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No 62,563 



wins support 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

The SDP conference, yes- fudge which left all sides ened the Alliance split 

dahming satisfaction. 

V .< 

terday endorsed the tough 
-stand on defence by Dr David 
Owen, the party leader. 

. It supported him and Mr 
David Steel, the Liberal lead- 
er,: in their bid to settle the 
■parties' differences cm the 
replacement of Polaris by 
pursuing their quest for a 
minimum European deter- 
rent- ■ 

: Alliance leadens win DOW 
intensify their drive few agree- 
ment on a minimum Euro- 
deterrent which Dr 
claims could be a 
^tinning point of British de- 
fence policy”, and which will 
as the least prove a handy 
diversion in the nuclear policy 
clash which has seen Alliance 
support drop shaiply in recent 
■opinion polls. 

■’ After yet another coded 
attack on his leadership style 
had been beaten off by a 
margin of 4-1, a delighted Dr 
Owen declared: “Fve got what 
I wpnted - the freedom to go 
for the Labour Party's jugular 
on the crucial question of 
defence at the next election.” 

Party chiefs breathed a sigh 
.of relief after the SDP con- 
ference. meeting at Harrogate, 
.bad - successfully wriggled 
through its biggest problem of 
the week - using the defence 
debate to send conciliatory 
messages to the liberals in 
advance of their conference 
next week without undermin- 
ing their own leader. They 
■mnnngpH if with a classic 

The conference pleased Lib- 
eral observers by fee concil- 
iatory time of platform 
speakers and by the SDP’s 
official welcome for the report 
of the Joint Alliance Commis- 
sion on defence, previously a 
bone of contention between 
Dr Owen and the Liberals. 

. Dr Owen's position was 
preserved by a morion 
confirming that the SDP de- 

Conference reports 4 
Dick Taverne 12 
Fkank Johnson 16 

fence policy agreed in. Tor- 
quay last year remains intact. 

However, the wording of 
the motion supporting exist- 
ing SDP policy was softened. 
Mr John Cartwright, spokes- 
man on defence, agreed that 
the 1985 policy was not en- 
. graved' on tablets of stone but 
would be interpreted -with 

His platform colleague Mr 
Charles Kennedy affirmed 
that the SDP was not insisting 
that an Alliance government 
should replace Polaris “come 
what may”, but only that it 
would do so in certain circum- 
stances on its judgement of 
future probabilities. 

The tactical needs of the 
moment were met Had the 
SDP insisted on a rigid inter- 
pretation of its past policy 
Liberal activists at fee party's 
assembly in Eastbcprne next 
week might well have deep- 

... . .by 

insisting on gon« bade to then- 
past policies, including the 
total rejection ofPolaris and _ 
refusal to axept the deploy- 
ment of cruise missile s. 

Liberal observers were 
heartened - too by the con- 
ference vote against fee water- 
ing down of opposition 
President Reagan's Star Wars 

The mood of reconciliation 
was set by Dr Owen himself at 
a fringe meeting the night 
before when he said: “We 
should not attempt to bounce 
our libera] partners into any- 
thing they haven’t been able to 
think through.” 

But if the Affiance leaders 
are now dear what is agreed 
fee general public are likely to 
be much less so. The basic 
difference between the Lib- 
erals and fee SDP on defence 

While the liberals are con- 
tent to postpone the question 
of replacing Polaris, believing 
that replacement of Britain's 
ageing deterrent will not be 
necessary nnlesc . Thing* go 
badly wrong in the super- 
powers arms' talks, fee SDP 
leadership’s view is that Po- 
laris win have to be replaced 
unless something remarkable 
lu mpens. 

Although the platform won 
every vote it wanted yesterday 
Dr Owen was warned that he 
does not speak for afl his 
members. Other delegates 
urged him not to make up 

Contined on page 16 col 1 


Hound in 

Poodle mascots and 
checks signal the 
dog days of autumn 
and a renaissance 
for tweeds that suit 

• The £16,000 prize 
in The Tunes Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition, double the 
usual amount 
because there was no 
winner the previous 
weekend, was shared 
on Saturday by two 
readers - Mrs Eileen 
Walsh, of High 
Wycombe, Bucks, 


New Moston, 

• The dally prize of 
£4,000 was also shared 
by two readers — 

Miss &D. Wood, of 
Chipping Campden, 
Glos, and Mr Keith 
Hawkins, of 
Pontypridd, Mid 
Sarnorgan. Details, 

Sphere is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio fist, page 
20; rules and howto 
pray* information 
service, page 16. 

Two men shot 

The. Provisional IRA has 
claimed responsibility for fee 
shooting yesterday ofa Loyal- 
ist wife paramilitary connec- 
tions ana a soldier shot dead a 
man running away Page 2 

Shop talk 

Big is no longer beautiful in 
fee retail business. A Special 
Report looks at fee transition 
in fee high street Pages 21-23 

Heme New* 2-5 
Orrrscas 6-9 
Appts 14.19 
Am 15 

Balks, deaths, 
marriages 14 
Bridge 6 

Business 17*20 
Che* 2 

Court U 

Cross w ords 10.16 
Diary 12 

1 Feature 10-12 1 







press Bonds 











ft * * * ft ft 

Liberals resisted 



had upper 
of fee SW for an 
offical merger wife fee liberal 
party. ; " - * 

Although other members of 
fee "gang of .four" Mr Roy 
Jenkins, Mis Shixky. Williams 
and Mr Bill Rodgers, believe 
increasingly feat such' a move 
should take place and would 
bolster the Alliance’s doctoral 
appeal, the SDP leader in- 
sisted fee time was not right 
and any joining of forces 
should evolve naturally. 

“At fee moment we decide 
things in fee Alliance rather, if 
you like, like fee Naio affi- 
ance, through negotiation, 
through give and take. And I 
think that's fee best way to 
grow together and to evolve 
together. Of course, ul- 
timately, the longer this pro- 
cess goes on, the more it's 
likely to lead eventually to a 
decision xo form an affiance 

“At that stage, I think it 
would be a genuine alliance 
party. It wouldn't, be the 
Liberal Party nor fee SDP.” 

fir- Owen, ixgerviewed on 
London . Weekend 
Television's Weekend World, 
accepted that in some parts of 
the., country, an effective 
merger .had already taken, 
place between local SDP and 
liberal parties, but in other 
areas there were still dif- 
ferences on policy or attitude. 

He added: ^So if s in fee 
process of evolution. But 
what's wrong wife evolution? 
I'm a doctor. I'm a natural 
scientist, feat’s fee whole way 
feat things happen, that’s 
what I wife to see in politics 
and life.” 

Even under a proportional 
representation voting system, 
there was a lot to be said for a 
four-party democracy. “At fee 
moment, certainly it's my 

Some Social Democrats are 
convinced a mercer will have 
to take place after the next 
general election, wife or with- 
out an electoral breakthrough, 
and believe fear party leader’s 
resistance stems from the fear 
that wife a majority of Liberal 
MPs, Mr Steel would become 
leader of the Affiance. 

Lord King is favourite 
to take over at BBC 

The way appears clear for 
Lord King of .Wartnaby to 
become fee BBCs new chair- 
man of governors (Nicholas 
Wood writes). 

It was disclosed yesterday 
that the British Airways chair- 
man is on the shortlist that Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, will submit to the 
Prime Minister within the 
next few days. 

Mrs Thatcher is known to 
favour fee appointment of fee 
cost-cutting industrialist who 
in five years has transformed 
the commercial prospects of 
fee state airiine, bringing it to 
fee brink of privatization. \ 

But Mr Hurd is understood 

to want a less abrasive figure 
to take over from Mr Stuart 
Young, who died late test 
montir.’ He is said to 
befightipg a rearguard actum 
to get his way. 

Other names said to be 
going forward include Lord 
Barnett, vice-chairman of fee 
governors, and Sir lan 
Trefeowan, former direct or- 

' The new chairman will face- 
a host, of problems, not least 
fee growing belief in the Tory 
party Hm* the BBC is biased 
g ganwr the Government. 

The Prince of Wales talking to Gurkha soldiers yesterday. (Photograph: Mark Pepper) 

Prince helps to heal Gurkha rift 

By David Sapsted 

Handshakes from the 
Prince of Wales yesterday 
marked the start of the healing 
process in Britain's relations 
wife its Gurkha soldiers. 

The Prince, Colonel-tn- 
Chief of fee 2nd King Edward 
Virs Goorkhas - fee Sirmoor 
Rifles - held private conversa- 
tions wife the men after taking 

fee salute in a ceremony at 
Church Crookham, Hamp- 
shire, to mark the battalion's 

Britain's long association 
wife fee Nepalese troops has 
come under strain this sum- 
mer after fee dismissal of 
more than 100 Gurkhas after 
an assault on their command- 
ing officer, and the jailing of 
five others from fee Church 

Crookham base on drugs 

Prince Charles, who spent 
four hours at fee event, spent 
much of the time dialling to 
fee Gurkhas, over lunch and 
on parade. 

One of fee organizers said: 
“We decided not to have 
speeches but to keep fee 
celebrations fairly informal” 
Spyal birthday, page 2 

killed In 

From Mario Modhmo 

Seventeen people, inducting 
a baby aged one month, were 
(rifled and 70 per cent of the 
btrikfings were damaged when 
an earthquake, measured at 
62 on the Richter «cate, lot 
Kahtmata in southern Greece 
on Saturday night. 

Scores of people were in- 
jured and dogs were flown in 
from Ranee to search for 
survivors in fee nrins ofa five- 
storey residential building 
near the seafront 
Authorities urged pea 
not to go near their homes 
r of more tremors. They 
fear a stronger quake could 
cause greater destruction. 

Resoie efforts in Kalamata 
centred on a high rise Mock of 
17 apartments which was flat- 
tened by fee earthquake, trap- 
ping an estimated 20-30 resi- 
dents. Workers pulled 14 
people out alive, including 
Mis Angelica Papadopoulos, 
wife ofa Greek Air Force offi- 
cer who is believed to have 
died wife their two children. 

Two brothers, aged 28 and 
34, were killed while trying to 
park their car outside when 
the building crashed. Three 
teenagers watching television 
in a second floor flat are still 

Officials say 112 b uilding s 
completely or partly collapsed 
and cracks scarred 1,150 old 
houses and buildings. One 
cannot, move in fee streets 
without stepping over 
mounds of rubble and broken 
glass. Streets are littered wife 
the contents of shop windows. 

Miss Claire Tanbridge from 
Strafford-on-Avon and Mr Si- 
mon Willey, from Ctapham, 
who were heatting for Mystra, 
said they saw people steeping 
alongside the track when their 
train pulled into Kalamata at 
7.30 am on Sunday. 

• Strike postponed: The exec- 
utive committee of the Union 
of Greek Public Employees 
announced that they had post- 
poned a strike against wage 
freezes and austerity measures 
which was due to start today 
because of fee emergency 
situation created after the 
earthquake (Reuter reports). - 
Photograph, page 6 

Secret deal over 
Daniloff fails to 
relieve tensions 

Prom Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Tension between fee super- 
powers over mutual charges of 
espionage remained high yes- 
terday despite the secret deal 
between Moscow and Wash- 
ington which secured the re- 
lease into ambassadorial 
custody bT. Mr .Nicholas 
Ddniloffi 'fee TjIS journalist, in 
exchange for a similar con-- 
cession to a Soviet physicist in 
the US, Mr Gennady 
Zakharov, also held on spying 

Giving his first account of 
his 13-day ordeal in Moscow’s 
grim Lefortovo military jail, 
Mr Daniloff yesterday accused 
fee KGB of subjecting him to 
^mental torture” and of fram- 
ing him wife planted material 
He also secured the Kremlin 
of running a campaign de- 
signed to undermine further 
his credibility. 

In protest against Mr 
DanflofPs treatment, a num- 
ber of key American speakers 
have polled, out of a debate 
between US and Soviet policy 
makers due to open today in 
the Baltic resort of Jurmala. 

At the same time, Soviet 
television announced plans to 
broadcast an interview with 
Mr Edward Lee Howard, fee 
Central Intelligence Agency 
defector who arrived here 
secretly last month. 

At one of fee most emotive 
press inferences seen in Mos- 
cow for many years, Mr 
Daniloff looking haggered 
and drained despite snazzy 
new clothing, told more than 
100 Western reporters that 
they were all potential targets 
for a similar KGB “set-up” 
that had led to him being 
“sand-bagged” by eight under- 
cover men on August 30. 

“I am afraid that what 

happened to me is a problem 
which involves all of yon,” Mr 
Daniloff told the correspon- 
dents, many of whom queued 
after to shake him warmly by 
fee hand. 

“I am afraid that my arrest 
is an intimidating act for you.' 
I only hope that you win 
respond to this in a firm way. I 
am sore that you win.” 
During his detention, Mr 
was kept In an 8 ft by 

Washington View, page 6 
Leading artide, page 13 

10 ft cell wife a Soviet stool 
pigeon. Both shared an open 
toilet in the cell and were 
woken every day at 6 am. 
Most of Mr DamkrfPs daily 
interrogation was carried out 
in Russian, although an inter- 
preter was available. 

“Even though I was not 
cold, I was not hungry, I was 
not abused in fee physical 
sense, the mere fact of being 
transferred into a prison cell. 

and friends, not being alio 
under fee Soviet system to 
have legal counsel, being 

down on 

From Diana Geddes 

All foreigners entering Fra- 
nce. including Americans but 
not EEC and Swiss nationals, 
will need a visa from tomor- 
row as pan of tough new anti- 
terrorist measures announced 
yesterday by fee French Prime 
Minister, M Jacques Chirac. 

The announcement, which 
includes the drafting of 2,000 
soldiers to patrol French bor- 
ders, came less than an hour 
after yet another bomb had 
gone off in fee capital this 
time in a car park under a pub 
on fee Champs Elysees, seri- 
ously injuring force people. 

There was an almost 
simultaneous blacking-out of 
television screens throughout 
Paris, after a short circuit 
caused by the explosion pro- 
duced a breakdown in fee 
Eiffel Tower transmitters. 

M Chirac, sounding calm 
and determined, said m his 
announcement on national 
radio that fee Government 
had decided on fee immediate 
introduction of four measures 
to help stamp out “fee leprosy 
which is terrorism”. 

The 2,000 drafted soldiers 
will also assist police and 
customs officials in airports 
and ports. 

Co-operation between Fran- 
ce's security and intelligence 
services, well known for jeal- 
ousies and rivalries, is to be 
streamlined and strengthened, 
and internationalco-operation 
on terrorism is to be strength- 
ened, including co-operation 
wife fee Soviet Union. 

Owners of shops, res- 
taurants, cinemas and other 
privately-owned public places 
are to be asked to introduce 
routine security checks, and 
all . public services will be 
required to do the same. 

M Chirac said these mea- 
sures had been taken in addi- 
tion to fee anti-terrorist 
legislation already introduced 
by the Government which 
provide, among other things, 
for specialist centralized 
courts to tty terrorists; spot 
identity cheques by police; 
extended detention without 
charge fbrsuspected terrorists; 
reduced prison sentences for 
convicted terrorists willing to 
turn “supergrass”; tighter 
restrictions on immigrants 
coming into fee country, and 
greater facility in fee expul- 
sion of unwanted foreigners. 

Twelve people of Middle 
East origin, arrested in a police 
raid on Friday following fee 
bomb attack at the Paris City 
Hall fee previous Monday, 
were still being detained lak 
night, awaiting expulsion 
without any charges having 
been brought. 

M Chirac insisted there was 
absolutely no question of free- 
ing fee three convicted Arab 
prisoners whose liberation has 
been demanded by the Beirut- 
based group which has carried 
out most of fee terrorist 
attacks in France this year. 

Baker to 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 

A plan to set up a network of 
some 20 government-funded 
secondary schools specializing 
in technical subjects, will be 
unveiled by Mr Kenneth 
Baker. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, at next 
month’s Conservative Party 

The move, fee first of- 
ficially sanctioned break with 
fee comprehensive system, 
will enrage the Labour Party 
and a large body or opinion in 
the teachers' unions. But it 
will hearten many right-wing 
Tory MPs who want radical 
steps aimed at extending pa- 
rental choice. 

The scheme is backed by 
Mrs Thatcher and Mr Nor- 
man Tebbiu party chairman, 
who believe that more money 
is not a sufficient answer, 
Mr Baker will seek to 
counter the charge feat he is 
paving fee way for a return to 
fee selective system, by stress- 
ing that specialist schools arc 
needed to meet the growing 
demands of industry for sci- 
entists and technologists. 

His proposals are closely 
modelled on a discussion 
paper drawn up in fee Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence under his predecessor Sir 
Keith Joseph. 

This envisaged 16 to 20 
“technology schools” in big 
cities, each catering for 1,000 
selected pupils, who would 
not pay foes. 

They would be admitted at 
fee age of 11 and from 14 to 18 
would concentrate on subjects 
such as the sciences, comput- 
ing, craft, design and technol- 
ogy and business studies. 

The new institutions would 
be funded directly from 
Whitehall and not through fee 
104 local education authori- 
ties which, under the 1944 
Education Act, are currently 
resportsible for fee £8 biffion- 
a-year schools system. 

The capital costs of setting 
up fee network are estimated 
at £5 million. 

It is not yet clear whether 
Mr Baker will announce an 
immediate go-ahead for the 
new schools or whether he will 
make their introduction a 
manifesto commitment. 

The shift towards a bigger 
place for technology in schools 
continues a process begun 
under Sir Keith's tenure of 
office, when the Technical and 
Vocational Education Initiar 
tive was launched in 1983. 

Its aim is to make fee 
curriculum more relevant to 
industry and commerce for 
fee 14 to 18 age group. Next 
tr, backed by a budget of 
3 million, the scheme is 
being extended to all schools. 

At fee same time, fee 
Government is giving univer- 
sities and polytechnics an 
extra £43 million by fee end of 
fee decade to pay for the 
training of 5,000 more en- 
gineers and technologists. 

interrogated for four hours a 
day for two weeks is a very, 
very hard burden,” he said. 
“Frankly, I have to tell you, it 
was mental torture.” 

Mr Daniloff, who had to 
delay his keenly-awaited press 
conference for 24 hours be- 
cause of his weak condition, 
said that after fee interroga- 
tion sessions - conducted by a 
civilized and sophisticated 
KGB colonel — it had been 
impossible to forget about his 
problems on returning to his 
cell Colleagues noted he ap- 
peared to have been greatly 
shaken by his ordeal 
Continued on page 16, col 6 

Norman takes the title 

Greg Norman, of Australia, 
won fee European Open golf 
championship at Sunningdale 
steamy when be beat Keo 
own, of Scotland, atfoe.first 
extra hole in a sudden-death' 

• Ian -Botham, Viv Rich- 
ards and Joel Garner helped 
Somerset to a three-wicket 
victory over Derbyshire in the 
John Flayer Special league 

matc h at Taunton, in what 
may have been the last game 
each will play for fee county. 

• Graham Turner was dis- 
missed yesterday as the man- 
ager of Aston Villa, fee first 
division football side, follow- 
ing his side's 6-0 defeat 
Nottingham Forest which 
them bottom of the table. 

Sport, pages 28-3032 

Minister surprised at lost Navy files 

The Ministry of Defence The ministry said yesterday: 

started an inquiry" yesterday ' “An inquiry has been' 
into how secret "Royal Navy launched to look at fee 
documents detailing big Cuts ' authenticity of fee documents 
in naval strength were lost and and, if they are authentic, how 
feen found on a river towpafe. they came to be lost. At this 
Mr Geoige Younger, Sec- stage, we are not prepared to 
retary of State for Defence, say what fee file contained.” 
denied that the Government The papers came from the 

because the new Type 23 
frigate could not be built fast 

A auxiliary ships would be 

• and fee Falklands patrol 
force could not be maintained. 
Other problems included a 

j, he said. “I 
*ve made it quite clear feat 
we intend the Navy to con- 
tinue at the present size.” . 

He denied feat - Polaris 
would be cut, or that : the 
Falklands force was too diffi- 
cult to maintain. However, be 

was planning reductions but 
was surprised at the drastic' 
oposals highlighted in the 
ipers, which he has not seen. 
The 60-page file, marked 
crct and confidential was 

OnilUig, Meat nwuu^, 

[lire, on Friday by a couple 
rho handed it to The Mail oh 
'unday. . 

The file, now back wife fee 

Directorate of . Naval Staff 
Duties and were due to go to a 
meeting of senior naval offi- 
cers tomorrow, tire newspaper 
reported. They showed: 

• Britain's Polaris submarine 
force would fen in numbers by 
1996 before the Trident 
replacements were in swice; 

• five out of the 13 nudear- 
powered hunter-killer sub- 
marines patrolling fee world 
would be cut; 

• destroyers and frigates 
patrolling British coastal wa- 
ters would drop from 50 to 47 

growing manpower shortage; said -that fee suggested cute 
and poor research and could be put before him next 

development adversely affect- 
ing work on the new genera- 
tion of Harrier jet, toipedos, 
anti-submarine warfare and 
submarine-launched cruise 

Mr Younger said of fee 
papers: “They appear to be a 
collection of documents rele- 
vant to next year's eost review 
exercises. They have been 
nowhere near ministers and 
will not be considered until 
next spring.” 

Hie proposed cute were not 


April at fee 1 1987 cost review 
and feat government policy 
could change. 

Mr Densal Davies, Labour’s 
spokesman on defence, said 
feat fee documents backed 
Labour's case that Britain 
could not afford Trident and 
maintain its conventional 

They were found by Mr 
Andrew Knight, a freelance 
journalist, and Miss Alice 
Grim wade, his friend. 

Leading article, page 13 

Gatt meeting 
with walkouts 

From Bailey Morris 
Puntadel Este, Uruguay 
Ministers of 92 nations met 
here yesterday for new global 
trade talks amid threats of a 
walkout over South Africa and 
growing tensions between fee 
US and Europe. 

The week-long General 
Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade meeting was quickly 
dominated by fee EEC-US 
dispute over agriculture. US 
officials have said they will 
walk out if strong language to 
reduce subsidies in agriculture 
is not on fee agenda. Britain 
and West Germany generally 
support the US but France 
and other EEC members want 
to weaken the agriculture 
language. Details page 17 



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Mi 23 




Danger signs 
on acid rain 
under study 
by scientists 

By Pearce Wright, Stience Editor 

Early warning of ihe danger ample monitoring test that 
to forests and woodlands from gives an early alert of damage, 
acid rain, before the vegeia- Other studies by the in- 
lion shows any sign of dam- stituteofthe hillsides draining 
should come from into Scottish lochs, which are 
research by an international suffering the effect of poUu- 

leam lead by the Institute of lion, show that mist and low 
Terrestrial Ecology, in Edin- cloud are up to 10 limes as 

burgh and Lancaster 

Under a project supported 
by the European Commission, 
scientists from Britian, Hol- 
land and West Germany are 

acidic as the rain Ming in the 
same area. 

Other new findings by the 
Institute of Hydrology show 
that snow concentrates acidic 
products three times more 

seeking a simple method of efficiently than rain. 

early diagnosis so that correc- 
tive measures can be in- 

TMt discovery came in AndenonstowiL west 
measuring melnng snow feed- ww n io fcv iS rfa 

mg streams tfat run into family hostage before opening 
Scottish lochs. The amount of M a jnmt RUC-Anny foot 

Two men 
die in 

By Richard Ford 

Two men died in Northern 
Ireland yesterday when the 
Provisional IRA killed a 
“loyalist", alleging tint he 
was involved hi five sectarian 
murders, and the Army shot* 
suspected terrorist fleeing 
from an ambush on the se- 
curity forces. 

. A soldier opened fire on the 
suspected PriiusiaBa! IRA ter- 
rorist a$ the mau ran towards a 
health centre in west Belfast, 
haring been challenged twice 
to stop. 

Earlier, the Pro vis i on a ls 
killed Mr J ohn Brnghm, 
whom they alleged was an 
operations officer in the out- 
lawed Ulster Volunteer Force. 

The unnamed man was shot 
after masked and armed men 
took over a house in 

World Chess Championship 

Kasparov retains 
lead with a draw 

Ftom Raymond Keene, Leningrad 
Tine is running out for which made a draw virtually 

[ |1'" 

traduced before the death of ing streams that run into 
frees and plants is inevitable. Scottish lochs. The amount of 

Six sites have been identi- 
fied. two in each country. 

which allow measurement of via. 

acidity was at the level pre- 
viously reported in Scandina- 

ihc impact of the chemical 
cocktails which come under 
the umbrella name of “add 

The three main components 
to be monitored are the levels 
of sulphur dioxide, ozone and 
the degree of acidity in the 
rain and water. 

The sites range from one in 
West Scotland, with low sul- 
phur dioxide, low ozone and 
low aridity to one in West 
Germany which is high in all 

The other areas have dif- 
ferent combinations of those 
pollutants, but each zone in- 
cludes woodland with Scots 
Pine. Norwegian Spruce and 
beech tree. 

Studies ranging from sur- 
veys from spacecraft to lab- 
oratory analyses of the soil, 
water and vegetation will be 
repeated through changing 
weather conditions over the 
next few months. 

The aim is to devise a 

• Mrs Birgirta Dahl, the 
Swedish Energy and Environ- 
ment Minister, yesterday 
expressed her bitter dis- 
appointment with the extent 
of the measures announced by 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher in 
Oslo last week to curb sulphur 
emissions from Britain (Chris- 
topher Mosey writes from 

Sulphur, mainly from Brit- 
ain, is alleged to cause arid 
rain responsible for killing fish 
and plain life in Scandinavian 
lakes and rivers. 

Mrs Dahl said that Sweden 
would demand negotiator 
with the British government 
on the issue. 

She condemned the mea- 
sures announced by Mrs 

fire oo a joint RUC-Anny foot 
patrol yesterday. Two men 
were seen; (me escaped and the 
other was challenged twice 
before the Army opened fire. 

Mr Jim Cunningham, who 
witnessed the shooting, said 
he saw a heavy man naming 
from behind a shop and cross- 
ing the road. “He had both 
hands in the air. The soldier 
ran across the road and within 
20 yards shot him. I don't 
know why be could not have 
nm op and caught him.” 

Later a ma<V and shotgun 
were found and an Army bomb 
disposal team made safe a 
“sophisticated booby trap" 
bomb containing 7 lb of 
commercial explosives sur- 
rounded by shrapneL Tim 
bomb had been left near a 
garage adjacent to occnpied 

Earlier, the Provisional IRA 

Jtatcher, the spending of bmst iS» ffie temTof Mr 
ffiOOmto cut sulphur emis- Rii^ham, aged 33, and shot 

sions from power statioiK, as hhn ^ A ~ 
insufficient*^^ deplorable," Branham, who was re- 

she said, “The British Govern- in had 

ment tea done nothing what- ^ to 20 years on 

soever about heavy industry." 

a # conspiring to import arms to 

Aim f a the UVF, possession of an 
| H| KJ M60 machine gun and RPG7 
rocket launcher. It was 

S _ _ quashed on appeal and he 

returned to his wife and family 
V'VJRRCV'kJ %, q, hardline BaUysflhm 

Political Reporter 

They fear that if the Wanlle- IRA accused him in a state- 
Soames ticket triumphs, the ment of bring the UVF opera- 
cards wil] be slacked against tions officer who had 
them, and their recent victory organized the murder of five 

Tory Vets’ aim to 
win whips contest 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Tory “wets", smarting from 
their reversals in last week's 
ministerial reshuffle, are plan- 
ning 10 exact revenge on the 
resurgent right of the party by 
snapping up the two vacancies 
in the Whips Office: 

They have chosen Mr 
Charles Wardfe. MP for 
Bexhill and Battle, and Mr 
Nicholas Soames, MP for 
Crawley, as their candidates in 
a contest that should be settled 
this week. 

The right, only now emerg- 
ing from the euphoria that 
greeted the advancement of 
such standard bearers as Mrs 
.Angela Rumbold and Mrs 
Edwina Currie, are mustering 
a counterattack. 

They are beginning to press 
the claims of Mr Eric Forth, 
MP for Mid Worcestershire. 
Mr Michael Forsyth, MP for 
Stirling and Mrs Marion Roe, 
MP for Broxbourne. 

The vacancies in the 14- 
strong Whips Office were 
created by the promotion of 
Mr Archibald Hamilton, a 
right-winger, to a junior post 
at defence and the move by 
Mr Donald Thompson, on the 
centre-left, to an equivalent 
post at agriculture. 

This leaves unchanged the 
delicate political make-up of 
government business man- 
agers which, according to 
right-wingers, already has a 
slightly s oggy character. 

Talks on 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

Senior police officers are to 
meet Sir Cedi Gothier about 
the new Police Complaints 
Authority of which he is 
chairman. They will discuss 
difficulties over the interpreta- 
tion of police regulations and 
problems over the way in- 
vestigations are run and what 
they represent. 

Some chief officers are said 
not to appreciate that the 
authority's role is often to 
show whether there isa case to 
answer, rather than to provide 
a complete investigation lead- 
ing to immediate action. 

The’ meeting is to be ar- 
ranged by Home Office of- 
ficials after a discussion at the 
meeting of the Association of 
Chief Police Officers, 
representing chief constables 
and other senior ranks, last 

Some concern was ex- 
pressed that the authority had 
adopted a “high profile" — 
although it was accepted that, : 
as a new institution, the 
.authoritv needed to establish 
itself in ihe public’s mind. 

Prince Harry, who celebrates his second 
birthday today, straggles manfully to climb the 
steps up to an Andover aircraft of the Queen's 
Flight yesterday at Dyce Airport, Aberdeen, as 
the Prmce and Princess of Wales ended their 
annual Scottish holiday to return home. Prince 
William, aged four, left separately yesterday 
on a scheduled flight with his nanny. 

Soon after arriving at Heathrow, the Prince 
of Wales took the salute at the Delhi Day 
parade of the 2nd King Edward VET’S Own 
Goorkhas at Qneen FJizabeth Barracks, 

flinr rti P p«wp«liir ». 

The Prince is CohmeJ-in-Chief of the 
Regimes t, the second Hawaiian of which is 
celebrating its centenary. 

Commercial vehicles 

Spares fear sparks thefts 

in the ministerial stakes will 
prove short-lived. 

Roman Catholics. 

A getaway car used in the 

The whips office is self- foiling was found abandoned 
perpetuating in that all its in the nationalist Ardoyne 
members vote on who should area and last mght two men 
be admitted to their ranks and woe being questioned by the 

A big increase in the theft of Dep Chief Superintendent 

lorries, many of which may be John Newton, from Essex 
shipped abroad and broken regional crime squad, said that 
down for sale as spare parts, is the police were aware of the 
threatening some small haul- large and growing number of 
age companies. lorries being stolen and sent 

It has led to demands from abroad, 
the road haulage industry for w _ _ . . . _ . 

X t reforms in the way the e ^ Newton said the Bed- 
i deal with motor crime. * or ^ TL was particularly 
' The recent rise in lorry popular because its tilting cab 

can blackball candidates police. 

judged unsuitable. Mr John Mr Bingham had been elec- 

Wakeham, Chief Whip, will 
play a key role in choosing the 
new members. 

The composition of the 

tion agent for an independent 
loyalist councillor and last 
year Lord Longford stayed at 
his home daring the cam pai gn 

whips office is of abiding against the use of supergrass 
concern to ambitious back- evidence, 
benchers because of its central Lad Longford said yes- 

role in advising the Prime today: “I had a high regard 
Minister of likely candidates for him. I think of him and his 
for advancement, particularly wife as most kindly people.” 
onto the first rungs of the 
ministerial ladder. 

Careers can be made and 
broken on the strength ofa few 
well-chosen words about the 
political and other proclivities 
of MPs. 

The thrust of last week's 
exercise was, in part, the result 
of Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s 
attempt to placate the right 
who have become increasingly 
restive at what they see as her 
failure to reward their loyalty. 

Mr Wakeham, seen by some 
as the villain of previous 
Government reconstructions, 
worked alongside her during Mr Bingham, whose jail 
the detailed preparation work. sentence was quashed. 

‘No pay rise’ comment 
by minister attacked 

theft, which -.has left many 
small companies with crip- 
pling increases in insurance 
premiums, has resulted in 
calls from road hauliers for the 
establishment of a national 
register of stolen lorries. 

Mr John Coates, financial 
adviser to a Cambridge haul- 
age company that has lost four 
lorries in the past six months, 
each valued at £35,000, said: 
^The police are utterly wrong 
in not separating car and truck 

gives thieves easy access to the 
gear box and the engine: 

In a recent incident in 
Hertford, five Bedford TLs 
were stripped of their engines 
and gear boxes within two 

Lxttiewoods a haulage firm 
that has lost four vehicles 
since February, said: “This 
kind of theft is dearly on the 
increase and it is the vehides 
themselves, not the contents, 
that the thieves are after." 

Police officers believe that 
the sudden increase in theft 
might be related to the 
planned phasing out of Bed- 
ford heavy and medium-duty 
lorries at the Dunstable plant 
and fears that spare parts 
might be difficult to get. 


Since 1960, Bedford has 
produced more than two and a 
quarter million Ionics, more 
than 60 percent of which have 
been exported, particularly to 
Third World countries. - 

But the company insists 
that it has no plans to stop 
producing spare parts. 

None the less, some haulage 
companies believe that 
“highly professional gangs” 
have emerged that are supply- 
ing an extremely lucrative 
overseas market with stolen 
lorries and spare parts. 

Anatoly Karpov, the former 
world chess champion, in his 
bid to regain the title which he 
lost last year. 

In the fifteenth game of ihe 
series on Friday, he began in 
o p p r essive mood. He chose to 
combat Kasparov's habitual 
Grunfeld defence with a line 
not used at world champion- 
ship level since the Petrosian- 
Botvinnilt match in 1963. 

Karpov's 12th move. e5> 
was a bold thrust in the centre 
of the board, which appeared 
to surprise Kasparov and 
force him 10 spend much time 
m thought. 

However, Kasparov aides 
disclosed that this attack came 
as no surprise to the world 
champion. They said that the 
plan of defence would involve 
a knight retreat to the back 
rank, which Kasparov actually 

Karpov, in bis turn, seemed 
utterly nonplussed by the 
manoeuvre and consumed no 
le ss t han l hour and 20 
minutes over his 16th and 
17th moves. It became clear at 
that point that Kasparov 
would have no difficulty in 
regaining the pawn he had 
temporarily sacrificed. 

Karpov seemed more anx- 
ious to secure his own position 
t han to embark on any fresh 
attack. After a series of ex- 
changes a position arose in 
which each ride had rook, 
knight and bishop. The bish- 
ops, however, were operating 
on squares of opposite colour. 

Fresh line 
on heart 

By John Young 

The “obsession” with blam- 
ing saturated fats, and dairy 
products in particular, for 
causing heart attacks and 
other coronary ailments is 
misguided, the annual con- 
ference of the British Vet- 
erinary Association was told 
in Brighton at the weekend. 

Dr Duncan Pickard, a lec- 
turer in animal physiology 
and nutrition at Leeds 
University, said that no one 
should believe that . the 
chances of suffering from 
heart disease would be re- 
duced by not eating butter and 
by drinking skimmed milk. 

The Committee on Medical 
Aspects of Food Policy repot 
in July 1984 singled out dairy 


After black’s 29th move. 
Kasparov was walking con- 
fidently on the stage, while 
Karpov seemed lost in 
thought. Suddenly the former 
champion offered s draw, 
which Kasparov immediately 

The score is for 
Kasparov 10 6.5 for Karpov, 
and Kasparov needs only 12 
points to keep his tide. 







16 Nb5 




17 M2 


3 Nc3 



a o*6 

4 M3 


!9 0g5 


5 Qb3 




6 Qxc4 


21 BfE 


7 0* 








9 Rdt 


24 04 


10 Be2 


25 fttt 


11 Qc5 


26 flaC 




27 g3 




28 Kg2 


14 Nb5 


29 884 


15 Nxc7 



Heart test 
on drugs 
raid chief 

The police officer who 
headed the operation which 
sparked off rioting in the St 
Paul's area of Bristol was 
taken to hospital yesterday 
with a suspected heart attack. 

Mr Malcolm Popperwdl, 
aged 52. assistant chief con- 
stable of Avon and Somerset 
police, had complained of 
chest pains after three days co- 
ordinating the police in Op- 
eration Delivery. 

He also bore the brunt of 
criticism levelled at the force 
at public meetings over its 
tactics during raids in the red- 
tight area. 

Mr ^PopperweU, a police- 
man for 32 years, was at home 
when he first fell iO. Staff at 
the Southmead Hospital in 
Bristol, where his condition 
last night was described as 
“comfortable", were carrying 
out tests, including those fora 
suspected heart attack, to 

Optimism despite GM plan 

m July 19*4 singfcdom dairy Bris,il SSThi »n 
products becaujen '■wbcmkt k night ms descril 
1 ° calculate wbuwoMtop- -comtotabte", were a 
pen if dairy fet was avoided outlests, including thos 
than if people had been told to heutume 

reduce their consumption of discover the problem, 
chocolates, biscuits, chips and lk _ TWT - r , 
crisps, he said. ^jljj CjPftrc 

“Had more emphasis been vivwio 

placed on advising people to S llll Iflflil 
increase their consumption of „ 
whole cereals, fruit »nH veg- One of five News Tnter- 
etables, rather than telling national journalists accused of 
them what not to eat, the disobeying an instruction by 

[aim by the Secretary members, have seen a 
for Employment, Mr deterioration in their living 
Clarke, that no one standards. Prices have risen 
i a pay increase this fester for the low paid: staple 
1 maintain living stan- food prices, council house 
was condemned as rents, bus and rail feres are all 
us by Mr John Ed- up at a rate well above 
general secretary of inflation, 
sneral Municipal, “And these people don’t rat 

The claim by the Secretary 
of State for Employment, Mr 
Kenneth Clarke, that no one 
will need a pay increase this 
winter to maintain living stan- 
dards. was condemned as 
outrageous by Mr John Ed- 
monds. general secretary of 
the General Municipal, 
Boilermakers and Allied 
I Trades Union, yesterday. 
“Kenneth Clarice should ad- 
dress his remarks to the CBI 
and the moguls who hold the 
fortunes of millions of people 
in their hands" he said. 

He added that Sir Austin 
Pearce, chairman of British 
Aeropsace, had received a 
21 per cent pay rise last year, 
and the pay of Sir Richard 
Hal pen. chairman of the Bur- 
ton Group, went op from 
£348,000 to £542,000. 

“Meanwhile, people on low 
pay, including many of our 

much help from tax cuts 
because the cuts benefit high 
income earners most 

“This is outrageous. It will 
be a very bitter winter indeed 
for many people if Kenneth 
Clarke and the Government 
get their way.” 

Britain's annual inflation- 
rale remained at 24 per cent 
last month. 

Mr Clarke said that, taking 
into account Budget tax cuts, 
the purchasing power of each 
pound people earned fell by 
very little more than ftp 
during tiie year. 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

The decision by General 
Motors to cease commercial 
lorry manufacture in Britain 
will probably be the last of the 
big closures in the European 
industry in the short term. 

Observers of the commer- 
cial vehicle scene, which still 
presents a picture of de- 
pression and over-capacity, 
believe that more mergers 
could be on the cards and jobs 
will continue to be lost, but 
that most companies will now 
hold on even more strongly to 
their manufacturing bases in 
the hope of demand rising. 

Particularly vulnerable, 
however, are the smaller, in- 
dependent lorry makers, 
including Leyland Vehicles 
and ENASA, of Spain, which 
will continue to be “eyed" by 
potential purchasers. 

The Government is 
committed to the privatiza- 
tion of Leyland, although it is 
by no means certain that the 
group's new owner would 
come from the motor 

Another candidate for 
change, at least in part, is 
Renault's commercial vehicle 
operation, RVL, which is keen 
10 sell its Spanish facilities. 

Unlike General Motors’ 

! Bedford, which has an ageing 
product range, most of the big 
European tony makers have 
introduced new ranges and are 
poised to do battle for an EEC 
market that looks like expand- 
ing slowly in the next few 

DRI Europe, the forecasting 
group, predicts that total de- 

chances of improving their the National Unioo of Journ- 
diet would be much greater." alists not to cross picket lines 

mand in seven key EEC 
markets should rise from 

1.117.000 last year to 

1.21 4.000 in 1990. 

Output, however, is ex- 
pected to remain at last year’s 
level of 1,343,000 for the next 
two years and then climb to 

1.442.000 by the end of the 

Much of the growing but 
cautious optimism arises from 
the collapse in oil prices which 
is expected to feed through 

Ley's Castings of Derby is 
to make 270 workers redun- 
dant because of the decline in 
the British commercial motor 
industry. Unions are arrang- 
ing an immediate meeting with 
the management today. 

The company makes cast- 
ings for the a utomoti ve in- 
dustry . but Mr Michael 
Davies, fl»e man a g in g directo r . 
said the redundancies came 
after VanxhaU's intention to 
stop muiahctBrin medium 
and heavy tracks m the UK 
and a reduced market from 
Austin Rover and Massey 

Mr Fred Schmid, the works 
convener, said they intended to 
get the best possible terms for 
those made redundan t. 

into greater demand for lor- 
ries. Thai is countered by the 
collapse of demand in some of 
the traditional African mar- 

DRI says that a third of 
European output that is sold 
outside Western Europe is at 

In Britain, all the leading 

manufacturers win be grap- 
pling for a slice of the 10 per 
cent of the market now to be 
made available after the Bed- 
ford closure: Leyland Vehicles 
certainly should benefit, but 
the big Europeans, including 
the market leader, Daimler 
Benz, will be moving in 

Leyland also has to combat 
the newly created Iveco Ford 
Truck, formed this summer by 
an amalgamation of Ford of 
Britain's heavy trade business 
with that of the Fiat-owned 
Iveco. I FT has a target of 25 
per cent of the domestic 
market and claims now to 
have die strongest d e al e r net- 
work in the land. 

Three years ago, it was 
probably true that the industry 
suffered from 40 per cent 
over-caparity, according to 
Mr John Lawson of DRI, but 
today the figure is lower. 

Companies previously in 
trouble, such as MAN, ofWest 
Germany, and Iveco, the Rat 
subsidiary, are now looking 

At the juggernaut end of the 

High Mood cholesterol, 
smoking, obesity and high 
blood pressure were im- 
portant ride factors, but to- 
gether could account for only 
about half the heart disease 

Farm prices 
boom despite 
grain surplus 

While grain stores remain 
full to overflowing with un- 
sold wheat and barley from 
last ye ar, fa nners are eryoyrag 
unexpectedly high prices for 
this year’s harvest (our Agri- 
culture Correspondent 

Bread-making wheat was 
trading last week at about 
£118 a tonne, feed wheat at 
about £105 and top ^quality 
malting bailey at up to £13$ 
their highest seasonal level for 
at least two years. 

The reason for the paradox 
is that despite the boom, spot 
market prices are still below 
intervention levels and the 
intervention board isnot pre- 
pared to sell grain from stor- 

industry, Volvo and s«nia of 1 ^ ess ® an ft paid. 

Sweden, have been particu- 
larly successful. “They are the 
only two manufacturers who 
have consistently made any- 
thing like a commercial return 
on their truck business , 
throughout the recession," Mr ! 
Lawson says: i 

Volvo, through its Joint 
venture in the united States 
with General Motors, ckady 
has aspirations to become a 
global “giant". 

at the company's plant in 
Wapping, east tondon, has 
had the charge against him 
withdrawn. He is Malcolm 
Withers, former father of the 
chapel (office branch chair- 
man) at The Sun, 

The other four were found 
guilty of conduct detrimental 
to toe interests of the union 
and were censured. They are: 
Clifford Longley, FOC at The 
Times: Peter wilby, former 
FOC at The Sunday Times; 
David Wroxan, FOC and 
industrial correspondent of 
The News of due World, and 
Charles Rae, industrial editor 
of The Sun. 

Bomb blast 
funeral march 

Supporters of the late Shab 
of Iran staged a protest funeral 
march yesterday for Mr Buan 
Fazeli, an Iranian who died in 
a terraria bomb blast last 
month at a bookshop in 
Kensington, central London. •; 

A thousand mourners carry- 
ing banners and Iranian Sags 
gathered outside the shopu- 
wfaose owner, Mr Reza Fazeti, 
tiie dead man's father, 
the bomb on the Ayatollah 

Because of near-drought Khomeini. 

conditions and consequent 

poor yields m southern £u- oCCUTltV Yffll 
rope, British growers at 1 ^ . 

present are able to take advah- SMfd SllOt 

Ssmand. 8 ■* “ A Securicor guari 

Long-term uncertainty; VL hos Pft*d 

however, is continuing to £ ra fi y after he was shot 
depress the agricultural taprt ft™# 64 * ra, d on his vehid 
market. Average prices have ■ - onc °* two gui 
dropped by a quarter in the thech«t bybu 

past year to their lowest level S™ ■ - r, 1 9 e ! I **“28™, . 
for eight years. pistols wielded by five ran 

MoD’s offer ends six-year battle by sleepless villagers 

By David Sapsted 


Residents of the sleepless unsaleable. 

Somerset hamlet of A six-year campaign waged 
SpeckingtoD have finally per- by people living in 
snaded the Royal Navy to put Specfcmgton has culminated In 

than out of their misery by 
buying up their bouses so that 
they can afford to move away. 

The local people say that 
activity at the Royal Naval Air 
Station at YeoriKom where the 
Duke of York begins a five- 
month instructors course in 
helicopter warfare today, has 
increased so modi since it was 
up-graded to a “front-fine" 
station after the Falkland* 
campaign that life is mtiwar- 

an offer by the Ministry of 
Defence to boy right homes at 
frill market value. 

The ministry said yes- 
terday; “Local residents com- 
plained and, consequently, we 
embarked on a very extensive 
noise-level surrey. We are 
very conscious about noise 
near air stations these days. 

“We found that, as far as 
these right houses were con- 
cerned. noise levels woe high. 

though not so high as to upset 
health. We decided to make an 
offer to buy at the current 
market price to oable any 
residents who wished to move 
out to do so." 

The station, the home of air- 
sea rescue helicopters fiabk to 
be called out at any hoar as 
well as a land base for Hairier 
jump-jets, already owns three 
cottages in the hamlet, bought 
three years ago because of the 

It is far from certain, how- 
ever, that the remaining 
Spedtington residents will 
want to more. Mrs Elbe Close. 

the mother of three young 
children, said yesterday tfaatit 
all depended on how much 
they were offered. 

She had campaigned to get 
the ministry to buy her eigh- 
teenth-century converted gra- 
nary, Hole more than 200 
.yards from the Hairier shj- 
jomp and 140 feet from the 
perimeter track osed by jets 
awaiting take-off, but she said 
the final cash offer remained 
the important factor. 

“We wouldn't consider mov- 
ing were it not for the noise 
and we have to make sure that 
whatever we are finall y offered 

will buy u$ something com- 
parable. Certainty, the house 
Is virtually unsellable to any- 
one who knows the problems 
here,” she said. - ’ 

One resident determined to 
move is Mrs Daphne Fielder, 
a parish coundBor. organiser 
of the battle agamst noise from 
the base. She feds Bust of the 
other locab wifl want to join 

“The Falklands war was the 
start of absolute bell for us: 
aircraft flew 24 hours a day 
then. Afterwards, Yeoviftoo 

was upgraded to a front-fine sequent 
airfield. parties! 


“Before, they were flying 
fewer aircraft, fewer hours and 
at a level that could be 
tolerated. It Is now gu*i»w 
worse and they hare just 

introduced new aircraft wUch 
are noiser than the Harriers," 
she claims. 

-Although the matistry does 
not concede any dramatic in- 
crease in flying in recent years, 
cash will be made available to 
buy die properties at a price 
settled by inde pe ndent valua- 
tions and. probably, $nb- 
sequent haggling between die 

A Sccuricor guard was 
recovering in hospital yfcSr 
today after he was shot m a 
bungled raid on his vehicle. 

. He was one of two guards 
injured in the chest by buBets 
from a rifle, shotgun, and 
pistols wielded by five raiders 
JJthe A2 interchange at 
Daitfoni, Kent, on Saturday, 
night. The other guard has left 

Boy killed 

e « ht » 

wavertJte, Liverpool, was 
Killed when a car struck a' 
P®rty Of _ Children wanting 
“png a quiet lane in Renfrew- 
shre on Saturday night. Three 
other children and two super- 
visors were injured. 

Nissan’s gift 

The Prince of Wales is to 
recave the first car off the frill 
production line of Nissan's 
new factory at Sunderland. 

The Bluebird SLX will be used 

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Unsnpervised trainee 
surgeons ‘are putting 
some patients at risk’ 

Hospital patients are bring 
put at risk by trainee surgeons 
carrying out unsupervised op- 
erations, according to the 
College of Health. 

■ A study of more than 1,500 
gall bladder operations found 
that a junior surgeon had been 
Operating without supervision 
m 85 per cent of the cases 
where complications had 
arisen . after the surgery, 
according to an article in the 
college's magazine Self 

ByJifl Sherman 
Emergency surgery is often 
carried out at night and at 
weekends without consultant 
supervision by surgeons in 
training, the college says. 

_ Trainee surgeons are some- 
times, taking serious decisions 
about patients with consultant 
surgeons playing no pan, 
according to the preliminary 
findings of a confidential in- 
quiry into the cases of people 
who died before, during or 
after operations. 

Some registrars attempted 

surgery and anaesthesia "far 
beyond their competence**, 
the findings showed, Miss 
Marianne Rigge. director of 
the college, said. 

She added: ‘Trainees are 

Call for competition to 
cure ‘inferior’ NHS 

By a Staff Reporter 

; Britons are having to pvt op 
with inferior health services 
Offering second-class treat- 
ment because of the lack of 
competition In health-care 
pwisisa, a report published 
today says. 

The report, from the in- 
dependent research group the 
Justifate of Economic Affairs, 
nays that the National Health 

jService's monopoly is stifling 

medical advances and is faO- 
BEg to meet the demands of the 
.sick because of budget con- 

v The report also says that the 
‘domination of the General 
■Medical Council is partly to 
Dame for Britain's retarded 
services. The GMCs pro- 
Tessioua] entry restrictions 
and 'code of -ethics mUHnted 
against alternative prac- 
titioners such as osteopaths. 

The report's author. Dr 
David Green, a former Labour 
Party activist, argues: “We 
have paid too high a price for 
the NHS in the routine denial 
or delaying of treatment to 
hundreds of thousands of our 

citizens because of budget 
limitations and in lost 
opportunities for innovation". 

The health service should 
no longer be funded predomi- 
nantly fey taxation, and people 
should be able to choose bow 
mnch they wanted to spend. 

The report claims that in 
America a system on those 
tines has resulted in a better 
and cheaper health service, 
despite initial problems that 
led to soaring charges and 
bankrupted patients. 

A huge increase in the 
supply of doctors and the 
intervention of the Federal 
-Trade Commission to break 

medicine had resnhtsMn^an 
explosion of competition. 

.. That included the emer- 
gence of “health maintenance 
organizations" funded by 
subscription, where doctors 
and hospitals work together 
within a fixed budget to pro- 
vide a range of health services. 
Challenge to the NHS (Institute 
of Economic Affairs, 2 Lord 
North Street, London SW1 

due to a shortage of consul- 
tants. We need far more 
consultants' than the DHSS is 
currently proposing, and they 
should be raorebftcn on duty 
at night and at the weekends.” 

However, Miss Rigge Op- 
posed government proposals 
to bring in a new non- 
specialist grade of doctor at 
sub-consultant level, which 
she said would take away the 
patient's right to see a 

The college also wants to see 
greater local audits of medical 
staff It supports the extension 
of meetings where surgeons 
and anaesthetists review the 
cases of all patients who have 
died or developed complica- 
tions after surgery, called 
“deatb-and-disasier” meet- 
ings, which already happen at 
some hospitals. 

Mr Ian Todd, president of 
the Royal College of Surgeons, 
said that, although most se- 
nior registrars were capable of 
undertaking operations with- 
out supervision, he would 
expea senior house officers 
and registrars to work under a 
consultant, even if he or she 
was operating in a. twin 

Mr Paddy ■ Ross, deputy 
chairman of the British Medi- 
cal Consultants' Committee, 
writiig in the same edition of 
Self Health, defended the 
profession’s training methods 
and argued that the only way 
to learn to become a com- 
petent surgeon was to operate. 

He emphasized that most 
surgeons had 12 to 14 years' 
experience before they 
reached consultant leveL 

\ % 

add to cost 
> of homes 

Workers in the booming 
financial services industry, 
armed with high salaries and 
low-rate mortgages, are push- 
ing up urban house prices. 

. Nearly one in five people 
works in some branch of 
finance, and research - has 
shown lhat they are hoping to 
fart house -price increases.- - 

• London, Manchester, Edin- 
burgh and Glasgow, all with 
important finance-based busi- 
nesses, face rising prices that 
create problems for low-in- 
come families buying homes. 

The director of the Centre 
for Housing Research, Mr 
Duncan MacLennan, said: 
“The low-rate mortgages 
available to people working, in 
financial services are a major 
advantage to those people**. 

He added: "These people, 
with growing incomes, are 
moving back to city centres, 
where there is an acute short- 
age of housing for lower 
income groups" 

. The "bidding-up" process 
had a knock-on effect in areas 
hear the financial cities, he 

An economist at the Henley 
Centre for Forecasting, Mr 
Keith Blakemore, raid that the 
salaries explosion m. the City 
and an influx of wealthy 
foreign financiers had added 
to the London house price 

But one ray of hope, he sard, 
was that after the initial boom 
jn finance-related employ- 
ment, new technology might 
start to stabilize the number of 
people needed in the industry. 
It might also make it possible 
for finance staff to work from 
home, relieving pressure on 
dty centre housing. 

Back-to- back 
houses return 

• The back-to-back house, 
symbol of the slums built in 
Viaorian Britain and out- 
lawed this century for health 
reasons, is emerging again in a 
new guise in an attempt to 
provide a home for first-time 
buyers (our Property 

A development of 20 two- 
storey back-to-back houses at 
Tollgate Court, Stanway, Es- 
sex. by Robert Watt& a 
builder, of Commercial Con- 
struction of Colchester, has 
received planning permission 
from the local council, despite 
fears that it could lead to the 
slums of the future. 

• Council planners believe it 
to be the first time that such 
houses have been built in 
Britain since 1895 when they 
were made illegal because of 
the health hazards caused by 
drainage problems. 

Now that it is possible to 
overcome the original health 
problems there is no reason, 
or legislation, to prevent the 
builders putting up houses 
back-to-back again. 

Mr Michael Shepherd, the 
borough planner, said that 
they could not oppose the 
development, although the 
department was uneasy about 
the return of badc-io-back 

.Dr Peter Snell, who lives 
next door to the site, said the 
development was of "poky 
little apanments which will be 
flums in a very few years". 

Till and cancer’ 
report criticized 

British medical researchers 
have criticized a study from 
Sweden which shows a link 
between breast cancer and the 
contraceptive pilL 

The -study, undertaken by 
the Swedish Cancer Society in 
'Stockholm and due to be 
pubtisbed this week, is under- 
stood to reveaT that women 
who use the, pill long-term 
before, .the age of 25 are at 
greater risk of the disease than 
those using other forms of 

But Professor Malcolm 
Pike, of the Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund unit in Ox- 
ford, whose own study in 1983 
also found an increased risk 
among young long-term users 
of some types of the pill, 
criticized the study for failii 
to distinguish between 
ferrot brands. 

Professor Pike, who has not 
seen a copy of the paper but 

By a staff reporter. 

has heard of its findings, says | 
that most research undertaken 
on the health effects of the mil, 
for example blood clotting, 
bad found different effects] 
from different brands. 

“Our study in 1983 identi- 
fied which pills did what- I 
think that at the moment there 
are pills which prevent breast 
cancer and those which in- 
crease the risk." 

. The Imperial Cancer Re- 
search Fund and the Cancer 
Research Campaign are carry- 
ing out a survey to ensure that 
brand information collected is 

Professor Pike sai± “Breast 
cancer is still the most preva- 
lent cancer in women. 
“Women should make sure 
that they are on the lowest 
dose pill needed to be effective 
as a contraceptive.” 

‘Reliable method', page 9 

Direct TV 
for Britain 
from NBC 

NBC is set to become the 
second American television 
network to free itself from its 
traditional role of programme 
supplier to the BBC and ITV 
companies and to start 
transmitting programmes di- 
rectly to British viewers. 

The strongest of the big 
three American programme 
services, NBC plans to start 
satellite distribution of news 
programmes to British tele- 
vision audiences next year. 
The American 24-hour-a-day 
channel. Cable News Net- 
work. has previously an- 
nounced similar plans. 

Initially, it is expected that 
NBC will transmit by satellite 
its two most popular news 
broadcasts. Nightly News and 
the Today Show, the Ameri- 
can breakfast television pro- 

The program es are expected 
to be available to hotels, cable 
television operators, and the 
estimated 10,000 Britons who 
have so far equipped them- 
selves with home satellite- 
receiving equipment. 

CBS hopes to expand dis- 
tribution of its evening news 
programme to wider Euro- 
pean audiences. 

ABC, the third of the main 
American services, is said to 
be working on a plan to 
transmit news and entertain- 
ment programmes to Euro- 
pean audiences. 

Channel 4 
film comes 
under fire 

The first of Channel Four’s 
programmes to cany a warn- 
ing symbol in the corner of the 
screen to denote scenes of 
violence, sex and bad language 
has been criticized tv Mrs 
Maty Whitehouse, president 
of the National Viewers' and 
Listeners' Association. 

“It's not good enough to 
slap on a warning symbol and 
then indulge iu sadistic mad- 
ness of this kind", she said. 

Themroc, a 1972 film by 
Claude Faraldo in which a 
slave worker gives up work to 
five like a caveman, will be 
shown late on Friday night, 
Throughout the screening 
the “special discretion 
required” red triangle will 
appear in the top left comer. 
The symbol was agreed last 
month as the best way of 
warning- viewers about pro- 
grammes that might cause 
offence. Mrs Whitehouse said 
yesterday that she is sending a 
letter of complaint to Lord 
Thomson of Monifieth, chair- 
man of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority. 

“It is a nightmarish 
fantasy”, she said. “It includes 
gross orgies, incest and de- 
praved and perverted violence 
in which two policemen are 
killed and eaten." Channel 
Four said: "We think it is a 
film well worth showing and 
that viewers will be grateful 
that it is being shown 

Dapper Duke praised 

The Duke of York has been 
voted one of the country's 10 
best dressed men by clothing 

The Meuswear Association, 

which organizes the annual 
poll among 2^00 firms, said: 
“Prince Andrew came into the 
list from nowhere. Last year 
he was not even, nominated, 
but he scans to have been 
dressing up for *Fergje'.“ 

Last year the Prince of 
Wales .was criticized by the 
association for his “dull and 
boring” clothes. But the Duke 

of York's dothes are said to be I 
“more stylish and more] 
relaxed" tiian those of 

"Prince Andrew's position 
means that be faces much the 

same restrictions as to what he 

can wear, but be always man- 
ages to look comfortable. ** 

Paul Nicholas, the actor, 
was named this year's best 
dressed man. The acton 
Roger Moore and Don John- 
son, and Dr David Owen, the 
SDP leader, made the top 10 
for the second year 

in African 

By AngeHa Johnson 
A mother’s 2, 500-mile jour- 
ney through North Africa to 
snatch her children from their 
father in Algeria has ended 
happily with a family celebra- 
tion in London. 

But Mrs Bernadette 
Chigara, aged 28, of County 
Wexford, in the Irish Repub- 
lic, says she will now have to 
five with the fear that her 
Algerian husband may try to 
grab the children -back from 

Mis Chigara and her 
brother, Mr PJ. O'Brien, 
smuggled her son N online, 
aged six, and daughter Nadia, 
aged four, back to Britain and 
they arrived at Heathrow Air- 
port at the weekend. - 
Dirty and -exhausted, they 
kissed the airport tarmac with 
relief after spending more 
than five days travelling to get 
the children away from their 
Muslim father Muhammad. 

Mrs Chigara's ordeal began 
in June when her estranged 
husband took the children 
away after -taking them to a' 

She said: “I was devastated, 
but when I went to the 
authorities they said they 
could do nothing. 1 went to see 
him and the children in 
Algeria, but he would not let 
me take them back to 

She and her brother, who 
manages a public house in 
Edgware, north London, then 
planned their African 

They flew to Algeria last 
Monday and, while Mr 
O’Brien waited in an hotel, 
Mrs Chigara went to her 
husband. He allowed her to 
stay after taking her passport 
so that she could not flee the 

But Mrs Chigara had a 
second passport and the next 
day she took the children and 
they began the long trek home. 
They kept on the move, 

Mrs Bernadette Chigara back in England with her son Nordine and daughter Nadia. 

using trains, buses and taxis to 
find a port with a ship leaving 
for Morocco. 

For three days they trav- 
elled hundreds of miles to 
three different ports, avoiding 
airports in case officials had 
been forewarned. During their 
flight Mrs Chigara was slightly 
injured when she fell from a 
train and her purse was stolen 
with more than £100 in it. 

They arrived at the 
Algerian / Moroccan border 
ana posed as day trippers to 
the frontier town of Augda. 

"That was probably the 
worst moment”, Mrs Chigara 

said. "I knew we looked 
suspicious carrying only one 
suitcase and covered in dust 
and dirt. We waited over two 
hours while they checked our 
passports and asked us 

“1 prayed to God they 
would lei us cross and, al- 
though I understood what 
they were saying to me, I kept 
smiling and said I could only 
speak English." 

Fortunately for them, the 
border officials were more 
interested in Mr O'Brien's 
passport and they wanted to 
know what a “publican" does. 

Eventually, after paying a 
£100 deposit, the family were 
allowed io cross. 

In Morocco they completed 
another 12-hour journey to 
Casablanca, where they 
boarded a flight to Heathrow. 
Only when the plane touched 
down did Mrs Chigara believe 
that her nightmare had ended 
The adventure cost the family 
more than £2.500, £1,000 of 
which was put up by Mr 

Mrs Chigara plans to return 
with her children to Eri- 
niscorthy, County Wexford, 
on Wednesday 

- f SM 

Two share 

Mis Eileen Walsh from 
High Wycombe, in 
Buckinghamshire, and Mr 
Ralph Mill ward from New 
Moston. in Manchester, share 
the Portfolio Gold weekly 
divided of £ 16 , 000 , twice the 

normal amount because there 
were no winners last week. 

Mrs Walsh, aged 56, a 
nurse, said she was over- 
whelmed with the news. "I Imd 
to check my numbers twice 
before I could believe it The 
money will certainly come in 
handy for some TSB shares," 
she said. 

Mr Ralph Mill ward, aged 
34, a retired major, who was 
delighted with his good for- 
tune, raid that he will be u sing 
some of the money to boy a 
new car. 

Saturday's Portfolio Gold 
daily dividend of £4JXH) was 
shared by Mr Keith Hawkins 
from Pontypridd, Mid 
Glamorgan, -and Miss 
S D Wood from Chipping 
Campden, in Gloucestershire. 

Readers who wobld like to 
play the game can obtain a 
Portfolio Gold card by sending 
a stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

Blackburn, BB1 6AJ. 

Boy is hurled 
into fast lane 

A boy aged eight was sucked 
out of the broken back win- 
dow of a car in an accident on 
the M4 and thrown over the 
central barrier into the fast 
lane of the opposite carriage- 
way, police said yesterday. 

Jamie Fuller of Teddington, 
west London, was in his 
uncle's car when it was in- 
volved in a shunt accident 
near Chievely, Berkshire on 

0-210m in just six weeks. 

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- .5 

Arms debate • CND poll • South Africa weapons • Student finance • 

Support for a united front on defence 

The Council for Soda! 
Democracy and ihe SDP 
Consultative Assembly - in 
conference at Harrogate, yes- 
terday endorsed the attempts 
of Dr David Owen and other 
party leaders to get an agreed 
defence policy with the Lib- 

A slightly amended policy 
committeeuiotion was carried 
welcoming the Alliance Joint 
Commission Report on De- 
fence and Disarmament as an 
important contribution to the 
policy which the Alliance 
would present to the electorate 
in the next general election. 

The need for the two parties 
to get their aci together was 
strongly put by Mr John 
Cartwright, SDP MP for 
Woolwich, who said that 
everyone yearned for an 
agreed Alliance position on 

This was particularly the 
case on the difficult issue of 
Polaris replacement, but any 
agreed policy must be based 
on genuine agreement and not 
on some cynical compromise, 
however ingeniously worded. 
The two parties had gone a 
long way towards achieving 
that agreement. 

There was applause when he 
said he would not relish going 
into- an- election campaign 

The appalling moral implica- 
tions of nuclear weapons im- 
posed a duty to decrease the 
nuclear arsenal progressively, 
step by step. Progress could 
not be achieved by omitting 
any of the steps 

The debate had excited go 
much attention within the 
party, they all wanted the 
culmination of the process to 
be the emergence of the most 
cohesive, most consistent and 
most considered defence pol- 
icy any party bidding for 
government would put on 
offer to the country at the -next 

They should not be defen- 
sive. Agreements across the 
Alliance were many and pro- 
found. They believed in a full 
role in Nato. in strengthening 
conventional defence, in 
cancelling Trident, and that 
Polaris should be included m 
negotiations. There was a 
catalogue of agreed and 
sustainable Alliance defence' 
policy which could be pre- 
sented to the public. 

The Government had for- 
feited any remaining claim to 
understand ihe nature of the 
special relationship with 

Dr David Owen getting into trim in the gymnasium before the important debate on defence policy at the SDP conference at 

Harrogate yesterday (Photographs: Peter Trievnor) 

Washington. Frightening reanirmea it should be 
proof of this was the Prime- recognized as the basis of SDP 
Minister's grave error when policy on defence and 
she aitnwpd the United States disarmament. 

Mr Charles Kennedy 
telling the electors that the 
Alliance would deride the 
issue of Polaris replacement 
after ft was safely in Govern- 

Mr Charles Kennedy, MP 
for Ross. Cromarty and Skye, 
who opened the debate, 
moved the policy committee 
motion, which also supported 
the cancellation of the Trident 
missile system to avoid a new 
and provocative proliferation 
of the nuclear arms race and to 
release resources needed to 
strengthen Britain's con- 
ventional defence. 

it called also for.ja_iuU. 
investigation of the prac- 
ticability of a European mini- 
mum deterrent, and regretted 
the preoccupation with the 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
which was technically 
questionable, .destabilized 
deterrence and obstructed 
progress towards peace and 

He said the modem defence 
dilemma hinged on the moral 
irony that as conventional 
force became increasingly 
expensive the nudear shield 
became the cheaper option. 

Minister's grave error when 
she allowed the United States 
to use its British bases to 
launch the morally misguided 
strike against Libya and she 
compounded the folly by 
claiming to refuse permission 
would have been inconceiv- 
able; Mrs Thatcher had made 
the special relationship syco- 
phantic devotion. 

In the present situation it 
was no wonder that the Alli- 
ance was now seeking a more, 
enlightened self interest in a 
European context with the 
defence posture in Nato. That 
must come not simply because 
of developments in the 
present American administra- 
tion but because of the fact 
that they could not forever 
rely on an American presence 
in Europe and the American 
nuclear guarantee. 

‘Nuclear weapons 
are deterrent 9 

“We believe nuclear weap- returning to the 
ons do deter. We believe they which would end up 
have contributed profoundly two armies on the 
to maintain the peace for .over fighting pointlessly c 
40 yeare," he said. ren ground," he ss 

Defence was not for the electorate would be 
SDP a still-life study but a away from this mutus 

moving^picture. Within that_ _ , 

context the correct derision at This amendment would' 
Torquay last year must be provide the flexibility to an 
viewed, and the willingness to agreed solution within the 

They should not dwell on 
the past and this was the point 
of his amendment, which 
attempted to ensure that they 
avoided any further diffi- 
culties and fought- the next 
election on a united defence 
platform; Anything else was 

Flexibility to 
avoid impasse 

If they simply reaffirmed 
their policy of a year ago, as 
the sought to do, they would 
be heading for serious trouble. 
In any event it would be an 
open invitation to the Liberals 
to seek to reaffirm all their 
previous policies and what a 
tragedy that would be when 
the joint commission under- 
lined how dose they bad 
moved together. 

“The last thing we want is 
the two Alliance partners 
returning to the trenches, 
which would end up like the 
two armies on the Somme 
fighting pointlessly over bar- 
ren ground," he said. The 
electorate would be turned 
away from this mutual suicide 

that America was serious 
about Star Wars. 

Mr John Bancroft (Edin- 
burgh). moving a motion 
endorsing the policies in the 
report of the joint 
SDP/liberaJ commission on 
defence and disarmament, 
said that it was an acceptable 
compromise on policy and an 
improvement on previous 
policy statements. It reduced 
uncertainty and the scope for 
varied interpretations. 

The joint commission had 
put greater emphasis on 
disarmament and the pursuit 
of common security. There 
was an implicit commitment 
to no first use of nudear 

Mr Alan Heron (Glasgow 
North), moving an amend- 
ment to delete the reference to 
endorsement of policies and 
instead welcomed certain 
commitments within the re- 
port, said the SDP needed to 
campaign on the basis that it 
was committed to nudear 
disarmament. Their commit- 
ment to sound defence was. 
overshadowing their commit- 
ment to nuclear disarmament. 

Mr Brace Dougfas-Msnn. 
parliamentary candidate for 
Mitcham and Mortien, said it 
wasa delusion to imagine that 
the two parties could have 
separate policies on any major 
issue. He moved a motion 
which considered it imper- 

ative that the Liberals and the 
SDP had a united and respon- 
sible policy for defence and 
disarmament for the election 
and for government 
The motion welcomed the 
joint commission report and 
the further initiatives of the 
two leaders as important and 
realistic steps towards this 
objective.The preparation of 
the document had involved 
big concessions by the Lib- 
erals. They needed to be seen 
as a party with a mind of its 
own and the constitutional 
right to determine notiev 
The three motions on de- , 
fence were carried and the 
amendments recommended 
by Mr Cartwright. 

Risks of Star Wars policy 

at least maintain and then if Alliance and to avoid the 
necessary to replace Polaris impasse which otherwise 

should not be construed as 
replacement come what may. 

would annihilate them. 

Mr Dickson Mahon, Ayr- 

Rather it reflected the judge- shire, moved an amendment, 
merit on the likely balance of which was later remitted. 

future probabilities. 

Mr Ben Stoneham. 
Stevenage area party, moved 
an amendment, later carried. 

deleting the reference to SDL 
He said that he dissented from 
the view that SDI had ob- 
structed progress towards 

er option. Torquay 


which said that instead of the peace and disarmament The 
policy document approved in anxiety of the Soviets for a 

summit was based on the view 

A strong plea for an agreed 
Alliance position on defence 
was made by Mr John Cart- 
wright MP for Woolwich, 
who said that they were not 
seeking reaffirmation of every 
dot and comma of their 
defence derisions at Torquay. 

It was obvious- that they 
should not regard every de- 
rision taken there as being 
carved on tablets of stone. 

They saw the Stevenage 
amendment to the main mo- 
tion as agreeing to the broad 
_ strands of defence policy and 
on that basis it should be 

As for the Strategic Defence 
.Initiative (SDI), President 
Reagan had said it was not 
negotiable so its benefit as a 
negotiating card was substan- 
tially undermined. What they 
objected to was the fact that 
SDI had been suddenly ele- 
- vated to supremacy over all 
other aspects of defence 

SDI distorted defence prior- 
ities, raised expectations, 
some of which were impos- 


sible to meet, risked accelerat- 
ing the nuclear arms race and 
extending that arms race into 
space. It also undermined 
existing arms control 

He went on: “We want to 

went into Disneyland delu- 
sions about the Star Wars 

Accepting the Edinburgh 
motion, on the need for an 
agreed defence policy with the 
Liberals for the next election. 

see the whole concept of he said that if there had been 

ballistic missile research 
downgraded to the level it 
used to enjoy as a research 
programme before Reagan 

nuclear arms 

Poll shows 
for ban 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, has only the slimmest 
of majorities within his party 
against Britain doing away 
with nudear weapons, a new 
opinion poll disclosed yes- 
terday. . . . 

The survey, conducted by 
Gallup for the Campaign for 
Nuclear Disarmament, shows 
that 40 per cent of SDP voters 
believe Britain should get nd 
of nuclear weapons “whatever 
other countries do, while 52 
per cent are against. 

Among Liberal supporter. 
55 per cent support Britain 
divesting itself of nuclear 
arms, while 39 per cent dis- 
agree. Within the Alliance as a 
whole 46 per cedi want 
nuclear disarmament irrespec- 
tive of other countries' ac- 
tions. while 47 per cent 
disagree. Seven per cent don't 
know. . . . . 

The poll, which coincided 
yesterday at Harrogate with 
the national launch of a CND 
campaign against Britain's 
bomb, shows that among all 
voters there is an almost even 
split on unilateral nudear 
disaramament with 46 per 
cent in favour and 44 pear cent 

Dr Owen and Mr David 
Steel will take little comfort 
from the response by the 
majority of the 945 people 1 
questioned by Gallup on a i 
possible European nuclear i 
deterrent. 73 per cent of 
Liberals and 69 per cent of 
Social Democrats are opposed 
to a Euro nudear bomb, 
jointly controlled by Britain, 
France and West Germany. 

While Dr Owen made dear 
at the weekend that a Euro- 
pean minimum deterrent 
could not entail shared com- 
mand and control by the 
countries involved, the poll 
findings were seized upon by 
CND leaders, who claimed 
Alliance leaders were out of 
touch with their own 
supporters' views. 

Mr Paul Johns, chairman of 
CND, said yesterday:“If the 
Alliance leaders are offering a 
European nuclear deterrent as 
a middle road and option for 
those who don't like the 
Conservative or Labour par- 
ties posiion the poll shows 
there is no room for that 
alternative. It does not even 
have- , support within -the 

> • 

r. i m 

S&563 i 

Mr John Cartwright 

serious conflict with their CND, said yesteraajc 
partners, some SDP members Alliance leaders are ofl 
of the joint commission would European nudear detei 
not have signed . a middle road and opt 

The report set out helpful those who don't hi 
criteria on which decisions Conservative or Labo 
could be made about the ties positon the poll 
replacement of Polaris but -there is no room ft 
which left open the question of alternative. It does nc 
timing. have- . support ' with! 

The two Alliance parties' Alliance." 4 
had moved a lopg way to < • • . - 

achieving agreement on the AwilfflC Tfkl* 
difficult issue of Polaris 
replacement The case for mpvnnPr^hlll 
greater European co-operation _ 

was obvious. If they endorsed The SDP now had 90,000 
the concept of closer European members and supporters and 
integration, why stop short of there had b<*n an increase of 
applying that principle to 10 per cent in the nun 
nuclear weapons? Why be members the SDP b 
totally dependent on the crafted this year, Mrs 1 
United States to provide the Williams, president, sz 
essential nudear guarantee. fore awards for the rec 

Geoffrey Smith 

The debate on Affiance 
defence policy yesterday 
passed off much wore 
smoothly than might hare 

been expected after the Storms 

a few months ago. David Owe# 
did not denounce the report 
from the joint SDP-Liberal 

Commission for Hs ftabfey 
equivocation over a replace- 
ment for Polaris. But neither 
was his freedom of manoeuvre 
restricted for the further nego- 
tiations that lie ahead with the 
Liberals. , 

Hie signal flashed t o him 
from his party was green 
tinged with amber. He is free 
to coatuwe insisting that there 
most be a successor to Polaris. 
He has not been told to 
compromise on essentials, hot 
it has been indic at ed that he 

should not be unnecessarily 
provocative towards his crit- 
ics, especially in the Liberal 

The whole tone of the 
defence debate within the Affi- 
ance has been transformed by 
introducing a new phrase into 
the discourse of Social Demo- 
crats and Liberals. No longer 
is It acceptable in polite Alli- 
ance society to speak of a 
British national deterrent. It u 
a ■wiwiwinm European deter- 
rent that is now undo* 

Euro deterrent 
brilliant device 

Asa political device this is 
brilliant. It gives the im- 
pression to those who were 
against the replacement of 
Polaris because they were 
revoked by the very idea of a 
British deterrent that some- 
thing quite different is now 
being considered. 

The impression is also being 
conveyed that the concept of a 
European deterrent is a major 
and constructive exercise in 
parti finding -, which it would be 
smaU-muHied to reject. 

The two. Davids and their 
colleagues were received with 
elaborate attention on their 
recent visit to Paris, and a 
spokesman for the French 
Socialists spoke at a fringe 
meeting in Harrogate on Sat- 
urday evening. 

But this raises two ques- 
tions. Will the trick work with 

10 per cent in the number of the liberals, and how much is 
members the SDP had re- really changed by decking the 

Sale of weapons to 
guerillas proposed 

Focus on grants deplored 

Britain should consider sell- 
ing arms to the guerilla move- 
ment in South Africa once 
sanctions had inevitably 
failed, Mr Laurence Cock- 
croft. prospective Par- 
liamentary candidate for 
Halifax, said in a debate on 
international co-operation. 

“We are now on a coum- 
down lo a major confronta- 
tion between the African 
National Congress and the 
force of the South African 
government.*' he said. 

He asked if the United 
Kingdom and EEC were going 
to stand by while the ANC was 
supplied with arms from the 
Eastern bloc and the South 
African government could 
brand them as Communists. 

“Are we prepared to follow 
the logic of what 1 believe will 
be the failure of sanctions and 
consider the supply of arms to 
the guerilla movement? I be- 
lieve we should." he said. 

This should be linked to an 
international fund to finance 
the resettlement of whites. 
Indians and anyone else who 
wished to leave South Africa. 

Mr David Marquand. reply- 

ing to the debate for the policy 
committee, said that the SDP 
stood for practical, real 

The only answer was to 
work within an increasingly 
supra-national European 
community to which real de- 
cision-making power was 
transferred by member states. 
This was the place where 
Britain could best hope to 
exert an influence for good on 
the rest of the world. 

• All too often the path to 
drugs despair began with the 
green channel at Dover, which 
was either undermanned or 
unmanned. Mr Geoffrey Nice, 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Dover, said 
during the same debate in a 
protest at “blind” cuts in the 
Civil Service. 

In Dover there were mas- 
sive quantities of freight entei- 
ing the country, less than 1 per 
cent of it subject to inspection. 
The Government now 
acknowledged that more than 
60 per cent of heroin got 
throughin that basically un- 
checked freight. . 

It was disappointing that stu- 
dent interests somehow al- 
ways put at the top of their 
agendas the level of the grant 
Ms Anne Sofer. chairman of 
the SDP working group on 
higher education, said in 
replying to a debate on the 
group's consultative paper 
More means Better: A new 
vision for Higher Education. 

The main proposals in the 
document involve a 30 per 
cent increase in student num- 
bers by 1995, a 20 per cent rise 
in the IS to 19 age group 
emering higher education, the 

perate. They were talking 
about the wrong things be- 
cause their debate bad been 
dominated • by student in- 
terests and student mainte- 
nance was not the only issue in 
higher education. 

. They must think about the 
S3 per cent of young people 
who did not go into higher 
education. It was .a scandal 
that thefigure was as high 
The strongest enuasm of 
the consultative document 
came from Miss -Jackie 
Sadek, Tower Hamlets, who 
said that the result wasa crass 

introduction office part-time expedience by the policy 
education, and a more- open committee pointing out that 
and flexible system enabling all the alternatives were un- 
people to build .up attractive, but not pinning 
qualifications in stages and to their colours to the mast and 
transfer between courses and coming out with solutions, 
colleges -without having to Mr Andrew Hartley, presi- 
siart again ai the beginning. dent of the SDP students, said 
She said that the problems that the party must take into 
of higher education were des- account the full cost of the 

seen as 

An emergency motion 
rejecting the pretence that 
increases in spending limits 
announced by the Govern- 
ment for 1987-88 represented 
anything more than a stand- 
still in real terms, was passed 

It said that as national 
income permitted, increases 
should be devoted to mainte- 
Compulsorfly taxing par- nance of local services, 
ents might be counter-produo Mr Marvey Cote. Mid 
live. It was mentioned m the Hants, said that government 
document and the policy proposals amounted to a 
committee and working group recognition that the level of 
wanted views on it unavoidable expenditure was 

A move to commit the SDr going to remain unchanged. I 
the provision of a statutory The object was to pereuade 

hi to two years pre-school the electorate that services 
ucanon for all under-5s was ought to be held to their 
lected. present level. 

expansion envisaged. Stu- 
dents proposed a degree of 
parental contribution be re- 
tained but taxed at source. 
Direct taxation would ensure 
each student got a grant. 

Mrs Sofer said that the 
document did come down 
against student loans. The 
idea of taxing parents was 
party policy from a document 
of 1983 but since then a 
number of people considered 
the impart that might have on 
family relationships was 



to the provision of a statutory 
right to two years pre-school 
education for all under-5s was 

Owen sets tone for election campaign 

Dr Darid Owen, Leader of be accepted in government by 
the SDP, set the pattern for people who did not think 

the party's campaign in the 
nm-op to the next election 

constantly about politics; they 
would have to marry np with 


BT return to state 
control is rejected 

when be said on the first day of their fears and aspirations, 
the conference that the key The document was the start 
issues would be nnemploy- of a consultative process first 
meat, taxation and defence. in the conference, then in the 
Behind that he said, would Liberal conference, and then 
be underlying concern at -the the special conference of local 
lack of cohesion in this conn- government, 
try. violence and drags, deep It had bean a good year for 
concern about standards in the the Affiance nationally and 
National Health Service and locally. Dr Owen said. Not 
schools, and a realization that much was heard now from the 

Any suggestion that the 
SDP favoured re nationaliza- 
tion of British Telecom and 
British Gas would be a gift to 
Mr Norman Tebbit and the 
Conservative Party in the run- 
up lo the next election Mr Ian 
Wrigglesworth; MP for Stock- 
ton South, said during a 
debate on competition and the 

His plea for conference to 
reject decisively an amend- 
ment lo the policy commiLiee 
report on competition, was 
supported from the floor. Ii 
had called for renationaliza- 
tion with compensation of 
private industries where com- 
petition was unobtainable and 
service supply 'needed 

In addition to the mountain 
that would be made out of it 

democratic consultation by 
two political parties. It laid the 
foundation for the Affiance 
programme for goveraeumL 
It was not a question of it 
being a Labour or a Conser- 
vative programme, said Dr 

that, then go back and read the 
reports on the first association 
between the SDP and Liberals 
in 1981 when there were 
endless reports of division 
and squabbling " 

The paper embodied the 

craited this year, Mrs Shirley 
Williams, president, said be- 
fore awards for the recruiting 
of new members were pre- 
sented by Dr David Owen, 
party leader. 

She said that none the less 
there was a great deal more 
that could be done. The 
evidence from recruitment 
campaigns was that if they 
approached members of the 
public who supported the 
Alliance in the ballot box then 
one in 10 was willing to join or 
support the party. They 
needed a substantial drive for 
£4-a-year members. 

Top awards for recruitment 
went to Tower Hamlets and 
the Somerset area party. 

‘Crucial’ time 
for Alliance 

Mr David Fenfaaligon, Lib- 
eral MP for Truro, bringing 
the good wishes of the Liberal 
Party on the opening day of 
the conference, said that the 
Alliance offered the electorate 
an opportunity to cast a super- 
vote, the chance to keep out 
both Conservative and. La- 
bour parties. 

What was debated and de- 
cided at the SDP and Liberal 
conferences would set up the 
Alliance challenge at the next 
General Election, he said. If 
they made a mess of ft now 
there would probably not be 
time to recover, ft was a 
crucial two weeks for the 

Owen, but a joint. Mgptiaced Higher fee 

in .be £ T. » - JL ft. advice 

by the Government, what of the economy was. dangerously other parties about the chaos 

the 1.6 million BT sharehold- 
ers and the millions who 
would buy shares in British 
Gas? he asked. 

The cost of renationaliza- 
lion also made it a non-starter 
at around £14.000 million for 
BT and British Gas alone, the 
equivalent of the present pub- 
lic sector borrowing require- 

The policy committee 
wanted to open up com- 
TKiition of the public corpora- 
tions and the large privatized 
monopolies and introduce 
tighter regulation. That made 
sense, he said. 

weak. and confusion they had pre- 

Speaklng in support of dieted in balanced councils. 
Partnership far Progress , the The fact was that people were 
consultative paper produced in getting used to negotiated 

conjunction with the Liberal 
Party, Dr Owen said that it 


It was possible to create a 

was not jost a question of balance between enterprise 
forging a partnership between and welfare, market economy 
the two parties, but out of the and social justice, economic 

country as a whole. 


“We most not fall into the mental integrity, equality for 
habit of the old parties," he women and support for the 
said, “of allowing those of ns family, British achievement 
who are activists' and politi- and : international co« 
cally committed, to be the operation, 
dominant voices when we forge Never before had such a 

policies for the whole nation." detailed and constructive 
These policies would have to document as Partnership for 
viewed against bow they wooM Progress been produced for 

weeks and months after the 
next election to influence and 
shape the future of this coun- 
try. - AJ1 energies should be pnt 
into achieving a position where 
they could change the political 
strategy and .future of the 

Mrs Shirley Williams, 
President of the SDP, success- 
fully moving acceptance of the 
consultative paper, said that it 
represented a completely new 
innovation in British politics - 
the ability of two parties to 
agree one policy after another, 
and to construct between them 
a platform on which to fight a 
general election. 

“It is something we hi the 
SDP have now become so used 
to that we have almost stopped 
recognizing what an astonish- 
ing achievement it is," she 
said. “If yon do not believe 

and the liberals On One issue 
after the other, she said. 

The nm-op to the next 
election would be rough and 
they would have to be ready to 
fight luck, she said. It would 
be a scurrilous campaign in 
which their opponents would 
be capable of trying anything 
in the political booL 

The document set out five 
crucial planks hi that platform 
which characterized the SDP 
and Liberal parties: commit- 
ment to reverse economic de- 
cline; fundamental 
commitment to soctel justice; 
commitment to the defence of 
the country and it allies; a new 
approach to fellow human 
beings in the third world; and 
under-pinnhig all those re- 
forms. constitutional reforms 
which would make them pos- 

Aginst the advice of the 

platform as given by Mr «... 

William Rodgers, one of the J”®* 1 am *»tioas 

founders SSkSRr "°«H be for 
members voted by 95 to 85 to S France to develop 

introduce a new annual party SSlS? a nw * f !? crat,on 
membership subscriptionftnr “®body 

couples of £6: Moves to h? whefh P 
increase the £4 individual SLfwK?* W !**“* a,e ***** 
membership to £5 and to JT 
introduce a £2 fee for those minim™? p taBe ’ tfct ? fora » * 
out of work were rejected. 

Today’s agenda 

Mr David Steel, leader of the 

Liberal Party, wfll address the tot WAh * ent » k ** 

mnfwwp thie _ Jt. 

deterrent oat in European 

The trick has certainly 
worked with David Steel, but 
tot may be simply because he 
wants it to work. His concern 
is above all to find a basis for 
agreement with to SDP, so 
that the Alliance can fight the 
election on a united program. 

The c om ments from the 
Liberal representatives who 
have been at Harrogate over 
the weekend have created a 
much less favourable im- 
pression with the Social 
Democratic leadership. There, 
will be difficulties between the 
two parties if the Liberals are 
prepared to contemplate a 
European deterrent only later 
on if hopes of an arms control 
settlement are frustrated. 

Bat what would a minimum 
European deterrent actually 
involve? It would certainly not 
mean joint operational control 
of the Ajsgfe-French unclear 
| forces. National nudear forces' 

< would remain subject to nar 
[ tional political control. 

Feasibility of 
joint projects 

There might be agreement 
on joint targeting and on the 
co-ordination of submarine 
missions. IT the tinting of refits 
for each country's submarines 
could be synchronized, then 
both Britain and France might 
possibly be able to dispense 
with a submarine or so. 

Rather more ambitiously 
Britain might be persuaded to 
boy the French M4 or MS 
nudear missiles. But they' 
Bright be even more expensive 
than Trident. 

The most ambitions’ 
coUaboratioo would be for 
Bnfaii and France to develop 
together a new generation of 
nuclear weapons. But nobody 
yet knows whether tot would 
be feasible or what the costs 
would be. 

At this stage, therefore, a 
nummum European deterrent 1 
remains a clever political idea- 

Mr David Sled, leader of the 
Liberal Party, will address the 
conference this morning. Is- 
sues being debated today will 
include energy, proportional 
representation, women's pol- 
icy. and the section of the 
policy document Partnership 
for Progress dealing with free- 
dom. democracy and better 

What is dear, however, is 
mat dever though the idea 
be, it does not remove the 1 
need to choose on the point of 
principle. Either the Affiance' 

SLCL. 61 !® *** eIe «i0B 

committed to having some 
®wcessor for Polaris, or it will 

•Ihn sh; 


I 1*1 , 

k' I ** 

Conference reports by Robin Oakley, Richard Evans, Alan Wood, Amanda Haigh and Anthony Hodges 

1 iib 'TIMES MONIjav: SEPTEMBER- 15 - 1 986 

Bias claimed 
against women 
in jail sentence 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent - 

, The- National Association 
for the Care and Resettlement 
of Offenders (Nacro) is to 
express concern to the Home 
Secretary, Mr Douglas Hurd, 
about sexual discrimination 
against women over jail 

The director of Nacro. Miss 
Vivien Stern, is sending him a 
copy of evidence on women's 
treatment in the criminal jus- 
tice system which Nacro is 
giving to the Commons home 
affairs committee inquiry into 

Under plans expected to be 
announced by Mr Hurd at the 
Conservative Party confer- 
ence. the Judicial Studies 
Board, which is responsible 
for passing Court of Appeal 
guidance to the judiciary, will 
be given a statutory duty to 

judged not to need a. prison 

Thai means that Iasi year 
nearly 2.000 women were 
behind bars without a prison 
sentence being passed- 

In 1984. of 3J91 females 
remanded in custody before 
trial or sentence. 1.052. or 
38 per cent of those for whom 
the outcome is recorded, re- 
ceived custodial sentences. In 
comparison. 62 per cent of 
males received custodial 

Discrimination is also dis- 
closed by examining immedi- 
ate custody rales against 
women's criminal careers. 

Of those for whom details of 
previous convictions were 
available, 1 7 per cent given 
immediate custody had no 
previous convictions and 

Air defence: 1 

£lbit shakeup for 
ground radar 

In the first of two articles, Rodney Cowton, Defence 
Correspondent, looks at the £1 billion programme to 
modernize air defence radars and other systems, 
aimed at ensuring that, despite great advances in 
Soviet aircraft, they will continue to be able to intrude 
into Britain T s air defence area only at their perii 

Britain’s air defences are 
undergoing their most com- 
irehensive modernization 
ince the Second World War, 
>1 a cost of at least £SbiIlion. 
mb Virtually every aspen 
anging from aircrfift- to 
omm unications systems be- 

Much of that work has 
rceived a good deal of public 
ttention. most notably in the 
ase of tortured efforts to 
ring into use a new Airborne 
iariy Warning (AEW) aircraft, 
nd in the programme to 
cquire 165 Tornado aircraft 
i the air defence version. 

But one aspect, that of 
todemizing the ground- 
ased radars and communica- 
ons and control equipment, 
ritich are the cement of the 
'hole system, has received 
datively little attention, even 
lough it is going to cost about 
1 billion. 

The programme is known 
ither clumsily as the Im- 
roved United Kingdom Air 
defence Ground ■ Environ- 
leni (IUKADGE). 

The United Kingdom Air 
tafence Region is a vast area, 
■hich extends from Iceland 
nd Norway in the north far 
ut into the Western Ap- 

It is important not only 
ecause in war it would de- 
:nd Britain and the convoys 
pproaching these islands 
om air attack, but also 
ecause it would have to guard 
gainst attacks coming from 
oviet bases in the Arctic 
hich could outflank the Nato 

air defences in central Europe. 

The need for a radical 
improvement of the system 
was recognized in the 1970s. 

The -development of new 
weapons- systems, and above 
all of new forms of electronic 
warfare, meant that to be 
effective in the 1990s and 
onwards, radars and com : 
mand, control and commu- 
nications systems would have 
to be much more resistant to 
jamming and other forms of 
electronic attack and much 
less easy for enemy attackers 
to locate. 

Because of the speed . of 
modem weapon systems, and 
particularly of long-range mis- 
siles, IUKADGE would also 
have to be able to react 
virtually instantly to a threat, 
with information being con- 
veyed throughout the entire 
System within seconds. 

