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"• ■ - -V. 1 


No 62.572 j 

Steel to meet 
Owen in bid 
to salvage pact 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
I ^ assembly decision and Bui be was criticized within 


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London today for talks with 
Dr David Owen in an attempt 
to rescue the Alliance from the 
crisis into which it has been 
plunged by the Liberal leader's 
defeat on nuclear defence at 
the party assembly in 

He will leave the assembly 
this afternoon and travel by 
helicopter to London Tor a 
television interview with Dr 
Owen tonight in which they 
will try to start repairing the 
Alliance's battered credibility. 

But their talks beforehand 
will take place against the 
threat of sharply deteriorating 
relations between the Liberals 
and the Social Democratic 
Party where there is dismay at 
the decision of the assembly to 
reject the compromise plan for 
an Anglo-French deterrent ini- 
tiative. and the failure of Mr 
Steel to deliver his party. In 

endorse a joint Alliance de- 
fence policy for the general 
election, baited on the Euro- 
pean initiative and worked 
out by the two leaders and the 
parties' policy committees. 

Such a conference, which 
was backed at a late-night 
meeting of Liberal MPS. 

Mr Cyril Smith, Liberal 
MP for Rochdale, is to 
apin at the next general 
election, reversing his decision 
to quit In malting the 
announcement yesterday at 
the Libera] Assembly in East- 
bourne. Mr Smith gave public 
backing to Mr David Steel and 
said he was totally in £anwr of 
the Alliance. 

Assembly reports 4 
Geoffrey Smith 4 

What package? 16 

area to .deliver tits party, m rune for change 
the opinion of senior figures of Frank Tnhnenn 
both parties the prospect of an — * jQlMSOn 

eventual merger between had 
been put back for years. 

Mr Steel moved yesterday 
to restore his own authority in 
the Liberal Party by backing 
new moves to lighten disci- 
pline among its MPs, three of 
whom deserted him when he 
most needed their support. 

He made clear that he 
proposes to push ahead with 
his search for a European 
solution with Dr Owen and 

would first have to be agreed 
with the SDP. and is bound to 
be discussed at today's talks. 

If necessary a reconvened 
Liberal assembly- could be 
called to ratify any deal 

Mr Steel last night under- 
lined his determination to go 
over his assembly. In an 
Independent Television News 
interview he .said that neither 
he nor Dr Owen would be 
moved on the basis of 27 votes 

laid plans for a conference of at an assembly “when we have 
Alliance pariiamentaiy can- got a responsibility to the 

dictates before Christmas. 
That will effectively over- 


Fracas in 
the Lobby 


How Robert 
against Militant 
led to a fierce 
confrontation in 
the Commons 

Page 13 


country as a whole and our lulled the conference into a 
parlies as a whole". false sense of security. 

Warning Chernobyl 
to Heffer invitation 
by union for Walker 

- By a Staff Reparter . . From Pearce Wright 

ta a move dtOTMd 10 S ‘* y S J itBr . 

preserve the preelection unity 

of the Labour Party. Mr Eric • Mr Peter Walker, the Sec- 
Heffer, the former chairman, retary of State for Energy, has 
who supports members of been invited to visit the Oher- 

But he was criticized within 
his party for misreading the 
assembly and bong un- 
necessarily hawkish in his 
public pronouncements be- 
fore the debate: some of his 
close friends thought he had 
been provocative in declaring 
his readiness to maintain and 
modernize the deterrent 
There was also criticism 
from within the SDP. There 
was no public comment from 
Dr Owen, who clearly wants 
to avoid raising the tem- 
perature any higher. Friends 
were saying that he is closer 
personally to Mr Steel than 
ever before, but they specu- 
lated that be must have been 
exercising considerable re- 
straint to avoid venting his 
wrath at the assembly 
The Liberal MPs bad ag- 
onized well Into the early 
hours: there had been 
recriminations of disloyalty 
against the three rebels, Mr 
Simon Hughes. Mr Michael 
Meadoweroft and Mr Archie 

As a result Mr Steel at the 
urging of Mr David Alton, his 
chief whip, is to introduce the 
rule of collective responsibil- 
ity in the parliamentary party. 
Party spokesmen who defy the 
line will be dismissed. 

Mr Hughes's speech was 
being held responsible for 
swaying the vote. Mr Alton 
said one ‘ or two of his col- 
leagues. because they were 
parliamentarians, may have 
lulled the conference into a 
false sense of security. 

for Walker 

. From Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 
' ■ Vienna 

' Mr Peter Walker, the Sec- 
retary of State for Energy, has 


talks at 

From Christopher Thomas 

High-level talks between 
American and Soviet officials 
last night reached a critical 
stage in trying to secure the 
release of Mr Nicholas Dani- 
loff, the journalist held in 
Moscow on a spying charge. 

A senior Administration of- 
ficial said the Soviet Union 
had not made any acceptable 
proposals. But Soviet officials 
said there were “good 
chances" of settling quickly 
the cases of Mr Daniloff and 
Mr Gennady Zakharov, a 
Soviet phycisist accused of 
espionage by the US. 

According to one account i 
yesterday, Moscow is propos- 
ing the expulsion of Mr 
Daniloff. followed later by the 
release of an important dis- 
sident. Then the US would 
allow Mr Zakharov to return 
home. American negotiators, 
however, are determined that 
the final formula must not 
show any trade between Mr 
Daniloff and Mr Zakharov. 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of Stale, and Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister, held 
two unannounced meetings in 
New York on Tuesday, where 
they are attending the United 
Nations General 


Moscow appears to be anx- 
ious to settle the Daniloff 
aflair in order to dear the way 
for an early superpower sum- 
mit. Mr Gennady Gerasimov, 
the chief Soviet Foreign Min- 
istry spokeman, said in New 
York yesterday that there were 
three obstacles to a summit — 
the case of Mr Zakharov, the 
Daniloff aflair. and the expul- 
sion of 25 personnel from the 
Soviet mission to the UN. 

A date for Mr Zakharov's 
trial was to. have been set by 
Judge Joseph McLaughlin in 
the US District Court in New 
York yesterday, but pros- 
ecutors instead asked for the 
appointment of a security 
specialist to protect any classi- 
fied documents that might 
-come lip in the proceedings. 

TSB fever in the City: A bowler-hatted supervisor oversees the last-minute rush as yet more 
armfuls of hopeful applications arrive. (Photographs: Chris Harris and Tim Bishop) 

to defeat 

Kilroy-Silk on 
why he decided 
to give up 
his seat 

• Yesterday's £4,000 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was shared 
by two readers, Mr Z R J 
Szczucki of Isleworth, 
west London, and Mrs 
Christine Davey of 
Aylesbury, Bucks. 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 27; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 22. 

Gun runners 

Hamburg police said they had 
unun ered two groups of arms 
brokers which arranged illegal 
siles worth £950 million to 
Iran and Iraq ***8® • 

Militant Tendency, was yes- 
terday given a warning about 
his conduct at next week's 
conference in Blackpool. 

Mr Heffer has been left in 
no doubt that a repeat perfor- 
mance of last year when he 
stormed off the stage during 
Mr Neil Kinnock's address 
will be totally unacceptable. 

The warning was delivered 
by the left-dominated national 

Spectrum 13 

executive committee of the 
builders’ union which pro- 
vides him with sponsorship 
worth thousands of pounds to 
represent its interests in 

The Union of Construction 
Allied Trades and Technicians 
is desperate to see the return of 
a Labour Government 

Mr Jack Rogers, the exec- 
utive member who moved the 
resolution censuring Mr 
Heffer. said the union would 
be seeking an assurance he 
would not attempt a repetition 
of last year's action which 
gave party opponents a field 

Although not spelt out, the 
implicit threat behind thw 
union's demand of good 
behaviour is that unless he 
complys. Mr Heffer will be 
deprived of his union | 
sponsorship- I 

nobyl nuclear power station | be built in future (AP reports). 

some time next year, after it 
has been returned to regular 
operation for several months. 

The offer was made during a 
private meeting on Tuesday 
night with Mr Boris Shcherbi- 
na, Deputy Prime Minister of 
the Soviet Union, who took 
charge after the nuclear reac- 
tor exploded at Chernobyl 

They met before .the start of 
a conference of the Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency, 
which is working on the first 
international code of beha- 
viour in nuclear accidents. It 
will oblige countries to tell 
each other about nuclear acci- 
dents that threaten to spread 
radiation . 

They also discussed how to 
encourage adoption of an anti- 
terrorism treaty, which would 
give better protection against 
sabotage and the theft of 
material which could be used 
to make a crude bomb. 

Mr Shcherbina said Russia 
will not consider compensa- 
tion for disruption caused to 
countries most affected by 
fallout from the Chernobyl ac- 
cident The issue has surfaced 
as one of the discordant notes 
at the conference. 

Mr Walker had a meeting 
with Mr Jiang Xin Xiong, the 
new Chinese Minister for 
Nuclear Industry. 

Plant to reopen, page 7 

• MOSCOW: Mr Mikhail Mr Wetnbe^'s comments 
Gorbachov, (he Soviet leader, enraged Labour MPs. who 
yesterday the week- denounced Aero as interfer- 

holm agreement as “a n&jor. cnee in Britain's internal 
step" that paves- the way' For politics, 
reducing international tension in an interview for the 
and shows bow detente must programme Defending Eur- 
be built in future (AP reports), ope. : Mr Perie sai± “The 
In an unusual statement, programme of the British 
issued by Ta&s, Mr Gorbachov Labour Party under Neil 
said that "a major step has Kinnock is so wildly irrespon- 

In an unusual statement, programme of the British 
issued by Ta&s, Mr Gorbachov Labour Party under Neil 
said that "a major step has Kinnock is so wildly inespon- 
been made towards easing si We. so separate and apart 
tension and improving the from the historic Nato strat- 

imernationa] political climate 
which is so necessary for 
solving the vital problems of 
our nuclear age. This is a 
victory of common sense." 

He added that the ■ con- 
ference participants ' "man- 
aged to rise above differences 
and reach accords which are 
important not just in them- 
selves but also improve the 
prospects of creating a stable 
situation in Europe." 

Perie makes new 
attack on Labour 
defence policy 

By David Sapsted and Nicholas Wood 
The US Assistant Secretary plan to rid the country of US 
of Defence. -Mr Richard Perie. nuclear bases could lead to the 
believes that Labour's defence break-up of Nato. 
policy is so “wildly irrespons- Sir Anthony Kershaw, the 
ibie'' that it could destroy the Tory chairman of the all-party 
Nato alliance. Commons Foreign Affairs 

His outspoken remarks, to Committee, said Mr Wein- 
be broadcast on Channel 4 this ^ m *rely telling the 

weekend, come hard on the troth about the ramifications 
heels of a similar attack by Mr of Labour s plan to ckae down 
Caspar Weinberger, the Amer- basesm Bntainfor US cruise 
Scan Defence Secretary missiles and Fill bombers 

MrWriJS^s^ments and. submarines carrying 
iraged Labour MPs. who atomic weapons, 
bounced them as interfer- “Caspar Weinberger’s state- 
ice in Britain’s internal ment is not an attack on 
ulitics. Labour Party policy: it's just 

in an interview for the Sir Anthony 

rogramme Defending Eur - said. ;if we kick our allies out 
pp. Mr Perie said: "The of this country, how can we 
rogramme of the British them to remain our 

abour Party under Neil aUies - 
Jnnock is so wildly irrespon- Mr Weinberger's remarks 
We. so separate and apart reflect mounting alarm within 
om the historic Nato strat- the Reagan's Administration 
$y. that I Aink a Labour about the consequences of a 
avernment that stood by its Laboureiecuon victory for the 
resent policies — and I rather defence of Western Europe. 
Dubt that they would - Officials believe the stakes 
quid, if h didn't destroy the are so high that they justify 
[fiance, at least diminish its breaching the diplomatic con- 
nective ability to do the task veniion under which a gov- 
>r which it was created." ernmenl does not allow itself 
Mr Weinberger said in an to become embroiled in the 
uerview raped in Wash- internal politics of its allies, 
igton. (o be broadcast on the Washington diplomats could 
BC programme Panorama not recall a precedent for Mr 
i Monday, that Labour's Weinberger's intervention. 

race to 
get TSB 

By Rubin Young 

City gems who rumed our 
early yesterday morning in the 
hopes of seeing mounted po- 
lice stag-hunting down Lom- 
bard Street as the TSB issue 
closed, in the event saw liule 

Alihough crowds of late 
applicants descended on the 
TSB headquarters and the 
Royal Bank of Scotland, on 
thc’opposite side of the street, 
the queues were short and fast- 
moving. and the mourned 
police, who had been called 
out to control possibly riotous 
crowds of would be profiteers 
were not required for anything 
, more pressing than a lew 

* '• There was an impressive 

^ lust minute rush although 

. application lists had been 
. Jt open moa* ihan a week at 

1 TSB branches up and 

down the country. 

Sew era! applicants in Lom- 
j bard Street, and ai (he five 

other London banks si ill 
V; ■ accepting forms, yesterday 

' Flotation record 23 

last-minute rush as yet more morning hurled themselves 
; Harris and Tim Bishop) through the doors at the stroke 

of ten. as the offer closed. 

. Counting and sorting the 

K5I VIY1 ATI TC applications is to continue 
X slj throughout the weekend. It is 

J| _ jf* • 4. hoped that the basis on which 

■lAJjjQlX the shares will be allocated 

will be announced on Mon- 

a fdPApH day. Yesterday it was already 
IvLUlU plain that the issue was 
heavily oversubscribed, and 
By David Smith Sir John Read, the TSB chair- 

Economfes Correspondent man. said that it was possible 
Britain’s balance of pay- [ha* lhcre would have to be a 
ments plunged to a record ““l°L 


a record 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

deficit last month as imports 
of manufactured goods surged 
and exports fell. 

The Bank of England again 
had to step in to support the 

There was a visible trade 
deficit of £1.486 million in 
August compared with £588 
million in July. The deficit on 
the current account — after 

Large-scale applications are 
certain to be heavilv reduced 
or ruled out completely. Sir 
John said : “The priority is to 
have the widest possible share 

At several of the principal 
receiving banks video cameras 
were installed to film every- 
one depositing application 
forms. Peat Marwick* the 

taking into account services- -auditors' policing the issue. 
. and oLher invisible trade items have already called to scroti- 

egy, that I think a Labour 
government that stood by its 
present policies — and I rather 
doubt that they would — 
would, if it didn't destroy the 
alliance, at least diminish its 
effective ability to do the task 
for which it was created." 

Mr Weinberger said in an 
interview raped in Wash- 
ington. to be broadcast on the 
BBC programme Panorama 
on Monday, that Labour's 

— was £886 miilionafter a £1 2 
million surplus in July. 

Treasury officials said the 
figures were “highly erratic" 
and that a shift into balance of 
payments deficit next year, 
expected by the majority of 
forecasters, was by no means 

The figures — they were 
much worse than the City 
expected — put the pound 
under pressure and the Bank 
of England intervened in the 
market to support- it. The 
sterling index closed 0.3 down 
at 69.4 and the pound fell 35 
points to $1.4460. 

The visible trade deficit of 
£1.486 million last month 
compared with the previous 
worst figure of £1.205 million 
in March. 

Record deficit, page 23 

nize every application made at 
certain banks in the City. 

Print workers advised 
to ignore activists 

By Tim Jones 

Print union members in- 
volved in the dispute with 
New3 International were yes- 
terday advised not to listen to 
activists who. at a rally in 
London today, will urge them 
to reject the final offermade by 
the company. 

Mr Bill O'NeilL who has led 
News International’s- nego- 
tiating team during the eight- 
month Wapping dispute, said 

sation. is the “best, last and i 
final offer", re-emphasized | 
yesterday that .a requirement 
of the oner is that each union 
agrees to recommend accep- 
tance to its members. 

The company yesterday 
specifically reminded the 
NGA. which has yet to decide 
whe ther to ballot its members, 
of the procondition. 

Mr O’Neill said: "In view of 

the company had no further, disturbing reports on how 

Havers to quit as MP 

Sir Michaol Havers, the 
Attorney-General, yesterday 
announced he would not 
stand for Parliament at the 

cel lent health it was time to 
give way to a younger man. 

Privately, however, he has 
let it be known that be would 

next election (Martin Fletcher jj£ e remain ; n politics, 
writes). In doing n. he : gave Sir Michae j has represented 
nsc to ^utaiion that he w iraWcdon since 1970 and 
could be the next Lord won an 11.546 majority over 

the Alliance at the last 
Sir Michael, aged 63. who e | ecl ; on _ 

had a heart by-pass operation plenum, sir Mimaei Haven 
last year, said in a statement 
that although he was in ex- m-whiis-. ii ^«6 

plans to meet the unions. 

The dispute began when 
5,500 former employees of the 
company, mainly members of 
the two main unions. Sogai 
*82 and the National Graphi- 
cal Association, went on strike 
and were subsequently dis- 
missed. Since then the com- 
pany has published The 
Times. The Sunday Times. 
The Sun and The Kens of the 
World at its high technology 
plant at Wapping. 

Mr O'NeilL who has said 
the package, which includes 
£58 million financial compen- 

some parts of the ballots may 
be conducted, the company 
expects the unions to have 
voting carried out in a proper 
manner." This was a reference 
to reports that ballot papers 
may only be distributed to 
those members who attend 
meetings or rallies. 

He said: "Activists advo- 
cating a rejection of News 
International's offer are the 
same group who last January 
talked tbeir -members into 
going on strike; Their advice 
now is about as good as it was 

sought by 

By Ian Smith 

Interpol has joined the 
search for Mr lan Wood, the 
solicitor who. disappeared 
shortly before his mistress and 
her daughter, aged three, were 
found dead at Ugbill Hall 
Dungworth. near Sheffield 
four days ago. 

A warrant has been issued 
for his arrest and five homes 
in the North of England are 
under armed police guard. 

Police are also guarding the 
hospital where Christopher 
Ledez. aged five, is on a life 
support machine. 

It was revealed yesterday 
that his mother was 10-weeks 
pregnant when killed. Last 
night French police were inter- 
viewing the elderly parents of 
Danielle Ledez, 

The Provost of Sheffield 
CathedraL the Very Rev 
Frank Curtis, last night asked 
Mr Wood to surrender and 
promised to meet him any- 
where at any time. 

Unifil pullout 

(inifil troops withdrew from 
munx ullages in southern 
Lebanon amid continuing 
threats against French troops: 
.nivl Israel pledged to stay in 
the border zone Page 7 

(lintK' Nr*s 2-5 Oowwarfc 13*22 
Onfsi-xo t-W Dnr>' 

KSSSm 3 J? 


(tiirih*. draihv MX* 

p I : Ml ■** 

R bcteS*r Stuffed c 

By Craig Setm 

OI Killing The use of a stuffed brown 

An RUC reservist was yesr owl to try and frighten away 
terday acquitted of the man- bats that have occupied the 
ci, i i iph ier of a man who died rafters of Si James church at 
after being hil by a plastic Biriingham. Wo.resienh,re. .5,- illegal Church of England 

D _ _ .. officials have been told. 

At Belfast Crown Court. Mr -ft,. Birlingham bats, and 
Nigel Hegarty. aged -8. was the best way to get rid of them 
found not guilty or unlawfully from .the parish church in the 
killing Mr John Downes, aged 1 j nx franriiH. has figured prom- 
22. in August 1984. inenth in the letters columns 

Stuffed owl tests right of church hats 





30 Thrttrevrtc 41 
14.15 T\ & Bad«* 

9 l*** W 

2.V28 W mthw — 
20 UHls 20 

O * fr fr * * 

22. in August 1^84. inniih in the letters columns 

The court had been told that of The Times . Bui according 
Mr Downes was hit by the to the Nature Conservancy 
plastic bullet as police tried Council, any attempt to drive 
unsuccessfully to arrest Mr the nocturnal creatures from 
Marlin Galvin, the American their roosts is contrary to the 
Noraid leader, during an anti- Wildlife and Country side Act 
internment rally-. 1981. 

Report page 2 Major Harry Porter, the 

Birti'-gham church warden, 
wrote an anguished letter to 
The Times asking which spe- 
cies of owl was most likely to 
be effective againsi the bats, 
whose droppings had made 
the job of the church cleaners 
"almost impossible". 

Since then a stuffed brown 
owl has been provided by a 
local ornithologist and placed 
on a windowsill in the church. 
Major Porter insists that it will 
stay, whatever the conserva- 
tion is is say. 

He said yesterday: "There is 
no shortage of places for bats 
to go. To keep our church 
dean would cost £25 a week. A 
retired clergyman does it for 
us free and he asked us to find 

j stuffed owl to keep the bat 
colony down to reasonable 
proportions. If the Nature 
Conservancy Council thinks 
we arc doing any harm, it can 
take us to court." 

Readers of The Times have 
suggested other deterrents. 

of them also apparently 
illegal. They include starting a 
mi nor cycle in church, burn- 
ing incense and the use of a 
felon to drive them out. 

Dr Johnnie Birks. local 
official of the Nature Conser- 
vancy Council, said: “Strictly 
speaking it is an offence to use 
the stuffed owl because it 
involves trying io get rid of a 
protected species from its 

habitat. Bats are pretty 

The Worcestershire Bat 
Group is planning to meet 
church officials to discuss 
other ways of dealing w-iih the 
Birlingham bats. 

The Rev Leonard Williams, 
the retired v icar who cleans St 
James church with his wife. 
Virginia, asked for a stuffed 
owl because he had heard of it 
working againsi other hai 

He said: “I did not know it 
was illegal. U is nonsense. 1 am 
all for conserving cows as well, 
but I do not w-ant them living 
in my home and I would 
dissaude them from doing 


Royal Academy. 

‘New Architecture 9 Exhibition, 
Oct 3-Dec 21. 

This is the first major exhibition of 
British architecture for almost 50 years. 

Co-sponsored by Bovts Construction, 
it features the work of three of the foremost 
architects of our time: Norman Foster, 
Richard Rogers and James Stirling. 

Work on show includes a study of the 
new Lloyd's Building, designed by 
Richard Rogers & Partners and carried out 
under management contract by Bovis. * 

All throe exhibitors are recipients of 
the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture. And 
it’s interesting that out of the 10 major archi- 
tectural awards made in the U.K. between 
1975 and 1985, Bovis were the contractors on 
no less than five of them. 

(There’s no disguising quality) 

For more information, or help withyour next 
building project, please call John Newton on 
01-422 3488. Bovis Construction Limi ted, 
Bovis House, Northolt Road, 

Harrow, Middx. HA2 OER 

fc* Bovis P 

r*oof,mp B 0V j S Construction Limited 

(Quality is ararebird.) 



Bar reviews 
system and 
cash awards 

B}' Fnums Gibb, Lcgul ASurs Correspondent 

The Bar is looking at its committee's lay members, 
complaints machinery to see if The committee already hi 

reforms in the interests of the 
public are needed, including 
whether there should be a 
power to award compensation 
m minor negligence cases. 

There has been a rise in the 
number of complaints against 
barristers this year in line with 
the much higher public pro file 
that the Bar has adopted. The 
total is likely to reach 300 
compared with fewer than 200 
in previous years. 

Last year three barristers 
were disbarred and one rep- 
rimanded. This year, in line 
with the rise in complaints, 
the total is likely to be more 
than double. 

Bui the review of the com- 
plaints sy-stem is taking place 
as part of a widescale overhaul 
of the Bar's code of conduct 
under Mr Mark Liitman, QC, 
to bring it into line with 
modem needs and require- 

The main complaints body 
of the Bar is its professional 
conduct committee, com- 
posed ofbarrisiers and laymen 
chaired by the Bar vice- 
chairman. It has powers to 
investigate and sift all com- 
plaints about barristers, 
including inefficiency and 

It refers the more serious 
allegations, which may 
amount to professional mis- 
conduct and any disputed 
allegation of a breach of 
proper professional standards. 
10 a disciplinary' tribunal. No 
complaint is dismissed with- 
out the agreemement of the 

The committee already has 
power to look at cases of bad 

over file 
on Taylor 

By Ian Smith 

Hie High Court is to be 
asked to order Mr Janies 
Anderton, chief constable of 
Greater Manchester, and his 
police authority to show Mr 
Kevin Taylor a confidential 
file on their investigation into 
his alleged criminal 

Solicitors issued sum- 

tarri^cn. But it power 

XTTSton and the 

negligence has resulted m 
financial loss to a client, 
although the disciplinary tri- 
bunal can order a barrister to 
repay or forego fees. 

The only option for the 
client is to sue in the courts, 
but any legal proceedings 
must be confined to written 

authority to appear before the 
High Conn Chancery division 
in London next Thursday 
when Mr Taylor will submit a 
15-page affidavit supporting 
his application for access to 
die file. 

must ue cviuiucu tv iniucu Mr Taylor says that police 
work unconnected with litiga- failure to bring charges against 
lion. Barristers cannot be sued him adds fuel to the specula- 
tor advocacy or work done in tion that the investigation is a 
ore Daration for it. smokescreen to justify the 

suspension of Mr John 
Stalker. Greater Manchester's 

preparation for it 
Mr Robert Alexander QC 
Bar chairman, said: “We be- 

lieve the present complaints (deputy chief constable. 

system works well in terms of 
speed and the way it deals with 
complaints. But public re- 
quirements do alter and we 
are looking to sec if there is 
any way it might be 

The Bar has invited General 
Sir George Cooper, a lay 
representative on the pro- 
fessional conduct committee, 
to head a small group with 
another lay member. Lord 
Henderson, to examine the 
complaints system and con- 

Mr Taylor is bitter about 
the 20 -month investigation 
into his business and private 
life which culminated in the 
suspension of Mr Stalker, of 
whom he is a friend. 

Mr Stalker was reinstated 
last month after an inquiry by 
Mr Colin Sampson, chief con- 
stable of West Yorkshire. 

Mr Taylor is determined to 
clear his own name. He is 
convinced that access to po- 
lice notebooks and other 
information used to obtain a 



!!%••• >' 

of Noraid 
rally death 

A full-time RUC reservist 
was acquitted yesterday of the 
manslaughter of a man shot by 
a plastic bullet. Mr John 
Downes died as police tried 
unsuccessfully to arrest Mr 
Martin Galvin, the American 
Noraid leader, during an anti- 
internment rally in Belfast in 
August 1984. 

Constable Nigel Hegarty, 

Lawson seizes on 
Opposition tax 

plan as poll issue 

a - — - . i-~.* 

Mr -Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor of the Excheq uer, yes- 
terday seized on the prospect 
of taxation as a potential 
general election issue and 
accused the Labour and Am- 
ance parties of vying with each 
other over who coukl increase 
taxes most. ‘ .. . 

v.onsutoio r*igci ncjjai 17, 1 But In a speech at Uxonoge, 
aged 28, had denied unlaw- 1 west London, he significantly 
folly killing Mr Downes, aged 'did not refer specifically to the 

T1 TVo nmwnhnn allmMl I plflO tO ICtOnn 

the tax and benefits system, 
and instead concentrated his 
attack on Mr Roy Hattersley 
and Labour's plan to penalize 
top earners. 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, predicted at his party 
conference in Harrogate last 
week that tax would be an 
important issue at the next 
election and he said be rel- 
ished the prospect. 

Mr Lawson's response yes- 
terday was equally 
clear.TExceflenL Because the 

22. The prosecution alleged 
that be bad breached guide- 
lines on the use of plastic 
bullet guns, particularly those 
governing the minimum range 
over which they may be fired. 

Press photographs and tele- 
vision news .film of the in- 
cident had shown that Cons- 
table Hegarty had fired a 
round at Mr Downes as he 
rushed forward, holding an 
upraised stick, in an apparent 
.attempt to strike another po- 
lice officer. 

Judgement was reserved af- 

■ . ■ „ .u:.ww :r nuvmidugu uwu wwuu « 

fi? search warrant to enter his 
“ fo home in Bury, Lancashire, last 
May will show that police 
Th , L ky Socregrecentiy have no evidence against him. 
? ver L h : au, f d Mr Taylor said last nighc 

“This caseis going to cosu-ne 
new Solicitors Complaints a | 0 t 0 f money but at last 1 am 

SiS't* doing something about it " 

from the society’s Chancery 
Lane headquarters. 

Day strike by workers 
over dockyard Act 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 
More than 20,000 dockyard persuade the Government to 

More than 20,000 dockyard 
workers at Dcvonport and 
Rosyih are to stage a one-day 
strike tomorrow in protest at 
the Dockyard Services Act 
which comes into force today. 

Following advice from Lord 
Denning, the former Master of 
the Rolls, the 18 dockyard 
unions may also issue a writ 
against the Government for its 
alleged failure to consult them 

Mr Taylor claims be is the 
victim of police harassment 
and an innocent casualty in 
the row which has raged for 
the past year between Mr 
Anderton and left-wing mem- 
bers of the police authority. 

Mr Christopher Berry, who 
is representing Mr Taylor, 
said: “For a very long time Mr 
persuade the Government to I Taylor has kept in the back- 
drop the commercial manage- ground and put up with being 
mem scheme which it plans to presented as a villain. 



Dr Alan Borg, director of the Imperial War Museum, marks 
the on-site redevelopment of the museum in south-east 
London, yesterday. (Photograph: Peter Trievnor) 

New galleries for Tate 

The Tate Gallery yesterday The Tate Gallery Founda- 
announced a £34 -million tion will launch a fond-raising 
project to build three new campaign for the project next 
museums in a new art com- month, 
plex adjacent to its location at The next step in the expan- 
Millbank in central London sion programme will be the 
(Nicholas Beesion writes). opening in the summer 1988 
The new museums, a sculp- of the Tate Gallery Liverpool 
lure gallery, an art museum at the city’s Albert Dock. In 
and a study centre will be built the last 18 months £ 1.1 mil- 
in the same complex as the lion, of the £1.7 million 

Clore Gallery on a site next to 
the Tate Gallery in Pimlico. 

Yesterday, Mr Justice 
Hutton rejected' the prosecu- 1 
tion chums, saying they were 
made with the benefit of 
hindsight and in the calm, 
analytical atmosphere of a 
courtroom, and not in the 
circumstances requiring _ a 
split-second decision which 
Constable Hegarty had to 
The police reservist, whose 
address was given as the RUC 
Station, Camckfergus, Co An- 
trim, has been on- continuous 
bail and suspended from duty 
since be was charged 18 
months ago. 

The rioting which ted to Mr . 
Downes' death occurred when 
the RUC made an abortive 
attempt to arrest Mr Galvin as 
he was about to address a rally 
outside Sinn Fein's 
Andersontown, west Belfast, 

Mr Galvin was banned by 
the last l '8 months £1.1 mil- I the Home Secretary from 
lion, of the £1.7 million I entering the United Kingdom, 
needed, has been raised from- j but he made a .brief appear- 

ter the completion of evidence choice before the British pep- 
in Belfast drown Court last pie, when in due course the 

time comes, is now clear. Our 

Britain the Opposition parties 
resolutely march in ^ the op- 
posite direction, vying with 
each other over who will 
increase taxes most” 

Despite Labour denials, Mr 
Lawson repeated his accusa- 
tion that Mr Hattersley> 
“unattractive" package of tax 
increases, aimed at raising - - 
£ 3.6 billion from the top 5 per .... 
cent of earners, would mean a -- 

70 per cent marginal rate of „ 

tax for well over a million 

“What would that do to the 
initiative and enterprise on 
which our economic success - 

as a nation depends? The only -■ 

countries to benefit from suCh i ■ ' . 
a level of tax would be those 
on the receiving end qf the 
new brain drain, which it 
would most assuredly bring 

Even if Mr Hattersley was 
able to raise the money from 
top earners, it would still pay V. 
for only a small fraction of - ’ 
Labour’s public expenditure 
plans. “They would still have 

SJasffSfuSE -SSfSSS 

and the SDP want to put them 

up - 

He added:“Our policy is 
clear: we want to see lower 
taxes for everyone. And this 
aim is shared by governments 
in. the other major indus- 
trialized countries. 

“Over the past few months 

they propose to spend." 

Mr Lawson said that 
Labour’s “combination of 
spurious precision and 
uncosted promises” would 
fool nobody. People had not 
forgotten that the last Labour 
government had raised the 

the United States, France, and basic rate of income tax to 35p 
Germany have all in the pound and allowed 
annnounced plans to reduce inflation to erode the .real 
income tax, while here in value of tax thresholds. . 

Thatcher’s Labour % 
support fleece’ 
in decline ratepayers 

the public sector. 

ance at the rally 

implement by next April, and 
to frighten off the remaining 
bidders for the management 
contract, including the 
Dcvonport management 

Apart from the manage- 
ment group, only two Ameri- 

fully on the proposed transfer can-led consortia — Brown 
of the-yards to commercial and Root and Foster 


The unions are discussing 
the matter with Lord Denning 
and their own legal advisers. 
The strike is designed to 

Wheeler — are still interested 

• The district auditor is to 
hold a special audit meeting in 
Derbyshire in November after 
two complaints by ratepayers 
against Mr Alf Parrish, the 
former chief constable. 

The objections were raised 
last November into expen- 
diture of more than £30,000 — 
including £28,000 for 
refurbishing his office - 
£22.000 of which came from 

Marxist infiltration claim 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent , 

in Dcvonport. The Ministry of the police housing account. 
Defence is hoping to an- allegedly without a budget 

nouncc the winning tenders 
within the next few weeks. 

allocation or authorization by 
the police committee. 

The Labour party has been 
infiltrated successfully by 
three Trotskyist organisations 
in addition to the Militant 
Tendency, according to a 

adviser to the Prime Minister 
and published yesterday. 

Mr Peter Shipley, a special- 
ist observer of left wing affairs 
who worked jfor Mrs 
Thatcher’s policy unit until 
two years ago, names the far 
left groups as Socialist 
Organiser Alliance, Socialist 

League and Socialist 

And he claims that the 
number of Labour MPs who* element, approximately 6,900 
support such organisations of Militant’s estimated 7,000 
and their allies "could; well supporters remained 
enter double figures after life “It continues to control the 
next election- Labour party Young Socialists 

In his latest pamphlet More with a representative on the 
than Militant: The future of National Executive Cbramit- 
the Labour Iffi, Mr Shipley tee and has two of its support- 

Socialist fions further to the left. 'In 

By Political Editor 

Satisfaction with Mrs 
Thatcher’s performance as 
Prime Minister has dropped 
sharply, according to an .opin- 
ion poll released today, less 
than two weeks before the 
Conservative Party . con- 
ference. - 

The Marplan- poll, pub- 
lished in Today , puts support 
for Labour at 40 per cent, the 
Conservatives at 34 per cent 
and the SDP/Liberal Alliance 

spite of Mr Nefl Kinnock'sJ ^A oetcatL 

attempt to tame the Mandrt 2 7 per cent of those 


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A school woodwork tech- 
nician was fairly dismissed 
from his post at a north 
London school after writing 
“wogland” across an Asian 
schoolboy's work, an indus- 
trial tribunal ruled yesterday. 

Mr Leslie Ostergaard, aged 
62, of Longslone Avenue; 
Willesden, north west Lon- 
don. had challenged Brent 
council's derision to dismiss 
him because he had already 
been punished and had apolo- 
gized to the boy. aged 16. 

But Mr Eric Wrintmore. the 
chairman or the tribunal sit- 
ting at Chelsea, said: “We 
have no hesitation in saying 
this was a very offensive and 
foolish thing to write. That it 
was written and on a pupil’s 
work only makes it worse. 

“Mr Ostergaard was dealing 
with a coloured pupil in a 
school in which 80 percent of 
pupils are from ethnic minor- 
ities, in an area where the 
whole subject of race relations 
is a sensitive one", he added. 

Mr John Gallagher, 
representing Mr Ostergaard 
had told the hearing that Brent 
Council broke “every prin- 
cipal of English justice when 
it dismissed Mr Ostergaard. 

.“The local authority acted 
manifestly unfairly in trying to 
punish a man twice for the 
same matter." Mr Ostergaard 
had received an oral warning 
from the headmaster. 

The council had acted after 
a teacher reported the in- 
cident, he said. 

After the tribunal’s derision 
Mr Ostergaard said: “It upsets 
roe that I have been branded 
as a racist, I am not a racist at 
alL It was a little incident 
whicb was accepted as a 

ers. .Terry Fields and Dave 

polled rated Mrs Thatchers 
performance as Prime- Min- 
ister as effective, compared 
with a 63 per cent rating in 
1983. Those who rate her as 
ineffective have increased 
frbm“9 per cent to 33 percent. 

In September last year the 
Alliance held a 10 per cent 

Nellist, in the House of lead in the Marplan poll But 
Commons. ,- n spire of the success of this 

Karoy-SOlcs diary, page 13 year’s SDP conference, the 

Alliance position is likely to 
suffer from the split on de- 
fence policy at the Liberal 
conference in Eastbourne. 

The poll was conducted 
between September 19 and 23, 
. .. before the defence vote at the 

support ms-— g- ^ no 

By Mark Dowd improvement in its rating in 

_. . ._ . . ^ the past month. 

loans win 

By Mark Dowd 
University leaders yes- 

ByOar Political Reporter " 

The Labour Party was mud- 
dled in its attitude towards .. 
council spending, Mr Nicho- 
las Ridley, Secretary of State 
for the Environment, said . _ 

One ami of the party was 
calling for a big increase in 
budgets as part of its job . 
creation package, while an-' . .^ 
other was worried about loans 7 
being taken out by Labour • i- 
local authorities to meet cur- 
rent commitments, he said. 

Mr Ridley told a meeting at • 
the Carlton dub, ~ London, . 
that a circular to councils from 
the Labour local government 
committee told them to pre- 
parefOirasudden expansion of - 
their activities. He added: • 
“There are to be no holds 
barred, when it comes to 
fleecing the ratepayer. 

“Not only wifl all restric- . 
tions on spending be lifted, 
but an append ix to the circular 
recommends that all restraints 
on capital borrowing should 
be removed. Who is going to - 
pay for the borrowing?" 

Mr Ridley said that Labour •; 
had set up a joint committee • " 
to investigate the indebted- . 
ness of its councils, which -.1 
suggested that its pledge on . .. 
borrowing was less than 

tant support " for a mixed 
System of student grants and 
loans, ending years of oppo- 
sition to the principle that 
students ought to pay part of 
their maintenance costs. 

The decision will almost cer- 
tainly signal the eventual 
death knell of the traditional 
system of means-tested grants. 

At a meeting in Edinburgh, 
rice-chancellors said they saw 
sach a scheme as 
“xma voidable" if student num- 
bers woe to be substantially 

Professor Fred HolEday, 
Vice-Chancellor of Durham 

Currie backtracks on 
‘poverty’ remarks 

By Jill Sherman and Richard Evans 

Mrs Edwina Gzrrie, a junior 
health minister, backtracked 

Mr Roy Hattersley, 
Labour’s deputy leader, said. 

University »w| chairman of I deprivation with poverty .She 

yesterday after a barrage of Mrs Currie’s remarks “reveal 
criticism greeted her remarks an ignorance and bigotry 
tlai HI health was not linked excessive even by this 
with poverty m the North- Government’s standards and 
ea **: _ . . . a breathtaking insensitivity 

Mrs umc, on a visit to excessive even by Mrs 
Newcastle upon Tyne on Cunie’s standards." 

Tuesday, dismissed a 250- .. « „ 

page report from Bristol .Mrs Cume was at pains m 
University linking social distance the 

the awards sob-committee 
which has been investigating 
the question of student funding 
over the post year, said: “Oor 
top priority is to get mote 

and said that 31 health was 
more often caused by ig- 
norance and people failing to 
realize that they could control 
their lives. She blamed poor 

students fnro higher education, j .diet, smoking and alcohoL 

In our judgement, inadequate 
grants are blocking that We 

Bin after a flood of calls to 
the Department of Health 

did not think grants would be yesterday, Mrs Currie issued a 
restored to a proper lewd and statement saying^Of course 
since students do not have there is a link between ill 

enough to live on, we are health and poverty, 
looking for the most certain “ Bui rf we simply blame 
way of getting that money fin: unemployment, then poor 
them.’* health will continue. I wanted 

Th* turn *r to stress the importance of afl 

* f the factors needed to maintain 

good health and an in- 

rfSSSoJS&S fK^ forhiJ 

fernusi^ wfrocS Among her critics yesterday , 

* as Mr Michael Meacher, 
Labour’s chief health spokes- 
man, who said: “Fecklessness 
entering higher education. and ignorance do not cause ill 
Mess Vicky Phillips, die health amongst low-income j 

Mess Vicky Phillips, the 
President of the National 
Unira of Statents, described 
the vice-chancellors’ decision 

as a stab in the back. 

families. Lack of money - 
caused by unemployment 
low-pay and reductions in 
benefit levels — does." ! 

Gender dilemma over the deity 

By CHflbrd Langley, Refigiotis Affairs Correspondent 

The Minolta AF-Z 

available from 

Wallace Heaton and Dixons 

and all good photo shops. 

■4"’ M<no(u (UK) limned. 


It is inadequate to refer to 
God only as “He" in private 
prayer, the Bishop of Durham, 
the Right Rev David Jenkins, 
says in his October diocesan 
newsletter. God must also 
reflect all that is female — bat 
“He/Sbe/It" was not ade- 
quate either. 

In an article about prayer, 
the bishop said he found 
referring to God as “He" 

sirely male. He (She?) nwst cepfied. Hebrew words used to 
also reflect all that is female, refer to God in the Old 

And He/Sfce most go beyond 
that. He/She/It? is not a very 
good way ®f putting it — not 
least because It suggests fall- 
ing short of being personal 
rather titan going beyond." . 

TestamenT are both masculine 
and feminine in gender, a 
d isti nc tion hut In traditional 
English versions. 

This is one area where the 
concerns of feminist theolo- 

' The bishop’s comments arc guns in the sixties and seven- 
not expected to have any ties have found general 

controversial impact in tire agreement, even If the Church 
Chock of England. The of England's official liturgy 
limitations of exdfedvdy male has not yet been turned into 
: for the deity are so-called “non-exclusive 
recognised and ac- baggage". 

even if the 

“Clearly God is not exete- 

exressive even by this. 
Government’s standards and 
a breathtaking insensitivity 
excessive even by Mrs 
Dime's standards." 

Mrs Currie was at pains in 
Newcastle to distance the 
effects of government eco- 
nomic policy, particularly un- 
employment, on the stark 
figures in the Bristol report, 
which showed that depriva- 
tion accounted for 1,500 
dealhsa year in the region and 
a 65 per cent higher level of 
permanent sickness. 

The report's author. Profes- 
sor Peter Townsend, accused 
Mrs Currie of sounding off 
without reading its contents. 

~Our findings are indisput- 
able. We have provided scien- 
tific evidence, on the basis of a 
detaded study of 678 wards, of 
the strong relationship be- 
tween material deprivation 
and ill health and mortality.” 


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BMA to put pressure 
on Government to ban 
smoking by under- 18 s 

B y Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

rai^ih^TTl" 1 *?¥ sponsorship of sport and other 
raise Ine legal age at which public events. 

children can buy cigarcues 
from 16 to 18 to protect the 
health of the new generation, 
the British Medical Associ- 
ation said yesterday. 

Children spend £70 million 
a year on smoking and 4 1 per 
cent of school pupils smoke, 
compared to 36 per cent of 
men and 32 per cent ofwomen 
in the population as a whole. 
Dr John Dawson. BMA 
undcr-secreiary. said. 

Raising the legal smoking 
age to 18 would put cigarettes 
on a par with alcohol and 
bring it closer to the “magic 
age** of 20. beyond which it 
was rare for anyone to start 
smoking. Dr Dawson told a 
London news conference. 

Medical research has shown 
that up to 100.000 people a 
year in Britain die pre- 
maturely as a result of smok- 
ing. “A new generation of 
people is growing up addicted 
to nicotine.** he said. 

Dr Dawson urged the Gov- 
ernment to take more action . 
lo discourage the young from 
smoking, including banning 
cigarette advertising and 

The police could help by 
enforcing the existing law 
prohibiting shopkeepers sell- 
ing tobacco to children aged 
under 16. he said. 

The BMA will attempt to 
raise the legal smoking age 
through a private member’s 
Bill in the next parliamentary 
session. It is seeking talks with 
the police on stricter enforce- 
ment of the law applying to 

“There appear to be very 
few prosecutions but it is not a 
trivial offence if children's 
health is endangered.** a 
spokeswoman said. 

the Department of Health to 
co-ordinate advice for people 
Who want to give up tobacco.. 
“Nicotine is a drug and giving 
up is not simply a question of 
willpower. People do need 
help.” she said. 

Britain and other countries 
in the World Health Organiza- 
tion are being asked to take 
action against smoking, “to 
ensure that children and 
young people are protected 
from becoming addicted". 

A book launched at the 
news conference. Tobacco: 
The Truth Behind The Smoke 
Screen (Penguin £195). by 
James Wilkinson, the BBC 
Television science correspoh- 

If the age limit was raised to ■ dent, presents scientific cv- 
18, shopkeepers would be less idence of the effects of 

able to claim that they be- 
lieved children who bought 
cigarettes were old enough. 

"We believe that retailers* 
organizations support our 
campaign but many shops are 
not concerned enough. 

“Any teenager in a school 
uniform would be instantly 
recognizable as too young to 
be sold cigarettes," the spokes- 
woman said. 

The association will also ask 

smoking, and says that chil- 
dren are the most vulnerable 
The pro-smoking group. 
Forest, said that raising the 
age limit lo 18 would be 
counter-productive. “Nobody 
wants to see children smoking, 
but the BMA campaign may 
perversely glamourize smok- 
ing in the eyes of some 
impressionable young 
people." Mr Stephen Eyres, its 
director, said. 

Heart transplants ~ 

Rift over ‘exhibitionism’ 

Professor Magdi 
was striving yesterday to heal 
the wounds of a public aigu- 
ment with the director of the 
European transplant network, 
who accused the heart surgeon 
of “exhibitionism and pub- 

The accusations from Dr 
Bernard Cohen came after 
Professor Yacoub's operation 
last weekend in which a boy 
aged 10 weeks was given a new 
heart and lungs at Harefield 
Hospital, west London. Sub- 
sequent press coverage dis- 
closed that the donor organs 
came from the body of a five- 
day old child in Belgium. 

Dr Cohen was reported 
yesterday as threatening to 
strike Professor Yacoub from 
the Euro Transplant Centre's 
list of doctors who could be 
offered donor organs from 
Continental hospitals and 
health authorities, unless 
"serious promises of 
confidentiality" were forth- 

“We arc unpleasantly sur- 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Yacoub prised by Professor Yacoub's minded and is emphatic about 
exhibitionism and publicity 


seeking once again. It has 
happened more, than once 
before and we have warned 
him many limes. This time I 
am extremely angry," Dr Co- 
hen was quoted as saying at 
the centre in Lieden. in The 

“Every time he goes out for 
publicity, by announcing 
where he has flown to collect 
organs, the donor's family 
suffers great distress and in the 
end this makes it more diffi- 
cult for us to obtain organs." 

The accusations prompted 
telephone calls yesterday be- years, including 69 in which 
tween the two men and of-. ' the patient also received do- 

the need for confidentiality in 
references lo organ donors. 

The surgeon Dew with col- 
leagues to Belgium last Friday 
night to collect the infant heart 
and lungs- The operation was 
performed on Saturday morn- 
ing and announced by Hare- 
field on Monday. 

The hospital organized 
press conference at which 
Professor Yacoub. making a 
rare public appearance at the 
request of the hospital, gave 
details of the baby's condition. 

He has carried out 367 heart 
transplants in the past six 

ficials at Harefield Hospital, 
who were also trying to repair 
the damage. 

“It would be tragic if a 
shortage of donors resulted 
from what we believe to be no 
more than a misunder- 
standing.” Mr Jonathan 
Street, a spokesman for the 
hospital, said- “Mr Yacoub is 
anything but pubiicitv- 

nor lungs. A total of 243 of 
those patients are surviving, 
among them 45 of the heart- 
lung recipients. 

He has succeeded in lower- 
ing the age at which such 
operations-can be offered but 
was criticized two years ago 
for grafting a new heart into a 
10-dhy old baby, who lived for 
a further 18 days. 

Mother’s joy over transplant baby 

By Trudi McIntosh 

The mother of 12 week old 
Jem Paterson, the world's 
youngest heart-lung transplant 
patient, held his hand for the 
first time yesterday at 
Harefield Hospital, west Lon- 
don. and said: “We never 
hesitated about the operation, 
li was his only chance lo live.” 

Mrs Jane ftuerson. aged 31. 
expressed joy and relief after 
visiting iter son in the 
hospital's intensive care unit. 

With her husband. Mr Ian 
Paterson, who is also aged 31. 
beside her. she said of her son: 
“He has eoi liule. pink hands 
and lips. Now we just want 
him home again." 

Mr and Mrs Patersons, who 
ha\e been married for four 
years, live at Harrow, north- 
west London. 

Since the operation last 
Saturday, they have wailed 
impatiently to see their son 
bin colds prevented them 
from holding his hand until 

Mrs Jane Paterson: Tears of 

They praised the 
"brilliance” of Professor 
Magdi Yacoub. the leading 
transplant surgeon at the hos- 
pital. who carried out the 6'/> 
hour operation soon after 
midnight last Friday. 

The operation was made 
possible after donor organs 
from a five-day-old baby in 

Belgium were made available 
at the weekend. 

“We cannot thank Professor 
Yacoub enough." said Mr 
Paterson, who is a painter and 
decorator “But we also want 
lo thank the parents of the 
baby and hopefully it will give 
our boy a chance.” 

Mrs Paterson said she burst 
into tears of “happiness and 
sadness" when she heard that 
donor organs were available. 

“We were devastated when 
doctors first told us that our 
boy had only weeks or months 
to live, and that he would need 
a heart-lung transplant." she 

Jem, who was born with a 
single Ventricle in his heart, 
transposed arteries and a 
missing mitral valve, was 
taken taken off a ventilator on 
Tuesday, and- is taking ex- 
pressed, breast milk through a 

He developed breathing 
difficulties two weeks after he 
was born- 

Parents start 
legal action 1 
over therapy 

The parents of Allan Wal- 
lace started a High Court 
action yesterday to force their 
local council to give him the 
speech therapy he needs. 

Allan, aged nine, suffers 
from a chromosome disorder 
and doctors say he must have 
five 30 to 40-minuic lessons a 
wecK.Oxfordshire Health 
Authority says it cannot afford 
more than three. 

Allan's parents. Mr and Mis 
John Wallace, of Cheyney 
Walk. Abingdon. Oxfordshire, 
jrc asking Mr Justice Me* 
i ui lough to declare Oxford- 
shire County Council js under 
:i duty u> provide live- The 
hearing continues today. 

EEC urged to act over 
threats to consumers 

By AngeDa Johnson 

European consumer watch^ and Consumers* Associauon, 

dog groups will today present 
the British president of the 
EEC Council of Ministers for 
Consumer Affairs witfra list of 
demands they say will lead to 
greater protection for con-, 
sumcr interests within the 

Representatives from the 12 
member countries will put 
their proposals to Mr Michael 
Howard, who is also Minister 
for Corporate and Consumer 
Affairs at the Department of 
Trade and Industry, at a 
meeting in London. 

The groups, including the 
National Consumer Council 

want a health and safety policy 
to prevent the sale of dan- 
gerous products across fron- 
tiers and closer government 
action to reduce the 30.000 
annual product-related deaths 
throughout Europe. 

Mr Tony Venables, director 
of the federation of consumer 
organizations within the Euro- 
pean Community — BEUC — 
highlighted the failure of the 
Austrian government to im- 
mediately inform other coun- 
tries when they discovered 
anti-freeze in a number of 
Austrian produced wines last 

Mute Danielle Ledez, aged 38, who was found shot dead on Monday at the home of Mr Ian 
Wood, the missing solicitor, with her daughter, Stephanie, aged three, who also died, and 
her son, Christopher, aged five, who is critically ill in hospital. 

on video 

By Mark Dowd 

A 12-minnte video tape 
depicting the dilapidated state 
of Bradford's schools is to be 
sent to the Prime Minister. 

Waterlogged school ceil- 
ings, crumbling plasterwork 
and unhygenic Victorian lava- 
tory blocks are featured on the 
tape, compiled by a council- 
funded project at a cost of 

The tape's commentary, 
prepared by the council's 
directorate of educational ser- 
vices, says that many children 
are working in conditions 
which would have been con- 
demned as unacceptable by 
their Victorian forefathers and 
which fail to meet Department 
of Education standards. 

Bradford's backlog of 
school bonding repairs is es- 
timated at £18 million and 
believed to be growing by £3 
million a year. 

Mr John Lambert, chair- 
man of Bradford's educational 
services committee, said yes- 
terday: “Our message is that 
the children of the district 
deserve good quality, well- 
designed schools and that 
many, especially in the inner 
dty, do not have them." 

Women test law 
on retirement age 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Si.x women challenged their 
compulsory retirement by 
British Gas at the age of 60 in a 
test case yesterday which has 
implications for 'the retire- 
ment rights of women in the 
private sector. 

The case, before an indus- 
trial tribunal in. Chelsea, 
south-west London, is being 
brought by the six after a 
European court ruling estab- 
lished that women in the 
public sector should be al- 
lowed to retire at the same age 
as men. 

The Government in- 
troduced amendments to the 
Sex Discrimination Bill, now 
before Parliament, after its 
defeat at the European Court 
in Luxembourg in the case 
brought by Miss Helen Mar- 
shall. a Southampton 

Women in both public and 
private sectors will be able to 

retire at the same age as men 
as a result of the changes, 
although these are unlikely to 
be in force before next 

The six women, from 
throughout Britain, are bring- 
ing their case to clarify ihcur 
particular position. It hinges 
on whether or not British Gas 
is a public authority and. 
therefore, whether it is bound 
by the European ruling. 

Mr James Goudie. QC, 
counsel for the women, said: 
“We submit that the articles of 
the equal treatment directive 
apply to public authorities and 
that at the relevant lime the 
British Gas Corporation was a 
public authority." 

Since the women lost their 
jobs, British Gas has changed 
its policy to allow retirement 
by all workers at the age of 65. 
However, the new policy is 
not retroactive. 

face drop 
in earnings 

By Jonathan Miller 

New rules to limit 
employees' profits when sub- 
sidized theatre productions 
arc commercialized were 
recommended yesterday by an 
Arts Council inquiry into the 
British theatre. 

The rules would require that 
publicly-funded theatres re- 
ceive at least half the earnings 
when a production is sold. 

The inquiiy also called for a 
large increase in subsidies, 
which it said should come 
from a £ 1 4 million levy on the 
BBC and 1TV. The money 
would be used to establish six 
new national theatres outside 
London and to create a 
development fund to support 
new projects. 

The suggested new rules on 
employees' profits would 
substantially increase theatre 
earnings, but mean a drop in 
income for some directors. Sir 
Kenneth Cork, chairman of 
the inquiiy- and vice-chairman 
of* the Arts Council, said. 

He added that the need for 
new rules was clear before 
allegations were made last 
June that Sir Peter Hall, of the 
National Theatre, and Mr 
Trevor Nunn, of the Royal 
Shakespeare Company, had 
made excessive profits from 
the commercialization of sub- 
sidized productions. Both 
have denied the allegations. 

The inquiry recommended 
that directors of national the- 
atres should be employed on 
fixed-term contracts renew- 
able after stringent review. 
Sabbatical leave should be 
limited to no more than six 
months in any three years. 

Sir Kenneth acknowledged 
the hostility of the broadcast- 
ing industry towards the pro- 
posed levy, but said the 
theatre was on the verge of a 
crisis and that was the only 
major new source of funding 
that the committee had been 
able lo identify. By 
concentrating work for 
theatrical professionals in 
London, the television in- 
dustry has kepi talent out of 
the provinces, he said. “If they 
want to starve the areas 
they've got to pay for it.” 
Theatre Is For Ail (Available 
from ihe publications section. 
Arts Council. 105. Piccadilly. 
London WiVOAU: £2). 

Death charge 

A boy aged 16 appeared 
before magistrates at Maid- 
stone. Kent, yesterday charged 
with murdering Mr Norman 
Poulton.aged 54, of Rainham 
High Street, and was re- 
manded in secure accom- 
modation for seven days. 
Three men accused of conspir- 
acy to steal were remanded in 
custody for a week. 

Cash to go 
on holiday 
and garden 

A housewife and a retired 
Civil Servant share yes- 
terdav's Portfolio Gold prize 
of £4,000. 

Mrs Christine Davcy. aged 
46. a housewife from Ayles- 
bury, Buckinghamshire, said: 
“1 cannot believe iL 
Mrs Davey, who has been 
playing the Portfolio Gold 
game for the past six mouths, 
said that she will spend her 
prize money on landscaping a 
garden when her family move 
to a new home in a fortnight. 

Mr Zdzislaw Richard 
Szczncki. aged 63, a retired 
Civil Servant from Osterley, 
west London, said he would 
spend the prim money on a 
holiday to Norway, Vienna 
and Rome. 

"I last won £90 in a pools 
prize in 1946 so this win is a 
wonderful surprise.” 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mr Szczucki, who will use 
the money for a holiday. 

Union talks 
delay BBC 

The BBC has postponed a 
re-launch of its Breakfast Time 
morning news programme be- 
cause of a dispute with three 
unions, a spokesman said 

The revamped programme, 
which is to place more empha- 
sis on news coverage, was to 
have made its debut on Mon- 
day. The spokesman said talks 
on staffing levels were continu- 
ing with the National Union of 
Journalists, the technicians' 
onion Bata, and the 
electricians' nnion. 

London degrees 

A farther list of London 
University degrees will be 
published tomorrow. 

Halifax aims 
for estate 
agency service 

The Halifax Building Soci- 
ety, Britain's largest building 
society, is to set np a national 
estate agency service once the 
BuDding Societies Act be- 
comes tow early next year. 

The Halifax, with £20 bil- 
lion in assets, aims to have 100 
estate agency offices by 1987. 
It will be joining the Nation- 
wide BaQding Society and 
insurance companies in the 
fight to boy estate agencies 
which provide a valuable out- 
let for financial services 

The Halifax's first ac- 
quisition will be Henry Spen- 
cer and Sons, the estate agent 
which has 20 offices ranging 
from Cambridgeshire to 

The building society will not 
disclose the terms of its agree- 
ment with Henry Spencer 
which will come into effect 
once the Act becomes law. 

The estate agent sells on 
average bonses worth 
£130 million a year and has 
the lion's share of the residen- 
tial market in its area. 

Residential estate agents 
are being bought by banks, 
insurance companies and. lat- 
terly. the bonding societies. 

Archbishop goes out with the trash 

By Michael Horsnetl 
Lord Coggan. former Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, may be 
M’cretfc s 'kk as a parrot that 
he has been deleted and 
former world snooker cham- 
pion Ray Reardon over Ihe 
ni, wm that he is mclndcd for 
ihc first time. . _ , 

I he second edition of Cfli- 
lins English Dictionary _was 

published yesterday ” 7,lHm 

references richer 
■wilulionary parent oT 
Its (iter by a handful 



m Ms the lexicographic trash 
ran ( formerly dustbin)*^ 
cone a small generation of 
public figures and words they 
iimtiI, and in their placeha'J 
..merged an enlarged range of 
today’s people and the words 

(hey have changed. Gay. for 
instance, no longer means 
principally merry and carefree 
but homosexual and neither 
Arthur Scargill nor Tony Bean 

On behalf of yesterday's 
people. Lord Coggan told The 
Times yesterday: “It's a dic- 
tionary I consistently use and I 
expect ft to be op to date so I'm 
not a hit surprised I've been 
deleted. I'm port of the ebb 
and (low of history and the 
lexicographer’s art. 

**I must say it’s nice to be in 
Koch exalted company as some 
the other deletions but i 
should add that I haven't 
pu-iMrd away yet-" 

\ccordIng to Bill McLeod, 
»ho directed the team respon- 
sible for the revisions, some of 

them may well be accorded the 
opportunity of a comeback in 
the third edition. 

He said: “.As Dr Johnson 
(still included) said: 'Depend 
upon it sir. When a man is to 
be hanged tomorrow it con- 
centrates his mind 
wonderfully.' It has been a 
difficult decision lo delete 
some people but competition 
with others and pressure of 
space have dictated it." 

Mr McLeod, who read En- 
glish Language and Literature 
at the University of Edin- 
burgh, added: “We went 
though some agonies over who 
to leave out and bring hi and 
over the changing usage of 
words like gay. Then we took a 
deep breath and jumped in." 

To the innovative features of 

the first Coliins Dictionary 1 , 
like biographical ami geo- 
graphical subjects, has been 
added a wealth of technologi- 
cal. society, pop, slang and 
medical language. 

Thus glit A pzazz, funk and 
zonked indicate that one 
character's naff vocabulary is 
another's buzz and that when a 
lexicographer gets to work. 
Sod's Law means he will never 

Collins English Dictionary 
(£14.50 plain, £16-50 thumb 
indexed, £35 de luxe leather) 
is the frnit of 15.000 boors' 
editorial work by more than 30 
staff and specialists who re- 
vised the first edition. And, 
inevitably, ft is already out of 
date. Chernobyl gets neither 
bang nor whimper. 


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liberal assembly 


Health service 

Defence aftermath 



Delegates back call by 
Freud to rebuild 
education partnership 

, The Liberals' key priorities 
• in education were to get young 
people to stay in education 
and to rebuild the education 
partnership by respecting the 
teachers and paying them as 
they were expected to per- 
form, Mr Clement Freed MP, 
Liberal education spokesman, 
said in opening a debate on 
. partnership in education yes- 
terday at the Liberal Assembly 
in Eastbourne. 

He moved a motion, which 
was carried, condemning the 
Government's stewardship of 
education, its refusal to pro- 
vide adequate funding and its 
failure to carry through the 
reforms that would make 
education more relevant to 
Britain's future needs. 

The motion pledged a 
Liberal government to: secur- 
ing a lasting agreement on the 
structure of the leaching pro- 
fession; expanding provision 
for in-service teacher training: 
setting up a centra! fund to 
promote a broader and more 
comprehensive curriculum; 
encouraging greater involve- 
ment of parents and pupils in 
decision-making; expanding 
education opportunities for 
the under-fives: setting out a 
long-term plan for the expan- 
sion of higher education 
opportunities to meet in- 
creased demands and the 
needs of a technological soci- 
ety: and restoring the Open 
University's funding to a level 
that would enable it to satisfy 
its buoyant demand for places. 

An amendment to delete the 
reference to a central govern- 
ment fund was rejected. 

Mr Freud condemned gov- 
ernment plans for Crown 
schools and vouchers in what- 
ever guise. Such measures 
were like show flats, diverting 
attention from the scaffolding 
and faulty drainage round the 
hack of the building. 

He said: “This Government 
believes in market forces, 
treating education not as a 

principle but as a commodity, 
a consumer good. We reject 
out ofband what I think of as 
the washing machine model of 
education being peddled by 
Mm Thatcher and her Sec- 
reiary of Stale. Labour's solu- 
tion is to purchase the washing 
machine on the never-never, 
changing the colour of the 

The Libera] concept was 
rooted in partnership in the 


which should be irrelevant in 
a Liberal society. We are not 
promising instant miracles. 
We arc the only party id 
commit ourselves to a struc- 
ture of support." 

That was not a centrist 
measure. They were trying to 
stop education depending on 
the whim of a transitory 
Secretary of State stealing 
money from local authorities 
and then inviting them to 

issue tike Trustee Savings 
Bank but a common venture, 
run for the common wealth. 

Education should be a right 
for aO not a privilege for those 
who could afford it Miss 
Sheila Conliffe, Union of 
Liberal Students, said when 

she successfully moved an 
emergency motion reaffirming 
the party's opposition to any 
form of student loans. 

Incentives should be given 
to encourage more women, 
mature students, the ethnic 
minorities and those from low 
income families, to enter 
higher education and the idea 
of loans would have the re- 
verse effect. 

Mr Roy O’ Driscoll, a Lon- 
don School of Economics stu- 
dent, said there was nothing 
wrong with loans except that 
they had to be repaid. That 
was all right providing the 
student eventually got well 
paid work, but not so good for 
the 5 per cent who wonld not 
get work of any kind. 

Repayment should be linked 
to an ability to repay and then 
the problem would be solved, 
he suggested. 

“We need a decent, eq- 
uitable. financial structure to 
counter the gross imbalances 
between schools, between re- 
gions, between ethnic groups, 
which have grown under this 
government, not on any rele- 
vant criteria of ability or 
potential but on a criterion 

one-off compete for their own money 

under the education suport 

A Liberal central fund 
would be financed with extra 
money and be distributed in 
accordance with the priorities 
determined by the revitalized 
education partnership. It was 
right that the Secretary of 
State should at the margin 
have room for innovation. 

Liberals recognized that 
parents and teachers were the 
natural allies — an allia nce 
that Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
had tried to wreck but which 
might in the end wreck her. 

Mr Dennot Roof. Oxford 
West and Abingdon, said the 
motion did not put enough 
emphasis on tire development 
of individuals. Education was 
not just for jobs, it was for life. 
The motion was rather out of 
date. There was a lot they 
could do now in balanced 
councils and councils under 
Alliance control to put those 
things into effect 

Mr Richard Hoskins, Wan- 
stead and Woodford, said 
education in Britain was in 
crisis. The involvement of 
parents, teachers and staff was 
needed in the running of 

Mr Peter Driver, prospec- 
tive parliamentary candidate 
for Eastbouroe, opposing the 
motion, said it had the 
ingredients for tackling 
Britain's near tragic educa- 
tional failures, but there was 
one startling omission on the 



Law on discrimination 
‘would be reviewed’ 

Black Britons were cast to 
the bottom of the pile, made 
the scapegoats for all the ills in 
society. Mr Edward 
Ratnaraja. Birmingham, said, 
opening a debate “towards 
racial justice". 

They were denied fun- 
damentals such as a decent 
environment and housing and 
were at a disadvantage in 
education and employment 
he added. 

He successfully proposed a 
motion recognizing the multi- 
cultural and multi-racial na- 
ture of British society and the 
evidence of widespread dis- 
crimination and disadvantage 
suffered by ethnic minorities. 

The motion also resolved 
that in government the Liberal 
Party would review the 1976 
Race Relations Act with a 
view to its replacement by 
effective sanctions against 
unlawful discrimination, 
realistic remedies for those 
discriminated against and 
wider powers of investigation 
and enforcement. 

Mr Keith Whitmore, 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Manchester. 
Gorton, said it was essential 
the party committed itself to 
scrapping the 1981 British 
Nationality Act 

Mrs Zerbaaoo Gifford. Har- 
row East, said racism was a 
squalid reality for millions in 
Britain. Ethnic communities 

did not regard racial equality 
in terms of political fashion 
but in terms of pressing needs. 

Mr Rqj Vaghadia. South 
Leicestershire, said they re- 
jected the positive discrimina- 
tion of setting up black 
sections as practised within 
the Labour Party. All people, 
whatever race or colour, were 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
MP for Leeds West. Liberal 
spokesman on community 
relations, said the introduc- 
tion of vias was wrong, it 
should never have happened 
and must go. 

• The Government's recently 
announced introduction of 
visa requirements for tem- 
porary visitors from Pakistan 
and certain Commonwealth 
countries was denounced as 
“racist in principle and ar- 
bitrary in practice" in an 
emergency motion carried by 
the assembly. 

In the motion the assembly 
committed Liberals in govern- 
ment to the abolition of the 
requirement and reaffirmed 
the party's determination to 
end those aspects of immigra- 
tion law and practice that were 

Mr Alan SherweU, par- 
liamentary candidate for 
Aylesbury, in moving it. said 
the new regulations would 
only cause alienation and do 
no good for community or 
international relations. 

Cheeis and a standing ova- 
tion greeted the announce- 
ment by Mr Cyril South, MP 
for Rochdale, that he- had. 
changed his mind and would 

definitely be standing again at Our task is to go forward to 

the next general election. 

In an address to the assem- 
bly he said: “The next election 

cannot be far away. Many of general election, but I believe 
us are seriously disturbed at it is so vital that socialism is 

the rising threat of socialism, 
especially as we have seen it 
demonstrated in the town 

Mr David Steel making child's {day of a visit to a school in Eastbourne yesterday. 

subject of the needs of hand i- was supposed to be the accept- reived from the local 
capped children. able face of Philistinism. They authority. 

It was no fluke Britain's should not kid themselves. He “The Government is ped- 
levels of spending ou educa- would be no better than Sir dling old right-wing solutions 
tion were the lowest and levels Keith Joseph. He could smile with its underlying philosophy 
of unemployment were the and be a villain. of a market model for educa- 

bighest in the western world .. .. •' tion. but its logic is flawed," 

Britain was spending less on -she said, 

education than defence, ft was a - The Government's educa- 
ting to spend more when SEPSSnSiilln ll0n Policy was ill-founded 

there was record youth ^ short-sighted Britain was 

unemployment fur outstripped by her Indus- 

Council for Chris Bradford. 3111 trial competitors in provision 

Cambridgeshire County SgLSTKi J'SL “ for places for both technical 
Council, moving the amend- . LiSSrEi training and higher j 

ment to delete the reference to education, the teal value of I 

a central government fond H2?£2JSt student grants bad been cut by i 

said it was totally against which should be mandatory. 2 0 per dm since 1979 and the 
Liberal principles, which were Ms Wendy. - Newton. Government had shown con- 
in favour of locally based prospective parliamentary siderable hostility towards 
decisions and not allowing candidate for Wansdyke, students through restricting 
someone in the Department of responding to the debate, said their entitlement to benefits. 
Education and Science to that parents, teachers, gov- The Government had 1 
make decisions for them. emors and councillors were placed more hurdles in front , 
Ms Sheila Ritchie. Aber- aware of the crisis of oversized of people from less well off. 
deen North, supporting the classes, lack of text books and homes entering higher educa- 1 
motion, asked if they were dependence on parent-teacher tion at a time when industry i 
meant to believe education, associations for the purchase had massive skills shortages, ! 
like health, was safe in Mrs of essentials. Thai had trebled she said, and the Open 
Thatcher's hands? Mr since 1981 for things such as University had had to turn 
Kenneth Baker, the new Sec- textbooks. In her son's school away 24,000 hopeful ap- 
retary of State for Education, it matched the capitation re- plicants this year. 

set Cyril Smith’s 
change of mind Common 

i when Labour become Parly, in response to their * 
er-drunk. unanimous pleas to me. that I VtO 

t Labour victory at the would dish Labour at the next 1/ilLiVvU 

is to eo fcrwd to Atoka * inhisspMrfi «a C 1 

anxious myself to tadfc«£d Xin'BnWs taS I l“ roPe ’ S 

a step down at the next with Mr David Steel and that 

ral election, but I believe he was not- in favour of the- • 

so vital that socialism is .Alliance with the Social tht^rrvrallerf 

ped. that before I left to Democaitic Pany. Paying 

was supposed to be the accept- 
able face of Philistinism. They 
should not kid themselves. He 
would be no better than Sir 
Keith Joseph. He could smile 
and be a vUIain. 

Mr Prakash Mandhra. Har- 
row. said in a multi-racial 
society it was important to 
look closely at the education 
of under-fives. Inequalities 
between men and women 
would remain unless local 
authorities had a dear pro- 
gramme for education of pre- 
school children, provirion for 
which should be mandatory. 

Ms Wendy • Newton, 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Wansdyke. 
responding to the debate, said 
that parents, teachers, gov- 
ernors and councillors were 
aware of the crisis of oversized 
classes, lack of text books and 
dependence on parent-teacher 
assodations for the purchase 
of essentials. Thai had trebled 
since 1981 for things such as 
textbooks. In her son's school 
it matched the capitation re- 

Cheers greet Cyril Smith’s 
election change of mind 

balls when Labour become 

“A Labour victory at the 
next elections would be a 
major threat to democracy. 


“I was anxipus myself to 
lake a step down at the next 

Parly, in response to their 
unanimous pleas to me. that I 
would dish Labour at the next 
general election by carrying 
the flag in Rochdale." 

Mr Smith said in his speech 
that he (wanted to nail two 
myths: that, he had feuded 
with Mr David Steel and that 

stopped, that before I left to 
come here, I advised the 
officers in Rochdale Liberal 


Women to be included 
on election shortlist 

At least one woman must be 
included in future in any 
constituency shortlist of par- 
liamentary candidates, the 
Assembly decided. 

The constitutional change 
was judged to have received 
the necessary two- thirds 
majority on a show of hands, 
despite protests and calls for a 
counted vote. It was backed 
despile impassioned pleas that 
it would load lo “token 

The action of a number of 
Liberal consituency associ- 
ations in selecting a candidate 
was discriminatory in the 
extreme. Mr Da* id Hughes, 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Wcslhury. com- 
plained when moving the 

. Some wTOte to all the men 

on the list of approved can- 
didates and none of the I 

There were shouts of 
•’rubbish" when he said Lib- 
erals had (aught the Social 
Democrats a number of les- 
sons but this was one lesson 
the SDP could teach them. 
From the beginning the SDP 
had ensured (heir shortlists 
had both sexes represented 

Mrs Liz Brett. Ramsey - 
Waterside, opposing the 
amendment, said it would not 
serve any purpose. It would 
not work’ Positive discrimina- 
tion in favour of any group in 
society was a dangerous game. 

Ms Liz Barker. Association 
of Liberal Trade Unionists, 
strongly supporting the 
amendment said it was not a 
solution but an important step 

.Alliance with the Social 
Democaitic Pany. Paying 
public tribute to the Liberal 
Party leader, he said he 
wanted Mr Steel lo be Prime 
Minister and that he was 
totally in favour of the 

He added, to laughten“I 
have read with great interest 
that I have had a three year 

for the development of com- 
mon foreign and defence poli- 
cies in Europe 
While indicating he pro- 
posed to be restrained in not 
referring lo the defence debate 
vote. Sir Russell Johnston, 
MP for Inverness, Naira and 
Lochaber, leader of the Scot- 
tish Liberal Party and Liberal 

C„ M J rv-.’j e.™ I 1171,-, 11911 <uiu UIAJOI 

m!S spokesman on European af- 
rubbish. If it is true, he must disclosed to the assem- 

Sfe b,y Ihal "b* «> me were 

! L rl^m jubilant, he was angry, 

ot the Liberal .Party for 10 Mre Eispetb Buchanan 

1 co ° sl ‘! er 1° ** Glasgow Hillhead and a can- 
thebest party teaderin Britain di £f e in ^ 1984 European 

*bc party and the country elections, backed the call for 
owes him a gre at d ebt. I have common European foreign 
not always agreed w,th what and defence policies, 
he satd, or what he has done. Shc ^ ^ Soviet 
but at least he has done Union was not unilateralist, 
something. an d nuclear weapons could 

Gtvmg full support to the 00t be uninvented. 

.Alliance, he said that with the They were there so Mr 
present scandalous electoral Simon Hughes could not leave 
system it would be m^ness a ^dear-free world to his 

S. r *,J he i ,b ^ ls SDP t0 children. Under the motion 
n£i t each other. There was a carried, the assembly in- 
grrat deal about which they strucicd its national -executive 

,u Dd Jr ^ a b° ul and policy committee to en- 

which they disagreed, even - 

after yesterday’s vote on a 
non-nuclear defence policy. 

He said:“We must fight on 
together and we will fight on j 
together m alliance. 

“The Tories are helping to 
defeat themselves. Labour 
puts- on a cosmetic front. Our 
task is to go forward together 
in alliance, to defeat them 


in NHS 

The Liberal Pany commit- 
ted itself w a 2 per cent a year 

real increase in spending <m 
the National Health Service. I a aa u„ a1 . Cmith 1 to 
That figure was no: specifi- | GeOffrey 51111111 1 ¥ 

cally mentioned in a motion 1 ■ 

on the NHS carried unarn- Cyril Smith did his best to 
mouriy by the assembly but raise Liberal spirits yesterday, 
several speakers said that such But it will take more than nfcs 
a real increase was needed to robast de c la r a ti on that he will 
cover the costs of demo- fight the next election t® wipe 
graphic changes in the popula- out the effects of the defence 
lion and medical advances. dehate the day before. 

The original motion before For public consumption 
the assembly merely called for Liberal spokesmen have nata- 
increased resources being rally been doing their best to 
spent on the NHS. The make light or the leadership s 
commitment for a read in- defeat then. Not a good result, 
crease was put in through an they are saying, but not a 
amendment moved by Mr catastrophe either. 

Duncan Brack, of the National That is simply patting a 

League of Young Liberals. brave face on it- There is a i 
The amendment, accepted widespread sense of gloom m « 
without a vote, also made Eastbourne, especially among 
clear that the real increase in Liberal candidates who fore- 
resources would also cover an see the prospect of facing the 
increase in NHS pay. electorate on behalf of a 

The motion, moved by Dr disunited Alliance. For them it 
Derek Pbeby, Wincanton, sec- may seem that the position 
retary of the Liberal health could hardly be worse, 
policy panel, called for a That is wrong. Not only 
reallocation of resources with could the position be worse, 
greater em p hasis on primary but it probably will be after the 
and community care and pre- debate on nodear power this 
ventive medicine, increased morning. It is widely expected 
access to health information that the conference will then 
and direct democratic control pass a resolution calling on the 
There was loud applause for Government, among other 
Ms Rosemary Cooper, party things, “to commence a 
candidate in the by-election planned phasing oot of all * 
when Mr Kilroy Silk resigns as nuclear power”. 

Labour MP for Knowsley Even if that is amended, as 
North, said the people of it may well be, to refer only to 
Knowsley were fed up with nuclear fission not fusion, it 
MPs who wanted to be some- would stilly mean that on 
body: they wanted an MP who another major issue the Lib- 
would do something for them- erals were taking a stand this 
Dr Pheby said that despite week that conflicted with that 
Conservative claims, expen- taken by the Social Democrats 
dilute on hospital and com- fast week, 
munity services in 1984-85 — — — — 

went down. It was time the niffprpnrpc 
National Health Service be- T^mcrenGCS» 

came just that and not a ffifry DC QCCp 
national illness service. There 

should be a statutory com- This would be no more than 

P M> 5 th«*v m.icT a passing embarrassment if it f> 
Mr Brack said they must were ^ those 

accidents that is almijs likely 
increase in NHS tending suf- to QCCar at a ,****„»* that 
ficient to maintain standards being 

Two nerrent wa^t hMvirtom om mana 8 ed - But neither the 
Two per cent was the bottom T0 ^ e defence policy, nor the 

line below which expenditure nAm>r 

must not fall beauiseifit did, .VdSlfE 

it meant aits. Low pay was the otoroing, can be classed as an 
reason for the increased abetTation. 
demoralization within the ser- What 

Mr Nigel Priestly, prospeo ^ fo*, the 

tive parliamentary candidate difficulty & recowatetTtheir 

C ? lnc - differences on specific poli- 

welroming a commitment to a cies. but the po^Qhy that 
2 per cent real increase in ^ese differences iudirate a 
funding, gave a warning that deeper conflict of attitudes. 

they could not go into an J*. Q . 

election saying they would pay Sue* 1 s 

for everything because it ere- 

ated unrealistic expectations. 0 

Mr Martyn Smith, prospeo abort tho« numerojs cousfat- 

tive parliamentary candidate U P fc and . J 0 ?™. 

for West Bromwich East, 

backing the call for a real {Pf* 1 Ll J erab - 

increase in resources, told the ~em»ocrats *** IDd * slinBinsh ' 

assembly that the agreement a °7‘ A . . . 

reached between the health A ^ ** B 

teams of the liberal Party and ^ “ 15 ^ on 

Social Democratic Party was ero j. ent at * eir ^ respe ^? ve 
being held up by the feais of fooferences, when ithey gather 
the Treasury to discuss policy, that there is 

The first level of costing a SodaiDemocntic political 
showed an essential need for P efSOna l 1 ty . til * 

the NHS to get something like »“* aa . th « L,betal political 
£1 billion and then further pe ^ sonall * J ' 
increases of several hundred Social Democrats are more 
millions a year. har dh eaded, more aware of jk- 

Mr Archie Kirkwood. MP doctoral realities and of the 
for Roxburgh and Berwick- uglier facts in the world 
shire, and liberal spokesman nrooud them, more responsive 
on health, said health would to leadership. liberals are 
bea priority for Liberals. m ore ide alistic, more inclined 

■ - - to trust human nature, more 

Today’s agenda individaaJisti c- 

The Alliance consultative * c 

policy document. Partnership A Question Ot 

sure that all Liberal policies for Progress, will be consid- nnlirv Inmr 
took tell account of the Euro- ered today. There are to be P OJ1L y fQg 1C 
pean dimension debates on energy policy, on — 

Unlike the other parties the food, farming and the these difi 

Alliance had the courage to countryside, and on freedom attitude which are i 
call, not jusi for co-operation and choice for women. Emer- in 8 in the conflicts 
in Europe but unity, Mrs gency motions on South Af- After Chernobyl th 
Susan Thomas, prospective rica and health in the northern ety abort nuclear 
parliamentary candidate for region will be taken as well as l* 0 * parties, hut Sc 
Mole Valley, said in opening a question session on the ora * s are more eas 
the debate. environment. by the economic di 

Angry MPs condemn disloyalty over defence 


Plea for add rain curb 

The answer to the problem 
of acid rain lay in convening 
every coal-fired power station 
in the country and not just 
three or four. Mr Peter 
Bowler, prospective par- 
liamentnrv candidate for 
Rotherham, said. 

He successfully proposed an 
emergency motion calling on 

the Government to join the 
“30 Per Cent Club*' immedi- 
ately and w support the 
longer-term reduction of 60 
per cent in acidic emissions. 

Mr Robin Ashby. 
Lamburgh. said he regretted 
having to oppose the motion I 
but he thought it should be 1 
more positive 

By Philip Webster Chief 

Political Correspondent 

The villains of the piece 
were missing when Liberal 
MPs filed into Mr David 
Steel's Room 217 at the 
Queen's Hotel in Eastbourne 
late on Tuesday to survey the 
disaster of the defence debate. 

The three MPS who voted 
against their leader, Mr Si- 
mon Hughes. Mr Michael 
Meadowcroft and Mr Archie 
Kirkwood, were delayed. The 
latter two were playing in the 
hand at the traditional con- 
ference revue; Mr Hughes was 
at a fringe meeting. 

But their absence did not 
lessen the fury directed 
particularly at Mr Hughes 
and Mr Meadowcroft. who 
made influential speeches 

was putting a brave face on his 
defert, that his life had not 
been made easier but that he 
was determined to go forward 
and work out an agreed de- 
fence policy for the Alliance. 

He made a restrained attack 
on the naivety of his absent 
colleagues for failing to appre- 
ciate tbe political damage of 
their actions and the way that 
they were to be presented in 
yesterday's newspapers. 

But as MPs and the handful 
of Liberal peers present each 
made their contributions the 
volume of criticism rose. The 
unobtrusive Mrs Elizabeth 
Shields, the party's newest 
MP, was the first to speak,, 
surprising her colleagues with 
the passion of her attack. Her 
victory in the Ryedale by- 
election. she said, had been 

aga in s t the leadership in the. based on Alliance unity and 
debate, in what was to become the actions of Mr Hoghes and 

one of the most emotional, 
sorrowful and angry meetings 
that the Parliamentary 
Liberal Party has ever held. 
Mr Steel had been let down. 

A remarkably composed Mr 
Steel began proceedings by 
telling his colleagues that he 

Mr Meadowcroft had been 
’ totally against that spirit. 

Mr David Alton, the Liberal 
Chief Whip ami is charge of 
discipline, accused the three 
rebels of disloyalty in publish- 
ing their dissenting defence 
paper. Across the Divide, last 

week without proper consulta- 
tion with Mr Jim Wallace, the 
defence spokesman, a criti- 
cism echoed by Mr Wallace 
who said he felt betrayed. 

Mr Alton said that the 
party's rales would have to be 
changed to subject spokesmen 
to collective responsibDity. 

Mr Malcolm Bruce, who 
spoke in the debate for the 
leadership tine, suggested that 
Mr Hughes should be disci- 
plined; Mr Alex Carlile said 
that before the Alliance be- 
came serious contenders for 
government some of bis col- 
leagues would have to grow up. 

But tbe most impassioned 
remarks came from two of Mr 
Steel's oldest and closest 
friends. Lord Mackie of 
Benshie, die former Scottish 
Liberal Party chairman who 
gave Mr Steel bis first job asa 
researcher in the Scottish 
party, and who has since 
become a father-figure to him, 
dearly took it personally. 

“David has been treated 
despicably," he said. Mr Steel 
would have every justification 
in throwing in the towel and 
resigning. That prompted an 

immediate Intervention from 
Mr Steri to say tint he had no 
intention of doing so. 

Sir Russell Johnston, MP 
lor Inverness, said that in 22 
years as a Liberal MP be had 
never known an act of greater 
disloyalty: “David has pulled 
tbe Liberal^ Party up from 
nothing by his own endeavours 
and this is what they have 
done to him." The rebels, he 
said, had let down David Steel, 
the liberal Party and die 

Another veteran. Mr Ste- 
phen Ross, said that trying to 
kill the European initiative at 
birth had shown a spectacular 
lack of imagination. 

By now Mr Hughes had 
arrived. He voiced regret that 
bis colleagues felt so hurt what 
what had happened but de- 
fended his right to sprat out 
When he said that be agreed 
that more collective 
responsibility should be in- 
troduced. Mr Ross remarked: 
"It is a bit late now. Simon." 
>( Mr Meadowcroft and Mr 
Kirkwood arrived hotfoot from 
playing clarinet and guitar at 

the revue. The. temperature of the same again. 

the debate had by then low- 
ered, but the attacks 

For Mr Kirkwood, a protege 
of Mr Steel, it had been a 
painful decision and his dis- 
tress was obvious to his col- 
leagues. He did not speak. Mr 
Meadowcroft blamed the tim- 
ing of the joint commission 
report: promises had been 
made to tbe party which had 
not been kept He earned some j 
jeers when he said that he had 
tried to “manage" the party, i 

Mr Steel wound up and Tor 
tbe benefit of the latecomers" 
underlined die difficulties into 
which he had been placed; the 
issue would now dominate the 
rest of the conference and his 
speech on Friday. He had 
wanted to concentrate on other 
matters. An opportunity bad 
been lost. A defence agreement 
wonld be thrashed, ort but a 
political problem had been 

After two mi happy horns 
they left. The Parlia m en t ary 
Liberal Party, soon to be run 
by the disciplines of collective 
responsibility, wodd never be 

It is these differences of 
attitode which are now appear- 
ing in the conflicts over policy. 
After Chernobyl there is anxi- 
ety abort nuclear power in 
both parties, brt Socfal Demo- 
crats are more easily swayed 
by the economic difficulties of 
phasing ft ort. A disarmament 
agreement that would make it 
unnecessary for Britain to 
keep a midear deterrent would 
be eagerly welcomed by both 
parties, but Liberals are more 
readily persuaded that it is 
likely to be achieved. 

In so far as this is just a 
difference of emphasis it is 
tolerable, even constructive. 
No vigorous party can be 
monolithic in Its thinking The 
threat for the Alliance is of a 
point being reached where 
there was a conflict between 
political mid policy logic. 

Political lojpc requires not 
only the development of a joint 
programme, bat also the 
steady convergence of the two 
parties - though not a merger 
this side of the election. 

Brt parties, especially a 
party with strdb deep wells of 
emotion as tbe liberals, wifi 
not be guided solely by such 
political caknfations if the 
fogfe Of their thinking on 
policy togs them too far apart 

What we shall now see over 
tbe next few months is . 
whether the thinking of Social 
Democrats and Liberals can 
be brought dose enough to 
allow them to act in what they 
know is their own political 

U' F 

Assembly reports by Alan Wood, Anthony Hodges and Amanda Haigh 

J __ 



Hurd urges tight EEC 
frontier controls in 
war against terorists 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 
The European Community 
must Ughicn its external fron- 
tier controls in the growing 
battle against terrorism, crime 

and drugs. Mr Douglas Hurd, 
the Home Secretary, said in 
Bonn last night 
He was speaking on the eve 
of today’s specially convened 
summit meeting in Loudon 
where ministers from the 12 
Community countries will 
discuss how io step up the 
fight against terrorists in the 
wake of the latest outrages in 

Mr Hurd contrasted the 
wish to remove internal 
obstructions within Europe in 
order to boost trade, with the 
need to prevent terrorists 
getting inside the EEC 
"If we are to minimise the 
barriers which apply at our 
internal frontiers we must first 
satisfy ourselves that the 
reduction of frontier controls 
will be compatible with the 
fight against terrorism; crime 
and vugs to which we all 
attach so much importance,” 
Mr Hurd, who was address- 

Baggage scan device is 
developed for airports 

the same time, will not be 
loaded on to aircraft until the. 
guard is satisfied it is safe. 

Although baud ho gg n gg is 
subject to X-ray amS often 
hand search, luggage which is 
checked in to go inte tbe bold 
of an aircraft is not usually 

Airport officials will next 
week be shown a new system, 
for screening passengers' lug- 
gage which could re volution Lee 
security procedures in Britain 
(Harvey Elliott writes). 

The device, invented by. a 
team of British scientists after 
the crash of an Air India 

jumbo jet in the Irish Sea, . screened m the same way, 
automatically screens luggage 
as passengers get boarding 
cards at check-in desks. 

A security guard, who could 
be sitting in a separate room, 
will monitor the contents of 
luggage on a console, bat the 
bags, which will be weighed at 

Airlines Hying to sensitive 
destinations, such as the Mid- 
dle East or Northern Ireland, 
ask passengers to identify 
their bags before loading. But 
many security experts say this 
can often lead to worrying 

jails ‘will 
save cash’ 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

Prisons could be built and 
run by private companies, 
saving taxpayers' money. Sir 
Edward Gardner, QG chair- 
man of the Parliamentary 

Select Committee on Home 
Affairs, said yesterday. 

Sir Edward told the annual 
conference of the Howard 
League for Penal Reform: 
"The rise in crimes of vi- 
olence, the growth of terror- 
ism and the gruesome threat 
of a prodigious increase in 
drug-trafficking, leaves us 
with no choice but to build 
new prisons.” 

The Government’s building 
programme for 16 prisons. 14 
of which were planned to open 
by 1 W, was now well under 
way. he said. The cost to the 
taxpayer was bound to be 
heavy, but he suggested the 
burden might be lightened by 
having new prisons built and 
administered by private 

Mr Alex Cariile QC, Liberal 
spokesman on home affairs 
and the law. told the con- 
ference there should be a 
permanent staff college for 
magistrates and judges. 

"In particular, new judges 
should undergo training 
which would provide a far 
greater understanding of the 
consequences of imprison- 
ment. and of the interests of 
society in using it only as the 
sentence of last resort.” 

Black enterprise 

New magazine teaches 
entrepreneurial skills 

By Jonathon Miller, 

get to the office of Mr 
y Barnett, the Jamaica- 
political activist tinned 
»ber. yon have first to 
iate your way through 
of sasparilla — more 
500 lbs of iL 
is storing it for a mend 
wants to get into the 
I soft drinks business, 
irillx he says, is as good 
s of succeeding in busi- 
as any other. And Mr 
*tt sincerely wants blacks 

*n his editorial office in 
sh Town, north London, 
tarnett has launched a 
de to turn Britain’s 
s into entrepreneurs. 
alth, bis business maga- 
for Macks, contains a 
to sources of capital, a 

* on the law of contracts, 
i survey of initiatives to 

businessmen to get 

* pilch is disturbing to 

of Mr Barnett’s politi- 

ictive friends. “Themih- 
say we shouldn't be in 
ess. we should be m 
s. But the ideologues 
not coming up with the 
*s. Wealth is about ga«~ 
twTidencc, the will to 
re; setting goals." 
asared by conventional 
ticks. Mr Barnett * 
f wealthy himseiL He 
in a rented house in 
k Green, north London, 
is salary is £ 1X500. But 
lamell says he gets Ms 
action from watching 

i prosper. **I feel wealthy 
. 1 feel Rood”, he said. 

■mg the sixties. Mr 
tt stayed up late into the 
drinking endless cup* of 
, talking about racialism 

npressioiu . . 
was an agonizing time 
tic recalls. In the end, 
<ne«i direction, opeiune 

peratiie baker* » 1^69 

then enrolling at the 

Media Correspondent 

North London Polytechnic to 
study business. 

In 1983, after a time with a 
freelance management con- 
sultancy, he created the Paul 
Bogle Foundation, named at- . 
ter the Jamaican folk hero 
hanged by the British for 
leadmg a peasant nprising. 

The foundation, which has 
received financial support 

Mr Bunny Barnett encour- 
aging blacks into business. 

from Levi Strauss, the Ameri- 
can clothing manufacturer, 
Calor Gas, National West- 
minster Bank and Citibank, 
has in tern spawned Wealth 
and wQ! soon launch a minor- 
sty business investment fund to 
channel money directly to 
black entrepreneurs. 

But, Mr Barnett says, 
blacks looking for easy money 
need not apply. He believes 
that handing oat grants to 
black businesses, with no 
strings attached, will only 
perpetuate a culture of depen- 
dence. To succeed, people 
should team to identify 
opportunities, write credible 
business plans, understand 
balance sheets and make a 
personal financial commit- 
ment to success. 

mg the Anglo-German Associ- 
ation. added: “If controls at 
internal borders are to be 
reduced, then consideration 
must also be given to tighten- 
ing controls at common ex- 
ternal borders, so that we may 
be more confident that those 
inside the Community have a 
right to be there." 

Frontier controls were a 
crucial element in the mea- 
sures which EEC countries 
had to lake to curb the threats 
posed by terrorism, drug traf- 
ficking and organized crime. 

"Simply to relax frontier 
controls, without doing more 
elsewhere, would add to those 
threats.. That would not ac- 
cord with the interests of the 
Community as a whole, of any 
member slate, or of our people 
who would have to face the 
consequence of such 

He disclosed that intelli- 
gence about the activities of 
terrorist . groups was increas- 
ingly hard to come by. 

But he said ihat 'while 
Britain retained the presi- 
dency of the EEC be would 
concentrate on pressing “for 
the closest sharing of informa- 
tion, the pooling of analysis, 
skills, techniques and re- 
sources so that all the informa- 
tion about their activities 
which can be obtained is 
available to us”. 

The Queen’s Gurkha Engineers, who yesterday had the freedom of the city of Roc heste r conferred upon them, being 
inspected by the Mayor, Mr Richard Andrews, in the shadow of the castle. (Photograph: James Gray) 

Police officers ‘wrestled in bear hug’ on pitch 

A police constable de- 
scribed at Cardiff Crown 
Court yesterday how he grap- 

S led with another officer as 
sts flew during a needle 
rugby match. Police Constable 
Keith Jones, aged 40, said he 
and Richard Johnson rolled 
over and over in a bear-hug 

Johnson, aged 31, had won 
the ball in a line-out and was 
challenged by PC Jones in the 
game between Newport and 
Cardiff police. 

The prosecution alleges PC 
Jones, 6ft 2 in, twice punched 
his opponent and gouged his 
eye. Johnson, it is said, retali- 
ated and bit into his Newport 

opponent’s ear lobe, then 
ripped it off. 

Johnson told the court: “1 
was in discomfort caused by 
having my eye-ball pushed 
back into the socket with 
considerable force. I' was 
dazed after being punched 

The referee abandoned the 

game with five minutes to go. 
Johnson was taken back to the 
dressing room where team- 
mates saw his face was red and 
his eye was puffy. 

Johnson, of Hurford Street. 
Pontypridd. Mid Glamorgan, 
denies wounding with intent 
to cause grievous bodily 
harm. The case continues. 

urged to 
their role 

By a Staff Reporter 

Pharmacists were yesterday 
warned to treat with caution a 
proposal that would change 
the law and make it un- 
necessary for them to be 
present when medicines are 

Dr Hopkin Maddock, past 
president, told the annual 
conference of the Phar- 
maceutical Society of Great 
Britain that pharmacists 
should not destroy their 
unique relationship with 

He was reacting to recom- 
mendations in the recent re- 
port of the Nuffield Found- 
ation inquiry into pharmacy, 
which proposed to alter the 
Medicines Acl 

"If you don’t have a care 
you will be taking the first step 
down a slippery slope that will 
eventually sec the demise of 
our noble profession, whose 
principal function is the 
protection of the public” he 

Dr Maddock told an audi- 
ence of 1.000 pharmacists in 
Jersey that the public had a 
unique relationship with the 
pharmacist in that people 
knew that he or she was the 
only member of the health 
care team who could be found, 
in a particular place, at any 
time during ihe working day. 
"Don’t destroy this rel- 
ationship.” he pleaded. 

Hope for 
baby of 
dead wife 

Doctors keeping a clinically | 
dead woman alive so they can 
save her unborn baby said 
yesterday that the child had a 
good chance of survival. 

They hope to deliver the 
baby in four to six weeks by 
Caesarean section, even 
though the mother may be 

The married woman aged 
24, who is from Cleveland, 
suffered a severe brain 
haemorrhage at home and was 
admitted to Middlesbrough 
General Hospital. 

Doctors were unable to save 
her, but she is being kept 
breathing on a life support 

Dr John Drury, a senior 
administrator at the Middles- 
brough hospital, said: “She is 
pregnant and now on a life 
support machine. The foetus 
is 24 weeks old and as far as 
we can tell, in good shape. 

