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iVi ill 

tough in row 
.oyer Daniloff 

White HoMt5faTto W fat SJ5L, 1 ]? T yQy ** ** Stockhahn 

greater damage to s^rS SHS&SKSSff ^ 

Si P S? d “i R ^® 111 remonstrated with 
Mr Shevardnadze about the detention 
id Moscow of Nicholas Daniloff 

• fzrestia bitterly attached Sir Ge$£- 
frey Howe for comparing the Daniloff 
affair with the Chernobyl disaster 

_ frem Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Ely called^Mr U EMuard ?** United Nations noon, with plans to continue 

.CiJffKr S?®* 1 .Assembly in New them over dinner and to 

edly called Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister, to the Oval 
Office yesterday to remon- 
strate forcefully about the 
continued detention of the 
american journalist, Mr 
Nicholas Daniloff. on 
“trumped up” spying charges. 

The unscheduled encounter 
came at the end of the opening 
session of two days of critical 
talks between Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, and Mr Sheva rdnadze; 
who are trying to avoid even 
greater damage to superpower 
relations caused by the 
DanilofT affair. 

The two ministers met with 
only their interpreters for 
nearly three hours while their 
respective delegations sat in 
an ante-room awaiting a ple- 
nary session. Mr Shultz then 
telephoned the white house 
and asked if Mr Reagan 
wanted to meet Mr 
Shevardnadze immediately. 

The- White House said Mr 
Reagan planned to give some 
“straight talk” on the Daniloff 
case, and to underscore hu- 
man rights issues when he 

York on Monday. 

He is now obviously deter- 
mined to demonstrate a 
tougher stand in order to 
placate right-wing Repub- 
licans who have complained 
bitterly that the Adnunistra- 

-i , . 

I * . * * 

Mr Alexander Belonogov, 
Soviet Ambassador to the 
UN, condemning the US in 
New Yorit yesterday. 

don is being outwitted by the 
Soviet Union; that the US is 
being too soft; and that it 
should abandon all discussion 
about a summit until the case 
is resolved. 

The Sh ultz-Shevardnadze 
talks resumed yesterday afrer- 

them over dinner and to 
resume early this morning. 
The stakes are immensely 
hjgh. The outcome could have 
grave implications for broader 
East-West relations, including 1 
crucial areas of arms control 

In important moves in the 
past few days, the Administra- 
tion has attempted to dem- 
onstrate its readiness to be 
flexibfle in arms negotiations. 
First, it indicated that it may 
be prepared to accept a Soviet 
suggestion that only a token 
number of intermediate-range 
missiles be kept in Europe. 
The limit suggested by Mos- 
cow is far below earlier US 
proposals to allow 420 me- 
dium-range nuclear warheads. 
The US is.also believed to be 
willing to make new proposals 
on strategic and space 

Additionally, as arms talks 
resumed m Geneva on Thurs- 
day. some officials said the 
Administration has decided to 
back away from a proposal for 
an immediate SO per cent cut 
in US and Soviet ballistic 

Con tinned on page 20, col 8 

Mr Ednard Shevardnadze (right) 
drews Air Force Ba&eto be met b 

the Soviet Foreign Minister, arriving yesterday at An- 
r the US Ambassador to Moscow, Mr Arthur Hartman. 

Express Breakthrough 1 

trains in Drug bri 

h ™ d :£ n for Aids 

crasn From Paul Vail 

Two passenger expnss . Scientists working in 12 
trams crashed head-on on the. med jca] centres throughout 
Liverpool to London mam- ^ u nited Slates have re- 
hne near Rugeley, Stafford- .ported a significant break- 
“f* m £“ L through in the treatment of 

c A i^° ne , perSOn waS the disease Aids, 
feared dead , and. many .were ^ experimental drug, azi- 
trapped wth serious injuries Jolhymidine , known as AZT, 
when the 5-20pm Liverpool to ^ had such dramatic success 
Euston and 4pm Euston-to , ‘fa trials at the 12 centres that 
Manchester trains collided at tllfe experimental programme 
tbevdlage ofColwicfa^ , is to be terminated. All eligible 
Fifty firemen in 10 appli- patients will now be 

ances nished to the scene of • gj ven lhe drug. . 
the collision and .Eegapt Public health officials and 

Breakthrough for US scientists 

Drug brings hope 
for Aids victims 

From Paul Vallely, New York 


SSSU^ 1 T , *T?f»5E~=-£-5-LiE. tS Drag guard 

• There is £12,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition, the £8,000 
weekly prize and the 
£4,000 daily. 

• Yesterday’s £4,000 
prize was won outright 
Famborough, Hants. 
Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio fists, 
pages 20 and 25; rules 
and how to play, 
page 35. 

Loan rate 
fears hit 

Growing fears of higher in- 
terest rates hit share prices on 
the London stock market yes- 

The FT-30 share index fell 
10.5 to 1.269.1, while the 
broader-based FT-SE 100 lost 
13.8 at 1,600.4. . 

Some City economists fear a 
rise of up to 1 per cent in bank 
base rates. The pound rose by 
Vi: cent to $1.4765 and just 

US envoy furious 
over talks leaks 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Acrimony unexpectedly being inspected could supply 
blighted the final day of the the aircraft, but only on 
Stockholm Security Confer- condition that the inspectors 
enee yesterday as the fine had control over their 
print to the first major East- navigation. 

West agreement since the sign- This would allay US fears 

ing of the Salt. 2 treaty In 1979 that inspectors would be 
was being worked out. shown only what the Russians 

Mr Robert Barry, head of wanted them to see in flights 
the United States delegation, over Soviet territory. 

from the wreckage. • 

A fire brigade spokesman 
said: “There are a large mimf- 

company that developed AZT 
emphasized yesterday that the 
new anti-viral agent- did not 

was furious about press leaks 
in Washington on US conces- 
sions, which he said had un- 
dermined his negotiations. 

“There is nothing worse for 
a negotiator than to see his in- 
structions published in the 
newspapers before he. gels 
them. I am madder than bell 
and that is very much on the 
record,” Mr Baby said. 

His mood was in contrast to 
that of the head of the Soviet 
delegation, Mr Olep Grinev- 
sky, who swapped jokes with 
journalists before rejoining 
last minute negotiations. 

Mr Grinevsky referred to 
disputes over Western inspec- 
tion of military activities in 
the Soviet Union and asked: 
“What difference does it make 
if the inspectors use a Volga or 
a Land-Rover'’. 

He said he expected remain- 
ing problems to be solved and 
for the conference to finish os 
lime. The US was reported to 

By a Staff Reporter 
Mr Peter Walker, the En- 
ergy Secretary, has been ac- 
cused by Sir Ian MacGregor, 
the former chairman of the. 
National Coal Board, of ac- 
tions during the 1984 coal 

over 1 pfennig to DM 2.94. lime. I he Ub was reponea 

MranwWcfthe price ofgold haveagrrod toacwomfae 

hit a four-year high, rising on the issue of aircraft to be 
$ 10.25 SlfiKn oSce. used by inspectors of military 

before, was now that the state 

Resign threat — — — 

by Roebuck Walker a< 

Peter Roebuck, the Somerset By a Staff Reporter 

- Sfi&Me 

m rasas Ssir-- 

genera meeting. ^hc charge is made in Sir 

Ian's forthcoming book The 

Funeral plea I extrattof which will be pub- 

Two thousand mourners who jjshed in The Sunday Times 
packed the Holy Cross Catho- jomorrow. 
lie Church at Ardoyne fw the He dcscr ibes Mr Walker's 
funeral of Mr Raymond Moo- approac h lo the year-long 
ncy. aged 32. the lay worker d jspuxc in bitter terms arid 
shot by masked men on a clear that he was 

Tuesday, heard a peace appeal — — - 

by the Catholic Bishop of T| 

Down and Conor. fC0, DIGS S 

Spend today 

The other issue hindering 
an agreement as yesterday's 
midnight deadline apprach- 
ed was the size of military 
manoeuvres that should be 
notified in advance. - 

Soviet Union appeared will- 
ing to drop its previous insist- 
ence on a ceiling of participa- 
tion by 16,000 troops and was 
said to be approaching the 
10,000 figure suggested by the 

“This is a delicate issue," 
said a smiling Mr Grinevsky, 
“but I don't see it as carastro- ; 
phic. 1 believe we will be able 
to find a solution. We have 
every possibility of finishing 
this conference on time." 

He said the expulsion ofj 
Soviet diplomats from the US 
had not created a favourable 
atmosphere at Stockholm. 
“But here we have the good- i 
will ofthe Europeans," he said 
smiling mischievioudy. 

The Stockholm agreement I 
will aim at lessening the risk of ; 
war in Europe: Its major ach- 
ievement is that the Soviet 
Union has agreed for the first 
time to allow Western inspec- 
tors onto its territory to keep 
check on military activity. 

ber of people with mjw. immediately offiTbelp tovall 
injuries, and an unspecified ihose dying ofthe disease. > 
number with senous injimes, -AZT isnot a cure for Aids, 
and there are people trapped. Although the study, results 

. show great promise for 

TCD prolonging life, uncertainties 

X kjjy jlaHj. remain,” 2>r. Robert Windom 
- a. ;- -■’■■■ 7 or the National Institutes of 

fopa fjnpg Health said. 

AwI-V'V' liliVCl But the success of the trials 
By Richard Thomson is such that many doctors 
Banking Correspondent taking part raised ethical ques- 
u . . - tions about whether it was 

riBht 10 wilWl0,( * *8 drug 
from those patients receiving 
have been breaking the roles placebo in the tests. 

sending in multiple y^e trials have used pa- 
appjtcauons and could tee lienls ^th pneumocystis 

SSAnSSoS^ pneumonia (PCP), one ofthe 

fi ihr most common causes of death 

PC3t Marwick Mltcbcll, tbc uninnp nennle whnsf* 

accountant check^ mtOtipte SK^^^TbS: 
applications on the £ 1.5 bil- destroyed by the Aids vims. 

sin “ ^ 280 ^ ents 
miSSSSi have receieved drugs from the 

research “am at Burroughs- 

SESESTa nf WeIfcoroe , which is doing the 

expects to amact mtihons of deve lopment work, but 140 of 
appjirauons after mtense pub- ^ ^. re a ^ g^p 

he interest. . who received placebos. The 

JTS® J^SSSL^SS lives of those treated with 
all the combination of tricks ^ tave ^ pro i 0 nged 

you can think of for du®iisin| considerably, 
multiple applications, said 
Mr James Conway, one of the 
accountants responsible for 
investigating suspects. 

Typical ruses include 
putting in applications for the 
dog, the cat and the goldfish, 
or using different addresses 
under the same name: 

“But there are some simple 
ones." Mr Conway added. 

“One individual simply sen t 
in two forms with the same 
name and address on each.” 

The suspected cases will be 
investigated further by PMM 
when lhe flotation is com- 
pleted, Exit the decision to 
prosecute lies with the bank 

of whom have died. But 
scientists suspect that the 
virus now infects as many as 
two million people who have 
not yet displayed any symp- 
toms. Advances in treatment 
have been limited to dealing 
with the secondary diseases 
that Aids causes. The new. 
drug is the first to deal with 
the Aids virus more directly. 

The most recent research, 
which indicates that Aids may 
be a number of viruses work- 
ing in combination, confirms 
that when it enters the body it 
seeks to inject itself into 
certain cells, chiefly the im- 
mune defence cells known as 
T cells. There it commandeers 
each cell’s machinery to make 
copies of itself, eventually 
killing the cell. The copies 
then invade other cells. 

AZT is a fraudulent thymi- 
dine which acts in a similar 
way. But its crucial difference 
is that it can link up at only 
one end of a genetic chain. 
When it is added to a 
lengthening chain of repro- 
duction by the Aids virus it 
suddenly terminates the 

Chirac puts ban 
on Paris protests 

Ir Barry’s position, as re- time to allow Western inspec- pleted. Exit the decision 
Led in Washington the day tors onto its . territory to keep prosecute lies with the lx 
ire. was now that the' state check on military activity. itself. 

Walker accused over coal strike 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Paris 

President Mitterrand of Abdullah, imprisoned leader 
France was greeted by M of the Lebanese Armed 
Jacques Chirac, the Prime Revolutionary Faction, and of 
Minister, on his return from a five other members of the 
trip to Indonesia last night and terrorist group, which is be- 
went to discuss with top lieved to be behind the recent 
Ministers the spate of bomb spate of Paris bombings, 
attacks in the French capital ^ ^ ^ Mau- 

wfoch began a fortnight ago. ri ce. Emile. Robert and Joseph 

_ r .1. _ I IVV- L.IIUiW« t HMW « v«wyu 

In a deliberate disptey of Ibrahim Abdullah: Salim al- 
national unity m the tee of Khoury: and four women - 

disappointed when he sue- wanted because the Energy 
ceeded Mr Nigel Lawson, now Department would not like il 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. Mr Walker is expected to 
as Energy Secretary in June make a statement following 


He and Mr Lawson “shared 
the same views", says Sir lan. 

tomorrow’s Sunday Times ex- 
tract from the book. 

Sir lan is even more critical 

lions during tne iww coax whereas he Mr Walker 

strike lhal might have pro- ^ different SL^i 0 ^ 5“** ^ 

longed. the strike.. 

The charge is made in Sir 
Ian's forthcoming book. The 

political stance". 

The result was the coal 

board's headquarters. He says 
they objected deeply to lus 
chairmanship on both politi- 

lan's forthcoming book The board chairman came to re- uXand 

Enemies Within, the first eaid Mr Walker as a minister 

extract of which wiU bejpub- So agonised oyer strategic S^SiSe^Se of the£ 
listed in The Sunday Times and tactical details and paid v2S22S “ . 

tomorrow. undue deference to his depart- , 

rfpwihes Mr Walker’s mental officials. Misjudgement of Mrs Mar- 


He describes Mr Walker’s 
approach to the year-long 
dispute in bitter terms and 
makes it clear that he was 

mental officials. His judgement of Mrs Mar- 

Sir Ian claims that he was garet Thatcher, however, is 
told regularly that he could one of almost unqualified 
not do things the way he approval - 

the crisis, M Chirac earlier 
called in the leaders of the five 
main political parties to dis- 
cuss the Government’s anti- 
terrorist plans. 

Following the separate 
meetings. M Jean-Marie le 
Pen. leader of the extreme 
right-wing National Front 
Party, said M Chirac had told 
him that all public demonstra- 
tions are to be banned 

M le Pen had planned a 
public demonstration next 
Monday to protest against the 
terrorist bombings. 

Meanwbtiejiew “warned’’ 
posters were circulated to 
police forces throughout 
France yesterday, bearing the 
photographs of four of the 
brothers of Georges Ibrahim 

Rabies squads guard Channel Tunnel 

0*fn» v 

Apptt jj 

Art* . W 
Birth*, deaths, 
narriaxK „ 

1 Letter* 



MS Serrices 

jgr sus*! 

23? 14 TV#*** s 

jg— "s ssr s 

TV « Radio » 


WiBs * 9 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Ratcatchers may have to 
patrol the Channel Tunnel as 
nan of a “disinfestation 
programme", to prevent ra- 
bies from escaping from the 
Continent to _ Britain* The 
Ministry' of Agriculture would 
give no explanation yesterday 
about the . “special 
hunling/retrieving proce- 
dures" mentioned m a hst o| 
possible rabies controls for the 

catch any foxes that managed 
to elude the traps, boundanr 
fences ‘and electrified mesh 
being considered for the tun- 
nel entrances. . 

“Disinfestation", of a kina 
which the ministry declined to 
describe, would also be used to 

tunnel wiU start Its fetter to 
the association said the con- 
trols _ were being "closely 
examined in. conjtractioin 
with the ministry and other 
experts.” and that they would 
not all be used at once. 

The leuer showed that the 

clear the tunnel of any bats elaborate controls being 
which mistook it for a cave, considered wart beyond just 

suitable for hibernation. 

The control measures were 
listed by the Ministry in a 
letter to the all-parly Associ- 
ation of County Councils, 
which represents 

it * * a * * 

keeping wild animals at bay. It 
was dear that the Govern- 
ment also wanted to make 
sure that rail passengers could 
not discard half-eaten food or 
unwanted pets into the dark- 
ness of the tunnel. 

Britain is one of the few 

• ' 2- 

parts of the world free of the , 
rabies virus, which can lie : 
carried by many mammals. ' 
The disease is moving slowly 
across north-eastern France 
Pets and farm animals are 
not vaccinated against the 
disease and are therefore 
permanently at risk from it. 
Infection leads in humans to 
an agonizing death unless 
complicated treatment begins 
almost immediately. Accord- 
ing to ministry plans, animals 
that stray near the tunnel 
entrances may face tall fences 
with underground barriers 
against burrowing 

Jacqueline Esber. Caroline 
Esber al-Bitar. Fayrouz Fayeh 
Daher and Ferial Daber. 

A Beirut-based terrorist 
group, calling itself the Anti- 
Imperialist International Bri- 
gades, has claimed responsi- 
bility for the assassination of 
the French military attache in 
Beirut on Thursday. 

In a message to offices of the 
Agence France-Presse news 
agency, the group said: “All 
French diplomats will be our 
revolutionaries’ _ target until 
Waroujan Garbidjian, Geor- 
ges Ibrahim Abdullah and 
Anis Naccache and their com- 
rades are released. 

“The fete of Mitterrand and 
Chirac will be the same as that 
of the military attache 

Argentinian to 
Falklands for 
son’s funeral 

The father of an Argentin- 
ian airman killed in the Falk- 
lands war is to be allowed to 
attend his son's funeral in the 
Falklands. the Foreign Office 
announced last night 
He may be. the first 
Argentinian to set fool on the 
islands since they were in- 
vaded in 1982. Flight 
Lieutenant Miguel Giminez's 
body was discovered in his 
crashed Pucara fighter on Blue 
Mountain at the end of 


Accident |Next week 

Now the drug will be made 
available, under clinical sup- 
ervision, to all Aids patients 
suffering from PCP. Dr David 
Barry, vice-president for re- 
search at Burroughs, said. 
This is estimated to involve 

6.000 people. As yet patients 
in whom Aids manifests itself 
in other ways, such as 
Kaposi's Sarcoma, a skin can- 
cer, are not to be included. 

Aids has been diagnosed in 

24.000 Americans, about half 

By Peter Davenport 

Improved safety standards 
i will be the legacy of the 
Manchester air disaster. Mr 
Colin Marshall, the chief exec- 
utive of British Airways said 
yesterday at the end of the 
inquest on the 55 passengers 
and crew who died 
British Airways had in- 
troduced many of the changes 
of recommendation outlined 
during the 1 0-day inquest in 
Manchester, he said 
Mr Marshall was speaking 
after the Jury had returned - 
verdicts of; accidental death on 
all S3 passengers and two 
stewardesses who died on on 
August' 22 last year when 
smoke and flames engulfed a 
British Ainours Boeing 737 
after a “catastrophic 
explosion” in the port engine. 

The Pratl and Whitney 
engine involved had been and 
still is regarded as one of the 
most reliable in the world The 
rupture of a combustor can 
which triggered the events was 
Mr Marshall added: “The 
coroner explained that the 
engine failure in the Manchcs- 

Reports, background 2 
Leading article 9 

ter accident was more than a 
many millions to one chance.” 

He added"However. we 
have noted his statement that 
there is no blame that can be 
attached lo anyone for the 
accident particularly with re- 
gard to the state of knowledge 
at that time "Mr Marshall 
outlined six changes made to 
the fleets of British Airways 
aad . its subsidiary British 

• Replacement- combustion 
chambers on Boeing 737 air- 
. craft are all new units. 

• Pilots will stop aircraft on 
the runway to assess a prolv 
lem, rather than attempt tq 
pull clear. Idiots have also 
been told to take into consid- 
eration any win'd and 'its 
possible effect on a fire. 

• Modifications have been 
made to doors to make sure 
the jamming which occurred 
at Manchester cannot happen 

• British Airways engineers 
have pioneered methods of 
examining combustion cham- 
bers on Boeing 737s using X- 
ray and Boro scope tests. 

• The airline was the first to 
order fireblocking fabric for 
aircraft seats. 

• The airline is continuing to 
work for a design for pas- 
senger smoke hoods. 

During the inquest evidence 
was given that Pratt & Whit- 
ney. the engine makers, had 
issued letters about possible 
problems in the combustion 
chambers of the JT8D. Airline 
officials told the coroner that 
they had believed those letters 
referred not to their engines 
but lo an earlier unmodified 

My fight 
by Robert 

• Starting on 
Monday, The Times 
carries the first 
authentic account of 
how the Militant 
Tendency tried to 
oust Robert 
Kilroy-Silk from his 
safe Labour 

Day by day, his 
diary shows: 

• how a fellow MP 
offered him the 
option of standing 
down or being 

• how Militant set 
out to take control 
by packing 

• how his 
supporters faced 
physical intimidation 

• how he felt 
betrayed by 

• how he reached 
the decision to 
resign his seat 

• It is Kilroy-Silk's 
own, intimate diary 
ofthe plotting, the 
threats and the 
patronage that gave 
Merseyside politics 

All next week 
in The Times 



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Coroner blames millions-tp -one chaflce = for 

Safer flights: 
a monument ImJuL fj| 
to death of LSgOffi 

55 on jet BBPgSSrL 

Terminal I 


-■ By Peter Davenport 

Safer sir travel for millions the flames and smoke at the 
pf passengers will be the fuselage, 
monument to the memory of The inquest beard that 
the 55 victims of the Mancbes- pilots' instructions on dealing 
ter air disaster, the coroner with emergencies have been 
who conducted the inquest changed in the wake of the 
said yesterday. Mr Leonard disaster and new maintenance 
Gorodkin said that as a result and engine checking tecb- 

of the disaster, improvements niques have been adopted by 
in safely standards are being British Airways, 
made; He described the in- .Earlier, during the hearing 
cideni as a combination of the jury was told of delays in 
events coming together at the opening of exit doors, of 

n at 

[9.00 00 

odds of many millions to one 
against and for which nobody 
was to blame. 

Mr Gorodkin made his 

water hydrants found to be 
dry on the airfield and of 
confusion about procedures 
for escorting outside fire appli- 

ftymai y 

i** . • ■ 

Hru hydrant 


comments to survivors and ances on to the airfield. But 
the relatives of some of the yesterday "Mr Gorodlcm said 
victims after the jury at Man- that none of these had contrib- 
cftesier bad returned verdicts uted to the loss oflife. A senior 
of accidental death on the S3 

passengers and two inquest that aD those who died 
stewardesses who died when were either dead or irretriev- 
"Smoke and flames engulfed ably poisoned by cyanide and 
the British Airtours Boeing carbon monoxide fumes or 

that none of these had contrib- Flight to disaster How the accident overtook the holiday jet on the Maracfa?^ runway- where ran dry, the 

uted to the loss oflife. A senior way in which the aircraft tawed, how the wind directed flames afetiie ^lage,and how the exit door jumped. 

Five points Scientists rebuild wreckage 

isi 32 last year. from the effects of intense heat 
“As a result of within two minutes. 

737 on August 22 last year. 

He said: “As a result of 
these inquiries, there are He said that the inquiry bad 
improvements being made provided two fundamental 
within the industry and I hope lessons; first, that the pilots 
it will make it safer for all of us and the aircraft industry were 
to travel. Increased safety can now more' aware of the effects 
be a monument for the mem- ofevan a slight wind on 
.oryof the death of your loved on board an aircraft and, 
ones.* 1 secondly, that emergency exit 

. He said that those who routes must be made mote 

ones.* 1 secondly, that emergency exit 

. He said that those who routes must be made mote 
survived should have no feel- easily accessible to passengers 
ings of guilt about escaping trapped in dense, choking 
when others died. The pnme smoke, 
instinct, be said, was to sur- Officials of the GvS Avi- 
<vive and he was certain no one ation Authority listed 12 les- 
Jfiad done so at the expense of sons that tod been learnt from 

others. . . a sc 

For some of these surviving ^ 
passengers and crew from the 
ill-fated flight KX328 to 
Corfu, a fire alarm in the 
middle of yesterday’s proceed- 
ings was an uncomfortable 
experience. ? 

; The court in Manchester 
town Hall had to be moved 
out after a smoke detector on 
the roof was set off 
During the 10 days of 
evidence from 68 witnesses, 
the jury heard a detailed 
account of die last seconds of 
the holiday flight and the 
investigation that followed. 

The aircraft had been 
cleared for take-off shortly • 
after 7aru and was accelerating 
towards lift-off when a *»_ 
combuster can in the port 
wing Pratt and Whitney JT8D 
engine, regarded as one of the the 
most reliable in the world. Bra 

a so for incomplete inquiry by 

raised by 
the jury 

The jory made foe following Scientists at the Depart- 
ure recommendations: meat of Trade's Accident 

• Discontinuing the use of Investigation Brandt at Faro 

repaired combustor cans is borough, Hampshire, are 
aircraft engines. British Aft- sceptical about utrodudng 
ways has already introduced the recommendations made 
that policy change. by the jury in the Manchester 

• The automatic replacement air disaster inquest. 

* They m compiling a de- 
tailed technical report into the 
accident which will contain 
"Xg proposals for preventing such 

®5erator? Me toavoM But ft will be months before 
Hhno derstaudings- it Is completed and, although 

The inquest was told that the jury's views wffl be stud- 
ritish Airways had thought 11 « '***'*! °f 

at letters about possible them will be put mto practical 
obierns m the JRD re- effecL 
rred only to earlier, unuodf- : For example, endless tests 
id engine models which were have shown that only by 
d fitted on their fleet having a door that opens 

The aircraft desiga should rn wards can the fuselage 
t changed so that over-wing strength of the aircraft be 
its open untwards rather maintained near the middle, 
an into the cabin. An outwardly opening door 

Consideration should he could blow out as the 

to learn lessons from blaze 

British Airways had though* 
that letters about psssiil© 
problems on the JT8D re- 
ferred only to earlier, unmodi- 
fied engine models which were 
not fitted on their fleet 

• The aircraft design should 
be dunged so that over-wing 
exits open outwards rather 
than into the cabin. 

• Consideration should he a suggestion by the 
Acchfent Investigation Brandi 
fqr the complete removal of aO 
seats In raw 10 on Boeing 737s 

pressurization increases. 

■ At first sight it seems. 

straightforward to Change mis 
around. But int practice it 

The suggestion of taking - 
away an entire row of seals 
alongside the s exit — at find 
sight ag ain eminently sen- 
sible — is one that the sci- 
entists at Farnborough have 
studied in detail and rejected. 

- The reason is that -if an 
entire cow of seats is remoyed 
it wifl .provide room for two 
files of people to get to the 
door together. Yet the door is 
wide enough for only one 
person. There would, there- 
fore, be a jam as people fobght 
to get out together. 

Instead, the Gvfl Aviation 
Authority, after the recom- 
mendations already made to 
them frtun the team of sn at 
Farnborough, asked for the 
gap between the seats to be 

The gapwasdefiberadey set 
at a distance that would allow 
one single file of people to 
reach the door thus allowing 
non-stop jumping out 

British Airwayshasf stopped 

Mr Ltaari.Gbroilloii: no- 
body to blame. . 

the Accident Investigation , 
Branch of the Department of 

ruptured, triggering a series of Transport Smoke hoods and 1U1 ucci 
events that led to an explosion better emergency exits are „ _ . . . - . , 

and fire that rapidly engulfed among the proposals bong- uyjoan ifflOTg,Agr» 

the aircraft. considered as a result After weeks of prev ari cation 

A fragment of the can Mr Gorodkin said dial he the Government has decided 
shattered an under-wing ac- did not propose to mate any to seek a partial devaluation of 
cess panel allowing hundreds recommendations because all the green pound, the exchange 
of gallons of aviation fuel to the relevant authorities were rate that underpins the prices 
spray on to the hot engine. in court and aware of the which British formers receive 
Mr Peter Temngton, the implications. for their produce, 

captain, at first believed the He again praised the actions Mr Michael Jopling, Min- 
sound be had heard was a tyre of the cabin crew who sur- jsier of Agriculture, said yes- 
bursting. He ordered a stop to vived and helped passengers today that the Government 
the take-off and, in accordance to escape and the firemen who would be seeking a 6 per cent 
with guidance in operation at tackled the fire. He said that adjustment for beef and a 2 
the tune, taxied off the run- all those involved with the yjct cent adjustment for other 

spray on to the hot engine. 

Mr Peter Temngton, the 
captain, at first believed the 

jreen pound gain 
for beef fanners 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

After weds of prevarication 
the Government has decided 

rate that underpins the prices 
which British formers receive 
for their produce. 

Mr Michael Jopling, Min- 

way. However, that caused his incident on that day had acted 
aircraft to come to a baft in a correctly. 

vived and hoped passengers today that the Government 
to escape and the firemen who would be seeking a 6 per cent 
tackled the fire. He said that adjustment for beef and a 2 
all those involved with the per cent adjustment for other 

partial crosswind thus driving 

Leading article, page 9 

livestock products. 

Mr Simon Gourlay, presi- 
dent of the National Fanners' 



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Union, welcomed the de- 
cision, but added that the 
adjustment was small 

“Green” currencies are an 
invention of the EEC common 
agricultural policy and are 
intended to prevent form ex- 
ports from any member coun- 
try from benefiting excessively 
from a real foil in the exchange 
value of that country's 

The green currency system 
was devised by the West 
German government in the 
early days of the EEC. 

Greens to 
plot their 

The Green Party began its 
annual conference at New- 
castle upon Tyne yesterday by 
discussing how to strike at the 
heart of the main -political 
parties at the next general 

The party is p la n ning to put 
up 150 candidates, compared 
with 109 at the last general 
election, at a cost of £200,000, 
raised partly from its 6,000 
members - although there 
arc plans to approach workers' 
co-operatives, and “green- 
style” industries for help. 

At the last election, aD 109 
candidates lost their deposits. 
Since then the percentage of 
the vote needed to keep a 
deposit has been lowered to 
five, but the deposit itself has . 
risen to £500. 

At this year’s local elections 
the Green Party gamed two 
extra councillors. 

from Aids virus 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

"Hie new drag fehich ap- However, the, drug is un- 
pears to help to keep Aids ‘ likely to be suitable for treat- 
victims alive works by offer- ihgaH forms of the disease and 
ing protection to the cells that "• many more tests on its safety 
the virus attacks and destroys. ..and efficacy will be required 
_ . . - . .. before it covrid becotne gen- 

. Scientists found m lab- eralfy available, 
oratory tests last year that, 'the 

drag tad the abflfty to hinder a second set of trials is 
nuutipticaliOD of the virus. by befog prepared in the United 
blocking reproduction of ns States and the company is 

Mocking reproduction of its 
genetic materiaL 

i Tire results of the first tests 
I of the drag, azidothymiduie, 
known as AZT, involving 
patients in America,, have 
strongly supported that ev- 
idence. ; 

The encouraging outcome 
means that many more 
American patients wffl be 
given tire treatment in further 
trials, and that some British 
patients are likely to be in- 
cluded, probably early next 

The drug has been devel- 
oped in the United Stales by 
the British-owned pharm- 
aceutical company. Burroughs 
Wellcome, using some of the 
expertise that led it to the first 
Successful treatment for her- 
pes viral infections. 

. The earliest tests pf tire 
compound on Aids sufferers 
last year showed that it pro- 
tected T-cells. the body’s main 
tine of defence, from befog 

It is the virus’s destructive 
power that gives the disease 
the description oftiie acquired 
immune deficiency syndrome. 

But the cdh died when the 
drag was withdrawn, indicat- 
ing that life-tong trea t m e nt 
would be necessary. 

setting up n'siinilar series of 
tests to be carried out simulta- 
neously in several European 

Some patients in Britain are 
likely -to be involved an the 
tests, which could begu eariy 
next year. 

Stand countries neeSl to be 
involved because the trials 
require large numbers of 

The Wellcome Foundation, 
the British parent company of 
Burroughs Welcome, said last 
night: “The tests among pa- 
tients in Europe 1 - wifi not be 
identical to those conducted 
hi the United Stales. 

“It is difficult to say which 
category of Aids jpatitas are 
most likely to be involved. , 

Alliance defence 
split reopened 

by liberal MPs 

- w _ „ i c*»«r 

BySh«toGw^ p ^ lic * ,S< * ,f . . „ - 

MBs strong tide Of opinion wrthiti 

Liberal Mrs oartv and would make a 
contribution" to 
**. next week’* debates* . 

Most of the document is 
foasiztng Jbe 0 rgencral statements 

,imcnttoum- ffafuSoal disarm* 

- A group of 1 liberal MFs 
forced open the split on 
Alliance defence policy^ yes- 
terday by . releasing a docu- 
menl re-emphasizing tne 
party’s commitment to uni- 
lateral disarmament- 

lateral tfisannament. mentand defence policies. 

The document wfll erobarj t “In solely 

comes out less than two dag 
before the Stan oftiie Liberals 
annual assembly in Eas t- 

• It vrill also anger SOP chiefs 
who thouaht they had sop- 
cetad at Hamreaie in paaty- 
ing tire objections of most 
- Liberals- to Dr David Owen’s 
[firm stance on tire replace- 
1 meat ofFolaris while winning 

support for their leader. 

. fort the. publication could 
I also : backfire ou a the 
unilaterafist dement, which is 
becoming' increasingly iso- 
lated within tire party- 
Mr Smon Hughes, MP for 
Soutftwalrk and Bermondsey, 

I Mr 

Kirkwood, MP for what proportion 
and Berwickshire, investments they 1 

Michael Mead- 
oweroft, MP for Leeds Wert, 
wrote Across the Divide: Lib - 
end Values - for Defence and 
Dis armam ent with members 

am* jii ■■■■ »_ m . 

laris with Trident would 
dearly be an escalation in the 
level of our nuclear capability 
and. hence, totally un- 
acceptable.” . _,L 

• British companies should 
have to say how much they 
spend on research and 
development and explain 
their long-term investment 
policy (Martin Fletcher 

W The'dearing banks should 
also have to declare their 
investment policy and tam 
maturity schedule, while life 
insurance companies and pen- 
sion fiinds should disclose 
what proportion of weir 
investments they had held. 

These were among pro- 
posals announced yesterday 
by the Liberal spokesman on 
trade; Mr Faddy Ashdown, 
and by the former party 

of the National League of president, 

Young UberaJsand tire Union designed to tackle what they 
ofUbenil Students. describe as deeply damaging 

Mr Hughes said yesterday short-term attitudes in the 
that be believed it reflected “a British economy. 

BrHarray Elfiptt, Aft- Corespondent 

it- would cause even greater Faniborough, through the 
ml problems in flight. CAA and tire Department of 

Transport, must persuade the 
Federal Aviation Administra- 
tion in the United States to 
force every airline using those 
engines' to do the same. 

To bdp the team, under Mr 
Dave King, prindapl inspec- 
tor, is tire wreckage from the 
site of the fire. The remains 
were transported from Man- 
chester to Faniborough and 
then painstakingly rebuilt • 

That is particularly helpful 
in examining the position of 
the ihrust reversers which, it is 
thought, may have helped to 
direct foe flames towards the 


The experts arc also subjectT 
fog the engine to every pos- 
sible pretamirgical test ‘ 

Key changes to the design of 
the aircraft -and to evacuation 
practices have beat made, 
with exit seat widening, mon- 
itoring of engines, modifica- 
tions of the emergency chutes, 
fire-resistant seats, floor emer- 
gency .fighting and . spKtioe 
detectors fo- foe {Mutinies 
made mandatory.. .... 

NGA unresolved 
on Wapping vote 

By Tim Jones 

The executive committee of Speaking York 

lie National Graphical hat night, Mr Bffl OTStefll, 
■mAKwi vesterday post* who fed tire News 

the National Graphical bat night. Mr mu urvau. 
Association yesterday post- who tod t he .N ews Inter- 
pqfj oatfl next wetk a de- national ^e^tiating team, 
dsion w whether to ballot that foe current 

their members on the final terms were “the best, last and 
ogfcar made by News Ifoer- finaT. ^ 

national to ^ settle tte eight- He added: “The pre- 
moeth Wapping dispete. reqeisite tint the ofler wg 
■ The executive did not for- have to be recommended by 
utaOy dbcass a recommendn- the nafons to theft membere or 
tin before them from 30 be withdrawn, still stands.” 
FOCs (anion branch of- • Mr Eric HananoniL leader 
fitials), formerly employed by of foe e lectricians’ union, the 
the company font ballot tonus EETPU, yesterday cut short a 
be Sent: out vfft a:recom- six- day visit to Norway and 
mendation to reject tire offer, retmned to Imd« after 
All aaious involved in tire . accusing his hosts of being 
dispute, which cokctiu V “craven and griing in to 

print workers who were din- bhcteuT. 

Mr Hammond, who was to 
Have delivered foe fraternal 
company “fob ®fter-wfll be the Norwegian 

tiectrlcnl workers’ conference, 
fftfoatumiM agrees ^torrcom- had to endure, as he entered 

aSL* tiw baU to Oslo, a crowd of 

tohnwremannetsontlieoller, mftionnl print workers whose 

Jobs hb members are accused 

accepted by October s SO for, 
foe union has not formally . 

recommended the Offer to Conference organizers ex- 
members bat will drcnbte all * pected another demonrtradon 
members with the composfs daring hb address and irifo- 


drew the invitation. 

Hattersley Salisbury 
challenge Plain oO 
on taxes leakage 

Bb Martin Ftotcher - ■ By A Staff Reporter 

Polftical Corrcspofld^Dt \i/#.e ^ — ■- 

PoUtical Correspondent 

’Mr Roy Hattersley, tire 
Labour shadow OiaDceflor, 
hit back yesterday at Tory 
criticism of his tax and social 
security programme, accusing 
Mr Nigel Lawson of being the 
“invisible Chaocdtor” ■ until 

■ By A Staff Reporter 

Water board engineers were 
checking pollution damage af- 
ter more than 6,000 gallons of 
light fuel oQ leaked on Salis- 
bury Plain yesterday in a 
pipeline accident 

Firemen fought for 90 mfo- 

the tax benefits, of the super- utes .to repair a fracture in the 
rich were threat en ed. Esso pipeline from Soulhamp- 

. On. Thursday, night' Mr ton to Avonmouth, at Gore 
Lawson had churned that Gross near the village of West 

Labour's tax proposals, un- 
veiled thaf day, would put up 
tax for those earning more 
than £500 a week to at least 70 

Lavington, Wiltshire. 

The accident fat 
when engineers from 

percent— affecting more than I Water Authority, laying an 

a m ill ion people. 

1 8 in supply main, struck the 

"Supplresof ttedrtwarcat present Goverimrem, but of 
tiie rnomem very hmited and, ignoring the £32 billion in 
although we arc working hand extra taxes paid by the 

Bui In a stinging riposte oil pipeline about flft deep and 
yesterday, Mr Hattersley ac- caused, a , 6u \_ rupture which 
cu^ed Mr Lawsonof^ring- g“ hed o' 1 /° r 
fox to the defence” of a tiny .® >ure before tire flow could be 
minority of taxpayers who had stopped, 
received tax handouts total- rtil . . . . 

ling £3.6 billion under foe “*! 

Most of the oil leaked into 

SSent-Goverimtent, but of ^disappearing 

ignoring tire ' £32 billion in into but a spokes- 

lo scale up production^ tfc will remainder, 
be restricted tonse in dmical h- u, i 

evaluation.” . ^He xtalleireed Mr Lawson 

to say how he will reduce a 
The American tests showed tong-term unemployment fig- 
m tire drug coidd produce ure now greater than foe total 
de effects such as anaemia, unemployment figure of 1979, 

man for the water authority 
said water supplies should not 
be affected. 

that the drug coidd produce 
side effects rach as anaeimia. 

and only those patients' who how be intends to remedy 
are considered to be able to record unemployment queues, 

tolerate those side effects tire 
likely to be 7 offiated the 

and how he intends to help the 
10 million people now hying 
in poverty. ‘ 


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Hurd to change prison 
disciplinary process 

By Peter Evans, Horae Affairs Correspoadent 

A new system for drafing bonds do their adjudicatory 
with serious disciplinary task competently, but be found 




QlBfe “YoQwa.'tbDy.brttafnrinrW’ 

with serums disciplinary 
charges in prison b to be 
introduced by foe Home Sec- 
retary; Mr Dontias Hind. 

The task wifl be removed 
from tire boards of visitors, but 
they will continue to act as the 
public’s watchdogs. 

Mr Hmd intends to create 
for each prison n panel of lay 
adjudicators who wffl fimerioa 
alongside, but separately 
from, the board of visitors. 

Members of the boards wffl 
be able to serve as members of 
foe one body or foe other, bat 
not both. Members of the 
adjudicatory panel will be able 
to serve in more than Me 
Mr Hmd believes that 

task competently, but be found ! 
persuasive tire argues* tint 
their adjudicatory functions 
did not ait comfortably; ' 

“I have beat partfcutady 
conscious that this fission wffl 
enable members of boards of , 
visitors to focus and con - 1 
ceafrate on what I have always 
regarded, and what I know 
many of you regard, as . your 
primary task, that of being foe 
public’s watchdog ever* what 
goeson in prisons % hetolifoe 
annual conference of ■ *he 
Prison Boards of VMtacs at 
Nottingham yesterday. 

Mr Hmd hopes to nse the 
Criminal Justice ML ex- 
pected m the next session, to 
implement the changes. - 









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to act after 
three social 
workers die 

By Jill Sherman 

of ^“1* by ihe Association of Direc- 



wastes SfiBss 

P^pfe who would otherwise 

social workers in the past 18 
months the Government is to 
call a conference on the safety 
or social service department 

In addition the Association 
of Directors of Social Services 
is to produce guidelines which 
all local authorities could 
follow and set op a working 
pany to collect information 
on the problem. 

The death of the Bexhill 
social worker, Frances 
Berteridge. at the hands of her 
client's boy friend last month 
has provoked widespread con- 
cern among social service 
departments for the safety of 
their staff. 

At the Social Services Direc- 
tors annual conference in 
Cardiff yesterday. Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of State for 
Social Services, announced 
that the Government con- 
ference would bring together 
managers and staff from the 
NHS, social security and per- 
sonal social services. 

“We have a responsibility to 
the caring profession to ensure 
that they have the best avail- 
able protection. Those who 
help the public are entitled to 
help from the public. The 
community has a duty to 
protect those who serve it,” 
Mr Fowler said. 

The problem was found 
throughout the caring ser- 
vices, particularly in accident 
and emergency departments 
and psychiatric wards, he said. 
“Hie Government fully rec- 
ognizes the importance of 
combating violence against 
staff, whatever their 

He emphasized the need for 
greater security in all health- 
service premises and said the 
Department of Health aimed 
to train social security staff to 
identify potentially violent 
situations and to take steps to 
prevent assault. 

The guidelines announced 

press for 
new TV 

Japan is refusing to .admit 
defeat in its batile to introduce 
a new kind of television to 
Europe which is claimed to 
offer the possibility of cinema- 
quality pictures. 

At the International 
Broadcasting Convention in 
Brighton yesterday, the Japa- 
nese took over a cinema to 
show a 30-minute programme 
produced using a technique 
called High Definition- Tele 
vision (HDTV). While con- 
ventional European television 
uses 625 horizontal lines to 
make up a picture, the Japa- 
nese systems use 1.250 lines, 
producing images that are 
noticeable sharper. 

The Japanese demonstra- 
tion was a clear signal to 
European broadcasters that 
Japan has not been scared off 
by the efforts of European 
broadcasting authorities to 
stop HDTV from being 
adopted as a worldwide stan- 
dard. Europeans fear that 
acceptance of HDTV would 
permit Japan to dominate the 
future market. 

• The Government has ap- 
proved a BBC-developed sys- 
tem of stereo television. The 
fust stereo transmissions are 
expected to start within two 

Stereo television receivers 
are expected to cost about 
£100 more than cu rrent sets. 

London judges 
asked to 
work overtime 

Judges at the Central Crim- 
inal Court in London are 
being asked to work overturn 
to cut the growing backlog or 
cases a wailing trial. 

From October 6 the court s 
*•0 judges will be expected to 
sit from iOam unul 5pm, an 
extra hour and a half each day. 

There are 1,200 cases await- 
ing hearing, an unacceptable 
level, according to a court 

The extra work the judos ^ 
being asked to undertake is 
part of a ^ndoti-^cro^ 
court “blitz to reduce the 
waiting list- 

tors of Social Services yes- 
terday are likely to be issued in 
the next two months. They 
could include personal alarms 
for social workers and a 
recommendation that female 

workers should not visit di- 
ems on their own. 

Mr Fowler also announced 
that a fundamental review of i 
personal social services will be i 
published later this year to | 
complement initiatives al- 
ready undertaken in social 
security and primary health 
care. The Green Paper ini- 
tially promised in 1984 would 
appear in the next few 
months, he said. 

Mr Fowler emphasized that 
the new document would need 
to take into account proposals 
in the Social Security Act 
passed in July and the White 
Paper on primary health care 
now under discussion. But he 
dismissed speculation that the 
Green Paper would include 
compulsory tendering of local 
authority ancillary services, 
meals-on-wheels or domicili- 
ary services, following similar 
moves in the health service. 
“This is not something under 
consideration,” Mr Fowler 
said. He made it clear that the 
Green Paper would put fur- 
ther emphasis on community 
care, a responsibility shared 
by health, social security and 
personal social services. 
Community care policies had 
already significantly im- 

The Princess of Wales with Com m ander Toby Elliott, on the conning tower of the nuclear powered submarine, HMS 
Trafalgar, last month. The royal visit is one of the highlights of fa Private, In Public the Prince and Princess of Wales, an 
ITN programme, being shown tomorrow and Monday (Photograph: Thu Graham /ITN). 

have spent years in institu- 
tions cut off finom normal 

The number of children in 
long-stay hospitals had 
dropped from 7, 100 in 1 969 to 
590 in 1985. 

Mr Fowler also reassured 
soda! workers that resources 
would be provided to retain 
the present level of soda! 
worker training. 

Paris trips 
by British 

Travel agencies yesterday 
reported a 20 per cent drop in 
tourism to Paris as hundreds 
of travellers cancelled plans to 
visit die French capital, after 
six bombings there in the past 
two weeks. 

Agency spokesmen in Lon- 
don complained of cancella- 
tions and a sharp drop In 
bookings after Wednesday's 
blast, m which five people 
were killed and 61 injured. But 
several travel agencies said the j 
majority of holidaymakers are 1 
still travelling to Paris. 

Ten people have died and 
more than 250 have been 
injured in the 12 bomb attacks 
curried out in Paris and on the 
Paris-Lyous express train in 
the past nine months. - 
A London-based French 
travel agency reported that 
about 25 per cent or tourists, 
who were set to visit Paris in 
(he next fortnight, have can- 
celled their bookings in the 
past few days. 

A spokesman said that sev- 
eral people, who telephoned to 
cancel tbeir reservations, 
asked to be booked into other 
French resorts while some 
postponed their holiday plans. 
He said that these holiday- 
makers gave (he recent spate 
of bomb explosions in Paris as 
the reason for changing their 

A spokesman for the Air 
Travel Advisory Bureau said 
that there had been a decline 
In the number of calls from 
people inquiring about trips to 
Paris in the past week. 

“People have become wary 
of going to Paris for the 
weekend,” he said. 

The London office of an 
American agency, however, | 
reported no cancellations hi 1 
the past two weeks. 

And, a spokeswoman for the 
French Embassy in London, 
confirmed a steep increase in 
visa applications. 

“We now require tourists 
from all countries - except 
the II EEC countries and . 
Switzerland - to obtain visas I 
to visit France. That has 1 
naturally caused a flood of 
applications, especially from 
Americans," she said. 

French security, page 5 

Four jailed 
for savage 

Three youths who carried 
out a “brutal and savage 
attack” on a young British 
Transport policeman were 
sentenced to eight years' youth 
custody yesterday. A fourth, 
who is 21, was sent to prison 
for eight years. 

The four were all convicted 
of causing grievous bodily 
barm with intent toPolice 
Constable Neil Harvey, aged 
28. He suffered multiple skull 
and fecial fractures after the 
attack and had to be put on a 
life support machine. 

■ The four youths were all 
cleared after a 13-day trial of 
attempted murder and of 
causing grievous bodily harm 
with intent to resist arrest. 

The four were: Alan Rich- 
j ardson, aged 19, and his 
brother Colin, aged 18, both of 
Beeston Road, Nottingham; 
David James, aged 21, who 
was jailed, and John Mel- 
nichenko, aged 19, both of 
Gregory Street, Lemon, Not- 

Mr Brian Appleby, QC, for 
the prosecution, said that PC 
Harvey, married with a young 
son, was attacked while on 
early morning patrol in Castle 
Meadow Road, Nottingham, 
The youths were told by Mr 
Justice Tucker at Nottingham 
Crown Court: “This was a 
brutal and sustained attack”. 
All four youths pleaded not 
guilty to all three charges. 
They claimed that they made 
false confessions under police 

Add rain 

35 years to end pollution 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
Britain's share of add rain London conference organized fish, but was sceptical about , 

from power stations win dwin- 
dle almost to nothing in the 
next 35 years. Lord Marshall 
of Goring, 

Board, predicted yesterday. 

“After the torn of the cen- 
tury our existing stations will 
be replaced by new stations 
that do not emit sulphur,” he 

Mr WHEam Waldegrave, a 
Minister of State at the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment, said that it was tech- 
nically possible to conquer 
add rain and the damage it 
caused. “There is light at the 
end of the tunnel on this." 

Both men emphasized, at a 

by the National Society for 
Clean Mr, that elimination of 
add from soO and fresh water 
would take a long time and 
that add rain originating from 
power stations was not the 
only cause of damage. 

“People in Scandinavia 
have told me that it is not the 
acidic deluge that is mnng 
trees," Mr Waldegrave said. 
“It is something much more 
complicated than that." 

Lord Marshall said that 
recent research had sepported 
early board scepticism about 
the extent of arid rain damage 
and the size of Britain's share 
of it He conceded that add 
rain faffing on add soil killed 

links claimed between add 
rain and damage to trees in 

But there might be a Gnk 
between ozone and damage to 
trees. “We do not regard that 
as proven," he said. We notice 
tire possibility that add mist 
ought be a culprit, and we are 
suspending judgement on 
that" Once the culprit was 
found. Lord Marshall added, 
the soil add would not dwindle 

“Sntphor has been building 
np in the soil for decades, or 
even centuries. What we have 
to face now is that the aridity 
might take decades to leach 
out completely.” 

IRA informer ‘a gift horse’ 

A police officer explained at 
the Central C riminal Court 
yesterday why he continued to 
“run" an IRA informer al- 
though the material he was 
passing on contained lies. 

Del Supt Alan Law, head of 
Lancashire Special Brandi, 
told the jury: “We do not look 
a gift horse in the mouth. 
Informers in the IRA are very 

Mr Lawsakf he also became 
aware that Raymond 
O’Connor, aged 50, a petty 
criminal, was “given to 

But although they treated 
Mr O'Connor with caution, 
□either his drinking nor his 1 5 

convictions deterred the 
undercover officers from 
using his services. 

On trial is Thomas Maguire, 
aged 27, who, according to Mr 
O’Connor, the main prosecu- 
tion witness, acted as go- 
between in a plot to blow up 
the Eagle and Child Inn, used 
by soldiers and their families 
from the Army camp at 
Weeton, BlackpoooL 

Mr Maguire {deads not 
guilty to conspiring between 
January 1982 and April 1983 
with Patrick Magee, Patrick 
Murray and others to cause an 
explosion in the United 

Mr Law, who was being 

cross-examined by Mr Mi- 
chad Mansfield, for the de- 
fence, denied his department 
would go “to almost any 
length” to get information 
from people who claimed to 
be inside the IRA. 

He rejected Mr Mansfield's 
suggestion that he would push 
people very hard to get 
information about Irish ter- 
rorists. “I would spend time 
with them and encourage 
them," he said. 

Mr O’Connor was a “walk- 
in" who had taken the initia- 
tive and approached the 

The hearing continues on 

Women to 
keep up 
chain vigil 
at dump 

By Trndi McIntosh 

A group of Lincolnshire 
housewives said yesterday 
they will remain chained to a 
tractor blocking the main 
entrance to the proposed 
nuclear waste site at Futbeck 
until police unpadlock them. 

One of the protesters, Mrs 
Rachel Toyne, aged 21, from 
Welbourne. who ts six months 
pregnant, said she had volun- 
teered to help to maintain a 
chained vigil as a last resort to 
delay test drilling equipment 
1 being delivered to the site. 

She said she will remain 
| chained to the tractor at least 
seven hours each day until 
contractors, employed by 
Nirex, the government 
j nuclear waste agency, turn up 

Police yesterday had to 
carry away protesters who lay 
down on the road in front of 
the main entrance gates at the 
Killingholme site in south 

A convoy of nine lorries 
with a police escort turned up 
at the site at 6.30am. Bui anti- 
nuclear protesters blocked the 
main entrance with five cars. 

As police moved the cars I 
and protesters, Nirex con- ; 
tractors used bolt cutlers to 
cut a chain on the gate. i 

A Humberside Against ! 
Nuclear Dumping spokesman , 
said sheriffs officers threw 
copies of the High Court 
injunction obtained last week, 
at the feel of the protesters 
who refused to take them. 