That demanded the use of 
computer capacity on a huge 
scale. But it also required a 
completely secure ground- 
based communications sys- 
tem, which could survive in 
war conditions. 

That is being provided by 
the Uniter system. 

Thirteen modern radars are 
being installed, and the RAF 
expects to have received about 
half of them before the end of 
this year. 

The radars will be mobile, 
being capable of moving rap- 
idly between locations, both 
on and off roads, and will be 
protected by decoys 

Tomorrow: Continuous 

Science report 

Lasers to make flood 
control more accurate 

By John Newell 

research project winch 
isures flooding in an arti- 
il water course, using new 
r-based instruments, a ims 
lake flood control less of an 
and more of a science, 
ot enough is known about 
forces involved in flooding, 
nces against which have 
water authorities an av- 
i e of £73 million each year 
the past six years, 
r Peter Worm I eat on, of 
Civil Engineering Depart- 
t of Queen Mary College, 
don University, is using an 
tfimental flood channel at 
Iraulics Research Ltd, at 

ilingford-on-Thames, a 

raton that was Govern- 
i-owned before its recent 
atization, to make e xact 
surements of the 
Ived in various patterns of 
ling. _ . 

he Wallingford flood 
met which was conunis- 
ed in November last jw< 
a 56 metre-long channel of 
*r flowing between banks 
metres wide. The water 
can be controlled pre- 
iy so as to create any 

tired degree of flooding. 

s water spills out over the 
<s on each side, the slow 
low flow of water across 
banks interacts with the 
ier, more rapid, flow down 

the channel. Those inter- 
actions largely determine the 
forces with which flood water 
piles np on control embank- 
ments, and how effective chan- 
nels dug to contain flooding 
will be. 

In the artificial flooding; Dr 
XVormleaton is using an ad- 
vanced laser anemometry sys- 
tem in which laser light is 
shone down 20 metre-long 
flexible optical fibres to a 
probe, which can be placed 
anywhere in the test area. 

Two separate laser beams 
are focused on to significant 
points In the water flow, where 
eddy currents are formed. The 
two beams interact to form 
interference fringes, patterns 
of light and dark bands. 

As particles of silt, sus- 
pended in the water, move 
across the fringe pattern, the 
intensity of light reflected 
back from the particles de- 
pends on whether a particle is 
moving through a light or a 
dark band. 

The reflected light is contin- 
nailv collected and measured. 
From changes in light inten- 
sity, and the known spacing of 
the interference fringes, the 
speed of the current wherever 
the laser beams intersect can 
be measured accurately. . 


Prosecution service 

New system starts with 
severe shortage of lawyers 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

assemble and publish gui-' 36 per cent had two or fewer, 
delines. In comparison. 6 per cent of 

Miss Stern said yesterday the men had no. previous 
that seniencers’ over-readi- convictions and 22 per cent 
ness to send people to prison bad two or fewer, 
was one of the most urgent Nacro thinks it disturbing 
issues requiring attention. that a much smaller propor- 
“Mosi of the women who' Uon ° f wora “ rec ^ v jL coni - 
are sent to prison should not - 

be there”, she said. «/ Mrs - if* 6 ?? - Doi J 1,n ^ 

n r Warwick University, found 

Only a smaJ! fraction have ^t TO0St magistrates and 
committed violent offences probation officers interviewed 
and a much higher proportion claimed that they took special 
than of male prisoners have factors into account for all 
no or few previous con- offenders. But the figures 
viciions. showed that concern with 

' One cause of concern is the women's domestic respon- 
high use of jail for women on sibilities was not translated 
remand: two-thirds are later into leniency. 

Mr MagdiYacouh, the transplant surgeon, with Jamie Gavin ami Kirsty Vowles, the world's 
two youngest surviving heait/Iuug transplant patients, at the start of a fan 'run they joined 
yesterday to raise money for Harefield Hospital, in Middlesex. 

Plea to keep castles open in winter 

The British Tourist Author- 
ity warns country bouses and 
castles to stay open all winter 
in an attempt to increase off- 
peak holiday bookings. . 

The authority’s director of 
marketing/Mr Alan Jefferson, 
is campaigning for the trade to 
beat the winter shutdown. 

The campaign comes after a 

meeting in London at which 
tour operators said there was a 
customer demand for travel 
during the winter months but 
too few attractions were open. . 

Two royal anniversaries are 
expected to help tourism next 
year the 150th anniversary of 
the accession of Queen Vic- 
toria and the 400th anniverary 

of the execution of Mary 
Queen of Scots. 

Many events north and 
south of the 'border are bang 
planned ■ to commemorate 
Mary's 1 death. The Scottish 
campaign will be launched on 
February 8, the anniversary of 
her execution: 

with just two weeks to go 
before the crown prosecution 
service is operational through- 
| out the -country, London still 
faces a severe shortage of 
lawyers who are taking over 
responsibility for prosecutions 
from the police. 

In London the old metro- 
politan police prosecuting 
solicitors' department had 
about eighty lawyers who did 
only the most serious prosecu- 
tions or those of particular 
sensitivity. But under the new 
service the whole of London 
will need about 300 lawyers. 

The shortage has meant a 
heavy reliance on freelance 
lawyers from the outside pro- 

Apart from the sheer num- 
ber of those needed, one 
reason for the shortage is 
thought to be the salary. The 
crown prosecutor comes in on 
a salary scale of £11,140 to 
£14.840. plus London 
weighting. Prosecutors from 
outside London are unwilling 
to move into the capital on 
that pay. 

London is estimated to 
have recruited at best two- 
thirds of the number it needs 
in some areas, and little more 
than half in others. 

The capital had a bigger job 
than the rest of the country 
because until now the police 
have done most routine 
prosecutions in court. Else- 

where, there were prosecuting 
solicitors' departments that 
have formed the core of the 
new service and its network of 
salaried lawyers. 

The final pieces of the 
London jigsaw fall into place 
on Wednesday when Camber- 
well Green, Wells Street Lam- 
beth and South Western 
magistrates' courts go over to 
the new service, ready for 
October I. 

The service started on April 
i in the six metropolitan areas 
outside London and on Octo- 
ber 1 starts in the shires and in 
London, where it has been 
coming into force on a rolling 

As everywhere else in the 
country, there have been com- 
plaints of lost papers and 
wrong cases going to the 
wrong courts, with general 
chaos and confusion. 

Mr Anthony Edwards, an 
east London defence solicitor 
doing freelance work for the 
service, says: “l have not yet 
done a case where I have not 
had to chase a set of papers". 

But the problems arise 
mainly because of the system's 
newness. Now all cases, except 
for a few such as those 
involving national security, go 
to the crown prosecution ser- 
vice, which for the first lime 
provides an independent re- 
view of whether a case should 
be brought to court. 

The change has been a 
shock for the police, the 
courts, and magistrates. In- 
stead of a police officer stand- 
ing up in court and presenting 
a a crown prosecution 
service lawyer now appears 
and lakes the whole list for the 

Bow Street, where a pitot 
service started a year ago, 
highlights the problems else- 

The lawyers also need more 
lime to review the files than 
the police did. That is not just 
inexperience, according to Mr 
Richard Da we, senior crown 
prosecuior at Bow Street. 

He said: “The police will 
usually have seen the case 
through from the complaint 
into court. They know iu We 
are always starting cold.” 

Even with experience, the 
job of applying the Attorney 
General's guidelines on what 
cases should be prosecuted 
means that the process will 
take longer. But that should be 
more than balanced by throw- 
ing out poor cases that will not 
then work their way through 
the court system. 

In Bow Street, things are 
settling down. A new breed or 
lawyer, skilled in reviewing all 
kinds of criminal case, is 
emerging and the prosecution 
service, Mr Da we says, is 
“becoming a way of life for 
those of us in it”. 



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" Mr ms. available from branches of Lloyds Bank Pk: 71 LombArd5treeri London EOP ?BS. Lending is at the Bank’s discretion and you must be 18 or over to borrow. 






Terror preview to Asian Gaines 

North Korea suspect after five 
killed in Seoul airport blast 

Seoul (Reuter) — A bomb 
blast in the crowded arrival 
hall of Seoul's Kimpo Airport 
yesterday killed five people 
and wounded 26, police said. 

The incident increased fears 
that terrorists would try to 
sabotage the Asian Games 
starting next Saturday, and 
police say (hey are investi- 
gating whether North Korea 
was involved in the attack. 

A police spokesman said 
that no foreigners or athletes 
were hurt in the explosion, 
which was caused by a bomb 
planted in a rubbish bin near a 
terminal gate. The airport was 
busy at the weekend with 
sportsmen and officials from 
28 nations flying in for the 

A Japanese Foreign Min- 
istry official, quoting reports 
from Tokyo's Embassy in 
Seoul, said that the bomb was 
believed to have been det- 
onated electronically. Wit- 
nesses said they saw three 
people blown through massive 
plate-glass windows by the 
force of the explosion. 

Within minutes a large force 
of special anti-terrorist troops 
had cordoned off the inter- 
national terminal. No arrests 

were reported. A police inves- 
tigation team is trying to find 
out whether the bomb was 
planted by North Korean 
agents or by groups backed by 
Pyongyang, the spokesman 

- South Korean authorities 

Chun Doo Hwan on visit to 

Pyongyang denied involve- 
ment in that attack, but 
Burma convicted two North 
Korean military officers of 
having carried it ouL 
A force of 100,000 police 

Catalans injure 4 in Olympics protest 

attacks against Spanish secur- 
ity forces to protest against the 
city's candidature for the 1992 

The bomb was aimed at a 
patrol car driving through the 
city centre. A Civil Guard 
spokesman said the bomb 
contained 44 lb of explosives 
and shrapnel. 

Barcelona — Catalan sepa- 
ratists said yesterday they had 
planted a car bomb which in- 
jured three paramititaty GvO 
Guards and a pedestrian in 
this northern dty on Saturday 
night (Renter reports). 

The separatist group Terra 
Liinre (Free Land) m ade th e 
claim and warned of further 

have expressed concent for 
weeks that communist North 
Korea, determined not to per- 
mit the propaganda victory 
the South would win by suc- 
cessfully staging the Games, 
might attempt sabotage. 

The spokesman said that 
yesterday's blast appeared to 
be similiar to the one in 
October 1983 in Rangoon in 
which 17 South Korean of- 
ficials died, in-eluding four 
Cabinet ministers who were 
accompanying President 

has been put on high alert 
throughout the country. Se- 
curity around Gaines fatalities 
is overwhelming, with three 
separate steel barriers sur- 
rounding the athletes' village. 

Many of the 6.000 foreign 
sportsmen and officials ex- 
pected for the Games have 
already taken up residence in 
the village, including a 154- 
strong advance party from 
China, a staunch ally of North 
Korea which has no official 
relations with SeouL 

In addition to the perceived 
threat of terrorism from North 
Korea or elsewhere. South Ko- 
rean authorities are taking se- 
riously threats by radical 
students here to send “com- 
mandos" to disrupt the games. 

Officials said that two Seoul 
universities will suspend 
classes for up to three weeks 
from tomorrow to prevent 
students from staging planned 

A third university, whose 
gymnasium will be the venue 
tor the Asian Games tae kwon 
do (Korean martial arts) 
events, has said it will cancel 
classes during the com- 

Student radicals accuse 
President Chun' of trying to 
use the Games, and the Olym- 
pic Games due to be staged 
here in 1988, as a way of 
boosting his government's im- 
age. Billions of dollars spent 
ou the two events would be 
better used in helping poor 
workers and farmers, they say. 

The Government says that 
the vast majority of South 
Koreans support staging the 
Games and has issued an 
appeal to students to behave. 

Peres wants US backing for 
Middle East peace talks 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Is- 
raeli Prime Minister, left for 
Washington yesterday for 
talks with President Reagan in 
which he is expected to give a 
further push to the Middle 
East peace process after his 
summit meeting in Egypt last 

He is expected to try to 
obtain US backing for a peace 
conference to which he and 
President Mubarak of Egypt 
agreed in principle. 

Mr Peres may also meet Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the So- 
viet Foreign Minister, with a 
view to sounding out Mos- 
cow's position on such a 

The Israeli Ambassador in 
Washington met his Soviet 
counterpart, Mr Yuri Dub- 
inin, at the end of last week, 
giving rise to speculation that 
such a meeting may be in the 

Speaking before he left yes- 
terday. Mr Peres would not 
confirm whether he will meet 
Mr Shevardnadze. But he did 
say that Israel would have no 
objection if the Soviet Union 
took part in a peace con- 
ference, provided that it 
agreed to re-establish dip- 
lomatic relations. 

He indicated, however, that 
he was not optimistic, in 
which case a way would have 
to be found for a peace 
conference “without reject- 

Mr Peres dismissed reports 
that Washington was not 
enthusiastic about a peace 
conference that would bring 
Moscow back into Middle 
East peacemaking, an almost 

exclusive American preserve 
for almost a decade. He said 
that both President Reagan 
and Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, agreed fully 
that such a conference might 
be a necessary accompani- 
ment to any direct negotia- 

He was equally dismissive 
of opposition to an inter- 
national conference from his 
Likud coalition partners, who 
made plain at yesterday's 
Cabinet meeting that they 
remain opposed. 

With less than a month to 
go before Mr Peres hands over 

Two members of an alleged 
terrorist ring were murdered in 
Nablus prison by a third gang 
member on Saturday because 
they were co-operating with 
the Israelis, according to Is- 
rael radio (David Bernstein 
reports from Jerusalem). 

the premiership to Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir. Likud has been care- 

• ful not to generate a crisis over 
the conference idea. 

Mr Peres conceded yes- 
terday that he did not expect 
immediate results. 

Also on his agenda will be 
talks on moving Israel's now 
stable but stagnant economy 
towards renewed growth. Mr 
Peres made clear that he 
would not seek further eco- 
nomic aid, but would be 
exploring ways of generating 
US investment in Israel. 

• Woman shot: A Palestinian 
woman was shot dead yes- 
terday morning while appar- 

ently trying to slit the throat of 

an Israeli soldier in the West 
Bank town of Hebron. 

The soldier, who was guard- 
ing the Cave of the Patriarchs 
in Hebron, was surprised by 
the woman, who attacked him 
from behind, stabbed him and 
then tried to slit his throat. 

A fellow soldier fired a 
warning shot into the air, 
according to eyewitness re- 
ports from Hebron, before 
firing two shots at the woman 
and killing ber. 

The wounded soldier is said 
to be in satisfactory condition. 
Israel imposed a curfew on the 
Casbah in Hebron. 

• Embassy planned: Ivory 
Coast plans to open an em- 
bassy in Jerusalem today in a 
diplomatic victory for Israel, 
which has long sought to 
bolster its disputed claims to 
the holy dty, Israeli officials 
said (Reuter reports), 
nly i 

Salvador have maintained 
embassies in Jerusalem since 
Israel passed a law in 1980 
declaring the dty, induding 
the eastern sector captured 
from Jordan in the 1967 war, 
its undivided capital. 

Other countries with em- 
bassies in Jerusalem moved 
them to Tel Aviv in protest at 
the declaration. 

Ivory Coast renewed rela- 
tions 10 months ago with 
Israel which it and most other 
black African nations severed 
in the 1973 Middle East war. 
Ivory Coast’s Ambassador, 
Mr Jean- Pierre Boni, is ex- 
pected to arrive within a 

Amal seize 
Unifil blast 

Beirut (AP) — The Shia 
Muslim Amal militia has ar- 
rested two men suspected of 
detonating a bomb itiiimi 
a French soldier in the UN 
Interim Force (Unifil) in Leba- 
non and wounded three others, 
according to reports yesterday 

Newspapers quoted an Am- 
al official in Bafliye, the 
Tillage where the am bosh 
occurred, as saying Amal be- 
lieved the suspects played a 
principal role in the attack. 

They quoted die official as 
saying the two men were 
seized by Amal uriUtMuneri on 
a hilltop overlooking the spot 
where the remote-control 
bomb, containing an estimated 
65 lb of explosives, was det- 
onated on Saturday as a 
French Unifil patrol passed. 

The Amal official was 
quoted as saying militiamen 
discovered two other explosive 
charges near the ambush site. 
One was a 120 mm artillery 
shell linked to an 'electrical 
wire in a ditch near the bomb 
scene; the other a warhead 
from a Soviet-made Grad 
rocket covered with hay. 

The fighting between the 
nine-nation Unifil and Shia 
tactions loyal to Iran has 
raised concern about the 
5,800-member force sent into 
south Lebanon in 1978 to 
supervise die withdrawal of 
Israeli forces, who had thrust 
Into die region against Pales- 
tinian guerrillas. 

• Militiamen killed: Shia 
guerrillas killed three Israeli- 
bacfced militiamen in an pre- 
dawn attack yesterday m the 
western Bekaa valley. 

Baghdad envoy dies in 
car bomb explosion 

From A Correspondent, Karachi 

An Iraqi consular official, 
Mr Nabathal Abdul Salam 
Abdul LatiE, was killed and 
another man hurt when a 
bomb exploded in his car 
yesterday morning. 

Police said a device planted 
in the car killed the diplomat 
instantly and injured his un- 
identified passenger. The dip- 
lomat was on his way to the 
consulate when his car ex- 
ploded near a commercial area 
in Clifton, an upper-class area. 

A strict security cordon has 
been thrown round the Iraqi 
consulate and armed guards 
posted at other Iraqi offices 
and businesses. Officials at 
the Iraqi consulate have de- 
clined to comment. 

Police said they had re- 
ceived no claims of respons- 
ibility for the killing. 

Mr Salman Taraiki. who 
was arrested on Wednesday at 
the Islamabad airport for bis 
alleged involvement in last 
week's Pam Am jet hijacking 
has been remanded in police 
custody for 14 days. 

Taraiki travelled to Islam- 
abad on a Libyan passport bat 
the Libyan Embassy has 
claimed the passport was 
forged and that be was not a 

Libyan national. 

Some police sources say Mr 
Taraiki masterminded the 
hijacking, which culminated in 
23 people being killed and 
more than 100 badly injured. 

World bridge 

Australian fights off 
French for top post 

From A Bridge Correspondent Miami Beach 

A Sydney lawyer, Mr Denis 
Howard, aged 53, was elected 
president of the World Bridge 
Federation on the eve of the 
world championships on Sat- 
urday in succession to Senor 
Jaime Ortiz Patino. 

Senor Ortiz Patino had 
resigned after 10 years in 
which world tournament 
bridge has revolutionized the 
number of member countries 
and the scope of the WBF. 

Under Senor Ortiz Patino’s 
presidency, tournaments have 
increased substantially and 
procedural changes have gone 
a long way to putting the 

ethics of world championship 
bridge beyond question. 

Mr Howard fought off chal- 
lenges from two Frenchmen, 
M Jose Damiani and M 
Ernesto d’Orsi, for the pres- 
ident’s chair. He polled seven 
votes. M Damiani received 
four while M d’Oisi’s three 
eliminated him. M Damiani 
then withdrew. 

to be US 

Bonn - The US Army . is 
secretly converting cellars m 
West German hotels, office 
blocks and public buildings 
into command posts to be 
used in war. a West German 
newspaper wid yesterday 
(Our Correspondent wntesk 
Bild am Sonatas said that 
the work, costing ab ? ul 
million, was tans done be- 
causc the Americans wared 
that their few existing com- 
mand posts in German towns 
could tall quickly into enemy 
hands if Warsaw Pact troops 
were to invade the West. 

Sea treasure 
is recovered 

I Moscow (AFP) — The 
remaining gold tors aboard 
the wreck of the Bnnsb . Sec- 
ond World War cruiscrHMS 
Edinburgh have been brought 
to the surface, according to 
pravda. . 

The treasure went to the 
bottom of the Barents Sea 
when the Edinburgh was tor- 
pedoed by a German sub- 
marine in 1942. 

Troop protest 

Madrid - Five Spanish 
members of Greenpeace, incl- 
uding their leader, Senor 
Javier Pastor, were arrested by 
civil guards in the naval base 
of Mallorca when they tried to 
stop a troop ship leaving for 
military manoeuvres. 

Killer deserter 

A five-storey bunding in the centre of Kalamata in southern Greece reduced to a tangle of 
concrete and twisted balcony railings after die weekend earthquake which killed at least 17 
people. Fourteen of this flat block's two dozen residents were polled alive from die nibble. 

Government admits technical illegality’ 

Gibraltar defies judge over 
historic building demolition 

From Charles Knevrtt, Architecture Correspondent, Gibraltar 

The Gibraltar Government 
has admitted to a “technical 
illegality" in issuing a permit 
to demolish the Old Com- 
mand Education Centre in the 
Old Town district of the Rock 
so that a £4.5 million develop- 
ment can go ahead. 

The six-storey Cornwall’s 
Centre development by Tay- 
lor Woodrow of Gibraltar Ltd 
has been described as a poten- 
tial “Covent Garden of the 

It is the biggest single 
redevelopment opportunity in 
the centre of Gibraltar and 
will- indude offices, flats, 
shops, restaurants and car* 

Demolition work is con- 
tinuing in defiance of a Su- 
preme Court ruling by Mr 
Justice Alcantara on Septem- 
ber I that the demolition 
order, issued by the Develop- 
ment and Planning Commis- 
sion in July, was contrary to 
the Gibraltar dty plan and 
therefore not in conformity 
with the town planning 

The action against the Gov- 
ernment was taken by Mr 
Lionel Culatto, a banister, 
and Mr John Langdon, an 
architect, individually and as 
chairman and deputy chair- 
man of the Gibraltar Con- 
servation Society. 

The senior Crown Counsel, 
the Attorney-General's dep- 
uty, has lodged an appeal 
against the judge's decision. 

although this has not yet been 
published in full. The com- 
mission derided 10 days ago 
to allow demolition work to 

The appal is unlikely to be 
heard until next spring, by 
which time conservationists 
fear the old building will have 
been demolished and the 
redevelopment started. Law- 
yers claim the Government is 
acting in contempt of court. 

Mr Adolfo Canepa, Deputy 
Chief Minister and chairman 
of the commission, said: “The 
Attorney-General does not 
agree with the judge that the 
permit is not legal 

But he admitted that “tech- 
nically we are in breach of the 
law". He justified the decision 
to allow demolition to proceed 
as a matter of public safety 

Last Thursday the daily 
Gibraltar Chronicle published 
a letter from six local bar- 
risters expressing concern at 
the “apparent disregard" by 
the commission of the judge's 

The Old Command Educa- 
tion Centre, formerly the 
officers’ mess of the Royal 
Engineers, has been in dis- 
repair for some years. 

In a report called Save 
Gibraltar's Heritage , pub- 
lished in 1982, it was given the 
highest priority for preserva- 
tion. This confirmed the view 
of the city plan, published in 
1976, that it should be 

Taylor Woodrow of Gibral- 
tar Ltd bought the building by 
government tender last au- 
tumn for £462.000 for re- 
development Two reports, by 
the developers’ structural en- 
gineers and by the Gibraltar 
Public Works Department, 
called for its demolition. 

However, a report by an 
independent consulting en- 
gineer from London, Mr Brian 
Morton, commissioned tty the 
Gibraltar Conservation So 
ety last month, challenged the 
recommendations of the two 
other reports and stated that 
there was no danger of struc- 
tural collapse and the building 
could be restored . 

The Government's tender 
documents, issued in Septem- 
ber 1985, stated that the main 
part of the old building should 
be retained and incorporated 
in a new development 

However, in the Supreme 
Court hearing the Govern- 
ment maintained the develop- 
ment brief was “a basis for 
guidance only". 

Mr Canepa said the new 
development would make “an 
important contribution to the 
local economy. The whole of 
Gibraltar cannot be a mus- 
eum" But he added that if the 
appeal went against the 
commission, “we'll change foe 
law if we have to". 

Mr David Maddams, Tay- 
lor Woodrow's director in 
Gibraltar, was not available 
for comment 

One of two British pairs, 
Kitty Bethe and Barry Riga!, 
competing in the 420-strong 
mixed pairs championship ap- 
pear likely to be among the 
leaders at the end of foe first 

Mrs Reagan in drugs fight warning 

Washington — Mrs Nancy 
Reagan yesterday said she op- 
posed unlimited use of mili- 
tary forces to try to curb drugs 
in the United States. But sbe 
said the whole nation had to 
fight drugs and just throwing 
money at foe problem was not 
going to solve it (Michael Bin- 

yon writes). 

Mrs Reagan was interview- 
ed on television yesterday 

Asked about foe recent 
House of Representatives Bill 
calling for the use of foe armed 
forces in stopping foe inflow 
of drugs, she said some ele- 
ments, such as the Coast 

Guard, were already involved. 
But there was a danger in 
using foe military as police- 
men to make arrests. 

Mrs Reagan sidestepped di- 
rect comment on the Bill's 
provision for a nationally- 
approved death penalty for 
murders involving drugs. 

Belgrade (AP) - A Yugoslav 
soldier armed with a sub- 
machine gun deserted and 
killed two people before being 

Unruly crew 

Penh (AFP) - About 30 
crew of the British America's 
Cup team were ordered to 
leave a Fremantle restaurant 
after allegedly being involved 
in unruly scenes, foe Sunday 
Times of Perth reported. 

Tapestry theft 

Aubusson (Reuter) — Eigh- 
teen tapestries designed by 
Salvador Dali, Jean Cocteau 
and other modern artists have 
been stolen from a private 
gallery in this central French 

Escape foiled 

Beriin (AP) — Two East 
Germans were arrested after 
having braved gunfire from 
Communist border guards to 
tiy to crash their car through 
the Drewitz frontier check- 
point to foe West. 

Ferry tragedy 

Dhaka — More than 50 
people died when an over- 
crowded ferry boat sank in foe 
River Arialkhan with an es- 
timated 250 people on board 
in southern Bangladesh, about 
1 (0 miles from Dhaka. 

Pilot dies 

Hoopddorf, The Nether- 
lands (AP) — The pilot of a 
British portal plane died when 
his aircraft crashed minutes 
before landing at Schipho! 
airport, Amsterdam. 

Zoo convoy 

Taipei (Reuter) - More 
than 200,000 people lined 
streets on a 10-mile route to 
see caged animals driven from 
the Taipei Zoological Garden 
to a new zoo in the suburbs of 
the city. 

Tanker hit 

.Manama (AFP) -A French 
oil tanker, foe 239,726-tonne 
Brissac, was hit by two rockets 
in foe Gulf off Kuwait. They 
did not explode and there 
were no injuries. 

Cleaner Rome 

Rome (AP) — Thousands of 
Romans took to the streets 
with brooms and bags in a 
volunteer effort to help to 
clear the city of titter. 

Washington View 

Russia outsmarts Reagan on Daniloff 

he release of Mr Nicholas 
liloff. though welcome to 

friends and colleagues, 

■ rebound damagingly on 
Reagan .Administration. 
Iready questions are being 
id here and accusations of 
itiiude being bandied 
lit in Congress and among 
press. For few doubt that 
Russians have won a 
tble victory. 

$ one official said: “We 

; eyeball-to-eyeball with 

Russians, and we 

r George Shultz, the Sec- 
ry of State, was unusally ill 
ase when he announced 
l he said was an interim 
ngement to spare Mr 
itoff the anguish of 
inued detention in a Mos- 

i argued that there was no 
valence with the Zakh- 
case. The Russian would 
have to stand trial for 

t the more vehemently he 
ted there would not be a 
. the dearer it became 
this was exactly what foe 

Administration has been ob- 
liged to accept. The US really 
had little other choice. 

The KGB. terrified at what 
US interrogators might learn 
from Mr Gennady Zakharov 
ofSoviei spy operations in the 
US. used the arrest of a 
presumably innocent reporter 
to put pressure on Wash- 
ington. And given the confu- 
sion in foe Administration, it 
paid off. 

At first the US proposed a 
swap. But with the growing 
public furore, and under pres- 
sure from the right to stand 
firm in the face of Soviet 
blackmail, the Administration 
withdrew the offer and an- 
nounced a measured escala- 

In foe end, however, it was 
unable to let its anger run the 
full course, for fear of wreck- 
ing foe new round of arms 
control talks, which begin on 
Wednesday, and the Shultz 
meetings with Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, foe Soviet For- 
eign Minister, starting on 

Both President Reagan and 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, foe 
Soviet leader, saw foe dangers 
of the imbroglio, and wrote to 
each other urging a speedy 
solution. But by accepting the 
Soviet argument that the two 
men should be treated the 
same, foe Administration now 
faces accusations here foal it 
has sold ouL 

.As one conservative asked: 
“Can you imagine what we 

By Michael Binyon 

would be doing if Jimmy 
Carter had done this?" 

It is clear that crucial mis- 
takes were made after Mr 
Zakharov's arrest First, the 
Federal Bureau of Investiga- 
tion boasted how. in effect it 
had set him up. even supply- 
ing foe Guyanese contact with 
the secret documents to hand 
over when FBI agents were 
lying in wait This wa^ a 
humiliation that foe KGB and 
Mr Gorbachov were unlikely 
to lake lying down. 

Secondly, foe FBI acted 
independently of foe State 
Department on an issue’ 

bound to affect Soviet-US 
relations in the run-up to the 
summit Unlike previous Rus- 
sians without diplomatic 
immunity, Mr Zakharov was 
refused bail and Mr Shultz 
was not consulted. 

Presumably the FBL still 
smarting at us failure to stop 
an American spy and a Soviet 
defectorgetting away last year, 
was determined, as the Senate 
intelligence committee re- 
marked, to show that foe US 
“is on top of this spy thing". 

Finally, the intervention by 
President Reagan and the 
threat of a general escalation 
turned the affair into a per- 
sonal challenge to Mr Gor- 
bachov, making it harder for 
Moscow to back down. 

Washington is convinced a 
similar row must be going on 
in Moscow, especially over the 
clumsiness of foe powerful 
KGB in getting its revenge 
without reference to the for- 
eign policy consequences. 

How do foe two sides now 
get out of foe crisis? A retreat 
has to save face on both sides. 

An example from 1978 may 

be foe answer. When two 
Soviet United Nations em- 
ployees were then arrested as. 
spies, Moscow similarly 
seized a US businessman. 

Eventually he was let out of 
prison, tried, found guilty of 
currency smuggling, and im- 
mediately expelled from foe 
Soviet Union. The two Rus- 
sians still had to stand trial, 
and were given 50-year prison 
sentences. But only five 
months later they were 
swapped for important Soviet 
dissidents jailed in Russia. 

Something similar may now 
be in foe works. Mr Daniloff 
may be tried and then im- 
mediately expelled — perhaps 
in a month's time as a pre- 
summit gesture. And Mr 
Zakharov, if convicted, could ' - 
be later swapped for other 
dissidents still in Soviet la- 
bour camps. 

The affair is bound to doud 
relations. It will add a bitter- 
ness to foe Shultz-Shevard- 
nadze talks. It win make it 
harder for Mr Gorbachov, if 
he comes here in November, 
to ma k e a good impression. 

Paper puts Stockholm hopes for a 
caterer in — :i — A 

KGB soup 

New York (NYT) — A Long 
Island caterer found himself 
embroiled In superpower dip- 
lomacy on Saturday after the 
front page of the local paper, 

Nemday, carried his phone 
number for KGB headquarters 
in Moscow, without interna- 
tional dialling codes. 

The number was in huge 
type under a headline warning 
“Keep in Touch" and inform- 
ing readers that Nicholas 
DanitofE, foe US reporter 
freed on Friday in Moscow, 
had to call rim KGB's HQ 

^wvaaiuiui uupcs iur 2 

diplomatic milestone 

Security conference enters its *** .. mtense dis-’ 

final week of negotiations foTha^S^S que 5 i ? n 35 - 
today there is optimism that dtedfoiJfhr 10 Fndays 
agreement will be reached, the 

aim of which will faTthe . P 01 ” 1 °« foe 

reduction of foe risk of&Si.- Euraffr. .<* 

West conflict in Europe. , , «s«ung sus-- 

T * - “ naon between; 

It is the question "of how Ehrtand Wei ? 1 
rill come to that ^ 

that is in a*..u* ** also the practical 


size of* 



.Jure than 150 people rang 
the Man* household in Wan- 
tagh. “The my FuT getting 
cursed at they think they’re 
talking to the KGB," Mr Mar- 
ia said. 

The New York office of foe 
United States marshal also got 
an abnormally high number of 
rails on Saturday. Ncwsday 
also printed that number, in- 
dicating rt»f Mr Gennady 
Zakharov, foe Soviet physicist 
released m New York on 
Friday, would have to check in 

dose it wL 

intention that ~Ts“ in "doubt consS^lL* 1 ^ lhc , P^cal 
Basically foe agreement will HS*3y°“®“ cl °uds can 
allow for greater openness SSllSv«iJ ,bacu ^ e 

concerning nulitaiyactiritiS Th‘c. ° l Jf r Y at,on - 

What Stockholm will pro- J 

duce on Friday is likely t6 be m * lllBl1 me «ze of 

an agreement to reinforce foe 3 manoeuvres and to . 
measures already set out m foe SKS n SoVMa ™»rtence. a 
Rel^nki- agreement of forc^ U on non -use of 

dots change foe verbs of that iiii,*^ lled States would 
^reeraent," explained one would a ^rnent font: 
W«iem delegation head. nySf ci mder ~ 

“May win become must " if sending j 

The most important break- id ai 

through achieved in state such ai 

than two years of talks has _ 0vakia - How close ' 

been foe Soviet Union’s recent remains *° ,l| is- aim 

agreement to on-site inspec- iK ? probI ematical. 

tion of military '^ lat we are !ikeJ v 

manoeuvres. What fo e con p^? uce<i at Stockholm 52 

swsasis Sgjssspa*.- 







1 t 




Day of reckoning arrives for EEC 


but UK 
seeks unanimous stand 

.. European Community for- 
eign ministers, under the 
chairmanship of Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, finally face the derison 
today- over, sanctions a gainst 
South Africa which was put off 
at the EEC summit three 
^months ago, and are likely to 
go ahead with limited mea- 
sures. “This is die day of 
reckoning,'* one diplomat 

A move toward sanctions 
after months of reluctance was 
foreshadowed at an informal 
foreign ministers' meeting in 
Britain a week a go . 

Britain, which currently 
-holds the presidency of the 
Coun cil of Ministers, will 
refrain from blocking sanc- 
tions, provided the other 11 
EEC states are all in favour. 

The three measures envis- 
.aged at The Hague are a ban 
roo South African coal, iron 
and steel, a ban on gold coins, 
and a bait to new inves tm e n ts 
in South Africa. Britain is 
insisting on a unanimous 
decision, but much still de- 
pends on the attitude of West 
"Germany and Portugal, which 
have important links with 
South Africa. 

' Countries such as The 
"Netherlands, Ireland and 
* Denmark are pushing lor de- 
cisive action against Pretoria 
on the ground that Europe's 
political credibility is at stake. 

Sir Geoffrey will report to 
-the meeting on his talks in 
.Washington last week, when 
be said that he remained 
.sceptical of the value of 

Diplomats said implemen- 
tation of the Hague measures 
seemed inevitable, but the 
.EEC still had delaying devices 
at its disposal, including the 
argument that any European 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

measures should be co- 
ordinated with America and 
Japan. ■ 

‘ The Hague summit in June 
sent Sir Geoffrey to southern 
Africa in a final attempt to 
persuade Pretoria to release 
political prisoners and begin 
dismantling apartheid, but 
warned that limited sanctions 
would follow if the.. EEC 
judged that his mission had 
foiled. Today's meeting is 
most likely to conclude that 
the mission did fail. 

Imports of South African 
coaL iron, steel and gold coins 
into Europe amount to a little 
over £1 billion a year, or one- 
sixth of total South African 
exports to the EEC. The ban 
on new investment would 
have most impact on Britain, 
where Investments amount to 
an estimated £6 trillion. 

On the other hand, invest- 
ments have been felling, arid 
Britain already operates a ban 
on new investment as well as a 
ban on gold coins. 

Sir Geoffrey is expected to 
argue that; although he felled 
to persuade President Botha 
to make “any significant shift” 
over apartheid, diplomatic 
contacts with Pretoria have 
not been exhausted 
He wifi also join the Dutch 
in urging the EEC to take 
positive as well as negative 
measures by increasing aid to 
critics of apartheid in South 
Africa, including black trade 
unionists. The 1987 EEC bud- 
get. presented to the European 
Parliament last week, sets 
aside £10 million for positive 

According to British sour- 
ces. complications arise over 
co-ordination with Wash- 
ington because of differences 
between Congress and the 

Pretoria accused 
in lesbian spy case 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

A woman claims a South 
African security agent who 
approached her to spy at the 
Australian Embassy in Pre- 
toria threatened to expose her 
as a lesbian if she did not ajpee 
to pass on information, it'was 
reported here yesterday. 

Miss Vanessa Twine, aged 
23. a South African citizen 
who worked as a receptionist 
in the visa section, instead 
informed officials. 

She was reported in the 
Johannesburg Sunday Tima 
yesterday as saying: “I offered 
to resign bat they would not 
accept iL 

- “I was told that what I did 
with my private life was my 
own affair and that they were 
very satisfied with my work. 

M I did not mention I was a 
lesbian when I joined the 
embassy in July because I did 
not think there was any need 
for them to know.” 

Diplomatic sources ex- 
pressed surprise yesterday 
that more extensive inquiries 
had not been made into her 
background before she was 
employed in a relatively sen- 
sitive post. 

Apart from working as a 
receptionist, she also handled 
all Pretoria applications for 
visas to emigrate to or visit 

An embassy spokesman 
confirmed she had reported 
the approaches and that the 
Ambassador, Mr Bob Birch, 
had lodged an official protest 
with the Sooth African 
Department of Foreign Affaire 
on Thursday. 

The police have confirmed 

that the CTD is investigating. 
On Saturday Miss Twine was 
questioned for 90 minutes at 
Pretoria police headquarters. 

She says she was not shown 
photographs to help her 
identify the man who ap- 
proached her, who gave his 
name as Nick Pieterseo- 

“I am prepared to 
through all the security offices 
to identify Nick Pietersen,” 
she said. 

She said the police asked 
why she did not ask Pietersen 
for identification and why she 
was certain he was connected 
to a security or intelligence 

“I had no reason to doubt he 
was from security. He knew so 
much about me, about the 
lesbianism, about my gut- 
friend, Erika. 

“How many people even 
knew I had started work at the 
Australian Embassy?” 

Miss Twine added: “I am 
Still scared ... Not of him as a 
man, but of the power behind 

South Africa's relations 
with Australia, which is 
attracting many emigrants 
including highly qualified pro- 
fessionals, are strained over 
the Hawke Government's sup- 
port for sanctions. 

Pretoria sees this as a 
flagrant example of doable 
standards, believing Aus- 
tralia's real interest is to 
capture Far Eastern coal and 
mineral export markets, 
particularly in Japan where 
Mr RF “Pik” Botha, the 
Foreign Minister, had talks 
last week. 

Schools in 
are closed 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 

Die South African Govern- 
ment said yesterday it had 
:losed 13 more black schools. 
10 of them in Soweto, because 
af student boycotts and class- 
room disruption, after 20 were 
shut last week. 

A statement from _Mr 
Braam JFourie. Direcior-Gen- 
:ral of the Department of 
Education and Training, said 
:ffective education had be- 
come impossible and put the 
jlame on pupils and local 
rommunities. charging that 
hey had squandered and ne- 
glected the opportunity to 
cceive an education. 

The black National Educa- 
ion Crisis Centre has ap- 
jealed to Pretoria to stop 
losures. It said attendance 
vill rise when troops are 
mhdrawn from schools and 
lupils detained under the 
mergency released. 

» Mine defused: A Soviet 
impel mine was found and 
lefused on Saturday at a 
hopping complex in an af- 
lueni white suburb near Pre- 
oria (AFP repons). 

The device was discovered 
n a men's lavatory at the 
ferwoerdburg Mall shopping 
entre and rendered harmless 
iv police explosives experts, 
lundreds of people were 
vacuatcd front the complex. 

Doubt cast 
on Ershad 
poll date 

From Ahmed FazI 
D haka 

The prospect of a presiden- 
tial poll in Bangladesh on 
October 15 has been thrown 
into doubt by a senior min- 
ister. who said at the weekend 
that the poll could be delayed, 
and major opposition parties 
who declared a countrywide 
general strike for voting day. 

President Ershad’s civilian 
Prime Minister. Mr Mizanur 
Rahman Chowdhury, said the 
poll could be postponed to 
encourage two opposition alli- 
ances to end their boycott. 

“I can tell you the polk will 
not be held on October 15 be- 
cause the day marks the first 
anniversary of a national trag- 
edy.” Mr Chowdhury said. 
Thirty-nine students were kill- 
ed when the roof of a Dhaka 
University dormitory caved 
in on October 15 last year. 

• Top adviser named: Presi- 
dent Ershad yesterday named 
a former Air Force chief. Air 
Vice-Marshal Abdul Karim 
Khandker, once High 
Commissioner to Australia 
gncNndia. as his top adviser in 
a move seen as an attempt to 
develop a liaison between 
politicians and the military 
now that President Ershad is 
preparing for a civilian role 
after the election. 


Reagan Administration which 
mean that the US is “operat- 
ing in a different time frame 
from us”. 

; Even if the EEC goes it 
alone over sanctions, diffi- 
culties could still arise over 
whether a trade embargo is the 
prerogative of national gov- 
ernments, which would need 
time to elaborate thorn, or 
whether embargoes fell within 
the orbit of the Commission 
m Brussels. Last week the 
Commission said it was draw- 
ing up detailed plans for the 
implementation of sanctions 
on behalf of the Twelve. 

Apart from South Africa, 
the ministers face a full agenda 
as EEC business resumes after 
the summer, including inter- 
national terrorism and future 
EEC relations with Turkey. 

Despite vociferous objec- 
tions from Greece, the min- 
isters will tomorrow form 
themselves into the EEC- 
Turkey Association Council 
to consider reviving the EECs 
Association agreement with 
Ankara, which dales, from 
1964 but which was broken off 
six years ago when martial law 
came into force in Turkey. 
When the ANC rules, page 12 

Mr Czeslaw Biekcki, a Polish opposition activist, greeting lus sons in Warsaw after his release from prison on Saturday. 

Bujak hopes he need never hide again 

From Roger Boyes 

Mr Zbigniew Bujak disap- 
peared. The underground Sol- 
idarity leader, driven in a sec- 
ret police car through the steel 
gates of Rakowiecka prison, 
was taken home to a Warsaw 
suburb, the most prominent 
beneficiary of the Polish 
Government's amnesty. He 
evaporated for six hours. Per- 
haps to see friends still in 
hiding, perhaps not. 

When we tracked him down 
at the weekend he looked fit. 
His speech was more disci- 
plined than before the military 
crackdown in the winter of 

1981. After martial law be was 
in hiding for four and a half 
years and was regarded as 
Poland's most wanted man 
until he was trapped on May 
31 (his year. This was his first 
real talk in freedom. 

His priorities now. “We 
should build a leadership that 
would be able to function in 
the open, without hiding and 
to end the underground stage. 
Hiding, going underground, is 
a very heavy burden for those 
who have to take such a deri- 
sion. So first of all I would like 
to do something fin* my 
friends who still have to hide. 

“Second, 1 would like to do 

something for the union and. 
third. I have very complicated 
family problems. To solve all 
of my family problems wiU re- 
quire a lot of time and work.” 

General Czeslaw Kiszczak, 
the Interior Minister, said on 
Polish television that the se- 
cret police had exposed 281 
different underground cells of 

Mr Bujak offered only ten- 
tative advice to those still 
working in the clandestine 
opposition. “If it turns out 
that there is a possibility of the 
opposition working in the 
open, then they will be able to 
leave the underground. If it 

emerges that there is no possi- 
bility for the opposition and 
Solidarity to work in the open 
— if. say. someone goes to jail 
for such activities — then 
others will go underground, 
will start hiding.” 

Mr Bujak said be would 
have io meet as soon as 
possible his colleagues in 

• WARSAW: Mr Lech Wale- 
sa, leader of the banned Solid- 
arity trade union, and 48 for- 
mer political prisoners yester- 
day attended a Mass to cele- 
brate the release of the prison- 
ers under a government am- 

shots ied 
to hijack 

From Hasan Akhtar 

Shots fired by a government 
sniper at the hijacked Pan Am 
aircraft in Karachi may have 
led to the massacre in which 
22 people died, it was claimed 

The lhree shots, fired from 
the control tower at the 
hijackers' commander. Exiled 
to penetrate the flight deck's 
1 */»-in thick windscreen. 

The rescue plan was drawn 
up by Brigadier Tariq 
Mahmood of the Pakistan 
Army's Special Services 
Group, it was reported in The 
Sunday Times yesterday. One 
of the three bullets was recov- 
ered from under the nose of 
the aircraft. 

The official account has 
been that, after lights inside 
the aircraft went out when an 
outside generator failed, the 
hijackers herded the pas- 
sengers into the middle of the 
aircraft and opened fire. 

As well as the four Arabic- 
speaking hijackers in custody. 
Islamabad police later ar- 
rested a Mr Salman Taraiki. 
claimed to be a Libyan official 
born in Tripoli in 1955, on his 
arrival from Karachi 
About 200 Indians were 
among the 400 passengers and 
the Indian Prime Minister. Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi has accused 
Pakistan of a clumsy anti- 
hijack operation. 

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I - I 




let ttsAute ywt urier our <o*y 


And call for temporary assignments and full time career openings - in the WEST END 01-629 0777 CITY 01-621 9363 H0LB0RN 01-430 2531 VICTORIA 01 6. ;: 0344 S 8 iijLL. 



It is essential that the job holder 
should have at least 2 Yeats’ experi- 
ence working as a secretary in the 
advertismg/co mfntmirah'fY ng industry. 

As well as needing impeccable 
shorthand and typing (100/60) the 
applicant must be well organised and 
work efficiently under pressure. 

Salary will be in the region of 
£10,200 plus other fringe benefits 
associated with working for a bank. 

Please send your CM marked 
private and confidential to: 

The Advertising Manager 
Advertising: Department, 
Barclays Bazik Pic 
Juxon House, 

94 St Pauls Church Yard 
London EC4M8EH 



As one of the country's leading Word Picoc m ing spe- 
cialists, we have urgent and immediate demand- for 
high calibre people to undertake aariagnmenta 
throughout the London Region. Oar contract team 
enjoy guaranteed long term work with Blue (Slip cli- 
ents who are household names. Highest rates of pay, 
indnd i ng extremely a ttr a c tiv e benefits and continu- 
ous free aoee training on all tha latest syste m s and 
software and tha opport un ity to undertake training, 
support applications programming and in-company 
consultancy work «Aich also often high earning 

Members of the O&JR-S. team are recognised by com- 
■ as being tin leaders in Word P rocea ri n g and 




Please call 

439 4001 



PERSONNEL SEC to £12,000 

(>k of Mayfair's most prestigious investment banks is look- 
ing tor a personnel secretary. Previous experience is 
preferable as you will be helping with first interviews aid 
personnel records. Excellent grooming and an outooino 
personality and 90/50 speeds 


If you have a PR/ media background and a strong personality 
Then the dynamic press officer of Ms top International prop- 
erty company would km to meet you. She needs a secretary 
Ural tha personality to cope with the madia as wefl as the 
abrtty to draft press releases and keep an ear to the ground! 
SkSs 80/60. 

ptaHc M a p l u Mc: 01-499 8070 
46 Old Bora) Street London W.l. 




Excellent WP shorthand secretary 
required for partner in small busy 
firm of solicitors. Legal experience 
useful but not essential. Good salary 
for applicant with first rate 
secretarial skills. 

Telephone 01-405 2511 
Mrs Cooper. 

Strictly No Ageocies. 


required for a rapidly expanding medical 
clinic based in Harley Street. Must be ex- 
perienced in word processing and telex and 
be able to lake charge of a small adminis- 
trative staff. Salary negiotable upto £11.000 

pa depending on ability and previous ex- 


perience. Written applications only with 
telephone contact to: The Managing Direc- 
tor, Harley Medical Group, 6 Harley Street, 
London iVlN 1AA. 




Front line |ob for bnghf versaUe 
Sec. Extensne tason and 
atom taste mefufle press 
releases, conferences and 
campagns. Knowledge of WP 
nttame. ability to rommunote 
wen art get nwiwd rntbe pb 
is more impafBntEany salary 


Call Belinda 


Sec/PA to MD with i 

stalls (Sh/Typmg) for interior 
ligrwrsin Wi. 

Designers in Wl. Las of 
adnnn/personnel and dient 
contact Someone wttft 
previous experience 

Age 28 - 35. Salary £11,000. 

CRB Mrs. Bttantine 
01 222 SMI. 

(opp Sl James's Park 

PAGE 26 



GERMAN 8PEAKM6 OFFICE MANAGER required to rui fwftft 2 
staff? the Central London office for a Sriss mafcai equipment co 
eperang a base for ma r teft i u htheUXandtteUS.nsuita 
business-tte Jady or genttaman aged 30+ with good experience of 
an menalttnal Daring smironment ExaSent salary negotiable. 
far new venture - import Marietta subsidiary lor German compoter 
grew opening m l^pttiHHV-lfiatnes. Sol peson with sound 
environment. Satey to £15.000 nog. v - 
MARSBUTS. SEC/PA with fluent French required by dm Director 
of a major stepping Bns mth brandies at bwfeii Pim too Kong 
and New York Age 28-40. salary nag hum £12,000. 
NQHTHBffl SPAM, triMfingusri secretary wflh French, German and 
Spanish (m that descamSng enter) mito by the German MJQ. trt 
an irekotrte company near fterqiloni WN nvoto addtnnal travel 
in France. Work permit pravMod plus assisted accommodation and 
eusilera salary. 

FRENCH SPEAKING PA A very autonomous post assisting On UK 
Managing Director of a constancy n SWT employing sewed 
thousand persons around the world, wfl ghre the opportunity to see 
a great rarefy of projects through on pur mm tasaivt. Mrimai 
typmg. French to ufather-tonme standard pratorred. age 2S+, 
salary £10,«»+- 

by ntemadond City compaw. EC2. You wB need good snJcan 
Japanese, good widen EngGsh and common sense. £10000 AAB 
GERMAN SPEAKING SECRETARY with German S/haod required for 
new put in Central London, excellent salary negotiable. 

For tenter Mafia plena (teg 

01-639 3365 


6 Buckingham Street 
don W< 

London WC2N 6BU 

Rec Cons 


Requires a Secretary 

for the Network Development 
department of a new Satellite Television 
channeL The successful candidate will be 
in their mid-twenties, fluent in at least 
one major European language, and have 
speeds of 100/60. Word- 
process ing/a udio- typing experience 
would be an advantage. This is a job for 
an efficient organiser with initiative and a 
strong sense of humour. 

Salary £9,000 AAE 

Applications in writing to 
Tessa Maude, Super Channel, 
19/21 Rath bone Place Wl? IDF 


£8,000 + PERKS 

Leading French Cosmetics house in West 
id. Yoi 

End. Young Sec for Director, rusty s/h. 

Top Fashion house in West End. Sec/PA, 
good organiser, no s/h. 


Popular weekly magazine In West Bid- Ma- 
ture Sec with good skills for group MD. 


Dynamic young entrepreneur fai lux Park 
Lane offices. Good P A/Sec age 20-40. 

BI-UNGUAL SEC £11,000 

TbjyoMor CHy Bank, good German age 

fantastic mortgage perks. 

College leavers and second Jobbers needed 
now. Late appointments welcome. 

01-938 2222 

Upmarket Temping 

to £ 11,000 

This summer, join an exclusive and 
upwardly-mobile elite. The pick of 
London's prestige jobs. Rewards that pay 
full recognition to excellence. And some- 
thing more. Longer-term career growth. 
Financially our pay structure reflects your 
development So too our training unit 
where without charge or obligation you 
can bring your setf up to dale on the latest 
in WP. Find out more about upmarket 
temping. Call today: 01-493 5787. 


Recruomo* Coradtnra 

Interior Design 

Top mdi PA to oraamse hUMy 
sucrassM Intenor Design's d» 
ton* M insness Me. 


Record Label President 

B you re a super ! 
your criarics w jtwe > 
nerarttiy oi trie nuac bo. 

cX1 3JI00 

FRro/TV Coordinator 
n yen too* wftas nta and wtoi'c 
■tat mum Bw Mm and TV ndus- 
try ttas could be just la you. 

could be just It 





Good shorthand 
typing and 
ability essential. 
West End art 
gallery. Salary 
£8,000, must be 
experienced; 23+ . 

Please call 

In’ appointment 

01-637 5517 



ATB you looking tor vanuty on 
web as a ctBwhgs? a taraas- 
oe opportunity exists within 
(nig tog entertainments 
organisation for a mature, 
confident PA to work whh the 
MO You must have good 
0i/typmg skats together with 
an owg&ng personalty. 


01-491 0093 


PA OmAMUnle 3S45 

swat agperanty to Cfta 

mp o wfa to (w top PA with 
last secraanri state aod «nj»- 
catfe nek record, educated to 
A' level standard to iwn Bgh 
voae company. Vita are took»B 
la a ml presamed. 

etboont person who s quck 
voted and amutnis. 



cs bt »r«ejna. juiuj nr uo of s«d 
wur- aionw finoaiasn 

tn mw n non muring 
opr.—. :o y»j« no wme meoi 


Grays k 
Lofidra. WC1X ffp 



iflmiad nm«ijaWy ta 7 months. 1 
f»«60esenwL Legal and WP 
ooenenx desntate. 
nase sand cv io Pareovci tkpL | 
Brush OkvKn LUL 
8848 tfaw neftmond Road. 
PuDW SW13 2UR a phone 
01 785 6666. 

01-493 300? 



WE are successful, personal, 
ainaf! and somewhat eccentric. 
We combine a high degree of 

tglfTit & professionalism with 

a neat regard for each others 
individuality and sense of hu- 
mour. Our top calibre clients 
& candidates reflect our busi- 
ness reputation. * 

YOU should be up with the 
top achievers in recruitment 
and wanting to fly higher than 
your present excellent perfor- 
mance. Style, intelligence, 
qynM of fun St unlimited am- 
bition all essential 

Starting salary very negotiable and future 
salary will reward achievement 

Susan Beck RE oi R 58™ E 242 

Temporary Aristocrats? 

Not part-time temporary" 

S£S^r^S^ ; -lft‘>M.w^vwrthha v In a . 

. • Cafl , " "" 

a MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Elizabeth Hun^ 

£ 10,500 

A leading international clothing company 
seeks an experienced director level sec- 
retary to their vary famous managing 
director. Your duties will be very wide 
and varied from planning and co-ordinat- 
ing itineraries lor frequent overseas 
visitors to ensuring all administrative 
procedures in the London office run 
smoothly. Your 'A' level standard French 
would be used to translate correspon- 
dence. 100/50 skills needed. Salary 
review after 3 months. 

» Elizabeth Hunt Reauibnent Consultants/ 

^^BGosvenof Steel London Wl 0H2fl0353l^^ 

CIRCA £14,000 

Looking for • fresh chaflengo? 

Wb are ora of Hie Country's leading Office Systems 
Reouftrnent or ga ni sat ions and due to our rapid expan- 
sfcm we are seeking an addWon a l consultant It s a 
merveflous opportunity tor a parson with Rauultment 
experience, however a poeWve attitude and w M ngneea 
to town is Important son you have a proven successful 
c o mmerc ia l background preferably gained in a 
nt l wifi be keen to hear tram you. 

enwronmer a imn men to near from you. 
Please aend your CurrfcutiBn Vitae kx 






re SMeteM into won wo 



To assist with Print and PR 

A job with wide-ranging interests including 
the supervision of print and PR. 

An artistic eye, ability to write copy and 
good typing essential. Total involvement in 
a fascinating antiques and objets cPart 
business and readiness to support busy 
Managing Director. Stimulating, very 
happy atmosphere; excellent salary. 
Please write with full CV to: 

Managing Director, Halcyon Days, 
14 Brook Street, London W1Y 1AA. 

CHAIRMAN’S PA <£12,500 

The Chairman of this insurance and 
financial group in the City needs a 
well-spoken secretaiy/PA. In addition 
to normal secretarial duties, you will be 
responsible for organising lunches, 
liaising with clients and coping with a 
hectic diary. A knowledge of French 
would be an advantage, and a 
non-smoker is a must. Aged 25 -40. 
Speeds 100/60 + WP. 



35 Breton Place Ml. 01-433 7789 





8,800 - 9,100 par annum 

Our new Mvtnbng Dnctor mods i 
writ-motivated socrotsiy to join fas w*fi “ 
young pr of es si ona ls . 

Thera wffl bo con sfr tenbto Bwofaemont ta non- 

routine rank as wefl “ J2"***®. 

•nouries, unsparing papers and general secratana 

duties. The range of vriB grow at the 

team becomes more estabtaMd. 

You must b« ftadbie, aNe to deal with a rano* of 
peoplo and sduations and wo rt effiderfl ty under 
nressura. Tha ts a v«y Cwsy erartronment and you 
must have good, accurate shorthand and typnfl 

We ofler an attractive benefits package. mchiiSng 
free travel oo LTR Bus and Underground sarwes. 
generous concessions on Brittsh Raft art umBtov 
tory pension scheme. 

please telephone us on 01-227 3581 for en jppfica- 
tton form, or write to: Bus AppoWmerfls Office. 
Room A1014. 55 Bnadiwty, London SWIM 080 
quoting reference B 18 / 86 . 





Age 25+ 

Cira £9,000 

The Tea Council oodenakes afl aspects of ibe generic 
promotion of tea throughout the UK. 

The PA/Secretary will be required to ensure a 
smooth running office, have exceOem secretarial 
skills, a flexible approach and initiative. 

Wortongas part of a small professional team you wfll J 
be encouraged to use and promote your own specific 2 
ulenis within all aspects of the Tea CoanoTs activi- J 
Iks. which indude public relations, pronioiions and W 
advenisns. • 

The office it near Cannon Street and Btackfriara • 
Stations. Hours ore 9 JO to 5.0 0 with 4 weeks 9 
holiday. • 

Interested? Please ring 01-248 1024 for feOcrdeteBa. • 

leoottoee eef e eeMeeMMeiie eooo 



-M 1 T K 1) 

£10,500 CITY PA 

A busy and demanding position awaits a 
bright PA. Secretary who can assist a young 
Director involved in the development of 
small business. In return for your initiative 
and good skills, he offers responsibility and 
involvement within this Interesting and 

expanding area. 

Contact Diane Hilton on 01 489 0889 

TELEPHONE: Ot-4» 0889 

Why settle for less 

than the best agency ? 

At MaSlan Nash Temporary SeOEtcBirs we offer-. 


mcompetitMmtesaMi a holiday pay scheme 
thiiugtoiA the winter 


/^(dLwcaxddnts^ef^ksstfm the best, 

soi " “ 

assignments on Ql-4 

3rd Flooc Contagion Hmk. 

fl StmL London WiRsFK. 


{Eramn in Rajenl rt.obove Iberia Ainnys.] 


* Ws ftm and exrittag vMm production compauy k toofanofor 
snwm-wMt fnzzK is be bssed in- their 

reception. You.wtt Med tnbe wefl groomed and spoken witft 
the Daxibllity to hety out lha office manger wbw necessay. 
Typmg accurate 35 wpm. Age 22+. £8,000. 


Ties tog company (> tyxnehold name} is looking for a well 
educated secratary/admto&rator to wort for two directors 
Lots of taterestmg functions to organise, so it is essential 
you have good social sMRs and some io&ative. Excetott 
state 100/80. audio and WP neoded. £8.750. 

pteastMeplMM: 01-499 8070 
48 Old Bond Street London W.1. 



£12,800 + MTG 

A major Brrttsri Merchant 
Bank is poised to integrate 
it's broking and jobbing 
orris in time to tn a leading 

player ta the City 
Revolution. They still 
require two outsantog 
senior PA's to act as lynch 
puts for the* new 

presbtfous Corporate 
Services Division. 

You will need ta be at the 
peak of your secretarial and 
organisational stats, and 
haw the ability to 

wda range of people 
InwtvBd In tNs pioneering 

Age; 25-35 SWBs; 100/SO 



£1 1,000 + M0NTGSN85 

RapkJty expaixfing 
Compnay needs 
enterprising secretary to 
an Important rote in 
' igand interviewing 
f. WP experience 

Please pbom Racbd 
01 602 3012 

International law firm requires 
competent secretary to assist in small 
but extremely busy office (no 
previous legal experience necessary). 

‘Wordstar’ experience essential, 
preferably on a Sirius, with good, 
accurate shorthand, high school level 
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/i is 

Mrs Aquino to 
seek US aid 
in debt crisis 


to capitalize on peace talks with rebels 

From Keith Dalton, Mmfla 

toe^jSt5q.^S?!? 1 ?i t0 revolt almost seven months 
5 ,te ® Stales today for an ago which catapulted her to 
eight-day visit to shore up US power and sent Mr Marcos' 
pouucai and financial support into exile in Hawaii, 
tor her efforts to revive the “We want to tap this rcs- 
economy and settle a com- -ervoir of good will in the 
rnumsr insurgency that has Reagan Administration to- 

Waynnolnn U1AM.J —M *■» - : . « !J 

... . . — 

Washington worried. 

^With fresh pledges ofloyalty 
from the military High Com- 
mand and from Mr Juan 
Ponce Enrile, her outspoken 
Minister of De fence, Mrs 

President Aquino and her II- 
member party will travel on a 
regular ■ Philippine Airffnes 
flight to the US (Keith Dalton 
writes). The deposed Ferdi- 
nand Marcos chartered two 

wards our Government." said 
the presidential spokesman, 
Mr Rene Sagnisag. “We want 
to see (Mr Reagan) put money 
where his month is." 

Mrs Aquino’s four-city trip 
is expected . to speed up' 
congressional approval of an 
expanded aid package to the 
Philippines, fighting its worst 
economic crisis since winning 
independence front the 
United Stales in 1546. 

Her most crucial talks could 


Aid for Sandinistas 

China offers $20m 
loan to Nicaragua 

Peking (Renter) - President 

Ortega of Nicaragua said yes- 
terday China had offered 
his country $20 million (£133 
BBflfion) in soft loans for 
foodstuffs and other items. 

He declined to say if mili- 
tary equipment was included 
in the dead. 

East European sources said 
later that they thought it 
mlibdy that Peking would 
have offered any military aid 
£ndiy to the Sandinista 

President Ortega said after 
a meeting with Mr Deng 
Xiaoping, die Chinese leader, 
that he was delighted with 
China’s expression of sapport 
for Nicaragua in its confronta- 
tion with the United States. 

was in the form of a loan with 
very preferential terms for the 
purchase of items indoding 
foodstuffs and took. He de- 
clined to elaborate farther. 

President Ortega arrived 
last Thursday for his first visit 
to China since Nicaragua 
switched diplomatic recog- 
nition from Taipei to Peking 
last year. 

Earlier this year, Peking 
gave the left-wing Nicaraguan 
Government $1 million in rood 
and clothing aid. 

President Ortega said: “The 
position of the Chinese leaders 
has been made very dear, that 
they reject completely the 
armed American aggression 
against Nicaragua.” 

The United Sates Is 

“We have signed an eco- supporting Contra rebels in 

- " . a. - At _ rr — - ■■ tL. 

nomk agreement that is their efforts to overthrow the 
broad-based and provides for Sandinista Government in 
more than $20 million in Manag ua. 

»<pris «»«ir» so that Nicaragua Pr esiden t Orte 
will have more resources to were some forefg 
alleviate the situation made ferences between 

Inmhn «*« in* ’iKnZ-L- ■, no-. Her most crucial talks coukl 
US trinMr* 212 he with the country’s creditor 

tanks and aid ^atstt she 
seeks easier repayment terms 

Maras took wSl p ^ Mee ' Mrs for the Philippines’ crippling 
Marcos took 300. $26 bil|ion y (£l 7 6 

President Aquino handing a Bible and rosary to a tribal leader and receiving a spear and shield In return at the signing of a 
ceasefire agreement with northern Philippine rebels led by a former priest. Father Coorado Bafrreg, right, 
tion that she was too soft on Mrs Aouino also succeeded. Council which, if necessarv- to have been killed hv com- 

Aquino has scoffed at ru- 
mours of a coup in her 

. Her visit, almost four years 
to the day when the ousted 
ruler Ferdinand Marcos began 

foreign debt 

Mrs Aquino' said she hoped 
to establish a “beautiful 
friendship” with Mr Reagan 
during their meeting on 

But she would not allow 

his second and last US trip, him to dictate how she should 
will capitalize unashamedly tackle the 17-year communist 
oh her popularity in the West ras urgency, after criticism 
after the “people’s power” from the Reagan . Adrainistra- 

' V •• W w- , , V 

..212 RECEDSE 

t;*!» FOR OREtUi 

for Vienna 

From Richard Bassett 

Austria’s Socialist— Free- 
dom Party coatttion Govern- 
ment was thrown into con- 
fusion yesterday by the sudden 
election of Herr J6ra Haider, 
an extreme -right-wing poli- 
tician, as leader of the Free- 
dom Party. 

Herr Haider, who has been 
bailed in some quarters in 
Austria as “Hitler’s adopted 
son” because of his German 
nationalist views, caused a 
furore two years ago by 
defending the Austrian De- 
fence Minister’s decision to 
greet a convicted Nazi war 
criminal on his repatriation to 

- A gifted orator, based until 
now in his party's stronghold 
of Carinthia, a not pq oosly 
pan-German part of thereto*- - 
try. Herr Aider has pre- 
sented an image of energy and 
decisiveness unusual In con- 
temporary Austrian politics. 

One of the wealthiest men hi 
Austria, Herr Haider's for- 
midable oratory and charisma 
are believed by the Freedom 
Party to be its only chance of 
holding on to power at next 
springs general election. 

His emergence as the party 
leader over the weekend pro- 
voked emotional scenes at the 
party congress in Innsbruck. 
One elder of the party even 
suffered a heart attack asHerr 
Norbert Steger, the oatgoing 
leader, was booed and hissed 
by Haider supporters, who 
have always portrayed Herr 
Steger as a buffoon. 

However, several moderate 
members of the Freedom 
Part)- voiced their fears that 
Herr Haider's ejection will 
provoke the Socialist s into * 
general election this autumn in 
an attempt to capitalize on the 
Freedom Party’s confusion. 

Family planning 

Scientist claims 100% 
reliable method 

From A Correspondent, Phris 

An Australian medical sri- f< ? ro E$' 

entist claims to have devised a with the bWC Endocrinology 
100 per cent certain method of Unit, Edinburgh. nowtheRe- 
fomily planning which uses no producUYC Biology Unit a 
drugs or appliances. world leader in contraception 

Professor fames Browne of research, said his was not a 
Melbourne, who has won in- contraceptive A couple^not 
lemational prizes for his work warning a child would abstain 

on hormones and cancer, mid n«> 

yestetday he had devised a essanly for toe whede seven 
simple hormone test which days needed for absolute con- 
would pinpoint exactly toe fidence. For many couples 
Tew ferule days in a woman’s four to five days would header 

monto™ cyde* to be avoided qua*. For otatMK 

by a couple not wanting a T 0U ilS?i/tSt^raS^tomi f 
child and, for those wanting toe rather ““ 

one, the single day when the toe safe penocT. 
chance of a woman conceiving ^ Protestant. Professor 

rose to a peak of 75 percent grown announced his 
Carrying out toe test was as achievement hi J the predomi- 
easy and cheap as making a. nantly Roman Catholic inier- 
cup of tea, he said. The test on national Congress of toe 
a woman's urine, which could family in Pans, arid under 
be done in Third World f b e slogan “Life Promotes 
villages, was done automati- jjfe”. ■ ■ ■ i 

cally by a metff which now professor Brown said he 
costs $Ausl50 (£60) each, bin . already been approached 
the price would drop dramat*- by pharmaceutical companies 
ally with mass productioit his work. “No 

The reagents neetfed cost 4p a ‘ ^ liability insurance is 

tube, mainly for toe glass, but SSS.- he saB. 
this would fell to less than ftp. needC TI nesa,u - 

Uganda rebels cut road 

- main town in nonhen 

Nairobi - Rebels have cut 
the main road north from 
Kampala and attacked gov- 
ernment troops in several 
parts of northern Uganda 
(Charles Harrison writes). 

Fighting continues in sev- 
eral areas, but there have been 
no more large-scale clashes 
such as the attack on Gulu. the 

main town in northern 
Uganda. last month- 
President Yoweri Mus- 
eveni's National Resistance 
Armv says it is in control and' 
describes the attacks as 
skirmishes, but other reports 
sav the rebels, members of the 
Army ousted in January: hold 
areas near toe Sudan border. • 


While peace talks with the 
communists have stalled after 
two formal meetings in the 
past five weeks, Mrs Aquino 
will be able to .make political 
capital out of a ceasefire 
agreement signed at the week- 
end with the renegade Roman 
Catholic priest. Father 
Coorado Balweg, whose 300- 
member guerrilla army is 
fighting for greater autonomy 
for tribal groups m the north- 
ern Philippines. 

Mrs Aquino also succeeded, 
one week earlier, in convinc- 
ing the Muslim rebel leader, 
Mr Nut Misuari, to begin 
peace talks towards ending toe 
14-year Muslim rebellion in 
the southern Philippines. 

Both peace initiatives have 
boosted her support within the 
armed forces' High Command 
and won an important pledge 
of loyalty last Tuesday from 
the country's 69 generals. 

The next day Mrs Aquino 
doubled to 1 2 toe membership 
of the National Security 

Council which, if necessary, 
can be convened in her ab- 
sence to oversee security 

But Mr Enrile, himself a 
presidential aspirant, sees no 
immediate threat to the seven- 
month Government. 

“As far as T know, there is 
no danger in toe country 
during President Aquino’s ab- 
sence, especially to her 
presidency,” he told a civic 
meeting on Saturday. 

remains of 63 people believed 

to have been killed by com- : 
munist insurgents have been 
exhumed from 34 graves in 

the southern Philippines in 
rebel-controlled areas, accord- 
ing to mihtajy reports (AFP 

Sworn statements by former 
members of toe communist- 
led New People’s Army who 
had escaped said they had 
participated in toe torture and 
execution of comrades sus- 
pected of being government 
agents, an army spokesman 

President Ortega said there 
» some foreign policy dif- 
rences between himself and 

[ nited States, he said. 
Asked for details of China’s 

of the China’s leaders, and indicated 

that the Cambodian conflict 
was one iff these. China 

$20 "*niUn assistance pack- strongly opposes Vietnam’s 
age. President Ortega said ft military role in Cambodia- 

Private trade declines 

Peking (Reuter) — The 
number of privately run shops 
in China has dropped for the 
first time since they were 
allowed to resume business in 
1979. in what diplomats see as 
a surprising reversal with seri- 
ous political implications. 

The latest edition of toe 
official Chinese Commerce 
newspaper said toe number of 
private shops throughout toe 
country fell to about 8.7 
million at the end of June, 
190,000 less than toe year 

into NSW 

fawn Stephen Taylor 

A commission of inquiry is 
to investigate the administra- 
tion of justice in New South 
Wales and will initially exam- 
ine allegations that a district 
court judge exercised selective 
leniency m dealing with defen- 
dants represented . tv . one 

Judge John Foord said be 
would stand down from the- 
bench while the investigation . 
was carried out — toe third 
time in two years that he has 
done so for inquiries to be 
carried out, toe last when he 
was charged and acquitted last 
year of attempting to pervert 
toe course of justice. ’ 

The commission, to be 
chaired by Sir Laurence Street, 
the. Chief. Justice of the Su- 

S e .Court, . wfll , also, -by- 
i. sentencing guidelines 
and how magistrates -and 
judges could be removed. . 

A report by a group of 
academics, who had examined 
cases over two years involving 
serious drug -offenders, con- 
cluded New South Wales jus- 
tice. was “neither systematic 
nor just". 

In -one instance, they cited 
“statistical anomalies- asso- 
ciated with a combination of 
one particular judge, code- 
named J, and a solicitor 
named S, which could not be 
attributed to a general le- 
niency by toe judge or special 
skills of the solicitor. 

Judge Foord identified him 1 ' 
self as Judge J, but before 
standing down denied any 
wrong-doing on his part. 

The inquire process will test 
the ability of toe sale admin- 
istration under Mr Bame 
Unsworto, the new Premier, 
to lay the bogey of corruption 
which plagued toe govern- 
ment of his predecessor. Mr 
Neville Wran. * 


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Roots on the street, 
branches everywhere 


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Determined smiles, committed people: the Reverend Fan] Booth, a firm supporter of the pampaigTi with the ladles' blockade at Brad well- on-Sea 

Not in our back yard 

The epistle was I Timothy 2, 1-7 on 
the Sunday before a protest blocked 
access lo the proposed site for a 
nuclear waste dump just outside 
Brad well -on -Sea in Essex. For the 
village rector, the -lesson couldn't have 
been more apposite. It was about 
praying for people in authority. 

There were only about 20 in the 
congregation of the 7th century St 
Peter’s church, but the Rev Paul 
Booth's message was for the whole 
parish (800. if you included 
neighbouring St Lawrence). 

He announced that he was totally in 
support of the protest. He feared that 
the community was being tom apart, 
and announced that he would be at the 
road block to keep out the Nuclear 
Industry' Radioactive Waste Executive 
{Nirex) men testing the site, one of 
four which it is considering 

The staunchly Conservative, mildly 
escapist backwater of Bradwell may 
not be a strong church-going commu- 
nity but Mr Booth has become a' 
figure-head in its fight against Nirex. 
He puts it down to a subsconscious 
feeling that the church should have 
some say. “There is talk about life, 
death and creation, and the instinct 
when under threat js to turn to religion 
on such fundamental matters.*' 

Mr Booth was coopted on .to the 
committee because the village wanted 
him there. To some he is the voice of 
respectability. With the church behind 
the protesters, they feel that they 
cannot be accused of anarchism. 

“I’m not a Luddite” he says. “I 
accept nuclear power as a feet of life. 
It’s the Genesis myth come true and 
there's no way back into the Garden of 
Eden. But 1 don’t believe anyone has 
the right to threaten a community with 
a quantity as unknown as nuclear 

“What is very sad is that the people 
here no longer trust authority. The 
credibility gap is as wide as the gap 
between the sun and the moon. We’ve 
got housewives who once thought all 
protesters were cranks carrying ban- 
ners. wearing badges, sitting in the 
road and going to conferences to learn 
about protesting.” 

The once-peaceful village of Bradwell in Essex 
is now buzzing with the fever of protest 
against nuclear dumping. Barbara Toner reports 

Bradwell first heard on February 25 
the news that it had been singled out 
by Nirex without consultation, with- 
out warning and even though it met 
none of the criteria which make sites 
suitable for the burial -of low-level 
waste in shallow trenches. 

"All I can imagine is that they didn't 
know whom they thought they were 
dealing with.” Mandy Pipe, who is 
leading the campaign with her hus- 
band Les. says. “On paper it must 
have looked like we were just a lot of 
ill-educated dopes in an outpost They 
made a misjudgement” 

The misjudgement was to assume 
that mild-mannered, country-living 
Conservative voters wouldn't battle 
against the establishment But fight 
they have. There has been a power 
station at Bra dwell for 25 years which 
they have all been prepared to live 
with. But the village is now a highly 
politicized campaign centre. 

Les Pipe is chairman of the Bradwell 
Action Group, largely because he went 
to the .first meeting armed with 
information. His reaction had been to 

The mothers only gave 
first names to avoid 
any court injunctions 

ring everyone who might know more: 
Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth. 
ITV. Curiously, their MP. the Chief 
Whip John Wakeham. was someone 
they did not consider. As events 
turned out. they did not regret this 

The mothers on the road blockade 
have become disenchanted with the 
establishment they always valued and 
have become wily in the rules of 
effective protesting. They only gave 
their first names so as to avoid being 
targets for any court injunctions which 

Nirex might ' issue for 
obstruction. They remember with dis- 
appointment the occasion when they 
succeeded in getting John Wakeham 
to address a meeting. 

“He didn't know what we were 
worried about” Jackie, a mother 
pushing her toddler in its pram. says. 
“He said we might as well let them do 
the drilling to test the site because they 
would only discover it wasn't suitable. 
But he wasn't against dumping, tie 
was following the party tine.” 

The villagers weren’t impressed by 
the arguments put forward by Tom 
Mclnemy. Nirex managing director.- 
either. “We learned then that Nirex- 
gave us our best argument.” Jean says. 
“They contradicted themselves, they 
changed the criteria for sites, they 
admitted they didn't know what the 
long-term effects might be.” 

* Within weeks of their Erst meeting, 
the committee had circulated leaflets 
around neighbouring villages and had 
badges, stickers and T-shirts made. “I 
remember saying, *My kids aren’t 
going around in those T-shirts’” Anne 
says. “But now I never go anywhere 
without my badge." 

They petitioned in a different local 
town every Saturday, and in mid-April 
a coachload presented 17,000 sig- 
natures to 10 Downing Street. They 
threw themselves into fund-raising 
and have made £4,000 from member- 
ship subscriptions, coffee mornings 
and a barn dance. Jean's husband, who 
before had run the London Marathon 
for the British Heart Foundation and 
Cancer Research, ran this year for the 
action group. 

Twelve of them went by minibus to 
a conference run by Bedfordshire 
County Council about radioactive 
waste. “It was the first time i*d ever 
seen my husband sit through a lecture 
and listen," Anne remembers. 

In June it was decided that the small 

action groups which had sprung up 
should co-ordinate to become Essex 
Against Nuclear Dumping. Working 
groups to deal with publicity, commu- 
nications. the law and planning, 
information gathering, events and 
stunts were formed. 

Tom is in charge of stunts. He will 
decide what’s to be done when the 
blockade is broken. “It will all be 
peaceful,” he says. “But the campaign 
won't end there, it will only be 
starting. No one here wants to be 
doing th/s. We'd all much rather be 

Nirex admitted to not 
knowing what the long 
term effects might be 

getting on with our normal lives.” 

Mandy Pipe observes that Bradwell 
was dying 10 years ago. “A lot of 
people have moved here looking for a 
safe and peaceful place to raise their i 
children and they've brought life back 
to the village. Now, I think a lot would 
like to move away, but they wouldn't 
leave a sinking ship,” 

At that first meeting, Mr Booth 
remembers being impressed by the 
sanity of Les Pipe, who had said, “If 
this divides our village, it trill be worse 
than radioactive waste”. He was 
referring to a potential conflict be- 
tween those in the village and those 
who work at the power station. But 
that hasn’t arisen. 

Mr Booth’s dread now is that the 
fear and the anger which has mush- 
roomed as the village has become 
better-informed will break up the 
community. Like many of his parish- 
ioners. he is a comparatively new 
arrival, drawn to the countryside from 
inner-city strife in Manchester, after 
the death of his wife six years ago. 

Yesterday’s gospel was about Dives 
and Lazarus, or concern for your 
neighbour. “You can’t lie Ip relating it 
to everyday life.” Mr Booth remarks. 
“Anyone who says politics and, re- 
ligion aren't mixed has never read the 

©Timw Nmnpapw» Urf ISM 1 

I t is 30 years since Profes- 
sor Alan Ross coined the 
memorable distinction 
between U and hon-U in his 
learned paper on the “linguis- 
tic demarcation of the upper- 
class”. He concluded his deft 
plotting of England's socio- 
linguistic contours with 
words that which still re- 
sound unchallenged through 
the suffocating labyrinths of 
dass-consciousness: “Among 
European languages. English 
is surely the most suited to 
the study of linguistic class- 
disti notions." 

. A -generation of social 
change has passed since Ross 
opened his debate, yet very 
little has- changed. “Young' 
fogeys” pretend to be John ' 
Betjeman; Private Eye regu- 
larly parodies the BBC's par- 
liamentary correspondent, a 
harsh-voweUed Ulsterman; 
public schoolboys try to 
speak cockney; we have a 
Prime Minister who took 
elocution lessons. 

None of this fascination — 
some would say obsession — 
with the social and cultural 
nuances of the English lan- 
guage is particularly new. It ts 
almost as old as the language 

The United Kingdom has 
more variety of English than 
anywhere else in the world. 
Across Australia, workers 
and bosses alike speak with 
essentially the same accent 
In the United States, the East 
Coast reflects some of the 
variety of its English parent 
but the speech of middle 
America is remarkably 

Yet here in the home of the 
language — a country the size 
of New York State — the 
voice of English is a con- 
stantly-evolving cacophony 
of region, class and educa- 
tion. In George Bernard 
Shaw’s famous dictum: “It is 
impossible for an English- 
man to open his mouth 
without making some. other 
Englishman despise him.” 

Even if it were possible to 
draw a regional “dialect** 
map of the British Isles! 
mapmakers could never ex- 
press the contour lines of 
class and speech, buried deep 
in the past. Ip Shakespeare's 
lime an observant contem- 
porary was noting a dif- 
ference between the speech of 
“gentlemen” and. “the com- 
mon people”: “There be 
gentlemen and others- that 
speake, but specially write, as 
good Southeme as we of 
Middlesex or Surrey do, but 
not the common people of 
every shire, to whom the 
gentlemen, and also their 
learned darkes. do for the 
most part condescend”. 

For centuries the county 
aristocracy made almost no 
effort to imitate the English 
of the capital As recently as 
the mid- 19th century. Sir. 
Robert Peel, the Tory party 
leader, never disguised his 
Midlands speech, while Lord 
Stanley, Disraeli's patron, 
spoke “a son of Lancashire 

By the last decades of the 
century all had changed. 
Thomas Hardy, the Wessex 

The sun never sets on 
the English language; 
a billion people speak 
it and, as this first of 
three articles shows, 

• its variety is endless 

Erie Beaumont 

boy made good, identified tire 
change in Tess of the 
D' Urbervi lies'. “Mrs 
Durbeyficld habitually spoke 
the dialect: her daughter, who 
had passed the Sixth Stan- 
dard in the National School 
under a London-trained mis- 
tress, spoke two languages: 
the dialect at home, more or 
less; ordinary English abroad 
and to persons of quality” 

At the same time, standard 
English pronunciation had 
found its definitive label 
A J. Ellis coined the phrase 
Received Pronunciation, or 
RP, in his pioneering classic 
On English Pronunciation in 
1869. The timing was apt 
because it was the Victorian 
public schools that were 
creating a new class of RP 

T he public schools took 
boys with different 
backgrounds from all 
over the country and. mixing 
them together, often in iso- 
lated country Towns like 
Rugby or Uppingham, cre- 
ated a national essentially 
middle-class accent 
It became the voice of the 
officer. ' administrative and 
consular class throughout the 
Empire - the voice of author- 
ity. This identification of RP 
with power, education, and 
success became folly institu- 
tionalized after the First 
World War Great War, with 
the-esjabtishrnent oflbe BBC, 
whose founders were .well 
aware that the age of broad- 
cast sound was a milestone. 

John Reith. the first direc- 
tor-general ofthe BBC aimed 
to achieve a- standard of 
English, written and spoken, 
which would be “the very 
best thing we could do”. An 
advisory committee on spo- 
ken ’ English was set up, 
chaired by the peremptory 
figure of George Bernard 
Shaw, whose first task was 
the question - of 

The first BBC executives 
had a certain. idealism. There 
was tire hope that a standard- 
ized English-speech would be 
an agent for social improve- 

ment. In this climate, work- 
ing-class voices were 
confined to comedy pro- 

It was not until the 1960s 
and 1970s that rapid social 
change was reflected in a 
widening of the accent .spec- 
trum on radio and television. 

A ctors like Albert 
Finney. Tom 

Courtenay and Frank 
Finlay, having learnt to lose 
their flat northern accents at 
RADA now found their na- 
tive speech in vogue. 

Despite the BBC. then, 
“the ngbi way” of speaking 
did not spread inexorably 
through society. It is. in fact. 

a myth that regional varieties 
of English are being flattened 
by the standardizing pres- 
sures of broadcasting. RP (or 
BBC English) has never been 
spoken by more than a tiny 
minority of the population, 
between 3 and 5 per cent. 

Yet 1986 research shows 
that RP is still the most 
highJy-fevoured accent oFEp- 
glish today. In experiments in 
which the speakers were are 
identified only by voice, RP 
speakers tend to be credited 
with qualities such as hon- 
esty. intelligence, ambition, 
even good looks. 

Out of the broadcasting 
limelight, there are s till m any 
social and cultural pressures- 
against sounding too “posh”. 
Cricketer David Gower is 
interesting: he comes from a 
middle-class background, 
went to an English public 
school — King's. Canterbury. 
It can be assumed that he was 
brought up to speak RP.Yet 
among his non-RP-speaking 
team-mates, he adopts a 
protective vernacular. Inter- 
viewed on television, be can 
be heard to shift quite rapidly 
from the accent of the chang- 
ing-room to the accent of the 

Like all forms of English in 
Britain. RP is in a constant 
state of evolution. Compare a 
newsreel from 1936 with a 
television broadcast from 
1966 or 1986 and you. will 
find three quite distinct ac- 
cents in play. But the motor 
of this evolution does not lie 
with the familiar arbiters of 
English — the BBC. the 
professors of linguistics, the 
writers of dictionaries. All the 
evidence suggests that lan- 
guage change comes from the 

Robot McCram 

The Story of English, by 
Robert McCrum. William 
Cran and Robert MacNeil, is 
published on Thursday by 
BBC/Faber at £15. The tele- 
vision series on which the 
book is based starts on 
September 22 (BBC 2. 8.05) 

<P~l*«w liinp f w n i LM 


Capital talk; 
The making 
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Open a Saver Plus Account. 
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V' X 


Joe Bugncr follows a 
distressing boxing 
tradition today with 
his comeback fight 

There is a famous photograph, 
taken in 1951. which all 
genuine boxing fens would 
prefer not to have seen and all 
boxers planning a comeback 
should be shown. One man is 
sprawled in agony against the 
lower ropes ofthe ring, dearly 
unable lo rise, while his 
opponent turns away in 

It is one of the saddest 
photos in sporting history. 
The man who has just been 
knocked out. helpless and 
bewildered, is Joe Louis, to 
some the supreme heavy- 
weight fighter of the century. 
Forced by tax debts to return 
to the ring, this once sleek and 
stylish boxer had become a 
cumbersome and overweight 

Thousands of embarrassed 
spectators left the arena before 
Rocky Marciano admin- 
istered the coup de grace that 
evening. Louis was 37 years 
old. just a year older than 
Britain's former European 
and Commonwealth heavy- 
weight champion Joe Bugner. 
who attempts his own return 
in Sydney today. 

“They never come back.” is 
one of the oldest and wisest of 
boxing adages. “They never 
learn.” could be another. 
Sugar Ray Leonard has also 
announced a return early next 
year to the sport he once 
graced so magnificently. Un- 
like Bugncr. who has had the 
sense to start with the Ameri- 
can James Till is. a relatively 
harmless opponent. Leonard 
will, be up against world 
middleweight champion Mar- 
vin Hagler. one of the most 
dangerous fighters around. 

Leonard ai 30 has already 
retired iw-ice, the first time in 
1982 after an operation for a 

It won't happen to me: Bugner fall of hopes in Sydney, Loon on the ropes against Marciano 

detached retina. Two years 
later, he won his first come- 
back unimpressively and im- 
mediately quit again, saying 
“I'm relieved it's over. I had 
to prove something to myself 
and 1 found that it just wasn't 
there, mentally.” 

Mohammed Ali made sev- 
eral returns to boxing. His first 
was to regain the title scan- 
dalously stripped from him 
for his refusal to be drafted 
into the army. The others were 

Big money the 
draw, pride 
the spur 

motivated by' a combination 
of the need for money (few 
hangers-on are as rapacious as 
those who surround boxing 
champions) and an obsession 
to keep proving that he was 
still “the greatest”. All's last 
title fight, against Larnr 
Holmes at the age of 38. 
revealed a shambling, slow, 
corpulent figure, unable . to 
evade even the most cumber- 
some punches from his 

John Morris, general sec- 
retary of the British Boxing 
Board of Controls, emphasises 
that age is not the only 

criterion when deciding 
whether to allow a boxer to 
return to the ring. “If Bugner 
came before us now — which 
he has not because the fight is 
in Australia — we would look 
into his general condition, his 
state of fitness, his record in 
his last few fights, and he 
would go through the most 
rigorous medical examina- 
tion. What's just as relevant as 
age is continuity of training” 

The records are frill of 
champions. “Ageless Archie” 
Moore and Sugar Ray Robin- 
son among them, who fought 
well into their forties. But 
boxers who retire seldom keep 
in training or shape, and 
regaining mil competitive fit- 
ness. speed, and strength be- 
comes virtually impossible. 
Snap and timing are the first 
to go- The mental edge dimin- 
ishes. and motivation is hard 
to recapture. 

Why then does Leonard, an 
intelligent, articulate man who 
knows all this from first-hand 
experience, subject himself to 
another boutof comebackrtis? 
The money he will he getting 
is hvrac — certainly not less 
than 15 million for the Hagler 
fight — but Leonard is a very 
rich man. During htscareer he 
earned around S30 million, 
more than any non-heavy- 
weight boxer ever. 

There remains pride. People 
are beginning to forget Leon- 
ard and to talk about Hagler as 
the greatest fighter of recent 
times. And Leonard was 
named after Sugar Ray Robin- 
son. world champion at both 
welterweight and middle- 
weight Leonard .dominated 
the welters and light-middle- 
weights of his time. .What 
greater dimax to his career 
than to emulate his idol at 

middleweight and then retire 

Bugner feces no such 
dreams of immortality. At 
best a pedestrian fighter.' be 
twee went the full distance 
with Ali before losing bn 
points, but could also perform 
appallingly against common- 
place opposition. He says he- is 
returning.“because there's just 
a chance 1 can still be heavy- 
weight champion of the 
world ... of course I realise 
how old I am. But after that 
fiasco between Frank Bruno 
and Witherspoon 1 just had to 
give it another go.” 

Perhaps Leonard and 
Bugner win achieve their 
objective. Every now and 
again, boxers do make 
successful comebacks. Sugar 
Ray Robinson was one. But 
the odds, and nature, are 
against them. It was Robinson 
himself who remarked: “You 
always say Tl! quit when I 
start to slide', and then one 
morning you wake up and you 
realise you've done slid.” 

Marcel Berlins 

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Mothers who suffer a secret madness 

A kind of post-natal insanity afflicts some 
women. When Alexandra Artley suffered, 
she fou nd the problem had a long history 

O ne of the strangest 
pngs about mother- 
hood is the fact that 
being mad on and off 
seems to be almost 
normal. But people do not talk 
about it Women feel that by 
, discussmg their symptoms they 
.are bang' disloyal to themselves 
. andtiieir families. 

Perhaps because of that, when I 

went rather dotty after the birth of 

both our daughters. Mum was 
literally the word. I was, for 
certain periods between February 
and July of this year, so out of it 
> that I did not realise there was 
anything wrong with me. 

The dramatic world of puer- 
peral insanity is extremely 
fashionable at the moment. In 
Cambridge University library 
there lies a new and scarcely 
fingered PhD thesis on it, starring 
- the Second Empire alienist, 
L.V.Marc6. In Nottingham a few 
days ago the Marce Society, 

■ formed in [980, held hs third 
international conference, and 
Marce suddenly means Some- 
times Mothers Go Mad. 

- Louis Victor Marce (1828-63) 
was a sensitive and acutely obser- 
vant doctor. For centuries, vary- 
ing degrees of mental disturbance 
. associated with child-bearing had 
been noted, but Marce was the 
first to give them an interesting 
shape. ' He recognized, in the 
unfortunate women he studied, 
""the simultaneous march of 
psychiatric symptoms and phys- 
ical .changes". As hormones had 
not yet been discovered, he de- 
scribed the connection between 
brain and uterus as sympathie 
_ mnrhidc. 

Through the research society 

which bears his name. Marce is 
•likely to do for mothers in the 
1990s what Leboycr. Odent and 
the National Childbirth Trust did 
for hospital births in the Eighties. 
But whereas they were concerned 
with the physical process and 
emotional support of childbirth, 
the Marc* Sodety hopes to make 
the prevention and proper treat- 
ment of post-natal menial dis- 
orders an actuality. 

Our second daughter was bora 
in February. She was 91b 6oz andl 
felt very proud of her. After a few 
hours, though. I recognized a 
strange, painfully restless energy 
that I had also experienced several 
days after the birth of my first 
child. 1 began going backwards 
and forwards to (he foyer of the 
ward for no real reason - just for 
the exhilaration of moving. This 
relentless energy went on and on 
so that I did not sleep at all for two 

In between feeds m the middle 
of the night. 1 wrote 20.000 words 
of a book. By day I supervised 
decorators, directed a team of 
carpenters building a library. 1 
penned startling directives to the 
management of the company I 
worked for,, entertained visitors 
and generally rushed about. I was 
both lucid and confused. 

