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middle order 


By RoKn Oakley and PhfUp Webster 
in_ine most extensive re- r^arded newcomers to the 

same department, the out- 
spoken Midlands MP Mis 
Edwina Currie and the leading 

QC, Mr Nicholas LydL 
One surprise was the 


shuffle of her two goverd^ 
meats, the Prime Minister last 
night refashioned the middle 
ranks of her ministerial iyain 
for the rtm-up to the general 
election. . 

• The Cabinet was left un- 
touched, but shg 

seven ministers in 33 rfiangf i r . 
There are further changes to 
come. 

- Only on the formation of 
her second government in 
June, 1983, has Mrs Thatcher 
pruned her ministerial t»m 
so comprehensively. 
Yesterday’s reshuffle will 
please the radical Tory right 
but disappoint the ‘'wets”. 

Mrs Thatcher considered 
changes at Cabinet level bat 
quickly discarded the idea, 
reckoning that after the 
changes forced on her earlier 
this_year, a period of stability 
was needed. 

* -But a central theme of the 
- reorganization was a 

strengthening of Mr Norman 
Fowler’s Department of 
Health and Social Security. 

Conservative party chiefs 
had been alarmed at the 
success of the Labour Parly’s 
propaganda battle on health 
and Mr Fowler was reported 
last night to be delighted with 
the changes which move Mr 
Tony Newton, seen in 
Downing Street as a high- 
flyer, to the key post of 
Minister for Health. He re- 
places Mr Barney Hayhoe. 

Mr John Major is promoted 
to Mr Newton's old job as 
Minister of State for Social 
Security. There are two well- 


appointment of Mr Peter 
Morrison to become an addi- 
tional, deputy chairman of the 
Conservative Party with the 



Mr HJhodes Boyswn: promot- 
ed to environment 



Mr Pattac moving to 
overseas development. 


specific task of gearing up the 
party machine and allowing 
the party chairman Mr Nor- 
man Tebbrt more time to 
comcentrate on government 
jnd rahinftf dities. 

It was emphasized last night 
that Mr Morrison’s move 
from the Department ofTrade 
and industry was not a demo- 
tion but a recognition of his 
administrative abilities^ 

The biggest blow for the 
parly's liberal wing was the 
sideways move for Mr Chris- 
topher Patten from Minister 
of State for Education to the 
political backwater of Min- 
ister for Overseas Develop- 
ment Mr Patten, who had 
been pushed by the Tory left 
as a potential successor to Sir 
Keith Joseph when he stood 
down at education, had been 
equally championed this thne 
for the more glamorous post 
of health minister. 

Although Mr Patten’s move 
was described last night as 
expression of the Prii 
Minister’s confidence in him 
and a development of his 
carter, there will be scepticism 
among Conservative MPs. 

Mrs Currie and Mr LyeQ are 
two of the six newcomers to 
the Government named last 
night. The others are Mr 
Doogjas Hogg, a former whip 
who becomes a junior min- 
ister at the Home Office; Mr 
Peter Viggers, who goes to the 
Northern Ireland Office as an 
under secretary; and two peers 
who move into the whips 
office in the Lords: Lord 
Hesketb and Lord 
Beaverbrook. 



Edwina 
Department 


the new under-secretary 
'Health and Social Security. 


Tomorrow 

p 

Shark 
attack 



Return of the 
Great White Shark; 
Open champion 
Greg Norman leads 
the challenge at 
the European Open 
at Sunningdale 


Keeping Portfolio 





900 to lose 
mine jobs 

The Coal Board announced 
that nearly 900 miners are to 
lose their jobs with the merger 
of two Scottish pit&Tbe link- 
ing of Bilston Glen, near 
Edinburgh, and MinktonhalL 
five miles away, comes after 
the two pits have lost £60 mil- 
lion during the past five 
years Page 2 

BMA doubts 

The Labour Party's charter 
published yesterday to give 
patients better access to good 
health care, and to abolish 
prescription charges, has been 
criticized by the British Medi- 
cal Association Page 3 

King meeting 

Mrs Coretta King, widow of 
Dr Martin Luther King, flew 
to Johannesburg from Cape 
Town for a meeting with Mrs 
Winnie Mandela, wife of the 
ajgiled African National Con- 
gress leader, Mr Nelson 
Mandela Page 7 

Rock protest 

Nearly six weeks after Britain 
withdrew its ceremonial guard 
at the Spanish frontier, 
Gibraltar has protested to Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary. 

Hailsham call 

Lord Hmlsham, the Lord 
Chancellor, proposed a pack- 
age of reforms to speed trials, 
including “cards on the table 
disclosures by lawyers in crim- 
inal cases Page 4 


Home News 2-4 
Overseas , 5-9 
Appts 28 
Arts 19 

Baths, deatU, 
ouutittes 18 
BoofcT n 
Badness 21-28 
Cmh 1® 

Crosswords 18,20 

Din)' . 1* 


Events 

Features 

Leaders 

Letters 

OMtaaiy 

Science 


20 
10,12 
13 
' 13 
18 
18 


etc 

TVftRadto 

Unnersitks 

Weather 


A mother and son discoverd 
yesterday that , they had be- 
comc two of theth ree wigners 
ofyestirclay’a Poi tiySo Gold 
daily dividend off 14,000. 

Mrs Ruth Algate, aged 42, 
from Histon, in Cambridge- 
shire, a retired medial social 
worker, said that she was 
Overjoyed to discover she had 
won. “But when I found out 
my son had won as well 1 was 
incredulous.’’ 

Mr Fred Algate, from 
Byfleet, Surrey, who works as 
an engineer at British Aero- 
space, thought that there was 


no point , in checking his 
numbers after learning of bis 
mother’s gbod fbrtune. - - 
**" Mr Barry Kilby, the manag- 
ing director of Euxoprint who 
invented Portfolio Gold, said: 
“This has only happened once 
before in a family, and foe 
odds against it are extremely 
remote.” 

‘ The Algates share the prize 
money with Mr Geoffrey Ivey, 
aged 40, a university admin- 
istrator, of Lewes, East Sussex. 

• PurtfoBo Hst, page 25 
. Rules, how to play, page 20 



Mrs Ruth Algate and her son, Fred: 

. their Jock in sharmg the Portfolio 


able to believe 
prize. 


Funeral 
for victims 
in temple 
of death 

From Mark) Modiano 
Istanbul 

The victims of Saturday's 
terrorist attack on the Neve 
Shalom synagogue here were 
given a funeral yesterday at 
the same temple in which they 
were murdered. 

The grisly evidence of the 
massacre was still all too 
obvious on the walls of the 
temple: broken windows, gap- 
ing holes in the domed ceiling 
and a dock which had stopped 
at 9.1 7. the hour of the attack. 

Speaking to a large con- 
gregation of mourners^ and 
officialvMr Jak Yeissid, by 
leader of. Istanbul^. Jewish 
community of 20,000, called 
the attack “inhuman, msme 
andcfrueL” 

President Reagan, in a mes- 
sage to the Jewish community, 
called the murders vicious and 
an attack on civilization. “We 
are resolute in our determina- 
tion to put an end to such 
horrors in the future, "he said. 

During the funeral service, 
which was conducted by the 
Chief Rabbi of Istanbul, the 
cantor’s plaintive recital of a 
psalm raging God to avenge 
foe innocent, mingled with the 
stifled sobs of relatives. It rose 
to a tragic chorus- of wailing 
when the names of the dead 
were read out one by one. 

In foe narrow street outside 
foe synagogue thousands had 
massed around the 19 green 
hearses on which foe coffins 
had been laid. The bodies of 
two other victims, both Ira- 
nian Jews, were flown to Israel 
for burial. 

The funeral procession 
drove out to the Jewish ceme- 
tery at Amautkoy, four miles 
to foe north of foe city. The J9 
bodies were' buried in alpha- 
betical order ai one end of the 
Continued on page 2ft, cod 7 


Postponement 
as Kasparov 
takes time-out 

The world chess champion, 
Gary Kasparov, took the sec- 
ond of his three permitted 
time-outs for today’s sched- 
uled 15th game (Raymond 
Keene writes from 
Leningrad). 

It will now be played on 
Friday. Each player Iras one 
time-out left during foe re- 
maining 10 games. Kasparov 
is at present two points ahead. 


England are beaten 
1-0 by Sweden 


England’s footballers lost 1-. 
0 to Sweden in Stockholm 
yesterday, their first match 
since "the World Cop. In a 
qualifying match for the Euro- 
pean Championship Wales 
ram i- from behind to secure a 
I-l draw away to Finland. 

With riot police in atten- 
dance England’s football 
supporters generally behaved 
well before and during foe 
game in Stockholm — a relief 


to England’s beteagured foot- 
ball administrators. They fear 
that, after recent incidents of 
fens’ misbehaviour abroad, 
there will be calls for further 
measures against English 
dubs at today's executive 
meeting of the European foot- 
ball authority, UEFA, in 


•.Essex have won foe county 
cricket championship for the 
fourth time in eight years. 


Disaster 
led to 
new orders 
for pilots 

By Peter Davenport 

British Airways has issued 
new instructions to its pilots 
for handling emergencies in 
the aftermath of the Manches- 
ter airport disaster, the inquest 
on foe 55 victims was told 
yesterday. 

Flight commanders have 
been ordered to assume foe 
worst in any incident and 
bring the aircraft to an im- 
mediate straight-line haft. 

Captain Peter Terrington, 
captain of the British Airtours 
Boeing 737 which burst into 
flames just before take off 
from Manchester ott August 
22 last year, told foe third day 
of the inquest that prior to the 
disaster, instructions to pilots 
were to dear foe runway. 

He and his copilot, Mr 
Brian Love, first thought that 
the engine explosion was a 
burst tyre and they eased foe 
initial, foil emergency braking 
to avoid further damage to foe 
wheels and to taxi off foe 
runway. 

Earlier in evidence, Mr 
Love had agreed that in 
hindsight it would have been 
better to have continued 
maximum braking to bring 
the jet to a quid: halt 
The inquest also heard yes- 
terday that British Airways 
and other airlines had modi- 
fied aircraft exit doors to 
Continued on page 2, col 4 \ 


Hurd to 
move on 
violent 
crimes 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
Correspondent 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, is preparing 
10 unveil moves which will 
increase press ure on judges to 
impose tougher sentences for 
violent crimes, including rape. 

Tbe guidelines alread; 
given by foe Court of Appes 
to lower courts about sentenc- 
ing policy are to be made 
public and periodically re- 
viewed, making it more diffi- 
cult forjudges to ignore them. 

Under plans expected to be 
announced by Mr Hurd at the 
Conservative Party con- 
ference, foe Judicial Studies 
Board, which is responsible 
for passing Conn of Appeal 
guidance to foe judiciary, will 
be given a statutory duty to 
assemble and publish for the 
benefit of judges and the wider 
public a documen t containing 
the guidelines as they apply to 
offences and offenders. 

Mr Hurd, speaking to a 
Conservative audience in 
Hendon, north London, last 
night, said that public outrage 
about violent crime should be 
reflected in the sentences 
handed down by the courts. 

The Home Secretary is 
understood to share the con- 
cern voiced try Lord Lane, foe 
Lord Chief Justice, that some 
judges have been ignoring foe 
guidelines and imposing too 
lenient sentences. 

His move comes after foe 
defeat of the Government’s 
attempt in 1985 to give the 
Attorney General foe right to 
refer controversially lenient 
sentences to the Court of 
AppeaL 
In his consideration of pro- 
posals for the Criminal Justice 
Bill to be introduced in the 
next session of Parliament, Mr 
Hurd has pondered whether 10 
reintroduce that provision or 
give the Court of Appeal the 
power to increase a sentence. 

Instead he has decided to 
build on and give statutory 
force to foe existing guidelines 
system, believing that will 
reinforce sentencing policy 
and public confidence. • 

Mr Hurd also confirmed 
that the Government is to 
extend its powers to confiscate 
die profits of drug dealers to 
cover the proceeds of other 
violent and profitable crimes. 
• A wanting about the dan- 
gers of overcrowded jails was 
given by Mr Hurd yesterday 
(Peter Evans writes). 

“The truth is that you 
cannot run a prison in a way 
that is tolerable to staff and 
inmates, or indeed safe for foe 
public, if you acquiesce in 
present levels of 
overcrowding," Mr Hurd, 
who was opening foe new 
Prison Service College at 
Newbold Revel, near Rugby, 
said. The Government ac- 
cepted foe need to -avoid 
custody as far as possible for 
non-violent offences. 


Daniloff puts 
forward a 
compromise 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


Telecom chief hits at 
Labour takeover plan 


By a Staff Reporter 


Sir George Jefferson, chair- 
man of British Telecom, con- 
demned any . return to state 
monopoly at yesterday’s an- 
nual general meeting. 

He said Labour’s proposals 
for social ownership throw 
doubts over the futures of 
British Telecom and Cable 
and Wireless and the future of 
Mercury’s separate existence. 

He admitted that much 
remains to be done before BT 
can match the best service 
anywhere, in the world, and 
said that the habits and effects 
of 70 years of Government 
control - cannot be reversed 
overnight Nevertheless, be 
said foe company is moving in 
the right direction, and is 
giving improvement 10 the 


quality of service foe highest 
priority. 

Compared with 1980, he 
said that today, there is no 
waiting list for telephones, and 
the costs of telephone bills, 
relative to prices, have come 
down. 

His remarks came on a day 
on which three privatised 
companies, including British 
Telecom, announced good 
Its. Associated British 
interim pretax profit 
was up 175 per cent to £11 
million, British Aerospace in- 
terims were up 18 per cent to 
£803 million and British 
Telecom’s first quarter result 
was up 12 per cent to £502 
million. 

Profits rise 12%, page 21 


Fighting finish as ‘Schmidt the Lip 9 bows out 


From A Correspondent, Bonn 
Herr Helmut Schmidt, the Herr Schmidt accused foe 


it ft It it tF 


former West German Chan- 
cellor, made his last speech in 
the Bonn Parliament yes- 
terday m foe same fighting 
style that earned him foe 
nickname “Schmidt foe Lip" 
as a fledgling MP 33 years ago. 

Hen - Schmidt, aged 67, is 
standing down -at the end of 
this year and the. life of the 
present Parliament as foe. 
Social Democratic ($PD) 
member for Hamburg-Berg- 
edor£ 

Yesterday, however, he was 
foe complete Opposition MP, 
the old thorn in the side of a 
Conservative Goveram- 
enLHe used his final speech, 
during a budget debate, to 
settle accounts with the poli- 
cies of Herr Helmut Kohl, the 
Christian Democrat leader. 
•who succeeded him as Chan- 
cellor in October 1982. 


Kohl Government of allowing 
unemployment 10 grow to a 
record level, and said their 
foreigrLpo iries had resulted in 
West Germany “losing wei- 
ght" abroad. 

He said foe Government 
had felled to increase business 
investment and hah bank- 
ruptcies. 

Herr Schmidt also called fot 
an active Ostpolitik, and said 
Herr Kohl should have more 
frequent contacts with Herr 
Erich Honecker, the East Ga> 
man leader. 

He appealed for an arms- 
control policy by treaty, and 
criticised foe Government for 
its “unclear altitude" on Presi- 
dent Reagan's Strategic De- 
fence Initiative. 

The former Chancellor also 
warned Herr Kohl against 



Herr Schmidt: SfewnBiiji 
down at the end of this year. 

amending the Constitution to 
stop the flood of Thud World 
asylum-seekers into West Ger- 
many. as well as tightening foe 
law on demonstrations. 

Herr Schmidt’s final app- 
earance at the Bundestag lec- 
tern, now in a small, .former 
waterworks building while ihe- 


usual chamber undergoes 
. exteqsive remodelling, came 
nearly four years to the day be 
stepped down as Chancellor. 

On October 1, 1982, the 
Conservatives and foe Free 
Democrats (FDPX who had 
deserted Herr Schmidt after 
13 years.- of SPD-FDP co- 
alition government, put him 
out in foe cold with a vote of 
no confidence. 

Herr Schmidt, however, re- 
mained politically active and 
was re-elected at foe last 
federal poll in March 1983 as 
an MP for Hamburg, -his 
birthplace and the cradle of his 
career. 

He entered foe Bundestag in 
1953. but returned to Ham- 
burg as senator for the interior 
in 1961. a post in which be 
made bis name as a “crisis 
manager" during foe floods of 
1962. 

In 1972 be took, over as 
Finance and Economics Min- 


ister and, two years later, with 
the resignation of Chancellor 
Willy Brandt over the Guil- 
laume spy affair, was elected 
Chancellor by the SPD-FDP. 

Herr Schmidt continued foe 
Ostpolitik begun fry Herr 
Brandt, became a leading 
figure at Western economic 
summit meetings on foe world 
economic crisis, and pushed 
for the Nato double agreement 
of 1 979 on deployment of new 
medium-range nuclear 
missiles. 

The latter policy earned him 
the anger of the SPD's left 
wing, which won with ils “no 
missiles" line at foe party’s 
annual congress in Cologne at 
foe end of 1 983. Herr Schmi 
was beaten and bitter. 

As a West German Chan- 
cellor. however, he will prob- 
ably go down in history as a 
leading figure in the country's 
post-war. coming of age and 
respectability. 


Mr Nicholas DanflofC, foe 
American correspondent im- 
prisoned by foe KGB, has 
proposed a diplomatic com- 
promise to prevent super- 
power relations from deter- 
iorating further because of his 
arrest on August 30. 

The first details of foe 
indictment read to him at a 
military tribunal on Sunday in 
an annexe of Moscow's grim 
Lefortovo prison show foal 
foe spying charges are more 
serious and fer-reaching than 
expected. 

The charges under Section 
65 of the Soviet Criminal 
Code involve the alleged pro- 
vision of “economic, political 
and military information" to 


Howe fears 


foe US “special service" be- 
tween 1982and 1986: involve- 
ment in a CIA operation here 
in 1985; and a catch-all charge 
of participation “in other 
espionage activities”. They 
carry a maximum penalty of 
execution by firing squad. 

Yesterday Mr Daniloffs 
British wife. Rnth, said he had 
proposed that be and Mr 
Gennady Zakharov, the So- 
viet physicist charged with 
spying in New York, should 
be released on bail into the 
custody of their respective 
embassies in Moscow and 
Washington in advance of 
next week's crucial meeting of 
foe Soviet and US foreign 
ministers. 

Details of foe compromise 
were outlined to Mrs Daniloff 
and a US consular official 
when they met the correspon- 
dent in jail on Tuesday. The 
suggestion is understood to be 


under review by officials in 
both capitals. 

Mr Daniloff. aged 52, still 
does not want 10 be involved 
in any form of direct swap 
with Mr Zakharov, who is 
regarded by foe US Admin- 
istration as a genuine spy who 
was caught in the act, and 
whose capture prompted the 
KGB to "frame" Mr Daniloff 
to procure foe Soviet spy's 
release. 

“Nick believes that mutual 
bail could help cool the situa- 
tion with neither great power 
losing face,” Mrs Daniloff 
explained. “Then serious 
negotiations could take place 
while both men were in 
ambassadorial custody. 

Outlining the charges pre- 
ferred against her husband. 
Mrs Daniloff emphasized foal 
foe wording was paraphrased 
from the more technical lan- 
guage of foe longer Russian 
original. 

The three charges were: 

"l. using the status of a for- 
eign correspondent 10 make 
contact with the American 
Special Services and supply 
political, economic and mili- 
tary information which was 
against the interest of the 
Soviet Union between 1982 
and 1986: 1 participation in a 
Central Intelligence Agency 
operation to help the agency 
make secret contact with a 
Soviet citizen named Roman; 
and 3. conducting other es- 
pionage activities.” 

Mrs Daniloff explained that 
foe citizen named in the 
charge sheet was “a bogus 
Russian orthodox priest" 
whom Mr Daniloff believed 

Continued on page 20, col 8 


Israeli bombs miss 
target in Sidon 


From Robert Fisk, Beirut 


A feiled attempt by four 
Palestinian guerrillas to sail to 
Israel in a rubber dinghy was 
matched by an almost equally 
fiitite Israeli air raid on Sidon 
yesterday when Israeli jets 
missed a Palestinian ammu- 
nition dump and fired their 
rockets into shops on an 
industrial complex south of 
foe city. 

The violence only served to 
emphasize foe continuing de- 
terioration in security in Leba- 
non on a day in which a 
prominent official of foe 
Lebanese Lions Clubs was 
kidnapped in Beirut and a 51- 
year-old Snnni Muslim 
woman “executed" by militia- 
men in the eastern town of 
Chtaura for alleged collabora- 
tion with foe Israelis. 

Nor was there any clue in 
Beirut as to foe whereabouts 
of Mr Frank Reed, foe Ameri- 
can college teacher kidnapped 
by the pro-Iranian “Islamic 


Jihad” organization on 
Tuesday. 

Palestinians from foe “Pal- 
estine Liberation Front’ - foe 
same group whose members 
hijacked die Achille Laura 
cruise finer last October — 
trying to sail down foe coast 
from Lebanon were inter- 
cepted at sea by the Israeli 
Navy before they beached 
their craft. At least one of the 
gunmen on board appears to 
have been killed. 

Then sharp on 6am yes- 
terday, foe Israelis arrived 
over Sidon to attack a base of 
the pro-Syrian Palestinian 
“Popular Struggle Front", 
which keeps one of its ammu- 
nition dumps in an industrial 
complex south of foe city. 

The jets fired several rock- 
ets before returning to Israel 
where their pilots reported — 
according to an Israeli mili- 

Coa tinned on page 20, col 1 


In the world of 
commercial property, 
London is 

our stamping ground! 



r 





HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1986 


900 jobs go 
as pits are 
merged 
in Scotland 

By Tim Jones 

Nearly 900 miners are to came from Mr Ken Moses, 
lose their jobs with the merger technical director of British 
of two Scottish pits. Coal, who said: “I very modi 

The linking of Bilston Glen, regret that the leadership oT 
near Edinburgh, with a the NUM prefers to play 
workforce of 1,384, and politics than to promote 
Monktonhall, five miles away, safety, 
which at present employs 937, “We are determined to im- 
was announced by Mr George prove the safety record of our 
McAlpine, Scottish director of collieries and are confident of 
British Coal, yesterday. The receiving the wholehearted 


two pits have lost £60 million 
during the past five years. 

Mr McAlpine said that be- 
cause of the large numbers of 
men wanting to leave the 
industry the cutback could be 
achieved without compulsory 
redundancies. The merger 
comes a day after British Coal 
announced the closure of 
Comrie Colliery in Fife, where 
a severe roof fell has halted 
production. Connie's 480 
miners are to move to other 
pits. 

In another episode in a 
bruising week for the coal 
industry, Mr Arthur Scargill, 
the president of the National 
Union of Mineworkera, was 
accused of “putting politics 
before safety" over his de- 
cision to boycott a pit safety 
campaign. 

Mr Scargill has decided not 
to attend today's launch of the 
campaign because he objects 
to the presence of the break- 
away Union of Democratic 
Mineworkers.He has also told 
members of his national exec- 
utive to join the boycott 

The attack on Mr Scargill 


support of minewotkers with 
or without Mr ScargflTs 
blessing.” 

But Mr Scargill said: “The 
NUM has made clear it is not 
in a position to attend meet- 
ings where there are persons 
representing the breakaway 
organization known as the 
UDM, which has been out- 
lawed by the TUG Labour 
Party and international 
movements. 

“If the coal board wishes to 
meet the NUM on safety we 
will be delighted to do so. 
Then we could meet at any 
time, any place.” 

Mr Scargill said British Coal 
had to return to its former 
position with conciliation and 
consultation procedures in the 
industry. 

He added that the present 
system prevented the NUM 
representing all its members; 

Mr Roy Lynk, general sec- 
retary of the UDM, formed 
during the year-long miners' 
strike, said: “Anyone who 
allows personal preferences to 
interfere with the safety of the 
industry is to be deplored”. 


Bedford staff vote 
to oppose job cuts 

By Robin Young . 

Mass meetings of salaried said that the company would 
staff .at the Luton and be seeking to lose 3,000 
Dunstable plants of Bedford, employees over the next three 
the lorry-making division of years. 

General Motors, passed re- “A lot of our colleagues 
solutions yesterday opposing have not come to the meeting 

today because they believe 
that their jobs are not affected, 
but they are and they must be 
told so”, be said. 

Mr John Elven, chief exec- 
utive of Bedfordshire County 
Council, said yesterday that 
the news was likely to prove a 
devastating Mow for the area, 
where there are already 12,024 
people out of work, an un- 
employment rate of 123 per 
cent 

Mr Graham Moores, man- 
ager of the Luton and 
Dunstable Jobcentres, said 
that employment in the area 
was noticeably changing. Big 
employers bad scaled down 
their operations but there was 
a rising number of small firms. 

None of the workforce at 
yesterday’s meetings believed 
that their fete would have 
been improved if General 
Motors’ bid for BL’s truck 
division had been allowed to 
go through. 

Hourly paid staff are not to 
hold their mass meeting until 
tomorrow 



Mr Bonnett at the unvefling of the dockland train yesterday. (Photographs: Leslie Lee). 

Dockland railway crewed by captains 


.By AngeJla Johnson 

New driveriess trains for the 
£77 millkMi London Dock- 
lands Railway are to be 
manned by “captains", replac- 
ing guards, it was announced 
yesterday when the first folly 
automated light carriages were 
unveiled. 

The only member of staff in 
contact with passengers, be or 
she wiB be responsible for 
helping people on and off 
train*, fhw-lrinp tiring clos- 


ing the electric doors and 
acting as a source of informa- 
tion. 

The fleet of 11 electrically^ 
powered. West German-built 
trains, in two-mits with red, 
white and blue livery, will 
operate between 16 stations 
linking the Isle of Dogs, 
Stratford and the City from 
next July. 

A computer at the central 
depot in Poplar will drive the 
trains.' 


Mr Cliff Bonnett, m a na g i n g 
director of Docklands Light 
Railway, said: “The feet that 
this railway has been built 
shows that the docks is a. 
thriving business area and we 
aim to cater fin: its commuter 
needs.” 

The company, jointly 
funded by London Docklands 
Development Corporation and 
London Regional Transport, 
has started recruiting 55 staff 
and is seeking parliamentary 


permissioa to extend the line 
underground from Tower 
Gateway to the heart of the 
City, at Bank station. 

The consortium behind the 
Docklands £1.5 billion Canary 
Wharf financial services 
development — Credit Suisse, 
Morgan Stanley, International 
and First Boston Estate — is 
awaiting the outcome of the 
Bill going through the Lords 
before g®I«g ahead with its 
12m sq ft project. 


compulsory redundancies. 

The company announced 
on Tuesday that it would be 
seeking 1,450 redundancies 
and withdrawing . Bedford 
from medium and heavy lorry 
production by the end of the 
year. ■ 

The resolutions opposing 
compulsory redundancies 
.were, passed unanimously .in 
both towns, but union officials 
agreed that they were dis- 
. appointed by the turnout, 
particularly at Luton where 
they estimated that only half 
their membership attended. 

At Dunstable, Mr Ernie 
Watkins, the TASS chairman, 
said: “We have to show 
management and the hourly- 
paid workforce that we are 
prepared to stand up and be 
counted. 

“General Motors, by its 
worldwide policy, is destroy- 
ing Great Britain as far as 
Vauxhall and Bedford are 
concerned.” 

At the Luton meeting, Mr 
Peter Blanking, the TASS 
senior staff representative, 


Children 
riot in 
Ulster 

From Richard Ford 
Belfast 

flan y nf rtiilihnen imriw ^n ) 

with some as young as four, 
have joined the w*«™n 
clashes in north. Belfast. 

Groups from the Protestant 
Tigers Bay and Roman Catho- 
lic New Lodge housing estates 
were on the streets until late on 
Tuesday night waving Union 
" js and Irish tricolours. 

k republican rang at- 
tempted to bum an Ulster flag 
and when the RUC moved in to 
grnttpr the children they came 
muter a barrage of missiles. A 
boy aged nine was detained by 
police, who yesterday ap- 
pealed to parents to keep thrir 
children muter control. 

• The provisional IRA last 
night claimed responsibility 
for killing David McVeigh, a 
father of three from Lurgan, 
Co Armagh, whose body was 
foand -on the border near 
Newry, Co Down. 

The Provisionals said that 
he was an informer. 

• Leaders of the three main 
Protestant chnrches yesterday 
attacked plans by the Ulster 
Qnb to escalate dvil disobedi- 
ence, saying it guaranteed a 
“dangerous and even 
threatening” addition to the 
province's problems. 

The proposed campaign by 
the Ulster Qnb was also 
criticized as irresponsible by 
Mr Ian Gow, the Conservative 
MP who resigned from the 
Government in protest at the 
Anglo Irish agreement and 
who last night was the main 
speaker at toe inaugural rally 
in Belfast of the Friends of the 
Union movement. 

• Towns and villages in toe 
Irish Republic have been de- 
clared targets for attacks by 
Tara, a “loyalist” terrorist 
organization. 


Manchester jet disaster 


Pilots get new instruction 


Continued from page 1 

prevent a repetition of the 
problem that caused the star- 
board exits of the Boeing 737 
at Manchester to jam shut as 
cabin crew struggled to begin 
an evacuation. 

Captain Terrington, aged 
41, of Pulborough, west Sus- 
sex, has been a British Airways 
pilot for 20 years. Since 
December 1983 he has been a 

line training ca ptain on 

Boeing 737s and was on the 
Manchester-Coriu flight to 
give Mr Love his routine, six- 
monthly operational check. 

The inquest was told that 
Mr Love, aged 52, of Holmes 
Chapel. Cheshire, had been 
one of the pilots on board the 
Boeing when it made a trip 
from Barcelona to Manchester 
on the day before the accident 

During the flight, cockpit 
crew recorded in the technical 
log that there were problems 
of throttle stagger and slow 
acceleration. The inquest had 
been told that slow accelera- 
tion from an engine could 
indicate serious problems in 
its combustion chamber. 

Engineers worked to rectify 
the problem, and the plane 
made a return flight to Athens 
before it was scheduled to take 
the 131 holidaymakers to 
Corfu. 

Captain Tenington said 
that Mr Love bad drawn the 
earlier problems to his atten- 
tion as they made their pre- 
flight checks and that he 
noticed there was still a 2 to 
3 per cent difference in the 
idling speed between the two 
engines. He thought it meant 
that it needed fine tuning. 

The part engine — the one 
which later exploded — was 
also slightly slower to accel- 
erate initially than the star- 
board engine. The captain said 
that the problems were not a 
main concern. 


His first indication that 
something was wrong was a 
loud thud, some 15 knots 
before take-off speed was 
reached. He thought it was a 
burst tyre or possibly a bird 
hitting the fuselage. He im- 
mediately aborted the take- 
off The noise, which was the 
port engine exploding, came 
32 seconds into the take-off 
run. . 

John Samuels, QC, for the 
two pilots, read to the inquest 
details from the cockpit voice 
recorder. 

32 seconds: a loud thud. 

323 seconds: Captain orders 
“stop” and aborts takeoff 
353 seconds: Captain orders 
copilot: “Don’t hammer the 
brakes." 



Captain Peter Terrington: 
followed standing toners 


SAVE UNTU 3 1ST MARCH 1987. _ . 





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Co-pilot Brian Love: told 
captain of problems 


37 seconds: Co-pilot acknowl- 
edges command. 

40 seconds: Co-pilot hands 
control to the captain. 

403 seconds: Captain begins 
transmission to tower as fire 
bell rings in cockpit. “We are 
abandoning take-off It looks 
as though we have a fire in 
number 1.” 

47 seconds: ■ Transmission to 
tower ends. 

49 seconds: Co-pilot acknowl- 
edges the message. 

51 seconds: Air traffic control- 
ler acknowledges transmission 
and replies: “Right There’s a 
lot of fires. They’re on their 
way (the fire brigade).” 

53 seconds: Crew cancels fire 
bell to avoid distraction. 

54 seconds: Captain acknowl- 
edges transmission from 
tower. “Thank you. Do we 
need to get passengers off?” 

56 seconds: Tower replies: “I 
would, via starboard side.” 
573 seconds: Captain an- 
nounces over public address 
system: “Starboard side; pas- 
sengers off please." 

61 seconds: Captain repeats 
evacuation Order. 

63 seconds: Co-pilot says 
again: “You have control,” to 
allow the captain to turn off 
the runway. 

65 seconds: The noise of the 
flight deck door opening. 

66 seconds: Purser Mr Arthur 
Bradbury asks captain to con- 
firm evacuation order. 

67 seconds: Captain repeats: 
“Evacuate, starboard side.” 

The inquest heard that it 
was impossible for the flight 
crew to realize from, their 
position the full scale of the 
emergency unfolding behind 
them. Cabin crew were trained 
not to disturb pilots as they 
were dealing with an incident. 

The captain and co-pilot 
escaped down a rope from 
their cockpit window to help 
toe evacuation 'from the 
ground, as laid down in their 

instruction manual's. 

Earlier the inquest heard 
from the purser, Mr Bradbury, 
of his problems in trying to 
open the starboard front exit 
door to begin evacuation. 

The inquest was adjourned 
until today. 


Telecom chief 
derides ‘web 
of state control’ 

By Craig Secon 

The Labour Party's plans to He said: “Our imiial a«c?s- 

ment of the Labour Fartv s 
proposals, as far os we know 
them, are not. in the view of 
the board, likely to be in 
anyone's real interest 
“They put at risk the out- 
ward looking ability of one of 
Britain's most important in- 
dustrial sectors." 

Sir George added: “Those 
who wish the country well 
should consider carefully be- 
fore seeking, to reverse the tide 
of technical and market 
forces." 

The company contributed 


renationalize British Telecom 
were condemned yesterday by 
Sir George Jefferson as a “re- 
spinning of the web of govern- 
ment interference and 
control". The Telecom chair- 
man urged its minions of 
shareholders to fight the 
proposal. 

Giving warning that La- 
bour's proposals threw doubts 
on the future of British 
Telecom, Sir George said the 
1,500,000 small shareholders, 
the 220,000 staff shareholders, 

and millions of vwten; whose iiit 

pension funds held the OulJc or £ 1,000 million a year to the 
shares, “have a special mterrat Government 90 per cent of 
and an impressive japability ^ valuc of comracls ]asi year 
to bring influence to bear . ^ placed with British com- 

Speaking at the company's panics; the waiting list for 
second annual meeting since phones was 250.000 six years 
privatization, held at the Na- ago. now no one was waiting, 


tional Exhibition Centre, Bir- 
mingham, he urged large and 
small shareholders to use the 
information provided by the 
company to exert what in- 
fluence they could to ensure 
that the argument was not lost 
by default. 

He also warned more than 
4,000 shareholders, who had 
travelled to Birmingham from 
all over the country, that 
Labour and TUC proposals to 
include trade union members 
on the board would inevitably 
lead to union interests coming 
before customer need. 

The Labour Party's pro- 
posals for social ownership, he 
said, envisaged a return to a 
state monopoly that could 
haidly be justified. The cora- 
could become a “politi- 


£7. 


ootball”. 


He said there had been no 
customer choice before 
privatization; now there was 
an extremely wide choice. . 

Sir George was loudly ap- 
plauded. but when shareholdr 
ers were given the chance 4p 
ask questions, Mr Lcn Collier 
condemned the chairman for 
making personal political 
comments. 

There was. However, a 
mood of concern about 
Labour’s plans among the 
hundreds of small sharehold- 
ers at the meeting. 

At the inaugural annual 
meeting last year, by contrast, 
many of the 4.000 small 
shareholders enjoyed an 
apparently carefree day out 
scarcely disguising their 
excitement at the idea of being 
shareholders for the first time. 


Battle for 
Service 
victims 

By Rodney Cowton 

Pressure on the Government 
to change the law to allow 
Servicemen injured in ac- 
cidents to sue for compensa- 
tion was stepped up yesterday. 

A large poster demanding 
the abolition of Section 10 of 
toe Crown Proceedings Act 
1947 was nnveited .at Wool- 
wich Town Square,' near the 
Royal Arsenal, yesterday. 

The campaign is being or- 
ganized by toe Section 10 
Abolition Group, led by Mis 
Carol Mills, whose son died of 
bams sustained when a nris- 
-sfle was accidentally fired 
while he was aboard a warship 
in foe Falkland Islands. 

Section 10 grants the Crown 
immunity from legal action in 
cases where members of the 
Forces are killed or seriously 
injured as a result of 
negligence. 

The Ministry of Defence 
has had it under review for 
many months, and is expected 
to make some concession by 
toe end of foe year. 

Among the cases cited by 
toe group is that of Kevin 
Dawn, an airman who suffered 
brain damage, and eventnally 
died, after being found floating 
face down in a vat of chemicals 
when cleaning aircraft parts. 

Mr Ken McGinley, chair- 
man of toe British Nuclear 
Tests Veterans Association, 
compared British Servicemen 
exposed to radiation during 
toe nuclear test programme 
after the Second World War, 
who have not been able to sue, 
and farmers who have been 
paid compensation for the 
exposure of their sheep to 
radiation after toe Chernobyl 
disaster. 


Separate 
hearings 
for fans 

Twenty-six soccer support- 
ers arrested for manslaughter 
after the Heysel Stadium riot 
are expected to demand sepa- 
rate extradition hearings be- 
fore Bow Street magistrates. 

The men were arrested yes- 
terday on suspicion of unlaws 
fully killing “with others” one 
named Italian fan. Thirty-nine 
Italians died in the disaster at 
the European Cup final in 
Brussels in May last year. 

The wording of the warrant 
prompted new controversey 
with demands that the extra- 
dition proceedings should not 
he turned into a giant “show 
dial”. 

Merseyside MPs and solic- 
itors claim the Belgian justice 
department is making 
“scapegoats” of the supporters 
over the carnage for which 
they blame the Brussels of- 
ficials and police. 

In a series of pre-arranged 
appointments at police sta- 
tions yesterday the suspects 
were formally arrested on 
warrants issued by the court-. 

The first to report to police 
in Liverpool was Tim 
Williams.agpd 26, who is un- 
employed. 

His solictor Mr Paul crow- 
ley said: “My diem has not 
been charged with anything. 
He has been arrested cm 
suspicion on an extradition 
order sought by the Belgian 
police. He will firmly deny the 
allegations that are being 
made against him. 

“I understand that all 26 
suspects will appear at Bow 
Street on Monday 10 have 
their cases adjourned for a full 
hearing.” 


Zoo under 
threat of 
closure 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Whipsnade Zoo cannot sur- 
vive in its present form, its 
owners said yesterday. 

Mr Jonathan Griffin, com- 
mercial manager of the Zoo- 
logical Society of London, 
which owns Whipsnade, raid: 
“There is a very serious 
possibility of closure”. 

Mr David Jones, the 
society’s director of zoos, said 
it would take five years to 
halve the defidt at Whipsnade 
which costs £1.5 million a 
year to run but produces 
revenue of only £800,000; 

The Government's three- 
year rescue programme for the 
society, which also owns Lon- 
don zoo, will expire next 
spring. 

Mr Jones said the society 
was optimistic that Whip- 
snade, which occupies 600 
acres of down! and to the north 
ofLondon, could be saved asa 
station for the breeding and 
export of wild animate.' 

It had no chance, however, 
of surviving in its present 
form as a diverse collection of 
animals on public view. 






MUSCLES 

...and the next breakthrough 
in Spectroscopy 


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iffli cl;> 


Muscular tissue has been found to possess a 
magnetic field that will permit the most sensitive 
body-screening process ever devised. 

Another link you may have missed between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic. 

If you haven’t been reading New Scientist, you won’t have 
made the connection. 

Who said purely academic? 

newscientist 

Today and every Thursday 




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THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1986 


HOME NEWS 


BMA criticizes Labour 
Party proposals on 
family doctor services 


7^® British Medical Associ- 
ation has criticized Labour 
Party proposals that give 
health authorities greater pow- 
ers over family doctors, 

■ The party’s Charter for the 
Family Health Service, pub- 
lished yesterday, is derived to 
give patients better access to 
good health care. 

• It suggests that health 
authorities should have the 
power to /appoint salaried 
family doctors and to provide 
“top quality** deputizing 
services. 

;■ It also repeats the party’s 
•frfedge to abolish prescription 
charges which now brine in 
£160 million. 

-The charter says that a 
salaried GP service in inner 
cities and other health-de- 
prived areas, which it would 
introduce on a pilot haci<j!, 
would assist recruitment and 
planning a higher standard of 
service. 

Where suitable doctors were 
not forthcoming it would be 
up to the health authority to 
provide a service. “Existing 
individual GPS or practices 


By Jill Sherman 
that wish to become salaried 
win be encouraged to do so**, 
the document says. 

The party proposes that 
health authorities should be 
responsible for providing 
deputizing services became 
the present services were 
“haphazard and unsatis- 
factory”. 

In addition, it recommends 
that family practitioner 
committees responsible for 
overseeing primary health 
care, which were made in- 
dependent of health authori- 
ties in April 1984, should be 
returned to those authorities. 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation accused the party yes- 
terday of failing to understand 
how primary health care ser- 
vices were provided and the 
need for continuity. It con- 
demned the proposal to re- 
integrate family practitioner 
committee into health 
authorities as a retrograde 
step. 

“Health authorities have 
more than enough to do 
providing their patient ser- 
vices against a background of 


resources There 
are inevitable areas of conflict 
over priorities and the family 
health service could lose”, the 
BMA said. 

Doctors would not accept 
an extension of the salaried 
doctors sendee, which already, 
operated in certain areas 
covering the homeless and the 
rootless in inner cities, h said. 

An independent contractor 
service ensured that patients 
were treated free from state 
interference ami that the GP 
was not ■ “beholden to any 
political or administrative 
aims, or arms, of gov- 
ernment”. 

The Royal College of Nurs- 
ing welcomed the main thrust 
of the charter, which em- 
phasizes the need for more 
Health promotion and ninwss 
prevention programmes. 

But it claimed that common 
complaints by patients, cited 
in the document, stub as 
difficulties of talking to their 
doctor about their problems, 
would be overcome by the 
introduction of the nurse 
practitioner. 



Mr Kenneth Baker with the teenagers on board the Chevening on the Thames yesterday (Photograph: James Grey). 

Tide turning for teenagers 9 careers 


Opren case links 
1,000 claimants 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Two hundred solicitors met ordinating the claims in line 


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in London yesterday to put 
the finishing touches to the 
country’s first “class” legal 
action to be brought by pa- 
tients alleging severe side ef- 
fects from Opren. the arthritis 
drug. 

It is estimated that more 
than 1.000 claimants will be 
joining the action, called the 
Opren scheme. 

They are jointly suing Eli 
Lilley, the American drug 
manufacturer, the Committee 
on the Safely of Medicines 
and the Department of Health 
• and Social Security. All three 
-deny liability. 

“Class” actions are com- 
mon in the United States but 
have not been tried before in 
, this country. 

. About 500,000 prescrip- 
tions were issued for Opren in 
-Britain before its withdrawal 
;in 1981 Among the alleged 
-side effects are disabling sen- 
sitivity to light; links with 
kidney and liver damagefa 
'condition resembling diabetes 
and cancer. , 

T The solicitors _aijj co- 


with a judgement in July by 
Mr Justice Hirst in the High 
Court, who said it was 
“unthinkable that there 
should be more than one trial 
of these common issues”. 

The idea of the Opren 
scheme is to minimize the 
costs of the litigation. 'Most 
Opren cases are legally aided, 
so the expense falls mainly on 
the public purse. 

The first step will be the 
selection of a group of “lead” 
plaintiffs who will bring the 
crucial test action on whether 
liability is established in prin- 
ciple. The other actions will 
await the outcome of that 

main trial. 

Writs must be served by 
October ], details of claims 
must be made by November 1, 
and notification to the defen- 
dants of a wish to join the 
scheme must be made by 
December 1. The lead actions 
must be notified by 'March 
next year. • . ' 

For further information contact: 
Opren Action Croup.. 13 Carium 
Gate. Oerehun. Norfolk. 


BBC given warning on 
tobacco advertising 


By A Staff Reporter 


The BBC is failing in its 
attempts to reduce tobacco 
.advertising in main sporting 
‘.events, the Health Education 
-Council says. 

The council has warned Mr 
Bill Cotton, managing director 
of BBC Television, that, un- 
less further steps are taken, 
tobacco-sponsored sport 
-would have to be phased out 

A report published yes- 
.terday by the council and the 
•North Western Regional 
.Health Authority claims that, 
. despite controls announced by 
the BBC this spring, it contin- 


ues to allow extensive ciga- 
rette advertisings! peak times, 
encouraging young people to 
“carry on smoking”. ' 

The report’s authors have 
written to Mr Cotton asking 
him to ensure that tobacco 
advertising boards are out of 
camera range and that the use 
of company colours and logos 
in designing stage sets should 
be restricted. They also call for 
more visible health warnings. 

Monitoring Tobacco-Spon- 
sored Snooker on BBC TV 1985- 
86 (North Western Regional 
Health Authority and the 
Health Education Council). 