The Killingholme move 
came 24 hours after a High 
Court injunction had been 
served against some of the 24 
Humberside protesters named 

Contractors delivered drill- 
ing equipment to the 
Bradwdl-on-Sea dumping ate 
in Essex in a similar early 
morning move last Tuesday. 

Mr Austin Mitchell, Labour 
MP for Grimsby, has com- 
plained about the way the 
injunctions have been served 
on Humberside protesters af- 
ter almost a week's delay. 

Detective on 
secrets charge 

A Hampshire private detec- I 
live appeared in Winchester 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday 
accused of contravening the 
Official Secrets Act after a 
police investigation into al- 
leged misuse of the police 
national computer. 

Stephen Bartlett, aged 26, 
from Basingstoke, was re- 
manded on bail of £1,000. 

The police said they had 
also interviewed a police ser- 
geant in the West Midlands 
force and a private detective : 
from the Wolverhampton j 
area. 1 


Win pays 
for diving 

Mr Paul Stoxne from 
Farnboroogh, Hampshire, was 
yesterday's sole winner of The 
Times Portfolio Gold prize of 

Mr Shone, the director of a 
computer software company, 
i said he had been playing the 
Portfolio Gold game since it 

“I am delighted to have 
won." he said yesterday. 

Mr Stoaae, aged 36. said 
that he would spend his 
| winnings on a scuba diving 
excursion in HawaiL 
Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Tilled in 

Linda Gibbs pot blank bet- 
ting slips through the till at 
William Hill bookmakers in 
Kentish Town, north London, 
where she worked as a part- 
time cashier, Highbury mag- 
istrates were told yesterday. 

Next day she would enter 
the winner's name on the 
blank slip and claim the 
winnings, Mr Miles Barker, 
for the prosecution, said. 

Gibbs, aged 34. of Bircfaville 
Court, St John's Wood. Lon- 
don, admitted stealing £297 
from William HilL She also 
admitted stealing £5 from the 
company. She was allowed 
hail until October 17 for 

Mrs Payne to 
stand trial 

Mrs Cynthia Payne, aged 
53, charged with controlling 
prostitutes, elected for trial 
when she appeared at Camber- 
well Green Magistrates' Court 
in sooth London yesterday. 

A second charge alleging 
that Mrs Payne, of Ambleside 

Avenue, Streatham, south 

London, ran a brothel was 
adjourned indefinitely. 

Actor accused 

Dennis Waterman, of the 
TV series. Minder, is (o 
appear before Dorking mag- 
istrates in Surrey on Novem- 
ber 20 accused of a drink- 
driving offence. 

Girl tells of alleged 
assault as she prayed 

A schoolgirl told the Central The girl said that the night 
Criminal Court yesterday that before Easter Sunday the 

she was sexually assaulted by a 
self-styled preacher as he 

preacher and his wife arrived 
at about 2am, when she was 

ri at her bedside in the asleep. She said the wife woke 
le of the night. her up and said they wanted to 

e knelt beside mv bed pray for her. 

“He knelt beside my bed 
and he took my hand and 
prayed for me. After a couple 
of minutes I felt hazy. I did not 
actually black-out but 1 went 

He put his hands under the 
blanket feeling my body. I 
cannot remember anything 
after that- 1 just went out," the 
girl aged 15 whispered to the 

The prosecution has alleged 
that the South African-born 
preacher, aged 57, drugged 
and raped Christian virgins 
while pretending to give them 
religious guidance. 

He abused the trust placed 
in him by three women, Mr 
Hubert Dunn, QC, for the 
prosecution, has alleged. 

The preacher denies three 
charges of rape, two against 
the schoolgirl who was 14 at 
the time, and two charges of 
administering a stupefying 

The Australian schoolgirl 
who comes from a family who 

tnd and The wife made her a choc- 
a couple Okie drink and after she had 
I did not drunk it left the room, the girl ! 
t 1 went said 

She said the preacher knelt 
nder the by her bed and after saying a 
body. i prayer, began to fed her body, 
anything the prosecution has alleged 
jul"the i* e drink was laced with a 
d to the drug which induced stupor 
and unconsciousness, 
s alleged Its effect was such that a girt 
an -born could be raped and not 
drugged remember it afterwards, Mr 
virgins Dunn alleged He said one of 
vethem the alleged victims put her 
drowsy state afterwards down 
A placed 10 her experience of God 
nen, Mr Mr Dunn has claimed that 
for the on numerous occasions both 
ed in Australia and London, the 
es three preacher said prayers and then 
against had sexual intercourse with 
as 14 at the girl giving evidence 
arges of yesterday, 
apefying The girl told the court “I 
did not think someone who 
hoolgirl says he is a great evangelist 
lily who should go round raping people 


si . ‘ 


CoboS^Lut'J^yj >W«Mr| 





JjpPbik, pputn 

read the Bible daily, told the and doing the things he did 
court that the preacher and his “I did not tell anyone. I was 
wife arrived al the small just afraid of what people 
outback town of Dalby m would say. They would not 

l j 

Queensland where she lives. 

The girl said: "He preached 
about anything from the Bible. 
He laid hands on people's 
heads and prayed for them.” 

believe me, they would not 
believe the preacher would 
have sex with me. He was 
someone special.” 

In London the preacher is 

At the invitation of her alleged to have drugged two 
parents the preacher and his other women aged 26 and 27, 
wife came to their home. Her both born-again Christians 
parents were so impressed and virgins, and raped one. 
they lent him a car and invited The hearing continues on 

him back again, she said. Monday. 


Synthetic growth hormone developed 

» By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A method for 
synthetic version of tbe J5®£ 
roone w hit* controls growth m 
children has been dwtopedat 
the Centre for App bed Mioro- 
Wology at Ported Down, 

Wiltshire. _ - 
The first hatch of materia 

to replace the sow* tfwtnnl 
hormone growth hor *”°*: 
HGH. extracted frm® 
pituitary glands, is read} for 

Cll pSi£ri» *** 


Britain, and the Food and 
Drug Administration, in the 
United States. 

A deficiency of tne sno- 
stance occurs in about one in 
5.000 children, leading to 
stunted growth. Injection with 
the natural extracts, given 
while children are at the 
primary school stage, can 
increase growth by two to six 
inches a year - 

However, the treatment with 
tbe natural preparation was 
baited by the Department of 
Health last year- Doctors in 

Britain and (he United States 
found that some of their 
patients had been infected, 
unknowingly, .more than 12 
years earner by slow-acting 
viruses transmitted in the 

The infection is believed to 
have occurred when tbe treat- 
meat was first introdpeed. 
Since the inid*1970s it is 
hoped that better purification 
of die human tissue has pre- 
vented contamination. 

The synthetic compound is a 

The gene that normally in- 
structs the pitnitary gland to 
secrete HGH was extracted 
and spliced into a harmless 

Using a special method Of 
growing microbes in fermenta- 
tion tanks and of purifying the 
bbchemksUs they secrete, 
developed at Porton Down, the 
first batch of 400 litres was 
synthesized in 24 hoars. 

More than 20.000 pituitary 
grands would be needed to 
extract an equivalent amount 

product of genetic engineering, of natural hormone. 

Between January and April, the world "s most 
luxurious 5 star ships, Vista fjord and SagaTjurd. will be 
cruising to some of the world’s most beautiful places. 

You can join them for as lew as 12 da\ s or as many 
as J02. A 32 day VislaTjord holiday, for instance, could 
take you from Hong Kong to Los Angeles costing 
from £4-220. 

A magical 17 day holiday, sailing from Rio to 
Florida aboard Sagafjord. costs from £22ffi. 

And there are many mure r! mires bt",kli"'. (Those 
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land arrangements where necessary.) 

If temptation gets die better of ion completely, 
the 9J day Yisladjord cruise costs from 1") \ 12U, ,md 
the 102 du\s aboard Sagafjonl from £ I V)20. 

For full, highly irresistible details, including [King 
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| Sagafjord & Vi$laJV>rd World Cruising 1987 | 




Hurd accuses pressure 
groups of hindering 
efficient government 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs 

The growing role of pressure 
groups is getting in die way of 
good government, Mr Doug- 
las Hurd, Home Secretary, 
said yesterday. 

He issued a warning that 
their use of Cheer official 
information could harm the 
constitutional relationship be- 
tween the Government and 
the governed. 

“Members of Parliament 
■ and m i ni sters both in my view 
need to shake themselves free 
to some extent from the 
embrace of pressure groups 
and interest groups,” Mr Hurd 
said in a lecture to the Royal 
Institute of Public Admin- 

He spoke of “the growth of 
these groups, their increased 
dominance of the media and 
the deference with which poli- 
ticians regard them”. 

Mr Hurd said he does not 
see “magic” in the concept of 
freedom of information. 

The amount of information 
released by the Government 
in recent years had steadily 
expanded and the p rese nt 
Government had given the 
chance for wide consultation. 
That expansion would no 
doubt continue. 

“No one is satisfied with the 
present condition of the Of- 
ficial Secrets Act and no doubt 
in time to come some govern- 
ment will wish to put its hand 

to reform, as indeed this 
Government sought to do at 
the beginning of its term.” 

Mr Hurd said, however, be 
believes that one of the diffi- 
culties of the present system of 
government is the increasing 
rote of pressure and interest 

He said that they interpose 
themselves between the exec- 
utive on the one hand and 
Parliament and the electorate 
on the other. 

“If freedom of information 
amply means freedom for 
pressure groups to extract 
from the system only time 
pieces of information which 
buttress tfadr own Cause, then 
conceivably die result might 
be greater confusion. 

“Having said that, my 
experience has generally been 
that the wise politician is one 
who prefers to reveal rather 
than to oonceat and I believe 
that this rather basic motive 
will continue to increase the 
flow of information to the 

Mr Hurd added: “I would 
simply say as a practising 
politician that the weight of 
these groups, almost all of 
them pursuing a legitimate 
cause, has very substantially 
increased in recent years and 
adds greatly not just to the 
volume of work, but to the 
difficulty of adricvmg dc- 

dsions in the general interest 

“They are tike serpents 
constantly emeraing from the 
sea to strangle Laoooon and 
his sons in their coils.’' His 
reference was to Laocoon, a 
priest in Greek legend who 
warned die Trojans against 
the wooden hone. 

Mr Hurd also said he rec- 
ognized there wasa perception 
In some quarters that this 
Government is anti-Cml 

“Those who know and work 
closely with ministers win not 
in my view think this is true; 
indeed die articulated criti- 
cism of the Civil Service 
winch was heard from some 
ministers 20 yean ago is quite 

“Nor in my view , is there 
any doubt about the loyalty 
ana dedication of Gvu 

Mr Hold hinted at the need 
to r e form the way con- 
stituencies are changed. “I 
believe that one -day Par- 
liament is going to have to get 
a grip on itself 

“It is, for example, absurd 
that under the existing 
arrangements the .number of 
constituencies is bound to 
increase whenever adjust- 
ments are made to allow for 
; already 

increasing population. 
House ofCommons is al 
clearly too large.' 

Solicitors get less 
of their income 
from conveyancing 

By France. Gibb, Le**l Affiun CortMpo»d™i 

is still the South-east was an exception. 

chST&Srg. source of P 

income for solicitors, pameu- able than larger ones. 

_■ Timothy, the actor, ttd Shirley AnnFteM, the a ctr e ss , 

i appeal yesterday for die National €fel£&w**s Horae (Photogsapl 


University lectures open to pubMc 

Undergraduate lectures in 
28 departments of Exeter 
University are to be opened to 
the general public in the new 
academic year. 

Anyone in Devon is eligible 
to attend all lectures in die 
faculties of arts, social studies. 

law, science, eng i n ee ring and 
e du c at ion. .The. ; scheme is 
designed to give lum-stndents 
a taste of life as a student 
The academic services open 
to participants wilt include the 
university’s Iibraiy T ' 

The lecture courses will be 

up to three horns a. week, i 
during.. -die fOrweek Miftnnn 
and spring terms . and partici- 
pants wtiTpay registra- 
tion fee and EfOhr term for 
each, course taken. They wiD 
not have to write' p a pers or . 
take examinations. 

When we started, we said 
we’d offier quick, simple mortgages. 

io th July* 1986 | 

Mr H. Freedbergr t 



London t 


D ear vreedber*. ^ the , ery efficient « ^ 

Please accept our sincere^^ with o« Courteous and 

which your “^^appreciation to dealt with. ■ 

our thanks and appr the matter wa , 

rr^ret IS 

“ “ Ut “ M 

of vouc comply .. a clients hsvc* 

vo« Other satisfied client -nfident 

3 «nr *-he 

l “ a " 





G . AND P.J-S. «« CE 

It seems we’re carrying out 
our promises to the letter 

The Mxtga&g Ccnxaatim 

For a brochure, call 0800 400 424. Free of charge. * 

The Monastic Cbiporatioa Victoria Plaza. ffl Buckingham Waco (tad London SWIM OSR »a subawfcary of Salomon Irxi Werwjuk»6ln^iTM(rtad#ech^*«pnjpe«^Wc^feguireihCitesig«Tw«offtAap0rt)vtdKcaaauiBi*tpo6cy (orpoSOesJ 
ataddftonal security A mortaaftc Bwwmoepotay majrafso be rerpawL VWonly lend amoune&meacasefaMMrejwabteai*e«idcftht:lcmandwMnftOtkfld»bart^^ 

IIIWIUV »V» w”” r . 

Iarly outside London,, aeoora- 
ing to a survey published in 
tins week’s um Society 
Gazene. ■ . A 

It constitutes more than 4U 
per cent; of income for 
solicitors' firms outside Lon- 
don, although in central Lon- 
don the proportion is for 

But the survey of about 200 
firms showed that the income 
from conveyancing is drop- 
ping compared with other 
kinds of wmlc. . 

It also showed that in spite 
of a steady rise in income, 
sotititora’ profits remained 
almost static. Firms taking 
part showed revenue growth 
of 12 per cent during 1985, 
which with inflation of about 

5 per cent, implies real growth 
of 7 percent, the survey says. 

The extra income did not 
leadto higher profits however, 
as profit margins narrowed 
slightly in most regions. 

. The survey is tire second to 
be conducted by Paragon, a 
protect run by an independent 
non-profit-making body 
called Gentre for Interitrm 

It concludes that in general 
there fc a poative link between 
size ana profitability, with 
larger firms tending, to make 
more profit per partner than 
smaller firms. 

That was particularly the 
case in central London and the 
north of England. But the 

The survey took as a mea- 
sure of profitability the net 
profits per partner alter 
deducting a standard notional 
salary. That showed firms in 
outer London were the least 
profitable; those in central 
London the most profitable. 

<5f the provincial firms, 
those in the East tended to be 
more profitable than those in 
the West, with firms in the 
South-west and the North 
being dose to the provincial 

In terms of size, structure, 
work specialization and 
profitability, the central Lon- 
don firms tend to form a quite 
separate and distinct group 
from those in outer London 
and the provinces. 

Firms are steadily becoming 
more computerized, and fewer 
than 15 percent had no word- 
processing facilities. Roughly 
one in four firms had no 
computing facilities compared 
with one third last year. 

Staff is the main item of 
costs, and makes up half of the 
revenue on average in most 
practices; almost 70 per cent 
of total costs. 

Apart from staff, accom- 
modation costs woe the big- 
gest single item of 
expenditure, totalling nearly 
£12,000 for every partner in a 
firm (£1,600 per each 

Head has 
good case, 
judge says 

5 The High Covtjadge.who 
mated an injunction to a 
London head teacher, Mbs 
Munch McGaUrick. stop- 
, ping a dbdpHnary bearing 
going aheadt said yesterday 
that she had a puwteud case. 

Me Justice Garland was 
giving Us reasons for panting 
' the oner taut week preventing 
Bnraxouca front hotting its 
own dbdpfinmry hearing after 
school governors frad cleared 
Miss McGeMrkk .of racist 

He saidlhe was Satisfied 
that Mss MoGoUrick had a 
reasonably good prospect: of 
. success” at a foil trial. 

The,’ National 1 Union of. 
Teachers, ^wilcfc fbogbt the 
case nn. her bchalt frifod to 
obtain an hjadefon restrain- 
ing the' conacflfrsm coatim- 
ingbCr suspension. 

The Jodge . said that a court 
wodd not, save for exceptional 
circsn stances, grant an 
agmetiam reqvMag an c 
ptoycr to take bade a. sus- 
pended or dismissed 
emplo y ee. That aspect was 
best resolved at trial- 
Teachers at Sudtmry. In- 
fants School in Brent, no 

_ me on strike in 
of their headmistress 
after her suspension. 

Governors at the school had 
cleared ho 1 of the allegation 
that she told a junior official 
she did not want any mere 
coloured staff. She claimed 
she . said she did not want any 
sgore unqualified staff. 

The' jadge has ordered a 
speedy trial of toe mate daim 
torn! toe disripfinary proceed- 
ing? by Brent were unlawful. . 

Iron Age 
plots up 
for sale 

' Half an acre of land inside 
an Iron Age village at West 
Penwith, Cornwall, is to be 
sold off in 21,780 separate 
square feet plots at £250 each 
to Cornishmen throughout the 
world to raise funds for its 
excavation by archaeologists. 

The village was bought last 
year by Lady Akenham, a 
former grammar school 
readier from Bradford, 

- Lady -Akenham hopes to 
appoint a leading archaeolo- 
gist to direct a dig. 

In trial trenching in 1954. 
Samian ware, Roman pottery 
and traces of three 
“courtyard” houses were 

Inquiry into 
patient deaths 

An inquiry is to be held after 
the death or suicide of 16 
patients and former patients 
of St John’s Hospital, Lincoln. 

The inquiry, by .Trent Re- 
gional Health Authority, will 
also look into the care and 
treatment of psychiatric pa- 
tients in north Lincolnshire. 

Rugby player 
attacked man 

Paul Simpson, aged 28, the 
England rugby player, was 
yesterday fined £125 and or- 
dered byBath magistrates to 
pay £100 compensation for 
assaulting Mr Thomas 

Mr Richards was kicked as 
he lay on the pavement after a 
nightclub fracas. 





^AiRHteJGtrr warehouse 



And Fine Handmade Carpets Of Other 

falcon way, 

north feitham trading estate. 





SUNDAY, SE PT. 21 ST, 1986 

AT 12.00 NOON^IEW 11.00am 




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Anti-terror agencies fight to point of conflict 

France hamstrung by security rivalries 

From Gavin BeD 

They are taking away the 
flower boxes that line the 

Champs Elysee, and desks and 

benches from post offices 
throughout Paris. Anything 
that might be used to conceal a 
bomb is being removed from 
public places to deter further 
■ terrorist attacks. 

‘ The gesture at once illus- 
trates the gravity of the threat 
and the apparent impotence of 
the French security services in 
combating it. 

France has a huge apparatus 
of more than 200,000 men and 
women engaged in the struggle 
against terrorism. But they are 
severely handicapped in being 
split among a variety or 
military and civilian organiza- 
tions divided by jealousy and 

The philosophy behind this 
policy is that a supremo in 
charge of all the police and 
, intelligence agencies would 
•Weld awesome power, a pros- 
pect that makes the politicians 
decidedly nervous. A parallel 
is drawn with the late Yuri 
Andropov, who rose from his 
influential position as head of 
the KGB to become leader of 
the Soviet Union. 

Hence the division starts at 
the top. Security forces are 
spread among three ministries 
— Interior, Defence and Jus- 
tice — and a recently created 
security division under a dep- 
uty minister who reports to 
the Interior Ministry. 

The frontline groups in the 
-- clandestine war come from 
two rival intelligence agencies: 
the DST, mainly concerned 
with counter espionage in 
France; and the DGSE, which 
carries out similar activity 

Each has about 3,000 
personnel but there the 
similarity ends. The DST is a 
civilian unit reporting to the 
Interior Ministry, while the 
DGSE is a military force 
controlled by the Defence 

Interior also has a powerful 
, too) in the DRG, a kind of 
\ political police force about 
2. 000-stroog which monitors 
sources of political support for 
Basque and Corsican sepa- 
ratists and other potentially 
violent extremists. 

Not only are these agencies 
reluctant to co-operate with 
each other, they often compete 
to the point of conflict. 

A source close to the French 
intelligence community told 
The Times that efforts to co- 
ordinate their activities at 
executive level were largely 

“Take for example a case 
with the DGSE that identified 
a potential terrorist abroad. If 
the suspect enters France, they 
should in theory alert the 

Applicants for the visas now required to enter France form a long queue along Fifth Avenne outside foe French Consulate in New York. 

Tebbit backs Paris 
visa move in 
war on terrorists 

DST. But in practice they do 
not, and continue to follow 
him themselves. The reason- 
ing is, why should another 
service take the credit for our 

For example, the DST 
established a network in Leba- 
non many years ago because 
of its histone ties with Ranee. 
The DGSE resented what it 
regarded as interference in its 
theatre of operations, and in 
the late 1970s sent in its own 
men, officially to protect 
French troops joining the 
United Nations peacekeeping 
force in southern Lebanon. 

“So it is quite possible an 
informer is being manipulated 

Gendarmarie General Renfi 
Omnes, in a recent paper on 
the anti-terrorist struggle, con- 
cluded that there was a lack of 
direction: “Several organiza- 
tions appear to be responsible 
for the same mission, with the 
corollary that each receives 
information that is not seri- 
ously analysed at the top leveL 
Therefore no profit is gained 
from the valuable work of 
more than 200,000 men on the 

The lack of co-ordination is 
also inhibiting co-operation 
trith the intelligence services 
of allied countries. Several are 
known to have complained 
that they never know who 

Far-left group blamed for Munich blast 

The people who bombed the 
offices of a Nato aircraft 
contractor in Munich were 
supporters of foe extreme-left 
Red Army Faction, a spokes- 
man for a West German 
prosecutor said yesterday (AP 

Investigators suspect the 
bombing in Munich on Mon- 
day was the work of “a group 
of regional militants” who lead 

daily lives “in full legality**. 

The attack was probably a 
“concerted action carried out 
in agreement with the highest 
commando central of the Red 
Army Faction”. 

The US Army in Stuttgart 
has warned its soldiers and 
their famili es to stay away 
from a discotheque after of a 
telephone threat that an 
American would be kidnapped 

by both services, without be- 
ing aware of it,” the source 

The man with the unenvi- 
able post of co-ordinating the 
work of rival agencies is M 
Francois Le Mouel head of 
the anti-terrorist unit called 
Udat at the Interior Ministry. 

Mr Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister, has also cre- 
ated a national .security coun- 
cil grouping the ministries 

Neither body appears to 
have had much success in 
improving operational co-op- 
eration between the various 

they should be dealing with 

Another big problem feeing 
the security forces is the 
nature of terrorism. “You 
cannot manipulate a terrorist 
as easily as you can a spy ” the 
source said “A spy is in the 
same profession as you. be 
operates in the same way. and 
so he can be persuaded to 
switch sides, 

“A terrorist is an entirely 
different proportion. At best, 
he could turn informer. But 
then what do you do when he 
says that to maintain his 
credibility with his group he 
has to participate in a violent 
action — and you have to let it 

happen, and let him get away 
with it? It's an awful moral 

At least twice in recent 
years, ‘ such informers are 
known to have been executed 
by their erstwhile comrades — 
one in Lebanon and two in 

The source said the Govern- 
ment has ordered its intelli- 
gence agencies to become 
more aggressive in infiltrating 
terrorist cells, tracking down 
the mastermind (if he exists) 
and identifying their sources 
of training, money and arras. 

But there again, there ap- 
pears to be two schools of 
thought The prevailing police 
view is that the bombings are 
the work of the family of 
Georges Ibrahim Abdullah, 
leader of the Lebanese Aimed 
Revolutionary Faction, who is 
in a French prison. 

The politicians perceive a 
more complex campaign 
aimed more at forcing France 
to withdraw from Lebanon, 
orchestrated by regional pow- 
ers seeking a free hand to 
carve up the country. 

In reviewing the campaign 
against the extreme-left group 
Action Direct e, M Le Mouel 
said in a confidential report 
last December “In the past, a 
number of arrests were made 
through intelligence gathered 
from informers. For more 
than a year, the specialized 
agencies have not had suf- 
ficiently reliable and above all 
well placed sources . . . 

“The difficulties regarding 
the pursuit and neutralization 
of a terrorist group that has 
acquired a fair degree of 
technical expertise are such 
that there can be no miracle 

It may be a long time before 
the flowers are restored to the 
Champs Elysee. 

Vienna. (AP) — Mr Norman 
Tebbit, the chairman of the 
Conservative Party, yesterd a y 
gave strong backing to the 
French Government’s restric- 
tions imposed on foreigners hi 
its efforts toenrb terrori s m. 

“If (he foreign policy of a 
national government can he 
dictated by a small number of 
terrorists, sufficiently ruthless 
to murder without discrimina- 
tion men, women, dtOdna . . . 
then we would have come to 
the end of dvilized order in the 
world,** be said. 

Mr Tebbit commented on 
criticism of this week’s de- 
cision by the French Govern- 
ment to i ntrodace visas for 
citizens of several non-com- 
munlst European countries 
outside the 12-nation Euro- 
pean Economic Community. 

He and other party leaders 
were addressing a news con- 
ference on tiie first day of a 
meeting of party leaders of the 
European Democrat Union, a 
group of Conservative and 
Christum Democratic parties, 
which is headed by Herr Alois 
Mock, of the Aus- 

trian People's Party. 

Earlier, Mr Carl BOdt, who 
heads the Swedish opporition 
Conservatives, complained 
about the French curbs on 
travel from Scandinavian 
coon tries. 

“If France were intimidated 
into changing its policies . . . 
then we should aff soon be 
forced to follow this example,” 


Mr Tebbit said. 

The two-day meeting 
Vienna’s Hofburg 
Centre was completely over- 
shadowed by the recent wave 
of terrorist attacks in France. 
It was attended by Chancellor 
Kohl of West Germany, Mr 
Pool Schluter, the Danish 
Prime Munster, and Mr 
Tnrgut Oral the Prime Min- 
ister of Turkey. 

Herr Mock said the session 
was expected to endorse a set 
of proposals to fight inter- 
national terrorism in a resolu- 
tion to be adopted on Sunday. 

• Controls essential: Sir 
Henry Plumb, leader of the 
Conservatives in the European 
Parliament yesterday called 
on all EEC g ov er nments to 
bring in visa requirements for 
visitors from non-Common 
Market countries. 

In a speech to a conference 
on International and European 
Policy in Vienna, Sir Henry 
said strict visa controls were 
essential in the fi ght against 

• MADRID: The Spanish 
Government has lifted an or- 
der which barred North Af- 
ricans travelling to France 
without visas from entering 
Spam, a Foreign Ministry 
spokesman said yesterday. 

The spokesman said die 
order was cancelled after Paris 
made dear that citizens of 
those countries did not require 
visas stamped in their pass- 

give Duarte 
victory in 

From Philip Jacobson 
Sesori, El Salvador 

True to his word. President 
Duane of E2 Salvador turned 
up in this remote town in the 
middle of guerrilla territory 
yesterday, the day appointed 
for peace talks with guerrilla 

He immediately berated the 
guerrillas for foiling to appear 
after the breakdown of 
preliminary talks earlier this 

“I*m here at the right lime 
in the right place on the right 
day,” Sciior Duane told a 
crowd of several hundred 
people in the town square, “So 
where are they, those people 
who talk of peace all the lime 
but won’t come to Sesori to 
discuss iL You the people are 
here, the workers, the moth- 
ers. xbc children, but where is 
the other side?” 

It was a vintage Duarte per- 
formance, long on rhetoric, 
rather shorter on specific pro- 
posals about how the faltering 
peace negotiations might be 
revived. And try as he would, 
his voice cracking from the 
strain and sweat streaming 
down his face, the President 
could not get much response 
from his audience. Possibly 
because many in his audience 
were refugees displaced by the 
civil war. 

They told foreign journal- 
ists they had been put in buses 
and told to wave white flags 
and cheer at the right moment 

Once a prosperous town of 
25,000 people, but with a 
population now reduced by 
fear to around 6.000, Sesori 
lies in the middle of one of the 
most disputed areas of H Sal- 
vador. The only way to ap- 
proach it. unless you have the 
presidential helicopter, is 
along a series of back-breaking 
dirt roads. 

It reminded me of a landing 
zone in Vietnam. The air 
seemed to be full of military 
helicopters, stirring up huge 
clouds of yellow dust and 
stripping nearby fields of their 
crops. Helicopter gunships 
hovered above the town as the 
President arrived and his 
speech was not aided by a Red 
Cross helicopter flying in cir- 
cles above. 

When be finished his ad- 
dress President Duarte retired 
to the church to hold a Mass 
for peace. Outside, his aides 
attempted to work the crowd 
into a better degree of enthu- 
siasm, without noticeable suc- 
cess. It does not really matter. 
Serior Duarte said he would be 
here, -he was, the guerrillas 
were not, and the desperately 
war-weary people will have 
taken that in. Where the 
negotiations go next, if any- 
where. remains to be seen. 

reels after 
$ 30 m case 

From Ivor Davis 

Los Angeles 

In what Church of Scien- 
tology leaders called a Mow 
that could destroy its organ- 
ization, a Los Angeles Su- 
perior Court judge has upheld 
a jury* 8 ^ million (£20.4 
million) damages award to a 
former member who claimed 
the religious colt destroyed his 
lire mentally and financially. 

Judge Ronald Swearinger 
on Thursday denied without 
comment the Church's bid to 
win a new triad or invalidate 
the huge award to Mr Larry 
WoUersheim. who was gran- 
ted $5 million compensatory 
and $25 million punitive dam- 
ages after a tong ami hitter 
trial that ended in July. 

Since the verdict, the 
Church's lawyers have argued 
in court that its religions 
beliefs were unconstitutionally 
placed on trial and that the tog 
award reflected the jury s prej- 
udice and passion. 

Scientologists have organ- 
ized non-stop candle vipls 
outside the courthouse m Los 
Angeles and launched a press 
campaign to bring their efforts 
to public attention. 

At a press conference last 
night, the Church s 
Mr Earle Cooley, called the 
judge’s decision ***}* “| 
outrageous evasion of 
responsibility ever seen m this 

^Hesaid the Church could be 
forced to post the $60 million 
bondto prerent 
fatrim from receiving _ any 
money while the case is on 
appJ and that 
Zuli KWTdy smun lie 
Church's net worth of »5 

01 ffcwoold a* 50 **** 

trial even if it meant going to 


ex-members in recent years. 

Mr Wollersbeim sued it m 
1980 after II years m the 
ormuik 3 ** 00 * during which 
«2Ta travelling spokesman, 
4 . “oiling the benefits ofan 
advanced Scientology course. 
He had claimed that be was 
' to “psychological 
— “ and was rob- 

k asked to reveal 
details of his 

responses are monitored on 
lie detector device. 

Victim of Soviet labour camps in Britain 

Prisoner of 

walks free 

By Out Foreign Staff 

Mr Nikolai Baranov’s first 
impulse on arrival in Britain, 
after 23 years in Soviet labour 
camps and psychiatric hos- 
pitals where he was subjected 
to tranquilizing injections, 
was to go for long, lonely 
walks in the “dean, fresh air” 
of Staffordshire. 

At a press conference al 
Amnesty International’s inter- 
national secretariat in London 
yesterday, Mr Baranov, aged 
49, a former Moscow const- 
ruction worker, related his 
experiences — over 1 7 years of 
them in Soviet “special 
psychiatric hospitals” — which 
followed his arrest in 1963 for 
distributing pamphlets for a 
clandestine Russian national- 
ist organization and for seek- 
ing to emigrate. _ ... 

Mr Baranov arrived in Brit- 
ain on August 3 with his twin 
sister, Sena Baranov, and her 
son, after concerted efforts by 
Amnesty International over 
the past seven years and an 
appeal by Mr Neil Kinnock, 
the Labour leader, when he 
visited the Soviet Union last 

For the past six weeks, Mr 
Baranov and his only two 
surviving relatives have been 
Jiving with a north Stafford- 
shire family, part of an Am- 

Mr Nikolai Baranov and his sister Elena ye 
Amnesty international press conference in 

nesty worker group which variety of institutions in Tash- 
wrote 10,000 letters on his 
behalf during his ordeaL 
After he was caught passing 
a leaflet for his organization. 

The Path, which he said 
followed the precepts of 
“Christian democracy”, Mr 
Baranov spent five years in a 
labour camp in Mordovskaya 
west of Moscow which be 
described as “a paradise on 
Earth” compared with the 
special psychiatric hospitals 

kent, hundreds of miles from 
his family. 

The drugs with which he 
was injected did not cause hi m 
to hallucinate, but left him in a 
stale of continual physical 

“The worst punishment is 
the needle with the injection,” 
he said. “I was prepared to 
suffer all sorts of other 

In July, the drug infusions 

designed for treatment of the abruptly stopped and later be 
“criminally insane”. was told he would be allowed 

He was arrested again after 

he had dropped anti-Soviet 
pamphlets in the Swedish 
Embassy's letterbox. 

Doctors at the Serbsky Cen- 
tral Institute for Forensic 
Psychiatry declared him “un- 
accountable for his actions” 
and he was despatched to a 

to leave the Soviet Union. 

On August 3, two KGB 
officers drove him to Lenin- 
grad Airport and he boarded a 
plane to find his sister and 
nephew waiting for him. 

Mr Baranov's immediate 
priority is to learn English, a 
trade and then find employ- 

US in second 
place at 
bridge contest 

From A Bridge 

Correspondent, Miami 

The USA yesterday took 
second place m the competi- 
tion for the fourth semi-final 
place in the World Knockout 
Bridge Team Championships. 
Or the eight teams which 

competed in a mini-knockout 
io determine the fourth place 
in the semi-final, three were 
from Europe. 

Three teams had already 
mialified by winning war 

ienius, Magnus Lmdqvist, 
mSs Nilsand and Anders 

Wiraen of Sweden and Zia 
Mahmood, Jan-&Ata , ""J®^ 
Nissar Ahmed. Nishal Abtdi 
of Pakistan- 

Italian firms to bid for 
Star Wars contracts 

Italy has signed an agree- 
ment which will enable Italian 
firms to bid for American 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
(SDI) research programme 
contracts, the Pentagon an- 
nounced yesterday. 

The Italian Government 
says this does not mean it 
gives political or military sup- 
port to the controversial Star 
Wars, or SDI, programme. 
Italy is the fourth US ally to 
compete for SDI research 
contracts. Britain. West Ger- 
many. and Israel joined 

“We expect Italian partici- 
pation in SDI research will 
contribute significantly, help- 
ing to increase the pro- 
gramme's effectiveness, re- 
duce its overall cost and acce- 
lerate its schedule." the Penta- 
gon said. 

It said details of the agree- 
ment were classified and 
would not be published. But 
the agreement would provide 
a comprehensive basis for 
participation of Italian in- 
dustry in SDI research. 

American and Italian of- 
ficials declined to estimate 
how much money Italian 
firms might stand to gain in 
SDI contracts. Each Italian 
proposal would be assessed on 
its technical merits. 

The Italian Government 
said earlier this week that the 
agreement was drawn up on 
the same lines as those already 
signed by Britain, West Ger- 
many and Israel. Japan said 
this month it was also nego- 
tiating an agreement for the 
participation of its firms in 
SDI research. 

talks end 

Senior British and Spanish 
officials ended here yesterday 
a day-and-a-half of talks 
reviewing possible future joint 
use of Gibraltar's airport and 
other co-operation measures 
without announcing any 

Both sides afterwards 
showed maximum discretion 
about the talks between Mr 
David Ratford, Under-Sec- 
retary at the Foreign Office 
responsible for Southern Eu- 
rope, and Sehor Jesus 
Ezquerra, his Spanish 

British officials were yes- 
terday discouraging the im- 
pression that a formula for 
joint use of Gibraltar's airport 
would be announced later by 
the two countries' foreign 
ministers when they meet, as a 
political breakthrough. 

A farther meeting is now 
likely at a senior level before 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary, and Sehor 
Francisco Fernandez Ordonez 
hold their annual meeting. 

Papandreou promise to 
revive earthquake town 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

Mr Andreas Papandreou, 
the Greek Prime Minister, 
yesterday promised the people 
of Kalamata interest-free loa- 
ns and grams to help them 
rebuild or repair their homes 
devastated by the earthquakes 
which killed 20 people a week 

He told an outdoor gather- 
ing of the town’s civic leaders: 

“Your grief has become 


Mexico City (AP)— Mexicans 
gathered yesterday at 
churches, memorials and pla- 
zas to pay tribute to the 
thousands who died In the 
earthquake that hit the capital 
one year ago- President 
Miguel de la Madrid presided 
at a ceremony ha the main 
Zocalo Plaza- 

cause for national mourning. I 
promise that Kalamata will 
soon regain its vitality.” 

Official estimates of the 
damage in this port town of 
42.000 inhabitants revealed 
that two-thirds of its 21,000 
private buildings were no 
longer habitable. 

Mr Papandreou said the 
earthquake victims would be 
given interest-free loans for 15 
years to rebuild their homes. 

The Prime Minister made a 
four-hour visit to the city, 
accompanied by a group of 
ministers, and toured some of 
the 35 campsites where thou- 
sands of homeless live under 

• BRUSSELS; The European 
Community Executive Co- 
mmission yesterday anno- 
unced it would make available 
one million European Cur- 
rency Units (£700,000) to 
provide emergency aid to 
people hit by ibe Greek earth- 
quake (Reuter reports). 

A spokesman said the 
Commission was also consid- 
ering speeding up the dis- 
bursement of aid already 
agreed for Greece. 

• MOSCOW: An earthquake 
shook the Soviet republic of 
Moldavia early yesterday, less 
than three weeks after two 
earthquakes killed two people 
and caused extensive damage 
in the region. Tass reported. 

Rubik launches new Magic 

Budapest (Renter) - For 
those whose wrists and pa- 
tience survived the Rubik 
Cube, a fiendish new ch a llen g e 
is now available — Rnbik s 

Mr Erno Rubik, the Hunga- 
rian mathematician, designe r 
and inventor, launched Magic 
at the Budapest Trade Fair 
yesterday, hoping to sweep the 
world with another p irate 

Like the Cube, the challenge 
of Magic is to manipulate 
shapes from chaos into a pat- 
tern. Both employ an ingeni- 
ous and secret mechanism that 
defies immediate under- 

Magic consists of eight flat 
sections joined by mysterious- 
ly hinges of plastic filament 
which, instead of having just 
one angle, have 45. The aim is 
to form a pattern of interlock- 
ing rings from the confusion of 
bnghtly-cokwred arcs on the 
sections. , . . , 

The puzzle can be bent into 
unexpected three-dimensiodal 
shapes as the parts are twisted 
nod broken from each other. 

“It’s the same idea as the 
Cube. Part basic paste, part 
provocation to experiment, to 
see what yon can make of it,” 
Mr Rubik said .He said the 
creation of order out of confo- 

The new Rubik's Magic puzzle, left; and its inventor, Mr 
Erno Rubik, die man who gave the world Rubik's Cube 

skm was not die only im- 
portant element of the puzzle. 

“When yon are working to 
find a solution you create dif- 
ferent lewtHg of three-dimen- 
sional forms,” he said. 

The inventor, aged 42, 
teaches at Budapest’s Acad- 
emy of Design and Crafts. 

Although Magic has a more 
elaborate appearance than foe 
Cube, which sold in millions, 
Mr Rubik says it still depends 
on a simple idea. 

Both puzzles sprang from 
Rubik's background of 
sculpture, architec- 
destgn, as well as a 
special talent for mathemat- 

ical manipulation. He has 
learned hard business lessons 
from his experiences with the 
Cube, with pirate companies 
cashing in on the device. 

The new puzzle has been 
patented in 40 countries and 
distributed to marketing 
points in the United States 
and Europe ready for sale next 
month. The US firm licensed 
to market the Cube was sur- 
prised by its extramdinary 
success in 1980 and 1981 and 
unable to meet the demand. 

The new puzzle is being 
made Jn the Chinese city of 
Canton, with a 2.000-strong 
work force set up this year. 

Onus for 
laid on 

New York — Sehor Javier 
Perez dc Cuellar, the United 
Nations Secretary-Genera!, 
yesterday bid the onus of the 
beleaguered state of the UN 
forces in southern Lebanon on 
Israel (Zoriana Pysariwsky 

He urged collective mea- 
sures to ensure that the Israeli 
defence forces dismantled 
their security zone and with- 
drew to their own borders in a 
report to the Security Council, 
which, at the request of 
France, was meeting later on 
the Unifil crisis. 

The Secretary-General al- 
most ignored the growing 
evidence that the mounting 
attacks against the UN peace- 
keepers was a concerted effort 
by fundamentalist Shia Mus- 
lim groups, drawing their 
inspiration from Iran, to com- 
pel the force to leave. 

Pole flees 
under fire 

Tirschcnrcuih, West Ger- 
many (AP) — A Polish man 
escaped unhurt across the 
Czechoslovak border to West 
Germany despite a hail of 
bullets from communist 
guards, but a second man was 
arrested. West German 
authorities said yesterday. 

Czechoslovak border police 
opened fire on the two Poles, 
both aged (9. as they tried to 
flee into West Germany's 
Bavaria state. 

Red Cross 
Sudan plea 

Geneva —The International 
Committee of the Red Cross 
said yesterday that it has often 
asked the Sudanese People's 
Liberation Army to allow food 
to be flown to the besieged 
town of Wau and other areas, 
“but so far all these efforts 
have been in vain” (Alan 
McGregor writes). 

“The rules and spirit of 
international humanitarian 
law — and in particular the 
fundamental principle of 
humanity — require the 
belligerents to spare non- 
combatants and to do every- 
thing in their power to ensure 
civilians receive what is nec- 
essary for survival” the ICRC 

by injection 

Raleigh, North Carolina 
(AP) - A man who confessed 
to raping, beating and slashing 
a 25-year-old nurse was exe- 
cuted by injection not far from 
the field where he left her to 
bleed to death. 

The Iasi words of John 
William Rook, aged 27, were: 
“Freedom, freedom, at last, 
man. It’s been a good one.” 

Asylum plea 

Madrid (Reuter) — Twenty- 
three Poles, including eight 
children, who arrived at Ma- 
drid airport from Yugoslavia 
have asked for political asy- 
lum in Spain. 

Inquiry ends 

Jerusalem — The results of a 
two-month police inquiry into 
Shin Bet. the Israeli counter- 
intelligence agency, have been 
handed over to the Attorney- 

Eagle killers 

Vaasa, Finland (Reuter) — 
Finnish hunters who shot a 
white-tailed sea eagle have 
been fined £6.000. 

Beef halted 

Harare (Reuter) — Zim- 
babwe has suspended beef 
exports to (he European 
Community to rebuild its 
herds, which were depleted by 
drought last year. 

Boy isolated 

Fountain Valley. California 
(AP) — School officials have 
ordered that a 1 3-year-old boy 
be isolated from his class- 
males because he refused to 
remove a diamond carring. 

33,000 die 

Berlin (AP) - Nicaragua has 
lost 33.000 people and suf- 
fered £1.5 billion in damages 
from seven years of war 
between government troops 
and US-backed guerrillas. 
President Onega was quoted 
as saying. 

Drug murders 

Moscow (Reuter) — Drug 
addicts in the Soviet Central 
Asian city of Alma-Ata have 
committed two murders and 
are responsible for more than 
half of all thefts and burglary 
in the area, an official news- 
paper said. 

Hijack bill 

Monrovia (AFP) — The 
Liberian Senate has passed a 
Bill making armed robbery, 
hijacking and terrorism 
punishable by death. 

Border rows 

Jerusalem — Two of the 
three international and neu- 
tral arbitrators needed to join 
the court which is to settle the 
14 border disputes between 
Egypt and Israel have been 
approved by the two govern- 
ment, according to unofficial . 
sources here. 

Application has been itudc to the Council ofTbc Stock Exckti^e for all of the ordinary shares (ocher rfrin the ordinary sfaarcj co be 
«»itaed for the Ftt* Qficxta employees) of TSB Group pic to beadmJtted to the Official Use. 

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(Re gis t er ed in Scotland Wo. 95000) 

Offer for Sale 


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on behalf of the 

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of up to 1,495,830,450 ordinary shares of 25p each 

at lOOp per share 
of which 50p is payable now 
and 50p is payable on 8th September, 1987 

The following Information must be read In conjunction with the fall prospectus dated 
12th September, 1986, comprising the listing particulars relating to TSB Group pic 
(“the Company”), from which it Is derived. Terms defined In the full prospectus bear the same 
m e a ning herein. The full prospectus may be obtained from the addresses ref er red to In 

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proced niq irfated to la the bating 1 

iasrmeberanMdm «, ^lE'gSSS' 1086 aod'dan ibis 
paCTgtaph dan co— r i mrr a ooUotetal coonaa ben mn yon and TSB 
Cencnipoaed «kkS will become baxUag upon d eap ate b by port to 
v. to ibeam «f delivery by hand, on receipt by m uceMog book or 
TSB bank btaxcb of your application form; . 

(IB) wiinmrta ihi iiaifaianif ■rrogypanylngynur uniih nhnfnrmwill 
be honored on toe preaeaoaioc T ; 

(b) agree that, torcapcct cf dure shares for which poor application bas 
been w celta l and la nor r ej ect e d, accept an ce of your application 
shall bemaadoMd. re ibe erection oflsB Ceanal toed, ebber (a) 
by notification co Tbe Stock Pyrhanrer of tbc baafe of allocation (to 
wttich roar once prinrr retail be on mot basis) Or (b) by notification 
of aocvjxancc thereof m die referent recciviag bank; 

(v) agree that any loser of acceptance and any money ictmndble to 
yon may be retained by ■ Meriting bank pendtag clearance of your 


Grattp ot her dim snefara may }S S pSSgSg 

y^iSoSateSarion or ttpeaamtan («ber dm n 


<c) Theb 

J CT iyltT j Ma Aall be cotntwicd accordingly- 

the basis so itrwiri—d , to idea la whole or in p aw and/or to scale 

SSuSSa^JZ mbScwd w be «le by orSwaK » 

SSkantor m othe r petaoo att o dswd with Mb) k for more tbae flwper 
ifH iB onbw /^1 fat tame following tbc offer Ac safe wiHbc 
Rtacoed eo tbe it (ddicr alone or togetfacr wkb any other mch 

appUcadoo) osoeeds tat pciUMiip and mar also be scaled dram 
|p « M i i £ r r^ttwrwl Boat* r cawes tbe right BO mat as valid any 
application not in all r esp ects completed to occordance wfab tbe 
Batntcriomt ajui tii pan y la g the tdcyantappUctaioo form. 

Cg) ffo petaon receiving ■ COOT of tbe UattagpentaJ^ortheininJ 

MattoBlcwp fa any naertwry other than the UK. tbe 

au t hor Me i tbc tdtmn t ece i r lag bank or tbe Custodian Bank (mi tbe 
cate msy[be) to send on behalf of TSB Cental Board a letter of 
noo eptanre for the comber of shares far which your appli c ation t) 
acccptedumVar a enmed cbcqne for any money remmrirte by pott 
to tbe adoeas of tbe pecson (or tbe fitauwed petaoo) oamed in tbe 
appUariba focm ana to procure tbm yarn one (and the aamefs) of 
any other grim tpniicamfs)) fawbre placed 00 the ogtatertnatniaiiied 
by the Catfodlantaab under die Instalment Agreement in respect of 
tbe rigfat to wfaiefa bas not been effec tiv e ly renounced in 
tab tbe retina of tbe hmalmmt Agreement, and. 

uuf i ita fhtt muff nmmm fand thp uam # / «\ oftllVOtbef 

Jobs appUaan(s)) fatare placed an the regisccr of t nct ab aa of the 
Cotnpany In respect at snot shares, tbe cnddtncnt 10 whicb Is tluen 
erldcnced by Inaeritac cn l flc i tCT a nd tbe rigfat to which ha not been 

<V11) spree that time of p a yment by you shall be of tbe essence of tbc 
awtarictmwfamtdfayacce p i a tmofyoorappUcadon: 

(fill) agree to pay or praame to be pad by, and for trine not later dm, 
3-00 pjn. on Bib September, 1 9*7, the second bmdmem of SOp per 
share payable io respect of tbosc shares for wtdcbymirapolicaxioti is 
aoo^ted and the right to wbia has not been 1 
or naa i fc gcd by yen prior to that rime; 

warrant that, if yoor implication is made on a priority application 
form, you ate an eUgMe cn sMtn cr , employee or penrioner (a the 
case amy be) of die Gsoop and tbatyow mtpUcadoo la made solely 
for the benefit of the applicants) named merebi, or, fat itaecaaeaf a 
mwomrr priority application forat. if appUcabic, for tbe benefit of 
dtcp ets oo , bo dy , ttoat or estate d cs ig n at rd in BoxA on that form; 


: Isle of Man may treat the 1 

tovitatfoa or ofler co Mm. aorataould he to any CTentnre s uch fo rm I 

to ibe fdannt eenlnry, socb an fareltadon or offer could tawfalfa be 1 
to or sodi fotM could tiwbllf be aged wlcbom con i f w cwfion ottmj 

legisuaito u or other teqniremenr. fa is rite laponattflny of any ptam 
oStattc UK. tbe Ctannel Iriandt or tbe trie of Man wisbiiig to mslte « 
KwmwIw tn mtoff mmaeif as to Ball oinerranoc erf the laws 
1 i>i*hii« i i- wim f , in n miraiM the r ewi t h. I ncindln g ob tainin g ray 

... die novctxmiemai or other co nst ms , oba enrtn g any ocher reqotate 

and paying any tome, tnncftr or other taxes doe to m^j 


r Tbc cndfaMBrysimnes have not been, and will not be. i cgis i rri afl 

i United States Seairfafes Aa of 1933, a amended. Accordtogly, 
■neb abates mire not be offered, sold, renattoced or taafctscd, Erectly or 
indirectly, In the United Ststa or to, or for the benefit of. any US. peoon 
or to any pemoo purebaaiiig such shares for reoffer, sale, renu n ciation »;§• 
tcatnfer to tbe Itohed .States or to* or for tbe benefit of. any U -3L penon as 
part oftbedistribodon afmebshares. Rar rids purpose, “UA petaon" means 
any nadonsl, drixen or rcaldenc of the Uttitied Stares or tbe ettme or crost 
of any socb pexsoo, any cocpotat i on. pattn cnbl p or ocher entity cremed 




wiuu that not m ot e than ta 
on yoor behalf) and for your 



on n pofailc applkarion I 

in or xmicr the laws of tbe United Stases, or any poUdcU 
1 thereof, and any United Sates branch of a non-U-S. pasoa and 
United St a tes* means tbe United States tf America, its t errit ories and 
poaae mi o ni a nd all other areas subject to Its jurisdiction. . ^ 

- (1) AH documents sod cheques sent by past by or on behalf of TSB 

Comal Bond, tbe Company or cbe Custodbu tank will be seat at the rt^f: 
of tbe paaonenrided thereto. 

Tbccooaentof die Finance and Economics Committee of tbe Scan* 
ofjetaey bas been obmined for tbe drcnlarion of this offer for sale tajetsey. 

ItmMlw AMWtl y .ii«n»iwnnH rt«at, fojnriagihta eniMSwi .ttwi^naimliMje 
doqnornir aby re sp onsibility for tbe financial so ondne s s of any schemes 

arlbr tac coneoBMi Bf^ riMi — ■ — deor opfadoM opaad wIu 0 

V. 7 

- ~;.i 

-• 1 

ifyou wM» w^ply^toma.^oamiist complete and scram 1 

' Only one application can be aside by you (or oo yonr behalf) and 
for your benefit on a public application fora, fttaiwl "7 

be l o d itw e d If more than one mch 

such application fa made. Multiple 
applications 1 


1 are liable to be 
be accepted 


' Your appUcatioowUl be made oo the Tenns and Comfitions set ocr 
I n 11 In anil in iln 11 mu uf tin l imalmi m A g iuna m w fa lili pm in ilw 
pnymeiie of ibe second Instalment. Once deUsered, an appllaitton cnaot 
be wfafadmifii. The bob of aUoadmr of dm win be anoonaced on or m 
soon as possible after 29tb September, 1986. If there has been heavy 
demand for shares, yoo may not receive aD or (except in the case of a valid 
priority application) any of die shares forfafaltaymi hoe applied. 

If your appUcadoo b successful, to whole or in part, yon will be seat 
a renounceabie doc um ent called » letter of accep tan ce oo. or as soon as 
possible after, 7th October, 1986 wfakhwlll tell yon tbe number of rinres 
allocated to yon. If you are nmnooessfiil or are aUocaeed only some of die 
shares for which you hive applied, any tunned money paid by you on 
appUcatiouwm be rmuned (Without interest). 

It is expected that dealings oo The Stodc Exchange will begin on the 
dealing dsy a f ter Ictnas of acceptance are posted m succesaiul appUcams. 
If you deal before yoo receive a letter of acceptance, thto will beat 
yonr own rfafc. Van must reoagnfae the tfafc tbai jour appUcadoo amy not 
bare been accepted so tbe exrear expected oracan. Instructions for dealing 
will be printed on your letter of acceptance. 

they have been fully paid. for. However, tbe Instalment Agreement fa 
designed to confer upon you or any subsequent p urchaser of shares 
substantially tbe same rights and privileges (and 10 Impose sub st ant ial ly 
the same obli ga tio n s , restrictions and Dmtanioiis) as are co nfer red or 
Im posed onafaarebo Mm oftfacCooipatiy. In particular, you will be entitled 
to receive dividends and vote m meetings. 

