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No 62,576 

Daniloff set 

free in deal to 
save summit 



The Soviet Union yesterday 
released Mr Nicholas 
Daniloff, the American 
journal LSI accused of spying, 
ending a month-long super- 
power crisis and dealing the 
way for a critical pre-Christ- 
mas summit between Presi- 
dent Reagan and Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
tfc President Reagan an- 
nounced Mr Danilon's depar- 

ture, without elaboration, to a Am flii 

rested on August 30 shortly 
before ending a five-year 
assignment to Moscow for US 
News and World Report , left 
aboard a scheduled Lufthansa 
ffifiht lor Frankfurt, West 
Germany, with his English- 
born wife, Ruth. 

They spent the night at the 
US Consul General's res- 
idence and will fly to Wash- 
ington aboard a scheduled Pan 

' wildly cheering audience at 

the start of a political rally in 
* Kansas City, Missouri. 

Although Adm ini station of- 
ficials would make no im- 
mediate comment yesterday, 
it was clear that the arrange- 
1 ments between the super- 

powers- will lead to the 
eventual release of Mr 
Genaddy Zakharov, a Soyiet 
employee accused of spying 
against the United States. 

It was widely speculated 
£ here that the Soviet Union 

• will later release some dis- 
sidents in return for the 
release of Mr Zakharov, who 
is awaiting trial in New York. 

Senator Robert Dole, the 
Republican leader of the Sen- 
ate, said yesterday it appeared 
that Mr Daniloff 5 release was 
unconditional; that the Soviet 
Union was admitting that the 
journalist was not a spy, and 
that it was trying to find a way 
out of a “colossal blunder”. 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 
While House spokesman, said 
a superpower summit this 
^ year was “possible”. 

Mr Daniloff; who was ar- 

ight today. 
David Ger 

Gergen, editor of 

J. ; .U* > .. 

*• ** 

S’ T\Y*' ' 

Mr Daniloff: Off to a hero's 
welcome in the US. 

US News and World Report, 
described Mr Daniloffs free- 

only “Whatever is going to hap- 
-year pen to Mr Zakharov, whatever 
r US other arrangements have been 
, left made, ought to be left to the 
ansa US Government (to an- 
West n ounce). Based on what we 
’iish- know we feel the arrange- 
ments are honourable." 

Agreement for his freedom 
to- was finalised in a three-hour 
encounter in New York on 
Lran Sunday night between Mr 
_ - George Shultz, the Secretary 
oro * of State, and Mr Eduard , 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister — their fourth 
unannounced meeting in less 
than a Week. 

Afterwards, they shook 
hands publicly for the first 

• MOSCOW: Senior West- 
ern diplomatic sources said 
last night that the main ob- 
stacle in the way of a 1986 
superpower summit had been 
removed with Mr Daniloffs 
)■', release (Christopher Walker 

• Mr Damk>f£ whom Presi- 
dent Reagan had pledged 
personally, in a letter to Mr 
. Mikhail Gorbachov, was not a 
spy, left Moscow for what is 
expected to be a hero's wel- 
port, come return home, 
free- The diplomatic sources 

Hatton defeat 
says Kinnock 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Labour Party's lengthy the likelihood of challenge in 
tight against the Militant lead- the courts, 
ers of Liverpool ended yes- For Mr Kinnock, whose 
tenday in total victory for Mr anti-Militant speech at the 

Neil Kinnock and ignominy 
for Mr Derek Hatton and his 
colleagues whose struggle 
against expulsion has domi- 
nated the pony's affaire for 

Mr Hatton, the deputy lead- 
er of Liverpool City Council 

conference a year ago had 
electrified his party, the saga 
could not have had a bet let 
ending. He derided his foes as 
“spineless” for their walkout. 

Neither be nor his cot- 
leagues in the Shadow Cabinet 
were pretending that the men- 

his right-hand man Mr Tony ace of Militant and its tftou- 
Mulheam. and five other sands of supporters in the 

§. -lliiMIllll 

prominent Militant suppon- 

Conference reports 4 
Geoffrey Smith 4 

Diary 14 

Leading article 15 

Frank Johnson 18 

ers. ducked the opportunity 
offered them of appealing to 
the Labour Party conference 
in Blackpool and walked out 
to the jeers of conference 

Labour Party had been re- 
moved by yesterday's vote. 

But its symbolic value, and 
the hoped-for removal of the 
Militant issue from the centre 
of Labour's affairs, was high. 
Mr Jack Straw. Labour MPfor 
Blackburn and a prominent 
figure in the Militant fight, 
said: “It shows that Militant 
are not only bullies but 

After storming from the 
Winter Gardens. Mr Hatton 

Mr Hatton (left) and Mr Mulhearn after their walkout (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

. . ■ , -r w unci uiiiuan, mi ndiiuu 

Their expulsions, and. that "MfiJSSH?, « 

dom, with his reputation in- claimed that the fact that Mr 

tact, as 


Shevardnadze and Mr Shultz 
had been able to reach a 

He added: “The most im-’ formula to solve the complex 
portant thing is that he is and emotive affair was a 
coming out alone. Only one “good omen" for the chances 
man is moving today. He is of agreement soon on the 
coming out unconditionally, elusive summit date. 

