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No 62,569 



Moscow sees 
way out of 
Daniloff row 

• The Kremlin seems likely to present 
new ideas on the release without trial of 

Mr Nicholas Daniloff 


• The Stockholm Security Conference 
wfll today at last present details of an 
historic East-West Arms agreement 

• The final document from Stockholm 
sets limits on military activities and 
establishes inspection systems 

From Christopher Thomas, W ashingto n 
. The Soviet Union suggested 
yesterday that a “diplomatic 
accommodation'" might be 
possible soon to secure the 
release without trial of Mr 

• The Soviet Union and the US agreed 
that his continued detention remained 
an obstacle to a superpower summit 

Nicholas Daniloff, the Ameri- 
can journalist held in Moscow 
on a spying charge. The 
Kremlin is likely to present 
new ideas later inis week. 

The sign of movement fol- 
lowed two days of talks be- 
tween Mr George Shultz, the 
US Secretary of State, and Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the So- 
viet Foreign Minister, during 
which both sides agreed Tha t 
conditions do exist for a 
superpower summit but that 
the continued detention of Mr 
Daniloff remains an obstacle. 

The Soviet Union is likely 
to ask for a further meeting 
this week between Mr Shev- 
ardnadze and Mr Shultz to 
seek progress on the Daniloff 
affair while they are at the 
United Nations General As- 
sembly in New York. 

Mr Shultz said yesterday 
that he will agree to further 
talks if the Soviet side has 
ideas for a solution. He noted 
that Mr Shevardnadze had 
asked him in their talks on 
Friday and Saturday if he 
would be willing to meet again 
at the UN. 

Mr Gennady Gerasimov, 


of winter 

Fashion looks 
forward with the 
layered look, 
co-ordinated for 
colder weather 

• There is £16,000 to 
be won next weekend in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition, double 
the usual amount as 
there was no winner 

on Saturday. 

• The daily £4,000 
prize was won on 
Saturday by Mr Peter 
Sequeira, of Wilmstow, 
Cheshire. Details, 

Sphere is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list, page 20; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16. 

Rates hope 

Hopes of a cut in West 
German interest rates - which 
would help the pound and 
dollar - rose after a weekend 
meeting of EEC finance 
ministers 17 

Inquiry call 

The Lord Chancellor has been 
asked to hold an inquiry into 
why legal aid was granted to 
Militant tendency supporters 
to fight their expulsion from 
the Labour Party. page 2 

TSB deadline 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
urges investors to hand in 
their forms by tomorrowmght 

On This Day 

Francis Ouimet. an American, 
won the US Open Coif 
Championship in 1 9 13. cneb 
in* . -'cars of |rmsh 


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Fuming* 17-20 

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fn«y*onis 10.16 

Di«y 12 

frames KM2 

Law Report -25 

Obituary j 

Prvin BOW** 


bport 25 - 28 J 0 
Theatres.** 2 * 
TV & Radio 20 

Weather lb 

the Soviet Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, said in New York 
yesterday that the affair was 
“jjot a v ery big problem at 
all". He added: “Mr Daniloff 
is under investigation, he is 
charged, and usually he is 
going to be put on uiaL But 
because we do not want this 
particular case to be an ob- 

Moscow- Mrs Ruth Danfloff, 
the British wife of Mr Nicho- 
las Daniloff, said yesterday 
that neither she nor her hus- 
band was optimistic about a 
quick solution to the impasse 
(Christopher Walker writes). 
Her fears were echoed by 
senior Western diplomats 
here. Meanwhile, Mr 
Gorbachov has returned to 
Moscow after a month's sum- 
mer holiday. 

stacle in our relations we can 
find some kind of solution and 
lei him free." 

The affair blighted what 
otherwise seems to have been 
a productive two days of talks 
between Mr Shultz and Mr 
Shevardnadze. Most signifi- 
cantly. the superpowers ap- 
pear to be on the verge of an 
agreement that would limit 
the number of intermediate- 
range nuclear missiles in En- - 
rope. Such an accord would be 
the centrepiece of a summit 

As expected, they did not 
seek io establish a date for a 
summit There is a sense here 
that the Kremlin is now more 
enthusiastic about an early 
summit than is the White 

“1 think it is most unlikely 
that you could have a fruitful 
meeting in the conditions that 
we have today," Mr Shultz 
said on television yesterday. 
“It seems that what we must 
do is get this (Daniloff) case 
settled before you have an 
atmosphere in which you can 
make some progress." 

In remarks designed to pla- 
cate the Republican right-wing 
President Reagan will use 
harsh language about the 
Daniloff case and human 
rights in general when he 
addresses the UN General 
Assembly today, while reflect- 
ing the Administration's op- 
timism about the prospects for 
significant arms agreements. 

He is expected to outline the 
arms controls proposals he 
made to Mr Gorbachov in a 
letter in July, to which Mr 
Gorbachov replied in a letter 
handed to Mr Reagan on 
Friday by Mr Shevardnadze. 

US officials say the two 
sides aieclose to an agreement 
to reduce substantially the 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

East and West in 
historic arms pact 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 
Stockholm Security manoeuvres involving more 

* * * * * * 


Conference will today finally, 
belatedly but triumphantly 
present to the world an his- 
toric arms agreement between 
East and West, which aims at 
reducing the risk of war in 
Europe. It will be ihe first such 
accord since Salt 2 in 1 979. 

The text of the agreement 
was flashed last night to the 
capitals of aD 33 nations 
involved in the conference 
and a meeting was hastily 
convened for today to for- 
mally adopt zl 

"It’s all over," the chief 
Soviet negotiator, Mr Oleg 
Grinevsky, said with a broad 
smile. “We have an 

The final document from 
Stockholm sets limits on mili- 
tary activities and establishes 
systems of inspection to make 
sure these limits are not 

Hopes that it would be 
produced last night faded 
because of the technical diffi- 
culties of drawing up the text, 
getting it translated and sent 
to the 35 governments 

Last-minute details worked 
out yesterday included the 
provision that 42 days' notice 
should be given of military 
manoeuvres involving more 
than 300 tanks along with 

than 13,000 men. 

The military activities cov- 
ered by the new agreement 
will be notified by all member 
states each year on November 

At present under the terms 
of the 1975 Helsinki Agree- 
ment, the Soviet Union re- 
ports three or four 

Winning smile: Nigel Mansell, the British 
driver, celebrates his victory in the Portu- 
guese Grand Prix yesterday. He took an 
immediate lead in the race and stayed in 
front for the remainder of the 70-lap race. It 

was Mansell's fifth grand prix win of the 
year and, with two races of the season left, 
he now leads the championship by 10 points 
from Piquet, his fantm Wfllisins-Honda 


Report, page 30 

BA seeks 
way round 

The Civil Aviation Author- 
ity will today be asked to give 
formal approval to an attempt 
by British Airways to find a 
legal way of beating possible 
future sanctions against South 

The airline is applying for a 
licence to fly between London 
and Gaborone in Botswana 

A British Airways Concorde 
bound for New York timed 
back and landed safely at 
Heathrow airport yesterday 
after an electrical fault in an 

The longest day 7 

Breakthrough pact 7 

Geneva outlook 12 

manoeuvres in advance each 
year and can at its discretion 
allow in observers. 

After Stockholm this figure 
will rise to around 20 and the 
manoeuvres will be subjected 
to ma n dat o ry inspection. 

The breakthrough of the 
conference remains the con- 
cession by the Soviet Union in 
agreeing to on-site inspec- 
tions, which it resisted in the 

The Stockholm agreement 
was being heralded as the start 
of a new era of East-West 

It was thought that it would 
pave the way for success in 
further negotiations* 

The clock was stopped at 
the conference on Friday, 
officially its last day, to allow 
negotiations to be completed. 

near the border with South 

The evidence to be put 
forward is so sensitive that the 
airline's lawyers are planning 
to ask for the hearing to be 
held in camera. 

The airline has been con- 
cerned for some time that it 
could lose up to £60 million in 
revenue from its nine flights a 
week to South Africa should it 
be forced to stop operations 
because of . sanctions. It's 
application for a licence to fly 
to Gaborone comes after a 
similar application by British 

BCAJL claims it has been 
studying the route for at least 
four years and applied for a 
twice-weekly onward flight to 
{Gaborone from I-asalta, in 
Zambia, in June — well before 
the crisis blew up.. 

But after BCAL made their 
bid BA objectedLand put in a 
counter bii 

They must now try to 
convince the CAA that, not 
only is their application 
economically viable, but that' 
it will further the interests of 
British Civil Aviation 

And it is on this basis that 
they will aigue that it . is 
essential, especially in this 
very sensitive period before 
privatization that they should 
have fall-back rights to op- 
erate into and out of the 
southern part of Africa should 
they be forced to suspend 
direct flights to South Africa 

Hurd will advocate 
anti-terror boost 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the of terrorist suspects by remov- 
ing a supposed political mo- 
for their offence 

Home Secretary, is to press 
Britain's Common Market 
to redouble their ef- 


forts against terrorism at an 
emergency meeting this week. 

He is to chair a meeting in 
London on Thursday of the 
Trevi Group of interior minis- 
ters and security chiefs, called 
at the request of the French 
Government, where Britain 
will press for tighter visa 
controls, a wider agreement 
on extradition of terrorist 
suspects and increased scruti- 
ny of diplomatic bags. 

Mr Hurd will try to per- 
suade his counterparts in 
other slates to seal their 
borders with non-EEC coun- 
tries more effectively. There is 
particular concern about ter- 
rorists sfipping-irifo Europe 
through Greek ports and arc- 

The meeting has been called 
following the recent wave of 
terrorist attacks in Paris, but 
Britain, as the country cur- 
rently in the presidential chair 
of the Common Market, has 
been pressing for more -con- 
certed moves to combat ter- 
rorism. In particular Mr Hurd 
wants to see greater co-opera- 
tion in some countries be- 
tween their foreign and in- 
terior ministries and a wider 
exchange of intelligence infor- 
mation on terrorist activities. 

Mr Hurd will also urge all 
Britain’s European partners to 
ratify a Council of Europe 
convention which smoothes 
the way to easier extradition 

live for their offence as 
grounds for denying their 

Following a report by the 
Commons Foreign Affairs Se- 
lect Committee, which recom- 
mended the scanning of diplo- 
matic bags to prevent the 
smuggling of weapons, the Bri- 
tish Government ruled out 
routine scanning but said it 
was ready to scan diplomatic 
bags on particular occasions. 

This system has now been 
in operation in Britain for 
some months. Where it is de- 
cided that there are sufficient 
grounds for scannings diplo- 
matic bag a representative of 
the embassy concerned is con- 
tacted and allowed to be 
present If the country refuses 
to have the bag scanned it has 
to be sent back. Mr Hurd is 
expected to commend this 
example to his European 

There will be unprecedent- 
ed protective measures for the 
anti-terrorist meeting at the 
Queen Eliza berh Conference 
Centre, close to the House of 
Commons. An attack on such 
a gathering would be a major 
coup for terrorist organisa- 

Whitehall would not com- 
ment yesterday on reports that 
a unit of the Special Air Serv- 
ices regiment has been stand- 
ing by to help the French 
counter-terrorist effort. 

Unity display, page 8 

New Leeds fans ban sought 

By Ian Smith 

Demands for the immediate 
reintroduciion of a ban on 
Leeds United supporters 
attending away games were 
made yesterday after 
Saturday's incident at Brad- 
ford when hooligans came 
within seconds of causing a 
repeat of last year's Bradford 
stadium disaster in which 56 
people burned to death. 

The Football Association 
ban was lifted two weeks ago 
on the advice of the Associ- 
ation of Chief Police Officers 
which believes police can 
control crowds better if they 
are not all-iickei games be- 
cause the ban meant frustrated 
fans caused trouble in town 

centres after being tinned 
away from grounds. 

The FA chairman, Mr Bert 
Miffichip, who favoured 
continuing the ban, said 
yesterday that' the ban’s 
reimroduction would be dis- 
cuss ed this week by the FA’s 
executive committee. 

Leeds directors were also 
anxious that the ban, imposed 
12 months ago after a Bir- 
mingham supporter was 
stabbed to death, should re- 
main. Last season only Leeds 
shareholders, season ticket 
holders and official members 
of the supporters dub could 
buy away game tickets. 

The Leeds chairman, Mr 
Leslie Silver, last night called 

for its urgent reinstatement. 

On Saturday, a gang of 
Leeds supporters nearly 
tipped over a fish and chip 
van on a walkway high above 
the Odsel Stadium and engulf- 
ing a stand holding 7,000 fens 
in blazing fat. 

As the gang were chased off 
by police, fat from the rocking 
van tipped onto the grass and 
started a fire which covered 
the ground in dense smoke 
and sent 13,000 spectators 
stampeding in terror. 

Thousands of fens, many 
screaming hysterically, spilled 
on to the pitch and the referee 
was forced to lead off the 
opposing teams, It was 23 
Continued on page 2, col 8 

angry over 
book claim 

By Oar Political Editor 
Whitehall officials and En- 
ergy Secretary Mr Peter 
Walker reacted angrily yes- 
terday to claims in a book by 
Sir Ian MacGregor, the former 
chairman of the Coal Board, 
that Mr Walker had been 
lukewarm in the struggle 
against Mr Arthur ScargiU and 
the NUM during the miners 
strike, with the result that the 
dispute was prolonged. 

Ministers and officials 
counter-charged that it was 
Mr Walker who had had to 
stiffen the resolve of the NCB 
chairman during the dispute 
and Energy Department of- 
ficials described some pas- 
sages in the book, 
provocatively entitled “The 
Enemies Within" as “total 

Mr Walker and Sir Ian have 
already clashed personally 
over the book. The former 
Coal Board chairman went to 
the Energy Department for a 
farewell drink last Wednesday 
believing that his allegations 
would come as a revelation to 
Con tinned on page 16, col 2 

Rail crash 
site being 

By a Staff Reporter 
British Rail engineers yes- 
terday started repairing the 
junction destroyed in Fnday’s 
train crash at Colwich, Staf- 
fordshire, which killed one 
person and injured 72. The 
cause of the accident is not yet 
known, but details should 
emerge at a formal BR inquiry 
m Crewe tomorrow. 

Investigators are still at the 
scene rifting through the 
wreckage, which by Saturday 
night had been cleared on to 
an adjacent field. Tests were 
carried during the weekend 
out on the locomotives and 
signalling equipment and all 
employees involved have 
been interviewed. 

All that is known is that the 
Easton to Manchester express 
went through signals and was 
moving slowly across the Y- 
j unction when it collided al- 
most head-on with the Liver- 
pool to Elision express travel- 
ling at 90 to 100 miles an hour. 

“We Think foe front of the 
southbound locomotive hit 
Continued on page 2, col 3 

CBI urges action to curb drug abuse at work 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

The growing epidemic of 
drug abuse has infiltrated 
Britain's offices and factories 
and problems of addiction 
stretch from the shopfloor to 
the boardroom, the Confed- 
eration of British Industry 
warns today. 

The CBI says the problem 
must be tackled promptly and 
urges employers to draw up 
policies to deal with staff who 
arc addicts. It has produced 
detailed guidelines for ife 
*’50000 member companies, 
who employ half the nations 

workforce. . 


The document, “Danger - 
drugs at work ”, has been 
produced in association with 
Turning Point, an agency 
specializing in drug and al- 
cohol abuse. 

“We have to recognize that 
this is a frightening and grow- 
ing problem that threatens the 
health of our workpeople and 
die productivity of our 
companies," Sir .Alex Jarralt 
chairman of the CBI employ- 
ment policy committee, says 
in a foreword to the guide. 

Mr Keith McDowafl, dep- 
uty director-general of the 
CBI. said yesterday:“There 
may be a tendency among 

Drug users are spending £200 
million or more each year in 
London alone, according to 
estimates of die drug market 
which will be released today. 

Fall report, p«ip 3 

companies to believe that drug 
addiction doesn't affect them. 

What we all have to accept is 
that this problem doesn’t stop 
at the factory gates or the 
office door." 

Companies need expert 
help to deal with employees 
who take drugs and should be 
prepared to contact advice 
agency doctors and special- 

ist clinics, and send staff for 
treatment Job security should ■ 
be protected during such treat- 
ment as it would be for other 
health problems. 

“All staff need to be en- 
couraged to report early signs 
of drug use in colleagues,"ihe 
guide says. The risks of 
mistakes and accidents at 
work as a result of drug taking 
are now far greater, according 
to the CBI documem_“A 
woman overdosing on tran- 
quilizers can do less harm On a 
typewriter than at a computer 
terminal. A man ‘stoned’ in 
charge of an automated plant 
will cause vastly more damage 
a man at a single lathe." 

The cost of alcohol-related 
problems to British indi 
has been estimated at £1,7 
million a year. “Drug misuse 

is growing fester, and we do 
not know ns true extent," says 
the CBI. 

Sacking a drug-taking em- 
ployee is not a solution, the 
guide warns. It could result in 
a complaint of unfair dis- 
missal. and probably will lead 
to the employee taking the 
problem to another firm. 

Danger - drugs at work an 
employer’s guide ro drugs mis- 
wsetCBi. Centre Point. 103 New 
Oxford Street, London WClA 
1DU,£3J0). ^ 

Steel is 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
leader, prepared to meet his 
party critics on defence head- 
on yesterday by declaring that 
he would maintain an in- 
dependent deterrent after Po- 
laris went out of service. 

On the eve of the Liberal 
assembly in Eastbourne Mr 
Steel appeared to be on a 
collision course with some of 
his MP$ and activists after 
making clear that he would 
give no ground to opponents 
and, in the eyes of some of 
them, moving even closer to 
the position of Dr David 
Owen, the Social Democratic 
Party leader. 

He upset some of his col- 
leagues by interpreting the 
decision of the Liberal assem- 
bly in 1984 to put Polaris into 
East-West disarmament nego- 
tiations as implying that the 
deterrent would be 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft. 
Liberal MP for Leeds West, 
said last night that Mr Steel 
was mistaken. “It was not the 

Rodgers* message 2 

So little time 12 

Leading article 13 

spirit of the 1984 assembly to 
maintain any independent 
British deterrent," he said. 

In tomorrow's assembly 
debate on defence Mr Steel 
will be seeking his party's 
support for the compromise 
reached by the two parties' 
joint commission which left 
open the question of whether 
Polaris should be replaced, 
and for the efforts of himself 
and Dr Owen to reach an 
agreed nuclear deal with 

But delegates arriving for 
the assembly last night were 
tabling amendments which 
would have the effect of 
moving the Liberal position 
further away from the 
possibility of replacing 

Three of the party's MPs, 
Mr Simon Hughes, Mr Archie 
Kirkwood and Mr 
Meadowcroft, were associated 
with a move to commit the 
parties to the objectives of 
reducing and ending nuclear 

Mr Steel interviewed with 
Dr Owen in the BBC 
telelvision programme. This 
Week, Next Week, appeared 
to be closer to the SDP leader 
on defence than ever before. 

Asked whether Britain 
should retain nuclear weapons 
Mr Steel said; “The answer is 
that we have got that capacity 
now. We will retain that 
capacity until such time as it is 
negotiated away." 

But when he was asked what 
would happen when Polaris 
rusted away Mr Steel said that 
be would maintain iL 

Mr Steel appeared confident 
of winning tomorrow's votes. 

My war 
-by MP 

The chairman of the 
Merseyside group of Labour 
MPs is today named as a 
messenger for Militant at 

In his forthcoming book. 
Hard Labour, Mr Robert 

Kilroy-Silk. MP for knowsley 

North, discloses how his fel- 
low Liverpool MP. Mr Bob 
Parry, offered him the can- 
didature for a neighbouring 
Conservative-held seal if he 
allowed himself to be replaced 
in Knowsley by the leading 
Militant. Mr Tony Mulheam. 

“If*, however. "I caused a 
public row, I would be black- 
listed as well as do- selected". 
Mr KJIroy-Silk recalls in the 
first of five extracts from his 
book which are being pub- 
lished in The Times this week. 
The decision that Mr Parry. 
MP for Liverpool Riverside, 
presented had been taken at a 
secret meeting at the Trans- 
port and General Workers’ 
Union office in Liverpool. 

Mr Kilroy-Silk's response 
was to call his colleague a 
“creep" which, he relates, 
seemed io upset him. “You’re 
doing Militant’s dirty work for 
it. he added. It was the episode 
which abov e all else led to Mr 
Kilrov-Silk’s determination 

Mr Bob Parry: Was upset at 
being called a creep 

that if he was going to be 
hounded out of his seal he was 
not going to go quietly. 

At the May meeting of his 
constituency party he told the 
tale of the deal, with the 
Militant delegates reacting in 
fifty, - From that moment on 
there was open warfare in the 
Knowsley North constituency 

The story of that warfare 
and of Mr Kilroy-Silk’s ordeal 
at the hands of the hard left 
because he refused to be what 
he describes as “ a duffel- 
coated. unshaven 

revolutionary" begins today 
on page 10. 

Defiant Poles 

Czestochowa. Poland (Reu- 
ter) — Tens of thousands of 
Poles, defying official 
warnings, yesterday dem- 
onstrated their support for the 
banned Solidarity union at a 
workers' pilgrimage in south- 
ern Poland. 

Strategy meeting, page 9 



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Protest to 
7 Hailsham 
on Militant 
legal aid 

By Frances Gibh, Legal Affairs Otfrespondeat 
A Labour MP has asked the granted further assistance 

Lotti Chancellor to set up an 
Inquiry into why legal aid was 
granted to supporters of Mili- 
tant Tendency to fight their 
expulsion from the Labour 
Party all the way to the Court 
of AppeaL 

Mr Ken Weetch, MP for 
Ipswich, has written to Lord 
Hailsham of St Marylebone 
because of what he describes 
as an abuse of several thou- 
sand pounds of public funds. 

The two supporters of Mili- 
tant Tendency, Mr and Mrs 
Roger MacKay, were finally 
thrown out of the Labour 
Party last week, on a vote of 55 
to 19, by the general manage- 
ment committee of the Ips- 
wich branch, after a legal 
battle that lasted several 
months and included several 
High Court hearings. 

The couple, who deny being 
members of Militant al- 
though they admit to being 
supporters, had refused to sign 
a statement abandoning all 
activities on behalf of the 

Mr Weetch says, in a letter 
to Lord Hailsham, that he has 
had complaints over the grant- 
ing of legal aid to the couple. 

He says they were granted 
full legal aid without any 
contributions on their part, 
although Mr MacKay is a 
deputy headmaster of a local 
primary school 

“My concern is further 
compounded by the feet that 
the plaintiffs have been 

£360m bill 
for legal 

without contribution to ap- 
peal to the Court of AppeaL" 

Mr Weetch says; “This 
seems a doubtful use of very 
scarce public money available 
under the legal aid system, 
particularly when the escabtt- 
mg costs of legal aid have been 
the - subject of much public 

He adds that legal aid has 
been refused to constituents of 
his with “more significant 
problems and possessed of 
more slender means". 

Because the couple w ere 
granted legal aid, Ipswich 
Labour Party cannot recover 
its costs — although it has won 
in the courts. 

“Is the system not an ass?," 
Mr Weetch asks the Lord 
Chancellor. “Are the plaintiffs 
to be allowed to _ proceed 
without any financial disci- 
pline for costs at all?". 

Disciplinary action against 
Mr and Mrs McKay was first 
to be considered by the general 
manag ement committee of the 
Ipswich Labour Party in Feb- 
ruary, but the couple obtained 
a High Court injunction to 
stop the matter being dis- 
cussed or disciplinary action 
being taken. 

Three High Court hearings 
followed and an injunction 
was finally discharged. The 
couple failed in an attempt to 
have a second injunction im- 
posed and have now appealed 
to the Court of Appeal 

Call to pay 
for court 

aid change blunders 

Government proposals to 
overhanl die legal aid scheme 
for an officially-estimated £25 
rnOliou will actually cost more 
than £360 million, the Law 
S ociety says today (Oar Legal 
Affairs Correspondent writes). 

In the first detailed costing, 
the society says the proposals 
wSl cut by half die amount of 
time that could be given to die 
public in free legal advice. 

Shortage of cash will make 
the proposals for a new legal 
advice service unworkable, die 
society concludes. It has 
already strongly attacked 
many of the key proposals of 
the legal aid scrutiny report 
published in May by ateamof 
government officials. 

The Government proposes 
that solicitors should no 
longer provide free legal ad- 
vice for many matters under 
the legal aid scheme. It envis- 
ages a network of advice 
agencies which wfll provide 
most advice on civil matters. 

But the society says die £25 
million the Government plans 
to spend on advice centres is 
nowhere near enough. 

Taking as its basis a recent 
National Consumer Council 
report on the number of advis- 
ers needed for local popula- 
tions, the society says the 
conndTs guidance suggests at 
least 18400 more people are 
needed as against 776 pro- 
posed by the scrutiny report. 

It also says the £25 million 
which the Government is to 
spend woald mean only 0.6 
million extra boors of ad rice in 
advice centres. 



8 King Street, London SWL Tfel: 01-839 9060 
Thursday 25 September at 2-30 pm. 


Friday 26 September at 11 am. and 2-30 pan. 
Tuesday 30 September at 10.30 am. and 230 pm. 
and Wednesday 1 October at 1030 am. 

Wednesday 1 October at 1030 am. 

Thursday 2 October at 11 am. and 230 pm. 


Thursday 2 October at 11 am. and 230 pm. 

Thursday 2 October at 2 pm. 



Alnwick, Northumberland 
The Property of The Trustees of 
The Callaly Chattels Settlement 

Monday 22 September and Tuesday 23 September at 
11 am and 2 pm. each day and Wednesday 
24 September at 11 am 

Christie’s King Street wiB be open for viewing on 
Sundays from 28 Septemberfiom 2 pmr5 pm 

Christie's South Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 pm For farther information 
please telephone 01-581 7611 
Christie^ have 25 local offices in the UK. If yon 
would like to know the name of your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Caroline ItaSjgame on 01-606 1848 

World Chess Championship 

Karpov comeback p f 

wins 18 th game 

The nameplate after the crash and (below) as it was vrirea it was first onvefled. 

Railway crash site 
repairs under way 

Compensation for victims 
of administrative incom- 
petence and blunders in the 
courts is called for in a report 
published today (Our Legal 
Affeirs Correspondent writes). 

The report, from a commit- 
tee of lawyers set up by 
Justice, the law reform group, 
says the court system should 
be seen as a public service, 
such as the National Health 
Service, and be more geared to 
customers' needs. 

The committee also ex- 
presses concern at the rel- 
atively low number of com- 
plaints received by court 
authorities. People are un- 
aware of bow or to whom they 
should complain, the report 

The report stops short of 
recommending that there 
should be an Ombudsman 
with power to review mistakes 
by judges. But it says there 
should be regional watchdog 
committees under indepen- 
dent chairmen. 

The team , which includes 
Sir Denis Dobson QC a 
former Permanent Secretary 
of the Lord Chancellors 
Department, says that the 
Lord Chancellor’s department 
refuses to accept responsibility 
for alleged abuses in 95 per 
cent of complaints it receives. 

One problem, the report 
says, is that administration for 
the courts is split between 
departments. It recommends 
that administration for all 
courts be placed under one 
department, with the Home 
Office relinquishing control 
over magistrates’ courts. 

Continued final page 1 
the rear of the northbound 
locomotive or the front of the 
leading coach,” a BR London 
Midland region spokesman 
said yesterday. 

The southbound engine 
ended up feeing the other way 
and its driver, Mr Eric Goode, 
aged 58, from Crewe, was kill- 
ed. He was married with two 
grown-up chfldren. 

The driver of the other train 
and a trainee driver with him 
jumped dear 45 seconds be- 

applying the brakes. Thu train 
was called “The Times", nam- 
ed by the late editor, Mr 
Charles Donglas-Hoine, in the 
paper’s bicentenary year. The 
crash threw the 800 passengers 
on both trains from their seals 
and derailed 10 carriages. 

Of the 72 taken to hospital, 
32 were Hetaineri overnight. 
Thirteen were still in Stafford 
District General Hospital yes- 
today. Mr John Benin, aged 
30, of Wallasey, Liverpool, 
was said to be critically ill and 

two others are seriously ilL 
Another three, Mrs Chris- 
. tine Will jams, aged 26, and 
■ her two children, Emma, aged 
5, and Curtis, aged & months, 
were being treated in Noth 
Staffordshire Royal Infirmary. 

One of the injured is Nica- 
raguan ambassador, Mr Fran- 
cisco Diescoto. His condition 
was described as “stable". 

Some reports have sug- 
gested the Manchester tram 
went through a red light caus- 
ing the failsafe brake to stop it 

BR said it did not yet know 
whether this was the case, but 
if it had happened signals 
should have-stopped the other 

There was nothing wrong 
with the driver of the Man- 
chester train jumping out, said 
a spokesman. “It is standard 
'practice. Once you have start- 
ed braking it carries on auto- 
matically. Being there does 
not make braking any quicker. 
The driver’s job would be to 
get out and protect the train 

from behind and in front” 
BR-has refused to confirm 
■ the driver’s name but he was 
widely reported yesterday to 
be Mr Brian Shaw, from 
Bolton, Greater Manchester. 
He was suffering from shock 
after the crash and was unaUe 
.to fece sustained questioning 
from BR ofiitials 
The trainee driver, aged 19, 
had not been rostered to travel 
in the locomotive, Mr Cyril 
Bleasdale, general manager for 
London Midland region, re- 

Council in new court threat 

By Marti* Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Lambeth council in south 
London, whose ruling Labour 
group was disqualified from 
office earlier this year for 
wilful misconduct in railing to 
set a rate, is criticized for 
financial mismanagement apd 
inefficiency in a district 
. auditor's report just 

The report also says that 
past policies of creative 
accounting and deferred pur- 
chase arrangement will make 
it hard for the council to 
balance its hooks this year and 
may lead to legal action 
by the district auditor. _ 

“The council has in my. 

view ignored the reality of the 
financ ial constraints it now 
feces, and in doing so it put 
seriously at risk its-abOity to 
meet thefoture financial de- 
mands which will inevitably 
tf«i psport 


The disqualified coun- 
cillors, led by Mr Ted Knight, 
were protesting at having their 
spending plans limited by the 
Government's rate-capping 
policy, but the report makes 
dear that the council may 
have lost several million 
pounds through its own short- 
comings and its decision to 
take on the Government. 

Thai conflict with the Gov- 
ernment “seriously disrupts it 
and . distracts it (the council) 
from malting the best use-of 
the resources available to it" 

. the. repos says,... . ..i- . 

.. The, .council had foiled to 
implement the district 
auditor^ earlier recommenda- 
tions - for -rectifying dear 
management deficiencies and 
for substantially reducing 
expenditure without affecting 

. At the same time it had 
weakened its mechanisms for 
ensuring value for 'money 
from its services by diverting 
key staff to other tasks. 

New student loans plan proposed 

, By Robin Young 

University vice-chancellors 
meeting in Edinburgh this 
week are to consider a recom- 
mendation fora new system of 
student finance which would 
introduce student loans to Bri- 

The vice-chancellors* 
awards committee, chaired by 
Professor Fred Holliday of 
Durham University, is pro- 
posing a scheme under which 
students would receive a basic 
pant regardless of parents* 
income but the rest of the 
money they needed, possibly 

picket is 
called off 

ByTrudi McIntosh 

The protest group, Lincoln- 
shire Against Nuclear Dump- 
ing will today tell Nirex, the 
government nuclear waste 
agency, that it will no longer 
prevent test drilling at the 
imposed nuclear dump site at 

Contractors have already 
delivered drilling equipment 
to the three outer sites ax 
BradweU-on-Sea in Essex, 
Kiflingholme in Humberside, 
and Elstow, Bedfordshire. 

• Mr Ian Kane, chief con- 
stable of Cambridgeshire, is 
asking for an extra 120 officers 
to bap police the proposed 
cruise missile base at 

A report to his police 
committee today says that 120 
extra police will be needed 
over the next three years to 
cope with a rising crime rate, 
increased traffic accidents and 

the problems of drug abuse. 

• One of the gas-cooled 
reactors at Hinklcy Point B 
nuclear power station, Somer- 
set. shut down yesterday after 
an electrical fault was 

The Central Electricity 
Generating. Board said no 
release of radioactivity was 

The ten-year-old reactor 
will be but of service until 
later today costing the board 
several thousand pounds. A 
second reactor is working 

up to 50 percent, would come 
from loans to be paid back 
over a period of up to 10 years. 

It is suggested that the loan 
money would be retrieved 
through the tax system, and 
only employed graduates 
would be obliged to repay. 

It is not dear that the draft 
Scheme submitted by Profes- 
sor Holliday’s committee can 
command majority support 
among university leaders. 

• Freedom of speech on Bri- 
tain's campuses would be a 
major issue in the coming 

year. Professor John ‘Vincent, 
the Bristol historian arid com- 
mentator subjected to violent 
student demonstrations, pre- 
dicted yesterday. 

He confirmed that he was 
taking unpaid leave for a year 
from Bristol University's 
modern history department 
“while feelings cooled off". 

He likened the students who 
had attacked him for alleged 
racism and sexism in his col- 
umn in The Sun newspaper to 
the organised football hoofr- 
gansof West Ham. . - 

veafed yesterday; He would 
not say whether foe trainee 
driver's journey had been 
approved,' but added that 
“there are dreumstances for 
training purposes when trai- 
nee drivers do travel on loco- 
motives”. He stressed that the 
driver was at the controls. 

• Mrs Edwina Currie, the 
Health Minister yesterday vis- 
ited some of the train crash 
victims in hospital in Stafford. 
She also'thanked staff for their 
pan m the emergency. 

extra aid 

A Labour, government 
would - increase -devdogment 
aidtotbeThqd World sfemfi- 
tanily, the Labaur Party fead^ 
er, Mr NeU Kinhock, said on 
Saturday at the end of a thrCC- 
'day visit to Jamaica. 

" MrKumock said that a 
Labour government would 
immediately restore the 22 per 
cent of aid cut by the Thatcher 
administration since it came 
' to potter in 1979 and work to 
double assistance oyer 10 
years. He attacked Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher’s “meanness 
and short-sightedness” over 
aid which was In direct con- 
trast to the attitude ofthe 
British people. •' 

Mr Kinnock, who visited 
Jamaica at the invitation of 
die People’s National Party, 
said the trip - had helped to 
uixtaiine' the “damage dqne 
to international relations and 
the Commonwealth , fay our 

government in Britain". . 

• Labour : will ' promise to 
launch a campaign tor improve 
environmental health protec- 
tion ifelectecLThe programme 
will be unveiled today by. Dr 
Jack Cunningham^ the 
environment spokesman, at 
the Institution of Environ- 
mental Health Officers* cpn- 
fercudfc'rn Scarborough. 

The challenger for the world 
chess crown, Anatoly Karpov, 
made an amazing comeback 
in the second session of game 
18 on Saturday to score ha 
second consecutive win 
f pinia the champion, Gary 

At the start of Saturday's 
'adjourned session experts 
agreed that Kasparov, who 
had rejected several oppor- 
tunities to draw the 18th game 
in the first session and subse- 
quently blundered when un- 
der time pressure, would haw 
great difficulty in holding the 
position. - 

Karpov's active rooks and 
phalanx of pawns on his king 
side overwhelmed Kasparov’s 
misplaced rook on white's 
king rook file and split queen 
side pawns. 

At the close of play on 
Friday night Kasparov's 
pieces were badly scattered 
and Karpov was threatening a 
decisive infiltration via the_d- 
file into white's position with 
the Black rooks. 

Kasparov began the game 
aggressively and his 16th and 
17th moves drew high praise. 
On bis 18th move Kasparov 
launched a direct attack 
against the Black king by 
means of & pawn sacrifice and 
by move 23, white's forces 

tobe ^decisive opdaugh?^ 

' However, at that stage 
Kasparov had only 15 min- 
utes remaining on his dock 
before facing a time forfeit. In 
the face of Karoov’s stubborn 
defence it might have been 
wiser fin* Kasparov to force a 
draw by means of 28, QhS. 

Instead he played boldly for 
a win' but with an ever-de- 
creasing time period left on his 
clock. Meanwhile Karpov had 
astutely kept about 10 minutes 
in hand to surmount the final* 

During the time scramble 
Kasparov went badly astray. 
His initiative vanished and 
Black co-ordinated his forces 
for a powerful counter-attack. 
In the adjourned position 

Kasparov used up 13 minutes 
over his sealed 4lstmove. 

The challenger's win has 
brought him within one point 
of evening the score, which 
stands at 9fc for Kasparov and 
8Vfr for Karpov. 

Game 19 will be perhaps the 
most crucial of the match,- as 
with only six games left- to 
play, Karpov is still under 
pressure to win two ofthert in 
order to reg a in his title. 

The next game is scheduled 
for today and there is some 
speculation among experts as 
to whether Kasparov win use 
his last remaining time out to 
put the next game off until 

The moves (Kasparov, 

30 OH EMM 

31 RxbS Nd7 
32Bxc7 Nxc5 
33 003 Nx»4 
34Nxo4 Uxs4 

35 Bxa5 6 

36 BM Off 
37CW4 R47 
38RH7+ NgT 

39 85 Kg6 

40 0x47 Rxd7 

41 AM Rate 

Whta) (Btoc 
1 b4 Nf6 
2c4 06 . 

3 M3 M 

4 Nc3 BM 

5 Ba5 Bb7 

6 m b6 

7 BM BXC3 

8 bsccS d 6 

9 M2 o5 

10 Bg3 007 

it 2r as 

12 M RgB 

13 fag5 hxg5 

14 0 3? MS 

15 Rbl KfB 

16 Qdl Bc6 

17 m Kg7 

18 c5 bxc5 

19 BbS Nb8 

20 dxc5 d5 

21 BeS W8 

22 m NbS 

23 Qh5 ffi 

24 RK7 M7 

25 QB Kfr 

26 065+ Ktt 

27 013 Kf7 

28 Rt* NflB 

29 fl4 g4 

42 c4 m 

43 Ks2 Ret 

44 86 Rc2 

45 Kel Ra2 
46RW M3 

47 c5 Ral 

48 Kb 2 Ra2 

49 Kel g3 
5Dfxg3 fag 

51 Kn Rgx 

52 Bel Rgd 

53 c5 Ral 
54RH3 H. 

55 RM KB 

56 Rb5+ «5 

57 Ra5 Ref 

58 a7 «3: 

A B C D E F G. H 

A peep at Prince’s 
secret garden 


Those who fike Id beDeve 
that the Prince of Wales h an 
naworidjy being, more intonch 
witothe pa ranormal than wftfa 
reality, wifi hjm Uken hekrt 
from his; admlmiM on tele- 
vision last night that he talks 
to Ills plants. 

Screened from the eyes and 
long leases of the world behind 
a high Gloucestershire brick 
waH, the Prince was revealed 
indulging in a secret, and 
hitherto ansaspected, passion, 
qaietiy priding himself an lus 
invention of the bean tnaad,. 
and. debating intensely with 
his chef the merits of 
urns U tiding a new soap from a 
growth of herb tonga. 

The heir to toe throne has 
been unmasked as a dedicated 
and endrasiastfc gardener. - 
. Helped Tiy two resident 
professionals, one of whom he 
desmbed as “brilliajit at veg- 
etable growing* 1 , the Prince 
has redesigned and replanted 
the. .walled, garden of . Ms 
country home at BGgbgrove, 

turmas it into a haven of peace 

where t can escape the cares 
of his position arid, it woald 
appear, his wife, just fike any 
common man whose sanctum 
is his allotment 

ITN’s Jatest two-part docu- 

Liberals at Eastoomaie 

Britain must 

Rodgers tells partners^ 

Mr William Rodgers, vice- 
president of the Social Demo- 
cratic Party and a former 
minister or defence, told a 
Liberal Party teach-in on do- 
fence anri disarmamen t at 
Eastbourne yesterday that in a 
nuckar-anned world, a Brit- 
ain that accepted its obliga- 
tions could not contract out of 
its full participatory member- 
ship of a nuclear-armed 

The teach-in was a prelude 
to the key debate on defence at 
the Liberal Party conference 
tomorrow when Mr David 
Steel, the Liberal leader, win 
seek the backing of the con- 
ference for the joint 
Liberal /SDP commission re- 
port on defence and disarma- 
ment which gained so much 
acceptance at last week’s SDP 
conference at Harrogate. 

The Liberal leadership win 
be resisting recent moves by 
several Liberal MFs and by 
Liberal CND to commit the 
party against a replacement 
for the ageing Polaris, and a 
non-nuclear defence policy. 
Yesterday the non-nuclear 
case was put by Mr Michael 
Clark, lecturer in international 
politics at Newcastle Univer- 
sity and a . member of the 
Campaign for Nudear Dis- 

Mr Rodgers commended 
the details of the joint polity 
document to. the large audi- 
ence at the teach-ut and 
aigued it was much the better 
course to say that Trident 

should be cancelled and then 
they should consider whether, 
and if so how, Britain's 
nudear weapons should be 
maintained. Trident repre- 
sented overidlL 

Britain's duty, one which 
the Thatcher government had 
foiled to fulfil, was to play a 
full and constructive part in 
ensuring that Britain's voice 
did affect the overwhelming 
imperative of the superpow- 
ers reaching agreement oh 
arms control and dis- 

He pointed out that the 
Government, odd as it might 
seem, was catting defence 
spending by 7 per cent over 
three years. That was why the 
Alliance was right to talk 
about cancelling Trident. - 

“There is no way in which 
Britain can maintain hs con- 
ventional responsibilities 
within Nato if we continue to 
spend as much as we are 
committed to spend at present 
on Trident,” be said. 

He considered the Allianoe 
joint commission was right 
when it said the question of 
replacing Polaris was a matter 
to be settled in due course with 
reference to a number of 
objectives. The Alliance .must 
stand for a Britain that re- 
mained . a full participant 
member of the Nato uniatuvi 

Mr Stephen Brown, inter- 
national officer of CND, said 
thaj the SDP defence spokes- 
man, MrTohn Cartwright MP, 
.had. claimed, foat a European 

reduce the crashing firi^ndal 
burden ofTrident In feet, the 
Euro-deterrent project would 
undermine the ‘ cohesfon of 
western Europe by creating 
strains ' between Britain, 
France and West Ge rman y on 
the one hand and the smaller 
western European countries 
on the other. ^ 

. Mra Shirley WillianB, presi- 
dent of the 5DP, said mat if 
non-nuclear meant rejecting 
the idea of the nudear um- 
brella, that would be political 
suicide. She did not think 
many people in either the 
Liberal or SDP parties wished 
to escape from .Nato in terms 
of the umbrella and neither 
did-tiie Labour Party; ” 

Mr Paddy Ashdown, MP 
-for Yeovil attacked Labour 
Party polity bn the removal of 
United States bases from the 
Uni ted Kingdom. He said that 
a policy which said the coun- 
try should benefit from the 
nudear umbrelbbM notshare 
one iota of the risk was not 
only damagmgand dangerous 
but moral cowardice. . 

He thought the visit to 
France by Mr Steel and Dr 
Owen had achieved touch 
more than.’ maity of them 
believed possible^ The 
possibility was opening up of 
being able to achieve greater 
western co-ordination of 
nudear Weapons. ^ - . ; 

‘lesson for 

There should be closer co- 
operation throughout Europe 
about the future of nuclear 
power, Mr Richard Moore, 
political adviser to the liberal 
Group in the European party, 
told the Commission on Eu- 
rope yesterday. - 

- Cosing down every unclear 
station in Britain would do 
nothing to solve the problem 
of nudear pollution, disposal 
of midearwaste or the danger 
of another Chernobyl, he said. 

What was needed, was an 
approach to our European 
partners to explain British 
fears about nuclear power and 
to point out that these islands 
were rich in oil, gas and coal 
which conld form a frame- 
work for a common energy 

That would allow a check, 
not an abandonment, of the 
rush, into nudear power. 

“Then we should say we are 
prepared- to discuss the shar- 
ing of our resources. If not, the 
proliferation of nudear sta- 
tions across the Channel will 
go ahead without lei or 

: Mr Gordon Lishman, 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Pen die, said the 
pany had allowed the idea of 
the: European ideal to become 
the. preserve of the worthy. 
They should sec that Europe 
became a matter of im- 
portance, to everyone; 


Jiia’ * fl 

V I 

ntentary on the public and 
private life of toe Waleses* the 
first half of which was 
- Kneotf'bst 'night, k ex- 
pected to generate £1.5 million 
in transmission fees, which 
wfll g® to die Prince's 

Sir Alastair Barnet and his 

camera crew were mven exten- 
sive fly-on-the-wall facilities 
to observe toe royal couple at 
work and at home: One scene 
viewers did not see was a short 
sequence of toe entire family 
splashing about In .the 
Highgrove swimming pool; 
Pafece officials asked for it to 
be dropped on the grounds 
that it was “inappropriate", 
according to ITN. 

The Prince was semi enter- 
ing the Highgrove walled gar- 
den through a Taj Mahal- 
shaped gateway which he 
designed himself. “I've put my 
heart and soal into this and I 
rtiinfc it's enormously enjoy- 
able. : - 

“I was never a gardener 
before I came here, but toe 
moment I had somewhere t of 
my own, all this appeared* I 
want to try and. improve apd 
create and hope to leave 
something better behind," Jhe 
Prince said. 

New ban; 
on Leeds 
fans call 

Continued from page 1 ' 
minutes before firemen, who 
were tackling an earlier arson, 
were able to restore order. 

The second division gamp 
restarted .in .from of just 800 
fens who braved the chaos to 

Detective Chief Inspector 
David Smith told a press 
conference yesterday: .“It 
would have been horrendous 
if these thugs had managed ‘to 
tip the van over. It would ha,W 
toppled burning fat straight 
onto thousands of fensi 
“ As it was it was amazing 
how much smoke billowbd 
down; it was so thick yob 
could not see across -the 

. Two policewomen were in- 
jured before the game when 
they tried to break up a gang of 
between 50 and 60 Bradford 
supporters roaming the city 
A total of 64 people were 
detained after various violent 

Mr MiUichip said last night: 
"They are not football follow- 
crs.This isa breakdown of law 
And order not only In .this 
country bui throughout the 
whole of Europe, and it isa 
matter for .government 
throughout Europe to find, 
some sort of answer.” 

Libel claim 

Runc *e, wife tif 

the AfxHibishop ofCanteriiiiW 
w claiming libel damages ow 
a story. in The Star about tot 
in: Cape Town 
of Archbishop Tutp. ' 

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i:iiis call 

. ■ ,•!# 
{If! 1 1 

Organized crime link 

to £200m spending 
by London’s drug users 



;,* By Stewart Tendier, Crime Reporter 

^ sSonilKM 1 (Tm^Sh "** ** Jo ^ n JJJfo between £50,000 and 

•year in London aionp^v^t I ? eUow * assistant comnus- £70.000. 
mg to estimates of the d™ §?? CT *5* Metropolitan Tbe conference wiB be told 

nSrEt SSr 1 ? Police and head of all CID that noUce recently recovered 

• market to ^ ^ rouce ™ head of afl CID 

rfSSL^ , S2l5 , te l ^.qiKrations in London. 

: •? inference of senior Scot- 
r : land Yard detectives and lead- 
- . mg executives from the British 
-• security industry, 

Th e conference, examining 
--trends in- Britain’s serious 
i -.-cnme, will also hear how 
i: criminals sue becoming more 
- .and more organized as they 

Speaking against a back- 
ground of statistics and re- 
search which suggest that 
Britain has np to 50^)00 
narcotics addicts, many of 
them based in the capital, Mr 
Dellow whiten the conference 
that in 1984 London addicts 
spent £100 million on heroin. 

' RiAiM r ... .... J million on nerom. 

drug distribution. 

- - Criminals are said to be 
mirroring legitimate busi- 
nesses by using market re- 
search, planning, investment 
and even the equivalent of 
-legal departments. 

The huge organized struc- 
•ture of American drug (Im 11 i^ » 
and trafficking could even- 
tually reach Britain, the con- 
ference win be told. 

• The development of or- 
ganized crime and the prob- 
lems of the illegal drug 

LKUow, spent another es- 
timated £100 milli on on other 
drugs which are likely to 
include cannabis, cocaine, 
amphetamines and synthetic 

Criminals have become at- 
tracted to the drug market 
because the outlay is low, the 
risk slight, and the return 
lucrative. Funds from rob- 
beries or thefts are used to 
finance drug operations. 

One Hire of a simple chemi- 
cal costing £1 50 can be' turned 
by a reasonably competent 

iWW.T, ■ 7. .. ,-ir 1 , “p vy o xowuuaoiy tumpeieui 

industry will be described at chemist into amphetamines 

Police plea over 
violence in home 

| - - Better training for police in 
: -dealing with domestic vi- 
olence m called for in a 
Metropolitan Police report 
The report, which is being 
studied by department chiefs, 
conies after research that sug- 
- ,gests official figures seriously 
1 .underestimate the extent of 
; violence in the home. 

The research suggests that if 
wives were prepared to give 
l evidence against their nus- 
* bands in all domestic assaults 
•reported, the total recorded 
‘ -could rise more than tenfold, 

1 from 300 to 4,500 in the area 
. covered by the force. That 
' compares with 19,000 serious 
assaults in all during 1984. 

* As it is, the force is es- 
timated to receive 58,000 calls 
a year on alleged domestic 
trouble of all lands. 

' - The figures were given to 
The Times by Chief Inspector 
Paul Green, chairman of the 
Metropolitan Police working 
group on domestic violence, 
which produced the report 
They are derived from re- 
search by bjiss Susan Ed- 
wards, a research fellow of the 
■" " ' •.•4- 

Vine title 
may go to 

Polytechnic of Central Lon- I 
don, collating details of crimes j 
reported initially ' and sub- 
sequently withdrawn or re- 1 

There is no one cause of 
domestic violence, Mr Green 
says. Studies disclose that 
childhood experience is an 
influence; if a boy sees bis 
father beating his, mother, 
there is a tendency for him to 
heat his own wife in the next 
generation. Drink also plays a 

One issue feeing the police 
is whether the wish of the 
victim not to take a complaint 
further should continue to be- 

In the past foe wife conld 
not be compelled to give 
evidence against her husband; 
now her evidence can be taken 
into account 

Often there are more deep- 
seated problems between man 
and wife than foe incident 
which gave rise to foe vi- 
olence. One of foe aims of 
better training would be to 
help police become aware of 
special circumstances-. 


The conference will be told 
that police recently recovered 
2.00 litres of the chemical 
which had been stolen and 
might have been destined for 
underground laboratories. 

The conference will hear of 
a case last year where foe FBI 
raided a group which had 
handled $242 million in eight 
months. On the day the 
Americans made their arrests 
S3 million was entering foe 

The conference will be told 
that operations had become so 
vast that money was no longer 
counted but weighed. Legiti- 
mate businesses were used for 
concealing drug money. 

The conference will also be 
told of the problems in Britain 
presented by kidnapping, 
extortion and the contamina- 
tion of food to blackmail big 

The executives will be tokl 
of the need for fresh precau- 
tions and the formulation of 
crisis plans. 

victims’ of 

' Women victims of burglary 
suffer from shaking, shivering, 
feeb'ng dazed or “unreal” and 
insomnia, according to a study 
by two research fellows of the 
Centre for Criminological Re- 
search at Oxford University. 
Assault victims of both sexes 
suffer similar symptoms (Our 
Home Affairs Correspondent 

High proportions of victims 
of many types of crime report 
lingering or lasting effects. 
There is dear evidence that at 
least for several weeks, bur- 
glary, assault and robbery 
have serious consequences for 
many victims, especially 
women. Miss Claire Corbett 
writes in Criminal Justice, the 
magazine of foe Howard 
League for Penal Reform. - 
“Most of the raped women I 
interviewed admitted that 
their partners were not 
particularly effective in 
supporting them. Other re- 
search indicates that longer 
term partnership problems 
are a concomitant of rape.” 

F'Jil- i 

London's world famous 
Billingsgate Fish Market gave 
the great British supper a 
fitting tribute yesterday. 

The market opened its doors 
to about 9,000 visitors to prove 
there is more to fish than 

More than 100 dffierent 
varieties of fish were on dis- 

play, including a tank of live 
salmon. There were also cook- 
ery demonstrations and 

Pearly Kings and Queens 
attended the lair which was 
opened by the Lord Mayor of 
London, Sir Allan Davis, to 
raise money for a London 
scanner appeaL 

Mr David Jolley, chief exec- 

utive of the London Fish 
Merchants’ Association, said: 
“We wanted to show people 
bow many different varieties of 
fish there are. And some will 
even be able to get a taste. 

“We auctioned off all the 
fish — bat the live salmon 
which we pnt in the Thames.” 

(Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

Test-tube baby ‘last resort’ 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

. Russia may soon have foe 
■largest acreage of vineyards in 
foe world, according to a book 
‘published today. Jands Rob- 1 
. inson, lie Sunday Tuna wine 
■correspondent, says in Pore*, 
Grapes and Wines, that the 
USSR is “fast catching np” to 
the more than four million 
acres under vines in Spain. 

• France’s vineyards were re- 
duced by more than a fifth in 
foe last decade for which 
figures are available, leaving 
that country in fourth place, 
behind Italy. , 

Miss Robinson has cal- 1 
dilated that foe world’s most | 
widely planted grape varieties 
are those wine lovers wul 
.never have heard of. The white 
Airen grape of La Mancha in | 
.-Spain covers far more land 
than any other, 1,190,000 
acres, compared with only 
85,000 acres for foe classic 
C har donnay and about 70,000 
acres for Saurignou. 

The Russian Rkatsiteh is 
the second most planted white 

KhwsT Grapes and ^ 

Janos Rahim WJUKHsC 
ed by Mitchell Beazley; £IoJ5). 
41 A team of four wine enthu- 
siasts from Britain has won 
third place in an international 
wine competition in Germany. 

Blood donors 
quit in Ulster 

Blood donation s»sions at 
two army bases m West 
Belfast, believed to Ire 
Whherock ramp and uus 
Springfield Road post, have 
■bren cancelled, became foe 

staff fear Pnmsmna* «A 

death threats, it was confirmed 

*nd s«il Of the 

Whitehall looking 
at Aids screening 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Compulsory health checks volving officials from the Do- 
on African visitors to Britain partment of Health, the Over- 
far traces of Aids are being seas Development Associa- 
considered by tlx: Govern- tion and and the British Coun- 
ment because of growing con- dL which is responsible for fo- 
cern about the risks of import- reign students attending Bitt- 
ing the infection. ish univesities and colleges. 

The Foreign Office yes- The spread of Aids across 
terday denied a Sunday Tele- many African states has reacb- 
graph report that Sir Geoffrey ed such alarming levels that 
Howe, foe Foreign Secretary, scientists believe radical pub- 
had ordered an investigation fre health measures are essen- 
iuto the threat to Britain of tiaL Evidence of transmission 
Aids carriers from African of the infection across African 
countries including Zambia, national borders has been do- 
Uganda and Tanzania. cumented by researchers. 

But the Foreign Office con- Many specialists believe the 
firmed foal senior officials in disease originated in central 
Hfttlfh. Immigration and Africa. . 

countries including Zambia, 
Uganda and Tanzania. 

But the Foreign Office con- 
firmed foal senior officials in 
Health. Immigration and 
other departments are study- 
ing reports from British High 
Commissioners about foe 
high level of Aids infection in 
African slates, and consider- 
ing whether any protective ac- 
tion should betaken. 

A recommendation that 
screening of visitors, particu- 
larly students, from foe coun- 
tries under scrutiny should be 
introduced, and should in- 
clude blood tests, has been 
made by a senior British 
diplomat in Africa. 

They have concluded that 
much of the continent now re- 
presents a huge reservoir of in- 
fection to which other popula- 
tions. such as in Europe and 
the United States, are at in- 
creasing risk because of inter- 
national travel 

The Foreign Office said yes- 
terday: “The incidence of Aids 
in central Africa is well known 
and naturally we have receiv- 
ed reports from our High 
Commissioners on that sub- 

iplomat in Africa. commissioners on max suo- 

Ttaat suggestion, and other ject .There Reports arebdng 
jssible forms of action, are to p onac ^£'d ^ decision 
i discussed at a meeting in- has yet been made.. 

Thousands of childless cou- 
ples who spend years in a 
futile search for medical help 
would have more chance of 
becoming parents through im- 
proved advisory services 
rather than the “last resort" of 
test-tube baby techniques, a 
leading specialist said 

Doctors who try to avoid 
discouraging or disheartening 
couples wi Lh fertility problems 
may merely lead them down 
“a long path of 
disappointment”, Mr Robert 
Winston, director of foe In- 
fertility Clinic -at Hammer- 
smith Hospital, London, said. 

Sex advice 
in church 

The, church is not giving 
young people foe advice they 
need about sex, according to a 
survey of young born-again 
Christians, who say they know 
sex is wrong outside marriage 
— but they have not been 
taught why. 

Nevertheless 83 per cent of 
foe 2,000 people polled are 
still virgins. Some 97 per cent 
of those questioned, aged be- 
tween 16 and 29, believe the 
church does not offer enough 
advice on sexual ethics. 

Two in three criticize their 
local church — mostly Baptist 
and Anglican — for railing to 
give biblically based teaching 
on sex and relationships. 
More than half say they have 
never heard a sermon on a 
sexual issue. 

Nearly two in three single 
Christians think kissing is as 
far as a courting couple should 
go before marriage, just under 
one in three believes petting is 
foe limit, but 99 per cent say 
they believe sex outside mar- 
riage is wrong. 

Most manage to practise 
what they preach — only one 
in six had intercourse before 
marriage. Most of these felt 
“regret and guilt” afterwards. 
Five out of six do not go be- 
yond petting. 

“We can be tempted to offer 
them treatment well beyond 
foe r ealms of what is realistic,’ 
he said. 

Women and their partners 
were prepared to spend years 
of time and large sums of 
money in private duties 
pursuing the dream of a child 
through in-vitro fertilization, 
although 'the treatment was 
seldom successful, he said. 

Mr Winston, a 
gynaecologist and senior lec- 
turer in fertility studies at 
Loudon University, is author 
of Infertility: A Sympathetic 
Approach, published today. 

The Hammersmith clinic 

has delivered about 80 test- 
tube babies in foe past few 
years, but IVF is unsuitable 
for most patients seeking help, 
he writes. “No couple should 
go in for this treatment unless 
they feel strong enough to 
withstand the anxiety 

Mr Winston said yesterday: 
“IVF is the most invasive, foe 
most expensive, foe most 
emotionally demanding treat- 
ment with the least chance of 
success. That really makes it 
foe test resort” \7 
Infertility: A Sympathetic Ap- 
proach (Martin- Dunitz, Lon- 
don; £9.95)1 - 

6 cost a 
£ 135 , 000 ’ 

By Tnidt McIntosh 

A mother with two children 
could lose an estimated 
£135,000 in earnings during 
her working life, according to 
a report on foe latest birth 
trends and costs published 

Haring a baby has become 
one of the main financial 
commitments that many peo- 
ple will undertake during their 
working lives, foe report. Ba- 
bies And Money , published by 
the Family Policy Studies 
Centre in Loudon, says. 

The estimate of £ 1 35.000 in 
lost earnings is based on 
working patterns and earnings 
of a "typical” woman, who 
leaves a £6,000-a-year full- 
time job to have her first child 
at the age of 24, and a second 
child four years later, return- 
ing to part-time work when 
the youngest child is five. 

Her working career, span- 
ning 10 years part-time work, 
then nine year’s fiill-iime and 
reverting to pan-time work at 
the age of 52. is compared to 
what she would have earned 
had she remained childless 
and worked full-time for the 
same employer until the age of 
54. and switched to part-time 
w-ork until retirement. 

The mother’s overall loss in 
earnings includes £54.400 for 
vears away from employment. 
£48,800 for sboner hours and 
£3X300 for lower rates of pay. 

Miss Jo Roll, the report’s 
author, said foe latest figures 
showed that a single baby is 
likely to cost its parents an 
average of £30,000 in direct 
costs by the time it has 
reached the age of 16. 

“But the cost to its mother 
of giving up paid work in 
order to look after it is much 

An Equal Opportunities 
Commission report this year 
estimated that if the European 
Economic Community's cur- 
rent proposals for “parental 
leave”, for either parent to 
care for children, without loss 
of pay, were introduced in 
Britain, and a woman on 
average earnings was able to 
return to paid work just one 
year early, she would gain 
£9,300 during her lifetime. 

Last year 723,100 babies 
were bom in Britain, nearly 
one in five outside marriage. 

• Babies and Money: Birth 
Trends and Costs (The Family 
Policy Studies Centre, 231 
Baker Street, London NWJ, 


kept on 

Mr Peter Seqneira, the win- 
ner of the £4,000 daily Port- 
folio Cold prize on Saturday, 
said yesterday he could not 
believe his eyes when be came 
np with foe winning numbers. 

“After 30 years of not even 
succeeding in an office sweep. 
! checked my Portfolio Gold 
card again and again to make 
sure it was my lucky day,” Mr 
Seqneira. a retired consultant 

pathologist from Wilmslow, 
Cheshire, said. 

His wife, Mary, described 
the ■ win as a "gorgeous 

There were no winners of 
the £8,000 weekly Portfolio 
Gold prize. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 


' ? . w ■ 

\ ■ 

Mr Peter Seqneira. played 
“just for fun”. 

say 200,000 
try suicide 

Two hundred thousand sui- 
cide attempts are made an- 
nually, according to a report 
published by foe Samaritans 

Government figures show at 
least one person kills himself 
or herself every two hours in 
Britain and that the suicide 
rate has increased from 3.693 
jo England and Wales in 1975 
to 4,419 last year. 

Bat the Samaritans say 
these figures are conservative. 
Their own figures show one 
person attempts suicide every 
tw<Mtinta-faalf minutes. 




Sex bias in pensions highlighted 


Sexual discriminatiem in of 65 former and 92 percrat 
pension schemes is highlight- had a retirement age of 60 for 
ed in a leaflet published yes- women, 
terday by foe Equal Opportim- & unfejr to men, the 

i ties Commission. leaflet, People, Parity and 

The leaflet is intended to Pensions, says because they 
focus attention on foe need to have to work longer than 

St being seen visiting anny 


provide more adequately for women before they can draw a 
women’s income in retire- pension. It is also unrair to 
ment, but it points out that women because many of them 
discrimination can work needed to go on working to 
aminst men and women. build up a better pepsion to 
, enr make up for years spent at 

showed^^82 pwcenuJfthe home caring fortorS,^ 

occupational pension schemes Other examples of unequal 
surveyed had a retirement age treatment are: 

• Schemes where women who 
choose to work until 65 are 
allowed to build up extra 
pensions, but in which men 
can get the same extra pen- 
sions only if they work until 
they are 70. 

• Most schemes automatical- 
ly provide pensions for wid- 
ows of male members, but far' 
fewer schemes - 31 per cent in 
foe survey — automatically 

E de widowers' pensions. 
p._ Parity and Pensions. 
icity Section, EOC, Over- 
seas House. Quay SteeL Man- 
chester M3 3HNV 

Tnauirv into police car chase deaths 

" By Stewart Tendier, Crime Replorter 

. A ^ ^ By Stewart Tender, Crime Rejtorter 

- Carmine Buffolino, examining the case and the 

. Tinge rases where yownfi- andRichard Sharon, coraplatnte aufoomy is 

oeoole have been killed m fro m Willesden, overseeing its work. The 


SfS'sas gSjsase 

AU ^nr in vchate being R ^nl «e invoWB the 

tea by police car on Ct TbT Westminster coroner “f™ 1 3 note ow? 

ansvw a call for assistance ™ ^ w ^ chased by Kent po»« 

from an officer chasing a “^ fdec iding on foe priority turned ivimnlainM fllllhontV 

Scania have never been tempted to compete on 

cost alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean sacrificing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
research and development, we might have to cut 
a few comers. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuei economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we'd be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, we'd be able to offer you a cheaper truck But 
i! would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn't last as long. And when the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn't 
be so healthy. 

Scania promise you years of low-cost operation 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement. 


SSBtwsr vtzprZZ 

five people, faced a driving «wu FAnsay ^ 

^ Earlier this month an 
quest returned versts of 
misadventure on foe ™ 

five people, tacea » — * ^ 2i jn FAruary this year 

3 Sd'iJtS sg ^ 

^^ofdectSng o n the priorit y 

in the 

in v^u£rion bureau is now , esses e.e time when ^ctdems 

involving the police have 
become the centre of 

A group calling itself Victim 
has been founded by. Mrs 
Joyce Taylor, a south Loudon 
woman whose daughter aged 
20 died during a car chase two 
years ago, to bring families 
together and put pressure for 
investigations into cases. 

Mrs Taylor has traced 42 
deaths since October 1984 
-which, she says,- involved 
police drivers — but she bad 
not heard ofeitherthe Beale or 
Church cases. 

Scania. Building trucks, building reputations. 

• -k- 



ER 22 1986 

-5 ' V 

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. vV it* 

5 «*?•** ^ 

, iv* T7 . \ 


■P. T- 1 

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WeVeno longer prepai^ed just 

to Dick UD the nieftne 

At least 80% of all road accidents are the result 
of human error. 

We found these facts unacceptable, too. 

As unacceptable as the traditional idea that 

AfUcHj^nf 11 J . i , P ^ uuacceptaoie as me traditional idea that 

A t least 80% of all road accidents could therefore insurance companies are do anything but 

be avoided. 

With that in mind, consider this .. . 

5,165 people were killed on Britain’s roads in 1985. 
Thats 14 lives for every day of the year. 

dear up after the event. 

That’s what drove us to re-examine our role. 

And that’s why General Acddent, with the blessings 
and co-operation of the Department of Transport, has 

1 _ J _ .1- . • t .. r V 

■» — i — v* -^^tu.uM4v^AiL vi naiiapon., nas 

And for every single day, another 855 casualties, embarked on a determined effort to promote Road 
Yet 80% of this appalling carnage could have been Safety. 

avoided. / . Because we’ ve realised we do have a significant p art 

Along with 80% of the crippling financial cost, which to play. And if we can help to reduce that 80% we wilL 

last year topped £2,800 million. Our contribution includes major new Road Safety 

Research and the mtoduction of educational “Intpri ' 
a(i^”\^deoinachii^fqr‘k:^^ . r « ^ 

, - Forthe faxnily, wdrepmdudng a special Road Safety 
book and Roadsafe Fgifflly^of the Tfear”-a new; ahnuat't 
national oofopefitionV ^ 

Andanothdr majOT^iceof our£2 miliion mvesbnenf - 
g P» to . eD able the D.O.fl te.broaden the scope of iw 
Advertising programme: 1 V’ ' »t 

‘ That’s for Europeari'KiM Safety %an . . ' w f . 

: For next year; we hpM(|gi- plans in store. >i 

fomov^ wa tch tbis^fe.^nd pkase, please, mint? 

^WyOU-gO. . ~tjr+^r'2SS.'±,c:m:i ■-■'.■ . - 

radical new motoring policy. f=or road salelvLFor lii^: 


r- l - 


Crop survey 

Harvest up on last year 

. By John Young 

Agriculture Correspondent 

This year’s British grain 
harvest is likely to total 
slightly more than 24.500.000 
tonnes, according to the third 
and final crop survey com- 
piled by The Times. 

The estimate neatly com- 
plements those made by the 
Ministry of Agriculture and 
the National Farmers' Union 
last week, which were 25 mil- 
lion and 24 million tonnes res- 

Although well short of the 
1984 record of 26.5 million 
tonnes, it is still the second 
highest and a marked 
improvement on last year. 

Because of the huge over- 
capacity in world grain pro- 
duction. bumper harvests are 
no longer seen as a blessing. 
But. as a result of drought in 
southern Europe, farmers are 
enjoying unexpectedly strong 
demand and high prices, and 
consequently very little grain 
is going into intervention 

The overall picture is still 
patchy, as harvesting has been 
held up by cold, wet weather 
in late August and early Sep- 
tember. Most of the corn has 
been cut in southern England, 
but it has been very slow m the 
North and Scotland, and a 
Tayside grower had still not 
started in mid-September. 

The general feeling appears 
to be one of relief that it has 
turned out to be a much better 
year than expected “A smile 
has returned to many farmers’ 
faces and their bank managers 

The table below shows the 
expected yields in tonnes a 
hectare of the principal crops 
in Britain compared with the 
previous five years and the ten 
year average (1976-66) at 

ttiesame data. 

Key. W-wheafc B-tariey; O- 
oilseed rape; P-potatoes; S~ 
sugar beet. 

w a o p s 

1981 5.7 4.6 — 30A 32* 

1962 6.1 5.1 - 34.9 39* 

1983 62 4.9 — 26.3 312 

1984 7* 6,0 3.7 31 * 35* 

196S 6* 52 22 36* 41.9 

1986 6* 5* 3.1 38.1 40.6 








km* gee 

Division 4 



D erbysh ire 







8.7 5* 2* 37.7 - 

6.4 5.6 2.6 - - 

6.7 34 2.4 - - 

7.1 5.7 3.1 35* 41.4 

7.7 6* 3* 37.7 40.1 

5.7 4* 3.1 25* - 

6* 5.9 3.1 - - 

6* 5* 3* 33* 40* 

W B O P S 

6* 5.4 3.1 33.1 - 

6.3 5* 3.4 45* - 

7* 6* 2* - I 

6.8 5* 3.1 36.4 40.1 

7* 62 3* - - 

72 62 -412 43.7 
7.6 5* 3* 36* 38.8 
7.1 5*3238* 40* 

lOywrevfle 5A 4* -306 33.1 gngQsh Avgas 62 5J 11 334 40.6 

Division 1 























I O P S 

i -40* 45.0 
I 32 382 43* 
ZE - 42* 

1 32 30* - 

I 3* - - 

i 3.1 45* 42.0 
3*41* 38* 
3*31.0 36* 
32 37.6 41.7 

72 62 2.4 - - 

4* 32 2.4 - - 

6.4 52 22 334 I 
62 5.1 3.1 35* 422 
6.7 5.7 2.7 272 - 

7.1 5.4 3.4 35.1 37* 
72 6.7 3* 45* - 

62 4*3235.1 37.7 
6*5.1 - - - 

7* 62 2* - - 

6.7 5.4 2.9 35* 39.1 












Western isles 



4 A 2.5 32* 
72 3* - 

62 42 3* 317 

8* 54 31 336 

W B O P 

7.0 5* - 

Mid Glamorgan - - - 

Powys 7.7 6* - - 

S Glamorgan 9* 7* 3* 25* 

WGtemornan - - - 

Division 3 W B O P S 

Cornwall 72 62 - 312 - 

can put an extra donation in 
the harvest festival collec- 
tion.” a correspondent in the 
vale of York write3 
Hurricane Charley is widely 
mentioned, although the de- 


7* 6* 30 25.0 

GT BRITAIN 62 5* 31 36.1 40* 

vastation was not as bad 
everywhere as had been fear- 
ed. A Staffordshire reader 
claims that some barfey fields 
suffered a 50 percent loss and 
a colleague in Swaledale, 

North Yorkshire, says walls 
and fences were damaged as 
well as crops. 

A Cheshire man reports that 
his wheat yield was the best 
for years and in another part , 
of North Yorkshire a grower . 
estimates that yields were as 1 
good as in 1984, 

One of the gloomiest assess- 
ments comes from Wiltshire, ' 
where a reader describes it as a 
miserable harvest, of very 
variable quality and with a 
high moisture content. But in 
the same county a colleague 
expresses delight with his org- 
anically grown winter wheat, 
which in some fields has 
yielded more than two tonnes 
an acre with no chemicals. 

Oilseed rape has had a 
mixed reception. A Shropshire 
grower reports that it all 
cropped well, even after the 
hard winter, and a Lincoln- 
shire man says results were 

Potatoes appear to be doing 
well in most areas, and a 
Shropshire grower says they 
could prove to be the saviour 
of the arable man this yean- In 
Cheshire they are reported to 
be harvesting well after a poor 
late start. 

A Devon reader, however, 
describes it as **a terrible year 
for blight,” a complaint which 
appears to be widespread in 
the West Country and in 
South Wales. 

Sugar beet in Norfolk is 
reported to be catching up 
nicely from the late start, and 
a reader in Lincolnshire ex- 
pects an above average crop. 

■ • ‘ ' /-vy 

v.~ : ;• 

Viv Richards captaining an AO Star XI against Mike 
Breariey Mind XI at a charity match for the National Asso- 
ciation for Mattel Health at Finchley, north London, 
yesterday. With him is BQJ FrindaU, the cricket statistician 
normally heard and not seen (Photograph: Chris Harris)* 

Gulf ruler Magazine 
sued for in BBC 

£476,000 dispute 

The Amir of Qatar, the Gulf The BBC has awarded z 
state, is being sued for contract to an Ulster com pan j 
£476,000, the balance of a .which intends to publish z 
£2368,000 bill for budding national magazine about BBC 
works at Beechwood, his man- programmes, to be distributed 
sion in Hampstead Lane, free to II million homes is 
Highgate, north London. Britain. 

The mansion, set in 12 The magazine will be largely 
acres, was bought by the late written by BBC staff, but the 
King K ha led of Saudi Arabia BBC will not collect royalties 
in I977for £1,900,000. Today or share in the profits. The 
it jS' estimated to be worth £8 contract was awarded without 
million. He was thought to competitive bidding. 
jmve s pent only a fortnight at Mr James Hawthorne, the 
Beechwood, which the amir controller of BBC Ulster, is 
bought last year* said to have written a letter 

John Lelhott, the builders, taking exception to a claim by 
have issued a High Court wrrt ^ company that it has been 
against the amir and his given ifa e right to distribute 
technical office daumng that fte magazinenationafly. 
m 3 spite of repwled requ^ts But the company. In Focus 
they are still owed £476,000. Publishing, insisted that it 

Ely Cathedral 
fund gets £lm 

One million pounds has 
already been promised to- 
wards the £4 million appeal to 
save the 900-year-old Ely 
Cathedral, it was disclosed at 
the weekend launch. 

Organizers said one Cam- 
bridgeshire family had given 
£200,000 and East Cam- 
bridgeshire District Council 
had promised £150.000. 

Duke to get 
rates subsidy 

Hie Duke of Norfolk is to 
receive a rates subsidy to help 
to pay for the floodlighting of 
Arundel Castle in West 

The leisure and tourism 
committee of Aran council has 
agreed in principle to pay a 
quarter of the cost to a 
maximum of £7,500. 

£1 million gift 

Glasgow University has an- , 
nounced that it has received a 
bequest of more than £1 
million for medical research. 

The bequest is from Mrs 
Helen Burton of, Elie, Fife. 

The BBC has awarded a 
contract to an Ulster company 
which intends to publish a 
national magazine about BBC 
programmes, to be distributed 
free to II million homes in 

The magazine will be largely 
written by BBC staff, but the 
BBC will not collect royalties 
or share in the profits. The 
contract was awarded without 
competitive bidding. 

Mr James Hawthorne, the 
controller of BBC Ulster, is 
said to have written a letter 
taking exception to a claim by 
the company that it has been 
given the right to distribute 
the magazine nationally. 

But the company. In Focus 
Publishing, insisted that it 
plans to make the magazine a 
national. The firm has been 
established by the former 
Unionist MP, Mr Roy Brad- 
ford, and Mrs Kathy DiUon, a 
journalist and public-relations 
consultant who has no pre- 
vious national publishing 

Mrs Dillon said the contract 
with the BBC gives her com- 
pany the right to use the BBCs 
name on a magazine. BBC In 
Focus, which it intends to dist- 
ribute initially bi-monthly, 
and later every month. 

The magazine wQl start 
publication in Northern Ire- 
land in November and will go 
national next year, according 
to Mrs Dillon. She said her 
company is backed by Mr 
Roy Bradford, a former Ulster 
Unionist MP. and Mr Patrick 
Hunt, an Ulster businessman. 

Mr Ian Kennedy, deputy 
head of programmes at BBC 
Ulster, said he was surprised 
that the magazine intends to 
be national. “There have been 
no negotiations about it going 
national.” he said. 

But Mrs Dillon said; “Our 
contract does give us the right 
10 publish the magazine 
throughout the UK. Obvious- 
ly it's going to end up being a 
national magazine.” 

y ; , W:>w. • 

v'v = 

Science report 

Anti-viral agents offer 
clue to common cold 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

,r.i - v 

Research to find a cure for 
the common cohl has moved a 
step further with an investiga- 
tion in minute detail into the 
shape of the virus that causes 
the cold. 

With that knowledge, sci- 
entists believe they now have a 
way or rendering the organism 
helpless, and hence can pre- 
vent the spread of infection. 

The work was done by a 
team led by Dr Michael 
Rossman. of Purdue Univer- 
sity in the United States, who 
last year produced the first 
three-dimensional picture of a 
rhino virus, the best known of 
the cold-causing agents. 

The structure of the virus 
was assembled with the help of 
the latest techniques in com- 
puter graphics. 

With the picture of the 
organism, the researchers 
have pinpointed the spot on 
the outer coating of the vires to 
which anti-viral agents could 
be attached to prevent it from 

The study nsing human 
rhinovirus provides the first 
glimpse of bow anti-viral 
agents work within the struc- 
ture of a rims. It is hoped that 
understanding may lead to 
new weapons against other 
vira! diseases. 

Dr Thomas J. Smith, a 
scientist on the project, said: 
“By examining in detail the 
taction where these com- 

pounds bind, awl learning 
more about the specific agents 
used in this binding process, 
scientists may be better able to 
target drugs against the virus 

The findings are contained 
in the current issue of the 
journal. Science. In their re- 
port the scientists describe the 
site which is located on one of 
the four virus proteins which 
intertwine to create the 20- 
sided stru ct ure of the comm on 
cold vims. 

Dr Rossman said he used 
two compounds developed by a j 
research group at Sterling 
Drag company. They rendered 
the vires helpless by prevent- 
ing its outside coat Cram 
opening to release its genetic 
material, which in some vi- 
ruses is then bon odeic acid, or 
RN A, derivative of the strands 
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic 
add. which records genetic 
information in the nucleus of 

Without RNA to direct the 
synthesis of more viral pro- 
teins, the organism cannot 
replicate and spread infection. 
Dr Mark McKmlay. director 
of microbiology at the Ster- 
Ung-W'infhrop Research In- 
stitute in Rensselaer, New 
York, hopes that the knowl- 
edge of how and where the 
drags interact with the vires 
may help the company to 
develop more effective com- 


Tourist Britain 

Many visitors are 
appalled by litter 

In the first of two articles 
Robin Vonng examines the 
shortcomings which the British 
Tourist Authority finds in 
Britain os a tourist destination 
and the urns in which it 
believes the countre "s facilities, 
and attitudes, will have to be 
improved if we arc to realize 
our maximum potential^ earn- 
ings from miter people's holi- 

Last year 14.5 million over- 
seas visitors came to Britain, 
five million more than in 
1975. In real terms the £5.5 
billion they spent here was 62 
per cent more than foreign 
visitors' expenditure a decade 

The British Tourist Author- 
ity predicts that by 1992 we 
can expect 20 million visitors 
a year, an increase in traffic of 
more than a third over seven 
y&us. By then it is forecast 
that foreign spending in the 
United Kingdom will be more 
than £10 billion a year, and if 
fere payments to British carri- 
ers are included, the value of 
tourist trade will reach £12 

Domestic tourism has not 
shown so much real growth. 
Although the British are mak- 
ing nine million more trips a 
year within the United King- 
dom than they did 10 years 
ago. their duration tends to be 
shorter, and the spending 
involved has increased in real 
terms by only 6 per cent. 

Those, like the English 
Tourist Board, who forecast 
an increase of more than a 
tenth in domestic tourism by 
1992. and spending up by at 
least a fifth, rely partly on the 
belief that of those travelling 
abroad, half do not seek sun, 
sea and sand, but choose areas 
climatically similar to the 
United Kingdom. 

According to the tourist 
authority uie two most im- 
portant areas for general 
improvement are standards of 
serv ice, and liner. Service in 
Britain is too often grudging, 
sloppy, rude, or completely 
lacking, while some foreign 
visitors are appalled to find 
that they are taking conducted 
tours of what looks to them 
like the unkempt rubbish tip 
of Europe. 

We cannot do much about 
the climate, but we could 
clean up the street! the tourist 
authority argues. Similarly, it 
says there should be more 
attention to standards of ser- 
vice. and to service training. 

Investment the tourist 
authority believes, should be 
concentrated in hotels of 
international standard, in key 
visitor centres, and capital 
projects such as sporting, 
health and recreational facil- 
ities in resorts and spas. 
Particular needs it has identi- 
fied are for lower-priced 
accommodation in London, 
York. Bristol and Cambridge. 

Tomorrow: More 

After a hard day of driving the business 
forward you need a break. 

If you’re away from home spend your 
night retiring at a Sheraton hotel. 

have five in the UK (Sheraton Park 
Tower, Belgravia Sheraton, Sheraton Skyline, 
Sheraton Heathrow and now the Edinburgh 

Sheraton) with another five hundred worldwide. 

Whichever one you choose you can be 
sure of leaving your troubles on the doorstep. 

Besides receiving a warm welcome you’ll 
quickly appreciate our efficient service. 

No doubt you've had enough frustration 
with your working day. 

Sheraton hotels also offer those two 
important ingredients for a good nightis sleep 
peace and quiet 

Building your energy so you can build 
your business next day. 

