirts 
of Cape Town, nor the ir- 
repressible enthusiasm of 
massed African choirs, ap- 
peared much dampened by 
rainy, blustery weather. 

Preaching a sermon from a 
blue and white canopied dais. 
Dr Runcie. who is the head of 
the world-wide Anglican 
communion of some 65 mil- 
lion people, said he did not 
want “to speak smooth words 
of peace where there is no 
peace". 

He went on to say, however, 
that “as no system based on 
brutal repression can endure, 
so no change achieved by 
violence can escape its damag- 
ing infection. These are the 
lessons of history. They are 
the message of the Cross”. 

Dr Runcie described Arch- 









Archbishop Totn waving to well-wisbers as he arrives fur his 
enthronement at St George’s Cathedral yesterday. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Princess Anne opens Park 
Junior School Storehouse. 
Gloucestershire. 2; then, opens 
the new premises of Mecanaids. 
St Catherine St, Gloucester. 
3. 10; and visits Indalex Limited, 
to celebrate their 25th Anniver- 
sary. King's Ditch Lane, 
Cheltenham. 4.25. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens the Tenth Internationa] 
Numismatic Congress. Institute 
of Education. University of 
London. Bedford Way, WC1. 
S.55. 

Princess Alexandra opens the 
Home Reach Project. Red Cross 
House. Mackintosh Rd. Inver- 
ness. 3. 

New exhibitions 
Contemporary patchwork 
and quilting: Midlands Arts 
Centre. Cannon Hill. 
Edgbaston: Mon to Sat 10 to 
5. 15 (ends Sept 27). 


Photographs by John Kerr; 
Corridor Gallery, Largan Col- 
lege of Further Education, 
Kitchen Hill: Mon to Fti 9 to 5 
(ends Sept 30). 

Mid-Course Exhibition; 
Squires Foyer Gallery, New- 
castle Polytechnic, Sandyford 
Rd: Mon to FH 9 to 4 JO (ends 
Sept 26). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Paintings and prints by Eric 
Gilboy: Photographs by Val 
Corbett; Engraved Glass by 
Anne Mieke-Lumsden; 
Wetheriggs Country Pottery. 
Clifton Cykes. Penrith, Cum- 
bria: Mou to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 


Sept 30). 

Caerieon-Isca: Revealing the 
past; Roman Legionary Mu- 
seum. Caerleon, Gwent; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 1. 2 to 5, Sun 2JQ io 5 
(ends Sept IS). . 

1100 Years of Mining His- 
tory: National Museum of 
Wales. Main Building, Cathays 
Park. Cardiff; Mon to Sat 10 to 
5. Sun 2 JO to 5 (ends Oct 10). 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,145 



ACROSS 

i Appeals for guidance in 
addition ( 6 ). 

5 Unsettled individual mak- 
ing complaint about a bad 
turn ($). 

9 One not put out b> people’s 
wa\ of speaking ( 10 ). 

10 Ram in scattered drops - a 
coastal feature (4). 

11 Great disadvantage in solid 
fuel {$). 

12 Present requiring careful 
handling (61 

13 She'D take no more than 
two halves of mild (4). 

15 The writer of “Love Jsn’i 
Free” (8). 

18 Noticing jar when in pain 
(SI. 

19 Sound post for a man (4). 

21 Curb or show indignation? 

( 6 ). 

23 Composed of rock as found 
in the sea (Sk 

25 For Americans, a good place 
for a break! (4). 

26 Prodigal having a piglet for 
disposal (10). 

27 Orders to go without coun- 
sel. though they will Ik paid 
(S). 

28 Engineers getting the wrong 
answer (6). 

DOWN 

2 Allowed no credit - that can 
slow things down (S). 


3 He'll defend a ball-game on 
a private road (9). 

4 Dispute over quarters m 
shoa supply ( 6 k 

5 He carved a fish and an ani- 
mal into beams (8,7). 

6 Having the same natural gift 
( 8 ). 

7 Sound purchase, a male 
beast (5). 

S Cooking ruins veal in gen- 
eral (9). 

14 Tense, being poor (9). 

16 Such soft illumination 
might pall if distorted (9). 

17 Over-subtle word game 
following Forfeits (4-4), 

20 Wood on each side round a 
square stone (6). 

22 Distressed did copper re- 
turns flog (5). 

24 Do some engraving in Latin 
terms? (5). 



Concise Crossword page 10 


bishop Tutu, who won the 
Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, as 
“a man of love, vision and 
peace, whose valiant stand for 
Christ has brought such life 
and hope to South Africa, and 
for beyond”. 

Although no members of 
the Government were invited 
to the enthronement cere- 
mony, Archbishop Tutu asked 
die congregation to pray for 
President P.W. Botha "and 
those in authority under him”. 

Archbishop Tutu said be 
abhorred violence, both "the 
violence of an unjust system 
such as apartheid and that of 
those who want to overthrow 
it”, but whiles had to remem- 
ber that organizations like the 
outlawed African National 
Congress only “opted for the 
armed struggle” after they 
were banned. 

Archbishop Tutu insisted 
he would tell the world. “Put 
your sanctions plans on hold”, ; 
if President Botha would end 
the emergency, remove troops 
from the townships, free de- 
tainees and political prisoners, 
and open negotiations with 
“the authentic representatives 
of every section of our 
community”. 

In the meantime, the onus 
was was on those opposed to 
sanctions to “provide us with 
a viable non-violent strategy 
to force the dismantling of 
apartheid. Remember that the 
Government has rejected gen- 
tle persuasion”. 

Among Archbishop Tutu's 
guests was Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, wife of the jailed 
ANC leader, who was cheered 
and mobbed as she entered 
and left the cathedral 

None of the much-publi- 
cized American showbnswess 
personalities invited to the 
ceremony turned up, either 
because they could not find 
time or feared they would be 
refused visas. 

• JOHANNESBURG: South 
Africa reported continued vi- 
olence in the sprawling blade 
township of Soweto yesterday 
and said two men had been 
killed in black-aga inst-black 
violence in eastern Cape Prov- 
ince during the weekend (Reu- 
ter reports). 


Continne from page 1 

spending on health but said 
that public demand for 
improvements in health care 
was running well ahead of any 
provision that could be made 
through the National Health 
Service. 

'The strongest candidates fin* 
promotion from, under-sec- 
retary to minister of state are 
Mr David Meilor. at the 
Home Office, Mr John Major, 
at the DHSS, and Mr David 
Hunt at the energy 
department 

Mrs Thatcher may satisfy 
the right with some of her 
promotions from the 
backbenches. Mr Peter Lilley, 
Parliamentary Private Sec- 
retary to the Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, and Mrs Ed* 
wina Currie and Mr Chris- 
topher Chope may enter the 
Government for the first lime, 
as could Mr Richard Ryder, 
Parliamentary Private Sec- 
retary to Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary. 

The Government’s diffi- 
culties in finding talent in the | 
Lords have been underlined 
with the confirmation that the 
Earl of Swinton, a whip and 
agriculture spokesman, is 
resigning. 

That follows the departure 
last week of Lord Elton, the 
highly regarded Minister of 
State in the Department of the 
Environment, and the resigna- 
tion last year of Lord Gowrie. 

This week’s reshuffle will be 
accompanied by a new elec- 
tion alert from Mr Norman 
Tebbit, the Conservative 
Party chairman. 

He is writing to local party 
chairmen asking them to 
make sure that all known 
Conservative supporters are 
registered next month for next 
year's local elections and. of 
course, the general election. 
He will tell them to be ready to 
open the campaign at any 
time. 

The letter marks the open- 
ing of Mr Tebbil's Campaign 
*87, which will be officially 
launched at the party con- 
ference. Mr Tebbit clearly 
wants the party to be ready for 
an election in June next year if 
the Tories have a lead in the 
opinion polls by then. 



Hijack 
survivors 
leave * 
Karachi 

Coo tinned from page 1 
to be alive," Dr TJ. Bhattia 
said at the hospital yesterday. 

Another British -passport 
holder who was badly injured 
was Mr Hardial Singh 
Mathara, a Sikh aged 36. who 
was flown out of Karachi on 
board an American govern, 
ment transport plane on Sat. 
urday. bound for Wiesbadaj| j 
in West Germany. " i 

He went with his wife, three 
children and a niece. He is a 
clothing manufacturer in 
Coventry. . ‘ . 

He was shot m the tack 
when the terrorists opened op 
on their helpless victims, but 
despite his wounds he re* , 
turned to the plane to help his 
family oul 

A third ' British passport i 
holder was only slightly him ! 

After a great many conflict- ! 
lira statements by Pakistani 
officials, it is now more or less 
accepted that there were od'v 
four hijackers involved in tire 
seizure of the Pah Am jumbo 
jet. 

It is also accepted that all 
four of them are alive. Indeed 
only one received any wound 
at all He is the group's leader, 
Mr Boomar Husain, a Bah- 
raini Brigadier Mahmud was 
reported yesterday as saying 
that he personally shot the 
man. 

It was suggested that one 
cause of the confusion over 
the number of hijackers was 
the fact that a Pan Am loader, 
who was trapped on board the u 
plane, hid in the toilet wfaetf 
the final firing started. When 
it died down he came out and 
rushed for the open doorway, 
only to be cut down . by toe 
security fortes, who thought 
he was a hijacker in uniform. 

The four hijackers are be- 
lieved to have travelled unto 
documents giving them dit 
ferent nationalities: Syrian 
and Lebanese. 

• LONDON: A Briton who 
was thought to have been 
killed in the hijacking has 
been found alive, but serous)} 
injured, in a Karachi hospital 
the Foreign Office said in 
London last night (Our For- 
eign Staff writes). 

Mr Saqjay Patel, who lives 
in California, was found by 
British Consulate staff 


w . I 

■ 




*■ •»' .i -*5 

: '\™v • 

I*' 

L#* 1 • 


again* 

fxfendi 11 ^ 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Model Rail * 86 : working lay- 
outs and model railways; Colne 
Valley Leisure Centre, 
Slaithwaite, Huddersfield; Sat 
10 to 8 , Sun 10 to 5 (ends Sept 
7). 

Monsoon: work by Charles 
Garrard;, Ikon Gallery, 58-72 
John Bright St, Birmingham; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 6 (ends Oct 4) 
Work by Bridget Riley: Mac- 
La urin Art Gallery. Rozelle 
Park. Ayr; Mon to Sat 1 1 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Oct II) 

Claudette Johnson: Recent 
work including portraits from ; 
Moss Side: City An Gallery, : 
Mosely Sl Manchester; Mon to ; 
Sat 10 to 6 , Sun 2 to 6 (ends Oct | 
5). 

1086 and all that! Domesday 
Derbyshire; Museum and Art 
Gallery, The Strand: Derby, ; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Oct 4). i 
Paul Fripp (1890-1945);; 
Cheltenham Art Gallery and 
Museum, Clarence Su Mon to 
Sal 10 to 5.30 (ends Oct 18). 

150 Years with the Stirling 
Observer Smith An Gallery 
and Museum, Dumbarton Rd. 
Stirling: Wed to Sun 2 to 5. Sat 
10.30 to 5 (ends Feb 28. 1987 
Charles Hamilton Sorlcy: 
First World War memorabilia; 
Central Library. George IV 
Bridge, Edinburgh; Mon to Fri 9 
to 9. Sat 9 to I (ends Oct 17). 

Last chance to see 
French prints and drawings; 
.An Gallery and Museum, 
Kelvingrove. Glasgow; 10 to 5. 
Talks, lectures 

I Like Auld Hawick, by Ian 
LandelJs: Evergreen Hal), 
Hawick. 7.30. 

Miller and his mill by Peter 
Ellis: Lake District National 
Park Visitor Centre. Brockhole. 
Windermere. 1. 

Women of Europe, by Dr 
Elizabeth Val lance: Sheffield 
Okl Town Hall, Surrey Su 7 JO. 


Nature notes 

Willow wartrfers ting quietly 
in garden trees rathe morning, 
as they pass through on their 
skw journey -to -'Africa, hfiany 
black-headed gulls are bad: in 
the paries, where they shin lines 
on the newly erected goalposts. 
Lesser blade-backed gulls are 
also drifting down In ones- or 


also drifting down in ones- or 
twos from Scotland. 

Many of the blackbirds feed- 
ing on the dewy grass are in the 
middle of their moult; the males 
often have grey patches round 
the head and nedc. Most star- 
lings have moulted, and ac- 
quired their winter plumage. 
They are very glossy, sparkling 
birds, since all their shiny black 
feathers have got pale tips. 
Collared turtle doves are still 
singing here and there, they like 
to tit on the weather vane on a 
village church. 

The first brown leaves are 
falling from lime trees, and 
quickly crumbling on the pave- 
ments. On turkey oaks, the 
acorns are swelling ra their hairy 
green cups. 

Painted lady butterflies mi- 
grated to Britain in the spring, 
and their neat, bright progeny 
are now on the wing. Silver- Y 
moths are also summer visitors 
whose young have just emerged: 
they visit flowers at dusk, and 
often come into lighted houses 
airtight. 

DJM 

Open opportunity 

There is still time to apply to ; 
study a tingle course with the 
Open University next year. 
Students can choose from over 
130 wide ranging courses from 
the Arts to Technology and 
Education. Applications should 
be in by 6 October. 

Further information can be 
obtained from ASCO. Open 
University. PO Box 76, Milton 
Keynes. MK7 6 AN. 


Roads 

Wales and the West: MS: 
Roadworks between junctions 
25 ahd- 26 (A385/Bridgewaier) 
an southbound caniassway. M 
Bam:' Traffic restrictions on 
■London-Rd; expect delays. AS: 
Single line trafficand temporary 
lights between Whittington and 
CWrigdrydion. 

The North: M61: Inside lane 
of both carriageways dosed at 
Blaoow Bridge# A54: Roadworks 
on by-pass at Kelsall HilL 
A69/A6127: Improvement 
work at Eighton Lodge junction, 
delays. 

Scotland: A74: (M> Four 
contraflows in operation be- 
tween Lesmahagow and 
Crawford, serious delays at 
Poneil BR Interchange. ASt 
Single line traffic between Aber- 
■deen and Montrose, long delays. 
M80/A80: Contraflow near 
junction 4 (Haggs Arew), 
lengthy delays. 

Information soppHed by the AA 

Flying high 

The Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds reports. a 
successful year for one of 
Britain's rarest birds of prey, the 
red kite. 

Using sophisticated electronic 
equipment, a protection scheme 
was mounted and despite severe 
weather and nest robberies, 29 
young were raised, the highest 
number this century. Further 
information can be obtained 
from Roger Lovegrove. RSPB 
Wales Officer, Newtown. 

Parking schemes 

A circular clarifying the leg- 
islation on 'shared* on-street 
parking schemes and other re- 
lated matters which comes into 
force today is available from 
HMSO, price. £0.70p.. 


Weather 

forecast 

Cool northerly airflow 
o ver the British Isles with 
an anticyclone near Ice- 
land and an area of low 
pressure ever Scan- 

d inn v ia. 

dam to midnight - . 

London, SE. caniral S, E, MW, 
central N England, East Anglia. 
Mtdtandj, N wales: Rather doudy, 
a Itttfe rain in places, sunny intervals 
developing; wind westerly. Wit, 
locally moderate; max temp 17C 
(83F). 

Channel Wanda, SW England, S. 
Wales: Rather doudy. some out- 
breaks of rain in places; wind 
westerly, Gghfc max temp 17C (63F). 

late of Man, Lake District, SW 
Scotland, Glasgow, Argyll, north- 
ern Ireland: Sunny Intervals; iso- 
lated showers; wind northwesterly; 
moderate; max temp 15C (59F). 

NE England, Borders, Edbiburgh 
and Dunam,. Central Highlands: 
Sunny intervals, occasional show- 
ers; wind northwesterty, moderate 
or fresh: max temp 14C (57F) 

Aberdeen, Moray firth, I&, NW 
Scotland, Orkney, Shetland iaunny 
intervals and showers, perhaps 
heavy; wind northerly, fresh or 
strong; max temp 12 C (54f). 

Outlook for . tomorrow and 
Wednesday: Cool with surety Inter- 
vals. Also showers in places, es- 
pecially in northern and exposed 
eastern areas. Sleet showers on the 
mountains of northern Scotland. 
Night frost in places. 



NOONTOPAT | ' 




f 


D-Mue ay: DC-raw saor ana CTOwa: c- 
doudy: oovonst f4og: a-artmp: h- 
h»ii: mSffif-isdst: r-raln: s-snow: Ut- 
ttnxMtarstorm: jMshowers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed (mjjfi) circled. Temperature 
centigrade. 


High Tides 


TODAY AM 

London Brito 5.10 
A hul l — -4.15 

AvonmoaOi 1084 

B«Out 2.02 

CanWf 1019 

Pu m ped 9-85 

Dover 157 

Ftenouth 8.35 

Glasgow 346 

Krewfch 304 

w* 


HT PM 

72 5.17 
AA 452 
13.1 1049 
35 024 
12JJ 1034 
54 9.14 
65 2.17 
31 8.44 
42 423 


H : 

131 C’“ V 
33 -k-V-. 
12-1 ‘- C < - 
54 

63 f" 

H fcv, 


MMQHlHa 

SET' 


Portland 

Porianoua 

SfconlMffl 


384 

48 

3.18 

41 


1.15 

6.7 

159 

KT 


927 

75 

957 

72 

■■v, 

9.19 

98 

954 

an 


5A7 

55 

6.17 

52 

• 53 -- 

2.16 

95 

257 

82 


1244 

25 

12.43 

ZB 

^ 7-, ... 

3.13 

4.7 

3.12 

42 


952 

65 

9-47 

62 

]-/ ' ' • "* ■ 

824 

6J9 

859 

62 


857 

35 

985 

42 

■» fc *■ l . 

It 

aoe 

5.4 

8.18 

55 

•Iw^ A r.: ., 

1051 

2.1 

1041 

21 


252 

45 

383 

4J 

■^3 h,/. - 

2.16 

62 

ZAO 

82 


1AB 

45 

Z15 

42 

.'foiilu.. 

953 

9.4 

950 

9A 

, 4 'l 1 ,' ■!,„ 

644. 

55 

7.14 

52 


381 

45 

389 

45 




Around Britain 


e 1154am 

firs quarter September 11 ' 


Lighting-up time 


The pound 


AusttafiaS 251 259 

Austria Sch 2240 2150 

BtfahmFr 6845 8255 

Canada S 2.14 25$ 

Denmark Hr 11 XI 1157 

Finland Mkk 7.78 72B8 

France FT 103S 955 

German y Dm 3.175 1005 

Greece Dr 20400 19250 

Hong Kong S 1155 1143 

Ireland Pt 1.153 1593 

Italy Urn 220050 206000 

Japan Van 24400 23000 

KsOnitanda (9d 356 &39 

Norway Kr 1159 1079 

Portugal Eac 22500 21350 

SonthAMcalld 470 450 

Spain Pta 20000 19650 

Sweden Kr 10.74 1019 

Swttzedandflr 257 243 

USAS 156 149 

YtigoataviaDnr 77550 67550 

Raw for smaB dan om nai io n tank nows 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Ditfarem rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 
twsness. 

Ratal price bidec 384J 

London The FT ndtx dosed up 4.1 et 
1338.4 on Friday 

Anniversaries 

Births Richard I (reigned 

1189-99). Oxford. 1157; 
Frederic Mistral, poet. 
Bouches-du-Rh&ne. 1830; 
Amouiu Dvorak, Nelabozeves. 
Czechoslovakia. 1841. 

Deaths George Bradshaw, 
originator of railway guides. 
Christiania. Norway. I8S3; 
Richard Strauss. Gannisch- 
Porienkirchen. Germany. 1949: 
Andre Derain, painter. Garches. 
France. 1954. 

William IV crowned. 1831. 


London S52 pm to 555 an 
Mata! B.T2 nn to 655 wn 
Edfafoorgb GUtepm to 652 « 


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mmn me right to amend tne Rules. 

to in any dispute, -me Etniorx 
decision is tmal and. no correspon- 


■ i'ii -I' "7; J ^ i 


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The aboie instruafloro a re » 
pHcaUe u both daBy. and weehiy 
dtvtdend date**- 


S 320 pm to 652 an 
ter 8.13 pm to B.01 am 

» 822 mu 6.18 am 

Yesterday 


Temperatures at trtdday yesterday: c, 
doutt; (.fain r. ralm s, sun. 

C F - CF 

Ballast S.14S7 Guefflcoy C1559 
gn a u l imi a 1559 fcwsmew r 1254 
Bbdmool f 1457 Jersey . f 1559 
Bristol 11661 Londo n S1864 
Cardiff s 1763 MTHctastar s 1457 
Edtotargh 11457 Mwecsstla c U57 
Oasgoar c 1355 FrMdmqr s 1457 


Bond winners 

Winning . premium bond 
numbers in the September draw 
for £10.000 prizes are: 2GS 
381197 (whmer lives in Somer- i 
set), SMS 461390 (Derbyshire), 
20 PF 974123, (Overseas), 8 QW 
777176 (Northants), 7XB | 
488983 (South Humberside) j 

Onr address 

toformalion for inclusion In The 
Tlm« be 

wtit Mr Tho Eduor. TTTS. The Twm. 
ta Street. London. 


Son Rota 
hr* in 

EAST COAST 
Scartmo x 

BridSngton 7.2 . 

Owner 72 . 

Lowastoft 97 . 

Oacton 105 - 

^SfracQASr * 
Fofc e ewe 115 - 

Hesrings 115 . 

Eastbourne 11.6 

Brighton 105 ' 

wortMng 10.3 - 

UB M Wtp ta t 105 . 

BognorR 115 

S t wm e t ta 102 - 

Ssadoum 125 . 


Boum*mfli 8J - 

Ptxite 95 . 

Swanege 10.7 . 

Weyn touth 115 . 

Exmoteh. 105 . 

TsignriHMtfi 104 

Tonp«r 11.4 . 

Fttxutta 1Q2 . 

Rancneo 115 - 

Jaraar 115 - 

Guaranv 108' 
WEST COAST 
SeMjrMae 115' - 
NteHtusy 12.1 > 


18 64 sunnv . 
18 64 bright 
18 64 bright 

20 68 sunny 
18 64 stmy 
IB 64 SUny 

17 63 sunny 

16 64 sunny 

17 63 sunny 
17 63 sumy 
17 63 sunny 
17 63 surety 

17 63 sunny 

18 64 surety 

19 66 sunny 

19 68 sunny 
19 66 sumy 

17 63 sunny 
17 63 surety 

17 63 any 

18 64- surety. 
17 63 sumy 
17 63 aunty 

21 70 surety 

19 66 sumy 

17 63 sunny 
19 .66 surety 


Sun Rain Max 
In in C F 

mauinjtw x . 16 fii gamy 

TJttp _ 55 - 15 50 sumy .4 

CehqnBay 6.6 - 15 B9 duS - 

gorapttbe 02 - 14 57 dm 

DdooNhi 15 - 15 58 doudy 

.BK3LAMO AND WALES 
Cretan 10.1 . - 20 68 surety 

Wham Atapt 55 - 16 6t tariff 

(Ctr*i ae -.it S3 surety 

CndVrfCbQ 98 - 16 61 sunny 

Attaaev 05 - 15 59 rioufr 

WpoolAbpt 1.1 15 59 doudy 

- Manrh ai ta r 0.1 - 14 57 doudy 

HpMn B ham 35 - 15 59 br^S 

ifcri-b-Tyng 4 a - 15 59 sumy 

CariWe ai - 13 65 ctau* 


15 59 surety 
13 65 daft 


SCOTLAND 
gW ta n wir - 86 
tomsmek - .12 

- 05 - 

g* - 72 85 

sssr u it 

SL. ’8 : 

A b arda n as 

SfflS" 8 : 

NORTHERN BRELAND 
Ralfsej . . 


Thtatata tare Saturdays figures 

Abroad 


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sunny 
sunny 
bright 
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cloudy 


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PO Sox 7. 1 Virginia 
El 9XN 


Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will tie raised 
today ai 1 1 »rn. 2 pm. 3J0 pm. 
5.10 pm and 7.1 5 pm. 


ffiss liggss liiSKsf >a 

Afojrttata e 29 04 Cwfo ISS JSgB* * » 7B Salzburg f IS 

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S S4 83 Ftorenca s 24 75 M9in , wts . - 

a 30 86 Frankfurt f 16 61 MMM- ! S S 
5 23 77 Funchal sgTaZSg? , 



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5 23 77 Funchal s 23 73 Mog&n 

s&d. .»ls 

. , f W 59 llalaW J r 10 50 Naalan 
S » « HmbK f 29 84 n£m 
M reL- * 21 70 NrSir 

5*2” -5.2* 75 Intel s 25 77 Nfeg 
Botfoa f 15 59 Jertotet s 38 97 Mo 

s IS 61 Jo ’bora* . 9 26 79 Park 

Btrispte s 24 75 KandS s 30 66 Patriot, 

BAHT 1 19 « LPtetateta * 30 86 ffSS?* 

Ctaina a 3z 90 Utboa s 25 77 PmaL 

c 16 61 Locarno 1 22 72 KattMt 

dStanca a 25 77 LAaftbr fa 20 68 

Chicago- c ia 64 S ™ M “ wSdTi 

Clrtfiureh s w 66 a 28 82 Myttfa 

‘denotes Saturday’s 


5g* c 14 57 smaug f 17 

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- * 25 77 Tokyo I 29 I 
S * 75 Toronto* c 17 1 

£, * J5 K Tads s SB < 

fc, c 18 61 Votonde l 28 I 
£* - _ y«ncW f 24 : 

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business and finance 


THE 



TIMES 


SPORT 25 
TELEVISION AND RADIO 29 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


STOCK MARKET 
(Change onweekl 


FT 30 Share 
1338.4 (+26.5) 

FT-SE 100 
1684.8 (+23.9) 

Bargains 

20726 

USM (Data stream) 
127.57 (+1.46) 

THE POUND 
(Change on week) 


US Dollar 

1.4980 (+0.0110) 

W German mark 

3.0642 (+0.0321) 

Trade-weighted 

71.7 (+0.f 


Gatt warns 
against 
extending 
trade curbs 

Geneva (AP) — World mer- 
chandise trade grew in volume 
by an estimated 3 per cent last 
year and should expand even 
more rapidly in 1986, but 
current trade policies invite a 
long-term economic decline, 
the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade said 




The Gatt Secretariat's an- 
nual review of world com- 
merce forecast a 3.5 per cent 
rise in trade volume this year. 

But it gave warning against 
a continued widening of gov- 
ernment measures opposing 
free trade, particularly sub- 
sidies, quotas and market 
sharing agreements. A further 
trend toward such restrictions 
“would cripple efforts to deal 
with such pressing problems 
as servicing debts, creating 
jobs and promoting economic 
growth." 

In value terms, goods trade 
grew by 1 percent in 1985, less 
than the volume expansion 
because of the strong dollar. 
The study predicted an 8 per 
cent rise this year due to the 
fall of the dollar. 

Last year’s volume figure 
was below the 9.5 per cent 
expansion in 1984, a year of 
strong economic recovery. 
Lagging growth in • 1985 
growth was a “key factor” in 
crimping trade expansion. 

Merchandise trade last year 
was buoyant only in manufac- 
tured products, growing by 6 
per cent, it said. Sharp de- 
clines were registered in the 
value Of food, fuel and non-! 
ferrous metals exports. 

; Most developing countries 
showed “particularly 
disappointing” performances 
as the decline in the Third 
World's share of world trade, 
which has been foiling since 
1981, quickened. 

• Export earnings of develop- 
ing countries dropped 5.5 per 
cent, mainly due to felling 
world market prices for fuels 
and other commodities. Im- 
ports fell 6.5 per cent. 

Pressure for import restrio- 
■ tions was partly fuelled by 
large trade imbalances be- 
tween the world’s three lead- 
ing trading nations — the 
United States, West Germany 
and Japan. The trade gap grew 

forther in the first half of 1 986, 
it said, with a widening US 
trade deficit set . against 
increasing surpluses in Japan 
and West Germany. 

Meanwhile, the study said, 
efforts in developed countries 
to protect formers and textile 
and clothing manufacturers 
have shown the “bankruptcy” 
of subsidies. 

• Lisbon (Reuter) The 
EEC, US, Canada and Japan 
agreed after two days of talks 
in Sintra that trade in agri- 
culture and service industries 
should be liberalized But they 
recognised the issue could 
divide later Gati talks. 

They also agreed that the 
inclusion in Gatt ofservice 
industries, which represent 
about 25 per cent of tne 
world's economic activity, 
should not be delayed 


Guinness faces 


over 



Mr Ernest Saunders,’ the 
chieT of Guinness, is feeing the 
most crucial week of his career 
as he attempts to head off a 
revolt by institutional 
shareholders over his plans for 
a new board structure after the 
takeover of Distillers. 

A stormy meeting is sched- 
uled for- Thursday- when .Mr 
Saunders will be 
shareholders to give him the 
posts of both duef executive 
mid chairman. 

But he feces a furious 
backlash, particularly from 
the Scottish financi al commu- 
nity, angry that he appears to 
have reneged on promises, 
made at the time of the 
bilHon bid for Distillers, to 
appoint as chairman Sir 
Thomas Risk, Governor of 
the Bank of Scotland 

Sir Thomas revived the 
controversy last week by say- 
ing publicly he was not party 
to the derision by Mr 
Saunders and the Guinness 
board to scrap his appoint- 
ment, a version of events 
different from .that put oat by 
Guinness. 

Sir Thomas said he was 
pressed into making the state- 
ment by institutions, indicat- 
ing the unprecedented 
strength of feeling over the 
issue: 

Mr Saunders appears con- 
fident that his investment 
advisers have put together 
sufficient support, in the City 


By Cliff Fettham 


to ensure that the extraor- 
dinary shareholders' meeting 
swings his way. • 

However, there are signs 
that- he has a fierce fight on his 
hands. Some reports suggest 
that of the top 15 institutional 
-shareholders who control 
more than 35 per cent of the 
company, only three are_pro- 
pared to back Mr Saunders. 

- Five Scottish institutional 
investors* including Scottish 
Widows, Scottish- Amicable 
and Scottish Mutual, who 
control around 3-5 per cent 
between them, are ranged 
a gainst hfm 

Already, Mr Raymond 
Johnstone, a friend of Sir 
Thomas and a director of 
Scottish Amicable as wdl as 
chairman of Murray 
Johnstone, the Glasgow 
investment managers, has 
urged shareholders to vote, 
against the proposals. 

He is angry that the plan to 
create a new board under Sir 
Thomas was embodied in 
circulars sent out by Guinness 
during its long battle for 
Distillers. He says this was 
dearly done to win the sup- 
port of Scottish investors who 
were concerned that Distillers 
would be controlled from 
London after the takeover. 

He says the derision by 
Guinness to scrap these plans 
and install Mr -Saunders as 
chief executive and diairman 
could only, be justified, “if 


events had happened which 
were beyond its reasonable 
contemplation at the time of 
The offer." 

“J am not yet aware of any 
such events or of sufficient 
evidence appearing to con- 
vince me that following the 
acquisition of control of 
Distillers, the Guinness board 
made a valid attempt to 
implement these commit- 
ments on board and manage- 
- ment structure,” he said. 

The institutions, winch are 
more accustomed to lobbying 
companies privately rather 
than indulging in a full- 
blooded slanging match, are 
set to break with tradition at 
the meeting, at the Mount 
Royal Hotel in London, as Mr 
Saunders puts his case. 
Guinness has said it felt the 
original board structure would 
have been too unwieldy . 

Mr Saunders is also likely to 
face stiff questioning over the 
location of the head office of 
the new super-group. He had 
said it would be based in 
Edinburgh, although he re- 
cently pointed to the need to 
maintain a presence in 
London. 

One institution, Scottish 
Amicable, is likely to want to 
know exactly what is happen- 
ing on this front. 

Mr Saunders needs a SO per 
cent vote of support from 
.shareholders to- pass his pro- 
posals. 


John Lewis leads 
retail sales boom 


By Our Industrial Staff 


August retail sales look 
likely to return to the strongly 
rising trend of the first six 
months of thisyear after July’s 
fall from the. June peak. The 
July dip, provisionally put at 
12 per cent down after June's 
3.6 per cent .rise, is expected to 
be confirmed m final figures 
due out today . from the 
Depar tm en t of Trade and 
Industry. 

, The Retail Consortium, the 
trade body for the majority of 
retailers, is optimistic about 
the' level of August sales. It 
already seems justified by the 
latest analyses at the John 
Lewis Partnership for its 21 
department stores which in 
the week ended August 30 saw 
a rise in sales value of213 per 
cenL 

This was the biggest rise in 
August for years and was more 
on- the scale expected at the 
three annual peaks of Christ- 
mas run-up and - seasonal 


clearance safes in January and 
mid-year. 

In the previous week, sales 
in the department stores were 
up 14.5 per cent and during 
the earlier part of the month 
were above 11 per cent. The 
rise in real terms can be 
ga u g ed by making, allowance 
for the rate of inflation in 
goods sold in the stores. 

This is now running at 
about 2.4 per cent against the 
sales improvement for the 
month ofabout 1 4 per cent, so 
growth in real terms at John 
Lewis in August should prove 
in excess of 1 0 per cent 

There could be some special 
factors in the final boom week. 
The increase is over a week 
last year which produced 
comparatively low sales in- 
creases and, according to Mr 
Ian -Anderson, director of 
trading for department stores. 
Two London stores were also 
open on a Saturday afternoon, 
unlikelast year. 


Prospects 
for growth 
‘still good 9 

By Onr Industrial Staff 

Pessimism about another 
economic recession was 
stamped on yesterday by Mr 
David Nickson, president of 
the Confederation of British 
Industry while admitting that 
his organisation was among 
those which had t rimm ed 
growth forecasts. 

He warned: “We must not 
let pessimistic talk of another 
recession turn into a self 
fulfilling prophecy. What we 
are talking about is a slower 
rate of growth and not a 
decline.” 

Lower oQ and commodity 
prices, together with low infla- 
tion in Britain and other 
industrial countries, offered 
big opportunities, he main- 
tained. “We must grasp this 
chance to stimulate output 
and win more trade.” 

Prospects for longer-term 
growth will be the theme of 
November’s CBI conference 


Oil consumption rises 2.5% 


By David Young, Energy 
Correspondent 
The fell in the world oil 
price provoked by the 
Organisation of. Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, has had 
its desired effect with 
consumption rising in the first 
seven months of this year and 
so pushing prices up again. 

The latest statistics from the 
International Energy Agency 
show that up to the end of 
August, consumption of op in 
the western industrialized 
world has risen by 2_5 per cent 
with the surge in consumption 
coming in the second quarter 
of the year when the frill 
effects of the lower price 
filtered through to consumers. 

Opec is due to meet on 
October 6 to review its new 
quota agreement which came 
into force a week ago 
Many traders expect that in 
the run-up to the Opec meet- 
ing, prices will rise towards, 
and possibly beyond, the $18 
dollar mark once the effects of 



*2 Off stocks in the 
Western World 


Day toward 
RMonbamta'* 


-hod 



82 84 86 


the new quota system are seen 
in the market place and once 
consuming nations are con- 
vinced that Opec is prepared 
to stick to its new agreement. 

However, the IfcA figures 
show that stocks in the indus- 
trialized countries have risen 
at a higher rale than consump- 
tion and that consuming na- 
tions may' be in a stronger 
position to keep demand in 
the market place for imported 
crude oil at a level which will 
keep prices down. 


The figures show that while 
stocks held by the leading oil 
companies have not varied 
dramatically from levels im- 
mediately after the first oil 
crisis-in 1 973 — down from 80 
days’ supply to 72 days’ — 
strategic stocks held by gov- 
ernments in the Organisation 
for - Economic Co-operation 
and Development countries 
have risen from less than the 
equivalent of a million barrels 
a day consumption to an 
average of 22 days supplies. 


SJ Vv$v _. _.W v ; 

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Lance Warrington, centre, gives some expert advice on clay pigeon shooting 

Shooting Box is bang on 

target for franchising 


By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 


The crack of 
shattering day pigeons is 
signaling a new route to 
profit in the co untry side. 

David Dwncmnbe, 30, had 
been, mainly fanning on die 
300-aoe estate at OM Manor 
Park, new MUtn Keynes, 
Bedfordshire, which belongs 
to his family. 

Some . additional income 
came from letting out two 
lakes for fishing, but now he 
has just spent £10,000 and a 
lot of hard work creating a 
noting lodge out of old 
faMfiags so that he can 
join The Shooting Box, one of 
Britain’s latest and most un- 
nsual franchise chains. 

So for there are seven 
Shooting Boxes, six of them 
franchised out by Lance 
Warrington, one-time gun- 
trader and then former. He 
developed the formula, 
claimed to p ro p el a newcomer 
weB into profit in the second 
year of operation, at his own 
form nt Bccldey, Oxford- 
shire. 

He sees scope for about SO 
in Britain and is already 
looking for likely spots 


abroad. They are aO aimed at 
meeting a developing demand 
for new ways of entertaining 
business clients. 

Clay pigeon shooting has 
been gaiing popularity since 
it became the latest sport to 
feature on television nidi the 
newly-created Star Shot lay- 
out to give it visual hnpacL 
Clay shooting dubs are 
mushrooming but few offer 
the up-market facilities de- 
manded for business 

enter tainmen t, 

Mr Warrington, 41, said: 
“At first we did not know who 
oar clients should be or even 
how much to charge.” Now 
die dieut list is long, includ- 
ing both local ami national 
companies tike Jaguar Cars, 
Unipart, the Wellcome 
Foundation, LRC, Sea Con- 
tainers, Plessey, Saab Scania, 
the Prudential, Hill Samuel, 
Allied Dunbar and Anglia 
Building Society. 

What they get is a day out 
in which the catering and die 
general amhfowre is as im- 
portant as the shooting, car- 
ried out under the eye of 
professional instructors. 
They pay between £45 and 


£80 a head, with parties 
mostly between 12 and 40 
guns. 

A shooting lay-out is likely 
to be nsed about 28 days a 
year, prod Being a trading 
profit of between 50 and 65 
per cent, according to Mr 
Warrington. By the second 
year of operation a Shooting 
- Box should be well into net 
profit, be claims. 

Mr Dancombe, whose 
shooting programme was 
launched this summer, ex- 
pects to recoup his outlay m 
the first fid! year. He plans 
also to let the budding for 
small business conferences. 

The franchise fee is £4J>50 
covering advisory visits by 
Mr Warrington, brochures 
and other fitmature, shotguns 
and some clay and cartridge 
supplies. After that 5 per cent 
of gross sales is levied. 

By the spring the first 12 
outlets are expected to be 
operating. The others already 
started are at Worcester, 
Braintree, Toweester, Kings 
Lynn and the Brecon Bea- 
cons. Among those planned is 
one at Wensleydale with the 
first ran by a woman likely in 
Devonshire. 


Women 
urged to 
set up in 
business 

By Onr Industrial Editor 

Women who usually look 
for jobs whh existing busi- 
nesses may be wooed by the 
Government into becoming 
small business entrepreneurs. 

Mr David Trippier. min- 
ister for small businesses at 
the Department of Employ- 
ment. believes this plan could 
have a big impact on un- 
employment figures. 

Mr Trippier is considering 
backing research on diverting 
women's work talents into 
entrepreneurial fields. 

The Government has said 
the percentage of unemployed 
remains high not only because 
school-leavers outnumber 
those retiring but because 
more women want to work. 
The problem is that too many 
look for jobs, often part-time, 
with existing businesses. 

Instead of returning to the 
jobs market 10 work for 
someone else, the idea is that 
they should employ others. 

When the Government's 
£40-a-week-for-a-ycar Enter- 
prise Allowance Scheme was* 
launched in mid-1983, 15 per 
cent of applicants were 
women. Thai proportion has 
risen 10 25 per cent. 

Two out of three going 
through the scheme are 
succeeding. And for every 100 
new enterprises that survived, 
99 additional jobs were cre- 
ated. This means (bat when 
the number of EAS places 
rises 10 100,000 next April, 
66,000 enterprises should sur- 
vive with virtually double that 
number of jobs created. 

The research programme 
being considered by Mr 
Trippier would try to establish 
what areas of business would 
appeal to women, such as the 
service sectors, including tour- 
ism. It is likely to look into 
'other factors, such as training 
and subsequent support and 
the needs and characteristics 
of women entrepreneurs. 

Another possibility is that 
more women will be recruited 
as small business counsellors 
into the Government’s small 
firms service. There are three 
at present — 1 per cent of the 
national counselling strength. 
Mr Trippier will be encourag- 
ing more women board mem- 
bers at local enterprise 
agencies around the country. 

Women in Enterprise, an 
Industry Year initiative, has 
been looking at ways to 
encourage more women to 
become entrepreneurs. Fe- 
male entrepreneurs in Britain 
seem to encounter more prob- 
lems in setting up and 
developing their own busi- 
nesses and W1E wants addi- 
tional research. 

In the United States be- 
tween 1977 and 1980 the 
number of small businesses 
owned by women increased try 
a third. A similar trend is 
emerging in Britain: about 6 
per cent of small businesses 
last year were owned by 
women. 


Thermofelt in 
£3m buyout 

One of the country's largest 
accoustic ceiling contractors Is 
being bought out by its 
management in a d e a l worth 
£3 million. 

Tbe management 

team, led by Mr Harcy 
Saunders, is buying 
Thennofelt, set up in 1913, 
from H.N. Barnes. 

Thermofelt made £400,000 
profit on turnover of £7.4 
million last year. A minority 
stake in the company is being 
taken by County Develop- 
ment Capital, the venture 
capital group. 


Ark sets sail 

Ark Securities, the new 
international securities deal- 
ing firm, begins trading today. 
Ark is employing 30 people in 
addition' to the 16 partners, 
drawn from many leading 
City, firms. 


Treasury to cut £4bn off spending bids 


By Davto. Smith, £a»oiiiics Corresptwbdent 


Mr John MacGregor, tbe 

Chief Secretary to the Trea- 
sury, will this week start 
catting back 

spending bids by £4 hjlbon- to 
hit tbe Governments £144 
billion total public spending; 
target for next year. 

Tire Treasury is anxious to 
damp down on any ideas of a 
pre-election spending bmge- 
The Hunt wanting to tne 
spending ministers win be tnat 
tbe choice may not be between 
trig tax arts and higher spac- 
ing. Higher spending, it wjfl 
signed, could mean higher 
taxation. 

The signs are tfcat^ the 
autumn spending negotiations, 
beginning with bilateral meet- 
ings wife other ministers aw 
leading 00 to the inevitable 
Star Chamber of senior min- 


isters next month, will be for 
tougher than last year. t - 
The bids for additional 
spending faced by Mr 
MacGregor are from Mr 

Kenneth Baker, tbe Secretary 

of State for Education, Mr 
Nonnas Fowler, the. Secretary 
of State for Social Services, 
Mr George Younger, toe De- 
fence- Secretory and Mr 

Nicholas Ridley at toe Depart- 
ment of Environment 
This is in addition to the 
award of £3 billion to Mr 
Ridley for the local anftwit? 
ra te support grant, anMnocd 
in July just before toe Par- 
Kamentaiy recess. Thfocnt the 
amount left in the reserve for 
1987-88 from £6.3 billion to 
£3 J billion. 

One of toebig battlegrounds 
in tbe public spending round is 
likely to he on charges. Mr 


Peter Walker, toe 
Secretory, ami the main voice 
in tbe Cabinet for an 

overall boost to toe spendi n g 
targets, wiD resist Treasury 
attempts to posh ap toe prices 
dunged by the nationalized 
energy industries. The Trea- 
sury may, however, nse the 
recovering world oQ price as 
an argument for higher domes- 
tic energy charges. 

Prescription and other 
health service charges also 
look certain to cause more 
difficulties dun usual, with 
the - general election 
approaching. 

The continued rise in un- 
employment has produced an 

automatic increase in demand- 
determined spending on social 
security and unemployment 
benefits. The Government as- 
yjmwl tfrnf memployraeiit in 


Great Britain would stabilize 
at 3 mflfian in its pabtic 
spending plans, published ear- 
lier this year. 

The latest raemptoyment 
total was 3J million, in July. 
Each 16M00 increase in an- 
employraent adds £210 mUfion 
directly to public spending. 

Mr MtaGreger thus has £4 
bfllioa of bids to squeeze into 
£3 billion of the remt niiig 
reserve. But even tofsadtieve- 
ment would leave the Treasury 
wftfa nMbiiig in reserve next 
year. Realistically,- toe round 
has to he completed with £2 
billion eS toe reserve intact. 

Last year, the Treasury was 
able to boost its asset sales 
projections, by the feetesfe®, 
for toe first time, of Brifish 
Gas. This boosted central 
privatization proceeds from £2 
Union to £4.75 billion a year. 




This year, the device may be to 
step up non-stock market as- 
set sales. 

These include council 
houses and flats, and svplns 
land owned by local authori- 
ties, area health authorities 
and nationalized industries. 

This year’s spending round 
is not taking place amid City 
fears about the Government's 
ability to hit its borrowing 
targets, which may act to the 
Treasury’s disadvantage in 
arguments with ministers. 

After a run of good figures. 
City analysts expect this 
year's £7 billion borrowing 
target to be achieved. In 1985- 
86, the paMfe sector borrowing 
requirement recorded an 
undershoot as pablic spending 
was held and tax revenues 
proved strongor than expected. 


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ANALYSIS 


Ll«J.;fllLIL!&13& 


MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


Changes to BES should 
bring back the glamour 


By Lawrence Lever 


The Business Expansion 

Scheme, which provides gen- & nee fs> 

erous tax breaks to stimulate i 

investment in unquoted com- ti . “SJ" 

ponies, is at the crossroads of ngg | 

Its short but eventful life. BBi | 

In this year's Finance Act, para | 

long overdue and fun- flHH I 

damental changes to the 

scheme have been made, . |m | 
which the Government hopes MB m l ■. l flfB g 

will return it to its risk- |§flll h ' , y— 

orientated roots. [||| p 1/ 

At the same time, the BBSa — | 

Government is sexto commis- Sflm p If 

sion a second report into the mm p M 

BES after the Peat Marwick IPflU p ll 

Mitchell report was published Mi f| n H 

on Budget Day more than four i ||p ■ M il j|| 

months after it had been fifflffl Ea . W z 1 
completed. The go-ahead for a Fund PuMc offer 

second report will probably be — — — — — 

given early next year. « 

The changes to the Finance Ttucinpec ovn 

An - notably the requirement DUSUU»S vx.p 

prohibiting a company from Total investment for comp; 

holding more than half its net — ITT 

assets in land and buildings — Industry tot 

will have a notable effect on 

the type of companies to seek ^ 

BES finance, and on the ManU facturing 300 i 

abiUw of sponsors to find service inds 214 

suitable propositions. Wholesale and retail 

The changes axe also likely distribution 134 

to redress the imbalance be- Constniction 32 

tween the BES funds and 23 

prospectus issues, as well as 12 

stimulating more direct 715 n 

investment — in other words, — . — . . 

raising BES funds from in- -swot fnii/uf Aw**’ 
dividuals without a prospec- , m- ■— 1 • «—«■■■■- 

tus being issued or involving prospectus issues in terms of 


BES finance raised by 
source of finance 

1 %trf compares] 

| 

i mix 


Business expansion scheme 

Total investment for companies by industry for 1983-84 


Horticulture 
and fishing 
Others 


Total 

No Amount 

Start-ups 
No Amount 

Est 

No 

£m 

£m 

£m 

£m 

£m 

300 

35.4 

211 

21.6 

89 

214 

25.4 

151 

15.5 

63 

134 

16.8 

100 

13.7 

34 

32 

6.7 

28 

6.6 

4 

23 

19.6 

19 

5.4 

4 

12 

1.1 

5 

0 2 

7 

715 

105.0 

514 

63.0 

201 


an intermediary. 

The proliferation of asset- 


raising BES finance. .... 

Finding suitable propo- Mr John Spiers, of 
Lions will become harder for Green well Montague, says: 
onsors of direct issues. In “The proposals coming in are 
e golden days of virtually a higher risk than they were 
i restric ted asset hacking , a before. Once you introduce 
onsor with a good property higher amounts of gearing you 
mid afford to entrust it to a want a better type of manage- 
lid but mediocre manage- ment and there are less people 
ent of high calibre around pre- 

However, a higher calibre of pored to do BES than there are 
anagement is necessary now ordinary ones. Reputable 
at gearing has been forced sponsors can't take a chance 


upon BES companies by the 
Finance Act. 


propo- 


backed prospectus issues dried silions will become harder for 
up the money normally taken sponsors of direct issues. In 
in by the funds. The pen- the golden days of virtually 
dulum should swing very unrestricted asset ba ckin g, a 
much back into favour and sponsor with a good property 
return them to the prom- could afford to entrust it to a 
inence illustrated in the chart solid but mediocre mana g e- 
The chart, taken from the ment 
Peat Marwick report, shows However, a higher calibre of 
that in the early days of the management is necessary now 
schemes the funds outstripped that gearing has been forced 


now with run-of-the-mill 
managers. They might just 
Wow all the money." 