Tomorrow Green Belt dosed 
lnt ° the I to housebuilders 

Into the 

By Richard Evans, Political-Correspondent 
House builders are to be ministerial responsibilities, it 

: Ti • U 
i ; : i .1 

}\£ iMuilH 

Next week’s royal 
tour will encompass 
all the well-known 
sites -but beyond 
them is another 
country, a 
paradoxical world 
of old customs and 
village workers. 
Brian James 
continues his series 
with a look at the 
China the Queen 
won’t see 

thwartedby WhitehaJlln their 
bid to develop Green Belt sites 
for homes, it was disclosed 

The tough stance follows a 
shake-up of ministerial re- 
sponsibilities at the Depart- 
ment of Environment where 
Mr William Waldegrave has 

has been made dear that 
vi rtually all appli cation s to 
.encroach on new. rurah rites 
will be opposed by ministers. 

Instead. Mr - Waldegrave 
and his colleagues win press 
for more development in in- 
ner and outer city areas where 
they »ay there are large chunks 

! Base rate 
rise of 
up to 2% 

By Rodney Lord 
Economics Editor 

Pressure for higher interest 
rates 10 defend the pound grew 
in London's financial markets 
yesterday. A politically' 
embarrassing rise of up to 2 
percentage points was feared 
on the indication of dealing 

If bank base rates rise, 
mortgage rates are expected to 

But the Bank of England 
resisted the pressure by inter- 
vening in foreign exchange 
markets to support sterling. In 
money markets it indicated no 
change for the time being. 

The Governor of the Bank 
of England, Mr Robna.Ldgh- 
Pemberton. who is In Wash- 
ington at the annual meeting 
ofthe International Monetary 
Fund, said: *!We have to let 
the situation settle down be- 
fore we react, if we react at 


The stock market reacted to . 
the prospect of higher interest 

Hunt for solicitor 
ends on spire of 
French cathedral 

By Michael McCarthy 

The week-long hunt for Mr 
Ian Wood, the Sheffield solic- 
itor wanted for questioning 
about the murder of his 
French mistress and her young 
daughter, ended last night on a 
tower of the cathedra] in 
Amiens, the dead woman's 
home town in northern 

Mr Wood rave himself up 
to French ponce after spend- 
ing all afternoon perched on a 
gargoyle 200 ft up one of the 
twin towers of the celebrated 
13th-century building, threat- 
ening to throw himself off 

of telephone calls, mostly to a 
Sheffield journalist Mrs Bren- 
da Tunney, there was no sign 
of Mr Wood until his re- 
appearance yesterday in 

of an eighth who was absent 
through illness, were con 
finned by a majority of 
6,146,000 votes to 323,000 
with unions who have pre- 
viously backed the Militant 
battle, including the National 
Union of Mineworkers, with- 
drawing their support 

And in an even more signifi- 
cant long-term move, the 
conference agreed means of 
carrying on the stniffle 
against the lesser lights of 
Militant away from the spot- 
light ofthe National Executive 
Committee and the annual 

A new elected disciplinary 

sume duties as deputy Labour 
leader.In practice, his days are 

Mr Larry Whitty. Labour's 
Continued on para 18, col I 


auuuuaukb ibSMiuar in „ g .• ;• 

Amiens, where Mme lidez’s goup called die N a h onal 

mrents still live Constitutional Committee 

parents snn live. radfcaUy ^ ^ ^sci- 

Mr Wood is believed to plinary structure of the party, 
have gone up the cathedral hoar complaints about mem- 
tower with a tour party at bership of Militant and other 
lunch time, and to have given disciplinary issues and be set 
to the tour guide, with a tip, a up in such a way as to avoid 

parents still live. 

Mr Wood is believed to 
have gone up the cathedral 
tower with a tour party at 
lunch time, and to have given 
to the tour guide, with a tip, a 
letter in French stating his 
intention to kill hims df. 
While the guide was telephon- 
ing police the solicitor i 
climbed out on to the roof i 

He spent the next 516 hours 
threatening to jump, as a 

The former secretary of the He spent the next 5‘A hours 
.Sheffield Law .Society had threatening to jump, as a 
spent a week evading a nation- crowd of hundreds of curious 
wide British police hunt and' townspeople gathered below, 
making telephone calls to First two poUccmen and then 
newspapers, threatening a priest tried to dissuade him. 
suicide. Firemen with a turntable 

taken on responsibility for ?f w^ied land. Localauthor- ,^3 by suffering its biggest 

_i .. nM ii h— wm*> ttiK ha vp ahniit IIS (Wl anw I c.« _ . tl. rr 

planning as well as “green” itits have about 115 000 aens 
issues. of land which could be built 

__ ,, _ _ . . on. according to Whitehall 

The House Builders Federa- estimates. 