Running through all this were 
periods of feeling extremely feeble 
in the head. Writing my name on a 
postcard was a triumph of will. 
Later. I thought that by making 
me slow-witted, perhaps Nature 
was keeping me loially responsive 
to the new baby. 

In April the dreadful crashes 
started. Down 1 went to a place 
where I could only move slowly, 
as if under water. Everything was 

obscured by a grey-green veil of 

Late one April afternoon, I 
stood washing up at the' kitchen 
sink. The water was very hot The 
next thing 1 remember is that the 
water was very cold and it was 
dark outside. 1 wept over every- 
thing (most embarrassing). ! was 
glad we lived near Ring's Cross 
station because there are a lot of 
irains there and i would walk 
under one (two women recently 
killed themselves when in this 
condition). But I could not bear 
the idea of leaving my husband 
and children behind. 

I looked at my feinlly in 
considerable despair. I knew 1 
loved them, but I had no percep- 
tion of distance or speed. I almost 
ran the pram into passing cars 
several times. Like the lengthening 
of summer evenings, the periods 
of being myself returned. From 
the high ground of September 1 
now look back on these things 
with astonishment and horror. 
Bloomsbury, where 1. live, offers 
an excellent health-care service for 
mothers and children, but. I did 
not seek professional helpL I felt I ' 
was "naturally" ill and' that drugs 
might transform me into someone 
else entirely. I also thought that if 1 
took drugs I might not be respon- 
sible enough to look after the 
children. If I took them, how 
would I know when I was better? 

I n the very serious cases he 
dealt with, Marce recognized 
a danger signal that, in a 
minor form, 1 recognized in 
myself - the restless, painful 
energy. After that, he went on to 
describe, in case after case, manic 
elation, melancholia, intellectual 
enfeeble meat,- hallucinations, 
confusion and extraordinary 

The “kaleidoscopic” nature of 
post-natal mental disturbance was 
noted by another medical .writer 
later in the 19th century: “We 
cannot classify them with any 


degree of precision into mania, 
depression, melancholia and 
dementia. We shall note typical 
cases of each of these varieties, but 
I must premise by saying that it is 
common for one to passthrough alt 
these forms." 

It has been estimated that post- 
natal mental disturbance affects 
10 to 20 per cent of mothers, with 
severe puerperal psychosis occur- 
ring at a rate of one or two per 
thousand deliveries. But 
Dr Margaret Oates. Senior Lec- 
turer in Psychiatry at the 
Mapperley Hospital. Nottingham, 
who runs a special service for 
mentally ill mothers, puts the 
figure much higher than this. 
“Very severe mental illness in- 
volves hallucinations; delusions 
and the mother being out of touch 
with reality," she says. “We 
already know that four per thou- 
sand live births are referred to the 
psychiatric services, and there is a 
strong suspicion - that a better 
figure is the eight or nine per 
thousand* known to psychiatrists. 
That could be doubled again if you 
include the women who go to their 

GPs but who are not referred. 
Then there are large numbers of 
mothers with severe depressive 
illness who are supported through 
it by their families or just hidden 
away, to recover by themselves." 

If Marce got the hormonal 
theory right in 1858, why are 10 to 
20 per cent of (he child-bearing 
population still being mentally 
incapacitated for months, often 
years, at a time? It seems that 
Marat's sophisticated vision was 
rejected by early 20th-century 
“modem” psychiatry. After exist- 
ing as a separate disease for 
centuries, “puerperal psychosis” 
was officially struck off the psychi- 
atric register by Emil Kraepeliu, 
Professor Ginical Psychiatry at 
Munich from 1903-22. 

Kjraepebn classified mental Al- 
ness into a system which is still 
used today. As I understand it. he 
found that the whirligig of post- 
natal madness did not tit any of 
the pigeon holes he had neatly 
constructed, so look the disease to 
pieces and filed bits of it away 
under non-puerperal disorders. 
("See Schizophrenic disorder, see 
Brief reactive psychosis, see Major 
affective disorders, see Organic 
brain syndrome.") See anything, 
in feet, except that if your hor- 
mones are gravely unbalanced 
after the birth of a baby, you will 
almost certainly go bananas. 

In this century, some leading 
physicians have supported 
Marce’s view, including James A. 
Hamilton, formerly Clinical 
Professor of Psychiatry at Stan- 
ford. His article, “The Identity of 
Postpartum Psychosis" in Mother- 
hood and Mental Illness (Aca- 
demic Press 1982), is a stunning 
account of the way an appalling 
disease was dismembered and 
largely ignored. 

In Britain, the gynaecological 
endocrinologist. Dr Katharina 
Dalton, is convinced that “post- 
natal depression” can be pre- 
vented with progesterone, which 

has to be given during delivery. 
Progesterone is a natural hormone 
(artificial progestogens wfl] not 
do) and cannot be patented by 
drug companies. Is that another 
reason why hormone replacement 
therapy has not been developed to 
the point where it is commonly 

W hen a disease does 
not officially exist, 
whether mental or 
physical, it attracts 
little scientific re- 
search and therapeutic opportu- 
nities cannot be examined. That is 
what happened to puerperal 
ftsychosis and to her less lurid 
sister, severe post-natal depressive 

Now. six years after the founda- 
tion of the Marce Society, Britain 
leads the world in this extremely 
complex and volatile area of 
medical research. In the words of 
Frank Maiguon, current secretary 
of the sodety and consultant 
psychotherapist at the Manchester 
Royal Infirmary, “This severe 
mental illness is becoming better 
understood, possibly preventable 
and certainly treatable." 

Research carried out by Profes- 
sor Robert KendeU at Edinburgh 
suggests a hormonal trigger. He 
calculated that whereas bereave- 
ment or marital separation pro- 
duced the five-fold stress that 
could lead to mental Alness, 
childbirth produced a 35-fold 

Four types of high-risk women 
are also emerging. There is the 
“highiy-adaplive professional 
woman"; the genetically disposed 
manic-depressive; the woman 
whose partner is not committed to 
her; and the emergency Caesarean 
case (this category may be expand- 
ing to include women with other 
forms of birth emergency such as 

In the Seventies, great play was 
made of social factors in “post- 
natal depression". Domestic isola- 

tion, for example, and the 
contempt which society has for the 
gentle, humble, messy processe of 
motherhood. All this is quite true, 
but many mothers feel that hor- 
monal disturbance triggers a men- 
tal state which then makes 
external problems impossible to 
cope with. 

Another Eighties view is that 
many women with powerful ma- 
ternal instincts (I am one of them) 
have been led to expect far too 
much from themselves. Having 
been wound up by the educational 
system and set down like autom- 
atons on the career track, many 
professional women in their 30s 
are now discovering that Nature 
alters a woman's mind for mother- 
hood in a way that totally conflicts 
with the mental resources she 
needs for work. 

Memory is the classic example 
of this. When my memory was 
very bad — and I felt extremely 
vague after the birth of both my 
children — I still felt totally 
bonded to them, acutely sensitive 
to their every requirement This is 
called “primary maternal 
preoccupation”, and it can mean 
that when a mother is away from 
her children she spends her work- 
ing day in a mist of grief, pain and 

I have a loving family, kind 
friends and two children born in 
quick succession.This time it has 
taken seven months (last time it 
was 18 months) for me to regain 
my usual state of mind. Objects 
are solid again and some are even 
brightly coloured. It is wonderful 
to be back because, as I always 
knew, birth is a victory and not a 

Enquiries should he addressed to 
The Marce Society, c/o The Sec- 
retary, Dr Frank Margison, Gas- 
ket l House. Department of 
Psychotherapy, Swinton Grove, 
Manchester Ml 3. 

Q Th* Spectator IMS 

Growing up in Wonderland 

; When Dirty Hairy 
met Ratgiii, the result 
was actors* empathy, 
true love — and now 
an unlikely hit movie 

The -film Rat hoy is a bitter- 
sweet' fable about an appealing 
mutant who is. dragged into 
the spotlight and finally es- 
capes Us glare in the most 

- romantic fashion, Its director 
, says: "A lot of things hap- 
pened to me in my early career 
that affected me deeply and 
which subconsciously I must 
have put on-screen.” . 

The director-in question is 
Sondra Locke. In her mid -30s, 
she is very small indeed with 
perfect white skin, no make- 
up. albino eyes, lank blonde 
hair. and the manners of a 
polite child. She wears pale 
colours, pale Victorian 
jewellery. She collects illustra- 
tions by Arthur Rackham. 
Maxfield Parrish and Edmund 
Dulac and children's books 
like the Beatrix Potter tale 
which features in her film. 

This may be a time when, 
all over Hollywood, women 
arc being allowed to direct 
pictures, but even so eyebrows 
have been raised that in 
Locke's case it seemed so easy 
for her to get more than 
£4 million from Warner Bros, 
to turn out a movie which is, 
to say the least, unusual. 

; However, it is no small 
.coincidence that Clint 
Eastwood, actor-director and 
mayorofCarmel. has an office 
at Warners — and shares 
several homes with Locke. For 
some time. Hollywood had 
suspected Eastwood was sweet 
on his fragile-looking co-star. 
But he insisted he would never 
divorce his wife Maggie, and 
Sondra said nothing at ail. 
Then suddenly there was a 
divorce. Maggie married 
Henry Weinberg. Liz Taylor's 
.car-dealer friend, and Oiitt 
was stepping out with Sondra 

- or rather slaying in with her. 
The details of their private 

life are a tantalizing secret in a 
town that hates secrets. But 
Rathor. rapturously received 
.by the French Press at the 
DcauviJJc festival last week. 

'.'1 r 

• V j - V 
'» •?* 

-is* i. 

Eternal child: Sondra Locke collects children's books 

gives a few clues, including a 
line about a gum "It’s empty. 
Dirty Harry" ... 

Yet the circumstances of 
Locke's liaison cannot always 
have been ideal. While 
Eastwood lives up in Northern ■ 
California's Big Sur. her base 
has been an old-style. Spanish 
house in the Los Angeles Hills, 
her favourite occupation the 
solitary one favoured by many 
a lonely woman: gardening. In 
LA, where tropical flowers run 
riot, she perversely tries to 
nurture tulips. 

"Ratboy in Wonderland", is 
how she remembers herself 
when she first arrived- in 
Hollywood. Born in a small 
town in Tennessetiocke won 
a talent contest aLthe age of 
1 8. having "watched people to 
learn acting rather than take 

Her father was a contractor 
and none of the family under- 
stood her compulsion to 
watch movies at all times of 
the day and night on tele- 
vision. “I never felt I belonged 
where I was." she says. 

They were all surprised 

when she was cast in Carson 
McCuller's The Heart Is .-1 
Lonely Hunter— for which she 
received an Oscar nomination 
— in 1968. 

• When she first arrived in 
LA her feeling of alienation 
worsened, "i don't know how 
1 survived. There were no 
interesting pans for young 
girls, it was not the youth- 
orientated market it is today. 
Also, this is a town which is 
very interested in plot, but not 
in character. I was interested 
in character, in strange quix- 
otic emotions. I was no good 
ai the publicity machine 
which is 80 per cent of the 

“My arrival here was truly a 
fairy tale, and 1 believed that 
something fabulous would be 
created for me by magic. As an 
actress you are accustomed to 
thinking like this and to 
waiting to be chosen.” 

When Locke first met Gim 
Eastwood, he chose not to cast 
her in 1973's Breezy — an 
oversight which she says is 
still a bone of contention 
between them. Three years 

later he made amends with a 
pan in The Outlaw Josey 
Wales and these two outsiders 
immediately bonded. I 

Ratboy shares with many of 
Eastwood's own films a fas- 
cination for the drop-outs and 
freaks who abound in Ameri- 
can life. “Ratboy is dragged in 
and wants out," Locke ex- 
plains. “He knows what it i$ to 
be different and the im- 
portance we place On material 

; She found the story in a pile 
given to her by her agent. 
“Gim was very encouraging. 
He thought I could do it 
because over the years he has 
allowed me to be part of his 
decision-making, from casting 
to editing." 

His habit of allowing any- 
one on the set to voice their 
opinion had been a 10-year 
apprenticeship for Locke. 
More than that, in a business 
which has become decidedly 
conservative, his name has 
become a byword for risk- 

He showed up on the 
Ratboy set twice: on the first 
day to make certain every- 
thing got off to a good start 
with his crew, and again when 
Locke was to show him the 
rough-cut. “It was terrifying,” 
she says. “! don't suppose I 
have ever fell so vulnerable.” 

An editing machine was 
installed in the new Eastwood 
home in Mount Shasta on the 
Oregon border. Eastwood 
made a couple, of suggestions 
and Locke readily agreed. Her 
eyes light up in a most old- 
fashioned way when she talks 
about him. his stamina as a 
film-maker, his taste and their 
favourite film — Bronco Billy 
— which they once took to the 
Deauville Festival together. 
On this occasion she went 

The French view thar she 
has produced a brave movie 
has reinforced her determina- 
tion to continue directing. “1 
don't see marriage and chil- 
dren in the cards any more.” 
she says. “I think I chose this 
profession as a way to remain 
the eternal child.” 

Glenys Roberts. 

QTimMNiwapapCiftLJd 1986 

From Dr de Wet Vorsler. 
Santa Maria, 

South Brent. Devon 

The Dublin experience (Wed- 
nesday Page, Sep 3) reveals 
how important close mother / 
baby post-birth contact is, 
although it is obviously only a 
part of the bonding process as 
discussed in the article by Liz 

, Where the baby is con- 
cerned, it appears important 
that there be “holding" by a 
care-taking adult, if not the 


mother, for the first half hour 
or so after the birth, the first 
hour exhibiting special 
“awake patterns" in the EEG 
(electroencephalogram) record 
of the baby. 

Onr research, at the mater- 
nity department of Plymouth 
hospital, involving many hun- 
dreds of motber/baby couples, 
supports earlier animal stud- 

ies. and studies pursued on 
smaller numbers of babies, 
indicating the valoe of immedi- 
ate mother or parent baby 
contact in matters such as 
sleep and feeding, as well as 
problems in motber/baby 
interaction at a later stage. 

In our study, post-birth 
holding by father was nearly 
as valuable as holding by 

mother (for twenty minutes or 
more); skin contact was not 
esmnfiiil for the positive ef- 
fects of proximity. 

It appears that unfortunate 
separation — for example, 
Caesarian Section under gen- 
eral anaesthetic - may be 
compensated for by later 

The important adult is there 
and "available”, which allows 
more readily for a mutually 
satisfying interactive rhythm 
to devdopt 


■ Aii you do is spend ^ 

S Tt’s a snip- cruets (one of I 

a®#?®*-* L 

■ssa-js: Sr®- 

Cream Enamel I 

Emery ^ Sticks W 

Manicure SticKS ^ 


Vi Os 

Where sex has a long shelf life 

After all I was saying last 
ueefc about Ireland having 
derided to turn its back on the 
nastier aspects of the future 
such as total technology, imag- 

■ ine my surprise when I went 
into the local electrical sup- 
plier to buy a light bulb and 
there, w here the boxes of fuses 
used to be, was a shelf of video 
cassettes. Last Tango in Fans 
prominently to the fore. 

It seems that white th*** J 5 
legislation to stop people get- 

■ ting divorced or reading saacy 
books, there is nothing that 
can be done abort rode videos 

■ because at the time the laws oa 

decency were passed videos 
hadn’t been inverted yet. 11 
people get to hear about this, it 
bodes ill for the peace and 

.tranquillity of this land of 
Mints and scholars. 

I can see package tour 
operators leaping on to tne 
bandwagon with offers pi 
video-* Sewing holidays 
darkened Irish hotel rooms. 


These would attract a different 
tvpe of tonrist to the ones we 
have nows the German stu- 
dents cheerfully setting up 
their tents in the pouring rain; 
the ancient English couples in 
shrunken Irish sweaters and 

sensible shoes striding across 
the bogs; the families from 
Dublin with cars full of red- 
headed children, whose Idea of 
heaven is a bag of crisps and a 
lemonade before breakfast. 

Strangely enough, I haven't 
heard any public denoun- 
elation of the unchecked dis- 
tribution of video cassettes. 
For that matter, I haven't met 
anyone in the area who seems 
to have watched one, either. 

What is bothering the 
authorities at the moment is 
the larky behaviour of Irish 
holiday-makers in the Canar- 
ies, where they patronize 
establishments called the 
Shilleladb Bar and play 
suggestive games such as Pass 
the Cucumber. The female 
tourists also tend to fall hook, 
line and sinker for any loiter- 
ing Spaniard. 

“Why do yon think that is?" 
the broadcaster Gay Byrne 
asked a reporter who had just 
returned from observing their 

shenanigans. The reporter, a 
woman, sighed. “Because 
they're so lovely,” she said. 

My native priggishness melts 
un-ay entirely at the thought of 
Charles Stewart Parnell, the 
most dashing and romantic of 
Itoliricians. whose home in 
County Wicklow has just been 
officially opened as a museum. 

Parnell was neurotically 
superstitious and it has been 
suggested that had he only 
known that Kitty O'Shea iras . 
the 1 3th child to }*e born in her 
family, he would have shunned 
her like the plague and Irish 
lusiaty would hare taken a 
different turn. 

Since he didn 't. Pamdl and 
Kitty remain the epitome of 
star-crossed lovers. There Is 
even a Kitty O'Shea pith in 
Paris which is regarded as trts 
Irian dais, although the lady 
herself as everyone who kno\rs 
her liive sunt is aware, »»as 

/ m 



• Offer available iriiife nocks l»i from fcujCT branch*, of Bum* with eon*u!rann. 

• 'i" 


i a'u-> A ijVifco iwtoix Lsn. 1 cjcjt 4 civiocis. 1^1 >00 

RAIN __ 

‘Cheer np. At least we're only 
70 per cent against 
joining the 30 Per Cent Club* 

Bright sparks 

:i am pleased 10 find the spirit of 
.aristocratic enterprise flourishing 
at Alihorp. home of Earl and 
Countess Spencer. On Saturday 
evening the Spencers threw a party 
to celebrate the launch of their 
latest project, a book of photo- 
graphs. Japan and the East . taken 
bv the Earl on a recent trip. While 
he buckled down wiih amiable 
good humour to signing copies, 
the Countess told me that, ir- 
ritated bv publishers’ inefficiency, 
-thev had' not only published the 
book themselves but are also 
taking on the tasks of distribution 
and publicity. She appears to be 
wizard at the job: Marks & 
Spencer (no relation) are negotiat- 
ing to give the book that ultimate 
hallmark of popular appeal, the St 

Michael logo. PHS 

Honesty test for the SDP 

Clement Freud 


Defense de 

Even for that most pro-European 
of political parties, the SDP. there 
are limits to the entente cordiaie. 
Visitors to a fringe meeting on 
defence and disarmament on the 
eve of ihe SDP conference in 
Harrogate were promised con- 
tributions from David Owen and 
a prominent French politician, 
Jean-Francois Marie. What they 
weren’t told was that M Marie 
would be speaking en Francois. 
Although the interpreter battled 
valiantly through the 35-minute 
monologue one delegate nodded 
off and several others decided to 
say a premature au re voir. At least 
the event provided some 
enlightenment for Richard Ryder, 
Tory MP for Mid Norfolk, who is 
attending the conference for the 
BBC. and whom I overheard 
repeating with evident irony that 
celebrated remark of Julian 
Criicbley's about the SDP being 
“an exam-taking party." Perhaps 
they had better go back to school. 

• SDP traditions, of necessity, are 
somewhat new, but it's good to see 
it living np to them. Shirley 
Williams' car broke down yes- 
terday outside the Old Swan 
Hotel, making her late for church, i 

Over the water 

More' unhappiness among West- 
minster ratepayers, this time over 
the borough's Arts Week, planned 
for November. The events, they 
say. have little to do with West- 
minster and they are equally 
concerned by the choice of venue 
— the South Bank Centre, which 
is, of course, in Lambeth. Geo- 
graphically close, perhaps, but 
ideologically somewhat distant. 

Drying out 

Edwina Currie's path to 
Thatchcritc orthodoxy has been 
short indeed. Only two years ago. I 
am assured, in a debate on health 
she suggested that the terminally 
ill should be entitled to free 
medicinal prescriptions. Kenneth 
Clarke, the minister, is said to 
have been heard to mutter “And 
what if they don't die - would she 
send round the fraud squad?" 


A reader springs to British 
Airways' defence after my para- 
graph about the pilot of a People 
Express flight — arriving ahead of 
schedule — who stood at the exit 
telling passengers how the movie 
ended. A month or so ago, the 
arrival hall at New York's Ken- 
nedy airport was so jam-packed 
that the captain of a BA jumbo 
suggested that the passengere stay 
on board “and we’ll run a brand- 
new film for you" They did. for 
the best pan or two hours. 

• Wealthy South Africans mak- 
ing the chicken run to Australia 
are being dubbed “the new Boat 
People." Not because that's bow 
they get there, but because one of 
their first actions on arrival is to 
buy a yacht 

Saddling up 

The Irish government has been 
asked if it wonts to buy back the 
nineteenth century equestrian 
statue of Field Marshal Viscount 
Gough which it removed from 
Dublin's Phoenix Park after the 
IRA bombed it in 1957. Two years 
ago the politically sensitive statue 
was sold to Robert Guinness, a 
member of the brewing family, on 
the understanding that he would 
lake it out of the country. This he 
did. and it now resides in Nor- 
thumberland. Guinness says he is 
mooting a resale, with a view to 
the statue again going on display, 
because of the improved relations 
between London and Dublin since 
the Hillsborough agrecmcnL Dub- 
lin's Office of Public Works is 
non-committal, conceding only 
that it will meet Guinness “to hear 
what he has to say". 


In recent years any number of 
ambitious plans to combat pov- 
erty have ended in lailure. Today 
the SDP debates a radical scheme 
for merging tax and benefits and 
reforming both. Will it go the way 
of the broken promises of Conser- 
vatives and Labour'? 

This will be a test of the SOP’S 
values and honesty as a party. If 
wc shy away from necessary 
reform for fear of losing some 
votes we serve no purpose. The 
need for reform has seldom been 
greater. Those living on or near 
the poverty line now number 16.3 
million, nearly one family in 
three. Thai is an increase of 42 per 
Cent since 1979. 

But more is needed than good 
intentions. We need a redistribu- 
tion of wealth, but one which does 
not prejudice the creation of 
wealth. Wc need to simplify- tax 
and benefits, because their infinite 
complexity has defeated many 
past attempts at reform. Lastly we 

need proposals which- are politi- 
cally feasible. 

The first need has been met. We 
propose more generous benefits, 
but their cost would be limited 
because our approach is selective. 
That is where we score over 
Labour, who believe in universal 
benefits. But benefits which go to 
rich and poor alike are either too 
expensive or cannot be big enough 
to relieve- poverty. By being 

Dick Taverne warns against any backsliding 
on the proposals to alleviate poverty 

selective we can do more for less. 

Wc have also been realistic: our 
scheme docs not mean more 
borrowing to spend on social 
security. Instead, increased bene- 
fits would be paid for by tax 
increases — but these would come 
from changing tax allowances, not 
increasing lax - rates. Thus the 
disinccnti vc effects of higher taxes 
on extra earnings would be 
avoided. Indeed, our proposals 
would provide greater incentives 
for unemployed and young people 
to lake work. 

The second need has been met. 
Wc propose a major simplifica- 
tion. Two benefits, family income 
supplement and supplementary 
benefit, would be replaced by one 
basic benefit two separate taxes, 
national insurance and income 
lax. would be -fused into one. 
merging the administration of (ax 
and benefits. 

Abolishing the individual's na- 
tional insurance contribution is of 
special importance in making the 
system fairer and ampler. These 
contributions masquerade as an 
insurance scheme; As their size 
bears no relation to the size of 
benefits, they are a tax. Indeed- 
they are a very bad tax. which is 

hugely expensive to administer, 
hurts the low-paid and discour- 
ages young people from taking 
work. It is surprising bow long this 
nonsense has survived. 

The. main doubts, however, 
have concerned the political fea- 
sibility of our proposals. These 
doubts arise partly from distor- 
tions and misunderstandings. 
Conservatives, for example, have 
alleged that we would be putting 
up income tax to 38 per cent. Not 
so. Under our scheme, two taxes, 
of 9 per cent and 26 per cent 
respectively, would be merged 
into one of 38 per cent. They say 
that pensioners would be paying 
38 per cent where now they pay 29 
per cent. Not so. Because pension- 
era do not pay national insurance 
we propose that they should pay a 
special rate of 29 per cent 

Most serious has been the 
genuine misunderstanding that all 
taxpayers who earn more than 
£10,000 would lose. Again, not so. 
The error has arisen because when 
you reform a system riddled with 
anomalies there is no simple 
break-even point for gainers and 
losers. Some who gain from 
present anomalies would lose; 
others, who now lose, would gain. 

Our new. simpler system would 
affect people differently according 
to their special circumstances. 
There is no simple pattern ol 
gainers and losers. 

What we can say is that a 
substantial majority of basic-rate 
taxpavers would gain (those earn- 
ing up to £ 1 7.200 a year): but we 
must also frankly admit that many 
people, who may be considerably 
better off than the average; but 
who are not rich, will have to pay 
perhaps £2 to £3 a week more. The 
buirien would rise at the higher 
rate bands. 

But are such tax increases 
politically feasible? If they are not. 
then Britain faces a continuation, 
indeed worsening, of poverty. It is 
hypocrisy to pretend, as Labour 
does, that you need only tax the 
very rich to help the poor. 
Conservative policy is that no one 
should pay more tax. Let us be 
quite dear what this implies: the 
poor must be left to rot. 

We should put to the electorate 
very dearly one of the central 
questions of the day: are we to 
become the country with the 
greatest division between rich and 
poor in Europe? This division is 
growing and it is making Britain a 
less attractive place. The SDFs 
answer is No. Of this we should be 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 

In one of an occasional series on the internal factors In the South African power struggle, 
Michael Attwell forecasts that the whites will yield — but peace will be hard to achieve 

At some point within 15 years the 
African National Congress is 
likely to win the first democratic 
election in South Africa and form 
a black government. It will win 
because black nationalism will 
bring white supremacy to an end. 
and the ANC is the authentic 
voice of that nationalism. 

Its leaders already enjoy major- 
ity support among urban blacks 
and are gaining further ground 
there and in rural areas. It is the 
only uncompromiscd political 
force.sufficiently broadly based to 
lead black South Africa. 

Few people accept that we are 
now witnessing the beginning of 
the showdown between whiteand 
black nationalism, but I believe 
we are. Ultimately the whites will 
have to choose between black rule 
and their own ruin. 

The South African government, 
despite two states of emergency, 
enormous numbers of detentions, 
thousands of deaths and unceasing 
policing, is unable to end the 
turmoil.Its control of black town- 
ships has broken down, probably 
irretrievably.. Black forces are 
setting themselves up there as 
alternative authorities. And apart- 
heid legislation is being jettisoned. 
It makes nodifference: the govern- 
ment has lost the initiative and is 
unable to regain it 

The economy still stands largely 
unscathed - but it can only face 
unrelenting assault. White cities 
and residential suburbs remain 
calm - but the chaos will slowly 
spread into these areas. Whites go 
about their normal business - but 
it will be increasingly disrupted by 
riot, arson, bombings and murder. 

No amount of force and no 
political initiative by the govern- 
ment (including any achievement 
of power-sharing with "moderate" 
blacks) can stop this. Too many 
blacks are determined that the 
majority shall rule. The whites 
have already lost faith in their own 
supremacy: they are engaged in a 
holding operation, and Know it. 
They intend to fight on, but this 
will bring only greater calamity. 

.As the prospect of growing peril 
and dislocation stretches before 
them, and as majority rule looms 
with an ever greater sense of 
inevitability, the point will be 
reached where the bulk of whites 
begin to accept that black govern- 
ment is a lesser evil. In the end the 
surrender document will be 

The ANC will not find its 

Shape of life 
when the ANC 
is in power 

transition to power easy. Many 
whites will refuse to accept the 
new- dispensation. Armed groups 
win continue to resist, and sec- 
tions' of the police and army may 
rebel. However, with the majority 
of whites having come to terms 
with their new future, white rebels 
will find their support too narrow 
to sustain opposition indefinitely. 

At the other extreme, many of 
the insurrectionary young blacks 
who have become accustomed to 
answering only to themselves will 
remain a violent destabilizing 
presence, and may join battle with 
the ANC over its political stanoe. 
But the black street dissidents will 
find themselves alienated from the 
broader black population by a 
descent into lawlessless and ban- 
ditry. This, coupled with the 
ANCs democratic endorsement, 
its control of the bulk of the armed 
forces, and the mobilization of its 
own supporters, will eventually 
silence them: but the process 
could last years. ■ 

A longer-term problem will be 
how to deal with the whites. A 
large minority are going 10 find 
some of their worst fears con- 
firmed. More than half the Afri- 
kaner workforce — about a third of 
all white workers — is in the public 
sector. They are often the least 
well-educated whites, the most 
racist, and the most despised. 

The ANC will be under enor- 
mous pressure to find jobs for the 
millions of unemployed blacks. It 
will also want to remove .the state 
machinery from unsympathetic 
hands. So a large number of whites 
will find themselves displaced, 
and have to eke out a livelihood in 
the market-place. 

The majority of whites, how- 
ever. will discover, to their sur- 
prise. that their lives do not 
change all that much. There will 
be no driving them into the sea or 
wholesale slaughter. The ANC has 
long accepted that the whites have 

a right to a home in South Africa. 
Its adherence to non-racism has 
been, as evident- in its history and 
conduct as in its philosophy. 

The majority of whites have an 
economic base independent of the 
state. They have skills and know- 
how that blacks will need. The 
ANC will want to preside over a 
prosperous country. Certainly it 
will take majority shares in the 
largest mining and industrial com- 
plexes: certainly it will nationalize 
some land and redistribute it to 
the needy. But for most whites, 
their capital, income and life- 
styles will be little affected. 

Ironically enough, it is black 
South Africa that will bear the 
greatest burden. The long suffoca- 
tion of black political life has 
prevented proper representative 
structures from developing. The 
new South Africa will have to 
endure a long period of political 
evolution as these are formed, 
tried, tested and altered. 

The ANC will come to power as 
the beneficiary of opposition to 
white supremacy. Once that has 
gone, the rallying point will go. 

The ANC has plenty of 
cnemies.There are conservative 
blacks: some rural, some urban. 
Among the rural are the 
“homeland” leaders.' notably 
Chief Gatsha Buthelezi of 
KwaZulu. He is ambitious, 
impressive and powerful: he has a 
political organization perhaps a 
million strong with a paramilitary 

Among the urban conservatives 
are elements of the educated elite, 
the new middle class, and the 
adherents of conservative re- 
ligious movements such as the 
Church of Zion. None of these 
forces is strong enough to prevent 
the ANC victory. Bui afterwards 
they could together mount a 
formidable challenge. 

Then there are more radical 
blacks. There is a long tradition of 

“Africanism" in black South Af- 
rican politics. It represents the 
idea that only those who identify 
fully with "Africa" are true citi- 
zens. It is avowedly non-racist — 
but the practical effect of its 
approach is that many whites fall 
outside the range of its sympathy, 
whatever it says. 

It has also become fused in its 
more modern forms with radical 
opposition to capitalism, which it 
sees as a mechanism of those who 
are not true Africans to exploit 
those who are. One can see at once 
the potency of these ideas. . ■ 

The ANC. however hard it tries, 
will not be able to transform most 
black South Africans' lives im- 
mediately. Many will be disillu- 
sioned. There will be a widespread 
feeling that the ANC is being too 
conciliatory to whites. Many will 
want more radical action. Today 
the Africanist tradition is kept 
alive by relatively small urban 
groups: bat its long endurance is 
testimony to the strength of its 
appeal; its organizations are 
coherent and well-entrenched; it 
too has a paramilitary tradition. 
Here is more conflict in the 
making — and the promise of 
further violence. 

If is foolish — and racist — to 
believe that all these disparate 
forces, black and white, are evil 
and bent on destruction. The men 
and women who compose them 
are honourable people who feel 
they must do what seems right. 
We can only regret that human 
beings are not better than they are. 
-Under a wiser white govern- 
ment a peaceful sorting out of 
South African political life might 
have been possible. With states- 
manship the whiles would have 
recognized -the needs of their 
fellow citizens and built bridges 
with the people who wish them ho 
barm. Sadly, they are neither wise 
nor statesmanlike. 

We have not yet been allowed to 
see the mettle of South Africa’s 
first black rulers — but we shall. 
The stresses and strains of the new 
society . will be severe. Only 
extraordinary insight and skill on 
their part will prevent South 
Africa's long blood-letting from 

© Toni m wptp wi, 1988. 

Michael Attwell is the author of 
South Africa: Background to the 
Crisis, published last week by 
Sidgwick & Jackson (£14.95 hard- 
cover. £9.95 soft-cover). 

Commonwealth visas: Whitehall divided 

Will the decision 10 introduce 
visas for visitors from “black" 
Commonwealth countries prove 
an impossible task? The Foreign 
Office is claiming that reports 
from its high commissions in 
Nigeria. Ghana. Pakistan. Bangla- 
desh and India suggest just that. 

Foreign Office spokesman are 
putting out gloomy predictions 
about lack of staff and lack of 
office space, and ihe impossibility 
of quickly increasing either to deal 
with more than 450.000 visitors a 
tear. In Lagos, for example, it 
claims that after only one month 
there w ill be a backlog of 8.000 
Nigerians clamouring for visas. 
This figure is based on the 
estimate that, in ihe short term, 
only six immigration officers can 
be diverted to the task. who. 
together with staff from the 
commercial section, will issue 
only about 200 visas a day. But 
every week 3.000 Nigerians apply 
10 travel to Britain. 

The Foreign Office foresees two 
consequences. First, visas will be 
faked: second, visitors will break 
their journey to acquire them in 
countries along the way. 

Equally acute, they say. is the 
problem of office, space and 
discomfort envisaged for existing 
Staff. In one city on' the sub- 
continent. the Foreign Office, 
despairing of' finding suitable 
premises in time, has suggested 
that a first secretary should vacate 
the ground floor of his house. 

Officials say that for an orderly 
system to be introduced, nine 
months to a year of-preparation is 
needed. This would allow time to 
recruit and train extra staff and to 
provide adequate living accom- 
modation. offices and security 
measures. Yet the deadline envis- 
aged by the Home Office is one of 
weeks rather than months. 

How realistic are these fears? 
Certainly recruitment may take 
time (who would wish to endure 
the rigours of Lagos on a govern- 
ment salary?). However, the num- 
bers involved are small. The 
Foreign Office quotes a figure of 
1 50 additional staff, but the Home 
Office puts the figure at only 50. 

The image of thousands of 
Nigerians or Indians running 
amok on ihe streets in their 
anxiety to acquire a British visa 

may also be exaggerated. The 
problem of queueing can be cut 
down by arranging appointments, 
which can be quickly done by 
locally hired staff. This already 
happens in Egypt, where three full- 
rime officers, with occasional 
relief help, dealt with 45.000 
appplicants last year. Only the 
actual interview, which is in- 
tended to sort out genuine visitors 
from those who intend to stay 
illegally, needs 10 be conducted by 
a British official. 

Another factor which may make 
the situation less drastic than the 
Foreign Office maintains is the 
lime of year. As students return to 
university, the -summer crush 
declines dramatically. 

.In assessing the logistical argu- 
ment. it is important to bear in 
mind the strong underlying doubts 
in the Foreign Office about the 
wisdom of the policy in principle. 
Pains arc being taken to play down 
any differences between the Home 
Office and the Foreign Office, but 
Foreign Office doubts peraisL 

■it is not so much that visas in 
themselves arc seen as in- 
equitable. The problem lies rather 

in the fact that the new regulations 
are to be applied to the black 
Commonwealth and not to the 
white at a lime when relations 
with black countries are at a low 
ebb because of the row over South 
African sanctions. 

Both the timing and the manner 
ofthe announcement create severe 
difficulties for the Foreign Office 
in trying to heal the rift The 
temptation to postpone the in- 
troduction of the new measures at 
least until the South . African 
question is resolved is therefore 
very great. Emphasizing the prac- 
tical difficulties provides a useful 
argument for delay. 

To the Foreign Office the affair 
is in feet another example of the 
govern ment's current parochial 
preference for short-term domes- 
tic expediency at the expense of 
long-Lerm foreign policy consid- 
erations. To Downing Stret and 
the Home Office, .the objections 
no doubt appear as nothing more 
than customary Foreign Office 

Kate Finch 

How will Angela 
do at school? 

My first job was in the kitchens of 
the Dorchester Hotel: I was a yeg 
cook. There came a day when the 
. cher said: "Boy. you beena all 
right: nexta week you worka on de 
fish.” It was a substantial promo- 
tion and I telephoned my parents 
to give them the good news. 

Nothing like that at West- 
minster you go quietly about your 
business, sneaking on your col- 
leagues to the Chief Whip, writing 
letters to the newspapers, become 
secretary of the All Party Group 
for the Encouragement of Hare 
Coursing. Then word comes: 

"Wait by your telephone on 
Wednesday afternoon." Mind 
you. no hint of whether you are to 
become Minister for Social Se- 
curity. be stripped of office and 
clobbered with a Damehood or get 
sept to Northern Ireland and have 
three bodyguards for the next five 
years. . . 

The hiring and finng is at the 
whim of Her and the convention 
that there must be a telephone call 
is understood by all. If you are out. 
you don't get the job: on the other 
hand, if you are not in. you don’t 
get sacked either, which is why the 
more vulnerable ministers take 
long holidays on Turkish camp- 

Last week’s shuffle, positively 
the final shuffle before the redeal, 
was to have been announced last 
Tuesday, then on Wednesday 
afternoon, then on Wednesday 
evening. Even though the House is 
in recess, the intake of ’83 — the 
rumoured beneficiaries — stood 
self-consciously around the 
Members' Lobby. 

“Good luck." we said to them, 
passing by, rather as the static 
citizens shouted "God speed” to 
the equestrians who galloped the 
good news 10 Ghent 

We all knew the sort of people 
who were going 10 get promoted, 
and most of us had read the names 
of the principal candidates for the 
chop. Dunn was to go: rumour had 
it that Dunn was still there only 
because they couldn't find him to 
sack him last time. Dunn was jolly 
lucky to have got there in the first 
place. Then there was Jopling 
odds-on for the back benches a 
month ago before She leaked the 
view that a change at Cabinet level 
could needlessly rock the boat as 
the election approaches. So 
Jopling was staying. 

Was Ryder too wet. Hogg too 
bluff. Currie too brash. Portillo 
too new. Hayhoe too old? They sat 
in buzzingdistance of their phones 
— dear Edwi na actually in camera- 
shot - doing the little things we 
MPs do to keep us occupied. 

When the dust had settled it was 
deemed to have been thejnvolve- 
ment of women that stood out as - 
the most notable issue. Edwina 
had got a job. Angela had got a 

bigger job. Peggy- * ho had a 
job. is now a Dame. . 

Chris Patten has not gone ■ nt 
has left education for the Foreign 
Offi« ^ charge of overseas 
development. He has been pushed 
from children whom he under- 
stood and from teachers who 
misted him above an> of h» 
colleagues. 1 believe that even his 
ideological opponents would con- 
sider his move a blow to educa- 
tion. in tittle under a V^*ar he 
turned round the political **52 
of the Department of Education 
within the educational worW - 
and. given the appa ling record of 
the well-meaning but accident- 
prone Sir Keith, that « 
something to be dismissed l hg». 
He has made some of the best- 
informed and most thoughttul and 
thought-provoking speeches ‘ 
have read; now he is not 10 be 
allowed to see through the Educa- 
tion Bill. , . . 

Without going soft on teachers 
professional obligations, he has 
done much to restore their faith in 
government and the hope or a 
decent standing in society. As one 
union official commented. ' He is 
the only thing that would ever 
incline me to vote Tory.” 

Sources close to the Pnnw 
Minister have gone out of their 
way to stress that his move is 
"career development”, not demo- 
tion or a vote of no confidence. 
But one wonders what even a man 
of his great ability will be able to 
achieve. Overseas development 
has greater problems of financial 
and public support than educa- 
tion, and while Patten realized 
that being nice to the teachers was 
not enough, he will have even less 
room for manoeuvre at the For- 
eign Office. 

Given the rightward shut at 
Environment — the compounding 
of Ridley with Boyson - there is a 
real danger that cash limits will be 
kept so tightly screwed down that 
the expectations placed on the 
education service cannot be met. 

I know little of Mrs Rumbold. 
Patten's successor at ediuucation. 
She has a background in local 
education and some experience of 
independent review bodies for 
public-sector pay. which is 
promising. She comes from Kings- 
ton-upon-Thamcs, one of the last 
bastions of selective education, 
which is less uplifting 

1 fear, for education's sake, that 
the Prime Minister has blundered. 
Mrs Rumbold, we are told in 
Parliamentary Profiles, is a sup- 
porter of the £1 note and Chelsea 
football club. One has gone, the 
other is declining 1 only hope, she 
becomes a fen of the state educa- 
tion system. Ninety-four per cent 
of our children have need of her. 
The author is Liberal MP for 
Cambridgeshire North-east. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Now the game 
of the name 

Trivial Pursuit is the newest social 
disease to be identified, at least 
judging from some of the letters 
we get in the office. The symptoms 
include asking to be given encyclo- 
paedias at Christmas, compul- 
sively asking quiz questions at 
■dinnerparties when one should be 
talking about South Africa, and 
waking up in the middle of the 
night shouting “I'll go for arts and 
entertainment!" Our advice to 
such sufferers is succinct: stop 
writing letters to this office. 

Some correspondents, however, 
db seem to be genuine seekers 
after knowledge and today we 
answer several of their more 
interesting questions, about well- 
known wonds and names. 

Why do so many German place 
names begin with “bad”, as In Bad 
Eras, but so many Islamic place 
names end with it, as In Islamabad 
and Hyderabad? — LM. of Bath. 
Because the Germans write from 
left to right, but Muslims write 
from right to left 
Wbo'was Improvement Grant? — 
H.C. of Edinburgh. 

Just as “Capability" Brown was 
the foremost English landscape 
gardener of his day, so “Im- 
provement" Grant was the leading 
landscape gardener in Scotland. 
As you might expect, his art was 
much more puritanical than we 
are used to in England, and he 
banned all colourful plants from 
his garden. At the end of each vista 
he placed a small, stern kirk and 
caused church bells to be rung at 
hourly intervals. He invented a 
small steam-driven sundial, which 
told the time by the rain. To the 
end of his days he tried to perfect a 
flowering shrub which would not 
flower on the Sabbath, but sadly 
he died before he could find it. 
Where Is Vitreous China? - S.K. 
of Aberystwyth. 

Vitreous China is a large island 
not far from Taiwan, and houses 
the Chinese Social Democrat Alli- 
ance government in .exile. 7110 
main industry there is the produc- 
tion of porcelain for domestic use, 
and ■ you will find the name 
stamped on many basins arid 
lavatories in use in Britain. 

Is Conor Cruise O'Brien the only 
politician named after a travel 
agency? — R-P. of Canterbury. 

No. He is the only politician 
named after a nuclear missile. 

I read the other day that Prince 
Ludwig Xavier of Frantschberg- 
Spfltlese suffered from “a misspelt 
youth" Was this a misprint? — 

HM. qf Leeds. 

No. He came to manhood without 
anyone being able to spell his 

name accurately. This was com- 
pounded by his dreadful hand- 
writing which caused him to be 
dubbed “Europe's most illegible 

Who is Booker Prize Junior? — 
T.K.of London W77. 

Booker Prize Junior is a soul 
singer, said to be the most 
intellectual one in his field. His 
long involved songs tend to deal 
with the problems of Maori 
hunchbacks growing up in a 
deprived environment, or Italfan 
peasants grappling with incest and 
grape harvest failure. Though 
critically acclaimed, he has never 
had a hit record. 

What exactly are Baby Boomers? 

— HJB. of BfackpooL 
Small kangaroos. 

I don't want to be pedantic, bat 
shouldn't the expression “down in 
the doldrums" more accurately be 
"down in the doldra"? - PM’, of 
Milton Keynes. 

Yes, but only if you also refer to 
kettle-drums as kettle-dra. . 
The word “refute” is often used 
wrongly, as in "Minister angrily 
relates accusation of dishonesty". 
Bat what should correctly be nsed 
in that context? - BM. ofGoole. 
Accurately, that sentence should 
read: “Minister angrily rings up 
World At One, The Times, break- 
fast television etc, and demands 
gee time and space so that he can 
blether on about accusation of 
dishonesty, without ever produc- 
ing any evidence for or against," 

Is Sir Roger Casement the only 
famous person who has ever been 
named after a window? — C.F, of 
Oxford. J 

Certainly not There have been 
S5™ raJ „ s,r John French, Clark 
Gable. Hannah Glasse. Thomas 
rame and many others. 

I bw recently read about an 
{EW called The Friends of 
National Opera. I was 

I® 1 reraem- 
bered that the Quakers were 
ahrays known as Friends: is this in 

piSiiiE il **■ Friends of 

S m N S 0r l? are dedi- 
SJf i° 9“akenzrng all opera 
texts. For instance, they want to 

*!?“* 'ton. » ihat“ 
Derromes Thy nny hand is 

frozen , and they want all ref. 

ml by God Slru <* 

?n 0 s L3 nd n.i? r I n,n 8 introduced 
instead. Once that is done ihev 

»F8 move on to pop mS 
and bnng about such song tides as 

^ d X ::rhouartnoihi "* but 

‘Nfoi i 



Pennington Street, London El 9XN Tdephone: 01-481 4100 

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The simultaneous transfer of 
Nicholas Daniloff and 
Gennady Zakharov into the 
custody of their respective 
ambassadors has temporarily 
defused what threatened to 
become a new explosion of 
East-West acrimony. It may 
also have saved the second 
Reagan-Gorbachov summit 
meeting. But the calm in 
American-Soviet relations has 
been bought at a price, and 
that price may have been too 

By agreeing to trade the 
transfer of the US journalist 
for the Soviet scientist, the 
United States has for the first 
time acknowledged the 
equivalence of the two cases, 
ti No matter that the American 
Secretary of State. George 
Shultz, publicly rejected that 
interpretation. No matter that 
American spokesmen insist 
that the decision was taken on 
purely humanitarian grounds 
and that the issue is still wide 
open. No matter that Zak- 
harov might still face a trial in 
the US. The fact is that a 
parallel between Daniloff aCnd 
Zakharov has been made, and 
has been seen to be made, by 
the rest of the world. 

The US has gone back on its 
earlier statements. Its position, 
in principle and in practice, is 
no longer as strong as it was a 
week ago. Thau at least, is the 

There may be. in fact, a 
distinction between appear- 
ance and reality in this in- 
stance. In international 
diplomacy — especially where 
it touches the spectra) world of 
espionage — there often is. 
Daniloffs release from the. 
Lefortovo prison to the US 
Embassy compound may have 
been traded for something 
more substantial than bail for 
the Soviet scientist There may 
be more to one case - or the 
other — than will ever be 
made public. But the appear- 
ance suggests otherwise; and 
appearance or image is the 
stuff of international politics. 



T, i . 


Appearance suggests that by 
taking Daniloff . hostage the 
Soviet Union will eventually 
obtain for Zakharov a lesser 
penalty than his conduct mer- 
ited. And the reason appears to 
be a mutual acceptance on the 
part of the superpowers that 
their relations are too im- 
portant to be sacrificed to a 
dispute over lwo individuals. 

Superficially and generally, 
such a motive is reasonable. 
Should the future prospects for 
a more stable worldl currently 
hinged on the forthcoming 
summit, be jeopardized for the 
sake of one journalist and one 
scientist? Of course not. But 
that question as formulated 
obscures one vital aspect of the 
affair. This is that the Soviet 
Union has conducted itself in 
such a way as to invite the 
question of whether a Summit 
in present circumstances can 
be productive. 

The Soviet side, with or 
without Mr Gorbachov's say- 
so. resorted to hostage-taking. 
Whatever else is murky, the 
sequence of the Zakharov and 
Daniloff arrests makes, this 
quite clear. That the Russians 
would not release Daniloff for 
the sake of the summit, but 
insisted on a concession over 
Zakharov fust, suggests a dis- 
regard of wider international 
interests which is in- 
commensurate with the Soviet 
Union's responsibilities as a 
great power. 

It also suggests that the 
Soviet Union is more con- 
cerned about presenting a 
tough image to the worid than 
it is about actually talking. 

The United States, with its 
greater international con- 
fidence. was perhaps more 
capable of making a tactical 
retreat for the sake of an 
improved international cli- 
mate. It is instructive that 
those in the US administration 
whose primary concern was 
that President Reagan should 
meet Mr Gorbachov appear 
now to have achieved then- 
objective. But they sacrificed 

considerations in 

doing so. 

They have demonstrated, 
first, that the United States is 
prepared to make concessions 
simply in order to get to the 
summit table. That must 
weaken the American bargain- 
ing position since the Soviet 
side may feel able to extract 
further concessions by the 
threat of walking out. That 
calculation may be wrong. But 
the summit might fail on that 

, The nature of the American 
concession is hardly less 
significant It establishes a 
precedent that the the Soviet 
Union can bully the US 
administration into releasing a 
Soviet spy by taking any 
available American citizen as a 
hostage. In effect Moscow has 
established a system of spying 
without tears which rests upon 
the vulnerability of all US 
citizens, notably journalists, 
on Russian soiL Admittedly, a 
summit may not always be just 
ahead to exert additional pres- 
sure: but the desire for good 
East-West relations is a perma- 
nent element in Western pub- 
lic opinion. 

If the United States is 
prepared to place the inter- 
national climate above the 
reputation of one of its citi- 
zens. then it should have made 
clear the benefits of doing so 
much earlier; The tactical 
retreat would have been more 
convincing if the preli manes 
to an exchange had been 
broached earlier. As it was. the 
US administration wobbled 
indecisively. Having once in- 
sisted that the cases of Daniloff 
and Zakharov were in no way 
equivalent they would have 
done well to hold out for more. 
Instead, they gave away the 
point of principle they had 
initially declared sacred. The 
Solzhenitsyns of this worid 
whochide the west with lack of 
resolution in opposing the 
Soviet regime may not be 
entirely wrong, if a US-Soviet 
summit has been bought at the 
expense of so vital a principle. 


if the Royal- Navy’s warships 
leaked as often as its staff, the 
safety of the realm would be in 
jeopardy. While one cannot 
pre-judge the Whitehall in- 
quiry into the discovery of 
classified naval documents on 
a tow-path near Reading at the 
weekend, the timing — at the 
start of the party conference 
season — has already given 
grounds for some suspicion. 

Those sections which have 
been released are, as revela- 
tions, less than devastating. 
The documents, whose 
authenticity was confirmed by 
the Ministry of Defence last 
night, reflect well-known ser- 
vice concern over a diminu- 
tion in the size of the fleet with 
the prospective real decline in 
the defence budget through the 
1980's. This threatens the 
senior service in all three 
elements — below, upon and 
above the sea. 

In the last twelve months, 
there has been considerable 
speculation about the real 
effect that the slackening rate 
of building surface escorts and 
the burgeoning costs of new 

equipment could have on the 
Navy of the 1990s. The impact 
on the budget of finding 
replacements for the Royal 
Marines' major assault ships, 
and the interruption in the 
building programme for 
nuclear-powered attack sub- 
marines caused by the need to 
construct four giant new boats 
to cany the Trident missile — 
these have provided fertile 
ground for debate. In general, 
it became clear about two 
years ago that after seven fet 
years to 1986, the Ministry of 
Defence was about to begin 
seven lean ' ones. The docu- 
ment spells out a particularly 
gloomy interpretation of the 

As the Soviet Embassy reads 
British newspapers more 
assiduously, none of this will 
have been lost upon Red 
Square. At best, the documents 
as reported might confirm for 
the KGB the reliability of Fleet 
Street as a secondary source. 

The impact of this bizaire 
find is likely to be heavier on 
the Government’s constit- 
uency at home than on its 

enemies abroad. What the 
papers do is to underline the 
pressures which are building 
up on Britain's conventional 
forces at a time when ' the 
defence debate is reopening — 
and also at a time when the 
Whitehall battle for funds is 
getting under way. While it is 
hard to believe that any senior 
military bureacrat would go to 
such extraordinary lengths for 
the sake of a political lobby, 
the Ministry's reputation for 
judicious leaking is such that 
the possibility cannot be over- 

If so, it is doubly regrettable. 
Unless the documents contain 
more than has so far been 
released, their value to a 
foreign power may be limited. 
But that confidential docu- 
ments from such a sensitive 
Ministry could be so openly 
publicised is itself a serious 
matter. There is an argument 
for declassifying much of the 
material which at present fells 
into the “restricted” domain. 
But until the existing rules are 
changed, the Ministry must 
keep them. 


Let Mr Kinnock tremble. In 
the new classless, unisex multi- 
cultural worid that shapes 
today's political conflict a new 
kind of Tory is about to 
emerge heartened to fight the 
good fight against socialism — 
and equipped to do so with top 
quality leather goods. The 
Blue Rosette scheme, 
launched today by the Tory 
Party, is to raise money from 
the party faithful by offering 
them, at a discount every kind 
of lure from a good glass of 
claret to a holiday (and the 
luggage to go with, or to, it) 

Soon the true conservative 
-best defined in these fac- 
tional days as a Tory who pays 
his subscription by bankas* 
order — will be ready for 
anything from the washing up 
in the local committee room to 
keeping boredom away with a 
good book in the small hours 
while waiting for a recount 

Wearing a Conservative tie 
in quality silk, or a lady’s 
apron with matching tea towel 
(or quite possibly all three in 
such special circumstances as a 
nervous masculine wish to 
ward off the charge of sexism 
from Guardian women), he 
will be able to drink bis Earl 
Grey from a mug bearing the 
party emblem. Or as a histori- 
cal tribute to a past party 
leader, he can carry a specially 
supplied umbrella. Even at . 
Chnstmas the party will be in 

his thoughts m the form of a 
bagful of leather goods and 
other party products, with 
which he can sniff the nuclear 
family stockings. 

It used- to be supposed that 
while socialists lived and 
breathed politics (even their 
sex lives being more of a 
political gesture than a matter 
of personal fulfilment), the 
average Tory used politics for 
strictly non-political ends. In- 
deed, Tories avoided even 
political labels where they 
could, going under such guises 
as Ratepayers or Independents 
in local politics. 

From the knight of the shire 
to the suburban tobacconist, 
all were united round the 
thought that the best sort of 
voter cannot stand too much 
politics. Once it was agreed 
that socialism was beyond the 
pale, the least said or thought 
about current affairs the better. 
Even the Young Conser- 
vatives were contemptuously 
dismissed as nothing more 
than a matrimonial agency by 
foes who failed to see that this 
was much the best and most 
natural way of producing 
young Conservatives. 

All this, however, has long 
since changed. The Young 
Conservatives now luxuriate 
in some pretty controversial 
thinking (though their 
thoughts are not quite so 
controversial as those of the 
Federation of Conservative 

Students to whom not even 
Lord Stockton is sacred.) All 
sorts and conditions of 
Conservatives are into fecti on- 
fighting these days. Some have 
even developed a taste for 

' Now they will all be re- 
minded of their basic alle- 
giance by the party silk knick- 
knacks. emblematic mugs, and 
bulging hampers which will be 
scattered about their houses 
thanks to the Blue Rosette 
scheme. Commerce will unite 
where dogma divided. 

And when day is done, they 
can retire to bed with a good 
book. For the recent recruit, 
this might be the equivalent of 
the tittle red books issued 
under Labour auspices, or the 
diagnoses of Dr David Owen. 
But the true conservative has 
an alternative — one which 
harmonises with the old 
apolitical instincts of decent 
Tories. He can choose instead 
a rattling good yam by Mr 
Jeffrey Archer, specially signed 
by the author. 

Only one thing seems to be 
missing from this amazing 
representation of the modem 
ad-man*s presentational art 
the kind of information pack 
which comes through the very 
best from doors these days and 
which, in this instance, might 
even be used to provide an 
easily digestible account of the 
party's policies. 



Use of funds to study ‘cot deaths’ Level of crime 

From Mr Foul Ashton and Miss 
Baksho Sandhu 

Sir, In your editorial (September 
9) on the breakthrough by' foe 
medical researchers at Sheffield 
Children’s Hospital in discovering 
that an enzyme deficiency is 
present in some babies who die 
mysteriously of “rot deaths”, you 
rightly point out that establishing 
neo-natal screening for all new- 
born babies would be extremely 

You conclude, however, that 
there is, nevertheless, a good case 
for proceeding with such tests. We 
would question that conclusion 
and would argue that if fends were 
to become available for nation- 
wide screening there are alter- 
native, more cost-effective, uses 
for those resources in neo-natal 
and post-natal health care. 

The maximum number of ba- 
bies whose lives might be saved by 
identifying and treating MCAD 
(Medium Chain Acyl-coenzyme A 
dehydrogenase) deficiency is es- 
timated at between 5 and 10 
percent of the 1400 to 2,000 “cot 
deaths'* per year. Let' us say that 
ISO deaths might be prevented. 

The cost of carrying out tests fa 
the deficiency is put at over £250 
per case, though this might crane 
down to, say, £150 due to econo- 
mies of scale if mass-screening of 
an new-born babies - 700,000 per 
year — was introduced. 

The total cost of screening all 
babies, then, would be about £100 
million per year, or £700,000 per 
child life. In fact, however, the 
per-child cost would be even. 

higher than this, since possibly as 
many as half the 150 babies ax risk 
would be identified and treated at 
very little cost, now that the 
hereditary link has been, estab- 

Since -Dr Bennett and his team 
have shown that mothers who 
have already experienced one cot 
death are most at risk, tests could 
instead be confined to this group 
and to many of the “near-miss" 
cot death cases. Thus the true cost 
per child life of mass-screening 
would be well over £1 million. 

If there are additional resources 
available to tackle the problem of 
neo-natal deaths, we suggest that 
they should go into further re- 
search to find ways of pre v en tin g 
the other 90-95 percent of cot 
deaths and to increasing the 
number of staff in special baby 
care units, some of which have 
incubators and equipment lying 
idle while very sick babies are 
turned away. 

We feel sure that £100 million 
spent in this way would save many 
more babies than the net £70 
million to £80 million that might 
be saved fay mass neo-natal screen- 
ing for MCAD deficiency. 

Yours faithfully, 

PAUL ASHTON (Department of 
Economic and Business Studies); 
Economics Unit), 

University of Liverpool, 

Eleanor Rathbone Building, 
Myrtle Street, 

PO Box 147, Liverpool 
September 10. 

Bath, sin city ? 

From MrJ. T. Pearce 
Sir. In your issue of September 8 
you report on foe vice and crime, 
existing in 18th-century Bath. The 
Chief Inspector of Bath Police 
states that Bath is now more like 
sun city than sin city. 

Both my parents and both sets 
of grandparents were natives of 
Bath and as a boy. I had many 
happy visits to the riiy. So in June, 
to celebrate the 70th birthdays of 
my wife and myself we took my 
son and daughter and their 
spouses and our four grand- 
children to Bath for a nostalgic 

On the Friday night, after 
dinner, we decided on a walk in 
the centre of the city. Within 10 
yards of our hotel in Queen Square 
we were surrounded by drunken 
youths hurling abuse and pushing 
us off the pavement. 

When they passed on, and 

undeterred, we went further into 
the city centre. Here were more 
gangs of drunken youths blocking 
the thoroughfares and behaving in 

a really frightening manner. Out- 
ride the “discos” large and for- 
midable “bouncers” guarded 
every entrance. 

Defeated and quite afraid we 
returned to the hotel On the 
Saturday night conditions were 
even worse and we did not venture 

On neither of the two nights did 
we see a single policeman and the 
centre of the city seemed to have 
been surrendered to the “toughs". 

I wonder what the many Ameri- 
cans staying at the hotel made of it 

Yours feith&ny. 


21 Burn Bridge Road, 


North Yorkshire. . 

September 8. 

British library 

From Professor J. Mordaunt 

Sir. Lord Quinton's argument 
(September 10) is based on a 
fallacy: that the “totality” of the 
British Library's holdings can be 
stored and used on a single site. 
That is not the case now, and 
never will be. Indeed the plans for 
a new. library at St Pancras 
perpetuate the principle of 
fragmentation: the newspaper li- 
brary will remain at Colindale, 
and large sections of primed 
material are to be outfaoused in a 
separate depository in Islington. 

So why not save money — and 
make use of fine architecture at 
the same time — by keeping 
Certain categories of books at 

The Royal Library should re- 
main in the building designed to 
house it: Robert Smirke’s magnifi- 
cent King's Library. And Sydney 
Smirke'5 round reading room 
might continue to fulfil its destiny 

— with or without a linking tunnel 

- as a noble home for early works 
in the humanities. 

Such a compromise would 
make the best of the unhappy 
situation created by the rejection 
of Professor Colin Si John 
Wilson’s previous scheme — de- 
signed in conjunction with Sir 
Leslie Martin — for a new British 
Library in Bloomsbury in front of 
the British Museum. 


55 Gloucester Avenue, 

Regent's Park. NW]. 

September 10. 

‘Thatcher’s children’ 

From Mr Paul Carroll . 

Sir. Having reached the ripe old 
age of 29 1 do not qualify as one of 
“Thatcher's children". But when 
personal differences drove me and 
my parents apart and myself on to 
the streets of London (aged 1 7) to 
witness the Dickensian under- 
world that thrives there my apathy 
set in. despite an intense interest 
in politics rince junior school age. 

This sentiment has only been 
reinforced over the years, having 
written to some most eminent 
politicians (on both sides of the 
House), sending material (often 
pictures) with SAFs and request 
for their return, often never to get 
even an acknowledgement. 

But my most exasperating 
experience came after foe reading 
of a feature about Britain's many 
under-nourished children 
prompted me to write to a leading 
8nti-poverty pressure group, 
explaining how one could feed 
well a family of four thrice daily, 
using several simple recipes, for 
no more than £28 per week. 

1 was told that “the publication 
of such material would result in 
every Tory back-bencher in the 
Commons waving it as evidence 
that supplementary benefits were 
ample and need not be increased" 
and. therefore, it could not be 
made use of. - 

Yours apathetically. 


62 Chelsea Reach Tower. 

BJantyre Street SW10. 

September 6.. 

Forbidden fruits 

From Dr M. S. Davies 
Sir. Still on the subject of weeds 
and verges (Mr Holland, Septem- 
ber 2). while walking the length of 
Hadrian's Wall from Newcastle to 
Carlisle at this time of year two 
years ago. I was struck by the large 
number of huge mushrooms along 
the verges of the Military Way (the 

I like to imagine that these are 
the defiant progeny of past deli- 
cacies enjoyed by the centurions 
on this bleak northern border of 
the Roman Empire, having sur- 
vived the ages and now thriving 

on a 20ih century diet- of tar 
chippings. hardcore, regular win- 
ter “gritting" and cigarette ends 
and all (he other debris hurled 
from passing vehicles. 

As to whether they are still a 
delicacy. I doubt whether anyone 
knows, for it is too hazardous to 
stop and pick them as the traffic 
hurtles along the narrow Roman 
road as it stretches away straight 
into the distance. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Forest 

Cran brook, Kent 
September 3. 

EEC-Japan trade 

Front Lord Stoddart of Swindon 
Sir. Mr Brinkhofst's reply 
(September 1) to James, Bourlet 
(August 1 1) concerning trade with 
Japan is typical of the overbearing 
arrogance we have come to expect 
from apparatchiks of foe Com- 
mon Market. 

In 1985 foe UK's deficit in 
manufactures with the EEC ap- 
proached foe frightening figure of 
£9.000 million, many times 
greater than the deficit with Japan 
or with any other country for that 
matter. Furthermore, the restric- 
tive trade policies of the European 
Community not only obstruct the 
trading position of Britain but in 
some respects also encourages the 
manufacture of certain goods 
outside this country with con- 
sequent damage to employment 

For Mr Brinkhorsi's informa- 
tion i visited Japan in 1985 with 
the House of Lords Select 
Committee on Overseas Trade 

and I must tell him that the whole 
of our delegation was, first of all, 
impressed by the courtesy and 
professionalism of the ambas- 
sador and his staff We were also 
impressed by their knowledge and 
understanding of Japan, its people 
and institutions and, above all, by 
their commercial expertise in 
relation to Japanese business and 
foe potential fen- exploiting and 
penetrating the Japanese market 
Given foe choice (which I 
unfortunately no longer have) I 
would prefer to trust the British 
Embassy in Japan to look after the 
UK's trading interest than Mr 
Brinkhorst and bis delegation and 
that also goes for our trading 
interests elsewhere in the world, 
the management of which. Mr 
Brinkhorst is proud to boast, has 
been wrested from Britain by the 
EEC. My guess is that so would a 
majority of British people. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

September 4. 

on television 

From Dr H. Hillman 
Sir. There has been much dis- 
cussion about the extent of vi- 
olence seen in television 
programmes, and its possible ef- 
fect on the crime rate. However, I 
would like to express a wider 
concern, which may well be shared 
by other readers. 

I strongly object to the large 
number of programmes on mur- 
der. crime, prisons, police and 
fraud — even when no violence is 
seen. I regard many of these 
programmes as creating the feeling 
among the public that murder, 
crime and fraud are major and 
acceptable pursuits of a substan- 
tial proportion of the population. 

In my view, they are not, and 
the massive output by what is 
inevitably one of ute most influen- 
tial segments of our education 
system gives the impression that 
they are. Can nothing be done to 
reverse this unwholesome trend? 
Yours faith fiillv. 

Unity Laboratory of Applied 

University of Surrey. 

Guildford. Surrey. 


Douglas-Home trust 

From the Patrons and Trustees of 
the Charles Douglas-Home 
Memorial Trust 

Sir. The tragic death of Charles 
Douglas-Home at the height of his 
powers deprived journalism of 
one of its most energetic and vital 
talents. As Ediior.of The Times he 
was a help and support to young 
journalists and a passionate de- 
fender of free speech and free 

He went out ofhis way to ensure 
that widely differing views were 
expressed in the columns of The 
Times so that the political debate 
was enriched and the foundations 
of democracy strengthened. 

To commemorate the life of this 
remarkable man and to perpetuate 
his work a memorial trust is being 
founded with the aim of uphold- 
ing a concern for truth, accuracy, 
and open discussion. Its purpose 
to begin with will be to provide an 
annual scholarship for a writer, 
researcher or joumalisL 
It is planned to advertise for 
applicants, with a specific subject 
or area of research being proposed. 
An independent body of judges 
will make recommendations from 
applications received, and The 
Times, whose Editor will be an ex- 
officio trustee, intends to publish 
excerpts from work undertaken. 

We hope this trust will be a 
lasting memorial to Charles Doug- 
las-Home and that his friends, 
colleagues and admirers will lend 
it their support Those wishing to 
contribute may do so by writing to 
the secretary to the trust Barbara 
Day, 53 St Donatt's Road, Lon- 
don SE14 6NU. 



























Listing of houses 

From Mr Peter <7. Elphick 
Sir. Recently the Department of 
the Environment informed me 
that my house had been included 
in the statutory list of buildings of 
special architectural or historic 
interest and that the listing had 
already taken legal effect The 
inference in the department’s 
letter was that I had no right of 

I do not know who the inspector 
was. but I do know that in the 
North-east (and. I understand, 
nationally) these inspectors are 
recommending listing of almost 
anything which looks as if ft had 
been built before the end of the 
1 9th century. Certainly my house 
is not worth listing, and. I have 
told the department why. 

However, when the Housing 
and Planning Bill was debated in 
the House of Lords on July 30. 
1986. Lord Elton replied to the 
question of appeals against listing 
raised by Viscount Ridley, and he 

My noble friend . . . rightly said that 
Such an appeal exists. It is true that it 
is not generally known. I was 
advised that this was the case when 1 
took office and I then arranged that 
everyone whose house was sub- 
sequently listed should be advised 
that iTho felt it was wrongly listed he 
had but to send his reasons to my 
right honourable friend to have it 
reviewed and. if appropritc. struck 
off the list .. . 

Anyone who feels aggrieved 
should appeal by writing to the 
Department of the Environment, 
Room 18, Lambeth Bridge House. 
London. SE1 7SB. 

Yours faithfully. 


Ridley Mill House. 



August 14. 


SEPTEMBER 15 1806 

The “great pleasure" proclaimed 
in this leading article on the 
capture of Buenos Avres Oft June 
27 was short lived: it uw retaken 
by the Spaniards in August. In 
July the following year General 
Whitelocke, in command of 8,000 
troops, failed to regain the town, 
lost 2,500 men in the attempt, and 
had to suffer a humiliating 
surrender. On his return to 
England Whitelocke uas court- 
martialed, found guilty and 
cashiered. The Cepe of Good Hope 
references are to the capture by 
the British of that colony m 

January 1806 


It is with great pleasure that we 
lay before our readers the Gazette 
Extraordinary of Saturday last, 
which announces the surrender of 
Buenos Ayres to the British arms. 
This conquest is highly important 
from its intrinsic value, but still 
more so from the circ ums t anc es 
which attended it, and from the 
very critical time in which it is 
made known to the British public 
and to Europe. There can hardly be 
a doubt that the whole colony of La 
Plata will share the Bame late as 
Buenos Ayres; and from the flatter- 
ing hopes held out to the inhabit- 
ants in the proclamation of 
General Beresford, they will see 
that it is their true interest to 
become a colony of the British 

The cimunstances which at- 
tended this success, are in the 
highest degree honourable to the 
British name, and to the character 
of our brave army. Here, as at the 
Cape of Good Hope, the enemy 
abandoned their excellent posi- 
tions, when they perceived the 
British troops advancing resolutely 
to the charge. 

The capture of the Cape of Good 
Hope, however, was effected by an 
expedition evidently adequate to 
the object The capture of Buenos 
Ayres, on the other hand, was 
mwfa by a very inferior force, 
relying merely on its courage. The 
whole body of British troops, 
marines, and sailors, that landed 
did not amount to 1700 men. The 
Spaniards, to the number of 2000, 
according to General 

BERESFORD, (or 4000, as magni- 
fied by Sir HOME POPHAM) 
were strongly posted on heights, 
and the only mode of approaching 
them was through a morass. The 
enemy also had, as in the battle of 
Maida, a fell knowledge of the 
inferiority of the force that was 
attacking them- General 

BERESFORD states “that the 
enemy, from his position, could 
have counted every man he had." 
Notwithstanding all those advan- 
tages, they would not venture to 
await the attack of the British 
troops, and abandoned the impor- 
tant city of Buenos Ayres to an 
inferior army. •' 

The country stands now on a 
much prouder footing than it has 
done rince the Negotiation with 
France commenced. In Calabria, 
the excellence and superiority of! 
the British troops have been shewn 
to the enemy and to all Europe. By 
our success in La Mata, where a 
small British detachment has tak- 
en one of the greatest and richest of 
the Spanish colonies, BUONA- 
PARTE must be convinced that 
nothing but a speedy peace can 
prevent the whole of Spanish 
America from being wrested from 
his influence, and placed for ever 
under the protection of the British 
Empire. What region of the habit- 
able world could he then look to for 
“ships, colonies, and commerce?" 
There is an other circumstance 
attending this succ es s, which 
distinguishes our Army as much 
for its generosity, as foT its superior 
bravery and discipline. While the 
French armies plunder and ruin 
every country (hostile, friendly, or 
neutral) which they set their feet 
upon, the British army gives up, 
even to its enemies, that wealth 
which the laws of war had made its 
own . . . Such unexampled gener- 
osity and moderation will doubt- 
less make the inhabitants of the 
Spanish colonies wish to be con- 
nected with Great Britain. By such 
an union we should have a never- 
failing market for our commod- 
ities, and our enemies would be for 
ever deprived of the power of, 
adding the resources of those rich 
countries to their other means of 
annoying us. 

In the belfry? 

From Mrs Josephine de Goris 
Sir, Mr Hany Porter (September 
10) asks which species of owl 
(stuffed) would be most effective 
in deterring bats from bis church, 
and where it should be placed. 

The late vicar of St Margaret's 
Church. Binsey. the Reverend 
Arnold MaJlinson, attempted this 
remedy in 1951, when the organist 
found she was playing white notes 
on the harmonium thinking they 
were black such was the depth of 
bat droppings. But there were 
other problems: people came regu- 
larly to say that there was an owl 
trapped in the church, and once 
one was found perched on the 
pulpit, as though preaching a 

After that it was nailed down to 
the top of the newel post on the 
comer of foe vestry screen, high 
up at the back of the church where 
it would not distract the congrega- 

Yours faithfully, 


The Chantry. 

Park Lane. Appleton. 

Abingdon. Oxfordshire. 

From Mr. D. LawrenceJones 
Sir, Mr Potter will have to be 
careful about stuffed owls. We too 
are troubled by bats: some years 
ago. we obtained and set up a 
stuffed owl but it appeared to be 
so similar to our dear Rector of the 
time {de mortuis) that we had to 
withdraw iL The bats remain. 
Yours faithfully. . 

(Church Warden). 

All Saints’ Church. Retiendon. 
Chelmsford. Essex. 





Clifford Longley 

Educating for this world - or the next 



September 14: Divine service 
was held in Craihie Parish 
Church this morning. 

The Sermon was preached by 
the Rev David Lunan. 

Sep i cm her 13: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Marie Phillips, today 
opened the new National Canoe 
Slalom and White Water Course 
at the Holm Pierrepont Na- 
tional Water Sports Centre, 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen’s 
Flight and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord- Lieutenant for 
Nottinghamshire (Sir Gordon 
Hobday) and the Chairman of 
the Water Sports Centre Joint 

Birthdays today 

The Rev Professor P.R. 
Ackrovd. 69: Mr R.A.S. Anted. 
69; Mr C. Bone. 60: Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir Waller Bromley- 
Davenpcn. 83: General Eva 
Burrows. 57; Dame Sylvia 
Crowe. 85; Lord Eden of Win- 
ton. 61; Genera] Sir Victor 
FitzGcorge-Balfour, 73; Dr 
Richard Gordon, 65: Sir Philip 
Harris, 44; Miss Margaret 
Lockwood. 70: Miss Jessye Nor- 
man. 41; Viscount Norwich. 57; 
Sir Clive Rose. 65: Lady 
Soamcs. 64: Sir Richard Way. 
72: Sir John Williams, 64. 

Service dinners 

820 Naval Air Squadron 
Officers of 820 Naval Air 
Squadron who served in HMS 
Invincible during the Falklands 
Campaign. 1982. dined at j 
Trcgcnna Castle on Friday, 
Sepiember 12. Commander 
RJ.S. Wykes-Sncyd. RN, pre- j 
sided and Rear-Admiral JJ. 
Black was the guest of honour. , 

2nd King Edward VTTs Own 1 
Goorkhas : 

The Delhi dinner of the Sirmoor ( 
Club was held at Queen Eliza- *] 
beth Barracks. Church i 
Crookham, Hampshire, on Sat- < 
urday. Field Marshal Sir Edwin r 
Bramall. Colonel of the Regi- j 
menu presided. r 

Management Committee (Mr 
N. Sarsfidd). 

Mrs Andrew Feilden was in 

, September 13: Mrs Patrick 
' Campbell-Preston has suc- 
ceeded Lady Jean Rankin as 
Lady-in-Wailing to Queen 
Elizabeth The Queen Mother. 

September 14: The Prince of 
Wales. Colonel-in-Chief. 2nd 
King Edward VIPs Own 
Goorkhas (The Sirmoor Rifles) 
today attended the Delhi Day 
Parade and the 2nd Battalion 
Centenary Celebrations at 
Queen Elizabeth Barracks, 
Church Crookham. Hampshire. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson was in attendance. 

Prince Henry of Wales is two 

Fulbright fellow 

Mr David Newsom, the former 
American Ambassador to 
Libya. Indonesia, and the Phil- 
ippines. today becomes the first 
John Adams memorial fellow in 
international relations. The 
award has been made by the 
Fulbright Commission to 
commemorate the bicentenary 
of the appointment of John 
Adams as the first American 
Minister in London. Mr 
Newsom will be based at Chat- 
ham House. 


The following have been ap- j 
pointed Deputy Lieutenants for . 
Greater London: i 

Judge Batierbury, Brigadier P.G - 
Bowser, Mr RJ.L. Bramble, Mr 
NJ. de Silva Dev a -Adilya. Mr 
B.H. Caesar-Gordon, Mr H. 
Gould, Mr 1. Harrington. Mr J. 

N. Harrington, Group Captain 
P.L. Harris. Major D.N.I. 
Pearce. Brigadier B.C. Ridley, g 
Colonel G.D. Sprart, Mr S.M. H 
Springer, Mr M.F. Sione frost, i 
Major-Genera] MJ.H. Walsh f 
and Mr D.EJL Wood. j 

Other appointments include: la 

The Rev Dr Stephen Orchard to * 
be General Secretary of the 

By any measure the Roman Catholic 
Church's achievement in creating a na- 
tional network of Catholic schools is a 
remarkable one, represeminga vast invest- 
ment in effort and money. 

But it has long been a matter of 
argument, with conflicting evidence, 
i whether the investment was justified by 
results. Similar questions are also some- 
times asked about the Church of England's 
own network of church schools, with 
similarly uncertain answers. 

Research by such bodies as the Culhara 
College Institute (for Church Related 
Education) has thrown some new light on 
these mysteries. It is beginning to emerge, 
for instance, that the Church of England 
system is less successful than the Catholic 

One study has even suggested that a 
typical Church of England school’s impact 
on a typical pupil produces a more 
negative attitude towards Christianity 
than an ordinary state schopL Were this 
true, the Church of England would 
presumably improve its overall standing 
among the younger generation just by 
closing its schools or transferring them to 
the state sector. 

The same study found that Catholic 
schools, on the other hand, h ad a 
significantly favourable effect on pupil 
attitudes towards Christianity. 

It is not dear what this difference 
between the two systems means; and it 
may not necessarily mean that there is 
anything wrong with schools in the Church 
of England system. If selection and entry 
criteria are different, as they seem to be, 
and if the motives of parents for sending 
their children To such schools are different 
too. as they may be, then it is possible they 
are failing for other reasons. 

It is perhaps the case that a school which 
produces a positive attitude to Christianity 
in pupils from religiously committed 
homes will at the same time, and by the 
same means, produce a negative attitude 
in pupils from religiously indifferent 

Nothing much appears to be known 
about parental motivation, but common 
observation suggests that a Church of 
England school is often regarded by 
parents as more desirable than a state 
school for reason which have tittle to do 
with religion, more to do with class. 

In the C&ihohc case, it may well be the 
other way round. In other words parents 
want their children in Church of England 
schools to give them a better chance mthis 
world; parents warn them in Caiholic 
a*® 01 * l °®* e a better chance in the 
rpL And these reasons feed through to 
the children themselves, and influence the 
way they react. 

The Cutham Institute has now pub- 
lished further research which may throw 
another gleam of light on it. With 
cooperation from the Caiholic system - 
Culham is an Anglican foundation - Dr 
Leslie Francis has investigated the dif- 

fnnMvo hnTirmi— -• -W ~ r ■« 

Pupils without that contact, exposed in 
other words to Catholicism through school 
alone, tend to be unfrvouiablly disposed 
towards it. That throws tight also on the 
Church of England school system's less 
satisfactory performance, for it can be 


Photographic chronicles 
of the belle epoque 

M Jaeques-Henri Lartigue, they would rujvc 
■ho diedin hospital Nice 

they would have been by the 
lens of the professional. 

But it was a love ofctegance, 
especially of elegant women. 

SEfcr panted*^ .*■ srokliS ™ SaaSetlUUhs age of But it .was* loveomcgance, 

proportion of pupils in such a school will g? only comparatively especially of elc^m^omtw. 

be involved m the life of the focal parish irJSJfhSLme recorarized as which was to become the 
chuich - IST^f informing enthusiasm of his 

So leadline Christianrtv as a classroom nfthp nmiurv. work. No technician in the 

^teaching Christianity as a classroom photographers of the century, work. No technictanm tnc 
subject, without any experience of it as a H v£SL: n *j, e strictest sense a proiessional sense (many oi 
community of faith, may perhaps produce Lartigue was his photographs remain frank 

ui pupils minds nothing but a caricature- w for snapshots), nc was neverthes 

image. If teachers themselves belong to liable to communicate. 


There is a taboo to be faced if Catholic Jaeques-Henri Lartigue was van; sanding coolly, hands on 
schools want to take seriously the prob- bom the son of a banker at hips, her superb figure set off 
lems associated with taking significant Courbevoie, on the outskirts by the latest in summer fash- 

ofParis,on June 13. 1894. His ion; or laughing recklessly at 
lapsed Catholic . felher g-y- his first the camera trom the front seal 

thinking,' nevertheless d£F hart among camera at the age of seven. His of a sportscar. 

ordinary people: and it implies a degree of first pictures were what one cffoiricss inttma^ wmch 

spiritual and moral failure. might have expected of a Lartigue felt with all women 01 

So the notion of accommodating the child: Mama and Papa, Nanny her type. „ . . 

school curriculum better to cope with > n the ^ garden, dianes of After his d’scovciy 
them, particularly in the sensitive area of seaside holidays. Americans. Lartigue louna 

religious education iiself, will meet But these soon revealed a • himself with a wider reputa- 
resistance. talent for catching people at tion. An official portrait of 

It would actually be easier for Catholic revealing moments. TTie Bois Valery Giscard D*Estaing 

and also a love of Lartigue's. 
Draped revcalingly on a di- 
van; standing coolly, hands on 
hips, her superb figure set off 
by the latest in summer fash- 
ion; or laughing recklessly at 
the camera from the front scat 

KtaVStTpI image. Ifteachcrs th^ves belong to liable 10 communicate, 

from religioiidycommiMdSreLirtlSv *•* church community, which is likely, photography without raving ^ candour of 

IS and ’'''■e 011 * they may not even be aware of ihi, failure to rely on it for ha live). hood. d^nMgh UK surer OTroorm 

. . . , uubeir catechetical methods. And it was only tn 1963, ins treatment, w 

it,^Lh rkm r e I ,Ur ?b' mthe one sysiem. . .... through his first major exhi hi- sensuousness which he saw as 

thereby cUminaang diferenccs such as Dr Francis siggKts that the traditional [^Xihe Museum of Mod- dwelling in the heart of 
those already mentioned, be has found role of such schools as an extension of the „ JL“& iUvSS that he woman's nature, 

that Catholic pupils from non-practising life oT the parish, which they still are to a em Art, New Yoric that he w wnan s naiu ^ 

homes receive a decidedly less favourable large extent, may need to be re-examined stood revealed as an evocative Tnts »ce tig indies 

impression of Christianity from their once such schools open their doors to chronicler of the lives of the height tn some ^oflhe «uc toes 

Catholic school than pupils from practis- children from non-cburch-aticnding elegant mischievous women he made tn tne ivjvs m ™ 

mg homes. Pupils from practising homes homes. The alternative is to shrink the whoformed part of his circle allunng Renee rale, mistress 

where the vanety of Christianity is not system down until it is only large enough ; n th e France of the belie of the Pasha of Marrakesh, 

Catholic, also receive a more negative to take children from church attending JLz* and of deux and also a love of Lartigue’s, 

impression. homes. guerres. Draped revcalingly on a di- 

. “ a result of some practical There is a taboo to be freed if Catholic 5 Jaeques-Henri Lartigue was van; standing coolly, hands on 

importance for the Catholic system, for schools want to take seriously the prob- bom the son of a banker at hips, her superb figure set off 

With oiling school rolls most of them are lems associated with tatting significant Courbevoie. on the outskirts by the latest in summer fash- 

farther out from their core numbers of pupils from non-practising of Paris, on June 13. 1894 His ion; or laughing recklessly at 

of committed supporters, in order to homes. The idea of the “lapsed Catholic” gf ran* mi June ij. ioj*. .T. the front stsa 

mamtain pupil nZbera. WtothS now foiling out offtvoto fooffidai “w m tateta J 

schools were full or over-fon. selection thinking, nevertheless dies ban) among camera at the age of seven. His ofa sportscar. sne^convcysinc 

criteria could tor used 10 pick out the ordinary people: and it implies a degree of first pictures were what one cfTorocss intimacy wmen 

“most deserving” cases, those from homes spiritual and moral failure. might have expected of a Lartigue fdt with all women of 

where wwkly mass attenduice was the So the ooiioi or accommodring Ac child: Mamaand Papa, Nanny ^ ^ 

school curriculum better to cope with ,n the garden, dianes of After his ^ ^ 

Now ihey tend to have no difficulty in them, particularly in the sensitive area of seaside holidays. Americans. Lartigue louna 

taking pupils from soolled lapsed Catbo- religious education iiselfl will meet But these soon revealed a- himself with a wider reputa- 

Iic families (though how lapsed a family is resistance. talent for catching people at tion. Ad official portrait of 

chiId^?OD(?to^!L^? t ThJ b hi.i^ 11 would actually be easier for Catholic revealing moments. The Bois Valery Giscard D’Estaing 
also begun ro^ncwuage^ildrera from adapt themselves to pupils from de Boulogne where chic worn- brought him considerable ce- 

church -attending fomilies of other de- church-attending families of other de- en promenaded, or the beach lebnty in France. _ 

nominations! loyalties. But Dr Francis n ora 1 nations. They could at least expea a at Biarritz where sun bathers. Then, his autobiographical, 

found that this has a definitely negative of ecumenical courtesy, and sen- lovers and harrassed parents Diary erf a Century (1971). 

effect. 1 °^ t j nce '_ were to be caught in mental as placed a generous selection of 

His results suggest, to an extent not lapsed eSiolics hawnghts of their own, wdl as phyacal deshabUle, his pho togi^s beforca wida 

before appreciated, that Caiholic schools and need some treatment other than were nch fields for an eye audience, revealing Ute es- 

are dependent on the life of the active emphatic steps aimed at de-lapsing them which delighted in the idio- sence of his art - in the words 

Catholic community in tbe as quickly as possible, will raise tricky syncretic and ibe unexpected, of one critic: “spontaneous 

neighbourhood, and they presuppose dose questions of Catholic identity for which His subjects, too, were less Gallic vivacity and visual 

ffi^ y J I ^ fc OT S tact v beIW ® en P** 1 ” 15 *** the Catholic community may not yet be apt to be alarmed by the charms entirely unperverted 

the local pansh church. ready. 

So the notion of accommodating the 
school curriculum better to cope with 
them, particularly in the sensitive area of 
religious education itself will meet 

It would actually be easier for Catholic I revealing moments. The Bois 
schools to adapt themselves to pupils from 1 de Boulogne where chic wom- 
church-a trending families of other de- | en promenaded, or the beach 
r .ns, They • • - . 

After his “discovery” by tbe 
Americans. Lartigue found 
himself with a wider reputa- 
tion. An official portrait of 
Valery Giscard D'Esiaing 
brought him considerable ce- 
lebrity in France. 

Then, his autobiographical. 

nominations. They could at least expea a at Biarritz where sun bathers. Then, his autobiographical, 
degree of ecumenical courtesy, and sen- | overs and harrassed parents Diary erf' a Century <1971). 

1 _ 0 ^°? n n 3t i nce ’ were to be caught in mental as placed a generous selection of 

as phyacal dahabiUe. his photographs beforca wider 

lapsed Catholics have rights of their own, 
and need some treatment other than 
emphatic steps aimed at de-lapsing them 
as quickly as possible, will raise tricky 
questions of Catholic identity for which 
the Catholic community may not yet be 

Prince to head Douglas-Home trust 

1 u Prion W.U I... TL. u r .... 

were rich fields for an eye 
which delighted in the idio- 
syncratic and the unexpected. 

His subjects, too, were less 
apt to be alarmed by the 
curiosity of a small boy, than 

audience, revealing the es- 
sence of his art - in the words 
of one critic: “spontaneous 
Gallic vivacity and visual 
charms entirely unperverted 
by mercantile pressures”. 

The Prince of Wales has 
agreed to become president of a 
new trust to commemorate the 
late Charles Douglas-Home 
(pictured), the former editor of 
The Tunes, who died from caucer 
last year, aged 48 (John Yonag 

Its first purpose will be to 

The idea for tbe trust came is bed the truth and free speech, 
from Mr _ Douglas- Home’s and we have tried to devise a 
widow , Jessica, after she was memorial which we think will 
urged by friends and coUeagues not only reward but also promote 
to establish something that good journalism. 

would remain a tastizm tribute. 

Xtntma . “Although Charlie took a 

Amo ng nise who have ac- special interest m helping vouua 
cepted . to become journalists, the awari^riD^ 

srss ± 'S tales’ 

Memorial service 

Mr E.W. Moult 
The Bishop of Derby pro- 
nounced the blessing at a me- 
morial service for Mr E.W. 
(Ted) Moult held on Saturday in 
Derby Cathedral. Canon Ian 
Gatford officiated, assisted by 
the Archdeacon of Derby. Mr 
William Moult, son, and Miss 
Anna Moult, daughter, read the 
lessons. Dorn Felix Stephens 

John M. Sutcliffe. 001 

ssj-dSSt? & a -^rs , isjK 

Pickup, ihc new programme or Extracts f wilL °if 

care professions. 

Latest wills 

Mr Geoffrey Hanger, of 
Tiichmarsh, Northampton- 
shire, left estate valued at 
£1 ,099,844 net He left his estate 
mostly to relatives. 

Mr David Dimbleby, the 
broadcaster and one of the 
trustees, said it was hoped to 
raise between £150,000 and 
£200,000 from friends and 
well wishers. That would be 
enough to provide “a fairly 
substantial fellowship”, which 
would make it financially worth- 

lessons. Dorn 
gave an address. 

Mr Edward Charles Joseph, of I while for the person concerned 

I onJnn MU/I V IaA 1 I -_u__ ■ .. 

London. NWII, left estate val- 
ued at £720,835 neL 

to lake six or nine months leave 
of absence. 

the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
the Lord Chancellor, the Prime 
Minister, the Chief Rabbi, Lord 
Goodman, Lord Annan, Lord 
Blake, Lord Grimond, Lord 
Home of the Hired. Sir Georg 
Solti. Sir George Christie, Mr 
Alfred Brendel, Sir Laurens van 
der Post, Sir William Rees- 
Mogg, Mr David Owen. Mr 
David Steel, Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch and Mr Bernard Levin. 

“Charlie's tremendous guts 
and courage during his illnpw 
left us all with a great sense of 
pride and warmth”, Mr 
Dimbleby said. ”We remember 
him as a man of great indepen- 
dence and originality, who cfaw- 

Bfrths, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

people. It might, for example, go 
to a retired person, say a doctor 
or' a teacher or a lawyer, who 
would like to write something 
about his profession either in a 
book or a series of articles, but 
would not otherwise have the 
means to undertake the re- 

"We want to keep as wide and 
flexible a brief as possible, and 
we intend to be completely 
apolitical. Although the trust 
will be closely associated with 
The Times; tbe judges wiD be 
independent of the paper. The 
main thing is Oat it should be 
Something worthy of Quurfie”. 

Those wishing to contribute 

should write to die trust’s sec- 
retary, Barbara Day, 53 Si 
Donatt’s Road, London SEJ4 


Mr Owen Vaughan Jones, the pioneer of a system at that 
FRCS, FRCOG, an obstetri- time unique, but now a gener- 
dan who pioneered a system al pattern, of peripheral clinics 
of rural care for pregnant for pregant women in remote 
women, died on September 4 rural areas, 
at Bangor, North wales. He His interests outside medi- 
as 78. cine were wide; he was vice- 

“OV“ as he was known to president of the University 
is friends throughout the College of North Wales, Ban- 
ledical profession, was bom gor, and from 1981 to 1985, 

. Lianduwdwrog. near Caer- chairman of its council, 
trvon, on December 27. In (984 be published a 
X)7. He attended the County history book based on the 
friool at Caernarvon, and Caernarvon and Anglesey ln- 
aduated in medicine at the firmary — now demolished — 
diversity of Liverpool entitled The Progress o/Medi- 

He went to Bangor, in 1 937, cine: A History of the Coemar- 
1 start an obstetrical and von and Anglesey Infirmary. 
maecological service at the He was interested in all 
aernarvonshire and Angle- aspects of Welsh affairs and 
y Hospital and at St David's was a member of innumerable 
ospital at Bangor. He was Welsh societies including the 
e first full-time consultant Court of tbe National Eistedd- 
edical man in North Wales fod. Of kindly, radiant and 
id it was he who initiated gen indisposition he breathed 
is service. enthusiasm into every cause 

He is generally regarded as he took up. 

at Bangor, North Wales, He 
was 78. 