Direct investors seeking to 
raise small amounts of BES 
finance should be encouraged 
by the feet that the asset 
restriction rule does not apply 
to the first £50,000 of share 
capital Add to this the feet 
that property development 
and farming ventures have 
both been let back into the 
scheme, and the result is a 
perfect tax shelter, which no- 
one paying lax of SO per cent 
or more should ignore. 

In theory, investors should 
all be setting up small and 
sleepy farming or property 
ventures which trade suf- 
ficiently to qualify fix- BES 
relief; and then sell off the 
assets after five years. 

The irony about redressing 
the balance in favour of BES 
funds is that some, including 
County Bank and Electra, 
have announ ce d they will no 
- longer be raising further BES 
funds. The reasons are the 
problems the funds have had 
raiding money, the fae* that 
they did not raise enough to 
make it financially worth 
while, and the huge amount of 
staff time the exercise ab- 
sorbed. There is better money 
to be made in other areas of : 
venture capital, such .as 
management buyouts. 

However, the outlook for 
the BES is encouraging. The 
scheme is still very much in its 
infancy, and as with all new 
legislation of this nature there 
is a period of femlliarization. 
A steady stream- of inquiries 
about the scheme is being ' 
received by the Inland Rev- 
enue from smaller accoun- 
tants and solicitors. Hopefully 
they will play an increasing 
role m linking up tire en- 
trepreneur and BES investor. 


Failure rate of companies runs high 


There are scant statistics on 
the number of business 
expansion scheme companies 
that have felled. The report 
on the BES by Peat Marwick 
Mitchell, the accountancy 
firm, which was commis- 
sioned by the Government 
and strategically published 
on Budget day. Grand that 27 
per cart of tbe 120 companies 
it surveyed had either failed 


or were having “survival 
difficulties". 

Figures released by PMM 
in a survey of companies 
floated on the over-the- 
counter market indicate that 
the feilnre and financial cruas 
among BES companies re- 
mains at this high level 

This report, which in- 
correctly heralds the BES as 
an important contributor to 


the OTC, says that of the 213 
British companies with a 
quotation on one or more of 
the diverse OTC markets, 
some 80 qualified for tax 
relief under the BES. 

Statistics show that six of 
these companies, which be- 
tween them raised just over £3 
million of BES money, are 
already in receivership, while 
another nine companies have 


had their quotations sus- 
pended. Added to this are five 
companies generally trading 
at prices of arotmd one quar- 
ter or less tbanllotatiauprice. 

IV tidal of 20'cooqmnies 
represents 25 per emit of the 
BES entrants, although it 
most be bone in mind that 
not all the suspended com- 
panies can be said to be at 
crisis point 


tVERTISEMENT. 


u n 7 

/ iu i 


i n r 

me 


Stromberg-Carison wins 
second USA Bell contract 




AStniabazHCidsaaDCOSyiicsi 


In recent years there has been 
increasing concent throughout 
the world about growing threats 

to militar y and ra mmer rial 
harbour facilities and associated 
shipping bom sophisticated 
underwater vehicles and 
specially equipped divert. 

To counter this threat, 
Plessey has developed a com- 
prehensive in-depth marine 
intruder detection system, 
building on the company's 
unrivalled experience in sonar 
technology. 

The new system, already 
attracting wide customer inte- 
rest, provides highly reliable 
and affordable protection for 
submarine bases and surface- 
fleet harbours, commercial 
harbours, container ports, oil 
refmeiy terminals and coastal 
nuclear power stations. 

All of the systems under- 
water sensors and sonars are 
fully integrated with above- 
surface sensors to provide a 
total defence system for 
co-ordinated counter-action 
against underwater intruders 
and to prevent undetected 
escape or reinforcement. 


By wimung a new contract Gar a 
Stinmberg-Caxison DCO system 
from a second Bell Operating 
Company, Plessey penetration 
of the North American 

mark pi for di g ita l telephone 

exchange equipment has 
received a significant boost 

In the new contract, Strom- 
berg-Carison, the Plessey 
subsidiary in the USA. will 
supply a DCO system to Pacific 
Bell which operates telephone 
services on the West Coast of 
the USA. 

The system will cany ‘live* 
commercial traffic, and will be 
used to conduct trials which 
could lead to further orders. 

It will be installed early in 
1987, at a location yet to be 
determined by Pacific BeH 

ON-LINE EXPERIENCE 

Ernest Jones, President of 
Stromberg-Carison, says: ‘Wfe 
are delighted with the confi- 
dence shown in us by Pacific 
Bell and welcomethisopportu- 
nity to give them on-line opera- 
ting experience with the DCO’. 

In ftbruaiy 19S6 Stromberg- 
Carison won a contract for a 


system comprising a DCO host 
and two remotely operated 
exchanges totalling over 8,000 
subscriber lines, from South 
Central BeD. 

This is scheduled to enter 
service early in 1987 and will 
make Stromberg-Carison the 
first new supplierof digital tel$ 
phone exchange equipment to 
install a system in the old Bed 
telephone network. 

In ihe past. Bell and now its 
successors the Regional Bed 
Operating Companies, tradit- 
ionally bought telephone 
exchange systems from just 
two suppliers - American Tele- 
phone & Telegraph and 
Northern Telecom. 

Stromberg-Carison conti- 
nues to sell DCO digital 
exchanges to Southern New 
England Telephone, one of the 
old Bed companies now inde- 
pendent 

Two Bell Operating Com- 
pany subsidiaries. Bell South 
Mobility and Southwestern 
Bell Mobile Systems, have also 
acquired the DCO, as the core 
switching element in their 
cellular telephone networks. 



Y 

The height of high technology. 

PtESSET fi&rrisKi oxJSyiUo: 140 J>r tra* mjrria o( Vurttucy Cimpoxypli 


overJQnrilfiouGDrLeicestenUre 
Comity CmmdTs replacement 
urban traffic central system. 

The original system 
installed in Leicesterby Plessey 
in 1973 was the first citywide 
scheme in the UK. 

It was extended to Lough- 
bo roughin 1978 and has proved 
remarkably efficient. 

Now the replacement will 
indude SCOOT - Split Qyde 
Offset Optimisation Technique 
- to provide a vehicle- 
responsive signal strategy 
which automatically adjusts to 
the effects of traffic plans. 

As a result, road users will 
find that the updated system 
will provide them with 
improved journey times. 

Itcomprisesanoverad traffic 
management package provi- 
ding not only sophisticated 
traffic control but also a 
comprehensive management 
information system with on- 
line access to a variety of data- 
bases. 


FIBRE OPTICS 
FOR CHINA 

Pless«y is to supply two optical 
fibre tekoongBuiriatioutnDW* 
mission gstra®; to fee 
Post and Telegraph Authority in 
fee People's Republic of Grins. 

Plessey System 140 equip- 
ment wffl Enk fee cities of 

ffemgeha and fa Fhmffn 

Province, a distance of some 
50 km. 

The contract follows one for 

similar « pri[inypt f ur an ins fol - 

htion in Guangzhou, some 600 
km to the south of Gungsha. 


NO REPEATERS 


Each of fee two 140 Mbit/sec 
systems in the new contract is 
capable of canyh% 1920 tele- 
phone feaimebortfceeqtd^ 
in video or data over one pair of 
optical fibres. 

Since fee Plessey System 140 
equipment can comfortably 
accommodate stage lengths of 
more item 50 km, repeater 
stations wiQ not be required to 
boost the signals between fee 
t e rmin als. ^ 


.US NOTEBOOK. 


Why gold 
boom will 
not fuel 
inflation 

FromMaxweU Newton 
New York 

This has been a terrible 
week for bonds but a marvel- 
lous week. Gar gold. In the 
minds of the panicky bond 
traders In Chicago and New 
York, the two are connected by 
tbe word “inflation”. 

Yet one can argue that the 
gold price boon h a belated 
recoil ition of fee dollar's 

I am indebted, to Mr John 
Brimelow of Keane Securities 
ftr fee foOowing idea. 

Two main sources are 
apparent a fee forces driving 
op the arid prices: The fear of 
a cutoff of South African 


demand for gold, dne to fee Mg 
fell in the non-dollar gold 
price. The yen price of gold 
has tnrabRd, creating a frenzy 
of gold buying in Japan but the 
Deutschmark price of gold and 
fee Swiss franc price of gold 
have also tumbled. 

Seme analysts are inclined 
to discoaat fee South African 
dementia fee recent steep rise 
in the gold price because 
dnringthe the prices 

of ®t£er crucial metals pro- 
duced by South Africa, such as 
chrome, vanadium, antimony, 
manganese and rhodium — 
have either feliea or risen only 
slightly. So why have thefr 
priced also not taken dl? 

This brings us back to the 
nondollar gold buyers. At Sw 
Fr60O, gold is patently very 
cheap by past historical Swiss 
experience. At Sw FrfOO, it is 
worth about $370. 

But if, ns is probable, the 
Swiss franc price starts to rise 
again towards 800, under fee 
influence of rising demand and 
a fading of mental kgs among 
non-dollar gold buyers, then at 
Sw FrSM, fee cold price in 
doDars would be $490. 

The Japanese demand 
seems likely to begin to drive 
fee yen price of mU sfnilaiiy 
bade to historical levels. 

Tbe US bond markets might 
then take fright at fee prospect 
of $490 gold and decide this 
was anequi vocal evidence of 
inflfiti"" In fee US. Yet, this 
view ignores fee rapid decline 
in the re - ^rtance of tire US in 
the world ecooomy and the 
lesser importance of fee dollar 
as fee |«ke measure of gold 
andmL 

So, any notion that fee rise 
^jn precious metals* prices sug- 
gests incipient inflation in few 
US reflects dunking feat 
would have been more relevant 
in 1971 Aaa in 1986. 

MeanwhOeJhe US-Japa- 
nese trade imbalance talks 
may have produced some 
agreement by Tokyo to stimu- 
late its economy — and its 
imports. Unfortunately, fee 
US excess appetite for wparts 
is such feat if it woe reduced 
to parity wife exports, the 
Gomans and Japanese would 
have to raise then combined 
imports by 50 per cent to 
replace fee loss of US import 
demand in world trade — an 
unlikel y event. Hence, as the 
US is finding ways to art 
imports (which are stiflfeg 
domestic growth), fee result 
wM be a spreading wo r ld w i de 


f gilt-edseiT ) 

Tapping Euro-markets 
to build the reserves 


In what was another fairly 
boring -week, fee gilt market 
drifted towards fee bottom of 
its recent trading ran^e and 
continued to show signs of 
concern about the UK's long- 
term economic background. 

Tbe most exerting- event 
was the Government’s $4 
bffiioQ Euromarket issue. 
This stirred memories of 
| September .1985, when the 
announcement of & $2-5 tril- 
lion floating rate note (FRN) 
issue triggered a burst of 
intense market speculation. 

Tbe Government must be 
planning to join the EMS, 
said some. Certainly not, said 
others — it has decided to 
finance the Public Spending 
Borrowing Requirement 
(PSBR.) by raising dollars 
rather than sterling. Not at 
aH said a third group; it 
needs doDara so that the Bank 
of England can join in. with 
-other Group of Five conn- 
tries in concerted foreign 
exchange intervention to 
force the dollar down. 

Opportunity to 
raise cash 

In the eventTnone of these 
explanations was c orr ect. In- 
stead, the Treasury had am- 

•Jvt AhmAaA ariuontAiWB 




to raise cash for fee foreign 
exchange reserves. Convert- 
ible currency reserves swiftly 
rose from $7.5 billion to over 
$10 billion, where they have 
remained until now. . 

Last week, the Govern- 
ment mounted another sortie 
into the Euro-markets, rais- 
ing $4 billion in a matter of 
hours at very keen rates. 
What is it op to this time? It 
seems most unHkdy that it is 
seriously thinking of using 




domestic borrowing require- 
ment If it simply allows the 
money to sitin the reservesJt 
will have no implications 
whatever fear the money sup- 
ply or domestic funding. (In 
the monetary statistics, aQ 
that happens is that the rise in 
the reserves is offset by an 
equivalent change in foreign 
currency lending to the public 

sector.) 

But if the authorities do 
wish to reduce the domestic 
borrowing requirement; they 
would first need to swap the 
dollars for sterling in the 
foreign exchange markets. 
The. sterling raised would 
then reduce the amount 
needed to be raised by selling 
gibs. 

Such a course would be 
neither desirable nor* prac- 
tical On the grounds of 
desirability, it would be a 
relatively expensive way of 
funding the borrowing 
requirement, since the fixed 
rate sterling cost of the dollar 
FRN was about 20 basis 
points above the' equivalent 
gilts yield at the time of issued 

On the grounds of prac- 
ticability, consider - what 
would happen if the authori- 
ties chose to exchange then 
borrowed dollars for sterling 
over a period of (ay) six 
months. 

The markets would notice 



that the foreign exchange 
reserves were systematically 
falling , and would conclude 
either that the authority 
were propping up the pound, 

or forcing it up, as seemed 
appropriate- 

Both conclusions would be 
potentially disruptive, since 
R an g es m reserves can in 
themselves trigger specu- 
lative attacks on the currency 
from the private sector. For 
example, in a climate of 
{pronounced sterling weak- 
ness, tbe announcement of 
bharply declining reserves is 
quite likely to generate a 
much worse crisis. 

For these reasons, ex- 
change reserves are rather 
like nuclear weapons — useful 

nr . Jatenwnt knt HnntH’miK 


when used. Their real role is 
to enable short-term raids in 
the currency markets (which 
can be unwound before tbe 
official statistics have to be 
published) and to sow the 
seeds of doubt in the minds of 
currency operators, who 
never know when they might 
just be used for such raids. 

Apart from that, they have 
one other advantage. Because 
the UK is able to borrow on 
such good terms, it can 


awuioiij vru-ivuu luw uuiuuw 

raired and make a virtually 
risk-free profit of about 15 
basis points, or $6 million a 
year on the $4 trillion raised 
last week. 

The. Treasury knows a 
bargain when it sees one. It 
was presented with a costless 
way of raising' ammunition ' 
which might be fired in 
extremis, out would more 
likely lie unused in the arse- 
nal As a deterrent, it might 
enable tbe UK to achieve 
marginally lower . interest 
rates for any given level of 
sterling m the election -run- 
up; But the one thing not in 
the Govemmra f s mind is. to' 
ussr the proceeds to finance 
the-PSBR. 

- The gats market funding 
equation is -therefore - not 
materially affected by the 
transaction. Fortunately, 
however, the funding equa- 
tion has anyway moved 
dramatically m the right 
direction during the summer, 
rectifying the under-funding 
of the PSBR which - had 
earlier built up. On a season- 
ally unadjusted basis, the 
Government underfunded 
the PSBR by £4.1 trillion up 
to mid-June, but virtually aH 
of this shortfall was elimi- 
nated by mid-August. By 
wrapping up gross gut sales of 
£2.7 billion in only two 
months, the Bank . has 


BO 81 82 B 3 84 85 86 I 

manoeuvred itself _ into a 
position from which- the 
funding programme should 
be easilv accomplished. 

Consider the . figures; 
Assuming a PSBR of £7J 
billion for 1986-87, fee Bank 
will need to sdi only around 
£2.5 billion of net debt before; 
next April, and £1.75 billion 
of this will probably come 
from non-gilt forms of debt, 
notably national savings: 
This leaves new net gh sales 
of only about £700 million, or 
about £100 million a month. 
(Redemptions of £5 .5 billioif 
need to be added to this, but 
of course they do not count as 
a net drain on institutional 
cash.) 

Clearly, the failure of lh& 
ills market to make gains uf 




bond markets in July and 
August may be connected 
with the large supply of stock 
which hit the market in those 
months. One factor suggest- 
ing that the performance of 
the market may improve 
somewhat in the month? 
ahead is fee slow-down jn 
demands on institution^ 
cash which will now occur. ? 

Even allowing for 
privatization receipts of tp 


remainder of the financial 
year, the monthly cash drain 
on the institutions from Gov- 
ernment rales of debt plus 
equity will amount to only 
about £600 million, as against 
a drain so far in tbe financial 
year of almost £1.1 billion k 
month. , _ 

Bond markets : 
remain firm 

What this means is that the 
supply-demand position in 
the market is unlikely to act 
as a major drag on prices if 
other fundamentals are mov- 
ing in fee right direction. And 
for a :time tins may .occur. 
Despite last week’s, set-back 
in fea : US Treasury market 
(based on stranger economic 
activity and worries about 
gold and oil pricesX Japanese 
and European bond markets 
have remained reasonably 
firm, and look set for further 
gains. 

Perhaps these -foreign mar- 
kets will drag gilt prices up for 
awhile. But u tins is the main 
case for buying gilts, then 
wiiy not buy foreign bonds 
instead? 

Gavyn Davies 

The author is chitfUK econo- 
mist at Goldman Sachs Inter- 
national, London 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


RESULTS 


STERLBKi SPOT AND FORWARD RATES 





DOLLAR SPOT RATES 



Owing Bankt 10 
fame* House 10 


flmntti 9 ft 


3RMh9ft 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


7W 1 * ImntU 7X-7ft 


TODAY — Interims: Barium 
Group, British Vita, Friendly 
Hotels, Low & Bonar, 
Mellerware International, Mi- 
cro Business Systems, Sher- 
wood Computer Sendees. 
Finals: F Copson. 

TOMORROW — Interims: 
BAT Industries, Blackwood 
Hodge, Booker, Dwek Group, 
Expamet International Fitch 
& Company Design Consul- 
tants, Hawley Group, Hestair, 
Ipeco Holdings, Land Group, 
Lopex, Lowe Howard-Spink 
a nd B eg, Alfred McAlpine, 
Newman Industries, Pearson 
PLG Provident Financial 
Group, Savoy Hotel Senior 
E n gi nee ring Group, Wiffis 
Faber. Finals: Cantors, Check- 
point Europe, Dialene, 
Fletcher Challenge, 
Intereurope Technology Ser- 
vices, Keep Trust, New Dar- 
ien Oil Trust, Pacific 
Organisation, Ricardo 
Consulting Engineers. Trade 
Promotion Services. 

WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
APV Holdings, Associated 
British Ports, Aurora. BICC, 
Btoddeys, British Aerospace, 
Bntish Telecommunications 
(first quarter! BTR fnem™ 


Nurdin & Peacock, Prudential 
Corporation, ' Systems 
Reliability, Tavener Rutledge. 
Finals: Central & Sheerwood, 
Isotron, Sigmex International 
Sirdar, Star Computer Group. 

THURSDAY — Interims: Ac- 
cord Publications, Bouse 
Massami Poflitt, Bowater In- 
dustries, British Mohair Hold- 
ings, Burmah Oil Caparo 
Industries, European Ferries 
Group, Hepworth Ceramic 
Holdings, LaidJaw Group, 
John Laing, Rowmree Mack- 
intosh, Royal -Dutch Petro- 
leum, “Shell” Transport and 
Trading, Tyne Tees Trie- 
vision Holdings. Finals: Rob- 
ert M Douglas Holdings, 
Estates Property Investment 
Co, General Mining . Union 
Corporation, Haynes Publish- 
ing Group, London Shop 
Property Trust, Media Tech- 
nology International Stewart 
& Wight, Thomas Walker. 

FRIDAY — In ter ims : Bank 
Leumi, Bipel Group, 
Boustead, Delta Group, 
Huntlrigh Technology, tyfc 
Shipping, Save & Prosper 
Gold Fund (expected on Sept. 
IS), Southampton, IOW mid 
South of England Royal Mail 




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taaitealal Trus t. t (| QQ% 

gHWrtiw Baft 1080 * 

£Jta« & Co_ 1080* 

fkwg fGoag & Stangtas 1080% 

LLoph 1080* 

1080 * 

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THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


BTTSTNESS AND FINANCE 


19 


( USM REVIEW ) 



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. The autumn reporting 
son started this week and 
many companies are showing 
a rate of profit growth which 
confirms the belief of those 
wnoconsider that -small com- 
panies can offer the greatest 
potential for above-average 
performance. 

[One such company is 
Thermax, a manufacturer of 
foBflhened glass which has 
applications in the auto- 
motive, domestic appliance 
and architectural products 
market ; 

„ The company has had an 
unhappy history — in order to 
gam a quote it- reversed into 
the publidy quoted VW Hold- 
ings, an engineering company 
which shortly after the merger 
moved into losses, cripplin g 
the profitability of Thennax. 
The management moved 
swiftly to dose down the loss- 
making VW but the excep- 
tional write-offs last year cost 
the company its entire pretax 
profit for the year. 

^ The results announced this 


• FRAMUNGTON GROUP: 
Total dividend 9p (5p) for the 
year to June 30. Sales £84.24. 
million (£53 J3 million). Pretax 
profit £2.89 million (£1.48 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 38.36p 
(20.98p). Total, funds under 
nanagement increased from 
x289 million to £432 million, 
with unhholdings up from 
59.000 to 70,000. 

• VnmorUNT: Mr JFG 
Pilkmgton, the chairman, says 
411 his annual report that proms 
in the current financial year are 
fegain ahead of the correspond- 
3ng period. ' 

• CANADIAN IMPERIAL 
-BANK OF COMMERCE: 
Nine months to July;31. Net 
-income CanS243.98- million 
-(£1.16.91 million), against 
ICanS2 59.97 million. 

-• SELECTV: The company is 
>iissing the dividend - (nil) for 
-the year to March 31. Turnover 
-was down to £96,896 (£261,609) ' 
land pretax loss to tax '262402 
■^335,570). Loss per share was 


week show a much happier 
outcome. Pretax ■ profits 
reached £1. milli on which, 
apart from theitcovery dc- 
' maiu reflects thebendits of 
capital investment in new 
plant and equipment which 
has allowed the group to 
broaden its product noge. 
Margins remain very healthy 
at above 20 pear cent ; 

Continued growth next year 
should see pretax. profits Ad- 
vance to well above. £2 mil- 
lion, leaving the. shares, on a 
■ full tax charge on a prospec- 
tive rating of life tunes. At 
this -level, -the bid premium 
arising from Sitter’s recently 
acquired stake is in for noth- 
ing-’ ' 

Coodhead Print Group, one 
of the largest web-offset print- 
ers outside Fleet Street,- also 
announced its preliininaryfig- 
ures fin* the year to May. 
Pretax profits rase 34 per cent 
10 £1.2 million. The 

announcement was accompa- 
nied by plans for a convertible 
preference rights issue of £3.3 


million to. help to .finance the 
acquisition of .10 free news- 
paper titles bought from the 
Receiver in May for £134 
million. 

This is part of the group’s 
strategy to transform itself 
into a- publisher as well as a 
r. The shares have per- 
' wdl - up 50 per cent 
at 12Gp since its flotation in 
June r985 — but remain on an 
undemanding prospective- 
price earnings ratio of nine 

thnw 

Small companies cannot al- 
ways. buck the trend in the 
economy and this was re- 
flected this week in the results 
of ASD, the independent steel 
distributor. Steel stockholders 
have all endured very difficult 
conditions in the first half of 
the year, reflecting the de- 
pression in demand after the 
collapse of the oil price. The 
s ituati on has not been helped 
either by the strength of 
a gam^t the dollar. - 

A gainst thi* background. 


the company put up a credit- 
able performance but. profits 
cteclined by 14 per cent to £1J2 
million. 

Demand has now stabilized 
after a very difficult first 
quarter but the company is 
hopeful that some laige con- 
tracts from the construction 
indnstxy will lead to a stronger 
second half. The market is 
looking for the group to make 
£2 millio n for the full year (the 
second half is usually t 
active than the firt half) and 
on this basis, the prospective 
rating of nine times is not 
expensive. 

The lack of liquidity in the 
shares limits the performance 
and until the upward trend in 
profitability is resumed, the 
stock will be viewed as 
cydkaL 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member qf the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew. 


COMPANY NEWS 


»> .1.9 lp (2.45p). 


•> l AN investment 

GROUPS The offer by Stakis has 
been declared unconditional in 
ah respects. Accqrtsnces were 
received for 1.9 milium shares 
(86.7 per cent)r The offer, 
including the cash alternative 
will remain open until further* 
notice. 

• PROPERTY TRUST: The 
company ’ has conditionally 
agreed to acquire A'Spencerand 
Sons for £1.07 miffion, to be 
satisfied by a vendor-placing of 
shares in Property Trust. Spen- 
cer is a building contractor, 
based ’ in Accrington, 
Lancashire. \ t '• 

• DEREK BRYANT GROUP: 

Six months to June-30. Pretax 
profit £96.000 (£726, 000): Earn- 
ings per share 0.2 !p(14.6p). The 
directors led itpnideitt to defer 
a decision on the dividend until 
the extent, of the expected 
improvement in the second half 
is known. Talks . are on- with a 
view to acquiring two well- 
established British ' broking 
businesses. 1 ■ . 


• CREDIT FINANCE BANK: 
Six months to June 30 (com- 
pared with the year to Dec. 31, 
1985). No dividend (l.ISp). 
Pretax profit £277,000 (loss 
£1.91* million). Earnings per 
share 2.0p (loss 27.94p% The 
board explains that it would not 
be appropriate to compare there 

with those for the 
period last year 
hi view of the exceptional 
provisions of £3.5 millio n for 
bad and doubtful debts mm** in 
the 1985 accounts. 

• OWEN AND ROBINSON: 
Year to May 31. Total dividend- 
lOp (same). TUmover (net of 
VAT) £880,060 f £944,437). Pre- 
tax loss £88.632 (loss £128, 1 52). 
Loss per share 133J29p (loss 
t86.19p). Sates for the first 
quarter of the current year are 
showing some improvement, 
although much of the increase 
has been at the expense of 
margins. But the board hopes 
that the year’s figures will be 
better, although much will de- 
pend on the Christmas trade. - 


• MAGNOLIA GROUP 
(MOULDINGS): Six months to 
June 30. Interim dividend 125p 
(0 l75pX payable on Oct, 13. 
Turnover £7.48 minion (£7 
million). Pretax profit £509,000 
(£481,000). Earnings per share 
S_56p (3.57p). 

• SOUND DIFFUSION: Six 
months to June 30. No interim 
dividend (nil). Turnover £19.46 
million (£19.1 1 million, ad-; 
justed). Pretax profit £4.03 mil- 
lion $168 million). Timing* 
per share 2£9p (1.93p). 

• PAW MAGELLAN: Six 
months to June 30. Interim 
dividend 0.7p (same), payable 
on Nov. 14. Turnover £5.84 
million (£535 million). Pretax 

)fh £188,000 (£258,000).. 

; per share 2.0p (2.4p) 

• EDENDERRY SHOES: To- 
tal dividend 4p (5p) for the year 
to Jane 30. Trading profit 
Ir£102,772 (£92^00), against 
lr£l 12,666. Turnover h£433 
million (IPE3.68 minion). Earn- 
ings per share 3.08p (3.14p). 


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INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


PncaCb WOw* £* 

last on Y« 

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2364m AmTO Mexanaa 

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68478a American eqMM 
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APPOINTMENTS 


Automobile Association: 
Mr KG Fairdoth and Mr RD 

V anghan become manag ing 

directors, Mr NJ Clarke assis- 
tant managing director and 
Mr Simon Dyer deputy direc- 
tor general. 

Hades Group: Mr Richard 
Taylor joins the board. 

Palma Group: Mr GH 
Camamfle becomes a non- 
executive' director. 

Fasson: Mr Malcolm Dick 
becomes vice president, Eu- 
rope. from October 1. . 



Malcolm Dick 

Aitken Hume: Sr Pieter 
Gadsden becomes a non-excc- 
otive director. 

Household - Mortgage 
Corporation: Mr Andrew 
Dobson has been made exec- 
utive director, product 
development and investment. 

Carroll Security Group: Mr 
Jan HUdrefli joins the board. 
Mr Fred Hoad and Mr Yousef 
Meshtea become non-exec- 
utive directors. 

CT Bowring Reinsurance: 
Mr JS Adams, Mr AS 
Barridge, Mr JWJ Cole, Mr 
MJ Hewett, Mr CM Hills, 
Mr AEB Hoare, Mr DC 
Horton, Mr AD Kemp, Mr 
RA Leeds, Mr LAF Niel Mee 
and Mr HAF Parshall be- 

^Hovrard^^Sy: Mr Richard 
Spooner and Mr Tony Pierre 
have been made partners. 



• Richard Spooner 

CT Bowring & Co (Insur- 
ance): Mr ML ADoson, Mr 
FT Bridage, Mr GS GiHiert, 
Mr BV Hitchcock, Mr HR 
Kerr-Smiley. Mr NAJ Waite 

and Mr DB Wheeler have 

been made-directors. 

Reliance Mutual Insurance 
Society: -Professor- SPL Ken- 
nedy beccanes a non-executive 
dirrctor. 

Redraw Group: Mr John 
Williams has been made 
managing director, Redrew 
Developments (Southern), T 
Headley (Contractors) and 
Headley Builders. Mr Rod 
Mitchell becomes managing 
director. Redraw Develop- 
ments (Midlands). 


COMMENT 


Merger policy back 
in the melting pot 


The report of the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission on Allied Lyons 
is likely to ns-open a lively political 
debateon mergers. Embarrassingly, in 
that eventuality, the Bank of England 
has become the most cogent critic of 
the malign side-effects of periodic 
British mania for takeover bids. 

The Bank strongly opposed the 
Allied takeover partly because the 
high debt involved might impose risks 
on the business, but principally for 
fear of a series of these highly 
leveraged bids. It looked at the 
exchange of $150 billion of equity 
capital for debt since 1983 in the 
United States because of bids or 
management buyouts — and did not 
like what it saw. 

If the economy turned down, banks 
and companies could be sufficiently 
weakened to threaten financial stabil- 
ity- High gearing certainly exacerbated 
the 1929 crash. 

In its evidence to the Commission, 
the Bank said that pre-emption of 
cash flow for debt servicing would add 
to pressure on managements to maxi- 
mize profits and cash in the short term 
by cutting research, product develop- 
ment and investment 

This chimes with the Bank's general 
warnings of short-term thinking in the 
City last October. David Walker, its 
director overseeing relations between 
finance and industry, warned that the 
City's prediction to take a quick 
profit — the premium bidders offer — 
obliged company managers to take a 
short view and cut back on develop- 
ment to avoid becoming a victim. 
Either way, the competitiveness of 
British industry would suffer. 

Mr Walker's analysis of the prob- 
lem was stronger than his solutions. 
The Commisssion took up his chal- 
lenge to look at the effects of loan 
gearing in the Allied case. It came up 
with some frightening numbers, but 
was not unduly worried. 

Fears over gearing, as over many 
aspects of takeovers, relate to cu- 
mulative effects rather than individ- 
ual cases, which are the remit of the 
Commission. So the MMC passed the 
question of gearing and financial 
stability back to the Bank of England 
and the Stock Exchange, which will 
find it hard to make workable rules. 

In another current takeover battle, 
the high technology engine-compo- 
nent group AE has followed Mr 
Walker’s advice by keeping its big 
City shareholders informed. It has 
stressed its research and investment 
programmerwhich it believes essen- 
JdaLto stay competitive worldwide. 
City investors, well aware of the 
arguments for responsible 
shareholding, seem impressed. But 
many of them have simply taken the 
traditional short-term option of sell- 
ing in the market. 

Some institutions have wanned to 


Mr Walker's suggestion that part of 
their portfolio should be run on a 
long-term view. But the trend still 
points in the other direction. Last 
week, the £1.6 billion Unilever pen- 
sion fimd followed British Rail in 
deciding to put its investment 
management out to City firms to use 
neater dealing skills required after the 
City big bang. 

Unilever may follows trend to split 
a portfolio into a passively managed 
index fund and competitively man- 
aged funds geared to maximizing 
short-term gains. The combination of 
arm's length operation. City com- 
petition, short-term dealing and pas- 
sive management, hardly points to 
stronger long-term relationships be- 
tween investors and companies. 

City practices cannot be blamed for 
two other general doubts about merg- 
ers. Do they reduce capital investment 
and job creation? It has long been 
argued that takeovers are too easy an 
option for firms that might otherwise 
make greenfield investments, develop 
new product lines of their own or add 
to competition by entering new 
markets. The threat to jobs can come 
either through lack of investment or 
by the short-term pressures to prune 
to recoup cash and takeover pre- 
miums quickly. 

Certainly, most successful econo- 
mies do not seem so addicted to 
takeovers, and some moratorium 
would be an obvious short-term 
measure to maximize employment. 

Most dangerously, however, these 
arguments imply that financial mar- 
kets introduce consistent and damag- 
ing distortions. That questions the 
basic principle of merger policy that 
(aside from creating monopolies) 
market forces know best 

The Labour Party, in the person of 
Roy Hattersley, is not worried about 
that He wants to reverse policy to a 
presumption that market-inspired 
mergers are bad unless proved other- 
wise. But Mr Hattersley is not against 
mergers. Rather, he supposes that 
mergers inspired by Whitehall are 
superior to those effected by the 
market. History is not on his side. 

Experience has equally shown that a 
narrow definition of competition has 
become inadequate and that other 
unquantified tests of mergers lead to 
inconsistency and influence-monger- 
ing. Interference with market forces is 
dangerous, but has long been judged 
necessary in this area. More may now 
be . needed. Thinking should be di- 
rected to a mix of taxation. Bank of 
England guidance and a more sophis- 
ticated checklist for the Monopolies 
Commission rather than simply to 
more Whitehall discretion. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 


IF YOU'RE SERIOUS 
ABOUT CELLULAR... 



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Send to: Air Call pk. 106-TiO Rochester Row, London SWlP ljp A 01-2000200 -■ T8/^W^ 



SmTZ -- 1 ' 






BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 



STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 



Capitalization and week’s change 

cighi share price movements. Add uwm i 


have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you an a 
winner follow die claim procedure oo the 
hack of your card. You must always have 
vour can) available when claiming. 


ACCOUNT DAYS: 


(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) _ . . , ^ 

t Dealings began last' Monday. Dealings end next Friday §Con tango day September 1 5. Settlement day September 22. 
^Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


— old — 


DAILY DIVIDEND 

£ 8,000 

Claims requited for 

+36 points 

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IE22E3IE3N 


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Allied Insh 


Ad»es 


Bank or Scotland 


lESm 


Drapery .Sores 




Miller (Stanley) I BtnktingJUails 


Ayrshire Metal 


Peiununon 


GaHHbfd 


Sharpe & Filter 


Beattie (James) 'A 


Jones Stroud 


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lEggsrsssii 


Banact Devs 


Muhuone Elect I EJectncais 


Fast Nat Fmancr 


Tilbury Group 


ESI 


iiES32nni 


Manum Thompson I Brewcrict 


Brent Cheer 


Beedam 


Harabios 


[E2SSDE33I 


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Itt&mCPpUeW 338 -10 155 40110 

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104 34213 


BUILDINGS AND HOADS 



Pleasebf sure to take account of 
miy minus signs 


Weekly Dividend 


i.’.-taTay-i 


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BRITISH FUNDS 


3K 


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lest an on* Rod. 


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OVERSEAS TRADERS 


31 22 193 

.. .. 163 

43 23135 
7.1t 12 254 
314 31 133 
07 13 37 
2.1 14137 
03 40320 

07 OJ 227 

103 43100 
23 40 33 
230 43 373 
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57 33 34 
0.1 SI 133 
33 00303 
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22 23 135 
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FINANCE AND LAND 


ns 


13 03 .. 
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INSURANCE 



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CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 


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THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


HORIZONS 


A guide to 
career choice 




.'4% 


*:*?•. .j. ri 


22ini\ 


Three 




5"? ' w * As after the A-Ievd results 
canteoin we are half-way through the 
J^Bawing period when applicants are 
up with places. Instiiu- 
- 1 * 0 "a*® ago "«* strong 
f ld * ^ c ' rc going' 
™ cl< ^ ,n 8 al than 10 points"), are 
now willing to talk to candidates with 

- than ^ose who were 

around last week. 

This is not the case with all subjects. If 
you are trying for a place on a popular 
course you are probably finding diffi- 
culty. it helps at this time of year to be a 
set enlist. Alan Hallmark, a district 
c areers officer in Cheshire, and an 
experienced Advanced Further Informa- 
tion. Service Adviser, said: “You can get . 
in for some science degrees with the same 
grades that are required for some HND 
courses. 

“I’ve had HND business studies 
courses asking for four points and offers 
of four points for environmental science 
f 1 ”* . geology degrees. And students 
looking for places on law or on popular 
arts courses are having problems." 

I have found chemistry departments 
making low offers — and some lnng^gp 
couraes, particularly if the candidate is 
willing to combine an unusual lang ua ge 
with French (“I can take her for French 
and Russian but not for French 
Spanish.") 

There is also a dawning realism among 
students. Some of you have realized 


Tutorial colleges have 
an impressive record 


already that your grades simply are not 
good enough. Either you do not want to 
accept any place that is offered, or you 
haven't got enough points to scrape into 
higher education at alL What can yon do? 
. Thre are three options: re-apply next 
year with the same grades, but to a 
different place or less popular course; re- 
take A-levels; or forget higher education 
and get a job. 

The first is the simplest It leaves you 
free, after putting in a new application 
next month, to earn some money 
through temporary work or to go abroad. 
But it is only a reasonable alternative if 
your grades were respectable, but not 
good enough for your original choice of 
course. If you are in this situation, you 
could sdll pick up a place now, but might 
not want to take part in the current 
scramble and commit yourself to three 
years at a place you know little about. 

You can spend the next few weeks 
looking through prospectuses ancf then 
' send in an early application. You will 
. need to get a 1987 form directly from 
PCAS or UCCA and ask your former 
school to provide a reference. In order to. 
avoid more disappointment next Au- 
gust, it is advisable to check first with 
admissions staff that the grades you are 
holding will be acceptable. 


You can still find a 
place even if your 
A-level results 
were disappointing. 
Beryl Dixon looks 
at the possibilities 

It often helps. Alan Hallmark sayvto 
be able to say that you intend to spend 
the intervening year in employment 
related to your new course (an pair work 
for hngnists, laboratory work for 
scientists, community work for social 
scientists, etc). 

Re-takes are a popular option and 
often the only one students consider. 
They are not easy and you need to look at 
. the' options carefully. At school the only 



possibility may be to repeat the second 
year sixth. Advantage: you are in 
familiar surroundings with teachers who 
know you. Disadvantage: you may fed it 
beneath your dignity or want a change 
anyway. 

Some further education colleges run a 
one-year A-level course. Again, there are 
pros and cons. Some people genuinely 
thrive in a new atmosphere, but the 
examination board, and therefore the 
syllabus, may be different 

“Crammers", or tutorial colleges as 
they prefer to be known, have . an 
impressive record of improving grades. 
Teaching in groups of six or eight — 
usually six hours a week per subject and 
excluding all fringe actvrties (no assem- 
blies, dubs or prefect duties, although 
many provide sports as an extra, “never 
at the expense of study") — they do 
improve most students* performance. 
“We find a very positive-attitude," says 
one. “They really want to succeed this 
time." 




&*> vN f) 


Hi ii j ,i IK N I . \\\ i i 1 1 iK' 


LONDON UNIVERSITY RESULTS FOR EXTERNAL STUDENTS 

HOLBORN LAW TUTORS 
DOMINATES THE PASS LIST 


JUNE 1986 RESULTS FOR BACHELOR OF IAW EXAMINATIONS 


STUDENTS PASSING 
Intermediate 
Final Part I 
Final Partn 


TOTAL HIT % 

329 178 54 

188 100 53 

200 109 55 


TOTAL STUDENTS PASSING 717 384 54 

IT’S RESULTS THAT COUNT! 

The College congratulates its students on the excellent results 
achieved especially the many students who joined our courses 
with the minimum A' level entry of 2 grade D’s. 


R»r details write to: The Registrar Dept EX, Holbora Law Tutors, 
200 Greyhound Road, London W14 9RK Tfelex 266386. 


'Experienced quUffed 


TEACHER/TEACHER 
TRADER (RSA) 

preferably single, required 
for Adult Education 
Institute to run a DOTE 
RSA Course. 

Begin 1st December 1986 
(1st Jan. 87 possible) - 
30th June 198& 
Exceflent conditions and 
salary. 

Letter of application 
with tui C.V. and photo to: 

Ktubschule Migros 
zHv. P.N. Holland 
Oberer Graben 35 




(Switzerland) 


The Centre of the Advancement of 
Counselling 

CANCER COUNSELLING 
COURSE 

ssumsacas SsSSSSP ta 

with backing from the Cancer Research Campaign. 

Wg^d5ESea.« , fltfBar“ 


gSSmawe&wassa-' 


CERTIFICATE IN 
COUNSELLING 

is# fssssrp^. 1 ^ 8 * 

moiBUTfi PARK. NW1 


A oor-year C 


for effeewe comfwxig- 
wnsdns, exploring and 
Lpoficams ere wefcomo 
cusra of Spoilt Sarvteaa 


and Health. 
The Pofcce. 

Topics inckKl 

Education, Industry, u 

le: Mod^-TecNgue»4a 
nwotrSonings^«a»«w 

aOfrPwax» Sessont. 


TRINITY AND 
ALL SAINTS' COLLEGE 
HONOURS DEGREES 

Of the University of Leeds 

B.ED (SECONDARY) 

For Teaching 

. Business Studies Theology 
Home Economics Mathematics 




induding 

A choice off 10 mafor 
academic courses 

For application forms and further details of courses, 
write to:- The Deputy Registrar 


Trimly and All Saints'College 

Brownbc: rio Lent Hc:rcio-Th. 

Leeds LSI S 5HD. 

Te 1 : Leeds 0532 5BJ341 







to honours. Mature 


SSSS 



0% £1500 JOUD gain a Bfrtime'a gpencnce n 

BalnvH^alcMWanV^^ootheCaiB&WelMW^KMfar 

only ua male. Ftat. y«M mm* P*w* semmit on s spend lAmse- 
mcm Watted aimed at todne jw poteotal to tfa* ML 

Pbr details. write or tdepbmc 
M wii it fl iw Ventures Ltd, 119 AUtrton Road, 
Liverpool L18 2DD- Tel: OS1 724 2732. 


alTFK'iFfW 


the grade 


The feet that regular reports are sent to 
parents who are paying up to £1,850 fora 
January re-sit course in three subjects 
and £4,600 for July may have something 
■to do with it With prices like these you 
will want to shop around, asking whether 
books and VAT are included and 
whether there are labs on the college 
premises. But even these establishments 
can't work miracles. If you really have 
reached your academic ceiling, re-sits are 
not a good idea. 

The last option is to seek employment. 
It does not have to be a dead end. You 
may think that a job is a job is a job, but 
there are a lot of opportunities both for 
working your way up from the bottom — 
something we often forget about with the 
emphasis we place on higher eduction — 
and to take vocational qualfidations on 
a part-tjmebasis. 

You may be feeling now that the last ! 
thing you will ever warn is more 
eduction, but in a while yon might 
change your min d and then you can start 
looking around to see what lands of part- 
time, correspondence or "open learning” 
courses are available. 

Local further education colleges have 
always provided part-time courses fix 
business, scientific and technical 
qualifications. 

There are now lots of new initiatives 
known as flexi-study or open learning, 
which combine methods of personal 
tuition, correspondence study and “dis- 


Explore alternatives to 
toll-time education 


tance learning” — audio or video 
recorded courses, which are all priced to 
suit you as the consumer and timed to fit 
in with your commitments. 

Some are based at your local college; 
other packages can be obtained from 
private study centres or professional 
bodies. (The Hotel and Catering Train- 
ing Board, for example, is producing a 
home study package for people aiming at 
eventual management posts in that 
industry). 

Explore alternatives to full-time 
education. What kind of job could you 
get? That unfortunately depends on 
where you live. In some areas some 
employers deliberately look for people 
who have just missed out on higher 
education and offer traineeships to 
people with modest or even non A-level 
passes. But in any case, yon should not 
be too choosy. 

“I advise students in this positon," 
Alan Hallmark says, “to swallow their 
pride and go fin* jobs that don’t sound 
like A-ievel status jobs but are in the 
areas they want to be in. If they can 
prove that they are of slightly higher 
calibre than the 16-year-old entrant, then 
they can in time turn them into, 
management training schemes, taking] 
further quafifictions n necessary.” 


■ra 



WHICH is why, despite your very 
best endeavours, it is possible to lose touch 
with the latest developments, lo settle 
into comfortable habits of thought. 

The Henley Senior Management 
Course has been especially designed (using all 
the expertise of Britain’s best-known, longest 
established management college] to inform 
senior executives of the latest trends in 
management thinking lo improve awareness 
of the political, economic and social environ- 
ment In shorty to sharpen the skills, attitudes 
and insights required at the higher levels of 
management and direction. 

The four week residential course in 
Henley's beautiful Thames-side setting is 
perhaps best viewed as a positive period of 
reflection and enrichment 

Above all, you will find the wide 
ranging programme a stimulating challenge. 
You need not fear having to read hundreds of 
case studies. Rather you will tackle the gamut 
of key senior management topics - from 
organisation to motivation; from systems to 
strategy; from finance to marketing 


WhatJs more; a considerable degree 
of flexibility is built in to the course 

through a repertoire of elective topics 
such as Marketing, Finance, 
Accounting and Employee Relations. This 
enables you to concentrate on the topics you 
especially wish to follow. 

The course also provides an ideal oppor- 
tunity for senior executives to compare their 
own experience and attitudes with those of 
their peers from a wide variety of other organis- 
ations and backgrounds - at home and abroad. 

If you want to avoid the slightest 
danger of your lofty position leaving you out 
on a limb, why not find out more about the 
Henley Senior Management Course 

Write to Professor David Fanner at 
Henley -The Management College; 
Greenlands, Henley-on-Thames, Oxon 
RG9 3AU. Or phone him or Jennie Laird on 
0491 579086. Telex 849026 HENLEY G. 

•^HENLEY^ 




DAVIES’S MAYFAIR 


vf.Tnsr. i :-vy*y;n iji itff v a :<:i 


41 Qmfcg Street, Bckdey Square 
London WlX 7 PB 

Tefc 01-499 3901 Tefec 267612 DMCLQN G 

incipefc Mrs Magda Mcakna 
p. Ed. (London), Dip. Mont. MBUi 


ARCM, Dip. Ed. (London), Dip. MhaL MBIM. 

MANAGERS OF TOMORROW. . . 
aged between 17 & 20?. . . read or — 

Make the best of yourself 
Face that interview 
Produce your Curriculum Vitae __ 

Learn Leaderah ip/Teamwork and Computing and 
What wmltAa the Business World t ic k . . . 


1 TEAR BUSINESS 
DIPLOMA COURSES 

1 TERM BUSINESS 
CERTIFICATE COURSES 
☆ ☆ ☆☆ 

SHORT SUMMER 
BUSINESS COURSES 


Residential Accommodation 
available 

BUSINESS SKILLS WITH THE 
EMPHASIS ON PERSONAL 
DEVELOPMENT LEADERSHIP & 
TEAMWORK TRAINING. 

Ring now for Prospectus 
on 01-499 3201 

DAVIES’S MAYFAIR m m ta dai a wl by DnMi Ed uta r kjnal 
Sera* Lid. id ifar»lina>l taaf k«M i* 1827. 

GOB om at Dniali CoBeps, 68 SnBriis^Xn a Row, Ijnrim WC1 
and Dana* CojtgB. 41 C w eex J Bead, Bate, Sana. 


ENGLISH COURSES 
IN COVENT GARDEN 


GCE retakes - 
Which College? 


Consult us about ‘O’ and ‘A* level retakes and 
get expert advice on tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free and objective We will 
handle your enquiries speedily and efficiently 
- ouranswerphone is available for you during the 
evenings and at weekends. Our offices are just 

f Truma n (^Km ghtley ) 

from Marble Arch. IjfcundedWoy 

IRE TRUMAN & KNH3HTLEY EDUCATIONAL TRUST, 

76 (TS) NOTING HILL GATE, LONDON WO 3LLTEL 01-727 1242 
TELEX: 268 141 (refer TK) 


HORRIFIC 

GCE Results? 



84 % 

AVERAGE PASS RATE 




FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS AND 
MATURE PEOPLE 
BEGINNERS TO ADVANCE 
CAMBRIDGE PRORCfENCY 
ACCOMMODATION ARRANGED 
OPEN ALL YEAR 

64-65 LONG ACHE LONDON WD2E fiJH 

TELEX 20312 WESCOte SELSCOL 
PriRdMfc Y Mm. 

BA ESc <Em4. MED. FJX. 


5 TO 9 STUDENTS PER CLASS 
L f V INDIVIDUAL TUITION 


GLOSCAT 


Gkxicesiershire College of Arts & Technology 

IN CHELTENHAM AND GLOUCESTER 

HIGHER 

NATIONAL 

DIPLOMAS 

Plara available in: 

• Computer Studies 
9 Computer Aided Engineering 
9 Engineering 

a Hotel Catering ami Institutional Management 
9 Mathematics, Statistics and Computing 
for app&ams with relevant ‘A’ levd or hs 
equivalent. 

Student Hostels and Accommodation Advisory 
Service 

For contact with appropriate Course Staff 
telephone Gloucestershire Co&ge of Arcs Sc. 
Technology, Gloucester 0452 426700. 