For further information you, or your 
secretary, can call us free on 0800 353535. ■ 

The only time you’ll need to retire is at night. §hg™ton 

■e ITT, 


- - 

:> • - * 
M '■■■'■: 

'■■ ■•: i • 

Stockholm security conference 

Agreement on detail 
of East-West deal 
ends the longest day 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

tsan tbe J v P, rtd Union’s concession in grant- ■ aerial inspection, the latter of 

riurin Fnda y in 6 onsite inspection which proved the biggest 

beg.n at 10.56 pm on Fri^ 
a^dwiH end some time today. 

The clock in the auditorium 
housing the Stockholm se- 
cunty conference has stood 
Rill since Friday to allow the 
first East-West ag reem e n t 
since Salt 2 in 1979 to be 
presented, technically on 

. Most journalists had been 
jn possession of an unofficial 
but accurate outline of the 
Stockholm final document, 
thoughtfully supplied by the 
American delegation, since 
what was Saturday every- 
where else in the world, and 
the main provisions had been 
common knowledge for more 
than a month. 

It was fine detail that held 
up the drafting, numbers 
mostly, concerning soldiers 
and tanks, and questions such 
as what navigation control 
observers of military activity 
could have over inspection 
aircraft in which they 

The Stockholm document is 
seen as a breakthrough in the 
stalled European disarma- 
ment process, with its prin- 
cipal success the Soviet 

In general terms, the agree- 
ment limits the size Of mili tary 
manoeuvres, arid requires all 
35 states that have attended 
the conference to notify many 
forthcoming military manoeu- 
vres which were previously 
classified information. It then 
stipulates that observers be 
allowed to inspect (hem. 

Activities involving 75,000 
troops or more must be an- 
nounced two years in ad* 
vance. Activities involving 
.40,000 or more should be 
announced one year in ad-. 
vanCe. AH significant military 
activity should be announced 
42 days in advance, giving 
detailed information about 
the 'scope, purpose and loca- 
tion of the activities and about 
the forces involved in than. * 

Observers must be allowed 
to watch ail activities meeting 
the criteria for notification, be 
given the opportunity to 
watch various phases of the 
activity, meet commanders, 
and gain a sense of the nature 
of the activity. 

The Stockholm document 
provides for both ground and 

The breakthrough pact 

The six main points in- 
cluded in the final document 
agreed at the Stockholm 

Notification — Countries must 
give 42 days' advance warn- 
ing, with detailed informa- 
tion, on all military ground- 
based exercises involving 
more than 13,000 troops or 
300 tanks. 

Observation — The member 
slates will invite observers 
from other nations to man- 
oeuvres of ground forces 
involving more than 17,000 

Verification and Inspection — 
Any nation doubting an- 
other's adherence to the 
Stockholm agreement has the 
right to make a ground and 
aerial inspection of the mili- 
tary exercises in question. No 
state needs to allow more than 
three inspections a year. 
Members of one military alli- 
ance may not inspect each 
other. An inspection must 
take place within 36 hours of a 

New rules 
planned for 
US pilots 

From Ivor Davies 
Los Angeles 

Alarmed by reports that 
mid-air near-collisions are 
commonplace, almost daily, 
events in the skies over south- 
ern California, the Federal 
Aviation Administration plans 
to get tough with private pilots 
who violate airspace, and re- 
quire die nation’s major air- 
lines to install new collision- 
avoidance equipment on large 
passenger jets. 

The flurry of activity over 
the safety in the sides of 
California and other parts of 
the United States comes in the 
wake of the mid-air collision 
on August 31 between an 
Aeromexico DC 9 jet and a 
small private plane over the 
community of Cerritos, which 
resulted in more than 81 

Over the weekend, the FAA 
administrator, Mr Donald 
Engen, said that, after years of 
discussion and development, a 
sophisticated technology to 
warn pilots of potential col- 
lisions is now ready. 

Until recently, the FAAs 
policy had been to support a 
voluntary approach to the use 
and development of the expen- 
sive collision-avoidance equip- 
ment However, it may be 
years before the airborne sys- 
tems actually go into use on 
hie jets. . , . 

Id California this weekend, 
FAA officials said they would 
also step up efforts to identify 
and punish private pilots who 
violate the heavily-tr avelled 
and regulated airspace around 
Los Angeles airport. 

Calendars — Each state will, 
by November IS each year, 
exchange a calendar of mili- 
tary exercises being carried 
out in Europe within the 
following calendar year. 

Constraints — Countries must, 
by November 15 each year, 
give two years’ warning of 
exercises using more than 
75,000 troops and one year’s 
warning of manoeuvres with 
more than 40,000. 

Non-use of force — The mem- 
ber slates reaffirm their 
commitroent to refrain from 
the threat or use of force 
against the territory or politi- 
cal independence of any state, 
in accordance with the Final 
Act of the 1975 Helsinki 
accords and the UN Charter. 
The right of selfdefence is 

which proved the biggest 
stumbling block to reaching a 
final agreement 
The United States originally 
insisted on the inspecting 
country supplying its own 
aircraft. When this was strenn- 
ousty resisted by the Soviet 
Union, -the US reluctantly 
agreed to a proposal by the 
non-aligned nations that a 
plane from a neutral country 
be used. 

Then, when this idea was 
.also resisted by the Soviet 
bloc, American negotiators led 
by Mr Robert Barry said they 
would accept planes supplied 
by the host nation, providing 
there were guarantees that the 
inspectors would have control 
over navigation and would be 
able to see all they wanted. 

History, or a small pan of it, 
was made on September 19, a 
day that existed only inside 
Che coocrcte-and-ghss budd- 
ing in central Stockholm hous- 
ing the conference — full name 
the Stockholm Conference on 
Confidence- and Security- 
Building Measures and Dis- 
armament in Europe. 

The conference started its 
deliberations in January 1 984. 
Then —at a time of East-West* 
confrontation — there were 
angiy speeches by both the US 
Secretary of State, Mr George- 
Shultz, and Mr Andrei Gro- 
myko, then Soviet Foreign 

There was a marked change 
of mood after the accession to 
power in Moscow of Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, but little 
progress was made until Au- 
gust this year — only a month 

There was*an air of farce; 
and theatricality about the 1 
longest day; delegation heads 
emerging from meetings being 
surrounded by journalists and 
malting hopeful, diplomatic 
noises that always, until the 
last, failed to answer the 
question uppermost in every- 
one’s mind — “When will it. 

Mr Oleg Grinevsky, (he 
Soviet delegation head, was 
the star of this show, cracking 

The Pride of Dover, the largest ferry ever built for Townsend Thoresen, being launched in Bremen, West Germany. The 
550ft ferry will ply the Dover^Cfthus route carrying op to 2,400 passengers and 650 vehicles. 

noted. Further paragraphs re- jokes and quoting from the 
affirm the significance of hu- Bible and Koran in his ini- 

man rights and the necessity 
to take action against terror- 
ism, • “'including terrorism in 
international relations”. 

promptu press conferences. 
Mr Barry was very much the 
Straight man. 

. After Stockholm, pagt 12 

party back 

From A Correspondent 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Zimbabwean Prime Minister, 
has- ob tained the hacking of 
his Zanu (PF) party’s Central 
Committee for proposals to 
incorporate into the ruling 
party the country’s main black 
opposition grouping, Zapu, 
led by Mr Joshua Nkomo. 

Talks on uniting the two 
organizations, which were al- 
lied in the war against white 
rule in Rhodesia under the 
banner of the Patriotic Front, 
have now reached an ad- 
vanced stage, and were en- 
dorsed at a meeting of the 
Zanu (PF) Central Committee 

Mr Mugabe is understood 
to be planning to have two 
deputy prime ministers, one 
of whom will be Mr Nkomo, 
aged 65. who began the fight to 
‘oust white rule nearly 30 years 
I ago. 

A unity pact would lead to 
the promulgation of a one- 
parry state. 

Under the British-designed 
Lancaster House indepen- 
dence constitution, Mr Mug- 
abe requires the assent of all 
members Of the House of 
Assembly to introduce a one- 
party state before 1990. 

Next year the guarantees for 
the 20 seats reserved for 
whites lapse, and Mr Mugabe 
ma y remove them legitimate- 
ly if be can master 70 votes in 
the 100-member House: 

Reagan halts farm 
aid to Nicaragua 

From Paul VaBely, New York 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Senior ministers from the 
West and the Soviet bloc meet 
at the headquarters of the 
International Atomic Energy 
Agency in Vienna this week to 
agree a series of measures to 
make nuclear power safer. 

The conference follows a 
meeting of technical experts 
last month at which Russian 
scientists and doctors pre- 
sented the. fin dins of an 
inquiry into the Chernobyl 

The details have been stud- 
ied by a team of safety 
specialists in America and 
Europe, who will propose an 
international scheme of safe- 
guards against accidents and 
exposure to radiation. 

Mr Peter Walker, Secretary 
of State for Energy, who leads 
the British delegation, said 
yesterday that the meeting 
would play a vital role in 
creating an international 
safety regime. 

He was optimistic because 
of the frank manner in which 

the Soviet Union had placed 
on record the mistakes at 
Chernobyl The Russians had 
admitted important design 
faults in their reactors, he said, 
as well as recognizing en- 
gineering failures and consid- 
erable human error, including 
the flouting of safety 

Mr Walker said there must 
be an efficient mechanism, 
organized by the agency, to 
provide a proper safety re- 
gime, inspection of nudear 
reactors, a total exchange of 
information and early warn- 
ing of any potentially dan- 
gerous incident. 

He said the Nudear In- 
stallations Inspectorate was 
reviewing safety procedures in 
Britain following tire Soviet 

Improved training and 
safety standards for staff will 
be at the top of the agenda this 
week. It is dear that the 
operators at Chernobyl did 
not realize the risks when 

Greeks jail German 
plane ‘spotters’ 

From A Correspondent, Athens 

Three West Germans have 
been convicted of espionage 
and sentenced to 16 months m 
prison each for photographing 
Greek jet fighters at military 
airfields around the country. 

But the men, who said that 
their hobby was plane spot- 
ting. were allowed to pay afine 
Herbert Dederichs, aged 25, 
Martin Schott, aged 24, and 

23, all of Neuss, West Ger- 
many, were arrested on Au- 



gust S while taking photo- 
graphs outside a Greek Air 
Force base in Larissa. 

Police found .photographs 
and lists of military aircraft 
from 10 Greek air bases. 

A Larissa court on Saturday 
found the three men guilty of 
espionage with no right to an 
appeal but the court allowed 
them to buy off the sentences 
at 400 drachmas (nearly £2) a 
day for a total of 190,000 
drachmas (£917). 

Khmer Rouge 
claim deaths 
of Russians 

Bangkok (AFP) - Khmer 
Rouge guerrillas killed nine 
Vietnamese troops and three 
Soviet advisers in an ambush- 
last week inside Cambodia, 
ihe movement’s radio station 
said in a broadcast monitored 
here yesterday. 

j The broadcast said a further 
i eight Vietnamese soldiers 
were wounded in the attack on 
Wednesday on a miliary 
| truck about 90 miles south- 
west of Phnom Penh. 

Seven assault rifles, t hree 
grenade launchers and a large 
amount of supplieswere dam- 
aged. it added. The report 
could not immediately be 
confirmed. Thai and Western 
observers generally consider 
Khmer Rouge casualty claims 
exaggerated but useful, as a 
measure of military action in 

carrying out an experiment for 
which they had no safety 
clearance, and which put the 
nudear reactor in an unstable 

In one part of the reactor, 
the release of nuclear energy in 
a single fuel rod rose to more 
than 300 times its safety leveL 
The nuclear explosion which 
followed, roughly equivalent 
to 500 lb of TNT, generated a 
steam explosion that lifted tire 
lid of the reactor. 

The meeting in Vienna last 
month was attended mainly 
by industry experts from the 
42 countries committed to 
nudear power. The gathering 
this week is a political affair 
for all 1 12 member states of 
the agency, which is a United 
Nations organization. 

A parallel conference has 
been arranged by an alliance 
of the “green” organizations 

They will petition the 
agency meeting for a halt to 
expansion of the nudear 

found safe 

# ' 



Jf rr~ 


Amanda Mueller, aged nine, 
was found safe m a cardboard 
box in woods near Naples, 
Florida, fear days after haring 
been abducted from her pri- 
vate school 

Two men from the -Naples 
area have been arrested in 
connection with the kidnap- 
ping, which was not disdosed 
unto Amanda was found by 
sheriff’s deputies on Saturday 
(AP reports). 

A man had gone to 
Amanda’s school on Tuesday 
with a note saying that be eras 
to take her to a medical ap- 
pointment. She was released to 
the man, although apparently 
she did not know him. 

The kidnappers reportedly 
demanded a ransom of about 
S15 million (£1 million) from 
bo- parents, Mr and Mrs John 
Marnier, who are estate 
agents. The money was 
dropped off on Friday after- 
noon, but bo one went to 

retrieve it, authorities said. 

A shipment of seeds, hoes 
and other ag ric ult u ral prod- 
ucts intended for development 
projects in Nicaragua has been 
blocked by the Reagan Admin- 
istration, officials at Oxfom 
America said yesterday. 

The White House has in- 
formed the US charity that its 
$41,900 (£27300) aid package 
had been prohibited because 
“such transactions are in- 
consistent with current US 
foreign policy”. 

The ban is evidence of a 
growing boldness within the 
Government in the steps it is 
prepared to be seen to be 

taking n garnet the Sandinkta 

Government since Congress 
authorized the $100 mUBon 
aid package to the Contra 

“It is a very worrying 
development”, said Mr John 
Hammond, Oxfom ’s executive 
director. “We sent almost 
exactly the same shipment last 
year to the same two bodies — 
a cfaarch group called Mnttiple 
Services, and the Agricultural 
Mechanization School There 
was ao objection then. 

“Unofficially, Oxfom has 
been informed that the aid was 
unacceptable because the 
school was an official govern- 
ment body and the church 
gro u p was part of the ‘popular 
Church’”, Mr Hammond said. 

State Department officials 
had objected particularly Oat 
the shipment of rakes, shovels, 
irrigation equipment and 

ways best 
for Africa 

From A Correspondent 

Africa should look more to 
its own traditional methods, 
its own animal species and its 
own food crops to beat recur- 
rent droughts and hostile 
world economic forces, ex- 
perts said at a conference here 
last week. 

Mrs Gro Harlem Bru- 
odtland, the Norwegian Prime 
Minister, chaired the sixth 
meeting of the World Com- 
mission on Environment and 
Development, which is pre- 
paring to report to the United 
Nations General Assembly on 
tire mounting crisis over natu- 
ral resources, particularly in 
the Third World. 

At a series of public bear- 
ings in Harare, Mrs Brun- 
dthffid and 20 fellow-com- 
missioners were given first- 
hand reports on African 
conservation problems. 

They also visited Zim- 
babwe’s Eastern Highlands, 
where soil is being stripped off 
overcrowded communal graz- 
ing lands at a rate of more than 
30 tons a year from each acre. 

Professor Adolpho Masc- 
arenhas of Tanzania, regional 
director of the Conservation 
of Development Centre here, 
gave a warning that blind 
imitation of agricultural ideas 
developed outside Africa fre- 
quently led to disaster. 

East African cattle schemes 
run on American or Austra- 
lian lines had failed, while the 
example of Masai pastoralists, 
who had successfully grazed 
tbeir herds for hundreds of 
years, had been ignored. 

Exotic cereal crops bad been 
introduced when indigenous 
African root crops were far 
more suitable, and cultivation 
of cassava had led to serious 

Dr Graham Child, director 
of Zimbabwe’s Department of 
National Parks and Wild Life 
Management, testified that 
the export prices Africa earned 
from conventional farm prod- 
ucts had been dropping 

But while the terms of trade 
for Zimbabwean beef had 
declined by 2 per cent each 
year for the past two decades, 
game species were now able to 
yield nine times the return 
given by cattle in drought- 
prone areas where erosion 
posed the greatest menace. Dr 
Child said. 

Such areas naturally sup- 
ported a broad spectrum of 
browsing and grazing animals 
without a dominant species 
equivalent to cattle, he noted. 

The commission moves on 
this week to Nairobi for 
further public hearings. 

forming textbooks also in- 
cluded two chain saws. 

Under America’s Trading 
with the Enemy Act, a licence , 
is needed by aid agencies 

working is countries which are 
“declared enemies”. At | 
present, these indode Viet- 
nam, Cambodia, North Korea 
and Cuba. 

“The irony is that we hare 
been given a general licence to 
export iiwn« of humanitarian 
assistance to Vietnam and 
Cambodia. Yet we are being 
denied permission to give aid 
in Nicaragua, which is not an 
officially declared enemy. 

“We are concerned that a 
double standard is at work 
here. Items which are re- 
garded as h umani tarian aid in 

one area are not in another. 

“Abo, where it takes more 
than four months to get a 
licence processed for Nica- 
ragua, a group tike the US 
Council for World Freedom 
recently had Ns licence 
granted in four days for the 
export of a helicopter to the 
Contra guerrillas for allegedly 
humanitarian purposes. The 
Government is playing politics 
with the world's poor.” 

The hardening of the US 
attitude was being paralleled 
by of the Contras, who 
have just announced, presum- 
ably with the blessing of the 
Rpagan Administration, rhar 
aid officials working in Nica- 
ragua would henceforth be 
considered enemy targets. 

fuels poll 

From Michael Hornsby 

Speculation about a general 
election for South Africa’s 
whiles was kept on lhe boil at 
the weekend when the ruling 
National Party was told by a 
senior government minister to 
be ready to go to the polls at 
any time, but was not given 
any clear indication when that 
time might be. 

Speaking at a two-day 
Transvaal congress of the NP 
in Pretoria, which ended on 
Saturday, Mr F.W. De Klerk, 
the Minister of National 
Education, said the party must 
start preparing at once, so as to 
■ be “ready for the call when it 

Mr De Klerk, who is re- 
garded as one of the leading 
contenders to succeed Presi- 
dent Botha and belongs to the 
conservative wing of the 
party, was re-elected leader of 
the NP in Transvaal. This is 
an important position as 
Transvaal has the biggest 
representation in the party 1 

The earliest possible elec- 1 
lion date would be towards the 
end of November. An election 
must be announced in a 
Government Gazette. 

One of the arguments for an 
early election is that the i 
international sanctions cam- 
paign has furnished Mr Botha 
with an external threat on 
which to rally white support. 

India deal 
to buy 
8 more 

Delhi - India has issued a 
letter of intent to buy eight 
more Sea Harrier jump-jets 
(Michael Hamlyn writes). 

According to reports here, a 
final contract is expected to be 
signed soon in a deal that 
could be worth about £100 
million to the manufacturers. 
British Aerospace. 

The Harriers are being 
bought now so that they will 
be operationally available by 
the time the Indian Navy 
lakes delivery of HMS Her- 
mes. the Falklands war air- 
craft carrier presently haring a 
refit at Devonport dockyard. 

Satellite deal 

Peking (AP) — Western 
Union signed a letter of intent 
with China to bunch one of its 

Aid warning 

Khartoum (AP) - Sudan's 
Prime Minister. Mr Sadek cl- 
Mahdy. said he could not 
guarantee the safety of planes 
flying over rebel-held south- 
ern territory, where a United 
Nations emergency’ food airlift 
starts this week. 

Leprosy plea 

Vatican City (AP) - The 
world must overcome 
“repugnance” and “fear” and 
not ignore the millions of 
lepers who still suffer, the 
Pope said. 

Heroin haul 

Karachi (Reuter) - Paki- 
stani police seized heroin with 
an estimated street value of 
more than £133 million in a 
house belonging to Afghans. 

Police death 

Ankara ( Reuter l — Kurdish 
rebels killed a police chief and 
wounded a policeman in the 
eastern Turkish town of 

Gurkha mob 

Delhi (AP) — A mob of 
about 400 Gurkha separatists 
burned and looted more than 
50 houses and shops in the 
Darjeeling district. 

Nato protest 

Amsterdam (Reuter) — 
About l .000 demonstrators 
daubed cars and buildings 
with paint as they marched to 
Amsterdam harbour to protest 
at lhe presence of 22 Nato 
I warships. 


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Mitterrand and Chirac 
bury the hatchet in 
face of terrorist threat 

In the spirit of national 
unity emerging since the wave 
of terrorist bombings began in 
Paris two weeks ago. President 
Mitterrand and M Jacques 
Chirac, the Prime Minister, 
hdd a series of top-level 
security meetings over the 

Paris yesterday had its 
fourth day free mm bomb 
auacks, but the "Committee 
for Solidarity with Middle 
Eastern and Arab Political 
Prisoners”, which has claimed 
responsibility for the Paris 
bombings, stated in Beirut on 
Saturday that the attacks 
would continue and would not 
be confined to Paris. 

From Susan MacDonald, Puis 

The statement also referred dient and feared for Abdal- 

to Italy as a terrorist target 
Last week Italian authorities 
requested the extradition of 
Geoiges Ibrahim Abdallah, 
■whom tire “Committee for 
Solidarity” wants released 
from prison in France, to face 
terrorist charges in Italy. 

Abdallah, who is serving a 
four-year term for terrorist 
offences, was moved over the 
weekend from Fleury-Mtirogis 
prison in Essonne to the Santti 
prison in Paris for “reasons of 

. His lawyer, Martre Verges, 
sent a telegram to President 
Mitterrand, saying he had 
been refused access to his 

France hit by visa 
control backlash 

From Our Correspondent, Paris 

The introduction last week Until the 
of visas for entry into France 

for all foreigners, except those 
belonging to Euro pean E co- 
nomic Community countries, 
Switzerland, Liechtenstein, 
Monaco and Andorra, is 
beginning to cause serious 
problems for the French, both 
diplomatically and admin- 

France has underlined the 
fact that these new regulations 
are being enforced on a tem- 
porary basis, initially for a six- 
month period, and that they do 
not replace existing agree- 
ments between France and 
other countries. 

However, several countries, 
both within Europe and out- 
side, have lodged complaints 
over the imposition of visas. 

The Conned of Europe has 
protested against what it sees 
as a discriminati ve action 
against eight of the 21 conn- 
tries in Europe, and Sweden 
has asked for a meeting of 
Nordic countries affected 

France's much-vaunted s pe- 
dal relationship with her C9C- 
African colonies could be 
placed In jeopardy by the visa 

of her allies in West 
Africa, Gabon, has announced 
the retaliatory imposition of 
visas for French nationals 
visiting Gabon, and another 
privileged friend, Senegal, is 
thinking of doing dw same. 

Their fear is that, once in 
place, these temporary regula- 
tions could be difficult to 
dismantle. It is known that for 
some time France has wished 
to tighten op entry procedures 
for certain countries. 

Morocco, Tunisia and Al- 
geria have a separate form of 
control for entry into France 
and the French are finding it 
difficult, despite ministerial 
visits to the three countries, to 
impose visa requirements. 

ginning of Octo- 
ber, visas are being issued on 
arrival in France, and there 
have been considerable delays 
at the frontiers during last 
week, bat after tills dale visas 
most be obtained before 

French consulates abroad 
have already been in u n d a t ed 
with inquiries. Foreigners res- 
ident in France, to whom the 
new regulations apply, are now 
©WgM to obtain a re-entry 
visa before travelling abroad. 

It is emphasized that all 
applications for visas and re- 
entry visas are being treated 
individually and some people 
may be eligible for multiple 
visas. The new regulations 
also apply to ffipkmaats. 

AlthiMgh tightened security 
has met with general approval 
both here and abroad, it is 
difficult to see how the wid- 
ened imposition of visas will 
stop a terrorist entering 

Despite the deptaymeuf Last 
week of l^SOO soldiers along 
France's borders, many re- 
mote frontier areas stiff re- 
main mmwimad- 

When Georges Ibrahim 
Abdallah, the presumed Euro- 
pean bead of the FAKL terror- 
ist organization whom tint 
terrorists bombing Faria want 
released, was arrested in 1984 
he was understood to be 
carrying several valid pass- 
ports, any one of which could 
presumably have carried a 
valid visa. 

• GENEVA: A 40 per cent 
drop in passengers from Ge- 
neva and Lausanne to Farfo on 
the TGV - the French high- 
speed train — is reported by 
travel agencies. A similar 
percentage of cancellations 
has been registered in reserva- 
tions for this week (Alan 
McGregor writes). 

lab's safety and his life. 

M Mitterrand had talks 
with M Chirac and the min- 
isters of the interior and 
security as soon as he arrived 
al the Dys& Palace on Friday 
night after his three-day visit 
to Indonesia. 

There was strict security at 
the airport and at the palace, 
which the terrorists have 
threatened to attack. 

On Saturday morning M 
Chirac chaired a meeting of 
the Council of Internal Se^ 
entity, the third in a week, 
which the economy, interior, 
security, justice, de fe n c e and 
foreign ministers attended. 

In the evening M Mitter- 
rand held a meeting with M 
Andre Giraud. the Defence 
Minister, and the head of the 
external intelligence 
General Imbot. 

No statements were issued 
after any of the three me 
although the Interior 
ister, M Charles Pasqua, said 
on Saturday that inquiries 
into the bombings were 
proceeding, and he believed 
they were making progress. 

M Mitterrand has declared 
his intention to address the 
nation on television, but no 
.date has been set. 

The Government is under 
pressure from the right to take 
offensive action against terror- 
ists and the countries that 
support them. 

On Saturday the news- 
papers Le Figaro and France- 
Soir accused Syria of being 
behind the latest attacks and 
talked of a link between 
Middle East terrorist groups 
and the French left-wing ex- 
tremist organization. Action 

Syria issued a firm denial of 
any involvement in the bomb- 
ings, stating that these crim- 
inal acts had nothing to do 
with the liberation struggle 
and pointing the finger at 
Washington and Tel Aviv. 

• BEIRUT: An underground 
Muslim group said yesterday 
that Paris was stalling over the 
return to France of two Iraqi 
dissidents expelled in Feb- 
ruary, and issued a warning 
that harm Could come to the 
French hostages in Lebanon 
(Reuter reports). 

The threat came in a type- 
written message delivered to 
an international news agency 
in Beirut. It bore yesterday's 
dale and the name of the pro- 
Iranian "Islamic Daawa Party 
— Middle East section”. 

• DAMASCUS: The Popular 
Front for the liberation of 
Palestine, a Marxist Palestin- 
ian guerrilla groups denied 
yesterday that it was involved 
in the recent bombings in 
Paris. It denounced them as 
atrocities (AP reports). 

. >. 

Two years ago 
you wouldn't have believed 
that Tony Bagley could 
ever look after himself. 

To see Tony now; walking unaided, chatting 
away, enjoying painting, would seem miraculous 
to anyone who knew him when he first came 
to the RHHI in 1984. 

Then he couldn't walk, had speech diffi- 
culties, was unable to wash or dress himself He 
and his nurses and therapists have worked so 
hard he now needs minimal nursing cate. 

V\fe have 330 patients like Tfcny. Please help 
such courage and such dedication. TAfearea 
registered charity (No. 205907) and rely on your 
donations, legacies and covenants. 

Our Director of Appeals is j^ ( 

Captain A. D. Hutton, OBE, RN (Ret'd), 

The Royal Hospital and Home for 
Incurables, Dept TTB, Wfest Hill, ^ 

Putney, London SW1 5 3SW p^ws****. 

The Royal Hospital and 
Home for Inc rables 


in surprise 
bridge lead 

Rom A Correspondent 
Miami Beach 

Three teams from the US 
and one from Pakistan con- 
tested the semi-final round of 
the world knock-out teams 

The Pakistan team — Zia 
Mahmood, Jan-E-Alam Fazli, 
Misar Ahmed and Nishat 
Abedi — had been drawn 
a gains t the favourites — Mike 
Becker, Michael Lawrence, 
Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell, 
Ron Rubin and Peter Weich- 
sd, all world champions. 

A capacity crowd watched 
the match s cr ee ne d in a 
theatre. When the last board 
appeared on the screen, Paki- 
stan led by two points. 

In the final, played over 128 
boards and two days, the 
Americam team led by 59 
points at the end of the first 
day (171-1 12). 

French soldiers 

the United Nations 

lets have taken over la Nations soldier kflkd in soafoei 

, , i.Tbe Prime Minister of Leb*- non, according to -the Yediot Ahromot 

Unifil, leaving their position in the Shin, non, Mr SasEad Karami, has w elcomed ,* .newspaper. The smgerywas carried .out 
village of AMnssiyeh as a direct result of ’IHtd Nations report calling fir an last week, hoars after the soldiw med on 
recent attacks on French positions. Few Israeli withdrawal from the area. .. . . the operating table at R a mn a rn Hospital 
French soldiers and one Irish soldier from - In .Haifa, two Israeli women fecejved in Haifa. The report said the donation was 
tiie force have been k il le d fids lcaMyjwwnhiih from a French United approved by a senior Unifil officer. 

Israelis to b^ter hard-pressed SLA 

From Ian Murray 

Israel is to step up its 
support for the so-called 
"South Lebanon Army” mi- 
litia, which is coming under 
increasing attack in the “se- 
curity zone” Israel has estab- 
lished inside the Lebanese 

A Cabinet meeting here 
yesterday agreed the extra aid 
after hearing a report from Mr 
Yitzhak Rabin, the Defence 
Minister, about the growing 
number of attacks on SLA 
positions by the Shia Hez- 
bollah (Party of God) militia, 
which is believed to be 
funded, trained and supplied 
by Iran. 

White not specifying exactly 

what extra helpis to be given, 
military sources hoe expect 
that substantially in Ore Israeli 
soldiers win be deployed in- 
side the zone to ' stiffen the 
SLA's fi ghting determination. 
In the 18 months- since the 
zone was established, Israel 
has maintained a force of a 
few hundred meninside Leba- 
non. This number could' now 
grow to more than a thousand. 

There wiB also be further 
training and more and better 
weapons for the 2,500 men in 
the Israeli-rappfied 

In the past week the SLA 
has lost 13 men in attacks by 
the Hezbollah on positions 
along the edge of the zone. 
According to SLA sources, 
many of the attackers wore red 
scarves with -the slogan “On 

the way to Jerus al em”, which 
are similarin- those worn by 
Iranian soldiers: 

The escalating violence in 
the bonier area comes at a 
time when Israel has again 
been strongly criticized by foe 
UN for refusing to allow 
Unifil (UN Interim' Fbrce in 
Lebanon) troops to cany out 
their mandate to deploy along 
the border. The Israeli Cabi- 
net refiises even to consider 
this and intends to retain 
control of both rides of the 
border. It says this is the best 
way of stopping infiltration by 
Palestinians and their sup- 

Since the “security zone” 
was setup, Israel has said font 
it has . Seen almost “totafiy 
successful in ensuring peace 

inside its northern 'border. 
The Cabinet showed yesterday 
that it is prepared to be lured 
beck into Lebanon in some 
force rather than -risk the 
defeat of its local mercenary 

.After yesterday's Cabinet 
meeting, Mr Rabin , said the 
extra Israeli assistance wasto 
ensure that "any further at- 
tacks will be broken in a way 
that the temptation 10 cany 
them out again will be lost'* 

- Mr Rabin denied that Israel 
was responsible for the recent 
attacks against Unifil forces in 
tiie area, which he said were 
due solely to an internal power 
struggle between two rival 
Shia groups, Amal and Hez- 
bollah. . 

bitter dispute with Gandhi 

When President Zail Singh 
of India met a group of 
dissident congressmen at the 
presidential palace last week 
another score vfas entered in 
the account beiSg kept of his 
sour dispute with Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, foe Prime Minister. 

The bitterness between the 
head of state and head of 
government has been going on 
since before Mr Gandhi suc- 
ceeded to his mother’s post, 
but with foe end of the 
President’s period of office 
drawing near he appears to be 
more aggressive about main- 
taining his side of the 

His apparent intriguing 
with foe opposition is a way of 
reminding the Prime Minister 
that, though he is bound to act 
as a constitutional monarch, 
foe constitution does give him 
some powers and some rights. 

It is also perhaps a way of 
using the remainder of his 
term as a launching-pad for 
renewing his political career 
next year, when be gives up his 
apartment in the grand red- 
and-yellow sandstone pile that 
Edwin Lutyens designed for 
foe British viceroys. 

The delegation that foe 
President met was ted by Mr 
Pranab Mukherjee, a former 
Finance Minister and virtual 
deputy prime minister under 
Mrs Indira Gandhi. It in- 
cluded Mr Gundu Rab, -for- 
mer Congress (I) Chief 
Minister or Karnataka, and 
Mr Prakash Mehrotra, former 
In dian High Commissioner in 
London, and four others, all of 
whom have been expelled 
from the Congress (I) Party 
but who have begun operating 
as “Indira loyalists”. 

They daim to represent the 

From Mtehad Hantiyn, Delhi 
true soul of Mrs Gandhi's 
party, which they say has been 
perverted under her 
leadership. , » 

They presented to the 
dent & Est of* complains 
amounting almostto a charge 
sheet against the Prime Min- 
ister and urging him to re- 
spond to “the grave situation 
when* a part of our country 
remains occupied by a foreign 

.plained that Gfani Zail .-Singh 
is "always- foe test to know of^ 
governmental Jleciriop&hAQdSt 
a seniorrdval servant 
T'The young Prime Jl__ 
;fappears il to befrdhfusijag! 
differences with foe President 
with foe office of the Presi- 
dent,- for by defying the proto-, 
col he .is basically demeaning 
the office of the head of state.” 

Mr - Gandhi has .. sirnpjy 
stopped caffing ;pa r -foe . presi- 
dent, as'j.jijs wde&sfe 
called oh previous Prcaoents. 

: The bply ew^moitytossb^re 
foe Pierideat;n«i\t ,td NfcwiL 
Bui whenne returned fiomihis 

President Zafl 
looking to political future 

power and when foe nation 
threatened internally by foe 
forces of .disruption and 

Trying to head off the 
meeting, a group of 28 Con- 
gress (I) MPs issued a sharply 
worded statement urging the 
President to uphold the non- 
political character of his high 
office, “and not to be swayed 
by foe distorted facts put 
foiward by a section of mis- 
guided- and self-acclaimed 
political leaders”. 

The President none the less 
gave them a patient hearing 
for 25 minutes, according to 
Mr Mukherjee. 

A presidential sourte com- 

tour, after, fsiro: rftose&dbot- 
meetings 'with.JGng^Birchdp 
there, MrGandfii ignored him 
once more. V. : 

; "Raji\jL Ggafesrfaflnie. 10 
.call, „ upon, -foe* President 
amounratij a public humilia- 
tion,” ^ . 

.ideal cootH ie^a^lhc wfeefc^ 
aid, when he wai 
at t e n ditiga 
orating a south 
leader, .<ci . 

: The meeting; held on foe 
108th birthday of Mr EX 
Ramasami Maker, was de- 
fended by supporters of the 
President, saying foal not to 
have attended would have 
appeared a slight to a leader of 

foe backward classes. Gianr 

the jowly Ramgarhia caste of 
Sikhs. i/'.-- 

Butbefore the meeting word 
was sent to him by two. of the 
Prime Munster's advisers that 
it would be imptiideitt to 
attend, as Mr Ramasami had 
on occasion articulated seces- 
sionist yiews, as well as atheis- 
tic ones. The Presideni chose 
to ignore the advice. 

Alaska race to save seals from galloping glacier 

From Michael Biny on 

Time b naming out for 
thousands of animals trapped 
in an Alaskan fiord that has 
beat blocked by the sadden 
rush of a gigantic glacier into 
the sea. 

Scab, porpofe e s and otters 

face the loss of their food 

supply as fresh water flowing 

into the fiord dflntes the salt 

water, and rescuers fear the 

onset of winter wffl halt their 

efforts to save than. 

Volanteers were hoping yes- 
terday to start bringing ant 
about 100 scab and 50 por- 
poises trapped and stirring in 
foe dammed Rasscll fiord, 
near Yakuts!. 

experts are standing by, as 
volunteers prepare to toss 
herring from boats to attract 
the amnak, catch them with 
nets, load them into sped&l 
"kennels”, and then fly titan 
to improvised hospital peas in 
a nearby fishing harbour to 
recover strength until they can 
be released. 

The rescuers have raised 
$23,000 (£15,000) but need 
twice as much, and more time 
before the good weather ends. 

The crbb began last winter, 
when for anuanetpbisted rea- 

Revolt in 
ETA over 

A rescuer nsfag a hammer to send a sound ware through foe 
waters of Rnssefl fiord and drive marine fife into nets. ■ 

son foe Hubbard Glacier sad- 
daily accel e rated. 

Mocks of fee, 30 stories' 
began shearing off foe 
and crashing into foe sea at a 
narrow point across the month 
of the- Russel) fiord and Mock- 

f lake, discoloured by silt 
and rising fire inches a day 
behind foe rest mass of tee, 
has pushed sab water to foe 

■ -V 

omui has provided, spectacular 
pictures for film crews, as the 
ice crashes down with a deaf- 
ening roar. Scientists cannot 
explain- what has prompted^ 
the surge^^tovring 4he nor- 
molly stable glader forward at 
foe rate of 46 ft aday. " 

Both American and Can- 
adian expats have been mon- 
itoring tiw glader, which 
begins in Yukon, rang da, 
making the most of as mmsual 
to observe (he 

angry at theattodion given to | 
the animals, which they say 
overlooks foe fimat to thdr 
own livelihood- The 500 
inh a b i t an ts of the nearby fish- 
ing village, mostly Tlmgit 
Indians, me -worried that, if 
foe lake spiffs over its banks, 
foe water sweepmg down foe 
Sitnk river couhf rate dm 
fishing and foe local economy, 
mat j ifHi w ring , .fresh, ; water* 
weOs .and .lapping on to foe 
runways of Yokutat’s airport 
The salmoKfisimig stream 
attracts L^OO ririton a year, 
and: tm-ti&brtof foeadah 
population depend for aJMflg , 

m putniuioa to herd etten. j 

The rare nateral phamai^ aWay from foe Sltok. r. fX 

- ^FrmjaikkluudWtgg- 

. -ioO farmer 

mcmbcw^ofthe^Basque' sepa- 
Tatistorg^tizaiaop, ETA, have 
eon^eiiiiQ^n^lqlung 1 1 days 
of SdSora Maria Dolores 
.foe ' wpman who 
tite ranks of 

jue terrorist oiganiza- 
before Franco died, . but 
acqqned fast year the Socialist 

Government's offer to return 

tonbfmal life. 

. In a statement after a mect- 
mg in San Sebastian on Sat- 
urday, they called the killing 
prObf -Of the “denudation” of 
ETA’S military wing and “the 
giant strides. it has now token 
divorcing itself from the real 
interests of the Basque 

Meanwhile, for the first 
-time,- a Spanish court has 
awarded a six months' prison 
sentence to a public official 
after finding him guilty: of 
falsely claiming he had been 
the victim of police torture. 

1 -The San Sebastian meeting 
came before a planned public 
homage to the former ETA 
leader in her native town, 
where she had been living 
quietly since last October. 

- -The former ETA members 
at the meeting have all made 
-ihfeir peace with the Govern- 
ment, either having com- 
pleted prison sentences or 
beemalfowed to resume nor- 
mal life. 

„The . statement attacked 
ETA’S violence as “Third 
World and reactionary”. It 
mminde d the ETA hardliners, 
who have acknowledged Idll- 
9 -old Seftora Gon- 

those who freely 
took up arms also had the 
right to renounce them. 

Meanwhile,, a Pamplona 
provincial court found the 
mayor.- of a small town in 
Navarre, who belongs to the 
radical Basque nationalist 
People's Unity Party dose to 
ETA, gttihy Of calumniating 
Spain’s security forces. 

Death toll 
mounts in 
Gulf war 

By Htzhtr Teimourba 
The war between Iran and 
Iraq, which enters its seventh 
year today, has left nearly a 
million dead in Iran alon*$Q 
far, according to Health Min- 
istry officials in Tehran. The 
number of Iranians wounded 
and maimed in the past .six 
years approached 2.5 miUisn. 

The officials, made dear 
their opposition to foe 
Government’s policy- of 
continuing the war until com- 
plete victory is achieved .over 
foe regime of President Hus- 
sein oFlraq. „ • ' 

White it is obvious that the 
rounded figures were es- 
timates, they are widely seen 
as credible and even 

All over the Shia Muslim 
regions of Iran, which make 
up the bulk of the country, the 
vast new cemeteries built for 
foe war dead have had to be 
extended constantly, and the 
smaller towns know precisely 
foe numbers of their young 
men who have not returned 
from foe fronts. 

That foe word “ slaughter”, 
often used to describe the 
confrontations between foe 
two armies, was not always an 
exaggeration was made clear 
by a woman from the small 
town of Songhor in western 

"Six hundred men from, our 
town left in February for foe 
southern front to take, part in 

Iraq said yesterday its war- 
planes had attacked a “large 
maritime target”, bettered to 
beanofl tanker, off Iran's Gulf 
coast (AP reports from 

The state-run news ageacy 
quoted a military spokesman 
who did not identify the target. 

the battle for foe Fao penin- 
sula in southern Iraq,” she 
said. “Only 20 returned.” 

The Health Ministry es- 
timate of a million dead 
includes civilians Idled - in 
Iraqi bombings of towns and 
industrial establishments. 

According to Mr Hans 
Heino Kopietz of the Inter- 
national Institute of Strategic 
Studies, who recently visited 
Baghdad, Iraq’s dead and 
woemded number between 
400000 and 60CUXXL . 

More than 60.000 Iraqis 
languish in Iranian prisoner- 
of-war camps. Iraq says it 
holds between 10,000 and 
15,000 prisoners. 

Estimating the material 
dppragp suffered by both 
o&mtnes is even more diffi- 
cult At least 40 small towns 
along their 733 miles of com- 
mon border have been dyna- 
mited, or razed by artillery 
fire, and the houses and 
ition systems of at least 
I villages have been 

One of the world's largest 
refineries at Abadan, and the 
£3 billion petrochemicals 
complex at Bandar Khomeini, 
have been largely written off. 

According to Lloyd’s Reg- 
ister of Shipping in London, 
more than 280 ships haye 
been lost or damaged in foe 
Gulf and foe Shatt al-Arab 

The two countries foe 
thought to be spending be- 
tween £15 billion and £20 
billion on their military forces 
every year. 

Iran relaxes 
restrictions on 
jail pardons 

Tehran (Reuter) — Iran's 
Spiritual leader, Ayat 
Khomeini, has relaxed 
rules for pardoning imj 
oned members of opposijj 
groups, foe Irha state 
agency reported. .. . 

It also said that most of 
women at Tehran's main ' 

— Eviif prison — are 
to be released, soon. 

Ima quoted Mr 
Ansari, the head of the' 
organization, as sa\ 

Ayatollah Khomeini 
designated successor 
Ayatollah Hossein-ali Mp 
tazeri that jailed members* 
the opposition “should? 
pardoned as soon as offk 
are convinced that their * 
lease will not harm i 
Previously, they could _bfe 
pardoned only if it was de- 
cided they had broken with 
. their organizations. 

bottom a& the dadfo ire 

The water levrihasrise&90 ft, 
with a 70 ft layer 1 rf fresh 
water on foe top. 

Sobk seals are believed' to 
have crossed foe ice dam to 
safety, but foe National Park 
has denied the rases-: 



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PR foSS S® st Jh r pain 

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ikii liivlfcA hiuwftAV SEPTEMBER 22 1986 


Solidarity leaders meet 
to iron out differences 
over strategy for future 

■ Jf ^ a ^ esa ' chairman 

of Solidarity, and Mr Zbie- 
mew Bujak, the bating 

union s underground chief- 
lain, have met for the first 
time since a government am- 
nesty of political prisoners to 
discuss a joint strategy to 
criticize and, if necessary to 
oppose the Polish authorities. 

Mr Walesa and several 
other Solidarity leaders were 
yesterday on a workers' pil- 
grimage in Czestochowa, in 
southern Poland, and contin- 
ued their discussions there. 

The main session was, how- 
ever, in Warsaw, in the bade 
room of St Martin’s church - 
formerly an aid centre for 
political prisoners —and apart 
from Mr Walesa and Mr 
Bujak, there were Mr Bogdan 
Lis _ and Mr Bogdan Boru- 
. sewicz, prominent under- 
ground leaden, Mr Adam 
Michnikand MrJacek Kuron, 
opposition theorists and Mr 
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, an ad- 
viser with church contacts. 

Mr Walesa said tittle. “We 
talked about the new situation 
following the amnesty.*' he 
said. But it is dear that 
Solidarity is trying to over- 
come differences on a number 
of key issues. 

First, should it maintain an 
underground structure at afl. 
Some, including the Roman 
Catholic Church, suggest that 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

the three remaining fugitive, formed to help persecuted 
J^oers and other rank-and- workers in 1976, became the 
hie activists on the run should nucleus of Solidarity’s ad- 
turn themselves is by the end visoty 

ye^, when an official The whole of the former 
promise of clemency runs out. . underground’s leadership 
Others say; wait and see turned up at the flat of the 

until the Government ran be 
tested. Above all, man y fear 
that underground publishers 
will become the target of 
frequent arrest 

The second issue is whether 
Solidarity should lave any- 
thing to do with “social 
consultative councils*’ set up 
by the authorities to provide a 
wider form of consultation 
between the Communist Party 
and other Polo. 

Mr Walesa is camions on’ 
this issue and wants to know 
more about the powers and 
authority of the proposed 

The Catholic Church, lead- 
ership seems to .be very in- 
terested, seeing the connate— 
property exploited — as a way 
ofbroadening national debate. 
But many oppositionists, 
including almost all of the 
recently released underground 
leaders, dismissed the coun- 
cils outright 

On Friday night Poland’s 
opposition celebrated the 10th 
anniversary of KOR, the 
Workers' Self-defence Com- 
mittee. This group; which was 

dissident Mr Jacek Kuron. A 
Solidarity doctor examined 
some of the released prisoner, . 
including Mr Czeslaw Biel- 
ecki, who until his release last 
week was on the longest 
strike in recent Polish 
history. ... 

The surprise guest at the 
party was Mr Leszek Moczul- 
ski, chief of the fiercely 
nationalist Confederation for 
Independent Poland. 

■ Mr Walesa, who was meet- 
ing Archbishop Bronislaw 
Dabrowski — a senior church- 
man, who worked behind the 
scenes to manoeuvre the re- 
lease of the 225 political 
prisoners — was tbs only 
member of the Solidarity 
hierarchy absent from the 
birthday party. 

He denied later that this was 
because of a row with Mr 
Bujak. “We understand each 
other better and better," said 
Mr Walesa. “Of course, we 
don't agree on the approach to 
different things, but graerally 
speaking we are at one. There 
are no discrepancies when it 
comes to 

Pakistan revives Kashmir issue 

Mr Muhammad Khaf Jun- 
ejo, the Prime Minister of 
Pakistan, is on his first visit 
since assuming office 18 
months ago to Azad Kashmir, 
the part of Jammu and Kash- 
mir slate held by Pakistan. 

At the weekend, he said his 
Government was fully com- 
mitted to help the people of the 
state secure their right of self- 

From Hasan Akfrtar, Islamabad 

determination in accordance 
with the . United Nations’ 
resolution which was accepted 
by both India and P akistan. 

During his reception in Mn- 
zafforabad, the capital, Mr 
Juuefo said his Government 
was keeping the Kashmir 
question alive by raising it at 
all appropriate international 
forums, a move which India 

describes as a violation of the 
bilateral Simla Agreement of 

W elcoming Mr Junejo to 
Azad Kashmir, Mr SOcander 
Hayat Khan, described as the 
Rime Minister of Azad Kash- 
mir, said the movement for 
independence of the disputed 
Kashmir state was 

:v>; v * v,/ r .• -x 

. *w-. ,-k . .-.r : Wv «:.* ...• 

Mayor Edward Koch of New York, acknowledging the crowd 
as he walks down Fifth Avenue at the weekend daring the 
animal Steuben Day parade by German- Americans. 

Ershad on 

From Ahmed Fazl 

More than 100 Bangladeshi 
MPs called on President 
Ershad to resign as 25,000 
people demonstrated in the 
centre of Dhaka at the week- 
end, chanting slogans against 
next- month’s presidential 

The members belonging to 
the Awami League-led. eight- 
party alliance also demanded 
the convening of Parliament 
to debate the current political 
crisis in the country. 

The 330-seat Parliament, 
dominated by the pro-Ershad 
Jatiyo Party, had a brief 
session in July but was pro- 
rogued after the Opposition 
continued to boycott the 

Demonstrators marched to 
the Baitul Mukanam Square, 
defying a ban on rallies to 
demand an end to the 44-year 
martial law regime. 

“Polls under martial law 
will be meaningless and will 
only legalize the rule of Gen- 
eral Ershad,’* said Begum 
Khaleda Zia, leader of the 
Bangladesh Nationalist Party, 
ousted from power by the 
Army in 1982. 

The opposition parties 
boycotting the election have 
also decided to organize a 
general strike on election day, 
October 15. 

• Press strike: More than 
7.000 journalists and other 
press workers went on strike 
yesterday in support of col- 
leagues dismissed by the 
publishers of The Bangladesh 
Observer and its weekly sister 
paper, Chilrali. closed down 
because of a dispute with 
unions over the introduction 
of new technology. 

The strike, railed by the 
Bangladesh Federal Union of 
Journalists and the Press 
Workers’ Union, shut down at 
least 20 dailies and the govern- 
ment-controlled national 
news agency. 

Crackdown after Tamil bomb 

^ I 

Police round-up 
in curfew town 

From Vyitha Yapa, Colombo 

Batticoloa, a coastal town in 
Sri Lanka’s Eastern province, 
is virtually a ghost town after a 
car bomb explosion in which 
13 people were kilted and 
seven policemen injured. Ten 
people are said to have been 
shot in the aftermath of the 
blast and 32 are reported still 

A curfew was imposed in the 
area on Saturday from 2 pm to 
6 am and separatist Tamil 
guerrillas for ft banal 

(total work stoppage) from 
6 am to 2 pm yesterday. The 
curfew was reimposed from 
2 pm to 5 am today. 

The Citizens' Committee of 
Batticoloa said dozens of peo- 
ple were still missing after last 
Thursday’s incidents, in which 
police are said to have gone on 
the rampage after the bomb 
Mast shooting 10 people 

The committee said that, of 
96 people taken into custody 
by the police after the incident. 
64 had been released. “No one 
is telling ns the names of the 
32 still under detention and we 
cannot check whether they are 
on the list of missing people," 
a spokesman said. 

In Madras, the Tamil 
United Liberation Front (Tnlf) 
said that 35 people had been 
killed by the security forces on 

The Minister of National 
Security, Mr Lalith Athulath- 
nradali, was quoted in a gov- 
ernment-controlled newspaper 
yesterday as saying: “Tnlf is 
engaged in an exercise in 
arithmetic. It has multiplied 
the citizens’ committee figure 
by three and a half.” 

A resident of Batticoloa said 
that about 15,000 acres of nee 
are ready for harvesting but 
people are afraid to go into the 
fields. He said fighting be- 
tween the security forces and 
Tamfi guerrillas in the second 
week of September had re- 
sulted in more than 10,000 
refugees. The guerrillas have 
blasted bridges and railway 
tracks during the past two 
weeks in an attempt to disrupt 
communi cations and troop 

Meanwhile, Palipane Chan- 

drananda, the chief priest of 
one of the country's three most 
powerful sects of Buddhist 
monks, told a mass rally in the 
hill capital of Kandy that stern 
action would be taken by the 
Buddhist clergy if the Govern- 
ment went ahead with plans 
for devolution through the 
creation of provincial councils. 
He said provincial councils 
were not asked for or wanted 
by the majority Sinhalese. 

The chief priest criticized a 
promise made to Tamil nego- 
tiators by the Government to 
withdraw the security forces 
from the troubled Northern 
and Eastern provinces. 

The leader of the Sri Lanka 
Freedom Party, the former 
Prime Minister, Mrs Sirima 
Bandaranaike. said at the 
meeting (hat it would be a 
national tragedy if the provin- 
cial council Bill was passed. 
She said that MPs must be 
compelled not to vote for the 
Bill, which President Jaye- 
wardene plans to present to 
Parliament after the next 
round of talks with Tamil 

More blasts hit Batticoloa 

Colombo (Reuter) - A se- 
ries of bombs planted by 
Tamil guerrillas rocked Bai- 
ticoloa yesterday soon after 
the Government reimposed a 

Residents said the blasts 

were to warn people to heed 
rebel orders to stay indoors. 
No one was injured. 

A government statement 
said guerrillas shot dead a 
man going to work at Eravur 
in the Batticoloa district 

Nakasone apology 
soothes Seoul 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan attempted to patch 
up serious diplomatic damage 
and hurt feelings with an 
apology by the Prime Minister 
in South Korea at the 

Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone flew 
to Seoul specially for]a two- 
day visit, which was billed as 
support for South Korea at the 
opening of the Asian Games. 

But the real reason was to 

try to mend deteriorating 
relations, at their lowest point 
in raanv months, after com- 
ments by Mr Masayuki Fujio, 
later dismissed as Education 
Minister by Mr Nakasone, 
that South Korea was partly 
responsible for its annexation 
and colonization by Japan 
from 1910. 

A South Korean trade defi- 
cit which could reach $6 
billion this year, and the 
perennial problem of the sta- 
tus of Koreans in Japan, are 
also constant irritants between 
the two neighbours, who seem 
unable to get away from being 
the “best of enemies". 

At one time the bouin 
Koreans were threatening to 
call off the first regular meet; 
ing of the two countries 
foreign ministers after Mr 
Fujio's opinions were pub- 
lished in a magazine ^ inter- 
view. But Mr Nakasone s swift 
dismissal of him seems to 

have satisfied Korean honour. 

Mr Nakasone expressed his 
profound regrets to President 
Qmn Doo Hwan during a 
meeting at the weekend, and 
said the Government took a 
serious view of. the former 
ministers comments. 

But as many Koreans as 
Japanese know that Mr Fujio 
was merely voicing views 
widely held in the right wing 
of Japan’s Liberal Democratic 

So if the immediate dip- 
lomatic crisis- is over, it is 
unlikely to be so qniddy 
forgotten at the private level 
as yet another gratuitous in- 
sult for South Korea from 
people who regularly appear 
in opinion polls as their least 
favourite nation. 

As part of his efforts to 
make amends, Mr Nakasone 
wem straight to the national 
cemetery in Seoul to lay a 
wreath at the tomb of the 
Unknown Soldier. 

At their second meeting 
yesterday, Mr Nakasone told 
the President that Japan, 
would make a modification of] 
its finger-printing system to 
try to ease tensions over the 
issue among Koreans in Japan 
who have to undergo fin 
printing, even though 1 _ 
may have been bom in Japan 
and speak fluent Japanese. 

. v <*/v- .i «■■■ 

Vo ; L 

-a. r.-. • • . . • . ■■ 

TonoiwKc Prime Minister, left, with 
Mr jgCh Sewl y«teri»y. I 

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SEPTEMBER 25, 1985 

¥ our reselection wilt take 
place on Tuesday, Dec- 
ember 10,” Peter Kil- 
leen told me over the 
phone today. As assis- 
tant regional organizer of the 
Labour Party in the North West, 
tie was reporting on his meeting 
with my constituency manage- 
ment committee last night. They 
voted to start the mandatory 
reselection process that all Labour 
MPs have to face in every 

At least Peter was positive, if a 
little dramatic. He made it sound 
Bke an execution. There are many 
who hope it will be. 

.' “Why is it taking so long?" I 
asked. I wanted to have the whole 
thing out of the way as quickly as 
possible, and certainly before 
Christmas. My life has already 
been disrupted and made mis- 
erable enough all this last year 
At one time, earlier in the year, 1 
felt inclined to let the Militants 
have their way. I thought that if 
the constituency management 
committee dearly preferred an- 
other candidate. I would accept 
the decision with as much dignity 
and good grace as I could muster 
and quietly step aside. 

■ But now I've changed my mind. 
Uve no intention of going quietly. 
The intervention of Bob Parry, the 
MP for Liverpool' Riverside, 
changed all that. 

• ’.One night in May. just as I was 
a|»ut to vote in the "Aye" lobby 
fn the House of Commons. Parry 
Bad sidled up to me in his hangdog 

.“Bob." he whispered. He 
glanced around conspiratoriaJJy, 
as if to ensure that no one was 
listening. "Can I have a word?" 
lie beckoned me to an alcove. 

~ “I’ve been asked to have a word 
with you, as chairman of the 
group." He coughed. He meant 
the Merseyside Group of Labour 
S4Ps — which did not meet very 
often and the identity of whose 
chairman was unknown even to 
softie members of the group. He 
seemed hesitant I was impatient 
ip vote and leave for home. 

“Tve a . . He looked round 
again. “I've been asked to offer 
you a deal" I listened, first with 
incredulity, then amazement, and 
finally with a mixture of anxiety 
and anger. 

What the "deal" amounted to 
was that I should reconcile myself 
to the “feet" that I would not be 
reselected for my Knowsley North 
seat but be replaced by the 
Militant supporter and president 
of Liverpool Labour Party. Tony 
Mulheam. That, he said, had 
already been "decided". However. 
iCl went quietly and there was "no 
fuss". I could have the can- 
didature for the neighbouring, but 
Tgry-held, West Lancashire cons- 
Muency. We should win this seat 
$t' the next election, he said, 
especially if I were the candidate, 
as it was composed of a large pan 
of my old Ormskirk constituency. 

If, however, I refused to accept 
"reality" and caused a public row. 
1 would find myself blacklisted in 
West Lancashire and elsewhere, as 

Extracted from Hard Labour: The 
Political Diary of Robert Kilroy- 
SUk, to be published by Chatto & 
Wind us on September 29 at £9.95. 

T his offer of a "deal" 
made me determined to 
fighL It was a decision 
strongly endorsed by my 
wife, Jan, and later by 
Neil Kiniiock. A few weeks after 
the encounter with Parry I offered 
Neil my resignation from the front 
bench Home Office team. T 
thought that it might be more 
damaging for the party if a front- 
bencher were seen to be in conflict 
with his local party. Neil insisted 
that I siay. 

At my May constituency meet- 
ing 1 delivered a short statement 
about the “dear. I told them I 
would fight with all the strength at 
my disposal, and that I expected 
their support. I did not, however, 
name Parry. My main motive, I 
admit, was to ensure that the story 
ran in the Press a few days longer 
than it otherwise would have 
done, while the hunt for the 
messenger took place. But I 
remember feeling also that I ought 
not to divulge his name because he 
had spoken to me in confidence. 

Immediately 1 had finished my 
statement there was uproar That’s 
what Pd anticipated. But you 
would have expected, wouldn't 
you. that the bitterness and the 
anger would have been directed at 
the conspirators and their mes- 
senger boy. Not a bit of it The 
normal rules of civilized behav- 
iour don't apply when Militant is 
in control. Their fury and abuse 
was directed at me. Indeed, those I 
knew to have been supporters of 
Militant were the loudest and the 
crudest in their condemnation of 
me. And for what? For not naming 
Parry. I felt as though 1 had just 
been mugged and on reporting the 
matter to the police had been 
rewarded with a hard kick in the 

From that point, however, they 
no longer pretended tbat they were 
not engaged in an atiempt to have 
a Militant, or someone who would 
dance to its tune, representing 
Knowsley North. Throughout the 
summer a state of open warfare 
existed in the constituency party, 
with my management committee 
clearly divided between the pro- 
and anii-Militants. 

Not being political fanatics, my 
supporters do not attend meetings 


I n 1983, Robert KHroy-Silk lost his Ormskirk 
constituency to the Boundary Commission. 
Three years later he found he had lost his new 
seat, Knowsley North, to the Militant 
Tendency. In between he had been under 
siege. Militant used Labour’s hew mandatory 
deselection procedures and old-fashioned intimida- 
tion to gain control of a seat with a 17,000 Labour 
majority. “They want a different kind of MP,” he 
“told a close friend early in 1985. “They want a duf- 
fel-coated unshaven revolutionary who’ll spend 
jnostof his time at the end of a megaphone on every 
"conceivable demonstration and who’d wallow in idle 
glamour and notoriety of being arrested oh a picket 
■fine. That’s not me. And I’m not prepared to be like 
that.” Kilroy-Silk’s diary of the weeks when the 
battle was at its height presents a frightening first- 
hand picture of how Militant works on Merseyside. 
In the first of five extracts, he reveals how the* 
extraordinary offer of a deal by a fellow MP made 
him determined to fight back. 

RMXHi r g m byQraW"*** 

well as deselected ib Knowsley 

All this, apparently, was 
"decided" — he kept using the 
word — at a secret meeting at the 
Transport and General Workers* 
Union office in Transport House, 
Liverpool, following a caucus of 
the so-called “broad left" that 
chose Mulheam to be their 

Mulheam's interest is no secret. 
He's after a seat wherever it might 
be found. He was at one time 
active in trying to replace Frank 
Field in Birkenhead. He foiled. 
Indeed, he was on the short list 
when I was selected for Ormskirk 
in 1973. He. put his head in his 
hands and cried when told that I 
had won on the first ballot and 
that he had received only one 
voie. 1 

Bob Parry seemed upset when I 
called him a creep. 

“You're doing Militant’s dirty 
work for it’’ 1 added. “You're just 
as bad as they are. Well, you can 
tell them there's no way that I'll go 
quietly. There'll be a God-fid- 
mighty row." 

as diligently as the Militants do, 
but when they do attend they have 
to brazen out an aggressively 
hostile atmosphere, endure being 
hissed at, heckled and jeered every 
time they speak. At times they are 
even physically intimidated, el- 
derly women as much as the men. 

.The way they are treated is, of 
course, one reason why they don’t 
always attend when they should. 
They know they are giving the 
party to the Militants, but it is 
difficult to persuade them to turn 
up on a wet Tuesday evening in 
winter and sit in a cold room to be 
reviled and shouted at by political 
thugs. So a clear field is left for the 

Their position on my manage- 
ment committee has also been 
strengthened by a sudden increase 
in the number of delegates. These 
have been stable ax around'80 for a 
couple of years, indeed longer. ’ 
Now there are 140. 

It's interesting to work out how 
they’ve achieved this. Like all 
others, my constituency Labour 
party is governed by a manage- 
ment committee that usually 
meets once a month, ft is this 
committee that selects the par- 
liamentary candidate and to 
which he or she is responsible. The 
committee is composed of dele- 




Parti: The bid 

to shut me up 

gates from 10 local council wards. 
Each sends its secretary and two 
delegates for their first 50 mem- . 
bers. or part thereof and one 
additional delegate for eacji addi- 
tional 50 members, or part 
thereof, with -a max i m um of 10 
delegates from any' one branch. 

In addition; each organization 
affiliated to the Labour Party that 
has members living in the constit- 
uency can accredit delegates on 
the basis of one delegate fra- each 
100 members, or pan thereof with 
a maximum of five delegates from 
any one branch. These organiza- 
tions are usually trade unions. 

The increase is the number of 
delegates on my management 
committee occurred in this cate- . 
gory. Someqpe bad been persipd-; 
^ing branches that . were, ,npt 
^members .of the focal party to 
' affiliate and send on the 

basis of their membership, often 
in the hundreds. 

Most of the new delegates came 
under the auspices of the TGWU. 

I don’t believe they are Socialists. 
They certainly do not value 
democracy. They openty take 
instructions on bow to vote from 
the Militants and join enthusias- 
tically in the jeering and bedding. 

^ of other delegates. Long-estab- 
lisbed members of the party, who 
live in the same wards as some of 
these delega tes chrim to be from, 
swear they have never seen them 
'before. • ' 

Y et hoe they are on the 
management commit- • 
tee of one of the safest 
Labour Seats in England . 
and about to decide w*o ' 
will be its next MR Their crcden-" 
tiafc need to be scrutinized caw£ 
fuHy. To be eligible they have' to 
live in tbe constituency, to have 
been a member of the constit- 
uency party tbe. previous year, 
have paid their suhscriptfon, and, 
if representing trade unions .or 
other affiliated organizations, 
have beenpropd&y. . 

' .was ’ ^^the* 

. constituency secretary, Cathy . 
Toner. * 

He hesitated. W 

“What’s Hub matter, Peter?” I 
asked. 1 wtyjtyingat my 
the bay ''Window of my study. A 
green woodpecker was picking 
an is 'Off th£i?acm lawn. 

“Wete, -1 pm Tnot sure," he said 
qufedy*, . . 

Wftatdo you mean, you’re not 

6 Ring Neil... tell him to speak out 

iter, Peter?" I 
at my 

' sure? I’m the Woody MP. -Tot 
entitled to have a full, up-to-dale 
and accurate list of delegates." > 

And so I am. The only reason I 
didn't have one already is that 
Cathy Toner is a supporter of the 
Militants. She always finds po$a 
reasons why an up-to-date list ja 
novavailable. Mind you. given tip 
way io which new delegates ham 
appeared id the last couple ff 
months this isn't' surprising. • 

What was surprising, on ttys 
occasion .was johave tty assistant 
regional organizer hesitate about 
letting piety ve a copy of the list If 
be is going to be ufoa-cautioi*, 
then l am m more trouble thaarJ- 
thougbL •> 

Peter left the phpne to seek 
advice.- tbe woodpecker fie# 
away. When Peter came- back, lie 
Said he'd send me the list Now tty; 
CFuaaLtpsk of examining creden- 

Bui in my. .coldly analyuoty 
moments l think Tve already; 
adjusted to die foci that I won't ty 
in the next Parliament. In some 
ways I'm not even sure that I wan* 


The last cosple of years have been 
difficult and miserable. I'm also 
concerned about the effect on Jan 
and the children. They pretend It ' 
doesn't get to them, bat it does. 
Out summer was virtually de- 
stroyed by it 

Politically, I'm depressed. I 
keep asking myself why we’re aB 
silent while ScargiU and the mad 
Liverpool Militants present them- 
selves as tbe only face of Socialism 
and the Labour movement Now 
we're in favour of the next Labour 
Government l e gislati n g to renew 
all the cases of the miners gaoled 
doling the coarse of the minors* 
dispute, reinstating those who 
have been sacked and reimbursing 
the NUM for all the money that 
has been confiscated by fines, 
sequestration and receivership. 
It's a nonsense. 

Earlier this week I was in tbe 
garden changing the water for the 
ducks and geese. Something had 
been on the radio about Scargfll's 
attempt to railroad next week's 
Labour Party conference- into 
accepting Ins demands. I was 
angry and frustrated at what was 
happening. I was standing watch- 
ing the- immaculate white geese 
that I'd bred picking the corn from 
the hard ground when Jan arrived. 
She leaned on the wide white metal 

“Fra going to make a state- 

ment" I said. I told her tint if I 
didn't speak out I would have a 
heart attack. That is how it feels. I 
actually have a deep burning pain 
in the middle of my chest “This 
ispt what I came into politics for," 
1 said. "I didn't come Into politics 
to support ties and ballying and 
intimidation and law-breaking. 
That's not me." 

"You're sot supporting them," 
she said consolingly. 

"But I am if I don't speak out 
My silence is tantamount to 
appro vaL" 

I let the hosepipe drop and 
leaned on the gate alongside her. 

“All right" she said. “Do it But 
why you? What are all tbe rest 
do fag?" She iwwvH names. 
“They've been reselected. They're 
safe. They can do it firms a position 
of strength. You're the . most 
vulnerable. You've the most to 

She's right 

“Ring NeH," she said. “TeU him 
how you feel. He must feel the 
same. He thinks like yon. Tell turn 
to speak oat He needs to know 
that's bow yon feel, and that you’ll 
support him. He probably feels 
isolated too." 

We walked back to the house. 

“Do what you want to," she said. 
“Do what makes you feel best" 

And I've dime nothing. That's 
why they’re winning. 

- vv •' 
.*&• . ..V-, 

- v*:.. 


was La the garden when I decided I had to makea-statemeiii 

The list of delegates arrived. It 
■ looks bad. There are now 143* 
delegates, which means I need the 
votes of 72 ib order to win. And l 
have 66. 

But according to Peter Killeen, 
there are more delegates from tty 
TGWU than they have paid 
affiliations for. He reckons that, a V 
least weight, and possibly a dozen.: 
will have to go. That's, good news- 
since they're the ones that have; 
-suddenly appeared as if. from, 
nowhere and do the bidding of the 
chairman and the other Militants.’ 

. More delegates are suspect on 
other grounds, particularly threp 
from ASTMS. another from the. 
-Trades Council and some from the - 
;T&G. • r j * 

I spoke to Peter Fisher, mv 
former Parliamentary agent a ng£ 
still a friend on the telephone/ .H&£ 
xvas confident, and anxious ■ 

; begin .the careful and discreet} 
investigation of the delegates; S& 
was - my present agent Geo® 
Kneale. and his wife, Frances, 
Mayor of Knowsley. They seem ttg 
be animated by the promise dp 
defeating the Militants. 1 hope thafr 
their excitement and confident^ 
w21 be rewarded. I'm in trouble*^ 

O Jtafc«t nomine - - & 


Kinnock speaks on 
Heffer walks out 
and I strikeout 





Britain shrinks from it, but psychotherapy is growing. 

Talking to 

ses its uses 



S usannas a successful happv 

exiroven with a good soSal 
Hie and a career in market- 
ing She had always been 
prone to minor depressions, 
but accepted them and even wel- 
comed them the joy she was 
capable of experiencing regularly 
seemed to make them worthwhile 
■ But after three months of sleep- 
less nights unprovoked crying and 
the reeling that life was not worth 
living, she realized the need for 
professional help and found a 

Susan was luckv to have some 
insight into her psyche and us 
problems She had a. OP who did 
not fob her off with tranquillizers 
but agreed that psychotherapv was 
prohabJv the answer 
Genera] practitioners reckon that 
at least one in 1 2 pauents will have a 
problem which is psychological 
rather than phvsical even if they 
themselves ao not recognize that 
loss of appetite or chronic back pain 
mav be linked to for example their 
mania] difficulties 
Some will talk to their GP about 
the possible causes But the major- 
itv will be prescribed drug treat- 
ment usuallv tranquillizers or anti- 
depressants and nothing else 
People can become as addicted to 
minor tranquillizers as to heroin 
and coming off them can be more 

• But addiction and side-effects are 
not the onlv reasons for protest 
Drugs offer onlv symptomauc re- 
lief ihev do not solve problems, 
thev do not get to the root of 
depression or anxiety and above all 
(hev do not help people to make 
sense of their suffering and pain 
Treatments such as psycho- 
therapy aim primarily to do that 
Psvchological help is more widely 
available than 10 vears ago but it 
has not swept across Britain as in 
some parts of the l mted States, 
where vou are considered abnormal 
il vou don r see a therapist 
And outside the metropolitan 
areas there is resistance among all 
classes "Talking about your prob- 
lems to a stranger is almost 
obscene' was a not uncommon 
response from a \ orkfoircman “In 
Gloucestershire we talk to our 
husbands we don't need thera- 
pists" said an acquaintance 
Wanness of this sort of help is 
partly ignorance partly the stigma 
attached to anv problem labelled 
psychological People are more 
relaxed about admitting 10 pains in 
the stomach than m the psyche 
“When my GP suggested I saw a 
marriage guidance counsellor I felt 
he was idling me that my backache 
was imaginary and that I was going 
mad" said Marv a shop assistant 
who just managed to tell her doctor 
that she and her husband were 
thinking of separation “I fdt so 
ashamed ’ Even when people have 
elec led psychotherapy they may 
keep quiet about >i John, a teacher 
who has had two vears of psycho- 
therapy admitted **! don’t tell 

t xiracted from Talking to a 
Stranger A Consumer’s Guide to 
Therapy b\ lmdsa\ Knight Fon 
tana Books to be published on 
f bundm t2 9^ 


anyone ai work because 
think I'm a mental case “ 

Such stigma 15 based on fear 
There is the fear of appearing weak 
or pathetic 10 allow feelings of 
depression or anxiety to take such a 
hold “PulLvour-socks-up” therapy 
is sadly frequently doled out by GI% 
or figures of authority like teachers 
There is the misconception that 
psychological pain is not serious, it 
is an excuse and sufferers are 

But the greater fear is of madness, 
which haunts people who are de- 
pressed crippled by . a phobia, 
dominated by uncontrollable jeal- 
ousy or just deeply unhappy The 

may reem toconlnii'thatfear ^ 

None of us can live without 
certain levels of stress and anxiety 
But this level can rise to affect 
seriously an individual's life This 
can take the form of chronic 
insomnia a phobia which begins to 
take over or a feeling ofbemg out of 
control and not living life well In 
each case professional help should 
be considered 

Psychotherapy is using people to 
treat other people But unlike 
friendship the goal of therapy is 
eventually to pan The idea is that 
any dependence should be worked 
through and disappear because 
some people find it unnatural to 
build up a reliance on someone who 
is divorced from the rest of their 
life The objective outsider is a key 
to any success which psychotherapy 
may achieve 

“Everything pours out when I see 
my therapist" is one common view 
“I've talked about my childhood 
and my family m enormous detail, 
and (earned to understand 11 all 1 
could never be so amazingly honest 
with a friend or lover I would 
always feel 1 was bonng them, or 
that thev weren't really listening. I 

really do have, to be able to say 
absolutely everything, however 

Therapists have to be non-judg- 
menial and to keep their own 
feelings, values and experiences 
separate from what the patient tells 
them They should not become 
emotionally involved They vary in 
the extent to which they offer any 
information about themselves, the 
traditional psychoanalyst, for exam- 
ple will still see him or herself as the 
blank screen Freud described 

Friends and lovers may too often 
advise rather than just listen 
Whether the advice is sound or not 
psychotherapy and counselling are 
based on the belief that it is better tn 

the long run to make up your own 
mind and be responsible for your 
own decisions and actions Thus 
many practitioners work in a way 
that is termed non-directive 
It is essential that a therapist 
offers the son of secure, trusting 
relationship that good parents offer 
their children This is especially 
important for people who did not 
have such relationships in child- 
hood or who have failed to achieve 
good relationships in adulthood 
In The Heart of Psvchotherapx 
George Weinberg comments. “As 
psychotherapists we will see a great 
many pauents who have never been 
listened to Their parents paid 
attention only when they liked what 

was being said if at all Many of our 
pauents would be quite different if 
onlv someone some adult had 
taken the time to bear them out ' 

As Weinberg and other therapists 
stress everyone underestimates 
how rare it is to find someone who 
is a good listener and who has the 
abilitv to communicate that “I hear 
what vou are saying and it matters" 
Thev emphasize the healing quality 
of being listened to and of having 
what vou say “reflected” skilfully by 
the therapist 

A good therapist not only listens 
to the patient's words but also to the 
emouonal undertones (which may 
clash considerably with what is 
being said), noung the non-verbal 
clues like facial and bodily ex- 
pressions Someone might say they 
are very happy that their son is 
geiung married, but the fixed smile 
and slight tenseness around ihe 
shoulders may belie this 
The an of listening is dearly 
important when the patient is 
telling the therapist what may have 
been a long-held and shameful 
secret for example, that he had an 
incestuous relationship as a child 

“We are releasing the person 10 
reconsider it in a whole new light, by 
countenancing his presentation of u 
by merely listening" writes Wein- 
berg. "Whatever our impact, we 
encourage the patient to explore 
new territory And he comes to 
think of us as a comrade on his 
journey 10 places he has never 
visited before" 

T he phrase “a comrade on 
his journey” may sound 
roman uc, 'but central 10 
ihe psychological thera- 
pies is a belief in every 
individual worth, bis or her 
autonomy and “speoaJness” and 
the right 10 be taken seriously For 
some the encounter may be the first 
ume such rights have been met 
So the good therapist, for the 
whole of the ume he sees each 
patient, tries to show that person 
respect, warmth and empathy The 
feet that he or she is a professional 
trained and paid to listen, does not 
pre-empt caring. A well-respected 
analyst said some of the best advice 
he could give to anyone considering 
therapy would be to find a therapist 
who was a “human being" some- 
one who seemed warm, not de- 
tached and aloof 
"No matter how much craft a 
therapist, learns, he is lost if he 
suppresses the power to feel dis- 
tressed. helpless, or to feel exhila- 
rated, or even loved by a patient" 
cautions Weinberg. 

‘As soon as I realized I could kill myself, I felt better’ 


epressuo a Che symp- 
tom most likely to 
prompt people to seek 
psychotherapy or 
counselling. The cause is 
.frequently a relationship problem: 
the end of a relationship, a string of 
unsatisfactory relationships or the 
inability to form them. 

Often however, people have no 
dear idea of the root cause, simply a 
feeling that something is wrong. 
Psychotherapist Brenda Moor com- 
mented: “A lot of my clients are 
materially rich bat have lost then- 
sense of identity. Their external 
world is fine but they fed bad inside. 
They need to make the connection 
between the external world and their 
internal world." 

Louisa is 39, works in advertising, 
and fdt she had recovered from her 
divorce five years ago. She is often 
happy hot increasingly she has 
become aware that she has never 
laced op to her feelings about the 
divorce and her mother's death a few 
years earlier. She chose psycho- 
therapy because she hoped that she 
might at last lay some ghosts and 
gara. peace of mind by talking 
through the loss and grief. _ 

Mary is in her mid-thirties. She 

can hardly remember a time when 
she hasn't felt depressed. “Even as a 
child I felt lonely and alienated, a 
failure compared to everyone else In 
the family. I was the only one of six 
children of very successful parents 
to fail the U-pIns. 

“I had my first attack of serious 
depression when I was 15, but I 
didn't ask anyone for help. I couldn't 
talk to my parents about how I fdt. 
It may sound strange but as soon as 
I realized I could loll myself, that I 
had that option, I immediately felt 
modi better.” 

A good marriage, three children 
and a satisfying teaching fob w ere 
not enough to prevent Mary's 
depression returning at regular 
intervals. She never asked her GP to 
help, but she spent time analysing 
herself and recognized some of the 
underlying themes. “I still don't see 
marriage and children as a comple- 
tion of my sell And my depression 
has a despair underlying it all. 1 
really have no hope for my life." 

The depression when her yono- 
gest child went to school was the 
worst. “I just wasn't prepared for 
the intensity of my feelings. I 
became fanatically depressed. On 
the surface Z carried on my life as 

normal but everything churned away 
all the time underneath." 

Two years ago, she took the 
decision to seek professional help. 
She has been seeing a psychothera- 
pist since. “Esothnmlly I was 
paralysed and I realized this was an 
indication 1 needed help. I also 
wanted to change, to come closer to 
other people, mid I felt I couldn't 
make that change on my own." 

The depression of many women is 
linked to their single state, with 
feelings of isolation and failure. 
Carol, who has been having analysis 
for six years, says: “I felt forlorn, 
only half a person and often very 
lonely. 1 felt something was lacking 
in my life, that no man had chosen 
me as his mate." 

Some people seek psychothera- 
peutic help for specific problems or 
difficulties; they recognize the 
sources of their depression. Jane 
had been married for 12 years when 
she discovered her husband was 
having an affair with one of her 
friends. He admitted that this 
wasn't the first time. Jane was 
devastated and they stopped 

“It was as if our whole relation- 
ship had been founded on a lie. I felt 

completely on my own; that I was 
the only person this had ever 
happened to; that nobody could 
possibly understand. 

“1 felt f was going insane. My life 
was completely turned upside down. 
I felt absolute despair, just like 
fa llin g down an abyss, everything 
was out of kilter, and I couldn’t cope 
with the most mundane everyday 
tasks." She was dearly heading for 
a breakdown when a friend recom- 
mended marriage guidance counse- 
ling. She has been going for more 
than a year. 

“Depression can mean a trajriad 
of things”, explained a psychothera- 
pist, Jill Curtis. “Some people are in 
a total crisis, others seem to have 
reasonably good and successful 
lives, but last don't fed right They 
may be the sort who discover they 
cannot get rid of these depressed 
feelings by going away on holiday." 



How the therapist 
sets about 

mending a marriage 

Princess and 
the pleas... 

Wanted: patrons for 
Britain’s 154,000 

charities. Members 

of the Royal 

Family preferred 


of Animals m North Africa 
(Span a) has all the qualities 
you could hope to find in a 
traditional British chanty It 
pleads on behalf of the mute 
and tile four-legged, including 
that incomparable heart- 
wringer, the donkey What n 
does not have is a patron. 

So if you fed you could lend 
your influence and time in ihe 
cause of donkeys, horses, 
mules and camels in that part 
of the world, they will no 
doubt be glad to hear from 
you One other point, how- 
ever although you do not 
necessarily have 10 be a reign- 
ing monarch, membership of 
the Royal Family is a definite 
plus. For. when it comes to the 
patron game, there is little to 
beat a crown on the hat-rack. 

The Duchess of York would 
be ideal And if she should 
happen to have a weakness for 
Saharan quadrupeds, then an 
awful lot of ailing camels will 
find a marked upswing in their 
quality of life For flag-day 
potential the Duchess has no 

Although she has made it 
clear that she is not accepting 
any such offers for the mo- 
ment, the invitations are flow- 
ing in. the lobbying continues 
ana the fnends-of-friends 
murmur in shadowed corners, 
all m the interests of getting 
her interested 

With her ability to com- 
mand headlines ana television 
cameras, she is worth mil- 
lions. “What this business is 
all about is pulling people, and 
that’s what she can do," said 
one chanty professional 

Discreetly (because patron- 
grabbing is, above all a dis- 
creet business) the rush is on. 
And for aH their silken man- 
ners, it is also a business of 
competition There are 
154,000 chanties in Britain. 
There aren't 154.000 amiable 

Since the Queen already 
lends her name to 2000 
charities, the Duke of Edin- 
burgh 1,000, and the others 
are also heavily laden, you can 
see why there is such excite* 
mem when an unencumbered 
and photogenic newcomer 
joins foe Palace team. 