If yon do not pay tbe second instalment In respect of any stare, you 
could lose your right to that share and 10 ail exna stares under cbe loyalty 
bonus i tm n g c meno. In that case, you will be repaid a sum equal 10 tbe 
; without interest, leas an 

Special arrangements have been made for investors to buy and scU 
small numbers of shares umfl 30th September, 1 988 u special agreed rates 

tbe rail prospectus. Tbe lilt of local stockbroker* fa available at TSB bank 
branches. " 

amount of the first instalment 

interest, less any loss (including 

If yon wfab n> keep the shares allocated to you, you need not do 
K until yon have to pay die second instalment due not laser dun 
n Bm September, 1987. Yon will be remtoaed about the second 
before it becomes payride. 

U nder the Instalmrnt A greemen t, shares sold under tbe offer far aale 
will be t^iscercd in tbe name of Lloyds Bank Pic as Custodian Bade andl 

expen s es ) wineb 15B Central Board may have suffered as a result of your 
failure to psy. TS* Cental Board may instead accept late payment of the 
yurnpd instalment «wf fa # m i i WH to iiw—nH i nterest on, the Overdue 

ffapl gtare certificate will tic Sent ' id you afterpayment of die 
second instalment. 

tardier details of die Insnlmenc Agreement are see oht In the foil 

Copies of the ftifl pros p ect 
nehes to dm CflC, me Chant 

«« »»y **** *«■, «■ I w www ti w 

1 fafamfa and tbe Uc of Man of the 1» 

praapcctns and copies of tbe agreement may be tosptxxedxt die offices of 
the Rqpoaal Co-ordktscms nnm 30tfa November, 15*87. 

all branches 

banks and ilnycb Bulk Pic, all bomebes in Scocfand of Bank of Scotland and 
■Mlwoel w hi Mnwligi— hrful of *fo»vlwrw ggnk I Imlivd, mul 
of the B e g hm al.Go-oid lM ton listed on thta page and of ce rtai n foaa 
stockfocokera referred mabme. ^ 

■ Tbe foil prospectus faxfao being p nb jfahedfai fall to die fitonwcBU 
T bmtt , Hr Hansri tbe DaQy Telegraph on Tuesday, 16th kpanbg, 
19*6. 4 . 


1 ACO. 

Belfast BTl ltiX. 
Trif (0232) 346005 
Albert E. Stamp ft Go. 
Edmund Bw n i ' , 

1 2 NewhaU Street. 
Btandagbam B3 3BX. 
Td: 021-236 5801 
Smith Keen Coder 

liarhang etauhflngs. 
Stcpbcmon Race, 
Tkh 021-643 9977 


Enktae House, 

68 Queen Suck, 
Edinburgh EH24AE. 

TeL 031-223 2366 
Famous ft Co.lxd. 

PO Bax 113, 

100 West Mle Street. 
Glasgow Gl 2QU. 

Teb 041-332 8791 
Penney Easton ft Co. Ini 
PO Box 112, 

24 George Square, 

daspowG2 1EB. 

Teh 041-248 2911 


383 Scfton Home, 
Esrimnie BoBdhais. 
Liverpool LZ 3KT. 
Tri: 051-236 6000 
■owe ft Pitman. . 
PO Box 273, 

UmdOo EC2M 2QU. 
Tfci: 01-377 5999 


PBQ in QnUgnia) tihe amaber of afaasvs for wMcb yon wish 

Your application must be for a minimum of^ 400 shares or 
for otw of the otherauaibecs of shares indicated In the cable 

AppUcatloaa for amy other number of abates wfll be 

Stock Beech ft Co. Ltd. 
The Brisco! ft Wiese 

Bristol BS14DD. 

Teh (0272) 20091 


PO Bax 37, 

Town Centre House, 
Tbe Mcrrioa Centre. 
Leeds LS28NA. 

TU; (0332) 420303 

Beaty Cooke; bnaotasi ltd 
PO Box 369, 

1 King Street, 

Manchester M60 3AH. 

TeL 061-834 2332 

Wire Speke ft Co 


113 Bure Sues; 
Cardiff CPI IQS. 
Teh (0222) 480000 


39 Pilgrim! 
Ncwcmdc upon Tyne 

Tel: 091-261 1266 

H otae falr Street. 
Leicester LEl 5BU. 
Tri: (0333) 29183 

Wood Mackenzie ft Go. 

Hntocc Home. 
74-77 Qneca Street, 
Edinburgh EH24NS. 
Teh 031-223 8323 

Prtaeem Boose, 
Plymouth Pll 1BG. 
Trii (0792) 220971 

of duo 




















tour mol 


























. asm 














































An application for more than 10,000 shares up to 100,000 rinres must 
be for a multiple of 5.000 shares and an application Cor more than 
100.000 shares must be fora multiple of 50.000 shares. 

IMMEDIATELY BELOW auccorsUng to the first letters of 
your surname (or corporate same) inserted by ytm In Box 
3. Foe catx t n ni e , if yonrsors Mu nelsJooes,yoa«lH)Bld s cskl 
itank Pic (G to JO- 



P.O.Box 123. 
F tenu? Book. 

*3 faxH^wnanTO 


it to Lloyds 1 

A to Cg Baokofl 

Apex Home. 
q Idsmaa 
Sdhtamgb IH7 4AL. 

G to J Uaydal 







FIB in (to figure*) tkeamoamt now payable at SOp per share. 
The table above shows cbe mnowni now payable for 
ap p Hc t ri ona for op to 10 , 000 darts. 

The second insoJxnem is payable by 3.00 pjn. on 8th 
September, 198 7 . You will be reminded about the second 
Instalment before it becomes payable. 

Ffflta (ta block capitals) the fid] name and addresa of tire 
person applying for ahares. 

If this applicadon is being made jointly with other persons, 
please read Note 6 before completing Box 3. 

Applications must not be made by children under 16. A 
patent may apply for the benefit of his/her child under 16 by 
Inserting after the parent's surname in Box 3 (he word “for* 
followed by the foil names of die child. A parem who makes such 
an application is not thereby precluded from making a stogie 

1 on a Public Application Form for his/her own benefit. 

I fat Boat 3 name data and sdgn BoxA 

The Application Form may be signed by another person on 
your behalf il that person is duly authorised to do so under a power 
of attorney. The power of attorney must be enclosed for inspection. 

A corporation should sign under the' hand of a duly 
authorised official, whose representative capacity must be stared. 

Oft take it by hand to arrive not xaier than 
to tbe first l etter s of your surname (or corporate name) 
by you In Box 3 to: 


Tbe right Is reserved to reject multiple or suspected 
multiple applications. 

Criminal proceedings may be Instituted if more than 
ooe application Is made by you (or on your behalf) and for your 
benefit on a Public Application FOtm. 


London EC2. 

GtoJ Lloyds Bank Me 

fame Section. 
li HMwp y 
London BG. 

NtoSJ Hadomdl 
Book PIC 

New issues Depmartai. 
2Moees Street, 


or to any o£ 
MewfasacsO ep sHme m . 
Apex House, 

9 HaddiapOB Htoe, 

TSB Eagfanil ftWMmflc 

62 Lomtard Street, 


ChtoF tarefo y 




3k to 2 The Bnynl Baiia. of 
New fames n cpn" M tiL 

Urn Boyd Boto 


Pin a d a ns e or bankers’ drift for the exact 1 

1 shown 

in Box 2 to yonr completed Application FosmYonr cbeqne 
nr bonhera* draft antat be safe payable to "W Share 
OfaeT" and croased Tiot Ne g o ti able”. 

Your paymear must relate solely 10 rids application. No 
receipt will be issued. 

Your cheque or bankeri* dealt must be drawn in sterling 
00 an account at a bank branch to the United Kingdom, tbe • 
Channel Islands or die Isle of Man and must besr a Uohed 
Kingdom bank sort code number in the top right hand comer. If 
you do not have a cheque account, you can obtain a cheque too 
your building society or bank branch. 

An application may be accompanied by a cheque drawn by 
someone other than tbe appllcant(s), bur any moneys returned 
will be seoi by cheque crossed "Not Negotiable' in favour of the 


1 » 


TSB bank customers who registered for priority by 5th September, 1986 are eligible to apply.] 

on a pink Cnstomer Pri ori ty Ap pli ca tio n form. 

I/We offer to purchase 

In TSB Group ple at lOOp per share on and subject to the Terms and Conditions 
set out in the Prospectus dated 1 2th September, 1986 
and I/we attach a cheque 

or bankets 1 draft for tbe 
amount now payable of 

PtaMsUtaBuxxGinnis - 

■Non 2 

Matas Mbs anEntx I Faaowsssp} paiuu) 

Sex Non 3 


I/We hereby declare that this is the only application for shares made by me/us 
(or on my/our behalf ) and for my/our benefit on a Public Application Form. 

September, 1986 

So Non 4 

□ Pin here your cheque/bankers* draft for the exact amount shown in 


ft * 


iv. JMonn-MUHS 







talte Africa Dm 


MrifaMaotftm .MMSEbP, 


SPlIIMM . . 


Soot^m — 


Banco h 


For Official Use Only. Stockbrokers, banks 

ksmim — 



stuff or m fauna imoubM *HK8] 

stuff or BMW 0B 0HBB DRBUCDtam 
OMMMG njuiomwcE or GOMMBun 
ANDvsrnanmiONMBan ■ 




any TSB branch. 


^AflocherpSoaD^sign Odb^f rf any joStt applicant 
if tint other penon Is duly authorised to do so under a power of 
attorney. Tbc power of attorney must be enclosed for inspecrioo- 
lerrers of acceptance, cheques and other correspondence 
will be sera to the addfess to Box 3- 

1 Wtorrecmao mw rar-warer 


af Part XI ta the Prospec tu s )- 
' Of m WariOltBOoarwaicB 

B uaxao 0* STOCIMOH9 
^ — nKn u tno trWtt H 





t 1 . 1 


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P v - 

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i* < - 

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fl ;;r ’ • 

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xv rv - v •••- 

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afi ‘ 

4* ... . 

‘ ’• .... '■ %•«*$ 
• Ns*** 

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..... iH.'r 

a ^ *. 

' - : ^ : v 

•' ’V. ’ -vvlS. 

.;• •. • ■’S? 

■ci-'.. *.S * 

/ ;«v 

^ rr •* 

” ‘Mr, -/“t 

*• •- -. r . , •;>; 

>r - 

-Black miners to vote on 
r Pay strike as feelings 
nm high over fatal fire 

I fir-’-- . . ■■'igrnM^amm 


From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

of "m in e workers hS 1 * Africas most important “Pil 
.S»S _ represents JE 

South Africa's National 

Sj? , , 2 !i of . .^neworkers 
(NUM). winch represents 
K)me 300,000 of the more 
tBan 500,000 blacks working 
in gokL coal and other mines, 
yesterday said that it would 
hold a strike ballot among its 
members. J 

The decision was an- 
nounced after the NUM 
reached a deadlock yesterday 
morning in wage negotiations 
$tlh the Chamber of Mines, 
which represents the main 
^lining houses. 

' The NUM said the Cham- 
ber had rejected arbitration 
and had remained “intransi- 
-gent to the reasonable de- 
mands of the union”. 

The threat of a strike in 

South Africa’s most important “Pik’ Botha, has separately 
industry comes at a time when invited Herr Hans-Dietrich 
feelings are already running Genscher, his West German 
^oog black miners be- counterpart, and **lbe best 
cause of the underground fire German experts” to come to 
t 1 j Kinross Gold Mine last South Africa to look at safety 
mJa * 77 tfcopfe standards here, of which they 

aieo. all but five of them were “apparently not aware”. 
waa£ * This was in response to a 

The NUM announced yes- suggestion by Herr Genscher 
lerday that it intends to bring *ba l deep-level mining experts 
mining experts from Bri tain from other counuies might be 
and West Germany to South to suggest improvements. 
Africa to assist in the judrial The NUM has been in 
inquiry into the disaster, ft dispute with the Chamber of 
said it was also looking at the Mines, since July 1, when the 
possibility of a prosecution of mining houses unilaterally in- 
Genoor, the owner of the traduced wage rises ranging 

Kinross mine, for criminal 

Meanwhile, the South Af- 
rican Foreign Minister, Mr 

Japan adds visas 
ban to sanctions 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan is to introduce sanc- 
tions against Sooth Africa 
similar to those of tire EEC — 
hot with one significant 

• As well as b anning imports 
df pig-iron and steel, Japan 
will also decline to issue visas 
for Sooth African tourists and 
discourage Japanese tourists 
from going there. While 
Continuing the ban on air tint* 
between the two countries, it 
wfil also stop government 
officials from travelling on 
South African Airways (SAA). 

The Government cannot do 
anything in the short-term 
about the SAA office in Tokyo 
except decline to renew visas 
of South African staff, the 
office hordes flights on SAA 
which originate from Taipei. 

* Japan, whose nationals are 
“honorary whites” in Sooth 
Africa, already maintains rela- 
tions with Pretoria at consular 
rather than foil diplomatic 

-■ ll restricts investment and 
.finance, limits sporting, cul- 
tural and educational contacts, 
forbids the import of arms and 
the export of computers to 
• agencies enforcing apartheid 
land urges its citizens not to 
bay Krugerrands. 

- The Japanese decided not to 
Iban the import of either coal or 
•iron ore because of their 
importance to borne industry 
and the fair that banning them 
would adversely affect the 
lives of black miners. 

A Foreign Ministry pffirtn i 
said it was not co n s t r uctive to 
destroy the Pretoria economy, 
but the Government rec- 
ognizes that the situation is so 
serious that “some stronger 
measures are necessary to 
convey our position to the 
South Af rican Government”. 

The Ministry emphasized 
that the measures are “not 
everlasting” and the Govern- 
ment is ready to lift them when 
Pretoria dearly indicates that 
it is going to abolish apartheid. 

Japan believes the ban on 
iron and steel is a substantial 
measure since the country 
imports some 18 per cent of 
Sooth African exports, last 
year worth $200 million (£136 
million), and is the second 
largest customer. 

The ban, however, does not 
apply to existing contracts and 
will take a little time to 
enforce. Japanese coal imports 
from Sooth Africa were worth 
$410 nullum and iron ore $180 
milium in 1985. 

Last year Japan was host to 
4,000 Sooth Africans, off whom 
25 per cart were on tourist 
visas and would no longer get 
in under the new regulations. 
Sooth Africa received 3JI00 

Mr Masaharn Gofoda, the 
Chief Cabinet Secretary, cal- 
led for the release of the 
African National Congress 
leader, Mr Nelson Mandela, 
and the removal of bans on 
anti-apertheid or gan iz atio ns. 

between 15 and 19 per cent in 
response to the union's de- 
mand for a 30 per cent 
increase across-the-boardL 

In negotiations last Mon- 
day, the two sides came 
slightly closer, with the NUM 
reducing its demand to 26 per 
cent, and the chamber raising 
its offer by a percentage point 
or so. The Kinross tragedy 
may have hardened attitudes 
on the union side. 

Gencor, the Afrikaner-dom- 
inated mining company which 
owns Kinross, admitted yes- 
terday that it did not know 
whether a polyurethane anti- 
corrosion foam which is 
thought to have been a factor 
in the disaster had ever been 
tested for toxicity before being 
used in the mine. 

At a press conference in 
Johannesburg. Mr Carl 
Netscfter, senior director of 
Gencor’s raining division, 
gave an assurance that the 
foam would be removed im- 
mediately from all the 
company’s mines. Other exec- 
utives said they did not think 
it was widely used. 

Mr Netscber said, however, 
that the company was not 
prepared to remove PVC- 
sheathed cables and other 
flammable substances until 
the findings of the official 
inquiry into the disaster were 
known. That could take up to 
a year. 

Provisional indications are 
that poisonous fumes from 
burning cables and other 
materials, and from the poly- 
urethane foam may have 
caused the deaths. 

The executive chairman of 
Gencor. Mr Derek Keys, told 
the press conference that the 
company was setting up an 
independent trust fond, en- 
dowed wim an initial sum of 
two million rands (£600,000) 
to supplement the existing 
forms of compensation for 
bereaved families. 

Africa sees quick and easy solution 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 

. African countries are con- 
vinced that economic sanc- 
tions will force the departure 
Of while minority rule in 
South Africa and that they will 
.do so quickly and with relative 
ease. For them, beyond the 
"image of a collapsed apartheid 
regime lies a frontline free 
from South Africa's harsh 
brand of economic benevo- 
lence and military impunity. 

' ; This African perception is 
the motivation behind its 
sanctions campaign, which 
has now shifted to the United 
-Nations, where the General 
‘Assembly is in the midst of a 
iour-day debate on Namibia. 
Uikcly to wind up today with 
calls for a total blockade 
jneanl to place particular pres- 
-sure on Britain. 

-! Although the African ap- 
proach to sanctions is far from 
monolithic, one common sce- 
nario emerges from talks with 
^African diplomats and politi- 
cal analysts who believe South 
■Africa's resilience to broad 
"sanctions will be transitory at 
■best, an embargo's impact 

provoking the sought-after 

change almost immediately. 

In order to achieve the 
bptimum effect, they believe, 
sanctions must at least hold 
but the promise of being ail- 
encom passing. While critical 
of the European Community 
■package as being too luke- 
warm. the predominant A£ 
■rican view is that the Efcv. 
measures mark a watershed 
■since they appear to have 
delivered a psychological blow 
and convinced South Africans 
that sanctions from tradi- 

tional allies are inevitable. African diplomats point to 

By the same token the West Aaintiti llhW ttto. by Soulh 
,hn.iiw rai <nn «4 «h# nmeemy Atncan busmesmen to work 
mrHminich JnS Afrirtvrvch!^ out the terms of reference for a 

dialogue between Mack kad- 
ueve the momentum must oe ° . t. .i, 

grasped and fuelled until the « §£££ 

goalsare met. Weslern 

. . . . freeze on new loans. 

Beyond the moral and emo- .. „ . . 

live aspects of the sanctions Should South Africa be 

campaign, the African-coos- continue to be squeezed, thpy 
tructed scenario of a Pretoria believe the business commu- 
choked by a web of economic n,t y wlU ?° l tolerate a setge 
penalties helps to explain why economy but force the Gov- 
r majority of the African eroment into negotiations 
frontline states whose econo- National 

rates are intertwined with Congress (ANO leading to a 
South Africa’s seem so of **°ng 

committed to punitive tnea- Knoaesian model, 
sures and have accepted the The past year has also seen 
prospect of debilitating coun- Pretoria's attempt to forge a 
ter-measures from Pretoria “pax Africana” founder. The 
with such stoic resignation. cornerstone of its regional dip- 

According to an independ- lomatic ambitions, the Nko- 
ent study. South Africa's eco- mate accord with Mozam- 
nomic and military coersion bique, failed in the view of 
of its neighbours is costing the African anlaysts because 
black-ruled states in excess of South Africa continued its 
S 1 0 billion (£6.8 million). The support of the Renaiuo rasur- 

frontline countries believe 
they have a choice of suffering 
briefly, albeit intensely, from 
South Africa’s wrath in the 
form of counter-measures or 
suffering interminably from 
its dominance. 

While Africans have press- 
ed the West for comprehen- 
sive sanctions for the past 20 
years, (he decibel level of their 
demands reached a new inten- 
sity after two recent trends in 
South Africa which helped to 
crystallize African thinking 
and illuminate the practical 
advantages of bringing to an 
end a system which they 

gency movement operating 
against the Government of 
President Macbd, having de- 
cided it could not allow Moz- 
ambique to flourish for fear 
that it would escape its hold. 

For almost a two-year pe- 
riod of a developing rap- 
prochement between South 
Africa and its neighbours, the 
African call for sanctions was 
muted. Bui Pretoria’s decision 
to replace the hand of friend- 
ship with an iron fist, diplo- 
mats say. convinced the front- 
line states once and for all that 
their economic and political 
Stability is inherently tied with 
an end to white minority rule. 


•■ v ‘ or ■■■■...■ 

5 F* 


A petrol lorry lying partly snbmerged in a 
Taiwan river after its driver lost control in 
typhoon winds which reached 110 miles 
an hoar. 

Typhoon Abby lashed tire country from 
Wednesday night until yesterday and 
resulted In six deaths, the tarry driver 
among them (AP reports from Taipei). 

Iraq and 
Iran claim 

Baghdad (AP) — Iraq 
claimed its forces crushed an 
Iranian offensive in the cen- 
tral sector of the Gulf war 
front yesterday, killing 1,400 
soldiers and wounding 3,000 
others, the stale-run Iraqi 
News Agency (INA) said. 

It was the first Iraqi report 
ofheavy fighting in the central 
sector of the 733-mile front 
since Tuesday, when Iran 
announced advances in the 
region west of the Iranian 
border town of Mehran. 

■ INA said the Iranians at- 
tacked a height in the region 
and that Iraqi forces were able 
to "wipe out 1,400 of the 
attacking forces and inflict 
injuries on about 3,000 Ira- i 
mans while the rest fled”. 

“The situation settled do- | 
cisively and completely in 
favor of Iraqi forces” at 14am 
yesterday it said. Iraqi forces 
“are exercising their control, 
with full force, on all the 
border hills.” the agency said. 

The Iraqis have been saying 
since Tuesday that minor 
clashes were occurring be- 
tween an Iraqi “ambush 
group” and Iranian infantry 
companies in the central 

Yesterday's Iraqi announce- 
ment did not state the military 
significance of the height at- 
tacked by the Iranians. 

Iran claimed on Thursday 
that its forces had c a p ture d a 
string of hills, pushing six 
miles inside Iraqi territory. 

Iran’s official Islamic Re- 
public News Agency reported 
yesterday that Iranian forces 
captured slopes of a strategic 
hill in five hours of hand-to- 
hand combat with Iraqi 
troops. It said an Iraqi batta- 
lion was “smashed” with sev- 
eral prisoners taken. 

...e.-j. . • c; . . 

It left floods in its wake, and Mew loose 
the cables of four cargo ships which 
drifted for 10 hours in Kaohsiung 
harbour, about 200 miles sooth of Taipei. 

The Central Weather Bureau said that 
Abby weakened at around midday yes- 
terday, when the eye of the storm crossed 
central Taiwan and its winds dropped. 

The two main airports, Taipei’s Chiang 
Kai-shek and the international airport in 
Kaohsrang, reopened yesterday after be- 
ing dosed for 12 boors. 

Abby is the second big storm to hit 
Taiwan this year. Typhoon Wayne swept 
through last month, leaving 52 dead and 
damage estimated at £270 milium. 

Israelis and Lebanon militia 
in drive to capture gunmen 

Israeli troops reinforced 
members of their proxy South 
Lebanon Army (SLA) militia 
yesterday in an attempt to 
capture at least 12 of the 75 
Lebanese gunmen who on 
Thursday staged their biggest 
attack on General Antoine 
Lahd's militia in four years of 
guerrilla warfare against Israel 
and its allies. 

Hezbollah “Party of God” 
members and gunmen from 
the Lebanese Communist 
Party yesterday were vaunting 
what they called their “heroic 
confrontation against the 
army of the agent Lahd”, 
circulating photographs of the 
bodies of several of the dead 
militiamen lying in the ruins 
of their mountain outposts. 

The SLA have conceded 
that they lost 1 1 dead in the 
conflict and the guerrillas now 
say that three of their men 
were killed while 12 others are 
missing, apparently crying to 
escape from the Israelis on the 
hillsides below Jezzine with 
two captive members of the 

Afghan siege 
forces united 
rebel attacks 

Nicosia (AP) - Nine Af- 
ghan rebel groups have agreed 
to step op attacks against 
government forces and the 
Soviet Army i» western 
Afghanistan to ease pressure 
on several hundred guerrillas 
besieged by 20,000 troops, the 
Iranian news agency Irna 
reported yesterday. 

The agency, monitored in 
Nicosia, said the groups met 
on Thursday at Mashhad in 
Iran, near the border with 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

The battles also dem- 
onstrated that the guerrillas 
are trying to sever the corridor 
of territory held by the SLA 
and running from the Israeli 
occupation zone up to the 
Christian mountain town of 

The Israelis are unlikely to 
allow that to happen: but to 
prevent it they will be forced 
to send their soldiers north of 
the occupied area — as they 
did yesterday — and thus risk 
suffering the sort of casualties 
which many Israelis feel are 
unacceptable in the Lebanon 
war. The Lebanese resistance 
movement, which is helped by 
Sunni as well as by Shia 
Muslim fundamentalists, has 
long tried to tempt the Israelis 
into just such a renewed 

Even as the Israelis were 
hunting for the SLA's 
attackers yesterday, the 
French paratroop contingent 
of the United Nations force 
further south was redeploying 
to new positions which will — 
so the UN hopes — prevent 

One killed in 
student riots 

Dhaka — One person was 
killed and more than 1 00 oth- | 
ers were wounded when bor- 
der guards were called to quell 
riots between university stu- 
dents and transport workers in 
northern Bangladesh on Thur- 
sday (Ahmed FazI writes). 

The violence, which erupt- 
ed after a group of workers 
attacked a woman student, 
forced the closure of the 
university in Rajshahi Town, 
about 240 mile from Dhaka. 

A clerk of court drawing a cotour-coded 
marble from a “bingo” container during a 
raffle in Manila yesterday to pick a three-judge 
paneL The panel will retry 26 people charged 
with tolling Mr Benigno Aquino in 1983. 

Judge Conrado Molina, who refused to 
handle the original trial because of his family 
ties with one of the accused, was appointed 

chairman of the three-man team. Two of his 
nieces are married to children of one of the 

The retrial was ordered last week by the 
Supreme Court, which said last December's 
acquittal of Uie former Armed Forces chief 
General Fabian Ver. 24 other soldiers and a 
civilian was a “sham”. 

Singaporeans Chirac setback Top Bulgarians linked to coins fraud 

targets of 
a state Cupid 

Singapore (R«rt«) - Singa- 
pore’s stale matchmakers smd 
yesterday the) were P burning 
a campaign to encourage tbon- 

jtonds of secondary-school gra- 
duates to many. 

Officials at CgSJl 

meat’s om-y /Ins? 
Development Section (Slȣ 

iaH they would m»»te Ae 

toung people to meet numbers 
if the opposite sex at s 0 ®' 
events in 100 dubs »B over the 


The SDS has run a number 

of small gathenn^. bat the 
director. Miss Ng-C^ Cfr» 
l^c. said that wtmill> djSm- 

on television 

From Susan MacDonald 

The Constitutional Council, 
France’s highest authority on 
constitutional matters, has an- 
nulled two articles of the 
Government’s broadcasting 
Bill which was pushed through 
parliament in August by 
means of the guillotine, which 
cuts short debate. 

The two articles concern the 
rules governing the pnvaaza- 
tion of Frances main state 
television channel, TFl, and 
jjie re-allocation of two exist- 
ing private channels. 

The council is worried tirat 

By Roger Boyes 
East European 

past decade the coins have 
been disappearing. 

About 12,000 undent gold. 

. , . _ . ^stiver and copper coins are 
A missing from the inventory. 

j-a pore parliamentary. «hb£ foe Bill does not guanimee the 
toendes would wgamw pluralism of broadcasting and 

cos, dancing classes, guard against takeovers by 

Sjsandwoek^outmgfor f fl|gc ^ groups, 
iidgte people aged bet* j objections mean that a 

and 30 ' new Bill will have lo be passed 

She expects some (hroiigh Parliament this au- 
be attracted to the scheme y luffln lrt clarify tins poinL 
next June. 

“Ending a unique exhibit — a 
Alexander (1331-1371). 

pieces from oue of the world’s . 

most valuable coin collections "J* * Western expert 
and sold them to private to “spw* gold corns 

dealers in the West. “archeofogwJ 

names, it is dear that highfy- For th “J 

K . museum direct? 

Ivan Dzambale 

involved m the fraud. triaLIfeexpfau 

Bulgaria is a veritable the coins were 1 
goldmine for p —tana ni various impon 
with dozens of archeological named people, 
fiwfe Most of the 

and earlier yielding thousands cefpts butverv V 
of unusually well preserved ^ ^ 

coins and seals. receipt, for exai 

For the past six years the 
museum director, Mr Christo 
Ivan Dzambalew, has been on 
triaLHs explanation was that 
the coins were “borrowed” by 
various Important, but un- 
named people. 

Most of them signed re- 
ceipts hot very low values were 
placed on the coins. One 
receipt, for example, is for 432 

The Tsar’s seal, worth sev- 
eral thousands of pounds, was 
signed out for 200 leva, (Hr £67. 
Evidently the signers conve- 
niently tost the borrowed coins 
and netted a huge profit 

Who waylaid the coins? 
There is some speculation that 
the borrowers were friends of 
the late Mrs Ludmilla 
Zhivkova, the daughter of 
Bulgarian leader, Mr Todor 
Zhivkov. For most of the 
period of tire fraud she was in 
charge of Bulgarian culture, a 
very active member of the 
Politburo and the Cnftnre 

She thus carries some of the 
political responsibility for the’ 
fraud even if she did not 
personally profit from it 

It used to be a common 
practice in Eastern Europe to 
borrow pieces of furniture or 

in 1981 at the age ef 39 -were 
famous for their high firing, : 
inducting shopping trips to 
Vienna and Paris. 

The children of Politburo 
members have been known to 
smuggle valuable art works 
from Bulgaria into Turkey to 
finance their trips to the West. 

Mr Dzambalow, however, 
has been extremely discreet 
throughout his six-year triaL 
The receipts be has shown in 
his defence have been mainly 
signed by people now dead and 
the charges against him have 
been whittled down to 
“wastefulness” and “mis- 
management of a state 

m ^?to lack of evidence, the 
judges hare decided not to put 
him in jail, but to fine him 
about 112,000 leva (£37.500). 

That is about 40 years 
average wages, or the market 

Most of them have been coins valued at only 33,725 
housed in the archaeol o gical leva (about £11,000) which is 

pai nting s from museum stored ' value of about 10 of the 
rooms and treat them as one's mW ng coins. The mild sen- 

funher attacks being made 
against them by the Hez- 
bollah. The French left their 
northernmost outpost at dawn 
and handed it over to soldiers 
from the UN's Nepalese 

The Syrian Army mean- 
while has announced that it 
intends to prevent any further 
deterioration in security in 
west Beirut. Brigadier-General 

Gbazi Kenaan. the head of 1 the consumer. 

Tokyo in 
boost for 

From David Watts 

Japan has introduced a 
package of measures worth a 
record 3.600 billion yen 
(about £12.8 billion) lo stimu- 
late the domestic economy, 
but it is likely to have little 
impact on imports. 

The Government hopes 
that (he package will boost the 
flagging economy to 4 per cent 
growth for the year. 

In August Japan had a $ l .57 
billion (£1.05 billion) surplus 
with the EEC countries and a 
$4.42 billion surplus with the 
US. The overall surplus was 
$7.5 billion for the month, 
compared with $3.49 billion 
for the same period last year. 

The measures, the third 
package this year, come after 
months of urging from abroad 
(hat the Japanese economy be 
stimulated in the hope that 
more imports will be sucked 
in. But only additional capital 
expenditure by the inter- 
national telephone service 
KDD. which has recently 
shown greater willingness to 
purchase from abroad, is 
likely lo involve imports. 

Three thousand billion yen 
of the package will be local 
and national government 
expenditures, with the balance 
coming from the private sec- 
tor. By increasing the amount 
available for mortgages from 
the government housing loan 
corporation, the Government 
expects to see an extra 30.000 
housing units built this year. It 
will also spend an extra 1.400 
billion yen on road improve- 

Other measures are to help 
small industries hit by 1 the 
rising yen to find new markets 
and secure employment in 
those industries, and to ensure 
that the benefits of the stron- 
ger currency are passed on to 

Syrian Army intelligence in 
Lebanon, told a news con- 

• TOKYO: Three Japanese 
companies have joined a US 

ferenre in the northern city of I company in a feasibility study 

Tripoli that “kidnappers and 
bank robbers will be dealt with 

The abduction of two more 
Americans in west Beirut last 
week and a series of spectacu- 
lar bank robberies by gunmen 
who are, like the rest of the 
population, leefing the col- 
lapse of the Lebanese pound, 
has been deeply embarrassing 
to the Syrians who sent their 
troops into the Muslim sector 
of the city in July for the 
express purpose of restoring 
law and order. 

on a new satellite tele- 
communications service in 
Japan (AFP reports). 

The Tokyo-based company 
formed for the joint venture. 
Japan Satellite Commun- 
ications Network Planning 
Corporation, hopes to prepare 
the way for a high-speed data 
transmission service linking 
corporate clients by way of 
small Earth satellite stations 
similar to the very smalt 
aperture terminals of the US. 

It would also -provide a 
circuit-leasing service. 

Tamils blame police 
gunfire for deaths 

From Vqitha Yapa, Colombo 
The Citizen’s Committee of result of the explosion, one 

Batticoloa in eastern Sri 
Lanka yesterday said that 1 1 
civilians died and 30 others 
were missing after police 
drove through the town killing 

It said the police also set fire 
to shops while Air Force 
planes strafed areas of the 

The missing include 23 
people who had watched a 
film at the Rajeswary Theatre 
and who are alleged to have 
been held by a police task 
force. The Citizen’s Commit- 
tee has sent a telegram to 
President Jayewardene asking 
for an immediate official 

The incidents occurred after 
a car bomb exploded on 
Thursday near a bus stand. 
The Citizen’s Committee said 
the Mast killed only two 
civilians: 1 1 others whose 
bodies were taken to a mor- 
tuary died of bullet wounds. 

The Government confir- 
med that 13 people died, but 
claimed three were burned in 
a bus which caught fire as a 

was electrocuted when a high 
tension wire fell on him while 
the others waiting at the bus 
stop died as a result of the 

But a press release yesterday 
said “terrorists had fired” at a 
Jeep carrying seven policemen 
who were injured by the car 
bomb explosion back to their 

“It is believed some civil- 
ians might have been seriously 
injured or dead as a result of 
the terrorist fire.” it said. 

The Minister of National 
Security. Mr Lalith Aihulath- 
mudali. said the explosives 
had been detonated by remote 

He said that the Liberation 
Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the 
most hardline of the five 
principal extremist groups, ap- 
peared to be responsible for 
the attack. 

Earlier this week, he toured 
Batticoloa and told security 
forces that winning the hearts 
and minds of the Tamil 
civilians was an important 
aspect of their work. 



museum of Plovdiv, Bulgaria's 
second largest dry. Bat for the 

only a small fraction of the 
true valae. 

own property. Many of those 
associated with Mrs Zhiv- 
kova - who died mysteriously 

tence suggests that he is 
reaping the reward of his 



High, wide and Hanson 


Ijin Botham arid Vrv^ Ricfraffls 
have already signed ioranofoer 
club. Yes. -they have agreed terms , 
with H u ngedard; Town t football 
^lub^uf ihe Vai^xhall ppel '.League. ! 

ajiulc longj in I 

exploits fori. ' Scunthorpe . ;apd~ 
Yjajvil ,• haveVriot .gene without 
notice* hut. Richards Lcumps that 
by being die ©nl&person hb have, : 
played. ip. bonh foe.cncket and- s the-.< 
fckubaU world played; for ■ 
’Antigua . during-, the qualifying 
stages oftedfoothall competiubu. 

,Both have their > commitments:; 
over: the winter! buf .Hungerfbrtti : 
aK*. optimistic that both wilL be.-! 
able to play> regularly 'in the new 
year. The dub's secretary, ■ Kdih • 
Lovitt. said: “Thfey are both very; 
keen to-ptey for tis.’mW we would: 
love to. have, them in the team 1 
They a re [goodjjla y ersCThe ir first ; 
appearance ibgefoerihpuTd be in a i ‘ tor Celebrate HuriferifordV 
centen^ry^next ■ Sunday against 
Somerset crick'ef dub.. No one' is. , 
quite sure on which 'rideRicfiards i 
and Botham will play. . *! 


M.eahwhile' ; I team ftonva pctfl ■ 
commissioned by Potarokf that" 
Botham is" the 27th most Stylish. : 
person ih Brnain. Only Otic other 
sportsman got into the top-30 — ' 
Sebastian “Coe. at 43rd. Fascinat- 
ing to recount 60 per ’.cint'bf ! 
Boiham’s. .votes came from; men ■ 
under 35, .while a Coe's support * 
came mainly from ..over-43s. To 
put all this in context, the Princes^ 
of Wales was first 'Prince Chafes, ' 
second, and Prince Andrew join! j 
third wito,T«Ty Wpgau-' : V 

Flat-broke. :f 

How rich and.' glarribrous iff'lHe 
world pf racing. tuning 

linc-iip for the BeWdlty Sfeifing i; 
Siajces at . Wolverhampton, errr ! 
Monday. ' Matt; 'McComt prqutf j: 
trainer of the tyinrier;, Usakaty^; 
said afterwards: rThat raiist be the „ 
worst race ever riiij." He ; bad j 
something, of. a pomu^.U. was - 
eleventh. time Uicky. for Lirakatyi , 
Tbe-^ix three-year-olds in. the-race 
had between them ,36-runs, which ;• 
included one second mid one; 1 
thirds Sporting Lifec which gives 
horse&raiings which sometimes go > 
up iato-the .90s. did not give any 
rating at all to threeof the runners. 
One was rated at two, and. with, 
masterly understatement -said to 
be “disappointing’’,- Lisakaty’s tri- 
umph wa? .rewarded .with , the 
prioedy sum of^ £73130- This: 
being . a . selling race, she was 
offered for safe aftewards at £800.*; 
There Wert: no-takers. .- . 


For a man whose main claim to 
fame was as actress Audrey 
Hepburn’s fiance. James, now 
Lord. Hanson has come a long 
uaj. The 6ft 4m Yorkshirefhan 
once made. headlines as. a. debs’. . 
delight:-- today it is- said that he’ 
bu>s and sells whole industries at % 
the flick of his fingers; An exag- 
geration:— buinot much.' 

A few, days ago.- bis.eompapy..' , 
Hanson . Trust. ..sold; Courage,-, < 
Britain's sixth largest brewers, far- ’ 
£ljtOOmilIiort ; The : : deal • was .a 
reroaxkaWe on ai-number of scores- ■> 
Firstly.- Hanson', had owned it fora , 
mere five -months. Secondly, he. 
sold at an astonishingly'. fev-.i 
ourable price. Thirdly, i.ibe deal 
represents* deliberate break-up of > 
one of the .country's-' best-known , ;i 
businesses. Imperial Group.-' 

Not many -years ago*- it would - 
have been politically, socially and 
financially, unacceptable for. any -' 
aggressive company fo- mount ap . ... 
assault on arkemerpriseas big. as. > 
successful and as well-known as .: 
I Imperial, with the sole airo'of. . 
breaking it- up for a swift .profit. . ... - 
Bur for Hanson : and bis .col- 
leagues- buying and sdHng.bigger--.:. 
and yet .- bigger- companies Tnay- 
have become more- important 
than actually Tunning-, them. Ir is : ^ 

John Bell, City Editoiyon the tycoon for 
whom takeovers are a way oflife 

something- that he has learned, to 
da- with astonishingjucqess. 

Starting, with only £130,000 of 
hi$ family's money — made out of . 
road haulage, he hgs.created . i.„ 
caftectiori of companies here,' is 
Eipope and especially in the. V$ ? 
that together rank anigng Britain’s ‘ 
biggest half dozen corporate era- • 
piies. Anyone who pint jy.,000 into >: 
his ,-fi ret. venture in 1 964-. would -- 
now be sitting on £500,000. ... 

Hanson's ; /ecent wheeling and: > 
dealing has created 'Controversy in -■ 
the .City. , but, he. was resided as 
conventional, almost to. the point ,. 
ofi boredoro, during the heyday of.. 
stock market opdnfore like Jim • 
Slater and Sir James Goldsmith. 
He seemed to have a penchant for , 
boring companies in- well-estab- 
lished industries; , provided that 
they. had. surplus assets available : 
for sale, generated Liberal amounts 
of cash* and sbowed-a reasonable. . .. 
return on.xanita! during the ups . 
and dowityTJf a business cycle. ... \ 
So while others became stained ' 
with- -the label “asset-stripped, 
Hanson quietly - ran- solid manu- 

facturing.- businesses, like bricks. , 
batteries -and engineering, prod- . 
uas. But- towards the end . of the 
1970s the takeovers,, and sales , 
became biggerand more frequenL.: 
And as. the targets became, greater 
and profits.' 

Perhaps" the- greatest coup "to- 
date was the 1 takeover in January 
ofthe tlS conglomerate SCM, best 
kdow in-Britainfbritstypewrirers, 
for S930 million. HanSoti TnSt'; 
immediately began carving it up at-’ 
an immense profit'; By selling the 
SCM[ paint operation to 1C1; and - 
other minor - disposals. Hanson 
has recouped the whole -of the ’ 
purchase price. In other words.- hi 
a matter of months; Hanson' has - 
gaftied control of a major office 
equipment and chemicals com- 
pany at almost no cost. 

After th&sale of Courage with ire , 
5,000 pubs, . the scoresheet on die 
break-up' of Imperial is looking 
almost as remarkable, ror . 
cost of il.OOO-'.million, -Hanson 
has companies, which last year 
made profits of about £200 . mil- . 

lion - superb going by City 

With its balance sheet im- 
mensely strengthened by all .these 
disposals, there is hardly a busi- 
ness in the UK which Hanson 
could not afford io buy. Corporate 
finance experts now reckon that 
.with its current cash.apd borrow-, 
mg facilities, a bid of. over £4,000 
million is possible. 

. But in the Oty . there is ihcreas- . 
rag unease fs.thre recent success, 
real, or is' it the hyper-activity of a 
strategy, which demands 'bigger 
and more freqdent takeovers, 
{closures and disposals? Does it 
fealty benefit the. economy: and 

tyhere. might Han^oa-style mega- 
bids and mega-breakups lead if 
allowed untrammelled freedom? . ; 

Lord Hanson and., bis. closest 4 
supporters defend ' their record 
stoutly on the grounds that they 
are merely . indentifying under- 
priced or under-utilized Industrial 
assets, and that companies joining . 
the , group benefit considerably 
from, the Hanson treatment. . . 
- Xhe judgement of- history must, 
wait until Hanson and his long- 
standing partner, J.Sir Gordon 
.White' •— both in their sixties — . , 
ban d over tire- -reins to others. • 
Until then the jury is opt. .. 

Michael Kinsley 



passing exams 




1V»t six to loar one of them- 

will fold by the end or the Fist’ 


An attempt . on the century-old 
record for throwing a cricket- ball 
failed this week when Don Topley 
of Essex- managed -only a mere 
332ft team ’mate Keith 
Pom. who bad been exported -lo 
get efose to ihe record — 422ft — 
suffered a bout of nerves and was 
yards below his previous best of 
4l4ft.Doubt surrounds the date of 
the record throw, . by Robert 
Pcrcival. HVvtAvi has long re- 
corded it as 1 834 and the C/upipcu- 
Book of Rvcords as 1881/ but' 
researchers now point to 1882. 
And how accurate was it? A 
correspondem was told by his 
father, who witnessed the throw, 
that H was paced out rather- than 
measured. Until 1938- B'fsrfpn-also 
induded a throw by an Australian 
aborigine called King Billy m. 

I '872. According to the “notable 
gentleman" who witnessed 'and j 
measured it. he hurled in at 427 'ft ; 
tfin. but 'they knocked off the: j 
7 1 "; ft because they’ were using a ] 
cotton, lap?' and' not a measuring 
chair). Has poor King Billy been- 
ujujistK' treated by history? It is up 
ig Kcnh Pont to sort the matter, 
ouboncv-and for ail by throwing 
4 29 ft and more. He has resolved , 
ui.hate a crack at it this winter. 

Swing low. - 

WTiy should the devil Have all -the 
best games? North wood: Hifis’ 
Evangelical church fn north Lon- 
don converted -Hiself into 1 air 
mii 'T golf driving range for six 
... v .,, ;v -v -his summer: and now 

.- :.-.cvr,ihr.- f .crer* -S she- 
,-arti T'-' '.iSfffi- r-'iliv. 

ETL- 1 . r, \.K:. -it-. ; 

\ k j*c nr-,- 

eht \i ' a nd gave- ad i. >d. • ^ 

haih were plastic, with holes in. 
the kind that don’t shatter stained 
glass windows. The aim was to 
bring non churchgoers through' 
l he doors. I hope the scheme 
,-ijr. : nues to succeed. It ought to: 
t'Olftrs know more about praying 
than most sportsmen. 

Un official Soviet cnitnrai wieckty SoK&aryH 
Kaiiuta- has publuhed excerpts- from a new ' 
play which 'fe^ekpected to be performed Ire' 
groups aft ova* the Soviet UnJorf «Ae gaming 
mpotfe. It isadled^iiriepivAdgBXj; »a^i itssiibfect * 
istbe Chernobyl nodear dS^aster. ' - 1 

In, a histiyricaLeveAi;ib drkma to 

somt aner ite bapppun^tlk writer, Vladimir 
Gobarer, has.reviyei a pracricecMranon fo the . 
1920s fo the Soviet Union' wbeir the revtdntion 
and dyfl tn|r were the subject of plays *alte« 
arbimd the country' by gnwps Of actors. 

.The practice went mtndisase, largely because 
the 'weight of foe cnitnral ttorexacnicy made it : 
hard to ptfoftsh, and then stage, Jqfock-friktioQ ’ 
works. The publicatio of foe CfiotnAyl.pJaj.S'' 
tahtonuRmt- id a statement, by, the : [Soviet . 
authorities that change isafoot, both in efoqral 
policy and in policy on information- 

-- What K unusual about the pablished excerpts 
of tbe 'play (which may wf be trite when the' 
complete version becomes 'available) is the 
absence of- -t&e exaggerated heme time coatmon 
-ttrSo toony Se vie! press reports of the. disaster. 
There is aiBBMr aid pessuttism. The pre- - 
eminence of srience in Soriet soqety (embodied 
In the figure of the . physicist) t$- caUetf fofo- 
qjiestioii, So is a system which demands speed 
before " responsibility, and prefers offeials * 
predictable in thelr dUBnessand loyalty to those 
who question orders: i . 

_ Even in the short ‘published e xcer pts there 
are aDusioas to :ajwardice and attended cover- " 
ops and pubtic igdocahee about the dangers of .' 
radiation... The- peasant woman's references to 
wormwood and jgK ft .and foe apocalypse are ' 
based in fact! about foe nhminent end 

of the ^Wrfd, associated in part wfth the name 

Chernobyl — which in: Rnssian means a variety : 
.of phut akin to wormwood — circulated widely 
in tbeSorief Unirni after the accideiU. -<v 
Against foe conventions, that. have been 
broken, however, many have been npheULTbe. 
ttoeducated people, the peasant woman, foe 
' geheraFs driver and ihe power. station worker - 
are- sympathetically -drawn' and -show ntest 
common sense after the acrident 
' WhOe^posing questions -about bow. Soviet 
society is- organized and functions, the play can 
in no way be regarded as /subversive, Ratt ^ ft. 
harnesses 1 many of foe 1 points MlkMsIl. 
’ Gorbachov and others have been makfagin foe 
wake of the aorident foe .calls. *w. .mote, 
openness: — but “not ' too madi : — and r foe' 
recognition: that'* the authorities have _ a 
responsibility to people as well as to dfkul- 
targets. Mary Dcsevskv 

Sep ng: The experimental seplion of 
ihepwinticof Radjation ^Safety. A ' 
hugereccption arcawittfa number. : 
of numbered -cubicles bp/uneLl ' 
A/en. . Rpd lights , cpme on. the . 
distant \uail of d.siren. ' . .. 

Aima Petrovna (an the phonefl^ 
Impossible! How. many..... I. 
don’t believe it! . . . We thought it 
was only a practice ^ Yes,, all ; 

three of jus are her e. .(puis die . 
phone down). An*- accident at. 
reactor No 4 at- atomic power ., 
station. -A bad fire. Several. dozen * 
people hurt. Some .with, radiation. ; 
burns. - They’ll be. here' in. a few J 
minutes 1 . . (to her assistants) It’s 
a red alert... No. not war... -An ■ 
explosion at an atomic reactor. 1 
No. not an atomic explosion. . , . 
The red background gets brighter^ 
and brighter. Sergeyev- enters 
lowed- bp tnlf workers carrying a ; 
stretcher. .4 driver follows. them. 
Sergeyev {to the driver): Hqw do . 
you feet? • 

Driven Alt-right. 

Sexgeyer. Dizzy? - .. ! 

Driven Only fora moment 1 

Anna Petrovmtfto He’Sj 

got a slight -rash on his race; How 
much has he bad? 

Sergeyev: I don’t know. He was 
waiting for his boss — a general in- 
ibeinijemal Police —at reactor No 
4. -He .waited three houcs^ There 
was as much as 50Q roentgen an 
hour in places. ■ 

Assistant Whydidhewait? 
Sergeyev: He was waiting for; his - 
boss. He had ta 

Assistant: -But there was radi- 
ation — 

Sergeyev: My dear, radiation has. 
no smell and no colour. And the- 
bosscs are used to being where the 
action is. - 

Enter Aunt Klava, a peasant 
woman; a physicist and ^ several 
oihcrsJ. , . . ' I; 

Sergeyev: . So there was, an explo- 
sion after all? 

Ptilsyna: Of course. It’s just that 
some people need to prove there: 
wasn’t, that there was only a, fire. 
Sergeyev: Is there really such a big 

Ptitsyna: A vast difference. An 
explosion counts as a crime, but a 
fire is just negligence- That-is, why 
the procurator ^ 'was* on the sane 
immediately. Mind you. for them, 
f turning to the cubicles) it doesn’t 
matter any more. 

Klava: l*ve got to get back to my 
house . . . Dashka the cow hasn’t 
been milked. 

Assistant: Don’t ■worry. That’ll be 
looked after. 

Klava: The hens haven't been feii 
There was only, me and. Dashka. 
And she hasn't been milked 
— She’ll die. 

Assistant: I'll phone to ask some*, 
one to milk her. Of course. I will’ 
Klava: And have them feed- the 
hens as well. Dashka’s all I have: 
She's old and sick, but she feeds 
me..'. They told me there would 
be wormwood . . . and. the river 
water would turn bitter ... 
Assistant: Wormwood'. . . rivers 
flowing with gall . . . Is she deliri- - 

QUS? . . 

Ptitsyna: It's the apocalypse. You 
start thinking about God and the 

Assistant: How did she get here? 
Ptitsyna: There was ftfHWL from 
the reactor. She was working Iti® 
her garden. The cow was nearby-’’ 
and the Ifens.' The doses they goi 
were fifty times above the danger . 
level. Everything was dying, bur. 
the hens seemed not lobe affected 
4- except that, they became very 
aggressive.' 'Started attacking the 
n v b;:v e-H wi . ' ■ 

\wotar.-; v, Cr IrSbut 

:mwaj . . ‘ ‘ . - ~- 

Piit’iina: Don't. D^nVleU Iter. 
Diuhkj and ail the other livestock 
m the zone were, slaughtered. It 
had to be done, 

77ie general ■ mines out of his 

General: The water Here- is dread- 
ful. I washed mj hair, combed ib 
and it's coming out in 
clumps ...(to thejihysieist): It’s 

all your feylt, you physicists. Yqu'- 
think atomic energy is the future 
of' d id (nation .... bombs, -re- 
actors. power stations. you've 

invented them all. 

Physicist: Why are you blaming 
uS? A reactor is a miracle. But ypu 
have to' treat it properly. It can. 
rake a lot. but there's a limit. Just 
like there is with people. 

General: What do you mean? 
Physicist:, I. could be.wong, but I 
think the safety system was shut 
otTby someone. - - 
Genual: But who? 

Physicist: That is a very difficult 
question. ... 

Driven Some senior offidal. 
Physicist Yes. An ordinary op- 
erator couldn't lake that decision 
by himself. - - - 

The stage darkens. ThcWdJknnc~ 
bums even more brightly. 

Radiation monitor I bad no idea 
howinuch radiation they had been 
exposed to. I thought it was less, 
but it was 200 ..... 

Procurator; Do you not have' a 
duplicate set of machines? 

Monitor: Where could we get 
them from? The ones we had had 
been repaired over and over again, 
and they were about 3ft years old. 
Procurator: But it. was a hew. 
pow«r station, only ten years.qld.' 
Monitor: That’s neither here nor 
there. Our machines came from a 
wareho'use so m ew' h ere."Thev were 
sent to us' rather than being written, 
off. We coped, so long as there 
wasn't an accident. We mended 
and made da And we were well 
organized. Commissions- from' 
Moscow came to check: They 
'always found everything in order*. 
Operator: You may - not have 
known what was going on. But I 
Knew. I saw the graphite red-hot. 
Pieces were felling on the floor of 
the reactor. They were bright blue 
and glowing. Even without your-, 
maps it wos cte9 was not 
20., riot 200. but 1.00ft. can -f-ttsku 
something. When did they .evac- 
uate ihc IQW71? 

P rocurator: On. Sunday. -lit two 
and a haJf hours flat They got a. 
thousand buses and took everyone 
away. • - ~ . 

Operator: But why -didn’t , foey 
announce h./ighl away On the 
radio? < - 

Procurator: They. were waiting for 
the government commission. 
Operation Why? 'Would it have 
decided somcthirHJdifferenC?. Why- 
wait? .- 2 . 