Ealing College of 

HiQh er f due at ion 



Aft O LEVELS M OXFORD 

* results m •scaanua 
OMDOLLC MBUHNim 




OIAMDWM 
llaooanlged Businsss 
Coums. 
Coroman aal EngHy 
Homs Study Causes 
PetteteOXLBJL 
73 Khattxi Road, Oxford. 
OX2 BlUTattOKS 5314S 


ST. JAHH sasctwnuHAL 
COLUDBC tartous cew*M stwn 
StM Jan & Ann. P mmw.u a: 
Mn MaH). 4. WMHKby Odra. 
SW5 Ol 573 seaa. 




Auddnouin. Ayr KM SHW 
continue your studes in 



The Academic Register 
Tel: ( 8292 ) 520331 


HARRO.V SECRETARIAL 
COLLEGE 



jM»w»iaaeft|iwio« 
Rvempacm fdMM< 


TaL cm 037 4481 


t WDnrattK, Mijnr up*il 


vMhi-ioiimmt 
WbaetodM - m> Md not 



A AND 0 LEVEL 

Courses and RESITS 

ki Maflwm rtc a and 

Physics 

Pareorartutflon 

Telephone 
01-937 6521 


TEACHER TRAINING 


N you ms an ILEA ncognsed 
Mud n aoebts. droid tuning 
2™ to eontw 

PHB awUfl. m *HS 7 8131 

orsandasAa. to 


112 6 reM 
Loufan VfCIB 3 NQ 


CoMlwBe d oo oast p a n* 


























22 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


EDUCATIONAL COURSES REVIEW 


01-481 1066 


VISUAL PROBLEMS ? 


Think of 

THE ROYAL NATIONAL COLLEGE 

(FURTHER EDUCATION FOR THE VISUALLY HANDICAPPED) 


Voca tional courses in Business Studies, Computing, 
Remedial Massage, Music and Piano technology: also 
'A and ‘O' levels for UravsrsJty entrance. Fun training in 
the blast technical equipment and in living skills and 
mobility. 

Recognised by the D.E.S. Fees normally paid by the 
L£A- Or M.SLC. 


For further Information apply ftx 

The Registrar, 

Royal National College, 
College Road, Hereford HR1 1EB. 


The Newnham Sixth Form Centre 
Cambridge 


A contucmona] rixih fann college in central Cam bodge. The 
™1L'8C prepares students for A levels ora mixluncof O and A 
krets. Oxbridge Entrance comes and 
nuke counts coromendng in September 
and Jamary arc also offered. Good 
acannmodatitn is available. 



For farther mfonnuioa 

n lfW wmnH' 

TTwCoUcgc Secretary. 

The Ncwabatn Sixth Form Centre. 
24 Bulan Road. 

Cambridge CD39LB. 

Tctcnhoac (0223) 67739/67744 


AT LANSDOWNE YOU LEARN TO 
MANAGE INFORMATION, 

NOT JUST TYPE IT. 

LANSDOWNE SECRETARIES 
HAVE A FUTURE IN 
MANAGEMENT 


ImDMra offer, nm Mn Im wdw i Mown* : 


9tMK are 9*en~rtenwe racawrat gudanea. a range o( commenai skua 
aweourM, n Dusrase nonagemM One eon 


COmfMar Mrmnal per SUIJem to 

m aam a e nanus on nran n Busmen eompiang and midreoeeaang. 
Mufc-Uigual mmng m awnenon wen On Fresug ca ngus (Germany or 
Advanced busowss Sacreunn mesc* «i Amnca. Locawc ai Kansngton. 
Lw ad owne a pat of an a sM Bk M wd Ouemesx eoO a ge. 

Dtrector of Admissions, 

Lansdotme Secretarial Cotege. 

43 Harrington Gardens, London Sw7 4 JU 
Tot 01-373-7282/3/4 


Independent 6 th Form College. 
A-Level in all subjects. Re-takes 
and one/ two year programmes. 
The college has excellent 
facilities, and an international 
reputation for first-rate tuition. 


Contact: 

The Secretary, 
Cambridge Seminars, 


4 Hawthorn Way Cambridge. (0223) 3 13464 



HOGARTH TUTORS 


17, Queensgate Place. 
SW7 5NY 
Tel: (01) 584 7196 
(01) 584 1017 


A & O LEVELS RETAKES 
1+2 year courses all boards 


Why retake 
'GCE’sat 


Recent Sludtnc' Commott 
'Rrirtttg In raidc 


meanewaiKudeio'^^StS 
better ^adesT 

~Friendy:hrfpU soft and lottof 
goad areen adwee. FanraatcT 
Vs been mare Hwaainata 
(MwuMy and I've wad 
wares*!* 

ffioitoowddlkots 


TEL: 01-581 3307 


STGCXX3C5(XXLEGE 

Secretarial. Business 
sad Language Comes 


Wferd Processor "Daining 


En glish Cor Overseas 
Students 


Resident & Day Students 

Tbe Registrar (TR 
2 Arkwright Road. 
LONDON NW36AD 
1fciepboae;01435983I 


“OXFORD ACADEMY: 

btenabonS sdnot 
RBadinU/Oay: 

6 .C.E. sublets, nc. sconce. 
For details, mts Ik 

Tha Sscratm, 
OXFORD ACADEMY, 

IS BafAtafl Road. 
Oxford. 0X2 6 SP 
Tot (8885| 512174." 


MANCHESTER 

• « A Levels 
Retakes & first tons 
Intensive 1 year/1 term 
courses in Mathematics 4 

Science subjects. Group 8 

mdMdualtutton. 
Educate Co Mga, 
Braun Lane, 
Manchester, Ml 9 1DR 
Tel: 061 442 0858 


Fellowships 


RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP 


GIRTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE 


are invited for a Research Fellowship ten- 
i from 1 October 1987 for three years, fbr research in 
an Arts subject The FeBowshlp Is open to men and 
women 
Resear 
35 years. 

The emduments of the FeBowship are reviewed annu- 


wbiect The FeBowsWp is open to men and 
yaduates of any untverstty. Candidates for a 
i Falowshlp shall normally be below the age of 


laHy. From 1 October 1986 the stipend for a person who 
. '-j £5000 par annum: for a 


has not completed a Ph.D is 
person with a Ph.D, £6870 per annum rising by two 
increments to £7170 per annum. Financial support from 


other sources may be taken into account 
FeBowsNps are pensionable under USS. Residence is 
provided, if required, and co mm ons (La. meals) are free 
of charge. If the Research Fellow is married a fivmg out 
allowance of £686 p-a. and child aBowance of £250 per 
annum for the first child is made. Research Fallows wtf, 
if they wish, be permitted to teach up to six hours per 

umslf 

VVIHMW 


Applications, on a form which may be obtained from the 
Secretary to the Council. Glrton College, Cambridge CB3 
OJG. must be returned to her not later than 14 octal 
1986. A statement of approximately 1900 words, outlin- 
ing the work candidates wish to submit in support of 
tnalr applications and the research they propose to do it 
tied, wfll be required at the some time as the appfiea- 

I oon is returned. If the appkeara is short-fisted he/she writ 
be asked to submit work in support of the appfcation. 


Since the College Is advertising for a Research Fefow in 
the Sciences as wefl. applicants should state when writ- 
ing tor an application form whether their subject of 

research is an Arts or a Science subject 


RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP 
GIRTON COLLEGE CAMBRIDGE 


> are invited for a scientific Research FeBow- 
iip open to graduates of any university and tenable tor 
three years from 1 October 1987. Th 
nmiM lie in the fields of Mathematics, Natural 
Geography and aified subjects. 

The emoluments of the Fellowship are reviewed annu- 
ally. From 1 October 1986 the stipend tor a person who 
has not completed a PhD is £5000 per annum: tor a 
person with a PhD, £8870 per annum rising by two 
Increments to £7170 per annum. Financial support from 
other sources may be taken Mo account 

are pensionable under liSS. Residence is 
provided, if required, and com mo ns (La. meals) are free 
of charge. H the Research Fellow is married, a &vmg out 
allowance of £686 pn. and chlid aBowance of £250 per 
annum tor the first child is made. Research Feflows will, 
if they wish, be penrdtfid to teach up to six hours per 

inMWtlf 

nuurt. 


Applications on a form which may be obtained from the 
Secretary to the Counca, Girton Coflege, Cambridge CB3 
OJa must be returned to her not later than 5 November 
1986. A statement of approximately 1000 words outlin- 
ing the work candidates wish to submit in support of 
their applications and the research they propose to do if 
elected, wffl be required at the same time as tha appfica* 
tion is returned. The applicant should also include a 
short resume of his/her research for an informed lay- 
man. If the applicant is short-listed he/she wfll be asked 
to submit work to support of the application. 

Since the College is advertising tor a Research FeBow in 
the Arts as wet applicants should state when writing tor 
an application form whether their subject of research is, 
an Arts or a Science subject 



Martin sCollege 


TEACHER TRAINING VACANCIES 1988 ENTRY 

Abb nv tt/ atom 
B Ed (Hots Teadapri-^ 

Mai sdneds hi Mogy- EnsfcA fieoonsHr. Mabry, has. 
More. BS. 

B a M Smtay Tracking «A Yraft Work} 

Conaway rad Ybatti Suite Mb m ol EogtaA. tbBs. Gaognjey or RS. 
PfiOE 

Vk*oh tar Mata aid Phws (Semndaiy TMtttng} QES Bushy mribfe. 
The Bogittii (SI) SL Marta Cotaw. Lunantir. LAI 3JD. 

Tat 8524 


C AMBRI DGE CENTRE FOR Oral 
SIXTH-FORM STUDIES Vi 



dUndtatbiU 


tnUihlt. Farther ia- 
formation wav _ha 
waecatay; 1 1 


|tiae Rood. Crafaridfe* CBl URT£| 

CCS8 m BteMta aaifiHoiRM fa ft* Cbefaarae fee fa*- 
nntdrat late Iifcmrirai and rat Briltth Anrftako 


GCE COURSES IN HARROGATE A LONDON 



H/4RROG4TE 

TUTORIAL 

COLLEGE 


House 
Park Road 
HG1 5PD 
TefaphonesOCtS- 
501041/508341 


GCE O & A Levels a nd Ret akes 
Individual Tuition 

Ex a m ma t io n Centra - GCE, RSA (Nov^lan-June) 

i Quanted and Experienced Tutore 

I and Careers Advisory Service 


i, 41A Ki 


Street 




St Andrew’s Private Tutorial Centre 
Cambridge 



The longest established tutorial 
college in Carabrid&e preparing 
students fir O and A level 
examinations. Retake 
courses are offered. Good 
student facilities and 
approved accommodation. 


For ranker in form anon please 
rtltac or write we 
The Scae u ry. 

SL Andre'S Private 
Tatorcd Ccoirc. 2A Fro School Lane. 
Crntbrid^ CB2 30A. 

Tdephaae (0223) 6004Q/M6S2 


SPANISH INSTITUTE 


Term starting 29th September. 
SPANISH LANGUAGE COURSES AT ALL 
LEVELS. 

(Lunchtime, afternoon & everting). 

"O" & "A” levels - Institute of Linguists. 
Commercial course. Spanish shorthand. 
Post graduate course "Espana 
Contemportinea”. 

Cultural activities & membership facilities. 

Send SAE fbr details to: 


102 Eaton Square, London SW1W SAN 
Tek 01-S 


-2351484/5. 


1 ‘A’ LEVEL 


There are a few more places on our Home Eco- 
nomics BTEC H.N.D. Course at Croydon CoBege. 
If you are interested in making a career be 


Food & Cookery Journalism : Consumer Advice 
Marketing of Food Products : Food Retailing 
Manufacturing & Retailing of AppSances 
Marketing of Food Products : Quality Control 
Fbr Food & AppSances 


For details of this course 
‘phone Carol Green: - 
01*686 5700 


r UNIVERSITY TUTORIAL 
COLLEGE 

Established 1889 

GCE *0’ AND ‘A’ LEVEL TUITION 

The oldest and most opcrienccd Tmorid CoBege ie London 

Retake and t Year Courses in most subjects. 

For Ptopcc t as 103 Gnat Russell Sired. Loudon WCIB 3LA 
Telephone: 01-580 4676 (24 hours) 


CHIROPODY AS A PROFESSION 


The demand far tfw trained man or woman cMrofXxta la Bw 


private sudor is increasing. Most of ta^taHqg neoaaawy to 


quafify lor a cSptonm in chiropody may M lakao A barn ty w|f 
specadsad correspomtenca lessons totowod by fuM practical 
fr o W q g . You ara mritsd to writs for the Irae booMM from 
The School of Snraleal CUnri 
The 8MUE tadtoH StoWtasdli 
BaNwIU (DapL TT1| 


Bodl Rood, , 


Ttk (0S28) 21180 i 


I and (BI2to 32448 


AFTER GCE 
WHAT NEXT? 

VNchCamaTJHritti Canwr? 


WhidlO— HhaBop? 

im— tksUw 





8 • • CAREER ANAIYSTS 

m re a»° fl—w nacs.wi 

m m w 01-335 54521 24 tM 


* Qtarlered Sac (RSA) 
■k LLB Ext Law De«m 
♦ Hntd A aaat Up 


(MflM) A- Art. Onin. 


From Sept M. 
Han l^arCHn 
afaaAiaHiMe, 


Apply to 

Thai 


Tat: 81-484 9097/7588 



LONDON STUOBfT 

RESIDBICE 


An you baking far a centiaL 
soon and pbaraOfy tun stadnt 
resKtaX? 

Rates from E48JH per nek. 

Contact THE REGISTRAR: 
ftyonstiM Student ResidefKB 
16 Bqanstan Sgare 
UwJon W1 

Tabohone: to 402 8606 


f WHY BETAKE AT ^ 
CAFTTAL COLLEGE? 
tstaai-pMUpua 



A AND 0 LEVEL 
RESITS 


M at hema ti cs and hgria 
Courses . 

Group and Privsie tufflan 


Telephone 
01-937 6521 


PREUMVBtSny? 
POST UNIVERSITY? 



BUHflNGHAM 

OaMAtmb 


Snai-jjrani Moo for Mb tangs 
of soqscts over oik brat and one 
year. CrogratatsNB bturtay 
taedtin; coflogs apjaiMd 
acconoodabon avaldat 
awaMhMM. 

KKiSfiB?"* 


WaPiWa 

MlaiMl 

SSSSfc. 


eBSMk MafaaSM. taOMin. 


INNER TRACK 

LEARNING 

Learn tav to use your right Iran 
to acceiente teamng and pass 
Boms. 


nr 

Lon don aadC obwOv- 
Breuns bum 
REdraal Laator 
4A Ferae Hone. Keraltio 
Gun GL7 6 AD 
T«t 028577 447 


ART & DESIGN 


Foundaitaa. kfliu dacl m y and 
Post Foundatkn (re-»ica- 
Bon) Courses. Places avadabb 
for 1988 start. 


Tbe Btockbetlta 
School of JUt 
61-852 3960. 


THE CITY 
(MIVERSITY 

Extra Mural and 

Return to Study 
Courses for Adults. 

Contact 

01-253 4399 x 3268 


WANT TO BE 
MORE THAN JUST A 
SECRETARY? 

atMndira 


Cofcn^3 Cip 8SL 


(8855)251982/512821 
(24 hr*) 


im Qinn 

Ooucoe. 22-34 
Race. Undos swt 
R tanv write or teushone lor 

pTO t pe ctw 01-089 8CB3 or Ol.- 

581 8551 

WffoannoiULGOurel 

OCE 1 year counts and one 

teim mus. ReMdenttaL Pro 

spechw: 30 DudSdawae Rd. 

. BcdfORL OZM 46157. 


T TMTVFR <OTY APPOINTMENT^ 




University Appointments 



UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE 
LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE 


SUBJECT OFFICER FOR CRAFT, 
DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY 


Applications are invited from graduates with relevant educational and administrative 
experience for ihe posi of Subject Officer for Craft, Design and Technology subjects. 
C andidates should have a good honours degree, qualifications in the teaching of these 
subjects and experience in the development of syllabuses for tbe General Certificate of 
Secondary Education. A willingness to become involved in a broader range of subjects, 
particularly those of Computer Studies/Computer Science, would be an advamtage. 


The appointment is pensionable under the University Superannuation Srt»nn» The 
stipend is currently in the range of £9.880 to £12,780. 


Applications (three copies headed CDT Officer) should be sent with the names of three 
referees to the Secretary of tbe Syndicate so as to reach him not later than 26 September 
1986. Further details of the post are available from the same 


The Secretary 

University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate 
1 Hills Road 
Cambridge CBl 2EU 


UNIVERSITY OF 
BIRMINGHAM 
DSWmHIT OF SKCUL 
BKMTMM 


K8BW CU FELLOW M MC80- 

comnEfl nsiBd esrbczz 

TfflVV MD CtMVTIB ASSUMED 


AaWkn n Mto tar ns pen. 

|MH b» M M MMMl MM far 

pt BWa HraM ton is JvaayJ 
1W7 a as nan b mto BmtaJ 


it* mpaoMu wft. ill tsm. 
■baai mnoBlar tfaw was saara 


foimctojnrijb^L 

■■■■■ tow «*». by 

mnas ri Ms tap sat am tp- 
note aam. is ncro-cmasao^ Ttal 

Bern a wwaaM nit m lot era war la 

fla 

US07!)-f12.7aQl 



wmmm. pjl sot an 

ton. 0W ZtT. la nan m. 

gyta^to-totaW.* 

(fa 5 


In 


Mautemoucs. Scttncr Otttttai. 
Cuumwon Unlv. Cattcvc. PXL 

BM777. Monraita. umta rw. 

Africa). MUmn reau lr wng n i: 

Ph.D 


wiu wc mti nmu In antysts. 

ototraci awetm and/or urku- 
W Dutiei U 

undirsradualr courses. 


WESTERN INTERNATIONAL 

UNIVERSITY 

Phoenix and London 


Will require both fuH and part-time lec- 
turers at their London Campus In the 
following disciplines:- 

Accounting 

Marketing 

Public Relations 

Finance and Commercial Law 

Computer Science 

Candidates should have a post graduate 
qualification together with extensive 
commercial experience. Successful Ap- 
plicants will be appointed to the faculty 
of W1U. There wul also be the opportu- 
nity of exchange visits to Phoenix, 
Artzof 


ana. 


WIU is fully accredited by The North 
‘ of Col 


Central Association 
Schools. 


alleges and 


Applications in complete confidence to> 
Dr L G Tostevin 

Special Assistant to the Chancellor 
Office of the Chancellor 
Western International University 
19 Stratford Place 
London WIN 9AF. 


UNIVERSITY OF README 


AgpAgrtaia am inriad from i 


Deputy Librarian 


spproprlata monac 

acadgroel&rwytormBpostof £ 

of automata RnuYwaw -i is assantiaL Th# post hj 

■«8 bwji 1 Aprff 1967. S atary sc ab £14870 to £18825 pJL 

(under raviowj Jia OSS/USDPS bonefts. Afpicaflon forma 

p copes) and turttiar porbeutars may ba obotad tan tho: 

Pereannai Officer, 

Unhwsity of Reading, 

‘ ‘ ' . P.a Box 217, 
ReaSnq, RG8 2AH 



date for appficaBoite to 
“ Please quote Ref. PD1. 


MONASH UNIVERSITY 
Melbourne, Australia 

CHAIR OF BOTAHY 


to 
vacant 

Canny. 


aretovttttotorHppointrnarttolhBaw 

jut e# Botany which hee t»c«iw 
tin iw^yiation of Piofeseor MJ.P. 


Sotany is an active department which has anesteb- 
fished national aid inter na tional reputation tor toe 
high quality of as graduates and its researc h. W ith 
an academic ateffof 9.5 end 16 technical shrif. it 
ofintarest 8 ,incfcJdtogpliystol- 
■ance, plant osM fine structure, 
of marine algae, the higher 
r, plant systematica and evoki* 
of ptanUnfmai interactions. 
m body oonsitos of 19 PhD. 
and there are 4 grant-funded 


covers a wide 

ogyof 
reproductive 
fungi, wetland 
don, and the 
Thecwrant 
and Pri.Sc. 


graduate research workers. 


The department m atoMns a 


matotatoi a Systems Garden, 
an experimental area provkflng 
no and research, tt also has an 


material tor ._ . . . 

totematktoafiy regi s tered herbarium and aperatee a 
world class ele ctro n micro sc opy (scanreno ana 
transmission) unit which te de facto a " 


A scientist with a strong research r^utaiion b 
sought to atontoteter the department and guide its 
future development The euccessfal candidate must 
hove oweatedJng leadership and administrative 
quaii' ^s, and toe abilty to interact positively with a 
wide range of people from both within toe itotveraky 
aid from external bodes. Applicants' -It iterates 
sftarid preferably strengthen, and/or comptomant. 
tin existing tsacning and rei ea rc h fields of the de- 
partment ft b hoped that the new Professor w» 
take up cUy as soon as posable in 1987. 


Enquiries of an acadsmie nature should be ad- 
dressed to Dr NJX Hatam, the Acting Chabrnan of 
the Department 


travel 


and removal anwanoe, and 
assbtanoe. 


Information on mofication procedure and further 

partiatas may be obtained from the He g totmr, 

Monash Unhrenrity, Clayton, Victoria. 3168, Austra- 
lia, or the Secretary General, Association of 
Commonwealth UnhmreBbs ^Apgofitonents). 38 


Gordon Square, London, 


AppNeations should reach the Registrar not later 
than 24 October 1966. Councfi reserves the right to 
make no appointment or to appoint by invitation at 


any stage. 


AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER. 


UNIVERSITY OF READING 
MIcroWoloBy/Plaot Pathology 
Research Fellow 


0 ° nathooens in hydro- 


w^m 


iSg 

JigRef/m5A tor Application Fdrm ID. 


Personnel Officer, 
University of Reading 


!17, 



UNIVERSITY OF EMIB0R6H 
FACULTY OF VETEBMAB Y ME DICiHE 
WUUM PICK CBABSUFWTBHIIMY 



MWtan Dtt Ota * 


itottdaiiMdMomtnM 




The 


53 


Bridie, 


tf Edtaburgk, 
1 1LS. 


Vi iV 


I •' 


UNIVERSITY 
OF BRISTOL 


APPOINTMENT OF 
BURSAR 


AMdoMmi wr invtted mn 
suitably ouaUlM . penons 
wttt o w wti i* BPBteW 
for me 0 <nce of Bursar of thf 
UiVv«T8Uy. The eunar b ra> 
smosMo to me vtw 
CtwnoaOor for Dw. butldlno* 
or th* UWcrany. On develop- 
ment or «es and me 
ti roi W on and manogatnent or 


THE BRITISH ACADEMY 

Research Awards 1986-7 . 


Applicants an invited Cor grants to 
research at a pest-doctoral or eqrivakat 
within the humanities and social sciences under 
the foUdwiag schemes o4«wni«t» i 4 by the 
British 


L PERSONAL RESEARCH GRANTS 


Closmg dales: the end of September, 
November, February and April ft>r 
applications up to £2,000; the end of April 
for apidications between £2,000 and 

£ 10 ,r 


2. COLLECTIVE RESEARCH GRANTS 


For work conducted by or bn behalf or 
academic institutioiis. learned societies and 
similar bodies (including programmes of 
excavation and other 


3. OVERSEAS EXCHANGE PROGRAMMES 


Special programmes providing research 
visits to the UiLA^ East Europe, 


China 

and Japan. A limited number of travel 
grants are available for speakers at 
overseas conferences. 



be received by 28 February and 31 
AugusL 


Applications should relate to original 
research at a post-doctoral or equivalent 
level; persons ordinarily resident in tbe 
United Kingdom are eligible to apply. 
Conrideratiaa cannot be men to folding 
research directed towards obtaining an 
a c ad emic or professional qualification. 


Further details and application forms t 
obtained from The Secretary, The Bril 
Academy, 20-21 Cornwall Terrace, London. 
NWl 4QP; Tek 01 487 5960. 


snvtim. Tin adary of me ap- 
potatment wffi .be . not leu 
man £24.000. Farther panic- 
uln may be obtatnni from 
Bw Registrar M Otnaanfe 
Senate Home. Briaol BS8 
1TH (ouattng ra fara ny e; 
ECWL to Wham anHcatiODa 
thould beam by SUt Octo- 
ber. 1986. 


UnKvnAy of Brtstal 

FACULTY OF 
ENGINEERING 

CHAIR IN THE 
DEPARTMENT OF 
COMPUTER SCIENCE 
The Unherstbr protKna 10 
tnakeanatwointnwni KW*f- 

and Chair tn the OnwHment 
of Owi m u i erScttwrr. Thb w a 
pew agpomiment. ortttna 
ttirwVi on oMnwm «f the 
DnartiMtH. awhmuoim 
wowM be parttanurly wet- 
earned from person* wiui 
Mtem» tn software mslnref - 
log and ads a nted rofapMcr 
arcMIortvre. There tt also a 
lectureship associated wiui 
mis appoinimeM. 

Suitably ouaurted candidates 
are Invited to submit appuca- 
uans by 30th SMtmter. 
1986. Funner parOcuum. o I 
tnr appointment may be ato- 
laiiied nom the Beputrar and 
Secretory. Uotversuy at Brta- 
UH. Senate House. Bristol. 
BS8 1TH. 


SpeciaUst Training 



•» »• 


. t 


IN - COMPANY 
ENGLISH LANGDAGE TRAINING 


IN GEHMANY 


We ara recnjjttog expenencod and q ig fiad 


Native Speaker - Language Trainer . 

For a client in the Frankfurt Area. Applicants 
iC. 28-46 Years) should have a sofkf back- 


license. 


possi&fy 


vmg 


Trainers will be employed tty EURO- 
sprac^schulen-orgamsAtion, 


a large 


Germany and" will work on a permanent 
contract starting January 1987. 

Appfications with C.V and recent photograph 

to;. _ 


E8R0-SPRACBSCHBUI- 
QRGAMSATIOR, 
HABPSTR. 26, 

D-8751 STOCKSTATD/IRAIR. 
West fifinsaiy 
ATTN. MRS BASTAMER 



COBOL PROGRAMMING 


★ Train tar a 

HRMHilS BU9UUHWOA 

rir Hands on axparianca 
■k Next course 


October 


: CUf.- = :j7 = R SERV-CES 




.-Si-. 




Tp|- 437? 


— «e— ■ 
k: > 
tat-. . 


f-i , . _ 



HAIEYBURY AND IMP8UAL SERVICE COLLHX 

HAILEYBURY JUNIOR 
SCHOOL, WINDSOR 

APPOINTMENT OF HEAD 


The Govemoxs of Ha3eybmy Junior 
School invite applications for the post of 
Head from 1 September 1987 following the 
retirement of The Rev. PJLLL Morgan. 
Further particulars and a form of applica- 
tion may be obtained from The Secretary 
to the Conned, Hafleybnry, Hertford, SG13 
7NU - 


KOCESE OF TRW9 BOMB OF EDOCATHM 


m behalf ef the ecumenical 
Management Committee 


AppBc a ffans am invasd from 
experiatree of teaching 


ondary Schools for tha posfofAdviser in 


wtto 
in Seo- 


Ettecation (Secondary^. The successful 

: fwMIme under toe general direction of the 
m County secondary 


wffl work hteMkne under ittej 

Senior county Inspector L — 

^ioote, wxl with the Cotffity In-service training 


Th * Bg* Fig Oopdridga, DkMreaan House, 
Ktawyn, Truro, OomareB, TR1 30U. 


jJMrtti* P . 



Prep & PubHc Schools 


DNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 
EXECUTIVE OFFICER 


tequktolora M rite a l ta S>tttaO<BaskBrGir>Dn4itateMHdl» 
typing n a busy office. Duties also mdude daticai MSOtawa, 
Wpvjg at anquify counter and r«ponWffy for ninningonoaxami- 
rmna wauid Butt young gadwre or cofieg* hn w sa a Wng a 
graer in Uravootty adm mtraa on. Satey on state £7278^8832 
■nd- p4U 


Apply in writing or telephone: 
01-387 7050 Ext 2046 
far farther detafis to: 


Senior Assistant Registrar, 
University College London, 
Gower street, LONDON WC1E 6BT. 


Bedales School 

PH®»FiaO, HANTS GU32 206 


HWCOBncnVWALTIBOflnoUT 

(Senior School 13-18 Dunhuret 8-1 3 Dunannie 4-8) 


HEAD TEACHER 


FOR DUNANNIE 
Pre-Preparatory Department) 

For Jamary 1967 77 days girls andboys 4*8 years 

Furttiaf oarticifiars may ba obtokiad from tha HdodmasMr 

QfBethtaSttaotondaDoBc«tit»whwra^«faS7fc |ffi| y{| 


a tefi curriculum vtae together wftit nemM atidrasM* aid 


OAKHAM SCHOOL 


Winter term started on 7th September. 
Dominic Burke is Head Boy and Claire Hatton 
isHeadGirL 


During the summer the Rugby XV and the 
Gill’s Hockey XI toured New Zealand and the 
Chamber Orchestra visited West Germany. 


The Old Oakham fan Club Dinner will be held 
in the school on Saturday 25th October. The 
First Oak ham In du stri al Business Scholarship 
has been awarded to Christopher Nalty, and 
Ll Colonel T-M. Reay has token over the post 
ofBuxsar. 


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Courses 




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One A Level or 
Equivalent? 


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SKise-aRast. 






Tel: 037322341. 


LANCASHIRE 

p &trrECHNic 

AT PRESTON 



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■- 4 - 

























LA CREME DE LA CREME 


totu&Hubi y&u under ew 

- And an for temporary assignments and full time career openings- in the WEST END 01-629 0777 CITY 01-621 9363 H0LB0RN 01-4302531 VICTORIA 01-6300844 W g « 1C I H B WONDERS 




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'■ • ■ t:, [j 

... • rjx £ 

r • •- • B 

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r> 


About £30 


Manpower takes care to assign Its 
temporaries fbrtheir SMBs, pereonaflty. 
and type of woric. So we pay 
occordlngty If you can handle 
advanced ward processing. weUgfve 
you assignments that wffl payyou 
around £30 a wee* man than 
someoneat basic' level 




But even If you're of Iholovrer level 
it's slUI pretty good and we provide free 
"Stittware-trolntrg to move you up. If 
you’re at the tap of fhe temporary tree, 
that's how well pay you; if not yet won 
help you climb. 

- Yale to w about pay... <xidcril 
the other benefits. Cedi m now. 


Tel: 225 0505 

24 hour answering service 


PJ l 

CENTRAL UNE 
co £10^00 

Working for a young 
director of litis go- 
i ahead and expanding 
{ company you win 
need good secretarial 
skills (cross train AES 
} WF) together with 
• the ability to handle 
, pressure/deadlincs 
■ and responsibility 
1 whilst keeping a cool 
I head. A flair for 
adnrin/figuKi and 
systems a must. Age 
21+. 

Bernadette 
of Bond St. 

Rccru>nncfli ConwHaW 
Ha » wUmHhtmiOaisg 

H-CZttZM 


RECEPTIONIST 
COVENT GARDEN 
PR. Company 

Greeting visitors, 
making appoint- 
ments and booking 
boardrooms are all 
pan of a busy 
receptionist’s job in 
this young company. 
A little accurate typ- 
ing is useful as you 
will be taught how to 
use a simple personal 
computer. Salary 
£8,000 

Bernadette 
of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consult* n» 

Ll *■ SS.ra«MrM*ra**«< 


■■■'Si 


GRADUATE SECRETARY 
PERSONAL ASSISTANT 

required for 

CHAIRMAN & MANAGING 
PIRECTOR 

of large public company based in 
Birmingham. 

Firsi class secretarial and administrative 
skills essential. Age 25-32. 

Apply in writing with CV. to; 

Walter Judd limited (Ref: L767) 

SPANISH 

SPEAKING SECRETARY 

£10,000 + PERKS 

MjarssssMffaSsS : 

§£3»Sss flssats 

Wf p*« M AS 828 5582 KATHY RER4-Y 
Alfred Marks Recnstment Consultants 

/ % ite 3GB I RantabMH™ 

23 Rood Lane, London EC3 


SECRETARY TO 
UTERARY AGENTS 

Covent Garden 

Working with this 
Trail, sncccessfnl 
team you will be 
liaising with publish- 
ers, authors and 
handlin g T.C. ri ght 
and royalties. This is 
a ”riwi and stimulat- 
ing environment 
req uirin g a good cdu- 
catian and exedkm 
secretarial skills. Age 
22+. cX9,000 

Bernadette 
of Bond St 

RacniiMiani Consultants 

li a* 


BACK 

FROM 

YOUR 

HOLS! 

Bright young secretaries , 
required for interesting 
varied jobs. If you are 
looking for permanent or 
temporary call Melanie. 
Maxine or Karen on 
222 5091. 

NORMA SKEMP 
PERSONNEL 

(opp. & Jamofc Puk tabe) I 


aw 

MEMTERRAMIIEE 


WAt nth CV w 

Cta* RtedBe w aw a 
Rd LHB 

TLM 


'^.JteqppredaJfa0< ' ; 

the statins effort* 
during Aeynr ef.-- 
aurbyalttagj: ' > !■ ... 
espcdaBy that nice 
tmtponjtyt^Mam 
toakonforaweek- 
kutJune..: 2 **f 


Temps — £12,740 p.a. 

The best hourly rate in London for shorthand tes^wi&WPskifc 


SECRETARY/ADMINISTRATOR 

London NW 1 c£ 9 ,QOO 

General Manager of NEC needs an 
^^^J < ^^cr^ary/Adrrtnistratorto help him in our busy 

J?* 1 b® a 9 ®d between 2545 with a good track record as 

r'.A. to senior management Good typing and sound 

skills are needed Shorthand would also be 
useful although this is not as important as maturity and a 
confident personality. 

VVte offer a competitive salary, pleasant wotting environment 
and the usual benefits associated with a large company. 

Please apply in writing to: May Soudah, NEC Business 
Systems (Europe) Ltd, 35 Oval Road, London NW1 7EA or 
telephone for an application form on 01-267 4530 using 
our 24 hour ansaphone service. 


Top Jobs for Top People 

£15*000 

Essentially the need is to cope with ever- ch ang i ng priori ti e s but the heart of the 
■ Stockbraking. With the Mukots scattered fat g a tjnmj 

room the hours an long and the expectations, from ona of tha City’s moat mfioan- 
toJ figures, « not for the fomthcautcd. He needs a real E xe c u t iv e Secretar y whom ■ 
■ante are flawless and who wffl make e major contrBjotion involving direct access to 
the workrs leading business persontfocs. This is the nhw—ta >■ *■ ■ ■ ft. tim 
eentn of global fin a nci al darting* si. tins most exciting time. 

* ^ «3»0M 

Are you aeelmga abafght-fonranl senior aeeretarhl job vriweyoor talents aa a tint 
dam bodk-«g» can be ntffisod and where yon ns lata pride m your da3y a Jtiw 
“«*>•» - Feritapo you too are bdng sought by the Senior Partner at a kading 
Property Company in May&tr - d^ant aun o updmgs end a busy and mtoreating 
work content will had to an immensely satisfying and comfortable canoe. 

01-629 9323 


^ What’s the difference between ^ 
Basic W/P work and Advanced? 


» We offer: 

A ABourstpBedlanpiAc same rat 
* Regular temporary woi^; 
ir WtSorffxaedan d b da estingau ig noK n l i 
it £200 hobday bonus — noJrmgi afltiffeJ 
W •& Free WPcrmy^rainhgonidectdnnchmcs 

f Yoa needs 

' it 1 00 Uf*n shorthand 
it 60 iCpm typing 

it Taoj/eanKtctarkoetseadbaeiespaknce 
in London 

•ft Proficient WP^Loturtiaaloncvadme 
ft En^usann and a pr^euioned approach 
Pteax telephone QI-4344S12 noto jurat 
r^f kjattnenL 

Crone Corkill 

RECRUITMENT CCTISULTANTS 


We need skilled, experienced \m 
SECRETARIES AND WP OPERATORS 

In aeWHion to a competitive starting salary of up to £9000 per annum, 
we otter varied and interesting jobs in insolvency, management 
consultancy, audit tax. business services, PR and personnel, as weilas 
the opportunity to develop your career in a successful and expanding 
city firm of Accountants and Management Consultants, a member of 
Arthur Y3ung International 

__ Our staff enjoy a subsidised staff restaurant, fife assurance, paid 
overtime and. where appropriate, flexibie working hours. 

Please contact Clare Stothorpe on 831 700 
A extension 4075tocfisctiss our needs and your 

/ \ potential, or send her your CV; Personnel 

fwy Department, Arthur Young, RoBsHouse,7 RoBs 
f u \ BiAiings, Fetter Lane, London ecaainh. 


Arthur Ybung 

Your next good idea 


INFORMATION 

ADMIN 

E&JOOO 

Acting » iofonudini 
administrator sod li- 
brarian you will provide 
organisational skute said 
secretarial support for 
tins trade assoastioa in 
SW3. Working in a 
young environment you 
wffl nave ‘A’ Level edu- 
cation and ideally a 
working knowledge of : 
one European bmguage. j 
Two yam admin sod | 
Secretarial expe rie nce 
(50 wpm ft WP advant) 
s ewential. 


JEWEL OF 

KMGHTSBKIDGE 

£18*000 

FUkOods jewels are part 
of the surr o un dings as 
secretary to the owners 
at this "Ateddsos Gave'’ 
in K ui gl i t s bridge- 80 
Shorthand, good typing, 
correspondence, telex 
and telephone work are 
part of the varied Arties. 
Some numeracy and ini- 
tiative' weald certainty 
heipL Ree kmch and Bo- 
nos as wdL Aged 25-85. 


ALL SHIP 
SHAPE 

XHL000 

Wdl we are, except our 
efient needs an Audio 
secretary with litigious 
leanings who weald like 
to become involved 
with stopping litiga- 
tion. Working for 2 
young solicitors you’ll 
have lots of invotve- 
ffltnt and wffl eqjoy 
• using « Wang WP (wffl 
x-trafn). Ideal we ndd 
20's. 


ASSISTANT 

examinations 

OFFICER 


W canwaa if" 

:s«suasAC 

Bjapjsr.Bg 


035 BoL 


PA/SEC 
£12,000 
+ BENEFITS 

Prfistroous company seeks 

toy wM .NP HO Jp 
asset Ctwman r jss high- 
flying world of gold. 

Occaratond travel 

Please pfaoae 
Helen Mills 
01-602 3012 
STAFFPlAN REC 
CONS. 



CAMERON CHOAT & PARTNERS 
PR AND MARKETING 
CONSULTANTS 

SECRETARIES 

We are rapidly expanding and need bright, efficient Secretaries to join 
our young company located In modern stylish offices near Gloucester 
Road tuba. Must be able to deal with cBents at aH levels. Fast accurate 
typing and good oiganfeattanal skSs are therefore essential. WP experi- 
ence an advantage but wifl train. 

Director's PA/Secretary £9,500 p.a. 

Account Directors’ Secretaries £8,400 p a. 

Salaries will be paid also with 2 bonuses put- + BUPA 

Write, with C.V. or telephone Jenny McGrory 
Cameron Choat & Partners 
Bury House, 126/128 Cromwell Road 
London SW7 4ET 
Tel: 01-373 4537 
No Agencies 


EXECSIIVE SEMOfl 
E11J08 + Bomb 

Brad in teautifii offices, 
equipped with the mm 
tBchtHkny you wO assist 
■ Cofwuftant d this presti- 
rioua comtany. bwdwd 
si vwndwiOB racu Bw ra- 
cnatmant. your duties wfl 
tnchjds co-ontoriing al kt- 
t arvt e w s an) meeting s 
wi th cl antr A smart ap- 
pearance and good 
Waphone maiaiar are ra- 
qured tor the m an ate e 
peopte c o ntact Good au- 
do sktes a rusty 

shofftxtf rw**L 

Cal 829 8883 

EHOOGE 

^RECRUITMENT 


MERCHANT BANK 
£10jM8k 

German bi4tngHBl see 
required for this City 
based Mnehaal Bank id 
work for the Head oT the 
European Marketing 
Operation. Tbcy arc 
le ans for a person in 
ibeir who enjoys 

a variety or duics and can 
Htilisa tbeir 00/50 (kifls to 
a maual vanoge. The 
MCpessfol atqdieaoi w9 
receive c*ccBcm perks, 
induding 21 days 
holidays. L-V. 1 * and 
mortgage subsidy . 

ctysnasoo j 

We« End 4W 7001 [ )■ 

Secretaries Plus 



Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, ample, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The Work Shop 1 . 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

■^■■■1 RocndliBenlCoumdtams mwBBl 


HIGH FLIER 
£11,000 

VBy sentor manager, recently appointed 
to inis prestigious correncxfity dealers, is 
going places and wffl be taking tos PA 
with ran. You wffl attend meetings, un- 
dertake protects and Raise with sentor 
dty oontaca. Excellent career pros- 
pects. Luxurious offices & 5 weeks 
holidays. 90/55 + wp skffls needed. 

Please cal Debbie Bark ov itch. Anna 
Friend. Judi Osborne or Eileen 
Ri c hard son. 




Bernadette 
of Bond St. 


SEC/PA . ■ 

H PERSOKMEL - S 

BITHTTMHiafr BUSBESS ■ 
SHMiWrtiteawtetefM ft 

tonrarntfetnttewari 
rtcawiiBM Wawte — « ■ 
pUSSnrahMtKUUDf m 

BmCtaikcMraii ■ 

MnabrePmoatlUd ■ 
63 SHSi MIh ■ 

(jadHWIY im » 
TttBMMBlI Z 


mmm comm 

mtBfumsr.umm 


WP OPERATOR 
SECRETARY 

Friendly, hard working 
Management Consul- 

tanev (W1) remdres FAST 
ACCURATE TYPIST to 

a our enthusiastic 
Suit 2nd jobber with 
WP experience. Salary 
according to age ana 
experience 

Teh Cathy r An son 
01-483 1387 


i BANK SEC 

| £KL2BB + PBBB 

■StWifland/wP/Minn Sam- 
Maty 25+ mured lor toafioa 
■ Dty MHrtam Bvk- To m» 
»a Director towL 
jTto woeessW spptoa «• 
'bcaqood adomsWof MHt 
;tc> to ogantea. 


Mrenmoe St EC 2 . 
ot-m situ 


AB3IA&ADVBJTBWG 

EYES & EARS 


' / /BtnuamaowxJoraniiwvrtiocandawfooriODort 



' CLIENT CONTACT? 





Msm 

^ | 



£1 

r,200 


cMtten's andaducahonal books. 

Agm 19+ SUk 100/60 

PART TIRRE? 

£ NEG 

The Chatnnan of a RtoBgraptac Saaio in ShophoRfs Bush 
needs a pan tune senior secretary. 

SUb: 100/80. 

CALL 491 8775 

Recruitment Consultants 





CfflamE HflQ 


darairG £10,000 + MORTGAGE 

This prestigious bank seeks an outgoing secretary/ 
assistant to work for their head of the Computer 
Information Centre. He is a super chap who Qkes to 
delegate and needs someone with good 
organisational aUHes and an intere st in new tech- 
nolog^r. Typing 50 wpm mHmun. WP experience. 

VARIETY li PR £8,500 

This extremely Merely PR company has a very 
young and Uwqr accounts department which needs a 
special person to tun (hair office. The right person 
wffl in time be trained in afiagwcteotpersavuL so 
Bis wffl certainly be varied. Typing 50 wpm. 


SW1 estate agents seek a young, friendly secretary 
to assist their super associate partner. Not too much 
pressure and you wffl also organise and attend cock- 
tail parties for their newly developed properties. 
Skits 100/55 and WP experience needed. 

• gtatstateptoac 01-499 8870 
46 Old Bond Street London WL1. M 
CMHUJIfflONBSECffflliUULAPPninMEBTS^^^ 


COMPUTER 

PERSON 

We are looking for a personable, pleasant, re- 
sponsible, co-operative, efficient person to fit 
into a small company team. He/she most be 
experienced in fixe basic principles of a com- 
puter system and be able to insert and extract 
information, operate a word processor and gen- 
erally back up the acrivhes of the company 
producing labels, invoices, st at e me nts etc. Ex- 
perience in Wordstar and Datasiar essential. 
He/she will also be expected to assist the In- 
formations Manager and on occassion carry out 
some research. Secretarial skills would be an 
added advantage. Salary by negotiation. Apply 
by telephone in the first instance to: 

Louise Paddngton 
World Energy Business 
01-225 0644 


MACHIN 

CONSERVATORIES 

Busy archrtect/dlrector of expanding design 
company urgently requires PA/secretary to 
work in new riverside design studio. Word 
processing essential and design knowledge 
an advantage. Experience at senior level re- 
quired. Age 25 - 35. Car driver. Salary 
negotiable. 

Hand written reply with CV. To: 

Machin Designs Ltd, 

4 Avenue Studios, 

Sydney Close 
London SW3 6HN 


Upmarket Temping 

to £11,000 

This summer; join an exclusive and 
upwardVn^ileeiiie.ThepidiOf]UXKtori^ 
prestige jobs. Rewards that pay full 
recognition to excellence. And something 
more. Longer-term career growth. Financially 
our pay structure reflects your development. 
So too our training unit, -where without 
charge or obligation you can bring you r- 
seif up to date on the laest in WP. Kid out 
mate about upmarket temping. Call today: 
01-4935787. 

gordon-Yates 





To MD Bor faring Uutor 
Deagn Co. £1UN 

01-491 8133 

SELECT 


LLOYDS 

UNDERWRITERS £11,000+ 

Large City Underwriters are looking ' 
for an exceptional PA to their Claims 
Manager and Company Adminis- 
trator. A good educational 
background, age 25-45, a strong 
personality and organising ability with 
excellent shorthand/typing skills will 
be rewarded with numerous benefits. 

PROPERTY £11,500 

Up-market Property Company / Sur- 
veyors in SW1 require PA with min 
‘A’ level English, good presentation 
and 100/60 skills. Luxurious sur- 
roundings and excellent perks. 

PUBLISHING £8,000 

Really get involved as secretary to this 
Publishing Agents based in WC2. If 
you are well educated, have skills of 
100/60, like meeting famous people, 
then this is the job for you. Hours 10-6 
and 4 weeks hols. 

Cky 3778GOO UfestEnd 4397001 I 1 


Secretaries Plus 


TheSec r etxxj ialConsuhants 


EXECUTIVE 
SECRETARY 
LEARNED SOCIETY 

Small, friendly offices near Oxford Circus. Very 
good salary, pension scheme and generous holi- 
days. Responsible, capable, well-organised 

S able to work on own initiative needed to 
a varied and sometimes demanding 
workload for several “Non-resident” directors. 
Quick, accurate shorthand and typing and 
Wordstar experience essential. 

Also required, flexible secretarial assist ant 
(aged 25 - 35) to help two senior officers and to 
handle administration for Book Gub. Good au- 
dio and typing skills plus Wordstar experience 
essential. Shorthand and experience with com- 
puters useful. Attractive saury, pension scheme 
and generous holidays. 

Apply, in both cases, fa «ntiag with fall curricu- 
lum vitae to: 

The Chairman of the Board, 
Mansfield House, 

63 New Cavendish Street, 

London W1M 7RD. 


fElizobeth Hunt 

I RESEARCH ASSISTANT 

c£ 10,000 

Are you bright and ambitious? Do you enjoy using 
the t e l e phone? Are you Interested in r o s oar c J i? Yes 
- then join this top firm of head hunters as secretary 
to the managing cSrector. You'll be taught all as- 
pects of research and have the opportunity to work 
on your own initiative. 100/60 ski&s needed. 

COSMETICS CAREER 
£9,000 

Join Otis exclusive International cosmetic house as 
secretary to their sates director. Ho rafies on his PA 
totaly and treats you as an assistant Help set up 
promotions, Raise witti dents and handte your own 
administrative projects. Benefits Indude 5 weeks 
hotidays, free products and bonus. 100/55 skffls 
needed. 

QzobefhHunlRecruibnenlGoftst^fonb. 

23 Bedford Street London VK2 0HM0 331 J 


BILINGUAL SECRETARY FOR 
LONDON REPRESENTATIVE OF 



SECRETARY 
TO CHA1RMAN/MD 

Experienced seentexy requited to become involved at 
diiKtor level and to undertake a wide range of adnunis- 
trative duties. Applicants must be aged 35 or over, vefl 
ep<Aeii.BinartlydieBaed.hiveaKooa8tandardofeduea- 
tfcm and fiat class shorthand ana typing skOte. Ability to 
Imutu f liwil . onH v nrt imW presume — —iKal Kulmy 
according to t& and experience. 

Apply in writing with full CV. to: 

Mr. J.A. Sme, Chairman ft Managing Director, 

SMEES ADVERTISING LTD., 

3-5 Duke St, London W1M 6BA. 

No Agencies. 


PA/PRIVATE SECRETARY 

(HYDE PARK SQUARE W2) 

Ta Pnshtart ef HbftMbtitta! Conpaw 
Opto £ 12 J )00 

Experience at top management level and good skffls 
are required for trite responsible post 
Fluent French is essential. German is desirable, 
as wefl a$ flexibfflty, a sense ofhunour and a 
mature attitude to work. 