Surprisingly, perhaps, it was 
Princess Anne who first 
pointed foe way The Royal 
Family had always given sup- 
port in the traditional ways — 
and thousands of organiza- 
tions had benefited - but she 
showed with the Save The 
Children Fund what could 
done by an influential individ- 
ual with enough sincerity and 

To be absolutely accurate. 
Princess Anne is not even foe 
patron, foe Queen holds that 
title So it was suggested to foe 
fund that, if they wanted a 
president who would like to 
do some work at foe sharp 
end, they should perhaps ap- 
proach foe Princess. Their 
pleasure over that news was 
nothing compared ro their 
‘ slight later 

When she went to Africa 

and the Middle East, foe 
world's cameras tagged along 
behind her Since then she has 
been to India, Bangladesh. 
Pakistan and the Sudan to 
monitor famine relief work, 
again it was all seen on 

In 10 years, her chosen 
chanty's income has risen 
from £4 5 million to £40 mil- 
lion Even allowing for the 
wordwide emphasis on famine 
relief, much of the credit for 
this achievement must go to 
foe princess. Chns Thornton 
explains the impact quite 
simply When he joined Save 
The Children, less than five 
years ago. he had to explain fo 
people what the organization 
was “Now we are a household 
name.” he says. 

When Lady Diana Spencer 
manned the Prince of Wales, 
the possibilities were immedi- 
ately obvious — and in poured 
foe applications. At first, as 
the Duchess of York ts doing 
now-, she declined them all. 
Then she began to accept a 
handful of the ones which 
particularly interested her 
Help the .Aged, who'd never 
had a Royal patron before, 
was one of the favoured few 
“When she went to one of our 
homes, she wouldn't allow foe 
old people to stand up, but 
insisted on kneeling by their 
chaus." their spokesman said. 
“She is absolutely charming.'* 

Fergie and Di have brought 
a new excitement to the 
patron business. When I asked 
Fran Willison — director of 

* ■* - 

5 * „• * ** * * * * ? ••• ? , 

V *■ l x X ■ •* * P ’ 

‘ ***»•.»• « ' 

• * * * » ! ✓ * *V * 

The Duchess; charitable 2 

foe publicity for foe Muscular 
Dystrophy Group - if char- 
ities were interested in Fergie, 
she replied in two words: 
“Like mad." 

What chance does Spana 
stand of catching her eye’ fia 
foe bustle of modern chanty 
work, they are perhaps a btfle 
less than ruthless. The chanty 
was formed after a Mrs Kate 
Hosali wok her daughter Nina 
on holiday to North Africa in 
1921 They were appalled by' 
the way foe Arabs treated foeiF 
animals and Mrs Hosalt dedi- 
cated herself to improving 
their lot 

It is an institution so ray- 
ognizably English foal you- 
find yourself casting Margaret 
Rutherford and Alastair Sira 
even as you think about it. 

"A royal patron would be 
marvellous,” one of Spana's 
officials, a retired bank man-- 
ager. said Then he added: “F 
imagine one has to know how- 
to set about getting one" 
Unfortunately, one does. 

Colin Doncan 

© Ttmw Ha w pa p aw LM 1988 

Living amongst 
rotting food, 
excrement and 
dirty nappies. 
This is not a rat. 
It’s a child 
of 15 months. 

Child abuse doesn 1 always involve 
bruises and broken bones The problem 
of neglect can be just as harmful 

\ 1' month old child was recently 
found hung in conditions hardh more 
samtan than a sewer 

Disowned b% his parents, he spent 
his life amongst filth and rubbish in a 
dingy flat where even the toilet didnt 

fortunately for him h» situation 
came to the attention of the NSPCC It 
can take X1 1 48 to protect a child for 
two weeks 

But donations of am siz-e will be 
gratefulh received Wr generosm could 
give a child the chance to live like a 
human bang and not like a rat 

I mni mhdppr mxii bid efltlaurtn heqae « 
jv-til order 

Ji. O 

\<xtv.»nd\ika MtltaWwmm drtwAaraewonfr- 

Sabrina’s beautiful future 





M «k I 


» 4 till**/ M 61615 NVFl 

>RHK& Tr .T- 

hc «qooWbrt«n w umi 
.V«* *rxn -hi Join * *i« 

1 have come back from Ireland 
with a brand-new gcKtdaugh- 
ter Well, I haven't actually 
come back wtfo her, because 
her parents said they hadn't 
gone through what seemed 
like a nine-year pregnancy for 
me to carry her away m my 
overnight bag. But f have been 
put in charge of her spiritual 
welfare which — since foe is to 
be christened Sabrina and 
comes from a long line of 
blondes on both sides — may 
well become a full-time job 
In spite of it meaning an 
increased workload for her 
godmother, I hope she turns 
out a beauty, because it has 
not escaped my attention that 
beautiful women have more 
fun than anybody else 1 think 
W B Yeats was being ridicu- 
lously over-cautions when he 
prayed for his daugbier 

Max she be granted beauty 
and vet not 
Beauty to make a stranger’s 
eve distraught 
Or hen before a looking-glass, 
fen such 

Being made beautiful 
Consider beam a sufficient 

Lose natural fondness and 
_ , maybe 

The heart-revealing intimacy 
That chooses right and never 
find a friend 
Rubbish The world gives 
gorgeous women a good tune 
and, because these things are 
reciprocal, gorgeous women 
give a good time to foe world 
It will also make things 
easier forme to threaten that if 
she doesn't eat her carrots and 
muesli, she wtillose her looks 
if she has some looks in danger 
ofbemg lost Should she point 
out that I live on a diet of 
, Cnindue bars and Irish whis- 
key I shall show her a picture 





of my 1 7-year-old self and say 
that 11 was taken last year 
before I fell uno bad culinary 

My greatest fear for her is 
that she may be knocked into 
senselessness by the pen- 
dulum swing which I predict 
will happen m 20 years or so 
At foe moment, everyone is 
being so chaste and conscien- 
tious that u's bound to go out 
of fashion and poor Irttle 
Sabrina will probably grow up 
to find a new Age of Licen- 
tiousness on her doorstep It 
will be a race against time to 
give her a taste for work and 
study and serious-minded 

in foe last decade that lost 
its marbles, the 1960s, the 
most vulnerable victims were 
respectable men on foe brink 
of middle age who suddenly 
stopped being accountants 
and took to bare feet and 
beaded headbands They had 
evidently been on so tight a 
rem foat they were delighted 
to let it snap In the year 2000, 
women are foe ones who may 

be tempted to do whatever foe 
equivalent of letting it all hang 
out will be 

They are under so much 
pressure to be successful at 
work at foe same time as being 
an agreeable helpmate ana 
responsible mother that very 
soon they will be longing for a 
licence to do their own thing — 
which, as far as I can recall of 
those dreadful days of flower- 
power and filthy communes — 
means doing nothing at all 

It will be a distressing tune 
for me if Sabrina decides she 
wants to do a degree course in 
leather applique and curls her 
lip at young men just because 
they are m management con- 
sultancy and nave clean 
fingernails I can only hope to 
dissuade her from such a 
course by example 

“Lot*,” I shall say to her 
when foe announces her 
intention to spend every after- 
noon practising meditation 
and self-awareness, “here I am 
working six hard days a week 
and still managing to have a 
very nice ume Ditto Estee 
Lauder, Joan Collins and Julie 
Burchifl ” Then I shall take 
her off to Joe Allen’s for a 
Bloody' Mary which, I suspect, 
is a godmother’s first duty 

In Ireland I live perfectly well 
without a washing-machine 
dishwasher or food-processor 
So I can't understand why 
since I have come back, the 
machines m m\ London flat 
are chugging awax from morn- 
ing to mght and I am forever 
assembling and then dis- 
mantling m\ Moulinex There 
must be a sort of Parkinson s 
la* with regard to gadgetn 
which states that deifies and 
crockm get dim and food 
needs complicated preparation 
according to the amount of 
electrical equipment available 


I Jobs (5) 

4 Windpipe ( 7 ) 

8 Fanatical (5) 

9 Surface rack (7) 

10 Well-known (8) 

11 Sullen (4) 

13 Deposit (4,7) 

17 Defeat (4) 

18 Open carnage (8) 

21 French throne bar 


22 Faith (5) 

23 Sledges (7) 

24 Perpendicular (5) 


1 Import lax (6) 

2 Sebaceous secretion 

3 Indirect (8) 

4 Tfaonusm saint ( 6 , 7 ) 

5 Lowest female voice 12 Honorary professor's 


6 Barbed missile (7) 

7 Eleeincny unit (6) 

title (8) 

14 Block (7) 

15 Qeanngs(fi) 

16 Form pus (6) - -• 

19 Fruit, icr cream des- 
sen |5) 

20 Old Liberal (4) •• 

_He could be _ 
standing next 



ft- fem-zstaA*;-' 







Two South African diplomats 
attending the Liberal party assem- 
bly in Eastbourne this week are 
being warned by the organizers 
not to cause any trouble. A wise 
precaution, since one of them is 
Richard Davis, the coloured dip- 
lomat among the group which 
created a storm at last week's SDP 
conference by gatecrashing a pri- 
vate reception — an indiscretion 
compounded by their ambassador 
asking the party to change its 
policy on apartheid. When Davis 
and colleague arrive at Eastbourne 
the conference chairman. Roger 
Hayes, will lecture them on Lib- 
eral policy towards their country— 
to force an end to apartheid 
through disinvestment and 
psychological sanctions, but not 
by a full trade embargo — and will 
then caution them against any 
attempt to bust in on fringe 
meetings or organize anything 
from the floor. Hell hath no fury 
like the wrath of a Liberal. 

Marginal seats 

This year's assembly sees a partial 
return to the Liberals' traditional 
policy of letting unknown dele- 
gates sit on the platform with the 
leader and other bigwigsJn Dun- 
dee last year only the important 
and famous were allowed to sit in 
full view of the cameras, mainly 
because space was limited to one 
row. In Eastbourne, with two 
rows, democratic values have 
returned, albeit with qualifica- 
tions: the fiont row is set aside for 
dignitaries, while the one behind is 
open to anyone, on a first-come, 
first-served basis. I predict a daily 


Next month the Communist 
Party's monthly magazine, Marx- 
ism Today . hosts what it is 
vaunting as the first ever left 
fashion show, in which “the very 
latest designers from college wiil 
present their work". In case it all 
proves too much for the com- 
rades. there will also be items of 
sartorial conservatism, including 
such old favourites as Ken 
Livingstone's flared trousers and 
safari jacket "the Trots kyite flat 
top and the workerist donkey 
jacket and badges". Forewarned is 

Paris, natch 

Who is to be our next man in 
Paris? I can reveal that the Foreign 
Office has lined up Ewan 
Feigusson. former ambassador to 
South Africa, who in his youth 
played rugger for Scotland; 
Fergusson, now in charge of Africa 
and the Near East at the FO, gets 
the plum posting as a consolation 
prize after being pipped for the job 
as head of the Foreign Office by 
Sir Patrick Wright. The appoint- 
ment has yet to be approved by 
Mrs Thatcher, and there is 
speculation that Sir Crispin 
Tided!, now permanent under 
secretary at Overseas Develop- 
ment may mount a counierstrike. 
Ticket L. furious at FO plans to 
make him ambassador designate 
to the UN. would dearly love the 
Paris job. 



T was so busy ' 
missed the sex and vis 

A real jemmy 

The National House Building 
Council's conference next month 
features a keynote speech by the 
Prince of Wales and two talks on 
making your home secure. One 
will be given by the Home 
Secretary. Douglas Hurd, and the 
other, subject to availability, by a 
real expert on the subject: a 
burglar. The council is looking for 
someone who is not currently 
serving a sentence and for whom 
the police are not looking. As the 
conference organizer. Connie Hig- 
gins. told me: "We don't want to 
engage someone who is going to be 
nicked when the Home Secretary 
speaks." One can see her point. 

Up in lights 

I was lucky enough to see eight 
pages of the Book of Kells at one 
showing in the library of Trinity 
College. Dublin, at the weekend. 
Not such paltry news as it may 
sound: the college had doubled the 
usual quota of pages on display to 
celebrate the announcement of a 
new facsimile edition of the book, 
to be published in Lucerne. Tb the 
uninitiated. I should explain that 
the Book of Kdls is an early 9lh 
century illuminated manuscript of 
the four gospels and one of 
Ireland's greatest treasures. Any- 
one who buys the facsimile will be 
able to flick straight through all 
680 pages, though the $ 10,000 
price tag wilt ensure that the work 
retains its scarcity value. One 
more snag: it won't be published 
until 1 99a As if we hadn't waited 
long enough already. 

" * 

So little time for Alliance 

There was no world situation so 
bad. America's allies used to say, 
that a few well-chosen words from 
John Foster Dulles could not 
make a thousand times' worse. 
Since it was formed five years ago, 
the SDP has come to feel the same 
about the annual assembly of its 
Liberal allies. 

If you accept that in the run-up 
to an election quiet competence is 
the objective, then the SDRs own 
well-ordered conference was a 
success. David Steel has a much 
harder job in trying to drill his far 
more disparate army into the 
same kind of uncontroversial 
obedience, and as the foil Liberal 
assembly opens ' today there 
remain three potential flashpoints: 
defence, nuclear power and the 
SDPs plan for merging tax and 
social security. 

The SDP conference did its best 
to smooth the way to an eventual 
compromise with the Liberals on 
nuclear defence. David Owen, 
uncharacteristically emollient, 
said in public as well as in private 
that the SDP could not expect to 
bounce the Liberals into some- 
thing they had not had time to 
think out and the “minimum 

European deterrent" is a concept 
new to Liberal assembly delibera- 
tions. The SDP conference did 
agree, too, not to stick to die rigid 
tetter of its 1985 defence policy and 
its defence spokesman, Charles 
Kennedy^ pleased Liberal observ- 
ers by affirming that the SDP did 
not insist on the replacement of 
Polaris “come what may". 

But for all those examples of 

Robin Oakley, Political Editor, dp why, the 
Liberal assembly will avoid rocking the boat 
over differences with its SDP partners 

gesture politics, Owen still insists 
that he will not go into an election 
without what he regards as a 
sensible defence policy for the 
SDP, and that means whatever the 
Liberals do. 

Liberal activists say that Steel 
did himself a power of good in bis 
own party by standing up tb Owen 
during the row over the Alliance 
defence commission in eariy sum- 
mer. There should be fewer cries 
at Eastbourne that .Steel has let 
Owen get the boxer of him, 
especially after his only half joking 
reference to “Superbiai Owen" at 
the SDP conference. That was 
definitely designed for home 

But Steel still has to sell a 
compromise to his party, and the 
rank and file — who are ready to 
accept the Spitting Image image of 
him as Owen's vest pocket decora- 
tion — will not be pleased with bis 
latest pronouncements on de- 

In television interviews after his 
appearance at Harrogate. Steel 
went further than be has ever done 
before on the need for a Polaris 
replacement. There win be some 
gnashing of teeth, but in the end 
Steel wiU probably get his way on 

After five years of Alliance 
politics, - the Liberals have 
changed. It is not only the former 

prominent nit-pickers who now 
run midii-millioo pound council 
budgets, but. many of the rank- 
and-file who can see the need for 
Alliance unity if they are to have a 
taste of power at Westminster. 
Steel got his way . in a tricky 
defence debate last year by a small 
margin. With an election ahead he 
should get the votes he needs. 

The question of the SDP plan 
for mergiog tax and benefits is 
rather more complex.' It was 
diyugseH along the way with the 
Liberals but they did not know 
then that Owen was going to make 
it the centrep i ece of the Alliance 
election shop window. And the 
public relations shambles of its 
first presentation in August left 
-many Liberals aghast at the politi- 
cal tusk of selling something so 

The difficulty for the liberals is 
that they have been pressing for - 
some time for Owen to show less 
of his tough side and more of the 
tender. Now that he has done so as 
wholeheartedly as he has, they can 
hardly foil to go along wife him. 
But once again, Owen will have 
succeeded in hjjadting the Alli- 
ance agenda. 

Although they coroperate well 
on the ground in local government 
and in by-election batiks, the two 
Alliance partners do still have real 
differences. The SDP is a party of 

managers; the Liberals a party of 
campaigners in the mould of their 
president, Des WHson. Where the 
SDP is collectivist, . Liberals are 
individualists. They resent 
Owen's tardy concealed contempt 
for Steers lack of authority -over 
his party and bis dismissal of its 
activists as an anarchic rabble. 
There will have to be an outlet, for 
those irritations on one issue al 
least at Eastbourne. 

That issue is likely to be nuclear 
power. On Thursday the Liberals, 
can show their independence by 
backing a call for the phasing out 
of nuclear power stations, in 
contrast to the . SDPs vote last 
week in favour of building more. 
That will be enough to sbow.Owen 
that they canaot be -taken for 
granted, without proving a major 
threat to Alliance unity. It would 
also help to discharge some of the 
Liberal irritation at Owen’s praise 
for the Liberal contribution in 
giving the SDPs e nvir on m ental- 
policies a greener . tinge. They 
regard that as patronizing, bearing 
the implication that the Liberals 
are good on fringe issues while the 
SDP can be trusted to get on with 
the real meat of politics. 

Unless things go badly wrong, 
there f ore, there is likely to be no 
gauntlet in the face, just a slap on 
the wrist. For what the Liberals, 
tike the SDP, are beginning to 
realize is that time is running out. 
They must stop.making poGcy and 
start selling what they have got. 
And they have got to stop talking 
to themselves and begin address- 
ing tire voters outside. 

After Stockholm, Michael Binyon assesses the outlook for Geneva 


With the successful conclusion of 
the 35-nation Stockholm con- 
ference on disarmament in Eu- 
rope. the West is about to approve 
the first arms control agreement 
with the Russians since President 
Reagan came to office six years 
ago. The agreement on confidence 
building measures will not dis- 
mantle a single nuclear weapon or 
remove one soldier from foreign 
soil. But. in Washington at least, it 
is a symbolic victory for the ad- 
vocates of arms control and comes 
as Soviet and US negotiators begin 
another round of the seemingly 
interminable Geneva talks on 
reducing nuclear weapons. 

This time however an unusual 
expectancy hovers in the air. 
There is the question of the US- 
Soviet summit and — assuming 
that the Daniloff affair does not 
destroy everything — both rides 
want to show some progress. 

The Russians have made, 
significant concessions in recent 
months, the pace of talks has 
quickened and Reagan, has. ap- . 
peared increasingly optimistic. - . 
Arms experts meeting in Moscow . . 
and Washington havqgot. down to: 
real business, arid the volume of 
public rhetoric has-been toned 

There is plenty of lost time id * 
make up. For more than a year . 
after the talks began in March 
1985, both rides were shadow 
boxing. The Russians, though 
increasingly adept al the propa- 
ganda battle, put forward little 
except slogans. Washington, di- 
vided on what to offer and what to 
demand, did not know whether 
Moscow’s ambiguity and contra- 
dictions showed a lack of will ora 
lack of direction as the lead er s hi p 
changed. The talks were tittle 
more than a charade. 

In the middle of this year, 
however, Moscow began to re- 
spond to the US proposals in the 
strategic field, one of the three 
areas of negotiation. By dropping 
their insistence that American 
missiles and aircraft based in 
Europe be counted as strategic 
weapons, the Russians brought the 
two sides' proposals for cutting 
offensive weapons closer together. 
By relaxing their call for a total 
ban on research on “space strike 
weapons” they also removed a big 
obstacle to progress in discusring 
defensive weapons. There was a 
willingness at least to listen to the 
US plans for strategic defence. 

Basically. Moscow proposed a 
deal that links offensive and 
defensive by exchanging cuts of 
roughly 25 per cent in missile 
warheads and 30 per cent in 
strategic launchers (as defined by 
the Americans) for a commitment 
by both rides to abide by a 
strengthened Anti-Ballistic Mis- 
sile treaty for 15-20 years and to 
limit research on missile defence 
to the laboratory. In a way, 
Moscow was offering to restore the 
symmetry between offensive and 
defensive limitations that was the 
foundation of the original Salt 

is the thaw 
here to stay? 

agreements in 1 972, but which was 
later eroded by the growth of 
offensive systems. The Americans 
had previously warned that the 
ABM treaty could not stand alone. 
The 1986 Soviet proposals seemed 
to come to the same conclusion. 

President Reagan has done his 
best to keep his reply confidential. 
But many of the details leaked out, 
including an apparent offer to 
delay the deployment of any 
space-based defensive system for 
seven and a half years. The US has 
now gone further, and 'has for- 
mally decided to bade away from a 
proposal for an immediate 50 per 
cent cut in US and Soviet ballistic 
missile warheads, and — narrow- 
ing the negotiating gap — is now 
proposing a reduction of 30 per 
cent. . 

However, big differences still 
remain, especially on the Strategic 
Defeats Initiative. The Russians 
want tight restrictions on the kind 
of SDI research to be permitted, 
which Washington o pp oses; and 
the US has proposed deep cuts in 
large Soviet land-based missiles, 
which Moscow opposes. 

But more progress does seem 
likely in other fields, particularly 

in reducing the number of inter- 
mediate range missiles and in 
verification and confidence build- 
ing measures in the conventional 
field. At Stockholm the Russians 
have finally accepted the principle 
of on-site inspection and aerial 
verification of troop movments 
and concentrations in Europe. 
They are offering to take Nato 
inspection teams in Soviet air- 
craft; Nato has suggested, that 
neutral planes be used, but the 
Russians ate not expected to agree 
to this for fear they would be used 
for spying The compromise now 
being worked out is that the 
nationality of the planes could be 
settled on a case-by-case basis. 

Die question of verification has 
long beenihe sticking yet 
another set of talks, the marathon 
Vienna, negotiations on con- 
ventional Mutual and Balance 
Force Reductions (MBFR) in 
Central Europe. Here the West has 
made a concession in not insisting 
first on determining the exact sire 
of Warsaw Pact forces in the area, 
but agreeing first to consider 
verification procedures.- The West 
is now bargaining overbow many, 
annual inspections would be 

permitted, and where, and some 
glacial progress has been made. 

Geneva is also the rite of 
discussions on ' two other vital 
areas of arms control: the banning 
of chemical weapons, and under- 
ground nuclear tests. On the laser, 
the Russians have been making 
the running, certainly in 
propaganda.Tbe US has found it 
hard to answer Gorbachov’s re- 
peated calls to join his current 
unilateral moratorium on under- 
ground tests, and indeed -officals 
here now adroit in private that the 
US is unwilling to accept this even 
if effective verification procedures 
could be established. 

The US argument in public is 
that at present the Russians may 
still be able to break a ban, as tftey 
did in the eariy 1960s. In private, 
officials say that as long as nuclear 
weapons are to remain a deterrent, 
new ones must be tested- 

A continued US hard line on 
this point will makeacomprehen- 
rive test ban treaty very hard to 
achieve. Indeed any, or all, of the 
arms negotiations could get stuck, 
and there would be some in the US 
administration who would not be 
sorry. However, both President 
Reagan and most of bis top 
advisers are commmed to getting 
agreements provided they can be 
verified and US national security 
is main rained. 

If it is hard to.jjset anything in 
time for a summit and smooth 
Gorbachov's way here. that, the 
top officials say, is too bad. On the 
other hand, almost no one wants 
the ups and downs of the Daniloff 
affair and other irritants to halt the 
Geneva negotiations now : that 
they seem to be making real 

The king and the glamorous Mrs X 


Norway is going through a literary 
and political scandal that could 
generate much heat, and perhaps 
shed a little light, well into the 
winter. It began at the end of 
August with a pre-publication leak 
of what was to become known 
immediately as “that book", al- 
though its actual title. Diary from 
the King's Council, was on the face 
of it most unlikely to. set any 
antennae quivering. Its ostensible 
subject matter seems even less the 
stun of sensation: the records kept 
by Jens Haugland. now aged 76, 
while justice minister from 1956 
to 1965. 

The scandal broke more than a 
week before publication dare 
Haugland's publisher. Det Norske 
Saralaget, insists that it was not by 
design, but because “someone in 
the government went to the long 
with the manuscript without tell- 
ing us”. Publication was brought 
forward immediately, and the 
book is now prominently dis- 
played in every bookshop. 

As is so often the case in literary 
sensations, the contents of the 
diaries that have provoked such 
uproar are a very small pari of the 
whole, almost throwaway asides 

in accounts of who said what to 
whom at this meeting or that, of 
interest primarily to students of 
Nordic history. 

The part that has caused the 
controversy, so sensitive that even 
a passing reference to it after 
almost 30 years can still shock 
Norwegian society to the core, 
concerns the relationship that 
King Olav. now aged 83, was 
alleged to have had with a raven- 
haired beauty of the day who 
owned one of Oslo's most fashion- 
able shops. Although her name is 
known to many Norwegians, she 
is referred to in the book, and in 
press reviews, only as "Mrs X". 

Both the king and “Mis X” — 
who is still alive — denied the story 
at the time, and discussion of it in 
the Norwegian press was very 
short-lived; but Haugjand suggests 
in his diaries that the affair was 
serious enough to warrant use of 
the word abdication in high-level 

The king was (and remains) a 
widower, his wife: the Swedish 
Crown Princess Martha, having 
died in 1954. Public reaction to 
the rumour saw much more about 
the attitude ofNorwegians to their 
royal family than about any issues 

- w — 

Otar: widower dogged by a 

30-year-old rumour 

of persona] morality or standards . 
of public behaviour. 

A second strain of scandal to 
emerge m the diaries is the alleged 
surveillance of- the wife of the 
Labour prime minister of the 
lime, the Rev Einar Gerhardsen, 
by the Norwegian equivalent of 
M15. for reasons that remain 
unclear. The surveillance, accord- 
ing to discussions recorded by the 
author, was ordered by the head of 
security. Ashjoem Btyhn. with al 

-• 4." • 

least the knowledge of the general 
secretary of the Labour Party, 
Haakon Lie. but- otherwise in- 
dependently of any normal gov- 
ernment channels. * 

Werna Gerhardsen was a lively 
and popular figure, and her hus- 
band was known to rely heavily on 
her shrewd political judgment. 
There seems to have been . no 
reason to question her loyalty 
beyond the fraternal contacts with 
Soviet and East European coun- 
tries to which any active young 
socialist in Europe during her 
girlhood would have been rou- 
tinely exposed. According to 
Haugland's notes, the surveillance 
was called off when Gerhardsen 
discovered iL 

* The scandafeed pubbe, egged 
oh by the popular press, is 
muttering to itself “There ought 
to be a law”. There is. Hie statutes 
impose a 40-year moratorium on 
the public disclosure of privileged 
government discussions, and 
there is even something very like a 
law of tese nuyeste on the books. 
The only trouble is that ho ouecan 
remember when either was last 
used, if ever. 

Anne Sofer 

Anew fountain 
of idealism ^ 

Fbr me the frig points of the SDP 

rui MIC UIV IU5W puiHW v. — - — ■ — 

conference at Harrogate last week 
were the debate bn tax and benefit 
reform and a truant visit to 

Fountains Abbey. . ^thefonndm"<S'>SsSD I>ai3 

j-sryese SSraavrst 

au u lid u# uv _ 

Harrogate, or tax reform? I am 
making no overblown compan? 
sons: I am Main 1 ?.™! gaminr 

rare — b-. — — 

Fountains isapparendy the most 
visited National Trust property; it 
has a huge car park and I can 
imagine that when it is full of 
oraches and the ruins swarming 
with people it .is a little more 
difficult to enjoy. A friend bad 
warned me that every time she 
went to Fountains it was raining. 
But this was a sparkling eariy 
September morning; rooks 
wheeled around, the grea t tow er 
and the mighty hand-hewn arches, 
cloisters and transept stood like a 
giant’s altar at the end of the grassy 

valley of the river SkdL It was a 
magical sight and there was 
hartfly anybody else ibere. 

The guidebook told me that the 
abbey was founded in 1132 tty 13 
Benedictine monks from York 
seeking a life of greater austerity. 
They parted building in what was 
a thorny wilderness, in the depths 
of winter, fll clothed and with little 
food. Subsequently theyjoined the 
Cistercians, then a spiritual force 
sweeping Europe; and embarked 
on four centuries of growth, 
prosperity, controversy, crisis and, 
finally, dissolution. 

During that time the foundation 

seems to have lost its way. On its 
dissolution the treasures felling 
into the king’s hands included rich 

vestments, silver chalices, jewel 
encrusted cnxriers and extensive 
estates. At the beginning the 
Cistercian order had deliberately 
sought out waste and marginal 
-foods which were formed with the 
labour of unpaid lay brothers. 
They contributed to the strides in 
forming techniques made during 
the 12 m century and established 
Yorkshire as a centre of the wool 
and doth trade. As with New 
England's puritans or Israel's 
-kibbutzniks, an idealistic det- 
ermination to set up a society 
purged of the debilitating wraith 
and luxury of the old produced in 
the end an astonishing prosperity. 

Even in the early years they 
seemed to have spent a lot tune 
and energy on factions and 
politicking, tows, splits and 
confrontation- In what seems a 
brutally unchristian spirit they 
dispossessed neighbouring villag- 
ers who got in the way of thdr new 
forming projects. They quarrelled 
with the king and with the 
archbishop, and St Bernard him- 
self had 10 keep coming over to 
patch up a diplomatic trpee. lr 
.does not sound like the haven of 
gnritual peace, ^faich it appears 
'today: And, is the \guidc.. Book 
points out; the very spaces and 
proportions that are so striking 
now would never have been seen 
by inmates or visitors then: it was 
all subdivided and cluttered with 
outbuildings. Yet the simple gran- 
deur Of what' has survived gives 
the lie to all the pettiness of the 
record. No one who sees it can 
doubt that a grand idea, a mighty 
creative spirit, was at work. . 


are all too often forgotten); nor- 

would I dream of prophesying that 

the architecture of our tax ana. 
benefit proposals will survive to 
be gaped at in wonder by future 
generations (though ! believe they 
wffl get closer to it than many ! 
other trivial suggestions). - ' ; 

What makes me dare to c onnect 

the two totally disparate expen- . 
ences of standing on the turf of the 
open-roofed choir at Fountains 
Abbey and sitting in (he soulless 
air-conditioned modern comfort 
of the Harrogate Conference Cen- 
tre is a simple realization: that a 
powerful idea can outlast all the 

people and circumstances mat. 
gave it birth, and all the dutterof 
its ramifications. . . , _ . 

The founding principle of the. " 
SDP is rbai printed on our 
membership cards: we ’ exist to 
create an “open, classless and 

more equal society". Vague waffle* -. 
sneered the world. What! You - 
with your Volvos and claret? 
Come off it! ' . 

Oyer the summer, as the press 
carried stories of embarrassment, 
back-tracking and damage limits- ■ 
lion over, our tax ana benefit 
proposals, ordinary members of : 
the party who bad n o ot her - 
information wondered if perhaps . 
it was all true. Maybe the Alliance 
was destined to be a mere middle- 
of-the-road, protest vote after alL 

What made the debate at Harro- 
gate such mi emotional event for 
many was not merely the ex- - 
ceflence and conviction of the / 
speakers - though, that was by.-, 
universal opinion impressive — - •• 
but the sense of relief that came ... 
with the realization that there was * 
no question of back-tracking, that " 
vir tuall y nobody wanted it, that 
we had meant what we said from • 
the very start. 

Press comment has con- .. 
centrated on the redistributive 
effects of the proposals — and 
exaggerated them. Few have men- 
tioned the transformation in 
terms of order, sense, feirness and 
simplicity they would bring about. . ' 

I sometimes wonder how many 
people's own mental stability is 
affected by the Kafica-esquesensa-: ' 
non that the world has gone mad: * v 
when they find that going back to - 
work will lower the family income, 
or when it appears that the only 
way to feed, clothe and house their. 
families is to trail from one - 
boat’s -office, to another.,' - 
[ out forms they don’t under- 7. 
and receiving conflicting . " 
advice. ' 

Is the restoration of sanity a .. 
moderate, or a radical propo- 
sition? The fact that the question . : 
can be asked shows the mess-;-- 
society is in, and its need for new 

national committee. ■ 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Relatively, he’s 
just a 

•• People Who Do Very 
. Unusual Jobs Indeed. 

No 29: A comedienne who 
. '.tells son-in-law Jokes 
Betty Blanco is her name. She’s 55, 
looks a bit like Les Dawson and 
does.-intennihable jokes hbout her 
son-in-law. After all the mother- 
in-law jokes in they world, she 
thinks it’s about time someone got 
at all the lazy, good-for-nothing 
louts who many your daughters, 
the stand 

So she astsvp on the stand at dubs 
and pubs and lays into the young 
British male. What’s be like, tfiis 
son-in-law of bers? ■ 

.. . “He's a bom moaner. - He 
eraytiuag on Mis Thaz- 
He’s pigrigBorant — iir feet, 
he’s so namjw-uunded L. don't 
know what beeps his jeacslapart. 
the . fecr that be stayed home 

tirae&s wHuIfc pfejed^hnsBit so 
often that’ when be left school at 
sixteen he didn't know" which 
school to leave. I'm. not saying he’s 
fflheraie exactly, but he finds page 
3 of the Sun very heavy going." 

Budding up- a routine about a 
son-in-law has bean hard, she says, 
because nobody baft ever done it 
before. Making finr of foe bossy 
old dragon of a mother-in-law. was 
an established: industry; malting 
fan of youth is harder,: especially: 
as you have to bring sex into it, 
and foen make mickDe-agCdjokes 
about it ’ 4 .. 

- “He’s pigjgnotant aboursex as 
welL He thinks tliaL Johnson's 
Baby Powder is a kradof. contra? 
ceptive. Tasked him one day if he 
knew anything about ' miscarri- 
ages. He said. Yes. it's .a British 
Rail beauty contest, isn’t it? 
Actually. I think that -if he were 
given the choice between sex and 
violence, he’d probably choose 
violence. He stayed home the 

us. When he landed on^Lrarpooi 
Street Station, he . kicked -it to 

So how did he come. to. nttoriy 
Betty Blanco's daughter? 

Tm noi saying, that my son-in- 
law .is. unambitious; aflJ’jBsayjng . 
is that on the day of'ihe .Redding 
myTracey only had toj^onqdsin 
the world and he wassjjmmarcy- . 
mg her for forijnoney-ifelKktHie 

rsay. Mrs-BlanoxT- 

want to marry your daughter. T ffc 
said, What prospects have you ... 

' got? He said. That depends — how ; 
much can you lend me? .. I 

“His idea of giving Tracey a. iji 
special treat is taking her down to - 
the Dog and Duck and letting her. ■ 
buy him a round. When they got" 7-- 
• married, he said he was taking her ““ 
to a surprise destination for their — 
honeymoon. She was surprised all- - 
right;' it was the Dog and Duck. - 
They keep, a special seat for him .. ’. 
there; you can always find him - ^ 

And what does this jewel of a boy.' 2: 
do for aliring? 

■ “Work? Don't make me laugh! 

'■ He thinks that drawing dole 
moneyfea^ftdl-time occupation ri 
ask him to fill in his place of work 

- gives the address of his 
DrtSS trace. The only job of any; — V 
kind he’s ever had was strafing 
cars, and he was so badat it that he — 
had to walk home from work. He - ^ 
brought me a wing mirror 
oneday. I said, What do we wanta: - - 
Wing mirror for? He said: I'm r- 

■ stealing, a car bit by bit, on the v 

“ ft wasn't true, though — the 
. fectwashewassuchabadcartlnef 

he couldn't get inside the care;: , 
There was a time last year we had ' - 

fifty, wing mirrors and two hun- 

- died wipers in the front room. In . 

act, he was so bad at getting info' 

; cars that he used to wait until the 
owner arrived with the key, then-- 
try to jump m before him. What'. T 
an kuol Don’t get me wrong: . .. rr. 

n °t saying he’s Jg ^ ? 
vfllaiiL. All Fm saying is that when— — 

. you talk about being on the wrong . 
side of the law, he thinks you' "1. 
mran being a policeman. .■ • 

I don't say he’s work-shy. 

wuibtSrs - 

wept straight from school to -- 
retirement without the customary • : :: 
fS 1 ? Ifbe was offered! ” 
real job, I think he'd apply for ~ 
political asylum. I donY^ know 1 - ~ 

. othcr force million • 7~A 
»fo«nptoyed are like,, but if my - ® 
soninTaw were in regular erati ' 

- IS*!??!: he - d tove ftis country - 

on its knees in no time.” - r„ 

Seriously, does she really have #. ; 

son-in-law tike thi^ . 

- Honestly. 1 do have -a son-iif- >- 5 
law and he’s a lovely lad. TliwV ' 1 ’ 


me. actually. Absolutely nothir^.’*- 

I : 

l*Ki' \ 



V • l|, i 

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k'Nir i '«. 






1 Penningto n Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



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■ r rT h 

Seeking a way to combat terrorism 

From the Director of the Council and supervised by the Inu 
‘for Education in World Citizen- national Red Cross. 

Cction of SHfe'iafS ^ SteeI “ 

Social Democrats hold their 
conference first, it is a state- 
ment of the political substance 
of the two Alliance leaders. Dr 
Owen, casts shadows. Mr Steel 
fights from them. 

The SDP leader’s public 
domination in debate is infuri- 
ating to those in the Liberal 
rank: and file, who have often 
waited to reassert their own 

separate identity and wifi at- 
tempt to do so again this week. 
It leads to difficulties for Mr 

f teeL who has to spend much 
f hfs conference time paper- 
ing pver Alliance cracks. 

Iddso needs careful consid- 
eration from those who wifi be 
tuning in to the Eastbourne 
media circus. For although the 
influence of Dr Owen is likely 
to outweigh by fertile numeri- 
cal . , representation of his 
supporters in any post-election 
grouping of the Alliance, it 
may mot outweigh it by fer 
enough. The man in the shad- 
ows i&the man who needs to be 

When the SDP was founded 
five' years ago, the Liberal 
party-Tbegan a consequent pro- 
cessnpf change, which many of 

bated with which Mr Steel is 
not happy. 

The motion on defence, so 
long an issue of conflict be- 
tween the two parties, is one 
for which Dr Owen could 
hazily vote. It welcomes the 
Alliance Joint Commission, 
calls for a stronger European 
pillar within Nato and does 
not rule out replacing Polaris. 
Not only is this set to pass, but 
Steel's associates ate saying 
'confidently that any amend- 
ments which oppose the 
replacement of Polaris will be 
voted down. 

This represents a major shift 
in the message of a Liberal 
party, which only two years 
ago voted for the “immediate 
withdrawal of cruise missiles 
from the UK” and clearly 
rejected submarine-launched 
cruise missiles (Dr Owen’s 
favourite means for im- 
plementing a minimum Euro- 
pean nuclear deterrent). 

What are the reasons? The 
first is that local power has 
undoubtedly led to realism. 
The Association .of Liberal 
Councillors, once the van- 
guard of the radical wing, has 
now become more conser- 
vative. Gone are those golden 

its supporters did not want and ' days of making up weird and 

winmr - rlirl Af ? 

many more did not think wonderful policies on just Alliance is, in Ms own t 
could- come about. It now about everything. When they going through a period oJ 
appears that a veritable brans- consider a ban on the sale of evolution. He should n< 
formation has taken place, that goldfish in plastic 'bags, they get that in evolutionary 
unilateralism has given way to consider the risk of losing the gles the survival of the 
multilateralism, that pave- balance of power along with has for long periods mea 
ment politics has given way to the fairground vote. Now that survival of the largest ai 
power politics, that “growth” they hold some form of power hungriest for power. N 
has become as important as on 46 councils, voters are should the electorate. 


little-reported speech at of optimistic ministerial leaks, the first half year were 
leginning of last week’s But optimism is not a policy than £60 million, 
conference the party’s by itsdt A privatized Austin Ford has survived 
; and Industry spokes- Rover looks increasingly to be than most but is anxious 
Mr Ian Wrigglesworth, no more than a pipe dream. If its UK prospects, panic 
ssed himself to the future the balance of probability is in the light of the threat 
e UK car industry. This that noone will ever want to fleet markets from Ni 
t to be fertile territory for buy the company in anything expanding plant in the i 
Jf-styled “thinking” wing like its present form, can it be east Will Ford again coi 
e Alliance. The Govern- • right for the company and the taking Austin Rover? Is 
has spectaculariy faded Government to continue on one trying to persuade it 
□vide an answer, to the their : current./ ill-defined 1 , so? The future of Vauxha 
ems of the stated wned course? hardly be assured wife 

r Group, unless we are to gloomy background to . confidence, after Ge 

isfied with its new name, tike Rover problem is by now Motors rapid_ closure 1 
*bour Party can be rehed weU known. It may be recalled, large commercial vehicle 
for nothing more than for esamptei that in 1975 the “8 (as threatei 

x generosity with the tax- Downing Street Think Tank the time of the Land J 
s’ money. So what did / not ^ organization known . 

’rigglesworth have to say? f Qr its rose-tinted spectacles) Any senous poUucian 
genuflected to the friends produced a “worst case” see- 566 “J e possmmty ol 
lr Neil Kinnoclc “an nario for UK car production in -gj™* 
nee Government would 1985 of just under one and a 1 

How the collapse of such a half million vehicles. The ao- 
part of our manufac- tual figure for 1985 was barely 

l base”. He bowed to Mr one million vehicles. Imports, S?? 

an Fowlers phalanx of which in 1975.accoupted for 
ened Midlands MPs 28 per cent of domestic do- ** i °f t# ?i n ?? Dpan/s 
e “justified outcry” mand, today regularly take ^ ^ 

i the repudiation of Aus- between 55 and 60 per cent In J^re^tte sign 

over’s merger with Ford. 1975 Japanese cars were a joke 
fen had something for the and Korean care, would have 
t headed Right to whom been an even bigger joke if ™ ££ 

fered praise for Japanese anyone Irad ev* seen one. 

mey standards. It was a tough decade for all ^ virtually no car ind 

1 what would be Ms the Western European car Tire strategy of rationalis 
aerial answer to a com- making nations. But Britain leading to privatization ’ 
that is brushing per- found it toughest In west 0 nly when there is a pla 
y close to that Great Germany, France and Italy possibility of the latter < 
ih ditch where rusting there is now at least one native jjjjg within a reasc 
r cycles lie? “To continue company which ran compete ^mescale. 
the existing long-term in the mass market car busi- if there is no such po 
gy for the Rover Group” ness on a global aale. Lae it „ then the best mai 

Lhe application of “excit- question for the UK Govwn- proper goals and the 

options — such as em- ment (any UK government) ts solace in “rescue” 1 

e buy-outs at Land how much does it want to stay Kinnocki Meanwhile a 
»r where they are in this club. At all costs, very hgan of the business the 
Ipriate". much? Not very much? Sale” sign has serious da 

Paul Channon, the Earlier this year the Govern- not least for the com] 
■mment’s ineffective In- ment tried the solution of biggest off-balance sheet 
v Secretary feces no handing over Austin Rover to the loyalty of its deale 
£al threats’ from this Ford. TMs would, *t least, work. _ 
er But the real-life indus- have cement^ Ford s interest There is much (1 
threats remain. They are in Britain. Bui the initiative realistic) talk within the 
reinforced as every collapsed in the same pany about lower lev. 
h un« hv chauvinistic mire as stifled the market share and 

n goes y* . Genual Motors deal with (mostly unrealistic) talk 

e eventual pnvatizanon - ^ Vehicles. So the ques- higher levels of profits 

ustin Rover is suij me remain _ will Rover be How long are dealers t< 

mment s fond amomo . ^ the feg-end of a for tMs new phase of tl 

uzauon has b«n Government policy that is wars without any idea 

rful weapon over tnepasj e j t h er inappropriate or the retreat is intended to 

1 years. For successnu u fied? ShouJ d tax-payers be s 

ti-hungry grants like Bnt- Change is tient while Tory pohi 

Telecom or Tbtjn *** w policies they 

rtime failures like Bnhsn qw d0 wn to foiled to carry out, L 

ivs or Jaguar, it is the best mark _ ^ cent politicians grasp for the 

ble answer. The prom we its £td Affiance pofltictaiis 

ivanzauon for the^ “tom dealings with the vague promises aiounc 

2. *2. town bar,? 

intra- Alliance politics. Be- 
cause Dr Owen so forcefully 
opposed the Joint Commis- 
sion as a fudge. Liberals rallied: 
round a document which they 
might have rejected if it had 
had Owen's original support. 
Not for the first time Steel is 
privately pleased that Owen 
made his outburst It improves 
the prospects' of Alliance 

But if it took an Owenite 
thunderstorm to dear the air, 
Olympian thunderbolts may 
be necessary to keep it so. Mr 
Michael Meadowcroft and 
other parliamentary colleagues 
will still be opposing the report 
this week. According to Mr 
Meadowcroft it is “weapons- 
led” rather than “values-led” 
and goes against the spirit of 
the Alliance by imposing its 
findings on the two parties 
from the top. Until Owen’s 
outburst this group might have 
been expected to carry a 
significant part of the party. 
Such support, however, is not 
demolished by one SDP strike. 

. When the SDP leader stands 
up tMs afternoon to address 
the Liberal conference, he can 
be forgiven for feeling satisfac- 
tion at his part in separating 
his Alliance partners from the 
more embarrassing associ- 
ations of their past But that 
Alliance is, in Ms own words, 
going through a period of rapid 
evolution. He should not for- 
get that in evolutionary strug- 
gles the survival of the fittest 
has for long periods meant the 
survival of die largest and the 
hungriest for power. Neither 
should the electorate. 

In a- little-reported speech at 
the beginning of last week's 
SDP: conference the party’s 
Trade and Industry spokes- 
man'; Mr Ian Wrigglesworth, 
addressed himself to the future 
of the UK car industry. This 
ought to be fertile tenitory for 
the self-styled “thinking” wing 
of the Alliance. The Govern- 
ment' has spectaculariy faded 
to provide an answer, to. the 
problems of the stated wned 
Rover Group, unless we are to 
be satisfied with its new name. 
The Labour Party can be relied 
upon for nothing more than 
greater generosity with the tax- 
payers’ money. So what did 
Mr Wrigglesworth have to say? 

He~ genuflected to the friends 
of Mr Neil Kinnoclc “an 
Alliance Government would 
not allow the collapse of such a 
vital part of our manufac- 
turing base” Hp bowed to Mr 
Norman Fowler’s phalanx of 
frightened Midlands MPs 
whose “justified outcry” 
forced the repudiation of Aus- 
tin Rover’s merger with Ford. 
He even had something for the 
harder beaded Right to whom 
^ae offered praise for Japanese 
efficiency standards. 

But what would be Ms 
ministerial answer to a com- 
pany that is brushing per- 
ilously close to that Great 
British ditch where rusting 
motor cycles lie? “To continue 
with the existing long-term 
strategy for the Rover Group” 
plus the application of “excit- 
ing options — such as em- 
plovee buy-outs at Land 
Rover, where they are 

Mr Paul Channon, the 
Government’s ineffective In- 
dustry Secretary, feces no 
political threats from this 
quarter. But the real-life indus- 
trial threats remain. They are 
being reinforced as every 
month goes by. 

The eventual privatization 
of .Austin Rover is still the 
Government's fond ambition. 
Privatization has been a 
powerful weapon over the past 
seven years. For successfoi 
capital-hungry giants hke Brit- 
ish Telecom or saWageable 
some-time failures like British 
Airwavs or Jaguar, it is the best 
. possible answer. Die promrae 
v of privatization for 
makers still appears o«a- 

sionally in the press as a result 

Centenary tapestry 

From' Mr K. M- Reader 
Sir The Baifle and. District 
Historical Society exhibited in 
BattltAbbey as ^ their conmbution 
10 ihe recent Domesday anniver- 
sarv -celebrations a 
facsimile of the Bayeux TapMl^ 
completed bv the ladies of the 
AcT School or Embroidery m 
\SS6. . _ 

This attracted much ‘ nU ***J 
and favourable comment, n 
only as a splendid reprod^« on ° f 
.m important Piccc of evidence 
about “1066 and A» That but 
also as a superb example Ol 
Victorian needlework. 

What a pity, then, that it cannot 
be placed on permanent display in 
wmc similarly appropriate sn- 
tinc. * 

the first half year were more 
than £60 million. 

Ford has survived better 
than most but is anxious about 
its UK prospects, particularly 
in the light of the threat to its 
fleet markets from Nissan's 
expanding plant in the north- 
east Will Ford again consider 
taking Austin Rover? Is any- 
one trying to persuade it to do 
so? The future of Vauxhall can 
hardly be assured with any 
confidence, after General 
Motors’- rapid closure of its 
large commercial vehicle mak- 
ing capacity (as threatened at 
the time of the Land Rover 

Any serious politician must 
see the possibiliiy of the 
current big names of the 
British motor industry being 
reduced to Jaguar, Rolls Royce 
and a few three-wheelers. Per- 
haps Nissan will expand fur- 
ther to fill the gap but we know 
little of the company’s long- 
term intentions. 

There is little sign from the 
Government whether it would 
mind its policy vacuum on the 
subject of the car industry 
being translated into an indus- 
trial vacuum in which there 
was virtually no car industiy. 
The strategy of rationalization 
leading to privatization works 
only when there is a plausible 
possibility of the latter occur- 
ring within a reasonable 

If there is no such possibil- 
ity, then the best managers 
lack proper goals and the worst 
seek solace in “rescue” by Mr 
KinnocL Meanwhile at the 
heart of the business the “For 
Sale” sign has serious dangers, 
not least for the company’s 
biggest off-balance sheet asset, 
the loyalty of its dealer net- 

There is much (mostly 
realistic) talk within the com- 
pany about lower levels of 
market share and some 
(mostly unrealistic) talk about 
higher levels of profitability. 
How long are dealers to wait 
for tMs new phase of the car 
wars without any idea where 
the retreat is intended to stop? 
Should tax-payers be so pa- 
tient while Tory politicians 
stick to policies they have 
foiled to carry out, Labour 
politicians grasp for the past, 
and Alliance politicians spray 
vague promises around spa- 
town bars? 

Reading Museum and Art Gal- 
lery, to whom the tapestry was 
generously donated by a former 
mayor of that town, can, I am told, 
show only one of the 26 panels at a 
time, and so it is. possible to 
appreciate the work m its entirety 
only when it is on loan elsewhere. 

as it was to us here m Battle. • 



Caldbee Hi!. 

Battle. East Sussex. 

September 7. 

Buying British 

F.YWM Mr R. F. A’. Hoare 


Rover without recourse 10 any 
“highly effective research unit” 
and that is simply the same 
efficiency and reliability as that on 
offer from the Japanese factories. 

Furthermore, I have no 
objection to them making an 
honest profit from _ a satisfied 
customer until such time as those 
left in the British car industry can 
offer the same standard or better. 

I ride a British Velocette motor- 
cycle for amusement, but would 
need to consider Japanese ma- 
chines if ever I were to return to 
Uiat mode of transport as the sole 

Yours faiihfiiljy. 


Gree nacre. 

Duck Street, 

El ham. 

Canterbury. Kent. 


Sir. In your leader (September 8) 
“They must not succeed”, follow- 
ing the Latest example of inter- 
national terrorism, you rightly 
warn against governments losing 
their way “in an orgy of recrimina- 
tion and dissent”. You also accept 
that most (I would say all ) 
countries “need each other in the 
campaign against terrorism” and 
that “there should be much greater 
co-operation between them”. 

Yet you make no reference to 
the United Nations - which is 
surely the only body empowered 
to implement such co-operation. 
Admittedly the UN has frequently 
become moribund as a result of 
disagreement between the major 

But last December, the General 
Assembly unanimously and un- 
equivocally condemned “all acts, 
methods and practices of terror- 
ism whenever and by whomever 
committed"; and a few days later, 
the Security Council (also unani- 
mously and unequivocally) con- 
demned all acts of hostage taking. 

So much for the wife What of 
the way? We already have the 
force of international law. 
Conventions exist to cover most 
exigencies and another is being 
drawn up by the International 
Maritime Organisation in London 
to cover terrorism aboard or 
against ships. 

All that remains is to ensure that 
they can be implemented. The UN 
Secretary-General should now be 
empowered to create: 

1. A conciliation unit (this has not 
hitherto been the UN's greatest 
strength and assistance might be 
obtained from the non-gov- 
ernmental International Peace 

2. A task force, independent of the 
SAS and its counterparts but with 
as much expertise. 

3. A special court — under the 
aegis of the International Court of 

4. A detention centre and prison 
on an island or in a remote area, 
manned by a UN security force 

Respiratory care 

From Dr Stephen G. Spiro 
Sir, Many would agree with Stuart 
Haywood and John Yates 
(“London's unh ealthy appetite”, 
September 5) that there is a 
shallowness of debate within the 
NHS on health issues, but to claim 
that Bloomsbury Health Author- 
ity has five times more chest 
medicine than other English re- 
gions -is a * gross distortion of 
staffing levels in general — al- 
though there still remain -some - 
regions with deplorable levels of 
respiratory care. 

Respiratory medicine is cur- 
rently under great threat, with 
policies of non-replacement of 
retiring consultant staff This has 
caused a desperate log jam at 
senior registrar, lecturer and reg- 
istrar level within the specially. 
Many retiring chest physicians 

wife ifthe post is not frozen, be re- 
placed by specialists of other 
interests and more and more 
regions will provide inadequate 

Church in crisis 

From the Provost of Wakefield 
Sir, My attention has been drawn 
to the extract that you published 
on September 10 from Gavin 
Stamp's contribution to the book 
Church in Crisis. He quotes, with 
some disapproval, the fact that in 
the Diocese of Wakefield 12 out of 
25 redundant churches have been 
pulled down since 1968. It would 
have been more appropriate if Mr 
Stamp bad mentioned the remark- 
able fact that as many as 13 out of 
25 churches have been found 
alternative uses. 

it is incredibly difficult to find 
appropriate alternative uses for 
churches in an area that is 
suffering severe economic de- 
pression, and where it is difficult 
to justify the enormous cost of 
conversion to secular use of these 
inappropriate and largely Vic- 
torian buildings. 

The history of the Church in 
this pan of the world is one of 
great expansion during the nine- 
teenth century, coinciding with 
the boom years of the woollen 
trade. Mill owners of all religious 
persuasions, and none, built 
churches and chapels for their 

Poor spelling 

From Mrs Joanna Teuton Brown 
Sir, As the daughter-in-law, wife 
and mother of appalling spellers 
(Oxford, Cambridge and Oxford 
University respectively) 1 would 
disagree with Philip Howard 
(September 13) that bad spelling 
shows sloppiness. 

None of them are sloppy. It is 
useless to say “Use a dictionary". 
They are completely unaware of 
the feet that they are not spelling 
tiie word correctly. 

Yours sincerely, 


The Old Vicarage. 


Nr Stockbridge, Hampshire. 

Fruitless question 

From Mr John Lee 
Sir, On the subject ofhoDy bushes. 
How does one sex them? I have a 
number of holly bushes, none of 
which bears berries. 

I have been told that one 
requires both male and female 
plants for pollination. 

The question that arises there- 
fore is this. Do 1 have all male 
holly bushes or all barren females? 
Do I introduce a female or a male 
to get things going? 



Siembridge. •<»• 

Cowbridge. South Glamorgan. 

and supervised by the Inter- 
national Red Cross. 

This last is essential if we are to 
prevent new terrorists blackmail- 
ing governments for the release of 

Now that the "nations of the 
world are ail committed to combat 
terrorism, they should give the 
UN whatever additional resources 
are necessary 10 enable it to defeai 
this particularly barbaric form of 
seeking to achieve a political 
objective, however justified that 
objective may be. 

Yours faithfully, 

Council for Education in World 

Seymour Mews House, 

Seymour Mews, Wl, 

From the Chairman of the In- 
stitute for the Study of Terrorism 
Sir. -Mr Jonathan Beds (Septem- 
ber 18) is right to underline the 
. need for more and better research 
into international terrorism. 

However, the United Kingdom- 
based foundation which he pro- 
poses already exists. We have been 
functioning with a suitably low 
profile since June; the director of 
the institute, Jillian Becker, and 
our small staff have already begun 
to assemble valuable information 
on the organization, methods and 
personalities involved in inter- 
national terrorism. 

The independent financing and 
effective operation of such an 
organisation depends to a consid- 
erable extent on Government 
recognition and co-operation. In 
the United States and Israel, there 
are extensive exchanges between 
government agencies and in- 
dependent organisations. 

Some governments, however, 
(including our own) are reluctant, 
for security and other reasons, to 
collaborate with groups outside 
the official establishment. Yet, 
until total national and inter- 
national resources are brought to 
bear on the problem of inter- 
national terrorism, the threat is 
likely to persist and to increase. 
Yours sincerely, 

CHALPONT, Chairman, 

Institute for the Study ofTerrorism, 

65 Blandfoid Street, Wl. 

•espiratory care. 

The last four NHS chest special- 
ists who retired in Bloomsbury 
Health Authority were not re- 
placed. ThC total of NHS chest 
sessions in Bloomsbury (two large 
teaching hospital complexes) is 
ten — less than one full-time post. 
These are supplemented by two 
academic posts with research and 
teaching responsibilities. Of 
course the waiting lists are grow- 
ing and service deteriorating. . 

Whatever die deprivations else- 
where, this is na'way to run a 
■service; it just increases frustra- 
tion and inefficiency. It may be 
that some specialties are relatively 
overstaffed and should be re- 
duced; but freezing posts in ran- 
dom order of retirements is not a 
plan, just a recipe for chaos. 

Yours faithfully, 

(Consultant Chest Physician, 
Bloomsbury Health Authority), 

66 Grange Gardens, 

P inner. Middlesex. 

work forces that were more a 
monument to the status of the mill 
owner than a recognition of the 
need of the population, even in 
those days. 

Today, many of these churches 
and chapels stand as gaunt 
reminders of a past prosperity, 
rather than as living witnesses to 
the presence and glory of God. All 
denominations are raced with die 
same problem. It is remarkable 
that so many have been preserved. 
It is also remarkable that so many 
parishes continue to provide a 
Christian presence, even in those 
areas of this diocese where there - 
are very few non-Muslims to be 
found living in the parish. 

It would be helpful if authors 
like Mr Stamp were to resist the 
temptation to make sweeping 
judgements without visiting each 
individual parish concerned. The 
pastoral problems are always dif- 
ferent, and always require a 
different solution. 

( remain. Sir, yours faithfully, 


Provost of Wakefield. 

The Cathedral Vicar ag e. 

Margaret Street, 

Wakefield, West Yorkshire. 

Prince’s robes 

From Dr Bent Juel-Jensen 
Sir, Mr P. G Thompson (Septem- 
ber 17) cannot be familiar with 
custom at Harvard, or at Oxford. 
At Commencement at Harvard I 
was invited to wear my Oxford 
robes, and at Oxford graduates 
from other universities who hold 
no Oxford degree are invited to 
wear the academic dress of their 
university at formal functions 

Yours faithfully, 

(Dean of Degrees. 

St Cross College, Oxford), 

Radctiffe Infirmary,- 

Legal cards on table 

From Mr J. B. Hodge 

Sir, The Lord Chancellor has 
suggested (report September 11) 
that in civil litigation lawyers 
should put their cards on the table. 
Of course this is not a new 
suggestion. It has been talked 
about and thought about as long as 
I have been in practice. No one, 
however, has been able to explain 
to me how you ensure that your 
opponent puts his rotten cards on 
the table and not just his aces. 

The Lord Chancellor also said 
that the profession had ‘‘too many 
sacred cows". Is the practice* 
whereby only members of the Bar 

Qarifying role of 
science schools 

From Dr David Brancher 
Sir, Your report of September 15 
(“Baker to set up science schools") 
refers to the £43 million which the 
Government has allocated for 
more engineering places in univer- 
sities and polytechnics. 

It does not mention the situa- 
tion this summer, shown by a 
survey in The Sunday Times, 
where 23 polytechnics out of 30 
had vacancies in electronic en- 
gineering and (a different) 23 had 
empty places in mechanical en- 
gineering. The choke-point is the 
weakness in our secondary 

This crisis in teaching is com- 
pounded by the confused nomen- 
clature which reflecis a national 
indifference and ignorance. Your 
headline says science. Below it you 
refer to industry's need for sci- 
entists and technologists. 

Some scientists are needed, of 
course, but the central profession 
cannot be named because the term 
engineer has been debased by the 
media to the point where it has 
little meaning to either pupils or 

Someone said to me recently: 
“My elder boy’s very good indeed 
at maths and physics and keeps on 
about becoming an engineer. But 
rd rather he went to university". 
The speaker was a head teacher. 

The confusion about engineer- 
ing and science matters in a way 
which is central to the purpose of 
the proposed schools. Only in 
Britain is it believed that engineer- 
ing is (at best) an offshoot of 

In Germany there is 
Wissenschafi — knowledge, from 
history to chemistry, “arts” sub- 
jects to science. And there is 
Technik — how to create, in a 
world of constraints. 

If the Department of Education 
and Science had any understand- 
ing of the issue it would set up any 
new schools around the second of 
these. Maths and physics (and 
language) would be taught well in 
them, &it as qxeans, not ends. The 
kno wledge-for-know 1 edge people 
would stay where they are. 

The new schools should be for 
the visualizers, the artists, the 
inventors, the creators; the fid- 
dlers, shapers, sketchers and mak- 
ers; those whose fingers, pencils, 
symbols, diagrams and keyboards 
do the thinking with the brain. 

They should be for those whose 
talents are foreign to the word- 
knowledge culture of traditional 
schooling, which has erased the 
industry and wealth of this coun- 
try for a century and more. 

Yours etc, 


-.The Orchard, 



September 16. 

Literature centre 

From the Chairman and the 
General Secretary of ike Poetry 

Sir, The article by your new 
publishing correspondent X. Li- 
bris (“Left on the shelf", Septem- 
ber 8), provides a timely reminder 
of the need fora Literature Centre. 

All the different and necessary 
elements of such a centre already 
exist The Poetry Society has 
served for many years as a 
national poetry centre; the Na- 
tional Book League takes good 
care of fiction and other areas of 
the book trade; the Arts Council 
has its own excellent poetry 

There is a new poetry distribu- 
tion service and various bodies are 
coming together to organise a 
major national poetry festival next 

Many organisations, including 
our own, would be happy to join 
in the planning process if the 
South Bank Board announced a 
dear intention of establishing a 
Literature Centre and outlined 
what it had in mind. 

Yours faithfully, 

and General Secretary, 

The Poetry Society. 

21 Earls Court Square, SW5. 

fixed penalties 

From Mr Dick Scales 
Sir, As a present-day London 
cabby 1 assure you that fixed 
penalties for drivers (report, 
September 10) are not new. 

Some 58 years ago I was 
summoned for driving a taxi in 
Coventry Street Wl, below the 
minimum speed for taxis of 10 


Outride Bow Street court my 
solicitor said to me “You can goin, 
plead guilty, be fined five shillings 
and be out in five minutes or plead 
not guilty, be here all day and be 
fined £U0s." I pleaded guilty. 
Yours faithfully, 


55 Harewood Road, 



September 17. ~ 

may become High Court judges 
one of those “sacred cows?" 

U is said that the aim of court 
procedure must be to encourage 
civil claims to be settled. The 
Pearson Royal Commission es- 
timated that about 8S per cent of 
ton claims were settled without 
any court proceedings, and if I 
read the figures in the Civil Justice 
Review on personal injuries litiga- 
tion correctly, only about 1 per 
cent of all personal injury claims 
went to trial. That seems to me 
quite a good record. 

Yours faithfully, 


Columbia House. 

69 Aldwych. WC2. 


Lord Northdiffe, himself a golf 
enthusiast, sent Bernard Darwin 
- to cover this US Open Golf 
Championship. An American won, 
bringing to an end the dominance 
of the same by die British, Vardan 

ivas the outstanding player in all 

the games and nay was the 
reigning open champion. Ouimet 
urns an amateur of 30. Darwin 
wrote of the American papers the 
day after: “They poured out 
tempestuous columns and all 
America sang with his victory ”. 



(From Our Special 

Country Chib, Brookline, Sept. 20. 

Mr Francis Ouimet at Brookline 
to-day heat Vardon by five strokes 
and Ray by six. He went round on a 
wet. muddy day. before a huge, 
excited crowd, in 72 by absolutely 
wonderful golf. It was by far the 
most enthralling game of golf that I 
have ever seen, nor is it, I think, 
any exaggeration to say that Mr 
Ouimet gave an exhibition of skill, 
nerve and courage that, consider- 
ing the circumstances, has ever 
been equalled. 

Mr Ouimet 's golf yesterday was 
astonishing. I should have said 
that nothing could be finer than 
the way in which, on the day before 
he finished in better than perfect 
figures, knowing exactly what he 
had to do.: but really, 1 think, to- 
day's achievement was finer still. 
He had had a night to sleep on the 
situation in which he suddenly 
found himself. He had to ploy 
against Vardon and Ray actually in 
the flesh, not merely against their 
scores on paper. He had to see their 
shots and follow them. He was one 
David against two Goliaths, and, 
moreover. H was not that Ray or 
Vardon played badly. At the very 
end they broke down, but for a long 
time they were playing the sound, 
powerful, accurate golf that one 
knows so well. All that time Mr 
Ouimet was absolutely bolding his 
own, returning blow for blow, never 
looking for one moment as if he 
would break down. Then slowly but 
surely he wore his men down, and 
finally he battered and trampled on 
them. He drove shot for shot with 
them. He was the more accurate 
with his irons. He was unquestion- 
ably on the day the best putter of 
the three. If I could find stronger 
language I could certainly use it 

-.The ground was extraordinarily 
good considering the tiiree days’ 
rain, but still it was soft, greasy and 
muddy. Nothing, however, could 
damp the enthusiasm of the spec- 
tators, who came pouring out of 
Boston long before 10 o'clock. 
Brookline, with its rolling hills, 
valleys and jutting promontories of 
rock, made a most dramatic setting 
for the great match, ridge after 
ridge being capped with a black 
crowd of onlookers. The red flags 
bowed tumultuously up and down 
the hills. Tenors, basses, and 
baritones shouted themselves 
hoarse through megaphones. Rope 
men worked like tigers. To hear the 
crowd thundering behind gave a 
realistic and alarming feeling of 
1 parting a cavalry charge 


At the next hole [4th] there 
appeared a chance, and it was the 
only chance in the whole match, of 
Mr Ouimet breaking down, for he 
sliced his second out of bounds. At 
this crucial moment be followed up 
the bad shot by a superlatively 
good one, and both Ray and 
Vardon letting the chance slip, the 
hole was halved in five -. At the 8th 
a wild war whoop from the 
spectators round the green an- 
nounced that Mr Ouimet had laid a 
long iron shot stone dead He got 
his three, so did Ray by dint of a 
long putt. Vardon had a faultless 
four, and now all three were level 
once again — 


The 10th. a short hole, proved, 
though one hardly appreciated it at 
the time, the beginning of the end. 
All three were on the green, with 
Mr Ouimet nearest the hole. Both 
Vardon and Ray had to putt over 
holes which their balls had made in 
foiling on the soft grass. They took 
three putts each, while Mr Ouimet. 
whose ball was half covered with 
mud. got his three, and so Mr 
Ouimet was one stroke ahead — 

The strain was so great that 
someone was bound to go soon, and 
it was Ray that went. He put his 
second into a bunker near the 15th 
green. He took two to get out and 
six for the hole- He was now to all 
intent and purposes a dead man 

The 17th settled the match. 
Vardon, r unning things too fine, 

was bunkered while Mr Ouimet 

play^ a perfect tee shot to exactly 

the right place. Vardon got out his 
5, but Mr Quimet played a lovely 
shot to within six yards of the hate. 
He trickled the ball gently down 
hill; it went on and on and then fell 

Insular view 

From Mr W. Leiigeher 
Sir. Mr A Louth (September I!) 
lists seven universities older than 
Harvard. May I add Prague ( 1 348) 
and Cracow ( 1 364). Surely. West- 
ern Europe is no( ail Europe. 
Yours faithfully. 

Gunnersbury Park, 

10 Princes Avenue. W3. 

Front Mr Brian P. Borcham 
Sir. Stand firm and inform Mr 
Louth that Paris. Bologna. Padua 
and the other places named by 
him are on the other side of the 
English Channel and not “this side 
of the Atlantic" 

Yours sincerely. 


Hill Bottom Cottage. 

Wor?ii Matravcrs. 

Swanagc, Dorset. 





SejMembcr 21: Divine Service 
was held in Crathie. Parish 
Church this morning. 

The Sermon was preached by 
foci Reverend Dr John Fleming. 

-The Queen was represented 
by Air Chief Marshal Sir Mi- 
cSpd Knight (Air Aktode- 
Camp to Her Majesty) at the 
Bailie of Britain Thanksgiving 
Service which was held in 

Westminster Abbey this 

•The Prince of Wales was 

represented by Air Commodore 
Sir Archie WfnskilL 
September 20: The Duke of 
York. President of the 
Photographers' Gallery, and 
Toe Duchess of York today 
attended the naming ceremony 
of.VHalina House, Great New- 
port Street, WC2, and after- 
wards were present at a 
luncheon at the Law Society, 
Chancery Lane. 

'Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
September 20: The Prince of 
Wales arrived at Garsdale Head 
Station in the Royal Train this 

’His Royal Highness this 
anernon visited the Moorcock 
and District Agricultural 
Society's Annual Show at 
Mossdale, North Yorkshire. 

,£.ieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson nos in attendance. 

Clifford Longley 

Hollow cry in mission territory 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr Rupert Biriey win be 
held at St James's. Piccadilly, at 
noon today. 

Birthdays today 

diri Dannie Abse, 63; Sir Joseph 
Balmer, 87: Mr Jack Buckner. 
25;’ Sir George Cartland, 74; 
Miss Maria Charles, 57; Profes- 
sor SJE. Finer, 71; Mr William 
Franklyn, 60, Mr Colin Gra- 
ham, 55; Mr Peter Harding, 60; 
M2ss Phyilis Hartnoll, 80; Sir 
Janies Henry, 75; Professor 
F:G.T. Holliday, 51; Mr Peter 
Jackson, 49; Miss Deborah 
Lavin. 47; Professor Norbert 
Lrrrton, 59: Sir Charles Mander, 
65; Sir Gerald Mobbs, 49; Lord 
Moran, 62; Dr Dorothy Need- 
ham. 90; Captain Marie Phillips, 
38; Mr Don Rutherford, 49: 
Professor Henryk Szeryng, 68; 
Colonel Sir Joseph Weki, 77; 
Miss Fay Weldon,' 55; the Hon 
George Younger, MP, 55. 

Memorial service 

Mr N. Stock 

ATservicc of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr Nigel Stock was held 
yesterday at St Paul's, Covent 
Gprden. The Very Rev .David 
Elliott officiated and Mr Harry 
Andrews read the lesson. Mr 
ABh Cox read from the works of 
Conan Doyle and Mr Michael 
Garb bon from Shakespeare. 
Mira Daphne Oxenfbrd read. 
“The Trees" by Philip Larkin. 

The trenchant, and erudite 
criticisms of the Church of 
England by the Spectator trio 
of Messrs Moore, Wilson and 
Stamp will add to the holiness 
of the church, for reprimands 
and censures, whether jus- 
tified or not, are good for the 
soul, or sort is said. 

Their portrait in The 
Church in Crisis (Hodden 
£6.95), extracts from which 
appeared in The Times this 
month, is bleak as a descrip- 
tion but- bleaker still as a 
diagnosis; for there is nothing 
the church can actually do to 
cure itself of the faults they 

Their thesis is that the 
present state of the Church of 
England is the result of wilful, 
vain and self-indulgent 
choices, particularly by the 
deigy, sometimes by the Gen- 
eral Synod, some even by its 
secretary general, Mr Derek 
Patrinson. By implication, all 
could be put right by changing 
the personnel and changing 
the choices; and perhaps 
abolishing the General Synod 
(and Mr Patrinson). 

Yet the church is faced with 
problems not of its own 
making or fault, arising from 
the long retreat of the English 
people from formal religious 
observance and doctrinal be- 
lief That is at the base of the 
Ourch of England's diffi- 
culties, and to blame it on the 
deigy or the synod is not 
reasonable. It is to confuse-the 
crisis itself with the church's 
struggle to cope with the crisis, . 
mistaking cause for 

Such criticism is by no 
means confined to those three 
waters, and is so widespread 

as almost to constitute a crisis by sayuqp “The Church 
movement or party within the of England continues to de- 
church. It could be called the dine, and to separate itself 
Tdegraph/Spectator school of from, its members, the^copfc 
churchmanship. It is im- -of England-". That is im- 
patient of sociological the- mantic nationalistic mys- 
ories, of all “trcndiness”, and deism. Gavin Stamp remarks: 
in partkulaTof the Alternative the Anglican vicar is not 

Service Book. In essence, it is just... competing with the 

Noncomformists and the Ro- 

thc belief that there was once a 
Golden Age. and the Church 
of England blew it 

But it is a misreading or the 
evidence. The sights and 
sounds of crisis are much 
more the surface signs of a 
deep readjustment of the 
church's base relationship to 
English society, from the sta- 
tus of national church in its 
fullest sense, to that of a 
denomination, albeit the hug- 
est, most senior, and most 
influential of them. 

The Church of England is 
now trying to exist simulta- 
neously in both those ways, as . 
it moves gradually from one to 
the other, and Its internal 
afiairs arc shaken by frequent 
earthquakes as and when they 

The Book of Common 
Prayer, often said by itsardent 
defenders to be a national 
literary treasure, symbolizes 
the concept of the national 
church as the official, and 
officially the only, religion of 
the English. The Alternative 
Service Book, written to meet 
the church's need for a 
contemporary liturgy, sym- 
bolizes the church .as a body 
within the nation, not co- 
terminus with it, and one 
which controls its own spir- 
itual afiairs according to atti- 
tudes ikk held in common 
with the nation as a whole. . 

Charles Moore sums up the 

stair He is woriring 

within a society in which 
religion seems only to -have- a 
peripheral role. The church 
feds embattled, and more and 
more like a sect, less and less 
like the legally established 
official religion of the land." 

Both men' are arguing that if 
the Church of England is freed 
-with .a choice between its 
Christian integrity and its role 

as the rationalchurdi, it must 
per fo r c e choose the latter. 
What in fect it is trying to do, 
painfully and slowly, . is to 
loosen the bonds which tie it 
toafodety which is rather Jess 
than iKHriinally Christian, be- 
cause it sees the trap in staying 
so dosdy tied. If its members 
are * all “the people of 
England", then it has already 
ceased to be a Christian 
church. England is mission 
territory now. 

AJ'i.WDson’s contribution 
is closest to recognizing that, It 
is the Anglican priest's task, he 
writes, "to seek out .Christ in 
the poor, the lonely, the 
outcasts* to visit Christ when 
sick or imprisoned; and to 
feed Christ when hungry and 
do the Him when naked It has 
been (be priest's task to raise 
up the penitent sinner and to 
pronounce Christ’s absolution 
of his sirs; and this is a task 
which the modern church is 
foolish to neglect—" 

That is a&'gobd Christian 
stuff. bur two thirds of die 
population of England, would 
have noidea what he is talking 
about, “b has been the j—*— *’* 
task to stand at, God's, 
art mtfa freaking ofjtoad to 
feed God's -people with foe 
body of .Christ-"' Taken in 
conjunction with Moon and 
Stamp* that caaorily add up to 
foe* startling proposition that 
the “people erf England" 
equals “the membership of the 
Church of England", which 
equals "God's people". 

The frith of the church is 
therefore, and can never be 
otherfoan, foe collective 
ions of tire population < 
country, which are by defi- 
nition deemed Christian. Such 
an argument empties the 
church's frith of any meaning. 

It is pdrt of thc Church of 
England's duty lotryto serve 
the whole peoplerather than* 
miuority. and so, itis a marie of 
the Anglican style, pat to erect 
unnecessary official barriers 
between Its internal life and 
the. comm unity at buge^But it 
must have such an internal 
lift, where, its spiritual 
Strength is generated as mem- 
bers are -bound togcthei 
through word and sacrament. 

It is from there that AH. 
Wilson’s idea) priest most 
draw his energy. Ifthey are to 
be other than, keepers of 
tombs, those involved in that 
lift must be able to shape it to 
their needs and purpos 
they feel the promptings 
Holy Spirit and as they read 
the signs of the times. Thai is 
what they in fect do, and it is 
that which causes so much 
resentment in these aides. 

Battle of Britain 

The Queen was represented by 
Air Chief Marshal Sir Michael 
Knight and the Prince of Wales 
by Air Commodore Sir 
Archibald Wimidll at the Battle 
of Britain thanksgiving service 
held in Westminster Abbey 
ye st erd a y. 

The Government was repre- 
sented by the Hon Georae 
Younger, Secretary of State for 
Defence, the Opposition by Mr 
Dentil Davies, MP, and the 
Ulster Unionist Party by Mr 
Enoch Powell MP. The Lord 
Mayor of Westminster was 
represented by Wing Com- 
mander W.H. Kearney. . 

The Dean of Westminster 
officiated, assisted by the Rev 
Alan Luff The lessons were read 
Air Chief Marshal Sir David 
_ Chief of the Air Staff and 
Flight Lieutenant GR- Topham. 
The Right Rev Leonard Ashton 
gave an address. 

During the service the Battle 
of Britam Roll of Honour was 
borne in procession by Flight 
Lieutenant A.E. Murdoch, 
Strike Command, escorted by 
Air Commodore CJ. Mount, 
Group Captain S.G. Nunn. 
Wing Commander R.E. : 

by Air 
Craig, i 


MrCJUL Joly 
and Lady Rose Scott 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
John the Baptist, Cirencester, of 
Mr Charles Joly, younges t son of. 
Lieutenant-Commander and 
Mr J.LM. Joly, of Qnrngton, 
and Lady Rose Scott, daughter 
of tire late Earf and COuntess of 
Eldon. Canon John Lewis offici- 
ated, assisted by Don David 
Moriand and Father Paul 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her brother, was 
attended by Max Fraser, Juan 
Calvo, Alexander Tooge, Isobd 
de Bertodano, Katie Weflsley- 
Wesley and Catriona Shires. Mr 
Gerald Farrell was best man. 

Mr $3. Phillips 

and the Hon Sophia Vane 

Princess Alice Duchem of 
Gloucester was present at the 
marriage on Saturday at St 

of Mr Simon Phillips, youngest 

son of the lafe Mr fVter Phillips 
and of Mrs Phiffips, of 
Wheaihampstead, Hertford- 
shire, and the Hoh Sophia Vane, 
third daughter of Loud and Lady 
Barnard, of Sefaby, Go Durham. 
The Bishop of Durham and the 

Rev Kenneth Loraine officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
amended by Peter Phillips, Peter 
Sasdys-Oarkc, Charlotte Phil- 
lips, Michelle Hewitt, Joanna 
Hewitt, Olivia Blomfidd-Smith, 
Jessica Deacon and the Hon 
Louise Vane. -Mr Jonathan Si- 
mon was best man. 

Sfr Kirby Lriug 
and Dr L Lewis 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St PauTs, Robert 
Adam Street, Wl, of Sir Kirby 
Hiig , of Mill mU, NW7, and 
Dr Isobel Lewis; of Little Ven- 
ice; W9. The Rev George 
Cassidy officiated. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her son, Mr William 
Lewis, and Sir Maurice Laing. 
brother of the bridegroom, was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Royal Society of Medidne. 

and Mbi&MjL Madam 
The marriage took place on 
in Boulder; OcHo- 
Af. Roudol 
Gonzaga, son -of the late 
Peter Gonzapi, and of Mr 
G onzaga, of New York,- and 
Mia Susan Macferen, daughter 
of Mr and MrsIanMadarco, of 
New Gallovray, 



Dr OJ4.T. Bagilnw 
and Mfes UCJ. Boom 
T he is announced 

betw e e n Oliver, youngest son of 
Mr and Mr Joan Bagshaw, of 
Oxford, and Louiie, daughter of 
Mr and Mr Roger Bacon, of 
Warwick. . . . 

Mr AV. Cuter 
and Miss JJX Sflk 
The engagement- is anhdmiced 
betw ee n Alexander Victor, son 
of Mr D.'Cteter and die late Mr 
MJ. Carter and stepson of Mr 
MJC Carter, of Altrincham, 
Cheshire, and 

gest daughter of Mr S. Sflk and 
the late Mrs E. Sflk. 

and Min S. FeSden 
The engage me nt is announced 
between Thomas, second son of 
George and Ann H31 of 
NorthwokL Norfolk; and Janeu 

youngest daughter of 

Norfolk. - 
M# &J. Lbnfc. “. 
arid Mbs K-J. Andaraon 
The engagement Is announced 
between Stgart, younger son of 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and bn Memoriam 

DEATHS sad H MBffifWM 
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(arininnnn 3 lines) 

Amwt m ccmcnli. auihailnatcd by lb<- 
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sender, may he sent ire 

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IriMur MM io Mune nnore nw. »M 

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aWUW your Filiw wwdi S in hontn. 

St. MaUhm Sc M 


- On September 8th. to Maty 
* Laing) and James, a daughter, 
m Mary. 