Hospice 
for Aids 
approved 

By Tim Jones 

The decision to establish 
Britain's first hospice for 
sufferers from Aids was ap- 
proved by members of Ken- 
sington and Chelsea Borough 
Council's planning committee 
in spite of determined oppo- 
sition from local residents. 

Before taking the decision, 
on Tuesday night, to establish 
the 26-bed unit, to be homed 
in a converted school in 
Netting HOI Gate, west Lon- 
don, members of the planning 
committee were aware that 
more than BOO people had 
written letters or signed pe- 
titions objecting to the scheme. 

Bat the members decided by 
eight votes, with one absten- 
tion, to grant planning per- 
mission for the hospice, to be 
known as London Lighthouse. 
It will be used as a model for 
similar projects in Britain. 

As part of its consultations 
the council sent 138 letters to 
occupants near by and re- 
ceived 63 letters, of support, 
mduding ]8 from local medi- 
cal and professional prac- 
titioners. A petition signed by 
24. people' supported fire 
estabtishemehrof the centre. 

But the coundl also received 
41 letters of objection, and 
petitions of protest, signed by 
people living or working in the 
area. 

Mr E. A. Sanders, the 
council's Director of Planning- 
and Transportation, in a re- 
port to the committee, outlined 
another main point raised by 
the objectors: 

“There is already a substan- 
tial number of special^ care 
hostels and institutions in the 
area, dealing with _ home- 
lessness, drug addiction, the 
elderly and the mentally 
handicapped and further such 
uses would put nonnai commu- 
nity life at risk.” 


: ‘Devil’ son 
stabbed 
; by woman 

^ A young mother's involve^ 
meni with a born-again Chris- 
tian group made her believe 
her son aged four was the devil 
and that she had to kill him, a 
court was told yesterday. 

- Mrs Lyn Loughrey, aged 29, 
plunged a pair of scissors into 
her son's back as he lay in bed 
and then tried to kill herself, 
Gloucester Crown Court was 
told. 

^•She thought that her older 
Ison was Satan and that his 
younger brother was Jesus 
Christ reborn, the prosecution 
said. 

Fortunately, the child es- 
caped without serious injury 
from the attack and spent only 
two days in hospital, Mr Jon 
Dixon, for the prosecution, 
said. . 

Loughrey, of Priory Road, 
Gloucester, admitted unlaw- 
fully wounding the boy on 
November27 Iasi year and she 
was put on probation for three 
years. 

Judge Gabriel Hutton or- 
dered her to receive psychi- 
atric treatment and told her 
”1 would suggest that born- 
again Christians are not good 
for you and vou might think it 
desirable to'keep out of their 
way”. 


Polaroid adds 
200 jobs 

Polaroid is to recruit 200 
more people for ns Vale of 
Leven factory in Strathclyde 
where the company’s new 
Image System camera is 

made. . . . _ 

The camera, which pro- 
duces colour photographs 
within 90 seconds, will be 
launched in Britain soon and 
the workforce is expected to 
reach 1,900 by the end of the 
year. 


Chocolate 
bars dosed 
with drug 

• By Stewart Temfler 
Crime Reporter 

The sale of children’s choc- 
olate bars impregnated with' a 
strong dose of c ann a b is was 
being investigated yesterday 
by detectives who. believe a 
drug-dealing group is behind 
the incident. 

No evidence baa emerged 
that the bars have been sold to 
children but police-officers in 
Bristol where the group has 
been operating, said the drug 
had been put into bars that 
would be aimed at those of 
school age. 

The cannabis was added to 
20 gram Cadbury's Dairy 
Milk bars which normally sen 
at 12p. Those with the drug 
added have been offered for 
£ 2 . 

Police officers who raided a 
house in the Kingsdown area 
of Bristol after a six-week 
operation found one of the 



Det Chief Inspector Robert 
Worraff with examples of 
the type of bar involved. 

Woman said the bars con- 
tained about 10 per cent can- 
nabis. He added: “We would 
stress that chocolate on sale in 
shops is perfectly safe”. 

• A man aged 36 appeared in 
court yesterday charged with 
possession and intent to Sup- 
ply cannabis. He was re- 
bars. cannabis and equipment, manded in custody until 
Del Chief Inspector Robert September 17. 


Fifty-seven te enag ers, who 
completed a pioneer coarse in 
vocational training at schools 
throughout Fwgfand last year, 
yesterday received their Cert- 
ificates of Pre-Vocational 
Edncation from the Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, Mr Kenneth Baker. 

The teenagers represent a 
total 18,000 students, aged IS 
to 16, who took part in the 
scheme at nearly 1,000 schools 
and colleges. 

As Mr Baker presented tiie 
awards on board the River 
Thames **■» Chev- 


ByTrodi McIntosh 

mung, in London, many sto- But work experience at a car 


dents explained how the 
training scheme had “turned 
the tide of their careers”. 

Lynn Gallagher, aged 17, 
from Aiky, Coventry, who 
joins the Royal Air Force in 
three weeks, said she fonnd 
renewed independence and 
self-confidence through taking 
the course at the North 
Warwickshire College of 
Technology and Art. 

“I really wanted to become a 
policewoman, but I couldn't 
because of my short height and 
eyesight” she said. 


assembly plant and an export 
firm had taught her how to 
with people. 

Miss Ursula Russell, head 
teacher at the Hayesfield 
Comprehensive School in 
Bath, Avon, said the course 
had made a world of difference 
to the career chances of Stuart 
Tate, aged 17, a former stu- 
dent from Culverhay School, 
which ran the course jointly 
with Hayesfield. 

“He was the ideal CPVE 
student who hadn't done well 
academically but had plenty of 


potential for a career in 
management.” 

He said: “The course gave 
me the confidence 1 needed 
and now I have got a full-time 
job in the sports retail trade in 
Bath” 

Mr Baker said that 45,000 
students in England would 
take part in the second course 
during 1986-87. 

He praised the Joint Board 
for Pre-Vocational Education, 
which developed the scheme, 
and parents, employers and 
teaefaiws for encouraging the 
students. 


Package holidays 


Law to force freer price competition 


ion is to be used by 
the Government to enforce 
freer price competition on 
foreign package holidays. 

The move was announced 
yesterday by Mr Michael 
Howard, Minister for Cor- 
porate and Consumer Affairs, 
after a Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission investigation 
which condemned agreements 
by which many tour operators 
restrict travel agents in giving 
“extras” to sell holidays. 

The Government has ac- 
cepted the commission’s find- 
ing that tour operators should 
be allowed to control the price 
of their holidays, but that 
travel agents should be safe- 
guarded ' from .. intervention 
which stops them competing 
on inducements to customers, 
such as free insurance, free 
parking and cheap travel to 
airports. 

The commission had 
recommended that to achieve 
that an addition should be 


Where the cost of 

a holiday goes 


By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor, and Michael HorsneQ 

negotiated to the code of 
conduct of the Association of 
British Travel Agents 
(ABTA), which has 6,000 
mem bos. 

Not all tour operators are 
ABTA members so Mr How- 
ard, after discussions with Sir 
Gordon Borne, Director Gen- 
eral of Fair Trading, has 
derided to legislate under the 
Fair Trading Act. 

Although the commission 
maintained in its report that 
significant benefits should 
emerge for holidaymakers 
from freer competition ' on 
.inducements, ABTA, which 
. yesterday claimed It would 
.make “little or no difference” 

-in the market place. 

Mr Jack Smith, ABTA 
president, said; “Normal 
competitive market forces set 
the pace in. this business. In 
some areas there is much less 
discounting this year because 
travel agents cannot afford to 
doit.” 



The fierce competition in 
the p a ckag e holiday industry 
will be sharpened further for 
travel agents, who will have to 
bear the costs of the proposed 
discounts, cutting into the 
10 per cent which they nor- 
mally receive for each holiday 
sold. 


The margins of the package 
business are wafer thin. A 14- 
night holiday at the five-star 
Reid's Hotel on the island of 
Madeira, beginning on 
November 1, will cost £766 
per head for holidaymakers 
booking with Select Holidays. 

The cost components are: 
agent's commission £76.60p 
(10 per cent): tour operator's 
margin £38.30p (5 per cent), 
hotel £497.90p (65 per cent), 
travel (flight and ground 
transfer) £153.20 

(20 per cent). 

• While the - agrat's commis- 
sion on any holiday is almost 
always steady at 10 per cent, a 
tour operator receives any- 
thing from nothing to 10 per- 
cent maximum, and it 
averages out at about 5 per- 
cent. The so-called zero profit 
may result from the use of a 
particular holiday as a loss 
leader or as a promotion. 


Moves to 
revise 
penalty 
guide 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

The traffic committee of the 
Magistrates* Association is to 
consider revising guidelines 
on the sort of punishment 
drivers should receive, bear* 
ing in mind the new fixed 
penalties for road traffic of- 
fences. 

“Most of the penalties are 
less than the _ Magistrates’ 
Association guidelines for 
courts”. Dr Douglas Acres, its 
chairman, said yesterday. 

“It seems unjust that you 
should increase the penalty 
because someone has ex- 
ercised the right to come to 
court.” 

But it was a matter of law 
that the penalty should be 
reduced for a plea of guilty 
because it saved courts' lime, 
expense of the solicitors, and 
in certain cases saved wit- 
nesses, who bad suffered, from 
coming to give evidence. 

The Home Office says that 
the average fine imposed for 
all motoring offences was £40 
in 1984. The fixed penalties 
drivers face are of £12 and 
£24. 

If tickets for offences are 
ignored, the penalty will be 
increased by 50 per cent. The 
sum outstanding will be 
“registered" in the driver's 
local court, which means it 
will be treated like a fine. 

Dr Acres said the scheme 
must save courts’ time, but it 
would apply only where there 
had been a single offence. In 
many instances there was 
more than one offence 
charged and they would still 
go to court. 

Half a million cases will be 
taken out of court, it is 
estimated, by the new fixed- 
penalty scheme and the fast 
spreading Vehicle Defect 
Rectification Scheme. 

Under the scheme, a police 
officer seeing a defect on a 
vehicle issues the driver with a 
ticket to get it repaired within 
14 days. He can have the 
vehicle repaired anywhere, 
but he must get his ticket 
stamped by a garage em- 
powered to do an MOT test. 


High scorers 

The number of polytechnic 
students gaining first class 


degrees rose by 20 per cent to 
-a record level this year. Fig- 
ures' released yesterday 
showed that 1,395 graduates, 
or 4.6 per cent, gained firsts, 
compared . with 3.9 per cent 
last year. 


Brunei degrees 

Degrees awarded by Brunei 
University will be published 
tomorrow. 


13-year 
hunt for 
mother 

The police yesterday inten- 
sified a hunt for a mother 
missing for more than 13 
years. 

They made a public appeal 
for information about the 
disappearance of Mrs Joan 
Main. 

Mrs Main, who would now 
be aged 38. has not been seen 
since January 1973 when she 
disappeared from the house in 
Blunsdon Road, Haydon 
Wick. Swindon. Wiltshire, 
-without taking any personal 
possessions. 

" Under the terms of her 
divorce from Mr Main in 1972 
Mr Main was to purchase a 
house for her and their chil- 
dren. Mrs Main moved into it 
in January 1973. 

She disappeared soon after- 
wards while the children were 
at school . 

Dei Chief Inspector Rodney 
Legg said yestaday that, al- 
though correspondence from 
her had allegedly been re- 
ceived by the family, he did 
not believe it was genuine. 

He said: “We consider that 
the circumstances of her dis- 
appearance are highly sus- 
picious”. 

The family’s fears at the 
time had been reduced by a 
letter and a birthday card 
believed to have been sent by 
her in April 1973 postmarked 
Newport, Gwent, Mr Legg 
said. ■ . 

Mr David Main, her former 
husband, faces charges relating 
to the£l 0,000 sale in 1975 ofa 
house they jointly owned. 


Fishing lake tests planning waters 


By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 


An odd test of the Gov- 
ernment’s robust new planning 
policies was played out yes- 
terday in a village. Many of 
the latest controversies about 
landscape planning were pa- 
raded in the same small 
inquiry. 

Its key issue, whether a 
recently dug fishing lake ia 
Litde Tew, Oxfordshire, is a 
fish farm or an anglers' play- 
ground, will have to be decided 
by ministers. _ 

The definition hi important 
if the lake, which covers an 
acre, is used to make money 
from fishermen it needs plan- 
ning permission. If it is a fish 
form it is corned by agri- 


cultural immunity from plan- 
ning laws. 

The lake is also part of a 
forming business that is creat- 
ing jobs. The thrust of the 
Government's new p fanning 
policies is that local planners 
Should not obstruct worth- 
while job-creating projects. 

' Little Tew is a small stone 
village which lies in rolling 
country just outside the Cots- 
wolds. Many villagers are 
sceptical of the value to their 
community of die lake, what- 
ever it is there for. 

Mr John Odell, its creator 
and owner, who has set up a 
mixed farming business and 
riding school in the village. 


of 


■ said that the Ministry 
Agriculture had congratulated 
Jum for finding an aheruative 
use for a piece of farmland. 

Mach argument at tbe bear- 
ing in Chipping Norton has 
centred on whether Mr Odell, 
a development manager with 
Cadbury Schweppes, had 
called his fishing fake a farm 
in order to fo3 attempts to use 
the planning laws against him. 
He was appealing against a 
council notice forcing him to 
reverse his plans for the fake. 

He said it must be a farm 
because be bad often sold fish 
from it to a restaurant in Great 
Tew near by. 

The inquiry was adjourned. 


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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1986 


i .‘U 


Hailsham in call for Pct shop 

6^ j x li 9 man fined 

"cards on table’ £200 over 
disclosures by lawyers 


By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 


Longer and more frequent 
sittings by judges and “cards 
on the table" disclosures by 
lawyers in criminal cases were 
among several reforms to 
speed trials called for by the 
Lord Chancellor. Lord Hail- 
sham of St Marylebone. yes- 
terday. 

Bui he said that he saw “no 
prospect in the immediate 
future" of a fall in the rate of 
increase of business in the 
civil and criminal courts. 

One reason was the legal 
profession with its “too many 
sacred cows" which Lord 
Hailsham attiacked as one of 
the “obstacles to rational 
reform" of court procedures. 

In civil and criminal cases, 
lawyers “waste a great deal of 
time and money by playing 
their cards too close to their 
chests". Lord Hailsham told 
the Commonwealth law con- 
ference in Jamaica. 

Another problem was the 
“depressing trend" of an in- 
crease in the volume of busi- 
ness in civil, criminal and 
matrimonial cases, he said. 

In the criminal courts the 
rise in the number of cases 
“seems remorseless" and be- 
tween 1979 and 1985 the 
workload rose by 65 per cent. 
Last ycarthc rise was more 
than 1 1 per cent. 

In spite of making the 
speedy disposal of business in 


the civil and criminal courts 
one of his highest priorities, he 
had been “conspicuously less 
successful" in his present term 
of office than in his first from 
1970 to 1974, when he had 
had a “considerable measure 
of success". 

Speeding up trials consisted 
partly of the. “backbreaking 
and cxiremely expensive” 
business of finding new sites 
for courts and building them, 
he said- There was also the 
“difficult task" of appointing 
judges of suitable quality lo'sit 
in them. 

“The salary of a judge, even 
with the security of a pension, 
is not comparable with the 
highest earnings of the Bar. 
and no self-respecting Lord 
Chancellor will be content 
with second-rate judicial ap- 
ppoinlmcms.” • 

The task would be much 
easier in a few gears' time 
when the greatly increased 
numbers in the profession 
reached maturity. 

The Lord Chancellor urged 
several reforms to speed trials. 
In the civil and criminal 
courts there was room for 
greater initiative and control 
by judges over the time taken 
for cases to proceed. 

Second, lawyers' heads 
“needed to be- knocked 
together" in pre-trial proce- 
dures where the real issues at 


stake were identified, even if 
that meant both sides disclos- 
ing their evidence before the 
hearing. 

He added that, for criminal 
cases, he supported the pro- 
posal made by Lord Roskill in 
his recent report on fraud 
trials, that the defence should 
not be allowed to withhold 
“reasonable admissions”. 

More could also be done to 
reduce argument and evidence 
to a. document 

The profession had “too 
many sacred cows". Many of 
the legal system's established 
rules, practices and structures 
dated from a century or more 
ago and were not necessarily 
suited io deal with possible 
threats to civil liberty today. 

The aim of court procedure 
' must., be to encourage civil 
claims to be settled, unjustifi- 
. able prosecutions to be 
aborted and indefensible' 
crimes to end in a pica. 

“In criminal cases it should 
clearly be - understood that 
picas of guilty should usually 
carry a discounted sentence, 
and in civil cases, settlements 
in the interests of both parties 
should likewise be an object of 
public policy." 

In family cases, conciliation 
and agreed orders should be 
encouraged “both from public 
policy and humanitarian rea- 
sons". he said. 


' A pet shop owner was fined 
£200 yesterday for illegally 
possessing and offering for 
sale Great Crested Newts. 

Magistrates in Leamington . 
Spa, Warwickshire, were told , 
that the “rather attractively 
coloured creatures” are pro- 
tected under the Wildlife and 
Countryside Act, 1981. 

Mr Paal Waterworth, for 
the prosecution, said that last 


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who runs the Chandos Aquar- 
ium a nd Water Garden Centre 
in the town's High Street, bad i 
the newts on sale for 85p each. 

After a warning from an | 
RSPCA inspector he pot up a 
notice saying that they were 
not for sale and said he would 
apply for a licence to keep 
them. 

But he did not do so and 
when Mr Ian Sylvester, a 
zoologist from the Nature 
Conservancy Council, visited 
-the shop later in the month he 
saw 15 Great Crested Newts 
on display. 

When he returned with the 
police later that day there were 
only nine newts left, although 
Taggart denied selling the 
others, saying that they most 
have escaped. 

Great Crested Newts are 
protected because their num- 
bers have declined since the 
Second World War. 

The newts from Taggart's 
shop have been returned to a 
pond on the outskirts of 
Leamington. 






. tty---:: 

'-A ^ , 




More food Riot arson 
mountains case man 
predicted faces 
by Lords a retrial 

v A jurv was unable yesterday 

By Sheila Gnnd |0 reaC h a decision in the trial 

Political Staff 0 f t he alleged Handxwwih riol 

Higher mountains of un; petrol bomber. James Hazell, 

lXS*^ report pub- Crown Coun had speu «ght 
kSS tndav. hours considering us verdict 


Miss Karen Saunders and Mr John Thorne entering the 
spirit of the game when they donncxl Edwardian costume for 
a Hurlingham Club croquet tournament in aid of -the 
NSPCC (Photograph: Hugh Routiedge). 




Working and travelling away from home 
can leave you feeling drained of energy. 

The gentle art of restoration is to stay at 
one of Sheraton’s fine hotels. 

We have five in the UK (Sheraton Park 
Towet Belgravia Sheraton, Sheraton Skyline, 
Sheraton Heathrow and now the Edinburgh 


Sheraton) with another five hundred worldwide. 

Whichever one you choose you can be 
sure of leaving your troubles on the doorstep. 

Besides receiving a warm welcome you’ll 
quickly appreciate our efficient service. 

No doubt you’ve had enough frustrations 
with work. 


Sheraton 

The hospitality people of | 

ITT 


Lords committee report pub- 
lished today. L , 

The committee, chaired D> 

I Lord Gallacher. gives a waro- 
j ing that plans to reform tne 
common agricultural po'fp 
and cut surpluses are oaaiy 
flawed and contradictory. 

It tricked out for particular 
! criticism the EEC scheme to 
encourage formers aged over 
55 to retire. , 

“Far from reducing surplus 
production, the implementa- 
tion of a pre-pension scheme 
could add to the surpluses 
because new entrants with 
heavy borrowing commit- 
ments are likely to form as 
intensively as possible , it 
said. 

It was unlikely to entice 
more 'of Britain's 100,000 
eligible formers to give up. 
Those taking advantage of the 
scheme would probably be 
those who had decided to 
retire. 

The committee came out 
firmly against the idea of 
leaving form land to go to 
scrub. Conservation should be 
through fanning and not in- 
stead of it, it said. 

“The Commission has tried 
to achieve too much with the 
limited money available”, it 
concluded, “fin its anxiety to 
instigate reform the Commis- 
sion is tending to confuse its 
objectives and to diffuse its 
limited funds.” 


and a night m an hotel. : 

Mr Hazell. aged 30, of 
Winson Green, Birmingham, 
who has denied arson, was 
said to have been identified as 
the petrol bomber by pictures 
on the front page of a national 

newspaper. 

A second defendant. Aaron 
Palgravc. aged 21. of Hands- 
worth. Birmingham, was con- 
victed by a unanimous verdict 
on the three charges he faced 
of arson, possessing an explo- 
sive and causing an explosion. 

Palgrave was shown in press 
photographs handing a petrol 
bomb to another man who 
threw it at a building, causing 
£20,000 worth of damage. He 
was jailed for five years. 

International 
beer test 

More than 3.000 invitations 
arc being sent to breweries 
throughout the world for a 
beer competition to be staged 
next March in Bunon-on- 
Trent. centre of British brew- 
ing. 

The competition will be 
judged in Burton and the 
awards will be presented in 
June at an exhibition in Earls 
Court. London, where more 
than 200 exhibitors have al- 
ready booked 80 per cent of 
the space. 


The Lords said that wit- XT « i , 

nesses piled “metaphor upon INUClC&T Dlfillt 
metaphor” in arguing that the , , i 

proposals tried to deal with Sflllt flOWIl 


metaphor in arguing tnat uie 
proposals tried to deal with 
surpluses, agricultural support 
and improved efficiency, the 
quality of food and the 
environment, all at the same 
time. 

The committee added: “We 
believe that it would be easier 
to achieve some results if the 
Commission were to make up 
its mind what the primary 
bird is. instead of trying to kill 
three birds with one stone”. 


A nuclear power station at 
Hartlepool. Cleveland, was 
closed yesterday for two weeks 
of repairs after the discovery 
of a slcam leak in pipework 
outside one of the plant's two 
reactors. 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board said: “The 
steam was not radioactive and 
none of the staff was affected”. 


„ . . „ . ‘ * The station's other reactor was 

House of Lords Select Commit- already closed for statutory 

ST maintenance. 

Structural Polity in Agriculture DpV frooenro 
(Stationery Office: £10.80). JlA^ S UcdNUre 


maintenance. 

PC’s treasure 

Police Constable Peter 
Vidpn rhlpf Cracknel! aged 34. who dug 
T lUCU L111C1 IU up 55 gold and silver ancient 

KnoJ coins w ‘ lh ,he he, P of a mc ^ 

UC UC4U U1 detector near his beat in 
4rx„. w Ludgcrshall, Wiltshire, could 

Upen College be £7,000 richer after an 
w . . , _ , inquest yesterday declared 

Mr Michael Green, aged 38, them to be treasure trove, 
head of Carlton Commumca- A _ _ _ _ 

lions. Europe's biggest tele- £ 5.000 flOfi 

vision and video services * 7 o 

company, was named yes- A couple in Harborne, Bir- 
lerday as chairman of the new mingham. are prepared to 
Open College of the Air. reduce by £5.000 the price of 

,u_ their £70,000 house for a 

purchaser who is also willing 

ment at a press-conference in 

London. Lord Young of oilPrhniinrt^evir*h:n?m»tn 
Graffham. Secretary of State S 

for Employment, said he was Den ' na 
surc that "his impressive busi- Kpnnflll colp 
ness skills, deep knowledge of aailv 

the rapidly developing world Miss Kim Kendall, the ac- 
of broadcasting technology tress sister of Kay Kendall 
and enthusiasm for the poxen- who died in 1957. and her 
tial of open learning” would husband have bought the 
ensure ihe success of the lighthouse at Withemsea. 
Government’s new venture in Humberside, the town where 
helping workers to improve the sisters were born. They 
their skills through the media, paid £55.000. 

Mr Green, who is not an TV/fcm laitafl 
educationist by training, con- JitllCU 

ceded that he was a surprise Saied Montegemi. aged 34, 
choice for the job. of Gateshead, T yne and Wear. 

“I hope it will help me to admitted insulting behaviour 
take an objective view”, he to a boy aged 12 outside 
said. “There is a real need for Buckingham Palace on August 
the Open College. 7 - and was jailed for two 

“The number of people who - m t on . lhs . Bow Str «* Mag- 
get involved in any. kind of ,strales Coun yesterday, 
education and training after A rmlinn 
school is far too small ” /VnglMg CUT D 

The Open Collie, which Anglers using lakes and 
will be run along the lines of waterways owned by West 
the Open University, but with Sussex County Council arc to 
a much smaller staff, aims to b? banned from using lead 
attract a million students dur- sinker weights of up to 14 
ing its first five years. It will grams to protect swans from 
provide vocational courses lca d poisoning, 
below degree level, using tele- t?- « 1 va 

vision, particularly Channel 4. X 1 1T6II1611 S DCli 

Several big companies have More than 50 senior fire 
been approached about fund- officers, attending the Fire '86 
mg and sponsorship and. Exhibition in Glasgow, had to 
according 10 Lord Young, had evacuate the rity’sHospitaliiy 

££? in Ih^rggL ' n ~ ^^day'vhcn fire broke 

Buoyant house prices 
‘to last two years’ 

By Christopher Warniaa, Property Correspondent 

evSr&u p iiT M i s. & 5****>i*«— »p- 

^ y&a ^ Since the beginning of 1982, 

acc ording to an economist however, prices have been 

Uoy^ Banks economic mmligher than at any time 
Mr Patrick Folev S II lce 1973, leadin g some 

SS5SS 

South-east, might soon he disposable income is 

revereaL * “ IT mam factor determining 

He says that desnire h0USe p . nce “Orements and a 

risS hou^onW arf^S “"^nson of house prices 
abnormally hi p*, and with disposable income shows 

SFWW 

booms in the 1970s. 

In July this year prices were . lhat 0VCT the 1 ! 

□P by 14 per cent ^ the recent rapid 

country as a whole compared ,n 5 ome 

than a year earlier and »n Ihl EJlf 6 ) n ^ a,wn t0 a level that 
first quarter of 1973, tb^ house h p < l^ L red,1Cti011 “ real 


leave behind. 


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House prices must in- 
evitably fall in real terms, but 
not for another two years, 
according to an economist 
writing in this mouth's issue of 
Lloyds Bank’s economic 
bulletin. 

Mr Patrick Foley, the 
bank’s regional economist, 
says that nominal prices are 
much less likely to CaJL and 
rejects the suggestion that the 
present boom in prices, 

I particularly in London and the 
South-east, might soon be 
reversed. 

•„ He says that, despite sharp 
rises, house prices are not 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


Howe fears effect of 
Daniloff arrest on 
Gorbachov’s reforms 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 


Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
Mid the continuing Soviet 
detention of Nicholas Dan- 
dofC the American journalist, 
“seems inconsistent with their 
proclaimed wish for a serious 
summit” 

Sir Geoffrey told a press 
conference at the end two days 
of top-level talks with the 
-Reagan Administration and 
congressional leaders, which 
‘were, preoccupied with the 
superpower crisis over Mr 
Daniloff; “Nobody knows for 
sure whether it is a deliberate 
attempt to sabotage the pros- 
pects of a summit or whether 


h is the consequence of ill- 
judgement or clumsiness.** 

The US was right not to 
allow itself to let the affair 
distract h from the long-term 
task of pursuing improved 
relations with the Soviet 
Union. 

■ “The worry in my mind is 
that Mr Gorbachov's new 
broom risks being smashed by 
old Soviet-style reflexes,” he 
added. 

On South Africa, the other 
key subject of Sir Geoffrey's 
talks, he expressed continuing 
scepticism about the impact oT 
sanctions against South Af- 
rica, despite the European 



■ Sir Geoffrey Howe and Mr George Shultz, the US Secretary 
of State, after their talks in the State Department. 


Community’s imminent de- 
cision to impose a range of 
tougher new penalties. 

He said it would be sensible 
to co-ordinate EEC sanctions 
with any new measures the 
United States might impose, 
although he emphasized the 
enormous difficulties of doing 
sa 

Even ifthere was precise co- 
ordination between the Euro- 
pean Community, the US and 
Japan, other trading nations 
would seek to outwit them. “A 
number of us are sceptical 
about the effectiveness of 
sanctions.” 

Foreign Ministers of the 
European Community meet 
in Brussels next week to 
decide on specific new mea- 
sures against South Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey was in Wash- 
ington both as Foreign Sec- 
retary and as President of the 
Council of Ministers of the 
European Community. He 
held two hours of talks on 
Tuesday with Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, 
followed by a working dinner, 
which dealt with southern 
Africa, terrorism, the Middle 
East and trade relations be- 
tween the European Commu- 
nity and the US. 

Sir Geoffrey said he had pm 
forward ideas for improving 
overall consultation between 
the US and the Community. 

Mrs King flounders, page 7 




Eight Tamil 
guerrillas 
. die in clashes 

From VipthaYapa 
Colombo 

Eight Tamil guerrillas were 
killed in two separate in- 
cidents in Sri Lanka’s Eastern 
Province on Tuesday, accord- 
ing to' a Government comm- 
unique. 

At Kommanthurai the se- 
curity forces killed five 
guerrillas preparing to blow up 
a bridge. Three were identified 
as belonging to die liberation 
Tigers of Tamil Eelam. 

At Ambavelipuram, in Trin- 
comalee district, three gnerrfl- 
las were killed and - three 
arrested in a dash with se- 
curity forces searching for two 
abducted members of the 
Sinhalese community on Tues- 
day. 


Canada files charges 
against refugee skipper 


Tbe West German captain 
of the small cargo ship which 
cast adrift more than 150 Sri 
Lankan Tamil refugees off 
Newfoundland last month has 
been charged in his absence 
with two offences. 

The charges were laid in St 
John's, Newfoundland, agai- 
nst Captain Wolfgang Bindri, 
aged 45, of Nordenham. 

Two Sri T anlcans living in 
West Germany, Vyramutha 
Raihnan, aged 37, and Moh- 
ammed Dawood-Lebbi, aged 
39, have been charged in their 
absence on one count 
None of the alleged offences 
is extraditable, and it is doubt- 
ful whether the three win ever 
appear In a Canadian court 


From John Best, Ottawa 


The refugees, plucked from 
two lifeboats by Canadian 
fishing vessels, have been 
allowed to stay in ranada for 
at least a year while they look 
for work. 

Captain Bindel is charged 
under tbe Immigration Act 
with felling to present pas- 
sengers on his ship, the 
Aurigae, to a Canadian im- 
migration officer for exam- 
ination. 

He and the two Sri Lankans 
are charged under the Crim- 
inal Code with conspiracy to 
commit the offence cited in 
the first count. 

. The charges carry a penalty 
on summary conviction of six 
months in jail, a $Can500 
(£250) fine, or both. 


Opposition 
boycott 
threat in 
Nicaragua 

From Alan Tomlinson 
Managua 

Opposition parties in Nica- 
ragua are threatening to 
bo further part in drawing up 
the country’s new constitution 
unless tiie Government comes 
to a broad agreement with 
them over the nation's political 
future. 

Half the Opposition dep- 
uties stayed away from a 
ceremony in the National 
Assembly on Tuesday at 
whkh the Government pre- 
sented a revised draft of the 
constitution for debate. 


The gesture was clearly 
aimed at embarrassing the 
rating Sandinistas in front of 
invited foreign diplomats. 

The Government has de- 
scribed the new constitution as 
the first in which the genuine 
interests of the people are 
bring considered, and has 
pointed to the year-long pro- 
cess of public consultation as 
evidence of Che fu nd a me ntally 
democratic nature ri the San- 
diuista revolution. 

The Sandinistas are hoping 
the constitutional process will 
help than recover some of the 
international prestige lost 
when right-wing parties boy- 
cotted general elections two 
years ago, alleging fraud. 

Now five of the six moderate 
and left-wing parties, which 
ran in the election and occupy 
a third ri Assembly seats, say 
they will boycott the constitu- 
tional debate unless tbe Gov- 
ernment agrees to resolve 
beforehand some of tbe deep 
political differences dividing 
the country. 

Parties across a broad spec- 
trum from Conservatives to 
Communists want tbe debate 
postponed until a consensus on 
the country's future has been 
readied in talks with all 
parties. ■ 

They are not, however, 
proposing that American- 
backed rebels, known as the 
Contras, should join the nego- 
tiations at this stage. This has 
been a stumbling block to 
earlier «11« for national 
dialogue. 

“The oonstitntion parse will 
not resolve the national crisis, 
as it cannot operate effectively 
unless it is . the product ri 
political agreement between 
parties,” said SSnor Yirgilio 
Godoy, leader of the Indepen- 
dent liberals. 

“The crisis is not only 
pofitkaL it is economic, social, 
even religions.” 



President ' 

Minister, Mr! 


^ j — -g his country's highest award to the Indian Prime 

, for support given to his Government, at a ceremony in Delhi. 


UN urged to keep 
human rights body 

From A Correspondent, Geneva 


The United Nations should 
not be allowed to scale down 
its investigations in the field of 
human rights simply because 
of a financial crisis, a three- 
day meeting of non-gov- 
ernmental organizations 
(NGOs) decided here 
yesterday. 

But tbe meeting, called to 
protest against cancellation of 
the 1986 UN sub-commission 
on prevention of discrimina- 
tion and protection of minor- 
ities, failed to come up with 
any concrete proposals for re- 
instituting the meetings. 

Instead it called on all 
NGOs present to bring “maxi- 
mum pressure" on the govern- 
ments of their borne countries 
to makft sure the sub-commis- 
sion meets again the the 
future. 

Seventeen of the 26 mem- 
bers of the sub-commission, 
an independent body which 
provides advice to the UN 
Human Rights Commission, 
were present. All agreed with 
Mr Peter Davies, director of 
the London-based Anti-Slav- 
ery Society, that the sub- 
commission should be re- 
convened. 

Mr Davies told a press 


conference: “You have to look 
at the bottom line, at what is 
acceptable and what has a 
chance of being listened to at 
the UN and not tossed into 
somebody's waste paper 
basket 

“That's what we have been 
trying to do here; to draft a 
document which has some 
chance of being accepted.” 

The sub-commission nor- 
mally meets in Geneva for 
four weeks every August to 
debate the thousands of com- 
plaints from invididuals and 
organizations claiming their 
human rights have been vi- 
olated and asking the UN to 
do something about it. 

This year’s session was can- 
celled by the UN secretariat as 
part of economy measures 
instituted earlier this year, this 
means cases of alleged 
discrimination will not now 
be heard until 1987. 

Tbe seminar, which ended 
yesterday, decided to keep the 
steering committee in perma- 
nent session as a means of 
bringing before tbe UN Sec- 
retary General, Sefior Javier 
P6rcz de Cuellar, the need to 
reconvene the sub- 
commission. 


State poll 
clash in 
Australia 

From Stephen Taylor 
Sydney 

The sian of the Queensland 
election campaign has brought 
a vitriolic dispute between the 
state and federal governments 
over allegations that Australia 
has been a launching pad for 
terrorism by such organiza- 
tions as the PLO. 

For the second day running. 
Mr Bob Hawke, the Prime 
Minister, denounced Sir Joh 
Bjelke-Petersen, the Queens- 
land Premier, saying he had “a 
sick mind” and was unfit to 
govern. 

Sir Joh, a long-surviving 
political maverick, replied 
that he had raised the question 
in the aftermath of the Ka- 
rachi attack on an American 
airliner “to encourage public 
discussion” about the PLO 
office in Australia. 

Canberra permits the PLO, 
the African National Congress 
and Swapo to have informa- 
tion offices. 

The exchanges are the open- 
ing shots in a campaign that 
will tie as tough as any in 
recent years. The poll is likely 
to be in November. 


Summit on 
Middle 
East may 
go ahead 

The Egyptian Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Ali Lotfi. said in 
London yesterday that con- 
ditions for the a [titration of 
the Taba border dispute with 
Israel which has held up an 
Egyptian-Israeli summit, 
could be settled by KxfjiY 
(Reuter reports). 

Mr Lolfi cut short a private 
visit to Britain a day early to 
return to Cairo, amid specula- 
tion that the summit could be 
imminent. 

He said “some technical 
points remain to be settled 
today or tomorrow” and that 
the way would then be clear 
for a summit between Presi; 
dent Mubarak and the Israeli 
Prime Minister, Mr Shimon 
Peres, to go ahead. 

Rohmer wins 
at Venice 

Venice (Reuter) — The 
French director Eric Rohmer’s 
film Lc Raimi Vert, a gentle 
love story, won the Leone 
d'Oro (Golden Lion) award 
for best film at the Venice film 
festival. 

The award for best actress 
went to Valeria Golino for her 
role in the Italian film Stona 
d A more. while Carlo Delle 
Pianc was judged best actor 
for Regab at .\aiab. 

Banned poet 

Moscow (Reuter) — A vol- 
ume of verses by Nikolai 
Gumilyov, a banned Russian 
pool who was shot as a 
counter-revolutionary in 
1 921. is to be published in the 
Soviet Union. 

Animals out 

Helsinki (Reuter) - Cir- 
cuses in Finland will not he 
allowed to feature elephants 
and other big wild animals in 
their shows from next month 
under new anti-cruelty 
regulations. 

Forgotten men 

Peking (Reuter) — One day 
after the tenth anniversary' of 
the death of Chairman Mao 
Tse-tung. the Government an- 
nounced that death anniver- 
saries for Chinese leaders will 
no longer be marked , al- 
though their birthdays will be 
commemorated. 

Feeling fit 

Taipei (Reuter) - Taiwan 
has unveiled its first locally- 
made and designed car, the 
1800 cc Feeling-101. 


Come 300th in this competition 

and you win a Concorde holiday 
Just imagine what the 1st prize is. 







The worlds favourite airline. 


*' IT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTfMrct 11 1986 


■ + ,j- ... — . 






THE FINANCIAL TIMES, 148.1986. 


viiMul s 


Oh well, people were bound to talk. The 386 
microchip is big news. 

It has the potential to address an awesome 
4,000,000,000 bytes of working memory. 

It can also run your present industry-standard 
software two to three times faster than todays 
fastest desktops. 

So we weren't surprised when the Financial Times 
came sleuthing round to see if we really were 
building a 386 based machine. 


We hemmed, we hawed, we beat about the bush 
but they wouldn't take 'no comment' for an answer 
As you can see, they drew their own conclusions. 

Now, while we would dispute that a tortoise is 
an apt symbol for a company that made the fastest 

ever entry into the Fortune 500, we can no lonaer 
deny the. rumours. y 

You see, this week we launched the most 
advanced personal computer ever made th#» 
C0MPAQ Desk P r °386- campAa »» 

Well never renco tn 


Well never cease to amaze you? 


^ BS J 23 ■. BRISTOL BS1 -Vfi TH£PH 0 NE 0800444 123.0WIW 5 fSA RQSJStERED TRADEMARK AND COW DE5KFR0 386™ 


IS A TRADEMARK OF C0MWQ COMPUTER UD 















7 





i* 





Mrs King floundering 
out of her depth as 
South Africa trip ends 


From Michael Hornsby, 
Johannesburg 

The American civil 
activist. Mrs Coretta 
King, the widow of Dr Martin 
Luther King, flew to 
Johannesburg from Ope 
Town yesterday for an ex- 
pected meeting with Mrs Win- 
nie Mandela, the wife of the 
jailed African National Con- 
gress (ANC) leader. Mr Nel- 
son Mandela. 

Before leaving Cape Town, 
Mrs King, who is due to leave 
South Africa today at the 
expiry of the week's visa she 
was granted to attend the • 
enthronement of Archbishop 
Desmond Tutu, had a 30- 
minute meeting with Dr Allan 
Boesak, president of the 
World Alliance of Reformed 
Churches. 

Dr Boesak, a leading Col- 
oured (mixed-race) church 
opponent of the Government, 
afterwards praised Mrs King's 
“very wise and very coura- 
geous decision” to cancel 
meetings that she was to have 
held on Tuesday and yes- 
terday with President Botha 
and Chief Gaisha Buthelezi, 
the conservative Zulu leader. 

Mrs King said she was 
pleased “that we did not allow 
misrepresentations and mis- 
perceptions to destroy rel- 
ationships between people 
with the same base goals.” 

Dr Boesak and Mrs 
Mandela had said they would 
not meet Mrs King if she kept 
her appointments with Presi- 
dent Botha and Chief Buth- 
elezi. At first. Mis King 
insisted, through her aides, 
that she would “talk to 
anyone” and that she had 
come here “to dialogue,” a 
verbal usage which she seems 
to have coined. 

It soon became clear, how- 
ever, that Mrs King was not 
going to be allowed to di- 
alogue with just anyone. Tele- 
phone calls from the Rev Jesse 
Jackson, backing Dr Boesak's 
and Mrs Mandela's position, 
reportedly added to the pres- 
sure on her. Archbishop Tutu 
also explained to her, as be put 
it, “the sensitivities of our 
particular situation”. 


A revered figure 


Mrs King is a revered fignre in 
the US as the guardian of her 
husband's memory and politi- 
cal legacy, but she has not 
inherited his power or in- 
fluence, even among US 
blacks (Michael JBinyon • 
writes). 

As head of the Martin 
Luther King Centre for Non- 
Violent Social Change, she 
appears at ceremonial occa- 
sions, lends her name to 
various black and dvO rights 
cures and gives the keynote 
speech on the day, a national 


hoOday, honouring him. Mrs 
King, however, does not wield 
any political power in the way 
that- the Rev Jesse Jackson, 
Mayor Andrew Young and 
other black leaders do. Her 
ament mission to South Af- 
rica is more a symbolic ex- 
pression of black concern than 
an attempt to play a political 
rote like Mr Jackson's recent 
tour of the area. Any talks she 
has with Administration of- 
ficials here on her return 
would be mainly of a general 
nature. 


Mrs King has been 
floundering out of her depth 
ever since she and her consid- 
erable entourage arrived here. 
They were dearly quite un- 
prepared for the obstacles 
which her well-mean ing but 
vague desire to meet “a broad 
spectrum” of South African 
leaders would encounter. 

Government sources were 
crowing yesterday over what 
they see as a propaganda gift 
The incident, they contend, 
confirms that Mr Botha is a 
reasonable man prepared to 
talk with anyone who eschews 
violence, while his radical 
opponents are opposed to 
dialogue. The sources said 
that President Botha's door 
was still open to Mrs King. 

Mrs King’s aides were still 
claiming yesterday thai her 
derision to cancel her nip to 
Durban to meet Chief 
Buthelezi had nothing to do 
with political pressure but was 
because she was “exhausted,” 
according to one, or was 
suffering from “a leg ailment,” 
according to another. 

• Appeals heard: In Bloem- 
fontein, the Appellate Di- 
vision of the Supreme Court 
yesterday -heard appeals 
against conflicting judgements 
handed down on August 11 
and 14 by full benches of the 
Supreme Court in Durban and 
Pietermaritzburg on the legal- 
ity of emergency regulations 
providing for summary arrest 
and detention. 


It could be some weeks 
before the Appellate Division 
delivers its verdict. If it finds 
the regulations to be unlawful, 
the courts win be flooded with 
applications for the release of 
thousands of detainees. These 
have been in suspension pend- 
ing the appeals' outcome. 

• Back to school: Thousands 
of Soweto pupils went back to 
school yesterday after a 1 0-day 
break, but most left school 
before noon. It remains to be 
seen whether the three-days-a- 
week boycott of classes, in 
protest against the presence of 
troops on school grounds, 
which was being observed 
before the break, will be 
resumed. 


Sanctions by Ottawa 


Ottawa — The Canadian 
Government has ordered 
South African tourism and 
airline offices in the country to 
shut down by November 1 
(John Best writes). .• 

The move is pa/rt qf a 


Board in the Toronto Globe 
and Mailt offering Canadians 
a two-week tour of South 
Africa for JCan2,894 (£1,440), 
during which they could 
“freely converse” with all 
racial groups and ask “lough 


Commonwealth package of questions'", 
sanctions to end apartheid. “It is dear why the ad ws 
The November. 1 deadline run," the. External Affeirs 
stems from an advertisement Minister, Mr Joe Clark, Mid. 
placed by theTorontooffice of “ft was to defy C an ad ian 
the South African Tourism policy—” • ' • 


Zimbabwe 
doubt over 
pensions 

From A Correspondent 
Harare 

Zimbabwe's Minister of Fi- 
nance, Economic Planning and 
Development yesterday de- 
clined to give assurances to 
Parliament here of continued 
on nnai payments tot alling £28 
million to 40,000 white 
pensioners firing in South 
Africa. 

Many of the pensioners 
emigrated to the former colony 
of Rhodesia from Britain in 
the 1940s and 1950s, retiring 
to South Africa. 

If left destitute by Zim- 
babwean sanctions s 
Pret oriajn ost would return to 
Britain and look to the welfare 
state for support, observers 
believe. _ ... 

An MP for Mr Ian Smith's 

conservative Alliance Party, 
Mr Mark Partridge, told the 
House of Assembly that the 
prime Minister, Mr Robert 
Mugabe, had caused alarm 
jfiwonp pensioners by twice 
raising the possibility of sto p- 
ping remittances *“ Snn#h 
Africa. 

The right to remit a pension 
abroad was entrenched m 
Zimbabwe's 1980 Lancaster 
House independence con- 
stitution, he noted. 