don and The new emphasis on 

have been campaigning for a protecting the Green Belt will 
relaxation of the rolra #>vern- QOt on]y Might conserva- 
tng where they cam build new lioilisls but alsTa number of 

? omeSb i. k P art, P ular ' “2 Conservative backbenchers 
have been pressing to use have been ircreasmgly 
Green Bdt sites in the South- vocal in their opposition^ 
east,. claiming that foey are developers’ expansion plans, 
nmnmg out of land where Mr Nicholas Ridley, Seo- 
they can bund. retary of State for the Environ- 

pye, the house building ment, whom conservationists 
group, suggested recently that feared would be sympathetic 
3,500,000 acres of farming to the wishes of the building 
land was surplus to agri- industry, has been persuaded 
minimi needs and should be that building on Green Belt 

foil in recent weeks. The FT 
30-share index closed 25.8 
down at 1212.6. Gilt-edged 
prices were also down by a 

The prospect of higher in- 

not only delight conserva- i e rest rates has been caused by 
uonists but also a number of tfie fell in the pound. Yes- 

Conservative backbenchers 
who have been increasmgly 
vocal in their opposition to 
developers’ expansion [dans. 

terday, sterling dosed more 
than 3 pfennigs lower against 
the mark at DM2.9033. Its 
average value against all the 

cultural needs and should be 
used for homes and industry. 

— \ §cld — 

• The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
shared yesterday by sue 
readers — details, 
pag® 3 - . 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list, page 23; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 18. 

Chernobyl up 

A Chernobyl nuclear power 
station reactor was brought 
into partial operation yes- 
terday for the first time since 
the disaster in April, Izvestia 

sa> d . . _ 

Energy crisis, page 7 

Chess draw 

Gary Kasparov, the cham- 
pion. and the challenger, 
Anatoly Karpov agreed to 
draw game 20 of their world 
title match after Karpov ac- 
cepted Kasparovs offer after 
21 moves P*ge 2 

The future of the commercial 
vehicle industry is looking 
brighter despite a senes of 
setbacks. A Special Report 
examines the prospects 

Pages 25 to 28 

But since the shuffling of political implications. 

Cash shortage delays 
housing debt ‘hotline 9 

Plans for a nationwide 
emergency “hotline" to help, 
thousands of families pres- 
ently struggling with mortgage 
and rent arrears are being held 
up because of a shortage of 
money. . . 

Specialist debt advisers, so- 
cial workers and lawyers are 
planning to launch the service 
but require another £14,000 
before they can start manning 
a crisis switchboard. 

As reported yesterday in 
The Times, there is an urgent 
need for the home loans 
industry to give increased 
financial support to indepen- 
dent bodies which help owneT- 
occu piers and tenants in 

“The need for such a service 
is overwhelming,” Mrs Ann 
Andrews, a development offi- 
cer at the Birmingham Sertle- 

By a Staff Reporter 

Mr Nichoto Ridley, Seo- currencies of Britain’s biggest 
retary ol Mate tor the environ- partners was at its 

ment, whom conservationists lowest ever level, 
feared would be sympathetic The pressure comes partly 
to the wishes of the buildi n g from political uncertainties as 
industry, has been persuadt^ ^ ferni Election draws 
that building on Green Belt nearer. There is also concern 
sues could have disastrous over ^ adverse turn in 
political implications. Britain’s trade figures. 

Details, page 19 

Sfwi ayS j FA secretary 

bt hotline backs Luton 

ff Reporter visitors ban 

By Our Sports Staff 

Mme Danielle Ledez, aged 
38, and her three-year-old 
daughter, Stephanie, were 
found shot dead, and her five- 
year-old son Christopher seri- 
ously wounded, m Mr Wood's 
rented farmhouse, Ughin 
Hall, in South Yorkshire, last 

A warrant for Mr Wood’s 
arrest, alleging murder, was 
issued by South Yorkshire 
police last week, and armed 
guards were given to his 
estranged wife, Margaret, their 
three children, and Mme 
Ledez's estranged English hus- 
band, .Mr Colin Lloyd, a 
Sheffield chemistry teacher. 

Although he made a string 

a priest tried to dissuade him. ; 

Firemen with a turntable 
ladder and other rescue ser- 
vices stood by. 

Eventually the police were 
succesfol and Mr Wood was 
persuaded to leave his perch 
and taken into custody. 

Last night the British Con- 
sul was allowed in to visit him 
at the police station. Police 
declined to give any further 
information about the affair 
or about whether Mr Wood 
would be extradited to Britain. 

• Boy improving: Christopher 
Lloyd, the boy who survived 
the shooting, was “much 
improved" in hospital yes- 
terday, defying doctors who 
thought he would not survive 
bis shotgun wounds. 

Kinnock committed to 
a ministry for women 

By a Staff Reporter 

.Ite: first Cabinet of a “Forthe first timewe can be 

Labtfor Government will have absolutely sure we are going to 
a minister for women, headings have a ministry for women 
her own ministry. and that it will have some real 

Mr Neil Kinnock has given power to make sure that what 
that assurance since Sunday’s a Labour government does is 
conference vote of 3335,000 truly reflective of women," 
to 2,905,000 in favour of the Miss Richardson said. 