“A team of consultants, 
including an obstetrician and 
neuro-suigeon, and an inten- 
sive care consultant, are 
watching very closely to de- 
cide the best moment to 
deliver the foetus by Caesar- 
ean section. “After the foetus 
reaches 28-30 weeks it should 
have a good chance of sur- 
vival “The mother’s con- 
dition is stable. . It’s possible 
that she is brain dead but we 
have not yet done full tests as 
there is no intention of switch- 
ing off her life support 

S v M < . k *v l V. -ft a 

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Crisis for Unifil in southern Lebanon 

Shia villages abandoned after threats to French 

From Robert Fisk, Tibnin, sontben. Lebanon 

The embattled United Na- 
tions force in southern Leba- 
non has contracted its area of 
operations and permanently 
abandoned control of several 
bhia Muslim villages, as it 
attempts to avoid further at- 
tacks on soldiers of its French 

But many officers in the UN 
j\ tc n™ p orce. in Lebanon 
(Unifil) are said to favour a 
total French withdrawal from 
southern Lebanon, blaming 
the French themselves for 
much of the violence visited 
upon them. 

French troops were still 
maintaining their battalion 
headquarters at Marrakeh yes- 
terday as units from the 
Nepalese and Ghanaian batt- 
alions prepared to take over 
their compound. But the 
French post at the neighbour- 
ing village of Teir Dibba has 
not been handed over to any 
other contingent. 

Children were yesterday 
tearing away the barbed wire 
from the checkpoint that once 
marked the north-western cor- 
ner of the UN zone in 
Lebanon, while sandbagged 
positions to the south had 
been left unguarded, giving 
local militiamen fine right or 
access to the UN area. 

The sense of abandonment 
— the discarded sandbags, the 
metal chicanes thrown to one 
side of the road, the empty 
bunkers with their regimental 
badges still emblazoned on the 
side — is (tauntingly familiar. 

Similar scenes preceded the 
departure of the multinational 
force from Beirut in late 1983 
and early 1984. when their 
contingents also withdrew 
from vulnerable positions 
along their perimeter. 

Across the entire UN zone, 
there is a noticeable and 

sudden transfer of local loy- 
alty from the Shia Muslim 
Amal militia, which favours a 
UN presence, to the more 
extreme and pro-Iran Hez- 
bollah (Party of God) move- 
ment, whose members have 
been accused of the attacks on 

the French. 

Even here in Tibnin, where 
the Irish UN contingent has 
experienced few problems 
with local militiamen, Amal 
commanders are now pri- 
vately admitting to UN sol- 
diers that they are now 
Hezbollah members. 

On the walls of the little 
hilltop village, Hezbollah 
posters have appeared, the 
Arabic word Allah — with the 
second T surmounted by a 
drawing of a rifle — taking the 
place of Antal's fa miliar logo. 

At a medal parade Ax' 
soldiers of the UN Norwegian 
maintenance company at- 
tached to the Irish contingent 
at Tibnin yesterday, Major- 
General Gustav Hagglund, the 
Force commander, made sev- 
eral references to the crisis 
through which the inter- 
national force is now passing. 

He regarded Tuesday 
night's UN Security Council 
vote, calling for a total Israeli 
withdrawal and the comple- 
tion of UnifiPs mandate down 
to the IsraeU-Lebanese border, 
as an “encouraging sign” but 
regretted the UN's failure to 
fulfil its mandate until now 
“even after eight long years of 
work and sacrifice". 

Many UN officers say pri- 
vately that French troops have 
only themselves to blame for 
the recent attacks upon them. 

“The French brought much 
of this on themselves," one 
UN officer said. “They are 
arrogant, they dabble in Mid- 
dle East politics by selling 

An Israeli military convoy 

arms to Iraq, and then they go 
crying for help to the Security 
Council when they get hit The 
lesson is that no peacekeeping 
force in Lebanon should in- 
clude a contingent which is 
selling arms to one side in an 
Arab war or which has a 
colonial history in the area. 
And no paratroop units 
should be used. They are too 

The 1.050-sirong French 
contingent is drawn from a 
parachute regiment. 

This sentiment appears to 
be widely shared in UN units. 

— ■ ■■■*■ * —"-- I I VW Hh ■■ " * i. 

the southern Lebanon border zone yesterday, in contravention of the UN Security 
1 vote calling for Israel's total withdrawal from Lebanon. 

Individual contingents in 
the UN are. nevertheless, 
anxious to distance them- 
selves from the French, prom- 
inently displaying their coun- 
try's national colours on their 

The Irish contingent is still 
coming under regular gunfire 
at Beit Yahoun. where Leba- 
nese guerrillas, who have 
warned the Irish that the road 
they are using is mined, 
sometimes employ the nearest 
UN bunker as cover for their 
fire against the Israeli-paid 
“South Lebanon Army.” 

Near Abbasiyeh yesterday, a 
Nepalese soldier was slightly 
wounded in the face by a 10- 
year-old boy who — perhaps 
mistaking him for a member 
of the French contingent 
which had just left his position 
— shot him in the nose 
fn southern Lebanon as a 
whole — and despite reports of 
a brief Israeli raid through the 
UN's Norwegian battalion in 
the eastern sector — there 
appears to be little fear that 
the Israeli troops that massed 
along the frontier three days 
ago will enter Lebanon. 

Peres vows continued SLA support 









Unifil forces from Ghana, Nepal and Finland are replacing 
the French in 10 front-line positions in area 1 east of Tyre. 

From lan Murray 

Mr Shimon Feres yesterday 
said that be hoped the UN 
Security Council would soon 
come to terms with reality 
following its vote instructing 
Israel to end its support for the 
“Sooth Lebanon Army” mi- 
litia and to withdraw com- 
pletely from the area, allowing 
Unifil troops to deploy along 
the border. 

Speaking in Jerusalem, the 
Israeli Prime Minister said 
his country would leave south 

Lebanon immediately if fences 
capable of securing the border 
were in place. 

Unifil was not able to do 
that, he said, and so Israel 
would stay on supporting the 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Israeli Foreign Minister, who 
was in New York for the vote, 
said that the idea of allowing 
UN troops to take over ignored 
the population in the “security 
zone” in south Lebanon as 
well as the security of settle- 
ments in northern Israel. 

He said Israel would con- 
tinue to fulfil its obligations 
although it was not planning 
any new invasion of Lebanon. 

Israel had been resigned 
from the outset to the resut of 
the United Nations vote, and 
was determined to ignore it. 

It had always known that 
unless it supported (he SLA 
the militia would find it diffi- 
cult to stand up to 
else that was going on, 
Syrian, I ranian and who 
knows who else's backing”. 

New group 
claims two 

Beirut — Yet another un- 
known group. Revolutionary 
Justice, stepped into the 
gloomy world of Lebanese 
kidnap claims yesterday with 
photographs of Mr Joseph 
Cicippio. the American fi- 
nance officer at the American 
University abducted 13 days 
ago. and of a man they claim is 
a French citizen who dis- 
appeared in East Beirut early 
this year (Robert Fisk writes). 

The organization claimed 
both men were spies and that 
they face trial 

Mr Cicippio's Lebanese 
wife said the photograph was 
of her husband. 

The kidnappers said the 
Frenchman is M Marcel 
Coudiy. No such name exists 
in the files of the Lebanese 
Interior Ministry, which is- 
sues residence permits, but the 
French Foreign Ministry in 
Paris said a French citizen 
named Maned Khodari dis- 
appeared last February. 

stop arms 

From John England 

Police in Hamburg have 
uncovered two big rings of 
brokers engaged m illegal 
arms dealings which were 
arranging shipments of weap- 
ons to Iraq and Iran worth 
nearly £950 million, it was 
disclosed yesterday. 

The rings, which were un- 
connected, had arranged deals 
for the delivery of aircraft, 
tanks, weapons and equip- 
ment, including American Co- 
bra combat helicopters, 
M 113 and M 48 tanks, en- 
gines for Soviet MiG 23 
fighter bombers, artillery gun 
barrels and huge quantities of 
anti-tank bazookas, sub-ma- 
chine guns and ammunition of 
various calibres, a police 
spokesman said. 

The deals bad not taken 
place, however, because of 
police intervention and the 
failure of one group to obtain 
end-user certificates required 
for sales of war weapons. 

Police had seized many 
documents in searches of the 
homes and offices of five 
suspects, mostly businessmen. 
The searches followed a tip-off 
that Cobra helicopters, worth 
about £100 million, were to be 
shipped from the makers via a 
Hamburg group to an un- 
known buyer in the Gulf war 

The businessmen, all be- 
longing to the first ring, had 
allegedly arranged arms deals 
with a sales volume of about 
DM900 million (£300 mil- 
lion) using their legal commer- 
cial channels. 

Police began investigating 
the second ring in ApriL, and 
six out of nine suspects had 
been detained, the spokesman 
said. All face possible charges 
under West Germany's war 
weapons control law, which 
bans arms exports to “tension 
areas” without government 

The second ring had plan- 
ned a DM 1,600 million ship- 
ment of Cobra helicopters, 
M 48 tanks. Sidewinder mis- 
siles, howitzers, flame-throw- 
ers and tank engines from 
Bri tain, Belgium and Italy to 
Iran via Switzerland, but was 
hindered by a lack of end-user 

The suspects are still being 
questioned by the Hamburg 
public prosecutor's office. 

swim canal 
to West 

From John Engl a n d 

Three East Germans es- 
caped to West Berlin early 
yesterday by swimming the 
Tcltow canal in the south of 
the city, after making their 
way unharmed through bar- 
riers on the eastern bank. 

Police said East German 
border guards had fired no 
shots at the men - two aged 
about 20. the other aged 40 - 
who were from the Potsdam 

The ibrec were taken to 
hospital suffering from expo- 
sure, but were later handed 
over to the US military 
authorities, in whose sector 
they had landed. 

A total of 10 East Germans 
have now escaped to the West 
by swimming waterways at 
nighi in the last five weeks. 

In Bonn, however, the West 
German Government yes- 
terday was still awaiting a full 
report from the Czechoslovak 
Government on the killing by 
Czechoslovak border guards 
last Thursday ofa retired West 
German army officer, Herr 
Johann Dick, on West Ger- 
man soil. 

• Envov summoned: West 
Germany protested to 
Czechoslovakia for the second 
time in five days yesterday 
over the shooting o[ Hen- 
Dick. the Foreign Ministry 
mi id (Reuter reports). Dr 
Dusan Sparil. the Czecho- 
slovak Ambassador, was sum- 
moned and told Bonn wanted 
prompt clarification or the 
circumstances of the killing. 

French anti-drug campaign 

Addicts face enforced cure 

From Duma Geddes 


France is to spend an addi- 
tional £25 million in an all-out 
campaign against drugs which 
will force drug addicts to 
undergo a cure or face impris- 

Drug traffickers willing to 
turn police informer will have 
their sentences reduced and 
the French Government will 
double its drug prevention 

, The Justice Minister, M 
Albert Chalandon. said the 
changes constituted a com- 
plete alteration of government 
philosophy on drug users, who 
would now be considered 
criminals, not sick people. 

Officials put the number of 
drug addicts in France ax 
120,000, with a further 
800,000 occasional users. 
More than a quarter are aged 
under 20. 

Nearly 30,000 drug-related 
arrests were made last year. 25 
per cent more than in the pre- 
vious year. M Chalandon said 
drug addiction was directly 
related to the rise in crime and 
the spread of Aids. 

The maximum penalty for 
drug users is to be increased 
from one to two years and 
they will be obliged to undergo 
a cure. If they do not undergo 
a cure they will be imprisoned 
and forced to do so there. At 
present an addict who is not a 
drug trafficker is not usually 

The prosecution will no 
longer have to prove personal 
use of drugs by the suspected 
addict. Possession of drugs 
will constitute personal use. 

At present there are 600 
hospital beds for treatment of 
addicts, with a further 4.000 
places on offer in private drug 
detoxification centres. The 
Government will create a 

further 4.600 places during the 
next few monihs, where ad- 
dicts may go voluntarily for 

France has no private pris- 
ons at present, though the 
Government is considering 
the creation of private prisons 
for ordinary criminals to help 
take the pressure off the 
country's overcrowded public 

Drug traffickers will no 
longer be able to serve several 
sentences concurrently and 
the period during which a 
trafficker may be prosecuted 
after committing a drug-re- 
lated crime is to be extended 
from three to 10 years. 

!f convicted in his absence a 
trafficker may be liable to 
serve the sentence for up to 20 
years instead of the present 10 

Pan of the new campaign 
will be aimed specifically at 

Three Iranians 
charged after 
explosives find 

Paris — Three Iranians were 
charged yesterday with po- 
ssessing explosives after the 
discovery on Monday of 33 lb 
of explosives near Chalons- 
sur-Mame (Diana Geddes 

They are named as Seyyed 
Kalibi, aged 50; Azita Mon- 
achipour, aged 29: and Joseph 
Monapchipour, 35. 

Five French people were 
also arrested as alleged friends 
of Frederic Oriacb, a leader of 
the group Action Dinette. 

Malta lets Italian go 

From Austin Sanunnt, Valletta 

The president of the Euro- 
pean Young Christian Demo- 
crats, Signor Andrea de 
Guttiy, charged with infring- 
ing the Foreign Interference 
Act. has finally been allowed 
to leave Malta, after police 
held up bis departure in 
defiance of a court order. 

Signor de Guttiy. an Italian, 
was arrested after addressing 
an opposition Nationalist 
Party rally here on Sunday. 
No foreigner can take part m 
political activities in Malta 
without the permission of the 

Foreign Minister, but the 
Nationalist Party does not 
recognize the Acl 
On Tuesday a magistrates' 
court released him on bail and 
ruled be could fly home. 

The case was referred to the 
Constitutional Court which 
annulled the relevant section 
of the Act earlier this year. 

.As Signor de Guttiy was 
about to board a flight to 
Rome on Tuesday, police took 
bim back to court But the 
court confirmed its order, and 
he left Malta yesterday. 


From Pearce Wright 

rhe Soviet Union plans » 
tart the nuclear power Sto- 
tt at Chernobyl by the 
ddlc of November. Safety 
Is are oearl)’ complete on 
i of the remaining nodear 

Entombment of the Number 
unit which exploded on 
ril 26, should be finished 
j week. The third reactor, 
•rated from 

I centre as the one that 
ilodcd. is still shut down. 
X'tails of the ***** 

lari operations, if winter 
ter cuts in Ukraine are to 

aioided. «re * '* 

da! session of the Inter- 
ional Atomic Energy Affen- 
b* Mr Boris Schertma, 
ic'l Deputy Prime Muns- 

fhev were Riven to a meet- 
of government ministers 
n 75 countries who are *J' 
ding the special meeting 
led to agree to two mtona- 

uil conventions:, one tor a 

tern of early notification of 

endear accidents and die 
other for emergency help. 

The description of the re- 
opening he gave confirms the 
assessment of the accident 
published this week by sci- 
entists from the Lawrence 
Livermore National Labor- 
atory in California, one of the 
three main US nndear re- 
search centres. 

They concluded that the 
Chernobyl explosion released 
more long-term radiation than 
all the bombs, weapons tests 
and l eaks from civil installa- 
tions so far. 

They also predicted th at, if 
reactor traits 1 and 2 woe 
restarted, (be R us si ans would 
have to change the staff peri- 
odically, because of the radi- 
ation in ffie evacuation zone iff 

50 kilometres (1816 miles) 
around the plant. 

Mr Scherbins said yes- 
terday that a special team of 

care, but there were no other 
cases of acute radiation sick- 

They live in Kiev and would 
travel to the plant for shifts. 

He said 11 people were still 
in h^pital under intensive 

Reporting on the resettle- 
ment of those evacuated from 
the 30-kilometre zone, be said 
71 new villages and 8,000 
homes had been bnOt in the 

In addition to restarting the 
Chernobyl power station, he 
g«tri the Soviet Union intends 
to stick to its target of doubling 
nuclear power in 10 years. 

He asserted that “mankin d 
has moved too far into the 
nndear age to go bade. With 
no absolute guarantee of 
safety, international co-opera- 
tion is essential in devising a 
programme fen- safety". 

He said the Soviet Union 
was ready to sign the proposed 
conventions on early notifi- 
cation of accidents 
He said nrifitarism had cre- 
ated a critical situation that 
was difficult to control with 
each new twist in the arms 
race. „ 

Endorsing the measures For 
nuclear safety for Britain, Mr 

Peter Walker, the Secretary of 
State for Energy, reflected the 
views of other nndear coun- 
tries who braid and export nu- 
clear power systems. 

He said a third of the 
Earopean Community's elec- 
tricity was generated by 
nod ear power. The Soviet 
Union, the United States and 
other countries depended npon 
nndear power as a major 
contributor to energy supplies. 
Gist aside that option and the 
pressures upon other energy 
sources would be such as to 
cause considerable economic 

He said the question was 
whether the world could use 
the benefits of unclear power 
with confidence as to its safety. 

The Chernobyl accident 
illustrated that any major 
accident would be inter- 
national hi its impact 

He said prospects for 
achieving international agree- 
ments were enhanced by the 
maimer in which the Soviet 
Union provided the fads about 
the disaster. 




From Ray Remedy 

The home of the director of 
housing for Soweto, the Mack 
gheuo outside Johannesburg, 
was extensively damaged yes- 
terday by a fimpet mine. 

Mrs Del Kavan was unhurt, 
but the attack in a well-to-do 
white suburb of Johannesburg 
was immediately linked to her 
tough attitude towards rent 
defaulters in the lownsbip. 

She has been blamed in 
some black circles for the 
deaths of at least 24 people in 
Soweto's White City district 
last month, when security 
forces opened fire on residents 
resisting eviction. 

Shortly after the shootings 
Mrs Kevan resigned her 
membership of the white 
liberal opposition Progressive 
Federal Party. 

The attack was the first in a 
white suburb in two years of 
black revolt 

• WASHINGTON: George- 
town University in Wash- 
ington, a leading Jesuit 
university, has announced 
(hat it is to sell all its holdings 
in companies doing business 
in South Africa (Michael 
Binyon writes). 

Its board said the action 
would involve about a sixth of 
its investments, with a total 
market value of $28.6 million 
(£19.5 million!. 

The decision is part of a 
move by universities, in re- 
sponse to strong student pres- 
sure, to use their financial 
leverage to try to force an end 
to apartheid. 

Black miners pay last 
tribute to their dead 

From Michael Hornsby, Embafenhle, Transvaal 

About 5,000 black miners 
gathered in a dusty football 
stadium here yesterday to pay 
tribute to 177 comrades who 
died in the Kinross gold mine 
fire last week, and to vent their 
anger against the mining com- 
panies they hold responsible. 

A large weft-armed police 
contingent, supported by a 
score or more of armoured 
vehicles, kept a watch on the 
proceedings from outside the 
stadium but did not intervene, 
though the meeting was cer- 
tainly illegal under the state of 

The gathering was ad- 
dressed by Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, wife of the jailed 
African National Congress 
leader, Mr Nelson Mandela. It 
was her most outspoken pub- 
lic appearance since the emer- 
gency was declared on June 
12 . 

Dressed in the green, gold 
and black colours of the 

outlawed ANC Mrs Mandela 
told the miners: “You are the 
ones who dig the wealth of this 
land. You hold the golden key 
for our liberation. The mo- 
ment you stop digging their 
gold, the moment you stop 
digging diamonds for them, is 
the moment you will be free ” 

The memorial meeting was 
organized by the National 
Union of Mineworkeis. whose 
General Secretary. Mr Cyril 
Ramaphosa, contrasted it 
with a service at Kinross last 
Monday organized, as he put 
it. “by the bloodsuckers who 
murdered our comrades". 

Mr Ramaphosa, whose 
union claims as members 
about a third of the more than 
600.000 blacks employed in 
the mining industry, said the 
NUM was catling on blacks at 
mines throughout the country 
to stay away from work on 
October 1 in memory of their 
dead colleagues. 

Move on 
in Shin 
Bet case 

Jerusalem — The Israel Bar 
Association is trying to force 
disciplinary proceedings ag- 
ainst wo unnamed lawyers 
who have admitted falsify ing 
evidence and suborning wit- 
nesses for the Shin Bel 
counter-intelligence agency 
(lan Murray writes). 

The two have already been 
pardoned for their criminal 
actions, which they confessed 
in writing to President Her- 
zog* when they explained how 
they had masterminded the 
cover-up before official in- 
quiries into the death of two 
Palestinians in Shin Bet 

The Bar Association has 
failed in its petitions to the 
High Court to have those 
pardons declared illegal. 

Four killed 

Colombo — Four members 
of the security forces acting as 
a railway clearing patrol were 
killed near Sri Lanka's eastern 
province port (own of Trin- 
comalee when they were shot 
at by Tamil guerrillas. 

Oil destroyed 

Madrid. (Reuter) - Four 
million litres of lethalh adul- 
terated cooking oil. suspected 
of causing the deaths of more 
than 360 people and injuring a 
further 20.000 in Spain's wow 
food poisoning outbreak in 
1481. will be sent to Denmark 
and destroyed. 

TV acquittal 

Sydney (Reuterl - An 
Australian court acquitted a 
woman convicted of murder- 
ing her husband after nine 
witnesses said that TV cover- 
age of a cricket match showed 
him among the spectators. 1 

MP fined - 

Dusseldorf (Reuter) — .A 
West German court dismissed 
the case against Herr Waller 
Kolbow. an opposition Mem- 
ber of Parliament being tried 
on a charge of having betrayed 
defence secrets, but fined him 

Heroin haul 

Madrid (Reuter) - Madrid 
airport police arrested a Bah- 
raini with heroin worth £1.6 
million hidden in a suitcase 
when he arrived from 

Seoul protest 

Seoul (AP) — Police fired 
tear gas to disperse 400 stone- 
throwing students protesting 
against the government and 
the Asian Games. 

Air sickness 

Copenhagen (Reuter) — 
Flights were cancelled at 
Copenhagen airport after 29 
out of 30 assistant flight 
controllers in a pay dispute 
reported sick. 

Quake rescue 

Athens — Engineers inspect- 
ing houses that survived 
earthquakes in the Kalamaia 
area rescued Mrs Angheliki 
Tenente. aged 70. from a 
damaged shack where she had 
been for ten days. 

Leader sacked 

Madrid — The Popular Alli- 
ance. Spain's chief Opposition 
party, has dismissed Senor 
Carlos Ruiz Soto, its Madrid 
regional leader for five years, 
at the behest of Scrior Manuel 
Fraga, the national party 

Admiral fuels 
protest over 
fleet’s visit 

Sydney - An Australian 
Admiral dismayed the Gov- 
ernment yesterday by saying 
that a fleet including British 
and United States ships will 
“inevitably" be carrying nuc- 
lear weapons when it sails into 
Sydney Harbour on Sunday 
(Stephen Taylor writes). 

The statement was immedi- 
ately seized upon by anti- 
nuclear groups as evidence of 
danger when 40 warships 
gather here to celebrate the 
75lh anniversary of the Royal 
Australian Navy. A big 
demonstration is planned for 
the fleet's arrivaL 
Rear-Admiral David Mar- 
tin, who is in charge of the 
celebrations, said that “in- 
evitably, some of these ships 
will be carrying nuclear 

He later described his state- 
ment as “a gaffe" and said he 
had meant to say it was not 
inevitable that they would be 
carrying the weapons. 


...and the sensory interpretation 
of brain signals 

Fibre optic sensors may soon be used to control 
a robotic suit of armour for combat troops. 

Another link you may have missed between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic. 

Read New Scientist. Make the connection. 

Who said purely academic? 


Today and every Thursday 


j Please send me more information about 
I life as an Army Officer I 

Full name 

j Home address i 

I Date of birt h _ | 

j Place of studyL. I 

'V ■<? V 


. I have or expect to obtain Q O-levels Q A-leve2s Q de g r ee j 
I or equivalents as applicable. Send to Major John Floyd, 1 
. . j Dept, A011, Army Officer Entry, E mp re s s State Building:, • 

. I London SW61TR. . . | 

3. You’re not signing your life j j 

away by posting this coupon, i ■■ 1 

you are merely saying that - sjjjlffl * C 1 

you have (however slight) * mmmjr 1 

an interest in the Army. I — X__ f. 

No obligation. 

^2: We will then send you y* ^ 
an information pack which j* 

No obligation; 

of a young Army Officer: 
Y<yax : only ? obligation is., to 
/read it! 



{* -■ 

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3. The next step is to have 
a full, frank and friendly 
discussion with a Liaison 
Officer At this stage you 
can say “thank you very 
much Fm not interested. 0 

So can we. 







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No obligation. 

4:,A visit to a regiment comes 
next- You meet other young’ .: 
officers and' ask them . { 
confidentially what the life ; y- 
is ld^YouTlpiobablyalso.’ '.1*. 
have a' talk with a. senior \ [ ‘ r 
officer . c 


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IF this goes w?JI, ypu : may ; ' 
J spehd*a few days with'tbe’ J 
‘regiment ^ T^u^ajk^iTfiard 
look at them. We take a 
similar view of you. If things 
_work out you have the 
- option to take the next step. 


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Officer selection board 
where, make no mistake, 
your motives and your 
ability will be severely 
tested. But even if you 
pass you can still say no. 


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7 . AfreiLseven months at 
Sandhurst you receive the 

Queen’s Commission, . 
a ^lary of be.twe.en £ 8,037 
and £lO J 428 aiHi you promise 
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. Reagan arms control proposals 

Kremlin issues bitter 
condemnation of US 
‘error and prejudice’ 



- : •' . '*? i; 'fj- 

t&i ■ 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

*3*" official claimed bad been -blown out 

^ of an proportion" in the US. P 
knmSL Rea ^ n s He dismissed the suggestion y 

isnsuilr****'* Mr Walt RogerTofABC S 
Nations, which he television, that recent remarks a 

dismissed as stereotyped pro- 
paganda Filled with “error and 
prejudice” about the Soviet 
Union and its policies on arms 

Addressing a press con- 
ference called to discuss the 
speech, Mr Yuli Voronstov 
the First Deputy Foreign Min- 
ister, also accused President 
Reagan of deliberately breach- 
ing the confidentiality of re- 
cent private correspondence 
with Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
and of presenting delegates 

by Mr Gorbachov had prej- 
udiced the chance of Mr 
DanilofT receiving a' fair trial 
in the Soviet Union. 

“If the. case is brought 1 to 
court, the trial will be fair and 
all circumstances of the Dani- 
loff case will be thoroughly 
examined," the official said in 
remarks which reflected 
Kremlin irritation at the 
prominence the affair has 
been attracting in the WesL 

“We do not believe . these 
issues cannot be resolved," he 

. , J. . Uiuuui UW iovivui, uc 

With a distorted account of said. “But we are against 

Soviet proposals. 

The bitterness of the attack, 
which carried all the hall- 
marks of having been carefully 
drafted in advance of the con- 
ference, contrasted with the 
more optimistic noises about 
possible arms control agree- 
ments which emerged after 
talks between Soviet and 
American foreign ministers in 
Washington last week. 

Mr Vorontsov faced hostile 
questioning on the Nicholas 
DanilofT affair, which he 

bringing these issues to the 
from pages of newspapers and 
attaching undue attention to 

Mr Vorontsov told more 
than 400 newsmen at the Fo- 
reign Ministry press centre 
that President Reagan had 
known in advance. From the 
private letter rent to him by 
Mr Gorbachov, that the main 
US arms control proposals 
which he outlined to the UN 
would be .rejected by the So- 
viet side. 

He cited particularly the 
President's call for a seven- 
year ban on deployment of the 
Strategic Defence Initiative, in 
contrast to the Kremlin's de- 
mand for a 1 5 to 2Q-year com- 
mitment by both sides to the 
1972 anti-baiiislic missile 
treaty, with all Star Wars work 
limited to the laboratory. 

“Mr Reagan's speech and 
analysis of the American po- 
sition again turned in one's 
mind the idea that has aleady i 
been conveyed to him by ibe 
Soviet side,” Mr Vorontsov 
said. “Is the American leader- 
ship really willing to look for 
agreements that will lead to 
the termination of the arms 

“We informed the President 
on several occasions of our 
conviction that the issue of 
ending nuclear tests can be re- 
solved," Mr Vorontsov said. 
“Verification has long since 
stopped being an obstacle. 

This question should be re- 
solved drastically, by way of 
banning all nuclear explo- 
sions. Regulating their yield 
and number means the conti- 
nuation of testing.” 




' '< r 

* * » 

I; A 

SeOor Edmundo Jarqmn and Miss Claudia Qtammro Bsurrios. Nicaragua’s ambassadors to 
Mexico and Costa Rica respectively, after they were married in Mexico City on Tuesday. 

Airlift to southern Sudan delayed 

United front against ‘scourge* 

Britain and Russia 
in anti-terror pact 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 

The British and Soviet gov- participation In formal dfs~ 
ernments have agreed to era- cnssfons on an issue that had 
bark on an historic dialogue on dominated the attention of the 
ways to combat terrorism. West was an indication of 
addhig to the steadily warming Moscow's growing feeling of 
trend . in Anglo-Soviet reh- vulnerability to terrorist 
does which reached their low- strikes after four of its dip- 
est ebb. after the tit-for-taf lomats were kidnapped ii 
expulsions last year. Beirut last year. 

The derision to hold an In his speech before the UN 
unprecedented and continring General Assembly on Toes- 
series of meetings on terrorism day, Mr Shevardnadze said 
came from talks on Tuesday that te rrorism was a “scourge 
between Sr Geoffrey Howe, of mankind”, 
the Forefelt Secretary, and his Dating his meeting with the 
Soviet counterpart, Mr Soviet Forefen Minister, Sir 
Edward Shevardnadze. British Geoffrey made dear Hui Brit- 
sources said the details of the ain felt it was up to the 
meetings on terrorism, incJud- Russians to break the impasse 
mg their timings and level of over the fate of Mr Nicholas 
representation, kid yet to be Daniloff, the American 
worked oat. hot they were journalist arrested in Moscow 
envisaged for the near future, on charges Of espionage. 

Although the idea had been The atmosphere of their 
mooted during Mr Shevard- hour-long meting, which was 
aadze's official visit to Loudon described as “direct and 
in July, it was not given shape frieEily” sharply contrasted 
until Tuesday, when the two vrith the session last year 
ministers decided to give it which was marred as it came 
their formal stamp of approval in the wake of two rounds of 
while Washington and Mos~ the tit-for-tat expulsions — a 
cow continued to square off total of 62 — which began with 
over tike Daniloff affair. the defection in Loudon of a 

Sources said that Soviet high ranking KGB officer. 

Nairobi — A food airlift to 
parts of southern Sudan, 
where an 1 estimated two mil- 
lion people are suffering from 
famine, has been delayed. 
(Charles Harrison writes). A 
freight plane being flown to 
Khartoum has not yet arrived, 
and officials say it will take 
several days to get the opera- 
tion started 

Plans are to fly food sup- 

plies to MalakaJ, where a 
civilian airliner was destroyed 
by a missile fired by the rebel 
Sudan People's Liberation 
Army last month. 

Brigadier Baledino, the 
military governor in Wau. has 
appealed for supplies. He says 
30.000 people have fled, look- 
ing for food in the surround- 
ing countryside, but there are 

still 1 30,000 people there with 
little food available. 

.Aid agencies are planning to 
send Food supplies by road lo 
Juba, farther south. 

• ROME: The Pope has ap- 
pealed to the international 
community to offer emer- 
gency aid to those people 
facing starvation in southern 

13 die in 
night raid 
on Togo 

Lome (Reuter) - About 50 
dissidents, who attacked the 
barracks home of General 
Gnassingbe Eyadema. the 
President ofTogo. on Tuesday 
night, were driven off by 
security forces, military 
sources said yesterday. 

Six civilians ana seven 
attackers died in the ensuing 

Military sources said that 
the group infiltrated from 
Ghana and surrounded the 
barracks in an attempt to kill 
or capture the general, aged 
50. who has ruled the West 
African country for 19 years. 

General Eyadema yesterday 
showed foreign diplomats 19 
captured attackers and an 
assortment of Soviet-made 
weapons, including rocket 
launchers, bazookas and auto- 
matic rifles. 

Other targets of the all-night 
attack were the headquarters 
of the ruling Rally of the 
Togolese People (RPT) and 
the national radio. 

It appeared to have been the 
most serious challenge yet to 
General Eyadema's iron rule. 
Gunfire was heard until mid- 
morning as security forces 
tracked down remnants of the 
invading force. 

Markets and shops stayed 
shut and troops set up road 
blocks and searched vehicles. 
The Ghanaian border, a short 
distance from Lome, was 
dosed until further notice. | 

Death of 
in Kenya 
CID office 

From Charles Harrison 

Ad American missionary,, 
collapsed and died in the CID 
headquarters here yesterday 
after being arrested over 
allegations that the Associated 
Christian Churches of East 
.Africa, an .American- backed 
missionary organization, had 
imported radio equipment and 
guns without permission from 
the Kenyan authorities. 

Mr Lyle Marvin Hudson 
and another American, Mr 
Richard Hamilton, were ar- 
rested at Kitale, in western 
Kenya, last Friday and were 
held in a suburban police 
station in Nairobi over the 
weekend. They were released 
after undertaking to report 
daily to the CID. 

A Kenyan official said Mr 
Hudson died in the CID wait- 
ing room, apparently from a 
heart condition. President Moi 
attacked the church on Tues- 
day for trying to import radios 
and arms. 

The Associated Christian 
Churches of East Africa has 
been operating in sparsely 
populated areas of north-west 
Kenya where there are no tele- 

The incident is likely to 
cause severe embarrassment 
to the Kenyan authorities, who 
have in the past been accused 
of torturing people under in- 
vestigation for crimes. 

Tough tactics to halt 
attacks at airports 

From John Best, Ottawa 

Israel and Canada have put 
forward blueprints for com- 
batting terrorism at airports 
around the world in response 
to tire recent wave of hijack- 
ings, bombings and other 
terrorist outrages. 

Israel's package of mea- 
sures, unveiled at the opening 
session of the International 
Civil Aviation Organization’s 
(ICAO) 26th general assembly 
in Montreal, is especially 
tough and wide-ranging. 

Among other things, it calls 
for a 20-year minimum prison 
term for any terrorist act even 
where there is no loss of lire. 
Where a life is taken, a 
mandatory life sentence is to 
be imposed. 

“Sometimes offenders are 
not punished at all," a spokes- 
man for the Israeli delegation, 
Mr Jitzchak Alster, told 

The Israeli 15 -point pro- 
gramme would give states 
“universal jurisdiction to 
prosecute any terrorist they 
catch, even if the crime in 
question was committed out- 
side their territories. 

It also includes a provision 
making it mandatory for 
slates to extradite suspected 
terrorists, whether or not an 

extradition treaty exists. 

Other Proposals.'" ’***£ 

ing a search for doable bot- 
toms in suitcases”. 

The Israelis want existing 
international conventions am- 
ended to add terrorist attacks 
on airports, airline offices, 
passenger terminals and other 
aviation facilities to the list of 
international crimes. 

The Canadian proposal 
would make it an inter- 
national crime to commit an 
act of violence at an inter- 
national airoort that interferes 
with the safety of air travel 
More particularly the pro- 
posal would make ita crime to 
place bombs or other explo- 
sives in airports; d a m a g e or 
destroy security facilities; or 
penetrate airports* security ar- 
eas with the intention of 
endangering civil aviation. 
“As recent incidents have 

S 'mly demonstrated, airports 
ve become the newest focus 
of terrorist activity." the Ca- 
nadian Minister of Transport, 
Mr John Crosbie, told del- 

international conventions 
already in existence cover 
security threats against air- 
craft in flight, but they do not 
cover adequately terrorist 
activities at airports. 

The Canadian plan is sup- 
ported by Austria. The 
Netherlands. Australia, Bel- 
gium and other countries. 
Israel's still needs co-sponsors. 

Whichever resolution is 
adopted by the assembly will 
gp to the 33-member council 
of the ICAO for approval. 

An entirely new view 

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US shows supremacy 

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The supremacy of US P^V“ 

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at the same time playing a 
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In the women's series, SO 
pairs are competing for 24 
places, while in the repdehage 
40 pairs are competing for the 
final four places. 

Mechanical problems in the 
scoring of the women’s event 
delayed the scoring of the first 
quarter until play had ended 
in the second quarter. 

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Salvador Army claims 
propaganda victory as 
guerrillas start to defect 

*$ "... . 
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Fran Philip Jacobson, San Salvador 

Gaunt and bane-weary after 
five years of front-line duty 
with the Salvadorean guerril- 
las, the two young men slung 
their M 16 rifles on their 
backs and walked out of the 
bush to surrender. 

Hereon and Rolando told 
security authorities in the 
garrison town of San Vicente, 
east of the capital, that the 
“inhuman conditions" they 
bad endured for so long had 
finally become too much. 

Worn down by the constant 
shortage of food, medical 
supplies and clothing, they 
bad finally concluded that it 
was a hopeless struggle. 

According to the two defec- 
tors, only the constant vigi- 
lance of their commanders in 
the FAL, the armed wing of 
the Communist Party, pre- 
vented many more of their 
former comrades giving up. 

There was a widespread 
feeling among the rank and 
file, they said, that the struggle 
against government forces was 
causing too much civilian 
bloodshed and hardship. 

Hereon and Rolando had 
participated in numerous at- 
tacks on buses and trucks in 
the region round San Vicente, 
as well as the extensive sabo- 
tage of power and phone lines. 

Like the other main guer- 
rilla factions in El Salvador, 
FAL has been switching its 

operations from confronting 
the Government's increas- 
ingly powerful armed forces to 
“destabilization" of the totter- 
ing economy. 

Measured in terms of the 
cost of damage to the country, 
it is proving a highly effective 
campaign. But such opera- 
tions have lost the guerrillas 
significant support among or- 
dinary peasants, especially the 
rural campesinos on whom the 
burden of the seemingly end- 
less conflict falls most heavily. 

The Government and . its 
military commanders have 
been quick to exploit this 
widespread war-weariness 
through a variety of “hearts 
and minds" programmes. A 
national reconstruction plan 
to repair the many ruined 
roads and blown-up bridges is 
under way, together with at- 
tempts to resettle thousands of 
refugees from the worst com- 
bat zones. 

Not long ago, the Salvador- 
ean Chief of Staff; General 
Adolfo Bland 6n, made a sur- 
prise appearance in the town 
of Ferquin, in the middle of a 
region that was formerly 
under guerrilla control. He 
was there to assure residents 
they had nothing to fear and 
much to gain from the return 
of the Army. 

Memories of military atroc- 
ities are still fresh in these 

pans, but the residents sub- 
mitted lumpily enough to free 
haircuts mom General Han- 
din’s troops and an impromp- 
tu performance by a group of 
clowns accompanying the 

More appreciated, perhaps, 
were supplies of urgently 
needed medicine and a prom- 
ise that Perquin's electricity 
and telephone services would 
be restored. 

Besides these attempts to 
win over civilian opinion, the 
Army is eager to exploit the 
doubts aniT hardships that 
drove Hereon and Rolando to 
hang up their guns. 

Patrols in what was once 
guerrilla heartland are now 
often accompanied by a “psy- 
ops" — psychological warfare 
teams —handing out sweets to 
the kids and bombarding the 
su mounding countryside with 
leaflets describing the rewards 
for every guemlla weapon 
handed in. Ear-splitting tapes 
of music and political persua- 
sion are also broadcast over 

The Government claims, as 
it would, that this campaign is 
paying dividends. Senior mili- 
tary sources say the overall 
number of guerrillas in the 
field has been halved to 
between 5.000 and 6,000 in 
the past few years. 

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Memhecs of the Japanese ^National Railway Pmoa protestin g agafost priva tiz a tion near railway b—dqnartere in Tokyo. 

US minorities accuse Nakasone of racial slur 

From David Watts sone haplkd tfaai these minor- 

Mr Yasahiro Nakasone, the “With the increased empha- 
Japaaese - Prime Minister, is on Heh academic adueve- 
uader . heavy fire from mimic • tKsts,hi)iii is her i raring a 
mhxujties in the United States - rtmnt fT a My; m>>n^gnn> soa- 
for what they see as racial ety; far mare so ih * n the 

yesterday that he had meant and the Americans had shown 
that die US had made' great “oral muJerstaadiag". 

sltnrs made at * seminar of his 
Liberal Democratic Party, * 
The congressioBal Hack 
Hispanic canenses have 
written to tike Japanese Em- 
hsrj la Washington se e kmg 

rii rififfllifln flf cuhi i imti OO 

Monday in which MrNafcn- 

United States and other coun- 
tries on avenge," he told the 
seminar. “A large somber of 
blacks, Mexicans ud Puerto 
Ricans five . m the United 
States, (hi avenge die brnl is 
stiD extremely hm." 

- Mr Nakasone *«phhwi 

achievements m the Aprils 
programme and tike Strategic 
Defence Imtfalive, hit became 
of its nwdthacial mrte-ap 
there were areas beyond Its 
reach* sack as education. ; 

He had had no mteutien ot 
yla»d friwg OT «H y r f m Imi r i p g 

The Chief CaUaet Sec- 
retary, Mr Masahara Goteda, 
said the Prime Minister's real 
intention had been conveyed to 
the US throngh its enwassy. 

The comments are Ekely to 
tarnish Mr Nakasone^ image 
in the US, bri hi Japan it Is 
not the first thae he has made 
what is adrimdhgfr known 
here as a “slip af the toag*e". 

Some years ago, as he 
walked throngh a hospital for 
Hiroshhaa bomb victims, he 
commented that Japan was 
fortunate to he composed of 
one racial gnmp, apparently 
nnaware tint the ward was frill 
of ethnic Koreans. 

Tokyo - Services on six . . 
railway lines into Tokyo were 
halted yesterday after a co-,._ 
onlinaied.attack on oonMnnni- : ■ 
cations and signalling systtsps. .y 
delaying more than a mtiUcm 
commuters (Our Corresppnr 
dent writes). - T. 

Thirteen Japanese. National . 
Railway (JNR) Iraes were , 
damaged in 21 places, disniffa 
ing traffic from early morning 
until late afternoon. The sys*; 
terns' were eitiier burnt or the, •. 
caJHes'ajL . 

Primary suspects are radical 

groups involved' m the cam- . 
pajg n against the brcak-t^ 
into regional companies arm 
privatization of JNR. A sian- • 
far attack last November 
inconvenienced' six million-. 

commuters and ended ifl. ^ 
destruction of a station set on - - 
fire by militants. 

A JNR worker was killed at ^ 
the beginning of this month •* 
when radicals armed wttn * 
metal pipes raided JNR flats ; 
and attacked pro-pri vatiza- - 
lion unionists in their beds. 

Yesterday's attacks coin-"’ 
tided with a meeting -oTx 
Kokuro, the rafiwaymen's na — 
tional union, which is consid- 
ering an accommodation with r; 
the Government which would : 
indude a no-strike agreement fc - 
and meet govwnnumt de- 
mands on retrenchment of the 
thousands of men privatiza- 
tion will make redundant 


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10 in boat hijack 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

hMMtfm -j * '-'r.r A ^ • 

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' Heavily armed pirates 
robbed and lolled 10 pas- 
sengers on a small motor 
launch they hijacked in the 
southern Philippines island 
chain of Tawi Tawi, military 
officials said yesterday. 

in the Monday morning 
attack right men were shot 
dead and two schoolgirls — 
one aged 14 and the other 18— - 
were kidnapped. The gills' 
’bodies were later washed 

Less than 10 miles north of 
Manila, a suspected com- 
munist liquidation squad yes- 
terday ambushed and killed 
Lieutenant-Colonel Angel 
Lmwang , the deputy paramfli- 
tary police chief of Bulacan, . 
peppering his car with auto- 
matic fire. . 

Several hours' later, four r 
suspected urban. • guerrillas 
were shot dead in a battle wilh 
police in a Manfla .submix.The - 
men opened fire when: ap» ; 

wfcjdfwrecked a pola^car 
and injured three, policemen. • 
In the shooting thar followed . 
all four gunmen were- killed. . 

Meanwhile, armed , forces 
headquarters in ..Manila re- 
ported a large-scale; military. 

’ peasants 
ditch Mao 

From David Bonavia 
Hong Knag 

Peasants in the late Chair-i 
man Mao TscHtra^S birth- 
place are becoming rich 
through business • activities 
which he strongly oppose d . 

, Ah official report from the 
[village of Shaoshan in the 
'’southern province of Hunan, 
says private restaurants, sonv- 
i emr stalls, processed foods 
and eels were bringing pros- 
perity to peasants. 

The peasants say they 
understand they are not going 
against Mao's polities. 

Some of the peasants atibit 
refused to go along with y»r fa 
“capitalist" practices when 
Chinese agriculture was re- 
formed after 1979 and the 
people’s communes establish- 
ed by Mao were disbanded. 
However, taler, they were 
“educated” to realize that 
there was no harm in making ' 
money through honest work 
and commerce. 

sweep of jungle south-east of. 
Manila for several hundred, 
communist rebels, who on 
Monday raided neighbouring, 
towns, killing two people and’ 
abducting two soldiers. - 

Responding to the flare-up 
in rebel attacks, Mr- Joan 
Ponce ’ Entile, the Defence: 
Miuttcr, tound Quezon pro- 
vince, scaie of the offensive;. 

. and said the military would- 
adopt a “more aggressive. 

. posture" against the rebels. U 
* A Cabinet review oh Tues— 
dajp of the La^ryaicyritMtiM . 

impatience, if not frustra--. 
tkm”, a Cabmetnarawter said" 

The pirate attack was the- 
. worst in many .months. The. 
pirates, riding in two motor- 
boats, boarded the slow-mov- 
ing vessel offSHmunul isEand- 
and, after roblnttt the pas- , 
sengers, separated the men . 
from the women. 

They then opened fire, kill- 
ing eight men. Four others;-, 
apparently left for dead by the . 
pirates, were found seriously : 
wounded iiy a mHftary patrol. 
.'The- scnoolgiris, Sylvia*^. 
Makfusa, aged 14, and Sally- 
Hajula,.aged 18, were kid^^ 
napped and later ItilleiL ; ■= j- 

outburst in 

Canberra (Reuter) ~ Aus^‘- 
tralia’s Liberal Party Oppo- - , 
sition leader, Mr Jonh. How- 
ard. was suspended Jroin the’! 
Federal Padrameut yesterday 
amid rowdy scenw after he!, 
called the Treasurer, Mr Paul- v 
Keating a Har. -’■••• 

Mr frkiwaril was suspended: 
for 24 hours after refusing to • 
withdraw a claim that MT . 
Keating had lied during a bil^' 
ter row over the Labor.Gov,!- 
eromenfs newfringe. benefits 
tax. Early this year Mr Keating 
accused Mr -Howard of tntii-. : 
estrating an Opposition smear 
campaign against him. . 

Mr Howard, the first Oppa! 
sition leader to be suspended • 
from Parliament for 3 7 years,: 
carried the skirmish with Nfr ■ 
Keating over into a later news- 
conference. ~ ' 

"Mr Keating is paonHiw ^ 
some precious flower.. In' tacf 
be has an appalling record as a* 
.mud slinger . . .he can disb S : 
out. but he can't take It," Mf 
Howard sakL . 

Suharto approves plan 
for tunnel-bridge link 

- Jakarta (AFP) - President 
Suharto of Indonesia has ap- 
proved plans to Hnk Sumatra, 
Jaraand Bafi with tmmeb add 
ferMges, ft was reported here 




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who i ''- 
wie ai n ;s : 
But his con. 
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and the un: 
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Pinpointing the enemy 










Part 4: Conspiracy of silence 

Having resigned from Labour’s 
Front Bench, Robert Kilroy-Silk 
continued his battle against y 
Militant, determined to jjnd out * 

who was legitimately entitled to 
vote at his reselection meeting. 

But his constituency secretary was 
exercising her own powers of veto 
and the unions were refusing him 
the information he badly heeded 

OCTOBER 23, 1985 


- True enough, but- thivas- she 
must know, is not a reason for 
revising to allow his branch to 
affiliate. If it is, then why, one- • 
wonders, didn't she refuse the 
affiliation of all the Transport and 

eading die paper on the 
plane to London from 

• affiliation of all the Transport and 
’ General Woitere Union branches 
date, h was on. this date more than whose secretanesdo not live in the 

40 years ago that my lather, 

William Silk, was killed when his 

ship, - the- Gharybdis; -was- tor-— 
pedoed in the Channel by a 
German submarine. It made me 
very sad, and the sadness re- 
mained with me all day. 

After the death of my father, my 
mother married his best friend, 
John Kilroy, who- had competed 
with my father for her favours 
-when they were still at school in 
die slums of -Birmingham., She 
ended up narryingthem bothcShe 
loved my stepfather, and it was a 
very happy marriage. As a result I 
had two surnames. At home and 
in the neighbourhood I was Rob- 
ert Kilroy, but at school 1 was 
Robert Silk, the name on my birth 
certificate. My stepfather always 
refused to adopt me or change my 
name legally. “He's Billy’s lad,“ 

constimency?^That she' made a 
mistake is not in doubt; that it was 
a defffierate. jone .is more than 
likely. It will go into our files. 

Liverpool's win over Luton on 
Saturday helped to lessen the 
gloom. The consoling thing about 
Manchester United's win and the 
fact thatwe’re soil 10 points adrift . v - . 

of them in the first division is that ‘ z 

they beat Chelsea. Two southern 
teams beaten by two northern;:.. : 
teams is a. good way to end a 
Saturday. spoilt in a cold and'wet - 
garden planting bulbs. 

Constituency secretary Cathy Toner: “Tbit she made* imstakeis not in doubt" 

6 It’s as if 
they feel 
/re on 
the brink of 

Derek Hatton: “Ecstatic Albert Hall reception from 4,000 Militant supporters’ 


Michael Cockerell's fihn about my 
reselection difficulties was on the 
BBC today. It left me slightly 
disappointed.-’ It was fair enough 
and oh my ride. It spoke of the 

_ over 
the party } 

Kilroy-Silk on the brazen 
attitude of the 
Liverpool Militants 

he'd say. “He’ll stay-BiUy’.sladJ)ut — r Woody -battle- - for- -Knowsky 
i'll bring him up as mine." North and accurately presented 

my views and. allegations. 
Cockerell reported faithfully- the., 
packing of meetings, the influence 
of Militant and its base in Liver- 
pool, and that national party 
officials had described what was 
happening in my constituency as a 

But he also. said that I would 
” fight a by-election if deselected. 

We played the film back again, 

- and n o wh ere didi say lhaL It was" 
his assumption, but it will cause 
me trouble^ 

The surprise was the discussion 
that took J place _fn the studio 
afterwards.' Jeremy Corbyn, the 
hard-left MP for Islington North, . 
made me blaze. Oh. he declared, 
nothing to worry about here. AB 
got up by the media. He doesn’t 
know anything about my constit- 
uency. He’s never asked me about 
it and has never, as far as I'm 
aware, visited ilTYet there he was 
200 miles away in the wannth of 
the television- studios pontifical-' 

I was always having to explain 
why I had different names. It was 
my headmaster who suggested the 
simply expedient of putting the 
Kilroy before the Silk, but without 
the hyphen. Some editor or printer 
at LSE when I worked for the 
college newspaper put that in, and 
it stayed. ..... 

OCTOBER 25-26 

At the management committee 
meeting this week, the constit- 
uency secretary, Cathy Toner, 
admitted that she had received a 
letter from the secretary of to 
Liverpool North Branch of TASS, 
the Transport and Salaried Staffs 
union, seeking affiliation to to 
constituency, and that she nad 
refused him. I like the way she 
does these things so cavalierly. 

1 was also sent copies or tne 
correspondence by to TASSsee- 
rctarv. He first wrote on Much 18. 
but made the mistake of raying, in 
effect, that the branch would 
support me. His Ictler was tfr 
nored. They wrote again in June 
and a third time, -by recorded 
delivery to the secretary, a 
copy to me. on October 15. This 
was the letter the constituency 
secretary referred to. adding tardy: 
**But fve turned tom down 
because he (the TASS branch 
secretary) down* ,ive m * c 

of to delegates, who always sit in 
the from row and are experts at 
' hurling abuse, are not even en- 
■ tilled to be at the meetings, let 
alone play any part in them, 
according to the union they say 
has sent them. -- 
I don't undeistand how it is that 
the s ft cre ,MT y doesn't tfTir>w this . 
After all, she was quick to tell the 
TASS man to get lost. Why hasn’t 
she ever noticeff that Kerr and 
others like him have not been 
nominated - by - the unions they 
claim to have been nominated by? 

-The rerooVal -Of Kerr doesn't 
make a great deal of difference to 
_jhe vole. There are now 140 
-delegates, I .still need 72 votes to 
- win and. I have-66 with another 10 
possible. But it's a morale boost 


mg about it and me. 


We’ve found another cme. Dave 
Kerr, a Militant supporter, an 
employee of Liverpool City Coun- 
cil and press officer for to 
constituency party, is not. accord- 
ing to the Tobacco Workers 
Union, a delegate. Yet that is how 
he appears on the Hstof delegates 

1 was hoping for a quiet Monday, 
Some hope. The telephone rang 
just before. 7. am. “I have it from 
an authoritative source that you 
-have — resigned from the Front 
Bench team." said a breathless 
Chris MoncriefF, the Press 
Association's chief political 
reporter. • . . 

“That’s right,” I said. “Is it 
because of your problems with 
resetection?” ■“Yes.*’ I felt weary: 
Fd have- to go- through the whole 
story again, not just to various 

Extracted from Hard 
Political Diary 

Silk, to be pnbUshrf byCtagofi 
Wind us on September 

- ne appeals uu noain not list IQ vanOUS 

. that to secreia^ has pre^g for 

constituency; that they used the 
“facucTof the caucus, of packing 
meetings and of intimidation, and 
that I could not give as much time 
and energy to my shadow min- 
isterial duties as they needed or as 
' I wanted to give. 

Irritatingly, Jimmy Young said 
to me: “You haven't solved the 
unemployment, though, have you . 
Robert? At least, that’s what toy~ 
say.” „ ..., - .r - 
• . “No* I said. “Nor has’ the 
Militant MP, Teny Fields. Nor 
has Eric Hefler. Nor can he white 
we have the Tories in power.” 

Immediately the programme 
ended, I received a call from my 
mote in the TGWU. He had bad 
news. Apparently Peter Killeen 
had aiked for the number.' of 
members in the brandies of the 
union that are affiliated to my 
constituency. As to number of 
delegates is based on the n umb er . 
-of members in the branch living in 
the constituency, it is obviously 
important to have this informa- 
tion if we are to confirm that to 
union's branches are entitled to 
the number of delegates that they 

. . _ The information - was refused. - 
“At least Killeen will now know 
the score,” my informant went on. 
“Can you get me the membership 
figures?” I asked hopefully. “It’s 
already being- done. It may- take 
some time, but HI make sure that 
you get them.” 

What is interesting about to 
TGWU and the Liverpool Mili- 
tants is bow brazen they’ve be- 
come. It’s as if they feel that 
- they’re on the brink of taking over 
the party, or have already taken it 
over and know that they Cannot be 
dislodged. Indeed, that is what 
many people -on Merseyside are 
now saying. They allege that 
Militant has infiltrated -the council 
and the Labour Party so thor- 
oughly that it will never lose 
effective control of either. 

In any event,' Hatton is so 
. cocksure that be not only attended 
a Militant rally last night m to 
Albert Hall, where he received “an 
ecstatic reception" from 4,000 
Militant supporters, but he we nt 
on to attack Neil and suggested 
that he started “to lead and 
represent your people in the same 
that Thatcher leads and 

gional. organizer for t he Labour. 
Tarty irilhe north-west. 

It really is extraordinary how 

.r.W. ..'iriwl anH mnet 9MYVK 

repealed -that! was_ — . - 
a conspiracy, conceived in Liver- 
pool bsLMilitant. to.iake over my_ 


r iirnmy Young — represents hers:” “ 

tot morning, l . _ It's turning out just -as I thought 
s confronted by - ■ everybody will be to blame for 
what happens in Liverpool except 
Hatton-andtbe Militants-. •••■— 

appointments following to an- 
nual elections to the - Shadow 
Cabinet and Neil's reallocation of 
responsibilities. Instead it domi- 
nated them.' 

Just before lundi I recorded an 
interview with Sir Robin Day for 
the BBCs The World At One. He 
asked whether I thought the NEC 
should condemn .Tony 
Mulhearn's candidature if be were 
to be selected instead of me. That, 
I said, would be a matter for the 
NEC Then he changed tack. 
“Would you expect Mr Kinnock 
to condemn it?" 

“I can't ray what Neil would 
do," I replied. 

“Would you hope that he would 
condemn it?" 

“I think he has to make his own 

• “What would you hope that 
derision would be?” 

“I hope that he would tell the 

“What would telling the truth be 
in so far as Mr Mulheam is 

“Well, dearly - and you're 
doing a very good job of pushing 
me into a corner, aren’t you 
..Robin?.-= dearly, to truth would 
be that Mr Mulhearn's member- 
ship of Militant Tendency makes 
him inappr o priate for member- 
ship of the;- Labour Party and 
inappropriate as a Labour can- 
didate and potential Labour MP.” 
That felt better. 

i he news from to front 
I line today could be inter- 
preted as both promising 
and ominous. The good 
news from the 
GMBATU, to general and 
municipal workers' union, is that 
they do not have five delegates to 
■ ray management committee from 
theXiverpool Militant-dominated 
Branch 5 as to Tot of delegates 
given to Peter .Killeen by the 
constituency secretary claims. 
They lave only three. They’ve 
already raid Lawler is not a 
delegate, so that means another 
one oft but we don’t yet know 
whom. There are now 139 dele- 
gates. I need 70 votes to nun and I 
still have 66 and 10 possibles. Are 
we getting there, albeit slowly? 

The bad news, this time from 
to TGWU, is that Peter Killeen 


teads n™ _ was prevented. _ from. _ entering! t0 pontificate uu te le vis io n 

Tiansnott House in LiVCTDOOl tO I .km.* m u all met ‘IimMiv 


1 must confess I didn’t expect to 
get such banner headlines over m y 
resignation: among the surprises 
were -to page -two lead-in. Tm 
Times and the. top of to page m 
to Daffy Telegraph. “Bovver Bob 
Quits Top-Job Over Left” in The 
Sun was probably more to be-- 
expected. And the irony, of courst . 
is that none of this was supposed 
loJiappen. My resignation was to . 
.have ban overshadowed by to 
announcement of the Front Bench 

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Transport House in Liverpool to 
verify to fact that Phil McSoriey 

was indeed nominated as a dele- 
gate. He was going to meet the 
seerriary “of "Phil " McSoriey’s 
branch. 6/657. in order to be 
shown the correspondence book 
containing the copy of the letter 
nominating Phil to my manage- 
ment committee. Incredibly, he 
. was met m to car- park by > Len 
McCIuskey; the full-time political 
liaison officer who. 1 have heard, 
is no friend-of mine, to put it at its 
best, and told that-he had instruc- 
tions from the regional secretary 
not to admit him. ‘ 

- It's absolutely unheard of. What 
are they biding? Why are they so 
desperate? ... 



As Kinnock 
, wavers, Kilroy- 
Silk decides that 
the political 
game is no 
longer worth 
the candid 

Whatever yon do 
don’t hit him’ 

After Michael Cockerell's BBC- 
TV film was shown Jan, my wife, 
and I walked In the woods. We 
decided that the film was okay. We - 
coaid five with it. Bat I still had to 
see Jeremy Corbyn, the hard-left 
MP whose contribution to the 
studio discussion had made me 
furious. Jan was angry with him, 
but more worried about what Fd do 
to him. I couldn’t wait In give him 
an example of the “healthy - 
debate” be thought was bring 
conducted in Knowsley. 

Two days later, I saw Corbyn in 
die division lobby* Td been looking 
for him in to Commons all day. I 
was miking to Barry Shearman 
and John Evans, the MP for St 
Helen's North, strategically 
placed near to exit through which 
all Labour MPs would have to 

pass, not far from where Bob Parry 
had. offered me -that “de a r all 
those months ago. 

. Evans- could .see that I was 
distracted. “You’re not listening,” 
be complained hi his fine Geordie 

gff Wlj, 

“I'm looking for Corbyn,” I 
explained. “I want a weed with 

“Oh Christ,” he said. 

“You know what it's about?" I 

“Oh aye. Look Rob,” he said, 
“whatever you do, don't hit him.” 
That was to last thing Jan had 
said to me. I was about to tell him 
that when I saw Corbyn walking 
towards us with Michael Meacher 
from the far end of the wide green- 
carpeted, book-lined corridor. 

I strode towards them. 
“Remember,” John Evans called 
from behind, “don't hit him.” 

“Hello, mate,” Corbyn said to 

“Don't yon 'mate' me,” I 

Meacher disappeared. 

“Since when,” I asked Mocking 
Corbyn's way, “have yon been an 
expert on my constituency, eh? 
Since when have you been qaali- 

abont it? So it was all just 'healthy 
debate', was it?” I demanded: 
“Well, how do yon like some 
-healthy debate?” 

Jeremy Corbyn: fracas in the 
lobby with Kilroy-Silk 

I don't remember how long^I 
“spoke” to him. I do remember 
that I said all that I wanted to say 
and to* be became aware of my 
displeasure. The creep. There 
must have been upwards of 200 
Labour MPs in the lobby at the 
time, but no one attempted to 
intervene and no one said a word. I 
learnt afterwards that that was 
because most of them were wait- 
ing, hoping for me to hit him. 
There was, apparently, a great 
demand for the video of the film 
afterwards and several showings 
were provided in the Whips' 

Distracted by all this, I made 
to mistake of thinking that we 
had finished voting, and I came 
borne. 1 was therefore able to 
natch Neves at Ten in my own 
house, a rare luxury. Then, at to 
end, Alistair Burnet said that there 
fold been a scuffle between two 
Labour MPs in the lobby tonight 

- -ancf quoted Corfejo as sayfegtlsat I 
..was a boxer and to was a runner, 

so he' ran. f couldn't' believe it. 
How could he say that about 

- himself? — - — - - : 



<3 . 

9 Young Koa Ol- 
io Musicians group (9) 

11 Deiea (5) 

13 Gty outskirts (7) 

16 Overlook (7) 

19 Finnish steam" bath 


73. Magnolia (5.4) 

24 Clumsy boat (3) 

25 New convict (5.S) 


1 Trouser straps (6) 

2 token stones (6) 

3 Accelerator (8) 

4 Carries out (6) 

5 Without charge (4) 

6 Table servant (6) 

7 Sidcroads (6) ' 

12 Hair tail (3) 

'14 Having a: squint .(4.4) 
15 Sticky rail (3) 

16 Inform (6) 

.17 in .great numbers (6) 
18- Sea pink (6) 

20. Messy (6) 

21 ■ Reddish brown (6| 
23 Fool track (4) 


ACROSS 1 Ruhato 4 Madame 7 Togs 8 Effusive 9 Decrepit 
Gem 16 Judas Iscariot 17 Rid 19 Transfer 24 Skin-deep 25 
Beer 26 y earns 27 Exceed 

gOWN: IRuih 2 Bigheaded 3 Obese 4 Mufti 5 Dash 6 
Movre lO Reset II Pasha 12 Teams 13 Guinevere 14 Mote 
Ajar 18 Inkle 20 Reeds 21 Nappe 22 Knur 23 Prod 



Inc liMca 1‘HL/iOlMY SfcFTfcMbcR 25 


Happy Birthday 
don of detectives 

“For what may prove 10 be 
Appleby’s final 

performance-.” intones the 
blurt on the front cover. Is 
this an intimation that, on the 
verge of his eightieth birthday. 
Innes has decided finally to 
lay down the blood-dipped' 
pen he picked up exactly 50 
years ago? If so, he should be 
told that there is no necessity 
for it. His latest work leaves 
no evidence of decrepitude or 
senility in its writer. 

Inspector Appleby appeared 
first in Death at the President's 
Lodging, published in 1936 at 
seven shillings and sixpence. 
"Worthy of a place among 
some of the best recent 
novels'*. The Times enthused. 
The young policeman went on 
to be Commissioner of Scot- 
land Yard and to a knight- 
hood: and he continued 
solving crimes after his 

In Appleby and the Ospreys 
(people, not birds) he is. as he 
has been often before, a guest 
at a country house which 
becomes the setting for a 
bizarre murder. The body is 
duly found in the library, there 
are bats and butlers, antique 
coins and eccentric fellow- 
guests and family-members. 
Sir John, witty, urbane, and 
learned does what he has done 
for a half-century. 

Later Applebys are less 
intimidating to the Ordinary 
Reader than some of the early 
offerings. The hero is a little 
less inclined to show off his 
knowledge of esoteric subjects 
and writings: his jokes and 
asides are (ess obscure. 

Yet to the end (if indeed it 
is) Innes has remained the 
master of the donnish mys- 
tery. the languid crime story 
written as much for the delec- 
tation of High Table at Christ 
Church, where, shorn of his 
pseudonym. J.l.M. Stewart 
spent much of his academic 
career, as for the general 
leading public. 

His popularity through 
more than 50 books (not all 
them Applebys), in spite of his 
sometimes tiresome bouts of 
intellectual superiority and 
obscurantism, says a great 
deal for his meticulous plot 
construction, sense of timing, 
and seldom faltering pace. 

• The Best of Winter’s 
Crimes, edited by George 
Hardinge (Macmillan, 2 rats, 
£8.95 each). For 17 years Lord 
Hardinge has presided over 
the first class " Winter's 
Crimes" selection of specially 


Marcel Berlins 

By Michael Innes 

Goltonc:. £7.95 

Murder by ma mm on 

The battle against terrorism 
cannot be won by air raids on 
Libya, nor by ambushes on the 
Irish border. Victory can be 
achieved only by cutting the 
sources of the terrorists’ 

That is James Adams's 
central thesis, and it means 
waging war against drug traf- 
ficking in Latin America, 
smuggling, extortion rackets 
and tax exemption, certificate 
frauds in Northern Ireland, 
and the activities of front 
organizations in the world's 
mam financial centres. 

It is wrong to suppose that 
the essence of modem terror- 
ism is men assembling bombs 
in garrets, or. at lnc other 
extreme, nations such as Lib- 
ya. Svria. and Iran sustaining 
terrorism through huge finan- 
cial support. 

True enough that many 
\rab slates do contribute to 
organizations such as the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organiza- 
tion. but Mr Adams argues 
that terrorist organizations 
only achieve the longevity of 
the PLO or the IRA by 





commissioned short crime 
stories. This is his retirement 
creme de la crane, and a 
smashing assortment it is too. 
No point in mentioning- 
names; everyone is there. 

• John Creasey’s Crime Col- 
lection 1986, edited by Her- 
bert Harris (GoUancz. £8.95). 
Up against such competition, 
this high-quality short story 
offering is by no means dis- 
graced. Particularly effective 
mini-chillers from Margaret 
Yorke. Julian Symons, and 
Peter Lovesey. 

• Dead Birds, by John Milne 
(Hamish Hamilton. £10.95). 
Ex-cop private eye Jimmy 
Jenner. minus one leg and 
hard of hearing, fluffs minding 
job in boxing milieu. His 
charge is dead, his diem is 
cross, and the local cops want 
a result Convindng East End 
low-life tang, bruising action. 

• Southern Seas, by Manuel 
Vazquez Montalban (Pluto 
Press. £9.95). Intelligent, liter- 
ate paella whodunit with en- 
gaging Barcelona sleuth, 
socialist and gourmet Pepe 
Carvalho, grubbing into kill- 
ingof businessman on his way | 
to Pacific to emulate Gauguin, | 
but instead found dead on 
local building site. 

• Sleeping Dog, by Dick 
Lochte ( Macmillan £8.95). 
Precocious teenager 
Serendipidy hires seedy 
P.I. Lea Blood worth to find 
her missing dog. Dog-theft 
leads entertainingly to people- 
murder, and it's all told wittily 
through the alternative first 
person of the pushy youngster 
and the reluctant, embarrased 
investigator. Unusual and fun. 

• Dead on Arrival, bv- Doro- 
thy Simpson (Michael Joseph. 
£9.95). Typically tight, low- 
key investigation of the mur- 
der of a ne'er-do-well in a 
small Kent town, with the 
very human Inspector ThaneL , 
Few writers can match 
Simpson's control of her char- 
acters and plot, or her unob- , 
trusive build-up of tension. 

One day in 1 950. when Gabri- 
el is II his .pretty young 
mother leaves a fish pie ready 
for supper, and goes PuL ; She 
does not come back. This is 
every child’s nightmare: and 
Gabriel’s Lament. Paul 
Bailey's most complex novel 
so far. seems to me a sad story, 
though it can be read as a 
funny one. It’s a book worth 
reading twice. Its point is that 
the hells of grief and shame 
and lost love are preferable to 
the grotesque pretences that 
people construct to deny 

Gabriel is left whh his old 
father, who prevaricates: 
Mummy is on holiday, or has 
telephoned while he was at 
school. Finally, he announces 
she has found a younger man 
and will never come back. 
GabrieL doggedly expecting 
her home day after day, 
becomes disturbed and physi- 
cally retarded, “my body ex- 
pressing the grief my mind 
was unaware of". Not until he 
is middle-aged does Mummy 
stop haunting him when, after 
a breakdown, be opens the box 
that was his father's only 
legacy and learns the truth. 

Then, Gabriel writes his 

pressing the 


of t he week 

Glendinning - 



By Paul Bailey 

Cape. £9.95 

life-story, this “lament". He. 
knows now what happened to. 
Mummy but we don't until 
the end. The cleverest writing 
here is in the way Bailey 
directs the reader's imagina- 
tion (but not romantic 
Gabriel’s) into horrid assump- 
tions about the “terrible 
knowledge" about her fate 
that Gabriel's father conceals. 

The novel stands or foils on 
the figure of Father. Gabriel's 
breakdown happens in Ameri- 
ca. where hie is lecturing on 
itinerant- preachers, about 
whom he has written a book 
that has made him rich. It is 
because of his father that he is 

Cunning constructor 
of complex tmgi-cOmedy 

fascinated by cranks and vi- 
sionaries, fantasists, fanatics, 
and charlatans. His old dad 
was a chirpy Cockney before 
he came into money, and 
began acting the part of a great 
man in theClapham mansion. 
He is .’ “the great 
Dissimulator", hiding pitiful 
truths about his wife and his 

own secret shames behind a 
wordy barrage afboast^ anec- 
dotes, cruel facetiousness, and 
hectoring homilies. Gabriel, 
when he leaves home, “finds 
.nearly all his friends covering 
up in the same garrulous way. 
giving eccentric 

“performances" for their own 
comfort or, like. American TV 
evangelists, for profit . .. 

This is a book packed with 
“characters", neurotics and 
obsessional talkers. It is louch- 
and-go whether Father him- 
self is a great comic creation' or 

a bore, just as it is touch-and- 
go whether Gabriel is a seeker 
' after. Jove, truth, and “the 
' commonplace history of lifeas 
itis liveT. or just a bit of a 
'wimp. Biit the points are 
forcefully made, and the nov- 
el like aU Paul Bailey’s books, 
is most cunningly constructed. 
His writing is calm and fastidi- 
ous even when his subject- 
matter is anything but. And 
Father’s frightfulness certainly I 
makes one share Gabriel's | 
* determination (as he tears, off 
•the dress he wears in secret to | 

bring Mummy doser) to be rid , 
bf'^foe terrible warmth of 
deception that is no-warmth at i 
alL" - I 

Satires from the 

Eminence Chauve 

Life of the thug 
who made God 

la Patrie 

Rodney Cowton 

By James Adams 

New English Library. £12.95 

becoming financially indepen- 
dent of state sponsors. 

He reckons that the PLO, 
and its subsidiary groups have 1 
assets of about $5 billions, and 
that in 1983 state-sponsored 
donations accounted for only 
about one-sixth of their in- 
come. In the case of the IRA, . 
contributions by supporters 
account for an even smaller 
proportion of its total income. 
This alarming book adds to 
our understanding of the larg- 
er terrorist organizations. 

The existence of such an 
organization cannot be threat- 
ened by picking up the occa- 
sional would-be bomber. The 
only long-term answer is to dig 
up its financial roots. The 
question is whether govern- 
ments have the will and the 
competence to do it. 

The lost memoirs of the 
Roman Emperor Augustus 
have apparently been discov- 
ered and given to the novelist 
Allan Massie to translate in 
his modern style. Massie has 
the pleasure of being his own 
reviewer and commentator 
under the nom de plume of 
Professor Fraser-Graham, 
who substantiates the authen- 
ticity of the imperial memoirs, 
praises their extremes of collo- 
quialism and formal beauty, 
and questions Massie’ s com- 
petence as a translator. After 
this Ossian fun and games, 
Massie writes a witty, illumi- 
nating. and elegiac account of 
the life and intrigues of Augus- 
tus from the killing of Julius 
Caesar until his own death. 
Far more entertaining than 
Robert Grave’s I Claudius, if 
less profound than Marguerite 
Yourcenar s Memoirs of Ha- 
drian, Augustus proves that 
Massie is the best novelist 
north of the Scots border 
where the Roman Empire 
readied its limits. He makes 
Augustus credible as a man: 
wily, ruthless, shrewd, gener- 
ous. admirable. He describes 
the Emperor’s deep attach- 
ment to his wife Livia, and his 
veneration of Vergil whose 
Aeneid is published despite 
the ' poet’s will that it be 
burned after his death. The 
fictitious Professor Fraser- 
Graham did not praise the real 
author enough: but then, as 
Augustus said of Gcero, “Be- 
ware the man who speaks wdl 
of you” — even if he is 

Dvorak in Love is a bio- 
graphical novel about the 
Bohemian composer and bis 
sojourns in America, where he 
wrote his 5ymphony No. 9 in 
E minor From the New 
World. This imaginative 
recreation by Josef Skvorecky 
is rich with feeling for place, 
smell, taste, and past time. It 
achieves the impossible in 
suggesting the connection be- 
tween the senses and musical 
composition and perfor- 
mance. Dvorak is presented as 
an earthy and family man. in 
love with Jozefina, Countess 
Kounic. but really a peasant at 
heart. Skvorecky's novel cele- 
brates with conviction a su- 
preme composer or folk music 
who occasionally soared to the 
music of the spheres. 


Books pittahed « Bntam mated rtand 
and woridmdQ. Academe, proTcsstontf. 
co m merc ia l, facaon and non-fcetaon. 


Andrew Sinclair 


By Allan Massie 

The Bodley Head, £9.95 


By Josef Skvorecky 

Chano & Windus, £10.95 


*. By Stephen Koch - • 

Marion Boyars. £10,95 

The Bachelor's Bride has an 
opening as engaging and sim- 
ple as The Great Gaisby. It is 
SoHo in New York in foe late 
'Sixties. “Art, like life, had just 
begun." Those connected with 
foe explosion of American 
painting felt intensely alive 
and aware, as if in some kind 
of new and potentially endless 
moment A graduate critic 
flatters his way into foe Bunch 
that surrounds the James 
Dean of foe plastic arts, the 
painter Mel Dworidn.-He has 
an affair with Dworidn’s 
woman gallery owner and a 
male acolyte in foe Bunch. 
Finally, he ends as foe keeper 
of the Dworkin myth and foe 
group breaks apart 

Stephen Koch’s prose is 
almost photographic, so.exact- 
ly does it catch foe fever, 
humour, folly, and preten- 
tiousness of the Manhattan art 
world. It depicts in words the 
silk-screen paintings that ex- 
press Dworkin's claim to ge- 
nius. The narrator and critic is 
always talking about the 
present absence of Dworkin’s 
work. And that is the success 
and failure of foe noveL We 
are present at a brilliant time 
when to be with artists was 
very heaven, but afl feeling is 
absent Dworkin's death 
moves us no more than the 
shimmer on foe surface of his 

Piers Paul Read has shown 
before — in novels such as The 
Junkers, set in Germany, or in’ 
foe non-fictional ABve, set In 
Uruguay and Chile— that "he 
can take a foreign setting, 
maybe historical, ami write 
about ft in convincing detail 
This time his theme is the 
destructive ideological divi- 
sions in the France of the 
1930s and the war period, and 
this long and ambitions politi- 
ture-stnry relates the lives of 
its fictional characters to the 
1 public events that shape them' 
so decisively. 

His aim is to show how 
decent and honest Frenchmen, 
even belonging to the same 
family, cooM bold diametrical- 
ly opposing views about poli- 
tics and religion, and bow this 
fatally weakened France, lead- 
ing first to the defeat of 1940 
and then to the fends of the ' 
Resistance and the .blood- 
letting of the Liberation. His 
hero; Bertrand de Rogjay, is a 
liberal figure caught m. the 
middle. He comes Cram a 
prosperous landowning family 
of extreme-Right Catholics In 
Provence (his brother joins the 
legion that fought alongside 
the Wehrmacht on the Rus- 
sian Front); and be marries 
into an academic family of 
Communists and Marxists. 
Bertrand is' a “free” French- 
man not only in foe sense that 
he joins de GanOe in London, - 
bat because he alone m this 
gallery of bigots is relaiively- 
ud trammelled by ideology, 
(save by a puritan Catholic 
conscience on sexual matters) 
and so can think dearly and 
act decisively as a patriot 

After a failed marriage and 
a listless fife as a sons-prtfet 
in a small Provencal city, de 
Roiqay escapes via Lisbon to 
London in 1940. But here too 
he finds little bat fending, with 
tiw prickly Gaullists and the 
devious British at each others* 
throats. He takes a particular 
dislike to the English landed 


By Piers PohI Read 

Seeker & Warburg. £10.95 

gentry, nrifo their ghastly food 
and sloppy do foes; aid .his 
second marriage, to Jenny of 
. Yorkshire proves as disas- 
trous as his first, to Madeleine, 
la Rouge (not very frec in his 
private fife, this Frenchman). 
Meanwhile, bad; amid the 
vineyards and the ofa've moves, 
the host of secondary charac- 
ters in this complex book are 
bnsfly carving each other np in 
the name of Ln France. Read 
gives a sharp account of foe 
moral confusions of tiw Vichy 
era. • . 

He . eschews ; fhe 
approach of so many English' 
and American novels About 
- provincial France, and be 
shows the French in harsh and 
dear light His book has been 
meticulously researched, and 
for most of its length I found it 
realistic and plausible 

Towards the end, around 
1943-4, the wordy narrative 
gathers pace and becomes 
more exritiag. Bnt the ddaone- 
-ment at the Liberation goes 
qver the top into; melodrama, 
as the corpses pile np, and so 
dp the improbable coinci- 
dences. Read here deserts 
realism and seems to be 
aiming for the cathartic effect 
of some Aeschylean or Jacobe- 
an tragedy. Or else, with an 
eye maybe on tiw movie or TV 
possibilities, he wants to spice 
the politics with btood-and- 
fo under ad veu tare. As a result, 
the ideok»|jca! themes pre-‘ 
seated earher in the book are 
not followed through at the 
efimax, where, tiw moral state 
of France at foe Liberation 
gets buried beneath tiw cre- 
scendo of quick-fire action. 

Auberon Waugh is Britain s 
leading living journalist . I 
learn from foe jacket blurb on 
this selection of his writings. 1 1 
was my hap on a sunless day 
Iasi December to travel in a 
taxi with the LLJ- through 
the blank concrete canyon of 
this city. Unexpectedly, .in a 
corner, I spied a magnificent 
Mahoraia in full bloom. I 
couldn’t prevent myself yelp- 
ing “Look!**. From under foe 
wide brim of his caterpillar- 
shit green velour, Mr Waugh 
was already looking; “Warms 
foe heart, doesn’t itT said he. 
The L.LJ. has written billions 
of words to disguise the feet 
that he. has a heart at all. and 
may be said to have succeed- 
ed. if not entirely admirably, 

in- this peculiar exercize. 

Satiric writing has not been 
given its due praise in this 
country since Matthew Ar- 
nold imposed the criterion of 
high seriousness asihe distin- 
guishing mark of foe classic, 
even though some of our 
greatest classics are -anything 
but high or serious. Children 
ought to read Byron’s Don 
Juan at school. 

Since Arnold, unhappy Vic- 
torian inspector of schools 
that he was. laid his dead hand 
on culture and anarchy (foe 
twin Gods of the satirists' 
pantheon), great literature has 
been associated by schoolchil- 
dren with gloom, misery, and 
maladapiaiioo. (This is a ri- 
diculous overstatement in foe 
tradition of foe LLJ. himself, 
and evidence of the effect that . 
reading 84 of his Spectator 
pieces on foe trot may have on 
the unwary but conscientious 

Satire was taught by foe 
Sons of Lea vis, himself a Son 
of Arnold, as if it were entirely 
a matter of foe satiric positive; 
similarly Sidgwkk.& Jackson 
(alias Lord Pom) tell us that 
Bron is “serious at bottom", 

- as if everyone were not .serious 
there. What is important 
about a satirist is whether he is. 
effective in making us laugh or 
squirm. Unfortunately, a gen- 
eration illiterate in satire sim- 
. ply gets upset with a writer like 
Bron, fails to repay him in his 
own coin, and bores itself silly 
with piously condemning 

. Mr Waugh is versed enough 
in foe Scriptures to know that 
if he has set. himself up as 
flagellum Dei, he must expect 
to be burned in the fire. He 
says, “I have long been in 
favour of savage penalties for 
those who make bad jokes in 
public?, knowing that he is 
among the offenders. If foe 
New Statesmen gave him a 
good review, he would be 
driven to be even more unfor- 
givable in the future. He gives 
a bint of his method in one of 
several pieces inspired; by 
Taunton Post Office, in this 
case reacting to-foe death of 
Baby Malcolm as a result of 
parental neglect: 

Ge rmaine Greer 
ANOTHER voice 

An Alternative 
Bv Auberon Waugh 

Sidtpvick & Jackson. £9.95 

One woman gave it as her 
opinion that the entire M el- 
fare Department responsible 
should be sent to prison. 
When I suggested. , m my 
hvlpfid way. that hanging 
was too good a fate foe these 
welfare workers, there was a 
slight pause and moderation 
asserted itself. 

Beneath Waugh's most ex- 
travagant attitude, there is a 
profound confidence that 
commonsense will assert it- 
self. once the absurdity of an. 
unexamined position is point- 
ed out. This confidence is 
itself misplaced; too often 
Waugh finds that his public 
■ has not been goaded to rcatt. 
and overbalances himself in 
an effort to swing foe pendu- 
lum back to foe centre again. 
Some of his jokes are impend 
treble to those who have never 
been to a Private Eye lunch, 
but then. Pope’s best jokes in 
foe Dunciad are hardly less as 
impenetrable. ; 

As long as nobody (especial- 
ly not Waugh) seriously thinks 
he is “Britain's leading living 
joumalisf. he is a useful 
gpdfly stinging foe torpid body 
politic. But to be effective his 
touch must remain dry and 
light. He becomes simply tired 
when he is reduced to imitat- 
ing the vices he condemns, in 
pilloring floppiness to become 
floppy, boorishness boorish, . 
‘and hysteria hysterical. 

Waugh ought to be critical 
of himself as one of his own 
“New Britons": he not only 
reads The Sunday Times, he is 
“white and overweight, flip, 
cynical, ignorant and 
boastful”. An . Ethiopian 
would find it hard to distin- 
guish between his and Sir 
James Goldsmith's “disgust- 
ingly ugly face”. 

His haired of humbug exists 
in him alongside a tendency to 
humbug, as it does in all of us. 
He can be careless about 
language, ignorant ~of social 
history (which would give 
dozens of precedents for the 
uncontrollability of the . 
nation's youths/for example),- 
uninterested in political phi- 
losophy, and complacent 
about all hfs defects. 

Nevertheless, his writing 
contains a thousand sizzling 
little shocks that can stir the 
circulation and give more zest 
to the most serious of us. It is 
no small praise to say that 
Waugh has never been co- 
opted even by the causes he 
appeared to support. If he 
wrote less and less hastily he 
might be a classic. 




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The Resurrection Man 

Peter Ackroyd 
reviews the don 
who loves life, 
menhirs, and 
the shipwrecks 
of time; and 
made digging 

ByGlyn Daniel 

Thames <S Hudson. £12.95 

A rchaeology has now be- 
come a glamorous disci- 
pline. In this 
autobiography Professor 
Glyn Daniel locates its popularity in 
the early Fifties; although no doubt 
the origins of its appeal might be 
found m the excavations of Layard 
in Mesopotamia or of Schliemann 
at Mycenae. Perhaps one might 
even go farther back to the Eigh- 
teenth Century, when antiquarians 
travelled around the ruins of En- 
gland with Camden's Britannia in 
one hand and Burke's Philosophical 
Enquiry into the Sublime and 
Beautiful in the other. 

The profession has been democ- 
ratized since those happy days, 
however, as the swarms of ley-hne 
hunters and von Daniken enthusi- 
asts make all too painfully dear. But 
this popularization is in some 
measure due to Professor Daniel 
himself, who, in the days of Ur- 
television, chaired a programme 
known as Animal. Vegetable. Min- 
eral? These wire also the days of 
necessarily “live” broadcasting, 
when Margaret Mead, as Professor 
Daniel recounts in one of the many 
funny stories that enliven these 
Y memoirs, could emerge from an 
intoxicated silence to observe of the 
chairman himself “’ve got 
more brains than I first credited you 

But. on less fraught occasions, 
stray objects were called up from the 
vasty deep and were promptly 
identified by experts - pre-eminent 
amongst them Sir Mortimer 
Wheeler, whose most famous line 
was: “I was there when this thing 
was dug up.” Relentlessly middle- 
brow it may have been, bui Animal. 
Vegetable. Mineral? was neverthe- 
less responsible for a whole genera- 
tion of young children who wanted 
to be nothing other than 

And what of Professor Daniel 
himself? He now has an internation- 
al reputation for his archaeological 
investigations, particularly in the 
strangely seductive area of mega- 
lithic monuments. It is hard not to 
like a man who specializes in 
prehistoric chamber tombs. But 
how did he acquire his thirst for 
prehistory? He was born in Pem- 
brokeshire (in 1914) and on the first 
page of this autobiography declares 
himself to be an “Ancient Briton”. 
From his earliest days he was 
surrounded by the landscape of the 
distant past; he was brought up 
close to Bronze Age round barrows; 
and one ofhis most vivid childhood 
memories is of an old woman who 
lived in a “dark . Neolithic 
cottage., .some strange survival of 
prehistoric times” In this country- 
side, then, “past, present and future 
were one in some mystical confu- 
sion that my reason tells me not to 

Indeed he makes no effort to do 
so here, and these memoirs are 
notably free from even a hint of 
introspection; the only obsession be 
admits to is one for food, and his- 
permanent fascination with the 
remoter reaches of humankind is to 
be traced only by accident, as it. 
were, in his account of his child- 
hood studies and his admission to 
Cambridge University where, with 

various interruptions, he has spent 
the rest ofhis life. 

He must be an inspiring teach- 
er — among his pupils were Barry 
CunlifTe and Colin Renfrew — but 
such is his reserve about his own 
skills that the rest of the world wifi- 
never know, ft is typical of this 
entertaining but somewhat anodyne 
book that he should be more 
interested in the university than in 
himself, and, in a number of 
anecdotes, he effortlessly summons 
up the ghosts of Cambridge past. 

I n that hot-house atmosphere 
strange blossoms emerge from 
their various little pots, and 
Professor Daniel spends less 
time explaining his burgeoning 
interest in inegalithic culture than 
be does in recounting the equally 
inexplicable relics of the common 

But this interest in stories and m 
personalities eventually becomes so 
strong that it has all the makings ofa 
defensive manoeuvre: it is as if he 
does not really want anyone to get 
too close to his real concerns, and he 
protects with . a fierce privacy his 
genuine passions. His real interests 
lie in megaliths and in the history of 
archaeology, for example, and yet 
he treats them only sketchily here 
with a chapter of some 30 pages in a 
book almost fifteen times that 

length. This is a pity as well as being 
a mistake, since Professor Daniel is 
at his roost eloquent when he can 
bring himself to talk about his 
vocation. When he describes those 
‘Shipwrecks of time” that have 
dominated his life, you see for the 
first time precisely what kind of 
man fte is. 

What does emerge dearly, for 
example, is his open-mindedness. 
In a profession that like any other 
has its fair share of pedants and 
bores, he seems to have retained 
both the scepticism and the sense of 
humour that are so necessary in the 
steady pursuit of any one goaL 

Although he passes over most 
recent controversies (he makes only 
one small reference to the battle 
between “classical archaeology” 
and “new archaeology”) he under- 
stands that archaeology, like all 
other quasi-scientific or “objective” 
disciplines, is in large part deter- 
mined by such subjective matters as 
individual temperament and belief 
the decay in evolutionary theory, so 
rigorously denied by its adherents, 
is evidence of that Professor Daniel 
himself seems to have accepted with 
some equanimity the complete 
change in the contemporary under- 
standing of megaliths; and his own 
understanding of the frailty of his 
colleagues seems to have prompted 
his interest in the subject of 

archaeological frauds and fakes. 

He is very good, for example, on 
what he describes as “bullshit 
archaeology”, the “ley-hunters and 
the pyramidiots”. 1 am sure his 
scepticism is in large part justified; 
but scepticism can be taken too far. 
These obsessive, credulous people 
are probably closer in spirit to the 
men and women of pre-history than 
are sceptical academics; it is possi- 
ble that, even if they are quite in the 
dark, they may occasionally stum- 
ble upon a solid truth. And while we 
are indulging in such non-academic 
speculations, we might as well point 
out that fraudulence and fakery 
seem not to be recognized as being 
as central to scientific discovery as 
parody and plagiarism are to liter- 
ary creation. 

Some Smalt Harvest does not 
deal with such matters, and in feet 
pretends to be nothing other than 
what it is — an amiable and slightly 
rambling tour d' horizon. In a sense 
this is an autobiography with the 
real life left out — the autobiogra- 
phy of a successful semi-public 
man, a quondam television person- 
ality, a professor. And yet from time 
to time the small Welsh boy, who 
was once fascinated by the remote 
past all around him, manages to 
peer out from these pages. You can 
almost see him marvelling at his 

British Bulldog’s 
finest hour 

The seventh volume ofManin 
Gilbert's immense biography 
of Churchill, the bulkiest so 
for. covers the period from 
Pearl Harbour to the end of 
the war in Europe at an 
average of thirty-three pages 
per month. Such amplitude 
may be palliated by the reflec- 
tion that this was the time 
when his hero's reputation 
reached its greatest height. 
The next volume will be time 
enough for “the selling sun. 
and music at the close”; this 
can end fittingly with 
Churchill's VE-Day perora- 
tion: “Advance, Britannia! 
Long live the cause of 

Research has been admira- 
bly thorough. Every page 
bears numerous references to 
official papers, and the facts 
can be relied on; but Martin 
Gilbert has also made copious 
use of more personal sources. 
He has drawn on the contem- 
porary records and subse- 
quent reminiscences of 
everyone who was close to 
Churchill, from secretary-typ- 
ists to Parliamentary col- 
leagues. His predecessor in the 
task. Randolph Churchill, be- 
gan to record interviews more 
than twenty years ago. The 
result is a vivid and convinc- 
ing narrative. 

Although this is not a 
history of the war. but strictly 
of Churchill's part in it. mili- 
tary operations naturally 
dominate the narrative. Mar- 
tin Gilbert would not. I think, 
claim to be a military histori- 
an; but he understands the 
principles of war very well. I 
was struck, for instance, by a 
footnote that suddenly 
showed how clearly he had 
grasped what the Italian cam- 
paign was about, a subject on 
which many have blundered. 
Churchill observes that the 
Italian surrender would force 
the Germans to form a front 
“on the Alps or the Po": 
Gilbert comments that it 
seemed then too much to hope 
that they could be “lured into 
fighting in Southern Italy”, ft 
was not until later that Chur- 
chill realized that the value of 
a secondary theatre lay in 
containing the enemy rather 
than gaining territory. 

In feet the book is an 
excellent basis for an informed 
judgment on Churchill as a 
strategist. He was undoubted- 
ly an infuriating one for his 
•advisers. He would become 
obsessed with one operation at 
the expense of all others. He 
convinced himself that the 
German war could only be 
won by landing in northern 
Norway, and the Japanese war 

David Hunt 

Winston S. Churchill. 
By Martin Gilbert 
lleinmann. £211 

by capturing northern Suma- 
tra: both wars were won 
without either operation. 
When it seemed possible that 
we might seize Rhodes he 
“worked himself into a frenzy 
of excitement” according to 
Brooke, who added “I can 
control him no more". This 
linked with his other and most 
frustrated obsession: to bring 
Turkey into the war. thus 
compensating for the great 
psychological damage he suf- 
fered over the Dardanelles. 
Bui Brooke was wrong. The 
contrast with the even more 
obsession-ridden Hitler was 
that Churchill would never, in 
the last resort, act indepen- 
dently ofhis military advisers. 
That was another lesson of the 

It will be more difficult after 
this volume to support the 
popular thesis that Churchill 
favoured a Mediterranean 
strategy over a cross-Channel 
operation and was opposed by 
the Americans. He is shown as 
insisting on an Overlord in 
1943 while Eisenhower called 
it “a drop in the bucket" and 
“unnecessary” compared with 
. the invasion of Italy. 

Contemporary preoccupa- 
tions have their influence. If 
Martin Gilbert had been writ- 
ing five years ago there would 
have been less on the treat- 
ment of Russians serving in 
the Wchrmacht and if ten 
years ago on the bombing of 
Dresden. The description of 
the Yalta Conference is per- 
suasively detailed, bringing 
out the full measure of 
Churchill's achievement, 
unhelped by the moribund 

Personalities are brightly 
delineated, though 1 miss 
Randolph's spicy potted biog- 
raphies. The greatest is natu- 
rally Churchill himself. After 
the most disillusioning of his 
grapplings with the reluctant 
Turks he said to his daughter 
Sarah, as she tucked him into 
bed. “The President of the 
Turks kissed me - twice. The 
trouble with me is that 1 am 
irresistible!" Such is indeed 
the impression left by this 
lively and well-documented 
account of the years of his 
greatest triumphs. 

'The most understanding introduction to Lawrence so far 


r~fiS T&***?* I 

•A first-class, entertaining encounter with Lawrence 

“Stimulating, often incisive, always fresh 


Abacus ) 




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Liberal assembly: Robin Oakley on the implications of the defence Vote; Ronald Butt on misfit Steel 




As a cabinet committee, considers 
its reponsc to the Peacock Report 
on broadcasting. 1 hear that it is 
not only the BBC’s The Monoded 
Mutineer that is stengdiening the 
case of those who wish to remove 
power from the ITV-BBC duop- 
oly. John Butcher, the Industry 
Minister, told me yesterday that 
he saw John Mortimer's series i 
Paradise Postponed, which has 
just started on 1TV, as more 
insidious than the H crude anti- 
patriotism" of Alan Bleasdale's 
Mutineer. He said: “This oily 
member of the TV establishment 
has made money for 15 years by 
eroding the self-confidence of the 
British. Now this up-raarkeipunfc 
is making another pile complain- 
ing about the loss of self-belief: 
Inevitably, he pokes elegant fun at 
loss of socialist conviction but the 
true venom is reserved for the 
portrayal of the Tory as ao out- 
and-out twit." Butcher's position 
is not academic. My moles tell me 
he has been co-opted on to the 
cabinet committee considering 
Peacock: one of its recommenda- 
tions is that the existing channels 
should be compelled to accept a 
certain percentage of material 
made by independent producers. 


The frantic rewriting of David 
Steel's closing speech to the 
Liberal assembly tomorrow, after 
his defeat in the nuclear weapons 
debate, has had its lighter mo- 
ments. I understand. Tongue-in- 
cheek. one of his advisers 
suggested the insertion of a phrase 
echoing his famous 1982 speech 
telling party members to return to- 
their constituencies and prepare 
for government. To indicate his 
anger, he should end. the idea 
went, with the words: “I have the 
pleasure in sajmg to you at the 
end of this conference, go back to 
your constituencies and think of 
ihc fathers you never knew." 
Steel's good taste, 
needless to say. got the better of 
the obvious relish for the sugges 



*In terms of world peace I'm all for 
dropping Trident, Polaris and Owen 


Tempers frayed in Eastbourne the ! 
other evening between Liberal 
peacenik MP Paddy Ashdown and 
. the CND leader. Bruce Kent The 
row began when Ashdown told a , 
fringe meeting that it made sense' 
for Britain and France to co- 
operate to reduce the number of 
nuclear weapons. Kent sat in the 
audience, took note of what was 
said, and then, at a later CND 
meeting, savaged his position. 
Reports quickly reached .Ash- 
down. who sought out his erst- 
while ally and harangued him all 
the way down the corridor of the 
conference hotel. **Hc said 1 
believed in a Euro-bomb, and of 
course I don't." Ashdown told me, 
denying as “wonderful embellish- 
ment'' accounts that he had 
chased Kent down the passage* 
Kent later admitted he had mis- 
understood .Ashdown and had ; 
written promising to correct the- 
mistake: “We were both very ; 
excited and it was a very high : 
tension evening." 

Visa vetoes 

One of the many journalists 
applying to the Ministry of De- 
fence to attend next week's funeral 
of (night Lieutenant Miguel 
Giminez, the Argentine pilot 
whose body was recently discov- 
ered in the Falklands. is Dr 
Guillermo Makin. Makin is a 
Cambridge don who also works 
for the Buenos .Aires newspaper 
Chinn and is the only accredited 
Argentine journalist working in 
Britain. He tells me that the 
government has already refused 
two previous requests to visit the 
islands — on the grounds that the 
timing was inappropriate — and he 
is not optimisticabout the chances 
now. George Foulkcs, the Labour 
foreign affairs spokesman recently 
in the Falklands. tells me: “Hav- 
ing journalists from Argentina 
visit the Falklands would allow 
the islanders’ views to be given 
greater coverage in .Argentina," 

Morning call 

The Reform Club's reputation for 
gentlemanly tranquillity was shat- 
tered when its fire alarm sounded 
at 2 am yesterday and continued 
ringing until five. At that point a 
City banker member, who was 
staying the night, gave up the 
unequal struggle to return to sleep, 
p iced his shaving kit and suit- 
case and left. At leasL it saved him 
the humiliating rush to be first in 
the queue for the bathrooms - the 
shortage of which. I hear, is 
another of the club's hazards- 


While euphoric Liberal activists 
were still cheering every gibe at the 
expense of the SDP and their own 
leader in Eastbourne's Congress 
Theatre late on Tuesday night 
David Steel and his parliamentary 
colleagues were attending what 
some called the gloomiest meeting 
of their careers. Alliance unity, 
they knew, was sundered: some 
believed the day had cost them up 
to a million potential votes. 