Tefc 01 724 7888 


EXECUTIVE CRCME 


APPEARS EVERY THURSDA Y 
from 11th September 1986 
For further details 
TEL.: 01-481 4481 













crEme de la CREME 


THF TTMRS MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 

SUPER SECREIARIES 


Graphic Design 

£9,000 X ^ 

Dream post for a dynamic Sec/PA. working 
one-lo-one with the dunning young MD of this 
design/ marketing specialist. She is a superb 
delator. Agency meetings, travel, appointments. 

11 «*ninv im! 


responsibility and involvement while meeting high 
standards in return. Benefits include share bonus 
scheme. Good typing and sound work record 
requested. Age 22+. Please call 01-409 1232. 

Rccrulimrrn Consultant 



Blue Chip PR 

£10,000+ A 

At least 2 yis* work experience? Lots of drive and 
ambition? As Sec/RA to MD in this highly rated' 
City PR agency you can carve a career with increas- 
ingadmin and chent responsibility — but you need 
to show dedication and motivation first. Open plan, 
relaxed, friendly; hectic ‘go-for-it' environment 
Assuicd skills essential ( c80/60 ). A-lerd or Graduate 
education preferred. Please call 01-409 1232. 

!■■■■■■■ BecruKineol Consultants 


Judy Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London. W1Y9HA. 
01-4838824 

EXECUTIVE PA TO £20,000 W.l. 

A career opportunity for a motivated graduate 
or equivalent to Jcdn a young financial entre- 
preneur as his assistant and become involved 
in the expansion and growth of a new group 
of companies. Essential s kiUs and qualities 
are a sound commercial/ financial back- 
ground, good typing, ability to take 
responsibility - equally important is a confi- 
dent fivety personalty and excellent 
presentation. Age 25 - 30. max. (This cfient is 
known to us). 


JFL 



c» business - and who wal 
(Or membership records. Good 
irw essential, experience to VDU operation an 


Please apply in writing with fufl e.v. to: 

The Secretary’s Office, 
aa, 

34 - 36 Bedford Square* 
London WC1B 3ES. 


cWP 


& KENT 
TRAVEL 


This well-knoum and prestigious 
travel company requires mature 
and experienced RECEPTIONIST. 

The applicant must be fully co n ver sa nt 
with operating telex. Herald 
switchboard and fax, and be prepared to 
work in an extremely busy office and 
assist with all other normal duties 
associated with the position. 

Excellent negotiable terms and 
conditions are available. 

Please apply in writing to: 
MrsMavor, 

Abercrombie & Kent Travel, 
Skrane Square Howe, 
Holbein Place, 

London SW1N 8NS. 


RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 


MARKETING SEC 
TO £14,000 

Vw ou of the Ktrabnal mle 
mom once UmgciaJ posoon 
assstng the D»eo» of 0 b op- 
eaundng Mrtong Co. 
•tatS W: Tjpng od tons*#* 
Crtr 2Q“- at yau> me Tfea ■ a 
uMM omnuttf A yoi jk a 
Wong. pngm & CKHUe person. 
Oevaoo YOur sUh to the, angl- 
es pounial 

01-481 2345 





MODEL/ 

THEATRICAL AGENCY 

Requires smart friendly PA to work in small but hoy 
nffv*» in SW13. Ability to co-ordinate and organise 
menta l Typing 35 wpm+, wwi »™hir prefeoad. 

CaU jm 01-878 2218 10am-6pm 


CfifiounE Kino 

TEMPS! TEMPS! TEMPS! 


EARNING £11,000 pa 

encad secretary with WP skis within tha Car- 
tamporary team can axpeet to earn in sxcess 
am wMe enjoying a variety of asstonmems in 
jf London. We wo have a oraet demand for 


An experienced secretary with WP ikis within tha Car- 
oEna King tamporary team can expect to oam in excess 
of the above whde enjoying a varieiy of ass ignments in 
aB areas of London. We afro have a great demand for 
excefient shorthand, audio and copy strife. Please tele- 
phone Brenda Stewart for an immeifiste appointment. 
46 OM Bond Street W1 



personal 


domestic ft CATERINq 
SITUATIONS 



SOPER HOLIDAY 
SALE 

iittii.i5.t6fl rm gat 

17 igi021/9 Ll® UiV 

aJsJ&ZMUM £t» S.W 

Ocate vr- ** 

VbWatfMtfMMfeM* 


HARLEY AMR Medical 6ecre. 
■ary required. Nursing' 
nwrtenc, an idiMlagi. 
PDone Ol 985 6715. 


ESS3EE3 



Temporary asstanmeiits with 
famous cmjnMBs sttotag top 
r at es, n you lm goodMcnsMi 
and/or WP. 

phase Conner 


UP UP & AWAY 

Nairobi. Jo-Burg. 0*0. Ctatai. 
[smnbul Singapore. k-LDdhi. 

Bangkok. HongKoog. Sydney. 



RNCHLEY N12 

€129,500 

for QU £?J£ LC ' 

NO AGENTS 
TEL 01-445 2309 




PERSONAL ASSISTANT 
WANTED 

Principal of medium sized architects practice in 
NW3. Good shorthand, typing and book-keep- 
ing skills essential. Gar driver would be useful. 
Knowledge of telex, word processing, salaries 
and architects office experience helpful. Pre- 
ferred age bracket 25-30. Non-smoker. Salary 
negotiable but over £10,000. If you are confident 
that you can cope, ring Vicky on 01-586 9237. 


INVOLVEMENT PLUS IN W2 
£9,000 

Property Management and Estate Agency Company requite an 
articulate, well presented secretary. The position fnvotves working 
m a team atmosphere so flexibility and the ability to maintain 
efficiency whilst under presaro is required. 60 wpm accurate 
audio stalls and first dass telephone manner are pre-requisite. 

Telephone Jill Rosfaorough on 01-724 4686 


Rafter hours 

This evening we are keeping our Covent Gar- 
den office open after office hours. Come in 
and talk over your next career move without 
the worry of rushing back to work or taking 
valuable time off. Whether you are looking for 
a permanent position or would Ike to become 
paut of our exceptionally well paid temporary 
team, we'd like to meet you. Please tele- 
phone for an appointment 

Elizabeth hfont Recruitment Consultants 

^2-3 Bedford Sheet London WC2 01-240 35T1V 


For immediate secretarial 
temporary work 
telephone Liz Barratt 
now on Mg^pt? 
01-4390601. Iggffi 


COOL 

£11,000 + M/G 

A leartnq UK Merchant • 
Bank is satuig up a new 
team to market ns 
Corporate Services to the 
States and Europe. It wN be 
beaded up by one ol ther 
young rising stars: 
charming, last-mowing and- 
very successful. 

He needs a PA who can 
keep up with hm, being 
mwohied in everytnmg tram 
org a nising tw a x ta nan e 
travel and meetings to 
hading Mm clup cherts 
confidently and asaeaty. 
You wfl be educated to at 
least A' level ideally wtth a 
European language, and 
most mvonantfy posess 
that rare aMty to stay cool 
under prasswe. 

Age 24-30 Skills. StySO 
CITY OFFICE 
728 8491 1 




HAMPSTEAD ft 
H1GHGATE 


HAMpniAD brae brand new 

mabtonette. 3 beds, badirm cn 
suite, shower im. doubje 
recepUMi/ dining nn. «tudy. 
kMcnen. gueM me nn. fert 
gardcrv Freehold E247. O0Q 
Ttt 01-794.3638 alter 7 JO pm 



HAMLET STREET Young w 
gron need* secretary aged 20- 
SS to run practice. Medical 
ronvncp oentui. Salary ne- 
goaaMc. No agencies. Tel Ol- 
936 8787. 


mSPLAYMMim Op JC9K + paid 
on. W1 coraullantt. Free 
cross training ghat. Word As- 
sociates Ol 377 6*33 Agy 


MSN £12400. Rewarding - re- 
March bnoivemenL 

International Co. sun ASAP. 
WESB Rec Cons 01-629 0638 


FULHAM LWA Famous pd> 
Ustitng home needs P.A. Sec- 
retary for dunutog young 
Sales and Marketing Director. 
You should have some short- 
hand and audio and possess a 
warm yet outgoing personality. 
This is a challenging lob Invah.-- 
ing llaaon with press. nuMloiy 
and promotions. Age 204-. 
S8MOO. Bernadette or Bond SL 
tRcc Cons.) 01-629 1204. 


H imni w w anpiuff 

cClO OOO onghL young, enthu- 
slasUr person with good 
Mcret a rial pock gro u nd required 
for small rs eiiStm enl consul- 
Uncy Mealed in West End. 
Work involve chads and appli- 
cant contact as well aa 
providing a supporting secre- 
tarial rate for two 

CQnsaflams-Tet 01-039 3387 


HELP WANTED 
NOW 

01 -834 1002 

) EcdeooB Square. SW1 


SELF-CATERING 
CANARY ft MADEIRA 


«M CAHAWA Puerto Mogon 
Luxury apt on oum manna 
. complex. Tel: 0653 867581. 


JOAN TREE’S 


TUESDAY 

What are you doing alter 
wort on Tuesday? Noth- 
ing? Then why not come 
to our Govern Garden of- 
fice and while you’re hav- 
ing a glass of wine and a 
sandwich we can discus 
te mp o ra ry work and your 
career generally. We know 
it’s sometimes difficult to 
get away from work so 
we’re saying open from 
530 to 8 o’clock. We look 
forward to meeting you. ' 


MARKETING 
IN FASHION 
£9*500 

From the top of the fafeion 
tree you will be aware of 
maiMi needs and suppon 
ypnr MD »nJi your csccu- 
uuc PA experience. Get a 
clothing allowance of 
course! With shorthand and 
lypmg. 

Ring Lynn Ixif- 


_ 


tasfy i m itaBhn 

TEL: 01-4866951 


RECEPTION 
£9,000 + PERKS 

Luxurious offices, fun 
people with good perks 
for bright receptionist 
If you are profession a l, 
cfficcnl and can type. 


Caroline Waflinger 
now. 


INTERIOR 

DESIGN 

CX11.00Q 

The mdepondant owners ol 
a smai successful ranor 
design company m Belgra- 
via need a PA/Ofhce 
Manager with MdlaM. da- 
creMn and ngnfy 
d e veloped sacretan a i and 
organising sMs. 

You <w run their mews of- 
Tice, eo-oromaie tn«r 
workmg day. meet ck ent s 
and De «He to dnve ttw 
company car. 
you must care about detad 
and have lots of common 
sense 

Age- 24-30 Shits.- 90/60 
WEST END OFFICE 


MAYFAIR 
£ 12,500 p« 2 l 

The newly appointed Fi- 
nance Director of this fest- 
moving trading Co. needs a 
*5001-111210' - ambitious, 
highly numerate and able 
lo prepare financial presen- 
tations with spreadsheets 
and projections. First-class 
typing (shorthand not neo- 
cssary). Pre fe rre d age late 
ars-Jffs. 

— 01*589 8807— 

JOYCE GUINESS 


SUPER SECRETARIES 





F umofc wra trainrd roarer 
imn-unrliry wtur French of 
aolhvr loueur standard and m- 
cHMvU English uhonhand in 
both unquageu. For permanent 
post with inicenauonal firm B 
Ihr CUV MuMUngual Services 
iRrrrultmenl OonsuBaotal Ol 
S36 379d/B. 



SENIOR 

SECRETARY 

for bus) exploration 
department of small, 
friendly oil company. 
Westminster/ Victoria 
area. Secretarial skills, 
intelligence and inative. 

numeracy, exoelteoi 
English, aimabie 
personality. Telex and 
wpopenence. 30-45 
preferred. Salary c £9.000 
xox. plus LV's. 
Telephone Peter Barium 
01-222 4363. 


WANG 0.1.5. 
OPERATORS 

Oil Tradmn Company. Wi 
sdeks 3 eapabto Seoaonas 
to assist a group of Oi Trad- 
ers interesting busy work 
atmosphere Lois of telex, 
(lev hours n suit Negotiable 
salary, good promotion 
prospects. 

For Hitervww telephone 

Veronica Lapa on 
01-937 6525 


%w«nTflcom 



T mr 


SECRETARY 

Fufl-time secretary re- 
quired lor provate 
medical practice in 
Kensington and St. 
Johns wood. Duties 
include audio typing, 
reception and accounts 
(using Wang WP - 
training given if neces- 
sary). 

Tef: 01 589 2478 


TOUR 

OPERATOR 

SW7 

Do you like to work hard? 
Want to use your initia- 
tive? We need you to 
organise our hectic but 
friendly office. Intelli- 
gence needed to make 
strong coffee and secre- 
tarial skills. Would you 
like to work a computer? 

Salary £8.000 neg + good 
prospects. 

Call us: 01-370 0322 


Ot 403 7780 

TV COWPWi aiS «£8fl00 

«mra& TV ronunnvuts tmrary 
in Cot ml Gdrdm srrfcs young 
wt lo tundto osor* *nd rrturra 
ol Lnn iram rmiomcn Good 

*-nifj»r apmg f i waiHl AudU 
iKtDoniuMuwliil *,r IMS 

Tor lurowv OfUb riwr lew- 
ononr 01495 5787 Cordon 

wm comoRxnn 
COMAH < OWUMi CDPrar MU 
<r. blgiHl SM. £9.500. 
L mW WSUH Agy 4SS8022. 

aootUEzrax. szc rtq.ooo re 
out red dv « Kanry snwi 
PTarhre And « w«l known Oil 
Co 20« obis. Good trMog. 
Anwar Cmhm iSMiw Sol Lid 
Ol 730 SI48 

cotu g LJCAvnt Run s/h. 

JUOtO HP EkCMImi OTOSPKW 
Bond SUM m*. £6.000 + bo- 
nus trgml vacancy Phono 
Maurem Few « CAM Consul, 
lads Ol 4fll »u. 

PUBLIC M&ATNMt 810490 A 
u\M»r- npmwnd onw n 
vmni for me loo armor or 
too sufttwiid (ompMy. wun 
00/56 SLUR A WP call Hodgp 
Rremumml tj2S 8863. 
RUiriNMtt'fllC £9800 
Park Law* tiidr A6mcy Ln 
urmm oflKw [urlM Ivbiug 
bnd Ml ol rtwnt (wWt. 
JonnCXMllSIUMSoilU. 
Ol 730 BIW 

amiAN MHCH * fTAUMl H 

bgual vft iMwirM for 4 
numopr ol mm For 

lurtlar 4rt«d» <«u Link tan 
OUM- 4PI6 846-9743 
ITALIAN 8MJNQUAL SCC for 
w 1 C a. Exccllcm typing/ 
Jwwavr (or dutm mt oft mg 
pidm MPT ai annitk. mm 

■no- 84* 9743 Link Appp 
JtHMM SKORTHAMO PA Mr mil 
Trading Co C7JOO ExcvUmi 
-.kill- nrrard Imracd opm. 
Pnom- Adrunita- Mackutfodi a! 
CAM Omsubaimoi 491 3944 
LEGAL FUkANfi StCS 
. CIOOOC ire an ictrh and 
*«t in mnu Uu co EtM 3- 
vrt pxd Woodmnnr Rcr Com 
Cl 304 4646 

PA SECMTAPY tl 1 OOO For 
Cilv ins Co \irt urgmt pon 
Mn lor wr wtm good skills 
Phono Ol MS S6S6 CCnlrr Girt 
Lmp Agy 


01 689 8807/0010 «Rcc ran) 
AUTMOR CHKLSCA RSQ. 3vcre 
ury Base German, audio. 
£7.000 Duly 10 Box J38. 
CRY ADVUITUML Group AM 
koung 2nd wooer no l/h. 
oood lypuig will Warn WP 
9«w work ncpMvncv. BridiL 
rauiususOc organiser and com- 
mureralnr CbcM luoon. Ion of 
scope £8 000 pd * bonus. 
Joyn* Gui ness 01-589 
8807/0010 (Her const 
FT (KCErnomT 3fr45 to ran 
piement hhi manmng 
■mponani rrcrpuon o I mural 
London org- No omng or 
switch swdrmnnnLwiD 
w pn b d and expenenevd 
12.306.30* £130 L Vs 4 
weeks nol Joyce Qpnenw 01 
889 8807/0010 'Bee cons) 
vomw sCOSTAirr la or 2nd 
toboer (or busy City PR Orpc 
looking afler and coonunaung 
qnnip M busy acromus execu- 
uses. Wen educated, Bum 
90/45 will leach WP. CC8A00 
m» •bonus Joyce Gumoss Ol 
889 8807/0010 (fee COBH 


Mbher IS needed tor UBS wel] es- 
IdbUshed PR company Age 21 
2 S Speeds 00/60 Salary c. 
L9.00O Cohhoto and Data He 
mubnenl Lid. 38 feuion Place. 
London Wl. Tel: 01 493 7789 

OUDSECcCaOQO cuypranur 
seeks Iramee legal sera tor a8 
dept*. Fuu inuitng gnen id le 
gal e wp Excefleni oooortuniry 
for a ccum ie wdo mm. can 
657 5277 Mary erases a. Assoc 
1 fer Coni 

HICC RKCWWH. Wrw End of 
fire need Hecppnre u sr m 

(ypuigi. Buss Out mn nerUr and 
Congenial colleooMes C £7.600 
Aqeio40e Cos cm Carden Bu- 
reau. 110 Fkn SL CCA 363 
7<Ai 

HP XP HOH £8/100 SurccMul 
ddsentsinq wncy reoutrr a 
lively personably lo greet CU 
mb and asusl inc groducuon 
depe A9M 1825 ssiOi 50 wpn 
Q-pwg rail Hodge Recrurtmenl 
629 8BD3 

BOJNGUAL GERMAN Smior sec 
relan to head el deoarlnm 
rtxyi uramage rotuenl plus lots 
a I rtirnl Ivasod ewllenl salary 
Mirrow tmD Am iThe un 

yiagr D p n i flnWl 0l 836 1487 



' young Partner. One third secre- 
tarial dudes two thirds audn. 
Must have poise and btfttattve. 
Ideal i miHc a n l wfll be weU edu- 
cated with good speeds ifor 
miramal use) and be mM 10 lale 
20's. Can Kale 831 7372 
Ktngsland Pers Cons. 
feABKCnnC - WEST dr Doe to 
expansion, a young PosB iy 
with rusty shorthand and good, 
typing Is needed to work tor the 
Marketing Director and his 
team of this wed re ta il — hed in- 
ternational company. Age 21 • 

. 23. Salary lo £9.000. GohOoM 
and Qavts Recruitment Ud. 36 
Bnnan —a. London Wl. 
Te lephone: 01-493 7789 
JUMOR POSTAL CL ER K tar Wl 
Co. Sal £9/£>fe00a Hamad 
start. Pnone Maureen Few al 
CAM Oonsullanls 01-491 3944. 


you on our books? Coveul Car- 
den Bureau. 1 IO Flees SL SCO. 
383 7898. 

ECRCTARSS tor ArctlUectt A 
Designers, Permanent * tempo- 
rary positions. AMSA SpertalW 
Rec Cons 01 734 0632 


Young company, swi . £7.ooo 
Call Adnanne Mac kin t o sh ai 
CAM Consvdmnls 01-191 3944. 
OMXOMIWRSCAL c£9£KXL 
Join Ms very wi Hi wlilc cfsar- 
iiy aa semeary 10 a senior 
eoendlse AUend m eednga. 
handle your own prreacla and 
become involved In oil die 
Chanty'S acdvltire. 100/80 
skills needed, me me te l eph o ne 
Ol 240 3511/3831 »W«I End) 
re Ol 240 3861 iCuy). euza- 

Bern Huai RerruUmeru 



when you work for ms usely 
; wci crerediancy. weaay youH 
tx> aged 21 plus wno a solid 
conwnerrbd background. A bl- 
ue ward proeo w ng. a good 
sense of humour and me am wy 
to work at pari of a team.' Loo 
of p eo p le - cdoon. Salary 
C8-SOO lo stark witn an exert- 
lenl review after 3 months. 
Please contact Sue Venables. 
Fleet Pen. Rec cons 404 4933. 
SOHO* PARTNER OB' Mer- 
chant Banking Group toon lor 
a well educated limn 2 ‘A* let- 
etsi PA mM-laif 20”s who 
enloys looking after People. 
Musi he swell presen lad Good 
s/h typing reasonably nunser- 
nr 1 loi wp ccnsKraming) 
Room 31 me wp atmosphere 
Exrrtlrnl opos £1 OjO 0O Ilex. 
Mortgage 3 superb package 
TAKYt We are rturemyty Ja w e Cnmess 01-389 
recruung tor * snr bUngoai 8807/0010 <fec rorai 
socreurtestorasanny of post- WELL CdOGATCD CQII.rsr 
boos in and around London. LEAVER C7MQ. Tg Mn tom 
Good secretarial aod L an g uage ous name cnardy. Tins position 
SMBS essential. Salary C7 rs ideal lor a brlgta -a • lesel or 
10.000 MCTTOW ElW Agy l i ne graduate secretary aa you wUI 
Language Speaanstu 636 be iniorsed m a great deal of 
administration within tnetr 
markrtkag depanmeiiL 90/50 
skins needed. Please letep h one 
01 240 3611/3631 'We* Eadl 
re 01-240 3861 iCliy v. CHza 
Orth Hum RecniHmeM 

OputuRaiib. 

BOOK PUBUOTV to E7O00 + 
orarflis. This leading publish, 
mg house Is seeking 4 young pa 
to become Involved In an exell 
mg piMkmp function Wnn km 
Tills small and exclusive shop d contact with weO-iutgwn au- 
needs a wen dressed and wen than, you wrn carry out a PR 
spoken asssiant u> heu wlm aU onerualed rok> which wiD give 

aspects of Ihe btamess inetodhig you me exp. Typing at 60 wpm 

some Saiu may mornings. Stow reg'd. Sh an assrt synergy, up 

isoing. Age 20*. Salary c. mrultinrai consultancy. 01 
C7.0QQ Cabbold and Davis Re- 657 9633 
cnolRirnl Ud. 36 BTidOn Ptoce^ HEMSMRTOM PURUSfUMC 10 
London Wl Tel: 01-403 7789 C6.S00. Why commute wtpn 

ORE TO ONE rfl 0,400- Based in you ran work lacaDy for bus 

ihr CH> mn well established leading puManmg noire* as sec 

Int Bank seek a Senior PA un- refarv to llwtr markcUng 

oer 36vrarsoH ioaisi oneof ouerior Lois of aonun. so 

ihrtr Oncwn. Your exert sec- wpm tv Bing and nmy short 

warm subs wiu help you hand needed .Pteuse t el ephone 

anam ad me usual bank bene- Ot 240 5Si 1/3531 (Wesi End) 

(n For more informs non un re 01 240 2651 'Cityi Dtn 

ina pmiitaous post, cau Marc bnn Hum Recrultmem 

on 408-1616 Markrtfrete 1 Agy) Conaultanl*. 


work tor 2. 3 re 4 days per 
week. Contort Cos cm Cameo 
Bureau, lioneef SLEC4.363 
7696. 


GENERAL 

APPOINTMENTS 


ALGARVE. Lovely villas with 
0001 to Sept A Oct. Prices from 
£326 pw Resort vmas061 853 
9094 ABTA ATQL 
ALGARVE. Villas with pools. 
■Most Scpl/Oct dales. The VUa 
Agency Ol 824 8474. 
ALGARVE AUDPHTIVL. The 
imesi bouses for renal. 73 Si 
Jame s SL SWI. Ol 491 0B02. 
ALGARVE. Lux vWas/apfe with 
pools Sepi/oct thru winter. Ol 
409 2838. VUte World. 


SKI WEST bumper bractwre ore 
now packed wnh aO Ihe lop re- 
sorts. Sunday Rights I beat toe 
tramcr*. and a m a a m gty low 

pnres starting at CS9. Ring (Ol) 
788 9999 for Stour Copy. 
A8TA69286 ATCXJ383. 

SKIWORLO Top SW Resorts. 
Lowest Prices from Cft9. 
ABTA. SroctnaoiOl 6024826. 


86/97 B80CHURES KOW OUn 
47 Resorts In Switzerland. 
Austria, France & Italy. 

The Biggest Choice On SUa! 
Ex Gbwk*. Luton. uxsEtastBr. 
SHgoRC&Misgb 

017852200 

Maach. Oops. 0422 78121 
ABTA 15723 AT0L1232 


■"ton** IN C. 1986. While. 
3.000 miles. EOT. E/w^hWeJ 
wreher wipes. ETC 7~ mtoys * 
towered fox 
£14.950. Tel: 0579 20632 


ROLLS BOYCE ft 
BENTLEY WANTED 


ICK ROSE UNID are wish- 
ing 10 purchase one or two tow 
mileage Rolls Royce Shadow 
rs- Distance no oWecL 
Teh Ol 647 4473. 


DOMESTIC ft CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


wmMMM 


Required for 
Directors’ dinning 
room in the City. 
5 day week. 


Reply to BOX J33. 


MURR EL L* -experienced couple 
required 10 work as oook/buOer 
in luxiay vtiu. Own accommo- 
dation & excellent terms. Nan 
smokers. Highest red restored. 
Reply to BOX D34 The Times. 


tJtoJS pur oat offered to ma- 
ture Norland or Pi Ua. ua , 
Christian InsUhde trained nan- 
ny. October Papuan Mr remote 
beachstde estate northern 
Greece. Full c ha rge, caceiteal 
coodittoM induoing tour weeks 
annual leave with pay. Fre- 
quent travel as roomer Is 
tmcmauonai singer. We also 
have n um ero u s eUnflalr paal- 
uore throughout the world Hr 
lop calibre- applicants. OdMafl 
Myra al Use Anglo OonUnesual 
Agency on Ol 730 8122 124 
hours). 


D 


THE TIMES 

CLASSIFIED 

— -MONDAY— 

Edhcatioft: Ummaity Appointments, Prep & 
Pobfic Sdbool Appo i nt m ents, Educational 
Comses, Sdwlaranps and FeQowshqis. 

La Creme de la Cmne and other secretarial, 
appointments. 

—TUESDAY 1 

Computer Hori zo n s; Computer Appoint- 
ments with editorial. 

Legal Appointments: SoGritcns, Com- 
meraal Lawyeis, Legal Qfficeis, Private & 

PuBfic_ Practice 

Legal La Crane far top l^al secretaries. 
PoMc Sector Appointments. 


i: 


Xj Crane de la Crane and other secretarial 
ap p oinli nents. 

Property; Re sidentia l, .Town & Country, 
Overseas, Rentals, with editorial. 

Antiques and Collectables. 

— =THURSDAY== 

G eneral A ppointments; Management and 

Executive a nn nintiwiite mWi e^tncoi 


J ».» I II H I : ^ 1 1 k-l 


UX HOLIDAYS 


MUL FREE HOUSE m Wewew 
seeks mature roamed couple to 
help run me esUBMunan. 

Must #e experienced m all w- 
perts of me d eemed trade and 
non smokers. ExceUam Unog I m~ .~— — 
accorntnoSaiMn » I afl food. I 

C80PW Trt: 09, 2748103. 

we. Reply 10 BOX J3« 



jumqoc shop c u nts * 

SpecuiMM m One Eng asa l ur- 
nKurr reouires male ii inflliit 
A good driver essential. Excel 
lenl ogportuaKy and mepects 
01 573 3040/01 573 3636. 


TEMPORARY JOBS available to 
Fork's Famous Books h op 10 
people wan • few mouths to 

spare, interesting work with a 
maim- to bay your noo ks *od 
records ol I gfpereas dGcaunt- 
Appty in writing 10 Fayles. 1 19. 
Charms C rare BL- London 
WC2H OER. 


SALES ft MARKETING 


YOUR YOKE court be your for 
une. Sen advertramg by 
U-iepnone In eaUMHhed Mtiop 
ol dueUur pnoUcadom 
Famines de pend on efforts 
Based m our London office. Iin 
mediate start. <2U Mike 
Turnbull on 0!-43« 7211 


CORNWALL ft DEVON 


ESTUARY. Pretty waterside col- 
lage StoS 44 from £90p.w. 
Tel. 0732 881670. 


HO A BREAKFAST. Cheap 
rate*. The OiNfM hotel. NIO. 
Te le phone: Ol 885 4384. 


PROMOTION, 

PUBUCnYft 


franchises etc, with editfirinl 
Restaurant GoMe. 

= SATURDAY 


Hotels, Flights etc. 


C8 




Do you wan to gel yore 
name 

on your customers dak 


Tdepbooe (Daytime) 


i__r s e ^!P ar '^ I Ces ^^faa, Am eatorDjBegscadRTI 

























































































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St 


THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


SPORT 


25 


AH duriierf tdrantenw* 
® * * cc cpted by tdepbone 

Announowiewir^B 

is kOOpm 2 din 

Ea£R£r£s 

ff _T tt g lo i | <*“« bti 

?££“*•>“* conua our 
DEpmneni 
By iCKpooqe on 01-481 4100. 


ANNOUNCEMENTS 


rwwhrs of REEnuLD 

a, i 2SIS n t>g f l . <* 

Sgg 1 "*;. Alfred ivewtonj 
W fW ap proMimairty 1882. who 

BTSS « ANNIE LETTflA 

j^H9L « Bf opm oim. Farm. 

b»>rtf»rta. on a Sewcirv 

DfT 1909 lit Ihf TVjIrirt llfilli r 

Onirr. Crrlnwi. BKrtow7*wMlf 
lywdim ai66 Brorro Bank. SDH- 

IB™- PfMU> canUft M 

r O* eS" Tn,H UWMl 

-.Q- 61 058. Minnautown 

2SOT. ftapubte of South Africa. 

LWJtl Romnary fTnprr oKlna 

fun drtaiK oTr^Wiiff. ^ 

MMTrWTHOIIT TV1 TV I*. 

WWfllPf WOt^d Hlw lo fai»« la 

■pMStaaVUrLw 

who nnr nmrr wairftM or 
Tv Phone Om iRr- 
'«™' rnanwH On 01-576-1920 


me . rir 

* 7T» Boom Of .fMWOHMTbr 
gM««n InnlUHe for Qwtr 
Rewarrti. Glasgow. announce 
'hJLWnfn'menl of Dr John 
*nj w, v Wyfcr lo succeed Dr 
JhhnPau, 1 m DUeclot of The 
Srabon Imilluta for Qunr 
Hraearrti rrom m October. 
HAil lY CnctET UU. bi aM of 
rirk miktren. bi Uie gwelow 
Drmjnre of HRH The Docheot 
of OHmk ester We ask for your 
Mipoort at i hr Cran-enor 
House. Sw nrnmer tout. T.3o 
■« ,?« am. Ticket*. «51 
6178/459 3109. 
rMOftn a wonnwtme career 
for your wp/aiughln? A few 
(Kate* remain for STEC H.N.D 
Home Ernnontln al Crmaoa 
Cou epe P hone Carol Green oi- 
o86s70o ceeatneitln today's 
Educational Courses Guide. 
EARLY CANCER DETECTION is 
Jilol 10 **Mng lives. Support. 
Jhiml lor a Test for Cancer. 
Woodbury. Harlow Road. 
Ruydon. Essex. 1027979-8353). 
PLEASE HELP a» JBQOMS of 
ihf> rspca by phomooyoor do- 
nuton utrauBh on 040341 1X5. 


birthdays 


A BOrrHCMY HWOtKACE For 

you The story of my Me tx-oan 
pfi ana ended when you 
im L mil days lock again i wdl 
love you kh»oer than forever. 
WOOD Alfred a Director Area 
ftiimaiwn. English Heritage. 
60 on 8Ui September 


SERVICES 


CAPITAL CVs prenore high Quali- 
fy curriculum vliaes. 01-007 
7006 

CALIBRE CVS Lid professional 
rummitini iiue document. 
DetaiK 01-651 3388. 

ASCOT BOX lo Irl. Reply BOX 020 

HEART ta HEART. Todays way 

of meeting Confidential hilrs- 

durllom IlkroiNlioul UK for 

Fnendsiupand Marriage. Heart 

to Heart. 32 London Rd. Twick- 
enham- Middx 01-892 2051. 
HAIH PErfl. Toupees and 
wigs Hand-made of Haul hu- 

man hair La lest Kyle*, after 
sales unite Martin Bond 01 

992 9091 

FRIENDSHIP, Lone or Marriage. 

All ages, areas Dateline. Dept 

•Olhi 25 Abingdon Road. Lon- 

• don WB Tel: 01-938 1011 
BREAKAWAY. London'* chib for 

PTOl<-<slonal unaltaiched people 

23-43.0* cf 200 events month- 

ly 24 hr uifo tape. 997 799 a. 


LEGAL SERVICES 


US VISA MATTERS G S Gudcon 
LsJ lawyer 1 ? Buisfrude Sl 
L ondon W1 01 486 0813. 


WANTED 


proteuuonai gut would like to 

care for fui or house in central 

London In owners absence. Tec 

353-4792 *26 IV 0-50 to UQl 

WANTED All Antique and oldnti 
lur rail ure Tables. chairs, book- 
eases. desks, rabuieu. Igr 
mirrors, china, siher A dorks. 
Compute con ten I* Of houses 
tMMignl or cleared. Ol 228 
2710/01 586 01*8 anytime. 


ANTIQUES* 
COLLECT/ 


fABLES 


ROYAL DOULTON Toby Jug*. 
FiguTWS. animals, rtf . want- 
ed Ol 883 0024. 


FOR SALE 


MARKSON’S piano 
SALE IS NOT ON! 

wnh nr lees cheaper man oth- 
er sale pore* who need* a sale 
1 vOOh of Cpnghi * Grand* 
for safe/hirp with option lo 
purchase plan from L16pm- 

MARKSON PIANOS 

Albany Sl- NW 1 
0J-R35 868? 
Artillery PL SC »8. 

01 -854 4517 


ANTIQUE OAK DWBig /snooker 
rabieo'' 3- C90O ono Tel: Ol 
530-5585 Evenings 

BMOHTS 09 HCTTLEB2D £2 

milUmi sloek* of 17lh and I 8 H 1 

renlwv rrpnea lunnnw „by 

some of England's finest crafts- 

men Nrtiiebed. near Henley on 
Thames >04911 6411IS. 

SEATFMOCRS Bed INMtf, & 

ail sold -out event* Our ettenis 

include mom inawr cwnpoiucs 

Crcdii cant* arrepfed 01 - 8 Z 8 

1678 

TICKETS FOR ANY evewt; <55^ 
StariMil Exp. Ch w L Lr* «*»■ 
All theatre andW™ 

Tel 821 6616/828-0496- 
A.Gt / visa / Diners. 

1 M H BW LaleK hi-iech Jdom/ 

PRICES Ol 278 6127 
ROLLS ROTCE TBCT MOOCL on 
kev-ring Lki prtcr 
cent CBOO 37 gramme*. 01 236 
^47 

THE IDEAL faiTTNaroea 
0 loved one For a Birthday- 
mromung or any Wf»l «<»■ 
non Dial 01 *82 0919 

CATS, CRESS. *-« ^ JIT 

ain* and sport TW ■ 439 1763- 
au mafor *redii cd* 

YORK FLACSTOMB W * 

dnv ewavsjLkiiitfflJlm' 

061 223 0881/061 231 6786. 


RESISTA 
CARPETS 
SALE NOW ON 

WMl IM BWestremQ^ 

sq yd + VAT- 80% woJ Mean 

KtoWrttanEiMSgrayd 

+ VAT Coftoottfl ties Ea75 per 
sa yd + VAT & maey «wr gnai 
nanons. 

207 HweisMk M8, 
Hflra»tle3d SW8 

Tel: 01-794 0130 
Fret uORiiwapert flfie- 



Cancer 


Together wc can bea* it 

\Si‘ fund (w« oiw third of 
ill fvscarvh inio the piweti- 
nun and cure of cancer ill 
1 hr UK . 

Help us by sendinga doftt- 
urin or make a [cgacy ur 

Cancer 
Research 
Campaign 

itailuifiH'HiM'Trrfair. 

(De|KlT ifji | miHim SWIY SAKJ 



PERSONAL COLUMNS 


ALSO ON PAGE 24 


MUSICAL 

INSTRUMENTS 


TW PtAMO WORKSHOP FRBC 

f»Ydu over 1 Am- >APR 0*»k 
Low imereti rates ovef 3 year* 
•APR 9-S^il & 3 year* I APR 
I23*.i written quotation* 
available Free Catalogue. 30a 
Hlpngue Rond. NWS. 01-267 
7671 

2 SCAUTIFUL Bermtem Grands. 

hihDriaiis I nM rumen la, good 

nnte for quirk sale 686.4981. 


ANIMALS & BIRDS 


POMRR rames. Pedigree. 

Kennel Chib regnlered KUrr. 

inonSMed id weeks oM. can 
denser London. 026577*06. 


CLUBS 


London School of 

Bridge and CUB. 58 Kings Rd. 
SW3. 01-689 7201 


FOR HIM 


JOHN BROCMLEHURST (he 

coum rymans outrider an- 
nounce*- I he pubucatlon Of ms 
catalogue of cowtiry clouting 

free on reouest Irotn Bridge 

SinrfL BBkewefL Derbysinret 

or let Bakewerl 1062481) 2089. 


HOME & GARDEN 


WIHCOITUIVIMMnlpm. 
iy Re-locale your site as home, 
restaurant, ek- OSS 2516 


SIORT UTS 


In 

Kensington. Ool T w. 24 m- &w. 
Telex. Coiungnaai Apartments. 
Ol 373 6306. 

curt SKA MAtSONRTC: 2 dbl 

beds, sii rm. Kto. TV. hoi or 
Co M. C360 pw 01-351 4813 
LUXURY SERVICED FLATS* 
central London (ram C32 B pw. 
Ring Town Hse Apts 373 5*33. 
Wl* hum home avail Sept l&- 
Der 30. sn» 3. gdn. caL oatCH. 
Cl 60 pw excl. 01603 0*1 a 


FLATSHARE 


NW1D GH1- Very targe own dou- 
ble room u itaL TV. £*2pw: 
also small room £25 pw.OI 961 
7879 


CLAFflAM SW11. Braxash Rd. 

Prof person. 25*. to share bi 

lawyer's elegant name with 

small gdn. Nr TUbr. AO mod 

cons. Cleaning lady- Rent £270 
pern, bid of all MHs. Phone Mi- 
chael Breeze. Ol 236 1826. 
day* or Ol 228 6702. eves. 
MATURE YOUM8 Pro f ess i onal 

woman irony 3Qs» requires flat 

Share- situation with one other. 

or wui -house MT bi or near 

London. Completely trustwor- 

thy refs avalL Pfraoe Tel Sarah 
Ol 385 6308 (After 6pm). 
tMJNSTOM ML Prof Female to 
share house. 5 mins Angel 

Tube, own room. CM. shared 

use of larilllics. £146 end. pent 

Tel: Ol 369-8852 after 630pm. 

KINGS RD > MILE. Battersea 

maisonette tge bedim: As stngw 

£08pw or as twin £30pp pw 

MCCL ion 730 5508 or 228 

2565 

SG24 Prof M/F O/r. In spanatn 

CH flat Share bain and Idlchen. 

Easy across W/End and City. 

JCOOpw exd. 01 629 *68&rxl 

42 idatw. oi 733 i**5 tries). 

WEST KEHSMCTON: male/ fe- 

male professional, own room, 
newly convened flaL all mod 

cons. CSOpw. Tel 01-602 0280 

after 6-00 pju 

YOUR OWN Bathroom /study A 

bedroom In new luxury pent- 

house 2 Min* Finchley Rd 
SUHOPNv/6- EBP pw. Prof per- 

son. Non snikr Tel. 722 1768 

ARON'S er WML Own rm for 

prof n/s in Irtendty spac newly 

mod fiac 2 mins lube, shop* 

£40 pw. 381 8*63 After 6 pm 

BAYTERSEAi ige awe rm. luma: 

suit ; 


vlralr. All mod runs, pufogron. 

E66 pw ra Tel 01 228 8737 

LAFHAM SWAL Own room bi 

faimiy house. £35 .p.wtnr 
breakfast. Sufi female student. 
Tel: 01 622 *078. 

CLAPKAMfc 2 rooms In tux house. 

au mod con* garden, dose 

tube. £65 pw each oscL Tel 

'104551830316 

CROUCH END Yoora prof F to 

shr in l/fum hse In mre *ur- 

raundUigs. O/R - ail farils. £160 

per* Cxrf -Ol 3*8 *897 eve* 

FLATMATES Selective Snaring. 

Well esUb Introductory service. 

Ptoe Id for appb 01-589 5*91. 
513 Brampton Rond. SW3 
BRADUATE SEEKS Flat Share. 
Prolessional. 2*. N/S. Red* 

O/Rm In NW/W London TH 

Mark. 01 286 5682 aft 7pm. 
fSUNOTON comfortable room, 
week day let. £40 p.w axcL 

phone. Mdtt Prof mature per- 

son Tel: Ol 226 4233 eves. 
SW1 LMM. space and grandeur. 

A ceu/iy magniflcenf naahare. 

Clio per week ircfintve. TeU 

Ol 589 0910 

BWB. M/F. O/R. Kraut Lax 

Fums Flat Patio /Cdn.X7S pw 

Excl. Tel: 01-731-7766 10) Ol- 

736*567 Ihl 

VtCTORtA SBfl: Prof person, 
o/r. lux na. QJ »» ta* 5 * 2 - 

TeTOt -730-6*90 or 01-630- 

9028 after *OOpm. 

WANTED Prof F seeks Hat shre 

West London O/R lo £200 

pent. Will also Itat su. Min 1 yr. 

TrtXJl 388*309 after *30 pn. 

BATTERSEA. 2nd Prof F 23+. 

n/s. o/r. In luxury CH IM. £60 
pw inc 01-225 6071 ie> 
CHELSEA HOUSE BOAT: SmaB 
cabin for young prof f renata . 
£120 pem excl. Tel 1362-2665. 
CUSPHAM /BATTERSEA: aw 
person share flat- CH. o/r. Prof 
mb'. £53 pw TFL-Ol -228*031 
FULHAM: 2nd person M or F lo 
share auracthe flat, own room 
CH. C45pwexel. Tel: 7366392 
FULHAM. Sirota reran w«h Nnk. 
C*7pw f nr M/is. Femata f8-2«. 
Tel: 01 736 1117 
FULHAM Prof F. 23* Sha re eta- 
ganl house with same- £75 p.w. 
exrhis. Ol 731 2941 ialMr8nm> 
HAMPSTEAD ibe-a nary 2 P shr 
ultra luxtwy iw 9iS , «5 4 °' 
60ow Tel-01 794 4362 eves. 
HENMMGTON TUBE. F/M 2CTS. 
O/R in tav eiy tk^ojf ^Whouse. 
£*2nw I ncl 01 701 0426 eves 
SWt Room In PClvale houi^Prof 
f mod lo Fri nref mng after 7 
pm. Tel. 01 750 1551 
StIH .M/F. N/s. to CW 

fOMHIta flat O/rm. £65ow. Ol 
B2B 2517 alter 6um. 

TOODNC. Lge room to#rra t*t. 
N/*- IO Min* lube CH £4* pw 
met. 767 *676 Bel ore 1 1 am. 
Wl Lge rm In lux mats. lYuf Man 
over 36 pref UX pylncLLSiiS 
let Ref*. Tel: 01-936 6224 
W14 2 rooms. MB 6 MO o-w- 
each exclu* For 4 month* tat 
only 28* 603 4418 HOam-8) 
NTS Prof M/f. n/* 25*. wuaU 
own room. £40 exclu* Tw. 01 
oce 6863 aiier 4 p.m. 
WJIABKTEAO. JUbltae Ltae. 
Prol girl 28+Uvarr warm Cheer - 
ful hS- O/r £48X56 4141. 

Whtll *i Tv. prof m/f. Lge 

house, o/r. CH. 6ijW VSS/ 
BR Cl 57 P<i«. Tel 1879-1223. 


MUSICAL 

instruments 


PIANOS 

wrjsszssszw 


mNURgnu/RKMUEnM* 

^HUUtmWUM 


lira i im rrr unB Qm.wt 

.01-491Z777 — ^ — 


RENTALS 



SrpEJS!.«S«.»»: 

ess&sm 

cfwn). recap. M- w 

£400 pw- 

0^.724 3100 


RENTALS 


HARLEY STREET Furnfahed 1 
bed fiat very Urge receptiefi 
room. UKbCA/iuung room. 
bafh/WC. CHW and CH. £7500 
im. MM 1 year. Refer races re- 
murm su it prof rough-. TM. D1 
955 0220 weekdays between 

1030 and 430. 


KEHSMCTON COURT MEWS, 
WB QWM I MIMUHU 
very erutal A private mew*, spa. 
nous ftccrp, Furnfahed in 
beautiful anuouet Cauery bed 
wflh balh en-suue. FF Kit. On 
M. Avail 9 months. filBOpw. 
Around Tcran 01 229 9966. 


KHOnrSMODBE Prestige Oil 81 
Gdn Souarr Master MU - cn 
Mine onih/iaaGzi. 2nd dMc * 
■UDiroom- rerep. study. Ger- 
man Kit an machines, res 
pnrfer. alarm, keys in odnstup- 
pUrL CO long tat sxco pw 
Goddard 6 South 01-930 7321 


SWISS CUTTAOCNWX Easy ac- 
erw lowest eng an« Cuy.ctase 
to shorn, interesung sain level 
finished rial. Bedroom, thing 
room, dining hUL rh. gat. etee- 
tnrny. colour a. an tnauded at 
£12S pw. Ol 431 3121 CTl 


HYDE PARK ■ Att u n i ng value! 

Superbly refurtushed 3 bed OM 

la mod block w|lh un a porter. 

Lge bngM roevp wkh tor 

olkng Park. 2¥r baths * lux Ml. 

Only £576 pw. 936 9612 ID. 


Belgravia luxury flats a home* 
reainrvd for American Compa- 
nies hum CZXM2POOPW. 
Butgrss Estate Agents 581- 


and central flaL reception, boo- 

me bedroom. K * B. ch. 2 mins 

Hyde Para and tube. £120 pw. 

Tel ot-soa 1901 or 01-359 

2042 mni 


IME LOMU/ SHORT LET Special- 

ists. We have a large srteeuon of 
luxury 1234 bed ro om flats 

wnh mata service. Interior de- 

signed and cetwralty located. 
Angela WHBaros 01 256 3659. 


newly ref urushed. 2 bedrooms. 

targe lounge wtth Mezzanine up 

lo targe Mfi area. New kbenerv. 

JaccibI bathroom. Very open A 

HgtiL £250 pw. 724 1263 


W4 Nr Common 
Spacious Fum. Masoned*. 2 
bed* IdRhen. 2 receiw. study, 
paito garden, bum Prof couple. 
£50 0 pent. TW: Ol 583 0186. 


BELM2E PABK o/r tux flat, 
share tdi/balh. £50 pw ind ch 
chw lef 01 722 2076 eves. 
CHELSEA immar lux balcony 
flaL light recent dMe bedJin. 
porter. Long ML 01-622 5826. 
CHELSEA SWML Recently dec. 
ptad-a-terre. OM. Bud single 
prof CSSow. X >1 352 8806 
CHELSEA Pretty Qrd nr rum fUL 
dbl Dcdrm. rec. kAb. sunny 
paved gdn. riSSpw 352 2775 
IOCKLAHDS Fiat* ml houses lo 
Id Ihroognoul Uw Docklands 
area. TdXtl-488 4862 
NKIBLE ROOM! In shared 
Strralham house. c*a pw tncL 
Renal Guide 01486 7676 
FAMILY SIZE 3 bed N london 
house, handy tube. £138 pw 
Express Rentals 883 54S7 
HARLEY ST, Wl. Interior dee 2 
bedrm. 2 bath flat. Lux ML 
£260 pw 486 4736 Regency 
HMUMATE VBAACE lovely 2 
bed flaL Quiet road. GCH. £160 
p.w. Tel:North wood f 65) 21 1 96 
LARBC DBLC bdrm sludto fUL C. 
Heating, handy lube. £68 pw 
Express Rentals 883 5457 
MAMA VALE Spacious 1 bedrm 
flaL octf. Lounge. Ki I /Dining, 
bath £600 pan 01-2860021 
NORTH LONDON BEDSIT own 
I ridge /cooker, parking. £36 pw 
Express Rental* 885 5467 
SOUTH LONDON 4 bed house, 
angles or family £130 pw. 
Rents* Guide 01-686 7576 
SNI7 2 bed 2nd fb- him flaL No 
•gems, cuts p.w. Tefcday 935 
2361 ext 124/ «vc» 573 7486 
SWF fro. 1 Md-amrtmenL brand 
new. inunac order. £130 pw 
Finch'S 736 5506 
WE LET FLATS AND HOUSES. 
Contact Richard or Mick. Davis 
Woolle A Oo 402 7381. 
Lemnos NEOOT1ATOR. See 
Oeneral appointments. 

Z ROHM C/H flaL parking. 
HkH/pet* wricomr. £9S pw De- 
press RenOH 883 5467 


KNIGHTSBRIDGE 

Charming & 
secluded luxury 
Mews House. 2 
Beds. Rec. Gge. 
£400pw. Berlingwise 
Lid. 01-788 0823. 