- On September 16m. at St 

Tbcnvn' HosptUL to Unda win 
MMgM) and Phnio. a daughter. Chloe 

IVMttH - On September 18Qi. 1986. 
•d Anne and Todd, a daughter, 

UMMM • on September 14th. at St 
nn*n Hospuat Chrruey. K An- 
natte (trie Oahden) and Philip, a 
daagMer Alice Victoria Sarah, a sn- 
eer for Lucy. 

cm- On August 2 isl to Suite 
Dyson) and Jonathan, a son 

— -C Z - On 1 2th September, at 
ligh Wycombe, to Cortona (nfe 
btomaon) and Philip, a son. Daniel 

On September 10th. at the 
,„ood Hospital. Ascot, to 
. „ i nee Wadel and MlchaeL a 
James MlchaeL a brother for 


HkMffiE - On September 17th. to 
■Mar io and Suzanne, a son. Mtcheal 

KORUN - On tSth September at 
ytiin Maternity Hospital. Elgin, 
feronlca u»«e Hidbert Pofwetu and 
, a daughter. 

• On September 19th. at Kbiga- 
jm. Hospital lo DefiWe Utte Duncan) 
and Duncan, a daughter. 

ROSS on September lWi at Bristol 
Maternity Hospital k> Carol and Nefi. 
Adam Michael. 



LEWS t ROMNSON - On September 
-22nd. 1936. at All Sami's Chiirch. 
•Eastbourne. Alan Edward Lews, of 
■SotlhulL WarvtctnWre. to 
-MaiparetU Alda Robinson, of the 
Lanstowne HeteL Eastbourne. 
’Present address: Ash wood. 2*9 
'Ktngswood Drive. Eastbourne. East 


J te /IIM - On September UOl 
ntddenly. Noe Lancaster (Robin). 
PJ.K- M.C&. of Bristol, aged 78. 
-bekrved brother and unde. Service at 
-All Samis Church, amon. on Tue»- 
tlay. Sew ember 23rd. ft 12 noon, 
family Dower* only, any' donations 
: to-All Saints Fabric Fond- 

«. Louise Edouard (Micky) - 
On September 17th. in France, 
peacefully ader . a' start Uneaa. 
Devoted husband of Susan, beloved 
fattier and tether-in-law of Michael 
and Karin and deeply mourned also 
by grandchildren Christopher and 
Stephanie- For many years chairman 
and Managing Director of the 
Chamber Group. No Bowen by le- 
anest. If wished, donations may be 
sent to the rjnjj_ a Memorial 
Service wffl be held in Landen at a 
later date, detafls or wtddb wffl be 

MKLOW on Scpfemtw X90i suddenly 
but peacefully hi hospital o»e Hon- 
ourable Diana Helen widow of the 
Late Sir John □ Bartow Ban. Funer- 
al arrangements Griffiths. Holmes 
Chapel 10477) 32427. Family Dow- 
ers only. Donations to SL Oswalds 
Church. Bereton. 

aum - On September 17th. 1986 sud- 
denly at home In London. John Pam 
Pelham, aged 68 years, beloved son 
of Madorte Burn. Service at SL Ste- 
phens Church. Gloucester Road. 
London. SW7 at lOOOsm 
Wednesday. September 24th. fol- 
lowed by cremanoo at Putney Vale 
Crematorium. Flowera lo Kenyons. 
132 Freston Road. London. Wio no 
later than 9.00am. 

CAJtOUUI of your charity pray for the 
repose of the sole of Patrick (patty) 
Cardan, aged 61 years who passed 
away on September 13th 1986 of 
KamMedon Avenue. Bradford A w 
Yorks. The dearly loved brother of 
Mary. Kathleen. Terama. John 
Thomas and a dear unde. Requiem 
mass today Monday 22nd September 
at St Patricia Church Bradford prior 
to Interment at Bowling Cemetery. 

CII1SWCLL. Peter - Soddeudr on Sep- 
tember 18th. aged 66. wWJ* vtstttng 
tus son In Australia, sadly mtaed by 
Ms wife and children. 

OAHJEYon 18th September 1986 after 
a short Illness tn hospital Thomas 
William Hamilton (Tonyj CUE of 
Whcatsheaf Pond Canape. Unhook, 
much loved tether of Jane Heath and 
grandfather of James. Ttora. Rtmerf 
and Amelia. Funeral servlee at SL 
Marys Church. Bramstatt on Friday 
26th September at i0.4San> followed 
by private nanny cremation. Close 
friends and (amity flowers only to 
G.M. Luff & Partners limited. 84 
lion Lane. Haslenurr but donations 
K wished tn The British Heart Foun- 
dation or Cancer Research. 

C*l I 4 cunt Eva. tot* Macdonald) 
M.D. - On Septcsnbo- 18th. in Kings 
College HoopttnL widow of Cheztcs 
Eddie GaQagher. Requiem Mass at St 
Margaret ctftherow Chorrii. 
Outwicfi wood Park, on Wednesday. 
September 24tti. at li^ous, fol- 
lowed by private cremation. Flowera 
to W Uden dr Son. 109 Newcross Rd 
SE1«, by 9.30am. or donations lo 
tmpertal Cancer Research Fund. 

GttJWOltE. Doris ‘Gfliy. daughter of 
me late i sa do r e and Mm de 
CoMman. peacefully after a start IB- 
ness on Sep te mber 19th. Cremadan 
at Golders Green Crematorium at 
inn Tuesday. Sept e mber 23rd. 

GLASGOW on Friday. Septemb er 19th 
1 986. peacefully roOowlng a abort m- 
nessln MacdesfieM Hospital. Denis 
Pike, adored husband of Monte, ga- 
ther of Aim ata grandfather of Mark 
and Patrick. Funeral sendee on 
Wednesday. 24th September 1966. 
at Macclesfield Crematorium at 
JLSOpm. Family {lowers only. don*- 
UOrtS to the British Red Cross SoQety. 
Sopursrt Branch. Taunton. All en- 
Otdries to Albert R. Stack (Funeral 
Director} Lid. Tet WUmslow to62ffi 

0IHFF1TM- On September ism. peace- 
fully. 6 days attar their Golden 
Wedding. Royaon HarUng. batoned 
husband or Freda. Cremation Ser- 
vice to lake place at the Woodcrie . 
Crematorium. Brighton, on Thurs- 
day 25th September, at &3Dam. 
Family flowera only, but donations if 
desired, to 0* Swedenborg Society, 
c/o Cooper & Sons Funeral Semes. 
42 High Street Lewes. E*B Sussex. 

1^(0273) 47SS57 / UeHMd 3763. 

LANG on Se p te m ber 19 at home WB- 

Uam MacNaughm aged 66 of 

Winchester. Dearly loved husband of 

Jban and Father of Jennifer. GOUan 

and Beverley- Funeral service at The 

Chapel of SL Cross. Winchester on 

Friday October 26th ec L30ptn flu- 

tow«d by private cremation. Fteufly 

flowera onhr. DonaOons IT desired to 

The British Heart Foundation e/o 

John Steel A Son. ChesU House. 


un - On 18th September. 1986. 
Susan (nee Cooke), with courage and 

tHpPity. aged 38 years. In 
CUnCotupUaL Hflnenberg. Swffrer- 

landL Beloved Wife of Christopher 

and dearly loved Mother of Matthew. 

Kathy and David. A very dear 

da lighter of MoDy mid BDL and a 

much lowed d au g hter -in-law (also of 

Dorset, England) -Service in 
HUnenberg. Saturday, aoth Septem- 
ber. and Church Stratum tn October. 
Enquiries: Hen- Hess. Cham. 

LEONARD on September 17th 1986 

suddenly. MoUy beloved wife of Nor- 

man. Cre ma tion private, memorial 
service at All St- Eytee on Thursday 

Septe m ber 26th at 2J0pm- No How- 

era. Donations to The British Hart 

Foundation. Freepost, saffron Wal- 

den. Essex. C810 1HZ. 

UNOCCK - On September L7th. 1986. 

Harry Stephen, peacefully at Ms 

home, aged 88 years, beloved hus- 

band or Ada and father of Fcier and 
John. Cremation on Thursday. Sep- 

tember 28th. at 12 noon, at West 
Herts Crematorium. Family flowera 

only, donations if dm red. to 
SJ3JLFA, c/o Mr G Pickard. XO 
Bereoau Walk. WUtfonL 

MABEMNMIOWC on September 16lh 

peacefully in London. Leila France. 

sea modi lowed mother of Alain. Atm 

and Anthony. Requiem mass tor 

famfly and friends already notified at 

the Church of The Sacral Heart 

Bushey today at 8 a-tn. 

McCAULAV on September 19th sud- 

denly but pearaMy after a -start 
Ulneas at the Cambridge Hamtial. Sfr 

Hamilton McGaiday -CSC. - Beloved - 

husband, father, grandfettier and 

great grandfather. Cremation at SL 

John's Cre ma torium. Woking Friday 

September 26th at 1 1,30am. Famfly 

flowera only. 

ME SUM On September I9th at home 
m Ross-on-Wye. Doctor Maurice 

Brendan, aged 79. a deafly loved 

husband, father and grandfather. Ra- 

ouieni Mass at Belmont Abbey on. 

Wednesday September 24th at 
2£0pm. Family flowera only. Dona- 
tions for The British Heart 
Foundation may be sent to wtniam 

Sevan. Undertaker. CMd Ghmcerner 

Read. RtuKJO-Wye. 

ry on 20th Se ptember 1986. after a 

start tBnese. LL CoL Sebastian Nell 

Mddeffl Utyoak. 2 Islay Rd. Inver- 

ness. - Dearly tinted husband, of 
Margnt Macban* and dearest fa- 

ther or Fiona. Service on Tuesday. 
23rd S e ptemb er 1986 t# 2 pm. SI 

Cotumba fttgfa Ctmrch. Inverness. 

Thereafter tn Tonmaburtdi Ceme- 

tery. AO friends respectfully tnvued- 
Farotty flowera ouiy piem. Dona- 

tions if desired to F hlaad Hospice 
Appeal at Church Door. Dwuiria to 

Jotm Fraser and Son. Chapel Street 


MMAU. - On. September lSBv i486. 
pcooefouy * In Easl t umrae. 
Gwendolen Eieanar. wife of the late 
John Mtnati. A beloved mother. 

grandmother and rishr. FunerofSer- 

vtce at r—nmm no Crematorium Ml 

Tuesday 23rd September 81 2pm. 

Flowers to Brine & Son Ltd. 19 

South Street Eastbourne. Susrat 

MME - On September 19th. 1986. 01 

hofpitat in RWodiry. after ■ riwrtlti- 

nem whBe on holiday. 

Utte WtocbcMOL ■«. or Wta 

Stafford. Cambridge. Beto ved w ife 

of George, much loved mother of 
AIMrir. and dear tnwhnother of 

Catherine and Susanna. Cremation 

at Perth Crematorium, an Ttoosdy. 

23rd September at l3Ll« pm. Memo- 

rial service « St Columbus United 
Reform Omrctt. Cambridge, to be ar- 


HA|T -On S eptem b er 18th. peacef u lly. 
Cedi Malcolm MXX. Tfl. aged 90. 
beloved Imsband of Beiyl and fbllMir 
of John and Alec. Funeral Sendee at 
The Sacred Heart RC Church. Hen- 
kyoii-DNiMS at 1030 am 
Tuesday. September 23rd. Family 
flowera only to ET Shephard Ltd. 36 
Reading Rd. Henlcyw-TliaiiMS. 

SUE. PUrick Vincent - Suddenly on 
Septe mb er 18th. much loved by Ids 
late wife Margaret, win be sadly 
ndssed by sons Christopher and 
Jonathan and daughters Briony and 
Alyson. also grandddldren. (Mark 
and Lorna-Beth. cremation 
Ponchester. HanwsMre. Friday 26tti 
September af 1.30pm. Flowers may 
be sent to M Goughian LML Westoory 
Rd. FUreham. 

■AMAGC - On September 160L 1986. 
In much loved Dunfrtesstitee. David 

Goudle Ramage. aped 78 years, of 36 

South' SL Durham, formerly librari- 

an of Dwham University Library. 

TRU P WI CK - On I8Qi Septemtar at 

No 3 Crowbccoogh Place. Meffbrt 

Road. CRturtwrough. Christopher 
MAE. FJULCS-. beloved hiabawl 

of Gents, aged 70. after a long Itinera 

bravely borne. Reautem Mass at Sr. 

John's RC Church. Heron's Ghyll on 

Friday 26th September ac 2-30cMn. 

Flowm to Paul Bysouth and Son 

UmIted. Ctawborough. 

VICAWt lte.fl - On September 19th. 

Patricia Gtencabn (nSe Madagan). 

Funeral sendee at Burley ChuretL on 

Thursday. September 2Sth at 2JO 

pm. Family flowera only please. Do- 

nations If desired to Buriey Church. 

WMTE - cm igm Septenfter .1900/ 
peacefully. Fredolck Robert aped 73 

years, of Horsham. He will be sadly 

mfHKd by an Mr femffyamf friends. 

The funeral service takes place at the 

Sumy and Sussex Crematoriam. 

Worth. Near Crawley, on Tbureaay 

25th September at 4 pm. FUmUy 

flowers only please but donations If 

desired may be sou to the Samari- 

tans. 21 Deane Road. Horsham, 
west Sussex. 

At the Dorchester Hospi- 
tal on September tarn, alter a start 
Illness. Evelyn Lucy (MonaL widow 
of captain Leslie WBtiams. Private 
family service at Brentor Parish 
Church on Friday. September 26th 
at 2.00 p.m. No flowers by reuuesL 
Enquiries to Grasshy Funeral Ser- 
vice. 16 Princes Street. Dorc h e ste r, 
tel (0306)62330. ' 


BOSAMQUZT - A Service of Thanks- 
giving for (be life of Charles 
BosanaueL Fhst Vice Chancellor of 
me University of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne. wffl be taM at 2L30m. on 
Friday. 3rd October. 1986. m St 
Thomas the Martyr arareb. 
HaymartoeL Newcaatifrupon-Tync. 

MMHtAY-MIST. There win be a me- 
morial service for Thomas Moray 
Mnrray-ftist on Tuesday. October 
21st at 6J.6 pm m The Chapel of 
King Henry vs. Westminster Abbey 
(entrance by Great West- Door) god 
aflarwoods in Ashtaumham Horae. 


MAXELL - In memory of Major Pens- 
Hazdl M£JLa. attached H.Q. Brit- 
ish Airborne Troepc. Ktoed Inaction 
near Uden. Holland. 22nd September 
19M. Vda and Jonathan. 


In loving memory ot <M*r 

Daphne. so much m us ed by $mul 
J une and afl her mntV and friends. 

Commander Percy L 
H. In devoted memory of you. - 

Dr Douglas fftAD-f Sept- 
ember 22bd. 1977. The pain does 
nM grew any less. My love tor ql- 
. wayh Qlteta.- - 

Dr and Mrs MJLM.~Leask t of 
Wolvcrcotc, Oxford,, and 
Ricanta, daughter of the late Mr 
JJLL. Anderson and of M» 
RE Anderson, of Charney 
Bassett, Oxfordshire. .. 

Mr JJ>. Preatb 
and Mbs N.CJ.INaam 
The engagement is announoed 
between Julian, son of Gom- 
mander CD. Prentis, DSC KN, 
and Mrs Ptrentu, ofWaffingford, 
Oxfordshire, and Nicola, daugh- 
ter ofMr and Mrs R-iLDixon, of 
Culhanv Oxfbrtlshiie. 

Mr MjCM. Randall 
arid Mira PJ. Umsidge 
The engagement is andotmeed 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mis D.C Randall, of Highlands 
Hall, Monks Eleigh, Suffolk, 
and Jane, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs G.C. Liversidge, of 
Westbourne, . Buxton, 

MrSLAfeHnaa - 
aed Mbs REF. Sfanpaw ' 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Andrew, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs George 
Robinson, of Etherley Grange, 
Bishop Auckland, and Helen 
Elizabeth Farbridge, elder, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Roger 
Simpson, ofNortb Lodge, Cbes- 
ter-te-Stcet. Co Durham, 
Mr&PJ*. Whit* . 
awl Mbs DJVL Robiasute 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, younger son of 
Mr David White, of Cropston, 
Ldcesteishire, and- Mrs Deirdre 
White, of ShrivCnham, Oxford- 
shire, and Dianne, daughter of 
the late Mr Red Robinson and- 
Mrs Joyce Robinson, of Yeovil, 

Mr&N. Wlntote 
and Mbs A. Ttenhd 
The engagement is announced 
between. Simon, youngest son of 
Mr Denis Winton, of .New- 
buigh, Fife, and Mrs Hamish 
Blarioe, of Cam bo. Northum- 
beriand, and Alexandra, elder 
dau^bter of Mr and Mrs Gra- 
ham - Turnbull, of Pirbright, 

Mr Lit Woodcock 
and Mbs J. Gornfoid 
The engagement is announced 
between IatusoaofMrand Mrs 
P.A.W.- Woodcock. of 
Boxgrove, Sussex, and Joanne, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S.G. 
Cornford, of Bracknell, 


The daughter of Baron and 
Baroness Hubert du Breuil was 
christened Eleuthera Rosetyne 
Patrida by ihe Right Rev Lord 
Cogganat the Church of St John 
the Baptist. Mersham. Kent,! on 
Sainnby. The godparents Jam 
Mr Hairy Dagnall, Mr Charfes 
Heflbronn, Mr Ellis Jones, Mr 
Kristen van Riel Mbs Rose- 
mary Bean, foe Hon Mrs David 
Dugdale. Lady Amancfe 
Knatchboll and Miss HeUase 


Prime Minister 

The Prime Minister and Mr 
Denis Thatcher were hosts at a 
luncheon at Chequers on Sat- 
urday in honour, otthc King and 
Queen of the Hashemite King-, 
dom. of Jordan. - 


Eminent Roman Catholic theologian 

. .amp) AtenFMl nfiiljir BlfibOD 

The Right Rev 


10 the CardmalArdsIxjtw® of 
Westminster- from.. 196o to 
1 980, diedoh Septembar20 at 
the age of 84; • . 

He was one nf the very few 
English theolo^aqs who can 
be mentioned as sndh.- though 
not; of ebu^^avrtiter.- in 
foe same broath -as; John 
Henry NeMnam* He was not 
as great; *jQac.Vas.'hp in the 
S&dct>so$e (me, of -Newman’s 
spiritual brijs, rBntthe-Chnirii 
to whidfc .'hfe. converted was 
desperatdy/fo jneed. of some 
fhrtlfer mjmidh^of mfehectu- 
al eneisy ^nd'infoience nur- 
tured nib the r 'Anglican 

ttarfmon. r-^a . ■ . . - .- by rdigious doubts, wniCii 

Bofier fois centtny earefuL wen eventually roolvcd in 

j — i-j V yhniarshjp in fevour of foe Church of Rome. 

In 1927he left to teach classics 
at Brighton College and then 
at Downside. 

Valuing the principles of 
community and local autono- 
my fi^an age of centralization. 

style was very 

much but^of ife^ion, - and 
Roman CaSo1k|i®i vras op- 


one - ( " foe . few ■ theologians mj wou^ »» — ; — ■ 
from, Britain:. who woriced to JButten heome a Benedictine 
revive tire intellectual lift of m 1929. At Downade hiafiret 
iSitawch and whq eventual- 
ly made -pbafrfe, the Second 
VkiticUn CtounriU Tben, as a 
prbfesripnal theologiap who 
was also a fifll member of the 
CouiftaL -'her Was a major 
inflaenoefoa ititwcdL 
- There were times yfeen his 
scholarship tjras defensive 

Ahbetiwas Dom John Chap- 
man, himself a convert from 
Anglicanism, and a biblical 
scholar' with interests in pray- 
er. He proved, a longterm 
inspiration to the novice. 

-Butlfe’- proceeded to the 
priesthood in - 1933. Daring 
foe -war years, he was 

rather than eamSaratofy, and. . Downside's brarinfastcr, and 
thp passage. of tp^ ma&lwld while he .held the post, foe 

usy y qj tf flfc v yi i^utv ww* 

seeqt even- a little -conserva- 
tive: He htmgtack from some 
of foo tnote radical notions of 
young, theologians 1 in- later 

His own deep interest, haw^ 
ever, was tn the area Of belief 
hseffi and he was atiaariied to 
the theories of the- Canadian, 
Bernard Tonttgan, which he 
helped to make more widely 
known. . 

Bin for him,, the. English 
Roman Catholic Church 
would have looked b ar ren of 
new ideas .arid .totally oqme- 
pared for them when they 
reached it* from elsewhere. He 
enriUed it to continue, recog- 
nizably; as the Church of 
Newpiap, and fo: rcti|m a 
distinctive En^ish voice.. 

Basil Christopher Butter 
was born on May 7, 1902; a 
son of W. E. Butler, a wine 
merchant He weitf to Reeding 
School .and St John's College; 
Oxford, where he. took a triple 
First, in .Mods, Greats and 
Theology. His’ college later 
made him an Hcnuniiy Fa- 
low. • : 

He spent four tutoring 
tSerms at KdbftCdllege- where . 
he.camejtoj^ow Dom Grat 
ory^Dix.dfPlashdom * 

ingr- far .^he*£ An„. 

pnesthood. radii he was 

school's intake rose steadily 
from'210 to 330 boys. From 
1946' fo -1966 he was Abbot of 
Downlitki fa that period he 
wrote rhis .first five .books on 
scripture, Church and; prayer. 
One of these. The Churdtand 
Infallibility (1954) was reis- 
sued, in a revised form, in 
1969: ■ 

From 1961, be was also 

Abbot Prerident of the English 

Benedictine .Congregation, 
presiding over-foe election of 
Abbot Basil Hume at 
Amplefoiih in .1963 and Ab- 
bot Vidor. Farwell at Wrath in 
1965 (who succeeded him as 
PreshKo^ together with the 

(he hnns i of the 

CbniregatiriBl • - ‘ 

- Heijecfflne^an authraitati ve 
refigioas.- figure on television 
andoh^he BBCs AnyQuesr 
lions, which brought him and 
his Abbey unexpected feme. 
He attended aU tour sessfoqs 
of the Second Vatican Council 
from 1962to 1965 andpfeyed 
an active partin them. He was 
elected to^ ^the enlarged Cbm- 
, mission for Doctrine and he 
served in a draftii^ group 

crated titular Bishop of Nova 
Barbara and Auxiliary tothe 
Cardinal Archbishop of West- 
minster; and so, on the death 
of Cardinal Heenan ten rears 
later, he became the Vicar 
Capitular until Hume was 
appointed to Wesmunster. 

Bom 1966 to 1980 he was 
chairman of foe ediwrial 
board of The Clergy /kwe*. 
At Oxford he gave *e SaTurn 
Lectures on church history, 
taking for his subject % 
Theology of Vatican II 
lished 1967, revised and etb. : 

foe fu« of 

further five books; uw fo«* • 
being an autobiography eno^- 
tied Time to Speak (1972),; 
which said less than was^ 
hoped by his friends. Fernap^, 
his most influential writing,, 
was in the articles he wroft , 
between 1965 and 1977. fra; 
The Tablet. He also wrote? : 
masterly articles at the time of 
foe encyclical Humanae vitae-. 
(1968), which, by their danty. 
and calm, quietened foe d isr. 
tuibed spirit of English Ro- 
man Catholicism. 

Another great experience 
was his fifteen years wore on 
the AngUcan/Roman Cafoohc 
International Commission, - 
where he happily returned to 
dialogue with the religion of 
his youth, .bringing as his . 
special contribution the wis- 
dom of Vatican irs. new 
synthesis, in which- scripture 
came to play a central role. . 

For its members, ARC3C' 
was arguably the fullest thco- - 
logical experience of foe foe 
seventies; and it proved, with' ■ 
its celebrated Agreed State- 
ments, fruitful, beyond 'all 

Butler was also more widely ' • 
involved in relations with 
Anglicans: for example, io foe . 
1970s he was one of the-' 
Roman Catholic members of 
foe Churches' Unity Commis- 
sion which dealt with the' 

He was co-chairman of 
“English ARC" during 1971- 
82; and was twice given the- 
me Cross of St Augustine by 
foe Archbishop of Canterbury. . 

In public Butier gave foe ' 
impression of being a some- 
what reserved man. Certainly 
he was no extrovert, and ' 
preaching was never his forte, 
foil he loved intellectual dis- 
cussion, to which he brought 
aU his formidable analytical 
powers. To the personal prob-; 
terns' of others he always gave - 
sympaihMic understanding. 

Towards the end of his life 
he suffered increasing loss of 
; ; memory, to the great distress ' 

<t boftiiof himself and oif Jiis, 1 
'Wm ronser • many '' ' ’ 


Sfr .Nbnhan Chester,. <dB^ 
died on September 20,^. the 
agd Of 78. He was Wteiftn of 
Nuffield CoBcse, . Orihrd, 

from 1954 to -1978. ' . 

Caming 1 fiaom ari inmrivi- 
legcd North Gxpttry hack- 
ground, be. ;was a; leading 
academic who also fook a very 
active interest? in 'social raid 
political affitirs. IBs persomil- 
tty was do minating and; al- 
thoogh his mannef fcouki at 
times- , be rchher crusty, his . 
heart was warm. -By most of. 
■foe cotfeagnes -raid students 
upon whqse lives he made an 
impact .ho. was not only re- 
spected; botjoved. ‘ 

As a scholar he was pains- 

taadng : raid fooit»fih> but-his 

written work tended to show . 
too tittle regard for the toler- 
apeepf readers. He refined to * 
be in anysente a journalist 

Notiheleast of his achieve-- 
ments (for. it was largely nfe) 
was to leconcfle-Numekl Gol- 
lege with- its founder, Lord- 
Nuffield, who had been alien- - 
ated by what he; saw as its 
excessively ■ leftish, tendeades 
under :1he. influence of O; .D. ' 
R- CbLe. As : a Tesuiv .-foe- 
college became the, residuary . 
aitee of Nuffiditf s estra^ 
Darnel Norman 1 Chdoer 
was 6orarar October 27,4907, 
the son ofa fretray worker, in 
a home which was to know its : 
share of the privations ( of . 
working-class Lahcariiire.. :m , 
the following years. He' went - , 
to St Pejment*s .Schnql,'. 
QKjrfron-cum-Haitly.-and left 
at > 14. tb- start work rh ^tlre 
treasurer’s dejpfotmeht of: the ‘ ; 
City COoncfl of Manchester:- ' 1 
. Whfle there he topk;an- 
exteiiaal degree (BA Adrmn)at 
foe University, and in iy31 
wOu^the^ Waxhutton schplar- 
shq> m-locaf govertmueht His 
wore wassd Sstfogurfoed fora ; 
be was offered and accepted a 
post as reseanfo. assisiant in 

tite economics reseatch seb* 

pon of the University. 

He. had now definitely 
adopted, an academic career, ■ 
but it was to be *one dosely • 
United with his first choice of : 

local ^vernsaeaL 'Ii Aasttsn 

student of public administra- 
uoo'foat he -was to build bis 
academic repraation. In - 1935 - 
he wonw Rodtefelte.ftilow- . 
ship and visited -the United / 
States raid Canada, primarily 
to study Americrai methods <n 
nroHing pubhcutilmes; he 
also took the opportunity of 
seeing how Amcncafi tmiver- 
sitie$ were teaching 1 public 
administration, a 'subject 
which . hM not yet ttoh full 
academic respectability in.En- 

pointedrtofoe economic sec- 
tion ot - foe . War Cabinet 

ey _ . 

On Ks-return> he became 
lecturer inpublic administra- 
tion ai-Manchester UmVeRity 
which subseqn^ntfy made 

_j>'-‘h6i»tary EitiD). 

When/war broke rafolie' was 
inevitably draws m to;., the 
Qvfl Servio. and -wa 

rck^ed for ii tiine id' Set as 
secretary ’ to 'foe Beveridge 
Committee- -on’ -Social 
InsurancE. .. . - . 

fa 1946 -he' left- foe. Civfl- 
Senate and becMuc an Offi- 
cial Fellow of ffaffidd' OM-. 
lege.Oxfbrd.Aithattime the 
colk*e consisted of only, two 
'houses' foe ^Brafotuy Road, 

containing hetfa' ddZeh FeJ- 
lowslaittr-afewstudemsu * 

.. Chester-devoted! hhhsdf to 
twatafos fofcdevdojanent of- 
thecoie^e, and reseratih work . 
m bis a^sei^ field.' ffebecame 
etfitiw'^df-foe' jbiirnaT Public 
Admimsttoiipn, ■ -. and- also 
wrote aril ttt^drof articles, ahd 
essays. ; as. ; wefl ; as* several . 

fa 1949 foe fonhdafibn 
if the cqp^ by 

the f^^^^of.h 
pkadT O^ttar ptayeda'/malor- 
part-m-^rerotgamzatidn raid 
plaum^iQfttK^^W: foemda- . 

He whtef^was 1 bcgiahrcg 1 to 

He Was stea . 

himself te tus new 

mgs: Wxxxteogoioredonnish 

a™j^te^^uce i^^pearance, 

directrtesSaftd, Lawashiir .acr 
TwJpy yrar he ' was 
uiCTeasiogly : a bsorbed into foe, 
life -of- -Oxford, serving '■ -on 
many comiiitttees and boards, 
where his adnflmstiativb ridH 
was^ much valued. He 4lso 
became a city councillor. In 
l95rbewQ5foai3elGBE: 7 - 
■ Ihl 954 Alexander *Lbveday 
retired from the Wanfctrship 
of . Nuffield, and. fo£ Feflows. 
chose ^ Chester, toSucceed him. 
It was, of-aB j^ foal fbr 
which he was mbst admirably 

The Warden ofNuffi^d had 
more to do than the fiends of 
most other hoti&s,- since- foe 
was developing ■‘so 

In his research and teaching, 
he ufasted on the . .highest 
standards, but was never real- 
. ly at heme in the lecture room; 

his appeal was rather to the 
r .graduate student It was in the 
oigiict levels of research that 
' his interest (ay, and be did 
■ much to make public adminis- . 
tration acceptable to academic' 
conservatives. As chairman of: 
the Oxford Centqp for Man- : 
agement Studies he did much: 
towards building a bridge: 
between the acade m ic and. 
business worlds. 

As Warden he was a person- 
al friend to almost everyone io_ 
foe college. He had not per- 
haps the social skill or foe - 
conversational brilliance of ' 
some heads of houses, but he 
. bad other -qualities, much 
' more important for someone - 
- who was to guide the growth 
ofa new foundation. c .; < 

. Above all he had a dear; ■ 
picture in his mind of how foe : 
college should serve as ^ - 
centre of research, and also as 
a meeting place where aca-l 
demies, politicians, businesses : 
men, trade unionists, arid ! 
other, pubfic personalties * 
could meeL j ' 

The academic FeBows .df-. 
-foe colkge were a care 
selected group of men 
-’ women raigaged in. rest-., 
and ‘teaching; ' foe Visitin^ , 
Feflows included leading "fig; • 

, ures from foe outside worldb . 

: was an impressive community ; 
over which be was well qr«K-* ) 
fied . to preside. He was 
knighted m 1974. 

He wrote, a number of! 

. books, including Central, and ■ 

■ Local Government , The 
Nationalisation of British In-’ 

■ dustry. mS-SL and The £ni ; 
gash Administrative Svsteml ’ 
1780-1870. In his last boolc 
published this year, he de- 
scribes foe establishment of : 

finance, of 1 

and of foe prdpte’- .... 
between differart Fie 
alaxsprved' as cbairmaBof foe 

the present century. 

. . Football was a lifelong 
won andi when Di 
Hockney was doing an 
.drawing of him for Nui 
’ S°¥ e 6?’ artist and sitter s 
their time together in ani 
ed discussion of Nort 

Chester twice conduct© 
' flumes into foe state of 
game in Britain: in 196&. 

in 19S2. On both c 
nous he recommended 
there should be fewer dub 

. His first report was to 
ignored, raid foe net resti 
T*f so for, is that 
number of teams in foe 1 
gTOwn may be reduced f 

He- married, in 1934 
Jeavons. who died in 1 

through her last ilk 
They had no children. : - 


< hl V 

t X 

t Prince's 


: •' f.‘- tOi 

'■ ,; J V'.jflf 
».V. 1 >2V 



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• • *■ 

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.t s»W 

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‘ • ^ 

. i ;'l - ' 

... s-rr* 

. .. . > 

. r: ’ ►* 

• * •, Vi*.:- 

\0» b® 

I ceds 



- and 



generation who spent Ihdr 
formative years going cross- 
eyed over screen goddesses 

instead of playing conkers wOI 

experience an undying frisson 
from the word “glamonr” — a 
Pronstian madeteine com- 
pounded of lipstick, cleavage, 
stocking-tops and immami^ 
coiffure. The 1960s came as a 
terrible shock to ns all, not 
least because they were in foil 
cotonr. Beginning a new three- 
parter on the role of women in 

the 'British film industry. Fif- 
ties Features (Channel 4 ) 
spoke not only to such imper- 
ishable monochrome divas as 
Sylvia Syms, but also to the 
pioneering women directors 
who endeavoured to make a 
living on the other side of the 
camera. Kay Mander observed 

that, in those days, “a nice girl 
wouldn't do that sort of thing” 
and reca ll ed , without apparent 
bitterness, how Michael Bat- ! 
con had dismissed her applica- i 
tion to be taken on as a trainee ' 
with the words “Women can't 
control a fihn ratit”. 

This was a fairly cosy 
treatment of a good subject, 
and the idea that Ungers most 
in the mind's eye is that the 
interviewees exhibited a pref- 
erence for beingfilmed next to 
cpt flowers. The feathered 
friends and enemies in Birds 
for AU Seasons (BBC2) had no 
such, scruples: trees, cliffs, 
creepers — it really was aB the 
saitte to them. 

Introducing die avian popu- 
lation of the temperate zones, 
Magnus Magnusson's frratity 
jocund narration pole-vanlted 
from continent to continent — 
“Meanwhile, in temperate 
China . . .** “Now to tem- 
perate Australia — ” — an 
unavoidable concomitant of 
zoning the subject-matter in 
this way. We also learnt that 
one in five great tits gets 

The birds under observation 
did their staff with effortless 
brilliance (you could tell they 
had been rehearsing), whether 
they were penguins climbing 
trees, owlets gulping voles' 
whole, herons villainously 
shading water with their wings 
to con the fish, or baby 
cuckoos putting their bocks 
into the serious business of 
turfing reed warUtis /bonr 
their legitimate nests. - -- 

One often feds Dice sending . 
the cameramen of wildlife 
documentaries campaign med- 
als; perhaps the present crew 
will be content to have as their 
monument the excellent foot- 
age from this irresistible mini- 

Martin Cropper 

• The Phantom of the Opera, 
a. new musical by Andrew 
Lloyd Webber with libretto by 
Richard Stilgoe and Charles 
Han based on the story by 
Gaston Leroux, opens at Her 
Majesty's Theatre on October 
9 (with previews from Sep- 
tember 27). Harold Prince 
directs, and the designer is 
Maria Bjomson. 

I read Lord of the. Flies at boarding ' 
school when I was 13 m an edition 
specially strengthened, without 
irony or, probably, much success, 
against the quotidian savagery of 
s choo lboys. The mint new copies 
were distributed in class one 
summer’s afternoon. The double 
thickness, cardboard covers - were 
bright gold, the dolour, it came to 
seem,' of desert-island ya rds and “ 
the author’s name. It was the kind 
of book that crackled when first 
opened, and the binding glue gave 
Off SOtnethine faintly fart-al the 

/.'.'.■'aiMtji: -■■■ - . t, | 'V jK- ■. ■ •■jw- 

off something faintly fiwai the 
smell, it was soon established, of 
little boys gorging on tropical fruit 
and '‘caught short” on the beach. 
The text was enticingly dear, at one 
with the limpid waters of the 

■ The novel's reputation must 
have reached me, for I already 
knew that this was a serious book, 
written by a grown-up for the 
careful attention of other grown- 
ups. At that time I was eager to be 
involved in the ways of real books. 
1 started on the first page hungrily 
and read too quickly, for I formed 
the impression of -a boy with an 
enormous scar and a bird that 
could talk, i began again, more 
slowly this time, and was 
though I could not know it at the 
time, into the process whereby 
writers teach you how to read. Not 
all scars are on people; this one was 
in the fabric of the jungle. And the 
cry of a bird could be echoed by, 
and therefore resemble, the cry of a 

Two related discoveries rave me 
immediate pleasure. The first was 
that in this , an adult book, adults 
and all their grey, impenetrable 
concerns were not prominent Here 
was the very stuff of my fantasy life 
and of my favourite childhood 
reading. For years I had day- 
dreamed of grown-ups conve- 
niently and painlessly dissolved (I 
didn't want them to suffer in any 
way), leaving me and a handful of 
competent friends to surmount 
dangers without ever bring called 
into tea. - 

I had read Treasure Island and 
Coral Island of course, and I knew 
all about the less respectable end of 
the tradition, Enid Blyton's adven- 
ture series in which four chums and 
a dog broke up international crime- 
rings in their summer holidays. 
What was so attractively subver- 

• -lL±k- ' ' -tC. 

William Golding (left) was 
75 at the weekend: as part 
of a birthday tribute to our 
Nobel literary laureate, the 
novelist Ian McEwan 
(right) recalls reading Lord 
of the Flies as a schoolboy 

The unforgettable 
momentum of a 
childhood fantasy 

si vc and feasible about Golding 
was his apparent assumption that 
in a chad-dominated world things 
went wrong in a most horrible and 
interesting way. For— and this was 
the second discovery — 2 knew 
these boys. I knew what they were 
capable of I had seen us at h. As far 
as I was concerned, Golding’s 
island was a thinly disguised 
boarding school 

As a contemporary of Ralph, 
Piggy and Jack, I felt intimately 
acquainted with their problems, 
the most pressing of which — since 
I didn't want the boys rescued — 
seemed to be the difficulty of 
talki ng something through in a 
group to useful resolution. I read 
the accounts of the meetings 
around the conch, the inevitable 
drift and confusion, with an- 
guished recognition. At the age of 
.12 or 13 it was just possible, givena 
little privacy and necessity, to 
develop a fine’ of thought alone, to 
reach some kind of hazy conclu- 
sion. To do this -with a group of 
friends was near-impossible. 

We were at an age when we 
craved secret societies, codes, in- 

vented rituals and hierarchies; 
these all needed talking through 
before the fun could begin and 
countless elements conspired to 
subvert us: pure excitement, 
competitiveness, aggression, horse- 
play, power-play, boasting, the 
need to find a joke at every turn, 
wild, associative thinking and 
everyone talking at once. We could 
not organize a thing among our- 
selves. One’s own thoughts melted 
away. (“Ralph was puzzled by the 
shutter that flickered in his brain. 
There was something he wanted to 
say, then the shutter had come 

Golding knew all about us. In 
Lord of the Flies I aw the 
messiness and insufficiencies of my 
tittle society spread out before me. 
For the first time in my life I was 
reading a book which did not 
depend on unlikeabie characters or 
villains for a source of tension or 
eviL What I bad known, without 
ever giving the matter much 
thought, from my crowded, dormi- 
tory existence, was confirmed and 
clarified; fife could be unhappily 
divisive, even go fabulously wrong, 
without anyone having to be 

extravagantly nasty. No one was to 
blame — it was how it was when we 
were together. 

I was uneasy when I came to the 
last chapters and read of the death 
of Piggy and the boys hunting 
Ralph down in a mindless pack. 
Only that year we had turned on 
two of our number m a vaguely 
similar way. A collective and 
unconscious decision was made, 
the victims were singled out and, as 
their lives became more miserable 
by the day, so the exhilarating, 
righteous urge to punish grew in 
the rest of us. 

Neither of them was an obvious 
candidate for victimization; nei- 
ther was ugly, stupid or weak. One 
combed his hair with a parting we 
found rather too precise. The other 
had an intimate, confiding manner 
and was sometimes over-generous 
with his sweets. Together we 
convinced ourselves the two of 
them were intolerable. Alone, one 
of us could have contemplated the 
daily humiliations, the little tor- 
tures we, the invincible; unknow- 
ing pack, inflicted on these two 
boys. Their parents had no choice 

Irving Wardle at the theatre 

Fo sharpens his comic tools 

Archangels Don’t 
Play Pinball 
Royal, Bristol 

Leon Rubin's new regime at 
Bristol opens auspiciously 
with the English premise of 
this early Dario Fo piece: a 
collectors' item which no 
doubt will shortly be blossom- 
ing ' round the repertory 

Unlike the plays we know 
already, though, it is not 
explicitly political. In 1959 Fo 

der the name of Lofty 
Lovelyweather, is a clown who 

than Fo, who awakens Lofty 
from his dream and plunges 

fiction can have because 1 frit 
indicted by it. All my friends were 
implicated loo. It made me feel 
ashamed in a rather luxurious way. 
The novel brought realism to mjr' 
fantasy life (the glowing,- liberated 
world without grown-ups) and 
years later, when I came to write a 
novel myself, I could not resist the 
momentum of my childhood fanta- 
sies nor the power of Golding’s 
model, for I found myself wanting' 
to describe a closed world of 
children removed from the con- 
straints of authority. I had no- 
doubt that my children too would 
suffer from, rather than exult in,- 
. their freedom. Without realizing it 

J | at the lime. I named my main 

| Q I character after one of Golding’s. 

I f gJ . I I I V v 1 cannot break completely from 

the memory of my first reading of 
Lord of the Flies. Whatever else it 
A might be. and it is clearly many- 

fa I things, it remains for me a finely*. 

\9 X %JL- observed novel about schoolboys. 

the way they talk and fall out and: 
turn into imitation aeroplanes; 
^ 4- ^ -w- y mid-sentence. The din of the lower 

1 I \f school common-room at the 

y Bishop Wordsworth School was 

mr not wasted on Golding. After all, 

the satanic authority oi die Lord of 
but to take them away. When the ^JHies himself is con'.eyed in 
uncomprehending father of the boy w °^ 5°^* "?.'■£* ^ 

with the neat hair came in his car to II iJ he ^4 sr ° or ^V 

collect his son, no one dared defy of the Flies spoke in the voice of a 
the group by going out at the last Mhoolmaner. Thishas SW^CjJjrU-. 
moment to say goodbye. far cno “Sb- My poor misguided 

y B y child, do vou think vou know 

It did not take me many years to better than I do?V 
discover that schoolboys have no /u the age of 1 3 1 was not to 
monopoly on unreason and cruelty know that Golding was interested, 
and that they are not the only ones Jn far more than observing school- 
incapable of settling differences boys and was making exemplary' 
with calm discussion. This, of use of a limited experience for 

course, is Golding's whole point enormouslv ambitious and suc- 

The boys set fire to their island cessful ends. 1 felt that odd elation 

paradise while their elders and induced by artistically achieved 

betters have ail but destroyed the pessimism;' as far os I was con- 

planet. When yet another assembly cemed, the novel’s blaming finger 

breaks down and the boys scatter was pointed at school bo vs like 

across the beach. Ralph, Piggy and j ac k. Piggy. Ralph and me. We 

Simon are left behind and begin to were manifestly inadequate. We 

catalogue with yearning the many couldn’t think straight, and -in- 
competent ways the grown-ups sufficiently large groups we were" 
would have managed things better, capable of atrocities. In thai I look 

Golding inteijects: “The three boys « ail so personally, I like to think 
stood in the darkness, striving t h a t I was, in some sense, an ideal 
unsuccessfully to convey the maj- reader 
esty of adult life”. ' ^ McEwWi t9K 

At 1 3 f too had sufficient faith in # From Golding: The Man 

adult life to be immune to and his Books, edited by John Carey. 

Golding's irony. Lord of the Flies published today by Faber & Faber at ' 
thrilled me with all the power a £12.50. 

pAnpprf ments, some executed more 

V^ULIL-CI l ingeniously than others. It is 

no great treat any longer to 
London Brass bear a Byrd pavane played by' 
P1 - * fl _ rj I. brass instruments, for this isc 

ntizdocm nail intimate music demanding an- 

intimate medium, however." 
The loss of one man -Philip well its lines may suit the 


London Brass 

Elizabeth Hall 

knocks about with a group of him back into the world of 
cafe rowdies as there is no defeat That also is too easy. 

Jones — and a consequent 



longer any court to employ 
him. Glen Walford’s produc- 
tion makes heavy weather of 
the opening pranks until -Fo 
launches -Lofty On his real 
career' as- a social 1 victim who 
beats the system. 

Applying for his war pen- 
sion, he finds he is down on 
the files as a mongrel retriever, 
and promptly assumes that 
official identity: surrendering 
to the dog catchers, going into 

and the dream recommences, 
this time in actuality. “My 
quarrel”. Lofty declares to the 
gilded angel who surveys the 
scene under a pant umbrella, 
“is with those people who 
organize our dreams:” He 
then proceeds to get on with 
his own —.with strong support 
from Tina Jones and Chris- 
topher Ettridge- It isa wonder- 
ful piece of theatrical leger- 
demain and also a defiant 

was evidently still sharpening t service with a conjurer, and 
up the comic tools he later * lea rning his tricks so well that 
applied to public issues; and, he filches the clothes of a 
indent of satirizing actual government minister. and pots 
cases of laronsm or police on a nifty display of magic and 
corruption, Archangels offers fireworks in the act of laying a 

service with a conjurer, and in which you can read 

learning his tricks so well that the future author of Can l Pay, 
he filches the clothes of a * Won't Pay. 
government minister and puts 

change of name is scarcely the ihe arranger (Elgar 

ii*of a phoenix from the Howarthl had done his job. 
ashes. And the often brilliant Even < ^ b ? dl * Canton Sept- 
standard of playing and the' *"** ““ ** Sonata Plan -e 
formula of the programme in F °* e “““ded too plumft,. 
this the official dfcbut of wth thc harmonic aspects 
London Brass were both exaggerated at the expense oC 
essentially the same as before, thecontiapuntai. : 

We beard two new pieces, one , 1116 an *?8craents 

conservative, the other more ^ ^ ** 4* 

challenging. There might have tr ?“5 OIUSl r. Dav ?“ °^ a 
been another, too, had Ste- on f« ll *“rE 

phen Oliver completed his F 16015 hy wouc ^ 

work in time. As it was the unposaMe fora brass group to- 
conservative work, Buxton J™ every subtle touch of 

a generalized farcical world of foundation stone. 

have-and-have-nots. The one 
point where it decisively parts 
company from silent film 
comedy is in refusing to 
acquiesce in the status quo. 

Fo's hero, who (ift Roger 
McAvoy's and Anna Maria 
Guigni's translation) goes tra- 

in every case the underdog 
comes out on top. Some of his 
conquests are pretty puerile. 
Others are beautifully or- 
ganized exercises in comic 
revenge, as where Lofty tunis 
an office full of petty officials 
into a row of rubber stamps 
which he can operate with a 
lever, or where he strips a 
railway guard and the minister 
of their trousers en route to a 


Almeida ' 

After their notable King Lear, 
staged around three ladders, 
the Kick Theatre Company 
return to the Almeida with a 
Coriolanus played in a circle 
of orange-boxes. As before, it 
is like seeing tragedy unfold- 
ing in a gymnasium. The team 
arrive in exotic track suits 
offset with a few draperies; a 

naivety that will guarantee its “.V 

popularity, while the tougher Goose or “ ^borado del 
piece/Anthony Payne's Fan- £■», but / ursc Jw con - : 
fares and Processional, gratify- demanding different 


this episode (using three of 

Claire Lyth’s multi-purpose mSS” 

cages) is a model of precisely M£g5£*S2Ei 



Coriolanus (Douglas Hodge) raised to his death 

ingly stretched the abilities of bTr ^ s °f mstrumenis and • 
even these players. mules * .managed to , 

_ , , . _ generate the illusion, and ’ 

There was the usual mixture would have come closer but . 
of makeweights, beginning for ^ evident tiredness by * 
with the almost obligatory now in the playing. 

Gabrieli and proceeding 0 , ^ ..... - 

through the usual arrange- OlCpHCII x GtDIt ‘ 

SS^d pantoS tk^ ' ing^into the chorus, nraking ^1 

ss?s-Wsr? ^ 

rEEtSaiSSE BMiiaira 

ing to cancel the interval last tune, 
unless we pay attention. By The show runs to dose on 
the second act, though, it is four hours; which, as it turns 
getting rather too - easy, when out> ^ die best news, about 
every obstacle means another Deborah Warner's prodne- 


tion. This is an uncut 

No one realizes this more nus\ and, not only are you 

repeatedly hit with wonderful 
passages of unfamiliar poetry, 
but the events are set in a 
much ampler context of gossip 
and rumour than time usually 
allows. The impact of the 
Coriolanus-Aufidius meeting 
at Antium (here played in 
candle-light, throwing heroic 
shadows on the back wall) is 
vastly intensified by the 
following below-stairs scene, 
where Aufidius's servants gin- 
gerly acknowledge that Corio- 
lanus is “worth six on him”, 
leading on to a scullery debate 
on war and peace. 

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The main casting is all over 
the place. As the paternal 
Menenius, Peter Kelly sub- 
stitutes a moustached middle- 
aged smoothie from whom no 
one in their senses would buy 
a second-hand chariot. Mene- 
nius may be a go-between, but 
he is not Pandarus. Charon 
Bourke's Virgilia is the most 
Roman figure in the show: a' 
pattern of stoical dignity 
suggesting worlds of feeling 
held in reserve. She also 
reverses the usual family 
heirareby in relation to Hilary 
Townley’s youthful Volum- 
nia, who comes over as a 
Golders Green mother crow- 
ing over her son's school 

The clue to Douglas 
Hodge's Coriolanus is his 
enraged death-scene response 
to being called a boy. It is the 
truth. Fresh-faced and grin- 
ning even at the height of 
defiance and contempt, he 
collapses abjectly under ma- 
ternal disapproval It is hard 
to believe in him as a warrior. 
The production requires him 
to do some extraordinary 
things: mugging, a passer-by to 
ask the way to Aufidius's 
house, and stripping naked for 
the plebeians to whom Shake- 
speare says he refuses to show 
his wounds. But one haif- 
nelson is all we see of his 
battlefield prowess, and he 
finally dies from being lifted 
up in the air - evidently from 

The Royal Ballet 

The UK pram teres of . . 

-and ; ' ' 

Opus 19/The Dreamer 
tirith' ' V ' - ; 

Ea Valse/The Concert 

October 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 
16, 17 at 7.30 


The Dream 
Symphonic Variations 
A Month in the (;ountrv 

22, 23, 25, 29 at 7.30 

M aye riing 

October 14, 15, 21; 
November 7, 10, 12 at 7.30 

01-240 1066/1911 

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sees way 
to free 

American giant squeezes into port 

number of Soviet SS 20 and 
American Pershing and cruise 
missiles in Europe, as we]] as 
cutting the number of Soviet 
missiles in Aria. 

. Mr Shevardnadze an- 
nounced on Saturday that the 
Soviet Union had dropped its 
demand that a freeze on 
British and French nuclear 
forces be part of an accord on 
intermediate-range missiles. 

The US has suggested at the 
Geneva amis control talks 
that each side's medium-range 
weapon deployments should 
be- limited globally to 200 
miSsfle warheads, of which 
100 would be within range of 
Europe. The Soviet Union 
would deploy its remaining 
100 warheads in its Asian 
territory, while the US could 
keep 100 warheads based in 
on its own territory. 

According to Western 
counts, the Soviet Union has 
810 warheads in Europe, 
mounted on 270 SS 20 mis- 
siles, and 513 warheads in 
Aria, mounted on 171 SS 20s. 
The US has deployed 108 
Pershing 2 missies in West 
Germany, the total number to 
be deployed in Europe, and I 
128 cruise missiles in Britain, | 
Italy and Belgium. 

The proposed new limits are 
much lower than previous 
ones put privately to the 
Soviet Union, and seem to 
have been the direct result of 
discussions in Washington 
earlier this month with Soviet 
arms control officials, at 
which the Soviet side dem- 
onstrated considerable flexi- 
bility on deployments in 
Europe, and a willingness to 
make some small concessions 
on deployments in Aria. 

: Mr Shevardnadze, speaking 
at the Soviet Embassy on 
Saturday after the two-day 
session with Mr Shultz, said 
there was a “genuine chance" 
to settle the Daniloff issue in a 
way acceptable to both rides. 
“I stress there is a possibility 
of resolving that issue without 
pain in the interest of both 
countries. Please give us a 
chance through diplomatic 

- 3*1 | 3f f ;-. 

if '*?..■* 



Letter from Kalamata ‘ | 

The despair of a 
battered city 

ties to inject some life wto 
what has been the most 
vivacious and prosperous 
seaport of southern Greece. 

Mounting feats of more, 
perhaps stronger, tremors. 


“I expect another earth- .' 
quake above five 
Richter", said 
Ddibaris, assistant lecturer } 

combfoed with the painful 0 f seismology at, Athens, 
prospect of spending the university. The ™n cartel 
coming winter m the tent quake here was 6-2 degrees. 

have driven ai least followed by another ot a < 
oac-tfurd of the population of magnitude of 5.6. 

45,000 out of town. in a canvas camp set up 

Lorries loaded with whal ^ River Nedoti, 

has remained of households now supplied with- 

arc stifl seen ou the taghnoy running water, dectric powet> 
leading north. Many families and a telephone. oneOT 

are i^miingK) home yula^s . survivors of the five- 
nearby. Others head for the block of flats whdh , 

comforts of Athens. collapsed that night, killing 

Just outside the tovro, the oftbe 20 dead from this 
police have set inroad blocks earthquake, said he and his 
to check their identities be- Q f five were spared, 

cause hands of organized becai £ c they bad gone to' 
burglars have suddenly m- ^ ^ inauguration of a 
fested the qty with a greedy - fine in the port, 
eye on homes abandoned uc " . . .. 

the earthouake. Firemen and soldiers arc, 

Kala- still drilling through the con- « 
mata's popular and energetic crete slabsto ejearthe rums 
socialist mayor, believes the of this buildin& They wear 
owners will return soon. He is masks because a powerad 

Row continues over Sir Ian MacGregor’s book 

Cootinaed from Page 1 
Mr Walker with the start of 
the book's serialization in the 
Sunday Times yesterday. 

Instead Mr Walker had 
ostentatiously placed a copy of 
the book-on the table in his 
office and be told Sir Ian that 
if be ever had any future 
dealings with ministers it 
would be helpful if he would 
make his criticisms to their 
face at the time. 

In his book Sir Ian com- 
plains that he felt upset and 
cheated when he found that he 

had to work with Mr Walker 
as Energy Secretary rather 
than with his predecessor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, and that he was 
not allowed to do things the 
way be wanted because Energy 
Department officials would 
have objected. 

Sir Ian says that he does not 
believe Mr Walloer shared the 
Prime Minister’s confidence 
in him and that he was much 
more concerned with political 
“appearances" than she was. 

Mr Walter said yesterday; 
“I am sorry that in the scores 

of meetings I have had with 
him throughout and since the 
dispute be ’has never raised 
any of these criticisms with 
me or, to my knowledge, with 
any other member of the 

As well as causing ructions 
in the Government and izS 
Whitehall Sir Ian's controver- 
sial inride story of the coal 
strik e is likely to lead tej 
disputes within the NUM. 

• Former Cabinet Minister 
Mr Jim Prior, the first of Mrs 

Thatcher’s senior ministers to 
tell the inside story of her 
Government, yesterday 

his former Cabinet collea gu es. 

In extracts from his forth- 
coming, book "A Balance of 
Power" published in The Ob- 
server, he called her ,tfien 
supporters in Cabinet — Sr 
Geoffrey Howe, Sir -Keith 
Joseph, “Mr Jobs Mott, Mr 
David Howell, Sh Angus 
Maude and Mr John Biffen — 
as. “not a very impressive 
bunch”. . .... 

The USS Iowa, one of me 
fastest and most powerful 
battleships ' ever built, 
up tike Solent 
past the front at Soothsea 

The 888 ft ship, which 
is taller than ah 18-storey 
balding, is the biggest 
battleship ever to enter 
the harbour and the en- 
trance had to be (hedged 
to allow her through.She 
has been faking part , in 
the Nato exercise North- 
ern Wedding and wiH stay 
in Portsmouth for n week. 

(Photograph: Hairy Sere) , 

giving fim priority to the re- stench emanates from the 
Opening of the city’s schools, rubble 
Several huge tents are ex- “All the residents of the 
pected here this week which flock have been accounted 
the Boy Scout volunteer for", said one of the rescuers, 
contingent intend to pitch in “And unless a passer-by has 
town to serve as classrooms, been buried under the walls^ 
The authorities have barred the stench may come from , 
the Kalamata children from decaying food or dead pets." 

SEfhS&V'Sfi £ The earthquake destroyed' 
°Wli£ some 2.000 old bouses in 36 
Villages in the area, but none 

is too wide- SoS^lSnSTf^lS 
snread. The earthauake of P aiohon \_ a M™e l O' *2 
the city 

as if simultaneous tbnnder- SSTLS?'? JJP&KL 2 p 

TZaISL, ’ villages in the area, but n 

bSi tetor is uk, wide y. ragged ascru e'Iy 
read. The earthquake of 

as n simultaneous uranuer- =r.~ ~ ;n nF 

bobs had been hurled against 

selected targets. Whal the ihe Taygbetus range. 

first ‘quake spared was fin- - Sunday Mass was. ode- - 
ishedoffby another, 48 hours b rated by Bishop 

later. Chrysostomos, in the small 

Even then, the appearance square feeing the main caffie- 
of the city is deceptive, of Kalamata dedicated to 

Behind facades seemingly left the Mother of God. The 
intact, there are condemned dome of this grandiose 

boiktings that State engineers 
have marked with an omi- 

church has ca ved-in and the 
walls have been tom, but the 

nous red “X” .> belfry stands and the dockon 

In one of die tents of the jj ^ shows the time the 

Ib one of die tents of die A s 
administrative centre set-up ean 
under canvas with comtnend- 
able alacrity outside the crip- 
pled .city ball, Greek. 

earthquake struck — 8.24 
pm. . 

Mario Modiaao 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent. The Prince's Trust, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, attends a charity pre- 
miere or the film 'Othello', 
Barbican Centre, Loudon, EC2, 

Princess Anne. President of 
the Save the Children Fund, 
visits a Rind Traveller Project, 
Whiteshill Site, near Gerrards 
Cross. Buckinghamshire, 10 JO. 

Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester, Patron ofthe British 
Limbless Ex-Service Men’s 
Association, attends a Garden 
Party. Drum fan rig Castle, 
Dumfriesshire, 3.30. 

New exhibitions 

Allison Vance: Interiors; Na- 

omi McBridge paint effects; 
Otter Gallery, 23 Wellington 
Park, Belfast; Mon to Sat It to 7 
(ends Oa 4k • 

Sir Philip Sidney: Life, Death, 
and legend; Bodleian library, 
Oxford; Mon to Fri 9 to5. Sat 9 
to 1 (ends Jan 3a 19871 
Caribbean focus: photographs 
of Caribbean working life by 
Roshini Krmpadoo; Lough- 
borough Library, Granby St; 
Mon to Fri 9 JO to 7.30, Sat 9-30 
to 4 (ends Oct IS). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Paintings by Robert Chard,; 
Lorraine Cox, Mandy Rogers 
and Bradleigb Smith: sculpture 
by Jeanette A Gaynor; Glover 
Street Studios, Unit P, 113, 
Glover St, Digbeth, Bir- 
■intiua; Mon to Sat 10 to 6. 
(ends Sept 28). 

Coloured wooden assent- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,157 

BfliflflilBiIB iilili 

umuuuwu umumuM 
■ ■ ■ mum 
mmuuum sibhhbh 
m ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 


^bbbbbbbb ubbbb 



1 Presented an account for 
wine in study verbally (8). 

5 Note to change flag (6). 

10 Clean though rough growth 

11 Plain individuals malting 
insinuations (9k 

12 "A dark illimitable ocean 
without bound, without— ” 

‘ (Milton) (9). .. .. 

13 Operate on a joint? (5). 

14 One turn produces only a 
tiny bit (7). 

16 Such fniit is kept in water 

( 6 ). 

19 Tolerates backward rural ar- 
eas (6). 

21 Support beastly capital 
development in the Medi- 
terranean (7). 

23 Table for a sailor crossing 
the Line (5). 

25 Ironical racialist issue (9). 

27 Clever approach about 
parking and temporary shd- 

• »er(9). 

28 Coaree aggregate (5). 

29 Report some soldiers de- 
layed (6). 

30 The fool mistreating roses 
be values (8). 


1 The occupant let the players 
in (8L 

2 Good player’s score on a 
horse superior to all others 

3 Endless dressing is provided 
for the bird (5). 

4 Agitation of mind makes 
no-one book up (7). 

6 Joining a non-drinker and 
suffering for it (9). 

7 Course taken by a singer (5). 

8 Surest to tom .reddish 
brown (6). 

9 He'll rely on others less cor- 
pulent (6). 

15 To do with the electricity 
supply being intermittent 

17 Press vote for a medal (4,5). 

28 Learn, say. to con/iise an 
examiner (8). 

20 Relationship be twe en ma- 
tron and muse (6). 

21 Fibs about a youngster? 
That’s an understatement! 

22 Dressing right can cause tit- 
tle depression (6X 

24 At least a million people 
have this language (5). 

26 Reprobate getting fere 

served up in the Fnaach way 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,156 
will appear 
next Saturday 

blages by Stephen Font; paint by 
Myfanwy Johns; pa p e r and 
wood assemblages by Alison 
Saint; Fleet* Street Studios, 
26/28 Fleetest, Bhari^haw. 
Mon to Sat 11 to 6 (ends. Sept 

Works by Graham Chariton, 
Carla Gunzi. Simon Lilly, 
Phillippa Goodafl, Geoffrey 
Nawn, Carol Stevens, Kim 
Tbomas and Paula Woolf; 
Bridge ‘Studios, 2nd Floor, Par- 
tridge Works. Fleet St, ffir- 
miaghiia-, Mon to Sat 11 to 6 
(ew&Sept 28). 

The Bumbake Trust: orfemal 
works by prison artists; The 
Hexagon, Queen’s Walk, Read- 
me Mon to SatlO to 8 (ends Oct 

Three artists from Guernsey: 
work by Barry Owen-John, Ma- 
ria Burges- Whinney and Payf 
Dyer; Red House Museum. 
Quay Rd, Christchurch. Dorset; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Oct 11). 

Photographs by Tiida Porter 
the working people of Alton; 
ADen Gallery, Church St, Altoo; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Oct 
11 ). 


Piano recital by Julia Qoad; 
Fennoy Centre, King’s Lynn, 


Concert by the Yorkshire 
Imperial Championship Brass 
Band; Bishops Cleeve, Smiths 
Industries, Tewkesbury, 730. 

Meet the author 'Portrait of 
the Wordsworth Country', by 
Ron Sands; Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre. 
BrockhoJe, Wiodenaere, 3.3a 

Antique fair Town Hall. 
Bakewefl, 10 to 5. 


Births: Anne of Cleves, fourth 
wife of Henry Vm, 1515; Mi- 
chad Faraday, chemist, Loudon 

Deaths: Johann Agrfeola, Lu- 
theran reformer, Benin, 1566; 
Sr Charles Santfey. baritone, 
London. 1922; Oliver St John 
Goguty, surgeon and writer. 
New York. 1957. 

Nature notes 

1 Starlings are: . roasting 
communally a gain, both in ' 
dense woods and on city build- 
ings.- Most of these are British 
buds, but they will soon be 
joined by vast flocks of winter 
viators from Germany and 
Poland. Wrynecks have beconfe 
rare breeders in Britain, but 
passage migrants are now 
appearing in the eastern cotm- 
tres; these neat brown wood- 
peckers feed on the ground as 
wed as in the treetops. 

Manx shearwaters have left 
their nesting holes and have 
spread all round die coast, 
where they skim whh stiff wings 
over the waves. Practically all of. 
them will move on to mote 
southern waters. Kittiwakes are 
also appearing everywhere off-- 
shore; they are dainty gulls with j 
a soft, dark eye, and will stay 
throughout the winter. 

Some horse-chestnut trees 
have red or yellow crowns, 
though boys knocking down the 
cookers find that they are still 
white, or only streaked with 
glossy brown. Hawthorn trees 
also have red pa t ches, and 
Lombardy poplars are flecked 
with pale yellow. Beec h m ast is 
scarce this year and there are 
very few titmice in the beech- 

Golden rod is in flower on 
railway embankments; 
nipplewort is still common on 
roadsides, and daisies continue 
to open on lawns. 


Bond winners 



the northbound entry sup at 
junction 27 is also dosed. - 
_ Wales- uf West M4c 
Re surfac ing .and a contraflow 
be t we en junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon/Cirencepter). M4: 
Contraflow at junction 24 (New- 
port). MS Roadwork s wi th 
various lane closures- -between 
junctions 22 and 26 (Weston- 

kTTrrTH Mi-rn rruTi • »tti i 

The North: A1(M)/A1: Crash 
barrier repair work between 
Scotch Gorno- arid Sinderby. 
Southbound lane closures. Mfe 
Various can urg e wa y and slip 
road closures at junction 37 
(Kendal). M66: Resurfacing and 
a contraflow between junctions 
l and 2, no southbound entry. 
T raffic l ights in use at A56 at 
junction 1. ^ 

Scotian* M73/74: Bridge re- 
pairs. Various lane closures. 
M9fe Contraflow between junc- 
tions 8 aqd 4 

Northbound link to M9 closed 
for bridge work, diversion in 
operation. . 

Informatiofl supplied by AA . 

London Marathon .! 



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whilst 4epresaooi>tD the 
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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Change on w^irj 

FT 30 Share 
1269.1 (-1.8) 

FT-SE 100 
1600.4 (-8.2) 



USM (Datastream) 
124.2 (+0.03) 

(Change on week) 

US Dollar 
1 S 4765 (+0.0010) 

W German mark 
2L9486 (-0.0880) 

69.6 (-1.4) 

1 Pay rises 

By Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 

Surging labour costs from 
too-high pay settlements are 
threatening a prospective 
improvement in exports, the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry said yesterday. 

> The employers' organiza- 
tion has called for moderation 
in pay settlements, backing 
similar demands by Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor. 

But the CBI has also called 
again for interest rates to be 
reduced to enhance British 
international competitiveness. 

The CBI has been taking a 
gloomier view of growth pros- 
pects bat its September treads 
survey, out yesterday, has 
detected a small pick-op in 
ontput reflecting some 
improvement in export order 
books. These are now* at a 
\/ “slightly better” level than the 
low points seen in July and 
Aagnst, the snrvey says. 

• Bat this is unlikely to 
persuade the CBI to change its 
output forecast for 1986, 
which it reduced from 2A per 
cent to 2 per cent at the start of 
this month. 

The warning came as the 
Chancellor was preparing to 
chair tomorrow's September 
meeting of the National Eco- 
nomic Development .Cponci] 
which is due to dismiss: a 
Neddy paper on current indus- 
trial capacity and levels of 
investment, particularly in 

The CBI trends smrey re- 
iterates the expectation that 
„ manufacturing industry will 
j pick np slowly in the remain- 
ing months of this year. Out- 
put has recovered from the 
lower levels of the last three 
months but is still not as 
buoyant as in the spring. 

Bat export order books 
overall are still at their weak- 
est for almost three years. 
Total orders remain little 
changed from the August level 
and have stayed fairly flat 
since April. Price increases 
are expected to remain 

Surprise cut in 
interest rates 
may be imminent 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

A new cut in international Germany came under pres- tween the United States and 
interest rates could be on the sure from its European pari- the rest, to add to the surprise 
way, confounding pessimists nets to relax .its hard line on element of any rate cuts, 
JJJJsL ? cnnan ral£S > a different light on A month ago, an IMF round 

pn^ls for a new round of of interest rate cuts lookeda 
HpSS Si UCUon ““Id happen interest rate cuts worldwide. certainty. Since then, doom 
SI Tn?LT ual , ni S tu,gsof ^ Last week, the gulf between ^ rales prospectehSbe- 
ge Intotmuonal Monaaiy Germany and the United come widespread 
Fund and World Bank which States on this issue appeared 7n v,..,, nnri 

begin m Washington at the to widen. Herr Kari Otto 1 tl? t J? SiaS^LST 
end of this week. PoebLthe Bundesbank Dresi- United States .fears ; have 

This would be good news dent, reaffirmed his reluctance nnuSS^nrfiiSiS 1 

for Britain and the US, the two to cut rales. In return, the US SIS d d U 

countries whose currencies Treasury Secretary, Mr James 

have been battered by the Baker, threatened to drive the 1116 E . bnance ministers 
strong mark over the past two dollar down further. ■ aIs ? discussed the hb- 

wMks. However, the European e^hzauon of capital flows 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the countries dearly feel obliged ^thin “e Comm unity. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, to offer Mr Baker something In ® significant move; Ger- 
said during the weekend meet- which will enable him to claim many signalled her willingness 
jng of the EEC finance min- a political victory at the to remove restrictions on the 
isters at Gleneagles, IMF/Worid Bank annual private use of European cur- 
Perthshire, that the possibility meeting, his first on his rency units in return for simi- 
91 a reduction in German “home ground" in Wash- ter reductions in control in 

interest rate cuts worldwide. certainty. Since then, gloom 
Last week, the gulf between over rates prospects has be- 
Gennany and the United come widespread. 

States on this issue ap 
to widen. Herr Kar 

In both Britain and the 
United States, fears have 

countries whose currencies 
have been battered by the 
strong mark over the past two 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 

within the Community. 

In a significant move; Ger- 
many signalled her willingness 

rency units in return for simi- 
lar reductions in control in 

pf a reduction in German “home ground" in Wash- ter reductions 
interest rates had not dis- ington. This would give the- other countries. 

appeared. Reagan Administration The European countries will 

He also said, in reference to powerful ammunition against be on common ground in. 
the historic meeting of the congressional moves to in- Washington in pressing ihe . 
Group of Five leading econo- produce protectionist legisla- United States to take further 

The European countries will 

mies a year ago — when action 
was taken to correct the 

action on the $200 billion-plus 

was taken to correct the it is possible that recent federal budget deficit, and in 
dollar's over-valuation — that statements from Mr Baker urging moves by Japan to 
11 was important to keep the Hen* Poehl, and Mr Satoshi stimulate domestic demand, 
spirit of Plaza alive. Sumita, governor of the Bank EEC ministers will back the 

Mr Lawson's comments, of Japan, were intended to World Bank's IDA 8 
after a meeting in which widen the apparent gulf be- replenishment of $12 billion. 

spirit of Plaza alive. Sumita, governor of the Bank 

Mr Lawson's comments, of Japan, were intended to 
after a meeting in which widen the apparent gulf be- 

Pressure on pound 
‘set to continue’ 

By Our Economics Correspondent 

The pound is likely to reflection of the mark's 
remain under pressure in vol- strength, it could require ac- 
atile currency markets, acc- tion on interest rates by 
ording to Ctty economists. Britain if the German authi- 
Sieriing is expected to be orities maintained their re- 
pushed down by election im- fusal to cut rates, 
certainties and Britain's del- “CfertainJy, if there is no 
eriorating _ balance of pay- earfy action by either the UK. 
meats position. As a result, orthe German authorities it is 
interest ratts are expected to hard to see anything but a 
remain at high levels over the continuing outflow from ster- 
next 18 months. ling assets into German ones, 

According to the stock- and a weak gilt-edged mark- 
broker Capel-Cure Myers, in et," Green well Montagu says, 
its Currency -Outhok mib- Phillips & Drew, in its 
fished today: It is unforto- World Investment Review 
nately an odds-on bet, that published today, expects the 
sterling will be unsettled dollar to remain weak in the 
ahead of the next UK general ruo-up to the Congressional 
election-mother factors weigh- elections on November 4. 
ing against sterling are the “Any rebound in the dollar. 

**0 not 1* welcome t0 the US 
national rompetilraness and Administration," the broker 
uncertainties affecting oil 

_ ....... “The maintenance of a 

The sterling index is fore- competitive level of the dollar 
cast to fefl to 67 by the end of ^ provide the only assur- 
nextyrarfrom nscurrentlevel mce w congress that the 
of just below 70. This is current buoyancy on domestic 
despite a sterong recovery demand is not just leaking 
against the dollar to SI .55 and j nlo even higher imports.” 
mainly reflects a fall to 2.70 The dollar is expected to fall 
against the mark. l0 DM! .90 by the end of the 

The broker Green well Mon- year, against the present level 
tagu, in its weekly report on just below DM2. This will pull 
the gjlt-edged market, says the pound down to DM2.90 
that while the present weak- against the mark, Phillips & 
ness of the pound is mainly a Drew predicts. 


Historic deal 
heralds new 
Gatt round 

From Bailey Morris* Ponte del Este, Uruguay 

Britain's Trade Secretary Mr Paul Chaimon, right, with his 
French counterpart M. Michel Noir, after the Gatt talks 

Put in application forms by 
tomorrow night, urges TSB 

By Richard Thomson, 
Banking Correspondent 
The Trustee Savings Rank is 
urging everyone wanting 
shares in its flotation to hand 
in their application forms and 
cheques by tomorrow eve- 
ning, although the offer does 
not officially close until 1 0 am 
on Wednesday. 

Since the offer price was 
announced, more than a week 
ago TSB officials have empha- 
sized that the amplest and 
safest method of ensuring that 
applications are received is for 
people to hand in their forms 
at TSB branches before close 
of business tomorrow. 

Although most branches 
close at about 3.30pm, some 
stay open until 7pm. 

ityeanwhile, th ere i s irrita- 
tion within the TSB at the 
attitude of some stockbrokers. 
TSB officials are annoyed that 
some brokers seem deter- 
mined to make large commis- 
sions out of the issue, even 
though the bank has reduced 
costs for investors, by nego- 
tiating a special lower 
commission structure with 

L Messel, the broker, has 
announced that it was impos- 
ing a £10 flat fee for all 
applications it handled. One 
bank official said that several 
brokers who had expected to 

weir record Pearson acts to deter bid 

• The Weir Group's com- 
puter services company at 
Glasgow announced today 
that it has won its largest, 
order, a £500,000 contract by 
Hewden-Stuart Plant for its 
accounting centres at Glas- 
gow, Casdeford, Yorkshire, 
and Ashford, Kent. 

Fund launch 

Castleforth Fund Managers 
is launching its third Business 
Expansion Scheme fund to- 
day. hoping to raise between 
fl'million and £3 million.__ 

sat* swssgjs 

saras gs»! 

Comment 19 Share Pnces 20 

TODAY - Interims: Beatson 
Clark, W Canning. Freemans, 
* Jacks (William), Laidlaw 
Thomson Group, Meialrax 
Group (dividend), Morgan 
Crucible. Pantherella, The 
Spring Ram Corpn, Tarmac, 
Travis & Arnold. Finals: 
American Electronic Compo- 
nents, Chambers & Fa[p‘ iS ’ 
- Datron International, EID - 
Parry (India), Mcriyale Moore 
(amended), Parkcr-KnOH. 

Spong Holdings. . 

K TOMORROW - Interims: 
Anglo-Eastern Plantations. 
Antler. Bluebird Toys, 
Connells (expected Wednes- 
day), Clyde Petroleum, routes 
Group, Invcigordon Distill- 
ers. Johnsen St 
Packaging. LAS Mi O, 

Macallan-Glenlivet. Octopitf 
Publishing Group. Scott , & 
Robertson. Sintrom, Spectra 
Automotive and Engineering 
Products. Sieeilev (amended). 
Finals: Murray Ventures. Rag- 
lan Property Trust, Space 
►Planning Services. 
“WEDNESDAY - IntoimS. 
Albany Investment Trust, 

Associated Book Publishers. 
Baillie Gifford Technology. 
Bank of Scotland Charles 
Barker. Beauftrd Group. 
Bciee. Biomechanics Inter- 
national. Brent Chemicals 
international. Cakebread 
Robey & Co. Coats Viyclla. 

, Moves to discourage poten- 
tial bid attempts emerged over 
the weekend from Midland 
Bank and Pearson, the con- 
glomerate which owns Lazard 
Brothers and the Financial 

Both companies have been 
the subject of intense .bid 
speculation for many months. 

Pearson appears to be nego- 
tiating a small cross-share- 
holding with the Hong Kong 
trading company Hutchison 

Hutchison has built up a 
stake in Pearson and the two 

By Our Banking Correspondent 

companies are believed to 
have held talks in ihe last two 1 
weeks. i 

Lord Blakenham, Pearson's s 
chairman, said Hutchison was < 
’ a friendly shareholder and had 
no intention of making a bid. 

He insisted that Pearson ‘ 
wanted to remain indep- j 

endenL . t 

At the same tune. Midland 
Bank officials confirmed ru- 1 
mours that the bank had 
sought advice from SG War- j 
burg, the merchant bank, oh a c 
defence strategy against any I 
potential bid. 1 

Midland's own in-house c 

merchant bank. Samuel Mon- 
tagu. although involved, has 
not taken a lead in advising on 
a defence because of potential 
conflicts of interest 

Midland officials said the 
anti-bid strategy had been in 
place for several months now, 
before Sir Christopher Mc- 
Mahon took over as chief 
executive earlier this month. 

A spokesman added: “It is 
just good housekeeping. Any 
company is more vulnerable 
to a bid once it is off the 
bottom, as Midland now 
clearly is." 

The British Gas privatiza- 
tion in November and the 
flotation of British Airways In 
January will be nowhere near 
as popular as the Trustee 
Savings Bank share offer, 
according to a Gaflnp poll 

The poll reveals that a 
majority of the population 
believes the City to be 
Britain's most dynamic and 
successful industry. 

. Four million people, or 10 
per cent of the population, are 
considering buying British 
Gas shares, bnt of these only 3 
per cent said they--, would 
definitely boy them. 

British Airways attracted 
the interest of 5 per cent of the 
population, or 2 million 

These figures compare with 
14 per cent saying they were 
interested in buying TSB 
shares, equivalent to 6 millio n 

The poll covered nearly 
1,000 people nationwide. 

make large profits on the issue 
had become unoo-operative 
once it became clear that they 
would not make as much 
money as they had hoped. 

The process of counting and 
sorting all the applications has 
begun. Few, if any, share 
flotations have had such a bie 
logistical problem of process- 

World Bank” 
lends $16 bn 

Washington (AP) - The 
World Bank, the biggest 
source of aid loans for the 
Third World, lent a record 
$16.3 billion in the past fiscal 
year, according to the bank's 
annual report. 

The report, published yes- 
terday, said the bank lent 
$13.2 billion to the more 
rapidly developing countries, 
which pay variable interest 
■rates. The current rate is 8.5 
per cent a year. 

The bank's dealings on 
international markets made a 
record $ 1 .24 billion in the year 
ended June 30. 

Comment, page 19 

ing applications, but if all goes 
according to plan, share 
allocations will be announced 
next Monday. 

The TSB is hoping to avoid 
balloting on applications, but 
some form of scaling down 
application amounts seems 
certain. j 

Public response to the issue 1 
looks set to beat all the bank's 
forecasts about the number of 
new shareholders it was likely 
to gain. 

The TSB said initially that it 
planned on attracting “at 
least" one million new. 
shareholders, but after a £30 
million publicity campaign 
public interest has soared. 

With up to 90 percentof the 
£1.5 billion issue being set 
aside for private investors, 
applications could finally 
□umber five or six times the 
original estimate. 

Meanwhile, the search for 
multiple applications goes on, 
with the use of computers 
Those caught stand to have 
their cheques cashed immedi- 
ately and they will have to 
apply to retrieve their money. 
They may also face criminal 
prosecution, with possible 
fines of up to about £ 10 , 000 . 

• Guide; A guide to selling 
shares after the issue will 
appear in The Times 


After a week of tortuous 
negotiations, ministers of 74 
nations have launched an 
historic new trade round that 
is expected to trigger a decade- 
long process of rewriting the 
rules of local commerce in 
newer service industries such 
as insurance and banking, in 
which Britain is a world 

The successful launch of the 
new round, titled the “Uru- 
guay Round" in honour of the 
country of its birth, is regarded 
as an important victory by 
British and European officials 
who had feared the talks 
would collapse. 

Both the developed and 
developing countries which 
are members of the General 
Agreement of Tariffs and 
Trade (Gatt) had threatened 
to walk out of the talks earlier 
in the week because of dis- 
putes over the key issues of 
agriculture and the news- 
service industries. 

Although no one wanted to 
name the “winners" and 
“losers" of the week-long 
talks, some nations came out 
better than others. 

The United States, which 
went into the talks with four 
key objectives, emerged with 
everything it requested, mak- 
ing only minor concessions. In 
the process it formed new 
alliances with development 
countries which are expected 
to have a big impact on trade 
flows in the years ahead. 

Mr Paul Channon, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
lndukry, said British and 
European Community objec- 
tives had been met. 

The agenda of the new 
round will not only consider a 
broad range of trade issues but 
will also break new ground by 

attempting to reduce agri- 
cultural subsidies in Europe, 
the US and elsewhere which 
have been blamed for global 
over-production and disrup- 
tion of world markets. 

The Community was succ- 
essful in inserting language in 
the communique lhat did not 
tingle oui Europe's Common 
Agricultural Policy, but Brit- 
ish officials said the agreement 
nonetheless means that the 
CAP is under fire. 