Steel's long time mentor. Lord 
Mackie. suggested that the party 
leader would be justified in quit- 
ting on the spot- New MPs such as 
Elizabeth Shields and Richard 
Livesey accused the rebels of 
disloyalty. Steel himself had to 
i tear up the speedt he had prepared 
for Friday as the long process 
began of repairing the damage. 

What had happened was what 
they had all feared: the underlying 
tension in the Alliance had broken 
through to the surface. The prob- 
lems of having two leadens with 
conflicting styles and motives and 
of cobbling together a policy to 
suit both ex-Labour right wingers 
who had left their former party 
over its fudging and mudging on 
defence and Liberal activisis 
brought up in a unilateralist 
tradition had proved too difficult 
to solve at one go. 

The problems first became 
apparent in September 1982 when 
the Liberals announced a pro- 
gramme calling for the phasing out 
of Britain's Polaris nudear deter- 
rent and opposing the deployment 
of cruise missiles. A month later 
an SDP discussion paper from a 
committee chaired by David 
Owen, not then the party leader, 
backed both the retention of 
Polaris and the deployment of 
cruise missiles. 

With both Alliance partners 
pledged to the removal of the 
Trident missile programme a 
compromise line was held at the 
1983 election. But the tension was 
there. In September 1984 the 
Liberal assembly backed a docu- 
ment called Uniting Jiir Peace 
which called for Nato to develop 
non-nuclear defence; for oppo- 
sition to the maintenance of an 
independent British nuclear deter- 
rent the removal of cruise mis- 
siles and the inclusion of Polaris in 
arms control negotiations. The 
SDP meanwhile was still commit- 
ted to keeping Polaris and to Nato 
maintaining its nuclear capacity. 

The process of closing the gap 

What sort of 
package is 
now in store? 

began with an important con- 
cession from former unilateralist 
Paddy Ashdown last year when he 
withdrew his opposition to cruise. 
But the real hope was the appoint- 
ment of an SDP/Libeial commis- 
sion to lay the basis for a joint 
policy on what was likely to be a 
key question at the next election. 

Shortly before the document 
was to be published to June a 
journalist interviewed Steel about 
its likely conclusions. As a result a 
story appeared in the Scottish 
press that the commission's report 
was to prove a defeat for Owen. 
Steel, who would have been 
prepared to take rectifying action 
immediately, failed to see the 
paper concerned the next day. 
Owen believed that the Liberals 
were trying to have a go at him. By 
coincidence, there was a meeting 
in Southport that weekend of the 
SDP*s Council for Social Democ- 
racy- at which Owen moved 
straight 'on to the attack. “I must 
tell you bluntly that I believe we 
should remain a nuclear weapon 
state". A few days later be went to 
Bonn and rubbed home die lesson 
with the assertion that France 
could not be allowed to be the only 
European nuclear was 
not just the Liberals whom Owen 
upset In his own party Shirley 
Williams and BUI Rodgers, im- 
patient already with the one-man 
band style of running die SDP. 
were furious and said he was 
making policy on the hoof. 

The Liberals reacted angrily in 
turn at their party council meeting 
in Wigan m June. There were 
angry accusations that Owen was 
trying to railroad them and 
Ashdown warned even then that 
the Alliance could be blown aparL 
There were bitter arguments be- 
hind the scenes between Steel and 
Owen and between Owen and bis 
Gang of Four colleagues. They aU 
told him he was refusing to 
practise the coalition politics 

which he preached. 

The clash became a public one 
when Steel' said, it would be 
nonsense for the SDP and Liberals 
to go into an election- with 
differing policies on defence. It 
would, he said, be “unacceptable 
to me and incredible to the 
electorate". But Owen countered 
that if he did not get what he called 
a "sound" defence policy then be 
was prepared to risk it 

As the Alliance Standing in the 
polls dropped, the two leaders 
eventually got their act together. 
They agreed to patch up between 
them the thorny question of the 
replacement of Polaris, a question 
left open by the joint com- 
mission’s report. They decided to 
concentrate on the stratagem of 
the minimum European deterrent, 
based on co-operation with the 
French over targeting and the 
refiting cycles of nuclear sub- 
marines. They coukl not believe 
their luck when they went to Paris 
and were greeted with genuine 
enthusiasm on the question by 
both government and opposition. 

The SDP conference went off 
sweetly, with Owen agreeing to go 
to the Liberal assembly to empha- 
size the disarmament aspects of 
the proposed policy. 

What went wrong was that they 
both underestimated the resent- 
ment by Liberal activists of what 
they saw as Owen's pre-empting 
the commission’s report before it 
had been published, forgetting 
that theiraccCptance of the report 
in itself represented a change of 
. attitude for the more doveish 
liberals, since it firmly backs a 
nudear Nato and ays nothing 
about the cancellation of cruise. 
You can only push a Liberal 
assembly so far at once. 

The battie essentially was one 
between the SDP and Steel against 
the suspidous Liberal activists, 
but Owen and Steel were so 
bowled over by their Paris recep- 

tion that they forgot to sell the 
minimum European deterrent to 
the Liberal rank and fife, to whom 
it was largely a new concept. They 
imagined that by raising the 
prospect of an early election they 
could whip the Liberals into line. 
They assumed that because last 
year's Liberal assembly revealed a 
new responsibility the character of 
the party had fundamentally 
changed. What both of them foiled 
to see was that while the SDP 
conference involved both the SDP 
and the Alliance the Liberal 
assembly remained precisely that: 
an assembly determined to lay 
down the Liberal line for negotia- 
tions with their partners. 

Steel became so confident of 
victory that he began to be more 
hawkish in every speech and 
interview, culminating in a tact- 
less address to Liberal candidates 
about modernizing Polaris the 
night before the crucial vote. 

Steel and bis associates were 
predktinga 2-1 margin of victory. 
They foigot that emotion has for 
more to do with winning assembly 
votes than does mere reason. They 
forgot the need of the Liberal 
assembly to let off steam to release 
the tension of working within the 
Alliance. Steel plans now to tackle 
the issue head on in his speech 
tomorrow and he can begin to 
improve the situation quite ' 
quickly. The Alliance MPs will get 
together as soon as Parliament 
resumes, and so will the liberal 
and SDP policy committees. The 
plan is to get a compromise fudged 1 
together to present to a conference 
of the two parties' candidates 1 
before Christmas to expunge the 
memory of Eastbourne as quickly 
as possible. 

The activists who voted against 
Steel on Tuesday do not necessar- 
ily reflect the Liberal Party nation- 
ally. Steel has ignored his 
assembly before and be wfll get his 
deal with Owen in the end. His 
slightly shamefaced MPs are 
pledged to help him get it But the 
question now is how much enthu- 
siasm there will be for that deal 
among the Liberals who will 
actually have to go out on the 
doorsteps and sell it at the next' 

And another, more funda- 
mental, problem is revived: are 
the Liberals seriously interested in 
winning power? 

Robin Oakley is political editor of 
The Tunes. 

Time for change * ’ 

at the top ; - 

Politics is all: Kenneth Minogue attacks a fashionable doctrine 

It is widely recognized that ideas 
have consequences. What is less 
widely recognized is that simple, 
rather philosophical ideas can 
have hidden and rather sinister 
consequences. In recent months, 
one familiar idea has been respon- 
sible for most of the prevailing 

This the doctrine which trips off 
the tongue in some such form as 
“you can’t keep politics out of* 
. . . sport, or religion, or Scholar- 
ship, or some other area about to 
be devastated by the speaker. 
These unfortunate activities are 
bagged together with politics 
rather in the way adulterers were 
once cast into the Tiber in snake- 
filled bags. And the outcome is no 
less dire. 

Simple confusion i$ the least of 
it Bishop Trevor Huddleston got 
himself into a tangle on television 
bn this issue recently. His version 
was. of course, the politics-and- 
religion package, leading him to 
remark: “The crucifixion was a 
highly political act." He didn't 
actually mean, as the excessively 
logical viewer might have thought, 
that if you want to express your 
religion, a spot of crucifixion 
might fit the bill. He merely 
intended an abstract doctrine with 
which to gloss the political activ- 
ities of priests in South Africa. 

But what is (his politics that 
cannot be kept out of anything? It 
certainly is not (he kind of politics 
that goes on at Westminster, 
which the British have mostly 
kept out of everything for centu- 
ries. Nothing is easier than to keep 
Neil Kinnock and Mrs Thatcher 
out of cricket, the Anglican Prayer 
Book, archaeology or the doctrine 
of the empty- tomb. It is a very 
special politics in which every- 
thing in the world is seen as locked 
in a mighty struggle for the 
replacement of one kind of 
domination by a new order. The 
Marxist version is the class strug- 
gle. which isn't politics at alL but 
an idea ofiimitiess war. 

Now it is true that, once there's 
a war on. it is hard to prevent 
hostile passions from spreading. 
They will turn up in the most 
remarkable places. Jacques 
Barzun once noted a French 
scientist during the First World 
War who demonstrated in his 
laboratory that German urine was 
more malodorous than French. It 
remains true, however, that civi- 
lized states attempt (not always 
with success) to keep innocent 
civilians out of the direct conflict 
and to respect those valuable 
spaces — prisoner of war camps, 
hospitals, etc — where the passion 
to smash the foe is excluded. By 
contrast, we recognize as barbar- 
ians those who treat such special 
areas with contempt, slaughter 
prisoners and bomb hospitals, 
indifferent to the destruction of 
the innocent. 

It is only when one begins to 
realize that the doctrine that you 
can't keep politics out of things is 
ready about war rather than 
pol itics that one can make sense of 
what actually happens. 

When, for example, the politics- 
and-scholarship package was in- 
voked to justify- excluding South 
African scholars from the recent 
archaeology congress at Southa- 
mpton it was to construe the 
campaign against apanheid as lire 
kind ot limitless war in which — 
tough luck — it is just not possible 
to spare innocent civilians. 

it's dear then that the doctrine 
that you can no i separate politics 
from anything else goes further 
than it looks. It refers not just to 
war. but to a kind of war 
conducted on principles of limit- 


B> ■ 

The Social Democrats are gen- 
erally presented as the sensible 
and straightforward party and the 
Liberals as silly, idealistic and 
unrealistic. There is something in 
ibis- If they were free to act on 
their own. the Social Democrats 
and their leader would be offering 
policies which accorded more 
clearly with the hard feels of the 
real world than those which have 
generally been characteristic of the 

Yet the old notion of SDP sense 
and the Liberals' silly sensibility 
has been stood on its head by the 
Liberal assembly’s rebuff to its 
leader, David Steel, over his 
nuclear defence policy. Only ifit is 
right for a party to go to me 
country offering an unreal policy 
devised purely for its own tactical 
purposes is it possible to argue 
rationally that the Liberals were 
wrong, thinking as they da to 
reject it 

Bui the Liberals are not only 
revealed as politically more hon- 
est than their leadership. They 
also acted sensibly,, even in the 
narrow terms of Alliance self- 
interest when they shattered the 
fragile compromise manufactured 
by David Steel and David Owen 
to hide the deep divisions between 
their parties over nudear defence. 
For that policy of looking to a 
European minimum deterrent to 
succeed Polaris could well have 
been discredited just as the general 
election was looming, leaving the 
two parties more dangerously 
vulnerable than ever. 

Owen, of course, understands 
all the problems of feasibility 
attached to a policy which seems 
to depend on a deal over the 
French deterrent at probably too 
high a cost for a weapon less 
effective but perhaps not much 
cheaper than Trident Even so, it 
was not fundamentally dishonest 
of Owen and his party logo along 
with this formula in full awareness 
of its fragility. For they were at 
least acting in the interest Of 
keeping alive within the Alliance 
the defence policy they really 
believe in. the maintenance of a 
British nuclear deterrent after 
Polaris, unless progress in agreed 
international nudear ; . disarm- 
ament were to justify a change of 
policy. Yet even for the SDP there 
was great rid; in a policy which 
was designed simply to hide the 
differences between the two par- 
ties until the votes were garnered. 

For the majority of Liberals do 
not believe in any sort of nudear 
defence. So ifOwen and Steel were 
to find themselves holding the 
balance of • power in a hung. 
parliament it is perfectly possible 
that Steel might find behind him a 
majority of his own Liberals (for 
whp knows which candidates will 
be the lucky ones?) who. would 
reject any extension of nuclear 
policy, and where would the 
Alliance be then? 

Meanwhile, the fundamentally 
unsatisfactory nature of David 
Steel's relationship with his party 
has been reveded by his wriggling 
after his assembly defeat For then 
he immediately began to aigue. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Keeping out 
the new 

less ferocity. Take, for example, 
the declaration by the PLO in the 
early 1970s that tourists to Israel 
constituted “legitimate targets" 
for guerrilla attack. 

What the doctrine means in 
practice is that you cannot sepa- 
rate politics from innocence, 
which is why Nicholas Danfloff is 
currently holed up in the US 
embassy in Moscow. It is not so 
long since the principle of hostage- 
taking was actually enshrined in 
the Soviet constitution. Seen in 
this light, die doctrine is un- 
mistakably barbarism with a mild 

Barbarism is an emotive word, 
and it needs to be if civilization is 
to remain vital. For out of 
barbarism we all came, and to 
barbarism we shall revert if we 
don't keep our wits about us. A 
barbarian is someone who. in 
pursuit of a current impulse, win 
violate any principle and oblit- 
erate any distinction. 

Tbc nicest kind of barbarians 
are our children, who come into 
this world conscious of nothing 
but their overweaning impulses, 
and must be taught to walk quietly 
in school corridors, not to whistle 
in church and to take off their 
muddy boots before entering the 
drawing room. Education is very 
largely a process in which the 
young learn to distinguish the 
different spaces and values of a 
complex civilization. By contrast, 
the barbarians who invaded Brit- 
ain during the first miUenium had 
never come into contact with 
these complexities. They were 
eventually civilized by the church, 
but ft was a bloody business. 

The importance of Christianity 
in that particular episode reminds 
us that the most tragic victims of 
the inseparability of politics doc- 
trine are the gullible churchmen 
who go in for the polincs-and- 
rcligjon package. The reason is 
that they are betraying the very 
origins of civilization itself a 
condition which began to emerge 
as the religious impulse became 
strong enough to mark off certain 
places as holy and sacred. 

Even the basic distinction be- 

tween the public and private 
spheres of life was subsequent to 
this kind of religious spaciaJizing. 
In time, people acquired great 
confidence and fluency in setting 
up special domains, ranging from 
universities and tennis dubs to 
Virginia Woolfs Room of Her 
Own. Civilization consists in the 
multiplication of such special 
places, often with their own 
particular dress, rules, and some- 
times even forms of speech. 

Schools and universities were 
unthinkable until priests had 
established the custodianship of 
more fundamental places. An 
academic congress is thus an 
extension of the religions sphere 
am) should be outside the realm of 
political judgements since it 
perpetuates those elements of 
sanctuary and asylum which the 
Church developed during the 
Middle Ages. 

. From this point of. view it is 
depressing that even those out- 
raged at the intrusion of politics 
into the archaeology congress at 
Southampton made so much of 
the feet that the excluded South 
African was an opponent of 
apartheid. No doubt this is a 
virtue, but i! is a virtue irrelevant 
to the nub of the matter, which is 
that an academic congress is not a 
vulgar political punch-up; nor are 
people normally invited to such a 
congress according to some cur- 
rent test of righteous political 

If one were to look for some 
political benefit from an academic 
occasion, then the case for having 
South African scholars would 
actually be stronger if they were 
supporters of the dreaded apart- 
heid. For unless one regards 
unrighteous opinions with super- 
stitious dread as forms of disease 
against which we are helpless, we 
must assume that contact with 
more liberal opinion would at 
least loosen some elements of 
what is a pretty vulnerable creed. 

After 1945. for example, politi- 
cal purists agitated for the boycott 
of ail things Spanish in order to 
express detestation of the Franco 
regime. The peoples of Europe, 
with a fine democratic instinct. 

took no notice, and poured into 
Spain year after year. They locked 
it in a positive bear-hug of 
economic and social ties from 
which in large measure resulted 
the steady transformation of the 
regime and. eventually, Spain's 
transition to democracy. 

A man with a refreshing grip on 
civilized distinctions was, as it 
turns out. the late Field Marshal 
Rommel. The story is told of his 
meeting an Australian officer in 
the Western Desert, and saying: 
“This is not your war. why are you 
here? Are you here for the sport?" 
The notion that a single activity, 
even one like war. might be waged 
in different spirits, is not one 
likely to occur to the ideological 
campaigner bent on barbarizing 
the world. Such a person can 
recognize nothing except a grind- 
ing and righteous antipathy to 
whatever he has come to think of 
as evil. The old principle that one 
must bate the tin but love the 
sinner cuts no ice. 

In the case of those Common- 
wealth governments which in- 
voked the pohtics-and-sport pack- 
age and boycotted the Common- 
wealth Gaines in an attempt to 
bend the policy of the British 
government, the form of bar- 
barism lies in the insistence that 
all the subjects of a ruler must toe 
the same line. Such regimes turn 
their own subjects into hostages 
against the required behaviour of 
a foreign state. And in the end. 
what did they achieve, except the 
serious weakening of support for 
the Commonwealth? , 

Indeed, virtually all the shifts ! 
and rums of a barbarous attitude j 
to the world — the terrorism, the \ 
boycotts, the righteousness, all the 
indiscriminating expressions of 
hate and persecutory zeal — must, 
in a sense, be rather pure emo- 
tions. because they seldom have 
the justification of effectiveness. 
One is tempted to think that what 
lies behind this new form of 
barbarism is a despairing attempt 
to come to terms with a civiliza- 
tion which imposes great strain 
upon some people, especially the 
simpler kind of intellectual • 

But of course what is ineffective 
at its own level may have serious 
consequences in spreading bar- 
barous practices generally. It is 
thus important' to remember that 
when people say you can't keep 
politics out of religion, or sport, or 
anything else, they arc wrong. We 
can keep anything out of anything 
if we are determined enough: if we 
arc noL we shall soon cease to be 
what we are. 

The author is professor of political 
science at the London School of 

Doleful? Take 
your cue here 

Careers comer today, and we are 
lucky indeed to have the sendees 
of Lord Manpower to give advice 
to all those who have written in. 
As chairman of 48 advisory 
employment agencies, be is 
uniquely placed to put his experi- 
ence at our disposal. 

I would fike to have 48 jobs like 
you. Lord Manpower. How do I go 
about it? I don't have any at the 
moment . — TH of Paddington. 
WeH, for a start, you don’t call 
them jobs, you call them posts. 
For another thing, you should 
have a title of some sort. In my 
own case, my parents had the 
forethought to christen me with 
the unusual fust name of Lord, 
but the more normal course is to 
become an embarrassment to the 
government and be kicked up- 
stairs to the House ofLords. As an 
unemployed person, you are an 
embarrassment to the govern- 
ment; you should write to them, 
explaining your posxtion.- 
Whesever I go sw im m in g at my 
local pool 1 can't help riimWng 
how easy St must be to become a 
lifeguard, as they at around aD 

Good Lord, yes. They do three 
weeks training in blowing whistles 
at people, another in twirling their 
whistles on a string, three weeks 
shouting at people who can't hear 
them, and two weeks training in 
sitting at the top of tall ladders 
without foiling off They also leant 
how to swim in tracksuits, which 
is all they ever wear. 

It seems to be taken for granted 
that spies have to work for one of 
the big powers. But in the old days, 
® Sberfodc Holmes's stories, for 
Instance, the agents were aD free- 
lance, selling to ti* highest bidder. 
Gan one become an independent 
spy? - DB of Leeds. 

A self-employed spy? Well, it's 
certainly possible, though I have 
to point oiit that if .you are 
captured, there wfll be nobody you 
can be swapped for. The best plan 
is to travel by rail as much as 
possible, looking for -those secret 
papers that civil servants are 
always leaving on the seats,- then 
selling them to the Sunday papers. 
If you don't find any. you can 
always make some up. I believe 
that is what ordinary agents do 
most erf* the time. 

I would like to work as a busker do * 
a busy high street, but there seem 
to be too many bye-tows against ft. 
Any ideas? — PC of Epsom. 

Yes. Get yourself registered as: a 
shop selling jeans. These are 
allowed to spill loud music into 
the high street — at least, the 
police seem powerless to stop 

How do I become one of the 48 
sc r ip twri te r s credited after every 
new wave comedy show on TV? — 
JW of Clapham. 

You go to university with the 

I didn't go to university. How dal 
ret a drama series mi teteviswn?— 

SK of Devon. 

You go to a television company 0 
with an idea for a drama series. • 
Thqy tell you that it is protnisug 
bui that unfortunately it won’t fit 
in their budget. Later you turn on 
your TV and see your dramaserips 
being produced. Unfortunately it 
is under somebody eise's name. 

I would like to boy some farmland 
bow the price has fallen so 
drastically. How should I use it? - 
l C of Whustabie. - 
Don’t for heaven sake, make the 
mistake of growing anything.- That 
way ruin lies. P e rsonally, I would 
binid a replica of Stonehenge and 
make your property a haven for 
nippies and Americans. 

I have a gift for foretelling fte 
afore, and I have just received # 
advance notice that the Alliance ' 
vriU be swept to power, at a snap 
tkdwa to be held early next year. 
How can I capitalize on tins 
knowledge? - BD of Birmingham. 
Never mind about that. Who wfll 
win ibe 3.40 at Ascot today? 

Are yon the same “Smelly** Man- 
power who was with me in the 
scab form at Earidown School? 
gewas a rather cokrarfess, boripg, 
owctwl hoy with tone 
held together with sticky .tape.' If 
so, how did job erer get to where - 
are now? - HJ of Rugby. *- 

By being bonng, ineffectual and 
colourless, of course. I now have 
contact lenses. By the way, if you 
arenas I suspect — “Spotty" 
Jones, I would like my protractor 
Oder back, as I am npw 
c^rmmr of several important 
Channel Turuie) committees. “ 

(Do you have any career problems? 
Just write Jo "SmcUe” Manpower). 

not only that the Libmte ha&rt 
really voted to abolish Potans 
straight away, but also 
Owen-Steel idea had never meant 
-replacing" Polaris (which hd 
seems ro imoly must mean some- 
tog more powerful) but Simply 
required extending its lunctton by 
following it with something pew 
haps no less powerful, a* though aft 

less effective nuclear weapon 
somehow makes it morally ,au 

*By blowing up this compromise 
the Liberals have shed a harsh and 
unhappy light on their leader, and 
not amply because to gjowto 
underestimated the strength of 
opinion against him. The Liberals 
are an idealistic party- toot 
leader too is a man who passes 
every litmus test on a range of 
issues which can conveniently be 
used for identifying a “pro- 
gressive": indeed, his own basic 
instincts have always been to* 
wards a non-nuclear policy tor 
Britain. But he is also one (Mr 
nature’s natural pragmausto in the 
search for power. He came into the 
Liberal Party principally beta use 
he was interested in issue politics, 
but he would have joined Labour 
but for its extremist left. He is. 
indeed: a natural social democrat 
of the old Labour variety, though 
not of the new SDP variety. . . 

He isa man of the Sixties, with 
every dicto of that woebegone era 
as his intellectual baggage. He 
much enjoyed his flirtation with 
political influence during the Lib- 
Lab pact which gave his party the 
appearance but not the reality of 
influence.. , & 

On. Tuesday the assembly P 
passed a motion which would ti£ 
the leader’s handsin any coalition 
negotiations by obliging him to 
work with a negotiating team, 
including elected representatives 
of the parliamentary party (to 
which they would have to repeat 
track for approval) as well as to 
consult the officers of the party in 
the country. What it was all about 
was proportional representation 
which the Liberals fear might be 
traded away for power and a few 
vague promises; as indeed it might 
well have to be. Indeed, why 
should this be the only untradabte^ 
question; how could it be, ifOwen" 
is to achieve his ends bf ensuring 
that the voters blamed one of rite 
older parties if there had to be h 
second election? 

But, knowing the strength of 
feeling. Seed had his- chief whip 
reiterate that "PR was - a 
prerequisite" as indeed it formally 
has to be. But the truth is that his 
party does not trust Steel to reflect 
Liberal wishes (a speaker who said 
they didn’t have to persuade him 
tooonsuft his party was hissed:) 

The- Liberals will give their 
leader a huge ovation when he 
addresses the assembly. But they 
could well do with a more 
representative leader and David 
Steel could do with a more 
suitable party. He may be its head 
but he is not its souL That is ihe - 
harsh troth that the Liberals take"' 
away from Eastbourne, and it 
bodes the Alliance no good. 

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: UP 

30 . 

In his address to the United 
Nations General Assembly on 
Monday President Reagan 
look as his cue a truism which 
cannot be repeated loo often: 
nations do not mistrust each 

Mother because they are armed; 
they are armed because they 
mistrust each other. It is a 
truism that is especially ap- 
posite at present, when the 
conclusion of the first East- 
West arms control agreement 
for seven years has coincided 
with a telling manifestation of 
the East-West divide, the 
Daniloff affair. 

That the arrest of Nicholas 
Daniloff has not so far im- 
peded the slow resuscitation of 
US-Soviet dialogue has been 
applauded in many quarters. 

.^Vords like maturity, common 
sense, proportion, and prior- 
ities have been bandied about. 

Since his arrival in New 
York a week ago, the Soviet 
Foreign Minister has pre- 
served a conciliatory facade, 
he has absorbed America’s 
public anger over Daniloff. he 
has appeared before President 
Reagan for what appeared to 
be a reprimand. He has de- 
clined to be drawn on the 
expulsion of 25 Soviet dip- 
lomats to the UN. 

_ His conduct has been a far 
^ cry from the all or nothing — 
talk on Soviet terms or not at 
all — approach of the late 
Gromyko years. Mr 
Shevardnadze has behaved 
like the international states- 
man the Soviet Union needs. 
It is a kind of progress. 

Yet the progress has been 
achieved so for in two limited 
arenas and by two different 
means and it is not necessarily 
transferable. Progress has been 
achieved, first during Mr 
*4 Shevardnadze’s visit to the 
United States by the. simple 
tactic of removing the fate, of 
Nicholas Daniloff so far as 
possible from the public stage 
and continuing the discussion 
of such weighty matters as the 
role of ihe United Nations, 
East-West arms control and 

the next* Reagan -Gorbachov 
summit meeting as though the 
Daniloff case did not exist 

If those tactics bring about 
the release of the American 
journalist without exposing 
more foreign citizens in Mos- 
cow to the risk of becoming 
hostages, they ' may be ac£ 
judged successful. But there is 
as yet no guarantee that the 
Soviet Union will sacrifice the 
equivalence, once won, be- 
tween their UN employee 
Zakharov and Daniloff and 
this must be sacrificed if 
hostage-taking is to be de- 

The second arena of 
progress, the Stockholm talks 
on confidence-building mea- 
sures. could be stalled almost, 
as soon. The agreement is a 
classic diplomatic document 
on a matter of mutual conve- 
nient. . 

. It incorporates .concessions 
from both sides, including the 
acceptance by the Russians — 
for the time being at least — of 
the fact that the British and 
French nuqlear warheads 
should not be reckoned in the 
Soviet-US equation. It has 
codified the current state pf 
East-West trust and estab- 
lished it at a slightly higher 
level than before: But it cannot 
create trust where iione exists, 
nor can it transfer trust to 
other .East-West forums of 
discussion. \ ; V 

Earlier this year in Berne, 
the meeting on human con- 
tacts — the human rights 
counterpart of the Stockholm 
meeting — broke tip without 
agreement when die United 
States vetoed the final docu- 
ment Many European repre- . 
sematives felt betrayed, and ■ 
expressed the belief that a less . 
than satisfactory agreement 
was better than none: Dissent- ' 
eis in Eastern Europe, ’how- ' 
ever, communicated .their 
relief that a false impression of 
East-West understanding on 
human rights had not been 
conveyed by a half-hearted 
compromise. Similar prob- 

lems will arise later, this au- 
tumn at Geneva when the 
missile-counting arms talks 
come up against President 
Reagan’s Strategic Defence 
Initiative. ■ 

The combination of tech- 
nical sophistication and the 
cosmic unknown arouses in 
Soviet officials still a sense of 
insecurity and perhaps inad- 
equacy which makes com- 
promise unlikely. And it was 
the SD1 for which the Soviet 
Foreign Minister reserved his 
harshest words at the United 
Nations on Tuesday. ‘ 

■ But the American side at 
Geneva is not being helped by 
die lukewarm support of its 
Naio allies for the concept of 
the SD! (other.than as a source 
of research funds), still less by 
the halfheartedness with which 
some people in some Nato 
countries, Britain included, 
view their long-term obliga- 
tions to the Alliance. When it 
comes to the good repair of 
alliance cohesion, building 
confidence at Stockholm is an 
easier- task than negotiating 
mutual security at Geneva. 

In this context, it is under- 
standable that the US Defence 
Secretary, Caspar Weinberger, 
should openly express his 
country’s concern that a future 
British. Labour Government 
would, relinquish Britain’s 
nuclear capacity. His remarks 
were prompted by a Panorama 
inquiry, not issued as a dip- 
lomatic demarche. And it is 
not unreasonable that both 
Labour politicians and, more 
important, the voters should 
harbour no illusions about the 
consequences of a non-nuclear 
policy. .. | 

But the feet that Mr 
-We inb erger's" remakrs ' were- 
leaked in a delicate . 
moment in East-West diplo- - 
macy may! both suggest and' 
provoke a lack of trust among 
allies. At a time when Soviet 
diplomacy is showing un- 
wonted sophistication, that 
could rebound to., 
Washington’s disadvantage. 


Conservative Education Sec- 
retaries. from whatever wing 
of the party they come, tend to 
be dragged by brute necessity 
to the same conclusion. The 
best way of releasing addi- 
tional resources to improve 
education is to make changes 

* in our uniquely generous sys- 
tem of grants for students’ 
living expenses. 

The history of student loans 
is a chequered one. Labour 
looked seriously at the- 
possibility in the 1970s. Sir 
Keith Joseph twice pul pro- 
posals before Cabinet, once in 
this Parliament and once in 
the last. Now Kenneth Baker is 
again raking over the coals. 

These recurrent attempts to 
put student loans on the 

* political map suggest how 
compelling is the logic which 
drives Education Secretaries in 
this direction. They are boxed 
in on so many fronts — by 
their lack of direct influence 
over local authority admin- 
istration of three quarters of 
the service, by fluctuations in 
pupil numbers, by the continu- 
ing pressure on public spend- 
ing totals - that the prospect 
of releasing funds which have 
nothing to do with education 
directly to improve the quality 
of teaching and of learning is 
distinctly alluring. 

. as well as educational 

■ attractions, there are economic 
and fiscal ones. The task of 
keeping public spending under 
control in order to contain 
borrowing and reduce taxes 
inevitably gets harder year by 
Year. The process of taking 

If our society has seemed a 
divided one for the last quarter 
of a century, the fault must he 
with Yorkshire County 
Cricket Club and ns most 
celebrated player. Ii has .not 
been an issue of the Red Rose 
versus the White, the haves 
and the have-nots, or the 
North against the South. It has 
bwnaSsc of whether every 

decent Englishman (or 
woman) has been for Geoffrey 
Bovcott or against him. 

Bear that in mind and his 
dismissal this week by the 

county he has a,wa >' s h ^5 
proud to call this own should 
cultivate a wistful w .or 
Whatever the rights and 
■ wrongs of it summers will 
“«n. quite the same 

ag Thii he is ai leas, partly to 

blame for the con^y 
which has always cloudcd his 

illustrious career 

aucstion. He has in his time 
refused to play f° r England 
apparently piqued at not be- 

.salami Sices off the,, whole 
range of public spending pro- 
grammes is one which tends to 
maximise political discomfort . 
while minimising returns to 
the Treasury. To make 
progress the Government has 
to change the way in which 
whole services are provided, or . 
financed by giving the private . 
sector a larger role and the 
taxpayer a smaller one. . _ : 

Nor are the politics al- 
together unattractive. • While 
free marketeers are keen to see 
greater choice and responsibil- 
ity returned to consumers of 
further education, those on the 
left can see the injustice of 
transferring money from the- 
average taxpayer to a class of 
people who over their lifetime 
will generally earn a higher 
than average income. . 

To the extent that parental 
contributions to student 
maintenance may be replaced 
by loans the change will also be 
welcomed by parents. It was, 
after all. the rise in parental 
contributions which prompted 
the revolt of the shires in the 
autumn of 1984. Even stu- 
dents may welcome the greater 
dependability and indepen- 
dence granted, or at least 
implied, by funding from out- 
side the home. 

But there are mqjor political 
obstacles, too. and these will 
have to be overcome in the 
design of the scheme if loans 
are to gain acceptance where 
they have foiled so often 
before. The objection to loans 
is perhaps seen most clearly 
among those self-made 


ing appointed captain — has 
disqualified himself less di- 
rectly by playing a winter’s 
cricket in South Africa and, on 
one notorious occasion in 
India, has walked away from a 
match pleading sickness, only 
to be subsequently discovered 
quietly playing golf. It has not 
been the kind of conduct to 
endear him to the England 

selectors. ... 

But Boycott has been soil 
less popular with his fellow 
players. He has been accused 
of dullness at the crease and 
dourness away from it, of 
playing for himself rather than 
for his team, of a selfish 
dedication to his cricketing 
career, and of being 
unacceptably professional. 

At 45 years of age. however, 
he remains a rare cricketer. To 
be sacked by his county after 
topping its batung averages 
again (he averaged over 50 this 
season) seems a curious way to 
go Is he really that unplay- 
fbic? Industry, ' politics, fi- 

Thatcherite supporters who 
would generally support 
whole-heartedly any switch 
from public to private finance, 
or from grant to loan, but who 
are hesitant about a change, 
which they see as denying to 
others a chance to better 
themselves which they them- 
selves enjoyed. 

Student loans do not, in fact, 
kick away the ladder of 
opportunity. Successful stu- 
dentsavill have no difficulty in 
repaying them and should 
know this-in advance. Here the 
experience of other countries 
is significant Loans do not 
seem to deter highly motivated 
young people from poorer 
families in die US. 

If, moreover, they cause 
potential students to think 
more carefully about the bal- 
ance of advantage to them of a 
course of higher education, 
that might be no bad thing. It 
would be a positively good 
thing if loans persuade them to 
compare the relative long-term 
advantages of different 
courses — especially since 
courses attracting commercial 
sponsorship will gain a relative 
advantage. But these concerns 
aigue in favour of generous 
terms and perhaps safety nets 
for graduates who fall on, hard 

Public expenditure savings 
could be some years in coining 
through. Initially public 
spending could even be higher 
if a proportion of parental 
contributions is replaced. But 
if the Treasury wants to win 
the war it must be prepared to 
throw away the first skirmish. 

nance are worlds peopled (if 
not entirely) by extremely 
“professional” persons, whose 
contributions to the nation’s 
well-being go unquestioned. 
Moreover, to dismiss Boycott 
on the grounds that he is 
blocking the path of advance- 
ment for younger promising 
players is an explanation 
which makes little sense out- 
side Yorkshire. Nor is it easy 
to understand why he should 
be penalized for making runs 
slowly, when at least he makes 
plenty of them. 

This nation's cricket 
grounds have surely not seen 
the last of Geoffrey Boycott, 
which must mean that we have 
not heard the' last of him 
either. This is a happy thought 
on which to end. Whatever 
one 'may have thought of this 
enigmatic cricketer, the last 24 
years would have been the 
poorer without him. To be 
stumped by his own county 
side must make him feel rather 
hard done by. 

Standing in the 
way of customs 

From Mr L Landau 
Sir. I recently returned from a 
Caribbean ' cruise, arriving at 
terminal 4. London Airport, at the 
same time as perhaps another six 
jumbo jcis. ■'■ 

On entering the ’’red” customs 
channel 1 found only one customs 
officer in attendance and. six 
people waiting to be dealt with. 

Ten minutes later the queue had 
not moved and it become clear- 
that it would take at least another 
hour to get through. Being im- 
patient. I went to the customs 
office to enquire why it was that 
there was only one officer in 
attendance at -what was supposed 
to be the leading airport terminal 
in Europe and pointed out to the 
chief customs officer that there 
were three officers, ostensibly hot 
doing anything, watching the pas- 
sengers pass through the “green” 
section. • 

As a result of my intervention 
these officers were brought into 
the “ red” section and the short 
queue was quickly disposed of.- .. 

The senior customs officer then 
asked me to accompany him .into 
the “green", section to see for 
myself that there was not a. single 
officer on duty and that, as a 
result, anyone with contraband 
could enter the United Kingdom 
without risk of detection. I was 
told that because of a shortage of 
staff this was quite a common 

If the Government is really 
determined to stop the smuggling 
of drugs . Into this country some- 
thing must be done to improve the 
customs services at buf : major 
airports, h is ludicrous thaita total 
of four- or five customs officers 
should be in attendance to handle 
ihe many thousands of passengers 
arriving at London Airport in any 
one hour. 

The temptation for someone 
with the odd bottle ‘of Scotch in 
excess of his allowance to pass 
through the' “green” rather than 
the “red” channel is under- 
standable, particularly when he 
.may be detained for an hour or so 
to pay the duty. 

‘My ’plane carried a farce num- ' 
.ber of fellow passengers from my . 
cruise ship: Most went through the. 
-“green" channel, buta-fcw-of us - 
took up valuable time of customs 
officers wbo could have been 
better employed. 

Yours faithfully 
L. LANDAU, Director, 

Dolphin Maritime St Aviation 
Services, Ltd, 

Ship and aircraft brokers, 

125/129 High Street,. 

Edgware. Middlesex^ 

September 22. 

&, , 8 — 

Third World patois 

From Mr Manin Weston 
Sir, . Mr McCrum’s ‘ optimism 
about the future of English (Spec- 
trum, September 1 7) seems to me 
to be very insecurely based- Lei it 
be admitted straight away that we 
are here in the realm of specula- 
tion, with only language history to 
serve as a possible pointer; but 
your correspondent does not ad- 
' duce any Evidence to counter Dr 
Burchfield's view that English will 
become increasingly fragmented, 
an opinion which can at. least 
derive some support from the 
history of Latin. 

Mr McCrum argues that forces 
of standardisation (impliedly not 
available to the Romans) will 
prevent English from disintegrat- 
ing completely, although he 
recognises that powerful local 
varieties of the language will 
continue to develop. 

At this point his vision of the 
future becomes difficult to grasp: 
“Recognising a plurality of En- 
glish today, we get closer to the 
world's view of English.” • • 

Whatever that means in prac- 
tice, Mr McCrum has not appar- 
ently considered the ill effects of 
standardisation itself. From long 
; experience of working as a linguist 
in an international environment 
in which English is the main 
lingua franco, as it is to an even 
greater extent in the world as a 
whole. I am convinced that 
standardisation — i.e., reduction 
to the lowest common denomi- 
nator — is a for worse threat to all 
forms of English than creative 

Yours faithfully. ■ 


16 rue des Horticulteurs, 

67000 Strasbourg. France. 
September 1 8. 

Bath, sin city? 

From the Leader of Bath City 

Sir, I was sorry to read (September 
1 5) of Mr Pearce's experience with 
certain hooligans during a visit he 
made to our city earlier this year. 

We have around a million 
visitors a year to Bath from all 
over the world. The overwhelming 
response of these people is that 
they enjoy their visit and can walk 
. freely here, both before and after 
dark, without feeling at risk. This 
is especially appreciated by our 
visitors from America. 

It is true that, in common with 
many other cities, Friday and 
Saturday nights are busy and there 
arc occasional incidents which we 
could well do without. Police 
mobile and foot patrols are in- 
creased at these times. 

. The city and police are not 
complacent. I can assure your 
readers that the centre of Bath will 
not be surrendered to ’loughs”. 
Mr Pearce's experience will .re- 
main the exception rather than the 

Yours faithfully. 


Bath City Council. 


Bath. Avon. 

September. 19. 

Extra charge for church repairs 

From Sir Edward Ford . more than it gives in gr 

Sir, On September 15 you printed 
a photograph of By Cathedral and 
disclosed that £4 million was the 
minimum sum needed for its basic 
repair, including £800,000 for the 
roof of the knave {sic). What your 
readers may not realise is that the 
knave jn this pack is the Govern- 
ment. If £4 million is raised, and 
spent on these repairs, 1 5 per cent, 
or £6 00.000. will be mulcted in 
VAT. The same fete awaits Salis- 
bury Cathedral, where VAT up to 
a sum of.£900.000 will have to be 
paid from the £6 million which the 
public is being asked .to subscribe 
for the repair of the spire. 

The Historic Churches 
Preservation Trust, together with 
its sister charity. The Incorporated 
Church Building Society, attempts 
to help with the repair costs of 
churches, and chapels, which are 
usually for beyond the capacity of 
their congregations to defray. Last 
year, some 265 such buildings, 
were aided by grants and loans in 
this way to the tune of £565.000. 
Al^, such p sum is not even 
sufficient to pay the VAT exacted 
which, in the same period, last 
year amounted to over £ I million. 

.It. is. of course, true that the 
' Government, '.through English 
Heritage, makes grams towards 
the cost of these repairs where the 
buildings are of sufficient histori- 
cal dr architectural merit; though 
not to cathedrals, which are 
outside its limit These grants, 
given to nearly 500 ecclesiastical 
buildings last year, amounted to 
some £4 million. . 

:h is estimated, however, that 
the total sum expended in any one 
year on the repair of churches and 
chapels is over £5Q million,. from 
which between £6 million' and £7 
m illion is paid to the Government 
in VAT. The Government, tfiere- 
. fore, receives in VAT from the 
repair of churthes considerably 

Pressures on NHS 

From Mr Ray Whitney. MP for 
Wycombe (Conservative) 

Sir, Mark McCarthy’s article 
("Politicians can harmyour health 
service”, September' 17) is a 

standard indeed -classic- — 

example of the views on the NHS. 
held' by health service insiders 
.which- J- cncbuhiered Yery_ fre-; 
quently during my twelve months 
as a health minister, viz., an 
adequate analysis of the problems, 
but a failure to propose solutions 
which really measure up to what is 

- Mr McCarthy suggests that 
general practice needs serious 
attention, ll is getting it in 
Norman Fowler’s consultation ex- 
ercise on the proposals in his 

-primary health care discussion 
document — with a disappoint- 
ingly negative reaction so far from 
the BMA. 

He is wrong to say that health 
education hardly exists, but cer- 
tainly there is great scope for 
making the Health Education 
Council much more effective and 
1 was privileged to play a part in 

Clearing the air 

From Mr A r . Wat arson and Mr 
Tony Paterson - 

Sir. We welcome the announce- 
ment (report. September 1 2) of the 
£600 million. 10-year programme 
to curb at last the CEGB’s 
contribution to Scandinavia’s 
haunting acid rain tragedy, but it 
is very much a starting point. It 
win not be enough to clear the air 
politically or environmentally. A 
foster, larger programme of “retro- 
fitting” our coal-fired power sta- 
tions is essentiaL 

Joining the 30 per cent club (as 
advocated within the DoE but 
vigorously resisted even now by 
the CEGB) is the minimum 
political step necessary for inclu- 
sion in a comprehensive green 
package in the next Conservative 
manifesto. Since Britain has al- 
ready cut back its national sulphur 
emissions by 23 per cent since 
■ 1 980, we have only to cut another 
7 per cent by 1993 to reach the 

Rugby violence . . 

From Mr J. /. Brennan 
Sir. Whilst I • admire David 
Hands’s co m me n ts on David 
Bishop’s conviction for violence 
on the Rugby field (September 6), 

I thought he might have addressed 
himself to the reasons for the 
unquestionable increase of vi- 
olence in Rugby Union football. 

I played first-class Rugby, some 
of it at international level, be- 
tween 1950 and 1 961; most of my 
games were at light-head prop. In 
all that lime 1 sustained only one 
serious injury, the fault being 
mine — a case of slipshod tech- 
nique on my part in a tackle. 

There were, of course, punch- 
ups — in such a game the 
occasional flare-up of temper is 
inevitable. Bui what 1 do run recall 
is the kind of deliberate assault for 
which Bishop ha* been convicted: 
or what happened.' some years ago. 
to J.P-R. Williams at the hands of 
the All Blacks. Certainly when I 
played, if a tackled player did not 
release the ball as the laws require 
I would have had no hesitation in 
encouraging him to do so another 
way. What I would not have done 

— and I never saw such a thing 
done - was to kick him in the face 
or the groin or the kidneys. This 
appears' now to be common 

The reasons, presumably, have 
to do with sbcidogica! changes 
and attitudes to violence irr society 
in general. They must also have to 
do with increased competition 
and desire to win (and despair at 
losing). 1 have little doubt foal an 
important factor in this equation 
is the change in the sort of man 
who coaches Rugby, especially at 
schools' level. 

The man who taught me to play- 
saw it as a mere pastime: when we 

more than it gives in grams to 
assist such repairs. 

Many representations have 
been made over the years to 
successive Treasury ministers, 
who have all made a show of 
sympathy but have rejected the 
possibility of exempting ecclesias- 
tical buildings from this crippling 
impost It is hard not to regard any 
Government professions of con- 
cern for the preservation of this 
part of the national heritage as 

1 remain, yours truly. 

EDWARD FORD. Chairman, 
Grants Committee. 

Historic Churches Preservation 
Trust and The Incorporated 
Church Building Society. 

Fulham Palace. SW6. 

September 22. 

From Mr AL M. Taylor 
Sir. I sympathise with the Rev R. 
E. Gage (September 13) in having 
to find a further £125.000 for his 
ancient church. Demolition is not 
an option for churches in use 
which are a significant element of 
our architectural arid historic her- 

However. ‘ in my experience; 
some of the breathtaking es- 
timates provided by “approved” 
builders, contractors and other 
specialist firms are due to the feet 
that the Church Commissioners, 
English Heritage and other super- 
visory bodies insist on work being 
carried out to the highest possible 

This may well be sound policy 
in theory, but in many cases the 
work could be done to an accept 4 - 
able standard at much lower cost. 
Yours faithfully. 


Trusteeand Treasurer. 

Durtkeswel! Abbey Preservation 
Fund, • 

Dunkeswell Abbey. 

Honitoii. Devon. 

beginning a change in that direc- 
tion which will soon be bearing 
fruit And he is certainly right to 
say that medical attitudes must 
change _ towards greater recog- 
nition of the need for caring rather 
than treatment But these points 
do not get near toco ping with the 
pressures generated by an ageing 
population, medical advance and 
' public expectatibh-of high-quality 
medical care, exacerbated by the 
political and structural problems 
of the NHS. . 

If a solution really is to be found 
— which should be one which 
largely removes the service from 
the political bear garden and 
preserves the essence of the NHS 
to which we are all committed — 
we need to took much more 
honestly at radical alternatives in 
the development of fending and 
the. organisation of health care. 
Merely squeezing another £100 
million or so out of a Chancellor 
(of any party) will not produce the 
necessary answer. 

Yours foiihfelly. 


House of Commons. 

September 19. . 

target. For this the, new pro- 
gramme may well suffice. 

After joining, we should also 
promptly ratify the dub's proto- 
col. Only seven of the2l member 
nations have so for done this. We 
should also promptly withdraw 
our reserve on die EEC draft 
directive oh emissions from large 
combustion plant. 

Last month’s decision to form 
HM Inspectorate of Pollution is 
further evidence of our party’s 
gradual awakening to the political 
. importance of air pollution, es- 
pecially since GhernobyL -William 
Waldegrave’s role as President of 
the EEC Environment Council 
until the end of this year gives' us 
the opportunity, which should be 
fully used, of putting forward 
further constructive proposals. 
Yours foiihfelly. 


The Bow Group. 

240 High Holbom, WCI. 

lost he did not lament or castigate; 
when we won he was not unduly 
jubilant. And his status in the 
school did not depend on how the 
XV performed; but rather, on bow 
his sixth-form mathematicians 
fared in examinations. 

Yours faitbfelly, 



6 Townsend Cottages. 
Horton-Devizes. Wiltshire. 

Maiden Castle 

From the Chief Executive oj 
English Heritage 

Sir. Mr R. N. R. Peers (September 
13) suggests that the English 
Heritage excavations at Maiden 
Castle are being carried out at the 
expense of excavations on the 
route of the Dorchester by-pass. 
This is not the case. 

A preliminary survey of the by- 
pass route has already been under- 
taken as pan of the Maiden Castle 
project and it is dear that it 
includes archaeological sites. 

. This year. as. every year, the 
budget for rescue archaeology will 
be underpressure. To augment the 
fends available for this work, 
English Heritage considers that 
developers, whether public or 
private! should make provision 
for the archaeological recording 
which may be necessary in ad- 
vance of their works. 

We have pressed this view on 
the Department of Transport, 
both in respect of the Dorchester 
by-pass and in regard to their I SO 
miles of new roads which arc to be 
sianed .in 1986-87. for Which there 
has been no increase in the rescue 
archaeology budget. 

Yours faithfully. 

P. W. RUMBLE. Chief Executive. 
.English Heritage. 

Fortress House.23 Savile Row. W|. 

SEPTEMBER 25 1816 

New Granada I now the Republic 
of Colombia } was part of the 
Spanish empire in South . 
America During the first decade 
of the 19th century strife and 
uprisings in favour of 
independence were widespread, 
leading to the Spanish conquest 
between 1814 and 1816. In 1819 
Bolu.'ar invaded the country and 
defeated the forces of Spain. 



MADRID, Sept. 18 

His Majesty's corvette the 
Dioment, which arrived in the port 
of Cadiz on the 16th of last month, 
has brought official dispatches, 
containing the interesting intelli- 
gence of the pacific entrance of the 
King's troops into the capital of the 
Viceroyalty of the kingdom of New 

Lieutenant-General Don Pablo 
Morillo. General in Chief of the 
Expeditionary Spanish Army, has 
transmitted to the Secretary of 
State and Dispatch for the War 
Department an account . of this 
event, (feted from his headquarters. 
Santa Fe de Bogota. May 31. in the 
following terms:- 

**. . . I have the satisfaction to 
inform your Excellency, that the 
troops under the command of 
Colonels Don Miguel de fe Tone 
and Don Sebastian de fe Calzada 
entered this capital of the viceroy- 
alty on the 6th of the present 
month, after the pretended govern- 
ment and the troops had aban- 
doned it, flying disorderly in 
different directions. . . 

“On the 9th and 11th. Captain 
Don Antonio Gomez came up with 
the enemy, whom he routed with 
only 200 men, taking all their 
horses, arms, ammunition, bag- 
gage, &c.. and throwing into com- 
plete disorder the miserable 
remains of the rebels, who fled 
towards the plains of St Martin, 
where the sword of justice will 
overtake them. Several hundreds of 
soldiers have come in with then- 
arms. to avail themselves of the 
pardon which has been granted 

“Colonel Don Francisco Warleta 
occupied Medellin on the 6th, and 
subsequently the whole province of 
Antioquuu which the Rebel Gov- 
ernment abandoned. 

“These fortunate events were 
the result of the march of five 
columns, extending from Barmas 
to the Atrato, and which, advanc- 
ing at the same time, penetrated 
every quarter of the Viceroyalty, 
formed their junctions at the 
allotted points, secured the country 
in their rear, and marched through 
deserts and uncultivated wastes 
which are- seldom passed, are 
destitute of habitations, and were 
then inundated by unceasing rains. 
These marches prudently and for- 
tunately directed, and the attacks 
with which all parts of the territory 
were menaced, insulated the differ- 
ent provinces.- and divided the 
forces of the enemy, wbo was 
defeated before he was aware of our 
plan of opoations. The fifth 
column, which is that of the 
Atrato. ought to be already, accord- 
ing to the accounts from Colonel 
Warleta, united in the little prov- 
ince of Cboco. which the Colonel 
will attack in the case of resistance. 

“Hie remains of the enemy now 
possess only the Llanos and 
Popayan. The winter inundations 
in the former do not permit any 
movement to the provinces from 
Venezuela, for the purpose of 
reinforcing the rebels of the plains; 
and they are about to be attacked 
by Colonel fe Torre, who will drive 
them back on the inundations, and 
either destroy them or compel 
them to surrender. Besides, many 
of the inhabitants of the plains of 
St Martin, as well as those of 
Casanere, wish for the arrival of 
the troops. Colonel Warleta will 
march upon Popayan as soon as 
the column of the Atrato and the 
forces of the Magdalena shall be 
united — 

“I may now, most excellent Sir, 
be permitted to observe, that the 
expedition which the King intrust- 
ed to my command has, within the 
period of one year from my arrival 
in America, fulfilled all that his 
Majesty was pleased to anticipate 
in the private instructions ad- 
dressed to me. 

Drivers at risk 

From Mr A. J. C. Kerr 
Sic, Mr Pierre Tester (September 
19) has a valid point about driving 
hazards. Continental motorways 
have lay-bys spaced out every five 
kilometres, suitable for most of 
the purposes which he mentions. 

In the UK they are generally 
unknown, possibly because they 
would ‘be detrimental to the 
profits of those holding con- 
cessions for service areas. 

Yours faithfully. 

A.J.C.KERR, . . 

52 Castlegaie, . 

Jedburgh. Roxburghshire. 
September 19. 

Personal affront 

From Captain D. C. Hebron, RN 
Sir. While walking my dog in 
Fareham High Street early this 
morning I noticed one of the many 
computer terminals now littering 
the fronts of banks and building 
societies flashing with particular 
urgency; “Sorry, l am temporarily 
out of action”. 

Should I caH the computer 
equivalent of the AA or what, I 
wondered. More seriously, how 
can a nationwide organisation 
allow its computer people to 
misuse the personal pronoun in 
this way? 

Yours faithfully. ■ 


I A Greenbanks Gardens. 

Parch am. Hampshire. 

September 9. 




- 4® 


By Glen Humphries 

Rising Sun 
fills the 
valleys with 
a new light 

The coal black face of Welsh 
: industry is slowly but surely 
■ being scrubbed clean and its 
“aching body is getting a new 
while overall to wear. 

Traditional images of Wales 
as the land of heavy industry 
linger on but in reality, coal, 
steel and shipping are no 
longer the major employers. 

Welsh industry has looked 
abroad for its salvation and 
foreign companies now em- 
ploy more workers than the 
two traditional big employers, 
coal and steel, put together. 
Today’s “boyos from die 


lude executives and their 


families that Wales is no 

longer a land despoiled by slag 
heaps and dereliction. 

valleys" are far more likely to 

-be found in the air-con- 
ditioned hum of a Japanese 
electronics planL 
In the 10 years since ns 
formation, the Welsh 
Development Agency has 
been fighting to change the 
perception of Wales among 
businessmen across Offa's 
dyke. It has had to dispel the 
image of workers with en- 
trenched attitudes and work to 

The legacy bequeathed the 
agency in 1976 was bleak and 
it became bleaker. Coal, steel 
and textiles were in a relent- 
less decline. When the miners' 
strike started in 1984 there 
were 28 pits employing 21,500 
men. Now there are just 16 
mines and 12.500 miners. 
Steel jobs have fallen from a 
high of 72.000 in 1970 to 
20,000. all employed at Port 
Talbot and Llauwem, near 
Newport. Steelmaking has 
ended at East Moors in Car- 
diff. Ebbw Vale and Shotton. 

The new men: Kazoo Murata, 
left at Yoasa, Ebbw Vale, Roy 
Sawyer, centre, of Bio Pharm, 
Swansea, with the endangered 
European medicinal leech, and 
How Roberts, of the Welsh 
Development Agency 

The WDA’s task of rebuild- 
ing an apparently shattered 
economy, though the slump 
had yet to bite, was not helped 
by Welsh reluctance to create 
its own entrepreneurial soci- 
ety. Outsiders had always 
been relied on to bring secure 
work. Only the Welsh yeam- 

One of Wales’ premier Industry 
Year events ,at the Rhondda Sports 
Centre, Ystrad, Rhondda. 
October 7th, 8th and 10th 9 1986. 
An entertaining extravaganza of 
. .Rhondda’s commercial and 
industrial achievements7 

For further information contact’ 
Tony Roberts on (0443) 434551 or 
Ian Hill on (0443) 434093. 

ing for education offered 

Against this desperate back- 
drop, the WDA proved It is 
possible at least 10 stem the 
flow of jobs out of the country, 
and the industrial base is 
broader than ever. There are 
now 48,000 workers employed 
in WDA factories, either 
rented or bought from the 

What started as a fairly 
straightforward brief to 
plough public money into the 
building of factories ready to 
rent to new firms at a reason- 
able price has become a far 
more sophisticated operation. 

The Welsh Venture Capital 
fund, which the WDA op- 
erates joinily with . other 
groups such as county coun- 
cils and leading City institu- 
tions, was launched in 

January last year with £5.6 

The Cardiff Consortium is 
an attempt to develop the city 
as a financial centre. Set up in 
.January this year it. offers a 
single point of access to seven 
venture' capital funds, the 
WDA being only one. Both are 
keen to provide cash for 
companies with growth 

The two latest arms of the 
WDA are Winvest and 
Winiecy. Executives from 
Winvest. which concentrates 
on attracting inward invest- 
ment, travel the world and sell 
Wales hard. Wintech is a 
brokerage system which helps 
firms develop new technology 
at their Welsh factories. It can- 
put a company needing a 
working, model of a new 
machine in touch with -the 

academic institution that 

might help. 

1500 sq.ft. 



A new home for you and your business can easily. 
be yours in Mid Wales from around £90 per week, 
including rent and rates. 

And the weekly cost of high quality larger units is 
around £40 per EOOO sq.ft rent and rates included! 

You wont find deals on new factories and modem 
homes like these anywhere else - maybe that's why you 
should move to Mid Wales ... a new Wafesf 

Contact us if you’d like to attend one of our special 
presentations held regularly in many locations, or want 
our information packT " 


...a new Wales! 

Md Wiles Development 

Mhl Wales Devdopmera. Dept D.W. FREEPOST. Newown. Pouys SY16 1JB, 
Tell 0686 > 26065. Or FREEFONE NEW WALES now* 


We saw... 


we prospered: 


Over 350 companies from all over trie world have 
found Cwmbran the ideal place in which to prosper. 

ideaf Location 

As Kevin Burke found, one of its many attractions is 
its exceptionally convenient location. Cwmbran is just 6 
minutes from the M4. 10 minutes from the A449/M50 
link to the Midlands. 100 minutes to Paddington by the 
125 service from nearby Newport Two airports and three 
seaports are within easy reach. Magnificent countryside 
is right on your doorstep. 

Kevin Buike. Managing Director 
of Jusr Rubber pic. nwnuteciuws of 
ruOtoer covered roUere tot specialised industrial uses. 

Financial In c entives 

Then there are the financial attractions. 
Discretionary grams and other generous incentives. 
Extremely low rents [from only £2.00 a sq.ft, for advance 
factory space, and £4.50 for high tech unitsj. Acres of 
greenfield sites. Plentiful low cost housing. Abundant 
managerial, technical and labour skills. 

Everything you need to set up and succeed you'll 
find m Cwmbran. 

*1 don't think !'d even heard of Cwmbran before 
1973 much less knew where it was. When I looked it up 
on the map I realised it was absolutely ideal for our 
company. It had exactly the right premises on the right 
terms - with plenty of scope far expansion. And that's 
been our story ever since: Expansion, expansion and yet 
more expansion. We've always found the Cwmbran 
Development Corporation extremely helpful. They were 
very realistic on lease negotiations and they also helped 
us find temporary Jiving accommodation for our key 
staff. Our confidence in Cwmbran as an ideal location 
from which to service our widely-spread market was a 
major factor in our decision to purchase the freehold 
of our factories in 19847 


For further details abour Cwmbran simply post the 
coupon. Or ring Ron Howlett direct on 06333 67777. 




# Bristol 

Bar. Ha-Alen, Managing Direct Of, Cwmtiran Devetopmem Corporation. 
Gwenr Moose. Town Centre. Cwmbran. Gwent NP44 IXH 
Prease send me your industrial information pack, plus deoils of your 
grants and incentives. 




. TEL NO.. 

TiM Vk 



the most startling as- 
pect of the new economic 
structure is the rise of the 
Rising Sun over the valleys. 
Wales now has a higher 
concentration of Japanese 
companies than any other 
region in Britain — the num- 
ber will be 12 when 
Matsushita -arrives, in New- 
port next year. 

Panasonic chose Newport 
for its first European type- 
writer and office automation 
plant after the success of its 
colour television production 
plant in Cardiff 

But what is it that attracts 
the shrewd Japanese business- 
man to a Celtic fringe region? 

Kazuo Murata of Yuasa 
smiles a lot when he is asked 
this frequent question. “I like 
Wales." he says. “The Welsh 
are all so friendly and ex- 
tremely hard workers.” 

Mr Murata, who likes to be 
called Ken. arrived in South 
Wales five years ago from 
Osaka to set up the British off- 
shoot of Yuasa Batteries in 
Ebbw Vale and has seen 
turnover triple: By the end of 
the 1 year he hopes to employ 
about 300 workers. 

Yuasa is the biggest manu- 
facturer of rechargeable bat- 
teries in Japan and third 
largest in the world. 

The Japanese invasion of 
Wales -b egan in 1972 with the 
arrival ofTakiron, the plastics 
maker, and was reinforced the 
following year by Sony, the 
electronics giant, which chose 
Britain in preference to West 
Germany or France. ' ■ 

goods more cheaply than their 
counterparts in Japan. 

Since 1979, when the slump 
became newsworthy, the Japa- 
nese have doubled . , their 
in vestment But they are only 
one of many countries whose 
industrialists have chosen to 
come . here. In the last ' six 
months five new US investors 
have been attracted. 

Investment by 
Japan doubled 

Hiro Nakamura, the direc- 
tor and general manager of 
Sony's Bndgend plant -which 
employs 1,500' people, says: 
“The choice came down to 
Scotland or Wales. We chose 
Wales because it had good 
road and rail links and factory 
space immediately available. 

“Bridgend has a history of 
constructive industrial rela- 
tions and the workers are very 
flexible and hard-working.” 

These sentiments are ech- 
oed by the majority of Japa- 
nese firms. A WDA survey 
revealed this month that Japa- 
nese basses believe their 
Welsh workers are producing 

High-tech industries are 
moving on however. And if 
“microchip” was the buzz 
word of the 1970s and early 
1980s. the new word at the 
WDA is “ bugs”. 

Biotechnology, the latest 
phase of the new industrial 
revolution, encompasses a 
-huge. range. oT developments 
from research into bugs that 
eat garbage .to a' company 
making' bandages from sea- 
weed. Bugs promise ip: be. a 
growth business. . 

‘It’s going to be bi&very 

big. You've heard of Silicon 
Valley and Silicon Glen, well, 
we are imo Cwm Bug — Bug 
Valley.” jokes Huw Roberts, 
the WDA head of marketing 
services. : 

Twenty-nine biotechnology 
firms have set up in Wales and 
the academic institutions have 

nol been slow to jump on the 
bugwagon. A special two- 
storey Innovation Centre ts 
being built at University Col- 
lege, Swansea. 

Biotechnica in Cardiff 
which has strong US links, has 
developed a microbe that is 
“eating” New York's garbage. 

Another biotechnology firm 
is showing how ancient rem- 
edies. can have 20th-century 
applications in the prevention 
and cure of heart diseases. At 
Biopharm UK in Swansea the 
day is spent studying blood- 
sucking leeches. 

Dr Roy Sawyer, the manag- 
ing director, says: “Leeches 
'are very important beings 
because they .secrete sub- 
stances like anti-coagulants 
when they sack the blood of 
animals.” • 

But biotechnology ; is only 
.the latest twist in the tale of 
.the development of the new 
economic culture in Wales. 
The old cliches of the singing 
Welsh miners on their way to 
play rugby after a week down 
the pit are gone. 

Perhaps they should be 
replaced, by the new Welsh 
white-coated workers brush- 
- ing up on their Japanese. - 

President and poet 
pull in tourists 

It was a strange meeting of 
minds. The abstemious peanut 
farmer from the - American 
D&pSoiffc paying homagefo 
a wild Welsh wizard who 
kilted himself by drinking too 
much whisky in a sleazy New 

Earlier this year, Jimmy 
Carter, now . retired as the 
world’s most powerful man, 
visited the old shack where his 
contemptuous hero Dylan 
Thomas once raged against 

Mr Carter bad been 
shocked to learur that there 
was no plaque in Poets’ Corner 
at Westminster Abbey to hon- 
our his hero and promptly 
nsed his influence to pvt 
matters right. He won, and 
decided to consolidate Ms 
victory by visiting Laugharae 
in west Wales, a rare and 
special place forever cursed 
and blessed with the memory 
of Thomas, genius and drank. 

It was the time when a bomb 
had gone off in London and 
Americans, at peace with New 
York's 1,700 murders a year, 
were staying away from Brit- 
ain. Mr Carter visited Wales, 
paid his homage, fished and 
relaxed and bad the holiday of 
bis life. The highlight was a 
wine-flowing evening in an inn 
in Tregaron, a town so remote 
that it most have reminded 
t him of his Georgia home. 

The Wales Tourist Board 
most have been lighting bon- 
fires. His visit was the seal of 
approval no advertising 
agency could ever hope to 

Next month, Welsh tourism 
is expected, to receive a more 
measured and sombre boost 
with the publication of the 
findings of the Commons 

The success of joint 
participation between the pub- 
lic and private sectors was 
demonstrated" fast year when 
£ZS million from the WTB 
attracted a final spending of 
more titan £16 million. 

Projects under way include 
the first motorway Travel 
Lodge, to be bail! alongside 
the M4 at Sara Park in Mid 
Glamorgan. The 40-room 
complex, where charges will 
be per room rather than by 
occupant, will be aimed at 
families as much as business 

The WTB has earmarked 
£100,000 in the coming year to 
promote -festivals, sad, ding 
the Cardiff Prams, the Royal 
National Eisteddfod and the 
International Eisteddfod at 

A whole range of rand, 
cultural and sporting activities 
has been brought together 
under the banner of the Mid 
Wales Festival of the Country- 
side by Mid Wales Develop-, 
meat.' Activities include 
fishing, white water canoeing, 
moon rain bicycling and 

£100,000 to 
promote festivals 

Wcisn Select Committee 
which has spent a year 
examining tbe- industry. In 
Wales, perhaps more than in 
any ocher pan of the UK, the 
sighs of relief tint tourism is 
at last being seen as a bona 
fide industry will be heartfelt. 

The Principality's reliance 
on tourism and leisure is 
particularly ' pronounced. 
Holidaymakers now bring in 
more than £600 million a year 
with a further £300 million 
estimated to be generated by 
day visitors. Measured as a 
percentage of the gross domes- 
tic product, tourism is second 
only to manufacturing- prorid- 
ing an estimated 90,0# full- 
time jobs and one of the 
highest per capita incomes 
from tourism in Europe. 

The opening of Cardiff’s 
182-room Holiday Inn in July 
consolidated the city as a top 
conference _ centre to .match 
Britain's other leading venues. 
This development spurred 
refurbishment programmes at 
several of the city's leading 
established hotels and poshed 
■spending on hotel accommoda- 
tion in Cardiff la-the last year 
past £20 million. 

BSC Industry 

helps businesses to succeed 
in six areas in 

North and South 

Assistance includes project finance, local 
managed workshops (South Wales) and 
support for local Enterprise Agencies. 

A further twelve areas throughout 
Scotland and England are also supported 
by BSC Industry. 



Please telephone (01) 686 0366 for further 
information or write to 


NLA Tower, 12, Addiscombe Road, 
Croydon, CR9 3JH 


£. * * 

v~ ■ 

This could be your most profitable posting (and 
you needn't take your own bath!) 

.Thanks to: 

■ EEC and Development Area incentives, j 

■ Rent-free periods in advance factories. { 

■ Welsh Development Agency assistance, • 

■ Excellent industrial relations. 

■ Easy access to major markets. 

ma be voif br>dbu i* 

Check* for yourself by returning our coupon, j 
Or cafj Bob Dunaa or Des Jones at j 

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b - T0eS OEVELOPtmn AREA. 








Can TV rescue 
the language? 

y*™ a 6° whe " 

Alan Ladd said: "Mae dyn yn 
gorfod gwneud be’ mae dyn vn 
gorfbd gwneud." and ihe pay- 
pie of Wales laughed. 

For Alan Ladd, with the 
High Sierra behind him. was 
speaking a language no Indian 
ever encountered. 

Those words, which mean. 
"A man's goi io do what a 
man's got to do", were the first 
tenuous and nervous steps 
towards saving one of 
Europe's oldest living lan- 
guages with the aid of ad- 
vanced television technology. 

in the bailie to maintain the 
Welsh language’s credibility 
and vitality, its place in every- 
day life was seen as essential 
Yet pumping into every home 
through the all-powerfiil me- 
dium was a steady diet of 
American soap operas, game 
shows and movies. 

The solution offered was 
Sianel Pedwar Cymru, or S4C, 
the Welsh Fourth TV Chan- 
nel. Alan Ladd's Shane, 
dubbed into Welsh, was the 
first Hollywood blockbuster to 
be presented to the Welsh in 
their own langauge. 

The Western hero’s Welsh 
drawl brought howls of protest 
that the channel was present- 
ing an Anglo-centric view of 
life, albeit transposed into the 
Welsh language. 

Such offerings, argued the 
cultural purists, together with 
sports such as wrestling and 
snooker, a Welsh language 
version of the quiz show Mr 
and Mrs, and the renaming of 
the pixie-like Smurfs as the 
Smyrffi did little to reflect 
Welsh cultural life. 

But they brought in the 
viewers. Snooker, orsnweerm 
Welsh, attracted top ratings, 
sitting alongside Dechrau 
Ctinn. Dechrau Canmol, a 
programme of Welsh hymn- 

The schedule of any tele- 
vision channel is a delicate 
balance between the demands 
of the viewers. the aspirations 
of the programme makers and 
the resources available. 

Combining drama, light 
entertainment, children's pro- 
grammes. sport, news and 
current affairs and schools 
programmes, all having a 
Welsh flavour, with the re- 
scheduled output of the UK 
Channel Four, was a daunting 

task. But by general consensus 
the S4C programmers 

Many programmes, es- 
pecially the high-quality out- 
put of drama, have been 
received with critical acclaim. 
Awards have been carried off 
at international festivals in 
France, Spain. Britain and the 
United States. 

The Welsh now have 25 
hours a week of peak-time 
television in their own lan- 
guage. _ Although the most 
expensive station per cap ha in 
the world, with programmes 
watched by just 50,000 view- 
ers costing up to £5 million, 
the new channel has provided 
a launching pad towards 
financial success for several 
independent producers. 

The Supened cartoon series, 
which originated in a studio in 
Cardiff's Dockland and was 
first shown on S4C, is now 
shown in 70 countries. The 
cartoons of the cuddly crime- 
fighter were also the first to be 
shown on the Disney cable 
channel in the United Slates 
and not produced in-house. 

From the same stable Wil 
Cwac Cwac, the adventure of 
a dude based on a series of 
children's books first written 
in the 1920s and set in rural 
Wales, achieved a rare double 
in being bought by both the 

Schedules often 
a delicate balance 

United States and the Soviet 
Union in successive months. 

Whether the station will 
halt the continuing decline in 
the number of Wdsh speakers 
is uncertain. 

Every census this century 
has recorded the steady fell 
from 50 per cent in 1901 to 
just 19 per cent in 1981. 

Language campaigners 
point optimistically to a first- 
time increase between two 
censuses in the number of 
children speaking Welsh as a 
result of the increased invest- 
ment in teaching the language 
m schools. 

But it may yet be that 
television, the medium that 
once threatened to push the 
language towards oblivion, 
finally helps to get over the 

Target: Thousands of jobs 

Next to tourism and agri- 
culture. the task of attracting 
industry to the vast tracts of 
rural Wales presents a difficult 

No one wants to destroy the 
rich green beauty of the region 
with a network of motorway 
links and dual carriageways 
but prospective employers 
need to know that raw materi- 
als can be brought in and 
products sent out test. 

The agency responsible for 
boosting the region. Mid 
Wales Develoment. has to 
present the area as a viable 
alternative. It has adopted an 
imaginative approach to 
publicizing the benefits avail- 
able to outweigh the under- 
lying problems. Promotional 
ventures include tours by First 
Division soccer clubs, pop 
-concerts and a countryside 

Beneath the surface 
showmanship there have been 
some solid achievements for 
the organization which ac- 
counts fora 40 percent area of 
Wales but only 8 per cent of 
the population. The area has 
had a tragic history of de- 
population, but in recent years 
the population has been rising, 
while the number of jobs has 

Dr Iain Skewis, who arrived 
to head Mid Wales Develop- 
ment after a spell with the 
Highlands and Islands 
Development Board, is a jo- 
vial boss, but he sounds less 
than optimistic at times. 

“We need about 2.400 jobs 
a year between now and 1990 

to provide work for the rising 
population and improve the 
attractiveness of the area to 
young people," he said. “Last 
year we almost made the 
target, but it was not easy and 
it is going to be very difficult 
in the future. 

“Employers in hi-tech in- 
dustries in particular think 
immediately of the South-East 
and the Home Counties for 
factory space. To them it 
means good road and rail 
links, easy access to the ports.” 

Mid Wales Development 
has a struggle convincing 

pier picture for the transport- 
ing of goods and Dr Skewis is 
keen to talk about the London 
to Aberystwyth rail link. 

“Our major handicap is the 
distance away from the South- 
East, or at (east our distance as 
perceived by the South-East 
because it's not really very 
far,” added Dr Skewis. 

Mid Wales would like the 
M54 extended into Wershpooi 
and South Ceredigion to be 
linked with the M4 in the 
south and the A44. 

The agency’s big success, 
however, is in lettings — 1985- 

Loss of assisted area status has been a 
serious blow to the Mid- Wales region 

those employers that a region 
without a motorway, in the 
middle of a rural area, is a 
good beL 

The loss of Assisted Area 
Status in most of the region 
was a blow but it has been 
offset to some extent by the 
introduction of the Mid Wales 
Development Grant, provide 
ing grants of up to 15 per cent 
for growth projects. 

Dr Skewis is keen to stress 
the importance of the small 
loans fund which has attracted 
interest from about 20 firms. 

But the area must battle 
with its next-door neighbour 
Ihe West Midlands, which has 
been elevated to Intermediate 
Area, for the prize of the 
potential employer. 

The agency, however, never 
shirks from putting money 
into schemes to paint a hap- 

86 was a record year with 1 14 
lettings and a total of 342,000 
square feet, more than 50 per 
cent higher than the previous 
year and the best figure since 

The agency counts as one of 
its biggest successes persuad- 
ing the fashion textile com- 
pany Laura Ashley to stay in 
the area. The company has 
chosen Newtown's Mochdre 
Estate for its new £5 million 
textile and wallpaper factory, 
which is set to create around 
400 jobs. 

The agency beat off com- 
petition* from Holland by 
putting together a package that 
Ashley could not refuse. 

But Dr Skewis admits: “Al- 
though Mid Wales is a pleas- 
ant location, the lifestyle is 
just an extra and business is 
business wherever you are. It 

would have been very difficult 
for us to project ourselves as a 
credible manufacturing area if 
we had lost a company which 
was bom and grew here.” 

Laura Ashley is by far the 
biggest single employer in the 
region with 1,300 employees. 
The company is still expand- 
ing. Last year the turnover was 
£131.5 million and the pre- 
vious year £96.4 million. Al- 
most SO of the group's 240 
shops worldwide are in the 
United States. 

“Our major expansion mar- 
ket is now the USA." said 
Chris Owen, the administra- 
tion director. “We have every 
confidence we are still 
performing well after the 
tragic death of Laura Ashley. 
The design team are very 

Mr Owen emphasized the 
link with Mid Wales Develop- 
ment and its assistance in the 
new factory project 

Mid Wales' overall policy is 
to concentrate development 
on three areas: Aberystwyth, 
Central Powys and Newtown. 

At Aberystwyth the harbour 
is being redeveloped as a focus 
for the revitalization of the 
town as a whole and for 
tourism. Construction is going 
ahead on the Cefn Linn sci- 
ence and technology park, a 
venture in close co-operation 
with the academics of the 
town’s University College, 
which formerly owned the 

The Central Powys centres 
for development include 
Llandrindod Wells. Rbyader 
and Builth Wells. 

Cutting a swathe at Laura Ashley, left, 
the biggest employer in Mid-Wales 

Tarmac tentacles 
extend to the west 

As Wales moves away from 
traditional heavy industries, 
the value of the M4 corridor 
and A470 to the Heads of the 
Valleys is being seen as a 
major selling point in attract- 
ing more work into the 

Ammunition for the sales 
pitch Is the feet that since May 
1979, 22 miles of new or 
improved motorway and 84 
miles of trank road have been 
provided in Wales as a whole. 

The artillery is silenced 
again when radio newsreaders 
announce that the Severn 
Bridge is again dogged by 
long tailbacks and Wales mice 
more becomes a far distant 
land. Bnt in ID years* time, if 
everything goes according to 
plan, a £150 million second 
crossing will be open. From 
junction 23 on the M4 in. 
Wales drivers will be able to 
cross into England rejoining 
the M4 or taking a new link to 
the M5 sooth of Bristol. 

Ian KelsaU, director of the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry in Wales, believes that 
the Government announce- 
ment that a second crossing 
will be built has given indus- 
trialists outside Wales the 
chance to plan now for the 
1990s and decide to build 
factories in the Principality. 

He points out that 13 mil- 
lion vehicles cross the Severn 
Bridge every year, 60 per cent 
on business. 

When the Newport East 

MP, Roy Hughes, criticized a 
CB1 competition which came 
up with the name Croeso 
Bridge for the second crossing, 
Mr Keisall hit hack maintain- 
ing it had a serious purpose. 
Entries from as far away as 
California meant the message 
was being spread that the era 
of frequent and extensive traf- 
fic jams between England and 
Wales would soon be at an 

But as the infrastructure in 
the south continues to im- 
prove, the tentacle of tarmac 
uncoiling throogb Wales is 
also reaching across the north. 

The A55, which skirts the 
shore between Abergele and 
Cohvyn Bay, and other bypass 
projects are welding North 
Wales to the English motor- 
way system. Work will shortLy 
begin on the Conway crossing 
which will be Britain's first 
immersed tube tunnel. 

It all means that Manches- 
ter Airport and the industrial 
base of north-west England 
are becoming more accessible 
from North Wales. 

That accessibility is crucial 
in an area braised by the large 
job losses at British Steel's 
Shotton site and closure of 
Comtauld's Greenfield plant. 
A spread of foreign alter- 
natives from Japan, Finland, 
Sweden and the United States 
are already settling in North 
Wales as the first steps are 
taken towards reshaping the 
area's economy. 

My company 
really is limited! 

It might be limited by too-high overhead costs. 

By lack of space into which to expand. 

By a scarcity of skilled workers, caused by high property values. 

Why not open up a second unit in Wales? 

You can start from a greenfield site or a brand -new factory, 
close to your main transport system, whether rt be road, rail, sea or air. 

You can take advantage of made-to-measure financial packages. 

You can dip into our pool of skilled labour 
(as have 12Japanese companies, with excellent results). 

You can even co-opt our help in identifying new customers. 

And you can revel in the great value of property in Wales and enjoy 
the stunning scenery of 3 National Parks and 4 areas of ‘Outstanding 
Natural Beauty.’ There are no limits to what you can achieve in Wales. 

Dial 100 and ask for Freefone Wales or send off the coupon. 

\\ I want to know] 

! about Wales j 

Name , 

Company name. 





Send to: Welsh Development Agency, PO Box 100, i 

Greyfriars Road, Cardiff CPI 1W^ ^ 




Li^-v^rv^v.: iZr<fV\ 






September 24: The Queen and 
The Duke of Edinburgh, at- 
tended by Major Hugh Lindsay, 
left .Aberdeen in the Royal Tram 
this evening Tor London. 

September 24: The Duchess of 
York this evening attended a 
Cabaret Dinner organised by 
The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award 
50th Anniversary Tribute 
Project at the Savoy Hotel, 
London WC2. 

Mrs John Floyd and Wing 

Commander Adam Wise were 

in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this afternoon opened 

the new laboratory of The 
Coopers' Company and Coborn 
School at St Mary’s. Upminstcr. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Chairman of the 
Board of Governors (Mr Leon- 
ard McEwenl and the Head- 
master fMr J. French). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
Dinner in aid of the Caldecott 
Community at the Banqueting 
House. Whitehall, where Her 
Royal Highness was received by 
the" Chairman of the Council of 
the Caldecott Community (the 
Lord Bra bourne). 

The Hon Mrs Leggc-Bourkc 
was in attendance. 

September 24; The Prince of 
Wales. President. Business in 
the Community, this morning 
opened the Ealing Enterprise 
Agency. 69-71 The Broadway. 
London W13. 

Afterwards His Royal High- 
ness attended Business in (he 
Community's Industry Year 
Conference called -Industry 
Barks Enterprise- at the Royal 
Society of Arts. John Adam 
Street." WC2 and this afternoon 
\isiicd the offices of Business in 
the Community at 227A City 
Road. EC1. 

Mr Rupert Fairfax was in 

The Prince of Wales this 
evening gave a Reception for 
Ferranti sponsored graduate 
and under-graduate engineers 
from University College North 
Wales at Kensington Palace. 

The Princess of Wales. Pa- 
tron, Help the .Aged, this morn- 
ing presented the prizes for BBC 
Television's Programme. B7 ij* 
Divi'l You.... at Help the Aged’s 

Headquarters. St James's Walk. 

Miss Alexandra Loyd and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard. RN. were in 

September 24: The Duke of 
Kent. President, this evening 
attended The Business and 
Technician Education Council’s 
dinner at The Institute of Direc- 
tors. Pall Mall. London SWI. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamenon was in attendance. 

The Duchess or Kent this 
morning visited the Brixbam 
station of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution and later 
opened the new Embankment at 
Dartmouth. This afternoon Her 
Roval Highness visited 
RowcrofL the Torbay and South 
Devon Hospice. Torquay. 

Mrs Alan Henderson was in 

September 24: Princess Alexan- 
dra this afternoon visited The 
September Club for elderly peo- 
ple at Croydon Parish Church 

Her Royal Highness later 
opened the Alexandra Wing at 
the New Victoria HospitaL 
Kingston upon Thames. 

Lady Mary Mumfoid was in 

In the evening. Princess 
Alexandra and the Hon Angus 
Ogtlvy were present at a Ban- 
quet at Hampton Court Palace 
given by the Chairman and 
Council oF the Stock Exchange 
to mark the Twenty-Fifth 
Anniversary of the International 
Federation of Stock Exchanges. 

Mrs Peter Afia was in ! 

The Princess of Wales win visit | 
the hospice unit at the Hospital 
of St John and St Elizabeth. 60 : 
Grove End Road. NWS, on , 
October 9. 

Princess Anne. President of the : 
Riding for the Disabled Associ- 
ation. will visit the South 
Buckinghamshire group at Mill ; 
House Farm. Fulmer, on Octo- 
ber 9. 

Princess .Anne. President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will visit 
Reldan Limited. High Wyc- 
ombe. Buckinghamshire, on 
October 9. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Stanley Rous will be 
held in Westminster Abbey at 
12.30 today. 

Birthdays today 

Mr N. W. Ayrton. 62: Mr 
1 Ronnie Barter, 57: Mr Leon 
Brittan. QC. MP, 47; Sr Peter 
i Crossman. 78: Sir Colin Davis. 

1 59: Sir Robert Fairteim. 76: Sir 
John Farr. MP. 64: Sir Florae! 
Glasspole. 77: Sir David Hunt. 

: 73: Miss Felicity Kendal. 40; Mr 
J. Mac G. K. Kendal l-Carpeti- 
ter. 61: Sir Robert Muldoon, 
CH. 65; Mr Timothy Severin, 
46: Commandant Daphne Swal- 
low. WRNS. 54. 


Basketinakers's Company 
Mr Edward Dariow, Prime War- 
den. presided at the annual 
dinner of the Basketmakers' 
Company held last night at the 
Mansion House. Judge 
Underhill. QC, Commander 
and Alderman Sir Robin Gillett, 
Mr Alec Sorrell and Sir Kenneth 
Newman also spoke. The guests 

Trade FoBcy Research Centre 
Mr John Dawkins. Minister of 
Trade in Australia, was the guest 
of honour at a Trade Policy 
Research Centre dinner held ax 
the Park Lane Hotel last night. 
Sir Kenneth Durham, chairman 
of the centre, presided and other 

Latest wills 

Sir Charles Norman Stirling, of 
Famftam. Surrey, formerly 
Ambassador to Lisbon, left 
estate valued at £276.494 net. 
Sir Frank Cyril Mosgrare, of 
Drinkstone Green. Suffolk. 
i chairman of the Iron and Steel 
Board 1959-67. left estate val- 
ued at £1 1 5.544 net. 

Mrs Ann Dibben. of Devizes. 
Wiltshire, the nurse who shared 
a £lm football pools win shortly 
before her death, left estate 
valued at £92385 net. 

Baron Deedes 

The life barony conferred on Mr 
William Francis Deedes has 
been gazetted by the name, style 
and uile of Baron Deedes, of 
Aldington hi the County of 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

M a he + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

AnnoumrcnKniv. aulhcMKaicd bv the 
name and permanent address of (he ; 
sender, may be sent la 

TO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 

or telephoned (bj uric phone subs- j 
cibcrs onl>) ux *1-481 3*24 

Amouocemenu can be iwehod by . 
telephone between *»00am and I 
' ttipm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.nuam and 12 noon. 

S l-411 4SM Mffli for puHxaiion ihr 
lowing das by i.3flpm. 

etc an Cnun and Social Uihs 

♦ IS* VAT. 

t'oun and Social Pare annouccmcms 
ran not be accepted bv telephone, 
fnquinrs lir 81-822 9953 
latter 111 .KUm). or send ur 

1 r mw og f fital. UadM El 9HL 

ftw alkiw at least 4h hours before I 

PuNu-uum I 

kNiin ii. ihr MiimiimI Ihlnn Ihrielmr 
oil Klslrai jih! oilh all Ihi nrlllnqqpl 
<iik 1 n-t.imlin<i 

Pun ntr. 4 7 


BLESOVSKT on snriFmlMV 20lli. 
at Parkland* Nursing Home, 
nurton. to Cknn- iwc Or Rocfirfart- 
Lilnkvhd-i an<l .Irllirv. d Jjuqhlcr. 
C-isvitoui'-r )mMi' 

OAVtCS 1,1 nui to ilr iniv llalfi and 
Pi irr. in ttnrnf on tWh SrpimMKT. 
.1 -mi I lulls Ab-vuidrr Mklurt 
Minion .1 In either lor .lulu 

CLEWS TER On VtoiTOtwr Z4Ui. to 
Vl'-vuiiJtJ »n»f snrnhrrdi and 
•< 111.111 .1 sun. r.iruuin Mark 

NAAS On septrmbrT 22nd. l r * 8 o_ at 
tin- PmiliimI Huspttal. to Sumt incr 
i.'i-trliv ■ ,iml R.i\nwrKl. j ddugnier 
Djihrl UrtHH.Ih 

NUTCHEON On Srt>lomh«’r l nth. to 
D. 1 SK 1 dlHl \nnrtte. d dJuqtnrt. 
Sarah, at Ml Mnai KastNUI. Toronto. 

JOYCE On Srncrmber mh at The 
hinnss -vine tfanotlal. Soulhamp- 
lun to Jultrinre Wtllfcinntand Prier. 
.1 seat. Prin James. 

LETTER On VWmitKT 15th. In Edln- 
bunh. to Julian and Susan mee 
Onifoni a sen. Alban Nicholas. 

MACLEAN ■ On ISUi September at 
AUrshdl MaK'rmtv HospiuL Elgin, 
to virnriM 0 mw HuRxrt Powrtll and 
John, j daughter. 

SCHERER - On September 15th- IQ 86 . 
tn i.utp 1 me CoUlnM and Own. a son. 
tnriipi* Jomrv 

SCIBERftAS On September Ifeth. at 
nriuhtnn. to AngrLi tnw Aldington) 
and Ed ,1 dairthltT. Ha met Carmel 

WATSON On September Wnd. to 
l eutst- .mV Pearson 1 and Lwj/t. a 
d.niqhtrr Rachael Laui> i> 

WATTS On CCnd beptember. t« 8 a. 
In Mrkv ■nw UaHcr 1 and Dominic. a 
iLnnditn . Ltnilr. Mslcr for rct>. 

WtLLASEYvVftUCT On 1411) 
VrlrinlKT 1 *W 6 . Ill San Jose. Costa 
Kira, to Alt me Morton and Tun. a 
Mm Pjtnrk James. 


OTTEW 1 LL : KEITH The nwrugc 
fooL older on September UMr, Iflflb. 
hrbsern Da* Id and Patricia 


ALMOtr On August. 198*. John 
Ri-gmaM ABCry. aged 80 jrars Cre- 
matioi) ol Lambeth Cranalorlum on 
36lh bepirthber ai l X.00 am non 
m lb ismons. Carden House. 369 
Clapham Road. SW9 
BADGER On 2l« September at Ham- 
n>*rMniih Hospital, s^eu 29 years. George Sera ire at Liwtilwm 
Cremawmini on 2Wh September at 
a pm DandlkuiA H drwed. towards 
Hour nuriw* Rtaearrh at the Royal 
P.-KlwaciMtc MrdicaJ School iA/C 
■111b 1 TLunittrrsmilh Hosirilal. W12 
8ASHALL. Atom Maud - On ?5rd stp 
lembi-r ISSev. pejccluilv dl home. 
Divlh Imnllilli of Dr C J BMul). 
lu\ inrj motTHT. grandmother and 
• grandniollMT Funeral Service 
nl 111 *«dinrv Church. Burba wilts 
.11 JOOpmm Frida* . Colh sept.™ 
In r folta'vct! hv burial FamllS' 
iiavn-r- errty pmulmtiv please to 
Tin- Leaguri 01 rriends. SnirnuKr 
HnMUUl. Mollboiough Wilts 

BOHSEY ■ On September 23rd. peace- 
fully at Tree Ton Residential Home. 
Ram Hill, the Rev. Hugh Lowry 
Bonsey. widower of Kathleen 
Barney, much loved father and 
grandfather. Funeral at Our Saints 
Church. St Helen's on September 
29th at 12.05 pm. Service of Inter- 
ment at Tipton SL John's. S. Devon 
on October 1 st. AD entwines to Fish- 
er Funeral Services. 52 Baxters 
Lane. Sutton St. Helen's, tel. Mar- 
shalls Cross 813407. 

tember 19th. suddenly at home. 
Edward Henry, apod 47. Father of 
Sophie. Edward (Barty). Gemma. 
Augustus and Pandora and son of the 
late Captain Edward Brother! on- 
Ratcilffc and Mrs Eleanor 
BroOierton-Ralcliffe of 6 Canrt 
Lodge. Shaftesbury. Dorset- Dearly 
loved father, son. brother, uncle and 
cousin Requiem Mass at SL 
Edward's. Shaftesbury on Saturday. 
September 27th at 12 noon. 

FINLAY - On September 20th. William 
Alexander, aged * 8 . of Arthur &L 
Bushev, husband of AsthiMur. father 
ot James. Peter. Hefga and tnsabtorg. 
Funeral on Monday. September 
29th. at St James' Parish Church. 
Bushev, at 12.45pm. Enoutnes to 
Hendev Funeral Service Ltd. ta 
Rd. Bushev, lei 01 950 7233. 

FRANCIS - On September 23rd. Kath- 
erine Dorothy, peacefully at SL 
Stephen's Hospital. Chelsea, aged 82. 
Widow or the late Lt Cot. Re^natd 
Frankland Francis. M.C Fimeral on 
Monday. September 29Ui at St. 
Cuffi bed's Church. PMHwarft Gar- 
dens. SW5 at 11-00 am Enquiries to 
J.H Kenyon Ltd. 49 Marion Road. 
W 8 . 01-937 07S7. 

FREEMAN On September 22nd. 
peacefully and perfectly cared lor at 
Chartwen Nursing Home. MMhurst. 
Chnsiopher James, aged 52 years. 
Son of Robert and the late Joanne. 
Brother of Nicholas A very special 
person, loved by all who knew him 
■Sun ul lonocens Secures'. Funeral 
private Donations to CAR.E. 
Burlen Rough. Prtwvrth. Sussex. 

FMCENTt BONDI On 22nd Septem- 
ber. peacefully at si Mary's Hospital 
alhf .1 short illness so Bf-mti borne 
nilh great lerlilmjc, ikWisI Ninette. 
inHoved of devoted husband James, 
lirolhvr via unci', cousins Meg. Sam. 
Esther. Richard. Jean Claude. Stlvic. 
Drill- Mill and Natalie Loved and 
rrspc-clrti bv manv mends Private 
FuiUTOl FJimiy newer-, qnly. Dona- 
tions it desired, to Fnends of SI. 
Mjtv's. P rac'd street. London W 2 
INV She possessed (he spent of an 
advenlurous ctUM and Mte walked 
wuh beauty at her side Ever 
thoughtful for omen, her pleasure 
lay in giving. Her generosity was 
boundless, her love overflowing. 
Cum Chcrle. 

I HEATON. Henry John Howard i Joel I - 
On Monday. August 1 8th. 1986. at 
W'amngton General Hosprtai m his 
76th scar. One ume Editor of The 
Aldershot News and ol The Waning- 
ton Examiner Dearly loved only von 
of the lale Dr CBartn Howard 
Heaton (Paymaster Commander. 
Royal Navy Retdl and the lale Edim 
Helen Heaton, and loved brother of 
Peggy Podmore and Low Watson 

MUGGINS rtedench Newry rrommvi 
peacefully on Sunday- beptember 
2 lst 1986 oiler a long Illness Funer 
al at Wotverrole Cemetary. Oxford. 
2pm. Friday 26th September 

U.OYD-JOMES - On September 23rd. 
oiler a long tUnm. Sir Harry 
Vincent, beloved husband of Ena and 
lav uiq (oltier « David and Janet. 
Private funeral Service 01 Si 
Stephen's. Rochester Row-. SW I on 
Tuesday. September 30th at 2 30 pm 

RRLUNOTON - On September 22nd. 
1 956. m Oswestry, aged 83 years, 
the Rev Kenneth Cecil Millington, 
iailhtul print. loving husband of 
Marten and father of Robert. Ned. 
Jon. Hugh and I he lale Sarah. All 
emtuinm to w R R Pugh & Son. 
Shrewsbury 0743 464 « 

PETERSON - On September I 9 ih. 
1986. Muriel Jean, aged SB. lor 
irLmy years a dedicated teacher tn 
KQwforin Dearly loved wife of Peter. 
itioUKT nf Guy CTaire and Craig. 
grandmoUier of Naotm. Funeral at 51 
Jahnv Church. Hartley wuitno. al 
1 1 30am. on Friday. 26th Septem- 
ber Family flowers onh . 

PETTIT On Tuesday 23rd September. 
Alice Mary. Peacefully in hospital 
aged 87 years. Darting wife of Ihr 
Utc Frank R Petto, knot and loving 
mother of Snetia. Jeon and John, 
grandmother and great grandmoth- 
er funeral Service al St James' 
Chinch. Muntcil HUL MO. on 
Tuesday. 30th September at 2pm 
toUovicd bv private interment Cut 
flower* onlv or donations la Clip*:. 
Heart and Stroke Asfionaliwi 01 Hem 
the Vged 

ROBINSON on September 13lh at 
Cor hen Germany, antimm Vrctnc. 

CoK-rtor H.M. Cuvimns and tv- 
I IW. Crwnivt No nailer* plrasc hut 
dnttalions if dwind lo R M I r/o 
rjtde*cLfle Bank. SkrlmurLe. 

SCHWABE. Michael ThacKcray - On 
2 i$t September. 1986 after a enp- 
pbng illness bravely ToughL Late of 
7th Queen's Own Hussars and Uie 
Ministry of Defence. Muscat Oman. 
Much tov ed brother of Susan. Ann 
and Alec. Funeral at Aldershot Cre- 
matorium on Tuesday. 30th 
September al 1Z noon. Rowers to 
HC. Patrick. Fare ham. Surrey. 

SHEARER -On September 23rd. 1986. 
suddenly and peacefully In hosnttaL 
PhylUs Mary- dear wife of Russell. 
Service at the Methodist Church. 
Shaftesbury, on Monday. September 
29th ai 3pm. rollowcd by cremation 
at Salisbury Private flowers only, 
donations if desired, to Overseas Mis- 
sions c/oGE Johnson A Son Funeral 
Direcmrv. High SL Shaftesbury. 

STEPHENS - On September 22nd. J E 
C. FCA. known to all as Steve. Ser- 
vice at Ink pen Church al 11.00 am 
on September 29th. Donations to 
British Heart Foundation pi c f erred 
to flowers please. 

STONE - On September 23W. 1986. 
Paddy- at SL Boniface HospitaL 
Winnipeg. Canada. Dearly loved son 
of Lottie and brother of Emily. 

TAYLOR • On 23rd September, peace- 
fully al wuhybush Hospital. 
Haverford West- Joan Avan! Taylor 
of Mary Cottage. St David's. Dyfed. 
Beloved wife of the late WiflUm 
Riley Taylor, mother of Christopher 
and tan and of Ore fate Gillian 
Maccabe. Funeral on Friday. 26th 
September at 11 00 am at St. David's 
CalhedraL to be fallowed by crema- 
tion at Parc cwvn crematorium. 
Narberth Rowers welcome or. if de- 
sired. donations to Endownment for 
Surgical LwL WUhvbush HospitaL 
r/o Lloyds Bank. SL David's. Dyfed. 