Work is to start immedi- 

His acceptance of a worn- ately on the machinery of the 
en’s minister with Cabinet new department. Its claim to 

rank was announced yesterday 
by Miss Jo Richardson, 
Labour's front bench spokes- 
man on women's matters. 

She said Mr Kinnock had 

be located in the Cabinet 
Office has been staked. 

The minister would sit on 
key Cabinet committees, have 
access to the Prime Minister 

told her he was happy with the and have a regular question 
conference vote. He bad never time in the Commons. 

been against the principle of a 
ministry for women but had 
not wanted to be committed 
in the lace of competing 
claims for Cabinet posts. 

The ministry would be 
small but high-powered, with 
a full parliamentary team, 
political advisers, and “com- 
mitted, senior civil servants". 

TSB has 3 million 
new shareholders 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 
The number of British means that if the 50p partly- 

shareholders is estimated to 
have increased by over a third 
yesterday as a little more than 
three million people were 

Mr Ted Croker, secretary of allocated shares in the Trustee 
the Football Association, has Savings Bank. 

ment Money Advice Centre 
and originator ofthe Housing 
Debt Hotline idea, said. “The 
courts are full of people being 
evicted because of mortgage, 
and rent debts. 

“It seems so incongruous 
that the property industry, 
which generates billions of 
pounds, cannot find this tri- 
lling sum 10 help us help the 
very people who have become 
victims of the boom the 
industry has created." 

Home Front, page 12 

given his support to Luton 
Town's ban on visiting 
supporters at its Kenilworth 
Road ground. 

In a letter to Mr John 
Smith, the Luton secretary, in 
May. after the Football League 
ruled that the club must pro- 
vide tickets for visitors in the 
LittJewoods Cup, Mr Croker 
said “I am totally in favour of 

But nearly two million ap- 
plicants for TSB shares will 
receive nothing in the enor- 
mously oversubscribed 

Applications were . both 
balloted and heavily scaled 
down, according to details 
published yesterday. The 
maximum allocated to non- 

sai± “I am totally in favour of priority applicants was 10,000 
your memberslup scheme." shares, while the largest group 

The FA has so far officially 
refused to offer an opinion on 
the Luton scheme. 

The League voted last week 
to expel Luton from the Lft- 
dewoods Cup after its refusal 
to admit Cardiff City support- 
ers to a second round tie. 

• Report, page 42 

of applicants, those wanting 
400 or 600 shares, will receive 
300. Allocations were more 
heavily scaled down at the 
higher end of share applica- 
tions. Exactly half the 1 37 
million non-priority ap- 
plicants will receive shares. 

A 300 share allocation 

means mat 11 tne sup partly- 
paid shares go to a 30p 
premium, as many experts 
expect, the shareholder will be 
looking at a profit of £90 
before dealing costs. 

Scaling down on priority 
applications was less severe, 
although only those who 
asked Tor 200 or 400 shares 
will receive the foil amount. 
Those who applied for foe 
10.000 share maximum will , 
receive 1,000. All the 13 1 
million priority applicants 
will receive shares. 

Allocation letters and excess 
money will be sent to ap- 
plicants on October 9. two 
days later than expected. Deal- 
in gbegi ns on October 10. 

The £1.5 billion issue was 
more than 7 times over- 
subscribed by five million 
applicants, who put up £5.6 
billion fora total 113 billion 

Details, page 19 

Ideas wanted on how to spend f 1m a week 

By Alan Hamilton 

Mr John James enjoys foe 
story of foe Scottish pools 
winner who. asked by his wife 
what they were going to do 
about foe’ begging letters, told 

his personal assets will ap- 
proach £350 million and will 
be generating £50 million in 

He would like to give most 
ofit away to the city where bis 
father was a docker and where 

her to keep sending them out ^ won a scholarship to the 

Hone 2-5 

0»cr*« 7-11 Liters 5 

tnni& UkM l*nm is 

a? s 

gr s&sm 

as usual. 

Mr James, whose personal 
fortune greatly exceeds any- 
thing ever won on a football 
coupon, has issued an appeal 
of an entirely different kind: 
he has asked the citizens of his 
native Bristol how they would 
like to spend the£l million a 
week ho intends to bestow on 
them. ... . 

The multi-millionaire and 
philanthropist has calculated 

Merchant Venturers 4 School, 
Mr James, aged 80. a disci- 
ple of the Samuel Smiles self- 
help philosophy, said 
yesterday that he was seeking 
s u ggestions as to how the 
equivalent of £1 million a 
week might best be spenu 
He likes to match what 
people have already raised 
themselves, rather than throw 
cash with abandon in the 
general direction of worthy. 

* * * * a H 

that, within the next ten years, causes. 