The Minister, Dr Bernard 
Chidzero, said he was wen 
aware of the effect that cuffing 

pension payments would have 
on Zimbabwe's relations with 
the World Bank and the 
International Monetary Fund, 
as well as the United States 
and Britain. 

“That is why I regard this 
question as being deliberately 
mischievous and provocative, 
he said. 


IRA men 
state case 
in Holland 

From Robert Schiril 
Amsterdam 

The Dutch Supreme Court 
in The Hague yesterday heard 
Brendan McFarlane and Ge- 
rard Kelly,' IRA members 
sentenced to life imprison- 
ment in the United Kingdom, 
state their case against their 
extradition to Britain. 

McFarlane, aged 34, and 
Kelly, aged 32, who escaped 
from the Maze prison m 
Northern Ireland with 36 
others on September 25, 1983, 
were arrested in Amsterdam 
or. January 16 this year. 

Qn March 25 a court m 
Amsterdam decided that 
Kelly could be extradited but 
not McFarlane. Both the 
prosecution and the defence 
appealed against the ruling. 
The Supreme Court quashed 
the lower court's decision on 
technical grounds but deferred ! 
its own ruling on- the British 
extradition request. 

The Supreme Court yes- 
terday heard evidence fr 
the two men separately on the 
acts for which they had been 
convicted in the United King- 
dom. and on their role in the 
escape from the Maze prison, 
to ascertain whether they are 
to be considered as, political 
delinquents or as criminals. 

McFarlane compared the 
situation in Northern Ireland 
to the German occupation of | 
The Netherlands during the 
Second World War. 

The lawyer for the two men, 
Mr Willem van Bennekom. 
has described the proceedings 
as a test case, which is being- 
followed closely in other coun- 
tries. The court's ruling is not 
expected before next year. 



‘ of Aboriginal rock art found in northern 

to represent a diprotodon, a iMrsupial 
Australia js which has been extinct for 6,000 

» be IftOOO ye*s okL~ J 



A/MCCMn 
Election triumph for a Kennedy 


MrsTKathleen Kennedy Townsend, a daughter 
of the late Robot Kennedy, gives a thumbs-up 
sign, watched by her proud husband and 
children, Kate, aged two, and Meshan, aged 
eight, after wuming a primary election in 
Maryland. She will now be the Democratic 
candidate for the House of Representatives in a 
suburb of Baltimore (Michael Bin yon writes 
from Washington). 

-Her victory, with 82 per cent of the vote, is a 
considerable achievement, as sbe was trailing 
behind two other Democratic aspirants. One of 
her main rampntgn themes was the need to 
improve conditions for working married cou- 
ples with children. 

She campaigned under her married name, 
though the name Kennedy also appeared on the 


ballot form- Meanwhile her brother, Joseph 
Kennedy II, is the favourite to win the primary 
next week for a key Democratic seat in Boston. 
Mr Kennedy, aged 33, the heir to a political 
legacy in the dty, is campaigning for the seat 
that has been held for the past 34 years by Mr 
Thomas ‘Tip* O'Neill, the Democratic 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, who 
is retiring. 

A dozen Democrats initially entered the 
race. Five have since dropped out, but spending 
by Democrats alone is approaching S3 million 
(£2 million), breaking Massachusetts records 
and making the election one of the most 
expensive in the history of the House. Mr 
Kennedy has outspent his nearest rival by a 
margin of two to one. 


EEC draft budget 
cuts overseas aid 
to save farm cash 

From Jonathan Braude* Strasbourg 
Development aid, food aid. Parliament not to exercise its 
spending on transport and right to increase inc toiai 
funds for 


on transport and 
for agricultural infra- 
structure improvements were 
all cut in the first draft of the 
European Community's 1987 
budget. 

The draft was drawn up by 
budget ministers early on 
Tuesday as they attempted to 
safeguard fends for spending 
on form support. 

However, spending was in- 
creased on education, energy 
programmes and regional 
grants. 

Mr Henning Christoph- 
ersen. the EEC Budget Comm- 
issioner, immediately called 
on the Parliament to reverse 
the cuts in development aid 
because of what he called 
Europe's “moral and political 
obligation” to the developing 
world. 

He said the budget min- 
isters had cut aid to develop- 
ing countries by £76 million 
compared wth 1986. and by 
£138 million compared with 
the proposals by the European 
Commission earlier this year. 

But Mr Peter Brooke. Min- 
ister of Suie at the Treasury, 
who chairs the budget min- 
isters during Britain's six- 
month presidency or the 
Common Market, told the 
European Parliament in Stras- 
bourg yesterday: “I am de- 
lighted that education expen- 
diture is up. and research up 
by 15 percent." 

He called on the European 


budget by nearly £240 million, 
in an attempt to reverse some 
of the savings made by 
ministers. 

He called on MEPs to enter 
into a “reasoned dialogue 
with ministers in discussing 
the cuts. 

• Milk curbs: Tough new 
measures to curb European 
milk production were pro- 
posed by the European 

Commission in Strasbourg 
yesterday, as milk output 
soared to more than one 
million tonnes above the of- 
ficial quota and butter stores 
topped 1.4 million tonnes. 

The proposals, yet to be 
endorsed by EEC agriculture 
ministers, call for special pow- 
ers lo halt purchases of butter 
and milk powder slocks into 
EEC stores in unspecified 
"exceptional circumstances”, 
and would cut surplus milk 
production by up to three 
million tonnes a year. 

The new proposals would 
end the loophole which allows 
farmers in one region to 
balance surplus output against 
under-production elsewhere 
to reduce the punitive “super- 
levy” on over-producers. 

Last year over-production 
in England and Wales in 1985 
was balanced against short- 
falls in Scotland, so that 
English farmers paid no more 
than a token levy. 

Pima power, page 12 




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YEB carried out detailed tests before recommending 
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OVERSEAS NEWS _ 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1986 




Pro-government parade in Santiago rivalled by lightning opposition protests 

Repression and 
fear preside m 
over Pinochet I 



anniversary 

FVom Lake Sagaris, Santiago 



President Pinochet of Chile 
today is celebrating . in an 
atmosphere of growing re- 
pression and fear the thir- 
teenth anniversary of the 
military coup that brought 
him to power. 

The ambush of the presi- 
dential convoy on Sunday was 
followed by. the declaration of 
a state of siege, the round-up 
of left-wing opposition leaders 
and the banning of all oppo- 
sition weeklies, along with the 
Reuters news agency. 

Yesterday the military 
authorities also suspended the 
Italian news agency. Ansa, for 
transmitting “false and 
contentious news with respect 
to the armed forces". 

Wjthin 4g hours, three of 
those originally said to have 
been arrested were discovered 
shot dead in different parts of 
Santiago, leading to specula- 
tion that an El SaJvador-style 
death squad was applying a 
policy of an eye for an eye. 

Five members of President 
Pinochet's . personal body- 


guard were killed in the am- 
bush. 

Those killed after their ar- 
rest were Sehor Jos£ Carrasco, 
foreign editor of the Chilean 
magazine, AndlisiSi a primary 
schoolteacher, Seflor Gaston 
Vidauirazaga, who was the 
son of a civil court judge; and 
an electrician, Seflor Felipe 
Rivera. 

By yesterday morning writs 
of habeas corpus on behalf of 
more than 60 people under 
arrest or in danger of arrest 
had been filed with the courts. 

Among those applying for 
protection are the leaders of 
Chile's Human Rights Com- 
mission, several of whom 
have had their homes 
searched. 

On Tuesday evening; as 
thousands of supporters of 
President Pinochet paraded 
along Santiago's main street, 
27 exiles trying to enter the 
country were turned back at 
the airport. 

The carefully planned 
much was preceded by a huge, 
advertising campaign in all 


mm 

a® 

Jm 


it!- v .• 

0 tm " '■ ,Jm m 


mmm 




President Pinochet, left, acknowledging the cheers of the crowd at a rally in Santiago, while his supporters strain against police lines to get a better view 

daily newspapers and on tele- tendance was mandatory for demonstrations, lightning nuel Rodriguez Patriotic 1 *wt 

■ w i*h del legations all public service employees, anti-government protests took Front 'said his organization rTTOtCSl. DY 

authorities Anti-government demon- * place at the same time as the was responsible for the attack _ mm" 

rrom ail over Chile. strations at several univer- pro-Pinochet parade. ' on President Pinochet the WTlQfllGn 

..Nevertheless, with . about sides .were suppressed by The wife of the Christian -fastof its kind in the hiitoiy OUmliSU 
40,000 participants, n was police and troops, who waved Democrat leader, Senor ofCnik- • ^ l _ 

s jatswaffstej? journalists 


Iff";: . 

WMi" . 







Rodrigui 
said his 


ez Patriotic 
s organization 


daily newspapers and on tele- 
vision, ' with delegations 
brought in by the authorities 
from all over Chile. 

Nevertheless, with about 
40,000 participants, it was 
considerably smaller than a 
similar effort in 1983, and 
smaller than several oppo- 
sition demonstrations. 

Residents of some large 
urban slums are reported to 
have been paid to attend the 
pro-government march. At- 


tendance was mandatory for demonstrations, lightning 
all public service employees, anti-government protests took 
Anti-government demon-* place at the same tinr -’ 
strations at several univer- pro-Pinochet parade, 
si ties . were suppressed by The wife of the C 
police and troops, who waved Democrat leader, 
their guns menacingly and, in Andris Zaldivar, i 
at least one case, feed at the that afterwards a m 
students. arrived in about < 

In spite of the heavily attacked their home, 
armed soldiers throughout the t “ ar daughter, 
city and the usual array of Patricio Manns, a 


•wh > w iuuviu vimw twn t luub, paiu mij pigauunuvu 

place at the same time as the was responsible for the attack 


pro-Pinochet parade. 

The wife of the Christian 
Democrat leader, Senor 
Andris Zaldivar, reported, 
that afterwards a moo who 
arrived in about 40 cars 
attacked their home, injuring 
their daughter. 

Patricio Manns, a popular 


j ********* A UUIklV (TUUUU) 

water cannon and armoured Chilean songwriter and of- 
cars used in suppressing ficial spokesman for the Mia- 


on President Pinochet, the 
-first of its kind in the history 
of Chile. 

The British Ambassador in 
Santiago, Mr John Hickman, 
condemned the attack on 
President Pinochet and ex- 
pressed the hope that the 
imposition of the state of siege 
would not slow the return to 
democratic rule. 







going 

to market 


c. \ FULL 
■aO<o*o ^ \ BANKING 
\ SERVICES 

1 


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^StJRUSTS | MORTGAGES I 5S 


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Til 


Draft be the one who stays at home. 


The TSB was nevei; in feet, a piggy bank. 

• But once upon a time it was a dergyman’s three- 
lock strong-box. In Dumfriesshire in 1810. 

Since then, if S grown mtrt a major hanVmg y*qrj , 
financial services group with neaiiy 1600 branches all 
over Great Britain. (A litfle of the group's anatomy is 
outlined above.) , - .... 

TSB shares are now being ofered for sale to the 
public. The proceeds will help the TSB Group to 
strengthen and develop its services stDl further 
We hope you'll consider the offer most carefully, 
four minimum investment will be about £400 
(unless you’re a TSB bank customer who'sregistered 
priority), ‘four investment will be payable in two 
instalments: about half now and the balance in about 
12 months' time. 

Be sure to have your money ready, because you’ll 
only have 10 days to apply: from September 15th until 


not one second later than 10am on September 24th. 

. lb get a prospectus and application form (without 
obligation, of course) call at any TSB branch or phone 
0272300300. 



Now ifs your turn to say yes. 


i, on behalf of the Hustee Savings Banks Cesmal Board. 



Senor Jose Carrasco, above, 
foreign editor of the Chilean 
magazine Andlixis, who was 
found shot dead at a Santiago 
cemetery after being arrested 
on Monday by men who said 
they were police. 

The president of the Span- 
ish Union of Journalists, Se- 
flor Luis Apostmu handed a 
protest note to the Chilean 
Embassy in Madrid yesterday, 
railing Seflor Carrasco's death 
“a further example of the total 
disdain shown towards human 
rights in Chile" and critidring 
die regime's “repressive, ar- 
bitrary and indiscriminate 
measures' 1 


Wellington 
refuses to 
release 
US papers 

Wellington (Reuter) - New 
Zealand has refused to release 
diplomatic papers on its anti- 
nuclear row with me _ us, 
saying they are too sensitive. 

Mr Frank O’Flynn, the 
Defence Minister, told Par- 
liament the documents dealt 
with “sensitive issues of inter- 
national relations’* and in- 
cluded papers from 
Washington which New Zea- 
land had no power to make 
public. 

France cuts 
the cackle 

Paris -From October 1. a 
local telephone call win only 
last six minutes during peak 
hours instead of the present 20 
minutes, though up to 15 
minutes will be allowed dur- 
ing off-peak periods (Diana 
Geddes writes). . ^ 

At the same time, the cost 
per unit is to be cut from 77 to 
74 centimes (7Vhp>. 

Train delays 

Vienna - All international 
trains between Salzburg and 
Vienna were delayed yes- 
terday when all 31 carriages of 
a goods train travelling from 
Hungary to Belgium were 
derailed near Steindorf in 
western Austria. Delays will 
continue for two days. 

Eastern pact 

Peking (Reuter) — The So- 
viet Union and China signed a 
new consular treaty after talks 
between the Chinese Vice- 
Premier, Mr Yao Yilin. tmd 
the Soviet First Deputy Prime 
Minister, Mr Nikolai Talyzin. 

Escape fails 

Berlin (AP) - Two people 
attempted to crash through an 
East German highway barrier 
to West Beilin with a car, but 
were arrested after guards - 
fired a volley of shots. West 
Berlin police said. 

Fatal fever 

Moscow (Reuter) — A So- 
viet card player from northern - 
Caucasus has been executed 
for murdering his partner’s 
wife and month-old baby 
daughter with an axe in order 
to get more money to continue 
gambling. . 


Iraq threat to raid 
Larak oil terminal 


From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Iraq is now threatening to their coast to the rough waters 
extend the Gulf War down to opposite Hormuz, and to in- 
Iran’s newest oil -loading sta- stall new batteries of ground- 
tion at Larak Island in ad- to-air missiles there to protect 
vance of the expected Iranian their shipping, 
offensive east of the southern Oil is brought down from 
Iraqi city of Basra. the Khaig Island terminal. 

Mr Abdul Jabr Mohsen, which is less than 100 miles 
bead of the political guidance from the front lines and 
department of the Defence frequently under Iraqi air 
Ministry in Baghdad, said that attack, to Larak in a series of 
Iraqi jets would bomb the oil “shuttle” tankers. At Larak it 
tankers which are moored and is transferred at sea to un- 
loading oil at Larak at the chored “mother” ships and 


mouth of the Gulf and just off then pumped onto the super- 
the Iranian naval base at tankers which take the oil to 
Bandar Abbas. Japan and Euroue. 


Warnings from Tehran yes- 
terday that Iran would attack 


Japan and Europe. 

Both sides in the Gulf War 
are now trying to “soften up” 


- . — — ...... WIIVU up 

commercial targets in Iraq if their opponents before the 
the Iraqis continued to use attack which Iran has de- 


poison gas on the front, have 
only added to the profound 
sense of foreboding that both 
Iraq and the Arab Gulf states 


~ . . . _ : — 1 ■» <1 IV. i Utj m c 

are expenencmg m advance of air raids on Iranian economic 


scribed as the “last” offensive 
of the war. Iran’s assaults 
across the mountains of north- 
ern Iraq and Iraq’s increasing 


the Iranian attack. 

Hojatoleslam Hashemi 
Rafsanjani, the Speaker of the 
Iranian Parliament, said on 
Friday that mobilization 
would reach its peak on 
Sunday, six days before the 
sixth anniversary of ibe start 
of the war. 

Iraq's air raid against Sirri 
Island on August 12 forced the 
Iranians to move their loading 
terminal all the way down 

Vienna and 
US mend 
fences 

From Richard Bassett 

Vienna 

.A public relations exercise 
auned at repairing Austro* 
American relations in the 
wake of Dr Kwt Waldheim’s 
election as President went into 
operation yesterday when he 
met a 30-s trong delegation of 
businessmen representing the 
San Francisco Chamber of 
Commerce. 

, meeting which was 
hailed by aides of the Presi- 
dent as proof of America’s 
g 0 *"® Awards Austria, Dr 
Waldheim spoke of the great 
debt Austria owed the US for 
its aid after the devastation of 
the Second Worid War. 

Mr Ronald Lauder, the US 
Ambassador, in an interview 
witn Austrian journalists, con- 

firmed thM the passions which 

Dr Waldheim s wartime activ- 
We *™cht officer in 
the Balkans had aroused were 
a thing of the past 
The storm is behind us.” 
Mr Lauder said. ^ 

.Dr Waldheim's meeting 
with the San Francisco 
businessmen is the first of 
several intended to encourage 
Americans to invest in j 
Austria. * 


targets are forming a natural 
prelude for the offensive. 

They are also likely to grow 
in intensity. Air Marshal 
Hamid Shaaban, the Com- 
mander of the Iraqi Air Force, 
has served warning that future 
bombings will be carried out 
“according to the (sic) plan 
and at the appropriate 
time. . .and will be as im- 
portant as the latest air raids 
(on Sim).” 

Labourers’ 
leader 
avoids jail 

From A Correspondent 
Madrid 

A coart in Mor6a de la 
front era, southern Spain, has 
suspended a month-aud-a-day 
passed on 


. — lauonxers 

organization, for occopins a 
k™ m Andalusia in 1984? 

jawr Canamero, who was 
JjSt a rally in Madrid 
yesterday, described the de- 

J£ ®“PPOrters have 

» . pwtoj, 600 


in i*-j «*en part 

occupation. 

He also wants the Socialist 

JJSranan reform in Andalusia 
to S SCW? 1 one ®PtoynienL 
ww s^tonce 

tKa* fc??"** 1 0n condition 

^flumoccupaanfor^o 
he ui 200 

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THE TIMES THURSDAY S£PXEivl£iEiv i 1 1>6& 


France announces first 
three companies in 
£30bn state sell-off 


The massive denationaliza- 
tion programme of the French 
Government, involving 65 
banks, insurance companies 
and industrial groups, got 
under way yesterday with the 
official announcement of the 
first three - candidates for 
privatization. 

The total value of the com- 
panies, representing 800,000 
employees, -has been put at 
anything between £20 billion 
and £30 billion. 

As expected, the Govern- 
ment Inis chosen successful 
representatives of the three 
main ' categories in its priv- 
atization programme as its 
first candidates. They are: 

• The St Gobain industrial 
group, specializing in gays 
and other building materials; 
149,000 employees, profits 
last year 753 million francs 
(£75 million) on a turnover of . 
67.fi billion francs. 

• The Paribas financial 
group, with 29,000 employees, 
profits last year of 2.7 billion 
fiancs on assets of 551 billion 
francs. 

• The Assurances Generates 
de France (AGF), the second 
biggest French insurance com- 
pany; 1 8,000 employees, prof- 
its last year 1.3 billion fiancs 
on a turnover of 213 billion 
francs. 

Under the privatization law 
passed in great haste by Par- 
liament last July, after Presi- 
dent Mitterrand refused to 
sign the privatization decree, 
total foreign holdings in the 
newly-privatized companies 
will be limited to a maximum 
of 20 per cent, though that 
ceiling , can be lowered by 
decree when national interests 
are deemed to be at stake. 

In addition, the Govern- 
ment plans to use a “special 
share" system, similar to the 
“golden share" used in Brit- 
ain, to block individual hold- 
ings, French or foreign, of 


Tram Diana Geddes, Paris 
more than 10 per dent Bui 
•that arrangement wiD come to 
an end after a maximum of 
five years. 

Foreigners investing in 
companies involved in de- 
fence. public order or health 
must get government ap- 
proval for any individual 
holding of more than 5 per 
cent. 

. To encourage worker part- 
icipation, 1 0 per cent of shares 
wifi, be offered for .sale to 
employees of the- companies 
to be privatized. Some kind of 
preferential rates or other 
special deal will almost cer- 
tainly be involved, though 
how this mil be done has stiU 
to be decided. 

- It has also not yet been 
decided whether the com- 



M Mitterrand: fears sale of 
national heritage. 

panics will be denationalized 
100 per cent, or whe ther the 
Government will retain a 
minority share. 

The Government now plans 
a>big publicity campaign to 
launch its privatization pro- 
gramme and to encourage 
share ownership. At one time 
there were fears that so many 
companies coming up for 
privatization over such a.rd- 


Uganda assembles anti-rebel force 

m \ ' X7 «. . amiKmsfi raid on Gala, 


Kamp ala (Reuter) — Four 
thousand men have been 
assembled in the northern 
town of Gnlu fry Uganda’s 
National Resistance Army 
(NRA) for an offensive against 
rebels who control major 
roads, travellers from the 
north said yesterday. 


between Gnln, scene of a rebd 
attack on Anfpst 20, Kitgum 
to the east and Moya and Aina 
to the west. 

It said the rebels, described 
by the Government as rem- 
nants of foe disbanded Uga- 
nda National liberation Army 


independent Ka pala news- ™ , 

paper, said the rebels had set President Masevew raid foe 
up posts along the main routes rebels lost 50 men killed m the 



ativciy short time might de- 
press the market, but it now 
looks as though there is plenty 
of m oney around. 

The next step, is for the 
Government ^ to deride which 
of Ihb first three candidates 
will lie privatized first. It is 
onlikitfy that it will try to float 
all three at once. 

The i chosen company wffl 
then be valued by auditors 

and an estimated market price 
put os rt by a merchant bank,, 
before tjie proposed sale (nice 
is examined by a special ind- 
ependent seven-man comm- 
ission. The Government has 
promised that no company 
will be ^mt on the market at 
bdow its estimated real value. 

On the other hand, it is very 
anxious \ for the first pn- 
.vatizatimis to be semi to be 
su c ces sfu l and win therefore 
inevitably- want to sell them at 
some slight discount without, 
however, running the risk of 
being accu sed “selling off the 
national hjaitage for a song", 
as President Mitterrand has 
suggested , the Government 
might do. 

Even afusr the present de- 
nationalization programme, 
France win still have one of 
the hugest pi ibiic sectors in the 
Western world, including such 
important in dustrial concerns 
as Renault, Air France, the 
Aerospatiale iaeronautics com- 
pany and die CDF-Oumie 
chemicals group, as well as all 
the public ntil ities. 

The present right-wing co- 
alition has committed itself in 
the long term to privatizing all 
companies in the public sec- 
tor, and some Ate now urpng 
that the public utilities should 
be included too;. The next few 
years will provide a good test 
of the right’s- professed 
commitment to liberalizing : 
the economy and to ridding it j 
of a long traditi on of central- 
government interference. 






Mis Arum Hauptmann, widow of Richard Hauptmann , 
executed in 1936 for foe murder of foe baby son of the avia- 
tion pioneer, Charles Lindbergh, awnonnring flat sbe is 
neritinnhut the New Jersey leeislatnre to dear his name. 


£40m suit S Korean 
over air minister 
collision in Tokyo 


unsuccessful raid on Gain, 
their most daring since the 
NRA took power; m Kampala 
hist January. 

Rebel attacks da passenger 
trains have halted railway 
traffic between Kampala and 
the ■ottfe-easterm town of 
Pakwach. 1 
. The Fakwach tine passes 
through Gain and foe AchoU 
territory, heartland of UNLA 
opposition to Mr MlnsevenL 


Los Angeles (Reuter) — 
'Lawsuits were filed yesterday 
seeking S60 million (£403 
million) in damag es for the 
relatives of five of the es- 
timated 90 people who died in 
an air collision over the Los 
Angeles suburb of Cerritos. 

Lawyers filed a Superior 
Court suit seeking $40 million ; 
in damages for Mrs Belhzaida 
Gutierrez, whose husband. 
Hector, died in the collision. 

The suit was filed against 
the airline, The estate of the 
small plane's pilot and two 
radar and electronic tracking 
systems manufacturers and 
distributors. 

They also filed a-daim 
ag ainst the Government for 
$20 million, alleging that it 
should have provided safer 
flight rules and radar. 


From A Correspondent 
Tokyo 

The South Korean Foreign 
Minister, Mr Choi Kwang 
Soo, arrived in Tokyo yes- 
terday for talks with his ' 
Japanese counterpart, Mr i 
Tadashi Kuranari, which gov- i 
eminent sources said might 
not sweeten the bitterness 
caused by the remarks of the 
Japanese Education Minister, 
Mr Masayuki Fujio, for which 
he was dismissed this week. 

Mr Fujio seriously offended 
the South Koreans "by suggest- 
ing that the Japanese occupied 
Korea in 1910 with the 
complicity of the Koreans. 

The sources said the foreign 
ministers’ first meeting was 
not a happy one. Their talks 
continue today. 




Military 
pledges 
loyalty to 
Aquino 

From Keith Dalton 
Manila 

President Aquino of the 
Philippines, buoyed by a 
pledge of loyalty and support 
from foe military high com- 
mand, yesterday presided over 
foe first National Security 
Council meeting, called to 
resolve Cabinet sqnaMffiag 
over stalled pe ace talks with 
Communist rebels. 

A “statement of consensus", 
signed by all 69 generals in the 

armed forces, pledged “to 
supp or t fully, to remain con- 
stantly under, and to respond 
faithf ully to (foe) cmCan 
authority" of the six-month- 
old Aquino Government. 

The statement, described as 
unprecedented by Manila 
newspapers, was released a 
day after a rare meeting at 
military bend quartets, ted by 
foe armed forces chief. Gen- 
eral Fidel Ramos, and foe four 
service commanders. 

Its release appears to have 
been prompted % speculation 
about military loyalty in view 
of a fend between Mr Jnan 
Ponce Enrik, the Defence 
Minis ter, and several Cabinet 
members over Mrs Aquino's 
handling of peace talks. 

ThesJx-ffiseniter cornual was 
summoned hastily to resolve 
the “public squabbling and 
name-calling", Vice-President 
Salvador Laurel said. 

The loyalty pledge was 
made public hours before the 
council meeting, apparently to 
“dear the air" on where foe 
armed forces stood, the Ma- 
nila Journal reported. 

“The new armed forces of 
foe Phflippiues remain, as it 
has always been, an integral 
part of the Government, 
regardless of what its detrac- 
tors say," the statement stud. 

• Holidays abolished: Two 
public holidays closely identi- 
fied with Mr Ferdinand Mar- 
cos, the deposed President, 
have been revoked (Renter 


Britain to join ‘30% Club’ 

Call for further air 
pollution curbs 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 
On the eve of an expected acid ram, most of ii 
announcement by Mre Mar- ™ “* 

garet Thatcher that Britain N ° nh J“ foe 

would be cutting sulphur Another member ot 
emissions by 30 per cent, an British delegation, Sh" Hugh 
faMtaSi inference on Rossi. Conserve jve MF 'Jx 
air polution here called yes- Hornsey and Wood Green, 
lerday for still further reduc- who is chairman ofthcHou^ 
lions by the end of the 1990s. ofCommonssdectcomm.tw 
The conference was attended op the ^ronmeui usmdthat 
by representatives of 16 coun- since \ 970 sulphuremisaons 

It also called for action to coal to natural gas. ““version 
mrh nit mem nvide emissions. to nuclear power arid the run 


emEuroDe reduced ny uie swuen rr 

It also called for action to coal to natural gas, conversion i 
curb nitrogen oxide emissions, to nuclear 

principally from car exhausts, down of some ncan ■*. 
a form of air pollution that has industries. . . ■ 

until now attracted less atten- Heesumaied that jmning 
lion than sulphur, which gives the 30 per cent club would v „ 

rise to the so-called add rain involve Bmain '” a ^i < 55j A 
effect. emission cut of 8-9 per cent „ 

A last-minute change of airf would cost fHO miUtoru . ^ 
heart by foe Soviet Union, in - 


austnes. . . . 

He estimated that joining 
e “30 per cent dub" would 


withdrawing its previous in- 
sistence on the inclusion in the 
conference's final resolution 
of the need to prevent nuclear 
war and promote peace, al- 


introduction of sulphur filtra- 
tion equipment at three power 
stations. _ . . 

He pointed out that Britain 
was ahead of many other 


war aw uiuiuulg ~ . — - . 

lowed the conference to bring countries m meeungfoc 
- , j .. - .l.r. “bmi- nitmeen oxide threat. 


September 11, Mr Marcos's 
birthday, was celebrated as 
Village Day. September 21 
was foe date he imposed 
martial law in 1972, known as 1 
National Thanksgiving Day. : 
• Suspect kflls soldier A 
suspected member of a Gom- 
nmnist assassination squad 
escaped yesterday after shoot- 
ing dead one soldier and 
seriously wounding another 
outside Defence Ministry 
headquarters in Manila* 
where he was being taken for 
questioning (Renter reports). 


its three-day meeting to a close 
unexpectedly early yesterday. 

Mr Richard Alexander. 
Conservative MP for Newark, 
who led the three-man British 
delegation, said he would be 
reporting the conference's 


“new” nitrogen oxide threat, 
with recent decisions by Ford 
and Rover to build lean-burn 
cars, which have engines 
operating at lower tem- 
peratures and thereby cut 
nitrogen oxide and hydro- 


findings to foe Government as carbon pollution 


soon as he returned to Lon- 
don, and before Mrs Thatcher 
leaves for her visit to Norway. 

In Oslo, sbe is expected to 
announce lhasi Britain is join- 
ing the so-called “30 per cent 
club". There has been increas- 
ing bitterness in the Nordic 
area over Britain's unwilling- 
ness to join. 

Fish and plant life in thou- 
sands oftakes and rivers in the 
area has been wiped out by 


Sir Hugh said Nordic 
annoyance with Britain over 
acid rain was understandable 
and highly regrettable in its 
effect on previously excellent 
relations with Norway, but he 
pointed out that with foe 
Clean Air Acts of 1 95b, which 
eradicated smog in London 
and cleaned up many other 
British cities, the country had 
led the way in curbing air 
pollution. 


Syria to hold first mass 
vaccination campaign 


Damascus (Reuter) — Syria 
will launch the Arab world's 
first nationwide vaccination 
campaign this week to protect 
more than one million chil- 
dren against six diseases. Syr- 
ian Health Ministry officials 
said. 

Statistics compiled by the 
UN Children's Fund (Unicef) 
show that about 5,000 Syrian 
children aged under five die 
each year of polio, measles, 
whooping cough, tuberculosis, 
diphtheria or tetanus. These 
diseases accountfor about 13 
per cent of deaths in their age^ 
group. 

The director of Unicef, Mr 


James Grant, and the presi- 
dent of the Arabian Gulf 
Fund, Prince Tala! of Saudi 
Arabia, will attend the official 
start of the campaign. 

Unicef will supply refrigera- 
tion equipment worth $2 mil- 
lion (£1.3 million), and the 
Fund will provide Si million a 
year. The World Health 
Organization is also helping. 

A Unicef official said that 
the campaign, the total cost of 
which might reach $20 mil- 
lion, aims to increase the 
. number of immunized infants 
aged under one from 30 per 
cent In 1985 to at least 80 
percent by the end of this year. 


Business Pages. 

One good book 
you wOfVt lose yourself in 


rf;! 

.mil*? 


Here's a business directory 
that's a little noveLtt actually works. 

Business Pages has been care- 
fully designed to solve business 
problems* not create them. 

For example; when you know 
the name of a company, but not 
the address and telephone number, 
you'll find the information under 
alphabetical listings. 


v r*'. w '>•;>• v : v >• 





> YORKSHIRE AND 
l NORTH EAST 


O \ 


WEST PENNINE}., 



BRISTOL AND. 
SOOTH WALES 


LONDON 


CENTRAL 

SOUTHERN 


' ft's also published in seven 
convenient geographical editions. 
Each relates to one of the major 
industrial/commiercial centres in 
Britain. 

If you're baeed in one of these 
areas* every yearwe'll send you your 
first local copy free (unlike most of 
our competitors^- 

Business Pages also has an ' 
identical index front and bade So 
whichever end ofthe book you 


srfBf-.--;,* a8r“#i! 


... ■SJjff g T’-rr fr * = ‘ 




s— as* . • .» 






start, you'll find what you're look- 
ing for. 

And to save you even more 
tima there's a useful 14 sector 
format (Under 'Metals and Engin- 
eering' for example, you'll find 

everything from jigs, to saws.) 

So take a doser toofc at 
Business Pages. You'll find it has 
simplicity written all over it 


TELECOM Forfurther 


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10 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1986 


SPECTRUM 


A Cromwell for the pure blue army 


PROFILE 




SOPHY! BIOGRAPHY 


T he Deputy Chief Con- 
stable of Greater Man- 
chester, John Stalker, 
has been at the centre of 
a long, public and often, 
bitter controversy. He has been 
withdrawn from a key inquiry in 
Ulster, accused of mixing with 
criminals, suspended and finally 
reinstated. After all of that, it is a 
remarkable fact that Stalker is 
merely the second most 
controversial policeman in 
Manchester. 

The number one position, in 
several senses of the term, belongs 
to his boss. Cyril James Anderton. 
In his 10 years as chief constable, 
Anderton has acquired a fame — 
or notoriety, depending on your 
point of view — that has tran- 
scended the physical boundaries 
of his "patch”, the largest provin- 
cial police force in England. He is 
among Britain's best-known 
"coppers” a man who has deter- 
minedly lived up to the controver- 
sial tag applied to him from the 
outside by the headline writers oi 
the more popular dailies. 

In the last decade he has courted 
and skilftjlly used the media to 
expound his views, jumping un- 
hesitatingly with both regulation 
boots into politically sensitive 
areas where other chief constables 
fear to tread. In the process he has 
endeared himself to many, made 
more enemies than most men 
would wish and continually infuri- 
ated the left with his condemna- 
tion of them --as "tfie enemy 
within". 

The one great disappointment- • 
for him has been his failure to 
secure the appointment as 
Commissioner of the Metropoli- 
tan Police, a post for which he bad 
been widely tipped, first in succes- 
sion to Sir Robert Mark in 1977 
and then to Sir David McNee in 
19S2. He lost out on both occa- 


sions. Those close to him in the 
force believe be foiled on two 
counts: by openly, but perhaps 
unwisely, proclaiming his am- 
bitions, and because of unease 
within the Home Office that, with 
his high profile and un- 
compromising attitude, Anderton 
in New Scotland Yard would 
simply be too dose for comfort 

Tomorrow, he gets a national 
platform when he assumes the 
presidency of the Association oi 
Chief Police Officers, the "union” 
of more than 250 of the most 
senior police officers in England, 
Wales and Northern Ireland. This 
will give him the Government’s 
ear. which be will undoubtedly 
bend in an attempt to ensure dial 
the police are given the role and 
resources he believes they deserve 
and need. 

Yet even his appointment to 
this post — one that members of 
the association occupy in turn - 
has-been tinged by controversy, 
arising from the Stalker affair . The 
questions surra on ding Anderton’s 
role in and handling of an episode 
damaging to force morale, and 
perhaps also to his own standing 
with his men, is a lingering 
unpleasantness, l ad in g his local 
evening newspaper to question 
whether, because of it he should 
'have tfaerACPO. presidency. - - - 

Theone thing on which bofohis 
critics and admirers agree is that- 
Anderton is not a man easily 
ignored. He stands around 6ft 2in 
and weighs some IS stone, 
depending on the- success- or 
otherwise of his current diet His 
dark hair is dramatically slicked 
back and the thick black beard 
surges over the ever-crisp white 
shirt of his uniform. He • is a 
complex individual who sees no 
reason why he cannot instil his 
Methodist-inspired Christianity 
into day-to-day policing. One 


DERTONON 
OLENCE: Wretched 
often dera who lake the fullest 
advantage of every meek re- 
sponse to their abominable con- 
tact. should be arrested, 
convicted and placed in penal 
jwork camps where, through 
hard labour and unrelenting disci- 
' iline, they should be made to 
eat as they have never sweated 

Jore and remain until their 

iolenee has been vanquished by 
penitent humiliation. 

ON DO-GOODERS: There 
are too many dabblers, meddlers 
and day-dreamers and not 
enough decision makers and law 
enforcers. 

ON LAWYERS: I suspect that 
some lawyers belong to a society 
for the prevention of the 
conviction of the guilty. 

ON DEMOCRACY: It will in- 
evitably come to pass in all states 
dinging on to democracy that 
the survival of their ideals will 
increasingly depend upon the 
ability of the police alone to hold 
the rise in terrorism, serious 
crime and public disorder against 
which an uncompromising 
deterrent will be needed. 


1932: Bom Wigan. May24^ 

Education: St MattndW s 
Church School. Wigan 
Grammar School; 
certificate of 

criminology. Manchester 
University _ 

1950: Served with the Corps 
of Royal Military Police 
1953: Joined Manchester City 
Police, rising to Cntef 
inspector 

1S5& Married Joan Baron 
1967: Appointed Chief 

Superintendent. Cheshire 
1968: Becomes Assistant 

Chief Constable. Leicester 
and Rutland 
Constabulary 

1972: Appointed to the Home 
Office in London as 
assistant to HM Chief 
inspector of Constabulary 
for England and Wales 
1975: Becomes Deputy Chief 
Constable, Leicester 
Constabulary: later 

Deputy Chief Constable, 
Greater Manchester 
Police 

1976: Appointed Chief 
Constable. Greater 
Manchester Police 
1977: Awarded Queen's 
Police Medal 
1982: Awarded CBE 


The policeman as onsaden James Anderton, d efender nf die faith, of e xtremes ri g* 1 * l e ft 


senior colleague, asked to explain 
Anderton's basic approach to 
policing, reflected: "The boss is a * 
great believer in the common 
sense of the public, but he is not a 
great believer in foe common 
sense of politicians.” 

He -abhors political extremism, 
whether ft be of the left or the • 
right, but it is the left that has been 
'hjs beie notr since he moved into 
his office on the eleventh floor of 
the Greater Manchester police 
headquarters. 

He has wanted of “the enemies ' 
in- our. midst” and spoken oi 
himself and other chief constables 
as foe saviours of society if it all 
goes wrong and the police were to 
be the -last line of defence in 
preventing a complete breakdown 
of law and order. All this has 
earned him the wrath of left-wing 
politicians, both locally and na- 


tionally. He' has been refer re d to in 
the House of Lords as “that 
unspeakable Chief Constable” 
and, also iii the Commons, been 
accused of regarding himself 
above the law and being “prepared 
to say outrageous thing s to make 
himself attractive to a television 
audience”. 

- He is' said to be hurt by 
criticism, yet he lay himself open 
to it The views be readily and 
regularly offers up on television 
supply ammunition for those 
gunning for him. In an interview 
with the playwright John Morti- 
mer, for instance, be explained ftis 
steadfast belief in reincarnation. ' 
Asked who he may have been in a 
previous life, he replied: “Oliver 
CromwelL” Interviewed by Terry 
Waite, he said that he believed he 
was Chief Constable because it 
was God's wilL 


The dashes with his (jabour- 
con trolled police authority have 
been numerous and bitter; in the 
■word of a colleague he became 
"obsessive” about bis battfles with 
one former chairman, Mrs 
Gabrielle Cox. Even in public be 
made little attempt to dis guise his 
animosity. One official with foe 
Manchester city council police 
monitoring unit says: “The trou- 
ble is that Anderton regards even 
the most mild criticism as ev- 
idence of some plot to iisurp his 
authority. He cannot brook any- 
one disagreeing with ?him. He 
takes the attitude that* he knows 
what is best for foe public.” ’ 
Although not renowned for 
cracking jokes, be can foe witty in 
conversation and has; a habit o! 
noting down anecdotes and funny 
stories in a little silver-£dged blade 
pocket book for later,’ use in his 


many speeches. He is a member or 
patron of some 30 organizations, 
among them the British College of 
Accordionists, of which he is 
president, although he cannot j>la> 
the instrument He enjoys singing. 
Glenfiddich with Perrier, feu 
walking, gardening and tinkering 
aroundbn jobs at home. He and 
his wife, Joan, who have one 
daughter, own a cottage retreat in 
the Lake District where he dresses 
in jeans and a sweater and will 
happily indulge in do-it-yourself 

H owever, the image of 
Anderton singing 
along in his rich bari- 
tone to a favourite 
Pavarotti track while 
tacking up a few shelves in his 
cottage is not one that sits easily 
with foe left's portrayal of him as a 
fire-breathing. Bible-thumping 
authoritarian and a threat to dvu 
liberty. 

He is a man of humble begin- 
nings, born in May 1932 in a two- 
up, two-down cottage in Wigan, 
with stone-flagged floors and an 
outside lavatory shared by 
neighbouring families. 

His father was a miner, bis 
mother worked in the local fac- 
tory. Politics were staunchly La- 
bour, religion was a mixture of 
Methodism and Church of En- 
gland. He is intensely proud of his 
background and was for many 
years a Methodist lay preacher, 
although there is now a persistent 
rumour that suggests be is on the 
brink of a conversion to 
Catholicism. 

Anderton won a scholarship, to 
the local grammar school, toyed 
with foe idea of entering the 


ministry, but eventually joined the 
Military Police. After this Army 
service, aged 21. he joined the old 
Citv of Manchester police force as 
Constable DBlBy the age of 25 he 
was a Chief Inspector and then, 
remarkably, jumped straight to 
the rank of Chief Superintendent 
in the neighbouring Cheshire 
force. By 1975 he was Deputy 
Chief Constable of Greater Man- 
chester and the following year was 
appointed Chief Constable, at the 
age of 44 the youngest in the 
country. 

He cracked down on pornog- 
raphy. argued with local poli- 
ticians on foe critical issue of 
accountability, clashed with na- 
tional figures whom he accused of 
foiling to provide what they had 
promised to sustain the police, 
and demanded tougher sentences. 
He earned the respect of the 7,000 
officers under his command by his 
high-profile leadership in 
confrontations with the National 
From and then with rioters in 
Moss Side in the steamy, trouble- 
some summer of 1 981 . 

It is acknowledged that the Met 
job will not now come his way and 
thati after his year as president of 
the ACPO and a further year as 
past president, he may well retire 
and' write his memoirs. Before 
that however, foe coming year 
will not be a comfortable one for 
those who find themselves in 
Anderton's sights, and in the run- 
up to a general election he is 
bound to provide fuel for the law- 
and-order debate, both for his 
supporters and his detractors. 

Peter Davenport 


Tomorrow 

Sanctions and 
South Africa: 
could Pretoria 
beat a blockade? 



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The. latest production by 
Goldcrest Films, The Mission, 
an award-winning and* 
controversial Latin-American 
historical epic, goes on inter- 
national release this autumn. 

But for producer David 
Puttnam and director Roland 
Joffe its most important world 
premieres will not be held in 
London or New York, but 
before a tribe of backward 
indians in the dense Colom- 
bian jungles of Burujon. 
Pangala, Togoroma, and 
Papayo. 

The Mission proved a rather 
polemical choice as winner oi 
the prestigious Golden Palm 
award at this year’s Cannes 
film festival where it pre- 
viewed to a mixture of critical 
acclaim, hostility and yawns. 

Goldcrest. however, re- 
mains for more concerned 
about how it will play in 
Burujpn. Pangala, Togorama 
and Papayo before audiences 
totalling bttle more than 2,000 
which, nevertheless, will make 
it an instant all-time local box 
office hit The motion picture, 
like so many other manifesta- 
tions of 20th century life, has 
□ever before penetrated theft 
blissful isolation. 

These are the four main 
encampments of the 
Guaunana tribe of Indians on 
foe gentle banks of the San 
Juan river deep in the jungles 
of 0 Choco. the Colombian 
department which, reaching 
up to the southern frontier oi 
Panama, links South America 
with the Central American 
isthmus. 

Robert de Niro. Jeremy 
Irons and Cherie Lunghi top 
foe cast credits of The Mis- 
sion, but Puttnam and Jofte 
have always insisted that its 
real stars would. prove to be 
foe 350 men, women and 
children they plucked from 
the Guaunana tribe and hired 
as bit players and extras, an 
act akin to spiriting an equal 
number of Londoners from 
Oxford Street and whisking 
them to foe moon. 

The Guaunanas were to be 
transported lights years in 
time if not distance to fulfil 
their mission for Goldcrest. 

Although made in Colom- 
bia. the film is set in 18th . 
century Paraguay, with the 
Guaunanas cast as the Gua- 
rani indians of that country 
and Cartagena, the historic 
port-city of the Spanish 
conquistadores on Colombia's 
Caribbean-Atlantic coast, 
doubling for Asuncion, the 
Paraguayan capitaL 

Robert Bolt's screenplay is 


Mission almost 
impossible 

How a British film company turned a 
tribe of 350 South American natives 
into stars. Geoffrey Matthews reports {££ 



Actor Jeremy Irons: Iris co-stars faced a culture shock 


based on the real events of a 
dash between Spanish and 
Portuguese colonialists on one 
side and Jesuit missionaries 
determined to save the indig- 
enous population from brutal 
exploitation on the other. 

At the start of three months' 
filming on location in April 
last year - Puttnam, who is 
moving to the United States, 


The Gnannanas were 
transported lights 
years in time 


wryly described it as the dint 
Eastwoodian version of 
Bechet. 