TENNANT On September 22nd. sud- 
denly at Winchester. Robert Tennant 
B Sc.. A.R LB-A.. late of 
Worf m griam. aged 63 years. Bdovea 
husband of Isabel, toved and loving 
father of Kale and Alan. Cremation 
at Leather bead Crematorium on 
Tuesday September 30th al 3.30 pm. 
Famdv flowers only. 

TESTER-BROWN - On September t9th 
peacefully m hospital. Ken Funeral 
Service at Putney Vafe Crematorium 
on Mondav. September 29th at 
1 1 00 am. No flowers please, but 
donations to the British Heart 

THORNLEY On September 2 Isl 
peacefully at Lagb-on Sea. Ethel 
Harriet, beloved mother of Dennis. 
Patricia and Kobe. Funeral Service 
at iO .45 am on Friday. September 
26th at Highlands Methodist Church. 
Sutherland Boulevard. Leigh -on-Sea. 
foOowed by cremation. No flowers. 
Oonaooizs to Or. Bamako's. 
Tanner’s Lane. BartingsWe. 


AFOLD - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the ttfp of Jotm MarKmzfe Apotd 
wd be held at Paisley Aboey on 
Wednesday ihr 8 B 1 October at 

NEAGLE - 4 SmJCP of Thanksgiving 
tor the Ufe and Work of Dame Anna 
Neagle. followed by a Musical Tnb- 
uto. will be held in WeSmtnsKr 
Abbev at 11 30am. on Monday. 
October 20 th. 1986 An Orchestra 
will play tram 1 1 . 15am. Those wish- 
ing to attend are invited to apply for 
tickets in writing to: The Receiver 
General. Room 15. 20 Dean's Yard. 
Westminster Abbey. London. SW 1 P 
3 PA. 1 tve losing a stamped addressed 
envelope, by Monday. October 6 th. 
Tickets wtif be pasted or Monday- 
October 13th. All are welcome to 

READ A Memorial Service far Colo- 
nel CF. iPenslWTJ *Wd. O.SJL. 
foramb' of the Wutshtrr Regiment 
and Royal Military PoHce. will be 
held on Saturday. October 1 1th In 
the Corps Chapel. Rotsatbxi Bar 
racks. ChKhester al 1130 am. 
fgflowed by a reception In the 
Officers' Men. Those intending lo be 
present are asked lo telephone R H 
Huab Chichester <02431 786311 m. 

SUTHERLAND - A Memorial Service 
for Sir Jain Sutherland wtfl be fteu 
on Thursday-. 9lh October at 12 noon 
at The Crown Court Church of Scot- 
land. Ruwc Street. Coven t Carden. 
London U C 2 . 

TOVEV - A Memorial Service for 
Martono Tovey win be held on 
Thursday-. J 6 tn October at CbeHca 
OM Church. Old Church St. London 
; SW3 al 12 noon. 


LAItBSCffER. Nancv Mutw On Sep 
imwr 25Ul. 1°85 Our brlcuw 
Ttraoire. LwT mour Owugms espe- 
cioltv lodav Ivon. John and 


Dark Age Europort found 

By Norman Hanunond, Archaeology Correspondent 

British archaeologists working in northern France - 
have found what ihey believe w be the lost port of 
Quentovic. a Dark Age contemporary of eariy 
Southampton on the coast of Normandy. 
Founded in the seventh century. Quentovic was a 
main gateway lo the Coiuweni for British 
pilgrims. _ ... 

Historical records show that Uie port flourished 
for two centuries, with a sacking by the Vikings in 
842 AD being followed by refonificanon by 
Charles ihc Bald in 865 AD.. It bad a mint in 
Carotingian times, but by the end of the temh ' 
centurv had dropped out of documentary 
mention. . . ' • 

The site that has been found lies tn the Cancbe 
I valley 20 miles south of Boulogne, inland from 
1 the present seaside resort of Baples and west of 
Montreuil. Mr Keith Maude of the Canche 
; Valley Survey, reports in Popular Archaeology 
I bow it was discovered after nearly a century of 
speculation by French archaeologists. 

Remains of ihe relevant period were turned up 
I by drainage work, and M P. Leman, of the French 
Archaeological Service, a co-director of the 

survey, suggested that Quenrovic Jay near the 
village of Viscmarest The name may derive from 
Wic-en-marais. or the me in the marshes: i vie is a 
familiar element in place names for commercial 
towns of this period, as in Ipswich. Eorforwic 
(York). Hamwic (Southampton) and Aldwych in 

Field survey over the pest two years dem- 
onstrated that settlement of the Merovingian and 
Carolinian periods existed south of Visemarest, 
and excavations this year have located pits of tire 
seventh and eighth centuries. Large blocks of 
masonry have been brought to the surface by 
ploughing. ., 

Among the artefacts found .have been pottery 
vessels, loom weights and spindle wboris, which 
arc being housed in a new museum uiErapJes. Mr 
Maude points out that remains need to be 
identified over a large area, at least SO hectares 
(1 25 acres) and perhaps up to-250 hectares in size, 
in order to substantiate the hypothesis that this 
site is the lost. "Dark -.Age- Europort" of 
Quentovic. and not just a -small village -of the 
same period. ... 



Versatile dancer and 


Paddy Stone, a Chadian ^ 


raoa y atone. * <1958), and suer a 

dancer. chorcograptoer.dd.- )”™- xlisl , r y „, m (Prmcc of 
rector, who became fern iiiar w . 1 95S>. 

the theatre on both sides of the ^ wa s found on 

Atlantic, died at Winnipeg on “ ^ End programmes. 
September 23. He was 61 Slimes also as director - as 
He turned his exceptional ^ ^f /arv Simhinc at the 
skill as a dancer, acquired at w . -, 96i Hc choreo- 
ao early age in his nauve Comed>.m no- 

Winnipeg, to the design and fXdSohL 1 964) and worked ai 



University news 

Mr N.BJL Borthwick 
and Miss R.H. SaJtresc 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, elder son of the 
late Mr J.A. Borthwick and of 
Mrs E.A. Borthwick, of 
Wadhurst, East Sussex, and 
Hong Kong, and Rosalind, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs NJ. 
Saltrese. of Formby, 

Mr HJ. Clarke 
and Miss SJL Sttadwick 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh Clarke, FRCS. 
eldest son of Dr and Mrs HJ. 
Clarke, of Eastbourne, and San- 
dra. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R.W. Shad wick, of Tauranga. 
New Zealand. 

Captain R.L.M. Hacked 
and Miss EJ-S- Evans 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Hackett, The 
Worcestershire and Sherwood 
Foresters Regiment (29th/45th 
Fool), youngest son of the late 
Brigadier J.H.M. Hackett. DSO, 
OBE, and Mis J.H.M. Hackett, 
of Les Vjllets. Forest, Guernsey, 
and Erica, eldest daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
E.W.P. Evans, of Paddock 
Farm. Holme Hale, Norfolk. 

Mr R.C. Haney 
and Miss O.PjV- Hodgson 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Charles, son of 
Mr Reginald Harvey and the 
late Mrs Constance Harvey, of 
Warlingham. Surrey, and 
Odevne Patricia Alison, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Brian 
Hodgson, of Chandlers. Furriers 
Green. Uckfieid. Sussex. 

Mr J S. Hatam-Attenboroogh 
j and Miss HX. Brewer 
I The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Lieuten- 
ant-Commander and Mrs W. 
Hutton- Attenborough, of Strat- 
ford-upon-Avon, and Helen, 
daughter of Mr John T. Brewer 
and the late Mis Eileen Brewer, 
of Rickmansworth. 

Mr TC-B- Johnson 
and Miss A-C« 

The engagement is announced 
between Tom, son of Mr and 
Mrs Btois Johnson, of Stable 
House. Encombe. Wareham, 
and Azade. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs M.E. Ce. of Izmir, Turkey. 

Mr J.C. Lawrence 
and Miss AILS Harper 
The engagement is announced 
between James, second son of 
Mr and Mrs DJH- Lawrence, of 
Park Avenue. Bedford, and 
Sophie, youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs RJ. Harper, of 
Donigcrs House. Swanmore, 


Latest appointments include: 

Mr RJN. Le Mandrel to be 
Assistant Auditor General, Na- 
tional Audit Office, in succes- 
sion to Mr R.A. Birch, who has 
returned to the Department of 
Health and Social Security as an 

Mr Andrew J. Bennett to be 
Chief Natural Resources Ad- 
viser at the Overseas Develop- 
ment Administration, in 
succession to Mr Andrew T. 
Wilson, who is retiring. 
Professor Peter J. Thompson to 
be Chief Executive of the Na- 
tional Council for Vocational 

The following have been ap- 
pointed members of the Central 
Council for Education and 
Training in Social Work: 

Kina Lady Avebury. Dr Beulah 
Bewley (both London). Mr Peter 
Crcsswell (Liverpool). Miss 
Stella Hall (Essex), Miss Mary 
Hannoll (Aberdeen). Eh- Jill 
Michael (Coleraine). Professor 
John O'Neill (Nottingham). 
Professor Phyllida Parsloe (Bris- 
tol). Professor Geoffrey Pearson 
(Middlesex). Mr Bernard Scott 
(Glasgow). Mr Paul Senior 
(Doncaster) and Mr Tom 
Storrie (Watford). 

Mr5J\G. bee 
and Miss FJ. Andrews 
The engagement is. announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs Philip Lee, of Wamham, 
West Sussex, and Fiona, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mis 
Bernard Andrews, of Kenil- 
worth. Warwickshire. 

Mr J.C. Li ringstone-Leai month 
and Miss LF- Stewart-Uberty 
The engagement is announced 
between John Christian, son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel LJ. Living- 
stone-Learmonth. DSO, MC, 
and Mrs Livingstone- 
Lcarmomh. of Green Ena Farm. 
Sarratt. Hertfordshire, and 
Elizabeth Fiona, daughter of Mr 
A. I. Stewart-Uberty. MC and 
Mrs Stewart-Uberty. of The 
Lee. Buckinghamshire. 

Mr P.W. Nelson 

and Miss MJL Holmes • 

The engagement is announced 
between Phillip William, son of 
Mr and Mrs G.F. Nelson, of 
Croydon. Surrey, and Lucy, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs' Nicho- 
las Holmes, of Hook Norton, 

Dr AJ)J. Nicholl 
and Miss SJL. Sharpe 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of Mis 
V.M. Chariton, of Nortirwootf, 
Middlesex, and Sarah, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs G.S. Sharpe, of 
Ipswich, Suffolk. 

Mr P.C. Robertson 
and Miss SJT. Potter 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mrs Robin Robertson, of 
Tonbridge, and Susannah, sec- 
ond daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Brian Potter, of Birmingham. 

Mr J. de B. Scott 
and Miss SJEL Archer 
The engagement is announced 
between Justin, son of Mr and : 
Mrs David Scott, of Harnage 
Grange. Shropshire, and Sarah, 
eldest daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs G.D. Archer. , 
of Henstridge, Somerset 

Mr A Verstraeten 

and Miss S. van der Meerschen 
The engagement is announced 4 
between Alain, son of Mr and 
Mrs Yves Verstraeten,.-. of- 
Wemmel Belgium, and Sylvie ; 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Paul - 
van der Meerschen, of Ter- 
vurcn, Belgium. 

Francis Holland 

The birthday of the Francis 
Holland School. Clarence Gate, 
will be celebrated on September 
27. beginning with choral eu- 
charist at St Cyprian's Church, 
followed by the annual meeting 
and luncheon at the school. For 
further details please ring the 
School Secretary on 01-723 
0176. ; , 

,/ionipeg, to the design and gr P ^ at 

ordering of movement in a JfS a p ,Sd um with Cliff Rich- 
number, of West End musied the WHaotum Two 

shows. At one poinL too. he md I »n 1 , ater . 

played half-a-dozen paris Ro " f "’w mds^he did a variety 

among the ofworfcfor shows in Amstcr- 

Sighttown (1959), an Amen- 0 nc p)accs< besides 

can play, done in °JJ^^phing P some ballets, 

.the Arts with Zero Mosiel, choreo^P ^ did much 

which sought to chart a pas- lor for exam pie. in 

sap through .James Joyces (0 ihe and 

BSi^'Sjne's life v® The G^Compmom^ 
ven w Uie dance. Born on on Mleviaon >« ' anous 


nween 1938 and 1946. 

ie company of the Royal generated enthusiasm in his 
ailet at Covent Garden, colleagues. ___ 

here he remained for a time His style was nrog- 

i principal dancer, until there mzable. He took bis work very 
as a drastic change . of scene senously, and n tad ^ both 
hen he became Wild Horse humour and simplicity, rte 
prpmonial dancer in Annie never liked to o - 

St Andrews • 

Professor William Shaw '(pic- 
tured}. professor of divinity, has 
been appointed Principal of St 
Mary's College. St Andrews, for 
a four-year term. 

Grants totalling more than 
£300,000 have been awarded to 
the department of zoology and 
marine biology for research on 
further - understanding of 
developmental .processes and 
the functioning of the nervous 
system in animals. They come 
largely from the Science and 
Engineering Research Council 
and the Medical Research 


The Leverituline Trust has 
awarded a grant of up Go £98. 750 
towards the establishment over 
five years of a teaching/reseaxch 
fellowship in sign language, to be 
based at, the schoolof education. 
UMIST .••• ■’ 

Grants • 


and Dr D.C_J. Gardner tor research 
an plasmid host-interactions to yeast; 
£64000 10 Professor J. GanMe for 
research on particle -technology and 
reaction eng i nee r ing*. £66350 to 
Professor e!t. Woodbam. Dr R. 
Rttchlrigs and P R. Senior for research 
on transtent phenome na nsodated 
with fauobie coalescence drainage. and 
breakage in Ihree-phaee froth (Joint 
gram witti cnmtuiiaitonX £ 60.000 to 
j. Dwyer and Dr J. Dewing (or wtde- 
freaueftQi- range FTIR stikgof aedve 
sites in zeolite < raffiajfiiSSWl tt 
t.G- VJcJccldae. .n:\Loqjj, and W. IK. 
•teuierman tor research on todtract. 
casts oF- sewerage . rth a b tWfa rion: 
£61.470 to Professor A. c. Rose-tones, 
and Dr J. Loweti tor expenmenoH' 
Wvesugatlan of cordsa cbargtngr- 
£109^31 jo Professor R.H. HotUer 
far a leaching company with ICI (plus 
£61.952 from icrT £77^30 to 
Professor SJi. Re« for inarch. on- 
foam-retafoccerfi SBRuCtum : etomuiH 1 1 
far impact enerjor. absorption: 
£62.000 and £96.700' to Professor 
BJ. Davp*. tor support on CAD/CAM 
protects and research on computer- 
touwaied.matufacbire resnecavcSn 
£197.838 to .Profes sor, D TE. 
Wtntetbone and Or J.P.. Pacter for 
research on ttoncWtolcs, of hlgii- 
swiri direct -taleukm dleset ecgines: 
C63M30 to Or AJ. Vnle and Dr 
Watkins for compulation and 

research on the. thertnomert^nlcaJ 
properties' of short fibre NOMnd 
potymem. • 

MU MSlry of Prtence: £64.430 to 
Professor J O. WHUaras as. So Ml' 
Uonat grant for research on. Unproved 

^ximbeT 16, 1924, He 

trained in particular with the 
Rpval Winnipeg Balleu of 
which he was premier donseur 
between 1938 and 1946. 

That year h^ joined the 
chorus of Annie Get Your Gun. 
in New York, and during foe 
same year, in London, joined 
the company of the Royal 
Ballet at Covent Garden, 
where he remained for a time 
as principal dancer, until there 
was a drastic change , of scene 
when he became Wild Horse 
Ceremonial dancer in Annie 
Get Your Gun at the Coliseum 
{1947-48). He appeared in 
cabaret in London, Paris and 
elsewhere in Three’s Company 

As well as other dancing 
engagements, he began his 
second career, as a choreogra- 
pher and director. His nrst 
work as a choreographer was 
for the ballet Classko , in 
Winnipeg in 1954. He did 

Handsome and slight, he 
was a keen poker player who 
would be found one night 
playing professionally tor high 
slakes and the next with his 
friends for tuppence a time. 
He also eiuoyed_backgammon 

and was something of a movie 
buff, especially fond of old 
black and white musicals. 

He never married 


tnujcvta dnu IW 

muwaicjl matin 
£197.838 to 
WtuteTOOne and 

. ,Miss Nancy Hickey, OBE, a 
distinguished nurse and mid- 
wife. and a former chairman 
of the Central Midwives’ 
Board, died on September 22 
al the age of 62. 

Nancy Maureen Hickey was 
born on August 31, 1924, and 
educated at Woking Second- 
ary School for Girls. She 
trained first for two years in 
orthopaedic' nursing at Lord 
Mayor ’ Tfeloar 1 . Hospital,. 
Hampshire, before moving .to 

- GuyVand the Sussex Materni- 
ty HospitaL 

She subsequently gained the 
Midwife Teacher's Diploma 
and - became a midwifery 
teacher at Guy's in 1955. 

Two years later she was 
appointed midwifery superin- 
. tendent at Pembuiy HospitaL 
“Kent, ’ where .she remained 

- until' J 965; when she became 
Matron of Coventry Materni- 
ty HospitaL The successful 

- commissioning and opening 
of this new hospital ihe follow-. 
,ing year was due largely to her 
valuable contribution. 

In 1970, she was appointed 
Chief Nursing Officer in Cov- 
entry. and tn 1974 Area 
• Nursing Officer. 

Lt was a demanding post; 
but she was happiest meeting 
the patients, and she always 
found time to visit the wards 
both day and night. 

During her career she 
served on numerous commit- 
tees, held office locally and 
nationally within the Royal 
College of Midwives, and was 
a keen Soroptomist, being 
'president of the Coventry 
Club in 1971.. 

* She became a member of 
the Central Midwives' Board 
for England and Wales in 
1973, and was chairman from 
1979 to 1983. 

- She was appointed OBE for 
her services to nursing and 
midwifery in 1978, retiring the 
next year after completing 41 
years in the profession. 

Nancy Hickey was a nurse 
administrator of.considerable 
ability who Deter lost ha- 
sense of vocation A gentle 
person, she will long be re- 
membered for her immense 
kindness and understanding 
towards patients and staff, and 
for her unfailing support of 
those who worked under her. 

She never married. 


tor detection or cyanide detection for 
on-Une flltw. . talus monitoring; 
£66284 to Dr W.N. Ctiarown for 
further evaluation of visual optical 

CKerseas Develo p ment A&soctadofU 
£79.897 to I. Vtrtcridge tor cantrac- 
uui arrangements' for operaltonsa. 
maintenance ana training a ssociated 
with eugjneertno protects. __ 
International Computers Ltd! £82-396 
to Professor D. Morris. Dr R. Plumps 
and CJ. -meaner tor MMl Laboratory 
• an Infrastructu re projec t ( Ajveyl. 
Qoaimtsstan of European Ckiuuu- 
nilles: £103-600 to Dr MA Browne , 
for research on auto m at io n at DNA 

UXAEA: C95.000 To Professor M.G. 
RDSfitxtooe for-Spheromak acuity. . 
British Tecttnotogy Group; £6 850 0 to 
Dr C.A. Lawrence for research on disc 
spinning f grant extension). 

Dashing White Ball 

The Dashing White Ball will be 
held at the Savoy Hotel oo 
Thursday. October 16, in aid of 
the Environ menial Medicine 
Foundation. Tickets are still 
available from the secretary. 
Pleas*; telephone 01-229 3090. 
evenings only. 


Carlton Club 

Mr Eric Koops. Chairman of the 
Political Committee of ihe 
Carlton Club, presided at a 
luncheon heldyesterday ai Old 
Broad Street The Hon Nicholas 
Ridley. MP. was the guest of 
honour and Mr Joseph Egerion 
also spoke. 

Science report 

:Mr William James Fergu- 
son, whose work for Lloyd's 
Register of Shipping over 
•many years was of exceptional 
value, died on September 8 at 
. the age of 86. 

Born on July I, 1900, he 
attended Liverpool Universi- 
ty and worked in shipbuilding 
and the Merchant Navy, be- 
fore joining Lloyd's Register 
in 1928, as an engineer 

"After gaining experience in 
Switzerland, at Abadan and at 
•home, be became assistant to 
the Chief Engineer Surveyor 


> v-im i re r^Irff7T7T^Tfj 

advised the United Kingdom 
delegation to the London con- 
ference on the Internationa] 
Convention for the Safety of 
Life at Sea. 

Ferguson's all-round ability 
was such that, instead of 
succeeding to the post of chief 
engineer surveyor, he was 
appointed chief executive in- 
1950 and. four years later. 
Secretary of Lloyd’s Register, 
an office only once. before held 
by a technical man. 

■ Inheriting a pre-war admin- 
istrative structure, he had lo 
cope with a period of unprece- 
dented expansion, mid to clar- 
ify the society's role in the face 

of political and technical 
change. He brought to his 
tasks exceptional energy, vi- 
sion, mastery of detail, and the 
capacity to deal with people at 
all levels. 

During the lime when his 
influence was paramount na- 
tional committees were creat- 
ed or resurrected in Australia. 
.New Zealand, Japan, India. 
Greece, Finland and Norway. 
Services to industries outside 
Shipping were established, re- 
search was expanded comput- 
ers introduced, publicity • 
initiated, and the first career 
openings provided for worn- 

m ••7i’ - "I'li 

society decided on a policy of 
independence, while broaden-, 
ing the range of inspections' 
undertaken for governments. 

Ferguson also served as 
chairman of the council of the . 
Institute of Marine Engineers, 
and as a council member of 
the Institution of Naval 

In later life he was a devotee 
of opera, ballet and fringe 
theatre: he was also a shrewd 
investor and an expert cook. . . 

His wife, formerly Pauline 
Mudie, whom he - married in 
1928. died in 1968. Hc is 
survived by their three daugh- 

*Zr\**"\ •- 



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■ M 

Surprise at morning heart attacks 


By Pearce Wright Science Editor 

A casual comment at a scien- 
tific conference led to research 
showing that heart attacks occnr 
most mien in (be morning, 
around nine o’clock. Mach to 
their surprise, doctors hare 
found increasing evidence 
confirming that not only do 
heart attacks happen most fre- 
quently eariy in the day. bat the 
same "applied to strokes and 
boats of aoglna- 

Scientists hope the discovery 
will lead to a better understand- 
ing of why they happen at all. 

The studies which revealed 
this eariy morning syndrome 
began two years ago. An account 
of the subsequent research and 
its conclusions, which is now 
supported by 1$ different re- 
ports. is reported In Science, the 
fonrnal of the American Associ- 
ation for the Advancement of 

Yet it ail began by chance 
when Dr James Mailer, of the 
Harvard Medical School in the 
United States, presented Ihe 
results of a trial with two well- 
known drops (propranolol and 
hvalanmidane) for reducing die 
damage in patients who stmire 
a heart attack- 

A chance observation by a 
member of the audience was that 
Dr Kloller'ls results seem to 
show that heart attacks were 
more likely in winter than in 
summer. Subsequently, tire Har- 
vard team analysed its data in 
more detail It coaid not 
substantiate seasonal dif- 

But the scientists found some- 
thing peculiar about the timing 
of heart attacks. They tended to 
occur around 9.00am. Other 
research teams found similar 

The Harvard team was con- 
cerned to case there was some 
special factor about the 847 
patients in its trial. 

When tire researchers exam- 
ined the records of 2.000 other 
individuals, who bad had* at- 
rarks hot had been ruled ineli- 
gible for the trial they found the 
same trend. 

To be certain, the team then 
looked at (be details of the blood 
tests done on the patients. They 
wanted 10 know whether pa- 
tienis onl) reported (heir heart 
attack when tbe woke up. 

What they examined was the 

concentration of a fnocfaenacaL 
called creatra kinase, (bar is 
released imo the Mood stream 
four hours after an attack 

Measurements showed that 
the 9 -00am theory still held up. 
Dr MaBer consulted other 
specialists. Dr Thomas Robert- 
son and Dr John Marie, of the 
National Institute of Neurologi- 
cal and CwnoBteiie Dis- 
orders add • Stroke- They 
examined 1.200 computer 
records of strokes and the time 
of onset. 

Tbe information showed an 
even . stronger fink with the 
morning attack than .that of 
heart attacks. 

The scientists believe this b 
an exciting finding because it 
may provide dues to oader- 
staodhig why chronic bean dis- 
ease suddenly converts to ad . 
acute condition. 

A possible e xp l anati on of 
whut ihe> are seeking is the 
subject uf the- science report 

Source? Science, volume 233, 
.page 417-418. 1986. 

Sir Vincent Lloyd Jones. 
QC. who died on September 
23 at ihe age of 84. wasa Judge 
of the High Court, . Family 
Division, from i960 to 1972. 

Ham- Vincent LloydJones 
was bom on October 16, 1901. 
and educated at Marylebone 
Grammar School. University 
College London and Jesus 
College. Oxford, where he 
took degrees in English lan- 
guage and literal uref) 923) and 
jurisprudence (1924). 

He .was President of tbe 
Oxford Union in 1925. and 
that year went with its debat- 
ing team to ihe United States. 

He was called to the Bar bv 
the Inner Temple m 1926 and 

buili up a practice on the 
Wales and Chester Circuit, 
taking silk in 1949. 

He was successively Re- 
corder of Chester (1952-58) 
and Recorder of Cardiff 
(1958-60) before being ap- 
pointed. in 196 a a High Court 
Judge, in what was then the 
Probate: Divorce and Admi- 
ralty Division. In that year he 
was also knighted. 

Bpih his old colleges, at 
Oxford and London, made 
him an Hon Fellow. 

y^l'd-Joncs married, in 
1933, Margaret Alwena. 
daughter of G. H. Mathias. 

1 ne> nad a son and a daugh- 





M Pierre Wjgny, who. as 
Belgian foreign minister from 
1958 to 1961. supervised the 
final stages of Belgium's with- 
drawal from the Congo, now 
Zaire, leading to indepen- 
dence in I960, died on Sep- 
. lerober 21. He was 81. 

He faced fierce criticism of 
his country over the circum- 
stances of its pull-out. which 
Was followed by civil war. ' 

, A graduate in international 
gw. Wi£ty was co-founder of 
Jkl&raro s Social Christian 
Party. His first government - 

P 0 * % ^ colonial minister 
from 1947io 1950. 

After his spell as foreinn 
minister, he served as justice 

Frewrif f nd minisler for 
Hg* cu,lure in 1967 and. 


* Television 




Urban alienation seems to be 
the mood of the moment Shift 
. . Work (BBC2) pitched the 
tufcssage at its Weakest bat 
most beguiling. It was a one- 
hour film which Starred Mau- 
reen Upman as a mhimh 
driver who picks np an arche- 
typical fat, wealthy Arab at 
Heathrow Airport; her pas- 
senger dies on the hard shoul- 
der of the M4, and what 
should have been a good Cue 
pins a big tip becomes a 
nightmare as the distraught 
driver tries to find a resting 
place for the corpse in the 
heartless city. 

The hospital refuses him, 
the mortnary is shot, the 
poSpe are inthnidating and I 
undertaker needs a death 
certificate- Between each re- 
jection the- woman tries to 
telephone her children, whose 
boy baby-sitter keeps the tele- 
phone line occupied by calling 
his own mother. As the cold, 
wet, luridly-lit night grows 
longer, the driver becomes 
fond of her dead passenger and 
refuses a friend's suggestion 
that the. corpse be qnietty 
dumped in a deserted street 

At last in a bitter meta- 
phorical comment on society’s 
capacity for caring, they carry 
|Ve corpse into the ' private 
wing of a West End hospital, 
tack his well-stuffed wallet 
under his arm and abandon 
him with success and dear 

Shift Work was written by 
Lesley Bruce and directed by 
Angela Pope, to whom the true 
story was first told. Pope has a 
distinguished background in 
rarftg-style social documenta- 
ries, and gave this film a laid- 
back, naturalistic feel which 
was appropriate to its setting 
but which could have engaged 
the eye more positivdy. 

wlore Mack titan comedy, 
with superb thumbnail chary 
acterization of the supporting 
roles ami a magnificant perfor- 
mance by Maureen Upman, 
this will be one of the year’s 
most memorable single dra- 
mas. It created with subtlety 
the marginal world of inner- 
city deprivation and its trou- 
bled interfaces with authority 
and the rich. 

Celia Brayfield 


DonsU Corner 

De Niro at the 
Royal Court 

Robert de Niro is likely to 
aij-ocar at the Royal Court next 
vcar in a further exchange 
between the Sloane Square 
theatre and Joseph Papp’s 
Public Theater in New York. 
The play, a contemporary one, 
is called Cuba and his Teddy 
Bear and is by Reinaldo 
Povod. Max Stafford Clark, 
the Court’s artistic director, 
was in negotiation witii De 
Niro yesterday with a view to 
an opening next March. In 
return the Court will send 
Road to the Public Theater. 

Following Cuba Shake- 
speare will return to Sloane 
3cT;arc after an absence of 
.warty years. Stafford Clark 
will direct Henry IV. Parts l 
and //. plus Henry' V. which 
will run in repertory through 
May, June and July. 

national tour — thmr*r»hmrwf 

18 September-12 October 8pm 
(Sundays 3 8 7pm) 

wtth familiar tacts from Gregory s 
CM and That Sinking FeaUng, 

ing John Gordon Sinclair 

" A remarkable pnxkKttotr 

— Irving Wanfle THE TIMES 
-One of the funnlmat, saddest and 

rnost pertinent phcaa I ham scan 
m years '’ — THE US7&ER 
-Extremely tunny with line* that 

stick India mind long idtar” 

-An eloquent evening" 


:atEpfT CARPS g3TQ6433j 


The F air Maid of the 

Swan, Stratford 

Not much has been seen of 
Thomas Heywood’s Fair Maid on 
the British stage for a century or 
two, but she returns to the Swan, in 
the last of this' year’s productions, 
as if she had never gone west at alL 

On comes Joe Melia as a quaking 
Jftwy FChorus, only to be howled 
off and then pelted with fruit when 
he comes back as a helineted 
prologue to Troifus and Cressida. 
By inis time, even the paying 
customers are rooting for “Bess 
Bridges**, and life company capitu- 
lates and agrees to play the story of 
the Plymouth barmaid, even 
though the members may have to 
make some of it up as they go 

Such is the cunning opening of 
Trevor Nunn’s production, which 
at once re-creates jhe atmosphere 
of Elizabethan jingoism which 
Bess's story needs as a plant needs 
water,- and also lets, you know in 
advance that this is no ' perfor- 
mance for the Heywood purist (if 
such a parson exists). 

The Fair Maid is like the career 
of Brecht's Pirate Jenny gone right. 
Beginning as the toast of the Hoe 
drinking set, she falls for the gallant 
young Spencer, who flees into exile 

after a tavern brawl. Migrating to - 
Cornwall, she makes her fortune, ■ 
only to learn: of bis supposed death 
at the- . bands of the ’ Spanish; 
■whereupon- she buys a ship,. has it 
painted Mack, and sets sail with a 
crew of enslaved admirers to wreak 
revenge on her lover’s supposed 
killers. There ensues a long string' 
of ad ven lures which turn on Bess 
just 'mrsung~Spencer on .the high 
seas, and in the court of the King of 
Fez, before a last-minute reunion 
which saves both from beheading 
and -.extends the fame of Britain 
from Spain to Morocco. 

• .The story, in other words, begins 
in the best vein of Elizabethan 
. realism and then takes a plunge 
into extravaganza. This ' process 
begins in Part I and proceeds to the 
reckless limit in Part 11. Mr Nunn 
has conflated, both plays into a 
three-hour text, and drawn on 
every .available device from John 
Napier’s environmental staging, 
music, planted audience response 
and' crafty casting to draw the 
whole thing into an entertainment . 
hopefully as consistent as an out-" 
ofeseason pantomime. - ' 

There is no problem -whatever 
with the opening scenes, which 
show Bess running -a tight tavern 
and standing no nonsense from her 
clientele. And . these scenes do 
prepare the way for the vi 
. they enable her to recruit bar 


Butter-fingered hilarity: Pete Postieth waite (second left) with Paul Greenwood and Imelda Staunton 


crew. First she shames a treach- 
erous captain into becoming her 
devoted ally. Then she rounds on 
another braggart. Roughman, and 
waylays him in mal&attire, proving 
his cowardice so effectively that 

she turns him into a real man. 

Pete Postieih waite’s perfor- 
mance as this oaf is one of the 
delights of the show. It makes a 
fascinating sequel -to -his other 
braggart, Bobadill. in the Swan 

production of Every Man in His 
Humour. This time he is a butter- 
fingers. making his first entry by 
throwing an apple into the air and 
foiling to catch it on his sword; but 
once he has discovered his courage 

no feat of legerdemain is beyond 

The opening scenes are diversi- 
fied with Elizabethan dance and 
pastiche folk-song (by Sean 
Davey); there is also the sight of 
Simon Russell Beale trailing round 
the company.' book in hand, read- 
ing pul urgent dialogue in tones of 
undisguised panic. A great gear- 
change takes place when the ship' 
puts to sea. with a prolonged 
chorus and the transformation of 
the stage into a deck with a sail 
surmounted by a top-gallery crow's 

It is not only the stage that is 
transformed The characters too. 
keel-bauled along by the plot, lose 
their original outlines and shrivel 
into heroic cyphers. At this point, 
the director moves into the fore- 
ground, engineering moments of 
applied absurdity, going to town on 
the comedy and thrills of physical 
action, and building delicate at- 
mospheric bridges with back- 
ground music. 

The main shock conics when we 
arrive at the court of Mullisheg. 
where the hitherto unexplained 
presence of Joe Melia, hanging 
around on the sidelines, is at last 
revealed when he lumbers on in a 
Lurcx bedspread to do what he can 
to salvage the King of Fez. It is a 
task to daunt the greatest down; 
and it taxes Melia’s resources of 
Abemazer-like guile and stand-up 
comedy to the limit. Thanks to 
him, the final episodes just about 
survive. Imelda Staunton, a brisk, 
diminutive figure with a voice that 
ranges from fiery’ command to 
elegiac song, earns Bess the ap- 
plause of more than the patriotic 
plants. Among the busily doubling 
company I must also single out 
Paul Greenwood and Trevor 

Irving Wardle 

‘Just sparkle!’ — , — — 

plays Yum-Yum in his Tiewproduction of The Mikado which : . 
opens at the Coliseum on Saturday* but she may well do a great 
deal more than that: interview by Richard Morrison 

A night at the operetta 

Alan Walter 

At first. admits Lesley Garrett, 
she was less than rapturous 
about being. Yum-Yum in 
Jonathan Miller’s new English 
National Opera production of 
The. Mikado. “I slightly re- 
sented having to pl^y this 
empty-headed person, and I 
couldn’t fathom out how to do 
iL Jonathan wanted the three 
little maids to be totally 
carefree and sparkly — as they 
were in old musicals. It’s very 
difficult for a modern woman 
just to glitter and stop think- 
ing. I would ask a .question, 
and Jonathan, would say *Oh, 
stop being fntdligeni! Just 

Added to that, when she 
first read through W 5. 
Gilbert's venerable libretto, 
she did not exactly foil about 
laughing. “I thought: oh com. 
com." She had problems, too, 
finding the right speaking 
voice. "Coming from Don- 
caster. it's not the easiest thing 
to do an edit !930s-BBC 

But the young soprano who 
once learnt circus tricks bn a 
tightrope simply to play 
Esmerelda in The Bartered 
Bride is used to working 
grittily to get things right. "I 
soon realized 1 was just a cog 
in a style, and how funny it 
would be to maintain, that 
style.” That style, suggested to 
all the cast by Miller, was of 
Marx Brothers’ films. “I 
watched A Night at the 
Opera ", she says, "and the 
juve leads in that are Yum- 
Yum and Nanld-Poo to a T.” 

But for that elusive accent, 
she turned to another' Im- 
mortal Celluloid Moment- "1 . 
now have what I call my Brief 
Encounter fix. Every other day 
I take a peep at Celia Johnson 

in salient scenes.” Miss Gar-: 
rett obliges with an imitation 
of Miss Johnson saying "let's 
be perfectly happy". Her eye- 
lids flutter demurely, her 
mane of Mack curls shakes 
' with giggles. It sounds good; 
and ft looks even better.- 

At least, t suggest, Sullivan's 
music is relatively straight- 
forward. “Hra, I suppose so", 
she says, not entirely con- 
vinced. "On the other hand 
everyone knows it so weD. 
You feel that if you drop a 
spangle the whole audience is 
going to rise and shout ‘Hey; 
that’s not what happens 
here'” . 

Those who watch Lesley - 
Garrett swapping comic busi- 
ness with Enc Idle (a Ko-Ko 
from Monty Python rather 
than operetta) in the coming 
weeks, or who remember her 
scintillating Valendenne in" 
The Merry Widow or smoul- 
dering Zerfina in Don Gio- 
vanni at Glyndeboume this 
summer, would perhaps find 
it difficult to believe that less 
than four years ago this viva- 
cious lady wont through a: 
trauma which would finish 
most singers. ■ 

Her career had made a 
promising start: in her last 
days at the Royal Academy of 
Music she starred in a still- 
remembered production of 
Cha brier’s L'Etoile ; won the 
Kathleen Ferrier Compe- 
tition. and was accepted for 
the National Opera Studio. 
After a year there, she gradu- 
ated effortlessly to the pro-, 
fessional companies.. She was 
singing Susanna in Opera 
North's The Marriage of 
Figaro when she began to feel 
very iU. Steeped in the "good 
trouper" ethos, she got 
through ail the performances. 

Next day she was rushed to 
hospital. : 

... It was a kidney illness, and 
it took nearly a year for 
^xicialists' to bring it under 
- control She still takes anti- 
' biotics daily. Worse still, per- 
haps, she lost her voice 
completely. "There was:noth-. 
ing physically wrong with it, 
but a voice doesn't exist in 
isolation: it is the first place 
where emotion tells, or sick- 
ness or insecurity. If you go 
through a marriage break- 
down. for instance, ft affects 
your voice incredibly.” Ittook 
her a long time to regain her 
nerve. "Prior to that illness I 
had been, , well fearless is 
■generous — ignorant is more 
accurate. Still, everyone goes 
through a watershed, when 
they lose their innocence and 
discover life is quite bard. It's 
not now so effortless for me to 
walk out cm stage. But I still 
adore it, with a passion un- 
rivalled, I think." 

Her comeback was -in an 
open-air production of Tho- 
mas- and Sally in Regent's 
Park. lt rained, most of the. 
time. “I thought I've strug- 
gled ba dufortmZF Neverthe- 
less a year later she. was an. 
ENO principal. Now she feels 
the whole experience deep-' 
ened her perception as a 
singer. "I can now play vulner- 
able roles like Zerfina much 
better, because she’s also a 
person who’s on the verge of 
having everything taken away. 
Whichever way she moves, 
she is going to lose something, 
you know?” 

-. Consequently rshe ishoping 
.for roles m which she can 
-express what she describes as a 
new-found "calm inside my- 
seir Pamina, perhaps, or 
Mimi. But for the moment 
(with Euridice in ENO’s riot- 

Lesley Garrett as Yum-Yum in her Coliseum i 

Irony upon irony 

Trampets and 

King’s, Glasgow 

Dario Fo is very much in ttae 
air at the moment. Fo produc- 
tions of all shapes and sizes 
blossomed at the Edinburgh 
Festival, and, while at the 
other end of the country 
Bristol’s Theatre. Royal .were 
staging the Italian writer’s first 
force, the . Scottish touring 
company Borderline stopped 
off in Glasgow for a week with 
their exhilaratingly funny 
production of Trumpets and 

Fo can transfer peculiarly 
well to a West of Scotland 
context ( Can V Pay: Won 'i Pay 
was done in a Glasgow setting 
by the TAG company to 
devasiatingly funny. effect). In 
this case; despite the fact that 
Fo here uses the Aldo Morp 
case as the springboard froni 
which to plunge into his Mend 
of specific political satire and 
more general politicized force, 
the whole plot is semi-trans- 
posed successfully, the West of 
Scotland dialect dwelling hap- 
pily in a framework of Italian 
references. Used cannily, this 
makes. for. another layer of 
"humour, adding to Fo's ironic 
use of theatricality The cast 
drop topical and local ref- 
erences inio the tale ofthe Fiat 
factory owner, confused 
through a kidnap mishap with 
one of his workers, with ease. 

But it is the chemistry of 
Morag Fullarton's production 
as a whole, its relaxed assur- 

ance with the pace of the force, 
that makes il The cast play 
with a combination of accep- 
tance and faint astonishment 
that allow the loaded political 
points to slide home easily. 
Billy McElhaney makes a 
smart but stupid police 
inspector and Brian Pettifer a 
slightly psychopathic doctor. . 
while the main trio, though 
sympathetic. . amply dem- 
onstrate .bourgeois . intellec- - 
lualism. chauvinism and pos- 

Focusing the production is - 
Andy Gray as Agnelli/Anto- 1' 
nio. pivot of the action yet 
constantly subverting it. He 
plays the part with great comic - 
presence and timing, together 
with hints of the panto dame 

traditionally strong in Scot-, 
land — and finds his able 
match in Elaine C Smith. Her 
absurd accidental execution of 
the housewife's revenge on her 
chauvinistic husband is beau- 
tifully handled, and the two of 
them brew up to this, the 
climax of the force, with a 
shrewd and understated 
timing, l 

Meanwhile, over in Edin- l 
burgh, there is a more uneasy ; 
Accidental Death of an An- 1 
archist at the Lyceum. Ian ■ * 
-Wooldridge's production feels 
nervously frenetic in places, . 
but it contains a strong central ■ 
performance from John Belt, 
playing the "maniac" who - 
.exposes police corruption 
-through theatrical reconstruc- - - 
lion of "events”, with a wildly 
ambivalent gleam in his eye. 

Sarah Hemming . 

ous staging of Offenbach's 
Orpheus looming after Mi-, 
kado). she . is happy to play 
what she calls “the younger- 
sister, energetic, flighty types" 
that fit her loots so well 
"Until recently" she says, 
with endearing selfdisparage- 
ment “my usual' motto on the 
stags was: when in doubt, run 

Royal Charity Premiere. _ 

TONIGHT at 7.30pm. 



Music in London 


Festival Hall 

In some ways Sir Neville 
Marriner’s interpretation of .4 
Child of Our Time is revela- 
tory. Few would have thought 
it possible for Tippett’s grainy, 
stubborn orchestral textures to 
be rendered so pellucid; his 
awkward choral counterpoints 
to be projected with such light, 
spruce ease; or his madrigalian 
cross-rhythms to be so pre- 
cisely pointed. 

That only really confirms 
three extremely uncontrover- 
sial opinions. The Academy of 

St Martin- in-the-Fields instils 
its remarfcaMe standards of 
technical discipline into what- 
ever line-up it is currently 
fielding; its Chorus is its 
worthy partner In every re- 
spect (there were some very 
sophisticated choral manner- 
isms to enjoy, and thrilling 
tone took and Maniner is — in 
his unfliissy and low-profile 
way — one of . the best- 
organized conductors around. 

But one does not hire a 
surgeon, however eminent, to 
find a man's soul Nor will a 
superb musical technician 
touch the heart of this oratorio 
unless he shows he is open to 
its tensions, ambiguities, even 


Barbican/Radio 3 

For thpse who go to concerts 
to listen to the singer rather 
than the song, this one had 
plenty to offer. For the rest of 
us, however, the inclusion of 
Rossini's Stabat Mater in the 
London Symphony Chorus's 
opening gambit of the season, 
given with the help of their 
sister orchestra, was cause for 

It is not that the work is 
devoid of imagination. In- 
deed. were its spectacular 
coloratura arias.fts strokes of 
drama and its spirited in- 
ventiveness translated to a 
stage setting with a kinetic 
libretto, the music would work 
very wclL But it is hard to 
equate this text with Rossini’s 
idiom. One searches for an 
attendant spirituality, the sort 

its contradictions. It was in- 
teresting, for example, to hear, 
the second spiritual turned 
into a tour deforce of feather- 
light playing and singing, but 
unfortunately the words hap- 
pen to be "Nobody knows the 
trouble I see”. That emotional ; 
blandness was evident too' 

The' soloists conveyed more 
of the score’s indignation and 
pity. In ibis. respect Thomas 
Allen’s measured portentous- 
ness was ideal as was Sarah 
Walker’s intelligently - col- 
oured delivery. Philip Lang- 
ridge was not helped by the 
jolly lilt of “I have no money 
for my . bread". Margaret 

which the languages of Haydn, 
Beethoven and even Beriioz 
readily admitted. And frankly 
it is not there, not in the 
awesome fanfares which in- 
troduce the final aria nor even 
in tiie Germanic counter- 
points of the opening and 
' dosing choruses. 

. Thus one had to look to the 
performance itself for satisfac- 
tion, and whai a large measure 
of that the solo soprano. 
Rosalind Plowright, gave us 
.with her aria “Inflammaius et 
accensus". The combination 
of intensity, power and purity 
which she showed in this most 
technically challenging piece 
was impressive indeed; we all 
knew she is a great singer, but 
it is still thrilling to have it 
proved again before one’s very 

The rest of the team of 
soloists were no mere support- 
ing cast either. Kathleen 

Marshall's tone blossomed aft. 
ter a distinctly, shaky approach 
. ip "Steal away”,--: - 

Earlier, the violinists Chris- 
topher Warren-Green and 
Jonathan Rees and the cellist 
Timothy Hugh bad formed a 
fluent concertino group in a 
persuasive performance of- 
Tippen’s Fantasia Cancer- - 
-tame on a Theme of Corelli. In 
delineating these rich string 
sonorities, Maniner seemed 
much more in his element: a 
little, reserved, at first, but 
allowing 1 an expansive lyri- 
cism to develop during what 
must. I suppose, now be called 
the Akenfleid theme. 

Richard Morrison 

Kuhlmann. the mezzo, gar- 
nished the Chvatina, “Fac ut 
portem Christi mortem" with 
a rare combination of richness 
and brilliance, and made just 
about the ideal partner for 
Plowright in their duel "Quis 
esi homo” while John 
Tomlinson; the bass, strode 
resonantly through "Pro peo- 
catis”. The tenor. David 
RendalL was nursing a throat 
affliction, but sounded only 
marginally off-colour and still 
managed a stunning top note 
in “Cujusanimam”. 

He also triumphed over his 
adversity in Kodaty’s unargii- 
ably spiritual Psalmus Huh- 
garicus, sung in English. But 
in both works, although the 
choral singing was good and 
firm, Richard Hickox’s direc- 
tion looked decidely over- 
zealous. and the results erred 
on the heavy side. 

Stephen Pettitt 


[BER 25 1986 

Runners and riders in Booker stakes Unifil is 

a target, Nation’s debt to 

Chirac the party leader 

By Philip Howard 
Literary Editor 

The six finalists in the 
Booker Prize, the annual com- 
petition that treats novels kike 
racehorses and creative writ- 
ers like jockeys, were an- 
nounced yesterday. 

They demonstrate the 
worldwide spread of EngBsh 
letters and the strength of 
creative writing from the old 
Empire, by consisting of two 
Canadians, a Hong Kong Chi- 
nese, a Japanese, and two 
Englishmen, one the Angry 
Old Man of the English novel, 
Kingsley Amis. 

The favourite is Kingsley 
Amis, for long service and for 
entertaining the generations 
for more than 30 years since 
Lucky Jim. 

Backing hooks is a mug’s 
game, hot many will be dis- 
appointed not to see Julian 
Barnes's Staring at the Son, 
Janice Elliott's Dr Gruber's 
Daughter, and P D James’s A 
Taste for Death on the short 
list the latter to prove that 
crime and the other genres 
also serve literature. 

The judges spent more than 
four horns reducing their list 
first from 24 books, asd finally 
from 14, the last leg with 
considerable passion. 

‘An entertaining 
novel will win’ 

Nobody can complain that 
any of the final six is not a 
splendid novel. 

The judges are Anthony 
Thwaite, the poet and critic; 
Edna Healey, biographer and 
wife of Denis; Isabel Qrogly 
and Gillian Reynolds, first 
division literary critics; and 
Bernice Rubens, the novelist 
who won the Booker Prize in 
1970, its second year. 

The winner of the £15,000 
prize will be announced at a 
dinner at the Guildhall on 
October 22. 

This year's award will be 
made with hype and 
Ladbrokes, oratory and tele- 
vision. embarrassing tele- 
vision comperes and the 
London literati looking shifty 
in dinner jackets. 

British Council libraries 
throughout the world are set to 
launch displays of the 

But behind the razzle-dazzle 
and rubbish, a good and 
entertaining novel is certain to 
win this year. 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh opens 
the Commonwealth 32nd Par- 
liamentary Conference. West- 
minster Half, SWI, II: 
afterwards, attends a Reception, 
The Queen Elizabeth II Con- 
ference Centre. Broad Sanc- 
tuary. SWI, 12.10. 

The Prince of Wales. Presi- 
dent, The Royal Jubilee and ; 
Prince's Trusts, visits the South ; 
Pembrokeshire District Council 
Offices. Pembroke Dock, 1 1.30. j 

The Princess of Wales visits 
the Grcenfoot Residential 
Home and Day Centre for Old 
People. 30 Lower Green foot, 
Settle, North Yorkshire. 9.40: 
and the Castfcberg Hospital for 
the Menially Handicapped. 

The Old DevOs. by Kingsley Amis 
(Hutchinson, £9.95): A group of old 
friends in a South Wales town is going 
down smashed into that good night, 
men boozing at the Bible and Crown, 
wives having strenuous Soave parties. 
The pattern is disrupted by the home- 
coming of a professional Welshman. 

The Handmaid’s Tale, by Margaret 
Artwood (Cape, £9.95): Offired is a 
handmaid in the Republic of Gilead, a 
totalitarian republic of the Twenty-First 
Century somewhere in North America 
after some vast catastrophe. Sbe is a 
national asset because she is one of the 
few women left with fertile ovaries. 

What’s Bred in the Bone, by Robertson 
Davies (Viking, £9.95): Robertson Da- 
vies is the mephistophelean magus and 
misebiefmaker of the Canad i an cam- 
pus: This starts there, but shifts rapidly 
to Europe. Oxford, where boy marries 
girl pregnant by somebody else and 
Germany before the second World War. 

I -p* §:. : i 'i'plilr**- liviip. I: i : '';T ?;f 
« 3ffi : ■ I. 

f|. is' i^|s|kiii 

I . , ’ *A • ~ 


Vw’V c" s . : : "s >; s 'ii-jzi-m 

•J'.-.- : : " ■ ;i III 

Gabriel's Lament by Paul Bailey (Cape, 
£9.95): GabrieTs lament is that one day, 
when he was 12, his pretty young 
mother left home, with a fish pie in the 
oven for supper, and never came bqck. 
Gabriel is left with bis old father, who 
prevaricates, invents stories. It is sad 
story, but a funny one as welL 

An Artist of the Floating World, by 
Kani n Lshiguro (Faber, £9-95): The time 
is at the end of the Second World War. 
and Japan is setting about rebuilding 
her shattered cities and her ideas about 
herself. Masuji Ono, an ageing painter, 
looks back over his life and times and 
weighs in the balance his career. 

An Insofar Possession, by Timothy Mo 
(Chatto & Windus, £9.95£Timothy Mo 
leaves Chinatown in Soho and travels to 
his old home of Hong -Kong for a 
historical fiction that explains a lot 
- about the English and Chinese. It is set 
in die 1830s Opium Wars in the wake of 
which Hong Kong was established. 

a target, 
tells UN 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister of France, told 
the United Nations General 
Assembly yesterday that the 
UN force m southern Leba- 
non bad become the target of 
deliberate ' attacks leaving 
open -the possibility that the 
troops, including French sol- 
diers, might be forced to 

Since the 1.400 strong 
French contingent had already 
been redeployed over the 
weekend to a less vulnerable 
position around Unifirs head- 
quarters in Naqura, M Chi- 
rac's statement aroused spec- 
ulation • that 1 the’ French- 
soldiers would adopt an ex - 1 
tremdy passive . role andi 
throw into doubt whatever 
effectiveness the befcagured 
UN peacekeeping operation 
might have still managed to 

* Describing the situation as 
intolerable, he said the UN 
.force was no longer caught in 
the sporadic dashes between 
the enemies it was supposed to 
keep apart, but had become 
the target of “methodically 
prepared” assaults. 

He delivered his address 
after the UN security coundL 
because of an American 
abstention, had failed on 
Tuesday to adopt a unani- 
mous position on enhanring 
the force’s security. The 
, United States objected to the 
resolution, which it said put 
too much of the blame on 
Unifil' s state of crisis on 
Israel's refusal to pullout of 
Lebanon completely. 

I . Diplomats said that it was 
absolutely essential for the 
council to be united if the 
force was to have any chance j 
of surviving. 

M Chirac also spoke of I 
terrorism in a wider context, 
calling it a war that knew no 
borders or seldom, had a face. 
Paris has been recently hit by a 
wave of terrorist attacks, and 
the Prime Minister con- 
demned the complicity of 
stales that were willing to dose 
their eyes to terrorist activities 
or did not hesitate to 
encourage terrorism 


Giggleswick. North Yorkshire, 

Princess Anne will perform 
the re-opening of Dillons 
Bookshop. Gower St. WCI, 
3.30: and. as President of the 
Save the Children Fund, attends 
the film premiere of * Elenf , 
Cannon Cinema, 62-64 
Hay market. 7.40. 

The Duke of Kent lunches 
with ihe Fellowship of Engineer- 
ing on being elected a Royal 
Fellow. Athenaeum Club. Pali 
Mall SWI. 12.45. 

Prince Michael of Kent, Presi- 
dent, attends a Road Safety 
meeting, the Institute of the 
Motor Industry, Fans haws, 
Brickendon. Hertfordshire, 

New exhibitions 

Folly, disaster and satire: 
prims by Goya: Hatton Gallery, j 
The University, Newcastle j 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,160 


1 People turning up with 
nothing in position (81. 

5 A fellow is a dandy (6). 

9 Single union attains this 
record high (S). 

10" Copy industrial diamond 
without difficulty (6k 

12 Painter takes care of rubbish 

(5) . - , 

13 Lamenting changes in tak- 
ing sides (9V. 

14 Intimate the necessity of 
following suit <5^2-51. 

18 The most beautifal flower? 

21 Flower power backed some 
remarkable events (9). 

23 Fish left out of 20’s order 

24 Help from Cordelia's sister 

25 An entertainer, in a way an 
admirable person (8). 

26 The chap to resent change 

( 6 ) . 

27 A child contes in dose at 
certain times (8). 


1 Rock climbing. I am dressed 
in purple (6). 

2 Criticize attempt to provide 
store cupboard (61. 

3 It’s not quite the thing, 
interrupting without levity 

4 Fell policeman holding bro- 
ken camera (4.1.7). | 

6 Up in Cumbria, a rood tsl 
made longer (5k 

7 Don and Jack don’t finish 
the race (8). 

8 The saintliness of the 
untouchable? (SV 

11 Permit a race, m small part, 
to occasion gossip (6-6k 

15 Most Irish characters are so 
casual (3-2-4). 

16 Food in a restaurant is usu- 
ally obtainable without ef- 
fort (2,1.5). 

17 Not immoderate: deranged 
or insane (2.6). 

19 Discourage mother bird (6k 

20 Sung a number of times (6k 

22 Every other one of the Ro- 
man ships found refuge (5X 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,159 

e (3 a b s? m rf rs 

e. a jq m cs rs 

. £3 D (TUTlCi -1 0 (;) iuiSu3Ef=3 
i &_g) p. @ ■ m E 


(3 '-fl 15 H O _L»i 
c-j i liJSAHe EETi 

a. a r n s n @ n 

M O @ 0 n BE 

Concise Crossword, page 13 

Upon Tyne; Mon to Fri 10 to 
5.30, Sat 10 to 4.30 
Paintings by Jeremy Hender- 
son: Ardbowen Arts Centre, 
Enniskillen: Mon to Sat 10 to 

4.30 (ends Oct llj. 

Exhibitions in progress 

Political cartoons through the 
ages: Antiquarian Book and 
Print Services. 112 South St, 
Eastbourne: Mon to Sat 9 to 8 
(ends Sept 30). 

Last chance to see 
Marcel Dinabet and Marline 
Kerbaol: sculpture;. Royal Al- 
bert Memorial Museum, Queen 
St, Exeter. tOto 530. 

Howard Coster Celebrity 
I portraits; Kodak Gallery. Na- 
tional Centre of Photography. 
The Octagon. Milsora St, Bam 

9.30 to 5.30. 

Drawings by Frank 
Brangwyn: Aberdeen An Gal- 
lery ana Museum. School hi 11; 10 
to 8. 

Music i 

Recital by The Plaegan Piano 
Quartet: Si Mary's. Aylesbury, 

Guitar recital by the HiU- 
Wiltschinsky Guitar Duo; 
Nostril Priory, nr Wakefield. 

Piano recital by Peter Katin; 
St George's. Brandon Hr)). Bris- 
tol. t. 

Piano recital by Christian ! 
Blackshaw. The Royal Ex- 
change. Manchester. 1. 

Piano recital by Bernard Rob- 
erts; Community Centre Hall, 
Kingsteignton RdJVewtou Ab- I 
boa. 8. j 

Concert by the Halle Or- i 
eftesrra; Huddersfield Town i 
HaU. 7.30. | 

North Wales Music Festival: , 
Organ recital by Hugh Davies. 

1 1; Concert by the BBC Welsh 
Symphony Orchestra, 7.30: St 
Asaph Cathedral. 

Jazz by the Clark Tracey 
Quintet: Arts Centre, 

MicUegate. York. 8. 

Concert by the Bournemouth i 
Symphony Orchestra; Cam- , 
Brea Leisure Centre. Redruth. 


The Law and the media, by 
Lord Elwyn- Jones; Uppingham , 


Canterbury Cathedral Open 
Evening: exhibitions, guided 

tours and audio-visual presenta- 
tions: Canterbury Cathedral. 7 
to 9. 

36th Northern antiques fair. 
Royal Baths Assembly Rooms. 
Harrogate, today. 11 to 9. 
tomorrow until Sept 30 1 1 to 7. 
Sept 28 1 1 id 5. Oa J II to 6. 

The Cathedral and the 
Crown: flower festival; Win- 
chester Cathedral. today 10.30 
to 9. tomorrow and Sat 9,30 to 9. 
Sun 1 to 5. Mon 5 to 9. 


Wales and West M5: Lane 
closures between Junctions 24 
and 26- A31: Bypass work 
between Ringwood and Wim- 
bomc. A417: Roadworks be*- 
tween Gloucester and Ciren- 

The North; A1(M)/A1: Re- 
pair work between Scotch Cor- 
ner and Sinderby. M62s Repairs 
at junction 7 and Bunonwood 
Services. A19: Lane closures 
between Wessington Way and 
*1 atTestos. 

Scotland: M90: Carriageway 
repairs between junctions 3 and 
4. A94: Construction work 3 
miles north of Forfar. A74; 
Contraflow north junction A 70. . 

Information supplied by AA 

j_ New books - paperback 

The Literary Editor's selection of int eresti n g books pubteheo-this week: — 

Genttemen in En g la nd , by AN. WPson (Penguin, £295) 

Jack he Nimble, by Nigel Wilfa/ns (Faber, EjJXij- ■ 

Safe House, by Lynne Alexander (Penguin, £3.95) 

Spring Sonata, by Bernice Rubens (Abacus, £330) 

The Satabura Tales, by Omstina Stead introduction by Loma Sage 


A l e x ander Ilia Qraat. by Robin Lane Fox (Penguin, £5-95) 

Biesskigs in Oisgulsa, by AJec Guinness (Fcxitana, E2£5) 

Charles p t efca na . His Tragedy and Ttiumph, by Edgar Johnson (Penguin, 

Ludwig Wittgenstein, by AJ. Ayer (Penguin, £3.95) 

Nancy Mrtfoid, by Sefina Hastings (Papermac, E4^5) • PH 

The pound 

Australia S 
Austria Sch 
Danmark Kr 
Finland Mick 
Franca Fr 
Hong Kong S 

Italy U* 

Japan Van 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 

Spain Pta 


Vugoaiwia Our 

Rates lor stnril denomin a tion bank notes 
only as supplied Oy Barclays Bank PLC. 
Ditto rent rates apply to travoHars' 
cheques and odor loragn Currenqr 

Retd Price Intfooc 38&S 

London; The FT Index dosed 7A down it 


Children's Vienna 

The Vienna Tourist Board is 
oflering reduced rates at selected 
hotels and pensions for children 
under 15 and. in some cases 
their parents, this coming 
season. - 

Details from the Vienna 
Tourist Board. A-I095, Vienna. 


Births; Felicia Hearns, poet 
fCasabianca Liverpool. 1793; 
Thomas Morgan, geneticist, 
Lexington. Kentucky, 1866; Sir 
Charles Cochran, impresario. 
Lindfield. Sussex. 1872; Wil- 
liam Faulkner, novelist [Light 
in .August). New Albany. Mis- 
sissippi. 1897: Mark Rothko, 
painter, Daugavpils.* USSR. 

Deaths: Samuel Butler, writer 

f Hudihrash London. 1680; 
Johann Stnuss (‘Radetzky- 
MarsdO. Vienna. 1849; Erich 
Maria Rer jqne, author of All 
Quiet on the Western From* 
Locarno. 1970. 

Best wines 

In a blind tasting of 39 house 
clarets, the following were cho- 
sen -as the best currently 

Harvey's No-I 1983 (John 
Harvey & Sons, 0272-836161). 
about £3.50iTanners' Claret 
(Tanners of Shrewsbury. 0743- 
52421). £2.99;Corney & 
Barrow's House Claret (Corney 
& Barrow. 01-2S1 4051). 

£3.22iH. AUen Smith House 
Claret (H. Allen Smith. 01-637 
4767). £2.95. 

Source: Taste. Onober 1986. 

- Mpdtands, E, SW, eenM N 
England: Dry. sunny periods, a tew 

fog patches at first wind northeast- 
erly Ighfc max temp 18C (64F). 

Wales, NW England: Dry sunny 

periods, a tew fag patches at first 

wind variable, mainly southeasterly 
light, max temp 18C (64F). 

Lake District, Iris of Man, NE 
England, Borders, Edinburgh and 
Dundee, Aberdeen, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow, Central Highl an d s , Ar- 
gyll, Northern l i e la n a Dry . sunny 
periods, a few fag patches at first; 
■wind variable fight; max temp 17C 

VE, NW Scottoixfc Rather ctoudy. 
mainly dry: wind westerly fight; max 
temp 15C (59F). 

Orkney, Stiettend: Rather cloudy, 
perhaps a bttte rain at times; wind 
westwty light or moderate; max 
tamp 14C (57F). 

Outlook fa r tomorrow and Friday; 
Dry and sunny in most parts. Ctoud 
and some rain Into western and 
northern areas taler. Rather warm fn 
the E and S, otherwise tem- 
peratures near normal, night frost in 
pl a ce s . 

&5f am 

3.16 pm 951pm 
Last quartan tomorrow 

Lighting-up time 

London 7 S3 pm to 6 . 22 cm 
BnstM 733jOTi n 632 am 
Ednbwjp 7Z 5 pm 10 636 am 
Moncfaej t w 7.3T prrrro 631 am 

USS Iowa <BB61L powerful 
lead battleship of the United 
States Navy will visit Ports- 
mouth fawn September 2t - 26. 

The battleship win be (Bren 
for general visiting from 11-4 
, from Monday 22 to Thursday 
'26 September. Entry via the 
Victory Gale. Further details 
from; FO Portsmouth PRO. Mr 
Stewart Retd, on 0705 861624. 

Our address 

tniorauiion -tor inrfuaMn In The 
rants inforniAUan MfWfthnda be 
«>m to- me EflUor ms. Tue Tnncs. 
PO te 7. I Ylfigrau SUeeL London. 
El QXN. 

In an emotional scene yes- 
terday. the Liberal Assembly 
came back to Mr Cyril Smith 
after an estrangement of three 

The Assembly might have 
been under ibe impression 
that it was the other way 
about But Mr Smith, the MP 
for Rochdale of near-mytmra) 
girth, knows that the Assem- 
bly is an insignificant body 
compared with his. He and the 
Assembly fell out at Harrogate 
three years ago. He stormed 
out of the town in mia? 
Assembly, reputedly shaking 
several buildings on his way to 
the station. Later he vowed 
that be would not stand for 
Parliament again. The most 
famous bearer of Britain s 
most common name was sulk- 
ing in his Big Top- 

No one now remembers 
what the quarrel was about, 

: ■ c II w m TUa 

vulgar assumption was that it 
was because he and Mr David 
SteeL. bis leader, loathed one 
another. Yesterday Mr Smith, 
as was to be expected of a 
former mayor of Rochdale 
who has a mastery of the 
municipal-pomposo style, he 
menacingly observed: “l have 
read with great interest that I 
have had a three-year feud 
with David Steel.” Then, for 
like many great Rochdale 
Corporation orators he in- 
j eludes touches of the demotic 
among his stately periods, he 
thundered: “ What rubbish!” 

“David has been leader of 
the Liberal Party for ten years, 
and 1. state here and now, 
publidy, and for the record, 
that I consider him to be the 
best party leader in Great 
Britain today. The party and 
the' country owe him a great 
debt,” (huge applause). 

What then was the reason 
for the Missing Three Years? 
Later inquiries, carried out 
among senior Liberals by this 
column^ produced conflicting 
explanations. Wasn’t it some- 
thing to do wnh Cyril making 
a critical speech about David 
af a fringe meeting and no- 
body taking any notice? No, 
no, it was because someone on 
the platform forgot to call him 

in that Harrogate defenw 
debate. But Cyril has never 
known anything about 
fence? Since when has that 
been a bar to people getting 
called in defence debates? 
Well, maybe he was upset 
because someone sat on the 
Grade Fields records that he 
had brought all, the way & 
Harrogate - possibly hrnisdf. | 

Ostensibly, yesterday’s 
speech was his report t® 
something called the Labour 
Unit, an organisation, of 
which he is leader, which 
studies how Liberals can wfa 
votes from Labour, as Mr 
Smith did in Rochdale, fan 
everyone knew il was much 
more than that 

A huge audience gathered iq. 
watch as he moved slowty 
towards the frail-looking pisi- 
form. Within minutes, he whs 
proving again that he is one of 
the few people left in politics 

constitute any kind of a show; 
At moments, for example, he 
departed from Rochdale 
Ciceronian to adopt a sub. 
Biblical mode, 

“They judge not what is said 
but rather the source from 
which it comes." he saidofihc. 
House of Commons - another 
assembly of which he has been 
a stern critic. “I am sorry that 
my domestic circumstances 
do not allow me to long tany 
amongst you.” he said at 
another stage. a reference to the 
fare he had in store for the 
Labour Party, he quoted a 
character in Dad’s Army who, 
displaying a bayonet, would 
remark: “They do not like it 
up ’em." Elaborating on this 
quotation. Mr Smith assured 
the nation: “They don’t, but 
they're going to get il" The 
prim ranks of Liberalism were 
enraptured at this glimpse ofa 
more virile politics. 

Finally, he said he was going 
to stand for Parliament again. 
(Ecstatic applause. Mr Steel 
strangely pale.) The return 
Mr Smith had shown that j 
party was bigger than one of 
its members, or as he might 
see it any of his memtm 
were bigger than the party. 



An anticyclone will con- 
tinue to - dominate the 
weather over the British 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
East Angfia, Channel Islands: Dry, 
a tew sunny intervals; wind north- 
easterly moderate, perhaps fresh err 
exposed places; max temp: 17C 


High Tides 

* •: 

business and finance 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

stock ma rket 

FT 30 Share 
1264.5 (-7.4) 

FT-SE 100 
1603.4 (-6.6) 



USM (°ata stream) 

123.21 (-0.58) 


US Dotlar 

1.4460 (-0.0035) 

W German mark 
2.9600 (-0.0093) 

Trade- weighted 
69.4 (-0.3) 

* Barker’s 
dull half 

Charles Barker, the adver- 
tising and communications 
group which went public in 
May. turned in a flat perfor- 
mance in the six months to 
June 30. according to half-year 
figures announced yesterday. 
Profits before lax of £1.569 
million were only £72,000 
more than the first half last 

The chairman. Mr Antony 
Snow, said the dull perfor- 
mance was because the com- 
pany "has not put on the new 
business on Lhe advertising 
side whilst some of our exist- 
ing advertising clients have 
not spent as much as we 

Yesterday's figures do not 
include the costs of the May 
flotation of Charles Barker 
which. Mr Snow said, were 
“very considerable 

The shares fell 7 pence to 
133 pence on yesterday's fig- 
ures. The company is paying 
an interim dividend of Ip 

Barratt better 

Barralt Developments, the 
prriaic housebuilder, incr- 
eased pretax profits for the 
year to June 30 from £4.1 
million to £25.4 million. 
Turnover fell 17.5 per cent to 
£444.3 million. The final divi- 
dend was increased by 9 per 
cent to 5.81 p. 

Tempos, page 24 

Clerical & Medical's Pedi- 
gree Fond has been added to 
The Times Unit Trust 
Information Service, which 
appears today on page 26. 

Coats’ £65m 

Coats Viyella yesterday re- 
ported pretax profits for the 
six months to the end of June 
of £t>5 million compared with 
£58.3 million in the same 
period last year. Turnover was 
£827.3 million (£831.1 mil- 
lion). The interim dividend 
was increased 12.5 per cent to 
4.5p. Tempos, page 24 

23% profit rise 

Bank of Scotland yesterday 
announced a 23.5 per cent 
increase in group pretax prof- 
its for the six months to 
August 31 from £44.7 million 
to £55.2 million. The gross 
interim dividend is being 
raised from 7.55p to 9.1p. 

Tempos, page 24 

$47m US buy 

Country and New Town 
Properties has agreed to buy 
the Bay Financial Corpora- 
tion. an American pro pen y 
investment company, for $47 
million (£32.4 million).’ 

BET victory 

BET. the diversified indus- 
trial services group, was 
within a whisker yesterday of 
winning its £109 million bid 
for HAT Group. The offer 
closes at 10.30 am today. 

Wall Street 24 
Ti-BspnK 24 
Comment 25 
Stock Market 25 
Money Mrkis 25 
KoreiRfl F\ch 25 
1 rated OpL- 25 

Trusts 26 
Commodities 26 
L'SM Prices 26 
Share Prices 27 
Co News 28 
Property 28 





Payments deficit 

reaches record 
as imports leap 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

' Viv; "j&viA 

: ,-v"* V. : 




Britain’s balance of pay- 
ments slumped to a record 
deficit last month as imports 
surged and exports fell . 
sharply. The trade deficit was 
£1,486 million, nearly three 
times the July deficit of £588 

The current account was in 
deficit by £886 million, also 
the worst ever, compared with 
a surplus of £12 million in 
July. The deficit on manufac- 
tures was £1,089 million, also 
a record. 

Officials at the Department 
of Trade and Industry de- 
scribe^ the figures as “dis- 
appointing.” A Treasury 
spokesman said the figures 
were highly erratic and there 
was no presumption of a shift 
into deficit next year. 

In the first eight months of 
this year the current account 
was in surplus by just £68 
million. At the time of the 
Budget the Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, forecast a £3.5 
billion surplus this year. 

Most private . economic 
forecasts are for near-balance 
this year and a current account 

deficit of £2 billion or more 
next year. 

Mr. Roy Hattersley, Lab- 
our’s Chancellor-designate, 
said the August trade figures 
were “a disaster*’. 

He added: “Moire than any- 
thing, they reflect this Gov-^ 
eroraent's total abandonment 
of British manufacturing 

Exports were down by £519 
million to £5,470 million last 
month. There was a £120 



million decline in oil exports 
and a £205 million foil in 
exports of the erratic items of 
trade, mainly aircraft and 
'diamonds. The volume of 
exports, excluding erratics, fell 
by 4.8 per cent. 

Imports rose by £379 mil- 
lion to £6,956 million. 

Officials said that the rise in 
imports was across the board 
— the increase in volume, 
excluding erratics, was 5.9 per 
cent. . 

The trade surplus on oil fed 
*by £71 million to £211 mfl- 
1 lion, while the non-oil deficit 

widened by £828 million lo 
£1,697 million. 

Import and export trends 
are difficult to assess. Import 
volumes are rising strongly — 
in the latest three months they 
were 8.5 percent higher than a 
year earlier. Export volume, 
up 4 per cent on a year earlier, 
was healthy but less buoyant 

British exporters appear to 
be doing well in Western 
Europe, in line with the 
pound's lower leveL In the 
latest three months exports 
there rose by 1.5 per cent 

Bui exports to North Amer- 
ica fell by 3.5 per cent and to 
other developed countries, 
including Japan, by 2 per cent 
Exports to the developing 
countries dropped by a worry- 

ing^ pea- cenu 

surplus on invisibles is 
assumed to be £600 million a 
month, as in July. In the latest 
three months the invisibles 
surplus was estimated at £1.9 
billion, against a visible trade 
deficit of£2.7 billion. 

The overall current account 
was in deficit by £0.8 billion in 
the June-August period. 

dismay US 

From Bailey Morris 

Britain must start to tackle 
high unemployment more 
comprehensively and enact a 
significant tax reform pro- 
gramme if its economy is. to 
prosper, a Reagan Admin- 
istration official said 

The official, speaking before 
the meeting of the World Bank 
and the international Mone- 
tary Fund this week, also 
criticized West Germany for 
refusing to stimulate its econ- 
omy through lower interest 
rates. **. 

The interview gave a hint of 
the discussions that will take 
place in Washington on Fri- 
day when the Group of Five 
industrialized nations meet to 
discuss the exchange rate of 
the dollar and other issues. 

US officials are dismayed 
by the apparent lack of ur- 
gency with which Britain and 
other European nations are 
dealing with unemployment 

The individual policies of 
the industrialized nations will 
be scrutinized this week in an 
attempt to implement the 
economic surveillance proce- 
dures which were agreed at the 
Tokyo economic summit. 

“If you are sensing a higher 
temperature in the rhetoric, it 
is because we are finally 
getting to the basic issues in 
this process. No one ever said 
it would be easy, but you have 
to identify what must be done 
before you can do it 
“Unless there is successful 
policy coordination — leading 
to greater growth in Japan and 
West Germany — which will 
allow further exchange rate 
reductions to take place, there 
will either be a forced reduc- 
tion in rates or a deep reces- 
sion in the United States and 
elsewhere.’’ the official said. 

European ministers have 
described the aggressive tone 
of the US as counter-produc- 
tive in the common goal to 
stabilize exchange rates and. 
halt sliding growth. 

A West German official said 
that if the US did not mod- 
erate its tone, the fragile 
agreement achieved In New 
York and later at the Tokyo 
summit would begin to 



Dow Jones ....... 7808.35 (+10-54)* 

tokl&Dow 17955.76 (+243.48) 

Commerzbank 2013.0 (-M) 

K3*. 3636.02M2.13) 

Forte CAC 387.8 (-0.8) 

iJSf&neral... 520.00 {Same) 

London dosing prtees Pag* 27 

interest rates 


3-month eligiWa aBs:10*9 • «■* 
buying rate 
US: „ 

Prune Raw 7.5t£« # 

Federal Funds S ^ 

3-month Treasury 
3f> bonds 9 4- t- 



£■ lrtdcx:69.4 SDR £0.835999 



Gronrte Group 

RH Lowe 




160p (+14p[ 

Wimpey ™211p(+7p 

McQxquodale 2f0p J+ISpj 

Octopus 47Sp(+1 

Lister .129R 

Bank o< Scotland 


McLaunttfn Harvey 

United Scientific JjgP}’ 

Steetiey JgBtgP 

j Wilkes 135 P HOP). 


S?S4 F OoS-*43t^ _ 
5^1^3^434.50 (£29*50- 

NORTH sea oil 

grant (Nov.) pm $14.20 bbj(S1 356) 

Poor trade figures 
batter the pound 

^ i I I 1 I 1 I 1 I t 

Sep 1 Oct^Nov'Dto Jan Fab Mar'Apr’ May Jun i Jut Aug'sep 

By Our Economics Correspondent 

The Bank of England again 
supported the pound yes- 
terday after it came under 
pressure from the publication 
of the poor August trade 

The pound dosed weak, 
despite the Bank's action, 
which dealers described as 

The sterling index fell by 0.3 
to 69.4 as the pound lost 35 
points to $1.4460. and fell 
more than a pfennig to 

It was another volatile day 
in the foreign exchange mar- 
kets. with the dollar moving in 
response to conflicting state- 
ments from the United States. 

Initially the dollar was weak 
because of comments by Mr 
Malcolm Baldrige. the US 
Secretary of Commerce, who 
was quoted on a wire service 
as saying that the dollar 
needed to go down further. 
Later these reported com- 
ments were retracted. 

In the afternoon the. dollar 
improved after Mr Paul 
Volckcr. chairman of the US 
Federal Reserve Board, said 

that the dollar's current level 
was appropriate. 

Towards the close m Lon- 
don the dollar faced some 
selling when Dr Henry Kauf- 
man. of Salomon Brothers, 
predicted that there would be 
one or possibly two cuts in the 
US discount rate in the com- 
.ing months. 

The dollar ended virtually 
unchanged at DM2.0470 and 
at Yen 1 54.55. 

Market conditions re- 
mained nervous ahead of 
today’s meeting of the 
Bundesbank Council in Bonn 
and the Washington meeting 
of the Group of Five in 
Washington on Friday. 

Most dealers do not expect a 
cut in rates by the Bundesbank 
today, although they. contin- 
ued- to hedge their bets 

In the absence of Bun- 
desbank action; or initiatives 
from the Group of Five, the 
pound and the dollar could 
come under heavy selling 
pressure next week, dealers 

Grand Met 
in talks to 
sell Liggett 

By Richard Lander 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
brewing, hotels and leisure 
group, has confirmed the re- 
port in The Times yesterday 
that it is negotiating the sale of 
its US cigarette subsidiary, 
Liggett Group. 

The company declined to 
comment further on any as- 
pect of the deal beyond saying 
that “the negotiations are 
unlikely to be concluded for 
several weeks” It would not 
name the party with whom it 
was talking. 

If the talks are successful. 
Grand Met should receive 
about £100 million for Liggett, 
a company it has been trying 
to sell for more than two years. 

Plans to dispose of Liggett 
to a consortium of manage- 
ment employees and outside 
investors for $325 million 
(then £250 million), fell 
through because of a fierce 
price war in the “generic” 
(nnbranded) cigarrelte area 
with the Brown & Williamson 
subsidiaiy of BAT. 

The worries in the minds of 
the bankers, who would have 
financed the leveraged buy- 
out proved well-founded. 
Price discounting on generic 
cigarettes intensified and 
Uggett’s operating profit 
crashed to $6.4 million in the 
1985 financial year from $67.4 
million in 1984. 

Grand Met has reported 
that profits improved in the 
first nine months of the 
present year in spite of re- 
duced cigarette sales. 

Liggett which also markets 
cigarettes under the Eve, 
Chesterfield and Lark brands, 
is the rump of the company 
which Grand Met acquired for 
£225 million in 1980. 

Rolls orders 

Rolls-Royce, Britain’s state- 
owned aero engine maker, has 
won orders worth more than 
£60 million for its new RB-2 1 1 
engines from two inter- 
national airlines. They have 
been ordered by Quantas of 
Australia for a new extended 
upper-deck 747-300 airliner 
and by Cathay Pacific of Hong 
Kong for a new 747 freighter. 

Japan offers Mexico $lbn loans 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Japan is 
ready to provide $r billion in 
loans to Mexico as part of an 
international effort to help it 
overcome a huge external 
debt, the Japanese Finance 
Ministry said yesterday. 

'The international package; 
worked out by the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund and 
Mexico, will provide $12 bil- 
lion to help Mexico meet 

funding needs until the end of 

A ministry spokesman said 
that the Japanese Export- 
Import Bank loans would be 
used to build an oil pipeline to 
the Pacific coast and a steel 
plant, and to finance a plan to 
help exports. 

The Mexican Finance Min- 
ister, Senor Gustavo Pet- 

ricioli, who. arrived in Tokyo 
on Saturday, told reporters 
after meeting the Japanese 
Finance Minister, Mr Kiichi 
Miyazawa, that only the de- 
tails of the loans needed to be 
worked out. 

Negotiations fora 56 billion 
loan from international 
commercial banks, which are 
also Involved in the loan 
package, are also taking place. 

Government attacked ‘for 
commercializing aid policy 9 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

The Government is accused 
of showing a “cynical dis- 
regard” for the long-term in- 
terests of poor countries in a 
report, published yesterday, 
which rolls for major changes 
in Britain’s aid policy towards 
the Third World. 

Such is the “thorough 
confusion” in Whitehall aid 
Westminster over bask policy 
questions that a new White 

Paper on aid is needed, said Dr 
Charles Elliott, chairman of 
the Independent Group on 
British Aid. 

He added: “It is time the 
Government produced a coher- 
ent, consistent, sensible state- 
ment of what it is trying to do.” 

The IGBA study attacks die 
commercialization of British 
aid which has increasingly 
meant aid money is tied to the 

purchase of British goods or to 

the promotion of British con- 
tracts overseas. 

It recommends the abolition 
of the Aid and Trade Pro- 
vision, whereby aid is ear- 
marked to support a British 
contract, ami the soft loan 
facility, which provides sub- 
sidized finance for deals 
benefiting British companies. 

About three-quarters of 
Britain’s bilateral aid is tied to 
the purchase of United 
dom goods and services whit 
leads to an undue emphasis on 
projects with a high import 
demand and which are rarely 
of benefit to die poor, the 
IGBA says. 

Instead, bilateral aid should 
be concentrated on projects 
that will have a direct effect in 
raising the living standards of 
the poorest people in the 
receiving conn try. ' 

In contrast, the Trade Min- 
ister, Mr Alan Clark, is known 

to be keen that British in- 
dustry should enjoy the poten- 

tial benefits of Britain's aid 

In particular, die IGBA 
attacks the Westland heli- 
copter package, funded by £65 
million of aid money, as being 
of dubious developmental 
value. “By trying, to bully 
India into accepting an aid- 
trade package mainly de- 
signed to keep Westland afloat 
and independent for a few 
mane months, we sought to 
impose on her a project which 
had unfavourable military 
overtones and had nothing to . 
do with development in the 
real sense," the report says. 

Britain is also criticized for 
not responding adequately to 
the African famine. With the 
exception of £11 minion to- 
wards the cost Of the aircraft 
for deliveiy of food in Ethio- 
pia, money for famine relief in 
Africa has come from switch- 
ing funds within the existing 
aid budget- 

New man clinches 
deal for Schroders 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

Schroder Wagg, the Lon- 
don-based merchant bank, has 
won an important advisory 
role in the privatization of the 
Mass Rapid Transit System in 

it is the first such deal 
negotiated by the recently- 
appointed Schroder director 
Mr Gerry Grimstone. who last 
month left his post at the 
Treasury co-ordinating the 
British Government’s 
privatization programme. 

The deal is a “first” in 
another sense — the Singapore 
Government has decided not 
to 'privatize the transport . 
authority's capital assets but 
only the operating company 
which is to run them. 

The physical assets will 
remain in government owner- 
ship. This avoids the problem 
of trying to sell an enterprise 

encumbered with large debts 
incurred in constructing the 

The technique could well 
act as a blueprint for sub- 
sequent privatizations in Brit- 
ain and elsewhere. One of the 
problems encountered in 
planning the privatization of 
mature industries is their 
historical albatross of debt. 

The contract to manage the 
sale has been awarded to a 
Singapore company SIMBL in 
association with Schroder 
Wagg. SIMBL is 49 per cent 
owned by Schroders. 

The Singapore Government 
is strongly attracted to lhe 
principle of wider share 
ownership and the arrange- 
ments for the sale are expected 
to reflect this. A proportion of 
shares will be made available 
in London. 

Brent Chemicals makes 
£12.1m rights issue 

By Carol Ferguson 

Brent Chemicals Inter- used in water-based applica- 

naiional yesterday -announced 
that it is raising £111 million 
by way ofa rights issue on a 1- 
for-4 basis at I20p. 

It also said it was paying 
DM5.5 million (£1.8 million) 
for Joachim Dyes Lackfabrik 
GmbH (JDL), a speciality 
chemicals company based in 
West Germany. 

The rights issue is intended 
to strengthen Brent Chem- 
icals' balance sheet to enable it 
lo pursue further substantial 
aquisition opportunities. The 
company will have no net debt 
and about £4 million cash 
after completion of the rights 
issue and the JDL purchase. 

JDL, located in Hanover, 
supplies a range of coatings 

lions in the packaging in- 
dustry. Its annual turnover in 
1985 was DM9 million and its 
profit before tax was 

Another acquisition could 
be announced soon. The com- 
pany hopes to complete nego- 
tiations by the end of October 
for the acquisition of a French 
company which supplies coal- 
ings to the packaging Industry. 

The statement announcing 
the rights issue also revealed 
that interim profit before lax 
jumped 23 per cent to £3.2 
million in the six months to 
June 30. on turnover up 8 per 
cent to £28 million. The 
dividend was increased by 18 
per cent to Ip net per share. 

TSB offer 



By Richard Thomson 

Ranking Correspondent 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
share offer was hailed os the 
most popular flotation the 
stock market has seen when 
the doors closed on new 
applications at 10.01am 

First estimates indicated 
that the offer attracted about 5 
million would-be investors — 
twice as many as the British 
Telecom notation. 

Sir John Read, the TSB 
chairman, said that the need 
for a large number of private 
shareholders meant that a 
ballot was almost certain. 
Meetings to decide on alloca- 
tion were already starting last 
night at Lazard Brothers, the 
merchant bank handling the 

As the counting of the latest 
applications was started by 
7,000 specially recruited tem- 
porary workers , it looked as 
though the issue was about 
five times oversubscribed. 

The large numbers of ap- 
plicants means that both 
balloting and scaling down 
applications will be used in the 
allocation of shares. And be- 
cause the TSB is keen to have 
a large number of private 
shareholders there is likely to 
be a ballot among the 
institutional investors for the 
first lime. 

The TSB is likely to acquire 
considerably more than 2 
million shareholders but it 
cannot give shares to all 
applicants because of the diffi- 
culty and expense of 
maintaining too large a share 

The allocation policy will be 
announced on Monday pro- 
vided that the applications 
have been counted by then. 
Allocation letters will be sent 
out on October 7. Stock 
market dealing in the shares 
starts the following day and 
most experts anticipate an 
immediate premium of more 
than 50p for partly paid share. 

Last-minute applications 
were restrained in many bank 
offices but the TSB office in 
Lombard Street in the City 
estimated that up to 25.000 
people passed through its 
doors between 7am and 10am. 

Peat Marwick Mitchell, the 
accountants policing multiple 
applications, said that hun- 
dreds more people breaking 
lhe rules had been discovered 
since the weekend. They could 
face criminal prosecution and 
fines of up to £10.000. 

Inevitably, many applica- 
tions have been inaccurately 
completed and will not qual- 
ify. But Mr Bill Payne of 
Lloyds Bank, thcchief'receiv- 
ing bank for the issue, said 
that the proportion of such 
forms was lower than for 
almost any issue he could 








Am retails 
Am Can 

Ffcmtm 24V 
Fat Chicago 27% 

FsUmBAcp 53% 

Fa Fame 9% 

FW 54* 

FTWatfwa 37* 
GAFCorp 33 K 
GTE Corn 55 
Gen Corn 78% 
Gan Dv'mco n% 
Gan Beane 72 
Gan Inst 19% 
Gen M«a 80% 
Gen Motors 69% 
GnPbUtny 22S 
Ganasco 3% 
GWSUPte 36% 
Gone 39 K 
Goodrich 39* 
Qoodyaar - 32% 
GouWInc 18% 
Grace 48 
GtAttftTac 22% 
GrTmd 32 
GnnwiCor 24% 

I GtAl&Wwt 61% 
HsnzlU. 41 
HeroABS 33% 
mett-Pm 44% 
Itoncywo r 71% 
fGfairfs 25% 




Am earn'd 
Am Express 
Am Home 
Am Motors 

Ashland Oi 
Avon Prods 
Bank o< NY 
Bom Steel 

Bg Warner 

Burton ind 

PMpMra 65 « 
PtwpsPat 10 . 


? h Finn totte 

PPGtnd 88% 
PrttGntf 88% 
RiSE AG 40% 
Raytheon 62% 
BynktsMet 46% 
Rodwefibit 38% 
Royal Dutch 89% 
Safewsys 80% 
Sere Lea 63% 
SFESopae 29% 
Schrooraar .33% 
Scoe Paper 60% 

Seagram 60% 
SearsRbck 41% 
Shal Thins 34% 

aSShiBk 63* 

for shares 

Sony . 20% 
Stfi Cal Ed 3« 

H o n eyw M 


togeraoa 56 
him Simi m 

Can Pacific 
Central SW 
Chase Man 
Own BH NY 
Coca Cole 

IBM 139% 
MCO 14% 

bn Paper 71% 
w Terrel 49 

Irving Ban* 48 
JhnsnAJhn 62% 
Kusor Alum 17% 
KnrMcGw 27% 

KmtnyQrk 79% 

K Man 48% 

KMart 48% 

Kroger 61% 

LT.VT Corp 2% 

Litton 75% 

Ltx*ha*s -44% 

Lucky Strs 33% 
ManH’nvar 44% 

Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming Gl 


an S Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 
Dow Own 
Omasa* Ind 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Esim Kodak 

Eaton Corp 
Emerson B 

Exxon Corp 
Fad Dpt Sts 

MenvflaCp 2% 
Mepcd . 49% 
Mama MM 48% 
MtiMarfemi 42% 
Masco 25% 
McDonalds 58% 
McOonngl 84% 
Mead 58% 

Merck 99% 
M instating 102% 
MoMOl 36% 
Monsanto 69% 
Morgan XP. 83 
Motorola 39% 
NCR Corp 47% 
NLIndsm 4% 
NmDttdra 42% 
Nat Med Em 24% 
NatSmcndt 9 
Norfolk Sth 80% 
NWBancrp 37 
OcodntPet 28% 
Ogden 39% 

Ofcn Carp 41% 

I Owe ns I 42 
PscGasS 24% 

Pan Am 5% 

Penney J.C. 72% 
Pemzt* 60% 
Pepteco 27% 

SajOiOtM 46% 
SteringDrp 44% 
Stevens JP 33% 
Son Comp 5QK 
TMHyne 32t% 
Tomew 4i% 
Texaco 32% 
Takas ECor 28% 

Texas test 115 

Taxes (Ms 33% 
Textron 54% 
TravtreCor 44% 
TRW tec 91% 
UAL tec SB% 
UnbeverNV 214% 
Un Canada 21% 
44% . 
56 . 
20 % 



Aim Alum 







In Pipe 
Ryl Trustee 
Thmsn N 'A" 
Vhnty Corp 

23 23% 

45 45 

13% 13% 
15% ' 16 
13% . 19% 
24% 24% 
27% 27% 

26% 28* 
30V 31% 
46% 46% 
41% . 41% 
30% 30% 
83% 64 
21 % ' 21 % 
27% 27% 
2.70 - 2.70 
37% 37% 
13 13 

New York (Agencies) - Stock 
prices were steady at higher 
levels in moderate early trad- 
ing yesterday. . . 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was up 8.85 to' 
1,806*66 at one stage, when 
.the transport indicator was np 
2.12 at 796-50 and the utilities 
average op GJ>5 at 203.78. The 
65 stocks average rose Z£0 to 

The broader New York 
Stock Exchange composite bn 
dex gained &72 -to 13632 
while Standard & Poor's 500- 
stoclc index dim bed 1.24 to 

Advancing issues oat-, 
numbered dedining shares by 
abort 7 to 4 on volnme of about 
40 million shares. 

Stock prices condoned to be 
supported by a firm bond 
market and investors were 
-taking die opportunity 16 hunt 
for- bargains among some of: 
the poops Chat woe fait hard 
.by selling in recent weeks, 
traders said. - - . . 

“The market seems a little 
more enthosustic,” Mr Ron 
Oman, head of institutional 
trading at First . Albany 
Corporation, said. 

“We seem to be rebounding 
from the psychological prob- 
lems we had a coapJe of weeks 
ago." ... 

Bat Mr Doran also pointed 
oat that - .trading remained 

“We will most likely con- 
tinue to get some upticks 
through tiie end of the week 
because of the month-end and 
end-of-the quarter (portfolio) 
adjustments." he added. 

Norton wins clearance 
for new publishing bid 

By Alison Eadie 

Mr Paul Channon. the 
Trade and Industry Secretary, 
acting on the recommenda- 
tion of the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission, .yes- ; 
lerday, gave Norton Opax the 
all-clear' to renew its bid for 
the rival printing and publish-' 
ing-cornpany McGonjuodale. 

Tbe commission gave its \ 
verdict' despite strong oppo- 
sition to the bid'b'y customers, - . 
particularly, the clearing 
banks, HMSO and the print 

Mr Richard Han well. chief 
executive and managing direc- 

tor of Norton. saidTWe have 
always been confident that our 
acquisition plans were soun- 
dly based." 

He did not say whether 
Norton Opax would renew its 

Mr John Holloran, manag- 
ing director of McCorquodale, 
said:“We have a first rate and 
highly-focused strategy and. 
are in a strong position to' 
remain independent.” . 

He pointed, out that the 
banks bad said they would 
take up to 14 per cent of their 
' cheque printing business away 

from the combined group, 
underlining -the -lack -of 
commercial sense in any 
merger. * " 


Barratt cuts back 
borrowing and 
improves profits 

-4- _ . ^.,mI in riv. 

If Norton Opto did renew 
its bid, it would have to offer 
much more to have any 
chance of success. Its bid last 
March was worth £1 [0 million 
but McCorquodale was val- 
ued yesterday at £l32.2 mil-. 
lion-The shares rose- l-3p to 
258p. ■ ■ - - 

- Norton tiiares eased 2p to 
I43p, valuing the company at 
£45.9 minion. 

Tbe slurap in profile**"- deb, also 

?ihr isXbine 

-as gSPHas 

■ Ar-sssirra- ^ 

Scrimgeour Vickers 
loses staff in shake-up 

Chairman of 

By Richard Thomson,' Banking Correspondent 

Foods retires 

Scrimgeour . Vickers, the ' 
stockbroker owned by Gti- 
corp, yesterday announced a' 
reorganization of its research, 
sales and trading departments 
before big bang, as three senior 
members of staff resigned. 

Mr Fred Pettit, the chief 
executive, said he regretted 
the resignations but the . 
reorganization, which had 
started on Monday, had in- 
volved fresh assignments for' 
the three employees who were . 
obviously sol satisfied with it 
They . were Mr Michael 
Sperriog. Mr Michael -Styles 
and Mr Keith Sykes, all : 
connected with the decuicals 

Mr Pettit said the rer 

.organization was designed to 
achieve closer coordination 
between the. research, sales , 
and trading teams. i 

Of. the new appointments, 1 
Mr John Hewitt, senior re-i 
search director, has increased 
responsibility for inter- 
national equities, while . Mr 
Christopher Clark becomes, 
head of British research. Mr 
Nod. Hayes becomes bead of 
British eq uity sales. ' 
Scrimgeour is setting up a 
new sales/ trading unit which- 
will be involved m customer- 
service and executing cust- 
omers’ orders after October 
27. This section will be headed 
by Mr Martin Burton and Mr 
-James Bowden. 

Mr Nicholas Horsley ts 
stepping down as chairman of: 
' Northern Foods after 1 7 years. . 
during Which" .time, profits 
have risen frtwn ff million to. 
£66 million a year. 

Mr Horsley, aged 52, says he 
is retiring because of health 
reasons and other personal 
commitments. Mr Chris- 
topher Haskins, thechief exec- 
utive, will take over. •;.* 

Mr Horsley has become 
increasingly involved with the 
planned launch' next year, of 
the new. left-of-centre ' tabloid ' 
Ne* i on Sunday, of which he 
is chairman. ' 7 

He said last night; “The job . 
is taking up three days a week 
and everything is going 
according to plan.” ' ~ .* 

Are they m 
simply preparing M 
to repel the foreign^ 
invaders from their 

actually going to offer clients 
something more than their 
survival as a reason for staying with^ , 

Amidst the many reports of newN Bjj§ji 
office blocks, high technology and even 
higher salaries, it’s sometimes hard to see just 
what benefits the customer will gain from ^ 
Big Bang. 

So who will really gain from the new look 

Of course, it’s not just the banks. 

We’re defending the influence, 
strength, stability and future M 

development of one of the SB Wm I 

world’s most important financial -. f f 

market places. ^Bl 1 

But we’re not just defending it jj 

for ourselves. 8 

Its in the interests of everyone j^BBB J 
that the Qty continues to be one 9 

of the worlds most successful 
financial centres. |HHB| *j 

TheGovernment,forexample, % 

will soon have a biggei; more R j| : * 

active market place for its debt. ^ 

Industry will be able to raise B^^| 
finance at finer margins in a more B 

commissions, and the globalisa- 

And the small investor will 
soon benefit too, from develop- i 

ments like Barclayshare. 

(A new share dealing service 
through Barclays branches.) ' 

At Barclays de Zoete 'SJCfedd 

we’ve put together one 
of the most formidable 
L newinvestmentbanking 

As part of the 
§g|9 Barclays Bank - 
H§B Group we are . 
backed by total 
assets of over ^65 
vmm billion, offices in 70 
Wm f countries and a name 
which is already 
familiar all over the 

IS In de Zoete and 
i|B Wfedd we also have 
two of the Gty’s 
most respected . 