“I prefer to help the young 
and the old, because they are 
the ones least- able to help 
themselves." Mr James told 
The Times yesterday from his 
home at Ascot, Berkshire, 
where in his 81st year he still 
swims a good half-mile a day. 
in his private swimming pool 
— when he is not making' 
money. Indeed, the money 
seems to accumulate even 
when he is swimming. 

Mr James, discharged from 
the RAF in 1 946 with the rank 
of corporal and a basic knowl- 
edge of radio sets, opened a 
radio shop in Bristol and sold 
out when the shop had grown 
10 a nationwide chain of 300 
under the trade name of 
Broad mead He still plays the 

investment market with 

“1 am still very good at 
making money, but I get far 
more enjoyment from giving 
it away," Mr James said 

He calculates that well over 
£ 1,000 million has passed 
through his hands in his . 
lifetime, and of that some £20 
million has already gone to 
good causes. 

Last year he gave £280.000 
to the cardiac unit of Guy’s 
Hospital to save its. pro- 
gramme of heart bypass opera- 
tions and another £300.000 to 
Harefield Hospital at Ux- 
bridge for its heart transplant 

One of his biggest single 
donations was to the Frenchay 

Hospital in Bristol to enable 10 
city to buy a scanner. 

Mr James said yesterday: “I 
want to pul all the interest on , 
my capital into Bristol, and I 
warn people to suggest how I : 
spend it. If they can imagine 
how .they would divide up 
£100 between various dif- 
ferent causes, then I'll just 
multiply it up to a million a 

Bristol welcomed the news 
yesterday. Mr Graham 
Robertson, leader of the La- 
bour group on the city council, 
described it as “a noble 

vauava. iikii i 11 jusi a ■ I . II , § m 

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Ban certain on 
Libyan flights 

Threat to Village 
away fans tip to go 

The Football Associ- 
ation mfl be urged to 
reintroduce an immediate 
away match baa on Leeds 
United’s soccer hooligans 
when its executive commit- 
tee meets next week. 

The recommendation 
was made to an FA board of 
inquiry which met at Odsal 
stadium in Bradford yes- 
terday. There was a near- 
disaster at the gronnd nine 
days ago when hooligans 
tried to topple a fish and 

chip van containing boiling 
fat on to a stand holding 

7.000 fans, daring the 
Bradford City-Leeds 
United game. About 

13.000 spectators stam- 
peded in terror. 

Parents who feared a 
-coal waste tip could engulf 
their Welsh village school 
claimed a victory last night 
after keeping dozens of 
children away from 

They launched an action 
campaign claiming the vil- 
lage was being threatened 
by a tragedy on the scale of 
the Aberfan disaster. Chil- 
dren aged between five and 
11 started boycotting the 
school last Wednesday. 

Yesterday the Welsh 
Development Agency an- 
nounced that the Bwllfa tip, 
which stands on a 
monnfainside above GeUi 
in the Rhondda Valley, is 
to be cleared. Work is to 
begin immediately on a 
£750,000 plan to remove 
the coal waste tip. 

Nurses’ fear violence 

Norses have threatened to withdraw 24-hour community 
n arsing services because of the increasing incidents of 
violence in inner cities (Jill Sherman writes). 

Mrs Ainna Fawcett-Henesy, adviser in primary health 
care to the Royal College of Nursing, said that nurses were 
particularly vulnerable working outside normal boors of 
doty. “We have been committed to 24-hour nursing 
services. But given the increase in violence some 
consideration has got to be given to whether that service 
can be developed farther.'" 

Giving evidence to Mr Norman Fowler, the Secretary of 
State for Social Services, on the Green Paper on primary 
health care, Mrs Fawcett-Henesy said that the , !iblic was 
no longer prepared to protect the nnrse as it had done in the 
past. “The fact that nurses are seen as members of 
authority acts as a disadvantage. The image of the Angel of 
Mercy is gone." 

‘Boost’ to 

Mr Robert Kilroy-Silk 
(right), the outgoing La- 
bour MP for Kn owsley 
North, said yesterday that 
his campaign to expose the 
machinations of Militant 
members in his constit- 
uency had strengthened the 
La boor Party (David Cross 

Speaking at a press con- 
ference in London to 
launch his book. Hard 
Labour : The Political Diary 
of Robert Kilroy-SUk, ex- 
tracts of which were pub- 
lished in The Times, he said 
that that it was no good for 
the party to pretend that 
the problem of Militant 
infiltration did not exist 



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‘Unacceptable dramatic risk’ 

World Chess 

BBC postpones Falklands play 

It looks certain that the Government will ban all flights 
of Libyan Arab Airlines into Heathrow on the grounds of 
national security (Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspon- 
dent writes). 

Officials at the Foreign Office, Home Office and the 
Ministry of Transport put forward their recommendations 

tn tninictapc u ■ .f . . 

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tough line. N 

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Open iMity ?.tfC am la 5.30 pm. fhurwjyi 9 OP am if 7.00 pm. 

By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

The BBC has postponed 
production of a play about the 
Falklands conflict because il 
was considered to be “an 
unacceptable dramatic risk" 
in the run-up to the next 
general election. 