After foe film’s success at 
Cannes, Joffe sent a message 1 
to the Guaunanas which was 
read at tribal meetings, telling 
foemrWhen we derided to 
work together on this film you 
asked if many people in the 
world would see how beautiful 
the Guaunana community is. 
Well, the answer is yes. 

"Far away, on the other side 
of the ocean, in France, people 
have just seen foe film and are 
foil of admiration for you. . -a 
year has passed since we saw 
each other, but I think of you 
every day. I will return soon to 
show you the film in the hope 
that you will like it” 


That message, the latest of a 
series sent by Goldcrest to the 
tribe, reflects the bond of 
brotherhood which developed 
between the mainly British 
cast and crew and the i ndians, 
who proved natural actors. 

“Often they were perfect in 
the first take”, marvelled 
Puttnam. “I cannot find the 
words to express my admire' 
tion for their sense of 
responsibility and 
dedication." 

Aithough they did not have 
for to travel to work on the 
film, the Guaunanas were in 
many ways even further from 
home than their British 
employers. 

Their pre-Columbian cul- 
ture has survived precisely 
because of their magnificent 
isolation in O Choco, a 
sparsely-populated region of , 
about 20,000 square miles ' 
formed by mountains amj ■ 
dense jungles, with coasts of 
gulden beaches on both the- 
Pacific and Caribbean. There; 
are no roads in El Choco and. 
travel is limited entirely to 
small plane, riverboat, ok 
mule. 1 

The Guaunanas live niudii 
as they did before Columbus 
discovered . the new work}-, 
cultivating their crops and 
fishing in the river, 1 whSe 
maintaining a tightly-knit, in- 


tensely ^affectionate and good-] 
humoured community. 

. Most; of the indians who 
worked for Goldcrest had 
never set foot outside 0 
Choco, let alone experienced 
air travel. But they were 
whisked the 400 miles to 
Cartagena by plane and there 
faced ; a continuous culture 
shock — a sprawling if lovely 
or 600,000 people, motor 
“ife skyscraper holds, tele-: 
ires, television and other 
bewildering elements of , 
“civilized” life, 'not to inen-| 
tion {two baffling foreign lan- 
guages: Spanish in the city , 
English on the film set. 

Tlfey seemed to adjust with- , 
outfil effects due in great pari 
to Gfoldcrest’s efforts to make i 
the amove as painless as pos-J 
sibld. While cast and crew] 
staged at the local Hilton, 
Goldcrest built a village ofi 
but£ in a jungle clearing on the 
outskirts of Cartagena to make I 
tbef indians feel at borne. 

There was a problem at first 
— the camp was infested with 
rate , which were continually 
raiding the food supplies. 
Angry and frustrated, 
Puttnam decided that fumiga- 
tion was the only solution. 

(Alarmed, foe Guaunanas 
counselled against such dras- 
tic action. “I shaft talk to foe'l 
r^ts”. announced their 
witchdoctor who then went off 
to perform some secret rituaL 
ft worked. The rats never 
again touched the food sup- 
plies, although they continued 
to maintain a high profile 
around foe camp. 

Puttnam was so impressed 
that he ventured to inquire 
whether the witchdoctor could 
possibly have a word with the 
mosquitos too, since they were 
{giving the Brits sheer hdL 
;**Talk to the mosquitos? Do 
•you think me mad?” retorted 
‘i the witchdoctor. 

The Guaunanas received 
$80,000 (about £53,300) for 
their work in the film. DeNiro 
was reportedly paid $2m 
(£l.3m). The indians will 
benefit also from a small 
percentage of the film's profits 
which could be considerable 
if as seems likely, it proves a 
big commercial success. 

And Goldcrest has made an 
initial contribution of j 
$250,000 (£166.000) to a fond 
to buy agricultural equipment , 
and to ' finance health and 
educational programmes fori 
the- tribe because, says 
Puttnam. “having worked u>- j 
geiher we now fed a attain 
responsibility for their' fate" 

enbMflMapflpMUilM 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 1051 


1 


ACROSS 

8 Camera light mea- 
surer 18-5} . 

9 British Army rifle 
(1.1.1) 

10 Cromwell cavalry (9) 

11 Haile Selassie culiisi 
(5) 

13 Cyclone (7) 

16 Policemen (7) 

19 Without profits share 

A3) 

22 Hand guns (5.4) - 

24 Chum (3) 

25 Bridal flowers (6.7) 


DOWN 

1 Not as great (6) 

2 Rejects (6) 

5 Electrical measure <4 IS Japanese sash (3) 

6 Artist's workshop (6) 16 Second brightest star 

7 Jail (6) (6) 

12 lnpasx<3) 17 Fla; (6} 

SOLUTION TO NO 1050 

SEPSaiffiB nl Va “?i J R™ » °p*« 9 Triumvir 13 
& ,JS >™ b ^ 24 -Pall Mfell 25 

uv^L. 2 Mea 4 J Verdi SChef <Nau ™ 

SHS* “Venom 12 Radio 13 Quasimodo 14 Alga 15 Asa 18 
W rath 20 Y east 21 Bylaw 22 Clue 23 Best 

Can you always get your copy of The Ttmert 

DewNewMBem. ptascdclrviErfave mcaaopyoTmcYmie, 



' enclosure 


18 Flashing disco light - 
(6) 

20 Remove from office, 
(6) 

21 Large mass (6) 

23 Small theatre box (4) 


ie 


NAME. 


ADDRESS. 




JAGUA 


is m iP 5 * 

^ctaberbswoutnou£L 30 cars / 


j 














THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPT 




X 11 1986 


11 


BOOKS 


S 


A familial rave from the 


; . 











5 ®»n after the death of 
Kofceri Graves, it isdifficuft 
r £***& to take his mea- 
sure. Was he primarily an 
— « 01 „ novdi * ^th some liter- 
ally Moonstruck notions about 
magic and matriarchy, or was he a 
lync poet who will stand with 
Catullus and Hardy? And how did 
mis scion of Charterhouse an d 
Oxford (even though he came close 
10 despising both institutions) end 
up _ as the household god of 
Majorca: a modem Claudius who 
preferred the laurel wreath to any 
more imperial insignia? J 

Richard Perceval Graves has 
embarked upon his own course of 
exploration in what looks like 
being the first of several volumes of 
biography, he is the poet's nephew, 
calls him “Robert" throughout, 
and inclines towards a familial 
view of his subject. There are- of 
course some reasons for doing so: 
Roben Graves’s mother was Ger- 
man and his father Irish, and in 
that potent combination we .may 
trace the outline of his own strange 
amalgam of discipline and dreami- 
ness, formality and mysticism. The 
fact that his father was also a minor 
poet helps to fuel such genetic 
speculations, and one cannot help 
but see in Graves what his biogra- 
pher finds in the rest of his 
family — determination and ner- 
vous susceptibility. 

These are certainly the twin 

poles of Robert Graves's earfy life. 

' . She Scylla and Chary bidis tint 
.-came close to wrecking him alto- 
r gether. Goodbye to All That , bis 
rown autobiography, documented 
.in some detail both the horrors of 
-Charterhouse and the horrors of 
:: the First World War — on balance. 
Graves seems to have preferred the 
'war — but his biographer here has 


ROBERT GRAVES 
The Assault Heroic 
1895-192 6 

By Richard Perceval Graves 

Wridenfeid & Ntcobon. £14.95 


supplemented this somewhat lan- 
dfill exercise in historical recon- 
struction with family papers and 
attendant memories. 

So we learn more here about bis 
often strained relationship with his 
parents and siblings, for example, 
just as we discover more detail 
about his impulsive marriage to 
Nancy * Nicholson. This first vol- 
ume takes him from bis schooldays 
through his terrible adult baptism 
in the trenches, of France, and then 
on to Oxford University; by the 
lime he was thirty he had written 
several volumes of poetry and a 
sprinkling of prose, all of which 
received what are known as 
“mixed reviews". There were times 
when he was dose to despair, and 
the book doses as Graves and his 
family travel to Egypt where he was 
appointed a Professor ofPoetry. “A 
new start", as they say. and no 
doubt the succeeding volumes of 
Richard Perceval Graves’s biogra- 
phy will explain its extraordinary 
consequences. 



Graves 


on occasions a sanctimonious bul- 
ly. and almost always possessed by 
a deep, unshake&bk egotism. Of 
course his experiences in the war 
haunted and unnerved him for 
many years afterwardsiand lack of 
success in the early years of any 
writer's career are not calculated to 
improve the temper; but the feet 
remains that on the evidence of 
this account a profound and subtle 
lyric gift seems to have dwelt 
within a disagreeable and flawed 
personality. Perhaps this will come 
as a surprise only to certain literary 
academics who. trying desperately 
to lend respectability to their 
crumbling profession, ascribe some 
“moral" value to great poetry. It 
has none at all. 


T 


B 


ut already it has seemed 
like a very long life; and 
particular volume 
takes some 328 pages to 
complete a period of Robert 
Graves’s history which, in Martin 
Seymour-Smith's own recent bio- 
graphical account, needed only 
.130. It is easy to see why Graves’s 
nephew has included so much 
material — he happens to have ft at 
his disposal, and the feet tint most 


of it was unpublished proved too 
great a temptation to resist. But the 
recital of family memories does not 
necessarily make for interesting 
reading; the rest of the Graves 
household is really only of vital 
interest to the Graves household 
itself: and there are times when this 
biography recalls the worst mo- 
ments of the photograph album 
brought out at tea-time. 

Enough is enough: we really do 
not want to know what little 
Robert's brothers and sisters were 


doing in the “long summer holi- 
days of 1910". There is no point in 
having unpublished source materi- 
al unless you know how to handle ft 
properly; and, in this first volume 
at least, Richard Perceval Graves 
has been led astray by family piety. 
Despite one or two of this 
biographer's barbs in the general 
direction of Martin Seymour- 
Smith, the earlier writer is (up to 
this point in Robert Graves's 
career) the more interesting and the 
more substantial The real problem 


is that this latest biographer takes 
no definite attitude to his subject 
other than that of femflial respect, 
and so be meanders through minu- 
tiae: the book is interesting when 
the recounted events are interest- 
ing. that is alL 

Another odd aspect lies in the 
feet that, although it is written in as 
close to a filial spirit as a nephew 
can get. the picture of Graves that 
emerges from it is a distinctly 
unlikeable one — he seems here to 
be irritable, priggish, insensitive. 


hese are not matters with 
which this biographer 
chooses to deal in this first 
volume, however; and in 
any case his concentration upon 
the familial aspects of Graves’s life 
effectively disbars him from under- 
standing the true springs of his 
creativity. This is a pity, since 
Graves's proper significance has 
yet to be ascertained; dearly he was 
part of the anti-modernist tradition 
(in other words, he was not an 
American), and his work can be 
seen to bear allegiances to that of 
Hardy and Yeats, and even that of 
Dowson or Johnson. In this early 
volume there might have been 
room for such an account, since 
Graves's poetic predilections must 
at least in part be established upon 
his juvenile reading and education. 

Bui these are early days yet: there 
are other volumes to come and 
when Richard Perceval Graves has 
been able to free himself from the 
tyranny of femily loyalty he may be 
able to see Graves whole. 



Raphael must be the 
V reckoned of all the 
masters in this country 
largely, no doubt, because the 
Pre-Raphaelites and Ruskin 
have planted ineradicably in 
\ our minds the notion that 
being Post-Raphaelite, let 
along Raphael himself, is not 
... only aesthetically suspect but 
.L somehow morally reprehensi- 
ble as weiL 

We paid relatively little 
attention to the five-hun- 
. dredth anniversary ofhis birth 
' " .in 1983, when most, of the 
,• Continent was ablaze with 
major exhibitions. And that is 
, not even because we are 
poorly equipped with exam- 
" pics in our own public codec- 
‘ lions: there are not only die. 
; . drawings from various sources 
. then highlighted at the British 
Museum, but also, for a start, 
:the splendours of the Royal 
" Collection Cartoons now 
.'housed at the Victoria and 
" Albert. Still it does seem in 
. the main that Raphael is just 
. not quite one of “our" art- 
. ists — not. certainly, in the 
way that Leonardo and Mi- 
chelangelo are. . 

• _ The quincentenary and its 
attendant activities have, indi- 

- rectly. been responsible for 
Francis Ames-Lewis’s new 

• book, which is also a more 
_ minutely focused sequel to his 
Drawing in Earfy Renaissance 
“ Italy. Thai book, published in 

- 1981. ends with a brief and not 


§ Light on 
a great 
Master 


John Russell 
Taylor 


THE DRAFTSMAN 
RAPHAEL 

By FranrisAmes-Lewis 

- Yale. £25 


altogether enthusiastic men- 
tion- of RaphaeTs drawings, in 
iisepilogue. “The Quattrocen- 
to Legacy": on the. whole one 
gets the impression that. 
Ames-Lewis much prefers. 
Leonardo. But as he observes 
in the preface to the new 
volume, all the activity of 
1983 spawned so much new 
consideration and reconsider- 
ation of RaphaeTs drawings 
that in consequence we have 
ailhad to modify our ideas in 
the light of altered 
perceptions. 

The main thing which has 
become much clearer is the 
importance of RaphaeTs very 
studied, deliberate way of 
using his preparatory 


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drawings to experiment with 
composition, and with the 
poses that would most precise- 
ly convey 1 what he wanted 
each component part of the 
composition to convey. It has 
long been understood that the 
drawings go in series, in which 
RaphaeTs ideas on what form 
the finished picture should 
take gradually evolve and are 
modified, sometimes radical- 
ly. sometimes onfy in tiny 
details, until he is entirely 
satisfied that he knows what 
he means to do. 

It has not perhaps, been so 
fully understood before the 
researches of the last five years 
or so that everything in the 
drawings .contributed to .this 
process — evert to the choice 
of medium forihe drawings. 

Ames-Lewis ; takes us in 
fascinating detail through the 
evolution., of speta important 
Raphael works as the Baglioni 
Entombment,, the Madontia 
.del Baldacchino and the Stan- 
za della Segnatura frescoes, as 
well as the painted cartoons 
we know so well for the Sistine 
Chapel Tapestries. It is illumi- 
nating to observe how some- 
times Raphael will change the 
whole iconographies! signifi- 
cance of a composition in 
mid-stream, and even more so 
to see how exact Raphael's 
ideas must have been about 
his commissions right from 
the beginning. 

• The Madonna del 
Baldacchino is a good case in 
point as it was intended all 
along for a dimly lit side- 
chapel Raphael was specially 
concerned to achieve clarity 
and the right sort of tonal 
balance for the situation, and 
hence made brush -and-wash 
studies for the whole and 
silverpoim studies in detail 
whereas for the circumstances 
of the "Baglioni Entombment 
he had made bold pen-and-ink 
drawings as most suited to a 
dynamic relief group. Possibly 
it is this evident (dace for 
ratiocination in his work that 
has tended to turn the incur- 
ably Romantic English against 
him. But on this showing ft 
certainly got results. . 

i 

— — 1 — 


A slap bang farce nipped in the bud 


Castigating Cyril Connolly for 
his critical habit of examining 
passages in isolation like a 
wine-taster. Evelyn Waugh 
pointed out that “a sentence 
which be admires may owe its 
significance to another fifty 
pages hence:" The trouble 
with Howard Jacobson's third 
novel is that practically the 
whole of it — including the 
title — hangs by a thread to a 
sentence near the end, when 
the narrator, his Ups well 
stained with South Australian 
c/aret, is bitten on his man- 
hood by a spider in an outside 
lavatory. So Tmuch of 
Jacohson’s vehement, scato- 
logical wit goes into alerting us 
to this impending nip, that 
when it comes one greets the 
spider, with an unrestrained 
cheer. The hairy little creature 
is merely responding, and not 
before time; to the author's 
worst excesses.. 

- “The spider", laments Leon 
Forelock, burdened like many 
of Redback’s characters with a 
meaningfully silly name, 
“ruined for me all affairs of 
the heart." But Jacobson, who 
is more in the tradition of 
Lodge and Sharpe, is not 
concerned with the heart 
Fuelled on a lethaliy English 
mixture of failure and ram- 
pant jealousy, his characters 
only come to life when they 
are insulting each other. In 
chronicling their relentlessly 
clever banter. Jacobson has no 
trouble in making us laugh 


FICTION 


Nicholas 

Shakespeare 


REDBACK 

By Howard Jacobson 

Bantam, £10.95 

* FOE 

ByJ-M- Coetzee 

Seeker A Warburg. £9.95 

TICKET TO RIDE 
" By Dennis Potter 

Faber, £9.95 


with him — although the read- 
cr often has to duck the spittle. 

The plot for what its worth, 
follows Leon's path to the 
lavatory via Cambridge — 
where he wins a double first 
in Moral Decencies — to Aus- 
tralia, where he works in a 
roundabout way for the CIA. 
Bordered with rare sexual 
bravura and colourful literacy 
references, it is a path which ts 
fun but exhausting to tread, 
presently billed as the most 
hilarious thing happening to 
people on their way home, 
Jacobson is in danger of 
following Sharpe slap bang 
into a comic cul-de-sac. 

That extremely fine South 
African writer, J.M. Coetzee, 
has also written his most 
disappointing fiction to date. 
Foe is the short tale, told in a 
somehwat masculine voice, by 


Susan Barton — a castaway 
who is washed up on an island 
inhabited by Robinson Crusoe 
and his voiceless slave. Fri- 
day. These two are shadowy 
figures. Crusoe smells of fish 
and sheep's wool and spends 
his time bnilding terraces. 
Friday, whose tongue has been 
cut out, is morosely silent but 
for the occasional hum. 

Once rescued, Crusoe dies 
en route for London; but, 
taking Friday under her wing, 
Susan is determined to have 
their story told. To this end 
she' approaches the renowned 
writer Mr Foe, who promptly 
bowdlerizes ft. 

Foe is a novel of silences — 
the silence of a woman who 
cannot write the truth, and the 
silence of a man who cannot 
speak it. As ever. Coetzee’s 
prose is that of a true crafts- 
man. detached and granite 
grey, and chipping away to 
reveal a cold polished work. 
What prevents ft from stirring 
is the sense he is working out 
some private riddle between 
himself and the Crusoe myth. 
Wrenching this familiar tale 
into an allegory pertinent to 
Southern Africa has the same 
effect on the reader as listen- 
ing to Friday's mute bum. 

Where Coetzee fails to be 
bleak and chilling. Dennis 
Potter succeeds gruesomely. 
Ticket to Ride is a masterful 
plunge into the remote, dark 
crevices of the mind. On a 
train to London, an advertis- 


ing 


artist (“for dairy by- 
iucts high in saturated 
it") looks out of the window 
and suddenly loses his 
memory. 

In a firmly controlled see- 
saw, the novel flashes back to 
the man's life up to this 
moment — a lost job. a disin- 
tegrating marriage to a woman 
with a soiled past — and for- 
ward to his life in the enforced 
present with its heightened 
smells and helpless pursuit of 
Paddington prostitutes. 

Potter's concern is identi- 
ty— its suppression. its dis- 
placement. its obliteration. 
From his characters' view- 
point. he paints a world as if 
through a glass bowL contort- 
ed and un listening. From our 
own. he shows them clenched 
in fear and loneliness, mouth- 
ing their silent, manic, even 
murderous pleas: Precisely 
told and threaded with jarring 
images — an apple tree 
scratching the window, a 
painting of poisonous 
plants — Ticket to Ride keeps 
its suspense to the very end. 

After three great Irish nov- 
els. David Martin in Dream 
kerd Warburg. £10.95) 

; come up with a varicosed. 
runaway horse of a book, 
which needs a gauze brush 
rubbed vigorously over its 
sentimental flanks. This time 
he throws a vast net out over 
the century, only to come 
bade with a soggy saga of love. 


Nagging 
at the 
memory 


POETRY 


Robert Nye 


Peter Scupham's Out Late 
(Oxford. £4.95) is the sixth 
collection of verse by a poet 
who deliberately does without 
fireworks. No verbal or stylis- 
tic pyrotechnics here, but good 
solid craftsmanship, an honest 
look at the complexity of 
human relationships, and one 
or two poems that nag at the 
memory — less because of 
good lines that stand out, as 
on account of the absence of 
lines that stand out, all being 
delivered to the reader in the 
same level tone of uncompro- 
mising seriousness. I'm not so 
very keen on the sequence on 
Shakespeare’s A Midsummer 
Night's Dream, which pads 
out the middle, and occasion- 
ally a monotony of scene or 
time obtrudes - it is usually 
late afternoon in Scupham's 
world, or last thing at night, 
and he'll be sounding tired 
after a hard day’s work — but 
there is at least one poem here. 
“A Borderland", which is 
better than anything he has 
ever published before: 

Thick-set beyond Tom 
Tiddler's Ground, the wood 
Is run by dogs — there it 
might start to snow, 

Ola Shak\\fmgcrs pass his 
poisoned sweet: 

The place where mother said 
you never should, 
its otherness might sweep 
them off 1 their feet; 

The wood itself has nowhere 
else to go. 

Scupham is genuinely seek- 
ing to write the kind of verse 
that wiD cast light on some- 
thing dark in human nature: 
The attempt is honourable. 

So are the attempts made in 
a slim and ill-primed volume 
by Sebastian Barker entitled 
Boom (Free Man's Press. 
£Z50). Baker has perfected at 
least two manners — one, as 
in the title poem, a style of 
high-minded rant which 
sounds like Christopher Smart 
brought up to date, and the 
other (more difficult and in- 
teresting. I think) where he 
seeks to express the same 
extremes of love and hate 
within such tight structures as 
the sonneL Barker is a hit-or- 
miss artist, and there is hardly 
a poem in the book which is 
not flawed or blurred by some 
excess. Yet' I believe his 
failures are worth more than 
the successes of his timid 
contemporaries, who would 
certainly never dare to make 
the exhibition of themselves 
that in his case he just 
occasionally makes into an. 

George MacBeth’s The 
Cleaver Garden 

(Seeker & Warburg. £6.95) is 
a long and intricate medita- 
tion on blood and pain and 
death, moving in space from a 
meat market to the ritual of 
blood sports, but in time 
staying constant to a sort of 
Nineteenth-Century romanti- 
cism. 


Mortuary wit and 
love from Wales 

( NOVEL *\ 

V of the week J 

Victoria . 
Glendinning 





DILLONS 

THE BOOK-STORE... 

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hAnt?pllers to help you find them. At the new Dillons our aim is to . 
°° make bopkbuyirig a pleasure. ■ . . ■ • 

Piirooe's finest bookstore is at 82 'Gower St , London WO. Tel:Q1-636 1577. , 


The old devil has pulled it off. 
This is vintage Kingsley Amis. 
SO per cent pure alcohol with 
splashes of sad savagery about 
getting old, and about the state 
of the sex-war in marriages of 
thirty or more years' standing. 
His old devils are a group of 
friends in a South Wales town, 
all retired from their profes- 
sions, with nothing to do but 
drink. Their lady wives, who 
meet in one another’s homes 
mid-morning when the men 
have shuffled off to their 
“Bible sessions" (the pub is 
called the Bible and Crown), 
get the coffee over quickly and 
move straight on.to tbeSoave. 
If the flow of Mr Alois’s jprose 
is a bit bumpy, if s nothing to 
the staggering* of these ever so 
respectable welsh couples. 

The almost superfluous plot 
turns on the homecoming of 
their only famous friend, a 
goWen-tongued “professional 
Welshman" who made good 
in the English media: with him 
comes his wife, the once- 
lovely Rhiannon. Their return 
to the group stirs up old 
memories, old scandals, old 
loves: more than ever, disap- 
pointed husbands flinch under 
the justified taunts of their 
equally disappointed wives. 
Flickers of forgotten longings 
disturb the old devils — in 
competition with flickers of 
anxiety about loose teeth, 
twinges in the entrails, and 
whose turn ft is to stand tbe 
next round. 

Peter, bullied by a genteel 
English wife, is the most 
grotesque old devil of the 
bunch. There, is a virtuoso 
passage about his getting-up 
procedures, no longer some- 
thing you “hurried heedlessly 
through before you did any^ 
thing of interest' . but a major 
event of the day. Stiff-jointed, 
grossly overweight, granting 
and sweating, he grapples with 
first sock, second sock, hod so 
on. only, to be foiled at the 
breakfast-table bo the intran- 


THEOLD DEVILS 
By Kingsley Antis 

Hutchinson . £9.95 


sigeaoce of semi-detached 

grapefruit segments. 

After this marathon, there's 
nothing to do till opening- 
time. Once they had laughed 
at someone's old dad. “the 
way he used to mark up the 
wireless programmes in the 
Radio Times with different- 
coloured pencils." He never 
listened to the radio: “but ft 
was an hour taken care o£" 
Now. they understand 

Bat after the first few whis- 
kies of the day they are up to 
some quite energetic com- 
plaining about modern youth, 
women, Wales (for its preten- 
tious Wdshness), Wales (for 
its hideous philistinism), and 
Wales again (for absolutely 
everything). Yet “Wales is a 
subject that can't be talked 
about. Unless you're making a 
collection of dishonesty and 
self-deception and sentimen- 
tal bullshit" 

No Under MUk Wood 
“bullshit" here. But once they 
were young and romantic — 
and somewhere - in his 
clapped-out carcass Peter still 
adores Rhiannon — and may- 
be Wales too. The roaring 
crudeness of the graveyard 
humour is what rives The Old 
Devls its vitality, but the 
backhanded 

acknowledgement of love and 
aspiration redeems it from 
brutality, and makes ft a good 
book. It is not, however, 
however, a suitable gift for the 
fiail and the- fastidious. 


Travel the word 

Here’s our autumn pick of new 
reference books. You’ll find them 
in any of our bookshops. 

And not only these 6. We have 
1,200 reference books for you to 
choose from. i 

Come into one of our bookshops. ^ 

Look for the Rj. % 

The word and the world 
at your fingertips. 


i 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY SI 


IER I 


>: *■ 

1 


THE TIMES 
DIARY 

Paging Mr 
Perez 

In an attempt to avert a succession 
squabble. Britain is trying to 
dissuade the UN Secretary-Gen: 
eral, Javier Perez de Cuellar — 
recuperating from a heart by-pass 
operation - from retiring at the 
end of his five-year term in 
November. In expectation of his 
departure, Africa, which feels it is 
its turn to fill the job, already has 
two contenders limbering up: 
Nigeria's Olusegun Obasanjo, of 
the Commonwealth Emrnioent 

Persons Group, and Ghana's Dr 
A.R. Khane, director-general of 
the UN Industrial Development 
Organization. Latin American 
countries, on the ground that it is 
customary for secretaries-general 
to serve two full terms want, with 
US backing, to nominate 
Uraguay's foreign minister, 
Enrique Iglesias. My source at UN 
headquarters in New York sug- 
gests that the palliative British 
approach to de Cuellar is doomed. 
He has laid down two conditions 
for staying: the future stability of 
UN finances, due to be savaged by 
the Reagan administration's $100 
million cut, and assurance of an 
improvement in US-Soviet rela- 
tions. Neither at present stands a 
chance of being met. 

Slim line 

British Rail, still bent on getting 
there, has chosen Oxford station 
as the first outlet for the health- 
conscious. With an engaging 
heartiness, it has dubbed a new 
range of fare, which includes high- 
fibre rolls, wholemeal quiches and 
Greek-style yoghurt, “healthy 
treats.*' The station is also becom- 
ing what I can only call a tea 
junction, with rose hip and 
peppermint flavours as a welcome 
alternative to the other stuff “We 
are just trying to keep up with the 
times.** says a BR spokesman. 
"We don’t want people to think 
that we make curly sandwiches 
any more.** Perish the thought. 

Poorhouse 

Rave reviews tend to ensure the 
success of productions on Broad- 
way. How sad that it should be an 
English show, Nicholas Nickleby. 
which furnishes an exception to 
the rule. Having returned. with a 
new cast less than a month ago, 
apparently for a rerun of its earlier 
triumph, the Nunn-Edgar 
collaboration is running into, seri- 
ous trouble at the Broadhuret 
Theatre. Takers for the $100 seats 
have so dwindled that unless there 
is a rapid upturn the show will 
close on September 28. _ 

BARRY FANTONI : 




T was queueing to pay 
twenty-four quid for speeding and 
got a parking ticket' 


Ricochet 

More ructions within the Federa- 
tion of Conservative Students, 
whose foreign affairs committee 
has voted to send a get-well 
telegram to General Pinochet, 
recovering from the attempt on 
his life last weekend. “Utterly 
stupid." says the FCS chairman. 
John Bercow. “Pinochet is no hero 
of the Conservatives." He prom- 
ises a roasting for the leading 
members of the committee, who 
arc now’ away in Washington. 
Bercow. however, has his own 
hostile critics. Last week be was 
expelled from the federation's 
right-wing libertarian faction for 
being too critical of Harry Phibbs* 
recent attack on Lord Stockton 
over the forcible repatriation of 
Cossack prisoners in 1945. The 
ambitious Bercow. keen for a 
researcher's job with the Tories 
next year, and a squash opponent 
of the even more competitive 
Jeffrey Archer, is accused of 
ingratiating himself too much 
with the party leadership. His 
defence is that he was elected on 
the understanding that he would 
improve relations with the party. 
“And anvway. I am not playing 
squash with Jeffrey again until 
January." he tells rat 

Plane tale 

A novel .prist to the end of a 
People Express flight from San 
Francisco to Nbwark. New Jersey, 
on Sunday. So strong, were the tail 
winds that the aircraft arrived five 
minutes ahead of schedule, which 
meant that passengers watching 
the in-Bight movie. Hannah and 
her Sisters, were left as it were, up 
in the air. BA might take a leaf j 
from the book ofPFs obliging 
pilot who Offered bn j 

the choice of watching the end at \ 
the film 

landed, or else getting a PKBg 
■the final sequence as they 
through the exit door. Such are me 
for US jet-seuojs 

lhai most opted for the laner. with 
he pilot himself rani'"* 

repetitions of the chmox ss ha 
charges departed. I shall not .ten 
youwhat he said in case! >™nihe 
film for you, PHS 


Editorial integrity in action 

by J. Enoch Powell 


Ronald Butt 

Countering the 


On the title page of No End of a 


Lesson — Loading Articles from 
i The Times under the editorship of ' 

Charles Douglas-Home, the prep- 
osition “under” is important- A 
reprint of leading articles pub- ~ , . 

lished “under an editor is not a and one found it difficult to 
personal record in the same sense remind oneself that, given his age, 
as a reprint ' of somebody’s he had never benefited from the 
speeches or essays would be: experience of the reality of war; he 

Leading articles, in The Times thought and wrote as though he 
as much as anywhere die, are b®d« ™ r " e was a natural soldier. ■ 
collective products, and cannot be The consequence was that be 

the exclusive utterance of any. one did not suffer from the civilian 
individual, however strong- journalist’s deference in the face of 
minded or influential. In a again- professional dogma. Our \ first 
cant sentence in the foreword, the contacts, his and mine, were 
proprietor describes the editor between 1965 and 1968, when I 
“every evening around six o’clock was defence spokesman for the 
at his desk revising and headlining official Opposition, and I remera- 
the night’s leaders”. her how refreshingly and reassur- 

Apait from his irresistible per- fogly he could participate in 

sonal charm, Charlie Douglas-, -sacrilegious scepticism about 

.. . ... .. 


had no prior claim on his atten- understanding and respecting the 
tion or bis assent , limits of his own ftactiotClniere 

The other quality was the one ■ is a Times personality. A Times 
which had made him outstanding leader has its own classic formula, 
as a defence correspondent He - which tempers with counterpoint 
had - the gift of thinking militarily, and occasionally with ambiguity 

anil Ana fiutiwf •> Xiffimik - ‘ .1 “ J 


Home had two outstanding 
qualities. First he was uncomxpt 
In particular he was immune to 
the form of corruption to which 
people in public postions are 
most vulnerable, the corruption of 
conventional expectations. The 
currently respectable view of a 
subject was simply one which he 
was prepared to examine on its 
merits along with any others. It 


The government reshuffle has 
-taken place, and nothing very 
astonishing has emerged from h. 
The least astonishing aspect of all 
is the continued exclusion from 

g jvernment or party office of Mr 
ecrl Parkinson: Miss Sarah 
Keays, with her fine sense of 
timing, has once again ensured 
that 

■ The ups and downs, ins and 
outs, rights and wrongs, truths and 
lies of the affaire Parkinson have 
been canvassed to extinction; I do 
not propose to go over the same 
well-tilled ground, though perhaps 
I may explain why not. As I said- 
right at the start of the public side 
of the affaire . ; no one but'foe three 
people directly concerned, and 
possibly not even they, can really 
know what happened, whai was 
meant to happen, what precise 
share of blame each of the parties 
should shoulder, what feelings 
were involved, what motives were 
at work. Miss Keays has had her 
say, and will no doubt continue to 
have it* Mr Parkinson has re- 
mained silent in public, and will 
no doubt continue to do so. The 
'political consequences have been 
weighed and reweighed, and there 
is nothing more to be said about 
them until and unless they change. 

I think, though, that there is one 
area which has, perhaps surpris- 
ingly. . been almost entirely ig- 
nored, and it is that missing .link : 
which I want to discuss today. In 
order to clear the ground for ft I 
shall make some assumptions,. 


“East of Suez” — what was that? — 
or the paraphernalia of Naio 
nudear theology. • 

Not all these excitements would 
necessarily be reflected, chapter 
and verse, in the leading articles 
published “under" his editorship. 
Charlie Douglas-Home was a. 
professional journalist and a pro- 
fessional editor, highly so. He had 
the professional's quality of 


the implications of an original or 
minority or irreverent line of 
reasoning. Charlie as editor was 
the captain of a very special ship, 
and he placed his abilities at its 
service. 

What Charlie Douglas-Home 
offered on behalf of The Times 
was not so much intellectual 
partisanship as intellectual hos- 
pitality. Under his editorship no 
interest and no point of view 
would be excluded a priori in 
obedience to influence or to 
convention or to sloth When he 
died, among the many who lost a 
good friend were the people of 
Northern Ireland. His curiosity 
had- been aroused and his interest 
provoked by the apparent contra- 
dictions and inconsistencies of 
government policy in that prov- 
ince, and he was addressing 
himself with characteristic tenac- 
ity to acquire his own understand- 
ing of what lay below the surface 
of the official presentation. To 
watch him at work was an object 


lesson in editorial and journalistic 
skill arid integrity. 

A good half of the pieces now 
reprinted relate to the Falklaods 
event and its repercussions upon 
Britain's defence thinking and 
posture. This strikes a fair balance 
both in the interests of Charlie 
Douglas-Home and in the histori- 
cal scale. The FaUdands war did 
more politically than secure (if it 
did secure) the re-election of a 
Conservative majority in Par- 
liament. The questions which it 
posed about Britain and the 
British will long continue to be 
debated. Perhaps “We are all 
Falklauders now” the title of the 
first leader reprinted, would have - 
been a more apt title - of the 
collection than the five words of 
Kipling on the South African War* 
Bart of the vahie of such - a 
collection of documents as this is 
to provide irrefutable 'dated ev- 
. idence of what people at a given 
moment actually thought they 
thought 

No End of a Lesson is published 
today by Ailkmce for the Institute 
for European Defence and Strate- 
gic Studies (£7 JO). The author is 
Official Unionist AfP for South 
Down. 


Neil Kinnock and his p&rtvhave 
been enjoying an astonishingly 
good press, considering the extent 
to which most of their.poiicies and 
serial attitudes are known not to 
be ihe sort of thing most people 
want The explanation should be a 
warning to Mrs Thatcher. It lies 
partly m the inevitable tendency 
of the communications media not 
only to respond attentively to 
what is new. but too often to do so 
as “fen" rather than sceptic. 

The. effect of this is not unlike 
that of the disproportionate atten- 
tion given to new social and moral 
fashions — minority attitudes until 
they are magnified by the respect- 
able attention they receive and 
then- copied -more widely. When a 


prime Minisier is. indeed, that she 
S stuck inflexibly to her eco- 
nomic policies, despue unemplo>- 
mem and criticism of the levelof 
finance for essennal soc^l sa- 

vices. Likewise, the most stnlons 
characteristic of the Kinnock pofr- 
ciesis the extent to which they 
represent a stark rupture from the 
past few years, particularly in 
Jconomic and social pobey- 
Employment is Labour s (Se- 
ctored priority and one ^million i is 
the target figure for the first two 
years, though whether this relates ■ 
to new jobs or reducing unemplo^ 
meni remains shrouded in ■ 
ambiguity. This would be done by 
heavy state spending on social 
services, not only to 
them but to create new jobs both 


new political leader sams to.be . tiiem but u . crea« "£-£££2 
savine something new. he is heard directly and, through [increase*! 


Bernard Levin: the way we live now 


PlutaYaum 


Vengeful acid 
that eats 
away the soul 


strongly that that is the better 
course. 

It does not lie in my month to 
remind Miss Keays of Christ's 
words on the subject of revenge. 


might well identify herselt preg- 
nancy and all) has her honour 
restored amid the general forgive- 
ness. -Scholars have endlessly de- 
bated the meaning and symbolism 


against bis return to office; are the 
inevitable consequences for her of 
continuing to thwart the man of 
whom she says that he is the only- 
one she ever loved. If she does not 
learn now. she will leant far more 
terribly later that revenge is an 
arid, and that in the darkness of 
hate it eats away at the revenger, 
not at the revenger’s enemy. I do 
not minimize the wrong die has 
suffered; indeed, my entire argu- 
ment is based on recognition of 
that wrong But to spend what is 

still after all a comparatively 

young life brooding over a wrong 
is the surest way to a terrible 
emptiness of spirit, and if she 
continues to dutch -tq- her breaa 
the dead past, she will lose both 


» “demand. indir«,y a 

foe newness itself, especially when Heavilv tone foebciieroll J 

be talks “tough" and fluently. This calegory which would tK^nai a 
is particularly true when there is a P rett 5 ,low ’"“ ,r, ' r le ]? b ulfoe 
feeling abroad, as there is now, ' pay for some of it. but ™ 
that theold order has nothing new programme would v !f 

to say but that some new things with inflationa^ re- 

badlv need saying. suits- Labour hopes to stave on 

In such situations the media this problem by pay ba ^ a ' n A! V1 ^ 
tend to respond in the manner ofa the unions. But its chances or 
flock of birds, flying instinctively getting such agreement wn oe 
together. If the new is going to be a negligible because us own mfla- . 
winner, who wishes to be the odd tionary policies will have given a 
one out by not Spotting its push to wage demand, as will its . 
importance? So the winds of statutory minimum wa^. . 

fashion gradually gather force and So we should be back to 
give a credibility 'to their benefi- abortive trading with onion 
ciary that becomes self-fulfilling, bosses, whose old attitudes would: 
A winner is often simply someone re-emerge after the repeal ot the 

who begins to look like one. Thatcher government s reforms ot 

In some respects the political industrial relations law. Labours 
atmosphere now is reminiscent of new-found but ambiguous accep- 
1964. when everyone from men in tance of union ballots would 
the City and industry to am has- probably be watered down still 

sad ore wanted to know Harold further as part of the bargaining. 
Wilson and leant what he might Yet though the unions would be' 
da As he'confided his plans for a hard to control private industry 
Kennedy-style Hundred: Days of would be at the government s 
Dynamic Action his suceess began mercy for both supply of invest- 
to be taken for granted and the old ment (courtesy of the patriotically 
order seemed increasingly out of named British Investment Bank) 
date and uninventive. Yet the and in its use. 
grounds of Wilson's self-con- All the evidence suggests that 
fidence actually represent the the public - does not wanr the -. 
fundamental difference between system of economic and social 

his position and Kannock's, a controls which Labour offers, with ' 

difference which is Mrs Thatchers its hostility to individual res- 
greatest potential advantage. ponsibility, any more than it 
The Wilson success was rooted - would welcome Labour's attitude 
in the feet that his policies were to the police or defence. Yet - 
inspired by the Zeitgeist of the late though Labour policies are so out 

1950s and ’60s: indicative plan-' ofjoint with the real climate of the 
ning. regulated pay and prices, time. Kinnock is beginning to 
rising living standards achieved succeed in presenting Labour as 
painlessly % economic growth, the sort of social democratic party 
and social engineering: for a class- which David Owen never needed ; 
less society. All this, and the end of to leave, and which is now led by a 
social conflict, was to be born of • tough but consensus-minded man. 
bureaucracy out of consultation. It is happening not simply 
So much did the Wilson Labour becanse the new has the edge on 


bureaucracy out of consultation. It is happening not simply 
So much did the Wilson Labour because the nny has the edge on . 
Party follow the intellectual cli- - the old but prin c ip ally because the - 


which I want to discuss today. In them if only to draw attention to 
order to clear the ground for ft I the wholly predictable silence of 
shall make some assumptions,- all the members of dll the Chris- 
which are . not to Jbc taken .to tian hierarchies of Britain on any 


though I* am tempted to quote . ofthat play, but there couldjiardly the living present and the unborn! ' mate of foe time-thawhe action of government is still not addressing 
them ff only to draw attention to be a dearer statement of future. --foe MacmiHan-Home adrainistra- : itself convincingly to a changed 

the wholly predictable sflence of Shakespeare’s views on the subject If she cannot find itm her heart dons had foreshadowed it wife foe . scene, specifically to unemploy- 

all ihe members of all the Chris- of revenge than The Tempest. ■ either to foraive Mr Parkinson or- first attempts at. economic plan- .-meat and new anxieties about the 


represent my view but which .are ‘ 
necessity if l am "to "be clearfy 
understood. I assume,, therefore, 
for the sake of the argument, that 
Miss Keays is wholly blameless 
and Mr Parkinson wholly at fault, 
that his behaviour was entirely 
conscious and callous, and that 
hers was entirely innocent and 
without artifice. What now? 

Well what then was that Miss 
Keays showed that she wanted her 
revenge, and that foe took it; 
moreover, she is still taking ft and 
is apparently intent on continuing 
to take it indefinitely. Now from 
my premises, it follows that she is 
fully entitled to do so: she is an 
innocent betrayed, and her lover’s 
conduct deserves the harshest 
available punishment, which in 
this case is foe ruin of his political 
career. Serve him right. 

The question I. want to ask, 
however, is: though she may serve 
him right, should she? Should foe 
extract from him the full toll of 
censure, -ignominy and political 
extinction? Again, according to 
my assumptions she is doing no 
wrong in following such a course; 
and in any case she is entitled to. ' 
argue that he is unfit for public 
office; but 1 want to tell her that it 
is possible to have foe right to do 
harm to one who has caused harm, 
and indeed who may deserve to be 
harmed, yet to forgo that right, 
and that many centuries of accu- 
mulated wisdom suggest very 


■aspect of -foe- Parianson-Keays 
business, from, the sternest 
com mi nations against adultery to 
the gentlest advocacy of forgive, 
ness. But perhaps I may, without 
offending the Reverend Struck- 
d umbs, offer her some Shake- 
speare, and urge her to consider 
joining that blessed company of 
“they that have power to hurt, and 
win do none” 

The theme of mercy is extraor- 
dinarily strong in Shakespeare, 
and it is there almost invariably 
set in the framework I have laid 
out in my assumptions, taking foe 
form of the renunciation of re- 
venge even — indeed, mainly - on 
those who deserve vengeance. 
Shakespeare makes one of the 
reasons for this renunciation very 
explicit, in The Merchant of 
Venice: 

Though justice be ' thy plea, 
consider this. 

Thai in the course of Justice 
none of us 

Should see salvation. We do 
pray for mercy. 

And that same prayer doth 
teach us all to render 

The deeds of mercy. 

Jf that will not serve, let me go 
on to Measure for Measure (foe 
only one 'of Shakespeare’s plays, 
incidentally, with a title from 
Christian scripture). -The' whole 
play culminates in a refusal to _ 
exact vengeance, and the wronged. “ 
Mariana (with whom Miss Keays 


: Shakespeare’s views on foe subject 
of revenge than The Tempest. 
. which, is both Jus swan-song and 
: the play m which be speaks moire 
direray to foe audience than ever 
before. Shakes peare/Prospero, 
even as be prepares to renounce 
his magic powers, renounces his 
revenge on those who trespassed 
against him, and when Alonso 
speaks of pardon, he brushes it 
aside: 

There, sir, stop: • 

Let us not burden our remem- 
brances 

With a heaviness that 's gone. 

But it is in Cymbeline (hat he 
. teaches most dearly the lesson 
that Miss Keays has so fer not 
learned. In all Shakespeare, there 
is no man more grievously 
wronged than Posthumus, no m an 
more deserving of punishment at 
his victim's hands than fachimo. 
And when foe knife is at the 
villain’s throat, this is what 
wronged innocence says: 

Kneel not to me: 

The power / have on you is to 
spare you: 

The malice towards you to 
forgive you. Live. 

And deal with others better. 

None ofthat may impress Miss 
Keays: but it is only half of foe 
argument, and foe other half is 
more urgent even if less im- 
portant. To forgive wrongdoing 
ennobles foe forgiver, but she is 
entitled to reject nobility. What 
she cannot reject whatever foe 
case, based on his behaviour. 