B names to partner two 
successful Barclays 
c 000 ? 2 ™ 65 _ Barclays 
Merchant Bank and . 

'1—1 Barclays Investment Management 

Together we can offer much more than we 
could separately. 

In combination, for example, we have more 
resources, both in money and skills. ' “7 

We can deliver a widet more co-ordinated 
approach to corporate development- 

More services and more products.*More 
international outlets. And better research. 

Because of this, we can offer increasingly 
sophisticated financial muscle in any of the 
1 world’s markets. 

We believe this is in our interest 

And we know it is in yours. ----- 

To find out more about any of the services 
offered by BZ\X^ please write to the 
Business Development Division, 'Barclays' 
de Zoete Wedd, Ebbgate House, 2 Swan Lane,- 
London EC4R 3TS. Telephone: 01-623 2323: 
Telex: 8812124 BZWG. 

^cSonr^Tto « Sl ; of to P-J* 

■ combined with land sale main op eration s JgokaJianQ 
Drobkms in California and in the increase. The clearing 
S” owrtieads, the bank’s comm.saon income 


^Smisai of the whole all was a somewhaisurpnsipg 
opeiatitrafotowed; A redoe-. 15 per pent nse in interest 

ticsx . in .borrowings a. earning. . lhc 

priority' and the . Premier North West aecun ug. iro. 

. Suecnon . was. launched to consumer finance and U^ng 

move the group away from *rm which Jooked aagnam 

SS&S3 S £ g££SS 

■ than 50 per cent of the -units . uno more P r °'T n lsin . e h f e Jh r _ 
sold were part of the Premier _ Bn , Us i ° 

ranee which has been mar- cTianl banking arm, 
toSsiiKe SepumberlSSS. doubled ,.B mimm profil 
Retirement homes and r contribution from fl— mil 

reftirbtshtrems accounted for J) 0 P t0 JJ ! l Sl l0n Jil!L tin 5f 
more than 15 per cent of the Evidently. Je y J ®‘ 
8,100 units sold last year - a assiduously cultivating con- 
shadow of the 16,500 comple- tacts is at tot paj^ng of*® the 
lions in Barratt’s peak year, corporate finance invest- 
This year, first-time buyers ment banking departments. 

-should account Tof 30 per Inflate Viva! la 
rent nf pnmptetions while the A^uaia J - — 

Soutiwast will account for 25 The first profits news from ■ 
per cent of unit safes and 40 Xoats " Viyella since the 
per cent of turnover. TJe merger. which created one of 
quality and spread of profits world’s top six textiles 
is thus much improved. - groupings, was of little in- 
Targeted pretax margins of terest to the market 
10 per cent (1985-86 5.7 per That was predictable, for 
cent) will not be achieved this the accounts cover just 2v2 
year but are a possibility in months since the merger 
1987-88. Forecasts, jherefore. between Vamona Viyella and 
stand at aboiit£35 million for Coats Patons. Besides, at £65 
the current year. - - - • — million before tax. profits 
U hard msec where Sanaa were right in line with market 
is going in The longef term expectations, 
since its past strength has theater interest jras 
been hi quantity rather than - bound to be in the group thin 
Quality, It looks as if the executive's first impressions 
company is relying on the of the gains to be made from 
USA, 1 coupled with a resur- welding the groups into a 
gence of UK housing in the cohesive unit. . 
provinces, to provide the j David Alliance u clearly 
impetus for the 1990s. In the delighted to find foe Coats 
meantime, a yield Of more management team is for bel- 
than 7: per Cent should keep ter than its recent reputation 
investors happy. suggests. He u m the early 

.... . . stages of a far-ranging rer 

Bank of Scotian fl organization which would de- 

1 — — — — - vdlve derision-making from i 

The Bank of Scotland ap- Coats’s Glasgow head- 
pears to x . have, got, over tiie. quartets to foe far-flung 
hiccups it developed tot year jniermationa! empire, 
when earnings growth de- That may release some 
dined as expenses powered surplus assets but, more im- 
abead. The stock market portanily. would make opera- 
clearly approved. On a day lions much more effirienL 
when foe banking sector was He has identified a number oF 
becalmed despite euphoria markets where operations 
over, the Trustee Savmgs have well above -average 
Bank flotation. Bank of Scot- potential such as Portugal, 
land shares moved up Tup 16 -Brazil and China, and he sees 
437p, helped by^ an increase untapped scope for greatly 
in the gross interim dividend -jo erased sales to major mar- 
from 735p to 9.1p. kels such as Europe and the 

The bank has not yet seen US. 
tiie last of foe high expenses* Coats Viyella looks on 
growth, however. Over the course for around £1 72 miJ- 
sax months to August .31 they lion over the frill year to give 
rose by 143 per cent as start- earnings in the region of 44p 
up 'torts- t>n -new- ventures per share. With foe merger 
such as the Visa processing benefits starting to come 
operation continue, to., take _forough. next year^ perhaps, 
their tolL The increase is £200 million before tax is a 
likely to carry on well into reasonable expectation. 
jiexi_year^ although, higher _ ” Ax 408p, unchanged omhe 
earnings from the new opera- day, the shares are selling for 
tions should increasingly -a modestmutiple ofSL3-tunes 
show through _in the group's prospective earnings, which 
profits. _ is hardly taking much on 

“Provisions against .. bad 





Stapleton is toT be -finance: 
director, succeeding Mr K J 
Mononr: ■ _ 

Video Arts: Mr P«er 
Robinson has been named, as 
chairman and Mrs Margaret 
Tree as managing director of 
Videor Arts ^Production. Mr 
David Baker, Mr Roger Owen, 
Mr -Keith M3 Uer and Mrs 
Tina Tietjen join foe Video 
Arts Production board. 

•Sara Lee: Mrs Jnlie 
Woodhridge becomes marker 

Boehringer Ingelheim: Eh- P 
A . Knowlsofl has become 
managing director, succeeding. 
Dr Gordon Hargreaves_who 
remains chairman. Dr D M 
Humphreys becomes scira-' 
tific director. 

' ABD International Manage- 
ment Corporation: Mr 
Masanori-Yoshida has joined 
the company as senior manag- . 
Sng director. Tokyo office. 

- ...Whitehall -Press: Mr John 
InneH and Mrs Fun Sweet 
have been promoted to ■ 
publishing directors. -- 
... Tyz ack & P artners (Bristol): 
Mr Peter Bryant is 
managing director. 

Algemene Bank Nederiand 
ilrelandX* Mr Pud Coition* 
joins the board. 

Afrimn Devefopment Bank: 
Mr Milan C Kemo is -to be 
vice-president, finance. 

Consultants (Computer and 

financial): Mr Neville J 
Nicholson has been appointed 
, director,, .group corporate 

■ TfclifeCorpbrationv Mr Jo- 
seph P White becomes exec- 
utive yke-preadeni and "a 
member of the board of 
United States Life Insurance 
Company. Mr David. E Ayres 
and Mr WHfeun B hnpema 
become senior vice^iTesi- 
dems, field marketing, on foe 

_ company .. 

Cari B yoir and Associates: 
Mr_ Rick Bonsall has been 
appointed dfvisionaTdirector," ' 
consumer marketing. 

- _ Geoscience Services:— Mr 
Bob Manson and Mr Derek 
Paget-Clarke become non- 

The National Home Loans 
Corporation: Mr Ken Lewis 
joins die board as operations 
director. Mr Tony Moir and 

- Mr. Terry Cornish art* ap- 
poirued divisional directors. 

. _ Newman Tonks Group: Mr 
u E Rogers is to be group chief 
executive, succeeding Mr E T 
Barnes who is to become a - 
non-executive director and 
: .deputy chairman. 

Manufacturers Hanover 
Trust Mr John E Rlmmer is 
appointed vice-president and 
Mr John Halllday assistant 

vice-president -■■■-- 
.Henry Cooke, Lumsdcn: 
■Mr . Angus. .Srrimfyniir be- . 
comes the first non-executive 

w5si°^%j*3! n: dm; 

Wanare. Mr B L Bentley. Mr 
L G Merszei and' Mr H P 
John are made non-executive . 
directors. Mr R l G Lake 
55““ . exeeutive direc- . 

M^rli^? r ° 0kandM,P 

m£S? bi S? Actuarial Perfor-.. 
nl™ ?f rvic ? s: Mr John 
2^Uve baS _ b « 0m ' chief 

*MS£5. ,he new 

. — . — 


ad t r 

llll ( 


■« 9l'\ . ' 

J **. 

V. ■ 



Cl!) , 

■ hap)-' 

Mlu, ., H 
, -^11(1 
v N Profit, 




Bad trade figures knock gilts 
and leave equities dull 

[COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Fiat shows the way to 
tomorrow’s markets 

By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard 

Disastrous trade figures 
knocked the gill-edged market 
for six yesterday, sent the 
pound tumbling still father 
and prompted the Bank of 
England to intervene again in 
an attempt to halt the slide. 

Gills ended the day near ■ 
their low point with longer 
rf sl0C * ts down by about 
£1.50 and shons off by as 
much as £% in brisk trade. 

Mr Stephen Lewis, the gilts 
expert at Phillips & Drew, the 
broker, said; “The problem 
last week was an absence of 

• Nash Industries, the 

packaging and construction 

group, spurted 15p to 63p 
on the news that Mr David 

Newton, a stockbroker, is 
joining tbe board and miring a 
near-16 per cent stake. Mr 
Newton, aged 35 , currently with 
Raphael Zorn, the broker, 
was tbe founding partner of 
Kent, East, Newton, now 
part of Margetts & 

Addenbrooke. Last year 
he reversed Dean Park Hotels 
into Martin Black, a loss- 
making “shell” and then sold 
it to Qneens Moat Houses. 

buying, but this lime round 
there has been genuine selling 
in the cash market” 

Sterling lost 35 points 
against the dollar — at $ 1 .4460 
— and went down against the 
trade-weighted basket ofEuro- 
pcan cunencies, reaching a 
low of 69.3. before closing at 
69.4 — after 69.7 the previous 

The Bank stepped in, selling 
marks and buying sterling at 
lunchtime, within minutes of 
the trade Figures being 

“As long as the Bank is 
prepared to step in and rescue 
the pound, an increase in 
interest rates can be averted,” 
was one foreign exchange 

dealer's prediction. .“She's not 
going to do both at once.” 

The FT 30 share index 
started the day down 1.8 and 
headed steadily lower, closing 
at 1.264.5, a fell of 7.4 points. 

The broader-based FT-SE 
100 index finished the day 6.6 
points tower at 1,603.4. 

The main topic of conversa- 
tion in the bars and res- 
taurants around Throgmorton 
Street was the £1.5 billion 
Trustee Strings Bank flota- 
tion. which is estimated to 
have tied up more than £13 
billion of investors* money. 
Estimates of the level of 
oversubscription for the offer 
run from five to 18 tunes. 

Mr Chris EUerton, a leading 
banking analyst from Rowe & 
Pitman, the broker, com- 
mented: “I shouldn't think it 
has taken much money out of 
the stock market, but it has 
probably taken a lot out of the 
building societies.” 

Over in the grey market. 
Cleveland Securities, a li- 
censed dealer, was yesterday 
quoting a middle price on the 
50p partly-paid shares of 92p, 
while another licensed dealer. 
Prior Harwin, was offering 

A spokesman for Prior said: 
“We’re doing good two-way 
trade at all levels.” 

The rest of the banking 
sector was mixed with Bank of 
Scotland gaining lOp to 437p 
and Royal Bank firming a 

i Share pries 


•issx ■ - 

•iivfc- :: !! t— 

•' 1364 ‘ as ' as ' 

couple of pence to 342p, while 
National Westminster eased 
3p to 544p and Barclays. 
Lloyds and Midland all 
dipped 2p to 487p, 442p and 
567p respectively. 

Leaders were of little in- 
terest with most ending the 
day a few pence lower, where 
changed. Glaxo was the big- 
gest loser, down 13p at 9S2p. 
IC1 eased 5p to i.092p. Royal 
Insurance came back 5p to 
8 1 7p, Beecham lost 4p to 401 p 
and Boots slid 3p to 2 18p. The 
only blue chips to gain ground 
were Grand Met, up 3p at 
41 lp, and Vickers, a penny 
firmer at 406 p. 

Shares in Petranol, the oil 
and gas producer with most of 
its interests in the United 
States, slumped lOp to 30p to 
match their all-time low after 
the group announced a one- 
for-one rights issue at 25p a 
share to raise £6 million. The 
City was bonified to learn that 
some £5 million of the new 
money will be used to dear the 
debts of Apollo, a private 
energy company operating in 
Texas and New Mexico, 
which Petranol is buying for 
2.6 million shares and 


Anafia Secs (115p) 

BBB Design (67p) 
Baaverco (145p) 

Broad St (43p) 

Chelsea Man (i2Sp) 
Creighton Labs (130p) 
Euro Home (I60p) 

Eve Construction n05p) 
Fletcher Dennys (70p) 
Guthrie Com (I50p) 
Harrison (150p) 

Hffle Ergonom (92p) 

Hughes Food (20p) 
Local Lon Gp 
M6 Cash « C HOOp) 
Marina Dev (11 Op) 
Newage Trans (75p) 
Sandal Peridns (135p) 
Scot Mwe t0Q% #25 
Stanley Tetsue {11 Op) 
Thames TV (190p) 
Trees sH%i/l 2016 =9 
Unflock (63c) 

Yelverton (38p) 
Yorkshire TV (125p) 

2016 *97 £95 U -*b 


$228,000 (£158.000) cash. 

Like many companies of its 
ilk. Petranol has suffered 
heavily from the slump in 
energy prices over the past 
year. It was forced to re- 
schedule its £1 1 million bank 
debt earlier this year and its 
interim net profits slumped to 
£6,148 from £131 million in 

Investors, who have seen 
their shares plummet from 
305p in 1984. also had take- 
over hopes dashed in July 
when Inoco, a Dallas-based 
energy group, withdrew a 
contested £25 million all- 
paper bid after a Takeover 
Panel investigation. The Panel 
ruled that Inoco had acted in 
concert with the former 
Petranol chairman, Mr Give 
Smith, who had accepted its 
terms for his 25 per cent stake. 

Other oil stocks held up well 
with BP gaining 5p to 675p, 
Shell putting on 7p to 91 5p, 
Lasmo up 3p at !I3p and 
Enterprise a penny harder at 

Stores, always victims in 
times of threatened interest 
rate increases, eased across the 
board. Storehouse shed 8p to 
3l5p. Woohvorth lost Sp to 
635jx Stylo also dipped 5p to 

Barratt Developments 
climbed 14p to 160p, after* 
touching 166p at one time, on 
beiter-than-expecied results. 
Several building sector an- 
alysts were so impressed that 
they have now raised their 
prom forecasts for the com- 


Berkeley Tech F/P 
Boots N l/P 
Brown & Tawse F/P 
Bunzl N/P 

Cambium Venture N/P 
Christy Hunt N/P 
New Ct Nat Res N/P 
Sedgwick F/P 
Tiphook N/P 
{Issue pries in brackets). 



Three Month Staffing Open 

Mar 87 88.60 

Jun 87 — 89.82 

Sep 87 8950 

Dec 87 ...... 89 as 

Mar 88 N/T 

Previous day's total open Merest 13288 
Three Month Ewockriler 

Dec 86 9330 

Mar 87 93.7V 

Jun 87 9155 

Sap 87 9320 

US Treasury Bond 

Dec 86..._ 94-09 

Mar 87 N/T 

Ji*i87 N/T 




Ext Vo! 






















Previous (fey’s total 
9350 93.85 

I open fcitersM 23372 
9350 2011 














Short G* 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Long Gilt 

Sep 86 . 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 ...... 

Jun 87 


Sep 86 

Dec 86 - 

Previous day's total open Ireo raat 5952 
II 93-17 9405 5834 

8306 0 


Previous day’s total ogenbitamsi 1480 

N/T 96-35 0 

97-38 97-40 9840 96-32 *81 

Prevnuo day's total open Interest 13963 
111-18 111-18 111-18 111-00 2 , 

114-00 114-00 110-24 111-03 19333 

N/T 110-30 0 

N/T 11040 0 

Previous day's total open Wereet 2324 
16150 161.50 160.00 160:00 335 

185.00 165.00 162.40 163.00 293 

Marital rates 
day's range 
S e ptember 26 
N York 1.4440-1.4560 
Montreal 2.0029-2.0216 
Ams' da m3 33 78- 35689 
Brussels 61.16-61 J2 
Cphgen 11.1544-11.1951 
Dublin 1.0771-1.0694 
Frantfurt 25529-25809 
Lisbon 211.91-214.04 
Madrid 194.30-19923 
Mflan 2041.61-2051.07 
Oslo 10.5835-10.7082 
Pans 9.6801-9,7288 
SCkhkn 100313-10.0815 
Tokyo 22328-22424 
Ywrata 2080-20.37 
Zuncfi 2.3913-2.4006 

September 24 
14455-1 .4465 

0 . 46-0.4 5prem 
14-11 pram 

1- 5cte 
1Y.-1 ft pram 

2- 4dis 
1 %- 1 *pram 



8!»-7ft pram 
1 %-lpcam 

1.52-1 jUfnm 
057-0, 79prem 
pram- Kdis 

65-125 de 




2- lXprem 

3- 2’ftprem 
24li-22 , i pro 

Staffing Index compared wife 1975 was down at 694 (day's range 695-637). 

Aigenhna austraT . 

AusUBha ddar 

Bahrain (fear 

Brazil cruzado* — 


FraiDaallafls LaatDaaSnga Last Dactaretfon ForSaManant 

Sep 22 Oct 3 Dec 18 Jan 5 

CW 6 Oct 17 Jan 8 Jsn J9 

Oct 20 Oct 31 Jan 22 Feb 2 

Call opBon a wore taken out on: 24/9/86 Euro LaUure. Hanson Trust, GtanfMd 

Lawrence. PertUand, M.Y. Dart Aaronsan Bros.. Soimd DJfkofcm, Iceland Frozen 

Foods. Buckley's Brewery. PWMbIb, Mckatdaon Wast Lasmo. Oufl Oh. Bepm 

Group. Bnt Syphon, Bums Anderson. CronAa. North Kaigurt Mines. 

Put & Can North Kofgurii Mines. 

FMsnd maria 

Greece drachma — 
Hong Kong dollar _ 


Iraq dinar __ 

Kuwait (finer KD — 
Malayso dollar — 

Mexico peso — 

New Zealand doHar 
Saudi Arabs nyai 
Singapore dollar — 
South Africa rand — 


‘Lloyds Bank 




19 91-20.03 Australia 

0 7350-07450 Canada 

7 1165-71565 Sweden 

135 80-19780 Norway 

„ 113826-113913 Denmark 

1330-18.50 West Germany 

— n/a Switzerland 

0.421 5-0. 4255 Netherlands 

37885-3 7942 France 

1080.0-11300 Japan 

29927-3.0073 Italy 

5.4100-54500 Be^unfComm) 

3.1436-31473 Hong Kong 

33342-33511 Portugal 

53980-53380 Spain 

Austria — 

i aappSed by Barclays Bank HOFEX and ExtaL 

Ireland 1.3380-13410 

Allied Lyons 

Cons GoM 



Com Union 

Cable & Wire 





Land Sec 

Marks 3 Sped 

Snell Trans 

Trafalgar House - 



Bkic Ci»CW 

pc Boers 


Oct Jan Apr 

15 25 37 

6 13 22 

2 7 12 

130 145 157 
80 100 120 
40 62 83 

58 75 92 

23 48 65 

7 27 40 

30 42 51 

16 31 39 

7 20 28 

1 9 - 

12 22 31 

5 12 22 

1 7 IS 

16 36 42 

6 19 28 

2 10 17 

1 4 — 

130 — — 

80 — — 
30 - — 

17 26 30 

6 15 19 

2K 6 10 

85 — — 

57 — — 

— 65 70 

33 — — 

150 180 187 
102 132 140 
64 94 100 

27 60 77 

21 31 40 

6 18 28 

2 a 13 

20 29 36 

7 17 22 

1» 9 13 

177 197 212 
127 150 165 

85 115 130 
27 35 44 

IS 23 30 

6 12 21 

Sap Pec Star 
42 58 68 

12 35 48 

% 23 33 

a 12 i7 

20 27 35 

V. 18 26 

ft 9 15 

18 33 43 

- — 33 

1 7 — _ 

30 55 65 
1 30 40 

1 15 25 

13 43 58 

20 30 
'A 7 16 

220 — — 
170 180 200 
120 130 15§ 
70 100 IS 

54 64 74 

24 34 46 

1 20 28 

3 2 i I? 

1 »3 25 

1 7 18 

■. 4 9ft 

55 110 - 

10 7S 120 

2 52 930 

3 37 re 

54 - 2 

2Bft 35 39 

a k i9ft 24 

'4 9ft 14- 


Oct Jan Apr 

8 12 17 

33 35 40 

58 63 65 

1 4 8 

2 0 17 

13 23 35 
6 20 30 

27 40 50 
62 72 82 

2 6 11 

9 14 17 

19 23 27 

44 48 — 

15 17 20 

30 33 38 
57 57 57 

8 14* 20 

25 30 37 

45 47 50 

70 70 — 

1ft — — 

4 — — 

5 — — 

4 6 9 

11 14 16 

30 30 30 

3 8 12 

7 15 23 

15 27 37 

40 SO 57 

4 6 6 

19 20 22 

46 46 46 

1 2 5 

8ft 12 14 
25 27 29 

7 17 27 

1» 7 14 

7 17 24 

20 8 36 

Sap Pec Mar 

1 6 B 

1» 17 22 

22 36 42 

60 67 67 

1 3 7 

1»i 12 17 

22 27 27 

1 10 17 

1 15 20 

30 49 46 

B0 80 63 

1ft 18 23 

40 40 43 

90 90 92 

9 - - 
4 8 12 

4 12 23 

4 25 36 

T 2 3 

1 7 14 

6 20 28 

2 H 16 

20 24 27 

39 43 44 

_69 70 70 

4 35 - 

5 58 75 

55 BS 105 

102 120 140 

t 2 4» 
ft 6 9 
12 16 H 

rtee Sept Dec Mar Sep Dec Mar 

500 25 52 70 2 20 28 

550 1 25 45 30 42 50 

600 ft 12 27 60 85 S3 

Thom EMI 

420 50 65 77 ft 4 10 

460 10 33 45 2 15 20 

500 ft 15 Z7 35 40 40 

550 ft 7 12 85 BS 85 

300 108 — - 1 — — 

330 78 88 — 1 1 — 

360 48 60 73 1 4 6 

390 18 40 50 1 11 15 

Bre Aero 

BAT Irate 

Brit Telecom 

Cadbury Schwppe 







Vaal Reefs 

460 17 

500 7 

550 2ft 
360 93 

390 63 

420 40 

460 18 

460 43 

500 22 

550 6 

180 15 

200 5 

220 2 

160 21 

180 8 

200 3 

300 33 

330 13 

380 6 

300 85 

330 55 

360 28 

300 60 

330 33 

360 13 

120 S 

130 5 

140 3 

500 85 

550 45 

600 18 

450 62 

500 23 

550 8 

BOO 2 

160 20 

180 8 

200 3 

500 137 

550 90 

600 45 

650 20 

70 16ft 

80 10 

90 4* 

Feb Mar Nov 

33 45 35 
20 38-70 
12 23 117 

40 47 

73 77 
117 117 

107 — ft 

78 87 4 

58. 65 B 
30 40 30 

60 70 5 

38 52 23 

17 27 63 

23 29 5 

11 18 17 

5 13 35 

30 34 3 

15 18 9 


40 53 5 

23 33 16 

8 22 40 

— — 1ft 

— — 1ft 

— — 7 

25 33 IS 

15 21 16 

9 14 25 

6 11 32 

100 110 2 
80 75 12 

30 38 37 

43 58 6 

22 33 38 

— — 88 

26 34 4 

14 20 12 

6 11 30 

65 85 15 

40 56 37 

22 24ft 2ft 
16ft 18ft 5ft 

10 13 10ft 


Rates were in dined to ease 
at first when sterling looked 
steadier after Tuesday's inter- 
vention by the Bank of En- 
gland. Some traders began to 
wonder whether after all a rise 
in interest rates coaid be 
beaded off. Bnt the trade 
figures pot paid to any such 
hope. Rates turned firmer 
again and day-to-day money 
showed firmer rates on the 
back of tbe heavier shortage. 
Later, however, gloomy views 
on tbe outlook diverted funds 
from the periods 

Baa* Rates* 

Cieenng Banks 10 
France House 10 
Disco unt Market Loans % 

Overnight High; 10N Low 7 


Treasury BUte (Discount %) 

1ft — 
6 10 

Buying SeSing 

2 ninth 9 IS >* 2mntn 9 ,3 i» 

SirnSi S'V 3mnth9"n. 

Pitee Bank Bflls (Dtscourt » 

1 With gr\w-9->c 2 mnth 9»»-9* 
3mnth 10-9 ' j i, 6mnth IOft-0 1 ' ^ 

Trade BBs (Discount*) 

1 mnth 10 lv x- 2 mnth HP* 

3 mnth 10ft 6 rrmth ID* 

Interbank (ft) 

Ovarragttf. open 9* dose 10 
iweek9 fi i»-9 ,, ii. Bmntti KFu-iO'iv 
injure 9 IS «^9 L >.<. 9njnre 10 "|*- 10 ' 1 , 
3mnth 1P«rl(Pi» I2mte I0 l3 ivl0"i» 

«&*?“*' "•’TSgl, 

1 mnth 9* Siqntti 9* 

6 mnth 10U 12mth 10ft 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 1014-10 2mrttfi lOft-IOft 
3 mnth lOft-IOft 6 mnth IDft-lOft 
9 more io ft-ioft I2mre iOft-10* 

Starting CDs (%l 

1 ntrnh 9 l ‘-i6-9 ri r» 3mnth lOH-IOft 
6 mnth IIPk-IO'is 12tmh IO’ib.IO’h 
Dotar CDs f?;) 

1 mnth 6.05-6.00 3 mnth 5.95-530 

8 mnA 5JS-5-90 12 Mh S35-5.B0 


Sadat Nov Mar Jaw Nov. Mar Jm 

200 23 29 35 5 11 15 

218 ii — — 12 — — 

238 5ft — — 25 — — 

240 — 12 16 — 35 46 

255 3 — — 43 — — 

Tr 11*% 1991 

Tr 11*% 03/07 

FT-SE 1525 
Index 1550 
(*1B04) 1575 

Nov Fab 



1«ra 214 

63 100 
56 SO 
35 BS 
17 48 

6 38 
2 28 
IK 18 
1 11 

115 — 

93 — 

73 — 

57 75 

43 60 

33 S2 
28 45 

18 37 

1 4ft 4* 5ft 

% 6 6ft 7 

?.« 8 8ft 8* 

«ie 5ft 6* 
2ft 7 7** B 
1ft 8ft 9 B** 
Via 10S 10% 11 
— 12ft 12ft — 

Soul Oct War Dae 

16 9 — 

2 13 16 - 

5 22 25 — 

13 32 37 42 

30 42 50 55 

50 60 65 72 

75 80 85 92 

100 105 108 112 


7 days 5W* 
7 days 4H-4K 
ammti 4%-4ft 
French Rone 
7 days 8Xr-8 
3mrefi 8ftr8ft 
Swiss Rane 
7 days I0ft-9ft 
3mmh 4ft-4ft 

7 days 6ft-6ft 
3 mnth S'is^^h 


6)4 -5ft 
I 6 l ltr5 l *'Hi 
i 6ft-6 

i 4ft-4K 
i 4%4ft 
i 8V6ft 
4 '4-4 ft 
4»t«-4 J it 
4 ,s l8. ,, lfc 

Sovereigns' (new)i 

$ 103.tol04iO{E71 JO-7225) 
-Excludes VAT 


Tam contracts 16723 . a* 12230 ■ Pbte6414. Undortyinfl seeority price. 


Fixed Rets Srerfing Export finance 
Scheme tv Avarage reference rate lor 
interest period August 6. 1986 to 
Sept e mber 2, 1986 nausive: 98990 per 

pany for next year. Wood 
Mackenzie, the broker, has 
stepped up its forecast for 
1987 from £30 million io £35 
million, with £42 million ex- 
pected for the following year. 

Mr Angus Thaure, a build- 
ing analyst at County Securi- 
ties, is looking for £40 million 
in 1987 and £50 million in 
1988, while watchers at 
Charterhouse Tilney, the 
Liverpool broker, arc even 
more ambitious, expecting 
profits of £45 million next 

BAT Industries peaked at 
453p, up 12p, as a pany of 
British analysts began a two- 

• Is Ferranti creeping 
back into favour? The 
electronics and computer 
systems group has been a 
weak market since poor 
animal results in July and 
waning takeover talk, bnt 
some analysts think the 
shares have fallen far 
enough. Mr Basil de Ferranti, 
the chair man, was in BD 
optimistic mood at yesterday's 
annual meeting when he 
said that the order book bad 
reached £750 mil lion. The 
shares rose 2p to 98p after 
touching IOOp. 

day visit to the Chicago offices 
of its American offshoot, 
while fdlow-sector company 
Rothmans, up at 1 Sip at one 
point, ended the day with a 4p 
gain at 146p after a badly- 
handled split buying order, 
which had dealers chasing 

United Scientific Holdings, 
the Alvis armoured vehicle 
manufacturer, lost some of its 
recent speculative froth, fall- 
ing 8p to i 60p. There has been 
persistent talk in recent weeks 
that Pilkington Bros has been 
casting an envious eye over 
USH and was considering an 
offer of 2 1 Op a share. That 
would value the entire group 
at £1 13 million. Now there is 
growing speculation that USH 
is about to sell-off part of its 
business to GFCN. the en- 
gineering giant 
Last year was a difficult year 
for USH which saw pretax 
profits slide from £12 million 
to £10.14 million. The group 
says it has tackled short-term 
difficulties and will has traded 
profitably. The final dividend 
is expected to be maintained. 
Pilkington finished 4p lower 
at 43 Ip. 

Profit-taking after a recent 
strong run left Wellcome I lp 
down at 199p. Last week the 
group was given the go-ahead 
m an unprecedented move by 
the US drug authorities to 
administer anti-Aids drug on 
compassionate grounds. The 
new drug had behaved well 
during clinical trials, but ex- 
perts said that it was still early 

Analysts do not expect sales 
of the drug to have much 
impact on Welcome's perfor- 
mance in the short term. 

The sale of Libya’s 1 5 per cent stake in 
Flat ends a remarkable decade of 
partnership between the Agnelli fam- 
ily and Colonel Gadaffi. It also points 
to a challenging future for London as 
the centre for international equity 
trading once the proposed integrated 
Stock Exchange is created. 

The Libyans put up some £250 
million in 1976 when Fiat's car plants 
were in deep trouble. They kept with 
the diversified giant of Italian in- 
dustry through the thinnest times, 
investing more on the way. They 
stayed to see a full recovery — profits 
doubled to more than £800 million in 
the first half of this year. 

After a decade, the roles were 
reversed. Libya, like many Arab oil 
producers, needed the money. Its 
politically useful shareholding had 
become an embarrassment (leading 
Fiat briefly to be blacklisted for 
Pentagon contracts). Gianni Agnelli 
had the money, and international 
investors the confidence to invest in 
Fiat. The Libyans cashed £2.2 billion, 
making a deservedly large profit. 

The deal itself is a remarkable 
portent of things to come. The Agnelli 
family bought the entire 1 5 percent It 
kept 7.5 per cent of the ordinary 
shares at a cost of about £750 million, 
building a controlling 40 per cent 
voting stake. The remaining 7.5 per 
cent plus a clutch of non-voting 
securities with a total market value of 
£1.5 billion were quickly sold to a 
consortium of Deutsche Bank and the 

Italian Mediobanca, which kept £350 
million worth for Italians. 

Deutsche kept a similar amount 
within its network and, within a few 
hours on Tuesday night, spread the 
rest round a traditional — though 
impressive — eurobond syndicate. 

The good news is that Deutsche 
Bank Capital Markets in London 
forms the centre of the international 
sales operation. The bad news is that 
no British firm was among the 1 2 lead 
managers. They included the three top 
German banks, the three lop Swiss, 
Shearson Lehman and Salomon for 
the US, Paribas for France. Daiwa for 
Japan and the Arab Banking Corpora- 
tion. The leading British eurobond 
firms, of which Mercury’ is the most 
notable, stayed oul Perhaps the 
advent of Big Bang next month left 
them unwilling to commit the £70 
million entry fee. 

This is just the sort of block trade 
which the new-style London securities 
market is being set up to handle. 
TTianks to Fiat's profits, which kepi its 
shares up.the dealers should make 
almost 4 per cent, about £60 million. 
This deal is unusually large. But it 
shows that only the big boys can play. 

Significantly, no stock exchange is 
really involved in the whole opera- 
tion. No wonder the London Stock 
Exchange agreed to merge with the 
international securities dealers. The 
British will have some work to do 
before they can play in the same 
league as their new partners. 

The trade apocalypse 

The Four Horsemen of the Apoca- 
lypse — balance of payments disaster, 
a tumbling pound, higher interest 
rates and accelerating inflation — rode 
roughshod through London yes- 
terday. The August trade figures, 
easily tbe worst ever, provided the 
lash. The Bank of England, once 
more, had to dig into reserves to help 
the pound ouL 

It is demonstrably the case that 
monthly trade figures are erratic. It is 
no less true that Britain’s balance of 
payments is tilting alarmingly on the 
wrong side. Tbe cumulative current 
account surplus for the first eight 
months was just £68 million, in 
comparison with a surplus of £3.6 
billion for the whole of last year. 

The Chancellor's Budget-time fore- 
cast of a £3.5 billion 1986 surplus has 
been quietly forgotten. The Treasury 
says that there is no “presumption" of 
a shift into deficit next year. Erratic or 
not, there was a manufacturing trade . 
deficit of more than £1 billion last 

Into the turmoil of the arena rides 
the Fifth Horseman, Stephen Lewis of 
stockbroker Phillips & Drew. The 
broker's economists see a new danger 
ahead, that of the economy overheat- 
ing. The pause in the recovery is now 
history, they say; by the end of the 
year the economy will be growing too 
fast for its own good. 

And the result is: “Too high pay, 
excessive credit expansion, balance of 

payments weakness and rising govern- 
ment borrowing: circumstances un- 
likely to endear sterling to investors 
who, in any event, face increasing 
political risk on UK investments." 

Oul of all this, Phillips & Drew sees 
higher base rates coming. The gilt 
market has already caught on to this 
idea. Yesterday, as has now become 
almost customary, the falls extended 
to more than a point in the longer- 
dated stocks. 

As so often, it is all a question of 
how the jigsaw slots together. In the 
latest three months, despite the Au- 
gust fall, export volume was up by 3 
per cent. Import volume, over the 
same period, rose by 5 per cent. 
Extrapolating these figures produces 
the sort of balance of payments 
nightmare forecast by the National 
Institute, with the current account in 
deficit by nearly £6 billion 

But if stronger growth is coming 
through, and the recent sharp import 
rise mainly reflects restocking for the 
upturn, the picture is less worrying. 
Exporters should benefit from the 
pound's low level against the Euro- 
pean currencies. Exports and imports 
could cross over, at least in terms of 
volume growth. 

If not, and yesterday’s trade figures 
prove to be a forerunner of even 
greater disasters ahead, the omens are 
not good. The balance of payments 
constraint would be back with a 

This advertisement a pubhshed by B j ing Brothers & Co. Unwed and NM Rothschild & Sons Limited on behalf of 

BET ftibfic Limited Company 

The Directors of BETRiblk Limited Company are the persons resportsfelefor the information contained in thisadvertnetnem. 

Tb the best of their knowledge and belief (hawing taken afl reasonable care to ensurethatsuch isthe case) the information contained in 

this advertisements in accordance with the facts. 

The Directors of BET Public limited Company accept responsibifity accordingly 

To HAT Group Shareholders 

The BET offer for your shares expires at 
10.30am today 

To be effective, your form of acceptance must be 

with BETS Registrars, 

Hill Samuel Registrars Limited, at 6 Greencoat Place, 
London swipipl by that time. 

Value of BET Increased and 
Final Share Offer: 

142 P 

HAT Share Price: 



Vfelue of Offers based on share price of BETat 330 pm on 24th September, 1986. 
HAT share price andHAT share price before offerare prices at 330 pm on 
24th September and 21st Jul)( 1986 respectively 
• Unless it is unconditional as to acceptances or a competitive situation arisen 




OBsr Ong to 

Bd OHor cmg Via 

* 7 ’ i , v . vc 

Bd Otter Om TO 

Bd DW 0*9 to 

Bd OB* CMg TO 

Bd Otter Ong TO 

■‘ e r r? i rb y 

Wtd .SBWR«M. 


UK tocorna U.1 511 -0.1 44 J 

UKOnWMan 412 El J ..143 

Oo DM 4U SU .. 143 

C utup— n area* SU 515 -12 IBS 

ndScOnMl 887 SBtfl +04 .. 

+7.0 506 
*1.7 046 
+21 040 

UK Mr 

tOA U 6 Jo +W 
1449 IRflO 
1H7 sale +11 

24?s8m* +14 


264 371c +02 243 
28.1 30.10 +02 240 

MSI 106# .. 443 

54J 902 +13 090 

SBjB SB4 +13 on 

408 SZOc +0.1 7JB 
SOS 57.40' +04 BJB 
K4 SEJM 401 223 




+U 121 


+40 111 


+42 840 


+02 640 

1HBJJ ‘ 

+04 8J3 


+07 218 


-4.1 1» 


-41 118 


+01 444 


+07 444 


+24 086 


+23 036 


+45 1.W 


+si tie 


+41 174 


+47 209 


+46 2J» 


- ’ 

Tie jmces m this 
section refer to 
Tuesday's trading 


month. (32) 20th of (north. 

■i v . ' i+.b. 



IS ■'> AS M Op 
DO 45 ATASatad 
1» 33 Utama t 120 

83 38 NMibSEHm 48 

143 46 Aco—a 5—1 

108 32 ACOm Cano 46 

21 8’; ACM JsdriMy 1> +2 

~ 10-j Adda LMure 17 +2 

Wflh Low Ctanpany 

dv tM 

Mcs QTgs panes % WE 

10 • 

S3 +4 

’S £S 

131 AccMr 
218 Arp He 
188 too 

18 Aaaoc Enargy 
174 A30 

122 MM EtHM— * 
■i Aiao—MC 

n Banns A MM 
31 BsnaBM Otapa 
: r. Bstfensy 8 Hay 
28 B areaUy &ra 
138 BS M Mf Qp 

125 urn aoo 

» »M Sac 122 

iro ft O Mu —ndt 170 

SO »M"d 58 

SO dread a 54 

w mmh »* 

178 Brafcmart 288 

118 Bmn j Cttd— 1 188 

185 Kyant (DnaM 223 

2 Sa RaaOUTM 2 

73 CCA Gmnaa 90 

125 CM. More 130 

V* CPS Comp 8'. 

75 CMJ 0a«« * 

130 CUD ISO 

8S nmmnOtl 90 

82 Camwoi IS 

08 Cannon areal SI* M« 

213 Canon TV 325 

84 Ore*c*ry&aa >00 

83 Ctedvom Erops 13S 

is OnMllan 121 

6’j Chan* Mata* 7 

is emmw 2i3 

B't ca* m 

75 rsymnon 32 

475 Ofyvtdon TV 580 

70 cvenm 74 

152 dartre Hoopar 181 

11 CtapGW 22 

a cun wp 31 

87 Soared OkbM— tos 

58 CsMEnwtSH 80 

2i con 12* 

30 CotWQW sc 30 

no Core n—ieM m 

30 CosoMB » 

74 Cgretanto 114 

38 Cm Tara SM 46 

708 CtrtMoonm 270 

85 CMH 95 

80 CPU MO 

308 Oafflphom 383 

48 CrartrtC* « 

08 Qam* nz 

76 Cram loogs M 

188 enmm lsm ibs 

58 Qdmi TV Ptod 78 

75 Cnm 84 

43 DBCTadl « 

116 DDT 171 

78 tVSaOAKm 101 

83 Damn 73 

1 60 Oawaa (0Y1 200 

SB Oasn 6 Bans 80 

29 Da M (Anarn 2*'i 

134 MW 141 

«0 Daknar 47 

10S D— 125 

TO Damans EMC 80 

88 D aas y Mnsn 78 

130 Dianna 2 » 

3<s Dhnk 420 

. 16\- Oman I8'j 

30 EsM 57 

102 Etfng Sad OpSca l» 

0 Ecobne 27 

238 Edh Fund 240 

a Ed** OU 1 Gat 25 

2M Euroga Pupa 'A* 377 

|08 EJ+cron Hares 125 

61 Baemne 0*t« p 83 

24 Eim S 

7 EiinMW wrt Prod IS 

177 Em» 140 

108 Ere CuwBstsan IN 

138 FH 310 

131 MB Qp 3*0 

01 80 143 
11 40110 

18 10 17.1 

3.1 17 111 

4.01 . . . . 
.. 31 

. .. 68 

77 7. " 
18 1814.1 
20 14 ZLt 

44 1.4 320 

■8 7.8 8.0 
1U 18 1M 
. . . 14 

11.4 14 7.7 
7 0 16 118 

M 86 114 
1.4 ZD ISO 
7.1 31 118 

57 7JJ 97 
14 77 7.7 

00 24 97.4 

30 13268 

11 44 111 

84 17 122 

90 2217.0 

i.i is idi 

M SO 71 

21b 17181 
121 74 81 
41 UIU. 
11 31 .. 
iltt XO .. 

10 17 112 
31 23 231 
111B 52 71 

34 31134 
21 17 114 

1.4 224 33 
. a . . 117 

29 45 133 

11 £5 21.4 
178 S3 127 

11 29 121 

.. 121 
21 24 H2 
31 429 . 

12 24 227 


13 20 IS 
13 20211 

II 21 29.1 
.. ..69 

13 18 222 
7.111S4 30S 

14 24 153 

17 31132 
26 25148 
74 32 238 

0.7a 16127 
71 U 87 
23 16119' 

53 29 226 

10 77164 

16 13 63 
. . . .300 

1.7 13 165 

21 21 63 

14 U 120 
41 26 213 

15 46 196 
a* 13 MS, 

6.7 41 . ' 

29 12 13, 
21 23 173 

54 86 61 
107*14! ST 

71 10 114 
60 13 261 

03 13 142 

26 44 173 

11 24 324 

04 i6 sat 
93 19143 
. . • .626 
93 25 17.4 
49 19 166 
23 26 122 

14 117 3.4 
7.1 11 117 
14 69 122 

186 78 

143 M 
128 88 
81 86 
140 MS 
38 18 
115 61 '« 
88 58 

298 133 
255 IBS 
46 26 

180 143V 
415 170 
205 *a 

81 86 
*Tl 7 
115 106 
133 106 

181 116 
20 22 
14 V) 

188 116 

148 105 

■a n 
n 4 jm 
330 253 ALP 

320 220 
19 65 
113 55 
113 67 
N 37 
125 70 
. 48 32 

Its 100 

. 154 14 
81 73 

. 140 95 
1M 138 
83 17 
» 77 

255 MO 
iso tot 

123 45 
SO 51 
96 88 

176 92 

35 9 

1(6 HJ » 

306 186 
220 1» 

98 75 

15 9 

H 13 
*148 138 
3M 330 
136 95 
1C2 71 
» 38 
780 360 
210 100 
47 h 
385 231 
103 IBS 

220 130 aim 

47 13 Mama 

158 108 Uoergare C 

124 82 Monks A C 

158 127 
50 25 

23' I I5*i 

115 S3 
192 125 
317 237 
21 6 
S': O-i 
SO 14 
95 75 

77 75 
Zt 10 NM6 

149 91 

150 S3 
165 81 















• .. 



























• .. 











• . . 














• . . 



s 80 





K» 21 


• .. 






























20 2 14 







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51b 51 
















14b 24 















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ii : 






• .. 











• . 




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6 « 
















21 ; 


• .. 


.. 1 

























1 15 









• . 


31 1 







23 \ 




29* 71 

250 168 
195 145 
101 H 
173 128 
230 138 

160 1ST 
131 81 

31 33 

HE 113 
Si II 
89 68 
63 4e stream aiao 
38 20 Scacma 

99 85 
71 55 





11 273 




62 61 






• .. 


74 123 



34 142 


• -2 


1.1 264 


.B • 

.. 2311 


.. 3S| 


• .. 




33b 21 367' 



61 61 



41 TU7 j 





m _ 



104 137 


.. 40 



■ .. 


21 39 




31 103 


■ .. 




60 121 





.. -- 




33 137 


-- « 

.. S3 



93 162 


• .. 





83 21 



63 131 




• -2 




.. 128 


• .. 


ai .. 


_ . 

03 .. 





17 203 



04 260. 


.. 17 



35 170 


62 S3 



30 237 






03 361 

• . 



19 291 


17 262 


13 210 








32 140 



37 123 

44 111 




20 04 


.. 52 


39 131 




32 61 



.. 10 










37 263' 


21b 21204 



.. 520 








1.1 zso 



19 237 




11 7.1 




21 209 



21 17.4 



43 230 



8.1 (1 


• . . 


11 427 







01 321 



1.7 19L2 





• . . 


61 67 








• .. 










• .. 


64 60 







41 .. 



43 63 




53 .. 




67 113 




37 70 


• .. 


3.1 128 





• . 

&7b 40 121 


e . 


20 220 

31 62 
311 40 
44 35 
-10 24 
OB 09 
290 21 
150 05 
OO 54 
07 at 
.21.7. 40 
33' 14 
314 45 

03 02 

tu 14 




0 W Jeymoa art Co report 

SUGAR (Fran C-Cxvnfeow) 


Oct 1110-1 ZB 






15&MA4 , 
















— — 3159 



2470-485 ! 










Fad L 



138JMW ! 

134&33E ' 






Oex .. 120-50^000 




130953000 . 


134.00- 32.00 

127.00- 2000 


RudoN Wo* » Ca ltd. upon 


Gash — S2&Q042S.Q0 

Thr« Months . 961.00-951 .SO 

Vof — 700 

Tons Sttodwr 


Cash 903-00-90400 

Thu* Worths. 9Z7JXM30JO 

Vot W 



COSh 277J&Z7&S0 

Tim Months. fflIJMBEOO 

Vol -850 

Tone ■ . - SNSdyQmt 



vw — m 

Tans Mis 


Cah 60050-601.00 

Thro* Months . 605.00-606.00 

Vrt ..100 

Tom Study Quirt 

C85h 407.00-409 jOO 

Thu* Moats. 417JXM1BL00 

Gash 85MH8000 

Three Months . ei6JJMl7Jffl 

Vol ; 6000 

Taw S WN 

Cssh 2B1 0-2620 

Three Months 2656-2S60 

V« 1260 

Tom : StMtiv 


prices «t 

Carte dss. down 23%, aw. 
price. 91 

a«P«to8 106%. m. 


Pip Contact p. par IiSo 
M onti open Close 

i » 3K! 
ft ' TO IB 


Mat ne <? 

LheCriSe Contact 

Mon* Open ckae 

» sgs is 

Now Unqted pg^ 

Fob Unqtsd ® n 

April UM-M ,£3 

*»■ Unqtsd IOOjs 

Vot 5 



Montfi Ck» Ctoee 

No* 108.10 10850 

+J23 1«J0O 

M*tfi 11255 11250 

1J550 10459 

■My 117.10 




OctBT S7SB74 

VOt 79 KM 

(feen Merest 2ui 

mgh/Low Ctose 
380-9B0 900. 



tot IS lots 

Sp« nuficst commantery: 


9e2 ^**45on23/9/B8 

r-'a. . . 

i.-.* ■ .. 

Z V.'u . 

*.\£ - 
"Aj t 'i* ; 


rt.5*-*** ‘ 

- » s. ln 

ij'jre F . 

■ : - 
. T . i ;«n •• *. 

. s i - .**. . ■> . 

• - 

i Sifkn .. 

|H ■ .: 

4.-,^ • 


j.ji : 

I? f-1 1 : 

k r hi • 


rs^ ^ .- •• 

?-» 4 
C- v >< 
S2 » '■ 

§ ,; . r 1 : 

;> •. 

-V ^ i - 
.v *• 

■i * * .■* . 

I O' 

« •> 





No. CoipiHj 

Gain or 
Grasp lass 

Nervous selling of gilts 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on September 15 . Dealings end tomorrow. ^Contango day Monday. Settlement day October 6 . 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

@ Horn Newspapers United 


Oaims required for 
+34 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


industriab L-R 


Indusiriab S-Z 


Hgn low Com oamr 

Indusiriab S-Z 

IB B W 1 

lOO 1.71M 
10.7 52 1M 

u u u 

0.1 07 24.1 

06 m 62 

M 22 1&S 
109 *9 123 



d» VU 

Pnoi Oioepsncr *. P!E 

.. ..93 

a* as ha 
OB 73 KL1 
10 13 101 
104 81 MB 

207 as ill 
7B 11 172 
.. • .. 112 
65 27 556 
100 72 92 

154 11 .. 
7.1 15 15.7 

11B 24 123 
23 42 282 

43 43 1ST 

123 12 123 
16 53 115 

63 4.4 123 

113 54 113 

375 27 .. 
07a 13 .. 
26 1.1 207 

106 03 113 

32 04 

143 52 07 

83 65 73 

117 44 111 

08 54 85 

11.4 4.1 143 
304 4.5 03 
08 17 24.7 
75 15 113 

7.4 04 127 

7.1 83 175 

73 7.1 124 




Aba a Max 
. ABB HZ Mm 
Am Gan 

Jerome (S) 

Tomkins (FH) 

Assoc Fbberies 

Atlantic Comp 


Rugby Cemem 


Please be sure to take account 
of any minus tipis 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note or your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £16,000 in 
Saturday's newsmner. 


103 85 1 : 

inou mv 

97b mu 


101 U 8SV 
97V sob 

104*1 97*4 

104*4 96*i 
102>. 94V 
94b 6BV 
107b m-i 
W5V 98 ■> 
1MV 93*: 
1ir» 94*a 
IDTi 94 
83U 845 
1D3V 92b 
92 B2U 
114*. 10SU 
mu 78*. 

imu mu 

mu 79V 

ioou m*. 

106V 82V 
112V m 
110V 97*. 

Hu an*. 





100U .. 


BOV .. 


97V .. 




S8v * 

95*. -V 




101U .. 


97V .. 


BfV .. 


n .. 


9iu .. 




101U .. 


99V .. 


imu +U 



imv* . . 




B7V« .. 




IDS’- .. 


mu .. 


100V .. 


10*V .. 













BW -U 


193 109 Abbay T71 

288 218 AbNUMn Comr 218 
2B7 213 Amac 265 

74 S2 AmcBBb 64 

211 125 AUNOMb 203 

550 931 BPS MUttriM 471 
300 284 BaDOMtAp Brick 375 
IBS 114 Bn«% 180 

32 22 B a lb flB H OonT 29 
182 128 Mni 170 

83 m Ban Brut 66 

1DUS75 BkxJdays CffV 

728 528 Bkb CfilM 5B1 

275 235 BmMonlOkMl « 288 
91 61 Br Dmdghn 81 

29 is Brmhis Jactson 23U 
79 37 BrawrtM 72 

132 B4 Btyun IIS 

27 7 BkiwC 6 HaOraa 9U 

TUB UD Cakabraad HoMy 150 
128 86 BeaHnvRoaOBm 113 
131 SO CmbOD 121 

sm 448 com* bib 

488 298 CnmyildB 476 
185 124 Cnun (Darak) 154 
124 84 Dm fGaoroa) 116 

137 72 Dougbf mm 138 

IBS 63 ErtBf 104 

S3 75 FOb H 

. 71 S* Do ’A* 68 

172 51 FOdtraM Hag it# 
70 64 RsfenGp BB 

M 80 DOord m 

1X1 100 BUo 6 Dandy 0x1121 
386 254 GJaetan (MJ) 383 
143 88 HAT 135 

280 SS Haacu Bar 270 

288 196 IMm 2» 

79 42 HMKMn^tuan 07 

344 144 Haywood Warn* 200 
M3 428 MRS 6 HI 828 

44 29V Howard Shut 44 

108 126 baoefc Jolnaan 178 

49D 285 J-vtoLf) & Sofia 440 

m 2 m Lahg uf sm 
4M 2 m no w 3m 

tat 78 LAManea JWM m) 98 
91 67 Uto; (FJCj '87 

429 200 LOval (YJ) 409 

196 128 Maniac 6 8ou» 192 

325 178 tlandin 2®S 

135 101 Marity 119U 

210 101 MwahaBa (Have*) im 

151 96 May A Haaaafl its 

448 304 McAUtaa (AHmd) 421 

304 228 McCartiy A S 2713 

Z72 171 MM M 231 

38 23 M*r fSranby) 36 

130 109 Mac* (A) 118 

444 306 MoabdlUeiai) m 

SCO 7, 8 NawaUM S BO 

211 163 HOBbtfi s ai Brick 1H 

249 115 PMBnmen 228 

110 BB Phoenix ThtW 83 

395 205 PoctiM 353 

m 440 RMC 632 

482 340 Mud 434 

323 IBS HubaniH 296 

T91 133V Rugby Canwa 188 

142 87 Sfaaipa A Fbhar 138 

M 70 Snail (J| « 

516 342 Tarmac 450 

348 236*9 TMor WboOrow 308 

180 140 TOuy Group 152 

430 328 Travta A Arnold 499 

101 75 Tram » 

IBS 1X8 TcrtW 181 

361 105 VtaopM 341 

-2 119 

+1 164 

.. aia 
+3 6.1 

-12 1 ZB 
-5 102 

4-14 102 

• 382 

• -S MO 



2 m 2 X 1 

224 173 
443 257 
SB*. 29U 

Hearn C E 

Hogg Aobfeiaon 

LegS < Gan 

London A Man 

Lon Uni an 

Mann A Melon 






WndnglOD (T] 


204 172 wamBbfca 
as or wamni Bma 
155 41 MagMa 
2m 157 Mbon (GoonaM 
225 ISO WtapBy (Gaorga) 

4.0 32 .. 

18 32 172 

25.0 48 92 
62 12122 
82 57 112 

82 7 A 193 
32b 25 238 
47 42 193 

25 2211.7 
25 18 ID 
50 43122 

14 72 192 
63 7.1 MA 
22 21 3X5 
72 22 125 
75b 52 127 
.. .. 774 

100 42144 
24 18112 
HI 5.1 M2 
194 11 172 
2JJ 45 183 

7.1 42 132 
143 33 902 
107 22112 
107 22113 

52 54 72 

52 02 17 
102 23 14.1 

74 10 222 

122 43 17.7 
54 43222 

75 43117 
0.1 0.1 .. 

Ill 43 133 

4.1 15 203 
12 15123 

14 17 .. 
93 72 152 

229 53 123 
157 12173 
93 47142 
920 42 93 
.. .. 11 
184 53 72 
200 12 142 
115 12137 

123 43 105 

9.1 52 184 

15 22 213 
620 14 173 

MB 11 119 
12.7 43 M2 
84b 53113 
122 22 173 

12 17 967 
100 83 283 
153 44 112 
104 18 164 

14 15 103 

10 35 T23 

13 13253 

07 05 111 

13 13203 
84 22 20.1 


Bcurga Mugs 
Sin Aauuica 
Sun Ua 
Trad* Indannay 
Mu Fibtr 

-1 92 63 .. 

*+V 100 32 .. 


-U BOO 33 .. 

» .. 16 2 ASM 

» 44.7 22 .. 

-1 174 12 .. 

16 18 .. 

-8 343 43 M2 

-10 428 54 22/ 

-5 3«2 72 82 

• . . U7 42 111 
-4 123 53 30.1 

-5 05 42 73 

»+5 2*30 83 132 

-U 220 47 .. 
.. 114 42113 

4 122 44 H.1 

»-U 88.1 42 .. 

-10 382 47 543 
-a mt< 52 .. 

3 £8 47673 

17.1b 53 153 

*2 15.7 32 183 

-B 103n 25 20.4 

4 272 4.1 81.1 

4 354 12 .. 

52 22 73 
*6 122 22 212 

60 31 

158 137 
107 75 

395 325 
440 303 
37 SBb 
283 183 
50 34 
258 ISO 
sm iso 
213 128 
50 30 

500 555 
2 M 81 
218 163 

May (lamas] 
Hannon OmtBaM 
jacm (Wn) 

P awa cn Zoen 
Do -A- 
Ptfijr Pack 
Sana Dam* 
SM am 
Total nimby 
vub Cans 

07 12 153 

. . lac 65 115 

52 17 .. 

4 SBB 72 190 
-r7 253 59 349 

+U 1.70 42 132 

• .. 17.1 80 104 

36 73 82 

•5 68 32 74 

*5 88 38 7 4 

• i-l 73 53 £9 

222 II 120 
♦t .. ..592 

.. 107 53 100 

In * eatmim t Truabi appear on Page 25 



246 208 
IM 126 
179V 71U 
209 ica 
» 19 
283 TM 
43 18 
29U 17 
IBS 132 
IM 153 
78 62 

95 79 

148 114 
223 2M 

Bartkgffecb sm 

Camma nfl*: 

Cmdcmf 237 

Camrawm 28 

EOtrily 2 Gun 27 

bory a Sana 138 

Majadb 186 

Nai Hon* Loans m 

12 02 .. 
32 23 52 
92 42 .. 

177 02 782 
5J 24 374 

12 42 252 
18 42 182 
82b 42 262 
12 22 .. 
mo 102 .. 

I Tsnpiam 204 • . . .. 

Randal Trims appear cm Page 26 



M ad Coaoidi 

DO "A - 

DO Did 

Hoadut Dk» 


235 1S8 
428 291 

2*7 im 

158 108 
111 7BU 

132 102 

im 112 

100 57', 

MB 82 
WS 245 
im im 
160 112 
22U 15 
163 127 
2*5 172 

133 111 
296 216 

m its 

453 530. 
101V 72V 
MB 88 
11 734 
<410 333 
11B 90 

I5U 11V 

im ns 

178 129 Han*** 

330 218 SMA BPD 

73 » Smcm Spaatanm 

Z37 179 WWWannofaia Bk* 
153 67 YodcaWm Own 


74 07 313 
22 ID 115 

17 42 207 

16 52 OS 

IBS 45 Ml 
103 *5 142 

102 42202 
12 12242 
152 52 15J 

12 12 164 
52 2.7112 
22 12 212 
4J 22162 

13 2.1 111 
42 42 16 

18 22 212 
92 12 2*2 
74 22 111 
12 2214.1 
52 54 15 
172 12 172 
44 12 222 
72 74 21.1 
22 02 232 
12 32 M2 
27 5.1 212 

114 42 T34 
as 15 152 
to 4.0122 
82 11 172 

m® 44 112 
72 12 2X7 

42 12114 

321 52 124 


88*i MU Abacs 
M G8 AIM Lon 
33 70 Ape* 

183 15S Adngui Sect 
355 216 Mda 
133 85 Balgrauo 
302 218 B*on (P) 

496 367 Bradford 
im 144 Br Land 

170 138 Bruon 

46 38 Card (A) ASora 
235 21B Cap & Couiriua 
2m 200 Canxii prop 
im IBS CantroufeKbl 
485 410 OwnadbU 
10 780 CAL A 

171 131 Cbrfce Ndab 
288 18* Cannam 

20 14 Oortrol Sacs 
140 99 Country 1 Near 

im 117 cauur ir 

10 B Daraa IS 

175 135 E*MB8 1 Agancy 135 

120 47 Eganon Truo 74 

1SJ «J5 Sum Gan 118 

IM 1*0 Essam Prop 1J8 

112 83 Evans Of UM 103 

TO 38 Fwb Olka 96 

03D 04 632 

24 2£ 1t5 
29 15 172 

42 12 418 

14 4.9 14.1 

171 52 142 

122 2.9 112 

U 17 116 

15 54 114 

75 32 21 B 

25 10 .. 

80 5.0 474 

17.1 18 185 

28* 26 112 
92t 60 227 
6.0 21 275 
.. -.27 

27 24 252 
58 12 62 

16 14 517 
205 It 126 

. . a .. .. 


Or Portend 
Haibaod Op 



2m 178 AftfbTVW 

82 27 Grampian 

I25S kE. 

350 108 Scot TV 
273 149 TVS I VI 
48 31 T9W 
245 223 Thamm TV 
175 1SBV 1V-AM 
1X7 im U anarTV 
IBS 139 YWwnra TV 

,, 182 5.1 142 

25 17 12 
-2 114 11 102 

. . 212 55 157 

.. 155 42 M2 

.. 142 II 112 

22 17 128 

-1 a* 32 

11 &5 1IL7 

19 94 11 


158 83 RtmdbHoMl M3 

*33 328 Onodtw 40B • 

288 208 Kannody Brooke* 223 

301 X12 Ladbn** 3S8 • 

585 447 Lon Patk Hob* 530 

100 78*9 Itouns Char***, 87 • 

105 67 Prince Of W KaMb 87 

79 58*> Omsm Moat 75 • 

*05 358 Savoy Hccab 'A' 358 

81 66 Scabs 84 

209 M9 IhsthocBM Raw 150 • 



1.D 07 BOB 
115 18 117 
24 1.1 115 
182 4J175 
142 27 18.1 
21 24 142 

21 24 157 
27 32114 
10 14 14.1 

12 29152 
72 52 142 

































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LET buys a higher profile 

■ s . i „ 

By Judith Huntley Kellock will be a separately- 

. » -j. . - quoted vehicle in which even- 

London & Edinburgh Trust, dually ail LET’S financial 
the highly-rated property , services interests will be con- 
company,.. is entering, a new . jained. leaving the company 
phase in its development. Its with a dear exposure to the 
decision tio take a substantral commercial property market 
minority stake in Kellock. the 

factoring company: ran. by. Mr - Not only should the separa- 
Nick Oppenheim, is part oF its -lion of LET’S financial ser- 
a vowed intent of increasing its vices boost profits from that 
exposure to the financial ser- sector in the long term but it 
vices sector. • . ■ will be extremely useful in 

maintaining a dear stock mar- 
ket rating for LET. And it will 
lake the overheads of the 
financial services operations 
off LETS balance sheet 

LET is to keep its share- 
holding in Kellock to between 
4S-perceni and 49.9 per cenL 
Burlington, the insurance 
broking and personal financial 
services company, now part of 
LET, will be 75 per cent 

Laing &Cruickshank 
Holdings Ltd 

An international securities house 
purpose built for the mid 80 s 
and beyond . . . 

for further information please contact Anthony C/ontfi 

MiiwiH, viMniumg 

MmiWii- / bur ( inup 

M ■<•>«*•. 1M'. 

owned by Kellock once the 
agreed offer goes through, 
expanding Kellock’s activities 
in the process, Kellock will 
receive an injection of £7 
million. • 

Mr John Beckwith, die 
chairman of LET. will become 
chairman of KellacL He stud ■ 
yesterday; “I like putting busi- 
nesses in little boxes. We need 
to import the best people into . 
our financial services and let 
them run their own show. It is 
easier to do this if they are 
separate from LET” 

A new chief executive for 
Kellock has been appointed 
but his name is being kept 
quiet until the circular to 
shareholders goes out in about 
three weeks. 

Burlington has. made a 
name for itself in selling 
insurance to building con- 
tractors. Other spin-offs from 
LET'S property development 
activities are seen as poten- 
tially profitable ventures; As- 
set financing, tax shelters and 
fund-raising are all services 
which LET feds h can sell to 
its joint-venture partners. But 
as Mr Beckwith points out. it 
will be easier to do ' this 
through Kellock than if they 
were still part of LET. 

Kellock may buy a stake in 
an investment agency as' pan 
of its expansion 

‘ The move to create a sepa- 
rate financial services com- 
pany Coincides with another 
separation from LET. London 
& Metropolitan, the joint - 
development company .owned 
by LET and Balfour Beatty, is 
expected to make its stock 
market debut in November in 
a £50 million flotation. 

This week L & M an- 
nounced the appointment of 
Mr Norman Ireland, the fi- 
nance director of BTR, as its 
new non-exfecutive chairman 
in the run-up to going- public. 

LET will reduce its share- 
holding to- 20 per cent, as will 
Balfour Beatty, once the com- 
pany comes to the market 

Brown &R<Mt UK has assigned tire tease on 43,750 sq ft of offices at St Gorges (htt, deve- 
loped by Commercial Union in Wimbledon, to the MS Group at an animal rent of £5i8,ow 

Newspapers go south 

• The Doily Telegraph and 
Sunday Telegraph are nego- 
tiating to take 1 10,000 sq 

ft of space in the Marcopoto 
building en the' sooth side 
of London's Chelsea Bridge 
developed by FbxyanL 
The Observer has already 
agreed to take 63300 sq ft 
in the development bat has yet 
to sign on the dotted line. 

Flaxyaid is not revealing 
the rents bring negotiated for 
the development bat The * 
Observer mil be paying a rent 
allied to the arnoont of 
additional technology the 
developer & haring to pro- 
vide for the oewpspaper. 

• Beacootree Estates, the 
joint company of Clarke, 
NickoOs & Coombs' and J 
M Jones &Sons Holdings, 
has began its £40 million 
mixed development in Head- 
ing, Berkshire. Beacootree, 
with Higgs and HOI Develop- 
ments, is balding 125,000 
sq ft of office and production 
space oo a five-acre site at 
Manor Farm Road. Higgs and 
Hill is fin an ring the 


terim dividend 5,0 (4J2p). 
Group turnover for 26 weeks to. 
June 28 (figures in £000) 41,341 
(42.412). Group pretax profit 
before extraordinary items 
4.283 (2.670). Earnings per 
share 24. Ip (13 Jp). 

• G ABICCL Final dividend 2p 
making 3p. Year to June 19 
(figures in £000). Turnover 
9.686 (6.108). gross profit 3.1 16 
(1,893). pretax profit 851 (736), 
tax 361 (324). Earnings per share 


There are many specialist investment funds 
in the UK. But few have performed as consis- 
tently well as The Fleming Enterprise Investment 

This year alone the assets of Fleming Enter- 
prise rose by an impressive 35%. 

The portfolio consists of UK companies 
and divides into three main categories. Exciting 
smaller unquoted companies, the more enterpris- 
ing quoted companies and companies which are 
"special situations". 

The latter are currently either trading in an 
unfashionable area, recovering from a lean period, 
are under new management or are candidates for 
a takeover 

it's an area that many investors shy away 
from. But then our resourceful management 
team have built up an enviable reputation for 
selecting the most enterprising companies where 
the rewards are high. 

Shares in Fleming Enterprise are currently 
trading at a substantial discount to their net 
asset value. 

Thanks to Flemings' Dividend Reinvestment 
and Savings Scheme investmentcan also be made 
by regular savings from as little as £25 a month or 
with lump sums of £250 or more. 

If you would like to find out more, simply 
return the coupon opposite. 





>— went reru n* . 


Year to 30th J u ne 1984 




85 '86 

Net assets 

£15 6m 

£31 9m 

£43 \m 

‘35 l*o 

Share price 

203 p 

25 Sp 


Current breakdown of portfolio 

Quctec •lonr'p.inies- 
ijnquovec companies- I3*c 

I PHare wnd rata copy of The Investment | ... 

'^Anw«allteWl98603adAir*cowoftfteOT»idHHj . ■■ 

I .Iteowetman^Sw&^SdwiwbrochtirBp phase belt) J % 
I fawjpibabirt B eia l w tS e n ilonl.lmtfBtf.j&CoptteftAnew*- - * h 
, ; IflHdwEdRSBfc : ‘ i* 


it- ■ : ■ ■ ; v . . ■ » 

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A ... J - 



over for the first half of 1986 
£3.47 million (£22 million). 
Pretax profit £119,000 
(£88.000). Earnings per share 

I. 26p (0.84p). Assuming a 
reasonable level of repeat orde n 
in the weeks up to Christmas, 
the board is confident of a 
satisfactory increase in sales and 
profits for the full year. 

dend 3p (Up). Turnover for 
year to June 30 (figures in £000) 

II. 017 (7,872), pretax profit 

2,301 (1,407) and tax 683 (554). 
Net asset value 119.lp (86-9p) 
anH earnings per share I3.8p 
(8-5P). . 

• .W CANNING: Interim divi- 
dend l-20p (I.I5p). Sales for six 
months to June 28 (figures in 
£000) 35.456 (31,905), pretax 
profit 1 320 (I 125). tax 480 
(472). Earnings per share 4.7p 
(3.6p). Profit before tax is after 
redundancy costs of £85.000 in 
period to June 28 (£91,000). 

The company has agreed to seU 
six million shares (40 per cent) 
of its subsidiary. Malayan Mo- 
tor and General Underwriters 
(Private) to' NV Amev in the 

• SALE TILNEY: . Interim 

dividend 3p (2_5p). Turnover 
for current first half (figs £000) 
38,028 (33,093). Eanungs per 
share 6.7p (6.0p). , 

company has sold Fox Umbrella 
Frames to a private company. 
Team pace, for £38 1 ,000. includ- 
ing the repayment of Fox’s bank 
overdraft and intra-group loans. 

talks with Phoenix Assurance, 
the trustees for the holders of the 

3 J per cent debenture stock, the 

4 per cent debenture stock and 
the 5.5 per cent debenture stock, 

1 983-88, the trust reports that 
tbe 5.5 per cent will be redeemed 
at par. on or before May 1. 1987 
and the 3.5 and tbe 4 per cent 
stocks at £105 per £100 on or 
before July 14.2004. 


INGS: Turnover for the six 
months to June 30 £15.78 
million (£13.65 million). Pretax 
profit £767.000 (£592.000). 

Earnings per share 522 1 p 

group has sold three commercial 
properties in the Flint. Michi- 
gan. US. area for $33 million 
(£2.28 million), producing a 
gain of $500,000 over book 

BV: The company is to make a 
Eurodollar issue of $96 million 
(£66.45 million). The notes will 
be guaranteed by investors in 
industry Group, which is 15 per 
cent owned by the Bank of 
England with the balance held 
by the five British clearing 
banks. A London Stock Ex- 
change quotation will be sought 

DISTILLERS: First half of 
1986. Interim dividend Up 
(same), payable on Gel. 3). 
Sales £15.81 million (£12.79 
million). Pretax profit £111 
million (£2.01 million). Earn- 
ings per share 5.97p (5.94p). 




ABN. 10.00% 

Adam & Company 1000% 

BCQ 1080% 

Citibank Sawnsf 10.75% 

Consolidated fids 1080% 

Continental Trust 1080% 

Co-operative Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & SbartdtaL..- 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank — 10.00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland — 10.00% 

TSB 10.00% 

Citibank NA 10,00% 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 

• Wates City of London 
Properties and Wimpey Prop- 
erty Holdings have un- 
rolled details of their £25 
midion-plos development 
bridging London Wall in the 
Square MSe. 

The companies say the 
300,000 sq ft scheme on a 
frmr-gcre site will have an 
investment value of £150 mil- 
lion, once let 

• Scottish Amicable Life 

Assurance has bongbt 30 
acres of the BrooUands 
development in Wey bridge, 
Surrey, from Trafalgar 
Brookmoant for £16.75 


The Investment has 
530,000 sq ft of income- 
prodocjng industrial space. 
Scottish Amicable also has i 
development option on a 
Anther 15 acres at 

£10m deal 
for Lloyds 
Bristol HQ 

Lloyds Bank is poised to 
nay £10 million for two dis- 
ced bonded tobacco ware- 
houses in the bean of Bristol* 
dockland. Uoyds aims to 
convert them into an admin- 
istrative headquarters. 

Bristol City Council which 
had planned for thesue to be 
converted into a £50 million 
hotel and sports cornpte*- is 
prepared to change its policy 

so lhai Lloyds can 80 ahead® 

it promises to create 700jo&& 
The warehouses are owned 
by the Imperial Group, which 
has been taken over by Han- 
Sn Trust for £1* Whon. 
Lord Hanson has already sold 
Off Courage Brewery for £1.4 

bl Adeal with Lloyds will take 
him more than half way B 
recouping tbe total invest- 
ment, leaving him with other 
Imperial assets such as cigar 

^Bristol is rapidly becoming 
a major commercial centre — 
and Lloyds looked at 70 sites 
before selecting the city, which 
has key motorway and rail 

^National Westminster has 
already established its tax- 
ation and share- transfer head- 
quarters in the city. 

Large sums available 

— £ ; — 

for carefully considered, 


fully researched, 

cogently presented 


and well documented 

bright ideas, 

If you’re really serious about venture capital, 
then you’ll find we are too. 

For the right kind of company, of course. 

A company that knows where it’s going. 

A .company that has identified real market 
potential for its products or services. 

And with an experienced management team 
already planning future growth. 

If you need the funds to unleash that growth, 
then talk to us. 

We are the Cardiff Consortium. A unique 
syndicate, comprising seven major British venture capital 
funds. Each one contributes its own particular manage- 
ment skills. But all have a proven track record of helping 
businesses to grow. 

Based in Cardiff- though by no means tied to 
it- we offer a single source of finance for projects requiring 
around £500,000 or up to several millions. 

You’ll find our way of doing business is swift, 
decisive, and realistic. 

But then you’ll be used to that. It’s probably 
the way you operate too. 

Please send me more details of the Cardiff Consortium. 

To: Norman Myerscough,The Cardiff Consortium, 
Pearl House, Greyfriars Road, Cardiff CF1 3XX 
Telephone: 0222-378531. 

TT 25/9 



Business Tel No. 






- v/y/' 

s O R 


T I U M 


■ E\U 

«TrsH. -USE J whfi VI nTUri Fum. Cticw venture capitu. fund - ~ „ 



Y SEPTEMBER 25 1986 


■ < , •* ^ * * . * ‘ t - 




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:r-..vx ,■> 

x ■ " ;<> r. '*»•-£*<: 

-• vv ; 'iv. ->■ : V ' • -v \<o*\>:*x ; 

There are three tax-free investments you 
don’t even have to declare on your tax form. 

They are exempt from UK Income Tax at 
all levels, and Capital Gains Tax. 

Moreover all three of these tax-free in- 
vestments have the added benefit of interest 
ratpg that are guaranteed over a full five years, 
whatever happens to other rates. 

So it’s worth asking yourself whether 
your current investment portfolio is as tax- 
efficient as you would like it to be. 

Do your investments, for example, in- 
clude the current 31st Issue of National 
Savings Certificates? These give you a tax- 
free return of 7-85% pa, guaranteed over a 
full five years. 

The maximum holding has just been 
doubled to £10,000. You may invest up to 
this amount in addition to previous issues 
of Certificates you have already. 

At the same time you can hold tax-free 
Index-linked Certificates. The new4th Issue 
gives you Extra Interest of 4% pa guaranteed 
over a full five years, on top of inflation- 

The maximum holding is £5,000. 

In addition you can subscribe up to £200 
a month to Yearly Plan, which yields fixed 
and tax-free returns at rates notified to you 
annually. The guaranteed rate currently on 
offer is 8T9% pa over five years. 

Monthly payments are simple to make 

by standing order and you can stop when it 
suits you. 

And remember; everyone in your family 
has a separate entitlement to their own 
holding of tax-free National Savings 

Application forms and leaflets giving 
interest rate details for all three products are 
available at post offices. 

The two current Issues of Savings 
Certificates can also be bought through 
your bank. 

Or if you prefer you can fill in the 
coupon or telephone free on 0800 100 100 
(24-hour service) and we will send you a 
comprehensive information pack on tax- 
free National Savings investments, in- 
cluding a copy of our book ‘Investing in 
National Savings? 

Its worth doing now, because the 
longer you delay, the longer you could be 
paying more tax than you need. 

lb National Savings, FREEPOST 4335, 
Bristol BS13YX. 









rj t 




September 25, 1986 

E very one of us lives in a 
local community, 
whether pan of a sprawl- 
ing conurbation, great 
dty. industrial centre, 
market town or village. And every 
jommumiy is unique. Few are 
without problems and challenges. 

The inner cities with their 
heritage of industrial and 
commercial decline and con- 
sequent unemployment, poverty, 
poor infrastructure, racial tension 
and so on, present enormous 
problems with few obvious 

At another extreme are isolated 
rural communities with ageing 
populations — the young having 
felt to make their mark elsewhere 
— with few facilities, sporadic 
services and poor transport 
No community escapes the 
impact of demographic change, of 
major changes in the countty's 
economic base and of changing 
social and cultural values. These 
help form the environment within 
which local government works. 

The range of communities 
points up one of the local 
government's principal 
characteristics. Diversity* of place 
is reflected in diversity of 
organization, approach and style. 
In all communities, however, local 
government takes place within a 
political framework. 

In the UK we have local 
representative democracy. We 
elect councillors who are respon- 
sible for the way our local authori- 
ties work, for setting priorities and 
determining policy. However var- 
ied their environment, the man- 
agers and service providers do 
their job within this framework. 
Healthy communities depend 

on the active co-operation of their 
local government with central 
government agencies, other public 
sector organizations, industry and 
commerce and voluntary 
organizations. The seamless web 
which draws them together re- 
flects the complexity and inter- 
dependence of contemporary 
society. The local authority stands 
at ihe centre of the community's 
governance. It is not always the 
most popular of institutions. 

Treated with suspicion, often 
regarded as bureaucratic, un- 
responsive and conservative, and 
deemed to have narrow horizons, 
local government has taken a 
battering in recent years. But such 
attitudes are far removed from the 
performance of many local coun- 
cils over a century and more. 

Up and down die country there 
are examples of town and county 
halls where local people have used 
their power and influence over the 
years to build and strengthen their 
communities with great 

That is history. Today local 
government laces as great a chal- 
lenge as at any time and. at a lime 
of declining financial resources, 
there is a new determination to 
meet the demands of a changing 4 
society by drawing on all the 
resources at the community's 

In no small way, this is due to 
the people who work in it. their 
perception of the job they are 
doing and their style. 

Local government is about 
governing local communities. 
This involves managing and 
providing major services and 
acting as a kind of broker in the 
development of the community. 

Local government, 
often under fire, is 
now fighting bade, 
says Michael Clarke 

Town hall officials are caricatured 
as dull, petty-minded bureaucrats 
more interested in obstruction 
than creativity, in organizational 
self-interest than partnership, and 
who measure sucess by quiet 
survival to the pension. . . 

The reality is quite different. 
There is no shortage of lively and 
imaginative managers. They and 

their staff have, by and large, long 
since recognized that the local 

since recognized that the local 
authority can be successful only if 
it seeks to lap all the resources the 
community has to offer. 

There has been recent debate 
about whether or not there is a 
new breed of manager in the 
private sector. There is no doubt 
that a management revolution is 
occurring in local government A 
recent study carried out by the 

Local Government Training 
Board in conjunction with the 
Audit Commission reveals exam- 
ples of innovative and imagi- 
native management practice of a 
high order. 

The best in local government 
management practice will stand 
comparison with the best in 
management anywhere. Taking 
place within a framework which is 
political, and concerned with the 
delivery of a wide range of services 
to the population, at large, this is 
no mean feat. 

The jobs of management and 
leadership are extremely complex. 
Special challenges arise from the 
political context, as well as from 
community pressures and from 
the fact that the local authority is 
directly confronting major social 
and economic problems. - 

One piece of evidence of the 
management revolution is the 
importance now being attached to 
management development. 
Though there are opportunities for 
direct entry into managerial po- 
sitions, local government mostly 
recruits the people who run its 
services from the professionals it 
already employs. 

This has strengths and weak- 
nesses. It produces people who are 
attuned to the business and ethos 
of their service but it runs the 
danger oflimited horizons and of 
excluding other managerial tal- 
ent* It puts an enormous pre- 
mium on identifying managerial 
potential and developing it. 

Every authority is its own 
employer and thus has a prime 
responsibility for actively 
nuturing and developing skills, 
talent and potential From the 
Local Government Training 

6 It is exciting 
to watch the 
: councillors, 
managers and 
staff working 
to achieve 
their ends * 

Board (local government's own 
voluntary training agency for 20 
years) we endeavour to lead and 


In doing this we have not 
attempted to impose or recom- 
mend single or simple methods of 
management development We 
have used tire diversity of local 
government to encourage experi- 
ment and variety and to learn 
from success and failure. 

Through the variety, however, 
we have urged one single message 
— die importance of relating the 
development of people as ^man- 
agers to the job being done. Also, 
to the major issues — political 
social, economies organizational — 
confronting managers. 

Among - tire tactics, of training 
and development we have en- 
couraged is the importance of 
learning from others. Local gov- 
ernment management may be 
different — i t certainly has its own 

characteristics and problems — 
but it is not that different. There 
are many examples of contacts 
being used to share experience and 
insight and to draw on them. 

. .Among these are the uk of 
4 business schools and other educa- 
tion or training institutions which 
set out to bring a range ot 
managers together, exchange 
training programmes: use o 
secondments or job exchanges 
between individual authorities 
and other organizations in the 
public, private and voluntary 
sectors. They also encourage the 
development of partnerships and 
co-operative working arrange- 
ments as a means of developing 
people through new and broader 
experience. , . 

Against this background, it is 
not surprising that local govern- 
ment has tapped -into rae 
“excellence” debate. Though far 
removed from its world, the 
American business bestseller In 
Search qf Excellence provides as 
-much stim ulus and challenge for 
us as anyone. Hie holistic view of 
management, tire key role and 
nature of leadership, the im- 
portance of culture and the flex- 
ible organization, closeness to the 
customer: these are all themes for 
local government to take 

■ he last is one which the 

■ * training board is urging 

■ local authorities to take 

■ special note o£ Constant 
criticism of too ' much 

bureaucracy and of unresponsive- 
' ness must have some substance. 
.As local government adjusts to 
reduced spending and to increased 
demands for value for money, it 
has to turn its attention to just 
what is value. 

It is not simply economy or 
even efficiency. Effectiveness and 
tire “human factor” have their 

nlace ff these are to be soured, 
then the customer must be put 
fiS whether it be the MW* 

lie citizen or.the recipient of a 

<rf local gov- 
ernment is service for l bc PuWjC. 
To fulfil this us oraamzatrow 
must be accessible, ffexible and 

^wTexciting to watch elected 
members, managers and staff 
searching for ways of aehievmB 
these qualities. In doing so, ^tra- 
ditional conceptions and way# ot 
doing things arc otei tm»al 
upside down. Many diffcrcnt jocal 
Sons are being *•*!« 
authorities seek to serve thw 
communities better, often m 

. . -.L ..Lu nniMimM 

communities o«wr* — 

partnership with other agencies. 
Given the range of local govent- 
. ns s Dedal 

U! veil UK? '"“8“ v ‘ . — • , 

ment services, and its s Pj*“ 

relationships with 
community, the possibilities are 

endless. Local government em- 
. .. Aw nmlC vsnftv Ol 

enuicaa- tjv— . . 

ploys an enormous vanity , of 
people in all sorts of different 

professions and occupations. 1 

Despite the criticism neapea 
upon it. it is an exc iting and 
rewarding place to work. 

As councils seek to lead tire 
government of their communities 
they are directly confronting ma- 
jor sodal economic and political 
changes and shaping the nation s 
response. , ... 

There is a tremendous challenge 
here which is also a challenge to 
local government's partners in the 
public, private and voluntary 
sectors to join in. 

Michael Clarke is director of the [ 
Local Government Training ; 

Appointments Phones 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phones 01-481 4481 


A Mgh level of autonomy provides the scope to develop this profitable and growing business 






For this appointment we seek candidates, aged 35-50, with a minimum of 5 yeas’ at general management level in the control of a market 
orientated cormnerdai or banking operation. This experience will have been gained in substantial organisations noted for their recent new 
business development record, systems and controls. An understanding of share registration, associated activities and the potential 
opportunities in this field win be a considerable asset. The successful candidate wftt be responsible to die Chairman for all aspects of the 
management of a large, professional team providing a computerised quality and competitive service to a growing corporat e client base. 
Essential qualities are leadership and client liaison skills, commercial flair and the ability to spearhead a strategy aimed at increased 
penetration and diversification in this market place. Initial attractive salary negotiable plus performance-related bonus, car; subsidised 
mortgage facility, non-contributory pension, life assurance, family BUPA and assistance with relocation, if necessary. Applications In strict 
confidence under reference MDSR 4439/TT to the Managing Director. 

A front Ime position combining market-place research with financial analysisftnodeUing, 
offering excellent promotion prospects 




£1 6,000-£20,000 + BONUS 


On behalf or our clients, the largest British international merchant bank, we invite applications for this ap po i n t m ent within the expanding 
international capital markets group from candidates, aged 25-28, with a mathematically-based degree or MBA, plus at least one year's 
experience m international or commercial banking. The successful candidate, reporting to the Manager - New Product Development, will 
provide analytical support on a wide range ot projects, using financial modelling and spread sheet analysis, covering existing products and 
the development ot new financial instruments. This will require dose liaison with deaters/traders and wifi indude an element of market 
research. Quick creative reflexes, excellent communication skills, sound analytical and commercial judgement are all essential qualities. 
Initial salary negotiable E16.000-E2Q.000 + bonus + mortgage subsidy, non-contributoty pension, free Gfe assurance, free family medical 
cover. Applications m strict confidence, under reference NPD444QnT, to the Managing Director 

Government departments manage a wide 
variety of complex sensitive and public tasks. 
Demands and expectations grow, while the 
resources to meet them are squeezed. Feat 
Marwick consultants are in the business of 
helping government departments to provide the 
best possible service. We do this mmariy ways • 
and many places, both in the UK and overseas. 
We help with policy planning, strategy and 
evaluation, financial management, operations, * 
information technology, marker appraisals; and 
our services cover all the major resources, used by 
governments — people, money, property, 
systems, organisation. 

We are looking for outstanding men and 
women who can demonstrate: 

— a track record of success and practical 

achievement, • • 

— first class intellectual, analyocaland 
communicative skills, 

— the personality and determination to make 
things happen, 

— the sensitivity to create revolution through 

— relevant professional or technical skills or 

. meperiencein managing people or projects, 

— a good and cunent understanding of theUK. 
public sector. 

— In return we offer you challenge, opportunity 
and everyone’s problems. You can expect 
constant pressure and deadlines, and you will get 
satisfaction from doing original things well and 
from convincing other people that your analyses 
and solutions are right and will work. Usually 
you will get the chance to implement them and 
to prove that they work too! • 

If you would like to hear more about 
us, please write in the first instance to 
Barrie Collins, and tell him what makes you 
stand out from the crowd. 

3S gW mtUM! STRgT,U»HI0»£C2«1«.ra£PtflHg: PI -588358801 01 -588 3S76.TREX: 887374 FM: 01 -638 821 B. 

oKttsimms ffiounoG assstmce on iramm, please tbmhe in -6287539. 




Feat Marwick Management Consultants, 

I Piiddle Dock, Blackfriars, London EC4V 3PD. 

y*C The Royal Bank 
7l^ of Scotland 


Relations Manager 

c £18,000 

One of Britain’s leading Gearing Banks is seeking to recruit 
an experienced Industrial Relations Manager to enable 
the present job holder to move to another Personnel 
Management role. 

The job holder will be based in London, reporting to the 
Head of Industrial Relations in Edinburgh, and will be 
primarily responsible for I/ft matters affecting the 8/9000 
staff in England and Wales, as well assharing in Bank-wide 
negotiations with the Banking, Insurance & Finance Union. 
Applicants should have several years experience in 
Ftersonnel Management possibly in tite finance sector, 
with a good knowledge of Employment Law They should 
be qualified members of toe IPM. 

In addition to an attractive salary there are substantial 
other benefits, including subsidised mortgage facilities, 
profit sharing, BUFft and a contributory Car Scheme. 
Interested applicants should send a full CV to:- 

Peter Richards, Senior Personnel Manager; 

The Royal Bank of Scotland pic, 

PO Box 348, 42 Islington High Street, London N1 8XL 


Compuvac Personnel Services are o 
highly respected and long established 
Computer RecruiinMxit Consultancy- 

Due to our continued growth and 
success we are seeking two exc e ptional 
individuals to join us. 

The successful candidates vriU probably 
be of Graduate standard, have q true 
desire to succeed and a genuine interest in 
the computer industry. Personal qualities 
are more important than experience. They 
wffl find high standards of achievement; a 
demanefing but informal envtromnenf and a 
rewo rdi ng career. 

For further details phone Marlin Bony 
on 01 -253 5042 or send a GV. for his 

at te n t i on. 



A group of Cute companies (Jbe tint established in 
1966), engaged iri the marteoug of mushrooms and 
other finnts and* vegetables, require as AJ.CS- 
qualified person. Annual turnover .exceeds £4 
million and there arc some 24 employees. The 
businesses are very computer orientated. • . 



This is a new appointment following considerable 
expansion over -the last few years. The main 
responsibilities will indude compliance with 
statutory and other legal requirements, property 
dealings, insurances and pensions, personad, 
invest merits. security and also general admin- 
istration. Additional responsibilities win be to 
produce, in colaboiaiion with the companies 
accountant, regular management accounts. 

The job would suit an ap propria tely experienced 
person aged about 35 years wbo would be directly 
responsible to the chairman and would assist in 
developing future business interests. 

Salary for discussion around £17,500 and benefits 
include pension and fife insurance scheme. P-P.P. 
raedical cover and permanent health insurance. 
Please apply to the chairman, Greenbtil 
Mushrooms Ltd, DI23, New Coreat Gaidai 

Market, Loudon SW8 giving fkU debdh of jw 
Camcahna Vitae. 

As the acknowledged market 
leaders In etecto-mechamcal 
actuation and associated electronic. . 
systems, we intend to m ai ntain our 
te ch nt& x p ra Meadershipandsustan 
our outstandtog growth into the 

Our current Sales & Marketing 
Manager is taking up a new 
appointment aid we seek a 
replacement who (rest be dynamic 
and enthusiastic. Reporting directly to 
the General Manager the successful 
appteart wIJ join the Business 
Executive Team in managing this 
£15M. business to achieve its 
strategic objectives on the next 
generation of international Aerospace 

Why not gne Phil Simmons a ring m 

Lucas Aerospace Ltd 

The job wfll rover sales, contracts. 
PuMhaty and all other commercial 

We are looking for a person with 
an Engineering Degree and 
considerable experience in the 
Aerospace market. 

In return, we offer an attractive 
salaiy and a company car, together 
with the facilities, conditions and 
benefits of a large multi-national 
company. A good relocation package 
is avai lable. Housing is reasonably 
Priced in this area which is situated 
dose to the Yorkshire Dales National 
Part and served by first class 
Pwwnwy. rail aid air networks. 

Bradford (0274) 665045. 

247 Sticker Lane 

Bradford, West Yorkshire BD4 8RQ 






Career Crisis? 

You may be n the wrong job, have unfulfilled ambitions or have been made redundant 

Our individually tailored, guaranteed programme for senior executives will ensure that 
you attain vour career objectives quickly. To arrange a free, confidential discussion 

you attain vour career objectives quickly. To arrange a free, confidential discussion 
telephone Ol-fiSWiiO 

£«ecuttuc Heitor 

37 Queen Anne StreejL. London W1M9FR 

Dimes * ill include preparaiuHH Tor and (bikm op 10 theComam- 
iiooc month]}- meet i ng s , fi uncial control and records 

Terms and randibms of wpainlmcvi aaabgws to those a! as 
Executive Officer m the Cm! Service. Aupmats should have at 
feast t»o ’V fetel passes and be under 46 vem old. Registered 
disabled people ma> apply 

Satan £S.QJ<i - £(0j<l" {inducting London Weighting). 

Write or phone fir Timber dcuib and an application form: The 
R.nol Fim- Cmtmisvoa. ? St Jaon' Ut ilise . London SW|> 
4JL’ lOI-SS* fo.17). 

The Cnmnrevwm is an i-ipul opponimnin c m plover. 

Closing date 10th October. I486. 

Political consultancy needs young gradu- 
ates for executive posts. Responsibilities 
include work on diem accounts, 
maintaning data base and monitoring Par- 
liamentary- and Government activity. 
Some experience <eg. as MPs reasearcb as- 
sistant) desirable. Salary about £8.000. 
Good prospects for. earner development. 

Apply, with .CV,. to BOX J83- 



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feLPulFUeroi 01-434 05H 

Anno Hose, 77Q*niSraelMR MB. 

Needs young ambitious trainee with outgoing 
personality and motivation for the dynamic, expand- 
ing Accountancy /Financial consultancy. Fuff training 
given if required with excellent career prospects. 

Contact David Brett on 01-629 3555 

Within the financial services industry. In depth sophis- 
ticated training. Guaranteed basic OTE E24K+. Age 

23 - 35. 

Telephone Personnel Afanager on 
01-489 9070 
or send C.V. to 

Berswn la Roche'Group pic 
263 Regent Street London W1 

r esponsiWe!wStarS^S^ l te^^^^l ,a Se^etary to be 
w_p. servic e for a group at academicraSSSfi® and 

V? °’-3T0-S770 for an 


f;; * l HU 

Si t 

< : \ \ « t \ r 

-V; i-i- • •" ■- - 
•:» /> ;? *-' v - ,. •• 

Chartered Secretary 

Up to £1 3,000 + Car 

We are looking for a Chartered Secretary 1o join a team 
providing a legal and secretarial seivice lathe Group's UK and 
overseas subsidiaries. 

Based at the Group's rrrtemational headquarters at Peterborough 
and reporting to the Group Secretary, you will have specific 
rasponsibilfties for the provision of legal and secretarial services to a 
number of subsidiary companies in the financial services sector of 
Group operations, with particular emphasis on travellers cheque and 
foreign money activities. A number of the companies are based 
outside the UK and part of the secretarial functions will involve 
attendance at board meetings in Europe and the Middle East. The 
paction obo encompas s es the provision of legal services to the main 
UK travel company 

Ideally you wiH be a Chartered Secretary with some post 
qualification experience. A comprehensive knowledge of banking 
law and practice and a European language is desirable. 

Benefits include contributory pension scheme, profit share scheme, 
personal loan facilities, hofctay concessions and relocation assistance 
if necessary. 

Please apply in writing, enclosing a fvH c.% and quoting 
present salary, to the Personnel Manage^ . 

Group Certfral Services, Thomas Cook Group Limited, 
POBon36, Thorpe W ood, Pete r borough PE3 6SB- 

The Thomas Cook Group Limited — a member of the Midland 
Bank Group and an equal opportunity employee 


Are you a qualified accountant? 

Are you an experienced manager? 

Are you a good communicator? 

Are you an innovator? 

Are you our next Finance Director? 

We are Shepherds Bush Housing Association Limited, a major charitable 
housing organisation, developing and managing homes in West London. 
With assets of over £50 millions, an annual turnover of £3 millions and a 
diverse and growing range of activities, we can provide a stimulating and 
rewarding environment in which to use your skills and experience and to 
enhance your career. 

Our Finance Director heads a Division responsible for accounting and 
financial control, personnel management and administration. As an essential 
part of the Management Team, the Finance Director has the opportunity for a 
wide involvement in the policy planning and general management of SBHA. 

Salary: £21,000 p.a. upwards plus non-contributory pension and other 

If you would like further details contact: 

HACA5 Recruitment 
2 Hertslet Road 
London N7 6PL 

who are advising the Association on this appointment. 

For informal discussion contact Jeff Zitron of HA CAS Recruitment on 01-409 9491 
Closing date for applications: Monday, 13th October 1986 

SBHA is implementing an Equal Opportunities Policy. 

Shepherds Bush Housing Association Ltd 

i nc- 1 I hu KSDAY SiiP a z J 1 yoo 3i 


1 I 














If your commitment to 

IT development 
matches ours, 
let’s meet at the 

Waldorf Hotel, Aldwych, London, 

29th September 

Wfe will be bringing a team of systems and communications 
experts to die Waldorf. They are pioneering one of the City’s most 
ambitious investment banking developments. Experts who wiH 
teS you about the Bank's multi-million pound commitment to 
b uildin g the most sophisticated, structured environment. They’ll 
also tell you about the Bank’s determination to become one of the 
top 5 UK investment banks in Europe and a significant foreign 
competitor in the USA, Japan and Far East. The technology 
group axe playing a key role in achieving this objective. 

If you share our commitment to genuine cutting-edge 
development, then we really would like to meet you. And that 
invitation is extended to all seriously ambitious IT professionals, 
at all levels — from young Programmers right up to seasoned 
Project Leaders earning in excess of £30,000. 

Wt can't think of any other technology development in the 
City that can match us for size, scope, capital investment, training 
potential, career prospects and total management commitment. 

Meet our team between 12 noon and 8 p.m. at the Waldorf Hotel 
to learn more about our future plans. However if you can’t make 
it, phone our Consultant, Louise Wbod, on 01*831 0111 during 
office hours or over the weekend on 01-244 9049 for an informal 
discussion. Alternatively send your CV quoting ref: 34 1ST 

Columbia House, 69 Aldwych, Ij^jl MflNflGfHfHT 


NatWkst Investment Bank 

I— 1 N 3 W 30 VNVW 1 N 3 W 1 S 3 ANI ■ SX 1 I 0 ■ S 3 llinD 3 1 VNOLLVNH 3 i.Nl S MR ■ SdVMS • S 13 XUVIAI IVLJdVO — 1 

j tROSPtfl. 

. ii«! hr* 

-- • - 'A 

- LT -4 

c prf 


Business Systems Analysts 

c.£ 20,000 + Car 

Make the development of our new systems 
your next achievement. 