Procurator: No one could take the 

Operator: Couldn't, .or wouldn't? 
Procurator. Didn't. 

Operator You ought to be asking 

Why they didn't not quizzing us. 
The problem was we were always 
in a hurry*, we pledged To have’the 
reactor finished three months' 
early, and in operation two days 
early. We asked four limes for new 
meters, but no one was in any 
hurry at the top . . . The builders 
rushed the whole thing through. 
Underneath the reactor you’U find 
hunks of concrete, a coupfe of 
mcchnical diggers, and all for the 
sake of some sort of aw®uxl- Who 
needs that sort of speed? 
Procurator f/o the generaPp U was 
your signature, on the document 
accepting reactor No 4. wasn’t it? * 
General: Not only No 4. all pf 
them. I have worked here. for 15 
years. . ' . v • 

Procurator DitJ.yotTknow about 
the fire in the textile 'lartcuy'iTr ‘ 
Bukhara twelve years ago? 

General: It is a textbook case . - . 
Procurator: Yes or no? , 

General: Of course. - 
Procurator: The roof was rpadc or 
easily inflammable material. It 
bunted in fivc-orsix minutest The 
guilty parties were punished. 
General: Yes. but . ‘ . 

Proc u rator: Why did -you sign the 
acceptance documents when the 
roof was made' of. the same 
material and you knew that it was 
forbidden to use that material in 
industrial projects? 

General: I objected ... I told the. 
heads.-of the ministry. ' 

Procurator .But you still signed?. 
General: But ypu know what level 
a power station is-accepted at? My- 
signature was a pure formality. 
Procurator: The fire m the ma- 
chine-room was* no. formality. It 

went tip. like guri powder. That 

son.- of roof was banned -twelve 
years ago.'WhK 0 ^ ft used? 

Head: Thtffe^was a lot of it in the 
warehouse. Wc bad a deadline to 
meet.-'. 1 

General- If J 4iad jiQt. signed, 
someone else would have done. Or 

ign things you cair 
sign with a Clear conscience? - . .. 

. j . : -- 

Procurator- Were you told that 
there w^s not just n fire..bul an. 
cvpCpsiori as wcjf? . 

General; H was hard to find ouf 
immcdiaidy.. - 
Procurator Did- you inform the 
relevant people about the explo- 
sion? Yes or no? . 

General: I called - the Ukraine 
Council of Ministers. I was told: 
"Fear -makes everything seem 
bigger. .Mind- vour- own business; 
your own business is putting the 
fire out as quickly as possible.” So 
that's what i did. 

Procurator. Why did the firemen 

not have protective clothing? Not. 
.one of them. According to the 
; i regulations everyone at the -fire 
: station must be provided with-it. 
General, says nothing.- • 

Head of power station: No one: 
thought it would be needed; it was 

.-procurator: You mean yon were. 
, economizing? . . 

. General: f refuse to answer that 

Procurator Up hedd of power 

■ station): You were not at the 
power station at the time, is that: 

■ cornea? ► 

Head: I could riot get back in tone. 
But r was there at the beginning. 
Procurator: Did you realize what 
had happened? 

Head: Nearly. In general. • 
Procurator: And you left? 

Head:! I got out. You under- 
stand ... 

' Procurator 1 know that your 

- grandchildren were at - home, by 
themselves, and you got in your 

- car. picked up the grandchildren 

• and went . You understood 
better than anybody what . had 
happened. Yet the Very next 

; morning there were children play- 
ing football outside. And people 
were selling fresh eucumbdrs' on 
the streets . . . Lei me ask .you 
' something quite different. I have 
seen your papers. At school,- at the 
institute, you werenT especially 
bright. Bui yoii were the 6nly. one 
of your group to become' director 
. of a power station. The others 

didn't make iu Why? _ 

Head: I worked. Probably harder 
than ihc others, so I got ahead. 
Don't -worry. I didn’t have, any 
-helping hand". Papa is not a 
minister, ray' mother-in-law is ‘a 

worker. No one helped me. i.did it 
all by myself * 

Procurator: But why was the 
prev ious head of thc-power station 

dismissed?. . . 

Head: Everyone knows: He bad 
four reprimands for disobeying in- 

Procurator: But they talk about 
him wiih.respccL affection even. 

• Head: I know, but he was ,a 
difficult character. 

Procurator Of coucse. He .didn’i 
obey all his orders. He challenged _ 
them, incidentally, he was dead' 
against accepting reader Nb.4. . 

Why d id n’t .you objea? 

Head: I didn't object but I made 
requests, wrote. letters.'. I worked 
through the usual-channels. And I 
didn't get any reprimands: Is that 
so very bad? 

Procurator: But your predecessor 
hud four-and nou single serious - 
Incident. You had none..and- r an 
accident . . ; . i 

Each- year more than a -million 
American high school students 
take ■ a . halfday exam called ihe 
scholastic aptitude test (SAp. The 
principal - test for admission to. 
university; the $AT ? js roughly' 

equivatem-to ihe' British AweVel, 

with twb rrtie resting differences. . ’ 

FirSi. il is com posed and admin- - 

istered.- ndt by any government 
authority, but by a private.concern - 
called t he : E ducational Testing 
Service (ETS). which runs exams 
for - everything , from private 
preparatory school admission to 
certification - as a professional 
golfer: *?' 

Second, unlike the A-lcvd, the - 
SAT is completely muhipferchoice 
and grad^L by computer.This is a . 
practical liece&iiy.,; but ir is also „ 
centra] to the claim ihat 'die SAT is s 
“(fojearve”: Despite ETS’s prot- 
estations foat the SAT. "is not a * 
test of 'some -inborn and unchang- 
ing capaci iy” .the cultural consen- 
sus is thaifopSAT ranks everyone 
ire America on a brainpower scale -. 
from.200 io 800. 

-pew college admissions actually 
turn on SAT scores. The reaf 
social function of the SAT is as a' 
ritual celebration Of America's 
treasured belief in ■ itself . as - a . 
meritocracy., it 

.Until 1979,. ETS was all-power-: 
ful. Its- questions,, answers,' and 
score calculations .were beyond 
challenge. In tftat year. New York ' 
State passed a so-called “tnim-in- 
icstihg” l aw; gi ving outriders at 1 
cess- ' to £T$s questions and' 
all^edl y *■ correct - answers. That 
begap.a process of demystification- 
which culminated this month with , 
publication qf Cracking (he Sys- 
tefaby AdamRobioson ah‘d John 
Katzmah. inventors 1 of an SAT 
coaching course called foe Prince- 
ton Review. - .- . 

-SAT coaching has become big 
business. What is so. subversive 
about the Princeton Reviewis foal . 
it starts front, foe premise that SAT . 
measures ndfoiftg'. important,! 
Rather, it’s; '•Simply a test o f how ' 
good you are at takmg ETS tests”. ' 

-fly rufoT&sty ignoring': aft 
considerations' of genuine ap- 
titude,-: and' concentrating instead ' 
op. foe gimmicks and flaws and 
comically . predictable habits of 
miitd that are built into every ETS 
exarrr, foe authors claim to. pro- 
duce- dramatic, .increases, in 
sludent&’ scores. . . . ■ . 

One hilarious inja^ht is that a 
multiple-choice question is merely 
one that. the average- person gets 
wrong. The test writer’s^ challenge 
is to toaSce sifre foe average perSob 1 
gets Ivraiagtfithec foattgBttiqgik.' 
rightj at: random . pr ri^it-^fer the 

wrong reason, ; •< . , ... 

;Thfc tfoty ; pr«|U<Sti m tp .do'- 
this is tiy -putting ^ so-cahed; 

“dSstractors” — answers that look • 
right, but aren’t-’ For mechanical 
reasons, .foe questions in . each 
sedion' of foe' test Start out “jasy” 
and get “hard”. The trick^foerp** 
fore, is to look for the bbvioi^ 
answer and" choose' ft if •'foe' 
question is. near the' beginning of? 
the section, but eliminate ft if .it 
near the ewt- ' -*• 

For example, one. possible ah^F 
swer to a maths question is' s oftetiti» 
“It cannot be determined ftpnf tbg^ 
information gjven.”Tf foe ques-^ 
lion is near the- end. you can be^ 
sure' this is foe wrong answer. 
thequestion is near, the beginning^: 
it has a. 30-SO chance.- of being* 
right- - . . •* 

Thai’s just one way. to' use? 
knowledge of how foe tea. woriw® 
to outsmart its attempt to measure^ 
anyfoirw else. Even funnier is foe rf 

consist- of a passage followed bw^ 
questions about ft. -.- _■ ■ 

“You. should not attempt to-* 
understand the passage too 
oughly - in other words, yoiw} 
should not try to 'comprehend^ 
it~. the authors advisel Just 
through and dreie words ; Jike . 
“but", ’’although’’; “however"^* 
“yet”, “despite", .etc: Seventy pete* 
cent of the answers are “hiddeh”" 
behind words like these . that^ 
reverse foe logical flow of a^ 
sentence. ' ' ‘ . . . ' ’ 'fi 

After accusations of cultural 
bias in the 1960s; ETS - began„ 
adding- an “eforiic passage". <07 
each SAT. Don’t even .read it,- says? 
Princeton Review. “The. tone- of~ 
the ethnic .patoage, is inyariabty£ 
positive or inspirational- Answer^ 
choices that express negative ..onw 
unflattering opmibhs itoout erring 
orities, foerefore, can always be<- 
eliminated.'’ . , 

Likewise .anything. ..negative^ 
about professional -, or cufuiral 
types. “You would be exceedingly^ 
unlikely to find .ah SAT reading* 
passage about Uncaring doctor^ 
ruthless lawyety or unjscrupulousrni 
sefentists." . ‘ T ^ 

Cracking the System s* subver- 
sive on both, the pradkatand the . 
intellectual levels: As a practical’* 
matter, the secrets available Tor- 
$9.95 in this book will wreaks 
havoc with foe test results:* 
Intellectually, ihpse seems -under- 
mine foe pretension that ..foe SAT 
measures anything important. ; 

The best you can say ’for .tfiis^ 
monument to meritocracy;' after^t 
Cracking the System, is -foat itt 
tests ascertain animal cunning that 
may -be a belter measure of-futurt'* 
succes.jft Affteri<^ society, foam 11 
ETiSrStyie allude,. anyway, 

The author. js- editor -qf; .New;,* 
Republic: He. wifl fy nyjtihg ono 

' Woodrow Wyatt .. 

1 1 . *- 


• ■ • *■ 

Wltep the.SDP was launched I had' 
much sympathy for it and was; 
almost ; tempted to support it,. 
Most of . its fqunders were old. 
fiierrds who shared my view that’ 
foe tatiour Party in foe years to 
come was irretrievably lost to tbe» 
extreme left. It was not the social 
democrat party of Attlee of Gait-- 
skelh even, the party of Harold' 
Wilson.couJd make some claim to . 
containing the Militants. Marxists. 
andTroiskyisu who. aftCTthe next 1 
efecticm. will aominate the Par- 
liamentary Labour Party. 

- Britain, broadly, is a moderate - 
conntiy. with a- vaguely Conser- 
vative half and a. vaguely left half. 
By -its extremism Ubour bad. 
cfeariy begun to forfeit foe support 
of. the iauer,: The SDP: I hoped, 
would take over from Labour the- 
representation of those who are 
not normally ' Conservative, 
though often inclined to vote that- 
way. and offer the electorate a 
solid, social democratic party — 
one which.. the ..West German 
equivalent used to be: striving, 
with foe support of the iihions. to 
create, more wealth before dis- 
tributing what was in the kitty, 
thus weakening foe prospects of 
foe nation becoming richer. 

It is nof working out like that. 
The SDP is sound on trade union 
reform and., more or. less.- on 
defence. But it has been .badly 
bitten by the redistribution bug, 
convinced' that sharing but static 
wealth is better than making it 
grow. In the US the Democratic 
Party. wifo /MO* phralfds to foe' 
SDP. has welcomed the Reagan.- 
administration’s - new tax pro- 
posals. under which meet would 
pay no more than 15 per cent of 
their income aiid no one would 
pay_ more than -28 pty cent: 
Americans realize that xhe more 
millionaires there are the more foe 
standard - of living will rise 
throughout the nation. It. was 
predictable that Labour would 
oppose this' reasonings but h. is 
near fetal for foe SDP to do so. 

TheSDP’s grandiose scheme for 
raising £7 billion extra revenue for 
redistribution to the poorer may 
Have superficial appeal. David 
Owen proclaims that it will touch 
foe conscience ofthe nation. He is 
obviously affected by opinion- 
pofis suggesting -that people -are 
prepared to -pay more tax . if the 
money gpes on various aspects of 
soda! welfare. Thai is dreamland! 
Everyone likes to be 1 thought good 
natured when- foe question is' 
posed bm. faced with the reality of 
what it would mean to them, they 
react differently. 

However much foe SDP iries to 
put a gloss on foe proposaL foe 
public is getting the. point- that 
many ordinary voters wodld pay a 
lot more,' As ihe-Guardian pointed 

ig up an 

out on Thursdayi a: twftchikf 
family wifo the , maa earning* 
£8,000 a year and his wife £4,006'a- 
year would find theniselveS £2QCC> 
out of ; pocket Thdse . femilies , « 
where the man works biiLthp -wifei 
stays -at - home would "not--' be 
disadvantaged until ■ they got to, 
£1?.0Q0, after which they would tx£ 
clobbered^ forking- couples^ 
would, suffer at all leyds.'-Jt. alT 
smacks , of ^ the old, unpopular)* 
redistribution policies whidi shuf-i 
fled disposable iitcotnes afpundf 
without giving foe incentive to* 
increase them and- the ration's 
wealth. ’ .!' 

Higher taxes would ■■■lbrce, uj^ 
wages and infiatibn. The pubfic iv 
aware that a compulsory raconiesS 
policy — fop SDP’s proposed cure# 
— would be as disastrous as any^ 
previous incomes-policies.' •» * 

Then, who is to be leader? The, 
Alliance cannot bring itself to say", 
in advance of theelection. David* 
Steel is seen as more lightweight 
than Neil Kinnock. Alliance vot- 
ers, would prefer Owen. Bui there* 
are certain to be more Liberal MPs» 
m foe next Parliament than SDP^. 
so Owen would have to be 

I sense that for the time being 
foe SDP and the Alliance ; have 1 
redied their peak and are slipping. 
By-election successes anf always* 
ephemeraL They are as inaccuratef 
a guide to, general election results" 
as the poll question “Which parry? 
would you vote for if there were a» 
general election tomorrow?". ^ 
there is no genera] election tohior'-r 
row, the average responderu cans 
not grasp the mood he would be in 
if there were, his .reply is ir»> 
flue need by irritation with-sopie" 
aspect ofthe government's policy^ 
he dislikes, or by a passing distaste? 
for foe-prime ministes^ -p. 

As theelection approaches there -a felling away. - from the 
Alliance with many., feeling that? 
free enterprise js safer in Mrs? 
Thatcher's hands thaq. foose of 
anyone else. Average earnings arfi 
rising by 8.4 per cent while*, 
inflation stands at 2.4. per .cent. 
And many unemployed, with' their 
black economy earnings, are not 1 * 
noticeably dissatisfied with the 
present arrangements.- ; 

If Owen and Steel were io do 1 
something dramatically- new- their^ 
standing could, improve. -For in-' 
stance, every opinion poll shows 
overwhdrmng support, for a - forttf 
of national, service- to instil disd^ 
plloe among foe .increasingly uqf 
roly young. That would be air 
election winner. Mrs- Thatcher isi 
afraid- to riskrit With so little to 
*>**>■ «o gain whv£ 
should Owen be fearful? On bitf 
present course he mqy- not do as 

• i o?» nexl e,enion as he didi 
tn i Vo3. • 



S e.\; 


Iron W 

lg up an 


9XH TeIeiAoncrGl-481410(> 

When the .British. Airways 737 ’■ 

■jJJ’ August -at 

Manciiesta; eventually taWn# 
the lives of 53 passengerTand 
two^vardesscjs it was at fim 
“WP* to; be a sunayabte 
iQcioent As .the coroner 
punted out yestettfcty, there 
vas no .craai impact, no 
violent movement and no 
damage to the aircraft's in- 
terior; well as to make the 
equation of passengers diffi- 
cult or impossible: Moreover, 
as he also pointed out, both- 
crew, and, rescuers behaved 
with conspicuous omn^ ■ 
What caused the appalHng 
loss. tf Bfe was- an unptedict- 
able and almost 'unbelievable 
succession of accidents, errors' 
and mishaps. As the plane was 
taximgto take off ’■* repaired 
combustion can ruptured in 
the engine arid burst through 
an' under wing, access panel 
allowing hundreds of gallons 
of file! to spray onto the hot 
engine: Thai caused air explo- 
sion and a fire that .spread; to 
the rest of toe aircraft . . 

The captain, hearing the 
sound but -thinking it was a 
burst tynvabarted the take-off 
— a decision he made in 0.7 of 
a second - and taxied off the 
runway, piis put the pkine in 
way of a.l^sbt crosswind which 
drove smoke and fire back mto 
the . plane's interior, blinding 
and choking the passengers. ' 
.The confusion inride 1 was 
worsened when itflamntabie 
seating material' caught .fire; 
giving off toxic fumes, and one 
exit, .door jammed. Despite 
that the crew,, including , two 
stewardesses who died in the - 
.attempt, helped 82 people to 
escape from the plane. Fire- 
men -arrived only a minute 
after the crash, but they found 

disaster in the air 

that three hydrants contained 
neither . water .nor' . fbarri. 
According to .. medical ev- 
idence, however, that didnot 
contribute to the. loss. of life 
since anyone still inside Ate 1 
wafe r- died or ' suffered irw: 
retrievable poisoning. ■ * 

It ft pl&jrhfhnii the catalogue ' 
of : events revealed in tfe 
cortmefscoun that unforesee- 
able mishaps rather than er- - 
tors' were "by far the' main 
causes of this tragedy. It was 
simply not knom beforehand, ' 
for. instance, that a tight cross- 
wind could cause such trouble 1 
in thfe-evenl of a pane's being ■ 
on fire. Now, however, k is 
known -and BrijishvAifway$ 
pilots have instructions to lake 
the. direction of . thewmif. 
however' light, into - account 

Three human errors -were ; 
revealed, however. Tbefirst 
was. that some hydrants at the 
airport were dry. The coroner 
yerierday, pointing but that 
this failure had fbrtuitiously 
not. caused any loss of life, 
declined to “fare* out” toe 
individual responsible- but 
allocated broad responsibility 
between, toe city, engineer's 
office, the airports, authority 
and . toe. contractors working 
there. Since fives might have 
been lost because of such as 
oversight; the three bodies 
must publicfyr demonstrate 
that, nothing simtiar .could 

Secondly, one exit door 
failed because the lanyard 
intended ; to release - ■ the 
passenger’s escape chtiteafter 
the door was fully open, 
actually released it too soon 
and jammed toe exit,. Tests 
have since shown thk the 
lanyard Works perfectly if the 

door .is opened slowly and 
carefully, rails if ;Ufe'.' door is 
opened the, plane 

wasqp frre, hasfewas fhe^rder 
of the day and door. jammed. 

The final-error was the most 
significant. Pratt andWbitoey, 
theenginc manufacturers^ had 
sent' ran Inters noofyiBg air- 
Imestbat three' minor faults 
commonly experienced with 
similar engines Could indicate 
more serious flaws within -the 
combustion cab. And, in feet, 
these minor faults had beien 
defected ;aitd : rectified in . 17 
incidents, over eighteen 
evemually: explodedl' 
cause - that port engine was 
fitted with the latent modified 
cag,. .British Airways officials 
believed that the ftnrioriri- 
cfdents did not indicate , the 
more serious ilaws which they 
believed ;were. a.riskonlyin 
engines with the unmodified 
can! These 17 faults, in' retro- 
spect, should have alerted 
British Airways to a possible 
risk: • 

ft. is a macabre thought that 
the progress of safety in air 
riansport bas often been ad- 
vanced by toe evidence cM- 
fected. following major air 
crashes. Twelve major recom- 
mendations- to improve , air- 
craft safety have already been 
made by the Civil Aviation 
Authority , in the -tight of the 
Manchester crash: The dan- 
gers of inflammable seating 
materia] have' also been 
pointed out 'to those respon- 
sible fbr manufacturing busses 
and cars which have a far 
greater chance -of being . in- 
volved Jn a fire. it is sad that 
these advances for toe rest of 
us should have come at so high 
a price.'; 


Most of Britain shares two 
preconceptions about the City 
of London. One isthat fmance 
pulls the strings of indusby 
rather than serving it There is 
certainly some truth in toat 
The other is that the stock- 
brokers and merchant bankers 
go about : their traditional 
bowler-hatted ways, enjoying 
short, working days, long 
lunchesand the protection of a 
cosy dub while, insisting that 
productive industry should 
change, cut jobs and over- 
heads, and work harder. 

That has changed to; a far 
greater degree than is, even 
now, generally imagined. The 
City revolution, though con- 
ceived in expansion -rather 
than decline and covered in 
money rather than Mood, is as 
comprehensive as anything 
experienced in the great indus- 
trial centres: 

Only three years ago, Inc 
Stock Exchange agreed -to 
abandon- fixed commissions 
on stock and share dealing in 
return for the dropping of an 
action in the Restrictive Prac- 
tices Court. At the time, many 
individual members thought 
their council leaders, notably 
the Stock Exchange chairman 
Sir Nicholas Goodison, had 
gone too far. Votes on sub- 
sequent reforms were strongly 

The logic and momentum at 
change has proved so strong, 
however, that earlier this 
week, the Stock Exchange 
Council effectively agreed to 
reconstitute the Exdranpe, 
shedding the right of individ- 
ual members to votingcontroL 
about to be 

distended. Five, weeks ^before 
the new . more competitive 
trading system starts in* the 
“big hang*, the Exchange is 
almost unrecognizable. 

Only one- of the leading 
firms has remained, indepen- 
dent.- Most are controlled ei- 
ther by 'British and foreign 
banks or by new financial 
houses, oftai built- around 
merchant banks. 

The departure of the; in- 
dividual as voting member (as 
already, in many cases, as 
partner ^ with, personal liability) . 
was occasioned by the equal 
merger of the Stock Exchange 
with the- International Securi- 
ties Regulatory Organization, 
an infant grouping set up by 
firms outside .the Exchange, to 
regulate .their activities under 
the. new Financial Services 
BUL The majority were over- 
seas - houses,; predominantly 
Americanand Japanese, which 
could hot have hoped 1 to enter 
the old club. j ■*’; 

That the Stock Exchange 
sbouktagree to such a merger, 
barely! conceivable; to most. of 
its members only ay ear ago, is 
a reflection: of the new prior- 
ities. Britain heeded to have a 
single unified market if it was 
to compete with, other .finan- 
cial centtes in the new elec- 
tron icera of twenty-four hour 
worldwide trading which has 
already engulfed currency and 
international bond markets 
and is- rapidly taking oyer the 
dealing in shares of toe world's 
leading companies. * 

The new Stock Exchange 
will be run by. the forms -that 
will constitute its. membership, 
many, ultimately, controlled 

The dub is 


from New York, Zurich or 
Tokyo; It is an imaginative 
anti, far-sighted concept But 
where does it leave- the in- 
dividual? Many stockbrokers, 
young and old, are much 
wealthier and have 
unimagmed corporate career 
Opportunities — but mostly as 

The responsibility of the 
individual to his dient and to 
his fellow dub members, sym- 
bolized by face to face trading 
and foe principle that my word 
is my. bond, were just as much 
a part of. the old system, as 
were the old division* .of 
function to minimize conflicts 
Of interest The much-delayed 
Financial Sendees Bflf will 
eventually put a : new sy* 
temaqc framework of super- 
vised sdf-regulation in their 
place. More important: . per- 
haps is whether individuals 
wifl stick to the . principle 
rather than merely the — 
sometimes indefinite — letter 
of the law as their loyalty 
switches to fiercely competing 

The,City has every ehanceof 
becoming again toe most 
successful financial centre in 
the world.. It will 
able to give investors and 
companies a much more ef- 
ficient.- service, just as the 
changes, in manufacturing in- 
dustry have transformed ef- 
ficiency. As in foe boardrooms 
of industry, however, the par- 
lours of finance will have to 
develop a new but just as 
strong senseoF personal moral- 
ity and responsibility if the 
chahgeis to be more than an 
mixed Messing. ■ 

A Spanish tax inspector, »l * 
reported, boarded a Mediterra- 
nean cruise ship l ®£°£ nI *?’*S 
check, on behalf of thefiscal 
authorities, whether 

made by the wum* 

in respect of food aaddnok 
consumed, wilted with tife 
reality. No doubt feeling that if 
he wore his normal 
suit he would lack conviction, 
te donned his bright«t holi- 
day garb and went aboard. 

Two things followed 
quickly. First, his fos®u« 
proved to be inadequate: he 

was unmasked immediatdy. 

Second, it turned out toe ship 

had a substantial complement 

of British holiday-makers 

Merrily <?t leaf 

it was merrily) they 

him to walk Ac iptofc j«n» 

over, when he 

and was swimming 

round, doubtless 

what to do next, some of the 

merrier girls on board ti ,v edm 

after him and mernlymnw^ 

mov^Uhe top ’ half of their 
bathing costumes- 
The inspector ihoughtitb^ 
not to attempt to compfe*^ 
t'oyage, swam to the 

STandmadehis way home 

irouseriess; a sadder and 'a 
wiser man, he rose toe morrow 
morn. ‘ ' 

. We ask - our- readers to 
believe that we think the 
behaviour o€ toe passenwrs 
was outrageous and Indefen- 
sible. A tax inspector has a 
necessary.and importantjob to 
do. and if he is an unpopular 
figure it is doubly unfeir, for it 
is not he who imposes the 
taxes be .is obliged to collect. 
The more , we - think about ft, 
foe more shocked we are. 
Only, and much to our 
embarrassment, we keep find- 
ing ourselves looking, out of 
foe window and starting to 

There is something in. toe 
picture of’ a irouseriess tax 
inspector swimming for dear 
life which brings out the worst, 
0 r the least the most 

irresponsible, in us. 

A man comes to check the 
accounts! and shortly after- 
waxdsisseen trying to thumb a 
lift from a passing dolphin*,; he 
goes to great pains , to find the 
brightest pair of Bermuda 
shorts toe-local boutiques. can 
supply, and is. obliged to go 
home without toenv and -in- 
deed ' without, any certainty, 
that his' superiors wul agree 

foal toe money be paid for 
them : was - incurred' wholfy, 
necestorily and exclusively in 
the ; pursuit of Ins official 
duties. (And if not, what about 
hisinsorance company? Most 
insurance companies ’ Would' 
call that an Act of God, and 
they wouldn't . confine them* 
selves to Our' modest'' logpe. 
either: guffews-would. be "the 1 
order of the day.) 

’ We have never actually 
thought that the sight of a fen 
man, even one wearing a top- 
hat, falling over on a banana- 
skin was funny. But we can 
accept toe metaphor, and we 
suppose that toe thought of a 
taxman suffering^ hideous 
wounds to his dignity ft the 
most extreme-form of it : 

. The taxman represents in- 
escapable necessity, he embod- 
ies scrupulous respectability, 
he symbolizes toe world of toe 
jot and tittle. And now be has 
been -pushed into the sea and 
debaggtft is nothing sacred? 

probably not. This episode 
can be regarded to a. further 
indication that' mere anarchy 
is loosed upon the wodd, or as 
a welcome break in the gloomy 
news: as we have. hinted, we 
tend to bold both , views 
-simultaneously. - meanwhile, 
* foe taxman cometofand goeth. 


Prison sentences for rugby violence 

From Mr Edward Grayson 
Sir. The Court of Appears 
confirmation of David Bebop's 

fee rugby field vioknoc^f^wt! 
September 18) toreqts attention jo 
two,, crucial but separate issues 
which. puy be easily. overlooked. 
One concerns toe wider issue of 
procedure on criminal appeals; toe 
other jsthe legal position of clubs 
and- committees on sporting vi- 
olence, . 

During the course of. counsel's, 
address to the Couitof Appeal on 
behalf of Bishop it became dear 
feat toe overworked judges in the 
Criminal .division had not. been 
assisted as they should have been 
by toe staff behind the scenes. 
Sporting violence, happily,, does 
not come before the . courts as 
often as it could if every playing 
field .assault were prosecuted. 
Nevertheless, two -landmark de- 
cisions. are available to anyone 
conerirned to trace them. • 

.In one,' the^ ftm-ever recorded 

fiew'oflfence, a South ^ales jury 
convicied -a player who broke ah 
opponent's leg. in a game. He 
received a 9-months - suspended 
sentence (R v BiUinghum. 1978): ■’ 

The other was toe Just-evcr 
ensfednj sentence imposed upon 
a player for an offence bn a rugby 
field. .At Croydon Crown Court 
toe player was sentenced to sfx 
months, iedueed.on appeal to two 
months (R p Gingeti. 1980). The 
injucies were more serious, but the 
principle of a custodial sentence . 
for field violence was established. 

Because the prosecution process 
in this country has never been 
concerned directly with sentenc- 
ing - of offenders, no Crown 
representation was. present in 
court to draw the judges' attention 
to these precedents during this 
week's hearing. 

The merits or otherwise of toft 
situation are a coroUary to the 
Government's recently rejected 
flotation of whether or not the 
Crown should bavc-'a right to 
appeal against lenient sentences 
and, thereby, whether it should be 
in attendance to assist the court 
ugori to appeal by. convicted 

The other issue concerns the 
extent to which fee selection 
committee and coaches who 
choose (albeit unwittingly) violent 
offenders against the laws of a 
game, should also be considered 
for indictments or chaises in the 
criminal courts... and liable fbr 
damages m the civil courts. 

Hitherto such a concept could 
have been dismissed as fanciful. 
HOwevcx, if clubs tod governing 
bodies prove unable to eradicate 
gratuitous -field violence and its 
shocking example to hero- 
worshipping youngsters, this 

jvuiwv oini Uli. IMfTOUUlI 

precedents and principles 

now be pinpointed as the key to 
avoiding further prosecutions of 

I am. Sir, yours faithfully, 

4 Paper Buildings. 

Temple, EC4L 
Septan her 18. 

Danfloff affair 

FrdmMsLedey Chamberlain 
Sir, The ITS compromised its 
stroogerpolitical position over fee 
Zakltoov-Danitoff affair to en- 
sure that an individual deeply 
strained by his detention without 
trial was 'transferred from a'Soviet 
prison, where he now accuses his 
keqseis of menial torture. • 
Ifthe derision to equate his case 
wife that of ihe spy Zakharov was 
taken- for pnrdy humanitarian 
reasons, . to ieftose him from 
unnecessary suffering, as US 
spofcesriien mariumn, then coo- 
traiy to your editorial (September 
15) h does matter, -because if 
reveals a redeeming sense of 
priority 'ind a pattera of behav- 
iour markedly superior -to the 

KGB's hostage-taking of an irritat- 
ing veteran Moscow journalist. 

In tiie eyes of the world this 
should not weaken toe US stance 
at any forthcoming summit bat 
rather Invite- sympathy -fbr such 
failures to achieve agreement with 
the Soviet side as. are bound to 

Not modi light is refracted from 
the murky espionage world, but 
ima ginati vely John Le Carre's 
novels- have reminded us to 
appreciate concern for an individ- 
ual whenever it occurs, if randy to 
expect it from either tide. For once 
the United States has done better 
than you say. 

Youft faith niffy. 


2 Daysbrook Road, SW2. 
September 15. 

BBC building plan 

From the President pf the Royal 
Institute of British Architects 
Sir, There is growing interest, 
curiosity and concern about toe 
BBCs plans for the White CSty. 
Stuart Upton wrote to you on felt 
subject (August 23). The BBC £sa 
nniquely4mpertant^xutfiral ii£ 
stiUition-and it should continue to 
set a good example to the nation 
and to toe world foils architec- 
tural patronage. • 

.1 appreciate that fee While City 
development must take place 
within 'stringent conditions of 
tone and cost; there, are abo 
specialised operational require- 
ments affecting toe total {flans 
with which toe first administrative 
phase must cooforin. However, 
these constraints need not inhibit 
the appointment of an outstand- 
ing architect with theaufeority to 
see^ through a distinguished and 

’ The Royal Institute has serious 
misgivings (which ' are wholly 
shared by toe Royal Fine Art 
-Commission) about the way the 
Corporation appear setting 
about things- It roust be hoped 
they will still find it possible to get 
it right • 

Yours faithfully. 

LA.L ROLLAND. President, 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 
tects. ' 

66-Portiand Place, Wl. 

Pollution processes 

from Professor P- C. G. Isaac 
Sir, I can underataitd the Minister 
of tbe Environmcnt witiiing to 
pubficizs toe Government’s de- 
cision to fit scrubbers to three 
power-stations in Britain. Mr 
.WaW^raw? -j^inatgi nge r .h^ -, 
ever, in.aying (report, Septetnper 
12) that these are the first scrub- 
bers to be. fitted to British power 

Battersea was requited by law to 
fit a torulfoer in toe late 1920s. 
the flue gases from Fulham power 
station were scrubbed by the 
Howdon-ICl process in the 1930s 
(bombed during the war and never 
replaced) and a haffehimney wet 
scrubber producing ammonium 
sulphate and elemental sulphur 
was fitted to a power-station in the 
Midlands is the 1950s 1 believe 
that toe Reinluft process, using a 
semi-coke for dry scrubbing, was 
tried out in the 1960$ on toe half- 
chimney scale. * 

It seems . to me that these 
processes having proved un- 
satisfactory for one reason or 
another, what we are now seeing is 
a reinvention of a — . possibly 
differently shaped — wfeeel; let us 
hope .that it is more successful this 

Voim faithfully. 


10 Woodcraft . Road, : 

Battle of Britain 

From Lord Dowding . 

Sir, f read with great interest and 
weiconfo of course, today's letters 
from Dr Brian Potter and Air 
Commodore Chisholm, and have 
some grounds fbr hope fea> a 
suitable permanent memorial will 
one day 500,1 be forthcoming. 

I write to protest mildly spinst 
the evident English belief that 
riecogniiMMi, 16 years after deaith, 
in some way compensates fee 
individual concerned for the in- 
gratitude shown to him during life. 

. I think that my father. Air Chief 
Marshal Lord Dowding (1882* 
1970). would like to have been 
promoted “Marshal ofthe Royal 
Air Force”, and this indeed would 
have carried concomitant finan- 
dal advantage. . 

But- in the event this consid- 
-erable public figure was retired on 
a pension not for exceeding £1,500 
pa, and this in toe days Receding 
indexation. His titer years were 
clouded by financial insuffiriency. 

I. cannot imagine the USA 

allowing one of their military 
greats to suffer such an indignity. 
Indeed this country, 140 years 
previously, had granted the family 
of Lord Nelson £5,000* pa in 
perpetuity. This only came to an 

endhHSfch^ - r -.: — 

■■ As a nation we cannot really 
expect people of the right calibre 
to come forward for public service 
if this is toe 'treatment they can 
expect. Things are better arranged 
now, I .know, hot .this parttcular 
piece of bmeaucrmic' meanness 

should not go unrecorded and 
unpublished. , 

Yours faithfully, ■ 


House of Lords. 

From Dr A. F. Roberts 
Sir, A very beautiful memorial 
already extstsin the RAF chapel in 
Westminster Abbey; The Battle of 
Britain stained glass window is a 
fitting tribute to “The Few*. 
Furthermore, Dowding and Tren- 
chard are eachlmried there- 
Yours faithfully, 


5 London Road. Anmdet, Sussex. 

On hostile terms 
with the police 

From Mr D. C. T. Frewer 
Sir. Your leader on the Si Paul's 
riot (September 13) criticised 
those who regard the arrival of 
police in their local community 
with hostility but failed to take 
into account the physical remote- 
ness of the police from most 
people. Th is is an unfortunate, nay 
dangerous, result of modem police 
management practices. 

Policemen are now increasingly 
.based in large, centralised stations; 
travel around in care or on 
powerful motor-cycles whilst 
wearing in the latter case forbid- 
ding-looking uniforms and equip- 
ment; and are often seen on foot 
only in large groups. The super- 
ficial analogy with toe armed 
forces becomes ever more obvious 
and their separateness from us as 
individuals ever more real. 

One answer to tills social alien- 
ation must be a return to locally- 
based policing by bobbies cm their 
beat or foot, in all localities, not 
just a few. Budget priorities should 
be changed to getting more man- 
power on the ground in all 
“manors”, rather than more 

A few years ago we lived in 
Tokyo where toe police have all 
sorts of sophisticated equipment 
and their not squads are menac- 
ingly efficient but where they pul 
great emphasis on toe u K.oban" — 
small polks boxes manned at all 
times by one or two policemen 
with a bicycle — which are located 
in every small ward. Those police- 
men have to know their "manor” 
and visit' every home in it at least 
once a year. As a result "ask a 
policeman” is still a natural 
attitude there. ■ . 

Yours faithfully. 


Windrush Lodge. 

Middleton Park, 

Middleton Stoney. 

Nr Bicester. Oxfordshire. 

Hungry for Christ 

From Mrs Nerissa Jones 
Sir, There is much more fun- 
damental agreement between the 
Bishops of Birmingham and Dur- 
ham than toe title “Why Durham 
is wrong" (article. September 13) 
would suggest They both agree 
that God is neither a triumphalist 
worker of ’Taser-Jike" miracles, 
nor an interventionist in toe 
natural world. ' 

In relation to famine, however. 
Bishop Montefiore unfortunately 
seems to give the impression that 
individual human suffering has a 
lesser importance in the larger 
scheme of human salvation on the 
cosmic leveL He writes: 

Famine is terrible indeed for those 
wife suffer or die from it. But is not 
etcfnal salvaiion in .toe end. more 
important? -Is- the- higher priority 
given to food a sign of ■ secularised 

The blunt answer to both ques- 
tions is "No" The higher priority 
given to food is on the contrary a 
sign of a Church becoming more 
aware of how an incamationaJ 
belief hallows the total human 
individual here mi earth. 

If the Bishop had been mud) 
with people starving to death, as I 
have too many times, it would 
have been inddiWy impressed on 
him that food is in feet the-firat 
prerequisite to an experience of 
eternal salvation. Only those with 
food can five to experience and 
respond to God's love and eternal 
salvation, which begins here and 
now, and is fbr Christians the 
supreme experience of ibe living. 
Yours fehhfiilly. 


IS High Street, 

Cuddesdon, Oxford. 

Training ordinands 

From the Reverend P. H. Vaughan 
Sir, Clifford Longley*s article 
(September 1) on the inadequacies 
of the Church of England's struc- 
tures for training, its ordinands 
(ailed to notice that at least a 
quarter of the Church's ordinands 
do noi train in residential colleges 
at all. 

The annual statistics published 
by -the -Advisory .Council for the 
Church's Ministry show that in 
October 1985, 740 men were in 
training for the priesthood in toe 
colleges, but a further 255-were in 
training on toe regional non- 
resident! al courses which now 
network England. 

Thai is to say. 25.62 per cent of 
priests then in training were not 
resident in colleges. If those in 
training for accredited lay min- 
istry (mostly deaconesses) are also 
taken into account the percentage 
of those training on courses rises 
to 31.4 per cent. 

Yours faithfully. 


East Midlands Ministry Training 

Department of Adult Education. ' 
University Park. Nottingham. 

Reform of Unesco 

From the Director of the United 
Nations Association of Great Brit - 
ain and Northern Iraand 
Sir. As an association which, is 
genuinely concerned 1 to - see 
Unesco become a more stream- 
lined, a more democratic and g 
less bureaucratic organisation, we 
would make the Following com- 
ments on Diana Geddes' report on 
Unesco reform (September 10). • 
I.- Ail member-states have been 
consufredaboulihe organization’s 
priorities via a questionnaire,' the 
results of which will be presented 
to the current meeting, of the 
executive board by toe Director- 
General. Nearly 28 per cent of 
Unesco programme ■activities are 
to be decentralized in • 1986 and 
programme execution is on carnet 
fori I98fr. "papefflow" within the' 
organisation has been reduced by 
22 percent in the last two years. 

and toe number of conferences 
held is to be cul - 
Z Jt is commonly recognized that 
the fees paid by Unesco to its 
auditors (vrfio have formerly been 
employees of the British Govern- 
ment) should benefit . a member 
nation. British authorities did not 
expert to continue to profit from 
Unesco • In tots way after 
: withdrawing from the 
organisation, despite toe efforts ui 
some quarters to manufacture 
synthetic indignation on toe sub” 
ject Your Correspondent foils to 
mention that Pakistan's Auditor- 
General. has now. offered. Jo take Unesco's Auditor. 

3. Your Correspondent is surely 
aware that delegates from Unesco. 
as from ' oilier UN ' bodies and 
international . organisations, tra- 
ditionally attend meetings of the 
OAU 'tott Of the non-aligned 
.movement.. It Js in our view 
scurrilous. to imply, as' she does,' 

that representatives of Unesco 
were sent especially to these 
meetings as personal ambassadors 
for Mr M'Bow. . • 

4. Your report foiled to represent 
the judgement of those countries 
most closely concerned with the 
progress of reform, all of whom 
are represented on the executive 
boank Japan, West Germany, 
Canada, France and Sweden. In- 
stead it gave priority to the 
viewpoint of an individual who is 
not an active participant in -the 
executive board meeting and 
whose dearie "to see the reform 
process succeed is open to ques- 

Yours faithfully, 

.United Nations Association of 
Great Britain and Northern- Ire- 

3 Whitehall Court. SWL 
September 16 

SEPTEMBER 20 1935 

77 * "worthy hope" expressed 

below, in the final sentence, we* 
frustrated by the Second World 
War, but 5Q years on, according to 
theAutomabile Association, much 
of the rood i * motorway. The 
distance from London to 
miles, and the usual route is 
through Germany and Austria, 
thence via Belgrade and Sofia. 

Motoring to 

A new line « being drawn across 
Europe, beginning in London and 
ending at the Gcflden Horn. For the 
first nine miles or so H ta well 
defined. There ft no mistaking the 
London- Dover road, or ita continu- 
ation from Calais to Cologne; or 
the fine German road that goes as 
straight as a lance from Cologne 
through Frankfurt and Nuremberg. 
Difficulties begin only when Vien- 
na is passed. The abort stretches of 
goad road on the outskirts of 
Central European and Balkan 
cities are mostly linked by mfles of | 
cart-tracks that have a way eit h e r 
Of disappearing under mud or 
ballooning splendidly with dust 

Rivers have to be forded at many 
places. Gradients are erratic; and 
boulders and deep nits give alarm- 
ing exercise to the springs of a car. 
But.' where now most indistinct, 
the line ft to be continued firmly. 
Nine Governments along the route 
are cooperating to make a wide and 

straight motoring road, unbroken 
from Calais to Constantinople- An 
international conference on the 
subject aided in Budapest yester- 
day. Last week the repres e ntatives 
of the various Governments, in- 
cluding toe British, met there to 
draw up an agreed policy. This 
week further details have been 
discussed by the Alliance 
Internationale de Tourisme. 
Roadbuilding or reconstruction 
has already begun in Yugoslavia, 
Bulgaria, and Rumania, where the 
Governments have voted huge 
sums of money for the project. 
Each country will naturally build 
and pay for the stretch of road 
within its frontier — as indeed it 
could have done before ever the 
scheme was raised. What it gains 
bar the international agreement is 
toe knowledge that the road will be 
continued at the other side of the 
frontier and that traffic will be 
encouraged by easier Customs 
arrangements, fay refoeHihg depots 
at regular intervals, by standard- 
ized signs over the whole two 
thousand miles length of the road, 
and by the service of interpreters 
and guides at each frontier. The 
Balkan countries that have been 
the most dilatory in road-making 
are now the quickest to see the 
advantages of a coherent .and 
cooperative scheme. 

It ft expected that toe fast link of j 
the toad will have been made, the 
Iasi dust-bath aboffahed, by I93& 
A motorist would then be able to 
leave London with one set off 
Customs papers and, travelling 
rady by main rood, reach Constan- 
tinople (or, branching at Budapest, 
reach Bucharest and the Black 
Sea) in five or six days. In every 
direction the motorist’s opportune 
ties for trade .and pleasure have 
increased beyond all reckoning 
during the fast few years. Great 
Britain is threaded by main roods, 
north to Inverness, west to Cardiff 
and to all places between. In 
France the routes Rationales have 
set a standard of design and 
construction that all nations have 
noted.- In Germany the 
Reichsoutobahn is evolving new 
methods of construction and com- 
bining efficiency with a severe and 
satisfying beauty. The Gross 
Glodmer road over the Austrian 
Alps has opened a fresh highway 
between Germany and Italy. At all 
points on the new motoring map of 
Europe there is testimony to fine 
feats of engineering. The opportu- 
nities for peaceful communication 
are endless, and it is the buMere’ 
most worthy hope that with the 
wider opportunities interna tion al 
good will may also be increased. 

In the belfry? 

From Dr Richard Seddon 
Sir. Perhaps Mr Poner (September 
ID) when' he seeks advice on how 
to install a stuffed owl into toe 
church for which he cans in order 
to scare away the bats, should be 
reminded that these creatures are 
very strongly protected by law 
against disturbance. 

Under the Wildlife and 
Countryside Act. 1981. it is illegal 
for anyone without a licence 
intentionally to kill, iqjure. han- 
dle. disturb, photograph or in any 
way to interfere with roosting bats. 

It is also an offence U> damage, 
destroy or obstruct access to any 
plaoe that bats use for shelter or 
protection, whether bats are ac- 
tually present or not to disturb a 
bai using such a place, or interfere 
in any way. without notifying the 
Nature Conservancy Council in 
good time for them to inspect the 
situation and either give or with- 
hold permission to act The pen- 
alties are severe. 

.These harmless liule creatures 
are not only under threat of 
extinction; they also devour on toe 
wing hundreds of tons of insect 
pests that bite and sling humans 
and animals and spread disease to 
livestock and plants. 

Yours faithfully. 


6 Artesey Close, SWI5. 

Looking askance 

From Mr R. AC Pittman 
Sir. The guard's announcing that 
“the approaching station is 
Durham" (letter. September 17) 
has echoes of Sam Goldwyn 
standing at the liner's rail and 
wishing bon voyage to those on the 
quayside seeing him off. 

Yours faithfully, 

ROBIN PITMAN. Headmaster 
St Ptter’s School. York. 

« I, 





UaiO last night, neaeofthe 
British television stations 
coaU claim superiority over 
the others -as- ss^Jetfor 
uintiy blue (Sms. Bat by a 
ste#* baH f lieeam, Chan- 
nel 4 has now- achieved the 
market leadership in t his 
The : ; COnipy ; W« 

i.'sntt*?; white' trir 

.. hp'tbe 

comwii the Wt« vbnitk 
wwrtNt * film, which “might 
eAmT-sAne ■rfewm’’; This 


screen «. „ 

*jaW"; amris. lfte seaie- 
oat of the Highinv 

Gw#-'/ • ••• 

Mfhrt the triangle , 

heoravrt, is that Chaind 4 trill 

MTaWe to show, films which 
c^bia ^^iolent and soMl 
sceacsjpf ajaore extreme sett 
titan hi** appeared hitherto. 
Mr-/ Jeremy Isaacs, the 
a.n6vi»faj> chief . execmtive. 
cofemeuts: “Viewers are ca- 
paMeVof making informed 

choices themselves shoot what 
thcy.TOtch. TIM* symbol will 
hdp (ten dwoat’* - 
brt behastufed to explain, 
if the principle of choice is the 
only tone to hnriy, «hr it b 
thafhe does not d toppor t the 
stamingof amy font on tele- 
virion. He may even be mildly 
aatooyed that the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority wffl 
not allow him to show really 
explicit Biories shookl they be, 
in the opinion of Channel 4, of 
an “acknowledged artistic 
merit 1 ”. 

In practice,' of coarse, lib- 
ertarian principles are net the 
only ones which onto to 
inform the choke of fans for' 
■tdevisios. However late sach 
films are shown, some cUdrcn 
wfll see them, more than wmdd 
be. the case if the films were 
only available 'on video and fa 

Last night's fftm.Themrvc, 
made in 1972 and starring 
Michel Piccoli, was abort a 
baman being who started to 
behave like s wild beast. Thai 
ha^stinatina theme, brt if 
nlm^Mkers wish to explore it 
in - a particularly —hashed 
way, their work should not jbe 

In the next few years, sack 
films may start to be broadcast 
from satellites whether oar 
domestic televtrioa companies 
Khe it or not, brt Mr Isaacs is 
not under a moral obligation to 
bitten the' process. Quite the 

Andrew Gimson 

Julian Barnes’s new novel has collected plaudits in plenty this week. He talks to Simon Banner 

Word painter’s brush with the future 



v* *■ : • •• 

■Julian Barnes: Avenge rtf trees*, rather good at people 
but beyond compare with parents—- 

• ”As a novdisf’. explains Julian 
Barnes. “I have to feel like a painter 
who thinks he can paint the whole 
world, or at least who makes that 8 
part of his normal ambition. At the 
end of the run. of course, it might turn 
out that one is better at trees than at 
)lei or better at people than at 
ings perhaps, but at.this stage it's 
dangerous to think 1 can't, do the 
whole world." 

So far, Julian Barnes has proved 
himself to be. if otily average at trees 
and building rather good at people, 
and beyond compare at parrots. 
Translations of his last novel, the 
intricate. - original, much-lauded 
Flaubert's Parrot (or simply The 
. Parrot, as he tends fondly to refer to 
■ it), line the shelves of his airy study in 
quiet testimony to international recog- 
nition of that pre-eminence, and a 
newly arrived Swedish version sits on 
his desk; “It’s 253 pages! The thickest 
one so far”, he muses. 

- Barnes himself then, must be happy 
that his new novel, Staring at the Sun. 

S Wished this week by Jonathan 
pe. is his longest yet, while the rest 
of us will be pleased to discover that it 
is his most ambitious to date as wed. 
In charting the long life of its central 
character: Jean Serjeant, the howl 
ranges from an opening in 1 920 to a fi- 
nal section set. rather surpriangfc in 
2020. But it is perhaps the memorable 

creation of- the initially appallingly 
■ naive but by 2020. wry and incisive 
Jean that must be Barnes’s major 

“Writing a bode from a woman's 
point of view”, says Barnes, “seemed 
to be a pan of the necessary education 
of being a novelist I felt that I had to 
buckle down and do iL In the end I've 
discovered that i don't find it harder 
doing women than men. I begin with 
the active aspect, of entering Into a 
character imaginatively, by looking at 
someone who resembles him or her, or 
thinking about what this character 
.must look like. Then I just let it flow ” 

The decision to ftrite not only about 
a woman, but about a woman who has 
her allotted three score, years and ten. 
and a few more as well, left Barnes 
with the dilemma of either; 
a Victorian childhood 
the present day, or of I 
later and ending up in 
took the second, far 

“It seemed inevitable because I'd 
also decided that it would be interest- 
ing to write something beginning in' 
the period' before the Second World 
War. because it’s the period just before 
I was bom, and therefore the period 
people talked about so much as 1 was 
growing up but which I hadn't ever 
experienced. So I had no choice but to 
end up in 2020.- Anyway. I think the 

ng in 
inning rather 
future.- He 
s obvious 

main point about the future is that it’s 
going rather like the present - if 
we don't blow ourselves up first, that 
is. Still. I half expect to see those words 
‘Orwellian vision' in a review.” 

Born in 1946, Barnes spent his 
childhood in Leicestershire and then 
London, before he had what he recalls 
as several “spectacularly inactive" 
years in Oxford reading French. “I 
wasted a lot of time. I certainly didn’t 
•think I'd be a writer. It’s a bit like be- 
ing an engine driver for a six-year-old 
— you'd like to be one. but you don't 
seriously believe you could be.” 
Instead, he became a lexicographer on 
the Oxford Dictionary (in tne “sports 
and dirty word department”) for 
another three years, before coming to 
London to read for the Bar; - 
He soon discovered that he was 
much " more interested in writing 
unsigned reviews ‘for five pounds a . 
time for The Times Literary Supple- 
ment than in the law, and made his 
■way; via a cdebraiedly waspish col- 
umn on The New Review, to posts on 
The New Statesman. The Sunday 
, Times, and lauerty as 77ze Observer’s 
television critic Barnes’s days on The 
New ' Statesman , When be met and 
made friends . with people who turned 
out to have beenat Oxford at roughly 
the same time (Craig Raine. Janies 
Fen lion, and Martin Amis, among 
others), undoubtedly gained him the 

reputation of belonging to a rising and 
precocious literary brat-pack. 