If she cannot find itin her heart 
■ either to forgive Mr Parkinson or- 
: to forget -Jura*- she is 'moving . 
- inexorably . tq. a hideously .lonely; 
. old age, and long before she gets 
there she will discover, that she can 
no longer turn back even if she 
wants to. She mil also find that 
her vengeance ceases to give her 
even foe shallow satisfaction 
which is all that vengeance can 
five, and she will then be left with 
nothingatall ■ 

Suppose the worst; suppose i 
that — perhaps after another 
election' victory for foe. Conser- 
vatives — Mr Parkinson is re- 
stored to high office, that his 
career prospers, that his fell is 
forgotten, that everywhere he goes 
he is admired and applauded. 
Which would she prefer then — to 
rock in her chair with misery when 
he appears on the television 
screen, successful rich and hand- 
some. or to smile at him strutting, 
across his newly-restored political ! 
lands, and switch off? 

At foe moment, clearly, it is foe 
first. If it remains so, she will be 
heaping the coals of fire on her 
own head, not on his. But she has 
it in her power to extinguish them 
altogether.' for him and her alike: 
And while shfc is making up her 
mind whether to do so, let her 
know that those coals, though they ' 
bum. give off neither fructifying 
heat nor consoling warmth, and 
that those who ignite them are left 
in foe end with nothing bur dust 
and ashes. 

g) TtwwTIw Mpw .' wu. ' 


ning and pay policy! mid with 
Torie£taltin£?bb$t foe absurdity 


standard of such essential services 
ashospiials.ThePriine Minister is! 


; of 'the ' middle classes Turning : right to say that she will not give 


I - themsdves for-pubfi6-scho(fi fees. 

But nobody' could say that the 
Thatcher government has been a 
pathfinder for what Neil Kinnock 
is now proposing, or -that Labour 
represents a logical progression 
from what has been happening. 
The. principal criticism of foe 


-way to inflation. But that is bq * ; 
longer enough. In changed circum- 
stances, the government has to : 
find .a new song to sing and one *■ 
with a genuine tune. Its Mure to ' 
do so is the heart of foe matter and 
is why Neil Kinnock is now heard, 
with undue respect. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 


>ean m your 
shell-like 


Do you ever read foe words “he 
whispered sweet nothings, in heir 
ear" and wish that you. too, had 
someone to fill your ears' with 
fragrant calorie-free messages? 
When you reread the -legend of 
Joan of Arc do you /sometimes 
think how nice it would be if you 


enjoy most, especially foe one 
called You ’ve been very naughty, ■ 
said the. Prime Minister, so I’m 
going to have to spank you! 
lE-FIight Exercise. Have you ever 
retired to bed, shattered, after " 
attempting to keep up with Jane 
Fonda-type exercises, wishing- .. 


could have your .ownvoios, .there 


Giving the pinta power to beat the litre 


A herd of cows grazing in a 
meadow presents an image of 
rural stability in much the same 
way that foe clatter of milk bottles 
on foe doorstep provides reassur- 
ance that some things still survive 
urban change and turmoil Nei- 
ther is readily connected with a 
multi-million pound industry now 
in the throes of its biggest ever 
readjustment. 

Before foe end of foe decade 
shoppers already long used to 
buying butter from New Zealand 
and Denmark, and cheese from 
France and Italy, may find them- 
selves offered milk in cartons from 
Normandy and County Cork. For 
by then foe EEC will have 
achieved one of its most cherished 
objectives, a free market in 
pasteurised milk which, in theory 
at least, could mean 20.000-litre 
bulk tankers from France or the 
Netherlands arriving at the Chan- 
nel ports to supply London and 
the South-east or lorryloads cross- 
ing from Dublin to Liverpool. 

The Milk Marketing Board is 
determined that it should never 
happen. Its officials are confident 
of consumer, resistance — anyone 
who has holidayed abroad knows 
that foreign milk not only tastes 
but looks different — and (Mint to 
the difficulties feeing Continental 
producers: meeiing ihe high EEC 
quality criteria for intra-Coramu- 
nitv trading and establishing retail 
ouiJets. But they admit that . 
curiosity and ingenuity could 
create a breach in the defences. 

The threat, widely voiced two or 


three years ago. that our super- 
markets would soqn be fan of 
French UHT (long fife) milk has 
never materialized, because no 
one in their right mind buys UHT 
if they can buy the real thing. 
However, sales of low-fat 
skimmed and semi-skimmed milk 
have soared in the last few years, 
accounting now for nearly a fifth 
of the market, and -this so-called 
health sector could provide open- 
ings for Continental producers. 

But it is not just foe threat of 
greater foreign competition that is 
troubling foe industry. Having 
coped surprisingly well with foe 
sudden imposition of quotas in 
April 1984. it is still feced with 
declining overall consumption, 
accumulating surpluses of butter 
and “mousetrap" Cheddar cheese, 
and a complex and overlapping 
production and marketing struc- 
ture which many people would 
like to see dismantled. 

The board, whose tankers col- 
lect some 98 per cent of the. milk 
off farms -in England and Wales — 
there are a small number of so- 
called producer-processors wlp 
make farmhouse cheese and 
cream or have foeir own milk 
rounds — is under fire from 
producers, and its genial but . 
elderly chairman. Sir “Steve" 
Roberts, is expected to make way 
for a younger man next year, The 
Dairy Trade Federation, led by the 
abrasive Nicholas Horsley, who is 
also involved in plans to launch a 


paper, remains suspicious of the 
board’s relationship with ''its 
marketing subsidiary. Dairy Crest, . 
even though a report commis- 
sioned by foe government from an 
independent firm of accountants 
suggested foal the federation’s 
criticisms were largely unfounded. 

The board’s offices, in a gran- 
diose neo-Georgian pile in subur- 
ban Thames Ditton. * have a 
somewhat stuffy atmosphere of 
having for too long housed an 
unenterprising, unimaginative 
and bureaucratic cooperative, 
with no function other than to 
obtain foe best possible milk 
prices for foe farmers who own ft 

But ' things do appear to be - 
changing. Nigel White, the board's 
director of development and plan- 
ning. is responsible for sedding 
new outlets for milk and dairy 
produce which so far range from 
milk in ring-top cans (being test 
. marketed in southern England) to 
a cream liqueur made with whisky 
and brandy (a similar product 
developed in Ireland is now foe 
biggest selling 1 liqueur in the 
world), to Fetta and Kefalotyri 
cheeses for export to Greece. 
There is a rapidly growing market 
in foe Middle East and. North 
Africa for cheese and other daiiy 
products because of the difficulty 
and high cost of obtaining milk 
supplies localfv. 

The board has .established new 
experimental laboratories at what 
was; formerly the National -In- 
stitute for Research in Dairying, 


year should be capable of turning - 
out almost any varietyofcheese.lt 1 
is also investigating possible new 
uses for cream in cosmetics and I 
for milk in pet foods! i 

A mije or so down foe road, in 
its new . offices bn an industrial 
estate. Dairy driest claims to be 
adopting a similar new broom, 
approach to marketing. Formed in . 
1979 when foe board acquired a 
number of somewhat elderiy 
creameries from Unigate, it has in 
foe past been criticized for lack of 
enterprise. : ‘ . 

But its new top men, Geoffrey 
Barr, foe chief executive, -and 
Mike Knapp, managing director, 
are determined that foe.company 
will become a highly competitive . 
force ip the market. Its very move 
away from foe board's offices is 
seen as symbolic of its anxiety to 
be regarded as mo longer subser- 
vient to the producers' interests. 

White emphasizes that foe 
board is not in the business of 
manufacturing, which is up to the 
dairies and other food and drink 
firms. “We see our role as that ofa 
catalyst, but the dairies must play 
their part as well. I want to see 
milk going into making real- 
products that people want to buy 
instead of .merely feeding foe 
intervention stores. Above all. we 
have io ensure that our quality is 
so high that there wfl] he no 


^ v frt> ors? Pd . . This is ft! A voice explains to wii 
you, -in bnefl wish that there; was _ that simplyby staying still you can 
something else to play on personal do your body good. It foentakS •• 
stereos, besides that ghastly rock youon tftwnfepentle fiSnS 
music .or equaflygh^y opera? . as^ft^ng Yoi? 

- -WelL now there' is! Moreover .Knees Together and TrLIT 
Tape Recordings have produced a I^^YoiSf^bro^M^faThe . 
new range of folkmg cassettes for Middle By Sheer Will P^wct ™ 
your personal listening which will . . pwinuwm.ni.,, T J-x- u - ' 
fill your ears.tyith .the words you 

rrally want to hear. Thanks o ESSJdSiiiwS SS*~ 5ld «2-- : 
advice from some of foe richest wishes to fSS*^SSL who -’*- 
psyebiatrists in Britain, we can Suitehit* St- ' \! 

make you feel like a million. Just foodies dieters. 

g« an earful of our firtt cassettes! Thl * ** 1 

Sweet Uttte Nothings. One of otir 2? - 

most famous film stars whispers - modern disease ■ 

foe wordsyou warn to hear.feTbO fo^tSSf ^f!iS n as i? p ^ 
minutes of uninterrupted -love- start to nod ® y ? u 

talk. While all around you in foe ' *2 ^ ' 

tram or bus are glumly staring at will saV “ Oprvyf - se< i? n J s rt 
news of foe latest air disaster, you police car* " Wha^c 1 ^ 1 a 
can tingle to the blandifoments of £££ . Mtaffi ' dl0 l ' 

today's raost L glamorous per- StinT fet * ■ -J - 

former, breathing those magic 0 m Whv’s that if L P u11 
words past your earlobes. Is ita- atyoii* fl ^ h,n 8 l 

man? Or a woman? Well; frankly; the on ■ - 

, when they whisper you can’t iM SL ffSLSSW* 60 mifl - 

- the difference' —and who cans? \ \ ^^wakefulness. 

Yes Sir, NoSir. You do the talking ' S‘S-S ,at Sitlin 8 »n a train 
- our tape does foe listening: If SwaiSf hir ® you were in the 
you re on a long, lonely car hour’s N °£n£ h“ ***' ' 

journey, for instance, you just chat '^ ( L a ^° rth of ^ background 

away and foe tape chips in with; rlT? Uo 5 ,, recorde d at the ' 

“Absolutely...! couldn’t agree •»,«:? chan<iI J 0rses - After half an 
more . . . What do, you foink of * 916 bou & hl a drink by a; • 

South Africa, then? ... Well, ^amorous stranger. * . 

you're right, of course . ... They R«*io Revisited. Thanks to com .7 
neysr of - fo«. do they? purer simulation, we have ar 

...Yes. fnmmmro — by foe ranged some of your favourite ' 
way, tefl us that story you always radio programmes as they shouS ; 
tell so well . . . yes, foe oneabout, be but never are. MichaS ‘ 

* die one . . ." The , Parkinson's guest fails to foKf ' 
world's first respectful cassette! . any .record he likes, Robert Rohm 
MPs’ Story. Time. If you're an 5S n runs of things to sav' 
MP. telling people what to do" foe-. Maigaret Howard finally admit* '• 
whole time, what hannens? s he hasn't heard nmnhino j ■ 


MPs’ Story Time. If you're an 
MP- felling people whai ro do’ foe - 
whole time, what happens? yes.- 
yes. you become insufferable^ but 
-what else? Thai's right, you start to 


incentive for ' anyone. . to ! buy 1. Jong for someone to uAlyou what 
r — : --.u-.. ». to do. Yon start ba ,rI — ,: -'- 


foreign milk:' 


she hasn t heard anything good fa ! 
foe previous week, and l • 

vmaan goes into the stSTo - 
take listeners’ phone ealic k, «- 
nobody rings in! QllS ' buf ; . - 


aprasive wienoias Horeiey. who is was formerly foe National In- .Tnhfl Ymmp J fantasies abouLnamuesaod^ canes. If vou want 1 ' - 

also involved in plans to launch a stiune for Research in Dairying, ' . , 1 ] -And this cassette is deigned ,i 0 : , ta6esiiw£„T,?r 0r u? U . & ,hes e ‘ 

new left-of-centre Sunday news- ' outside Reading, which by next .igncu/tunrCorrespondent J ijring you foe kind of stories you WeJJ a tyank cheque. 

• *00? to do with it, 





iiSf - 






THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1986 


, 1 

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as <orn pad 


i'capc fails 


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vat to rail 
ii! terminal 


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! W Jl j 



1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone; 01-481 4100 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


THE REALM OF NECESSITY ^.^kone-ta^oc* 


Something had to give in the’ 
hard-pressed British truck in- 
dustry. The closure of the 
central part of General 
Motors’ truck and bus manu- 
facturing in Britain is certainly 
a cause for great regret: for the 
economy of Bedfordshire, 
which gave its name to this 
important exporting business 
for 55 years, and for the 1,250 
production and mana g eri al 
staff who will lose their jobs as 
a result Whether the short- 
term loss of jobs and manufac- 
turing capacity inflicts a 
further lasting blow on 
Britain's ability to create 
sustainable jobs and pay its 
way in the world will depend 
on. how Bedford’s main Brit- 
ish-based rivals react to the 
opportunities presented. 

The industry has suffered 
from serious overcapacity 
throughout the eighties. There 
has long been tough inter- 
national competition. The rise 
in ^sterling, as a result of the 
jump in oil prices in 1 979, was 
bound to hit such an industry. 
The .ensuing slump in business 
markets at home, in Europe 
and in third markets led to 
cutthroat competition in 
which British producers were 
at a currency disadvantage, 
exaggerated by manufacturing 
problems in all three. There is 
little immediate prospect of a 
full recovery. 

Further, closures were in- 
evitable if remaining factories 
were to cut losses or sustain 
their tenuous viability. The 
political inquest over Bedford 
shows little understanding of 
this. 


The traditional union re- 
action. blaming an un- 
concerned ’ foreign 
multinational for striking out 
jobs in Britain at the stroke of 
a pen in Detroit, looks particu- 


their chosen course by short- 
term political pressures. 

The .potential of joining 
Bedford's traditionally strong 
van business with Leyland’s 
revitalized but loss-making 


larly misplaced. General Mo- - truck operations in private 


tors has certainly taken severe hands would 
actions in its British plants in have removed' 

response to poor performance heavy rational 
(most recently at VauxhaD). h weaker parts o 
has. however, stuck by those, enterprise, 
operations through some thin rationalization 
times and taken a longer-term taken place in 
view than domestic employers building up a 
might have fell able or re- the capacity to 
quired to do. lively in wor 

would not ha 

Bedford's truck and bus retrenchment, 
operation haslost£187 million _ Even retren 

over the past three years. That . ever, has its o' 
is a proportionately greater an industrial p 
rate of loss than the larger now makes s 
Ley land equivalent which has Bedford trade 
so worried the Government, competitor — 1 
GM has sold control of its the market — ra 
American heavy truck bust- it to threaten 
ness to Volvo. Even so, it has van business, 
negotiated long and hard It is, finally, 
round Europe in an attempt to of confidence i 
form some link that would Ford, the mark 
enable it to stay in the market industry obser 
here. A merger with Land- mediately poin 
Rover Ley land was the most man Daimler- 
favoured and logical of these obvious bend 
moves. closure. The o: 

Ley land and its 

The virtue ofthat link lay in Graham Day. 
the long-term benefits of creai- more of their i 
ing a business with strong late to exploit 
products and marketing across investment an 
the whole range of commercial Ley land Vehicl 
vehicles. That argument re- to seize the 
mains valid, however histori- opportunity u 
cal it may now be, as does the. much as possib 
criticism that Mrs Thatcher 12 per cent 
and the Industry Secretary, Mr domestic mark 
Paul Channon, allowed Them- ensure that Bed 
selves, to be deviated from is notalso Brita 


hands would not, of course, 
have rem oved the necessity for 
heavy rationalization in the 
weaker parts of the combined 
enterprise. But ’such 
rationalization would have 
taken place in the context of 
building up a company with 
the capacity to compete effec- 
tively in world markets. It 
would not have been mere 
retrenchment. 

Even retrenchment, how- 
ever. has its own logic. From 
an industrial point of view, it 
now makes sense to close 
Bedford tracks, the weakest 
competitor — though third in 
the market — rather than allow 
it to threaten the continuing 
van business. 

It is, finally, a sad reflection 
of confidence in Leyland and 
Ford, the market leaders, that 
industry observers have im- 
mediately pointed to the Ger- 
man Daimler-Benz as the 
obvious beneficiary of the 
closure. The onus is now on 
Leyland and its chairman, Mr 
Graham Day. to bend rather 
more of their efforts than of 
late to exploiting the public 
investment and patience in 
Leyland Vehicles. They need 
to seize the unrepeatable 
opportunity to capture as 
much as possible of Bedford’s 
12 per cent share of. the 
domestic market and thereby 
ensure that Bedfordshire's loss 
is notalso Britain’s loss. 


HIGHWAY JUSTICE 


If it" were done when Tis done, 
theft *twere well it were done 
quickly. But then Macbeth had 
not, been caught speeding up 
the M6 when he said it, and 
not all of those who have been 
so caught would agree with 
him. From October 1,‘ how- 
ever, the fixed, penalty system 
for . motorists,', so. Jar best 
known 16 those who overstay 
their welcome at parking me- 
ters or straddle yellow, lines, 
wiH“ be expanded tor cover 
some . 250 more traffic 1 of- 
fences, including 50 which are 
actually endorsable. 

The objective is primarily to 
ease the growing pressure op 
magistrates' courts. The Home 
Office estimates that about 
one-fifth of the magistrates’ 
time might be saved by this 
measure alone. 

Ir was first mooted by the 
Inter-Departmental Commit- 
tee on Road Traffic Law fiye 
years ago,- then incorporated in 
the Transport Act in 1982. Its 
introduction next month has 
so far aroused considerably 
less hostility from the vocif- 
erous motoring lobby than 
might have been expected, 
perhaps because drivers are 
already familiar with the prin- 
ciple as practised on the 
Continent or America. These 
things being so, one wonders 
why the Government has 
waited so long. 

One possible reason is that 
the improvement in admin- 
istrative efficiency is less clear 
cut- than would seem to be the 
case. Lawyers whose interest 
in the matter is somewhat 


vested, argue that while there 
might be- a saving in court 
time, the $um of paperwork 
involved might actually rise. 
Extra staff might be needed to 
cope with the load. 

One way to circumvent this 
might be to introduce on-tho- 
spot fines, the motorist writing 
a cheque by , the roadside or 
: ; even perhaps settling by credit 
card. This would, however, 
.involve the police in the act of 
receiving money — in one form 
• or another — and the police 
;* remain' opposed to this , in ■ 

■ | principle. - They will 'Save' tb ; 
- train their traffic constables in 

■ the new procedures as it is, and 
the argument that these offi- 

' cers, no longer summoned to 
court so often, will be freed to 
spend more time solving seri- 
ous crimes may be no more 
than wishful thinking! 

The most commonly ex- 
pressed doubts about the new 
-scheme involve: the -financial 
penalty which the motorist 
incurs by.insisting on going to 
court. That he should have the 
' right to contest the case is 
inarguable. But if he then loses 
his legal skirmish he has to pay 
not only a fine; but the 
prosecution costs as well as his 
defence. The criticism is that 
this might deter the innocent 
man from defending himself. 
On the other hand there must 
be a deterrent to discourage 
the litigious, from wasting 
court time. The system as 
described is at least worth 
introducing, while being mon- 
itored for any suggestions of 
.injustice.' 


there must equally be some 
doubt about the size of the 
fines imposed. To charge a 
motorist a mere £24 for speed- . 
ing sounds inadequate when 
compared with those imposed 
for similar offences elsewhere 
in the world. Speeding is 
already regarded as a some- 
; what macho pastime. It would 
• be a pity if the introduction bf • 
summary justice had the effect 
of further devaluing the of- 
fence. This too is an' area. 

. which needs watching and The 
. Home Office should not be J - 
afraid of raising the penalty to 
ensure that the punishment 
fits the crime. 

In principle, however, the 
extension of the fixed penalty 
system to cover a wider range 
of motoring offences must be- 
welcomed. So too must the 
introduction of increased pen- 
alties for those who fail to pay 
up on time. That nearly half of 
the two million parking tickets 
issued each year in London 
alone are ignored by the 
motorists concerned, is little 
short of a national disgrace. 

We are all motorists now — 
and the responsible road user 
needs protecting from his 
neighbour who is not so. The 
new scheme is a radical change 
in the road traffic laws — the 
most radical since the in- 
troduction of the breathalyser. 
But like that other controver- 
sial event in the history of 
motoring, it is at worst a 
necessary evil and at best a 
positive reform. Justice, and 
not just rough justice, must be 
\ done more quickly. 


MR GORBACHOV’S DRINK PROBLEM 


What drives Russians to . 
drink? How can they be made . 
to ■ abandon a reprehensible 
tradition as old as their his- 
tory? Last month Mikhail 
Gorbachov took his anti-al- 
cohol campaign a step further 
by raising the price of a bottle 
of vodka to over eight rubles — 
about a day’s wages. Vodka 
has brought the state vast 
revenues, but at a terrible cost . 
to family life; four centuries 
ago an Elizabethan traveller in 
Moscow deplored the way 
Russians “drank away their 
children and all their goods at 
the emperor’s tavern”, and 
such scenes were still common 
until recently. 

Heavy drinking was costing 
the country millions of rubles 
and thousands of lives; indus- 
trial accidents, road and rail 
crashes, disastrous fires, and 
violent crimes were blamedon 
addiction to the bottle. The 
media, linked drunkenness . 
with shocking statistics rang- 
ing from absenteeism and 
shoddy workmanship to di- 
vorce. venereal disease, men- 
ially retarded children and 
early death. Explaimng.all this 
as “vestiges of the bourgeois 
past” was beginning to lack 

conviction. r 

The same symptoms oi a 
sick society emerged among 
peoples as diverse as Catholic 
Lithuanians and Muslim Uz- 
beks. Soviet government aw . 


much to destroy the old moral 
codes, based as they were on 
religious beliefs, but the new 
atheist morality was no sub- 
stitute. 

Yet there are other, less 
complex -reasons for Mr 
Gorbachov’s drink problem. 
Russians like vodka: it brings 
out the full flavour of the 
Russian cuisine;, it makes par- 
ties go with a swing; and it 
allows the Russian soul to 
expand with elaborate philos- 
ophies about the meaning of 
life. Official suggestions that 
weddings henceforth be cele-' 
brated with, tea have had little 
impact Moreover, a drinking 
bout is widely prescribed as a 
popular, albeit temporary, 
remedy for deep depressions 
brought on by. long dark 
winters, exacerbated by poor 
housing, bad working con- 
ditions. and vanishing hope? 
of future improvements. 

Wages have increased 
significantly, but consumer 
durables of good quality are 
scarce. For . most Soviet citi- 
zens there is little point in 
saving for a better house, a 
new car or a foreign holiday — 
they ■ would not be available 
anyway — so vodka soaks up 
the spare rabies. But last year 
the Kremlin declared war on 
drink..'. 

It became illegal to sell 
spirits, to those under. 21, or to. 


' encourage juveniles to drink. 
Licensed premises are now 
closed until 2pm on working 
days, and anyone found drunk 
in public places is liable to a 
heavy fine or imprisonment 
Spirits disappeared from of- 
ficial receptions, beer bars 
were converted zo sell pizzas, 
and hardened drinkers were 
urged to convert to Pepsi Cola. 
The penalties' for producing 
samogon (illicit .spirits) were 
sharply increased, while out- 
put of state vodka was cut and 
the price raised. An “All- 
Union Voluntary Society for 
the Struggle for Sobriety" was 
established with facilities to 
publish its own journal. 

According to official claims 
these measures are proving 
effective; not only are alcohol 
sales falling sharply, so too are 
crime and accident figures. But 
there are also reports of a jump : 
in samogon production, and 
sales of spirit-based toilet , wa- 
ters are well up. Several Mus- 
covites were poisoned when 
they drank stolen industrial 
alcohol/ Pensioners earn extra | 
money by joining the long j 
drink queues and reselling the ! 
vodka at a profit while taxi 
drivers and train conductors 
can still be expected to provide 
a bottle at twice the offical 
price. Despite harsh penalties 
for speculators, the laws of 
supply and demand prevail 


From Mr Ian Leigh 
Sir. There is a touching irony 
about your editorial (September 
4), “None above the law." on the 
CND telephone-tapping case. Like 
Mr Justice Taylor, you subscribe 
to Dicey's much-vaunted doctrine - 
of the rule ofiaw. The difficulty is 
that when one looks behind the 
rhetoric the argument becomes 
difficult to sustain. ' particularly 
with regard to the courts’ record 
on national security issues. 

It is correct that in decisions 
such as the CND case and the 
House of Lords ruling in the 
GCHQ case. (1984} SAUER 935, 
the courts have refused to accept a 
blanket ouster of jurisdiction at 
the mere invocation of a threat to 
national security. However, it is 
noticeable that they have sot gone 

further and been prepared to 
probe the issues. Indeed it is 
doubtful whether that is a task to 
which they are either fitted or 
inclined. 

In GCHQ Sir- Robert 
Armstrong's affidavit saved the 
day. despite its seeming implau- 
sibiiity and the lateness of its 
arrival 

In the CND case the Govern- 
ment appears to have got away 
effectively without presenting any 
evidence at alL And what is one to 
make of the model legal direction 
given to the jury at the Ponttng 
trial? Or the Court of Appears 
recent upholding of the injunc- 
tions against The Observer and 
The Guardian (7 ‘he Times Law 
• Report. July 26)? 

Decisions like those in the CND 

‘Thatcher’s children’ 

From Professor Denis Pym 
Sir. The implications of the 
Times/MORV findings (Septem- 
ber 1-3) on the attitudes of young 
people to public life are alarming, 
or are they perhaps just what we 
expected, more data for the appro- 
priate -file? Their apathy and* 
. cynicism are characteristic of peo- 
ple who have given up, older, 
beaten people. They offer to fee 
Britain of tomorrow more of fee 
quiet desperation we bestow on 
them. 

The experiences which make 
the young Old before their time 
must not go unmentioned. These 
include parents who indulge or 
ignore them; schooling which 
reduces the person and teaches 
little of value; the phoney choice 
between a career in trivial jobs and, 
unemployment; advertising that 
deceives; Government agencies 
- which play at caring; the informa- 
tion- -society that makes their 
ignorance inadmissible. 

Suspended between our hollow 
promises and their own doubts, 
young people can do what we, the 
committed, cannot. They can look 
behind The facade of success, - 
efikiency^-profit and the progre ss ' 
of 'this “property-owning 
democracy” to their best fixtures as 
anxious, debt-ridden, -wage or 
salary slaves. Their expectations 
of public life are realistic, but fee 

Cancer in women 

From Mrs Ann Tail, RCN . 

Sir, Your article of August 28, 
“Women to get say in cancer 
surgery”, states, “One in five 
women is likely to contract the 
disease" 

If your correspondent means 
breast' cancer, his figures are 
incorrect Breast cancer in the 
United Kingdom is thought to 
occur in between one in 17 and 
one in 14 women. 

Yours sincerely, 

ANN T ATT, 

The Middlesex Hospital 
Mortimer Street, W 1. 

August 29. 


Insular view 

From Mr Andrew Louth 

Sir, “The universities on this side 
of the Atlantic (only six of them 
older than Harvard”) (second 
leader, September 6). Marburg, 
Tubingen, Bologna. Padua, Sala- 
manca, Valladolid, Paris . . that 
makes seven older than Harvard. 
Sorely The Tima does not think 
that the British Isles, is the only 
place "this side of the Atlantic”? : 

Yours faithfully. - * 

ANDREW LOUTH, 

30 Stockmore Street ' 

Oxford- 

September?. 

Theological colleges 

From the Re r J. N. A. Bradbury 
Sir. Clifford Longley’s column on 
the Church of England's theologi- 
cal colleges (Sept e mber 1) makes 
splendidly provocative reading to 
spice the first day of our new 
academic year. But it deserves 
some reply. 

In this, college, for example, 
none of the staff- are former 
students. The vice-principal is a 
Roman Catholic woman, the New 
Testament tutor is a Methodist 
and I interrupted my 10 years of 
ministry in urban priority areas in 
London for three with the Jesuits 
in the Bronx. So I hardly think we 
deserve .Mr Longley’s accusation 
of wanting to perpetuate a tra- 
ditional party chnrchmanship- In- 
deed I chose to do my present job 
precisely because a theological 
college seemed a good strategic 
place in be contributing to fee 
shake-up and reform in . fee 
Church so many of us enthusiasts 
for fee recommendations of Faith 
in (he dry want to see. 

Had Gifford Longley reported 
on a major international practical 
theology conference held this July 
at fee University of Manchester 
fm sure he would have had to 
observe that some of fee most 
stimulating and progressive writ- 
ing and church strategies are 
coming from Anglican theological 
(alleges. 

There's, plenty to be depressed 


and GCHQ cases allow the ju- 
diciary' to continue to ascribe to 
the rhetoric of the rule ofiaw but 
to empty it of any practical 
consequences. Actions speak 
louder than words. 

I do not suggest that there is 
anything sinister or conspiratorial - 
in sod) judicial behaviour. How- 
ever. there are limitations m the 
nature ofjudicial review itself and. 
arguably, the all-encompassing se- 
crecy behind which security de- 
cisions are taken makes them 
inherently noD-justiciable. 

For all the faults of fee intercep- 
tion of Communications Act 198$ 
(which makes future cases of the 
kind brought by CND impos- 
sible). fee Government seems to 
have recognised the point well 
enough. That is one of fee more 

charitable explanations that can 
be advanced for the secretive 
tribunal constituted under the Act . 
to investigate such allegations. 

The tribunal will not. of course 
give reasons for its decisions and. 
unlike Mr Justice Taylor, it would 
not have had to hear representa- 
tions from CND in public, if at aU. 
It does, however, have fee power 
which he lacked to get at fee 
evidence. This is the reality of the 
secret State, not the rheionc of the 
rule ofiaw. 

Yours. 

IAN LEIGH, 

Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic. 
Faculty of Professional Studies. 
Sutherland Building, 
Northumberland Road. 

Newcastle upon Tyne. 

September 4. 

collective energy to make things 
better can only come from them. 
Yours etc. 

DENIS PYM, 

London Business School 
Sussex Place. 

Regent’s Park. NWl. 

From Mr Declan P. Hughes 
Sir. May I please take issue with 
the feeling that is rampant among 
the “truant constituents" 
(“Thatcher's children'*. Septem- 
ber 3) that “people like me are 
powerless to change things in this 
country” 

There are just as many issues to 
be tackled by today's youth as 
ever. Cynicism is no obstacle. It 
hasn't stopped me from taking 
part in fee world and it shouldn't 
stop anyone else. I now devote all 
my energies to life wider human 
rights area and try to raise money 
to help treat the victims of torture 
world wide who need expert, 
specialised medical treatment. 

If any of these “apathetic.. 

• cynical and disillusioned" youth 
- want to. tty and. help make this, 
country and The- world a better 
place to live in, then they could do 
a lot worse than join me and fee 
many like me who stopped sitting 
on .thejr mental bottoms a long 
time ago. • 

DECLAN HUGHES. Director. 
Anti-Torture Trust. ' 

PO Box 72. 

Maidstone. Kent. 

September 3. 

Shades of racism 

From Professor Antony Flew 
Sir, The Director of the Runny- 
mede Trust (September 4) won- 
ders what question I thought I was 
answering when I said (feature, 
August 21 ) that the “very different 
track records” of different groups 
of non-white immigrants into 
Britain “are in the main to be 
explained by references to dif- 
ferences between (in the broadest 
sense) the culture of these so very 
different groups rather than by 
hostile discrimination or their 
own unequal genetic 
endowments.” 

Surely it should have been, and 
be, clear feat fee question was, 
and is. why these trad; records 
have been, and still are, so very 
different? By specifying that I was 
employing the word “culture” in 
the broadest sense I hoped to 
make dear feat I was referring not 
just to literature, music ana- the 
visual aits but also, and even 
primarily, to all those other non- 
genetic characteristics in respect of 
which one group may differ from 
another' — mating and child- 
raising p refe rences, religious and 
other beliefs, occupational pref- 
erences and other values, aim so 
on. 

Yours faithfully, 

ANTONY FLEW, 

26 Alexandra Road, 

Reading. Berkshire. 

about in our divided and fright- 
ened society. There’s plenty to be 
depressed about in the Church and 
in theological colleges. But the 
good news is that they are one 
□lace you can find a community of 
faith, who are not afraid to 
confront the dark issues of our 
time, who are determined to carry 
forward what humanizes rather 
than reinforce the culture of self- 
interest we now have, and who 
hope, through their vocation to 
ministry, to spend a lifetime 
working alongside local congrega- 
tions ' of the Christian Church 
vigorously to further the ends of 
fee Kingdom of God. 

Yours faithfully. 

NICHOLAS BRADBURY. 
Salisbury and Wells Theological 
College. 

1 9 The Close. Salisbury, Wiltshire. 

Integrated school 

From Ms Belinda Loftus 
Sir. The teachers at our All 
Children’s Integrated Primary 
School are not taking a cm ra 
salary, as reported by Richard 
Ford on September 1. And we 
have so far raised two-feirds of fee 
£100.000 we estimate we will need 
for the schools first year, not the 
full amount. 

Yours sincerely. 

BELINDA LOFTUS (Chairman. 
South Down Education Society). 

1 77 Main Street 
Dandrum. Co. Down. 


A plea to widen 
havens of peace 

From the Right Reverend Lord 
Coggan 

Sir. The whole civilised world has 
been shocked and revolted at the 
news of the massacre of 21 Jews as 
the}- engaged in an act of Sabbath 
worship in their synagogue in 
Istanbul last week (report. 
September 8). 

The links between Christians 
and Jews haw been growing 
steadily stronger in recent years. 
.As chairman of the executive ©f 
the Council of Christians and 
Jews, may 1. through the courtesy 
of your columns, extend to our 
Jewish brothers and sisters an 
assurance of our oneness with 
them in their grief? 

There is something ironic in the 
fact that the name of fee syna- 
gogue m which the atrocity was 
perpetrated is Neve Shalom. “Ha- 
ven of Peace". During a recent 
visit to Israel, my wife and I were 
privileged to visit another Neve 
Shalom, near Jerusalem. It is a 
community dedicated to the 
education of Jewish and Arab 
children together, in an attempt to 
wipe out enmity and to cultivate 
understanding — a noble work 
carried on in difficult circum- 
stances. 

Let us pray that the Istanbul 
tragedy may be used to deepen 
further our determination to work 
together in the cause of justice and 
mutual undemanding, and to 
establish more and more “havens 
of peace” in a torn world. 

Youts faithfully. 

DONALD COGGAN. 

Kingshead House. 

Sissinghuist. 

Cranbrook. Kent. 

September 8. 

A test of wisdom 

From Dr R. A. Buchanan 
Sir, You take the Prince of Wales 
to task (leading article. September 
6) for urging the importance of the 
humanities in higher education. 

ft can hardly be denied that 
there is an urgent need in Britain 
for more people wife skills in 
mathematics and physics to de- 
vise computer programmes and to 
operate the novel hardware of 
modern information technology. 
But fee Prince is surely right to 
remind us of the complementary 
need for fee humane wisdom 
which comes from insights into 
the history and social context of 
modern technology in order to 
give it purpose and direction. 

There is a genuine danger that, 
under pressure of economies, 
universities will sacrifice hard- 
won gains m fee humanities in 
order to meet fee immediate 
needs of fee marketplace. The fate 
over recent years of small "bridge 
disciplines” like the history of 
' science and technology in British 
universities demonstrates the re- 
ality of this danger. 

Lest we come to regret, in fee 
words of T. S. Eliot, “fee wisdom 
we have lost in knowledge”, it is 
time that we started to perceive 
our “information technology” 
within a framework of “wisdom 
technology”. 

Yours faithfully. 

R. A. BUCHANAN. Director, 
Centre for fee History of Technol- 
ogy. Science and Society. 
University of Bath. 

Oaverton Down. 

Bath. Avon. 

September 7. 

Police and public 

From Dr Robert Reiner 
Sir. My talk on policing to the 
British Association (report. 
September 5) did. as you ay, 
describe police relations with 
widening sections of fee public as 
the most conflict-ridden for a 
century, but I emphasised in my 
conclusion that fee leadership of 
our police forces has adopted a 
wide -range of measures in the 
Scarman spirit since 1981. These 
are aimed at restoring public 
confidence. 

Further, many of the changes 
which have denied the benign 
bobby image (such as tougher riot- 
control tactics) are deeply regret- 
ted by most police officers and are 
felt to be a necessary response to 
more violent disorder confronting 
fee police. 

Yours sincerely. 

ROBERT REINER, 

University of Bristol 
Faculty of Law. 

Wills Memorial Building. 

Queens Road. 

BristoL Avon. 

NHS holiday time 

From Sir Leslie Fletcher 
Sir, Mr H. J. Shaw (September 3) 
refers to the difficulties and in- 
convenience caused to him and 
his colleagues by the statutory 
holiday in the National Health 
Service which took place on 
August 20. the day following fee 
Bank holiday Monday. From fee 
other end. i.e., the patient things 
did not look any better. 

At Basingstoke District Hos- 
pital. where 1 reported fora blood 
test at about 9.30 am. I was told 
that fee pathology lab wa$ closed 
for the day. except for emer- 
gencies. The main reception desk 
of fee hospital seemed to be 
unmanned, although a distant 
female voice from behind some 
screen gave an answer to a helpful 
cleaner whom I finally met 
On a. subsequent appearance to 
have fee blood test it was 
explained to me that it was very 
difficull to let everyone know of 
this statutory holiday. 

Surely, it would not be too 
difficult to work a skeleton staff, if 
that is not an inappropriate ex- 
pression. 

Yours faithfully. 

LESLIE FLETCHER. 

33/36 Gracechurch Street, EG3. 
September 3. 


ON Ts. 


SEPTEMBfe- 

Julius Haynau (IT86-, 

Austrian funeral. plt\ 
prominent part in hut c<\ 
defeat of Hungary in thee.- 
1848-49. His ability as a 
commander in the field was . 
marred by hi * brutality and 
sadism. During a visit to London 
he called on September 4 at the 
brewery of Barclay and Perkins in 
Bankxide, where he was attacked 
by the draymen. Pursued by a 
mtlb, he took refuge in the George 
public house, from where he uas 
rescued In’ the police 


THE ATTACK ON 
GENERAL HAYNAU. 

Last night a public meeting, 
convened by 'The National 
Democrats’* was held in 
Farringdon-hall, Snow-hill, for the 
purpose ... of taking into consid- 
eration “the noble conduct of the 
workmen employed at Barclay and 
Perkins's brewery, in having given 
expression to the feeling of detesta- 
tion felt towards the assassin and 
wonum-flogger Haynau. by all true 
Englishmen . . 

Mr. J. PETTIE was called to fee 
chair, and proposed that a Hungar- 
ian should open the proceedings 
with a song. The Hungarian ac- 
cordingly sang, in a stentorian 
voice, fee Italian "Marseillaise" 
which was received with 
applause . ■ . 

Mr W. RUFFY moved a resolu- 
tion— . . .They were met, not only 
to congratulate their fellow-coun- 
trymen in fee employment of 
Messrs. Barclay and Perkins, but 
to make known their abhorrence of 
fee cruelties inflicted on fee sons 
and daughters uf Hungary by that 
inhuman monster General 
Haynau. (Cheers.) What opinion 
must they form uf a Government 
which knew feat it was the 
intention of such a monster to 
pollute their soil and did not 
interpose? The Chartist advocates 
who had been imprisoned had not 
suffered in vain: and. although it 
might be thought by those who 
sucked the working classes tike 
leeches that the principles of 
democracy had not gained ground 
in this country, he feh proud to let 
them learn that those whom they 
called the scum of fee earth, 
caruxille outcasts — such men as the 
brave men in Barclay and Perkins's 
employ (cheers) - knew how to 
treat a monster who could ill-use 
and persecute to the death lovely 
woman. (Groans.) He was glad that 
Haynau had not been sent to “that 
bourne whence no traveller 
returns" — that Haynau lived, 
pronounced a recreant and coward 
fry every man who had a tongue to 
speak — and why? Because this 
monster, when he found himwlf 
surrounded by hordes of assassins, 
could cause men and women to be 
hanged and flogged till the flesh fell 
in. shreds from their bare backs, 
and authorized the infliction of 
cruelties which even devils out of 
Hell could hardly have perpetrated. 
(“The monster!") Had Haynau 
been a breve man. he would have 
said. “I will fight for my life so long 
as I have life..." But this cur 
turned his back on his c h astise r s 
and tike a baby, be cried for 
mercy. • ■ 

Mr. -JULIAN HARNEY, an- 
nounced as fee editor of the Red 
Republican , . . .proceeded to ex- 
press his opinion that it was the 
men who were always bawling 
“Order” feat created disorder in 
Europe. There was a class of 
journals known in the Democratic 
journals as “order-mongers”. They 
were horrified when any demon- 
stration of public feeling occurred 
such as took place the other day on 
the other side of the water ... 

Citizen ENGELS, introduced as 
one who had fought for freedom in 
many lands, and who wore a long 
beard, next addressed fee meeting, 
and assured them that Marshal 
Haynau, having been "Lynched" 
as he had been, having bad a 
broomstick broken on his back — 
having been dragged through the 
streets by his mustachius, had been 
brought into contempt not only 
wife all nations but wife his own 
class. As a German he expressed 
his thanks for what bad been done 
to his countryman . . . 

Mr. BROWN . . . (said] some 
papers said the men at Barclay and 
Perkins's had been hounded on by 
foreigners. They must know that to 
be a Ire. If Haynau had been pot 
into the vat, who would have drunk 
the beer? Had he been thrown into 
the Thames, all the fife would have 
been poisoned . . . Misapprehen- 
sions had gone about wife respect 
to the conduct of the landlord of 
fee George. Haynau asked to have 
some brandy, when the landlord, to 
his honour, said. *TD be d-d if he 
have any brandy betel . . 

After three groans for Haynau, 
and three groans for The 
Times . . .three cheers for Kossuth 
and Hungary, three cheers for tire 
glorious French Revolution, . . . 
and an equal number given, with 
mat enthusiasm, fur Barclay and 
Perkins's workmen, fee meeting 
separated. 

Heat of the moment 

From Mrs Joan M. Bogle r 
Sir. I have been following the 
correspondence about the Vol- 
cano kettle with i merest and in 
particular the letter from Mr J. 5. 
F. Grindtay (September 2). 

When my late husband and I 
crossed the Sahara in 1971 our 
group had two or three well-used 
Volcanos and as dried camel dung 
was in extremely plentiful supply 
we tried it out with excellent 
results. 1 seem to recall that we 
always had a boil going in about 
three or four minutes whether we 

used dung, thorn twigs, small 
sticks or paper — except that the 
latter never consisted of pages of 
The Times. 

Yours sincerely. 

J. M. BaGLEY. 

Catd House. 

Rohais de Haul, 

St Andrew. Guernsey. CL 


12 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1986, 



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Hewlett-Packard Laboratories at 
the Bristol Research Centre is expanding 
its research effort in two key areas, 
computer networking and software 
engineering. 


Other related areas in which we are 
conducting research are: 

• the architecture of distributed 


Computer 

Networking 


systems 
security of distributed systems 
document and message processing in 
distributed systems. 


The Computer Networks Department 
seeks researchers who are challenged by 
the opportunity to investigate, design and 
build the next generation of computer 
networks, and networks capable of 
handling mixtures of traffic including 
voice, image and data from physical level 
to application level. 

We are looking for outstanding 
graduate scientists and engineers with a 
First or Upper Second class degree, MSc 
or PhD and with experience in areas such 
as: 

• tools to help automate the design and 
implementation of protocols 

• new concepts in network management 

• the next generation of integrated 
high-speed local area network. 


Software 

Engineering 


formal application and program design 
software engineering environments 
the mathematics of programming 
functional and logic programming 
applications of Al to software 
development 

looking at software design from a 
cognitive science perspective 
mechanical deduction 
related software engineering fields. 


The Software Engineering 
Department is searching for ways to 
radically reduce the life-time cost of 
owning complex applications software. 
We are exploring the technical basis and 
provision of tools for rigorous software 
development and the use of emerging Al 
technologies in software production. 

We are looking for outstanding 
candidates who hold a First or Upper 
Second class degree, MSc or PhD in 
Computer Science and/or Mathematics, 
preferably with research experience in 
areas such as: 


The Bristol Research Centre 
provides an environment which enables 
people to work at the frontiers of science 
in an international context. We have a 
campus style work environment and have 
attracted engineers and scientists of 
world stature. 

Salaries and conditions are those 
one would expect from a company well 
recognised for its enlightened personnel 
policies. 

If you feel you have the qualities we 
need send a detailed CV, including list of 
appropriate publications, to Geoffrey 
King at the address below. 


Cambridge Recruitment Consultants 

la Rose Crescent, Cambridge CB2 3LL. Telephone: 0223 311316. 



fast movers in 

Distribution 


Accelerate into the 
professional environment 4 ; 
ofa leading finn of Management .J 
Constrttantsbyioiningourrapkfly v /' 

Gnklp.F^je<^rangefromspecifte 
.. hwestn^rt defies to ^walstrate^ JjV 
revfew^frcmi Improving ta / / . . . ........ 