“OV" as he was known to 
his friends throughout the 
medical profession, was bom 
at Lianduwdwrog, near Caer- 
narvon, on December 27. 
1 907. He attended the County 
School at Caernarvon, and 
graduated in medicine at the 
University of Liverpool 

He went to Bangor, in 1937, 
to start an obstetrical and 
gynaecological service at the 
Caernarvonshire and Angle- 
sey Hospital and at St David’s 
Hospital at Bangor. He was 
the first full-time consultant 
medical man in North Wales 
and it was he who initiated 
this service. 

He is generally regarded as 

£4 a Rk + 15* VAT 

I minimum .1 lines) 

Annnumvmcniv. aulhcnliralcd to* ihc 
name and permanem addreu of ihc 
tender. ma> he wni 10 : 

PO BOX 484 

S inia Street 
on El 9XS 

nr k'k’phnrvd |K li-k-phtxk- subv- 
«bei\ until io: 01-4*1 3024 

1 nmiumrmaiii on be received hv 
k'fcrphtnve hetuevn ‘UHfcim and 
5 Monday to Fndav on Saiur- 
frJ PiBg and 12 noun. 

(01-481 4000 «h|. Fur publication ihc 
lulloMrinf day hv 1.30pm. 

™ i nun and Social Page tea In 
+ lint VAT, 

« nun and Social Pape annnocvmcnis 
ran nni he acix-ncd hv K-topbonc 
Enuuiru-v icr 01-822 9953 
•alter liL.hbmi. nr vend in. 

1 Pemgtoo Shad. Lmdon Et 9XH, 

Plrav- allow ai kaM -W hours hefnne 

Hh-vvi-,1 r. In- Hul ■ miviiU-ri-m llw DOW lhi> 

I ■•111 will aiPiiw-r lum in linn- « lioubk-. 
I^nilni .11 I 


BLAXALL • On September aih. to Jean 
•iwv Gruni-NclMni and dirts, a von. 
James Alexander Christopher, a 
brother (or Claire and Emma. 
DIXIE ■ On September 8th. at Odstock 
Hovptial. Salisbury- Io Grahamc and 
Helen inee Blnnsi. a daughter. Laura 
Mary, a s**Ut for Alec. 

GALLOP on September 12th to Julia 
r nee CKviiei and Nicholas a son 
Hugh Alexander Colvile a brother 
for Kale and Georgina. 

NEWBY on September I2ih io Helen 
ince Crctneviand David, a son Mark, 
and a daughter Caroline. 

WALLACE On September 11th in Dub- 
lin. io Sara inee Park) and Billy a 
second son ctimtopher Daud 


ANDERSON • On September HUi. 
peacefully. Colonel Patrick Francis 
Andmon MC. the Devonshire Regi- 
menl irel'd). dcarlv loved brother of 
XoronJca Turner. Funeral privalc. 
BELL - On September I2in. 1986. 
Judge Philip ingress Bed. al 
Groumrough. East Sussex, husband 
of Ihe lair Agnes, loving falher of 
Julian. Susan and Rodney and much 
loved grandpa Funeral Scnl«? at 
Herrons Chyli Church, on Thursday. 
Scptomber IBIh. at 2 30pm. Enqui- 
ries w Paul Bji'souih Funeral 
Services. Tei Crowborough 6000 
BRADY - On 1 ilh September. 1986. 
suddenly but peacefully al home. 
Elmbcm Mary, in her 77th year. 
Adored widow of Noel, beloved 
mother of Rosemary and Terence, 
cherished and wonderful grand- 
mother to Candida. Patrick. William 
and Matthew, funeral at 10*5 am 
on Wednesday. 17th SoDtember at 
Si. Catherine's Church. Mon [acute. 
Family flowers only. Donations for 
Si MargaroTs Somerset Hosmce. 
Taunton, and enaulrles c/o CJt. 
Cook & Son. Funeral Directors. Bond 
Street. Yeovil. Tel. 0935 23463/4 
CARR • On September nth. 1986. 
peacefully at home. Brigadier Arthur 
O B.E . laic of 6lh Royal Innlfkllling 
Draoncn Guards Very dear husband 
of Barbara and father of John. Jane 
and Alan. Prtvaie funeral. Thanks- 
giv mo Sen icr lo be announced later, 
tvo tenors or flowers please, 
de MEL The Rev . Chrtsaniha de Mel. 
recently following a road accident In 
Sri Lanh.i He was a graduate of Os 
lord L nnersitv and trained for uw 
Mintstn at the London College of Di- 
vinih . He served his firet Curao' at 
Si Man's. Islington before returning 
io Sri Lanka where he has served in 
a number of Parishes and taughl al 
Ihc Theological College at 

EL WORTHY on Saturday I5ih Sep- 
JCTnber Audrey, dearly loved wife of 
Manhal of The Royal Air Force. 
Lord El worthy of Cordons Valley. 
Tlmaru. New Zealand. 

EWEN David Frederick. CB£. in his 
79lh year, late of Javea. Spain. Be- 
loved husband of CateleUe. Private 

GAYWOOO On September nth. 
peacefully after a short illness at 
Budletgh Salterton Cottage Hospital. 
Charles Eric Gaywood TD. Father of 
Pamela. Valerie and Jeremy and 
much loved by a large family. Ser- 
vice ai St. Peter's Church. Budletgh 
Salterton. Friday Sepiember 19th al 
2.30 pm followed by cremation at 
The Exeter and Devon Crematorium. 
Flowers may be sent lo J.w. Palmer 
F unera l Director. Budletgh Salterton. 
HOOCSON on September the 13th. 
peacefully at home, alter a long Ul- 
ness courageously bourne. Harold 
Robinson, beloved husband of Celia, 
beloved falher. and friend lo aH his 
family. Funeral Service. Lavenham 
Church. Suffolk. 1115 am Thuro- 
day. September I8lli followed by 
cremation at Ipswich. Family flowers 
only, but donations to Cancer Re- . 
search Campaign, c/o W. A. Deacon. 

HOFFMAN - On the 1 1th September 
1986. peacefully in Germany. Dirk 
Hoffman, aged 77. formerly of 
C ambr idge. 

HORNE ■ On Sepiember IOUi. peace- 
fully In hospital, aged 68. Cmdr 
Bremer Home. DSC RN irel'd). be- 
loved husband of Meq and father of 
Nigel and Veronica. Private crema- 
tion Wednesday. Flowers lo Cooksey 
& Son. 2o6 Lpper SL London M. or 
donations to British Heart Founda- 
tion lor the Whiuingion Hospital 
Heart L'nil Memorial Service lo be 
announced later. 

JOLL. Mary Woodrosse - On Septem- 
ber nth. aged 83. cremation 12 
noon, on Wednesday. September 
17lh. at Chichester. No flowers 
please, but dona lions to Radiothera- 
py Research Fund. SI Luke's 
HaspUaL Guildford 
LOGAN - On September llth. 1986. 
Betty Margaret Logan inee Cowdrey) 
of F am ham. Surrey Cremation prt- 
vaie. Memorial Service at SL 
Thomas -on -ihc Bourne. Famham. 
on Monday. September 22nd. at 12 
noon. Family flowers only Dona- 
tions to imperial Cancer Research 
Fund. Lincoln's Inn Fields. London 

MAYERS - Norman. C M.G. late H.M. 
Ambassador to Ecuador and Honor- 
ary Consul at Palma Mallorca, 
peacefully in Maltorra. on Uw llth 
August 1986. Memorial Sen. ice to be 
heM in Palma. All enquiries lo Lan- 
dau and Scanlan. 38 North Audley 
Slreet. Mayfair. London. VVIY IWC. 
McOONALD On September 12th 1986. 
peacefully in her sleep, al St George's 
Retreat. Burgess Hill. Sussex. Doris 
McDonald, dearly beloved mother of 
Jean. Bein’, and Shirley, and beloved 
grandmother of Quentin. Shauna 
and Simon Brawn. Mark. Chrrsto 
otter. Shirley Ann. Mandv and 
Caroline Varlam. James and Lucy 
Doucdas-Monn. Requiem Mass al Si. 
George's Retreat. Burgess Hill. Sus- 
sex on Friday September 19th. ai 
1000 am. Family flowers only 

MICME On September JOth. 1986. 
peacefully at home, 42 Great Cum 
heriand Place. Martorte Crain, aged 
8«J years, loved wife of the lale ! 
James Kilgour MtclUe Crcmabon al 
Wed London Crematorium. Harrow 
Rd. Ken&aJ Green, on Sunday. Sep- • 
temper 2 Isl at 3pm. No flowers . 
please. | < 

Sepiember. Flowers lo: Kenyons. 
132. Freslon Road. WlO. BurtaL 11- 
OOam. Wednesday. I7Lh September, 
al Parish Church. Bodedem. Flowers 
to: Mrs Hughes. 7a. Chapel Street 
Bodedem. Anglesey. Gwynedd. 
B APCUFf-'t . On September 2nd. 
1986. as the result of a road accident 
Phltto Flizhugh of Kings College. 
Cambridge, and Godabnlng. Surrey. 
Funeral Service at Guildford Crema- 
torium. on Thursday. September 
18th. at 2.30pm. All enquiries to J. 
Coruzige A Son. Funeral Directors. 
55 Hare Lane. Famcombe. 
Godalming. Surrey. TeL Codaiming 
04868 6403. 

■ADCUFFE - On September 2nd. 
1986. as the result of a road accident 
Susan Dorothea Fltzhugh of 
Godaiming. Surrey. Funeral Service 
ai Guildford Crematorium on Thurs- 
day. September 18 th. al 2.30pm. All 
enquiries to J. Gomnge A Son. Fu- 
neral Directors. 55 Hare Lane. 
Famcombe. Godaiming. Surrey. TeL 
God aiming 04868 6403. 

RYCROFT - On September 10 th. sud- 
denly. John Alan Rycroft MA MB 
BChlr FRCPath Dtp. Baa. Dearly 
loved husband of Catherine and 
father of John and Sbnoo. father- In- 
law of EMd and adored grandfather 
of Elizabeth and Rebecca. Funeral 
Service at Chelmsford Crematorium, 
wnnie Rd. Chelmsford. Essex, on 
Thursday. Sepiember 18th. at 2pm. 
Family flowers only. 

SA VICES - On Sepiember 5th. 1986. 
peacefully, al Poole General 
Hospital. Morphia 'Mr Murphy) for- 
merly restaurant manager of 
Skindtre Hotel. Maidenhead. Beloved 
father and grandfather. Enquires 
and donaUons In his memory to Help 
The Aged, c/o Tapper Funeral 
serv i ce 020 2 673164 
STREAM- fcJLD . On September llth. 
1986. at vicarage Gale Nursing 
Home. Noel StrealTeild. O-B-EL- sec- 
ond daughter of the late Bishop of 
Lewes and Mrs Streatfefld. sister of 
Ruth Gervte and Rtchenda Stubbs. In 
her 91st year. Funeral at St 
Michael's Church. Chester Square 
SWl at 2 00 pm on September 22nd. 
At her request there win be no Me- 
morial Service. Flowers to J. H. 
Kenyon Lid. 49 Marioes Rd. W8. lei 
01 937 0757. 

TEMPLE-MORHIS - Peacefully on Sep- 
tember llth. Lady Vera Temple- 
Moms of Cardiff. Dear wife of the 
late His Honour Sir Owen Temple- 
Morris. Q C.. and mother of Peter. 


BOtLEY - A Thanksgiving Service for 
the life of Rupert Btrley will be heM 
at St James' Church. Piccadilly at 
noon on Mo nday. 22nd September. 
HALS. FTTTLETON - A Memorial Ser- 
vice ror those who lost their uves in 
H M.S. Fildeion win be held on Sal- > 
urday. September 20th at 5.00 pm 
on board HMJS. President, Kings 
Reach. London ECa. 

POPHAM - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life and work of Mr, Gordon 
Popham. Joint vice Chairman of J. 
Henry Schroder Wagg & Co. Limit- 
ed. win be held on Friday. 17th 
October, at 11J0 a.m at SL Law- 
rence Jewry, next Guildhall. 
Gresham Street, London EC2. Tele- 
phone 01-582 6206 for further 


burgh on the Ulh of September 
1986. Edith Alya (latterly residing at 
St Raphael's Nursing Home. Edin 
burghj. beloved mother of Ann. Bin. 
Sara and Philippa. Survived by 
twenty-one grandchildren and flf. 
loen great grandchildren. Requiem 
Mass ai 11.00 am on Monday, [he 
22nd of September A Si Andrew's 
Chute n. Belfort] Road. Ravetsjon. 
Edinburgh. Thereafler Funeral will 
amve al Mourn Vernon Cenuticrv al 
12 noon R.I.P. 

PROTHERO On 12th Sepiember. 
1986. Norah Ann. aged 67 years, of 
Trnorwerih. Isle of Anglesey, and 
Bloomfield Terrace. London, swi 
Hcnndomluble spirit at long Iasi re- 
leased from her tender body 
Requiem Mass al Westminster CaLhe 
droi 10 50am Tuesday loth 

DOWNHAM. Michael Raymond Shaw. 
September 15th. 1984 in South 
Africa. A quintessential Englishman 
Remembered with affection. 

MULLENS. Florence • died Thame 
1954. lovingly remembered by Ruth 
and Hugh. 

THOMAS. FTancts Stewart (Frank) . 
September 15th. 1971 All my love 
al way s . Mardlr. 

WINTER. Nicola Rachel - So many 
thoughts for yesterday, your aui 
birthday. Lots of love Mummy. Dad- 
dy. Alexandra. Rebecca and Robert 



MANFtELD - CtBSONS - On I5!h Sep- 
tember. 1926. at SI Marun In- the- 
Fietds. Reginald John lo Anna 
Christina Now at Sutton Gotdfleld 

Mr N.C-B. Macpherson 
and Miss G.L.F. Mountain 
s The marriage took place on 
• Saturday, in Winchester Caihe- 
draL of Mr Nigel Charles Blake 
Macpherson, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Ian Macpherson, of 
The Old Hall Bfofield, Nor- 
wich. Norfolk, and Miss 
Georgina Lily Fleur Mountain, 
only daughter of Sir Denis and 
; Lady Mountain, of Shawford 
Park, near Winchester. Hamp- 
shire. Canon A.G. 
Wedderspoon officiated, as- 
sisted by Canon Roger Job and 
the Rev Robert Bauer. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her fether, was 
attended by the Hon Thomas 
Birkett, Edward Chisholm, 
Tofry -Green, Max Remington 
Hobbs, Victoria Cowea, Edwina 
JesseL Charlotte and Georgina 
Keyser and Louise Milln. Cap- 
tain David Waterhouse was best 

Mr M- Hendrie 

and Miss D. Doughty- 
Tich borne 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday in the Chapel of St 
Margaret of 1 Scotland, 
Tich borne 1 Park, of Mr Michael 
Hendrie, only son of Mr and 
Mrs John Hendrie, of Downs 
Hollow. _ Chipping Norton, 
Oxfordshire, and Miss Denise 
Doughly-Ticti borne, youngest 
daughter of the late Sir Anthony 
and Lady Dough ty-Tich borne, 
of Tich borne Park, Alresford, 
Hampshire. Father Kenneth 
Nugent and the Rev E. Simms 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her brother-in-law, 
Jonkheer John Loudon, was 
attended by Louisa Mayor and 
Sophie Motley. Mr Richard 
ZaUoukal was best man. 

Mr C J.W. Hollis 
and Miss SJ. Wright 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at the parish church of 
St Mary the Virgin. Hatfield 
Broad Oak. of Mr Christopher 
John William Hollis, eldest son 
of Mr and Mrs John Hollis, of 
Little Fosters. Siansted 
Mountfitdiet Essex, and Miss 
Sarah Jane Wright, only daugh- 
ter of Dr and Mrs John Wright 
of Silverthom. Blocks Corner. 
Hatfield Heath. Essex. The Rev 
Brian Birchmore officiated, as- 
sisted by Canon Frank Mitchell. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Judith Sutton. Julia 
Shcrvington. Susannah 
Shervington. Georgina Wright 
and Emma WrighL Mr Andrew 
Hollis was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
bride’s home and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

Mr R.WJ. Howard 
and Miss C.FJf. Scott 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. Sepiember 6, at St 
Margaret's. Westminster, of Mr 
Robin Howard and Miss Catha- 
rine ScoiL The Right Rev A.P. 
Tremlett officiated. 


Mr E-J. Mann 
and Miss DC de C. Hunter 
i The marriage took place on 

- Saturday at St Michael’s. 
: Comhiil, Loudon, of Mr Ed- 
r ward Mann, son of Mr and Mrs 
f George Mann, of West 
■ Woodbay, Berkshire, and Miss 
i Clare Hunter, daughter of Mr 
, and Mrs Archie Hunter, of 
I Upper Basildon, Berkshire. The 

! Rev David Evans officiated, 

- assisted by Canon W.R. Bin. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her falher, was 
attended by Zo6 and Harriet 
Parsons, Poppy Mann, Katie 
Henderson, Peter and Jack 
Mann. Mr Hugh Graham-Wat- 
son was best man. 

The Rev DJR. T h u ib arn -Hoefin 
and Miss F. Kent 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. Sonember 13, at Si 
Peter’s Church, Harrold, be- 
tween the Rev David Tfaurburn- 
Huelin and Miss Fiona KenL 
The Rev Julian Remdorp offici- 
ated assisted by tbe Bishop of 
Bedford and the Rev leuan 

Mr GJO. Broughton 
and Miss KJVL Bull 
The marriage look place on 
Satunday, September 13, 1986, 
at the Garrison Church. 
Shoeburyness. of Mr Giles 
Broughton, only son of Mr and 
Mrs R.F.M. Broughton, and 
Miss Katharine Bull eldest 
daughter of Commander and 
Mrs AJ. Bull. 

Tbe reception was held in the 
officers' mess, 

M G J. Chevalier 
and Miss S.C. Browne 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, September 6. in Mil- 
ton Abbey, Dorset, of M Gerard 
Chevalier, son . of Mme Paule 
Rethore Lesage, of Paris, and 
Miss Sarah Browne, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Jeremy Browne, of 
Higher Houghton, Blandfond. 
Dorset. The Rev Jimmy Hamil- 
ton-Brown officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Emily 
Browne, Emma Ryder. Eleanor 
Browne, Emily Ryder and 
Henry Ryder. Mr Arthur Rose 
was best man. 

A reception was held at The 
Dower Houx and the honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 

Mr CS. Cullen 
and Miss FA London ■ 

The marriage took place on 
Friday, at the Church of the ' 
Holy Redeemer and St Thomas i 
More. Cheyne Row. Chelsea, of i 
Mr Christopher Francis Cullen, I 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs CE. ! 
Cullen, of Draycott-m-the-CIay. I 



Burgess HOI School for Girls 
Autumn Term at Buigess Hill 
began on Monday, September 8, 
with Alex Howarth as head girt. 
The old girls’ reunion is on 
Saturday, September 20, and 
speech day on Friday. October 
34. New appointments include 
Mr A.G. Heron as senior 
teacher, Mrs M. Baldock as 
director of studies and Miss K. 
Walsh as head of science. The 
senior school pantomime will be 
performed on December 5 and 6 
and, the service of lessons and 
carols on December 11. Term 
ends on Friday, December 12. 

City of London School 
Autumn Term at City of Lon- 
don School begins today. The 
Lord Mayor’s prize day is on 
Friday. October 10, in 
Guildhall The opening produc- 
tion in the Beaufoy Theatre mil 
be The Marriage of Figaro by 
Beaumarchais, to be performed 
on the evenings of November 4, 
5. 6. and 5. The autumn concert 
will be given on Saturday, 
November 15, and there will be 
a carol service in tiie Temple 
Church on Wednesday. Decem- 
ber 17. Term ends on Thursday, 
December 18. This is. the first 
term in the newly-built premises 
on a riverside site in the City to 
which the school moved in 


F A. C. A. writes : probably made his greatest 

Michael Carlton, chairman 
of the Brenchara aviation and 
property group, and a well- 
known figure in the aviation 
world, was killed with his wife, 
Kathryn, on August 31 while 
on holiday in Afnca, when the 
seaplane he was in crashed. He 
was 41 

Over a period of years he 
made a significant contribu- 
tion to aviation. He had a 
great enthusiasm for distance 
gliding, having learnt with the 
RAF Gliding and Soaring 
Association, and he took part 
on several occasions in the 
World Gliding 


It was in South Africa in 
1975 tiiat he broke the British 
national record by avenurine 
109.8 kph over a 750 km 
triangular course in a Kestrel 

This record still stands 
along with eight British na- 
tional two-seater ' gliding 
records which he went on to 
break in 1980, including one 
for averaging a speed of 1 37 2. 
kph over a 100 km triangular 

Tt was while he . was the 
British team manager that he 

A u gust. The new address of the ~~ — ■* — 

uSH f ^SSi n St a St Forthcoming 

phone: 01-489 0291. Iflflr rifl p fie 

King’s ScfaooL Rochester _ . " , 

Michaelmas Terra at King’s Ixrce 

School Rochester, begins on Miss BA. Maftb] 
Tuesday. Sepiember 16, when Fra engagement is ai 
Dr LR. Walker tala* up his between Andrew, son i 
appointment as headmaster. Mr £*r. s S-H.S. Lo 
J.S. Irvine has become bead of “"Jyaafonch, Norther 
English on the retirement of Mr ffbnda. daugbu 
LJ. Newman. Andrew Smith P*P- Maltby, of Hali£ 
will be head of school and _, an< i Mrs 1 

Robert Eastbum deputy bead of °f South 1 

school. Norfolk. 

\ contribution to the gliding 
! team - at the world contests in 
Germany in 1981 and New 
Mexico in 1983. He used his 
financial and aviation con- 
tacts to help the British team 
entries - although in 1983 he 
withdrew from the scene of 
competitive gliding. 

From 1981, his enthusiasm 
for historic jet fighters grew, » 
and he acquired Hawker 
Hunters, Jet Provosts and 
Meteors which formed his 
Hunter One Collection. Along 
with his engineers he proceed- 
ed to restore tbe aircraft to 
CAA standard and these then - 
became familiar sights at air 

He first bought a single-seat • 
Hunter, then with the desire to 
pilot it himself, acquired a • 
twin-seat version on which to 
learn. Michael was the first 
civilian to hold a current . 
pilot's licence valid for jet 

Although he flew aircraft for • 
pleasure, he applied aviation 
io business purposes veiy. 
successfully ana amassed over 
10,000 flying hours. 

Until Iasi July be had been , 
chairman of Glos Air Avia- 
tion based at Hum Airport. 

Mr P. Barrass 
and Mbs Amos 
The engagement is announced - 
between Philip, son of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel and Mrs Eric , 
Barrass. of Tunbridge Wells, - 
Kent and Lucie, daughter of Mr - 
tELi?" £unas_ Amos. of . 

(* .. . 

\. ; - 

and Mbs BJL Maltby -r u ■ J Mn 

The engagement foarmounced JM*™**? 

between Andrew, son of Drand ami L FV^5f Ug ? le 

Edgbaston, Birmingham! 

□I ^ Bn ““ d Mi “ 

Sier^d, 2 of South WaShS bawSfSh^S, ( VH n ? unccd ' 
Norfolk. JOH"- son of the late Dr 

J-AIastair Bruce and Mrs A.M. 

Leicester High School for Girts 
Leicester High School for Girls 
resumed on Sepiember 3. The 

Mr DJ*. de C- Martin 

and Miss NJVLF. Snow 

"the engagement is announced 

■'i. 1 ; • : 

v.X j 4 ' i ■: 

'■i. • f : 


lcsuiiicu uu oepiemoer a. i nc jV" “ «Hnoumxa 

bead girl is Nadia Chapman and- son of Major- 

captain of games is Caroline Martin, of 

Green. Speech day will be faeld Jewbuiy. Berkshire, and Mis 

tureen, speech day will be faeld 
at tiie Queen's Hall. Leicester 
University, on September 24 
and the speaker will be Professor 
Brenda Hoggett, law 
cqmmissoner. The carol service 
will be held in tbe Church of St 
James the Greater, on Thurs- 
day, December 1 1. Torn ends 
on Friday. December 19. 

n L:r . mao 

Fniiip Armes. of 
Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, and 
Natasha, youngest daughter of 
Mr Sebastian Snow and Mis 
Antony Longland, of Sunsfoid, 

Bruce, of Edinburgh, and Caiha- -• 
™ c \ daughter of the late Ed- 
S?»J> Graha, “ Guest and 

MR J.W. Guest, of Edinbuigh. - 

Mr A.D. Macnab 
and Miss CLL. Edwards 
‘fteeng^ement is announced 
«tweai Alistair Dochart youn- ~- 
|csi son of Mr and Mrs A.B. 1 

Dertryshirc, and Miss Felirity 
London, second daughter of Dr 
John Milton London, of 
Milkwood. Hay-on-Wye, 
Herefordshire, and Mrs Chris- 
tine London, of Southfidds, 
London. Father Lawrence A. 
Brassill officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her fether, was 
attended by Kale London. Caro- 
lyn Satierthwaiie. Joanne 
Cullen and Katherine Cullen. 
Mr Michael Bugle was best man. 

A reception was held in the 
gardens of Colehemo Court and 
the honeymoon is being spent in 

Mr B.H. Wnv 
and Miss Ki\P. Skene 
The marriage took place on 
Friday. September 12. in Bath, 
between Mr Brian Wray and 
Miss Prudence Skene 

aomca uie ureaier. on mure- m. drp oaugmer of Dr - 

day, December 11. Term ends aS Mrs N.V. bCSTS^. 

on Friday. December 19 ana Miss AJLL. Goodfriliir Alderford Granae c;l|» 

^ x-. - - The engagement is announced Hedingham. fee, B bibie 

St Edmund s College, Ware betweenRupert Barclay Power tsse * L ■ 

Michaelmas Term at St »n of the fate Lieutenant MrU\* •' .ft* 

Edmunds College, Ware, Rodney F.P. Came. Royal JSSp Hf 0 * £ 

Hertfordshire; begins today with Navy, and Mre Donald Morion 2?” S-E- BeU "i; 

Mr D. Walters taking up his and stepson of Captain Donald hrt«^ emenl . ** announced r : 
appointment as deputy bead- B- Mon son. Royal Navy, 0 f Michael, youn- f 

master Alexandre^Uyt Den Oialfont St Giles: BuckingW p.C.C. Dixon. CBE^t 

Bog^rd is captain of the college shire, and Alexandra Emma North 1 vJ? x 5 n ' Carthorpe.^ . 

to* Simnra;^; 

Wfr H.M. Dixon 
J»d Mxss S.E. BeU 
ira eneacemem is 

. uwmivu uji um 

Bogaard is captain of the college 
and Robert J. Boas is captain of 
rugby football. The Lord Mayor 
of London, Sir Allan Davis, wifl- 
visit the college on Sunday, 
October 12. The celebration of 
St Edmund's Day is November 
16. Half-Term is from Saturday. 
October 25. to Sunday, Novem- 
ber 2. The college play this term 
will be The Taming of the Shrew 
on Friday. November 21. and 
Sunday. November- 23. The 
carol services are on Saturday. 
December 1 3. and term ends on 
Sunday. December 14, 

Keith GoodfeHow, QC, and of 
Mrs Keith GoodfeUow. of 
Claygate, Surrey. 

Mr R.M, Irvine 

and Miss G.C DeUer 

The engagement is announced 

FiiwiL-L . ana Susan no- 
Brockhall. Nonta^Sm. i 

Morph. J 

*nd Miss D.R. j 






TELEVISION: weekend programmes and interview 

No WP1V is a company worth more than £100 

vva J million, after its recent Stock Exchange 

tO PTiJOlr flotation. It is also the ITV company with the 
tv/ V/l aVJV biggest problems, not least of which is the 
fU a oUpll retention of its franchise in two years’ time. One 
tllw MiCU man who will determine the soundness of new 
no doobt Russeii Hartj- is a shareholders’, investment is JDavid Elstein (right), 
Z5ZZSZA2LS Thames’s Director of Programmes. 

'•S; i 

i'h *:• l 

■ * 
Is. . •• • 

No doubt Russell Hart}- is a 
charmer to meet But, as an 
Interviewer, there is something 
feintly grotesque in the way he 
pads off abroad to lure the 
lives Out of the dlstingnSsbed 
(it is a sobering thought that to 
date the only film of Sir 
Harold Acton is in conversa- 
tion with the former Gfo- 
gleswfck schoolteacher). 

Squatting in their shade and 
squeezing a few pips of wis- 
dom, . perhaps he hopes to 
swell into another Boswell or 
Freeman. $o far the only thing 
that has swollen is his chin, 
which last night drooped like 
wet potty on to his T-shirt as 
he sat talking to Dirk Bogarde 
at his home in Provence. 

Playing Tattoo u> Bogarde's 
Aschenbach, Harty asked a 
number of obliquely prurient 
questions in Above the Title 
(Yorkshire) of which “Do you 
think yoa’re handsome?” was 
the first. “Let’s talk about the 
monstrosity", be urged ' as 
Bogarde described how Jody 
Garland was the greatest 
After flailing embarrassingly 
around the subject of the 
actor’s private life, Harty 
made one final stab at/getting 
under the shell “No one's ever 

Not quite like a 
return to Eden 

■ ;rv . 

j '• possessed yon?" No, said 
—*■7 Bogarde, bat his expression 

rp'M was that of someone asking 
_ what mi earth can have pos- 

I I A(Wi sessed him to agree to this 
i IvdlT m interview hi the first place. 

* l W! “All of you dig elephant 

An <]».. traps”, be warned of interaew- 
Ull ere like Harty, “and I know 

, where they are." 

raid ftUj *** j* 1 * yd « tele- 
* iliU UUI vision it was uncomfortably 
riveting to watch Bogarde 
■ r : «?• stalk about the false bamboo. 

1 7 '-’ *• Harty's undeniable strength is 
‘ '■ ■: the contrast he offers witb his 

• :v- subjects. Looking fncrahi- 

w- lonsly at him after a particn- 
• larly impertinent question, 

' there is always a moment 

- when they are on the verge of 

• - crashing off rudely into the 

undergrowth (cf. Grace 

- •?: Jones). If he tau kept his 
v; : distance it is because they 

usually decide to help him out 
; . ;r of his own bole. In doing so, 

. ‘V they reveal something new 
- ... •- - about themselves. 

. . : .. With his deep breaths, his - 
finely timed hesitations and 
■ his haunting voice, Bogarde 
. ' ‘ did successfully party Harty’s _ 

‘ lunges and roam movingly 
over territory he has already 
"-T. w| itt«B about in his four fine 
; volumes of autobiography. Hs 
“V ,v account of Belsen brought him 
vr. | 0 t |, e edge of tears as he 

* - r i~ remembered the rotting bodies 
• *«■" c trying to greet him with a 

- •• r--— ", Victory sign and a girl with 
v | 1 -Jmk breasts “like empty purees" 

\ L iF v ■ V"** who saw some rations wrapped 

in the Daily Mirror and 
Stlfl man wanted the bundle not for the 
food but the newspaper. 

_ ; ; Other nuggets included an 

- ~ . admission be was not so dear 

and cuddly (“I ain't”) and that 
be did not much like acting 
' . (“That’s a revolutionary re- 
' 1 . mark”, said Harty hopefully). 

•• 7 Bat throughout, having the 
“V measure of the man grinning 
opposite, he preserved his 
. wonderful, irascible self. As he 
rasped at one point with that 
; .< charming smile, “I’m certainly 
. r . in the shell and you haven’t 
-■ cracked it yet, honey”. 

•.-1 BBCl’s new hospital 
drama. Casualty, continued its 
first-class swing through a 
casnlaty ward's doors. Realis- 
tically acted and scripted, and 
■„ filmed at a helter-skelter para, 
**’ the series makes even the 
• '• DHSS spot-check inspector a 
.. three-dimensional figure — 

though today's health cuts 
. make him more of a hawk than 

a Sparrow. 


Although David Elstein claims to 
have taken up his appointment with 
no illusions, he was aghast when they 
told him that Return to Eden, .the 
supremely schlocky and disgraceful ly 
popular Australian soap opera which 
has been the cornerstone of Thames’s 
contribution to the- ITV- summer 
schedule, might run to a sequeL 
“They said 'it doesn't entT. I them 
them it had to end. even if we had to 
make up the ending ourselves”, he 

Until he took control of Thames’s 
programmes this spring. Bslein's 
slender, intellectual hands were un- 
touched by schlock., popular or 
otherwise. He is in . his early forties 
and comes from the journalistic side 
of television, rather than the province 
of showbusiness- The . immediate 
impact of his style ‘showed in 
Thames's coverage of the World 
Chess Championship, complete with 
repeats for schoolchildren and a 
reciprocal deal with the Soviet 
Union. He got a kick out of giving 
that a fast OK. 

Elstein has spent a total of 14 years 
working for the company he now 
heads, first on The World at War, 
Jeremy Isaacs’s series which endures 
as a model of compulsive docu- 
mentary. and then as the editor of 
This Week. He quit in 1983, pushed 
by - lack of sympathy with Bryan 
Cowgilfs regime and palled by the 
prospect of producing independently 
for the new Channel 4- His indepen- 
dent companies. Brook Productions 
and Primetime Television, are ad- 
mired for their profitability as well as 
the quality of output such as <4 Week 
in Politics and The. Writing on the 

Returning to Thames is obviously 
no return to Eden. “Because 1 know 
everything that there is to know about 
the company. 1 come- with no 
illusions. It would be nice somehow 
to remotivate and give some new 
impetus to people who have been, 
here for some time. I think in any 
or^nization the arteries get dogged 
by age-old disputes — it's just so 
different from working on a green- ■ 
fidd site. Nothing gets forgotten, on -. 
the management side or on the union 

Dance MM 

Swan Lake IB 

Covent Garden llw 

side, but ii would be very much more 
frustrating if 1 hadn't works! here. At 
least I know what can happen, and I 
don’t try things I know won’t work." 

The first changes designs! to equip 
the company to retain its franchise 
are exactly what were expected of a 
director undoubtedly chosen for his 
ability to impress the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority. The existing 
current affairs series. TV Eye, has 
been scrapped and has been replaced 
by the re-invented This Week, headed 
by Roger Bolton, a former Panorama 
editor with a radical profile as high as 
that of his new boss. Jonathan 
Dimbleby. a former colleague at 
Thames, returns to make a series of 
investigative documentaries. In addi- 
tion, there are plans for a new series 
on the City and on the arts and 
entenainment in London, in almost 
slavish response to criticisms in the 
IBA’s mid-term review. These 
. changes should introduce a strand of 
harc&dged. authoritative current-af- 
fairs programming into the company 
in time for the 1 988 franchise review. 

There has been a perceptible 
decline in the quality of Thames 
programmes .since the golden age of 
the mid-Severnies, when programmes 
like The Naked Civil Servant, Edward 
and Mrs Simpson and Minder won 
both audiences and awards. How- 
ever. the major threat to the company 
. has arisen from what the managing 
director. Richard Dunn, describes as 
a “change in the ecology of 

“Both ITV companies In London 
will be faced with an unique challenge 
at the next franchise round", Elstein 
explains. “There are now companies 
like Carhon [who recently made an 
unsuccessful bid for Thames] which 
can go to the IBA and say t we can do 
everything the existing companies 
can do at two-thirds the cost, without 
breaching any national union agree- 
ment'. We have got to adjust to that 
reality, forget about custom and 
practice and how-it’ s~al ways^been- 
done, change our way of working so 
we can be more cost-effective. If we 
don't do that -we will be at risk, and 
deservedly so." .. 

Sleek, spruce and dark-suited. 

sun man 


Journeys with 
Country Life 

TW»|v\mI ijumnwrTi.-MfNumKf id 
C.wmirv Lilif r» hichh rwirjnl In 
(v.tJcfMinJiiiIifmM.i’.-iiiLv. ft**. 
sp.K-cn.rn Rs-pr.’JiKrain l«.ilw.iv<t 
■•Mfwk AnJ n - * rhe me Jnmi W 
ic* hinj; ihv iop cm-* ■ -ccni<n ui 

Swn SuuUlKMulin. 

Ciftmcr NUvl Linker. 

01-2615401. A 

A double welcome is due at 

Covent Garden, firstly to Pe~ 

ter Wright's and Gafina 

Samsova’s handsome produo- 

lion of Swan Lake which 

Sadler s Wells Royal Ballet is 

showing as part of its season ai 

the Royal Opera House. Pre- 

miered in 1981. the produo 

tion retains ail its coherence 

and dramatic logic: Philip 

Prowse’ s Victorian-Gothic de- X v 

sign looks sombrely grandiose 

op the Coveni Garden stage 

and the company is dancing 

splendidly. Longer acquaint- ^ PSCyfe' 
ance with some of Wright’S 
own choreography: notably 
the Act I waltz and the 

Neopolftan quartet, makes it fl 1 - 'll 

appear tiresomeiy fussy and 

unmusical, but ihe production 

as a the whole remains a 

triumph with few to rival- iL . 

The second welcome is for Mr 
David Ashmole. who left. the 
company in 1984 after many. 
years as its leading man to join . 
the Australian Ballet. He is 
back for a brief guest season, nr JBjT 
and what a pleasure it is to see s, , m 

again his beautiful stage . man-: ^ 

ners. fine partnering and dean ■ W'iL- 
dancing. His technique has 
been further polished and he 
has gained immeasurably in 

authority. Margaret Barhieri: g 

Of the company s own Sieg- , . 

frieds. Roland Price, who intensity than 1 have seen 
danced the opening perfor- from him previously. Petler 
mance pannering Margaret Jacobsson, in his London 
Barbieri. has improved to the debut benefits from Scan- 
point where his virtuosity is dinavian- blond looks which 
'about to become really thrill- make him stand out on stage, 
mg: superb elevation, bcauri- but he does not yet move like a 
frilly stretched feci and well ' leading dancer and he has a 
placed arms. He has a: ten* tendency to dance from the 
denev to lei the carriage of his waist down, seemingly leaving 
head' mar his line and his his arms to do what they wilL 

Close of the Proms 

Albert Hall/BBCtv/ 
Radio 3 

.As far as flag-waving is con- 
cemed, the Italian tricolour 
did not do too badly for itself 
| in this veal's Proms. With 
1 Verdi and Monteverdi. Berio 
and Dallapiccola enjoying 
prominent positions, the idea 
of Puccini letting his hair 
down seemed a not unreason- 
able apotheosis. The first half 
of the Last Night was his 

Every Union Jack in the 
house was still for the sleepy, 
luxurious start to the Preludio 
sinfoniiv. an early and beauti- 
fully orchestrated student 
piece which tuned the ear to a 
nicety for the Messa di gloria. 
Surprisingly, it was a perfor- 
mance which look its sacred 
format rather more seriously 
than the work does itself It 
w'ould be difficult to mask the 
flamboyance of the piece: the 
boisterous Gloria with its “Tu 
solus Dominus” strafed by 
trombones; the irate trumpet- 
ing in the Sanctus before a 
Hosanna which only momen- 
tarily recalls itself to piety. But 
Raymond Leppard encou- 
raged sobriety and modera- 
tion from the BBC Symphony 
Orchestra and Chorus and the 
very English soloists. David 
RendaJI. David Wilson-John- 

son and Matthew Best. 

Even after the interval 
Leppard played along his 
audience discreetly and cau- 
tiously. The Scapino Over- 
ture. Walton at his most 
caustically witty, certainly got 
every section of the orchestra 
going, and Bax’s Mediterra- 
nean gpnily started the action 
in the arena, A sleazy opening, 
somewhat reminiscent of ’’! 
Do Love to be Beside the 
Seaside”, was abruptly trans- 
ported by castanets to the 
Costa del Sol. and the 
Frontmens swayed like a wave 
of the sea. 

As balloons rose and 
streamers felL Britten’s Soi- 
rees musicalcs cued in the 
soloists among the audience, 
from party trumpeters to tin- 
whistlers; and then the hush. 
The first-horn verse of “Land 
of Hope and Glory” passed in 
reverential silence: the rest, 
conducted rather like a Te 
Deum in Trinity, rose never- 
theless lustier and mightier 
yeL Mr Leppard, with the 
nostalgia of a true expatriate, 
genteelly reminded his audi- 
ence that there was no one like 
them in the wide world, 
nothing quite like the Third 
Programme, and, with an 
exhortation to “Look after the 
BBC, will you”, graciously 
pointed his baton towards 
“Rule Britannia” and “Home, 
Sweet Home”. 

Hilary Finch 

Elstein looks more like a merchant 
banker than a television executive, 
and his analysis of the way in which 
die structure of independent tele- 
vision works against the cost-effec- 
tiveness of individual companies is 
fluent. His independent days have 
taught him an acute commercial 
sense. “As an independent I learnt 
what life is like in the real world. If 
anyone here wants to know how to 
make programmes with the lowest 
cost and the highest quality, they can 
look at The Writing on the Wall, 
which was the most economical series 
to make. 

“1 also got a sense of the overseas 
market I spent a lot of time getting to 
know the main players. Euston Films 

{ the Thames subsidiary which made 
[Under and the forthcoming series of 
John Mortimer’s Paradise Postponed] 
is the easiest part of the company to 
turn in that direction, but there is no 
reason why our other productions 
should- not be just as market- 

It will not be easy to streamline and 
inspire Thames, the largest ITV 
company in terms of manpower, with 
more than 2,500 employees. Elstein 
anticipates that about a third of his 
current-affairs team will change un- 
der Roger Bolton, and a new comput- 
erized newsroom will also help. 
However, in the fet years before 
Channel 4. when an ITV franchise 
could justly be called a licence to print 

Dee Conway 


Run DMC 



By the time Run (Joseph 
Simmons) and his partner 
DMC (Daryl McDaniels) had 
both reached the stage, it was 
pointless to clap. The audi- 
ence had come well prepared 
with whistles and hooters; the 
screeching clamour reminded 
me of old footage of the 
Beaties, when the sound of the 
band is frequently drowned by 
a cacophany of screams. And 
with their DJ Jam Master Jay 
(Jason Mizell) in tow. Run 
DMC are the Beatles (ot the 
Bob Mariey, or the Sex Pis- , 

money, the major broadcasting 
unions negotiated generous agree- 
ments. and the average wage in the 
company is now £18,600 per annum, 
with around 100 employees in the 
£30.0QQ-plus bracket. Thames is not 
in the extreme position of London 
Weekend, 1TN and TV-AM. all of 
whom have to pay their staff hand- 
somely for world ng unsocial hours, 
but it is still an expensive company to 

One solution which Elstein refuses 
to consider is commissioning cheap 
programmes from independents. 
This mushroom-crop of small com- 
panies, many of whom have a 
dawning suspicion that Channel 4 
cannot keep them all in business, 
naturally looked to Elstein as a 
champion, a role he instantly de- 
clined. “I’m hungry for ideas”, he 
says, “and Tending scripts and pro- 
posals takes up a lot of my time, but 
the stereotype 1 have in the trade 
press as the saviour of the indepen- 
dents is wrong. I think there has been 
a misunderstanding; ! am not going 
to put Thames's money into funding 
independent programmes at the ex- 
pense of our own productions." 

Informed opinion is presently con- 
fident that, with David Elstein at the i 
helm. Thames will retain its franchise ! 
and regain some of its reputation for ' 
quality programmes. 

Celia Brayfield j 

tols) of hip-hop: simply the 
biggest thing that this rel- 
atively new but increasingly 
popular variant of American 
street music has thrown up. 

There is a competitive de- 
ment. peculiar to hip-hop, 
which requires its prac- 
titioners to be hard, boastful 
and, like boxers, psychologi- 
cally determined to prevail if 
they are to get anywhere at all. 
Guile and a sense of humour 
are also essential and the 
three 21-year-olds from Hol- 
lis, Queens, NY, delivered the 
whole package with plenty to 
spare in less than an hour. 

No instruments were used, 
accompaniments being pro- 
vided entirely by Jam Master 
Jay’s two record decks. He is 
not a particularly flamboyant 
“cutter” and tended to lei the 

Albert HalI/BBC2/ 
Radio 3 

Every Prom season contains 
its ordinary concerts, but it is 
hard to find many that filled 
that category in this one. 
Indeed, if anything, the festi- 
val suffered from its own 
diversity. But it is churlish to 
complain in the face of the 
riches we have been given 
over the past two months. On 
this penultimate night we 
were, as tradition dictates, 
fully involved with the noble 
exhortations of Beethoven’s 
Ninth Symphony. 

Richard Morrison reported 
last week on the impact that 
this same team, consisting of 
the London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. the BBC Singers, the 
Chorus of Welsh National 
Opera. London Voices, and a 
starry line-up of soloists, all 
under the direction of Sir 
Georg Solti, were making with 
this work in Frankfurt. And, 
when the television lights 
came up on the choir in the 
finale, the sound that came 
from them was indeed utterly 

rhythm track records play 
without an excess of flashy 
jumps, a sort of Charlie Watts 
in the Grandmaster stakes, 
leaving the coast clear for Run 
and DMC to holler their 
tuneless declamations in fine, 
aggressive style. 

In their black tops and black 
hats, the two vocalists, 
alternating sentences and 
words in rapid bursts, pro- 
claimed their own unques- 
tionable pre-eminence in 
numbers such as “King of 
Rock” and “Peter Piper”. 

The great strength of the 
performance was its direct- 
ness. Freed from any melodic 

The soloists made quite an 
impact too. with Jessye Nor- 
man. forthright as ever, taking 
the first quartet by storm, 
quickening the pace and 
sharpening the rhythm. Her 
top note near the end, needless 
to say, was glorious, frill- 
throated. accurately pitched 
and dynamically well con- 
trolled. Hans Sotin. the bass, 
matched her for sheer res- 
onance, while Sarah Walker 
(mezzo) and Reiner Goldberg 
(tenor) took the inner parts 
with a distinction rather less 

Yet the contribution of 
individuals inevitably took 
second place to Sir Georg's 
masterly shaping of the whole. 
The urgency ofnis beat in the 
first movement was not such 
as to destroy its sheer immen- 
sity. white the slow move- 
ment, the key to a gratifying 
performance, was most beau- 
tifully sculpted, with Solti 
maintaining his slow, natural 
tempo to its end And the 
Scherzo's relentlessness was 
meat and drink to such a 
conductor. By and large, too, 
the orchestra were on superb 

Stephen Pettitt 

or harmonic distractions, the 
performers slugged across 
with unfettered power their 
message of pride and a good 
dance beat. Although they 
.played down their much- 
vaunted alliance with heavy 
rock, they consistently gen- 
erated the son of primitive 
excitement that used to be the 
norm at early rock concerts. 
Hip-hop has the kind of 
arrogance, crass innocence 
and uncaring vitality that 
urban rock ’n' roll took as its 
starting point. Run DMC are 
the worthy, if unlikely, inher- 
itors of those raw traditions. 

David Sinclair 



Box Office & 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

STAND HY - unsold 
scats at low prices 
from 10am on the v day. 

au L h ° nly - , o- Margaret Barluen: great stylistic contrast 

Of the company s ownSieg- . .. , 

frieds. Roland Price, who intensity than I have seen was touchingly sincere, 
danced the opening perfor- from him previously. Petler Samsova was his Swan 
mance pannering Margaret Jacobsson, in his London Queen. Her technique has lost 
Barbieri. has improved to the debut, benefits from Scan- some of its steely precision but 
point where his virtuosity is dinavian- blond looks which much more important is the 
' about to become really thrill- make him stand out on stage, feminine warmth she brings to 
ing: supinfr elevation, bcauri- but he does not yet move like a the role, the fluidity of her 
frilly stretched feci and well ' leading dancer and he has a dancing and the way she uses 
placed arms. He has a: ten*- tendency to dance from the her arms and her amazingly 
denev to tel the carriage of his waist down, seemingly leaving supple back. Samsova seems 
head* mar his line and his his arms to do what they wilL . more at home in the White 
partnering is still a weak point He appears to be a strong acts, as does Manon Tait- 
but he projects more dramatic partner, and his performance dancing with Ashmole. Of the 

three Swan Oueens I saw Tait 
— 1 seemed most technically as- 

— surecL and gave a sound. 

9 Www VWw w intelligent performance. Bui 1 

£ do not feel this is the role 
which best suits her lively 
9 personality. 

A Barbieri achieves the greai- 
X est stylistic contrast between 
fV'BIRj' w / M H " = ' IP' ' ™ the White and Black acts. As 

A O detie ' the way she used her 
ISHK JyflVfl 2 head and her undulating arms 

Wsa w was perhaps rather mannered. 

JgR • H a but it served to underline the 

jw ff rftmr J difference between the White 

WhurWnnn ® and the Black Swan. A dancer 
wmgmero for whom a step always con- 

Jf mmm "A fo rce W ith J veys a meaning, hers was the 

NIGEL HAWTHORNE W most dramatically satisfying 

/% »n- 

try - . GEMMA CRflVEN as 0 ducted sensitively, although 

Agatha po sleet his Wife. A he seemed to be encouraging 

— foe cygnets to attempt foe 

• world land speed record. 

■gten Sept 82. 23. Ptoss Openn^r Sept 34 at 7.00. js§§ ifesf r . 

Then Sept 25, 26, 27 (m&«X Judith 


“The hottest ticket in 
town isn't tor 
Cats. Les Miserables 
or Chess... 
but tor 


She is sensational” i.-.i-r. m.h. 

TUE-FRI 3pm, SATS & SUNS 5pm & 8.30pm 


01-336 3370 CC 01 -379 6565 • £433 
Group Bookings: 01-336 396-2 

ippgMS SE Fn8 at§j»k 


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Help isa large word in our vocabulary. 

nouseour growing family of elderly people in MHA 
residential Homes and Sheltered Housing. Our target 
is ter more than 2000 places toroid people by the early 
1990s. This means a busier-than-ever building 
programme toprovide ail the extra places. And that 
costs money. To put it ina mitshellwe need £1 every 15 
seconds - some £2 million a year. m 

Will you help please? It 's urgent! - IL 



I enclose my donation of £ 

Please send me more information abort MHA 

Name ._- 


l&Monh House. 25Dly[W.LordonECIYlDR Reg. Charity Na20fi^ 



Owen wins 
for stand 

Cathedral’s crumbling grandeur 

on arms 

Continued from page 1 
policy himself, 10 be more 
friendly to the Liberals and to 
stress the SOF eagerness for 
arms control as well as its 
eagerness to maintain a Brit- 
ish deterrent. 

Mr Cartwright warned 
delegates that he would not 
relish going into the election 
saying that the Alliance would 
decide on what to do about 
replacing Polaris after it was 
over. The Tories, be said, 
would play the defence card 
and play it hard. 

After the debate Mr Cart- 
wright said that the SDP 
leadership would go on nego- 
tiating with the Liberals with- 
out their hands being tied. 
“By early next year we must be 
! in position to start giving 
broad indications. It won't be 

Last night Mr Michael 
Meadowcroft, MP for Leeds 
West told a fringe meeting: 
“Those of us who have argued 
a long time for there to be a 
strengthening of European 
links have always argued from 
the point of view that Europe 
ought to be powerful and 
strong enough and conscious 
of its own strength sufficiently 
to be able to withstand pres- 
sure from the United States 
and the Soviet Union and not 
to be in hock to them. 

“I have never ever con- 
ceived of the possibility of that 
being based on a nuclear 
capability. It would seem to 
me madness to establish a 
third major superpower with a 
capability of using nuclear 
weapons. It would be a totally 
retrograde step.” 

• Mr Steel and Dr Owen have 
begun work on drawing up a 
team of joint Alliance spokes- 
men, to be completed by 

The team, which win in- 
evitably be dubbed an Alli- 
ance shadow cabinet, will 
include SDP and Liberal fig- 
ures presently outside Par- 
liament, such as Mrs Shirley 
Williams and Mr Bin Rodgers, 
Mr Richard Holmes, Mr 
Steel's key adviser, and Mr 
Alan Watson, a former Liberal 

The formation of the team 
will help to defuse claims that 
Dr Owen's SDP is a one-man 


Mr Peter Reid, above, chief fund-raiser, 
shows a crumbling walL Below, a 
da m ag e d capital in the Galilee porch. 

A £4 million appeal to restore the 
12th century Ely Cathedral in 
Cambridgeshire will be launched in 
London on Wednesday, with the 
Duke of Edinburgh as patron. The' 
planned repairs will be the first 
major renovation for more than a 

Ely Cathedral, the “Ship of the 
Fens”, is regarded as one of the 
glories of English ecclesiastical 
architecture, hot water, weather and 
the death watch beetle are taking 
their tolL 

The trustees say that £4 million is 
the minimum needed for basic re- 
pairs. Abont £800,000 is needed for 
work on the knave roof and the 
Octagon tower. Repairs to the Lady 
Chapel and the north and south 
Ely Cathedral, whose stone walls are badly buckled (Photographs: Chris Harris) knave aisles will require £1 


Continued frompage 1 
The strain of the detention 
and the continuing threat of a 
trial - he has to report by 
pboue to his KGB interro- 
gators every weekday — came 
out sharply at one point when 
Mr Daniloff, aged 52. was 
answering questions about 
charges laid by Toss. the 
Soviet news agency, that he 
had signed a document agree- 
ing to the charges laid against 


“I have always said that I 
was under no instruction from 
any government agency and 
that all my actions were taken 
on my own initiative or at the 
request of my magazine, and 
teat, please believe me, is 
God's foil truth,” said Mr 
DanflofE who was flanked by 
his wife Ruth, 51, and an 
executive of US News A World 
Report* the magazine be has 
represented here for 5!A years. 

Many of the reporters 
crowding into the US Depart- 
ment of Commerce building 
in centra] Moscow asked 
about an attack by Tass— the 
most serious of its kind since 
Stalin's era — over their 
reporting from inside the So- 
viet Union. 

“I dug deeply and because I 
did that, I became a little more 
obvious than people who 
might just rewrite TassT Mr 
Daniloff told them. “The 
in tidious pan is that the more 
you dig, the more you draw 
suspicion on yourself” 

Dressed in a burgundy 
jacket and wearing tinted 
spectacles against the glare of 
television lights, Mr Daniloff 

— who had spent his second 
night inside the US Embassy 

— gave bis first accounts of 
events leading to his arrest. He 
was asked whether he now bad 
second thoughts about accept- 
ing the package from Misha, a 
Soviet teacher friend. 

“Once you have been sand- 
bagged by eight men on a 
street, totally unsuspecting, 
put into a van, your hands 
pinned behind your back, in 
handcuffs, of course you won- 
der — why the heft did 1 do 
that?” he replied. “But the feet 
of the matter is, I knew this 
man Misha for several years. 
He is a very charming fellow; 
our relationship grew over a 
period of time. I trusted him.” 

Fnmfc Johnson at the SDP 

Unchanged, but 
not unchanging 

The femous Yorkshire spa. 
sedately golden in an autumn 
sun, this weekend received 

The Observer the following 
morning. It had been in that 
paper for the preceding sev- 
sun, this wecMrmi Sal! weeks in ibe form of a 

tlwanniHl conference^ foe cojumn. It would be 

Social Democrat ^ 

Memory, prompted JSfchetold me. in the form 

of a daily commentary on the 
SDP conference. 

This last news meant that, 
as in the old Classics Illus- 
trated comics of my own 
childhood, a standtod work 
of literature was to be made 
available to foe masses m an 

accessible form. . 

Change was rcprcsenieo m 
the same carriage by Mr Roy 
Jenkins* wife who. in my 
absence, had become Dame 
Jennifer Jenkins and, as 1 first 
understood, Mr Cntchley, 
had been made chairman of 
the National Front 
Some of us had long be- 
lieved that all that party 
needed, to break the mould of 
British politics, was a respect- 
able-seeming leader. But it 
turned out to have been a 
mishearing on my pan. What 
she had become apparently 
was chairman of foe National 

At dusk we reached Harro- 
gate, and a Smollett-like 
scene consisting of such 
phenomena as BBC serving 
wenches being goosed ter 
Corporation executives. The 
town's many excellent res* 
tauranls were preparing to 
open their doors, since foe 
SDP is the eating party or it is 

A fringe meeting on de- 
fence was being addressed, 
not just by Dr David Owen, 
but by a French Socialist, 
speaking in his native lan- 
guage — Dr Owen having 
recently tried to reach some 
agreement with the French 
about nudear policy. 

Most of the audience was 
undoubtedly there under the 
impression that be was the 
town's greatest chef explain- 
ing a particularly long menu. 
His mentions of Le Bombe 
were assumed to be ref- 
erences to Le Bombe 

Only when the interpreter 
got going, did the audience 
realise that the- man was not a 
chef at all but a complete 
imposter who had been talk- 
ing about defence all along, 
Interest collapsed. 

mcmuiy ... 

previously most implausible 
cast of characters to descend 
cm the resort were those ot 
Tobias Smollett's Expedition 
of Humphry Clinker on their 
— across the north of 

wJbre catching the tram, a 
search of the shelves for an 
edition of that masterpiece 
confirmed that this was m- 
deedsa „ _ . 

“The lodgers of each inn, 
said Smollett, “form a dis- 
tinct society, that eat to- 
gether; and there is a 
co mm odious public room, 
where they breakfast in 
Disabffle~from 8 o'clock till 
II. as they chance or choose 
to come in. Here also they 
drink tea in the afternoon, 
and play at cards or dance in 
the evening.” 

Distinct societies that eat 
together! Commodious 
rooms! Breakfast in DisabiBe 
from 8 o'clock till II! After- 
noon tea! Dancing in the 
evening! That is the life 
which some of us feel that the 
SDFs Mr Roy Jenkins was 
bom to lead. 

Anyone, such as myself, 
who had only just got back to 
this country, having been 
abroad for a few years, cut off 
from direct contact with Brit- 
ish public life would have 
found this weekend that 
much had changed and much 
had remained the same some 
of us were fortunate to board 
on Saturday a carriage at 
Euston which contained 
examples of both change and 

Seated in it, for example; 
was Mr Julian Cntchley, the 
Conservative Member for 
Aldershot to whom the anti- 
Thatcher Resistance had 
given the task, when last I 
was in England, of writing the 
same article over and over 
again foil of impertinences 
about the Prime Minister and 
the uncouthness of the mod- 
ern Conservative Party. A 
brave man, then. 

And here he was, after all 
these years of the Occupa- 
tion, still writing the same 
article. It was to appear in 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne. President. 
Save the Children Fund, attends 
the Launch Luncheon of New 
Industry and Commerce Initia- 
tive. Mansion House, EC4, 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron in Chief, Brixtan 
Neighbourhood Community 
Association, opens the sheltered 
. accommodation for senior cm-- 
zens, 64-70 Barnwell Rd, SW2, 
and 13-19 JdfRd, SW2, 2JQ. 

The Duke of Kent, Patron, 
British Computer Society, 
chairs tire final Judging Meeting 
of their Awards, Royal Society, 
6 Carlton House Terrace, SW1, 

Princess Alexandra atends the 
40th Anniversary Gala Conceit 
of the Royal Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. Royal Albert Hall 
SW7, 7.20. 

New exhibitions 

Paintings by Mary Rose 
Hardy and Diana Compston; 

Tunbridge Wells Art Gallery, 
Civic Centre. Mount Pleasant; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5J0, Sat 9J0 
to 5 (ends Sept 27). 

Designer jewellery by John 
Mckeller. 23 Church St. Her- 
eford; Mon to Sat 9.30 to 5 JO 
(ends Sept 27). 

Prims by Tim Mara, ceramic 
sculpture by Christie Brown, 
textile and paper hangings ter 
El da Abramson; Oxford Gal- 
lery, 23 High Sti Mon to Sat 10 
to 5 (ends Oct 15). 
Exhibitions in progress 

Ceramics by Paul Brown and 
paintings by Carlo Rossi; The 
Open Eye Gallery, 75 Cumber- 
land St Edinburgis; Mon to Fri 
10 to 6. Sat 10 to 4 (ends Oct 2). 

Paintings by Alan Green and 
Jeffrey Dennis, sculpture by 
Alison Wilding; Third Eye Cen- 
tre. 350 Sauchiehall St Glas- 
gow; Tues to Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 
2 to 5.30 (ends Oct 1 1). 

Remnants of the Authentic 
German photographies art of 
the Eighties: Impressions Gal- 
lery of Photography. 17 
Colliergate, York. 

Sculptures by Lynn Chad- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,151 



I Capital growth is what in- 
terests him (12). 

8 Half of them finished up im- 
proved (7). 

9 Demonstrate about every- 
thing, though not really seri- 
ous (7). 

11 Idle characters have to rest 

12 “Never complain and never 
— ” advised Disraeli (7). 

13 Gather a well-qualified man 
is joining the ship (5). 

14 Pottery having novel article 
in stock (9), 

16 An area of Spain or USA - 
At land anyway (9). 

19 Trains ^and remains auda- 
cious (5). 

21 Make about a thousand 
burn (7). 

23 No particular military man 

24 Grace's title (7). 

25 A permit hdd by the runner 

(7). • . f . 

26 They lei you in for transport 
charges (8.4). 


1 a girl the soldiers like 
turned up (7). 

2 No place for outsiders! (7). 

3 Male tutors first, to admit 
pleasure is their aim (9). 

Concise Crossword page 10 

4 This yarn, some fed. is leg- 
endary (5). 

5 Contend the old king should 
be given fruit (7). 

6 A bit of a pudding, this 
ruler’s wife! (7). 

7 Ben called law-breaking 
very sensible (4-8). 

A painter's bodice for the 
cold weather? (12). 

15 Agreed on a mixer for the 
drink (9). 

17 Works with the femilv m 
fine leather (3-4). 

18 Hero's admirer — skinnv 
regressive leftist (7). 

19 An Irish howler! (7). 

20 Serials can be very stuffy 

22 Strange omen about a boy 
in Ireland (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,150 
will appear 
next Saturday 

wick; Beaux Arts, York St. Bate; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Oct 

A dozen views on paper; 
Cirencester Workshops, Brew- 
ery Court; Mon to Sat 10 to 5 JO 
(ends Oct 18). 

The Forest paintings, sculp- 
ture and photographs 
Southampton Art Gallery, Civic 
Centre; Tues to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 
10 to 4. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Oct 12) 
Work by Cecily Sash and 
Jonathan Kingdom; Victoria 
Art Gallery, Bridge St, Bate; 
Mon to Fn 10 to 6, Sat 10 to 5 
(ends Oct II). 

Still life; National Centre of 
Photography, The Octagon, 
Milsom St, Bath; Mon to Sat 10 
to 4.40 (ends Nov 29) 

A second glimpse: sculpture 
by Deborah Gardner, paintings 
by Noella Goldie and Angela 
Grassham, drawings by lain 
Liveridge, installations by Mal- 
colm Seal; Ramsgate Library 
Gallery. Guildford Lawn; Mon 
to Wed 9.30 to 6. Thure and Sat 
9-30 to 5, Fri 9-30 to 8 (ends Oct’ 
11 ) 

Poole Proms: Concert by the 
Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra; Wessex Hall, Poole, 


Talks, lectures 
Falcon Watch, by a National 
Park Ranger, 1.3a, Forty years 
in Lakeland, by Mildred War- 
den. 3.30: Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre, 
Brockhole, Windermere. 

Antique Fair Town Hall, 
BakewelL 10 to 5. 

Open Day at the Regent 
Centre; Regent Centre, High St, 
Chri stch urc h , Dorset, 1QJ0 to 

The pound 

Amato Sen 
Dtnmarfc Kr 
Finland Vick 




12 J00 


I. 165 



II. 34 







Japan Ym 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Bd 
Spate Pta 
Sweden Kf 


Rates tor awaa denominat i on bank norm 
'] as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and other foreign curcancy 

Rebd Price hades 3817 

London: The FT index dosed up 4.1 at 
133GLA on Friday. 




















Nature notes 


m. 1845. 

gist. London. 

Deaths: Isamharri Kingdom 
BraneL engineer. London, 1859; 
Wnuun Seward Burroughs, pio- 
neer of adding machines. Citro- 
nefla, Alabama, 1898; Thomas 
Wolfe, novelist, Baltimore, 
Maryland, 1938; Anton Webern, 
composer, Mineral, Austria, 

Our address 

Information for inclusion Hi Tin* 
TTmc» Information ante should be 
TTgL The Tunes. 

El »XN 

Virginia Stmt. London. 

Chaffinches and blue tits are 
feeding on the berries of 
whitebeam . trees. The chaf- 
finches iry to drive the tits away, 
but they quickly return, hanging 
upside down on the crimson 
bunches. Great crested grebe 
families still swim together on 
lakes; the young are now as large 
as the adults, but are much 
whiter round the bead. Thin- 
necked young pheasants lurk in 
the grass, while their mother will 
fly noisily away, they prefer to 

Lapwings are gathering in 
large flocks. Green sandpipers 
from the continent feed at the 
edge of small marshy pools; 
when flushed they towrr into the 
sky with a flash of black and 
white and disappear, but often 
come back to the same pool 

Some yellow flowers of late 
summer are often found dose to 
each other: the great mullein, 
crumbling patches of St John's 
wort, Oxford ragwort, and toad- 
flax with its snapdragon-like 
blooms. Water mint has tall, 
sweet-smelliug purple flowers. 
Harebells are still common in 
dry, grassy places. 

On the hedges, the creamy- 
green flowers of traveller’s joy 
me turning into wiry, fluffy 
seeds. The first bronze-coloured 
leaves are felling from the 


Rail vouchers 

A £5 travel voucher will be 
issued to people buying a Young 
Persons Railcard during 
September arid October. The 
vouchers will be valid within a 
month of purchase of the 
railcard, which is available to 
anybody aged between 16 and 
23 and all students in frill time 
education. Details from BR 


Wales and West: M4 
Contraflow on westbound 
carriageway between junctions 
16 and 17 at Swindon and 
Chippenham. M4: Westbound 
carriageway dosed at junction 
24 (Newport). Lane dosures in 
both directions at junction 46 

MSc Northbound lane dosures 
between junction II (Chelten- 
ham) and 12 (Gloucester). 

The North: M6: Reconstruc- 
tion on both carriageways at 
junction 32 (M55) to junction 
33 (Garstang). M62: Contraflow 
between junction 19 (Heywood) 
and junction 22 (A672)i Ml 8: 
Major roadworks between junc- 
tions 6 and 7 (Thome to M62). 

Scotland: MS: Bridge work 
between junctions 29 (Paisley) 
and 30 (ErsJan Bridge); road- 
works between junctions 17 and 
15 (Dumbarton), eastbound 
carriageway dosed. M9: Bridge 
work between junctions 10 (Stir- 
ling) and junction 9 (Donne) 
Information supplied by AA 

Cadmium guide 

A revised guidance note for 
people working with cadmium 
or cadmium compounds to- 
er with a free leaflet has 
published by the Health 
and Safety Executive. 

The guide, which was pro- 
duced following a review of the 
occupational exposure to cad- 
mium and its compounds, con- 
tains new information on 
health-related matters. It is 
available from HMSO or book- 
sellers, price £225. 

The leaflet, which outlines the 
hazards created by radmiiim 
and explains tire precautions 
lured, is obtainable free from 
enquiry points or Area 


Pressure will be Iqw over 
Scandinavia and to the 
sooth of the British Isles. 
An anticyclone over the 
central Atlantic will 
m ainta in a ridge over 
central parts of Britain. 

NOON TODAY taanure is shown fa mffifaoM 

FRONTS Worn! CM oXw 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
Channel Islands: Mainly doudy with 
rain in places, perhaps prolonged; 
wind northerly, moderate or fresh; 

max tempo 



Cloudy w3h rain fit 

wind northerly, 

amp 14C (57F). 

. moderate or 

max temp V 
East Anglia, Midlands, S Wales: 
Mainly *y, cloudy at times. Some 
bright or sunny intervals; wind 
northerly, moderate or fresh; mat 
temp IflC (61 F)- . 

E, NW, central N, ME England, N 
Wales, Lake di s t ri ct , tele of Man, 
Borders, Edinburgh and Dundee, 
Aberdeen. SW Scotland, G l asg ow, 
Northern frafamd: Mainly dry with 
riods? wind N or NW. 
or fresh; max temp 15C 


Central Highlands. Moray Firth, 
Argyll, NW Scotland: Sunny inters 
vafe and showers, some with haib 
wind NW, fresh or strong; max temp 

13C (55 F). 

NE Scotland, Orkney, Shetland: 

with haH: wind NW, strong; max 
temp 11C (52F). 

Outlook for tomorrow md 
Wednesday: Mast places wffl be 
~ ‘ with some sunshine, 
rather .cold. During 
weather with eome 

MHu« sky; txXriue sky and cloud: c- 

arsass g^fia^.g: 

Uumdcrrtorm; pohawees. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
tareltd. Tavenn 


Around Britain 

ra*n*;i spread arte northern Scot- 
land, and continue southward into 
northern England during 

Ira in 

C F 

Time® Portfolio Gold rules are as 

1 Yung Portfolio Is Dree. Purchase 
of. Ttu> Times is not a condition of 
taking pari. 

2 Times Portfolio ns! compris e s a 
Group at public companies whose 
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3 Times portfolio ‘dMdend* wfn be 
We figure in pence which represents 
the optimum movement in prices <l.e. 
the Largest increase or lowed Hist) ol a 


randomly < 

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4 The daily dhttKM win be 
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. 10, In any dispute. The Editor s 

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In the columns provided next to 
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_ . . Hmejs data 
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Hue 0954-53979 

PorSoBo DbM 

____ immteuu 

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£35 am 

Rill moon: September 18 

7.16 pm 

223 am 

Lighting-op time &SSF 

Loudon 7.46 pm to 6-06 am 
Bristol 7.56_pm to 6.16 am 

21 pm to B.16 am 
7-56 pm to.6.14ant 

Ma ndwster __ 

Penzance 827 pm to 629 am 

Yestenla y fS 

j e ate wo 



SgCcom r* 

r oB t—t o n a , 72 


„ 42 

Souths** 52 
Sandmen 4.1 

Shank!* 22 

Oo u ff to iH i a j 
Bftote 4-1 

gwsna ga 12 

Wfounoua 62 

Exmoulfa 2.9 ■ 
Tergnmootii ZQ 
Tenmav T2 

Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
doud: f. Mr r, rain; a, Sul. 


BaKMt tiasS-Ctaemsejr d 1457 

f 1355 Inre pi eaa e 946 

e 1355 Jeraey C1559 
r 1457 London * c 1355 
CaidW c 13S5 Wnctator c 1457 

Edhbwsh 31254 Newcastle C105O 

s 1254 (Toldsmy s 1254 

Je rsey 

- IS 59 sonny 
.12 -14 57 sunny- 

- 16 61 sunny 

- IS 59 sunny 

* 15.. SB .doydy 

- 15 59 stem 
■- 17 66 iwigtjJ 

- 16.61 dwoy 

t 17 .68- bright 

- 18 64 bright 
■ 17 63 sunny- 

- 17 63 sunny . 

- 16- 61 

: j| gw 

* J 5 oi nigra 

: 3S 15 

* T6 61 
- 16 61 

* 16 61 
-•16 61 

16 59 dug 
15 SS dQl 
14 57 ram 



Son Rain 
Ira in 



ii J 


• .52 


SSSSte. s* 

^ra-n-Tyra 6.1 


mbx • 

C F- • 

15 59 tataM" 

16 61 doudy 

11 -52 sunny 
IS 61 sunny 
U ST sunny . 





SeNy Urn 

- 18 61 stsmy .. 

- . IS 59 sunny . 
•.IS Jt stray ‘. 

- 15 S9 stray 

- 15 59 stray - 
•- • 
' 15. 50 sunny 

•82 15 59 sunny ■ 

* - 13 .55 staMra 

- 1* 57 stray , 



8.1 . 

i! i? 

11 52 su«V 

12 54 drawn 
9 48 showod" 

11 52 briabt 

13 56 sunny — 
11 52 brittat 

13 55.8rmera 

14 57 bright 

- 2 * 14 37 rata j^ a p teen 

■ ■<« 13 58 alranra 

- - if 57 cloudy 

* - 18 61 duT ■ ■ ___ 

” — ■ « - M 57 sunny 

«»• Saturday^ tlgures 


Bond winners 

«TO^doud ! d.d^r 1 ^ fasf ;^ Si — 

numbers in the 
Prcminm bond 

The winni 

weekly draw 


are £100.000: 15BLOS3301.The 
winner fives overseas: £50.000: 
3JS 640468 (Sheffield); £25.000= 
I3CB 282860 (Oxford). 


a ” 





■»-* — - 

Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge wii] be raised 

today at 11.45 am. 




led by London Post (Print- 

arm Limited j*r I vircinto Street 
Usmtan El 9XN. Monday. Sentembcr- 

litoTO ® newaMper “ 

B Abes* 
Capa lb 

C F 


* a 84 Crpingn 
a 31 aacorta^ 
a 34 93 MiMo 


S 29 84 Parer . . 
*33 91 Roreoca 
1 27 81 RnctHf 
. flenesa ‘ 
■ 29 84 CforaNer 
J 21 70 Helsinki 
t 2B 82 HoagK 

3-29 84 toorarck 
1 27 81 Istanbul ' 
d 13 55 
c .18 64 
a 27 « ... 

b 12 54 L 

a 35 95 Uaban 
■ I 20 66 Lo c sm o 

* 24 75 L Angels* 
a 21 70 UMCRtog 

**• «ww: *, nundar. 

C F 
r 20 66 

r-ir 52 

a 28 84fttata 
• 12 54 Meannw 

C F 
6 28 82 
a 25 77 

C 'I* '57 

S Prised* 

C- F 
a 27 61 
c 22 72 
s 18-64 

* g M ^a C* sgSsar iss 

iSwiSSrar ^ssss *8-3 

r ill? 2 32?® 

C 23 TO S 

Ch'churcJi f 10 50 lladrid 

c 23 73 

C g 72 Munich 



f 29 04 PsSdag 

C 21 70 
C 19 66 

C IB «4 Mods j 

ras/7 **•«,* 

l § 90 Tan srito 

l ?? SBw 

c 11 52 TtWs' 
o 21 TO Vsiancto 



* 30 86-Wasmvr 

f . 13 55 
C 20 68 

a as 79 
S 90 88- 
* 27 81 
C 23 33 
e 18 66. 
> 30 66 
S 29 84 

f 16 61 
f 24 7S 
C 13 58 
23 73- 



a 23 
f. 12 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

■ - : 

•. ' => A, 

■ ^ 

_ ’-o K.. f < 

‘ : ' ‘‘Vi! ./ T i 

• •. . ' Eft*- 


■ i 

' - - 


(Change on 

FT 30 Share 
1270.9 (-67.5) 

FT-SE 100 
1608.6 (-76.2) 



-tISM (patastream) 
124.17 (-3.4) 

(Change on weekl 

nations start 
crucial talks to 
halt protectionism 

Fnm Bflfley Morris, Ponta del Este, Ungnay 

Ministers of 92 nations met shaping up as a replay of 1 982 
yesterday in this seaside resort when the United States and 
to launch a new round of trade Europe tangled in a bitter 

US Dollar 
1.4755 (-0.0225) 

W German mark 
3.0373 (-0.0269) 


71.0 (-0.7) 


| Fears of 
| inflation 
I the facts 

: r» 

t .,.. 1 usom 

: V'.ipsT In 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 


“ ■■ 

Back in the middle of April 
something terrible happened 
Ip the American firawriai . 
Bemlorts." Aad they have not 

j The December T-bond, 
vfhich peaked at nearly 104 in 
* -April, stood ntJBttie more 
96 in the second week of 

talks amid tight security and 
threats of a walkout by coun- 
tries wanting to unseat Sooth 

The week-long talks, de- 
scribed as the most important 
global trade talks in 40 years, 
will determine whether, or not 
the ministers of the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade (Gan) embark on long 
negotiations to halt the slide 
towards ■ protectionism by 
Opening up markets in agri- 
culture, services, and invest- 
ments in other areas. 

Mr Paul Channon, the Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, is expected to play a 
crucial role in the talks as the 
“honest power broker” who 
win seek to forge a com- 
promise in his capacity as 
chairman of the European 
Economic Community min - 
isters council. Britain holds 
the presidency. 

At the outset, the talks are 

dispute over agriculture at the 
last Gatt ministerial meeting 
in Geneva. France has already 
objected to the bn g n yg g on 
agriculture in the working 
communique and the United 
Sates has threatened to walk 
out if the language on phasing 
out subsidies is weakened. 

Mr Channon V aim is to 
secure an agreement on the 
EEC nations by today or 
tomorrow in order to achieve 
a negotiating strategy that will 
remove as many obstacles as 
possible on agriculture and 

Britain's goal in the talks is 
to place as many issues on the 
agenda as possible to allow the 
round to go forward in a 
manner which win cover all 
the broad bade areas. The 
British delegation, which is 
also headed by Mr Alan Clark, 
the trade minis ter, will also 
-press for specific language 
urging the world to address the 

‘ >i\ '<^Z. September, five months later. 

.• ' ■ 'I'Ka Ctoniliiiwl A Bnow CAl 




; p=. 

- - 


JjThe Standard & Poors 500 
stock market index, which [ 
increased from 170 to 243 in 
- MM-Aprfl, ' has since just 
passed 250. 
f'The NYFE index of stock 
v fjrares, which rose from 100 in 
i October to 144 in mid-April, 
bps foiled to exceed 145 
'-npific^iitly since that time. 
.'XThe explanation is not to be | 
found in aiiy of the following: 

• A sodden advance of eco- 
nomic activity after mid-April. 
The second qnarter has turned 
oat to be the worst for four 

• An equally sodden advancel 
in -the price of gold, ofl, -or | 
commodities as a rthnte- 

• There. Was ^dso-oo-j 
advance in money growth-iMI, 
M2 and M3 grew more slowly 
in February, March and April 
than in 1985b- 

The absence of any such 
factors learn foe bond bolls 
seemingly without any reason- 
able explanation for what has 
| happened. 

For nndonbtedly, the bears 
command the markets 
One important event did 
take place in the middle of 
April: die second in tbe series 
of four arts in the discount 

Tbe markets persist in call- 
ing for disco nnt rate cuts. Bat 
since the second of the recent 
series, bond prices have fallen, 
bond yields have risen and 
stock prices tumbled. 

Back in mid-April, the yield 
on the 90-day bill was jnst 
Aabost 6 per cent and the yield 
.*on the long-term treasuries 
was about 7^ per cent, wring a 
yield gap of about 140 basis 
points. Today the yield gap is 
about 223 basis points. 

This substantial steepening 
has been interpreted by the 
markets as indicating inflation 
on a “surge of growth”. 

In a cartons way, therefore, 
the Fed, by stfxpening the 
yield curve, has created a fear 
of inflation tbat simply will not 
be displaced by arguments 
based on facts sndb as the rise 
in oil, gold and platinum price 
futures, the CRB futures index 
and" the teeming rise in die 
payroll employment numbers 
. for August These inflation 
f and “growth surge” fears are 
entirely irrational. But they 
have a strong hold on the 
financial markets. 

opening presst 

s foreign minister, right, 

large Japanese trade surpluses. 

As ministers gathered today 
to give their opening state-' 
merits, a group of natrons led 
by Nigeria, Zimbabwe and 
Jamaica, launched a camp ai gn 
to unseat South Africa from 
membership in protest against 
its apartheid racial policies. 

Tbe protest against South 
Africa was not supported by 
Britain and the United States 
and was not expected to 
succeed. The protesting na- 
tions threatened to walk out. 
An equally .embarrassing mo- 
tion to seat tbe Soviet Union 
at tbe talks with observer 
status was also expected to 


Tbe United Slates, which 
has pressed for years for the 
start of the: new round, has 
much at stake in the talks 

Mr Clayton Yeutter, the US 
trade representative, said on a 
US Air Force plane en route to 
the talks that a success in 
Puma del Este was crudal to 
President Reagan's trade poli- 
cies in 1987. 

Faced with protectionist 
measures in Congress, and a 
trade deficit projected at $200 
billion in 1986; the US 
Administration believed it 
must have action on five key 
issues to fight off the protec- 
tionist pressures at home. 
These include language in the 
communique covering, in 
addition to agriculture and 
services investment, intellec- 
tual property rights, and 
strengthening of the Gatt. 

In the area of intellectual 
property rights alone, which 
covers such tilings as patented 
drug products and high-tech- 
nology inventions, tbe US 
claims it is losing $20 billion a 
year through counterfeiting 
and piracy. 

Drive latmched to raise 


By Out Industrial Correspondent 

modi as any other EEC 

A substantial increase in 
inquiries at the Tokyo em- 
bassy from British companies 
and potential Japanese im- 
porters has been received. In 
the first six months of the 
year, a record 1,400 business- 
men sought the assistance of 
tbe embassy’s commercial 

The Government has em- 
barked on a drive to persuade 
UK manufacturers to ■ take 
advantage of the rise in value 
of the yen to export more 
consumer and industrial 
goods to Japan. 

With the UK’s top 30 
exports to Japan totalling only 
about £1 billion a year, min- 
isters believe that the time is 
now ripe for a British on- 
slaught on Japanese 
consumers. - 

Armed with intelligence 
from the British embassy in 
Tokyo, Whitehall officials say 
Britain is in a favourable 
position because the country 
has attracted 36 per cent of all 
Japanese investment in Eu- 
rope in recent years - twee as 

The UK Government is 
determined that industry 
should grasp the new opportu- 
nities and reverse Britain’s 
declining share of total Japa- 
nese imports which has 
dropped from 1.9 per cent to 
1.4 per cent by value in the 
five years to 1985. 

World stock 
markets focus 
on London 

The London Stock Ex- 
change will be watched ner- 
vously by investors around 
the world when it opens for 
trading at 9am today. After 
last week's heavy foils in New 
York and London, dealers will 
be focusing on London as the 
first major market to open 
since the weekend. Tokyo is 
closed today 

The FT-30 Share Index fell 
by 67.5 points last week to end 
at 1,270.9. Tbe loss was 
caused by panic selling on 
Wall Street on Thursday when 
the Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage fell by 86 points before 
fading another 34. 17 points on 

Dealers are likely to take a 
cautious attitute until New 
York starts trading at 

i& e 

Change in store at BHS 

Staff give tbe final touches to the redesigned BHS store in 
Glasgow at the weekend when all 128 branches of the chain 
were revamped following the merger with Sir Terence 
Conran's Habitat Mothercare group. 

‘Growth will reach 
3.1% next year’ 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

growth in the narrow money 
rose, M0. 

The Liverpool forecast is for 
3.1 per cent growth next year, 
after 27 per cent this year. 
Inflation, measured by the 
consumer price index, is to 
average 3.4 per cent next year 
after 3.7 per cent this year, 
before foiling below 3 per cent 
for the rest of the decade. 

Unemployment is forecast 
to foil gently but will not drop 
below 3 million before 1989. 

The balance of payments is 
expected to slip into deficit 
next year, in hue with most 
forecasts. But the Liverpool 
projection is for a current 
account deficit of only £0.1 
billion next year, compared 
with the National Institute's 
deficit forecast of £5.8 billion. 

Tbe forecast, published by 
Liverpool Macroeconomic 
Research, remains at the 
optimistic end of the range of 
British projections. 

The economy will grow 
more strongly next year, 
buoyed by consumer spend- 
ing, according to the latest 
quarterly forecast from the 
Liverpool University Group 
headed by Professor Patrick 

A modest decline in un- 
employment is also possible, 
as the Government's special 
measures take effect 
Inflation is expected to re- 
main at or below 3 percent for 
the rest of the decade. 

“Uncertainties -about - oil 
prices and opposition policies, 
have unsettled financial 
markets,” Professor M inford 
says. “Tight monetary policy, 
partly in response to this 
uncertainty, has led to a 
weakening in business 

He believes that the Chan- 
cellor should cut interest rates 
in line with the present slow 

G-5 to review progress 

The Group of Five will 
meet in Washington on 
September 26, with the aim of 
reviving economic coopera- 
tion between the leading 

The finance ministers and 
central bankers of the five 
countries — the United States, 
Britain, West Germany, Japan 

and France — will be seeking 
to iron out policy differences 
that have arisen ahead of the 
main IMF meeting. 

The meeting is expected to 
review progress following a 
further foil of tbe dollar 
against both the mark and the 
yen, since the last Group of 
Five meeting in ApriL 

jobs for 
10 %’ 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Long-term unemployment 
is being dented by one of the 
latest initiatives of the Man 
power Services Commission 

Restart, an intensive 
counselling scheme for the 
long-term unemployed, was 
launched nationally at the 
beginning of July after some 
six-month pilot schemes 
proved effective. First indica- 
tions are that 10 per cent of 
those counselled are finding 

Another MSC initiative, the 
JobClub, which coaches the 
unemployed in job-hunting, 
has also sinned producing 
encouraging results. One in 
three of those going through 
the clubs are finding jobs. 
Some long-term unemployed 
are being referred to Job Clubs 
through the Restart scheme. 

Grappling with the long- 
term unemployed problem is 
now a crucial target, said Mr 
Bryan Nicholson, the MSC 
chairman. He went on: “With 
those out of work for less than 
four years the tide has been 
turned but not with those 
unemployed for longer. Hope- 
fully we shall start to do that.” 

While the number of those 
jobless for four years or less 
has been sliding over the past 
J2 months, those on the dole 
for up to five years has risen 
11.5 per cent while those 
without a job for five years or 
more has gone up 48 per cenL 
Employers tend to favour 
those most recently in a job. 
The long-term jobless also lose 
motivation and become out of 
touch. A Restart course, usu- 
ally lasting a week, aims to pul 
that right. 

Out of 167,000 people coun- 
selled in the Restart pro- 
gramme to August 14 just over 
17,000 have found jobs, 
according to the latest MSC 
returns. The MSC has re- 
cruited 2,000 civil servants to 
carry through the Restart pro- 
gramme which aims try next 
March to interview all of the 
13 million who have, been 
unemployed "for a year or 

The MSC has already heard 
of some successes. At Dyfed in 
Wales a man out of work for 
five years was found a 
labourer's job within half ao 
hour. A cook at Liverpool was 
placed in part-time work after 
17 years without a job. 

Mr Nicholson said: “No- 
body should be written off just 
because they are long-term 
unemployed. Restart is all 
about ensuring that does not 
happen by giving the long- 
term unemployed an equal 
chance of gening a better share 
of what is going.” 

There are now 250 
JobCubs around the country. 
By the year end the MSC 
hopes to have 300 clubs rising 
to 450 by ApriL 

Top pay 
at 7.7% 

By Edward Townsend, 
Industrial Correspondent 

Many of Britain's largest 
employers are ignoring the 
decline in inflation and paying 
their executives large salary 
and merit rises in a bid to 
discourage them leaving for 
better paid jobs with 

The latest quarterly figures 
from the top pay unit of 
Incomes Data Services (IDS) 
show that the average increase . 
recorded in the three months 
was 7.7 per cent - more than 
three times higher than the 24 
percent inflation rate 
The rate of executive pay 
rises has hardly declined from 
the 8 per cent of a year ago. but 
IDS stresses that current 
awards were budgeted for 
when inflation was 4-5 per 

The latest IDS survey, 
covering 1 10 organizations of 
which more than half are 
manufacturing companies, 
shows that some senior man- 
agers in the private sector 
have been awarded salary rises 
of 25 per cent in recent 
months, although “an excep- 
tional executive” would nor- 
mally expea to receive 12-15 

Where direct comparison 
was possible, 12 of the manu- 
facturers paid bigger executive 
increases this year than last, 
15 lower and five the same. 

Those paying more in- 
cluded Allied Breweries, 
Campbell's Soups, Fisons and 
Greenhall Whitley. Those 
who have cut the rate of 
increase include Anchor 
Foods. Bestobell. B1CC, 
Bronx Engineering. Glaxo, 
ICI. Shell UK and 3M. 

In the public seaor, the 
latest pay reviews range from 
5.5 per cent for people such as 
heads and vice principals at 
lytechnics and colleges of 
titer education to the 6.5 
per cent just agreed for 
electricity supply managers. 
Groups covered by review 
bodies have done a little 

better: " * 

IDS comments: “Though - 
generally- still below average, 
pay awards in the public seaor ' 
have often been higher this 
year than last but continuing 
Government restraints have 
meant pay levels falling still 
further behind those in the 
private sector”. 

The IDS figures reflea the 
dramatic impaa on salaries of 
the big bang in the City next 
month, with the “market 
making”conglomerates fight- 
ing for investment and soft- 
ware skills. 

TSB float 

Telephone inquiries about 
the flotation of the Trustee 
Savings Bank should be made 
to 0272 300 300 and not to the 
London office of the bank as 
was suggested in Family 
Money on Saturday 

LET set to bid 

London & Edinburgh Trust 
(LET), the property and finan- 
cial services group, appears set 
to bid for ReQock Trust, Mr 
Nick Oppenbeim's factoring 

In a complex arrangement, 
due to be announced tins 
week, LET will reverse its 
financial services arm into 
Kellock and then make an 
offer for the group. However, 
LET is intent on retaining 
Kell ode’s listing and tire bid is 
likely to be only just above 
Friday's close of 91p, which 
valued Kellock at about £11 





■: TODAY - Interims: 

Boustead. CD Bramall. John 
*; Crowther Group, EIS Group, 

' Hugh Mackay, Manders 
v Holdings. Manor National, 
Myson Group. PE Inter- 
, national. P&F Stores, 
“ Ransomcs, Sims & Jefferies, 
-• Shires Investment, Simon En- 
i gineering, Soundtracs, Suter, 
Television Services Inier- 
1 national, T&S Stores. Finals: 

^ LDalgeiy. Dorn Holdings, Er- 
•’ - nest Green and Partners, GT 
Japan Investment Trust. John 
• Hafegas. London Securities 
‘ TOMORROW - Interims: 

Barton Group, Brixton Es- 
' tates, Croda International, Es- 
tates and General 
Investments, First Scottish 
■ American Trust, Fisons, Hall 
Engineering, Iceland Frozen 
Foods, Bernard Matthews. 
Metsec, Pittard Group, ET 
Sutherland and Son. Trade 
Indemnity, Watmoughs 
: Moldings), Stewart 
, Wrightson, Yule Caito. 
Finals: Abaco Investments, 

\ Consolidated Gold Fields, • 
CPU Computers. Macro _ 4, 
Men vale Moore, Mezzanine 
Capital Corporation. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Banro Industries, Bern rose 
Corporation. Bridon. 
Candbver Investments. 
Delaney Group. . Legal . and 


General. Lodge Care, Minet 
Holdings, M6 Cash & Carry, 
Reckin & Colman, Renown, 
Rio Tinto-Zinc, Scottish Her- 
itable Trust, Sun Life Assur- 
ance, United Biscuits, 
Woolworth Holdings. Finals: 
Armstrong Equipment, Bris- 
tol Channel Ship Repairers, 
Lee International Mucklow 
( A&J) Group, Precious Metals 
Trust, George H Scholes. 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
William Baird, Barr & Wal- 
lace Arnold Trust, Barrow 
Hepburn Group, Boddington 
Breweries. Bodycote Inter- 
national, Garten Engineering, 
Kenning Motor Group. La- 
porte Industries,. Mote 
O’Ferrall Morrison (Wm) 
Supermarkets, J T Parrish, 
Perry Group. Trinity Inter- 
national Wolsrenholme Rink. 
Finals: Blanchards, Conti- 
nental Microwave Holdings, 
DPCE Holdings, Hampden 
Homecare, Home Farm Prod- 
ucts, Westpoo! Investment 

FRIDAY - Interims: Breedon 
and Cloud Hill Lime Works, 
Cory (Horace) lo. Dinkie 
Heel. Enterprise Oil. 
Wordpfex Information Sys- 
tems. Finals: Northern Indus- 
trial Improvement Trust. 
West Yorkshire Independent 

Why US futures traders 
like the ways of the past 

From Richard Lander, Bmgenstock, Switzerland 
Currency markets have been itself. However, they also least dipping 

conducted by means ot video 
screens and telepbone fines for 
years and stock exchanges, 
certainly the London one, 
appear to be beaded that way. 
Bat if the men and women who 
ran the world's largest futures 
and options markets have 
their way, floor traders wifl 
still be goi «;» strong — kicking 
and screaming their orders in 
tbe trading pits — well into (he 
next century. 

By dint of their large size, it 
is the American markets 
which rale the roost in the 
options and Mures world. 
Over the past 10 years they 
havetiemonstrated the scale of 
their inventiveness by the 
rapid expansion of contracts, 
particularly in the financial 
and stock index sphere. 