Pizza Hut (UK), a joint venture company formed by Implementation 

FtepsrCo and Whitbread, is tbe fastest growing restaurant £ 

relevamter dware^ d softwareprodocts and ensure new 



Attractive Package— £40,000+ City 

T5B Ertdand & Uktes pic has gained a command- required to driv e forw ard the development and 
ing position in retail banking, particulariy within practical implementation of new products 

the personal sector market. This record of success The ideal candidate will be aged 37- 15 years, have 
in a highly competitive and dynamic market ’ considerable knowledge of and experience In i he 
environment has been achieved through innova- financial sector and be able to combine prowan 
ove marketing of a wide range of financial services creative skills and flair with a high degree of profit 
and products orientation. 

A Marketing Controller is now sought to manage The compensation pactege for this senior post is in 
and direct our established and sophisticated mar- excess of £40.000. comprising basic remuneration, 
keting department Embracing die entire range profit sharing scheme, attractive mortgage subsidy 

of marketing operations the position will indude and attendant benefits, 
responsibility for the identification and develop- Applicants will be considered alongside internal 

merit of new products and services together with candidates 

essential advertising and promotional support For further details of this position, send in complete 

As a member of the senior management team, the confidence a full CV. including details of jour 
Marketing Controller will have considerable scope current remuneration to 
in helping to shape the Banks arateglc poBcy H. B. Nichol, Personnel Controller. 

Applicants wifi be considered alongside internal 

For further details of this position, send in complete 

H. B. Nichol, Personnel Controller. 

in addition to determining the form, and Impact of England & pfc. 
its marketing thrust It isa posinontiatcate for Administration Centre, 

a rare blend of personal Qualities including the l00 Lower Thames Street London EC3fc 6AQ 
ability to envisage medium and iong-terai 

consumer demands and the personal .leadership Closing date for applications is 21st October 1586. 


Browning-Ferns Industries, Inc., one of the world's largest waste service companies, has a 
position available for a Landfill Operations and Marketing Manager in its U.K. subsidiary. This 
highly visible position will be based in London but will require extensive international travel. 
Qualified candidates must be able to demonstrate the following:* 

1. 3*5 years landfill operating experience; I 

2. Ability to develop new sites for waste disposal; 

3. In-depth knowledge of the hydrogeological area that are required to be addressed when 
sitting new landfills and acquiring exisrt/ng landfills; 

4. Ability to effectively manage the operations, engineering, equipment maintenance, and 
environmental compliance at the Company's landfills; - 

5. Must possess strong communication skills and be willing to travel. 

We offer an excellent salary and benefits package. For immediate consideration send a resume 

Mrs. Julie Bryan 

Browning-Ferns Services (U.K.) Limited 
79 Knightsbridge, 

London SW1A 7RB 
United Kingdom. 


Executive Recruitment — I.T. 
Mayfair £10-£12,000 

W- are market leaders in assignment hased 
specialist recfuirmenr, operating aero* Banking, 
Insurance, and High Technology. Our Executive 
Search abilities are highly respected and we have 
a reputation for producing highly innovative, 
award-winning recruitment advertising. 

To assist in the develop menrof our expanding, 
largely blue-chip diem base, we urgently require 
an additional Trainee Account Executive for our 
Technology division. 

Responsibilities will include canvassing new 
and existing clients, research, and monitoring the 
computer press in order to arrange for our relevant 
specialist to secure new business. 

You should be of graduate calibre and in your 
mid 20’s, with &>me com mere ial/Ciry experience 
which should include an understanding of the 
rer industry Any limnaJ (dottles training 

tr’ iliNI-;' - 



Chinaaaft Ltd, the lea di ng multiple Fine China, Crystal and Giftware 
Specialists, with other ctiversifiad interests, wish to appoint a Marketing and 
Sales Director of exceptional ability reporting directly to the Chairman. 

In addition to the retail operation, and building a team, the 

successful candidate will have the responsibility of creating and 
introducing new areas of merchandise, including oar own brands. 

A very substantial re mu n erat ion package will be offered, far this new 
position, to an outstanding applicant with a strong retail background, who 
ran help to lpari the rrmtirmfrig p'rpgnmnn and development, of the Group. 

Write in confidence tor 

The Chairman, The ChhiRCraft Group of Companies, 

130 , Bartty Road, _ - 0 -^ 

London WIO 6 BW *■ 

Candida re can expect to progress to Account 
Executive within a year where earnings are 
unlimited and include a company car. 

For further information please telephone or 
write (in confidence) to Craig Millar, Associate 
Director irf Information Technology quoting 

ri LI 



1 Associates 

International Search and Selection 
160 New Bond Street, London Wi ¥ 0 HR 
Telephone; Ol -408 (670 

MKl Heraldic A'lrJ nm*a lot 
L^kUi Bi.w> Rubuna Onirr 
I ut l ai DM1 tainr. m hidun 
wnr jnts nrmm. 

Mini nr irmAli wirti nulas. 
hrtpinl AI rrttal imlrttruon jna 
fhiiumMIt Bl win RiiW An 
(Uni dr TiWmOu Ol I8597W 

era. onutVHw help amd 

rxtwo »h sfsM.'fi quicbnrr 

RMori Ml TO 

BrlMUKKIrd >0U27> 72309 
U«n a*. HiHM'iii mMUQrr Ol 
prainMAd hnrwahMi firm 
LMlfntHt twid noil. & orrv 
huh* Tom for Ol 561 3429 

mumwiRS rrouirm at LL 
TON AIRPORT, lor onr «M| 
trwunvi, ? JAM MW Axei 
jhp ol iu>a T.Snr until on 
um. m U SO prr hr pub t? 
Bonus prr null. Apptmnb 
nuM nr j\ aiMdp Inr onr wrrkt 
II rfiiiiiiu ui rally Dec mart 
Plivor DDPI) in own lUMwm 
<na. Udiuio jgr. m. work 
rxernrtKC & OUalriirtliOlw. 

notiOjy a famiU' rawmtmnw 

Ptiwr wnir lav Mrw Orrwwil. 
■ DrM IOi QiG AtlDtlon All- 
lUonn. CAA HOW. T.A16. 

S° kuvrud) . London WC3B 

MTERVICWEfCS Trqutrrd ai 
onr Kniinnino 2 JAN 

IOH7 Axrcaqp of I wo 7 6 Iw. 
xhfllx art vtvek si UHwrnr 
r*l*H C2 Baulk p TT Mull A call 
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I" Pnux 1 oppn- in os ii 
rumuiiumi Maiuio w. srv 
NODI. rvprrtrfWT A. UlUlIfKd 
uoiiv notmay & lamiii- 

imnmilnvHiK CLOSING DA IX 
lOWT 198 ©. Aw nrnu* to- 
Mrs I Olrurll. <I>rpl Ii O' J 
TiMUon Tullwnlv CAA 
HMM. T «Ui.4&50Klimsn. 
Lonmn hlm BTE 


W estabkshod linn otters oar- 
■naneni position to recent 
UnHosoy Graouate to tom md 

HneoaK n ewy aspea ol the 
baaiess. Genuine rnipesi <n 
nnng more HnpaUnt DUA An 
mefy oegnt 

Aflpsatott h wIBm ONLY to 
lager. 13 OH Beal SL 
Uaftn WI. 

RUHR Oawlrti Ptrlurr Col 
Wi Aoohnamini jr<* nn iM 
lor lfns post CM aniMaiM in ihr 
Dirmar Thr poulion iniuur* 
niulorul work, ritiuxunn 
Drqamaiion and Iwlum. Ap- 
Ptaranls UwuJd MU' an. 

aotnooruuii drorrr Sdlan 
cr.500 la CO. SOO Flirt rvrr ae 
Wk I ion i Dub'vn Piriuir 
Gaffcri. Cotfe>r n and. Lanaan 
SC2I 7 AO Closing dalr 20Ul 
Ortoart lOBO 

EXPCRBKD prison la 
w»l last mosiiig nmnsnarr 
nMriiwm* in sum i k tawa. 
TH 061 W 16KB 




Small London based firm 
speaafeing in acousiwns tor 
Bmsn puAc companies ra- 
Quires two graogate 
testarchere. Aoohcants snouid 
snow thorpu^nness and ahen- 
lun to detad and have it* 
necessary comranment m mas* 
to invesigame norti with a 
ttunoaf oos. Annual salary 

Send CV wdh awenrn tetter to: 
Mr J P Hervit J P Mer/ts fi 
Co. 2 John Street London 
WC 1 N 2 W. Tel: {Ol) 405 4072 . 

•WADUATES inrrr irainrr e\er 
tilixrs Mm ?i, rrouirvtl lor 
•AldMishnt London rairmltan 
n Iwinwihi nm \rar 




National Marriage Guidance Council 

■ /. ■ ■-« . . 

Corisaifantsby joining outfrapkfl# 

. -i* 

Gr&tp, Praje<^f^^frt^specglc , 



rr “•"TP" 

H 12$ 


Pensions Manager 

Midlands, or possibly 
Northern Home Counties 

Up to £20,000 p^L 
+ generous benefits 

A prestigious international client is seeking to recruit an experienced Pensions Manager to be totally 
responsible for the administration of a self-invested fund of overflOm covering 2,300 members. The company 
plans significant growth over the next five years. 

The successful applicant will take over the responsibility from an external source and will be required to set 
up and develop all the necessary systems and routines to ensure a smooth transition and continuance of 
operation. Responsibilities will include keeping members' records* ail aspects of accounts* liaising with the 
Inland Revenue and DHSS and the provision of all necessary documentation to the members and the actuaries. 
He/she will also be required to set up and administer a pensioners' payroll. 

The individual will play a significant part in advising on the development of pensions policy, but Initially the 
priorities will be geared towards the practical side of running an effective pensions operation. The department is 
very small and therefore the Pensions Manager must expect to become fully involved in day-to-day matters. 
Supervision will be minimal and therefore the successful applicant will need to be very sound technically at all 

The successful applicant will demonstrate that he/she has the required level of experience, the personality to 
cope with personal contracts at all levels, together with the energy and flexibility required to become part of an 
organisation with a dynamic management style 

Salary is as Indicated above with benefits which include non-contributory pension scheme, profit sharing, 
company car and BUR\. Relocation expenses will be paid if appropriate 

Applications with detailed CV.* are invited from suitably qualified men and women, to the consultant 
advising on the appointment, quoting reference CLR LD9/A. 

Norman Marks* Senior Consultant, William M. Mercer Fraser Ltd. 

4 Southampton Place London WC1A2DA 



Computer Sales Consultants 

London HQ, c£38k Package+Car+ Stock Options 

Our client is a public company and the 
leading supplier of computer systems to the 
accountancy profession with over 1400 
multi-user installations and a rapidly 
growing client base in the commercial 
iinancial sectors. Many of their clients are 
currently upgrading to che company’s new 
generation of Un be based systems. 

To meet this increasing demand, the 
sales ream for the South Hast is set to 
expand and che need is for mature sales 
executives to develop both new and 


1 Associates 

existing business within the profession and 
associated markets. A background in 
accountancy is essential, as is at least two 
years’ experience in sales or in running your 
own business. 

You will have the confidence and 
personal credibility to work at senior level, 
and will be looking for a professional 
environment in which your career and 
talents can flourish. 

To apply* please telephone or write to 
Brian Burgess quoting Ref: CM 050. 

Search and Selection 

160 New Band Street. London WI Y0HR. 

-HephonetOl -409 137J 

MGM ASSURANCE is a progressive mutual life ofTice 
specialising in life assurance, pensions and investments. 

Located at our modern Head Office in a very pleasant south coast 
environment, the following opportunity has arisen within our Li/e 
Operations division where we seek to offer the very highest standards 
of service to our pal icy holders and brokers using advanced on-line 
computer systems. 

Life Technician 

lb provide gu idance to staff, policyholders and brokers on 
technical aspects of life and annuity contracts to include trusts and 
taxation. Heading a small team, other duties will involve the drafting 
of policies and endorsements and undertaking special project work. 

The successful applicant will probably be ACJI i Life > qualified and 
have .several years' relevant experience. 

A competitive salary is offered and our attractive benefits 
package includes bonus. PHI and mortgage subsidy schemes. 
Relocation assistance will be available if appropriate. 

Please write with detailed c.v.. indicating the salary you seek, to 
Miss .1. Gulland. - Head of Personnel. MGM Assurance, MGM House. 
Hecne Road. Worthing. West Sussex BN 11 2DY, 

Tel. 0903-204*11 Ext 215. 


LL ilLi 


Manne and General Mutual Life Assurance Soc.ery 
Established 1852 

Share In 
I Our Success 

American Life is part of the American 
International Group, one of theworidb 
leading financial services organisations. 

Wb are expanding rapidly In the United 
Kingdom and we are lookfrig for the right 
people in London. Hertfordshire, Essexand 
East AngGato share in our success. We 
need espeoafly people wfthaqjerience in 
the financial services sector who have the 
potential to be managers within a short 

tfyou are aged between 24 and 55 and you 
are ambitious, competitive and determined, 
we would like to hear from you. 

Wawinhe^youdevetopyourtalaitsand ■ . 
reward you generausty for your efforts. 

If you would like to know more about our 
pfons, phone Jim Moore on 01 -488 4B73 or 
write to him at- 


c £25,000+ car 

Foltowing a wide-ranging external review 

ation nationwide has an annual budget of £3mi 

He/she wHI also play akey role in me lm 
policy changes arising from the external review 

Candidates for this challenging appointment, who 

backgrounds, must be able to demonstrate 

catfons skills. Previous involvement with the voluntary 

from pubfic sector and private sources ami with media relations would 

obvious advantages. 

The appointment wfll be offered on a five yea? renewable contract It feba^d 

in the Rugby headquarters and other terms Include a can pensxsn scheme 
and assistance with relocation expenses. 

pfease reply in confident* with career details to Gregory TM Hinds, Executive 

Selection Division, Ref. HT551. 




Coopers & Lybrand Associates Limited 

management consultants 

Shelley House 3 Noble Street 
London EC2V 7DQ 

Cereal House; 58 Mark Lane. 
London EC3R7NE. 


Vtery often, executives and other 
professional people contemplate 
a change right in the middle 
of their career. 

Most often their reasons 
for this are a general dissatisfaction with their 
present career and the belief that they could 
and should be doing better. 

Chusid Lander is a group of specialist 
career consultants who for many years have .. 
been helping people earning £15,000 a year, 
or more, to get better jobs - whether they are 
currently in a job, unemployed or feeing 

We have turned pessimism into 
optimism, failure into success and 


package up to £25,000 including a cat 

PA Personnel Services 

. B\ Personnel Services* a ' pushing back still further flic 

within the international PA 
consulting group, provides 
more services in more countries 
far the recruitment, 
development and retention of 
managerial staff than any 


witb an enthusiastic 
irofesstonab based in 
am, Manchester, 
and London* Has 

excellence m the versatility* 
quality and range of solutions it 
taQor-inakes to meet specific 
diem requirements in 
selection, counselling and 
development of individuals and 

putting bade still further die 
frontiers of current assessment 
knowledge and practice while 
re m ai n ing totally aware of 
diems’ commercial needs. 

■ We are seeking a fivety 
person to join us m Manchester 
who will assist dients in every 
parr of the public and private 
sectors. This new opportunity* 
which offers excellent 

28-40, who have a post- 
graduate qualification in 

experience ofj providing a 
professional service to senior 
managemen t 

The remuneration package 
is glared to experience and - 

1 rTTi >i ^Uiii d 

i » T>J \ *t« rjTj .> j rvrj 

fiiTTTl j 

H \\> f [i r< 

1 m’ > Mtrlii n »> , 



jaded Executives into highly 
successful people earning very 
nriuch more -and we can prove it 
• For many years, we have been 
guiding people in the right 
direction - now it’s your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential 
personal assessment, without obligattorvor 
write to: The Administrator, Chusid Lander, 

. Ref: G/9/i 35/37 Frtzrqy Street London 

W1P 5AF- enclosinga brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER ■ 061-2280089 

HRMNGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 0949 37911 
BRISTOL 027222367 OIASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 




Requires a 
Personnel Clerk 

To act as the Personnel Officers 
main assistant in the running of the 
- American Personnel program. 

Duties indude processing new and 
departing American employees, 
liaising with the British authorities 
on diplomatic accreditation, and 
pinning information on terms and 
conditions of .employment to 
American employees. 

Applicants require a good standard 
of education and the aptitude to 
research regulations. Two years 
office experience, preferably gained 
in a personnel environment* is 
required. Typing (miniinnn 40wpro) 
is required. Word processing 
experience, preferably Wang, would 
be an advantage. 

Hours: 9am - 6pm, Monday to 
Friday. Salary: £8,974 pa. 

To appjy send full details of 
qualifications and experience to: 



Hyde Park Borne, <50* Kmgfinbridgc, London SW1X 7LE. 
Teh 01-235 6060 Telex: 27874 

A fresh start 
for successful 
business people 

Hill Samuel Investment Service Limited is a leader in 
providing its clients with a complete personal fmanci&i service. 
Pensions, unit trusts, investments, personal portfolio 
management and life assurance are just some of our areas of 

We recognise that it takes a veiy special person to explain 
these services and to advise our dients on how best to manage 
tbeir money successfully. 

If you are aged between 25-55, self-motivated and enjoy 

If you are looking fin: an opportunity to develop a new career, 
talk to Hill SamS^ 

Teh Keith Agnew on 01 686 4355 or wrfte to: HSU Samuel 
Investment Services Ltd, NLA Tower, 12-16 Addscombe Road, 
Croydon CR9 6BP. 


Assessment for ai ages. 

Ctorxs. Can** 
“-S' IPX Progress. Dano** 

35-54 2nd 
W mw* in fns bmauK. 

• •• Qouccaer an 

•So “’-“aslfiS 

f]Jkey r p 1 

-- k . V. • • 

pv ■ , 

.Tt' * ' ; “j 

I?. ';- ' 

-r? ' 7 - ; ' ' 

WA-- ’ ‘ . 

r ^-.v i 

b • 


•» i ■■ 

>.v *•’ • 

- fj.- • 

• «* * ,fc 


OuaUir ic ^ 


WyL _ Tourism- ^ 
/ England's growth industry ^ 

In England 

encouraging innovation* in and leisure projects, 

T^uor Positions in 

ySharSS^T^ ran 9 e offeeeaming fea 


The leisure developments. “ 

in the cou™> ^J* 3 ?*^**' Wanagement Scaritos 
ETB^?5^ tourism and leisure Industry 

grant payminfip rnntrS^Mr? Ptojects. Ybu wfD manage the team administering 


^i5a9ss :Ba « , * 

company ^Se ol 
9000 ^^Ol^lSwfo?^ “■ °ftSjS?jobdSSpa 

t III M!U \n: 

; wniio 

i I vi; \<s 

l • . ; : 1 t *V«i : 

; . , \ . \ . 

1/rM Fnt-lish 

Tourist Bonrri 

A key role in monitoring 
financial performance 

Based Manchester 

The North Western Regional Health 

*% #*v j^, ^ ' — 5S I Authonty a the second largest region n department through your invotvemem 

mp | IV W O A A S. I l"9* and J* nt h an annual revenue budget of the Regional RnanceTraming Scheme 

A v.J a! - ■ rf I l A HP I £900 milon, spread across 19 District CIPFA quaHad or the holder of a si 

W* \VyMMN I Health Authorities and inducting a Capital accountir»^k»^ ^ idea^ in 

T I""’’* «*> I Procvamme of £70 miHion oar veer. mid-fete 30's, you wffl have extensive 

Health Authorities and inducting a Capital 
Programme of £70 mBIion per year. 

This key position represents an excellent 
opportunity to work at the forefront of 
public service finance. Reporting to the 
Assistant General Manager, you 'll be _ 
respons&te for managing a major section 
of the Treasurer's Department You will be 
heavily involved in all aspects of the 
Department's operations through 
monitoring District and Regional financial 
performance and the achievement of short 
term plans, Raising closely with your 
counterparts in Financial Planning and 

This is a highly innovative role, involving 
the development, implementation and 
maintenance of Region-wide financial 
accountancy systems in collaboration with 
the Regional Computer Services Manager. - 
Additionally you wflbe expected to 

Salary up to £25,000 p.a. 

contribute to the future success of the 
department through vow involvement in 
the Regional Finance Teaming Scheme. 

CIPFA qualified or the holder of a similar 
accounting quafification and ideaRy in your 
mid-fate 30's, you wffl have extensive 
experience of financial monitoring gained in 
the pubfic service, industry or commerce. 
Good managerial and communication ski Is . 
together with the abfty to interpret 
information quickly, are essential. 
Addfaiomlfy you vm need the strength of 
character to push through difficult 

If you fed you possess the right 

for this position, write or telephone for 
an application farm and job description 
to the Redone! Personnel Division, 
Gateway House, PfocedHJy South, 
Manchester M60 7LP. quoting 
reference number B. 11 2/A. Teh 061- 
238 9456, Ext. 614. 

Closing date for receipt of completed 
appficatrenforms 12.0m, Friday;3rd : 
October, 1986. 

General Manager 

Salary commencing 

The present General Manager of the 
Company, who ia the chief EKBCutiro 
responsible to the Board , is retiring from 
that poston 1st July, 1967 and appli- 
cations are invited for his successor from 
that date, but who will be expected to 
preceding three months. 

The Compaq is a statutory water 
company providing thepuhlic water 
supply to V* million domestic consumers 
and industrial and commercial 
customers in north west London and 
south west Hertfordshire. It is based at 
Watford with a workforce erf some 34a 

It is expected that the successful 
candidate will be between the ages of 40 
and 50 at the time of appointment A pro- 
fessional qualification in a discipline 
appropriate to the Water Supply industry 
is essential. Experience in that ind ustry 
will be an advantage but most important 

will be proven experience of successful 

management at top or very senior level in 
a multi-disciplinary organisation with 
increasing in volv em ent of new technology. 

The Company has undergone major 
organisations change over the past three 
years in its continuing desire to improve 
its efficiency and service to the public. 
The person appointed to this post will be 
expected to head and develop die new 
organisation to these ends. 

Public Service type pension scheme 
— membership obligatory. 

More particulars of the Company and 
the appointment may be ob teiimd by 
telephoning Watford [STD code 0923) 
23333 ext 232 or ext 201. Written 
applications with full Curriculum Vitae 
in support to include details of two 
referees to be sent in envelope endorsed 
'Private — Appointment of General 
Manager' to W A Cosgrove, LL.B.. 
Solicitor; General Manager; to arrive not 
later than 24th October; 1986. 

The Colne Valley Water Company 

SWMKWin MwnnRW Wtoa 

- 1 : 
: : % . 

: . : ", r f ' ■ 

‘ - j.' i ■' 

• t . #» . * r 

, . . oi the Baseorch Deportnwtf of Ike 
Foreign end Cbnmtonweolih Offirebt 

Londoa whkh contributes to the torniu^ 

twiofpofgy«W«b»caick)Cti ng»w^ 
into post ond current ssutoThoaxo^ 
merts f te work of gsogntphied and 
functional deportments by providing a 
eoHectne memory and corttnuity oncJysnig 
onpScntions lor policy os requited, and 

p^pomig studies m deplh d portkdor 


There is one «oooncy in eodi ol tne 
foBowing Sedans.' ■ 

/VfrifflwVHi. must have a sound umter- 

Jfondjng of tto hsory domestic poCfe 
interr«tiondrelew>ns.o^ a ^®°' 

tooelhw wrt a good reoduig 
West Afnaxi countnes would be an 

must hove e*cepttond 
hah-lcvel intcrptrwtg work, togelhef * 

otjimd undenting of fhe So^ej^! 

For both posts, you should normally 
have o degree wrrti 1st or upper 2nd doss 
honours (where tirided) or a post- 
graduate degree, in orete»ont subject (eg 
geography hrixoryi ecoraniG. poTrficol 
studies, modem longuogB*). Exasptiondfc 
you may apply 3 nol thre quaSfied, prewded 
that you hor« other quatfia^ions or experi- 
ence of particular value to iho Research 

SALARY os Research Officer £8045- 
£]],085 or Seniof Beseardi Officer 
£11,910^14,635. Level of a ppointment and 
skirting solory according to quo Wi cat ions 
md experience, ftomolion prospeen 

For further detads and an appSaation 
form (to be relumed by 24 October 1986) 
write to Gvil Servire Commission, Atenoon 
Link. Basingstoke. HtaxsRG2l UB.or 
telephone Bosingflote. (0256) 465551 
(answering sstvice operates outside office 
hounllleore quote ret G/70M. 

TheGtfU Sentab an eqaal opportirnfay 



mptoxi to join a dynamic 
team in the expawfiny - - 
BaBHsei office ol London's 
testesHFOwng Estate Agents. 

Long bouts and excsSestf 
career prospects a emtanty. 

Car owner essenteL 
■1-228 MU 


In W9 require 

Negotiator. Must 
banon smoker, 
aged 23 to 28 and 
own car. Full 
training given. 
Basic, car 

allowance and 

Adrian on 

Mb on* o /*«*« i P ,ocKT Telephone 

C^ofl^^r^^reo l^phone 

Rrwchorto work monnw 

Your polnfwd gw regwter cri 

Edioord ; ^ r ^ 
Erdmon 01 . 62 9 si 9 i 

j CHRISTIAN AD Invites applications from lay or 
nrttoinfld men or women for the post of Area 
Secretary for Oxfordshire. Berkshire and Bucking- 
hamshire. The post is based in Oxford. 

Commitment to Issues of poverty and development 
from Christian standpoint needed. Also proven 
skins In communicating with wide range of people. 
Car driver essential. Write only for job description 
and appBcation tarn enclosing a foolscap SAE tec 

Personnel Officer, Christian Aid, 

PXk Box 1, London, SW9 SOU 
dosing date tor applications 22nd Octob**: 

^hristian Aid 




We need your help tb promote TJfetine Alarm 
Appeals at Oty and District Coundl level 
throughout the UK. ’Lifeline' is an emeigency 
communications system for the elderly. 

People from Industry, the Professions, Com- 
merce and Government Service are particulary 
welcome. You wBI need an outgoing personafity, 
enormous enthusiasm and weff developed com- 
munication skills. 

Whilst the work is voluntary. Involving a couple 
of days a week, all normal out-of-pocket ex- 
penses wtS be reimbursed. The real reward win 
be the enormous personal satisfaction of bring- 
ing- to fruition a vital part of the charity s 

If available, a CV would be most heipfuL toter- 
vtews wffl be arranged (ocaBy. 

Please contact Ian Adams, l 

Help the Aged, St James's \ f 
Walk. London EC1 ROBE. 

Tefc 01-253 0253. 

Ufefine' Alarm 



Starting salary; £15,421 p.a. 

ARC is an expanding national organisation which 
mobilises business suits and resources to meet com- 
munity needs, (t brings business and voluntary sectors 
together in joint action on economic and social 

The Director of this new unit wB to mponsMe to the 
Chief Executive for developing ARCS Secondment 
Progr am me and related aenriccs to c o mp anies which 
toon staff to coflxntBittjr ofganfsefion*. 

The successful candidate for this chalenging post w* 

- managerial experience, ideally in the private seo- 
tor, probab ly tn a persemei (staff devetopmant) or 
marketing role; 

- a strong commitment to expant fln g the private 
sector's role in the community; 

- an outgoing personality and excdtentcommuiica- 
tion sRns. 

Further drtnte and application form f ro m, ARC, CAP 
House, 9/12 Long Une, London EC1 9HD. TeL 01-726 

Closing data: 13 October. 




On suooesskxtlo the bne Rear Admiral Jock MUer) To 
assume responsMhy far the adm i ni st r a tion and wd- 
fare of the Central Office of this- worid-wride 
Missionary Soriety. 

He/she should be a member of the Anglican Church, 
have^ proven administrative ability, and if possibie 
fund-raising and computer ex peri en ce. 

Seafaring experience or dose association with the 
.industry desnfete. 

Salary £11,280, plus London Weighting of £1.317 
pJL, finked with NALGO scales. Car provided. To 
start early December. Appfications to be received by 
10 October. Apply for job description and application 
form inmedfatefy to: 

General Secretary 03pt. LHO) 

The Mssions to 

St. Mtehad Paternoster Royal. 

Collage tfl. 

Tel: 01-248 5202 Exl 34 or 35 


Are you earning £20,000— £100,000 p.a- 
and seeking a new job? 

COrmau^ifs discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Maioeting Progranme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 

those unadvertised vacancies. ... . 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are cirrentiy abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

hone; 01-7343879 (24 hours) 

32 Savile Row; London, W1 
The Executive Job Soarch 


Senior Mechanical Electrical, and Instrument 
Technirianfl. Also Me chanic al. Electrical and 
Instrument Artisans. Very hjgh salary and 
conditions. Successful applicants will be required 
to work a monthly shift pattern. One month 
abroad followed by one month home leave, all 
expenses paid. 

Please send foil C.V. and home telephone number 
by 3rd October to: 


Experienced and preferably bilingual 
(Spanish). Pcqnfeasing for South America. 
Located in London, SW1. Salary 

Phone Office Manager for interview 
01-222 0566 





There’s more 
to working for a 

Charity Recruitment is a new recruitment 
service set up to make iteasierforyoutofind 
jobs in voluntary organisations and 
charities. We are interested in a wide range 
of specialisations, particularly within 
Honaiiitt Accountancy, Book-Keeping, 
Secretarial and Fundratring. All you need 
to do is register with us and when a suitable 
job comes up you will automatically be 

Forfurther details of this free service, please 
fill in the coupon and return ft tor Charity 
Recruitment, 12 Ravensboume Gardens, 
London W138EW. lei: 01 -991 0094, 


I Address ...: .... .... I 

I I 

I All information supplied wH! be treated in I 
| the strictest confidence. ^ J 




The new IT bksShito has been get up m a 
partnership between q number of 
leading JT eempenlee and Cranfleid 
bistttute of Technology In recognition of 
tiw key In^Mriane* of IT ta saucing . 
Industrial expansion wefl into the next 
centwy.The newfTfoslituloseeks irtticiyto 
attract aqaerierx^Ledirerswith 
appScxtilors-based knowledge In three 
teaching areas: . . 

• Informafloii Systems 

• Systems Analysis ft Design 

• Software Engineering 

AccoccfaSg 1o you’ efisefotne and 
experience, youH cfevlse and pcstidpatein 
a wide range of ledure& shoricouraes and 
in-company programmes. Ycx/B also be 
expected to expand the Institute's 
research activities, having access to an 
enviable range erf advanced 
hardware, software csid 
laboratory resources. 

This Is therefore a unique opportunity for 
ambifioLis appllcanfafbcornelnaf the start 
of an exdttng and stimulating errteiprlse 
offering exertional career prospedsand 
afirstdass rerTUJiernttonpcidrage geared 
fo your age and experience. Ptecse write 
with your c.v. to Dr. A. Lockhart, Company 
Secretaiy, c/o CranfleM Institute of 
Technology, CranleW, Bedlotd MK43 OAL 

IT C? 


for Securities Industry 

This is an opportunity to play a critical role at a time when the securities 
industry is going through a major period of change associated not only with the 
effects of Big Bang but also the forthcoming Financial Services Legislation. 

We wish to recruit an Assistant Manager in the Corporate Nfembeiship area 
who^ yrillbe responable for the advising companies which may be active in a variety 
of di ffer ent securities markets, both domestic and international, in their corporate 
structures and ihe admission iequirernenls of^ The Stock EJxchange. 

You^ win have A great deal of personal liaison at a senior level with prospective 
Corporate Members and their professional legal and tax advisers. You will also be 
involved in the preparation of papers to be conadered by the Stock Exchange 
Council and will be expected to make a significant contribution to policy 
development in this important and last changing area. 

Aged late twenties or e arly thirties, you^ will have a degree and, ideally, a 
letevant professional qualification Knowledge of the securities industry or a related 
area of activity would be a positive advantage. 

-The position represents^ considerable career opportunity, Salary will be * 
dependant upon experience and the benefits package includes free travel, BUPA, 
non contributory pension scheme; subsidised meals and 25 days holiday. Please 
write with a full aicriculura vitae to: 

Joanifer Gsreggon, Priwmmftl Manager, 

The Sock Exchange, Oid Broad Streep London EC2N IBP. Tel: 01-588 2355. 




We have recently expanded into new offices in the city, and are continuing with 
our aggressive expansion programme , in London and the South East This is a 
highly rewarding opportunity with excellent promotion prospects in the exciting 
world of finance and investment. 

Essentials are self-motivation, application to hard work, and an ability to absorb 
new ideas rapidly in wide-ranging Fields, including Taxation, Investment, Insur- 
ance, Mortgages and Pensions. 

The successful applicants will be ambitious, career-minded individuals, aged 23+. 
For further details phone 01-283-8040 and speak to Hugh Jory. 

FPS (Management) Ltd 
186-190 Bishopsgate 
London EC2M 4NL. 



The Institute wishes to appoint an Assistant Secretary, from 1 January 1987. Main initial 
resports ibfflty will be for enhance the services of the Institute's 104 local centres in the UK 
and overseas for its 120,000 members. 

This is a career appointment with opportunities for increased responsibfflty in a fast 
developing professional association, one of the largest of its type in the world. Some travel 
wffl be required. 

Appfications are invited from graduates, AIBs, or their equivalent with good administrative 
experience. The ability to communicate effectively with people of many nationalities, and at 
many different levels of seniority, is essential. Background in commercial education and/or 
banking/finance would be an advantage. Preferred age about 30. 

Starting sakuy. including London allowance, will be in the range £18,500 - £21 ,500. Benefits 
include subsidised lunch faculty, contributory pension scheme and staff housing loan (after 
qualifying period). 

Applications, marked " Personal ", for 

Eric Glover, Secretary-General, 

The Institute of Bankers, 

10 Lombard Street, London EC3V 9AS 

by 30 . September 1986. 


Cental Mnnipir tn mtaraadioBaUv niiwixd Dtypi wW t- 
iraiUi rmuire* ywo* cum Secret^ who ia jftxvJ with 


fined Mcntarial skill* enact ril The successful ntmUnut should 
be efltefenL adaptable, and iriBinK to wl as part of a man 
MHhntiasUc 1*°^ 

SALARY £6,000 

Please telephone Carole Hcdley-Sanndera 
01-253 5471 


Exciting Clothes 
for Executive Women 

Needs a higWy professional sales person to 
join then-team. Friendly personafity essential. 
Good salary etc: Call Mrs Binder 01-629 7044 






The Keep Britain Tidy Group is recognised by the 
Government as the national agency for litter 
abatement. As such it sponsors research and initiates 
education programmes, and also manages the 
Community Programme sponsored' by the 
Manpower Services Commission. 

The latter progra mme has a budget of £6 million, 
while Keep Britain Tidy manages expenditure in 
cash and in kind of well over £3 million. 

• RESPONSIBILITY is for the management of a 
staff of around 100 which is increasing, and for 
coordinating the work of several thousand MSC 
sponsored volunteers on contract 

• THE REQUIREMENT is for a record of 
accomplishment indicating general management 
competence concerning tight control of sizeable 
funds, the creative promotion of a public campaign 
to improve the environment and leadership and 
control of people at work. 

• SALARY is £27,000 and is subject to review. 

Write in complete confidence to A. Longland, as 
adviser to the Group, at Tyzack & Partners Ltd, 
8-10 Hallam Street London WIN 6DJ. 



Sloane Square 

A vacancy exists in our antiques and reproduction furniture 
department fora keen sales assistant who has preferably got 
some previous experience of this nature. 

We also have vacancies for permanent sales staff in our gift and 
ch™ department. Hours are 9 - 5.30 Monday to Friday and 
every otter Saturday morning. Salary according to age and 
experience, generous staff discount and Christmas bonus. > 

Please write with your CV to Sarah Mackay, The Genual 
Trading Company, 144 Sloane SL, London SW1X 9BL 

In early November we will be taking on temporary staff for the 
Christmas period. Applicants, who should be prepared to work 
up to Christmas Eve, should call for an appointment on 
01 730 0411. 



High Calibre 
Young Consultants 

Whitehead Mann is one of the leading executive search 
companies with associated offices worldwide. Continuing 
expansion has created the need for further consultants, 
with Director potential, who will make a major 
contribution to the growth and development of the 

Key requirements: 

• Age: 28-33 

- High calibre graduate; preferably 1st Class Hons. 

- Proven ability to build and develop client 

relationships . . 

- Combining intellect with energy and commercial 

Only candidates with an outstanding record of 
achievement and the necessary headroom for future 
career growth should apply. 

High salary and profit sharing. 

Please write to: Dr AJL Mann 
Whitehead Mann Ltd 
44 Welbeck Street 
London WlM 7HF 



LONDON c.£35,000 

Following * reotguraatmi of He marketing policies this multinational manu- 
facturer of a complete range of products, for the office environment, seeks an 
outstanding personality to direct the activities of a division handling noo~ 
computer products. This h a new position with reepanmbiiitaes for a 
sales and support force and several first-tine sales mangers. Reporting to the 
Britkh Manning Director you will control a multi-million £ turnover and an 
<ac tensive dealer network across the UK. The operation » growing; regional 
offices will be established and new products are in the pipeline. 

You should offer exceptional sales man ag emen t and orgaidsatitmal skills to- 
Briber with knowledge of the reprographics, typewriter and calculator markets. 
Personal contacts with dealers will be a distinct advantage; First dan warnings 
will be conptanented with a range of fringe benefits indudmg executive car. Th 
learn more contact James De Siun on 01-631 4146. 




Reporting to the newly appointed National Sales Manager you will take respon- 
sibility fora sales and support team handling a range of copier products through 

an established network of dealers. Motivation and management skills wiD be at 
a premium in pushing the current multi million £ revenues to new heights. 
Ertenmvr knowledge of sales through dealers a Jt prerequisite. Your earnings 

and responsibilities w3) grow as you expand your team. In the meantime you 
w31 enjoy a stimulating environment and excellent conditions and b ene fi t # . 
Your fort contact will be James De Sam on 01-631 4146. 



Eartgam Hamm. «■» Entente Street London WIN 7M ■Taephone: 01-631 4140 


Due to continued success and rapid growth GU ARD I AN 
BUSINESS SERVICES requizes additional consultancy 

As a leading Management Training Consultancy we can offer 
a unique blend of challeng in g assignments in the areas of the 
Oral and Written Communications, Management, 
Supervisory, Personnel and Trainer Training. This 
demanding role involves conducting public courses in our 
Training Centre, identifying training needs, designing, and 
conducting courses to meet the requirements of specific 
clients organisations. 

Successful candidates are likely to be in the 30-40 age range; 
demonstrate effective interpersonal and communication 
skil Is, have proven competence in one of our course areas 
with a desire and the potential to develop both themselves 
and their professional skills. 

An attractive remuneration package will reflect your 
contribution to the Company’s current activities and future 

If you are enthusiastic about training and feel you could meet 
our requirements please send a full CV to:- SL F. Milton, 
Manag ing Director, Guardian Business Services Ltd, 
1X9 Farringdon Road, London EClR 3DA. 

(Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation) 

seeks candidates for 



■To provide marketing co-ordination direction to tire INDECO group of 

The Industrial Development Corporation Limited (INDBCO) re one of the 
largest holding paraatotab in 7-nmhia operating through over 40 qnfoSdwy 

High and senKV level of experience and quaH&atkms to co-onimate market- 
ing requirements of a very large groqp of companies with varied subsidiaiy 
operations “"I product |Ti ' y 

Twfiw wnn hnnrnfai 4— thft r*ig V> n nf pg. ann um p | m tw wwi ny 

and children’s education allowances etc. Applications giving hill de tails of 
experience and qua l i fi c ati ons with Wnw and addre s s es of three 

referees by 30th September to; 

Rcen ri tia ei it Section 
Commonwealth Secretariat 
Marlborough House, Fall Mall, London SW1Y SHX 

Te l e p hon e 01-839 3411 ExL 8143 or 8146 . 

Tin 1 


tlgmbor-pie GreuO 



In a leading 

Management Consultancy 

Up to £13,000, bonus, BUPA, etc 

HAY-MSL is an International management consultancy fl pecia M ng 
In the motivation and development of people at work, and in the 
m ana gement of strategic change. Our Group Infor ma tion Centre 
provides a comprehens i ve information service In support of our 
manageme nt oper a tio na l and marketing nee ds . As Head of the 
Information Centre, the successful c a ndid a te wfll be expected to 
mai n tain high standards of sendee in this key support activity and 
develop the e x tensi v e data-bases which have oofy recently been 
completed. Tire task embraces r es e a r c h, inform a tion retrieval and 

The poet w» appeal to a graduate, who may abo be a Chartered 
Librarian, with a successful track record in i nfor mati on processing - 
prefera b ly in a commercial environm e n t Previous supervisory 
experience would be valued. Age - probably 28 to 34. 

Please write-in confidence -quoting retA.15930 (and giving a daytime 
telephone number if possible) to Cofin Baxon, HAY-MSL Management 
Consultants Ud., 52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1WOAU. 


Director of 
Estate Management 

Salary up to £26,153 

A professionally qualified person is required to 
manage and develop estate and maintenance 

manage and develop estate and maintenance 
services in this jwstgraduate teaching authority 
comprising four hospitals with, a revenue allocation 
of £42 m (including £3 m for maintenance and 
energy) and capital developments in progress or 
planned totalling £37 m. 

The successful candidate should have a proven 
record of managerial achievement in the private or 
public sector; be familiar with capital programming 
control procedures, and have experience in 
co-ordinating professional input at design/project 
team level bom in-house ana by consultants. 
He/she may have a planning or general/works- 
orientaced management background. 








Our Client tea part of 

wmte and hoty corrtesW sedw.Tte Conwaiw 


SSoSSaaiSSbr a BuaiSaBduBtei ideaftr w a 

unique set of business situations Iwctaf and In so domg.1 

future in Internal Management Consistency wth an intensely naneongortentatei 


The idaai Candidate wfll be around 30 yews of age, smart. g» rative fflXI 


Rewanfc are aanmaosorata with ike demands of the position wfaxtatea 

staring satoy In the ream of E1&000 pa. Bonus (which may be taken n Shares). 
Penaeti. BUM, RetocaSon Assistance and a farther range of unique pereonal 

MSmfe prospects exist for farther pwnotnnfertosenkir terete of. 

management in due course, depending upon performance. 

A second position (saraffaMi (*■*»■ c^OWLwhttwabt 
of parttaterintemt to a receTOtrqufifiad MBA. hungry for challenge 

and rati carter prospects. 

tan Payna attbe address shown beJow Quoting reference mmtw KG 125. 

Owns to lefctewnCRsfJteei 


statons of u rtBnjPOTiL.w. 
ad tre sting of Mute pater 

boos and oitter oaS, 

sr , a ,t £js*g3£ 

sense «SW«L 

Aonty in artmg wrt CV and 
X&areh to Tte Personnel 


Exciting opportunity 
for two people (23+1 to 
join a major group in 
the financial services 
industry (West End 
Location). Full training, 
rapid progression into 
management equity 


remuneration second to 
none. Please all Geoff 
Spittles on 01 439 8431 


Commonwealth Secretariat 



Are you eager for success? 
Are you available now? 

As a result of our continued growth we require several 
MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 
Could you bo one of them? 

You r successful fr&ck record will showMtfurt you are thoroughly 
experienced in the business to business area and capable of 

GA rwicx Amvorrr. tor one 
yrarbrnnlMlJai 1987. A\ 
crMr of two 7-6M-. MUfta Mr 

problem solving for small and medium sized companies, be they 
financial, commercial or manufacturing. 

financial, commercial or manufacturing. 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up 
necessary. A first rate remuneration package commensurate with 
effort is offered. 

. I If this is your sort of challenge and you 

>^7 would like to join our expanding team. 

ry, Ref: rr , independent Consulting 

and Management Company Ltd., Rawplug 
House, 147 London Road, Wngston-upon- 
Thames. Surrey KT2 6NR. 

xmctc At C3.7B pvt br Pda £2 
Bonn per swn. APMtrants 
■nun be ntiiabl* for one weeks 
iraoitng <n early December 
Please apply to own handwni- 
tna. stating nr. » e*. work 
expe n ence * quallflcaUom. 
holiday * family eomnuUncnlo. 
PKW wrttr ta MM.P.WWS. 
i Dew. 30J. Cnil Aviation Au 
Ihonty. CAA Hum. TAja. *&- 
69 Kings way. London WC2B 

imnwn fwranwni cenw- 
tanry tpertottsnig In M4togual 
Sr m i a nri have a vacancy lor 
an Inlerv fewer Previous agea- 
cy wpn i CTff unwiil. Meafly 
language nmhiPi*. Salary ne- 
gotiable TH RJ RCC Cons OX 
095 0046. 

CtMfttCULUM WTAC with mica . 
In mm all levels of e mp loy 
nv-nL TO: 0896 62541 1 . 


You are:- aged 21-26, a self-starter who is 
resutts-orientated. seeking a career with real 
- prospects. 

Management Personnel are a leading 
Recruitment Consultancy undergoing extensive 
expansion and seeking to consolidate on our 
increasing success with the appointment of 
additional consultants specifically for our 
Accountancy and Engineering Divisions. 



We can offer a structured career path in a 
forward-thinking environment supjnrted by 
generous financial rewards. For an informal 
discussion please telephone Russell White on 
01-408 1694. 

We require an additional trainer to 
join our lively team, to train clients on 
micro applications. Experience of one 
of the following would be an asset, 

Management Personnel, 

2 Swafiow Place, London W1R 7AA. 


01 247 4388 



A row Ranchi Service Gn?n> xox^jrimg uw p eniM wife 
combined rente «f oew £800 niEoai bare tea qvortmkiee ■ ; 
fee Loadon area for ambition iadwidufi lookme far aa 
ndependmt and prefanfaari oris . We ebefi look farttoee who 
caa ema ow £17jQ00 pa. far ra w4ank pwfanwiaoe mid cm 
repaid to UamiQg ■ ow pNfocLnagt wtmi iadodn nmtMia, 
peBmoraboafe.p a i nnifh a akm fctortfa&» inMrgnBiii aaiidBfe 
aremaace. App&Ksta feotid be apt UUwea 27 ad 45. 

Per mterria rmg Ml Aretm a 01-837 1582 between &00 are. 
and 730 pre. 


Seeks book keep er (2S-30). Beeaoae of the aaaooal 
ratine of the work, imgfat imtisOy amt a part time 
ap p f i ritnt . afifeongb foil time ooraidaxed. Some time 
spent in France and knowkdge of French very uaefoL 
Reply to BOX J99. . 




"ffwuoa. Hours tom - 
a.30nni ftva nays. CV to The 
Smeary. So CUb of Grew 


W Hrtred.n the p t tMma mtU d Ha/ EM Mb ths tat yow n q 
owoety emw b MwmL PMy of are tw * good auto snowy to cope 
«ah oar a a aatf. apawara. tom. m of canetos ol anao. eha 

.rnnwaiASlK Sto Penan 
*n erraav* flair reouircd luB 
w pan tune m omwer «n 
v “ 4 * e ' Tets 

OI-874 1988. 

Htoiwtoot*retrafMprop to raw ra d »cm a i .AnaMc.aBBira 
oato*. good bate anottto rate ntfepsonoa to) bin ke» tttm 

61 734 2561 

StriU Tr\{ 

* Kecruftmenf 

yaw- fHmaiy knldlng wool 




l aj w n ua i . ace for oscmmoop 

« Alima latM & M wrtOt 

Tetoar, a smaa but y o»* «3 oonpany pnM tS ng oomoutar 
nran lo tne aoren ra in j x iw ire e note a afire Samoa 
Exscutnrs/Adntin Poison. They are looung lor an B WWtol 

ctoiW m ralsop band Mi» 
W. 90/50* Frmcn/SDBiaai or 
Cmn ro cs xioo * pmv ! 
Natan* TED Agy 01 736 98 87 i 

pressure. If you are Iraerestsd m oonpurere. can laam 
<**cxty, nan A' laws or m u m uere; oraa ram nee . ana aim 
Keen to work hsr«4 In retom tor wensttllr and tmnng 

apptir to wnong to; ALEX MAOOCBC, Tebnv com 
; Ud. 8 ? Jennyn SL. London SW1Y 8JO. 
accorthng to aga and axp erienc e . 





Opportunity to join 
PJL Company 

PJL Company 
Paddington for 
highly skilled 
Immediate vacancy. 

Tel 01-402 3401 

Krnrhtsbridtt. arw at* 
kna3ftSc35ra a. 25-35. 
EocnoKetocm. Bods&cy, 

iSafaiy £ltLOOO+| 

Tek 01 589 1622. 

'WMh crana NMMMI 

OmuBiWAlBMM In Mone 
RXIOO A 90/50 UtiBs. Or*mt c*.. 
r wro Bwn m ay*. Can 
N*MW TEX) Aqy Ox-736 9887 

arruuiu m Woods? mo 
rwn M aer W kws Imn & bn 
team en an nm Iim wMk ex- 
WtoregwrtgBn Of Mtow, 
w« ts/jneo Wooemar 
Cow Oi-aoa atM. 
avncawr »du ma. oood 
ramuL for wnt End 
Liu-rary a«hw Salary 
uatur. a amStaSri 
to*"* 1 **® for Anmem A 
Owiantrr. Pwa nanwa A Wmpp. 
t tee Com. 02 73a ossz 

. onjnjL nriHSMic rwm/tyn, 
Td 10 0 Dm 01 202 4906. 

10 Tears expertise in 
International Bank 
based, seeks rewarding: 

fbent in fi lammigei 
Reply to BOX J76 l 

^oa/Ho wMMf aw a. Butko. 
Cbauffruna r- vruiut 
b«w An rvH. cbKfced. Coamv 
£*4 tor X3 mqMtvo. TO. 
Bggnnta Buna. OA*. Amx 

W ULw main law erwtuue Z3 
W«| spoken. Brian ap- 
E Sf g . »***» Wemung 

"reto; to BOX 168 
™re Euktup O r hotetor. X. M 
gy* wm nv oor Ini bowl co. 
S«*s rhattmgina. rtwanttia 
regnon ju H am o r A en-d in 
4UMT7- Rrply |o BOX J97 

company notices 



£7,000 - £7,500. 

trwnmt - team bkmvm wan 
cinant meareti. You wffl M 
immimian and same gnmi 
cormeoetonre. Hffiai 
ikmce uougbr wMenoad 
a luiauMgr of Frwncb. Ml 
SraWW and a dkn wflgif 
raMie are nst as imoorunc 
Sow marmona 6Q nmura. 
u-a Ate Z336. T w B eB . 
934 4512 Crone CortaU Re- , 
rroRnrrM Onununtv 

Mki« Man ot mrt co m Wo) 
London. Invotvcovrnl with Mb. 
bnw. waaew ewa nr. wt a 
a prrimTuan. C910K. no 
mw e Asm eras. 


As a hectic nan of con- 
sultants we need an . 
efficient, wed soofcen sec- 

retary cum aannstmvs 
apM 18-22. wen goon 
typing, common sense 
and Mtiathw. WP expert- ■ 
enca an advantage bat not 1 

David Marlow. District General Manager; would 
welcome informal enquiries on 01-743 2030 
extension 4001. 

Job description and further information available 
from District Personnel Department 
Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, 

London WI2 OHS (01-743 2030 extension 4016 or 
01-740 3009). 

P l m i Ml 

Julia Rh 
01 236 


lutty or: 

16 7307 

jam atm tcam uaaoa w* 
wm a harauiwiN a no ua. 
ieq Rrecercn Assntant/- 
Herman- to lake mmsMly 
uw an mda w n m e 
nwntwr Ot Our Watt Ena item. 
"*V mm oood tney. abort- 
rvantf uvnfia. m a nar of 
h e mn ur uedn- pmur Ate 

SS36 TOtpnonr 

Oone Cmhi Rmutraeni 

PA'S and SwtfUnn U you ran 
*dfr vourvU an *Me im* Rn 

iwriep SMU wfll HV you 
m, ram. not/b not pay mi 
uatn xenon VHP Finaouinian- 
to- rmgtoq Moire on Ol 229 
W* Orakt* omep ovariaao 

totoOUATCS Kith (KM 11 M 
swustor mnoorarv work m 

npn«nmmur orqaniuuqns. 
r»9 Pttmm TOm 
Aeencvl « bOt 13S1 

^^ HAH - WAV 
9*- DEBENTURE stooc 

« W " w «w“f 

ioternr on air 
sy"™’ stack will be oata on 
QrtrnitHH 1 V6 TmHiIh J m rff nr,l 
on OetoHr 3,1 rewrt 

Mrei m tow 25 1906. 

°gg-TV StatFTArrY 


MTUlUrr *■« Ena. Star 
un to HQ' hi oMOiaa to 

wire i»m »wwk» you 

moiH bax<-a( kaK DMW I^v 
d frwtirti and an anrrPoaMn 
of act Good amw of weece- 
UH and eurnl xxwUnal Haiti 
retiiMmt HrtWi aupmofma 
Dean- Mr. CiUian Pwnw. 
1«7 Nrv. bom arret.’ Lonoao 


Please send a detailed c.y., with the names 
of three referees, to the District General Manager 
by 10th October; 19R6. . 

Working towards equal opportunities. 

KMOMf mam 41 worn? Amis. ■ 
lam renurpa M latarmatm 
OreartmnH al StoChto ol OM 
Bnu* to ahw bimmk. 
Mini Mte mm. hr wrB 
n?adwd.irMaymreiiiia , 
astir TO Camdto asr 01-846 


WM8 maeimtoiKa »«U, 

ntapcoDb rad rmmend ffm.nn tlT VT ^ 

. new Tto to 


{tote * lU Mtr^SEfTfcSSSkb^L'^t ni 

n> M ol Ik Omf redDreS? : ■ “ ^ 


^ „ , v V' 


■unwn aw nte ng gy •* 

one year heamomg a,JAW 
1987 Av«a*e of f.Bhr 
Hamper W«* al S4 CO ajrijr 
atuv 82 Bonus per siull Apfto 
cants must be available tor ewe 
wnto training m eoly Decem- 
ber Pleas* apply » •*« 
haadwriing. Haling W m 
work experience A quaUfia- 
uons. nottoav 
munHi iwi te . CLOSING DATE 
to OCT 1986. Please wTlWto; 
Mrs. a Turner, room aa». can 
Aviation Amnqrny. Caa 
H ouse. T 416. 46-59 Kmgswny. 
LoMoa WC2B 6TE- 

Wf— M S reomred M 
year begtnoflig 2 JAN 1987 

. Average ollwb7.Bbr.shms Dm 
week ai £6.50 per hr. Plus £9 
Bonus per SMR. APPhebnto 
■nun br avaBabte for one ween 
■ratrung In early December 
PMsr apply in own mmw* 
lag. Mating age , sex, work 
experience A gnaHOmUona. 
ncirqav a amity cwnwHmwits 
IMr write in Mto*.P.WMA 
fDem ISL Ovt I Aviation Aw 
rboruy. CAA House. T.4 1 6. 45- 
09 Mnwww. London WC2B 

•wmowrewrem » 

{WPP ff|! ■ 9 ' : 

I IU>A ( ' M 

\ iCfOl s ' 

i • 

i - 

0 * 


I* R 



' fcSlU.S: 


rrouonl bv investment Men 
age mein Caauumr near SL 

Raid's re pros sir bm clean sec 

maul end edoiuanwe 

“ "««« uw ad Danbr. — 


TcScMMWsc/serreurv -Vanre 
Sums Oooo vlencUrd of edoca 
mm *v weu as usual wtan« 
vkdto Banr knowledge of 
rnMinKMul to noen appft- 

ranons please Mr* Dunn 
P mrua 147 ness BanO Street. 
London h t V OK\ 

eupport to (he afD amt Bocuabo 
Uanaoer Good all nod arc 
artr totutn sum and nraven 
irai h rereru required, fee some- 
tor svDHng lo becone-lolally 

msotsrd m small ana expand 
tog <omiHoi .Sidary- CMOO 
L, * benents PMo conun 
imbTatmaOUirt ! 

' —m e p 

P®®* dim ip duXD 



jw to" 

'. 'J 1 '! 

, } 

• • me i jLivuuo i nuivoL//\ % onr i r.iviDtxv 3.3 i ?oo 


tot i tui 


s lAVIM 

V ■ ' : VJSW. 


* ; 




Music Publishing - 

Music Limited, pan of tfw 
Chappell and Imersong Music 
Group, wish to recruit a Rovahv Man- 
ner for their 

te w 

sne wih m responsible for ensuring the 
“^rocei^ payment and 
of aa royalty transactions in the UK. a ' 
the cofiecuon of overseas royalties. 

a.wn« iprereraoty m music publishmq) 
and fdeafly a good fcnowledcrotfthe 
appncauon of computerised royalty/ ac- 
cwmng techniques. There w*£ Ktose 
^sotxwnh °Y ersea s Group sub-pubKsh- 
ere and the Copyright DepannST^ 

°^ T attractive salary and 
benefits' including annual bonus. 5 
weeks hoBday. LV. s. with further ca- 
.«rjfgwsp«s within this major 
international Organisation. 

. , with ftj|1 P® rs °f»al and 

career details to> 

' Barbara L Scott. 

Personnel Officer. 

CfiappeU Music Limited. 

. f29 Park Street, 

London. W1Y 3F A. 

Chappell Musie Limited 



Internationa Record Company 

qualified accountant with a minimum of 2 
years' sound experience at management level, 
preferably in the record industry, to work 
closely with managers at alt levels in the 
Popular Music Division. 

Reporting to the Financial Controller, the 
successful candidate will be responsible for 
the day-to-day F&A function of the Popular- 
Music Division in London, co-ordinating 
activities with our Hamburg and Baam 
offices. Duties will also include participation 
in business (Hanning, preparation of 
management information and evaluation of 
artist investment Applicants should possess 
excellent skills in communication and ideally 
be in their late 20s. 

Interested candidates should write enclosing 
full CV to: 

Joe Hamfyn. Personnel Officer, Polygram 
International Limited, 45 Berkeley Square, 
London WlX 5DB. 

F.D. Designate 

North London £20,000 + car 

With a record of confirm within six months red 
ued growth through progress mfo o genera* 
acquisition and expansion manogerotnt role, with on 
ot octmhes. Our dent eqiity interest in the neor 
now hos o turnover in ex- future, 
cess of E2m. Appkonts tee invited 

A Fxmnool Con t roler s from quofified occoun- 
sought to bofcmce the fonts oged 28 to 35 who 
monogement tram and to eon offer o practical ro- 
tate respanubftty lor al poach to occoutfing and, 
hnonoat and orfcnin Hr financial management in 
mmve octivitws os wd os the smoler company 
to strengthen cost control enmunment. 
and monogement report- , 

rig systems fisrArrher ^formation 

h a anfiopated that the eoff Briaa Cagaet FCCA on 
successful comfctote wJ 01-387 5400 or m ** to 
become France Orector hm at the atmass betow, 

financial Selection Services 



Staff Physiotherapist 
Staff Occupational Therapists 
New Zealand. 

The Wairarapa Hospital Board provides a 
comprehensive range of medical and allied serwres 10 a 
predommaffliy rural area of 44.000 people in the 
southeastern pan of the North Wand 

Our 192-bed base hospital is situated on an 

attractive, landscaped campus in the town of Mascnon 
which offers access to a wide range w recreatronal 
sporting and leisure opportunities: it s whin range or 
North island ski fields and dose to the ones of 

F^merston Nonhand Wellington. „ 

There are three full-time positions available on our 
ctoi-ftniiteam: . 

1. Staff Physiotherapist to provide a bro^ 

spectrum of seances to medical, surgical and maternity 
wards, plus I.C.U. and outpatients. ■ 

2. Staff Occupational Therapist with our psychiatric 
service, being established early in 1987. 

3. Staff Occupational Therapist on our 


„ umi ?oahn ri oua mnno boaro. . . . 

to neaouatmg suirane 


aie available horn: 

The Chie; Executive. 

Wairarapa Hospital Board. 

F.0 Bex 96, 

Masienon, New Zealand 

Therapist at Charge Physiotherapy 
on (59* S2-099 

Wairarapa Hospital Board! 



Outstanding opportunities 
for your® professionals 

The Clients 

• International investment banks 

• Major UK stockbrokers 

The Role ‘ ’ 

•Mergers and Acquisitions 
•New Issues 

• Management Buyouts 

• Corporate Advisory Work 

■ - The Candidate 

-- •ACA. Solicitor oc Barrister, soon to qualify or 
recently qualified 

• Training with a major professional practice 
•Aged 24-27 years 

• Graduate with first class academic background 
• Strong intei pers onal stalls 

The Rewards 

•An opportunity to be at the forefront of the City revolution 
•Involvement in die immediate and future decision-making 
process of major corporations 

• Clearly defined long term prospects in a challenging and 
highiy competitive environment 

• High basic salary in addition to bonus and other substantial 
banking benefits 

To discuss further a career in corporate finance, please 
contact Lindsay Sug den ACA on 01-404 5751 , or write to 
Michael Page City, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH 
enclosing a curriculum virae. Strict confidentiality assured. 

international Recruitment 

London Brussels Netribrk Paris Sydney 
A member of Addison Qnsafancy Group PLC 



£14,000 -£15,000 neg South-East 

Dussek Campbell, a part of the Buimah Oil Group, 
markets a range of wax and oil-based compounds and 
a variety of timber preservatives under the well-known 
Soligmrm name We are seeking a management 
accountant to develop our management information 
systems and to co-ordinate financial projections, 
budgets and the financial input to strategic plans. 

Reporting to the F i nancial Controller of Burmah’s 
Coaling Division, you will have prime responsibility 
for management accounting within the UK company 
and a co-ordinating role for the Division worldwide 
Activities could range from in-depth analysis of 
regular monthly financial performance to financial ' 
appraisals of any projects related to the varied 
activities of the company. 

Candidates should be graduates aged 25 to 35 
who are at least part-qualified accountants. You 
should possess proven communication skills and, 
ideally, experience of using IBM PC/System 36 
software. You must have experience in working with 
reporting systems within an industrial organisation. 

Success in this role could lead to career 
advancement within the Buxmah Group. 

Situated within the London Borough of Bexley, 
there is easy access both to the M25/M2 motorways 
and to Central London. 

Please apply, enclosing full cv, to the Resources 
Manager, Dussek Campbell limited, Thames Road, 
Crayford, Kent DAI 4QJ. 





An excellent opportunity for the ambitious Advances 
Executive to capitalise on experience by moving to 
our client, a Major US Banking Group. The post 
involves the analysis of proposals regarding secured 
and unsecured loan applications and consequent 
recommendations for actios. Candidates will have at 
least 5 years lending experience of which our cl ents 
would expect to find three years credit analysis, pref- 
erably connected to consumer lending (both Small & 
Big ticket) and some knowledge of automated mort- 
gage processing systems. Experience of the US 
Banking environment would be an advantage but by 
no means essentiaL A comprehensive benefits pack- 
age, consistent with the banking world can be offered 
and the salary will be commensurate with a post of 
this levcL Age c 25, 

For further details and first interview please contact: 


on the telephone number below’ or 
write enclosing foil CV. 

Crawford Recruitment Services Limited 
Walmar House, 288 Regent Street, London W1R SHE 
01-631 5045 

UK Banking 

Corporate Business Managers 

Up to £30,000 

- We invite applications for sacral key positions at manager level within a major European bank which has a long 
established presence m the UK. The Bank has a reputation- for innovative financing techniques, and having 
restructured its activities in tine with market developments, is now embarking on an aggressive expansion 
programme. It Therefore seeks several corporate business managers who will have responsibility for identifying 
potential clients and marketing both to them and to the existing client base, a comprehensive range of services 
including debt, liquidity, interesr race and currency managements 

The successful candidates, probably aged 25-33, will currently be involved in marketing ro medium and large 
corporate clients at a senior level and should ideally have 3-5 years’ banking experience in this sector. Strong 
credit appraisal and interpersonal skills are required, together with a bread knowledge of the latest banking 
products and an ability ro make an early contribution to the Bank's expansion programme- 

An attractive salary package is offered including profit-sharing and the usual bank benefits . Promotion prospects 
are excellent. 

Those interested should contact Fiona Coflins on 01-404 5751 or write, to her enclosing a CV. at 39-41 Parker 
Street, London WC2 B 5LH, quoting reference 3673. 


Michael Rage City 

Internatkmal Recruitment Consultants -London Brussels NewYbrk Paris Sydney 
A member of Addison Consultancy Group PIC 

Excellent Career Move 

Eurobond Settlements 


Our client, a successful and dynamic Japanese Securities House, are seeking to 
appoint a person with managerial qualities to lead an expanding Bond Settle- 
ments section. 

Applications are. invited from motivated and able candidates, aged 25-30, with 
wide experience in all aspects of Eurobond Settlements. - 
A highly competitive salary and benefits package is offered. 

David Bennett, 


35/36 Gnat Ma rlborough Street, 
London W1V 1HA, 
or telephone 01-434 4028 

Please write in confidence ux 



Recruitment Consultants 

Better sour connections 

a record of achievement is 
finance/accountancy recruit- 
ment, offer high potential plus 
the personal qualities essential 
to success, and seek fast track 
prospects coupled with ex- 
cellent rewards. 

Not all recruitment companies are the same . . . 

WE are a young but rapidly YOU are under 30, have 
expanding finance/accountancy 
consultancy, have a first cfess 
reputation, offer an environ- 
ment conducive to thfr most 
ambitioas, and seek nothing less 
than pie-enimence in the market 

If our cofpoiate philosophy and objectives coincide with your 
personal profile and ambitions, WE should be talking. With on 
target earnings of arotmd £25,000 phis car (consisting of a generous 
five figure basic salary pins quarterly bonuses) can YOU seriously 
afford to ignore th^ontstandingopportnnities? 

Not all reenritment companies are the same: YOU owe it to your- 
self to find out why. 

Call me, John Constable, (in the evenings/at weekends 549 5519) or 
write briefly endosihg a CV and out of hours number. 


-? V, ri\ a 4 A“ 7 eiec--'cn>? C- 2-2 8 ’ 0 2 




We are a well established design, 
manufacturing & retail company 
involved in ladies high fashion. We 
require a dynamic professional with 
creative flair to take overall 
responsibility of the daily running, 
development and organisation of the 
company head office in East London. 
The successful applicant most be at 
least part qualified with a sound 
practical understanding of computers. 
Considerable work experience within 
manufacturing industry is essential. 
Salary Circa £20,000 per annum with 
fringe benefits & excellent career 

AS applications m confidence to . : 
‘Gina’, 12 Ealing Broadway Shopping 
Centre, Ealing, London W5. 


OXFORD £16,000 + Car 

A well established, rapidly expanding, multi- 
national publishing group with several- 
European locations wish to recruit a part 
qualified accountant or administrator with an 
accounting background for their new (J JC. 

The position reports directly to the Managing 
Director and involves the management of the 
accounting, computer, order processing, and 
warehouse functions. Additionally the post 
requires the Implementation and development 
_\ of computer systems. 

Candidates should be aged 25-35; possess, 
accounting/staff management experience and 
have a keen interest in computers. 

A prime opportunity too for strong career 
growth within a successful and fast moving 
organisation. For further details call Sheila 
Williams on 01 -629 4463 or write to bar at the 
address below. . . 





Highly progressive and successful group with extensive leisure industry, involvement, 
currently seek an excellent Finance Manager. Commercial flair and first grade technical 
accounting abilities will enable you to assume full responsibility for a rapidly expanding 
profit centre. 

Top remuneration and benefits package. Phone 01-499 6822. 



High profile position within feading UK publishing group. Reporting to Board level, your 
portfolio will encompass a wide and varied range of financial accounting assignments. 
Considerable financial management of overseas subsidiaries (c30), including some travel. 
One of top 10 publishing houses. Ideal first move from profession for candidates in mld/late 
20’s. Phone 01-499 6822 

For an initial discussion telephone Rory Macmillan MA on 01-499 6822 

ACCOUNTANCY ^ > 9 weeadwy 

International Recruitment Consultants 



omrrt Cl J.OOO+ aj,’ 
C.inik>iili« s>»M»-nr. and Finaiwt 
Htaisr rnUrrtlnns I'xpcTinncp rs 
-^•nlut I* I LMd dl -493 
HO'd Dili,)' HI Rev Con-, 


ami ill iii nuilli ntdtl rompam 
h.r<^l ,il Luuqlllon UouM mkI 
• uuainirii or pan quauin-n p,f 
-on Tri.-wh.ino Ol SOB 5174 


Suannw | IV'» drrt 1 To 

rJO.ow pj oil Qi-joi 
dUM v* 

iimi «i.iii. .ill nr^or*-. CMv f, noo 
01 aru 4S5A C-irroiokia 


SiibH pri r\i»iwno> not 
smlLd -I'TS-rrlD.’ 

iinith. ., idh-iHTMin Rrt MR 
T-l IK? I 1 ? 5 !- 



- Hr* York 
•HM-nimr. Ml (IivcioIiimh ti 
pi-I.H-s r.-InlUur'-rd - f \ in 
H-mir-Uidi. PO Bh\ ?M. R., 

tin.Cili Hl.ii.nii \n* ’i ork. %'S 



circa. £12,000 pa West End 

The Chairman and Managing Director of a busy West End advertising 
agency are looking for an experienced private secretary. Good short- 
hand and typing (WPj speeds are essential. Literacy and good spelling 
are Important as the candidate win generate certain correspondence 

Tidy, efficient filing and sound office organisational skills are required. 

Interest in theatre and films an advantage. , . . . . 

Good speaking voice, easy telephone manner and Charm vital to Keep 
wheels running smoothly in demanding and idiosyncratic company. 

We look forward to receiving your written application- (with good 
references enclosed), detailing your skills. ' 

This should be addressed to: 

' Mary Williams, Dewynters Ltd., 

38 Dover Street, London W1X 3RB. 


£ 12,000 

A ne of the largest record producers 
V* in the country seeks an experi- 
enced senior secretary to their chair- 
man. This position carries a great 
deal of responsibility as you provide 
excellent PA support, liaise with cli- 
ents and -run- his very busy office. 
Benefits include 5 weeks holiday and 
free concert tickets.' 100/60 skills 
needed. Age ideally 25-35. Please 
telephone 01 240 3511. 

• Elizabeth Hunt 


Bedford Street London WC2 


Contmnca or next pay 


HH 'i jiyjf>> iHUj^DAV j£jrAt:i»iBtiv 2.5 i96o . 


High Court Judges 
Legal secretaries, yes 



£ 10 , 500 + 



Thte is the sort of person we're looking for 
to join us at the Department of Energy. 

WO now have a number of openings 
for Shorthand and Audio secretaries to 
work for some of our senior people. These 
are very responsible jobs doing interesting 
and varied work of national importance. 

To apply you should be 18 or over and 
have at least 2 years' recent secretarial 

Applicants should be able to type 
30wpm and lOOwpm shorthand, or audio 
equivalent He. able to transcribe a 
360 word tape dictated at I20wpm in 
20 minutes). 

Your starting salary will be between 
£8,072 p.a.- £8,602 p.a. rising to £9,291 
p.a. Opportunities to earn a further £1,240 
p.a. for higher typing, audio and shorthand 
speeds (via proficiency tests) will bring 




Required for wnall London Rep. Office oTlufe overseas company 
I Klims medical equipment on the report market 
The successful applicant must have excellent sbonhaad/rypmg/ 
idex skills (no WPL The work is '•cry varied and notvrautme. and 
mil eventual!) involve a substantial amount of administration as 
•wrll as dealing with diems. 

The positron requires a mature person aWe to accept 
responsibility, and to work alone in a busy office - particularly 
during the Manager's frequent absences abroad. 

Would soil applicant 25+ prepared to be named. 

Office near Harrods. Salary negotiable 

CK to be tad to: 


53 Brampton Road, 

London SW3 1DP. 

your salary to a maximum of €10.531 jxa. 

Proficiency Tests may be taken at any 

Excellent benefits include generous 
holidays, season ticket loans, non- 
contributory pension, and an active sports 
and social club. We can even help with 
reasonably priced accommodation. 

Like to know more? Telephone Robert 
Kipps on 01-21? 4780 or write to: 
Department of Energy; Room 1532, 
Thames House South. Millbank. London 

Department ) 

An equal opportunities employee 

CIRCA £8,500 

Good all rounder required for small West 
End PR company to work for MD and two 

Must be well organised, able to work on own 
initiative and nave fast, accurate typing. 
Audio and WP an advantage- 

CV’s fust to:- 





No agencies. 




A wry femora com- 
pany a abort flttll 
&TUI Cavern Garden, 
tbc river and the beau- 
tiful leafy fim« of 
Co art. You will befcp 
their charming and re- 
laxed Saks Director 
liaise with publicity 
« »j p, n t wyt maintain 
telephone at a 

senior kvd. Good 
skills needed. Valuable 
be uefi t s hidiak mort- 
gage bonus. 

of Bond St. 

fH c urt ma fit C on s ul tins 

'' m SS.*~dvuham*a 

2ad Jobber 

Yon won't get boxed in 
this top, Skane Street 
property co mp a n y. 
Coocenrotng cm fist 
acrttr aec typing in a 
young, fim environ- 
ment is difficult but 
before year Sng e t* 
seize up, it will be 
i rw on and away to 
risk a p w aii g t prop- 
erty with ooc of tbc 
fnmi i |mwi Rlllty 
f honhand 

of Bond St. 

neemtmam Coniunanti 

'' w aiwWn fw 



£&jm+ ■ 

A tip-top receptionist 
is rcqtmcd by j very 
up-market estate 
agency in the City. 
Ilsey haw lots of Ryle 
mid are homed in 
beautiful offices. £2S0 
**i»t allowance to 

^ibM , y rm to mm p ie. 

mem their very smart 
reception Yob win 
grm there very zmpor *- 
oun diem. Switch- 
board and typing 
knowledge usefuL Age 

of Bond St. 

R«ci,iR<t«t ContultaaK 

>' •- « Umrn+M 

PERSONNEL assistant 

Bring your 

secretarial slrills to Personnel 

Weybridge cJi8,000 

Cullens te an exatiQg new concept in quality ret»Ung- 

this year, with many more p fannril in 1987- _ 

An opportunity now exists within die PfcrsoQnel 
function at our Head Office in Weybridge, Surrey for a 
Personnel Assistant to take responsibility for the 
adatinjUatioo nf pay and conditions for our 1,000+ staff. 
ftu» ideal - candidate will have fast-class secretarial 



\aT// Self-motivated, flexible and enthusiastic parson 
required to provide secretarial/ record-keeping ser- 
vices to organisation involved in study/travel activities in 
London. Ability to work in bus y surroundings essential. Good 
typing and word-processing necessary, bookkeeping experience an 
advantage. Candidates must be numerate with good attention to 
detail- Salary £8,400 pa. phis bonus, free lunches provided. 
Candidates should telephone: JiQian Goudie, The American Insti- 
tute for Foreign Study, 37 Queens Gate, London SW7 5HR, OX- 
581 2733 for further details. 

a pecsopiMd. environment. 

Ihis position offers ample scope for 
development in a personnel role. 

Interested? Then please sand your c.v. 
to Caroline Davies, Cullens Stores, 

Chantr ry House, Church Street, 

Weybridge, Surrey 



Leading National Estate Agents based 
near Odtord Circus require 2 secretaries. 

Good audra typing speeds and 
telephone manner essential. 

Please telephone Maggie Bunting on 
01-499 6353 


19-24 Saint George Street 
Hanover Square 
London W1R 9RE 

(No Agendas] 


requlmd lor buoy Medco- 
Legal practice in SWf. 
Vmd woik end the sttty 
io work by oneself 

Fleam sewfCV to BOX JIB 


need shorthand 
Secretary /Receptionist 
(exp prefered). with 

2Q plus, o weeks 
holidays, hours 10am - 
7pm. Salary £7,500 neg. 

Tel 01-736 6304 


I am emigrating to Australia in the middle of November 
and have promised my boss that I will find him a 

He is. the extremely buss' senior partner of* well known 
architectural practice at the Angel. Islington. He needs an 
experienced per s o na l assistant. Apart from the usual secre- 
tarial skills ( 1 00/ 60 and IBM WP very useful), a high degree 
of connninmeai is required as well as an ability to wort on 
your own initiative and an excellent telephone manner. 
Although it b hard wo*, there is never* dull moment and 
I thoroughly epjoy h. 

Salary £10.000 jxjl 
Please scad me ware C Vj- 

Darfe Stone, 33 Upper Street London N1 OPN 
Tet 01 226 9708 


MmsUng and wried into as Snoetsy to hamtoooa) tore Buwnss 

Calling All 

Mange nl Top Tn M Aw. Research. adnw. rttnxtment enormous 
a oxnm toaon. may shorttond, 2<+. 


Entrde for ambitious Individual to corpor ate finance career. 



Multilingual P.A. to 
Company Chairman 


We have a variety of sriretaiial vxcanries in- the City 
and West End of London. Salaried ^zange of £7000 - ■ 
£11,000 dependent on etperi e tire , status and 


Lady Sec waft good shorthand to 
Protbcmn Manager. Scope » 


Pubhshnq Horn tar toeir 
postal a good caw 

PA TO DESIGNER £12 .000 wag 

Command PA to |or MP Design Gonmtacy for tom ChBman. Good 
shafts Md oufgong personality - ntrematy motaop pntoM. Age 25+. 

Shartband/DECmaie Sec £11.000 

Group S*** — - f.ifloofl 

Wang Sec—. — ... - — £8 750 

College Leaser Se c ... - ,—£7250 

Our ctienta are pntiriooi and therefore we are 
only the best. All offer excellent compan y proa 

CaD 01-837 0111 for farther detaik 


s ASu§e^¥^^pS^ I HEAD HUNTERS 

London EC2 £1 4,000- £1 6,000 


We invite ^rpheation s from candidates (27-45) with practical experience of running an 
office, sound commercial understanding and a secretarial background. A 
business-related degree will be an advantage. The successful appficant wdl report to the 
Chairman and Managing Director and wiB be reapon s ibte tor the smooth running of this 
independent unit, which has modem equipment and the support of a large corporate 
finance department Shorthand and typing skBte are necessary, but the emphasis is on 
telephone contact with a broad range of clients, administ rat ive ab®y and company 
research (training uriU be green). Total discretion, style and social state, the abBity to 
astomUato quickly and the mental agttty tor this fast-moving environment are the qualities 
we seek. InKiei remunerahon is negotiable EJ4.00O-Cl6.0tX) +■ Non-Con Pension, 
bonus, BUPA, etc. AppbcaUons in strict confidence under reference EAMA675/TT to the 
Managing Director* 

CMHB t Jj| Mtl M TOUn reBggMittt»U«rrBI,|«g CWHrB I B rrCB«M7MIR. 


TBJEX: 8873T4. FAX: ttl-ISS 1501 

* Salary £14,000 p.a. 

* Car allowance £3,000 p.a. 

* Fringe Benefits 

Fast growing dynamic international leasing and brokerage company 
require an EXPERIENCED PA. for the company chairman in Lon- 
don. The position wffl involve secretarial duties so shorthand and 
typing are essential Suggested age Is 25-35. Candidates should be 
fluent in other French or German - fluent in both a considerable 

Candidates should be prepared to travel to Germany or France 
when necessary. 

Please send CV in confidence to: 


WCi c£ 10,000 4 bonuses 

An experienced secretary with a confident 
and professional manner and a good level of 
numeracy (even perhaps some basic book- 
keeping skills) is urgently required to work 
alongside the two Directors of a young and 
expanding consultancy. This is a wide-rang- 
ing role providing considerable responsibly 
and scope tor working on own Initiative. 

Call Nell Wax or Brian Cognet 

01-387 5400 

(or out of hours on 0923 
43033 / 720284 ). 

The Chairman 
1CA Europe Ltd 
195 Knightsbridge 
London SW7 1RG 




To Chairman/ 
Managing Director 
TO £11,000 

Required for International firm of Architects in 
IV Excellent secretarial skills and word pro- 
cessing experience essential. Responsible 
position requiring well educated candidate with 
tact and ability to work well under pressure. 
Contact with clients, confidential board matters 
and substantial PA responsibilities. Age approx 
28 ■ 35 years. 

Please write enclosing CV to: 


Ground Floor. 18 Stukelev Street. London WC2 


The Chairman of a 
reading In ter nat ional 
company raqurea a 
poised and 
professional PA to 
became fuBy involved in 
fus business and social 
activities. He is involved 
to developing business 
lor the company and 
has a very wide range 
of interests. As he 
delegates much of his 
work to ins PA. you wM 
be exp ected to 
antidpatB Ins every 
move, as w»| as co- 
ordinating his beetle 
schedules and baaing 
wqh in tern ati o n al 

Obviously a position et 
this levs! requires an 
out a t an dtoa pa wWt 
consaeraoe senior- 

lewat experience. 
State. 90/50 Agc25-35 


j 726 8491 



The successful appScant must have a minimum of 10 years experience 
with an extensive knowledge of shipping documents, documentary credit 
and off ic e m a nagement 

Shorthand, typing (Imperial Typewriter) and telex operation are essential. 
Age 27-40. 

Salary in circa £12£00 pjt, according to age and exp e rience. 

Please send CV to: 

G.B.1. International Ltd., 

143a, Knightsbridge, 

London SW1 


A challenging opportunity has arisen in a leading firm of Arctmecis which is 
achieving continuing rapid growth. The Practice wishes to strengthen its Manage- 
ment Team by appointing an Office Administrator who must posses the necessary 
personality to deal with dynamic and independently minded Partners responsible 
for business generation. 

The successful candidate's key objectives wifi be 10 promote profitability, sound 
adimmstraiion. Practice promotion and to liaise with the Partznsfaip Secretary 
based in the Sooth Coast office on all matters of financial pfenning and control 
Applicants should be young and enthusiastic with relevant qualifications such as 
MSA or similar, several years experience in broadly refeted work and proficient in 
the use of appropriate software applications. A flexible approach and expertise in 
Staff management arc essential. 

Details to: Max Mafia 

Leslie Jove*, 3/4 Bentmck St, London WIM BEN 


To join oor small and hard ■working team in W1 
bead office. Excellent audio and word processing 
drills esseotiaL Suit adaptable, calm and 
organised person. Salary commensurate with ex- 
perience. Write to Managing Director with CV. 

Elliott Property and Leisure 
Group Limited 

31 SC George Street, London W1R 9FA 

A Challenge? 

Personal Secretary 

Salary up to £10,735 pjl 

An Mthustostic and dynamic sacratary is required to work to ffa 
Asssant Dtenict Genera! Manager to ft* Chief Executives 
De pa rtme nt 

Fast shortftand/typing. s ptaassra -tetaphone w a rrar and a 
sense of humour are required. 

The rotoy » use a Wang Wort Processor i«»*J tie an acVar>- 
taga although fuS traaang wB be provldsd. 

Good Batson state. Mttath*. common sense arid me aotoy to 

1430001 Molai Street 
Lndw W1 
408 1556 

RBUis to tea t Cmm Aw t i 


Intdligent Se cr et ar y and Personal Assistant required 
for Managnw Kimor. able to take charge of small 
and lively Head Office of Property and Building 
Company is Chelsea. ZmerestiM and varied work. 
Previous experience cssentiaL Top salary. 

Write with full details of experience and qoalifka- 
tjoos to Romulus Coosmictton Lid_Lodge House. 
Beaufort Sl, London SW3 SAJ. 

£12,000 + BONUS 


Wwfaixng tow awptoy rate rotes W «h WP mim 



a:. a, i , i m;, i ;i. . 

dial Tofts. Peraomsl Officer on Ot 377 1 
dosing date October 9th 1986. 


£ 12,000 

Small young property company requires on ex- 
perienced PA/Secreiary age 25-45. non 
smoker, with initiative, intelligence, flexibility 
and self motivation to re-organise and run 
iheir office systems, provide an efficient admin 
and secretarial service and become fully in- 
volved in the many facets of this successful and 
expanding business. 

Baker & Clark Property Development, 
29 St Stephens Gardens, 
London. W2 SNA 
01 221 8779 

C. £12,000 

3m )Oi taffy BJOJMJU} ZSJ a- 

end by toe nun: d uartnB " 

Hqti F«aKxv Our den a a 
presage Vernon Capo! ooera- 
W> amOr eq »»on g pact? 
mstet dwe ta wi t Tbs a ■ 
pique cwwrtWHy tax an anta* 
ms PA io reause loro arm 
career masons and flndm By 
dim a*j) to m ns ndaonal 
seotenal rale ononis co» 
Mnai aavea. CmMSm our 
HPESrsl Softs eapM 
■•to a strong aai ws oa n w 
tochgraund. Aps e. 2S 
rtene caM 0VS71 SMS 
Cravfanf SecraHteeat 


PresapciB Wine Company o 
Miyfw rooms a *aB 
yarn d. caiAtod fltetetoa- 
bL McubH and «e> swfen 
wo mat beadle n eomwn 
«uway «i into rbh a 
GaWW, contonog bb «Bb 
year socal graces as you tan 
at al Ml Age. Z2-Z6. 


Jfeuuilui pd Cnmirftiiife 


m swi 

We are foofong fw a |W- 
son w* manaeeroJ 

quaHte to supervise/ 

manage a small indepen- 
dent Trevri Agency, 
Appficants must have 
IATA/ABTA QuaStafons 
and enjoy bekmprg to a 
hard worimg teaa We 
an offering an attractive 
salary wft passAtiRS of 
a bonus and perils. 
01-834 2450 


Our expanding property 
company is offermg a di- 
verse and challenging 
posrOOR to a respoosihle. o~ 
toent enttuBiastic person, 
who would be required & 
coordinate office lettings 
and chent liaison wfttm our 
business centres. Salary 
cE 10.000 p.a. Excellent 
prospects lor the right 

Contact Aageia Feteou 

01-602 7181. 


£10,500 pa 

Required by firm of shipping surveyors in ECL 
Successful ca nd ida te most have top lend secre- 
tarial skills including a thorough knowledge of 
WP (Wordstar 2000) and Cheetah telex com- 
bined with initiatve and entlmsiaan. 

HISS SIMMONS ON 01 251 S553 


sens g r a d u a te PA. with WJ*. experience, tsood tete- 
■phoae mbht, nmnteate. weD n mrA^ 

sMiiy £ 10 . 000 + negotiable phs mad ptim 
Telephone 01-409 1908 
(no agencies) 


•quires Girlftttav for on 


A temporary to per man en t position has arisen with a 
targe City bank fern young wsfl educated Secretary to 
work at Director level Wort processing experience » 
essential and duties wfl be m ta estiny and varied 

£10,000 + BQfERTS .. . 


m it d . 

A fmu company In 
lovely SL James's is 

waking a senior pa/ A s- 

01 283 6984 



MD of too PR Co requires 
e xp erienced secretary. 9* 
presentable. mP spoken, •*- 
fletonr person aqed bwrew 
24 and 27 yean who down* 
mind hard work wffirlong. 
ho rns with to e fnaruBy epro- 
fenionel team. 

saury circa tsm 


01 588 6722 


Kequres Sri Frida, for gw- 
grel secretsrtto and 
reception duties. Not stit- 
ate far toe ti obtiy or kte 
experience hetofuL 

0300 + MANY PERKS 

RU& 01 247 0982 




^,^8= ftppetty Octet- 
°P.«nwit Company rc- 

S a a PA for the Senior 
cutive heading up 

7^ represents ao oppor- 

8 bifgto. gdf 
» become fuDy 
afl aspect* of 
bram cM. mcMug 

small Offinr * 

^+«0 W p m «yph* 


, i h ifi ; i. rip lpk i . tee,* i S 

A large intemaijonal City company are looking for a 
senior shorthand secretary. Apat from your good shon- 
band and typing skSBs they also require a good oiganiser 
and a business acumen. Extremely plush offices. 
<£9,500, subskfiaed restaurant and the normal large 
company benefits. 

Please call See Pem b a nm, P erswac l Appnhtaantr oe 
01-242 0785 (24 fare usmrpbooe). 

:5ttPETS i 

Nil C!1e? ! 

Mtsz i 

*01-73! 254J J 

‘^■i \ -V v 






r I 

meal in writing phase include 
PARTMENT. If you hove anj 
queries or problems rdating to 
your advertisement tax* ii ha» 
appeared, please conusi our 
- Cummer Service* Department 
by (efephwc on 01-481 4100. 



IlNtrprudnil. strertiveu- aiu 
tueui huH hto ^ a to ™ 
lumllj- Hrtp BAA*’ tind fim 
one wim a tfonauoti in Hoorn 
S’! BrMIrtl Awnck-s /£ AUoS 
von jujd rmufrtnp. it sSSK 
work Strm London set 100 

VoK 10 dnrlw uiooorl oi hm 
lorrps LVS.A.A.S nTtO EWD- 
pran lorn*, lo tuppon our work 
wim rtubtlMi at rwv Auv 
3®A MU Inn SI. MOrllwnuHrai 
in 000*407074 

SPEDOHW ■ Happy BlrUwiay 
Allan bprddinn, Mourr oftiw 
Cnwmtcrs and oicunibl. Bn or 
Irv M under. an lout . From Dr 
Jonn M Rigaotl 

IfflntH Himunxl As. 1 rh 
CIwuiivi Non rritorou* luiwrai 
nook £? from BH.\ 1 3 Pnnrr or 

todln Trvr WO. 

mnnu mcunvE& 

MOV lor Uw Hrtp 1 bp Aged Ml 
trniwfflnil In i mj/ . 
Appo mimmui w tion. 

THE WOOMWPFE Srtioot. Lsuk 
R mk Reunion Saturday 27m 
Srptnutir Tel Limn 5445 for 


FOR A H PW LAR pan-lunr 

Homr ctranlnn Sffi Irr by rrtj. 
able cumiv hem rmirai areas 
dtuTI delay another day phone 
AKpoCoMlimuliCMp. aqy 1 
on 01 730 8122 now (24 HRSl 

CAPITAL CV« prepare high quail- 
is- rumrulum slum. 61-007 

then aiaUablr. Full make-up A 
dressing lanhUnOi 082 578a 
lor details ll-9pm Mon-Trl. 

FRIENDSHIP, Los-r or Mamaor. 
All ages, nrcas. paieime. m 
1 OI 61 S3 AUngdon Road. Loo- 
don W 8 . Tel: 01-938 1011 

CALIBRE CVS Ltd professional 
rumrulum s Liar documents. 
Ortalh. 01-631 358$. 

rug. repaired. Personal Sers m 
Can anyumr OI 3*9 9978. 

irddUrtioiM (or I he unattached. 
68 Maddox Street. London Wi 
Telepho ne OI .193 9937 

FORMER Chief Exeeulu r sun «i- 
riqeur at 66 finds retirement 
baring Oilers nigh k-iet enlre- 
prmrunal skills lor commercial 
and/or charitable purposes. 
Now resMenl South WMrs bid 
willing jrairt. Reasonable 
rxsensessand remuneration ex- 
peeled Reptv IO BOX BM 


CONVEYANdHQ by fully ouall- 
I ird Soli ru or* £180 « VAT and 
standard dtsbursemetus nog 
0704 314398. 


£25 per oz up 10 paid tor si her 
‘ nrliries £260 per or lor gold. 
All diamond lewrnerv bought 
All Hart 01 960 8030 Or WHIP 
Sol Harrow Road. London. 
W4 All England rosered 
costs - COM. SHter. 
Sluqlex/CollraKUis Pun-nan- 
rash Private 01-606 1168. 
FORD Surra Estate required. 
Low mileage One oiwner. 
Please irtephone oi 99* 6309 



hHUlon storks at I7ln £ 18th 
renlurv repttca lumiture for 
immediaie delis erv inrludlng 
Arlhui Brril. Turhnursft A 
Goodwin. sum Tillman. 
Neiifrbea. near Henley on 
Thames (049H 641116. 

Bournemouth i0?02i £93580. 
Tupvhanu Oeion 10592S7) 
7445 Berkeley. Ckw i04S3t 
81095 2 

FINEST quality wool curnrK. ai 
I r.tde wires and under, also 
•it.iitaMP IOOV. extra. Large 
room sue remnants under half 
normal pure Chaitoery Carpets 
01 4<t5 0463 

twhnol PeTinirmna Arts iritari- 
k ne 7926101 has limned no 
besi si.xii urkrfs Fn 30rt Phan 
mm oi the Opera coo each Tel 
OI 381 9318 



Special Offer 

Wentsworm fine British Wtom 
RU, wool 20 % nytorv. Ven 
heavy wea gate 12ft Mfe 

12 pum ratouis mm stock. 
[1335 per sq yd + VAT 

255 Hew Wags Read 
Parsons Green, SW8 

Tab 01-731 2588 
free EsHnatBS-bpan Who 






Maries Glow 

25 ftar Antriveisaiy Apjieal 



Ybur support 0 vital to the 
eontmumg research mto the 
problems of niecwn of 
transplants Ol Meal- 
comfi and skin, treatment of 
burns, and me causes oi many 
sffous tkseases. fajrnled m 
memory of So Arcltoaid 


Deaattos N MguN (HreDK 

EAST grjnsteao medical 
c*n amtfllld . « Sana*. BHW30Z 

VN Give Direct 
T o Cancer 
iS Research 

» WtihB50waen»*v. . 

Ki-hm. un»in out 
nun lAnwenncs » WCT ' ,yiA " ol 
\nK JoilJllOllIH 1 p*FX 
Jitrtlh inrcvinh. 

Vmlin.lW Tl.Luiuifii' Inn Kid*- 




lu Box-W- 

Bm Km Qtf* 

Rta.h.9K ■» -•« -J 

British Heart”" 

The heart research 

1C2 Gloucester place. 4DK 


fill °" r «ienb 

WM.l r«th <urep led. 01828 
™» 1795- IMG- Other 


■rawer* for any event, cats, 

SOTfiHl L -' n Chew. ln% 
All Ihfwln- MO yoom 

T C r 8 ?>'«>l%/ta»0498. 

'If* l Visa / Dinm 

“■""BAY D«fE T One Kiniiw 
tals? dav UlPV wwre- 

»»m. e ta 50 0492 51303 
WWFMR* LtUeti tit- tech Zoom t 
LtUargrmetu Copktt^ 

• ,S«Wt«T « TRADE 

. PHICES 01-370 6327 

‘s !r slb £r “ 

ciwoi “ ncw 

SJ. etc NaUonwtde 

T«fc 103809 860039 

c ** e * 5 - Le* mi*. An me- 

AUv* and i nori Ta 499 1763. 
Alt mw rredn rds 

NMn. Medium sttedupngM. la 
HM* rnnd. Tuned. C460 Can 
anwqedpinrrv 01-453 0148. 
70MI FLAPSTONjes for pattm A- 
iJ'rw.-W'vUquutoUpnsake TeL 
fat aaa oeei/ogi 231 eras. 





rredtt over 1 year <APR Val. 
Low Interest rates over 2 yean 
■ APR 9.&WI & 3 year* iapr 
W rlhen ouolatlDns. 
Tree Catalogue. 30a Hlghgatr 
Roa d. NW S. 01-267 7671. 

2 BSAimniL BrmMnGrastt. 
muslrtam Insmjmenls, good 
pnev (or qwrk sale. 586 4981. 


LONDON/Lm Angeles Exchange. 
My luxury one bedroom apart- 
ment Central London land 
Jaguar-?! lor anartmcnl or 
house in LA preferably Holly- 
wood Hills -Air 612 months 
commencing Nov/Dec 86. 
Phone or write T. Robertson. 
Cracks 90 Lid. 66/68 George 
SI. London VVIH 6RC. Ol 936 

EXCNAN8E Debentures at Car 
dMir Arms Park for stntBar at 
Twickenham BOX B19 ■ 


CLAPHAM Common female o/r 
man- G/h flat wim odn. n/s 
near cuuon C200 ncm + bills, 
■riot 726 2711 days 223 8309 

WOODFORD F. N/S. O/R. share 
I in quin flat. 30 mins city. 
£220 pm loci Day 01 -437 9915 
ex 29. Alter 6 M 01 606 6635. 

SWtl 3rd oerson la share house 
Own room £40 pw pxcl TbI 
686 1642 aner 6 om. 

2 bMb required 10 share a spe- 
ctous bedroom In large 
Baltenea house. £116 pern 
earn Inc TM. Ol 360 1568 
tCiesk 01 671 3238 1 Days) 
BATTERSEA Village 3 prof M/F 
share tux flat New dec. fully 
1 am. o/r. £50 pwexcl. Td: 01- 
585-9032 oner 6001 
CLAPHAM. KUI9S Avenue. F to 
share s/c /W. O/r. Mimod 
cores. ElTOBcnrelOCl Tet293- 
3244 / 674 1702 taller 6gmk 
FLATMATES SetectKc Shamtu. 

Well esiantnl rod urtocy service. 

PNe lei tor an** 01 589 5491. 
313 Brompton Road. SW3 
FULHAM. O/i In grd Or flaLodn. 
access to all tarthws. 4 mhn 10 
lube, free parking. £66 PW. 
Call Ol 381 0 O 21 aner 7imi 
ORCCNWKH SElOr Prof, female 
Mure Park o*- IM. 2 ndns BR. 
0/1* CH Cleaner CI60 pent 
tori. TetOl -868-8018. 
PROFESSIONAL male seeks O/R 
in Virtona/Ceniral London 
L35ow Tel Ol 459 0993 Idler 

STOKE NEWmOTOM prof m/f 
2G-r O/rlnlge lux.9dn.rau*. 
snare with 1 oilier. EGO pw Tel. 
Oi 8C0 2740 aner 5 pm. 