CtEYHE-WAU. SW 
A mgnictM 8 rwmm M floor 
H ib m acuti IdcBb. Rnmtiy 
nfenor dramed Bdanoig ns. 
Mgg room* 8 Mi coingL «ns 
Of the Rmi. E ibfl. Recap Rra. 
Dmg Rm. Fidy fitted 102 OMe 

B«to. Stfe to. 2 Baths. Jmuzl 

EBGOpw. 

HBMA GMOCKL M 
□BnnvgRdHinBorU. IdeWy 
tocHM monuosi hum Kcnaegtan 
Hah SML hop campases 
Em RsagRai.mil Bad. 8*BL 
Pan. fi50p». 




ST JOHNS WOOD, 

HWB 

Sfemeg BE oderad in OpeixBR 
dKOGDK DM». 3 hBWB. 2 mow. 
2 UK Sv*Z DwBWWm m 
Bt Sm LHf la ODD pm 

PALACE 
PROPERTIES 
01-486 8926 


nnd & 

XWBT-. 

UNM- 

W- 1 

wra 


Stunning intgrior designed _ 

decoratod 8ai In new axwer- 

tioo aituMtaa in quiet aima- 

2 Bads. 2 Baths. * 

■ E32SPW.Q1-22S 


r Anicombe 

' j , l &Rjngkmd 

Residential Lettings 


BIG BANG 

Renting Suitable 
City. 

Call 

01-458 3680 
Anytime (T)- 


WANTED 

High Quality flats 
& houses for 
Companies. 

01-456 3680 

Anytime (T) 


RENTALS 


MNBV A JAMES Contact tit now 
on 01 2568861 (Or the Pest se- 
lection M lumahed natt and 
house* io mu m KiugMsbrWgc. 
Cnetaca and KenSiMton IT} 


KEU1BI6TOH. Fofly f itanba ea 
new igwiuranr. * brdnnak 2 
baUirrm. mwiu gge. roof gdn. 
CSOOpw. GoM or wwii* 
nor*. 6 mtiOts mm. B76 8616. 


| j Lujntfy 2/3 

beds. - house/ Oat. SO - in tag 
room o' looking water. Nr tube. 
£150 prr week incl u sive. Co. 
or prtvgta taL TetOI 2660427 


BARNES SW13L CTO fir runy 
turn, l dbta Mn. CM. s/c flaL 
Close HM Pnt mm Uh tube 6 bw- 
n. C396pM exclOl 741 6017 


... . Lux one bed 

mab. Fully rum. CH. Co WL 
£128 pw me. Browed Taylor 4 
Go. Tel: 01-942 8275. 


Quality . .. 

at adabta and- req ui red bi prime 
rrokfeoUal arm Tcfc 01-370 

6781. 


WS. Excenent 

value. \s * 3 bedrm luxury 
flat*. Avau for Immediate rent- 
al. Can Now ■ Realty 581 0012 


MADtHFICEHT 1 12 bed rm flat in 
vu9. SO n rereg. HMi cctifaigs. 
Kit ah roach. Gdn. £200 pw 3 
mnlltt +.Tet 01-226 0944 CTL 


FDBUCO SWt. BrauHftd lUb 
mod. I bed flat wHb udiXH 
paUo. Cl4Spw. Day Ol 236 
2182. EXUO. Eve* 821 9104. 


FtfTNEY. Lovely s/c fum flaL 2 
dbta bed*. Inge k A b. rh. Gdn* 
£160 pw. CO let. Abo in SW5 
£180 pw 720 5212 WarsnarV 


flat*, shorl/long taL TV. TeL Ol 
221 30*7. 


i Superb hottce 
nuer road, dose to i 
£1JSOO pom. Tel : 01 947 1566 


, I bed. L K A 

B. £110 pw. CD trL 01-362 
8895 ID. 


From «nd-SepL 

own room lor single person, 
own entrance- own bat hr oom, 
own telephone, own mini kll Ch- 

en for bgbi use. £280 pem 
incinshe except tele p hone, ref- 

erences reqtore d . ring Ol 228 
5460 during office hours. 
QUEENS DATE SMT7. Brand new 
ronvertton. Large recepHon. 

two doubta bedrooms, two bath- 

rooms- Unlirdthfd excel* for 
carpet* and cixtata*. 
Oompany/rmbawy M only. 
£290 pw. Mr James: 01 588 
1049 (day). 

AMERICAN EXECUTIVE Seeks 

lux flat/house: up to £ 800 pw. 

Usual tec* rea. PtUMp* Kay A 

Lewis, soudi of (hr Park. Chef- 

*ra office. 01-362 8111 or 

North of the Park. Regent* 

Park office. 01-686 9882. 
AVARJIDLE BBMi III* II I I For 

2-3 months Luxury furnished 

house off Montague Sauare. 

wi . 3 Sera. 2 Rerep*, kh 4> 2 

Baths. Gas CH 5 CHW. All ame- 

nities. £560pw. Tcfc 01-529 
6102 IT). 

FMCHLEY ROAD- immaculate 

newly dec A furn 3rd floor dal 

with 3 good sl re bedrm*. BUin- 

itmff through ne/dtakng rm. IT 

mi wim uUHty cm. bathrm. gdn. 

parking. CO/Emb let £ 230 pw. 

244 7353 

NEBOTIATOR - Dynamic, hard- 

working. 26/35 - to Mn our 
successful rental team In' Ken- 

sington. Experience mi e f a re d 
but not essentttL Mini be car 

owner. QuraMil Oons to ndne 

01-244 7363 

PUTNEY SWU. Fabulous 3 
bedrm maisonette with fully cu- 

led Ml leading to veranda. Snac. 

rerep wh h o riptaal fireplace. 

■ran. 2 wo* gdn. dbie uaacd. 

CO ML £200 pw. 244 7353 
SBf7 Charming 2 Bed. 2 Bath cl 
e/») flat in exc cund- LgeRerep. 

New Kit INI macro. Well fum 

wtfh new irad fitan. Conv Area. 

Close uanspon 6 sbop*. 
£525pw. Benbam * Reeves 
938 3522. 

BAYEWATERCuarmUMS Bedrm 

House, nr Park A transport. 

Large recoL spacious 
KUctien /Dining Rm onto paved 

garden. £280 pw ncg. Tel: 01- 

229-7997 or 075521083 


aMgDJWOB 

> «anr 

Sm^SadB-ttSdStariaMBL 
lunM|ud^sin«M OIM TV. 24 



a ca 

01-351 2383 



FWGAPP 


RENTALS 


CHELSEA SW3 

Charming 4 bad unftxnWiad 

house n quM tocahon. 2 

recaps. 3 bums. Mchen + Hi 
■Dpwices 6 garden E52S pw. 


RENTALS 

Long/Shart. 

Ml best areas. 
Personal Service from 
£120pw - £3.000pw. 

01-458 3680 
Anytiine (I) 


GEO J05LIN 

COUJNQHMI GMUGNSl 
BKhanting (pM Warior de- 
signed fiat 1 dbta recap. 
Anwfon ML 2 dbie beds. 
Baths ensulta. B months +. 
Co Ml SSTS p* nag. 

Caofaet Gfflte 

01-351 


GEO JOSUN 

HMTH GflOVE. SW1D. Beau* 
tilti siiHCioiis flaL 2 dtfle 
beds. 2 rocep®. Amflrlcwi Wt 
Bam. Tairace. EZ75JM pw. 
Aval 3 months +. 

Contact SHfe Crayon 

01-351 0821. 


JEAN WILLIAMS LTD. 

KENSINGTON MANSIONS S.Wi V8fy WBfl lum SdaC 
1/2 bad flat in well maintained Mode Kit 8fl mactilnos. 

Oo38 afl amenities. BBS p-w. 

WtMBt£X)ON HILL. Top fir 2 fisd fiat wim supart) vtows 
ovar London. Newly ftd Kit. mgo/tfrtng rm. E150 p.w. tac 
ch. & c-h.w 

KMOHT38RIDGE. Superb 4 bod »p Wfct Rim fi.dec 
to very Mgh stand ard. M eal lor antertalranfl.2 spacious 

S^miRY turn mod del hse ctoso to 

stn. 4 beds, wry spacious hge/dwngmi. wt/pistim.M 

machines. Easy access HflStwow. £170 fe y. 

KEmtNOrON. WM fum 1 bed «« h mod Moefc. Qas 
ch. Gga. £80 pm. 

01-949 2482 


B RM KOM SO s nut. 
Kiim. Bthnn. mod p/b psl 
N ewly dec. fum or unfum. bn- 
meduta orrueeuen. Long k* 
C275CW. OflKVOl BOS 0208 *X 
29. Hom rOI 73 6 B8B4 
STUHMNO PffiWfl hsc Hyde Prk. 
3 d beds. 2 bihs. i en suite. * 
tacuzzt. Huge open-plan living 
rm. Spiral to roof gdn and Mr- 
wruc. Sep tori Fully tmhtL 
C660 pw oi 723 4135 
SWS. Lux 4 bed 2 rang ItaL 
OtenoeMsg garden seum lin- 
furnished wnn carpets, curtains 
and All machines Aval now, 
Lana Co let. £350 pw. Buchan- 
an 01-351 7767 
CHELSE A i Superb 1 double bed. 
room net en ■Cheyne Wane. 
Newly Interior decorated. Large 
Htrtien breakfast ream. OL 
£166 per week. Ol 362 8*58 
CMELSSA FULHAM BORDERS 
lux 2/3 bed town house wnn 
eairony.Bd n. gge . o/s pandng 
wngroM. C 280 pw Burnaatns 

01 351 7767. 

CLAPHAM l Mkl tube. 2 Md (IPL 
rccoi. k 6 B- lot floor. Every 
emmlty CllOpw. Tel: CU-63*- 
1000 EXUT 2221 Day or 01- 
7205351 Eves 

DULWICH h» petuhouse ItL fur- 
nished. 1 dbta bed. 2 recent, 
pm. HfL porter, stunning stews. 
Avail limned. Sufi couple. £110 
pw. Tel: 10*42) 832061 
RHM H T i i RIDDE OvKqton Gdn 
yds from Harrods. Lux ItaL 3 
beds. 2 reran*. 2 bam*, ml re 
dec™ £550 p.w Long Co. LcL 
TeL KUgour 01 581 0573. 
RDCUFTK 50- SW1Q. Shadows 
gdn. RM. Dbta DfdL recrai. dlna- 
& gauo. Mod. fum. AB ma- 
chines- £is5 pw. cn. m pref. 
Tel : Ol 570 7580 An*. MACIL 
S TUIR1 6 LUX STUDM On 

Thames 4 muw Kings Rd. Dbie 

bed- Gge. Pit. T.v. Terr, fab 

view*. 6/Let £2SOow. L/Lat 

£136pw. Tel tal 249 8654 
vremNC LONDON/nuns aboi 

Bales 6 Company nave a urge 

select ton of naa a bouses nft 

able fori uwek-efreunrgoapw. 

499 1665. 

BARNES overiookJna green. MV 
eaulpprd s p aclou* dmax# bad 
flat. £140pw.toci. CH and aH 
services. Ol 876 396a. 

■CKR A BUTCMOFF for luxury 
properties in Sl Johns wood. Re 
raw Park. MMda Vale. Sw» 
Con 6 Hampstead 01-586 7661 
CLAPHAM immaculate spacious 

2 bedrm fUL nr Tube. Far 
caring non smokers. £110 pw 
Tel: 01-7200999. 

MSHQATE. NS. Close Htghgata 

Tube. Luxury 3 bedrm flaL 

toungr. kHetc£175Dw.Bmms 

♦. Tel: 281 1281 (T) 
■UHO T OHldM bad ItoL bath en 
-Mine, kll/sll rm. £75 p.w. lo In- 
clude cleaning A laundry. Tel 
Z26 0430. 

KEHMMSTON WS Quiet newly 
dec- fum flat X bed. rec. UL bath 
6 shower. CH. Mia 6 miuhs Lei 
£160 pw. Ol 834 6636 (9-6L 
KEMsmaroH. saxm iul 
£ 123pw. t dbl bed. lge rteen- 
uon. IM. new lurnllure.OI 
503 9456 

MAYFAIR HYDE PARK. The 
most luxurious tong/Ahorl leu 
1/6 beds best prices oi 935 
9612 ID. 

ST JOHNS WOOD. Exmdsfle gar- 
den flat bed. lounge, k A b. CH 
etr. for i M2. £148 pw. Tat Mr 
Lemtard 01-4565769. 

ST JOHN'S WOOD. Extravagant- 

ly spacious. luxurious mate. 
Ideal bachelor /couple, £298pw 

neg 01 289 9399. 

937 9SB1 The manner to rsnraa- 

brr when seeking Desl rental 

propeetie* In central and prime 

London areas £1 60/ £2J»0pw. 

W14 BARONS COURT A Seiec- 

tion of charming fully furn I 

Bed apis In mod com p le x - From 

£I38ow lot 01-575 1896 (TV 

WEST DULWICH modern 4 bed- 

room fumtehcd house, garage. 
IO ml nv victoria. £600 montb- 

ly. TeL-Oi 458 7607 
WWRLEDON VtLLAOE. 2 flats to 

let i bedroom tt 2 bedroom. 

Close all anunenUes and siattoo- 

£490 pent. 01-946 1953. 


Lnlversuy & Bril Museum. Tel 

Helen Watson ft Go. «ao 6278. 

SOLDERS GREEN. Exrepbonal 

spac. Geonpan style hse provid- 

ing 3 good sue. bearra*. lge 
arched receplloo/dlotog rm If 

M. 2 oashrms. mag rockery gdn 

dbta gge. £180 pw. 244 7355 

HOLLAND PARK Spacious su- 

perb fUmuhed DaL garden. 2 
bedrooms. 2 baths. fuDy titled 

Ul/breakfosi room, tuning 
room, iarpr nsrew. CD Lee. Musl 

be seen. £360 p.w. 352 8458 

HOLLAND PARK Overiooklna 

Park. IIDM. spacious 3 Bed. 2 

Bath rl e/s) flat to pb block. 

DMe Recvp with beaul views ft 

kii (Wash /Mach), esaspw. 
Benham ft Reeves 938 3522. 

D H 0M PT BM PARK SWfc luxury 

4ih floor. 2 bed. 2 balconi ed 

flaL overlooking private 2 acre 

park. Gym. sauna, solarium. 

pool. Prh parking. £195 pw 

IOC. Tel 01-874 1060 
LAPHAM COMRHML Spactous 4 

bed 2 bafli house to pretty street 

off common. Newly decorated 

wnn all mod cons. Suits 5 shar- 

ers al £45 pw each. Buchanan 
01-351 7767. 


dous smart 1 st fir flat oleoMno 

gardens. Due bedrm. ul 2 

mourns, lge rccep. Avau now. 

Co tat 6 rains*- £300 pw. Ring 
Masaeas 681 2216 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats ft 

houses £200 - UjOOO pw, Tet 

Burgess 681 5136 


UPFRIEMD 

CKUBL Ctanapg taa. new Me Id 
tegb staictart, 3 Stofros, 2 Ms. 
tins rm. dbls nog. dRnMn * 
rm. super a. Id. sad gdn. BBi sac 
■bMk UmbH dettgn mm 
use, new dec, 2 tednus. Mil 
'**“• 

mb'. WC. gge. ZEM pw. 
etEBOHCKtar tat taut tan. 
4 due Mihl? &3Hml 3 recep. su- 
par htQdB .liiiladlcsHaB.iWpw. 
HARPafe® HEATH. DeUHH HE 
QrighH beanis. Unds S cSrtOef. Z 
Mrm* Hocep. K ft B. 6dns. 9 msis 
UK. tw pw. 

01 - 4 M S 334 



VICTORIA SW1 

BpgftnL nowfy decorated 

ana hnushod to highest 
stan d a rd. 1 dbfe bedew 
traky located apartment 
Recaption / dtaing area. 
Wtehen. bathrm write shower. 

Ideal lor executive. Co im. 

(300 pw to tac totte CH 

270 Eorts Court Road, SWS 


GEO JOSUN 

EATON, 8WL Luxury interior 
designed house. 2 dbto beds. 
Baths ensuttB. 2 recaps. 
American kit AvaSabte short 
let Up to3 months. £500 pw. 

Ceetad GHte Craim 

01-351 0821 


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CnnfiteilTt cu vm 24“ 


RUGBY UNION 


Teague in different 
league on day of 
backward forwards 


By David Hands 
Rngby Correspondent 


Gloucester. 
Swansea - 


Defeat was a bitter pin for 
Gloucester to swallow at 
Kingshoim on Saturday, even 

tetb^es havcytt^OTKXnh. 
They scored Ae only toy of the 
game, again* two penalty e»ls 
lacked by Wyatt, yet bad the 
frustration of watching Lazenby 
miss three penalties and a 
conversion while a drop goal by 
Pointon rebounded from a post. 

Watching from the 
replacements’ bench was Tim 
Smith, whose goal-kicking 
might have served his side 
better. Watching from a some- 
what higher elevation was Mar- 
tin Green, England’s coach, 
whose main interest may have 
been the wen-being of Haxraa- 
ford, a national squad scrum 
halt but who would have been 
more impressed by the form of 
Teague, the Gloucester No. 8. 

There were not many ad- 
mirable qualities in a game 
burdened by poor tactical kick- 
ing and erratic, not to say 
impenetrable, back play. But 
Teague, capped by England in 
New Zealand last year and aged 
27 next month, revealed all the 
qualities which have made him 
a valuable back-row forward. 

In a match in which tittle 
stood between the teams, 
Swansea's lineout gave them a 
critical, if untidy, edge . Richard 
Moriarty, their new captain, 
dominated possession and. 
when be did not, his brother 
Paul frequently did. Both con- 
firmed the positive opinions 
held of them last season with the 
older brother, Richard, finishing 
the stronger. 

Swansea, too, have the com-' 
fort of knowing that Hopkins, 
their centre, who is still recover- 
ing from a hamstring injury 
acquired on tour with Wales 


during the summer, may shortly 
be available. They need some- 
one to provide them with a 
cutting edge in midfield now 
that Richards has retired 

Jones, Wales's scram half, 
took a knock on bis left elbow 
early in the game which may 
have hindered him slightly but 
his intuition shone through 
whenever required. He has the 
valuable quality of turning up in 
the most unexpected places. 

Gloucester led 4-3 at the 
interval and deserved to be 
further ahead. Breeze, malting 
the most of any scraps that came 
his way, was a whisper away 
from a try but David Matthews, 
the Liverpool referee who han- 
dled the game wdl was appro- 
priately positioned to deny him 
hi* rhfltyy from MacLe&u's 
chip. Teague did score, how- 
ever, when Swansea risked a 
long Throw nn their own line and 

the Na 8 grabbed the ball from 
Morris. 

Swansea grew stronger at 
forward during the second half 
and Wyatt’s second penalty 
(both times Gadd was the 
offender) gave them the lead, 
which was nearly enhanced 
when Jones sent the leggy Emyr 
off on a long run. Pointon. 
whose penalty touch-finder led 
to Teague's try, was sadly 
wayward with his kicking 
SCORERS: Oktucgfr - Trjr Tugus. 


Prosser is facing 
a testing season 


By Gerald Davies 


Pontypool 21 

South Wales Police 11 


Ray Prosser was not particu- 
larly pleased with PontypooFs 
performance on Wednesday 
night when they lost to Bath. 
Tne extra workout he called for 
Thursday may well have im- 
proved matters by Saturday 
when his team- won against 
South Wales Police by three 
goals and a penalty to two tries 
and a penalty. 

His temperature will only 
have dropped marginally JBcing 
a perfectionist in the supreme, 
shall we say, practicalities as 
opposed to the so-called subtle- 
ties of the game, be knows that 
having lost seven of last year’s 
regulars, there is paidung-up to 
da 

This season, remarkably his 
eighteenth as coach of the dub, 
will frilly test his resources. He 
and his team, after all, have a 
reputation to defend. 

South Wales Police, on the 
other band, are in the process of 
creating theirs. When Bleddy 
Bowen and Richie Donovan 
return to the thrcequarters, h 
may be a better time to judge 
them as a tea m . 

The first half was of the 


Brwn. M Davies. 

SOUTH WALES POLICE: N Karris; A 
Morgan, K Jones. P Yam C Barter P 
Jones, P Noble: H waiano-Jones. S 
Davies, M Pugh. D Price. J Wakstort. S 
Sutton. GDiamond. M Lynch. 

i (Swansea). 


ROP Jones! 


Good start Irish need 

a drop 
of genius 

By Bryan Stiles 


rattles 

foreigners 

Northern rugby 
by Michael Stevenson 
Northern dubs enjoyed a 
gratifying opening to the season 
with Vale of Lure, Waterloo, 
Headhtgley and ftonadhay, all 
refijstermg good wins over 
“foreign'' opposition. While on 
the Northern Merit Table front, 
all three matches followed the 
form book. 

Lrierpool St Helens have 
been plagued with the problem 
of what to call their excellent 
new club from the toochline. It 
is virtually impossible to shout 
“come on, Liverpool St 
Helens". It sounds too much 
like an incantation. Cheering for 
“the dub", has too many P G 
Wodehouse associations and 
the decision to settle for “LSH" 
seems eminently sansfectory. 

LSH followed their excellent 
win against Aberavoa with a 
much more convincing victory 
over Northern (34-4), newly 
reinstated in the table. If they 
are going to stay in H, however, 
they must tackle one major 
problem: namely their lack of 
rarirling , Nick Sirams and Brian 
Wdlans tore great holes in the 
centre, as did “Tosh” Askew. A 
much improved performance 
from the pack guaranteed LSITs 
backs plenty of quality balls. 

The match was virtually won 
and lost by the interval, as 
Simms (2) and Mark Hale, had 
run in tries for the winners, with 
Simms kicking one conversion. 
Northern managed a glorious 
try on the right-wing, scored by 
Chris O'Hara, but there was to 
be no Indian summer: and 
further tries for LSH by Hescott, 
Ian Jeffrey (2) and Terry Moms, 
with Simms contributing two 
farther conversions, under l in e d 
their superiority. 

Sale, even without Tony 
Bond, were far too strong for 
Morley. winning 35-9 after lead- 
ing 25-3 at half-time. Sale’s 
superiority was most marked in 
the line-outs, a department at 
which Ian McKie excelled, and 
the back row. where Simon 
Timing and Mike Kenrick con- 
firmed their rich talent 
Over the Pennines, Wakefield 
had a much tougher assignment 
in beating newly promoted Dur- 
ham City, ( 1 6-10k The foil back, 
Ray Adamson, contributed 12 

points with a tty, conversion 

and two penalties. Graham 
Marshall scored Wakefield’s 
other try. 


London Irish 

Wolfhounds „ — 


12 

24 


Providers of parties at the 
drop of a shillelagh, the Irish 
were determined to put on one 
at Sun bury -on-Thames to cele- 
brate tire opening of the 
£200,000 extension to their 
clubhouse on Saturday. The sun 
shone, champagne corks 
popped, barrels of Irish stout 
were consumed — but that extra 
bit of genius did not materialize 
on tbe field 

This was just a pleasant game 
between teams fielding players 
who probably had their sights 
on distant horizons. At the start 
of a season which leads to 
rugby’sbig bang — the staging of 
the inaugural World Cap in the 
Antipodes - who can blame any 
Wolfhound or exiled Irish inter- 
national determined not to 
Might his reputation with a 
frivolous display in front of 
members of the IRFU? 

Tbe Wolfhounds, on a two- 
match weekend trip to England, 
won comfortably by two goals 
and three tries to two goals, 
helped by two gift-wrapped tries 
from their hosts. 

The invitation side produced 
few errors; they always seemed 
to have something in reserve 

The home team opened the 
score in the eighth minute when 
Murphy created an opening for 
a movement that ended with 
Campbell collecting a try, which 
O’Donnell converted. The vis- 
itors steadily welded their in* 
dividual talents and scored tries 
through Haycock, Matthews, 
Muffin, Gossan and Kearney to 
run upa 24-6 lead before Gibson 
registered a consolation try for 
the Exiles. 

sraHSt&LonitoaMak'THMeCBinfltMlI, 
dtosoaOmmEona: O-Doimafl®. wS- 
JgiMfiKTitote ..Haycock,, uStims. 
twin. Crown, 


—--—/IRISH: H MacNeS: S Campbell. 
HContav M Davidson. P Davidson; P 
ffbenneil. B Murphy: T Henusw. fl 
Bwmger. 0 McCauley. M COflMty. C 
MwwjBj OagL j OttrtieoU. M Gfcson. 
WOLFHOUNDS! R HopMns (TigramirBfc K 
owsan (insonians). D irwin nnaonians). 
’R MUUn (OuMn Unlwretty), P Haycock 
fferenurefcR Keyes tCofkCoramBOTlS 
Cpwon (Maione): J HtigeraU (Young 
Munster). H Hertoon (Beam), M Darcy 

(TenrimL P Matthews Mmimsml F 

(Shannon), w Anderson 
N Carr (Ante). B Stfbne 

fwaksteU (Londoner 


Keeping at 
bay the 
long arm of 
the law 

By Paul Martin 

The p recarirag distinction bc- 
tween tolerated rngby excesses 
and downright illegal thuggery 
was brought into sharp relief 
over the weekend in Newport’s 
20-13 victory over Coventry. 

“The game is being pot wndex 
the microscope by the media,** 
Brian Jones, the Newport dub 
chairman and former inter- 
national, said after reports that 
violence bad gone unpunished 
by tbe referee at the chib’s home 


:Wyatt( 

GLOUCESTER: S Lazsnby: D Mtxgen. P 
Taykv. R MKLean, J Broezw 0 POinion. 
M Hantotora: M pntody. K White. R 
Pared. J Gadd. N Scrtwns. J Brain. M 

SwXhi5£A^MWyStM Tttiey. BTSytor, I 
Jeflroyt. A Emyr M Decoy. R Jones: S 
Foster. P Hughes. K CoWragh. P 
Morierty. J 1MBana.R Moriarty. PMorm, 
TCMSMtaan. 

(Mane: D Mantwws (UvwpooQ. 

• There were mixed fortunes 
for both the home sides in 
Saturday’s two John Smith’s 
Merit Table games. In Table A 
Moseley, ihanl« to the second 
half try by Barr, drew with 
Nottingham 4-4; but in Table B 
Richmond, after leading 14-3 at 
the interval, went down to 
Waterloo 33-14. 


loosening-of-stifr-joints kind. 
Harris kicked a penalty for the 
visitors and Carter, with some 
power, picked up to charge over 
from a scrum close to the Police 
line. Lewis converted. 

Thankfully, h shifted a gear in 
the second half Thomas ducked 
and weaved through what bad 
hitherto been a strong Police 
defence for another try for Lewis 
to convert. 

The grinding force of Ponty- 
pool, you felt, would now surely 
telL But no. Back came the 
visitors with, first, a try by Phil 
Jones on tbe blind side, and an 
even better one by Lynch. 

But this response, which 
brought the Police to within one 
point at 12-1 1, was shortlived. 
Lewis not only kicked a penalty 
but added the extra points to 
Mainwaring’s try following a 
maul dose to the line. 

SCORBI& Portypoofc Trte* Carter. 
Thomas. Malnwering. ComrmiOM: 
Lew® 0. Pm*: Unite. Sou* Wales 
Po6ck Trios: p Jonas. Lynch. Pw il |. 
Harris. 

PONTYPOOL: P Lewis; A Parry. R 


That there was some hard, 
rough play ni not denied, 
either by him or by Harry 
Walker, the Coventry secretary 
and former Inter- 

national. There had been some 
“wrestling” between two for- 
wards, David Waters, an inter- 
national, and Coventry’s Brian 
Kidner, who were warned by the 
referee, but officials of both 
dobs felt tbe match was not 
particularly dirty or aansoaL 
Newpwt are sensitive to criti- 
cism, in view of three wdl- 
pobtidzed incidents bst season, 
one of which led to the referee 
“absconding**, to use Jones's 
term, rather than re-starting a 
match. 

like most, if not aH, Welsh 
dubs, Newport are auxkras to 
beep the law at arm’s length. 
“Once the courts get involved, 
rngby football will be a totally 
different game,” Jones said. 
“Take away the physical aspect 
of tbe game and we would 
destroy it. Tbe idea of officials 
sitting in the stands and report- 
ing incidents is shocking.” 

Walker similarly complained 
«»»■» legal intervention would 
“open the floodgates”- 

Wallabies 
end wait 
in style 

New Zealand 9 

Australia 22 

Auckland (Reuter) — 
Australia's 37-year wait to win 
a series against the New Zealand 
All Blacks on foreign soil came 
loan end on Saturday when they 
scored a thoroughly merited 
victory in zhe final match of the 
series. 

Tries by the new fill! back, 
Leeds, and the winger, 
Campese, gave the final score a 
flattering look after the Walla- 
bies had led 12-9 with only 12 
minutes remaining. The AU 
Blacks, who lost the first inter- 
national 13-12 and won the 
second by tbe same score, owed 
all their points to the boot of 
theirpenaliy expert. Crowley, a 
sad indictment of their poor 
handling near the Australian 
line. 

While the Wallabies forwards 
enjoyed the bulk of possession, 
the AU Blacks ran the ball at 
every opportunity but were let 
down by a combination of poor 
passing and resolute Australian 
tackling. 

The only try of the first half 
came against the run of play 
when Papworlh jinked his way 
to within a yard of the New 
Zealand line before releasing a 
loose pass. The ball bounced 
enticingly before being collected 
by Leals, who capped a fine 
iniernationaldebut by scoring a 
try, which Lynagh 
convert ed-Thai made the score 
12-3, Lynagh having landed two 
penalties for the touring team 
with Crowley replying for the 
All Blacks. 

But the New Zealanders re- 
duced the deficit to just three 
points when Crowley convened 
two more penalties in the 31st 
and 57ih minutes. Tbe All 
Blacks’ policy of running at all 
costs began to take on a frantic 
look and the Australians re- 
asserted themselves through two 
more Lynagh penalties. With 
only seconds remaining, and 
New Zealand already beaten, 
Campese went over to stretch 
the margin of victory. 

NEW ZEALAND: K Crowley; J Kbmn. J 
Stanley. A Stone, C Green; F Bolica. D 
Ktt ; S McDowa*. H Retd, G Ktaghi, M 
Shaw, G wiwton. M Pierce. J Hobbs. M 

AUSTRALIA: A Leeds: D Campese. A 
Stack , B Papwxth, M Burke: M Lynagh. 
N Fwr-Jones; E Rodrigum. T Lawton, M 
HarlM, S Poidavin, WCampbefl, S Cutler. 

J MDor. S Tyranan. 

RetentaB Anderson (Scotiand}- 

Irwin back for 
Ulster 

against Scots 

David Irwin reappears in an 
Ulster jersey next Saturday 
against the South of Scotland in 
Jedburgh for the first time since 
injt 

Connacht looked 
have ended his rugby career 
(George Ace writes). 

Ulster have named eight play- 
ers with international experi- 
ence. McKibbin is preferred at 
loose-head to Kennedy.Brown 
replaces Russell at outside-half 
and CaiT returns to complete an 
all international back row. 

• The South of Scotland XV 
contains 11 full Scottish inter- 
nationals and three B caps (Ian 
McLauchian writes). 

Smith, the Gala lock, finds 
himself in the second row to the 
exclusion of Tomes. 

Sudlow and Waite will give 
little away in the scrums. With 
all of tne back five capable 
jumpers lineout ball should be 
secure. 

SOUTH OF SCOTLAND: P W Dod* 

ABM nr (Kflteo). R j 

FOBEt). C T OsSif T^Q 

Waite (Kelso), T J Sfltith (GdST A J 


a knee injury last November 
against Connacht looked to 


Keisoxi 


D Corcoran 


(OauoifaiMMMnM. 

|L l »tonttm|. W HarM roofl (Maiona). k 


"‘'tiss,; 


Brady (Ballymena); _ 

(IfWntara), j McDonald (MaJoneL j 
McCoy ( BaogOf), FMfaahowa (Wander- 

SS*«! 

Beterae: j Hernia (Ba mugftnmirt. 

Rngby results 

on page 27 












































26 


SPORT 


RACING: THREE-YEAR-OLD FILLIES TAKE THE HONOURS IN GROUP ONE CONTESTS IN IRELAND AND FRANCE 


Confident Reid 
excels as 
Park Express 
powers in 


Fran Michael Seely, Dublin 


« John Reid rode a supremely 
■ : confident and perfectly-timed 
race on Park Express to over- 
• whelm Europe's top 10-fur- 
long hones in the £400,000 
- Phoenix Champion Stakes in 
: Dublin yesterday. 

Sprinting dear of her rivals 
; :~two furlongs from home, the 
; * Jim Bolger-trained filly beat 
5 Double Bed by 2Wi lengths 
. with the luckless Triptych 
J finishing the same distanrp 
: away in third place. 

“Everything went according 
to {dan,** the jockey said 
afterwards. “I kept her handy 
’ as she likes to be ridden that 
way. I wanted to hold her up 
: longer but when we heard the 
others coming it was woomph 
and she was gone. Z never saw 

V Big race details 


340 PHOENK CHAMPION 
(Group I: £261.500: 1m 2J) 


STAKES 


PARK EXPRESS fcr f by Atwnoora - 
Matcher (P Bums) 3-8-8 JRaW(1 1-2) 1 
DoufateBtolbebyBeMyGuut-ClUra’s 

SluppwflRwwa) 3-811 Paul Eddery ^ 

: Tryptfdi b f tqr Wwrman - TOBon (A 
- CSoro) 4-M Angel Cordero (3-1 tov) 3 
.-ALSO RAN: 5 BalMMte flttMHMM 
Counselor, 10 SMrrood. 12 Cojofspin. 20 

- Dtfxan (4tii). Supreme Loader. 25 Benrm- 
d a Classic. 33 Mr John ait Rwacfi 

- John. Gayle GbL 13 ran. 2KL2NL «. M. 


.- IxLJ 
2mki 


In intend. Tchb not awflatta. 


BoUer In Ireland. Tote n 
02 -Steac (track record). 


another horse." Reid had also 
excelled himself on this course 
in August, when winning the 
Heinz 57 Phoenix Stakes, 
Europe's richest two-year-old 
race on Minstrella. 

Park Express and Sonic 
Lady have now both paid 
-dramatic tribute to the ex- 
cellence of this year's crop of 
three-year-old fillies by win- 
ning group one races on the 
same afternoon. And if the 
ground is firm at Doncaster 
next Saturday, Untold, the 
conqueror of yesterday's win- 
ner in the Yorkshire Oaks will 
certainly start at a shorter 
price than her current odds of 
7-1. 


For the second day running 
the going was fast and the 
winner’s time of 2 minutes 15 
seconds was a track record. 

Turning into the straight 
Ramich John, Mr John and 
Dubian were disputing the 
lead with Park Express track- 
ing this group. After the 
winner had gone for home, 
both Angel Cordero on Trip- 
tych ana Paul Eddery on 
Double Bed attempted to 
launch their attacks. Freddie 
Head also made a forward 
move on Baillamont but the 
effort was soon spent. Dubian 
was the first British runner to 
finish in 4th place. 

Bolger, the Kilkenny 
trainer, has long been a genius 
with fillies as the exploits of 
Condessa. Give Thanks and 
Flame Of Tara have already 
born eloquent testimony. 
"She’s in all the big races on 
both sides of the Atlantic. She 
might even go to Doncaster 
for next Saturday’s Leger, but 
we'll have to think it over 
first," he said after having 
achieved the most important 
triumph of his career. 

The story of Patrick Burns's 
career as an owner-breeder is a 
heartening rags to riches tale. 
First he pinned his face on 
Red God when he was a 
comparatively unknown stal- 
lion and now he has gone nap 
on Ahonoora, who is the sire 
of Park Appeal as well as Park 
Express. He only paid 42,000 
guineas for yesterday's winner 
at the Newmarket October 
sales. 

Double Bed, the runner-up 
is now bound for the Wash- 
ington International at Laurel 
Park on October 18. “He's a 
June foal and improving fast,” 
said Ronald Reeves, die 
owner. 

Cordero had Iain too for out 
of his ground on Triptych, but 
the 43-year-old Puerto Rican 
born jockey later redeemed. 



John Reid and Park Express, the runaway whiners of yesterday's Phoenix Champion Stakes 


himself by winning the John 
H organ Handicap on Any- 
thing Better. “Triptych has 
run her usual honest race and 
will now go for the Arc." said 
Robert Natas of Horse Farm, 
representing Patrick 
Biancone. “10 furlongs on this 
ground was too sharp for her 
as she is really a mile and a 
half mare," 

The British raiding party's 
only success of the afternoon 
came when Paul Cook rode 
Simple Taste to a narrow but 
decisive win in the Goff's 
Silver Flash Stakes. 

On Saturday, Vincent 
O'Brien showed ' us a live 
candidate for the Prix de 
FAbbayc, the big sprint in 
Paris on Arc day, when Pal 
Eddery forced Robert 
Sangster’s filly, Acushla, past 
Storm Warning and Marouble 
in a thrilling finish to the Glen 
International Flying Five. 

After the champion jockey 
elect had ridden an inspired 
race to show us exactly why he 
will earn a reported £2 million 
from Khaled Abdulla over the 
next three years, O’Brien said: 
“Pat says she's sure to win the 
Abbaye. This a tough and 
improving filly. But I don't 


know where she gets her speed 
from as she's by Storm Bird 
out of Amar who won over a 
mile and ahalfLT 

Talking about the virus that 
has wrought havoc in what 
was the most powerful stable 
in Europe until two seasons 
ago, the 67-year-old master 
trainer continued: “Things are 
still not right. It seems to be 
hanging around for ever. Even 
the horses which appear not to 
be affected have no bloom on 
their coats. I've only got about 
six horses ready to nm includ- 
ing Leading Counsel, who 
goes for the Prix Foy." 

However O'Brien is still 
eagerly anticipating next sea- 
son. “Of course I'm sorry to 
lose Pat But I'm looking 
forward to working with Cash 
Asmussen. He's a quite in- 
credible young man and 
exceptionally intelligent” 

The winning time of 56.88 
seconds was a new trade 
record since electrical timing 
was introduced. 

Earlier in the afternoon 
David O'Brien had got the 
better of his lather, Vincent, 
when Stately Don proved too 
good for Golden Dome in the 
Matchmaker Stakes. 


Sonic Lady confirms 
position as top miler 

From Our French Racing Correspondent, Paris 


Sonic Lady put up aa 
outstanding performance Da gala 
her sixth victory of the season in 
the yesterday's £MHL258 Prix da 
Moilifl de Longrhamp. 

With Walter Ssiatan aax- 
h» not to kc Steve Caathca on 
poach too big a load, 
SomcXady was never nr off the 
pace and began to make grand 

^nhwriwg the «*ra«g ti>- 

Hktiag the front two furlongs 
ost, probably sooner than 
Swinbsm wndd have liked, she 
quickly established a dear 
advantage. Although she never 
looked in “‘ besot beaten, she 

had to be stron gl y ridden to hold 
the challenge of the previoudy 
unbeaten Thrill Show hi the 
final furlong. At the fine, the 16- 
10 favourite had half a length to 
spare. 

Lining stayed on at one pace 
to finish a farther Vh lengths 
bade in third, fast ahead of 
Magical Wonder and EHe Seale. 
Northern Aspen ms a never 
dangerous eighth, while Bold 
Anangeme ut faded hi the last 
and a half to finish 


Sonic Lady, whom Sefa fa i 
rates an a par with Shadeed, has 
kept her form very well, a point 
bone out by the tone of 1 minute 
354 seconds which was less 
than a second outside the recent 
for the race. 

Stante was quick to give credit 
to CBffLmes who rides the SBy 
ont at home and has taaght her 
to settle so wdL The plan now is 
to go straight for the Breeders’ 
Cnp MBe on Nercnbcr 1 which 
is abo the target far the second. 

Magical Wonder, a fiat big- 
race tide la France far Jorge 
Velasquez, wfll go far the Cham- 
pion Stefa* at Newmarket 
• The leading German colt, 
Acatenango, sawed his twelfth 
consecutive victory in 
yesterday's Grosser Preis 
Baden. He made all the 
Car a five-length 
Hilaries and Dahn with 
Phaidante last of the five nm- 
ners. The win ne r's eemmctMos 
are still co ns id erin g the Arc for 
this year hot ceuflmed that he 
wftl definitely be trained for that 
is a fl ve-y etr -old 


Cecil filly 
worth 
another 
chance 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Once agam ft looks as fffoose 

two brilliant jockeys, Pat Eddoy 
and Steve Cautben. wdl domi- 
nate proceedings at Nottingham 
today when their private battle 
for the jockeys 1 championship is 
rejoined. , 

There wfll be no more fas- 
cinating race than the Final 
ScoreEBF. Stakes in which the 
two protagonists wfll be pitted 
against .one another on Kaduu 
and Lady Sophie. 

I expect Cautben to come out 

in front here on lady SopMe. 
who will be wearing blinkers for 
the first time, and also win the 
last race on Beccaddk. E ddery 
can counter by landing a treble 
for Luca 0 |m3n ' on Gurotooao 
(230). Quiet Hero (3.0) and 

A< Bmh?acS md2ady Sophie 
have put up their best perfor- 
mances in defeat this season: 
Radial when second in the 
Scottish Derby and fourth in the 
King Edward VH Stakes at 
Royal Ascot; Lady Sophie when 
second- to Sonic Lady ui the NeU 
Gwyn Stakes at Newmarket and 
Sandown’s Atalanta Stakes. 

Last time oat Kadiai finished 
last but he can be excused as the 
race- was the race group one 
Matchmaker International at 
York. At Sandown Lady Sophie 
was running on really well at the 
end of a mile after the winner 
had given her the slip. She 
deserves another chance. 

Beccad dB, Cautben's other 
likely winner in part two of the 
second division of the Delirium 
Maiden Stakes, ran promisingly 
at Yarmouth first time when he 
finished a dose fourth behind 
Cape Wild. By the time that he 
goes to post. Quiet Hero, who 
finished sixth in the same race, 
should have been a source of 
encouragement by winning part 
one of the same division. 

At the start of this nine-race 
programme, Lucayan Knight is 
napped to provide a pointer to 
Girotondo's chance of winning 
part two of the first drvrisionby 
. himself landing part one. They 
began their racing careen fay 
finishing second and fourth 
respectively behind Start-Rite at 
Yarmouth. 

Actualizations, my selection 
for the Sterope Handicap was 
beaten only a bead by Fenian 
Delight last time out at Edin- 
burgh. With Persian Delight 
then winning again at New- 
market, that form looks solid. 


NOTTINGHAM 


Going: firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, Wgh numbers best 

1J30 DEURtUM MAIDEN STAKES (EKv 1, part 1: 2-Y-O: £959: 61) (15 
runners) 


FORM: MUGATH (94071)1 batten 3Klto Felng Lafif(9-0) 20 ran. Yarmouth 71 sta good 
to te Aug 21. QUET HERO (94) 6th battens to Capo WM (94) tt ran. Ywm«flh« 
stks good to firm Aug 21 . SOME DREAM (8-11) 40i boater SKI to Norapa (81 1) aim 
HAYQATE PAHK|P!1) (Hi 


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17 ran. Nu t ttuftam 61 stks good Aug 11. 


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■ 11 


3J0 OYSTER MAID SELLING STAKES (£940: 1m 2f) (11) 

1 to- COLONS. P0FM (B(pKkcMn$WMacM»4-B-0. 

2 000/000- HRE HAZARD (WVted)DWB»n$ 4443. 

. RpnignSmMNCaDagtH 

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nENQR COURT (W Wharton)! 


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17 0841000 AUSTRIA P) fl Purchase) D Haydn Jones 3-8-3 DIM 

18 043MOO COWfT^KCARLOTTT MUams) A Jarvtt 3-M J Lowe 5 

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24 000420 VITAL 819 mfnMMn)TFairtimt 3-83 JC1to0hsn(7)1 

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Non Verbs. 10-1 Hot Twist 14-1 Austa, 15-1 oOmrs. 


SCantbH2 


8-13 Lurnyan Knight, <4-1 PustwH, 5-1 Woodarful WHam. 8-1 Swnrius. 10-1 
. Malang tflsaxy. 16-1 aim. 

FORM: GBSRAL NBLLAMB 
YMmouhTtoOa 
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(9-0) 10 ran. Nottingham 61 stks good Aug 
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: LUCA VAN KNUHT 


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Wind (8-11) 14 ran. Goodwood 8( stks good to firm July 


Nottingham selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 LUCAYAN KNIGHT (nap). 2.0 Quick Reaction. i30 
Girotoudo. 3.0 Quiet Hero. 3.30 Count Alma viva. 4.0 Lady Sophie. 
4 JO Actualizations. 5.0 Edraiamhus. 5 JO BeccadeUL 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

1 JO Lucayan KnighL 2.0 Quick Reaction. 2.30 Girotondp. 3.0 
Mugaih. 3.30 Maftir. 4.0 Lady Sophie. 4 JO Actualizations. 5.0 Mon 
Cocur. 5 JO BeccadeUL 

By Michael Seely 

1 JO LUCAYAN KNIGHT (nap). 2.30 Girotonda 3.0 Mugailu 

2.0 STRATHSPEY HANDICAP (ESL2S9: 1m 6f) (19) 

1 01 BANNEROL (USA) (K AtKMU) O Hanwod 3-9-10 

3 omS buSoowhIuin nS« aSS- w*ow 5 ui 53 



4JD FINAL SCORE E B F STAKES (£2,918: 1m 2Q (11) 

1 010020 KAVAKAfJ Ross) H Witting 484 

2 214210 KADUL H Apa Khan) R Johnson Houghton 3-941 Rati 

3 220-000 KUFUMAIH) (B H«TOUC) G IWtw - 
5 304090- WHY TUABLEID Low^R HoHnshead 4-94). 

8 01-2012 LADY SOPHIE (BHmtBF) (H Joel) H Cecfl 3-811 81 

10 434B1 VERITABLE (D) (T B&4 P Hadam 3810 T1 

18 800100 SMOOCH (A OppenhaSner) K Bnnaey 3-87 SWNtanrti6 

21 440040 K3CW0HTW (Lort BnshM) F Durr *-80 WCmal 

24 to mrSDAUGHTER AMs L Maytan) G Retards) 37-11^. J Loara 9 

25 40 DIA1ECT (Mm JdeRotncMd)Elnoln 87-11 MWylO 

28 000000 RLL ABUWER [Mst R Jadrays) R HoSnjhand 4-7-11 ACUfeaoe(7]B 

811 Lady Soptaa. 5-2 Kadal. 8-1 Voriubia, 181 Smooch. 181 Kuhana, 281 
Others. 

FORM: KADtAL (810) bat at 12 to Shardarl (9-Q York Matchmaker stks good Aug 19. 
raoamty won a two horsa race, aarllar (89)2n(l boatan 1 Kl to Moon Madnaas [89)4raa. 
Ayr Scottsh DorOy1m3f good JtSy 19. KUHMA (1896th boston 131M to Evas Error (8 
6) 18 raa Ascot 1m lattes stks good Jtdy 28. UDY SOPtflE (87) 2nd baatan 21 to 
ftindiesepeperraase (87) 10 ran. Sandown Ira stks good to soft Aug 29. VERITABLE 
199 won 2! hum Tamraour (89 9 ran. repon 1m 21 sSa good to firm Aug*. SMOOCH 
g-Tjurga atotoR oyti Loft (87) 12 tan. Goodwood 71 sacs good July 29. 

4J0 SlfcHOPE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,404: 1m 50yd) (18) 

1 004301 COUNTRY GENTLEMAN (C G A Horaoradng) J Dunlop 810 ^ 

2 301-000 MASHHUR TO(C-Q1 [H Al MaMoum) P WSIwyn 97 — . MEakryf 


8 804322 SKAITStoM 
10 2310182 MAVBETWSHHR 
15 013300 OLD MALT0N 01 (Aj 
21 000212 QUICK REACTION (W 
23 0014*0 MuscnauTnn.pl 
25 0002D2 KTOQHTS HBR (8) (H| 
20 000003 MOUNT AmtBIMP 

27 0-00034 GRAWYtotoP*! 

28 000*00 CAMPUS BOY (Vfcvi 
20 004400 HICHAM QREY(Wtoi 

30 OOOOAM CAVAUER SCTVEHTE 

31 *-5043 RUN FOR RMMto 

32 003302 DCNALTOIM 

33 0*0030 hbqhtofmMSV 
30 0-00003 JWUAM (B) (Mra J da 


NT HAJ. (N NuttilO Jawny Rtzoendd 
MA (A Oman) M Btorahart 38i2. r 
CHOKE fflF) (Laid GrananO J Dunh 



juu&ananl)J Dunlop 3-81 — » >. 

(Mrs P Doraay) B RKhmond 54M OMctnAsI 

* — 1J Tatar 48* PSoUwcnl 

RaradenjM Rysn37-I3 _ Q BaicM (7) 13 


Msiomy) R HaBrahnd 94). 8 Pnta 9 
‘ B Han&uy 812_ W R Sariobora 11 

| H Baaatojr 812 J Raid 3 

Ltd) PMa»n812 MHohartiW 

(R Stokes) LCuusm 810 PMEddwylO 

' B HfcB-9 B Thomsen 18 


| (A Steadman) Cl 


187-12. 