Yet the same executives who 

came up with some more 
rational explanations. Firstly, 
they said, the system works 
and can provide great liquid- 
ity, even after the exponential 
growth in business over the 
past 10 years and the record 
volumes seen last Thursday, 
the day of the Wall Street 
bloodbath. Bat can the pits 
survive another decade of such 

Mr Paul Stevens of the 
American Stock Exchange ar- 
gued that a share is a share 
and a currency is a currency, 
but a future or an option is a 
panoply of different series and 
strike prices that can only be 
charted in all its varieties on a 
central exchange floor. 

Whether those banks which 
have been equally inventive in 

its toe m, 

particularly the minnows 
the industry. Tbe New Zea- 
land Futures Exchange may 
do less business in a year than 
some US markets do in a day, 
but it does it all through a fully 
automated trading sysb 
developed by the International 
Commodities Clearing House. 

Mr Leonard Ward, the 

made it clear he wanted to 
needle some of tbe industry 
giants. The automated system, 
he pointed out, provided a 
perfect audit trail for trans- 
actions, the current bag bear of 
regulatory authorities on both 
sides of the Atlantic. And, 
without even invoking the 
longevity of his descendants, 
he maintained that “by the 
torn of the century, all of 
futures exchanges will be ns- 

Hurly-burly of the 
trading pits 

continually break these con- 
tract frontiers are loath to 
consider a world without trad- 
ing flows where business is 
executed at the touch of a 

For many of the exchange 
chiels here at the annual 
meeting of the Swiss Gommod- 
itiesand Futures Association, 
the whole question of doing 
with open outcry trading 
a raw nerve. 

Asked when the pit system 
would vanish, more than one 
evoked his family by replying: 
“Not hi my children's or 
grandchildren's lifetime”. 

Many of the executives 
obviously consider that the 
hurly-burly of the trading {tits 
is as essential to futures ami 
trading as baseball 
and apple pie are to America 

risk-management in- 
struments for their clients 
would agree is questionable. 

The exchanges also realize 
tbat they are qo more than the 

sum of their members, and 
many of their members, 
particularly individual “local” 
traders, would be without a 
firing if the pits went and the 
telephones took over. 

Several exchanges have in- 
troduced, or plan to use, 
automatic execution for small 
orders in an attempt to chip 
away at toe paper contract 
mountain in the pits. Doubt- 
less aware that such technol- 
ogy can easily be extended to 
any size of orders, floor trad- 
ers have raised doubts. Mr Bill 
Brodsky, president of the Chi- 
cago Mercantile Exchange, 
sank “Whenever we say 
automation to floor traders 
the}' think we're trying to pot 
them out of business”. 

But where America fears to 
tread, the rest of the world is at 

Aiming to needle 
industry giants 

ing some form of antomated 
trading system for some or afl 
of their products”. 

Another folly antomated ex- 
change Is tbe Swedish options 
market, which trades more 
than 8,000 contracts daily in 
10 Swedish stocks as well as 
Treasury bonds. Fifteen mar- 
ket makers are involved, a 
number which wifi be doubled 
soon. Both the Swedish and 
New Zealand markets have 
been going for less than two 
years, but other more estab- 
lished exchanges are also 
] oolong at tbe idea. One 
thought to be considering the 
matter dosely as a way of 
expanding into new related 
contracts is the London 
Commodity Exchange, home 
of Britain's futures markets 
for coffee, cocoa and sugar, 


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by mirrors 

Fend managers are mea- 
sured according to the perfor- 
mance of their funds a gainst 
an index of the market in the 
United Kingdom the most 
representative index is the 
FT A All-Share Index. 

The purpose of indevatio n, 
or passive hand managemen t 
ash is also called, is to enable 
a portfolio, or part of a 
portfolio, to mirror the perfor- 
mance of a chosen index. In 
practice, exact matching is 
impossible because managers 
cannot always bay all the 
securities comprising the in- 
dex. In addition, dealing and 
management costs will always 
result in a certain amount of 

Passive fund managers do 
not agree among themselves as 
to the “correct” method of 

Managers who seek to rep- 
licate the index will bold every 
stock comprising the index. 
This can be very expensive to 
maintain, especially when 
investing new money or 
reinvesting dividends across 
what can be several hundred 

Managers who seek to 
duplicate the index will use a 
representative sample which 
can be relied on to track the 
movements of the whole index 
within defined limi ts This 
type of indexing is much 
cheaper to run. 



Index-matching the job for fund managers * >;i 

Based on their long-term 
performance record, fund 
managers should index-match 
their funds, dear out their 
desks and go home. Over a 
sustained period, most fund 
managers will fail even to 
match the index they are 
trying to beaL Therefore, the 
solution to stopping them 
from frittering away our fu- 
ture pensions is passive fund 

So runs the argument put 
forward by some of the more 
enthusiastic advocates of in- 
dex-matching, or passive fund 
management. There are now 
sophisticated computer pro- 
grammes which enable port- 
folios to mirror the index so 
that, excluding dealing costs, 
they will perform exactly in 
line with the index. 

Active pension fund man- 
agers labour under many dis- 
advantages. To begin with, the 
sheer size of their funds tends 
to make them inflexible. A 
single investment decision can 
involve the need to move 
millions of pounds and very 
often positions in stocks can- 
not be built up quickly. 

Another disadvantage is 
that fund manag ers are operat- 
ing in sophisticated and ef- 
ficient markets peopled by 
individuals who have been 
trained in the same invest- 
ment culture and who think 
and act alike. Most of the 
information on which invest- 
ment decisions are based is 
readily available to all of 

them, and share prices adjust 
quickly to their collective 

In the UK, only 25 per cent 
of equities by market 
capitalization is owned by 
individual investors. The 
other 75 per cent is 
“managed" by one type of 
institution or another. The 
fond managers therefore are 
the index to a very large extent 
and they are all trying to 
outperform one another. 

But when they all have the 
same information, think alike 
and respond in similar ways. 

Operators fail to 
beat rivals because 
they think alike 

none is likely to be able to 
maintain an advantage over 
the others for very long. The 
empirical evidence is that in 
the long term, regardless of 
how well they are staffed, most 
investment firms fad to do so. 

Analysis of performance 
statistics shows that as much 
as 80 per cent of a fund's 
return is attributable to strate- 
gic derisions and only 20 per 
cent to stock picking. In other 
words, it is much more im- 
portant to be in the right 
markets than to be in the right 

•The chart bears this out In 
1981, fund managers should 
have avoided Australia and 
Canada and invested heavily 

in Japan and the United 
States In 1983, Australia was 
the best performing market, 
but in 1985 it was one of the 
worst, and the successful fund 
would have been over- 
weighted in Europe and the 
United Kingdom in 1985. 

This suggests an important 
conclusion: fond managers 
should spend most of their 
time evaluating each country's 
economy, currency, inflation 
outlook and stock markets, 
rather than analysing individ- 
ual stocks. 

Traditionally, the emphasis 
has been the other way. Teams 
of analysts pore over the 
minutiae of company profit 
forecasts, while global market 
economic analysis has been 
left to a very few 
speriaIist$.Bul it has to be said 
that they may not be any more 
successful at picking markets 
than they were at picking 

What also emerges from the 
chart is that UK pension fund 
managers often do signifi- 
cantly worse than the local 
indices when they invest over- 
seas. They outperformed in 
Tokyo in 1981 and 1983, but 
underperformed in 1985. 
They consistently 

underperformed by significant 
margins in Australia, the US 
and Canada. 

They most densely tracked 
the index in the UK, further 
proof of the dominance of 
nurd management thinking in 
the British market. But it is 

their home market and the 
one they know bet 
This leads to a second 
conclusion: on current form 
there is a strong case for 
indexing at least part or all of 
the overseas portfolio, and 
possibly also a case for index- 
ing the UK portfolio since, 
over time, performance in line 
with the market is the best the 
UK portfolio manager can 
hope to achieve. 

Fund ■ management 
organizations tend to be small, 
with few decision makers. It is 
very difficult for most 

Expertise needed 
for global work 
can be expensive 

management houses to main- 
tain the level of knowledge 
and expertise needed for 
global investment except at 

very great cost. 

Passive fund managem ent 
is more commonly found in 
the US than in the UK, but is 
possibly not indulged in as 
mudi as the bald numbers 
sugg est It amounts to $19 
billion (£13 million) out of 
$186 billion of US corporate 
pension fund schemes in- 
vested in US equities, or 
around 10 per cent. Across all 
types of funds, it is estimated 
that there is a total of $80 
billion is estimated to be in 
passive funds, again about 10 

In the UK, there is an 
estimated £8 billion of pas- 
sively managed funds, equiva- 
lent to 5 per cent of the £150 
billion of UK pension funds 
invested in the equity market 

Indexing has caught on with 
only a handful of UK pension 
fund managers. PosTd and 
the British Telecom pension 
funds alone account for £4.5 
billion of this. 

Aquilla Investment Ser- 
vices, the passive fund 
management arm of financial 
conglomerate BZW, claims to 
be the next biggest with £1-5 
billion. Close behind is 
County Securities. The Esso 
pension fond is much smaller, 
but it has more than 75 per 
cent of its UK equity portfolio 

Interest in passive fund 
management looks set to grow 
with the increasing globaliza- 
tion of markets. Aquilla is 
expanding its passive funds, 
while Chase Manhattan and 
Legal and General have both 
announced they are setting up 
indexed funds. 

Once indexation really 
catches on, and everybody 
goes global the international 
market win become increas- 
ingly efficient, and fond man- 
agers will be bade where they 
started, this time 
underper fo r m ing the global 

Until, that iSj some bright 
spark suggests picking stocks! 

Carol Ferguson 

~~ How Ult 

_ Europe « 

iTA Japgp £2 UK PwoJoo Find 

\ E2UK Futt® SmsCI E urope tadu 




Australia - 
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composMi Max 



1981 1983 


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ipsiPC iunp o rtf 

985 I 1981 1983 1989 


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1M 1C* 


1961 1983 198S I 1981 

3ovt«n*wuCttnn*y 8 w«w»»h»i»p — ”"B 


1M1 1983 1985 


little piggyb 


to market 

FULL /%, 

ryo g, , ru-u-LJ i 

\ banking / %, 


— | 
mortgages : Is 

\ 03 CL 

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Don’t be the one who stayed at home. 

The TSB was never in fact a piggy bank. It has 
now become a major banking and financial services 
group with nearly 1600 branches all over the UK. 
(A lithe of its anatomy is shown above.) 

Shares in TSB Group are being offered far sale 
to the public. The proceeds win help the Group to - 
strengthen and d^relop its services stiH farther We 
hope you’ll consider the share offer most caieMy 

Tb apply, you need an application form. This, 
together with a prospectus, is now available at every TSB 
branch. Application farms are also being published 
in the national press. 

You can mate your application far TSB shares now. 

Remember there is only a short time to apply. 
The instructions far delivery of your application 
are printed at the back of the prospectus. You can 
hand in the farm at any TSB branch before it closes on 
TUesday, 23rd September; 1986. m 

If you're sending it by post it 
must arrive no later than 10am on HjKKI 
Wednesday, 24th September, 1986. SSjjS Bg gT 
The TSB wants shareholders 
from all over tiie country and all ^ 

walks of life. 1 9 w 8 6 

Nbwitfs your turn to say yes. 

Issued by Lazard Brothers & Co.. Limited through the TSB Group Share Information Office, on behalf of the Trustee Savings Banks Central Board. 


Rates threaten 
to hit 11% 

Even gnarled London deal- obliges the Fed to tighten in a 
ers admitted to a sense of relief bid to restore confidence. 

last Friday when the wind- 
down started ahead of the 
weekend. Never before, 
admitted one old gilt hand, 
have prices fallen so for and so 
fast — and then turned round 
and moved the other way. The 
overall direction for yields 
may be upwards, but it is all 
too easy to get whipsawed on 
the way. 

In the past fortnight, prices 
have fallen about four points. 
At one stage last week, furious 
selling saw prices down six 
points. This means that yields 
have risen by 40 basis points 
since' the start of the month, 
rising from 9.61 per cent to 
10.04 percent. 

Yet on Friday afternoon, 
between 130 and 135 after 
US retail sales data and the 
Producer Prices Index were 
released, futures rose by two 
points — and then lost one. 

The picture seems fairly 

Such is the theory which 
attempts to enshrine last 
week's violent New York sell- 
off in some form of rational 
structure. Equally, the US is 
quite capable of eluding the 
policy constraints which Ja- 
pan and Germany seek to 
impose on it by cutting rates 
again, and forcing the dollar 
down through support levels. 

The UK's role in this global 
power-play is ambivalent. 
London seems to have en- 
joyed the worst of all worlds in 
the shakeout mainly because 
of the flawed composition of 
its exchange rate and mone- 
tary policies. 

London has been targeting 
Frankfurt on interest rate 
policy; this has kept rates high ' 
and supported sterling. But 
gilts have been shadowing 
New York, a split which 
enabled the Chancellor to let 
monetary policy grow un- 

easy to rationalize. But how without any obvious 

the United Kingdom fits in y mas. The op- 

remains incalculable. 

The September market 
gyrations represent a study in 
changing inter-relationships 
between the three main cash 
variables which influence 
investor sentiment — money 
rates; bond yields; and ex- 
change rates. Continued 
adherence by Germany and 
Japan to tight monetary poli- 
cies has devastated the pre- 

tirnism built into this struc- 
ture has now been laid bare. 

A gilts’ sell-off would be 
enough to destabilize sterling. 
This would bring the 
Chancellor's whole con- 
voluted structure tumbling 
down, by forcing interest rates 
up to defend the currency. 
And higher rates threaten the 
very coping-stone of the 
Chancellors pre-election strat- 
egy. Since an early election 

vious structure established by 

the US. The net effect of them SSSSSf 9 

rigid stance has been to leave 811 aut S nn ^ uke . in f ates 

bond yields in London and “ t^SSnniMiL fJSSSt 
N ew York seeking a new 7* 
higher level of retirS. 

The Bank of Japan and the 
Bundesbank would like to see 
monetary .policy tailored to 

therefore, to prevent base 
rates rising to 11 per cent this 

The Government's chances 

exchange rate stability. If of avoiding a base rate rise 
bonds sell off then rising bond look worse than 50:50. De- 

yields are the negative by- 
product of more sensible 

mand for credit is booming. 

In short, German and Japa- 
nese moves to impose a 

More disquieting for bond different set of disciplines on 
market bulls is the way central foe US is impacting on British 
bankers in Tokyo and Frank- credit policy in a vicious way. 
fort appear to have developed London may pull through 
a market strategy capable of without a base rate rise, but it 
imposing this view. In the looks unlikely. German 

sh ort te rm, this shows up as 
determined intervention in 

wth is powering ahead. By 
the Bundesbank ought to 

forex markets, putting a floor bo thinking of tightening. And 
to the dollar above DM2 and Germany is the price maker in 

Yen 150. 

Rising US bond yields sup- 
port the dollar, but devastate 

this siutation. 

The full ripple effect of a 
harsher climate for rates has 

investor sentiment, as traders S' 61 J° Ne T v York and 
start to fear a resurgence in whose key cash van- 

inflation. Equities crash off *2* thoroughly destabi- 

mflation. Equities crash off 
witness last week’s record fen 
by the Dow Jones. Eventually, 
the upwards shift in money 
market rates more or less 

ables look thoroughly destabi- 
lized. Gilts, even at lu per cent 
yields, seem expensive. 

Christopher Dunn 

Orion Royal Bank 

Gross Distribution per Unit 
Less 15% U^A. Withholding Tax 

2.75 cents 
0.4125 cents 

_ 23375 cents 

Converted * ILJIJ £00.54290.3 

a *** ■ 

square on the back of the certificaUL the a Pi m >P r »te 

All other claimants must comniete the cnw j,i r * . 

present this at ihc above address *2" and 

for marking by the Naiionafw^iS^^f p?r fi SS*} 
applications cannot be accemecL Bank PLC Postal 

DATE 8 September 1986. 

aa a 


** t 





;, -M 

-L G r ^ ■ 

■ s threats 

hit 111 


KLP leads the way with 
Sales promotion services 

Sales promotion is to some 
extent the unsung hero of the 
marketing world- With an 
estimated United Kingdom 
total of more than £5 mUion 
annual spending, it takes a 
rather huger proportion of the 
total marketing expenditure 
than advertising. 

Historically it has received 
far less attention than the 
high-profile advertising agen- 
cies. This was partly due to the 
fact that a large proportion of 
the sales promotion spending 
was allocated in-house, 
whereas nearly all advertising 
is placed through agencies. 

However, this is now 
changed and a number of sales 
promotion consultancies have 
emerged as major forces in the 
industry reflecting their exper- 
tise and growing range of 

Five of ' these businesses 
have come to the USM so far 
and one . of them has recently 
graduated to the main market. 

Due to the rather poorly 
documented native of the 
industry it is difficult to gouge 
its size or growth reconL but 
most industry commentators 
believe that growth has been — 
and is likely to remain — in the 
15-10-20 per cent a year 

London 'Shop Property 
Trust: Mr John BusheD be- 
comes chairman and chief 
executive from October 23. 

Ash & Lacy Perforators: Mr 
Peter Robinson has been made 
managing director. 

Stewart Wrightson: Mr G 
Boden becomes chairman, 
Stewart Wrightson Construc- 
tion Risks, Mr GT Sanders 
chairman, Stewart Wrightson ' 
Excess Risks and Mr GF 
Nixon chairman, Stewart 
Wrightson Freight 


This has been fester than 
that of advertising, and 
accordingly the sales promo- 
tion stare of the marketing 
expenditure has been increas- 
ing. - 

The chief reason for this has 
been its growing competitive- 
ness in cost terms, in compari- 
son with the high level of 
media price inflation, and the 
growing awareness of its effec- 
tiveness as a -marketing tool 
combined with the develop- 
ment in expertise of die sales 
promotion agencies. 

The KLP Group came to the 
USM in 1983 and is the 
acknowledged industry leader. 
Siace its flotation the com- 
pany has made a number of 
acquisitions to broaden its 
range of activities, including 
overseas operations in France 
and Holland. . It has 
established a substantial op- 
eration in the actual servicing 
of promotional . campaigns 
through its Parker Redmiie 
and Robert Guy operations. 

These operations 'have 
warehousing and distribution 
capabilities and work both for 
the parent company and 
undertake external work for 
third parties. In addition, KLP 
owns Odhams Leisure Group 
and SML which are involved 

m the direct marlrFfrng Tinsi. 

ness. KLP shares are on a 
prospective p/e of about 14 for 
the year to September 1986. . 

FKB was the next agency,to 
come to the USM, and al- 
though less active than KLP 
with regard to acquisitions, 
has shown good growth and 
has proved to be very success- 
ful in starting new operations 

in which the manag ement 

often retains a minority 1 


It has also taken the fairly 
unusual step of entering the 
field of public relations, by the 
establishment of Jarvis Read, 
in which it has a 75 per cent 
stake and has operations in 
the telephone marketing,, de- 
sign and field promotion- sec- 
tors. The shares are on a 
prospective p/e of about 19 for 
the year ending March 1987. 

Counter Products Market- 
ing came to the USM in 1985 
and is rather different from its 
three companions. Firstly, it 
outdares them by a consid- 
erable margin having been 
established m the 1930s. Sec- 
ondly, its core business is the 
provision of ancillary sales 
merchandising and promo- 
tional personnel rather than a 
sales promotion consultancy. 
In effect CPM acts as an 


McAvoy Wrefbrd Bayley: 
Mr Philip Cwmelly joins as 
corporate affairs director. 

Hawker Siddeley Dynamics 
Engineering: Mr John Lee 
becomes deputy chairman and 
Mr Tom Buckle managing 

Unilever. Sir Robert Has- 
lam has been made an ad- 
visory director. 

Baltic Trust Managers: Mr 
Peter Jeffreys becomes 
managing director. . 

Cambridge Life Sciences: 
Mr Christopher Savory be- 

comes director, marketing. 

Charter Consolidated: Mr 
RHR Kettle becomes a non- 
executive director. 

TIP-Europe: Mr Tony 
Rieger becomes managing 

MAC Group (London): Mr 
Paul Wilson has been, made 
vice president. 

Slough Estates: Mr Derek 
Wilson joins as an executive 
director from November 1. 

Cecil Gee: Mr Terence 
Donovan becomes group fi- 
nance director. 


Q|MH«mi i 

t Concanr 

Pnca CtiaeGrass On 
Itst on d» YU 
Finlay twafc pence % P/E 

SjBSZAOO A • M Gp 10 

4.484.000 ATA SMKKM 48 

B.122JH0 AOMwmt 124 

S.1BMXB AMnMn SOi Hao <3 

— - *xms Saatta 
312a Acorn Camp 47 

75fij000 AOli Jawiiwy M 

3750000 Mam IMn 15 

114m Mr Cal 2i0 

0250000 Ajrtpmg 103 

31 an AM* 298 

142h Anon Saar* Mm 164 

0100400 Aimar 104 

a»O000 ARMVM 158 

3(LBn. Aapan Cwmp 323 

4U4w Aaptoal- -422 v 

BKBm Aapnaj - .OH - 

27*0000 A540C Burn 33 ' 

1 27m A3D v 178 

104m ABM Ecrtwam 124 

5420.000 Aiaaoapo . 28 

5582400 Baa Dnlgn SB 

5.411*0 BPP 188 

4771.000 BTS Gip 83 

3443.000 Bastard flMUm) 83 

164m Bmn 8 Pdmtan 26'r 

4.117400 Samoa! Crisp* 42 

154m Brtuiay K May 1 B*j 


1420400 So HW*HM 13 

1421 4 ® a mmec i wniM 23 

8400400 BlOB* « 

5400400 Blanchards 118 

134m aimhad Toys 220 

7t Om Borland 1*3 

3465400 Bnwnatar 20 

4.403400 BaMat 85 

7457.00® anm iw 

19.8m Bntanna Sac 118 

6408.000 Br BtoOdMoefc 1B0 

9440400 Br man£ 53 

11 .4*1 Brand Si 60 

11 .4m Broad Si 50 

14.1m Broetonoum 238 

9JOOLODO Brawn (Charito) 155 

4754400 IfcyMH (Oarak) IW 

■ &*» Battmreaa 2 

3488400 CCA OaAonss 80 

12.0m CML FAcro . 150 

1408400 CPS Comp . •'» 

5425.000 CPU Comp 31 

182m CVD „ 'if 

— caMoman on re 

3750400 ttmotBcn SB 

2B4m tanron Straw bw 140 

7&3n Central TV 3Z> 

14.5m Oianoary Secs 107 

5.400400 OmcHpomi Europe 135 

134m CMmb Man 19 

228400 Omni MaMods Vi 

nuiamimw 29 
147B400 CBer 12 

2.882JMi0 Cayvtelon 27 

998400 Coyvtaun 7% *75 

3 J9&0KJ CtoWnnr T2 

1 i.7m dam* Hoop* 1IB 

2463.000 Ctanau GWd IB'i 


ibjm com EmareU so 

HA6340O CoSne 125 

3.889.000 Cotorgan MC » 

5419400 Comp Rrandal 150 

2480000 CompMH 35 

114b COinAM] 118 

2430000 Con* Tam kws « 

035SJOOO cm* Mtanmna MO 

6483400 Comal* * 

iota CPM 103 

5.050000 cramphorn reO 

3440400 cmmrrack «8 

e.iao.000 cromMcfc- no 

4486.000 Crown Lodga 83 

iKaooo CTOHyaoniXe ire 

5.788400 Cram TV Prod 61 

57*0000 Cro** . 82 

4428400 OBE Tedl « 

. 11 Jin DOT 175 

3457400 DJ Sac AJarma * 

10.9m Pswcn 73 

8486400 twaas (DYJ IK 

4 .755.000 Dsam 8 Bow** . 2 

1.700.000 Da Bran (Ann! ZZ 

114m BaM* « 

2.75*400 Daw « 

210m Wroi 12} 

3709400 Damans Elac 80 

3442.000 De way Waman 78 

7.990400 Mans 210 

284*1 due* 

1*23400 Duiwn 19 

A lBW. W " Eadia 52 

12 Bm Eafeig Baa OoWa rat 

2^42.000 ECMJHC HI 

357m Earn Fund 38 

2558400 Ed»i CM 8 Gas » 

mam EkJo«a Pwm 'A - 377 

lOlm Bearon House 118 

7468.600 BactraniC Dan P « 

i28m Emm 24 

714400 EMwaanani Prod 10 

B 435400 EWU 1» 

26.0m FU 290 

203m FKB Gp ?» 

14.111 Fi H Group ISO 

44*5000 r aamac a re 

04 84 144 

2.1 44 124 
34 2417.7 

3.1 74 T24 

*Sf .. .. 

.. .. 34 

.. .. 74 

.. .. 14 

24- 14884 
77 74 .. 
84 341M 

23 14 214 

24 14154 

'4.4 i * 334 
. 84 74 44 
M3 24168 
.. 42- 
114 M 7.7 

7.0 54113 
. *4 9413.1 

14 2.1 W3 

7.1 44.15.9 

8.7 49 84 
44 7.7 73 
04 24274 
.. .. 114 

.. .. 284 

.. .. 44 

33 14 282 

14 42104 
84b 54 182 

53 23 173 

’ ii 54 104 
83 7.1 83 

Zlb 14 183 
12B 84 93 
43 74 94 
14 32 .. 
144 32 .. 

54 1.7 182 
34 23227 

114b 54 89 

34 441*13 

24 17184 

14 214' 34 

.. a - 43 

23 44 132 
18 24 804 
172 64 127 

11 23 123 

. . . . Ill 

21 24 212 

Mi *82 .. 
52 24343 
..a.. 13 

capafcnnon mm 

E Company . Film 

5370300 timatoot ' - 20 

1953m Fte&s&sa) 130 
44*5300 Raanar Dennys 63 
a»J00 Hmach ■ 52 

339*1 fifes** TM 

7.128300 Floyd O I 38 

7417300 Fad 8 Wasm . 85 
213m Franco Conn 135 
444m Frashbahs 100 

207m RAW Small A" 33a 
8413300 QabUcd 145 

8. /M300 QaaJCadl 100 . 

assasco Oaa^toaan 38 

3700300 OWImn Lyons 80 
U58300 0Mia Maw 156 
3.747300 oybarl Hama U 
1720300 Gumi fid . • - • 43 
3774300 Godwh Wanan 78 
124m OOOdbmd PHM 135' 
13*5300 Godd 540*008' 55 

9.100300 Qranyw Surtaca 85 
9,610300 Oman (EraaaQ 130 
1.800300 Goansacn CM - 92 - 
11 Bm Oonmnor Sq 96 
1315300 Ovarmay- ATOMIC 190 
7.496300 Hsmpdm Ilmei M ra 78 
7473300 Haroay 8 Thoap 205 
273m Harokck Europa 233 
*398000 Haa«i Caro . *i 

Price Cn'oe Grace Oh 
laac on «* YU 
FrtMY.namA pance % P/E 

■20 -Vi 17 04 17 


£ Compaq 

Pnca Ch'ga Grata Dw 
Mat on dl> YM 
Friday weak pance 4a P/E 

4415300 Do -A - LV am 
• — U eodemw Pimm 145 

8375300 IWPdM 170 

2.128300 MAM Pm 55 - 

9370300 rafe Bgonooi H - 

472B300 Hobson 27 

9399300 Hodmen 11» 

4301300 HakMn ii ydro m a n 

Houma rtamaion 

9380300 Hupneo Food 
14*4300 H u ii 4s «0 SK 
24.ta Hunter Bag* 

193m miOM^ Tech 
8391300 B6TBir 
2.«aaooo kntae . 

20.0m ind Scot Energy 
4.459300 MVaRad 
■ i25m in earmrape Tart »p, 

• 14 Am Mrom U«H 13 «•» 

33 5714.7 
.. U 
250 .. .. 

.. .. 183 

43 6.1 102 

74 S3 83 
27 27187 
59 17 175 

ii 8”* 

24 83114. 
53 83133 

3.1 X3 173 
.. .. 820 

32 74 105 
21 43 11.1 
43 12 122 
53 54 7.7 

33 43113 
49 28143 

83 93 77 
35 13 529 

21 2312.1 
21b 20 254 
57 2421.4 

1.1 27 153 
123 29199 
123 22153 

21 09109 

S3 27183 
49 2914.1 

M 27 73 
39 23209 
21 09 27.1 

28 20154 
33 203 19 
.. .. «3 

197m Oatonm i Uda 283 

183m Owners Abroad 32 -2' 

per ire «-i( 

Pacar .Sntwm 180 -5 

PactacSSa H -4 

RsndiwM 155 

PrnkMcl Op *90 M-S 

Paul M Lett 54 >8 

Pavton 20 -4 

Mpa Group 159 «-10 

Pmtooqi 128 -10 

partma(9 29 -2 

Pnmd Oompolar IDS -5 

Pass® (UenaaQ i» -3 

Radio ' 38b m-i ’ 

Pta Pet 33 -8 

Pkmapma 80 -1 

Ptaamae . *8 • 

Piston 138 -» 

PayHcn Marina 're -i 

I to waii n a 88 +5 

Pron isu»« wo -5 

Propany Tat mp S'* -•< 

oSnSt 3M mU 

Ratio cay -A- 33 -2 

Ks«a Oyda 48 -2 

43 14 27.1 
21 28 9.1 

43 77119 
53 34 1*3 
21 1-1 >83 

.. a .. zsis 
.. .. 28 
47 21 M7 
33b 29 821 
17 21 89 
43 *3104 
27. 27 173 

SO B-5 
33 -a 
48 s 
90 .*-10 
16 -2 
88 -4 

44 -2 

HsmcoOt 18 -2 

Rama 98 -4 

Hsndswairi 44 -2 

Heal Tima Ctratu 44 *-6 

Raban moot J8 

RMn D&S 151 *-32 

Rockwood e® -10 

Role 6 NcMn 88 

29 103 133 

a a - a 45 

ih 23 S3 
44 22 99 
24 14 ®3 
94 89 11.4 
29 29119 
S3 28114 

23 20 149 
.. a .. 24 
49 99 >54 
14 1.5 12S 
13 83 29 
74 84149 

29 09129 
. . . . 127 

0.1 21 .. 
03 13 .. 

29 29 373 


t Comnny 

£84*1 ASM 

4007m A*anc* 

105 Bm Amer Trust 
2112m Aito Amu Sec 
12G3m APanw Aeaas 
97 9m EMrtnaS 
78.8m Barry 

SI&BarBr AMfl» 

472m Br Emim Sac 
2764m Br toy 
fi*5m Bnswer 
«5Sa Com) & tod 
73 .4a Craecmii Japan 
1B3n DnrfJy Inc 

rfl Sn Do Cao 
1159m Ortyire Coro 
29 dm Drayton Fte EM 
l9i.7m Drayton Japan 
33 Ma Dunoea Lon 
829a EOn Amer AaM 
434.9m Edtoburgh 
58 7m Etaanc Gen 
338m Enguft tot 
7E*i Enff*n Gem 

211 Mb £raj«i 
5i.7m F JC AManee 
1072m FIC PWsbc 
7.125300 Fast Durtooe 
1023m Fast SCSI Amer 
- — Fra Un Gen 
8£.9m Bwntop Amanean 
372m Flamna CUwn 
303m Ftonanq Entorproe 
18* 4ia namtoo Far East 
17 On norma FiBdgkng 
1091m Fienwig Japan 
2797m Fiansna NtaaiM 
1993* naewifl Oyereeac 
S9 1*1 FWifcfig Teen 
MUa FkmW UnoaaMl 
9M 5m For Cd • 
539a QT Japan 
595m General Funds 
565* General Cons • 
473m GMspow Stock 
5064a OHM 

106 9m Oo—o AlM n OC 

Pnce COge 
Mst on 

Ptusaf week 1 

MS • -2 

813 m-7 


103 -3 

128. -2 

249 -3 

57 R-3 

3fi'. -1 

443 -7 

101 -1 

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219 -16 

155 , 

133 -3 

3*3 -14 

175 -8 

710 -38 

197 -* 

106 -| 

192 -8 

380 -3 

163 -Z 

99 *3 

73 -a 

116 -3 

XE -9 

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32* W-1 

88 .. 

525 -40 

IBB *42 

303 **3 

122 -6 

138 -2 



150 • m-10 
ISO -3 

138 -3 

89 •-* 



199 ■-> 

303 -3 

142 -4 

MS -r 

194 -10 

14 21 23 
23 20 224 

21 V »4 

14 14 828 
T.lal&A 304 

5.7 23 144 

3.7 29122 . 

24 24 154 
74 2.1 244 
Ml 14 127 
74 SB 94 
24 24 174 
54 29224 

64 9.8 12.1 


i> 14 122 

2.1 22 74 

14 ' 14 104 
44 28 20.7 

34 44183 
04 14 129 

24 82 93 
29 24 17.7 

54 84 21 
1070117 84 
70 34104 
89 14 284 

04 14 146 
24 '4.9181 
81 24 324 

04 14 204 
94 29142 
. . a . . 604 
&B 25 174 
44 82 110 
23 24 124 

14 149 44 

7.1 13 114 

34 14 2*4 
. 89 7.1 I9J 

Grata Ow 

dw YM 

7755400 Jotaien 8 JOTO 
9973400 Jobnatona a Pafcaa 

3475900 Jum IbMbar 
184m KLP 

9.480.000 Kam (John) 

8452900 Kenyo n Sace 
ajmeso sw®*s 
2174900 KMTO-Teknfe 

4.788900 LPA tod 
5 122900 LaUMw 

5487.000 Laldtow Ihonton 
10 *m Latnaa few 

- - ZS2m Lewmar 
*936900 todpa Cara 

5910000 McnaM IJOM) 


iMiSS'fc. I 

39*0900 Uoos AdHSTOtog SO 

124m Mjeartto -> ire 

S93» HMW Camp 205 

5900900 New a nm Res 15 

.Do am 6 

New EimMnd Prep* 17 
Do 10V C80 

H o— o e Tran*. 75 

NUMB- 10 

Narvik 143 


Narscot Hoarie . 195 
NthSa* 6 Gan 28 

OHeto aopac 37 

• — Oo m nwac i 22 

84 83124 
07 34167 

34 14 284 

74 4414.1 
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54 89124 
lib 2*105 
24 <7 09 
47 14 111 
24 29 177 
144 21 144 
17 11 11 

1Ab 24 109 

94 84 74 
49 27 74 
84 5.1 127 
.. .. 224 

39 16121 
29 18189 
69 7.1 102 
39 19107 

09 27204 
109 25 84 
27 49 7.7 
14 19 227 

44 49229 
09 0917.1 
84 14 269 

44 3.1 #4 
44 49 21.1 

232 .. 28 

50 274 12 

18 29144 

64 24 200 

23 39176 

IS 34134 
17 29125 
» M88A 
6.7 49 94 

19 39 128 

28 09904 
34 21 379 
79 49109 
.. » .. .. 

20 14 249 

29 11 159 

-2 21 49 234 

*1 .... 24 

•6 26 64 97 

44 49 29 162 

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employment agency for the 
sales promotion industry dur- 
ing specific promotional cam- 
paigns. ' 

CPM has a reserve of 1,200 
part-time staff, organized on a 
local basis, .who undertake 
duties such as the display and 
replenishment of stock. The 
shares are on a p/e of about 14 
for the year to December 

The most recent entrant to 
the market is Clark Hooper 
which achieved its USM 

S te in April 1986. It has a 
y straightforward cor- 
porate structure with the main 
consultancy providing the 
bulk of the revenue and 
profits, the only other signifi- 
cant activity being its Owls art 
studio which accounts for 
about 10 per cent of turnover. 

The company has recently 
announced the establishment 
of a direct marketing division, 
initially to cater for existing 
clients. The stares are on a 
prospective' p/e of about 18 for 
the year ending April 1987. 

Mark Shepperd 

The author is an analyst at 
Phillips & Drew, the stock- 

Staffordshire Potteries 
(Holdings) and Staffordshire 
Potteries: Mr JK Ashcroft, 
Mr PN Green and Mr EM 
Kilby join the board. 

•Brown Shipley: Mr Robert 
Craig joins the board of 
Investment Management. Mr 
Michael Jteggs becomes 
managing director and Mr 
Michael Chapman, Miss 
Caroline Schicht and Mr Pe- 
ter Kirwan join the board of 
Asset Management. Mr 
Trevor Chubb joins the board 
of Unit Trust Managers. 

-1 VB 29 326 


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780 39 139 
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179 20 175 
1290 75 79 
SM 82 97 
81 2-1 346 
»0 74 5.1 
09 04 .. 

OGY: Six months 10 June 30. 
Interim dividend 0.5p (same), 
payable on Oct. 31. Turnover 

£4.61 million (£4.11 million). 
Pretax profit £435.000 
(£504,000). Earnings per share 
3.22p (432p). The board is 
confident there will be a signifi- 
cant increase in turnover and 
profitability in 1987 and future 

• LYLE SHIPPING: Half-year 
to June 30. Turnover £6.38 
million (£10.14 million}. Pretax 
profit £313,000 (£4.76 million). 
Earnings per share 0.5p (1 1 .3p). 

First half of 1986. Turnover £3.6 
million (£ 3.25 minion). Pretax 
profit £601.000 (£582.000). 
Earnings per share 8.23p 

WEAR): First half of 1986. 
Interim payment 1.98p (1.8p). 
payable on Oct. 31. Sales £24 
million (£18-18 million). Pretax 
loss £212.000 (loss 
£169.000). The board believes 
that the current adverse trend of 
profits win be of short .duration. 

• PLATTGNUM: Six months 

to July 31. No dividend. The 
company intends to seek 
shareholders' approval to apply 
to the court for a reduction in 
the share capital so as to resume 
dividends. Sales £5.3 million 
(£5.29 million). Pretax profit 
£21,000 (£78.000). Earnings per 
share 0.042p (0. 156p). 

Ptangnum has conditionally 
agreed to acquire Copa and VPT 
from Mr R W Hill for £692,834. 
It also plans to raise about 
£950.000 (net) by a rights issue. 

dividend (lp) for the year to 
March 31. Turnover £14.02 
million (£17.38 million). Pretax 
loss £66,000 (£285.000 profit). 
Loss per share 1.1 p (4.7 p 

May 31 . Turnover £4.84 million 
kIS. 67 million). Pretax profit 
£13.54 million (£8.89 million). 
Earnings per share 6.72p 
(7J3p). The board reports that 
given the decline in oil prices 
during the year when Triton's 
investments in developing oil 
reserves in France were reaching 
a peak, the results are 

company proposes an under- 
written, one-ror-three rights is- 
sue of new ordinary shares at 
125p each to raise about £3.17 
million (net of expenses). The 
board is confident that 1986's 
result will be “most 
encouraging.” K intends to pay a 
final of not less than 405 p on 
the increased capital, which 
would make a total of 6p (5p) for 

Interim dividend lip (2.9p). 
Turnover for the half-year to 
June 30 £178.25 million 
(£190.84 million). Pretax profit 
£17.66 million (£13.54 million). 
Earnings per share 6.7p (4.5p). 
Interim dividend 0.75p, payable 
on Nov. 7, for the first half of 
1986. Turnover £59.81 million 
(£52.79 millioa). Pretax profit 
£615,000 (£91,000). Earnings 
per share: fully diluted, 0.46p 
(loss 0.01p) and undiluted, loss 
0.6 lp (loss 0.46 p). The board 
expects a respectable improve- 
ment in profits, for the full year 
and to maintain the dividends. 





Allan & Company 10.00* 

BCO 1000* 

Citibank Sarihost 10.75* 

Consofidated Crds 10.00% 

Conftwrtai Tubj 10.00% 

Co-operative Bank 10.00* 

C. tore & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00* 

LLoyds Bank 10.00* 

Nat Westminster 1(100* 

Royal Bank of Scotland— 10.00% 

T5B 10.00% 

Citibank NA 10JW* 

t HnftW Base Rate. 



Trade deficit the key 
to American malaise 

Wall Street became so gloomy about 
the American economy at the end of 
last week that strong economic growth 
was seen as bad for inflation and 
j interest rates, while low growth was 
feared as an indicator of recession. 
There is, however, one economic 
development which would be widely 
welcomed by the markets — a reduc- 
tion in the US trade deficit. 

By helping to stabilize the dollar, an 
improvement in American trade is 
probably the only way of securing a 
non-luflatioDary recovery in growth. 
Unfortunately, the record $18 billion 
July trade deficit showed that no such 
improvement is in sight. 

It is particularly disappointing that 
the sharp fell in the dollar has not led 

Rawed argument 

to a recovery in exports. Many 
economists argue that this simply 
reflects the J-curve effect: a fall in the 
currency initially increases the deficit, 
because it worsens the terms of trade, 
ahead of any volume improvement. 

This argument has flaws. The fall in 
oil prices has actually caused the US 
terms of trade to rise over the past 
year. Import prices fell by 3.4 per cent 
in the year lo July, compared with a 
0.8 per cent rise in export prices. 

The poor trade performance reflects 
continuing adverse changes in vol- 
ume. In the three months to July, the 
volume of exports was 4.4 per cent 
down over the year before, while 
imports surged by almost 16 per cent. 
The dollar peaked 1 8 months ago and 
the lag between a currency depreciat- 
ing and trade volumes improving 
should not be that long. 

The Administration has focused on 
the slow growth of other industrial 
economies as a part-explanation of 
weak American exports. This may be 
a politically attractive argument but 
its significance has probably been 

The latest figures from Japan and 
West Germany showed that domestic 
demand grew strongly in the second 
quarter. Moreover, Europe and Japan 
have historically taken less than 40 
per cent of US exports. 

Little attention has been given to a 
more fundamental cause of the mal- 
aise in American exports — the bias to- 
wards commodities and capital goods. 
These are depressed sectors in terms 
both of price and consumption. The 
US depends too much on goods that 
nobody wants to buy. 

Almost 40 per cent of US exports 
are commodity-related. These exports 
fell by 22 per cent between 1980 and 
1985. This reflected the loss of 
American competitiveness but it has 
been due, more importantly, to the 
weakness of commodity prices and to 
more countries becoming self-suf- 
ficient ip food. 

Agricultural deficit 

The US now has a deficit on 
agricultural trade for the first time 
since 1945. This important compo- 
nent of US exports is unlikely to rise 
significantly over the next year, given 
little prospect of a big recovery in 
commodity prices or demand. 

Another 35 per cent of American 
exports are capital goods (21 per cent 
when computers and aircraft are 
excluded). While the value of com- 


TRADE IN 1985 

% of exports and imports 


Expt Impt 







Western Europe 



Opec . 



Latin America 



Far East 









By commodity 

Foods and feeds 












Capital goods 



Consumer goods 









puter exports has almost doubled over 
the last five years, exports of other 
machinery have fallen by 10 per cent. 

While the fall in the dollar should 
contribute to some recovery in this 
sector, capital spending is not ex- 
pected to be buoyant in either Europe 
or Japan. There’is little incentive to 
invest given excess capacity in most 
countries and slowing profits growth. 

The US cannot expect a strong 
recovery in exports to solve the 
problem of its trade deficiL It will 
have to rely mainly on lower imports. 

There is a problem here too. The 
dollar's decline has not been broadly 
based. It has held its value or even 
appreciated against the currencies of 
many important trading partners, 
including Canada. South Korea, Tai- 
wan and most Latin American coun- 
tries. These areas provide more than 
40 per cent of American imports. 
Many countries therefore remain 
competitive against the US. 

Constrained growth 

A decline in the American trade 
deficit is most likely to be achieved by 
a period of slow growth in US 
domestic demand relative to that in 
other countries. As output growth is 
generally expected to average 3 per 
cent in Europe and Japan over the 
next year, American growth will need 
to be constrained to about 2 per cent. 
Forecasts of a strong recovery in US 
growth and a reduction in the trade 
deficit are inconsistent. 

It remains unclear whether the 
Administration and Congress have 
the patience to wait for what will be a 
gradual process. Both Paul Volcker, 
chairman of the Federal Reserve 
Board, and Clayton Yeutter, the 
senior US trade negotiator, are gi ving 
warning that the trade deficit is 
politically and economically 

The risks of protectionism are 
growing. History tells us that such 
measures would have disastrous con- 
sequences for economic growth and 
confidence in financial markets. 

Martin Barnes 

The author is international econo- 
mist at Wood, Mackenzie & Co. the 


028-0 JSprm? 









114-1 pram 


Argentina austraT . 
Australia dofer — 

Bahrain dinar 

Brazil cruzado ■ — 

Ff-iand marks 

Greece drachma — 
Hong Kong dollar — 
Indio rupee 

Iraq dnar 

Kuwait dinar KD — 

Malaysia dollar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dollar 
Saudi Arabia rtyal — 
Singapore dolar 
Sou#i Africa rand 


"Lloyds Bank 

Base Rates % 

Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10 

1 -5420-1.5480 







_ 115330-115343 





_. 105050-1 10050 



3.2000-3 .2200 





West Germany 
Switzerland — 
ftettHHlands — 

Beta toml Comm) - 

Hong Kong 

Portugal — 




Discount Market Loan* % 
Overnight Halt: 9 'A Low 5 
Week fired: 9S4-9K 
Treasury Bits (Discount %) 


3mntti 9"i* 

2mntn 9W 
3mntti B*ia 

Prine Bank B»s (Discount**) 

1 ninth 9 Jfr »-9"'8 2mmti9fc-9H 
3 mmti fimnth 9 ,, 3>9 lJ n 

Trade Bits (Discount %) 

1 mntft 10 ‘'bj 2 ninth lOX 

Sinntti 10*11 Smith Iffir 

Interbank (%) 

Overnight open9% ctasa 7 
1 week 9H-9H 6 ninth I0>w-9 , »it 

1 mnfti 9 lfc i»-9ft 9 mnth 10 1 i»S ,s ii 

3mnth 10-8 Vi 12mth I0'i4-S»i4 ■ 

Laesl Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 9X 7 days 9* 

7 days 5*w6k 
3 mnth 6-5% 
7 days 4*4H 
3 mnth 4tt-4tt 
French Franc 
7 days T 1 ^ 1 !* 
3 mnth 
Swiss Franc 

7 days IVi-Ji . 
3 mnth 4%-4U 


7 days 5-4% 

3 mnth 

i 6-5 5i 
i 6-5fc 

i 4&-4K 
I 4K-4* 
\ 7 3 i8-7'w 
i 7*-7X 

2 days 9* 
1 mnth 9V* 
6 mnth 9% 

7 days 9* 
3 mnth 9* 
12 mth SH 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth MFVIOii 2mrah 10U-10 
3 mnth 10^-10 8 mnth 10V9K 

Bmmn 10 'a-IO 12 mth 9V-9X 

Staffing CD* f%) 

1 mnth 9tk-Bk 3mrth 

6mrah I2rmn 9^-9 l3 i* 

Dolar CDs™ 

1 niiuli 605-650 3 ninth 550*555 

6 mnth 5^0-555 12 mth 6-10-6-05 


Kiugarrand* (par coin); 

S 4(350-41550 (£28050-281.50) 
Sovereicns' (newt 

S 9850§950 ES6JS6750 ) 


AppWK S4453M aPotad: £100U 

bJSTS 7.600*4 received: 71% 

Last week: £97533* rec*n*d;no% 
Avge rate: £95257% last wfc £9.4494% 
Nod week; &100M raptace£100M 


Group activities include: . , 




Six month* Six months 
to 30 June to 30 Juno 

1986 1985 

Turnover (port services) £2&5m £65.3m 

Profit before tax £11.0m £4.0m 

Earnings per share* 9.1p 3.5p 

Dividend per share* 2-Op 1.625p 

'Adjusted tor 1 tor 1 snip issue. Hay 1BB6 

Sununary of the Statement by 
Sir Keith Stuart, Chairman: 

PROFITS The substantial increase in profi Es reflects 503d 
resolts in both poit services and property. The intenct 
dividend has been increased by 23ft. 

^ PORTS Increased profits from port services reded 
improvements in performance at Southampton and in South 
Wales. Oar programme of investment baa continued with 
extra capacity coming into operation at Barry and at 

^ PROPERTY Good progress is being made oa property 
devel o pm en t s in Southampton, Cardiff and Grimsby. We are 
also axpaadingour property activiliesbeyond port-related 
areas, initially is a joint venture at Horsham, West Sussex. 

PROSPECTS Current trading performance at the ports 
is strong, reflecting reduced costs and a high level ol 
activity. The results for IflSfi should see a significant 
improvement on 1985. Property income for the year is 
alfto likely to show a useful increase over 1965. 


150 Holbonv, London EC1N SLR 
Tel: (01) 430 1177 Tlx: 23913 Fax: (01) 430 1384 





From your portfolio can! check year 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to pyc you your overall UHaL Cheek 
“».fw ih? daily dividend figure 

f uMisned on this page. If it matches you 
a vc won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If «ou are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back or your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


© That* 1 


Qaims required for 
+46 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

No- Ceamnr 

Utaer TV 

Alexandra Wwesr 


General Mow 


Rainers (Jc«elicr$) 

Jarvis fj| & sobs 




Bra mall (CD) 




Really Useful 

Huhgue & Job 

Industrials VO 



Industrials A-D 



Building. Roads 





Industrials S-Z 

Indosiriats A-D 



Industrials S-Z 

Industrials E*K 

Industrials S-Z 

Drapery .Siores 

Industrials A-D 



Industrials E-K 

1478* Pronaen 300 -38 

iGtmRM0«S « -3 

437 in noawd* to wa 126 -* 

984 . 1 b Roy) ft* 01 Scot 3*6 -a 

i7S4» stimwn e? +■, 

1754m SCMBdM 

i.i0B4«i sand Owt 
8 Un Ungn 
1.481 in waas Fan 
22.4m WmniM 



ass n-io 

ten sa 108 
08 1.0 187 
7.1 26 04 
1*2 *1 100 
11.1 id 13* 
At U U 
SU 7.7 SOB 

SSHeSse.®* m -s aa u 12.1 

fSfTSg 1 -30 157 80 1*7 

71 3n Bartons 1*3 -11 "" 

251.4* BowWorp* 505 +4 100 18 IBS 

iiaofln grSgra is* *!?0 «J a? no 
„ J&K 225 1 8 2f*l **" 10 -* *3 <2 88 

3- 775.000 Bittn (A#) A' 1*'r -1 0.1 07 259 

<77* CASE 74 -13 ai (U 17 

an a »ww as «-a 88 22 ibo 

Cambtfg* Dec 2M *8 106 5.1 til 

US • -* 21 1.1 3*7 

CJ^Ode *8 -3 .. .. 113 

**£• _Pp i s* or 20 a -7 

,£j5S“!*5® 2? -6 21 08182 

t*An Cray Bee! 339 • +? Si 12 2J3 

??E5S2 g*"— > 

2.139300 Cmmam M 

33 0-2 1.8 *4 7 A 

31 0-2 1J 52 6J 

31S *6 28 08 213 

38 21 8*12* 

IS* -12 4.1 27 113 

*06 U 22117 

00 -3 10 1.7 822 


Booses & Hawkes I Leisure 


Cherniak. Plas 



Drapery -Stores 

Drapery .Stores 


Industrials A-D 


Please be sure to take account of 
any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

- — Abbe* __ -tea 0-8 

37 7a Aberdeen Cunsa- 228 -2 II* 80 21.1 

-iga *"WC.. 271 -81 184 811*7 

3JOODOO Amcfcile 08 -3 0 . 1 a 02 102 

525°2* igg -ii 8i si tao 

0428m BPB MkMIei 403 -20 129 28 1*5 

152* Baegwnoe Bncfc 380 403 102 27 137 

2*8— Binirt Dew 1*0 -8 t03 72 . . 

1350.000 BM a ABnH Ceres 2S . . . . a . . 82 

29.7*1 B — a y 172 -4 KL0 38 ISA 

8900000 Sen Bros 88 -1 *4 87 181 

I7*n BkxttarS W. 4-1 388 38 1*2 

6960m Blue CMS 543 0-22 300 38 7 7 

154a BrmdoaAOaod W 2SS 1*3 38 1*2 

>32" a-Baopra $1 «3 *3 38 1*8 

*500000 Enj*n 6 Jackson 22 'j . . . . 5T.T 

<*— ftr—ae 78 38 *8398 

Bn« 11# -7 *9 4.1 130 

18 — Sanaa 8 Hetom 9‘r el IP 

— - CMnH Robey 150 

286 On Ceioenr-Rrutfstona 110 +4 48 38 .. 

10 Irn Condor Grp ?23 a -7 38 28 178 

4403n Cosbi 528 -58 258 *7 88 

*a«m CoumryiWa 483 ..83 18 13.0 

I93a Crouch (Dmok) 155 -3 88 87 112 

9800000 Dm (Goorml 120 p+16 88 72 188 

19 7m Donga* fRU) 130 32P 23 248 

JO Om Ertfi 104 -2 4.7 48 182 

1.490000 Fee 68 28 28 117 

3268000 Do A 8* 23 38 87 

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l FOCI JS )) 

September 15, 1986 
By Patricia Tisdall 


it out in the 

high street 


. ,r-. 


revolution in retail 
thinking ties behind 
the huge take-over 
battles which have 
. ^ buffeted Britain's 
high street store groups during 
2the past few months. Big is no 
s longer beautiful in business 

;* High volume sales no longer 
i automatically lead to profit — 
land hemlines can be any 
r lengih the wearer chooses, 
t," Sir Terence Conran started 
the retail acquisition craze in 
ready 1982 when his Habitat 
^company bought Mothercare. 
.Less than a year later came the 
jgk of F W Woolworth (one 
«e'fr the biggest landmarks on 
The retail property map with 
unore than 1,000 stores) to 
j£atern osier Stores, a < con- 
isortium of City financiers. 

- “.‘‘The ripples caused by the 
hjew owners' attempts to re- 
align such a big and diversi- 
fied group as Woolworth 
spread to • every sector of 
Shopkeeping. Rapid growth of 
Hits; highly profitable B&Q 
.chain of amateur building and 
■decorating materials helped to 
ftqvelop new retail warehouse 
•rites on railway embankments 
and industrial estates away 
from conventional shopping 

*■ The closure of more than 
high street branches re- 
many prime sites, 
including the flagship store in 
London's Oxford Street, to 
new entrepreneurs. ■ 

In April. 1984, the 
giockwaves to hardware 
stores spread to electrical 
Stockists with Woolworth's 
purchase of the Comet dis- 
count electrical goods chain. 
With hindsight, it comes as no 
surprise that Dixons, which 
had moved a long way from its 
origins in photographic equip- 

ment into high-profile con- 
sumer electronics, such as 
pocket calculators and 
Walkman stereos, should 
launch a bid for the slower 
moving Cuny seven months, 

But the Woolworth sale also 
bad a psychological effect in 
easing traditionally conser- 
vative purse strings. When 
Stanley Kahns, ' chairman of 
Dixons, launched the am- 
bitious bid for Woolworth, 
which nearly' succeeded last 
spring, he claimed he had been 
thinking about such a move 

Proprietors prowl 
rivals’ shops on 

since the Paternoster deal four 
years earlier. ■ 

The Burton group is also 
understood to have looked at 
Woolworth before embarking 
on the take-over road which 
eventually, in August 1985, 
took it to the bead of the 
department stores league table 
with Debenhams. 

Once financial wheels begin 
to turn they can gather consid- 
erable momentum in a world 
where the proprietors* 
favourite hobby tends to be 
that of prowling around rival 
premises on window-shop- 
ping expeditions. 

A good example of accelera- 
tion is that of Sir Terence, 
whose merger last October of 
Habitat-Mothercare with Brit- 
ish Home Stores through the 
newiy-created Storehouse 
group, demonstrated a tenfold 
increase in financial influence 
in less than four years. 

A common underlying fac- 
tor has been the abrupt change 

in economic conditions and 
the sharp fall in inflation rates. 
In early 1982, when Habitat 
bought Mothercare, the Retail 
Price Index was rising at the 
rate of 12 per cent. 

A year later it had dropped 
to 5. per cent. By mid- 1986^ 
which had already seen the 
Dixons/Woolworth battle and 
more than a dozen smaller 
tussles, inflation stood at un- 
der 3. per cent and has since 
fallen even further. 

The high-volume. low- 
profit margin of the “pile it 
high and sell it cheap" trading 
philosophy, pioneered by the 
early supermarkets, bad to be 

Throughout this period 
wages continued to rise at 
more than double the inflation' 
rate.. Most', shoppers were 
much wealthier than they had 
been during the price-cutting 
wars of the 1970s, although 
the constant shadow of redun- 
dancy meant they wanted 
value for money. 

Many traditional retail in- 
stitutions were too unwieldy 
to respond to die change in 
their customers' expectations, 
like the network of Co-op- 
erative Societies which domi- 
nated all sectors of retailing in 
the 1960s. Despite strenuous 
efforts to modernize, the Co- 
op hardly rates a mention. 

The new economic climate 
gave entrepreneurs an un- 
precedented opportunity both 
to enter the retail arena and to 
expand rapidly. The' two key 
elements which favoured the 
new entrants were the 
availability of sites and a more 
sympathetic attitude among 
bankers and financial 

Ten years after opening a 
single herbal cosmetics shop 
in Brighton, with a £4,000 

One-stop shopping: Customers at the Asda superstore on London's Isle of Dogs can buy anything from minced meat to motor cars 

bank loan, Anita Roddick's 
Body Shop business has more 
than 200 outlets and is worth 
an estimated £40 million. 
After opening two successful 
shops, Mrs Roddick turned to 
franchising as a mechanism 
for growth because, she says, 
“even then we had do money 
to expand". 

There are many more exam- 
ples of comparatively young 
entrepreneurs (Mrs Roddick is 
43) who are new entrants to 
the high street and are running 
companies which have stayed 

A high proportion will not 
survive, but while they are in 
existence they change the 
dynamics of the local trading 
environment, if only by add- 
ing, more variety. 

Retailing is a dynamic 
activity and big changes are 
also under way within the 
store groups which have not 
changed owners. At Boots, for 
instance, experiments have 
been in progress for some time 
to create specialist “shops 
within shops" in the larger 
outlets of the 1,000-strong 
chain and to focus the smaller 
stores on a particular theme, 
such as health care, beauty or 
baby wear. This specialization 
is designed to make the best 
use of the location and size of 
the individual store. 

The strategy at 
W. H. Smith is also geared to 
specialist retailing. Some years 
ago it identified four major 
product groups: books, maga- 
zines. stationery and recorded 

music. It has since bought 
Classic Bookshops in 1985 
and the Our Price chain of 
music cassette stores. 
W. H. Smith plans to open 40 
more Our Price outlets within 
the next year to add to the 
Music Market name, another 
specialist record store group. 

The youthful style of the 
Our Price boutiques, where 
male staff lend to wear jeans 
and earrings, will not be 
merged with the open-plan, 
middle-of-the-road style mu- 
sic sections within the 
W. H. Smith own-name 

At Woolworth, the success 
in thwarting the Dixons's bid 
does not mean the manage- 
ment believe they are immune 

to change. It has. instead, 
given new confidence to rad- 
ical restructuring plans which 
concentrate on six key mer- 
chandise areas: confectionery, 
children's wear and toys, 
horticultural and DIY prod- 
ucts, records, cassettes and 
videos, table and kilchenwear 
and personal-care products. 

Woolworth also intends to 
develop satellite specialist 
stores on smaller high street 
sites. This is a policy which 
Marks & Spencer has applied 
in outlets which are too small 
to carry its vast range of 
products. To implement the 
new policy. Woolworth is 
investing about £1.5 million 
on management training. 

All the big multiples have 
procedures for training shop 

assistants, but training at 
management level on such a 
large scale is rare if not 

A welcome result of the 
multiples' more flexible atti- 
tude is that many smaller or 
outdated branches which 
would have been closed a 
decade ago (the Co-op shut 
400 shops in a single yesu- in 
the mid-1970s) will continue 
to “anchor" neighbouring in- 
dependent tradere by drawing 
in customers from a wide 
catchment area. 

Most of the incoming 
proprietors in the recent wave 
of mergers are keenly aware 
that the cultivation of an 
attractive, leisurely at- 
mosphere makes good busi- 
ness sense. 



From today British Home Stores becomes 

New layout. New merchandise. New look. 





The bright way to 
entice bigger sales 

Customers are no longer toe- 
jng a single fashion line. The 
Benetton chain was one of the 
first of a new generation of 
companies to capitalize on 
women's new-found indepen- 
dence in the choice of colour 
and hemlines. But Benetton, 
as ns competitors never fail to 
point out. is not only a retailer 
but a manufacturer. 

Founded in 1965 in the 
.Italian town of Treviso, near 
Venice. Benetton has grown 
into a company with net sales 
Of more than 66S billon lire 
(about £666 million) and has 
more than 3.200 shops in 37 
countries. It also has eight 

New styles at the 
flick of a switch 
to meet change in 
consumer demand 

factories (five in Italy, the rest 
in Spain. France and Scot- 
land) which produced more 
than 40 million brightly-col- 
oured woollen garments in 

4 new cotton manufac- 
turing plant in North Carolina 
is due to start production later 
this year. 

Bright colours are a hall- 

mark of the Benetton opera- 
tion. The story is that the 
compan> started when 
Luciano Benetton (now 
managing director), the eldest 
of three brothers and a sister, 
was forced io abandon his 
studies io work as an assistant 
in a men's clothes store to help 
his widowed mother. 

His sister. Giuliana. sewed 
sweaters fora textile manufac- 
turer. but also designed her 
own garments on a home 
knitting machine using bright 
coloured wool. 

Gradually, the family devel- 
oped an original technique 
which enabled garments to be 
dyed after they were made. It 
has since invested heavily in 
electronic production and de- 
sign equipment to meet chang- 
ing consumer demands almost 
at the flick of a switch. 

Benetton has also made 
profitable use of the small high 
street stores which were being 
discarded in large numbers by 
less flexible tailoring com- 
panies throughout Europe. 
This, together with the 
application of the franchise 
principle, enabled the chain to 
expand like wildfire once it 
started to move outside us 
Italian base in the late 
I970s.Since 1977. exports 
have increased from 2 percent 
of turnover to 60 per cent. 

The Benetton merchandise 
is packed flat on shelves and 
relics on its distinctive colours 

to attract attention. When 
George Davies joined the then 
fading i Hep worth men swear 
company and started convert- 
ing its ncwly-acquired Ken- 
dalls shops into what has now 
become ihc Next chain in 
J9S1-81 he went several 
stages further in co-ordinating 
skirts with jumpers ana 
displaying them to best 

Mr Davies's tactics struck 
an instant rapport with 
women in the 23-40 age 
bracket who disliked the 
avant-garde punk look being 
developed for their younger 
sisters and who could afford to 

Tactics struck an 
instant rapport 
with women m the 
25-40 age bracket 

pay more and wanted better 
quality garments than those 
offered in C & A. British 
Home Stores. Littlewoods and 
other chain stores. 

Since then. Next not only 
expanded into a chain of more 
than 200 womenswear shops, 
but has created a unisex Next 
for Men chain, and last year 
moved into furnishings with 
Next Interiors. 

Conran’s image of success 

The importance of display was 
realized long ago by Sir Ter- 
ence Conran, who believes that 
the design and atmosphere of 
the stores are as important as 
the goods they stock. 

He first applied the prin- 
ciple to Habitat furniture and 
household goods, bat more 
than a decade later proved it 
again with Richards, a fashion 
chain which he acquired along 
the way to the BHS merger. 

“We put some of die new 
merchandise into Richard 
Shops that hadn't been mod- 
ernized and the sales figures 
were poor. The same clothes 
did immensely better in the 
shops that we had refitted," he 
said. Sir Terrace is pas- 

Sir Terence: proved a point 

sionately involved with design 
which covers all aspects of 

“It cannot be half-hearted,'" 
be says. “A few life-size photos 
and the signs ‘co-ordinates’ 

hanging up in stores will not 
change the environment" 

Another elemental principle 
of retailing which Sir Terence 
endorses is the importance of 
rapid and detailed feedback on 
sales figures, which was ap- 
plied with considerable suc- 
cess by the Barton group at 
Top Shop a decade or so ago. 

It remains to be sera how 
effectively he can apply the 
twin ingredients off com- 
prehensive design and 
computerized sales and stock 
information to BHS, whose 
new corporate image is being 
unveiled this month and which 
carries a wider spectrum of 
merchandise than any of the 
boutique-type specialists. 

' ■ . .*• .V '' 

v. v- 

t -- V** 

•— * .. .• 1 «'>3' 

• Yesterday was the busiest day of the year for BHS 
(formerly British Home Stores) as it switched to its new logo 

— -* * — *-l new fashion and dispen^*“ 

. years' major rebuilding — 

lowing foe creation of Storehouse in 

January, foe inspired, new-look exercise in selling should 
send a shudder of well-justified apprehension through its 
competitors in Britain's high streets 

Problems and progress 
at the shopping centres 

It is more difficult for pur- 
pose-built shopping centres to 
adjust to new conditions than 
it is for traditional high streets, 
where shopping is' only one 
aspect of ^shifting mixture of 
social and commercial 

This is one reason for the To 
Let signs still adorning 
premises in the spate of new 
shopping centres designed for 
people living within easy trav- 
elling distance — in retail- 
planning jargon, the 
"catchment area”. 

Research by Hillier Parker, 
property surveyors, shows a 
remarkable rise in out-of-town 
shopping schemes during the 
past year. Proposals an- 
nounced between March and 
June alone involve 12 million 
sq ft of shopping space. This 
compares with the 4 million 
sq ft opened since 1977. 

The problem with many of 
the first generation centres is 
not only that they have be- 
come sadly out of date but, 
like the early post-war tower 
blocks, they were not well 
built in the first place. 

The Amdale Centres m 
Wandsworth. London, and 
Doncasterare two examples of 
older centres which have al- 
ready been comprehensively 
upgraded. Built in the late 
1950s with 300.000 sq ft and 
more than 100 retail units, the 
Wandsworth centre was one 
of the first of its type. 

The centre's fortunes spi- 
ralled downwards steadily un- 
til the owners. Town ana City 
Properties, called in the 
McColl architecture and de- 
sign company to create an 
environment which would at- 
tract and retain retail tenants. 
Improvements included big- 
ger signposts, brighter lights 
and a fountain, pooL trees and 
seats. A campaign was 
launched to ensure that the 
improved appearance . was 

The result is that graffiti and 
vandalism levels have 
dropped and the number of 
shoppers has increased. More 
national-name retailers are 
taking leases and some of the 
existing tenants have been 
encouraged to upgrade their 
own presentation. 

Other centre owners took 
note and McColls say they are 
now looking at IS further 
refurbishment* of this nature. 
Uneradina the Doncaster 

centre involved comprehen- 
sive reconstruction as well as 
refurbishment and resulted in 
a £4.5 million bill for the 
owners, the Prudential. 

Architects Leslie Jones & 
Partners were, however, able 
to turn the difficulties to 
design advantage by introduc- 
ing natural lighting. They built 
in a central, glazed atrium to 
provide a focal point which, 
they claim, is the largest, 
aluminium-arched single span 
in Europe. 

The image factor is all 
important for success in retail- 
ing. say the designers. But 
changing the decor alone in a 
20-year-old centre can cost 
more than the original price of - 
the whole development- 
converting historic but 
redundant buildings into re- 
tail centres can be even more 

The improvement 
schemes have cut 
vandalism and 
pulled in shoppers 

costly. Covent Garden, the old 
wholesale fruit and vegetables 
market, began the trend in the 
mid-1970s. The St Quintin 
properly consultancy recently 
identified 20 such speciality 
shopping schemes, eight un- 
der construction and seven 
with planning permission. 

Albert Dock in Liverpool 
comprises the largest group of 
Grade I listed buildings in the 
UK. It has a strong rec- 
reational element and. like 
Covent Garden, is expected to 
become an important tourist 
attraction. Others, such as the 
Waverley Market in Edin- 
burgh and the Cavern Walks 
in Liverpool are intended to 
give trading variety to a 
nearby prime shopping street. 

Most ambitious of the out- 
of-town shopping centres are 
the up-market covered malls. 
Brent Cross, which opened in 
north-west London in March, 
1976. was a trend-setter, both 
in terms of scale and location. 
The 790.000 sq ft of gross 
selling space and associated 
parking proved an instant 
success with shoppers and 
traders and inspired John 
Hall, the chairman of Cam- 
eron Hall Developments and a 
seifetyled entrepreneur, to 
buy an even bigger I I-acre site 

— more than double that at 
Brent Cross - about three 
miles outside the centres ot 
Newcastle and Gateshead. 

But there were still many 
misgivings about the concept 
of regional shopping centres 
and it was not until 1983. 
when Mr Hall held an ex- 
hibition publicizing his idea 

for an America n-style leisure 
and shopping park, that he 
could persuade any of the big 
high street names to take space 
on ihe old power station tip. 
Dynamic newcomers such 


„ ,.f FI and Hams Queensway 
have shown how bulky goods 
can be marketed effectively 
from cheap premises. From a 
handftil of mainly electrical 
discount warehouses in the 
late 1970s. trade estimates are 
of a tenfold increase during 
the part few years and for 
continuing expansion. 

The variety of goods sold in 
warehouse centres is expand- 
ing rapidly. From tools and 
decorating products, the 
Woolwonh-owned B&Q 
chain, for example, has devel- 
oped home care furnishing 
stores and centres for servic- 
ing cars, and is expanding 
rapidly from 163' ouilets in 
1985 towards a target of 400. 

Texas Homecare which had 
1 1 7 stores in 1984 is looking to 
a target of 250. An American 
chain. Toys R* US. js also 
looking at warehouse sites. 

Halfords, the motor parts 
and accessories chain owned 
by Ward White, has moved 
into superstores which av- 
erage 10.000 sq fl and offer 
more than 6.000 products. By 
last Easter the company had 
18 such stores and. according 
to Ian Staples, the managing 
director, plans are well ad- 
vanced fora national chain -of 
at least 100 by 198B-89. 

A more recent development 
ts the creation of repair and 
servicing workshops next to 
the stores. The first of these, 
which offer motorists a "Lim- 
ited Menu” service (the auto- 
motive equivalent ' of fast 
food), opened at Perry Barr in 
Birmingham in July, 1985. 

It offered motorists 6.000 
and 12,000 mile services at 
fixed prices, fast oil changes, 
tyre fitting and a range of free 
services including comput- 
erized diagnostic testing and 
pre-MOT tests, all m a dean 
bright wed-lit building at 
competitive prices. 

. y »v •'* 

I? ■' i " 




Homebase, H. Samuel, Marks & Spencer, 
Payless D.I.Y., Carrefour and Sainsburyk 

Many of the most familiar names in retail- 
ing, with millions of customers of their own, 

are customers of ICL. 

We have supplied retail systems to all 
kinds of retail outlets including supermarkets, 
department stores, speciality multiples, and 
home improvement centres. 

Each system has been designed to meet 

the unique needs of each retailing operation. 
Many of our customers have used ICL retail 
systems to develop comprehensive networks 
connecting retail outlets right around the 
country with warehousing and head office. 

We value our customers as highly as you 
value your own. 

That is why we provide a comprehen- 
sive range of ICL customer services, from 
consultancy at every stage through to staff 

training at every level. And our calt-outservice 
is at hand 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 

Our ever-increasing list of satisfied cus- 
tomers is establishing ICL as the leading 
supplier of retail systems in the country 

This may be news to you. So, if you’re 
shopping around for a retail system, do not 
hesitate to get in touch. 

As you can see you’ll be in good company 

Far mare Information, dial 100 and ask for Freefone ICL. Or send the 
coupon to: ICL Infopoint, ICL House, feme* London SW15 1SW. 



Company . 

We should be talking to each other: 





High street qnaiity: Maries & Spencer leads the way in good food 

The disappearing village shop 

Food stores have not re- 
mained, unscathed from the 
recent spate of mergers and 
takeovers. The past 1 8 months 
have seen the acquisition by 
the Asda superstore group of 

'It has also seen several 
smaller purchases, taking Alec 
Monk's Dee Corporation 
from a zero rating on the 
league (able to the third. largest 
supermarket chain after Tesco 
and Sainsbury. outdoing 
groups of-slorcs like Gateway 
and Woolworth's Woolco 

The big supermarkets' share 
of food sales is getting bigger 
and that of the independents is 
contracting. With 77 per cent 
of retail food sales now con- 
centrated in just 10 store 
groups, the market is becom- 
ing steadily more 

The outlook for the village 
shop's survival is grim, a view 
continued by two reports 
published during the summer. 
“No more than three in every 
10 rural stores are totally 
sound and 10 per cent are in 
dire circumstances from 
which there is no long-term 
escape", concluded the 
Development Commission, in 
one of the reports. 

It blamed changing shop- 
ping habits and consumers* 
greater mobility, together with 
economy drives by manufac- 
turers. forcing shopkeepers to 
buy more from middlemen 
than obtaining deliveries 

. The second report The 
l Vlagc Shop - a Radical Plan 
hr its Long-Term SunivaL is. 
as its title would suggest, 
somewhat more- constructive. 
It shows that by becoming 
agents ofiocal authorities and 

public services, small village 
shopkeepers could augment 
their retail profits with extra 
income in the same way as 
postmasters by distributing 
prescriptions, delivering li- 
brary books, acting as 
Citizens' Advice Bureaux, or 
forming networks of lifeline 
call systems for the aged. 

To help small village shops 
the Council for Small In- 
dustries ' in Rural Areas 
(COSIRA) has co-ordinated a 
money-off advertising promo- 
tion. supported by six .big 
grocery manufacturers. 

The outlook for small gro- 
cery stores in urban- areas is 
rather better with the entry by 
big. names into the 
“convenience" store concept. 
The idea behind chains like 
Guinness's “7-EIeven" is to 
cater for emergency purchases 
with long opening hours and 
to go for high profit margins 
rather than cut prices. 

The stores are intended to 
stock a big range of products 
from frozen foods to news- 
papers. but also to tempt the 
shopper with an indulgence 
buy like hot bread or exotic 

The race continues for big 
sites. Last year saw the open- 
ing of 29 superstores (27.000 
sq ft) and one hypermarket 
(54.000 sq ft)., the largest 
number in any year since 1 98 1 
and there are many more in 
the planning pipeline. 

London now has two stores 
which qualify .for the 
hypermarket definition of al 
least 54.000 sq ft of trading 
floor space on a single level. 
The Tesco branch which 
opened at Ncasden last year, 
with a trading floor space of 
60,000 sq ft. has just pipped 

Asda. which owns the other 
London, hypermarket. It 
opened on the Isle of Dogs in 
London in 1983 and has 
56.000 sq ft. 

.According to the Unit for 
Retail Planning Information's 
listings, the largest stores trad- 
ing in Britain are the Carrel 
four ai Bristol (90.000 sq ft). 
SavaCemrc at Calcoi. Reading 
(81 .000 sq ft) and the Tesco at 
Weston FavelL Northampton 
(1 05.000 sq ft). 

But the big store groups 
have no intention of stopping 
there. David Grans by. group 
development director of Asda- 
MFL said superstore retailing 
has just begun in the UK and 
is nowhere near saturation 

Ian MacLaurin. the chair- 
man of Tesco. sees the future 
of retailing lying with special- 
ists. He foresees diversifies-, 
lion into services such as 
banking, but in conjunction 
with existing experts. 

The superstores are working 
hard to improve the quality 
and presentation of the fresh 
food they offer. Space for- 
merly used for warehousing is 
being given over to butchers, 
bakers and greengrocers. 

But in tenns of quality and 
imagination, the super- 
markets have a long way to go 
to catch up with Maries & 
Spencer, which became, rather 
surprisingly, the pioneer of 
good food and tasty ready- 
prepared meals when it was 
still basically a fashion cloth- 
ing chain. 

It remains to be seen 
whether Marks & Spencer’s 
link with Tesco in big out-of- 
town store development in- 
fluences superstore food 
standards for the better. 


Mail order 
for twin 

The mail-onier catalogue 
firms, who normally keep 
aloof from the high street 
stores, have formed new 
partnerships and are prepar- 

Juty, Grattan was ac- 
quired by Next, the rising star 
of fashion retailing. The deal 
followed the “amicable 
merger” between Freemans 
and Warehouse, the high fash- 
ion stores company formed by 
Jeff Banks, the designer, a few 
months earlier. 

The first outcome of the 
Freeman s /War eh o use link 
was Bymail, a “specialogoe” 
featuring a collection of de- 
signer fashions. More, a cus- 
tomer could now phone for a 
catalogue, order clothes by 
phone and charge them to her 
credit card. 

Both developments were 
radically different from tra- 
ditional mail-order catalogue 
business methods, based on 
conservative products and a 
network of agents serving 
enstomers without hank ac- 
counts or credit facilities. 

The recessionary cutbacks 
in their northern industrial 
heartland have been hitting 
the maQ-order companies hard 
since the early 1980s. Then- 
collective performance has 
been less buoyant than that of 
the rest of the retail sector 
after a boom period in the 
1970s when »wbm 1 workers' 
wages were streaking ahead. 

The Instant success of 
BymaO accelerated action by 
the other maO-order houses. 
Great Universal Stares, which 
claims more than 40 per emit 
of this sector of the tradd, has 
now devised a collection of 
clothes aimed at a specialist 
youth market and a direct-sell 
catalogue. The Next/Grattan 
team is understood to be 
considering an even more ex- 
tended range for its first joint 
catalogue next August 

Grattan, which has suffered 
a drop in market share since 
1980 but still has 500,000 
agents on its books, has 
already explored the specialist 
market fa dothmg with cat- 
alogues sack as Look Again 
(for the 18-25 bracket) and 
Streets of London (25-45). Its 
partnership with Next is also 
seen as giving an injection of 
style m household goods. 






Five years ago, in May 1981, Spar 
opened the first Eight Till Late store, 
and were the major pioneers of the 
UK convenience store market 

Now, over 1000 stores later, we’re 

still leaders, with ten times as many 
outlets as any other group. 

And we’re more dedicated than 
ever to serving the communities in 
'which we operate. 


This lad 

If your merchandise, service, 
pripe or emdromnent is not 
what your target customers 
want, they will spend their 
money somewhere else. 

This lady wont. 

to organise all the resources of 
your company to persuade 
existing customers to spend 
more and convert 
non-customers into customers. 

As part of a comprehensive 
profit improvement strategy, 

- Management Horizons assists 
many major successful 
companies to answer the 
fallowing essential questions: 

• Who are your customers and 

• What are your customers’ and 
non-customers' attitudes to your 
merchandise lines, ranges, 
quality, image, price points, 
display, locations and service? 

• Are you represented with the 
right size of store in the right 
town or shopping centre? 

• Where else should you be to ■ 
maximise return on investment? 

• Are you achieving the best 
sales and profits by using 
the most effective space 
allocation and retail display 
techniques? How could you 

• What is your store sales share 
of shopping centre catchment 
spending? Could you do better 
and how? 

• How do you establish the 
right commercial attractiveness 
for a new shopping centre 

• Are your operating costs and 
• productivities right -for your 


• Do your systems, manual or 
electronic; ensure that your best 
sellers are always out in front of 

• How can you organise 

distribution' replenishment and 
inventory control to achieve 
more attractive returns on / 
stock investment? f 

• What are your corporate \ 
objectives for future growth t 
and profitabUity? How do T 
you get there? 


When you’d like specific answers to these questions or others 
on profit improvement directions in retailing, please contact 

Edward Wbitefield, Chairman or 
. Roy Palmer, Managing Director 
Management Horizons limited, 
Ryde House, 391 Richmond Road, 
Twickenham, London TW1 2EE 
Tel: 01-891 0245 
Telex: 8952495 manhor 
Fax: 01-891 6686 

Management Horizons 






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Thn demand for the tramed man or woman cMn 
pmote sector a hcreaseig. Moat of tha HMng necessary to 
be taken a home by vary 

thadarrand far tta tranad man or woman cNropoaat in fta 
pwfc sector a hcreaano. Most of ' - • 

qualify for a diploma in cfaropody may 
spadafcwd correspond*!** lessons fdowad by M pmOcal 
You am invttod to write lor die Ire* booidat from 

The School of Seraicte Chiropody 
Tha suae kufltn (MttfaSdNdiihs) 
tha New Hal (D*pL Tril 
jbsd. t MW a n li an t Lnmha. k> 4U> 
Tab (0624) 21100 (24 tea) and (0821) 3M* 


tm h tmk* tya* 
k Two Hm 

Rncb m to Zmw a 
2 days, ua ro 39mm ad 
Sow b ua ora a*ak anti 
Kettxnrti Tmog 
Fiam 05 son 0 My. 

Maws Ifeytaard Tnmg 
Centre, 40 Tnfflfr Sauna. 
NWI 0 1 Oatd H«so]. 
For Money back Mam 
□oats cafl Dl 380 1029 or 
SB 4549/4599 

A guide to 
career choice 

Tie surveying profession — which 
usually expects entrants to have degrees 
— is now open to school leavers through 
the Chartered Surveyors’ Youth Train- 
ing Scheme: The scheme, just entering its 
third year, is a winner. Of 33 trainees 
who began last summer, at least 25 have 
found jobs and one 18-year-okl with just 
two 0-4evels is to study for an external 
in Estate Management, 
t on a chilly week in May, 17-year- 
old Charlotte Moore might have won- 
dered what die bad let herself in for — 
surveying a car park is. Abergavenny. 
She was one of 18 teenagers (three of 
them female) spending five days, 
“frustrating because of the weather and 
cars getting in the way”, measuring with 
theodolite the nodes and crannies of the 
windy site down to the position . of hutsi 
pipes, taps and angles. The results had to 
be translated into a measured drawing. 

A few weeks later Charlotte, passed die 
first year of her BTEC exams with merits 
and a distinction on the road to 
becoming an estate agent 
In early August she was awarded £25 
- a token for her achievements by 
Richard Luff, Master of the Worshipful 
Company of Chartered Surveyors. The 
centre! London estate agents, B atty 
Stevens Good, who took her on as a YTS 
trainee, offered her a permanent job. She 
intends to continue training towards 
professional qualifications — a stint 
which could take a decade with day 

A survey of young pro?_ 

chool leavers now |ofe o HH?cS"JSs 
h^eanop emng_ 

SSu^dd Daniel* wh< ? h,s 

into a profession. 

Ann Hill looks at 

the winning route 

Vauxhall Technical College for day 
release. But expansion fa on the cams 
That will be one of the first tasks of the 
new co-ordinator, John Nimin ons, w ho 
is joining to share the increasing 

workload. . . 

Until sow, John, an ex-teacher, has 

SSttS ^^a metnber of their 
R ?teriom?1nwresi s arconjhe^esrate 

agency side. “1 saw Pop into Property. Jt 
to cater for everything 1 want to 
do - meeting people. 

uaui UUW, JWU. ““ ""Yr * - ?- 1 jr- i; vp outline OUt With CllClUS. one W05 

been the main MSC cont^t. Funding for ^ first three weeks - 1 

office hack-up is contributed by a mix answerthe “phone”. Now her 

from the 1 MSC and the employers ismg ““Wntarww uk & ^ ^ 

through at the fast minute - 
She is learning the bard sen — 
“stressing the balcony if that s what the 
buyer wSits" At her tender age. Char- 
lotte is being taught, howjo avoid 
meeting strange men in flaK IM m 
worried I ask a colleague to come with 
me. or say that the key won t work, or ask 
the norttr to heto” The disappearance of 
Fulham has 

Successful junior negotntor 
who gets a kick from selling 

.Still, it only took a year to make the 
transformation from schoolgirl at Roch- 
ester Girls Grammar School, Kent 
(where Charlotte’s capabilities were 
underestimated), to successful junks 
SDtiator who gets a kick out of selling 
properties (and an extra 2 per cent 
commission on top of a wage of £4,500). 

In the past she could not have made 
the grade. The YTS, began in 1984, 
conceived by Alan Gillen, past Master of 
the Worshipful Company. It followed a 
plea from the Lord Mayor then for 
practical solutions to youth 

Char tered Surveyors are one of the 
modern dosed professional livery com- 
panies in the City, so this altruistic move 
represents % major breakthrough, though 
historically it continues the tradition of 
Gty sponsorship in old-style apprentice- 
ships. The result is that the professional 
body became YTS managing agents, 
opening doors to 16-year-olds with 
substantial barking from the Manpower 
Services Commission. 

After two one-year courses, the scheme 
— in line with YTS nationally — is about 
to become two year's long and the MSC 
bill for 1986-88 win be up to £320,000. 
Sixty trainees are expected to be matched 
with employers this summer and a 
similar number next year. 

Unfortunately, intake is limited to 
Greater London because trainees attend 

the scheme. New ones will be rcc nuied, 
possibly in the north-east, after interest 
from Newcastle. Architects are also 
being asked to join this YTS. Ni 
tjons are taking place with the 
Institute of British Architects with a view 
to matching trainees with practices in a 
yearor two. 

The major snag is that big firms arc 
still resistant, although Knight, Frank & 
Rutley is expected to accqpt a second 
trainee, and Edward Erdman is following 
in its wake. But Richard Ellis has 
withdrawn. Alan GiBett complained at 
the prize-giving that larger firms “are 
totally graduai£-orientat«i and do not 
realize how some of the junior grade 
work could be done splendidly by our 

Another hitch is the small number of 
mis presenting themselves for selection. 
The MSC may have an answer through 
positive discrimination which would 
allow an extra five places, for females. 

Entry into the profession is explained 
in a leaflet called simply Pop into 
Property , written by YTS co-ordinator 
Eleanor Green. She is provided with 
office space by chartered surveyor J. R. 
Eve, who is vice-chairman of the 
the scheme, 
ins, comes with 
specialities — building, quan- 
tity, general practice (related to residen- 
tial mid commercial estate agency work 
and property management). Surveyors, 
depending on their training, can sell a 
flat, manage, property for absentee 
landlords, ' organize demolition and 
refurbishment, supervise contractors 
and see a basic bunding through from 
start to finish. 

So far die has been amazed by the 
quality of youngsters who have been sent 
for interview. Few have been rejected. 
Judging by their progress in surveying, 
many nave not draw as well as they 
should at school. 

Daniel Flint, a 17-year-old Essex lad. 
left school without an O-Ievel, but with a 
dutch ofCSEs. A careers officer, with the 
scheme in mind, introduced him to his 

the porter to help. 
Susannah Lam pi ugh 
shocked them all. 

Backing makes the scheme a 
pioneer among professionals 

With the first year under her smart 
belt. Charlotte is intent on pursuing a 
career, possibly taking the course pre- 
scribed by the Incorporated Society of 
Valuers and Auctioneers. But first rite 
needs to move nearer the office. “1 live 
with my parents in Rochester, that 
means leaving home at 6.20am and not 
getting back until 7.30pm." 

Neil Richardson, 18, travels to build- 
ing surveyors off Oxford Street from 
Orpington- “Before hearing about the 
scheme I had planned to join the police, 
which is why my O-levels include 
government and politics. 1 didn't know 
what a building surveyor did until I went 
to the careers office, but I*d helped my fa- 
ther build our garage. 

“I want to be able to do structural 
surveys, schedules of delapidation, and 
handle a complete renovation job." be 
said. Neil is now learning the skills of 
draughtmanship and structural survey. 

His firm, Sweby Cowan, is taking on 
three additional trainees, one on the 
building surveying sides; the others on 
commercial and residential agency work. 
They have been sold on Neil's abilities 
and the backing which is making this 
YTS a pioneer among professionals. 

• C ar e er literature from The Royal 
Institution of Chartered Surveyors, 12 
Great Georae Street, Parliament Square, 
London SW1P3AD (01-222 7flnm . 


BRuBbmurtx Haas. SUM 6S6 

POLLUTION cornim. 


On* apprapm pass at 'Alaval reqnM for My. WHte to Adnesions. 
or Tat 0252 515511 Ett 203 


MOTH- 0»LOMA COURSE - On* mar. 
ANOTOUmsM COURSE - Twflbei m*s. 
COOKERY OOWWE - Bamn 'metes. 
NOTH. RECEPTION - Tan or ft** weeks. 

„ ..Pnxpedus: Hota Career Caere 

43 Hankk Atm. Wnt Si - iai * . Dm*. Tat ffX) aim 




Offtde Frock Comumm FtubRtkmnt 
tMNn French fetif - high quaSty oomw 
EVBMQ CLASSES : General Language - Conversation - 
Degree In French Studies 

UCnammeHaaa, LmOm. SWT IJD 
Tat H4U tt1t. B* 42. 9PU1 SOI E* 31 


Comas and RESITS 

In MstfwmaUcs and 

Personal tuition 

01-937 6521 


a 8 A Unb 

Retakas Adrst time 
Intensive 1 jxnr/1 term 

i Mathematic* & 

Seance subject*. Group A 

MMdual tuition. 

Manchatter. MIS lOJt 

Tel: 061 442 0858 



wmciTOii earn ear 

-»■ ~SS32r* 

9 ■ ! ll . llWiM. 

WkfeH.WICH 5M 


O A A Lave i Retrtses 
Recognised Business 

Commerc ia l EngBsh 
Home Study Courses 
DitaM nr we 
73 tOngston Road. OxtanL 

2 6uTt< 

OX2 i 

TflltfKSq 53148 


Chats* metane Toaoml O- 

Wpwc tjmey Knap. 1*7 
*jm«m taaacta* sates ■ 

Part-Un* iflpfonu cornu 

C03 '% c ^ lo - ta 

Td 01 236 3440 




Entries September, January 
and apriL Ple ase wn ta or 
tel e p h one for pro s pect us . 
1« Dunraven Sheet 
Par* Lana, London W1Y 3FE 
Tel: 01-429 2904 


Foundmn. Introductory aid 
Post FcukUmi (re-mica- 
bon| Comas. Pbces avatabts 
(or 1986 start 

The Btackbuth 
School of Ait 
01-852 3960. 

m r o w p lunmML 

OCE 1 v«w counts and one 
term rrVH RvsntendaJ. Pro- 
wenus. SO LandMtowne Rd. 
Bedford. 02 JU 461 S 7 . 



K you ni an LEA lecsgntaad 
tea * ai weig hts, drori tnaaiQ 
and exercise to muse carted 
Ptoa Bbsridga oa 91-07 H 21 
or Send a ut to 

LmAm CteM VMCA, 
112 Gnat Rami SL, 
Undos WCIB Wfl 



a aa gWOkitBianNi.Wl 

J J ^^W35M52f24»OT| 



Cofege, 3 CoMm SL 

( 8885 ) 251882/512821 




(Personality assessment 
through h a ndwriting analysis) 

has vacancies for the next 

academic yer of its 

3-year dtoloma oxrse (1 2hr 
lesson p.w.) 



0 * 0 ( 9 *. 99 2* Qwo ct S tem 

Plarr. London 8 W 7 2 DS- 
Pteasr wwr* or tetePt W tK for 

orovpmtK. 01-589 8885 or os- 

sa I 8551 



ST. jAterrs smaniiBUL 

COUteBE tartoui eotmes «tart 

sw. Jan a APTIL Procacctuf. 

JJiHte.4. wetltettar Cans. 
SW 5 01-373 

tettetel Manor's or doctor- 

ate dearer entirety from home 
o*tno your academic. Hte and 

wort rxvrrtencr to date Fully 

•real cteoroes art available in a 

wter vartecy of cusapbnes to ex- 

PtntocM adidte who seek 

recognition ter mete acMne- 

ments a ihrsu may be rooured 

deomdlne on okss awarded 

private and unaccredited Uni- 

vemiy orters free evaluabon 

Prosorctus rrom N*n aiboon a 

Conwanv- D«W T. P.O. Box 3. 

Sudbury. Suffolk. CDiO tow. 

Teu 10884 ) 68984 . 


Wesdxmme Road, Krmingliam B15 3TS 
Appointment of 


The Governing Body invites applications 
for the headship, which will become vacant 
on 1st September 1987 on die retirement of Miss VJL 
Belton MA 

The school, situated in a pleasant residential area near 
to Birmingham University and the city centre, is an 
independent day school of over 900 girls aged from 3 
to 18. There are 540 girls in the Senior School, of 
whom 100- are in the Vltb Form. Remuneration is 
based on Burnham Group 10. 

Further particulars are available from the Chairman of 
the Governing Body, at the school, to whom applica- 
tions should be submitted by 11th October 1986, 
together with the names and addresses of three 


School of Law 

Salary -£6,060 -£*843 

Applications are invited for the above posts from well 
qualified graduate*. Applicants are likely 10 have a’ 
depee in bw, though for one of ibe posts, a degree hr 
Combined Studies (Law and Computes) would be; 
SHtabk. There are three available projects in the, 
following areas: 


Tim successful applicant wfll assist P rofe ss or Ar- 
nold and others in the preparation for publication 
of Chses and Materials on Entertainment Law. . 