WI4. Onto roam U| flat. Suit dn- 
gir prof peoon or cooptc. Share 
kll. bath and Inunoe. £320 pem 
exrl. Tel Ol 603 1090 eves 
WS 2 qtrls share H»e dbte rm. Own 
Shower. WC £240 pent PP exet. 
Tei:0 1 370 4600 D/957 3865 E 

CHISWICK- Edwardian use. prof. 
MonTn. O/R. nr lube . N/S. 
£2opw exrl 743 1778 81. 
CLAPHAM: Room in lux IHMue. 
.18 mod cm tv «dn. close nmc. 
CS5 evrl TH.01 266007 1 [WI 
HARROW, m/s o/r bi cmns ch 
Hat 10 . muts lube C130 pem 
e\r Tel Ol 861 0657 
ISLINGTON. Prof m/f. o/r snared 
with 3 oWervl/i. an ameniUev 
L4I pw evet Roger 994 9798 
HZ prof F 26*. N/S. KT O/R. In V 
atirartlie Hat. or luhe CaO pw 
evr (W3 9949 iO> 883 9903 *H1 
NEW MALDEN • 2nd prof- Rtf- 
lk/s. 25+ B> -.hare M-x hw. Cl£5 
pem evcl. Tel . Ol 942 2106 
PARSONS Qrjen. Nrt o/r. In 
mart prat flat, nr lube. ElTO 
wm. evrl. Ol 7368242 after 2. 
PUTHCV. M/F o/y O/n W lux 
Hal £65pw H WUer/CLH loci, 
with lennts cl Ol 788 4030. 
SUTTON Female n/« 10 share self 
contained jV+t O f jy 
evrt 01 648 2t>57 alter 6 cm. 
SWIG prof m/I. sfucer/hlW. IS 
milt- Mflixta. £180 Pem. Tel 
Ol 7b9 2823 

SW1 M/r large n °’ ®5 rt, T l 2 0 ni 
.,/-. Cl 35 prm WPTfl 01 
8M 9526. ■ Aller 7 00pml 
SW1. Sociable m grad # M 
roml h~v Studio, o/r 1 Mjw 
lur nilh.. Some lood 730 5743. 
SW3 Iw smu bedsit. O/batn. 
louklnq lac-. C30 pw w mrlude 
baM-MItllig 351 40SS 
SW18 prof '«nale to Nweltal. 
air £46 pw me Ooie wrwns 
c'rrn. Trt 01 B71 1038 eves 

FULHAM company IM. tugy lur 
rnshed vparmus Hal. 2 dole 
iiednrm ige balhrm. 

led Mlrrv-„ tourvjew!UjPart- 

t ieu a gas lire. WH OM iw 
Tni 01 493 BWOEWn: 3207 or 
.in* 01 731 2190 

1 Her lev St/Rwnls P*£ 
Brauiiliil N*»sh Block, porwr 


Sim wa «» -0" 


Fiifv Him, W. I««- Svs- w - 

l * C< ^ ShkJio If [BOO* 

,1 BHNtounge 
2 heducwiga £20O-2 SD|m 
ijp lo 3 muts. 

No E*iras HoC gnwiteW ^ 

si gmNbt Tonace. ■£ 

ii-wNSTia vn m 

for her 


Alt SU*fleffl WB^jiySn* 
rung coat ol m’S! 

S5rs« M- «<1 ■> 




iSStSfi* 7KB 



87 Regenl StreeLLondon Wl 
Trt 4*9 6034 .L K/Ovmeao- 
7 A No m hefpv/doms temp/perm 

Nhfllpn seeks career- minded 
peowe Ur wulllng/general av- 
' Shlanl posJUwh. Appcrann 
should be young. erwrgeUr and 
now smoking and have a Keen 
' . Merest In food and wine. Con 
■an Jane l i nt* between 3pm 
and 7pm on 01-221 92 96. 


HOT Turkey.fiprnd 2 wta al nur 
■ch Hir Beam HMM or mMltll 
on our vactfl from £360. Dtps 
even- Tuesday Ol 336 1005 or 
Ol 737 3861 .49401X1 

COSlLUl lUti^ON ntoMs/hoh 
In Europe, t s* a moM destlna- 
imnv omionui Travelr.Ol 730 
2201 ABTA fATA A rm. 


DISCOUNT FARE* worldwide: 
01-434 0734 JuMHT TraveL 

Hit Travel wise. Apia- Alol. 


WEEKEND or Weeks. Honey 
moons d 2nd Honeymoons .. 
Doc Over Ihe Magic of Italy's ro 
man Ur nlles in Autumn or 
wimcr can 01 749 7449 for 
i-our FREE rofour brochure 
MW of tfaty Dept T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green. London. 
W12 BPS 

TAKE TIME OFF <0 P|irM. Am- 
sterdam. BrusveB. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. DubOn. Rouen. Bou 
loom- A Dieppe Time Oil. 2a. 
Chester Ckhe. London SWtX 
7BO. 01 939 8070 

oram vutu. 4 ants wun pm 
pw4s 01 794 777S. AMS HMI 
dm >. AMI 9136 


MB 1ERL A 1 M Scheduled flights 
CH 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

AUCANTC. Faro. Malaga etc. 

Dlmood Travel ATOL 1783. 
. Ol SB! 4641, Horsham 68541 
ALL US CURES. Lowest fares on 
mafor scheduled rarrfer* Oi- 
684 7371 .ABTA 
DEBT nun. Beet FI tab E* Best 
naMays anywhere. Sky TTav- 
. el. 01 834 7426. ABTA . 
EGYPT. TaUor-madr hottafoys. 
Dally deps. Sod man TraveL 01 
370 7307. 

Iff ^ ^ 

isa g 


Nairobi. JoTtog. Qunx Dubai. 
Istanbul. Sraraxur. K-L. DdhL 
Bwkofc. Hon Kan. Sidney. 
Europe. £ The Amencos. 

Fkioaeo Travel, 

76 Shuftesbmry A venae 
Londea W1V 7DG. 

01-439 0102/81-439 7751 

OpeaSawdsy IOJO-I3JO 


PH £88 N YORK £275 
Fiaoktun £B0 lAfSfi C3S5 
Lagos £320 Mum £32£. 
Nunn £325 Smgapom £450 
Jblwg E*flD Bangkok £335 
Caro £205 Kaarandu tuo 
DeVBwn £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong UiQ CNcuna C425 
Kngo Diseoutts Avad 
on 1st A Chib Ohi 
91 S«*ao» sl Lon don W l 
01439 9100/07 USED 


Sgifewy C43S E7SS 

Auckland £»tS E745 

Jo’Burg *306 C499 

Bangkok E200 £355 

TO! Aviv El 05 E1K 

Nor York El 29 £250 

Log Angeles £166 £345 

01 >370 0237 


don 10 KaUimandu £ 610 . 
London to Nairobi £860. Top 
Deck Travel. 01 sn 8406. 


CARMRCAH Lux v Ulas. apt* with 
pooh. Avail Oct thru whiter. 
Villa World Ol 409 9838. 



MENORCA Holiday* departing 
Friday /Saturday every week. 
Sepl/Ori from Cl 20 Tel OI 
3097070 6 0622677071. Crtt- 
K- Hobdays AIM 1772. 



AUTUMN Breaks La Ouuz nr 
Annecy. Sept/ Ocl Trad (arm- 
house chair! s/C OpL 26 
persJllso Ideal ski holv.Rn 
UOIf Trt 0942 604 .130/602 
124 day. 602 776 eves. 



CREEK Blands Orauliful villas 
and apanmenis close lo glorious 
beaches. Free windsurfing on 
Crete. SeM/Ort avail. Tel: 
Horsham 1 O 4 OS 1 59788. Ilkn. is- 
land Holidays AMa/AMd/iaio 
SIMPLY CRETE. Anglo Greek 
family oner private 
villas/sludlos. some with pools, 
nigh is arranged. Please ling 
for our snail friendly brochure. 
Ol 994 4469/6226. 

CORFU villas. We SOU have avail - 
ability 28 Scpi-6 Oct for 1/2 
wvs Beauuiui villas nr the 
beam ex Cal wick Pan World 
Holidays: 01 734 9569 
GREECE. Lonpoin islands, cheap 
flights, villa rentals Me. Zeus 
HOIS Ol-Vua 1647. AIM. Ado. 
"RHODES lux apart hols tram 
£189 pp '24.27 Sept 1.4 Ocl 
Strama 0706862814" 


N 1 P F0MAW Seal sale lo US AG. 
rtbbran -Far East- Australia. Call 
I he profesSenaN ABTA IATA 
cc exrepled. Trt Ol 254 5788 



finest houses for rental . 73 Si 
Mims SL SWT. 01 491 0002. 
ALGARVE. Lux viltan/OHs with 
pooh Sept. Oct A thru winter. 
Ol 409 2838. vutaWorld. 


WMCHCOM8E. Autumn Break 
avail. Period character cot 
uges Ideal cenue louring Sips 
4>0..TtK09426Q9 134/604 130 


WHOLEFOOD Guest House. No 
smoking. Bewley. Walermutocfe 
on-unswoler iOB536l 255. 

Save with Swissair’s 
Super Apex. 
London to Zurich or 
Geneva daiiyoncon- 
veniem afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay Hdays 
before departure. 
Stay in Swiizer/and 
at least until the , 
Sunday afLeranivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 



More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 

than any other agency 


■ Fast, expert, high-tech 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotel a car hka pass 
• up to 80% discounts 
Immunisation, insurance. 
Foreign Exchange, 

Map i Book Shop 


01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 



Mfe s# rere'a <«« sifimr «4K 



rental selection of 


in prime London areas 

270 EmHs Court BaMtf. SHS 

01-244 7353 


2 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, 
huge recap. FuBy Fitted 
knehen. Root gardens. 

Lift, video entryphone. 
Available now 
Co tots. £600 pw 
- Recommended 

- 01-408 


Self contained fiat 3 
Rooms, K&B. 
£80pw. Purpose built 
block. . 

Ring Jane Cote 
352 9940 

HBBHM NWL Spaane frtacted 
nua mb S bob. 2 raws. 2 bams, 
loc Qsfosn, miB0C. Gbs OH E375g.w 
hows wnti itncM gartM L 4 bedi. 
ftps recap 2 bate £330 o.w 
ten detected Muse. 4 nab. Ale 
reap. Ucten end 2 bate (jarctei 
E225 aw un-lum 


01 625 8611. 


HOLLAND PARK jMinvrttU povt 
rd otwrud Lrtung flat 1 VWI 
Luiiy* vunm- dU M a Mirnni 
hath with Mcvny- Sponour 
h.iii. i win miuwd book iiiind 
iaige rrrrv. MUW anugurs 
Wide iiw unH road, tieo pw 
nog. .Trt Ol 940 2390 inn a 
H ninnki. Ol 222 7041 idam 

■OVERSIDE prmtiv nrw ru 
viMioaiI vww. 2 bids 2 
baths il hi MUtm. lull v filiro 
kiiriufi. oairany- Vh. gualilv 
lurnrOwig. high wetirm 
inn. vumo i-mry. imdrrnraund 
gAragp w ilh lit 1 arrnv. £200 p» 
kiiMhlan lb mins Wtoo Ol 
64b 4851 or 0233 31251 

have .v aiultiv property u lei 
irtl uv about II. Wc oiler a pro 
fi-vtuuul A rrtiobl* sen ice 
Oin-anhl CtomtanUnp 01 244 

RESENTS PARK nwi Bepblitul 
2 Hoar Munmnil near part,. 
Living room. Dining room. Kn. 
2 hod. oiih. Lovely cmvrw 
ton . Carden. Aiatl 6 nwwte * 
£275 pw Trt Ol 486 3053 

EAST CROYDON. 3 beds 5 
'mrpv Carer /uranlM end 
newly aeroralrd Comlaiun 
omv £160 pw Td. 01-673 
0996 nvrvl 

tv (ivnNwd flat 2 brd'rm. large 
lounge. (URfng area, country 
kiirhen fully cauippM. 
£299pw Ol 794 9789. 

HENRT * JAMES Oonburt in now 
an Ol 255 8861 far the best Sr 
teruon oi fUrnMird flats and 
hwm to rent In KMghtstaldge. 
Cfwtera and KeiBUigtan m 

Kington SW7, unt refurbished, 
urge family lial with uroe 
roan» and high crtnnm. 5/4 
bedrooms, ming room, dmlng 
roam. hMhroam A wc ensude 
vnower room A WC. srnrraie 
wwb nook room, folly filled 
Kitchen. evceUem order, new 
carpets and furniture £550 
pw. Hrtdon. TefcOl 570 3190. 

HAMPSTEAD and environs For 
« M4ertton of viewed and rcc- 

. om mended ruts and houses 
ov ailanle lor tang term Irtbns o 
North Lnndon'i prenuer deanti 
ronurl the specialists who ran 
otter numerous homes from 
t. ISO lo Cl.SOO a week George 
Knigni - The Lethno A gem. 9 
Heath Sheet HampUnaa Vil- 
lage NW3 6TP. 01 794 1196. 

nv. bnavHKuUy furnished 1 st 
floor HaL Lovely reerp rm. din- 
mu rni/stlKtv. dM bedim, fully 
eaurppni kit. bamrm Views 
omt/htisi la dedgntful gdn 
Cn m Min 6 nuns. £l90pw. 
Tel. 802 6386. 

lint Hal/hotse. up to ESOOpw 
Lvual lees rm. PluUIPS Kay A 
Lew&. South of tor Bark Chel- 
wi of lire. Ol 552 8111 or 
North ol me Park Regent's 
Pork of I Irr. 01 686 9882. 

Luxury 2 bed mafeonrrle fully 
funvKiied. av ail Immediately. 
Colei Very clove io Oty A West 
End. 5 mtm from KigniHiry K- 
UnqKMi station. £200 pw. Ol 
226 7901/364 2866. 

HERNE HILL srtf contained. Urge 
ground floor flat 2 double bed- 
rooms. 2 mtm BR HO nuns 
Victoria A- London Bridge*, null 
2 couples £660 p.c.m. loci 
rales. Trt 0273 29661 idayftk 
0273 204266 lEvsJ- 

PUnaCY Stunning lawnheuae kn 
superb lorauon close to shorn A 
irmpon. 3-4 bedrms. 1-2 
rereps. If IUI A bath plus shower 
rm. Beaul matnialoed gdn A ggr 
Prefer CO let. £278 pw. 244 


HYDE PARK. W2 mod Mock. Top 
nr 2 Beds. 2 Balto. Balcony. 
Fuity I urn, Gdn. Porterage 
Long trt. Co or Embassy. £360 
pwinegi. Tel. 01-651 0648/01 
580 4829 BurVrtse. 

ISLINGTON. 6 mins Angel sta- 
llun. Beauhtul town house. 3 
beds. 2 iwns. fully eauUNwa 
kIL large both. Gdn. Avail for 1 
year +. £326 pw neo. Co let 
only. Hunters: Ol 837 7366. 

Arch wi . Lux 2 bed opt. £200 - 
£260 pw. Co or Embassy lets. 
Many oiher 1/2/3 bed flats fr 
£125 - £360 pw. Call: 

SUZYLET OO 260 5589. 

SRI ARrartlvr A newly drcoral- 
ed lurndtied 4 bedroom house. 
S Bains. DMe Reerp. Dining 
Rm. Study kii. cm All ma 
rhuies Gdn Co let. £«26pw 
828 0040 -TJ. 

URCENTLY wauled in wa/wi 
area 2 bed flat ior oil retec here 
l year approx mol cc lei now 
even. LO lo £250 pw Usual 
romiMBion. Hunters: Ol 837 


A harmjKUous HanuMCead home. 
Immaculate spacious 3 Bedrm 
flats offering lounge. RUM fell. 
Diner. Col TV. Cas CM. Avail 
Now CI 860 W. 286 8040 (Tl. 

CHELSEA immar lully faro tine 
in ouirt lorauon. 2 beds, dole 
rnrep. fully eoutp ktt. ham. urge 
odn. £350 p w Sullivan Thom- 
as 731 1355 

new romrrNon dose Regents 
PV 1 bed. hath, recept/dmlng 
rm. II Kll. Available 1 yr plus- 
CIOS pw. 244 7565 

SHEEN. Partuide deughlful lam- 
Uv hse 4 beds, oak panelled hall 
and imp. mod KIL dining rm. 
gdn GGe £575 p.w. Trt: PMN 
788 7884 Warren 

Botes A Company have a Urge 
selection of IMs A houses avail- 
able lor I wertet from £ 200 pw 
499 1665 

01-629 6604^ 

D Sturgis 



— R E S I D F. N T 1 A I w 

SMI WEST liumaer brorhure out 
now parked v» Ith all the lop n- 
so nv. Sunday (liqhls torul mr 
ii. if Ik -i. .ma anvar maty low 
prtrev vloiunq al £59 RlngiOlt 
785 o<M9 for your row 
ABTAo9956 ATOL15B3 


A deigWfui are bedfoamnl Hit 
rath bngW ieapDOfl iwm open- 
og onto pare. FuBy fitted 
tactai CoMnentiy skated 41 
OH hurt d ftnanflion 
E225D0 p.w. 

KcsttedM OSes: a 1-937 7244 

For rhsiri, Kd-caieriog and botd 

-GresxflNc HBBfBcy nrdteqe 

01-584 5060(24 



Stunmg iMor dsagoed flat. 2 «te/i sale bcarm. hugs mb 
mxjjjan. stuby/4t & taunt, rge total 4 oaUmns. Do (a 1 j* +. 


Attractive pm 8 lower fir I* olootong ttw.nanf«- \ 
tattns. racapfmn rat. WCtaL 2 tottor* Co U 9-12 /tits. E3U>p*. 

MAJENDI^ & CO 01-225 0433 


now urgently l equixe to ponlhasH 

tumuytiafai ouh after. Valuations made. 

65 NawBODd Street. W.l. Telephone 01-629 0651 



Have beaoMvAy tixnotted or 
unturresnad top quaity 
houses ana flats lor long lets 
si Chelsea. Ketwigtan end 
WimbMon areas. 

01.225-1022 01-940 9447 

Property Management ServicesLtd. 



avail A rfM tor ilwtanv»&. 
■■veruiHev Lam A vhan Irtv in 
all areas. LlpCm-ntl A -Oa 48. 
Albemarle 51 hi 01-4995534 

SW1 EJrqanl A vaanouv irumnn 
flats. Kkrt tor enlffUining. 
Avan on Ring Co his 
l urn/Lnlura' U00 CCOOpw 
LMDS 828 8251 

PUTNEY. Bunn v/f fulls turn 
IKK ? double unarms Lounge 
h a n CM Gdns Ctr iff UoO 
pw 01 720 SSI? War-mark 

PERIOD home lo WL 4 one . snort 
walk Richmond Park C3SD 
pw Oliver John Ol 87B 8S35 

BATTERSCA 1 bid Oat Perten 
rand Cwse Ctapham Junction. 
Parking Cn m cioo o w Trt. 
Pipga 788 7884 Warren 
KMI ft BtfTCHOPF for luxury 
propertM-s'inSI Johns w-ood. Re 
ents Park. Matda Vole. Sws 
cou a Hampstead Oi 5B6 7561 
FULHAM. Lovrli 2 bed fit. avail. 
imm i it Co let only. £148 
pw. Tef 684^605 (anvPh.l or 

KCNUHSTON Not rompbnv leL 
Sunny Carden floL in Vogue 
Map. toung. 2 bare. C2O0pw 
Tel: 602 5941. 

perb i aoubU- bed apr- snort M 
iron 2 months. Cl 60 p.w. Tel: 
01 79t iflurP 

PLEASANT S/C flM Mortlake SW 
14. 2 rim: K&B Urol new rau- 
pie w/Loo 20 mins. £76pw. 
lei: 09 69 82309 after 550 
PUTNEY 9 bed nuus. 
Reevp/dunring. fcd. baui. pane- 
■ng. Clow lube £160 P.w. 
Tel. Pi pea 788 7884 Warren 
Sin L ntaur 9 Bed rottaoe Mcely 
decorated 9 Bolhv Recry KM. 
All marMnes. Palm. Co M. 

. CZSQpw 828 0040 IT I 

lu corporation seem nen 

(UH A Houses in London. 
Cobban A Gosrfrr iDUIr 
Agrnw 589 5481 
WCMRLCY Cent. Modem 2 bed- 
roam. CH. (urn iui. Cge. £565 
pem 1 it mm. Du refs reo. 

0925 7 75401 

WESTMOOTCR ptoasanl flat In 
aulel mansion MorL in Division 
Bed area. 2 rooms. K A b, £160 
pw. Trt 0892 7450? 
Lnlvcrslty A Snt Museum Tel 
Helen WaMOn A Co. 880 6975. 
BRmSiMMISCXIM new 2 bed 
lurmahM duplex apartment 
£300 pw. 01 885 1675 Eves. 
CHELSEA llghl tux balcony flat, 
mm dote oedroom. lilt, por 
ter. Long let. Ol 622 5825. 
DOCKLANDS Flats and houses lo 
lei Ihrougnoui me Docklands 
area. Tel .Ol 790 9SoO 
FINCHLEY 1 bed (141. C/H. Show- 
er. own parking £85 pw me. 
Exotwa Rentals Ol 883 6467. 
HKHGAYE IV6 newly lurniohrd 
luxury 2 bed flat, garage avail- 
able. £150 pw 01 540 7400 
HOLLAND ML Newly ronv spa- 
rious i bed IUI Full roup Co 
lei. £186 pw. Trt. Ol 74! 9677. 
LUX BEDSIT idhiei. own phone. 
C/H. nr lube C47 p w Express 
Rentals. Ol 885 5467 
LUXURY lurnistied houses. 
iHampstradi £3SOpw ex WLE_ 
Ol 4fig 7746. 

MARBLE ARCH. Lux. spar 
serviced 4 bedrm mews hse. 
Avail long M. Details 262 4084 
MARBLE ARCH luxury 2 bed rial . 
In n/b block. £250gw. Id Ol 
402 7847/596 1275. 

MAYFAW Lux 2 d/bref 4 in fir 
sen opt AU martimrs. Co let. 
£300 pw inr 723 0979 
Nil: Dbl room In beauUful home. 
Bull 1/2 pro! ladies Rent In be 
negotuied. Trt.Ol -8084960. 
NORTH MEET Lux I wo bdttn flaL 
iccep. C/H. £115 D w Express 
Rentals. 01 BBS 5457. 

SJtEN. exclusive period 3 Dec 
flat newly (urn. lovely recep . 
CH. washer, maid. 573 0753. 
SPACIOUS 4 ped. CH house. Sum 
sharers. £150 pw inclusive. 
Retrial Guide 01-686 6652 
5W1B SOUTHFIELD*. Spacious 
sell ran 1 bed gdn flat 
£450pcm. Trt: 789 9006. 

SW3 Attractive 1 Bed flat Recep. 
KAB. EXSOpw. Oo let. 828 0040 

SWIO attractive rorner hse: 3 
beds, z recep. lined ml bam. 
roof iwr. C2SOPWOX 351 0016 
TOOnNC. 3 bedrm flaL £150 
pw. Handy Tube. Avan 30/9. 
Rental Guide 01-686 6652 
WL. Lovely owe! J bed flaL 6 
mUBmm.ooLeiprrt. C 200 pw 
01-468 4295 Or 01 957 5685 
Wll'S.C newly C0PV. 2 bdrm 
flat, lufly Iimtl rh. w/mach. 
£150 pw Trt 01 727 440*. 
WL4 Quiet garden studio Left 
umL n/s. as yr + *ni July 87 
£80 pw exrl. Tel: 045850572 
Contort Richard or Mirk. Dav» 
WOOlfe.A CO 402 7581. 
VtoMBLEDON AREA. Od seiertion 
■ hWflaU. No lee lo setuoris. 
WlUloms ft Son 947 3130- 


Recariy modamaad and ifcco- 
rated to a very lugh standard. 
Lovefy rooms, ideal tor en- 
tertafflng. AnNpD iunttn 
. whom appropriate. 

GROUND FLOOD 24 it double 
lecepwn room «h gas coaitiB. 
LDW& GROUND craftsman fo- 
wl total. Siemens dadde 
Dvans/mcmmn. double frtdge 
frefier at 

DUONG ROOM seals & 

II1U1Y Rom v/nadane. 2nd 
cooior and fodge (or state. 
FIRST FLOOR 17ft master bed- 
room, range of fitted coptnanls. 
arch to man talnom mod «dft 
potsa. Separate sbomr room 

wl |qq_ 

SECOND FLOOR 2 staler bed- 
mans. 2nd bathroom, terrace. 
Fully equipped and carpeted. IMs 
bouse & salable (nr a Bp execu- 
tive and is araBaUe on a 
company bt only tor a 2 year 
pared >rt875 per week. Pkan 
a> 245 6577 




awaiwu double bcdnxxurd 
fin in luany modern Nock 
clow io ibopi and public 
transport. Large lounge, 
knehen and buhroun. ndl 
fined throughout. £170 p-w. 
HAMPSTtAD NV3 indie 
he m of thr rilliyc durami 
fits floor ctnrKfl&m erffering 
2/3 bedrooms, larar recepnoo 
room, knehen and bathroom, 
Kpme guest wl. Excdteni 
taut. X33D p-w. 

Beaaiiful flat *iih owd 
unutm and prune garden. 
Fabulous kitebenfoiner. 
enormous reception area, 3/4 
bedrooms, 2 buhtamn. WdJ 
decorated throughout. £300 


01-794 1161 


Mtr Large lai. Garage 
outbuilding* £5# .90S Trt. 
0294 563848 


SOUTHSCA i near New Manna 
-vpanom I nrd. nMirn Mue. 

nmv . jirm M2T Anyliiw. 
. 1°87 £55.500 037B 72635 

LGE KSEf.C. 1737. HrvtoHtole 8 
Uni. 3 rer. uuui on* PnoiW 
Mnto-Mr Paop. 9i. Church 
ton*-. Ota 362126 

Continued on page 34 


Young pretenders 
closing in on 
Hickox’s crown 

By Colin McQuillan 

For three years Jamie Hickox winning (he IQ85 Champion of 
has built his professional sq uash Champions tide, he has shown a 
career around virtual ownership fine disregard for senior repuia- 
of the Blue Stratos British lions, even startling Hickox by 
under-23 dosed championship, taking a two-game lead in the 
Tomorrow, at Lambs squash last undcr-23 Open 
club in the heart of London, the championship. 

process of winning that highly- "»"«L ,n f ' ldl “' ^SSS£ 

negotiable national title for a S Wh« U S 

record founh umc. EwS STffiJff £ 

His task, against the most English junior (cam in April, he 
formidable field ever assembled went home to Leicestershire and 
from the domestic age group, is persuaded a group of local 

not an easy one. 

A rising standard oF compet- 
itive squash is illustrated by the 
challenge that faces Hickox. 
Second seed this year is Adrian 
Davies, a 20-year-old Welsh- 
man who is already a highly 
experienced member of the 
Manchester Northern national 
league squad. 

Scotland have Mark McLean, 
the Edinburgh graduate who 
ended Jonah Barrington's long 
undefeated domestic record, 
and who overturned Hickox in 
timely fashion in last weekend's 
Knolls Invitation final. More 
significant, though, is the push 
into the under-23 level by 
teenagers representing a 
blossoming new generation of 

Bob Lincoln, the national 
coach, has taken the under- 1 9 
squad through all levels of 
competition for the past two 
seasons. So familiar did the 
group become in winning in the 
early rounds of senior tour- 
naments. they became known as 
“Lincoln's Raiders'* as they 
coached and cajoled each other 
to a number or surprising vic- 
tories. It proved a fine bund-up 
towards silver medals at the 
junior team world champion- 
ships in Australia earlier this 

The brighiesi star among 
them is Del Harris, a 17-year- 
old from Essex, who has twice 
won the Drysdale Cup. ihe 
world's most coveted under- 19 
trophy. Many believe him ca- 
pable of developing eventually 
to challenge even Jahangir 
Khan, the seemingly unbeatable 
world champion. Harris was a 
lower order mainstay of the 
Ardleigh Hall side that lost the 
national league title on a 
counlback last season. He plays 
a rare adventurous style of 
squash, filled with cut, spin and 
disguise which one day will 
decorate the game's upper 

Intelligence is a characteristic, 
too. of Robert Graham. 
England’s junior captain and a 
long-time Essex rival of Hams. 
Having secured entry to univer- 
sity for this autumn. Graham 
chose instead to concentrate on 
competitive squash. After .the. 
world championships he stayed 
on in Australia to learn and 
practise at the national institute 
of squash, run by the former 
world champion. Geoff Hudl 

If courage and determination 
are the keys to success, then 18- 
year-old Paul Gregory, from 
Surrey, can rightly claim his 
place near the top of the junior 

S me. Gregory is a deceptively 
it and rubber-wrisied. Since 

businessmen to back his in- 
dividual entry in the champion- 

cr-wrisied. Since 

Hickox: record attempt 

ship, reached the quarter-finals 
and forced his way bock into the 
team cvcnL 

Such concentrated applica- 
tion. though, has rarely been 
necessary 1 for Hickox’ who 
skilfully juggled his dual British- 
Canadian nationality until se- 
lected last year for the England 
senior squad. His speed, flexibil- 
ity and gifted invention around 
the court have left him un- 
disturbed in domestic junior 
competition for more years than 
he probably cares to count. 

Hickox has become accus- 
tomed lo the role of brilliant 
young stiokeplayer — constantly 
promising to carry his enterpris- 
ing style to victory against the 
very best. Nothing would please 
him more titan a record fourth 
win in this week's evenL 
followed by victory next Janu- 
ary in ihc far tougher British 
under-23 Open, from which 
many senior careers have been 
launched. ~ 

First, though, comes the battle 
of the teenagers. Lincoln’s squad 
have been working for two 
seasons for a collective victory 
of genuine note. Frustrated by- 
Hunt's Australians and Janshcr 
Khan, yet another Pakistani, at 
world under- 1 9 leveL they will 
doubtless be happy to set their 
sights on (he title Hickox has 
come to regard as his own. 

Potential matchwinners 
with plenty to prove 

The swings and nwda boats 
of fortme are perfectly illus- 
trated this week by the contrast- 
ing experiences of two Great 
Britain players. One has found 
his playing career plunging from 
the ieights to the depte in less 
than 12 mo n ths , while the other 
has seen a remarkable renewal 
of his life asan Inter n a tio nal. 

Just under 12 months ago 
Harry Pinner was captaining 
Great Britain to an hononrable 
drawn series against New Zea- 
land. and seemed earmarked as 
die natural captain for this 
year's series against the Anstra- 
lians. By contrast, Hende r s o n 
Gill, the Wigan winger, had 
slipped out of contention 
through a mixture of injury, loss 
ef form ami a wayward 

Times have changed dramati- 
cally for Pinner and GilL While 
Pinner, last season's St Helens 
and Great Britain captain, strug- 
gles to recover from deep-seated 
ankle braising and a crisis in 
personal confidence, the un- 
predictable and often electrify- 
ing Gill comes bock into Great 
Britain's training squad after a 
fine game in last wade's match 
between Yorkshire and Lan- 
cashire at Headingtey. GUI pro- 
duced some typical mazy runs 
and showed -that he could also 
ran fast and straight for the line 
by taking a pass from Ellery 
Hanley, his Wigan and Great 
Britain colleague, for a fry. 

In one respect, the careers of 
Pinner and GUI stand at the 
same crossroads, in that both 
have something to prove to 
Maurice Bamfonf, the Great 
Britain coach. Pinner's badly 
braised ankle affected the same 
joint that had earlier been 


Keith Macklln // 

operated upon and he has 
missed the opening games of the 
season, watching Sl Helens 
make a dream start with 278 
points in fire games. 

Pinner would not be human if 
his delight at Saints' success 
was not tinged with the worry 
that Alex Morphy might not 
wish to change a winning team 
as long as St Helens keep 
running in the tries. Pinner al 
his best is one of the most 
intelligent and constructive 
{flayers in the game. But H was 
no secret that when Murphy 
arrived at St Helens last season 
he made it crystal dear that 
there was no room for a 
personality cult centred around 
the captain. 

As the Sit Helens dub sec- 
retary. Geoff Sntdiffe. puts it: 
~lt's up to Harry to knuckle 
down to training and prove his 
fitness to both Maurice Bam ford 
and A lex Morphy. He's been 
given clearance by his physio- 
therapist to start loll training.** 

Gill's need is to prove to 
Bamford that be is willing to 
train hard and play Tor the good 
of the squad, rather than seek 
individual glories. When he 
manages, to curb his ebullient, 
likeable bnt unpredictable 
personality, be is a thrilling 
winger and matchwinner. That 
is the type ol player Great 
Britain need if they are to crack 
the rock-hard Australian 


Badminton gets boost 

Television coverage of bad- 
minton at the . Com monweaJ tit 
Games in Edinburgh has 
prompted Carlsberg to put an- 
other £20.000 into their 
sponsorship of the national 
championships for the forth- 
coming season. Announcing ex- 
tended support for ihe 
championships, the main 
domestic competition. ‘ Mike 
Magee. Carisbeig's sponsorship 
manager, said: “Badminton ’at 
its best is one of the most 
exciting sports I ‘know and the 
Tv coverage at the Common- 
wealth Games had a tremen- 
dous impaci." 

The Carlsberg national 
championships wifi be held at 
Crawley from Januan 31 io 
February 3, when the besi 

county players will have the 
chance to challenge such estab- 
lished stare os Helen Trokc. 
Southampton’s European cham- 
pion. and Steve Baddeley. 

Carlsberg also announced 
they are to sponsor four regional 
tournaments for 41 county 
champions and runners-up. The 
winners of these competitions — 
four men and four women*— will 
go into the main draw fo r the 
national championships ■ as 
“wildcards". .. . 

Tom Mamre. the Badminton 
Association's sponsorship man- 
ager. said: ‘‘This welcome cmch- 
sion of ihe national 
championships will neallv test 
the potential of our best count'* 


i S . , 4 v 1 



T 9 a. J ^ T4-. 

Invited Guest 

can display 
star quality in 
Ascot mile 

r I ' .>■• 

By Mandarin 

Invited Guest, so impressive in the 
when winning the Waterford who 1 
Candelabra Stakes last month, when 
can advertise her classic Stakes 

claims and extend her un- well-exposed and Cauthen, 
beaten run to four in the who stole the race on her at 

Hoover Fillies' Mile at Ascot 
this afternoon. 

The Be My Guest filly 
looked useful when winning 

looked useful when winning able listed race at Phoenix 
her first two starts at Lingfieki on her latest start but 
and Newmarket but it was at may not have beaten much 

Goodwood five weeks ago 
that she stamped herself a top 
class performer in the making. 

Such was the confidence of 
her trainer. Robert Arm- 
strong, that he instructed 
Steve Cauthen, who was rid- 

ing the filly for the first time, 
to lay off the pace and 
conserve her blistering speed. 

Cauthen carried out those 
orders to the letter, settling 
Invited Guest in behind the 
other five runners and then 
producing her with a telling 
burst approaching the furlong 

Armstrong toyed with the 
idea of sending his star filly to 
France for the group one Prix 
Marcel Boussac on Arc day 
buL wisely in my view, has 
opted for this group two prize 
nearer to home. 

The opposition certainly 
does not appear formidable. 
The only other group winner 


Televised: 15, 140, 4.10 

Going: good to firm 

Draw: no significant advantage 

2JD SWINLEY FOREST HANDICAP (£7,538: 1m) (10 runners) 
in mm FUMPjoacttaftPwawnsoo RmEMeiy4 

MM 0U3 MUAMKv (USA) (CA{MaktoumAIMBkkun)BHanbify 3-84 R Cochrane 2 
10S 004100 COME OH THE BLUES (C-O] (Mrs C Pateras) C BnOam 7-8-0 - 8CW 

107 231101 FAA COUNTRY G Bnteon) 0 Sswortfi 4-8-13 (7ex) — G Carter 1 

108 214210 SUPER TRf> (C-O) U Mamrafl) M FetforcunGotoey 58-11 __C Rutter (3) 7 
IDS 21 KM BOLD PILLAGER JEF) (Derain Wareatwnal Lid) J Duilop 4-8-1 1 

now fnwnjii 

110 02-102 ASUN CUP (USA) (D) (Prince A SebnotyGHanraod 3-811 GSMeyS 

111 00-0000 HAY STREET (Lad Matthews) I Matthews 5-8-10 J Raid 10 

115 021008 ALQfflHIUSAj (D» (H Mtouei) C Benrtoad 4-82 RFnt 

116 000020 READY WlTfC] (D) (MrsR Tererart) H Hannon 5-8-2 AMcQowS 

7-2 Fair Country. 82 Asian Cup. 5-1 Mapahed 81 Super Trip, 182 Come On The 

Blues, ft-i Plaid. 1(M Ready Wfit 12*1 Akjrra. 16-1 Hey Sheet 

CHOU MAJAA H ED (8-11) switches back to a mile afar staying on oner im a 
rurtm 3 bettertEnotur (813) at York (£8,259. good. Sep I3,6ran)-Tiiaiiy- 

con si ste nt COME ON THE BLUES (9-0) has bean out Ottarm since beaten Truly Rare (9- 
7) 1 at Goodwood (W. £4885. good ID tom. Jly 31. 15 ran) wtoFJUR COUMTHY{88) 
badly hampered and not recovered back in Ml Last Nms toe ■mprntag HUH COUNTRY 

CnnM MAJAAHED (811) switches beck to a mile after staylngoni 

runm wfl i W 3b0rend£ntOTf813)atYcra(£8,2S9,good.S<ipi3,6r 

con si ste nt COME ON THE BLUES (9-0) has bean out ottarm since beaten Tn 
7) 1^1 at Goodwood (81. £4885. good to tom. Jly 31. 15 ran) with FAR COU 
badly hampered and not recovered back In flto. Last tens (ha impravtog RAM 

badly hampered 

E ld) had some 
3149. good to 

in hand when beating Waajto (8-3) a length at Doncaster 

ground and i( reproduemg an afkvttess S win over The Mazafl (8-8) al Haydock (7f 40y, 
£3150. tom. July 4. S ranfwa go wry wag. ASIAN CUP (9-9) BoartaWy on toe upgrade, 
and the term of a 41 2nd to Flyhome (9-03) atSaisb ui^|flL £29 48. firm. Sapll. TO ran) 

was boosted by the toner's ran yesterday, holds HA’ 

ALOUtM (9-3) in 9tti on that nmng. 
Scte cttan : BOLD PtilAGEB 

(9-1 2) 4| back in 5th ano 

Ascot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Asian Cup. 230 ZajaL 3.5 INVITED GUEST (nap). 3.40 
Bakharoffi 4.10 Candle In The Wind. 4.40 Kudz. 5.10 Giptain’s 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
20 Majaahed. 2.30 Zajai. 3.5 Invited Guest. 3.40 Kazaroun. 4.10 
Cape Wild. 4.40 Kudz. 5. 10 Captain's Niece: 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Zqjal. 3.5 INVITED GUEST (nap). 4.10 Cape Wild. 


201 0 ALBANY PARK (CouAbss of LansdteB)C Nelson 9-0 

a* 03 PCWKWKTfSheAh Mohammed) LPtagottM 
206 GENOBRA (0 Zawaw) M E Ftands 942.. 


EM land) J Dunlop 94) 

(H AMUdoun) P Wrtwyn 941 

MAAD(H AH*afcmin )H Thomson Jonas 9-0— 
MAKSAB tShMUl ><! ■ 


BPSi d BMwy4 

210 MAKSAB (ShwMi A At MaktomD J Dunlop M_ 

Johraan Houghton 80S Canteen 10 
— Frt Eddery 6 

1 1-4 Zap). 9-2 RockWte. 5-1 taaad. 1 1-2 Rose Reef. 6-1 Maksab. 8-1 Atoany Park. 
9-1 Foresight 14-1 Good Causa, 20-1 Ganobm. 

ways up with lha pace whan 9 3rd to Hydraulic Power (9-0) at Yarmouth (w. £3162. 
good. Sep 17. l4w).atB6RTO^Itl«ac^(ftopBC8ofthaiiigh^wgantodAjdat(8- 
7l at Doncaster gm down bv 31 (». £2550. good. Sap 12.9 ran) and looks the best of 

71 at Doncaster gong down bv 31 (W. £2550. good. Sap 12.9 ran) and looks the best of 
tnoso id have rui ROCKFELLA (9-0) ran on to finish 2’.il2nd to Domwon Royals (9-0) at 
Kempton (St, £3043. good. May 31, 12 ran) and wd appreciate ms antra furtong. 

No form sctechon 

XS HOOVER ‘F1LUES’ MILE (Group II: 2-Y-O: £25,185: 1m) (1?) 

301 111 INVITED QUEST R Htftbanft R Armstrong 80 SCauteeoS 

302 421101 SHMMG WATER (fl Cnncfliey) R Johnson Houghton 80 AMaraylO 

303 22210 BMTPAStW (USA) (F Suntan) PCDieB-10 TQgknt 

I ARTIST (OMctoiyre)J Waiter 81Q.~_ WRSMteamZ 

013 COLOR ARTIST (pMctoMV)J Waiter 810 WRSMteam2 

23010 D'AZY (T Smith) o Lung 6-10 BTtaotMnf 

307 12 GOLDEN BRAIDffiffMSabsn I BaUna 8-10 PKEddwyl 

308 201 LUCKY STOW IR Holmes a Cowl) CBnoan 8-10. J Raid 7 

309 012 MONTFORT (G Sangstef) W Janra 8-10 RCeekcana4 

310 12 M0UNTAM frEMORY (C) (Hesmonds Stud) P Wafcryn 8-10. PMI Eddtry 12 

311 000403 *rr imagmatkM (R akfrate Lag P KaBeway 810 BRouaail 

312 210 PORT HELENE (D) iShtedi Mohammed) W Hem 8IO W Carson 6 

314 221 SWPIE TASTE (ISA) (MrsR Kirk) I Bating 8-10 Ttaas3 

Evens tnvtrod Guest 4-1 Golden Brant. 5-1 Simple Teste. 13-2 Momtort 
9-1 Mountain Memory. 12-1 Port Helena. iB-1 others. 

PORM INVITED GUEST (8-7) was pushed out to beat GOLDEN BRAD a-7)2»l 
rwnm « Good-rod PTC19654, good. Aug 22. 8 ran) witoNretMA<»MYK#«(8 

(8-13) looked as though this top would sun when a rurmmg on 41 2nd to Maam 
herein Jrfy(6l. £10614. good, jly 26. 6 rani SJMPLE TASTE (6-5) had MONFORT 
length sway m 4th at PRoenw Park (71, £17897. good. Sap 7. 14 ran) and writ haw diffi- 
culty hanking the torm a level weghts. Prewousfy MQHTFORT (8-81 had COLOR 
AJRtIST l8-8pal behind in 3rd and MYMAGMATION (8-8)anqdier *utack m 4)h when 

ATION (88) another 

r (8-8) had COLOR 
lu back math when 

they afl trashed hatand Lakiene (8-08) at Newmarket iTt. ESS83. good to firm. Aug 9. 8 
rant Last tarn MY imagination (8-6) stayed a mde wen when just over 1 'il3rd to 
Latuchejfrosjat Doncaster pH. £13896. good. Sop 11. lOranJwntia signify below par 
PORT HELENE (8-6) not getong a dear run 3'/jl bet* m 6th, BttfT PASHA i$-6) m 7th and 
O' AZY (8-8) m 8m 

Italian objective 
for promising 
Love The Groom 


Critcrium in Milan on October oo spcci hitf f, nVl » a ]oi or 

LitilH 1 

it ^ 

iilil 1 

12 when initiating a wvyear- 
old double for John Dunlop at 
Sando«vB Park yesterday. 

The highly-rated Fearless Ac- 
tion was made an odds-on 
chance to keep his unbeaten 
record intact in the Granby 
Stakes but Sheikh Mohammed s 
colt narrowly foiled to hold the 
challenge oF Love The Groom 

Willie Carson was short or 
room on . the Italian -owned 
-.Blushing Groom colt but then 
found a gap on the inside to get 

up on the line and win by a short 

The Arundel trainer’s double 
- was completed when Magic 
Vision slaughtered the oppo- 
sition in the Mitre Maiden 
Fillies’ Stakes to give Dunlop 
his 23rd winner this month. 

Brent Thomson, who has still 
to find a job for next season, 
reminded racegoers of his skills 
when bringing the Sheigar nJJy 
home by five lengths. 

G rev i He Starkey, sacked from 
the ride on Dancing Brave by 
Khaled Abdulla at the weekend, 
was back winning for the owner 
in the Ditton Handicap when 
Badcchai comfortably defied the 
burden of I0st 41b. 

. Tyroltie gained some 
compensation for his wasted 
participation in Doncaster’s 
disastrous Portland Handicap 
when she took the West Ena 
Handicap. Nick Vigors's four- 
year-old was one of the horses 
withdrawn after completing the 
course from a false start at 

Michael Dickinson landed his 
second flat winner when Hand- 
some Sailor scored an emphatic 
victory io the Raffingora Sprint 
at Beverley. 

Dickinson, who got off the 

in the field is Shining Water, 
who beat some useful colts 

who beat some useful colts 
when winning the Solano 
Stakes. However, she looks 

Sandown. has not surprisingly 
elected to ride Invited Guest 
Simple Taste won a valu- 
able listed race at Phoenix 

and there must be some doubt 
as to whether she is as good as 
her stable companion. Golden 

This Glint Of Gold filly ran 
really well to finish second in 
the Waterford Candelabra and 
now has a pull of 41b for the 
2'h lengths which she was 
beaten at Goodwood. How- 
ever. Invited Guest displayed 
such fine acceleration on that 
occasion that she is napped to 
confirm that form even on 
today's revised terms. 

The other pattern race on 
the card, the Cumberland 
Lodge Stakes, has cut up 
disappointingly but should 
nonetheless provide an in- 
teresting tactical battle be- 
tween Walter Swinburn 
(Kazaroun), GreviUe Starkey 
(Bakharofi) and Willie Carson 
(Highland Chieftain). 

Michael Stoute saddles 
Kazaroun in preference to 

. v/t • . ■•>< . 'j.- -.VA-l-v*- : : 

Port Helene (left), seen here beating Brother Patrick at Sandom, rases her sights fur today’s Hoover FaBes’ Mile at Ascot 
Di hi stan who pipped the lightly-raced Aston Cup, Handicap and Ajdai, a son of ^ rfl kfl r^S tlTP 

Bokhara ff to win the Septem- 
ber Stakes at Kempton earlier 
this month with Highland 
Chieftain back in fifth after 
being hampered. 

Kazaroun will obviously be 
sharper for his seasonal debut 
third behind Dancing Brave at 
Goodwood but Bakharoff has 
the better form and will be 
suited by this slightly longer 
trip and more galloping 

Starkey and Bakbaroffs 
trainer, Guy Harwood, can 
initiate a double in the 
Swinfey Forest Handicap with 

who was having his first race 
for 15 weeks when dividing 

yesterday’s Sandown winner, 
Flyhome, and Young Jason at 
Salisbury a fortnight ago. 

Harwood saddles Sarfraz 
rather than Ostensible and the 
unbeaten Cap Del Mond in 
the Gordon Carter Slakes but 
my preference is for Henry 
Cecil’s Kudz, who is still 
improving and stays welL 
. Candle In The Wind has 
been running creditably in 
good company and has the 
ability to defy top weight in 
the Golden Gates Nursery 

Seattle Slew, is strongly fan- 
cied to niakft a winning debut 
in the Clarence House Stakes. 

In addition to his force 
Ascot ruiiners, Guy Harwood 
sends Guessing to contest foe 
Snowy Gray Memorial 
Handicap at Beverley where 
he opened his account in 
maiden company four weeks 
ago. The Be My Guest colt 
should follow up. 

Peter Makin has bright 
prospects of landing a double 
at the Yorkshire track with the 
consistent pair Sapreme State 
(245) and Pearl Pet (3.45X 

3AQ CUMBERLAND LODGE STAKES (Group III: £17,750: 1m 4f) (4) 

402 112183 KAZAR0W (USA) (D) (H H Aoa Khan) M SlOiaa 4-9-3 WR&rintwmZ 

405 1-23312 BAKHAROFF (USA) (C> (BF) (KAbduttlG Harwood 3-8-10 — OSteriMyd 

406 4-01210 HJGHLAHD CHEFTAti (D HmneanJ J itortop 3-8-10 WCHrawM 

410 002100 K)CX TIC HABIT (Cap! M LwnoijC Brloaui 3-8-2 PMEdteyl 

10-11 Bakharoff. 11-4 Hghtend CMeftajn, 3-1 Kazaroun. 2S-1 Kick The Habtt. 

Dunlop to be 
fined over 

FftRM KAZAROUN (9£) (outo lade of a 
runm against hbn when 11M 3nt to 
(£14128. good to finn. Sept 12. 6 ran). KICK THE 

outing and too top of 1 m 21 

... _ Brav® (>-13) at Goodwood 

(£14128. good to film, S«at 12. 6 ran). KICK THE HABIT {8-3} was 61 back Si fith. Last 
season KAZAROUN (8-10) mads ail and ran ngfn away from too rest of to* field in toe 
Goruon Stakes at Ooodimod. everaoBy beating Kamakwa (8-131 B tenets Pm 4f; 
£19314. oood » soft Jdy 30. 5 ran). Frantto ana Into Defty id BAKHARWF (83) was 


By Christopher Gonlding 

and beaten a short head by Dilastan (Ml at Kenmton (1 m 3f , £1 721 0. flood, 
tn). MGHJUB) Ct^aTA/N, fB-6)«ufl behind in 5m toara having been oatHy 

5, 7 ran). MGHLAND CfiSTA 
hampered, is omproving and prewoi 
Ooup 2 (1 m 2f, £28249, good. Aug 
Selection: KAZAROUN 

L5) had baatan Esquire (9-4)2541 at Murrich in a 

4.10 GOLDEN GATES NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £7538: 6f) (10) 

581 MC100 CANDLE M TRE WMO (D) (C W44) D Laing 9-7 PMEfMoy 4 

503 B1422 BOLD BARCON (Mrs J YsmokJ) CNefson 8-11 J Raid 5 

504 212 CAPE WAD (p) (J atstoam) M Skua 8-S WRSkWmii2 

507 480013 DANCING DIANA (D) (G BoaM) R Hannon 84 WCaraon6 

'509 ismo FaaEY0UNGMM(B)(D)(aF)(iarym)TFaimurst82 MMbl 

510 PI 0100 DSHUNG DS(D) (A P dunOM tH N Adam 3 

511 04100 SHEER ROYALTY (6} (D) (T CapeharQ W OGonnar 8-0 Thes7 

514 0040 MNMTY BOLD BR (R Aradl) RAmistrong 7-9 C Ruder (3) 10 

515 23020 MUADItonilQiloMRAkahint?^ BCresateyt 

518 0022 KEBI NOTE mCShtoto Muhammad) C Brittain 7-7 G Carter 9 

3-1 Cape WU. 4-1 fickle Young Man. 5-1 Bold Garooa 13-2 Mfehty BoW. 
8-1 DerringDee. 9-1 Shear Royalty. 10-1 Dandhg Diane. 16-1 others. 

PORM CAPE RRLDP-7) s howed imppoaed torm whana neck aid to Meatn rPolt- 
rv/run ey (8-5) at Dancastar (9. £8766. good to (km, Sep 13, 7 ran). DANCMG 
UANA ffl-9) stayed on.imder pressure whenjuto over SL ted to Spanish Cafcn (8-09) K 
ftoydocfc{Br. £5425.800*0. Sap 6). FTCKLE YOUNG M A M (83) inaoeal when warping at 
Nottingham (6f,£l5(5. good. Aug tj. 8 rwilbefflingFourwaA^-r^hyfflSHffil ROY- 
ALTY (B-2) probatiy found 7T too far last ante, and is better tudged an Kempton form 
when beaten about a lengto by Shades Of Night (7-08) with MBHTY BOLD (7-11) only a 
head ar ray in 6 to(6f, £2SoO. good to firm, Sep 6.18 ran^OEHHINGDg (7-8) being ota- 
pacwL KEEN MORE (8-11) ran an when Kl 2nd to Varan Bay (8-11) at Lingftekl (Si, 
E12SEL good. Sgi 16. 11 ran). 


A40 GORDON CARTER HAffiUCAP (£8,100: 2m) (11) 

ataQCBhtttn 58-10 

... 3*5 

Viff I yriT.i i|V 


__ PMEddoy 

801 040132 PETH1ZZO 
803 122102 RQ8EDALE 
604 111201 KUDZ 
805 111011 
608 101011 WASSL 

613 331004 RflOO TAV1 IC-O) (A Boon) B f«s 
615 04200-2 FL0yD(D]JMYMtoi)DEbwirto8«2 
617 0120-1 NISRULE (T Hctend-Uanki) DArbuOrot 4-7-11 (3ex) 

619 23P-U0 WIDE BOY an (lad PotdxstBrt [ Bating 4-7-$ ' 

823 004220 ORANGE hCl ffll (R McCresryf J Ttoa 
62S 000080 MM NAJED (P vDoaMRC Span* 4-7-7 

•Royd si onty ai B tew la oraeMi rate 
11-4 Kudz. 3-1 Sarfraz. 5-1 Petozzo. 132 RMd TtaHTi-l Floyd. Mterute. 10-1 
Wide Boy, Orange ML 16-1 others. 

■J jnil-ZJ'Zri-, 

W Canon 10 
D Broom 7 
K (May 11 

Today’s course 

CADM P E T H1Z20 , (89) lost toe Doncaster Cup tor toe second tone In toe 
lUITm StBwa>C3'rocxnaftarbMlrwLongbc3a?(9-6)a9hOrtJ>eod(2m2f.n9407. 
good. Sspi 11. 4 rartJ KUDZ, (B^ beat Sate Rlwr (32) Hlat Pontetraateni2f) but car- 
nes a penally. SARFRAZ @-11) continued to Improve tar beaing ORANGE HEJ. (8-2) a 
neck at NewmatKet pm. £3967. good to flrmi Aug 8, B ran). He leeks a recent race, 
WASSL REEF has raaly improved wah a tongBr trip and comes here chasing a hat-lrii* 
after (9-11) beating Pad Gtones (313) *1 atXyr 11m SI. £4854. good to Ann. SapMS. 6 
ran). Fnxit-nmnoig FLOYD (9-12) beattr a neck by Bptotino (10-0) on reappearance a 
Sandown (1m W, E3777, good. Aug 30, 17 ran) and is we« fancied tor The Cesarmnttfi. 
OBSRULE (3-7) beaffim Btt (8-9) 21 at Haydocfc on s e a son al re ap pearance pm 41. 
S. 19 ran). He hae wan over 2 mies over jumps. 

5.10 B1SHOPSGATE APPRSmCE HANDICAP (£3.225: 1m) (12) 

1 0004m SANS WOOD {D]0t WrigM) M Tampkina S9-10 GCarWrS 

3 011 CAFTARrSMREmPMkpslWHHKig^BaMSM. — Data (HbaonJE) 3 

4 441000) BASOOFTUSAJ (Maiooum AI Hatoourn) M Stoutfl 3-9-2 — MAGOaaffilO. 

6 0000410 MOUNT TiRRaEDaVN(D) (Ms JCodn)R Hannon SM^LJanaati) 2 

7 04B410 DARK RBOTAGE (BF) (J Guest) C Mison 3-8-11 S HorafaO (3) t2 

8 240000 FAST SBtVICE (Mrs J Jadaon) C Horaan 7-8-7 P8arawit(8)1 

9 214000 WBSH MEQLEY(NonnChestera •nmng la^DHaytoiJcnas 4-8^ 

JJ 021000 CCOITB8mUH&(P)CNttilngC(*amoamiJtiWltiaans!wF**** 


12 410*0 OIMP(SX)NfB)(D)(M togram) MsN SnWh 4-7-9 J Carter (3) s 

13 300003 REAMJAY|BBoartonan)HBe*steyM-8 CRadarS 

14 400000 GAUHAR (H E S htoto H AI Nahaien) M Btenatmd 5-7-7 PMR11 

15 220T21 QUALTTAKESS (to (D)(Quatobr Eng lto)K Stone 4-7-7 (5ex) P Barha W 4 
3-1 Capons Mace. 10030 Buoof. 5-1 Dark HenJaga. 132 OuaJtetoass. 

8-1 Sams Wood. 9-1 Fast Service. 12-1 Count Bertrand. 18-1 others. 


TRAMancH cad, 33 winnen from 124 
I rumen. 26. 6%: G Harwood. 39 from 161, 
242%: J Tree. 15 frora 73, 2QS9L. 
JOCKEYS: W Carson. 44 wmnara from 
260 rides, 165%; Pat Eddary. 42 from 
256. 162%; G Sterttay. 33 from 213 


TRAimS: H Thomson Jones, 12 wm- 
ners from 40 runners. 360%; J (Xirtiop. 7 
from 27, 255%; G Harwood. 7 bom 28. 

JOCKEYS M Bfrch. 37 wbawes from 189 
rides, 268%; W Ryan, (4 from 71. 167%; 
P Roblnsan. 10 from 79. 125%. 


THAMBR& G Rktoarde. 31 from 123, 
S2V W A Stephansoa 16 from 76 
205%. (OnM two qufifterto. 

JOCKEYS: P Tucfc. 13 wnn from 64 
rides. 205%: C Sant, 18 from 96 168%: 

R Lamb. 9 from 64. 14.1%. 

Ul TO X Jb l ER 

THAI MERSsJ Webber. 12 winners from 37 
runners. 324%: J EOwarda. 11 from 44. 
255%; P Bonn, 13 from 124, 105%. 
JOCKEYS: P Barton, 8 winners from 34 I 
nctes. 324%; R Crank. 17 from in. 1 
163%: Michael Wittarra. 6 from 45. 

First acceptors 

cnDM SAMS WOOD bautkedin Ms run when 5th to Albert Hafl last time (1m2f. 
runifl jmy 17). earner (8-12) he had got up to bes Sams Wood (8-12) a head at 
Bnghton on favoured fast ground (W. £4687, good to Ann. Jwe 23, 10 ran). CAFTAN'S 
wfcE has gamed both www rra 




(9-7) a short hracf 2nd to NaiehaMir 
An oth er m cons q ie ra o ne a COUNTI 

Sandown Results from yesterday’s four meetings 

Goteg: good to firm 
2.0 |5D 1. SAUCE CHABLE (T Sprake. 4- 
lit-fav 1.2. Victory Ballard (L Jones. 16-1); 
P. HeyAmadetos (G Carter. 9-1) ALSO 
R AN . * p-iav Mtfveagh. 1 1 -2 Leateng 

Player. 10 Jondi (StfiV Out On A flyer 
mtoL 12 Onote Dancer. Young Lodwwar 
l6tol. 14 Gomel Easy. 20 Mr Ambles. 11 
ran NR Dauritriw Prospect Madness No 
To hd.CI. «J. 11. W Hem at West fetey. 

Tote £600. £2.00 £150, £4 40. OF: £8.70. 
C5F: £40 05 Tneui- £31155 1mm 

3.15 (2m 41 ch) 1 . Mend Beck (R Lemb. 
4-9 fBv})2, Ronan-Pau ffi-l). 2 ran. 4L W A 

Stephenson. Tote; £120. 

(6m. 25 Alstoa (4th). 33 Awebury. 50 Royal 
Craftsman. Stagnoond. 100 Bvaoora. 14 
ran 2',L UL r*. 2M. IjL G Harwood at 
Pufborougn. Tote: £410: £190. Ei.<a 
£1.80. Df £950 CSF £3058. TnCaSt 
£111.19. 2mm 5&l4sec. 

day Evenmg. HmMand Captan, ways 
toecB 15 ran. IW; Sue ftwver, Lyn Rbb. 
2L nk- ":L IM, M. P Hastem at 
Ntormartm. Tote; £*40-, £140, E2.10. 
£620. DF: £620. CSF: £24.24. Tncasc 
Q1831. Winner bought m tor i^OOgns. 
3.15 (5Q 1. HA1 

OutocU, 5-8 fa«L 2. 

Q: 6 Ben AccoeB p Bteasdale. 20-11. 
ALSO RAN: 6 VOtesh (4to). 33 Golden 
Game (5th). 5 ran. Z%L 2«. 2L a. M w 
Domson at Manton. Tote: £130: £1.10. 

230(1mj 1 . FLYHOME (N Adams.M d- 
tavt 2. Cimedien Star (T Lucas. 6-1). 3. 
Spring hi Mv Step (C Nutter. 25-lV ALSO 
RAN V* jt-tav Gwmg ft Alt Away (40r|. 11- 
2 Smote (Sin). 7Cra«ger. 12 New Central 

'ark 3. Shaven (W R Swutoum. 10-iJ 
ALSO RAN; 7-2 jt-tav Red Shoes (4thL 5 
final (6th). 8 Standard Rom. 12 Junde 
Best (5th). 14 Parts is Parts. 16 Davafo. 

Devon & Exeter 

Going: fam 

2.0 Iten 51 hde] 1 . PeeceM Member (B 
Powe6 12-1L 2. Kingswood Kitchens (4-9 
tew); 3. Raffle Dazzle Boy nB-ij.6 iw. 3L 
dOL L Kennard. TM8: E10&; £240, 
£T.ia OF; £330. CSF: £1693 

230 (2m If hdte) 1. Fair Charter p 
Amott 15-8 tovfc 1 Mahatted (9-1): 3. 
Oakdale 110-T|. 8 ran. NR; fira Hazard. 

Stephenson. Tote; £120. 

345 (2m IxSej 1 . Al-Mam (M Dwyer, 1-3 
Iter): 2. Gaiactl (7-1S 3 NorwtlsOe O0-1)- 
5 ran. NR Tharateos, 8L 8L pnrny 
RttGeraJd. Tot* ME £1^0. £2.76 DF: 
£3. HL CSF: £369. 

4.15 tten ch) 1 . Moray Cooea (R Lamb. 
11-10); Z HM OfffEvens fav). Only two 
fintenaa. 4 ran. 2SL W A Staptiensan. 
Tate: £3*0. DF: £120. CSF: fflS. 

448 (2m hd^ 1. Qeml Chemto»(Mr 

J Bradbume. 3-1); 2. Tra’s BhG (Everts 
tev);3. Crack-A-Jim (7-2). 5 ran. 121, 8ftL J 
Brwftume. Tote: £330; £2.40. £1 A). OR 

2 Smote (5ifi). 7Creeager. 12 New Central. 
Skee&itthi. 14 Moores Metal. Swift's PaL 
50 Sweet Andy it ran nk. 51. 5h hd. sh 
hd. a. P Cunoed at Newbwy. Tow; £4 60. 
£190. £210. £430 DF- £730. CSF; 
£2901 Tncast: £537.68. 1 mm 4l.59sec 

3L U. J Dunlop at AnnM. Tote: £2396 
£4.80. £1 80. £230. DF: £9020. CSF: 
£6603. 2 mm 0764 set 
(Mr T Thomson Jones. 1-2 M: Z. S’* 
Onhr Her (Mm K Marks. 33- 1). 3. Sancat 
(W humenreys. 25:1L ALSO RAN; 5-2 
Father Paddy (5 to). 9 Perfeo SaUraon 

345 (Un 20 1. SHRUNG SKIN (Paul 

Ecdera. 3-fl: 2. Com nten c h e Bale (R 
Cocnrane. 13-8 5avL 6 Swatoet (R 
Macnaoo. 9-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 Remowc- 
ing. 5 Peace Kemer. 10 RtofiSKte. 14 Sa 
Man Hee (StolMReport 'Em, Tam 01 
The Centuy (6to). 25 IRressa. 33 Fosuie 
(<th) it ran. a. I’il. 51. 3. Hi. P Wahwn at 
Unfioum. Tote: £870; £1.80, £1.30, 
E3.40. DF. £10.60. CSF: £22.41. 

39 <511 1. TYTtOLUE (P Cook. 

Deputy Head (P Wakron. 13 
DaamniAMcGlone. 16-11:4. 

Soy (N Carte*. 30-11. ALSO RAN: 11 _ 
seem Majority t5rni. 6 George Wiflum. 9 
Dee Boy. 10 A* Agreed, 12 Daw*. 14 
Crate Cargo. 16 Pfatme. 20 Ferryman. No 
Beatma Harts. Sfephen's Song (6toL SO 
Srtm. shared. 100 ym. 1? ran. 1*A nk. 

(Bit). 33 Warner s End (4 to). Laura s Star. 
Msnys Star 8 ran. i5L 11. 2L a. 4L D 
Murrav-Smeh at Upper Lamboum. Tote.. 
£i.7E(.' £1 20. £2. JO. £290 DF: £2020. 
CSF- £19.09 _ 

Jackpot: not were Flaeopefe £66*96 

Oakdale, no, i w. D Bswonn. Toir £260. 
£1.10. £1.70 £300 DF: £1640. CSF: 

3J> (ton if ch) 1. Drat rta to rar fM 
Pmnan. 11-6 far): Z Golden Match (15-2); 
3. Pnnce Moonrtl-4). 5 ran. 51, SL Mrs J 
Pitman. Tots: £2.10 £1.40. £280. DF; 
£S.8R CSF: £9.60. 

3J0 (2m. II hdte) 1. Saffron Lard (B 

■5ft M, hd. M. N Vigors at 

Lamboum. T«e- £1530 £280. 

£3 60. £3.70 OF- £37.20 CSF £13576 
Tncast £206660. 1mm O026sec. 

Going: linn 


3J5 (7fl 1. LOVE THE GROOM (W 

Carson. 3-1): 2. r—H ae* Action (S 
Cauthen. 8-11 fav): 3. I n cia derator (W R 
Swinfium. 13-11 ALSO RAN- 10 Luzun 
i sun. u Bay Bouavara i4tol. 33 Mean Fair 
(fitoi 6 ran snftd.2l.3i 4l.4i J Dunlop jf 
Arundel. Toa? £4 30. £1 50. El 30 OF: 
£230 CSF £5.23 )>n»>29345ac. After a 
stewards' mautry toe rest* stood. 

7-2 Gontift Darius (4pi). 12 Braney Bone 
(6toL Surf Board (5to). TrogeaqJe. 14 
Ch«o VaUez. 33 Agamsf AM Odds. Bates 
am Bran Lmtedc. Patneio. Thatch 
Avon. Try Hifls Supplies. wmcM Pharaoh. 
15 ran NR; Amadeus Rock. Green Lateet 
2M.1 :-,l. 2M. 3. 71 H Cecri at NewmarML 
Tots: £1.60. £1.10 £4.60 £1.70. DF. 
£1600 CSF- £13 TO 

4.15 (1m 4f) 1 . HEIGHT OF SUMMER (A 
Mackav. HM): ?. Hyoton fT Wftaoms. B-lt 
3. Pm E wp oe n el (W Ryan. 18-1). ALSO 
RAN 3 lav Lonutop (4to). 5 S S Santo. 7 
Cashew Kmg Son. 8 Lost Opponunty 
1 6 th). 10 Dti. Knght. UChow Lady. 16 
Fencfurch Colony. Lummata 20 Appto 
Wne. 25 Campus Boy 13 ran. ym. nk. "hi. 
l"»l nk. 0 Artbutonot at Nfiwbury. Ton: 
£850: £200. £2.30.- £60. DF: £40 40. 
CSF; £6698. Tncasc £89549. After a 
siemds' nquky toe result stood. 

Powell. 6-11; 2. Welsh Oak p-1 fe*); 3. 
Bdiywest (14-1). 10 ran. NR: Bkhonann. 
9. I'-iL L Keraarl, Tote: £840: E1.SQ. 
£1201 £3.40. DF: £720. CSF; £1823. 
Tncast £14951. 

(3m if ch) 1. Enter CmM (P 
rds. 6-lt Z Leodegrtdce (4-1 S3. 

Cootey Express 112-1 _ 

fa* 10 ran 5L 31. K faftopTrotto £7. 
£2.40. £2.00. £140. DF: CIS JO 
£2579. Tncast 2212.45. 

4J0 (2m if hdM 1. CtaMTi Slpper (C 
Brown. l-3fav):3.Clonda(94).2ran.25t 
J Bauer Tow El JO. 

Pteeqpot £ 1620 . 


Going: hrm 

5 fa*fc iSraanto Qolmanp-i).^ Sraara 
|1» 4 ran. NR: KMtiai. «L ia _N 
Chtwibenam. To» £1 80. DF: £1550. 
CSF £891. 

• Gary Carter will face probably 
the strongest opposition . ever 
when he fines up for the first 
round of foe Long John Scotch 
Whisky European Apprentice 
Championship in Sweden on 
October 16. His opponents in- 
clude Luca Sorrenrino, of Italy, 
who has ridden 100 winners, 
and Dominique Regnant, of 
France, who boasts 37 victories 
m 1 986. and beat tester Piggott 
in a photo finish at Deauville 
last season. 

648 (im lOOfifl 1. WARPLANE (J 
SleasdNe. 5-77: 2. PerabJno (J Carr, 10-7*: 
3. Etegmt Fbtotom (E Gvfist 14-1); 4. 
Sharon's Roytoe (K Bradshaw. 12-11. 
ALSO RAN: 4 fa* La Jambtoayfl. 5 
Bcserman 9WriBeWRM.10T«-Tap.u 
Forever TmgO. Mpnmsfcy (6m). 16 

Bcrartrfi. 20 Uti* a Sinto. Fjmg ZJad 
(5rti). 25 MaFY-Panss. No Cre&b*ty. 
RtjnrangBtifl.SmglB Hand. Janes Brave 
Boy. wnointiey wneets- 19 ran. iy. il 
r-,1. ’ ,L *-l CT Thornton at M to dteham. 
Tqik ES.ia £2 10. E2.4Q £720. £220. DF; 
£l8Ja CSF. £5&93. Tncast £617.88. 
Rmpft PUB 

65(1m6H1 BACKCHATlGStarfrra.5- 
1L 2. Mbs Steitoy IW C«on. 11-3) 3. 

2.45 (im 110yd) 1. PETRUS SEVENTY 
(T WAarM. 3-t fav): 2. Bhw For Heme (J 
Wwe. 7-t|: 3. Creole Bey [M tete. 20-U 

tmra tau r (W R Swmium. 4-1 jt-iavl 
ALSO RAN a |t-f3v Easier Lee. 8 Hign 
ptems. 12 Van/ Soeaaf. 14 Chucfctesnne 
(5tM. 16 Trapeze Artist. Visual Uernty 

Palace Rider. Ripstar. Toot» Jay. Tura- 

• Jorge Velasquez, who is to 
replace Cash Asmussen as first 
jockey to Mahmoud Fustok in 
France next season, has been 
booked by Paul KeHewayioride 
Mr Eats. Moonlight Lady and 
Lightning Disc ai Ascot on 

Z«S 12 m txfle) 1. Uptowe Ranrafa (M 
Hammond. 2-1 tavfc 2. Bairarmo £ 1 -*Y. 3. 

£4 70. CSF; £748. 

Blinkered first time 

ASCOT: 4 10 Sheer Royalty. MuadOb. 
ffiVm£Y:2.15 Buebany. 2.45 Tap The 
Baton. 4.45 Rum Vafay. 

Arokar (Cash -Asmnseea) can 
recaptm the promise he showed 
earlier this season by winning, 
today’s gnntp three La Coape de 
Maisons-LafBtte (Oar French 
Racing Correspondent writes). 

Alter winning the Prix 
G redid be and finishing second 
to Fast Topaze in the Lnpia hi 
the spring, Arokar finished only 
fifteenth in the Derby. 

That was deariy too Ear for 
him bat his only other start this 
season, when in the 

Prix Jacques Le Mantis over a 
mile at Deaavilk last month, 
was too short. Today's trip of 10 
furlongs looks ideal. 

no specific wrget for winners 
this season but have a lot of 
mod horses waning in the 
wings. Thai is my 2lstronnerso 

^Handsome Sail 01 "- 2 

winner woridwide for Robert 
Songster this year- Qmfkatei 
through to Iradbalf a 
out for an impressive 2%-kmgth 

victory. , . 

Bookmakers took no chances 
with the famous apneot colours 
of Lord Howard de Walden 
when Arden, 3 13-8 on chance, 
stormed home in the Garrowby 

^ a trtviewy 

as a sire for Ardross, foe d«ud 
Ascot Gold Cup winner and 
nmner-up W Akiyd^ thcPJw 
de TArc de Tnomphe of 1982. 

. > 

No action over 
Sandown slap 

The Jockey Club are to study 
a report of the incident at foe jj 
start of Tuesday's Donong, 
Stakes at Sandown Park. The 
Racecourse Technical Services 
film of the race showed at 
yesterday's inquiry that a suits 
handler gave the Henry Cecil- 
trained winner. Reference 
Point, a slap as foe gates opened. 

Steve Cauthen. foe winning 
jockey, was reminded that his 
instruction to the handler, a 
common occurrence, was never- 
theless contrary to the Rules of 

A report of foe inquiry will be 
made to foe Jockey Club but no 
action is to be taken. The 
stewards* secretary. Bernard 
Hargreaves, said: “It's not being 
sent to foe disciplinary commit- j 
tee. We would just like them to 
look into the whole thing.'* 


28 0000 SWYNPORD FRMCESS gl) KStone 7-10 —11 

7-2 Lamb Sack. 9-2 Sup rone S tela. S-1 Music. 
Woodman Weaver. 135 Worthy Prtnco, 10-1 DoMy Bab. 

Only three of the 10 horses' 
declared by John Dunlop will 
actually run today. They are 
Maksab (230 Ascot), Highland 
Chieftain (3.40 Ascot) and For- 
midable Dancer (4. 1 5 Beverley). 
Dunlop has a further seven 
horses, declared which will not 

A transmission error yes- 
terday morning meant that the 
telex relaying the stable's 
cancellations to Wefoerbys. the 
administrators of racing, cut out 
before foe signature of authority 
.appeared. By the time the fault 
had been noticed, the 10am 
deadline bad been missed. 

. A spokesman for foe Arundel 
stable said: “It happened be- 
cause of ~a power failure and 
Wetberbys would not accept the 

Dunlop will be fined by foe 
stewards at both meetings. 'A 
Jockey Club spokesman said: 
“The size of foe fine will be at 
the discretion of the local 

• David Hswonh warns that 
Floyd will only run at Ascot 
today (4.40) if there is rain to 
ease foe going. 

Going: firm 

Draw: high numbers best 

(£1.092: 51) (20 runners) 

1 0008 ALWAYS NATIVE (USA) (D) O Cfraanan 5-l<M_ — 4 

3 0200 KAREN'S STAR ID) O Chapman 9-10-1 — 17 

4 0000 TREE FELLA 0 OBpn*i»9-i(M —8 

6 OOOO.MONTBUSOMC>ramn4-%5 StteWteaytt 

7 000- OENOTM M Prsscati 3-S-3 GMMdT 

8 000- KEN SBOALL K Slone 3-9-3 HftdiZO 

9 3000 N0TOR MASTER nwf>e8ros»»3.. ffCama«n«3- 

10 0200 THE STRAY BULLETT (B) B McManon 38-3 

13 00« SWEETBREW Rb®t» 4-9-2 RHMU7) 19 

14 DM GUTSY Hot Jones 3-9-0.. RHfclS 

• 16 0002 JACOUI JOVK Fwy 3-9-0 G Batdwel (7) IS 

- 18 OOC2 NAUGHTY MONTY M Tonpwifl 3-9-0 — i. Mftaerl 

19 <203 CAUSEWAY FOOT (B) NTVwOi 2-3-0 — AHacfeay14 

22 0040 RAMTREE COUNTY FFMgue 2-60 A Mackey 11 

2« 0000 TAHAHDR HatentfMM 2-6-0. WRynlO 

25 00 BROOKMEADGMLJWdson 2^7-11 —2 

26 000 BUG8ERRY (HD Mona* 2-711 JLomS 

29 0000 MTTTML Wk&C C Gray 2-7-11 — 9 

30 04 OUR GMGBI Ron Tftanoaan 2-7-11 — 8 

31 2020 SHADY BLADE (B)K Stone 2-7-11 LCfrnacfclS 

3-1 Our (Snger. 11-2 Gutsy, Moral Magic. 6-1 The Stray 

Bidtet 8-1 Causeway Foot. Stiady Blaae. 10-1 Karan's Star. 

(£2,600: 2m) (12) 

2 0021 GUESSING KMAGHanmod 39-10 — A Ctet 4 

5 m D^(lKJn(SF)JDiraoo399_ NOtH WNNEB II 

10 3210 JOtST (riM Fraacoti 4-a-T3-_ ? 

11 040 N0HTH3BNRWBt(FR)JSVW9on 44-11 Nt farttle S 

- 12 2903 MARK GALANTE C firttsm 34-10 G Barter? 

13 3000 SOUND MTUStON H WBBtakar 4-8-10 . 


18 2210 DARK SStONA D Artwtiinot34-6. Wltewnma 

19 3400 RAMUEJ Qftenngion4-63 to Wood 5 

20 1001 MARBOSOre«RHoBrahoad544 

• ■ ACMham(7)10 

21 3020 IORQHTS HBB (D)H Wftjtolfl W.--. L_ W)tf»(h 3 . 

29 0 OUR BAM BOTTOM Chapman 9-7-10- T W Mn 1 JU 

32 0300 BOREHAM DOWN N Byoafi 7-7-7 LChmock2 

9-4 Made Gafants. 92 Guessing. 6-1 Dtefr Sfrona. Mariners 
Dream. 10-1 Jam. KragnTs Air, Rami*. 

Beverley selections 

; By Mandarin 

2. 1 5 Karen^ Star. Z45 Supreme State. 3.1^ 
Guessing- 3.45 Pearl Pet. 4.15 SolvenL 4.45" 
YaquL • 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Naughty Nighty. 2.45 Tap The Baton. 3.15 
Joist. 3-45 Black Comedy. 4.15 SolvenL 4.45 
YaquL .. . 

Im 21) (11) 

2 0000 DONOR Mrs Jflaroy 44-7 MWUenTI 

5 -300 SWISS FCP1EW J Dunkte 3-9-5 NO*MttMNSt7 

7 0000 SEVBi SWALLOWS (C-O) H COBngridga 5-flj 2 ^ 

10 40M BLACK COHHIY (D)M Ryan 3-60 PRotataHnS 

11 0000 ELAWM tem T FiAiLffrt 7-6-13 H8Ml3 

13 0022 PEARL PET P Matin 4-6-11 GBnur4 

19 0000 COLONIAL KMG tMJEOienngion 3-8-8 — U Wood 9 

22 0000 TWMDERDOME jwSJUO Dowra 3-8-5 NOayS 

23 0011 MR MUSIC MAN fofl) (BF) Mis JRaaraylMJ (Sax) 


32 -OOO SEAMERE M'TcmpMtts3-7-1 1 AMaefcayl 

33 4009 REZ) BOLT C BROen 3-7-9 Jlmml 

3-1 Mr Music Man. 4-1 Pearl Pet 6-1 Donor. 8-1 Black 

Comedy. TTundantome. 10-1 Colonial King. Seamere. 

£1,667; 51) (15) ' 

' 3 0440 THEGNEAT MATCH RIMtoafcer 87 

5 10 WORTHY PRINCE J Payne 9-2. 

6 0032 SUPRBE STATE PMrtan 9-2 

8 (BOO BECKMCHAM OEM I J LMgft 80 S Monte 4 

4.15 SANCTON STAKES (£1.645: Im 4Q (3) 

2 006- OWN UP R Whitaker 4«4 D Kdteown 2 

10 802 CASTLE ROCK J Dunlop 88-11 N0N-MMNBI4 

13 0023 SOLVENT M Jams 88-11 T Lucas 1 

14 0040 FORMUMILE DANCER J Dunlop 3-88— GDnffleld3 
19 0 WORTH DEBATMG G Ganas 3-88 JQoiw(5)5 

4-7 Sahent, 13-8 Formkfabto Dancer, 12-1 Om Up, 
18-1 Worth Debating. 

10 3031 LAMB BECK(D)JJattation 8-12 (7a*)_ LCframodk7 
ft 0432 WD006MN WBtVBI'J DoogttPHtxiw811 

18 0010 DOHTY BABY 


18 0M0 OUR HORIZON T Barron 8-7— — NCaritatalA 

22 5130 IBSS OflUMMOND (D) N Ttidsr 8-S. — KraTfrtotarlS 

23 1002 MSS MUSICJIR Martian S4 J Low 12 

24 4QH MiMftNICB flB fcw R Ue6l>hrei ILfl MlUlfk 

25 0040 


(2-Y-O: £1,602: im 100yd) (8) 

1 40 ABSMTNE D Modoy 811 R Geest 1 

4 0040 CALLAGE A Smith 811 S Webster 2 

6 004 FLAUNHNG M E DicUneon 811 GOtiHteU7 

12 022 USETa M W Eastertjy 811 T Lucan B 

17 000 NATURALLY AUTUMN C British 811 G Beater 3 

20 0 RUWI VALLEY on p Hasten 811 TWMansS 

29 0020 WB10WBAMCS Norton 811 JLow4 

30 2 YAQUT (USA) Thomson Jones 811 RHWsB 

„ 11-4 Lteate. 81 YaquL 81 WHowtw*. 7-1 Absinthe. 
81 Nanrely Autumn. 181 Cteace, RBunting.281 Ruwl VsBey. 


3m 21) (4) 

Going: firm 


(£685: 2m) (13 runners) 

3 314 EASY MNm(D)R Peacock 4-11-a POtoonae* 

4 0PP- AMOTHBtLEASONJ Cosgram 81812- TPMMd 

8 002 MO OUN 




J Ooegraw 81812. T PMMd 
~ raid 810-12 JJQukei 
81812 SHMsfrM 

1 P-34 renURDFIBENO (O) (BF) J Edwenfa 11-11-13 

2 P38 CRACK A JOKE (8D?T 8*7-11-6 RoSS 

3 0233 NATIVE BREAK (B) (USA) (C) Mrs W Sykes 9-tM 


8 -404 AYRESQME Mss Sernwn 11-180 _ BbmCTMhlllgM 
1811 Fetoard Friend. 5-2 Native Break, 9-2 Cradc A Joke. 
81 Ayrasome. 

. 81812 Gaorae Kates 
JBkmoea 81812 DtMteo 


. h 4-1810, 

PARS MATCH JJanwa 4-l8H> J White 

THACK MARSHALL OL WBtems 4-1810- Dal WMami 

22 WH TBOPWEN W II MO U Bi g Mrs J Brans 8187 KDooten 

23 834 HALLOWS! P PncBKrd 4-185 

7-4 Buektote Hil, 82 Peris Match. 11-2 Easy King. 
81 Hatoeed. 18* The R enn c un ar. MidcMn Thrang. 


j? « ^JMsasass®=!35B 

14 MF . JAFLMG (C-D) J Thocas 810-0. CLtewuO|H(7) 

8lJ^^i T ^le^ ^ Scottish Barato. 

Uttoxfeter selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Bucklow HflL 3.0 Boca WesL 330 Crack A 
Joke. 4,0 Mister Pitt 430 Wiggbum. 5.0 

M0 BHW SERIES CHASE (£>.306: 2m 4fl (6) 

^ ggBBaW! SS±: ” 17""* 

??ses awaasssiff 

n»S: 7?S, M “»■ 

SELLING HURDLE (£752: 2m 4ft (7) 

1 348 BBPOlBmKWSnOTra 811-8 

FHle fr Ite ms (7) 

3 01 -P HUECH BOY (C)WG Turner 4-11-8. Traor Tomer (7) 

6 3400 LOG CABMW 08*811-2 — -Dime Ctay 

11 2 BOCA WESTS MMor 4-11-0. Q Lnte 

15 280 ETERNAL DANCER G Bameft 878 IT MBoteby 

u 02f*- WTTY WRgt Btteaa 81811 RGeert 

16 0/8 VSIA BE FPB I R Jetfrey 81811 ■ — 


t S SSS!^S^{!fSSS ril 5->-»» 

7 811 TIERENEE T BE 811 - 1 . 


„ 82 ^ca West 81 Log Cabri, 4-1 Insglrad. 81 Hi-Tech 
Bay. 7-1 Eternal Dancer. 12-1 Ktay Wren, 281 Vera Reppm. 

»’ ss SBSaHBKYgSS^Sr* 

” *"■ ■ ! «»wffimsTairwM!l!!f!!?5£Cnl 

« a a s&auutt; sss? 


7 2212 MELStEKgMQGM Motre 11-180 MH&snaod 

Going: firm 

2.15 SCONE NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) 
(6 runners) 

2 8P1 BAKTMAS STAR Jnvny H&eerakl 811-6 Mtae 

3 0F8 DOfrtAHuS VT7s)fT*Bon8n-0_ MrMTbanpaan(fl 

6 OM HOOMMWH'K Sana 811-0 

B 2 CANE M&J. (BF) C Riornten 4-1813 DUNonn 

11 208 KAMPGLOW Ron Thoasoi 4-1813 

8 KMIPGUW Ron ThoapSOi 4-1813 

8 CAOB<ETTCWHato<-1M _ ,. 

Brans Brtows Star. 84 Cane MB, 81 Kanndaw. 

wvice huhdu 
, i i ame aBia^gsi 

Perth selections 

— - ■ 0-11-2 

14 008 IMtANGE R Johnra, 8n.o ”” * tohft a B ea iaa o Bt g) 

w mi 

*■ - - ■ ■ 

By Mandarin 

i 15 Baninas Star. 2.45 J-J-Hemy. 3.15 AUerlea. 
3^45 Border PeriL 4.15 Renrebo. 4.45 Rimsfoile. 

2.45 LUNCARTY NOVICE CHASE (£1,077: 2m) (4) 

3 FP-0 8 J- UO KIY p Baamnra 7-11-7 

, tewAA..^ W |n -.n. 

t 408 JOTOALE J Bradbcme9-i1-7 HrJBwSMna 

5 -OOF MBJLSTREAK (toss Z Green 811-7. D Hotel 

6 ffd- SWOT STREAM VltanpSOn 7-11-7 


8* Jd4femy, 7-4 Jondato. 7-2 .MMs&Bak. 81 Sworn 

CHASE (£1.150: 2m)<5)^ ^ HANDfCAP 

1 55®. Rktoarts 8li-io P7Wt 

7 008 SAteTJWJWlWneSSf^^OrrrCIfa^ 

2 40-U $n OADSL 
4 P84 Mmon-A 
6 FP42 


3m) (6) x 

1 28* ALLERLEA (D) Mss M Bfll 811-13 C Grant 

2 3*3- BLUE TARQiai<(B)(C)ffJ)j™iyRtzgaraW 7-1 1-3 


5 822 POQNENTES ( 

M Dwyer 

W A SHfoOMOn 8189 « Ln« 

I * aaas5£i!?R&s=^ vssfa 

_ . jM Rod Fescue. 83 FWw. * , 4nwTboiBpe«(7) 
6-1 erthapaate^Mo^TOi™^ 5-1 **«»» Btorona, 

Hr K Anteroom 

6 034/ CMRPBnBF&SLKTOteg 18180. 

“ral!255!E 1 2? ,u « n -»*-ra 

i'nr *i- w te te i fftera r 1 - 


Boycott may have been sacked by Yorkshire but his achievements make him part of the tapestry of the game 

T. - 








t > 
A ; 

1 i 

i ! 



Stumps are drawn on 
a single-minded 
man of Yorkshire 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

A s an accumulator of runs, 
Geoffrey Boycott has to 
rank with the greatest and 
the most dedicated of all 
lime. As a batting tech- 
nician. he has created a method for 
himself which is well nigh bullet- 
proof. As a member of a team, he 
can be shamelessly egotistical, like 
other famous and prolific batsmen 
before him. I write, advisedly, in the 
present tense. 

His record for Yorkshire will 
stand as a monument to his 
enduring ability and insatiable ap- 
petite for making runs. In his 24 
years as a regular member of 
Yorkshire's side, starting in 1963 
when he was a bespectacled, rather 
callow youth of 22. he headed their 
batting averages no fewer than 21 
times, both when they were near the 
top of the championship and 
languishing near the bottom. 

On the other three occasions, he 
was second to John Hampshire, and 
on two of those he himself averaged 
.over 30. Neither Sutcliffe nor 
Hutton, in whose footsteps Boy con 
followed, could equal that, though 
jn Hutton's case his career was 
interrupted by the war. 

To Boycott, batting is an ex- 
tremely serious business. Because it 
has so consumed him, he has found 
it difficult to relate to his fellow 
players. It is beyond his understand- 
ing how when, after nets in the 
morning, he finds few takers to 
return for an afternoon session. 

When he took over the England 
captaincy to Pakistan and New 
Zealand in 1977-78. after Mike 
Brearley had had to return home 
with a broken wrist, he tried, with 
unhappy results, to impose bis own 
single-minded precepts upon his 

He told me once that he would 
have been better suited by the 

independence of a professional 
golfer's existence: be could have 
practiced on his own, as no doubt he 
would have, from dawn till dusk. 
If. during his retirement, he should 
give the game his full attention, I 
have not the slightest doubt he will 
he a difficult man to beat 

I hate to think, though, that we 
have seen the last of him as a 
batsman. Some would say be was 
bom with a chip on his shoulder, 
but there are lots like that He is a 
good old slick really, whose pres- 
ence in the game has been a 
constant source of inspiration, in- 
dignation and inquisition. He needs 
only 1.374 more runs to reach 
50,000, which only Hobbs. Woolley, 
Hendren, Mead, Grace, Hammond 
and Sutcliffe have ever done before. 

As a milestone man. if not an 
idolater, he would love that, and I 
find it hard to believe that he will 
not be back at the crease next 
summer, tiding a county over, 
showing Yorkshire what they are 
missing and initiating some young 
batsman or other in the an of 
survival. Although 46, Boycott is 
still hard and fit and full of runs. 

The innings of his that is most 
used in evidence, either for or 
against him, is neither one of his 22 
Test hundreds, nor one of his 129 
other first-class hundreds; it is not 
even his 191 against Australia in 
1977, his lOOlh hundred scored 
before his own adoring tribesmen 
after he had come out of his self- 
imposed three-year exile from Test 
cricket, in which, denied the En- 
gland captaincy, he was the human 
lace of resentment. 

No. his innings most frequently 
recalled is the 146 he scored for 
Yorkshire against Surrey in the 
1963 Gillette Cup final. In a sense 
he gave himself away that day by 
showing that when he chose to he 

could play all the strokes, not in a 
style to give the greatest aesthetic 

S leasure but with a clinical ef- 
ciency that was to the bowlers' 
despair. His special glory remains 
the back foot forced past either hand 
of cover point. 

It is a pity if someone so articulate 
and frequently likeable, of Such 
immense statistical achievement, 
who has made enough money out of 
the game never lo want, should feel 
unfulfilled. I fancy he does, but be is 
self-sufficient enough to cope with 

He had not been about for long 
when he showed what he is made of. 
It was his first tour, to South Africa 
in 1964-65, and England were 
replying to a South African total of 
302 in the find Test match at Port 
Elizabeth. Ted Dexter was just 
getting up steam when Boycott, his 
partner, pushed Peter Pollock to 
mid-on, calling as be did so for a 
single. By the time Boycott changed 
his mind Dexter was so hopelessly 
committed that he ended up beyond ■ 
the wicket at Boycott’s end, though 
not before Boycott had got there 

There was only one thing for 
Boycott to do then. That was to 
make a hundred, which. I need 
hardly say, he did: 117, to be 
precise, in a little matter of seven 
hours. “On this occasion," wrote 
Charles Fortune, “Boycott was the 
sort of guest with whom from time 
to time we all get landed! One who 
says no to every suggestion that 
might brighten the evening, yet 
cannot take his hat and go.” 

Whether he is on the way now, 
time will telL He will be much 
missed if he is. not only in 
Yorkshire. He is a part of the 
tapestry of the game, and there are 
not too many like thaL 

Geoff Boycott’s record 

Yorkshire (1962-66) 
Tests (1964-1981/62} 
Other Ist-daas matches 
Total first-class 
One-day internationals 
GAtette Cup/NatWest 
Bank Trophy 
John Player League 
Benson and Hedges Cup 

(scoring i and 4). and IMS I 
aganst Australia at Trent E . 
was capped by Yarkshra m it 
(he county from 1971 to 1976 







100s Ave 











103 57.85 











22 47.73 











26 65.06 






—.609 1,014 




151 56.84 

264 1.459 




.... 36 





1 36.07 











1 39.37 






— 163 





2 3738 











3 44.61 






MCC v 

scorn tor 

YarfcsMrie 260 

not out. 

Bradford President's XI. Bridgetown, 1973-74. 

romsmrev Essex. Cotchester, 197a 

HlgbenTest scorn: 246 nor out England v India, 
Headaigley. 1967. 

■care: 14 a YortcsNra v Surrey. 

Loros. 1065. 

(Compflad by Smon WNda) 

Yorkshire calm 
as Boycott era 
comes to a close 

After the turmoil and bitter- 
ness of the last decade, the 
response in Yorkshire yesterday 
to the county committee’s de- 
cision not to renew Geoffrey 
Boycott's contract was sober. 
Realization that a chapter had 
been finally dosed on one of the 
most tor bn lent times in 
Yorkshire's history took prece- 
dence over stay other emotion, 
friend and foe concurring with 
the Yorkshire Pdfs verdict that 
now was the time to praise 
Boycott, not to bury him. 

Even his closest friends ac- 
cepted that this time there could 
he no back. The only 

hint of dissent came from Peter 
Briggs, one of the leading mem- 
bers of tire Yorkshire Reform 
, Group who had led tile way in 
’ tire overthrow of the ok) commit- 
tee ia 1984. 

**We will have to wait and see 
what tire members find about it,” 
Brjggs said. 

‘One person does 
not make a team 9 

“I don't expect there wS) be 
the same furore as last time, 
because there is not the same 
dear injustice, bat I think the 
decision will cost the dab 
money,” a reference to tire belief 
that some members will lapse 
their membership as a result 

Tony Vann, the lone voice on 
the cricket sob-committee 
advocating the renewal of 
Boycott's contract however, 
agreed with tire dab chairman 
Brian Walsh's expectation that 
tire decision would be accepted 
without d em u r . 

Paying tribute to Boycott 
. Vann said: “1 am proud to call 
fauna friend. His contribution to 
Yorkshire has been immense 
and. statistically, he is the 
greatest English batsman since 
the war.” Vann, however, added: 
"There will be no repeat of what 
happened three years ago. The 
matter is dosed. I accept tire 
decision with sadness but with 
grace because that is 

By Peter Ball 

while he has been ultra-success- 
fal the team have not 
“One person does not make a 
team and the atmosphere in the 
dressing room has not been 
beJpfnL So many players have 
left and become stare elsewhere 
and I think for the last several 
yeans it has been very difficult 
for players in the side who have 
been overshadowed and kepi in 
the backwater by his presence. 
One Of his faults, perhaps, has 
been Hin t he put himself above 
the game and the dub.” 

i mitinf back on his own time 
as a colleague of Boycott's, 
Close was unable to select any 
particular r p wwi g s which stood 
out. “We shared so many 
partnerships," although he 
agreed that Boycott’s un- 
characteristically aggressive 
146 against Surrey in the 1965 
Gillette Cop final remained 
firmly in the memory. 

“I went in No. 3 and gave him 
bis instructions throoghont the 
innings," Close chuckled, add- 
ing, “as captain I had no 
difficulty with him because 1 
read him straightaway and 
taught him what was required. 
The trouble came when be 
finished up running the job 

Brian dose, Boycott's prede- 
cessor as captain and now 
chairman of the cricket commit- 
tee, also spoke of his sadness at 
having to make the decision. “I 
am a sentimentalist and it would 
have been nice to say 'keep 
going, keep on breaking records* 
but as a committee, we had to 
consider the best interests of 
Yorkshire as a whole. 

“He has been x great player in 
his own era, dedicated, always 
single-minded, and in tire coarse 
of the last 20 years no-one can 
say he hasn't done his staff. Bat 

Boycott's contemporaries are 
not alone in admiring his tech- 
nique anH application. Sir ten 
Hutton, a batsman of even 
greater gifts, who had described 
the revolution in 1984 as “a 
victory for non-cricketers over 
cricketers”, was reluctant to 
discuss the decision yesterday 
bet he said of Boycott the 
batsman: “He certainly took a 
bit of getting out He most be lire 

best five-day player there has 
ever been." 

That view is echoed by Ronnie 
Burnett, another former York- 
shire captain and the chairman 
of the cricket committee who 
took the derision lo release 
Boycott in 1 983. 

Right decision 
has been taken 

“He always has been and still 
is a perfect five-day Test player. 
I'm sure he could fully jnstify 
himself in the England side even 
now," be said. Bat he has not 
been a good three-day player for 
some time. Unless it was on a 
sticky wicket, if he get a hundred 
in a normal county match H 
made it very difficult for York- 
shire to win the game, because at 
bis normal rate it takes him 
around 80 avers and that is tow 

That belief makes Barnett 
agree that the right derision has 
beea taken. 

Calling time on intimidation 

From Mr E. Ford 
Sir. I am much interested in your 
article and of its follow up — 
particularly Tim Rice's contribu- 
tion - and I agree with almost all 
his concerns and wishes. Two 
years ago. I put forward four 
suggestions for removing the 
intimidatory bowling which is 
ruining first-class cricket Since 
then, despite a mounting number 
of injuries and an augmentation of 
the protective armour required of 
batsmen, nothing effective has 
been done to arrest the decline of 
this historic national game. 1 am 
accordingly emboldened to repeat 
them. They are: 

1. That a chalk line be drawn 
across the middle of the pitch half 
way between the wickets and the 
laws of the game amended so that 
any ball bouncing on the bowler's 
side of that line should be a no-ball 
and called as such by the umpire. 

2. That bowlers must have both 
feet behind the bowling crease 
when delivering the ball.This per- 
haps is the most controversial 
suggestion but I submit that all 
bowlers, fast, medium or slow, 
would very soon adjust to it. It 
would lake the edge off the 90- 
mile5 an hour delivery. It would 
give more room for the seam- 
bowler's swerve, and be a positive 
help to the slow bowler whose 
deception depends largely on vari- 
ation and flight. Moreover it 
would make the umpires' task 
easier, both in spotting a no-ball 
and in being able to call in time for 
the batsman to react to the call. 