^determining seivice levels. / /. 

Our specifications are rigorous, f ■■ 

We need graduates,aged 26 - 35 , with 


9.1 


exceptional • move fetfre right direction 

talent andan whatfotkhSesdfurf^^ 

• l^eelrdetaitsCincbKifr^stfavflmei'.iir 2 ^ 



A CAREER CHALLENGE 


FPS (MANAGEMENT) LTD 


We have recently expanded into new offices in the city, and are continuing with 
our aggressive expansion programme in London and the South East This is a 
highly rewarding opportunity with excellent promotion prospects in the exciting 
world of finance and investment. 


Essentials are self-motivation, application to hard work, and an ability to absorb 
new ideas rapidly in wide-ranging Reids, including Taxation, Investment Insur- 
ance, Mortgages and Pensions. 

The successful applicants will be ambitious, career-minded individuals, aged 23+. 
For further details phone 01-283-8040 and speak to Susan Toogood. 


FPS (Management) Ltd 
186-190 Bishopsgate * 
London EC2M 4NL 



PRESIDENT 


Trinity College, Oxford 


The Fellows intend to elect a President (either 
a man or a woman) to come into office durixut 
of 1987,r - 


the summer i 


j or as soon as possible 
tbenesfler. 


Farther particulars are available from the 
Vice-Praideat. Trinity College, Oxford, 0X1 
* Y applications is 
15 October If 


Curricula vitae should not be seat when the 
father particulars are requested. 


GRADUATES £10-£12K 

or good ‘A’ levels 


companies who seek young 

wm at leasts 


and 


We work with 

dynamic sate execussns. you may be under 30 

morans experience m a c o mm erc ia l tele-sales or field-sales 
Mwrpnm ent Rewards include a h#i basic salary ptos com- 
(RBstanplus car. First dass trartng and career Owetoomert 
prospects. 


For immediate consideration cat! 
a send CV to Lindsay Haggle 


'THOMAS COOK GR0UP*C0MPUT1NG • MIDLAND BANK 


K levels in ’87? 


INVESTMENT BANKING* 


•■■aall 

CLYDESDALE BANK*FINANCE* 


CD 


UNIVERSITY SPONSORSHIP 

CAREERS WITHOUT FRONTIERS 


m 


x> 




m 




The Midland Group— a combination of successful companies with interests which stretch way beyond Ac traditional bounds ofbanking 
and finance. Businesses for the future— totally committed to p"**®™** - — -■-l. 


< 

CO 

UJ 


xd to preparing today’s young people for tomorrow^ top jobs. 

We offer a special university sponsorship sdierae-gearea to launch bright school-leavers on a high-flying business career: 

2 • One year’s accelerated training with the Midland Group • 3-year BSc Honours business degree at Loughborough or City University • ^460 alkwance each year to top up 

your student grant • Well paid vacation work experience • Wide-ranging career opportunities after graduation • Early responsibility, with rewards geared to performance 

• Long term career prospects to the most 'senior levels. 


Heaotxnd 

. Ok detail, nf 


o 

£ 

8 



Midland Group, Graduate Recruitment Office, Courtwood House, Silver Street Head, Sheffield Si 3RD. 



•a...* u^RamhwacOffice. 


• NORTHERN BANK* RETAIL BANKING* INTERNATIONAL BANKING •FORWARD TRUST GROUP- 


Midland Group 


Sheffidd si 






it 


flat ke 


A 






► 


Polarised light reveals stress patterns in a fey fan assembly and provides an early indication of stress concentrations in new designs. 


just some of the technology 
that keeps our engineers in a class of their own-join us 


Over the past few years we have invested extensively in 
advanced technology in all areas ot design, development and 
manufacturing. We nave created the environment where 
engineers and technologists can develop their skills in either • 
their own particular discipline or, wheretheir expen ence equips 
them, new and different disciplines. 

Whilst our ability to meet the increasingly complex 
engineering challenges, has advanced almost beyond 
recognition we still cherish and retain our traditional view that a 
good engineer is our most important asset 

The Rolls-Royce philosophy - the constant pursuit of 
engineering excellence - continues to win many wide ranging 
orders from leading airlines and airfoncesthroughouttheworid. 
The latest order worth £600m from British Airways reinforces 
confidence in Rolls-Royce and British engineering skills. 

If you have never discussed a career with Rolls-Royce or 
it’s some time since you last took a good look at us then now is 

the time to find out the up to date fects for yourself. 

These are the specific areas where you could contribute:- 

mfchanical electronic, electrical or 

AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING: PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, 
MATERIAL SCIENCES: MATHEMATICS, COMPUTER SCIENCE- 
CONTROL SYSTEMS. 


We are now seeking to make the following appointment s :- 

ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGISTS 

For the developrnent and behavioural understanding/modelOng 
of advanced gas turbine materials and their manufacturing processes. 

AEROTHERMAL TECHNOLOGISTS 

To work in aerothermal technology including: aerodynamics of 
tuitxxnachines or installations; heat transfer and cooling technology; 
computer modelling and computational fluid dynamics; noise; 
combustion. 

CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERS 

To work on the hardware and software design/development of 

electronic/hydromedTanica} control systems. 

DESIGN ENGINEERS 

To work on establishing design definitions of high technology 

engines and components. 


DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERS 

. Fbr development evaluation and certification of 
engines/components. 

ELECTRONIC/MEASUREMENT ENGINEERS 

To work on techniques involving data acquisition and aerothermal 
instrumentation systems, electro-optical and transduction technology. 

PERFORMANCE ENGINEERS 

For performance prediction, analysis, monitoring of engine and 
aircraft performance data ^ 


:J7T»Tn :7 V * d :1 ' i W M ki 


lo perform the analysis, design and programming of technical 
computing systems. 

STRESS/VIBRATION ENGINEERS 

To work in the field of stress analysis, theoretical and 
experimental vibration, engine dynamics, aeroelasticity. finite element 
modelling, component Siting and all aspects of mechanical integrity. 

SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGISTS 

lb work on the development and application of air systems, 
transmission systems and thermal systems technology. 

Applicants, male/femaJe. in addition to an appropriate degree should 
have a minimum of 3 years industrial experience. 

Career progression 

Regular career reviews ensure that those with ability can progress on 
either technical or line management career routes. We also operate 
comprehensive training programmes to Keep up to date with technology. 

Remuneration package 

The salary and terms of employment are very good and geared to attract 
and retain those with ability. Assistance with relocation to the Rolls-Royce 
area of your choice is available. 


Send your full cv including details of any technical specialisation and 
present salary, or telephone for an application form quoting reference T, 
to the location of your first choiceL 











DERBY 

Arthur Rodgers, 
Rolls-Royce pte. 
POBox31. 

Derby DE28BJ 

Tel: 0332 241099 or 241630 


BRISTOL 

Deborah Kn ight 
Rolls-Royce pte, 

PO Box 3. Fitton, 

Bristol BS17QE 

Tel: 0272 795319 or 795040 


ROLLS-ROYCE pic 





12 


THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1986 




GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


THE 

D1 


PagiD- 

Pere 


Challenging and WgWydemartJfingctttlyBcai tdes with open-ended contracts. Scope for 

o toawtoere w i t hin fire re gta^ or woridwM^ 


cveerdavetopnient 


Z m 1 * I I O 


am% TOJECOMMUNICATIONS CONTROL AND 
% milr COMPUTER SYSTEMS SPECIALISTS 

KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA SUBSTANTIAL NEGOTIABLE PACKAGES 

SPECIALIST LM^IUSIKEYELB^RQMCSIRIVHUMKPROJBnSSlSSflXMY OF SUUORMTSBUniniALGRnjP 

Wa invite a ppflc g ftx tt (ram canddates aged 3S+. who ae capable of demonstrating substantial abfity and who must have had at least S years’ 
aianiScaTi experience buh±n tp awaartfeeatllgiowtedtie in special tatecommunteatiorts control afticomwiter systems ton Htia tots 
and hand-war. Any spedafist undaretantfing ot radar and CC7V systems a$ wet as previous owraeas writing experience wB be added advarfeges. 
The selected canddates. who wH work doselymlh a Project DrodOf.wffl ha responsible far flalateg wilh cfiante to gowrrwien t W n lstef level, O&te, 
spedaftaadvisore.8enioffeseatdi groups and other thkd parties weft as ra skl ertcc ra tarim engineers- The amw/Aj eanSAmuty^h^ n^pMo ^ 
gen era ting new Systems concepts ensuring manufacturing date in transferable farm; de si gnin g a ppropriate hardware systems end software 
management schemes; specifying; gaining approvals; negofiafag contracts with equipment and systems suppfers and carrying through to the 
Instalaftn and matetenance of these systems fay the efHdent supervision andoontrol of staff. 

fit toast 25% ouKf-Khgdom travel Should be expected. Essential quafcias are creafoBy. do t o rm inatl on and sefrmotivatkyi. plus the atSty to achieve 
desired goals by acting as an officiant catalyst to nUMacated protects. For these married or singte-stalus assignments. hfaNy attractive salaries and 
benefits packages wB be specify tadored to attract the best spedafist talent avaflabte. Ex-patriata bene»s include free leave passage, toe 
accommodation and education, etc. AppKcaflons in strict confidence under retaranc»TCia013/TTwa be farwanted uMpened to our dtont unless you 
fist companies to which they should not be sent, in a cowering tetter m a ted for the attention of the Secufly Manager CJRA. 


ExceSent opportunity to join an 


adtratnfrigproyan u ncleatflng to a frailer management po sit ion 
within 18-24 months. 


GRADUATE MANAGEMENT TRAINEES IN 
SALES/MARKETING OR PRODUCTION/IMSTRIBUTION 

UK. LOCATIONS £7,7SO-£9,000 

LEADING MmiNADONAi: DRWKS GROUP 

On behaBot our cfiarts. who operate a wetestebfctwd accelerated training schema, we invite appficetens tom graduates. sgad 22-25, Who have already 
emtoriced on a career but now want to join a tester-moving company where personal strengths «*» be recopfeed and developed The successful canddates 
wifi have a short famBerisation period h a ratafl qjflat, fofcwed by a number of tracing poaMons or apecBI a s s l gnmert s along fear chosen career path n 
either satesftnarfceting or pwdttetionWsWiifilontnanBgBiiiani.TWiMdl lead Id a Junior management appototeMH t wttiin 2 years. Hits tofelng ptoganrna. 
taiored to Incfcridual needs, caBs for canddates with abov»-a\rerage Hflafive, reliance and demon s t ra ble commercial flair, together wflh the abctty to 
oonliftwte to the continued success of tee group. Initial safety negotiable £7.750-C9.000 (wife review altar 6 months) + contributory pension, toe He 
assaance-Appficatior B In strict oonfl d flnce^itedBrteterenoe(aW29SnT t to the Managing Director ACP. 


as nr broad smsr, una 


aaiiiTHg— fci 
EQDHWASSBDWCEflll 


MARKETING MANAGER 

West London c£22,000 + car + bonus 

A green-field 

frUmtational organisation opportunity in 

turnover In. excess of £2. 3 GVOtPRIG 

bflllon p.a, and although DyOMwUl^e 

already established in 

office systems, they are now launching an attack on the UK. market 
ftom tneir headquarters in West London. 

Central to this offensive is the appointment of a Marketing 
Managerwhowfll be responsible to the Divisional Manager for 
thecreatkm and implementation of marketing plans and strategies. 

This is an exdtingopportunfty which coincides with an expansion 
of ourcQent's total product spectrum to satisfy a range of office 
requirements from copiers to business graphics systems. 

If you know the market (and we are loo Wngfor at least 5 years 


wffl know it is a tough one to crack. 

You wiD know that taking on this newly created iob wQl require 
peat ddH plenty of Innovation and a lot ofhard work. Ifyou have 
me quaffles we are seeking, you wm recognise the scale of 
challenge and opportunity whfch this position presents. 

Formore information, telephone Ronnfe Flax on 01-240 9555 
or write to him enclosing full career details at Deansgate 
ManagementServices, 112 St Martins Lane, London WC2N4AZ. 

DEANSGATE 

MANAGEMENTSERVICES 

ADVERTISING -SEARCH -SELECTION 
A DIVISION OF WHITES BUU HOIKES 
LONDON AND MANCHESTER 


You may be in the wrong job. have unfulfilled ambitions or have beat made redundant 
Our individually tailored, guaranteed programme for senior executives will ensure that 
you attain your career objectives quickly. To arrange a free, confidential discussion 
telephone 01-631-1110 

Executive Action 

37 Queen Anne Street.. LondonWlM 9FR 


London 
Subsidiary of 
International 
Financial Group 
seeks Credit 
Manager 
responsible for 
credit policy, 

[ credit 
assessment, and 
liason with head 
office credit 
committee. 
Extensive 
knowledge of the 
international 
financial market 
and international 
financial 
companies 
essential. 
Experience of in 
depth analysis of 
the UK, US, and 
Australasian 
financial and 
associated 
groups is also 
required. 

Package around 
£30,000. 
Please apply in 
writing to 
BOX J37. 


adhuostbator/pa 

£7.gom5BB|B 
+ stores to campwr. 
WiiawagadinreinaaiWtai 

sssssORS 


7051.5*1*9 

MIL assteug " 

diafnno duos. 
fnS« speed * « 

yns 01 M**» » 

i reairei - ^ 

Tha sliwgifeg 
wry oMfe 


ACHIEVERS 
FOR COMPUTER 
SOFTWARE SALES 

Burford, an established and expanding 
international Software House seeks 2 people 
for their London Office and a third for one of j 
their overseas offices. 

Successful applicants will have account 
responsibility for existing nominated clients i 
as well as development of new accounts. { 

Applicants should have a good education and ! 
a sound knowledge of business, particularly 
in one of the following areas * Accounting. : 
General Banking, Bond Dealing. The 
applicant must have a proven sales record. 

Salary package in excess of £30K in toe first 
year. 

Send CV to L. McLeod at 
Kent House 

aa Burford 

Tefc 01-439 6363 


Recruitment 

Executive 

fnegotfahtewb^andbtnefitapackagE 

If you are currently workmgmafast moving 
commercial or professional environment. then 
Law Personnel, have an opportunity foryou to 
develop your talent in the selection and 
introduction of legal personnel 

Probably aged up to 35and with a sharp 
organised mind you should bea good 
communicator and have the confidence in 
dealing with clientsandcandidatesatali levels 
within the legal precession. 

An excellent remuneration package, 
negotiahie depending on age end experience, 
is available. 

Forfuither information please telephone, in 
strict confidence. Mack Dinshaw, to discussa 
brightfuturewith Law Personnel 


BBM-568 3576. IHflfc 887374- FAX Itt 81-258 85B1 

arr-P1£A8ETa irtWL 01-628 753B 

KENSINGTON H0USIN6 TRUST 
1 seeks a 

I FINANCE 




Salary: £17, 000-E1 8,500 p.a. 

dependiig an quaRffcatioas 
and experience 

Kensington Housing Trust is a major London 
housing association, providing more than 
2,000 homes in West and Centra) London, it 
seeks a Finance Manager to head a depart- 
ment of six staff, based at toe Trust’s offices 
In North Kensington. The Finance Manager 
also advises the Trust’s Director and Commit- 
tee of Management on financial issues and b 
a member of the management team. 

Suitable candidates wfit have considerable 
experience in accounting and finance, and 
possibly a relevant professional qualification. 
They will also have experience of manaana 


They whl also have experience of managing 
staff, and must be good communicators, will- 
ing to work with senior managers from other 
professional disdpfines. 

For further details and an appfication form 
please contact 

HA CAS Recruitment 
2 Hertslet Road 
London N7 6PL 

Telephone: 01-609 9491 

Completed applications should be returned to 
HACAS Recruitment who are advising the 
Trust on this appointment by Monday, 29th 
September 1986. 


OIL INDUSTRY 

SENIOR MARKETING ANALYST 

EXCELLENT NEGOTIABLE SALARY 

An opportunity has arisen within the HO of a 
Petroleum Company based in prestige offices 
in Central London for a Market Analyst ex- 
perienced in toe European Industrial Retail 
and Speciality Markets, providing advice and 
reports to evaluate, co-ordinate and control 
the Companys European Operations. 
I den fifing weakeness’ and strengths, pricing 
developments and market opportunities. Age 
is not as important as indepto Market Analy- 
sis experience and consideration will be given 
to suitable candidates who have taken early 
retirement Excellent neg salary. 


C-V. f s to R Stockton MD 
STOCKTON ASSOC 
RECRUITMENT CONS 
29 Glasshouse St, W1. 
01-734 8466 


ALWAYS INTERESTING 
Earnings of c £13 f 000pa 

Today you could be interviewing a candidate, 
meeting a client writing advertising copy, 
congratulating a candidate on being offered a 
job, arranging another interview, taking de- 
tails of another job. Tomorrow may be very 
efifferenti That is the job of one of our Consul- 
tants and it could be yours- It is challenging, 
frustrating but never boring with the 
opporuntfy to earn a top basic salary and 
excellent bonus. 

if you are in your early twenties, ideally edu- 
cated to degree level and interested in 
working for Reed Computing in Central Lon- 
don or sunrounding areas, send a full CV, 
including a contact telephone number to: 

STEPHEN HOOKE, GROUP MANAGER, 
REED COMPUTING LTO. 

192 BISHOPSGATE, 

LONDON EC2M 4NR. 

Tafc 01-283 6904 


AGENT REQUIRED 

For well established Film/VkJeo Production 1 
Company specialising in promotional, mar- 
keting and training programmes. The 
company has a list of nationally known cli- 
ents. The successful applicant should be 
capable of introducing new business. 

Remuneration will be based on results. 

Reply to BOX J07 


RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS/ 
HEADHUNTERS 


aSS I jhw'Persoimel ps£asss;au» 

consultancy. Ft* W™ng 


SSSS5S 

Svhwtb ui7 w« Coat Wert 
0X2 8LP- B»n g d ay aed 
afepAone wnDns. 


sdaasts to ttw legal profession worldwide. 
AUwydl, LWtfW WCZB4JF B1-24212B1. 
evenings [9-10prn)01-204 5819. 


teB Acopurtancy/Fmanciai consultancy. FuU training 
given if required with exceflent career p rospects. 

Contact David Brett on 01-629 3555 


LANDFILL OPERATIONS & MARKETING MANAGER 


Browning-Ferns Industries, Inc., one of the world’s largest waste .^^^ ^^Ifbsidiary. This 
position available for a Landfill Operations and Marketing international travel, 

highly visible position will be based in London but will require extensive 
Qualified candidates must be able to demonstrate the following 

1. 3-5 years landfill operating experience; 

2. Ability to develop new sites for waste disposal; 

3. In-depth knowledge of the hydrogeological area that are required to be a res 

Sitting new landfills and acquiring exisiting landfills; 

4. Ability to effectively manage the operations, engineering, equipment maintenan 
environmental compliance at the Company's landfills;. 

5. Must possess strong communication skills and be willing to travel. 

We offer an excellent salairy and benefits package. For immediate consideration send a resume 
to:- 

Mrs. Julie Bryan 

Browning-Ferris Services (U.K.) Limited 
79 Knightsbridge, 

London SW1A 7RB 

United Kingdom. — 


WEST BIRMINGHAM 
HEALTH AUTHORITY 

GENERAL 

MANAGER- 

GENERAL ACUTE AND 
MATERNITY SERVICES UNIT 
Salary c. £30,000 p.a. (under review) 

Medical sutffwfll be remunerated in accordance with 

nationally-agreed terms. 

The Authority seeks to appoint a Unit General 
Manager with a proven record of achievement. The 
successful candidate’s background may be within the 
National Health Service, elsewhere in the Public 
Sector or in private industry, but bc/sbe must show 
evidence of ability to manag e a large and complex 

organisation. • 

The appointment will be for a period of up to five 
years in the first instance. The contract will be re- 
newable on an annual basis thereafter and subject to 
performance review. 

For farther information please contact Brian Jarvis, 
Director of Personnel West Bgnringham Health 
Headquarters, 




Occupational 


Manchester 

package up to £25,000 including a car 

PA Personnel Services 

R\ Personnel Services, a pushing back still further the 

highly successful business frontiers of current assessment 

w ithin the international PA knowledge and practice while 

consulting group, provides remaining totally aware of 

more services in more countries clients' commercial needs. 


04*0 




for the recruitment. 


We are seeking a lively 




:o; vi # j ;vr 


development and retention of person to join us in Manchester 

managerial staff than any who will assist clients in every 


3 A 


compel 

Our 


andwell- 


' pan of the public and private 
sectors. This new opportunity, 


date for 
tptenber. 


of completed applications: 


West Birmingham Health Authority 
is an equal opportunity employer. 


RECRUnMENT 

CONSULTANTS 

CENTRAL SOUTH & SOUTH EAST LONDON, 

£NEGOTIABLE ~ 


Accountancy Personnel, Britain’s 
leading consultancy in the specialist 
recruitment of accountants and their 
staff, has a proven policy of continued 
expansion through the training and 
development of its consultants, 
providing unrivalled career 
opportunities with widely varied and 
challenging responsibilities. To join one 
of our successful professional teams, 
you should be 21-28, self-confident 
educated to degree level arid preferably 
have an accountancy or commercial 
background. 

Contact tke personnel manager on: 

01-41286004 

Accountancy Personnel • 

1 Glen House, 

Stag Place, 
London/SWlE 5AA. 


established Psychometrics which offers excellent 

practice, with an enthusiastic development prospects, will 

team of professionals based in appeal to those, probably aged 

Birmin gham , Manchester, 28-40, who have a post- 

PriiTihii-rg h ami lapfen, hay graduate qualification in 
achieved a reputation for occupational psychology and 

excellence in die versatility, e x p eri ence of providing a 

quality and range of solutions it professional service to senior 

tailonnakes to meet specific management, 

diem requirements in The remuneration package 

selection, counselling and is geared io experience and 

development of individuals and ' qualifications and appropriate 
working groups. - - benefits indude relocation 

This rapidly developing assistance if needed.. . 

centre of ex c ell e n ce is~ - ' Initially, please send a 

firmly commitiedto. . | . fnHcv,induding 


profitable growth, to 

maintaining in hi g h 

standardvandto . 


£1 


current salary details, 
in complete confidence, 
to Dr Lynda Gratron. 


PA Personnel Services 


EteaniveSearch-Sekaim-Piychorncatt'ItemuncTanon 
& Personnel Consultancy 


Hyde Pari: House, 60ft Knightsbridge, London SW1X 7LE. 
Teh 01-235 6060 Telex: 27874 


esin 


•V rrTTrry T tt t t t ‘w ry 


XT 


NATIONAL 

THEATRE 













International NGO seeks 

U.N. ADMINISTRATOR 

(Freelance) 

3 days a week. Fluency in En- 
glish, French and Spanish 
required, English mother 
tongue preferred. Own typing. 

Please ring: 01-242 1601. 


Germany 

For these civilian posts you must be a British or Common- 
wealth dozen and have a good general education, with 
competence in German, both written and oral, preferably to 
degree or equivalent standard. 

Service liaison Officexs negotiate with the German 
Authorities to enable the British Forces Germany to live and 
train in Germany. You should be aged at least 35 and under 52 




administrative system, and die British and German Armed 
forces. Salary starting at £LLOOO rises to £15,990. Refi G/700L 

Intel li gence Officers collect, evaluate, and present 
information required for defence. You should be aged at least 
23 and have a general knowledge of military affair * and 
experience in one of die Services, preferably on intelligence 
or security dudes. A working knowledge of an East European 
language, particularly Polish, would be an advantage. Salary 
sorting ar £8045 rises to £10,815. Promotion prospects 
Refi G/70G2. - 

for all posts a tax-free Foreign Service Allowance is 
payable- 

forfurtber details and application formfs) (to be returned 
by 10 October 1986) write to Civil Service Commission, 
Room 516. Alcncon Link, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB.' or 
telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service 
operates outside office hours). Ifyou wish to apply in both of 
cbese lecrumnent schemes, please ask for, and complete, a 
separate application form for each. Please quote the 
appropriate reference^). 

The CSvg Service is an equal opportunity employer 


Ministry of Defence 



CAMPAIGN DIRECTOR 

Fight For Sight, formed in 1965. is to mount a Special 
Building Fund Appeal to finance man qfi the redewf- 

r em of the Institute if Opthalmology Condon so 
research into blindness can be more effectively 
advanced. 

An enthusiastic, hant-woriunc. responsible, e xp erienced find- 
rawer is required. 

Ii a intended Uut [he appointment shook! run for two seats 
ato a preliminary ptriod erf ftmr months. Continuation there- 
after may be oosstdered. 

Sabo U> be negouaied. will haw regard to previous experi- 
ence and the results required. 

Farther afomatiM tiam (be Seererery. Fbfe ferSrtti. •fedd 
Street London WC1H 9QS to kIm napb e n ti ann. aueamun- 
med hj a foU c.r~ sboeMbe sent fa 3Vt> *ityrrnihrr. Wli. 


ales/Marketing Executi 

c£13,000 


^ kcy ' 
Contact, at the first instance, Mr Geoffrey Nash an 01-437 1014 

M acB jain 

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THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1986 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


Computer 


CRjUI 


TlMEiNT 


SPONSORED BY 


IN ASSOCIATION WITH 'IBM COMPUTER TODAY & COMPUTER TALK 

12-13 September 1986 Novotel, Hammersmith, London 


juiau vacancies 

for experienced DP and communications professionals 


Meet the leading employers of DP and 
communications professionals face to face 
Discuss vacancies on the spot with the DP 
professionals responsible for recruitment 

Vacancies in all salary ranges 

The majority of vacancies are for staff with 

more than 2 years experience 

| Exhibitors include ^ 


ict 


Citibank Savings 




Opening horns 

FYiday 12 September 1986 

1030-1930 

Saturday 13 September 1986 
1030-1700 

Novotel is 3 minutes from 
Hammersmith tube station 

Organised by INTRO UK Limited. 
Ciays Rind House. Crays Rand. 
Reading, Berkshire RGB 7QG 
Telephone 0491 681010 


REDIFFUSION 

Simulation 


. triad southern electricity 
BIS swfae Prudential Computing ration Li] 


B-A-Apic 


Wfm 



BBB 


The 

Morgan 


CSC Bank 


FIREMAN'S FUND 

SYSTKMS KNTKRnuSES INC. 




National 
Vlfestnwister 
IWBank PLC 




Information Technology 

I MAJffUEACnJHEHS 
? HANOVER 


ITL 


Hormatkm 

Technology 

Limited 


=#=SPER^Y 


Computer Sales Consultants 

London HQ, c£3 8k Package + Car + Stock Options 

Our client is a public comply and the . existing business within the profession and 

leading supplier of computer systems to die • associated markets. A background in 


. accountancy profession with over 1400 v 
multi-user iriSallations and .a rapidly 
growing diabase in the commercial, 
financial sectors. Manyiof their clientsam t . • 
currently upgrading to the company’s new_ 
generation ofUivix based Systems.' ” " "" 

To meet this increasing demand, the. . - 

sales team for the SouthEast is'set to. 

expand and the need is for mature sales 
executives to develop both new and 

_JLIoyd 

Cha pman 

=== =BB I Associates 


. accountancy is essential, as isat least two 
years’ experience in sales or in running yoiir 
own business. "■■■ 

You will haveihe confidence and ‘ 
personal credibility to work at senior level, 
and will be looking for a professional 
environment in which your career and 
talents can flourish. 

To apply, please telephone or write to 
Brian Burgess quoting Refi CM 050. 

International 
Search and Selection 

160 New Band Street London WtYOHR. 
telephone: 01 -409 1371 


COMPANY 

SECRETARY 

Brantham, Essex 
c.&22,000 + car 

The pending retirement of our Company Secretary creates the 
opportunity for an alert Chartered Secretary to pickup the rein 
at Wardle Storeys. 

An &80m-tumover manufacturing-based company, we were 
successfully floated in 1984 and recently concluded ttfe 


acquisition, we are anxious to maintain the calibre of our Head 
Office team located at Brantham, midway between Colchester 
and Ipswich. - - 

Ibis is an exdting, eventful and often stressful job: Aged 28-35, 
your valid experience in the full range of company secretary 
duties should preferably include some exposure to pubnc 
company requirements. Above afl, we look for initiative, a robust 
style, and stamina. 

The total remuneration package should prove attractive and 
indudes reasonable relocation costs where appropriate. 


NEWCASTLE 

7 fUNDER-OME 

/ \51AFTORD5HRE 

f66\ 

DIRECTOR OF TECHNICAL 
SERVICES 
SALARY SCALE 
£21,066 - £23,166 p.a. 
FLOS ESSENTIAL CAR 
ALLOWANCE AT PRESENT 
£1,354 p.a. 

(Pay award pending) 

The present Director Is due to retire on the 31st January. 1987 
and appBcatiORS are now invited tor this Important management 
posL 

The Director is a member ot the Chief Officers' Management 
Team and wffl be expected to pty a fuB part in policy 
consideretion. 

Newcastle re ■ progressive Authority wfth a dynamic attitude 
towards service provis ion , particubriy in the fields of industrial 
and co m mercial development. 

The Department offers a full range of professional sendees, 
totaling QvD Engtoarinn. ArcHteteure. Quantity Surveying and 


Please send full cv in confidence, or telephone John Band, 
Personnel Director, Wardle Storeys Pic, Brantiiam Works, 
iSSSigSe^SsexCOll 1NJ. Tel: 0206 392401. 


EXECUTIVE PA 

High-Tech in Glorious Gwent _ 

You know ail about running a business office. 

.You can manipulate spreadsheets, write press. - 

releases, organise sales trips and maybe speak 

a language pr two. Having a good degree aid . 

more drive than some of the managers you see 
around, it's time you worked at a higher level 
You are a sympathetic discussion partner and 
want to be in on the big'deeisions. Yew have and - 
you appreciate style, diplomacy and integrity. 

You drive well and you don’t smoke. Ever. 

The company makes advanced business 
equipment, is young, growing and export fed. 

The MD needs your help to keep ft tepperar® . 

Write to him now. 

Percell Group Ltd, Lee Way. Newport 
Gwent NP90SL 

■■MPERCELL 6R0IIP 


WHICH CAREER 
SUITS BEST? 


1 15-34 yrc Comps. Cm 
.2S-3+ yic; Regress, Pongs* 
3W4'ps Rnto.bd Cwnte 

FUB dabs to Its* brectxoK- 

• •• CARER ANALYSIS 
ZZZ aoaouxs* Place 
••• 01-8353452 tZAhte) 


Applicants must be prufessianafly qualified in at least one of the 
above rDsdpftw and have wide Pubfic Sector experience in 
senior management, preferably in a mtetHlisciptmary department 

AppflcaBoM, In tea nHWiIrt own wtyla togtahar wRh An 
areas m aMrmn et bn ratines, sbetad bone! to New. 
■May 2BNr SepSambar USB. to tea OM BmaBn and 
Director ef Ftaoca, CM! Offlcm, Mental Strata, Nswcadta, 
Staffed STS 2AQ. (TlL 07S2 618161). H h «n*elp*fel test 
interviews wtt be beta during tbt tetri* el Wednstay.ni 
October 1086. 

Temporary housing a ccom m odtak m will be provided. If required. 
Phase ring Mr. Owen, Chita Executive (ExL 101} or Mr. Dodd, the 
current Director (Ext 391), if you wsh to discuss the vacancy 
informally. 

Canvassing wll lead to immeditaB disqualification of tee 
appfeadon. 


MARKETING DIRECTOR 

Marketing Director sought for two-year-old Aviation 
Ekolccrage/Suppfy Company which specializes in 
commertial/taoeral aviation brokerage and makes a 
two-way market in OMTmieimVgeneral/niilhary avia- 
tion spares in Europe, North America and ibe Third 
World. Company is a subsidiary of a leading interna- 
tiooal in vestment and merchant banking group, 


CHANGE Of MRECTWI 

The could he your oppbnurety. « 
wu toe m London » tea Home 
Counnes. we 25B5 husness 
acumen. *e wtt mta you tor « nm 
career with Brian's mating com- 
pany oi (hg fmancal swvtcw 


par farther (ptonn aN on ring: 
Bob Squires 
01-242 4260. 


providing diversified services rod tiding banking, trade 
financing, export trading and consulting. 

Applicants should have 10-15 years of relevant sales and 
marketing experience in the aviation industry, and a 
proven record of dynamic performance. French and/or 
Portuguese Language skills highly desirable. UK base. 
Compensation commensurate with experience, and ex- 
cellent incentive bonuses p&d .for successful 
performance. Please send detailed CV in confidence to 
Equator Aviation Services. 108 Charter Oak Avenue. 
Hartford. Connecticut 06106 LLS.L, Attention Laura 

Knvanagh. 


■ £ * tvs i ‘ ^ • ; r r !TT , '~' 


ities - defined 








,1 . , > ‘ . ...t .... • . . * 

& lybrand Associates, 
mpcehensive iange of services to 
ateam of top-level consultants 


’I of financial systems , to 

and. analysis. 

of increasing demand 
seeking additional consultants to 

J y ^ team. 

-^qperi^ce,; iJifyeefiens, n. having obtained a degree 
probably a post-graduate business or accounting 
. LV" • qualification, you will be a senior financial manager in a 
^ " blue-chip industrial company or possibly financial director 
f .or a subsidiary. 

^ exceptloiial, efa~cep y shvn% adj. you will be an effective 

accustomed to dealing at board level, and 

^ . . ' > ' ■: ’tf -i-L iL : * v « 1 - - i *.a : 




Af:** T^r ■ ■-.‘i’ 




Vi ■ "X 


eforpek*td’$hun$, n. a salary up to £30,000 
y ; : cai; po^iibly higher in the case of more experienced 

; ; applicants, vg^eat expectations, unlimited opportu- 


are available in both London and 

' Vv '•••' 

by sending your career 
.fele|bjbne nuznber quoting reference 
Ebopess & lybrand Associates, 







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4 -:. .* ; , '/ *•<; >•;. ^ ; . . , ■ • 
j|f Vfy . , ’.J ■„ - ■ ... 


ARE YOU AT THE CROSSROADS 
OF YOUR CAREER? 


Very often, executives and other fe?* 

professional people contemplate ; 
a change right in the middle ^=2^3)1 
of their career. 

Most often their reasons 
for this are a general dissatisfaction with their 
present career and the belief that they could 
and should be doing better. 

Chusid Lander is a group of specialist 
career consultants who for many years have 
been helping people earning £15,000 a year, 
or more, to get better jobs - whether they are 
currently in a job, unemployed or facing 
redundancy. 

VUe have turned pessimism into 
optimism, failure into success and 


jaded Executives into highly 
successful people earning very 
much more - and we can prove it. 
For many years, we have been 
guiding people in the right 
direction - now it's your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential 
personal assessment, without obligation, or 
write to.- The Administrator, Chusid L anaer, 

Ref: G/9/i 35/37 Fitzroy Street, London 

W1P 5AF - enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 001-2280089 

BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 
BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 

0 CHUSID LANDER 


Diocesan 

Secretary 

Diocese of Chelmsford to £24,000 


The Diocese of Chelmsford, 
one of the Church of England’s 
largest dioceses, seeks anew 
Secretary to succeed David 
Newman who retires at the end 
of the year. The post involves 
acting as Chief Executive of the 
administrative unit ai the . . 
diocesan offices, servicing 
committees and sharing the 
management of the diocese as a 

member of the 

Bishop’s staff group. wre 

Candidates, ideally ■ ] 

aged. 55 or under, 
should combine W| 

Christian commitment 


and vision with relevant 


administrative skills- The post 
could well suit a senior 
executive who is looking for a 
worthwhile second careen 
Salary is negotiable within the 
range £18, ®)0 to £24,000, 


the pension scheme and renrement ■ 

eseasa at age 65. 

Please telephone or 
write for an application 
■ a ^ form or send brief 
career details to 

Ilf Peter Greenaway, 

M A N. Ref: AA51/9995/CEN. 


ximbine ■ Peter Greenaway 

n commitment Ref: AA51/9995/CEN. 

PA Personnel Services 


Exeacdtse Search -Selection -l 
. & Personnel 


- Raimneradon 


Hyde Park House, 60a Kirightsbridgc, London SW1X 7LE. 
Tel: 01-235 6060 IUck 27874 


APPOINTMENTS CONTINUED ON PAGE 29 


SALES AGENTS - 
HOLIDAY TIMESHARE 

We are a Swiss company engaged in the 
development and marketing of holiday 
timeshare accommodation throughout 
Southern Europe. Our programmes are 
linked to an international exchange 
organisation which gives access to 
kolidays worldwide. 

We wish to appoint sales agents to 
represent us locally throughout the 
country. You are likely to he self 
employed ond already involved in the 
holiday or travel business. If you hove 
experience of timeshare this will be of 
particular interest to us. 

In return we can offer you the support 
of our experienced worldwide 
marketing organisation with an 
established UK base and the 
opportunity ' to enjoy high earnings 
without any capital contribution. 

Please reply in writing setting oat your 
relevant experience to: 

Sunland Residences, 
Riverside House, River Lane, 
Sattncy, CHESTER CH48RQ. 


RESEARCHER/ORGANISER 

For w all-party committee ot parttamenuriau and 
others with an interest in foreign affairs. Salary £7,700. 
Send C.V. to 

The Secrrtaiy, Flat D, Hartley Lodge, 111 Honor Oak 
Park, London $£23. 

Closing dale 18th September. 


r A 







i iiiviEd liiurlSiy^^ acr t icivigJ&K 1 1 l>oo 

| Sdeace report 


COURT AND SOCIAL Drugs ‘disarm 5 cancer cells 


f^fXT Ty T and then attended the Industry 

w U XV JL Year Exhibition “Sheffield Can 

C'TDf'TTT A n Make It” in Cutlers’ Hall, 
HJ\vU L/\Xv Sheffield. Later, as Patron of 
RAJ Mnc ., ,-»cnE Endeavour Training, His Royal 

BALMORAL CASTLE Highness visited GZenbrook 

September 10: Mrs John House, Bamfond, Derbyshire. 
p»tgdale has succeeded Lady His Royal Highness, who 
Susan Hussey as Lady-in- Wait- travelled in an aircraft of The 
ing to The Queen. Queen's Flight, was attended by 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE s,r Ricbard Buddey. 

September 10: The Princess . 


Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips at- 
tended one day of the Olympic 
Yachting, organized by the 
Royal Yachting Association at 
Weymouth, Dorset. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 


The Princess of Wales, patron, 
the National Hospitals for Ner- 
vous Diseases, will visit the 
National Hospital. Queen's 
Square. London, and wen the 
Harris Intensive Care Unit on 
October I. 


Her Royal Highness was re- Hams Intensive Care Unit on 
oeiyed upon arrival by Her October I. 

Majesty’s Lord- Lieutenant for princess Anne. President of the 
Dorset (The Lord Digby) and R oya j Bath and West and 
the Chairman Royal Yacbhng Southern Counties Society, will 
Association Council (Mr Mi- attend the South Western Dairy 
ehael Evans). Show on October 2. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 

Phillips, attended by Mrs Mai- The Duke and Duchess of York 
colm Wallace, travelled in an will attend the opening of the 
aircraft of The Queen’s Flight. West Scheldt flood barrier by 

YORK HOUSE iMKR-? '** NethectandS 

ST JAMES’S PALACE on October 4. . 

September 10: The Duke of Princess Anne will be admitted 


Women of the Year 
Lnncheon 

The Princess- of Wales will 
attend die 1986 Women of the 
Year luncheon, in aid of the 
Greater London Fund for the 
Blind, at the Savoy Hold on 
October 27. Mrs Coretia Scott 
King will be present and speak 
as international guest of honour. 
The other speakers mil include 
Miss Kate Adie. 

The president of the luncheon 
is the Marchioness of Lothian, 
the chairman is Mis Susan $haw 
and the vice- presidents are the 
Countess of Airlie, Mis Edna 
Healey and Miss Virginia Wade. 

Birthdays today 

Professor Norman Ashton, 73; 
Sir Austin Bide, 71; Mrs Justice 
Booth, S3; Sr Bernard Fei Wen. 
67: Lord Gibson-Watt, 68; Mr 
Erao Goldfinger, 84; Sir Barrie 


Scientists in Britain and the 
United States are now 
experimenting with drags 
which turn cancer cells into 
normal ones that ultimately 
wither and die. 

The approach Is different 
from conventional chemo- 
therapy in that the aim is not 
to kOl the cancer cells, but 
simply to disarm them. What 
distinguishes them from nor- 
mal cells is that they never 
mature. 

They cany on growing and 
proHferating beyond the point 
where they should adopt a 
specific role within the body. 
In this “rampant” state, cells 
are termed “undifferentiated”. 
What the new class of drags 
appears to do is to tarn them 
into cells which lire ont a 
normal span, die and are 
flashed from the body. 

The research is at a very 


By Andrew CogUan 

The chemicals being used 
are like tiny batteries, with one 
end of the drug molecule 
positively charged, the other 
negatively. Why molecules of 
this kind pot a halt to in- 
discriminate cefl gro wt h and 
transform cancer cells is still a 

mystery. 

The leading at 

present is a chemical called 
hesamethyiene 

or HMBA for short. Dr David 
Van Echo, a pharmaceutical 
researcher at University Hos- 
pital, Baltimore, Maryland, 
has tried tire, drag on 30 
patients. • 

He describes the results so 
far as “encouraging”. Particu- 
larly striking, be says, is that 
effective doses correspond 
closely with what was pre- 
dicted from laboratory 
experiments. 

If too moch drag is admin- 


most, bat not all the cancerons 
tvlK into normal ones. 

For that reason, he believes 
that the drags may-have to be 
used in conjunction with can - , 
ce nJriUmg agents, otherwise 
the condition could reccnr. 

“-However, the amount of, 
chemotherapy needed to fight j 
the cancer will be ranch lower 
than usual”, be says. 

In Britain, researchers sup- 
ported by the Imperial Cancer 
Research Fond at Aston j 
University and at the Western 
General Hospital in Edin- 
burgh are studying the same 
dass of “anti-differentiating" 
agents. 

. They me looking not only at 
leukaemias, perhaps the easi- 
est to study, but cardnomas, 
tiie solid tumoras that make 
np almost 90 per cent of all 
cancers- 

They caution that progress 
win be slow, but are hopeful. 


OBITUARY 

PROFESSOR ROBERT 
SHACKLETON 
Doyen of Montesquieu scholars 

Professor Robert ShacUe- in «* 

ton, fSA FBA, office of Bodley's Li- 

then. briSn fell vacant in 

w J i eS? Prnfessor of ShacUeton was ekrrtcd. His 
Marshal Foch Pw^^ o* fi rel years there were filled 

"SAKVa. sink died with activity concerning (Ham 


7ft. e;I ..... : ~v- “ “ - J — iuhui tuuj to nui ot aiwn, uui 

slv 3 ^ v^J r earij stage and the scientists istered, the snbjects suffer Dr Simon langdon, oae of the 

iSfehJ wTfor ^SdSdSS taro little Mea how the drags from sid^ffects, indadins Edinburgh team, says^We 
32: Sir Patrick Mayhew Qc’ »ey are osmg work. Tnafe so nausea, nervousness and are- not looking fora miracle. 


Kent Vice-Chairman of the 
British Overseas Trade Board, 
today opened a new tractor 
plant for CASE IH in Doncaster. 

Forthcoming 

marriages 

Mr J-S. Bmuford 
and Miss S.L- Marks 
The engagement is announced 
between James, second son of 


to the court of the Lo liners’ 
Company as an assistant and 
have luncheon with the court at 
Barbers' Hall on October 6. 

Mr KA. Pape 

and Miss EJJL. Macphenoo 
The engagement is announced 
between Kevin Pope, 1st Battal- 
ion. King's Own Scottish Bor- 
derers. eldest son of Mr and Mrs 
G. Pope, of B redo ns Farm, 
Banket. Zimbabwe, and Emma, 


the law MrJJd. Branford and of eider daughter of Mr and Mis 
?!L^5 S!l? LR. Macpherson, of Fenn Rum, 


Sussex, and Sharon Lisa, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs David 
Webster, of Copthome, Sussex 
Mr DA. Gain 
and Miss EM. Lepton 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs A.B. Cain, of St Neots, 
and Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
of Mrs S.M. Lupton. of 
Bramhope. Leeds, and Mr A.P. 
Lupton. of Brighouse. 

Mr D.R. Davis 
and Mbs D. Levinson 
The engagement is announced 
between Derek, son of Mr and 
Mrs Stanley Davis, of Malta, 
and Diana, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Ellis Levinson, of Chelsea, 
London. 