— j J Ramadan 5-7-6 
IDCtapman 187^ 


Bewdswxtt) P VMgham 87-7 J 1 

s N Lawts) G La«ss 3-7-7 

i South 3-7-7 


11 

OTI5 

■ 7 

— 18 
(31 !7 


AibuthOM i>7-7 


E tnctsa 87-7, 



4 000340 CHARL' 

7 004340 BBI DORADO 

8 000210 GMHGTT ALL AWAY. 

9 0480 REALMOONSHWIBmofe 

12 03*2 ACTUALIZATIONS tUSAVE 

15 000-0 JUST M ET (ShaWlAATlK 

18 0-040 RRST OPPtMTUWTT (P W ntWOOtl ) P Atdar M 

20 4-OIWT MCKraiANfl^ awn) M Prescott 8S 

21 flto SCARtET DANCiR (USA) (A Paotson) O IXJwob 8-6 
24 003013 PHAjOSOPIttCAL (G Cwmng) W hkason B-S 

28 440040 AVADAfflhsM JamsIA JavaM 

29 000030 HARLErPORD LAO (G Ffltey) Denys Smith 7-13 

34 00020 HEPOHT * EM (USA) (F tn a) M Jams 7-11 

35 B2DOOO COmtALSPlfes BEST (B) (J UpaoTO W Casay 7-11 

45 00-4400 RBI SOLLY (Mrs J Khan) C Brtt&to 7-7 

47 000300 Ml DE 80UEH. (8) (W KaRy) M Btmhard 7-7 

81 ActuaBahoRS. 82 Bkdtennan. 1 1-2 Country Genttonwi. 81 PMtmcp M cal. 81 
Raai Moonshine. 181 Mashhur. Charlton Kings, 12-1 Report ’Em. 14-1 others. 



82 Grattiy. 81 Quick Raaeaon. 182 Bannerol. 81 Shah’s Choice, 81 Music 
MnwsL 181 Knight's Hair. Leon. 181 Buddow HW, 14-1 others. 



MMBMM^toHMn htawW 
(848 10 ran. Ripon Ira If h’S 
last of 12 to Wibe WBbe (7-10 
MOONSHINE (9-5) SmOeatort 
GIVING IT AUAWtoMM 
to him Jt4y 28. M 
^^■mahlira 


94 DORADO (B-m ora beaten 7X1 toB 

fie. giving it Allaway (7-10) soon bsatenl 
■teOSOPWCAL (810) 3rd beaten 3KL and REAL 
.T2ran.Yhrmouai1mh'capgoodtolinn A>ig21-&i*BT| 

BB 1m n’cap good 

Bfoght (85) arm 

^to(8iWW 

■to tote 
f h eap good Aug 1. 


S-10) 8th beatan 13 VII to Blenders Choice ( 
i July 26- fHCXERMAN (8^ won W from ( 


Sr^aDENkLTO 
£30 DELIRIUM MAIDEN STAKES (Divl, part 2: 2-Y-O: £959: 60(14) 


SJQ TULYAR NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1,706: 1m 50yd) (12) 


4 

10 

15 

19 

23 

25 

Zfi 

to 

31 

37 

41 

47 

49 

52 


4 GWQTQN00(CD'AIISft O)LCia 
0 BWCRIAL WAY (Anmo EmerpRia 
0 LittJVARO U Briy) R Armstrong ‘ 

0 MACSMAraTK>(MMcOonneI) 

0 MARKET Wimr O T B# 

» MONETARY FUND (O Khan) G La 
PANAMA JACK p MecPhereon) P 
338 SWMG SNOWfA SmBi) H WIWng94).. 
DREAima RMS (S Emmet) R Jcmson 
ULAR0IA (Mrs S AMQ P 
MocnemLE 
3 PBK3L 



1 

5 

7 

9 

14 

15 
17 
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19 
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2* 
27 


PaulEddaiy2 


0423 MON COCUR (OF) [Cj» M Lemca) C Brtt» 87 

30200 SSfllH Al-Mai '^u) P Watayn 

DIO WHO OF PEACE (S| itefcnmsrf) J W Watts 7-13 H Ceanorten 5 

0484 B3RA1AKTWS (P toimdris) D laanTS N Adams 4 

00024S BBtOCON(WSidere)D Chapman 7-7 —8 

00200 JOHMrygouto^imiB^iigM^T.T -»«— « 

400 COfKMAHA DAWN (Avodum l -) R Header 7-7 
(NO CHAimLLV LACE (RU (R WhiBay) P Kelaway 7-7^ 

040400 LACK Of PEARLS (P Johnson) H W)h«gc 7-7 J 
000*3* TMUA5 (HR (Mrs F DurDF Our 7-7^^Hto 
■ 030 BELLE OF STARS (C Cysal M Usher W] 


030 4USTGN1ME(AAlRMa)QHuBv7-7 u 



G Carter p) TO 


7 2£sn}i* w Mutafdr. 81 Wind Of Paace, 81 Burocon. 
181 TUBSk 181 BaBe Of Stan. 181 others. 


Fetaati8li 
MoteLPiggott8i1 

( (USA)(BF] (Matocwm Al MNctoun) 0 DaJob 81 1 

PaalEddayU 

840rotondo.8i Monetary Fund. 81 Ponca Sharpener. 182 Mac's Maestro, 81 
Undmo. 181 Moorastyla Girt, 181 others. 

FORM: OnOTONDO A4D 4th beaten 5X1 to Start-flit* (9-0) 7 ran, vermouth 6f sths 
oood Ann 27. UNPVOT0(9-W71h bea ten twa r 41 to MaerotiiaH80)lOran.Wewmarimt 
Ssdei good to firm Aug 9. I*mTS MAESTRO (80) 5tn baatan a to Cape WSdS-Ol 11 
ran. Yamttuth Df SW good to firm Aug 21 . MOtSTARY FUND (9-0) 2nd beoean ata' 1 
SMtWi(94nGrsn. Epsom 8f stks S0ftMJg2S.PGNCn.SHM 

to Noropa (811) 17 ran. Nottmgham Sadis good Aug 11. 


^ troin Shadbame (86) 8 ran. Hamikon 6f state 
Ji4y23 ajRAlAHTHUS {8® i4th bornan 2W to Panache (7^12) with IftBlOfi (810) 8th 
bate 6X1 7_ran. Saitsbwy WhcaPBOOdMig 14. CHANluIV LACE (8-5) 5th baatm 


9WtoPontaC atthOftda (811)5 real 
(84) I5ran. 


smtoSa tset— 
^■BMONCOEUR 


1 Aug 5. THCLKA§(7-12 
tmh'cap good Aug 


4th baatan 


1(811) 3rd baatan 61 


2JD DELIRIUM MAIDEN STAKES (Div IL part 1: 2-Y-O: £959: 60(15) 

APRAT6RF0RW1N0Sp*jaT!QrBi)JSNeNfaB4) MMM4 

KLLY CONNOLLY (W BnttamS-0 K May 11 

aasaaMSawaae^ ssssi 

0 NEVADA MKWMcConn«BNGMato94> W 

o ou^HERQfi»wfchMrfiammed)LCuipaniM.^ Pal Eddery 2 

000 SPARKLER BOY (F Can) F Carr M . - S Motto I 


1 

3 

5 

fi 

10 

12 

14 

17 

20 

25 

35 

38 

37 

38 

47 


8 

9 

II 

18 

18 

24 

30 

31 
02 
34 

41 

42 
44 


530 DELIRIUM MAIDEN STAKES (Div If, part 2: 2-Y-O: £959: 6f) (14) 

2 4 BECCADBUfC St George) H Cool 94) SCantfatoU 

!SS 35 £ , SS& 

m c ssssasi? arattfcis===2!BR 

4 ROUESON IB MotranlB Homan 8 0 BCmaNf 13 

TTETAHIPWaOHMSIOUtoM WRSario&umS 

O CtWUKMG GRACE (EAnoaOD Haydn Jones 811 GBaxMrl* 

DALBY DANCER (J BNlbCM)P F«g» 811 MMBar 2 

' .J Lome 3 


RRSRON WCoaenttrf WSser 

SBffiBfflBSK&S 


CfTWamerJi 

BRAND (Roddnue Stud) WffGormm 8ii . 
WTRALMAOCIB Bal)C Gray 811 


_ W Canon 1 
W Woods fflio 

H Fe« 3 


00 VQRT1tACX(FSaaii6lltaNMacu*N94)„ 

■ 0 FR^SWP OJ NonnanlPFetaateMl 

J HAYQATE PARKJG MSs) «4^n 811-— 
M HEAVEN OM.Y KNOWS (J Netnwcott-Huno 


. PaMEddary 14 
JWteetaiO 

PRoUhsenS 

S Norton 811 — . jLmra 7 


HEAVcfl UHI.T MUHs M 

000 HOLTS WAY (North Cheshire Twsng) □ Haydn Jones HI DWHeoaiJ7)15 

i/ 4 SOME DREAM (CMeckweqJteniBr 811 J»id5 

84 Qavan Lights. 10830 Ntogath. 7-2. Quiet-Hero. 5-1 Haygata P*K 182 Soma 
' prwen. 81 HaaaanGnly Knows, 181 others. ' 


B rens Bactadatti.M The Tain. 81 Maj d. 81 Hunting Couney, 181 temic, 181 
others. 

FOMfc BECCADELL) (94Mth baton 2KI to Catw WU (EM)) 1 1 ran. Yarmouth 61 stks 
good to te Aug 21. IIAJTD (811) 2nd beatoniai to Rumtwggle (81 1)4 ran. Chaster 

Stats son Aug 30. pehcov shades (BfiSoi beaten a toParocfee Ctefee (8in 12 
ran.Newcaste»stagoodAug2B.ftoiJFESON(8Q|4tobe(3san9toHenwaticp^12 
ran. Kaydock 61 stksgood Aug 8. CHARMING GRAdlE (811) llth hasten IB tou^or- 

ing(81 1) 13 ran. WoNartnmpbn 5ts«s good Aim ismaocs«8th batean 111 toi8 

caNoaa( 8M^^TM ffwtd(Haaa6O0dlPmnA4y2B- ^ 


-HEXHAM 


Going: good 

2.15 NEWHGGM NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) (17 
runners) 

2 00f OOUBHIBMWASNpbe«iS«iM14> .DftaM 

3 048 GODS LAW MsGRewlay 8114), 

4 GOOD RSHARPG A Cahrert 811-0 CGmM 

5 KELLVS m D MoftaB 811-0- . KTeotm 

8 008 MQ0NDAWNK Stone 811-0 AWAnai 

7 844- PfMME STONE 6 W Rlchwda 811-0.. .... PTacfc 

8 RaiAflLEVYHZMrsABa0.8114L OHalan 

10 348 SIMBAO Lae 811-0 GHj*ar(4) 


345 WHITLEY CHAPB. SELLING HANDICAP 
HURDLE (£632: 2m) (9) 

1 342 FBIXSTOWE LAD (C-0JJH Jobnstm 7-11-10 


2 002- GLBi HAYEin R B Fcancta 7-11-7. 
5 000- PnVATELMn.| 

E 000 CUCKHAMLAO 




FI4LM811-1. 


OiaBbett ta8114» 
8 -Oil WOEOaqO Brennan 4-1810 (Sex)teHH 
■nra ROYAL VALEUR P J Bavan 8(8-8 J 


SBMRA.KStDM8100fl 
OfNBRXTMre A Bel 7-100. 


11 P08 TDPOrt ME CREAM J I Charton 811-0 -A Storey 

12 TOWER HOPE Mrs G itoniiy 8114) MrTSMR 

« BOHD BI PHO UtesM Bail 4-1812 -M H e eNi e r 

15 884 DAWN SPMTM CCtwamn 4-1 812 — SWcteN(7) 
17 IXMOKOHCSTIDMBMIlfiA) 1 Tlmtoul 4-1 W 2. 

24 «F- RAPDACTIONGM Moore 8184) and 

25 m- 


. TOM 
ASMnger 
Dttvaon 

LfBM^BOUGEK^B Chantey 8100 S Tamer(7) 
.' +% VJdeo, H-2Fa8*stowe Lad, 81 GlenMaya. 

4.15 GLACKHU. HANDICAP CHASE (£1 JB43: 2m 
41) (12) 


SAMOMA B EWBdnaon81M- 


P Dean* | 


27 082 TMA'S BRIG W W McGTie 81Q-S — MrX Aadaraon (7) 

28 LA ROSE GRBE .famy Ftagarald 8107 — M Dwyer 
2-1 TTna'a Brig. 81 Prime Stone, 4-1 La Rosefrlaa. 

Hexham selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Prime Stone. 2.4S St Colme. 3.15 


1 128 AliaLEA (QMtea M BNI 812-7. 

2 P44P MOSSY M OORE —Ml 

3 20-P pnmom^M 

4 118 SPWAlOMOSAMl 

5 1-0F STAND BAOCH 
I 6 12-2 GOWAN^to 
a P«- GLCRY9W 


.CQreat 


10 P08 WUjOMRSWR Brewia 18100- 


iKMOBwr 1811-12 

■GW rachank 811-1 . PTbeh 

IVtasan81813 N DaujaNhr 

WASuphaBsair8188 — RiSs 
WAStaphWW»7-103_ KJeaaa 
GW Hoiarde 18180_ J HaaN 


12 0PP- ICWGROVE LAD F Can 11-100 

14 241 OUR BARA BOY ffll MCCharwan 8104) S 

15 40F K A I O P M QO S O aawrai 8-foO. MB* 

16 an- PARK TOWER (qPMontatt 8104 D 




Song. 3.45 Video. 4.15 Gowan 
Frame Of Power. 5.15 Lynemore. 


House. 


81 Gowan House. I00to Prtmmwa Wbod. 4-1 ABarfaa, 

446 RISING SUN NOVICE HUR0L£(3-Y-O: £548: 

2m) (IQ) 

2 ■ B0UD DASH Mbs C came 1810 RCnafc 

4 0 DEE-TEE CPBtarliMO KDeelad 

FRAME OF POWB) Jhin^HtaaraU 1810^. Mlteyar 

LOCKAVICH Mss MB* 1810- Br 


245 LOADMAN NOVICE CHASE (£881: 2m) (Q) 

2 03-1 ST COLME G W Richards 811-12 PTbeh 

3 812 BUNRAWIOCH HOME (DMBF) BF Rahar 811 -10 , 

5 -FB2 ANSWER TO PHAYHtHWMton 7-11-5 STotoSSS 

8 /DP- MY WORD IS MY BOND Mis J GoodWtoar 811-6 

9 801 KBfTUCKY CALLMO IASS C Cvoe 811-0_ R Cra3 
Evens St Cobra, 7-4 Bunrannodi House. 15-2 Answer To 

Prayer. 181 Kentucky CSNng. 281 My Word hr My Bond. 

3.15 UNNELS HANDICAP HURDLE (£1^72: 2m) 

(ID 

2 OF1 BALUCHI 09 8 Praece 8120 (5md GLaodaafT) 

si 811-8 ffia* 


5 

fi 

8 

10 

12 

13 

14 
18 


4U SNOWHRE CHAP H Wharton 1810 — IYoMi 

4 TINAS LAD MCCtapran 1810 Sf 

P VAN DER PUP MaaZ Green 1840-: Ml 

001 BRAIVTON LYN D Lae 105 Gl 

L AM— TFSfctUSt 104 Cl 

TEA7TEGM Moore 185 MN 



8 1-01 SHARP 


(C-O) T FairtUSI 811-8 (Sex) 


4 1-22 TMGLEBaLff)3DXBF)GM Moore 8114 


6 404 R NANCY CD) H Wharton 811-1 - 

7 242 BATON MATCH (D) M C Chapman 87813 


l(D)Gf 

Denys Snath 8l0-9_ 
F Crump 4-188. 



2-1 Gowan Hooaa. 10040 Prtmroae Wood. 81 AHartoa. 

5.15 QRUNWICK STAKES NATIONAL HUNT FLAT 
RACE (£697: 2m) (18) 

1 8 ADFENP Latte 811-7 : — Mr AKkOay 

2 04- CONWOL BOY DMoHatt 811-7 Mrs J Medan 

4 U ORBAALFS DOUBLE P J Boon 811-7- IMA PWa 

0 HEAD COOK RBFnmds 8114 CCtreMy 

O PmeXETYWASupherann 811-7- Af J — 
TOhhMGTON WAMOR D TTodd 811-7 

bsHTWd(7) 
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■ tteahto s 
REnFSaorey 
)GWRfchanto ll-»3 

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17 01- HtQHT GUEST (8t^ P MonHKh 4-180 D Notan 

11-4 Baluchi. 7-2 Tingle BsA 82 Baton Match. 


lACBatoy 8104 
U3OYjC-0) 


11 

12 

13 

14 

15 
IB 

17 

19 

20 
21 

23 

24 


WALK WADE KM Oll wr 811-7. 

O0LDQ* POUBI W MM 
8 KANEUNGROCKPAMtoi 
■ mtSOAUE Mn M Bad 4-11-5 


08 ROSES SON MP Naujilon 4-11-5 ■ 
P Baaunora 811-2 


ALMOST COITAINP 



O MQNHLAS WIDE SJWBaa 811-2 RGanihrM 

8 0CT0BBI WOOOSCB Taylor 811-2 Mia STatoer ft) 

24 PArramY Mis GRereky 8n-2 DJacfcson(7) 

FEELMO RQ0EY HWhmoo 8114 Mr S Low 

8 LYNEMORE N F Crump 4-11-0 IfrNMh 

28 MACUSLA R Hawtay 4-114. 


134 Lynemore. 81 Macuria, 81 COmUBoy, 


Green Desert 
earns trip 
to California 


Green Desert is California 
bound after giving Miqbad 
Stoute his first Vernons Sprint 
Cup success at Haydock Park on 
Saturday. The Danzig colt's 
objective will be the Breeders' 
Cup Sprint at Santa Anita but he 
coukl have another race in the 
meantime. 

“It's nice to win this race," 
Stoute said, "as we have beat 
beaten in it several times with 
fancied horses like Vaigiy Great 
and Marwefl." 

Also victorious in the Free 
Handicap and July Cnp earlier 
this year. Green Desert win 
retire at the end of the season to 
the Shad well stud, which be- 
longs to his owner, Maktoum Al 


Barry Hips, who saddled Ori- 
ental Surprise, the surprise win- 
ner of the John Smith’s Brewery 
Handicap, had good news ofhis 
stable star. Sure Blade, wbo has 
not nm since beating Green 
Desert in the St James's Palace 
Stakes at Royal Ascot 

Sure Blade will reappear in 
the Queen Elizabeth D Stakes al 
Ascot at the end of this month 
before going for the Dubai 
Champion Stakes. 

Among Sore Blade's Ascot 
opponents will be Cliveden, 
winner of the Jersey Stakes ax 
the Royal meeting but also off 
the ■ course since. Cliveden’s 
owner, Anthony Speelman, 
whose Zofiany finished lame in 
last weekend's Arlington Mil- 
lion. enjoyed better fortune 
when Whitstable landed the 
Price Waterhouse Chertsey 
Lock Stakes at Kempton Park. 
The winner is a possible for 
Ascot's Royal Lodge Stakes. 


Saturday’s results 


HaydockPark 


Thtrsk 


GOLF 

Olazabal 
keeps the 
Spanish 
ball rolling 

From Mitchell Watts 
Cnn^Montuu 
Jose-Maria Olazabal cum or 
a ae five months before hts - Irt 
birthday when be won theEW 
European Masters on the Crans- 
Sur-Sierre course here yes- 
terday- Olazabal. the son of a 

SmSebastian gotf otuiw 

keeper, was carried shoulder 
bShoff the 18 th green by his 
Spanish compels, hum 

Quitos and Miguel 
following the first remarirabte 
win of what promises to be an 
outstanding career. 

Hcwaslocfccdraancxhdarafr 


>en championship 
but five Wrditti m 
succession from the I2th-accei- 
erated him clear of Ins rivals. 


ins encounter for the b«B«{. 

prae in European golf outside of 

the Op e ch,rt 

(£43,846); 
succession 
erased him uw «■ 

OtazabaTs last round o f 66 rave 
him a winning aggregate of26A 
which is 26 under bar, andbe 
won by three shots from Anueis 
Forsbrand (65), ofSwedra.Goi- 
don J Brand, wbo shared the 
third round lead with Olazabal, 
was compefled to hole putts tor 
birdies at each of the last two 
boles for a 71 to store third 
place with Ian Baker-Finch (69), 
of Australia, on 267. . 

On a normal day, Jose-Mana 
Cafazares, who scored 61. 
would have taken the honours 

but he came from too far backin 

the pack. But he was among the 
first to congratulate Olazabal 

who has now completed a highly 
successful transition from the 
ownatratr ranks. He won the 
British triple crown of Amateur 
Cup, boys' and youths 
championships before turning 
professional last year. Yet even 
as the winner of the tour sdiool 
last November, and in spite of 
earning £47.351 already this 
season, be squeezed into this 
championship only one week 
n pn when a place became avail- 
able. He might wefl have gained 
the spot forfeited fry his compa- 
triot Severiano Ballesteros, wbo 
chose to bypass the tournament. 

Caftizares the Euro- 

pean record for most birdies in 
one round by collecting II. It 
was here in 1978 that he ended 
one round with five consecutive 
birdies then began the next with 
six successive birdies and an 
eagle. He went out on that 
occasion in 27, equalling the 
world record score for nine 
holes, but his 61 yesterday fell 
one short of the European 18 
holes record, established by the 
Italian, Bakfovino Dassu, on 
this course in 1971. 

Low scores are inevitable here 
for although the Alpine course 
stretches 6,811 yards, the ball 
travels an extraordinar y, dis- 
tance in the ratified air, 5,000 ft 
above the Rhone VaBey. Ber- 
nard Gallacfaer was the only 
player junong the 65 hallway 
qualifiers to finish with Ian 
-aapepte in excess of the par of 
288 mid Sandy Lyle began the 
final round in 21 st place, 10 
strokes behind, in spite of three 
successive sub-70 scores. -He 
finished with the 66, which 
augurs wdl for his prospects in 
the Panasonic European Open 
which starts at Sunningdale on 
Thursday. 

Caftizares thoroughly de- 
served his 61. He struck the bell 
with tremendous authority, 
culminating with a' sand iron 
approach to the last where the 
ball lipped the hole for an eagle 
two. He had 29 putts, an 
inordinately high number, fin- a 

LEADMQ FMAL AGGREGATE SCORES 
— hMm itratei 2«£ 8M Otateaf 
64. 66, m. fi. 28Sfc A Forabrand 
. 69, 88, 83, BS. 2S7: 1 BaMr-Fhidi. 
7D. 03t B5: G Brand. 68. 05, 03. 71.* 
Rl^r^. 64. 66.68,70: H 


HI 


2.15 1. SpmM C atm (4-1 tevk 2. 

1 


ZA6 1.WddM tiMEGuA. 13< fin); 

Mystical Man (7-1); 3T Ikytor « Sottam 

-1). IT ran. 




Z4S1, 


_ - — ttfi 4 . 1 L 16 ran. 

■ ririo 4 al bets, deduetton 20p 


(381): 2. On Yoor 
-Ik 3, Baton Leadsr (4-1). 

~s Fnt 


to*. 18 ran. NR: 
Avenue. Vatyan Bay. 

A46 1. WRd Ho|M 
Wo I - 
Ron 

Kempton Park 


Glauudui I 
3-lSl.AI 
Ik; 3 . Sun £, 

(lELSnn. 

£45 1.Bhw Gator (3-1 to^ZBoUSaa 
RDwr (181k 3, Oresta Auction (7-3). 9 
van. 


ua. Verwi Bay. 4.151, NtfvaCtmno-Tk^Copw 


MlgHyBoMI 


1.20 1 . Whtotatee fM tovfc 2 . 
Routfnyd (t81):3. Artful Dodgar (4-1). 19 
mi NR: FratosMs* 

U0 1. Stedn Of 
On«inSiluaaon(124k3, 

2X 4, Rwt Brigodo 
tov. 18 ran. 

2J0 1, Stotoly Form (81k2, toand S«t 
(4-1); a, Corwkwad (7-4). varart 82 fw. 7 
tan. 

24P0 1, Ttatas IBn (7-4 tea); 2, Ran* 
Memories (3-1): 3, Golden Ptauura (8-1). 
11 ran. 

3J0 1, SyM FMhr (181t 2, Rmim 
(14-1 k 3. Useful (81)/Tras Nora 81 tov. 
IS ran. NR: Kharnna. 

3J0 1. TTmiMystray (11-2 JWSnri; 2. 
Stongt Vah (9-1): 3, Straight Ihnteni. 
2 Lfa Man. TonpflEi To 3 sedfh 2 8 
ton. 11 ran. NR: long's GrastL 
4JO 1. Spring HUH (114 twt 2. 
Rusting fiO-lfca Specto Guest(l8l); 4. 
daman 081). 21 ran 


Bnfjpna 81 jMw. 15 ran. 

Stratford 

230 1, Ftari Wondar (81k 2, SMabWfl 
(8* WU 3. Gold Hunter (81). 7 nUR 
Way Wren. 

X0 1, GwA (745;Z Ttohana S4 tort; 
Cart Dttck»8m.1)L 10 ran. Nr 

130 1 .SrinoToSiiSp-l WkZUm 

Sloop fM* 3,-Ttortiatoic (81). liran. 

4JJ 1, L an d a raeno e (1W- to* 2. 
Gratification (94£3. ViNtoy Jntaa (9-^. 9 
ran. 

430 1, Noble VBdng (7- it 2. 
AdamsiDVin (2-5 tov): 3. Ski fl,-: (g-T). 12 
ran. 

S3 1. Ttoranea fMflfc 2, UOe TlnouUli 
(581k 3. Lucytor (9-1L Maranzr 81 tov. 9 
ran. NR: WMsti Oak. wtagbum. 

530 1 , Parang (7-* to^2.New Romray 
01-4* 1 Messatine (8*L u ran. Mt 
Unhoa Peto COW. Market Run. 


Leaders on die Fiat 

TRAINERS 


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84 56 27 1 

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to 

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RCocteane 64 K 51 

T l*OS ' §4 73 ST 

G Starker 64 43 31 


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Course specialists 

NOTTINGHAM 

TBAMGRS; H GnriL 36 winners from 77 

runners. 49 jM6c J SiricSHe.' 8 tom 28. 

TBJBHi M Stauta.21 tom 88. 24A%. 
JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery, 25 emms trom 

116ridss l 2l£%;SC4UttMn.29tram16Q. 

18.1%iGOuM0M.26(lran171. 152%. 

HEXHAM . 

TltMCMfc J flugaald, 8 erinrw* tom 

24 rantn, 332%: PMonWtt. 6 from 24, 

25mtoGRWwrd*. 19 tome, 22M. 

JOCKEYS: J Hansen. 8 wimera from 32 

rides. SSJHs N Deughty, 12 from S3, 

Blinkered first time 

. NOTTMCHAM; 230 Bwifty Dm 320 
|_MBL Tenet:- 4-O Ledy Sophie^ 430 
QmUBtepiras Best, fU Da EoWk 5 j0 
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Armour Ffjya. 71, 68. 64. 65: MMcNidto 

B8. irt: D WMtorw. & 

M. 67. 89. 272: R Comototo (USL MVW. ” 


08i6& l 67 l fi9;G Brand iaras 

as aoBcataaMa 

Marshall 

humbles 

experts 

By JolmHemiessy ' 

The unanimous opinion of a 
group of caddies, a body of men 
who know all there is to know 
about golf and golfers of course, 
was that Meredith Marshall, the 
overnight leader of the Bowring 
Scottish women's ■ open 
championship still would not 
win the title: For all her five- 
strokes lead after three rounds at 
Dalmahoy she jua did not have 

the form. 

The following day the Ameri- 
can. aged 29, triumpantiy 
proved them wrong, along with 
many others, for to be fair to 
caddies, the denizens of the 
Press box suffer from the same 
deJusioiis of omniscfeoce. But it 
did seem that a player of Miss 
ManhalTs fragile record ^ would 

surrender to the attack of one or 

more of the four players lying 
second, all with much more 
impressive credentials. 

After aU, die has never won a 
tournament in three seasons 
here, and her best finish thiy 
year, until Saturday, wasa share 
O f elev enth place, her next best, 
a stare of iwiwtrami!. fa the 
previous tournament she did 
not even survive to the last day. 
But she made a mockery of the 
statistics on Saturday with an- 
other superb round over a 
couire tosking in unwonted 
suns hine out soil protected by a 
swmg wind. She showed no sum 
of we akening, no hint of the 

pressure affixting her fluent 
swing and sure putting touch. ‘ 

It was, i nd eed, her vaunted 
pursuers who faded, so that 
Miss Marshall foal & 5> n by 

seven strokes going away, with a 

nu! t gr^ Sr ?il 0fle “"tier par. 

W1AL SCORES (British untocs 
»MMtoihM( 1 ^.7i. 7 g5Tl S gg°P 
I®- «L 73. 2tb8 Sawftwcte, 
S3 «ow, 72. 75. 

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— ~ THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 i 

F OOTBALL: THE AGEIN G LIMBS OF THEIR PLAYER-MANAGER PROP UP LIVERPOOL WHO IN TURN PROP UP THE TABLE-TOPPING WIMBLEDON 

Hodges 
keeps the 
fairytale 
running 

By Vince Wright 

Watford . I 

Wimbledon ' 


SPORT 


Dalglish’s dilemma is 
whether or not to 
use his own two legs 

RuCl " 


ATHLETICS 




• AV?'-} 


West Ham United are by. interval Hooper’s wild flap, 
now accustomed to the lactic. reminiscent of Grobbdaar, 


Football Comfinmui»* West Ham United are by. interval Hooper’s wild flap, 

jwnoent now accustomed to the tactic. reminiscent of Grobbdaar, 

West Ham iinhnw "T of their five opponents, allowed. Cottee to mark his 

Livamnnt unnoa --~ 2 so. far have employed it to England call-up but the trickle 

tpoa. WH M M fa , —. 5 combat tho considerable of West Ham mistakes be- 

To ntnv i “>reat posed by Cotxee and came a waterfall. Dalglish 

is the aSstion 3 i£t 1 S22s TI,at *J? Aveni1 *- Althoogh Devon- scored twice with the aid of 

^ !«s “ot there to spread deflections and Rush added 
of the Sl^n^? SfL^eas on the left flank, the other with the densest 
Kennv n ^^Uh° f H^ eip0trf ’ w *rd and Stewart combined drive of the afternoon. - 
dSaTSE ssJjLSE ■ <° offer them » dangerous -The masio flatten' 
can no the nghL They Dalglish conceded. “We 

^SSSSSXSSffS fo !? wcdrtlotakcthelead - «’ I £2? 

but modest though be lThe Nor was Stewart’s penalty, wimout Kiting my reward, 
cannot deny the iSnenceilSt ? warded ^ Gillespie had But constdenng that we won 
they cany around^hf beat bemused by the control the double start seam rm 
division arenas. “* and speed of Cottee, their lone pleased with the attitude of the 

rariy strike. But then Hansen taW? 


Kennv rvjurici, „ . «ara ana aiewan comennea 

but; modest though be Is, he 

cannot deny the iSuencethat GUIespje had 

they carry around thi. fir« beat bemused by the control 





they cany around the first 
di vision arenas. 

Last season, during which 
he happened to divide his 
contribution on and off the 
pilch into two equal halves, 
the evidence was overwhelno- 
- ing. In his absence Liverpool 


. cv'Qpjice .was overwhelm- stepped on to partner Rush. 

1m: c^SSS^^V 1 ^? 005 John Lyall, WeirtHam's man- 

oS fi ^ tu ?5 s ager, admitted tbar*it was the 

and dropped -6 points. In his worst thing tha t could have 

nrpcotu^fhMMiinn U ‘ “ 


and speed of Cottee, their lone pleased with the attitude of the 
early strike. But then Hansen players. They are still hungry 
departed and Liverpool’s and ambitious". He added 
formation became more con- ominously that he expects 
ventionaL Whelan retreated Nicd and Grobbelaar to be 
into midfield and Dalglish available again before kmg. 


happened". 

At once the balance shifted, 
not substantially but enough 


So, more significantly, will 
Walsh. He began t raining last 
week. Dalglish preferred not 
to set a date for the return of 
the comparative youngster “I 
don't want to put press ur e cm 
him or disappoint him if be 
doesn't make it”. -Yet 


ltut ^UUMOUUdUV UUI CUUUKU 

to lift Liveipod into couten- do csn t make it”. *Yet 
tion. After ’ Whelan, who is Liverpool’s manager is aware 
more effective when he strikes of the unpticauon, even if be 
from the deep, equalized from does not admit readily to it 

a ll»f mnwinul "t T_*:i n/.L.k (U. 


a position that surprised even 
himself the gap became grad- 


Until Walsh is available for 
selection Dalglish wiD remain 


p^oethey wtm !*«** SSSJSK ^ ' SSSStaSSE 2 ! 

. picked asSSu At once the balance staffed, don't want to put pressure on 

SedMmmonshS not substantially but enough him or disappoint him if be 

pj nsnip. to lift Liverpool into content- doesnt make it . -Yet 

This season, the pattern has tion. After Whelan, who is Lrverpoors manager is aware 
continued. Take last week as more effective when he strikes unptication, even if be 

an example. On Wednesday from the deep, equalized from does not admit readily to it. 
he persuaded himself to come a position that surprised even Until Walsh is available for 
®P tor “* e closing minutes at himsel£ the gap became grad- selection Dalglish will remain 
“Ibcn Street and almost im- nafly- wider. In the end it in a dilemna. He must be 
mediately 'scored a spectacular represented a huge chasm into prepared either to go on 
goal to reduce Leicester City's which West Ham un- running around on his 
Jrad. On Saturday he had no characteristically pushed legstwice a week or to face the 
. choice but to make an earlier themselves. prospect of seeing Liverpool 

entrance at Upton Park and *»*y e had the w*-nnrf h«t perform less convincingly. For 

aramaiic. season,” Lyafl pointed ® e ‘ OI ^8 s to someone else; 

Before Hansen pulled a out “Yet we have conceded Shortd Andy Roxbmgh invite 
hamstring, an. injury that six goals at home this week, tom to play for Ssnland on 
forced him to withdraw from The attacking part of our game Wednesday? ’ 1 Dalglish has 
the Scottish squad, Liverpool is reasonable but we are giving saved himself just mease . 
were in trouble. Dalglish had the ball away. Against tome west ham UNITED: P Parkas; R 
decided to build a fortress sides you might not be pun- 

on the sideline, be watched it providing entertaining games ■ LIVERPOOL: M Hooper B venison, 
crumble alarmingly within the but our resilience must J G GHevie. R Whelan, a 



The fall of Parris: Dalglhh has too much spring in his step for the West Ham defender 


nafly- wider. In the end it in a dilemna. He must be 
represented a huge chasm into prepared either to go on 
which West Ham had un- running around on his ageing 
characteristically pushed -legs twice a week or to free the 
themselves. prospect of seeing Liverpool 

“We had the second best Inform less conwncinfo For 


defence in the first division 
last season,” Lyall pointed 
out “Yet we have conceded 


the moment, the decision 
belongs to someone else. 
Should Andy Roxburgh invite 
him to play for Scotland on 


decided to build a fortress 
around his three recognized 
central defenders but, as he sat 
on the sideline, be watched it 
crumble alarmingly within the 
opening quarter of an hour. 
The sweeeper system was 
itself being swept aside. 

United on 
top in the 
Tay derby 

By Hugh Taylor 

; A convincing victory over 
their Tayside neighbours en- 
abled Pondee Unlted to extend 
their unbeaten run oo Satiudw 
and remain tgp of iKe_£k»ttish 
: premier dmsiott£vtm ’ without 
regular forwards, Starrock .and 
• Ferguson!, they were tooaccom- 
pflshed for Dmatec at Dens Park 
and treated the crowd of 12,000 
to a display of superb fbotbaH 
Goals from Milne (penalty) and 
Bannon secured their 2-0 vic- 
tory. 

Celtic moved into second 
place with an easy 4-1 victory 
over the luckless Hamilton 
Academicals, who remain with- 
out'a point. The unpredictable 
Mclnally of Celtic netted three 
times in the first 33 minutes. 
Johnston scored the other goal 
apd McKee was the Hamilton 
- marksman. 

Heart of Midlothian continue 
to climb with a 2*1 win over 
Clydebank, but had to rely on a 
late winning goal from Macfcay. 
Clydebank’s Gordon scored, m 
nine minutes, Foster equalizing 
after 66 minutes. 

Goals from Cooper and 
-McPherson gave Rangers a 2-0 
victory over Motherwell at Fir 
.Park, Rangers’ new. more 
thoughtful style of play is start- 
ing to impress now that Souness 
has found bis okl form. 

Aberdeen, beset by injuries, 
were fortunate to take a point in 
their I-i draw with revitalized 
St Mirren at Paisley. 
Goal keeping errors led to scorest 
by Stark for the visitors and' 
the Saints. 


improve. 

Johnston took advantage of 
their first error soon after the 


Stewart G Parris. A Gale, A Martin. 
G PHce (sub: K Keen). M Ward, F 
JUtcAvonmo, A Dickons, A CottM, N 
Orr. 

LIVERPOOL: M Hooper: 8 VMson. 
J Begfln. G Gltemie. R Whelan. A 
Hanson (subc K Daigfch), K Mac- 
Donald. C Johnston. I Rush. M 
Lawnsnson, S McMahon. . 
RetareesJ Martin. 


Hard-earned draw 
placates critics 


By Simon Jones 

Leicester City — — — 1 
Manchester United 1 

The battery of telephoto 
Jenses aimed at the Manchester 
.lUmled dug-out on -Saturday 
made it dear where the focus of- 
attention was at Filbert Street. 
For the United manager, . Ron 
Atkinson, it was going to be a 
difficult day. 

After half an hour, the motor- 
drives whirred into action as 
Leicester took the lead with 
a picture goaL-A smart break 
from defence ended with Kelly 
astutely chipping over the 
United goalkeeper, Tomer, 
from the angle of the penalty 
area. Atkinson’s expression, as 
he nude for the tunnel at the 
interval, matched his un- 
characteristically sombre suit 

Whatever the United man- 
met said to his team, it was 
effective. Six minutes after the 
restart, they drew level, 
Sivebaek centering perfectly to 
the for post where Whiteside, 
wbo had previously been anony- 
mous, bludgeoned in a textbook 
header. 

Atkinson deserves credit for 
his decision to bring in Hogg 
and, particularly, Sivebaek. n 
the Danish international had 

y nnnagpd U> finish bis thlUStS Up 

the right flank with more of the 
kind of crosses' that led to 
Whiteside's goal then United's 
run of three successive defeats 
wonld certainly have ended with 
a victory. _ . 

In foct the Leicester City 
manager, Bryan Hamilton, was 
so worried by Sivebaek's in-. 




sr s 


PWDi 
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5 3 t 1 
5 3 11 
5311 
5 2 3 0 

4 2 2 0 
5221 

5 2 2 1 
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5 113 
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12 ID B 

5 5 5 
4 4 5 

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6 5 4 

3 8 4 

2 6 3 

5 10 3 

3 8 2 
3 6 1 




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PW D L 
5 4 10 

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4 2 2 0 

5 2 2 1 
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6 4 9 

5 18 

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3 5 7 
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I ' rr b ' J '' :** ^ 








it il 


flnence on the game that im- 
mediately after United had 
equalized he brou g h t on Ranks 
to reinforce the left side of his 
midfield. He said, with a wry 
smile, that he had done it **30 
seconds loo late.” Yet the 
.wisdom of the- change -was 
questionable. 

The substitute undeniably did 
hdp to stifle the Dane, but the 
absence of Sealy, the player who 
had been replaced, meant dial 
the Leicester centre forward. 
Smith, was too often deprived of 
support. Consequently, United 
suddenly started to gain much 
more possession, as Leicester 
found it difficult to bold the ball 
in advanced positions. 

In general, though, Leicester 
played with freedom and intelfi- 
geace, occasionally delighting in 
the unorthodox. But their lack 
of stamina might have been 
their downfefl. 

For the last 20 minutes, 
Untied's- press ure grew ever 
more insistent Had Stapleton's 
header not rebounded from a 
post, their manager would have 
left- the ground in a happier 
state. His team are still bottom 
of the first division, but at least 
they now have a point and the 
news that Bryan Robson had 
come through an A team match 
at Evenon without any reaction 
from his problem shoulder must 
have cheered him upi . 

LEI C E S TER CTTY: 1 Andrews; P U i mw . 
M Vans, R Osman. 8 WUritTs 
McAtotor.R KsSy. A SotiyOutirl Banks). 
A Smith. I WBson. S Moman. 


Q Stractan, M 
T QBan (h4k P 


Chelsea 
upset 
TV plans 

By Nicholas Hailing 

Chelsea — 1 

Luton Town 3 

At this rate, 1TV are going to 
have a relegation buttle on their 
hands when live televised foot- 
ball ret urns to the scr ee us on 
September 28 with Chelsea’s 
visit to Manchester United, and 
not the championship issue they 
must have envisaged. StiD, John 
Hollins, surprisingly chirpy for 
the tnanay r of a Chelsea team 
with out a win, can afford to look 
ou the bright side. 

“We’ve been in a worse 
position,” he said, recalling last 
Easter when West Ham United 
and Queen’s Park Rangers be- 
tween them ruined his holiday. 
Chelsea climbed out of Oat 
particular hole and no doubt 
things will improve this time. 

For there can have been few 
more unlucky goals conceded 
than those with which Chelsea 
lost the lead given them by 
' Dixon’s looping header on 
Saturday. 

A deflection sent a speculative 
shot by Newell past Godden just 
before half-time, and then the 
same Luton forward benefited 
from a collision between Pates 
and Millar to hit the 
secondThat mix-up also de- 
prived Chelsea of rates with a 
bruise in tire kidneys after they 
had used their substitute for the 
previously-injured Bumstead. 

Luton's thud goal, from Stein 
slotting in Wilson's cross, was 
normal enough. 

It will take more than a 
change of luck to fiD those 
empty seats, however, for this 
was the kind of match that had 
one browsing through the 
programme. 

At least, Ken Bates’s column 
makes in teres ti ng reading. This 
time the Chelsea chairman was 
on about dirty play and what a 
victim the poor boy Speedie was 
in the match at Oxford United, 
wbtdi was a bit rich considering 
that the volatile Scot had started 
this game with an ugly lunge on 
Johnson, then had a set-to with 
Nicholas and let Dooaahy feel 
the sharp edge of bis elbow, as 
the whistle wait for half time. 

As if that was not enough, 
Speedie only just thought better 
of taking on Foster, headband 
and aO, early in the seoond half. 

Still, be obviously means wdL 
So, too, does Dixon. Apart from 
bis goal he also struck the bar 
CHELSEA; A GoddME D Wood, J Mbr. j 
BunntoadtaotcGItetai.JMcLaughln.C 
Puts*. P Stovtn. N Spockman. K Doan, D 
SOBMfe. J MUfDilV- 

LUTONTOWeLSMby: R Johnson. A 
Grtves. P Nichoiw. S Fostor, M 
H HU, B Stain. M Nawafl. R Maori t 

-■ -J— »-T 

NwaanoL 

RafanwR Mfonl 


Fourth division " 


PW D L F APB 
3 2 10 B 1 7 

3 2 1 0 4 1 7 

3 2 1 0 5 3 7 
3 2 10 a 3 7 
3201 8 3 8 
3 1 2 0 5 3 5 
3 1 2 0 4 3 5 
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3 111 8 5 4 
3 111 3 2 4 

3 111 4 4 4 
3 111 3 3 4 
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3111 2 3 4 
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I .■>.« ' An !« i " * 1 J 1 ”". *■ t f 4 O ' - 1 


3. South* 0: Cfty 2: Plymouth Aigyle 3. Wtocma®®?- 


A self-destructiye 
piggy-in-middle 


By Oive White 
Tottenham Hotspur 0 

This was a match that had all 
the ingredients— in theory. Two 
teams given licence by their 
new, pr ogressive young man- 
agers to attack, the fresh op- 
timism instilled by those 
managers and players, ■ 44,000 
crowd and perfect playing con- 
ditions. But. like bad may- 
onnaise, it was all whisked too 
fast. 

Local derbies, by their very 
nature, are seUklestructive; too 
much motivation and brawn, 
not enough composure and 
brains. This season, in and 
around London,- there are 72 
derbies in the first division 
alone. And this one is generally 
regarded as the biggest, thank- 
fully, rarefy as thebest It did 
not augur well, though, for 
Loudon derbies. 

Geoige Graham, the Arsenal 
manager, who seemed rather 
s ur pri se d for someone who has 
played in a few, remarked: “1 
hope that's not the start of 
something that’s going to con- 
tinue to the detriment of Lon- 
don football. That’s the poorest 
we've played.” Even his op- 
posite number, David Pleat, 
who has seen it all before from 
the bench, was lost for a few of 
his normally well-chosen words. 
“If you were an optimist you 
could see a goal coming,” he 
said. 

Cynics would say that there 
was nothing about either 
managers disappointment that 
three points would not have put 
right. But one senses that both 
men want more than success 
from their job. They both want 
to entertain. 


Still, there were few positive 
signs for both managers. Pleat 
took some pleasure in the 1 0- 
mjnute performance of his sub- 
stitute. Ardiles, who having 
been unceremoniously bundled 
over three times seconds after he 
stepped onto the field, got up to 
demonstrate that there were 
qualities in the game other than 
being able to hurtle around the 
field for 90 minutes in a super- 
charged version of ouurvMn-the- 
raiddle. Ardiles would have 
been pleased to bear Pleat say: 
“I shall have to watch him some 
more.” 

But it was Englishmen and 
Scotsmen who were under the 
microscope with Bobby Robson 
and Andy Roxburgh, the respec- 
tive managers of England and. 
Scotland, present to as s e s s can- 
didates for this week's inter- 
nationals. Robson win have 
been delighted with Waddle's 
effort and dribbling, if not his 
crosang, while Thomas showed 
that bis game still needs some 
refinemenL It was not, of 
course, Hoddle's scene, though 
Robson may have been drs- 
- appointed that here at least was 
someone who should have been 
able to put his foot on the bafl. 

Stevens and Anderson did 
their hopes no harm, Allen no 
good. Ins marker, Adams, of 
Arsenal, is defiuitely onc for the 
not-too-distam future and Stew- 
art Robson one for sooner. 
Roxburgh received conforma- 
tion of Gough's good form, but 
if McAvennie has failed to 
please him he will not have been 
enthused by Nicholas. 

ARSENAL; J LuUc; V Andaraon. K 


TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR: R Ctommcs; G 

Stsvans. M Themn. G Rotwrts, R Gouglw 

G Mabtautt. C Alan, M FUco tate O 
Annas), C WWdte. G Hoddto, A GMl 
R riaraacAGun. 


Those wbo say that Wimble- 
don lack the class to prosper 
in the first division will not have 

changed their minds after 
watching this sterile encounter 
at Vicarage Road. However, 
others more sympathetic to 
Wimbledon’s direct style of 
football will see these latest 
three points as further proof that 
the long ball game pays. 

Although a fast minute goal 
by Hodges, which owed more to 
luck than skill, flattered 
Wimbledon it gave them their 
fourth consecutive victory as 
well as enabling them to stretch 
their lead at the top to two 
points. 

So the fairytale continues. 
Wimbledon’s next opponents, 
Evenon, may bring than back 
down to canh, but such is the 
confidence of the manager, 
Dave Bassett, and his pfeyers 
that I would not bank on it. 
There is widespread disapproval 
of Wimbledon's tactics but it is 
worth remembering that Ips- 
wich Town, who used to be just 
as unfashionable, won the 
League championship ax their 
first attempt 24 years ago. 

Ipswich's use of a withdrawn 
winger, namely Leadbetter, at- 
tracted much criticism. 
Wimbledon’s habit of bypassing 
mid-field is also unpopular but 
why should they change a 
system which has been in- 
strumental in their rise from the 
Southern League to pole po- 
sition in the first division.? 

Wimbledon will be delighted 
to emulate the achievement of 
the team they beat on Saturday. 
Watford's peak season was 
1982-83 when they finished 
runners-up to Liverpool but 
they have gone backwards since 
then. Graham Taylor, the Wat- 
ford manager, is a Wimbledon 
admirer, which is hardly 
surprising considering that his 
team's success was based on a 
similar philosophy. 

“They are much more than an 

% and under side,” he said. 
iey are well-organized, play 

to their strengths and are far 
better than people give them 
credit for. It would be foolish of 
anybody to underestimate 
them. I think they win finish in 
the top half of the table.” 

Fashanu, who was watched by 
Arsenal's youth team coach, Pat 
Rice, used his speed and power 
to unsettle Watford but 
Wimbledon rarely looked like 
scoring. Fortunately for them 
Watford were just as toothless. 