The-sucessfol applicant is required to join the 
School of Law Resource Centre staff who are 
working with IBM on the production of Computer 
- AnstetT learning programmes in Law. 


The successful applicant wiB work with Dr. Hawke 
and others on the preparation for publication of 
texts on the Law and Control of Environmental 

Successful a p pli c ant s who do not have post-graduate 
qualifications wiO be expected to register for a higher 

App&atfote farm and farther details oa three 
projects ere available from: 

The Personnel Officer, 
Leicester Polytechnic, 

P.O. Box 143, Leicester LEI 9BH. 
Tel: 0533 551551 ext 2303. 

Closing dote October 3rd 1986, \ 


wnen K ans u our cc iww - 
bnj 8 tee* aod obiecxK*. Com 
4"* .«• - Truman * 

KntteMcy. 76 Netting HO n*- . 
wit. nt 01-727 1242-rm. 


Appointment of Head 

The Governors invite applications for the appointment of 
Head of Kimbolton School, to succeed Mr.. D.w. 
Donaldson MA, who will retire on 31$t August 1987. 
An ex Direct Grant School, Kimbofton School is now fully 
independent and coeducational with 640 pupils 8-18 
(250 Day Girls 350 Day Boys 40 Boy Boarders). The 
School is in membership of tne Governing Bodies Asso- 
ciation and the Headmaster is a member of the 
Headmasters' Conference. 

Application forms and further particulars can be -ob- 
tained from: 

The Clerk to the Governors, 
Kimbofton School, 



Cambs. PEI 8 0EA. 

Telephone: Huntingdon (0480) 860505 

The closing date for applications is 
Monday, 13th October, 




The Council invites applications for the post of Principal to fill the 
vacancy whkftwffl arise m September 1987 when Miss Joan Sadler 

There are at present 840 girls in file College/ of whom 150 are day 
girls. There are about 260 gjris in the Sixth Form, most of whom 
proceed to degree courses. Great importance is attached to a wide 
xange of extra-curricular activities. 

There are 122 full-time and part-time teachers on the staff and the 
Principal is assisted in the overall management of the College by a 
Vice Principal and a Senior Mistress. . 

The salary, which is negotiable, wfll not be-less than £25,000 per 
annum; in addition, a rent-free house is provided along with 
domestic assistance, and a car. 

An application form and full particulars of the appointment may be 
obtained from the Secretary .to the Council, P.O. Box 163, . 
Cheltenham, Glos. GL50 4AB. The dosing date for applications is 
10th October, 1986. 

As a result of its continuing development the 
College wishes to make a number of academic 
appointments. These will beprimarBy in tee anas 

of nnv»iiilin^/fin^T>ff_ w m lrai Hii^ buniMM 

^. staafa^y a nd international management but 

considered and at least .one position needs to be 
filled m the CoBegrt In Company Pro gramme 
Division concerned with, tbs development of 
programmes for client (nganiiwtione. 

Appbe&nts should have high academic 
qua lifi c atio ns and ideally abould be able to 
demonstrate substantial ana successful exper i ence 
’ .of teaching and tutorial support at senior 
management feveL 

_ a fuU curriculum 
be addressed to> 

Professor T. Kempser, Principal, 
Henlgy - The Management College, 
Greenlands, Henley-on-Thames, 

Oxen RGB BAD. ‘ 


<SK J , 

■ 1 a-..-.:: 


3001 toys; age 4-13 toe 80 boarders ‘ 
AppfcMfcna are kwttooforsppoirteMntae 


from Sept 1987. on tha utote u ai s of Mr Jack Hogs 
New 4 ttedroornad house: Satery group 5. 

Head plus omrous AAMncn 
PankaSara + ap p fcato n a: Oerk io Govanors 
Os sc hw uo d "«k. Marayato. ir Si Mran. Hers. AL3 SAW 

Telephone 0582 .840 33^M1756 


Appointment of Head 

vacMattft ® end ° f 

preson Headmaster. The Dean and Charter seek to 
father, probably a university 
jnriuate. who b a communicant Anglican (lay or 
w^l ^expenencs of teaching the r^evant 

g^grouftteda comm ttment to and low of the 

Enffish cathedral choral tradition. 

FtA details are avaOahle from: 

_ The Registrar, 

Chapter House, 
s f Paul's Churchyard, 

• London EC4M BAD 

to whom applications are needed by 25th October. 

uwvasmr of Warwick . 


Fellow/ Associate 

* « (£7,055 * 
oe nmSto SfSrSipbSSira 




•sv il f. 

! i 

‘ “*! i Ol 

IV 1 " <• . > ■ 


I ' 

i i 

: un ^ 

■ • 

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i: - 

;- 1 *'-<■ 
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'■ -..i. *■> :. 


; i . • • > . 

5l *- ajr 

.. . ,r ‘ K 

... i :l , ^ U |S 

... .-.i; 

i ■• ■’ s ‘ ;£ 

•*» 11 ',:/•=■ i ; 

110 # J ; ;4 : 



university ofessex 




TJseUnrvosity is seekir^a successor to its first VicfrChanceHocDE Albert Sfoman, 
who will retire on 30 September 1987. 

Pereons interested inbemgconstderedforthepostorwishingtosuggestanvone 
for consideration are invited to write, In confidence to Sir AndrewStark, FYo-Chancei!o{ 
cro theRegjstrai: University of Bse* Wtvehhoe farfa, Colchester CD4 3SQ. 

The University hopes to receive applications from persons with a wide variety of 
0 a»ground 5 and experience for this post of principal academic and administrative 
information about the post and the University may be obtained from 


JUetreHp m m^ExfknfaGttskjsks 

Applications are invited fora “New Hood*. 
Lectureship in Mineral Exploration Geophys- 
ics rn the Department of Geology tenable from 
I January 1987. The age of the successful ' 
candidate should not normally e xce e d 35 at 
the date of appointment. 

The successful candidate would be ex p e c te d to 
have a PhD in Physics or Geophysics and 
concentrate his/her research efforts in the 
development of field procedures, data process-, 
ing, and quantitative interpretation schemes ' 
for electrical and electromagnetic p* mp«**iwE 
methods. ' 

Initial salary will depend on qualifications and 
experience on the Lecturer** Scale £&,Q20 to 
£1 5,700 (under review). 

Farther particulars from the Registrar 
(Appointments), University of Leicester, Uni- 
versity Road, Leicester, LEI 7RH, to whom . 
applications should be sent oa the form pro- 
vided by 13 October 1986. 

‘ University of London 


The Senate invite applications for the above 
newly-established post, which wOl be open 
to applicants with qualifications in any of 
the Social Science disciplines. 

Applications (10 copies) should be submit- 
ted to the Teachers’ Section (T), University 
of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 
7HU, firoat whom father particulars s houl d 
first be obtained. 

The closing date for receipt of qppUcatioms a 
24 October 1986. 

Chair in 'Applied Computer Scienc e 

Applications are invited for the Chair of Applied 
Computer Science in the Department of Mathematics 
and Computer Science, from the soonest dale that 
can be ananged. Applicants should have teaching and 
research interests in Applied Computer Science: 
Further pvtictilare.iitay be obtained from; 

The Registrar, 

Urfvmky CHegc of Swsmsm, - 
Sfakteu Park. . . 

Swansea, SA2 KPP 

to whom applications 00 copses) should be seat by 
Friday, October 17. 1986.- . 



Applications are invited for a lectureship created as a 
result of the UGC Engineering and Technology Pro- 
gramme. Candidates should nave a good bottoms 
degree and knowledge of electronic e ngi neerin g. Ex- 
perience in areas such as software, digital systems, 
robotics.. control, communications. or semiconduc- 
tors would be an advantage. 

Salary within the range £8X120- £13,700 per annum 
(under review). 

Fhrlher particulars and qip&cation forms available 

The Staff Appointme nt s Officer. 

" ! U niver si t y of N ottingham , 

. Utrir e ss h y Park, 

• Nottingham NG7 2XD 

returnable not liter dm 6 October 1986: Ref No 

of London 

yn College 

Applications are invited for the post of Academic Administrator to a* 
ordinate and plan the programme of Gresham College. 

Gresham College is an independent institution established in 1597 in the Gty 
of London trader the will of Sir Thomas Gresham. It is funded by th& 
Mercers’ Company and the Corporation of London, as trustees of the 
Gresham Estate. Ifs academic programme of lectures, seminars conferences 
and courses' is structured around the ’subjcct areas of the original seven 
Gresham Chairs of Rhetoric, Law, Physic, Astronomy; Geome try, Mu sk and 

academic programme, working m close 
Professors and Fellows. 

This position of res|>opsibility offers an 

nicate at a senior level 

Salary negotiable in the range £15,000 - £20,000 pet annum. 

Please apply to: 

The Cfcxk to the CmkD - of Gresham College 

. Mmgci* Hi0. . 

-Naad ol Economics retired 
tor JMMwy 1987 (tepartmwt 
oftwofci wMgufatod 

gra d ufa Econo ram tor wach- 

ing A lav«1 Economics. Tha 

refarad to Isk*i gngraplv 
up to O lemL Ttra tatty io 
M pwffhganwswWbsan 
added recommendation. 
Burnham Seals 3 plus London 
mfcXfct Band Momma and 
itn John Lyon Momncew* 

Ptouawnda tetter of 
appHcabon and cuntcuhm 
Was. Inducing tha names. 

ad*fms, and triapton* 

numbws ot two ratorsaa Be 

■ The Headmaster, 
The Mm Lyna ScM, 

■wW KUDr twJWMy 


The ESRC Industry and Employment Commit- 
tse is launching a major initiative on New 
Technologies and the Firm. As aprearaorto 

£2000 are currently being offered lor . pre- 
project research. 

It is intended that projects yM a ddrew tfw W - 
tourirto areas: the . initiation, aevetopmem, 
implementation and impact of newtechn^ 
ogles in the firm; technologies as «> instrument 
of competitive strategy; technologies and me* 
coSgSSoS for human raeource p ota to and 

are expected to -------- 

Projects are expected to 
ana innovative research 

The ore-oroiect money Is designed to f orty - a 
hiqh degree of Baison between researchers 
arid industry, to enable the negotiati on of ac- 
cess to Industrial situations and to allow full 
proposals to be generated. 

Further detaBsareav^tehomS^y^u^ 

son ext 232 end Joan d Atom, met 234 
Economic and Social R^aarch Coug, 
Great Portland Street, London win b ba, tei 
01-637 1499. The ctoslrvgdate for applications 
is Friday 10 October 1W6- 

The King's School 
in , 




The Polytechnic of 
Central London 

Industrial Tutor 



tents tam fa aw 
fligWlteSna fa 

jjniWate fa also uwlerta® 
some laadwu. 



ss-ssfas as 


OaMQ DM 3BH W WW I* 6 „ 

n tt i* raw. owobthutib 




Applications arenvtW by 

10 October 1986. from 
men and women in their 

ttmd or fourth ywf of 
search tor a Research 
Fellowship lenabte fa- 
three years (to the first in- 
stance) from 1 October 
1987. For further particu- 
lars please send sag. to: 

Hie .Master, 
Fitzwifliam College, 

reference RF/T1. 

Applications are invited for the 
Headship which will become 
vacant on 1 st September 1 987 
following the retirement of 
Mr. A H Cooper M.A. 

Particulars of the appointment 
may be obtained from the-Clerk to 
the Governors, The (One's School,. 
Macclesfield, Cheshire SKI 0 1 DA 
to whom appl ications should be 
submitted by 17th October 1986. 


(HMC; fully coeducational 
from September, 1987} 


required for January or September, 1987. 

FuS particulars from: 

The Head Master, 

St Peter's School^ 

York, YG3 6AB 
(Tel: 0904 23R13) 


BMaford, Morth Devon 


Sx olatus but ** "o* faapondanLTho (ttt dVKtrt on t 
SvMmbur 1987. 

Pvtiodari n*r bo obtrinad. (rone 

The Secretary of foe 
Board of Manogamont lor • 
IMfadM RasMentW [School* 

25 Marytebona Road, London, NW1 5JPL 

Tho Coring DM for appBcBUora fe 17 OMnbur 1908 





Appficants should have qualifications and 
preferably practical experience in one or 
more of the following fields: 

0) Land Surveying. Special knowledge of 
remote sensing and computer applica- 
tion to surveying would be an advantage. 

(2) Mapping Sciences including reprograph- 
ics, thematic mapping or survey drafting. 
Special knowledge of remote sensing 
(Including photogrammetry) would be an 

(3) Land Management Inducing valuation, 
. land development project formation and 


SALARY: Technical Instructor K14.070 - 
K 15,665 p.a.. Senior Technical Instructor 
K1 8,315 - K20.165 ojl. Lecturer K18315 - 
K20.165 p-a., Senior Lecturer K22.015 p.a. 
(K1 = Stg. 0.6767 approx.). Level of appoint- 
ment will depend upon qualifications and 

Initial contract period is for three years. Other 
benefits include a gratuity of 24% taxed at 

Applbations aie invited for tho foBo»ing appointments vrhlch an funded by the Health & Safety Executive: 

Health & Safety Unit, Department of Chemical Engineering 


(Ref. fife 06SK9 

7b pursue research and teach occupational health and salety and risk assessment Current mv* includes the 
development of computer pndogas lor aalety planning and process control . _ 

Candidates should possess strong academic qualifications in angoteorlng, and relevant experience In 

computation and risk ass e ssm ent would be an advantage. 


(Ref. No. 8653/2) 

Graduate requited tor the above post which Invokes providing tutorial support to new Health and Safety 
Executive stall taking a post-graduate course in health and safety via distance learning. The poet is based at 
Aston, but some travelling within the UJCwiB be required 
Applicants should have a wide knowledge of occupational health and safety, especially safety technology 
and human factors. An interest in computation and tha development of distance foaming materials would be 

an advantage. 

Informal enquiries may be made to Professor R.T. Booth, Head of the Unit (Tab Ext 4640). 

Organisation Studies & Applied Psychology Division 
— Management Centre 


2%, support for approved ^ research, appoint- 
ment and repatriation fares, leave fares for 
the staff member and family after 18 months 
of service, settling-in and settiing-out allow- 
ances, six weeks paid leave per year, 
education fares and' assistance towards 
school fees, free housing; salary protection 
plan and medical benefit schemes are 

Detailed app&cation (two copies) with curricu- 
lum vitae and the names and addresses of 
three referees, including telephone numbers, 
should be sent to: 

The Registrar, 

Papua New Gumea University 

Privat^Mafl 0 ^), 

Lae, Papua New Guinea 
by 31 October 1986 

Applicants resident in the United Kingdom 
should also send one oopy to Association of 
Commonwealth Universities (Appts), 36 Gor- 
don Square, London WC1H Opt, from whom 
further general Information may be obtained. 

(Ref. No. 86540/ 

Applied Psychologist with strong academic Qualifications moufrad to pursue research and (each 
psychological and management aspects of occupational health and safety. Currant research includes 
Information processing and computational psychology , and (he perception of any provision for health and 

safely at work. 

Computational skffls are needed together with a willingness to contribute fo undergraduate programmes in 
one or more of the following anas: developmental psychology, physiological psychology, research methods 

and statistics. 

informal enquiries may be made to Dr. N.C. Graham, Heed of the Division fftt Ext 491Sf. 

Lect ur esh i ps: Commencing salaries win be within, and may be up Id the maximum of, the range E8XB0 ro 
CtSt TOO per annum (presently under tariawi and the appointments will be tenable for two years. 
flas we ich A ssi st an t Commencing salary wHJ be within the range 17,055 fo £9,495 per annum (presently under 
review} and the appointment win be tenable for one year Initially. 

Application torms and further particulars Aston Wan gle, B irmingham B4 7ET. 

may be obtained from the Personnel Officer i. Tbt 021-359 0670 ff4-houransvmphoneK 

(Academic StaftX quoting the appropriate faV M Closing date tor the receipt ot applications 
reference number, Aston University, JF & 10th October, 1086. 





Applications are invited for the post of RESEARCH 
ASSISTANT to work on a project investigating the 
quality of life hi major British cities. The project will 


Secretary General 
of the Faculties 

The Council of the Senate invtte appl cations for 
fin office of Secretary General of the Faculties, 
which will become vacant on 1 Sept em be r 1987 by 
the resignation of Dr KJ.R. Edwards on taking up 
the Vtoe-ChanceHoraltip. of the University of 

The ^present pensionable stipend of the office is 
£24,939 a . year. 

Persons Intere s ted In applying for the office are 
asked to seek full particulars from: 

•_ V j -The. Vlce-Clio obfa o ft 
. The Master's Lodged 4 
■ Pembroke Colega, 

. Cambridge, C82 104. — 

The dosing date for applications wfl be Wednes- 
day. 15 October 1986. 



The eketon intend to proceed to an election to the Direo- 
tonfaip of Postgrad uate Medical Education and Training 
with effort from I October 1987. The stipeod of the direc- 
torship will be on the scale £ 21,460 . £27,700 (under 
review). 1 

Applications (eight copies or one from overseas), naming 
ihrer refe rea but without testimonials, should be received 
not later than 1986 by the Registrar, University Offices, 
Wellington Square. Oxford, Oxl 2JD. from whom farther 
particulars may be obtained. 

foots on quality of life variables at a metropolitan 
scale rather than at a neighbourhood of household 

Applicants should ideally have postgraduate research 
experience: Ability to use quantitative methods will 
be importanL The appointment wfl] be for a period of 
one year, commencing as soon as possible, and at a 
salary of £7.0S5 pa. on Range IB of the salary scales 
for Rese ar ch and Analogous Soft 

Applicants should send two copies of their curricu- 
lum vitae, giving names of two referees, to: 

Dr. A. Findlay, 

Department of Geography, 
University of Glasgow, 

Glasgow, G12 8QQ- 
Ciosang date 26th September, 1986. 




In the History of An. Applications are invited 
for a Lectureship or Senior Lectureship in the 
History of Art, depending on qualifications 
and experience. A particular interest in late 
eighteenth and nineteenth century European 
art in general, and mid to late nineteenth 
century studies in particular would be an 
advantage. The starting date would be by 
agreement but preferably not later than I 
October 1987. 

Application (enclosing a Curriculum vitae and 
names of 3 referees) to Head of Department, 
History of Art, University College London, 
Gower Street, London WC1£ 6BT before 10 
October 1986. 



Applications are invited for a new post in the Depart- 
ment of the History of Art. The Lectureship (3 yean 
iirthe 6m instance) wiD -be is the field oflhe oeco- 
rarive arts in the nineteenth and early twentieth 
centuries, in which the applicant should have an area 
of specialisation. The salary will be commensurate 
with age and ability but roll be at the upper end of the 
Lectureship scale. 

Further particulars may be obtained front. 

The Academic Personnel Office, 
University of Glasow, 

Glasgow, G12 8 QQ 

where applications (8 copies), giving the names and 
addresses of three referees, should be lodged on or 
before 1 7th October, 1986. 

In reply please quote Ret No. 5607/IE. 




i . t : 

Applications ot invited for the above post from medically 
q eaiMff rt candidates. 

The holder’s primary duties wifl invotva provision of a diving 
medical emergency service at the Hyperbaric Unit of the 
Grampis) Heafih Board, aid the candidate must have rele- 
vant experience in the management of patients under 
hyperbaric conditions. The appointee wdl also be expected to 
pursue research in environmental physiology and medicine, 
and to participate in the teaching pro gramm e of the Depart- 
ment. It a anticipated that Grampian Health Board will award 
the suecessM candidate Honorary Consultant Status. 

Salary on scale £21.460 to £27,700 par annum (scale under 

. Further particulars and application forms from: 

TTie Personnel Office, 

The University, 

Regent Walk, 
Aberdeen AB9 1FX 

with whom applications (2 copies) should be lodged by 10 
October 1986 (Ret ER/044). 



Post No. 216 

Salary: &595 - £l4£20 (bar) - £15,873 

Apptknfoos ire invited from suubty qualified applicants for 
the above po rt tena ble fro m Jam aty 198 7, Caatfad aiet with 
any field of io iciest »iD be c o w i dcw d but preftrexc may be 

E ’vea to those with teaching inttTCTU in (be area of Company 
m and/or EEC La*. 

The School of Law has a bread range oTtaw teaching ropon- 
sflxfititt. for the L*» degree (fuIUmie and nart-Jrmel for the 
Combined Sadies degree (with law as a major opbcm) and fix- 
taw scrvtc&ttacfamg in many of the other schools of (be 

Appfiankm forms and further derate are available from: 

The Personnel Officer, 

' Leicester Polytechnic, 

P.O. Box 143, 

Leicester LEI 9BH. 

Teh (0533) 551551 Ext 2303. 

Closing dare 3rd October 1986. 


Applications are invited for the poet of 


Which wfl] become vacant ham the 1st Ssrfanibe^ 1887 
upon the re tir em ent of hBw M. Leahy BA 
Tha Kiag'a High School, fonnert? a District Grant Gram- 
mar School, ia ot* w Independent Day School Tiwre are 
640 gUa aged 11-18 mduang • Sixth Fbm of 180 giile. 
The School pt rt i cipwea in tha Government Assisted 
Places Scheme. 

Salary in a cco i dance with Burnham Scale e. C2L000. 
Fop further partied bus end application form writs tK> 
The Foundation Secretary, X New Stre e t , Warwick 
CV84 4KX. 

Cbelag riote far oppHrutiann. 

Friday, lOtk October, 1986. 



Aramarv •tTn'nr a Ovctnlm IMhrlfirivs ml AwWaw Bonarw 
SHflate Kb*4 ta Uadv. TV «cw*lri mUtmt. 
ImaA-.OTfidT ■ «rnnwlT>.«rtU 

■ hwh wip. 1, railiriaiawimw ur«nnuni*daCMBiWaaBdidadp- 
MiaWnM<Mla tWC ?whiv itniwdlne a|>irfc nw . far 

Ldl pwinikn. W u maliciiriwi h+ta. p btoc wrtlr fit 

nr Bmaar, iSm. The Leya JM, Cubridte CBS SAD, 



Appointment of 


The Governors of the Haipur Trust invite 
applications for this appointment from April or 
September 1987. 

This major independent school (founded in 1882), 
with excellent facilities and high standards, has 1,030 
girls aged 7-1 8 years, including 150 boarders and 210 
in the Sixth Form. 

Further detafis and application forms (to be 

returned by 10th October) may be obtained from: 

The Clerk of the Harpur Trust, 101 Haipur Centre, 
Bedford MK40 1PJ. 


by M.A. iCamM tor GCE 
OxMWar ditrlMf and in yr 
■Bill wotfi. Trt: Ol 94« 4380 



CBmaa (Men Kb, Smwu 
. «1l 4&S 
6 1ta wwnKi hsB> 

Intta Mail nv 

in science 
in 19847 

Jfot auve of what 
you woof to dot 
SntcHffe Selection may be 
■ ab ft to help 

You not have coasidreed sain, but 

want a career with variety, interpersonal 
contact, and the opportunity of being 
rewarded accortfing to your efforts. If this a 
you, ring Sutcliffe Selection to see how we can 
help you. 

*25* 55955 (24 fan) 

Sotdiffe Selection, 

46/48 Essex Road, 

Basingstoke, RG21 ITB. A 




We are recruiting experienced and qualifi ed 
Native Speaker - Language Trainer (TEFL) - 
For a client to the Frankfurt Area. Applicants 
(C. 28-46 Years) should have a solid back- 
ground in Language Teaching (RSA, 
FEGC E/TEFL, MA, APP.UNG.), knowledge of 
German and possibly a current driving 

Trainers will be employed by EURO- 
private language school organisation in West- 
Germany and will work on a permanent 
contract starling January 1987. 

Applications with C.V and recent photograph 





West Germany 

Ceatemed ad ntxt page 

> '' 


itiis iuyjLcS IviOimJai acri Llviritk i3 ivdu 




£11,000 to £12.000 

Working closely with the 
partners of WCl coosult- 
ing engineers you'll be 
rtsprasiWe lor office 
management including ac- 
counts and peren nial 
administration, have a 
high degree of organi- 
sations! ability and 
pwsesa the neceasaiy typ- 
ing skills, to cope when 
the occasion arises. Scope 
for promoting the com- 
pany through client 
contact- Age 30-45. 

40% ADMIN 
to £10,000 

With discount on clothes 
as an added bonus you 
will enjoy asaiaiizig the 
MD and Financial Direc- 
tor of this fashion 
! company in Wl. 

You'D be organising 
presentations, looking af- 
ter personnel admin, not 
mind typing the odd fig- 
ure and have speeds of 
80/60. I 

Lota of variety for a ca- j 
pabie 23 to 40 year old. 


£S,S00 ++ 

—Hh fh -iln- iruiemj: jj«vm li> rn-ihlr ji«j In rail I 'iwnpanirs. 
jjfr- llinv iuHilhk jmv revirws || .triimiiwlniiiin. 

m ihiilihicjiiiI line pm! jialo'ilkv nut t'andinr Walliurr 



Attend and FiWIiolh t» hn Diiwi iO of ihh Ifmitf 

gnsgi. The. ia*u nitre. rwiiemem «ritlh<tM pnuuir ood mud, 
■mirr than inr imuaJ wrreuiul mfe. Fab perks. With ihart- 

haod cufl lamp 

Staff Introductions 
TEL: 01-486 6951 


Oty Entrepreneur seeks 
an exceptional college 
leaver who can do almost 

You It need good 
shorthand and typing 
skills a dmnng licence 
. and a flexible attitude. 

We also have an unusual 
vacancy tar a pjmor 
secretary interested in the 
tine arts. 

Must have good skdts 

£7250 nag. 

of Bond St. 

RtCuitinant Consultants 
>» Ho 55 lamawrw r — .dttlxj 




Personnel Dept need onpnsed 
PA/SEC 22+ Good education/ 
Typ/SH. Uflpnl 

Tel. Tracey 01 631 0875 


£12,500 NEG 

Senn Executive of gum new 

Dry Ca reeds the assistance of 
PA / Sec, 28-32 with suxUent 
Shorthand and typing stalls- WP 
and senior level nperence. he 
Nes to nvolve and delegate. Lux 


PA sec. 28-30. tOO/SO/WP To 
asset young wee creadert. He 
worvs hard, is entnusosic and 
would appreciate a competent, 
cheerful sec who ewovs ranrang 
tus office. WbM established co 


Sec/Admnstrator. md 20 5 
80/50 1BMPC Although secre- 
tarial starts are needed 80% at 
your tme a taken up will organ 
isaig causes, kason and admn- 
Etranon Prommenl Dty Co. 
Rmh 437 M7G or 734 370. 
133 Oxford St Rk Cmm 



Cool. calm, corrected PA secretary 
reai red fa City genl. senre dree- 
tor at wetl known organisation 
Patience. ntefliasKe and lop sec- 
retarial skirts wA he well rewarded 
«M(h numerous betwfds re latau- 
ktus 3 aunt lunch. BUPA, STL 
sports dud. etc. etc. 

Call Pasla Comfy oo 

01-938 1846 

£10000 + Exd bens. 

Tim dty based w veutm ant 
nous* require an arrodaua fi 
energetic sec mh e x c ellen t 
sMIs la beck uo the DcgcMc 
of dm Co. 

WWi the emphasis on flemM. 
tty you wrt find ttw fob both 
numang * Ifenrenong. An 
anraemre position lor a quick 
ttenMng IndhnduaL 

01-481 2345 

£10,000 + review 

Our chews, a leaang IV & Ma- 
de Co requre a competent 8 
experienced 5 H/Sm to assist 
ttw Dvecior of the Company 
Make die most of your outgo- 
ing personaMy B wte iest «f 

tfe exdsng busswss to de- 
velop your state » thsr 
greatest potwha l An meal 
oppcKtunnv lor a unght S ca- 
pable person. 

01-481 2345 

secrenry lottw shot nrtnw m me leafing him of Estate Mens. Sai S l OjOOO 
pbs pa Beguiled and of September Appfcants must be expenanc ed 
Mko/ shorthand lyod pretenatile n ter late 20s a esly 30s. Wide wM C.V 

Heed AdaMxbxdea 
13 HBI Street 

Berkeley Srpara. W1X ML 


Continued from page 25 


for entry in September 1987 

Two Acadomc and two Muse Scholarships wfU be named lo boys 
and gels of exceptional merit seeking admission to the Soffit Form in 
September 1987 The awards will be worth up to 66% of current 
boarding lees. 

The SdKkjrsfups ml be held at Bryansui on 18th. istti end 20th 
November 1986. Closing dale lor apptaadons: 3rd November 1986. 
For further (totals and apphcaoons forms please contact: 

The Registrar, 
Bryanston School, 
Blandford, DT11 OPX 
or telephone 
0258 5241 1 


Up to twelve Scholarships are offered for 
postgraduate study in the academic year 
1987-88 at Harvard University and the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
These Scholarships are available to United 
Kingdom candidates who will have gradu- 
ated from a British University or 
Polytechnic by the time of taking up an 
award in 1987 or who graduated not earlier 
than July 1985. Value of Scholarships 
$9,000 plus tuition and cost of transatlantic 
travel. Details of eligibility and application 

S rocedure from Registrar of University, 
ollege or Polytechnic (or Kennedy Memo- 
rial Trust, 16 Great College Street, London 
SW1P 3RX). 

Closing date for applications at 
Universities, Colleges, Polytechnics, 
24th October 1986. 



£11,000 negotiable 

This is a real assistants 
role. Your duties will be 
wide ranging, all at senior 
level, and will require an 
organised, intelligent 
appraoch. You will be a 
right hand man lo your 
bow while he h expending 
ihe company abroad, help- 
ing to recruit new waff 
and organising Ids hectic 
schedule. You must be 
well educated, wdU pre- 
sented and have skills 
90/55. Age 2S+. 




French aid German 
useful as secretary to 
the charming MD of a 
large Arts Publishers. 

Organise his many 
European appoint- 
ments + their 
presence at the 
Frankfurt Book Fair. 

Elephantine memory 
+ excellent short- 

5 weeks hols. 

Or v 3778600 
WMEnd 439 3001 j 

Secretaries P lus 

9 Vtr&mrUKktC nn. taw. 1 H 



Dealing m 20th Century 
British Art seeks PA / Sk. 
(21 -i-}. Good opportunity for 
responsible person 
interested in modem art 
Ring 01-584 0667. 


An expanding, cosmo- 
politan, but family-run 
company requires a PA- 
CO work for die MD. 
based in rts Bordeaux 
head office. The job will 
email travel do the U-5- 
and Britain, and will 
require excellent bi- 
lingual skills including 
fluent spoken French 
and French shorthand. 
The salary package com- 
prises accommodation 
(own flat) and car, with 
a basic of £10,500. Age 
indicator 26-36. If you 
have the necessary skills, 
and are prepared to re- 
locate, please telephone 




& Associates Ltd 
Recruitment Consultants 
130 Regent Street, 
London W1R5FE 




in assist in the administra- 
tion of BUNACs exchange 
programmes. These are 
London based office jobs 
which require hard work, 
dedication, and previous 
office experience. Knowt- 
edge of our work 
programmes an advantage. 
Please apply in writing 
with CV to: 

Amy Tolmach. BUN AC 
232 vauxhail Bridge Road, 
London. SWiv 1AU 



Long tom contracts. Oil Ser- 
vices Company. Good 
shorthand and typing speeds. 
Previous overseas working 
experience preferred. C.V 
Quoting ref: 5002P, to: 

John Stevens, 
Team Sel Int Ltd, 
147 King St., 
Gt Yarmouth, 

Educational Studentships 

Christ Church, Oxford 
Official Studentship 
in Philosophy 

The college proposes, should there be a 
suitable candidate, to elect an Official 
Student (i.e. Tutorial Fellow) in Philos- 
ophy with effect from I October 1987. 
The appointment is tenable in conjunc- 
tion with a University Lecturership 
(CUF) under the Board of the Faculty 
of Literae Humaniores. 

Farther particulars should be obtained 
from the Dean's Secretary, Christ Church, 
Oxford, 0X1 IDP, and applications re- 
turned to The Very Revd. the Dean of 
Christ Church by 20 October. | 

Fellowships & Studentships 



Applications arc invited for the position of Se- 
nior Research Fellow to work for a period of up T 

to three years as Co-ordinator of the forthcom- 
ing Economic and Social Research Council 
programme on New Technologies and the Firm. s 

The ESRC Industry and Employment Commit- 
tee is commissioning a substantial multi- 



Staff Introductions 
TEL: 01-486 6951 

§H>att aHratt 


P/A to Sales Director, to assist in all as- 
pects of Wine Merchants business, 
order, sales, purchasing. Preferably with 
WSET certificate/knowledge of wine. 
Must be enthusiastic, hardworking, out- 
ward going, and have an excellent sense of 

Apply in writing to J. Benson, Dolamore, 
Waterloo Hse., 228 Waterloo Station 
approach, London SE1. 

. C. £10,000+ 

You could not ask tor a happier working environment. This 
DuteJi Oil exploration Co needs a really super Secretary with 
90/60 skills and bags if team spirit to join them now in 
Covent Garden. 

Cal Karri « 408-1 S3 1. I 

Middleton Jeffers 





organisation in Victoria are 
ioatang for a expenemsd 
secretary with shortiisnd. 
Aged 25-30. 

Salary £9.000. 

TefBI 828 8345 
. hr n Manual chat 


In adfttnn lo typing, denial mrk. 
amt (took ksepng you wl deal 
with chants and nn the office. You 
must lave kutisM, uitdhgance 
vd seif reliance. Salary starts at 
E8JJ00. Write to Petfif Bhfcer at 
NMdUa PubiShng Lid. Mwtey 
House. 314/322 Regent St Lon- 
don Wifi SAD. 


PA/Sec required to assist 
our MD in all aspects of 
this small but busy prop- 
erty company. Excellent 
SH/Typing skids essen- 
tial. Car driver. 


01 >629 0113 

No AoenctBS. 

■21+ e£8,000 

intamstiorati company souks 
con Mem treaty ncratvy to 
wortc In the Marketing De- 
partment. Liaison with 
production companies in 
Spam and PormaaL Good 
Shorthand ana typing 
essemiak. Further details 
Stuart Williams 583 1034 
Merecfith Scott RacruitinenL : 


£18/11,600 CITY 

Partly sec position but bulk 
of work wfU be personnel 
a dmi nist ra t i on. Previous exp 
definite advantage. S/h it 
English Age 24-35. Normal 
Banking perks. 

£11/124188 CITY 

Marketing manager of int 
bank requires confident, well 
presented P/A to assist m all 
aspects of work. Some over- 
seas travel essential. S/h in 
English age 24-40. Normal 
banking perks. 


This is an opportunity to 
become involved in an 
overseas consultancy on 
the operations side. You 
should be aged 22+ with 
accurate 50 wpm & WP 
exp. Shorthand usefuL A 
minimum of 2 years ex- 
perience is required. 
Please phone or write to 

40 South Motion Street 
London W1Y 1HB 
01-493 9993 

CHtUmOM MOHHIal 4 mmuI 
'»<■ arr looking lor j (op tlMM 
pnvKUl bnTfUry/AMUtinl 
KMIIV mld/Uile IWs. lor me Dt- 
twim of (he nuMr 
HUnttre n twl amhi tor In 
leraalNmally renowned 

CTuMiem Hrrelul. Orttral 
London The post nnmdeo an 
exrellenl bee lor drqwnnfl first 
fund knowledge ol Ihestralew 
punning ond imptMnm union of 
J» unconani Appeal and ihe 
p*fMHi appatnled will play a 
erwrial role as memuei of Uie 
small, htgnly protesuonal team 
Personal auunues diplomacv. 
loyally, wnllng skills, excellent 
memory. IM. accurate secre- 
larial sJulls and imu 
imponomlv enunaiasm and 
senv ol humour Slarting sala- 
ry lo £9 500 Urlle or 

telephone Managing Director. 1 II LWiCIIAI 



£11/12,000 NEG 

NawpositonmlhancxiBnd- . 
rig in Bank. Vaned dunes. 
Wfl Iran on WP S/ll not 
rwwswr Aqe 22-40 
ExceBenr Perks 

£7,500 NEG 

H Bank «A prtsh reception 
requres smart Mil presorted 
person, ml tran Good typng 
essential Age 20-25. 
Nonroi to* perils. 

TTHfTy M CgTKN H ST. Brkjhl 
young penon reamred Dy me 
Ousmg An ocu n wi lo loin . 
ftiruU friendly team al head - 1 
quarters in Si Katharine Dock. 
Inul office duties ptie a pleas- 
am helpful manner and 
arcurare typing essential FJexl 
MUty an advantage as the 
position offers variety of re- 
sponslbllitm. Salary £6.000 
eae. pIie a we e ks hotKUy & 
LV t Phone: Lindsay Nunn on 
Ol 4fll oeai for more details . 

ADVERTISING . we currently 
have a vacancy (or a vivacious 
secretary wild eMcettmf typing 
skins. lo assist a busy Account 
Executive. Me travels most of 
Uie lime, so you vviu have to 
work on your awn Initiative 
and moke your own decisions. 
Salary E9.SOO -v benefits. Tele- 
phone Janet Low for further 
details. Pamela Uckena Rer 
•Cbm 09171 06 ' 

KENSMOTON Publishers u> 
CO.OOO. A well known DublKTi- 
ing ho m e seeks a brlghl 
outgoing young secretary to 
their sales and marketing direc- 
tor Super offices. 3 weeks 
holiday and wp training given. 
SO wpm audio ability and rusty 

shorthand needed. Please tele- 
phone Ol 240 3511/5631 

rwesi End) or 01 840 5SG1 
iCHyi. Elizabeth Ham Recruit 
merit OonsutUnts. 

SEC with or without S/H- £9.200 
+ series- The Management Con- 
mnancy OivtsMn or an 
tnlematlona] Cuy CO seeks a 
bright * capable Sec /PA. The 
position Is caned « Interesting 
withm a friendly, busy atmo- 
sphere Applicants snouM be 
nun good 'O* level standard, 
nave an ouigomg personality 3 
good prrsemanon Training ph- 
ew on wp Call Lorraine 406 
6148 Kingston! Per, Com. 

/ cmojnc Kino 

EARNING £11,000 pa? 

An experienced swretgy with WP sWis vrttiun tfw Carofci a IQng 
ttmpony team can expect to earn n excess of the above wnee 
enjoyiDB a ranay of assignments vi art areas of LontiW- We also 
haw a great demand tor ewefient shorthand, audio and cow 
skSs. Phase telephone Brenda Steirart far an MMNdate 


L 01-4998070 J 




Small friendly office close to 
Warren Street tube station seeks 
Secretary for three days per week, 
flexible hours. Audio and copy 
typing. Electronic typewriter and 
word processor (training given). 

Ring Marie on 01-387 2838 

Secretarial & Word processm g Recruitment 

— " £11.000 
nmRNATIONAL/PA shorthand to 

ssaaffegw ” 

Samage. flnllort grospems. W+ OQ 580 

nxnea you lo QCt Iwy rtWWw 1 - -I—. W, Ki mop He mil 

pWCT oifJOTSe youroSn «»WBW ** tae 

ASrSw.’nU - 


good skffls requim to work for 
pKtmx of toiling (bin of char- 
tered accountants currently 
locsM adpEart u Bariaran Sta- 
tion an! soon relocating to 
Holbora. Wide may ol won n- 
ctudmg typing ennaspomtonefl 
(no accounts), arranging meet- 
ings. dealing with travel . 
arrangenwnB am) telephone 1 
rails. Wordprecessbig taking. 

excellent n^ry. 

For appomtmen! please tel Gwen 
Gngg 01-06 6441 


A macura secretary PA wtth 
shorthand and WP. emerence 
reqused for the MD. of a 
newly lomwl ctm gnrtttoil 
cunriany based n Suatfoul 
El 5. SaSsry nsgotabia. 

Please phone; 
Maxine on; 
01-629 0577 
tor an ap point — iL 



Reamed tor Arts BfuraMraf 
Chant y nmbyvio kHrtaiy 

Small busy nfttce. 

Won) pracessfen axl Kwd 
organ sahanal snBs needed. 
Write wfli CV to NADFAS, 39 
B»y SLLh— sanw OUL 


£12,000 NEG. 

PA to ExbMttoa Ca 

YauP need real PA/«tow/Sec 
exa n Ert— ons wxn a grapfws 
tut I* te top PAflSgM-iond 
IoOl Heal far 25 +- 

PA/SEC/A— to 
With Eanpeaa Langs 
Scantoovan or other Eunmtan 
Lanas, pb for MO of stnaH orateg 
MAingy - good irl some w + 
grouHi Adam at tin. We 20 s 
idea teg teeota or GOan at Ihe 

AAVeotera P—Ri Ltd 
63 South Motion St 
London W1Y IHH. 

Tab 01-499 8332 



and spoken French end Ital- 
ian to join tow operator 
specialising m skiing holi- 
days. Ability to translate, 
write, speak and type in 
both languages is essential. 
Salary according to 

CaroKmr Homan, 

Statin Ums Travel LH 
56/51 Putney Hjgb StraM, 
Lndae SSratSF. 

£9,000 SOwpn Typing 

Umim career opportn nd y to atsM the ffinaor of this succesM 
eaMmoq/conteienca team and became mwhred m a variety of m- 
searcfi products. This is an eustog pasdxm for a man person (rttii an 
nterest n orient aHan to prowle dledm and effoent atfanmsiralive 
-support. B you are wei presented, wdh a good telephone manner and 
an seekng an opp or tunity to gd «o d» Mrid of conference 
o gmsmo . 

Fk mejtonrt mei 7 M 29 C 7 > . 


V Ttocrwifnienf 

Tasteful Temping-. 

No hassles. No letdowns. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The \lbrk Shop . 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

■■■Mtai RecrnitiTHml Cnmuliant- 

national association of 


A small but busy office to pleasant situation overlooking 
Regents Park and convtenant to Baker St station. Ap* 
pAcants must have knowledge of stiortfrand and audio 
typing. Familailty with wort processing an advantage, 
must be wUBng to team. 3S hour week, with 4 weeks 
annual paid leave. Commencing salary £8.560. Free 
lunches arid car parking. For further information tele- 
phone the secretary (01-724 2441) or write to NAFPO. 
27 Sussex Place, Regents Park. London NW1 4RG. 



Doyutawin4B!Ne.rayw*Sa)ttteartNtf qntmtioywbmtta ; 
kn otoeogr or ospenonco of wofd orocRRMig 7 
Tlwn cow and m og ha Bmand w ti mn o- ef ea roa c/ con v Mng nan i 
ond fwto us btrtd it «. Sotery oognatHo as. Wmt «» CV to: 

i btrtd 4 up. Sotery oogafaNo m wm «n i 
Miss S Carta (01 455 2750) 
tnfl Computers Ltd. 

805 FtochJey Road, Gotdara Gram, 
London NW11 SOP 



Kitfghtsbridge. private 
General Practitioner. 
2635. Experience 
appreciated. Enthusaom. 
rffldoncy. initiative 

Rapiy to BOX 841. 

tOUfg UEAVEH/ Young Sec 
reurv £7^»C9XX» + Banin. 
We need a bright weu-nmenled 
young wrreury la MM ■ 
young ItHrmilMMl MarbeUne 
Vice Pmtdeal In a busy 
prmtwim ■ en v iron menr. 

There b caratani Nauan wnti 
New York. Europe e emeDeni 
canm prOHwctv A training- Su- 
per W Ena offices Please ring 
Casllrdau on 01 48S 4011. 

ratsoNMCLiN Aovomsewir 

you have some experience m * 
Personnel Department ana are 
lookmg for more imotvemerL 
Uns Wl Advertising agrticv are 
looking Tor a bright Scc/PA to 
umtenake a wide variety of 
duties. You will need a person- 
able nature, the obUKy to deal 
with people at all levels and 
goad secretarial sUUv £ 10.000 
+ pem. th e m e caM Andrea on 

„ Ol 7838 Banw« Media. 

POESOwwn. oppo w TUWiry au 

dlo secretary wtui good work 
record, sound administrative 
skids plus ihe ability to commu- 
nicate effectively with a wide 
variety of people sought by se- 
nior personnel executive of 
leading coramumcaUans co 
£ 10 . 000 . Ring 01-681 1264 
Wot ton Start Consultants. 

PA UUOO. u responsitiUlty. 
organ King and supervising ore 
second naturr to you. warning 
as PA tor ihb exceptionally nice 
Vturarfer' wHi suite you down 
to toe ground Thu ts a young 
growth industry with plrntv of 
opportumiies lor career devel- 
opment (or a PA with latent and 
flair Lively pmonamy and 
goodoit round sums required 
BONO ST 01 03? 1204. 

UUtllA WP an the move- Free 
wine, a etiat and meet The An 
gles ol Le Renoir- 79 Charring 
Cross Rd. (near Lelceslep So 
lube station] on Thursday Sepi 
1 8ui between & Sum For fur- 
ther oeiaih please rati Cherry 
Thurston on Ol 030 2531 

£•>000. A genulnety toned and 
bitoresUnq povilum has a 
rhythm within Uin presligtous 
Wl group tor an expenenred 
seneldt> aged 3040 who wish- 
es to become involved in all 
orem ol PR. advertising ana 
promotion. Cood shorthand and 
typing required momImt with 
organisational suite. Please 
reman Unda McLemt Ot 439 
■5064 FattMOM Personnel 

ntmCN 4*340. Croat oppertu- 
nily for brtghi Sec Keen to use 
French to lom successful odver 
Using co in SW3 S/H and 
tywn» Jaygar careers I Sioone 
SQ-I Ud Ol 730 6146 

lAMMDtMHTH. Lively aecre- 
lary wuh lyptng mo shorthand 
or audio! required tor rtverside 7tl9b 
uudw. You should have a flair CREATIVE instinct c£ 

for admin and organising and get out Of the nit and Into de- 

SSLD-12S.S5. company 
2, handles all khtos of conmerclal 

S5SI Tin wP/c qmptaer. A ge nrafecis- You woi handle meet- 
^S 3 Rj C rii X So B S5S ,lrt,e 01 •'***■ Whxhnurwrus. ad hoc 

Bond Si. oi 629 1204. research and aRMnds of llatoon. 

Mo Shorthand ■ Pot good typing 

eaten Dal. Age 21-2S. Pleage w 

cccptiomst/ nrrisT caooo oi -oog 123 a The work shop. 
Ba P* a to JSS PA/SW TO I4D £11X100- motor 

not tonal retail organisation, ir. 
a busy reception In new and 
very plush orticM. Previous ox 
penence. 0000 presentation and 
speech essential. 40 wpm typing 
ohlluy needed. Age open Please 
leieghnr Ol 240 3SI 1/3531 
i West Emu or Ol 240 3551 
CttyL Elizabeth Hunt Recruit 
menl Communis. 

months' work experience be- 
hind you? Looking tor a move 
Into Ihe brtghi lights and the ac- 
tion? look no further. Thw 
super WO lakes you Ms the 
MO's office ol one of (he UK'S 
rood successful and stylish PR 
agencies. Cood typing? Rusty 
shorthand? Looking lor £8K 
and bonus? 011 01-409 1232 
The Work Shop. 

TEL/KC /TYPIST. Early 20 r* 
well educated, noised to wet- 
come motors m Chairman's 

' rvcepUosi or pr omi n ent City Co. 
Some uivotvcmenl wtUv 
Dirt* tor's lunciMS. Ejosmeitcetl 
Monarch Cheetah, and visual. 

UK Dir seeks professional PA. 
Previous senior level experi- 
ence essential. Cood steins 
•90/601 reouesied. Benefits In- 
clude teuffet lunch daily: annual 
healOv screemno etc. For (ur- 
Uter driatts please wiephene Ol- 
493 5787 Ooroon Yales 

ConMittonls. • 

SWEET CHARITY C £9.000, Join 
UUs very worthwhile chartlaMe 
or pan Motion as PA to Uietr con- 
troller 'Lola of Involvement and 
piracy of admin. 100/80 skHte 
needed. Age 30 fiO. Please We 
phone 01 240 3011/3631 

(West End] or 0124 0 3051 i 
idlvj. Enzabcth Hum Recruu- 1 
mem Consuifams. 

epoon/ secretary reautred to 
handle tncomlng actors, calls, 
rarmpandcnce Me Outgoing 
personality and good short- 
hand/ lyptng reauested. Interest 
in the theatre an advantage. 
Age (ram » yn Please We 
Phone 01-493 0787 Ooroon 
Yales Consullanl* 

FLEET ST. SotlcHor with snuU 
varied praefire seeks bright 
competent secretary. Legal ex 
perlence desiraMe but not 
necessary. Salary £9/300 nego- 
tiable Tel: OI 3S3 3498- 

411,0*0 + mortgage subsidy. 
Early mto 20H? Rusty short 
hand useful as secretary to Ihe 
Manager + Personnel Asustant 
of a a tv bank. Call 377-0600 
tCKW or 439-7001 <WfM End) 
Secretaries Plus TheSecnetart- 
al Consultants. 

tCC /ADMIN Cl 0.000 it eg Re- 
sponslWe. mature. strong 
personality 30*- to organise 
team c4 ' putMbhecs. Lots of 
tnvoivTncni m ihe business. 
Nice (rtendly company. Please 
CPU Teresa 734 7823. 

Wl®* Experienced U-ttngual 
jeeretary wun fluent French 
Incl French SH urgently reg'd 
tor busy central Parte onvee 
Ctoon Salary Tel Ol 622 9636 
Sheila Burgess InbniMond 
Personnel ftournellor. 

lov looking oner two charming 
PenibUs and uieir patients. 
Good typing Jaygar Carrera 
fSloanc So) Ud. Ol 730 6140. 

■4Rt for small London office 
of ini Co. Lote-ol aaminntralnn 
duties, mutt be able to work on 
own uiiUattve. 24+ Cl O.OOO- 
C12JM0 Meredith Brail Re- 
cruitment ( The Language 
Specialists I Ol 636 1407 
■man- see p-a. c/Lrovrr 
SH/Audio skills. Super oppor- 
I unity b> pragma £7 7.900 ntus 
free London travel, bnnwdiaie 
appornimenl Call Maureen or 
Adrlanne at Cam ConstiUants 
Ol 491 3904 

I*! ARTS CO. Wl need C/L 
wnh secretarial skids peach 
wp» C 6 . 000 -*- interoiung and 
varied posluan. Career pros- 
fftA Can Adrlanne or 
Maureen al Cun Consultants 
Ol 491 3944 

MD of small Ini Co. N London. 
Low of reqxmsHunies. run of- 
fice In Oman absence. To 
»teOO Merrow Emn Agy t 
IK !i2| uw SfHCWtots i 01 

ceoumw to run small 
ofTKe for internaUonal Art 
_ C 3 ?" personality 
Secretarial A VAT skate. 
American working ex p erience 
and advantage Salary by nego- 
tiation. 839240l^ W ^^ 

"Sf®' S*® E12JI0O + Prom ■ 
shate For Chairman * a Dtra. 

hC^iS^-2?’*' **' hWl riV' 

lTS.*Jl l t2 l ^i 00,k,,,g ,or secumy 
ffSliS. 1 ®*' Mora * Loan lactlliv 
Uom* house Rec Cons 01-404 

disciplinary programme focussing initially on 
ihe development, impact and evaluation of new 
technologies ai ihe level of the firm. 

The appointment may be either on a full-time or 
half-time basis and will involve co-ordinating 
ihe overall programme: advising on ihe assess- 
ment of research bids and working on the 
development of subsequent proposals; monitor- 
; ing research in progress: and disseminating 
research findings. The Fellow will have a major 
part io play ensuring the involvement of indus- 
try in ihe individual research projects. The 
balance of ihe Fellow’s time (if full time) would 
be devoted io substantive research, including 

contributing to the development of framework 

for the stuay of new technology. Research assis- 
tance may be provided if justifiable. 

Applicants should be at Senior Lecturer or Pro- 
fessorial level or other equivalent status with a 
relevant research background and. preferably, 
significant industrial ex penence. Salary and con- 
ditions arc negotiable. The position is available 
from I November 1986. 

Further details are available from Sally Parkia- 
cna. ext 232 and Joan d AJton. ext 234. 

Mid SocW ResMn* C0Mrf. , M 
Great Portland Street London WIN 6BA, tel 
01-4537 1499. 

Thf eimiqt «tew far appliauba* it EfUaj- 10 Ortobrr 1986 . 


The college proposes, if candidates of sufficient merit 
present themselves, to elect io two or three Junior 
Research Fellowships and to two of three Senior 
Scholarships in 1987. These awards are open to both 
men and women. Candidates for Junior Research 
Fellowships must be under the age of 27. and candi- 
dates for Senior Scholarships must be under the age 
of 25. on I October 1987. 

Details of the awards and of the method of applying 
for them may be obtained from the Warden's 
Secretary. Merton College, Oxford. 0X1 4JD. 

Mnwvi EarfUNve Selmon. 
(OO Baker Sired. London 
V* 1 <31 935 6581 
ART DEALER 11901 6 20Ui Cm- 
lura nrmte and drawing?! 
regutix-i PA/Sec Near Bond 
Street Hard work buf very var- 
ied lob white! hair Itie lob M 
vrrrrljrlal toe work ateo in 
eludr-, reregfion. dbpiay and 
(raining, mailing ust. packing 

£10 600 neg. Fluent French, 
good German or vve vena? 
Then Win Itate top publishing 
Imarnwmurv to their man- 
aging director Opnomunly to 
iram to book fair 'A' level 
education and 100/55 ddita 
needed Please telephone Ol 
240 361 1/3531 (West Endi or 
Ol 240 3S51 iQlyi. Elizabeth 
Hunt Recndunenl ComunonH. 

SECRETARY I aho abllUy to organise The- ] EXA> You are sales on - 

a ires. cdnfermcM etc Very 
Mipporth e group c.C9^X» ♦ su- 
per irtnge bens. Joyce Outness 
Ol 589 0807/0010 1 RecOomL 
b>d mam 19 *. smtmw pa. 
no shorthand wci Group Of 
ronsutunh seek lad arrurato 
U-iang abUUy 10 run office. 


enured, maiurvand have some 
audio or shorthand vkinsnsK. 
rrlaiy to toe Mrang 
raanagenteni mam of a large 
Co CaH377-8600iaiyiord39. 
7001 iWnl EnU Secre lories 
Plus ' The Secretarial 


and drifuHrti. and eventually I DO YOU kMOVw OIL? ex perl race 

Infrmn involvement In diem 
hanon. evnitMUom al fairs al 
home and overseas. Appurante 
mini have some [eleven! art 
knfhv ledge, be Udy and non- 
ununn wtlh good typing. 

L\ per trace unto WP and moll 
mg LKI rompufer preferable 
Driving licence and some spo- 
ken F reran an advantage. 
Hours? JO 6 30. Siamng sab* 

wKMn osl Industry asrnuai for 
toe Govern Carden base of Ihte 
mlernaltonaf co Few demarca- 
tion lines everyone works as a 
leant. Your role 10 include 
afgamsaHofi of lunches, social 
evenli etc Cood typing, rusty 
shorthand reouesied Salary 
rC lOOOO plus benefits. Please 
rail 01-409 1232 The Work 

rorrrvpon dance, fe tnphotias and 
elteni contort. Resnoitsibto lob 
tor setf-motnaird person, 
f M.000 e £230 pa LVs. 6 
wwks hot;' Joyce (Mnai Ol 
589 8807/0010 rRec CoSMJ. 

PR Ki Kntgtatsbrtsige seek a young 
Secretory for Accoanl Evmu- 

UMnbtwflls, I CERMAN SPEAKING secretary 

With 90s- English shorthand 
and a love of admin and vari- 
ety. for investment Dent of 
small City bank. £ 10.000 + 

mortgage subsidy Coll 377- 
8600 iCXyl or 439-7001 fWevI 
End) Secretaries Plus Ttve Sec- 
retarial Consuitanis.- 

n C7.SOO plus lunch allowance I FWAMCtAX. PR. CIO.OOO. Grad 


Junior Research Fellowships 

The Governing Body proposes to eteet two Junor Hasaarcfi 
Follows m thesdeftcas and two in the Ana. ttw pons fenatM 
from 1 OctoMr 1987, if suitable canddatus present 

A Juraor RosMrtri Fefcjw must be wa> qtaAtadto engage in 
original research and must unoartaka to partem soma defi- 
nite Merary or soenufie woflt The Faflowshqw are open to 
men and women. 

Futef particulars and ar apptoton farm stxxid be obtained 
by wrong to: 

The Dean's Secretary, 

Christ Church, 

Oxford, 0X1 1DP. 

Appkcafons must reach the Dean by 31 October 1986. 

ScnwSc&oiarstrps will be atfiwtaad separately in February 

and ircr Mrdtrai insurancr 
Ping Oi 736 2477 briorr nud 
doj- or alter. 6 00 p III 
HORTCACAE. IntomauofMl 
Mrrrtiom Bank nmh srcrrfarv 
with rangv and mlliuNHm for 
miponding markrung depart- 
mrnt Work in part of a small 
li-am. iiafelng with dlente. 
cHTumvma and attending mart 

uatr or A-tevrt sacraary wito 
financial nawnwre for tutor 
csting Cuy Pft ommott. 

Tahaovrav Avfgm and adv te- 
al MO and Chairman Nipt of 
public compemra mail ring in- 
irtUgmi Mipport and wfCrtfera 
ctKTW and totepteonr maiutor 
Agr 23-30. Shiite. 100/60. TTw 
Rrmalmnil Company Tot 01 
031 1220. 

imp as welt M tmoaUnq I IIAMMEHtSIIIITH OESIGKS lo 

ronuri-, within Ihe City 
kivowIHgr of SpanMi iBMul. 
Aw ao- suite. 100/00 Ttw 
Rk ruitmmi Gontpaiu Tel- Ol 
031 1220 

FREE TRAVEL. Thh Hamper 
IBM loh av vrcTetory to ■ diree 
■Of of Ihrv lop Wl firm Of 
trnmof draignera. Excellent op 
portunlly to train m all office 

C9.OO0. world tomous arcra 
ferte eased la magndkenl 
offices wuh views over me rte- 
cr seek a proieci serretory lo 
lain Uienv. tO"" admlntetrattee. 
retaxed informal auiwaberp 
SO wpm tvpmg needed. WP 
iraiiun99»en PMde telephone 
Ol 240 351 1/3531 (West End! 
OC 01 2403651 •cuy I. DBdbrth 
Hunt Recrvutmenl Censuitanls. 

vyuefiis including toe uw of toe I PUBLISH INC we are looking for 

toteU WP Frrr tares lo work. 
80/SO skills needed. 
imnne Ol 240 3511/3531 

item End i or Ol 240 3661 
•CUvv EJt/ohrth Hunr Recruu 
men! Cfuteultante 
JUNIOR SEC witnoui shorthand 
Cb.500 * irw client Bonus A 
perta A NUperbOiy Based rom- H-hilh a friendly 
alnittepheir te took ing lor a ma 

a Produrtton Aaslslanl wuh 
aluKthand/lypmg status (up to 
hair work toad i for special »i 
punUsiung house. London NWi 
wide ranging general admtnlo- 
irabv p dune* SUrtlnq C7.000 
CrjSOOpa Write wtth c-v .Id 
M anaging Dtrertor. Massey* 
Exerulive Sefection. 100 Baker 
Sfrorf. London Wl Ol «3S 

_ ^tcuralr typing. PARTTIME Secretary CB.000 for 

2JS y ri!IlS , E?2 U “S 41 ®' a<Jaw w «te. To help run friend - 

' Jl, and lei ex. »Vew ly oUKe off Kcnangton High 

SJKT- S"*" Wide vflrvefy o t wort. 

itateMi. meefj nqv nr. £ 8.000 front property devetonavenl so 
neg + 000 amn allowance. animate. Opportunity to train 
LV v Xmas bonus. Joyce on WP Cood leleahona manner 
Gwnras 01 389 0807/0010 etketHlal. Call G Taunton on Ol 
iRec Const 9sr 

secretary 25-40tsn. 

Cl 3 000 Join Ihb W1 property 9 as 1 13pm f3 days; needed tty 

rompany a- •torretory to a >e- Brtgravia Property Excc Expe- 

ntor mecuUve Musi be nerved person with good 

prepared to wort 3om lo 1030 sbortband/tynng 90/50. 

Y!W2E y . SI!!? wge * 1 * 3 *-R 2 * r organning atwity able to deal 

110/80 skills needed Please with prospective cl ferns. 

** 36H/3331 r.c&ooo pa. Joyce Ctaness Ot 

0* 240 MBl 589 8007/0010 fRec Oonst. 

R * en “ - PERS OI KRa. . £10.000. Busy 

K>b with tots of admin os aeav- 

Cl t-000 tarv lb the Personnel Controller 
vtR\ NEG- To tofri tne dynam- of a manr Co In wesmtlnsier 
k managing director of mis Age; 20S. shorthand * WP 
very surcessfiil SW1 oil trading needed Can 577-8600 iCHyi Or 
company Hours 9am to 6pm. 439 7001 item Endl Secreur 
Superb offices. 100/70 suite m Phis The Secretarial 
needed - Age 23* Plrae tele- CoasuiunCk. 

End! — O raWOWIET Mnsh weft edu- 

is rated. presented and 

'““'■sSSSS** Hun ‘ rieeruu- enertefteM. will (md Uds 

... upmarkei Mayfotr Estate Agmv 

BAIIa wtaTA lo C 10.000 AAE. «y oflke a very In terra tog 

**nv romiriuto when you can variety of dudes, friendly coi- 

teork- MCtalty Join this firm of leagues ana oteiuy of challenge 

market rmami comuliams m C9jO00 N. Joyce CUInem Ol 

secretary /PA to Uwir Chair- B89 8807/0010 (dec Coral 

pw offered to an experienced 
secretary wun Rank Xerox 

■ 860 Long term Cuy a ss i gn- 
nwnts. Start 22.906. Please 
telephone Brenda Stewart al 
Caroline King Amts. 01-499 

TARIES wtui Wang wp lofui a 
number of Immedtaie vacancies 
In records, music and PH. 
Please telephone Fiona or Susie 
an 01-240 3561. EHrabeUl 
Hint RecnHDnent Consultant*. 

moil intemlng hookings » 
Town! Arrtmcm and Desum- 
PCs.' Advertising and P R_ 
Curretu Aft airs and OiartUee 
ail ihe bev m weiknakd wtnpmo. 
Covcnl Carden Bureau no 
Ftert SL- EC4 363 7696 

UHC TOM Ser/sh wim demlay 
rile 3 sougm bv exerullve of in 
■enwnonal ro Wl Anorak la 
months Ton rale pouf tome 

week plus holiday botnn. Ring 
01681 1234 WeUon Stall 


HAWFV NEW YEAR - Malenvily 
cover until January 87 For a 
temporary seenrurv wno 
. l rti^ET Irtty an * 1 variefv 
“ Miarv. tor a 
J22IL Ilr m in 

raJIT E. *39-7001 Secro 

SSdSSl ^ *”««*** 

*«*• •■OW WT If you 
|«vc Wang or Wordstar- oM|n 
taxicn. we ran guarantor you 

gi^OI-409 1242 The Work 

nlan . . A9 1 2? * .yv.60 stallte MEMA PA rf.H.toO Qfy Medta 

needed Please teiepbone OI 
240 -3611/3531 (West Endl or 
01 240 3581 iCllyL Elcubem 
Hum RerruHmnM Comulunta. 

line A ronlidenl roltegr- leaver I SECRETAIRES fa 

or 2nd to teier Some Audio is 
injuircd ♦ good copy typing a a 
Miuu-iedv ot word prcccvung 

Designers Permanent A irmpo- 
rurv posmons. AMSA Soectalnl 
Bor Com 01 734 0632 

co need confident Sti/ti scr 
riiO/301 to work al senior lev 
el Lots of fimi contaci and 
lfi\OlviHrnt Sound, cducaflon 
and good nresen tattoo ramtot 
Can Alarv Craves a Assoc free 
rt«W o3? 6277 








This r, an ewlliff WPQriunlhf I AUTHOR CHELSEA REC. tjecre- 

ki mu ■) verv well known com 
pauv Coll Margaret 831 7366 
KiiNstend Per* Cans 

l.irv Baur German audio 
t7.000 Reply io Bon J3B 

WELL spoken Secretary /PA for i nfl 90Od preseniatton epvcniul 
two partners of vmjU Mayfair Can Alary Grave s A Assoc free 
Chartered Surveyors 0 Estate COfiSi *>S7 6277 
Agents Non Smoker Hours J 
uian bv ar iar w rate iHs 

CB OOO CS.O00 Tel 01-199 OERMAH /DMUSH PA. Sow 

Call: 01-2420785 

f (3risaphofts after 
office hours) 


VAl ice leim. <o EC3 .IBM 
wp exp 4- gd organiser Wood 
house Rer Cam 01-404 4046 

"iih qd skULs. 100/60 £ e«< let 
manner for Interesting. Busy po 
Muon 046-9743 Link Aunts 


£1X000 - Srmtr ormrv- -SOIL 
foi Uie Deputy AID Of a large 
Crtv Re insurance Co. OH 377 
8600 iCllvi or 439-7001 'West 
Ena» ven-tarim Plus Tor Sac 
rnbnAl rnmnihsfii« 

EngHMi SH. 264- CliOOO. 
Cin language Sun ap *K 

PA URGENTLY rtqutrM wtlh 
good Mulls for busy interior de 
Mqn rontoany in SWlo 
Telephone 0635 4606! 

r P&*mn&App 0 intments((| 

95 AidwyA. London WC2B4IF I 


Uih'^. Nl ' 


1 1 u* ugissgsffigi avia 3 a * ^ i 

All classified adventperoenta 
cao be *wp*d by telephone 
Icvrcpt AffJKHHKCRKnui The 
dhfldltM is S4)0pm 2 dsys prior 
10 puMiatian (ir 5, 00pm Mon- 
day lor WtdiKxky). Should 
you wish to send an aduenoe- 
mem in "riling please include 
your daytime phone number 
WM*Hr. ir you hive any 
ttuerics or prebtems itfMin* to 
jw adwiitement once hbu 
appeared, pica* contact our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on B1-401 4100. 


ANTIC CwrauMran 1 Groan ore 
*»P "**" polar ntdnvw 
Utoeouv nomm pmpnroni 
ollire/Hore ware or House any 
rnidlim London area for ^ 
year would Hero Knuiwn 
hihOO nway Trl: 01449 


bum 1907. son of Jonn En 
rtander and Lauha Johnson. 
Please ronton your daughter. 
Plans Englander Spcncrr. 
3710 DMrcm Aienue. CMuroom 
wifhh. Mirmowi da i 2 s or 
Tel i3I5» BOS 8910 

POR A REGULAR oan-imw 
Home amniny sen. Kr by reft 
Nh daily nelps central «r>u 
don't delay another day phone 
Ando Couunenul iEMp ACY i 
on 01 730 8122 now (24 HRS) 
CAPITAL CV» prepare high quail 
tv rurrtouium \llae% 01407 

CAMPRE CVT Ud proinrional 
curriculum iliac dorummts 
Details. 01-651 3388 
rugs reoalted. Personal 6er\Ke 
CaH amlHnr Ot 309 9978 
HEART to HEART- Todays way 
of meeting. Cbnftecoual intro 
durlKMK Ihrougnoul UK for 
rnemMHO and Marriage Heart 
to Heart. 32 London ftd. TwKk 
enhont. Middx Ol 893 3001 
ohtfi language A liter afore 
luHion to bH knots by expert 
weed graduate 01 743. 8886 
nUEMKMP, Love or Minuy 
All ages, areas. Dateline. Drpt 
iQtoi 23 Abingdon Road. Lon 
don W8 Tel: 01 938 lOll 
BREAKAWAY. London's nub tor 
professional unaltairtied people 
? 5-43. Os rr 300 events monih 
1y 24 hr InlO tape. 997 7994 


CONVEY AMCNtri bv laity auall 
(ted SoUrlkm. Cl 80 * VAT and 
standard ditburscmeflls ring 
0244 319398 

Lb lawyer 17 Buturode SL 
London Wl Ol 486 0813 


STUMCONr Signed limned edl 
lion prints 'Treading The 
Crapes' £200 ono Tel 01 <688 

8774 inrsl 

*9* B ®E NCrVUBED E3 

■ rtillin rPBhra Inrmiure by 
l“>esi train 
men isetiMied. near Henley on 
Thames <0491 1 641 1 la 

utHiiiv wool rarpeti Al 
liMr mvis and under. also 
avaHa hin IOC «. mdra Large 
^m^ -H ^ren mants under hall 

SCATYMtOEKS. Best tkferb for 

Si.”"’!?: ° ur , “ WM » 

fgff «5E SwiiTSw 


for Prrsrnuuon au 

" Wft 01^88 


“fJSU, Exp. Chess, Lrs Mb 
All mealre and sports. 

Trl. 821 6616/828-0C9S. 

_ * Ex / 'ba / Diners. 
«*NTHOAY DUE T dvr someoev- 
T,nw » 

***h Zoom t 

«»CES 01278 6127 
CATS, CHESS. Lev MW. AH the 
are and sport. Tel 439 1765 
AU rreoil rib. 

elHDCES/ FREEZERS. Cookers. 
Hr Can you buy Cheaper? Q a 
S Ud Ol 229 1907/8466. 
tool, as new. Sue 8 - 10 . *3.950 
Trt 554 K? M or 501 XMa 
dmf-w-dyv UoiAditioii dp TpI 
061 223 





WANTED. Boeknwv. laWes. 
rhairv. desks. mirrors. rtima A 
sUter etc AU antique A pro 
1940 lumilure A complete con 
tents a hewn bought. Ol 228 
2716/58$ 0148 anytime 

RAFFLES class* collection cards 
Exchange duottcaics. Reply to 


house HwnifMr wwtfng ■ 

book? Meanwhile live In charm- 
ing period collage Oil CH. all 
amrmites. Weeps 4. London 1 
hour Free Oct. Cast Meon 393. 

Kensington Oof T. V. 24 hr Sw 
Telex CoHMgham Apartments- 
Ol 373 6306. 


renlral London Irotn A32£ pw. 
Ring Tours HP Apia 373 3433 


Tran tor 0* FAN.Y Wtritaf 
ComnwiKibons Nam to Into n me 
cwm ol 3 napi dsaswmBB Dry 
ol London m prwtffl P1WQW 
sugoon m Aimy Conmaveanons 
Centres SWI wRl»a sbo»« COUWJO 
Hjdo TMepftone toitTwd «W 
Ad Maoft^jJwtwd Com 
tnt and steo raff *» 
vorts HsadaianHS. Oeb*E Fto- 
cra Inouets *»*»>*" 


Uli trr to ItUMtof. 




Together we can beat it 

Ur hind uvlt one ihwd *d 

itl ii’Vt'jfi li him ihr prc«n 
n< >n and Hire "Ujikm in 
■hr UK 


nun nr nukeJ legacy in 





2 1 II ■■ e H' ‘•l*' , 1* I U" V 

ilk |'i n isfB I SLL it !\h 



BOXER pupptes Cor sate. tneceOwi 
pedigree. Kennel Club rrgrs 
lered. Tot 0796 872345. 
cavalier King Charles spamets. 
KC- reg. name intm. G ptai 
gree. Windsor 868469 

Ule Very ailentonaie. Pet and 
Show TeL'341-9707 m«U 


CLAPHAM tWll Large eomf an 
■Mr US ln«uirLCH well estup 
l~- Pud male C226 prm me 
Ol 223 9i6o alter &30 pp 

FLATMATES sdnme bnarats 
kril >06 mlradurterv service 
Ptve IH Ipi aoPL Ol 689 Ml. 
313 Biomplon Road. SWS 

NWS. J 26+ ShateeiHMM «al 
166 p«i week Iprlualve 
bnon/tona let Tft 01-435 
2006 iWi or Ol 328 8296 OO 

dvnf S bed (BL own latpr 
mom ClBO prra tnCL Tet 01 

740 834& Cvewngo 

SWIM N rung prof F. O/R. CH 10 
<ai orbghuul hsr irotn Oct. CSS 
pw rvt RutgOl 947 2164 af 
In T;n 

SW11 Prof m/f. n/v 23+. to 
•Jure garden flat O/R. Close 
transport C+O pw Exrt Tet Ol 
236 7408 'O’ . 

SWI 2 Pro/ ra/r o/r. tounor dr- 
dWKp Use. every irflnemenL 
rtose nine and BH £4$ pw me 

675 StO 

TDI NHHS CITY Prof Wl. enerm 
dbie u»m m vert elegant hoe 
C.unbcrwrU AO Wwm/Mr 
COS Wk nrl 701 8190 teveoi. 
M/F N/5. 26+ O/R. Mab lb. 
CAO P M exrt Trl: 01-606 
7080 V40B4 am. 

HALHAM Prof F 10 Share lor well 
l urn nn t nr Tour. Cl JO pent 
mil 675 4373 alter 630pm 
BATTERSEA. PTOf F 552-25. N/& 
lo dw lux Oat pr partt-O/R. 
GCH C60PM.A22 3706. 
BEBSrr SWS Oval Stxlion 3 

nuns Prof female Pnrktae £40 
ptv inn Teh 01-73&-7857 
duir house an mod coca. Cl 26 
pan Tel: Ol 305 1139 Eves. 
BLACKMKATM gin ig share lux 
Move en private En O/R. 

L56-OW exrt. Trl 01-318 9624 
DULWICH 2 prof persons to share 
now with same. Only CS pw 
Ol 663 1776 

MLNSGTOM, rkw Uty. Lor room, 
outi bathroom. Prof N/fi. Mon- 
ro CJS Inc 226 2466. 
PUTNEY FrntW O/R In comfort- 
aide fial close to HR and Kibe. 
C46 pw met. TCL 789 7938. 
RKtMDND F. O/R. share house. 
fv/S 060 pent exrt. lube 6 
mint 7(4 01-940 0311 eve*. 
SW X7 Prof M/F to share cond 
CH dal O/R- CISOpcm ExcL 
Trt 767 0937 eve*. Avail, now 
SWR Prof M. 25+ loslurrouM 
Oat Own furn. rm. 3 mins tube. 
CtSOprm eorL KU> 720 2846 
SW17 oral m/f n/» to share large 
rh i tat o/r lO mins from time 
C36 pw exr OI-76T 6426 eves 
W14 Younq prof. M/F to share 
lax flat O/R. W. £200 pem 
l-irt Tei Cvcs 01-381-2549 
Wl. Nr Hartey 9. Lge room tot 
lux nulv Sud mature prof man. 
LOOQlft CSfipwhiCL 9056824. 

W2 prof : female to *hare large 
Hat. o/r G65 pw. Near Hyde 
Part, and tube Tel 01 243 1785 
+ C60 p w UtCI. 01-937 2190. 



Sydney £415 £755 

AucMMd £415 £745 

Jo-Burg £306 £499 

Bangkdc £209 £355 

TtoAvm £105 £195 

New Yorif £139 £285 

Los Angelas £216 £345 

01-370 6237 


Pm 09 N YORK £275 

Ffankfon CCO LA/SF 5385 
Lagos E3 »-mwki 5320 
Mood Q2S SmtMoim r-gp 
J0DF9 HM Bar^a* £338 
Caro 5205 tonardu WO 

Dei/Bom £336 Ran g oon E 3S0 

Hang Knrg ESIO CW p iB C«2b 

Pteeee ceO 
21 SweRM SL Loadaa Wl 
Ql^M 2KJ0/C7 0377 


San) etfmct md oudanca no 
reduano long inui bnei costs. 

Tst 6 c5* c&ss W727 4355B. 
XNS » Canada. IB4 Sjrao 
esBFK. 03777 435S0 
<UB NZ6 toE«RC. 

03777 tZHR 

GonmeroN Accanc taentot 


437X72162 Member af Be 
todltoto N Trawl i TaRilaL 


WanfiNorOi to* Brift* W«un 

80 % wool 2» nylon. Vbrt 

Heavy war gracto. 12ft etoe. 
12 ptam atom from stock. 

£1335 par SQ yd + VAT 


207 Hweistodi M 
HMptoead. Umtos NW. 
Tek 01-794 0139 

Free Eii Mi n a tri Fqi a rt RMag 


Natrobt. Jo'Burg. Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore. K-L. Ddhi 


MALAGA. C A NABtP . Ol 441 

1111 Travis wise MU. AW 

Wl 01 734 5307 ABTA/AUX 

cowcu rma on inabm^mu 

IB Europe, lsa A most deMmx 
Inns Dtpiomat Trover Ot 730 



CAM a C AN /Jamaica. La* 

t lUouaots with pooh. Avan on 
mrti winter 01 409 2838. 



■UNONCA define vtoa & acart 
nr ropfL avail Oct- April. Otar 
ler n advrp 03403 7193. 



KC. Lowest (Arc* fr C89 
BiggM 736 8191 AMU 1893. 


PDtSOHNCLT You havy at MO 
2 years par s onnet roanaormeni 
experirnrr wdh Ihe emphasis 
on Mcnutmeni Dim a ooumr 
oecsoMitiy. As a ronsullani 
piapng permauent gecre t anes. 
your hard work and expertise 
wiu gam you tch uMiactlen 
Pius earrenos of £15000+. 
Call Lyn Cacti of Secretarte* 
PtU* on 457-7001. 

ITtr— - company secretarui 
e xpe nc oc e r Aarfatant with rele- 
vart bAcKgrotutd for speetaM 
prartice in Regml St. Some 
training oOcred CoU 577 8600 
(CUy) or 459-7001 rwegt Eodl 
Srervtatt m Plus ■ The Socman- 

CLERK to wont in Properly Man- 
agmmu department. Lots of 
phone work with drtaded cicet 
cal dime*. AW 22/30 Non. 
wieur. £4000 + bens. Can 
Mrtaime nr Maureen Cam 
Conautum* Ol 491 5944 

CXMOUKNCED Ncoouamr ur- 

gently required lor busy 
Holland park Estate Agents 
Mvm be car owner. Reliable. 
Good Denaoaiuy. TcL Ol 221 
8921 ■ 



Bc«7 Travel. Trt 01 380 6414 

Haj markrt 01-950 1366. 

ter Travel. Ol 48B 9257 LATA. 



eanx islands • heauwui vn- 
la* and apartments close lo 
Olorleus beocltes. Free 
windsurfing on Crete Sept/Oa 
avail. Tet. Horsham (Ooo3) 
59788. I Has tetaitd Kottdayi 
CORFU VB1AL We shit haw 
avatUOURy 21 3 . 8 SeoLS Oct for 
1/2 wits. BeanUful villas nr me 
Beach ex Catwirk. Ran wona 
Holidays. Ol 734 2562 
BRtTTY . L'nsooin istanda- cheao 
Ihghis. ima rentals He. Zeus 

Hdv 01 454 1647. AKI. AMO. 
■TUIOOCF nor apart hois from 
£189 so 172024^7 Scot 
Strama 0706862814- 




The finest houses lor rentaL 75 
St James SL SWi. 01 *9j 

ALGARVE. Viltts with POOR. 
Most Sept/Oct. dates. The VtUa 
Agency. 01 824 8474.- 
ALGARVE. Lux vllkas/apR Wttn 
POOK Sepl 6 Oct. Ih ni winter. 
01 409 283a VIDaWortd. 

The 232nd Ann una! General 
Meeting will or hrtd al the 
Society's House- John Adam 
Street. London WC2N 6EZ at 6 
pm on Wednesday 24in Septrm- 
ner 1986 

(By Order or the Council) 




Ski Mfidays af Budget Prices. 
Too Dm Travel. 155. East* 
Court Rood. SWS. Tel. Ol 373 

SKI WMZZ. Exctang colour bro- 
rtture Out Howl Chalet Prices fr 
£1 5V. Ol 370 0999. 

nights Fatdor 01-471 00*7 
ATOL 1640. AcCem/Vba. 

SYD/MCL £635 Perth £866. Ad 
maior rarrters to Aua/NZ. Ot 
084 7571 A8TA. 

L AFRICA From £465. 01-584 
7371 AST A. 

scale rUo 
JoTmqfl* oS ijeo 

Cwo £150 £230 

Lagos £2« Z360 

Sfaw ran ffio 

a* ngw* E2ZD £S0 

Dooll £420 

Also AaJad Tlnai Ud 

news r&ar 

late 5 Qroup Bcohogs N efa w 

MCk VM (NKflS 


— ICNBB— C Auiumo Break 
avail. P er i od character coi- 
lagra. meal entire lowing. Slot 
4-6. Trt C242 602 124/60* 130 


HARM TO SAR- Thb Scpfember 
with ihe Keol Sauing School 
B erths available aboard 

Ramagale Ba«d Luraay 

Yarhb 6 Day Courses 'H-V-A 
approved) lo France A Brtrtum 
All innuslvP Price £1654)0. 
Far Brochure Trt 08*3 5B4477 


Of*. Corfu. Rhode*. Kaa. Snahr 
%cdr Wads. Ibt Nbnm. Mama 
M 2Mt 

iqgn9l77M Sept DM £219 
&Z72&293} Sept £179 £199 
October Heps pnc. 
tfUy £169 £1BB 

Vila, apt sid smal tad tofirfR* 
Mtb It^htsfrom Gawicfc LUOQ 
n> M*mJ*s»ef (sDbj to sms wd 
Jwfl). Also Nov dew avii. 
Bnxfuws (24te3) team 
TiJupbaM/Dwto art bootoogs 
- only Ana bom. 


rales. The Oueem Hotel. NIO. 
Telephone: Ol 883 *38*. 




ior London based Manag- 
ing Director and famly. 
Ftodble hows, prepared 
to work weakanda. age 

Apply with C.V. 
and rsfewnces 
to: BOX B37. 

lining energeGc person be 
(ween 17-21 . For general office 
(Julies. Cood pro ip ec t s lor ham 
worker i training given). Phone 
Mr Bourn on 01-444 1981. 


Lana tardy homo. 5 beds. Z 
bjtfis. bfwniWi Mince, conve- 
ner* lo d amenbes. hd gcti. 
smaB gmtoi, quifity espets aid 
oiibb^ aasundmff taliv it 


TEL 91-445 

BIOCREST limited 
pursuant lo Section SB8 of the 
Communes Act 1985 mat a 
MEETING of We OnUcon of 
morrrsi u ml led- wtfl be hrtd m 
Che others Of LEONARD CLfTTIS 
on Thursday Ihe 18lh day Of Sep- 
tember 1986 al 13 00 or nock 
noon, for the purport provided 
tor in Section 589 and 890 
DATED THE 4Ut day of Septem- 
ber 1986 

C D Laughton 


Save with Swissair’s 
Super Apex. 
London toZurichor 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basie 
(except Sundays). 
Book andpayl4days 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
al least until the 
Sunday after arrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


W HIP awd and prwenUMe 
HM «ioff tor MOV Chdwa 
(hop. Trt: Ol 382 *626 

JOBS M THE AIRS lExno A ayl 
Bon and fllfl* 18+ wtoi Ger- 
man i-A- ieveo needed for 
dbcipitned M» in good hoirti in 
famoua Alpfnr resorts- Dec Apr 

E36c pm- ne t. w i»_ tn* ST. ALBANS. Jum rrturbtohm lo 

P^J- BOX 38a London sww room, lounge, dining room. 
8LX kitchen- 76 » »ou«h facing far 

we're hack ai school today 
WeTe bound lo get an *A' 
■Cos Martoon* save the day 
With prices A - oJc 
(Some only £i6pm to hire 
or cpUon to purchasej 

M-^asi A . NOS 

□1 933 8682 

ArttllrrvP1.SE 18 
Ol 85* 4817 

cducationaL Bderatarr. Inirmi- 
ing work, wtut opportonWy of 
ineeting from an aver me 
world. AbPly oi wrttlim 10 
Foytes- 1J9 Chart do Craw 
Rood, wcz 

pncipal of Inirmaoonal Nanny 
Agency m Kotgrosbridge. *fled 
26t-.rtdl None or Nanny. Baric 
(alary + ewe il enf corornitMon 
Oi MO S084 i my homeu Ot 
584 7266 tofQce UR for 
memories only 

Fovm MmoiB bookshop to peo- 
ple with a few months lo asm. 
intenMKvg work with a chance 
to buy your books and records 
at a generous discount. Apply in 
willing to Fayles. 119 Charing 
Cross Road. WC2. 

quired Fhrdcuan: Martlndaie 
Stowrtl on 01-435 9210. 

DRIVER KQUMD lor ealermg 
rodrtJvenee-lull ume. SuR ear- 
ly SOY stodeoL Tet 406 2224. 

•sat it rnminnc’ 

and choose b»n hu ndreds ol 

u 0 nfti trO pans rn 

satoor hn hum only E16 pm. 


WaSS 1 



advertisement in 

the TIMES 

TEL: 01-481 1920 
FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
TEL: 01-481 4000 


01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 


Mora km-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

Fast, expert, high-tech 
service Freg worldwide 
hotel & car hb» pass 
• up to 60 % discounts 
Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map 1 Book Shop 



Srheduled n» from HYow. 
Ring Pan World HoUdays Open 
SM Ol 754 £662 


we nd now a Im Maw rtflti 
sttoaM on CorftL Paxos. CtBl 
TIr Mmna UN Bmng 
SeBUMWerScto^rt. Couplet em 
rttoyBwWWd - lto*s «4« Wflw 

II you noway o oponpa to vbu. 

Kk M apwtofeH ior mawOM 
emroon and xW» Pnra _ 
rauoes mart Caovn *y Sfcflrt. 


YOUR voice cooM be your toe 
lime Sen advertising by 
Ktrpnone In eauwahed neuon- 
al oualRv pubricauons. 
Earninw depend ga rftons. 
Based m onr London Dfnce. 1m- 
mediW suti Cau ' Mike 
Turnbull on 01-624 7211 


KCtmonsr. shchbm ius 

•flame m Comulunts reoutre a 
WWf rapawe recepuoom 
i284i no D-ping. ns a buxy re- 
cepuoo with a Monarch 
switchboard iwui eras* train) to 
a smart app e ar an ce and exert- 
kM letcohenc manner an 
essential £&Q00. Bernadeoe of 
Bond SL 01 029 1204. 

The Companies Act. 1986 
by Order oi Ihe HHh Court of Jus- 
bee dated 27 ih day of June 1986 
I. Raymond Hocking p i Messrs 
Stay Hayward. 8 Baker Sired. 
London W1M 1DH. AMY been ap- 
pouttrd UCX-IDATOR of the 
above-named Company Auoews 
and (Win snow be senl to me. 
Dated IMS 6th day of September 

! '’ ,j4 R HOCKING 




High Quality flats 
& houses for 
Anytime. (T). 


moons or 2nd Honeymoons 
Dhrover me Magic of Italy* ro- 
mania ours u> AdvAa or 
Smlr, Call Ol 749 7*49 tor 
i«ui FRIX rotoin brochure 
Maw of Hah Dear T 47 snap- 
hrtih. Bum Grren LMidon 
lair BPS 

TAME TUB OFF to Ports. Am- 
•In-dam. Bnnatflv Bcugri. 
Geneva. Brnve, lausaone. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. 8ou- 
toqnr « Dirppc Tme Oft 2K 
Cnrvlei Oow Looaoo 5W1X 
7BO 01 256 8030 

brarti villas a apts with pnv 
POOK OI KM 7776 PtPV* UMl 
dan am) 2136 

owred lo work m new edice of 
evuunhrd rentals and ales 
agency Experience pnfHTM. 
Sell reotivaM. wea 
pnfie m edJiana .worker, car 
ownerea. Phone 01-328 7155 

BECCmotOST for small Wl 
PitoW Relauum Ooroultanra 
Some swnrnboanf eapmeper 
rnireanry l o gePr r wttn lively 
personality and accurate typ- 
ing. £8.000. Please call Andrea 
on Ol 629 7838 Samcii Media 

You rntoy geutng to grim wfib 
Word Procrmara and have 
probably imuiled systems and 
ramed am crank ng. You uicr 
Uw- -bidx- oi a oeaung room 
environment coupled wtm of 
feting the ben posriMe service 
■oclteots and apoheanh alike. IT 

you PTC 2336, win* Hie poten- 

lU to market an exceuem 
HTviro. as a consultant to 
WerdPtua then call urn OQl 
on 4394344 C10MH-+ 



Well furn mansion flat. 2 
Dble Beds. Recep. K&B. 

Co let £200pw. 
Britton Poole & Burns 
722 1166 


"Bui Weaward look, the land is bright "U 
Conanerml Pro p erty - W.l. From £20,000 
Min. 3 yts P/Ad.Exp - currently billing at least 
£22,000. Real opportunity to grow. 

“ There u always room at the top'’!! 
C ommercia l P ro pe r ty - City to £25,000 aae 
Several vacancies, min 2 yrs exp through to 
Senior Asasoms. 

“ jot men that sow to reap.” 

Agricultural land c on v e y an cing - City to £12,000 
Legal Executive, min 3yzs expe rie nce. 5% Mongage 
+ good padtage. 

“ Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife." 
Vacancies outride London: Litigation 
(including criminal) etc. 

Phone Peter Mantell 01-236 1661 
Temple Associates, 

37 Ludgate .Hill, London EG4M 7JN 


KDMSY 5 JAMES COnUrJ ljv rxwv 
on Ol ;» fwe>i for nr bcM w 
lection ol lufiMM llatv 4nd 
houses n rrni m KnaniiWW- 
Chrisra and KmungMn 1 T 1 

value 1.2 a 3 bedim luxury 
iuk Avail lor unmeouk- rcnl 
al CaH Now Realty 581 0012 

runat. Supnr s/r (any l urn 
flai 2 double bedv Laungr K 6 
B CH. Gdm Co let U60 pw 
Ot 730 6312 Warmark 

FUIMEY spacious garden lui 
•Seeps up 10 6 GCH £260 PW 
Co lei prrf 01 299 2488 or Ol 
7R8 8591 

STUOtO rtats in rxcenem tors 
ban far Company MMv £96 
nrosu Codes 826 8291. 

HAMPSTEAD and envtront. Tor 

a selenion of slewed and rer 
oemnended flats and Houses 
available lor long term letting in 
North London’s premier dislnn 
rontart the ukuuov who can 
of In mirarroufc noroes from 
£150 to £1.600 • week. George 
Ktughi - The Lrtunfl AflHil. 9 
Heath Street Hampsmd VU 
l*gr NWS 6 TP Ol 79* 1125 
SLOAME SQ fetf). SWL Luxury 
1st IN flat in PB MV. has 2 Ige 
mferrom rerep rms uioi fsafro 
ny. 4/5 beds. 5 bains «hwr rm. 
new Ige lumen/ b'last rm all 
new- e tn apraeni Superb new 
carpets a curtains. Ready to 
mote into Co Lrt unfum or 
turn £760 £950 pw. Howard 
MUHCT A Co 01-295 2852 
IbVUlllIC Furn rut Chiswick 
Mall Sunnv spaevous 2nd floor 
sgectandar River .slews 15 
mins Harrodv A Heathrow Lge 
rer. vudy. kil. 5 Dble bedv 7 
balfts. terrace* Free parking. 
EM phone. £500 pw dr 41 
rate*. Trt 01 995 5000 
tin rial/ house up to caoopw 
a IsuM Ires teg Prompt Kay 4> 
Lewis. South of the Park Chel- 
sea nffire. 01-362 dill or 
Nonb of the Park Regent's 
Park Ofllrr. OX 586 9882 
2-3 months Luxury lurnohed 
how Ml Montague Square 
SS I 3 Bests. 2 Rrceps. Kit A 2 
Batnv. CasCH A chw. Aflantr 
ml lev £55Ctow Tel: 01-629 
6102 <Ti 

BEUMkAVIA. fmmaruUirty fur 
lushed. Owners own rial 2 beds 
it with bath * drew room rn 
suite l rerep. dlmng hall, mod 
kit. Mower room RoM terrace 
Long let £400 pvs King wood. 
730 6191 

8ELGHAVIA. Thtrd floor serwre 
■tat unium. to converted period 
bouse Rer rm. 2 beds. 2 bams, 
kit/uuiicy. CH. Res Manager. 
To include meals. Lease 5* ■ 
its Bert £15,600 pa eid 
Howard MHUrr 01 256 2852 
FULHAM SWd. Substantial lam 
Os house in impeccable 
drrerautr order tnrourtKMH. 6 
beds. 2 baths, shower, dble 
recebL U kri. ullbty room, con 
servatory. gdn Lend CO tot 
£550 pw 244 7365 

convened roan with Roof Ter 
Pm Entrance Lge Recep Rm. 
Master Bed. 2 Sgto Beds. Fined 
Mod KIL Baihrm. £526pw. Co 
Lei. 6 mats*-. Around Town 
220 9966. 



limy Manor das<*Kd house. 2 
ittfc beds. Butts ensile. Z re- 
caps. American m Available 
shod Id. Up to 3 months. £500 

Cootact GflBe Conyets 
01-351 0821 


BtaoU men* desqned 4Bi 
floor Bat m nooly itrlurtttsrtetl 
blot*. 1 recant 1 American Mt, 2 
dtfc bads «dh bate ensue, ac- 
cess comm gdfG. Aval long co 
te. £375 pw. 