Hie statement issued by the 
corporation yesterday came 
after allegations by Mr Ian 

Daring the trial of Rasmi A wad, a member of the Abu 
Nidal terrorist organization, at theCentral Criminal Court 
last week, it was disclosed that four grenades had been 
smuggled into Heathrow on board a Libyan Arab Airlines 

him to make political alter- 
ations to the text. 

. “He asked me if t would 
consider changing certain War 
Cabinet scenes to give the 
dear impression that some 
decisions were taken in the 
light of forthcoming elections 
at the lime. In other words, to 
suggest that they were taken 
for political gain. 

The decision on the ending of flights is expected to be 
taken within the next few days after consultation between 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, Foreign Secretary, Mr Dosglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary, and Mr John Moore, Secretary of State 
for Transport. An immediate ban on Bights will not involve 
any legal problems, because the state-owned airline does 
not have an air service agreement with Britain. 

Curteis, the scriptwriter, that 
the£l million production had 
been shelved after he had 
refused to make political 

Mr Curteis said that Mr 
Alasdair Milne, director gen- 
eral of the BBC. had commis- 
sioned the historical play three 
years ago and had com- 
plimented him on the script 
when it was completed last 

However, Mr Peter 
Goodchild, BBC Television's 
head of plays, later requested 

“I thought it was an ugly 
lea, and said so. I could 2nd 

idea, and said so. 1 could 2nd 
no historical evidence to sup- 
port it, and a member of the 
War Cabinet, who is not a 
politician, assured me that 
domestic political issues 
played no part in the military 


Mr Curteis said he had also 
been asked to delete scenes 
portraying Mrs Thatcher 
weeping at the loss of HMS 
Sheffield, and writing peisonaJ 
letters to the bereaved. 

Mr Milne then informed 
bim in July that Mr BiU 
Cotton, managing director of 

BBC Television, and Mr Mi- 
chael Grade, director of pro- 
grammes, both had 
reservations about the play, 
and it bad been derided not to 
produce it until after die next 
elections. . . 

The director-general said m 
a tetter that he personally 
thought much of the play, but 
that it would be “greatly 
compromised if it got caught 
up in pre-election frenzy". 

“What it amounts to is that 
I was asked to falsify the 
historical records to project a 
political view,” Mr Curteis 

“I am sad beyond words 
that a great institution like the 
BBC should be reduced to 
cancelling meticulously re- 
searched historical plays be- 
cause they do not coincide 
with the political views of the 
television establishment. 
There can be no other 
explanation for their 

The BBC said yesterday it over the p 
had had ‘'creative meeting of 
discussions” about the script, advisory con 
and that r that kind of dialogue “If you co 

between producer and writer not purporti 
wasa routine matter in any big mentaiy. tiu 
drama production. reject is on 

The derision to proceed artistic stanc 
with the play, subject to script, grounds ^ c 
after the next general election, expressed, 
was taken “after it was con- Mr Jonu > 
eluded that characterizing an Luton Nora 
incumbent Prime Minister, tfreBBCtsw 
and serving members of the railing, l nen 
Cabinet and other active poli- who scnousl 
ucians in a television drama must be a o 
would be a difficult enough are heartily 
challenge at the best of times, wi ng i n fl i 
“But to to attempt it during organization, 
the run-up to a general dec- In recent 
lion was considered to be an vative Mrs 
unnecessary dramatic risk.” bers have bet 
• Mr Michael BBCs coven 

Meadowcroft, a Liberal MP Africa n emei 
and a member of the commit- recently, by 
tee which advises the BBC nes. The Mo, 
director general and his board about the m 
of governors, said yesterday troops at Eta 
he would raise the controversy France. 

over the play at the .next 
meetine of the corporation s 

meeting of the corporations 
advisory committee. 

“If you commission a play, 
not purporting to be a docu- 
mentary. the only reason to 
reject is on the grounds of 
artistic standards, not on the 
grounds of the views 
expressed” - 

Fillip for 
in 21-move * 
easy draw 

From Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 

Anatoly Karpov, the world 

Mr J Sf ,n . Cari g! 6 * „ chess challenger scored a new 

psychological success las, 

the BBC is like autumn leaves 
falling. There are many of us 
who seriously consider there 
must be a big shake-up. We 
are heartily sick of the left- 
wing influence in the 

night in his campaign to 
regain the world title he tog 
Iasi year. In the 20th game, 
playing the black pieces, he 
drew easily with in 21 moves, 
It was apparent when Karpov 
plaved his freeing thrust, la 

months, Conser- c 5 /that ihc game would % 
vative Mrs and parry mem- ^ out 10 a j raWi 

bers have been angered by the 
BBC's coverage of the South 
African emergency and. most 
recently, by ns television se- 
ries, The Monocled Mutineer. 
about the mutiny by British 
troops at Etaples in northern 

Dr Owen 
joins rates 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Dr David Owen yesterday 
stepped into the controversy 
over the future of the rating 
system by calling far its 
replacement by load income 

The intervention by the 
leader of the Social Demo- 
cratic Party came with the 
Government poised to begin 
the first stage of scrapping 
domestic rales and fulfilling a 
promise first given by Mrs 
Thatcher 12 years ago. 