The second half was as barren 
as the fits? and a goal was the 
last thing that anybody ex- 
pected. Hodges confounded us 
all by collecting a rebound off 
Richardson and squeezing the 
ball made Coton's far post. 

WATFDMk A Coton; R FranMn. W 
Rostron. K Richardson, S Tarty. J 
McClelland. D Baretsl ay, L BSsaatt. J 
Banwe. K JacftMt WStorino. 
WMBLEDON: D Bmsant: A Thom . N 
Wrt 0 rtun.SGa*Bre.M Motris. MSntih, 
DWfea. K Gage, J Fashanu, LSanchaz, G 
1 kxtoiw. 

RafMM: V Csdiow. 


By Cliff Temple 
John Gladwin, the Coa u moo- 
weahh Games 1*500 metres 
silver medal winner, wan the 
Peugeot Talbot mfle in West- 
minster yesterday, beating John 

Walker of New Zealand brio 
second place in 3nh 57 .6s e c . 
Gladwin, always fa the front 
group on the rirenit aimed 
Westminster, bad too ntnch 
speed for the former Otynqnc 
1*500 metres champion over the 
last 300 yards down WhitehaB. 
Gladwin's consistency and 
this season hare te n d ed 


interest fa Sebastian Coe and 
Steve Cram, hot that pay have 
been to his benefit as he is 
sucked along by them tnw a n fa 1 
world class status fa a ii n |hr 
way to that in which Cnm 
himself was drawn along behind 
Che and Steve Ovett half a dozen 


years ago. 

Gladwin, aged 23. a sports 
shop assistant from Wi mb led— 
who worked uotff ittewly fa 
nearby Caveat Garden and wd 
to tram — part of y es ter da y's 
coarse along the Victoria 
pmKjiibmtuit , h— be— thereof 
thereabouts all season. 

Apart from his second plaee to 
Cram fa Edinburgh, he was fifth 
in the European 1.500 mstoep 


final in Stntmart earlier this 
mouth and fourth, again to 
Cram, fa Brussels on Friday 
night The long seas— is taking 
its tolL “I spent all of Satwdsy 
steeping,” be ad m i t t ed . Bat lie 
had recovered sufficient energ y 
to show the small field the way 
home. 

Mark Rowland, of Phoenix 
Athletic Chib, was third fa 3<ato 
59-Oscc, half a second ahead at 
European &000 metres cham- 
pion Jack Buckner ( J a afa 
59-5sec). The European 
metres bronze medal winner, 
Tim Hatchings, was sixth fa 
4 mm OO.lsec while David 
Moorcroft was disappointed 
with his thirteenth place in 4asfa 
Q3.8sec. 

In the women's race, Kirsty 
Wade scored a second victory 
over the Olympic 3,» metres 
champion, Maricica Pnicn, 
within 48 hoars. Mrs Wade is 
still trying to forget die night- 
mare of her European LS80 
metres final in which she wss 
blatantly poshed out of conten- 
tion. “Although the race fa 
Stattgsrt was the one which 
really m attere d this season, 
these two victories, fa Brands 
and here, have at least helped 
me to show that I wss very fit at 
the time which mattered,” she 
said. 


BOXING 


Tyson and 

a rebound off 1 SpU&S 

may clash 


Gamer has McMenemy speechless 


Lawrie McMenemy, normally 
the most eloquent of football 
managers, had little to say after 
his Saurierlaad team bad 
crashed to a 6-1 defeat at 
Blackburn Borax for whom 
Simon Garner fait four goals. 

. A small knot of Sunderland 
supporters, who had seen then- 
team go out of the Lhtlewoods 
Cup at York City in midweek, 
stayed outside the ground and 
booed McMenemy as he 
boarded the team coach for the 
return journey. McMenemy re- 
fused to comment, saying: 
“Surely you have enough to 
write about?" 

Chariton Athletic seem to be 
facing a long, hard winter if they 
are to survive in the first 
division. Beaten 2-1 at home by 
Norwich City, their second 
successive home defeat in four 


division 


days, Chariton gave away a late 
goal to leave them with onfo one 
point from their three home 
games. Their manager, Law- 
rence, said: “There is obviously 
some rebuilding of the team to 
be done, and we need to act 
quidd^We desperately need 

Aizlewood gave Chariton a 
first minute lead but Drinkefl 
equalized six minutes later and 
Williams scored a late winner. 

Two goals in three minutes, 
from Aldridge and Leworthy. 
the substitute, brought Oxford 
United's first victory of the 
season, 2-1 at Aston Villa, who 
pulled one back after 84 minutes 
with a penalty from Stamrod. 

Two goals by Webb, taking to 
five his tally for the season, 
sparked Nottingham Forest's 

win by 3-1, the third coming 


Seotfish first dmsion 


3 BracHneay 1 
1 Morton 0 

1 Onio n otBUi 1 

1 Duofontow 2 

PW D L F A Pts 
6 4 2 0 9 2 10 

5 5 0 1 9 5 10 

6 4 0 2 11 5 8 

6 2 4 0 6 3 0 
6 2 3 1 12 12 7 
6 2 2 2 8 7 6 
6 2 1 3 12 10 5 
6 2 1 3 10 9 5 

6 1 3 2 7 9 5 
6 0 4 2 4 9 4 

6 0 3 3 4 8 3 
6 0 1 5 3 15 1 


through Birtks after Clarke, the 
first division's leading scorer, 
bad threatened a Sout hamp ton 
revival four minutes earlier with 
his sixth goal. 

Two-goal scorers in the sec- 
ond division were Ron Fincher 
for Oldham Athletic who main- 
tained their second division 
leadership with a 3-0 win at 
Bradford City, Cooper for Plym- 
outh Argyte in the 3-0 win at 
HnD City and Quinn for Ports- 
mouth, 2-0 winners at Barnsley. 


mouth, 2-0 winners at Barnsley. 

Derby County ended Crystal 
Palace’s 100 per cent record 
with a 79th minute penalty and 
a Bremner goal after 49 minutes 
earned Bir mingh a m City a point 
at Sheffield United despite 
Whitton being sent off for his 
second bookable offence after 65 
minutes, three minutes after the 
United substitute, Steve Foley, 
had equalized. 


Scottish second division 




| ■ i i l, m iit H' mmIM i jjri Mdlff fll r '-n itt'n^ 


PW D L 
5 5 0 0 
5 4 10 
5 2 3 0 
5 3 11 
5 2 2 1 
5 3 0 2 
5 3 0 2 
5 12 2 
5 113 
5 0 3 2 
5 113 
5 0 2 3 
5 1 D 4 
5 10 4 


r A Pts 
11 4 ID 

8 0 9 

9 3 7 

7 2 7 
10 6 6 

8 7 6 
7 9 6 
5 6 4 
5 7 3 

3 7 3 

4 9 3 

5 10 2 
2 7 2 
7 15 2 






Las Vegas (Reuter) — The un- 
defeated American heavy- 
weights, Michael Spinks and 
Mike Tyson, moved along 
smoothly toward a possible 
world championship unification 
bout by stopping o v e r m at c hed 
opponents inside the distance at 
the weekend. Spinks beat 
Steffen Tangstad, of Norway, in 
four rounds: Tyson destroyed 
Alonzo Ratliff, of United States, 
in two. 

Spinks, the International Box- 
ing Federation (IBF) champion, 
now meets the winner of a 
World Boxing Assotiatioa- 
Worid Boxing Council unifica- 
tion bout. Tyson earned a shot 
at the WBC champion, Trevor 
Berbick. of Canada, in 
November. 

Spinks knocked down 
Tangstad three times before the 
referee, Richard Steele, halted 
the bout. Early in the fourth, the 

30-year-old Spinks, who 
weighed 2011b, dropped 
Tangstad. 214% lb, with a right 
to the head. Tangstad struggled 
to his feet but moments later, 
Spinks flattened him with a left 
book to the head. 

Bobby Czyz, of United States, 
took away the Yugoslav 
Slobodan Kacaris IBF fight- 
heavyweight title when the ref- 
eree stopped the bout in the fifth 
round. 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


' FOOTBALL 

(7.30 unless stated} 

QM VAUXHALL CONFERENCE: Dao- 
■ttfflv Boston. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Piwniar dhWOK 
CtmknsloRJ v Btowotft ; Corny v 
Ahnctwretu 

MULTIPART LEAGUES MOSStOV V RtNL 
VAUXHALL -OPS. lEAOUte SMmdlt* 
vision north: VawhaH Motors v Wol- 
varton. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: First tfcMIsu: 
Lamm * Loads (7 jog Manetoaar Oty v 
MkfcflsmrouQh (549. 
souniEmrjUNKM floodlit cup: 
Hist nandb Bourasmouth v Qustn's park 
Rangers: IMml v Chariton (7.0* wgs- 
tgn v Chehea (7.15k Cotctostor v 


. 


o 1 y ? .MV ** c to 

















CRICKET 

Brin Dawos Trophy final 

CHELMSFORD: Esswc H v Northampton- 
shfi KL 

OTHER SPORT 










Marie? 9 


W HsdkpMl J2 


^ 4- ^ 4 -TS a fe a - ' jua; 


0 HartoquJns St, 


BARCLAYS 

WORLD OF 
CRICKET 


The Game from A-Z 
Ed. E. W. Swanton, George Plump tre and 
John Woodcock 

A new and revised edition of fins mighty ^ volume, 
published to coincide with the Bicentenary of MCC 

It Towers above aQ other works of 
cricket reference.* John Arlott, Wisden 

cqluns willow £25.00 736 pages asofflnstratians 




























28 


SPORT 


TOE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


CRICKET: ELECTRIC INNINGS 1MTHE GLOOM BY SUSSEX PAIR AS THEY WIN NATWEST TROPY 


Parker makes 
late claim 
for place in 
tour party 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 


One of the less exciting one- 
day finals ended in Sussex 
winning the NaiWest Trophy 
at Lord's on Saturday by 
seven wickets and with more 
to spare than 10 balls may 
suggest. Needing 243 to beat 
Lancashire they batted very 
well in getting them. 

Lancashire, after being put 


The amount of cricket lost in 
the championship ■ through 
stoppage for bad light, when 
really It is good enough for 
batting against all but the 
fastest bowling, hardly beats 
thinking about. 

On Saturday, opaque 
though it was, Paul Parker still 
played exceptionally welL 


in. began promisingly, Fowler From the moment he came in, 


and Mendis Teaching SO in 
only 13 overs. They then lost 
three quick and crucial wick- 
ets. including that of Clive 
Lloyd, leg before to Dennot 
Reeve for nought . For still 
managing to leave Sussex a 
higher total than anyone bat- 
ting second had ever made to 


LANCASHIRE 
G D Mends Bw b Heave . 


G Fowtor c Quid b C M Wefa . 
J Abratmms c Pwott b Reave _ 

-CHUoydtowbHom 

N H Fanrother b Ptaott 

S JOStiaugtmossy b Reave _ 
AN Haytturat c Gotfd b Imran . 

fC mmmt c Gould b Imran - 

M Watkkson not out 

J Simmons not out . 


.17- 

.24 

.20 

— 0 

.63 

_4 

.49 

.14 

.15 

— 6 

.30 


Extras (b 1. to 17, w 8, nb 6J , 

ToM (Butts, 60 wars) 242 

PJW AHott <9d not taL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50. 2-56. 3-5ft 4~ 
BS, 5-100, 6-203, 7-205, 6-217. 
BOWLING: Imran 12-2-43-2: la Roux 9-0- 
43-0; Jones 3-0-25-0: CM Wafis 12-3-34- 
1: Reeve 124-204; Ptgott 12-1-59-1. 
SUSSEX 

R I Mttisn b Alott 6 

■A M Green st Maynard b Simmons 62 
P W G Parker c Abrahams b Hayhurst 85 


tann Khan not out . 
. . C M Wefis not out 


50 


Betas (R) 17, w 6] 

Total (3 wkts. 56£ovara). 


_17 . 

-23 

.243 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19, 2-156, 3-190. 
APWtts.f1JGouU.GStoRoux.DA 
Reeve. A C S Ptgott and A N Jones did not 

BOWUNG; Wstfctason 112-0-404): Aflott 
11 -334-1; OSha«*ne«sy 6-0020: Hay- 
hurst 12-236-1: Simmona 12-231-1: 
Abrahams 3-0-15-0; Fairbrathor 3-0- 16-0 
Umpres: HD Bird and KE Palmar. 

win a Lord's final, Lancashire 
had to thank Fairbrother and 
Hayhurst, who added 103 for 
the sixth wicket 

Sussex had had the best of 
the conditions for bowling, the 
bail moving about a good deal 
at various times during the 
morning, most of all for Reeve 
in a most spirited and telling 
spell of .four for 20 in 12 overs. 

In return for that though, 
they had to bat in very much 
the worst of the light For the 
-last hour of their innings it was 
so dark that had it been a 
championship match involv- 
ing the same batsmen, the 
same bowlers and the same 
umpires, play would have - 
been abandoned long since. 


when Sussex were getting 
away to a rather sticky start 
he made it his business to call 
the tune. Green caught the 
mood, and their running be- 
tween wickets was electric. 
Instead of the three or four fast 
bowlers he could turn to when 
he was captaining West In- 
dies, Lloyd now had one of the 
weaker county attacks to work 
with (Lancashire are sixteenth 
in the championship) and be 
no more bad an answer to that 
than most captains would 
have. By the time Green was 
stumped off the wily old 
Simmons. Sussex needed only 
87 to win in 17 overs, long 
enough for Imran to make an 
accomplished, unhurried and 
unbeaten 50. 

Where Lloyd had been 
cheered all the way to the 
wicket on what may well have 
been his last appearance at 
Lord's (not quite all the 
members stood, but a great 
many did) Parker was given a 
wen-earned reception mien he 
came in after being caught at 
deep square leg. It is 10 years 
since Parker, as a 20-year-old, 
scored 215 for Cambridge 
„ inst Essex in only his sixth 

rst-class innings. It looked, 
as Wisden put it at the time, 
that “a new batting star” had 
been born, and on Saturday be 
played like one. He had old- 
timers in raptures. Here, at 
last was someone standing as 
the best players used to do — 
still and with the bat on the 
ground rather than waving 
around in the air. Where has 
he been all these years, they 
asked. 

It is becoming traditional 
for someone to make a late 
claim for selection for the 
forthcoming tour with a good 
performance in the NatWest 
final. Thomas of Surrey did it 
in 1982 and Christopher 
Cowdrey in 1983. Now Parker 
has done Tl He has played - 
once for England, against 



Star performance: Parker had old-timers in raptures 

Australia in 1981, but he was for him that England 
out cheaply twice, and al- 


though a fine player of slow 
bowling (a couple of the extra 
cover drives he played on 
Saturday, from down the 
wicket against Simmons, were 
superb strokes) he missed 
selection for the tour to India 
in 1981-82. 

Since then he has had his 
ups and downs. For a time he 
was considered a shade sus- 
pect against the fastest 
howlers. But who is not? In 
1984 he came back into 
contention, only to fell away 
again in 1985 when he had 
injury problems. This year be 
has done very welL and there 
is no better or keener fielder in 
the country. It is unfortunate 


are 

looking at the moment for 
opening batsmen. 

As his Man of the Match Sir 
Leonard Hutton had Parker 
and Reeve to choose from. 
Both had done splendidly, and 
no one could complain that he 
opted for Reeve. 

There was, of course, a full 
house, and by modern stan- 
dards a reasonably 
unobstreperous one. They let 
the match finish before the 
usual invasion of the ground 
and were seen at their worst 
only when Hutton was trying 
to make himself heard. The 
reasons why as a batsman he 
had chosen a bowler were 
altogether drowned. 


YESTERDAY’S OTHER JOHN PLAYER LEAGUE SCOREBOARDS 

Glamorgan v Middx Gloucsv Lancs Sussex v Yorkshire Worcs v Derbyshire 


ATCAROFF 

Afttttanx (4pts) beat Glamorgan by 9 


AT BRISTOL 
Gloucestershire 


j A Hopkxn c MBar b Fluglm 31 
*H Moms mn out 21 
G C Holmes c Cowens b Emburay 9 
R C Ontong c Gtottng b Cmr 12 
M P Maynard b Emburay 13 
J G Thomas b Carr 7 
TT Dsvtn run out 10 
P A Corny tow b Emburay 2 
l Strati not out 3 
& R Banwck not out 1 

Extras (b 5. l-b IQ, wfl. rv-02) 23 

Total (8 wkts, 40 owo| 132 


(4 points) beat 


LANCASHIRE 
GDMondiscSatastMybBeinbrfdga 39 

G Fowler Ibw b Walsh 17 

J Abrahams run out 49 

M WaUeraon c Athey b Graveney — 10 

S J O'Shaughnessy run out 30 

N H Fafrtxomer c ABwy b Sansbury . 19 

C Maynard b Sams&uy 1 

C H Uoyd c AOiey b Samstaury 2 

AN Hayhurst not out 1 

D J Maxlnson not out 12 

Extras 16 

_ 196 


AT HOVE 

Sussex (4 points) beat Yorkshire by 7 

neefcate 

Yorfcsftta 

tK Sharp run out 23 

A A Metcalfe c Speight b le Roux 2 

M D Mtwon c Qouftf b 


tCMWeUs 
JD Love cGotttb Ptgott — — - 
P E Robinson not out 


- 8 
22 


5 N Hartley c Reave b Ptgott 
■p Cernck c Gould b Jones 


~i= Total (6 wkts, 40 ovora) . 


A Sdebottom c Gould b Le Houx 

S J Denms c Gould b Le Roux 

Extras (b 1. Hi 5, w 6) 

Total (7 wks. 40 oven) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-45. 2-79, 332. 4- 
103. 5-1 13. 6-1 16. 7-123. 8-129. 

S L WaUdn dW not bat 

BQWLM&GtfbngB3-1 8-0; CtTVttto 21- 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-27. 2-116. 

Gtoucaslmhfca 

C W J Amoy c Uoyd b O'Shaughnessy 73 


21-0; Sykes 8-1-25-0; Hughes 7-0-18-1; 
Emburey 5-1-253; Carr 30-1-OT 


RCRi 

P 

Extras 


l not out 
not out. 
3 no 2 _ 


94 

27 
— 5 
199 


W N Stock run out .. 
C T Racsey not out . 
JO Carr not out 


Extras (l-b3.w1,r>4>2). 
Total (1 wM. 29 3 Oven) . 


79 
_ 45 
— 6 
.. 133 

A J T Miner, R O Butcher. *M W Gelling. 

J P R Dowmon. J E Entouray. J F Sykes. S 
Hughes. NQ Cowans, not bet 
FALL OF WICKET: 1-19. 

BOWUNG. Thomas 50-23-0; Berwick 
63-1-303; OntonnWWW): Water 4-0. 

22-0; Holmes 6-0-32-0. 
Umpires: J W Holder and D R Shepherd. 


Total (1 wkt 38 overs) 

FALL OF WICKET; 1-142. 

K M Outran, M W Afleyne. J W Lloyds, P W 
Romanes. I R Payne. GESatasbury. DA 
Graveney. C A Walsh rad not bat 
BOWLING: Makinson 7-0-44-0; 
Watanson 7-0-31-0; Smmons 63-30-0; 
Hayhurst 53-23-0: O'Shaughnessy 7-0- 
4frii Aorahams 43-22-0. 

At New Road. Worcester, 
Derbyshire beat Worcestershire 
by one wicket. Set to make 199 
to win. Barnet made 78 and 
Finney hit a six in 24 not out in a 
successful charge to the finish. 


76 

— 4 

- 23 
-0 
. 10 
. 14 

182 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 235. 341. 4- 
100.5-112.6-159.7-159. 

C Shaw. S D Fletcher did not bat 

BOWUNG C M Wefts 8-0-13-1; Le Roux 
8-0-33-2; Pwott 63-40-2; Jones 6-1 -42-1 ; 
Reeve 8-0-460. 


_ 4 

- 50 
_ 89 

- 23 

0 

- 19 
185 


AT WORCESTER 
Derijyshte (4 points) beat Worcastarstam 
Wfxcaaterahbw 

T S Curia b Jean-Jacquas 47 

IS J Rhodes tow bFtaney — 1 

G A hftcfc c Maher b Jean-Jaoquas — 53 

D N Patel b Mortansan — ; 9 

0 B cTOfcvsra c Finney b Holding — 13 

*P A Neale c Maher bMortenaen 0 

M J Weston c Maher b Jean-Jaques — 1 

N V Radtord not out 37 

R K Rbigworth b Hokfing 11 

J D (nchmore b Warner 1 

S M McSwan not out 6' 

Extras (Vb 11. w 8) 19 


Total (9 wkts. 40 oven) . 


_ 196 

FALL OF W1CKET&1-5. 2-109. 3-113, 4- 
127. 5-1Z7. 6-128. 7-156. 8-187. 9-188. 
BOWUNG: Finney 6-1-13-1; Mortansan 6- 
1-14-2: Sharma 43363; Warner 8-0-58- 
1 ; Holding 63-35-2: Jean-Jacques 60-36- 
3. 


A M Green c Sharp b Dennis 

A P Wefis run out . 


i b McEwan _ 78 
29 

J E moms c Rhodes b Patel — . — — 2 


PWG Parker not out . — 
C M WeBs b Stoebottan .. 
I J GouM hm out 


Extras (H> 8. w 7. n-b 4)„ 
Total (3 wkts. 36.1 overs) . 


K J Barnett c Hmgwbrth 
A hfll b ffingworiti 


B Roberts c Rhodes b Radtord 

BJMMaherb McEwan 

M A Holding b McEwan 

A E Warner c Hick b McEwan ~ 
M Jean-Jacques b Blingworth „ 

R Sharma run out 

RJ Finney not out 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-108. 3-181. 

M P SpeigW. G S Le Roux. C P PMSpson. 
DA Reeve. AC S Pigott. A N Jones rad not 

BOWUNG: SoJetsonom 7-0-25-1; Demo 
6330-1 : Shaw 60-29-0: Fletcher 6345- 
0; Came* 4.1-0-360; Henley 1-0-123. 
Umpees; J BMtenshaw and H D Bed. 


O H Morten sen not out . 


Extras (b 6, Lb 12, frb 5) 
Total (9 wkts, 40 overs) . 


.21 

- 4 

- 5 

- 2 
- 0 

10 

24 

1 


- 23 
. 189 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-86.2-71. 3-122. 4- 
147. 5-154. 6-156. 7-157. 8-159. 9-198. 
BOWLING Weston 3322-0; (nchmore 8- 
0-35-0: Radtord 8333-1: iNngwonh 8-1- 
32-2 PaW 63-24-1; McEwan7-0354. 
Umpuwc C Cook and B J Meyer. 


FOR THE RECORD 


MOTOR RALLYING 

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE: Marlboro 

AMONWt natioaal raOy che m pto mb to. eMh 


4am # mByk 1. A 

Sutherland and P wans (Cnemmeid). MG 
Metro. llw Okm lOsec 2. A Wood and Mike 
Nicnoisan (Mafco ra ). OpN Manta 400. 
10917. 3. P CUfcna and R Freeman 

INaretordL Swna Cosworth. 1.11.28. OvaraB 

MB two rnanfs M 00): 1. Wood 138. 2. 

SuMUand 91. 3. w Rutnertara (Metro). 82. 


EQUESTRIANISM 

OONAUESCHMGEN. West German*: tatar- 
naEoael avane 1 . Wart Germany, S Mutts 2, 
US 12. 3. Great Bnun. IB. 4. France. 17; 5. 
trebnd 20 OnaiWI ataadbrn^raice Phfip 
Trophy). 1. Grew Brtoun, 39pts; 2, west 
Germany 36. 3. France. 34. 


East Germany. 1.667.4. Finland. 1.684; 5. US. 
1.680: 6. Weal Germany. 1.659. Air iMe - 

ban 1. Was Germany 1,770ms (world 

record); 2. US 1.768. 3. Norway. 1.756. 4. 
Austria. 1.757; 5. Yugoslavia. 1.755,6. USSR. 

1 .753. Nonatag bora: 1 . J Gresztaawsia (Poq. 

298: 2. S Luao* (USSR). 298: 3. T WMWiEG). 

297: 4. m-P Mesertb IWGL 297. Team: l. 

Soviet union 806: 2. East Gennany 88A 3, 

Sweden. < Hungary. Wo m e n : Smeetorm 

■pert-pieM - ladSw at 1. M BoinUen 
ruS9R)Tn9ptS. 2. 1 Kochanwa (USSR). 889- 

9. N Sahjctwadce (USSHL BBS: 4. E Machon 

(Ff 1.688. 5. D Mata (A** 6S4.7eane l.USSR. 

1.767 (wofld record); 2. France 1.748: 3, 

Albania 1.745: 4. Hungary. 1734; 5. “ 

1J31. 


MOTORCYCLING 


YACHTING 


... J - USB 


BOXING 


HAFUBb OTA fat* wallli w ig h t cha a 

stop: Patna. One HL dampun) K 
Srunent (US), rx 3rd rare. 




-natUXTOtt: Wmoea: (tepi 

mfee):Homta v Formula sod 

K Mawddey (Honda BF 500) J 

89 76 rnpn. Metzator 1300 

Battonan380ctiaoreianbto,raiBid17i(algbt 

I lap«^RBlJ^ ) ftV^ [ 505l. n n gTtLMLS* 

kgltafalgM lapsh U M«*mM(ARfr 

imml783 rapli. Matzaler 75 

naianaock imk ixmih 

treua naSonal 250HHHB 


Romwwi (750 SuzakiJ. 9A46. 928 


mph. ACU Brtttsh 

‘ 16 


(Ygnaha). 1129.70. 


BASEBALL 


AMERiCAil LEAGUE: Friday’s resaltae Cta- 

eaoo WNta Sox 6 Toronto Bfaa Jays ft 

Boston Rad Sox 12. Wi»WW Twns ft 

Seattle Manmn 8. BMmora Onetos 2 

GMMMand Indara 13. Mi w awiae Wawen 5; 

Texas Rwgm 7. Karans City Royals 8. New 

York Yankees 7. CaStomw Anoeb 4: Oatnxt 

Tigers 9. Oakland AWabcs 4. Sabaday*! 
rasoEa: BostortRad Sox 3. Mkwasoia Twm 

2. Taranto Btaa Jays 4, Oicaga Write Sax ft 

Oakland Atrasacs 5. Devon Tiger&4 (10 nnsL 

Seattle Marmara B-Batomore Onoh»2: Texas 

Rengera 5. Kansas CBy ftoytoa 4; Oevetand 

bxtwu 17. MBwautow Brewsra 5. caitomu 

Anoe»3 9. New York Yankees 2 
NATIONAL LEAGUE: Frittoy> raeata: On- 

caxtan Rees n. Chcago Cubs 2. Aflsnta 

Bones 4 . Pdtsbiagh Pbatas 3: San Francaoo 

Gores & Montreal Expo* 4; St LOWS 

Caranab 8. Houston Astro S: PmiacWpixa 

PMkes4 . Los Ang^ Dodgers a r - 

rauBK Houston Asns 7. T . 

& Now York Mats 4. Sen Drego Padres 3: 

&nctrwp ROM 5. CNcago Cubs i: Lee 

An ga k itt Dodges 3. W Na dsto ha PMsaa Z 

Montreal Expos 3. San Franaaca Gwats 1; 

Atlanta Breves 4. Pnaburgh Ptnrass2. 

SQUASH RACKETS 

HONG KftNft OPEN: SarM-«nalK T 
Nancmruw (Ausl W Umar Hayar Khan (P*k), 
9-5. B-4, 69. 10* R Maran (Aus) M C Datmar 
(Auto. 3-6. 169. 2-9. 61..M. Ssg 


ROAD WALKING 


R Howto (500 tfLJ 1 iftStL 

98.78 mph; 


WEYMOUTH: OtymptC 

eaiboaniafGaantoaaotbanilsaatataifi: 1st 

race; 1. Barmans 2. M Oxley; 3. M Ge!L 

Seoond recR 1 , B Timer (NZ), 2. S Btake: 3, 
D Rotnrrtt 

PUBUC SCHOOLBOYS COMPEniUN: (tor 

Sx Terence Lanotsha Trophy): l.Ehertxxxna 

Scnooi 

SOLENT; HGSPC9 race: Clan 1:1. Yeomai 

XXVI- 4 hr 12 ran 17sec 2. Backtab 4.1451: 

2 TrUopy 4:19.47: 4. Csnspeacy 4^2.13. 

Class £ i. Battishebe 4.1122: 2. Samuai 

Pepw 4 15 M: 3 When Gc*J m 41556; 4. 

Winqa ot Cowley 418.17: 5. Roier State 
4242S (provTsonai results). Class 3- 1. 
Sadat 4.08.47: 2. spnt 4.1321; Oasa 4: 1. 

Diamond 3 1622: 2. Owlet 3-22.11: 3. Dos 

MeseaSra 3.2837. Ctas 5: 1. Shadow or a 

Dream 3 . 12 1& Z f nr Ouencher 813.18; 3, 

Free its Spmt 32DA 4, Hcn^Bear 32531; 


national 5. Paxkwa 326.1ft 6.1* TI 


LIB. 


Hampshire win one-day title 
with victory off last ball 


THE OVAL : Hampshire (4 
pts) beat Surrey by three runs. 
Hampshire won ute John Player 
League tide for the third time 

yesterday when they beat Suircy 
in a thrilling last-ball finish. 
Surrey, needing ISO, still re- 
quired seven from the last over 
bowled by Connor. Thomas was 
caught at long on from the third 
ball; Needham was run out from 
the fifth; and Gray, needing five 
from the last, could only push it 
into the covets. 

Essex could draw level on 
points in their last match next 
weekend if Hampshire lose the 
same day. Hampshire, though, 
would sufi take the title on the 
basis of more away wins. For 
Hampshire their success brings 
them £19,000 prizemoney and 
consolation for a disappointing 

summer in the county 
championship, in which they 
have been bedevilled by 
injuries. 

Surrey, who were without 
Jesty and Stewart because of 
hamstring injuries, made a poor 
start to their innings when they 
.lost Clinton, Lynch, Richards 
and Ward with only 45 scored. 
Then Butcher and Fhlkner 
added 51 in 14 overs. Butcher’s 
careful 44 ended when he was 
caught at cover when Tremlett 
returned Falkner, making 
room, was bowled by Marshall 
soon afterwards. 


By Richard Street™ 

Surrey were 31 runs short of 
their target, with three overe left, 
when Thomas punished 
TremJen for 15 runs during an 
over in which he was also 
dropped by Connor at deep mid 
off. Nine runs came -from 
Marshall's next over before the 
dramatic dosing six. balls. 

Hampshire's own basting was 

made to look ineffective by tight . 

Surrey bowling ' after Butcher 
won the toss, njr a brag tune it ' 
seemed Hampshire would have 
a meagre ratal to defend Force- 
ful strokes by James, late in the 
day. atoned though, for the 
earlier lentadveness. Parks also 
made useful runs, in a perky 9th 
wicket stand 

Surrey quickly seized control 
when Terry trod on his stumps . 
in the second over and' Gray 
dismissed Greenidge and 
Nicholas in three balls. Robin 
Smith, who leads the Sunday 
averages, was beaten by 
BkkneQ, trying to turn a straight 
ball. 

BnUen. a young, 6ft 5ln off 
spinner, failed to get a wicket 
but played an important part 
with eight economical overs. 
Butcher swung the ball more 
than anyone and Chris Smith ' 
and Cowley fen to successive 
balls. Smith could manage only 
16 singles from 66 balls. 

Marshall played loosely out- 


side the off stump and was 
'caught behind; Tremlett was 
bri UujrUy run out by Lynch. 
James went on to reach his hrst 
league 50in the final over. 

HAHPSHnE „ 

CB G wBnWBBc Wclartto Oeray — « 

-MCJNfchQlwc Button p Gray 
CL SW»ie Bulan DButoner — — 

KD jamas not out — . 

MDM«L°W«baMa~ 

TMiiwwtamww* - ■ — 

' fR J paras not out . 



_ 4 
.109 
. 25 


.149 


Extras(b6,b5.w11.nb3J 

Total (Batts. 40 onn} — 

C A Connor CM not ML 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-13. 2-32, 3-32. *■ 
56. 5-94, frM. 7-85, M14. 

BOWUNG Gay 6-1 

41-1; Bulan M-1M iJMJJK-®* 
Needham 4-0-HHk Suchor *-0-12-2. 

SUBWET . 

■AR Butcher c Tarry bTra ratett- - — 

G S Clinwi c R A Snttt 0 Marshal — 6 


M A Lynch c Parto b Cqw wr 
♦C J Rfchanf V m Ti a m toH . 
DMWsrdlbwb'Ttomtott — 
NJFaHawhHa 


D J Thomas c Jamas b Connor 

A NeetOtam nai out 

AH Gray not out 


A n \jamw imuw.ra 

CXBuflennoiout 


■ ExMs (b 4, nb 7) , 


_ 11 
.146 


Tbtal{BaMa,40ovef4 — 

MPBtotowOtfdnotbBt 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 2-17, 3-38, 4- 
4fi, 5-96, 6-117. 7-143, 8-145. 

BOWUNG MerahaB 8427-2; ConnwS- 
0-21-2; Trantttt 84-34-3; James 8-0-32- 
ft Cowtoy 8-1-28-0. ■ 

Umpires; O G L Evans and A G T 


Tavare helps Kent 

em • ra ' *‘w 

to keep, record by *^ cr 

By Peter Marson 


By Ivo Tennant 


<4 pts) 
by six 


CANTERBURY: Kent 
beat Nottinghamshire 
wickets. 

Nottinghamshire have never 
won a John Player match at 
Canterbury and rarely looked 
like doing so yesterday. Bowled 
out for 122, they had four Kent 
batsmen out cheaply. However, 
mice Tavarfc found a batsman to 
stay with him, Graham 
Cowdrey, Kent had little diffi- 
culty in knocking off the runs, 
even when Hadlee came back. 
Tavare finished unbeaten on 63 
with six fours. 

The pilch was one of low 
bounce and on the slow side but 
offered only marginal move- 
ment. There was rarely an 
excuse for the string of law 
scores. Nottinghamshire, who 
won the loss, looked like making 
a reasonable total only when 
Hadlee was in, and even he got 
himself out 

All Kent's bowlers were 
economical Underwood was 
almost as' sparing as at Folke- 
stone on Friday when he re- 
turned what must have been one 
of the most frugal bowling 
analyses ever. The last yoricer he 
produced yesterday that hit - 
Randall's kg stump, speared in 
at his tangled feet, was an 
especially shrewd piece of 
bowling. 

Broad baited 24 overs for 30. . 
a score exceeded only by 
Hadlee, who played some ex- 
cellent lofted drives and chips ' 
over the in-field. Tt was a 


surprise when, having made 31, 
he fell to a slower ball from 
DOley. 

Nottinghamshire Had a fur- 
ther 42 overs remaining when 
their inning s ended. They did 
not help themselves either by 
conceding a number of wides. 
Three of the four batsmen to go 
fell to catches by French, Ben- 
son, Aslett and Christopher 
Cowdrey, all wafting outside off 
slump. 


NOmNGHAMSWIE 

BC BRMd b Underwood — 

R T RoMnan c Morah b ataon 
P Johnson c Marsh b DOley — 
-C E B Rice tow bC S Cowdrey 

D W Randal b Underwood 

R J Haraee c and b oaey . 


C 0 Fraser-Owing c Underwood b 


C S Cowdrey 
cMarahh 


IB N French c Mash 
R A Pick Ibw b BBson . 
EE Hammings tow b I 
KSaxstoy notout 


Extras (bt.- to 8. w 4) . 
TOM (354 onra) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4, 2- ^ 

538. 6-101, 7-106. 8-T16. 9-120. 10-122. 
BOWUNG may 8-1-20-2: BBson 54-1- 
1 7^2; C S Cowdrey 8-037-2; Baptists 5-0- 
21^ -1 ; Underwood 6-3-18-3. 

KENT 

MR Benson c French bSaxatoy 3 

SGHkikse Johnson bSaxalby. 
CJTmrftnotout- 


DQ Astatic French bRJce- 


' Paul Parker was in fine form 
again at Have yesterday, and his 
innings of 89 not out, and that 
by Alan Wells, who made SO. 
helped - Sussex destroy 
Yorkshire's feint hope of taking 
a share in the John - Player 
Special -League's prize money 
with victory by seven wickets. 
Sussex's chances remain, 
though. . and should Not- 
tinghamshire fail next Sunday, 
then Sussex wDl be pushing hard 
for points at Edghaston. 

Batting first on a good pitch, 
Yorkshire had made a poor start 
losing Metcalfe to le Roux, 
Moxon to Colin Web, and a 
third wicket for 41. It was here 
that Robinson made a stand, 
and having helped add 39 far 
the fourth wicket, Robinson was 
there still 76 not out when the 
innings closed at 182 for seven. 

' At Cardiff^ Radley made 75 
not out as Middlesex cruised to 
victory by nine wickets with 
10J overs to spare against 
CfcuaonauL Beyond Hopkins 
(31), 2nd Morris (21), 
63 . * Glamorgan's batsmen had 
• a found it .difficult to make 


_2 

_7 

.10 

.12 

.31 


3 

4 

7 

2 

1 


-13 

.192 


- i - ~ rniurlnMi r fnnrirt . h rrn . ra - Hlrfrinfl IUUUU _ H .UUUUHt W / mm * 

g r Cowdrey nct out. — process against Emburey’S and 


Extras (to 6. w 8. 1*2)16 
TMtff* wfcfe 3GL1 owS) 123 
FALL OF WICKETS: T-S, 2-18. 3-2B, 4-45. 
E A E Bapttoie. R M atom. IS A Marsh. 8 
R Mtoy and D L Untoiwaed dd not baL 
BOWUNG: Hvdtoe 8-2-31-0; SoxUby 8-1- 
2M: nek 7 1-0-29-0; Rk» 6-1-14-1; 
Fraser-Oerling 6-1-18-1. 

UmpkBE R Paferar ind N T PtowK 


Guts offepin bowling. 

' Alhq'nxade73ahdRussdl94 
not out' as Gtoncestiecslilre 
moved to a comfortable victory 
by nine wickets against Lan- 
cashire at BristoL 


India race to victory 


JOHN PLAYER LEAGUE 


P W L NT T PM 


Jaipur (Reuter) — Krishna- 
machari Srikkanth scored his 
first century for India in one-day 
matches to bdp them to a seven- 
wicket win over Australia in the 
first of six limited-overs inter- 
nationals here yesterday. 

The Australians looked well 
placed after a record opening 
partnership of 212 between 
Boon (1 1 1) and Marsh (104) had 
st ee r e d them to 230 for three off 
47 overs; but India made light of 
their target, cruising to victory 
with six overs to spare. 

Srikkanth won the man-of- 
the-maich award, . hitting 10 
fours and a six in his 102 off 102 
balls, and combining with the 
newcomer. Lamba, to break the 
back of the Australian bowling 
Their century stand came off 
only 89 balls. Lamba was often 
the more aggressive of the two. 
hiting eight fours and a six in his 
64 scored in 92 minutes. 
Vengsarkar and the Indian cap- 
tain. Kapil Dev. ended the 
match with a flurry of runs. 

The stand betw ee n Boon and 
Marsh beat the previous one- 
day international record of 193 
between Gooch and Alhey 


against New Zealand at Head- 
ingley in July. Boon, who was 
dropped twice, cut and pulled 
strongly to score 1 1 1, his innings 
contrasting sharply with 
Marsh's controlled knock of 
104. 

AUSTRALIA 

G R Marsh tun out 104 

0 C Boon c Strastri b AzhanxMn _ 11 1 

□ M Jonas not out : 17 

*A R Border run out ■ . ■ - — ... 3 

GMRtebtanotaut 7 

Extras(b1,lb3.w1.nb3) 8 


P W L NR Ties 
Pts : . 

Hampshire (3) 15 
Essex (11 15 

NartfamsO 15 
NOUS (121 15 

Sussex (2) 15 

KantfMfl 15 

Somerset (10) 15 
YorasNrefa 15 
DertwshkvM. 15 
MMdtaaxnQ 16 

WanvicfcafQ. 15 
Glamorgan (14) is 
Lancasrara(14) IS 
Laics (S 15 
Surrey (Itt . 15 

Won* (16) IB 
QaucslG) IB 


Tool (3 Wkts. 47 OveiS) . 


.250 ISOfif 


3 11 


tin Drachms 


S P Waugh, G R J Matthews. fT J 
Zoahrer. C J McDermott, S P Darts and B 
A Raid (fid not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-212. 2-225, 9-226. 
BOWUNG- Kapfl Dev 9-0-48-0; Bhny 7-1- 
41-ftShastrl 10-1 -31-0: Sftxrma 4091-0; 
Mantodar 10-0-42-0; AzhmiCttn 7-0-53-1. 

HNA 

KSlrMeanthc Jonas b Raid 102 

S M Gavaskar mn ouM 
R Lamba c Border b Man ha m 
D B Vangsatter not out 
"KadDovnotout 
Extras 


23 


(bl.bil.wi. nbQ , 

Total (3 wkts, 41 overs). 


.251 


M AztarudiiEn. R M H Btony. tC S PMdtt. 
R J Stiastri. C Sharma and ktafindar 
StoghdktnorbaL 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-86,2-188,3-210. 
BOWUNG: McDermott 100-75-0; Daws 
7-0-48-0: Reid 8-1-27-1; Watu^l 7-0-12-0; 
Mattnews 9047-1. 

Umpires: N Rao and S Btaarjea. 


Nontanai 


ns 4 
Warwicks (15) 23 4 
Sussex (7) 22 4 

Somerset fl 7) 22 3 
Lancs (14) 22" 3 

Glam (13 22 1 

1985 po si tions in brackets 
Yorkslwa tool Indudes aight points tor 
drawn match in which scores finished 

level 


L D.8tBwf_Pt* 

5 7 51 70 281- 

3 12 50 65 259 

2 13 52 72 236 

4 11 50 67 229 

6 10 61 66 229 

5 12 54 71 221 
B 12 55 66 201 

7 tl 42 75 197 
5 14 S9 55 186 

3 14 50 54'4Mvj 
5 14 42 70-1X6 ’) 
9 10 47 66 1 7& 
5 14.57 49 a tt 
7 11 38 50 152 

5 14 48 43 144 

6 14 40 47 136 
6 15 35 45 96 


POWER BOATING 


MLDESHBU. West Ganaaayi I hour 1 J 
Pnownecicsj. {world reconJ) 


BOWLS 


OXFORO NafHtat natouN chft tnn cfaam* 


GUEIMSEY: Mar SMvaaam WttW OfHnc 

CtoampionshkxBiJfitrectas: 1. Kin El Fire, 

BIG Eastnam: 2. Haras AreocaL J1H 
YHaxpi (Ffitend), 3, Tachotos Panaso ni c. C 


GOLF 


EWKCOTT, Ha w Yortc POA to u m—urati 
Ttord narad toadarattl USt 161: R Fahr. 65. 
68.87 301: L Mua. 64. 67. 7D 306: L RrtMT. 
70.66. ».H Tiutly. 69.68. 68: R Mast 88. 69. 
68. 206: C Beck. 68. 70. 6ft M SmtSt 66. 89. 
71 OTWOaMon.lJ&T&n. A Mature. 66 l 
68. 73. H rtm. 70. 69. 85: T Purtzer, 69. 68, 
7ftJH tnnar.72.60J7. 

PORTLAND, OWMK LPGA CtttoOH- 
Pmg chanatomtoe Sa ce ad maul (US 
uwsstmee 139: M J SnW*. 66. 73. MftC 
Walker. 72. 68. N Loom. 70. 7ft MU A 
Okamato LM. 70. 71. 142: J Shttwreon. 
70. 7ft U Bnutfas-Oem (Sp). TO. 72: D 
Egotkeg. 71. 71143: L Petorton. 66. 75. 8 
Paarian. 69. 74.144: H Stacy. 7&fift 


ATHLETICS 


la Nancanow 90. 9>S 32. 1 


- 0-B.9-I. 


*lft 


SHOOTING 


SUHL East Ganoany: World Otarapton- 
MK Man: A k rifle 1. H Rtsderw iWGL 
693 1 pts. ?. 0 Dirten (VS). 692.0; 3. B Suass 
(WO), 9916: 4. M Batoassann (Austria). 

630.9. 5. H Stamnaao INorV 8907; 8, K Fitz- 
StodeU 1 (USL 6898: 7. J StetDoom (Nath). 
WtJ-M Water (Fr), S86S Fret pistol • 
•l.USSR. l399nxS.SM«Mn. 1.676.3, 


STOKE: ORE mmSH LEAGUE: Mae's 

q u a Mr lna c wura ariri u ra 100 ntec M 
WaKtran (Coranlryl. iftTaet 200 w Ha A 

Mala (London wsh). 21.4. 400ae IMt. 49.1. 

1J00XE o corae tHatcutos/VHnotooon). 

3m*i 493. lodem: fiance. 14:7.1. LongtoraP 
N R4ey (Comnby), 7J39ol Msb jtarax J 
Patron (London tren|. 2.u mans (compati- 
non record). Rastft t. Henata/winditedan. 

SZOpts. Z Co««nry Godna. 31I: 3. Cm* 

txidije Hamers. 308. 4, London Insft. 286. 5. 

SMrtdHL 284; 8. Swansea. 231; 7. Stretford. 

23ft & Brew 204 

BRUHNGHAM: DaMap Yaang JUMetas 
Laagur. 400 mama: t. 0 Mcfianat. 4900 

Tama reanlt 1. Wotnatl a mBlon and Boston 

4i0DO.2.0toeaY»ntaS387;3. Brew 373. 
■CM NEVS RACE HI raOaa. 4400 Mac L C K 

Dannedy l&yn Hamm in2548. 2. R C 

Pifeeem iKaswck AO 12705. 3 D 
McGcxwia(DuKtoaHau4iM)i274g vata^ 
ans: 1 . OOwtes(&vn Hamarej i31« Weai- 
mtc A Canon (Erjrij l.47Jl.T«anc Kasradc 


wich 

first) — - 1 _ — 

G SflMti 18): Piano Form Nonhana 46. Ban 

36 (Rano Forta first); F Johnson 20. A 

Cotaimoho 21: JGaaravSO. I MJuamast ifi: 

Windsor and Esn 42. Payors Noonghan 33 wvwrww anw mm ■ 
(Windsor fast): J Rwd 17. W Lavarton 17; 0 Ctampiorehe, Honfiam Ftator Mt 
mare 2S.P adore 18: Torqumr 46. Andcmr gtos: A Ftonmr (Yortettre) fit C ( 
30 (TerouayfirsftJEnare 21. G Standby 1ft tMareeysidaj 5-7. to. 8-1. Womens 
L Bowdan 25. A Ron 18 SaaMnato: ' J ‘ " 

Mart&acaiigh tosmeh 40. Ftona Fora 30 

(UKftoraugh waft Cult 21. Gaaray 15; 

warfltoyisT Johnson «; ww** and Eton 
39. Tatuuay 31 [Win dsor fine Phare 18. 

BcMdan 1 1 ; Read 21 . Exara 20. 

WOHTHWftOpeaTWnmnara-PilrinnaL J 

HA E Oggie Mi FK-cM. 17. 0 Hanley 

(Haeeum).- K Cemwy (Wansana. 18 . fobs 

Ftat H Ga tes . D BkmL J Hodman (a* 

worinre Pawhctt. a Knapo (Horenan Park). 

16 W Obbons (Preston). U Cocknc (Home 
Brawflry). J Morgan (CtastonQ. K arm 
( uarefWd). to. 

SPEEDWAY 


TENNIS 


BRADFORD; BriOah Hotnaa Storaa N atio na l 

Man's «n- 

Cnxslay 

L Clark' (ScottatkhttE FUttri [Scct^^ 
60 Men's Doubles: A Precious (YoriohnO 
and Hatcher M M Wafter (MMMXft) MO 
Crosstoy 60 40 6-4. woman's OwMre J 

Brarai and D Brosnan (Ytaksnrel M J Hus 

and w ShaDterd (Yarfcatare). 6-1. 70 Mtaed 

doudta; J Gtoson and M ftson (Scodand) bt 

A Roskel and J McOtoacMn (Mareayaida) 60 

ft-I 


HOCKEY 


ha n«t e n35. B udfiini 48. Suandon 32; Bala 

Vue32-Stett>aid 48. tongs Lynn 35. Coventry 

NATIONAL LEABUIL Berwick 53. Long Eaton 

25. Cantertaity 53. BfflM^Hm 25: Stoka 44. 

Boston 34. 


CYCLING 

VICTORIA: Tour ot Matagto Fourth 
E st apo ns - Bipcora ittOtank 1 . 1 Smtnr 
anrnrmn 1 7sec 2. M Valero (SpL 4;i40ft 3. 
F Pnioro (Sp). aama hrae OeaiaB: 1. J 
Sanchez tSpl 1721.40: 2. J Sanomana 
1722 1ft 3 M Gonzae (^Pl.1722.14. 


SOUTHAMPTON; HampahaO 3. HanjMhta A 

i; Somarser ft WarMcksNre Z Gwent 0. 