CoBtad GSBe Conyers 
01 351 8821 



Spacious arenac gtouid flow 
flat 1 dblo reepl. Amencan kfl. 2 
dble beds. 1 bath. Aval 1 
ye»+. Co let £325 pw. 

Contact GiSe Coayars 
01 351 0821 


4 Bed. 2 BMi tomfy towar: »««I b lOf , 
3 fras. bo shams AmrtdlBQQpcm 

C_01-2284116 > 


E Plaza Estates 

Sparaas brand new 1st hr llaL 
Outfit & suuiy well hencfi doors 
omo a luge balcony. 2 beds. 2 
bahs .1 receo 4 tawneo 4 fln all 
matans Long lei £325 dw. 
Imecw des^ped 2 nd lb Rai dose 
ig Share Sq m evcehenl bft rotfi 
Wl & porter KutQsue bedim, re 
ceatom Wchen & bath. Aval 
now £200 pw 

H ARMSTEAD. Long- Rat in Ed 
Murdtan hoove in prevtigiouv 
Huin Drnr mmoehing surt 
oaidruh. rpmprlving 2 (M bed 
i«nmv luma room, k-rtl. fully 
nfiral. rarpewi. all appbanr** 
and roRUonaHV lumnrird- 
Lew lor 9 months or tongn m 
lenu) cC2200w Available mi 
medutelv Ptoase apply -Ol 79a 
2070 diulimr up lo 9pro 

KEHSIN0KM verv sunny rooh 
remng vtrtorun lostefuUy fur 
nishra 2 flow flat. Wert for 
rnlertainuiq Irnwroslve Hair 
rate V4 OrOiaottn. 2 ballv 
looms, kilrtirii. laige recepuon 
room wiUidum accns lo brag 
iduI garden. No .penK 
Available now UOO pw Lrot 
rnmpany lei pi el erred. 01-727 
7371 91 1 am or eve* 68 Pin 

WEST SUSSEX. BeauUlulIj lur 
mvhea pdiumaue 2 hed 
idVnidc collage overwoking 
wafenalf CofKettlrttl for 
Gatw irk/ London 6/12 month* 
tot to include trow inning and 
•Molina cTOOpcni. Phone 
0542 715466. 

CHELSEA Garden flal with in 
entrance in pm ale house hear 

Button* swio non. l rrrp. 1 
dole bed. dining area. k/b. gas 
rh. reudeniui parking ReTs rr 
OUMrtf. 1 year min. £130 p w 
Ring Ol 562 BUS 

1 dble bedrm ilal overlooking 
square Lge ierrp. ft ku. baliwrn 
with vnowrr. (mmaculalety dec 
dialed and lurnohed Avail 
now nos pw 244 7565 

CHELSEA. Sot. tons 2 bed flol 
rtov sioane sq lube AvaU un 
mediately Sun 3 snarers af £60 
pw earn iCIRO pw). Buchan 
am 561 7767. 

CLAPHAM 2 lge rm on b/b bam 
for 3 nub let in lux Mr. gdn. Nr 
rune ruff amenfbr* lo prof nfi% , 
£62 50 pw loci deposit rea Tel 1 
Ol 720 8796 

fXIMY ST. IWI. Exceptional 
rut dec A turn. 1 BrU. 
naih with shower, recep/dirnng 
IIP. If kit Lonocolrt £180 bw. 
244 7555 

2 rumnSHCD executne appro 
with swimming pool, gym 4 
vauna. 5 nuns form Bromley 
North station. £660 PCM Ol 
4cO Sol H / 01 040 4651 
Luxury 2 bed railage. HM re- 
lurbnhrd. wciuded garden. 
kim] roimle/smail lamUy. Long 
let LI «5 pw 01-466 7256 
4PM Lor Rrrrn New Kil <aU 
maths 2 Baih*. Gas CH Ull 
C2SOpw Benhain A Reeve* 
958 5522 



Finn flai in pi. Mock. 3 
Beds. 2 Receps. Kri/Brt 
Bath. OSP & Cdn5. Co 
ha. £325pw. 
Britton Poole & Boms 
01-722 1166 



immacutairty newly ttaoo-’ 
rated ft furnished 4th Root 
flat in PBB. 1 bed.' bath ft 
shower, lge recapt. ft lot 
£165 pw 

01-244 7353 



M pnrdc* 1 u Mi nawn IIP n 
wi y uki utobc ganm wsi use ni 
mu mil dau n Book Coal 
Ida flndrol Wke. ? BW tads 
has «*■ 5 A 7 irons HM W b fa 

HU loV 0*1 C® pw **M 

(dtom Office: 01-731 3111 

tage rtxms « Pita cedHBS 

Drang Rm. Fifty ffflaJ M. V DUt 

Beds. Stfe Bee. 2 Bara. Jacurn 


''01-629 6604/^ 


wtencLDON swi w aw«w 
non imnur unlutn W" m 
Miperb der order * beds, dbw 
leren s evr nuihv. lull! ^ 
mi Pirn ml appliance*. »n.ggtj 
C.V75 p w neg- F w awn Ol 
221 a»58 


lidiv luiTuvJied surmy fourth 

Koor flai. I note tfOrm. 1 recep . 
lined kdrtvn "Mbaiwown. 
hall amaphone UQOjKWTCi 
<079781 270 or 01 239 

LAMOLnR06. O« VO*f 
have a qiidlliv prupecly in tot 
im m about ii We oiler a mo- 
lewooal A irtHWe mtvHo 
O uranln Consianlute 01 -44 

MATURE LADY exec wrKmwai 

paling uuml bi lUt ownera 
who upend mum lime abroad 
Own inom/baihroom. plus idH 
uv oi lux apart nr Marble 
4ich. Terms iwg 262 4589 

nn We nave a large wire Don of 
nrvuri U.S.* bedroom flat* 
with maid service inlerior de- 
signed and rmlrally tocatwd 
Anuria Will burn Ol 258 5659. 

SWT 2 bed 2nd fir lurnnlinf i ftat- 
Immeoulrtv a»ailab*e £1BS 
pw Tel iDaVlOl 255 2351 e\l 
124 or <tie*l Ol 373 7486 

f!7Kli The number wremetn- 
nn tahrn seeking toil rmial 
proper lie* in renlral andprlme 
Londun a»eas £150' CT.OOObw. 

MMUMto Modem * bed 
■ oom i ui iv turn town bouw 
Company Irt £275pw OI 947 

WIMBLEDON. Modem 2 bed lur- 
nnhrrt ilal near shot* and 
unim* ground Company leL 
L12&PU Ol 947 5902. 


1 niteruly A Bril Museum Trt 
Helen Watson 4. Co 580 0976. 

gratis «fek* attomm lor alu 
deni* Tei Jennifer 636 D"T4 X9 
ARCHWAYi Sparrows 3 bed I urn 
Ilal in uuiei Mierl. Vnw* Nr 
lube £140 pw Tei 737 5471 
3 BEDRM Sown London houic. 2 
Rprep *wnl gioup £140 pw. 
Rental Guide Ol « 8 e 6652 
CHELSEA Prruv Old III I id n (ML 
dnl n eo rm nr kJLb sunny 
paved gdn CI26pw 3S2 2775 
CHELSEA inunar lu* bbtoonv 
Ilal. nghl recep. dble bedJin. 

pnrln. Long Irt Ql 622 6825 
DOCKLANDS Flat* and house* lo 
lei ihiKughom ihe Dockland* 
anu Tei Ol 790 « 6 t» 

EALMG I aroe lux 3 bed nse 2 
recep. 2 Haiti 12SO P w Trt 01 
736 5&OS Flnrn’s 
EDCICWARE 3 bed noire Chit 
dten / pel* wriromr £140 pw. 
tv press Renlats Ol SM 6457 
KAMPSTEAD I bed C/h flat 
hands lube. T i . £90 g w Ex 
Pf«”e- Rental* Ol BBS 0457 

2 bed Ilal Tube hrnmnolon. Co 

Lei pirt £460 pem 736 2194 
NEAR CITY, elrganl 3 bed man. 
2 turn*, oxrnaoks Canal 
£186pw Ol 266 1042. 

M LONDON Bedsil Pm air park 

ing £55 pw Rale* me Clpeu 

Reiikds Ol 8R5 5457 
PIMLICO. Alir.v ilal 1 dble bed. 1 
rnrp. sml *ruii ned/siudv. It 5 
b. Cot TV . £126 pw 834 9725 
SUB Spar mis 2 dble bed Use. 2 
reepi. mre kil. lu* baihrm. CH. 
Cl 20 pw Tei 01858 3*20 
finmed £40 pw Handy Iran* 
port Ren Lai Guide 686 6562 
SW7 Furn baw bedsil baUi. 
kilnllr. ch. iv . £60 trw >oung 
ladtr* Reply M BOX HIS 
SW17 Grd fir flaL kil. 2 beds, 
qdn. washmarh Outel nr shop* 
f. tube. LI to PW 672 $854 
SWISS COTTAGE Superb, spa 
nausllal. 1 dbtobeo. 1 Igeih.K 
A B CH ClOBpw 821 0417 
W1L: small, newly decorated. 
S/r nai Stngie woman coo 
pw . write I uUy lo BOX B24 . 
WANTED Combdny regtore* stu- 
dio nai in Central London lor 1 . 
Ol 486 4864 


Contort Richard or Mick. Davis 
WooHe ft CO 402 73B1. 
WIMBLEDON 5 Bed. 2/3 Rec 
CH. hsE- Gdn. £250 pw. Avail 
to 31/3/87. Tel OI 947 1*78 
W LONDON 2 Bed S/r gal. CM- 
dren welcome. ETOO pw. 
Express Rentals Ol BBS 54S7 
General appouuments. 


Long/Short All best 
areas. Personal Service 

£120pw - £3,Q0Qpw. 
458 3680 
Anytime (T). 



Luxury spaoous farniy Itat in 
Btd bft. 3 recjxs. 3/4 beds. 2 
bMhs. Amenon krt. rflityfpom. 
Aval 1 year. Co let. £875 pw. 
Contact Gttte Cooyess 
01 S5T 8821 



Off FmcWey Road. Newly 
Dec i Fura BaL 3 Brdj. 2 
Rec. Kit/Dm. 2 Baihs. Lons 
Co In. CBSpw. 
Breton Poole & Bunts 
01-722 1166 


GARAGE * 3 Bed IlH M WB. 
Mod » Dec, DHe Recto. 

K&TB UTS nr 

Bed. 2 Bott. 2tatrp. K «*h 
al machnes. £425 
Ones Bdany Hat. ? Bee. 2 
Bah. um Recep. tan Rm & 
K £«0. 

GRADE I listed BWo made 
0D 2 maaorattes n Wl. 5 
Sou <i> rm. 2 Bens wffli 
en-sow Baths® £45a 
3 Bed. Huge fircep. K42B+ 
Bfl Tmoc E750 

01-589 5481 

.athini Graham 


Be Bright - 
( hoose 


Tliv l-CIlin^ \;jcnl 

• 15?-It 7 Kni^hlshridjzr 
Londun 1 

Tel: 589 2133 

*un and rnauL DM 
SMC WO) driim.HMiran.lBDL 
W CL DAO. £M5pp 
Orejci bMfflj u*ds of aauoer 2 
beams, reap K&B. pans Ei3S 

DH 01 499 5334 

Godfrey street s-w^. , , , 

Charming oewtv decxnud nafumisbed bouw srilh three daaue 
bedrooms, two bathrooms, two recejnion rooms, cloakroom and 
tally rojuippecl kitchen. £800 p.*. ojlo. 


EKelleni interior designed bouse in a pr im e residential area 
with four bedrooms, throe reception rooms, two bathrooms, 
cloakroom, kitchen and patio. 12700 p-w. 

Good spacious tamily bouse with four/five bedrooms, rwo/throe 
reception, kitchen. Use of Square asrdens and tennis court. 


Modern town faouee in eery goad decorative order with gamer. 
Throe bedruoms. two bollirooms. large reception and kuchea. 
£600 p.w. 

Two very wdl decorated spurious flats with three brdroana. two 
bathroom, one reception and kiichen. £375 p.w. 

EameDeai spacious sisth Door Dal with two bedrooms, reception, 
khebeo and bathroom. £ 350 p.w. 


Immaculate Dai wilh two bedrooms, reception. kKChen and 
bubmom. 1330 p.w. 





Ugh i spacious wtfl decorated first now flaiwith two bwooms. 
reception, kitchen and bathroom. Some maid sendee. 1220 p.w. 



Ununiafiy force Mews bouse whh three bedroom*, reception, 
fcilcben end bathroom- Gan&> £350 p.w. 

18 Montpelier Mews, London SWT 1HB 
01-584 3285 





Moon Madness makes 
his classic mark with 
aristocratic triumph 

U 'J* , aristocracy certainly 
A a high old time of it at 
I ^[Qncaster on Saturday. La- 
! Z® 8 ’ Duchess of Norfolk 
• "^tahed Moon Madness 
- ^^hunsdftobeoneofthe 
1 “ est three-year-old colts 
JB the country when giving 
j ^J ady of the turf her first 
triumph in 50 years of 
gwfing racehorses in the 
4obten Piis St Leger. 

Not to be outdone Lord 
“®lper, her 74-year-old 
“Other, had earlier seen his 
. LOOO guineas purchase. Unde 
Pokey, win his third race in 
succession after a thrilling 
finish tp the Holsten Moravia 
Nursery. “I never had a penny 
on it,” he said, "‘but I made up 
for ft with what I won on 
Moon Madness.” 

In between these two races 
Lord John Fitzgerald bad 
shown that training skills are 
not just the prerogative of 
commoners when saddling up 
Sizzling Melody prior to 
achieving an exhilarating vic- 
tory in the group two Flying 
Childers Stakes. 

John Dunlop has excelled 
himself in his handling of 
Moon Madness, who has pro- 
gressed from winning a 
maiden event at Salisbury in 
May to giving the gifted 
Arundel trainer his fourth 
British Gassic victory.' And 
Pat Eddery's riding of the 
winner was a masterpiece of 
audacity and perfect timing as 
he waited so patiently before 
finding an amazingly trouble^ 
free path to victory up the far 

“I had to give the colt a 
chance," he said. “After all, 
he's by Viuges. so we weren’t 
certain that he'd get the trip. I 
know I was lucky to get the 
opening, but he won so easily 
.that we could have gone round 
the outside if he'd got 

There is no satisfying some 
people. No sooner had Moon 
Madness passed the post than 
commercially orientated crit- 
ics were hard at work denigrat- 
ing our oldest Classic by 
pointing out that the first two 

By Michael Seely 

home were only promoted 
hand i cappers. 

Luckily the truth of these 
matters lies in the records of 
the great races. On Saturday, 
Moon Madness beat Untold, 
runner-up 10 Midway Lady at 
Epsom and subsequently the 
winner of the Yorkshire Oaks 
by six lengths. Swink. the 
winner of the Grand Prix de 
Paris was a further 2 ft lengths 
behind in fourth place. And 
Nisnas, a thoroughly consis- 
tent colt, who was only four 
lengths adrift of Shahrastani at 
Epsom, came in fifth. 9ft 
lengths behind the winner. 
Cash Asmussen, for one, was 

Big race result 

(Group t 3-Y-O: £110,592: 1m 

MOON MADNESS b c by Vrtfges - 
Castle Moon [Lavinta Duchess 
of Norfolk) 9-0 Pat Eddery (8-2) 1 
Celestial Stain b c by Roberto - 
Tottra Celeste (R Duchossois) 8- 
0 S Cauthen (6-1) 2 

‘ Untold ch f by Pinal Straw - 
Unsuspected (Sheikh Moham- 
med) 8-11 W R Swinbum (5-2 lav) 3 
ALSO RAN: 4 Altar Mflorti (8th), 11- 

Dunlop at Arundel, Tote: win £4.50. 
Places: £1.60, £230. £1.10. DP. 
£12.90. CSF: £28.52. 3min 

in no doubt about the value of 
the form. ^Swink ran his race 
but just didn’t have the class,” 
he said. 

The first inkling that Moon 
Madness might be a St Leger 
horse in the making had come 
after his five-length win in the 
King George V Handicap at 
Royal Ascot and he had 
confirmed that promise when 
beating Kadial so easily at 
Ayr. Then came that puzzling 
performance when he finished 
a close third to Nisnas in a 
slowly-run Great Voltigeur 
Stakes at York. 

On Saturday Moon Mad- 
ness proved that running to be 
totally false, particularly as 
Allez Milord, who finished 
fifth at York, came in last 
Talking about it yesterday, the 
Duchess of Norfolk said: “He 

must have been below par. 
Mandy. the gut who does 
him, said he seemed a bit off 
colour both before and after 

The upgrading of the stan- 
dard of the Norfolk horses 
started when La Fresnes, an 

0 u taandingly-fasi two-year- 
old. was bought from Lord 
Derby for 17,000 guineas at 
the December sales in 1962. 
Castle Moon, Moon 
Madness's dam, is a grand- 
daughter of La Fresnes and 
therefore a half-sister to 
Ragstone, the 1973 Ascot 
Gold Cup winner, and a folk- 
aster to Castle Keep. 

“This must surely be an 
encouragement to other 
breeders to show that you 
don't have to spend millions 
to breed a classic winner,” 
Moon Madness's proud owner 
went on. *Tve been on the 
verge of giving up the stud but 
after this Td luce it to go on for 
the rest of my lifetime, at least 

“Moon Madness is so well, 
that he might just run again 
this year,” she concluded, 
“but certainly not in the Arc. 
He'll probably go for it as a 


Luca Cumani has also ruled 
out Europe’s most demanding 
flat race as an objective for 
Celestial Storm. “The race 
represented top Classic form.” 
he said. “I don't think that my 
horse got the trip as well as 
Moon Madness. He might 
possibly go for the Champion. 
But we might wait until next 
year and plan a Commanche 
Run type of campaign for 

Untold would certainly 
have finished closer but for 
being hampered when Steve 
Cauthen brought Celestial 
Storm through on the outside 
of the field. “She didn't fire as 

1 thought she would,” said 
Michael Stoute. “ but if she 
hadn't been stopped she might 
have given the second a run 
for his money ” 

Despite the feet that 
Swink’ s intended pacemaker, 
Rosedale, unseated Brent 
Thomson and bolted before 
the start, the winner's time of 

Bering remains 
on course for 
Arc showdown 

From Our French Racing Correspondent, Paris 

, I’M* •-* 

L V , i . K j»... •« • 4. ■ i « 

7\v. ’ •••y. 1 -r.f” /' \-:*r 

Mora Madness and Pat Edde 
Doncaster on 

come home nuchal] 
tnrday (Photograph: 

[ in the 210th St Leger at 

3 minutes 5.03 seconds was 
still highly creditable. The 
pick of the paddock was Allez 
Milord, whom both Guy 
Harwood and Greville 
Starkey thought failed to stax 

Sizzling Melody’s emphatic 
win certainly paid further 
dramatic tribute to the value 
of the form of the Heinz 57 
Stakes in which the colt had 
finished fifth to MinistreDa. 
“He's done enough for the 
season,” said the trainer, “and 
with this year's top sprinters 
likely to be retired, we’ll have 
a go at that title next year, 
probably starting in the Palace 
House Stakes.” 

Finally, looking forward to 
next weekend. Forest Flower, 
runner-up to Minstrella in 
Ireland, will be attempting to 
get back on the winning trail 
For Ian Balding by taking on 
the colts in Newbury’s Mill 
Reef Stakes, 

• Moon Madness's St Leger 
triumph on Saturday gave the 
colt the distinction of being 
the only horse so fir this 
season to win six times. 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: high numbers best 

2JQ HAGLEY MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £822: 5f) (12 runners} 

7 03 ACT OF TREASON JT SVBitcn Smith) DLatog&AI WBSwMwmS 

2 4 B ELAKA (J S mtti) H Steataar HI — -MRtanter* 

7 FUTTTRiHS PARK (Mbs S Hoaml R Whftaker B-1 1 DMcKeown* 

10 0 HAn.ACAB[HBraztn«inlRBra»TOina-ll .JWtamS 

11 04 HAYOATE PARK [G Mils) M Ryan 8-11 PRotataaOB7 

12 0 HAZEL Bffifl^GHaz#6yJiFCal»or 8-11 — 

13 JUST CLASS (Prtic# Ahmad Salman) S Norton 611 

14 02 KEPT WAITWQiMra R BeekwM W Muason 8-11 — 10 

16 0 MAUBUTOASnuSAllfittocka Stud Ltd) L Oman 8-11 SttgwmB 

17 MUJJIBJJSHOI&faHtaptaJB McMahon 8-11 TWfcrol 

18 00 PARK FROLICS pWMaonjWVmanqn 611 ODuMaMB 

19 0 PUSHOFF (USA) (Lori Taws**) C Britain 8-11 Ttaa12 

9-4 Act Of Treason, 3-1 BeiaKa.4-1 Kepi Waiting, 5-1 Pusrtoff. 8-1 MaHiu Toast, 

12-1 Hatygato Part. 14-1 others. 

FORM ACT OF TREASON (8-8) 3rd beaten 1 Kl to Susan Haneftwd (68) 17 ran. War- 
wnck Sf stka good Aug 25. BELAKA (8<ll)4iti beatan SKI to Percy's Lass (8-111 12nn. 
LingfcU6f arts gootfAug 8. KEPT WAITING (8-8) 2nd baatenttl to Days LOW Tnase (6 
1 1)20 ran FOkestona 51 site firm Sep 9. MALOU TOAST (8-1 1) Sth baton 5*1 to Vi- 
valdi (8-11) 13 ran. Wqlvertiarnpton 51 sfts good to soft Aug 2S. PUSHOFF (8-11) 
ganrta in The Wind (8-11) 14 ran. Goodwood 61 srts good ID firm JiJySO. 

Wolverhampton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Bclaka. 2,30 UsakatY. 3.0 SHIPBOURNE (nap). 3.30 Nagem. 

4.0 Ninoichka. 4.30 Smiling Bear. 5.0 Red Hero. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.0 Malibu Toast. 3.0 Quick Reaction. 330 Godsmith. 4.0 
Poderoso. 4.30 Geraghty Again. 5.0 Alloush. 

Micha el Seely's selection: 5.0 Ciren Jester. 

230 BEWDLEY SELUNG STAKES (3-Y-O: £731: 1m 4f) (6) 

3 040 EXPCRT WITNESS (TNflwtam BMorgaiW PRotmwS 

fi 00 REDALLYIW Wharton) WWhamn 94 GDaWeMS 

7 00-0000 TtBE H GATE (H Hoftnstiead) H HoBMltead 9-0 —4 

10 02*000 COUNTESS CAHLOTT1 (Mrs UJatVts) A 8-11 JRaWI 

11 00-400 GO FLAMWGO (D McOurte) A James 8-1 1 — 2 

14 000*30 USAKATY (M MacNamee)M McCourt 611 RWeratanC 

7-4 Countess Carfom. 3-1 Loakaty, 4-1 Tfter Gate. 8-1 Radafly. J0-7 Expert 
witness. 12-1 Go Fbmngo. 

'••■a: l l^i'r "t J . , f.', 1 ; u J V‘ V . 1 7 1 ' j \ j tl l 1 ? “'•' 43^1 


._ A Goran 14 

14 004423 NAGENfOBreretmlL Barratl 3$-10 _HL PH4 

15 0-24000 AMBER CLOWN (E Thomas) W Wharton 38-1Q —6 

16 041*10 CAPTAWS BfflOfCO) [R Whto^ H Wttong661Q LRlggiolS 

17 000000 KEN StDUALLIMMMamnUdfK Stone 3%B J — 13 

19 0-00000 EVEH SO SHARP (PWhMtortJPStnth 3-8-2 J Want 11 

20 018320 HILMAY (Ms P Dunnl W Cbartn 4-8-1 H Lapprts 

21 003040 COMMANDS) MEMtEN (B) Mm EOnonnNDDO'Donnel 8-7-12 Jo55r2 

22' 830000 JKOUXIf (Mis I RoicheO K Ivory 3-7-11 : :GBMm>9 

23 023000 WESBREE BAY ff)(HaddBy Pig) NByonR 4-7-8 — 1 

2-1 BAerrymoleB. 4-1 Canto's Btdd. 5-1 Commander Meaden. 11-2 Hlknay, 5-1 
F irst E xpartenca. 10-1 Taetiyon Park. 12-1 Ardors Partner, 14-1 Godstruth, 18-1 

FORM; GOOSTJnJTH(8-7}48> beaten 21 to Lady Cara (7-12) 21 ran npcnSfti'csphoavy 
Aug ffi-MHfflYMOUES (9-^ won nk from Beechwood Cottage (8-11) 18 ran. SakrfMY 
81 neap good to soft Augia. NAGEM(98)M beaten 3KI to Sanditton Ps4eca(9-Q 13 
ran WOtwartompton 54l?cap good to firm July 21 . CAPTAIN'S BK» (7-1) 10th beaten 
over 4W| toGeoroo WHam (p-7) IS ran. Sandtnm 51 h’cap good Aug 30. COMMANDBI 
UEAOBI (7-1 2) 5rh beaten 31, nk to Eocae Tree (8-10) With NAGEM (8-1) 4th beaten 3L 
hd. 15 ran. Watwtnmpton Sf h'capgood to Arm July 7. 
a t l e cB o n: CAPATAPfS BPO 

4JD NEWPORT STAKES (3-Y-O: £1^75: 1m If) (11) 

10 30000 GARDfflA LAD (WHJonatiOHayrti Jonas 8-11 JW ama lt 

12 Q WULBCTI (Blfl. Osman) DO-Donnel 8-11 JCtttar{7)2 

13 JUSTTOO BUVE (T Rvnsdert M Rwn B-11 RCOdsneS 

i6 Mom pooewso 

11-10 Mnotohkau 5-2 Poderoso. 5-1 Just Too Brave, 7-1 Simply DBflckus. 12-1 
Saw ft Lass. 20-1 others. 



A30 BLOXW1CH HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,096: 1m) (20) 

to Turftfi (8-13) s ran. P ume tr act im h’cap 
beaten 4X1 to Something Casual CB4) 17 ran 
MEUCWUS (8-1 1)5lh beeton 17X1 to Cocottt 

5-1 Kahnn. 6-1 Smfing Bear. Geraghty Again. 7-1 BMrars Dough. Bieurman, 8-1 
GMng R Ai Away. Fire Rowat. itM Gorshmn, HachknHsu. 12-1 others. 

114 Pactolus. 13-2 Rostheme. 7-1 Harbour Bazaar. 8-1 

94 SMptxwma. 11-2 Pactolus. 13-Z Rosmeme. 
TvJntaoA. ToTorange Hffl. t2-l JecWaw. f4-l others. 




2 m if h'cap good «« 
2m 2f 

130 APPRENTICE HANDICAP (£976: 51) (15) 



7 302100 

70 0HWM Mosnturew) 


— 12 

A Dicks 8 
Tw**r tO 

Sd FORDHOUSES NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2,138: 71) (10) 

3 003 RED HBtQJJ Good) M jew 9-7 T Laces G 

4 0102 SPOTTHI (WJ) (Lord RothanviclO W Ham 94 W Canon 9 

6 00202 LORD WEST0A1E(K Jaffa] MUfMT 92 H«Un4 

7 0403 ALLOUSH (HH Prince Yuid Said) LPiggon 9-0 Tima 

13 04000 AUNTIE CTCL0NEJU8A) p Wright) D u&*tg 8-6 N Adams 10 

19 00120 PHARAOH njJE(D|(MrsC Pans) CMIW) 93.^ MftolMrta7 

22 320020 FOUKTAOTS CHOKE (Tree Hnktwgs m KSanaM — 2 

24 4340 TEACHER'S GAME (T Clack) K Btassey 8-0 SWtatworthB 

31 002 CtRBI £S1Bl (Ms S FainTCS) W Musson T-7 RPrica(7)5 

33 033211 LATE PflDGRESS (C-0) (Mrs J M Barry) J Barry 7-7 tiFryl 

7-2 Spoor, 4-1 Pharaoh Btue. 5-1 Fountains Choice. B-1 A8ouah. B-1 Lout 
Wtagam. KM Lxa Progress. Ctnsn Jester. iZ-t Red Hero. 14-1 others. 


Latoeeiar 7f 

( 8 - 10 ) 8 ran. 

171 to Brawn 
beaten 31 to 

Weekend results 

Boy (5-17: 2. Hdden 
1-30 1. 12 ran. 

Numsmanst 92 tan. 10 ran. NR; 

4J35 1. True Gent (9-1); 2. Batataravtll- 
8 ftert a. Mountain late (8-1). 15 ran. NR: 

^SSl .nSSSSSi (5-1): 2. Sonto 
Astana (7-2). Mrs WadrtkM 2-1 tav. 9 

^S%g&i i !snvsb 

ran. , nrnriri f7-’>- 2. Rantdb Sam |8- 
*St I TnW (7«. 2. Hawanten CM 
d l Lad (8-1): 2. Pmce 


2.1S l.UamtA 

uion , . „n.mia Lad (8-1 ). 2. Prmee 

2.15 T. Uam (4-7 tab 2. Aik Mama (8- 
1): 3. NorttoM DM fM. IS iran 


It a Ptondt John Lyons (18-1) Sum* 
Domain 2-i tav. 9 ran. 

3 . 45 1 . Mukhabbr ri34 favL 2. Out On A 
Ryer (5-1): 3. Woodman Weaver 0-1) 5 


«!l5 1. VWon Of womter t^-ito 2. 
CabaHine (14-1); 3. Medalhon Man (25-1) 
Avanmora Star 11-2 ta^iSrar. 

445 1, Sparkler SpMt (2D-T). 2. 
Ktoraten ps-D 3 (ib-i)- 4. 

Peu Bo tJ10-1)- S ano-Do«ar 94 tav. 22 

^iSl.^lin^naie Wand (4-5 tavt Z. 
Soncrter udy (20-1)3, Next Dance (20- 
1)7 ran. 


a jo 1. TtHtuaMr(8-l). 2. Bamatyra(>2- 
1 ) 3 . Fmrty Hope (8-i3 ttv) 7rm. 

Keenff-lt 3. Chad Bte(*te«(7^L 9rart 
3JB1. fewer Pto (11-8 tat 2. Monwn 
(9-2t 3. Scottish Bavard (13-2) 7 ran. 

4J) 1. Prtncety Lad (8-1) 2, RngyBuoy 

S i tavt a Motes Chancer p-1) 9 ran. 
L' Pram Bubbly. AbeBgta. 

4J0 1. BMhULad(7-4p-favt 2. Hetto 
Kteney (16-1k a The Floortwer (H-4L 
Ounw^Boy 7-4 jtfta. 6 ran. NR; 

ao 1 . PMeceYerd(4-1); 2. Kuwait Moon 
O-IJ: a Shafca fftver pM tav) s ran. Mfc 
Buy Bnhth. Bdtytae. 


Course specialists 

DUUNERS: W Ham. 10 Winers from 25 
runners, 40.0^ G Lams. 9 from % 
34.6V S Honor, 8 from 37. 21 6% 
JOCKEYS: W Canon. S3 wnn from 
105 (XUS. 21.9V T Quinn. 11 (ram 65, 
16£V W R Swinbum. 9 Irom BB, 106%. 


TRAlHHtS: Mta S Hal. 12 vrttiere from 
40 runners, 30.0V Sr Mart PrascotL 22 
Irom 78. 282V A BaKoy. 5 tram 20. 

JOCKEYS: A Shouts. 6 winners from 29 
ndes, 20.7V N Conrorion. 18 from 111. 
162V M &rch. 18 tram 112. 16.1V 

mere from 
i from 138. 

• Paul D’Arcy was passed fit to 
resume race riding by the race- 
course doctor at Doncaster cm 
Saturday. D'Arcy broke an el- 
bow and two ribs in a fill at 
Folkestone on August 19. 

Minstrella and Lockton 
lead successful raid 

From Oar Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 

Minstrella widened her mar- 
gin of superiority over Poloak 
front a length to 2W lengths 
when they met again in the 
group one Moygbue Stud 
Stakes over six fimkmgs at the 
Cunagh yesterday. 

Pat Eddery attempted to ran 
Minstrella off her tegs hot the 
fast pace he set on ftrionh 
merely served, in the long ran, to 
.simplify John Reid's task in 
getting MinstreUa to settle. 

“Once I got a lead I knew my 
fOlywas going to win for she has 
.a splendid turn of acceleration,” 
Reid said. This revealed itself at 
the distance marker where she 
swept np to and passed Fokmia 
before drawing away. Another 
English runner, Indian Lily, 
finis hed third but never threat- 
ened to get any doser. 
'Mmstrella, trained for Ned 
. Evans by Charlie Nelson, 
started favourite at 9-10. 

The other group one race on 
the programme, the Gamness 
Peat Aviation National Stakes, 





By Mandarin 

Socfa is the strength in depth 
of Guy Harwood’s stayers this 
season, that seven of the first 20 
in the ante-post lists for next 
month's Tote Cesarewitch are 
trained by him. 

Of those seven. Ostensible. 
Bannerol and Shipbourne — all 
of whom have won their last two 
races — were left in at the four- 
day declaration stage for today’s 
Midland Cesarewitch at 
Wolverhampton with the last- 
named ultimately chosen to 
represent the Pul borough stable: 

Shipbonrnc has shown 
marked improvement to score 
handicap victories over two 
miles at Nottingham and New- 
castle on his latest two starts and 
this progressive colt is fancied to 
further strengthen Harwood’s 
hand for the Cesarewitch proper 
on October 18. 

The son of De De Bourbon 
was ridden by Tony Clark at 
Nottingham ana Walter 
Swinbum at Newcastle but to- 
day he is re-united with Grevflle 

The veteran stable jockey 
should certainly know he stands 
with one of today’s principal 
rivals as the top weight, Pacto- 
lus, was until recently a stable 
companion of my selection and 
was ridden by Starkey when 
successful at Lmgfiekl Park last 

Bought by Gay Kmdersley to 
go hurdling. Pactolus will be 
hard pressed to concede 121b to 
my nap. who appears to have 
the greater scope. 

The Newport Stakes has cut 
up badly with all five previous 
winners dropping out at t he 
overnight stage and the way now 
looks open for Dick Hern’s well- 
bred filly NiaotchV* to get off 
the mark. 

By Niniski out of a 
Huntercombe mare, Ninoichka 
shaped well on her only run at 
Doncaster last October and 
should prove too good for the 
well-exposed Poderoso. 

At Edinburgh, my principal 
fancy is Pendor Dancer in the 
Tote Credit Sprint Handicap. 
Trained at Radlea in Hertford- 
shire by Ken Ivory, Feodor 
Dancer has been a model of 
consistency in sprint handicaps 
this summer and produced 
probably his best effort on his 
latest run at Haydock Park 10 
days ago when second to Ardrox 

He holds Lady Cara, King 
Charlemagne and China Gold 
on that form and is a confident 
choice to make his long journey 

Wahiba is fancied to beat 
Drygalski for a second time in 
the Tote Each Way Maiden 
Stakes while Admirals All looks 
to have a straightforward task in 
the Bet With The Tote Stakes. ' 

David Thom, who has an 
excellent, record in sellers, sad- 
dles the lightly-raced Saiyyaaf in 
the Tote Place Only Selling 
Stakes and this son oEThalching 
could spring a sunrise as be 
takes a considerable drop in 

Blinkered first time 

EDINBURGH: 2.i5 ArishVL Troropa 
D'Oeu. 4.15 Lakiste. Data. 4AS Gardenia 

iratvERHAMPTON! 3.0 Quick FtaaeMn. 
4J) Hibson. 4.30 F)ra Ftaekfit, MrKsmnaL 

produced a much closer finish 
although all the evidence sug- 
gests that it fefi well below the 
standard of the Mbygfaure. 

Baba Karam dictated the pace 
from halfway and it was only in 
the last few strides that Michael 
Hills forced the Jeremy 
Hindtey -trained Lockton np to 
win by a head. 

Three-quarters of a length 
farther back came Rock 
Chantenr with yet another En- 
glish runner, Morewoods, tak- 
ing the fourth prize. So, in the 
twq group one races, Essglisfe- 
trajned runners carried on fire 
of the eight prizes. 

The relevant running of 
Lockton and Rock Chantenr 
relate very dosely to their 
previous form in England when 
they were third and fifth to 
Shining Water in the Glen 
International Solario Stakes at 

The disappointment of the 
National Stakes was the only 
filly. Flawless Image- 

Bering came through bis Arc 
trial in the Prix Niel over IK 
miles -at Longchamp yesterday 
with the minimum of fuss. He 
tracked his pacemaker, Arctic 
Blast, until Gary Moore sent 
him to the front IK furlongs 
from. home. 

Bering had only to be.shaken 
up to stride dear for a Z'/Wength 
victory over Malakim. He is 
now >2 favourite for the Are 
with Hills, who quote Dancing 
Brave at 1 1-4. 

Moore said: “Bering blew a 
lot after the race,” while 
Criquene Head, who trains the 
colt, remarked: “He will be spot 
on for the Are- He is a much 
stronger horse now and be 
needed this race. He has always 
had a good temperament but he 
is even more cool and relaxed 

Darara won the Trustbouse 
Forte Prix Vermeille by five 
lengths from Rdoy but her task 
would have been much harder if 
the favourite, Lacovia, had not 
broken down when challenging 
early in the straight 

Tbe Prix de Diane winner lost 
second place in the final strides 
and returned lame on her off- 
fore and bleeding from her nose. 
She will not race again. 

Reloy will be trained for the 
Yellow Ribbon Stakes ar Santa 
Anita and her stable compan- 
ion, the St Leger fourth, Swink. 
for the Rothmans international 
Championship at Woodbine. 

Darara's immediate future is 
in the balance. She is not in the 
Arc and the Aga Khan already 
has two probable runners in 
Shahrastani and ShardarL Her. 
connections have until Septem- 
ber 30 to decide whether to 
invest £25,000 in a supple- 
mentary entry. 

Her trainer,' Alain de Royer- 
Dupre, said: “She is a little 

Leading Counsel, who_ had 
made most ofthe running, m tbe 
Prix Foy, also over I Vi miles. 

Patricfc-Louis Biancone said: 
“Mersey is still faL She had not 
raced since May but she will be 
fust right in three weeks time. 
She snatched the race from last 
year's Japanese Derby wnncriii 
the final strides. Sinus Symbob 
was tran s ferred from Biancone 
to Freddy Pialmer four days ago 
and he too will run in the Arc. 

• Big Reef, who was trained by 

John Dunlop earlier this year, 
snatched victory from Esdale rti 
the last stride of the Premio- 
Federico Tesio over nine fur- 
longs at San Siro, Milan, yes- 
terday. Eve's Error (waiter 
Swinbum) had every chance m 
the last 300 yards but could, 
never quite catch the first two 
and was beaten another neck. 
Esdale. who tried to make alt 
was sent over by Jeremy Tree 
but will now join the Milan 
stable of Frank Turner, who 
won the next race, tbe listed 
Premio Mottalciaia, with 
Sheikh Mohammed s 


• Top Guest (Philip Robimson) 
beat another British raider, 
Lundylux (Brian Rouse), by one 
length in the Stockholm Cup 
over 1 ‘A miles at Taby, Sweden, 
yesterday. The winner started 
favourite at 2-1 but Lundylux, 
who- only surrendered tbe lead 
in tbe final 1 00 yards, was a 44— 

] chance. Chaumiere finished 
fifth and Landsld unplaced 
while both British challengers in 
tbe sprint, Petrovich and 
Qantime, were well beaten. 

• Billy Newnes gained an . 
e n t erp rising victory on Prairie.. 
Neba in the Fora Hentschel 
Pokal over 1ft miles at Hanno*' 

HCT trainer, ^am oe Koyer- ^ Amongst the Stars (JoTin 
I £ u P re ’ Lowe) smyedon to be fourth but 

shnntp ^ thetas . ^ ( J dd £ jn . favourite. Night 
been in a race today. However, L - ridden bv Grevftle 

both he and Yves Saint-Martin 
seem keen to see her join the big 

Mersey became a definite Arc 
runner after gaining a narrow 
success over Sirius Symboli, 
Antheus and the Irish colt. 

Line, ridden by GreviUe 
Starkey, was in the rear 

• Enbarr, who wan his fourth . 
race of the season at Doncaster, . 
could be destined to race in 

Seasons leaders on the Flat 



G Harwood 
J Dunlop 

R Hannon 

H M M l 

B8 58 31 
83 50 28 
72 55 50 
55 57 48 
47 58 51 
46 35 44 
44 53 35 
42 35 33 

0 +238 
0 -3.50 

0 -24-89 

0 -83JS7 

0 -129.01 
2 -85.64 

1 -5223 

2 -1021 

Pat Eddery 
W Carson 
T tvss 

R Cochrans 

M M M l 
151 95 75 
124110 86 
98 83 84 
75 62 59 
70 46 32 
67 80 64 
67 62 68 
66 87 55 

3 +21.89 

1 -rail 
9 -93-62 

2 -9.46 
7 -10831 

4 -87.63' 
14 -9025 


Going: good 

Draw: high numbers best up to 1m 

2.15 BET WITH THE TOTE STAKES (£1,1 Ms lih 41) 
(7 runners) - •.* 

1 .6-00 BmCHGROVEUDGOk »WW-~i-KHflrt9««»| 

3 -000 MODEirS MAN WPoarea 46-6 NComwrton7 

4 0443 TREYAflNOM (USA) S Norton 4-9-5 

10 3042 AD0WULS ALL JWTOsr 36-10— AltadrayO 

11 2400 BOYNTON ffl) W Bsay 36-10 ; . Hite 

12 IOCHAVKS Mbs MBrt 36-10 MChHM 

14 PMLCLASSW Boy 38-10 CDw)«r3 

11-10 AOmtodsAl. 4-1 Boynton. 11-2 Trawnon. 8-1 Lodi. 
Avich. 10-T PMcftts. la-TMtodaTs Man. 20-TttcfiBrow Lad. ■ 

Edinburgh selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Admirals AIL 2.45 Wahiba. 3.15 Saiyyaaf 

3.45 Pendor Dancer. 4.15 Lakiste. 4.45 Miss 

By Our Newmarker C orres p on dent 

2.15 Admirals AIL 2.45 Wahiba. 3.15 Saiyyaaf 

4.1 5 Patriotic. 4.45 Miss Milveagh. 

By Michael Sedy 

2.45 Drygalskt 3.45 PENDOR DANCER (nap). 

£1,132: 1m) (IQ 

1 00 4LHAHAURYP Katewvy 90 — Gaf KMMxy (3)2 

2 000 AIBSHAN (8} P MonteWi 9-0 CDwywa 

3 0030 0AMAHT dg*) E Wayrnw 9-0 E Quasi (3) 6 

4 64 DRYGALSOg&AIM StoutB 94L Patf ErtfcryS 

5 0 FffimLYFBIOWJW Walts 96 N ConaortM 1 

B 0 HONEYWAY WSTG Moore 96 JBtoaacWa? 

18 6000 SPMOO&l BOY F Carr &V 

IB 03 WAHBAGPracturd-Gorrt»S6 


21 AWABUEAMVT Barron B-11 

22 4330 COME GNOVSTONJBany 8-11 

23 60 HJUMTWG M W rtdnnson 8-11 

26 00 MSS ZOLA Jmray Roger*) 8-11 

27 WXBXJPMHABlfW Feans 8-11. 


32 800 ‘mOHKiraBLmJ Payne 8-11 

. J Lae* 15 
KOaday S 

A Madcap 14 

11-4 Al Mahamy. 100-30 Corm On Oyaton. *-T Wanes, 
5-1 Daman. 13-2 DrygtaskL 10-1 Ftendy FMtow. 18-1 oeiara. 


2 0440 BUCKS BOLT (HJ Barn 443 J Cam* (7) 4 

3 0030 imXHCO pi WSmqr 443 SWabatari 

4 40m KMQCOLElFH)MaQ Hawley 4-&-VL. DNkMbll 

5 060 tOCHABBEV Ms N Macaulay 44-10— Paul EcMeryS 
8 066 CAflOUSB. M01X1AT G OkVOyd 4^-7 — K Hodgaoa 2 

11 0004 S*rarMWIta»*«- RHd{7)5 


15 000 SAI_VYAAFOThcxn 3^5 JCimtftt 

16 3040 CLOUOtgSS SKY H Bohan 3-82— MBkc&16 


Going: good 

2m 74yd) (12 runners) 

1 RJ-0 RB«EBO<T>O}aRchanJ»9-11-10 PTnck 

2 323- WUMRJFR) A PJonit 6-11-10 : TJantefA 

3 P13- STRAIGHT DOWiNFCrunm 9-1 1-S__CHaBkta 

4 -1F0 DAHCeiHEBU^ (B) (ISA)(&^ J WsMm 6-11-9 

7 1-4 C0REEL LORD Mrs M Enns 7-T1-3 ^"jSyan 

8 DBF- STl»BSnAUGHTIHfC-qKCBaiey9-’l-2- AJoota 

9 11-F MQGSffiN Ws A Hnrin7-I1-1 — 

10 234- FA»8ABU(00)SN Burt 12-10-13 


11 -3W HOPE END (P-OJPF) MIS sowar 8-10-13 1 

. HftlfllWHD) 

12 -603 FLAWHG-nDEPO-Oonnor 6-10-11 O Bu idta 

14 U000 KAY MARKER Mrs M Thomas 9-10-5 

15 /F-2 LITTLE TKMBLEC J Hactwg* 10-106 
7-2 LAta Trouble. 4-1 SualsMDuwo. 5-1 Stubbs DnnMar, 

11-2 Renrabo, B-i Kan*. Oanea TTw Shies. 10-1 other*. 

(£816: 2m) (IS) 

2 no- SHOUT J Norton 6-1 1-7 SJOiteH 

3 -0(4 SEASOICD BBBIpgj M Bradla* 5-116- QDnriaa 

7 -033 CAtW JAaowrSri-4 S Hams (7) 

B -010 USCOVBt GOLD (D)KSfindgaoMr 5-11-2 


9 U-20 FOREVER MO RP Hood 4-16-12 MHoadp) 

10 M0 W)UHST0UrmGnPn»6-11-2 RDumodr 

11 PFO SAUCY SPHITE A P Janta 4-11-2 KB*te 

12 F401 LE BARON ROUGE P) BChamlqr 6-1 1-T.STmar (7) 

16 066 BAUWUDtantaB-16-1?..-. JAHteM 

17 /IU- WS HOMES BFMnonl 5-16-12 SJoteWte 

Iff PM PLLTAKE A MELODY J FCttMtaas 6-16-12.' A Wabb 


20 P0W OW*CORWaCMreJ6wta6*HJ-lO RflotevM 

21 0TO KMGWOCNLE Mrs A RMCtH 4-16-10- MrDVntaia 

21 P-20 WARM ADR WHsdOp 4-10-10 H Crank 

11-4 Lfi Baron Rougn. 10OW SMSOWd BrtbW. M Cafrph, 
6-f HAbto Air, 5-1 Forever Mo. TO-7 Hognnaut; Tfi-rocnan. 


I 0-P1 PRIMROSE WOOO G RJcbaids 8-12-1 Ptbcfc 

3 0F-1 (SBA(B)G A Kubtmd 7-10-8 (5ax]u—-raiarHabba 
S 466 LODGE'S FORTUNE Mrs S Davenport T1-1 62 A” 

- 6 400- MtLOFStANEAP JnvisKMO 
8 aw KATt»>ewosOBr*nn30 8-10-0 
9. MO IBCIPSRItUALPSWsntl 7-166 
10 22FP ATfBBSTARJM&iaw 11-166 

II 3P PJ unUDGNtKtacna 9-104 

7-4 Qaa-A. 5-2 Primrose Wood, 4-r H» Ot 3 tan*. 

7.1 Looge's FartuM, 10-1 K8topargoarl44 ottm. -- 

. G Davies 

17 6004 LAST JEWEL C Spare* 36-2 0 Carter t3 

18 3004 MOLLY PAffTWOGE RWooriwM 3-3-2 A Proud 7 

21 0400 STANFORD ROSE MBnttain 36-2 KIMwff 

22 0330 THE DABBERG Human 362 Jana Eadsa m 8 

3-1 Stanford Rose. 7-2 Last JswsL 92 Ctoudtess SA|V 

11-2 Bucks faiit, B-1 Lodatobey. Irtoanoo. 

50(14) . 

1 0330 KMAN START (DlTBuran 3610 G Carter t 

2 3400 IOMGCHARtJEMAflME(P-BlMmG Rwta^769 

3 FOM SPACaUXBtB0Y(C6)RNelnB3 669 ... j ' 

- PnlBnMyl 

-• 8.0000 TOBERMORY BOT (D) RWndahar 966 . 

K p u d ihf (H 11 

: M0 2000 CHNA GMJJJC-OlMlaa L SirtW 76S ~ W 

13 MOD PBKMOA(B) rwn f Vlckara 860— RVlctaw(7) 12 

15 0000 MENBCKAWOITWE (ff)(p) Danya SBMhWg^^. 

16 4110 LADY CARA (nJBamr 867 J Cairo* m3 

17 2600 LOCH FORM (&OJC TWdar 367__ -MBfcdiZ 

20 DIO PBCOfl DANCBl K I«uiy365 — NCartWa* 

25 4610 LBTmGHT BOj Mm N Maeautey 3-7- 13 

26 1410 CAPTABTS BOO (DJHWhMnB 67-13 [)Q[| nl)|||:nT 

28 3800 TRADESMAN (C6)J Haldane 67-7 AMacAa|14 

9-4 Rmtan Start. 7-2 King Charlemagne. 11-2 Stesoft, 
61 Pendor Dancer. Lady Cara, 12-1 Tobermory Boy. 


8 4114 STtlS JUB IC-O) Mbs S Kafr 867 M BMi7 

.12 0030 MASTER CARL MB G Rowley 7612 DNkMb2 

13 6304 NNBLE NATIVE (USA) S Norton 361 JtOta.6. 

16 0443 UUOSTEmJW Wans 3612 NCbonnon* 

21 -041 PATRIOTIC M Prescott 366 C Natter 5 

22 060 DAIS «PWUmn 365 

23 0MB M8WJR Mrs G Bcvettn 463 

24 000- MOUNT EPHRAM Gtoman 4-B6 l_ J aneEadaa' 

52 NknHa Nathm, 61 LaWWa. 7-2 Stone Jug, 61 Patriotic; 
61 Master Car) 161 Moutt Ephraim. 261 Others. 

HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1^70: 50 (17) 

2 2213 MBSteLVBtQHmAS#Boy96nOBX)JCterajrOT» 

3 1000 MR CMUNBffO) Denys Smsi 67 DMchoa«7 

5 03a F0URWAU Mrs NMacaUtoy 613 WWtatai>5 

. 6 2310 OUMJN (U5AWM5) S Norton 612 ^.JLm4 

7 0300 BASIC BUSSPWmwm 610 : PaulErtteiyl 

to mm hssshec -- ■ 

12 0000 GARDENIA 

13 23» HUGO Z 

14 mu 

15 0*11 PETHTS BLUE (B) Jnnnv Ffrzgerdd 62—. MBbeh '11 

18 1000 ORIOLE DANCSljC-U) D Thom 8-3 SWMnterlB 

19 0440 DEHS 8 EN Denys S<a(h 7-13 LCtenodrff 

21 2020 HAWHTS COWMG (D) T FatttnjrW 7-10. JCMtetetenS 

22 mm RUN TO HOW G Moors 7-10 AMectayZ 

24 0030 GREB*SWAROBOV(S K Ivory 7-7“ N Cw£tte 12 

25 0030 GLORY QOUDMBrittata 7-7 A Proud 1 

a 4000 TOOTSIE JAY G Hannan 7-7 Jana E«tes (7)3 

11-4 DunAfi, 61 Mfcs MSveagfi. 61 Mr Gnamr, Mira 
Btoe, 162 Hugo ZHackantwahTS? ftanvtek, 12-lotoara. 

3.45 TUXFORO NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m 4fl 

(14) • . 

3 0-00 CAMBBEAH SUN Mrs B BruM 6116» MrB Brant (7) 

4 4-22 CDER SPYM»GJeflntogs611-2 REvnsftair 

7 406 EXTRUDE BRCantiidg« 6 l 1 -2 _CNta» 

10 600 ROW CLEAR G G Morgan 6112 _DStaw 

12 -442 SEA BED T R GnMrthoafi 5-1V2 Mr L Lay (71 

14 0 BROKHtS CHOICE PO-QBTO- 4-1 1-0 

15 POO- nFTHATT BOPTP SFalgete 4-11-Q SJdnm 

18 06 KAHAK7EH f ISFESB KEAP Jarvta 4-1 )-0 


17 LIVE M HOPE D Munay-GMOi 4-1 1-0 GBrartav 

19 062 SOVBIEiaN LAD GMMoora 4-11-0 MHasaboad 

22 ALMOST CSITAM P Beamiont 61 611 PAFanalM 

24 00-0 NORTmMBMA IASS GRtonras 61611 __pwS 

25 FP 6 OVER1RERMNEAPJanE616l1^jTjMvtam' 

28 0 PANTOQW-WHsey 61611 ______ mdZ^ 

64 Sowotan Lad. 7-2 Oder Spy. 4-1 Sea Bad. 
6-1 NorthumbnaLass. 61 Uwa In Hope, 161 Panto gJl 

Southwell selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Wiggbum. Z45 Forever Mo. 3.15 Gee-A. 
3.45 Live In Hope. 4.15 J-J-Henry ' 44S 
CotourfidI Paddy. 

*A5 CLAYPOLE NOVICE CHASE (2910: 2m 74yti) 

3 - 2 FU- GKXJBNGKA Morgan' 61 1-0»_ KRm 

4 0 P 6 GnFPMGLAO MS J BtoOffl 7-11-0- MtasCGfon 

5 FP- J6HDWYP 8aatmmt 7-11-0- Mba A 

sm- MgrmummwHar «*nuaioa! 

8 026 BAIMATTO McCain 6 

9 3F10 

10 OI 6 TBtAMOU J Watabar 6 TO -12 ■ r, 

11 -TO CHffitY RUN F S Jadam 7-ioi l ~ i, ■ ^ 

s- ’BaBBaap^y* '4S8K 

2m 41) (9) 

3 -01P MORE HOPSUL C C Trwttna 6 ii- 7 _„ uanwa^m 
7 roi re teSTioTi K ^ ^ 

a si 

61 Jupiter I 
61 BteAd.61 

P ltw teaw t n 

^.61 OurChKfdatte' 
Rpw.tD-lftetanX ’ 

<r , ( k 

-; ! ::>5i, 


’_ :r ’-Uw 

‘ : 'Vy^ 
- »u in 

- £ / .. 



A mighty 
turns the 
red tide 

By David IWiI 

Manchester United^ 5 

Southampton .. i 

R>ur goals of first division 
quality for United on Saturday 
and not one involving Bryan 
Robson. The other was a pen- 
alty and the England captain 
could not claim a hand in tha t 
cither. Bui so inspirational is 
Robson that his presence, for 
the first time in competition this 
season, was enough to restore 
the Red Devils' derring-do. 

The chanting for Ron 
Atkinson's dismissal, which' had 
rung loud against Chariton Ath- 
letic a fortnight earlier, stopped. 
Tlie winds of change have been 
swirling round Manchester but 
Atkinson is now a little farther 
from the precipice over which 
Jack Bond and Peter Lever were 
blown last week by the 
neighbouring county cricket 

Talk of lan Botham being 
luted with lucre to Lancashire 
has come too late for Bond and 
Lever but Atkinson's one-man 
panacea could hardly have 
timed his entrance better. While 
Robson had been recovering 
from an operation to have his 
right shoulder pinned. United 
had sunk to the root of the table, 
only one point gained from four 

■ Ten minutes gone and a beefy 
challenge to the shoulder by 
Case; Robson plays on, no ill 
effects. Nineteen minutes and 
the first shot of the match, from 
Robson, but Flowers saves. Two 
minutes later Robson untucks 
his shin, to wipe the sweat from 
his brow. United have the 
message and another 1 4 minutes 
on they are 3-1 up. 

. Stapleton goes down, felled by 
Blake: Olsen converts the pen- 
ally. A minute later Clarice 
equalizes, his seventh goal of the 
season, but Davenport runs the 
gauntlet and finds the target 
with a low shot- Barely time to 
wonder whether Shilton might 
have saved it before the score is 
3-1. a classic diving header from 
Stapleton, set up by Siveback’s 
free kick. 

As Whiteside's provider for 


Global voyage to planet Wimbledon 

By Stout Jones 
Football Correspondent 

The nation is already aware of the 
existence of an exclusive band of 
domestic "super league'* clubs. The 
undeniable evidence is to be found 
in the shape of the silverware 
collected by Everton, Liverpool and, 
to a lesser extent Manchester 
United and Tottenham Hotspur 
over the Iasi six years. 

The world should by now also be 
aware of an emerging breed in the 
English game. They deserve to be 
called supermen and die latest 
confirmation of their work was 
beamed live on television to 33 
countries across the globe on Sat- 
urday. The show was staged at 
Plough Lane in South-West London. 

Distant viewers from Iceland to 
Jamaica saw an extended version of 
the long-ball style, brought originally 
to the first division by Watford and 
more recently by Sheffield Wednes- 
day. But Wimbledon take it to the 

extreme, with their goalkeeper filling 
the leading rede. He is their main 

As well as taking all the free kicks 
in his own half Beasant launches 
almost all of his team's attacks with 
punts that touch the clouds. They 
are aimed towards a land that is 
populated by grants, most of them 
wearing the colours of Wimbledon. 
Such a ploy is unique. It is also 
awkward to combat. 

When the ball eventually drops 
from the skies, Wimbledon fight for 
it with a fiery aggression that borders 
on fanaticism. Anyone entering the 
wild skirmish must protect himself 
with an iron shield of courage. He 
may otherwise be damaged by a 
pointed elbow, a stray fist or a 
studded boot. 

Above all, he must be fit Dave 
Bassett's men have been on Com- 
mando courses and it is not un- 
known for them to go for six-mile 
nins on Sundays. They are prepared 
for the chase and therefore designed 

Hazard saves his best for 
a spiritual home-coming 

to sun their own system within 
which there is neither room nor time 
for decorative skill. 

The outcome is inevitably an ugly 
mess featuring terrifying c ollisio n s. 
Yet Bassett has merely learnt from 
Graham Taylor and Howard Wil- 
kinson, the managers of Watford 
and Wednesday (who are regarded 
by Bobby Robson as among the best 
in the counuy), to make the best use 
of limited resources. 

If he had employed more con- 
ventional methods, Wimbledon 
would not have risen to such 
unforeseen heights. As it is. perhaps 
only a handful of first division -sides 
are equipped to overcome his abra- 
sive warriors. Everton, as they 
confirmed during their 2-1 victory 
on Saturday, are one of them. 

They are talented enough to 

pnnish mistakes (Sheedy, with the 
assistance of Steven, took advantage 
of one after four minutes *nd Sharp, 
with the help of Sheedy, another 
after 62). They, and especially 

Watson, are also brave enough to 
resist assaults that amounted to an 
endless coil of barbed wire. 

Cork equalized during one of 
them and Wise should have likewise 
at the end of another. "He couldn't 
hit a cow's arse with a banjo," 
Bassett said ofhis embarrassing miss 
in front of an open gimi, - and our 
crosses were so poor that the pieman 
behind their goal was in more danger 
than Minims". 

So many of his men lost their 
footing on the sodden turf that he 
thought there might be a sniper m 
the crowd, at 1 1 ,708 the largest ever 
assembled at Hough Lane for a 
league fixture. But the only spectator 
removed by the police happened to 
be no more menacing than a female 

Like her, Wimbledon's moment 
of glory would seem to have passed. 
They are unlikely again to stand on 
the peak, although Taylor is not 
alone in predicting that they will 
finish in the top half of the table. 

Clubs not short of gifted individuals 
or collective spirit will finish below 

Manchester City are one of the 
more probable candidates and it is 
significant that their chairman, Peter 
Swales, would seem to be preparing 
for the worst. He is expected today 
to start a campaign to reverse the 
plan to reduce the first division to 20 
clubs at the end of the season. 

The bottom is scheduled to 
change but the top already wears a 
familiar look. Merseyside's relent- 
less dominance is blocked for the 
moment only by Brian Gough's new 
team of the future at Nottingham 
Forest. The supermen. merrifulJy, 
are not yet capable of finding a way 
into the "super league". 

WIMBLEDOlfc 0 Beasant K Gage. N 
WmtertJum. S Gators [sub: C Fair- 

K Ratafiffe, D Watson. K Langley. T 
Steven. A Heath (sub: P wadnson), G 
Snap. D Mountfiew. K Sheedy. 

Referee: K BarratL 

By Clive White 

Tottenham Hotspur ... 1 

Chelsea 3 

From the moment Tony 
Galvin slipped over and put his 
back into spasm during the pro* 
match kick-around, Tottenham 
Hotspur should have known h 
was not going to be their day. 
Besides, Chelsea had already 

craftily established good omens 
by recalling Mike Hazard, five 
years a Spur, for his White Hart 
Lane home-coming. 

If John Hollins, the Chelsea 
manager, was aware just bow 
much of Tottenham is stih in 
Hazard's soul be might not 
have selected him for his first 

and players don't think 1 am. 
And infecllwoukbficareifthe 
manager did think it, so long as I 

Yet he admits to lacking 
ambition (-1 am what I am"). 
-If Td set my sights higher 1 
could have gone higher. But I 
was unlucky to be at Tottenham 
when two world class midfield 
players were around,” he said. 

There was no one around; 
Hoddle included, of any sab- 
stance to bold back Hazard on 
Saturday as Chelsea secured 
their first win of the season. Not 
after Gough, Tottenham's Scot- 
tish centre back, had hurriedly 
left the field in mysterious 
circumstances after six minutes, 
with blood streaming from a 

me oftbeseasra in place of torn lip that required surgery. 

the iqjured Bumstead. Hazard 
admitted after the game on 
Saturday to feeling happy and 
sad about what he had just done 
to “all my friends here.” 

What he had done was what 
he never did in 91 League games 
for Tottenham: he scored two 
goals. Perhaps Tottenham 
should blame the woman who 

does the washing at White Hart unfairly so. Go 
the fourth goal and producer of I*™. Clu. haH <airi m Hotline- iHTfav that h*» 

die fifth himself, bringing under 
control ’Olsen's cross before 
driving past Flowers, Stapleton 
emerged as man of the match. 
“Frank was brilliant,” Atkinson 
let slip afer saying be would 
single out no one. Perhaps the 
manager will think again about 
Stapleton's weekly contract and 
offer the player the security he is 

Atkinson and Stapleton pm 
United's first win down to two 
main reasons: Robson and luck. 
•“Bryan gives the team 

Lane. She had said to. Hollins: 
. Tell Micky he's not to score." 

That Hazard should save bis 
best performance, since joining 
Chelsea a year ago, for Totten- 
ham,- only added to the irony. 
Hazard refutes that he has been 
an expensive misfit at Stamford 
Bridge. He said: -The manager 

The mystery rook on more 
sinister undertones when an 
angry David Pleat, Tottenham's 
manager, refused to discuss the 
incidenL Tm not prepared to 
say anything. I would if I saw it 
for sure. But some of my players 
saw iL” 

The inference of assault ap- 
peared to be directed at Dixon, 
unfairly so. Gough said yes- 
terday that he bad beaded 
Dixon's elbow. He had remem- 
bered nothing Grom the moment 
he sprinted off the field until be 
arrived at hosphaL Apparently 
he thot^bt he was playing 
against Newcastle United. He 
hopes to be fit for next week. 

His absence left Tottenham as 

disoriented as himself though 
with Roberts moving into the 
back four and Paul Allen com- 
ing rat into midfield, that ought 
not to have been the case. 
Hollins thought that Godden's 
amazing dose range Hf-nlai of 
Waddle was the taming point. 
Nevin twisted Thomas into 
conceding a penalty which Haz- 
ard accepted boldly for a man 
who missed two in a reserve 
game a fortnight ago. 

Despite the efforts of John 
Martin, the referee, to strangle 
the passion from the game by 
rashly booking six players 
(Millar, Speedie, Goddes and 
Spademan for Chelsea; Paul 
Allen and Stevens for Spurs), it 
continued to thrive, particularly 
Chelsea’s smart inter-play. 

Hazard never looked more at 
home than when striking the 
second at the end of a move he 
instigated himself Give ADen's 
goal from a penalty dubiously 
awarded for a trip by Millar on 
Roberts never endangered Chel- 
sea, who wrapped it up when the 
excellent Speedie, victim of a 
few minor assaults himself, hh 
back- with a brilliantly instinc- 
tive p nai which the maligned 
Dixon irrefutably struck home. 
Stevens, M Thomas, G Roberts, R Gough 
(sub; P Aim), G MabbutL C Aten/W 
Fafco. C WacMte, G Hoddte. A QaWin. 
MCA: A Godtten; D Wood. J MNar. M 
Hazard, J McLaugftSn. C Pates. P Nevh. 
N SpatAman, KDbcon, D Speetfe. J 

RataarE Martin. 

fee;--. < ,.%-wpGh 

intercedes between Murphy, of 

and Fafco, of Tottenham 

Coventry are thriving United strike back 

Newcastle L'aited's troubles 
increased with a 3-0 defeat at 
Coventry City on Saturday 

confidence.” Stapleton said. (Vince Wright writes). Kilcline, 
“He is ail insuifanfce foFtJfcback'' Bennett and Adams scored for 
players because they know he Coventry, who are thriving 
will get them out of trouble if finder their new manager. 

out of trouble if finder their new manager, 
they are caaght.out of position- George Curtis. 

And we got that bit of luck that Leicester City are also doing 
we didn’t gel in the three games belter than expected and they 
welosL” • gave as good as they got in a 2-2 

The confidence to which draw against Sheffield Wednes- 
Staplerori refers is a product of day at Hillsborough. Leicester 
Robson's reliability. Of his 13 answered Chapman's brace of 

recent expensive signing from 
Everton, cancelled out an open- 
ing goal by Williams, then 
Sterling and Blissen punished 
Norwich further. 

Chariton Athletic’s massed 
defence failed to halt the march 
of LiverpooL In an nndistin- 

A fight-back in the second half 
enabled Dundee United to draw 
2-2 with Celtic at Tannadicc on 
Saturday and ding to their 
leadership of the premier di- 
vision (Hugh Taylor writes). In 
the first half they were strangely 
lethargic and found themselves 

passes. 11 reached their in- 
tended destination and be won 
four ofhis five tackles. Atkinson 
said: “He did a sensible 
captain's job and you could see 
the response by the way the 
others played.” 

SfeebMk. A Atastbn, N VYW^de. P 
McGrath. K Moran. B Robson. G Snchan 
ygcTQfcson).F Stapleton. P Davenport. 

SOUmUIProte T Rowers G FonesL M 
Danris. J Case. M Blake. K Bond. S 
Baker, G CockerU, C Clarke. C Maskek 
MM: M La neater). D wtface. 

Rtfneoe P V*nea. 

goals for Wednesday with two of 
their own by McAllister and 
Moran on bis debut after his 
transfer from Southampton. 

Watford’s 3-1 success at Nor- 
wich Gty was particularly 
praiseworthy because they were 
without their England forward. 
Barnes, who was injured. The 
Watford substitute, Talbot sent 
on after 25 minutes, did more 
than anyone to bring about 
Norwich's first defeat of the 
season. Richardson, ' Watford's 

guished match, second half down to a rampant 

goals by Molby (penalty) and S? 1 * 10 who opened the scoring 
Rash ensured frat^tiiother ateronfy three minutes through 
team went away from Anfidd 

empty-handed. McStay added a second m 24 

In the second division. Leeds J?* 1 ?"***- interval 

United, and Ipswich Town United made several positional 
recovered from two-goal deficits changes and assume com- 
to win their games a gainst niMd, with go a l s coming from 
and West Bramwfch Ferguson and GaUacher. 
AlbionT respectively. Deehan . 

scored three of Ipswich's four “*> ui the table 

goals at the Hawthorns. following thar l^ victory over 

With Blackball Rovers and Aber *“ ? * ft*?*™- °*** 
Crystal Palace losing, Oldham scored the goal which earned 
Athletic strengthened their do- Hearts the points and a measure 
sition at theropby defeating of ransfacuon for their defeat by 
Stoke Gty 2-0 on the artificial Aberdeen m last season s Cup 

pitch at Boundary Park. Old- . . . _ 

ham have not conceded a goal in most impressive .football 

six matches. of ^ aftenioon was played by 


First division 



LUTON ■ 0 

man im 5 t 


norm for a o 


OPR J £ 



Second division 

Nottingham For 
Coventry City 




Norwich City 
Manchester City 


16 .5 13 
12 5 13 


















Manchester CHy 6 > 3 z 

sSST 6 2 0 A 13 IS 

Caefaai 6 1 3 2 5 7 

Oxford Dotted 6 13 2 * 8 

Manchester Utd 5 113 

Chariton 6 114 

Aston Vita 6 10 5 

Ne w c ast le Utd 6 0 2 4 

6 4 1 1 16 5 13 

6 4 1 1 12 5 13 
6 3 3 0 10 5 12 

6 4 0 2 8 7 12 
6 3 2 1 7 3 11 

6 3 t 2 10 11 10 
6 3 1 2 9 10 10 

6231 Z 5 2 

6 2 3 1 10 9 9 
6 2 2 2 5 4 8 

5 2 2 1 9 § f 

6 2 2 2 6 6 8 

5212 2 S Z 

5 13 1 6 6 6 

6 1 3 2 5 5 6 

6 5 10 
6 4 0 2 

5 3 2 0 

6 3 2 1 
6 3 12 

Crystal Pal 
Sheffield Utd 
Leeds United 8 3 12 

BJacfcftum Rvtb 4 3 0 1 

BfarnmohamCRy 6 2 3 1 

Plymouth Argyto 4 2 2 0 

Ipswich Town 5 2 2 1 

west Bromwich 6 2 2 2 

Derby County 

- -Cky 

6 114 
6 10 5 

Grimsby Town 
Bradford City 
Shrewsbury Tr 

5 3 2 0 6 1 11 

6 3 2 1 7 5 11 

6312 8 7 10 

4 3 0 1 S 3 9 

6 2 3 1 7 6 9 

4 2 2 0 8 4 8 

5 2 2 1 7 6 8 

6 2 2 2 7 6 8 

4 2 1 1 3 2 7 

4 2 1 1 5 7 7 

8 2 1 3 3 6 7 

.5131 5 4 6 

6 2 0 4 4 7 6 

4 12 1 2 2 5 

6 1 2 3 6 .10 5 

4 1 1 2 2 3 4 

6 114 4-8 4 

5 0 2 3 2 6 2 

4 0 1 3 3 6 1 


f a pts Yesterday 

9 0 16 Doncastt 
8 6 12 pool (0)2 

Third tftvteon 

-"WW TW 2 _f BOLTON 

S £u i I "‘ESS 

acsibJtf-xD o a mstolc 


FULHAM « a — - W 

SnSZm 2 l SmSS? 

gM . a * YORK 

s*woon i i f.ttmni 

maui 1 2 WP 5^ 5? 

YorkCSy 4 3 10 

Bristol oty 4 2 2 0 
Mddtesteourt 4.2 2 0 
Bournemouth 4 2 2 0 

issu™ tit; 

Doncaster R*rs 4 2 11 
Notts Comity *211 

£» 4 12 1 

Rotherham Utd 4 12 1 
Swindon Toum 4 12 1 
Mansfield Town 4 12 1 
FMarfc rwiI 4 12 1 

cSaSted 4 12 1 

Chesterfield 4 12 1 
Chester 4 0 4 0 

Newport County 4 1 r 2 

Brentford 13 12 

Botton W&ndrs 4 1 2 2 

4 2 11 
4 2 0 2 
4 12 1 
4 12 1 

Newcastle Utd 5 0 2 4 3 II 2 


StokeCKy 6 114 4-8 4 

Huddersfield Tn 5 0 2 3 2 6 2 

Yarmouth 0: BasBdor United 0, Horn- 

Aylesbury United 1. 

UniredS; Corinthian 
lOngstontan 2. Cray < 

Raynors Lane 2. Boranam 
United 4. 


Rangers li Atherstona United 2. Moor 

Greenl; MtonhaB 1. Pi — 

MtoNwton 0,Tamwortn 0; 

1. Burton Atton 1; Halesowen 4. 

Ot Dudey 5. Arteeey 2: (at 
Stevenage Borough 1, Spakftg linked 
Mtootton Blue cross i. March Town 
United 2: Bromsgrove RoveraZ Hofeoach 
United 0: BakJocfc 1. Saffron w&fen ft 

Kettering z Lowestoft l: By CSy 1, 
Tfexree -United 4; Evesham United i. 




4 12 1 
4 12 1 
4 12 1 
4 0 4 0 

4 112 
4 10 3 

Fourth division 


4M WAJ5Y » f HAt m-poOL 

C I NMlt a OC 3 2 EXETER 



ORVfT 3 1 sasmntee 



North a mpton CD z (Mortoy. Charfipen), 
Peterborough (D) 1 (Gregory). 

PW D L F A Pis 
4310 7 4 10 
4 3 0 1 ID 4 9 

4 2 2 0 8 3 B 

Cambridge Utd 4 2 2 0 7 5 3 

Preston N-End 4 2 2 0 6 4 8 

TranroereRws 4 2 1 1 8 5 7 

Colchester Utd 4 2 1 1 9 7 7 

Hereford Utd 4 2 1 1 5 3 7 

Orient 4 2 0 2 5 6 6 

4 12 1 5 4 5 

4 12 1 3 4 5 

4 12 1 2 3 5 

4 12 1 5 7 5 

4 1 1 2 6 4 4 

Hartlepool Uld 4 0 4 0 5 5 4 

Peterborough 4 1 1 2 4 4 4 

Rangers, who defeated Clyde- 
bank 4-0 st Ibrox to delight the 
crowd of nearly 27,000. Fleck 
scored three goals but the 
outstanding performer - - was 
McMinn, who came on as a 
substitute for ■ the injured 
McCoist and scored. 

In contrast to the ebullient 
Ranges, Hibernian, who beat 
the Glasgow club on the opening 
day of tiie season, continue to 
languish. They lost at home to 
St Mirren, with a goal by 
Ferguson, the Saints* new sign- 
ing from Clyde, bringing vic- 

Motherwell earned their first 
home point of the season by 
drawing 0-0 with Dundee in a 
shoddy match at Fir Park, and 
Hamilton broke their duck at 
Falkirk in a goalless draw. 

• Ian Rush, Liverpool's Welsh 
international forward, will have 
a personal hearing at the Foot- 
ball Association's Lancaster 
Gate headquarters next Friday 
to answer a disrepute charge. 

Scottish Premier division 

Taking the Tables are 
groan out turned on 
of a derby hooligans 

By Nicholas Harling 

Queen's Park Rangers- 2 
West Ham United 3 

By Simon Jones 

Luton Town 0 

Arsenal 0 

What with one London derby For years people have been 
or another occupying at least wondering bow to eradicate 
every other Saturday until football hooliganism and the 
Christmas, George Graham, the question has only el id led a lot 
Arsenal manager, bad justifiably of waffle about the state of 
expressed his reservations as to society, police methods, prison 
the merits of so many en- sentences, birching and the like, 
counters after his team's sterile Until now no one has come up 
match with Tottenham Hotspur with a credible solution. 

If Graham had been at Lofhis 
Road on Saturday many of his tmtiauve,. however, mes 

fears would have Y receded, for r'n & Z 

this latest instalment fairly 
crackled with exdtemem and ^ 

flowing football. It emphasized, ?JL5??J r of “ 

above all, that matches between 

neigh boms, even if they are ° 

from opposite ends of the nnllion. 

metropolis, as in this case, need There is no doubt 
not be dull affairs, suffocated by opinion, that Luton's sy: 
the tension of players afraid to computerized turnstiles 
walk into their local afterwards prevent unwanted visitoi 
to suffer jibes for having come mg entry. The match 
out second best Arsenal was the first sent 

After Graham's comments of their new approach s 

Dundee (M 











7 5 2 0 13 
7 5 11 e 
7 4 2 1 13 
7 5 0 2 13 
7 3 2 2 11 
7 3 13 6 
7 1.4 2 5 
7 13 3 4 
7 13 3 4 
7 2 14 4 

7 12 4 4 

The success of Luton Town's 
initiative, however, means that 
it is possible to say with some 
certainty, not only that hooli- 
ganism can be defeated, but that 
the cost of doing so as far as 
domestic league and cup 
matches are concerned could be 
as tittle as £1 1 million. 

There is no doubt, in my 
opinion, that Luton's system of 
computerized turnstiles does 
prevent unwanted visitors gain- 
ing entry. The match against 
Arsenal was the first serious test 
of their new approach since it 

A Pts you could sense the relief of involved a dub with a large 
| 1? both managers when they travelling support for whom 

5 to walked into the Press room to getting to Kenilworth Road 

6 ia see the encouraging response to posed no problem. But, accord- 

| * their uncertain, opening greet- ing to the police, there were no 
g 4 ibff “Good match, wasn't it T arrests. Than has been none at 
6 5 No one felt inclined to teD them any Luton home match tins 
| | it had not been. season: this is unprecedented. 

ia 4 . Fr °m ti“ opening minutes Ac h ^ ^ 

4 10 3 
4 0 2 2 
4 0 2 2 
4 0 0 4 


Hartlepool Uld 4 0 4 8 5 5 4 

Peterborough 4 1 1 2 4 4 4 

Wolverhampton 4 1 1 2 4 5 4 

■sr.mrtv^neutd 4 1 1 2 5 7 4 


Premier dMete: Dawflsli 4, Chard 1; 
Patfon Rovers 2. Liskaard Athletic 1; 

ton 7 0 1 8 2 13 
Scottish first efivision 

E 3 3 KUUHM 

when Cotree nearty exploited a 
misunderstanding in the centre 

4 112 
4 112 
4 0 3 1 
4 10 3 
4 0 2 2 
4 0 13 

7 I d ? ia s ii ,ea B ue treble. 

7 s □ 2 12 6 io The scorer of 19, 24 and 26 
7 3 4 0 8 3 10 = goals respectively in his last 
J3 2 2 10 8 8 three seasons, which is not bad 

Auckland 2. Gateshead 0: wwoey oayj. 
North SJwto&toje«mDe8. Eg 

0; BndBnoton *, Ashiogt on z 

nfc Eppleton CW 1, _Brartdon 

_ 1: wrJSnSwo 2, 

Synthonta 1; South Bank 1. Btogtam 
Town ijFMjgy Celtic l.NewcwtteBjue 
Sor 3; Oyth Spenans 1, Crook ij Gran 
6 . Horder»Co*afy Wetiare 1: Ftofiwood 2. 

VWvenhoe 2, Tring 0; Barton Rovers a Junior a Monte Moton 2: 

Avteey a Ctwshem a CMpton*- u — * - 

Hetncstaad 5. CheshwitT. Si ... 

Shortunod UnBed 1, Abingdon 

Hxree "United 4; Evesham United 1. 

aevadon!; Forest Green Rows 2. Y«e 

Bemsteple 1: Mne h e a d 1. TKwton 0; 
® St Alberts Ctty_1 ■ - Ru^P_W«r Bonouth 5.- GtestonBwy 0: Weatan- 

CMtenhnn a BWeftrt 

I 4s , Baltam 
StBlazey 1. 

VTOWnEtoma P; 

Dover Mh&tie 4: Cantetbwy Oy J 

4; Gosport 

I .11. 


TWion.l. Ceto 

v ISarpness 4, UmeB 1; Witney . 2. 
MmobW IWled a Braftwee 1 . »«- 
pSgn CXv 1: Nawmaifcai 2. Great 

Exmouth 5.- GtestonBwy 0; Weatan- 
super-Man 1. Wrton Rovers ft 
Bndgnorth X. Roesendate umed i; 
Worfeop 7. tarings 0: Wteon ABMon ft 
Hadnestert 2: Skatmetettie Untod t, 
Sutton Town o: North Fentoy Uritsa ft- 
Leicester United 3; Atirewn ft Ga*»- 
borough Trinity ft Wisbech ft Sutton 
domed ft MnoUey Athtaue 0. Hdder- 
mkislar Kairiss 1; Wtaton Fields 2, 
Leamington 1; Mstiocfc 1 Mafeenr a 
Evenwood Z Danven ft ChQftov Z 
Horwich RMl i: St Helens ft Heenor ft 
Southport 1. Goforth 1: Ceenterfm 2, 
Mertae ft Mocaley a Eastwood ft 
Burscowh ft Bootie ft 
FA VASE: Extra prefim tee r y mnd 
Replsye: Baker Parians a St Neote 1*. 
Coddosters 4, Tottanhoe 1; Pennant 4 , 
Welwyn Garden Cite Z 
VAiroULL OREL LEAGUE; neater dN 
vfsknt: Femborough 4. Bishops Stortfcrd 

Hempstead 5. Chestesit 1. . 

vislpn, aerate ktotesey 1. fte d g eel He«h Town ft 

United 0.Egham a ford ft Burnham Renfetars^. Eton Manor 

SteWNOFY »«SH LEAGU E .Boigor 0. ft Camey Istand 1 Brentwood ft tort 
BeUymena t: CHtonvjh a Gtejrtonn ft Ham United ft Rovers 0: East Thurrock a 

Coleraine t, Arts 3: Dotilenr 1, Gtenavon MarvernftFOrdaStanstedliH^tBadl. 

ftlemea NevnyftUnfieWaCsmcIcl; Pigfieatl:SaYrtmdgewoiih4.Chelinsft«i 
POrtadown 1. Cnoadere 1. 1. 

MecetesfiAlO. oar mvtetan: BAe WeytxWge 1, 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE Piener dMeien: CWps te ed ft Cofahem ft OwSSn 6; 


rsarssS: R! iei < sai: rsBqagTBare’t! 

CorirtWenO Creategh 1; Virginia Water ft Ash United 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: rte» d hrm ote Aston ft 

VSa a Manchester united 7 . LONDON SPARTAN LEAGUE Pon der 

FOOTBALL C0M9MATI0N: Brighton and tBvtekwBaridngNdeftBeddtmftSoutii- 

parucx a S -HORTON 


Airdriaontans 7 5 2 0 12 4 12 

Dunfermline 7 6 0 1 13 6 12 

Dumbarton 7 5 0 2 12 6 10 

OueenofSth 7 3 4 0 8 3 10: 

FortarAth 7 3 2 2 10 8 8 

Morton 7 3 1 3 15 11 7 

East Fife 7 2 3 2 12 14 7 

KSnamock 7 2 1 4 14 13 5 

Montrose 7 1 3 3 7 10 5 

Clyde 7 0 4 3 5 It 4 

Psrticfc 7 0 3 4 6 13 3 

Brechin City 7 0 1 6 4 19 1 

Scottish second efivision 








As it turned out, very few 

*« *- *—**** ?" ittssEisssis 

hontoose contain incidents and goals. 

vlSftM that ifanydid manage 

to get into the grotind tbeyted 
2 4 ra fi2S^SSffif entteS,fOTh ^ to behave themselves in order 10 

avoid getting thrown out again. 
A mere nine had to be ejected. 

Luton's conversion cost 


win cup 
; in Coe’s 

r Haringey added the Guardian 

* Royal Exchange Gold Cup to 
I their league tide by deposing 
, Shaftesbury Harriers, the cup- 
; holders, at a rainstorm-swept 
' Cwmbran on Saturday. In a 
dramatic finish, Haringey won 
four of the last five events to 
snatch the cup by a bare three 
and a half points from Shaftes- 
bury with Wolverhampton and 
Biiston in thind place. 

In the women's contest, for . 
the GRE Jubilee Cup, two 
Commonwealth gold medal 
winners. Joan Baptiste (relay) 
and Sally Gunndl (100 metres 
hurdles), helped Essex Ladies 
retain the title for the third 
successive year. Birchfidd nar- 
rowly dipped Stretford in the 
battle for second place. 

Daley Thompson, wearing 
eye-catching jester's tights, 
turned out for Newham and 
Essex Beagles in both the 400 
metres hurdles, placing fourth in 
52. Msec, and in the sprint relay, 
just failing to catch Haringey's 
Clarence Callender on the an- 
chor leg. 

Sebastian Coe did not pat in 
an appearance for Haringey, as 
advertised, but the North Lon- 
don club had winners in John 
Herbert (triple jump. 16.08 me- 
tres), Henderson Pierre (high 
jump. 2.10 metres) Mark 
Roberson (javelin, 71.60 me- 
tres) and Shaun Pickering (shot, 
16.40 metres). 

Their neighbours. Shaftes- 
bury, had the services of Dono- 
van Reid, though he was 
treading warily in the wet after 
the hamstring injury acquired at 
Cwmbran in the spring. He 
placed third in both sprints. 

Graeme Fell, the Common- 
wealth steeplechase champion, 
who returns shortly to Canada 
where be now lives, won the 
5,000 metres for Newham, leav- 
ing his club colleague, Colin 
Reitz, to set a steeplechase cop 
record of 8min 28-24sec. 

Miss Baptiste held off the 
season's sprint find. Paula 
Dunn, of Stretford, in the 200 
metres (23. ISsec) before anchor- 
ing Essex Ladies to victory in 
the sprint relay. Miss Dunn bad 
earlier set new figures in the 100 
metres of l!.39sec. Miss 
Gunnell's 13.40sec for the hur- 
dles was excellent on a slippery 
trade, holding back as tiie did 
the re-emerging Shirley Strong 


Davies sets 

By John Hennessy 

A brilliant challenge by Penny 
Grice- Whittaker brought the 
£20,000 Greater Manchester 
women's professional tour- 
nament to a thrilling dimax at 
Wigan on Saturday. Laura Da- 
vies had begun the day four 
strokes ahead and reached the 
turn in 34, one under par. Yet 
her lead had completely van- 
ished under Mrs Grice- 
Whittaker’s onslaught, whose 
five birdies owed nothing to 
chance or outrageous putts. 

They were still all-square after 
13 boles, when Miss Davies 
again went ahead. Her tee shot 
flicked the trees of the dog-leg 
14th, then, from a deep defl in 
the fairway she held a wedge to 
18 inches. 

Thereafter. Mrs Grice-Whit- 
laker rather lost her immaculate 
touch. She had to chip and putt 
for pars at the next two holes, 
but failed to do so for a birdie on 
the long 17th. 

Still one behind, Mrs Grice- 
Whittaker again missed the 
seen at the last and, with Miss 
Davies safely on in two, she 
went boldly for a chip-in eagle 
from 30 yards away. But the ball 
slipped through the green and 
she wound up with a six. Miss 
Davies, with a 68, four under 
par for the 5 .339-yards Haigh 
Hall municipal course, finished 
on 268, 20 under par. a 
Women's Pro fe ssional Golf 
Association record. Mrs Grice- 
Whinaker, with 67, was three 
strokes behind. 

The play-off among the II 
players who had recorded bird- 
ies at Ihe four long holes in any 
one round was won by Vanessa 
Marvin. The winner's prize was 
a Rover car worth £7,300, which 
dwarfed Miss Davies's prize of 

for a forward of his age (21). approximately £250,000. 
height (5ft 7fein) and weight Assuming that the dub’s experi- 
(1 1st). Cottee must have been 

Assuming that the dub’s experi- 
ence represents an average 6g- 

| 13 3 the only England player to ure, all 44 fust and second 
4 19 1 return elated from Stockholm, division dabs could follow suit 

“If Tm not on a high now, ! for £11 million. Of course, there 
never will be.” he said on is another price to be paid: the 
Saturday. For him. though, it loss of that indefinable quality, 
was different, the significance atmosphere. 

RaWi Rovers 
Stirfng Ate 


Ataon Rovers 
Ayr United 
Queen' s Park 
Snt Johnstone 
East Swing 


8 6 O 0 13 5 

6 3 3 0 11 4 

6 4 11 9 2 

6 3 2 1 8 3 

6 4 0 2 11 8 

6 3 1 2 7 9 

6 2 2 2 11 8 

6 2 1 3 6 9 

6 1 3 2 5 6 

6 1 2 3 5 10 

6 0 3 3 6 11 

6 0 3 3 5 10 

6114 8 16 
6 1 0 5 3 8 

Saturday, t-or nun. inougn, n 
was different, the significance 
being not so much England's 
defeat as the last half hour in 
which be had come on for Ins 

$•5 **5- 

r? Luton rarely produ 

On a pitch so strewn with one-touch football 

. T. T 7. j- j 1! It,.. 0mch*>i4 them 

Certainly there was little in 
this match. On a slippery pitch, 
Luton rarely produced the lively 
one-touch football which distin- 

I puddles that it did little to live gnished them tinder the 
6 uptoRangere' boast of being an manage ment of David Pleat. 
5 all-weather surface. Cottee The crowd was sometimes so 
I rammed in a free kick and quiet that die loudest voices m 


the ground wne the players 

McAvennie to put West Ham calling to each other. 

3 two up after only 10 minutes. It 
3 seemed to matter not that 
3 Cottee then narrowly missed 

Arsenal may have controlled 
the possession by their play 
around jhc penalty area, but 

area, but 

Hove AKtion 1. Tottenham 
CtateM 1, Portsmouth ft 
Quern* Park Runs 3; SuMtoJ*? 3. 
Bristol Row 1 ; Wittort 1 , M*n8 1: 

K? *• Anprataui 3; Wattwn 
Abbey 3. Edgwm Q. Urn* cup: Fkat 
inteK BeaconeSeM UNttoft Crown end 
unKM rww 1 ; ■. '■ ■ —if Manor ft HafMtefi 2, Neithwood 3; 

West Ham United t. Fulham i . Fow- -Soutfwaik Spars l, PenhB Standard 1 

Felixstowe Z Ctecan ft Gorteaon 1. » , . 


drybroughb northern LEAGUE: jo meet their Brazilian and 

Argentinian counterparts in an 
mt^uonti tour™«« to be 
moos 2 , Stockton 2 . staged ui the South of France 

nexl Ju "5- SeveraJ European 
SS , ft‘?5£^ir r tavc been invited 

to take part. 


1 1 

tl ? 


> aji a A 

New finalists 

As first reserves. South Korea 
wiD take the place of Taipei, 
who have withdrawn from the 
Dunhill Cup Final, the $lm 
golf championship at St 
Andrew's. Scotland, from 
September 25-28. Charles 
Chang, general secretary of the 
Republic of China Golf 
Association, says that as the 
British Government wio not 
allow their national flag to be 
flown in this 16-nations event, 
be "deems it impossible to 
send a team this year," ever 
though his golfers qualified. 

with a thunderous volley from a showed the same lade of 
corner taken by Keen, making a imagination as their nicknames, 
promising first appearance. Rick -oh (Rix) would pass the 



Britannic Assurance County 
Championship (11.0 to 6.30, 
1 10 overs minimum) 
CHELMSFORD: Essex v Glamorgan 

SOUTHAMPTON: Hampshire v Lan- 

CANTERBURY: Kent v Middlesex 
TRENT BRIDGE: Noitmghamshira V 

Yet in the face of a lively 
Rangers rally that enabled them 

ball io Nick-oh (Nicholas) who 
would pass it on to Quinn-oh 

to reduce the lead through a free (Quinn) who would pass it bade 
kick from James, West Ham to Ridt-oh and so on. 

must have rued that miss. Not 
until Cottee capitalized on more 
of McAvennie’s selfless industry 
in the eightieth minute to put 
West Ham 3-1 up did they 
appear to make the game safe 
but even then Rangers came 
back five minutes later with 
Byrne expertly rounding 
Watford to score a lovely goal. 
NelL I Dawes, M AHen. A McDonald. G 
Chvora. S Lee, R tanas, L Rasamor. J 

WEST MAM IMTED: P Parkas; R Staw- 
art. G Pants. A Gala, A Martin. BWMtonL 
K Keen. F McAwnnfe. A Dickens. A 
Cottee. NOrr 
Referee: B T Stevens. 