The ambitious aim of the 
new round is not only to forge 
better ties between developed 
and developing countries by 
protecting the sovereign rights 
of weaker nations, but also to 
halt the slide towards pro- 

Growing protectionism in 
recent years has threatened to 
undermine Gau 

in the final communique 
ministers agreed to begin 
negotiations in the areas of 
agriculture, trade-related in- 
vestment, intellectual prop- 
erty rights, services and in- 
ternational rule-making. 

To satisfy developing na- 
tions. which feel isolated un- 
der Gatt. the process will not 
formally be handled by Gatt 
even though it will come 
under the umbrella of the 
Geneva-based organization. 

A single trade negotiating 
committee to be named by the 
92 contracting parties of Gatt 
over the next few months will 
oversee the negotiations. 

Officials said the success of 
the talks will very much 
depend on the composition of 
the committee and the proce- 
dures it enacts. The commit- 
tee has been charged with the 
task of completing the talks in 
four years but ministers said 
this was overly ambitious. 

De Larosiere ‘to leave 
the IMF this year’ 

From Our Correspondent, 

M Jacques de Larosiere, 
managing director of the 
Internationa] Monetary Fund 
. for the past eight years, has 
told his board that he plans to 
resign at the end of this year, 
officials said yesterday. 

M de Larosiere made the 
surprise announcement at a 
meeting of the executive 
board in Washington last Fri- 
day. He plans a public 
announcement during the an- 
nual meeting of the IMF at the 
World Bank this week. 

The decision to resign is 
mainly for “personal reasons" 
but M de Larosiere also said 
he believes it is the right time 
for new leadership at the IMF 
which is about to undertake a 
new complicated surveillance 
role over the economic perfor- 
mance of major economies. 

At the same time, the IMF is 
embarking on a new relation- 
ship with the World Bank, 

Ponte del Este, Uruguay 

which has been charged with 
the task of handling the me- 
dium to long term tax prob- 
lems of developing countries. 

Officials said yesterday that 
several names have been 
floated as possible successors 
to M de Larosiere including 
the Dutch Finance Minister, 
Mr Onno Ruding, who is 
chairman of the IMF policy 
board, and Signor Lamberto 
Dini, deputy governor of the 
Bank of Italy. 

French officials said that M 
de Larosiere's timing was also 
influenced by the rise to power 
of their Prime Minister. M 
Jacques Chirac. He has in- 
dicated to friends that this 
may be a better time for him 
to resume a career in the 
French Government rather 
than wait until mid-19S8 
when his second term as 
managing director of the Fund 
would have expired. 

The new Siemens T1000S 


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Edmond Holdings, The Flem- 
ing Universal Investment 
Trust, Hawtal Whiting Hold- 
ings, Jove Investment Trust, 
Juliana's Holdings, 
McLaughlin & Harvey, Mor- 
ris (William) Fine Arts, Mo» 
Bros, Tozer Kerasley & 

Millbourn (Holdings), WAkes 

(James). Finals: Barratt 
Developments, ■ Harvey & 
Thompson, Land Investors, 
LogicaTTrafford Park Estates. 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
Aberdeen Construction 
Group, Asibury & Madetey 
(Holdings), Bentalls, Brown 
Boveri Kent, Brown Boven 
Kent (HoldingsX. Cemrtfwy 
Industries, Combined English 
Stores Group, Eucalyptus 
Pulp Mills, Highcrofi Invest- 
or 1 Tin* IgnOBj 
Pacific Trust, Newarthill Of- 
fice and Electronic ^actones, 


i u h ?? s t" l v.o»r s Gro T u h p: 

United Newspapers. 
Whatman - Reeve Angel. 
Finals: Ferry Picketing 
Finlay Packaging, 

& JVai ^ - 

Petrocon Group^The Sunlight 

Group. Finals: S Cas- 

Nuclear fears may increase 
EEC coal use by up to 20% 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Quiet daisy 

wheel print I Store received 
quality. messages for editing. 

capacity up 
to 80,000 

The political and environ- 
mental fall-out from the 
Chernobyl nuclear power 
plant disaster could lead to the 
European coal Industry 

as modi as 20 per cent withm 
the next 20 years, according to 
a report issued today by DRI 
Europe. s . ' 

The report, commissioned 
from the international energy 
specialists by tui untuned en- 
ergy industry, suggests that 
there is little likelihood of 
existing nuclear power plants 
being dosed before the end of 
their design lifeJU suggests 
that nuclear power plants now 
at the planning stage wSH be 
replaced by coal-fired power 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board (CEGB) 
has already warned that any 
Government veto on its plans 
to build a new mdear poww 
station at Sizewefl in Suffolk 
end a family of up to six 
similar stations using the 
Sizewell pressnrized water- 
cooled reactor (FWR) design 
ttonfcL that several new 

coal-fired stations would have 
to be ordered. 

The CEGB’s own scientific 
staff have already produced 
designs for a new generation of 
coal-burning stations which 
could be developed. 

Because of the present im- 
balance within the. national 
grid — the new stations are 
needed in the south — the 
CEGB is concerned that plan- 
ning difficulties will also be 
encountered when it seeks 
either to bdU new power 
stations or improve the exist- 
ing national grid by bonding 
larger transnrcsioa towers. 

The DRI report says that 
even assuming the Sizewell 
plant is built and two similar 
plants are in operation by 
2005, the demand for electric- 
ity will mean that the coal 
requirement will rise from its 
present 79 million tonnes a 
year to 92 million tonnes in 

In the mid 1990s, however, 
DRI suggests that demand wit] 

fall to 75 million tonnes a year. 

Coal's share of the UK 
market in the 1990s wiU be 

protected from lower world oil 
prices, the report says, by 
substantial government in- 
centives to industry to bofld 
new coal-fired boiler capacity. 

In Europe as a whole the 
capital cost of new coal-fired 
boiler systems - considerably 
higher than gas or oil-fired 
plant of a similar output — is 
seen as a constraint to the 
growth of the coal market. 

However, DRI does suggest 
that coal production costs are 
faffing and that Britain is 
doing better in this area than 
its main European 

The figures show that av 
erage production costs in the 
UK are now running at the 
equivalent of 84 European 
currency units (ECU) per 
tonne. Ln Germany the figure 
is 117 ECUs and in France 
and ft»| ginm between 122 and 
114 ECUsJBnt there is little 
prospect of lower costs_ in 
Germany, France or Beljpmn 
white in Britain productivity 
has been rising since the end of 
the miners' strike. 

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Uncertainty at Geneva will 
wreck Opec’s fragile gains 

The next meeting of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries in Ge- 
neva on October 6 could be 
more than usually crucial for 
its members. If the meeting is 
inconclusive, acrimonious, 
or fails to do more thyn 
continue the present agree- 
ment for another month or 
two, the inevitable un- 
certainty will mean they all 
stand to lose the price gains of 
the last few weeks. 

The importance of 
psychology in the oil market - 
is well demonstrated by the 
behaviour of the oil price 
since the last meeting at the 
beginning of August, when it 
was agreed that Opec mem- 
bers would trim their output 
during September and Octo- 
ber to the 16 million barrel a 
day ceiling agreed in 1984. 
This ceiling excludes 1.1 mil- 
lion bpd of natural gas liquids 

In the four weeks preceding 
implementation of the agree- 
ment, Opec pumped out oil at 
nearly 20 milium bands a 
day — at least 2 million more 
than was justified by 
consumption. That oil is now 
on its 50-day voyage to 
Europe, and will continue to 
arrive at Europe's refineries 
until the thud, week in 

Oil is, therefore, still flood- 
ing into North-west Europe 
as East as it was before Opec’s 
agreement, and wffl continue 
to do so for another month. 
But as so on as Opec made its 
announcement to cut back,; 
the oil {nice jumped from its 
July low of under S9 a barrel 
to S15 a barrel, purely on 
expectations of a tighter 

Although all this floating 
oil is having some depressing 
effect on prices, Brent has 
remained above $13 a barrel 
helped by the bombing of the 
Iranian export terminal at 
Khaig Island and the Kuwait 

Opec, by all accounts, 
hasbeen doing its best to stick 
to its agreement and, by past 
standards, is making a 
reasonable job of it As usual, 
no-one is including the neu- 
tral zone in their quota — one 
source of leakage over the 
ceiling, amounting to 360,000 
bpd wared equally between 
Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. 

Another trouble spot is the 
United Arab Emirates. The 



{/barrel FOB 
30_ oA 

Quota Produc- 

Saud Arabia* 



Kuwait* - 





Brent spot price chart 
through netback jungle 

The widespread ase o f 
netback pricing means the 
market has to rely on the 
Brent spot price to chut the 
movements of internationally 
traded erode. The drawback 
is that the Brent market is 
thin on occasion and liable to 
wild fluctuations when ike 
market is nervous. 

As Opec attempts to come 
to grips with the problem of 
overproduction, the question 
looms as to whether it can 
reintroduce official prices. 

Official prices can omly be 
imposed if there is not quite 
enough oil to meet de m a n d. 
While there is a production 
surplus, a buyer wfll not ship 
oil to a market 50 or 60 days' 
away, taking the risk that the 

1984 ceiling ignores fields 
which have come on stream 
since then, and in Dubai's 
case the amounts of new 
production capacity are 
substantial Against a quota 
of 0.95 million bpd, the UAE 
is believed to be producing 
close to 1.5 million bpd, with. 
Dubai being the source of the 
extra output. 

There have been some 
cutbacks among non-Opec 
producers approaching 
400,000 bpd, some of it 
involumaiy, to help offset 
this. The involuntary cut- 
backs have been mainly 
among stripper wells 
(producing under 10 bpd) in 
the United States. It is es- 
timated that stripper wells, 
producing collectively at least 

price could fan daring the 

Effectively, setback pricing 
Is a way of tarmag long-had 
crude into short-haul crude, 
thereby reducing risk for the 
purchaser. It is stzB widely 
used, but since Opec decided 
to rein in its production, 
discounts on netback prices 
have all but disappeared. 

Although netback pricing 
is just a device to reduce risk 
for the buyer, It has the effect 
of obscuring prices, makh« it 
di fficult for the market to 
work out tiie true price of oiL 

Unless Opec creates a 
shortage of oil, it looks as if 
netback pricing is here to 
stay, at least for the time 
being. _ 

150,000 bpd have been closed 
in the US because the low oil 
price has made them un- 
economical. But it would 
only need a price of $16 a 
barrel to turn the taps on 
again in most cases. 

Opec has long been been 
canvassing non-members for 
voluntary cut-backs to help 
support the price, with little 
success. Mexico has been its 
main ally, presently believed 
to be holding production to 

150.000 bpd. Norway re- 
cently joined in, volunteering 

80.000 bpd in November and 
December. Other countries 
where Opec may hope to find 
some co-operation are Egypt, 
Oman and Brunei; but the 
amounts would be tiny. 

Commonsense suggests 

m ccccu unri i n c oi ccccu u 

I LCjDLJ 1 1 U I LI 1 1 L ' ' I LLJJLJ II 

New command system 
for HMS Fearless 

' ' t- . 

:> v *<- ' 

*\ 'i 



■ ■■ 

^ ~ rj*. 

A Royal Nnj heded uuRudan! control outre fitted wHk Ple*t*yliiteffi*e«dfe*taysy*t«. 


Ptessey research has produced 
colourless pholochromic chemi- 
cals that leave an invisible mark 
on manufactured goods. 

They can protect against 
counterfeiting currently cost- 
ing over £40 billion a yeac 
Keen interest has already 
been shown by manufacturers 
of video tapes, plane tickets and 
sports events tickets. 

The chemicals also have 
great potential for currency, 
passports, travellers cheques 
and credit cards. 

Ptessey has been chosen to provide a £3 millkm Action Information 
Systran for the assaolt ship, HMS Feadess. The system, to be known 
as NAimS-L, will improve significantly the shqft capability in. 
amphibious warfare and setf-defence. 

NAUTIS systems are based aircraft, helicopters and surface 

on NAUTIC - the Plessey 
Naval Autonomous Intelligent 

NAimS-L for HMS Fear- 
less comprises seven NAUTIC 

The consoles are networked, 
using a military standard data 
highway to maintainaiepDcaof 
the command system database 
which is available indepen- 
dently to each console user 

For HMS Fearless, 
NAUTIS-L interfaces with 
•surveillance and navigation 
radars, IFE helicopter tran- 
sponders, navigation sensors 
and plotting table system, as 
well asseif-defence weapons,to 
integrate comprehensive tac- 
tical presentations to the 
command team. 

Automatic tracking of 

units is provided in each 

This contract is the second 
successive :win for NAUTIS 
systems for Royal Navy 
command and control under 
the competitive procurement 
policy of the MoD. 

The first, NAUTIS-M, is 
now in advanced development 
for the RNTs new minehunters. 

The order mil enhance 
further the already consider- 
able export potential for 
NAUTIS-tased systems. 

The modular architecture of 
NAUTIS allows the NAUTIS- 
L consoles to be re-used with 
minimal development in 
system variants, comprising 
one or more NAUTIC con- 
soles, for amphibious warfare 
and other ship applications. 

The height of high technology 

for System X, with responsibili- 
ties for selling it abroad. PUSm.frH mv MNAtNBmlSABnCtv t mtr mi h i fnrMmv C* wr r*- 

Seva hundred Plessey tatdfi- 
gent payphones installed in the 
Parian Golf are cwkoHj 
proving tint die operation of 
public telephones can be kigUy 

The income from each 
payphone averages well in 
excess of £800 per month. The 
owners have had to organise 
three coin collections daily. 

This startling return cm 
investment results mainly from 
Plessey payphones permitting 
direct dialled international 
calls, and accepting ail coun- 
tries' coins in use in the area, 
induding high denominations. 

These features have been 
put to highly convenient use by 
the many expatriate workers 
from India and Pakistan who 
have no private phone access. 

An order for a further 400 
payphones forthe area hasnow 
been placed with Plessey Tele- 
communications Products in 
Liverpool for manufacture at 
its Chorley plant 


Plessey range of payphones 
that in just twdvembnthssince 
its formation, Plessey Telecom- 
muni cations Products has 
grown to dominate world 
markets, selling more than 
150.000 in ascore of countries in 
all five continents. 

Further new orders - from 
Puerto Rico, Spainand Bahrain 
-are worth inexcessof£750jX)0 
for over 600 payphones for 

initial trials 

Plessey experience indicates 
that trials soon lead to supply in 
large quantities, since usually it 
does not take long foran autho- 
rity to appreciate the higher 
operating profits. 

In the UK, British Telecom 
has ordered replacements for 
most of its 80,000 public teler 
phones with, models from the 
Plessey payphonerange. 


Opec will be able to cobble 
something together next 
month; the market seems to 
believe it Share prices appear 
to imply a belief in $15 to $20 
prices, as do sales of oil 

Most compelling of all, 
stocks are being bunt up. The 
professionals do not build up 
stocks if they expea the price 
to fell. 

But however sensible it 
might be for Opec to stand 
firm, as one seasoned oilman 
said: “It would be remarkable 
it after all the years of agony, 
they suddenly got it all 
together”. , 

The temptation wfll be for 
Opec to anticipate winter 
demand at its October meet- 
ing, and consider raising the. 
ceiling on production to, say, 

1 8 million bpd. This could be 

To begin with, it takes no 
account of stocks, which are 
normally .drawn down over 
the winter. Perhaps more 
serious, it gives Opec some- 
thing to argue about The 
UAE will revive its daijnsfbr 
an increase to 1.6 million 
bpd, and the other members 
will look for similar increases 
for themselves. 

Lade of agreement would 
be devastating for prices be- 
cause stocks would be run. 
down in anticipation of over- 
production, making expecta- , 
dons of lower prices sdf- 
fuififfing. : 

For stable prices, Opec I 
must agree to stick to 16 
million bpd. At this level the 
leakage from Dubai, the Neu- 
tral Zone and NGLs can be 
accommodated The industry 
will be less likely to run down 
stocks, and once more we will 
have a self-fulfilling 

The market cannot afford 
to be complacent. There is 
plenty of room for things to 
go wrong. The Iran-Iraq war 
seems to be boiling up again 
and could erupt before, dur- 
ing or after the Opec meeting. 

History teaches os that any 
attempt to deliver a death- 
dealing Mow to Iraq win &0 
flat Worst of all would be a 
peace settlement, bat., -a 
continuation of the war is 
most likely. If so, it wfll be 
just another uncertainty in a 
market that looks guaranteed 
to stay jittery. 

Carol Ferguson 


For the year to Jane 30, with 
figures in £000, group turn- 
over was 43393 (58,399) 
operating prom was 9,137 
(20.704) replanting expen- 
diture 1,550 (1,497) interest 
receivable 2085 (U46) share 
of -profit in associated com- 
panies 241 (343) profit before 
tax I0;il3 ( 20 , 796 ) and tax 
4,186 (7,937 )l 


I interim dividend is 3J5p (3p) 
payable on October 3L With 
i figures in £ 000 , die group's 
turnover was 2,002(2*265) for 
the six months to July 31. 
Profit before tax 74S (730) tax 
209 (260) earnings per share 
8.83p (7,7Zp). 

pany. has matte two ac- 
quisitions — the Ptnewood 
Honed and West Midland 
Industrial Finance and 

Development— for about £3.5 

With figures in £000, turnover 
was U832 (1.719) for the six 
months June 30. Cost of sates 
664 (516) depletion, depreci- 
ation mid amortization 810 
(382) gross profit 358 (821) 
administration expenses 497 
(483) operating loss 139 (338 
■ profit!- 

• HORACE CORY: The in- 
terim dividend is CL3p (0l2pX 
pay on Novembers. Turnover 
for toe. six months to June 30: 
£2,271,622 (£2,955,437), 
profit £1.40,947 (£45,574) be- 
fore tax £51,000 (£15,000). 
Earawm* per share 0.48p 

More company News 


Backlash on London 
as pessimism in US 
clouds the good news 

What is distuibing about the where for gQts to go except 
behaviour of gifts in toe last downwards. .... 

two weeks is not so much that 
they have lost' ground — 

The question which has to 
be asked, though*, is wnetto* 

investors everywhere in the the markets initial (fcnre 
world seem to have become jerk?) reaction is tire correct 
disenchanted wito bonds — one — its track record m this 
but that the securities in respect is good, but by no 

Britain, have fared so much 
worse than elsewhere. 

means perfect . 

To the dispassionate op- 

To some degree it looks as if server, there appear to be 
investors have singled out some aspects of the economy s 

London to be used as the development which question 
whipping boy. to atone for toe pervasive pessim^^The 

»n Page 1$ 

net asset vahie per ordinary 
share for tire first quarter, to 
March 31 amounted to 82£p 
(85.6p) Assets attributable to 
ordinary shareholders fell 
from £78.485 million to 

£76.013 miltinn. - - 

yeartoMay 32, with figures in 
dollars, investment income 
was 7,876,093 (9,905,205) 
short-term investments 
4,543,676 (52,679,584) invest- 
ments in companies at direc- 
tors valuation 91,644*900 
(47394,000) and net asset 
value 97,052,075 


for the six months to June 30, 
with figures in £000 Was as 
follows 23,707 (22,352) 
operating loss 848 (677) ex- 
change loss 166 (gain 1810) 
interest 932 (520) exceptional 
items nil (credz 222) loss 
before tax 

then- earlier errors of judg- 

What seemed to set toe 
process in motion was the loss 
of nerve by investors in New 
York. The belated apprecia- 
tion by tire Anteiicaris that the 
world economy was running 
dread fairly briskly had im- 
portant repercussions for in- 
terest rates- ■ 

It coukl be atgued pre- 
viously that cuts, .were - nec- 
essary to raise demand to 
sensible levels: subsequently it 
had to be accepted that tire 
more or less satisfactory pace 
of activity ruled out across- 
the-board redactions. 

Bond markets everywhere 
were shaken by this realiza- 
tion, but the pain was not 
uniform. Where an economy 
was seen to be beading to- 
ward§ excess demand — or 
deficient supply — tire re- 
assessment : was particularly 

The United States, with a 
large, mid rising baiance-of- 
paytnents deficit, a falling 
level of unemployment and an 
inflation rate that was no 

payments balance is probably 
central to the discussion. 

There is, admittedly, a 
widespread expectation that 
tire current account will run a 
large deficit next year but 
those who are most vocal in 
urgingthesegkjotny forecasts 
have an appalling track 

it may be recalled that this 
year it was claimed that the 
country would start chalking 
up red ink totals as soon as the 
ofl price slipped below $20 per 
barrel In fact, toe price fell to 
$11.50 in July but toe ac- 
counts recorded a surplus. ~ 

Now that the oil market is 
firmer — and likely to stay 
there in the light of the 
accelerating real growth in tire 
industrial world — it might be 
more realistic to envisage the 
maintenance of a surplus 
throughout the next year or so. 
In that case, it could be 
appropriate to cast Britain 
slightly closer to tire German- 
Japanese paradigm than tire 
American one. 

From toe labour market 
too, the message is one of 

longer d e cli n i n g, was one of capacity in Britain: a 

the most vulnerable econo- S, contrast with the US 
^ experience. 

sprouted accotdmgy- The unemployment and un- 

Economies which con- vacancies figures here 

vasdy wsre accommo^tmg mtl y difleSht stories, 

ta* toe compromise condu- 
sion is that growth in Britain, 

«««£ jatSnt 

picking up smartly, . these 

rates and stable labour mar- to^exanmle than to that 

bat* htua toctimnnu tn tki» of tilC UttitCd SlatCS- 

Economies which con- 
versely were accommodating 
tire quickening pace of de- 
mand without strain were 
regarded as still having the 
potential for interest rate cuts. 

Japan and Germany were 
the most obvious examples of 
this phenomenon. Although 
gross national product was 
picking up smartly, . these 
countries appeared to have 
ample capacity to meet the 
demand, and there rismg trade 
surpluses, filling inflation 
rates and stable labour mar- 
kets bore testimony to tire 

The . company Y subsidiary, 
Wellington Polymers, is to 
acquire, for £380,000 in cash 
JCB Tomlinson,, which hada 
turnover of £815,000 and 
produced a small profit for tire 

ERS: The interim dividend is 
With figures in 

reached 19,01 9{1 5,686) 
months to June 30. Profit 
before interest and tax 2,651 
(2^546) interest payable (net) 
198 (89) UK and overseas tax 
867 (1,016) and earnings per 
share lZ71p (ll.63p). 

dend for the year to June 30. 
With figures in $000, earnings 
before extraordinary items 
were 949 (644 loss) and 
extraordinary items 11,490. 

Logically, their bond mar- 
kets held up impressively. No 

that Ihmranv emm gnts 

denied tire possibility of itt- 
terest rate theeconomfos 
data said otii^wise. 

.Members of the inter- 
national investing community 
had to set tire Britito economy 
(and the Londopjplt madeep 
into tois framework, and their 
judgment hitherto has not 
been flattering.. The country 
has been located dearly at tire 
American end of the speo- 

There is thought to be so 
case for interest rate cuts here 
and, in the absence of in- 
creases, the vahre of sterling 
has been marked down. Not 
surprisingly, in view of this 
logic, the bond market has 
been a big'loser, 

Even on inflation, the otnec- sentiment that lies at the root 
tiye nqotoTmay wfotto of thegtit maitefs mgwe* 
leave tS: verdict open for a . ™?y be wmc time r before toe 
white: Of course, thT peso- hde is turoed. yuure wfll 
miste are forecasting & steep doubtless tnumph mi be end, 
acceteratioo next year, tort, but it may take several weeks 

they findit tofficuk to account^ of «ontrary Mcatora before 
for whaihas happened thus far the established momennun « 

this year. 

On the basis of Rubhsbed 
data, consumer prices seem to 
have moderated quickly in. 
Britain as elsewhere in the 
industrial world. Given that 
this has happened in the 
context of obvious currency 
weakness and pay rises which 
are allegedly out of line with 


In these circumstances, 
investors are in for a rough 
ride. The Government is un- 
likely to lift base rates in front 
of the most important part of 
its privatization programme, 
but that will only make ster- 
ling yet more vulnerable. 

What perhaps might be said 

have been at Work. 

The price behaviour is not 
the consequence of a squeeze 
on profit marams (quite the 
contrary), and thus it has 

Caugfit between the devil of either to be explained in terms 
higher interest rates and toe of ifoove-normal productivity 


deep blue. sea of a sliding 
there has been 'no- 

or iower-foan-reported pay 
settlements. In -either event, 

reversal — sparked possibly by 
a German-Japanese interest 
rate cut — the tone Will be as ir- 
rationally bullish as it is at 
present bearish. , ' : 

Soger Nightingale 

The author is director of 
economics and strategy at the 
broker Hoare GovetL 

Headline Book Pubfishing: 
Mr Christopher Weston be- 
comes a non-executive direc- 
tor and Mr Paul Coley 
financial director and com- 

The West of England Trust: 
Mr Sim o n Chalton and MEr 
Richard Temptelnn have been 
made non-executive directors. 
Mr Michael Whitwell joins 
the board. 

Ayer Barken Mr hBchad 
Wiffiams becomes chief exec- 
utive and Mr Faddy Murray 
group chief executive. - 

Barnet Enterprise Trust Mr 
Don McCrtekard becomes 

Bankers Trust, Frankfurt 
Hor Werner F&flubcrger 
has been made vice-president 
and general manager. .. 

Credit Suisse: B«xr Hans- 
Joer* Rud&off has been elected 
to toe board. 

Austria Microsystems Inter- 
national: H«r Dieter Dan 
becomes vice-president, 

American Express Bank: Si- 
gnor Vittorio Oral has been 
elected to toe board. 

Merivaks -Moore: Mr -Rkh- 
aid Grievam becomes group 
managing director. . 

Infech Training: Mis Val- 
erie ODe* becomes an asso- 
date director. 




01-427 6848 





■ in 

the outlook for the future is 
not too bad. 

For the moment, moreover 
such excess inflation as exists 
in Britain (OS per cent per 
annum Wf-d-wr the U S) re- 
ccives reasonably gen erwa 
compensation via an interest 
rate differential of 2 pa cent 
per annum. ..V 

The conclusion, perhaps, a 
that, while Britain's inflanqu 
tendencies are not optimal, 
neither are they so ba d as jto 
justify the market’s present 


•public sector borrowing a 
no longer the fashionable 
component of gill market 
analysis that once it was, but xt 
can occasionally still stir the 

Wood. ' 

Last week's announcement 
that public sector borrowing 
in Britain, last month amoun- 
ted to £1.8 billion was greeted 
with dismay by the conMgfr 
nity, even though toe figure 
was low in absolute termsand 
massively below the son. of 
figures being chalked up in 
most other industrial count- 
ries. , .'J 

In stark contrast to the US, 
where conservative account- 
ing has long since expired, the 
authorities here have been g 
model of rectitude. 

Why, in the light of these 
mostly middlfr-of-the-range 
economic statistics, the intcj;- 
national investor should have 
chosen to be so dismissive of 
Britain's currency and btiad 
markets is not dear. 

Our feeling is that the 
conundrum can only be ex- 
plained by reference to a 
predisposition to bearishness 
— one which gives full vent to 
the flights of sentiment but 
which allows hard-core ev- 
idence only a minor influence. 

This certainly fils in with 
the published data on the 
appetite of toe British investor 
for foreign securities. This was 
almost insatiable last year and 
the first half of this year, when 
the capita] outflow swallowed 
the whole of the country's $5 
billion surplus on toe current 
account mid required' that the 
Bank look for another $4 
million via a floating rate 

B; though, it is prejudicial 

Its not hard to find 
Thurrock is adjacent to the Thamra 
. rigto on tbe M25 at the north end of foe 

. DartfordTbnnel 

ItTs also tbe selected site for a muliHnflKon 
pounds motorway service complex due to 
open soon. Thurrock with motorways to air 
and seaports has i the finest communications 
- network m the UK, giving fast unfettered 
access and oroduct dherihuHnn to 

s Thunock, on London's 

doorstep, is nen in land, rich in working, 
>aal and enviroimental resources - and i 
wide open for big business. 

Rood use of us. 


■ •US':. 1^-. 





Cusm revievD 

High street optician looks 
to fashion for expansion 

ISM hac cm . . A . 

1 c 

its six-year history in attract- amSJf b°5°™ line. The Two stocks standing dose 
ing a wide variety of retailed j^J'j’P^iIily product to their all-time highs are 
loihe market. - ,s J*? 80 8,1 nnponant Charlie 'Brown Car Farts and 

There are . lac J ori “ group's success. T&S Stores. Charlie Brown, 

trading on the mS 0 ** 5 Another franchise operation based in Yorkshire, sells mo- 
uresenLandthe^tw- SL-f 1 ^ on ^ USM* Prtwtaprint, tor vehicle parts and spares in 

has ***** *>ra a supennatfef style to* is 

■DhcedihSSS5^ "rnwinhc prepress when its concept for sited- on busy garage fore- 
• Fudge Kitchen did not de- courts, 

liaf iSS 2S?? 1 < ? aB ve, °P according to' plan. T&S Stores sells tobacco 

tody Stop pS fn*?? - Several companies involved and confectionery at dis- 
Mav 1 9M i?h«ri« at 95p ™ m clothing and the fashion counted prices through outlets 
lollObe’fore? H£?. s ?" ed “ade tavTalso used the USM located in carefully-selected 
•anrif cniit jLj 8 ?? lssue ’ * K a source of raising capital, shopping areas, designed to 
SS *?“ Th^^ uai,on L° 8 including ihe stylish secure a high pedestrian flow. 

JftffitoSSSE A*® Both groups benefit torn a 

the old form) .360pm Cecil Gee, John KessE, Frank proven trading formula and 

. Body Shop is a thotthise JSSjSiT ^ ** SSEESgfSHSEl 

pSSictionaSdSh^fSJ^ The record of some of these expansion, 

beauty products. Throueh'ito ^ volatile as this Miller and Snnthonse, the 

fanchi^SS area. Of the retail trade is newcomer to the USM this 

able to exKmdTtumowr^d P^P^yj^nerable to im- week, may well fell into this 

profits raoX predictable fectors, such as the calory. The company op- 

' Wa ? ber or *** leveI of ^ ««■“ a of 22 tjpiical 
SlhraSd ph^gj S2£’ nary mnSUmer Htpend - f?*!* 1 f***? 

„ spec- 
tacles and contact lenses and 

providing NHS eye tests. The 
company's marketing formula 
is to provide high-quality 
professional service with an 
emphasis on feshion. 

The group's expansion has 
been particularly rapid in the 
last two years as it developed 
to take advantage of the 
changes resulting from de- 
regulation of the optical 

Spectacles are now increas- 
ingly seen as a fashion item 
and the number of spectacles 
each owner wears is expected 
to increase. The group made 
pretax profits of £362.000 in 
the year to June 1986. There is 
no. .indication as yet of the 
likely placing price or the 
prospective pricc/eamings 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew 


< .* 

> ■ 

\ > 

r nr-nt-. T.I Pnoe Oiga Grot* D*> 

Ca P*ff*** ^ _ *» m dh Yu 

* Comtuny ftttr WMfc panca % p/e 

Ji i WJl BO A & M Gp 10 • ns k n 

jgl-BBg *7* Swteo on SO +* Z? San3 

2-®2S‘222 iao -a is u.17.1 

MOftQOQ * t * ro * M ? H w « *2 3.1 is lit 

30Jm Aeon Com 40 Jf *** ■ ■ jj 

, mi jmAtv i?., -i>, :: tS 

■fJOMOO MM» L*ai 14 -1 .... T5 

^asa - — — is s « asss 

85KUM0 Apptatrae IBB . SB Yjb 1U 

8M>" Apo HobgrapnfcS 235 *5 " . „ 

- DO Wrens 5®5 +5 

5H5? Comma 313 »-iD 44 14 324 

aSSf 10 "* US -fl U 7J 0.1 

"iJBUfflO Anoc' Energy ^ * ” 143 “’g 

® SfitS 

6.-13*000 Autonunc 80 m+2 8.6 SB 134 

*8 D^en 70 +2 14 aSiaS 

“MassfBa. ,£■,•?. ss 

Benaono Oispa «2 .. „ „ 1t3 

2 154ni Bntmtov S Hay 17 4^ . . . . 283 

7J65JOOO Bartuloy Eip 31 43 

235 -» SjO 1J259 

"1.536J00 Bio taofara 12 -3 

:i437i»D aome««*3 22 -1 .. " V 

8400000 Btpal 42 -1 13 43 105 

5.900.000 Btancturds 118 *2 64 54 124 

- IUB Bwbn Toy* 288 U 12171 

• 703a BOHHM 142 -1 

. 3 p Xa.«ffi BTMmakar 2D 1.1 S3 104 

SS51XXXI Brfkat 115 +ao 50 £2 8.1 

7.744 jkjo Brail 200 +io 

_ 20.8n> Brtnnna Sac 122 +8 218 « 192 

•5.B9aC30 Br Bkxnnocfc 175 -15 125 12 BL3 

184m Br bMnd E8 *8 45 59 105 

123m BroM 3t 54 +4 1.8 30 . . 

123m Broad Si 54 +4 150 35 .. 

• 133m Bwoiwi 293 -5 S3 1J 18d0 

5300500 Brown (Charte) ISO +5 33 23 254 

4375500 Bryant (Oorek) 200 +5 1150 55 7.1 

— — Bum HMOWCM 2 

3502.800 CCA GMMc 85 45 34 40 125 

133a CM. Moo 155 +5 25 1.7153 

13*3500 CPS Comp B’< 14 224 33 

8.180500 CPU Con* 32 41 ..*..175 

■ 19.4S CVD 155 *410 

' GakMortsi OH 8S +5 

3J30500 Camowch 85 ..23 43 133 

335m Cannon SOM Im 145 *4 33 23 215 

770m camra tv aso -s 175 53 123 

14.4m Chancery S«C* « -1 31 25 123 

5.400500 CnackMM Europe T35 12,1 

- 119m ChnUaa Man 129 31 24 213 

280500 Cham MWhoam 7h 41 30 40.0 . . 

11.1m Chaohwe W 720 -8 5l2 24 234 

1.783.000 CUar 11'j -'a 17 

530B500 OyvWoi 33 +8 

1.197.000 CMyuMdn 7% 570 485 

3504000 cream 7* +2 13 25 as 

liJSm dartre Hooper 163 -2 13 25225 

2B40.S90 OMNI Gold 20b 43 

• IZZw CIU« 03 HdOS 29 +2 

' 17.0m Coma Etoctodm 106 -3 55 53 125. 

£ *3' 39 ii 145 

SSSWSal & *» 31 30231 

2.680.000 Connob * 28- ..83 

11.7m Conautani 118 «■ 4? 13 15 210 

2330500 Cana TMn Kara 46 7.1*164 303 

5.T36500 Contt MPOw H 266 415 64 24152 

6583.000 Cm** 96 17 19 132 

103»CMS 100 -3 25 25 145 

4512509 Cnmphom TO -17 7.4 28235 

•35*0M Cmnbro.-* 48 . . 0.7a 13 12.7 

6JJ72.000 Oamlch. 112 +® Zl M K 

4326500 Croon Lodon 80 -3 25 15 165 

.1.930500 Ctogmon Las* 193 +10 U 27 235 

0.743000 Crown TV PRO 71 *410 05 83 145 

S.1S450O Croats . 81 -1 % 13 15 30 

-4J17.0(ra DBE Tach to *2 . .. .. 28.1 

113m DOT 178 *3 1.7 15 163 

4.141.000 OJ Sac AWins IK *7 31 31 38 

• 115m Damn 75 42 % A 19 105 

10Bm Brnro ©W » « « 

5.07250B Daan « Bowaa 80 45 15 «518i 

1568530 Da Brad (Andra) ,24b +8b 04 15 145 

11.7m DaDiW 142 -1 

3811500 Drnmor 48 41 25 65 85 

. . 21. IM Pm cora T» -3 25 23 175 

3269500 Donmara Bac 60 . . 54 65 61 

3266500 Danny wanan 78 -8 107eT4.l S.1 

8370.000 naMna 225 #+1S 75 31 113 

»™DroSr *30 45 55 15 265 

1511000 Dumon 19'i +'» 05 15 160 

x rp o non mm. 64 42 36 45 167 

lift* anno Baa Op*S 129 +1 31 24 22.4 

24*£m0ECOWC 28 - 04 1.4 205 

*36®* Edm fi«d „ »42 M M 

2586.000 Edm CM 4 0*5 SS *1 -.6 . . K5 

28050 etWkj* Popa 'A 377 ..15 23174 

. uSSSSiiSEa8 B 121 45 45 113 

6514.000 Emaronle Data P "0 -3 23 25 11.7 

BSToS Brnrahanant Rod « 14 ” j M 

3881000 Eqmpu . •+« JJ 1 1 IH 

lOAn Eve ConroireMr JOB -- W “ 12JZ 

25501 F« 300 +10 


Pnca Oiga Gross Dm 
fen cn dw YU 
Friday emafe panes % P/E 

215m FXB Gp 
119m F & HGnxra 
45*5500 Faedbm* 
6211500 Feqpbrooh ■ 
.jMjha nMaan tai 

^iSSSS. 0 -^ 

313m flogn 
6751000 FtoSdOfl 
7563500 FOrt 5 Weston 
21 Jm Franco Coni 













»4fl 15 U 262 

35 Til 105 

44b 1.7 85 25 

+B 38 52 165 

.. 63 

• -2 

195m Fosor Bum 

a454500 Gmotar^ 

6406500 Osarcadn 

3400500 GBibon Lyons 

4536500 Gfemn Nous# 

154Q500 Glotad 
4.1 13000 BccMn tai 
1l5w row*- td Pm 
2.1W500 GouU (uomnn) 
61005m Grrnirm ewlaca 

115m Gnmw sq 

17S3.000 Guamsay ABamlc 

lUSUESQ KaiasSm Horoacsra £ 

74»00'« a THorr^ 200 

262® Kavabck Bjropa 236 
6120500 Hanh Cma « 

2792500 Hankaa 430 

4516500 Do -A 1 IV 390 

63iim hS£fSm Mm ^ 

1^-222 *a«S if* 48 

9JW0 jog Hfc Etaanom 88 

4507500 Hobson 27b 

10-t'E! Hntaiaa 116 

notnes I’romoBun 118 












103w lArahas Food 
ijwooo Hurobna bk 
2S2m Htasar Ganntr 


2AOO000 kmc 

man tad Scot Ensrgy 
45S6500 tofesRad 

iQttai kamaapa Tadi 
154m lataai (Jack U 
375m JS PaKtaw 
















• 46 

• 46 


• 410 

• +2 













7508500 Johnaan 5 Jm 120 
i Jobnnorm Pak 

108 m u 

4700500 Jum nubbm 
133m KLP 
95605m Km (John) 
7.1035m Karon Sacs 
3596500 Kewfe Syitanw 
8420500 KlaiK-Tthm 
4.786500 1PA tad 
1122500 LakX M 
5587500 Lauaw Ttnoatm 
104m Leisure kar 
23.0m Lewrimr 
4.184500 tadga On 














■ . . . 144 

45 45 10.4 

75 54 84 
27 27 187 
35 14 174 

4.1 25 204 

37 39 .. 

24 84 124 
55 55 147 
31 34175 
.. .. 565 

12 74114 
31 38131 
44 14 M3 
54 35 05 
35 45 115 

<49 14 134 

38 65 7.7 

15 14 554 

21 25 117 
11b 31244 
37 34 225 

1.1 24 167 
125 24 164 
123 12 153 

It 14 1T.1 

30 26184 
44 37184 

07 24.174 
04 53 74 
14 22214 
21 1.0 2*7 
34 14 154 
85 200 14 
.. .. 104 

13 44104 
07 14 174 
S3 1.1 224 
74 44144 
-.6.. Oil 
19 44 117 
lib 54 114 
25 44 S3 
47 14164 
23 24 174 

iaaa Lon 6 OydasUa its 
I 05tn Larin Baa • 186 

1301500 t-ysandsr.Pw 21 
7412500 MB Cash a Cany 83 
Ammo MMTCWnp 2SO 
3181500 MctouMii & Har 128 
«Um Magna B e Mandats , SB 

14005 m mXmm ■ *r 
isoouom Mom dw ■ so 
135m Manm (Rom id) im 
1500500 Maripmt 
124m MaySr City ; 

BOim Masdow Ram 
' llta Madta Tacti 
*472000 Malmwma 
1374500 Mamoiy CBnp 
7B9500 Ntancon hM rot 
132m Mtnvn aife mta 

• 46 



-1 _ . .. 

•+20 144 47112 

17 11 11 

19 14 74 

4.1 18 75 

54 31 127 

.. PP5 

34 36129 

29 14 174 

85 7H 102 

*36 '14169 





125m Manydown 

■■ MBbTEhm 

•-4 ■ 

• -6 

• 46 


• 46 

1165500 MOOTOMB Op TSS -3 

154m Monki i Cm 118 -6 

23.7m Monotypa 130 -5 

1.725.000 Uortay WO *5 -1 

7528500 Monk (VUten) 22 'a +1«» 

10*05m Mm AthmdWtig 80 

126m Mmadn 187 

169m NMljr Comp 280 -5 

XOOOJMO naw OnS Rat 9 r -1 

— Do wmn o'j -*'i 

4.170500 New EnMano Props 10 -1 

8*0500 Doimt E80 


i n tm It«|||. 

65235m MUiaal (JohiO 
622a Mkndftn 
3400500 McrakMsa 
3775500 MknMHc 
I74e Mkwmmr tan 
mm r 
1981X00 I 















. &..1 SS H*,i 

•43 27- 17 11 

• V. M'1121 
■i p. . . . . 

-5 4.7 24214 

B.7B4.000 Nampe 
12.0m NtanlD 
6.8*4500 Horank 
3511.000 Nortahl 
64235m NoneM Horn 
84255m Nth Saa AQsa 







• -1 

45 45 ” Q 

3 * 14264 

44 12 11 

4.4 31 204 

232 .. 24 

30 815 04 

36 Z4144 
64 24 117 

13 35162 
17 44125 
1.7 2317.7 
24 04 704 

37 37 82 

14 55 154 
34 19284 

14 31314 

74 39 Till 
.. 1 .. .. 
24 14 34.1 

34 33143 

31 44 239 

.. .. 9 .® 

35 44 17 

45 23115 

16 31 133 
.. .. 24 

II II 77 

1000 124 ... 
55 17 16 

44 31 1U 

15 14 10 

14 2517.1 
.. -.55 


Pnee Chge Gross Dw 
0" W YU 
Friday weak panes % 

2771000 ONaUMpae 

199m Olbonw « U6a 288 

llte Own an Abroad 37L 

551*5m PCT 113 

759*500 Pacer Systems 170 

2300500 PacMcWaa 58 

1200000 PanmeraM 155 

907m ParidaU Gp 475 

4.104500 PM M LM 56 

ifijkn PaWon 20 

37.1m Papa Gn« 1E8 

y .600.000 Fancom 128 

2.8*8.000 Pwions in aa 

s.i 78300 nMenTCDtepiaar 103 

9777.000 Pews (MfctmaQ 138 

1430500 Patrogen ^ 13 

2.1M500 Picady Ratio • 28 

2.79a000 POP* 33 

4586500 Ptaampn so 

1578500 Ptaimac 43 

5411500 PHton 125 

*1 Jm Poly pips 171 

0500500 Prsywch UsrVw 100 

10.82) FonaAe 90 

1935500 Prontapnnl OS 





• +5 

• *2 

25045m Prapany 
1.154500 Do fta 

9508.000 ChmW 
704.000 Rato C*y A' 

2557.000 Ratio Ofim 


2.180500 Ratnco OR 
3985500 Romm 
1AM900 Randswortti 
3780400 Rail Ttaa Carnot 
*80500 RaMn Uottv 
115m RMa K»S 
1556500 RockwDM 
27715m PHOTO nO 
T5i4m SAC 
iasm sangm nroro 
2J6*500 Sapphba Pal 

iQ.7rn Savaon 

3561500 Scanro 
ll.tke ScantiOrSc 
444m Scat Harttabta 
1034.000 Sacuigoaed 
2195500 SaladV 
19.1m EhatTOMcfc 
213m Share Dreg 8m 
4411000 Sbaktan Jonas 
1820500 Shanwod Comp 
135m SftM 
55*1500 »max 
315*583 Stas Catartag 
9.40X000 SmcSw (WTOaei} 
19345m ftnHtaon* 
558*500 Snowdon Bridge 
35005m Scuuncfcs 
23.1m BMn Bn 
17725m SW RMOutsa 
4400500 Space natmmg 
3704500 spactre AMO 
3230000 spactnm 
a vtBiooo spam 
3.000500 Splash 

1300500 Siaiitem M«m 
. . l&im swaqg.Puo 
1*1*500 SuWatah Baa 
94305m Sudwnaad (El) 
14405m Swodon nr romp 




• -to 

• 40 








• +10 



151 • .. 

70 +10 

1500 +170 

88 *3 


124 -2 

125 -10 

TOT -2 

181 -3 

118 43 


338 +2 

315 -10 

93 «-2 

9<5 *-10 

170 +5 

25a 74 55 

43 15 273 

2-1 12 IB 

44 4.1 129 

<3 74 124 
54 34 144 
6 .T- 1.1 214 
-- 6 .. 24.7 
-- .. 35 

47 aa iE4 
34b 25 60.1 
E7 8.1 84 
44 44 104 
37 27174 

25 104 137 

.. .. 45 

15 23 S3 
14 15 9.1 
24 14 31.1 

54 &4 144 
29 34 12.1 
19 35 119 

13 30 149 
.. a .. 13 

18 94 112 

14 15 115 

19 7.7 34 
75 83 15.1 

24 54 155 
■■ ..118 
0.1 0.1 
OS 09 .. 
4 25 .54 
11 14 207 

11 19 245 

.. .. 17 

44 35175 
57 11 104 
24 24 174 

45 35 115 
34 34 214 











fTPS * Cmp 

182m TAB Store* 
Im 703 Crests 
6512500 TMD Advert 
1584500 Task Force 


9,1415m T<4Ch Como 
7,1*0500 TMaeanung 
118*500 TM Sara tat 
159m Tberoax 
474ta Therm SdertMc 


125m TM l 

1.86*500 Towagrade Sac 
95725m Trttm Promobon 
418m Tretchmwood 

Him Tr+on 

117m Tin Tea* 'A' 
17035m Ihd caramic 
83.*m Utd 
1577500 U« 

1023500 UMW . 
*444.000 Vkwptan 
15*2500 Wayne Kan 
45355m Wabbar 
24*1500 WMptt 

603m Wdtaa 
35135m WSTOka ten 
2591000 MBBam (rtm) W 
62Jte Whore 
125m Worn 
0421000 Worcester 

125m MS Q( Laaffiar 
11.0- V 
800500 : 


4411000 Yak anon 
74ium York Mom 
fifloiom Yak A EtpHy 
1460500' Da 8% 
1400.000 Zygal Dynamics 







- 81 


S 19 
200 * 

53 1.6 41.7 

25 .09 310 

16 7.1 95 

19 15 285 
19 17263 
05 13 217 

57 11 119 
75 18 12.1 
11 12 145 
39 37 123 

17 45113 

43 29 16 
.. .. 54 

28 29145 
39 12 9.1 

. . • . . .11 
45 17-129 
47 75 95 

10 35 23.7 
25b 17 24.1 


45 78169 
.. .. 817 

2.1 * 1.1 235 

12^ 8SS 

69. 15 223 
•77 9.1 AS 
45 -1JT42S 
21 14 113 

3.1 35 311 

7.1 64 115 

16 1.7 195 
39 44121 

11 9.1 17 

17 23217 
19 IB 273 

12 35 159 
79 15 22.7 
14 25 134 

199 04 64 
54 74 123 
+10 216 15 .. 
•-5 16 43 BS 

64 74 104 
14 44 145 
23 17 70 
33 11 128 
04 25 108 
740 18124 
35 25 223 
.. .. 354 

13 18 133 
25 05 685 

1.1 18 S39 
74 35 214 
35 23 172 
37 55 95 











• 2 ° 



• +2 
• +5 

• -2 




• -6 





23 15 209 
15 23305 

000 19 .. 
07 25 35 



Prca Cn go Grose D~ 
asi on a* YU 
Pretty vmMtgaeca S 


57.4m ArH* 

/ *01 Im ABanca 

10171a A mar Trust 
~ !0S5m Ang Anar Sac 
'■ 171 Im Alfetmc AssaU 
954m BTOun 
• 717m Berry 

2112a Brnaaia 
*3*e Br EmjWa Sec 
-. 27&*a Br tan 

. 02.7— Bnmrw 

„ ■ 1X?2m Corel 3 tad 
89.7m Ovseare Japan 
■*. 179m Derby he 

f. 209m Do Cap 

- 1143m Ortyron Cans 

277m Dreynn Fm- East 
. iaa*-i Dreyton Japan 

„ 33*1— Dundee Lon 

607- Edn Arner Asset 
V -4094m BTOiM 
■ 67.6m BwncTttn 

- English Ini 

- 7B7m Eimfedr Sere 
C 2060m Ensign 

“ 517m F AC ACanca 

. 1035— FAC Pac*c 

: 7314000 FV* CBSdDM 
1013m First Scot Amor 

— - FM Un Gan 





























35 34 22.1 

319 *9 38.1 

44 353*5 

19 25 517 

05 09 755 

39b 34*04 
13b 04 .. 

30 5J30.7 

0.7 21 *54 

21.7 *5 a* 

-8 aa 34 *55 

+10 314 35 311 

-II 05 02 . . 

129 84 111 

• -2 

• -17 

• -5 

• -4 



• -2 
















30.401 Flaming Cferrer IE 

305M Ftammg Grtag™* 3°5 

•L 1KB- FWinng Fa r QM 121 

118m Flamtag WW JW 

1044m Ftamtag Japan cm 

. 2263- FWmno Mmeantio 1« 

. ' 1809m FWnmg Ohmaas 

• 56 7m Ftamtag Tech 1J0 

89.4m FkTO UnhrareM 137 
r 4993d FOr C« . » 

- 676m OBC Capkal 38 

, 53Ai GT Japan TM 

k BO Ita Oarnret Rods 

t 57 im General Gam ^ 

■ 4lSn Otasgow Stock 1*0 

‘ 5753m GtoDe 11* 

t -m Sm Ooww «kn*c 

» 177 Dm Gored Onentti 'JJ 

o 2985m G&M8 Smagy 2*3 

• +2 






• +2 


146 13334 
15 19 .. 

14« 04 . . 

8-00 4.1 all 

09 09 707 

17 33 £1 

64 1.7 628 

85 33 411 

25 25 00.6 

25 25785 

28 24 61.1 

21 1.1 7S3 

01 1 -° 

135 17 30-7 

IT 14 17 
84 1.8 828 

7 A 11 36.0 
129 44 342 

14 14 .. 

35 27 317 
17 05 . . 

15 35405 

19 27 824 

13 22 80.1 

29 21 685 

2*8 25 644 

u ii»9 

VS 6 24 l?4 
54 45 293 
4 Db 11 *04 
U 1-7 81* 
11 2-1 WO. 

OptM a ton 

t Compmiy 

Price Cti'ga Gross Oar 
Obi on t9v ym 
F hdsy weak pence % P/E 

285n OkaanUar 
129m (keanam House 
07.6— Kmntnis 
01 On India Find 
50.1m kmrlfl * 
157.0m TO* Cap 
333m hwy 6 Stare 




24 07 .. 

1 85 22335 
84 35 404 

1015* KWrenrt O asas 
127m KMmron Stnaam 
526m Law Dtamure 
9*4m Lon JMrcn*nt Sec 
5* Dm Lon Tnm 

Ilian MatdtaMa 
assuror Matr* Lynch 
1021m Monk* 

1273m Munay 
TS8.7- Munay W 
Bi5m Moray 8rea* 
404m Mimy Ventura 
20JTO New Owl 

24.0- NwOlTOB tac 03 
494 m Naw Itanyo 
65 6m Mb ATOMIC Bee 

1010m auMcn 
1483500 NfAre. 

— - Do ww 
5426500 Personal Asaatt 

713-flkmr* Mare 


• +To 


1.0 .. 




24 732 



00 106 




02 .. 







ZB .. 

*.1 .. 



59 28.1 


• -* 


Ol 175 



04b SO 30.1 





15 700 


• -« 

0» 0&2&3 


7, In 45 3ia 




T2 .. 


1000 2j0 BOO 



51 200 


OA* 13 004 

• -0 


25 303 

* X 

75 174 

M* 05 .. 

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14 905 

0 3 



7.7b M 004 





13 952 





14 921 




O0b 55 3011 



45 30.1 


• - •- 

1017m Romnay 
25750m Roranta 



2*3 -3 

356 -11 
Ct4». +H 
145 .*43 
376 *5 

70 -1 
115 a -3 

7.1 20 515 

521 Sad Nm 298 

131.1m Second A9 an ca MO 

i*09m Sees tm a sconrei 88 

45b 34 403 
65 24 617 
25b 1*854 
SB 25 604 
321 73 35US 

-17 121 23512 
-7 74 24 554* 

•-17 2 A* 29 337 
-2 . 09 44 324 


C Company 

Pnca Ch'ng Graaa Or 
last an Oar YU 
Fnaay weak pane* % P/E 











126m Thnig Secured (tap 360 
742m Trans Oceanic 208 -4 


1044* TR dry « Lcn Did 1 09 
437.1m Tr tad 9 Qm 203 

724m TR Naum Has 122 

5JL2- TR North Amanca 91 

1113m TR PkWc BaM 162 

716m TR fVcpany 175 

218.1m TR Teen 101 

1511m TR Ihotaa* 173 

847- Teatpte Bar 1*8 











722m TMbune 
220m Tnptmesi 
iU5 Debar 

1994m I 

1795500 vtaua tac Tat 
116m Vtatag R* 
6*.0- W i ar pntd 


• -6 

20 25 645 
33 3B30.3 
A3b 55 2S5 
AT 28 428 
AB 18282 

25 25 484 

14 09 .. 

57 AS 385 

26 25 475 
AD 35384 
Alb AS 285 

1190 12 3*4 

AS 27 515 
10 28 404 
118 174 83 
93 U 575 

25b 74 194 
29 Afi 384 
18 18565 
15.1b *5 5*5 


10 -lm I 

Z714m ttuanri e Arrow 
107-2— Daay its* 
96.0m Da “A" 






14 24 315 

.. • .. 73.0 
55 *5 175 

705 A3 154 
705 A61A0 
55 12323 

43 34 115 
7.1 Al 1*5 
A3 34 129 
129 1-7 MO 

7.1 A* 8.1 


£21 'r -1\ 

t19'« - , t 

1*0 -2 
135 ta+2 
281 -7 

98 • .. 

374m Pi auMaiaa i 788 • . . 

lZOm Frost Gp 65 • . . 

1119m GT Management 185 -11 

319m Gantt JD 8 U} 133 -5 25 19 773 

1BB4m H*reTO*»AOU*i BOO +10 175 20 175 

7A3* ICH 158 -4 125b 75 18 

2105m MAI TO -rS 229 0.] as 

205 M 6 G 275 -10 Al U 33.* 

207 Jm Mgnmndta Han* 2fi* *-B 200 74 AO 

575m F**e irerTB 114 -4 A5 04 .. 

Da Warrants 21 -* 

453— SnMti New Onn 185 .. 105 Al Al 

foreign exchanges 



M Yortt 1.472S-1.4fl10 
Montreal 3hR3i -2-0659 
S!!^«3J03 VSM74 

Brussels 60.01-61^5 
C'php° n T10$M-1l.lK3 
oSSST 1.0695-1. 0K6 
USDon 211-52-21423 
«S IM. 49- 194 80 
M4on 2021 0-20*3 70_ 

Oato 10.6315-10^980 
WW 95735-9.6013 
SmMn 100075-100930 
Tokyo 2218M26 44 
VAenu 20 57-20.74 
fSn* 23582-^3896 
jSTOrthm tntm cotrewd W«1 1975 

mUM mbs 


I . 4780-1 -4770 

II. 14 97-1 1^640 






030-021 pram 
16-11 pram 


6 prem-20tfs 



3 m u mlre 







2 . 
9«r10 KM 
3-214 prom 


aSss?™*'" — 2^2^ 

Snuil owafij — —ft 7360-07460 • Canada — 

Cypftwpouno- 7^0.1280 S***" 

-+-.a J a Cyprus p™«-- 7(06043 1280 

gpr f Rntafrd rrartta 191KH95-B 7 NOraOS/' 

W Ofobcaoratfuiw. — T.lgSSiSgi OfinmyK — - 





Siid^ni=aflO* ASST "T- 15870-15875 

Braid era caoo - n+ocn-n 7*60 - Canada — g 



_ 1.601 5-1 .6030 
„ 25415-2^455 
„. 65000-65100 
„ 151.80-15150 


„„ Hl.10-1'4450 

Of MOB oracniTM ~ /gsifi. 1 1 4952 Oonman c 

into dinar . ■z-ZZXXX'i&a Netherlands — 

iroqomar . — ~~ nToflO-Q.4320 Neman 

Kuwait dflflrKO + 073 * .&7B91 France 

Mnlawsia 00637 aBJ *2,Tr I .liman . 

Malaysia «*ar ■ — iluo -1130 

MfflnfiODBSO '"Vi B71 -3 1192 

New ZMtwd doter 

Saw* AratJM ny5 **SSS?nsT HofigKWfl 

Sroflapore doto H^l2S35 PO/WS* 

South Africa land — spam — - 

U A E dvitam ... — — — 

'Uoyds Sank 

Rates oupdBcdfiy 

Bmdafa BBPk HOFWandBcW. 



Ctoaring Banks 10 
finance House 10 

□tacoumt UariratLororo % 

Owmfaht Hkrtc 9 Low7 


T7B»ory Bfl6 (DScowit ■*) 

2nmS 9% 2wS »4 
Smnth 9» • 3mnth 

PTOne Bank t»t 

imntn 8W-9W 
3mmh 9I45U 

Trade tm (Discount W 
tmntfiUHk 2mnttr 

3mmti 101k Bmntti 10^» 


1 week MS Bmnth IMP « 
1 mntfa 10-944 9 mnth 10»-1£ro 

3rmrth IO’ia-10 6 !* 12 mm lOH-KPia 

1 mnth 9* 3mnih fK 

6mnth9% I2mth 9* 


2 mnth 



7 days 

3 mnth 6<ita5 M ia 
7 days 1 ,, ib-4 , io 
3 mnth 4V4K 
French Franc 
7 days 8V3U 
3 mnth B 54 -754 
Swiss Franc 
7 day* 154-154 
3mnm 454-4U 

7 days 654-654 
Smffiti 5-4R 

can B 54-554 
Imrth BH*6 
Bmntti 654*6 
COB 54 
1 mntti 4"t*-l*i* 
Bmntti l ,, ie-4 l i0 
cal 754-654 
1 mnth 854*8 
Bmntti B-7K 
CO! 254*154 
1 mnth FwS^ib 
6mwh 45WS4 
CM 554-454 
1 mtrth Pro&n 
6 mntti 4 ls it/ l, ia 





s 102^104 jjoom5o-7aso> 

‘Excludes vat 


limth . 

6 mnth 1054-1054 

1 mntti 6.10-8105 
fltnmh SJ55-B.OO 

2 mnth 1054-054 
Bmntti 1054-054 
12 mil 9544% 

3 mnth 1014-10 
12mth 1054-1054 


12mtn 6^6-620 


Lest week: E97.8% 
Next wselcSI 00m 

■Ei 00m 
received: 71% 

, raoahwd:£i00 

wk £9.6257% 



Fixed Rote sterling Export -Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
inteftt*! period August 6. 1086 10 
Sepnmttier 2, ifiSfi nckoivo: a8M per 



The awful 
by Baker 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The biggest shock last week 
was the violent reaction of the 
bond markets to the rising 
mark and the dollar's fall 
below 2 marks precipitated by 
Mr James Baker's attempt to 
pressurize West Germany and 
Japan into more stimulator} 
economic measures. 

Tim December Treasury' 
bond futures, which dosed at 
94-/u on September 12, 
closed down a full point last 
Thursday at 93 22 /ai. 

Mindless fear of inflation 
'lay behind the violence of the 

When Mr Baker on Thurs- 
day said the dollar still had a 
long way to go down, and the 
dollar fell for the first time 
below 2 marks, the bond 
markets recoiled in fear (de- 
spite good economic news of 
low US second-quarter growth 
and the lowest rise in the GNP 
deflator — 1J8 per cent for 20 

p ^l Mr Baker now faces the 
grim option — what I called the 
“nightmare scenario" — that 
as the dollar collapses (as it 
must), interest rates wfll rise 
in America - there will be a 
finanrial panic — all to be 
followed by a recession. 

In my original conception of 
the “nigbtniare scenario" I 
imagined the Federal Reserve 
would impose the monetary 
brakes as the dollar went into 
a free falL I did not imagine 
the bond market would do the 
job for the Fed. 

So Mr Baker feces the awful 
prospect that as he forces the 
dollar down he will create a 
panic inside America, 
originating in a bond market 
increasingly terrified of infla- 
tion. The bond market panic is 
bound to spread to the more 
publicly visible stock market, 
precipitating yet another col- 
lapse in that market 
The bond market is 
approaching a shambles. The 
greatest fiwivwl market in 
the world is subject to every 
vagary of rumour, half-di- 
gested economic information, 
exaggerated fears of inflation 
and the expected economic 

Since August 29, the yield 
on the 10 -year US Treasury 
qote has risen from 6.93 per 
cent to 7.60 per cent and on the 
30-year cash bond from 7.20 

percent tp7 f 74 per cent. 

This rise in rates wiO bare. 
its effect in killing say inapt 
ent economic expansion. 

It will also have its doe 
effect in smashing stock - 
prices, whose level has been 
boosted over the past two 
years by rising p/e ratios, not 
by rising earnings. 

In an attempt to calm bond 
market fears that the Fed’s 
well-intentioned efforts to pro- 
mote a higher rate of economic 
growth would lead to damag- 
ing inflation, Mr Manuel 
Johnson, the Fed’s vice-chair- 
man, durkg the week in a long 
speed told the market that 
the Fed would in effect 
“pause” in its hitherto expan- 
sive policy. 

This had the effect of throw- 
ing the bond market into a 
lather of fear that the Fed 
would tighten op — something 
the bond market should sorely 
welcome as a step towards 
buttoning down the disinfla- 
tion that the bond market has 
benefited from so greatly since 
the middle of 1984. 

Even disregarding the bur- 
den of debt servicing costs 
being laid np for the future, the 
domestic impact of the current 
account dedfit in throttling 
economic growth is too great to 
be ignored, especially at a tune 
when the Republican Party 
feces loss of control of the 
Senate within two months. 

Either the West Germans 
and the Japanese wOJ have to 
make major changes in their 
thinking and actions, or the 
US wfll have to impose some 
form of sharp inhibitions on 
imports — import taxes, im- 
port controls or other such 
measures, supplemented by a 
tightening of Federal 
Reserve's domestic policy. 
Certainly the drive to posh the 
dollar down will not and 
cannot be arrested. 

Whatever course is taken, 
the US - and the world - 
feces a recession as the “grave 
imbalances” of which Mr Pte! 
Vokker, the Fed chairman, 
spoke in he recent se mina l 
speech to the Aspen Institute 
in Colorado are finally 


Time to patch up the 
global framework 

The generation of rising prosperity 
after 1945 was built on three prin- 
ciples of the world trading order: 
stable exchange rates, lubricated by 
liquidity in the International Mone- 
tary Fund; loans from the rich to the 
wanom and developing nations 
through the World Bank; and multi- 
lateral, non-discriminatory trade en- 
shrined in the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. 

Stable exchange rates outside conti- 
nental Europe have largely been 
abandoned. . Protectionist measures, 
abuse of Gati dumping provisions and 
bilateral trade deals have multiplied. 
And it is no accident that the decline 
of these two principles is responsible 
for many of the problems of the world 

The system came into being only 
because of strong leadership by the 
United States. America's leadership 
was matched by its generosity. And 
although Washington effectively con- 
trolled the World Bank (through its 20 
per cent shareholding) and the IMF, 
all had a say. The system has declined 
principally because America’s domi- 
nant economic strength was 
unsustainable and the most powerful 
country ceased wholly to believe in 
the principles. 

Hence, the US Treasury has succes- 
sively forced the dollar up through 
high interest rates to fuel its boom 
with foreign savings, and then forced 
it down with equal rapidity in an 
attempt to cure its trade deficit. Such 
moves are disruptive — if not so 
obviously as the oil price rises. 

And since adverse shocks act faster 
than sustainable growth builds, this 
process tends to reduce the growth of 
the world economy over a period of 

President Reagan has resisted the 
most sweeping congressional moves 
to protection, but the United States 
has still been a leader in trade 
discrimination and the growth of bi- 
lateral deals, often at the expense of 
developing countries whose debt bur- 
den was exacerbated by high interest 
rates and the high dollar. 

The World Bank, as its annual 
report issued today records, remains 
the strongest pillar. Loans to finance 
restructuring programmes, now al- 
most^a fifth of lending, are the most 
successful element thus far in the 
Baker plan to wean developing coun- 
tries from IMF-style austerity to 
necessary growth. 

But there have been a few ominous 
.signs- -The US, .for instance, opposed 
$1 billion . (£690 million) of World 
Bank loans to Brazil, ostensibly on 
quite reasonable environmental 
grounds. But the US also had doubts 
because some of the loan projects 
threatened to strengthen Brazil in 
markets the US itself desparately 
needs to exploit or defend. 

The US Congress could be the 
stumbling block to an expansion of 
the World Bank’s capital base which 
will be needed next year if its loan 
commitments, currently between 
$ 1 3.5 billion and $17 billion, are to be 
sustained above $14. 5 billion. The US 
also appears out on a limb in resisting 
continuation of the temporary “en- 
larged access” of developing countries 
to IMF quota loans next year. 

It would be wrong to paint the US 

as the villain in this piece. The rise of 
Europe and Japan was bound to turn 
the United States from the status of a 
noble patriarch lo that of a country 
sharing common cares. Both the 
European Community countries and 
Japan have been happy to follow iheir 
own economic self-interest, bend the 
rules to suit and rely on the United 
States to keep the orderly financial 
and trading system going. 

If that system is not to be tom apart 
by ever greater short-ierm financial 
fluctuations, policy cooperation is 
needed to restore more stable - not 
fixed — exchange races. Europe and 
Japan must accept a greater role in 
sustaining the system. Leading 
developing countries must accept that 
rising prosperity means losing special 
concessions. .And the American pubjic 
needs to be re-convcried to its 

The agreement at Puma del Este to 
start a new Gait trade round, while 
bom of unseemly haggling and brink- 
manship, could be an important step 
in the right direction. India and Brazil 
did agree to discuss services. The 
European Community, whose rood 
dumping is now the greatest single 
scandal in world trade, was dragged 
into discussing agricultural trade. 

U remains only a slim hope that the 
prospect of years of difficult negotia- 
tions will be enough, as the new World 
Bank president Barber Conable sug- 
gested, to stiffen the backs of US 
politicians against protectionist 

At the IMF meeting, the issue will 
be whether Germany and Japan ivilf 
do enough to stimulate their econo- 
mies to persuade the United States to 
drop the exchange rale war it is 
currently waging to stave off rapid 
economic adjustment at home. It 
would clearly be counter productive 
to engage in a disruptively large 
stimulus. But gestures would be 
helpful and Japan needs a domestic 
spending boost to help offset export 

Bui Japan should make its greatest 
contribution by providing more of 
World Bank aid to the poorest 
nations: by subscribing special funds 
to the Bank’s International Develop- 
ment Agency, over and above the 
$11.5 billion expected to be sub- 
scribed generally. Since it already 
subscribes almost as much as the US 
to this free loan fund. Japan under- 
standably wants a bigger 
shareholding. That would have to 
come from the US and will dearly 
need some tact 

This is not the moment to demand 
that the US/European hegemony over 
the international institutions be bro- 
ken and a Japanese be installed as next 
World Bank president It will surely 
have to come. 

For the moment however, it is vital 
to patch up the postwar system in an 
attempt to reintroduce some sense of 
stability. Growth in output and world 
trade may be lower than either the US 
or developing countries would like. It 
is much more important that all 
sections of the world economy 
achieve some sort of economic growth 
simultaneously for the first time in 
many years. 

Graham Searjeant 

Year to June 30. Final dividend 
Ausl8c (Auslfic). making 

Aus34c (Aus30c). Net profit 
AusSI 17_22 million or £49.25 
million (Aus$60.!9 million). 
Turnover AusS365.47 million 
(Aus$ 244.7 million). 

months to June 30 (figures in 
£000). No interim dividend 
(nit). Pretax loss 6.161 (890 
profit). Tax 87 (597). Loss per 
share 10.90p (eps 0.5 Ip). 

GARTH: Half year to June 30 
(figures in £000). No interim 
payout. Turnover 7.550 (8.872). 
Pretax profit 25 ( 35 loss), eps 
0.2p (0.3p loss). 

• TELEM ETRIX: No final 
dividend ( 1-lSp). making 0.6p 
(1.75p) for ibe year to July 6. 
Figures in £000. Turnover 
1 7,9 1 2 (20. 1 78). trading loss 1 96 
(4.916 profit), pretax loss 719 
(4.740 pft), loss per share before 
exiraondinary items 3.1p(!7.9p 

AMERICA: No interim divi- 
dend. Results for six months to 
June 30 (£000). Turnover 471 
(1.072). operating loss 370 (171 
profit). loss per share 4.04p 
f3.35p eps). 

Up (Up). Directors expect to 
recommend a final at least as 
high as the !.7p of last year. 
Figures in £000 for toe half year 
to June 30. Turnover 44,761 
(39.490). pretax profit 412 (394). 
tax 124 <8.1 J. earnings per share 
3.4p (3.7p). 


dividend 2p. payable on 
November 10. Results for six 
months to June 30 (figures in 
£000). Turnover 67.192 (60.1 67) 
and profit before tax 161 (313). 

tances received for a total of 
2.673.989 preference shares. 
80.39 per cent of those pro- 
visionally allot led. The balance. 
657.25 1 preference shares, allot- 
ted to sub-underwriters. No 
payment to provisional allottees 
not exercising their rights. 

group, best known for 
Budweiser lager, is seeking a 
listing on the London Slock 

dividend 5.68p(5.13p. adjusted) 
for toe half-year to June 30. It 
will be paid on Jan 6. T umoven 
£111.17 million (£106.64 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £6.21 million 
(£4.88 million). Earnings per 
shore 14.3p (13p. restated). 
The board says that the profit 
for toe full year is unlikely to 

show the same percentage in- 
crease as in the first half. 

• STOREHOUSE: Following 
completion of the moderniza- 
tion programme of Richards. 

toe Storehouse board has ex- 
ercised its option over the 
further 48 per cent shareholding 
in Richard Shops Holdings held 
by Morgan Grenfell. The cost to 
Storehouse of exercising this 
option is £127,000. Richard 
Shops has become a subsidiary 
of Storehouse. 

GROUP: Half-year to Match 
31. Turnover £209.58 million 
(£2 02.6 million). Pretax profit 
£1.57 million (loss £438,000). 
Earnings per share 2p (loss 


(subsidiary of Kenning Motor 
Group): Half-year to March 31. 
Turnover £1.44 million (£1.35 
million). Pretax profit £590.000 

ERIES: Half-year to July 5. 
Interim dividend I.47p (1.33p). 
payable on Oct 27. Turnover 
£43.74 million (£25.62 million). 
Pretax profit £4.76 million 
(£4.72 million). 

ditional agreement has been 
reached for the purchase of 
Ashdown Investments, the 
holding company of the Unwin 
International Group, for 1.6 
million new ordinary shares. In 
addition. Astra will assume 
responsibility for repayment of 
a £300.000 loan note. 

• JOHN LAING: Interim divi- 
dend 2.5p (2p). This increase 
does not necessarilv indicate a 
pro-rata increase fn the total 
dividend for the year. Figures in 
£000 for ihe half year to June 30. 
Turnover, including share of 
related costs 368.0(375.0). trad- 
ing surplus 10.4 (8.7) invest- 
ment income and interest 
received, less payable f.6 (2.5). 
pretax profit 12.0(1 1.2). tax 4.3 
(4.6). Earnings per share 14.2o 






01253 6876 


business and finance 



Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) , 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on September 15- Dealings end on Friday. §Comango day. next Monday. Settlement day October O. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. ■ 


No. Cmpany 



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A guide to 
career choice 


Fringe benefits for 
the right personality 

_TTie Edinburgh Festival offers useful opportunities. 
— jjMfa Mackay tells of her first-hand experience 

: night starts dewin' in. as Edinburgh 

‘ £££ LS? S d down ’ rich SS 

Si <t, for ». some * exlra P°“n<b in 

0 *^ 5 ^ 9? 1 y ^ occasional lone piper 
orenadra the passers-by in Princes Street 

SJJlS* lte ,he raIn washes the last of the 

aid ^J? vemenl drawin gs into a feint 
ana feded memory. 

Churches peel down theatre posters 

• and pews are resumed. And for the 
Hundreds of people who are employed in 

; numerous different areas of work, to 
: cope with the thousands of performers 
and tounsis during the Edinburgh 
restival it's back to university, college, 
or sits, vacant in the Evening News. 

Fro Edinburgh Festival Fringe, that 
began spontaneously in 1947 with eight 
..companies and had 494 companies 
taking part this year, plays a large part In 
■creating employment — often providing 
; an opportunity, a channel where creativ- 
ity, initiative and talent can flourish. 

Although the blossoming season is 
short, with the bulk of people employed 
Tor just one month or so, the experience 
- gamed is cherished and can often lead to 
more permanent work. 

I talked to Mhairi Mackenzie Robin- 
son, the administrator of the Fringe. She 
. works with her assistant Trisha Emblem 
an year round organizing and running 
the biggest show on earth. 

From April the team of two become 
four and by the time the Festival is in fill! 
swing the number of people involved in 
the administration expands to 60. “We 
get over 400 applications from all over 
the world from people who want to work 
for the Fringe - 90 per cent of the 
applicants are women. 

• “When men do apply they are often 
rather sloppy with their applications, not 
bothering to send in CVs, for instance. I 
would like to have a balanced team of 

■ men and women but it's not always 
possible. I've been in the Fringe office for 
nine seasons and it really does seem as 
though women are generally better at the 

“Women seem to have more initia- 
tive. something you need a lot of in this 
job. And women don't crack as easily 
under pressure - they just get on with the 
job. Often the job can be fairly tedious 
with' long shifts. 

“We employ people to do a variety of 
'jobs, ranging from ticket sales at tele- 
phone. postal and counter to informa- 
tion. Most of the jobs require a numerate 
ability and a good clear English. I also 
like people to know Edinburgh well. For 
instance, in interviews this year I asked 
people where St Mary's Cathedral is...” 

To which I. Edinburg her that I am, 
stared hopes already 
. thwarted for a job in next year's Frinjge. 
After putting the record straight Mhairi 

Fellowships & 



Research Fellows 

Applications are invited from graduates in eco- 
nomics for two posts of research fellow, which 
are available for two years. Applicants need 
have no previous experience in health econom- 
ics but must be prepared to invest in these skills. 
One of the posts is concerned with costing health 
care therapies and (he other win involve work 
on re habi Illation and the care of the mentally 

Salary will be within the range £7,055 to £9,495 
per annum. These scales are currently under 

Six copies of applications, with full curriculum 
vitae and naming three referees, should be sent 
by 6th October 1986 to Registrar’s Department 
(Appointments), University of York, Hesliiigtou, 
York YOl 5DD. Further particulars are avail- 
able. Please quote advertisement reference 
number 1/7143- 

Specialist Training 


We are recruiting experienced and Quanted 
Native Speaker - Language Trainer (TEFL) - 
J For a ciientin the Frankfurt Area. Apptamts 
(C. 28-46 Years) should have a solid back- 

German and possibly a current driving 
Trainers will be employed by EURO- 

ISSSoSSt ovH Srt photograph 





West Germany 

told me what she looks for in her staff 
“Loads of personality, zest, stamina and 
initiative. Most of the staff are students 
and graduates — but not all 

“There is no summer job quite like the 
Fringe — and an excellent one for people 
who wish to go on and work in arts 
administration, theatre, journalism, film 
making, publishing, etc. Our students 
have a variety of subjects between them; 
theology, biochemistry, history, for 
instance. It really isn't important what 
degree you have or don't have. As I 
stressed, it's personality that counts.” 

Mhairi is a psychology graduate. “I 
was always interested in the humanistic 
side of psychology and certainly now my 
job involves a great deal of contact with 
people. 1 feel that I’m able to do a job like 
this because I think I am a tolerant 
person and also able to handle poten- 
tially difficult situations weLL" She began 
her relationship with ihe Fringe while 
she was an Edinburgh schoolgirl, work- 
ing during the summer — proof of the 
foot in the door adage. 

But what of the front line squad — the 
performers? This year there were 6,000 
of them in 494 companies, performing in 
Edinburgh at more than 100 venues. 
Long before the show gets on the road, 
interested theatre groups are asked to 

University of Bristol 


The Uimenit? propose* to 
ro e h e sn .y ^ . m i em to i 
Chair in Den ial Cut (hr the 
EUeriy. Hut is to be a for- 
ward- looking post wnhraring 
a preventive approach to the 
dental inanaff n ie n t of the ri- 
duty and those with special 
Tjfrfil or df rt nl i pfyfK, 

Suitably enfidun 

are invited to s ubmit appHca- 
ijo» by 21st November 1986. 
Further particulars of the ap- 
pointment may be obtained 
from the RtgtMiar and Secre- 
taiy. University Senate 

House, Bristol BS8 JTH. 

Hie artist has a 
chance to get out 
and be recognized 

contact the Fringe office where Mhairi or 
Trisha will suggest that the groups visit 
Edinburgh and talk ideas, hopes and 
plans over with them. 

“We are here” Mhairi said, “to help 
people realize their ambitions. Bat for 
tilings to run smoothly depends largely 
on them. I’ve seen many groups come a 
cropper because they -were badly or- 
ganized. We ask fora £160 participation 
fee to cover administrative costs. 

“We will then insert the company into 
the Fringe programme, the daily diary of 
events and we will sell tickets for them. 
Deadline . for entry into the Fringe 
programme is May I.” 

The Fringe office will take Th per cent 
from ticket sales, and this is their 
survival money, along with grants; 
£18,000 from the Arts Council; £13,500 
from the district; and £5,200 from the 
region. Yet it is the art of survival that is 
becoming increasingly difficult for the 

Their little Royal Mile office is 
bursting at the seams, money is tight and 
the time has come to move — just a few 
yards up the road to bigger premises. To 

Capital tradition: Opening doors to 
talent and creativity 
help with the move the Fringe, a 
registered charity, is appealing for dona- 
tions. “We have already raised £1 1,000,” 
Mhairi said, “but we are still looking for 

The Fringe hopes it can continue to 
help make things possible for a lot of 
people. There are the administration 
staff and the performers, their entourage 
of helping bands and promoters, street 
criers and the like. 

But what about the talented, oppor- 
tune entity selling their wares and 
blowing their horns on the fringes of the 

From the hot seats of the Festival and 
Fringe offices there ripples outwards a 
healthy and inspiring wave. The artist 
within has a chance to come out and be 
recognized: to hang sketches on the 
Playfeir steps, play tribute to Beethoven 
or the Beatles, or to ply tempting tit-bits 
wrapped in wholemeal bread and 

Anyone can play a part in the festival. 
Set up your own small business for the 
price of a street trader's ticket (from £6 a 
day). At weekends during the festival the 
atmospheric Grassmarket area trades 
cars for bustling, colourful market stalls. 
Grandmother's clothes, antiques, arts 
and crafts, all sold to the tune of the 
busker’s guitar. 

Ventures such as this offer opportu- 
nities to anyone with a bit of get-out- 
th ere-and-do-i l . . and, of course, the idea. 
For it is there that the ball begins to roll 
like the idea of the Fringe — something 
alternative, experimental, open to every- 
one. Something to breathe out and laugh 
to after a day's dose of culture at the 
“official” Festival 

Born 40 years ago, the idea of light and 
late night entertainment has now grown 
into the biggest arts festival in the world. 
How would Macbeth look on the 
ramparts of Edinburgh Castle? Or could 
there be a market for tartan jewellery.^or 
tofu and seaweed toasties~or~? 


UMdk Cbmbr? WMefc C— «rT 
WMe* Q mfifica Bo n* ? 

MMl mi GiUmcc waMM to 

fc H p —I j ni p ro pl n 
mrbMuIBBir JbtM— M 

IMinwUitm liwliriwr 

• « ASOGtouccstErPtace.WJ 

• w • 01-935 5452 [24 hr*) 



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Native French Teachers — 
high Quality courses 


Term starts: 29th September 1986 


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MEMBER Of C1FE (Confmma lor MapanGnt Furttar Education) 


Rantfatan. Mnxta aoty and 
post Foundation (ra-jpjrtca- 
Oonj Coras. Places wadattfi 
to> 1988 start. 

The Blackheath 
School of Art 
01-852 3968. 


I The demand for the trained man or woman ettropodta In the 

private sector Is Incmashg. Most of the training necessary to 
quaSfy for a cSpkxna In embpody may be taken at home by wry 
spedafesed correspondence lessons followed by Ml practical 
turning. You are Invited to Witte tor the free booklet from 

to write tor the frae booklet 

209-212 Taunton Cent Bead 

n-aa GGia/i 


Ronsdon, Nr Lyme Regis Dorset. 