*Tm unable to deny that I'm 
friendly with other writers of my own 
am; but the kind of comment .1 
sometimes get of the T hear you're a ^ 
member of the London literary mafia 
variety, is absurd. Martin. I know, 
tikes to play up to it. though, and tells 
people we've had meetings to discuss 
who we’re going to kneecap next But : 
what influence do t have? I'm a retired 
television critic and, "for the time t 
being, a foil-time novelist." . * 

There are four novels now to hi& 1 
name, each coming out at regular two- - 
yearly intervals since Mctrokmd in * 
1980. It must seem. Barnes supposes, - 
“as if there is a production Mne - 

taking roughly twice as long as Anita . 
Brookner's. but it's really not a bit like 
that.” Production line or not. there is 
a! ready another Julian Barnes novel • 
under way, yet beyond acknowledging ; 
its existence the author is disinclined :■ 
to go. _ ' • 

Mention of the Booker Prize, for 
which Staring at the Sun is already 
talked about as a main contender, 
brings a hunted look to his face. “Ah. - 
yes”, he says, “the annual obsession. I . 
don't want to-think about it It's much 
more- . important whether one's ' 
satisfield with the book oneself and - 
whether it's still in print in ten years' ? 
time, and anything on lop is a bonus.”; 


Singular pride and passion 

Festival Hall 

Beethoven is the sole content 
of Klaus Tennstedt's first 
three programmes with the 
London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra this season, and in this 
opening concert the emotional 
gamut was concentrated 'stiD 
further to the E flat major 
grandeur of the “Eroica” sad 
the “Emperor?. It proved to 
be an inspired choice. 

In both symphony and con- 
certo the orchestra responded 
to their principal conductor's 
urgent direction with some 
fiercely exultant playing. 
There was a passion and a 
pride: here which augurs well 
for the rest of the season, if it 
can be maintained. 

Urgency was certainly the 
foremost quality . in. 
Tennstedt's interpretation of,, 
the Third Symphony’s first’ 
movement He set a cracking 
pace— an aggressive one-in-a- ‘ 
bar tempo which, in hs single- 

minded ferocity, sent the 
name Karajan fieeiingly 
across the mind — and only 
really relented to give the 
development's crunching dis- 
cords due ■ stridency. That 
seemed to re leas e pent-up 
tension; thereafter more 
flexibility was encouraged in 

In the funeral march the 
pattern ran iu reverse. The 
opening was a subdued whis- 
per. as ifin reaction to the first 
movement's epic struggles. 
Then, in the fugue. Tennsiedi 
suddenly unveiled a hew sonic 
world. The purists might lave 
winced' on seeing six- horns 
and four trumpets, and cer- 
tainly those brass entries had 
more than a hint of Bruckner 
about them, but the concept' 
was audacious and the execu- 
tion exhilarating. 

In fed this was a great night 
for the horns. Their crisp and 
vibrant trio crowned a spien- ; 
didjy robust Scherzo, and jn 
the finale those great rising 
fifth motifs stirred the. spirit . 

Tike some glorious reveille.' 
But the whole orchestra was 
buzzing by then. 

The violins regained their 
confidence after a' sticky, mo- 
- ment - near the slow 
movement's conclusion, and 
some clastic Teunstedt “dy- 
namic bulges” were applied 
with extravagance. 

Maurizio Poll ini. the pianist 
in the Fifth Concerto, was 
another in rampant, deter- 
mined mood. The fingerwork 
was as hard-edged and bril- 
liant as usual (though possibly 
over-pedalled at limes), and 
his flamboyant tempo fluctua- 
tions created their customary 
drama, not least by posing 
Ten nsted t some minor en- 
semble problems. 

But this interpretation did 
seem to -miss some Of the 
gentler nuances, especially in 
the Adagio where it was the 
woodwind soloists who sup- 
plied the most beguiling 

Richard. Morrison 


MMbwHnrid'B Modem classics 

The Place 

Matthew Hawkins, a refugee 
(Tike Michael Clark) from the 
Royal Ballet in search of new 
ways of dancing, found an 
interesting path to explore in a 
dance quartet he made a year 
or so ago to Couperin's 
Apbtheose de Lully. That piece 
seiVes as the^core of a. huger 
production A different set tg 
musdes. which be is. present- 
ing at The Place this week. 

The starting point remains 
an analogy between the ornate 
splendours of the baroque art 

and the equally ornate arti- 
ficial attitudes of the pqstr 
punk generation. Paralleling 
this, Hawkins presents a 
masque of Venus and Adonis 
with its high-flown speeches 
. and elaborate behaviour punc- 
tured by the arrival of Molly 
• Parkin as a coarse-mannered 
cupid straight out of Christ- 
mas panto. 

Having added John Blow’s 
music to Couperin's, Hawkins 
throws in for good measure a 
Paganini Can labile for violin 
and piano to accompany part 

of his own long solo which 
serves as prologue, and co- 
pious extracts from 
Glazunov's Raymonda to 
which his newly formed Im- 
minent Dancers Group cavort 
happily, dressed in gold or 
silver paint and not much else. 

The earlier piece, 
Apothalypse. -forms a final 
. divertissement . Its demanding 
choreography suffers a little 
- because the replacement danc- 
ers are less skilled than the 
original ones. Perhaps because 
of that, even Hawkins's own 

dancing at that point seems to 
have become less exact, al- 
though his stamina and light- 
ness remain impressive, 
almost as much as in his 
earlier 10-minute solo, a mar- 
vel of control in slow turns 
and balances. 

His pupils who make up the 
supporting group are full of 
life and enthusiasm in some 
neat burlesques of classical 
ballet Mark Erskme-Pullin’s 
costumes are pretty and Mary 
Lemley's backcloth amusingly 
suggests an epicene Hawkins 
gazing at the godess and ha- 
lo ver. 

John Percival 


Donald Cooper 

Figure froni'a'Goriiic nightmare Bichard O'Brien 

The News 

Paramount City 

S pecial Selection of NINE FLOWERING SHRUBS 

FORSYTHIA-Bums into bloom 
during March like a ray of sunshine. A 
good snudy shrub, grows to a bright of 
—This shrub, which is smothered in 
white star-shaped btonttm in early 
spring, produces edible fruit and 
fesdnates with its scarlet red foliage m 
autumn. A sfarnb of great appe al. Gro ws 
b ran ches are cowered with huge, snow- - 
while flower doseera which fill the air 
with a deliciou s, sweet scent. Grows up 
6*. POTENTILLA-A really prett y 
shrub cowered in . a blaze of buttercup 
yellow blooms between June and Sep- 
tember. Grows to 4-5' in height. 
Lowdy gro w in g erect shrub, semi 
e vetgr e en with smafl white flowers in the 
sum mer followed by a copious crop of 
bright red berries which t he birds will 
lore in Dece mb er. BUTTERFLY 
BUSH (BUDDUE1A) -Outstanding 
loqg-flowenng shrub; attracts butter- 
flies. Rac e mes of f ragra n t flowers, it is 
XM2* long, condnoes to appear from 
Joiy to September. Grows up to 6‘. 
SnitAEA VAN HOUTn-A compact 
Nish, thro w ing, out numerous arched 
branches, each branch being covered 
with a myriad of deflate white Moam. 
-Grows 4' tall, and has vivid scarlet 
blooms developing into, fruits fawn 
April ' onwards. DEUIZIA-Grows 
6' tall, producing white flowers in 
early summer. 

PRICE: £1245 per act. 

—mVdmytbrdthvrj ffym an mu vua fi td V* 

TtL Cmyfo*i 

This striking collection of flowering dinibs Is a notemort l y 
addition to any garden. Shrubs often grow to a large stoe and ran 
be cotmted on, if tended property, to produce lovely blooms. These 
have been selected for their quality, colour and potential size. 


Please send me sets of nine flowering shrubs® 02.95 per set 

I enclose cheqoe/PO for £... made payable to The Times Shrub Offii 

Or debit my Access/ 

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him ri' n i i i i i i i 


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Expiry Date ; ; ” 

Send Dm Hie Times Shrubs Offer, Bourne Road, Bexley, Kent DAS 1BL. 

Mr/Mrs/Miss — - — 

Address - - 


Gaunt-featured Richard 
O’Brien - is the star of Paul 
Pulse’s new musical. The 
News, which is performed as a 
piece of loud and smoky 
cabaret at Paramount City 
Theatre. Although he is on 
stage for much of the evening, 
O'Brien is its presiding evil 
genius as he plays a edanity- 
killing gunman who hits the 
neon wilderness of urban 
America in a riot of news pap er 
hype and excitement. - 
The city's editor, a heavy, 
swaggering fellow in designer 
clothes and a handsome 
moustache, uses the press at 
his disposal to get the city 
humming with rumour about 
this demon in tbeir midst, 
mly to find that the man is 
dating his daughter, through a 
tonefy beam advertisement m 
ha other’s paper. Inevitably, 
of. course, there is a climatic 
and fetal showdown. 

O'Brien was the begetter of 
The Rocky Horror Show back 
in 1973, where he invented a 
trend-setting blend of theatri- 
cal rode and cam 
pastiche. Since 
suffered afew reversals, and 
is- easy to be obtuse about the 
off- brat momentum of his 
work. He is too intelligent to 
belong in anyone's genre, and 
perhaps that is his trouble. He 
fits well into The News, which 
is partly a smart-talking satire 
on the brutalizing ethos of the 
entertainment business, and 
partly a catch -in- the- throat 
ballad opera about loneliness 
and broken dreams. 

Taken singly, both of these 



the Cotton 

been . learnt 

Bee Jaye, who plays his 
lovc4om daughter, has big, 
saucer eyes and a torch 
singer's sense of style and 
occasion. O'Brien keeps those 
Bram Stoker eyes of his hid- 
den behind evil looking 
shades, but his sinister energy 
drenches the. evening. 

Andrew Rissik 

are proud ra announce that 
M. Louis Outhier will be launching he exclusive 
autumn menu from earfy October 
To make your reservation, please rmg Sergio 
Rebecchi. Restaurant Manage: on 0MQ9 1290. 

‘ '^" s Hlbe preceded by a fortnsflt of ' 

“Menu Degusown" with M. Outhier- a superb selection 
of dishes accompanied solely by dwnpagries. 

\foted “The Times" restaurant of the year 


The afternoon’s 

Irused to be Afternoon The- ■ speakers' ■ private thoughts, 
atre; these days it's The After- -then back again. 

-noon Play, a change that Denise Robertson. (yes,. she 
.brings it in to line somewhat - who led for the. . Common ; 
belatedly with radio drama s . Woman on -a recent Any 
right and proper insistence Questions?}, sounded as if she 
tikft it is not offering the had written The Ptackmg Post 
equivalent of stage playsbut is (Wednesday) in two minds 
an Important medium in its that scarcely knew each other. 

own right. Otherwise, dra- 
• matic' business in -the after- 
noons, is; much as usual. 

This, remains, the biggest 
.tingle skrt for radio plays. 

The play concerned an am- 
bitious middle-class couple 
who hire an old gaidener and 
then begin to suspect that he 
has sexual . designs on their 

providing, three a week. While little daughter. Nothing could 
standards have improved irn- ' be' further from the truth ^ ^ and 

measurably since those distant 
days when The Listener had a 
■radio Drama Critic — 'twas I — 
The Afternoon Play can still 
touch those nadirs of writing; 
acting and production which 

it is the' wife's- obsessive 
pursuit of this fentasy ; that 
troly threatens the child.; 

An idea haunttrigly con- 
veyed — if somewhat toe 
insistently — by the metaphor 

used to send me into a weekly • of a kestrel hovering, ready to 
stupor. At the samp time it can destroy .young lire. But in 
also turn in some of the best between, as if from ^different 
things to be heard on radio. brain, lay tracts pf dialogue. 

It didn't of its sometimes so inept I fell again 
peaks in the week -past, but its 1 that; old-style Afternoon 
three productions included atre-stupor coming on. - 

^ ideas are dull and over- 
worked, but combining them, 
- as Pulse does here, strikes me 
■ as an invigorating and enjoy- 
able thing to da The News is 
held together by a mood, and 
the true link between the 
showcase musical numbers is 
thematic rather than nar- 
rative. One is entertained not 
by tire slight, nominal plot, but 
by the show?s off centre view 
of the world as a brash, 

■ insolent circus where people 
are carried along by a crazy 
surge of adrenalin. 

O'Brien does more than 

■ anyone to make the form 
workable, throwing a’ spectral 
shadow across tire story’s 
candyfloss 1 romance, ■ and 
conjuring up the stench of 
those ugly concrete jungles 
which., turn failures and dere- 
licts into junkies and killers. 
He is -a figure from some 
Gothic nightmare and it is his 
presence which bolds tire eve- 
ning together. 

Electric guitars how] and 
screech, a walloping percus- 
sion section rocks the floor,- 
and "the singers have strong, 
virile voices full of nicotine 
and liquor. Peter Shaker's 

the truthful and\exceeaingly 
well writtea, the . interesting 
blemished with patches of 
awftjlness and the superior 
middle-of-the-road. The best, 
the truthful, was Rib Davis's 
A Few Kind Words (Tuesday), 
and given a well deserved 
second hearing. 

Tommy (Emrys James), a 
newly retired and widowed 
Derbyshire miner, comes 
south to. visit his married 
daughter (Patricia GaHiraore). 
Daughter has been to univer- 
sity, has come up in the world; 
Dad is stuck fast in the 
attitudes and values of his 
community: she has all. the 
escapee’aresentmenl of them. 

GoHen Oldies (Thursday), " 
by Roderick Graham; por- - 
(rayed a Scottish couple 
celebrating their golden wed- 
ding. Family and friends as- - 
semble. Surely there will be a 
crisis? In the event, however, 
it was all exceedingly low-key. 
But the dialogue was right and 
the play possessed a : certain 
gentle charm. ■ 

No excuse to slip a bit, of 
music into talkative Radio 4 
should ever be missed and Aw 
Invitation to Dancing (Sat- 
urday) took the opportunity . 
with both hands. A 16th- 
century treatise on' French 
dance by Thoinot Arbeau had " 

VI UlWIIb _ L _ _ ^ " J . V _ . 

The rift between them widens Pff 1 n tumc ^ ty J”* 1 !!}' 
to a gulf and is not bridged 1 ?? eloqirent illustrated 

until his death, and then, oh so the master him- 

lentatively. * an inquiring pupil, for 

The writing here was ex- w h'ch purpose he was abte to 
cdlent, hard and well-shaped, cbM P** u,e - of various 

and the author had made fine 
use of that inimitable radio 
device that allows you to pop 
out of dialogue and into the 

musicians he just happened to / 
have in the house. 

David Wade 

ICA 1 A 1 A 1 A - 

hill IAN >FX 

shutally physical - 







TUES 23 - THORS 2S SEPT ONLY! ICA 920 36-17 



CLUO . . 





CHwcted by Ronald Eyre 

OWhitehall Hieatre ?****'**' 


I •’ r 



^ if September 20-26, 1986 


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A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Next week, television’s wedding of the year will take 
place. As millions of fans get their hankies ready for 

O’ k 

rr% V'r u -- -<>, 


the moment whe n Michelle will say ‘I do’ to Lofty 
Bryan Appleyard goes 
on to the secretive set 
of EastEnders, where 
even Dirty Den hgg 
to abide by the rules . 

•' •» 


There fe nothin* tike a wedding for attracting 
andienccs, as Mrs Dale’s Wary ihamrcd 

iGracediesin Tie Archers, 1955. 
Conudtha Htreet,19€fcn bridgr Jails oi Em Sharpies. . 
Dtdba, t98fc JJL E*^ fc shot by former mistress Krisfoi. 
gwWw, lSBfe'Tkinddiai ^uUinr Mipimid?* 


back in die early 1950s. Bat tragedies have a 
similar appeal and one of the most famous 
nights ta radio was September 22, 1955 when 
Grace Archer, wife of Philip and danhteHn- 
law of Ok patriarch, Dan, dashed into , a 
Uaring stable to reseat ahone and was Inmud 
to death. More than 16 million people listened 
in honor as the tragedy wdol dad. the event 
completely npstagiag the opening oa the same 
night «f Independent Teferisfon. Only the 
creator of The Archers, Godfrey Basdey, tried 
to pretend that the daring of Gate's demise 
was cotaddentaL 

• Television was not slow to catching so. 
Coroaatioa Stmt, which started m December 
I960; staged its fiat bh andience coap to. 
September 1962 when the twe^Boath-old baby 
son of Harry and Corepta Hewitt was 
kidnapped Cram Us pram. The episode was 
seenfe M6S.M0 homo, probably the r 

television andknee ia Britain np to that 
The namber of people watching was not 
recorded, hat assmatog three per household 
the viewership was more than 26 mfflkm. 

coopfe .of, teenage 
gjrlSvSkndi unhap- 
pily outside the 
trout pile* of llto' 
— . -BBCVEbtree ‘Gen- 
tre. The school hoBdayi'are 
over so most of them ha*e : 
given, njHbia waiting game — 
even the one who travelled Aip 
daily from. Hastings through-, 
ckft the summer: But there ape 
always a few, hoping far a 
gHmp« of Sharon or Dcbbto,. 
Pfete or Ali, or even of Dirty : 
Den himself the role motel 
for every lanky, smooth- 
tongued creep in the land. . 

'For Ebtree is where they, 
make EastEnders- This BBC1 
soap opera pulls in audiences' 
of! f$ to 20 miUion weekly,, 
peaking - in the episode jutt 
before Dirty Den’s wife Angie 
tried to Ttop" herself - at 
2435 million- Nett week it 

^Cfty again n the wedding 

of Lofty and single parent 
Michelle approaches. Forget 
that little number at the Abbey 

in July; thisTS the bjgxme^ 
The shaft has transformed : 
both' the jhndory of - British 
soapt and the recent history of 
the. BBC lis format tsjnfimat- 
rajly ^mpte.^ an'Tokttiuh- 
kmed'East Grid iquatfLin the 
fictional LonSon borough of 
Watford,', is the geographkil 
anchor forauumber of tales of 
contemporary urban working- 
dass a pub — the 
Queen' Victoria ’■* ajaunter- 
ctie, a . street market, and a- 
canal whidi seems to exert a 
bote characters and and i ence. 

' .' Hlis deeply embedded in a 
culture; that of the cockney 
proletariat with Its wide boys, 
stoical mothers and hermetic 
yc*" threatening cosiness. In 
faction paperit looks almost 
like a soatb-of Watford ver- 
ston of Coronation Street. But 
the real EastEnders revolution 
is stylistic. Wherp mice JEhk 
Tanner, Len Fairctough and 
Ena -Sharpies- had seemed 

If you were deaf 
you would understand. 

rnh> , 


Toe RNID has been caring for the neetbof the deaf and 
hard of bearing for more than 75years- During thnJ time 

we have constantly been extending our services to 

• Residential facilities for the rehibtliraticmaTid care of 
deaf including deal/bfind children and adults. 

•Counselling sendees on ccmunuiricatioo, education 

and dnptoyment. . , 

• Scientific, technical and medical research on deafness 

and tinnitus (noises in the ears). • 

• Regional devetopmem services to assist the deaf to 

find suitable emptoywent. 

• A telephone exchange for the deaf. 

However in order » carry out this work wc desperately 
finance « PP ««a»<' a® «.be 

riven in the following ways: 

yoor aS ji^ large dematioo then by 

i Deposited ■ 

, SrMKmberingw*ny oo r w ®' US~ te *“ K,mfor 

K^hirfof CU& income. 

4-n^ 1986 Bud i^TT^ P' a. before 

•„ g P^roll ^r^^Uofftax 
5 Companies the need for 

deductible l ° f rSant. If you own or 

entering Deedof ^ ^ franyon. 

manage a cofflpwy w . 

The Royal Natioo fJ I ^L^^ wc^ 

tofiused with an immediate, 
almost . dtafeerbus /'realism; 
tbcy evcnttwHy .became, a. 
Quarter of atentiny-down the 
Ime, .odifly: .formalized and 
theatrical. Thetime had come 
for a: new defiiution of the 
conventions of soap realism — 
and coractb the hour, comcth 

foe soap 

. And that hour tokened to 
coindde '.with another - the 
hmir wbeh ®BL1 and Its new. 
chieC Michael Grade, needed 
a- bi-weekly early evening 
book to djog it. out of the 
ratings hole into which it had 
Midi as a resuh of .some nifty 
schcduIiM by ITV. The news . 
that the BBC was to make a 
cockney soap 'was, however, 
greeted with some derision. 
An arch chronide of the. lives 
of pearly kings and queens whs., 

But EastEnders shocked 
everrifody. Far from being fall 
of -c ha racters’*, it seemed 
peopled by evil-minded lay- 
abouts. forever . bickering and 
forever' broke. Its audiences 
stayed -higher than expected 
and then, with a switch in its 
time slot from 7 pm to 730, h 
shot ahead of Coronation 
Street Soaps have come and 
gone, of course, but this oik 
seemed hereto slay- after aU 
these years, the Street had 
been , superseded- EastEnders 
had a culture as coherent and 
fertile to draw upon — but the 
life it reflected suddenly 
seemed more, well real. 

the odd fan has got this for. 
Usually they remove the street 
signs - “London Borough of 
WalfonL Albert Square, E20" 
— but Keith Harris, the de- 
signer, now secures them with 
industrial glue and pop rivets. 
He has even welded on the top 
of the cast-iron pillar box, 
which was once dragged to the 
perimeter fence. 

Perversely, nobody seems 
to have vandalized the phone 
box. British Telecom, how- 

ever, has been doing its bit by 
iade tne 

ofty and Michelle's 
nuptials, for. exam- 
ple, have fired the 
nation as only Len 
Fairctough’s upper- 
cat to Barlow’s chin 

previously had. And the whole 
thing has been made doubly 
intriguing by the tantalizing 
air of uncertainty which sur- 
rounds it. Stories have been 
flying about for weeks hi foe 
tabfoids - where covering 
EastEnders can he a full-time 
job — that something win go 
wrong oft the big day. 

“We can confirm there is_ a 
wedding,** a publicist said 
coyly, “but we have no com- 
ment on the outcome.” 

Down at Bstree pfot ssorets 
are sacred. Not a drop must 
leak - a difficult undertaking 
view of the feet that 

trying to persuade the BBC to 
replace it with a modern black 
and yellow one— as a piece of 
subliminal propaganda 
against the old, red variety. 

Harris has been with the 
show since its inception and is 
responsible for tire look and Albert Square: Ba- 
acally, ' this means making 
everything as awful as passible 
— worse -than the least 
g^n trifled real East End 
square. The reason fortius is 
that everything looks slightly 
better on television: the small 
screen spruces tilings up So. 
whenever Harris is on the set, 
he hashes it about a bit. 

We come to a for comer of 
the square and Harris pauses, 
a touch reverentially. “This,” 
be says, “is where Julia stood 
when this was just an open 

space full of wet sand— it used 

to be the building site m AuJ 
Wiedersehn, Pet , you know - 
and she said, ‘Whatever you 
build I want to be able to sec 
that block of flats ovcrihercV* 
He gestures towards a' typical 
East End block, a real one, 
which springs mysteriously 
from the centre of 

Harris is speaking of Julia 
Smith, foe producer who - 
along with script editor Tony 
Holland - is responsible for 



episodes are shot six weeks m 

advance. A chute in tire 
studio. labelled “Confidential 
Waste Only" is used purely 
for shredded scrips. There 
have, in tire past been wiki 
Press guesses about motor* 
cyde crashes, babies flung into 
canals — and one or two buITs- 
eyes - but, overall tife se^ 
curity system works, as well as 
that o£ say, M16. 

So the nris on foe gate never 


in. iffoey did they would 
ind. after some searching. 

Albert Square. DO, in jl^ tiny 

corner of the hi 

huge Iol This is 
Hie sanetta sanctorum, the 
EastEnders StL ll is flanked by 
the perimeter fence, over 
which real houses , can be 
glimpsed, in confusing -con- 
tiwr '-ip tire carefufly-aged 
smicture of steel piaster .and. 
occasionally, real brick of the 


■ During tire past two years 

a year-round, 
soap is a 
formidable piece of 
logistics. EastEnders Is 
rehearsed and shot 

entirely at Bstree, editing and 
dubbing at Television 
Centra n Shephards Bush. 
There to one producer — 

Jufla Smith - and a team of 
writers who work in 
rotation. Tony Hotand. (he 
script editor, writes 
o cc asi o na lly, to keep his 
hand in, and a spedfie 
writer may, occasionally, he 
felt to be a specialist in 
one type of situation— 
otherwise ?t Is a strictrota. 
Hotend and Smith know the 
pfoC but writers are told - 

no more than they need to. 
Actors are tdd virtually 
nothing. “You don't Bve your 
life knowing whafs going 
to happen to you,” Holland 

Two episodes are usuafly 
shot each week; but currently 

they are conting up to a 

double-banking period, in 
which four episodes a 
week will be mete - IN® 
allows time off at 
Christmas. The schedule is 

Monday: Morning, 
rehearsal. Afternoon, 
producer's run-through, 

an?tod!S»l nSSSJough 
to get camera movements 
and scenery right 
Tuesday? AV-day . 
reheareate and hghting run- 

I of 


interior scenes. Wor 
day lasts from to am to 
10 pm. 

Friday: Exteriors 

recorded on Bstree tot and 
rehearsals begin for 

following week. 

Saturday: Rehearsals. 
Sunday: Dayoff- tor 
actors to team their fines. 


Grape expectation: 
Following the wine 
route in the heart 
of England- shop 
country — page 13 

Arts Diary 

ClW W Wl 
Eating Out 


Garde ning 

18 Onutad About 13 
15 Opera 18 

15 Radio • IT 
IS Renew 17 

17 Rock A Jazz 18 
IS. Stomfag .(4 
IS Trirrisioa 17 

18 .Times Cook is 
18 rTnrtll 12 
14 TYfibw 17 

CtowMOfiM iStaser has oouthraedto work the 
fomala at tegular intervals. The cettipie of 
tire viaduct in May 1967 had 18 millin people 
ooedge about tire late of a wdl-loved character, 
Ena Sharpies, while later tire same year tire 
wedding of EbJe Tanner to an American 
airforce sergeant was watched hy mom than 20 
million. Whim, early fa 1983, Deirdre Barlow 
finally dedded not to leave her daU husband. 

• But aU these hands were humped by tire . 
American import, Dallas. Whipped up hy 
Tory Wogau on bis early morning radio show, . 
Dallas-ten r swept the land in anticipation of .' 
the shooting of tire nasty oflman, JJR. Ewing. v 

The event took place at 8J» pm on 

Ken, for Mike Baldwin, 185 nfllion people 
shared her angntoh and tire “result was 
relayed to a football crowd watching Mandres- 

refamd to a football crowd watching Manches- 
ter United (day at Old Trafford. 

• Crossroads, which began in 1964,. had its 
biggest andience — more titan 16 motion-'— hi 
April 1975 when foe owner of foe Cr os s ro ads 
motel Meg Mortiawr married John Richard- 
son; The streets around the Birmingham 
dumb where foe episode was filmed were 
Jammed and extra police were drafted he the 
control foe crowds. When, in November 1981, 
tire motel went ep In flames — with Meg 
apparently inside it — 15.7 mflfiM 

waited anxiously on her fate and tire 
relied to 15.9 

had swelled to 15J9 mflUoa when she toned up 
alive and well on tire QE2. 

people gunfire, 
number thirty m 

1980, watched by 233 mBUfoa people. 

minutes later tire credits rolled to signal foe . 
end of foe series, with JJL’s fine un re s ol ved . 

and his wontd-be assassin tmrevealed. la one of 
the longest diff-hangen in broadcasting . 
history, foe answers were not gfwea until the 
newaeries began in November 1980, when the . 
culprit- was identified as JJL*i mh lr esa . - 
Kristin. The BBC daimed 273 rnfftion 
viewers, almost certainly the b iggest soap;, 
audience to date. 

• Not to outdone, the rival high-life saga, ;; 
Dynasty , screened Its own horror story on ; 
December 13 1985 when the wedding of Priac* ' 
Michael of Moldavia and Amanda Carrington ; 
was interrupted by t e rrorists and a b u r s t of 
5re. The andience, howerer, nu mb e red a 
ly modest 13 million. 

Peter Waymark 

the conceptum and execution 
of. the : series. They are a 
fearsome double act Their 
power is absolute — and 
wielded with a Stalinist 
conviction that he who is not 
for os is against us. 

■ There are a hundred an- 
ecdotes about the totality of 
their reign ~ the ferocious cost 
controls that lead to stars 
being refused taxis and foe 
near-complete veto on re- 
spectable holiday breaks. But 
such evidence is unnecessary 
after you have spent time at 
their Shepherd's Bush offices. 
Their confidence is awesome. 

“Well" Smith says, “the 
BBC insisted on doing some 
market research at the begin- 
ning of all this. But we told 
them we would only take any 
notice if it confirmed what we 
were going to do anyway. Arid 
if w tjhad taken any notice we 
would. have -had. to drop the 
most successfril character. The 
BBC people were against him 

“Dirty Den?" 1 venture 
eagerly, but she declines to go 
further. But She dearly means 
Den who. apart from being 
dirty, Gathering Mididie's 
baby and driving his wife 
Angie to foe edge «, in real 
life, Leslie Grantham, who 
served 11 years in prison for 
murdering a taxi driver in 
Germany. Mention this— and 
the gleeful surgical recitation 
of the incident by the tabloids 
- and foe Smith head de- 
secrate imo the Smith hands in 
despair. This has got. to be 
MutT- Grantham's past can 
have done EastEnders noth- 
ing but good, publicity-wise. 

But even Grantham is kept 
in check by Smith and Hol- 
land. who control their cast 
with an elaborate series of 
rules, the most unbreakable 

being that they must never 
make a public appearance in . 
character. Leslie Grantham or 
Anita Dobson cut ribbons and. 
meet the people, not Den or 

As far as the cast are 
concerned, much of this, 
power must rest on the success 
of the series. Most were un- 
knowns when they were cho- 
sen, all are now stars. This 
transformation created an odd 
wardrobe problem— but noth- 
ing that could not be cured by 
the application of the Smith- 

TV series if he were alive 
today. From the beginning 

they wanted “documentary 

W hen they 
started," Smith 
says, “they were 
pretty hand-up, 
so they turned 
up in just foe right dothes for 
the show. But then they 
started arriving in better 
dothes and we had to make 
them change. They often ar- 
gued, saying that their charac- 
ter- would, wear these things 
from Diddns & Jones, but I 
put my foot down." 

This state of affairs became 
even odder when the actors 
starting saying not only that 

which, above all 
meant staying true to their 
characters. The model of how 
to get this wrong is Channel 
4*s appalling Brookside. in 
which every character appears 
with an attached “issue". But 
Smifo and Holland avoid 
issues like foe plague - unless 
they spring naturally from the. 
elaborate card-indexed biog- 
raphies they have assembled. 

One of their most daring 
innovations is being re- 
hearsed. Some time in Octo- 
ber the masses are to be 

Michelle told Den he was the 
father of her child. 

So. on this rehearsal day 
only Anita Dobson and Leslie 
Grantham are at Etaree and 

they “don’t give interviews". - 
This can’t be bad for an actor 

— from nothing to “I want to 
be alone" in 18 months. Away 
from the cameras the Dirty 
Den aura has gone — - 
Grantham flits by wearing * 
grey C& A-style casual wear! 
' rather than the sJimy-rai suits r 
he. affects : in the series. He •; 
might as well be m Brookside. - 
• Elsewhere, an episode of foe ’ 
children's scries Grange Hid is - 

k*;M ,k* M, mmrlr 1 

treated to an entire episode in 
jpfe appear. 

being shot.—. .in the car park ■ 

which only two people appear. 
They are. naturally. Angie and 
Den. who move from down- 
stairs to upstairs at their 
Queen Victoria pub. This is 
extreme soap opera avant- 
gardism and re p resents a dar- 
mg leap forward from the 15- 
m i nine canal scene in which 

which serves as the school - 
playground. -A man in white * 
overalls is pasting up Meai t> - 
Loaf posters on the fake ; 
brickwork with instructions < 
from Harris to “dirty them up ; 
a bit". And. outside, a couple 
of mournful teenagers decide 
to call it a day. . * 

gETiiM mw uitto 

their character would wear tht 

dothes, but that “/ wou 
wear them". Their own confu- 
sion about fiction and reality 
match those of the viewers 
who have been sending in 
money to help -hofty and 
Michelle with' their wedding. 

Itr this dimate of muddled 
identities the Smith-Holland 
iron fist is probably essentiaL 
They have to keep the increas- 
ingly swollen-headed cast of 
25 to their relentless six-day 
production schedule — despite 
appearances on Top qf the 
Pops and the posse of papa- 
razzt at every nightclub. 

They also must be on guard 
against the hubris which has 
been afflicting the show ever 
since it hit the top of the 
ratings last October. For. at 
that point the tabloids de- 
serted Coronation Street and 
Michael Grade went into 
overdrive — dancing in the 
street with the cast and gen- 
erally flogging Albert Square 
for ail it was worth. 

But Holland and Smith, 
who created Ansels and then 

killed it when they thought H 
am, know 

had run out of steam. ... . 
they are m for a long haul The 
first three years of plot which 
they mapped out on a beach 
together - are still on course, 
and they should soon be 
roughing out the next three. 
They say they have no idea if 
it will have the legs of Corona- 
tion Street, now nearly 26 

years okL All Smith will say is: 
“When we say it’s finished. 1 

hope the BBC has the courage 
to end it six months later." 

Smith and Holland’s first 
version of EastEnders was 
called The Pub Game and 
centred on the life of foe 
prototype pub. the Queen 
Victoria. But their treatment 
was initially rejected by the 
BBC. which had just commis- 
sioned a series about life in a 
pub — the abysmal World's 

. Their style, they say, owes 
much to Dickens — who. they 
believe, would have written 

place in 
the Lake District 
you always 
promised yourself. 

For most people only .'a dream,, but. with 
J '' ” an afford a luxury 
for a single modest 

Tiroe-Ownershi p you can afford a luxury 
holiday home every year for.ufe - f 

payment now, from £1 ,500. 

On a private 35 acre estate, amid the rug 
beauty of the Central Lake District, each €130. 

I_ ' JLL.t 'U -f-! » X* ■ » .■ . '■ 

lodge^ is superbly built of timber and-Cumbnan stone. 
w * - i’ll find every creature comfort, including 

Inside you’ _ 

sauna, impulse shower and double whirlpool bathT 
Outdoor activities indude sailr * e L! - 
trekking, canoeing, and 

And inside the Pillar Club there's a tropical pod; 
squash courts, hydro spa, uimnasium and sofana. A 
gourmet restaurant, a terrace bar, a traditional pub. 
Phone or post the coupon for your fare 
brochure, without obligation. ' 

Phone: Langdak (09667)391.(24 boms). 

hhc Lanifdaic PnnncrsJiip. fireai new Amhkstdr. 

CumbruLAZ?9JD-Td0phti|^Lansig^<O9U7[J91.. . . ; CSSS | 


PV^se[x!nK>T^fn5e20p^'Ci'Wn , hTPC*wVe- 

fgNmc ‘ - 

•Mwi hntu- ■— J 

THE luvLtS SATURDAY StET cWU>ER iu ii/66 

Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 


Ib another of our 
■ occasional series, 

BEST^SfP* Michael Watkins 

OF BRITAIN discovers that the 

Dorchester immortalized in the great 

■ novels of Thomas Hardy’s sleepy 
Wessex can still evoke the same magic 

Floor Wffliam Barnes merits 
only four exempts in the 
Oxford' Dictionary of Quota- 
tions, while Hardy wallows 
luxuriously among 70. There's 
’the nib, I suppose— the reason 
why Hardy steals most of 
Dorchester’s limelight If it 
hadn't been for Linden Lea, I 
doubt very much if Barnes's 
Statue would occupy prime 
space outside the parish 
chyteh, leaving Hardy inhal- 
ing toxic traffic fumes at the 
far end of town. 

He is not amused, relegated 
to an obscure plinth above the 
Austins and Toyotas, feeing a 
No Entry sign for the rest of 
eternity. You can see that 
Hardy doesn't care for his 
alternative accommodation in 
Collhon Walk: he wears a 
brow-creased look, of 
tetchiness that makes you. 
wonder if there may be some- 
thing in local gossip that he 
wasa grumpy so-and-so. 

AH billowy-bosomed, 
bow-fronted as a 
pregnant marchioness 

Dorothy Cox is old enough 
to remember him. She has 
read all his books and seen the 
plays; yet die still recalls the 
author who lived in Max Gate 
as a touch irascible. Dor- 
chester used to be a lovely 
place, she said, but today the 
traffic — oh my word, you'd 
never cross the road! 

ComhQl is full of Tesco, 
Presto and Halfords; and soft 
accents straight from Tess of 
the d'Urbervilles. High West 
Street, on the other hand, 
seems reluctant to acknowl- 
edge the' century’s turn, the 
dock, having stopped in about 
1886. There are no lamp- 
posts; telegraph poles or wires, 
although there b a helpful 
sign, chiselled in stone, to the 

effect that Hyde ft* Corner 
is 120 miles away. 

• The council offices, scene of 
tiie Assize Court of 1834* 
witnessed the trial of George 
Loveless and his farm worker 
companions who united “to 
‘preserve ourselves, our wives 
and our children from utter 
degradation and starvation**. 
For their involvement in these' 
seditious trade union activ- 
ities, they were sentenced to 
seven years' transportation to 
Australia's .penal colonies. It 
was lucky that these Tol- 
puddle martyrs were not ar- 
raigned to appear at an earfrer 
Assize before Judge Jeffreys; 
or that they were not guilty of 
“injuring any part of this 
County Bridge”, for which the 
sentence was transportation 
for life. 

The judge of the Bloody 
Assizes lodged opposite what 
is now the County Museum, 
bousing a collection of 
■ Hardy js manuscripts and the 
remains of reptiles which 
lived in Dorset — then under a 
warm sea — 200 million years 
ago. The museum is a heap of 
Victor iaaa, the kind favoured 
by Betjeman. In feet, the poet 
knew tite area well and it was 
the subject for one of his most 
famous poems, "Dorset”. I 
loved the King's Arms Hotel, 
all bfllowy-hosomed, bow- 
fronted as a pregnant mar- 
chioness; and frmuch admired 
the Mayor of Casterbridge’s 
house, currently in credit as a 
branch of Barclays Bank. 

In his “Dorset”, Betjeman 
was so drawn to Meustock 
Churchyard, a mile or so from 
Dorchester (Mellstock, in feet, 
.being Hardy's fictional name 
for Stinsford), that it amazes 
me he didn't choose a plot 
there for himself. He would 
have found good company, 
alongside Cedi Day Lewis, 
Tranter Reuben and all the 
Hardy family, including 

Meditations on an English landscape: tranquil 

JlSSSSSZ left; nS>Srf«l 


- , * 

■ "' VT ..*••'** , 

Thomas — oral least bis heart; 
the less si gnificant remains 
bong at. Poets' Comer in 
Westminster Abbey. 

Stinsford is where Hardy’s 1 ' 
choir sang , treble and tenor, 
and thorough bass. There’s no 
choir there today but it's a 
pretty church, with a prettier 
river walk which the choris- 
ters took on their way to- 
evensong ... the trouble is 
that feet and fiction become so 
interwoven it’s hard to tell 
them apart. 

Was Tess dishonoured by 
Alec dTJrberville in Kings- 
bere or Bere Regis? Where did 
Sergeant Troy mesmerize 
Bathsheba with his sword- 
play; at. Weatherbury or 
Puddletown? Where was the 
Greenwood Tree: at Hardy’s 
birthplace at Bockhampton or 
in an entirely different loca- 
tion? There is a whole gallery 
of not-so-fictitious characters: 
Jude. Gabriel Oak, Angel 

. Care. — all drawn from life, 
their descendants living in 
Wessex today. . 

Did I say Wessex? Then it is 
time to trade one enigma with 
another, swapping scenery 
too; for Hardy’s landscape is 
plarid.all fleecy sheep, woolly 
do uds . and . octogenarians 
driving 1956 Morris Minors 
with terrible care aU the way to 
Gamefot. Bovingdon is made 
of sterner stuff: a fern-covered 
papier mach£ countryside, 
crisscrossed with caterpillar 
tracks, pocfcroariced by higlt- 
trejectory shells. Areal Hasted , 
heath. Tank battles take place 
here and there are scarlet 
Ministry of Defence notices 
telling yon not to photograph 
them; a bit old h at surely, 
when Russian satellites are at 
it all day long? . 

fr was bere, after his 
management of the Arab Re- 
volt, that Colonel Lawrence— 
now, in the name of 

T. E Shaw, an enlisted man 
in the Royal TankrCorps — 
rented a cottage where be 
worked on the proofs of Seren 
Pillars of Wisdom. During 
another incarnation, as 
Aircraftsman 338171 Shaw, 
the cottage was fitted for 
eventual retirement 
It was at this time that Shaw 
sent Nod Coward a copy of . 
The Mint, in reply to which 

Sheep everywhere, 
stuffed to the ears 
_ in rich green grass 

Coward began his Ietteri- 
“Dear 3381717. . may I cafi 
you 338?” And it was from 
here, in May 1935, that the 
extraordinary/enigma, swerv- 
ing to avoid killing two errand 
boys, finally succeeded in 
killing himself. - 

The cottage. Clouds Hill, is 
one of the National Trust's 
smallest properties, its pattern 
of opening times SKarcahe 
that I arrived precisely. 24 
hours early. Humbly;. l ap-, 
proached the custodian: ?£wi>- 
o’clock tomorrow”, she said-; 
Begging that I’d corne a fobs 
way cut no ice; “Two o’clock 
tomorrow.'” • •: V- i 

It looked a small cottage, 
the colour .of desert said, 
blinded by shatters against the 
evil ■ eye and' enclosed by: a 
thick hedges If gave nothing 
away. Houses are not usually 
inanimate; living tbrougb'ihe 
memories they contain, but 
Clouds .{fill fdt like a con- 
trivance^ hollow. It was right, 
in a way, that l didn't see 
inside, any more than I'd want 
to see inside the sham of 
Lawrence hnnseff — if such' 
were the truth. :• 

Instead, I took the 
Wareham road. I was looking 

hard at polishing his aura of 

More sheep everywhere, 
riil. stuffed to the ears in nengreen 
grass; and cream teas ad- 
vertised from every ihafehea 
cottage under a canopy... of 
■summer heat. I followed a sign 
to Lul worth Cove because. I 
had my badiing things on the 
bade seat The chalk dins 
suddenly- ended and two arms 
of Portland and Purbeck stone 
en ended a lagoon-like bay. 
There were thousands ofpeo- 
- pfe and muffled crumps from 
•the nearby artillery firing 
range, The shingle was bell on 
the feerand Von bad to wade 
-..almost lo Gbcrbourr to get 
fr^e of weed, but the water was 
tiugling-cooL and tasted ofse* 
instead- of. the garbage whic^ 
yon - swaflow v en me C6tc 

' As I 'floaieth f^ewdered on 
aU- what was , frequently being 
ras descri bed ,as T 'fbe “special 
fin Mediterranean quality Of the 
igy fight” ip these puts. There* 

by nothing Mediterranean about 

' the -Ip if* Dorset light, 
St might enough toriwfrby,. dear 

3 , ■ enough to see as far as the 
• Dolomites and good enough 


.for ; St ;MartmVifr4h^WaB^ .what was - frequently « 
for, atthough Lawrence was describ ed ,«s’fbe “Spe 
buried ip an unmarked coffin Meffiterraneanqua&ty’of 
at Mpceton Church; h&effigy light” in these parts; The 
' lies in y/hdumi, scuipteaby . nothing MditiEtilntu afc 
his friend Eric Kenumgfbm ’’ ■•= the light: if* Borett lij 
.It was & real .find. , St bright enough torevfby,ci 
Martin's is' tilth century, • enough to see as far as 
musty as ahabandoti^. ward- Dolomites and good coo 
robe, with a faded- mjedievaL ■ to be proud of . 
fresco aad —^beneath. ft Nor-, 
mari^archway — the pepos- 
lerous fiketiesS of Lawrence in 
AihlMlre&: laud on ». 

cr6oked,;<fegger, a carad sad- few rriites port^df 
dJeanderitebeadiaCnrsader at Makfen Newton _ 

& recoursfQne day^I thou^hL Newtofrin Tess of tfw 
in aboifcSOflyeirs’ time»som£ ^f-qrtrtVvgBS-at Mak fetv 
Amfiifcah tourist is going ** - ftewtonHouae W30&2C336 
come akrag'and think we afi 

' ' There was: ft. woman m St - 
Martin’s reading a book $ 

Jp* toklme that her okmer^lt^GeadtPnieraam 
Tather had served with Low- gywofeay Lodges, 
rence in Palestine. What was information from l749tape( 
his opmiofh.I asked? “WeS”, Stieet, Bildeston, Suffolk • 
she replied, “he worked quite • <0449 743297). 



^ rnmmmmm* 

and the 


Sunday isn’t Sunday without the 

r»Tii i ' 

iii 1 








Things have changed on 
Noirmoutier. Time was when 
this. tittle island, three-quar- 
ters of the way up the west 
coast of France, was a hive of 
nefarious activity, providing a 
haven for pirates and foreign 
armies who saw it — rightly — 
as an ideal place from which to 
launch their attacks on the 

At the end of the ,18th 
century, it witnessed some of 
the bloodiest incidents and 
most concentrated fighting of 
the French Revolution. To- 
day. as you Took out over the 
deserted salt marshes and hear 
the wind sighing softly in the 
pine trees, such things seem 
unimaginable. What you see is 
an island which is simply very 
flat, very thin, very quiet and 
very ordinary. 

Men with hats potter about 
on ' battered old bicycles, 
plump women gossip as they 
hang out their washing: little 
windmills dot the countryside: 
at the launderette the driers 
don't work and no one is 
around to give you the right 
change. In short, it is French 
but not particularly French: it 
is much like any other dozy 
rural re treat. Thau of course, 
is its appeal. 

Because of its size — just 
seven miles long — it does not 
take long to discover the 
principal landmarks and 
attractions. We staued with 
the most obvious — the 12th- 
century chateau which domi- 
nates Noirmoulier-cn-rne, the 
only town of any size on the 
island. Inside is a small, 
homely and uncluttered mu- 
seum: outside, if your nerves 
can stand it. you can totter 
round the ramparts, risking 
your life on a short stretch 


S f Discover tor your- S 

g /a /^Sh /vj self the mice 
1 oriental magic § 

a- ofche ancient | 

Jj temples. palaces and papxias.cbis- § 
teal dancing, and manv different 3 
H cultures and races -all the while i 
| enjoying, superlative service in the | 
1 finest hook-YouTI iW such eaooc I 
3 demaoons as Hong Kong. Bah, £ 

i| our faraway and Escorted Journeys g 
| brochures. Phone 01-629 0999 1 
and we’D send them to you, or | 
;| visit any Thomas Cook or Frames j| 
| Travel branch. - wrvwoi .■« a 

Marine matters: chatting 

where the path narrows, the 
wind howls and the safety rail 
seems on the verge of collapse. 

The easiest way to recover 
your poise is to stroll across 
the square and take a gentle 
ride on **Le Petit Train” as it 
trundles through Le Bo is de la 
Chaise. This north-eastern 
comer is the most scenically 
beautiful pan of the island and 
at the height of summer, so we 
were reliably informed, the 
whole place positively swarms 
with them. 

Most come pouring in over 
the bridge, opened in 1971. 
which connects the island to 
the mainland. The more 
adventurous wait for low tide 
and use the Gois causeway, a 
road running for nearly three 
miles across the sea. By the 
end of August however, when 
wc arrived, these seasonal 

invaders — like the pirates of 
old - had decamped, leaving 
the natives in peace. 

And what peace. Mile after 
mile of sandy beach — 25 in all 
— lies empty, save for the 
occasional family. The bath- 
ing is good, the walking even 
better; you can wander for 
hours along the water's edge, 
your face freshened by the 
wind and warmed by the sun. 

Marine pursuits, naturally 
enough, are the main pre- 
occupation of the islanders. As 
if to prove that their knowl- 


Brussels Bruges 

For i tin t w f ofa nBuuw 
power Jdwtafolh iDumaud by 
Andabecoa uh u unfa cur 
brochure oo mdivniiuJ mduitve 
bofad^vio then bcauo&d cum. 

Time Off LuL, 
Cheater doae. 
London SW1X7BQ. 

Noirmoutier claims to have 
the highest concentration of 
hotels on the Verdean 
coast — 17 in all. We stayed at 
the Hotel La Voliere in La 
Guerimere, on a Just France 
package organized by 
Westtxjry Travel, Westfield 
House. Westbury, Wiltshire 
(0373 826283). This year the 
hotel is not included In the 
Just France programme, 
except as one of the 
options in its touring holidays. 

Now's the moment for your late 
holiday of the year. And where better to 
spend a few days than in Bournemouth's 
sophisticated atmosphere? In a 
delightful setting, with superb 
restaurants, live shows, night dubs and 
casinos, Bournemouth has much to 
charm any late visitors and set them up 

for the Winter to come. A wide range of 
excellent accommodation awaits you. 

Ring 0202 291715 (24 hours) for full 
colour literature or write to Dept 199 . 
Bournemouth Tourism, Bournemouth 

So much more besides the sea 

Get au/aif thts i 



Wine in the land of the hops 

Many Kwr 

over a basket of oysters 

edge of the sea is a match for 
anyone, the townspeople of 
Noirmoutier have set up a 
delightful little aquarium. 

From the outside it looks 
unprepossessing, even shabby 
— a faded mural depicting 
Neptune rising from the 
waves painted on a grubby 
wail and a front door which 
looks permanently locked. In- 
side it is a revelation — 
beautifully laid out. imagi- 
natively lit and boasting a host 
of exotic creatures, including 
piranhas from Brazil and tiny 
crocodiles from the Nile. 

Elsewhere, eclipsed by 
grander things, it would prob- 
ably not rate a mention. In 
Noirmouiier it seemed preivy 
special. Small, as they say, is 

John Carey 

Bon * la <W„ ":< 

1 VXg£.':V^V^.“ 

( oOLJV«noo6ti^r- r :N= -f,.\ 
\ ; : '* 

Englishmen are known to 
become misty-eyed as 
they drive through the 
French villages of the 
Medoc and gaze .on the 
acres of vines bearing 
evocative names like La- 
fltte and Latour. They 
could, however, if they 
wished, make a wine pil- 
grimage In their own 

The varied landscape 
and soil conditions of the 
Surrey Downs, rolling 
down to the Kentish 
Weald and Sussex, is the 
bub of English wine grow- 
ing. Oast houses, a re- 
minder of the area's 
traditional crop of hops, 
sit comfortably with the 
sprawling farms and red 
brick period homes which 
tend to be surrounded by 
beautifully kept gardens 
and make delightful inter- 
ludes for a day oat. 

Before visiting any of the 
following vineyards it is 
advisable to telephone 
ahead to check days and times 
of tours and quote the 
number of people in your party. 
At peak times you may 
have to book your tour in 
advance. Some owners 
may provide simple food or 
offer picnic facilities, but do 
ask before you arrive. The 
vineyard tours are modestly 
priced (usually £2 for adufts) 
and include tastings. 

Berwick Glebe: J D B roster 
and D A Btrks, Frensham 
Cottage, Berwick, Polegate, 
Sussex (0323 870361). 
Immaculately kept two-acre 
vineyard handily sited for a 

g sod local pub, The 
ricketers. The parish church 
has murais painted by 
members of the Bloomsbury 
set and is near Charleston 
Farm, associated wtth Virginia 
Woolf. Wine on safe, but 
visits by arrangement only. 

Biddenden: R A Barnes, 

Little Whatman’s, Biddenden, 
Ashford. Kent (0580 
291 726). fts 1983 Oretega wine 
won the English Wine of the 
Year Award. This 18-acre 
vineyard, started in 1969 on 
a third of an acre, produces a 
range of varieties plus 
home-made cider. Open May- 
Oct Mon-Sat 1 1-5pm; Sun 
noon-5pm: Nov-April: Mon-Sat 
11-2pm. Food available by . 

Breaky Bottom P Hall. 

Breaky Bottom Vineyard, 
RodmeU.-Lewes. -Sussex . . 
(0273 476427). This four-acre 
vineyard is reached along a 
farm track, one mile off a side 
road. The winery is housed 
in a period brick and flint 
buildvig. The dry wines are 
reminiscent of French, rather 
than the more usual 
German, taste. Visits by 

Carr Taylor David and 
Linda Carr Taylor, Carr Taylor 
Vineyard, Westfield, 

Hastings. East Sussex (0424 
752501). The great buy at 
this 21-acre vineyard is the 
owners 1 quality sparkling 
wine made by methods 
champenoise , which is 
exported to France and found 
on international wine lists. 

Open April-Dee 1 0am -5pm; 
tours can be arranged. 

ChUsdown: Ian Paget i 

Chitedown Vineyard, Singleton, | 
Chichester, Sussex (0243 i 

:d§fiES%£r~..'> :• 

Zi-- T. 

Vine time: Peter Hall of Breaky Bottom, above, tending the next vintage, and below, the end product and bow to find it 



*JS m % 

Penshurst SW , 

ju Lamberfmrst 

yBp LomfvrhuTV T-f 

dgg 17 


isBrtdewUfi C7 
\ Bnhtmdcn ?»t 




Lamberhurst Priory 



. Produced and botBad by 

63398). Open April-Sept 10am- 
6pm. Set in 13 acres the 
winery is housed in the old 
station which served for 
nearby Goodwood. It is also 
near beautiful West Dean 
Gardens and an open air 
museum of preserved 

Cuckmere: Christopher and 
Lucy Ann. The English Wine 
■ Centre. Orusflla’s Comer. 
Alfriston, East Sussex (0323 
870532). A wine museum, a 
shop with a wide range of 
English wines, a restaurant 
and pub serving British 
regional food, and a family 
area. Mr Ann will also advise 
enthusiasts wishing ft) plan 
an English wine tour. Open 
year round, guided tours by 

Lamberhurst K McAIpine, 
Ridge Farm, Lamberhurst, 
Tunbridge Wells, Kent 
(0892 890844 for tours). Eght 
white and one rose are now 
produced from the 40-acre 
vineyard, many of them 
medal winners in the English 
Wine of the Year 
competition. Lamberhurst 
wines have been served at 
Buckingham Palace and the 
Lord Mayor of London's 
banquet You can take a \- 
guided tour or follow your 

own vineyard trail with the aid 
of a leaflet Open year 
round, but guided tours from 
May 1 -Oct 31. 