It was ad slightly unreal, 
rather like one of those existen- 
tialist novels in which nothing 
much ever seems to happen and 
even when it does it cannot be 
fitted into any kind of pattern. 
Arsenal supporters were fortu- 
nate to have been deprived of 
the speoade. 

UfTON TOWN: L SaefeK R Jt 

Grtim. P Fhcrtoto. S Foster. M 

R Hffl, B Stein. M New* R VWwn. 

^ k 

Sansom S YflKams. DO'Laary, A Adams, 
D Rocastla. P Davis, C Nietwtes, N Qutai 
fsub: P Groves! G RJx. 

RMbim: M L James. 


(7 JO unless stated) 

Fourth revision 

Stockport v Wolverhampton — 

mtnstor v Batin Nunaaton v Chattanham. 
v ta lo n : Stevenage v BaaMon. Second 
dhbion north: Vaudial Motors v 


LEAGUE: FlmdhMon: Booda V WritSy; 
Wfnsftxa v Eastwood Hantey. 

ara vSwfndon. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Second rfirtstotn 
Preston v Belton (7 JJ). 







Sale remain anonymous 
as Nottingham go in 
search of their identity 

Hampshire keep 
• up the style 


By David Hands 

Nottingham , 

m»i 16 


Nottingham were suf- 
ficiently far north to escape 
Saturday's driving rain; they 
also had sufficient wit about 
,them_to conjure two excellent 
tries m beating Sale by a goal, 
a Vy and two penalty goals to a 
penalty and a dropped goal in 
this John Smith's Merit Table 

For long periods, however, 
both clubs looked in search of 
the best game to suit then- 
diverse talents. At this singe in 
the season that may be forgiv- 
able but it was difficult not to 
feel that Nottingham, in 
particular, should have made 
more of their opportunities. 

In their defence they are 
putting together a new half- 
back combination, 

Hodgkinson has been restored 
to siand-off half (though the 
Midland division may still 
want him at full back), and 
Morgan is a newcomer from 
Moderns, the local club; he 
will face a challenge when 
Moon returns from Cam- 
bridge University's invitation 
lour of the Far East (where he 
scored two tries in the 52-3 
win over South Korea). 

Nottingham have a new 
fullback, too, m Byrom, who 
has joined them from 
Worksop and who did not put 
a hand or foot wrong all 
afternoon. His catching under 
intense pressure was superb 
and it was his supporting run 
which put Jones away for 
Nottingham's first try, giving 
them a lead they did not 

Hartley was another to im- 
press at centre — the cutting 
edge which Sale sadly lacked, 
hence presumably Fiuon's 
preoccupation with looking 
for the break himself which 
became so predictable dial 
Nottingham's bads row were 
waiting for him with open 
arms by the end. Nor were 
they disrupted by the loss, 
with a gashed eyebrow after a 
collision with Man tell, his 
captain, of Hughes which will 
put his out of tomorrow’s 
game with Northampton. 

Twice . in the first half 
Hartley slashed through Sale's 
midfield but blotted his copy- 
book the second time when he 
threw an appalling pass with 
two men free. He more than 
made, up for this by spinning 
and dummying his way 
through a cloud of Sale for- 
wards before sending Moore 
sprinting for the line from 30 

Many questions 
go unanswered 

By Nicholas Keith 




„ 3 

Unseasoned weather pre- 
vented this John Smith merit 
table match from realizing any- 
thing like its potential A large 
crowd waited patiently tn 
drenching ram and numbing 
cold for entertainment and 
enlightenment, but they were 
not forthcoming. Bath, who are 
marginally the better team, de- 
served victory by two penalties 
to one, and Leicester have not 
won at the Recreation Ground 
since 1979. 

However, key individual 
questions were not answered: 
underwood v Trick on the 
wing. Halliday v Dodge at 
centre and Simpson v Richards 
at No 8 all ended unresolved. 
Although there were 11 inter- 
national backs at the start, they 
had few opportunities in a game 
dominated by mauls and driv- 
ing forward play. 

The outstanding player on 
either side was Robinson, Bath's 
flanker and captain of the 
Loughborough tide which won 
the UAU championship last 
season. Although not a particu- 
larly big man, Robinson is last, 
strong and apparently ubiq- 
uitous. His speed in support and 
to the loose ball combined with 
the solidity of Hall, allowed 
Simpson to show his paces going 
forward: yet Richards in a more 
defensive role was not outshone. 
Cronin also looks a useful 
discovery in the lineout, where 
Bath have not been strong. 

A sickening injury to Palmer, 
the Bath captain last season, at 
the end of the first half also cast 
a shadow. Palmer lay un- 
conscious In a corner after 
denying a try to Youngs and the 
game was halted for 16 minutes 
while an ambulance was called 

JBCESTER: W Here; B Evans. P Dodge, 
r Buttmtore. R Underwood; L Cuswortii 
captut), N Youngs: S Redfem. C 
master, W Richardson. J Write. M 
^buKas-AmoM. J Dendsoo. | Smth. O 

Referee L H Piltteaux (Cornwall 

Orrell pack power 

By Gordon Allan 

London Scottish— 

Orreirs game plan succeeded 
at Richmond on Saturday. Play- 
ing into the wind and min in toe 

first half they devoted them- 
selves to containment. In the 
second, they used their big pack 
and the big boot of Robert and 
Ainscough, their half backs, to 
translate pressure into winning 

They beat London Scottish in 
this John Smith's Merit Table A 
match by a try and two penalty 
goals to a goal and a penalty. 
Scottish led 9-3 at the interval 
but it was plain that this might 
not be enough in the conditions. 

On a dry day there could have 
been a different result - how 
different depends on where your 
allegiance lies. Scottish won a 
foir amount of the ball despite 
the sue of the opposition, but 
failed to stop Orrell spending 
most of the second hair going 
forward like a swarm of giant 
bees in their black and yellow 
stripes. Orrell's territorial 
advantage when they had the 
weather to help tjhcm was 
significantly greater than when 
the Scots had it. 

Mitchell kicked a penalty for 
Scottish and Langford replied 

with one for Orrell a minute 
later. Beazley scored the Scot- 
tish uy when, from a scram, a 
kick to the corner by Mitchell 
caught the Orrell defence too for 
forward. Mitchell converted 
from a long way oul 
O rrell scored their try ten 
minutes after the break. 
Ainscough hit a post with a 
penalty kick, the ball was de- 
flected into touch at the comer, 
and from the lineout Cleary got 
his hand to it in a muddle over 
the Scottish (ine. 

With a fine kick., Ainscough 
curled in the derisive penalty 
from the left louchline. leaving 
twenty minutes for abortive 
attempts to add to the scoring. 
These included an Ainscough 
drop, a Langford penalty, a 
midfield break by Renwick and. 
in the last minute of injury time, 
a Mitchell penalty that was close 
enough to make Orrell gulp. 

SCORERS: London ScotttelK Try: 
BowJw. Conversion: MrtchoU- Penalty: 
Mrtchafl Om* Try Cteary. Panamese 
Langtonl Aaweough. 

LONDON SCOTTISH: L Batten. J Etoaday. 
0 Casino. L Renweek. S waiters, a 
M echel A Gushing, N Wan*, i iWLJRgd. 
D Tosh, J CemRtjjMJwnarton. A Rhodes, 
A Manual. J MaStei (capt). 

ORRELL: S LantfOfU MWJ.. P Heart . D 
Fed. J Cartetoarwdwssan. G Avwcou gn. 
S Roberts, K Fletche r. N B fcften, D 
Southern. D Cleary, R Karowns. D Cusar*. 
P Bockton. J Huxley. 

Rafeoee R Oumanton (London). 


LmoMW i Coventry 10. Gloucester 
i uS Soman 0. Onril i& Hotting- 

m Cula ft, 

SHIT TABLE "H": BMHJ ft London 
h fca«lom3 ( UrtrpoolS Hetortl 1ft 
r te ens 10. London Welsh 7. 

UmtR 18. Atwrwon 0 ; Metros* Z*. 
Harrogate 9; Neath 24. CenSfl 7; Newport 
13. BrSnl a Northern 9, He rts's FP 2 7; 
fkmeaton2ft end Bltft Pwnance3. 
Plymouth 26: Pontypool 21. EbbwVrieA; 
" — 

MtjTOOQMOn PQMH 4. oCwTl a. 

Ltsa Bellinger, who reached 
he European semi-finals with a 
cries of brilliant performances 
n Prague in April started the 
iew table tennis season by 
vtnning another liile at 
Jleichley yesterday . The 
Unstable teenager won the 
Ulied Dunbar Milton 
inder-21 open championship _W 
Rating Surrey’s Jane Barelia 21- 
18. 21-9 in die final. 

The left-arm spinner John 
Childs and middle order bats- 
man Alan Lifley were both 
awarded their county caps by 
champions Essex before the 
start of Saturday's match against 
Glamorgan at Chelmsford. 
Childs . who joined the county 
two years ago from Gloucester- 
shire . has taken 89 wickets this 
season m helping Essex lift their 
third title in four years. 

to the scene. Fortunately it 
proved that Palmer suffered 
heavy bruising to the neck but 
no break. 

Bath missed his goal-kicking 
in the second half when his 
replacement. Janes, and Cue 
foiled with five penalty attempts 
between them; apparently 
Barnes has the equivalent of the 
golfer's twitch. Hare also feu 
short with two for Leicester, bat 
from more difficult range, and 
bis penalty just after the interval 
was the only score in the second 

If this was not a great 
advertisement for Leagues, it 
did justify the old equation that 
poor conditions plus two well- 
matched teams equal caution 
and stalemate. Any doubts 
about Bath's ten-man methods 
are not shared by Hill the 
captain, who believes in win- 
ning. Yet it was frustrating that 
so little was seen of Bath's fine 
backs, and their rare sorties 
usually broke down through 

Ironically. Palmer spumed 
the best chance of a try in the 
opening minutes when he ig- 
nored a double overlap on the 
left. In the second half Bath tried 
only one zhreequancr move- 
ment. but there was a knock-on 
before the ball reached Trick, 
the same old story for this 
speedy winger who was making 
a surprise return. 

SCORERS: Bath: Penalties: Primer 2. 
Latantar. Puratty: Ham. 

3ATH: P Cue: D Trick. J Pafroer (replacfi- 
rem. A Janes). S HaJSday, A Swift: S 

Sale woe somewhat anony- 
mous. Kenrick kept going well 
but tended to become isolated 
and Simpson win be happy to 
have ended level in the hook- 
ing duel despite the difficulties 
under which his props were* 

Nottingham led 9-3 at half- 
time, a certain frustration 
creeping into their play as they 
conceded more than three 
times the number of penalties 
awarded against Sate. They 
looked uncertain of what they 
were doing wrong and, in a 
game where the laws should 
suit their upright style of play. 

I have some sympathy for 
them. Nevertheless 
Hodgkinson banged over the 
only two penalty chances be 
had to open and dose their 

SCORERS: Na UJmjMH l — Trie*: 
Jones, Moore. Conversion: 
Hodgkinson. Penalty goals: 
Hodgtatson 0. Sale - Penalty 
goaf Jenion. Dropped gosfc Egan. 
NOTTINGHAM: R Byrom; R Netson- 
WUams. M Northard, 6 Hartley, C 
Jones: S Hodgkinson, P Morgan: M 
Grindle, B Moore. A Shepherd, P 
Cook, C Gray. N MarteU , G Rees, S 
Hughes (rep: P Thomtey). 

SALS G Jenion: H Thomas, T 
Oidton, P Stansfield. H Benjamin; A 
Egan. H Fitton; D Butcher, * 
Simpson. M Catery, S Tipping, I 
McKJeT l BuHougt). I Ginns, M 

Referee: G James (Leicestershire). 

by Ulster 

By Ian McLanchlan 

Resolute Scottish defence and 
over-elaboration on their 
opponents' line cost Ulster 
dearly as they fell by 21 points to 
20 to the South of Scotland at 
Riverside Park. Jedburgh. 

The Sooth started well with 
two incisive runs by Dods 
causing the visitors a problem. 
Paxton and Tukalo scored tries 
at 16 and 32 minutes respec- 
tively. the latter from an Ulster 
heel plundered by LaicHaw. Both 
were converted by Dods. 
Brown, the visiting out-half; 
replied with two penalties to 
make the half-time score 12-6 in 
favour of the home team. 

After the break, however, the 
Ulster forwards stepped up a 
gear and put the opposition 
under fierce pressure in every 
phase of the game. In only two 
minutes, lrwm broke to give 
Crossan a try. Dods and Rainey 
exchanged penalties before 
Crossan again touched down, 
following up a Duncan charge 
down from a good Ulster scrum- , 
mage drive. 

Rainey then kicked a mon- 
strous penalty from about a 
metre inside his own half to take 
Ulster five points clear. The 
South, however, rallied; Paxum ! 
drove off a short penalty. Deans 
supported, Laidlaw fed Ker who 
danced neatly through the 
remaining defence and just 
made the line. Dods then eased 
his side to victory. 

After the match the South 
selectors finalized their team to 
face Japan on Wednesday and in 
spite of being badly oui-ptayed 
up front have only made one 
change in personnel in the pack. 
There are also two positional 
changes. Campbell is dropped, 
Iain Paxton moves from num- 
ber eight to lock, Jeffrey be- 
comes number eight and Eric 
Paxton, the Kelso flanker, 
comes in. 

It must be said that while 
Campbell is unfortunate to lose 
his place it is equally mysterious 
that Derek White, the Gala back 
row man, cannot find a place in 
this team. 

SOUTH Japan): P 

Murray (HawSj. K w Robertson (Met- 
raa* G R T Baird (Kabo). A 8 M Kar 
fKatao). R J LricSmr (Jed-Forest). K 

&*»w{j®tf«r«sy. ct5«u« Qbgag. 

R F Curmnatiam (Gate, captain), T J SmHh 
(Gala). I A M Paxton (SeBdrtt). DJ Ttanbul 
(Hawick). J Jeffrey (KateoJ. E P Paxton 
iKetsoV B e p te Lw nte: G CaSander 
fcaboh R Mod (HswtchX D B White 
(Gala). G Otarer (tWh). O SWal (Met- 
rose), ATattfKebo)- 

Gosforth join 
the mighty 
who are fallen 

By Michael Stevenson 

Liverpool St Helens continue 
to thrive, their latest victory 
coming against onoe-mighiy 
Gosforth. who they visited on 

Hampshire underlined their 
third John Player tide with a 
comfortable victory by eight 
wickets against Lancashire at 
Southampton, yesterday. Set to 
make 145to win. Terry made 63 
not out and Robin Smith 39 not 
out. Nicholas had promised 
there would be no holding back, 
nor was there, with Hampshire 
going out as Nicholas had 
hoped, in style with 50 points. 
Put in to bat, Lancashire had 
soon lost Varey and Meadis to 
James, who was to take four for 
23 in his half dozen overs, but 
O'Shaughnessy successfully at- 
tacked the bowling, and he had 
done well to make 51 before . 
felling to Connor's catch off 

At T rent Bridge, 

Nottinghamshire's victory 
against Northamptonshire, 
i whom they beat by seven wick- 
ets with 1 5 balls to spare, takes 

By Peter Marson 

ed their them into third place in the 
: with a league. Having been invited to 
jy eight bat. Northamptonshire made a 
shire at promising start in- which 
y. Set to Larkins, who went on to make 
made 6 3 46. and Bailey (30) put on 64 for 
h 39 not ibe first wicket. Capd made 27. 
ramised but when be fell to Saxeiby the 

ngback, innings rather moved the way of 

mpshire the bowlers, and in particular 
las had Rice, who took /our for 33. 

Sirrey’s victory against 
Leicestershire, whom they beat 
by two wickets had much to do 
with Tony Gray’s four for 21, 
SSy at- besl performance u> the 

league, as Leicestershire made 
123 for eight in 37 overe. 

There had been a tight finish 
at Edgbaston where Sussex beat 
vyarwfckshbe by 15 runs. 
Sussex's innings had turned on 
Parker's 51. Imran's 89, and 
their stand of 1 17 for the third 
wicket on the way to 2 1 6 for six. 

Gonzalez in overdrive in New York: next stop, Spain. 

Speedy Gonzalez 

Surrey vLeics 

by 8 


L Potter cSWCTtb Gtey .4 LANCASHIRE 

T j- gP° ri - &G f q y •■?■ ■ ■ ■■ n rrrz G □ MereSacConnorb James 7 

J jyy* tak g r . ? D W varey c Tramten b James 3 

5 J CyShaughneasy c Connorb 

Maynard c and bTrwntoa S 

R A r Pp bb yP&irz; > i M Watkinsan C Grettridga b Cowley — .2 

Exftas(tb3.nt>4) — _ J_ AN HayhurstcCSmithb James 19 

Total (Swkts. 37 overs) 1Z3 OJ MakinsoncR Sratmb Jamw 9 

encounter as both sides kicked a 
good deal from halfback. 

Things have cha n ged dras- 
tically since the days when 
Gosforth possessed the most 
powerful dub pack in England, 
and on Saturday iheir promising 
backs were starved oT 

All tiw points came in the first 
Half, through a try by the 
bustling Mark Hale, a drop goal 
by lan Jeffrey, who is coming 
back towards his best form at 
stand-off halfand a penalty 
from Nick Simms, who also 
converted Hale's try. David 
Johnson opened the scoring 
with a penalty for Gosforth. 

Broughton Park made several 
changes for ibeir Northern 
Merit match at Wakefield and 
did well to hold them for most 
of the game, losing by two goals 
to two tries and three p e n alties 

Park led at half-time through 
a try by Steve Parrott converted 
bv Kevin O'Brien, to Simon 
Cowling's early penally, but the 
speed and dash of Wakefield’s 
England wing. Mike Harrison, 
who scored two superb tries, 
with Cowling adding two more 
penalties, saw them safely 
home. Clive Morgan scored for 
Park in injury time, with '■ 
O'Brien again converting. 

Jos6 Lbs Gonzalez wen the 
Fifth Averae Mile in New York 
on Saturday, bis 3 minotes 53J2 
seconds bring too fast for John 
Walker (3*4.13) and Jose 
Abascal (3:5449), and then flew 
straight home to Spain to race 
another dty street vdle In 

Jet lag and Store Ovett 
intervened, however, the Briton 
winning in 4 minutes 1.10 

seconds from Peter Elliot 
(401.51). also of Britain, with 
Gonzales foiling to eighth. 

Ia the women's Fifth A venae 
race. Markka Pntea, of Roma- 
nia, set a record of 4 m inu tes ; 
19.48 seconds, the reamiliolder, 
Britain's Wendy Sly (4 32JS6), , 
retiring after being tripped- I 
Yvonne Murray, of Scottiad, j 
placed third with 422.70. 


Lucases lead way 

By John Watson 

The final of the Fiat Challenge 
Trophy for the open section of 
the Guards Club's autumn tour- 
nament was decided at Windsor 
Great Park yesterday, and saw 
some of the best team work and 
spectacular stick play witnessed 
on English grounds this season. 
Lord Milford Haven's Brent 
Walker defeated Rackenfoid 
Park over four ebukkas by seven 
goals to five. 

The presence of Brent 
Walker's Lucas brothers, de- 
ployed opposite their aunt, 
Claire Tomlinson, who was 
RadeenfonPs No 3, added 
considerable interest to this fost 
and open dueL The empathy 
between the New Zealand COdy 
Forsyth and the Lucases was 
Brent Walker's winning factor. 
In particular William Lucas, 
who contributed four goals, 
looked appreciably above his 
four rating. The scoreboard said 
6-3 wben the last cfaukka opened 
bat Brent Walker’s advantage 
was reduced try two fine penalty 
conversions . from Howard 
Hipwood's mallei. 


The second set-to. which was 
for the Hat handicap trophy, 
was won by John Yeoman's 
side, Southfield, with a 4-3 
victory against the Centaurs, 
who started two up on handicap. 
Whereas Southfield deployed a 
nicely balanced squad, strongly 
centred on Alan Kent and 
Martin Glue, the Centaurs 
fielded two gladiat or*. Paul 
Withers and Patrick 
Churchward, and two tyros. 
Very jealous marking and a 

Surrey vLeics 

THE 1 OVAL: Surmy (4pts) beat LaicostBr- 
s/mbyimo mfcfa ate 


L Power c Stewart b Gray ..— 4 

TJ Boon a Gray 39 

jJWMaherc Lynch bBtctoMH 16 

pWBtoycBfcfcnalb Button 0 

P WwtK».9 c Lynch b Thomas 19 

P Boaflarc lynch P Grey- IB 

P A J DeFruifes nm out IS 

WKR BonterWn c Rjchaerts b Gray — * 

R A Cobb not oul - - < 

Extras (to 3, i*)4) 7 

Total (Swkts, 37 ovare) 123 

L TtonnanL L B Tayktr dU Wt tat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10. MT. 3-37. 4- 
71. 5-100. 6-105, 7-121, 8-123. 

Bowing: Gray 8-021-4;^ Thomas 7-1^ -22-1 : 
Bfckne* 7-0-21-1: BuBoi 8-2-24-1; W- 
tham 0-030-0: Josty 1-0*0. 


G S CSnton c Benjamin bTqtar 18 

M A Lynch ran out — - — — 29 

TEJsstycWhUicaseb Benjamin — 0 

C J Richards b DaFnatss 30 

A J Stewart cWhlttcaBabDeFteitas - t 

DMWaidbWnay 10 

D J Thomas b Tennant — 4 

MAFMtaRinotout 11 

AH Gray GftTtfflrb Deflates 5 

CKBuOennotaut - 1 

Extras ( 8. w6) — — .... IS 

Tow (Meta, 35 l 3 a*wg) 124 


FALL OF WICKETS 1-43. 2-43. 3-84. 4- 

85. 586, 6-104.7-108. 8-121 

BOWLING: Tutor 7-1-27-1; Tennant 6-0- 

32-1; OeFretas 8-2-15-3: BeiMn 8-0- 

20*1: WBay 6^0-21-1 

Umphra: J H HanxaMra and J A Jamason 

Warwicks v Sussex 

Sussex (4pt3)bt WMi wk* s by IS ruts. 

J Simmons not out — 

A J Murphy not out 

Baras (Q- 3, fa 10. w 4) . 
Total (9 whts. 30 ovors) 

great deal of whistle deprived 
the game of fluency. On too 
many occasions the play was 
reduced to furious battles be-’ 
tween Ken land Withers. Never- 
theless this was a splendid 
afternoon to end the season. 

BRENT WALXBfc- 1 . Lord MHord Hawn 
| 1 ^W Luen (4E3.C»tor»yfa(B; BadtJ 

RACKENFOnn FVIIK: 1 , M Mok» (IJsS, 

G WMdtogton (% 3. Mrs CToniroon 
Back H rapwooaffl. 

SOUTHF^LD: 1,4 Yeoman ( 1 ): 2. MGIue 

AM Green e Humpegs b SmaO 3 

A P Wete b Sn*m__ — 11 

PWGPsrtarcFterakab Thome — 51 
bmnKhancAettbGHfORl 89 

cMWtfsfawbSmm — ; to 

ACSPlgott runout 13 

G S le Roux not out __________ 12 

C P FtiiBpsan not out ■■ 16 

' Extras {S>2w5nb^ 11 

Total (8 wkta. 40 overs] 218 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-t& 222. 3-139.4- 
172, 5-173. 6-1 9a 

MPSpetfiLDA Reave. AN Jones dU not 

BOWLtfKfc SmaB &.1-46-2; Sm»i B4W8- 
1: Ferreira 8-0380; GWonj 8-1-37-1; 
Munton 80-47-0: Thome 4-0-18-1. 

A J Motes barb Wats 2 

PASnaMibwbWels 10 

A I K a Si dmran c green b inaan — _ 44 
DLAmteafawbngotl 34 

-tOffiplej runout, 

NG BCookbRftre 2 

— f 

DJIMdbRice 13 

Extras (b 6. l-b 10, w9) 2S 

Total (9 wkts. 40 owns) 174 

A WaSur did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-64. 2-88. 3-106. 4- 
138. 5-1 S3. 6-168, 7-17U 8-172. 8-174. 
BOWLING: Cooper 84-180: Hadtae 80- 
24-1; Pk* 54K40: Saxafty 80040; 
Fraser-Darttng 3-0-27-1; Rice 8-0-33-4. 

BC Breed c Hamer bMalender 25 

RTRObtosancLteldrnb Walter — 20 
tPJahraoncNGBCookbMailendar 78 

•CEBBtonotout 38 

DW Randal nototft 10 ' 

■ Extras (St, Hi 4, wl) B 

Total (3 vrtds, 37 J owors) 178 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-34, 2-73, 3-181. 

J 0 Blcn. R J Hadtoe. 0 RaaerPtef ng. R 
APfcK, K E Cooper, KSnafay dW not tat 
BOWLING: Mawidar 80-28-2: Cape! 8- 
044-0, N G B Cook 5004-0, WaSor 73- 
0-36-1, Harper 80-35-0, Wild 1-040. 


100 l ea n — :1 
Imoh (MgodaL 10 . 1 i: 

10.16. aranMMK 1.0 
McKay |USL 45-5B: 3, A Oa Ba 
aOOmtarcl. J-LBarUonJBr 
0 KhaHatSudial 1M4.75: 4 J 
1:45.10. 2000 mme 1, J KarfuH 
504.71; 2. S An (BJ. &05.12: S. M 
Gorate JMwk foKMIm] i. M 

-60m. Shot Rut 1. A 

Andrei ill). 20. 68m: Z. JBramwr 
3. B OUWd (USL IBjBSm, 



1MRD TEST pnrintfam): Ybang Lions 78. 

ton 28 Swtndon v 

Lynq v lUdortM. poRponad. 



GWHumpageibwb Imran 0 

Astf cParaaro Imran . ss 

AMFteiterabPigoK — .. — 28 

0 A Thome not out ... 18 

GCSmal bPtaott 6- 

T A Mlaaon not out — ■ — 5 

Extras ( IS. 28 

Total (Swkts. 40 wtts| -201 

FALL OF WICKETS: Ml. 244, 505. 4- 
96, 5-107. 6-158. 7-171, 8-tBO. 

BOWUNG: C M Wefts 7-0-23-2: Le Roux 
80-180: Reeve 6-1-Z80: Jones 50-190; 
Ptgott 80-48-3: Imran 80-450, 

Umpaes: C Ooofc end R Julan 


seconds; & M Omrtd (Rofc 28S7; 3. P Boyar 

VALUER: Tour at C i l iliia a r Fowto «N 
(105 mites. Soriona to VMtw: SpaMhUteM 
sated): i. J Fernandez. 4hre 48mm 48aac 2. 
(M). at ifisac 3. p ONgado, am 
AFuertAm I8ae& 

Tonrol Avenic TIM 

^4PXibj a^R lc 

9. K BarfSi (USSR); 10. A OwmI (US), N 
same lime. Fowm aaga: 

TIME TRIALS: Bowae m o u Bi JfaUee (100 


Patncre 14; Haworth 28. 

Rax 24, MftfoRl 14; West Hul 16. MDon & 



P%m|UB|^0^M Mareao(t0.5a38m: 

CWMBRAN; QtaenSea RMI Exdwnge 
Metre Gate Cm Hnet W»0 MomaB l.Ts 

Fell (Newham and Essex Beagtas]. iSnfci 
58.48sec. 3JMOm meeptec Jiam E 1. C Hate 

(Newham and bees 

WNte Sox 3. CWBwrta Anmrts fa Seaffle 
Manners 4. Kansas C» Rot* z; «*walMe 
Brewers 4. Toronto Bbe Jays 1 ; tewaas 
Twins 4, Texas Rangera 2 . Sataeday: Texas 
Rangers 14. Mmnasota TWw i: DeftoH 
TMrs 7. BaMnoni (Milas fa Cteueland 

biSm 6 . OaWand MhMUcs r - 

Yankees 11 . Bosm Rad Sm 

6832 otei Z V UawiW* 
BTSJk fa A eongor fe* «T«L TWanra 1, 
[w orld record): 2. E Gennany. 


■MtoCon). iso. MSK 

team mrant 1. Czscbosiav8Ma.H 
440; 3. SoWet Union. 439. Sma^xnw 
H Peiar IWGl 388: 2. M Salma (CiL 388: 3. H 

■AM386. OOmr. 6 equaL M 




Royals 5, l 

Lrigac Fridey: 
d 4 a FMtoe ft. I 

l Bre we rs 1 : Cattxnte 
WMa Sox 2. NataM 
Jwd Laegaa: Ptwadei- 
■ York Mats 3; CUoago 

I S eSS n and Essex Beantea, 875: 5, 
arcnUWd. 81. & Bladtfieam. fei: 7. 7hames 
VaBay Kamare. 6 $; B. Sale. B05. Plata: 1 . 
Coventry. 118; 2. Smfce. Ufa 3, London Wan. 
100 ; 4. Bournemouth gfa 5. Lubum. 8 & 6 , 
Oouceswr. 86 : 7. SMMlon: 71 : & Mtedtee- 

Brawaa 2. Sawdsy: Cmcmnab Heds 

i^£3SSSSr&SS.SSt il 

York Mats & Montreal Expos 5. Si Lous 

Cansra* 1 : Sm — * **“■* 

Astros 3. 

^■48sec: Texan: Central 
^WMtCheteWnTTCA (JSnWMk 1. Q 
■m (Bnkenhe&m 53n*i 44oec Teaec 
BHumhette. 2M800: Wgd br j Karahew 
(Prascoa 155.40. See Mr Hi m ETteto 
n*»M. P NanXKHIteraMtetoM 
Teem: San Faky ArnH 
C*C RS 1. G Ktasallte 

03sec Team: WgmickalBiiH 
Corinksn CC PS nWes): 1. G Wooctarwd 
(BraF »4 wh OOaec: Team: OorMum 
Hz7. So«a, weal Leaden Combtee 
(25 miett 1. S K >«1 (Oaronoe l OI OI; 
Teem: Qanenca WH. in 1.04. T»t» RC C25 

Otago Padres 4, Houston 


nataa£ 1 . U McVUta (Bmanixy) 55mn 
OGsec Tone Bamssbwy CC 3M2T. Md 
Devon DC (25 ntaasfc 1 . P Wncen: . c ;«,nsO(pta) 
55 rafei iSaec Teem: Mid Oaron RC. North 
MhSeads CF noo mtoap 1 , w Handle 


i m.9-1 

THrd place: P Kenyon (Eng) tt H Thome 
8 A 8-7. 9-5. Wome n's M LSoudar 
9-2. 83. Sfa TIM 
L Sack Hul (Stag) bt B Hoogandom 
.M, 9-7. 9-1.^^ 

Open M amwno nt Sao*- 

finaU: R Hi (Ausl b] Hestiani Oi Allar — “ 

9-0. 9-4. 4-9. 9-4; R Own (Big) toP 
(EngL 9-0. 5-9. 92. 6^9. 9-3. 

LEEtefc west rortaUtaette en: Mo n : RBtans 
MS Merlin. 4-9. 9^. 52. 9-5. 9-4. W o m e n ; C 
Faarntay te L WMshmr. 7-9. S4L 9-3, 8-7. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-16, 3-24. 4- 
62. 5-72, 8-76. 7-120. 8129, 9-188. 
BOWUNG: James 6-1-23-4: Bakker 80- 
20-0: Connor 8028-1: Trwntatt 81-382: 
COwtay 6-0-30-2. 


CGGraenidgebWstkinsan 27 

V P Terry not out . — 63 

R A Smith c Watkinson b Morphy 39 

*M CJ Mehoksnotout S 

Extras (fa 10, w 3. ifal) J4 

Toto (2 wkts, 254 overs) 146 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-44, 2-132- 
C L Smith, K D James. N G Ocwtay, T M 
Tremtett Ifl J Parks, P J Bakker and C A 
Connor dto not bat 

BOWUNG: MaMnson 3-0-10-0; Murphy 8 
033-1 : WatWnsoo 4^4-0-25-1 ; Hnhurst 8 - 
0-30-0; Simmons 3-0-20-0; 
(TShaughnessy 3-0-20-0. 

Umpires: K E Palmer and R A Hfftfte 

Notts y Northants 


NoUn gha m sh ta ft pts) wonty7 metets 
WLmMnsc Robinson b Hadtae 46 

RJ^^Mossc Johnson bWw_. 11 

OJCapelcRfctabSaxflliv Z7 

R A Harper e Johnson brace 11 

*G Cook b Saxeiby — 7 

hold firm 

tvSen Sadanand. V K35®8 
captain of the Indian Undw-25 
Sm, and Azim Khaa yesterday 
dashed the Australians 
a victory before the _ first Tfcst 


not oul) saved ^ the 1 5 a>! „K ter i!SS 
medium-paixd Wa1 ^. . ^ 
taken three wickets after 
to leave foe Indians at 150 for 
seven in theirsecond mnmg& « 
nos ahead. Waugh, took four 

wickets in the inn ings. 

JNZXA UfaJEB-25 XL F*s1 tarwigs 232 (N 

s s ““ QS SSESSSr r ^ 

A Shanra C Boon b McDermott 17 

Althannotom -*75 

B Afun not out ir 

Extras (b l.fa 6 . 1 * a wl)- ^11 

Tote) (6 WW3) — 2® 

RP Singh did not bst 
FALL OF WICKET& t-52.2^8, 8104, 8 
111.5-138, 81». 7-150 8-258- _ . 

BOWUNG: McDemwtt 984j9* 
6-1-44-0; G»«rt 15^43-1: 21-S- 

71-4; Bright 81-280: Jon rol-TO -l . 

AustrahsME Orel Imteigs 
DC Boone and b Singh 

G R Marsh faw ™ 

MR J Wteettac Vtawanath b Anm — » 

DM JoneabMan — « 

GMffitohtebSharma “ 

G C Dyer e PoonwSte bShama -—--61 


O R GcbarT not not — ; -if 

5 P Dm4s not out 

Extras (b 4, fa 12. nb 12) ^ 

Total (8 urtets dec) 

180481; Shafma 33-21-2: Uudkavt 9-2- 



Cumberland lifted their fort 
major honour when they be- 
came the 1986 Minor Counties 
cham pions with a two-wicket 
victory over Oxfordshire rt 
Worcester yesterday (Michael 
Berry writes). In a match ex- 
tended over two days because of 
the intervention of rain on 
Saturday, they dismissed 
Oxfordshire for 166 and then 
got home on 169 for 8 with just 
one ball to spare. 

SCORES: Oxfordshire 166 (543 ovors U 

Hodgson 57 PJ Gamer 3 tor 23) 

for Notts 

Nottin gh amshire and North- 
amptonshire had the best of 
what generally had been a poor 
cricketing day on Saturday, 
when the County Champion- 
ship squelched into the last 
round ofmatches^af which two, 

those between Hampshire and 
Lancashire at Southampton and 
Somerset and Derbyshire at 
Taunton, foiled to make a start 
That win have been irksome 
for Hampshire, to whom bonus 
points and 16 more from a 
victory could bring a substantial 
financial reward. 


MOSCOW: SotaatCwnnKtta m yw al gtodW- 
■kxc 1 . YZatawwrich (USSR). 445kg (wortd 


PRAGUE: W o rn — '* world rt w m plo ni W 
ffoteCMte tOte 1 ( 186. tMTTo-iSiu. 

Bnuta. Sonet Union 0 n5-&188ll5-l0}. 

3 S Korea o 


3. United States 81 036-1319. 1815. 15 . 
m 11 th plaea pteMft Czochostowteda 3 , 

Bulgaria 1 (12-15. 1540.1311. 189). 


ontadps: Sawaaft Raom 1 . J 
ScOcmonn (EQ): fa D Cixtta 
_ 32. w Handoraon: 35, 

. Fort OwKtefc 1 . KostaM . 

Cwtta. 7DA 3, Sctximann. u . ww 

300: 82. T Fort. 347. 



Cup ante 1. aaortocr: Metro, 29601b: fa 
SLeWa. 278: 3 Norwich PerSSTOT: ^ 
ta KlWWf*. 238; 5. Po rtai ix x gft 

Coattned Crow page 31 


T27 404*. BnMxl BETTY 

BLUE 1 I 81 2.00 inoCSutu. 4 VB. 

4J& 83S AO nan nookBfata. 
incaxna square theatbe 
930 5282 CEnOi/930 7616 iS+ 
hr ArrfWjta/ AmEx Book 
Inesl TARGET MOl'Scp prone 
tun y zaoaaooas. AB progt 

hookaWr In amntr. 

'PCI Film al 1.00 5ao 6.00 
8 AS 

US) DaHyj 3X1 SO TO 9a 
Lair Shaun FIT A SM 11. IS PM 
HtUrhxH. humane. MeMy 
arnciAaw moiw tobunro 

7(071 MONA USA (iB) Sep 
oraas Daily 7.15600 5.40. AH 

v* ooohaur in amaper. Ac 
'« ita visa Mepnone 
booUnp wennw. 

team WAH8U AWCH .72 j 
SOU» AUtW US) Svp proas 
Doors oom Dopy i.ij 4jo 
800. fMurrt. priCH (or Sta 
Bcw cant haldm. ubco 
HUkten. DAP's. 


1930 mill Info no 4250 / 

4^9 ALANS naistvmn 

Doan own Daly 1.00 4 16 

■ ijs 

Py?... u All aron 

ft sov-ncfc avail 
{•“.y*' lAttfis/ visa/ 
AmEx) 930 Z3S3/a$Z !»;. 
-S4 hour imite. KZ-BO rats 
a\atUUe Mon day 

rt»om BST B4Q2 opp. bums, 
1 Dnivs Arc and*s, TBF OCCLME 

846 Fl>n * 216 **»» 
S Vbronrr* Itr« nn-m. . 111 ! 

fwwiHiiinimiiv™ w,llt ' 
* f * rni ***■ nniroi tt.,,'; 

maai on mjauii M- a: 

226 3020 THECQLORmS! 

Gan you always get your copy of The Time s? 

Dear Newsagent please deliver/sav C me a copy ofThe Times 





Today’s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalle 


: 'N>i 




8^0 Ceefax AM. 



.regtona) news, weather 
• andtrafflc at 6.57, 7.27, 
7£7 »id ga?. national and 
«^natona^ news at 7M, 
7^0,8JM t 8w30andW». 
sport at 7.20 and &20: and 
a review of the morning 

newspapers at B^7. Plus, 

Nick Ross at the SDP 
Conference in Harrogate, 
and State BteckneBwth 

a* &* 8 asssassr- 

CBbates on energy, 
presentation, and the 
SOP’S Parliamentary 
report, are Included on the 


10J50 SOP Conference 1986. 
Further coverage of the 

debates In Harrogate and 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Jayne trvftig 
and Mice Monte. News 
with Gordon Honeycombs 
at &30, 74)0, 7.30,84)0, 
&30 and &0Q; financial 
news at &3S; sport at !L40 
and 7.40; exercises at 
655: cartoon at 7JZS; pop 
music at 755; and Jiaimy 
Greaves's television 

Nine guests are Anna 
Raeburn. taJfdra about her 
book on Joan Crawford; 
and chad-cans expert 
Penelope Leach on baby's 
first six months. 

V*)e, UK 

, 1 " i N 

' threaten" 

tit 11 % 

> ' ■; 

. 1 

’ 1 *\ 

’ *• . v-. 

leader of the Libera! Party, 
David Steel. 

1250 Ceefax. 

1-00 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 
Carpenter, includes news 
- headlines with subtitles. 
155 Regional news and 
weather. 150Postman 
Pat. (r) 1.45 Ceefax. 

ZOO SDP Conference 1986. 

The debates on women's 
policy and the Aifianoe's 
Partnership for Progress' 
352 Regional news 

355 Pie in the Sky. The first of 
a new series about the 
proprietors of a pie shop 
who are given an unusual 
order by a visitor from 
outer space. 4.10 Wizbft 
presented by Paul Daniels. 
Anew series. 

420 TheMysterious Cities of 
Gold. Animated series 
about two young people's 
search for lost cities in 
South America 445 Beat 
the Teacher. Paul Jones 
wtth another round of the 
pupils v teachers quiz. 

5.00 John Craven's 

Newsround 555 Blue 

- Peter. Peter Duncan tests 
the new 600 metres canoe 
slalom course, tfie most 
advanced in the word, - 
opened at the weekend by 
Princess Anne at the 
National Water Sports 
Centre in Notting ham . 

With advice from the world 
champion, Richard Fox. 

555 The FBntatones. Cartoon 
series about a modem 
Stone Age family. 

640 News wfth Sue Cawley and 

- PMfip Hayton. Weather. 

655 London Phis. 

740 WoganwtthZsaZsa 
Gabor, Joseph Heller, and 
Sir David Attenborough. 
Music Is provided by 
Michael McDonald . 

755 Life on Earth. David 
Attenborough introduces 

K three of his series 

Microphotography and 
high speed camera 
techniques are used to 
BJustrate how plants and 
animals evolved to cope 
With life on land, (r) 

(Ceefax) - - - 

850 Brush Strokes. Comedy 
series starring Karl 
Howman as a decorator 
witti an eye for the ladies. 

940 News with Jute Somerville 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news and 

950 Panorama: The Cocaine 
Explosion. Reporter. John 
Penycate traces the 
cocaine routs from South 
America to Miami and 
discovers that because of 
excessive production 
there is a glut of the drug, 
forcing the dealers to find 
new markets in Britain and 

10.10 FBnc First Blood (1982) 
starring Sylvester Stallone 
as John Rambo.a 
Vietnam War veteran who 
is hounded out of a small 

town by a high-handed 

sheriff, but returns and is 
jailed. He escapes and Is 
pursued by a huge, 
heavily-armed posse, and 
although unarmed, proves 
to be a resourceful and 
brutal advereaiy. Directed 

9.25 Thames news headlines. 

950 For Schools; comparing 
the grace of a hang gSder 
wfth that of an eagle JL47 
Training to be a ffieman 
959 The story of Muddy 
MiUy 10.11 Exploring 
school 1058 An 
explanation of technical 
drawing 1045 Coping with 
choice 1147 Numbers and 
simple mathematical 
concepts 11.19 Setting up 
a school 11.41 Developing 
a safer car. 

1240 Teetime and Cfandla. (r) 

12.10 Let's Pretend to the 
tale of The Silly 
Dressmaker, (rt 

1250 Medtefne Matters! How 
metical and bio- 
engineering skBte have 
helped to keep patients 
active, (rt 

140 News 150 Thames news 

150 FBm: Two For the Road 
(1967) starring Albert 
Finney and Audrey 
Hepburn. Comedy about a 
married couple who, 
driving through Kent, en 
route to a holiday in 
France, recall their first 
meeting 12 years 
previously. Directed by 

■■ •- Jr./V, -». >• 


Michael Hordern: Paradise 
Postponed (ITV 940pm) 

655 Open University: Maths 
Foundation Course. Buds 
at 750. S40 Ceefax. 

1.10 Testing Times: GCSE. The 
first of a two-part 
examination of the new 
General Certificate of 
Secondary Education. 

15S Ceefax. 

1.45 See Heart A repeat of 

yesterday's magazine 

(ITV, 9pm) is John Mortimer's 
contic vision of a Britain 
which has somehow failed to 
become the promised land of 
post-war idealists, among whom 

must be numbered Mortimer 
himself. Having given us one 
joyous eccentric in the 
shambling Rumpoie, Mortimer 
creates another m the Rev 
Simeon Simcox, a country vicar 
who combines life-long 
socialism with a living made 
comfortable by shares from 
the family brewery. Michael 
Hordern, who plays him, is 
another actor, like Leo McKern 
of Rionpote, capable of 
savouring comic lines to the last 
drop. Hus first episode (of 
11) starts more or less In the 
present with Sim cox's death, 
and a win which controversially 
cuts out his family in favour of 
a Tory upstart, and then works - 


backwards, if the pace seems 
a little leisurely at tones, this is 
mainly because of the need to 
establish Varactors and 
relationships: and the 
flashback structure tends, 

Milligan, James Anderton and 

LortfHome - will be more 

S , S^lHS t< S K ^i 1 £* eries accommodating; to the format 

is mrts striae it win be « * book atbedtime 


(BBM; 1 050pm) is aproductlon John Jorrocks. the city grocer 
from the Everyman stable. limbing the Victorian social 

suggesting a religious flavour ladder to become master of 
wtiTchis, however, difficult to Sheap^hHunt tereadfoa 

Hu5m OTfront suitably rollicking style by a fine 
famous (and stfli Swing) radio voice, John Frankiyn- 

peopte with their obituaries and Robbing 

ask what they would wish to _ ' ___ _ 

change. First for the treatment Is Peter Wa ymnr lf 

Dr Timothy Leary, ersthwite 
Harvard professor and guru of 
1 960s drugs culture. He 
spent 42 months in various jails 
for his pains but Hie Edith 
Piaf, regrets nothing. This being 
the case, the Interview with 
Peter France lacks bite, though 
Leary is an engaging tafiier. 
Perhaps those appearing in 
future programmes - Spike 

Radio 3 

On VHF/FM On stereo) and on MW 
655 Open University. Romantic 
poetry: SheSey. Until 655 


655 Weather. 7. 00 News 
756 Morning Concert. Purcell 
Singers/Imogen Holst 
with Ostan Eliisfharp). Holst's 
Choral Hymns from the 
Rig Veda. Op26No3. 7.17 
French National Ratio 
Orchestra with Debussy's 
Legends Dansto: 

Khammo. 758 Julian Bream 
wtth Albentz's Suita 
EspariOla, Op47. 840 News. 
845 Dresden State 
Orchestra with Glinka's 
Spanish Overture Nol. 

8.13 David Oistrakh (violin), 
Lev Oborin (piano) with 
Beethoven's Sonata in A, 

(mezzo), Martyn HUl (tenor). 
Xian Opie (baritone) with 
BBC Philharmonic 
; 850 Great and Small. 

Anthology of poems 
8.40 Henze at 60. Part 2: 

Tristan, preludes for 
piano, tape and orchestra, 
conductor Oliver Knussen 
950 The Royal Bride. La 
Fontaine's moral (or 
unmoral) verse-tale In the 
translation by Sydney 
Bolt read by Robert Eddison 
1040 jazz Todav. 

11.00 Madid String Quartet 
Haydn's String Quartet in 
E Hat. Op64 No6 and 
Mozart's Clarinet 
Quartet m A featuring 
Michael Corns. 1157 
News. 12.00 Closedown 

Radio 2 

SNO/Neeme Jarvi with 
Prokofiev's Slntoraetta In 
A. Op48. 940 News. 

945 This Week's Composer. 
Chopin, part 1. The 
Nationalist: tnc Polonaise in 
A Oat (Vladimir 
Ashkenazy at piano); Four 
Mazurkas, Op 17 (piano, 
Artur Rubinstein); Fantasia 
on Pobsh Airs. Op 13 
(piano. Claudio Arrau) 

1040 Gabrieli String Quartet 
Kenneth Siititojyiofin), 
Brendan O' Reilly (violin), Ian 
Jewel (viola). Keith 
Harvey (cello) with Dvorak's 
Quarter in F. Op9S and 
Boar's Quartet in E minor, 
OpB3. (r) 

1055 Don Quixote. Strauss's 
tone poem conducted by 
Rudolf Kempe. with Max 
Rostal (viola). Paid 

325 Thames news headlines 
350 The Young Doctors. 
Medical drama series set 
~ in a large Australian cfiy 

S rTedKotdie 

440 Tickle on the Turn. Village 
tales for chfldren 410 
Tweety Pie. Cartoon, (rt 
420 He-Man and Mastere 
of the Universe. Animated 
science fiction series. ' 

445 Dr aroa r am a: Flyaway 
Friend, by Nick McCarty. A 
teacher worries about one 
of her pupHs' wHh an 
imaginary friend. 5.15 

545 News 640 Thames news 
with Andrew Gardner and 
Tricia Ingrams. 

655 Help! Vhr Taylor Gee with 
the first of three 
programmes of advice 
about cervical cancer. 

655 Crossroads. Mrs Meacher 
learns of Arme-Marie's 
guHty secret 

7.00 The Krypton Factor. A 
drama teachec, a student ' 
nurse, a police sergeant 
and a financial adviser 
contest this week's heat of 
the brain and brawn 
competition. (Oracle) 

750 Co ron ation Street Vera 
thkiks that Susan Baldwin 
is to blame for her being 
out of a job.’ " 

840 Wei The* of Something. 

Comedy series starring 
Sam Kelly as a man 
• determined not to be 

850 The Bemy HU Show. 
Comedy sketches, and 
song&featuring the master 
of the innuendo, (r) 

940 Parwflse Postponed. - 
Episode one of an 11 -part 
drama serial by John 
Mortimer, starring Michael 
Hordern, that chronicles 
fife in Britain after the 
Second Work) War. In 
1985, the Rev Simeon 
Simcox, on his deathbed,, 
tells bis son that the past 
is not as simple as it 
seems. His will causes a 
furore, and to explain the 
reasons behind the 
surprise bequest, the story 
unfolds from 1948. (see 

1050 News followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

1140 The New Avengers. Steed 
and his team face more 
danger, (r) . . 

1240 World Chess 

Championship. The latest 
news from Leningrad. 

1250 Ni{tirtThou^h4s. 


2.10 Ceefax. 

350 SDP Conference 1986. Sir 
Robin Day and his team 
report on the afternoon's 
debates in Harrogate. 

550 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

555 What on Earth? Wildlife 

3 uiz with David Bellamy, 
enny Owen and Michael 

6.00 Film: Chartie Chan hi 
London* (1 934) starring 
Warner Oland and Ray 
MHIand. The insctutible 
detective has less than 
three days to clear Paul 
Gray of the murder for 
which he has been 
sentenced to death. His 
investigations take him 
into the huntin' shootin' 
and (idlin' sot Directed by 

240 The Puppet Man. Part 
three of the six-episode 
dramatized documentary 
series tracing the first 
journey of author and 
puppeteer Walter 
wakxison, from the 
Cotswolds, through 
Somerset to Norm Devon 
' in 1925. Starring Roy 

3.15 Hands. A profile of Tom 
Johnson, a tailor m Ireland 
for 64 years, (r) 

350 American Short Story: 

The Sky is Gray, by Ernest 
J Gaines. Set in a 
Louisiana town in the 
1940s. the story follows a 
day in the fife of a poor but 
proud black woman and 
one of her sons. 

450 The Gong Show. Today's 
group of talentless - 
hopefuls include a 
barefoot tap dancer. 

540 Afice. Part two of the story 

Eugene Forde. 

7.15 100 Great Sporting 

Moments. The 1980 World 
' Lightweight Championship 
bout between Jim Watt 
and Charlie Nash. 

750 Double Jeopardy. 
Norwegian John Moe, a 
* Second World War double 
- agent, recalls one the 
conflict's greatest spy 
stories asne retraces his 
steps to a remote coastal 
village in Banffshire. (First 
shown on BBC Scotland) 
840 Royal Heritage. In the final 
. part of his series on 

Britain's royal bidders and 
collectors, HuwWheldon 
describes how the 
coronation of the Queen in 
1953 brought back into the 
public eye many of the 
treasures hidden away 
during the Second World 

940 The Paul Daniels Magic 
Show. The magician is at 
Longleat where he 
destroys a valuable 
antique tankard. Back in ■ ■ 
the studio his guests are 
Jim Mather who catches 
arrows fired at 1 0Omph; 

- and a Cuban balancing act 


950 Naked Video. Comedy 
fromHelen Lederer, Ron 
Ba in, Gregor Fisher. Andy 
Gray, Tony Roper, Elaine 
C Smith, John Sparks and 
Jonathan Watson, (r) 

1050 Famous Last Words. The 
first of a new series in 
which personalities see 
and correct their own 
obituaries. Tonight it is the 
turn of Dr Timothy Leary, 
(see Choice) - 

1050 N c w anl ght, Introduced by 
Donald MacCormick from 
the SDP conference at 
Harrogate. With the rest of 
the national and 
international rows, Ian 
Smith and Chris Lowe. 

1140 Weather. 

1145 Back to School A preview 
of some of the Schools 
programmes for the 

12.05 Open University: 

Comparing Trade Unions ; 
(2). Ends at 1255 

ana Alice, being wooed by 
a country and western star 
as wefl as an old flame, is 
thought by her colleagues 
at the diner to have been 

550 SHen&Ptease'A 

condensed version of the 
1923 production of The 
Hunchback of Notre 
Dame, the film, based on 
the novel by Victor Hugo, 
that made Lon Chaney a 

.840 I Could Do That The first 
of a six-part series that 
follows the fortunes of 
four young entrepreneurs 
from the North East of 
England, (r) (Oracle) 

650 Conference Report. Glyn 
Mathias presents a round- 
up oflhe day's 
proceedings at the SOP 
conference in Harrogate. 

740 Channel 4 News with 
Trevor McDonald and 
Alastair Stewart includes 
the first of a week-king 
series of reports on 
Angola - the Hidden War. 

750 Commen t With her views 
on a topical subject is 
Margaret Chamngton of 
the Inink British 
Campaign. Weather. 

840 BrookSKle. Damon meets 
a new giri on the Mersey 
Ferry; and-Gordon is 
asked to appear on a 
television programme 
about homosexuality. 

850 Fairly Secret Army. 
Comedy series starring 
Geoffrey Palmer as a 
- retired major leading a 
motley band of irregulars 

ravaging^cxdes of*reds 

940 St E ls ewhere. 
Administrator Joan 
HaHoren gathers 
information that could 
. mean the end of Dr 
Morrison's career. 

955 4 REiHites: Outing. A 
moody punk rocker is 
forced to spend a day at 
the seaside wfth her 

1040 Oil Part two of the series 
examining the impact of 
the oU industry on the 
modem world focuses on 
the rote of Henri Deterring 
and the creation of the 
Shell Oil Company. 

1140 Eleventh Hour Budd te a. . 
The story of an Aids 
sufferer and the man who 

, befriends him. Starring 
Geoff Ectookn and David 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


555 Shipping. 650 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
week. 655 Prayer (sf 

650 Today ind 650, 750, 
750,640, 850 News. 

6-45 Business News. 655. 

755 Weather. 755* 855 
Sport. 7 AS Thought for 
the Day. , 

855 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews , 

8.43 How Was It For You? By 
Maureen Upman (Part 3 
of 7) 857 vreathen Travel 

940 News 

946 Start The Week, with 
Richard Baker (s). 

1040 News; A Small Country 
Living. With Jeantee - 

1050 Mcxning Story: A Natural 
Death by Cefia Dale. 

1045 Daily Service (s) 

1140 News: Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Market 


1148 Poetry Please! (s) 

Listeners' requests 
presented by Vernon 

1240 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer programme 
with Maicolrn Stacey. 

1257 Top of the Form (now 
series) Nationwide 
general knowledge contest 
for schools 1255 

1.00 The World at One: News 

140 The Archers 155 

240 News; Woman's Holt. 

340 News: The Afternoon 
Play (s) The Hamburg 

Connection by Barry Hil, 
4.30 Kaleidoscope 
5.00 PM. News magazine. 
550 Shipping. 555 

640 News; Financial Report 
650 After Henry. Comedy 
series starring PruneBa 

Scal es, 

740 News 
745 The Archers 
750 On Your Farm 
7.45 Science Now. Peter 
Evans review 
de v elopments from the 
world's leading 

8.15 The Monday Play (s) MoQ 
by GUty Fraser. 

9-45 Kaleidoscope 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Handley Cross by R S 
Surtess. abridged In 15 
episodes (1). 1059 

1050 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Like No Place on Earth. 
Margaret Horsfleid visits 
the island of Surtsey, bom 
during a volcanic 
erupbon off Iceland's south 
coast fo November 1963 
1240-12.15am News; Weather 
1253 Shipping 

VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 555- 
640 Weather; Travel 1140- 
1240 For Schools: 1140 Setf- 

condousness; 11.10 
Misunderstamfings; 1150 
Rejection; 1 150 Aggression (sfc 
11.40 Taking Sides (s). 155340 
For Schools: 155 Listening 
Comer; 240 Black British (sk 250 
Books, Plays. Poems (s) 550- 
555 PM (continued) 1150-12.10 
Open Unfvitfsfty: 1150 Folk 
Song and the Composers 1150 
Dangerous Acquaintances. 

1155 Clarinet and Piano. 

James Campbefi and 
John York with Tartmi's 
Concertino in F; Flnzi's 
Five Bagatelles; LovregJio's 
Fantasy on Thames from 


1220 Melbourne Symphony 
Orchestra. Desmond 
Bradley's 2nd Symphony 
conducted by the 
composer. 140 News 

145 Peter Noke and Helen 
Krizos. Two pianists play 
Saint-Bains Variations on a 
Theme of Beethoven 
Op35 and Rachmaninov's 
Symphonic Dances. 

On medium wave. Sea RacBo 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headfines 
550am. 650. 750. 850. Sports 
Desks 1.05. 242 342. 442. 

545. 642. 655 (mt only). 955. 
Cricket Scoreboard 750pm. 
4.00am Charles Nova 550 
Cobn Berry 750 Derek Jameson 
950 Ken Bruce 11.00 Sue Cook 
1.05pm David Jacobs 245 Gloria 
Hurmiford 350 David Hamilton 
545 John Dunn 740 British dance 
bands (with ally Amskefi) and 
750 big band records wtth Don 
Lusher 950 Bn Band Special 
(BBC Big Band) 940 Best of Jazz 
with Humphrey Lyttelton 955 
Sports Desk mfn The ABC Quiz 
wtth Ken Bruce 1050 Star 
Sound (Nick Jackson) 1140 Round 
Midnight with Brian Matthew 
1.00am Patrick Lunt presents 
Nnhtnde 340-440 A Little 
Night Music. 

Radio 1 

240 Music Weekly. A new 
season introduced by 
Michael Oliver (r) 

245 New Records. 

Progr amm e includes 
Schubert's Die Zauberharfe 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half-hour from 
650am until 850pm then 1050 and 
1240 mklnkiht 

550 am Simon Mayo 740 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 950 Andy 
Peebles 1250pm Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 
340 Steve Wright 550 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 545 
Bruno Brookes 750 Janice 
Long 1040-1200 John Peel VHF 
stereo radios 162:- 440 am 
As Radio 2 1040pm As Ratio 1. 
1200-440am As Radio 2. 


(Vienna PO): 

Geoff EdhobnOeft) aedlkavid Sdwi^tor: Buddies (Ch 4, 1 lpm) 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kH2/285m;1D89kHz/275m; Radio 2 
92.5: Radio 4: 200kHz/1500m: VHF-92-95: LB&1152kHz/261tn: \ 

DFotk Beethovens Variations on Anything Goes &00 News 949 Revfcm at 

mrnll-Sl Ein Madchen Oder the Bntsti Press 9.15 Goad Book* 9^§ 

weibchen from Die Flnanotsl Nows 9.40 Look Ahead 9.45 

nces - Zauberflote with Yo Yo - Peebles - Choice 1040 News 1041 Na- 

- — — BawwasMBisas 

Tin»1 2.00 Hadio Newsreel 1215 Brain of 
Symphonjrt No3 m D nww attam 1986 MM Sports Roundup 140 

(Berlin RSO) and News iJWTwamy-four Hours IJO Savoy 

i Mozart's Piano Concerto Operas 240 Outlook 245 Lake Wobegon 

No21 in C (Mitsuko Days 3.00 F.) Newsreel 3.15 National- 

Uchida and ECO). 455 News «sm 345. Wutf»_New.4M itew,448 

^ pSShS^lRrtav SndTSo EnMsh MHaures 5M 

~ ■T es ®*T fcE ~py PauIRtey Sports Roundupyis Peebies' Choice 

650 Music for Ckgan. Played a-00 News a49 Twenty-four Hours BJ0 

: - ** by John Morehen in Sports htemationai too News 

bw. ' - Southwell Minster. NMwork UK 9.15 English Miniature* 930 

Humphrey Seerte's 

|i%v.' BS r So 8 HSS!i55 SSTSSi 

fcuji Op31; Peter Racine Roundira 1140 News 1 1 srn Cornmentwy 

■pyvi Flickers Pastorale mid 11.15 John Bt^s Other Uands tut 

R^-VKi. Kenneth Leighton's Brain of Britain im 1200 News 12J» 

ttrlMw' Preiuda Scherzo and News About Britain 1215 Radb Ne w sreel 

W^mm Passacagta. 0p41 ““ m2, SSK 

7-00 Henraa^aconrartof Other Wands 200 News 249 Review of 

his music ttrect from Bnash Press 215 Network UK 230 

feXai Frankfurt Parti: Novae de sjwrtslntenwnanaiaJW News 349 News 

. infinite Laudes and About Britain 215 The World Today 445 

Orpheus. Teresa CahaU Reflections 450 Financial News 540 

Hi 4, 11pm) (soprano). Susan Kessler 

r 5nn Radio 2: 693kHz/433in: 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
WtoCEIm: VHF 97^; Capital: 1548kHz/194rn: VHF95.8; BBC Radio London: 

RRf*1 WALESc SJSpm-640 
HSSsJ- wales To5wB 45-740 Game. 
Sal end Modi 1140-1145 News 
and weather. SCOTLAND: 6J5-740pm 


Chennai One 1140-1145 News and 
weather. ENGLAND: &3S-740pm 
Regional news magaznes. 

channel agaaa 

Home Cookery dub l js-340 Rkn: 

mia agaggaar u 


Coast to Const 640-7 JMPariour 
game 1140 FBm: Save the Ttaar 1245am 
Company. Closedown. 

Home Cookery dub 148-340 Rim: 

My Teenage daughter 5.15-545 Sons 
and Dmjgmra 540 Channel Rmort 
630-740 Parlour Gama 1140 Ffinc Save 
the Tiger 1245em Cknadown. 

I Channel Report 
lama 1140 FAnc S 

Geoff Edhokn and DavkJ 
Schacter. Ends at 1250. 

MflBon Doiar FlKt).1MJ0 Cartoon 
5.15545 anmerdale Farm 840 About 
Anglia 630-749 Survival 1140 
S«wendy 1240 BHas in Concert 1240ani 
Persona View. Closedown. 

border aaasaSiMi. 

Ro Conchos 340-440 Sons and 
Daughters 6.00 Lookaround 640-740 
Take the High Road 1140 Sweeney 
1240 Closedown. 


140-340 Ffim; GoWen Rendozvous 
5.15-545 Emmerdale Farm 640-740 
North Tonight 1140 Cher at 
Caesar s Palace 1240 News. 


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836 9637/741 9999/240 7200 
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Direr led by HAROLD PINTER 
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Contianed on page 30 



Jumbo-size cheer 
# for the three 
lions of Somerset 

'i rlci *ara 'x'jLLVjJcriS 


ftrat pdriuhcd in I7&5 



A light aircraft carrying a 
ffJSMT “Keep Bothun. 
R «*ards and 68111 * 7 ” flew 
over the field during the tea 
interval yesterday in this John 
flayer League match, which, 
inevitably, was loaded with 
emotional tension. The Big 
Three all had a i nm d in 
Somerset's victory, which was 
followed by the crowd swarm- 
ing on to the field and 
shooting support in front of 
the pavilion for the players in 

A Tannoy announcement 
confirmed that there would be 
an extraordinary general 
meeting in late October and 
added: “This is a members’ 
club and it is the members 
who will decide whether they 
agree or disagree with any 
committee decision." 

Somerset's target was 208 
and in true storybook style it 
was Botham and Ri char ds 
who put them on the right 
path to reach it. These two 
added 64 in nine overs, a 
stand marked by fierce but 
controlled stroke-making. 
Botham hit two sixes over the 
square-leg fence before he was 
caught in the same place and 
departed waving his bat at the 
crowd and pointing it to the 
committee balcony. 

Richards hit six fours as he 
made SS from 59 bails and 
then played on against Jean- 
Jacques. Gamer hit a six 
before he was run out and 
Marks and Dredge finally bad 
to steer Somerset home. 

To arrive at the County 
Ground in mid-morning and 
find an elephant sitting in a 
lorry was an eariy reminder 
that this was no ordinary end- 
of-season game between two 
teams in the middle of the 
table. The elephant, one Lola, 

By Richard Streeton 

from Canterbury Zoo, who is 
four years old and weighs one 
and a quartertons, has nothing 
to do with what might prove 
to be the Big Three's final 
appearance together for 

Lola is involved in 
Botham's Hannibal-stylewalk 
across the Alps in February, 
1988 in aid of leukaemia 
research. She has to be men- 
tioned. though, if only for the 
surprise her arrival must have 
given the gateman. Lola was 
later driven to Botham's home 
nearby for publicity filming. 

The day's emotion got prop- 
erly under way when Botham, 
Richards and Garner arrived 

Roebuck, the Somerset cap- 
tain, had an injured thumb. 

Richards, the vice-captain, 
chose not to be burdened with " 

the leadership, so Marks led »*■“■'****' 
the side and chose to field 
first Derbyshire reached a KM-S: 
creditable total, thanks to ‘ 
Barnett, Roberts and Hill, but 
whatever they made it was 
probably never going to be 
enough on this particular day. 

The Big Three, of course, 
were cheered in everything 
they did. Garner bowled with 
typical economy, though the 
last ball he delivered was 
sliced for six by Warner. It was 
an ironic finish for someone 
whose steadiness in one-day 

within two or three minutes of cricket has been legendary. 

one another. A 300-strong 
crowd, waiting in the players' 
car park, spontaneously 
clapped and cheered as each 
man walked to the adjoining 

About 5,000 spectators 
meant a slightly smaller Sun- 
day crowd than usual here. 
There were, however, addi- 
tional police present, their 
first duty being to deprive 
people as they arrived of any 
banners they carried in sup- 
port of the sacked players. 

Two or three, though, were 
smuggled in and the subtlest 
message read “Big Bird Not 
The Crowe" - a reference first 
to Gamer’s nickname and 
then to the New Zealander 
who is replacing the two West 

During the tea interval 
many in the crowd gathered in 
front of the pavilion and 
cheered the Big Three when 
they came on to the balcony to 
watch the aircraft and its 
streamer. Les Botham, the 
player's father, also gave inter- 
views criticizing the club's 
recent action. 

Botham at short mid-wicket 
took a marvellous catch to his 
right to end Barnett's stay. He 
bowled loosely but did have 
Warner missed twice in his 
last over. Richards, too, was 
punished but raced around the 
boundary edge like a teenager. 

Villa manager 
departs in a 
civilized way 

By Dennis Shaw 

Graham Turner was dis- ing nine players for 

missed by Aston Villa yes- 
terday, 24 horns after his side 
had been mauled 6-0 by Brian 

a nine piayere 101 

ion - just over£l million 
in excess of sales. 

Soaring pie-season con- 

aaa occn mauxuoru uy — . . . _ n e 

Dough's vibrant new Notting- fidence after the acquisition 01 
bam Forest- Martin Keown (Arsenal, 

In the wake of the dub’s £200,000) Garry Thompson 
fifth defeat in their opening six (Sheffield Wednesday, 

*KJ Barnette Bottom v Marts 40 

A HSbwb Mounts - 50 

JE Morris bQredgo - 10 

B Roberts not out 40 

16 JMMatnrb Gamer M 

M A Hotting b Botham 14 

A E Warner not out 27 

Extras (b 1. Wa 8, w 2, rvb 1) 12 

Total (5 Mete. 40 orars) 207 

R Shamna, R J Rnnsjr. O H Mortensen and 
J Jeen-Jacqwjs dkJ not bid. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6, 242, 3-128, 4- 

158.5- 179- 

BOWLING: Gamer 8-1-27-1, Botham 80- 
60-1. Taylor 44-180. Marks 80-39-1, 
□radge 8-1-35-1, Rfcteds 4-041-1. 


N A Felton c Maher b Finney 3 

P ACBdb FMney IB 

R J Harden run out 25 

IVA mchantab Jaarxlacciues 55 

J T Botham c Shamir b Warner __ — 32 
J J Hardy c Morris bHnney _______ 12 

*vj Maries not out 23 

J Gamer run out 13 

C H Dredge not out 14 

Extr8fffMr6.wfi.n-b4) 18 

Total (Twkts. 30 avera) 211 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-31, 3-77, 4- 

141.5- 57, 8-157.7-155. 
0-40-3; Jearv-Jacques 8-0-39-1 ;Hokflng 7- 
0380: Warner 8031-1. 

The Big Three: Garner, Botham and Richards luring up yesterday for perhaps the last time 

Norman’s effort rewarded 
with victory in play-off 

Essex secure second place 

pts) beat Glamorgan by seven 

Essex, John Player Special 
League champions of the last 
two years, secured second 
place and £9,500 in 
prizemoney for this season 
through comfortably beating 
Glamorgan yesterday. 

An opening partnership of, 
98 in 22 overs between Hardie 
and Gooch who made 61, was 
the feature of their victory. 
The ground staff did well to 
ensure the match started on 
time. This is a fast-drying 
ground but a lot of rain fell 
here on Saturday. The dis- 
appointment - for television 
viewers in particular — was 
that Glamorgan hardly gave 

Once again the Essex 
bowlers shared the wickets. 
One of their strengths is that 
Gooch is often as effective 





By Rex Bellaxn 

By Ivo Tennant 

with the ball as with the bat in Essex on their way to yet more 

this competition. He took prizemoney. 

three more wickets yesterday Glamorgan 

with the bat .when he got his g c HottnascEast bToptey — — , s 

evein. R C Ontangc EfcSt b Gooch — 8 

J P a Coney ©w foToptoy - * 

M P Maynard c Fteteriar b Law 28 

His side’s fielding was again g 

splendid. Stephenson held an tM l Roberts no* out 8 

excellent diving catch on the g — f 

edge of the covered pitch to 
sent back Morris. 
Glamorgan’s top scorer. East 
brought off two diving catches 

S R Barwfck b Foster 2 

S Watkins run out 7 

Extras (R> S.w 7, nbl) : 17 

Toni (40 ovors) 138 

FALL OF VWCKETSi 1-44, 2-6$, 8-74, 4- 
77. 88S, 8102. 7-110. 8122. 8125, 18 

to account for Holmes and bowung: Lover 8 - 2 - 21 - 2 : fosw 8828 

Omong and Fletcher ran to 

reach Maynard's lofted drive Essex 

with the enthusiasm of one ? B A i£SS2V 0 SS£? bOWo " a — §1 

starting out in the game. He is p jprfchanibWatkin 5 

enjoying it all more than ever. SSL 1 bfSIS-SSLs; S 

Gooch and Hardie scored Extras (b 4. B»2,wi.nb 111 is 

the majority of their 98 runs Toni pai overs) 138 

together in gloomy fight. na 

Gooda took most of Thomas’s J K l®** 31x1 T ^ Topiey « not 

opening spell which was fall of wickets 1 - 88 , 2 - 119 , 3 - 123 . 

Greg Norman continued his 
astonishing year by walking 
away with more than £100,000 
after beating Ken Brown at the 
find extra bote of a sudden 
death play-off for th.e 
Panasonic European Open at 
Sunningdafe yesterday. 

The Australian has now 
won $885,000 in prize 
winnings alone this year 
though he was compelled to 
work hard for this victory as 
Brown produced an exciting 
finish to complete a final 
round of 67 and draw along- 
side Nor man (66) on the 11 
under par 269 mark. Bernhard 
Langer, of West Germany, 

. took 68 for third place on 271 
with Severiano Ballesteros 
< (65), Jose-Maria Olazabal (66) 
and Nick Faldo (68) sharing 
fourth place two strokes far- 
ther back. 

Norman, who has now 
moved to die top of the Sony 
World rankings list, appeared 
to have given the advantage to 
Brown at the first extra hole, 
which measures 494 yards, 
when he pushed his drive into 
the rough. But he played a 
superb second shot into the 
heart of the green and Brown 
left bis approach just short of 
the putting surface. Brown 
chipped up to within 8 feet 
from where he needed to hole 
to keep the match alive after 
Norman had safely two 
putted. The slender English- 
man was composed enough to 

By MitcheU Platts 

back away from his putt and 
joke “Hasn’t it gone quietT 
But he then left his effort 

Brown and Norman ex- 
changed the lead on no fewer 
than five occasions during an 
afternoon of high drama with 
Langer the most persistent 
pursuer. Faldo was repeatedly 
betrayed by a matter of indies' 
on the greens and he could 
never get in a significant blow. 

The rain-delayed third 
round had been completed in 
the morning, without any 
further mishaps, and Brown 
(68) squeezed into a share of 
the (rad with Howard Clark 
(671 who later faltered. 

Brown, however, started in 
style in the final round with an 
eagle three at the first (494 
yards) though be immediately 
gave one shot bade at the next 
which enabled Norman to 
overhaul him by driving the 
green at the third (296 yards) 
then holing from only three 
feet for an eagle two. : 

a was dealt 

a severe blow at the fifth. The 
West German, like Norman, 
had begun the afternoon two 
strokes in arrears but he closed 
on the leaders with two birdies 
in the first three holes. But he 
pushed his approach to the 
fifth green into a bush then 
squirted the ball into a bunker 
and took another three shots 
to get down fora six. 

langer persevered through 
to the end but he was unable to 
elbow his way back into the 
front line. Brown regained the 
lead with a birdie at the sixth 
but Norman, out in 32 and 
playing in the match ahead, 
'followed a birdie at the ilth 
with another at the 14th to 
edge two shots in front. 

Brown now discovered the 
inspired touch on the greeds 
which so often in the past has 

fifth defeat in their opening six 
games of the season 37 year- 
old Turner's three-year con- 
tract was terminated with 12 
months still to run. 

The parting was immediate, 
anticipated and totally ami- 
cable, with Dong Ellis, chair- 
man, paying tribute to his 
young ex-manager’s integrity 
and Tumer speaking warmly 
of the club he had just bepn 
sadly forced to leave and its 
“supportive” chairman. 

Hlis commented: “the de- 
cision has been readied with 
great reluctance because of his 
qualities as a man. I have 
never worked with anyone of 
such honesty and intosrity.” 

Turner had been unlucky to 
have such injury problems, 
Mr Ellis added, emphasizing 
that the dub were already 
considering “various 
possibilities” as a replace- 
ment - 

Turner arrived at Villa Park 
in August 1984 from his post 
as player-manager of Shrews- 
bury Town and with limited 
qualifications for the massive 
job he was undertaking, that 
of revitalizing a club which 
had recently won the first 
division, the European Cup 
and the Super Cup under Ron 
Saunders and Tony Barton. 

Acknowledging this he com- 
mented last night: “When I 
joined VflJa I knew I bad to 
aim for the very top. To be 
average would not be enough. 

“After spending the first 
year assessing existing staff I 
began a series of signings 

I win prove 

C^fa^JdkTASS I ««"«« i»v e sm,enT - 


ters like Paul Elliott, oowyer wa 

At the long 14th he missed 
the green on the right and the 
chance of a birdie appeared to 
have evaporated when he 
pitched out of the shin-high 
rough and the ball ran 20 feet 

past the hole. But he coaxed 

home the putt and then on the I been a 
next green holed from 30 feet team.” 


£450.000) and Neale Cooper 
(Aberdeen, £350,000) never 
even began to be matched by 
performances. Spurs' Clive 
Alien hit them with three go^s 
at Villa Park on opening day 
of the season and they never 

Cooper, the Scottish under- 
21 defender, has been out 
injured since pre-season but 
that alone has not explained 
the horrendous defensive fail- 
ures - 

It did not help Turner’s 
cause, either, that Sieve 
Hodge, their World Cup star, 
chose to ask for a move on the 
eve of the Forest game. Atten- 
tion will now be focused on 
whether a new manager can 
persuade him to stay. 

Ron Wylie. Turner’s coach, 
is expected to figure in a new 
managerial set-up. 

• The manner of Forest's 
devastating destruction of 
Villa, even allowing for the 
glaring inadequacies of Gra- 
ham Turner's beleaguered 
men, provided the clearest 
evidence yet that Brian 
Clough could soon be back in 
business in a big way. 

It is 10 years since Cough 
last led Forest to the League 
championship to precede the 
start of a glorious gallop across 
Europe. But all the signs at the 
moment are that the. man is 
once again mixing a very 
special brew, which given time 
to ferment, could provide him 
with his most potent force yet. 

Of Saturday’s chosen 12, 
seven cost Cough not a bean. 
Only Bowyer was there when 

would be first choice for any 
dub in the country.” 

He added “I never shield 
behind excuses and would not 
give as a reason the huge 
injury list we have had but I 
have never once this season 
been able to field my ideal 

for a two to draw level He said his successor would last week, while Walker was 

Norman was unable to have an “enviable job”, given the extra fillip before the 
make further headway on the Turner's decline was nothing game of being named Young 
last four holes, though he short of spectacular after sign- - Player of the Month. 

and Webb are proving solid 
and sound investments. Bir- 
tles, originally snapped up for 
£2,000, represents a huge 
profit after his abortive flirta- 
tion with Old Trafford. 

Walker, Carr and Gough 
junior were all in Sweden with 
the England under-2l squad 
last week, while Walker was 
given the extra fillip before the 

narrowly mused for a birdie 
from 15 feet at the 17th* but 
Brown, requiring a par at the 
last to ensure the fourth play- 
off in the last five European 
events, put himself under 
pressure by bitting his ap- 
proach into a bunker. How- 
ever, he remained composed 
ami he splashed the ball out to 
within three feet of the hole 
from where he made the putt 
with the minimum offuss. 


St Helens run up 


was FALL OF WICKETS: 1-88, 2-1 19, 8121 

ssftsat wbp ****** 

going and five more helped umptw: hd Bna«nd b D udes&xv 



Fein show Green wins 
as fleet despite 
cut it fine water scare 

John Feaver, tournament 
director of the Silk Cut inter- 
club championship, suggested 
daring yesterday's final at 
Queen's Club that a sponsored 
inicr-city league might raise 
Britain's modest competitive 

The former Davis Cup 
player proposed a nucleus of 
eight a ties playing one-day 
matches every Sunday, the 
teams including two local 
players and one or two guest 
celebrities with experience on 
the international circuit 

Feaver believes that such a 
competition, already success- 
ful in West Germany and 
elsewhere, could revitalize 
British tennis in much the 
same way as the one-day game 
has popularized cricket Alan 
Mills, whose refereeing duties 
include Wimbledon and the 
Silk Cut event described the 
scheme as “an exciting idea". 

Shirley Park (Croydon) beat 
Southpoit Arayle 2-1 in 
yesterday's final which had a 
dramatic but anti-climactic 
finish: a foot-fault by the best 
player on court Jeff Draper of 

From Barry Pickthall 
Porto Cervo 

Britain's three-boat team of 
Marionette. Pocket Battleship 
and Full Pelt clinched the 
Sardinia Cup ahead of West 
Germany ana Spain. But the 
outcome remained in doubt 
until the finish of the final 
inshore race yesterday. 

The star of the team, and 
the series, was Stephen Fein's 
one tonner, Full Pelt skip- 
pered by the Olympic bronze 
medal winner, Joe Richards, 
whose crew came into their 
own during the high-scoring 
offshore races before going on 
to win Saturday's Olympic 
race. They crowned their 
performance with a third place 
yesterday to finish top dogs in 
the series 21 points ahead of 
West Germany’s Rubin. 

By comparison, Britain's 
two largo* yachts, Chris 
Dunning's Marionette and 
Pocket Battleship, owned by 
Martin Gibson, played only- 
minor supporting roles in the 
light variable conditions that 
prevailed during four of the 
five races. 

But, with the West German. 
Spanish and Italian boats also 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

A superb dressage test on 
SR International's 1 1 -year-okl 
Shannagh helped Lucinda 
Green to victory in yesterday’s 
advanced section of the Croft 
Original Tetbury horse trials. 
She finished seven points 
ahead of the nuner-up, Carol 
Rose, who had an impressive' 
cross-country ride on the 10- 
year-old Mastermind. 

Captain Marie Phillips had a 
day of mixed fortunes. He 
finished third on Cartier, who 
like Mastermind is by Master 
Sptritus, but then had a fell on 
the seven-year-old Bold Ap- 
proach at the Normandy 
Bank. His two horses, together 
with Jon Evans’s The Cord- 
wainer. who finished fourth. 

(Great Britain and Inland unless 


G Norman (Aug, 67, 67. 69, 66: K 
Brown, 67, 68, 69, 67. 


B Lunger (WG). 69, 68, 66, 68. 


J M OazabelJSp), 68, 67. 72. 66; S 
BaJteSteros (StoL 64, 72, 72, 65; N 
Faldo 62. 72, 71, 68. 


R Davis (Aus), 71, 67, 69. 67; P 
Fowler (Aus), 65. 68, 73, 68. 


M Martin [Sp). 67. 73. 67. 68; B 
Gaflacher 6S. 68, 73, 69; J stand- 
(SA) 68, 72, 67. 68. 

The return 
of Bugner 

After two and a half years 
out of the ring, Joe Bugner, the 
former Commonwealth and 
European heavyweight boxing 
champion, meets James 
‘Quick’ Tillis, of the United 
States, in Sydney, where he 
has made bis home since 
quitting England, tonight At 
36 years, Bugner, the only 
man to go the distance with 
Muhammad Ali and Joe 
Frazier, is seven years the 
senior of the impressive Tillis, 


E Rodriguez (Sp), 68, 71. 70, 67; B 
Longmwr7t, 70. 69, 68; I Mosey 70. 
65. 7a 71. 


S Lyle 6a 72, 71 , 68: J Hawkes (SA) 


ez (Aral. 69, 7ft 71, 66; H 
SM, 69, 71, 72. 66; R 
7, 73, 72, 66; A Stevens 
72; H Clark 67, 68, 67, 76. 

V Fernandez 
Bakxchi (S7 

M McNulty (SA), 71 . 69. 71 . 68: R 
Drummond 70, 73, 70, 66; G Brand 
Jnr 68, 70, 68,73- 


C O’Connor jrr 69. 67, 73, 71; N 

Marsh: Won the play-off 

Cotes 68. 72, 70, 70; U-M CanizarBS 
(Sp), 7a 70, 68, 72. 


P Baker 71 ,69, 71, 70; S Bennett K), 
71, 70, 71; T Armour {USL7a 71, 
70, 7ft S Torrance 71, 71,71, 68; D 
Smyth 69, 73,71, 6a* A Some iTArat, 
69, 69, 70, 73; G J Brand 69. 67, 70. 
75; RStetten (US), 71, 71, 72, 66; M 
Roe 69, 73, 71, 6a 


J Heauarty 6a 7a 67, 73: G Turner 
(NZW73, 69, 70, 70; J Rivero (Spl 

Sa 7a 70; D Pruitt (US). 67. 70, 

77, 68 


M Poxon ea 7a 7a 7ft B Lane 70. 
72, m 71 ;N Hansen 73. 69. 71. 7ft 
M Persson (Swe), 68, 72, 73, 70 

Canoe course 

The most advanced arti- 
ficial canoe slalom course in 
tbe world has been opened by 
Princess Anne at the Holme 
Pierrepont National Water. 
Sports Centre, Nottingham. 
The £22 million facility, 
funded by the Sports Council 
Nottinghamshire County 
Council and foe British Canoe 
Union, is the first purpose- 1 
built international standard 
course in Britain. Its 700- 
metre length uses the River 
Trent to provide a variety of 
routes and controlled water 
conditions for all slalomists. 

By Keith MackUn 

The huge and depressing with two eacluand Mc- 
gap between first and second Connicfc, Clarice Veivers, 
division was alarmingly dem- Liptrot and Burke. 

< S!! ed at Another first division 
yesterday when St Helens humQiat i on of a second di- 

-ir'P 01 ?! vision side came at Central 

agamst Carhste in foe first where Wigan beat Roch- 
round of foe Lanrashxre Cup. ^ Home(s 52 -0, while 

11 3 s a Widnes went across the River 

**“2 Mersey to thrash their neigh- 

hours Rnncorn 48-10, 
centre I^id Lopgfalin achieved Runcorn getting foe consola- 

tion of a crowd four times its 
pomts-telly of 40 with two Mrmal ^ 
tries and Id goals. 

^ Mercifully for Carlisle, on a grunhalle lager lan- 
day when St Helens showed CASHiftE CUP: First round- Black- 
no mercy to a new and gd Bprouah 6. Barro w^ QM taro 

time record. Huddersfield ft Warrington 28. SaRord 20; Wigan 
hold this distinction, having 52. Rochdale Hornets 0- 
beaten a junior dub, Swinton I 2 J L .£ u Ji? am 6 

CASHIRE CUP: First round- Black- 

month's OratsSorth three-day Aoki thwarted Climber Clay 

of B ,he social event Sydney's diem- 

over pagnesquaffing set is expected 
water. Having jumped ui over 

The contest has become a 

the log into the water on foe 
extreme left-hand side he 
landed in foe deepest part. 

Mark Todd, New Zealand’s 
Olympic gold medal winner. 

to turn out in force alongside 
the normal beer-drinking ring 
fens. The HungariaiKiorn 
Bugner has said that tonight’s 
match, as well as putting him 
in line for a world titleshot is 

Southport, on the ninth point faltering badly at times, the 
of a tie-break in the mixed British team's combined score 

gave notice of. yet another also to prove to the British 
outstanding young horse when pQ bIic that be is not washed 
he won his intermediate sec- up, 
tion on Welton Greylag. 

doubles. Arthur Ankrah, 6ft 
7in, and Margaret Godbold, 
5ft 5in, (a very odd couple 
indeed) beat Draper and 
Myriam Tyson o-3. 2-o, 7-6 
after Southport had won foe 
women's doubles and Shirley 
Park foe men’s doubles. 

The competition began last 
April with an entry of 663 
dubs, compared with 300 
when the event was inaugu- 
rated in 1 983. It is designed 10 
stimulate competition among 
dub players who are not good 
enough to play regularly for 
their counties. 

gave them an IU3-point results: Advanced 
advantage over foe West Ger- snamagh (L Green 
mans and left Spain trailing a Mastermind (C Rose) • 
further three points adrift. 

Britain. 475.13ms; 2. West Ger- iStejMgeOBteddr 
many. 464; a Spain, 4fil; 4. tttiy. roetfate Section 3: 1,1 
45025; 5. Japan. 379-5JmflrtttogJ 

points: 1 , Fufl Pe& (GBL 226.63: 2, 
Rutyn(M Sdvrtdt); 3. Anquins Too 

(Sp). 17A5: A Rc 
fagegshi, Japan). 16 

nqums Too 
uritess (K 
5t Metope, 

RESULTS: Advanced Section St 1, 
Snamagh (L Green) 36ps :; 2. 
Mastermind (C Rose) 43; 3, Cartier 
(M PMBps) 47. Advanced Section 

2. Gorky Park (K Meacham) d: a 
PoBv’s ftlly (C Caklrey) 5Z Inter- 
meditfe Section 1: 1, Remus (C 
Janes) 35; 2. Ten Below (K 
Meacham) 42: a Sparring Partner 
(R Stevens) 43. kdenminte Sec- 
tion 2: 1, Night Heron (S Tpqunson) 
4ft 2. Rrmeas Finn (D Hughes) 52; ; 

3. Stateside (L Bfoctdey) S2. Inter- 

niecEate Sectk» ft i, welton Grey- 
lag (M Todd, New Zealand) 46; 2. 
Ki&nacthomea (S Hercock) 52; 3, 
Ayres Rock (D Greed 54. Open 
Intenne darta :!, Arctic FWit (Toad). 
40; 2, The Brigand (K Menrum), 41; 
3. Lord HatrylR Lemieux) 44v 

Graham Marsh, of Austra- 
lia, prevented the veteran 
Japanese, Isao Aoki from 
completing a third successive 
tournament win when he beat 
him at the first extra hole ofa 
sudden death play-off in the 
Narashino Open. Marsh, who 
shot a 72 yesterday, and Acid, 
with a 69, had finished with a 
13-under-par total of 275. 
Jack Nicklaus, the United 
States Masers champion, lad 
a final round of 67 to finish 
nine shots behind. 

Soling victor nine shots behind. 

There was a double Amen- U^nmnc folic 
can success at La Trinit6-sur- AXlggHIS IcUia 

John Clay marked his re- 
turn from the world cycling 
championships in Colorado 
Springs by scoring the brat win 
of his domestic career in the 
87-mile Tour of the Peaks 
road race classic at Buxton 
yesterday. He dropped Paul 
Curran (Manchester 
Whedersl foe Common- 
wealth champion, on foe 
punishing dimb of 'Winnars 
Pass with 12 miles left and 
crossed the line akmc. 

Park, by "1 19-2 in a Challenge Wcxtengton 2ft SwWon ta 
Cup game in 1914. JOHN Smith's Yorkshire cup: 

„ . Hrtt round: Battey 12 , Wakefield 

Other try scorers m a match Trinity 14; Hull Kingston Rovere 52, 
which will severely set back Huddersfield 3ft Sheffield Eagtes 9, 
Carlisle's hopes of survival 

(3)Holding and Arkwright ford 40. 


A sharp less on Engla nd are 

from the assessed 

music teacher at university 

Chris Ackland, aged 24, of 7 

the Brentham dub. Fating , „ By D arid Haads 
won the Kodak national un- “wV Correspondent 
der-25 championship at Wor- - - . . , . 

foil® yesterday (Gordon Allan m dub on 

writes). In an excellent final he SK!5? y / T, a ?K venI ? i 
beat Paul Sharman, aged 25, ™ mer _ “d Marcus, 
of Oxford Gty and &unty, (Gloiwester) join- 

21-18. mg Engjand squad at 

Ackland is a freelance music LouRh boro ugh University 


England are 
at university 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Injuries in dub games on 

of Oxford Gty and County, f^atom tuioimester) join- 
21-18. rog En^and squad at 

Ackland is a freelance music kQJUShbo ro ugh University 
teacher and da^cirat gniim-ist, yesterday for foe third session 
who commutes between smes foe 40-strong squad was 

Wales, where he was born, and named during the summer. 
London. His rame was im- Nevertheless, thrcequarters 
doubtedly m harmomr m foe of the squad were there to 
final for he fed most of the way make it the best attended 
and came up with positive session so fer as the nlavrn 
answers whenever Sharman went through a senes of 
POHri awkward questions. Mwwmrn l leas monitoring 
Sharman s two earlier foerr personal progress in 

TnatrifuK umv Iomw .c .(I .. * in 

Nevertheless, thrcequarters 
of the squad were there to 
make it the best attended 
session so fer as foe playeis 
went through a series of 

Mer on .Saturday as John 
Kosteki. from Los Angeles, 
won both the last race and the 
overall title in the world soling 
championships. David Curtis, 
of foe United States, was 
second overall and the Euro- 
pean champion, Jochen Schu- 
mann, ofEast Germany, third. 
But for Schumann's dis- 
qualification last Friday for a 
port/starboard incident he 
would have won the title. 

Alex Higgins was among the 
losers in the BCE snooker Tony Pond and Mark Lovell 
international in Derby. Hig- beat off a strong international 
gins, world champion in 1972 field to register record-break- 
and 1982, was beaten 5-4 by mg performances in theTudor 
Peter Francisco, of South. Af- Webasto Manx Rally, which 
rica, who joins his unde, finished in Douglas on Sat- 
Sfivino, in foe televised last 16' unlay. It was the fourth win 
which stuns in Stoke on for Pond, an island resident, 
September 26. The defeat of while Lovell of Somerset, 
Higgins meant that eight of aged 26, became foe youngest 

matrfies were longer and terms of aU-round athlMic 

— : harder than Ackland's and capability. 

crossed the line akme. this may have had its effect in. 

foe long run. Among, those present was 

Monv rppnrrlc Addaud teat Gary Deni- ^ season's 

ivianx records son, the ntlefevouriter 21-1 in ^ta^d-off hall who returned 

The British rally drivers, the semi-finals. “If Tve gpt to Australia eariy on Sat- 

Tony Pond and Mark Lovell gpttt I might as wd l go put in E 

beat offa strong international «3fe. .Denison remarked ’k^L nis lL , Dew du l>. in foe 

field to renter nscord-break- »ten rawlMA ^ the 

mg performancesiq theTudor — obfcmed h* ^ 

the world’s top 16 seeds were 
no longer in contention. 

driver to win. the Shell 
RAC Open Rally title. 

urday i Doming and played for 
Wasps, his new dub, in fo e 
afternoon. He appeared in foe 

5£l S ,f co !L d ^ helping 
IbM to victory over Rich. 
mond Vikings, having played 
his previous game in lydn^ya 

fortnight ago for Gordon. ^ 

Not all the players were fit 
enough to participate fully 1 
ammtg them David EgOTol 1 
foe BafoNo.8. 

i !’j 

v if. 

> c f