The following award* ere offered: 

JUNIOR (13+) 

(A) Eight academic schokrthlpe of value between 67ft 
and 30% of the fall fee. 

(B) One half fees armed forces ac bo fa ships 

(C) One half fees aUroonder scholarship 

la addtton ext ^ music scholarship* are availale 


Up to Six ww hwnin scholarships, one mode and one ait 
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Further derate may be obtained from the Headmaster’s 
Secretary (0297) 20444. 

University Appointments 

Leaders do the right things - 

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leadership an d POWE R 

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Eastbourne College is offering Academic and 
Music Scholarships of one-quarter Jees to 
boys and girls entering at Lower Sixth Form 
level in September 19tfr. The mramirMtori will 
take place on Wetfoasday. 12th and Thurs- 
day, 13th November 1986 -Ctosfog d ate fa r 
enfoes: 21st October 1986. Further details 
from: The Headmaster, Eastbourne College. 
Eastbourne, E Sussex, BN21 4JX. 



Anpicitais to rawed tor ths pact cri France Officer wtadi ail become 
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mtoerable fr ntatino banal plans MHwi the gndefenes ot unmraty 
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flnl ^BPT IfcmUr J| I 

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Chair off English 
Studies and 
Headship of 
the Department 
of English 
Language and 

Appkca&ons are invited tor the Char of 
. Enghsh Sflides and HeadsttooUf>e 

A Department of English Language and 
[\ Lfleralme, wfnch wiS become uacani from 

l 7 1 0ctober 1887 on the netsemeru of 

1*1 Professor J- T. Bouton 

\J Safafyn professorial range, plus 
[Pf supeiannuation. 
y| Further psrtictilars avvlabie front the 
1 Vrce-Chancelkw; University of 
| Birmingham. PjQ. Box 383, Blrmtogham 
| BIS 2TT, to wt?om applications 
I _ <15 copies: 1 from 

overseas applicants) , 

BHs should be submitted [paEH 
by 22 October 1986. 

An Equal Opponunmes 
■gV'Li r Employer 


Department of Physics 

Senior Research Officer - 
Theory of Electroluminescence 
in Semicooductors 

Applications are invited for the post of Senior Re- 
search Officer, for a period ot three years, to ^ 
participate in Professor BX Ridley's theoretical re- 1 
search programme on hot electrons, electro!- ! 
umrnescene. ami associated negative differential 
resistance instabilities in ZnS and ZnSe devices. The 
programme will include the development of computa- 
tional, models using Monte Carlo techniques and it 
will explore new realms of hot-electron physics. It 
forms part of a national programme based upon a 
collaboration between several major industrial and 
university laboratories (JOERS). 

Applicants should have a Ph.D. or equivalent 
researegh experience, preferably in solid-state 
pohysics or enpeerira, and be familiar with com- 
putational techniques. The salary will be on Range IA 
(£8,020 - £9,495 per annum, under review) according 
to qualifications and experience. 

S tatons (three copies), indodrag a curriculum 
! aid toe names and addresses af two refer- 
ees^ should reach toe Registrar (R/472/T), 
University of Essex, Wives boe Park, Colchester, 
C04 3SQ, by 16tt October 1986. 


Department of Physics 

Senior Research Officer - 
Theory of Quantum 
Semiconductor Physics 

Applications are invited for the post of Senior 
Research Officer, for a period of two years, to 
participate in Professor B.K. Rkfley’s theoretical 
research programme on electronic and optical 
processes in semiconductor quantum wells and 
superiattices. The post is funded by the U.S. 
Office of Naval Research. 

Applicants should have a Ph.D. or equivalent 
research experience, preferably in sofid-state 
physics or engineering, and be familiar with j 
computational techniques. The salary wHI be on 
Range IA (£8,020 - £10,865 per annum, under 
review) according to qualifications and 

Applications (three copies), mciuding a curric- 
ulum vitae and the names and addresses of 
two referees, should reach the Registrar 
(R/473/T), University of Essex, Wfvenhoe Park, 
Colchester, C04 3SQ, by 16th October 1986. 



Applications are invited from men and women 
graduates wishing to undertake research in Eco- 
nomics, Politics, Sociology (including some 
aspects of Social Psychology). Recent Economic, 
Social or Political History, Industrial Relations, 
Management Studies. Public and Social Adminis- 
tration, International and Public Law. To be 
eligible candidates must be not more than five 
years beyond graduation or at a comparable stage 
in their academic careers. The Fellowships will be 
for two years only. Particulars and forms from the 
Admissions Secretary. Applications by 1 Novem- 
ber 1986. 


Allied Irish Banks 
Visiting Professorships 1986 

Appfcattoas ate invited from senior scholars and holders of 
santor appointments at industry and commerce tor Vfehng 
Proiassorstiips ot fro Untvaray estabkshed Ihroogh a donation 
to trie UrtvBfssSy Development Appeal Oy the AOed Irtsn Banks. 
Soma additional awards are fi n a nced by the Univarsity. 

Then awards are particUartir intended to tester contact with 
and commerce and candidates should have estabfcshed 
m their fields and be prepared to contribute to the 


Applications from suitably qualified and experienced 
candidates are invited for the 


wlwhfias fanan vacant through die resignation of 
Prolessor AB. Wilkinson. 

Funner particulars from and applications with c.v. 
(t3 copies) and die names of 3 referees to: 

The Personnel Officer, 

The Uni ve r sit y. Dundee, DD1 «flt 
Please quota ref: EST/20/88-T, 

Ctomg date 30th October, 1986. 


Nuffield College intends to elect to one or 
two research posts for a five-year inter-dis- 
ciplinary study of franchising to be funded 
by Coca-Cola. The aim is to examine the 
capacity of franchising to facilitate focal 
capital formation ana the international 
transfer of know-how and relevant skills, 
with some emphasis on the legal and eco- 
nomic issues of the franchise relationship. 

The posts envisaged are one senior part* 
time and one junior frill-time, but the 
College is not committed to this pattern. In 
the senior range a successful candidate will 
be elected to a Fellowship unless, in the 
part-time case, already a Fellow of an Ox- 
ford college (when the election would be to 
Associate Membership). A more junior can- 
didate would be elected to a Research 
Felllowship or, in the first instance, as a 
Research Officer. 

The College's salary scale (effective since I 
April 1985) for full-time Research Fellows 
reaches the maximum of £16.760 at age 41. 
A housing allowance is payable to a full- 
time Fellow or Research Officer who does 
not have living accommodation in College. 

Particulars from the Admissions Secretary, 
Nuffield College, to whom application 
should be made oy letter, with statement of 
qualifications, curriculum vitae, and list of 
publications, by Wednesday 8 October 



Applications are invited for the temporary post 
of LECTURER in the Department of Electrical and 
Electronic Engineering supported by Funds from 
British Telecom for a period of four years. Candi- 
dates wilt be expected to be suitably qualified, and 
to have had postgraduate experience either in in- 
dustry or in a University in one or more of the 
following tele- 
communications Systems 
Signal Processing 
The application of I KBS techniques 

Preference will be given to candidates ki these 
areas although consideration will be given to well 
qualified candidates with a research interest in any : 
area of electronics. 

Salary will be at an appropriate point on the | 
Lecturers salary scale. £8,020 - £15.700 per annum ! 
according to qualifications and experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the ! 
Senior Assistant Registrar (Establishments) (FJP.). i 
The University, 6 Kensington Terrace, Newcastle ! 
upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, with. whom applications (3 
copies) together with the names and addresses of 
three referees should tie lodged not later than 17th 
October 1986. 

Department of Social Science and Humanities 

Psychology Division 


Applications are invited for the post of lec- 
turer in Social Psychology, for an initial 
period of 5 years, commencing 1st January 
1987. Responsibilities will include teaching 
on the single honours Psychology degree ! 
and on joint courses in the social sciences. 
Interest in the social psychological aspects 
of health care would be an advantage. 

Salary will be on the scale £8,020 to 
£15,700 per annum. Plus £1,297 per annum 
London Allowance. 

Further dgtfrifc and application forms are 
obtainable from the Academic Registrar’s 
Department, The City University, 
Northampton Square, London EClV OBH. 

Tel- 01-253 4399 Ext 3037. 

Closing date 14 October 1986. 



Applications are invited from qualified men and 
women for two temporary posts in the Adminis- 
tration of the University. The posts, which will be 
full-time and for three years in the first instance 
starting as soon as possible, air suitable for per- 
sons wishing to obtain initial experience of 
administrative work in higher education. The 
applicants should possess a degree or equivalent 

Salary scale: In the lower pan Qf grade IA of the 
national scale for administrative staff (£7.055 - 
£12,780, under review) plus membership of 

Send self-addressed, stamped envelope (approx 
9** x 6") for further particulars and application 
form to: 

Brian Clear, Personnel Office, 

Sussex House, The University of Sussex. 
Fainter, Brighton, BN1 9RH. 

to whom completed applications should be 
submitted not later than 17 October 1986. 

Department of Anatomy and Embryology 




Applications are invited for the post of Re- 
search Assistant to work on a project on Age- 
related Factors in Bone Cell Biofo^y. 
Experience in cell culture is essential for this 
appointment which is available from October 
1st for 26 months. The salary will be on the RA 
IA scale, according to age and experience, with 
a maximum. initial salary of £13,437, including 
London Allowance. 

Applications with c.v^ details of research ex- 
perience and the names of 2 referees should be 
sent to: 

Dr S J. Jones, 

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, 
University College London, 

Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT. 





Appointment of Head 

The Governors invite applications for the appointment of 
Head of Kimbolton School, to succeed Mr. D.W. 
Donaldson MA, who will retire on 31st August 1987. 
An ex Direct Grant School, Kimbolton School is now fuJJy 
independent and coeducational with 640 pupils 8-18 
(250 Day Girls 350 Day Boys 40 Boy .Boarders). The 
School is in membership of the Governing Bodies Asso- 
ciation and the Headmaster is a member of the 
Headmasters’ Conference. 

Application forms and further particulars can be ob- 
tained from: 

The Clerk to the Governors, 
Kimbolton School, 



Cambs. PE18 OEA. 

Telephone: Huntingdon (0480) 860505 

The closing date for applications is 
Monday, 13th October, 1986. 

Prep & PubUc Schools 



This answers your 

The 1986-87 edition / 

of ‘Choosing Your I /i 

Independent School* — mb!.- 
the official ISIS guide Lj* 

to more than 1,350 K 

independent schools is 
now available from 
bookshops and. 

National ISIS, 

56 Buckingham Gate, 

London SW1E 6AG. 

Cost £3.50 plus 50p postage and 

ISBN 094 845201 3 


(A School of the Woodward 
.. Corporation founded 1860) 


The Northern Chapter of the Woodward Cor- 
poration invites appBcattons from weH 
experienced graduates who are practising 
- communicants of the Church of England, ter 
the above post from April or September 1987. 

The School is an Independent Senior. Day 
School for 900 boys incorporating a Junior 
School and Kindergarten. Girls are admitted 
to the Sixth Form. A house attached to the 
School is provided. 

FuD details of the School and form of applica- 
tion are available from' the undersigned, to 
whom completed appBcattons should be 
forwarded, together with a curriculum vitae 
and the names of three referees, before 17th 
October 1986. 

1 Prudboe Terrace, L Knox, 

Tynemouth. Ohffcfcral Bwsar. 

wvtti Tyneside, NE30 4EZ. Telephone 091-257-8786 . 

L Knox, 

Orvfcforal Bursar. 

Telephone 091-257-8786 

The London Borough of Enfield 


Haselbwy Road, . 

FOUNDED 1424 • 

N9 9TN 

(U30 Bay* A GW* 300 in tW Start (n) 

ReqnRed IbrW l«7 DIRECTOR OF MUSIC (Scale 4). tar oh 
brte Volomary Aided. Co-cdacaaoaiJ Grammar SebooL The School 
has an oatsuDdna mmol intfinon. Ttee are three man orcbean*. a 
dumb er orchestra. four d m i t and many imafler enserabta. The 
School's cbois and ordonas perform widely in Britain (iadafi* 
leJevisoa anxaiaBces aad Schools* Proas) *ao udertafce continent,) 

tdeviaoa mannas aad Schools 1 Proms] aad undertake co orinenu J 
tows. SdMtardaps to Hitt the meal edocanon oTpapis are ranted 

Farther deaSs of die post are avmbUe from die School and 
■ooliauioas by letter to l&e Headmisier endosraaa_aaTtadnm vine 

and Mines of it lean rao referees should be reserved by W«toe*i»y. In 

October 1936. 

42 %, 

Prep 8 



w ip es school? our couraH- 
Hno la ITN ana oMtctive. Coree 
and see US • Tru man a 
KnigMey. 76 Nonin0 HD 
wi i. tp. Qi.787 xasa-rm. 


maths n statistics Turnon 

by MA. (CamM for OCT 
oxbrWgr entrance sod 1 st yr 
unit work. Trt: Ol w A3SO 

Hie Lady Eleanor Hotter 

Hampton Middlesex 

Appointment of 


The Govemore of Crippkptte Schools 
Foundation wish to appoint a successor to the 
present Bursar who is to retire at the end of tee 

will be expected to take up the appointment 
from 1st April 1987. . 

Candidates should preferably be between the 
ages of 35-50 years and have a wide experience 
of finance and admmistraiioiL, 

Farther particulars and detailed job 
description may be obtained from the' Clerk to 
the Governors, Crippfagate Schoeb Fomda- 
tioa, 87 Worship Street, Data EGA 2BE. 

The dosing dafee for apptieattoas is Thars- 
day lfite October 1964. ■ 

Central School of Ballet 

invites applications from teachers of cl a s s i c al 
ballet with expeteoce of teaching tee Russian 
Training pro gramm e and 'preferably who are 
graduates of tee Leningrad Academy, "for 

Please write f® the Directors; 

Central School of Ballet, . 

10 Herbal HID, OerktmwdX Road, 
London ECIR 5EJ. 

Suffolk m ssg 




Senior School 
(Boarding 8s Day) 

35 Sixth Form Girls 
(Boarding A Day) 



experience for Fifth and 

The post may suit an energetic pe»°® 

takingearly retirement from industry or 

cSaM/with contacts, 

ability aS a desire to work with young 


For further details, please contact The 
Headmaster, Bishop’s StortfMd^CoUege, 
10 Maze Green Road, Bish<^ Stortford, 
Herts- CM23 2QZ, (0279 57911). 


Appointment of Head 

This important position becomes vacant at nw www 
the academic year 1986/87 on retirement of the 
reesant Headmaster. The Dean and Chapter seek to 
appoint a qualified teacher, probably a university 
graduate, who is a communicant Anglican (by or 
ordained) with experience of teaching tee relevant 
age group, and a commitment to and love of the 
English cathedral choral tradition. 

Full details are available from: 

The Registrar, 

The Chapter House, 

St Paul’s Churchyard, 
London EC4M BAD 

. to whom applications are needed by 25th October. 


Assistant Lecturer to take up appointment on 1 
October 1987 or such earlier date as may be 
agreed. ■ 

Further information may be obtained from the 
.Secretary of the Appointments Committee for 
tee Faculty of Law, dd Syndics Building, Min 
Lane. Cambridge CB2 1RX, to whom applica- 
tions (one copy), indikflng a curriculum vitae and 

tee names of two referees, should be sent so as 

to reach him not later than 21 October 4986. 



A superb opportunity to join one of the 
country’s leading public relations con- 
sultancies. They are regularly in the news 
and constantly winning new business. 
Their young very charming chief execu- 
tive seeks a well prese n t e d and very well 
organised secretary /PA to join him. Lots of 
responsibility as you set up and attend 
meetings, organise his office, meet clients 
and get totally involved. Benefits include 5 
weeks holidays. 90/55 dolls and WP ability 
needed. Plane telephone 01-240 3551. 

* Elizabeth Hunt - 

Recrelmenf Consultants / 

23 College HB London EC4 y/ 


PA £11,000 neg NO SH £8,000 ! 

Tins B to Hull with On W3 at A bright bubbly swj at n y is 1 
fas snail tandy W.l based waned by 2 executives in fas 
c onsu tancy. You wB need excel- Wi Conpwy. You will need 
but co mne ia ca tton stalls, be pood t/prig, WP exp heipfuJ plus 
fata to dsat witfi pMpfe at elf (nafatty to deal with cfeents aid 
fends plus have the atxtty to supplars etc. You «A get every 
timtte a hgh degree of anirtn. opponutity to use year mtofave. 
Good SH and typos. Aged 7A- Good pnOM pnfaKta fet tfc- 


01 629 7938 


Styfish, charming reception- 
ist with a knowledge of the 
awm in ment woW tor 
leading theatrical produc- 
tion co. Accurate typing. 

q HMfl 

Film Publicity 

Major feature film company 
need a str ong, vivacious 

PA/Secretary.Xots of con- 
tact with fi&Ti btz big wigs. 
CfS .OO P. 


Appear on page 25 

V 1C 

Wc require a Secretary /PA with WP apmcncc (IBM 
PCTSamna). to asm in all aspect* of our new Rcndenua) 
Lruints Depannicni dealing with presugnai properties in Cfco- 
uil London. 

AppticaiTtt mas he well spoken with good aeoctnrfnl doth and 
able lo woifcon own initiative An attractive remuneration pack- 
age will be offered to the snesenfid ca n di date . 

Please apply in writing ta 

Mrs P Bird 

Group Personnel Officer 
Bei gy r y F f |hi» Agents 

16 Park Road Regents Park London NW1 3PS 


WP skis, do sb or audio. Smal I firm ctoss Green Park. Age 27- 
35 ps. Salary to £10500. 


Approx 50% research work. No sti nec. MdtiMate WP wi 
treo. Rafale horns. WI. Age 22+ to £10.000 + Boos. 

Approx 60% Accounts. 40% sec. No sh. Use Wang & Lotus 
ftrammg green) Age 30+ (£10,000. WC1. 


01-377 6433 


Rat Coot 

Good wi vdwnwgv. 

pnlwiwL SWwy OjOBJ m*. awfii - 
Par IBWIWV MHpt— «■ 

Traneg wi WP. tkwg htnet 



01-837 8525 

Ree Cone 


Experienced Asssiant for 
Author hi Hampstead, top 

c£13,000 pa . 

: New London office opening in 
EG4 of young dynamic law- 
yers spKHftsng b corporate 
deals, mergers. aquteJdons 
and tea-overs. A well pre- 
sented appheant (25-32) with 
good secretvte sidte aad 
co mme r cBJ knowledge to 
work for Sereor Partner end 
assist in the setting fa and 
future development of the 

TefeptMB 4SMOB 
Sam W » rmmml IN. 

S3 SL Gewpa aw. WI. 

£9,500++ SEC/PA 

Yaap bet nptrewmd pwsm tor 
PR atMtsaig dtoson of femora 
C«. Must be vewtfa. calm wtwi 
into pressure. Cope wee eawv 
swa ba ara .nduttno Press 
imcmqs. cortarmew aid cam- 

CfHOinE Kino 

EJUHHK6 £11,000 pa? 

An pperanad aeoefay wbh WP sta te wtti p Pw C areBna Kfe p 
tBreporey town can «p nct to «w n to excess of toeabow.wtea 
vftjoyinQ a vartMy of neigi awntona ay N Lxrton.YW jfa o 
hare i great -demand tx pcefan t jlMitta nd. ypy 

state. Kr fetephooa Brenda Stewart for an bonreSate 

miiamA 46 Old Bond atrwt. WI 




Small but vowfep Advcntsine -Mracy m Ontea requires es- 
perMnccd PA/Secmiry for Manapnp Diredor. Eredlcot 
opport u nity for someone lootaop for an nueresdua opening an 
inisexciting fiekL Word mooess u gej ip a i erKeesrenUta.Agener- 
ocb salary will be paid io the ngtn appBca&L . . 

Contact Alison Sowerby 

01-351 3911 . 

No Agmcfea 

TO D.M. 

for international Commure- 
catrans Company in City. 
Requirements: Good S/H 
typma initiates to create 
own responstoifaes and 

*®ng to be (Wegafed to, 
and to delegate. Age appro* 
35. Salary £7-110)0. - 

Reply tfi BOX F09. 



rpqtilrad to work tor . 
• - -— ■< . 
soono iihuuiiuiii . 

team ‘of Knl gh t sb rittoe 
Estate Agree* Audto 
and Oeanatfr word 

pro ces gj M praWqgtf 
requireri): £7,9000 pj. 
plus bonuses and 
review Id January- 








Required for partner 

n,-,- martlnui 

‘Shady, moving to new 

".offices. penthouse .- 

floor. Hotand Parte. 

Bread experience and 
".a*dPapMQ0/6° .. 

Safety gBgefBaOQ - 
fiaSOQ/Age group 

TELD1 7226611 



E7,7%0 + ^months rev + 5 sake hols + 
Muna/sotarium/jactizzi + bar/rnsteurant. 

NO, . This ieot n holiday advertisment that has 

prospects: T8-22 

Susan Beck R 0^584 6242 




Good Secnrtarywfth 6 
months ropeoence to. 

work in PR Dept of West 
End Co. Extrovert and 
nextow tnspostnon 
essential to assist 
exhibitions section. Abfity 
to deal wfth PR queries 
.on telephone together 
with a good speaking 
vole*. 50 wpm typing 

(Bat Con). 

22 South MeMM SL 



-Ideal opportunity for z con- 
scientious and dedicated 
secretary to d e m onstra te 

-,r*. . ; 

5 ^ : r>. v - *?, **■ •* * .-v* 

':* r 

jl WW-c ■ ■ 

Si l Hil ; 

tA * T ' 

fir; :: ■ 


liniqu* openkig lor entarpris- 
tap sac to put creetive sfcflte 
and ideas to lira wsKIFtib 
tovofvement and excefent 

Please phoaa Claira 
01-602 3012 <• 
SWfelan Roc Caa&i. 

. THE?3S^: r n^ 





^ further details 
. TEL: 01-481 4481 


•- .'f ■ ■ juul. i Awl ii .wre t! 

l - • — , . .„..._ 



. .. • • » : * 
. i » f 1 Jj 

! A :, •■* 

(M-Fj LT % 


bond street 


£" *" to TOKng 
™ .two directors in- 
vo *wng aU-nuad PA 

w * r ^ organising them 
”*®*s of admin «n| 
rosty shorthand. Good 
4eoce of humour es- 
sential! Very young 
“Of! company, hard 
•oik but fia atmo- 
Age 24+ with 
experience. £\ 
L.V. i per day. 

of Bond St 

"fcvhrwii Cooiwtanrs 

Si ■■ H *■»*■* Fw-w^d 


Ojm mg 

Thtt young go-ahead 
consultancy rnrnpany 
needs you if yon have 
fa* Accurate typing, 
8°na appearance and 
telephone manner. You 
should have «nm» of- 
fice experience and wQ] 

be working for one of 

titc partners and his as- 
oom. Age 22-30 5 
weeks holiday. Free 
lunches- Free B.UJPA 

of Bond St. 

L nacnatmaniCeBCuttaots . 

1 1 i ii liMWpWtTt -^- a_ Li.. , | 

** n i 


* i-'.' 7 

1 i L • - 

■ • ■ ” w 


" to £10,090. 

One of tha founder Direc- 
tors and the Head of 
Marketing of this Nghly 
Professional . corrv&ny 
are looking for a top 
aass secretary. The 
org an is a tion is involved 
jn counsaffing and frefp- 

Ing redundant executives 
so you wfll need to be ap- 
proachable and even- 
tempered on the one 
band but htahly compe- 
tent and efficient an the 
other. This to an interest- 
ing and involving position 
for the right camfidata. 
No shorthand but good 
aucio and W.P. experi- 
ence. Age up to 40. Free 




■kto- 01-329 SSZSw^fl 



£9 An 

This leafing company of 
lawysrs seeks a flexible 
secretary to work in their 
prestigious offices in 
London's West End. You 
must have a coot head to 
ride the hectic environ- 
ment which is part of the 
general busy atmosphere. 
Lots of ten. ExcsHsnt ; 
benefits. Skflts audio 60 


01x589 4422 





n j m 

ff you enjoy a ten envfion- 
ment where you will be 
totally involved in the day- 

of^ wrier? promotional 
prospects ae exceSentfof 
furthering voir career and 
attractive benefits offered, 
this codd be the station 
for you. You wiU need 
10 0/B0 speeds and a wit- 
ingness to turn your hand 
to most tasks. 

01-699 4422 



w ecsick «aRK£' ! 


$*»,*-.* * - •_* 


DIRECTOR'S PS e 14.800 

Tte ifeectar of ttte renwed 

ngtt hand SH/Sac/PA. You wfl to botafl a tte 4 lit rtatilaW h a ia 
exned you to Ok Mri irwrivad. Hg nseds sonatody who can hold dawi 

Start vten to » away- He "f «“ 2? * L2?° 

vow own nteM and tew rienly of raspowMty. ioo/bo - zz+ - 

SOS PPP ■ * bote. 


TM rttmftonal Co wte dais wtt idHop ■jwtjw ra*j2,“ 
looby tor a amtatent and nohia Pft/Ssc 25 + who c an Wnk and att m 
then own irtotm Tlwas Ms at tetorttas tetton to iMwte to te 
—if owenad and people wwa nite. Yai ago Jy ctenrawfr kwdwg 
with research and "for maton 

(100/501 together wth a wk yitt to oeconre hvqhred and oka on 
resgonsatoty. LV • Bupa ■ STLS - 4 «8 hob. 

01-930 8207 

PLIHi ts‘ 


4.,.. i. :?•' 

Secretarial & Wordprocessing Recruitment | 

temporaries controller 

<£12,000 + 


Are you smart, kiteffigent with a w£B to succeed in a 
dynamic career? . 

wSSted in a 

Sir career please phone Marilyn Tasker, Area 

Alfred ^ cnl S n Sl5 mStmant8 

i5i l 2ssrjr‘ 


I f 

;v 1:; 

/ rfi 1 . 

/; \ / t * 1 ‘ 

tVP * 1 


Small management conwlmcym W1 


5ss55s£— *- 

Contact Sue: 


If re ibia expanding 
i co m p an y sdhng top- 
cf-thc-angc products 
for office interiors 
needs you. Your day 
anil be divided be- 
tween oniridiug 
seemarial asostaoce to 

two young executives 
and tool sales back-up 
in helping with diems 
and 3U nlCS admin. 
Age mid-20's. 

of Bond St. 

Raontota tCnntnlanto 

b Hi SS taad dHRMFimU/^ 




A tiB-u» r ece prioui p is 
requited by a very .up- 

mmea emte agency m 
Mayfair. They have lots 
of style and are booted 
in be autifu l offices. 
,£250 dotfateg alkmnce 
to enahle yon us comple- 
ment their very smart 
reception. Yon will greet 
their ?wy important cli- 
ents. Switchboard red 

of Bond St 


: to is MtouMg/ 


PubBstteg - T7.BW 

UM estaMshad (Kddtewr 

needs a bright sacretay to hai- 
^ te* idoiai content and tats 
» font a n re ge m e rew Lan- 
useful, tewata typing 
at 45 wpjn. 

«*n mmsom 

£&PQD-M-- FaWous offices 
red the opportunity to team a 
great deal about the fast mov- 
«o world of high finance. Good - 
safety + free lunch + tsfce- 
vaarty bonus + BiiFA Skins 

PA £7.500 

The fivety PA department of 
an irtemadonal company mods 
a bright person who Is satiafly 
confident to become involved 
with organising feme soot 
everts. Safis 90/55. 



ter a bright ccunsrura- 
cator as assistant to the 
POnonnd/OfBce Facil- 
ities Maurer of this 
go-ahead WTi computer 
: consultancy. Your do- 
j ties wfll indude die 
i h o ok i ng of an coufer- 
enen zooms, reenrit- 
ment of tempomy 
staffi looking after the 
busy reception area and 
some 40/50 wpm tap- 
ing. You will need to be 
a self-starter and have 
the afeEty to mamMy 
staff effectively. Age 
24-27 maxim nm . 

leab the team 1 


£ 11,000 

Shorthand an advan- 
tage only as PA to the 
partner of ™«ll t 
professional firm in 
W.l. A lot of invohre- 
ment with organ wing 

Of ftirif ffj pim nrvt char- j 

xty e ve n t s etc. and the I 
ability to lead a small 
secretarial team. Exc- 
ellent typing and w.p. 

1 experience vital. 
Friendly, outgoing 
personality and flex- 
ibility to help oat. 



We are looking for a further Secretial Re- 
cndtmmt Executive to join us as part of our 
expansion prograimne. 

The supcesshi appfleant wffl have a profes- 
sional approach with at least two years 
current consultancy experience. A proven 
track record of placing either permanent or 
temporary office staff is essential 

This position wffl attract a person with In- 
dr/kfaiafity and who has the determination to 
succeed, but has not yet been given the 
space to do sa 

A high remmeration package is guaranteed. 


95 Mwydl London WC2 B 4JF. Tet 01-242 0785 JHk 

:• BVBfllogs (SHOpm) D ^ Q4583A - .: 

Why settle for less 
than the best agency? 




throughout tie waiter 

• the pick of the best assgrmrtisinLonion 

After a&wecDuldritseak far less than tfefet 
so wfy should you? 


assignments on 01-43 9 060b»<E®K. ^ Vga/fm / ) 

3rtPtootQVTtagUm House. VWUBk 


Pteirek Refleol PL above Itieiti ARncaya] 



Ago 25+ Salary £9,300. 

FT Business tufo n reita n to tacking lor an asaWart to vrerk ter 
Dvb Director ot Coniarancss and Business Wormatlon Sanrlcos. 

Isvsl expsrionw and be abto » coiwiurtcaw anoanwy wan 

sartor psraonnrtL • 

Lunchacm vouchers, 90 psn« per day. 5 wreaks hoiday rtaMg w 
8 weeks rttar 2 years' sarvice. 

V you are Intarasttd prtaw sand a Ml CV toe 

Stm Bevaa 

/ — * Pnsoeiief Officer 

■/BT r ^*W ^ Badness Information 
/* ' Greystoka Pface 

nrrt / em* m ■ 

7 Tet 91-405 6369. 

(No Agencies) 

P.A. - £13,000 

As PA to the most senior man in this 
large we9 known group your skill and 
ability to arrange Important, social, 
business and sporting affairs wilt 
come to the fore. You must be a con- 
fident communicator who can Bai'se at 
every level & oversee the daily run- 
ning of the executive suite. 100/50 

Call 588 5081 

Middleton Jefias 


Challenging and good career opportunity for a committed and ambitious 
person as PA/Secretary to the Director of this busy and highly motivated 

The duties of the Department are to communicate internally and with a 
wide range of associated and outride companies and organisations the 
day-to-day developments and events which contribute to the Parent 
Company's dominant position and continued growth in the newspaper 

The appointment wiU appeal to someone is their mid 20*5/30*$, person- 
able and with good shorthand and other modem office skills: able to 
identify with and adapt to a wide range of duties and the all p$$gnria1 
ability to get real enjoyment and satisfaction from their work. 

For further details of salary etc please telephone 01-353 6000 esL 525. 

About £42,50 * 

Manpouwtokes core fo assign its 
tempofarios tor ttiair sirilfc. taersonoltty, 
and type of work So we poy 
ocaxSn&y. Asa proper ec®cuflv© 
secretary wen ask you to cope wilh i 

asdgnmerfclha! will payyou upwards 
of 9«p mom a weefcthan a quafifled 
competent auc*o typist. And Doth gat 

L rejMRWnW^WI 


Tmporarf Staff Specialists 

But tts oudta fyptf is sta wen paid 
andean use our tree Skill Dentopment 
training to moke progress, tf ycuTe a 
temporary high flier, thars now well 
pay you; it not yet, well nefo yaj 

fob to us about pay ...and all 
the other benefits. 

Cafl us now: 


Tel: 225 0505 

fthouransweiing Sttfv-ca 


£11,000 + Bens 


Lively, hard working, enthusiastic secretary, 
with a sense of humour, required for 
dynamic Company Chairman. Some 
knowledge of computers, word processors, 
VAT and PAYE helpfhL Good salary. 

St James’ Park office. 

Please apply in writing with CV to: 

Mrs Susan Burt, 

28 Queen Anne’s Gate, 

London SW1H 9AB. 

01-481 2345 


£1 0^00 ^20+ 

ante L Crete Sec ROOM sm 
dtos Iwmmimoriim 
m» ngn« ■ to t*n ma, & 
PtWB UMumn Sramikrau 

imUpRMnaenBDM pnt- 

. 01-481 2345 



Pin you ntom wnttiv 
ogmimii S comwaan* W 
to goad tee wtng a PA to at 
Mnpm Dnc» si On «te it- 

whkS ComnSB Co GH Kflr 
w M n at amn « na nmsv 
HBMmca t PMfoacipicoto 
«eA ucaJMRi i Mniul wiowvan 
There enrio to no Be** csttotmt, a 
■Ma eu csere 

.01-481 2345 

atbatt abbatt atbatt 

£ 8,000 

iA Media Mapume Pofc- 
Belwre requiiR you to train 
in taking lirir admtiaen 
bookno for this Inlanw- 
lioaal Magarine. Only 20‘S 
sec mick for Sales Exec. 
With pocd typing. 

CM Lyoa Lair 

Staff IntrodocrkwH 

TEU 01-4886951 



Raqtead to Join « laadng company of Ctmrtarad Simyora bi Ihe 
West End. to) took star tw partner in charge ol our Subtxban 
Shops and Publicity Departments and suporvaa the dspartroents 
warn ot secrattries^ 

Thii is sn extremely buw and dsmandkig poeHon wttneft rsaubM 
a very special person vteh excellent typing (70). shorlftand pOOj. 
aurto and superuteoiy talents who is vMtng and able to cope toni 
our dynamic partnert busy schedule and me day to day naming 
of the department 

in return we can offer the rtyt person: 

★ Eastern Safety 

"At Lowly offices and good loca t ion 

★ L.W red subskksed canteen 
*A* Season ticket loan attar one yew 

★ Christmas and tang aarvtoa boras 
^ + Start socWr 

H you fsal you ae ths ri^a parson pteesa mrte or tslsphone: 

Rote Bbsdile 

Edward Etdma, 6 Breweer Steel loedn W1X (MO 
Tit 01-623-8191 

-- (N8 Agendas) 

Tastefii] Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple,, 
high grade temping- 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The Wirk Shop*. 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

fc or oU nad HHHHHVHM 


Mature individual requited fry quiet new Mayfair • 
office of US Investment Advisor. Hours noon to m 
6pjn. Excellent typing drills a musL Should be 5 
non smoker. • 

PUase tend CV. n amfidna with telephone • 
mother for quick reply to: 8 

Amermdo Ltd • 

17A Cnraon St f 

London W1Y 7FE I 

' THE UfiHT HOE > 

C. £8409 

MaAre sized AicMtBdwai 
Practjce wth interest in Far 
East as veil e Great Britain 
need a good S/H Secretary to 
work for Senior Partner. This 
will also tnvoha stating atfirin 
rote wdtti the company's tup 
Secr&ty. Not a jure® post 

•no Rear street EC< 

£9,500 -£10,000 

enc* IP good use in ferae 
pubfte company's toga 
dtpL Lsgrt exp. nor necas- 
saiy. Just compgant auflo 
qfpng state and nMhodkrt 
■vmO organised work. - 


^Sal £9-104100 


Require a 



For the Director of London Secretariat First- 
class skids in stxxthand/typing, word 
processing and telex are essential. Experience 
in congress organisation is useful and a 
knowledge of Spanish and/or French would be 

Please write together with foil CV to: 

- (marking envelope “personal”) 

(UP TO £11,000) 

A Senior Persona} Secretary is required to support the 
Director level manager of the Information Systems 
Division within one of the largest technology/ 
communications companies in Europe. 

The job demands excellent organisational abilities, first 
dass shorthand, word processing dolls as well as the 
ability to deal with management on a senior level. 

The position is based in the City of London and 
demands a high degree of business Bair, efficiency and 

However, the rewards are great: 

- Working at the forefront of new technology. 
-Excellent office environment includi n g the latest 
office machinery. 

Do you want a challenge? 

Ptenteamun Anne Jims. 01 356 7284 for am 
explication aed farther details. 


Large pity solicitors need experienced legal 
audios for several departments including liti- 
gation, commercial, shipping and banking. This 
company offers good salaries and excellent 
perks. Salary up to £10,000. Telephone Anita 
Willis on 626 5582. 

Alfred Maries Recruitment Consultants 
State 3GB 
Plantation House 
23 Rood Lane 
London EC3 


For A Multi-Talented Person 

Are you creative, visually perceptive, a good 
copy-writer, an excellent typist and a self- 
starter? Would you ergoy total involvement in a 
fascinating business? 

■ IRg ML to HHT I tel lllWteWw 


Halcyon Days saU iSth-Contwy antiques and are 
renowned worldwide for their fma enamel. 
Starting as PA. to their busy Managing Director, 
you would In due course be totally responsible 
for the does supervision of the Company's high 
quality cokxx catalogues and PR. Some pubtisb- 
ing experience would be an advantage. 
Stimulating, very happy atmosphere, top salary. 
Please writs with fun C.V. to: 

Managing Director, Halcyon Days, 
14 Brook Street, London W1Y 1AA. 



For Richmond solicitore 
varied practice. 
Negotiable starting 
salary pins share of 

Te! 948 8366 



w ...... : - - I, n nrrv m_coi noco uni d/ 

£ 8,000 + 

Atost B yncm, Flxrc to run 
ibe Chaoxnan't private af- 
fair*. Pnqttn is Pram 
and Spain, fonaa. aataqata 
ate. Terrific camr pna- 
! *#,■ With i/ band and 


Cal Carafe* WaBngar 

Staff Inrrodsctkms 
TEU 01-486 6951 





TV media department 
need yon to deal with the 
pita do the phone, msa- 
nur actURp and be 
leased by the nosy .vouns 
team. Be pwp an d for utr- 
prise tnp* any. Wuh 

Staff Inoodnctions 
TEL 01-486 6951 

endure Kino 

TOP JOB IN PR £10,000 

Hie chef executive of this very prestigious PR company is 
seeking an efficient, enthusiastic PA m assist tnm. He is 
young, dynamic and needs someone win can handle his 
clients with confidence both an the telephone and when you 
accompany him to meetings. Good sense of tumour and 
excellent skills (90/60) essential. 


The financial controller of this international cuy company 
needs a right hand senior secretary. Only occasional figure 
typing, but the ability to deal with top bankers and be au fad 
wth omanfeng complex travel itineraries is definitely impor- 
tant State 100/60+ WP exp. Age 23+. 

l pfeasetefepteme: 01-499 8070 
L 46 Old Band Street London W.l . A 


Requites an intelligent assistant to pro- 
duction team who should be interested in 
fashion with preferably some experience 
in dressmaking. 

Successful applicant should be over 21, 
numerate, logical and able to work under 
pressure. Definitely ambitious. Some ex- 
perience of taking foil responsibility and 
able to organise a «"aH manufacturing 
unit essentiaLModern south Central 
London office. Salary cJE9,000. 

Handwritten applications only 
enclosing C.V. to: 

JA.S. Designs Limited, 

176 Kennington Park Road, 
London SE11 4BT. 


18-25 year old audio secretary required by 
Knightsbridge Solicitors to work for Company 
Commercial Solicitor. Would suit College 
leaver/ first jobber with ‘A’ levels and good 
secretarial stills. Word processing experience 
or aptitude io learn. High-tech equipment 

Salary £7.500 plus bonuses. 

Please telephone Liz Sherlock on 01-235 1288. 


Very trendy, very social stunning offices. 3 secs age 
20+ , skills 90/50 (I no S/H). Exc salary and perils. 


Popular weekly in West End. Sec to Asst Editor. 6 
months exp. 90/50+. £1500 + bonus. 


Top of tee me Co. in West End. Sec to top 
buyer/merchasdiser. 80/5O+, age 30+ . f&JQO + perks. 
Late appointments welcome 

01-938 2222 


Requires personal secre- 
tary. Peterborough District 
Country end animal tovsr es- 
sential. Good drear. Week- 
end work somaunes 

Safety £111000 pta cottage 
Reply to BOX J68. 


Experienced receptionist re- 
quired. good tyiang and Hvely 
personalty essential 21 plus. 

Please send CV to 
Mss R. Salman. 

11 John Princes St, 


Anri raH for temporar 

mants and full time career openings - in the WEST END 01-629 0777 CfTY 01-621 9363 H0LB0RN 01-430 2531 VICTORIA 01-630 0844 WORKING ^ WOHOEHS 

AB. d«t&d advenuaacaa 
on be accepted by telephone 
(wcepi AnnouncemenaX The 
ttaffime is 5.00pm 2 day* prior 
to pnbliaDoa lie 100pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
yon wish to send an a lnet ni ei 
raeni fa wiling pime include 
jot daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. IT you have any 
queries or proble m , retains to 
yuur advertisement once it has 

CUTLERY -Victorian Storting 9U- 
'«■. i2 Mare Mttutg. E2.MXL 
Jet Mr a«u 039 1201 lOl or 
3 96 MM (HX 

WANTED tamm. Victorian 
nd au oetiMed furniture. Mr 
AStiton Ol 947 5940. 667-669 
Oarrau Unr. ewflekLMlT. 

Flgurlw. ammo*. Me. want 
*6.01 863 0Q20. 

auixout UVINOSTOW or WM- 
tons, me Enrtiah Home ana 
The EnfWi Ganich cordially 
mmtds an invitation »r a gtass 
of champagne to shew you Me 
now Restaurant tn the West 
End. The Unttny House. 21 
■hotlb’ Start, London Wl. 
Phase can oi 43a 0400. 

Buck labrador, bueh. «CBW. 
£90 Tel: 01-4954060 EXOS2M 


conveyamchm by ruiw ouaii- 
nrdSoHdlors £160+ VATana 
standard dutwraunne rtog 
0244 319998. 

US VtSA MATTUt E 8 GudeOfl 
US lawyer 17 Butatrodc St 
London Wl Ol 486 0813. 


win invited for OBsutna 
Bwde-l gaM dhc for Vrthjw 
Submarine. Tel (09261 889876 

18S7 VIDEOS on 86 prices at 
Tons. 91 Lower St oano St. Lon- 
don swi 01-730 0939. 

udiaMr tOOts extra. Large 
roo m sue remnants under halt 
normal price. Chancery carpels 
Ol 406 0033. 

lUmNlXM. Set tickets for 
«n sold -oat events. Our clients 
Include mast major csopusa. 
CredU cards accepted. 01-828 

1W TIMES S7M.1988. Otter 
ones AVAIL Hand bound reads 
for presenUUon • abb 
-Sundays". £1230. ftotnemoer 
When. Ol 688 6323- 

Surtgiti Em Chras. Ln Mb. 
AH tneatre and snorts. 

Tel: 82 1 6616/828-0493 
A.P t / VHm / Diners. 

■Ml till AY DUE 7 Give someone 
an onomal Times Newspaper 
dated the very day ttey were 
bom £1263 0492-31303. 

WWW ■ Latest M-tech Zoom / 
Reduction Enlargement Copiers 
from the Supplier at TRADE 
PRICES 01-278 6127. 

CATS, CHESS. Lcs MU. AB tne- 
atre and sport. Trt 439 1763. 
AB matorcTemieda. 

YORK nAOSTOtas ror pados * 
driveways uautdatton sale. Tel 
061 223 0881/061 231 6786. 


Mil ill I > ' i 

md dnm (ram ludrab of 
upright and grand oanos tor 
sale or hn urn omy £76 pm 



non or make* legacy to: 


2 CithunHovne Terrace. 

(Drpl TOM J. London SWIY SA 


: London School of 
r and C>ub. 38 Kings Rd_ 
01-689 7201. 

BrMgr and CftJb. 38 Kings Rd_ 
SWX Ol-689 7201. 

Ring Town Hse Apes 573 3433 

W1S - Own double roam In flat to 
share with i other. SuU Orofes- 
atonai angle person or cowSe. 
Share k « b ana bv»9 room. 
£300 P-Cait. «XCL TH.80* 4411 
x 213 / 243 1793 (after 6 pm) 

heating. mMUtuim 1 yen', com- 
pany tec. £120 pw. 362 867S 

M THE CENTRE, Marti* Arttu 
Very attractive. IW »*. at«- 
dto flat ut floor with taicuny. 
£146 p.W. 01-790 4172. 

SWU f/m 1830. for ro pertor 
flax, own bed/battroom. non 
smoker, caoo pan incL Trt 01- 
373 8049. 

WMDLEDOM Park. Own roam U 
beautiful house sharing with 3 
young people, dare U> tuba. 
CaU 897 3869 eves. 

WOODFORD F. N/S. O/R. (hare 
lux a Wet not. 13 mta* aty. 
£220 pm IPd OaY 01-437 9916 
ax 29. Afltr 63001-608 6533. 

SWI avail unra. 2nd F over 39. 
N/S O/R. £66 p.W. IncL 01387 
4477 M 3106 <9 - 6 RA) 

sought ror friendly boros. La 
ngbt mo. £200 nan. Tel: ter 
723 3444 ext 213 or We 603 

FULHAM. CM M snare Knrtr 
house nr tube. Own room, a a 
mad om. £60 pw. 01-731 
3636 idayi or 01-731 1944 (af- 
ter 6 pray. 

2 glrta required H stare a oak- 
aous b e diuuiu in large 
Battersea house. JUis pan 
each Inc Tel. Ol 360 I860 
iCvrs). Ol 671 25238 (Days! 
SW12 Own bedroom /lv./ bath- 
room tn lovrty ramfly house. 
Suit freoale 6 rntns lube. £40 
pw for B & B. TH /Ol 675 1482 
BEAinwtlL —1 BRA VIA, luxu- 
rious apartment. .Own room., 
vat prof female nan smoker 
£110 pr week trt 2364648 
FLATMATES SrteCt&e ShOTttfl. 
WHI esub introductory sen-lea: 
PHe tel (or appr 01-689 6491. 

- sra Momptan Road. SW3 ' 
KEN. WD - O/r. man. 22*-. want- 
ed to share flat with 2 peopH. 
£70 wk. axel. Trt: 01 9381810 
fdayumel or 937 7887 coveO 
MAiDA VALE W9 Young graC 
mil. n/g lux CH floL Iga him 
o/r. 8 nUna luba £65 pw axel 

Ol 3280101 W 01-969-1441 H 

seeks own roam, hi fiM/houae 
near Northern Line. Mu £60 
pw tel 01 250 6388 
RATMES Parte young prof gomon 
to share bae. O/R- CH. mod ML 
gdn. nr BR. £220 pan me. at 
641 8391 Dta/BOS 2576 Em. 
«N M to share lux 3 bed to «m 
house wiih ooeottiw. Large o/r 
and sh/f. £270 pem Inc. TN 
731 1474 alter 2 Dm 
wto O/R spacfMM s/c flat, hot 
water, central heating, garden- 
living rm £200 pan tact TN: 

T m 

T R^K 



Remember Stroke 
Victims Please 





IbrtHoek How* North. favimckSqamb LoadsuVEdH SUE, 






ngr.Sr , ^ r ^ 


Naaobi.lo’BuxLCttro. Dubai, 
lsanbul. Singapore. KJ- Dofln, 




01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 


Save with Swissair* 
Super Apex. 

Load on to Zurich or 
Geneva dafly oncon- 
flights. And daily 
flfghts to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sun day after arrival. 
Bookings and fuH 
conditions from 
travel agents or 



NOT Turkey. Spend 2 "la at our 
Htytut O e a rh Hot rt or en rotad 
on our taOH from £380. Dtp*, 
every Turiaay. 01 326 1005 or 
Ol 737 3861- I24HKL 

CQ»TCaWM ON Otata/hoN 
Uont. Duaomai Travel: Cl 730 
2201. A8TA IATA ATOL. 

Benz TfbCrt. Trt 01 388 6414, 

miKENO or Weefcv Htata f- 

S5c at imyM t. 47 saen- 
SS fcdb orren. umdon. 
W12 BPS. 

TAKE TODS OFF lu Pa ^- »» 
itematn. DiuNiU. taj" 
/Wi n-t. seme, uiawu.'ni* 
hmc- ONMky. Reuen. Boo- 

780 « 236 9Cfny . _ 

beach vinro *8M »wM.g5 
PbortOI TS* ' T775. PB» Hoth 
days. Ai4l 2136. 



LOW Oort Farm to ILKA. Major 

Travel. Ol 488 9237. IATA. 

IUNW1A For your MkhW 
where K> yttn summer, call lor 
our brod ug * now. T i a i wan 
Travel Bureau. 01-573 4411. 

ALICANTE. .Farov «=- 

Dtaond Travel Am rna . 

ox-381 4641. Hutanam 68641 

lwly>Lv:\. T-ITt-W 

I m — --*yt i rt r ® i 



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via more routes 
to mors destinations 
than any other agency 

■ P»*t expert, Mgb-teeh 
SDnrice • An wonttwMe 

DAY*. Algarve. Poft agaL 
Pbooe BOW. 01-947 9727. 





versatile bbc - 
interestad in me di a. -. 
Top level invotvemant 

01-602 8012 • 




s l ll l s 





L ‘lU.i.f*' a 

»>V1 ;; 


Bypg B.. 


. < ,a i- i 



MUps Kta * 



btork. WL PBrijN. 

fiiKSTi'lv 10 N^ 

V. _ ; \ I I \ I — " 



I? Plaza Estates 


01-244 7353 

ji-rji :.:iv o : >5: 




OuW rBCPL i (XWDUL DWira, 

flnwican +. 

FUUUUUMdxary tfbetf gardan flat >R amenMas. nr 

SberfbungEjoiR aO min Heathrow 
& weat&Kt^tfie^iic^'. 
vmmUBKM Luxury 2 bed flat ; imroacutato order, al 
amenHte^SpwA';'' • ■■■ 

736 5505 


^. 01-629 5604 ^ 

UQtMtaSbML Mayfair. 

London W1X7PI 

fat: 01 - 4996187 / 491 W 70 

fat: 072X16804 
falmc 477317 WTSQ ’ 



The Times flassififd 
cdun are read by 13 
mlUkm of the most aflbeat 
people m the cuNBtry, The 
followiag categories 
appear regsterly each 
week and ire generally 
actompaaied by rdcraot 
editorial ankles. Use the 
cowpon (right), a mi find 
am bow easy, fast and 
ecoBomkal it b to 
advertise in The Times 

Wlc Of iimertlnn ~ 

for to inaertiaq date.) 
'*VfahK-Amex or Dtoere cards. 






co >- 5 «4XT 

iv ' 

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" 4 SsJ 

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NO Gh. wori§SSfS2t ^ SSJST «n' 


WORD ASSOCIATES 01-377 6433 

{OPEN UNTIL 840 pm.) 

Rac Com 


rUBLBHflfG c. 

"re* KT? i™* 0 "* s/h to 

K r ^ t ^££; 

3*J«n ’*** v W«1 MW tm at 
■mi an ntatast *i tone. 

Fot brthu details qImh 

coated Harriet AbbS«3a±gi 
« » ZSTTpS: 

VTOEO* and Dwigi, wi M 
vlO OOO Thr* «nlhiMHilc 

Iquiui roniwiu' sp^culhn in 
Prrvni.iiiofo. I iar*r. ana <tr 
Wgn You will nerd. u> nr seii 
motivated. orvnlvii am miev 
***“ig lln* Idrpnoiw Hriptno lo 

E-p-JS tu ™pE^S«S 

l K nurW 1*011 will hr re 
HoriM wiih a share in ,& 

LX.'S?"*- '“ZS? *”* the oos- 
MIMIIK of PTOirMM raor 

S5ETEL ■ 3 Wff - si-sr swib, 
S 0 / 6 O Gnu roiHmalwiul 
Cmrnji) vital hnowrodw or 
I rc-ncti oi Mantel. itwiul Joan 
Tier RtYnuimml 01 J79 3315 


Mrty«al CfeN*w Cl urit, - in’ 
ECI rpqium a ronlidml nav* 
ncnml secretary to work lor 
por o* Hint Rpcnonai Directors 
l vual Mvrriartai duties includ 

ilto VOOK- muiuir taking and 

deparunmlal admtnhlraUon 
Musi bn an In lo work on your 
own 111111 * 1110*114 hold Itm tori 
a. your wmi amnnrn Skilly 
90/00 Age ranqr 1836 Salary 
rCS.OOO PWvo Intnotionc 688 
■woo Cronn Cor klff 
Rrrruiimmi Co mu I tan Is 

lary L<wdir>u SpomorVilp 
Aimnry spn-iaiiung in Arts. 
ron»oit ation and literature re- 
auun. v.Tll pmndM Junior 
bnrrntan lor Prt-y./p.jblKity 
MaiWKier and tcwiji otnrr flu 
ton Good Lypina ana Irteohonc 
manner nvnlul. Vy'P pvpnn* 
CHcn nrntrri rd Ideal for coileor 
tray nr or wrond mb Full CV 
IO k'allawav Lid. £ Portland 
Road. London toll 4 LA 

W No Shari tuna. CfiXOO Thh 
lun. In ny PR n. needy a secre- 
tory wiih dn\e and enOnnlawn 
to tom i wo ot i heir y<m- miccvu- 
luiarrouni iwruinn You will 
be hWpfng wfth all sorts of PR 
\ mimes lor many well known 
household names. Excellent 
ivpmg and a. good telephone 
»nrr arr essennal Typing bO 
wpm Age 18+ Telephone Car 
Mine King Appts. 01-499 8070. 
CITY Lights C9.000 Uoyds un- 
dertoiilrrs seek a rnpomlhlr. 
■ndependml mmdrd PA to 
Work alongsMe Mobe-trotllna 
international ayiallon socctMnt. 
Inlettigrtirr. malurtly of ap- 
proach and some business 
rxpenrnre essential. Shorthand 
and lyptnq requested Aar 23+ 
Please telephone 01-493 5787 
Cordon Yales Consultancy 
FLUENT liaHan 40 Cl?. OOO. Join 
Ihis well esUbUshed city based 
iniemMMfUl company as H-bn- 
dual secretary lo a senior 
rwculiyc Emoy a luU PA role 
and superb bonrfll package 
100/60 skills and WP aDIHly 
needrd Please telephone Ol 
2«0 5911/3531 i West End) o r 
Ol ?40 3651 i Cl tv I. EUrabrUi 
Hunl Recrunmenl Consilium*. 
KENSINGTON lo C9.000 Join 
this lead i no firm of arrhllects as 
wrrriarv tn apartner^-Thto is a 
busy, sarted posilxm. the offices 
arr superb and Ure atmosphere 
friendly and informal. 90/56 

'kills and WP anility needed 
Ptrav- telephone Ol 940 3611/ 
3631 iWesI End i or 01 240 

36S1 tail i. Cllrabeth Hunt Re- 
cruiliuent ConsuUanls. 

F» in Kiuohlsbndge sei* a young 
secretary lor Account Execu- 
llye ravl. arrurate typing, 
rusty shorthand and on audio, 
tom Irjm WP and leinc. Pirns 
rrtrets. correspondence, dlenl 
lwrton. meellnos etc. JlS-OOO 
neq + CJCO drew allowance. 
Us. sinas bonus Joyce 
Cm ness Ol 689 8807/0010 tree 

CREATIVE fmlinn Ct.OOC get 
out or i he rul and Into drstgnl 
This orisil llllle ccnripanv han- 
dles all kinds of commercial 
protects Sou will handle meet- 
mas. ilieni conun. help to 
organise PR functions etc 
5tK»lliand/UPUM <80/501 re- 
uuesled Ane 90-25 Please lei 
Ol 409 1232 TIM Week Shop. 

german SPEAKING Secretary/ 
•\sshl.ini sought to' ladies' fash- 
wn house in Vs'I A good all- 
r minder will be dealing wllh 
buyers and rliems. recrplion 
and serrelai tal work, b/nand to 
reuiilrisl in LngUsh Suit brtghl 
college lease* Salary- to 
C7.500 ton B39 3365 C3X 
Lanouage sersires 

VICTORIA tMfiOO adyerttolng 
agenrv seeks young sec nr COl- 
tone leaser » work as PA/smc 
lo Chfei lor Lois of luuson with 

• I k-iiIs and media Good Iralrv 
Inq on en on personal 
cnmnuiee/WP Shonlund use- 
ful. not eya-nlul Audio lyplrM 
rpgnrslert P lease M 01-A09 
1232 The work Shop. 

London based legal practice 
•ss-ks a rompeterd tn luwual 
■ ILilkin/E n*t tsf WP operalpr 
Vv oi king know ledge other lor 
run lanouane/s prrferabfe 
Salary aae Please wrnc wiih 
cs and refs Reply IP box no No 

.lAO A henries 

COPYRIGHT A Immigration sol. 
I* no s rtieins uicl lashton cos a 
Pop a football stars. Reas PA 
with audio Leoal exp helpful- jo 
hocans- I-a enntaci lor all cU 
t-nis w l ta 250 im 9 
W'nndhousi* Rec Cons OI 404 


hiiohi rnlhieaaslir recrP/ltP 
Tel lO e pm PI 2©2 4906 


t3,W + BStEFTTS 

This wefl estabhslMd ctenty 
tn central London needs a 
fra class Shorthand PA. 25 - 
4S years, to co-ordinate ■ 
"unfcw of voluntary efforts. 
You vd be pwobM n the 
or 3VUU tion of Mb. con- 
certs and tastion stows, if 
you- enjoy hatsing wttfi the 
m Hb& and rushtag arowd 
“SanWog things, than this is 
ito Job tor you. 

Can AnnabeS 

01 734 2567. 



y-dlh PuMtohers and Sale* Rrr. 
menially es in me ISA and all 
oyer Bntaln foe Urn. mternaiwn 
al book cooibanv Suit young 
seereiary wiih a llllle expert 
cure a » t oUrge leaver Good 
kecreiartal skills wiut or wnb- 
out shorthand rCS.OOO rail 
Sluarl Wteuim 983 1034 tor 
ediUi Scott RecrullnienL 

Will requires an expenenrad 
A enthusiastic secretary lor 
their (eudenuai icnmg deal 
Outgoing personality, 

organisational abtUtv A sound 
secieiartal skills essential lor 
this interesting position won 
good promotional prospects. 
Cab: 351 9399 

LEGAL TRAINEE showto no 
S/H C9.00D* Prestigious Wl 

frrm of Sohciiors seek brtghl 
her lee young SobCHor who 
specialises in conveyancing. 
Work includes dealing in prop- 
erty tor their famous enrols, 
and plenty of telephone Uawon 
\ciy friendly Company Call 
Kate 831 737S KP Adi erthtng. 

YOUNG SEC Cable TV to £9.006. 
Sor Manager of Hits young v I- 
brairt Co seeks and exp 194 
Sec to asnet him. Co-ordhiale 
stall and customer liaison. 
Cross trained On WP 
iWord-stan Very easy-going 
and informal environment. MS 
Dan- 734 8466 Ext 371 lr 3B4 
Stockton Aasocs. Rec Cons. 

ADVEKTMfG c£9.000 fuU ln- 
vohemml guaranteed In ten 
leading agency They handle 
TV. press, promotions etc. Your 
rafe as sec to dtivcldr means 
you see protects through from 
start to finish. Excellent unices. 
Superb benefits Young, lively 
environment. Accurate typing 
essential Relevant exp pre- 
ferred. Age 22* Please id 01 
409 1232 The Worh Shop. 
AMAZING PM £7.600 errat 
opening for a young see In tins 
lop ranking PR agency Lou ol 
admin, prewure and uivohe- 
ment working rtosety wllh two 
young (early-mid twenties' fe- 
male PR executives. You sain 
heto organise meetings, press 
lunettes, nnlw vu cw. sir visits 
etc No shorthand. Cood typing 
essential Age 19-22: Please let 
01-409 1232 The Work Shop. 
DESIGNER Sportswear Company 
In the West Did requires a PA 
with arrurate secretarial skills, 
lob of personality and on affini- 
ty with outdoor worts tor Us 
Sales Director This position of- 
' fen real Invaticment and the 
OBonrtunHy lo travel from time 
to lime. Salary to £10X300 pa * 
free products. Tet Rosalie 
presketl on Ol 836 4086. La 
acme Rec Cons-_ 

EDITORIAL Secretary £9,000. 
Join Uds smell known charily as 
editorial secretary on metr 
monthly magazine. AIMnd 
press conferences and rxluM- 
ttons. proof read and help 
compile articles for publication. 
An A level education and 90/90 
skills needed Please telephone 
01 240 351 1/3931 fWert End! 
oral 2403561 (CtKyL Elizabeth 
Hunl Recruitment Consultants 
OXFORD CRCUS £8.800 sec 
and jabber sec sought by 
countrywide professional soci- 
ety. to work one-to-one wllh 
senior manager Really friend- 
ly. wetcomiiui environment. 
Varied. Interesting role embrac- 
ing telephone baJaon and some 
admm/cterKAl work. Good typ- 
ing requested. Age 19-26. 
Please let 01-409 1232 The 
Work Shop 

London based legal procure 
seeks compel put WP operolor 
working knowledge of l or 
more foreign language/s prefer- 
able. Salary aae Please write 
wiih Cv and refs to Reply u 
BOY J79 No agencies 
ITALIAN Speaking See £12.000* 
mod. bus. lor merchant tuna. 
Mainly teWhone/oegaiusa- 
l innal work Italian or English 
shorthand needed. Flee lares + 
bonus Please call Osborne 
Richardson Roc Gons- 01-409 

ITALY. Mahan sprat fug graduafe 
secretary required for the Mar 
lain » drpartnuiil of malor 
interrulional Company in 
Norm Italy No previous exp or 
S/hand necessary Tax tree sal- 
ary CLC Language Services 
■ Oil 839 33Q5. 

RECEPTION £8,250 A weft spo- 
ken and well dressed person Is 
needed to min a team ol 3 recep- 
iKMitofe, lor this prestigious firm 
of west End Estate Agents. Age 
24* Coooid and Oasts RecruH- 
menl Ltd. 39 Bru ton Pl ace. 
London WI 01-493 7789. 
companies are currently look- 
ntg tor youno and Ml Ob* 
rpeeptiotusts with typing .Speed 
40*. Salary range £6-500 to 
£7600 CMKCd and tMK Re- 
cruttmenl Ltd. 36 Bruton Place. 
London %S‘l 01-493 7789. 
BARBICAN, need a calm, capa- 
ble tel/recep/lVBM i45+ 
Miredsi able lo handle 10 O 
Ihinos al once! £8.000. London 
Town Stall Bureau 836-1994 


Controlled from page 24 


Unusual unfurnished 
hse ideally situated 
between Netting Hill 
Gate & Kensington High 
St. The accommodation 
comprises a Ige 40’ 
reception, dining rm, 
study. 2 dble bedrms. 2 
sale bedrms. fully fitted 
kitchen. 2 bathmis (1 

ensuite). The hse also 
has 2 small palio areas 
& a sunny roof terrace. 
Available now for long 
Company Lets. 
£400 pw. 

01-221 3335 

WI. 3 new -mdK> lUlv Cwnpant 

Irl .mil vl -V* l^ 1 %XMmrk rAit* 

u m iir tll .uut emiroiw lor 
.si <* I j4 ^ 

a " ‘m toh’l'- tom! Irt m in lino in 

k ii.nhi iw V2S2 JK" ‘Vji 

"rrEXS? -KSS 



l’.s li-i Villa (I n.Uk LlWPW 
f.., W y' rJki 

«ra:„'s.yss=f s 



V* nolle A 1" ■*' 


SpaooiB. sron lutuiy fat ■> 
ml blk. 3 ractw. 4 beds. 2 
baths. American kit wtift all ma- 
cfknes. isilrty rm. Avail 1 year. 

Co let 1850 jm. 

Contact Gilfle Conyers 

01 351 0821 

SWL WI4. W* setocuon of IW 
nnw ai Aitabfn for medium/lon9 
Him lets 1 Bed Horn Cl tOpj~< 
Tel Barfkud Marcus on 
2428 tor immedialo viewing 

HARLEY ST U 1 1«M beds. 2 

wdhs terep. r/l CJSf" » 

irl hhariuu Dal 631 io»v. 
Lies 58o 3251 

KENSINGTON. W*. Enrellenl 
S.,lur 1.2 A 3 hnflrm luxury 
ll.ils At dll lor immedioie rent- 
al Cali Now Really 581 0312 

MAvnufr lux s/C rum mu 

■anu i/mnn tel Tr £ 200 pw Tri 
493 76» -TI 

■mEY. son >/ r ,u * lv rum 


I. A B CH Gdiw Co let- J*6° 
p.. oi 730 S2»J WArtturl 

■irHUOND SHEEN D*ree Iff ad 

W ,ST?4,?^"commow 2 


S-"s£rWfaS VS lllsini- Dl 




SnetaiY lor Ifiteohooe. Ww. lyw ^ and general office 
duties Also asset *dl vessel operas ssung invoices araj 
cornputtreod bankno nonfs. Sort 2nd Jotter, aft i rsm to A- 
Level. age 20+ Saary Nag. Immetote sort 

Please call: Fiona on 434 2558 


l Had Grp iceh a ieoo**m 
i Mar sec fgr respenstt nd nr- 
: ted Paata Mdiwt PeRaneL Enel 
sUK Kfl Itar as ttB a nang and 
iriBHOg post 


Wn* to* d* hmsrtng ion ti 
Be urta encs sales dronraot* 
Qtom he sc tfs U r ai rote, ftgtraa- 
m ana «tWw mv «en> 
npoots fl awi 22 uth aneoen 

wpng dBase eaft 
FA tm ranrt rod On sac tote « 
Ihe Nom Anancan stas Dn d 
o» tape Moat Gm. » yoa an aged 
19 * dm end sec sttk rod an 

toxovm personaMy Hr w *- 
™a>®S postaon coetaa is don. 

For afl these mmatale mertn- 
fis cunad Shea 406-161 S 
Uuteffikct (tec Coos 

FROPEIII | njOIl* nr perks. 
PresuigKHw Wi Co wiih Itry 
iriendiy aimoMtoerr Ms open- 
nta lor bnghi young See mo 

Sf Hi Enihieuvn Aim tauuiic 
unvorutnt JifurcunfF J ypM9. 
Super Co wtth up perks and 
ijrn r pcosp-cls. Call Kale 831 
7372 kp Advertising. 

aae Age 29-36 max for interna- 
tional r manner Wl Added to 
l-ow exertlenl speeds wtu be the 
aoility id wort* a IJexUrie work- 
ing week under pressure Ctork 
watchers need not apply Tele- 
phone Mrs Protser Belgravia 
Bureau 01-384 2844 


Publishers need an Editorial 
Secretary <S/H and lyptnoJ lo 
asstsl 3 Editors and a Rights 
Manager Lota of contact with 
overseas oil ires Mid 20% ideal. 
To CajXO. Coveitl Carden Bu 
reau. HO Fleet SL CC4 363 

GERM AN pa for Art World! to- 
lingual PA Sec with exc sec 
skbls an hiteresJ M art tor On 
iral London Co Some exp ess. Call Merrow Emp 
Agv iThe Language SpecvaUslsi 
636 1487 

PUBUSNING. ExefUng editorial 
opening for brtghl cwUinrtinni 
see. who la keen lo take 
responsibilty and has an toler 
esf In sport. C7.5O0. Jaygar 
Careers ■ sioane Sq I Ud. Ol 
730 5148 

ARTS InstHunon seeks brlghL 
well -educated secretary to 
wdrk with sentar admtoHDator 
ExcegOonaOy varied role cover- 
ing orgiW Bon of events: 
Itaoan Min vjp crusiees and 
sponsors: fund raising: interna- 
tional promotion: tome travel 
and attendance al gala func- 
tions- Accurate sums essential 
*90/50) Salary £7.000 Please 
telephone 01-493 6787 Gordon 
Vales Consultancy 

ASSISTANT press cmcer 
c C9.00Q , H you have a strong, 
oul MR personality coupled 
wiih a media tor related bark 
groundi lhn lop W. End 
property company would like to ' 
meet you You will be constant 
|y on the telephone chatting to 
reporters, negotiators, primers 
etc as weft as doing the short- 
hand/tyorng. SldBt 80/60 
Tetephone Caroline King Appts- 
01-499 8070. 

CHAIRMAN'S Office £7.000 
lovely first lob for a coOegs 
leaver In the Chairman's office 
of llus major rrumag group. He 
Is a leamno figure In the world 
of big bwlness. The company 
entoyi contlntdng growth and 
success. You Win need AbrlghL 
confWenl approach and ten 
rale sums 180/491. Beneflte toe 
free lunctt -ttatiy Please trie-,, 
phone 01-493 5787 Gordon 
Yaws Consultancy 

FLUENT Oertnan and good 
French to £12X100. Jain Dus 
tamo us name city bank as sec 
retacy to a very charming 
nrwtv appointed executive. 
Great prospects. Excellent bene- 
fits Include free fares to work 
and oenerous toortgwr srtosMy. 
100/60 skills and wrp ability 
needed. Please te te phone 01 
240 3611/3631 iWest EM) or 
Ol 2*0 3561 lOtyL EhzabrUi 
Hunl Re v i ut t m e rit Consultants. 

VIDEO A Film. £6500- too name 
dtsmtxjtor seeks sec to Europe- 
an sates manager Duties Inc 
scheduitng new fltm release * 
and pre-relrase plannlno. mar- 
keting. PR etc. Boer lob Super 
company Benefits include ITre 
video iPu-ary. omale 
K Rfnte t k emema tickets, 
health club membership etc. 
Shorthand and typmg request- 
rd. Age 21*. Please call Ol -409 
1232 The Work Shop. 

REOturrafEMT lesdtng 
search consultancy ***** PA/ 
Sec lo Otrecfor. Busy, fnvotvtng 
role dealing wllh cbent*. candi- 
dates. meetings eke. Rusty 
shorthand and typing essential. 
Age 20-26 Please call 01-409 
1232 Tne Work Shop 

have various interesting Dosto tn 
Middx. W * C London tot exp 
S/H Secs With good French. 
Difih. German or Italian Car 
let our AW. 66 Red Lton SL 
WC1R 4NA. 01-404 4854 

FRENCH Ad mm /Sec £10X100. 
High admin content but S/H is 
required, if you are numerate 
and tii my working in a hectic 
envtrofnem Call Merrow Emp 
Agy (The Language Specialist*) 
Ol 636 1487 

GERMAN. New part tor Secre- 
tary wiih Orman shorthand 
arriving in Central London 
shortly Shorthand in English ts 
not required Salary to 
£12-000. clc Language Ser- 
um toil BS9 3365. 

■HTEKMaTTOHAL publisher* 
agents Kntgntsbndgr Small fun 

«rm urgently require tumor 
terrcuuy 18 alas with short 
hand a* IBs and sense of 
humour salary neg. 

01 684 8688. 

unolon require an efHdeM well 
spoken audio secretary wun a 
sound rdurailonal background. 
Salary CS-OOO. Telephone 
727 0530 


We lira a sepert) setadm of per- 
smally nspetaad hntslwd rod 
'jrtwrtshed propatts mrrwTy fiae 
ftesffemal itstnas, irosntl froth 
£150 pw to £2:000 pw. 

SHotrrnjONG lets 

Tel: 01-486 8926 

Floor Flat in pottered Mock 
wiih rcHavraal. Rerep. New 
Kit. Bath. Dble Bed. C175pw 
inc CH/CHVV Cootes 828 

CHELSEA. Charming spacious 
apt Cxrl siiuaUon 3 bMrnr-. 
tSIUn rerrp. well ID ML MA. 2 
w .C NOW rpts. £230 pw 
Liplriend: 499 SiM 

CAST CROYDON 3 beds. 3 
reiepv Garogr Furntshed and 
nrwu decorated Qrnipamrs 
onh- CtSO PW Tel. 0! 673 
o99o i«hl 

HAMPSTEAD. Attract tor Pretty 
mews 2 DCflrtns. dbk- retro, 
balr. dm rm new tux kit all 
marn bain 2 WC.G 0 * C22S 
pw Liplriend. 499 6334 

HENRY G JAMES Contort us now 
on PI 236 8861 far the best V 
tirtien oi lurnehed flats and 
homey |o rent in Kmgni'bnogc. 
Chehoa and Kemmgtmi >T> 

mm mod hse 5 beorrm. a 
hot to. line rerep *ujirr kit. 
me Mu Clow n« P*” 

Lnnrund *09 6334 

minvrrv qilfel 2 hrd artxaid lb 
•Siideii rial C» or hoPUrt- lef. O 
mins minimum c250negl Tel 
2JJ 7S*>3 *Ti 

5. REN. Cul dr «r Biandneu. 

vrmlion ol 1“' n-th Ifj iro. k 

A 1/2 tsjlh* U. 30 J“OPW 
-ins in 226 3460- 370 2037 
•7 ■ 


Searcy Catrren require an 
adaptable secretary io wait 
■ for- Catering Managers. 
Accurate typing, good 
tdephone nasner. Speed 
55/60 wpm some stunted. 

Telephone Maria 
on: 01 585 0505. 


fterooraOfe posuo for postns 
seceaiy to oiQSise rod sups- 
usb smd business raw* n 
Poquy SWli Own otfe. Satay 
53JXH * ctet S peeks tarts. Tete- 
pbao s RanM Pool II 789 832 



158 «gh St SW1S , 
Or send C.V. 

' senetarv with Inxng and votne 
shorthand Pmelbty statable lor 
graduate college leaver Please 
rum Prospect Temps Ud 629 

MORSUfTY £113M neg and 
good benetila Chief Executive 
of large group need* expert 
cored Personal Secretary 30* 
to organise htm Stella Boyd- 
Cofprnlee Ud 01-629 9323 

NARLEY STREET area Secretary 
required for ptensanl ohirr 4 
days weekly, unerosctlog Non 
smoker, mature. Salary neg. 
Phone Ol 486 2066. 

bom \ ladurl Some typ./WP. 
age 20* Call Flame «23 4226 

Ktngsiand Pen Cons. 

21 23nh. no shortlVMMI In this 
fun off ire for bright audio secre- 
tory who entoys variety l 
htrt expert rncr. £8300 peg. 
Suita Ftshrr Kecnutmrnl. Ol 
•So 0644 

SECRETARY Peraonnel Depart- 
ment C9.O0O EwUlUlHSttC 
sefTMarv with 2 years’ expert 
en re will enny worktop for this 
smashing beta tn W.CJf Short - 
hand/tyoing and lots of mvoh e- 
ment vwtn ttus UII renting 
company Stella Fisher H emal 
menl. 01 -63b 66*4. 

wonderful Iradtuonal dining 
rlub seeks secretor y lo aostM m 
membership admimstraucm. 
You will handle lot* of lefe- 
phone Hanon. cmoratnabon of 
monthly membership mgs i the- 
atre. rrtrkeL opera «Cu and http 
the proprietor with Chany 
even!*. Lovely lob lor which al 
Iraal some experience to needed, 
plus snort tiand/typlng. Age 
21* Please tetephone 01-493 
6787 Gordon Yarns 

ARTY A Cnwure £10000 super 
opening tor a P A/Sec to Part- 
ner in this ele ga nt, freewheel in g 
and wetK ow teCted design/ U 
chtferls peacllre. Open style of 
manaormeni. Mato ta social 
Imohrmrnl. Lots ta high-level 
meetings, entertaining and llat- 
soii Expenrnre to a profess- 
ional emironmerk esMtillai. 
Typing mo shorthand) request- 
ed Age 24+ Pleas* let 01-493 
4466 Mcrrywealher Advtg A 

NIBBLES A bytes £10:000 H you 
arc a ronfldent p er son with 
goad communication sktlis and 
an miertsl m new technology 
then the Head ta Information 
Systems ta this motor Ob insti- 
tution wifl be very keen to meet 
you Ho l» constantly under * 
pressure and needs a secretary 
who can art as his buffer, as 
well as Ms rigid hand. Skills 
. BO/8D+WP exp. incredible free 
perks. Tetephone Caroline King 
Ap»L 01-499 8070. 


required by investment Man- 
agement Company near SL 
PauTs to provide firs* class sec- 
ntanai and ad udiust r a uve 
support to the MD and Portfolio 
Manager Good al round sec 
and admm skills and proven 
track record required, for some- 
one willing lo became totally 
Involved In small and expand 
teg company. Salary £9.000 
0 . 0 . + benefits. Pt onse ronmn 
Undo Tore on 406-3128. 

ALL-ROUNDER mtd 20^ to tom 
exciting, new West End com- 
puter Co. Mam respastUHUes 
switch, reception, typing, but 
exceftem opportunity for m- 
vohemenl on Salta Nde. Will 
need pood eduranon. 
romputer/wp awareness, find* 
Mr otiituar. tram sptrfi and 
cheerful chuckle! c. £ 10.000 
p-a. + Hinge bens. Joyce 
Guineas Ol 589 8B07/DO1O 
■Rec const 

Srmary/PA • Audio WP) lo Dl 
rerlor Bman office, varied 
work c£9^00 C.V. to: PJQ. 
15 Dover Street- Wl. 01-493 

£12,000 ■ El. PA Wttn smart ap- 
pear anre and HO* raortitond 
for WD ta computer Co. Call 
377 8600 Secretaries Plus - The 
Secretarial Consul ions. 

FRENCH SFKQ «C urgently 
reqo lor French consuunion Go 
opening offices in London. S/H 
Pius exp to Ihh held EL2.00O. 
Corrciovr Agy. Ol-AOO 4864. 

PA/aecmary for fcmd but de- 
nuuvdmg Chairman tn CC3 Gail 
377 8600 Secrttartm Plus - The 
Secretarial Consultant*. 

9CC in Ban king £9.300+ ottoe 
subs- Fetich ureti SL Some 
sudd/wp. No SH Age 24-20. 
Call Elaine 623 4226 Kingoana 
Per* Cons. 

SCCRETARKS for Architects A 
Designers Permanent 3 tempo- 
rary posiltonv AMSa Special lot 
Rec Cora 91 734 0632 
a nb speaking Spanish or Rat- 
tan should roatart Fotoqlot 
Agency on 247 6242. pronto. 


Sd*rt> outer i Bdaran taro 
M0 si W t* rovwil Nadk 
Congtetth tewdsf mualqu 
Senvcn ran Mac 5 Oars a «ck 
nctntexso tenth sencc Coios tv 24 
iv pan Bags CH CHW CoRnaray 
laisue toBtqost afscL 
Long S»M1R& 



01-351 2383 

r oO MB K HILL. Klnodon. LnMUC 
oak beamed apartment In pn- 
iew> Undvraoed mroon. Huge 
Hung room/dlnlog room with 
toa lire Large oak panelled Bed- 
room and pretty single Luxury 
oath loom, large zon. pine 
kllr hen/breakfast roam onto 
ronsmaiorv it Ira roam. CM 
EESOpw TCL 01-942 7188 

NVUUDE prestige new nai. 
wmaiiMMi stow. 2 bstb. >2 
luHn ■! on suite), fully (illed 
kilrtien. balronv. geh. quality 
Hunching Ngh xecurtly iiv 
tem. 'Wro rnlr». underground 
wrwv-llh lilt access £ 200 pw 
sui fill on lb ndrey WToo 01 
64b 4861 dr 0233 31261 

Nevvli der lop floor Mob. 3 
beds- *qe dW reccp. Ill (Ji + all 
aptauiKK bath seg cloak 
UOO p.w F M Gapp. Ol 221 

£135 PW. Spark) us gmd Or I La I 
in SWIO I able bed™. Ige 
rereo uir dining area. If kil Wllh 
mod rora.. mod balhrm Co lei 
on h hegenrv House Properties 
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Welsh under pressure: Per ego of IJaneHi manages to get his pass away as Halsey and 
Cooke of Harlequins bore in at Twickenham. (Photograph: Ian Stewart). 

Accurate Dudman restores 
faith in the kicker’s art 

By David Hands 

Rngby Correspondent 

Harlequins 18 

tianeffi ..15 

Since Marcus Rose joined 
Harlequins, first team opportu- 
nities bave been few for Ray 
Dudman. But Dudman, who 
works as a fine arts restorer and 
may be said to have done a good 
job at Twickenham on Sat- 
urday, replaced Rose six min- 
utes into the second half and 
promptly kicked four of the six 
penalties which beat Llanelli, 
the last of them a minuie before 

To the extent that they scored 
two goals and a penalty, Llanelli 
may be entitled to grumble, but 
Harlequins earned their win 
with some driving forward play 
in the second half during which 
their back row helped force the 
illegalities — frequently for off- 
side at ruck and maul — from 
which the penalties came: 

As an exercise in three-quar- 
ter play, however, on a splendid 
day it was largely sterile. Alan 
Davies. England’s B coach, 
came to watch Rose, Salmon 
and Skinner and saw the frill 
back depart with damaged shin 
muscles (not thought to be 
serious) and Salmon consis- 
tently omitted from any move 
called behind the scrum. 

Fletcher, the young stand-off 
half, is running the tacks these 

by Murai 

By Ian McLanchlan 

days but he hurt his neck in a 
heavy tackle. Recognising his 
injury. Woodhouse took charge 
and Harlequins were at their 
most effective during his shon- 
side forays with Hunterafier the 
young forwards had won 
secondary tall from Cooke, 
standing off the scrums. 