Mr PJ. Goode 
and Miss JJF. Gay 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL only son of Mr 


near Sudbury, Suffolk. Thomson. Eleanor Bame, 

Mr RJH. Pullvook £ hio . e Sa A c £* r ' SnmMtfm 

ami Mbs V A. Bodkin Mairan, Alice Polk, Rosie 

The engagement i$ an nounced Garth wane, Charlotte 
tawmiteinrvffliZZrf Hammerbeck, Rosie Langton, 
Mr and Mrs Roger Pul brook, of 
the Isle of MiTacd virgioia. £"■ 


MP. 57; Surgeon Vice-Admiral 
Sir Robert Panckridge. 85; Sir 
Francb RundaD. 78; the Right 
Rev -John Taylor, 72: Mr Roger 
Uttley, 37. 

ton Grey, of Mr Peveril Bruce 
and Miss Minna Mills. The Rev 
Mark MiHs-PoweU offidated, 
assisted by the Rev John 
Jenkyns. Prebendary John Col- 
lins and the Rev Francis Bruce. 
The bride was attended by 
Joanna Trotter, Saran Robert- 
son, Kathinka Warr, Lucy Rus- 
sell, Emily Ward, Emma 
Thomson. Eleanor Barrie,' 
Chioe Sacber, Samantha 
Martian, Alice Polk, Rosie 
Gartb waite, Charlotte 
Hammerbeck. Rosie Langton, 


only daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Peter Bodkin, of Ramsey, 
Hampshire. 

Mr MjV.SevreB 

and Miss P-J. Bumie 

The engagement is announced 


between Mark Anthony, son of Christopher 


fram. Ana Maria Osorio, 
Georgia Ciandmino, Camilla 
Nelson, Devon Aoki, Emily 

Martian, Flora Ellison. George 
Trotter, Alexis Namdar. Max 
Robertson. George Drake, Ben 
Wheatley, WUham Bradley, 


for have focussed mainly mi 
leukaemia patients, who 
represent a very small propor- 
tion, 5 per rent, of those 
suffering from cancer. 

Memorial service 

Mr C. Mollboa 

A memorial service for Mr 
Clifford Mollhon was held at St 
Paul's, Covent Garden, yes- 
terday. The Rev Michael Hurst- 
Ban nisi er officiated. Mr James 
Moll i son, son, read from 
“Gunga Din” by Rudyaid Kip- 
ling and from Scott's letter from 
the Antarctic. Mr Donald 
Sinden, President of the Royal 
General Theatrical Fund, gave 
an address and read from 
Cymbe/ine ; Mr John Hanson ■ 
sang Goodbye from Whitehorse 
Inn. and Mr Harold French gave 
an address. Canon John Hester, 
Precentor of Chichester Cathe- 


hall Donations, he says. An- 
other 'researcher. Dr Paul 
Marks, of the Sloan-Kettering 
Cancer Centre, New York, 
found ' that HMBA tamed 


The idea is simply to kick 
tumour cells out of the malig- 
nant state into btaiign cells, so 

that they proliferate no tar- 
dier, and ultimately die.** 


School announcements 


Mr and Mrs N.G. Sewell, of 
Dubai, and Philippa Jane, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs LA. 
Bumie, of Lancing, Sussex 
Mr EJ. Tyson 
and Mbs J. S. Worley 
The engagement is announced 
between trie Tyson. RA, only 
son of Mr and Mrs R.F. Tyson, 
of Sutton upon Derwent, York- 


Yochen 


Hank, Charlie Hart, John 
Charles Danilovich, David 
Geiber, William Garth waite, 
Sam Robertson. Archie Drake. 
Hector Fleming, Edward Scott, 
Henry TaJbot-Ponsonby, Ed- 
ward Cony Reid, and Tom 
Howard. Mr Alastair Bruce was 
best man. 


ss_. rv. jj D j. dUUVil HIAJII UL1 fvtm, IU1K” 

and Mrs David R. Goode, of shit- and Jane, ekter daughter 


i ring. and Jacqueline, younger n r w, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Kota 
Gay. of Berkhamsted. * 

MrNJ.Hanbnry 
and Miss D.E. Boyle 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel John, son of Mr 
P.F. Hanbury, of HiU Ash Farm, 

West Harting. Petersfield, v.,.!. 
Hampshire, and Mis Mollie 
Hanbury. of 206 Rivermead ^nd \ 
Court. London, and Daphne TZT x 
Evelyn, daughter of Mr and Mrs K>n ' 
Bogardus Snowden Boyle, of MtF 
Lysten. Memphis, Tennessee. ani j ^ 
Unites States. ' ( 

Mr M-I. Parsons Jf"® 

and Mbs S.R. Dawson ' 

The engagement is announced , 
between Michael, eldest son of 
Admiral Charles Parsons. USN 
(retd). Manila. Philippines, and Ljurn ‘ 
the late Mrs KatmshJca Parsons, ww 
and Sophia Rosemary, younger M2 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.C Mr S. 
Dawson, Cavendish. Suffolk, and M 
The marriage will take place in The i 
J apan in November. Augus 

Mr G. Pktoo-Tnrbervfl) JJsiJ 

and Miss M.T. Bahne j 

The engagement b announced daugh; 
between Geoffrey, elder son of Cross. 
Mr and Mrs Wilfrid Picton- 


Meopham. Kent 

Mr B.W. WDson 
and Miss J A. Clabby 
The eng^ement is announced 
between Brian, eider son of Mr 
and Mrs J-P. Wilson, of 
Brandsby, York, and Jennifer, 
daughter of Brigadier John 
Cabby, of Coxland, Ewhurst, 
and Mrs EC. Clabby, of Moul- 
ton, Newmarket. 

Mr F. Woodthorpe Browne 
and Mbs A-M McEvoy 
The engagement is announced 
between Fergus, son of Dr and 
Mrs Kevin Woodthorpe 
Browne, of North CVeake, Nor- 
folk, and Anna-Maria, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs AJ. McEvoy, of 
LitchanL Mid-Glamorgan. 

Marriages 

Mr SJR. Tucker 
and Miss S- Cross 
The marriage took place on 
August 31. in California, be- 
tween Mr Stephen Tucker, son 
of Sir Richard Tucker and Mrs 
J. Biggs, and Miss Susan Cross, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 


Mr PJ> JL Landale 
and Mbs S J. Younger 
The marriage took place on> 

Saturday, September 6, in St 
Mary’s Cathedral. Edinburgh, of 
Mr Peter Landale, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs David t -anHalr, of 
Dalswinton, Dumfries, and 
Miss Sarah Younger, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Younger, of Broughton, 

Peeblesshire. The Very Rev 
Philip CrosfieJd officiated, as- 
sisted by the Rev J.D. Rennie. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her father and was » ■ — -- ■■ ■ ■■ 

Service luncheon 

Camilla Younjer. Mr Wflliam 5S°SS*'S?L i 3i C i, 

m lunchwn K^SL^ia CT.J 
Arthr^SlI and thr^mr,- ™ 

moon will be spent abroad. 

fought in the First World War. 


Mr and Mrs Wilfrid 
TurbcrvilL of Claverir 
and Mary, daughter of 


Mr PJ. Brace 

and Mbs R.CJVL McL. Milk 


Gumley. Leicestershire. 


BaJme. of The marriage took place on 


Saturday. September 6, at Up- Tynemouth. 


Mr AJJ. Swaddle — — ■ 

and Mbs MX). Beaumont Big Bang Ball 

The marriage took place on The Rip Rani Run m 

S.T y MS dd iSi^o c “ l & 

ravSLSSSLfc K BeaamooU of from MrOtiver Baxter at 01-834 


Birflis, Marriages, Deaths and In Memariam 


HflTHS, MARIUSES. 
DEATHS and IN MEMORUM 
£4 a Mm + 15% f AT 

(minimum J lines) 

VuwuicentRits. audKMicaiBd bv U 
name and permanent address of (J 
sender. ma> be sent to: 

THE TIMES 
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Vnuinla Street 
London El 9XS 

or ttlcptxmed (by Idcphone sub 
cibcrs only) ur tn-411 3S2i 


Annotmcemcms can be received by 
telephone between 9.00b m sad 
5 30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.00am and 12 noon. 
ni-481 4880 only). For publication I be 
following day by 1.30pm. 

URUO&VQOIKS i 
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Court and Social Page amoucctnents 

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Please aflow at least 48 bom before 
puhbcniioa. 


Bui blpwd are your nrc for Uiry Wr 
and your -in', for inrv hear. 

SI Matthew 13: 16 


BIRTHS 


CANNON - On September 7th. to 
ShrUflh (nee Tinnei and Smart, a 
son. Edward Jonathan Godfrey, a 
brother for Charles and Andrew, 
who sadly lived for one day. 

AMMDCLL - On 8th September, to 
Jane mfe Unwin) and Rfcftara. a 
daughter. Isabel. 

COLERIDGE - On September 4th, at 
the Portland Hospital. London, to 
Cayl utfe Crove-Palrow) and 
Nicholas, a danatwer. Laura cwire 
May. a sister for Matthew. 

DAGNALL - On Sep«»r*er 9th. to 
Anna and Andrew, a son. 

FOSTER - On September 9th. in 
Shrewsbury, to Julia frrte HflU and 
Edward, a dauswer. Kitty Ann. 
GROOM - On 7th September, at Queen 
Mary's. Roehamplon to QDy tBee 
Payne) and lan. a son, Matthew 
Charm. 

jEFFEMS - On the 318* August to 
Gbrie and MichaeL a son. Alexander 
Daniel Luden. 

lEVOffS ■ On 22nd AugusL to Mark 
and Susan in New York, a daughter. 
Kanina AfflJharad. 

I ft MONT - on em September, to 
tn^ ttmpWU andDmuid^ 
son. tan Alexander, a bnniw tor 
Louise. __ 

LEIGH • On August 
to Fiona urn ShwriiaridRotkn. a 
son. Josron Edward LennWfc 

PCARSONOnSthS^ndWtoLo^ 

r$a (nee Forman) arelCm««Ptter a 
dauabler Eleanor Alexandra »»e. " 
surer for Oenwiline and Lotus. 


HOC ■ On September 4th. to Alex (nde 
Levinson) and John, a son. Timothy 
James. 

STANLEY PRICE - On September 4tt». 
in Cambridge, to Karen <n£e Bed) and 
Mark, a d aughter. Tessa Angela. 

STEPHENS - on September 9th In Met* 
bourne, lo Pamela U>ee Mantuan) 
and Richard, a son. Edward MichaeL 
a brother for Catherine and Joseph. 

THOMAS - On 8th September, at 1614 
lux to Cwen and Tony, a son. James 
Paul, at Ashford Hospital. Middlesex. 

THOMAS - on September 7th. to 
Bonnie tnte ClBinlndbara) and 
Osvld. twins. Charles Jarttow and 
Caroline Mary. 

WOODS - On Septe mb er 6m. at St 
Thomas' Hospital to Qradta <n4e 
SuffieW) and OavM. a daughter. 
Sondrlne Rosemary, 


MARRIAGES 

YOUNG : JONES - The marriage took 
place on 6th September. 1986 at St 
Peter's Church. Horsham, between 
Mr Paul Yoong. sod or Mr Michael 
Young and Mrs 8 Hancock of Lam 
don. and Mte EUzabeth Jones, 
daughter or Mrs Margaret Jones and 
the late Mr O D Jones or Weybrfdge. 


DEATHS 

ATTER. Ethel May - On September 
8th. peacefully bi a nursing home hi 
Poole. Dorset, and formerly of 
Creenford. Middlesex. Funeral Ser- 
vice in Bournemouth on Friday. 
Flowers to Alfred H. Griffin. 6 
Ounyeats Road. Broadsune. Dorset. 
MUY . On August 25th. 1986. 
peacefully at home. Dr Robert 
Hayward Bafley. husband o f 
Barbara, of Freeport. Grand Bahama 
Island, formerly or Acton and Ealing. 

Date or Memorial Service in London 

to tie announced later. Letters c/o 
Roger H Bailey. 49 QuKtowpod. 
L ondon NWS 3SA. 

BAITEY, Norman - (hi September 9th. 
toed 61. peacefully at Brighton ^ter 
a two year battle against cancer, 
borne with great courage. Beloved 
husband of Arm and youngest son or 
the late James and -bandta. ot 
waBsend: much loved brother and 
unde. Donations, if desired, lo 
Cancer Research. 

RASM - On September 7th. 1986. aged 
75. to France. MarceDe. malty 
loved mother of Dtanc Lever. Claude 
Oam». Ctola Attfo and Rita Wilkes. 
Funeral Service on Thursday. Sep- 
tember lira, at 3.00pm. CtmeUere 
braebte Verrter. Geneva. 

■ULL - On September 9th 1986. sud- 
denly bid peacefully, al home after a 
long lUness resolutely foughL Sir 
George. Third Baronet, aged 80. 
Beloved husband or Gabrietfc and 
much loved father ot stmean and 
Charlotte, grandfather of Jacquebne- 
Heaer. Jemima. Stephen. Loveday. 
Sophia- Ann and great grandfottier of 
Patrick Anthony Funeral Senire at 
St Peter's. Hammersmllh. on Thurs- 
day. September lBlh. at 2pm.' 
Hitherto Hath the Lord Helped Usr. 
■UTTER - On September nth. Jean 
Marie, elder daughlH- of the laic 
Colonel and Mrs Charles Butter, of 
Pitlochry and much loved skier of 
David and Margaret, peacefully in St 
Joseph's Hospital. Pori EUzabeth. af- 
ter a short IDneos- Please no fetters. 


■OWLRY - On 9th September. 1986. 
peacefully at home la London, after a 
tong fUnesa. borne with great 
courage: Angela Margaret Bowpjy. 
CV.O.. MAE. Elder daughter of the 
late Hugh and Christian Bowfhy and 
beloved skter of Daptme Watson. 
Cremation private- No Rowers 
please, but donations could be sent to 
the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. 
Date of Thanksatvtng Service to be 
announced later. 

CQUHCS - On O ep tera ber SOv. in 
Wichita Fans. Texas. Pearle. beloved 
wtte of Dr Paul Collins, mother of 
Ann and Greg: mourned by her 
devoted friends over here. 
COLTAKT - On Sep te mber 6th. James 
Milne Cottart. t i, Q. deeply loved 
and Cherished husband of Mae. lov- 
ing father aod grandfather, Private 
faroUy cremation was held on the 
10th September. If desired friends 
may donate to the Reval Caledonian 
Schools. Bushey. Herts, to which he 
devoted so much of Ms thought and 
time. A Service of Thanksgivtna win 
be held on Tuesday. 30Ui September, 
at 12 nooo. at St Columns' Church 
of Scotland. Pont Street. London 
SWL. Those wishing to attend please 
inform me Master. Royal Caledonian 
Schools. 

OAMEB-On26th August. 1986. at Me 
home In PtetermartBburgh. South 
Africa. Dr Oliva- Davtrn. formerly of 
Trinity College. Dublin: St Marys 
College. Bebbsc the university of 
Qiana and the University of Natal- 
GOLLAH - On 9Ui Sefxembcr. peace- 
fully at home. Spencer Alexander 
Go Dan. aged 89. Beloved husband of 
Pun. Cremation private. No letters 
PltaSt. 

GOSLING - On Tuesday 9Qi Septem- 
ber. 1986. ■ peacefully at home 
Rosemary, wtte at WtUam. mother 
of Petronella. Lucy and Frances. 
Sovtceaf Thanksgiving in Fandom 
Parish Church, at 3pm. on Monday. 
16th September. Family Dowers 
only. 

GRAY - Ob September lOth. 1986. 
Florence Leslie, of Hurstatarpobn. 
Sussex, staler of Jessie Crouer and 
Margaret Tyermac. 

GUniNESS. Esme Patricia . On 
September 2nd. 1996. widow of 
Richard, in her 84th year al Straffan 
Lodge. Due to fondly manga nans, 
the Rmeral service took place pri- 
vately on 3rd September at Straffan 
Parish Church, followed tty burial al 
OughterartL County Kildare. 
HOWELL - On August 200 u 1986. 
Edward Wetsfcrd RowgeU, (Teddy J. 
at a nursing home. Qtatswood. 
IN6W. 2067L HlBband «■ toe ure 
Molly (Therese Desmond), beleted 
father of Madeline (Mrs C HUL la 
Garde FYeneL Var France), grandfa- 
ther of Nicholas, brother of Lewis 
(Duffy's Forest N.S.W. 2084). uncle 
of Joan (Bryant), bi Ids 86th year. 
Always Remembered. 

Mtnuto on Tin September quieQy at 
her home. SL Clement's. Rusftall. 
Uss. Norfolk. Joy. wife or the late 
Henry Ned Munro. mother of Qaph- 

nc rival. Private cremaiion. a service 

of Thanksgiving win be held at St 
Mary’s Church. Rushall. on Satur- 
day 27th September at 12 noon. 
Dona boos U desired in her memory, 
fen The National Trust. Cornish 
Coastline or The-Aaimai Health 
Trust- may be sent to: John a.V. 
Crisp. -Funeral Director, ha. 

Hadden Close. Ponngtand. Norwich. 
NR1« TON- 


MsBREGOR - On September 8th. Alan 
M3.. B.S.. D.TJJ.. D.T.M. and H.. 
Barrister at Law. m Salisbury l.T.U. 
Dari tog husband of TheUiu. (a uter of 
Donald and Tina, grandfather of Al- 
ice. Senvce at Salisbury 
Crematorium on Wednesday Sep- 
tember 17th al 10.30 am. No flowers 
but If desired donations to the Sritlsh 
Heart Foundation. 

PUMA - On September 8th. 1986. 
suddenly In Edinburgh at 6 Bellevue 
Oeseeot Thomas George, beloved 
husband of Margo and adored father 
of Lesley. JacouL and Shirley, rip. 
READ - On September 7th. peacefully 
at King Edward VD Hosottaj. . 
Midhurst. CoLCF (Pertshert Read. ; 
O LE. retd, late the Wiltshire Regi- 
ment and the Royal Mtotary Police: 
dear husband of Vivian and beloved 
father of Shirley and Alhon. Funeral 
private. Memorial Service to be 

announced. 

ROBERTS. John James - Suddenly on 
7Ui September, aged 22 years, of 
L'Etoauet House. St Oaen. Jersey. 
Greatly loved son of John and 
Juliana Roberts (nee CuratnX The 
Funeral Service win be held at Ot 
Gun's Parish Church, at 2JO pm, 
on Monday. 15th September. Flow- 
ers may be sent to Pitcher A le 
Queene Ltd. Funeral Directors. 59 
Kensington Place. St Heller. Jersey, 
b y 12 noon please. 

TOPPING . Suddenly on September 
9m. Graham wason Topping. 
CENC..AJF.RA&S.. aged 71. 
beloved husband fo Kay. dear father 
of Jane and Adam and fovlng 
grandpa of Christine. Funeral Ser- 
vice -win be held at the Reading 
Crematorium. All Hallows Rd. 
Caverstiam. Reading, on Monday. 
September 15th. at 12 noon. Family 
Dowers only. 

WAYMOUTML -Irene - Peacefully at 
home on 8th September. 1986. aged 
90. formnly of Christchurch. New 
Zealand. Much loved by her family 
and aU who knew her. Funeral pri- 
vate- Donations, if desired, to Dr 
Barnardo's. EnauWes to Mrs Jane 
Coates. SabinaL Lucktends Rd. Bath, 
BA1 4AU. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


GRACE - a Memorial Sendee wui be 
held for me late Mss Catherine 
Grace. Q4LE-. founder of St 
Christopher's School for the Mental- 
ly Handicapped, to Bristol on 
September 25th at St Albans Church. 
Weslbury Path. Bristol at ll.tX) am. 

SUTHERLAND - A Memorial Service 
f or Sir lato Sutherland win be held 
on Hrandaft'.gm October at 12 noon 
at The Crown C0«l Church of Scot- 
land. Russell Street Coven! Garden. 
London WC2_ 


t The Kfag’ScbooL Gloucester ' 

- Michaelmas Term at Tbe King’s 

- School, Gloucester, begins to- 
i day with 1 1 5 new pupils joining 
i the schooL The choristers re- 
sumed their cathedral duties on 

i September 7 after participating 
I in the Three Choirs FestivaL M r 
1 A.P. Barrett is in charge of 
Paddock House on the retire- 
i ment of Mr DJP. Bowers as 
housemaster, and Miss K. An- 
’ drew, Mr MJ. Taylor and Mr 
J.M. Webster join tbe staff. 
Jonathan Merrect - is head of 
school and Khalid Bahsoon is 
captain of rugby. In addition to 
the usual events, a thanksgiving 
and celebration for the appeal 
which has raised £250.000 is 
being bdd on September 12. 
Speech day and commemora- 
tion are on October 24 (United 
Nations Day) when the guest of 
honour will be Mr Malcolm 
Harper. Director of the United 
Nations Association. 

Bedford High School 
Autumn Term at Bedford High 
School begins today and ends on 
December 16. Harvest sale day 
is Sattuday, September 20, old 
girls are welcome. The Christ- 
mas concerts are on December8 
and 9. Tbe school play will take 
place on December 1 1. 12 and 
13. The guest of honour on 
speech day, Monday. December 
15. will be Miss Beryl Grey- We 
are joining Bedford Modern 
School for a service of nine 
lessons and carols at St Paul's 
Church on December 14, 
Bishop’s Stanford College ■ ■ 
Winter Term begins At Bishop’s 
Stanford College today. Mr 
Gary Hudson becomes 
Housemaster of AHiott and Mr 
Greg Spahier Housemaster of 
Robert Pearoe. Nicholas Jarman 
is head of schooL There are 380 
in the senior school and 240 in 
the junior schooL A record 163 
(including 35 giits) will be 
studying in the sixth form. Tbe 
refurbishment of school house is 
complete and tbe budding of a 
new sports hall in Sparrow’s 
Meadow is under way. Tbe Rev 
Alan Johnston is acting chaplain 
for the year while the Rev Hugh 
Talbott has leave of absence 
with the Royal Navy Chaplains' 
Department Mr Brian Corby, 
Chief Excutive of the Prudential 
Corporation, and Dr ■ Peter 
Radley, Technical Director of 
STC Telecommunications, join 
tbe governing coundL 
Bromsgrove School 
School convenes today at 
Bromsgrove for tbe Michaelmas 
Term. Hemy Longden is bead of 
school and Helen Cooper is 
head girl Tbe dramatic society 
presents Oh What a Lovely War 
on November 12 and 13. Old 
Bromsgrovians day is on 
September 13 and tbe invitation 
dinners for Old Bromsgrovians 
are on September 26 and Octo- 
ber 10. Term ends with the 
Christmas carol service in the 
school chapel on December 12. 
Cheltenham Ladies' College 
Term begins at Cheltenham 
Ladies' College today. Tbe se- 
nior prefect is Rebecca 
Bailhache and the second bead 
of ooQege is Zoe Crompton. 
Half-term is from Saturday, 
October 25, to Sunday, Novem- 
ber 2. The combined choral 
conceit with Cheltenham Col- 
lege -will take place on Sunday, j 


Bedford School 

Christmas Term .at Bedford 
School begins today with 1,120. 
boys in the schooL Mr SJ. 
Miller takes up his appointment 
as head m aster in succession to 
Mr CLM. Jones. AJ.H. Murray 
is head of tbe school and TJ. 
Kemble is captain of rugby. Tbe 
OB annual dinner will be on 
October 17 at Armoury House. 
London, when the ■ guest of 
honour will be Mr Jeffrey 
Archer. Speech day will be on 
October 25 when Professor Sir 
John Butterfield, Regius Profes- 
sor of Physic of Cambridge 
University School of ftinimi 
Medicine, will be tbe guest of 
honour. The Beggar’s Opera will 
be performed in tbe theatre on 
December 10.- 1 1. and 12. The 
Old Bedfordian rugby matches 
will take place on Deoember 13. 

Monition Combe School Bata 
Term began at Monktbn Combe 
School, Bath, with record num- 
bers and the opening Of tbe craft, 
design and technology depart- 
ment The Knight lecture on 
October 18 will be given by My 
Edward Heath, MP. 
Commemoration is on October 
24 and 25 when the chief guest is 
Mrs Ann Longley, Headmistress 
of Roedean. Term ends with the 
carol service in Bath Abbey on 
December 12. 

Oakham School 
Winter Term at Oakham School 
started on September 7. Domi- 
nic Burke is head boy and Oaire 
Hatton is head girL During the 
summer the rugby XV ana tbe 
girTs hockey ' XI toured New 
Zealand and the chamber or- 
chestra visited West Germany. 

• The Old OaklHtmian Qub drai- 
ner will be held in the school on 
Saturday, October 25. The First 
Oakham Industrial Business 
Scholarship has been awarded 
to Christopher Nalty. and 
Lieutenant-Colonel T.M. Reay 
has taken over the post of 
bursar. 

Penrhos College 
Penrhos College, Colwyn Bay, 
starts the school year today. 
Rebecca Andrew is bead giri and 
Emma Wilson is deputy. 
Construction of the new swim- 
ming pool should begin towards 
the end of this term. The carol 
service wfll be on December 17. 1 
Unfortunately, because of 1 
overcrowding, admission this 
year must be by ticket only. Old 
Penrhosians are asked to con- 
tact tbe school secretary, by 
December 1, for tickets. 

Plymouth College 


and a Fellow of All Souls, died 
in Ravello, southern Italy, on 
September 9. He was 66. 

Robert Shackleion was born 
on November 25. 1919, and 
educated al Todmorden 
Grammar School and One! 
College. Oxford, where he 
graduated in Modem wn- 
guages in 1940. The next five 
years were spent in the army, 
serving in North Africa and 
Italy. Tn 1946 he was ejected 
the first Modem Languages 
Fellow of Brasenose College, 
and was for 18 years College 
Librarian. 

Bred as he had been in 
North Country non-conformi- 
ty, he was a life-ions Liberal 
and an ambition to enter 
politics led to his standing, 
unsuccessfully, al Blackburn 
in 1945. 

Academic research was, 
however, his real strength, and 
his edition of Fbntenelle’s 
Entretiens sur la phiralite des 
monies (1955) was followed 
by his magisterial critical biog- 
raphy of Montesquieu (1961), 
which was translated into 
French in 1976. His name 
became synonymous with 
Montesquieu studies; he was a 
frequent visitor to Bordeaux 
and its academy, and be 


for catalogue automation in 
cooperation with other British 
and American libraries, and 
with the promotion of ihe 
library in America. , 

But the changing financial 
climate frustrated his early 
commitment to new technol- 
ogy and led to increased 
administrative burdens, and 
in 1979 Shackleion, already 
suffering from ill health, re- 
signed in order to return to a 
more congenial life as Marshal 

Focft Professor of Literature. 

An inveterate book hunter, 
he built up one of the most 
renowned private libraries in 
Oxford. An informal study of 
him standing, surrounded by 
the serried ranks of his IStfi- 
ccntury editions, depicts the 
man better than his form^ 
portrait by Sir William 
Coldstream in the Bodleian. 

Shackleion earned many 
distinctions. Fellowship of the 
Society of Antiquaries, and of 
the British Academy, and 
received honorary doctorates 
from Bordeaux. Dublin and 
Manchester. He was made 
Chevalier of the Legion oF 
Honour and was an Associate 
Fellowship at Silliman Col- 
lege. Yale University. 

A remarkable cultural am- 


delighted in being allowed to ^ssador. Shacklcton was 
work in the writer s old Cha- p rBJ j ( | M n 0 f the international 


teau at La Brede. 

His work broadened out 
into a stream of articles on the 
Enlightenment and,, in more 
detail on the Encyclopedie. 
He took his DLiti in 1966. 

Shackleion was sometime 
chairman of the board of his 
faculty, was president of the 
Conference of University 
Teachers of French in 1958, 
and became editor of French 
Studies in 1965, when he was 
also appointed University 
Reader in French Literature. 

In 1961 he became a Cura- 


Comparative Literature Asso- 
ciation and of the Imcmation- $ 
al Society for 18th Century 
Studies. His chairmanship, 
following the death of Theo- 
dore Besterman, its Founder, 
of the Voltaire Foundation, 
ensured at Oxford the perma- 
nent establishment of a major 
centre of Enlightenment 
studies. 

Travel. lecturing, visiting 
libraries and ferreting in 
bookshops, worldwide, were 
latterly a major preoccupa- 
tion. An expert gastronome 


tor of the Bodleian Library and a great connoisseur of 


and in 1965-66 chaired the 
special Oxford Committee on 
university Libraries. Its re- 
port was a blueprint for the 
development of a modern 


wine, he had a remarkable, 
knowledge of good, unostenta ■ ' 
tious restaurants in many 
countries. 

He was unmarried. 


SIR IAN WOOD 


E. M. K. writes. 

Sir Ian Wood, MBE. wbo 
died in Melbourne on Septem- 
ber l.aged 83, was regarded as 
a founding father of. clinical 
research in Australia. 

After qualifying at Mel- 
bourne University he worked 


tute, established in connection 
with the Royal Melbourne 
Hospital. 

During the next ten years he 
and his team did valuable 
work in various fields of 
gastroenterology and pioneer- 
ed a technique of gastric 


in London hospitals before - biopsy which has come into 
returning, to the - old Mel- worldwide use. 


bourne Hospital,- and it was 
there that he established 
Melbourne's first blood bank. 

During the Second World 
War he saw service in the 
Middle East and the Pacific, 
and in 1945 was Colonel 
commanding the 2/7 Austra- 
lian General Hospital in New 
Guinea. He was appointed 
MBE for his services in the 
Middle East in 1942. 

In 1946 he was invited by 
Sir Macfarlane Burnet to be- 
come the first director of the 
clinical research unit at the 
Walter and Eliza Hall Insti- 


He retired in 1963 and 
returned to private practice in 
Melbourne. 

Both his personality and 
physique were outstanding. . 
and he was admired and loved. J 
by many friends in Australia, 
America and the United 
Kingdom. 

He was knighted for his 
services to medicine in 1976. 

He married in 1939. Edith 
Mary Cooke, who was a 
continuous support to him 
throughout his medical career. 
She and their two daughters 
survive him. 


DR H. N. SOUTHERN 


Dr HL N. Southern, 


Autumn Term begins today at outstanding contribu- 

Plymouth College. CG.A. Gay Hons to the study of the 
becomes head of school, ecology of mammals and 
Commemoration and speed) birds, died on August 25. He 
day is to be held on Friday, was 77. 

fli 4 rJmc 15 ™ “Mick” Southern was bom 

SSm?.«S5i2 *!!!!£ § ^ 1908 • in 


Canterbury, and the guest 
speaker in the Guildhall is Dr 
C.E. Baron, senior tutor, St 
Catharine’s College. Cambridge. 
Term ends on • Thursday, 
December 18. 

Tbe Red Maids’ SchooL Bristol 
Autumn Term at Tbe Red 
Maids' SchooL Bristol began on 


Boston, Lines. 

He entered Queen's College, 
Oxford; as a classics scholar, 
but after graduating he de- 
cided against a* purely aca- 
demic career and returned to 
Oxford to read Zoology, tak- 
ing a first in 1938. 

Soon after his second 


September . 9 with Melanie graduation he joined the Bu- 
Dunsfond and victoria Mac- reau of Animal Population 
Donald as head girls. The new (later the Animal EcoJoev 


held until 1961. He was also 
editor from 1968 to 1975 of | 
the Journal of Animal Ecol- ' 
ogy. During both editorships 
he was able to use his former 
humanities studies to main- 
tain high standards of English. 

Although never deeply in- 
volved in teaching, his kind 
and sympathetic nature led 
him to give much of his lime 
to encouraging young people, 
both formally and informally. 
The many working biologists 
whose studies he supervised 
are now contributing to the 
advance of venebate ecology 
in a wide range of posts 


November 16. at in the Chapel 
of Cheltenham College. The 
college play. The Critic, will be 
performed in the Princess Hall 
on Friday and Saturday, 
November 14 and 15. The carol 
concert for parents and visitors 
will be held on Tuesday, 
December 9. The terra will end 
on Wednesday, December 10, 
after tbe carol service (leaving 
prayers). 

r-ifi — * g-i — ■ 

LQtlOn] DCOiw 

Autumn Term at Culfbrd 
School begins today. The school 
captains are Lindsay Short and 
Joanne Mathews. Terra aids 
with the carol service in St 
Edraundsbury Cathedral on Fri- 
day. December 12. 

Harrow School 

Winter Term at Harrow begins 
today. Mr W.M.G. Isbell joins 
the Masters' Room from Knox 
Grammar SchooL Australia, 
exchanging with Mr W. Snow, 
den. G.T.B. Robotham (The 
Grove) is the head of the school 
and G.B. Hughes (West Acre) is 
captain of rugby football. The 
Goose Match wfll be played on 
September 14. the industrial 
conference will be held on 


FRS. His eariy^h C 
has its full complement of girls. ° n .wild rabbits, and later. 
Founders day will be on during be war, he worked on 
November 21. Open day is on rats and house mice, which at 
October 15, and with three other that time had been given very 
Brist^Schools, Red Mads wflj little scientific stud^ 

. sing The Messiah in the Colston His mntrihntinn «« *t,«. 

Hal! on November 14. mSLSH” r 

investigation of their ecology 
Ro$saD School and behaviour was of prime 

Michaelmas Term at Rossall importance. The war work 
SchooTbegan yesterday. M.R culminated in the publication 
ft"£iV2a? , S"JS ! . 954 ° f * “^volume 


J Vn " a ? i Population ’ around the world. In 1965 he 
qater tte^Anunal Ecology became a Fellow of St Cross 


Hat! on November 14. 

Rtasall School 

Michaelmas Term at Rossall 
School began yesterday. M_p. 
Merrick is school captain and 


PJ- Smith captain of ragby i" -fL T / ?'“ me 
fooibalL Osborne HousehS $ RaiS 

moved into renovated premises a Jln ^ch he edited in 
and Mr N. Badass has taken £Oj! a boration with Dr Dennis 


over as housemaster. Mr P.O. 
Ashton takes over- Anchor 


Chitty. 

In 1946 he was 


Ashton takes over- Anchor „ In 1V40 he was appointed 
House. Construction of the final Senior Research Officer and 
v® f hoarding took the opportunity to stan a 

tenary on October 10 and 11. relationships 

Pelican House will hold its ow ls of 

centenary in 1987 and old . w y~ n Wood and the small 


tenary on October 10 and 11. ^ 

Pelican House will hold its j 

SSSareatiWto 8 ^^ MeSX 

the housemaster, Mr R.M.D. food- This study, a model of Shlw and ^ e J* ,ver Mct ^ ai 
Cooke. TbeOWRossalUans win its kind, helped him to Snhi, U, t,^ mma,Soc,Wy ' 
play the Anti-AssusutsouOcto- doctorate. 83111 h,s 5 e "3 s twic * warned, first 

ber 29. Mr Andrew Lloyd In 1954 he heram- e to Ena Cottrell and then to the 
WeWwJ Re^e^wUrbesung editor S ,0 - Ogisr; Kiu Y Paviour- 
m chapel on November 29 and a post he Smith, who survives him 


College, Oxford. 

He also gave much time to i 
the work of scientific societies, ’ 
and served on many councils. 

He was a vice-president of the 
British Ornithological Union. 

He was Scientific Secretary of j 

the Mammal Society, and | 

edited both the first edition of 
die Handbook of British 
Mammals and. in collabora- 
tion with Dr Gordon Corbet 
the second edition of this 
comprehensive book. 

In 1964 he was a Visiting I 
Professor in the University of 
Otago, and greatly influenced 
the development of research 
into ecology and conservation 
in New Zealand. 

In recognition of his work „ 


awaraec me Bernard *- 
Tucker Medal of the British 
Trust for Ornithology, the 
ST 1 Omilhological Union 


October 9 and the modernised the carol service for visitors will 
chemistry schools opened by be on December 6. 


IN MEMOR1AM - PRIVATE 

LYNCH - In remembrance ot father & 
grandfather Cornelius. 1 1 to Septem- 
ber 1986 Shi.. F.C.. N.C 

MORE OTERRALL. Frank. dlM 
September Xlto. 1976. In bekned 
memory 'ftm now safety- and In 
peace'. Angela. Susie. Te»a and 
Emma. 

WOQLGML George Thomas - lwed. 
re membered and greatly missed by 
Itas wife, family and mends. 


Professor R.O.C. Norman on 
November 18. • • 

The school receive the Queen 
and the Duke of Edinburgh on 
November 24 when the Queen 


Seveooaks School 
Michaelmas Term . began on 
Tuesday. September 9.\ at 
Sevenoaks SchooL - Simon- Ford 


will lay the foundation stone of is school captain. Nancy Blabey 
the craft, design and technology and Jacqueline Prize are deputy 


lord maybray-king 

Lorf Ste?IS!| CaUSe,a,Qn8Withl,ie -M 
M»vhra«.v;«r_Z.i_ _ . Lord [ate eminent eye surgeon. Sir - f I 




building. The will also attend school captains. Mr Casey 
Churchill Songs. The Bishop of McCann and Mr John Gujipn 


(.□urcniii songs. The Btsnop ot 
London will hold a confirma- 
tion on November 30. The half- 
term exeat will extend from 


is scnooi capiain. .nancy niaoey tj 0o ~ w «. 

and Jacqueline Frue are deputy t u., aspect of his work It 

school captains. Mr Casey new ,e ® se of life to theii 

MrTann and Mr Jnhn Guvatt tuOUSanflS. hg„, 


take up their appointments as 
under master and second mas- 
ter. The appeal to build a 


Sunday. October 26 until Son- science, electronics and cam put- 
day. November Z and term ing centre has now reached 
ends on Saturday. December 13. £400.000. .. 


totheSta° m Piloting S* cam Pniin rolrife™ p£- 

SSSSSS^^ 












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Television 

Creature 

discomfort 

We may be a nation of annual 
lovers bat Animal Squad 
(BBC!) shows the cruelty of 
loving ihem in the wrong way. 
In - the Leeds area alone, 
25,000 calls a year are re- 
ceived alerting RSPCA 
inspector Sid Jenkins *««d Jit; ' 
crew to man Y inhumanity to. 
God's other creatures. 

filmed and prod need by 
Paul Berrff, last night's edi- 
tion was not so macb a fly on 
the wall documentary as a dog 
at heel look at some of.Sid 
Jenkins's cases. The high 
point was an investigation into 
allegations of witchcraft 

“I think observation's, the 
. m ain thing", said Sid after a 
colleague had rooted through 
the dustbin and come op with 
some shandy cans and a 
receipt for cat-wormer. When 
we came upon (heir owner, she 
■turned ont (0 be a cheerful 
witch who blithely admitted to 
dissecting a dead dog after ' 
keeping it in the fridge. 
Warily, Sid had a look at some 
of her other pets. A six-foot 
snake suffering from “the odd 
scar here and there", a balding 
tarantula, two rats and a cage 


. THE TIMES THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1 1 9S6 

THE ARTS 


The LPO, under Sir Georg Solti, have just returned from a highly successful visit to Frankfurt. 
Tomorrow the same team are in charge of the penultimate night of the Proms. 

Richard Morrison reports from Frankfurt; John Higgins talks to Solti about the future 


of mice. “Anything 1 do is for 
good" Mortida Crawley (too 
pat a name?) explained to Sid 
while showing him the coffin 1 
in her bedroom. Instead of his 
usual verbal warning, Sid gave 
her advice. 

. John Godber's Blood Sweat 
and Tears (BBC2) was a play 
set in a northern judo hafL 
Two giggling girls come to 
learn self-defence, foil for 
their teacher and incur die 
jtedous wrath of his molL 
' Dramatically it was less a play 
than a judo lesson. I struggled 
and tossed, I even shouted 
Yazoo or whatever to find it 
interesting, m eaningf ul and 
different. But no good. 

With its series The Gong 
Show , Channel 4 performs the 
' salutory task of reminding ns 
how good our television is by 
contrast Presented by a man 
who, Darwinianly-speakmg, 
looks very closely descended 
from a monkey, the show 
panders to an audience's in- 
describable itch to embarrass 
itself in public. A superfluous 
reassurance is given that “por- 
tions of the programme not 
affecting the outcome have 
been edited". 

Nicholas 

Shakespeare 


T he British season has 
arrived in Frankfort 
— not officially, but 
simply by virtue of 
the number -of Brit- 
ish musicians performing at 
the young but exceedingly 
well-heeled Frankfort Festi- 
val. The Edinburgh Festival 
production ofWeber’s Oberort 
-opened proceedings: Henze's 
opera The English Cal has 
been playing with - an all- 
British cast. The London 
Sinfonietta and BBC 
Phlharmonic both perform at 
the weekend. 

But the main British 
contribution — and the 
festival's highlight — is this 
week. Not only have the 
Frankfurters booked Sold, 
eight soloists and the London 
Philharmonic Orchestra to 
give two performances each of 
Berlioz's La Damnation de 
Faust and Beethoven's Choral 
Symphony. They have also 
flown in 125 professional 
singers: the combined lungs of 
the BBC Singers. Welsh Na- 
tional Opera chorus and Lon- 
don Voices. “I dare not think 
what this is costing", said one 
LPO member, “but thank 
Cod the Germans are paying.” 
One informed estimate was 
£250.000 for the four concerts. 

The Germans certainly are 
paying: as much as £70 a seat. 
But the feeling, at least in the 
LPO camp, is that they are 
getting then* money's worth. 

The orchestra scrapped its 
customary post-Glynde- 
boume holiday for this 
engagement .Last Saturday 
morning, warily eyeing their 
“con dun or emeritus” over 
the music-stands at the first 
rehearsal in Frankfurt's Alte 
Oper. some players looked as 
if they might be regretting the 
derision. But the respect for 
Solti runs deep, despite what 
the musicians euphemistically 
describe as “his little ways”. “I 
just wish he wouldn't shout at 
us first thing in the morning", 
was a- typical comment 
Solti's physical presence is 
magnetic. He growls' instruc- 
tions in staccato sentences — 
the speech equivalent, per- 
haps. of his pugnacious, jab- 
bing beat. He guides a soloist 
through some tricky rubato by - 
the simple but effective device 
of securing the singer's arm in 
a. firm grip. If the singer does 
wdl. Solti administers an 
encouraging pat on the cheek. : 
Sometimes he hands his baton - 
to an aide and’rtip^jnto.the' 






Keith Lewis; triumphant performance as Faust 


Sir Georg Solti; new ambitions and broadened horizons 



auditorium to check balance, 
shouting instructions to sec- 
tion principals from the back. 

He dearly revels in the 
opulent resonance of the re- 
constructed Alte Oper. But the 
reverberation is causing en- 
semble problems for an or- 
chestra which is still re- 
acquainting itself with Solti's 
highly persona] baton tech- 
nique. Conductor and or- 
chestra fell doggedly into a 
familiar rhythm of rehearsal: 
ten minutes of playing, a terse 
stream of commands from the 
podium, then on to the next 
ten minutes' music. Almost 
nothing is played twice. 

The chorus arrives for the 
second rehearsal. They are 
boisterous, as British choris- 
ters tend to be: some fall off 
theirchairs. In fact, some have 
ho chairs — ' the platform is 
surprisingly small. When the 
singing finally starts, though, 
it is awesome. The dynamic 
range that 125 professionals 
can muster is quite outside 
one's normal experience. 
Halfway through this re- 
hearsal Berlioz gives way to 
Beethoven. Teams of soloists 
are summoned or dismissed 
by Solti like an American 
football coach changing his 
side's, game-plan.’ Enter 
Donath.-: Walker. Goldberg 
and Solin; exit Von Stade, 
Lewis. * Fischer-Dieskau and . 


Moses. Pleasantries are ex- 
changed in the wings. 

Sohi finishes all subsequent 
rehearsals early, dearly de- 
lighted with progress. The last 
thing he says to the chorus is: 
“In all my long professional 
career, I have never heard 
such choral singing" The 
LPO endorse the sentiment 
with a traditional shuffle of 
feet, and all take a rest from 
Faust to look for lunch in 
Goethe's diy. 

Prolonged standing ova- 
tions at the subsequent con- 
certs confirmed Solti's 
estimation. Keith Lewis 
scored a personal triumph in 
the high-lying role of Faust, 
and the point in the 
"Pandaemon i um” where the 
men's chorus cup hands round 
their mouths for nerve-tin- 
gling cries of “Has! Has!” 
causes a minor sensation in 
the hall. 

It is ironical, but not untypi- 
cal that a German city with a 
population one tenth of 
London's, is willing to hire 
over 200 of Britain's best 
musicians to mount such an 
enterprise. We cannot afford 
such grand gestures. But at 
least British music-lovers will 
gain a valuable spin-offi the 
Proms performance of the 
Choral Symphony on Friday. 

R. M. 


T he only chance to 
hear Sir Georg Solti 
conduct in London 
this autumn comes 
at the Royal Albert 
Hall tomorrow. The main 
work on the penultimate night 
of the Proms is Beethoven's 
Ninth Symphony, with a spe- 
cially assembled chorus of 1 25 
who. with Solti and the LPO. 
have- just returned from 
Frankfurt, as Richard Morri- 
son reports opposite. Five 
concerts in under a week. Solti 
agrees, is too much, but even 
at the age of 74 be appears to 
thrive on it. And in any case. 
Frankfurt was in part a 
homecoming 

It was the city in which he 
spent many years before com- 
ing to Covent Garden as 
music director in the early 
Sixties. Was there any ill 
feeling when he announced 
that he was moving on? Not 
according to Solti. 