Pensfnirst D Westphal. 
Pensnurst Vineyards. Grove 
Road. Fenshurst Kent 
(0892 870255). Polythene 
tunnels where eating and 
wine grapes are grown, are 
thoughtfully provided 
against rainy days. There are 
picnic grounds which 
meander down to a lake and 
you can watch breeding 
wallabies, black swans and 
rare breed sheep at play. 

After viewing the stainless 
steel wine vats, get a 
tasting of three Penshurst 
white wines. Then, if 
visitors wish to put hand in 
pocket they can buy 
anything from a £3.50 bottle of 
wine to a tea towel. “K’s 
only by giving visitors the 
opportunity to see how we 
make it, and then giving them a 
taste, that we get round the 
problem of marketing English 
wine", says Mr Westphal. 

The new tasting room has 
seating for 55. Good toilet 
and access facilities for the 
disabled. Open year round 
from I0am-6pm. 

of English wine. 

Rock Lodge: N Cowdaroy, 
Rock Lodge Vineyard. 

Scaynes Hftl. Sussex (0444 
86224). This 3-ii acre vineyard 
was begun in 1965 and has 
its own small winery, a shop, 
and is handily placed to 
neighbouring vineyards, if you. 
want to foBow a wine route. 
Open May-Sept, Mon-Sat 9am- 

VitkoltBre present and past: 
left. Lacy Ann. of .Cuckmere 
defoliating, the vine, and right. 
,-_^a collection of old bottles 
in the ma se nm at Drssijta's 

Scayne's jgg I Temcrticnl 

tort lodge gg* Westfield J 

alB-t WB C\irr Turhir 

^5 Bmvtek G^ v£^Hasim« j.;: 


A case of . 
history ’ 

Viticulture — the cultivation , 
nil vines — was. brought to. 
. Britain by the. Romans who ' 
then . swamped the home , 
market with their own wines ' 
from- Italy. King Alfred rcc- . 
ognized Its importance by ,1 
handing out stiff penalties to 1 
anyone ' damaging- •_ a.\ 
neighbour's vineyard, but 
his efforts were undermined ' 
by the marriage lof King. 
Henry' II l» Eleanor - of 
Aquitaine, which effectively 
ended English, wine product 
lion with his acquisition of 
\ast areas of vine around , 
Bordeaux. The homo prod- 
uct was unable to compete ' 
with French imports and 
this remained ' largely un- ' 
changed until, in J 951. Ma- 
jor General Sir Guy' 
Salisbury-Joncs planted a 
vineyard’ in Hamblcdon. 

The problem of cheap 
imports is one which English 
vine-growers arc familiar 
with today: but Penshurst 
Vineyards is able to sell' 
65.000 bottles a year to 
private buyers, hotels and 
British institutions. 

It was David WcstptialV 
father Bob who in 1 972 first 
planted vines at Penshurst. 
“for fun". In the same year. 
Kenneth McAlptnc at 
nearby Lamberhurst was do-- ■ 
ing the same thing.. 
McAlpine's involvement has : 
increased from eight acres in 
1976. producing 70.000 bot-- 
ilcs. io 48 acres and 700.000 : 
boulcs todav. 

Tenterden: S Skelton. - 
Spots Farm. Small Hythe, 
Tenterden. Kent (05806 
3033). Home of award winning 
wines, there is also a herb 
garden with 150 varieties, 
offering plants for sale. 

Picnic facilities and food 
available by arrangement 
Open May 25-Sept 29. daily 
1 0am -6 pm. 

Further details of vineyards, 
festivals and the wine route 

Lamberhurst. Kent (0892 
690844). English Wine 
Information Service, 

Drusilla's Comer. Alfriston, 
Sussex, and offices of the 
English Tourist Board. 

You can also visit many of 
the neighbouring 78 members 
of The weald and 
Downland Vineyards 
Association, who usually 
offer tastings and picnic places 
in attractive rural 
surroundings. Some have 
specialized facilities for the 
disabled. You can follow, too, 
an English Wine Route and 
for £5 visit two vineyards, 
enjoy a ploughman s lunch 
washed down with tastings 

Suzanne Greaves 


iritfi (/(I 

Carta Sicifia is your passport to a'go as you ptease’ holiday getting around 
beautiful, historic, fascinating Sicily, ft adds a lot of pfusses to a tour of Italy's 
biggest island. 

First, let Citalia arrange your flights. Then Carta Sicilia takes over with an 
unbeatable holiday voucher package produced by the Sicilian Regional Tourist 
Board that provides. . . 

7 nights' haif-board accommodation in good hotels (staying 

free 1 st dass rail I I |\ 

travel in Sciiy PLUS 2 free V — S 

lunches or dinners (in addition to 

hotel half-board) PLUS a free wholeKlay ** i 

guided tour. 20% discounts in selected / 

shops and^^toants, free Europ Assistance insurance, ( 

The cost? Under 1200 per person for a couple (excluding fights). It s one 
of the great holiday bargains of an time! 

Write or phone now for lull details of Carta Sicilia and information about getfrig to 
Sicily- contact Citalia Reservations. Marco Polo House, 3-5 Lansdowne Row, 
Croydon CR9lLL-telephone 01-686 5633. Or contact your travel agent 

Citalia for the bestofitaly 

Probably the best of the 
handful of working paddle 
steamers still in existence, the 
Waverley makes its annual 
end of season visit to London 
before returning to 
Scotland for a winter rest and 
refurbishment A fine 
alternative to the more 
conventionally powered 
river cruises. Excursions to 
and from Tilbury, Southend 
and Whitstable. 

Tower Pier, Tower HHJ, 

London EC3. Tickets at venue 
or from Waverley 
Excursions (041 2218152). 
Today, tomorrow, Mon and 
Sep 24-28. Adult £9-£12, child 

! FISH FAIR: Almost every kind 
of fish to be had in the 
I British isles will be on display 
together with continuous 
cookery and filleting 
demonstrations, wine 
tastings, stalls, stands, media 
celebrities, pearly kings and 
queens, cniidren s 
entertainments, live music 

and refreshments - fish and 

BiHingsgate Market, 87 
West Incfca Dock Road. London 
El 4. Tomorrow 9.30am- 
5pm. Adult £2, child 50p. 

WEEKEND: Re-enactment of a 
typical skirmish by the 
Southern Skirmish 
Association, with the Band 
of the 55th Virginian Regiment 
as vanguard. Also an 
exhibition about the war, in the 
museum which houses 18 
period American rooms from 
17th-19th centuries and 
some fine galleries of 
American sliver and pewter. 
Gardens include an American 
arboretum, a replica of 
George Washington's garden 
and an Indian tepee. 

American Museum in 
Britain. CJaverton Manor. Bath, 
Avon (0225 60503). Today, 
tomorrow, 1_30-6pm. 

Admission to grounds and 
skirmish, 50p. House and 
grounds, adult £2.25. child 


Beauty- In Bromsgrove shire horses at the rally (right) 


Founded in 1898 and known as 
the “mother of carnivals''. 

The procession is tee 
culmination of two weeks of 
activities, comprises some 100 
floats and nine bands. 

Town and river banks 
illuminated throughout. 

Also a funfair. 

Pewsey, Wiltshire. Today, 

7 .30-9 .30 pm. Free. 

Traditional annual occasion rn 
which the vicar of St John’s 
Hyde Park, astride his horse, 
conducts a service of 
blessing. Some 100 horses 
and rtoers usually attend 
and the service is followed by a 
horse show with clear 
round jumping, handy ponies, 
fancy dress and gymkhana. 
Service, forecourt of St 
John’s Church. Hyde Park, 
London W2. Tomorrow, 
noon. Horse show, the 
Paddock. Kensington 
Gardens, London W2, 150- 
5pm. Bote events free. 

ENGINES: Some 50-80 are 
expected over the 
weekend, most with 
agricultural functions. Also 
trie blacksmith’s forge working 
at intervals, demonstrations 
of wood-turning, suck dressing 
and tomorrow, threshing. 

Shire horse and model railway 
rides plus all the Superb 

buildings — from tee 1 5th- 
century merchant's house 
to the 18th-century forge 
cottage — open as usual. 

Light refreshments and teas 
Avoncroft Museum of 
Buildings. Stoke Heath, 

Worcestershire (0527 31886). 
Today. 1 1am-5-30pm. Adult 
£1.75. child 80p, 

LAUNCH PAD: After two 
years of research and 
experimentation, the 
“hands on” gallery is now 
permanently open to tee 
public. A truly exciting and 
innovative place where - 
children — and adults — may 
learn more about scientific 
principles through a series of 
exhibits, each of which is 
an experiment or. 

demonstration teat can be 
individually operated. You can 


BRgftyDistance: 9 mflea 

This walk combines 
literary and railway his- 
tory with splendid scenery 
’and stone villages in a beauti- 
ful part of England. Parking 
just beyond Widdop Gate on 
ibe Hebden Bridge to Colne 
road, walk west along the 
road- At Blake Dean leave tbe 
road by the footpath at the 
bridge and follow the- va&ey 
north to meet the Pennine 
Way west of the Walshaw 
Dean Reservoirs. 

The rente then follows three 
miles of this great long-dis- 
tance footpath over the moors 
to Withms, The weather may 
weU create an authentic 
Bronte atmosphere for Witb- 
ins is claimed to be the model 
for feathering Heights. Here 
fork right, leaving the Pennine 
Way, and drop into the valley. 
Eventually yon w31 emerge at 
the Bronte Falls and Bronte 
Bridge, both places of pD- 
grimage. From here a path 
climbs to a (rack running east 
to the road and thence into 
Haworth. - 

| Ob the outskirts of Haworth 

use a computer television f 
set to produce a variety of self-j 
images, help fill an energy J 
store, build a bridge, a chair, j 
control a robot experiment j 
with mirrors, lights and much t 
more. . J 

Science Museum, ’ ;j I 

Exhibition Road, London SW7 < 
(01-589 3456). Mon-Sat -f 
1 Dam -6pm, Sun 2.30-6pm. 5 


Judy Froshaugj 

* ln ff £ U nhins ' Hm"i 
Height - 
Watshaw I 
Dean .. 


*» natetfiUt 


cross* field to the Parsonage, 
now the Bronte Museum. Next 
to ft is the crowded churchyard 
amL disappointingly, rebuilt 
church. The town is likely to] 
be heavily populated by tom-- 
ists but lunch presents no: 

From the hill descend to the! 
railway station which b on the 
preserved Keighley and Worth: 
Valley Railway. Visit the en- 
gine sheds and then walk' 
sooth, take a left arid "right 
torn on to_a footpath that 
follows the railway and a 
pretty stream all the way to 
Oxenhope. the railway ter- 
rahms. This has a museum and 
on the platform a. functioning 
buffet car. ^ 

Martin Andrew 




:: j*" »i- : v 



j— — 

| Cinderella 
| just for the 
j party night 

j Partygoers are looking for- 

* ward to a sparkling season 
« with evening fashion more 
h ^glamorous than ever. 

* t But if your social round 
^—includes several formal occa- 
r ^j^BS and your evening dresses 

* are greeted with cries of “It 
S looks as lovely as ever 
J darling” then yon might pre- 
t. fcr to ring the rhnny t by 
{ ^ tiring. 

A company that started in 
St Albans, Hertfordshire, two 
years ago and now has fran- 
chises ia seven more towns is 
Just For The Night. The 
fonnders Cheryl Matthews 
i and Lynette Tomfney spedal- 
t -jfee in “everything after six'", 
I from discos to grand bolls. 

! Well known designer names 
’.insdnde Frank Usher and John 
j Bates and 250 dresses are 
i available for the £35 hire 
i Charge, with an £80 returnable 
Vjdeposit. Sizes are from 8 to 18 
*r^hnd ages from 13 to 80. There 
jue also evening handbags and 
’Jewellery to complete the out- 
Uts. Telephone 0727 40759 Tor 
$*o appointment. 

— The fnnehoes, whose stock 
is controlled by the head office 
Mfo that standards and quality 
S®B sain constant, are in Bar- 
gaet, Berkbamstead, 
FvpnnstaMe, East Grinstead, 

| 'idflindhead ami Northampton 
■ dJnth Oxford opening on Octo- 
* (f ber 1 and Hftchin late tint 
■ month. 

! Other dress hire agencies 
‘ include One Night Stand in 
l Pimlico (01-730 8708) who 
; have sizes 10 to 20 at £40 to 
« £65 with a £100 deposit, and 
! Simpsons in Covent Garden 
7 201-836 2381) who offer sizes 
5 1 to 14 (or a tall 16) for £25 to 
* £50. 

‘ ^Swinging in the rain 


* Fair weather golfers may not 
. be keeping ip to scratch after 
j a summer of floods and hnrri-i | 
— -banes, bnt there are now 
indoor practice ranges where 
.they can keep diy while 
■ improving their swing and 
l which indnde videos of play- 
in action so that they can 
!'kee their mistakes. 

| ~ Among these is The Golfer 
. at 48 Chilteni Street, London 
:-;WI (01 487 3318), where. 
• 'individual lessons cost £11 for 
J ^jpdf an boor (or £55 for six), 
j ’k- Arrangements can also be 
: 'made with large companies to 
i give instruction on their own 
* premises. For details contact 
I -the pro, George Stoneman. 


By Beryl Downing 

The Chinese treasure takeaway 


vWrV...- \ s 

Madame Butterfly: late 19th century silk quilted robe with butterfly embroidery (once wont 
by a courtesan). Price £600 from Marilyn Garrow at Liberty. Antique fans from £60 ' 

Liberty’s store has been travel- 
ling to the Far East since 1875, 
so tt can fairly lay. claim to the 
title of “Lao Peng . You”. It 
means “old friends”. 

The store has chosen this 
title for the most comprehen- 
sive exhibition: it has ever 
staged of Chinese goods — 
antique and modern — which 
includes textiles; furniture, 
screens, lacquerware, 
bamboo work and two and a 
half tons of marble statues. 
And it's all for sale. 

The 18th and 19th-century 
textiles, collected by Mary] in 
Garrow, induder'Kossu robes 
at £3,000 which would only 
have been worn;, by royal 
princes, gauze robes at £600 
worn in the summer and often 
given-as birthday jjfts from 
the Emperor, and" some in- 
tricately pleated wrap-round 
skirts from £120 which would 
have been worn fot burials. 

Such rare pieces are bought 
by collectors to display as 

hanging s raiher Ttian |n w^ir — 

they would, in any case, tend 
to look like fancy dress — but 
there are jacket, and dress- 
length robes with less lavish 
embroidery which could be 
worn very successfully as eve- 
ning coats. Prioes are from 

on age and rarity? The moo 

Tiger tiger: children's slippers 
£9315 at Neal Street East 

include birds, flowers and 
figures. Butterflies indicate 
that the robe was once worn 
by a courtesan. 

The treasure trove that Ali- 
son Pyrah, Liberty’s Oriental 
department buyer, brings back 
each year from China always 
indudes a good selection of 
late 19th-century blue and 
white porcelain — this year 
there are 800 pots from £10 to 
several hundreds for the eager 
collectors who queue, to buy 

There are also some fine 
and rare • Imperial pieces 
shown m the Liberty ex- 
hibition by the' specialists S. 


Animal magic mythical clay hog made in Bering £50; carved bird figure iucqiKrttaymude in 
Shared £65; and painted amt .vanished cockerel u bamboo £25, all at Liberty 

old and wise, withlong beards whose work is only just begm- 

Marchant and Son, 120 Ken- 
sington Chur ch Street, Lon- 
don W8 (01-229 53r9). These 
include a magnificent bowl at 
£6.250. Of the Yonzheng pe- 
riod (1723-1735), it is deco- 
rated with three fish in 
underglazed red — the most 
difficult colour to produce as 
it often tunas brown. 

Marchants are also showing 
pieces from the first Handier 
cargo which sank in the 1640s 
in the South China Seas; 
before the highly publicized 
Nanking cargo which was 
auctioned earlier this year. •• 

Some of the most curious 
pieces on show are modem, 
although made to look ancient 
and traditional One of the 
carved plates in terracotta 
lacquer was snapped up im- 
mediately by the Victoria A 
Albert Museum for their mod- 
ern Chinese collection. . 

■ “The rather Aztec decora- 
tion could be totally modern, 
or it could be something very 
traditional", says Alison 
Pyrah. “No one knows very 
much about Chinese folk art 
as there is very little 

More modern folk . art 
comes in tire form of bamboo 
basketware. and in a collection 
of curious mythical animals 
made recently but which look 
as if they had been buried with 
the 2,000-year-old day amxy 
of the Emperor Qin Shihuang, 
discovered in 1984. Prices 
range from £35 to £75. .. 

For collectors who want to 
make a statement that no 
visitor can overlook there are 
4ft. 6in- marble figures of the 
eight immortals*, looking very 

and flowing robes. They also 
have eight mythical counter- 
parts with bird and animal 
feces, also made in Chinese 
marble — a very bard form of 
soapstone — and costing about 
£500 each. 

The exhibition opens on 
October 2 and continues until 
October 25. Thfere will be 
simultaneous exhibitions of a 
smaller selection of Chinese 
goods at main Liberty 
branches throughout the 

Drawings Dy .Ml FMd 

Sew neat: t9th century needle 
cute £39 at Neal Street East 

Two other focal points for 
Oriental specialities in Lon- 
don are Neal Street East in 
Co vent Garden and the Ori- 
ental Shop in Chelsea. 

For Neal Street East 5 Neal 
Street, London WC2 (01-240 
01 35), “Christina Smith, who 
has beeta visiting China since 
theiend of the cultural revolu- 
tion has been serving unusual 
waxes 'frtim minority tribes 

ning to be seen in the West. 

“Four or five years ago 
there was a policy to be nice to 
the minorities who were per- 
secuted during - the 
revolution" she says. “They 
are now being allowed to bring 
their goods to the Canton Fair 
and the result is that there are 
a lot more textiles, ceramics 
and jewellery available from 
Tibet, Mongolia and the Laos 

Interesting small pieces in- 
dude a modern green celadon- 
style water-drip duck which 
was used for painting — water 
is poured in through a hole in 
the beck and dripped slowly 
out from another hole by the 
beak, £3.68, and several late 
19th-century metal needle 
cases with intricately worked 
caps which pull up to reveal a 
slender tube to hold the 
needles. Prices around £35. 
The textiles include children's 
slippers embroidered with 
animal feces, £9.95, and there 
are more than 1,000 books on 
every subject from cooking to 

. At the Oriental Shop, 10 
Eccleston Street, London SWl 
(01-730 4370), Joss Graham 
has chaiming brooches made 
of kingfisher feathers at about 
£20 and an interesting collec- 
tion of Tibetan metalware, 
including copper Gan boxes 
which contained religious 
scrolls to protect the wearer 
against evil and which were 
.hung on a belt or round the 
■neck when travelling. In vari- 
ous shapes, some decorated, 
some simply, polished, from 
£32 to £45. 


By Francesca Greenoak 

Nigal Romans 

| Impressions from a 
nman for all seasons 

2 To visit Paul GeU's garden in 
{ Plymouth is to see the subjects 
t ©f his ravishing paintings in a 
J living landscaper, it is beauti- 
• till, carefully composed and 

L Secretive, glowing inside high 
cliff walls. 

. Gdl is a gentle, tall man, his 
hair greying at the temples. He 
r-4s immensely courteous, but 
f reserved. There is warmth in 
voice as he describes "a 
rial feeling for plants" and 
/ his garden gives him fresh 
i ^insight for his paintings. Yet 
• bgfter a long and severe illness, 
i *4?aul Gell is selling his bouse 
j r lnd bidding goodbye to tbe 
i garden which has served as his 
“* inspiration for the past 10 
\ years. . . 

A country garden inside the 

town, it is lucked into and 
around a massive limestone 
rock from the top of which 
you can look out over Plym- 
outh Sound to the ocean. 

The artist's fixst act of 
landscaping was to replace a 
stark bed of hybrid roses, 
making a pool surrounded by 
contrasting textures and col- 
ours: soft pale Alchemilla 
foliage and lavatera flowers 
against the tall dark evergreen 
spikes of New Zealand flax. 

His ideal is “a happy com- 
promise between man and 
nature, planning and 
accidents", and he continued 
to plant using the natural 
complexity of his two acres to 
create a series of small, en- 
closed gardens on different 

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levels. leading off from the 
main garden which skirts the 
eastern side of the house. 

From tbe lawn of the huge, 
garden, which stretches be- 
neath the red chestnut tree, 
there is a focus of interest in 
every direction. Draping tbe 
high cliff walk skeins of Vir- 
ginia creeper change from 
green to autumn crimson, and 
ivy-leaved toadflax and pretty 
campunata ( Campanula 
portenschlagiana ) flower 
abundantly from toeholds in 
the rock crevices. 

In its shelter is a sunny 
flowerbed, where all lily-like 
crinums (safe to plant out- 
door. only in milder parts of 
the country) are still in flower. 
A path runs through the herb 
garden, where the painter’s 
two Russian blue Siamese cats 
lounge elegantly among the 
silver white sage and arte- 
misia, taking you into a quiet 
dell made into a shady garden. 

Two shapely pink lacy-cap 
hydrangeas with their flowery 
coronets {Hydrangea macro- 
phylla Mariesii) were “planted 
to give a splash of blue, but 
I’ve deckled they're actually 
nicer as they are". This 
“happy accident" probably 
came about through a 
nurseryman's mistake rather 

His never uses a 
sketch pad, hut 
works from memory 

than the natural propensity of 
the species to come pink on an 
alkaline soil. It is possible to 
grow blue varieties in chalk or 
limey soil by adding 
Sequestrene or aluminium 
sulphate, and conveisely give 
annual limestone dressings to 
keep pink kinds from purpling 
in arid conditions but it seems 

An all-seasons gardener, 
Paul GeU's passions range 
from spring tulips “especially 
the white. Mount Tacoma — 
like single peonies” through to 
the wintry varieties of helle- 
bore. Most of his plants could 
be grown in any garden but 
palms, yucca, mimosa (Acacia 
dealbata) and a tall strawberry 
tree with ripe red fruits, 
provide an exotic touch which 
can be achieved in die south- 
west of the country. “The bay 
trees even self-seed here", 
commented GdL 
Pittosporum with then- 
glossy leaves make slender. 

lifetime and in Paul GelTs works in his garden. Fittingly 
opinion are “the main consul- the book of his paintings is 

called Flowers from a Painter's 

Paul GelTs work mav be 

era lion when looking for a 
new garden". He enlarged a 
window in his. house .to. pro- 
vide a better view of the huge 
old cherry, the rare cullivar 
Tai Haku. the Japanese ’great 
white cherry. 

He has planted a. willow 
leaved pear (nowadays much 
more rradily auaflabfe), which 
is . kept pruned '.so that the 
wavy silvered 'fofiage shows 
itself to best advantage: On a 
grassy slope, he has estab- 
lished a small orchard; and 
another part of the garden has 
elder and other native trees 
ranged found' a small 

In bis. paintings Phul Gdl 
conveys the;* vibrancy dnd 
colour of each kjdrvidual. 
flower, theexact quality ©peaf 

viewed at the New Grafton 
Gallery, 49 Church Road, 

. Barnes, London SW3, and at 
the DM Gallery, 31 Dover 
Street, London W from the end 
of the month. 


elegant trees and fuchsias 
grow into tall shrubs. Fuchsia 
megeUanica Gracilis, twin- 
kling with delicate flowers, is a 
jewel in -any garden, but in 
most countries, foliage should 
be cut back to its ba» at the 

beginning of November and 
the roots covered with 
bracken or peat to prevent 
frost damage. 

■ Ground can be landscaped, 
vistas planted, but mature 
trees are a gift from another 

• Clear up garden debris 
(inefading windfall Emit) to 

avoid overwintering pests 
and diseases and chan and 
store bamboo canes. 

• Watch for tbe prevalent 
grey mould {Botoytis) da . 
greenhouse grapes - 
easare that there Is a good:.’ 

• Lift matncrop.patatoefr 

. and store dry, in sacks. 

and petal, the ddd character of • Green tomatoes ripen " 
a wirily corkskrey^’^weet- weU If rapped iixfiVidiiallyln 
pea stem. Yet be never takes a newspaper, 
sketch-book info' the gajSfen,. apples and 

only rarely “jams, spine flow-. . pearslbrripetess. 
era into a jar ' in the stiSdk>"--> ^Protect the emerging 
His work isa distilforioiiofhxsvi^ 
impressions ad be walks an# _ 


Mqiw Bnfcran nfawmboalcTp^mln 
M colour. 22Bpega& TOO HuamtjiMa. . 
"«|rtr« 0 O wrtouti. Fo*» 

and how u pant Hm. uruiual Md 

Seagiyour Fftg copy, powwl NowtXor. 
Witti ibompoun & Mofow. Doqt 23 

I!®!*™ ta*, IPMfcft V2 Q0A. 

TW « hg 10 * 731 683757 . 


bS-sss sasr*-. 

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Pztaali ‘Elatior* 


— ?^ P tt ™” gn>or >i*WKHMbKr. 



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A stalk on the wild side 

The current rage for wild 
mushrooms is all very well 
twt u is dashed frustrating ft£ 
those who cannot lay their 
hands on anything more ex- 
otic than a well-bred button or 
a cultivated flap, a couple of 
other varieties, oyster and 
shxiake mushrooms, are 
grown for the market, but the 
more exotic wild mushrooms, 
rat, flavourous ceps, and apri- 
cot-scented chanterelles, are as 
hard to come by as fresh 

Happily, the. principles of 
choosing and cooking mush- 
rooms are much the same for 
all varieties. They should be 
fresh. Arm and used as quickly 
as possible. All arc well served 
by cooking in a shallow pan 
with good butter, olive oil or 
bacon fat, and all share an 
affinity with eggs and cream. 
Judicious amounts of garlic 
and lemon juioe seldom go 

Whether you got drenched 
in dew picking big open field 
mushrooms that must be 
eaten quickly before they self- 
destruct, or picked up a pack 
of perfectly cultivated open 
mushrooms from the super- 
market, stuffing them is ir- 
resistible. The filling can be as 
simple as a “snail” butter 
loaded with Andy chopped 
garlic and parsley, or some- 
thing more inventive. This 
kidney stuffing comes from 
Californian restaurateur Alice 
Waters in whose Chez Panisse 
Cookbook it embellishes 
boned shoulder or roast spring 

Roast mushrooms 

Serves four 

4 large open mushrooms 
2 tablespoons virgin dive oil 

For the stuffing 

1 70g (6oz) lambs’ kidneys 

2 tablespoons virgin dive oil 

For the: 

give Shona Crawford Poole some 

30g (1 oz) melted butter 

1 small onion, finely 

savoury ideas for stuffings and fillings 

Salt and freshly ground 
black pepper 

OjaMiuNBT 3 eggs, separated 

Salt and pepper 

45g (IVioz) day-old bread 
cut into Si inch cubes 

2 sprigs parsley 

2 sprigs thyme 

1 sprig marjoram 

2 doves garlic 

Wipe the mushrooms but do 
not peel them. Trim the stalks 
level with the caps. Brash 
them all over with the oil and 
arrange them in one layer in 
an oven-proof dish. 

To make the stuffing, trim 
the kidneys and rinse them 
well in cold water. Cut them 
into lem (3/8 inch) dice. Saute 
the kidneys in the oil over a 
medium heat for two or three 
minutes. Season with salt and 
pepper and mix with the diced 
bread. Stem and roughly chop 
the herbs and add them to the 
stuffing together with the 
finely chopped garlic, salt mid 


The pair with flair 

Beware stylish bids w N E s 

says Jeremy Flint 

Rose and Smolski had their 
moments in the International 
Trials, but their similarity of 
style proved a predictable 
handicap. The ideal bridge 
partnership should be com- 
posed of a pitcher and a 
catcher. Rose and Smolski. 
both enormously talented 
card players, lend to rely on 
flair in the bidding rather than 
a quest for pinpoint accuracy. 
So. now and again, there is a 
ride on a roller coaster. 

Later this month, Roman 
Smolski will represent Great 
Britain in the Pairs Olympiad 
in Miami, playing with Hen- 
ry Bethc. Bethe, an American 
by birth, has established the 
required residential status by 
living in England for the past 
two years. Smolski and Bethe 
have already achieved some 
exceptional results, and I 
have high hopes that their 
partnership will continue to 

Here they are in action in 
the Harold Foster Cup. the 
main event of the EBU 
summer meeting, which at- 
tracted an entry of over 500 

Love All 
Dealer South 

♦ * 

f . A0764 2 

0 K 10 9 

♦ Jt0 4 

♦ OJ 1076 2 
K? 9S3 
0 J 7 4 2 

♦ - 



_ f+ 

- No 17 NO 20 

NO 2CY1) No 2NT 

No 4*2) NO - 40 

NO 44(3) No 64(4) 

No No No . “ „ 

Opening lead 46 

(1) Forcing with Smolski and Bethe. 
aKxxjflh most Brush pen mmM net it 
as non-tarring. 

(2) A good M Bethe pereeNes (hat Ms 
hand contains *ome excaBant supporting 
features n the shape of the duo 
mtamwdlBtes. the OK. the A and the 

Should Bethe confi rm 
possession ot die f?A or show MB 
Singleton? ^ _ w 

(4) Conscious dot Ms hand has too 
many gaps tor a grand slam. 

If we take a peep at West's 
hand. Smolski's prospects 
look far from bright. 

Smolski won the lead with 
the ♦K. and cashed the 4A. 
discarding a diamond from 
dummy. He ruffed a spade in 
dummy, released the vA and 
ruffed a heart with the 
He cashed the OK and OA 
and ruffed a diamond with 
dummy’s +10, to leave this 
position with the lead in 

♦ - 

S' 07 6* 

♦ J 

♦ - 

■j _ 

■' _ 

• 07 6 53 


W E 

♦ O J 7 

0 J 

♦ - 

4 9 5 3 
•r k j io 
0 05 
4- 0 7 6 5 3 


W E 

♦ AKB 


♦ AK862 

* - 

A _ 

0 8 

4 AK98 

A heart ruffed with the +A 
obliged West to underrun. 
When Smolski played his last 
diamond. West could make 
his +Q. then or later, but he 
could not defeat the slam. 

Against this skilful line of 
play. West's five trumps were 
as innocuous as tin tacks 
under a steam roller. 

Rioja from 


Divide the stuffing between 
the prepared mushrooms and 
roast them m a preheated 
moderately hot oven 
(200°C/400 D F, gas mark 6) for 
10 to 15 minutes. The exact 
time will depend on the size of 
the mushrooms. 

Serve at once with crusty 
bread and a green salad, on 
toast or with a dish of rich 
dauphinoise potatoes baked 
with cream. 

Any of the wild mushrooms 
can be used to fill these 
fragrant savoury strudels. The 
addition of dried ceps enriches 
the flavour if the recipe is 
made with cultivated mush- 
rooms. Dual purpose 
strudel/phyllo pastry is sold 
by Greek grocers and' many 

Mushroom strudels 

Serves six 

6 sheets strudel pastry 

4 tables pooos melted butter 

30g Qoz) fresh breadcrumbs 

225g (8oz) open mushrooms 

Melt the butter in a wide 
pan and cook the onion slowly 
until it is soft, but not col- 
oured. Add the mushrooms 
and cook them gently until 
they have given off then 
reabsorbed their liquid. Sea- 
son the mixture and leave it to 
cool before stirring in the egg 

Whisk the egg whites to a 
stiff meringue and fold it into 
the mushroom mixture, fol- 
lowed by the breadcrumbs. 

To assemble the strudels, 
lay a sheet of the paper-thin 
pastry on a clean surfece and 
brush it with melted butler. 
Take one sixth of the filling 
mixture and lay it in a bar 
about lOcm/4 inches long in 
the middle of one short edge of 
the dough. Dribble a tea- 
spoon fill of melted butler over 
the filling and roll up the 
pastry very loosely to allow 
the filling to expand, making 
two or three turns before 
folding the sides in over the 
filling, and rolling to the end 
of the strip. Form the remain- 
ing strudels the same way. 

Arrange the pastries, 
slightly apart and seam side 
down on a buttered baking 
tray and brash them with 
melted butter. Bake them in a 
preheated moderately hot 
oven ( L90*C/37(TF, gas mark 
5) for about 35 minutes, or 
until they are golden. 

Serve the mushroom stru- 
dels hot or warm as a snack or 
first course. 


Legendary lunch 

Fitzrovia used to be a more 
raffish, less sleazy Soho. It’s 
not like that now; Bohemia 
died more than two decades 
ago. The Ad World has taken 
over. It is from here that the 
nation's minds are manipu- 
lated by persons wearing spec- 
tacle frames the colour of 
winegums. and driving any 
car as tong as it’s a D-reg 
Porsche with a spoiler. If you 
don't believe me, go to Chez 
Gerard, where careworn 
“crea fives” reward them- 
selves after a morning’s 
exhausting graft. 

The meat here is higher qual-i 
ity than is usual in similar, 
restaurants there, but the' 
prices arc higher. It is grilled 
on charcoal and. the best value 
is in those chunks — ribs or 
Chateaubriand — which serve: 
two people. 

I ate the Friday dish of the 
Midi, aioli (garlic may- 
onnaise) with salt cod, boiled 
potatoes and baby turnips; the 
fish was as good as one is 
likely to get in this country — 
and showed that Chez 
Gcrardcan cater for those who 
arc not 100 per cent car- 
nivores. £38 for two. 

Anode's is a cruel warning 
to copywriters not to foil in 
Ad land. If they do, they'll 
have to eke oul a living 
composing whimsical names 
for dishes that deserve better: 
Colonel’s curried egg may- 
onnaise, Tweed kettle pie, 
Nanny Campbell's basic 
lemon fluff. 

Still. I shouldn’t let this 
detract from what is a pleasant 
and original establishment. 
The cooking, as the names 
indicate, is English, but it's 
done with unusual flair. One 
starter was the ne plus ultra of 
old-fashioned tea-room crab; 

another was a salad of smoked 
chicken that included daisies 
(sounds twee, tastes good); a 
third was a rather Baltic mix 
of soused herring, potato, 
apple and sour cream. 

The £1150 set menu offers 
six main courses, of which the 
above-mentioned Tweed ket- 
tle pic was outstanding — ■ 
salmon and leek in a butter 
. • Franca Mosley 

IvjeatS htUlc pie 

sauce with a light pastry top. 
Also trout cooked in paper, 
which is a way of achieving 
the effect of foil, without 
making the table look like a 
takeaway: and steak with 
••irunklemeals”, in other 
words mustard, a home-made 
horseradish cream and so on. 
Vegetables are first-rale and so 
arc the’ Epglish cheeses. About 
£40 for two. 

Jonathan Meades 

Chez Gerard, 8 Charlotte 
Street, London WI (01-636 
4975). Open Surt-Fri 12.30- 
230pm and daily 6-f 1pm. 
Auntie’s. 126 Cleveland 
Street, London W1 (01-387 
1548). Open Mon-Fri noon- 
3pm, 6-11pm;Sat6-11pm. 


Russian revolution 

In this series of articles on 
challengers for the world 
championship, that great 
Russian, Mikhail Tchigonn, 
stands out as the supreme 
revolutionary. At a time 
when the theories of the all- 
powerful Steinitz insisted that 
the Evans Gambit was un- 
sound, and that in the 
Queen's Pawn Openings it 
was illegal to block the “c” 
pawn, Tchigonn espoused 
both antitheses with .vigour. 
He contested numerous Ev- 
ans Gambits with Steinitz 
and introduced the defence 1 
d4 d5 2 c4 Nc6. 

This is still considered 
dubious, though Tony Miles 
came dose earlier this year to 
registering an upset defeat 
against Karpov, using 
Tchigorin’s invention. Final- 
ly, Tchigonn pioneered 
1 . . . Nffi as an answer to 1 
d4. This was anathema to the 
classicists who argued that I 
d4 must be parried with 
1 . . . d5. Interestingly, 
Karpov has a poor record 
against Kasparov after 1 d4 
Nffi, but has performed 
respectably when be defends 
with 1 d4 d5. 

Here is a game from the 
second of Tchigpnn> titanic 
strug gles with Steinitz: 

White: Tchigorin; Blade 

Evans Gambit Havanna 
iff *5 2 NO ** 

3 Bc4 BeS 4 b4 BxM 

5 <3 BaS 604 <* 

7 M Bp* 

This wastes time; 1 ... Bb6 
is an improvement 

1865 &A 9 BUT 


12 M3 
14 84 


11 Btf7+ 
■a No4 



In order to salvage his 
Bishop, but now the d6 
square becomes weakened 
and ripe for invasion. 

15 *5 16 MG* MB 

17 B*3 KgS U ttl NI5 
19 NUT 

The widely-praised sacrifice 
is specocnlar and quite in 
Tchigorin’s dashing style, but 
is it necessary? White's posi- 
tion is already so overpower- 
ing that the simple 19 a5 
Bxa5 20 Rxb7 would be quite 

14. .. Kxf7 *20 o5e KxoB 

Of course not 20 . . . Qxe6 21 
Ng5+, but after the text 

Black's exposed King is 
nailed down in the centre. 

« NJS M 23 H*1 MB 

DBS £ 24 B »7e Km7 





2B TO 
20 0*+ 



Black resigns 

Raymond Keene 


Overseas Travel 

September/October 1986l 

Standby fares to America 
from only £149. 


(Also dept Manchester) 

BOSTON £149 







MIAMI £179 


TAMPA £179 





One way standby fares from London available 
now until die end of October: For information 
on standby chances ring 01-759 151L 

For further details contact your travel agent or 
British Airways travel shop. 

British Airways 

The workfc fevourile airline. 

23. 30 SEPT & 7 OCT 

Iwk 2wks 
OLU DENI2 £239 £269 

KAS/KALKAN £259 £289 

BODRUM £254 £284 

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(Open Sal 9J8-2J0) 


ATOL 2047 


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(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 




Ar [".i r, r:U. . 

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' ' ATOL 1S2< 

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only £253 return. 

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5 lust cut out this coupon, send it away and well send you our free 

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Autumn and 
winter magic. 

TOak-eads or weeks, 
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booeyonoiu. .. discover 
itae Magic of Iuly\ 
romantic dues in wrunrn 

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bBtmuu. .. you deserve iL 

Cad 01-749 7*49 fervour 
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2«n Oven idirr lor 6/8 ween 
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logne A thrpoo. Time Off 3a. 
Otnler Ckar. London. 9WIX 
780 oi z3s 8070- 

cruise & SAIL ABROAD 

CNUHOME A Sea Voyages, specie* 
otarauMa and offers on moot 
AuHmta/WMler t Summer 
1987 Crimes If Hooked now. 
Metsson Tram. 307 Hit*, 
Him. Landau SG» 7PW Tel: 
Ol 778 6271. ASTA/IATA 
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w/surf. wAkL Stn^re weL 
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Lounge views M« bo Bnfc. 8 

mins walk Sherrtan/Stajw. 

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6926 315553. 

ILNUUK. LAS Americas - OR 
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£195 p.w. Trt > 0624 28166 




POOH. Avail OR Umi winter 
villa world Ol 409 2030. . 
PAKAM8C In Uir sun. uy Brrrgu 
da IM winter, suo L £250 
SPPW. Trt 01-834 0671 



TPe (meet houses lor rental. 73 
Si James 8L BWi. Ol 491 

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DrtaM Snmrttang Specul 
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MAAfcVE. VUIaa wilh pent 
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ALtam. Lux votas/aMs wt*h 
K"» Sept- Orf A thru winter. 
Ol 4QQ 2B3 B. VUIaWorM. ' 
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owned 2/3/4 oede dore rd Vidas 

w, in priva te pood 01 6596182 

Continued «* png* 35 

-o-rkw ' . — 





Open id wMi Fnm wMbSoraond tachtm mwc- Coflaa Shan Buffet Bora and Bwrekfe Cdt 

■lop awyy Fri&d/Sun gvmfr gy Enjoy the raogn$c«rri riwi of fl*n Ben Qnd ftrfcanent from our rfrprAk wold. 


■ Barbican Centre. Silk Sf. EC2Y 80S 
VI# 01-638 8891/628 8795 
Telephone Bookings: 10arn-8pm 7 days a week 

Lgj JXffiB X? 

OMMura, Cordarv.vnmConcano.Syi i M<u<ryN()4 

'MsaaasM . ntMnmLH. 


NUR TWO* ««• 

oc W tOOTtr 379 643* 

FM (Ml 34Hr TDwOC W 7300 

om fiafcw mo alas 


Eito T.JO **■«» THU * WM B 

UKranm no* admilMI 

until the interval 



[({( « for perfect gifts ruci-Sv^ nc;m.7p- 







Principal Conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli 



Wednesday Next 34 September at 7 JO ' 
Opening Concert of die Season 

Mahler: Symphony No. 6 

Sunday 28 Se p tember at 7 JO 


Beethoven: Overture, Coriolan 
Beethoven: Violin Concerto 
Beethoven: Symphony No- 4 


Tictas £3.50. £4J0..£5.50,fl,/, £12 
Acdihk bum Hall (01-928 JI91J tX! 1OI-M8 8800) & apan. 



TCHAIK OVSK Y Francesca da Rimini 
PROKOFIEV Piano Concerto No. 2 

RACHMANINOV Symphony No. 3 

£3„C4J0 1J C«tfQ,£9.£12, £15 HaU (01428 3191) CC(DI-«B 8800) 





fJdH Tcbrfhowkjr PIANO CONCERTO No. 1 • 

klBI Tctaftimta. CAPtUCCBOrtAUHN 

■23/ Elgar. POM* AND CDtCUMSlANCE MARCB No. 1 

■fir Raari BOLERO 

jo Baiioi-aaaiwi ccoi-resumo 




To jo"* 1 ** fk* 

London International Piano Competition 

MOZART: Minuet m G K.4Q9 
MOZART: rauo Gxxxna in C mi n o r, K.491 
MOZART: Symphony No. 40 

SIR COLIN DAVIS conductor RADU LUPU piano 
Luo.flLiCioBoKoesugoi-wa miccm-gawoo 


BOX OFFICE 01-688 9291 CREDITPHONE 01-600 1915 




BRITTEN Yoons IVnooS Guide m die Orcbcsxa 

SIBELIUS VMrim Uoactn m D manr 

DVORAK Snapbony No. 9 in E nanor "Near Wmfcr 

Wednesday Neat 24 Se p te m ber 8 jOO pm 



ROSSINI arena* -Wilton TdT 

ARNELL Odr to Bcccham ■ Lu Pterio rmin ce) 

GRIEG IVaa Goneem bs A amor 

BEETHOVEN S>mphoay ICo. JinCmmor 

LULLSAl.IASl.flJ0 Showal pace: (2.H.A W. £4.73,0 JOLim 

vv'OMw.'fr sr=!£i whoof 
£07 OFFiCS Oi 435 US 7 f J 


si» ■ 

Tonight 20 September 7.45pm 


BEETHOVEN Piano CbncatD No 

STRAVINSKY The fircbixd State (1919 version 



Seat P*k»E12J0.a0J0 r £8J0.£6J0.£S. £350." 
Box Office Tel: 11K8 every day fed Son 01-438 8891/6288795 


■Pf.- . l' iJ4«"P 

TOlWia VIC 938 OW OC 
&4A5. Tor « w»« «iW • 


In M WIT S By Now “«■ 



Thinsday 25 September 7.45pm 
A concert to celebrate the 
80th aimivetsary of the birth of 


Suite from the ‘Age of GokF 
Cello Concerto No I - : 
Symphony No 15 





Barbican Centre - Frida; Next IAS 
P gumfisii Overture, and Pi ano Co ncerto No. 2 

with CRISTINA ORTIZ piano 

and AUsonHargan, Jean Rigby, 

DaVid RendaJB, David Wtfaon-Johraon 

Chy of London Sinfonia, 
conducted by Richard ifichoz . 

The Richard Efictas Singers 

. » k» wtot brl6toljaagOM toi i atl a nlh.l^ 

EU neaSam Bataoia pam 

vmncs nwaao bw omcr . 

7MSH1 FlrwCaa34 Hr7Dny» 
CC Boottoft 856 5464 09 Salto 
950 6133 

M0B-SM a M8I Tli IMS * sal 5.00 

SHOW" Naw n to fc 

Sum no 3anC BwVHXKt 
SutoNo G4IDBWV WtZ. 


Sandfly 28 September 7.30pm 





BEETHOVEN ...HanoCoacermNo5 < Eniperot r 
RAVEL. ........... ......,Daphms«Chk>e 


Seal Plmm50.UaSa.i8JB. £6-50.15. £350 
Bar Office m Ifl-8e»c^dayin& Sun 01-438 8891/628 8T9S 

V i'" ' IT i - ■ l , r -1 



-n rtaaHa wah i w i w bwi- . 
S-Ttmc* "Jus WDfMMrfur D£n> 
Mow Sal fl Maw WM 2J0 SM 8 

Thursday 2 October 7.15 pm BARBICAN HALL 



STR AVINSK Y — %mphofly in Three Atoy q n en a 

MR Sh WW., Piano Concerto in F 


RAVEL ' — ..-LaValsc 

Sc* Price* X1L50. £9.ia 

01 -6i8 8891/628 8795 

MVOT 01-830 8888 CC 01^78 
6319L.B3A 0*78 Evciwnb 745. 
Maw Wed X 8a» ft A 550 








Tneaday 7 October at 7 JO pm . 


“Livre du Saint Sacrement 55 

- OEvi e r Messiaen 


Ttoew 0.0, £2 (anfincody) 

AoUile: Ouwdnl boctohop Man-Sat 9J0 » 1pm. 

Or to paw «» 0 m» Scoflar, W SaanoMi *"*«. W9 IDLcac. SJlE. 
Under fficpwnaawrfllHJL AL Jaoqow Vtot F renc h Awb— dor 
lo Or pmeoer ema p a tt 


SUPP8 Oc. Monaa Nsob and NichL Oa. LaW Ototar; J. ST*MBS 
Whadto Mto Kapawto IMhde, Ctoatoito FUa, Vtoi WBaoi tod Swv, 
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Mnin onia Ti.AjAni r w^. irw lnn . 

O.M, £4J0. D JB. O, £B JO. £9J0, flO JO Goa Hall Q1A28 1 19W2B 8800 

SATURDAY NEXT 27th SEPT at 7.38 


Introduced and conducted by ANTONY HOPKINS 

C35DI (ija (5.10, fl 00, 0.10. 0.SD, CiaSD Bmi B8HIM2B noims 8800 

jj ^ St John's Smith Square 

BTRAMD 836 2660 OC I 
4143/5115 741 9999. F1M I 
34 Hr 7 Day or uo 7300 - 

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AIT a g ate niMiisfltfe 


CC 639 3036. Mon- 




“An imwwy n wiimt” S ton 
■B n M a u wur Time* 


Sl JohaS, Smbti Square, SW1 Monday » Sa p a u abcr at 7 JSpa 


Foitepiano Concertos No. 25 K-5Q3 & No. 26 K_537 
‘Coronotioa’ Symphony No. 30 K202 

Malcolm BQson, fortepiano 

ftjp 8.S6 3} | 
US »-3a si* 






* Secret formula for writing a best seller 

• ^ 

' i 

t i 


* i 


■ t 

: i 

i r 



Writing a Thrifler by Andre Jute 
(Adam & Charles Stack, £4.95); The 
craft of Writing Romance by Jean 
SaunderejAffisoo & Busby. £2,95): 

H. 1 ??. Keating (Adanrk Charles 
Stack, £435) 

A myth exists that writing 
can't be taughL Perhaps it 
has been pul about by 
writers themselves, jeal- 
ously guarding the mys- 
tique of their craft, 
despite all the creative 
writing courses at univer- 
sities in America and here at post- 
graduate level. 

This last piece of information 
comes from Writing a Thriller by 
Andre Jute, who also tells us tren- 1 
chantly that “the difference between 
the leading practitioner and a mere 
journeyman lies mostly in the 
application each brings to bis craft”. 

None of these writers leaves us in 
doubt that the creating of fiction, 
genre fiction at any rate, can be learnt. 
All are shy of recipes, of the novel by 
. technology out of formula. All 
acknowledge that the desire to do it 
has goito be there, some kind of vital 
spark. And Andit Jute says that the 
thriller is now a respectable genre. 

Well, maybe ... but whatever he 
may do for aspiring, as yet un- 
published, writers he is- very supporl- 


going about as we do with chips on 
our shoulders. For those who are 
beginning, he has plenty of good 
advice. “Don't use names from the 
telephone book", lie directs, a 
weather eye on libd risks. “Use town 
names from the back of a gazetteer.” 

My own method exactly, Watson. 
A good deal of the enjoyment I 
derived from these books was finding 
recommended so many things 1 do 
myself and, perhaps naively, thought 
I was alone m doing. Though I must 
say I never considered not having 

It is also quite a tough manual of 
instruction. A hero, for instance, 
should be slightly older than die 
heroine. Characters must offer some- 
thing to the story i.e. to the further- 
ance of romance. “To bring in an 
interesting Spanish waiter just be- 
cause you’ve been on holiday to 
Majorca ... is not sufficient,” 

Names are important but “a virile- 
sounding . name like Teak” Miss 
Saunders considers too gimmicky. 
teak? It opens up such possibilities. 
How about Mahogany or Hornbeam? 
Or would that be encroaching on 

^ The desire to do it has got to . 

be there — some vital spark 9 

social workers, miners or mission- 
aries among my characters on the 
grounds that such people aren't 
exciting enough. 

Juie is great on building tension 
and on telling a story through snappy 
dialogue. I especially like the sample 
command: “ 'Pass me the grappling 
iron, quick man', he shouted.” 

We have all experienced love, Jean 
Saunders tells us, though how many 
have direct knowledge of espionage 
or murder? The Craft of Writing 
Romance is all about love and, 
indeed, chapter one is called “Loving 
Your Genre". 

Lord of the Rings country: a quite 
different region on the genre map? 

With the change in women's status, 
a heroine may have an interesting 
job, and it is worth the writer's while 
to spend time researching unusual 
callings. Not a sewage engineer 
though, says H. R. F. Keating, who 
“is hardly going 10 appeal to the 
escapist element in your readership' 1 . 

Writing Crime Fiction is enor- 
mously entertaining - 1 am tempted 
to say at least as readable as many of 
the crime novels it cites. On there 
really once, have been a series 
featuring a slave detective of Ancient 

Rome? Since I am mentioned per- 
haps I should declare an interest; but 
so are a host of crime writers whose 
work Keating advises his- readers to 
study — surely the best way to team. 

He also gives one of the most 
perceptive definitions ! have come 
across of the difference between 
crime writing and pure novels. The 
former puts readers and their 
entertainment first, the latter primar- 
ily express the feelings of the writer. 

An indomitable will is what the 
aspiring writer will need, says Jute. 
Keating points out the importance of 
luck ana Saunders of a sincere belief 
in the seriousness of romance. 

When dealing with sexual matters, 
writers must not allow themselves to 
be inhibited by what their relatives 
may think. Never mind Great Aunt 
Ethel's blushes. Don't muffle the 
excitement in action scenes advises 
Keating, admirably quoting Graham 
Greene with similes and metaphors. 
Be tough on those adjectives that -wiU 
creep in. 

1 see these books as a private 
godsend. 1 shall recommend them to 
those who ask me how to write fiction 
instead of posting off the long and 
possibly not very helpful essays I used 
to produce on the craft And stop 
saying it can't be taught, which is 
perhaps itself only a romantic 


Ruth Rendell 

The flower power of Oxford 

ft . f '■■■■; Kvv'- 

Oxford Garden by Mavis 


Asked what Ox- 
ford contributed 
to the history and 
civilization of this 
country, one 
| could be forgiven 
for not thinking of 
its influence on 
gardens.But to neglect how 
members of the university 
influenced the development of 
ideas about garden design and 
content and. at the same time, 
responded uniquely to the 
mood and ideals of successive 
periods, would be to miss a 
significant area of interest. 
Mavis Batey's book is a 

era at Oxford from medieval 
times to the present day. In it, 
she covers all aspects of the 
life of the university which 
have influenced garden his- 
tory in its widest sense. 

We meet eccentric inhab- 
itants, tike the college presi- 
dent who called his dog a cat 
in order to get round regula- 
tions, and delight in the 
eccentric solutions these 
inhabitants found to the prob- 
lems of their day. 

What more perfect answer 
could there be to the dilemma 
of not wishing to charge an 
entrance fee for the charity 
performance of Alice in 
Wonderland . staged in 
Worcester College garden, 
than that offered by Lewis 
Carroll himself— to charge the 
audience to leave? Or who 
could fail to delight in the 
story of the ivy at Magdalen 
that found its way into the 
cellars and consumed the 
Fellows' pon? 