The best of the backs, though, 
was Nigel Davies in Llanelli's 
centre. He organized a tight 
midfield, frequently found the 
gaps and also proved the best of 
the kickers on a day when the 
tactical kicking was embarrass- 
ingly poor. 

Llanelli will have to regroup 
now that Pearce has left them 
and there were half a dozen 
others also absent. A Llanelli 

More rugby, page 28 

side sporting only one Inter- 
nationa] (in this case Phil 
Davies) is a rare event and 
they ran badly short of pos- 
session after the first half 
hour, deriving satisfaction 
only in the scrums where 
Olver will wish to forget that 
he lost three balls against the 

The score was 6*6 at half 
time, Rose's two penalties — 
he rapped the post with a third 
from halfway and missed with 
a fourth after his leg injury — 
being erased by Grayelle's try 
and conversion. When Lfa- 

Bath hit 
for six 

nelli scored nine points im- 
mediately after the interval, a 
Welsh win looked the most 
likely outcome, but they 
continued to concede pen- 
alties in the ratio of 3: 1 and 
Dudman kept kicking goals. 

SCORERS: HartequiBs: pqnirftto*: 
Rosa 0). Ducfrnan (4). uonottfc trim: 
GravaUe. N Dawes: contraratom: GrawOo 

, Rom (rap. R Dudman); 

G Halsey. J Salmon. A Dam. 5 Hunter M 
Fletcher. A Woodhouse; J Kingston, J 
Ohwr. G CUMon. M Skinner. W Sttoman, 
R Longhorn. D Cooke (cast), E Washes. 
LLANELLI: M GrawsOa: lEvans. N Dgnts. 
S Davies. P Hopkins: K Thomas. S 
Qraveoa. A Buchanan. KTownley. S Gals. 
A Griffiths fcapT). D Crane. 0 Conigkus. M 
Perago, P Dawea. 

R storage J Qntte* (London). 

• In the John Smith's Merit 
Table B games, Northampton 
will have derived great satisfac- 
tion from the 49-9 win over 
Richmond, Cubitt scoring four 
of their tries. Nigel Underwood 
also scored but it was the other 
Underwood. England’s Rory, 
who caught the eye in Leicester's 
outstanding 69-4 win over Lon- 
don Welsh. 

It has been an amazing four 
days for Leicester who scored 95 
points against Birmingham last 
Wednesday and 69 on Saturday. 
Underwood scored four tries 
and there were two each for 
Evans and Richards. In the 
circumstances, the remark of 
their coach, Graham Wi liars, 
that “the running has been very 
forthright and the support 
excellent” seems something of 
an understatement. - 

(ftpanaltv: GrauoUe. 

FlBtCher. A Woodhouse; J Kingston, J 
Olver. G CUMon. M Skinner. W Sttonun. 

There were Mediterranean 
blue skies above and the grass, a 
shade too long, perhaps, was 
invitingly lush. The spectators 
sported iheir colourful, short- 
slcevcd cotton shins and from 
the Welsh point of view, there 
was longing fora game to lift the 
early season away from the 

S loom of coun cases and talk of 
iny play. 

It was a nice enough game in 
the end. but no more than that. 

and thankfully, no bad 

Each of the three tries was 
touched with a stilish hand, or 
in two cases, a timely boot. 
Bristol scored a goal, a try and a 
penalty to Swansea's try' and 
three penalties. Nothing very 
much separated them in the 
scrums, and if Swansea enjoyed 
the line-out possession, then 
Bristol countered b> winning 
the loose. 

The game began swiftly as 
Bevan kicked a penalty and the 
first try came in the 1 5th minute 
— a beautiful piece of judge- 
ment. Harding's high kick 
caught Bevan and Emyr con- 
fused. Pollcdri and Pomphrey 
crashed in and when the ball 
emerged, Tainton. seeing Dug- 
gan standing wide out from the 
Swansea defence, kicked flat for 
the wing to chase and wm the 


Swansea replied with forceful 
drives to Bristol's line. A Hop- 
kins gruhher, kicked through a 
flat Bristol defence, gave Emyr a 
try and a further penalty by 
Bevan gave Swansea the hall- 
lime lead. 

Bristol were always at their 
most dangerous awa> from the 
set pieces. A sustained period of 
pressure saw them drive to 
Swansea's line and from the 
ruck Harding, who as always 
had a fine game, threw a long 
screw pass to midfield which 
gave Duggan a run at Tilley for a 
lovely try. When this lead 
appeared that it just might be 
enough. Bevan took the op- 
portunity to kick his third 

SCORERS: Bristol: Tries: Duggan (2V 
Gomwsion: Tainton. Panaltr Tainton. 
Smmk Tries: Emyr. Pwntte* Sevan 

BRISTOL: B WNMhaBd; J Carr. R Knffibs. 
S Hogg. H Duggan. M Tavtlon. R Hartftng: 
P Smnti. K Bogus. P Stiff. G Crane. N 
Pompiny (captain). P Adams, P Potadn. 

SWANSEA: R Bevan; A Emyr. K Hopkins. 
S Part*. M Tffley; M Dacey. R Jones; S 
Foster, p HttdMWS, K Cotefougn, P 
Mortally. J WUhams. T Oweseman, R 
Mortally (captain). P Moms. 

Raf crate S Trev*uck (Cornwall Society). 

Saracens savour 
September sun 

By Gordon Allan 

Japan 27 Moseley 0 

North and Midlands — 19 Bath — 36 

In near perfect conditions 
Japan showed their growing 
confidence to beat the North 
and Midlands in a scrappy but 
nonetheless exciting game. 

Matsuo kicked an early pen- 
alty and after 20 minutes, slick 
handling by Chida and Ikuta put 
Murai in fora try. This stung the 
North into action. Murray. 
Brian Edwards and Allingham 
all came dose, but Matsuo 
kicked bis second penalty and 
Marshall, the home stand-off 
retired with hamstring trouble 
and was replaced by Allison. 

After the break, the North and 
Midlands put Japan under fierce 
pressure. After six minutes. 
Brian Edwards ran strongly 
down the narrow side of the 
scrum for a try. Matsuo and 
McCartney then exchanged pen- 
alties before Nakano, the visit- 
ing prop forward, touched down 
for a fine try. 

North struck tack immedi- 
ately with a try from Allingham, 
and in the last ten minutes the 
match caught alight — Chida 
barging over from a line-out; 
Allison weaving bis way through 
and Murai scoring his second. 

The North and Midlands had 
in Rankin, Flockhan and Henry 
Edwards a tireless back row but 
their front five lacked technique 
and Japan enjoyed much more 
possession than they will have 
in any of their other tour 
fixtures. The Japanese are very 
vulnerable to straight running 
and give away too many pen- 
alties. particularly for off-ride. 
After the game Shiggy Konno 
said Japan would have to im- 
prove their tackling. 

SCORERS: North and Mktamta: bte*: B 
Edwsnls. ANnghqm. Alison: panalty: 

slonx Matsuo (2). 

North gwd NNdtondt: H Murray (Dunfarm- 
Ite): C McCartney (Bwoughmglr). B 
Edwards (Borou&fimutrt. D Graham (High- 
land). D McLaughln (BoroughrmNl; N 
Marshall (Heriotsffrtptacament T Adam 
{Dundee High School FP). M ABritem 
(Htafttand): P FbeWtBt (Hlg Wands), G 

(Highland}; P Fteckhiut (Htamands). G 

(Htfitarift CGaftndh (BortJUghmuiriH 
Bei (ftghirxis). H Edwards (Boreugh- 
muir. captain). I Rankin (Have of fite). D 
Flockhart (Bacughmuir). 

Japan K IsN: I Sato. T Yostano, E 

Japan K IsN: I Sato. T Yoslmo, E 
Kudo*, r Mm; K Matsuo. » ftufc; r 
Krnurs. T Tai. T Nakano. T Hayashi. S 
Kieitara. Y Kasai, M Tsuttfcta. M CNda. 
Referee: I Bulerwefl (ERU). 

It was cricket weather at the 
Reddings on Saturday, and Bath 
dosed their “innings’* at 36, 
leaving the distinct impression 
that they could have passed the 
half century with ease if it had 

They beat Moseley by six 
con verted tries to nothing — six 
sixes if you like — in their John 
Smith's merit table A match, 
with Barnes scoring a try and 
kicking all the conversions. 

The Bath forwards went 
through their now familiar rou- 
tine of rolling over the oppo- 
sition in tight and loose, and 
Moseley had to do an awful lot 
of tackling to prevent matters 
getting completely out of band. 
Barr did as much of that tackling 
as anybody and also managed to 
be in the vicinity on the few 
occasions when Moseley 
achieved some momentum. 

Bath were solid and efficient, 
though hardly brilliant. The 
match was on a corresponding 
level, partly because of numer- 
ous stoppages for iqjury. 

In the second half Bath lost 
Hall with a pulled hamstring 
and Moseley lost Colwell with 
an injured shoulder. Amtzen 
moved from the centre to take 
Colwell's place at scrum half. 

There was a stoppage of 
another kind in the first half 
when some of the forwards went 
at one another. Referee Fred 
Howard had to remind the 
captains. Hill and Metcalfe, of 
their obligations. By then Bath 
were 18 points up through tries 
by Chikou from a maul. Hall 
from a scrum, and Guscotl from 
a midfield cul by Swift. Moseley 
were made to suffer for several 
missed touch kicks. 

Bath doubled their score in 
the second half with tries by 
Barnes. Swift - from a chip by 
Barnes — and Guscon for the 
second time from a run by Swift. 
SCORERS: Bate Cries: CnScott. Halt. 
Guscon (2k Barnes, Swift eonwntee 

MOSELEY: I Mattstfe (captl: J Gtxxtom, J 
Dosborough, C Amtzan, A Janos; J 
Gatohouw. M Co*wsV (rap i MeMiaank M 
Lmnett. C Barber. G Smith. R Barr. R 
Tuckwood. S Boyle. S Mbsws. K HfcXsy. 
BATH: C Mgrtn: A Swift- J Guscon. S 
Had may. M Sparhes: 5 Barnes. R Hd 
Kant): G cwfcott, Q oawa R lm. a 
R obinson. N Redman. D Cronn. J Has 
(iw N Maston), P Sonpson. 

Raferor F Howard (Liverpool). 

By Bryan Stiles 

Saracens 13 

Bridgend — ...... — 4 

It might be provocative to 
suggest that English teams sa- 
vour meeting powerful sides 
from the Valleys at the height of 
an Indian summer rather than 
in the Stygian gloom of a Welsh 
winter, but on Saturday Sara- 
cens dearly blossomed in the 
hot sun. 

The Welsh had sent only the 
light cavalry to deal with vol- 
atile Saracens in Southgate and 
they paid the price. They were 
defeated by one goal, two tries 
and one penalty goal, to one uy. 
and they were left to ponder that 
Saracens have acquired the 
knack of beating them regularly 
on their own territory. 

Bridgend were certainly prag- 
matic in their approach. They 
gambled that their light brigade 
would win the day and were 
content to save their heavy 
artillery for sterner tattles this 
week, against Llanelli and the 
formidable Pontypool. 

The Welsh will have con- 
firmed the view that conceding 
overwhelming possession in the 
line-out to the opposition pro- 
duces an unwelcome burden. 
They discovered also that 
Howe, who had abandoned the 

north to seek sunnier climes in 
Southgate, revelled in the 
domination he and Partinson 
secured in the line-out. 

In wing-forward KJiaiiii they 
have a tiny gadlly of a player 
who makes up for his lack of 
inches wiih a speed and 
positioning which enables him 
to be in the right attacking spot 
at the right time. Saracens have 
also acquired a promising stand 
o(T. Rudling. He was not put off 
by his ill-judged clearance which 
was charged down and opened 
the way for Bridgend to level the 
scores at 4-4 with a try by 
Gareth Williams in (he 10th 

Steadman. Saracens' cocky 
and capable scrum- half, scored 
both his side's tries. He also 
provided a quick service which 
helped give Saracens a vast 
territorial advantage in the sec- 
ond half and turned a 4-4 
interval score into a handsome 

SCORERS: Saractaw Tries: Swariman 

Batuyode. M Wttnams. P Woott B 
Rudbng. F Steadman: C Retwns. M 
Evans, C Wngfe. A Keay. M Patoroon. J 

Howe. R Khali. L Adamson. 

BRIDGEND: P Goodleaow (rap M Gm- 
fitns): G woooe. S Smnti, S Grabnam. J 
Apsee: A wffuams. H Lewis, M Griffiths, W 
Had. P Edwards. S Apses. D Arthur. P 
Lyons. J Morgan, G Wteams 
REFEREE: P J Wakefield (London). 

Crack Thimdercliffe 

By Michael Stevenson 

Headingley possess a prop 
with the prophetic name of 
Albert Thundereliffe and his 
contribution to their 28-15 vic- 
tory over London Scottish was 
almost as crucial as that of 
Angus Moran, their accom- 
plished stand-ofT half, who was 
in tremendous form. 

Strong and deft in nick and 
maul. Thundereliffe performed 

his light duties with admirable 
solidity and managed to pick up 
and dear to touch, when a try 
seemed protable during Scot- 
tish's second half ralfv that 
carried them from a 22-3 inter- 
val deficit to 22-15, 

The game interspersed good 
moments with a pantomime of 
errors. Mitchell missed four 
penalties for Scottish, two of 
them virtual gifts, before Batten 
took over and kicked marvel- 
lously. their only points coming 
from his five penalties. 

Moran's dusjveness set up 

Headinglcy's first try scored 
from a set scrum on the line by 
Lumlcy and he contributed two 
drop goals (one with each fooil. 
two penalties and two conver- 
sions. Headingley 's other tries 
were scored by Corfield and 

Al Moss Lane. Andrew. 
Melville's possible England 
partner, played his first game for 

Wasps. Liverpool St Helens led 
9-0 at half time, through a 
penalty, try and conversion, all 
by Simms, but a try by Pellow 
and a pushover try. which 
Andrew somehow managed to 
touchdown himself, were both 
converted by Stringer to give 
Wasps an easy victory. 

Waterloo had a much easier 
passage in their Merit Table B 
22-7 win against Blackheath at 
Blundell sands, although until 
Heslop scored (wo splendid fries 
in (he second half it was all 

Law Report September 22 1986 

Using power of arrest 

Newman y Benesch 

Where it was alleged that 
there had been a serious and 
flagrant breach of an injunction, 
restraining a person from 
assaulting or interfering with his 
spouse or from entering the 
matrimonial home, to which a 
power of arrest had been at- 
tached under section 2( 1 ) of the 
Domestic Violence and Matri- 
monial Proceedings Act 1 976. it 
was not wrong in principle for 

the judge to make an ex parte 
order committing the contem- 
nor to prison. 

A belter course, however, 
would be for the court to inform 
the police that the injunction 
appeared to have been breached 
and lhat the alleged comemnor 
should be arrested under the 
1976 Act. 

The Court of Appeal (Sir John 
Donaldson. Master of the Rolls. 
Lord Justice Ralph Gibson and 
Lord Justice NichoIIs) so stated 

on September 19. allowing in 
tan an upeal by Mr Gordon 
“"Wch from an ex pane order 
of Cambridge County Court 
(Judge Garfitl). committing him 
to prison for 12 months for 
breach of a non-molestation 
injunction. The Coun of Appeal 
substituted a term of 28 days. 
ROLLS Said that using the 
power of arrest was a very 
efficient way of bringing an 
alleged comemnor before the 

court. It was more satisfactory 
to do that, so that the court 
couid hear the full facts on an 
inter partes hearing before 
imposing a sentence, than to 
impose the maximum appro- 
priate sentence on the basis of 
the complainant's evidence and 
then, possibly, to have to reduce 
it on the inter panes hearing. 

That approach was supported 
by what Lord Justice Ormrod 
had said in Ansah v Ansah 
((I977J Fam 138. 144). 



« * 4 * « .* SL 


Hard slog 
has little 
reward for 

By SrikomarSen 
Boxing Coiuespoiideiit .. 

Colton McKenzie stood in 
the sunny grounds or Sheudisb 
House. Hemei Hempstead, out- 
side the great tent in which he 
had just had the last contest of 
his career and wondered what 
ten years of hard dog had 


Not very much these days, 
considering other boms with 
less ulent are setting themselves 
up for retirement. All McKenzie 
had to show was pats on the 
back, two Lonsdale Belts, a 
house “with still a few grand to 
pay on it” and a dwindling 
current account at the bank. 

The former champion who 
boxed eight years for Mickey 
Duff and Mike Barren and two 
years for Frank Warren said 
after being stopped in his second 
attempt to regain the title he had 
first won eight years ago: ”1 am 
really sorry that in IS cham- 
pionship fights I've made so 
linie money. I am going see if 
John Morris at the Boxing 
Board and Frank Warren can 
give me a benefit as they do in 
cricket" Warren said yesterday: 
“I shall get in touch with the 
board and work out something 
for him." 

McKenzie, aged 31. was 
clearly trying to regain the 
vacant British light welterweight i 
title not so much for the gjory as < 
for squeezing a little money out i 
the game. But he found his legs 
were not up to rescuing him 
from trouble against Tony 
McKenzie, aged 23, from 

While Clinton opened well, he 
was stunned in the third by a 
right which struck his glove 
guarding his face and 
seemedanchored to the Boor. As 
his defences went to pieces Tony 
McKenzie laid into him with 
more rights finally flooring him 
for the first time in his career . 
with a left hook. 

Ginion said afterwards: "My 
legs just could not move. They 
are gone. I cannot go on any 
more. I have mired." It was not 
a happy commentary on a sport 
which generates millions of 

If McKenzie's training days 
arc over, Errol Christie’s ate just 
Starting in earnest. After strug- 


Shahrastani eyes Arc 
after sparkling gallop 

Prix de 1'Arc de Triomphe 
news crowded everything else 
from the racing stage over the 

Even before the sensational 
announcement that Pat Eddery 
is to replace Greviflc Starkey on 
I Dancing Brave in Europe's most 
1 demanding Flat race was made 
public yesterday, an enormous 
crowd at Newbury on Saturday 
had watched Shahrastani earn 
the right to join Shardari, his 
siabie companion, in a powerful 
dual assault for Michael Stoute 
at Lougchamp on Sunday week. 

Tony Kimberley took the 
mount on the Aga Khan's 
English and Irish Derby winner. 
Cult Lines was on board 
Di hi Stan and Pat Conian made 
the early running on an anony- 
mous grey stable mate. 

An dement of fen* was 
introduced when Barry Hffls's 
pair. Sure Blade and Oriental 
Soldier, joined the work at the 
mile start, but luckily they 
sorted themselves out rounding 
the final bend and both trials- 
look place separately at the wide 

home stretch of the Berkshire 

In the last furlong Shahrastani 
q nicked impressively to go three 
or four lengths dear ofThhistan. 
“That was highly satisfactory," 
said Stoute. "The crowd made a 
terrific .racing atmosphere and 
Shahrastani couldn't have done 
it better. Don't forget that 
Dihistan is very reliable." 

Tire Aga Khan, his flight from 
Sardinia having been delayed by 
ground control problems at 
Rome airport, arrived at 
Newbury too late to watch the 
gallop, but said afterwards: 

By MBchael Seely 

"Walter Swinbum, Michael's 
contract rider, will have the pick 
between the peur. And if Darara. 
my Prix Venneillft winner, does 
not run at Longchamp, Yves- 
Saint Martin wflf ride the other. 
Alain Royer-Dupre wants to 
delay the dedsioa as long as 
posable, as fillies can go on so 
quickly at this time of the year.” 

Barry Hills was also delighted 
with Sine Blade’s gallop and 
confirmed that Sheikh 
Mohammed's impressive win- 
ner of Ascot's St James’s Palace 
Slakes will be ridden by Brent 
Thomson next Saturday against 
Eddery and Pennine Walk m the 
Queen Elizabeth U Stakes en 
route to the Dubai Champion 

Stakes at Newmarket. 

As usual Newbury has staged 

a magnificent afternoon's racing 
made even more enjoyable by 
the heat of the Indian summer. 
And an even more warming 
sight was that of Forest Flower, 
her ears flicking backwards and 
forwards in the last furiong, 
bravely repelling the strong late 
attack of Shady Heights to rave 
lan Balding's amazing little filly 
her thiidvictjory from four starts 
in the Rofceby MflJ Reef Stakes. 

“Tony Ives gave her a marvel- 
lous. nde," said the dated 
Kingsdens handler, “and as 
Charlie Nelson thinks that For- 
est Flower and Minstrella ought 
to avoid each other. I'm inclined 
to agree. So Forest Flower will 
go for cither the Chevetey Park 
Stakes at Newmarket on tbe 
Thursday or tbe Middle Park 
Stakes on the Saturday." 

Raiding , who had earlier initi- 
ated a double by winning the 
Arlington Stakes with Land Of 

ivory, then had the mortifica- 
tion of watching his gallant 
scvcifryear-old. Mailman, fa il by 
three-quarters ofa length to give 
Pbwtr Bender 61b in the Cour- 
age Stakes. Power Bender would 
hive won for mote easily if 
Richard Quinn had not been 
forced to go to the front for too 
soon in a slowly run race and 
Saturday's 5-2 favourite is now 
only a 10-1 chance for tbe 

The big disappointment of the 
afternoon was the running of 
Primary, who feded out early in 
the straight in tire Coral Autumn 
Cup tofoush unplaced behind 
Broken Wave, Hauwmal and 

Broken Wave's victory pro- 
vided a welcome return to form 
for Henry Candy, “Fve had 
every known land of virus and 
several other types as well." be 
commented. “If Broken Wave 
remains in good form, she could 
go for the Sun Chariot Stakes." 

We are now looking f or w ar d 
to tbe delights of Ascot's three- 
day .September meeting. On 
Saturday the highlights win be 
the Queen Elizabeth H Stakes 
and tire one mOe Royal Lodge 
stakes for two-year-olds. 
Eddery, who rode Don’t Forger 
Me to victory at Doncaster for 
Richard Hannon, is earn- to 
partner the Champagne Stakes 
winner in tbe race that has been 
won in the past by such stars as 
Shirley Heights and Efe-Mana- 
Mou. But the Wiltshire trainer 
said: “I'm going to have a look 
at the four-day acceptors al- 
though I may wail for the 
Dewhuret and have a crack at a 
group one." 

-«- v • t-’Sn.x* • 

‘.viy :-£i% 

Asmussen on song 
with four winners 

' The French-based American 
iockev Cash Asmussen. due to 
tofe^Tfrom P« Eddegas 
fim jockey to Vincent O 
in 1987. gave Insh punters a 
taste of the quality that .has 

made ham akgend on both ade* 
Of the Atlantic by riding four 
winners at Leopaidstown on 

Indeed, it could well have 
been a five-timer had he not 
up the mount on Trauma 
in preference for Snow Finch. 

Asmussen got off to a good 
start on Stavros NianposTs new- 
comer FnirV Dancer in the Old 
Bawn FUIies’ Maiden, This 
three-parts sister, to tire Iran 
2,000 Guineas winner Sadlers 
’ Wells started at 5-2 on, coming 
with a lofty home reputation, 

but at the finish she only bad a 
neck to spare over Final 
Moment. ■ - 

The other O'Brien winning 
youngster in the same colours, 
Ancient Times, was much more 

impressive in the Torquay 
XSetL I watched this race 
from the final turn and prang 

mcAncient TtanMl «■£ 

thiixL was going best of all. He 
will have his ine*> 1 “gJ" *5 
Panasonic Betttfora Stakes al 

Willie Hastings-Bass 
achieved b k fi** cwry m 
Ireland when . M * 
carried off the 

sasf 5 t£SMS 


to get up. 

Last Saturday’s Irish 
Cambridgeshire winner. fgr 
Song, made light of her 1210 
penalty in the Hennessy Handi-r 
cap while we got a pointer to the 
forthcoming Irish Cesarewucb 
with Orient Rose carrying a 510 
penalty, plus 41b overweight for 
the services of Asmussen. to a 
runaway six-length wm in die 
Glenboumc Handicap. 


Damister fails by nose 

?< #■ , '-V 

• ' .% * 


•• .* 

' • : «i : 

* ,» , ! .... * 

lan Balding's .flying Forest flower steals a auicfo on tbe 
colts irlioiMafoin die first of bar sex totadNewlnuy’s 
Mill Beef Stakes with a game victory over Shady Brights in 
the festare race at the Berkshire course on Sitefoy 

Damister foiled by only a nose 
to beat Manila. (Jose Samos) in 
the £295.909 Turf Classic (Im 
41) at BeEmont on Saturday. Fat 
Eddery slipped the colt through 
on the Inside coming into tbe 
straight and took the lead, a 
furlong out, but the favourite 
got up to beat him in tbe final 
strides. It was Manila's fifth 
consecutive victory. 

Miesque won the £42369 Prix 
de la Sahunandre (7f) al 
Longchamp yesterd ay . She beat 
Saicura Redco by a length and a 
half; thereby reversing Prix 

Momy running m which s* 1 * 
had finished thud to that filly. 

Paul Keflcway’5 pair ran well. 
Risk Me .coming fourth and 
Gulf King sixth, but the well* 
tucked Genghiz was a very 
disappointing first runner in 
France for Lester Piggott. finish- 
ing only ninth of the ten 
runners. .... 

Knight’s Legend (Grtville 
Starkey) was also disappointing 
in the Prix de Lutece (Im 7 ()l 
G uy Harwood's colt was beaten 
a long way in sixth behind tbo 
comfortable winner AnazkL 

Going: good to firm . Draw: km numbors treat 

2JD AUTUMN SELLING STAKES (£1.014: Im 8yd) (18 runners) 

2 005020 ELMCOTE LAD (CHdmedC Holme 4-50. 

3 000Q0D- FMR CHARTER (T M&tlM) O Bmv 3tl 4-5 

3 000005 FMRCHMI1B) 

7 amooa hrucgreooh 
B 000213 SPMKFOnm 


BSNMHS 4-8-0 


(to (BF1 (a Vttteedey) d Bworth 4*0 



— 14 

Candy can continue 
upward trend with 
double at Leicester 

By Mandarin 

fijing to subdue Adam George of Son OTtenrtder.»2SparfclordLad. 11-2 Chantonnay. 7-1 Up Town Boy, 10- 

Louisiana, a blown-up writer- 1 1 Mr McGregor, Mss Apex. 14-1 otters. 

weight and a late substitute for 
Scan Mann ion. the world-rated 
middleweight, Christie will start 
training with Jimmy Tibbs, the 
experienced trainer who has left 
Terry Lawless and joined Frank 
Warren. “Tibbs wrQ teach him 
how to work inside and sharpen 
him up" Warren said. 

Though winning handsomely 
on points,' Christie blamed his 
inability, to stop George on 
traiping with southpaws for 
Manniou and having to reduce 
wright from 1 1 stone 8 to I1.4at 
short notice. - • 

1 RESULTS: Hwy welgli t (6 roundak K 
Ferdinand (Islington) bt C Shaman (USL 
ko. round 3. Be u l m ii eigh t S Murphy (St 
Atom's) bt A Pair (UvemooQ, pts. Junior 
FHaroid (Wetes) bt G Jonas 


Morris makes 
amends and 
US take Cup 

Lake Forest, Illinois (AP) — 
Kevin Morris and Wheeler 
Stewart led the United Stales to 
victory over a British side in the 
13th International PGA Cup 
marking the Americans’ first 
triumph in the series since 1982. 

The 16-9 final score came on 
the strength of tbe United 
States' 5 'a to 3b win on the 
third and final day of com- 
petition against Great Britain 
and Ireland. 

Morris ended his match with 
Pip Elson 2-up on the 17th green 
at Knollwood Country Cub by 
chipping to within four inches of 
the cup That salvaged an 
approach shot Morris belted 
over tbe green that left him SO 
feet away. 

Stewart holed an 8ft pun fora 
birdie at the same hole for a 2 
and 1 triumph over Martin 
Gray, of Scotland. 

Both men needed victories to 
ofisei the outstanding perfor- 
mance of Denis Durnian, of 
England, who won his fourth 
match on Friday in five rounds 
of golf. Durnian ’s tram mate. 
David Huish, of Scotland, fin- 
ished I -up over Ken Allard. 


White drives 
a bargain 

By Colin McQuillan 

David While, a 31 -year-old 
optical technician from Gates- 
head, Tyne and Wear, yesterday 
took just 17 minutes to win the 
final of the Austin Rover Gub 
Players* Championship at Bran- 
don Hall Coventry. He beat 
Chris Blackman from Waltham 
Cross. Surrey. J5-2. 15-8, off a 
generous handicap of plus 7. 
giving him a 17-point start in 
each game against Blackman, 
who was playing off minus 10. 

The Austin Rover event is 
designed to introduce to squash 
something approaching the 
handicap system in golfLSome 

500 clubs sent their handicap 
champions into the com- 
petition. “I was very lucky with 
the handicap here. " admitted 
White yesterday. “I played off 
plus 4 in my club tournament 
and I was probably worth only 
scratch against Chris." 

White has played club squash 
for the past 14 yean, but never 
won even a major club trophy. 
His prize of an MG Metro worth 
more than £6.000 is nearly 
double the value of last Aprirs 
British Open Championship. 

More sport 
on page 25 

Bath selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Hokusan. 2.30 BLAZING HIGH (nap). 3.0 Rum Gub. 3 JO 
Someone Else. 4.0 Sea Power. 4 JO Gallant Hope. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Mostango. 230 Blazing High. 3.0 Farm Club. 3 JO Lukmarie. 
Michael Seely’s sdectiouJJO SOMEONE ELSE (nap). 

2J0 70RMAHTUN MAfDBt STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,917: 51) (1 5) 

1 ANOTHER MITTIM <P Bymaj R Hukttnwn 9-0 P HuNNnmn B H 

2- KH BLAZHQ WCHJAUSf (Dcfatey Wood Badnq) L RgjoH 90 — B Cm— lay 1 


12 a STRAW VOTE (S Dtgby) N Mfctal 9-0 NON RUNN E RS 

16 ' 00 WHITE 0FM0WlW(P Patau) M McConra* »0. . HHo— ■ 

(5 02003 A7MWm<PG»ncriRHmianfl-lt Bourn 12 

20 00 CtURMMGIUCCflE AngeQDH Jonu8-11 GB«Nr4 

22 EAOiraMESr,-FH)(ARi(l«fds)CAu8«n8-11 .J W liilS 

23 0 FOWL PLAT ILd k48tttw«ti I IMtem 8-11 Q Odd* 14 

24 4400 BWOLOU8 LADY (WJR Rwno*dsj R Latag 6-11 ^RQiwt15 

26 WttmroOYSUTTliaM. FB«on) M fctodgi** B-11 10 

27 ' 40 J0HNKEMAtW(LdTi«MxMCMkOnfi-11 JMUB 

28 OOOM LADY^MMIRCm^ISAltDliciiof Martxiroiighl JDwtopS'TI „ RRn2 

30 00 UMniANIBJODrtAHog^W BroctoB-11 ACMkO 

33 WSINGIIWMinitBl{MrsMSni1j1RSli«jlly 8-11 BT*0WN»7 

11-4 Staging Auvwr, 7-2 Bluing High. SL2 AOayu.7-1 Lady's Manila. Johrkataa, 
NORM: BLAZMQ WON (Ml) 4ti baatan *L 2 bds lo Dm tto Thoao (B-11) 20 fwt 
RAestone 5i sttes ftm Sop 9. ATHAYU(B-11)3rcl botfan XLshhdtoVeryan Bay (8-1 1) 
tl ran. LtagAM 5f sfls good Sap 18. JOtMOM (8 -11} 7t#» baatan am TtKf to 
K>«amat (8-11)9 ran. HaydockHsifcs good to son AoraMAmiANMBjOOY(8-1)W] 

■ 40 40HNKEVM 
ooon unrsiiM 

S uUhinaon 9-0 PHakM 

«d Raring) L RggoU W) _ B 

N Kantts9-oJ!!_ 


Ml _l 

Jonas 3-11. 

3Au8«n8-11 J 

thewsi I Maubews 8-11 I 

»JR Reynoidsi R Lataa 6-11 I 

ah. F Bmon) M htadgrick Ml 


(USA] (Ouca at Marfeorough] J DonfepS-TI 
h Hogan) W Brooks B-11 

94— BCmstafl 



..... NHonral 



J W aa w S 


—— .ROustlS 


J Ratal 

nfOpMI — RR»2 

FORM: BLAZMQ MOM (9-11) 4«i baatan XL 2 bds 10 Daw* Lira Hias* (B-11) 20 twu 
RAmtona fii sifcs ttan Sop 0-ATRAYU(M1)3rd baatan wLshhd to Varyan Bay (8-11) 
tl ran. LtagAata St sflet good Sap 18. JOHMOM (8-11) 7ft baatan am 11W to 
KSvamat (8-1 1)9 ran. HaydocfcSfstks good to soft Apr 9. MARTIAN MBjODY(S-1)Btti 
baatan awar15ltoTatiaa(9-1)16ran.Balh STatka good Sta}3L.SM0MaPMnielR-q 
3TO baatan ?O.Nihd.toFftiily Attached (8-7) 23 ran. Doiwastar 61 saSsbra good Sep >1. 

ZJ0 VICTOmA HOUSE HANDIGAP (8^203: Im 2f 50yd) (13) 

i 1 1 i i-i^ ** 1 * *' 

7-2 JaazM, 4-1 Danyitag, 5-1 Tafc Of Okay. 13-2 Rusty Law. 7-1 waafi, 9-1 
Mczlara, 10-1 Qthara. 

PORM; RUSTY LAW (B-4» 9th baatan osar 71 10 Soto Styta (M) 11 ran. Wofwrtiainpton 
Ira It good to soft Aug 26. FARM CLUB I9G) 881 baatan 9 to Power Bandar (MS) 11 
raa Yarmouth Im 2ln , cap good to 8m Aug 21. DEHHYMNG (8-8) baatan a to Crara- 

Aug 25. «Ia ta uim>. D CIwrm oa G 

8yd) (13) 

2 300032 

i - ' r ■ y T * 'i n t i -^ ‘ i 

Henry Candy, who atfpyed a 
wdconic change offovtune when 
Broken Wave won the Autumn 
Cap at Neabny on Sataaralay, 
can show that his Kingston 
Warren stable has tamed the 
corner by iandmg a doable with 
KNOWN UNE (1-45) and 
FIRST BILL (445) at Leicester 

this afternoon. 

Known Line, by Known Fact 
out of Quay Line, whom Candy 
trained to win the 1979 Park 
Hill Stakes, shaped with great 
promise on her debnt at Salis- 
b* y 12 days ago when she 
finished a six-length fourth to 
Ibtjdaar in a 19-maer maiden 
and was sensibly not subjected 
to a bat’d race once her winning 
chance had gone. 

She is sure to have derived 
great benefit from that gentle 
btrodnetion and, iritfa an ahoM- 
dance of stafcriha on the dam’s 
aide of her pedigree, rim a eems 
snre to appreciate the additional 
farloBg she cacoantet a in the 
first division' of 'the Filbert 
Maiden FilUcs’ Stakes. 

First BUI is stiU a maiden, hot 
sboald pat that m a tt e r right h 
the Headland Estate Ageate 
Handicap. This son of Nicholas 
Bill failed to reach the frame as 
a two-year-old bat pat vf an 
excellent performance when 
making a belated seasonal re- 
appearance at Haydock Pork 
earfier tMs month. 

Having Ms first race for 
almost a year. First Bill was 
■ndexstemUMy backward hot 
belled Ms appearance by making 
practically all the renaing in a 
19-nmner ha ad imp, eventually 
finishing a two kqgth second to 
Misrule- He is save to be 
straigbter in conditioa now and 
can start making up for lost 

The second division of the 
Filbert Maiden FUIies’ Stakes 
featares a number of well-bred 
ne w c o m e rs sack as Gnv, Ice 
House and Royal Respect, bnt I 
am hoprfri -that CAS-EN-BAS. 
an encouraging fifth to Trojan 
Miss at Kcmpton Id days ago, 
cah pat that experience to good. 

LIAM has his third race in 10 
days in tbe Headland Overseas 
Apprentice Stakes and faces 

4 302002 _ 

5 032430 BBtTRAOC (Mfes A Rawdnn) P Matan J Raid 2 

7 003 RAHRSTREET (Mrs LBuctamkQ M Hamm 9-12 GSmtoy 10 

8 OlOOm JOSH! 3MnH(C)(C Scoto RHQidgr8-ll SDnml 

9 4000 CONNBURA OaWN (Bjuvonbom Lid) R Hotair 8-10 HFtatlS 

10 4m LUKMAIOE (Mrr J KharaC MMn 8-10 Q Baxter I 

11 40410 MBRNP STM (B (Mrs B Dsns) RHddar SB Bflmnaaal 

12 0000 roLLYGAL£(MraAUpldB!| HnCRNVwM NQay4 

13 00300 COtMTESSBREE (Ms E Jackman} KCunno(ftm4Rwn 8-2 — ACtadiS 

14 0000 OUR PET (Mra M Karasn) R Harman 7-13 AMcOamS 

15 000000 8EOOWAN (T Mowtoin) W Mgbtaan 7-KJ N Mate* 7 

3-1 Rankatraot 7-2 MutUv. 942 Luchmarie, 11-2 Somacna Bn, 7-1 MantOp Star, 

10-1 Bertmta. 12-1 Josia Srabb. 16-1 oftara. 

Saturday’s results 


1J0 1. Land Of ivory (11-8 fcvfc 2, 
Goorate Rlwr ff’-a; 3. Honor O-IL 6 ran. 
unTBrokan «Sm 00 - 1 ); k htavwmal 

40 1 . Pratam Matte (9-Z); 2. Brent 
Rhnrsida (5-1p 3, Cerarajapira* Baal 02- 
1). London Contact 11-4 fw. 14 ran. Nft 

4 Ji SHERSTON STAKES (3-Y-O: £1^04: Im 5f 12yd) (9) 

1 042311 MGHKNOm.(KAtxMta)B W»07 Bnmnsm 7 

5 023212 HORTHSUt AMETHVST OR (CgM 2 ) (Urs M Cooper) D Bworft 97 

9 CAESAR MP CHAJ O H flFR)(R Mtet) R Mtatiuat 4 

15 004 3HA«re[MA14djklouinWHomM J Ratal 

16 3302 SLANGt VMI (USA) (F Sabniii) H CaMy 9-0 C Ratter (3) 5 

18 004 KMSWCXIRKntaln) JDirtopMI RfS« 

19 000 LA GIMME DAME (to pi Gow) K Bramay 8-11 N Adana I 

22 43-03 SEA POWER (RHoangnonNw Hem 3-11 n Procter 2 

74 High KnowL 114 Sm Po mr. 4-1 Northern AmeitiyaL 8-1 StangMU, 12-1 
KnswiGfc, 20-1 oftera. 


L30 1. Power Bender J5-2 taVk 2, 
Mtetowi (B-1L 3 , Khazder (11-1). 13 ran. 
Itft Chwtina. 

80 1. Print (3-1); 2. Ctaromta as-lfc 3, 
grar^Ptemtactar (10-1). MuMtsdST 8540 

U0 1. Foret* Hewer (4-7 2. Shady 

Heights (7-2k 3. Ruratxwgta (33-1). 9 ran. 

40 l.bmgtotey Sky (7-l):l r-! sh>iiS iti- 
2 tavj; 3. Time# Are fwd (14-1). 14 ran. 


1 A0 1 . Itteh Panege (5-1): 2. Solo Snte 
(11-23:3. Turfah (94fav). 8 ran. 

2.10 1 . Enwrata Eagle (8-1); 2. Tbe 
Mezas (S2J1-JBV); iiwtorage (54 |i- 
tawV 8 ran. 

ZM) 1, Rena Pratap «-!); 2. Hgh 
Tension (94 tavp 3. Mydurrow (3-1). 8 

^110 1 . Ltadeta Magic to« taVfc Z 
A tt e m pt i ng (7-1); 3, Kyveccata (B-lt 13 

340 1. Imperial Bmdee (9-3): 2. Arade 
(10-1): 3. Mandnfta Madm t&t lev). 10 

4.10 1. Cl 
Weaver flO-1 
Sandal Sk 

eng (3-1): 2. Woodman 
Graanewaid Boy (33-1). 
lev. 12 ran. 

4J0 LYEGROVE HANDICAP (£2^73: 5f 167yd) (19) 

2 330000 AMEGHMO IC-p) (J Watsoo) M UoCovT B-O-12 — 4 

4 000320 UWCMGsAHMiytonb Owtera Tiering) 0 tteydb Jew 

5 000001 MUHTARS BR(H Al Me M o mn ) C Benatend 34^ (7t) B Root 5 


ACUAtto tJHea 

crTLyonenPAidur 4-9-1. 
otewdN Wan 34-1 


- SOeanonS 



MADAM MUFFM(G Lock) Jmdtel 3-8-7 


MRS SAUGA (A raj) M SCUM 444 

DUBUNAWE rt ii) M Rpe 345 : — 

GALLANT HOPE (Mra N Outfield) L Coitrel 444^. 
GHSHWWfB) (Mrs EOtJonne*) 0 Ofiomel 342. 
CHACON ML A HaOmd) J Boater 3-7-12------ 

BU.Y W8TBH0ES p Sprague) L CottrMI 4-7-12— 

RHatdemcn34M) — PHatebinaa (^7 

DB9Mrti3-S43 AMoOane2 

Battayi R Nanrwr S4-12 — <3 Starkey 15 

4 Pipe 43-11 

loiter 349 A DUraJT) 13 

tel 347 — Rita 16 

13-64 BT)w0fi3 

94 J Raid 14 

14 — 12 

LConret 4-3- 4 CRettarOTi 

lOOtionneim A Ctanc17 

ley 3-7-12 N Hbm II 

JLCotWO 4-7-12. 19 

440l.LMMnv(8-n taricZl tatn oP- 
4J: a. Not AnroHem (33-1). 7 ran. 


2.15 1. Mnbn Laae (10-1): 2. Mtea Ol 
Avalon (24 tavk 3. Tamuaos (14-1), 12 

2jU I.Cool Mmber(7-A2.GGMagk: 
(2-1 tavhs. Doon Venbev(7-a. 9 ran. 

3.15 1. Thank Hewn »-1k 2. Baau 
Bare fflO-lt 3. Oamgram For Gram fll- 
4). Maxtor Pokey 74tav. 13 raa 

1451, Pdhpei MMf (tg-lj: 2, AIB Tou 
Guay nut a Virgin late M-l fc 4. 
SsscMuueet (12-1)- Haywahi 10040 far. 


4.15 1. SttaOPe caotee M tav): 2. 


Star Tbwt Ite-tJ: 1 OBPwjod RenDwn 
(12-1): 4 , Mr lion (16-1). 17 ran. 

1, Golden P M fctam (11 -It 2. 
Kamatak (SMlk 3. Bmtan Wflng (11-9 P~ 
te^-OoMay Hoirae1l-8p4m.9ran.NB: 
Rezzie Dazzte Boy. 

U 1, Le Cmoeta (8-1): 2, FOgtcei Angle 
(Everts ftv)r 3. Atoold Uarabor (1 1-1). 17 
ran. NFL- MourSn Secrm. Me Of 


2.15 1. Fttafcy Hope (7 -7*: 2 . Dome 
Deux (25-ljc 1 Rush the Bank (R2). 
nymoa 44 tav. 9 ran. NR: NigW Train. 

YJB 1 JtorOi Dewnf33-1k2. IWanaaee 
(7-2): 1 Snob Vatoe (7-4 Im). 7 ran. 

3.15 1. Crtep And Kean (9-4); 2, 
Kantodw CaBng fn-et 3 . Cnrramora 
Outlaw (fo-IL aflrrnra 11-8 lev. B ran. 

345 1. , totoabMen (11-8 tavfe £ 
Hodake (7-2K 3. CBtencuttar (16-1). flrao. 
4.151. PtSlcy Charga ^-4 l»v): £ C«« 

£15 1 . bHftara (8-13 ttwlljeSoirfB- 
4): 3, Jadss Double (14-1). 3 ran. 

Leaders on 
the Flat 


'HUM tela 
HCeca 93 63 32 2 

6 Harwood 87 58 32 2 

JDwtop 77 55 54 0 

M Stoute B2 58 49 1 

PCde 52 42 39 7 

B Ms 49 SS 52 4 

LCtonanf - 48 37 X 2 

MHEjraWby 46 38 46 


■(7-9) Gran. 

2nd baatan M to HMttam Mm 


S SAUGA (7-101 4ft baatan 
1 1. GALLAMT HOPE (M) 3rd baatan 2K1 to 
fenq frm Sap 9 l 


2j 0 1. PeMp cow t (Wft 2. Mwktere 
TYopbytfft-Tl: 3. Buretabutg CM 17 
ran. NR: SnaSw Boar. 

220 1. FAS CU&8: 2, BaeUM Lad 
n-2favfc 3 . Parsons pSdo(7-i)..3ran. Nft 
Qtenrve. Thgmascourt 

M 1. Blandara Clioioe (S-l): 2. Jack 
Ramswji 1-10 i»ik 3. Deep Bcbo (11-®- 
8 ran NR: Moontan Man. 

340 1. Taralno(7-4 tav); 2, Capa (4-lb 
£ Kamag (4-1). 8 ran NR: tahiaaiann,Ta 

PM Eddery 156100 80 5 420.12 
SCautban 128118 88 10 -87 j 09 
W Carson 103 96 88 2 -12028 

G DuffiaU 79 « 61 0 -8927 

G Starkey 73 48 36 8 -1026 

WR Swinbum 72 62 68 1 -79.17 

Thes 68 88 66 1 -135-06 

ROodirane 68 88 61 20 -12155' 

• Roaring Riva (Michael 
Wigham) is the sole English 
challenger for the £17,971 Prix 
de Seine-et-Oise (6f) ai Maiscras- 
Laffine today, while Agathist 
(Willie Ryan) has travelled to 
Norway for the £5J00 Norsk St 

the £5J00 Norsk St 

mneb easier opparitfea than 
when last of foorto Verdant B«y 
at Yanwnth last Tuesday. He 
had previoudy .won a race 
similar to today’s at Chepstow 
and is again favourably treated 
by the conditions this afternoon. 

For the day’s best bet, theagh, 
I took to Bate where Lester 
Piggott sboald saddle- yet an- 
other two-year-eld wmaer hi 
BLAZING HIGH. Thin Anatra- 
ihue-bred colt has shown ex- 
cellent speed to reach the frame 
in hk brat two races at Lingfield 
and Folkestone and wHI be hard 
to catch from tbe Non X drew hi 
the Tormartod Maiden Stakes. 

The form of tee Folkestone 
race, where Blazing High fin- 
ished a dose forth to Days IAe 
These, looks well above-average 
for the Kent coax as these 
immcrfiately behind him in- 
cluded -VivaWi, , previo as ty tee 
Conqueror of Sati - day’i impeea- 
sive Newbasy scoter. Print. 

Abo jast behind nf bu at 
Folkestone came -Veryon Bay, 
who gave Michael DkJnnsan Ms 
test winaer at Tin g fieM on 
Tnesday. With today's oppo- 
sition looking distinctly mod- 
erate, Hnbg High win have 
lew better chance to get off the 

My other principal fancy at 
tbe S oni c net track b SOME- 
ONE ELSE, who chased home 
Toinca Lake at Doncaster £2 
days ago and meets noteiag of 
that calibre hi tee Stephen Lade 
Norany Handkapu 

El Gate scores 

ElCaite (Steve Guthen), tee 
9-10 foveerite, just beat Tommy 
Way (Wfflie Carson) in a des- 
perate finish to tee £41,365 
Gran Premie dTtaUa (lm 4f) in 
Milan yesterday. Henry Cedi's 
colt k now an beaten la three 
races and provided his owner. 
Sheikh Mohammed, with bis 
first group one' raocess with a 

Canteen drove El Caite past 
Tommy Way inside the final 
furlong to win by a hard fogfrt 
■eck with Walter Swin hn m. da 
the Italian horse Tony Bin, only 
a abort head away la third- 



Going: film 

Draw: SMI , low numbers beat 


Y-O: £964; 1m)<t7 tunnera) 

4 ft AFPROAOMB STARR SheaBwr 8-11 

15 EtoLrS PROEM Stou»8-11 1 

16 4 FATAL CHARM (USA) MWOddneon 8-11 A 

28. A KNOWN LMEH^rir^n 

35 .0 HAXMQ MKTORY M AtaiwTil -—Tfo* 

39 00. IOLIJ0OaAJ#l8A)JTtae8-11 PetlMfoS 

43 ■ OMWKWYT Kersey 8-11 

44 ORANOEAUER Boa 8-11- 

45 PEARL BAY (USA) B HMe 8-1 
51 0 ROCK OFAGB W H»n6-11 

S7 ®8 m-EY SCLHURSTP Wtoeyn 8-11 

60 8 IMS TAUJIXeAap 8-11 aaoMwir 

62 ' I mVBlTURIMMwdl-11-. »U*pta{7)8 

63 . WATatOFLOVE(PR)PKmewqr6-n RCtranMIO 

«4- 0 WOQOBERKV Dialog 6-11 ; HMmteS 

3-1 Btay's Pride, « Fatal Chamv 8-1 Known Lino. 8-1 
Rock Of Agee. Mamie. 10-1 TtanoTite. 12-1 olhon. 

Leicester selections 

By Mandarin 

I.45 Known Line. 2.1S Liam. 2.45 Greenhiirs 
Girl. 3-15AlZumumid.J45 Shade OfPale. 4.15 
No Lie. 4.45 Fin* Bill 5.15 Gu-fio-Bas. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
L45 Emily’s Pride. 2.15 No Restraint, 2.45 
Greenhill's Girt 3.15 Al Znmunmd. 3.45 Shade 
of Pale. 4,15 No Lie. 4.45 SobaiL S.15 Kentucky 
Air. ' . ; 

. By hfichael Seely 

3. 15 AlZumuntid- M* Sbade Of Pale. . - - .- 


STAKES^ ,240: Ira 2f) (19) 

3 8100 AaJAOtaR¥toodhou»S9^_-__- MJo»e7 

. 4 0010 BUtoXJMBQflWtadbOBee^M PDaNm4 

8 8414- UAM IQ) M Ryan 3-6-13 — SHbbtat 

5 1108 SARVAfi N CaKegban£4-12 : — — « 

12 0/0- COURT APPEAL UttMtam 4^8. 

H 408 S OLAR CL OUO P MdKmon 44< DMeHe i 

16-808 SURPRISE ATTACK £ Bdti 5^8 AHMcttageU 

20 am OEM MAftT (USA)C HOlmee 446 — — I B 

23~ 649 SMOARtoBL D Tboii 4-8-5 — AOmnyl 

27 0411 HO RESTBASITWHe»linge-Be«e 3-8-3 D ata Btaw 14 
» .0 ■UEDSOElUMrGHDftarS^O— H Oj iS fo elf 

35 WO NAWADOapft BKartxrv SS ' AMbteM17 

36 2008 80UMNjietl Hotter m— -»«Ml 

39 4820 SURE lAWMC Nation 34H» CRmatarS 

40 3008 TPtofBIBACXiACKtCAto )ABaBey^ ■ 

. GAMnetaall 

41 8000 APRtivaxR Holder 3-7-11 StoEeamS 

46 1000 umumjnpfmrnn w-» 

47 mtUiPLEETGHWter»11-- ___ _ 

91 4009 SBAHDUmTFtatiinl3^-11 _DWnerae2 

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Kapil Dev 
India to 

Bjigon £ 

the most likely outcome a draw 
T «* aaainst AiSL 
*“• A L2*L dose m *c fourth 

170 for five in their second 

innings, 347 ahead of India, who 
were aU out for 397 in SS 


Saturday’s play witnessed 
some heated exchanges between 
two sides. In die mornin g 
Kapil Dev com plained three 
tunes to the umpire that Mat- 
thews was scuffing th 

with, his spikes while - _ 

Ptey »*s bnefly held up i^rice 
vnm the umpires warned Reid, 

the Australian fest bowler 
about running down the middle 
of the pitch. 

Australia had baited on for 37 
minutes on Saturday, «riH™c» a 
Anther 18 runs before declari ng 
The Indian batsmen then 
opened on a confident note, 
with Sriklcanth racing to his fifty 
m SS minutes. At lunch be was 
53 not out, out of 65 for the loss 
of Gavaskar, who had played 





Dalglish in no 
mood to 
hand out blame 
in public 

an easy 

forward half-heartedly to 
thews and spooned 

return catch. 

Amaroath was run out at the 
nan-striker’s end after going for 
a non-existent run, though 
Srik lcant h, his partner, never left 
his crease.' Perhaps losing his 
concentration because of the 
incident, Sriklcanth played half- 
cock to" the next delivery and 
was caught by Ritchie for 53. 
^Shastn. who passed 2,000 
Test runs with his first scoring 
Stroke, added 77 with 
Azharuddin, who gave a simple 
stumping chance to Zoehrer 
during his 50, and 64 with 
PandiL But when More played a 
poor stroke to be caught behind 
off Waugh, India were 245 for 
seven, sull needing a further 1 29 
to avoid follow-on. 

Dev proved equal to the 
moment as he carefully steered 
India out of their crisis with a 

mixture of attack and restraint. 

He struck 21 bo undari es in his 
fourth Test century. 

AUSTRALIA: First timings 

DC Boone Kapil DevbSharma 122 

G R March c Kapl Day b Yadav 22 

D M Jones b Yadav 210 

B J Bright c Shastrl b Yadav - 30 

*A R Border c Gavaskar b Shastri - 106 

G M Ritchie run out 13 

GRJ Matthews cPandttb Yadav __ 44 
SR Wttughnotout 12 

Extras 15 

Total (7 wlrta dec) 574 

•tT J ZMtaar. C J McDermott and B A 

Reid did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48,2-206.3-282,4- 

460. 5- 481, 6-544, 7-574. 

BOWLING: Kapil Dev 1SS62-0: Shanna 

16-1-7D-1; Manindar 39-8-1350; Yadav 

49.5- 9-142-4; Shastrl 47-3-161-1; 
Srtkkanth 1-0-6-ft 

Second Innings 

GR Marsh bShastri 11 

DCBoonfcwManinder 49 

O M Jones c AzttanxMn b ManMer 24 

*AR Border b Manindar 27 

GMRfKMflCPBncnbSfnstri ZB 

G R J Matthews not out ..... 27 

SRwau» notour A ; ~ ....'2 

Extras .. „■ — — — .~2 

Total (5 wws) . 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-ftL 2-61.3-84, 4- 

125. 5- 165. 

BOWLING no data): Sharma 60-1 Wh 

KapR Dev 1 -0-5-0; ShaaW-14-WO-ft 

'Manindar 19-2-60-3; Yadav 90-350. 

INDIA: FM Innings 

S M Gavaskar c and b Matthew-—. 8 
K Srtkkantti c FUtchto b Matthews — S3 

'M Amamath run out — . T 

'M Azharuddin c and b Bright 50 

R J Shastrl c Zoehrer b Matthews — 82 
CSPbc® c Waugh b Matthews — * 
•Kaon Dev c Border b Matthews — 119 

tKS More cZeehrarb Waugh * 

C Sharma c Zoehrer b R*d M 

NS Yadav c Border b Bright 19 

Manindar Stogh not out 0 

Extras {b f. to 9, nb 6) — _1° 

• Total 387 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-62.285. MS. £ 

142. 5- 203. 6-280. 7-045. 8-330. W87. ID- 

BOWLWG: McOeftnqjt M«M| R«« 
•18-483-1: Matthews 262-3-1038: Brlrtfrt 
23-3-88-2: Waugh 11-2-44-1. 


Landmark for 
Hughes as 
England win 

From Sydney Friskin 

Spam — - 

England snatched an exciting 
victory over Spain in the mid- 
day sun here yesterday to cele- 
brate Norman Hughes boom- 
ing die firet player to reach 100 
international caps outdoors ana 
Atone for the 1-0 defeat at 
Tcrrassa an Saturday. 

England took the lead when 
Barber cleverly found the un- 
marked Dodds who drove in a 
fine shot, but then paid heavily 
in defence when Roca pounced 
on a stray ball »° **"*““ 
found themselves behind when 
Barber was penalized and de l*as 
scored from a penalty stroke. 

Bui Spanish joy was snon 
lived with Barber equaling 
from a short comer and Kerty- 
with six minutes to go, pouncing 
on a slip in the Spanish defence 

to score a typical goal high into 
the net- 

SPAIN: J f*re= SMrfgWL Jg»d*Ti 

f 5u fr s Batcnworj. n keirwn (aub: 

gw), s Kerty. N Hugh*. ' Swnwrt. 

Umpires: L Gxlisi ana * ft 

SS35: Sum 1 (SWB). W»» "■ 


Longo breaks 
three records 

Colorado Springs (AP) 
Jcannie Longo. of France, set 
three world records in ^ spe- 
daily staged event at theCMym- 
pic Training Center velodrome 
on Saturday when she covered 
10,000 metres in 13mm 
J0.055sec. breaking a record ot 
13-41.519 set in Moscow in 195J 
by Galina Tavera, of the Soviet 

^ Longo also set a 

kilometres - 26.-55.61. The 

vious best time of - 1 - 

set in 1978. by Cornelia J^an 

Oostcr-Hage. £ 

lands. Longo s third world 

was covering 

kilometres in one hour onthe 

track. The records are subject m 

ratification by the imernattonal 

Cyling Um'on- 



you have lost not 

With South amp ton's de- 
fence looking ever more sus- 
pect down the middle in the 
face of increasing pressure, it 
finally took a midfield 

only a game you had ‘"’“J 

you would hare expected wot ^ Uwreason. 
goalkeeper to stop but also 
your substitute with a broken 
leg, then defeat is particularly 
hard to con-template. 

So it was with Kenny 
on Saturday. His 
rose when one re- . 
porter commented harmlessly 
enough afterwards: “Shame 
about Mike Hooper, he’s 
played so wefl." In defence of 
the goalkeeper, who has taken 
oyer from. Grobbelaar, 

Dalglish snapped bade “What 
do you mean, shame? Are you 
blaming him?” 

Well, aren’t you, Kenny?” 

responded Liverpool’s player- 
manager, his face contorting 
itself this way and that in his 
personal post-match anguish. 

What probably rankled 
Dalglish more than any thing 
was that just 10 minutes 
before Hooper had allowed 
Cockerifl’s 67th-minute volley ' 
to slip under his diving body 
for Southampton’s winner, lie 
himself had missed the kind of 
chance he would nor mall y 
have gobbled np. 

When Rush, with a s imilar 
opportunity, proceeded to 
have his effort blocked by 
Shilton, it was dear Liverpool 
could rely on neither of their 
normally so-lethal forwards 
for goals. 

At that stage; few would 
have disagreed with Chris 
Nichofl, the Southampton 
manager’s, assertion that 
“having fallen behind and 
then drawn level, you just had 
to fancy Liverpool then with 

their strength and football.” 
Not so. Liverpool were to be 
undermined by the mistake of 
Hooper who, having earlier, 
with gymnastic brilliance, 
kept out piledrivers from Wal- 
lace and Case, was then to 
deny Cockeril] a second goal 
with bis best save yet In spite 
of his error, Grobbelaar could' 
find it bard to get back. 

Unfortunately, the match, a 
hard one at the best — or worst 
— of times, was to end as it 
began, with an injury. An hour 
after Wallace had retired with 
a possible cracked tibia, Mc- 
Donald. who had just come on 
for NicoL was stretchered off 
with two bones broken in a leg 
after an accidental collision. 
He is uplikeiy to play again 
this season. 

With Wark and Johnston 
around for a midfield slot, 
Liverpool may have no need 
to buy. Neither, it would 
seem, have Southampton. 

SOUTHAMPTON: P Shilton; G Rarest M 
Dennis. J Case. J Gittens. K Bond. G 
Lawrence, G CodcarO. C Clarice. □ 
Armstrong, D Wallace (sub: S Baker). 
LIVERPOOL: M Hooper B Venison. J 
~ M Lswrenson. R WTxseton. Q 

Watford in Only smog 

search of 

By Clive White 

stays from 
smug days 
of Wolves 



Bridge of return: Garry Birtles celebrates a hat-trick at Chelsea to recall his England days and 
consolidate Nottingham Forest’s top spot (photograph: Tommy HindJey). Report, page 30 

Chester’s ideals will live on 


: VGCafiow. 

K Dalglish; S Nicoi (Mils K 
fFfcnti.jMbOy. S McMahon. 

Villa in need of luck 

By Vince Wright 

Aston Villa » 
Norwich City 

Aston Vina need more than a 
new manager to revive their 
fortunes. They could also do 
with a change of hick — some- 
thing which has been conspicu- 
ous by its absence on and off the 
field this season. . 

Despite being without five 
regular first-team players. Villa 
had the better of some untidy 
exchanges during the opening 25 
minutes on Saturday. Then a 
wretched mistake by the recalled 
Hodge gave Norwich a gift of a 
goal and so changed the 
compkadon of the match. This 
defeat — their seventh in eight 
— sent them to the 
Atom of the first division. 

Norwich's spectacular success 
at Villa Park was based on 
sound teamwork. The goal- 
keeper, Ben stead, was well pro- 
tected by his defenders, who 

spotted danger qi 
hams and the 




Phelan used the ball accurately 
and sensibly in midfield. Fur- 
ther forward, the inteftigem runs 
of Drinkdl and Biggins kept 
Evans and EDiott at full stretch. 

The Villa crowd booed Hodge 
whenever he touched the ball. 
His request for a transfer during 
this critical period for the dub 

has not gone down well with the 
supporters, but this kind of 
treatment only helps Villa's 

On Saturday, it may have 
even cost Villa a goal In the 
thirtieth minute. Hodge, who 
was probably shaken by the 
hostility, sold his goalkeeper, 
Poole, yards short with a back- 
pass and Phelan, always alert for 
the unexpected chance, calmly 
sidefooted the.ball home. 

Norwich’s second goal -ar- 
rived just before the interval. 
Biggins finishing after a move 
involving Barham, Gordon and 
Culvcrhouse. Villa’s defence 
was breached again after 54 
minutes by Gordon and eight 
minutes later the Norwich cap- 
tain, Bruce, scored after Villa 
had foiled to dear a corner. 

By this time Villa had lost 
their composure as well as their 
zest. A spiteful foul fay Elliott on 
Biggins earned him a booking 
and Hunt was also booked for 
an equally harsh challenge on 
Barham which led to the mid- 
field player being carried off. 
Stainnxf s late tap-in goal was 
hardly consolation. 

M Known. 

Football has lost one of its 
most respected idealists with the 
death over die weekend of Sir 
Norman Chester, aged 78, Ox- 
ford don, and author of two of 
the most «— whfag investiga- 
tions into the state and fame of 
the game in this country. 

His Initial prognosis in 1968, 
the then controversial 135-page 
Chester Report, called lor rad- 
ical rfiangea, tnrinding a redoc- 
tion In the nnmber of dobs in the 
first- division and the region- 
alization of the lower dmsioos. 

It was largely ignored at foe 
time, but in years to come earned 
his wide recognition for his 
risnoaiy candasfous. 

His second report was com- 
missioned by the Football 
League in 1982, when he was 74, 

and this time to a huge extent, 
was acted upon. 

Jack Damtett, the farmer 
Football League president, who 
worked dosefy with him on the 
later five-man commission, 
which also included John Smith 
(Liverpool). Tony Boyce (Tor- 
quay) and Cliff Lloyd, the 
former PFA secretary, paid 

Martin may 
regret his 

West Ham defender Alvin 
.. . . Martin fears he could lose his 

adSK! A6&* 1 ‘psEtt.' sm wwiS? 8 ient ’ 

P Birch; S stain rod. G Thompson, Off during the 2-0 victory over 
SHoc*>b.AMw ' ----- 

NORWICH CITY: G Banstead; 
iCutveffloura. A Spearing, S Bruce, 

M Phelan. I Butterworth. DWWams. 

KDrinMT. W Biggins, MBerium (Sub: 

I Crook). 0 Gordon 
RsfefMEK Hacks* 

By Chris Moore 

tribute to Sir Norman last night 
as “a man with a perceptive mid 
wide-ranging mind, who despite 
holding firm thoughts, was often 
prepared to change them after 
listening to other viewpoints. 

“He was an excellent admin- 
istrator and a very good friend to 
all those who knew him. I first 
met him about 20 years ago 
when be was appointed chair- 
man of die Chester Committee 
on Football set up by Dennis 
Howell, the then Minister of 

“Subsequently, when the 
Pools Promoters Association 
formed the Football Ground 
Improvement Trust, Norman 
became its first chairman before 
later taking over as vice-chair- 
man of the Football Trust, which 
assisted professional and ama- 
teur football at non-league 

When the Football League set 
np its own inquiry into the state 
of the game in 1983, Duimett 
appointed . Sir Norman as chair- 
man of the commission. 

“A few months later he pro- 
duced a report of which about 

half its recommendations were 
accepted by member dabs. Most 
of the others have also been 
implemented following the res- 
tructuring of the league last 
April,” said Dunnett, who is the 
Notts Comity chair man. 

At the time of the second 
Chester Report, the author said: 
“Although 1 have kept in contact 
with football, moch of my in- 
terest in recent years has bran in 
the grass roots game. I believe 
that everyone who professes to 
follow football should spend at 
least one Sunday morning on 
Hackney Marshes and one Sat- 
urday afternoon watching Har- 
tlepool or Brecon.” 

Sir Norman was working on 
Trust business until his ad- 
mission to hospital last week 
and Richard -Faulkner, the 
Trust's secretary said: “We have 
lost one of foothalTs greatest 
and wisest figures. He had a 
rare combination of talents, 
strength of pnrpose and in- 
dependence of mind and each of 
his reports was a model of clarity 
and common sense.” 

Obituary: Page 14 

Shapeless Coventry 

By David Powell 

Charlton Athletic — 1 
Coventry City 1 


’Charter’ at risk 'ES 

Aston VlUa’B desire to i 
the services of Billy McNeill as 
their new manager was last 
night threatening to drive a 
wedge through the “Chairmen's 
Charter", which forbids the 
poaching of contracted man- 
agers daring the course o J a 
season (Chris Moore writes). 

McNeill's presort, dob, Man- 
chester City, decided at an 
board meeting on 

signs last 

chairmen. But the 
night were that despite City's 
initial rebuff Ellis was still oat 
to get his man. 

There was speariation in 
Manchester yesterday that 
McNeill might be prepared to 

take matters into his own bands . . 

by resigning his City post He bottom as Paul Gascoigne sgoal 
- *!***““« .thro ‘^atnrdav's & vc ^ tiieir first win ofthe 
« Aat teSht season against Wimbledon and 

Luton at Upton Fferk. Martin 
and Brian Stein, Luton forward, 
were dismissed after exchan g in g 
blows in an 80th min ute 

“I could not have picked a 
worse time with Mark Wright 
‘stting back to fitness and 
Obby Robson watching” 
admitted Martin, who will have 
served his automatic two-match 
ban by the time England play 
Northern Ireland in the Euro- 
pean Championship at Wem- 
bley next month and will, 
therefore, be available for 

Newcastle climbed off the 

Saturday night to refuse Doqg 
Ellis, the Vm* chairman, per- 
mission to talk to their manager, 
who still has three years of Ids 

contract to run. 

Since sacking Graham Tarner 
test week, EDis has insisted that 
he would adhere to the code of 
conduct between the League 


want to talk to Vflte and added 
yesterday: “It was something I 
anticipated. The chairman has 
explained the position and 1 wOO 
go away and think it over.” 

Were McNeil] to walk oat, it 
would be in the certain knowl- 
edge that be could drive straight 
down the M6 into the Villa jab. 

Oxford had their striker Jeremy 
Charles sent off at Arsenal but 
still held out for a goalless draw. 

Oldham, second division 
leaders, who bad not previously 
conceded a goal all season, went 
down 5-4 m an amazing match 
at Huddersfield, who were re- 
duced to ten men after having 
Simon Webster sent off 

This was more like the Cov- 
entry we knew — a second 
division side in the making. 

Never in their years of dicing 
with relegation can Coventry 
have looked so languid, yet on 
Saturday they bad a 
Wimbtedonian incentive: a 
chance to lead the league for the 
first time in their history. 

But for Nottingham Forest 
sweeping past Chelsea and 
Chariton showing commend- 
able adventure for a team who 
had lost three matches in succes- 
sion. Coventry would have been 
up there on Saturday night with 
all beneath them. 

Had Jimmy HiU, now a 
Charlton director, still been 
Coventry's manager, be would 
no doubt have been more 
probing in bis post-match analy- 
sis than was George Curtis, the 
managing director. While John 
Sillett controls team affairs, 
Curtis conducts the Press 

“That’s the worst perfor- 
mance since John and 1 have 
taken over - even if you count 
the practice matches,” Curtis 

Cyrille Regis, the only Cov- 
entry player other than Greg 
Downs to emerge with a pass 
mark for effort, was equally 
stinging. “Leave it out,” he said 
to an inquirer who wanted to 
know whether he thought Cov- 
entry could mount a champion- 
ship challenge. 

Coventry’s unbeaten six- 
match run was saved by a goal 
which Lennie Lawrence, the 
Charlton manager, described as 
"pure force". With two minutes 
remaining. Pickering crossed 
only to discover he had no 
support. Bui Johns let the ball 
slip through his fingers and 
Aiztewuod. running in, knocked 
it into his own net. 

Chariton gave home debuts to 
their two new midfield signings, 
Peake and Walsh, the latter 
impressing. But their weakest 
area is among the forwards, who 
have scored only two goals in 
seven matches. A defender, 
Shirtliff. was their marksman on 
Saturday and Lawrence is look- 
ing to strengthen his attack. 

phrey. M Rad. A Peaks, 8 Thompson. P 
StwdiK. R Las. M Swan. J Melrose. U 
Aatawood. C Waisti. 

rows, G Downs, L McGrath. B KUcfine, D 
Ptvftos (sub: G Evans). D Bennett M 
Adams. C Regs, S Sedgley. M Picfcenng. 
Referee: A Gurat 

Watford, once 

exponents of the long game, are 
pulling up short. Before their 
critics start celebrating Graham 
. Taylor’s return to more tra- 
ditional lines one should add 
that it is only temporary, until 
he finds himself another 
beanpole like Jenkins or Reilly. 

For the second time in two 
weeks at Vicarage Road the 
students were showing the 
professor how it should be done 

and left Taylor lamenting: “The 
old Watford would have beaten 
Wednesday and Wimbledon. 

We can no longer do the son of 
things that people say we can do. 
1 only wish we could. 

Certainly a lot of the fun has 
gone out oiwa [ford’s game. The 
arrival of McClelland and 
Coton in defence and the short- 
comings of attack mean lhat the 
welter of goals which often 
compensated for the heavy- 
weight approach is no more. 
Now Taylor must find a way of 
rediscovering the old attacking 
qualities and adding them to the 
new defensive ones. 

Sheffield Wednesday were not 
a very pretty sight either, woe- 
fully in neecf of some subtlety in 
front of goal, which perhaps the 
expensive teenager, Hirst, from 
Barnsley, will give them when 
he is given the chance. It was not 
so much the balL as the laboured 
joke has it. that needed an 
aspirin at half time, as the 

Taylor admitted that it was 
the third “less than pleasurable 
game” that his side had been 
involved in this season and he 
included, honest as ever, the 
undeserved mid-week victory 
against Manchester Uniied. 

Snodin. the Wednesday full- 
back. needed something stron- 
ger than an aspirin after 
Richardson headed Sn odin’s 
bead instead ofthe ball. He was 
badly concussed and as a 
precaution spent the night at 
Watford hospital. 

Why be was not substituted 
after a quarter of an hour when 
the incident occurred instead of 
at half-time is a question better 
answered by Lester Shapter. the 
referee, than the Wednesday 
coaching staff, Snodin, like the 
fighter he is. bounced straight 
back up again instead of taking a 
full count and consequently Mr 
Shapter refused Madden's plea 
for the trainer to come on. “His 
injury upset our balance,” How- 
ard Wilkinson, the Wednesday 
manager, said. 

But there was compensation 
for Wilkinson in winning for a 
change at the school where, you 
might say. he was indoctrinated. 
He owed his first points in 10 
years at Vicarage Road to 
Hodge, his goalkeeper and part 
time centre-back, who dribbles 
the ball forward in much the 
same way as Beasant does for 
Wimbledon but not quite so 

It was more his orthodox 
qualities which threw Watford. 

Colon was just as obstinate at 
the other end until Terry, bis 
own centre-back, fooled him in 
the 65ih minute from close 
range when trying to steer a 
Chamberlain cross to safety. As 
a winning goal the game de- 
served none better. 

WATFORD: A Coton; B Tabat W 
Rostron. K Richardson. S Terry. J 
McClaland. D Bardstoy. L BHssrtt J 
Roberts. K Jackett. W Sterling (sub., N 

i WEDNESDAY: M Hodge; M 
Stertand. G Snodin (sub. A Gregory], L 
Madden. I Kn*jm, M Chamberlain. B 
Manwood. G Megsan, L Chapman. C 

Referee: L Sttaptw. 

When Wolverhampton Wan- 
derers played SSarafey ta the 
1959-60 season a pom sepa- 
rated the clubs at the top of the 
first division. When the dabs 
met on Saturday, there were StSk 
very few points separating than. 
But they are now both to the 
fourth division. 

They are dubs with names 
that recall calMcngth shorn* 
patent leather hairdos and out- 
moded modesties. Old gold and 
black played claret and btoc 
grand old dubs that marched to 
the top of the hill now ma rched 
down again. Both are founder- 
members of the Football League, 
both have won the FA Cop and 
the league. Now the empty acres 
yawn mockingly’. 

Dominating MoUnenx, the 
Wolves ground, is a giant 
cantilevered stand, a nmnamcof 
to the 1970s. to football's great 
age of selF-ddusSou. It is an 
emblem of felly. Football be- 
lieved that it would be forever, 
full of might and power, that the 
people and the money would 
never slop pouring to. and that 
£1.175.000 was a sensible price 
to pay for a footballer, as Wolves 
rated Andy Gray in 1979. Once 
61,315 people watched Wolves 
play Liverpool. On Saturday the 
remaining dregs of traditional 
support for the team brought to 
5.786 souls. On tbe whole it was 
surprising there were so many. 

They were given the football 
of the 1980s all right: long 
clearances, back passes, offside 
decisions, terrific effort, well- 
organized defence, attacks lack- 
ing all imagination, and nasty 
boys shouting rude words, ft 
wasn't a bad match. I suppose, 
as these things go. 

But it was still depressing. 
Wolverhampton, like so many 
medium-sized provincial cities, 
is a depressing place. It seems to 
have given up being a town, at 
least in the middle, and set itself 
up as a shrine to the eternal 
combustion engine. The place 
seems swathed in ring roads 
designed to co-ordinate taste- 
fully with tiie cantilevered stand. 

So many provincial towns 
seem to have been subjected to 
violent centrifugal force, every- 
thing has whizzed from Che 
middle to the rim, poshing the 
outer edges ever further back. 
There are times when I believe 
that all England will become a 
suburb of itself, as the towns 
grow hollow at the heart and the 
suburbs grow proud and fat and 
push ever further into the Green 

But football seems bora anew 
In the suburbs and overspill 
towns In the 1980s: Wimbledon, 
Watford, Oxford. Luton make 
waves while teams and places 
like Burnley and Wolver- 
hampton sink into the fourth 

Nothing is forever, especially 
not in sport- There must have 
been times, as when Wolves won 
the first di vision championship 
three times in the 1950s, that 
football without a successful 
Wolves seemed wholly impos- 
sible. Now a successful Wolves 
belongs to a figment of imagina- 
tion. Mofinenx stands as a great 
tribute to leaping ambition and 
grandiose follies of the past. 
"My name is Ozymandias, king 
of kings. Look on my works, ye 
Mighty and despair.” 

Wolves lost at home, too, to a 
rather good goal by Grewcock. 
An old-fashioned wing, as H 
happens. Calf-length shorn 
would have suited him. 

Strength is top heavy 

Convincing victories by four 
of the five dubs considered 
genuine contenders suggests 
that the race for the Scottish 
championship could be the 
most open in the history of the 
premier division (Hugh Taylor 

Dundee United beat Hamilton 
Academicals 5-1. despite tiie 
absence of several regulars 
through injury. United’s victory 
emphasised the gulf in dass 
between the the lop and bottom 
us goals came easily to Hegarty 
(2). Ferguson (2) and Swrrock. 

There were emphatic wins, 
too. for Celtic and Heart of 
Midlothian. To the delight of 
the Celtic supporters. McStay 

emerged from a period of 
frustration to give his most 
accomplished display of the 

Hibernians loss of form re- 
mains a mystery. Hearts beat 
Motherwell 4-0 and played in 
pleasing style, but it required 
Robertson's arrival as substitute 
to inject zest and bring the goals 
fine outfield play deserved. 

Another international who 
found form was Bert, whose 
mastery of the midfield helped 
Aberdeen beat Clydebank 3-1 at 
Kilbowie Park, but Rangers, 
unbeaten in eight matches, pre- 
sented Dundee, their first win in 
six games. 

First division 
Aston Vila 


Newcastle Utd 


West Hem Uto 




Nottingham For 


Norwich City 
West Ham LW 

_ Wed 


I i^ fin Tpwffli 

Manchester Cky 

Oxford United 
Newcastle UW 
Manchester UW 
Aston Via 

0 Oxford United 

1 Non** 

1 Cover*? 

2 Not* ' 

1 Tottenham 

0 OPR 

1 WtanMedon 

2 Liverpool 

0 Sheffield Wed 
2 Luton Town 


7 5 1 1 22 
4 3 0 ‘ 
4 2 1 
4 1 2 
4 1 2 
3 3 1 

3 3 1 

4 0 
3 2 
3 2 
3 1 
2 3 


Second cfivfsfon 

1 phmooth Aigyto 
0 Cry - . ! Pel 

2 Leeds United 
2 WestBraoMMh 

77wxf division 

Barnsley ■ 

Bradford Catym 

7 16 
13 6 15 
15 11 14 
13 7 13 
12 11 13 
8 4 12 
9 12 

3 12 
7 11 

ID 11 
7 10 

4 9 

7 9 
IS 9 



6 20 

crystal Pal 
Sheffield Utd 
Leeds Unfed 
Hiaaty _ 
Btecktum Rvrs 
Plymouth Argute 
EUnrinofiani City 
Derby Coumy 
Bradford Ctty 
west Bromwich 
Shrewsbury Th 

1 Huddersfield Tn 
Stoke Cay 

Woodford a 
Lowestoft i 

Bristol (»y 

I Town 

Newport Coolly 
Notts County 

ftnaliwhnm furl 

nammmmB un 

York City 

York City 


Doncaster Rvrs 
Bristol Rovers 
Newport County 
Notts County 

Bra n tford 
Mansfield Tfcvwn 
Bolton Wandrs 
Pon Vale 

Rotherham Utd 
Swindon Town 


5 Wigan Ath 
3 Port Vale 
5 P arti ng to n 
3 CaiMeUtd 
P QU fcghem 

1 Bournemouth 

2 Chesterfield 

3 Doncaster Rw* 
2 Adham 

0 Bristol Rovers 
P Swindon Town 

1 Buy 




p w 

6 4 
B 4 
6 S 
6 3 
6 3 

5 3 

6 3 
6 3 
S 3 

6 1 
6 1 
5 1 

5 0 

6 0 
6 1 
5 1 










TlSm' 4 BS^''irDownhui, 4. 3,04 * » 3 

JersSb East .Thurrock 2. Eyrwtou g of Bristol Z Bristol Maw Perm 2; Lakhs# 
ESsa Ravnera Lane 1. Stetfold ft O^Cfoodon 4; PMarsfnld 6, Horeham 

PorffiBM 4, Menthan 3; Wfaiawk 1, 

12 10 
9 8 
IQ 10 
9 9 

6 9 
6 6 

11 12 
8 10 
12 17 
6 11 

4 5 
8 12 
6 8 

5 10 
8 14 

7 14 


A PtS 

4 14 
7 13 

5 12 

7 11 
5 11 
2 11 

8 10 
3 10 


Fourth efivisfon 


Lincoln City 

■ City 
Torquay UU 
Tranmere Rws 
Wo hte rimm p la B 

Swansea City 
Prostan N-End 

Exeter City 
Colchester Utd 
Cambridge Utd 

Southend utd 

0 canfiRCity 

1 Orient 

1 Southend Utd 
1 CrewaAtea 

1 CotctMsurlttd 

2 Ito rihaa pian 
2 AMenhot 

1 Cambridge Utd 

Scottish premier efivisfon 


ci u«w- Pi flu4My iwattfc QnwailBr 

*BS3di. ragettos « a 

- ■* — Sottam 

Tranmere Rvrs 
Scunthorpe Utd 
Cardin cay 
Crewe Alex 
Torquay Utd 

P w o 
8 4 1 
6 4 

5 3 

6 2 
6 3 
G 2 
6 3 

5 3 

6 2 

8 1 
6 1 

Lincoln City 
Hartlepool Utd 
Halifax Town 

8 13 


Dundee Utd 

5 Kberman 
1 Aberdeen 
1 Rangers 

1 Dundee Utd 
4 Hotherwea 
1 FaBdrtc 

Si Mirren 



8 6 2 
B 6 1 
B 5 2 
8 4 2 

8 5 0 
8 4 
B 2 
8 1 
8 1 
8 2 
B 1 
8 0 

3 3 

4 3 
3 4 

1 5 

2 5 
1 7 


A Pts 
6 14 

Scottish first division 
3 Farter Ath 
2 KRmemock 
2 Dumbarton 
2 P arties 
fl Montrose 
1 Dunfetmflne 

Brechin City 



Queen of Sth 



Queen of Slh 

East Fite 




Kima mock 





P W 

9 6 
9 7 
0 3 
9 4 
9 5 
9 a 
9 3 
9 3 2 

9 2 4 

B 1 5 
9 0 
9 0 










3 6 
2 7 



6 15 

7 15 
S 11 
14 11 
10 10 

20 IS 
12 12 
18 IS 
10 11 
a 13 

6 17 
6 22 

Scottish second dMsfon 

ASoa Athletic 3 Snt Johnstone 3 

Ayr Unite- ' 2 EntSMn 1 

Cowdenbeath 1 Arbro a th 0 

Mu dowro m t 5 AMon Raven a 

Queen's Park 0 StHagAki 0 

RaMiRovem 1 O erwidc 1 

Stentmauir 1 Stranraer 3 

Alloa Athlatic 
Raith Rovers 
Stating ABj 
A yrurwed 
Aityon Rovers 
Queen's Par* 
Snt Johnstone 
East Stating 

7 6 
7 4 
7 3 
7 4 
7 4 
7 4 









4 3 

0 5 
3 4 

1 5 

f APte 
16 6 13 
13 3 ID 
12 5 ID 
9 2 10 
9 10 A 
11 13 8 
11 8 7 

8 7 7 

9 12 5 
a 13 5 

7 12 4 
4 9 4 
6 12 3 

8 17 3 

Daiwen 2. 