3. That no fieldsman should be 
allowed to wear a helmet. The 
only reason for this accoutrement 
is to enable a fielder to stand 
within a tew feet of the batsman, 
while the bowler then hurls at him 
short halls which, if he plays them 
defensively, he must do by putting 
his bal to them high in the air from 
which they are likely to fall to the 
ground within a short distance 
from the bat. Leg theory bos long 
been exploited by in-swingers, 
such as by Worcestershire's Fred 
Root, or by off-break bowlers like 
Gloucestershire’s Goddard, who 
might station three or four men 
close in on the leg side, to take 
catches but not so close that they 
needed crash helmets to protect 
their skulls from grievous harm. 
Even the much abused body-line 
bowling of Larwood, designed to 
overcome the dominance of 
Bradman, did not demand this 
“leg-trap” to be dressed like motor 
cyclists. They did not venture 
nearer to the batsman than was 
reasonably prudent for a man in 
conventional cricketing clothes. 

4. That a line be drawn at a 
reasonable distance behind the 
wicket (say 22 yards), beyond 
which no bowler could go to start 
his run. It is incontestable that 
these elongated runs are quite 
unnecessary. They slow up the 
over-rate intolerably, and lead loa 
plethora of no-balis. which were 
unheard of by the great fast 
bowlers of old. Over-long runs 
makes practice in nets and cer- 
tainly indoors, impracticable. 

If these simple measures were 
given a trial, then I believe we 
should soon get back the pleasures 
of playing and watching the game 
as it is surely meant to be played. 
Is it too much to hope that we may 
yet see Gower and Botham batting 
hatless like Percy Chapman and 
Herbert Sutcliffe? Or the guile and 
skill of slow and medium-paced 
spinners rewarded by results such 
as those achieved by Parker. 
Freeman. Laker. O’Reilly and 
Grimmett? What better fira than 
to watch a great batsman dealing 
with the uncertain bounce of a 
worn pitch, exploited by a Verity 
or Underwood? 

Yours sincerely. 


Canal House. 

23 Bloomfield Road. W9. 
September 19. 

Home fixtures 

From Dr Michael Turner 

Sir. Lovers of the game of cricket 
will have been interested to read 
your end of term report, in 
particular for the opinions of 
practitioners and well-known 
spectators as to what is wrong with 
the “English” game at the mo- 
ment. The euphoria of winning 
the Ashes not much more than 12 
months ago has soon disappeared. 
When you are winning everything 
is fine but when you lose, some- 
thing must be wrong. In truth, 
wbat is wrong today was also 
wrong while we were winning the 

However, the end of term report 
missed the vita) truth, the truth 
that club cricketers, cricketing 
parents and schoolteacher cricket- 
ers will tell you about. Colin 
Atkinson touched upon the prob- 
lem. but from the safe distance of 
Militictd School, where sport is 
not simply encouraged but pos- 
itively fed with resources. For 
many people in many parts of the 
country school cricket does not 

As secretary and archivist of 
Hull University staff cricket club, 
a club which was founded in 1949 
and which traditionally devotes 
half of its fixture list to midweek 
evening friend! v matches with 
local school staff sides. I can tell 
the readership of this newspaper 
that we have not played an away 
game since 1979. The facilities 
either do not exist or are so badly 
maintained as lo be dangerous. 
Those that would say that there is 
no place for politics in span are 
deluding themselves - life itself is 
politics - and what English cricket 
should demand is the political will 
to inject funds into providing 
decent facilities at school level. 
The curriculum is cry ing out for 
more resources, but so also is the 
physical education of our youth. 
Youre sincerely. 


Department of Economic and 
Social History. 

The University of Hull. 

September 19. 

Readers of The Times&ve their views on Original } aw G f the crease was best 
the issues raised by last week’s series, 
examining the faults and suggesting some 

cures for the game. 

Contrived finish 

From Mr Keith W. Trembling 
Sir, With the possible exception of 
four-day county championship 
matches — because of the in- 
evitably reduced number of games 
and the likely consequent effect of 
felling county dub memberships 
— may I wholeheartedly agree with 
Tim Rice's diagnosis of the needs 
of English first-class cricket. 

Particularly I would wish to 
underscore his dislike of contrived 
finishes and. forfeited innings. I 
write as a fervent, though exiled, ■ 
Surrey supporter, but deeply de- 
plore their gaining of third place 
money by means of such a 
contrived finish in their final 
game. Such machinations are 
manifestly unfair to other coun- 

May I comment too on his 
eleventh point, viz. the waiting 
time for MCC membership. Hav- 
ing waited for five years I naively 
assumed I might be getting near 
the top of the list. Not a bit of it! 
On enquiry ! was informed that at 
the present rate of turnover I 
might expect to become a full 
member in another 20 years! Since 
I shall then, if spared, be 76. I 
despair of ever getting in. While 
appreciating that there have to be 
some limits, should not the 
permitted numbers be consid- 
erably increased? Think of the 
extra income. MCC. 

Yours sincerely. 


2. Bennett Street. 



September 19. 

Playing days 

Quiet times 

From Mr J. P. F. Warner 
Sir. Your cricket correspondent 
ended the first part of his 
scries. “The state of English 
cricket” by referring to a remark 
made to us by my father. Sir 

I remember we were much 
amused that he could imagine we 
doubted his love of cricket. We 
were in a clock tower box at Lord's 
— the weather good, the cricket 
keen, the crowd, except when 
applause was merited, quiet! One 
could hear.“the patter of the 
bowlers feet'’ 

I fear that in the present cricket 
dimate if he were watching, or 
talking of the game he would 
say. “You know. Woodcock. I 
loved cricket once.” 

And he would still admire the 
writing of your cricket correspon- 

Yours faithfully. 


Winnie's Cottage. 

Hyde Common. 

Fordingbridgc. Hampshire. 
September 1 7 

From Mr Alan Rowan-Robinson 
Sir, There have been constant 
references to what is said to be a 
seven-day week for county cricket- 
ers. It should be noted that the 
cricket season this year lasted for 
153 days and the rare player who 
participated in every Britannic 
Assurance and John Player Spe- 
cial League match would be 
engaged on 88 days. In addition, 
he would be expected to be 
involved for six days against a 
university and a louring team. A 
reasonable run in the two knock- 
out competitions would take, say,* 
a further nine days. This pro- 
gramme amounts to 103 playing 
days, about two days out of three 
during the season. 

Yours faithfully. 

Round Hill Ash brook Lane. 

St Ippolyts, Hitchin, 


September 19. 

Safety first 

From Mr D. McFarlane 
Sir. I have read the marvellous 
article by your cricket correspon- 
dent on the slate of English 
cricket It sums up the position 

One aspect I have never under- 
stood. Why. should the close-in 
fielder be allowed to protect 
himself by the use of a helmet? 
The solution is obvious. He 
should field no closer than his • 
safety permits. 

Yours faithfully. 


New Mile Comer, 

Winkfield Road. 

Ascot, Berkshire. 

September 17. 

Terror tactics 

From Miss E. Poole Hughes 
Sir, 1 would simply like to say how 
glad I was to read Mr Woodcock’s 
article on the slate of English 

It is comforting to know that 
one's feelings about cricket are 
shared by experts like Mr Wood- 
cock and to see them so ably 
expressed on paper! 

To me the "terror” ta cries of 
some of the fast bowlers is one of 
the worst features of the present 
day game. 

Yours sincerely. 


St Etheiberis House. 

Castle Hill. 


September 1 7. 

Free hit 

From Mr B. Hughes 
Sir. I very much enjoyed John 
Woodcock's article in yesterday’s 
Times and agreed with every word 
of it Do you think the following 
suggestion has any merit? 

If a ball is deemed intimidatory 
by the umpire, the following 
delivery shall automatically be a 

The bowler is thus not deprived 
of his legitimate ’'bouncer" 
weapon, but suffers -the penalty 
that the batsman, if he is still 
there, is allowed a free hit The 
bowler would not avoid this 
penalty by bowling wide. 

Youre sincerely, 

4, Monkham's Avenue. 

• Woodford Green. Essex. 
September 23. 

Within limits 

From Mr C. H’. Daw 
Sir, Your cricket correspondent 
describes how the game is being 
ruined by fast bowlers delivering 
short-pitched balls. 

Surely the remedy is to mark, at 
each end of the pitch, a rectangle 
defining the acceptable limits 
within which -the ball must be 
pitched. Any delivery pitching 
outside this rectangle, whether 
short, long or wide, would be a no- 

It works well enough in tennis. 
Yours faithfully. . - _ ... 


The Red Lodge, 

Blanford Road. 

Reigate. Surrey. 

September 17. 

Underhand antics 

From Mr G. Collins 
Sir. Alter the rules, introducing a 
five pace run up to the crease Tor 
bowlcre. Those that want to ran 
1 00 yards before slinging the' bail 
at the batsman would then be 
disqualified. The game was never 
meant to be played in. such, a 
ludicrous fashion. Remember it 
started off with underarm bowl- 
ing. If underhand methods to the 
game are continued to be allowed 
then we will continue to look like a 
bunch of idiots. We will not then 
need videos, helmets and body 
armour to combat this invidious 
deterioration of our game. 

1 remain. 

Youre faithfully. 


1 Has meric House. 

Peckham Park Road. SE15. 
September 1 7. 

From The Reverend Prebendary 
WR Chignell 

Sir, May I make a few suggestions 
which I do not recall having been 
mentioned by experts, perhaps 
because they are unable to see the 
wood because of their proximity 
to the trees. 

1. When cricket began to take 
shape an agricultural chain was 

. put down and wickets were placed - 
at the extremities of this common 
measurement — ie 22 yards. 

2. A bowling crease was marked 
in line with the stumps at each end 
of the pitch. This was to prevent 
any bowler from delivering the 
ball with either foot nearer than 22 
yards from the wicket at the 
opposite end. 

3. At some time, probably in the 
last century or in the late eigh- 
teenth century, the rot set in. 
Bowlers succeeded in getting the 
law changed so that they could 
place one foot beyond the bowling 
crease provided that the other was 
behind it at the moment of 
delivery. This remained the law 
until quite recent times. 

4. Then some bowlers dragged 
their back foot quite a consid- 
erable distance and were fre- 
quently no-balled when, the drag 
went over the bowling crease. 
Incidently this must have been a 
very difficult decision for the 
umpire who had to look in two 
directions at the same time — 
upwards and downwards — to be 
really accurate! 

5. So the law was altered again 
to the present ridiculous practice 
whereby the bowling crease no 
longer serves any vita! purpose 
and the bowlers now bowl from 20 
yards, two- feet away from the 
wicket at the other end. If my 
lamentable maths are correct this 
means the batsman defending his 
wicket from the bowler is only 19 
yards and one foot away from him 
at the moment of delivery. 

I would suggest that our cricket 
law makers should re-establish the 
original use of the bowling crease. 

If this were to be done, the 
following advantages would take 
place: 1. The angle of the dan- 
gerous short-pitched bah would 
. not be so steep because the bowler 
' would be bowling from at feast 
four feet further away. 2. The 
umpire would not only have a 
better view but also would be able 
to call and signal a no-bah sooner, 
thus giving the batsman more 
chance to give the ball a resound- 
ing whack, which was always a 
special joy and very satisfactory! 3. 
There would also be no excuse for 
a bowler to ran down the pitch, as 
so often happens today. 

Ifin the opinion of the umpire a 
bowler bowls a ball which bounces 
higher than the shoulders of a 
particular batsman, he should: i. 
Call and signal a 'boundary wide' 

- i.e. bowling at a Harry Pi‘ 
this would be about four and a he 
feet, and if at Joel Garner about 
six feet something. Furtitermore 

this should be in the bowler's 
analysis. The ball is just as 
dangerous the first time as the 
twentieth time. No captain is 
going to stand for a bowler giving 
away four runs with any fre- 
quency. To safeguard against a 
captain and a bowler agreeing to 
spend a few boundary wides for 
some- reason, the umpire should 
have power to warn the captain 
that the bowler will not be allowed 
to bowl again in that match, 
should he bowl another boundary 

No fieldsman placed in front of 
the wicket, both on the off and leg- 
side may be stationed nearer than 
five yanis from the batsman. 
(Please forgive a story about this. 
Some few years ago I wrote in the 
Worcestershire county. " cricket 
year book a remark to the effect 
tbatTno sane cricketer ever 
fielded at silly-mid-off to Don 
Kenyon's batting.” Later I re- 
ceived a short note from the Rev. 
P. D. S. Blake (Oxford University 
and Sussex)?' Dear Chignell, I am 
sorry lo say that you are wrong in 
your remark about fielding silly- 
mid-off to Don Kenyon. When at 
Oxford I did — for one baiL Yours. 
P. D. S. Blake”). 

If this limit were placed on the 
fielding side, no 'armament' 
should be allowed except, of 
course, for the wicketkeeper. The 
likely results of this would be: far 
less push and prod and the 
rediscovery of splendid shots, and 
far less defensive bowling hoping 
for the deadly dull bat and pad 

Bowlers should be encouraged 
to vary their bowling so that no 
longer do we have to endure a 
great bowler like Underwood 
becoming an automaton. In order 
to achieve this the present Ibw law 
should ,be scrapped and, in its 
place the law should be something 
like this: If in the opinioa of the 
umpire a ball, wherever pitched, 
was going to hit the wicket but 
was prevented from doing so by 
the batsman's legs, he shall give 
the batsman out Ibw. If the ball 
hits tbe bat first this would clearly 
not be out Ibw. if it hits the leg first 
and then the bat an Ibw decision 
would be correct. A batsman has a 
bat with which to defend his 
wicket: to use his legs to do so 
turns him into a footballer, not a 

Such a law as is suggested above 
would give both off ahd leg 
spinners an equally good chance 
to use their skills. My old friend. 
Roly Jenkins, bowled many a 
batsman round his legs with balls 
pitched Outside the feg stump 
indeed he almost seemed capable* 
of bowling a ball that turned at 
nght angjes! Why should such skill 
be penalized today? 

Yours sincerely. 

Dene Hollow. 



September 22. 



* i 








Luton case could lead 
to a reformation 
within the League 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

David Evans, the chairman 
of Luton Town, and especially 
John Smith, the secretary, 
have had the audacity to 
storm football corridors of 
power and throw a hand 
grenade into the room occu- 
pied by the League's manage- 
ment committee. Once the 
smell of cordite has lifted, the 
explosion is likely to have 
extensive repercussions. 

The initial victims are Lu- 
ton themselves, who have 
been technically knocked out 
of the Littlcwoods Cup. Al- 
though their own high prin- 
ciples remain intact, they have 
inflicted unnecessary and 
potentially severe financial 
damage on themselves. The 
competition, though relatively 
trivia] compared to the FA 
Cup. docs after all offer the 
richest prize in British sport. 

Luton had thought that the’ 
shrapnel, which came in the 
shape of rule 1 7 governing the 
allocation of tickets, might 
pierce the resolve of the 
committee. Instead, the 
chairmen's representative 
body tch they had no alter- 
native but to expel the club 
that had taken its own in- 
dividual stand against hooli- 
ganism hv banning away 

The decision has been 
greeted with dismay across the 
land from Whitehaven to 
Whitehall but Luton could 
have avoided the collision and 
still maintained their dignity. 
Why. for instance, did they 
not agree lo play the first leg of 
their lie against Cardiff City 
cither on a neutral ground or 
at Ninian Park? 

David PJeaL for one. feels 
that his former club should 
have chosen one of the two 
options. “David Evans and 
John Smith are men of vision 
and have passionate beliefs in 
the wav forward for football 
and maybe the country and 
other clubs in their own lime 
will see the w isdom of their 

“But it may be unwise at 
this moment to impose their 
principles on other people. 
Every club should do what is 

right for themselves to try to 
solve the problem of hooligan- 
ism but providing that the 
action that they take does not 
breach the regulations of the 
competition in which they are 

Pleat Luton's manager un- 
til the dose season, was him- 
self involved in the move that 
was planned after the appall- 
ingly violent pitch invasion by 
Millwall’ssoHcalled supporters 
1 8 months 3gp. Although be is 
concerned by his forma 1 col- 
leagues lack of flexibility, he 
remains foil of admiration for 
their qualities. 

press conference at noon to- 
day) that it could cover many 
more pages in the history of 
the current season. 

It could, and indeed should, 
lead to a reformation of the 
management committee 
which has over the years 
shown itself to be wholly 
inadequate, thoroughly inept 
and hopelessly out of touch 
with the modem era. It has 
stood as an immovable object 
in the past towards progress 
and its immediate removal 
would be to the game's ever- 
lasting benefit. 

That the chairmen as a 
whole should be the most 
promimem figures is a sad 
comment on the health of 
football Far. for too many of 
them are so enveloped in their 
own substantially over-devel- 
oped ego s that they cannot see 
beyond the walls of their 
collective self-interests and 
appreciate the broad outlook. 

Outsiders, such as the late 
Sir Norman Chester and Mr 
Justice Popplewell, have been 
invited on three occasions to 
glance into the future on their 
behalf But the chairmen, 
inexcusably and shamefully. 


■ tfe 



• v'" 

■ * i 



* v ! 

. ♦ « 

i * 

Magic moment: The Zambian Dtmhill Cup team of (left to right) Sam Mwanza, Peter Sinyama and Paul Tembo 

soak up the atmosphere at St Andrews 

Zambians go house-hunting 

By Mitchell Platts 

Peter Sinyama lees off against 
the United' States Open cham- 
pion Ray Floyd in the $1 million 
(about £690.000) Dunhill Cup at 
St Andrews today knowing chat 

Pleat note of caution 

He strongly recommended, 
for example, that the last place 
in the rearranged management 
committee should be taken by 
Smith, whose main rival was 
Irving Scholar. By a curious 
twist of fate. Scholar was two 
months later to be responsible 
for inviting him to leave 
Luton and become the new 
manager at Tottenham 

Smith is an unique member 
of the committee of eight. He 
alone is not a dub chairman. 
He alone has been involved in 
the profession since he left 
school and he alone does not 
ireat the job as a hobby. 

The second round of the 
Littlewoods Challenge Cup is 
already certain to be remem- 
bered for the tie that never 
look place. The topic is threat- 

whatever the outcome he will 
refused each time to take off l0 Zambia rich enough to 

their blinkers. They hid in- buy a new house, 
stead behind a voting proce- The outcome; quite frankly, is 
dure designed to protect the a formality. The bookmakers 
hideously antiquated system, are displaying their usual reti- 

Since they are incapable of cent bonhomie by refusing to 
stepping forward together at 

anything more than a reluc- 
tant and apathetic shuffle, a 
leader must be chosen to pull 
them away from their crib- 
webs of complacency. Only 
then could fresh air be 
pumped into a structure that 
is littered with so many un- 
mistakable illogicalities and 

But who is there to 611 a role 
of such heavy responsibility? 
No list of realistic candidates 
would include a chairman but 
rather a secretary, such as 
Peter Robinson, of Liverpool, 
or Gordon Taylor, of the 
Professional Footballers 
Association, whose knowledge 
of the game is more intimate 

while at the same time offering 
20-1 against their opponents, 
odds which can only be flatter- 
ing to the Zambians. 

For Sinyama and his 
compatriots. Paid Tembo and 
Sami el Mwanza, have about as 
much chance of advancing past 
round one as they have of 
plugging a hole in Zambia's 
KaribaDamwitha 1.68 Dunlop 
Maxfli golfball. 

If that does not pul their task 
into perspective then Mwanza’s 
admission that he has never 
made a half-way cut in a 
tournament with an inter- 
national field, should explain 
everything as he faces Mark 

ening to become so expansive w t lose insight is thus more 

(Luton are to stage their next objective. 

Kelly gives the League’s side 

O'Meara, the winner of more 
than 51 million in five years on 
the US Tour. 

The Zambians, one of the 16 
three-man teams participating 
in this medal match-play event, 
wilL. nevertheless, win $5,000 
each for simply playing 18 holes 
on the Old Course; 

“It is a fortune,’' said 
Mwanza. aged 43. “I could 
never save it in my life. 1 will 
probably buy a house when I go 

Mwanza has never been to 
Britain. “St Andrews is not a 
bad place to come to on your 
frrat trip if you’re a golfer!” be 
added His usual duties involve 
working alongside Tembo, the 
professional at the Lusaka dub 
where he is the course 

He previously worked as a 
depot manager for Rothmans. 
“A friend of mine was a caddy at 
Lusaka.” explained Mwanza. 
“He has some assorted clubs 
and he showed me how to play 
one day. We used lo bit balls in a 
field Then one of my bosses at 
work asked me if I played golf. 


He said he would pay the green 
fees for me to have a round at 
Lusaka. After that he offered to 
pay my membership and he 
bought me some dubs.” 

By contrast Tembo and 
Sinyama arc more familiar with 
the international arena. They 
have played in the British 
Caledonian pro-ams at 
Gleneagles and they tried un- 
suecesswlly, to gel their Tour 
cards at the European school at 
La Manga, Spain, in 1984. 
Tembo has also played in the 
Benson and Hedges inter- 
national events at Fulfoid and 
St Mellion. 

“But we have never seen 
anything like St Andrews." said 
Tembo. “If it rams and gets cold 
we will be in trouble. We would 
need sweaters to keep warm but 
we cannot put too many on for 
fear of not being able to swing. 
Hitting off the tee is no problem 
and I think we will be all right 
with our second shots. But the 
big greens here are so fast that 
they will kill us. In Lusaka the 
greens are very small and the 


Graham Kelly, the Football 
League secretary, yesterday re- 
plied to criticism of the manage- 
ment committee's decision to 
expel Luton Town from the 
Littlewomfs Cap because of the 
first division dab's ban on 
visiting fans at Kenilworth 
Road. He said that three im- 
portant facts had either been 
omitted or giren scant attention 
by the critics and R was im- 
portant that all the facts became 
public knowledge. 

Kelly said: “Since Luton's 
decision to ban away supporters, 
there have been three opportu- 
nities at League meetings for 
them to seek to amend the rales 
governing the allocation of tick- 
ets to away supporters. They 
failed to lake any of these 

opportunities. The management Litdewood's Cap are on a sad- 
committee sought to achieve a den-death, one-leg basis'" he 
compromise by asking the dub said. 

to provide rickets for visiting “Luton are not alone in then- 
dubs* season ticket holders wish to eradicate hooliganism 
and/or recognised members of from oar national sport. It is for 
the visiting dubs' membership this my reason that the 
scheme. management committee agreed 

“The League also offered the to the banning of away support- 
alternative compromise of allow- ers at all Latou's home leagEs 
iug both dubs involved to agree matches, and Luton’s fallow 
to play the match, originally league member dnbs are keen to 
scheduled for Kenilworth Road, evaluate the efficiency of their 
at a neutral venue. Luton did not system over the 21 league 
fed able to accept any of these matches this season. Latou's 
compromises. The League have policy of banning all away 
accepted Luton’s decision to ban supporters flies in the face of 
away supporters daring this what was agreed hi Downing 
season's league competition, as Street last Jidy when dubs were 
the championship is decided on urged to support reciprocal 
a home and away basis whereas recognition of each others 
several rounds of the membership schemes.” 














371 yd* 






- 463yt*t 












































ball lands dead on them. Here 
the bad runs. 

"We have some good caddies 
here. The best I have ever 
known. My chap says hit a quiet 
eight-iron and l follow bis 
instructions and. sure enough, it 
finishes on the green. Bui how 
do you gel that ball in the hole 
here. 1 cannot find the answer. 

"We know how tough it will 
be. But 1 have told Peter and i 
Somiel just keep your head i 
down. man. and really go — fly I 
up. We've got nothing to lose.” 

Tembo; gged 45. was working 
as a mechanic in a garage when I 
his boss asked him to caddy in 
an afternoon match at Lusaka. 
He was hooked on the game and 
later worked in the professional 
shop, reaching a plus one handi- 
cap as an amateur before turn- 
ing professional in 1975. He 
took over as the dub pro- 
fessional two years bier. - 

Sinyama. aged 33. who is the 
professional at the Chainama 
club, also in Lusaka, gulped 
hard when I told him that Floyd, 
his opponent, had won the US 
Open earlier this year. The 
former furniture salesman said: 
“I saw him at a cocktail party 
here on Tuesday night but 
nobody introduced us so I guess 
m see him next on the first tee. 
I'll shake his hand and ask him: 
■Can you give me a chance?* 

Zealand <9amjr M Moufencf v 6 Tumor / 1 
Woosnam v F nomck P Parian v R 
Claries. Japan v South Korea (SUo* T . 
Nakapma v Qkh Youn-Soo; T uzaki v 
Choi Sang-Ho; N Ozato v Gho Ho-Sang. 
Canada v Swodan (10.20): D Barr v El 
Lamer; R ZCfcod v O Sateorn. D 
HaMorson v A Forsbrand. US v Zambia 
fllJC R Boyd v P Snyanw M O'Meara v S 
Mwana; L Wadtocre v P TatTOo. Scammer 
v Indonesia (11.30): S Torrance v 
Sunamo: G Brand Jnr v M Naastm; S Lyfe 
v E Tacftyra. England v Aiyentma 
(12.10pm): H dark v V Fernandez: G J 
Brand v A Sowa; N Faldo v A Saavedra. 
Auatrafia v Rah (12J50J: H Davis v C 
Rocca: G Norman v G CaC: D Graham v B 
Dassu. Span v inland (1.30); S 
Batesteos v R Rafferty: J fswra v D 

accept any of these matches this season. Latou's 
s. The League have policy of banning all away 

Gilford making first-class progress 





vl y 


24 PTS £6,083 

23 PTS 

C bates dmlmds id mm of Via. 




ond round, firat l« Arsenal 2. Huddars- 
fiotd 0. Barnsley 2. Tottenham 3: Bradford 
Oty 2. Newcastle 0; Brotd Ctty 2. 
Sheffield limed 2: Cambridge tinted 1. 
Wmttedan 1; Charton 3. Lincoln 1; 
Cove rary 3, Rotherham 2; Huff 1, Grimsby 
ft Liverpool ift FiOnm ft Mtofesbtougfi 
2. BmnrMftam £ OUfwn 3, Loads 2; 
Preston 1 . West Ham 1; OPR 2. BfecWaan 
l; Scunthorpe 1. Ipswich Z Sheffield 
Wednesday 3. Stockport 0: Shrewsbuy 2. 
Stoke 1; Southampton 3. Swindon ft 
Southend 0. Manchester Cay ft Swansea 
0. Uhcestar Z Watford 1. Rochdus 1: 
York 1. Chelsea ft CMKtfladE Luton v 
Cardiff | match awarded to Cardiff) 

SKOL an*: SemHM: Cette 2 (eat score 
at IvN-tane 2-2. Celtic won 5-4 on 

Another superb round of golf 
by David Gilford, a Walker Cup 
player last year, placed him well 
in front in the PGA qualifying 
school at Foxbiils yesterday. A 
second 70, three under par. 
carried him four strokes ahead 
of Wraith Gram, a Cuddington 
assistant (72.72), and a Walker 
Cup colleague, Sandy Stephen 

This was not quite the 
immaculate Gilford of the day 
before, when he never once 
deviated from fairway or green, 
but his short game adequately 
covered such minor imperfec- 
tions as there were elsewhere. 

A nine iron into a bunker at 
the first and a four iron which 
was short on the 195-yard fourth 
set him back a shot in each case, 
but he extracted fours from all 

but one of the five long holes 
and his putter, in splendid touch 
yesterday, holed from 20 feel for 
a two at the short eighth. 

John Hawkswonh, yet an- 
other of the Walker Cup class of 
*85. had a less comfortable 
round, but his 76. allied to a 72 
on Tuesday, beat the guillotine 
by several shots. Thus he goes to 
La Manga for the second time in 
search of his tour players* card 
in November. Last year he 
failed at the final hurdle of a six 
round tournament in Spain. 

Two other distinguished for- 
mer amateurs fell mgloriously 

By John Heauessy 

ong holes match-play champion of 1983. 
idid touch ran up an II -over-par 153 (80. 
20 feet for 73). 

fo. Stephen Rolley. in contrast to 

yet an- Laurence, made spectacular 
ip class of amends for his first-round 80 at 
mfoitable Si l verm ere with a six-under-par 
rd to a 72 65. a course record. One over 
guillotine par after four holes yesterday. 

scoring average in the PGA 
southern section, 70.5. His great 
strength is bis long, accurate 
driving, his principal weakness a 
sometimes in obedient putter. 

Gflonl. 7ft 70. 144: W Grant 72. 72; S 
Stgjten. 74, 70. 146: G Broadbent 72.74. 
VTfiP Evans. 73.74; W Winonas (SA). 73. 

Rnllwv n 74: D strtng. 72. 75. 148: J Haw fcwbrti. 

Rolley enjoyed a purple patch of 72 . 76. o Banka <usj. 74, 74 .- jsrannand. 
three successive birdie threes 7i. 77: s Tmning (Denmark), 77 , 7i: d 
before the turn and he bad four 

moire coming home. 7^78 ' G 8raa * 77 ' 721 J Hostason ' 

pion of 1984. had a two-round 
total of 1 55 <80. 75). while at the 
second course. Silvermere, 
Craig Laurence, the England 


10 HOMES. 




CENTRAL LEAGUE: HntdMston: Roffv- ' 
Oian 4. Port Vale t. Postponed: Derby v 
Not ano B am Fwusl 

raond leptays: Dorking 2, West Wcfcham I 
0: Nortnwood 1. Hjrmgey 4; Rusriafl ' 
<Oiy«nt»c 2. Raong Club Warwick I.Bnstol I 
Manor Farm 3. Port of Bristol 1: Coventry 
Sporting 3. Rosbden 1 . { 








Weanstooe 0. Maidttone ft 
MULTIPART LEAGtB:: Gainsborough 1. 
Madock 2. Morecamee 1 . South Lmwpooi 
1. Witton2. Choriey 3. 

VAUXHALL-om. LEAGUE: Second dt- 
vJsfcm tools Ftackwes Haam 0. Marlow a; 
Mwopuan Pobce 1. CamOodey Z 

Egban 2. Patarsfiekt 1. 

AC OELCO CUt BasDdan 1 . Banstud 0: 
Worthing z Saffron Wikian Town 2 (aet 

LORO'S: Cross Arrows 271 tar 8 dec. Trmg 
Park 271 tog Man* ted. 




£ 19,094 



24 pts 
23 pts 
22 T apts 
22 pts 


Tirtlr- Chann: Dividends (O Umi3 Of 


10 HOMES £801-00 

(Nothing Barred) 




(Nothing Bancd) 

Above Dwidomis to Umts of 70p 

For coupons Pfrooe 01-200 0200 

Bcrefumwod ft Hscfan 1 . atencay ft 
Hendon z WhytatoBfe 1: Maidenhead 4. 
Tooting and Mi tc ham ft Chattora St Peur 

0. Bognor Z Epsom and Ewes 0. 
SouthmCk Z HarafieM l. Grays Z Kernel 
Hemnsmaa 3 Wmenhoe Z Hereford Z 
Uxbncge ft Kfiytjndge i, Kmmtonun ft 

Leinotisiooe and word 4. wawtam ft 
Walton and t ier sham 1. Fettham ft 
Ra/fltam ft Havas 3: Uwaxi/Wmaats Z 
Wemttey > faet). St Atwns City 4, 
Wotangnam « («*). Btshoo Stanford 1. 
Croydon 2 (aeft CWord City Z Tifcury 3 
CaetL CDcnsey 5. L e t c nwortn GC 4 (aat); 
Hungertoni Town 3. Chasten 4 (aesi. 
Drat matt BasmgstoM 3. Burnham and 
HAngdon 1; &nmsgniva 1. Smuttridge 
ft Bucdwigten a. Le a mington ft Cnwtoy 

1. Hastings i. Dantora Z Enth and 
Belvedere 2: Dover 2. Fdkestane 1: 
Fisner 2. Gravesend ft Forest Green 
Rovers 2. Witney ft GkMCsstar 1 . Merthyr 
1: Moor Green 7. Bteton ft fieddrtch 3, 
Halesowen 3: Rusbp 1. Aylesbury 1: 
Sheppey 1. Chatham LThanet 3.Camar- 
Oury l. Thwcndge 3. Dorchester ft 
tvattftoowfle 5. Andover 2. MMenftal 0, i 


Phone 0 1 -253 5376 

UP& t/Pqoes 15'3'fp PJBfOOTl 


£4 Pis . £1,026.25 
23 P* ... £13.00 

22's Pis 

£ 2.20 
. 20 . 


Or. L ta H MMl K Hr lkkMri 

3:V(3rtfardTown2. Uxbndgeft WoMng2 (Uaft ATieiMaft 
Leatiwfhe2d2|aettPo»tpoded:Covewy imm. tt •» Bor 
Sporimg v Mile Oa k Rov ers. uau»LJL«w (*i 

mier dbifet Ctandown t. Weston- 

ESSOC SEMOH LEAGUE Homcfa ure n 2. 


2. Cdber How 3. Stansted 2. Harlow 1. 

CAPITAL LEAraJErWyconSieWandornrs 

SMRDiaFF BttSH LEAGUE: Cotefera 1. E(Jnwl9? 



Myreadei. _ ^ national leag 

CUB MATCHES: BfeCkhaath 31. Guy's House 35. 
Hostwai 0: Hawck 10. Gostenh 6: toole; junto i 
KMjntey a RAF 28. Oncefled: Wararkxi iAcxmi. IS on. 2. 
vWamuow. 3 D Rosa i&swess 

SCHOOLS MATCK MaHem 1. ftghgm Z 
BUENOS AIRES: South American 
uwrtaitoes Cum &*bp Aji S emi-tete Rwer 
Plato (Aral 4. Bvealona of GuayaquMEo) 1. 
GiMB A pmaorr 1. Rnw Plait jfeyM 3. 
pcxVs S: Z Barcelona. 3 Z Argmuws 
Jurors lAig). 2. 1. 

SINQAPORC: Womttfa wortv« jh aiBpfen- 
■tex FW round: 7S: KB« Knm 77 : G 
Gotan (Fran. 79: V temagtn. lSrgg*£ 
•ft u owa (Sng) SI: P Goh (Sing): H Um 
(UalL A T» |M* 8ft C SnHm (PhOjATan 
iMan. S3: N Bunv^eu'IThift 7 BhABwa 

UapaoLJ Uew(Mal) , 

LLANDUDNO: FcmdMiaA ethootf ctenyt- 

onsUpt 341 Ysgd 

head comprwwnsma Be« inttokto* C 
Davies (Ysgoi Emrys toanL 77. 


SCHOOLS MATCHES: Radlev S7. Rateng ft 
Rugby 5*. Lawrence Sfcemff 9- UCS <7. St 

SAN FRANCISCO: fikend nrac Hrst round 
cue results) (US unless stated* 6 Sctutz ot 
C van fleftsburg ISA), 74. 9-4; J Sadn. tn M 
Aiwer. 6A 6-4, A Jfliryd (Swe) Bt T WHskan. 
6-L 6-2 


NATXMAL LEAGUE: Ubm Keynes 42. Rye 
House 35 

POOLE: Junto grand one 1. W Jamas 
i Portal. IS nts. 2-G CtwtoaH (Hatley) 13, 
3 0 Rosa (BeiwngharnV n. 

On the list 

Phil Johnson, the Leigh 
scrum-half has been transfer- 
listed at his own request at 
£20.000 after losing his place 
10 the Australian. Mike Davis. 
Andy Ruane, who has lost his 
place in ihe Widnes side to 
another Australian. Phil 
Mckenzie. has also been listed 
at £15.000 after asking for a 

Rolfey's age, in tire 30s, and 
his score on Tuesday suggest 
that his aspirations, unlike 
Grant's, may be limited. Indeed 
Russell Gardener. the 
Cuddington professional, has 
high hopes of Grant, aged 25. 
prospering now that he ts being 
given every opportunity play in 
tournaments. He has the lowest 


Li’s target 
of six gold 
medals foiled 

Seoul (Reuter) — China’s 
ambitious gymnast U Ning fcO 
from grace in a dramatic ending 
to the Asian Games competition 
here yesterday. Only 24 hours 
after talking about collecting six 
gold medals. Li was outclassed 
in three of his five events by 
Yung Yucshan. a compatriot, 
and by the South Korean, 
Kweon Soon Seong. 

Yang beat U into second 
place on the horizontal ban and 
pommel-horse while in the par- 
allel bars Li finished a distant 
sixth as Kweon and a South 
Korean team colleague. Park 

Jong Hood, won the top 
plarings. The sixth men's in- 
dividual event — the vault — was : 
won by another Chinese. Lau 

But the perfectly-propor- 
tioned Li made no mistake in j 
the floor exercises and the rings, 
where he is the reigning Olym- j 
pic and world champion, ft 
brought his collection of gold 
medals here to four. 

In swimming. China finally 
cracked Japan’s dominance, 
capturing four more golds 
including the 4 x 100 metres 
freestyle relay in which the top 
Japanese. Kaisunori Fuiiwara - 
the first athlete to win three 
golds at the games - felled to 
make up the two-second gap 
needed for victory in the final 

^Thirty milesawav on the edge 
of the sprawling South Korean 
capital, a I6-year-old Filipino. 
Ramon Banblo. won the golf 
championship after a sudden- 
death plavoff with the 46-year- 
old Urn’ Ki Bub. of South 
Korea. This was despiteTi two- 
point penalty for failing to 
replace a marker correctly in foe 
final round while playing 
Takahiro Nakagiwa. of Japan. 

SU.VB1HERE: 139: J Bennett. 89, 70. 
141: R McFariana. 70. 71; H Buhrmsnn 
(SA), 71. 70; M MDer. 72. 89. 143: A 
Baoulgv, 70, 73. G Farr. 72. 71: B Norton 
QJSJ. 70. 73. 144: 5 Townund, 71. 73: J 
Spence. 68. 78: R Kaplan (SA), 74. 70; C 
GBes. 70. 74. IAS R Mete* (US). 73. 72: 

J Pmswt. 71, 74; & RoHey, 80. 65: R 
JCWe. 7I. 74. ?4& j Lcmbz (Sprint. 7Z 
74; M Supple, 71. 75: ACurritL/3. 73: A 
Cotton. 71. 7ft R Adams. 76. 70:8 Bobbitt 
(US), 71. 75. 



7-30 unless staled 

CggtM Pfeaca (ZUh Chartnn v Bristol 
Rovers (3D). 

Caj^ ^ tfvfefai: Dertiy | 

v Nottingham Forest (7.ft. 

I F A B U& C ardiff v Newpon (2.0) 
Watford v Fufeam. 

BASKETBALL: Carisharo National Lea- 

, ll5^t285£2 m » M " a * a ' , 

GOLFs. Durtfifl Cup (at St Andrews): Golf 
Foundaaon sgioote ctenptonstnps (at 
Wtuttwm and Tavtstock). 

IC E SKA TING: Sr Ivef Alternation^' 
(H ctwno iwQ. 

SF^ lWAY: Bnush League: Ipswich v 
Cradtav Heam: SheffWdvOridiriTsvrai. 

don v foila Vue. National League: Arena 
Es&ex v Poakr. MiddlasbtDtqhvExgter 


Big match 
set for 

By David Hands 

The first international match 
between Wales and Scotland to 
! be plaved at undcr-21 level will 
be held on April 25 at 
Wrexham's Bryn Estyn ground. 

I The North Wales town is more 
accustomed to staging inter- 
national footbalj at the Race- 
course ground, so it will be quite 
a fillip to an area somewhat cut 
off from foe mainstream of 
Welsh rugby and whose natural 
affiliations are more with 
England's north west 

Indeed three North Wales 
dubs. Wrexham. Colwyn Bay 
and Ruthin, all applied to join 
the Girobank north-west league. 
But though they received per- 
mission from foe Welsh Rugby 
Union, the Rugby Football 
Union — feeling foe league was 
designed to improve English 
rugby — were not as 

North Wales as a rugby 
playing region has had its mo- 
ments in the spotlight — when 
they defeated Tonga m 1976. for 
instance, rather than in 
overwhelming defeat by the 
197 9 Romanian tourists — and 
there was genera] delight when 
Tony Gray, their area repre- 
sentative to the WRIT since 
1979. became the national coach 
last season. 

They are hoping, too. that if 
sufficient sponsorship becomes 
available north Wales may play 
host to the Fijian Barbarians, 
who are due to tour Europe later 
this year and are-looking for a 
fixture in early December. But 
foe area, a combination of 
Clwydd and Gwynedd, gets its 
main competition in the Welsh 
county championship. 

To this end they play a 
friendly game next Wednesday 
at Carlisle against Cumbria, 
who begin their own campaign 
in foe Thorn EMI County 
Championship against Durham 
a fortnight later. North Wales 
beat Cumbria J5-3 when the two 
sides met for the first time last 
season, and there are Welsh 
hopes that a fixture may be 
organized with Cheshire in the 
near future. 

The team to play at Carlisle 
was to be confirmed last night. 
Although it was felt unlikely 
Arthur Emyr. the Wales B and 
Swansea wing, would be asked 
to play for them. Gary Williams, 
foe Orrell scrum-half was ex- 
pected to be selected after his 
recovery from a fool injury 
sustained in a charity cycling 

Williams is due to return to 
Orrell's side on Saturday, at 
home to WakcfiekL a fixture 
arranged because Blackheath, 
Orrell's scheduled opponents; 
play a John Player Special Cup 
first round match at Saffron 
Walden this weekend. 

Orrcfl will be without 
Langford, their captain and full- 
back- who is away in Florida. 
Tabemer takes his place. In foe 
second row Bricrley replaces 
Kim mins, foe England B lock 
who was injured on Sunday 
playing for a northern jubilee 
XV against Sale. The club hope 
to see Peter Williams, their 
England squad full-back, some- 
time next week after his return 
from Australia but he is not 
expected to be available until 
later in the month. 

Kelly in lead 

Brussels (Reuter) - Guido 
Bomempi. of Italy, won a 
sprint finish to the ISO-mile 
Pans jo Brussels cycle race 
yesterday his second classic 
victory of the season. 


Continued from page 41 «kon Leicester squ 


Ek-I1»% Vr«M’< THE DECUE 

8 05 F 1)1,1 M s 15 *-30 

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«**«sra»s ES 1 ?** «» 

trouble m IHS—Ruuiiiiifc -. 


~ J : 

1 - 

6 00 Ceefax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Tkna with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood m London and 
Nick Ross at the Liberal 
Assembly In Eastbourne. 
Weather at 8.55, 7.25, 

7*55, 025 and 055; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6 57, 7.27. 
l-Sf and CL27; national and 
international news at 7.00. 
7.30, 8.00, 8.30 and 9.00: 
Sport at 7 JO and 8.20; and 
a review of the morning 
newspapers at 8.37. Other 
[terns include Dr Richarti 

■ > Smith's 'phone-in medical 

& advice.' 

9-20 Liberal Assembly 1988. 
The debate on energy. 

10.30 Play School, presented by 
Jane Hardy. 

*6-50 Liberal Assembly 1988. 
The debate on food and 
farming; and question time 
on the environment 

12.30 approximately 
Internat i onal Qotf. The 

Dunhill Cup from the Old 
Course. St Andrews. 
Sixteen three-man teams 
compete in the richest 
tournament in golf history 
with the winning team 
members picking up a 
cheque for $100,000 each. 

1.00 News After Noon with 

, Frances Cover dale and 
( Moira Stuart, includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles. 125 Regional 
news and weaffler.1.30 
Mop and Smtff. (r) 1.45 

2.00 Lftwral Assembly 1986. 
The debate on freedom 
and choice for women 
&52 Regional news. 

355 Scragtag and Hit Tea- 
Time TeOy. For the very 
young 4.10 Sebastian the 
utcracfible Drawing Dog! 

- with Michael Barrymore 
4.15 Beat the Teacher. 

Paul Jones presents 
another round of the 
pupils versus teachers 
quiz. 4.30 Dungeons and 
Dragons, (r) 

1 455 John Craven’s 

Newaround 5.05 Blue 
Peter. Mark Curry risks his 
life riding through a wan of 
fire with the Hoftywood 
Stunt Team; a beJHgerent 
Kermit flies in from the 
States; and there Is the 
story of the battle of 
Rourke's Drift, the 
engagement which 
produced the most VC 
awards, one of which is 
being auctioned this week. 
In the studio is the remains 
of the Russian cannon 
from which aH the VC 
medals have been made. 
(Ceefax) 5.35 The 
. FTmtstones. 

■ 6.00 News with Nicholas 

Witched and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather. 

6.35 London Phis. 

7.00 Top of the Pops 
presented by Janice Long. 

7.30 EastEmtors. Will there be 
any just cause or 
impediment at the 

8.00 Tomorrow's Worfd. This 
first of a new series 
includes news of the 
stealth aircraft which 
shows up on radar with 
the same profile as a 
humming bird; a new type 
of advertising hoarding; 
two new and remarkable 
cameras; and a fix-on 
caterpillar that can turn a 
domestic vehicle into a 

8.30 Lenny Henry Tonfte. The 
comedian and his wife. 
Dawn French, play a 
liberal minded couple 
whose good citizen 
intentions are strained 
when their house is used 
by the police to launch an 
SAS type raid on a dreg 
dealing neighDour. 


9.00 News with Julia SomervUta 
and John Humphrys. 

9.30 In Sickness and in Health. 
Alt's patience is tested 
when he has to cook his 
own Sunday meal. 

10.00 Conference Question 

Time from Eastbourne. Sr 
Robin Day's panellists are 
Gerald Kaufman, David 
Steel, lan Wrigglesworth, 
and George Younger. 

1150 International Goff. 

Highlights of the day's 
play in the Dunhiit Cup. 
1150 Weather. 


Today’s television and radio programmes 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


6.15 Good 

Morning B 
itedby Anr 



and Adrian 
Brown. News with David 

Foster at 620, 7.00, 720, 
820, 820 and SlOG; 
financial news at 626; 
sport at &40 and 7.40; 
exercises at 655 and 9-17; 
cartoon at 725; pop music 
at 725; Jen! Barnett's 
postbag at 825. The After 
Nine guests are John 
Francombe and. 
discussing the plight of the 
one-parent farnfly, Claire 


925 Thames news headlines. 

9.30 For Schools: a day in the 
life of an ambulance craw 
JM2 The tale of the 
Tortoise's Tug of War 954 
Human families and thair 
wildlife equivalents 10.11 
A dramatized version of 
the musical story of Peter 
and the Wolf 1028 Bones 
in action 1(L45 How design 
is assessed 11.03 Fast 
Forward, a play by Roger 
McGough. 1120 Advice 
on writing poetry 1,1.37 
How We Used To Live; 
families face up to the 
problem of drunkenness. 

*2 20 Thomas the Tank Engine 
and Friends. A repeat of 
yesterday's adventures 
12.10 Putfcfle Lane. 

Puppet show, (r) 1220 
The SuUrvans. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 

Parkin 120 Thames news 
1.30 Levkas Man. Drama ' 
serial about a man 
searching for his missing 
archaeologist fattier in 
Greece. 225 Home 
Cookery Club. Steak and 
Kidney Pie. 

220 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on football violence. 

Among those taking part 
are Graham Kef' 
secretary of the 
League; George Best; and 
John Carlisle, the MP for 
Luton. 320 Take the High 
Road. .325 Thames news 
headlines 320 Sons and 
Daugh t e r s. 

420 FHckS. Christopher 
LHficrap with the tale of 
The Wizard of Wallaby 
Wallow. 4.10 Daffy Duck. 
Cartoon, (r) 420 Animals 
in Action. Ocktibes of the 
animal worfd. 

4.45 Dramarama: Jessie’s 
Place, by Adel&Rose. The 
story of two teenagers 
from different 
backgrounds who 
discover when their paths 
cross that they have a lot 
in common. (Oracle) 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge game for 

5.45 News with John Suchet 
6.00 Thames news. 

625 HelpIViv Taylor Gee with 
news of the Invalid Care 

625 Crossroads. Jifl is the 
subject of two men's 

720 Emmerdafe Farm. The day 
of the Beckfndale cricket 
match dawns. 

720 Fresh Fields. Hester takes 
WiHiam for a duty free trip 
to Boulogne. Starring Julia 
McKenzie and Anton 
Rodgers. (Grads) (see 

8.00 Film: Famfly Ffight (1972) 
starring Rod Taylor. Dina 
Merrill and Kristoffer 
TaborL A made-for- 
teteviston drama about a 
feuding family who are 
forced to pull together in 
order to survive after the 
'plane in which they are 
Hying crashes. Directed by 
Marvin Chomsky. 

920 This Week: Wholly Ailed? 
Jonathan DimWeby talks 
to David Steel and David 
Owen about the Alliance's 

1020 News at Ten with Carol 
Barnes and Alastair 
Stewart Weather followed 
by Thames news 

1020 Ice Skating. Highlights 
from the final day of the St 
Ivel International. 

1120 Kojak. The New York 

detective is suspicious of 
a string of arrests made by 
a fellow officer hoping for 

1225 Night Thoughts. 

Trevor Howard: The Gift Horse, 
on Channel 4, at 225pm 

Ken Harrison's film 1918 
(Channel 4, 9.30pm) makes a 
good job of concealing Its 
stage origins. And it would have 
made an equally good job of . 
concealing Its studio origins if the 
head of a microphone had * ’ 

not been permitted to pop into . 
the top or the picture from 
time to time, noticeably in the 
Red Cross office and the 
bedroom. I must admit that 
Initially, I feared the worst for 
this sad taie of a Texan town in 
the last year of the Great War 
when I Hstened to Robert 
Duvall ( could this reedy be 
the Robert Duvall ?) singing Keep 
. the Home Fires Burning 
. under the opening Wes in an 
arrangement that f$ 
anachronistic by a margin of 
something like 30 years. But 
neither the, nor the time-warping 
microphone, ought seriously 
to get in the way of your 


admiration of writer Horton 
Foote's evocation of a time and 
place when Death was as 
devastatingly active on the fiu 
from as ft was on the . 
battiefront Indeed, as a period 
piece about American small- 
town fife, 1918 Is as encyfopedic 
as were Hollywood movies 
like Kim's Row{ to be screened 
on BBC2. this coming 
Saturday), The Magnificent 
Ambersons, and TneUttie 


• Despite recent lapses into 
silliness in the plots and 
excessive mugging by some 
of the supporting players. John 
Chapman's FRESH RELDS 
t fTv, 7_3Dpm) is far and away the 
best of the current batch of 
British-made sit-coms. It owes 

much of its success, of - 
course, to the pairing of Julia 
McKenzie and Anton 
Rodgers. They are as wen 
integrated as Laurel was with 
Hardy, or Morecambe with Wise, 
or Judi Dench with Michael 
WiiLams (in A Fine Romance). 

• Radio choice: An operatic 
treat tonight, with Radio 3's live 
transmission of the Welsh 
National Opera’s flax? cycle at 
the Royal Opera House, 

Covent Garden.getting off to a 

good start, with The. 

Rhindgok/ (750pm). If you prefer 

the spoken word, there's the 
1986HibbertLecture(Rado4, . 
7.40pm), given by the Cohn • 
Morns, the SBC s Head of 
Religious Broadcasting. The 
theme.- the theology of the 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

655 Open University: Is Soda! 
Science Necessary? Ends 
at 720. 920 Ceefax. 

925 Open Sehoofc episode one 
ol a five-part drama in 
French 952 Comparing 
the economies of Ghana 
and the UK 10.15 Different 

Diploma level courses 
11.40 Fatty Pat feels the 
odd one put until she is 
taken for a spin on her 
brother's friend's 

12.12 How some of the soap 
operas explore the 
problems of growing up 
12.45 Ecology and 
conservation 1.05 A 
beginners French 
language course, (ends at 
120) 128 iron Age 
farming in Hampshire 220 
The use of colour and 
emotion in art 2.1 5 Music: 
the regular beat of 

225 Racing and GoK. Harry 
Carpenter introduces 
coverage of the first round 
of the Dunhill Cup from the 
Old Course, St Andrews; 
Julian Wilson Is at Ascot 
for the Hoover Flflies' Mile 
ie Cumberland' 
;es (3.40); and 
the Golden Gate Nursery 

525 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

520 Championship Darts. 
Highlights of yesterday's 
late evening matches m 
the Unipart British 

620 Star Trek. The Enterprise- 
rs captured by a dying 
people who need virile 
males to repopulate their 
planet (r) ' ' 

650 River Journeys. Brian 
Thompson takes a trip 
along the Nile from Juba. 

3.05); th 

Lodge SI 


along the Nile tr 
(r) (Ceefax) 
Championship I 


Quarterfinal action in the 
Unipart Championship. 
820 Brass Tacks. Education 
minister Chris Patten joins 
presenter Peter Taylor in 
the studio to respond to 
last week's programme on 
' education. Deed People - 
and Hottentots, which 
claimed that the 
" curriculian in most schools 
did not prepare pupMs for 
trie outside world. 

920 Alas Smith and Jones. 

Mel and Griff with another 
selection of comic 
sketches including theft- 
version of Barry look's 
Points of View. “ 

920 Moonlighting. 

Brand, a heroine who - 
saved a senator's life, 

. becomes a member of the 
Blue Moon Detective 
Agency, which can't be 
bad for business, says 
Maddie. Starring CytriTl 
Shepherd, Bruce Willis 
and, tonight, Whoopie 

1020 Him Buff of the Year. The 
second heat of the quiz. 
The subjects are Satyajit 
Ray; Burt Lancaster; 
Dmitri Ttomkln; and Julie 

1055 Newsnight 11.45 

1150 Championship Darts. 
More quarterfinal action 
from trie Redcar Bowl. 
12.10 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 12.15 
Attitudes - the Second 
Handicap. Ends at 12-4& 


225 Fnm: The Gtft Horse* 

(1 952) starring Trevor 
Howard as the newly 
appointed captain ota 
United States lease-Jend 
destroyer who is at odds 
with his crew. The ageing 
craft is chosen to lead the 
Combined Operations raid 
on St Nazaire in 1942. 

With Bernard Lee, Richard 
Attenborough, and Sonny 
Tufts. Directed by 
. Compton BermetL 
425 Crazy House. A Woody 
Woodpecker cartoon. 

420 The Gong Show. Chuck " 
Barns presents another 
selection of talentless ■ 
hopefuls incioding' an 
animal iropresstonfcL 
520 Film: Variety Gat* (1947) _ 

. starring Mary Hatcher and 
CNga San Juan. Comedy 
musical about two young 
women in Hollywood for 
screen tests. With an all- 
star cast of extras 
including Bing Crosby. 

Bob Hope, Gary Cooper, 
Alan Ladd, Veronica Lake 
and Pearl Bailey. Directed 


by George Marshall 
Conference I 

Report Gfyn 

* Mathias reports on the . . 
day's debates at toe * •• ■ 
; Liberal Assembly In 

7.00- Channel 4 News with •" 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. 

750 Comment With his views 
on a topical matter is 
Trevor Haywood, Dean of 
Faculty. Birmingham 
. Polytechnic. Weather. 

820 Equinox: Precisely in 
Profit A documentary 
about how British 
companies are coming to 
tends with the precision - 
’ engineering revolution. 

j_ The programme visits; * 
Nimbus Records hi tod? 
stately home in the Wye 
Valley where they produce 
compactdiscs; Inmoswho 
have developed the . - 
transputer which is 
capable of storing within a 
centimetre information 
. that used to be housed in 
. a computer as big as a 
room; and Rolfs Royce 
who are using new 
measuring knowledge to 
design turbine blades so 
smooth that a thousa ndth 
of a millimetre matters. 

920 Oh Madeline. Situation 
comedy from the United 
States starring Madeline 
Kahn and James Sloyan. 

920 FHm: 1918 (1985) starring 
WitKam Converse-Robe rts. 
A drama about how the 
First World War and an 
influenza epidemic 
affected the citizens of a 
small Texas town. 

• - Directed by Ken Hamson. - 

(see Choice) (Oracle} 

11.10 Beyond Belief. Professor 
Anthony Clare examines 
Liberation Theology.which 
first cameto light ai Latin 
America during the Sixties 
and Seventies and now in 
evidence in Northern 
Ireland and Southern' 

1125 Relative Strangers. - 
Comedy series about an 
easy-going man whose 
carefree Ere takes a 
sudden serious, turn when 
the son he never knew he 
had arrives on his • 
doorstep, (r) 

12.10 Studio 80. Musics), 
entertainment with guest, 
Dionne Warwick. Ends at 



Radio 4 ) 

On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 
555 Shipping. 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

ray. men 
820 News. 655 
Business News. 655, 7 55 
Weather. 720, 820 
News. 725, 825 Sport 7.45 
Thought for the Day 
8.43 Figures In A Bygone 
Landscape. Playwright 
Don Haworth's 
autobiography, read by 
Stephan Thome (4). BJ57 
Weather; Travel 
920 News 

-945 On the Day 1 Was Bom. - 

Larry Harris talks to The 
Earl of Lichfield (r) 

-920 The Natural History 

te. The Duke of - 
talks about his . 
work astheaUent ottoe 
Worfd WBdHfe Fund. 

■1020 .News; The Good Book. 

Brian Redhead examines 
the Btote’s Visions of 
Armageddon (r) 

1020 Mommg Story: Madam 
Lonely hearts, by Audrey 
Evans. Read by Mary 

10j 45 An Act of Worship (s) 

11.00 News; Travel; Ml 

Dressed Up. Frandne 
Stock examines the 
contradictions besetting 
Britain's fashion industry. 
1158 Time for Verse. Irish - 
poetry of the past 29 . 

K , presented by Paul 
kxv . 

12.00 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice 
1227 Round Britain Quiz. 
Nationwide general . . 
knowledge contest (rl 
120 The Worn at One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 155 

200 News: woman's Hour, 
includes a feature on the 
. grooming of men. 

320 News; The Afternoon 

Patch, by Jenny Sinclair. * 

CasfmudesJerinie — — — 
Linden and Carole Boyd.as_ 
toe cousins (s) -. 

420 News. 

425 AGoodRead. 

Paperbacks, discussed 
by Brian Gear. Joseph Hone 
andPhNp Gtazebrook. 

425 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition repeated. 

520 PM News Magazine. 550 
Shipping. S55 Weather. 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
620 Legal Decent, Honest - 
and Truthful. Martin 
Jarvis and Christopher 
Godwin hi a cchwdy 
- - series set in an advertising 


720 News. 

725 The Archers. 

720 Any Answers? Listeners 
comment on last week's 
Any Questions? 

7.40 The Hlbbert Lecture 
Morris explores the theology 
. of television news. 

Followed by comments from 
a panel. 

840 Profile. A personal 

920 Does He Take sugar? 

For cSsabied listeners. 

920 An Englishman's 
Home . . . Margaret 
Howard visits the Baroness 

9l 45 Kaleidoscope. tncJudes 
comment on The 
Magistrate, at the Lyttleton, 
.and the film Beni 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: . . 

R S Surtees (9). Read by 
' John Franklyn-Robbms. 
1029 Weather. 

1020 The Worfd Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Other Times. Other 
Places. George Scott 
looks back on his long 
career in journalism and 

1200 News; Weather. 1233 





1045 For Schools. 1 120- 
1200 For Schools. 155- 
320pm For Schools. 550- 
555 PM (continued). ' 
-1120-1 21 0am Open 
Univarsity: 1120 Art 
Woman (2). 1150 A Marxist 
Testimony. 1230-1.10 
Schools Night-time 

English — Chaucer as Comic 
and Moralist The Mater's 

( Radio 3 j 

On medium .wave and VHF/FM (in 

625 Open University, until 
655a«».l=bk song arid - 
collectors - 
655. Weather. 720 News 
725 Concert Vanhal (Sinfonta 
hi A minor). C P E Bach 
(Trio-Sonata in A Major, Wq 
146), Mozart (String 
Quintet in D, K 593). 820 
News - 

825 Concert (contdk Bach 

g uite No 2 in B minor. 

W 1067. With Bach 
Festival Orchestra). 
Beethoven (Piano Trio in D, 
Op 36). 920 News 
925»Tnis Week's Composers : - 
Dussek-and Reicha. -'* 
Reich a (Quintet in F, Op 107, 

. and excerpt from 

Musioue pour ceiebrer la 
memoirs das grands 
homines . Dussek (Piano 
Sonata in F sharp minor. 

Op 61: Marvin, piano) 

1020 Three Americanised 

Conductors: Ksssutzky, 
Stokowski and Fntz Reiner 
n performances of 
Wagner's Flying Dutchman 
overture, Tchaikovsky's 
Hamlet, Uebermann's 
Concerto for jazz band 
and symphony orchestra, 
and Sibelius's Symphony 
No 5 

1120 CeHo and piano: 

Alexander BalDia and 
Piers Lana. Schumann 
(Stucke im Volkston. Op 
102). Coin Matthews (Three 
Enigmas), Busoni 

1220 Six Continents: foreign 
radio broadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC- 

1220 Saim-Saens: BBC SO 
(under Baudo). with Huw 

1 Tregeiles Williams (organ). 
Symphony No 3. 1.00 

1.05 Bristol Concert Peter 
Katin (piano). Scarlatti 
(Sonatas in O. Kk96. in A Kk 
208, and in C, Kk 420), 
and Schubert (Sonata in B 
flat. D 960) 

200 Sibelius: Berlin PO 
(under Karajan). 

Symphony No 7 

220 Flute Trios: David Butt 
(flute). Ross Popie (cello). 
Rosemarie Wright (piano). 
Haydn (Trio in G. H 
XV 15), Ann Ghandar (Lentus 
in umbra), Marunu (Trio, 

320 A Schutz Celebration: 
recording of the 1985 
Boston Early Musk: Festival, 
with Concerto Casteito, 
Jukanne Baird (soprano), 
Laurie Monahan 
(soprano), Kenneth Fitch 
(counter-tenor). Nigel 
Rogers (tenor). Sanford 

Sylvan (baritone), and 


hi bur Pai 
Schutz. i 
labneri, Matthias 
Wecfcmann. and Dario 
Casteilo. 455 News 
5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: with 
Jeremy Siepmann 
620 Bandstand: Kettering 
Citadel Band. William 
Hanes (Variant Suite: 

Aspects aot Prase, and 
Ceiebrstionof Contemporary 
Gospel Songs 

720 The Blind Watchmaker 
Dr Nicholas Humphrey In 
conversation with Dr Richard 
Dawkins, who discusses 
bis defence of Darwinism 
r's The Ring. The 
National Opera 
production of The Rhinegold. 
sung in English. Direct 
from the Royal Opera House. 
Covent Garden. 

Conductor: Richard 


Phillip Jolt: The Rhinegold, on 
Radio 3, 730pm. 

Armstrong. Soloists 
include Phitiip Jofl. Barry 
Mora. Richard 
Morton.Graham dark. 
Penelope walker, Anne 
Williams-King. Anne CoWns, 
Einan Davies. Deborah 
Stuan- Roberts and Patricia 

1020 Thom Gunn's Castle: an 
assessment of Gunn's 
poetry, by Graham Fawcett 
1050 Muse in Our Time: 

recordings Of works by 
the three finalists in the 

European Youth 
Competition 1985. Hanna 
Kulenty (Ad unum). Soma 
Bo (Da una letters di 
Husserl). Luc Brewaeys 
(. e poi e'era). Netherlands 
Radio SO. 11.57 News. 

1200 Closedown 

( Radio 2 ) 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 

News on the hour. Headlines 
520am. 520. 720. 8.30. Sports 
Desks 1.05pm. 202 322. 422. 
5.05. 62276.45 (ml onN), 9.55 
4.00am Charles Nova 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson 920 
Ken Bruce 1120 Jimmy Young 
find food information) 125pm 
David Jacobs 200 Gloria 
Hunraford 320 Mike D'Abo 525 
John Dunn 7.00 Country Club 

9.00 Rhythm and Blues with Paul 
Jones 955 Sports Desk 10.00 
The Good Human Guide. With the 
National Revue Company 1020 
Star Sound Cinema. Film magazine 

11.00 Round Midnight 1.00am 
Nigtitnde 320-420 A Little Night 


Radio 1 


MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below) 

News on the half-hour from 
620am until 8.30pm then at 1020 
and 1200 midnight 
520am Adrian John 720 Mika 
Smith's Breakfast Show 9.30 
Simon Bates 1220pm 
Newsbeal (lan Parkinson) 12.45 
Sunon Mayo 320 Steve Wnght 
5.30 Newsbeat (lan Parkinson) 5^45 
Bruno Brookes 720 Janice 
Long 920 Rado Radio Innovative 
DJs (8) Tony Blackburn 10.00- 
1220 Andy Kewshaw. 

VHF Stereos Radios 1 & 2 
420am As Radio 2. 1020pm As 
Radio 1. 12.00-4.00am As 
Radio 2 


620 Nfiwadnsk 620 Nature Notebook 
820 The Farming Wood 720 News 729 
Twenty-Four Horn 720 New Waves on 
the Shortwave 7 AS Network UK 620 
News 829 Reflections 8.15 Country Style 
>20 John Peel 920 News 826 Review oi 
the Bnttsii Press 9.15 The World Today 
920 Fnandal News 8.40 Look Ahead 8.45 
Growing posits in Science kldq News 
Summary 1021 The Savoy Operas 1120 
News 1129 News About Britain 11.15 
New Ideas 1125 A Latter tram England 
1120 State of.tne Nation 1220 Redo 
Newsreel 12.15 Top Twenty 1225 Sports 
Roundup 120 News 128 Twenty-tour 
Hours 120 Network UK 125 A Land of 
Song 220 Outtook 225 A Decade of Hits 
320 Redo Newsreel 3.15 The Pleasure s 
Yours 420 News 429 Commentary 415 
State of the Nation 645 Sports Roundup 
725 Here's Humph! 820 World News 829 
Twenty-four Hous 929 The 
Live from Coven Garden 920 A 
Good Show 1029 The Worfd Today 18 
A Letter From England 1020 Rnanaal 
News KUO Reflections 1025 Sports 
Roundup 11.00 News 1129 Co mm en ta ry 
11.15 Mendiam Navy Programme 1120 
Nature Notebook 1120 The Farming 
world 1220 News 1229 News About 
Briton 12.15 Rado Newsreel 1220 Music 
Now 120 News Summary 121 Ounook 
120 A Land of Song 125 Book Chou* 
120 In The Meantime 220 News 229 
Review of the British Press 2.15 A Careful 
Man 22a Aoerdeen International Youth 
Festival 320 World News 3.09 News 
About Briton 3.15 The World Today 425 
Reflections 420 FmancM News 520 
World News 5.09 TWBniy-Four Hours 52fi 
The World Today. AB Kmeatai GUT. 

FREQUENCIES: .Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 121SkHz/247m:VHF-90- 


92.5; Radio 4: 200kHz/1500m; VHF-92-95; LBC:1152kHz, 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Service: MF 648kHz/ 



1m; VHF 97 J3\ Capitafc 1548kHz/194m: VHF95.8; BBC Radio London: 

BB Cl^tSSS^Gm. 

darting Together 1120-1125 News 
and weather. SCOTLAND: I25pe^720 
iReportra Scodsnd 1120-12M 
Haisto 1220-1225 «oi Weather. NORTH- 
EHN iftELAIto; CM pwi 6 20 Today> 
Sport 520-520 mmde Utosr 62S-720 
Ye Tal Me That 620-920 As-f Roved - 
Out TLCM1S5 News and WsMhar.SI- 
GLAWfc 635pm-720 Regwntf news 

RBC2 -WALE& 1120M-11.1B 
Qwekl A Stored toytres 



Home Cookary 126^30 Rtoode 
320220 Country (3> 620428 Channel 
Rapon 1120 Fua Life 1220 Untoucft- 
Bt»s 120em Ckwadown. 




SCOTTlSK g^a^ w . 

News 120-220 TuSSra WtohXOO 
Contrasts 320-420 Struggle Beneath the 
See 620-625 Scotland Today 720- 
720 Take the High Rood 1128 Crime 
Desk ft 25 LateCaf 1120 Talej 
bom the Darkctde t220em Ctosedowa 

News 1 20 ActionM 25-220 Rip- 
tide 320-420 Country GP 620-025 
Coast to Coast 1120 Ftdl Lite 1220 Un- 
tn uc heb ifla 10 9 am Company, 


tfTVWEST ^London^- 

1 J04L2S CDURby F^ts&Sh625 

News 1020 Weekend Outlook 1925 

WMlhfs Week 1120 A for Agnetha 

1120 lee Stating 1220a® Ctaradomn. 

HTV WALES w gvgg 

1120 SchootelWtTIILookIng 
Forward S20 bwi 6.35 Wales at Stic 1020-' 
1120 IAMBS fMsWOak. 


LunchtSM Uvft-L3t^2j6Yuiow 
Rhao 620^25 Cafandar 1120 New 
Avengers l220am-620 Music Bax. 
TSW a* London except: 1.20pm 

News 1 JO-220TucioBrs Witch 
5.15-625 Conroctions 620 Today 
Soutti West 625-720 Carson's law 
1120 Music Special 1220am 
PostcrtDt. dosadown. 


120-230 Mon In a Sutease 62^ 

625 North To»0tt 720-720 Who's the 
Boes? 1120 Word km knage 
1220am News. Ctosedown. 

pie Baron 620-825 About Anglie 

1120 Man ina 

1220am Church in the 
Cteseroom. Closedown. 


120 News 120-230 The Baron 520 
CrossroedaS2S-720N«ws 1120 Riptide 
1220am Jobfindar 120 Closedown. 

S4C If-IOnm HynOFyd 1120 
SZifi cetf a Cnreftt llio interval 
120pm Gong Show 120 Alice 220 
Ffafattoam 215 Interval 325 FAIL- The 
Great Mr Handel 520 Stiaeon V Byd 
520 Abbott and CosteUo Show* 620 
Brookatoe 620 4 What ITS Wanh 
720 Nawyddion Sarth 720 Pentymoru 
8.00 AT YFfordd 820 Dinas 925 Hfl 
Street Bkias 1020 ram: Trie Eagia 1120 
1965 BR Awards 1200 LtoaraJCon- 
faranca 1220am Ctosedown. 

BORDER As London except 
pufrtucrl 120 pm News 120-220 
Tucker's Witch 320 Parlour Game 
320-420 Youngpocmrs 620-625 
Lookarourd 1120 M*e Hammer 
1225am Ctosedown. 

TYNE TEES 100(100 0X- 

■ ,nc * cc * a cwt 120pm News 
12S Lookarourd 120^230 The Bar- 
on 620425 Nonham Lila 1120 
Sweeney 1 2. 3 0a m Life's New Way. 


220 Rfth Rfty 320-420 Ddfrent 
Strokes 620 Good Evening Ulster 625- 
625 Pokes Six 1120 Mom Cross 
1220 News. Ctosedown. 



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By John Bhmsden 

Ereco Ferrari announced at 
his raring headquarters in 
Maraneilo yesterday that be is 
considering taking legal action 
■gainst Nigel Mansefl for 
alleged breach of contract 
In revealing n»t he M 
signed Gerhard Berger, the 
talented Austrian driver, to 
partner Michele AJboreto in 
his Formula One team next 
season, the Connnendatore 
stated that he had reached an 
agreement with Mansell “ear- 
lier this season” but that the 
English driver had sub- 
seq neatly “unexpectedly bro- 
ken the accord”. 

Ferrari was one of several 
teams wooing Mansell daring 
the summer and, after paying 
Mr Ferrari the courtesy of a 
personal visit in July, fee left 
Italy with an offer for 1987 
which he dnly considered, 
along with those from several 
other teams. But, at the end of 
the day, Mansell's loyalty to 
the Canon-Williams team pre- 
vailed and, in August, he 
signed a new two-year contract 
with them. By then, Mansell's 
chances of winning this 
season's drivers' champion- 
ship bad increased and, with 
®aaly two races to go, he leads 
Nelson Piquet by 10 points. 

“Mansell signed a regular 
agreement on Jnly 10, after 
coming to Maraneilo twice on 
his initiative*' said Mr Ferrari. 
“Then his behavionr aston- 
ished ns." The Ferrari boss 
has never taken kindly to an 
offer bring declined by a driver 
whose services he is seeking. 

Bat perhaps significantly, 
when Stefan Johansson, the 
Swedish driver whom Berger 
will be replacing, asked a 
senior Ferrari team official 
last month whether Mansell 
had signed a contract he was 
told “no". 

Although plagued with 
mechanical problems this sea- 
son, Berger’s personal perfor- 
mances at the wheel of his 
Benetton-BMW have marked 
him as a driver of great 
potential. It has been said of 
him that be combines many of 
the qualities of two fellow 
Austrians — notably the car 
control of the late Jochen 
Rindt the posthumous world 
champion in 1970, and the 
racing intelligence of Niki 
Lauda, the tide bolder in 1975, 
1977 and 1984. 

Yet the announcement yes- 
terday indicated that Bereer, 
aged 27, had not been Mr 
Ferrari's first choice. Al- 
though the signing of the 
Aastrian means that 
Johansson's two-year career 
as a Ferrari driver is drawing 
to a dose, there is little chance 
of the London-based Swede 
remaining unemployed. 

Mr Ferrari also confirmed 
yesterday that John Barnard, 
until recently head of the 
engineering deportment of the 
McLaren International racing 
team, has been taken onto the 
Ferrari payroll as technical 
director and charged with the 
task of designing a winning 
chassis for 1987. His three 
year contact begins on Novem- 
ber 1 and it has been left to 
him to decide whether he 
wishes to be based in England 
or Italy. 

Cup success gives 
Smith a desire 
for the big times 

Denis Smith was feeling 
envious of John Hollins, his 
defeated rival yesterday. For a 
manager whose York City 
team had displayed more 
obvious first division qualities 
than Hollins's Chelsea the 
previous evening in their 
Li ok woods Cup tie, it was not 
how most third division man- 
agers would have felt. But then 
most third division managers 
have not spent mast of their 
career competing with the 

Smith was envious of Chel- 
sea, who York beat 1-0 in the 
first leg of their second round 
tie at Bootham Crescent, be- 
cause at the weekend Chelsea 
go to Old Trafford for a 
League game while York go to 
Low Pasture, better known as 
Belle Vue, the home of Don- 
caster Rovers. Smith is only, 
too familiar with that ground 
and the Doncaster team. He is 
now in his fifth season at York 
but still none of the first 
division clubs have made a 
serious approach for a rare 
manager of integrity. 

“People say to me you've 
been at York for so long you 
can't be that ambitious. It's 

By CEve White • 
not a question of my ambition 
but how ambitious are first 
division chairmen to come in 
and compete for me. York 
have looked after me very 
well,” he said. “When 1 came 
to York I tokl them that it was 
a stepping stone. The first 
division is where it matters. It 
makes you envious to think 
where Chelsea are off to next” 

More football 
on page 40 

Smith has built up the 
stepping stone into the sort of 
solid foundations that are 
common in this city. The 
season before he joined them 
the club had had to apply for 
re-election to the League for 
the sixth time. Two seasons 
later they won the fourth 
division title with a League 
record of 101 points. Fine FA 
CUp performances in the last 
two seasons against Liverpool, 
whom they have twice forced 
to a fifth round replay, and 
Arsenal, whom they beat, 
have helped finance consid- 
erable improvements within 
the dub. 

Bilardo prefers to 
stay in Argentina 


the price 

Alex Higgins was fined 
£2,000 by snooker s governing 
body yesterday after being 
found guilty of bringing the 
game into disrepute. 

The Irishman was fined and 
severely reprimanded by the 
World ' Professional Billiards 
and Snooker Association at a 
hearing in Birmingham, after 
complaints about his conduct 
during the Mercantile Credit 
Classic, at Warrington in 

The case arose from abusive 
comments Higgins was alleged 
to have made to officials after 
being beaten by Rex Williams, 
the chairman of the WPBSA. 

The player’s manager, How- 
ard Kruger, said; “I am sur- 
prised at the severity of the 
fine for an incident which has 
been blown out of all propor- 
tion. I don't think it was fair to 
leave the case hanging around 
for almost nine months. 

The fine, however, is not the 
highest for a professional 
plavcr. Two season's ago Tony 
Knowles was fined £5.000 for 
bringing the ■ game into 
disrepute after the publication 
in a national newspaper of an 
article concerning his private 

Higgins has been fined a 
total of £5,200 fora variety of 
offences in his 15 years as a 
professional. His previous 
highest single fine was £1.500 
for an incident at the 1982 
world championship 

Kirk Stevens, of Canada, 
who also appeared before the 
board to explain why be foiled 
to show up at the Irish Benson 
and Hedges tournament in 
April, was fined £500 and 

Buenos Aires (Reuter) — 
Carlos Bilardo will probably 
refuse a lucrative coaching job 
in European club football to 
prepare Argentina for their 
defence of the World Cup in 
Italy in 1990. B ilanio said he 
had received better offers 
from Italy. West Germany 
and France than from the 
Argentine Football Associ- 
ation could ever make but 
admitted he preferred to stay 
in his own country. 

Bilardo, who confounded 
his critics by taking Argentina 
to their second World Cup, 
said he would advise Julio 
Grondona, president of the 
AFA, of bis deration before 
the end of September. “There 
are two things: the four years 
and the departure of players," 
be said. 

Bilardo, whose current con- 
tract ends on December 31, 
said it was very hard to build a 
team when the best players 
were tempted abroad by much 
better pay terms than they 
could ever command In 
Argentina. But he has already 
overcome those difficulties 
once. Before the World Cup in 
Mexico, he gathered his squad 
together just one month be- 
fore the finals and built a 
winning team around Diego 

Seven of the World Cup 
winning squad were with for- 
eign clubs before the Mexico 
finals. Three more have gone 
to Europe since, and Bilardo 
expected more to leave. He 
could not be sure of having his 
full team for the South Ameri- 
can championship next year 
and said: “We will have to 
work with those that come 
up Bilardo, a hard-working 
coach who said his success in 
Mexico was the result of 20 
years' work, noted signs of 
change in Argentinian league 

football following the national 
team's example. 

The cautious Bilardo was 
widely criticized before the 
World Cup by players who 
were dropped, by his prede- 
cessor, Cesar Menotti, and by 
the press and spectators for his 
defensive tactics. But 
Grondona, who backed him to 
the hilt, is expected to make 
the now popular coach an 
offer that will permit him to 
stay on. 

Bilardo has often said South 
American football was 15 
years behind the European 
game in coaching techniques 
and tactics, although not in 
individual (Maying skills. “We 
achieved the perfect balance." 
he said of his World Cup 
team, adding that the positive 
changes in the domestic game 
would make it easier for him 
in the future. “We will work 
on bettering the same 
system.” An obsessive tac- 
tician, he explained: “We 
must work on more dead-ball 
variations, the offside trap and 

- Bilardo gained a reputation 
for being very superstitious 
during the World Cup. He 
always sat down on the bench 
first before a match and his 
team walked onto the pitch in 
the same order and lined up in 
the same formations for the 
anthems and the photog- 
raphers. When Argentina beat 
South Korea in their opening 
match and he remembered he 
had borrowed Jose-Luis 
Brown's toothpaste the night 
before, he was compelled to 
borrow it every night for the 
rest of the tournament 
Bilardo said that outside 
competition, be had no super- 
stitions, but “if we were 
playing tonight and we won, I 
might ask Jose to come back 
here tomorrow.” 

But Clip runs, though lu- 
crative. invariably interfere 
with the League target if only 
because of injuries and 
suspensions, which was 
York's trouble test season 
when they slipped from a solid 
promotion position to seventh 
place. Even that was not bad 
for a manager who placed his. 
entertainment as his chief 
priority. “We play the way 1 
would enjoy watching foot- 
ball. It's based on the 
spectator’s view rather than 

the manager’s. They wouldn't 
come here to watch if we 
played it any other way,” he 

Such a beautiful city de- 
mands beautiful football and 
Smith has succeeded in 
providing . that and success, 
too, no easy marriage. He has 
done so by maintaining the 
high ideals which served Stoke 
City so faithfully through the 
years there as a player. But the 
time must come soon when 
Smith, like Constantine the 
Great, who was once Emperor 
of this historic tity, will move 
on to bigger, if not better, 
places and found his own 

Liege to 
get a 

Brussels (Reuter) — Ber- 
nard Tapie, a Free-spending 
French entrepreneur, who has 
pumped thousands of francs 
into revitalizing the French 
football deb of Marseille Es 
now keen on giving Belginm's 
Standard Liege a financial 

Officials for the dob, once 
one the great names of Euro- 
pean football but languishing 
in the wilderness since a bribes 
scandal three years ago, said: 
“Bernard Tapie intends to 
extend his interests in football 
into Belgian and is interested 
in Standard.” 

in 1962, Standard liege 
reached the semifinals of the 
European Cup and in 1982 
they were beaten in 

the European Cap Winners’ 
Cop and Belgian champions. 
The next year the dab was 
racked by a bribes scandal 
which saw them stripped of 
the tide and led to the loss of 
several leading players and the 

In order to win the title for 
the second year running play- 
ers of a little-fancied dab in 
the north had been bought to 
lose the final game of the 
season. Standard had at least 
to draw to ensure retaining the 

Ironically, Tapie's interest 
comes at a moment when 
Standard, lying third in the 
Belgian league, are showing 
the first signs of worthwhile 
recovery from the affair. Next 
month the flamboyant Tapie is 
doe in -Brussels to present a 
television programme, during 
which he is expected to an- 
nounce his arrival on the 
Belgian football landscape. 

Club selection: Greg Norman sizes up for Ballesteros ' 

Rafferty prepares 
to stop top duel 

By Mitchell Platts 

Reman Rafferty goes into 
the Si million Dunhill Cup at 
St Andrews today intent on 
destroying the tingling pros- 
pect of Severiano Ballesteros 
and Greg Norman meeting in 
the semi-finals. Ballesteros 
has lost his place at the top of 
the Sony World Rankings this 
year to Norman and he would 
enjoy nothing more than the 
opportunity of a head-to-head 
confrontation on the Old 
course where he won the Open 
Championship in 1984. 

Nonnan, the Open cham- 
pion, said: “Seve told me after 
I had won the European Open 
at Sunnhagdale earlier this 
month that he wants to drill 
me in the Suntory world 
match play championship 
which is at Wentworth next 
week. I told him that we might 
be meeting before that in the 
Dunhill Cup.” 

I accept that neither of us 
has anything to prove. But it 
would be a marvellous chal- 
lenge for both of us and I am 
sure that the supporters of the 
game would appreciate such a 
confrontation at St Andrews.” 

Ballesteros said: “We have 
had some very good matches 
in the past and we have 
remained very good friends. I 
am looking forward to the 
possibility of playing Greg 
here and again at Wentworth 
next week.” 

If Spain and Australia col- 
lide in the semi-finals, then 
Nonnan will- nominate 
Ballesteros as his opponent 

The problem is that Spain face 
an awkward first round match 
against Ireland today and 
Rafferty is well aware that if 
he can move past Ballesteros 
then the chances are that his 
country will progress to the 
quarter-finals in this 16-na- 
tions event 

Des Smyth, the captain of 
the Irish team, said: “Ronan is 
just the player to give Seve a 
tough match. He loves a fight 
and he can rise to the occa- 
sion. I accept that Seve will be 
the favourite but I think that 
Ronan could be our hero." 

Smyth, however, feces 
difficult encounter himself 
against the prodigious Jose- 
Maria Olazabai, who showed 
little sign of being intimidated 
by tbe examination of golfs 
adopted Mecca by equalling 
the coarse record of 65 in the 
pro-am yesterday. 

Boycott keeps 
his plans 
under wraps 


While television cameras 
.hovered hopefully round the 
gates Geoffrey Boycott sat at 
home yesterday pondering his 
future after his dismissal by 
Yorkshire County Cricket 

Boycott so far has declined 
-to make any statement on his 
plans, although he has already 
had three substantial oners for 
his exclusive version of 
Tuesday's events, but it is 
thought that we have not seen 
the end of his connexion with 

His friend and supporter, 
the Yorkshire committee man 
Tony Vann, said that Boycott 
had taken the decision welL 
“He was very buoyant when 
we had dinner after tbe meet- 
ing. He took it on the chin and 
showed great character. I am 
sure he will bounce back. He 
has come back from adversity 
in 1978 and 1983 and I am 
sure he will do so again. 
Cricket in the widest context 
has not beard the last of him.” 

Suggestions that Boycott 
may yet continue his career 

By Peter Ball 

with another county can prob- 
ably be discounted, however. 
Glamorgan, who are in- 
terested in almost anybody, 
seem likely to make an excep- 
tion in Boycott’s case, al- 
though it is believed they may 
be interested in the pace 
bowler Graham Stevenson, 
the other player Yorkshire 
released on Tuesday. Derby- 
shire, a regular resting place 
For former Yorkshire players, 
are also unlikely to extend 
their interest to encompass the 
former England opening bats- 

Boycott is still a member of 
the Yorkshire committee, and 
the expectation was yesterday 
that he would content himself 
with keeping contact with the 
game from that position. His 
unrivalled tactical brain and 
expertise could undoubtedly 
be usefully exploited in some 

He has, however, already 
made some mark as a com- 
mentator and it could well be 
that that is where his future 
will ultimately develop. 





Indian apathy 
left intact 
by tied Test 

Front Richard Streeton, Delhi 
In keeping with the In dian that line woald hare thousands 


The United States, who 
meet Zambia in the first 
round, are the favourites to 
win the first prize of $300,000. 
which would be shared be- 
tween their three team mem- 
bers. The United States would 
appear to have an easier route 
to the final m the- top half of 
the draw even though Austra- 
lia, the holders, begin with a 
comfortable match against 

England could be compelled 
to play at their best to over- 
come Argentina while Scot- 
land have an easier match 
against Indonesia than Wales 
do against New Zealand . 


Manchester steps up 
European glory bid 

By Nicholas Harling 

The mouthwatering pros- 
pect of home and away Euro- 
pean cup ties with Real 
Madrid as big a name in 
basketball circles as in foot- 
ball. awaits Sharp Manchester 

AU the English champions 
have to do. and it is by no 
means as easy a task as it looks 
on paper, is to hold on to the 
91-67 advantage they gained 
in the first leg of their prelimi- 
nary round tie against Sport- 
ing Lisbon Benfica at Stretford 
on Wednesday, when they 
visit Lisbon for Sunday's re- 
turn match. 

A 24-point lead should be 
enough for any team to ad- 
vance but it is with the 
memory of what happened to 
them in Italy two years ago 
that Nigel Roden, tbe United 
director, said yesterday^* It is 
not all over. We have got to 
play well over there.” 

Roden only -too vividly 
recalls the night that United 
went to Livorno with a 15- 
point lead in the European 
Cup Winners' Cup, only to be 
thrashed by 25 on the Italian 
coastal resort. 

If United get through ou 
aggregate against Lisbon, they 

stage the home leg of their first 
round tie against Madrid, the 
crack Spanish club, next 
Wednesday and they will still 
not have begun the defence of 
their Carlsberg National 
league title. 

An intimidating fixture 
schedule awaits United but 
with players of the calibre of 
new 6ft 10 in American shot- 
blocker Derrick Phillips, his 
long-serving compatriot Will 
Brown and Kevin Penny, they 
need not have too many 

Afl three players were 
outstanding a gainst Lisbon, 
Penny in particular, inspiring 
United's recovery after they 
had fallen behind 14-7 after 
seven minutes. Phillips (24 
pis) and Brown (20) were 
United’s top scorns on a night 
when they had five players 
who made double figures — 
Jeff Jones, who had been 
doubtful beforehand with a 
groin injury, Dave Gardner 
and Penny being the others. 

One Lisbon player they 
must all be wary of is Carlos 
Lisboa, a Portuguese inter- 
national, who finished the 
game with 31 points. 

Richmond ring the changes 

Richmond predictably 
make sweeping changes after 
last Saturday's 49-9 thrashing 
by Northampton for this 
weekend's Merit Table game 
at Bedford. 

Nick Southern and John 

Heaton come in at centre, 
Steve A Hum takes over on the 
left wing and back row 
chants bring in David 
Kennmgham. with Charlie 
Vyvyan moving from lock to 
No 8 and Andy Maren step- 
ping in to fill the gap. 




Yamoussoukro (Reuter) — 
Fifty finely-tuned cars sped 
into the West African bush 
yesterday at tbe start of the 
Ivory Coast's eighteenth mo- 
tor rally. For four days drivers 
will race over 23 1 2 miles of 
mostly bumpy dirt tracks, 
made more difficult by recent 
rains. Few are expected to 
-cross the finishing line on 
Saturday in an event which 
counts towards the world rally 
drivers' championship, but 
not for manufacturers’ prize. , 

Fiance, as usual, are well 
represented in the major 
sporting event of this former 
French colony, but the 
favourite is the Swede Bjorn 
Waklegaard, in a Toyota, who 
won tbe event in 1980 and 
1983 and shared victory in 

Bobby’s bid 

Bobby Otari ton has been 
chosen, as part of the team to 
represent Birmingham in their 
bid to stage the Olympic 
Games. Tbe former England 
football international has ac- 
cepted the invitation of Denis 
Howell, the president of the 
Birmingham Olympic Coun- 
cil, to talk to members of the 
International Olympic 
Committee before they vote in 
Lausanne next month on 
which city will host the 1992 
summer games. 

. Other top sportsmen 
accompanying Charlton _ to 
Switzerland are Sebastian 
Coc, Judy Simpson, Tessa 
Sanderson and Duncan 
Goodbew. the former Olyxn- . 
pic swimming champion. 

Dilley waiting 

Graham Dilley, tbe Kent 
and England fast bowler 
whose contract with his 
county expires at the end of 
the year, said yesterday that he 
hopes to settle his future soon. 
Kent have said they wfil be 
offering the player a new 
contract, but Dilley, who 
leaves for Australia with the 
England squad in two weeks 
time, said: “I haven't seen it 
yeL I am keen to do so in order 
to decide on my fixture as soon 
as possible.” 

Charlton: on the team 

On the road 

Deno Davie, the national 
amateur road race champion, 
heads a five-man British cy- 
cling team which flies out 
■ today at the start of a six- week 

No deal 

Wigston Fields, of the 
Leicestershire Senior League, 
have had a chance of a cash 
bonus denied by the Football 

racing trip to Australia and 
New Zealand. The team mil 
compete in the 12-day Bris- 
. bane to Canberra event, the 
week-long Duliix Tour in New 
Zealand and various one-day 


Held up 

Stefan Ed 
the defending 
tered against the 
tactics of Leo Lavalle, of 
Mexico, before winning his 
opening match in tbe San 
Francisco grand prix tennis 
event. Ed berg, who won 6-3, 
3-6. 6-3. said: “I started to fall 
into the same trap I fell into in 
Philadelphia, where I lost to 
him in January. He plays so 
slow and doesn't give you any, 
speed, but I got into his game 
in the second set” Edbefg is 
seeded to meet John 
McEnroe, who beat him in 
Los Angeles on Sunday, in the 
semi-finals. ‘ 

Association. With an average 
home gate of around 70, tbe 
club wanted to - switch 
Saturday’s FA Cup second- 
round qualifying tie to the 
ground of their opponents, 
Kidderminster Hamers. 

The GM Vauxhafl Con- 
ference side, whose average 
attendance is 1.500. agreed to 
stage the match. But the FA 

. . have refused to sanction the 

pion, fal- switch and Wigston now face 
slow-ball the extra cost of erecting a 
marquee to cater for the 
visiting team. 

Debut boy 

Richard Crawford, the for- 
mer England rugby union 
schoolboy international who 
joined Rosslyn Park from 
Richmond at the start of the 
season, makes his first-team 
debut on tbe left wing at 
London Irish on Saturday, 
Crawford is one of four 
changes in a side beaten 33-3 
at Gosfonh last weekend. 

way of life, which seldom lades 
contrast or contradiction, the 
tied Test match at Madras, 
between India and Australia, 
has felled to' make an atom of 
difference to ticket sales to the 
second Test which starts here 
tomorrow. The dramatic Ma- 
dras finale in an; other coun- 
try would have boosted 
attendances for the next 
match, particularly as it fol- 
lows so soon afterwards. 

Delhi officials, however, 
predict meagre crowds over 
the five days at the Faux Shah 
Kotia ground, even tbongh this 
is the first Test played in the 
Indian capital for two years, 
when Edmonds and Pocock 
bowled England to victory. 
There are several explana- 
tions and it should be forgotten 
that Delhi never matches rival 
Indian cities in attendance 
terms. The ground only holds 
27,000 when felL 

Bnt the Madras game does 
remain a big taflnng point 
across the country, naturally, 
and for ticket sales here to stay 
static is a disappointment to 
the Indian Board. The simple 
reason is that in common with 
tite worldwide trend, Indian 
spectators are now folly con- 
verted to limited-overs cricket 

In India's case the enthu- 
siasm for the instant variety 
was (helled by their 1983 
World Cup triumph. So, 48 
honrs after tomorrow’s poorly 
supported Test match is 
scheduled to end, the same 
grodnd next Thursday will be 
filled for the fourth one-day 
international between the 
same sides. 

Television, too, quickly 
comes into any discussion 
these days on Indian Test 
attendances. Nearly every ball 
is screened and in a country of 
low national incomes, this 
must also help to reduce 
crowds. Tbe Cricket Board of 
Control, ironically, receives no 
fee from the government- 
owned tdevisiou service but at 
least the local cricket associ- 
ation," 'which stage the Tests, 
reap rich rewards from their 
advertising boards. 

Unlike Australia it has 
never been realistic for the 
area where the Test is bemg 
played to be blacked out 
within a hundred mile radius. 
Any government who took 

Ritchie lifts 
the gloom 
with his 75 

Hyderabad (Reuter) — An 
afternoon downpour forced 
India and Australia to aban- 
don the third one-day inter- 
national yesterday, leaving the 
teams level at 1-1 in the six- 
game series. Ritchie top- 
scored for Australia with an 
entertaining 75, including four 
sixes and seven fours. He was 
stumped trying for another six 
off the last ball of tbe innings 
— reduced to 47 oven because 
of India's slow over rate. 

D C Boone Kapt Dev b Madam Lai _ 26 

Q R Mann run out — 30 

D M Jones c Madan Lai b Shaft) — . 48 

*A R Borxter c Lamba b Shasfri 7 

GMRtfchie st Profit bKapaOto — 75 

of demonstrators outside their 
homes and offices,” 1 was told. 
“You must remember that in 
this conn try even the soup 
smells of politics,” an Indian 
broadcasting colleague added. 

DethTs poor ticket sates do 
not detract, of coarse, from the 
undoubted fillip that five-day 
cricket has been given by the 
Madras tie. Bapu Nadkami, 
the former Test all-romider, 
epitomized the attitude of 
several ex-Indian players 
when he said: “In toe presort 
era when five-day Tests are 
losing spectator appeal, the 
time has come for a shot in tbe 

More cricket 
on page 39 

arm for Test cricket. Test 
playing countries all over the 
world should be grateful to 
these two countries for playiig> 
such a memorable match.” 

In the rushed fruition of 
modern tours, there has been 
no respite for the players, who 
met yesterday in a one-day 
international at Hyderabad. 
“This was, incidentally, 
India's 1 00th one-day inter- 
national, which emphasizes 
how they have proliferate ; 
India played their first one- 
day match overseas, at Leeds 
in 1974; their first at home was 
not until 1981-82 a gain** 
Fletcher's England team.” 

Thera has not yet been the 
chance, therefore, to discuss 
events in Madras with toe 
cricketers. Already Maunder 
Singh, the last man out, has 
been quoted in print to toe 
effect that he believed he girt 
“a nick” of tbe ball which 
dismissed him leg-before. 
Sbastri, the batsman at fee 
other end, also believes 
Maunder did. 

Meanwhile in Delhi, 1 
gather, you can get odds for 
2,000-1 against tomorrow’s 
Test bemg tied. In London 
before lea vine, Ladbrokes of- 
I against light- 
{ twice- These, it 
in both cities, are 
odds for punters wanting a bet 
The laws of probability for 
another tied Test common- 
sense suggests, should be 






it 4 


Somerset now 
want ballot 
over sackings 

Somerset's committee 
wants the row over the dis- 
missal of Viv Richards and 
Joel Gamer to be settled by a 
secret postal ballot of all foil 
members. This would replace 
the special general meeting, 
requisitioned ■ by 100 mem- 
bers, after the committee had 
decided not to renew the 
contracts of Richaids and 

Michael HiU, the dub's 
chairman, said last night: 
“This would give all our 
members a much feirer chance 
of registering their opinion. A 
postal ballot of this sort is not 
covered by the present club 
rules, so it would need the 
agreement of both sides to 

Kg*» "H* - 

Dyvt&nrtta. We have put this possibility to 

fallof wcKBSii- 65 , 2 - 78 . Mil. 4 - the members who 

requisitioned the special gen- 
eral meeting, but so far we 
have not had their reaction” 

Under dub rules, the vote 
of no-confidence in the 
committee will be derided by 
a simple majority of those 
present and voting at the 
speaaj general meeting, the 
venue and time of which has 
to be made known to mem- 
bers before October I. - 

G R J Matthews c ftURMsr 

bGSftama . 20 

SR Waugh not out 25 

edraa(ba«» 6 .ilbt,w 3 J 11 

ToM (6 Wfcts. 47 oven) 242 

1». 5-159. W42. 

BOWUMG: Km# Dm 10-1-40-1. R P 
Singh 4-1-1s3r Ufidan LaL MHKM . 
Shastri 10-046-2. UBMKfer 7-042-0, Q 
Sterna 7-0-38-1. 


KSrfkkrotl DRetf 9 

R Lamtanorout . 20 

M Azharwkfin not out 9 

Extras (B)1,w 2) — — 3 

Total. (1 wktitMawisL 

_ 41 

D B Vmgsarkar. R J Sttstri. TCupiDw. 
tCS Pahdfc Madan Lat.ft FStagh. 0 
Sham* md ManindefStngh M nofbat 

SOWUKG: Onto SL 44 M 9 - 0 , Rekl 4 - 0 - 20 - 
. ®Dert 1-01-0.