More seriously, the book is 
particularly interesting where 
its author considers Oxford in 
Commonwealth and Restora- 
tion times, when the univer- 
sity was ablaze with the new 
empiricism. Both garden de- 
sign and the study of new 
plants that arrived in signifi- 
cant numbers from abroad 
were felt to be of central 
importance to the new 

It is perhaps worthwhile 


Worcester College: a 19th-century engraving showing fee Provost’s looking like a Pafladian house 

considering when, and why, 
horticulture lost its position at 
the centre of the stage and 
when gardens ceased to reflect 
the spirit of the age: 

It was the Picturesque 
Movement which first dis- 
tanced the observer looking 
for an effect, rather than a 
truth. Certainly it is difficult 
today to detea the influence 
of such sure guiding hands as 
those so admirably portrayed 
here. College archives, it 
seems, are the last repositories 
of more ambitious schemes 
for college gardens than were 
ever approved by the Fellows. 

How different, for example, 
Cambridge would have look- 
ed. had Capability Brown’s 
grand scheme for a lake 
behind King's College been 
carried out. Predictably, the 
other colleges were not 
particularly interested in co- 
operating as they were as- 
signed a subsidiary role while 
King's was the “country 

Strong characters, in a • 
university setting, make the 

best gardeners, being the only 
people capable of getting 
things done. One was the 
redoubtable Miss Annie Rog- 
ers who, single-handed, be- 
cause she wanted it that way, 
created the gardens at Sl 
H ugh's. 

It was said that when she 
visited the Bidder rock garden 
at St John's, “College porters 

were warnecl that' although 'a "essential book; although those 
blind eye might be turned on not entirely familiar with the 

an odd snip here and there, if 
Miss Rogers was seen to 
appear with her umbrella, a 
favourite receptacle fa- cut- 
tings, she must on no account 
be left on her own.” 

For anyone with an interest 
in garden history or the his- 
tory of Oxford, this is an 

layout of every court and quad 
would have welcomed more 
maps and plans. And a closer 
watch by the publishers would 
have spotted the few incorrect 
spellings of Latin names that 
irk in a book such as this. 

Roth Stongo 

Jokes left a blank feeling 


Pn/cs of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
cuitcci solutions opened on Thursday. Sep t ember 23. 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. 1 Pennington Street, London, El 9XN. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, September 27. 1986. 


1 Corrupt political cen- 
tre 1 7.4) 

9 Absorb (7) 

Ifl Chance taker (S) 

11 Hond(.t) 

1.1 Laver (4> 

16 Cab (4) 

17 Husv (61 

|8 Tooth dev a I ion (4) 

20 ChaoiK- state (4) 

21 Pudding iaKc(&) 

22 ( optic hishop (4) 

2.1 Kip (41 
25 Tinv (.11 

28 Meal pni>cr<5) 

29 Seal cushion* (71 

30 First holv Roman 
Emperor (II) 


2 Standpoint (Sl 
X Debatable (41 

4 t'oiv place (4) 

5 Birdwatcher's hut 14 J 

6 Produce milk (7) 

7 Submarine bomb 

8 Thinker's panel (6.5) 

12 Dev i« (6) 

|4 Blame (3) 

15 Baste (6) 

|9 5evcnih*ia\( 7 ) 

28 Encountered (5) 

24 Impivh f S ) 

25 Clothes (4) 

26 Heavy fencing word 

27 Developing imeci (41 

ACROSS; J Entomb 5 Addict 8 Ass 9 Sec- 
tor 10 Scarab II Beam 12 Quisling 14 Se- 
ance 17 Jumble 19 Jeroboam 22 Glee 24 
Muesli 25 Apache 26 Vim 27 Settle 28 

DOWN: 2 Niece 3 Ottoman 4 Baroque 5 
Assai 6 Drawl 7 Channel 13 Sou 13 Eve- 
cute 16 Cob I? Jimjams 18 Migrate 20 On- 
set 21 Olive 23 Ethic 

The winners of prise concise So 1053 arc. 
Mrs If’. Power. Riverdah Close. Seaton . 
Devon; and Ronald McLaren . Holt Wood 
Road, 0\ short, Stirrer. 

SOLUTION TO NO 1053 (last Sam relay's prize concise) 

U ROSS; I Pas-dc-Cabm 9 Uncivil IQPiaoo li Leo J3Nf j6 
Mint 17 Mcwlcr 18111s 20M«C 21 Indigo 22 Lout 23 Oboe 25 
Oak 28 Onion 29 Imprint 30 Immortalize 

DOWN: 1 .Accra 3 Dive 4Call 5 Lido ftlmwnc. .7 QuiMilliM 8 
Vinvcdcsic 12 Emetic 14 RMS 15 Ruanda NLaicism 20 
Moo 24 BliU 25 Onto 26 Kill 27 Opal 



Taking Off. An anthology of 
parodies, send-upsana 
imitations, edited by Tim 
Dow ley (Methuen. £4.95) 

I was sitting outside a cafe 
near Harrods, pondering on 
this booh of parodies, when 
along burst Billy Connolly. 

“1 used to write that sort of 
thing*', he said. So we looked 
op Connolly in the index, bat 
discovered only Cyril and his 
ineffectual seud-up of Janes 

“The thing about parody”, 
said Billy, “is that it doesn't 
work unless you lore what 
you're parodying.” 

I found this was true when I 
turned to Miles Kington's 
affectionately-written Radio 4 
dialogue between . Richard 
Baker and Kenneth Robinson. 
In just a few lines Miles had 
put a tired 1 5-year-old rel- 
ationship into perspective — as 
a sort of unthinking man's 
Laurel and Hardy. 

Robinson: Tw been to the 
National Underwear Show at 
Olympia, Richard.” 

Baker; “Which reminds roe, 
Kenneth, you're been to the 
National Underwear Show at 
Olympia, haven't you?” 

, Robinson: “I certainly have, 

Very rarely do you get such 
a vivid pfetnre of total lack of 
communication. Though Tony 
Hendra does well here, too, 
with his glimpse of a mar 
desperately trying to get in 
touch with his saviour. “O rare 
and Moody Jesus, I love Thy 
blood so red. I loved you when 
you were afire. I love you 
better dead.” 

There is certainly no love in 
the writing of that snide 
overstatement of Christian be- 
lief. But it is not a genuine 
parody. Nor is Private Eye's 
day in the after-life of Mal- 
colm Mu gg rri dg e, who boasts 
of having lunch in heaven with 
Pope Pan] V'L Victor Silvester 
and Doris Waters — “a lovely 
lady whose fife was spent in 
what I gather is called ‘show 

The parody fails, because 
Malcolm has never behaved 
like those dotty old mag- 
istrates Who feign ignorance of 
worldly matters. 

Good parodies have to be 
both loving and accurate. That 
is certainly not true of Paul 
Griffin's cruel and pointless 
“Christopher Robin is draw- 

ing his pension. He suffers 
from chronic bronchitis and 
tension”. Art it is true of a 
piece by Sheridan Morley, 
who has written an hilarious 
excerpt of Pinter's The Cam - 
taker in the style of Private 
Lives. (“Very flat, SMcnp.”) 

I was looking for a way of 
summing-up this collection 
when I noticed Michael 
Palin's; ecstatic review of it, 
printed' on the jacket. 

“This book”, wrote Mr 
Palin, without realizing be was 
inventing an entirely o 
yardstick for the measuring of 
literature, “deserves ugh 
praise for the amount it man- 
ages to fit in.” 

I was thinking how well that 
review could apply to the 
Bible, Shakespeare and Jef- 
frey Archer, when I found 
Michael Palin was being even 
more Pythonesque than be 

In spite of the praiseworthy 
amount the book manages to 
fit in, it still has 45 blank 
pages. So maybe It also de- 
serves high praise for what it 
manages to leave out. .. 

Kenneth Robinson 

Teacher's pet Mandy Miller with Jack Hawkins and Phyllis Calvert 

When silence spoke 
a thousand words 

In the career of the best Ealing 
director, Alexander 
Mackendrick. Moody (Chan- 
nel 4, t o morrow. 1055pm- 
1140am) is the odd film out, 
the only non-comedy among 
credits that included Whisky 
Galore!, The Man in the White 
Sait and The LadykiUers. 

IVlackeod rick's pictores 
were distinguished from other 
Ealing comedies by their cut- 
ting edge. They were not the 
cosy, complacent studies of a 
more or less merrie England 
that Ealiag usually produced. 

Moody, made in 1952, is not 
only Macke ud rick's only 
excursion into Ealing drama 
but superficially his most con- 
ventional film, the qnasi-docu- 
mentary story of how a deaf 
and dumb child is treated for 
her affliction wrapped pp in a 
banal family saga. 

But acarefsl look at Moody 
reveals that it has the same 
depth and insight that 
Mackendrick brought to his 
other work. This caa be traced 
most obviously in the portrait 
of Mandy's father (played by 
■Terence Morgan). 

While Mandy has a direct 
physical handicap, her father 
has a no less telling emotional 
and psychological one. This 
comes to the surface during 
the rift betw een himself ana 


bis wife (Phyllis Calvert) over 
whether Mandy should attend 
a special scbooL 

Dutiful, but blinkered, be is 
adamant that Mandy should 
stay apart from other children, 
and have a private governess, 
while Mandy's mother takes 
the opposite view. The mar- 
riage itself conies under strain 
and relationships further 
deteriorate when the father 
accuses Ms wife of haring an 
affair with Mandy's teacher 
(Jack Hawkins). 

The gradual rehabilitation 
of Mandy takes place against 
this background and m an 
. ironic way there seems more 
hope in the end for the child 
than her parent. There are two 
battles in the film. One is 
Mandy's against bo- handi- 
cap. The second is the wife's 

ami the teacher's against the 

Thematic considerations 
aside, the impact of the film 
derives in large part from the 
remarkable performance of 
the eight-year-old with the 
Chinese eyes and podgy 
cheeks, Mandy Miller. Her 
performance, like the film 
which was named after her, 
completely avoids the pitfall of , 

The screening of Mandy is . 
linked to a series called Fifties 
Features (Channel 4, 5.15- 
6pm) which looks at the 
position of women in the 
British cinema during the 
post-war era. Mandy Miller 
and Phyllis' Calvert talk about * 
Mandy and there are coutribs- ’ 
turns from the few women - 
Wendy Toyc, Muriel Box - 
who unde it to the director's 

Chflir ‘ Peter Waymark 


The Eagle (Channel 4, Wed, 
9- 10.30pm) Is another In the 
series of silent classics 
restored by Kevin Brownlow 
and.David GUI and given a 
new score by Cart Davis. It is 
being shown on the 60th 
anniversary of the death of its 
star, Rudolph Valentino. 

Made in 1925, The Eagle 

signalled Valentino's return to 
the screen after an absence 
of two years. He plays a 
Cossack lieutenant who 
turns bandit to avenge the 
seizure of his father s 
lands, a good bad man in the 
tradition of Robin Hood and 
Zorro, only to fell in love with 
his enemy 's daughter. The 
director was Clarence Brown, 
later to make his name with 
Greta Garbo. 

Death takes a back seat 


There are few better subjects 
for black comedy than a dead 
body that cannot be disposed 
of. Hitchcock used it in The 
Trouble With Harry and Les- 
ley Bruce returns to’ the theme 
in Shift Work (BBCZ Wed. 
9.25-1020 pm). 

Maureen Lipman plays Ju- 
lie. a single parent with three 
children who makes ends 
meet by driving a mini cab. 
But she is not properly insured 
and loses her job. though she 
is given one last fere: an Arab 
who inconveniently expires en 
route from Heathrow. 

Being the middle of the 
night the mortuary is dosed, 
and a hospital refutes to help. 
Despite some improbabilities, 
it is a nicely diverting piece 
that knows exactly how long 
to keep the joke going. 
Furthermore, it is based on a 
real life inddenL 
Talking of Hitchcock. 
Omnibus starts a two-part 
profile of him on Friday 
(BBC1. 10.25-1 1 30 pm). Fans 
may not find very much that is 
new. but it is a lively aiid 
informative introduction to 
the man who. Francois 
Truffaut once said, shot mur- 
ders like love scenes and love 
scenes like murders. 

There is. thank goodness, 
little theorizing about inner 
motives. Instead. the pro- 
gramme vies to bring out, 
through the testimony of ac- 
tors and writers, what ft was 
like to be involved in the 
making of a Hitchcock film. 

Thus we have James Stew- 
art on Rear Window, Teresa 

Dead end: Arab Tony AHef and cabbie Maureen lipman 

Wright on Shadow of a Doubt 
and Joan Fontaine on Re- 
becca. There are examples of 
Hitchcock's penchant for 
cruel jokes and it seems that 
the stories about his liking to 
humiliate actresses were not 
too wide of the mark. 

The problem for the makers 
of The Story of English 
(BBCZ Mon. 8.05-9 pm) was 
bow to make a visual series 
about the abstract concepts of 
words and language. As any- 
one- familiar with television 
techniques might have 
guessed, the solution was to 
tell the story through people 
and places. 

The opening programme (of 
nine) explores the proposition 
that English has been more 
influential than any language 
the world has known, looks at 
the surprising survival of En- 

glish in the former colobial 
territories and shows how new 
words are being created from 
such diverse sources as femi- 
nism and the computer. 

The archive series Trav- 
ellers In Time returns on 
Wednesday (BBCZ 7.30- 
S pm) with the story of the 
Turkestan to Siberia railway 
built in the late 1920s. It was 
an heroic feat of early Soviet 
planning, and was recorded in 
a famous documentary film. 

Most of BBCZ this evening 
(from 5.20 pm) and tomorrow 
(until 6 am) is devoted to the - 
annual music marathon. Rock 
Around the Clock. The bill 
includes a Rock Lookalike 
competition and footage from 
the first edition. 1 5 years ago. 
of The Old Grey Whistle Test. 


Pasternak would blow a fuse 

The Electrification of the Soviet Union by 
Craig Raine (Faber. £330) 

In 1934. all independent pub- 
lishing in Russia was abolished 
and the Union of Soviet Writers 
was convened in Moscow. To add 
proletarian colour, workers in 
their work clothes welcomed their 
new union brethren, among whom 
was Baris Pasternak. As a young 
woman bearing a sledgehammer walked in. 
Pasternak jumped upand wrested the proletar- 
ian symbol from her. thinking it was too 
heavy. It was. and history records with 
embarrassment that the poet dropped it. 

By 1934, Pasternak had already created the 
verse and the prose by which Russian culture 
is to be measured for millennia to come and of 
which his later. Nobel Prize-winning Dr 
Zhivago period is but an echo. Gentleman or 
male chauvinist, in his personal life Pasternak 
clung to the standards of his milieu. Likewise, 
his poetry and prose exist as a logical 
continuation — or culmination - of the 
Russian literary tradition. 

Alt this is relevant because Craig Raine has 
published his libretto for an opera based on the 
work of Pasternak. The Electrification of the 
Stwict Union. The libretto. like Mr Raine's 
earlier books, stands athwart that tradition. 

and the legitimacy of the whole endeavour can 
hardly remain unquestioned. 

That Mr Raine has made a career of 
adaptation, often basing his poems on Russian 
models, does not in itself make him any less 
original titan, say. Virgil. Yet literary innova- 
tion — or quality — is not so much a matter of 
“what” as of “how”: and this is where Mr 
Raine's method amounts to colossal failure. 

The Last Summer. Pasternak's vaguely 
autobiographical novella on which Mr Raine's 
libretto is based, is a mirade of poetic prose 
whose salient feature is its near-cryptic 
subtlety. For his effort. Mr Raine “hit on the 
notion of an octosyllabic line” which is “both 
shapciv and colloquial” Indeed, his hero tells 
a woman that her “slow nipples gather dosely 
in the cold” (he goes on to list her other 
enchantments), to which she replies, “my 
breasts aren't bad” 

On the whole, the exchange would be jarring 
in a Dreigroschenopcn in an opera about 
Pasternak it's idiotic. By obviating the poet’s 
prose to focus on the “plot” of the novella — 
which he invents; smee there really isn't much 
of one — Mr Raine makes his hero into a 
“Russian” puppet mouthing “poetic” plati- 
tudes eight syllables too long for anyone's 
car.The only electricity here comes from 
Pasternak turning in his coffin, although not 
enough to illumine a murky poetry scene. 

Andrei Navrozov 

Assembling a star cast that any 
West End theatre manager 
would envy. Radio 3 presents 
the British premiere of Hie 
Compromise (Friday. 730- 
9.05pm) by the Hungarian 
dissident, Istvan Eorsi. 

It is a piece from the heart, 
an angry exploration of the 
limits to free expression in a 
totalitarian regime by one who 
became a “prohibited” play- 
wright in his own country and 
was later deprived of bis 
professional status. 

Ronald Pickup is the writer, 
Zoltan, who after eight years 
of labour has produced bis 
1.200-page history of post- 
1956 Hungary. As he fies in a 
hospital , bed. likely soon io 
' die. bis book is acclaimed as a 
work of genius. 

But at the time the authori- 
ties are demanding cuts and 
alterations. Win the ailing 
Zoltan compromise ana 
“leave the world a master- 
piece” or will the book remain 
unaltered and unpublished? 

Juliet Stevenson plays 
Zolian's actress wife, with 
John Hun as a playwright who 
has designs on her. Bernard 
Hepton and Hugh Dickson 
represent officialdom. 

There is more international 
drama tomorrow when die 
Globe Theatre production 

When free 
costs dear 


Rival in kwe: John Hurt 

(Radio 4. 230-4pm) is Ijiig i 
Pirandello's Six Characters in 
Search of an Anther. Charles 
Gray, Yvonne Bryceland and 
Chcrie Lunghi star in the 
teasing story of characters in a 

play who have been aban- 
doned by their creator. 

In Figures in a Bygone 
Landscape (Radio 4. Mon, 
8.43-9am) Don Haworth, ra- 
dio playwright and producer 
of the award-winning tele- 
vision fihn. Fred Dibnah. 
Steeplejack, evokes his 1920s 
childhood in Lancashire. Ste- 
phen Thome reads the first of 
10 extracts from Haworth’s 
gentle, evocative memoir 
which has just been published 
by Methuen (£9.95). 

James Turtle’s documen- 
tary, More Than Pantomime 
Warfare (Radio 4,'8.30-9pm) 
recalls the extraordinary Dog- 
ger Bank affair of October 
1904 when British trawlers in 
the North Sea were fired upon : 
by four Russian battleships. - 
Linked to Russia's humiltal- i 
ing defeat by the Japanese at 1 
the other end of the world, the J 
incident sparked off a dip- • 
■lomatic crisis. - 1 

It’s a Funny Business re- 
turns tomorrow (Radio 2, 7- - 
7.30pm) with more helpings of. 
showbusiness nostalgia when 
Mike Craig talks to Alf Pear- * 
son. of the singing duo. Bob 
and Alf Pearson. Future guests 
include Ben Warriss and Elsie 












h ■. 

a. - 
£. ■; 




COME TO GRIER Paul Bailey, In 

his new novel, Gabriel’s Lament 
(published on Thursday by 
Jonathan Cape, £9.95) offers a funny 
and horrifying picture of eccentric 
English life from the early 1940s to 
the present Gabriel’s grief follows 
a strange bequest from his father. 

LIVING KAFKA: Geoffrey Pafaner, 
the lugubrious face of many of 
television sitcom; plays foe central 
figure of Alan Bennett’s Kafka’s Dick, 
a writer who Idolizes Kafka and ' 
lives his life through him. With Alison 
Steadman. Royal Court (01-730 " 

51 74), from Tuesday after previews. 




Mclfeeiar, who has shaped the 
We&tiNational Opera for the last 
decqde as its general administrator, 
brings the company to Covent 
Garden for the first time with a 
complete ffinocycle. Royal Opera 
Holise (01-240 1 066), from Thursday. 



OTELLO (U) Verdi’s opera, 
sumptuously transferred to the 
screen by Franco Zeffirett, 
with Plaodo Domingo (Otelto), 
Katia RicdareUi (Desdemona) 
Justio Diaz (lago) and much 
location camerawork. Lorin 
Maazel conducts. 

responses to depres si o n and 
attitudes to analysis has Aten 
Dobie leading a cast directed 
by Wyn Jones in the opening 
production at this re-furbished 
and revived theatre. 

New End Theatre, 27 New End, 
London NW3 (01 -794 0022). 
Preview today. Opens Mon. 


FORTESS (U) Sergni 
Paradjanov, the Georgian 
director of The Colour of 
Pomegranates, returns after 
years of silence with a 
beautiful, cryptic version of a 
Georgian legend about the 
construction of a fortress. 
Camden Plaza (01-485 2443). 


Lightweight study in the mating 
habits of young Americans, 
derived -at a polite distance — 
from David Mamet’s one-act 
play Sexual Perversity in 
Chicago. Edward Zwick directs 
Rob Lowe, Demi Moore, Jim 

Warner West End (01-439 
0791), Cannon Oxford Street 
(01-636 0310). FromFri. 


Rudoiph’splayful, strenuously 
stylish thriller, with Kris 
Kristofferson as an ex-cop with 
a past, mixed up with drifters 
and dreamers. 

Screen on the Green (01 -226 
35201 Cannon Oxford Street 


Ayckbourn’s latest foray into 
middle-class frustration. JuHa 
McKenzie shines as the 
touched fantasist of the title. 
Vaudeville (01-836 9988). 

ALBA: Lorca’s last tragedy of 
Spanish manners, robustly 


BALLET: Three further. • 
performances of 77w Snow 
Queen, this afternoon, this .. 
evening. and Mon, conokid* 
the company’s short London 

Covem Garden (01-240 

‘show continues for one more 
week in London before 

Spanish manners, robustly 
played by Joan Plowright, 
Glenda Jackson, Amanda I 
Lyric, Hammersmith (01-74 


BELFAST: Lady Windermere's 
Fen; Honor Blackman as Mrs 
Eriynne in the Oscar Wilde 
play, directed by Richard Digby 


Lyric Players (0232 660081). 
Until Oct 4. 

35201 Cannon i 
(01-636 0310). 

Satirical Canadian comedy, 
centred round a dinner party 
for sex-obsessed academics; 
directed by Denys Arcand. One 
of! the hits at Cannes. 

Renoir (01-837 8402), Chelsea 
Cinema (01-351 3742) 

MONA USA (18): Neil Jordan s 
off-beat comedy-drama, with 

DARUNGTON: The Old Man of 
Lochnagftr Whirligig Theatre 
tour of David Wood's musical 
play, based on the book by the 
Prince of Wales. Due at 
Sadler's Wells in November. 
Civic (0325 486555). Opens 
Mon. Until Sep 27. 

Mockingbird: European 
premiere of Christopher 
Sergei's dramatization of the 
Harper Lee newel, directed by 
Anthony dark. 

Contact (061 273 5696) Opens 

Sweeney Todd: Stephen 
Sondheim's “musical thriller** 
about the demon barber of 
Fleet Street, with Michael N. 
Harbour, Toni Palmer, Jams 
Kelly. Directed by Ken Hill. 
Playhouse (0632323421) Until 
Oct 4. 

PLYMOUTH: Pump Boys & 
Dinettes: American country- 
rock musical, which ran hi the 
West End, now beginning a 
regional tour in a new 


The Drum, Theatre Royal (0752 
669595). Untti Oct 4. 
SHEFFIELD: PfnoccNo Boys: 
Paines Plough present a 
fantasy comedy by Jim Morris 
about three teenage television 

Crucible Studio (0742 769922) 
Opens Mon. 


voiced souMazz crooner, 
sharing the Ml with the 
somewhat tougher Gwen 

Tonight. Wembley Arena 
(01-902 1234) 

Son of Stan stokes his fine 
hard-bop band's fires with a 
Blakeyesque zest 
Tonight Ruins. Lincoln; 
tomorrow. Spring Street 
Theatre, Hun (0482 23638) 
Mon, Coconut Grove, Leeds 
(0532 455718) Tues, 

Comer House Hotel. 

Newcastle (091 6259602) 

Wed. York Arts Centra (0904 
27129): Thurs, Band on the 
Wall, Manchester (061 834 
1786) Fri, Dovecote Arts 
Centre, Stockton (0642 
61 1625) 

“Camouflage" man makes a 

? uick return, 
omorrow and Mon, 

Marquee, 90 Wardour Street 
London W1 (01-437 6603) 

CAMEO: Hot funk from 
Larry Blackmon’s crew. 
Tomorrow, Royal Conceit 
Halt, Nottingham (0602 
472328); Mon. Oxford 
ApoBo (0865 244544); TUBS, 
Hammersmith Odeon, 

London W6 (01-748 4081) 

Wed, Colston Hail. Bristol 

Bob Hoskins (above) in fine 
form as the bemused" chauffeur 
to a high-dass prostitute. 
Odeon Haymarkat (01-930 



A BETROTHAL: Ben Kingsley 
and Geraldine James in the 
world premiere of a play by 
Lanford Wilson, directed by 
Alison Sutdiffe. Late nights 
only, at one of the smallest 
Fringe theatres In London. 

The Man In the Moon. 392 
Kings Road. London SW3 (01- 
351 2876). Previews Fri, Sep 
27, 28. Opens Sep 30. 


farce, directed by Michael 
Rudman, with Nigel 
Hawthorne, Gemma Craven, 
Nicholas Le Provost, Graeme 
Henderson, Frank Lazarus, 
Alison Fiske. Jeffry Wickham. 
Lyttelton (01 -928 2252) 
Previews Mon, Tues. Opens 
Wed. In repertory. Thurs, Fri. 

OUR LADY: The Women's 
Theatre Group in a 
“blasphemous thriller" by 
Deborah Levy. Three present- 
day women claim to be Our 
Lady. They are tried for heresy 
by a representative of the Holy 
Inquisition, summoned from 
the 15th century. London 

Drift Hall Arte Centre, 16 
Chenies Street London WC1 
(01 -637 8270) Opens Tues. 

TALK TO ME: William 
Humble's play about 

Michael C^ark (above) and his 
company go to New Yprk 

Sadler's wells (01-278 

Imminent Dancers Group has 
one more performance 
tonight at The Place (01-387 
0031) ■ 


OPERA: The latet cut-price 
preview performance on 
Tues at 7.30pm of Jonathan 
Miller's new, un-Japanese 
Mikado: then the first night on 
Sep 27, with Richard Angas 
in me title role, stgiported by- 
Richard Van AUan as Pooh 
Bah and Lesley Garrett as 
Yum-Yum. Peter Robinson 
conducts. Two performances 
of Miller's rather heavy- 
handed Figaro on Wed and Frf 
at 7pm, and two last 
chances to see if t mvatore 
tonight and Thurs at 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 31 61) 

HRELAM): A new season with 
new artistic management is 
underway, with Ariadne on 
Naxos tonight. Wed and Frf, 
with Rita Culfis, Nan Christie. 
Ekfdwen Harrhy, Kenneth 
Woofttam and Geoffrey Dolton. 
Then on Tues. Thurs and 
Sep 27, Christopher 
Renshaw’s new production 
of Verdi’s Fatstaff, conducted 
by Kenneth Montgomery, 
with Helen walker and Patric k 
Power. All perform a nces 
start at 7.30pm. 

Grand Opera, Belfast ‘ 

(0232 241919) 



when Birmingham's 
co n te mp orary artists put on 
exhibitions and open theft' 
studios to the pubfc. All over 

FOr information: 73c Church 
Road, Moseley, Birmingham 
(021 449 5895) from today until 
next Sunday. 

exhfoition of Surrealist art, 
including painting, sculpture, 
photo graph y, film and 
teteviston, right through to 
advertisements today. 

Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, 
Alexandra Road, Swansea.- 
(0792 55006) from today. 
TAUROMAOUUL- Sixty prints 
by Goya and Picasso on the 

many Ravel songs, some 

Wfamore HaH. 36 Wfomore , 
Street London W1 (Ot- 
935 2141) Today. 7 -30pm. 

Beethoven s Piano Concerto 
No 4 with the LSO; Rafael 
Frahbeckde Burgos also 
conducts Debussy^ 

. Nocturnes and the 191 9 • 
version of Stravinsky's 

Barbican Centre, Silk 
Street London EC2 (01- 
628 8795, credit cards 01- 
638 8891). Today, 7.45pm. 

Academy of St Mardn-in-the- 
Ftakte, (Storusand soloists 
under Sir Neville Marriner 

Ow^mia^Ss Coreifi 
Fantasia Concertante. 

Royal Festival HaH, South 
Bank, London SE1 (pi- 
928 3191, credit cards 01- 
928 8800) Tues. 7.30pm. 

Nash Ensemble plays 
Denisov’s Sextet 
Tchaikovsky'e Sotivenkde 

Wigmore HadLWed, 7.30pm. 

MORE MAHLER: Giuseppe 
Sinopofi conducts the 
PhOftermonta Orchestra in 
Mahler's Symphony No 8, 
which takes up the.whole 

Royal Festival Haft. Wed, 


Maxim Shostakovich conducts 
the LSO in tes father's Age 
of Gold Suite, Symphony No 
15, Lynn Harrell solos in 
CeUo Concerto No 1, afl to 
mark the 80th anniversary . 

of the composer's birth. 

Barbican Centre. Thurs, 

concert to launch the London 
International Piano 
Competition finds Sir Colin 
Daws conducting the ECO 
in Mozart's G minor Symphony 
K 550, Radu Lupu soloing 
In the C minor Concerto K 491. 
Queen Bizabeth HalL 
Thurs, 7.45pm. 

PREVIN/RPO: Andrft Previn 
takes the RPO through 
Rossini's ItaSana htMgeri 
Overture, Rachmaninov’s 
Symphony No 2, and 
Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto. 
Royal Festival Hall. Fri, 



first chance 

Perry Como of the Eighties. 
Tomorrow. Liverpool 
Empire (051 7091555): Mon. 
Manchester Apoto (061 643 

ROD STEWART: Enjoying a 
new lease of Bfe. 
Wed/Thurs. WemUey 
Arena (01-902 1234) 







THEATRE: Postal bookings 
opened this week, for new 
ballet by Siobhan Davies, 
and London premieres of 
Interrogations anA 
Ceremony. Nov 18-Oec 6. 
Sadler’s Wells. Rosebery _ 
Avenue, London EC1. (01-278 

EUROPE: Series of concerts . 
by London Bach Orchestra; 
tracing Bach's music through 
his travels to Leipzig. 

Venice, Rome, Paris, 
Mannheim and Vienna. Oct 
3-June 1987. . 

Queen Elizabeth HaH, 

South Bank. London SE1 . (SI- 
928 3191. credit cards 01- . 


PRINT biennale: Selection 
from Britain's most exciting 
print exhibition held in 
Bradford. Ends tomorrow. 
Victoria & Albert Museum, 
South Kensington,.London 
SW7(01 589 6371) 

For tfefcetmflabittty, performance and opening times, 
telephone tbe mnnbers listed. Filins: Geoff Brown; 
Theatre: Tony Patrick and Martin Cropper; Rock & Jazz: 

Richard Williams; Opera: Hilary Finch; Dance: John 
Perdvafc Galleries: Sarah Jane Cheddand; Concerts: Max 
Harrison; Bookings: Ame Whitehonse 


PRIVATE UVE^The Prince and 
Princess of W^es are the subject of 
a two-part ITV pfpffla presented 
by Alastair BurijetjFor the first time 
the cameras were allowed behind 
the scenes to ca$i ffiefr off-duty 
moments. Tomorrow, 7.45- 
850pm, and Mtxiday, 7 130-8.30 pm. 


stars with John Malkovfch hi 
(PG>, the true story of an ■ . . 

American journalist’s search for the 
truth about his mother’s death ■ 
during the Greek civil war of the 
1 940s. Cannon Haymarket (01- - 
839 1527), from Friday- 


1 v «gp^p 


theme of the bullfight 
Warwick Arte Trust 33 
Warwick Square, London SW1 
(01-834 7856) from WSd. 

exhibition from the National 
Museum, Nuremberg of 
ceramics influenced by 
Bauhaus teaching. 

The Victoria and Albert 
Museum, South Kensington 
(01-589 6371) from Wed. 


of painting by the controversial 
New York artist Whitechapel 
Art Gaftery. Whitechapel High 
Street London El (0^ 

377 0107) 

PICASSO: Excerpts from the 
175 personal sketchbooks 
kept by the master. 

- The Royal Academy, PfccadRy, 
London W1 (01-734 9052) 

Archaeological survey of 
London resulting from recent 
research. ' 

Museum of London, London 
Wall, London EC2 (01- 
600 3699) 


"W" melda Staunton teUs a 

■ good talc against herself. 

B In younger, rounder 
-*-.days. when her now slen- 
der 5fl frame weighed in. at 9 
stone I lib. she attempted to 
lake to the air in Exeter as a re- 
plete Cinderella. As her part- 
ner in levitation strained to 
raise her to neater heights, a 
loud groan of sympathy came 
from tbe audience. 

Blit worse was to follow. 
Persuaded by a fellow per- 
former to delight a little girt in 
the foyer who was demanding 
to meet Cinders herself, she 
approached the young sup- 
plicant and revealed- ter 
pantomime identity. The' 
child, looking as though she 
was faced with a pumpkin 
rather than a fairy princess, 
burst into tears of disbelief 

I, too, had difficulty in 
recognizing I melda Staunton, 
only the morning after I had 
seen her play the leading role 
of Bess Bridges in the Royal 
Shakespeare Company’s latest 
riotous production^ The Fair 
Maid of the West. The two 
parts of Thomas Heywbod's 
comic . Elizabethan “epic" 
have been cut and cobbled 
together, with songs added to 
taste, and given the run- 
around -of every' aisle and 
gallery in Stratford's splendid . 
new small theatre, the Swan. 

On stage Miss Staunton's 
hair was kempt, tamed, in 
tune with her controlled, neat 
presence — ever ready to make 
great leaps in tone or motion 
but on her terms. Off stage, 
with pale skin and bright blue 
eyes, she was dwarfed by a 
savage abundance of pale 
russet hair, resplendent in its 
havoc like a' trampled ripe 
harvesL The effect was rather 
like that of Janis Joplin play-, 
ing Medusa. 

Imdda Staunton is far pret- 
tier than was Janis Joplin and 
very much less socially ven- 
omous than. Medusa,, but if . 
there was ever an actor with 
the range to play both of them- 
jt is she. Since leaving RADA 
in 1976 her roles have in- 
cluded Electra and St Joan in 
EAeicn an acclaimed Piaf in 
Nottingham: two stints as the 
nasally melodious Miss Ad- 
elaide in Richard Eyre's 
production of Guvs and Dolls 

leUs a Tinbkfo:Shllinfrill V . she -confesses. Though very 
5 critical of her own woric ana. 

mlpc'haw rsintevT own admission, a bad 

roies oavc rangea auditioner.sbe does exude an 

+ ■ extrovert, humorous con- 
rrom einaereMa to fidence. No doubt she has. 

c T T — T7Z , ■ - neided it to play Bess Bridges. 

Piaf. Now It S her Most of the rest of the cast 

, , - - 7 have been at Stratford since 

• aebutatstratioro February but she has just been 
: . ; . - • brought in for this production, 

The Ringing Detective, 
which stars Michael Gambon. 

approiaL which brought 'Etei:.' ^ 

from GindereUa to 

the Laurence Olivier award 
for best supporting actress. 
Ste appeared with Deborah; 

which stars Michael Gambon. 
Her first weekat Stratford was 
“a bit like going to uni- 
VeratyT.-She could- not social- 
ize with other members of the 
cast 1 in the evening because 

aneappea^.wiini^an;.. theywtte in other productions 

so* ^ bribed them to be my 
was ihe first wonmn ev^r.^ frferidswnh.a party". 


GLASS EYES: PtiBip Glass, the 
guru of systems music, brings his 
ensemble back to London.with 
exerpts from his operas Einstein on 
me Beach and Akhnaten, plus 
music written for the choreographer 
Twyla Tharp. Royal Albert Hall 
(01-589 8212), Friday. 




To be. or not to be? That is the 
question surrounding the fu- 
ture of the Globe Theatre at 

Despite an outright victory 
in the High Court earlier this 
year which allowed American 
actor/manager Sam Wana- 
makerto triumph over South-, 
wark Council — they wanted 
to use his South Bank site for 
housing — the decision as to 
whether the theatre can ac- 
tually j)c built has landed back 
in ihe council's hands. This is 
because Wanamaker's original 
planning application, to bqikl 
a reproduction of Shakes- 
peare's theatre, ran out of 
time, so he has to re-apply. 
And Southwark Council just 
so happens the planning 
authority to which he has to 
apply. Wanamaker says the 
council is itself out of time and 
therefore the Department of 
the Environment will have 
ovefan’ responsibility for set- 
ting the- argument I estimate 
it has so far cost Wanamaker 
17 years of his life, and the 
oouneiL£9 minion — in buying 
the land to thwart Wanamaker 
among other ihinjp — to reach 
this impasse. 

Yes, ho photo 

Contributing if not artistically 
then at least materially to the 
art of photography, the Duke 
of York will be hanging about 
a West End street this morn- 
ing while a plaque is unveiled 
on the wall of the 
Photographer's Gallery. 
Through his good offices Dr 
Hacking Wong, of Halina 
Cameras, has contributed 
£250.000 towards the pur- 
chase of a home for contem- 
porary ‘ photography. 
Afterwards York will host a 
lunch for 200 at the Law 
Society to thank Dr Wong for 
his kindness, but although all 
eyes will be on the flames 
haired Duchess there is a rigid 
rule: no cameras. 

• Don't say hedoesn't 
explore the boundaries of art: 
David Hockney is 
currently at work using an 
entirely new artistic ' 
medium. It is the photocopier. 

Luce talk 

With all the arty begging bowls 
being polished following Rich- 
ard Luce's chilling statement 
on .Ans Council cuts last week, 
the Medici Quartet have come 
up with a spiffing wheeze: 
after their performance at the 
Queen Eliza bah Hall on 
October 7 they intend to 
auction off the entire quartets 
of Beethoven. Sponsors wiH 

play Lucky in Waiting; for 
Godot . in a production at tbe 
Midland's -Art Centre. 
also flexes -her beautiful, sing- 

^e j^tiy enjoys working 
with Trevor Noon: “Trevor's 
very good with>a. company. 
Hg's- wonderful on text and 

rag voice in a-pub band run by,. "I - ■jf" 1 . ■“ 

the designer^Bill Dudley, 
which goes under the ,qnajmt> 
name o?M6rris Minorandtte 

Austin Sevens- No doubt ste. ; she. admits as great entertain- 

name of Morris Minor and the 
Austin Sevens. No doubt she. 
could easily change gearjb 
give us Joplin's celebrated 
“Oh Lord won'tyoii buy m&a 
Mercedes Benz"? . . , . ... d 
She learnt to' change tier 
voice at an early age:, T be 
daughter of immigrant. Irish . 
parents, she was a 

l mem rather than a great play, 
gives ample scope for boni 
qualities. The eompany obv) 
oiisly.eqioy.f^ “Every<rae'sgol 
a gootfSfrccdf the iray." * ■ 
Married to the aaor and 
sometime comic magician, 
Jim Carter, who was also in 

London convent which .gave :Ga\s and Dolls and the Sing- 
all its charges efoanion . ing Detective. I melda Stauo- 
lessons. ion is understanding' and 

T hese developed -tater- ..of ’ her fellow, 

into drama^tosotb. ’^® fess .^ n ^ ^ v °S fe 
The young, “better" SS°r Micbad _ Gambon: 
spokenfcfiss Stairo- 1 th ? nk is 

ton was encouraged fo apply . SSJhTJSS'P'Jlf 

for drama schocTshe enioyed «wnk its a Woody good laugh 

for drama schooL She enjoyed 
“a truly -wonderful couple, ol 
years at RADA”, after which 
ihe was soon thrust into major 
roles. “Giver that amount of 
responsibility early on made 
me woric vety hard. I thought I 
bad to cany the can even if I 
wasn't very s>0d at iV 
When stepteyed Dectfa the 
director. Richard DigJiy Day 
who had latighi! her at d rartta 
school, add& to her vocal 
range by senffing het back to 
RADA forfeteonsto lower her 
pitch. Wted’sbe played Piaf 
she praCTised^the songs for t0 
months. “After Piaf I thought 
I could do ariyihMig. - 
"Bluff is my. middle name". 

and be .brillhraL has great 
respect for the piece and great 
disrespect.” . r 
Ten years since her first job 
playing Goldoni's The Mis- 
trtss of the Inn at, the Swan in 
Worcester, Imelda Staunton 
finds herself playing the mis- 
tress of anoiher iitnjn smother 
Swan theatre. .It '& a great 
opportunity for ter to show 
again that she ten both be 
brilliant :and fiave,'ia good 


The FairMakfofthe Whst " : 
opens.ortTues attbe.Swan, .. 
Sfratford-upoivAvdh (0789- 
2956^) in repertory: 

Lace and Beethoven 
have their name attached to a 
particular quartet each time 
the Medici , plays it over the 
next three or four years. 
Curiously the going rate 
depands on the quartet: 

? ^*-^00 minimum on 
Op 18. but a £3.500 minimum 
on Op l_7. The Medici’s 
explanation is zanv: "Some 
are more difficult than others 
to perform" but they are 
serious in their intenL “We 

Sf 6 » r £ e £40.000 which 
will then be matched pound 
for pound by the 

Court short 

w l!mc En Bl>sh 

Stage Company will celebrate 

;?0 j'cars at the Roval Court 
Theatre. Bui for how much 
longer will they be there" 
Their lease on the Sloane 

S„ U ^ bu, din «' P^hed M- 

fErn* 0V " a hideously 

BS'-5SF ?if ,,on * in 

ivmj and there arc dark 

muttenngs within the £ 

f n ^,^ uhcvshouldm °“To 

a more contemporary (i e 
cheaper) spot. Tte 

Christopher WUson 






U vote 

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’ >% *•■ ».• il 
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in oil 

L-2fesarS*i— — - SSji- Jfc < 





September 1ft The Prince of 

v al * s ’ Commodore, Royal 
Yacht Thames Yacht Club, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this evening attended the 

America’s Cup Ball at Grosve- 
nor House, Park Laos. W.l. 

Miss Alexandra Loyd and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard. RN were in 

The Princess of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Dr Bamardo's. today vis- 
ited Barnardo House, 
Rarfcingside, Ilford, Essex. 

, Richard Aylard, RN was in 

September 18: The Duke of 
Kent, Grand Master of the 
United Grand Lodge of En- 
gland. today attended the Re- 
dedication Ceremony of the 
Grand Lodge of Scotland on the 
occasion of its 250ih anniver- 
sary in Edinburgh. 

His Royal Highness, who 

• AND 

travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen s Flight, was attended by 
Sir Richard Buckley. 

The Duchess of Kent today 
visited the Ford Motor Coni 
pany, Halewood, and later 

ST!!? *55 S® 1 * 15 Care Ccmre 
for the Wallasey Council for 
Voluntary Service, Merseyside. 

j'?!'® 1 Highness, who 
Ravelled in an aircraft of The 
Queens Flight, was attended by 
Mrs Peter Wilmoi-Siiwdl. 

The Princess of Wales will visit 
the Courts ulds Leisurewear De- 
sign Studios at 21 Redan Place. 
London, on October 2. 

The Princess of Wales will open 
the new kidney dialysis unit at 
the West General Hospital, 
Edinburgh, on October 6. 

Princess Anne win attend _ 
dinner at the Bank of F.n pfyn* 
on October 6. 

Princess Alexandra, accompa- 
nied by the Hon Angus O] 
will visit the United States 
October 22 to 28. 

Opening the door on truth 

Wittgenstein tells a story 
about a man’s attempt to 
escape from a room. He tries 
the window, the chimney and 
a panel leading to a secret 
passageway but to no avail. 
But as he sits down in despair 
he notices that the front door 
has been open all the time. 
That is what conceptual 

slaughtered by one awkward 

Preachers and others who 
think about religion often talk 
as if there is a straight choice 
between fundamentalism, 
which preserves the original 
text but in hopeless obscuran- 
tism. and liberal theology — 
Professor Refined-Mind 

that, because the meaning else - as the Logical Posiiiv 
cannot be separated from the ists vainly believed - but la 11- 
text, we must leave the words guage that embodies 
of scripture on a pedestal of (incarnates) the meaning. It is 
incomprehensibility. Nothing not a case of the Correspon- 

confusion is like, and nowhere again — which in seeking to 

A service of thanksgiving for Mr 
Nigel Slock will be held tomor- 
row ai Si PauTs. Covent Gar- 
den, at 1pm. 


Mr W J JL Falconer Hall . 
and Miss J-H. Stone 
The engagement is announced 
between William John Han nay. 
eldest son of the late Lieutenant- 
Commander J.H. Falconer Hall 
and of Mrs Falconer Hall, of 
Biddcsionc. Wiltshire, and Ja- 
4 ■ net Hazel, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D.M. Stone, of 
Whitchurch, Bristol. 

Dr S J. Hughes 
and Miss S.M. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between Steven, son of Ken and 
Sylvia Hughes, of Eaton Bray, 
Bedfordshire, and Siobhan, 
daughter of Charles and Any 
Brown, of Heath, Gudift 

Mr P.P.C. Hutton 
and Miss NJVLK. Nonidge 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Pierre, only son of 
Mr and Mrs P.N.B, Hutton, of 
Canberra. Australia, and Nicola 
k. Mararetha Kate, only daughter 
• of Mr K. Nonidge, MBE, and 
Mrs Nonidge, of BaughursL 

Mr A. Madiselti 
and Miss N.G. Torre U 
The engagement is announced 
between A run, eldest son of Mr 
P. Madiselti, FRCS. and Mrs 
T.M. Madiselti. of Wimbledon, 
London, and Nicole, only 
daughter of the late Mr LA.FJB. 
Turret!, of Rye. Sussex, and Mrs 
M. Finch, of Wimbledon, 

Mr R. Packer 
and Miss PAS Russell 
The engagement is announced 
between Ronald, eldest son of 
. Mr and Mrs P. Packer, of 
Peppermint Grove. Perth. West- 
ern Australia, and Philippa 
Anne Scotney. elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs BJS. Russell. ofThe 
Hundred House, Birdbam, West 
' Sussex. 

Mr P-A. Ranger 
and Miss A-M. Finch 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick Alexander, 
younger son of Mr and Mrs AJ. 
Ranger, of Andover, Hamp- 
shire. and Angela Marie, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.A 
Finch, of Gerrards Cross, 


Mr G. Cole 
and Miss P-J. Heath 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, August 30. in Nor- 
wich Cathedral of Mr Gary 
Cote, only son of Mr and Mrs 
Eric Cole, of Brier ley Hill, West 
Midlands, and Miss Philippa 
Janet Heath, only daughter of 
Dr and Mrs Ian Heath, of 
Copley Gate. Halifax. Nuptial 
Mass was coneeJebraied by 
Canon Colin Beswick. Canon 
Claude H. Palfrey and Father 
Douglas Cobb. 

The bride was attended by 
Pamela Titus, lsobel Wilson, 
Lesley Cole, Oliver Antrobus 
and Sammy Antrobus. Mr Si- 
mon Lote was best man. 

Mr F.AJR. Hondey 
and Miss R-J.K. Waldron 
The marriage between Mr An- 
drew Huntley and Miss Rachel 
Waldron took place on August 
30 at St Helen’s. Bishopsgate. 
Canon Michael Wilson offici- 
ated, assisted by Prebendary 
Dick Lucas. 

The bride was attended by 
Miss JoJo Waldron, Miss 
Antonia Marti neau, Harriet 
Best, Poppy Huntley, Rebecca 
Waldron and Simon Waldron. 

The reception was held at St 
Andrew Undershaft. 

&A. St J. Miller, 

and Dr F. Vella 

The marriage took place on 
September 13, in Westminster 
Cathedral of Major Simon 
Miller, son of Brigadier Aubrey 
Miller and therlate Mrs Miller, 
and Dr Fiona Vella, second 
daughter of Colonel and Mis 
Ethel waki Vella. Mgr J.P. 
Mahony officiated. The bride 
was attended by Mis$ Anne 
Vella and Mr Kenneth Temple 
was best man. 



more so than in the question 
of the meaning of religious 

Theologians behave as if ibe 
language of religion can be 
explained. That is a mistake 
generated out of hubris, a 
mistake which the Wittgen- 
stein ian method in philosophy 
immediately exposes. For re- 
ligious language i$ a form of 
words — the highest Form — 
and that is why we call that 
sort of language “religious". Il 
follows that if religious lan- 
guage can be explained, be put 
more plainly and better ex- 
pressed. then the highest lan- 
guage is not that or religion 
but of what explains religion. 
That cannot be so. It is as if we 
were to say that what Profes- 
sor Refined-Mind says about 
the parable of The Prodigal 
Son is more important than St 
Luke’s texL 

In feet, the text must be 
basic. That is where all the 
litcralists and fundamentalists 
stand up and applaud: but 

•explain" the text renders it 
spiritless, empty of. religious 
power. Bui there is a better 

Meanings are not to be 
located “behind" or “beyond" 
the text at all. But how often 
the theologian or preacher 
tails as if they were. Thou- 
sands of sermons on .the Good 
Samaritan say something like: 

", and so what Jesus meant 

is that we must love and care 
not only for our friends but for 
our enemies and the alienated 
strangers, etc". To which the 
reply is “If Jesus bad meant 
that, why didn’t he say that?" 
Whereas he refused to give an 
account of the higher ethical 
doctrine which ought to 
underlie social practice; he 
told a story instead 
The story is always better 
than the discourse because it is 
not abstract principle but 
morality incarnated in per- 
sons. That is why novels give 
us deeper, more realistic 
moral leaching than the trea- 
their glee is premature. For use on utilitarianism, or any 
their insistence on the literal other "ism". We must not say. 

meaning of- biblical texts is 
itself an explanation. It is 
therefore presumptuous. 
There is no sense in which 
religious language in general 
can be explained, as if the 
Bible were one coherent 
"message". It is nob For the 
author of (say) Hebrews be- 
lieves that the world is perme- 
ated by a wonderful order, the 
writer of Ecclesiastes some- 
times sounds as bleak as Sam 
Beckett St John gives us a 
triumphant Christ on the 
crass who calls out “It is 
accomplishedT* St Mark 
records only the words “My 
God, why has Thou forsaken 
me?" So the comprehensive 
literalistic interpretation is 

of Shakespeare's play, "That’s 
what Julius Caesar means — 
it’s all about the dire con- 
sequences of ambition". That 
would be an insult to the 

How much more reticence 
is called for when we try to 
comment on the parables of 
the gospels — the Divine fic- 
tion. The same goes for the 
story of the cross and the 
resurrection only, as it were, 
more so. The Passion nar- 
ratives are incomparably 
more "meaningful" than any 
mere theory of the atonement. 
What would it mean for 
religion if the reverse were 

All that is not to suggest 

of the son. But we must 
relearn an activity which the 
modern world has long since 
despised and rejected 

That is. weshould not seek 
to comprehend religious 
texts — again, what would it 
say about us if we claimed to 
be able to comprehend re- 
ligion?— but to appropriate 
them. That will involve learn- 
ing by heart, concentrating 
upon pace and rhythm, devot- 
ing ourselves to the task as 
“whole men wholly 
attending”. In this way. the 
texts become part of us, build 
us. “by patience and comfort 
of thy holy wont-" We do not 
comprehend them, but they 
comprehend us. 

Liberal hackles rise. Why 
those particular texts? Why 
those stories and not other 
more modern, more 
“enlightened" stories? To 
which the answer must be, 
because they are true. True not 
as checkable, "verifiable" or 
"falafiable" as of hypotheses 
and theories; but true in the 
sense that they sum us up, Id) 
us what it is to be a human 
being in the world. 

When we appropriate our 
religious texts by heart — how 
revealing it is that the modern 
world speaks not of "by heart" 
but “by rote”, thus fulfilling 
all Lawrence’s, dark proph- 
ecies about human life in the 
image of the machine — we 
find that they truly describe 
us, search us out and know us. 
And we know as we are 
known: reader and text — 
deep calls unto deep. 

The words of our religion 
are true in the deepest sense — 
that is, they are true poetry. 
And poetry is not a bit of 
prettiness tacked on to a 
theory about man’s nature. 
Poetry is "language charged 
with meaning to the greatest 
possible extent". Not language 
that points to a meaning 
which is located somewhere 

dence Theory of Truth but of 
words as icons. 

Bui that is something of an 
oversimplification: for the fact 
is that all explanations are in 
some degree stories. The 
much preferred modern sto- 
ries, those of science, explain 
much; but they do not provide 
a language of numinous power 
which alone can sustain us. 
which alone can do justice to 
those half-articulated ecstasies 
and agonies which constitute 
our lives at the deepest level 

Or are we to suppose that 
scientific attempts to explain 
human personality — 
behaviourism for instance, 
intellectually discredited yet 
still universally taught in the 
academy — are to be preferred 
above St Paul and St Augus- 
tine? Beside the spiritual in- 
sights of those witnesses, what 
is scientific psychology, 
stimulus/response, operant 
conditioning and The empty 
organism" except a Tale told 
by an idiot.-.signifying 

Religious, spiritual meaning 
and true psychology — how it 
is with humankind — are to be 
discovered and appropriated 
in the religious culture of the 
Christian epoch. All those 
paintings, the music of Bach 
and Mozart, the literary tra- 
dition of the West which is 
variations on the biblical 
theme of suffering and hope — 
that is where meaning is to be 
found, teased out in Tear and 
trembling. It is all so acces- 
sible. Even in those disjointed 
times there is a Bible m most 

We are lucky to find that, 
beyond all the glib 
"explanations", the stuff that 
can really nourish us is still 
intact. As W.H. Auden once 
said. "Why spit on our luck?" 