Bourne & Livfirsodgo 1; Arnold 
KmgsmeU 3. Hoibeecb 1; Borrdwash 
Mcmm 3. Oamby 2: Bafper 3. Harrogate 
ft Spaldng 3. North Ferraw 2; Shotton 
Comrades 5. Esh Wmnmg 0; Smwon 3. 


Revere 2: Raynere 

SMtogw 4. Leighton B 
2 ;HanwtfJijMewportP“ 
St Pater 1. HaraweiH 

3, Fatttao) 

2, Beacons- 

field 1. Norsemen 0: CocM oatet* *. M3M" 
Keynes Boro 2: St MatoaritfrtMy 

Ratrtiam 2: 

PoSST 1~IWri8j0w 1.H» * 

Rutstap 1. Trew 2; Hazed* Aytesteny 1. 

jejaaSRa vap 




Ck Abingdon 0. .Celne 2; 

1: Wottdn 3, 

gS 5toggffl^ ~eaan?B 

Swenley ft Ftenham 2 Wltft i ; Met (Vice 
6, vmwafalB 2; Hsuetom i, Cotttam 2: 
West WWthwn 2, Dorking 2; Harshem 6, 
Fertelgh Rovers 2: Stade Green i.Frimtay 
Green Z Greenwich Boro 5. Harley th 
Maiden Vale 5. CHChesar city ft 
Chartieyl. Portsmouth R NfcPatf iamg 
Fevercham 1; Eghsnt 0. Utfleham ptm Z 
FC Luton 0. H ert ford 4; WaK vy n Gander 
city 2. LWChworin GC ft LMwsdtti 
ftapw -4. Motesw fcPirton ■ a. 
Brtmsttown Rovers 1; BerUtameted 2. 
Kempston Rovers 1; Hubfip Manor 1, 
Hemel Hempstead a Harngey Boro 2. 

Ariasey 2. Anwrslwn 3; 

Does not tnduOe the mult ot\ 
is match between 
fend Wrexham. 

Easton Bray 2. Amptfil 1. 

Corinthian 3. Sluraftam ft ReeNB ft 
Eastbourne Town 1: Cnobham 1, Em- 
bourne United 2; Buroess HB 2, Lancing 
& Greeley Rovers Z Long Budcby 1: 
Cheutown 1. Walsall wwxfb: woiverton 
Z Evesham ft 1 Rushden ft Coventry 
Sporting ft West MUands Pobce i, 
Eastwood Hanley ft Bracktoy 0. HlncUBy 
1; Anstey Nomads 4, Wlgaton Reids 4 
Srereion Social 9. Friar Lane OB 1: 
Trvidate 0. Bridgnorth 1. 

Prescot Cables 4, Burnley Behedere ft 
Mam 3. Curzon Ashton 2: CheaS® ft 
Asmon 1: Lancaster Oty ft CherUM ft 
KirWsy 1. RQGsendale i; Maine Rood ft 
Linotype ft Eren Rovers 1. Ford Moors 
Liverpool ft Draytsden a. Oldham i: 
Pulton Victoria 3. HaswaU ft Atherton 

Aydtf?a 1. Murton 3; Asttngton 2. 
Evenwood 1: Northanerton 0. AmtfMd 
Plain 3; Norton and Stockton Arams 1. 
Harrogate Railway 2; Burscough ft Ath- 
erton LR 1; Skafnercaae ft Rcaon 3: 
WestheWsd. Desborough 1. 

mneftemft Weymouth J;B3»i.KWar*M 
9. Surm United 0: Enfield V. 



2: Boston ft - - _ . - 

Nartnmch 2, Gateshead i. Barnet 5: 
Kidderminster 4. Pncktey 1: Nuneaton 1. 
Weatostone i: Runcorn ft Wefing ft 
Scarborough 2. Dagenham 1; Stafford ft 
Chfflttnham l; TeHorp 1. Maidstone 1, 
Clacton 2. wtsbecti i: Coichesierft Bwy 
1; Great Yarmootti 2. Braintree ft Sudbury 
7. Gortestan 1. 

LEAGUE: Premier dMsfolE BtedOCk 1.S 
and L Cam ft Standard 0, Wfingborp ft 
First dhriamK Cogenhoe 1. dingy ft 
Cocingham ft Timken 0: iretiraar ft 
Towestw i; M i Btecksrone ft Timken 
Dualon 1; O N Chonecks 1. Ramsey ft 
Thrapston ft Mgham 0; WMworthg 3. 

mier dtvWuK Bidetord 3. Weston-super* 
Mare 1; Esmouth ft Barnstaple ft Frame 
1. Mine head 3: Unheard tTMelHshBm i; 
Plymouth Argyfe.ft Chppanhsm 1; 

Premier dfastan: AUreton 3. Guseiey ft 
Eastwood ft Sutton Town T: Pc 
ColierlM 3. Bridkngtort Tnrwy 1. 

LEAGUE: FMdMteon: Accrington Stsn- 
•— D.Boottej LCongtetonl. Fleetwood 0: 

esop A . CSAeroe 5; Nefherfleld ft Leek 
1 : Pennth 4. Statybridge CeMc 3; Win&torp 
3. Radcfafte Boro 0. 

Pbet dMateK Bedfeiman 1, Brandon ft 
BWiop Auckland 1, North Shields ft 
Consett ft Hartlepool 0; Easlngtoa, crook 
2: FerryMI 0. Rvfwae CA V. Gretna 2, 
Blyth Spartans 3; South Bank ft Nflw- 

^*4: f^tefSa°0 Z 'sac2S 

dhuhm: Alnwick i . Stockton ft B&ngtiam 
>.<» 1; Guis borough 0, 

v2?¥ Steugh 4: Httchki a 


Bromlw l|Wyc0mbo 1, FambfflOUtyi ft 
Seeend dhnten nortfc Barton ft 
Heybnaoe ft Cheahuw 0 . Hemsbureb ft 
Cower Row 0. Chesham 1; Wnwihoe ft 

Aveiey3. SeeeM dtvtelM eeiitte Manow 
ft Soutfea ft Wnytaieate <. Camoertey ft 
Woking 3. HamfieJdi. 

vuian: Haywards Haath 2, PeacehevenQ; 

Bridges ft second 
dtvtetoK pairing ft Seatonl2: Frank! ends 
Wlege 1. Bosham 4; uttle Common 4. 
Oakwooa i; Betsy 3. Nawnaven ft 
Storrlfigtonl. Hassocks 1. ■ 

ESSEX LEAGUE: Brentwood 2. 
Savroridgworft 4; Burnham ft East Ham 
1 Chamstord 1. Ford i: Eton Manor 1. 
Purfleefi Woodtorp l, StenstedZ. 

Chreteyft Burton 0 . Mecdesfield ft 
Caernarfon i, Buxton ft Gatesbopugh ft 
Rnyl ft Norwich 3, Hyde 4; Mattock ft 
Southport l; MoracamM ft Worksop 0; 


Lnarpool 1. 

SOUTHEHN LEAGUE Premier driMon: 
Badworth 1 4.jWjentan ft Bramtgnwe 5. 

Baangsuke 1; PAraham ft Dudley ft 
FHiestone 2. Aylesbury ft Gosport ft 
Atvectiureb ft ReddWh Z Crewtey ft 
Shepshed Chartarhoure ft QieutHtord ft 

Buckingham t : Leicester ft Forest Green 
Rovers 4; Mertnyr Tydfil 4. Banbury ft 
Stourbndge 0. Hednesfbrd 5: VS Rugtw 4, 
BUston 0: Wehngborough 1. Sutton 
Coldfield 0. Southern dManc Andover 0. 
Gravesend and N 3; Burnham and H 0. 

aswcw 2 . Canterbury CtyftTontvvtoeft 

Chatham ft Ertth and 8 0; Dunstrae 2. 
Thawt ft Sheppey l, Dorohwter 1; 

TrowBridae 1. tSover 1 : - - 


WteBrtbovflla ft 

Southampton t. Tottenham 7, Readme 1 " 
S®"?? 1 ! J* “tenviOo ij 

Camck 2. Coterame 2; Crusaders 1 
Lmtield ft Glena von i. Larne i; Giannren 
5. Dtsttlery 0; Newty 1, Rxtadown 1. 




Leconte outwits 
Mecir the 
magician to lift 
the title 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, Hautboy 

Henri Leconte raised his 
prize money for the year to- 
roughly £204,000 by beating 
Miloslav Mecir 6-2, 5-7, 6-4, 
6-2 in the singles final of the 
German championships on a 
blustery afternoon yesterday. 
Leconte reached the French 
and Wimbledon semi-finals. 

Mecir, runner-up for the 
United States title, has won 
about £189,000 in 1986. 

These two are among the 
five leading players and are 
more interesting to watch than 
the other three. The final, 
though, was tike one of those 
paintings in which the detail is 
more stimulating than the 
picture as a whole. There were 
a host of dazzling rallies, but 
only a moderate ration of 
thrilling games. 

Both men referred after- 
wards to the effect of the fickle 
breezes. “The wind was strong 
and kept changing direction,** 
Mecir said, "so it was difficult 
to prepare for shots and 
control them.” Leconte, who 
hits harder and tikes to have 
fun at the net, generously 
suggested that the wind had 
helped him: “Most of the time 
Mecir stayed back — and 
today it was difficult to hit 
passing shots." 

Leconte read Mccir’s in- 
tentions better than most 
players do and shared the 
Slovak's indulgence (Mecir is 
a Slovak rather than a Czech) 
in tiie unexpected. Mecir was 
the more subtle in his at- 
tempted trickery, Leconte the 
more forthright. Both used the 
angles wefl. 

Meriris tuning was un- 
certain. He was like a mar 
gjcian having a bad day 
because somebody had tam- 
pered with the props. Other 
features were Leconte's, top- 
spun backhands — which 
would have been less evident 
had Mecir hit consistently 
deep — and the superiority of 
Leconte's serving. If the 
match had a crux, it came in 
the third set when Mecir had 
two fruitless break points for a 
3-1 lead and then played a 

loose game to lose his own 
serviceand go 2-3 down. 

The tennis appealed to (he 
mind rather than the heart 
One was charmed and im- 
pressed rather than excited. 
The rallies, punctuated by 
Mecir's errors, contained so 
many teasing variations of 
length and angle and pace, so 
much bluff and double-bluffi 
that the players sometimes 
took turns to spin around, 
almost bewildered but always 
agile, after having guessed 

The doubles final was 
predictably disappointing for 
. the public. Boris Becker and 
'’Eric Jden, a German team in 
harness for the first time, had 
done well to win four matches 
at the cost of only one set But 
yesterday they were beaten 6- 
4, 6-1. by Sergio Casal and 
Emilio Sanchez, of Spain, one 
of the world’s tight leading 

Even so, it was gratifying to 
have Becker on court for the 
last match of his native 
championships. It was equally 
gratifying that no player in- 
curred a fine at any stage of the 
tournament. The grand mix 
council may have mixed feel- 
ings about that, because the 
income from fines helps to 
finance training schools for 
court officials. 

Finally, the attendance for 
the week was a gratifying 
95,000, a record for the 
championships. Possibly the 
only place in Hamburg that 
was more crowded (on a 
smaller scale) was that famous 
traditional jazz rendezvous, 
the Cotton Cub, where a 
blissful looking tuba player 
bore a striking resemblance to 

Hamburg, incidentally, is ■ 
the only city in the world 
where I have seen two ladies 
playing foe banjo for a living 
in different dubs on the same 
evening. The tennis circuit 
can be wonderfully educa- 
tional if one looks in the 
wrong places. 

SIMPLES: fliral Wn«lr M Mack (Ca) bt K 
Cartoon (Smj) 6-3. 6-2; FW H -Leconte 
(FfJbtM Madr (Cz) $-2. 5-7. 6-4. 64L 


A return 
flight to the 

From Richard Evans 
Los Angeles 

When John McEnroe got back 
to the locker room after his 
semi-final match against Brad 
Gilbert here at the UCLA tennis 
centre. Jack Nicholson was wan- 
ing for him. There was another 
one for the cuckoo’s nesL 

In a match that ranged from 
the sublime to the ridiculous 
and back again, McEnroe 
reached the final of a Nabisco. 
Grand Prix event for the first 
time m 10 months when he 
. defeated Gilbert 6-1, 3-6, 6-3 in 
the Volvo tournament. 
McEnroe will now meet top seed 

Stefan Edberg who dismissed 
his fellow Swede, Peter 
Lundgren, in straight sets. 

In. between producing some of 
- the best tennis he has played . 
since winning the Stockholm ; 
Open last November. McEnroe 
offered a capacity 7,800 crowd 
glimpses of the uncontrollable 
manic side of his nature. I 

McEnroe allowed his I 
concentration to snap at one-all 
in the third set Spotting a 
woman in a court-side box who 
bad been berating him during 
earlier matches, McEnroe 
turned on her angrily and then 
called out "Stand op so every- 
one can see what kind of a fool 
you . are "Miring of yourself" A 
few people in the crowd let it be 
known they thought the fool was 
on court. 

McEnroe soon slipped bade 
into the magical rhythm be had 
displayed in the opening set and 
broke ■ Gilbert's serve with "a 
brilliant reflex voDey and a 
superbly angled backhand 

Any apologies for McEnroe’s 
lapse in behaviour were re- 
served for his wife. Tatum had 
dipped' -into the locker room 
with Nicholson and- some 
friends and was greeted with a 
kiss. “Pm sorry," McEnroe said, 
"tat I didn't say anything too 
bad, did IT 

' Nicholson, an inveterate 
sports fan, produced one of 
those famous leers that brought 
out the straitiackets in One flew 
Over the Cuckoo's NesL Then, as 
McEnroe and Peter Fleming 
prepared for a late night doubles 
match, the actor herded Mrs 
McEnroe and friends off to 
dinner. One way or another, it 
had been a very Hollywood kind 
of evening. 

RESULTS: Charter fteato. P Lundgran 
(Swe) M J Yzaga (Para) 5ft 447*3; S 
Edb«g (SM) btf) HOMagno (US16ft 7-5: 

B GBbcn (US) bt P CntiW] M. 6* J 
McEnroe (US) bt D Pate (Us) 6-3, 7-6; 
aawlftealKj McEnroe (US) WBcabart 
(pL S^BJbyg {Swa^by P 

Anater : S Edberg and A Janyd (Swe) bLC 
Stayn and D Vteser (SA) 7-8, 7-ft P 
Ftemteg and j McEnroe (US) beat P 
6. 7-6 





Croydon. 389pte Z Leads. SSI; & Rea* 
338; 4. Bournemouth. 298; 5. CanSff, 232; 

Lurart September ShWd Fknfc 1, Aider- 
shot I96pnc 2. GEC Avionic*, 190; 3, 
Beagles, 117. 

Kll tang (Bradawl), 10.7nc. 4M 
wk B Aduw (Croydon). 47.84*6 Triple 
M Brown (Harmony). 15.46m. JavetecD 1 

GAP, France: Tear der 
-nritorGarpa n inM toGapfc'trO Romp 

4»mn 04mc 2. N 
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mauv e : 1. L anted*. 21-Oaec: 2. B W il a m e. 
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3mm Stud 2. C Rata. W66 6 C MocMa, 
402.4. IN metres teadtee: 1. N VMkar. 
iSJteec: 2.0 Nelson, 14A3.A-njaoch.14A 
WomaB iNewMKl.PWUL 11.7. 

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63. Hughaenan and Pass Dt Oook and Lsteu 

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fisher 7-5. ££ 7S; VI Fteoson « D Read 6-0. 

6- 2: A Brica U M Lore more S3. S-1: A 
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world seniors teaftaftto aasncTMnl reared 
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Shadow da Dream CSK 


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The greatest show on earth: The > 

and cheap 

The dawn of a hew era for Asia 

From David MlUer 
Seoul . 

Let do we say that- sport 
fosters a ni mos i ty rather than 
fraternity. Iran and Iraq 
marched together into Seoul's 
new Olympic Stadinm on Sat- 
urday, aregnburfy separated 
alphabetically for diplomatic 
gesture only by Jordan. The 
significance is that they both 
me there. Iran hid been absent 
from the Olympic Games in 

Even more politically relevant 
is that the Chinese People’s 
Republic, with their squad of 
391 competitors outnumbered 
only by Japan and Soirfri Korea, 
have given a massive socialist 
vote of confidence and approval 
to one iff the world’s most 
sncceasfdl and confident though 

controversial capitalist states. 

We cannot precisely define 
those moments on which the 
soda! history of the world tarns, 
but sb Us way the 10th Asian 
Games cohU coihe to be seen in 
a small way as one of them. 

Not only did Sonth Korea, laid 
bare bf savage civil war 30 years 
ago, stage the most emotional 
and cMOurfolly magnificent 

opening ceremony hi the history 
of sport, but the 16-day event of 
25 sports, with a record 4,797 


Not much 
to cheer 
at Bedford 

By Nkfiolas Keith 

Bedford .... 

XV ««« 

The weekend -sunshine did 
not throw modi warmth on 
Bedford’s centenary. ~ On Sat- 
urday, they wentdown narrowly 
in a dour, game at Nottingham 
and yesterday, they found their 
Welsh guests too deft with feet 
and hands. 

However, there are signs of a 
Bedford revivaL Orwin, now a 
local publican, has stiffened the 
pack but Bedford still need a 
dose of dynamism among the 
backs, who were vulnerable in 
defence and. besitant in attack 
apart from Canning, a quick- 
silver centre who scored the 
consolation Bedford try, con- 
vened by Key. 

The scratch side took ten 
minutes to find their bearings 
before taking control with the 
Newbridge fly half Turner, a 
positive and influential pres- 
ence. He convened a fine fry at 
the posts by Thomas and then. 

flowing move, Harris 
converting. - 

. A scrappy second-half also 
brought a brief fluny offisticufis 
between Howe and Brown. Fred 
Howard, the international ref- 
eree, coofed tempers by award- 
ing a penalty and a further ten 
metres against Bedford, and 
then gave a penalty try against 
Turnbull for a deliberate knock- 
on when faced with a Welsh 
overlap. Turner converted this , 
and a try by Edmunds but be 
foiled to improve a. second try 
by Thomas. 

SCORERS: BMlIont By: Canty. 

mumrte ott: Kay. Qmfeto mate 

Thomas (3. Brown. Edmum. pmEy ky; 
commfera: Twnar (3). Hams: n to > : 

Thomas {3. Brown. Edmum, panafty ky; 
u m w i riMK Tianar (3). Hanfe n to r- 

BEDFORD: a Kay feapQ; J Tumbu6 K 
Canning. B Ruaamfim, I FowteOi G 
Pri*p:T Ftente. B Gabrtak R WWte. M 
Howe, G BwnwSS. B Bsrkar. J Orertn, M 
WrtghL R Mw. A Jaszczak. 
CTAWSHAVS Xk N Harris; A Edmonds, 
C Ma nl ey . C Bum*. S Fowsft: P Tumar 

Martin, I Brown, % Grifflttia, J 

n atures: F Howard (Urerporf). 

Weekend results 


andMMa 19 Jtepan 27 
M u inlay 0 SaBiSM 

OotterttSa RnalynPMkS 
RktenoadB I MS W B MW 4S 
Watattoo22 rearkfiaatti7 

ttfti 15; Lgicester 
tiramootStlte teM ft 

25, nymoutti 15: 

Bi nn in g hat ii 12: 

13; Newport ai, 

Btffert 7; - 
Po ny priM 16 
Esbar 13; Saracens 16 
of Una 21 . Wakefield 1ft West of 
Scottoid 32. Gtagow High 2ft Broughton 
Park 33. (3ntonwD 16 

NORTH-WEST: Bass Merit Tnbta; Lydnov 
16 Torquay ft St Iras 12. Ro*u#i 6 
Devon MerftTSDIe: BUsfonj ^,'PHpHon 

Devon MraftTUbiK Bfcteftxd 25,’ Pt&aqn 
9. Cororeafl Merit Ttoe: St AuMrt 6 
25. CMb Htoelwr 

— 28, Tlrarton ft 

Newquay 6 Orford LWwsily 19; 
Olwlmnpton 16 Penryn ft Stemomh 16. 
Bvrtoty 1ft Ewnouti 
WMingUte 1ft Truro 21 


CUJBMATCH:Bedtort6 CrewShay'lXV 

competitors mad officlei* .from 
27 nations, transmitted by 19 
national t el evision ; netwufb&i 
npiac i it s part . of foie ambition 
rf three bOOom Asians. 

It is not faidenst that^the 
first visit by. a Prime Minister of 
Japan to die eooatry which they 
colonized from BUI to 1945 
should have cnbcMed with , the 
Asian Games cerem o ny . 

After President Gum Doe 
Hwaa had declared tire Games 
open before a 109,000 crowd. 
Park Sah JOe, president of the 
Korean otganizfog commtitee, 
had perhaps proimetically said 
ia Ms address: “A new era for 
Asia Is d a w nin g. With Asia’s 
advance brio tire world arena, 
and the wnrfcrs people gatherteg 
on oor sod, this new era is. for all 
of OS to share.” 

We can optimistically expect 
Korea to surpass their trimopb 
in two years* time when, if tiuy 
can stay on top of their security 
crisis with their northern acigfc- 
hoars and parfiamentarr rivals; 
they wiD host -the Olynipic 
Games. Over the next two weeks 
we shall witness, I believe, one of 
the reasons why the Soviet 
Union cannot afford to stay 
away in 1988: the accelerating 
■scent of Chinese sportsmen 
wire by the end of this centiny or 
before could have overtaken 

Soviet domhmtfon ofnrach of the 
world’s most accessible, and 
popular " rarf iHin nf. inremnlltre. 
tioo: sport. 

Sadly, the Land of the Mhnr-' 
ing Calm was on Satarday the 

land , of The London November 
drizzle. It had- not rained ia 
Scoal m September 20 for 50. 
years, bnt Typhoon Abby. Mow- 
ing gales WKftvtyfnw the 
South China Sea, cast its damp 
hand on the sbowpiece. It is a 
reSecthNMff the s^eadom- of the 
occasion that tite 1SMB danc- 
and spoept pa gea n t ry perform- 
ers, gaveimt the slightest indica- 
tion that they were ever aware 

They never mimed a car in a' 
kaleidoscope of dazzling colonr 
and exotic dress, femintoe grace 

and mascnfinenntscle, and :)00. 
yean of history which, -frankly, 
made the recent Commonwealth 
Games opening eereraauy seem 
prosaic, eartb-bOHid and cheap. 

Government money, as Robert 
Maxwell would noisily tell as, 
does help. 1 hope that- Denis 
Howell and his committee, who 
are out here parading tire credit- 
able aimS-of ttaMnn before 
the IOCS almost nmich-dnrek 
herd of members, riW talfc ho me 
a video of Satarday ’s extra va- 


Pearce gets off to an 
impressire start 


Gary Pearce gave one of the 
most effective and -'impressive 
debuts evet^made-by a highly- 
pritEd nnpart front "the Welsh 
Rugby Union yesterday when 
he played a full 80 -minutes and 
kicked goals in HalTs tbrilling 
31-26 -wm against 

.It brought a tribute from Lee 
Crooks, the Huff captain, who 
said: “1 told him to concentrate 
on settling down in thefrrst .10 
minutes and get used to the 
game. But be learned quickly, 
and not only kicked goals but 
ran well and did some excellent 
line kicking.” 

Pearce's debut was almost 
soured by Leigh, who came bade 
strongly to take a 26-23 lead in 
the second halfbefore Eastwood 
and Sharp scored late tries. 

St Helens continued their 
free-scoring exploits. They 

allowed HfcHfar to take a 10 
points teadand then ran in three? 
tries in pine -minutes V 
■ WJgai mniritinf^foerr i()0 
per eerit -record and ended 
Bradford Northern's run L.-whh 
secon<Mal^.|p^r from Lydon 
and Ham^bn m a i 20-l0 win: 
Widnes- won : comfortably at 


‘Grinder’ is champion 


‘Tony Gdsthorpe, die York- 
shire urti fl if fir champion, aged 
26, is known as “the, grinder” 
limpet-like Qualities in mrach- 

Yesterday lie showed the 
other side ofhis character in the 
county champions' tournament 
at Trentham, when with rounds 
of 70 (two under par) and 73, he 
beat David Lane, rep rese n ting 
the combined forces of Berk- 
shire, Buckinghamshire and 
Oxfordshire by one stroke. 

Gelstboipe showed, too, two 
different sides of his golf; for, 
after striking four birdies in the 
first seven boles in the moaning, 
he had to refy dn his putter to 
hold bis position at the top. In 
spite of using it three times on 
foe eighth, where be dropped 


Henlow pair’s 
mixed title 

John McConnell and his 
mother-in-law, June Measures, 
of Henlow Bark, Bedfordshire, 
who were beaten semi-finalists 
last year, won the McCarthy and 
Stone national 'mixed pairs 
championship at Bedford yes- 
terday (Gordon Allan writes!. In 
die final they beat Michael 
Trimble and his wife Busy, of 
Malmesbury, 24-19. 

McConnell and Mrs Mea- 
sures ted 1 5-6 after 13 ends but a 
fine recovery by the Trimbles 
setup a grand finish. On the last, 
end, with the score 23-19, the 
Trimbles held four shots, a 
position with winning possibil- - 
dies. But McConnell drew the. 
shot and Trimble failed to drive' 
it out with bis last bowL 

World tides, gold medals and 
tbe-like count for tittle in this, 
game. The Trimbles beat Tony 
Alteock and Pat Bradley 24 -II 
in their semi-final, the second 
shodt result of the weekend. 

OUARTBMWL& M Trimble- and P 
Trfn^JMalmesbunrt 23, R Adams STO W 
Wane pkbaator ftto) 15; A Alcofik 


StetonUta fOtAyl ft J McComte md J. 
■Measures (Henlow P*rw 26, n Simon 
(Hytrin) and P Simon ndngBcrefn 13; P 
Submion (Norfolk) and E Smith infee 
Coanty Cowcft Zft P Une (Aitwrlay) and 
. W UneffiouharruUDn) 16 . 
sa»PMALft Trtnbte and Trkteto 24, 
Max* and Bradtay 1ft McOoimdl and 
Mrasurw 21.Sabbenon and 9mUvl9. 
FINAL: McConnefi and Maastma 2*. 
TtinUa and TrlmUe 16 . • 

two shots, fre had only 27 putts 
in his first round. He pccded 35 
in his second. 

-His afternoon began sketdnfy 

and, after imssnig tbe obvious 
binfie 1 dniee at the SOT yards 
second, he. went from two under 
par to one over at. that troubfe-', 
some eighth- But thatLwsteifoe 
end of fos problems. . . j - ; 

tf .his putter ' was not touted 
by tire same magic, ia 4he 
afternoon " it served him weH 
from 10 feet for a binfie on the, 
11 th and, crnciafly, from 25 -feet 
on the 191-yard That 

finally, took tmn dear of lame, 
two matches ahead. ‘ * ; • 


Thorne off to 
flying start 

Steve, pavis and Willie 
Thorne .were locked at four’ 
frames apiece in the Mazchroom 
professional championship -fi- 
oaL over the best: of 19 frames, 
m SoiHbend last night. 

' With £50.000 for the winner^ 
Thorne hmde the early running, 
taking the first frame. 126-0. 
Davis replied with mas of 35 
and 32 to make it M but a break 
of 44 put Thome 45-8 ahead in 
the third. Davis hit beck to trail 
57-31 then Thorne let in his 
rival for the final green, which 
was . potted but also went in off 
lo surrender the frame. 

Davis’s breaks of 36 and 37 
were enough to win- the next two 
frames. Tn the semMtnals 
Thorne had trailed 44-4 in the 
deciding frame before beating 
the fanner, world champion, 
Dennis Taylor. 6-5. 

RESULTS: MqfcAMte 5 T 
SR. 62S046S>7. 103ft Eft 48- 
Kim Mute ft WThotte bt D 
Taper, Bft . ' _ ‘ 

• Offi'Thoibomr the holder, 
led Alex fSEgms 4^ the end 
of the first ^sioo eff their 17- 
frame final- Tn the tangs. Su-. 
preme Scottish Meters in 
Glaraow. .yestqday.. Thorbum- 
had 5«nTfetddwn.' 

gua for the heoefrt of whoever 
happens to be at No 10. tiorid 
Binuiogham. by' a miracle, get 
the vote next ranti for 1992. 

Mlad you, all was not Quite 
serene hi the grandstand, how- 
ever brilliant the picture for 
televiSMa. There was a mom- 
mental tangle of the VIP 
1 arrangements on arrival below 
deck, so that may IOC nw- 
bera, Mary Gte Haig Indwled, 
found themselves la unprc ected 
seats and were dt en ch ed . 

Dick Pound, «rf Canada, a 
member of the executive board, 
was so oold and wet — “I sat 
there listening to my salt 
Shrinking" — that when be 
rushed off afterwards for a 
sauna, it was 15 ntastts before 
lie started perspiring and he 
scorched . Ms skin. Prince 
Alexander de Menxte, of Bel- 
gium, f fa hm i n of the medical 
commission, merely shrugged. 
“Who’s bothered about protocol, 
anyway?” he .said, when the 
orRanizera later warmed us with 

Security was sb rigorous that 
anyone finding him or herself hi 
the rain and trying to move out of 
it was penn:^Uy 'tensed the 
chance to do »o- They have ways 
of making yon get wet. There, 
were more Sten guns on view 

than mackintoshes; But what a* 

sfeow. ■ 

The Lebanese were the only 
team in the parade that got it 
right They had brought their 
umbrellas for standing waiting 
in formation in the centre of the 
field. One single team remained; 
in formation throughout, at 
attention and refusing to break 
rank: NepaL With the stoic sdf- 
dfsdptine of monmain peogde, 
even the women were unmoved 
as their saris stuck, to them like 
hath naanels. 

Through thedOMwponr, before 
and after, Chmmg Chae Kan and 
Park Mi Son, Korea's leading 
male and female sprinters, had- 
lapped the stadinm with the 
torch and lit the ceremonial 
flame. The dancers and perform- 
ers personified their nation’s 
calm and charm. Their scbool- 
gjris, sometimes 2JDO0 of them 
in unison, were the most sponta- 
neous and 1 nnself conscious I 
have seen on such days. 

We know the technical faefr * 
ities are outstanding. Foreign 

lan g ua g e lerprdatMm, how-^ 

ever, remains a huge stnmblfeg 
Mock at all levels, not least- 
among security chiefs. Yet fr, 
ever a nation deserved. Co suc- 
ceed, now and in two years' time, 
it Is that ofSoath Korea. 


three-day event treble 

' From Jenny MacArthor, BWyBdr, Poland 

Virginia Ceng mid - British 
National Life AsswanoeTs Night . 
Gap Won tite Polish three-day 

eventV'totenwtienai ctiampion- 
ships herc yesterday after ding- 
ing on tope lead, sfaf.bad; held 
'from .die'' start fn; a , serve- 
wacknofr .- fiasl ' -AoWjmnping. 
phase yesterday. . : 

Mrt Leng has now won three 
nugor thcwdajr ©vents, to -one 
year on thteo different Tiorties — 
foe worW championships on 
Priceless in - May, Buxghley on 
Murphy Himself earlier this: 
month, and now Kaly Bor- 

The British woo the ."tami 
event with, ease and the Poles 
were, rewarded .for the happy 
and successful championships 
they bam staged hereby taking 
second place ahead of the 
Amcncanstf : • 

■. - The anticipated American- 
British rivaliy fizzled -one. when 
Kim Mimkin's HMS Dash was 
not presented for yesterday’s 
veterinary inspection. This 
mduu the Americans had bo 
count Bruce Davidson’s poor 
score on Pifot Kid id their team 

. Ian Stark and Sif Wa^ie who, 
typically, were die fastest acres 


is supreme 

Jane Baltic- Wilson won the 
Tayjor Woodrow Grand Prix, 
the supreme title, at Goodwood. 
She. (fid. so in grand style, 
produciiiK some spectacular 
piaffe ana near perfect pne-tune 
C*p ip gf* t from Knocchio, her 
cxtoaoedinaiy. veteran of 17 
yeais. • 

Another anticipated title-win- 
ner was Cathersion Durcb Bid, 
who despite feddng some spar- 
kle following a serious flhiess, 
was stiU good enough to win the 
Prix St Georges and Advanced 

country, dropped from second 
to third, pure afler knocking 
down two showjumping -fences 
-yesteFfeytriVkh Karen Lende, of 
. the United States, doing like- 
wise on The Optimist. - this 
pushed David O’Connor and 
Bolder Raider, competing as 
individuals for the US, up tn. 
second place. This was a 
magnificent achievement for the 
24-year-old O’Connor, who was 
competing at his first champion^ 
ship event . 

* No one, however, lived up 
more to expectations than Mrs 
Leng. She had to go first of all on 
Saturday's cross country — and 
did so with her usual pluck. 

Yesterday, die had to go last in 
; the showjumping. With just one 
fence in hand over O'Connor it 
bccame very tense when she hit . 
the first part of the double. But ' 
Night Cap, looking supertfty fit, 
made no further mistake*. : 


Munt ousts 1 
Bowman - 

George Bowman, the’ 
favourite, foiled to become (he 
four-horse -team champion -for 
. the ninth time in the National 
Carriage Driving Champion- 
ships at-Harrogaie, the last b#-' 
driving event of the year (a 
Special Correspondent writes)—. 
Victory went for the first tirneto 
Peter Mum, driving his Ausqa- 
iian owner, Mr Norman Smith’s 
. Dutch horses, which have been 
together in his charge for jusrr. 
two yeais, ■ - ; r V 

Alwyn Holder finished stipj- 
ond. just ahead of Bowmmu 

6 Mto LCSnp:-,^. 


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11 >n lit 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


• ■ . *f 



• » V.? 

’ . ■ 

■ ■ 




BBC 1 

6-00 £**£* News ■ 

6 - S0 Ksssssa* 

“^9^ m London and Nick 


regional news, 

weatherand traffic at BJ7 

737,757 ara 127- ’ 

Atonal and International 

nwsat7dW,7.30 1 8JKT 

MO and 9.0fh sport at 
7.20 and Molahda 
review of the momlr 
newspapers at l 

„ KffiS* 

9-20 Ceefax 1030 Play School 
pr^ented by Jane Hardy 

™ol^.SI anBrad ^ 

12.25 Sons* of Prate* from the 
Town Church of St Peter 
Port, Guernsey (shown 
^ yesterdayKCoefax) 

1,00 J**"* Aftor Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 

Laurie Mayer, indudes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1.25 Regional 
news. The weather 
prospects oome from Bffl 
Giles 1 JO Postman Pat. A 

See-Saw programme for 
foe wry young. (D 1.45 


2X0 Assembly 

1985. The opening of foe 
. Conference including 
speeches by Des Wfeon. 
efect and foe leader of the 

SDP; DavW Owen 3JE2 

Regional news 
PwintheSky. For the 
very young 4.10 Wizbft 
4.20 The Mysterious 
Cities of Gold. Animated 
drama serial about two 


— ifo America for secret 
cities 4.45 Beat the 
Teacher. Paul Jones 
presents another round of 
the pupils versus teachers 


5.00 John Craven’s 

Newsround 5.10 Blue 
Peter. Simon Groom cuts 
com on a Devon form and 
reports on the changes in 
harvesting from the time 
Shire horses pulled 
binders to the hi-tech 
combine harvesters of 
today (Ceefax) 

5.35 The FMntstones. 

plot. I 

iui a iiiuutun 

) family 

i Sue Lawfey and 
arvey Weather 


series about a modem 
Stone Age fam 

6.00 News with Sue 
Andrew Harvey 

&35 London Phis. 

7.00 Wogan 
are An 


multi-faceted Maya 
Angelou who also 

K Ides the musio 
on Earth. Part four of 
David Attenboroughs 
series examines the insect 
world, (r) (Ceefax) 

8 JO Brush Strokes. Lesley 
eventually persuades her 
father to fat her spend an 
evening with his 
womanizing employee. 
Jacto, on condition that 
they stay m and watch a 
video of Watership Down 
But, muses father, wfll a 
film about rabbits really 
keep their mlndsoff oamal 
matters. Starring Karl 
Howman, Kim Thomson, 
and Gary Waldhom 

9.00 News with Julia Somervitfe 
and John Humphrys 
Regional news and 

930 Panorama; The National 
Health. The first of two 
programmes on the state 
of the National health 
service Reporter 
Margaret Jay talks to 
doctors, nurses and 
patients in a variety of 
hospitals m the Blackburn, 
Hyndbum and Ribble 
Valley District Health 

10.10 Film; A Touch of Class 
(19721 starring George 
Segal and Glenda Jackson 
as an unHkely pair of 
lovers. He Is a married 
insurance agent, she a 
rag-trade pirate Life m 
London Is too complicated 
so they book a naughty 
week in Marbella but even 
at the airport their comic 
troubles begin Directed 
by Melvin Frank 
11.55 Weather. 


6-15 Good Momfng Britain 
grosOTted by Anna 
Diamond and Adrian 
Brown. News whh David 

fS^ 640 - 7 * 00 * 7 *®* 

8-00, 8JQ and 9J»; 
financial news at 635: 

. sport at KM and 7.40; 
wai^s at 8 J5; cartoon 
at7.25g pop music at 7.56. 
The After Nine guests are 
chad cam expert Penelope 
Leach; and foe founder of 
Tne Body Shop, Anita 


Thames news headlines. 
9.30 For Schools; part one of a 
dramatized version of 
Peter and foe Wolf M7 A 
day in the Hfe of an 
ambulance crew 839 The 
tele of the Tortoise's Tug 
Of War 10.11 Designing 
houses 10-28 Drawing 

11-07 Maths: the number 
T 11-19 Students assess 
a school enterprise 1141 
Science and technology: 

1 12-00 Tmtimo and Claudia, (r) 
12.10 Let's Pretend to the 
taleof The Ptaydough 
, Statue, (r) 

1*230 Medicine Matters! This 
Anal pr o gramme of the 
series examines the 
options open to the ekterfy 
and foe provisions made 
by health and sociaf 

1.00 News 1 JO Thames News 
with Robin Houston. 

1-30 FBbk The Thirty Mns 
Steps (1978) starring 
Robert PoweB. John 
Buchan's spy footer about 

foe plot to assassinate foe 
Great Prime Minister 
while on a visit to London. 
A British secret service 
agent takes refuge in the 
apartment of Riohard 
Hannay who then, 

“ gly. becomes 
fin the murderous 
. Directed by Don 

3.25 Thames newt headffnes 
3.30 The Young Doctors. 
4010 Tickle on foe Turn. ViSage 
foies for children 4.1 0 
Daffy Duck. Cartoon 4J0 
He-Man and Masters of 
the Universe. Animated 
science fiction adventures. 
445 Dmnaramm Pig 

Ignora nc e. The story of a 
young offender who Is 
sent to an inner-city form. 
{Oracle) ■ 

5.15 Btoekbuetefs. 

5.45 News 6410 Thames news. 
635 Help! Community action 
news from Viv Taylor Gee. 
6.35 Crossroads- Lorraine 
persuades Anne-Marie to 
attend a pregnancy cSnfc. 
7.00 Coro na tion Street There 
is good news for Betty 
Turpin. (Oracle) 

7.30 In Private, hi PuhflcrThB 
Prince and Princess of 
Wales. The second of two 
programmes about the 
necoc working and 
personal fives of the royal 
couple- (Oracle) 

8.30 World in Action: Getting 
Away.WBhMunfer.The . .. 
story of how violent men 
have been given new 
identities after turning 
‘Supergrass' (see Choice). 

94)0 ParatSse Postponed. Part 
two of John Mortimer’s 
novel and Henry Skncox 
receives an offer from a 
Hollywood producer whHe 
his brother Fred wishes to 
emulate Dr Salter. (Oracle) 

1 104)0 News at Ten and weather, 
followed by Thames news 

! 1030 Movies from the Mansion. 
Chris Kelly introduces a 
celebration of 50 years of 
Pinewood Studios. 

! 1130 The Haunted Garden. An 
American pilot becomes 
involved with a beautiful 
young woman. The man's 
background is not known 
but he shares the same 
name as a pitot who was 
kffled during the war when 
his 'plane crashed in the 

garden where the two first 
met Starring Judf Bowker 
an Alex Hyde White. 

124)0 WorM Chess 

Championship. The latest 
news from Leningrad. 

1230 Night Thoughts. 

Robert MacNeD presents The 
Story of Eagfish: BBC 2 8.05pm 

(BBC2. 8.05pm) starts by 
unrolling a plethora of 
statistics to support the 
contention that English Is the 
most tofluential language In foe 
worid. Did you know It is used 

for W per oent of computer data 
and 75 per cent of telegrams 
and telexes and by almost every 
air traffic controller? To 
demonstrate the variety of the 
tongue, the programme 
offers a quick flip through BBC 
English arid American EncUsti 
and the language of feminism 
The Canadian accent of the 
presenter, Robert McNea, is a 
useful reminder of the way 
foe language was spread by 
colonialism. The Story of 
English stretches over nine 
.weeks, and visits locations as 
diverse as the Cockney East End 
and the American Wild West 
It promises to be an entertaining 


survey of a subject not 
naturally suiteo to a visual 

830pm) returns for Its 24th year 
with new opening titles and 
an edtkui called Getting Away 
With Murder It looks attire 
dubious ethics of foe supergrass 

a life of involvement in 
serious crime, includrtg 
murder, was #ven a fafee identity 
and set un in a home in Derby 
in return tor-favours to foe police 
From foe house he organised 
a gang of armed robbers which 
terrorised the East Midlands. 
Bennett himself is serving K) 

years for his part 
a bookie's shop during which 
extracted £74)00 at gunpoint. 


It appears that his case in not 
unusual. A self-confessed 
killer. James WQIamson. says he 
knows at least seven other 
violent men who have been set at 
liberty by the police, and 
provided with with houses, 
money and false names 

LANDSCAPE (Radio 4, 8.43am) 
is a 10-part serialisation of 
Don Haworth's just published 
memoir of his Lancashire 
childhood to the 1920s. It is a 
precise, unforced evocation 
of pie shops and cobbled streets 
and the joy of waking up on 
Christmas morning to a bolster 
full of presents. But with 
respect to the reader, Stephen 
Thome, it seems perverse to 
tell the story In a Home Counties 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2 

6-55 Open University; Maths - 
Modeling Pollution. Ends 
at 730. £00 Ceefax. 


Open School: a 

f five programmes 
! archaeological 

leelch air-bound 
teenager is determined to 
get a job when she leaves 
school 10.00 For four- and 
five-year olds 10.15 Music: 
foe regular beat of 
footsteps 1038 Heads, 
bodies and legs 11.00 ' 
Communication 1132 
Third year options at 
school 11.45 Herod - the 
first of five 
on foe 

background to the 

124)8 i-towsoaps explore some 
of foe problems of 
growing up 1IL40 Why has 
Britain supped to a tow 
position to the economic 
growth table? 14)5 
Microtechnology, (ends at 
1.30) 1.38 Furniture 
making 2-00 Words and 
pictures 2.15 Concrete. 

235 Sign Extra. Two 

programmes from the 
Parent Programme series, 
adapted for the hearing 
impaired. 3.05 Ceefax. 

330 Literal Assembly 1986. 
This session’s debates 
include Partnership at 
Work. 54)5 Ceefax. 

535 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather 
530 Championship Darts. The 
Unipart British 

64)0 Him: Charlie Chen’s 
Secret* fl 936) starring 
Warner Otano and Charles 
Quigley An heir to a 
fortune disappears but 
then makes a stumbling 
entrance out of thick fog 
only to be immediately 
shot dead. Directed by 
Gordon WRes. 

7.10 Championship Darts. The 
first of the second round 
matches to the Unipart 
British Championship. 

735 Open to Question. This 
first of a new series of 
programmes in which 
young people question 
prominent individuals 
features Derek Hatton and 
John Macreadie who are 
asked about MiHtant's role 
in the Labour Party. . 

84)5 The Story of English. A 
new nine-part series 
introduced by Robert - - 
MacNeB. (see Choice) 

94)0 The Paul Daniels Magic . 
Show. By Ttotagel the 
magician manages to 
make Excaflbur rise from 
the waters of a lake. In the -| 
studto tils guests are 
Arthur Lintgen; close-up 
magician Johnny Paut and 
the acrobatic Bauer family. 

9.45 Naked Video. Comedy 
sketches from, among 
others, Helen Lederer and 
Ron Bain, (r) (Ceefax) 

10.10 Famous Last Words. Lord 
Home is foe second 
person in this series who 
has the chance to correct 
Ws obituary . 

1030 Ne w sn i g h t Includes news 
from the Liberal Party 
Assembly and an interview 
with the former Russian 
dissident Anatoly 
Shcharanksky 1130 

1135 Championship Darts. 
Second round action In 
foe UntpartBritish 

12.10 Open University: The 
Golden Rule. . 


235 The Puppet Man. Part four 

of the dramatized 
documentary series based 
on puppeteer and author 
Walter Wilkinson's 
account of his first journey 
with his puppet booth 
through Somerset and 
NortnDevon, in 1925. (r) 
3.10 Stepping Out. A 

documentary sequel to 
Who Are the Debolts?, the 
story of a remarkable 
family, the mother and 
father of which adopted 
some 1 9 children, most of 
them disabled. This 
documentary shows how 
the children are 
progressing, especially 
one severely handicapped 
boy being prepared for Ms 
first day at scrioo]. (r) 

44)0 Hands. Moling In 
Meath by the 
stone-grinding method, (r) 
430 The Gong Show Chuck 
Barns roll call of 
talentless hopefuls this 
afternoon includes Ira 
Flicker, the overweight 
singing angeL 

54)0 World Alive: Spain. The 
first of a repeated nine- 
part series on foe wildife 
of Spain. 

530 S Dents, Please* A 
condensed version of 
' Cecil BDeMille's The 
Road to Yesterday 
starring William Boyd, 
about a couple who have 
their Jazz Age troubles put 
into perspective by being 
transported back to foe 
Middle Ages, (i) 

6.00 I Could DoThat. The 
second in the series of six 

programmes foitowfog the 
progress of four young 
people from the North- 
east who each want to 
start their own businesses. 
630 Home and Dry. 

Dramatized account of a 
couple, buying their own 
house, who decide to do 
their own conveyancing, (r) 
74)0 Channel 4 News with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen includes 
coverage of President 
Reagan's address to the 
United Nations. 

730 Comment frompoTiticai 
activist Anna joy David. 

84)0 Brookside. Karen 
- summons upthe 
to ten her mother that 
is moving in with Guy 
830 Fairty Secret Amry. Harry 
Truscott has infitrated the 
communist cell only to be 
confronted with a buxom 
blonde and his 
son. (Grade) 

94)0 St Elsewhere. Dr Craig'S 
30th wedding anniversary 
sees the arrival of long- 
tost brother WBfiam; and 
Dr Axelrod believes he has 
killed Mrs Hufnagd. 

935 4 Minutes: Hands On, by 
Jon Stephen Fink. An old 
man leaves a box on a 
doorstep. It contains a 
talking head. 

10.00 OH. Part three of the 

series on the history of the 
oil industry examines the 
rise of the giant oil 
companies after the 
• Second Worid War 
114)0 The Eleventh Hour Silent 
Pioneers. A documentary 
from the United States 
centred on older gay men 
and lesbians. Followed by 
On Guard, a fantasy 
forfller described as a 
’lesbian feminist Charfie’s 
Angels' Ends at 1230. 



( Radio 4 ) 

long wave (s) Stereo on VHF 
S Shipping 64)0 News Briefing: 

6.10 Farming Week 635 
Prayer rorthel 
630 Today, fnd 630,1 . 

830 News Summary 
6.45 Business News 635, 
735 Weather 74)0, 64M 
Today's News 735, 635 
Sport 7.45 Thought for 
the Day 

835 The Week on 4 
843 Figures In a 

Landscape (new series) 
Playwrigh t Don Haworth's 
au to biography of his 
chfldhood, read in ten parts 
by Stephen Thorne 837 
Weather: Travel 
94)0 News 

94)5 Start foe week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

104)0 News: ASmalCc 
Living. Jeantoe McMi 
on the defights of (tvtog to 
rural Britain. 

1030 Morning Story: Beware 
of the Dog. by Roald 

1045 Daily Service from St 
Gecnge's Church, 

Brandon HUI, Bristol (s) 

114)0 News; Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian . 

Johnston vtsfts Chesterfield 
to Derbyshire. 

1148 Poetry Please! Listeners 
requests presented by 
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124)0 News: You and Yours. 

Consumer affairs. 

1237 Top Of the Form. 

Nationwide general 
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24)0 News; Woman's Hour 
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730 On Your Farm. A new 
system which afiows - 
animals to become over-let 
before sfimmtog them 

downfotmarkaL. - 

745 Gardens under Glass. 

Creating a horticultural 
haven m a conservatory 
84)0 The Monday Ptay- 

Welcome to the Times. 


review of British 
Paintings from Private 
Collections at 
Gainsborough House 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Handley Cross, by 

R S Surtees, abridged to 15 
parts (6) 10.29 weather 
1030 The Worid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Ralph Bird's River Race 
Six-oared pilot gigs race 
on the River Fal, a dream 
come true for Comtsh 
boatbuilder Ralph Biro. 

12.10 News; Weather 1233 

VHF (avatabieln England and S 
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Mendelssohn. Overture: 
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LSO/Abado: J C Bach. 

Symphony No 4. in 8 flat 
dementi. Monferrinas 
Nos 1-5. Op 49; Haydn. 
Symphony No 87. to A. 

84)0 News 

Geoffrey Palmer, Fairly Secret 
Army, Channel 4, 836pm. 

flat Dvorak. Silent Woods 
Frans Lelmerson (cello): 
Marti nu, Sextet tor piano and 
wind instruments. Suk. 
Symphonic Poem- Prague. 
Op 26 
9.00 News 

9.05 Tins week s Composers 
Jan Ladisiav Dussak and 
Antoine Relcha. Dussek. 
Harp Sonata in C minor 



. harp); Re 


Scene, lor cor anglais, 
Dussek. The Sufferings 
of the Qu eon of France, Op 
harpsichord); Reicha. 
Symphony in E flat Op 

10.00 Copland P erforms 
Copland. Three Latin 
Sketches. Nonet for Strings. 
Concerto tor pono and 

1030 Dvorak. Quartet in E 
minor (Cypresses No 7): 
Quartet Movement in F, Two 
Waltzes. Op 54: Andante 
appassionato: Bagatelles. 
Op 47 Lmdsay String 
Quamt with lan Brcwm 


1135 Mrtchen Lone (clarinet) 
with Roger Vignolas 
(piano). Schumann. Three 

Hannay. Pied Piper, tor 
clarinet and pre- 
recorded tape; Ernst Toch. 

LuttisiawsJu, Five dance 

12-15 BBC Welsh Symphi 
Orchestra, under 
Thomson, with Mi 
Roscoe (piano). Saint 
Saens. Symphonic Poem: Le 
rouetd'Ornphale: Liszt, 
Totemanz. for piano and 
orchestra; Symphonic 
Poem: Hamlet. 

1410 News 

1.05 Parry Vtolln Sonata In 
one Movement, in B 
(1 878). with Eric Greenberg 
(violin) Roger Vkjnoies 
(piano): Piano Quartet in A 
fiat VHters Piano Quartet. 

24X) Muse Weekly . 

introduced by Michael 

245 New Records. Zeienka, 
Smforaa in C minor 
(Czech PO); Nicolaus Adam 
Strungk. Cantata: teh ref 
zu da, Herr Jesu Christ 
(Musics Antique, 

Cologne); Weber. Piano 
Concerto No 2. In Eflat 
Op 32 (soloist Peter R&sel); 
Schumann. Song Cycle: 
Dchterkebe. Op 48 (Olaf Bar. 
baritone. Geottrev 
Parsons, piano); Strauss. 
Symphonic Poem: Em 
Heldenleben. Op 40 
(Dresden State Opera 

435 News 

54)0 Mainly for Pleasure, 
presented by Brian Kay 

630 Music for Organ, played 
by Graham Barber in St 
Peter Man croft, Norwich 
Works by JG Walfoer 

7.10 BBC PNlharmolnic 
Orchestra under Mark 
Elder, with Lydia Mordkovtch 
(violin). Elgar, 

introduction and Allegro for 
strings; Bred). Violin 
Concerto No 2. in D minor; 
Verdi. Overture: The 
Sicilen Vespers. 

84)5 Cecde Ousset (piano). 

Part 1 • Chopin, Sonata 
No 3. to B minor. Op 58; 
Debussy. Suite: Pour le 

Letter from foe 



Highlands, by John Keay 
Cecils Ousset (part 2). 
Faure. Theme and 
Variation. Op'73; DutfBeux. 
Sonata. ' 

930 Monsieur Maunce. by 
Colette, read by 
Margaret Robertson 
10.00 Jazz Today, presented 
by Charles Fox 
Featuring Out Loud 
114)0 Bach and Reger 

Raphael Walmsch (ceflo) 
Peter Wailfrsch (piano) 

Bach. Sonata No 1. InG 

ma|or(BWV 1072): Reger 

Sonata in A minor OP 

11.57 News 

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Continued on page 26 



the TIMES 

Fkst pabBshed fal78S 

Mansell’s victory 

could prove 
the turning point 

If Nigel Mansell is to be- 
come the 1986 world cham- 
pion he should look back to 
his performance in yesterday's 
Portugese Grand Pnx as prob- 
ably the most decisive effort of 
his Formula One season. 
Mansell, after outsprinting 
Ayrton Senna's JPS Lotus- 
Renauft from the front of the 
starting grid, took his Canon 
Williams-Honda into an im- 
mediate lead and kept it there 
all the way to the chequered 
flag 70 laps later. 

Because he was the last of 
the leading runners to make 
his mid-race pit-slop for fresh 
tyres, he was still in first place 
when be sprinted bade onto 
the track alter an 8.4 second 
halt, yet his lead had never 
been more than 20 seconds 
and for much of the race was 
less than half that. 

By John Blunsden 

efforts to dose the gap. On one 
occasion he managed to get 
alongside at the end of the 
main straight, but Senna had 
the better line into tbe corner 
and remained ahead Then, 
during a final desperate effort 
with six laps to go. Piquet 
spun off on a tight left-hand 
bend and Frost went through 
into third place before he 
could rejoin die race. At this 
point the battle seemed to be 

was stOl able to claim fourth 
place, but this meant only 
three points — not quite 
enough to keep him in tbe 
championship contest 

Renault may 

Now. with two races to go to 
complete this tense season of 
grand prix racing, Nigel 
Mansell, his fifth grand prix 
win of the year under his belt, 
has the satisfaction of a ten- 
point advantage over his clos- 
est challenger — his team 
colleague Piquet - as they 
prepare for the next round in 
Mexico City in three weeks' 

“I knew I had to win this 
one if 1 was still to he in the 
hunt for the championship," 
he said afterwards while 
massaging his back to relieve 
severe cramp. The situation 
had been that tense. 

Estoril (AP) — Renault are 
expected to announce early 
this week that they are pulling 
out of worid championship 
grand prix racing. Authori- 
tative sources -said the action 
would follow the McLaren 
team's decision to stick with 
TAG Porsche engines next 

Any one of Mansell, Piquet 
Kt, who finished 

and Alain Frost, 

With Senna in hot pursuit, 
he had needed to exercise the 
utmost coolness not to over- 
tax his .car or its tyres. 

especially during tbe first part 
of the race when his fuel 1 


was heavy. But by maintain- 
ing an immaculate line, he 
gradually built up a cushion of 
time as Senna, Gerhard Berger 
(Benetton-BMW), Nelson Pi- 
quet (WQliams-Honda) and 
Alain Prost and Keke Rosberg 
(McLaren-TAGs) began their 
long and stirring battle for the 
runner-up position. 

Coupled with the expected 
decision of the International 
Auto Sport Federation (FISA) 
to reintroduce conventional 
engines for grand prix cars, it 
would mark tbe beginning of 
the end of the turbocharged 
era. Renault's racing spokes- 
man, Jean Sage, insisted yes- 
terday that no decision had yet 
been made. 

second in his spue car despite 
a misfire, still have a 
mathematical chance of tak- 
ing the title: But the Canon- 
Williams team are home and 
dry as the 1986 constructors’ 
worid championship: a thor- 
oughly deserved success 
watched in the paddock at 
Estoril by Frank Williams 

RESULTS: 1, N Mansofl (G8L Mtoms- 
‘ n 21 . 8 fl 0 sac 

Ihr 37mln 

, Lotus-ftsnsUt I 

, ArrowvBMW (, 

. Arrows-flMWI 

over and the order remained 
the same into die final lap. 

With Berger gradually drop- 
ping back. Senna, Piquet and 
Frost soon found themselves 
on their own, followed by 
Rosberg, who was also fading 
before bis engine expired 
After the pit-stops Senna 
was still leading the chase, 
despite Piquet's determined 

But then Senna's car sud- 
denly slowed down and his 
pursuers swept by in quick 
procession. Mansell. Prost 
and Piquet had all almost 
completed their cooling down 
lap before the JPS Lotus, 
starved of fuel eventually 
crept onto the finishing 
straight and just trickled over 
the line more than three 
minutes late. As the Ferraris 
of Alboreto and Johansson 
had both been lapped. Senna 


lofMjoiA if nquft 
(Brt. unams-Homftb 1:38:1 1.17a,- 4. A 
Smt {&% Ultus-Oenautt (one lap be- 
hind): 5. M Alioreto (M. Ferrari (ana): 6, S 
Johansson (Swe). wrarf (poet 7. « 


; 10, T Boutaen 
; 11. C Danner 
; 12, J Pafrnsr 
13, A Barg 
14. R P 
B 15. PT 


Benetton-BMW cfe 18, A A cawto 
Minard (27k 19. KRosbern(FM. McLaren 

jp;!?: pi* 

22. P Strew (pi. TroSi (42* 23. M 
Brnnde (GB) Tyrrel ]52fc 24. a Jones 
fAusL Lob-Pord (601: 25. H FtoftmoflHer 
Noth). Zalopeed (61 ); 28, P GHnzsfflW. 
Osato fiSnSji Cap* m, AGS (B4). 

h^BrarfBini-B»lW(eigttt ' 

(Ri LotB-Fcrd (egh$ n> A Nanrtnl 

WORLD CHAM W OM8W . Driven: 1. 
MsnsaO. 70pts: 2. Piquet 60; 3. Prost 59: 

A Sana. 51: 5. Rosbera. 22; B, 
Johansson. 19; 7 equal Alboreto, Arnom 

and Laffila, it 10. Baraer 8; 11. Bnndta, 
5; 1Z Jones 4; 13, Fabi.Patrasa. Dumfries 
andTambey. 2; 17. Staff and Danner. 1. 

: 1, VWKams-Hooda, 130 pis 
1988chem|]ionsk 2. Mctaran-TAG. 81; 3, 


Renault 28; 6. BenethxvOMW. _ 
TyrrafVRensuK and Lote-Fwd, 6; 9, 
BnbfiantBUW. 2 ,- 10. Arromts-BUW. 1. 


Woosnam strolls to victory 

Card of course 

By Mitchell Platte 

bn Woosnam sauntered to 
a convincing victory in the 
Lawrence Batiey Tournament 
Players Championship at the 
Belfry yesterday as his rivals 
perished without the flicker of 

Hole Yds Par Hole Yds Par 

The Welshman's first suc- 
cess on the European circuit 
for more than two years be- 
came a formality once Philip 
Parkin had dropped six shots 
hi four holes from the sixth 
and tbe Spaniard, Jost Rivera, 
had taken seven at the eighth. 




























































Total y arda ge ; 7,176 Pur 72 

Woosnam, who started out 
two shirts ahead of Partin and 
three in front of Rivero, com- 
piled a commendable 69 to win 
by seven shots from Ken 
Brown (69) and Jes6*Maria 

Canizaies (71), with an 11- 
under-par aggregate of 277. 

Moreover, he restored his 
waning confidence following 
months of trials and tribula- 
tions on die greens and 
rediscovered the inspired 
touch with which he helped 
Europe to win the Ryder Cop 


The word telephone just 
isn't enough 

Rainier is the utomate personal communicator. To call it telephone 
e to drastically understate its power and flexibiBty. 

Completely portable, the Roamer is small enough to dip into a briefcase 
or coat pocket toucan use it on the ban tn the country in the city, or in 
your car. It travels with you everywhere you got] 
The Roamer is cummed with features 
and represents foe most advanced and 
desirable personal communication 
■■iV' -'.iSl \ system in the world. 
yiV : v? \ ■ 10 digit LCD display 

l Stores frequently used 

PaMatin PJWwCnuiuxm kj i k mv 4/ Mweawi Steel v\taiiigw»LOiaWwWvi i^l 

I fVdKruAmeRmrieu^DtRamw-iheiJbmAeaninurate T 22/9 ■ 

Name. — ■ 

| Company. 



I — J 

on the Brabazon course here 
12 months ago. 

Even so, it was a facile 
victory in tire end, with Parkin 
tottering from one catastrophe 
to another from the moment he 
struck his intended recovery at 
the sixth against a tree Just 
eight feet in front of him. 

The drive Immediately 
drained out of Parkin, who 
took three putts on the next 

& before going into a 
and the lake at the 
eighth and piling his tee shot 
at the ninth into more trouble. 
He toned in 42. 

When Rivero also drove into 
a hunker at the eighth, then 
watched his hopes of success 
sumberge as his recovery shot 
planged into water, the way 
was dear for Woosnam to 
become the firet British player 
to win a tournament on this 

Woosnam has produced 
more electrifying final rounds, 
but on this occasion he played 
well within himself. little else 
was required and, more im- 
portantly, he captured his first 
European title since the 
Scandinavian Open in 1984. 
“Now that Fve finally won 
again 1 flunk I'D be aide to go 
out and win a couple more 
becanse I've got all my con- 
fidence back," Woosnam said. 

Canirares looked assured of 
second place on his own until 
he became a victim of the 
demanding 18th hole. His six 
there enabled Brown, runner- 
up in the European Open the 
previous Sunday, to finish 
joint second. Brown put to- 
gether a flawless performance 
with three birdies and 15 pars 
and, once again, he dem- 
onstrated that he had learned 
much from playing in the 
United States. 

NO WM stated): 277: 1 Woman. 71, 
71, 66, 59_ 284: K Brown, 73, 70, 72. 69; J 
M Canttaraa (Sp), 70, 72, T1, 7L 286: N 
Kansan. 73, 71, 71, Tk M Man (US), TO, 

72, 72, 72; J Hawtaajj 

R Dnmmone. 75, 57, 

(Sp), 70. 71, TO, 75. : 

0,7^% 7% 

■73; J Rhwro 

Ml I, ill, I I in I A Fonbrono 
m, 68. 70, 74. 280 S Barnett, 71, 
■■ 73; □ Powvrs(USl, 72, 72, 72, 72; 
H Pbwro (50. 73, 72. 71. 72; R SMtn 
QKStJI. 74. 

I II II III I liiimM 



Mason. 71,75, HU 

75: *• Pansonl 

Ratartt; 73. 

77. tCh, 72; BMfaw (USJ, 75, 70. 73, 
72; B MnNnk, 74, 70, 73, 73; T 

JohottOM ram), 73. 70L 74, 73; V 

Fwi a ni m (Aro). 75. 88, 71, 78. 291: R 
La^ 75,60. TKT^LJopm. 7k 75, TOC 73; 
E 0ro,73, 70i 72, 78; P Aten, 78, 68, 70, 
75. 232: D A llml, 72,75,74 ,71; M 
McNUff BA), 75, 70, 75, 72; G am 
(CnLTCte 72, 73; B CMMmt, 75,71, 
SET* S Timm, 79. ten, 73; I* 
Psridn, 74. 67. te 82; 2» AOttwn, 74, 
74, 72, 73; H CJmk. 75, 72. 74 7% M 
rommumm74, te 77, 73; RStmit 

74 N CCfes, 74 73,72,741 Utony. 77, 
rt.nb%TCMn74 7Z74 77S 294 
H BriKsUOA), A ft. 77, 73j B WaBn,^n^roaigMMk 

(US), 75. 71, 70, 74 m 

• Dave Bart, of Canada, shot 
a three-under-par 69 on Sat- 
urday to maintain his lead 
after the third round of the 
Greater Milwaukee Open. 
Barr, at fomteen-under, held a 
one-stroke lead over the South 
African David FrosL 
Frost scored bogejs on the 
first two holes, but recovered 
to score a creditable 68. 


The final flourish: Heath celebrates after scoring the last of Evertoa’s three goals against Manchester United 

Little respite ahead for United 

Stuart Jones 


Manchester United 

Ron Atkinson's woes con- 
tinue. Under most circum- 
stances, a defeat at Goodison 
Park would not be regarded 
with particularly deep con- 
cern. It is, after all, the borne 
of the only unbeaten side left 
in the first division. Yet these 
are no ordinary times for the 
manager of Manchester 

His discomfort,, once con- 
fined within OldTrafford, has 
become increasingly more 
widespread and yesterday 
afternoon it was beamed 
across the land. The evidence 
of United’s shortcomings, wit- 
nessed by only 25,843 within 
the stadium itselfi was laid out 
in front of millions of viewers 
who bothered to tune into 
BBC television. 

United were woefully 
vulnerable in the air in de- 
fence, ragged and unbalanced 
in midfield and notably blunt 
in attack. They lack nothing in 

character (they were the domi- 
* fol 

□ant force for most of the 
second half), but for a dub of 
such stature they were short of 
shape, belief and ideas. 

Atkinson's back four, 
though sound enough on the 

tur£ were no match for 
Everton above it The three 
goals they conceded and all of 
the openings that were other- 
wise created by their oppo- 
nents exposed an aerial 
weakness that is exacerbated 
by the reticence of the largely 
static Turner, comparatively 
small for a goalkeeper. 

He was beaten for the first 
time after a mere five minutes. 
Sharp rose above Sivebaek 
initially to win possession and 
then above Moran to nod in 
Power's subsequent cross off 
the underside of the bar. Had 
Whiteside and Moses ‘not 
cleared off the line, Turner's 
hesitancy would have been 
punished more severely. 

As it was. he conceded 
further goals in the dosing 
seconds of each halfi 
Stapleton’s weak clearance al- 
lowed Sheedy to volley in 
Everton's second and Moran's 
error at tbe end permitted 
Langley to chip onto the 
forehead of Heath. The vic- 
tory lifted them into second 
place behind Nottingham 

United’s defeat left them 
anchored above only Aston 
Villa at the bottom. Atkinson 
may plead that injuries have 
limited his line-up. For the 
first time in 18 months, for 
instance, he was able to in- 
clude Robson, Moses, 

Strachan and Whiteside as his 
midfield quartet Yet they 
were a disjointed unit 

Until Olsen belatedly re- 
placed Whiteside, who ottered 
nothing constructive of note. 
United had no weapon on the 
left, tiie flank where Everton 
were numerically weaker. 
Strachan, on tbe right, in- 
dulged too often in his irritat- 
ing habit of “diving” in an 
attempt to win free kicks to 
provide a consistent threat 

The positive contribution in 
midfield, therefore, was left to 
the admirable Robson, who 
carried the heavy burden as 
willingly as ever. He claimed 
United's lone goal, his first of 
the season, with an eleventh 
minute volley that brushed 
the fingertips of Minims on its 
way in. Nor was that his only 
inspirational moment 

He led United's vain search 
for an equalizer but, in spite of 
several dear opportunities, 
the accuracy of his colleagues 
and of Stapleton in particular 
was wayward. Thus, their 
dismal record against Evbrton 
in the League was maintain ed. 
They have won none of their 
last eight fixtures. 

Atkinson, whose future 
would seem to be linked 
inextricably with the presence 
of his captain, was not dis- 
heartened by tbe performance. 


“The luck is j 
way," he said. “We 
battling away, as we have done 
all season, and it was cruel to 
give a goal away on the stroke 
of halftime. Nothing mud) is 
going wrong except the 

The run of poor results 
stretches far beyond the open- 
ing day of the season. Since 
their triumphant sequence 
was broken from 11 months 
ago. United have won only L3 
of their last 39 games in the 
first 'division. Such form 
would lead a side towards 
relegation rather than the 
heights which Atkinson’s dub 
expect as their rightful 

At least there should be 
some light relief in mid-week. 
They take on Port Vale in the 
first leg of the second round of 
the Uttlewoods Cup. But, 
after that,' there will be no 
mercy. Next Sunday United 
are to be put on show in front 
of the nation again. They meet 
Chelsea and the only 
compensation is that they wfll 
be at home. 

EVEOTDN: R Mmror. D Moun tfWd, P 
-jon, k Langley, 

Poww. K Ratdflfe. D Watson. .. 

T Sttwan, A HeaAi, G Sharp, P WBdnsen, 
K Steady (sob. Adm). 

SJebaefc. A ALbtaton, N WNwslde (sifl>. J 

Otafl. P McGrath. K Moranj BRoteon, G 
Stractan. F “ ' 

Sttpteon, p Davenport, R 

Raferwir J WtarraR. 

Forest’s new breed a joy to behold 

By Simon O’Hagan 

At the start of every season, 
the search is renewed for the 
successors to Liverpool as the 
exemplars of English football 
and already this year, some 
fascinating, if not entirely 
conclusive, discoveries have 
been made. 

So far, much of the talk 
about breaths of fresh air has 
been directed towards 
Wimbledon, though it seems 1 
fair to say that the value of 
their achievement lies not so 
much in their style of play as 
in showing that the tap be- 
tween obscurity and fame is 
not unbridgeable. 

In terms of tactical break- 
throughs, not to mention the 
sheer pleasure that is afforded 
by watching them, tbe real 
revelation of the season has 

been Nottingham Forest Top 
of tbe first division and the 
scorers of 22 goals in seven 
matches — six in each of their 
last two - they have tbe class 
to provide Brian Clough noth 
his third championship win- 
ning team to follow Derby 
County in 1972 and Forest in 

Dough's ability to get the 
best out of his players is as 
much his trademark on tbe 
field as is his occasional 
outspokenness off ft. He is 
also renowned for balancing 
the youth and experience 
equation to perfection and, in 
this side, be has a sensible 
distribution of senior men — 
Metgod in defence, Bowyerin 
midfield and Buries in attack 
— supported by some of the 
brightest young prospects in 
the country in tbe likes of 

Walker, Webb and Clough. 

Given the chance to turn 
good players into great play- 
ers, rather than make good 
ones out of average ones, 
Clough can still produce some 
devastating results, as was 
shown on Saturday in Forest's 
6-2 win at Ch e lsea. Equally 
characteristic of Dough is. his 
desire to keep such a score in 
perspective. “We showed 
Chelsea that we are capable of 
creating a lot of chances and, 
at the moment, we are taking a 
good percentage of them" be 
said. “But our test will come 
when we cannot score a goal to . 
save our lives. That time will 
arrive at some stage this 
season and that's when we , 
shall find out how good we 

The advertisement for the 
demolition contractors that 




Brett Stocks and Jody 
McGibbon, the Australian 
swimmers, have been sus- 
pended in Sydney for mis- 
behaviour at the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh in 
July, where they won three 
bronze medals. 

Peter Bowen Pain, the 
sport's president, would not 
disclose details of their behav- 
iour, but has barred Stocks for 
two years from competition 
and McGibbon for one. 

Cram chase 

Steve Cram, the European 
champion; won the mile in 
3min 54.0sec and Linford 
Christie completed a fine 
opening for the all-weather 
track at Cannock by winning 
the 200m in 21.0sec. 

Ace No 48 


Manril Davis has increased 
his bole-in-one world record 
to 48 — his latest perfect stroke 
coming at tbe 155-yard 8th 
hole at the Pedernaies Coun- 
try Dub in Spicewood, Texas. 

Travel licence 

P rime fellow - Johnson joy 

Tbe nine Italian players still 
involved in European football 
who bad their passports with- 
drawn as part of an investiga- 
tion into alleged tax evasion 
by the l982;World Cup squad, 
must apply for special travel 
documents to take pan in next 
week's ties, a magistrate said 
Milan yesterday. 

Kenny Smart, a British 
champion fell runner, made a 
dramatic transition to road 
racing yesterday when he won 
the Gtylink Glasgow Mara- 
thon in a record time of 2hr 
1 4min 4sec — his first attempt 
at the distance. Sandra 
Branney, a Glaswegian, won 
the women’s race. . . 

Marvin Johnson, of the 
United States, successfully de- 
fended a fight heavyweight 
title for tbe fast time in three 
attempts when be retained his 
Worid Boxing Association 
crown by stopping Jean-Marie 
Emebe. of France, in the 13th 

Bale wanted 


England last 

Doyle bitter 

England's women EoJst 69-46 
to The Netherlands to finish 
bottom with no victories in 
three matches in die European 
basketball championship qua- 
lifying tournament in Lahti as 
Finland, the hosts, beat Hun- 
gry, tbe favourites, 76-73 to 
qualify for next year's finals in 

Loretta Doyle, Britain's for- 
mer worid featherweight judo 
champion, has bit out Roy 
Inman, the manager's de- 
cision to drop her from this 
year's world championships in 
Maastricht, Holland next 
month. “He has too much 

§ >wer,” said Miss Doyle, who 
ces her replacement, Sharon 
Rendle, at Crystal Palace on 

West Germany are trying to 
engage Stuart Bale as a prac- 
tice partner for their Davis 
Cup team in Essen from Oct- 
ober 3-5 as Andres Gomez; 
Ecuador's leading player, is a 
left-bander like the Briton. 

Javelin mark 

Klaus Tafelmeier, of West 
Germany, set a world record 
in the new-style javelin in 
Como yesterday with 85.74 

was displayed at the Forest 
supporters’ end of Stamford 
Bridge on Saturday only told 
half the story. Chelsea were 
demolished, but by a team 
whose method is to pick the 
lock, not stick a few pounds of 
gelignite into ft. 

. Like tbe best lock-pickers, 
Forest make the intricate look 
easy. They are masters of the 
subtle; inventive, passing 
movement — in this respect, 
Webb and Clough mate for a 
delightful combination when 
they are going forward — yet 
quick to adapt to a situation 
which demands foe longer 

Here the - influence of 
Metgod is pervasive. Metgod 
knows all about building at- 
tacks from foe bade, while 
retaining a sharp eye for the 
floated 50-yard pass which 
releases the two wingers. 

However, -Forest did not 
have ft all their own way to 
start with. No sooner had 
Webb put them in front after 
four minutes, with a header 
from a comer, than Chelsea 
responded with crisp goals 
from Bumstead and Nevm to 
mate it 2-1 after nine misntes. 
For a while, the rapadousness 
of Chelsea’s tackling pre- 
vented Forest from settling. 
Then, in the quarter of an 
hour before half-time, three 
beautifully-tuned breaks by 
Carr, Forest's brilliant young 
winger, led to another goal 
from Webb and two by Birties. 

Chelsea only had one wore 
chance to get back into the 
match, and that was ruined by 
Metgod. Tarnishing his noble 
image, he pulled down Dixon 
after he was put in the dear by 
Nevin. An outrageous exam- 
ple of foe professional foul, it 
earned him a booking when 
surely he should have been 
sent off 

The game was over, 
Chelsea's defence disintegrat- 
ing in the face of Forest's 

bewildering approach work as 
Birties (penally) and Webb 
eat* went on to score foetr 
third goals. That takes Webb's 
total this season to ten goals in 
seven games, some going fora 
midfield player. 

NOTmiaHAM FOREST: s Sutton. G 
Rentinp. 5 Pparca. D Walker. J MetnotL i 
Bowyw, F Carr. N Webb. N OkSlS 


Photograph: page.27 




By Mfcbad Seely 

Pat Eddery is to take brer 

fa? O'* fc.w-LS 

Panring Brave fa the Pnx de 
■'Arc de Tnomphe at 
on Sunday 

and also fa the Breeders Cop 
at Santo Anita on Norembw L 
This startling announce- 
ment was made yesterday by 
Grant Pritehard^ordtm, 

° 1 *The decision fa favour of 
Eddery does not imply 

severance fa foe long and 
saccessfal association wiflj 

not available,” he said. 

“The plans for Danting 
Brave remained unchanged, 
pritchard-Gordon went on. 
•The colt will go to France, 

provided that foe ground is not 
too heavy. In that event he wfO 

be diverted to Newmarket for 
the Champion Stakes." 

This bland and diplomatic 
statement reveals nothing of 
the emotion generated inJnne 
over Starkey's riding of Dano- 
i ins Brave at Epsom, where the 
(•three-year-old finished so 
strongly to be beaten half a 
' by Sbahrastani fa foe 

Cl Uj* 

Starkey has ridden foe bril- 
liant colt fa six of his seven 
wins, but Eddery was sub- 
stituted for foe first tune fa foe 
King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at 
Ascot On that occasion, 
Starkey was replaced because 
of a pulled muscle fa his 
shoulder. The champion 
jockey elect's production of 
Dancing Brave with an 
impeccably-timed run to beat 
Shardari by three-quarters of 
a length was Bttie short of 

Retainer worth a 
seven-figure sum 

For foe next three seasons, 
Eddery has been retained to 
ride Abdulla's horses world- 
wide for a reported seven- 
figmc sum, but it bad been 
expected that, after Starkey 
bad resumed Us association 
with Dancing Brave fa foeir 
recent victory at Goodwood, 
Harwood's stable jockey 
would remain in the saddle fin- 
the rest of this year, “rmvery 
sorry that (Seville . isn't 
riding," was Harwood's only 

The jockey himself said at 
Lougchamp: “Tm disappoint- 
ed not to be on Dancing Brave. 
I feel that foe Arc is his race 
and that he can win ft.” 

There is no doubt that 
Harwood will be inwardly 
disturbed at this latest devel- 
opment Tbe trainer and 
Starkey, in the past 14 years, 
together with Geoff Lawson, 
Harwood's brother-in-law, 
have put their joint shoulders 
to the wheel to make 
Coombehmds Racing Stables 
one of foe most formidable 
organizations of its kind fa foe 

Obviously, if Starkey had 
won the Derby on Dancing 
Brave, instead of being beaten, 
it would have been difficult to 
have replaced him now. And it 
would be presumptuous- to 
guess that that controversial 
defeat is foe main reason for 
this latest development 

Case of the owner 
calling the tune 

However, Abdulla, foe 
season's leading owner and a 
member of the ruling family of 
Saudi Arabia, has always been 
a fervent admirer of foe jock- 
ey, particularly since he rode 
Rainbow Qnest in last 
season’s Arc, a race he was 
awarded after the disqualffica- 
tion of Sagace. And it is 
obvious that the wishes of one 
of the world's richest men has 
been the overriding factor' In 
the decision. The inan who 
pays the piper has called foe 

One can only fed that 
Starkey has bran harshly 
treated. Whatever the rights 
and wrongs of foe Epsom 
Derby, and there are many 
horsemen who feel that tbe 
jockey was placed fa an impos- 
sible dilemma after Dancing 
Br ave h ad been hampered fa 
foe first two furlongs, Starkey 
has lost few big races, if any, 
that he should have won. 

However, there could stiD be 
a dramatic and exciting twist 
to tins- lengthy saga. Later at 
a grim-faced 
Stortey added; “I've already 
said that I'm disappointed but 
I can now add tfar I^n not 
Particularly surprised." - 

Stotoe and Starkey are old . 
friends and allies and have 
achieved many big race sue* 
<*»« together. And if Yves 
oauit-Martin is required to 
Partner Da rare for foe Afp 
*« foe Arc, it could wdl - 
be that foe season's leading ■ 
framer mmht caU on Starkey's 
apices for either Shardari or : 
Sbahrastani, after Walter 
Swinbuni has made his choice 
between foe pair. 




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