Cornwall t MkUasax 1. StttordsWre ft 

Chtohre 2. Kart Z Somerset 1 . ttaWfitm A 

z H^npjrwe 3, Btaftordstm 0; Conaaaa o, 

Kent 3. uootara 1 . OWn 1: Hampshire 

11. Corram ft Gmoh ft Oiatare ft 

Somerset 3. MxkBaaax ft Wmwtakstwa Z 

Hampshn A ft Kent 4. St a ttord ta re ft 

vaanwtaim ft Hamptare A 0; MttOesm 3. 

Cormraa ft Somarsei 3. StaftoRtthn ft 

Hampstmt A 3. Gwent ft wareidahlm ft 

0. Hampshire 4. Owartra 2 (HWnpsnw 
mn tournament). 


FOOTBALL 


BRAZILIAN LEAGUE: QtM» a CoraaMans 1 , 

Paysandu ft Ramengp ftGota IL Group C: 

Vasco da Game ft Ban* 1 . Group C: 

Poragwa Daroonos 1 , Santa Cruz 1; 

NaoonNftCSAft 


RUGBY LEAGUE 

Northern rest 
Holmes but 
mnagaln ' 

By Keith Mackiin 

The Bradford Northern de- 
rision to rest Terry Holmes 
seemed to have boomeranged at 
Salford when the home side led 
12-2 and the replacement for 
Holmes. Robinson, went off 
injured. 

However, Northern came 
back powerfully in the second 
half and retained their 100 per 
cent record with tries by Gra- 
ham, Redfearn, Woods and 
Race and three goals from 
Woods. 

Castiefbrd, St Helens and 
Wigan also kept up their early 
momentum, St Helens winning 
surprisingly easily 40-20 at 
Leeds, with Halliwell scoring a 
hat-trick of tries. 

Castiefbrd whipped their 

neighbours Wakefield Trinity, 
scoring seven tries In the pro- 
cess. and Wigan thrashed pro- 
moted Leigh 354) with tries 
from Gill (2L Lydon (2), Han- 
ley. Bell and Good way. 

Halifax made it five points 
out of six with a comfortable 
home win over the fading Hull 
side, and Warrington came back 
from 18-10 down ax home to 
Oldham to wm 22-18. their first 
league victory. 

STONES BITTER CHAMPIONSHIP: 
Cnattotard 42. WataftoU 1ft Hafifax 28. 
Hufl 1ft Htfl Kingston Rovers 38, 
Feotooratono 14; Leeds 20. St Hatons 4ft 
Lafafr 0, Mom 95; Gehont 12, Bradford 
ftftWarnngton 22, OMham 1ftWfon«2B, 
Barrow 14T 

SECOND DnnstONb Blackpool 17. 
Wtoramaun 14: Cartda 12. Rincom 
Hlghnlffiift Doncaatar ft Swlnton 18; 
Hunatot 22. OeMbury 42; KoMitey 16, 
SherteWEagteZftWbre^ddMarasran 
31. Huddonriktt 3ft HoeMata 30. 
Brantty 1ft Wtoittalveri 39. York 1{L 


YACHTING 

British crew 
hang on to 
slender lead 

POrto Cervo — Britain's three 
boat team in the Sardinia Cup 
start today's 24-mile third race 
with a slender 1 1.38 point lead 
over the German favourites 
after a magnificent performance 
by Stephen Fein's Full Pelt not 
only brought the ream , to the 
fora, but provided this Dubois- 

dcsigned one-tanner with saf- 

fitient points to head, the 
individual listings (Barry 
PickthalL writes). 

The 145-mile second race in 
this series was won during the 
last 25 miles when Full Pelt’s 
crew took fall advantage of a 
favourable inshore currant. to 

rock-hop their way from the 

Bonifeao Straits back to Port 
Cervo to finish fourth in fleet 
and first on corrected time, 28 
minutes ahead of Italy's Gnia. 


nV larger, 
followed in 


Martin Gibson's' 

Pocket Battleship, _ 

Full Pdfs wake to take mmh. 
Two places ahead of Marionette, 
whose crew, fed by team captain 
Chris Dunning, paid the penalty 
of staying offshore and watched 
six boats dip through them in 
the light winds. 

SHORT OFFSHORE RACE: 1, FuB PfiR. S 
Feta. 20br 02mta 37sac 2. Gitt. G Falek 

jg^3tt47: 3. WSd Oats.* Oatey ( 


ISc ft Rubai DC. H ScbSmanri ( 
2037:08: 5. One. J Norman (! 
203851. Oftar Rrittob 

Pot tm Bantestex U 
iftfilartonataLCDunn 19. 



Tom itelnga atar two rOCtasl. tMtod 
MnodooL 2fft8B ppintK jft G tawany. 
aoSft 3. It m. IMS ft spam 182: &, 
Sweden.- 15335; ft Nathartand s . M4; 7; 

Japan. na& ft Uratad Statav lift 9. 

Australia. 106; 10. Araaoftm. Sftft It. 
Swttmtaid. 12. MwxLSft5. 


POLO 

Centaurs win 
Guards Club 
encounter 

By John Watson 
Four more matches for the 
Guards Club's autumn tour- 
nament were decided over the 
weekend. In League A Centaurs 
beat CF1 7-3 (7-5 Vi in the 
handicap element):' in League B 
Rackenford Park beat La Mmm 
5-1 (5-3): and in League C 
Southfield beat Mill Farm 10-2 
(J.0-S&) and Brent Walker beat 
Rosamundo 6-1 (6-2¥i). 

CBfT~AUBS;l. G Boyd-Gfabons (-It ft 


Fonseca (2). 

Mflaffw f TV ? 


CYCLING 

Aggressive 
strike 
wins gold 
medal 

From John Wilcockson 
Colorado Springs 

Moreno A«nun of Ifeff 
became a brilliant world cham- 
pion on Saturday to a pour 
professional road rart. If « had 
not been for this. 25-year-old 
Venetian's constant, probing at- 
tacks during the final 50 mites of 
ST otherwise negative 
championship! the medals 
would have been decided in a 
massive 70-man sprint. Fortu- 
nately, Atsentm'sasgressmn en- 
abled him to stay clear to wn 
the gold medal in a onesided 
sprint against Chariy Mottet of 
France, nine seconds before 
another Italian, Giuseppe 
Saronni. led in the field. 

Attacks from the breakaway 
group, first by FignoiL then 
Aigemin, resulied.n the Italian, 
Mottet and, Rolf Gob. oT West 
Germany starting the final lap 
with a 17-second advantage on a 
trio led by Fignon, and one 
minute 30 seconds over the 
bunch. 

There was some unexpected 
drama when the chasers dosed 
to within 300 yards of the 
leaders on the final, climb, where 
Golz was swallowed up by the 
pack, but Argpntin — who 
finished third last year - had 
enough reserves to step up his 
pace to assure himof the biggest 
victory of his career. 

PROFESSIONAL ROAD RACE_Jf162 


2, M EMott. 24; 3, S Yates 24. 


RUGBY UNION 

Quins lift 
trophy 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

With the expertise derived 
from four winning tournaments 
' including the Middlesex —.at 
the end of last season and on 
tour in the United States during 
the summer, the Harlequins 
retained the Wave!] Wakefield 
trophyat the Harlequins-Lord’s 
Taverners sevens tournament at 
the Stoop Memorial ground 
yesterday. 

They beat the Lord’s Tavern- 
ers 22-12 in the final helped by a 
defensive abberation which al- 
lowed Dent -to escape three 
tackles and run in from 70 
metres. 

There were two members of 
the successful English Bulldogs 
side which played in the Spent 
Aid sevens in Cardiff last May 
on each side. Rose and 
Cuswonh for the Taverners and 
Skinner and Olver for the 
Harlequins. The Taverners's led 
L2p6 at the interval through tries 
by Gibson and Brooks, the 
^placement, with Cusworlh 
converting twice. But Harle- 
quins blotted out the dangerous 
Sieves and ran in tries through 
Thompson. Hunter, Davies and 
Dent with Rose converting three 
of them. 


Rose, U Sttrmsr. J Otter 

(capq. A Dent . 

tgjBO' S TAVEmc na: P Sawn (Hartnfs 
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ftotottter. rand. N MrtuW (Heaonpv). 
i" p Budaon km ( rep, 

A irndoh Hosttyn Park). U G&fln 


ftOTflOrtbiali). 

MorotoATa 


A Trigg (London). 


ENTERTAINMENTS 


C u nt iH u ed from page 29 
' CINEMAS 


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City centre 
cheers 
sprinters 

By David DafiBeld 
The world professional pur- 
suit champion. Tony Doyle, 
scored another success in win- 
ning the final round of the 
Kellogg's City Centre 
championship yesterday. Rim- 
ing' around a 60-lap 1. 1-mile 
dose drcuh in the City of 
Westminster, Doyle narrowly 
beat .the Dutchman, Hennie 
Kuiper, in the sprint for the line 
and received a home-coming 
hero's welcome. 

With just 16 laps left, Doyle 
and Kuiper forced a break. 
Radng clockwise around a cir- 
cuit past Big Ben, they forged a 
23sec lead and were never 
caught The 10 continental 
based riders were revelling in 
the conditions and . looked like 
scoring the . first European suc- 
cess in the Kellogg's in four 
years. TheBritisfe professionals 
were involved in team tactics. 
The Europeans were out to win 
on the day. In die midst of all 
the action, Mike Doyle, of 
Moducd, won sufficient points 
to refaih the King of the Sprints 
ride. Bat in the end die other 
Doyle scored his second major 
success of the week. Malcolm 
Elliott won the bunch sprint for 
third place and in so doing ran 
out overall win no* of the seven 
part City Centre KeQogg’s series. 
RESULTS: 1. A Dqvte (Euerflaady^ 
Amraaook ft H Kufoar fSkalafc 3. M Btod 
(ANC HaliordEt ft F Hosts {Fagort 5. J 
Handy (Party Biton-Condor): 6. S Yatoi 
fPmmooft Final erarafl ctoa taflcaMow : 1, 
M EfioO. 53 potato; ft J Handy. 31: ft S 
Sutton. 31; ft F Hoator. 2ft 5, A Ttawta. 
20; ft J McLoughln. 2a Nog of Hi* 
Ki.Tmooyte, 


.9 


tataog-tyay* ^ 


Sdiiixr ^ taXHya* m 









THE TIMES MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 






s 


i'-:# - 

V V - ” 


if’.'SCEE 

rcisis?. 


presenter, Mark Curry, 
recreate the Mad Hatter's 
Tea Party as they trace the 
story of tea. (Ceefax) 

5J5 The FTmtstones. Cartoon 
series about a modem 
Stone Age family. 

6.00 Newt wfth Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas Witchell. 

Weather. 

*35 London Plus with John 
Stapleton. Unda Mitchell 
ana Caroline Wrlghton. 

7.00 Wogan. On tonight's guest 
list are Alan Alda, WHflam 
AiCson whoco-wrota the 
Monocled Mutineer and 
Janies Davies who was at 
Etapies atthe time of the 
mutiny, and Ruby Wax. 
Plus a song from Amazutu: 

7.35 Ufe on Earth. David 

Attenborough explores the 
Great Barrier Reef with its 
wide variety of primitive 
life including the Nautilus, 
a shelled relation of the 
octopus and squid, (r) 


*30 Brush Strokes. Comedy 
series about an amorous 
painter and decorator. 

: • Starring RariHowmarf 


9.00 News with John Hum phrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news ana * 
weather. 

9.30 Panorama. This first of a 
new series examines the 
problem of child abuse 
and the prosecution of 
offenders. George 
Carman, QC, believes that 
children must give 
evidence in court, but 
there is a school of 
thought that thinks the 
system in the United 
States whereby the 
abused are allowed to give 
evidence on video, is 



Rfee The Hunter (1980) 
starring Steve McQueen 
and QiWatlach. A drama, 
which turned out to be 
McQueen's last film, about 
a modem-day bounty 
hunter. After he tracks 
down his quarry, arrests 
him. and delivers him to 
the bail bondsman, Papa 
Tboreon discovers that his 


11.45 Weather. 


Today’s television and radio programmes £?*£ SSf 


Ceefax AM. News 
headlines, weather, travel 
and sports buHetlns: 

6.50 BreaWast rime with Guy 
Michelmore and Frank 

regtonalnews, weather 
and traffic at *57, 7.37, 
7*57 and *27; national and 
international news at 7.00. 
7^0,m&30and9!o? 
sport at 7JOand aifcand 
a review of the morning 
newspapers at *37. 
Among the other items is 

Steve Blackness gossip 
about the pop music 
scene. 

920 Ceefax 1030 Play School, 
presented by Rad Harris, 
with guest, Jane Hardv 


TV-AM 


*15 Good 



at 7.25; pop music at7.5S. 
After Nine, with Jayne 
Irving, includes guest Rick 




iTV/LONDON 


*25 Thames news headlines 
followed by Wattoo, 
Wettae. Cartoon series. 
*35 Rim: Buona Sera, Mrs 

Campbell (1 968) starring 

Gina UMtobriglda as the 
Italian mother whose life 
of ease financed from 


for her chad is 



• OU. (Channel 4, 10pm) is a 
meaty eight-part coBaboration 
between rate Grampian tv 
and the Norwegian television 
company, NRfC on a subject 
that is rarely out of the hearflnes. 
.The theme which underlies 
the stay of oilisthe tmpossiblfity 
of controfflng the rate of 
dscovery, so that there is always 
too much of the stuff or too 
Bttie. OB tycoons are made or 
.broken by their ability to 
impose order onto chaos and 
none did so with mora 
successfully than John D. 
Rockefefler, who is the 


CHOICE 


all. Grandson David leaps to 
the defence of the old rascal 
(who endured urafi th8 age of 
97) but other judgments are less 
flattering. Archive film is 
skBtofly blended with 
contemporary cartoons and 
the hindsight of today's oil 
industry pUmdits. 

•THE HUSBAND, THE 
WIFE AND THE STRANGER 
(BBC2, 10.15pm) is a puzzle 
play by Adrian Henri taken from 


inspired Akira Kurosawa's 
classic Rim, Rashomon. The 
three people ofthe tide, a couple 
out for a stroH and a man they 
meet on the way, are involved In 
ol 


happe n ed, leaving you and I, the 
audience, to make up our 
own minds. Adam Faith pbys the 
husband whose wife may or 
may not have been raped. 

•THE WELL OF UFE 
(Radio 4, 8.15pm) is a play by 
Peter Tegei about a bizarre 
and little explored aspect of the 
Nazi obsession to breed a 
racially pure master race. The 
Lebensoom Society set up 
homes for blond, biue-eyed 
children kidnapped in the 
occupied countries on their way 
to adoption bycarefuBy 
selected German fenwes. Many 
of the children never saw 
their real families again. Peter 
Tegei was himseif a chBd 
refugee from the Nazis and this 
is his third radio play about 
the period. 


MS 


American Atr Fores 
reunion in her Italian 
village. With Shelley 
Winters. Phil Savers, Peter 
Lawford end Telly 

Savalas. Directed by 
Melvin FTank. 11.25 Home 
Cookery Glob. Saucy 
Meat Cakes. (rt_ 

11-30 About Britain. The Lake 
District as described by 




12 M Teetime end Ctaucfia. (ri 
12.10 Lafs Pretend to trie 
tale of The One-Puppet 
Puppet Show, (r) 

1*30 MedtefrwMatteralThe 
confflct that can arise 
between employees and 
doctors; ana the effects of 
unemployment on the 
nation's nealth. (ri 
1.00 News st One L20 Thames 

1.30- FHnc The Ma gnificent 
Seven Deadly Sins (1971) 
starring Harry Secombe. 
Seven comedies 
parodying the seven 
deadly sins. Directed by 
Graham Stark. 325 
Thames news headlines 
320 The Young Doctors. 
420 Tickle on the Turn. Village 
tales for chHdren.4.10 
Bugs Bunny. Cartoon. (0 
4-20 He-Man and the 
Masters of the Universe. 
Animated science fiction 
series. 

4.45 Drama r ama : Juat a Game. 
Whenhefsrapreeentteg 
his school on a local radio 
quiz game Graham spots 
tne rival school's teacher 
signaling the answers to 
his team. (Oracle) 

5.15 Blockbusters. - 

5^45 News 620 Thames news. 

625 Heipf Community action . 

news from Vhr Taylor Gee. 
625 CwniHTMHifv 
720 The Krypton Factor 
introduced by Gordon 
Bums. Three menand a 
woman compete in this 
round ofthe brain and 
brawn competition. 


720 Coronation Street GaH 
has to make the choice 
• between her husband and 
'■•her baby. (Oracle) . 

820 We*! Tim* Of Something. 
Comedy serial-starring 
SamKeUyasLes.aman 
.determined to fight • • 
unemployment positively. 

628 The Benny m Show. 
Comedy sketches and 
songs from the master of 
innuendafrt 

9.00 Film: Merme (1964) 

-- sfarrirwTippi Hedran and 
Sean Connery. A 
kleptomaniac is employed 
by a men who recognises 
• her from a previous 
encounter. When she 
empties his safe he 
fotows her, woos her, 
marries her, and cures 
her. But he cannot find the 
cause of the nightmare in 
her past that makes her 
frigid. Directed by Alfred 
Hitchcock, (continues after 
the news) 

1020 News at Ten. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 
headlines. 

1020 Rbic Mamie continued. 

1220 World Chess 

Champtonshipu Raymond 
Keene reports from 
Leningrad on the latest 
news of the games 
between Karpov and 
Kasparov. 

1220 Night Thoughts. 


(Concerto Grosso in C 
minor. Op 6 no 3, Saberi 
(Triple Concerto in D.with 
Camera Bern), anon 
(Saitaretio. and B 
marchese di Saluzzo). *00 
News 

825 Concert (contd): 

Monluszko (FEs), 

Granados's Spanish Dances, 
Set a Alma de Larrocha, 
piano. Rimsky-Korsakov 
(Golden Cockerel suite). 

*00 News 

925 This Week's Composen 
Beethoven. Egmont.Op 
84, overture and incidental 

music ( with Lorenger, 
soprano, and 
Wussowjoaaker). 
MeerassJ^uid^UCkKche 
Fahn. Op 1 12 (Vienna SO 
and Vienna Singvarein) 

1020 Angela Hewitt piano 



*10 Proms (continued): 
Beethoven (Symphony 
No 3) 

920 Hamish Mftw piano 
-recital Haydn (Sonata m 
E flat H XVI 49) and 
Schumann (Sonata in F 
sharp minor, Op 11) 

1*15 Jazz Revisited: with 
Steve Racer (8) (d 
1120 OthmarSchoedc 

Lsbendig begraben, Op 
40 . Berlin RSO under Fritz 
Riger, with Rscher- 
Dieskau, baritone 
11.45 Schubert Nocturne: 

Beaux Arts Trio ptey the 
Adagio in E flat, D ©7. 
1127 News. 1220 
Closedown 

( Radio 2 "2 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF 

News on the hour. Sports 
Desks 1.05, 222. 3^422, 525, 
*02, *45 (mf only). *5* 

Cricket scoreboard 720pm. 

4.00 Charles Novo 5-30 Coin 
Berry 720 Derek Jameson *30 
Ken Bruce 1120 Jimmy Young 
1.05 pm David Jacobs 225 Qnria 
Hunniford 320 David Hamilton 

525 Chris Sene 720 Alan Dell vtti 


Dance Band Days, end at 72* 

Bm Band Era 820 Big Band Special 
(BBC Big Band) 920 Humphrey 
Lytttelon with The Best of Jazz *55 
Sports Desk 1020 The ABC 
Quiz with Ken Bruce 1*30 Star 
Sound. Nick Jackson with Nm 
soundtrack requests. 11.00 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 
Midnight 120 am Patnck Lunt 
presents Ntahtride 320-420 A 
little Night Music 


No 4) 

220 Prom Talk: includes an 
interview with Solti. 
Presented by Roger Wright 
to 

220 New Records: Chabrier, 


; Radio 1 


MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below) 

News on the half-hour fre 


orch Ravel (Manual 
pompeux), Jadin (Sonata in 
C sharp minor. Op 4 No 
3: Pennetier, piano). Franck 
(Lbb EoWes). Gounod 
(Serenade, with Fischer- 
Dieskau), Faura. orch 
Rabaud (Doty Suite). Faura 
(Barcarole No 4 and 
Impromptu No 1: Kathryn 
Stott, piano), Durufla 
(motets sur des themes 
Gregoriens. etc), Rodrigo 
(Conoerto Serenata. with 
Nancy Allen. Iwp). Bizet 
(La cocdneliB), Chabrier 
(VSanetiedes petits 
canards, with Richard 
Jackson, baritone). Ravel 
(Vtoin Sonata: Mintz and 
Bronfman), Debussy 


*30 am until 820 pm then 1*30 

and 1200 midnight. 

520 am Simon Mayo 720 MB's 
Smith's Breakfast Show *30 Andy 
Peebles 1230 pm newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 
*00 Steve Wright 520 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 5^*5 
Bruno Brookes 720 Jance 
Long 1020-1220 John Peal. VHF 
Stereo RADIOS 1 A 2> 420 am 
As Radio 2 1020 pm As Radio 1. 
1200-4.00 am As Radio 2 


WORLD SERVICE 


(Pbeme dansA and JauxL 
4.55 News 

520 Mainly for Pleasure: wfth 
Natalie Wheen 
620 Organ music: Martin 
Hasetoock plays works 
by C P E Bach (Sonatas In G 
minor, Wq 70 No 6, and 
in F major, Wq 70 No 3 ) and 
Liszt (WeimarsVofkslied, 
and Organ Mass) 

720 Outrageous: Tom 
Lubbock's playlet, with 
Phyffida Law. Christopher 
Godwin and Paul B 
Davies 


720 Proms 86: Bavarian 
Radio SO (under Sir 
CoDn Davis). Stravinsky 
(Symphony In Three 
Movements) 


720 Credo: Adrian Dunbar 
reads Daniel Magee's 
story 






The 
DavL 
Rhys 
1012 The - 





ENTERTAINMENTS 


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7 - 

•' * XI 


30 


MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8 1986 


rwr 




First published in 1785 


‘Our Czechs’ and 


SPORT 



‘their Czechs’ 


in a closed shop 


From Rex Bdkunr, Tennis Correspondent, New York 


The 19S6 United Sates 
championships will be 
remembered as the tour- 
nament in which four players 
born in Czechoslovakia 
turned the singles finals into a 
facsimile of a dosed shop. 
Thai is. obviously, almost 
incredibly unique. One of 
those players. Martina 
Navratilova, is a United 
States citizen and another, 
Ivan Lendl also lives in the 
US. But it was as Czecho- 
slovaks that they became ten- 
nis champions. 

An American lady who 
helps to look after the Press 
corps suggested the other day 
that, the tournament was 
“boiling down to whether our 
Czechs can beat their Czechs”. 
So it turned out, with Lendl 
playing Miloslav Merir in one 
final and Miss Navratilova 
taking on Helena Sukova in 
the other. Medr had con- 
founded the seedings three 
times, by beating Mats 
Wjlander, Joakim Nystrom 
and Boris Becker, and Miss 
Sukova bad done so once, by 
dismissing Chris Lloyd. 

For a time h seemed likely 
that two German teenagers 
would dispute yesterday's 
finals with Czechoslovaks. 
But Steffi Graf, who had three 
match points, was beaten 6-1, 
6-7. 7-6 by Miss Navratilova 
on Saturday in a match that 
had been rained off the pre- 
vious evening. Becker, the 
Wimbledon champion, was 
beaten 4-6. 6-3. 6-4, 3-6. 6-3 by 
Mecir in 3hr I8min. 

Becker was tested by Mecir 
at Wimbledon, but the special 
nature of grass-court tennis 
worked in favour of the 
powerful German. Becker can- 
not win as many easy points 
on hard courts, which offer 
Mecir the true bounce his 
timing demands. For all that 
we expected Becker to blast 
Mecir to defeat: and we were 
wrong. 

Becker, aged 18, is not yet 


sure of himself on hard courts. 
Nor is he sure of himself 


against Mecir. Nobody is. “I 
had no game plan ana at 


beginning 
respect for 


the 

I had too much 
respect for him.” Becker said 
later. “You never know what 
he's going to do, be has such a 
big return that he can hit a 
winner off my best serve. And 
when I hit a good approach 
he's so fast that he can make a 
good shot. He doesn't serve 
hard but he serves deep. 
Sometimes it's so weak that 
you don't know whether to hit 
it hard or chip it.” 


Results 


MEN’S SINGLES: Semi-flMlK I 
Lendl (Cz) bt S Edbera (Swe). 7-6, 8- 
2 6-3: M Met* (Cz) bt B Becker 
MG). 4-6, 6-3. 6-4. 3-8. 6-3. 
WOMEN'S SINGLES: Scad-finals: 
M Navratilova (US) bt S Graf (WG), 
6.1, 6-7. 7-6. 


Becker's inhibitions were 
reflected in tactical un- 
certainty and technical errors. 
Too often, he was lured into 
the subtle sparring at which 
the deceptive Mecir excels. 
Again, Mecir displayed a rare 
knack of turning defence into 
attack with one startling shoe. 
“Today I returned very wel- 
land just tried to hit the ball in 
the best place,” Mecir said. “If 
he didn't know where it was 
going, 1 didn't mind. If he did 
know. I didn't mind that 
either”. 


Miss Gia£ aged 17. made a 
superb recovery aftera first set 
in which she was given a 
hiding. Even during the recur- 
rent. nerve-twanging crises of 
the second and third sets, her 
composure never faltered ex- 
cept for three wayward fore- 
hands. Once Miss Graf had 
settled down, her footwork 
was exemplary and she be- 
came adept at shortening her 
swing and taking the ball early 
in order to frustrate Miss 
Navratilova's assaults. 

Miss Navratilova became 


anxious, sometimes wild- 
eyed. She had great advan- 
tages in her strength and her 
serving and volleying but Miss 
Grafs resilient counters bred 
caution and error. Miss Graf 
won the first tie-break with an 
unexpected ace. In the third 
set Miss Navratilova came 
within a point of serving for 
the match at 5-2 but, amid a 
tension that was almost tan- 
gible, Miss Graf turned 2-4 
into 5-4 and had two match 
points. Each time her fore- 
hand let her down, though the 
second shot was dose. 

In the tie-break Miss Graf 
muffed a forehand at 5-3 but 
had athird match point at 8-7. 
This time Miss Navratilova 
charged and Miss Graf found 
the net in attempting a back- 
hand passing shot. Meantime 
Miss Navratilova, now a 
blend of heavy puncher, crafty 
boxer and. desperate street- 
fjghier. was displaying her 
competitive steel. Miss Graf 
saved two match points. Then 
a forehand error gave Miss 
Navratilova a third chance: 
and a service winner to the 
backhand ended an 18-point 
tie-break and what had, for 
two sets, been a tremulously 
exciting match. 

Medr in victory and Miss 
Graf in defeat somewhat ob- 
scured the memory of Lendf s 
admirable 7-6, 6-2. 6-3 win 
over Stefan Edberg. They 
played a marvellous first set, 
which Edberg lost with a 
backhand approach shot that 
was an inch or so the wrong, 
side of perfection. The out- 
come of that set affected the 
confidence of both men. It 
became increasingly clear that 
the nimble, hard-hitting Lendl 
was always dangerous, that 
there was no chink in his 
armour, whereas Edbeig’s 
forehand was often tentative 
and his renowned serving and 
volleying could not always 
take the strain of Lendl's 
flexible repostes. 



Bouncy Czech: Medr on his way to victory against Becker in their semi-final 


HORSE TRIALS 


Leng’s fourth title in a row 


By Jenny MacArthur 


To the deafening applause 
of the packed arena Virginia 
Leng, the world and European 
champion, yesterday won the 


Burghtey Remy Martin horse 
to 


trials for the fourth time in 
succession. No other rider has 
won it more than twice. 

Victory was made all the 
sweeter because it came on 
British National Life 
Assurance's eight-year-old, 
Murphy Himself, who had 
never seen anything as big as 
Buighley before. In fact, Mrs 
Leng said afterwards that win- 
ning yesterday gave her as 
much pleasure as winning the 
world championships in May 
on her top horse. Priceless, 
because it proved that Mur- 
phy Himself, whom she chose 
herself as a four-year-old and 


whom she describes as “so 
reliable, so intelligent,” could 
stay the distance required for a 
major three-day event He 
now looks to be an exdl' ' 


prospect for the 198 
Olympics. 


Bruce Davidson, from the 
United States, who won the 
first of his two world 
championship titles at Burgh- 
ley in 1974, had to be content 
with runner-up on the 14- 
year-old J J Babu. despite a 
flawless performance over the 
three days. Richard Walker, 
on Accumulator, and Ian 
Stark, on Glenbumie, who 
also finished on their dressage 
score, stayed in third and 
fourth places respectively. 


leaders in the final 
showjumping phase, over a 
fair sized course designed by 
John Doney, came when 
Helen Ogden and Streetlighter 
and Michael Tucker with 
General Bugle each had one 
fence down dropping out of 
the top six. The next three all 
had dear rounds putting enor- 
mous pressure on Mrs Leng, 
who was separated by less 
than a point from Davidson. 


MOTOR RACING 


Mansell extends lead to five 


points by coming second 


From John Blnusden, Monza 


r 


The only change among the 



It says much for Mrs Lena's 
nerve and ability that, despite 
the pressure, she produced a 
typically well judged dear 
round to claim the £6,000 first 
prize. The sponsors, in 
admiration of her fourth win, 
also presented herwithasetof 
four Baccarat French crystal 
cognac glasses. 


With such a glittering win- 
ner it was easy to overlook the 
several other superb perfor- 
mances. In addition to the top 
four, there was Robert 
Lemieux and The 
Gamesmaster, back on top 
form and finishing in fifth 
place, and then there was 
Loma Clarke and Myross, 
whose sixth place was all the 
more creditable because this 
was the same horse she took to. 
Australia in May for the world 
championships where she won 
the team gold and individual 
bronze medaL 


Borahtey Remy Horae Tri- 
als 1, Murpfty Himself (V Unfit. 
42J2: 2, JJ Babu (Davidson. US). 43: 
3. Accumulator (R Walter), 46.6; 4, 
Glenbumie (I Stark). 50.4; 5. The 
Gamesmaster (R Lemieux), 55-4; 6, 

ass? 9 ' 

6GJ5; to, Aloaf (R Hunt), fi£L6. 


NA 


demonstration of race 
competitiveness by the Canon 
Williams team ended yes- 
terday with Nelson Piquet 
winning the Italian Grand 
Prix and Nigel Mansell finish- 
ing runner-up less than 10 
seconds behind and extending 
his lead in the world 
championship. 

The two Williams-Honda 
drivers who have now won 
four races each this season 
from 13 starts were given an 
easier task than usual this time 
when their two main 
championship rivals, Alain 
Prost and Ayrton Senna, were 
put out of contention in the 
opening seconds of the race. 

Prost, who had taken sec- 
ond place on the starting grid 
with his Marlboro McLaren, 
failed to start for the parade 
lap because of a broken alter- 
nator and consequent flat 
battery. He moved to his spare 
car and waited for the rest of 
the field to complete then- 
formation lap before joining 
the race behind them from the 
pit road. 

His battle through the field 
into fifth place by lap 21 was 
the highlight of this 51-lap 
contest but it was all to no 
avail A mid-race pit stop to 
refix the nose of ms car cost 
him half a minute and 
dropped him back to ninth, 
then five laps later the black 
flag was held out to call him in 
again because he had infringed 
the race regulations. 

His switch to the spare car 
had been made too late for 
him to take pan in the parade 
lap.But it was all academic 
because Prost’s engine was 
already failing . 

Senna's trouble came mo- 
ments afteT the green starting 
light came on. As he accel- 
erated away from the grid 
something broke in the trans- 


mission ofhis J.PJS. Lotas and 
he freewheeled to a halL 
Johnny Dumfries also retired 
with transmission trouble af- 
ter climbing to ninth place by 
the seventeenth lap. 

Ferrari put in a creditable 
performance on their home 


team were looking with some 
confidence for a good result 
here but Derek Warwick spun 
out of the race on some 
dropped o3 and Riccardo 
Patrese damaged his car when 
he was unable to avoid Patrick 
Tambay, who was in trouble 
with his Lola-ForxL 


Results 


ITALIAN GRAND PROG 1, N Piquet 
(Bri. Canon Wffiams-Honda, 51 
taps, Ihr 17min 42689sec, 141.904 
mph; 2. N Mansell (GB), Canon 
VuWtairn-Honda, 1:17.52.717; 3, S 
Johansson (Swe), Ferrari, 
1:18.05.804; 4. K Rosberg (Bn). 
Marlboro McLaren-Tag, 
1:18-36.698; 5. GBerger (Austria), 
Benetton-BMW, 50 taps: 6. A Jones 
fAus). Lola-Ford, 49 laps; 7, T 
Boutsen 


Martin Brim die looked set 
for a championship point in 
his Data General Tyrrell untfl 
it developed an engine misfire 
20 laps from the end (he 
slipped to tenth place) while 
Jonathan Palmer's race in his 
Zakspeed was halted by en- 
gine feflui 


lure. 


Barclay Arrows- 


BMW. 48 laps; 8. C Danner (WG£ 


Barclay Arrows-BMW, 49 laps; 9, 


SJretff'(Fr). Data General Tyrrel- 
Renautt, 49 


laps; 10, M Brandts 
(GB), Data General Tyrrefl-Ftanauit, 
49 laps: 11, A Caffi (ft), Osella-Atfa 
Romeo, 45 laps. 

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP: Drivers: 


1, Mansell. 61 pts; 2, Piquet, 56; 3, 
“ — - 8;5, Roi 


Prost 53; 4, Senna, 48; i 
22; 6, Johansson, 18; equal 
Lafflte and Amoux, 14; 9, A tooreto. 
12; 10, Berger, 8; 11, Brundle, 5; 12, 
Jones, 4; equal 13. Tambay, Fabi, 
Dunfrfes and Patrese, 2; equal 17, 
Danner and Straff, 1. Constructors: 
1, Willlarna-Honda, I17pts; 2, 
McLaren-Tag, 75; 3, Lotus-Re nautt. 
50; 4, Ferrari, 30; 5. Ligfer-RenauJt, 
28; 6, Benetton-BMW, 10; equal 7. 
Lota-Ford and Tynefl Renault 8; 9, 
Brabham-BMW, 2; 10, Arrows- 
BMW, 1. 


territory, Michele Aiboreto 
holding a strong third place 
behind the two w illiams driv- 
ers until he span on oiL made 
a pit stop to replace the 
damaged tyre, then worked his 


way back from eleventh place 
before i ’ 


his engine expired. 

Stefan Johansson also had 
an excellent race in the other 
Ferrari, climbing on to the 
leader board within five laps 
of the start and eventually 
taking third place ahead of 
Keke Rosberg. 

The improving Brabham 


gme 

The Piquet-Mansell battle, 
which took command of the 
race from the sixth lap on- 
wards, was a hard bat clean- 
fought contest with Mansell 
dominant in the fust half and 
Piquet after the mid-race 
stops. “Nigel was very quick 
for the first part," Piquet said 
afterwards, “and I was wor- 
ried I would use too much fuel 
in catching him. Then I lost an 
extra five seconds at the pits 
when my new. right front 
wheel got stuck. Afterwards, I 
went as fast as I dared to catch 
up, then I realized Nigel must 
have been in some sort of 
trouble as I dosed in and 
passed him.** 

Mansell took up the story: 
“For some reason one of my 
seat belts came loose and I 
started to move about in the 
cockpit This meant that I 
wasn't able to steer the car 
with the same sort of precision 
and as a result I started to wear 
out my front tyres quite 
badly.” 

But both drivers agreed it 
had beep a satisfying 'contest 
and as they went into their 
cooling-down lap Piquet 
slowed, Mansell drew along- 
side him and they each ap- 
plauded the other 


CRICKET 


Botham renews attack on Somerset 


Ian Botham yesterday lau- 
nched another fierce attack 
against his employers, Somer- 
set, making dear be would not 
waver from his threat In leave 
the dub along with the dis- 
missed Vfr Richards and Joel 
Garner. At least three Somer- 
set committee members said 
they would themselves be 
proposing that, because of his 
outbursts, a two-year contract 
on offer to Botham be with- 
drawn immediately. 

Botham, in a local radio 


By Paul Martin 
interview, called the dub's 
actions “disgusting”, and said 
the committee were “ex- 
tremely arrogant” to believe, 
they coaid manage without 
Richards. It was “bloody 
ridiculous” to regards Rich- 
ards, now 34, as on the decline. 
“The only way I would play for 
Somerset now is if there- was a 
complete turnabout, and Viv 
and Joel were reinstated.” 


some Somerset members as a 
“big insult”, a view already 
indicated to the dab by Rich- 
ards himself. In .any .case, 
Martin Growe has now written 
accepting a. three-year con- 
tract, leaving no room for 
suggestions Out he play in 
only some of the matches, the 
dnb has confirmed. ' •* 


Botham described com- 
promise proposals made by 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


Finns fill 


top places 


Non-stop flights. 
Comfort. 
Caavenknce. 


Jyvnskyla, Finland (Reuter)* 
— Time Salonen, the world 
champion, driving a Peugeot, 
led a Finnish sweep of the top 
three places in the 1,000 lakes 


motor rally yesterday. 

men docked 3 hr 3 2m in 


SAA has the biggest choice of non-stop flights to 
and from South Africa and the biggest choice of 
destinations all over Southern Africa. 

We offer you all the space, facilities and service on 
board aircraft designed to meet our specifications. 

We have single terminal simplicity via Heathrow 
Terminal 1, for fast connections with U.K. domestic, 
Irish and European flights. 

Fly SAA, the airline that offersvou all the care and 
attention of the No. 1 choice. 


Salonen 
45sec for the 48 special stages, 
24 seconds fester than his 
Peugeot team colleague. Juba 
Kankkunen, the champion- 
ship leader. Another Finn, 
Markku Aten, a four-time 
winner, was third. 



Welsh fitter 


Tony Gray, the Wales rugby 
union coach, put 52 ofhis top 
players through testing fitness 
routines and reported a 20 to 
25 per cent level of improve- 
ment from the end of last 
season, when they were given 
fitness work to do. Players are 
also being asked to improve 
their diet, limit their beer 
intake and to cut down on 
their number of dub matches. 


Mb. 

Ziar. may retire 


Zico worry 


High stakes 


Bassett’s prize 


SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS 

Fur full tklif!-, contact vim r navel jjpnt nr mil SAAui: 251-1-*' Rtjjrfi I Street. 
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Dave Bassett, of Wimble- 
don Football Ctub, who are 
top of the League after their 
firet four matches in the first 
division, was yesterday 
named Bells Scotch Whisky 
Manager of the Month. 
Bassett, who took Wimbledon 
from the fourth division to the 
first in four seasons, receives a 
gallon of scotch and £250. 


Rio de Janeiro. (APJ — 
Zico. the brilliant Brazilian 
footballer plagued by recur- 
rent knee problems, said he 
would rather retire than 
undergo major surgery and 
still not be able to play. Zico 
said in a newspaper interview; 
“ I will have to give up the 
struggle ifthe situation doesn't 
alter. Fm not going to submit 
to one more sacrifice without 
having a guarantee that 1 can 
return to play.” 


Tony Allcock, the world 
indoor bowls champion, will 
be among the favourites to 
capture a first prize of £12.000 
at next month's Liverpool 
Victoria Insurance 
SuperbowL 


Patil retires 


New Delhi (Reuter) — The 
Indian Test batsman, Sandeep 
Paul, is retiring from first class 
cricket to concentrate on bis 
business interests. 


Supporters of the dismissed 
players have now resolved to 
hand in their petition foremga 
special general meeting at 
-which they hope to reverse tie 
dismissals and overturn the 
committee; but committee 
members indicated that, even 
if a no-confidence motion were 
passed, the majority might not 
resign. 


The dub's cricket comnrit- 
lee chalnnan. Brian Langford, 
has responded to Botham's 
remarks with a few barbs of 
bis own. “Ian should look at 
how supportive Somerset have 
been to him, how we stood by 
him despite his two-month 
suspension: we deserve better 
than this,” he said, pointing 
out that Botham had not even 
been required to play in the 
Somerset second XI daring 
that time. He noted that white 
Botham had helped to sweU 
crowds, he had made tittle 
impact with the ban for 
Somerset in several seasons.” 


Langford mamlaft^ tiff 
despite a dahn by Viv Rich- 
ards that the dob had treated 
hhn and Garner “ like ani- 
mals”, the two West Indians 
had been “fortunate not to 
have had their contracts ter- 
minated in 1985, when 
foiled to turnup for three 
weeks." 


Cottee suits 
right down 

to the ground 


B , Start Jones, IWball Correspoodcnl 

Lineker and Beardsley bad 
available. Rather than 


Four years ago Bobby Rob- 
son began his national man- 
agerial career in Scandinavia, 
where England opened their 
European championship cam- 
paign with a 2-2 draw against 
Denmark. Today, as he re- 
turns there for the only dress 
rehearsal before his squad go 
into the same competition, he 
will carry a strong sense or 
dejd. ml ' 

Two days before his open- 
ing night in 1982 he lost two Of 
his certain selections, Coppeii 
and Thompson, through in- 
jury. Two days before leaving 
this, afternoon for an inter- 
national match with Sweden 
in Stockholm he learnt that 
two members of his intended 
line-up. Beardsley and 
Hatelcy, had similarly been 
forced to withdraw. 

Ifthe regrettable breakdown 
in communications between 
Robson and Lineker tore a 
hole in his attacking designs, 
the absence of his second and 
third choices has ripped them 
apart. His list of striking 
possibilities now indude only 
Barnes, Dixon. Waddle and 
Cottee, the West Ham United 
youngster who was sum- 
moned as the lone replace- 
ment on Saturday. 

Even though he has no 
international experience, 
Cottee is the prime candidate. 
He fits the new mould of the 
English centre forward. 
Whereas they were once 
shaped like giant redwood 
trees, they are now as sleek as 
turbo engines. Whereas they 
were once feared for their 
power in the air, they' are 
gaining a reputation for their 
speed over the ground. 

like Lineker and Beardsley, 
Cotiee’s centre of gravity 
scrapes along the floor. His 
acceleration is explosive, his 
control is neat and his aim is 
refined. He confirmed his 
potential last season by scor- 
ing 20 goals and, with timely 
precision,. he added another 
on Saturday a few hours after 
being told ofhis promotion to 
the senior squad. 

Robson would not have 
recalled Hateley, a 

presente xample of the former 

erawho disappointed during 
the World Cup finals, if both 


been - . - 

bringing in Dixon, who is built 
along the same lines as 
Haidey. he is expected to 
select Barnes, who has-been 
living in the shadow of Wad- 
dle on the flank. 

Before the World Cup tie 
against Poland three months 
ago, he was pushed into 
changing strategy and players 
alike. He knew that to persist 
with a midfield line of only 
three and to expect, to compete 
with the strongest nations w 
the -world, his namesake and 
captain had to be fit. But 
Bryan Robson was not Nor 
was an understudy available. 

Since his most influential 
individual is still missing - 
Robson, incidentally, came 
through an A learn match for 
Manchester United on Sat- 
urday and could be fit by next 
weekend — Bobby Robson 
cannot revert to the old sys- 
tem even if he is convinced 
that iL will work. In Mexico « 
became painfully -apparent 
that the use of a winger was a 
dangerously adventurous 
plan. It threatened England’s 
own security as much as that 
of the opposition. 

If the recent performances 
of either Waddle or Barnes 
bad been of a higher quality 
and of a greater consistency, 
he might have persuaded him- 
selfio retain his belief in them. 
He could have introduced his 
other namesake, Stewart, 
against the Swedes on 
Wednesday and prepare for 
the probable return of Bryan 
in next month's opening 
qualifying tie. 

Instead, he is likely to take 
the opportunity .of trying 
Barnes in a central role, where 
he has appeared for Watford, 
and limit future restructuring. 
Anderson, Martin and Wil- 
ldns should fill the gaps that 
have been left by the absences 
of Stevens, Fenwick and Reid 
respectively for the same rea- 
son of convenience. - 

As one. goalkeeping Ranger 
withdrew, another took hfs 
place yesterday. David Sea- 
man. of Queen's Park Rang- 
ers, stepped into the squad for 
Chris Woods, of Glasgow 
Rangers, who has- injured a 
leg. .. . 


Hodges called up 


The Wales manager, Mike 
England, made ita memorable 
weekend for Wimbledon’s 
Glyn Hodges yesterday, call- 
ing him into the squad for 
Wednesday’s European 


Wednesday s fcuropean 
Championship qualifying 
match against Finland ro Hel- 
sinki. Hodges, a midfield 
player whose god against 
Watford on Saturday kept 
Wimbledon on top of the first 
division, replaces David Phil- 
lips, of Coventry City, who 
injured an ankle against be 
former club, Manchester Gty. 


Wales, without the sus- 
pended Barcelona forward, 
Mark Hughes, and the unfit 
Everton defender, Pat Van 
Den Hauwe, were given an- 
other injury scare when 
Jeremy Charles, of Oxford 


United, was concussed at 
Aston Villa. But England said 
he would be fit to travell 

Liverpool's uncapped de- 
fender. Gary Gillespie, and 
Celtic’s Murdo McLeod were 
yesterday, drafted into 
Scotland's injury-hit squad for . 
their European qualifying 
match against- Bulgaria at. 
Hampden Park oh 
Wednesday. 

Aberdeen's Alex McLeisb 
and Robeii Connor, Gary 
Mackay of Heart of Midlo- 
thian and Gillespie's Liver- 
pool colleague Alan. Hansen 
have all withdrawn injured. 

“Gary has always been in 
our minds, but perhaps he has 
jumped the queue a little,'* 
Andy Roxburgh. Scotland's 
hew manager, said. 


ATHLETICS 


Cram and Coe run the 
season’s fastest times 


From Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent; Rieti 


British domination of world 
middle distance running this 
year was emphasized here in 
the gorgeous surroundings of 
the Sab ini Valley, north of 
Rome, yesterday. Steve Cram, 
at 800 metres, then Sebastian 
Coe, at 1,500 metres, ran the 
fastest times of the season, 
with Coe's 3min 29.77sec 
being the equal fourth fastest 
ever. Cram ran I min 43.19sec, 
beating by 0.03sec ’ the time 
with which be won the 
Commonwealth title. 


Before his race Coe had 
looked about as serious as he 
ever seems to get about a 
competition nowadays. And 
the reason was dear at the 
gun. when Ahmed Belkessam 
raced furiously into the lead 
and ran the first lap in 
5336sec. The Algerian, and 
then James Mays, relayed to 
800 metres in lmin 5I.05sec 
and the bell in 2min 34J3sec. 


for the Mobil Grand Prix final 
m. Rome on Wednesday. So 
Cram stayed with the 800 ; 
metres, although arriving here 
at past midnight on- the day of , 
the race did not. as he admit- 
ted, put him in the best frame * 
of mind for a fast lime. 

The first surprise was the- 
pacemaker, Darren Clark. The 
world class Australian 400 . 
metres runner and Common- 
wealth stiver medal winner is - 
built like a tank, but used to be . 
an 800 metres runner when he 
was . 14. He was'2! on Sat--, 
nrday. and is- thinking of . 
running 800 occasionally next 
year. He did a perfect pacing • 
job. 5136sec at 400 metres, . 
and still looked easy .ai 550 
metres when he meVed aside., 
to let Cram through. 

Cram rebuffed an attack by 
william Wuyeke throughout 
the last 200 metres, and won 


* 



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Coe bad lost contact slightly 
on the penultimate lap; but 
once the pacemakers dropped 
away be bad . a dear lead of 40 
metres on Sydney Maree, and; 
despite the evident pain, Coe 
raced home exactly one sec- 
ond fester than was Steve 
Ovett when he set one of the 
previous world records here 
three years ago. 

After his narrow miss of the 
world 1 .500 metres recoid' in 
Brussels on _ Friday nig ht. 
Cram had briefly considered 
running the same rftegnw 
here, thinking he wonjd finally 
catch up with Said Aouita, 
who seems to be avoiding 
him, and is the one man (with 
Coe) capable of pushing 
Cram, as well as himself to h 
world record. • 


easing up in Imin43.19sec. 
said afterwards: “I don't* 


/» 


dunk I was at Toy best ia 
Stuttgart, and I thought that 
the race in Brussels' was going ' 


ss 


to be my last big one 
r - if I had been in die right' 


year. 

frame of mind and in good- 
shape, I could have run a fair 
bu fester.” ■ 


r 


Evelyn Ashford is having a' 
superb season in a non- 
championship vear for Amerik 
ran athletes. She has ' beaten 
Duster, double 1 
woria record bolder add dou- 
bte European gold medal win-' 
per. ■ twice this season, the 
latest being at 200 metres in 
gSfsepahford beat Marties 
<Jonr. her long-time adversary 
.and another mat East Ger-' 

man Cnrmlm. £_ in An ■ ... - 








v .< - 


“5 1 sprmter, in ULSSsec here ' 
•the fastest time in the 


But Aouita is saying himself 


also 

world this year. 

. Westminster nife, pay yi