“Frankfurt at that time was 
a quite a small place musically 
and it was accepted that I had 
to broaden my horizons. But I 
still feel very much a son of 
Frankfort and they love me 
there. And that is wonderfol 
for my vanity. It also means 
that I can take with me a work 
like La Damnation de Faust 
which is not exactly popular, in 
Germany.” Solti might have 
added that Damnation hap- 


pens to contain the Hungarian 
March, which is likely to be 
close to his heart. 

During his period at the 
Frankfurt Opera, one work he 
did not conduct was Puccini's 
Tosco which is liable to be on 
ample display at the RAH 
tomorrow if Decca's market- 
ing department has been do- 
ing its job. 

Solti's recording with the 
National Philharmonic (not 
the New Philharmonic as 
stated in our review recently 
on The Times record page), is 
out this month. “It was not 
considered a ‘correct' opera 
for the music director to 
conduct. Then, during the ten 
years 1 was at Covent Garden, 
the opportunity never arose — 
they always wanted me to do 
something else. I have heard it 
a hundred times — wait for 
tenor aria in Act III. then go 
home — but I have never 
conducted it in the theatre.” 

So why tackle it now? Solti 
grins. “Because when you are 
grown up. as 1 am now. you 
can do what you like.” The 
smile then fades. “I believe 
beneath the surface of this 
apparently crude music lies 
something speciaL It all too 
often sounds second-rate and I 
wanted to prove that it was 
something quite different. 

- which can be done if you take 
three musical singers and 


make them do the opposite of 
what they are used to doing in 
the piece." (Solti's chosen 
three are Tc Kanawa. Aragail 
and Nucci.) “Study this score 
and you will find a genuine 
passion — I remember 
Puccini's grandaughtcr once 
tcllmg me how close it was to 
his bean", he adds. 

If to the public gaze at least 
Tana appears to be “not a 
Solti opera", then much the 
same applies to the next piece 
he will conduct at Covent 1 
Garden: Mozart's Die . 
Entfiihrung in a new produc- ! 
tion by Elijah Mosh insky. ! 
designed by Sidney Nolan and I 
Tim O'Brien in the 87/88 I 
season. j 

“I came back to it almost by ! 
chance, almost 30 years after 
those Frankfurt performances. 
When Karl Bohm died 1 was 
asked to conduct the Vienna 
Philharmonic in a 
commemoration concert, 
which included Gruberova 
singing Constanze's 
“Traungkcu*. That experience 
led me to go on and record it — 
probably her farewell to the 
role, as she doesn't much like 
singing it any more. 1 
rediscovered this first taste of 
the sophistication that charac- 
terizes the mature Mozart. 
Hence the suggestion to 
Covent Garden." 

Next autumn Solti will be 
75. What are the unfilled 
ambitions? “Two. One is to do 
the Matthew Passion. You 
may say. ‘Not a Solti work', 
but I tell you it is a Solti work 
and I will conduct it with the 
Chicago Symphony next year. 

"The other is to record Die 
Frau ohne Schatten in its 
entirely, which will add about 
25 minutes to what is gen- 
erally heard in the theatre. I've 
been wailing for 20 years and 
now we have the right cast: 
Manon. Van Dam, Domingo 
— yes. Domingo in Strauss." 

In the meantime. Solti is 
turning his attention to 
Stravinsky and in particular 
Pctroushka and Jen de caries. 
Inevitably, the comment 
comes up: Stravinsky is not a 
composer usually associated 
with Solti. 

“I want to broaden my 
horizons. I have never been a 
specialist and now I want less 
than ever to be a specialist 
Never stick to what you are 
famous for. never become a 
cliche. Always, always I fight 
the cliche." 


Theatre 


The Bay at Nice/ 
Wrecked Eggs 
Cottesloe 


In this double-bill David Hare, 
tells two personal stories 
which take on public res- 
onance through their con- 
trasted settings. Both concern 
the pursuit of individual free- 
dom and happiness: but what 
- do these words have in com- 
mon to the inhabitants of 
Leningrad and New York? 

In The Bay at Sice Hare 
states his theme, through a 
mother and daughter relation- 
ship involving the Western 
past as well as the Soviet 
present Valentina is sum- 
moned to a State museum to 
authenticate a dubious Ma- 
tisse painting. Here she is 
joined by her daughter who 
announces that she is leaving 
her headmaster husband to 
live with a 60-year-old em- 
ployee of the Sanitary Board. 

Valentina, played with regal 
mockery by Irene Worth, 
treats the lovers with barely 
concealed derision. If the 
talentless Sophia feels more. of 
a person in company with her 
new lover, it is only because, 
she is escaping from ambition 
and taking refuge in failure. 
What do such people know of 


the free life she once had in 
Paris? However, like them, 
she is' a marginal person: non 
Party member. And, in the 
end. she offers to sell her flat 
to raise the money her daugh- 
ter needs- 

In . Wrecked Eggs. Hare 
moves on from marginal Rus- 
sian? IO mainline Americans, 
in a complementary fable of a 
dominant parent. If Sophia 
reacted against her 
overpowering mother ' by 
choosing failure. Robbie — the 
son of a convicted spy - reacts 
by changing his name and 
going all obt for success. He is 
a workaholic lawyer whose 
wife Lodia says: “He-Iikes me 
because I'm here and I'm 
■quick." She confides this de- 
tail to Grace, the only guest 
who has arrived for the 
couple's sjJlhting-up party. 
Like Sophia and her head- 
master. they are winding up a 
long marriage, with the dif- 
ference that the Americans are 
making a something out ofit. 

The arbiter in this piece is 
the visitor, a Press agent who 
detests her work and counters 
Robbie's defence, of the pur- 
suit of money with a bitterly 
funny account, of what it 
means in her line of business: 
imagining how. shredded ev- 
ery newspaper would be if a 
success censorship were im- 


f 




Missiles miss the target 


In pursnit of happiness: Irene Worth and ZAe Wana maker 


posed, and calling her hosts' 
bluff by pouring scorn on the 
idea that, happiness can be 
pursued in terms of passing 
sensations. In the end. like 
Valentina,- she comes to the 
rescue with a speech on loyalty 
and persistence which has the 
effect of preserving the mar- 
riage for at least one more day. 

In both {Mays, relative val- 
ues are shaken around and 
finally come to rest on firm 
old moral precepts. Other- 


Hare keeping his own derisive 
powers in check and pursuing 
ideas rather than characters. 

Much the best work in his 
production comes from Zoe 
Wana maker, transformed 
from the gauche defensive 
Sophia to the bangle-laden 
Grace, who is as extrovert in 
her embarrassment as in her 
attacks on the soft underbelly 
of the advertising world. 
There is also a touchingly 
cowed performance from 


wfee. the link have to be PN ‘ l, P ^e as foe aged 
teased out in retrospect rather 

than snapped up during husl^d suffenng through his 
performanfTThe first play iS S™ Co J ,n St ^ l 7 0n * „ 
sombre and somewhat fruity ImUg W affllC 

when it comes to artistic — ■ ■■ ■ 

theory, the second moves into p Ar 

comedy and seems much L/UL 

more the product of personal DOn / 

experience. In both, the energy UaVanSUl KoU/ 
level is low., and one senses dc 


Sink the Belgrano 
The Half Moon 

You may perhaps already 
have heard of the General 
Belgrano. Four years ago. her 
sinking struck many in Britain 
as a despicable act. and when 
the timetable of events be- 
came clearer, a stench arose 
which still lingers in the 
nostrils of the nation's 
conscience. 

Steven Berkoffs new play 
goes the whole gleefol hog in 
presenting the affair as a' 
deliberate attempt to scupper 
the Peruvian peace initiative 
then under way in New York. 
While holding plenty of grue- 
some appeal this is by no 
means a new theory, and the 
evening offers no suprises on a 
political leveL 

Nor is it really surprising 
that Mr Berkoff should have 
chosen to offer his polemic in 
the form of a fist-swinging 
diatribe against not just the 
Tories, the military establish- 
ment and the Press, but also 


against public houses, tea and 
other harmless things. 

I happen _ to share the 
author's loathing for his major 
targets, but 90 minutes spent 
watching him attempt to blow 
them out of the water with 
misfired missiles made me 
almost proud to be British. 
Elvis Costello's hauntingly 
beautiful song about the FaJk- 
lands. “Shipbuilding", man- 
ages to say more in four 
minutes. 

lt may also seem a little late 
in the day to be compjaining 
about the upsurge of mindless 
xenophobia which distin- 
guished much of the Press 
coverage at the time. “Those 
Argie wogs are cunning sods” 
is not. I think, a quote from 
any British newspaper, so 
what precisely is its function 
in this piece? 

More damagingly. the script 
consciously (indeed, self-con- 
sciously) borrows from Henry 
K “O for a brace of Exocets 
that would ascend ..." in- 
tones Rory Edwards's ex- 
cellently sharp Chorus. The 


problem with this is that even 
cod-Shakespeare needs to be 
written by a dramatic poet. 

Here, whenever the script's 
rhymed doggerel threatens to 
run out of puff, an injection of 
obscenities sends it staggering 
onward. All of the characters 
swear practically all of the 
time, not excepting Maggie 
Steed's gallant stab at a 
Thatcher impersonation (aka 
Maggot Scratcher). Barry 
Stanton's Pimp and Bill 
Stewart's Nit (Pym and Non ). 

The virtues of the author's 
production are more manifest, 
with five submariners describ- 
ing balletic patterns on the 
chalked silhouette of HMS 
Conqueror to the beat of a 
drum — they imitate pistons, 
parody physical jerks and 
write letters home in unison - 
and the stark lighting is es- 
pecially effective. 

The really good news is that 
the Half Moon's plastic seats 
now have foam-rubber covers. 

Martin Cropper 


Dance 

Warmth 
of frozen 
assets 

The Snow Queen 
Covent Garden 

Premiered at Birmingham in 
April. Da' id Binile>‘s The 
Sn r»ir Queen opened a 
fortnight's season by the 
Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet. 

You would nc\cr guess 
from the wav it looks that both 
BintkVs choreography ami 

Terry Banleu's handsome de- 
signs have been made so ihat 
they are adaptable to any 
theatre the company v isitx on 
ns tours. Settings and dances 
both open up gratefully . 

Since Birmingham. Binticy 
has made a feu small cuts to 
quicken the action. The work 
stiil runs nearly three hours 
and as with most ballets of 
that length there are moments 
when one wishes he had 
wielded his pruning knife a 
little more boldly. That is 
chiefly true of the first act. 
mainly concerned with setting 
out t lie complex background 
of the story. 

It takes a while before the 
events begin to grip, and then 
their hold is lcmprunty loos- 
ened again by an episode in 
which the Snow Queen and 
her attendants, disguised as 
travelling players, act out the 
legend of spring overcoming 
winter. 

The point of it is for the 
little hoy Kav io he prov oked 
into running from the crowd 
of spectators to defend the 
beautiful Snow Queen, thus 
pulling himself into her 
power, but the scene drags on 
longer than its dramatic or 
choreographic interest. 

Luckily things improve 
from then, with the appear- 
ance of an apparently magic 
puppet to tempt Kay into 
danger, and a clever encounter 
for the Queen and her v ictim 
which gives the illusion of a 
real duel, even though the boy 
(Grant Thunder) is too young 
actually to support Samira 
Saidi. 

The chief interest in act two 
comes from the spirited male 
dancing. This company’s men 
do not have the energy or the 
technique of their Bolshoi 
equivalents recently seen here, 
but they show plenty of verve 
and Binticy has orchestrated 
their dances for maximum 
effect. 

It is an indication of how- 
much more spirited Roland 
Price has become as the 
grown-up Kay that his bound- 
ing. wide-ranging solo now 
righilv trumps the clever and 
amusing bottle dance with 
which Michael O'Harc was 
able to steal the show before. 

Apart from the Snow- 
Queen. the only woman who 
gets much to do before the 
second interval is Kay's fian- 
cee Gcrda. and although 
Leanne Benjamin has bright- 
ened her solos in that role, the 
character does not yet make a 
great impact. That is probably 
panly Binticy ‘s fault but per- 
haps a more exuberant dancer 
could make more of it. The 
women's dances in act three 
and the final coup in which 
the Snow- Queen freezes her 
victim back into his childish 
self bring the ballet to an 
effective end. 

It is in the nature of the 
thrcc-aci ballet to lack the 
concentration of BintkVs 
shorter works, and Bramwcll 
Tovey's score, based on 
Mussorgsky, is serviceable 
rather than inspired. But this 
Sin nv Queen is a workmanlike 
piece that offers interest and 
enjoyment. 

John Percival 


Concert 

Bavarian RSO/ £“‘4 %«Jg. ™ 

TY^viS died in 1 963. Hartmann 

. played an important role in 

Albert Hall/RadlO 3 establishing Bavarian Radio's 

— 1 — post-war musical eminence: 

On the one hand we had Sir this orchestra's choice. 

Colin Davis's interpretation. . Bul J 11 * 

On the other, the playing of piece ' fished Jp 1953, 
The Bavarian Radio Svm- *O unded 100 much like an 


‘■THIS MUST BE ONE OF THE FUNNIEST PLAYS IN LONDON. 

IT IS ALSO THE MOST DISTURBING” 

“A QUITE ASTONISHING PLAY, VERY FUNNY 

AND MUCH DEEPEE THAN IT IOOKS” 


On the one hand we had Sir 
Colin Davis's interpretation. 


“ALAN AYCKBOURN ISWHTING AT fflS BEST. 

The three central perforntancesof JUUA McKENZLE . MARTIN JARVIS and PETER BLITHE 
have a rontrolled v5tuosQbriIli2nce’ , 

" UNIMy TIMES 


V ' 


..Ki* >: 


“JULIA MCKENZIE gives a . «. M 
performance io take the breath 

. TUI LY TELEGRAPH • / ; 

“Thesort of theatrical suspen* [A -fl 

and emotional intensity that 
knocks you for six. Not even spSplp 

Coward or Ratigan could keep 

the creative juices flowtngso 
profuseW or to such effect 

iWlymaii 

KMJDEVMETHEAf . 

THE STkAND. LONDON SC2 J 

01.8369987/836 5645 1 _ 



•flJLlAMcKENZE gives the 
performance of her career. Sbeis 
\ admirably abetted by 
I MARTIN JARVIS. PETER BUTHE 
I andjOSEPWNETEWSON” 


“A Play of great complexity, 
intensity apd tangled emotions. 
An evening of tremendous 
theatrical excitement. An 18 
earatgoldshew" 

or'First Call’240 7200 

24 HOUR'’ DAY (BOOKING FEE) 


the Bavarian Radio Sym- 
phony Orchestra. 

It would be superficial to 
suggest that this performance 
of Bruckner's Seventh Sym- 
phony was disappointing be- 
cause the patchy reality of the 
latter blunted the imaginative 
insights of the former. Balance 
sheets arc not so simply drawn 
up when one recalls that Davis 
has been principal conductor 
of this orchestra for 13 years. 

.Although he has shaped the 
Bavarians into an alert, pleas- 
antly-blended ensemble which 
carries out his subtle shadings 
with discipline, the fart is that 
the string sound is too timid 
for these great curving mel- 
odics. the wind principals 
showed little character, and 
the brass were thin and wob- 
bly. “Central European" brass 
timbre has its points, but this 
crackle and pop has no place 
in Bruckner's lustrous fortes. 

Yet in places the perfor- 
mance had eloquence. One 
thinks of the absolute string 
pianissimo Davis achieved at 
the opening, of the dance-like 
contrasts he instilled in both 
outer movements, and of his 
elegant phrasing in the trio of 
the Scherzo. 

Preceding Bruckner was an- 
other symphony, the Sixth 


efficiently-crafted catalogue of 
out-dated styles. The neo- 
classical fogue for chortling 
bassoons and clarinets was 
livclv enough, and some of the 
wistful melodic material was 
distinctive, but the climaxes 
had an artificial feeL 

Richard Morrison 

W If you like 
music, 

▼ you’ll love 

AlGenriepeopk,youme« 
the kind of inteUigeoE 
cultured single professionals 
that -you would expect to 
meet at the home of a 
favourite friend. Vtfe take 
the utmost care to introduce 
you to people whom we 
fed you will value as 

friends and possible 
lifetime partners. 

Hall ns fora comrdimentarv' 
consultation: 

01*581 4393 01-3512089 
GeiulqxopfclUd 
13 Knightabridge Green 
London SWlXTQL 



1 1 EggBSBSttaa l I'T I 1 r" i' n ' i 

STARTS TOMORROW 

: * o'j , } ■ 

■ C/r. YjA'rm JJ'// 203 Hovcrstoclc Hill NW1 




TOTTENHAM qT.RD.636 6148 






Recruits to new 
police unit get 
personality test 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 


A personality assessment is 
to be carried out by Scotland 
Yard on candidates for the 
800-strong emergency reserve 
forming later this year to 
combat public disorder and 
replace the Special Patrol 
Group. 

The assessment will provide 
a guide to police officers' 
abilities to handle stress and 
work within a team often 
operating at the sharp and 
sensitive end of street 
policing. 

The decision to use the 
assessment, known as 
personality profile analysis, 
comes in the wake of a 
renewed Yard internal in- 
vestigation earlier this year 
.into an alleged attack on five 
north London youths by 
members of a police unit. 

Personality profile analysis 
- widely used for many uears 
in industry — has so far been 
used only for candidates seek- 
ing to become police instruc- 
tors at the Metropolitan Police 
training centre at Hendon, 
north London. 

It has not been applied to 
any operational units or to 
officers on the beaL 

Now it will be used to assess 
officers answering a police 
order sent out last month 
seeking candidates to join the 
new emergency reserve, which 
will form territorial support . 


groups in the eight London 
police areas. 

The groups will total 800 
officers and membership will 
be drawn from the SPG and 
what are called district sup- 
port units, set up to handle 
public order problems. 

The new groups will be 
formed using a process which 
includes an interview with 
deputy assistant commis- 
sioners in each police area, the 
assessment and a selection 
board. SPG officers, totalling 
some 280, will form die core 
but will not be interviewed by 
DACs as they have gone 
through a selection proa 
They will, however, ace 
assessment 

The assessment would take 
about IS minutes and results 
will then to be analysed by the 
Yard's training department, 
which will produce a report 
which will go to a selection 
board of senior officers. 

Chief Supt Alan Wright, a 
member of the planning unit 
within the Yard's training 
section, said the assessment 
"is not a psychological test It 
is something which will help 
the board, giving them more 
information about candidates. 
It will highlight strengths and 
weaknesses. 

“It is not a test but an 
indication of how someone is 
likely to behave.” 


Israeli jets miss target 


Continued from Page 1 
tary communique — “accurate 
hits" on their targets. 

But the planes missed the 
ammunition dump and their 
rockets fell on several rows of 
small stores and car repair 
shops, destroying at least m) of 
them and killing three 
Palestinians, two of them 
women. 

The various Palestinian 
groups in Sidon, however, are 
still expecting Israeli retali- 
ation for the Istanbul syna- 
gogue massacre to be visited 
upon them, and they realised 
yesterday — the Israelis them- 
selves later made dear — that 
the Sidon raid was merely part 
of a series oflsradi air attacks 
on the south of Lebanon. 


Yesterday's kidnapping in 
west Beirut took a depress- 
ingly familiar form. Gunmen 
kidnapped Mr Victor Kenou, 
who is in charge of 39 Lions 
clubs in Lebanon and Syria — 
and is himself of Syrian origin 
— as he was travelling along 
the Rue Clemenceau 

It seems more than likely 
that his kidnapping, like that 
of Mr Reed on Tuesday, was a 
deliberate challenge to the 
Syrians. 

The latest kidnappings may 
be the result of a gun battle 
three days ago in the Chi yah 
district of west Beirut in which 
theShia Amal miK tia. allies of j 
the Syrians, fought the pro- 
Iranian Hezbollah “Party of I 
God” 


4 iV.MNAi' .*'.v ■ •> 

Relatives mounting over the coffin of a victim of Saturday's synagogue attack at the Jewish cemetery in Istanbul. 


Funeral 
for victims 

in temple 
of death 

Continued from page 1 
small cemetery in .8»* ves 
which formed a s wnijorcie. 

The bereaved families later 
partook of a meal of boded 
pgpc the symbol of Ufes 
unending ode. There were 
wreaths from the President 
and Prime Minister ofTurkey. 

Mr Yildirim Akbulut, 
Turkey’s Minister of the In- 
terior, who represented the 
Government at the cemetery, 
has confirmed that patholo- 
gists have not only been able 
to retrieve the fingerprints 
from the mutilated bodies of 
the two dead assailants, put 
have also been in the position 
to provide identikit pictures 
for Interpol 

The authorities here say 
that they are now convinced 
that, contrary to eye-witness 
descriptions, only two terror- 
ists entered the synagogue. AU 

143 bullets fried during the 
carnage had been fired from 
the two Polish sub-machine 
is that were later found in 
j synagogue: 

Istanbul police has also 
established mat the sub-ma- 
chine guns were brought in in 
detached, numbered, pieces 
and assembled here. 

An anonymous letter re- 
ceived by the semi-official 
Anatolia News Agency, 
claimed that the weapons were 
brought into the country by an 
Arab family and handed over 
to the two assassinsduring a 
meeting in a luxury hotel in 
Istanbul. 

The authorities say that the 
unexploded Soviet grenades 
found in the synagogue were 
of the same type as those 
seized by Ankara police when 
they thwarted an attack 
against the American Officers* 
Club there earlier this year. 
Several Arab and Iranian stu- 
dents were questioned by 
police, but none was detained. 


Mother shot dead 


San Sebastian (Reuter) — A 
former Basque guerrilla leader 
who bad accepted a govern- 
ment pardon was shot dead in 
front of her children yest- 
erday. • 

Witnesses said Maria Dolo- 
res Gonzalez Catarain aged 
37, was shot at point-blank 
range in her home town of 


Vilaftanca de Oidizia, near 
San Se bastian 

Senora Catarain, once 
sought in connection with the 
murder of Prime Minister 
Luis Canero Blanco in 1973, 
was the highest-ranking for- 
mer ETA member to have 
accepted a government 
pardon. 


Two paratroopers are charged 


Two paratroopers were re- 
manded in civilian police 
custody yesterday on ctarges 
linked to the then of miiit 
equipment worth £53,( 
(Stewart Tendler writes). 

The soldiers, from the 2 
Parachute Regiment will ap- 
pear in court again tomorrow. 
They were arrested under the 


Prevention of Terrorism Act 
by Hampshire detectives, after 
equipment went missing from 
an Aldershot barracks. 

Yesterday the two soldiers 
appeared before a special ses- 
sion of Aldershot Magistrates 

Private Peter David Sey- 
mour, aged 30, was charged 
with the burglary of a store- 


room at Brunieval Barracks; 
trespassing between Septem- 
ber 5 and 8; and stealing 
military equipment worth 
£52,985. He was also accused 
of having an FN automatic 
rifle without authority. 

Corporal Neil John Dance, 
aged 25, was charged with 
handling stolen goods! 


Daniloff 
suggests 
diplomatic 
way out 

Continued from page 1 
was part of an attempted KGB 
set-up mounted apinsthimin 
1 984, when the ~pncst made 
repeated efforts to contact him 
and to provide him. **“> 
information, claiming mcon- 
uruously to have received ms 
name from a secretary m the 
Foreign Ministry'. 

In an account of the rase 

printed this «k J>>* 
it was claimed that a US 
diplomat expelled from Mos- 
cow in I9S5 for spying had 
sent a letter to Roman which 

was in KGB hands and which 

referred to Mr Daniloff The 
letter began: “Dear friend we 
want to assure you that the 
letter delivered by you to the 
journalist on January 24 
reached its address. We appre* 
date your work greatly . . . 

The new charge, quite sepa- 
rate from that concerning the 
receipt of an envelope con- 
taining military maps for 
which Mr Daniloff was orig- 
inally seized, was described by 
his wife as pan of a .sophis- 
ticated plot" by the RGB ti> 
build up a case against mm 
relating to his journalistic 
activities as correspondent of 
the magazine US News <£ 
World Report 

According to Mrs Daniloff 
aged 51, whose own conduct 
during the affair has won 
praise from diplomats and 
journalists alike, a number of 
the family's many Russian 
friends — made during a total 
of nine years in the Soviet 
Union — had rung to express 
their support for Mr Daniloff 
since his arrest. 

“When you know that they 
know that all the calls are 
being listened in to, that takes 
considerable courage", she 
said. “Some of them have also 
sent food for him.” 

Mrs Daniloff revealed that 
her husband was finding the 
four hours of KGB interroga- 
tion a day exhausting and was 
looking drawn. On Tuesday, 
he had still been dressed in the 
clothes he was wearing when 
arrested 10 days earlier. 

• WASHINGTON: The Sen- 
ate has approved by 93 to 0 
votes a resolution denouncing 
the Soviet Union for seizing 
Mr Daniloff on what it called 
“trumped-up charges" of spy- 
ing (Mohsin Ali writes). 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 



0 




Today's events 


Royal engagements 
Princess Anne visits Christ- 
church Hospital Dorset, 1 l;and 
later opens Blaadford Commu- 
nity Hospital Blandford Fo- 
rum. 12.45. 

The Duke of Kent, as Honor- 
ary Fellow, lunches with the 
Institution of Electronic and 
Radio Engineers. Telecom 
Tower. Maple St, Wl, 12.30. 
New exhibitions 
The CTarcmoms Open: an- 
nual submiss' on exhibition; 
Arts Council Gallery, Bedford 
Si Belfast; Tues to Sat 10 to 6 
(ends Sept 26). 

New work by Catherine Mao 
pherson; Exhibition Gallery, 
555 Silbury Boulevard, Milton 
Keynes; Mon to Wed 9 to 6, 
Thurs and Fri 9.30 to 8, Sat 10 
to 5 tends Oct II). 


Exhibitions in progress 

Overflowing Fountain: the 
achievements of the Glasgow 
Museum; The Hunterian Mu- 
seum. Glasgow University; Mon 
to Fri 9.30 to 5, Sal 9.30 to 1 
(permanent). 

Roman Castleford; Castleford 
Museum Room, The Library, 
Carlton Sl Castleford; Mon to 
Fri 2 to 5 (ends in 1987). 

Twenties Style: women's fash- 
ion in the 1920’s: The Museum 
of Costume, Assembly Rooms. 
Bennett Sl Bath; Mon to Fri 
9.30 to 6. Sun 10 to 6 (ends 
February I. 

Memory Lanes: period street 
scenes and displays of motor* 
history; Royalty on the Rc 
the support of the Royal Family 
to the British Motor Industry; 
History of the Cycle: cycling 
through the ages; and Le Mans; 
The Museum of British Road 
Transport, Coventry; Mon to Fri 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,148 



ACROSS 

1 Bottom part of arm (6). 

5 Spy's valet or slave (SL 

9 Like bold characters I 
printed wrongly? (8). 

10 Old coin I made out as a 

crown (6). 

11 Italian who discovered in 
archives Puccini piece (8). 

12 Liberal stood for office — 
balanced type? (6). 

13 Fitness and ability’ (SL 

15 Turned up in partnership 
and caused revolution (4). 

17 Run slow like hunter, and 
do badly in race (4). 

19 Mates beading East to a part 
of Pacific (5.3). 

20 Lash out with an old battle- 
cty(6). 

21 Appropriate 'oliday town in 
North (8). 

22 It brings a bit of red to a 
culinary preparation (6). 

23 Criticism of Marx in Ger- 
man city (8). 

24 Prediction from diplomats 
assigned new roles (8). 

25 Attempt to hold object in 

( 6 ). 


down . 

2 Gentleman at university 

gets second (6-2). 

3 Continental blend, a pure 

0M * S> ' Concise Crossword page 10 


4 Hard work put an end to 
children's game (9). 

5 Wicked porcelain fraud han- 
dled in court (9.6). 

6 Inhuman killing, such as 
that of Claudius (7). 

7 Scots festival gets poetic in- 
spiration at medium speed 

8 Put up tropical bird in Hal 
perhaps (8). 

14 Twice abandon soldier in 
North Africa {63). 

15 Type showing unusual fair- 
ness (S). 

16 Reigning champion loses 
top supporter (8). 

17 Generosity, we hear, in I8*s 
capital (8). 

18 It's distilled to clans, a large 
number, here (8). 

19 Long established race (7). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,147 


10 to 4, Sat and Sun 10 to 5.30 
(permanent). 

Last<±anceto see 

New work by gallery artists; 
Bohun Gallery, 13 Station Rd, 
Hcnley-on-Thvaes. 10 to 5.30. 

Work by the Lake Artists 
Society; New Hall Grasmere. 
10 to 5J0. 

Wildlife by Robert Davisofn; 
An Gallery, Civic Centre. 
Mount Pleasant, Tonbridge 
Wells, 10 to 5-30. 

The Art of Etching: early 20th 
century primm along; and con- 
temporary British glass; The 
Open Eye Gallery. 75 Cumber- 
land Sl Edinburgh, 10 to 12. 
Music 

Concert by the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Orc h es tr a; St David’s 
Hall Cardiff. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Mark Wood; 
St John's, Wolverhampton, 7.30. 

Concert by the Halfe Or- 
chestra; Dc Montfort Hall 
Leicester, 7.30. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Glasgow Cath- 
edral 7.3a 
Talk 

Clouds and stones, by Bob 
Matthews: Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre, 
Brockbole, Windermere, 3 JO. 
General 

Ashton Keynes Festival: craft 
fair, market stalls, flower festi- 
val displays and exhibitions; 
musical recital today. Church of 
the Holy Cross, 7.30; Ashton 
Keynes, near Cirencester, today 
anti! Sun. 

The Seventh British Craft 
Slow: 80 crafts demonstrated 
and wotK by over 180 craftsmen 
and women; Latoa Hoo, Bed- 
fordshire, today until Sun, 10 to 
6 . 


Roads 



London and South-east? 
A2I5: Telecom work between 
Grange Hill and White Horse 
Rd. S Norwood; traffic will 
occasionally be reduced to a 
single alternate line controlled 
by temporary lights. City of 
London: Roadworks just off 
Tower Hill have reduced 
roadwiths in both Mansell St 
(A 1210) and Shorter HilL 
The Midlands: MS: Major 
long term work between junc- 
tions 4 (Bromsgrove) and 5 
(Droitwich). Ml: Contraflow 
between junctions 20 and 21 
near Lutterworth. Al: Contra- 
flow N or Newark at Cromwell. 

Wales and West M4: Inter- 
mittent lane closures on both E 
and westbound carriageway be- 
tween junctions 46 and 47 
(Swansea). M5c Various lane 
closures on N and southbound 
carriageway between junctions 

24 and 26 near Taunton. M4; 
Two sets of contraflow S of Usk 
at junction 24 (the turn off for 
the A449X single line traffic 
southbound on approach to 
Ccrfdra roundabout. 

The North: M6: Lane closures 
at junctions 23 (Merseyside); no 
serious delays. M62: Contraflow 
between junction 7 and Bur- 
ipnwQQd services, Cheshire. 

A69/A6127: Improvement 
work at the Eighton Lodge 
junction. Gateshead; care re- 
quired- 

Scodand: A8t: Southbound 
carriageway dosed between 
Mary hill Rd and Bearsden at 
Canniesbum TolL Strathd 

diversions and long del 

M80/M9: Single line traffic 'at 
Bannockburn interchange 
A934: Single line traffic with 
temporary lights near the A933 
[junction, N of Fnockheira 


New books — paperback 


The Literary EeHor*s selection of interesting books pubishad this week : 
FICTION 

Life and Pale, by Vasty Grossman, translated by Robert Chandler 
(Flamingo, £5.951 

The Left-Handed Woman, by Peter Handle, tr an s la ted by Ralph Manheim 
(Methuen, £235) 
the Swimming Pool 
The Wondrous Pfiyri da n. 

(Dent £3.95) 

Theflby Rat 
ION 

How to Beat Unemptoyroenl 
Roman London, by Jenny Haf 
The Complete Upmanship, by Stephe 
The Wsskig Win, by Michael Wharton (Hogarth, £4^0) 

Tho Use and Abuse of HMoty, by M.I. Ffrifey (Hogarth, £4.95} PH 


I Season, by Rose Tremaih (Sceptre,^JL95) 

by Jorge de Sena, translated by. Mary Fttlon 


Theft, by Rachel Ingalls (Faber. £235) 
NON-FICTK 


Tho pound 


Bank 


22.40 

6&50 

2.115 

124X1 

7.75 

1034 

3.18 

2054X1 

1175 

1.155 

21554X1 

2C24» 

3458 

11JS 

22550 

4.70 


Bar* 

Sets 

2392 

21.20 

6230 

24125 

11410 

74* 

084 

3411 

moo 

1125 

14195 

20754)0 


AosftafiaS 
Austria Sch 
B^gMBFr 
Canada* 

Denmark Kr 
Finland Mkfc 
France FT 
Germany Da 
Greece Dr 
Hong Kang $ 

Ireland Pi 
RafyUra 
Japan Ten 
Nethedenda GM 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
Sooth Africa Rd 
SpafciPta 

Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 
USAS 

-YugoaUnrid Qnr- 
Ratal Price Mae 3817. 

London: The FT index dosed down 13L2 
at 13173. 


10.70 


15*5 


140 

10.78 

21350 

44» 

19550 

10.15 

2545 

1-475 

700410 


Telehone aid 


Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 1 1 am. 3 JO pm and 6 
pm. 


Our address 


{DformaUpn for InehMon In Tho 
Times Information serv ice should be 
sen! Jo: The Edl lar, T TTS. Tho Times. 
PO Be*, 7. l viTBUUa Street. London. 


A factsbeet outlining the help 
available to elderly or disabled 
people towards the cost of 
installing and using a telephone 
was published yesterday by Age 
Concern. 

The leaflet points out that 
although there is no rational 
scheme providing financial help 
with telephones lor elderly peo- 
ple. nor is there any fmandal 
help from the DHSS for those 
on Supplementary Benefii 
some quality for assistance. 

Telephone Cans - Sources of 
Financial Help is available free 
from the Information and Pol- 
icy Deparuneni Age Concern 
England, 60 Pitcairn Road, 
Mitcham, Surrey, CR4 311 (en- 
close a large so.e.). 


Warble fly Order 


Two warble fly infected areas 
are being declared this autumn 
in South-west England as part of 
the Ministry of Agriculture, 
Fisheries ana Food's campaign 
to eradicate the pesi 
The infected areas cover West 
Dorset and neighbouring parts 
of Somerset and South-west 
Devon, including Dartmoor, 
and will operate from Septem- 
ber 19 to November 22. 



Times Portfolio cold rules arc aa 

follows: 

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ff The limn is not a condition of 
takknq part. 

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group of public companies whose 
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Exchange and quoted in The Tunes 
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companies comorttng that Tbt will 
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of II shares. E\ery Portfolio card 

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3 Times portfolio tfivldemr win be 
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i be optimum moiemenl in prices n.* 
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dermon b final and no c orr es po n 
deiue uni! be entered mio 


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On MCh day your unique set of e>«hl 
numbers will represent commercial 
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days Times”* - * m,bUshe * in 
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dhKtend claims 


Weather 

forecast 

A depression over Scand- 
inavia will fill slowly and 
drift NE, with an anti- 
cyclone r emaining near 
southern Iceland. A cool 
NW airstream wQI cover 
most of the British Isles, 
with showers in the NE. 


6 am to midnight 





London, SE, central S England, 
Rfidands, S Wales: Dry with sunny 
intervals; wind light and variable; 
max temp 17C (63F). 

East AngSs, E, NE England 
Borders, E<£tburgh, Dundee, Glas- 
gow, Argyll, NW Scotland: Sunny 
intervals, with a sSght chance of a 
shower; wind NW moderate; max 
temp 15C (59F). 

Channel Islands, SW England: 
Dry with sunny intervals, becoming 
cloudy with perhaps rain in places 
late; wind E fight becoming mod- 
erate; max temp 17C (63F\ 

N Wales. NW, central N England, 
take District, Isle of Man, SW 
Scotland, Northern Ireland: Dry 
with sunny intervals; wind N or NW 
fight; max temp 15C (59F). 

Aberdeen, Central Highlands, 
N£ Scotland, Orkney; 
Sunny intervals, scat- 
tered showers; wind NW moderate 
to fresh; max temp 12C (54F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday: Mainly similar, but some rain 
in parts of the south at times. 



High Tides 


TODAY AM 

London Bridge 7.04 
Abwdeen 6.47 

AMMOMiah 12-06 

5*55 <34 

Cnittf 
P w wpal 
Dover 
Falmouth 
Glasgow 

IlfllVtCQ 

83“ 

Mecerebe 
LeWi 
Liverpool 
Lowestoft 
Margate 
tUford Haven 


ssr 


1050 

4.10 
1020 
552 
5-04 
343 

1142 

11.21 

8.11 
4.21 
24S 
5.13 

11.40 


Porthud 

PoftrenoaOi 




b-bliie sky: bc-bfue sky and cloud: c- 
ctoudy: o-overeast r rog: ad Bate h- 
haU: mw-mist: r-rain: 5-snow; U1- 

thunderstorm: Mhewaj. 

Arrows snow wind direction, -wind 
spe ed (r npti) drcJed. Tempe ra t u re 
cenugFade. 


Seedre w pion 


Teee 
WHoteon-Nae 


1037 

1059 

10.01 

4^8 

'4.14 

4.10 

11.44 

9.18 

5412 


HT PM 
6.1 7.19 
3J 727 
11A 1227 
35 4.56 
12.12 
4.7 1123 

5.6 4J8 
45 1053 

4.7 020 
3^ 5-22 

5.0 4.05 
6l5 

7.6 11.51 

<9 044 

03 4.55 

2.1 3.09 

4 3. 537 

5.8 

S3 11.09 
02 11 3S, 

4.7 1037 
12.06 

41 5.18 
5^ 445 
4.0 443 
84) 

47 9£1 
08 021 


02Bam 7J2Spm 


TOe meaawed in reeftes: Im-ajwm. 


353pm 
res quarter 041 am 


1032pm 


Around Britain 


Lighting-op time 


EAST COAST 


Sun Rain 
tw» In 


Max 
C F 


London 755 pm to 64X) am 
Bristol 8.05 pm to 6.10 am 

' 8.12pm to & 08 am 
8LQ5 pm to 64J7 ren* 
8.15 pm to 623 am 


Brid fcre ton 
Cromer 
Lowestoft 
Clacton 


Marnste 

SOUTHC 


941 

82. 

104) 

8.1 

10.1 


COAST 


FUkeatone 


Yesterday 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
doud; I. fain r. rahr. 4 sun. 

C F C F 

s 1152 Guernsey s 1661 
c 14 57 If — c 11 52 
s 1355 Jeieey s 1864 
c 1559 London f 1559 
CanSft C1152 WncMnar fT3S 
EdMurab s 11 52 Nerecasfte s 1356 
Glasgow s 1355 H’nMswey s 1254 


LBSeknmtn 

BooxirR 


flienlirn 

•"■Rnn 


Poole 


Anniversaries 


Births: Pierre de Sousard, 
poet Venddme, France, 1524 
(or 25): James Thomson, n 
(The Seasons). Adnam Rox- 
burgh, 1700; Sir James Jeans, 
physicist, London. 1877; 
D.H. Lawrence, Eastwood, 
Notts. 1885. 

.Deaths:- D&rid Ricardo, econ- 
omist. Gaicombe Park, 
Gloucestershire. 1823. Moham- 
med AS Jinuah, first governor- 
general erf Pakistan. . 1947-48, 
Karachi 1948, Field-Marshal 
Jan Christian Smuts, prime 
minister of South Africa. 1919- 

24. 1939-48. near Pretoria. 1950: 
Robert Service, novelist and 
poet. Lancieux. Fiance. 1958. 
Nikita Khrushchev, premier of 
USSR 1958-64. Moscow, 1971. 
Salvador Aflende. president of 
Chile 1970-73 Santiago. 1973 


(OTIMFS NEWSPAPERS .. 

1986 Prmtefl ny London PuK 
(W Limited of 1 vwpuub .. .. 

Loudon- FI 9XN TTrurway Snum 
rer 11 

imrewi a ihe Pos Office 


Wsymomh 

Erenoulb 

Teignmociai 

& 

Pdflaws 


WESTC 
Scat* We* 
Ntmarey 


5.1 

83 

9^ 

9.4 

. 10.0 . 
105 
11.1 
11.0 
11.1 


107 

10J 

1CL5 

103 

97. 

97 

a.1 

39 

2.1 

8.1 

0£ 


- 15 59 swmy 
-. 15 59 sunny. 

- 15 59 sunny 

- 16 61 sunny 

- 15 SB sunny 

- .16 61 sunny 

- 16 81 bright 

- 18 64 sunny 

- 17 63 stray 

- 17 63 sunny 

- 17 63 stray 

- 18 64 sunny 

- 16 61 surmy 
■ 16_ 61 Sunny 
; t7 63 sunny 


Itacoob* 

Tmby 

CahtynBoy 


Sun Rain 
hre in 

9.7 I 
11-4 - 

116 - 
109 - 


Dougin 
ENGLAND AND WALES 


95 

95 


72 


16 61 surra 

- 17 63 sunny 

- 15 59 stray 
15 59'Sunny 

- .15 59 sunny 

- 18 61 surmy 

■ 16 61 sunny 

- 16 59 sunny 

- 17 63 firtafit 

- 17 73 stray 

17 63 sunny 

■ 25^? ^ 

18 61 sunny 


London 
B*tam Airpt 
Bristol (CW) 108 
C^rdlfffCbfl 105 
11 -2 

B'pool. Airpt 11 7 
Monch o f r 92 
Nottingham 98 

7.1 

CmWo 94 

SCOTLAND 
£ ***««*■ 88 
Prashwc* 10.0 

Otegow 92 

?>— 23 

sssr. u 

WkA 

(Jmfoas \2 

A h fdt en 95 

StAwd rras 78 
Erimburgh B3 

NOptERN IRELAND 
Boftas 98 


MAX 

C F 

15 59 sunny 
15 59 sunny 
15 59 surmy 
15 99 stray 

15 59 sunny 

18 64 sunny 

16 61 surmy 

17 63 sunny 
16 61 smw 
15 59 sursif 
15 59 sunny 
15 59 stray 
16-61 *wmy 
15 59 sunny 
15 59 sumy - 

14 57 sunny 

15 59 sunny 

15 $9 sumy 
13 55 doixff 
13 55 ahowars 
9 46 ram 

11 52 showon 
13 55 Showers 
13 55 cloudy. 

16 61 sunny •• 
IS 59 sunny' 



J \ 4 


L 


Hr 

02 

05 

108 

93 

45 

5A 

43 

45 

36 

47 

7.J 

4.7 

841 

23 


5.7 

3.0 

45 

1.8 

4.1 
S3 

46 


318 


•J 


%/tf 

•Wl "• % , 
1^ 

v .. 



ylfi . 

fcJ § 


* « 


Thososro Tuesday’s figures 


Abroad 


■auDAYic emuttd.driate.f t* am. *.3^ 

C F 

6 2* 75 Cologn e 


- 15 59 sunny 


Ajaccio 

AkretW 

Aiex'driB 

Algiers 

Ansfdm 


BMnbi 

atwbods* 

Breeotat 

n , ■ti[ 

DOTTDI 


BiariHi 

Border 

BouTOo 

B t ussela 

Budapst 

B Aires' 

Cairo 

CspoT* 


s 28 82 cum 
f 29 84 Crete 

* 29 8*JDut«i 

e 15 a OiArovmk 
3 26 79 Free 
» 36 37 Fl of ance 
* ■ ftredtftst 
s 24 75 Funchal 
_ ■ Geneva 
If 31 88 GBbraitar 

* 16 B1 HetoftW 

ISSBff . 

s 15 59 jo*buiq- 
3 22 72 Karaefi 
LPatmoa 

I 19 66 Locarno 


JUS hiss- ifiiS B SS 1 


■C F 

f IS SB Majorca 
S 15 gadags 

S 27 61 Usfts 
1 14-57 MaWne 
sfflT! MeodeoC 
■ 25 77 Mrat- 
I 24 75 Mian 

I 26 79 Moscow 
e 17 S Ksfcii 
s 28 82 Nairobi 
> 14 57 NUa 
1 30 86 

c 13 55 N Voric* 

1 Z7 81 Me* 
s 35 95 Oslo ■ 

* 22 72 Paris 

I 2fl 64 PoHm 
a 25 77 Por» 
e 24 75 Prague 

* 21 70 


. C F 
I 24 73 
c 12 54 
S 18-64 


CMcago* c 21 70 

ardfurcti s 12 5*. Madrid 


s 14 57 Rio do J 
138.77 Byorih 


sn-snow L thunder' „ 
C F 

’“SIS83. 

ft 15 59 Strasb'm 

I*#® 

iSS S 

.8 22 72 Tbkyo 
8 23 TSTrirmCf 
c _ ttanif 
= If Varenda 
1 2S 8s Vncf 
1 18 66 Vlanleo 
» IS 58 Irima 

50 «SS» 

8 27 81 Washtanr 
f 21 70 w5E£o 
S 40104 Zuridr ■ 


fHiin 






Wtateaavsaable