In the Queen's Speech on 
November 12, it will an- 
nounce its intention to bring 
in a new BUI replacing domes- 
tic rates with a pou tax of 
about £200 per head for 
people over the age of 18 
living in Scotland. 

Consultations on similar 
proposals for England and 
Wales outlined in a Green 
Paper, Paying for Local Gov- 
ernment , come to a close at the 
end of October. Ministers will 
then have to decide whether to 
follow the Scottish lead. 

Dr Owen said rates are , 
unfair because they hit those 
households on modest in- 
comes relatively harder than 
those who are better off 
But the proposed commu- 
nity charge or poll tax fell into 
the same trap. Citing figures 
from the Green Paper he said 
that only the very poor and the 
affluent would gain from the 
change. Families on below 
average earnings of between 
£50 and £150 a week would 

The biggest flaw lay in the 
Government's plan to assume 
control of setting the levels of 
non-domestic rates. This, he 
said, would mean Whitehall 
holding the purse strings of 75 
per cent of council spending. 
Local income tax, generat- 
ing more than 70 per cent of 
expenditure, overcame the 
drawbacks of both systems. 

’ ‘* 



plan by 

A team of academics from 
Birkbeck College, London, has 
assembled a survival package 
to put before Mr Kenneth 
Baker, the Secretary of State 
for Education, on Thursday 
when they meet him to discuss 
the dispute over future fund- 
ing (Our Education Reporter 

Biricbeck is the only univer- 
sity college in the country 
which devotes itself to teach- 
ing working adults part-time 
in the evenings. 

Earlier this year the Univer- 
sity Grants Committee gave 
the college a temporary re- 
prieve when it derided to 
award an additional £600,000 
after originally cutting the 
money spent per student. 

money spent per student. 
Members of the college cam- 

Alderman David Rowe-Ham, aged 50 (right), was elected as the next Lord Mayor of London' 
yesterday. He will succeed Sir Allan Davis (left) on November 7 (Photograph: Leslie Lee). 

paign committee described 
the money as no more than a 

Under the direction of 
Professor Robin Marris, an 
economist, Birkbeck staff 
have put together a paper j 
which compares the cost- 
benefit record of the college 
with other institutions. 

• Birkbeck staff will be hop- 
ing to play on the 
Government's views of the 
importance of adult education 
and part-time teaching to 
persuade Mr Baker to secure a 
review of the grant situation. 

It was obvious, however 
that the former champion 
in no way perturbed but was 
merely treating this important 
game with the black pieces 
with the utmost caution. 

Kasparov played his first |g 
moves almost without think, 
ing. He then devoted nearly &q 
hour to the remaining five 
moves, but it was impossible 
to detect any advantage far 
him. It is my belief thin* 
Kasparov's intention tad 
been to play 14 nxcS. 
Overlooking that black can 
reply 14 BxG 15 bxf3 qxd4. 

The only consolation that 
Kasparov can draw from this 
feeble effort with the white 
pieces is that he has at lost 
stemmed Karpov's recent 
I flow of victories. With no 
| time-outs available to either 
player the 21st game will now 
| take place tomorrow. For this . 
gan/e Karpov will have the 
advantageous white pieces. If 
Kasparov cannot improve on 
i his defences from games 17 
and 1 9 his chances of retaining I 
the title are slim. 

The final shoot-out of four 
games, sees both players on 10 
points. Kasparov must reach 
12 points to hold his title. 
However, the first player to 
win six games will become 
world champion and both 
have four wins. The final 
phase will be covered by The 
Times commentary room at 
the .Great Eastern Hotel, 
Liverpool Street, London. 

1 04 

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8 Qxc4 

9 Qc2 

10 BgS 

11 Bxt6 

Bl** White 
NW 12 Nbd2 
®fi 13 Nb3 
14 dXC5 
Be7 15 Rfdi 
0-0 16 0*03 
d«4 !? a4 
■6 18 axb5 
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Bb7 20 e3 
21 Rd2 


Draw agreed. 

Print workers in new jobs 

Speaking to the annual con- 
ference of the Rating and 
Valuation Association in Scar- 
borough, Dr Owen said: The 
philosophy behind introduc- j 
ing local income tax is to give 1 
local authorities greater in- 

“But for it to be workable 
there must be major changes 
in the way councils are elected 
to ensure that they are fully 
representative of local 

Dr Owen envisaged the new 
tax being collected by the 
Inland Revenue on the basis 
of a year-end assessment sepa- 
rate from PAYE and then 
being channelled to the rele- 
vant councils. 

• The Association of 
, Chambers of Commerce yes- 
terday demanded a rates dis- 
count of 10 per cent in return 
for backing the Government’s 
plan to replace the present 
rating system. 