Peter Mullen 

Vicar of Tockwiih, Worth 


TODAY: Mr John Dankworth, 
3ft. the Very Rev George Earle, 
SJ, 61; Mr Justice Falconer, 72; 
the Right Rev GCW. James, 
60. Miss Sophia Loren, 52; Sir 
Duncan McDonald, 65; Profes- 
sor R.M.H. McMinn, 63; Sir 
Stuart Milner-Barry, 80. Sir 
David Nicolson, 64; the Right 
Rev Kenneth Riches, 78; Sir 
John Whitehead, 54; Mr Fred 
Winter, 60. 

TOMORROW: Mr Austen 
Altai, 83; Lord Barnard, 63; 
Miss Shirley Conran, 54; Gen- 
eral Sir Timothy Creasey. 63; 
Miss Mary . Fetherston-Dilke, 
68; General Sir John* Gibbon, 
69; Professor J.M. Ham. 66; 
Professor Hugh Uoyd-Jooes, 
64; Sir tan MacGregor, 74; Sir 
Peter Matthews, 64; Sir William 
Nield, 73; Mr P.GJX Robbins, 
53; Miss Jean Robertson, 58; 
Canon Graham Routledge, 59; 
Professor Bernard Williams, 57; 
Mr Jimmy Young, 63. 

Service reception 

RAF Bentley Priory 
Air Vice-Marshal MJJ2. Stear, 
Air Officer Commanding, No 11 
Group, and Mrs Stear were 
hosts at the annual Battle of 
Britain cocktail party held at 
RAF Bentley Prioiy. The guests 
included Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Peter Harding, AOC-in-C RAF 
Strike Command. 

Service dinned 

Lord Brougham and Vane 

Lord Brougham and Vaux 
entertained officers of the Royal 
Army Ordnance Corps (Tem- 
torial Army) and their ladies at 
dinner in the House of Lords 
last night. Colonel D.S. Hall, 
Colonel, RAOC TA, welcomed 
the guests. 


HM Government 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, QC, Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign 'and 
Commonwealth Affairs, was 
host at a luncheon held yes- 
terday at 1 Carlton Gardens in 
honour of the French 

Variety Chib of Great Britain 
Mr Hairy Goodman, Chief 
Barker of the Variety Club of 
Great Britain, presided at a 
luncheon held yesterday at the 
Hilton hotel in honour of Mr 
Frank Bruno. The other speak- 
ers were Mr Eamonn Andrews, 
Mr Bob Bevan, Mr 
Carpenter, Mr Aon Ho 
Ron Moody- andJMl& Tessa,. 
Sanderson. ‘ ’ • ' 

Service luncheon 

The Qneea’s Royal Surrey 

The Officers’ dub of The 
Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment 
held their ladies luncheon at 
. Clandon Park, Surrey, yes- 

y. Mr 

lerday. The president. Colonel 
J.W. SewelL presided. 


Royal Orer-S eas Leagne 
Captain John Rumble, Direc- 
tor-General of the Royal Over- 
Seas League, presided at a 
dinner held at the Gleddoch 
House Hotel, Langbank, 
Renfrewshire, last night. Dr 
Graham Hills, Principal and 
Vice-Chancellor of Strathclyde 
University, was the guest of 

Association of Anae st hetists 
The Association of 
Anaesthetists of Great Britain 
and Ireland held then- annual 
dinner at Plaisterers* Hall last 
night. Professor Michael Rosen, 
president, and Mrs Rosen re- 
ceived the guests. Among those 
present wire: 

Viscount Tonypantfy. Sir (>dt CJoO»- 
ter. QC. Professor Sir Gordon *™i 
Lady Robson. Dr and Mn Pew 
Din nick. Or and Mrs Dougin* Howat. 
Dr and Mm Cyril Scuit. and Professor 
Mid Mr* Anthony Ctarr. 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Christopher Robert Chope, 
MP for Southampton lichen, to 
be a parliamentary under-sec- 
retary of state in the Depart- 
ment of the Environment 
Canon Professor John Bowker. 
Dean of Trinity College. Cam- 
bridge, to be president of Chris- 
tian Action on AIDS; 

Mr Barnaby MOn. a member of 
the General Synod of the 
Church of England, to be chair- 
man of its council. 

Mr Brian Rawlins, aged 50. 
director of public relations at 
Reele University, to be chair- 
man of the Standing Conference 
oFUniversity In" — 
cers for 1986/87 

Latest wills 

Lydia Fanny Matthews, of 
Osseiu West Yorkshire, left 
estate valued at £1,475,233 net. 
Action is being taken in the 
High Court concerning the 
validity of the will 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

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or telephoned Iby tel epho ne subs- 
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5 JUptn Mondav to Friday, o a Snmr- 
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Please alto* al lean 4S boon before 

• mui a mb oive «we artoWW the 
uui mw "WJi “C 1 J ny 
vhatKm onio me end m tne r«m- 
Noun 49. O 


KC6 - On September 15th. « 
HMtherwood HonpUaL AKOt- » 
Sally I nee Stewart) and Alajva son. 
Henry Slrwnrt. a OtbUW for 
Jonathan . _ 

BISHOP On September lift. ■ » 

Tltrey) and avrwiwher. 
ten Lucre 

Cabnrlh- Susanna Morse, ststers w 

Cnartrs and Hugo 

MOWN - On September lorn, jo 
a*r? in* MlWlJrt ^ 

joiuuinmburq- South Africa, a 
tuuohlrr. Julie. 

ggWURY ■ On September 17Ui. u> 
Carmine and Michael, a son. 
CARNOCK • On September ism. 
(uyti, to Diana, wlte ot Vlsrount 

Cut nor k. a daughter. 

EDGUCT-PriNVM ■ On September 
fan. to Penny and Mtcnaet.* 
daughter. Charlotte Alexandra- 
HARPER - On July OP*. I aa San An?; 
mo. Tew. to ArMMtoe 
jims Mimarl, a daugWer-Hriema 
rum Mstrr to Charlotte. Tr*traro and 

HUNT !*On September 60i- 1986. » 
hLHihowand Ataon. a soy. Edward 
peter William. 

JONES On September » I*. 
mre Rowling *nd Marlin, a daugh- 
ter. Cttior Lou he 

lUHDCBSUnr ■ On Septemb er 18th. to 
thurvand cnmlian. a daughiw. 
MONEY - cm Sertcsnbw. u SaU 
.n ** Staples) and 

0M er. a brother for kaw. Tnshl a» 
Jo« v v 

TCVCRSON on September i«h. » 

jojtws (nee CWnr-OgHW nod Paid, a 
daughter. Cathryn rTanees. 
•mhume . On September l8Ut. to 

tSw» and lan. a »n. 

Merit John LLoyd. 

THOMPSON - On September 16th. at 
St CMiyrt HospUaL to Elizabeth 
<nee Rout) and Benjamin, a son. 
MaxtmllUan Hugh Benjamin. 
TURNER - On September IMv b 
Clare and Philip Turner, a daughter, 
a osier lor Louise and Mary. 

WWtTH PW TOH - On September 11th. 
1986. to Owen and Chris, a son. 
John, a brother for Ben. 


MUTTER - By Stephen and Valerie, off 
The Rectory. AJoury. Herts, a daugh- 
ter. Cure Joanna Holly- a stater for 
Geoffrey and Robert. 


BAYLY : JONES - The marriage toot, 
glace on S eptember llHh. at St 
Peters Church. Dorchester, between 
mchard. son of Mr and Mrs E H 
Baylv. of Sheepsior. Devon, and Lea. 
daughter of Jtfr and Mrs J E Jones, 
of Dorchester. 

HURSTON : SCOTT - The marriage 
took utaer on September 13th. 1966. 
al the Church of SI Michael and AD 
aimk-Is. Barton Turf, between Hugh 
Maralon. son of Dr M S Marston and 
Mrs E M Marston and PhfltpM Scott, 
daughter oil Mr and Mrs Jusdn Scott. 

WLSON I NEAL - On September 17th. 
at Uxbridge. Dr David Wttaon ejder 
son pf Captain and Mrs Robwt 
Wilson of Whyieleaf*. » Mb* Linda 
NettL elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
NeaL of Uxbridge. 


trntter 20UL 19 36^ John Edwwd» 
Dorothy June. Now at ovetMtah 
Square- Longflrid. Kant. 


CANTEB ■ On September in. {"ER- 
__ u-iiHai aner a short Hints. 

* 1 1 Brdbh HJRro d. 
rtiahotl Darling wtfa of S2 years of 

SSS!sn* win 

COLUER ■ On 1 6*h September, peace- 
/ulty in PoOle anw 3 
Vkp Marshal Sir Conrad GriUer. 
K CA. C.B.E.. aged 90. Mmudhup 
und of Kathleen and d Mwr 

increased 1 961 >■ dear faUwrofAdm. 
Peter and EtspeUi (deceased 19T6L 

grandfather and gnu ig™«Batt«£ 
nmmi service at the Church or me 
SSSabSE LiiUpuL Poole on TUM 
day asm September at rvoem 
followed by cremation at **•»* OJJJ- 
[SSrom. Family flowew «d». but 
Daltons If desired. for ,lw 

may be sent lo Tapper Fu*w^Ser- 
VkJ,, 32 34 partcsloiw Rd. Poole. 

DAVIES Peacefully on 1801 ®*?J**J‘ 
iLlr at Bronglota HosplW. 

« Dr Elwyn. of 4 Trefor 

Prestdent el ihe 

mrr pemwuwnt Secretanj. . 
SSanmeni, Mhusuv of 

Husband of Ihe »» 
Margaret. Funerat ser>ice » CjW> 
•Jewvdd. LLandellO. Nr Dyfed. 

SM September at 2pm. 
Family nowm only. 

DOUQLA5 - On September ISth. 19B6. 
Gertrude Marie (formerly Brookes), 
peacefully alter a short illness, aged 
82 years, of West Street. Warwick, 
Rcauiem Mass, it st Joseph’s 
Church. WbUnaoh. Le a mington Spa. 
on Friday. September 26th. al 
2.30pm. followed by cremation at 

Oakley Wood Crematorium-, reten- 
tion on Thursday September 25th. al 
6pm. Family flowers only pleas*, do* 
nations If destred. lo Myton Hamlet 
Hospice. Myton Rd, . Warwick. 

- On September 18th. 
peocMully al bone. Lina Adelaide of 
Richmond. Sumy, adored wife of 
Desmond. Cremation win lake place 
at Montana Crematorium at 2.30pm 
on September 26th. Flowers may be 
sent lo T.H. Saunders and Sots. 30 
Kew Road. Richmond. 

ELLIOTT. Dr Stuart Dunemore - On 
Wednesday. September 17th. 1986. 
suddenly In Cambridge. Talented 
and highly rejected fellow of Cor- 
pus Christ! College. Cambridge. 
Funeral Service at Corpus Christt 
College ChapeL Cambridge, on Fri- 
day. September 26th. at lOMam. U 
be fog owed by cremation 

CMVFITH- On September ISth. peace- 
fully. 6 days after Ihefar Golden 
Wedding. Royston Karting, beloved 
husband of Freda. Cr e mation Ser- 
vice lo lake place a* the Woodvaie 
Crematorium. Brighton, on Thurs- 
day 25th September, at 2L30pm. 
Family flowers only, but donations IT 
desired, to the Swedenborg Society. 
c/o Cooper A Sans Funeral Service. 
42 High Street Lewes. East Sussex. 
Tel (0273) 476667 / Uckfleid 3763. 

NAJtMER - On September 17th. at 
home. Cyra, dearly loved husband, 
tauter and grandfather. Funeral 

HUNT • peacefully on Sep temb er ism. 
1986, Ws (wile of the tale R-G. HarL 
Uganda Colonial Servicri. No flow- 
era. QrmaUon private. 

HURMRO - Naomi Day HurtanL 
aPtUL latr at Lady Margaret wl 
O xford. Died 29lti AuguSL 1986. 
afler a short tttness. 

ULMEItanM • On September Ifflh. 
1986. hi London. Princess Henriede 

zu. aged 78 yearn, alter a long Ubiess 

most courageously borne, forttfted 
by Ihe Riles of Holy Church- RJ J.. 
Recidem Mass. Holy Cron Oiurcti. 
Ashlngion Rd. London SW 6 . al nowi 
on Thursday. September 2 S 0 L 
Private burial Iheregner. Flowers lo 
the church. 

SCOTT ■ On September ITth. 1986. et 
Henley kxv Thames. Ian Waiter, aged 
73 years, lowed husband of Aime 
Mary. Funeral al Sacred Heart 
Church. Hentey-otvThames. on 
Wednesday. September 2«tb. at 
l&aoatn. Flowers to Tomato A 
Sons. Henley. 

THOMAS ■ On September 18 th. 1986. 
peacefully at Hindhead. Mary 
fManUp) Georgina Thomas, aged 91 
years. Beloved wife oftho late Brigp- 
dter wunam Thomas, t oying mother 
of Swinion and ip'niwmother of Me- 
lissa end Doniinte- Regutero Mass at 
St Anselm* Church. Bea con HllL at 
1 1 . 16 am. on Wednesday. September 
24th. Flowers to OOUftf O QiMaman 
CraysbotL Surar. 


A E - On September 20Ut 
1967 Arihur Edward, so dearly 
^ hustoffll tod father- MUU - 
rem hta w«e. JWy torn. 1977. 

Church services: 
17th Sunday 
after Trinity 

9-30 Sung Eudi and M: 10-50 
Ordtnadoo of Priests and Deacons. 
Canterbury Service (Piccolo). Rev J A 
Bond: 3.18 E and Adndsalon of 
Choristers (Stanford tat Gj. Remonses 
(Smith). Blessed be the God and 
Father (Wesley): 6-50 ES. Rev R 1 

YCmS?" MINSTER: a 8.45 HC tO 
Sung Euch. Mom Sotanede (Langtalsi. 
O Lord (ixtmv my to (GtbbonsJ. 
Canon John Tour. Chancellor; 11.30 
M (Commemoration o* the Battle of 
Britain) (Stanford tn B). Greeter Love 
hath no man (truudL Rev h Bourne: 
4 E (Stanford In CL Bring us O Lord 
Cod at our last awakening (Hants). 
Very Rev John South gate. 


Altera (<M LassoL Gloria In excosn 
Deo rWMkesL Rev J S W Young: 6E 
and BenediraUon iSumsian tn Q. 
How beauteous are the fed (Stanford). 
Rev G a Redding! on. _ 

ALL .SOULS., LantoamPt: 11 ftaustm 
Fiimiry Service. Rev Richard Bowes; 



T?Deum (Stanford In 
BaU: 3.15 E (Westeyln 
vanae curae (Haydn). 


,^rJLh52 S 1- ALBAIST& Brooke SL SCI: I 
SM: 11 HM.SpaatnessetMorart). 
Lord U my shepherd (Lennox Be 

Rev Peter 
tnsanae et 

ABBEY: 8.1S. ia.16 

HC: 1 1 Battle of Britain TfumUsglvtno 
Service. Greater Love (ireuixu. Ri 
Rei L J Ashton: 3 E,_.Howeus 
Westminster Service. Let ad (he world 
(Vaughan wuuamsL Rev Trevor 
Beeson: 6.30 ES. the Dean. _ 


11 Euch. Mtasa Ortrts (actor (plain - 
song]. Beat! Quorum (Samowi O 
quara glortosum (Victoria). Canon 
Gerald Parrott: 3 E (Walmlstey In D). 
O stag unto the Lord (PuredlL Rev 

STajTlMeJsPfiS?" CATHEDRAL 7. 9. 
9. 12. 3.30. 7 Utei 1030SM. Mfcssa 
VUSi medonn ivlctaiu PM» angel- 
ica (Tippett). D sacrum conviviuni 
iCuerreroj: 3.30. V. MamUlcat 
■Lassus l. QSOJ marts hosua (Boar). 
wark: B. lO. 12.13. 6 LM: 11 HM. to 
Honorero sancti Jooephl (Penenu. 
Ave Verum (Mozart). Rev peter 

creenwich. seio: 11 mp ana hc. 
Praise the Lord, ye servants (J Blow). 


racks. SWI: 11 M. Rev B D Pratt: 12 

tSwER OF LONDON. CC3: 9.13 HC: 
11 M IT D BriOHl In CL Like as the 
dart fHowflsi the ChaOtain. 

WC2: 8.30. 12-13 HC: 11 Sendee of 
Thanksgiving “The Battle of Britain - . 
Jubilate CSIdweu In C Minor). Greater 
Lose hath iso man (Ireland). Lord 

Sung Euch- Rev Tom Martin. 

ALL SAINTS. Margaret SL Wi: 8. 
6.1S LM: 11 KM. Mina BeT AMltrit 


10 Children's Service: 11 M. John 
Suddanbc A E. Preto LeigMon Thom- 

OTRIST CHURCH. QhriMo: 8 HC: 1 1 
Parish Communion: 6E. Rev J Barton. 
Audley St 8.15 HC: 11 Sung Euch. 
Mtasa stmlte est regnum coefcman. O 
gaun gtoriosum (Vkuriax Rev A W 

HOLY TRINITY. Brampton Rd: 830 

HC 1 1 Family Se*TH re. PrcO J T C B 
OotUna: 630 ES. Rev J A K MUtar. 
HOLY TRINITY. Prince consort Rd. 
SW7: 8.30, 12D6 HC; 11 MP. the 

Bishop of Fulham. _ 

HOLY TRINITY, ffloone Sca.SO. 
12.10 HC: 10.30 Euch. Canon Rob- 

ECl: 9-30 
ooart). The 

my shepnero (Lennox Beme- 

tey ). FT Baker: S-50 LM. 

SmllhlVId: 9 HC: II M and HC 
(Britten in CL My ml there tea 
» couatiy (Parry), the Rector: (JO HC 
and Ucendno of Rev Anthony ' Winter. 
O Quam Ooriosum (Victoria), (he 
Archdeacon of London. 

ST BRIDE’S. Fleet St 1 1 M and Euch. 
JuMlate (Ireland In F). Batten Short 
Service. Canon John .OaUK 6^0 E 
(Blow In the Dorian Mode). Bring is. 

0 Lent cod (Harris). Rm Christopher 


ST CUTHBERTS. RUlbeach cans: 



Kirkpatrick: ^ 

Jack Dpmlntan. 


11 Sung Each 

ST JAME5%. Ptecadllty: 800 HC: II 
Suno Euch: .6 Evening Prayer. 

ST JAMESES. Sussex OW 8 HC: 
10.30 Sung Euch. Mtasa Dies 
SancuficatuB (Pauctrintu. 6 E (wood 
in Di- Gtve us the wings of Mth 

gT a K%ks. Chelsea: 8. 12.15 HC: 

10.30 Sung Euch (belaud tn Cl. Give 
us Ihe wings of faith (Bulloch). Rev N 
Wetrr 6.30 E. Slug we merrily 

1 Batten). Rev N W eir. „ 

ST MARGARETS. Westminster HC 
8.15. 12 15: ll M and Sermon. 
Canon Trevor Bemon- 

12.30 HC. Rev PJrtHD --. 

MP. Rev PhMlp Chester: 2.46 Chinese 
Service: 4.15 E: 6.30 Evening Prayer. 
Ohi«i John Cux. 

12.30 HC: 9.30 Son 
11.18 M. Rev S H 

It^mar^S. Bourne SL-9. 9.43. 7 
LM: ti hmT M bsa in F (CaiaaraJ. in 
splrilu humiiilaUa iCroceX, Ave vmm 

corpus (MUaniLFr John Foster: 6.18 
Evensong and Bntemn Benedtclton. 
ST MCHAO.'S. Chrger So; 8.15 HC: 
ll Partsn Communion. Rev D C L 
Prion 730 informal ES 
ST MICHAEL'S. CondllQ: 11 ElKIt 

L Kensington; 8. 
i Euch. (hr vicar. 
I Attend: 0-30 E. 

■Harwood in Ax If any man will 
follow (ThaUsm-Ban). Give ub the 
wings of faith (Bullock). He» David 
Burton Evans. . 

ST PAUL'S., Rotten Adam Sl ii. Rev 
George Caaskbr 6 JSO. Canon Keith de 
Berry. ST PAUL'S. WUton PI: R 9 
Ha U Solemn Euch. Mtasa De 
Angel is (pteinchantl. Te Deum (Wil- 
liam MaliUasl Justorum Ammar 
ALossus)- Rev ACC Courtauld. _ 
ST PETER'S. Eaton So: BT5 H(5 
Family Man: ll SM. BCP in F 
(Darke). Great and MaryeHoua are 
Thy words (Tomkira). Rev D B 

HC: 11 Sung Euch (Palestrina). Silent 
Oervus (Palestrina). Ave vwm fo- 
ga rx Preb John Pearce: 6.30 GP. 
Magnlfirnr (WatmUev in DL O what 
toy iHarrta ). Dra» Anpefa Pear re- 
ST STEPHETfS. GUtucesier Rd: 8. 9 
LM: 1 1 HM. Coinmumon Service m C 
■ Purcell). Rev- Perry BuUer: 6 Sotemn 
Evensong and Betted tchon. Rev Cra- 

tl SM. Communion Service In G 
(Jackson). Help us. O Lord (Copland): 
6 lm and BenedkiUR. 


-30. Rev John C 

KTHHfcKih. ranoeacn ugm 
~IL Sung Euch (Burton inflO 
thetr toy (Harrtai. Rev W J 
at rick: 6-30 Healing Service. Dr 

Hanover So: 8.30 HC 
(Ireland fit Ct. the 


LAND. Pont SU 11. 


LAND. Covenl Carden: 11.15 Rev 
Kenneth _G Huteier: 3 30 .Gaelic 
Service. Rev Wu Bam Campbell. 

ia 12. 4- 6. LM: ll SM. Mtasa brevta 
(PateMTlna). inner Herr Jesus 
Christ in iSchUtt). O Lord God M my 

^kJH4° n s^^T-. 7JSO. 8^0.1 a 
12.16. 4.15. 6.15 LM: 11 HM. Short 
Man (Joctumtl. Strut cervro (PaJe- 

TH^ORATORV. Brompton Rd: 7. B. 
9. 10. 12.30. 430. 7 LM: 11 HM. 

&, (VMTortar' 3^ 

Laudate nomen Domini (Men- 

Our Lady of Loreto iColler]. Salve 

oOfr 1 LADY*^ ’victories. Kbj tang- 
ton High SI: 8. 9. 10. 12.30. 630 LM: 
11HM. Mara for 4 voices (Byrd). 
Sacerriofes Domini iByrdh 3 Chaldean 



CHURCH. Wi: il. Rev Leslie Grtf- 
fllhe: 6.30. Rev Ken Howcrofi 
630 HC. Dr Kenneth Stack. _ 
UOC Tst-tatock Pi: 11. Mrs J P 
Crawshaw; 6.30. Rev J W McMJlter. 
theran). Gresham SI: llHC- 
ST JOHN'S WOOD URC: 9.30, Rev 
John Miller. 

WESLEY'S CHAPEL. City . Pd: 11. 
HarveeiT haniam vi no. Re v Kenneth C 


HALL (Methodist): II. 630. Rev R 


ham Gate: 11. 630. Rev R T Kendall. 

Science report 

Why sharks avoid sole for dinner 

Many fish have ginning ways 
or protecting themselves 
against attack by predators. 
Some rely on camouflage to 
avoid detection, and others 
emit toxic chemicals or give off 
electric shocks in response to 
threatened or actual attac h. 

Some speties of sole appear 
to have a real bdt-and-braces 
defence mechanism to ensnre 
that they wH) not end their 
days on the menu of that most 
foradoos of deep-sea pred- 
ators, the shark. 

The Western Pacific soke, 
Pardachiras paraahtas, se- 
a«« a flmd, from glands 
Iming the dorsal and ana! f w 

that contains no less than four 
toxic substances. 

Scientists in Osaka, Japan, 
have isolated each substance 
and tested the effect of each on 

By Dorothy Bonn 

another speties of fish, the 
kiilifish. The latter dfed within 
half an hour when small 
quantities of the sole's loxk 
substances were added to the 
water in which they were 

One of the substances, 
pavoninin, belongs to the class 
of toxic chemicals known as 
glycosides, which indnde a 

as digitalis. The other three, 
called pardaxins, are simple 
protein-like substances (pep- 
tides), consisting of a chain of 
33 aminoadds. 

One remarkable feature of 

pardaxins is that they are very 
similar to meUitin, the active 
constituent of bee venom, in 
both physical properties and 
mode of action. 

Though such poisons md 

injure or kill woold-be pred- 
ators, that might not happen 
before the sole is itself 
harmed. In those circum- 
stances deterrence is clearly 
better than punishment, and 
the sole's defezme system pro- 
tects the fish effectively by 
warning off hungry sharks 
before they have a chance to 
take a bite. 

When the Japanese sci- 
entists injected a small amoont 
of panfautin solution into the 
month of a docile shark, the 
shark became very agitated 
and tried to escape. By con- 
trast; harmless solutions had 
no such effect 

A gulp of the pavoninm- 
pardaxin cocktail served up by 
the sole will certainly make 
sure that any unwanted vis- 
itors wiH quickly lose their 



Air transport and work in Russia : - 

Air Ministry. But in the- 
■ summer of 1941 hc was back,-; 
again in Moscow as the RAf?- 
member or the military mis-t.* 
si on to the USSR. j* « 

No more suitable ofiicer;- 
coufd have been found. biti- J 
ev en so there was never a vcry]> 
happy understanding with his* ^ 
opposite numbers. In April. * 
1942 he was posied to air r 
headquarters in India, thus 
escaping the worst Russian 
clamour for a Second Front. 

in November 1943 hc re- . 
turned to England as Deputy 
AOC-in-C of Transport Com- •” 
mand. which had developed: 
out of Ferry Command and 
was now learning the new 
tasks imposed by modem war. 
Though the command had io~ 
rely mainly on American air-" 
craft, its importance was rec-.. 
ognized by the Chiefs of Staff, 
and with Lend-Lease help its .. 
development was rapid. Col- ^ 
licr remained as Deputy AOC- 
in-C until the end of the war. .- . 

His last RAF appointment 
was in February 1440. when 
hc was given command of.* 
No.3 Croup. Bomber Com-'-; 
mand. But almost immediate- ' 
ly it was announced that he 
was leaving the service to . 
become dircctor-gencra! (later 
controller) of technical ser- 
vices in the Ministry of Civil 

ll was an appointment for 
which his experience at Trans- 
port Command fitted him 
well, and again, making the 
best use of largely American, 
equipment, he contributed 
ably to the struggling re- 
creation of post-war civil avia- • 
lion. But differences arose on j 
policy matters and. in Fcbru-~ " 
ary 1 945. he tendered his 
resignation to the minister. 1 
Lord Nathan. Later hc became ' 
chief executive of the guided 
weapons division of English 
Electric Aviation Lid, but 
retired in i960. 

As well as his British deco- 
rations he held a number of. 
foreign awards, including the 
French Legion of Honour and 
ihe Croix de Guerre, the 
Dutch Order of Orange Nas- 
sau, and the Czech Order of 
the White Lion. For a lime he 
was a DL ofKem. 

He was a man of quiet 
competence; friendly and po- 
lite. if a little reserv ed. 

He married, first Mary 
Luis, who died in 1961. They ' 
had two sons and a daughter. 

In 1963 he married Kathleen 
Donaghy. who survives him. 

Air Vice-Marshal Sir Con- 
rad Collier. KCB. CBE died 
on September 16. He was 90. 
In the latter part of his service 
in the RAF. and for a short 
period after 1946, he was 
prominently associated with 
air transport. But a striking 
aspect of his career, which few 
or his fellow officers shared, 
was his knowledge and experi- 
ence of Russia. 

Alfred Conrad Collier was 
bom at Randwick, New South 
Wales, on November 16. 
1895, but was educated in this 
country privately and ai 
Sherborne School. He was 
commissioned in the Royal 
Lancashire Regiment in 1914. 
but the following year trans- 
ferred to the Royal Flying 

He went .to France in Au- 
gust 1915 and two months 
later was forced down behind 
the enemy lines and taken 
prisoner. During his captivity 
hc made his first contacts with 

Repatriated al the end of the 
war, he was sent to Northern 
Russia in May 1919, and 
operated from Penaga. After 
that brief episode he returned 
to normal squadron duty with 
a permanent commission, but 
went but to Central Europe in 
1920. serving on the control 
conrmission in Austria and 
later in Hungary. 

Hc came back to England 
late in 1922 and. after an 
interlude at home, on intelli- 
gence duties and squadron 
work, was appointed airadvis- 
er to the Estonian Army in the 
summer of 1928. He studied 
Estonian and later acquired 
complete fluency in Russian, 
in which be became a first- 
class interpreter, as also in 

In 1931 he took the RAF 
Staff College course, and in 
1934 was given command of 
No.12 (Bomber) Squadron. 

But his knowledge of East- 
ern Europe took him away 
again, and in December 1934 
he went to Moscow as air 
attache. Then as now, working 
in the Russian capital was no 
easy task, but Collier was 
more successful than most. 

He relumed to the Air 
Ministry in 1937 and when 
war came was deputy director 
of plans. At the beginning of 
1940 he was in France as 
senior air staff officer to the 
Advanced Air Striking Force, 
and after the fall of France 
relumed briefly to posts in the 


Beppe Croce, president of 
the International Yacht Rac- 
ing Union since 1969, died at 
his home in Genoa on Sep- 
tember 16. He was 71. 

The first non-Anglo-Saxon 
yachtsman lo hold the office, 
Croce combined a life rating 
boats of all classes at the 
highest levels with a distin- 
guished administrative career. 
During his stewardship, the 
IYRU increased its member- 
ship by 50 per cent to 93 
countries, with far-reaching 
effects on the development of 
yacht rating all over the 

He managed several Italian 
Olympic teams, presided over 
a number of Olympic juries, 
organized the 1960 Olympic 
regatta at Naples, and also led 
the first Italian challenge for 
the America’s Cup at New- 
port, Rhode Island, in 1983. 

Andrea Giuseppe Emilio 
Croce was bom in Genoa on 
December II, 1914. At nine 
he received the present of his 
first boat, an international 12- 
foot dinghy. This whetted an 
appetite for competition 
which was to lead him through 
international 5.5-meire, 6-me- 
tre and One Ton competi- 
tions. to the 6-metre 

ateur yachting throughout the 
world, and particularly en- 
couraged it in developing 

In the Olympic sphere his~ 
talents as a diplomat were 
invaluable in reconciling in- 
ternational differences, as the 
Games became increasingly 

Croce was copiously ; 
honoured, but of ail his 
achievements, racing or orga- 
nizing. the one he liked to say 
he most valued was his victory . 
in the Centomiglia race on 

international class in the 1948 *Lake Garda in 1964. After a 
Olympic regatta at Torquay. stormy nighL which strewed 

He was also active in off- 
shore and ocean racing, and 
sailed three times in the 
Fast net race, as well as partici- 
pating in the Bermuda and 
Transpacific races. 

In 1966 be became vice- 
president of the IYRU. and in 
1 969 succeeded Sir Peter Scott 
as its president. His leadership 
led to a period of expansion 
more vigorous than any which 
had occurred since the 
IYRU’s inception in 1 907. His 
enthusiasm did much for am- 

the surface of the lake with 
masts, spars and damaged 
rudders, his boat led home the 
three contestants surviving 
out of an entry of fifty. 

A man of true Genoese 
temper, rather reserved, hos- 
tile to rhetoric or exaggera- 
tion. he lived for sailing and 
always counted his days under 
canvas the happiest of his 

He leaves a widow, 
Umbcrta. two sons and a 


Alfred Fagon, who died of a 
hean attack on August 29. at 
the age of 49, was a remark- 
able actor and. in his work as a 
playwright an influential ex- 
ponent of black writing in this 

His plays take as their 
theme the relationship be- 
tween the cultures of the 
English and Caribbean peo- 
ples. their friendships and 

He was born in Clarendon. 
Jamaica, on June 25. 1937, 
into a large and close family of 
eigh! brothers and two sisters. 
He left school at 13 and 
worked with his father as a 
cultivator on their orange 

In 1955 he came lo England, 
where be worked on the 
railways in Nottingham. He 
joined the Army in 1958. 
serving for four years and 
becoming middleweight box- 
ing champion in the Royal 
Corps of Signals. 

On leaving the Army he 

PVpIIpH amiinri Pnnloriri 

runij ns. 

travelled around England, 
singing calypso and taking 
extra work in television prior 
to researching, writing and 

performing in John Bull for 
HTV in 1969. 

In 1970 he made his first 
professional stage appearance 
in Mu5tapha Maiura's Black 
Pieces at the Institute of 
Contemporary Arts. There- i 
after hc appeared in many 
television, film, radio and 
theatre roles, most recently in 
BBC television's five-pan dra- . 
ma series. Fighting Back. 

His plays include II Jose- 
phine House al the .Almost 
Free Theatre 1972; Shake- 
speare Country. BBC2; No 
Soldiers in St Pauls. Metro 
Cub, 1974; Death of a Black 
Man . Foco Novo Theatre 
Company and Hampstead 
Theatre 1975: Four Hundred 
Pounds. Foco Novo and The . 
Royal Court. 1983; Lonely 
Cowboy. The T ricycle. 1 985. 

At the lime of his death he . 
had completed a series of 
poems called M ’atcrweU. 

He lived a simple and 
spartan life, dedicated to his 
work and writing; but to his . 
his close friends reavied great 
exuberance and energy. 

Though never mamed, he- 
had a daughter, of whom he 
was very fond. 


Howe to 

Russians count the ruinous cost of Chernobyl 

Umm dirfc*nnltt»r Walker. Moscow 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, will meet 
Mr Oliver Tambo, acting head 
of the outlawed African Na- 
tional Congress, atChevening, 
his official residence in Kent, 
this rooming. 

The meeting, announced 
yesterday, was immediately 
condemned as “appalling” 
and “disgraceful” by Conser- 
vative right-wingers who are 
to meet next week to decide on 
a response. 

In the past the Government 
had always refused to meet the 
ANC until it renounced the 
use of violence. 

In June die Government 
softened its line when Mrs 
Lynda Chalker, the Foreign 
Office Minister of State, be- 
came the first British minister 
to meet Mr Tambo. But two 
months ago ANC leaders re- 
fused to meet Sir Geoffrey in 
II f u s alf? during, his EEC mis- 
sion to southern Africa. 

Today's meeting has come 
about after statements by Mr 
Tambo at the Non-Aligned 
summit in Harare last month 
to the effect that he would be 
happy to meet Sir Geoffrey 
provided it was not in the 
context of that mission. 

Officially the invitation has 
come from Sir Geoffrey, who 
is saying that he still wishes to 
hear from as wide a range of 
opinion within South Africa 
as possible 

But the meeting has enraged 
Tory right-wingers. Mr John 
Carlisle, the MP for Luton 
North, said yesterday: “It is 
disgraceful that the British 
Foreign Secretary should de- 
mean himself by talking to 
members of a terrorist 

However, Mr Hugh Dykes, 
the moderate MP for Harrow 
East and founder member of 
Conservatives for Fun- 
damental Reform in South 
Africa, said he was delighted 
about the meeting. 

• Sir Geoffrey is to stop for 
talks with the Governor and 
senior officials in Hong Kong 
next month on his way to 
China for the Queen's visit. 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Ihto blow dealt to In contested compensation 

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The tangled wreckage of Chernobyl: this photograph, taken three weeks ago, was released yesterday by Tass. 

The crippling blow dealt to 
the Soviet economy by the 

Chernobyl nuclear disaster 
was offldaDy acknowledged 
yesterday by Mr Boris Gostev, 
the Finance Minister, who 
said that total direct and 
indirect costs ’off. the incident 
were now estimated at 2 billion 
roubles (£L9 bflfioo). . 

In additi(a,die nmistertold 
a special news conference that 
a total area of 950 square 
miles around the stricken 
reactor, had- been declared 
unfit foranything bat the 


ing carried oat by special 
squads of SoMkre assisted by 
votauteess ton afi parts ofthe 
Sovi^ Gaioa. These workers 
were re^elring twice their nor- 
mal wage in tien of danger 

mooey. . ' ■ 

Dneto the large amoants of 
compeosatioB needed to assist 
some 135,060 evnenees who 
had lostboArtfadr homes and 
most of their possession^ plus 
andBary costs Indodiiig the 
constnietioa :rf dmnsands of 
new homes, Mr Gostev dis- 
closed that the state had 
ahead paid 500 miUioo rou- 
bles (£466 mfflioa) from the 
budget, and- » fndw 100 
miHhm ndto fitHn its Insur- 
ance organization. “And we 

are still spentiog”, die min- 
ister said. ' 

' .The high costs of fee 
disaster — which are con tinn- 
ing 'to rise - daily as fee huge 
dean-op eperatioa continues 
— pins fee damp in the world 
price of oB ate blamed by 
Weston experts for the Soviet 
Union's enrrent dfre shortage 
of hard cn ne n cy. - ■ 

• This has caused new short- 
ages of coftsamer products 
because fr has reduced the 
ability to buydn from abroad. 

For fee first time,. Mb' 
Gostev and Soar other leading 
Soviet officials spelt oat In 
detail the enormous size of fee 
resene operation, .which in- 
cludes a follow-np m e dical 
programme for all fee , evac- 
aees being carried oat by a 
mydifl ♦ram of SjBOO Soviet 

physicians backed by a farther 
9,000 paramedics. 

Accenting to the Minister, 
who has bone modi df the 
personal responsibility for 
finding' the fands to cope wm 
the disaster, afi fee eVaawes 
have now beenfoond new Jobs. 

Every family forced to flee 

will be given a free home or fiat 

and a new commission has 
■ been established to adjudicate 

in contested compensation 

claims, he said. . 

Onestioud about whether 

fteKremHn Jntended to pay 

compensation to foreipi anm- 

nuclear faUoot, Mr Gostev 
hinted strongly 
the matter 

-debated”, the final answer 
would be no. . 

‘■The World Health 
: Organizationbas already sa*d 
featno significant d am a ge was 

caused to peopl* *** 
cdimtxies,'* he replied. 

said feat fee death toll fro® 
fee dlaster. repained at 31, 
wife 11 of fee 2,000 people 

initially, admitted to hospitals 
still there. _ . • 

He claimed that the Sonet 
antiiorities did not expect any 
further admissions from radi- 
ation richness, but pointedly 
avoided aay. reference to the 

WHO to establish 
accident service 

Copenhagen (Reuter)— The 
World Health Organization 
(WHO) is to set up a European 
information service for nuc- 
lear accidents in the wake of 
the Chernobyl disaster.1t is 
also to seek ways of improving 
international coordination to 

.limit effects of radioactive 
fallout and 

will study fallout's effects on 
heahh; * . . 

fears expressed, in the West I 
tint thousands df long-term 
cancer deaths may result from 
the disaster. 

• THE HAGUE; The Dutch 
Government Jbas derided to 
postpone until 1988 w decision 
on whether to braid more 
nuclear power plants in fee 
wake of Chernobyl (AP 

Mr Ed Nypds, the Environ- 
ment Minister, told the Dutch 
Parliament's . / standing 
committee on fee environment 
this week feat the postpone- 
ment move had been' made 
because the Government 
wanted to await fee ontcome oT 
a number of official inquiries 
setup after fee 'disaster, 

Tko DostDooement maria 
another ep&ode' in feecontiiin- 

5 debate between tin oentre- 
it coalitibn'Govtrament of 
strong antHnctear lobby, 
whkhfrared ima^ln after the 

Tough line 
by Reagan 
on Daniloff 

Continued from page 1 

missile warhead*, and will 
instead propose a reduction 
closer to 30 per cent. The 
move would significantly 
close the gap between fee US 
and Soviet portions on ballis- 
tic missile waiheads. 

The Shultz-Shevardnadze 
talks are not expected to 
produce a fiim date for any 
summit meeting between Mr 
Reagan and Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Sovirt leader, 
in Washingum later this year. 
They are focussing on each 
country's arras control pro- 
posals, as well as disagree* 
meats on human rights bsjks 
and regional disputes uke 
Afghanistan, with the aun of 
determining in principle u a 
summit would be fruitful. 

Mr Shultz had made it dear 
feat he would begin his talks 
with Mr Shevardnadze, by 
demanding the early ami un- 
conditional release of Mr 
Daniloff. Moscow common- , 
dent of US Sews A World 1 
Report, who was arrested bn 
August 30 and later charged 

with espionage. 

The Administration main- 
tains that he was picked up in 
direct retaliation for the arrest 
last month of Mr Gennady 
Zakharov, a Soviet employee 
of the United Nations 
secretariat, who has been 
charged in New York with 

sp iT Shevardnadze warned 
bluntly on arrival at Andrews 
Air Force base on Thursday 
feat years - of “confrontation 
and dangerous contention", 
might lie ahead if Washington 
and Moscow failed to make 
headway in fee sessions. 
MOSCOW The official so- 
viet government newspaper 
Izvestia last night launched a 
latter personal attack on Sir 
Geoffrey Howe; the Foreign 
Secretary, for his comparison 
of fee KGB's arrest of Mr 
Daniloff wife the nuclear 
disaster at Chernobyl (Chris- 


Chernobyl mqaest, page 8 ‘ 

during a visit to Washington 
last week that fee arrest of Mr 
Danfloffi which bqth British 
and American officials here 
are convinced was “set up", 
was “a ..kind of moral 
Chernobyl which risks poison- 
ing. fee whole field of East- 


ierrow 1 ■ 

©ngs ill 

Sriotiou to Puzzle No 17458 Sototioa to Puzzle No 17455 | Today’s events 

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The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,156 

A prize ofT\x Times Atlas ofWorid History will be given for the 
first of three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: The Times, Saturday Crossword 
Companion, PO Box 486, 1 Virginia Street, London, El 9XN. 
The winners and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday’s competition are: Mrs A Boys- 
Strong. Randle House, Cartridge, Northumberland; Mr M 
Fairbaim. Elder Cottages. Hatch Beauchamp, Taunton, 
Somerset; Dr J Mackay, The Old Post Office, Tormarton, 
Badminton, Northavon. 




1 By accident left somewhere 
in church (7). 

5 Keep right away from wit- 
ness (7). 

9 Confuse a girl wife more 
rambling talk (9). 

30 Soft drink without fruit (5). 

11 Round gold coin (5). 

12 Happy-go-lucky midship- 
man on his way (4-5X 

14 Win no matter wbal palin- 
dromes do (44,4,4). 

17 What 15 has. in financial 
terms (6.8). 

21 Plead wife plant to yield (9). 

23 Put down a foundation (5k 

24 Helped, investing money 
once in a fresh idea (5). 

25 Many cheat in the prelimi- 
nary stages of bridge game 

26 Serious art making money 

27 Rats escape (3.4). 


1 Box in Sydney (6). 

2 Garble a translation, using 
letters instead of francs (7). 

3 Plan fee water supply for 
Churchill's home (9). 

4 Most rambling, common 

5 Poem due for recitation (3). 

6 The second archbishop to 
use abusive language (5) 

7 Knock-downprice a pound 
fora model (7). 

8 The work l put in points to 
pep (8). 

13 Who gets half drank to 
make an appearance? 

15 Plant seller -the man has a 
catalogue (9). 

16 Like Hook, for instance, us- 
ing his bead (8). 

18 fighter man to adore? No, 
no. not 'e! (7). 

19 Pig. devouring fife and fowl 

20 Woolly animal (6). 

22 Crest - bird has pan miss- 
ing (5). 

25 Lay a girl (3). 

Concise Crossword, page 17 

Royal engagements 

The Prince ofWales visits tho 
Moorcock and District Agri- 
cultural Society's annual show, 

I Mossdale, N Yorkshire. 12-25. 

Last chance to see 

At Home: Scottish Interims 
1820-1929; The fine Art Soci- 
ety, 12 Great King St. Edin- 
burgh. 10 to 1. 

History of Dudley Cfcsde: 
archaeological finds, paintings c 

and prints; Art Gallery, St 
James’s Rd. Dndfey, 10 to 5. , 


Concert by The Cathedral 
Singers and Orchestra; Liver- 
pool Cathedral, 7J0 l 

Concert by the English String 
Orchestra; Tewkesbury Abbey, 


Concert by the Academy ofSl 
Olave's; St Olave's, Marygate, 

York. 8. 

Concert by fee Wells Sin- 
fbnietta and Anna Maitland 
(piano); Wells Cathedral, 730. 


Severn Valley Railway Enthu- 
siasts Weekend; Bewdley Rail- 
way Station, Worcs, today and 
tomorrow 10 to 6. 

Sheffield Festival: Craft Day, 

Crucible Theatre, Sheffield. 10 
to S; Little M esters Day. 

LeadmiUe Arts Centre, 1 1; Rail- 
way Modelling exhibition and 
display. Science and Technology 
Library, Central Library, 10 to 
5: Fayre, High Green Training 
Centre. Westwood Rd, 2. 

Antiquarian Bookdealers 
Fain Guildhall. Wi nche ster, 10 
to A 

American Civil War Week- 
end; The American Museum in 
Britain. Cfaverton Manor, Bath, 
today and tomorrow 2 to 5. 

Armageddon '86; The Hexa- 
gon, Queen's Walk, Reading, 
today and tomorrow 1030 to S. 


Last chance to see 

Retrospective work of John 
BeUany; Scottish National Gal- 
lery of Modem Art, Bdford Rd, 

Edinburgh. 2 to 5. 

Break in the Seal: photo- 
graphs of Handsworth, Bir- 
mingham and New York, USA; 
by Vanity Burke and Pogus 
Caesar; Herbert Art Gallery and 
Museum. Jordan Wefl, Cov- 
entry. 2 to 5. 

Energy World; Shenley 
Lodge. Watting Sc MDtun 
Keynes. 10 to 6. 

Drawings by Welsh Artists 
1900-1960; National Museum 
of Wales. Main Building. Ca- 
! ihaysPark.Gnr£fLZ30to S. 

Scotland and India; National 
Library of Scotland. George IV 
Bridge, Edinbsrgk, 2 to 5. 


Guitar redial by Carlos 
Paredes. Luisa Mam Amara 
and Simon Wynberg; Sfaotover 
House. Wheatley. Oxon.730. 

Merrie England: Concert by 
the Mozart Orchestra and 
Choir; Clarendon Suite. Edg- 
baston. Bmmngbam. 7.45. 

Concert bylhe Schubert En- 
semble of London; Fennoy 
Centre. King's Lyme Norfolk, 3. 

Recital by the Alexandra 
Trio; Brune Park School, Mili- 
tary Rd. Gosport. 7.30. 


Autumn Craft Fair Meadow- 
bank Inn. Arbroath. 1 1 to 5. 

North Wales Music Festival. 

Asaph. CTwyd. today until Sept 
27; for further details ret (0745) 


Gardens ppen 


dsns, by Afford; 16m Sot Buitfjr on W of 
A57; gardens msda in s quarry: bne wMr 
gsrten. Ismous rock gstdsn;1hs autum 
colours; P; (My tsiU end Oa; 9 to S. 

Aigyt; Craraa WoocSand Oardoo, 
kwwirsy; lomljrgsrdSRfei pien, 40 acres; 
ou ten rang co Ss ct io n of pmnte. bsauVM 
In sulisnn; P; daly untfl slid a( Oct 9 to 8. 

DsrtaysMM; HwMck Hto. DOS tee, Mr 
Chestsrfleid, 4m NW of Mmsi st il off 
A617. S st qnpwsf; Iwbsosous ptsntt. 

•hndiB. herb awdan, UnD ness, 
toohedass; &y isifli end of Oct 

W s toi id wii to l n. Wsi Hl ssd Abbey. 4m 
S Of MsnsSeU; Ms. Japoneso garden, 
rase garden, rock and tastier garden, 
knot garden, many nee Indudbn eons 
planted by Dr Uwngmono end Stater: 
, daayaxoeptCbrtstrnasDee.tOtoduta. 
a bmenat TWinhul Hobs Qerden. 
TMntaS.Sm NWatYeoM. KmSolAaos 
on E outskirts of Tksinf** intaaetag 
, snai formal garden, roses, honeysucMee 

a sndTTys dsj Ssp<Z4 and 2S; 2 to 6; 
sMiV&aton Sat 

WsMfc st Bowood House, 1m W of 
Cams ofl.Ai, S to Buck HU; tags rose 
ptantfngs on fannsl tenaoes, iravsfiosrS 
orangery; One trass and shrubs: p; dMy 
imN and of Sapb n toS. 


HsovaMnc MU Court, 3m ME of A*m 
on S sldsof A31; turn ofllRsneiMefy^tv 
croetaw RHsr Way; mstasn sized gsr- 

crosMw RHsr Way; madm sized gsr- 
dan; herbaceous, roses, ciemsto, autwisi 
cotow. rare wsepkm beach; also open 
Sunday Sept 2sT2J0 to 8. 

Devore vicar's Head. Hayes Lana, East 
BudUflh. 2m N of BudWgb Safeerton; 
acres, many rare ml unusual ptatfe, 
hosaaand bur naSoml cotactions; 2 » 

Anniversaries . 


Upton Sinclair, novelist, was 
born at Baltimore, Maryland, 

Deaths; Jacob Grimm, phil- 
ologist and collector of folk, 
tala, Berlin. 1863; Jean S#- 
bdtos. J&rvenpaa, Finland. 
1957; George Son, poet, No- 
bel laureate 1963. Athens. 1971. 


Births: Glrohuoo Savonarola, 
preacher and martyr, Ferrara. 

- 1452: John McAdara. inventor 
of the road surface of that name, 

, Ayr. 1756; Sir Edmond Gone, 
critic, London, 1849; H G 
Wells. Bromley. Kent. 1866; 
Gostev Holst. Cheltenham. 

Deaths: Virril, Bnmdhrinm, 
(Brindisi), 19BC; Edward U, 
reigned 1307-27, murdered 
Berkeley Casde, Gloucester- 
shire. 1327: Sfa- Walter Scott. 
Abbotsford. Roxburgh. 1832: 
Arfhan- Schopenhauer, philos- 
opher. Frankfort, I860. 

Gold 'standard abandoned, 


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TODAY Soarinaa: Smaata: TOMORROW Sunriaaa: Sunaata 
■■I. 243am 734pm . 244am 7.02pm 

9.13 an 7.49 pm 


1029 am 202 pm 

Last quartac September 28 

Last quartan September 28 

Around Britain 

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Bt i a mwiti a x 
** n y Tenby 103 

ssar sssSi23 . 

•snowera Douglas 8.1 

L ondon 93 
ab we ars VtamAbiri 28 

^ asst li : 
tss WaSU iH : 

sunny Man rb aa lu 83 
aureiy WoMn gh a ui 7.7 
sunny Wcd-n-Tyne 120 
sunny Car daia 93 - 


simny . r aki l Naai u h 20 -- 
■tony Rnwtwiek 21 

gwgw 73 - 

sunny Itaa 7.0 

is are Tboradaya Braaas 


MDDAY:c. ckMh d, dfezJo: I. fair: fg. (oq: r. rain; s, sun; an, snow; t. thunder. 
■ ‘ C F C F C F 

C F 

Ufa Pd a * 27 81 Cologne 
Smart 8 29 84 Cpftagn 
AtaMria s 29 84 Carta 
Atgiara - ( 33 91 Dofafci 

C F 

* 15 59 Maiorea 
c 13 55 Malaga 
s 32 901 Mb 
s 15 59 KaWma 

i f 14 67 Ddnink s 29 84 Nairn c* 

a 30 86 Fare c 24 75 iiSr 

9 35 95 Florence s 31 88 Man 

f. FraoMurt- s 15 59 Itawatt* 
■ 1 24 7$ Rata* a 23 78 Moscow 
^ — — 9*—y c U 57 Menioh 

S 3T 88 QRaamr e 22 72 Nta at d 
c 12 54 Bdita ( io SO Nantes 
r S 24 - 75-SonB X . B 29 84 SaS 
* c IS 59 ate£ick f 13 55 N Vm? 

1 19 tt-te mated f 28 79 mm 

Jeddah s 86 97 Orto 

i s V4- 57 Jo-bortr- a 23 73 Farts 

t • IS 64 Rare33 c 25 77 Paktag 

c 14 57 U Pitaa i o 25 77 Ftttt* 
:Catro -5 33 91 Lisbon s 24 75 Prague 
JCapalU' s 22 7? Locarno f 22- .72 DmU** 
Cbtanca s 24 75 -L A n tals* « 23 78 nodre 
-Cbi cw qoP c -1264 Luaaaing - ■ 13 56 Ho da J 
-ardwtoh -c 9 48 Atedrkf f. 24 75 RM 

* danotre Thuratayf. 

C F 

» 32 90 Rates a 
f 27 81 Sahbuig 1 

* 30 eesnSS* i 
C 14 57 Santtego* c 


f 26 79TSSE 
a S 90 Tafintw* « 

isstst* i 

*15 59v5atate l 

* 24 75 Vnnr'aai - f 
e 15 58 Venice c 
s 13 55 Vtetao a 

»1090v5Sw 1 

« 78 82 WMte* a 

* h 70 Wamtoo f 
» 39102 Zreteh c 

■ pfweir- •. 

- * 

? l5r 2' 

a Je 5V 



K v - 

h.- u 0i 

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