At least half of the 4,000 
Sogat '82 print union mem- 
bers formerly employed by 
News International have now 
got other jobs and are no 
longer directly involved in the 
dispute with the company. 

Some of them have ob- 
tained fall or part-time po- 
sitions within the national 
newspaper industry but the 
majority, particularly clerical 
workers, have found employ- 
ment in other fields. 

These figures, conceded by 
the union at national level, 
may have a crucial bearing on 
whether the members vote to 
end the eight-month old dis- 
pute which began when 5.500 
workers went on strike and 
were dismissed by tbe 

For although Miss Brenda 
Dean, the union's general 
secretary announced last week 
she had recommended accep- 
tance of the company’s “best, 
last and final offer” she is 
facing a revolt from hard-line 
London branch officials. 

Miss Dean is insisting that 
all her members involved in 
ihe dispute, with the exception 
of those who crossed picket 
lines, should be given a ballot 
paper. In a letter to the 
branches, she says that these 
must include “not only those 
who came out on strike and 
who are still on strike, but also 
those who since the strike 

By Tim Jones 

commenced have taken nor- 
mal or eariy retirement, those 
who have taken employment 
elsewhere, whether that 
employment is inside the 
trade or outside the trade or 
whether the employment is 
temporary employment or 

But many London union 
activists who are campaigning 
strongly for the offer to be 
rejected dairo that Miss Dean 
is exceeding her authority 
because of nile 10, clause six 
of the union's rule book. It 
states: “No member who is 
not working at the trade 
(excluding unemployed mem- 
bers seeking work at the trade) 
will be entitled to vote.” 

If the militants prevail, it 
means that many farmer 
employees of the company 
who have now got jobs else- 
where will be effectively pre- 
vented from taking part in the 
ballot. Miss Dean and her 
national officers would hope 
to counteract the activists by 
receiving registers of members 
from the branches and send- 
ing. ballot papers to those 
entitled to vote through the 

In any event the offer from 
News International is for the 
moment frozen as the TUC 
has rejected a request from the 
company to conduct or mon- 
itor a new balloting process. 
News International made the 

request after stating it had 
“little or no confidence" in tbe 
voting system instigated by 
Sogat ’82. 

Mr Bill O'Neill, who has led 
News International's negotiat- 
ing team during the dispute, 
made it clear yesterday that 
the company would not sit 
down again with Sogat '82 
unless it was within the frame- 
work of the joint national 
council which would only 
come about with a satisfactory 

Special meeting to be 
held on size of classes 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 

Representatives from teach- 
ing unions and local authority 
emptoyers yesterday deferred 
a decision on maximum class 
size and non-contact time 
until a special residential 
meeting expected to be held in 
Birmingham between Novem- 
ber 8 and 10. 

Mr Peter Smith, deputy 

acceptance vote. The council, general secretary of the Assis- 
if formed, will be a manage- taot Masters and Mistresses 

Burnham mangemem panel 
are in much more ofahurey to 
settle the fine print on the 
Coventry deal than any of the 
teaching unions. 

Mr Pearman yesterday in- 
sisted that “the end is in sight" 
and dismissed weekend re- 
ports of the imminent collapse 
of the July package as 

meat-union body designed to Association and chairman of 
deal with various aspects of the teachers' side, said after a 

collective relationships within 
the company. 

meeting in London yesterday 
that teachers were happy to 

For the teachers, however, 
Mr Smith said that some of 
the issues being discussed 
were too delicate and sensitive 

With the other main print tackle any outstanding issues 
union involved, the National of conditions of service, but 

to be “lashed up quickly in a 
West Midlands hotel”. 

Graphical Association, still to 
decide on whether to ballot, 
Mr O'Neil] again stated the 
company position that any 
vote bad to be backed by a 
recommendation to tbe mem- 
bers to accepL 

Tbe company has said the 
offer expires on October 8 
although it has offered to 
extend the period if the TUC 
agreed to become involved in 
the running of the Sogat '82 

Since the dispute began, the 
company has published its 
four titles. The Times, The 
Sunday Times . The Sun and 
the News of the World at its 

resisted attempts by employ- 
ers to include other issues such 
as salary levels, negotiating 
machinery and appraisaL 

These other issues would 
only be included at the meet- 
ing “if there are clear signals of 
progress between now and 

He added: “There are some 
in teaching circles, and I am 
not necessarily one of them, 
who would subscribe to the 
view that Mr Pearman is at 
times a practitioner of mas- 
terly delay and panicky 

This appears unlikely. The 
two working parties on sal- 
aries and appraisal set up after 
the deal at Coventry in July 
have not yet even met for 
preliminary discussions. 

new high technology plant at 
Wapping. east London. 

The signs after yesterday’s 
negotiations weTe that 
employers, led by Mr John 
Pearman. chairman of the 

Police chiefs call for 
increased manpower 

Members of the Burnham 
management panel were see- 
ing Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education, 
last night to report on the 
outcome of the meeting. 

It is also thought likely that 
they would lake the opportu- 
nity to try and quell hts fears 
stemming from reports of the 
escalating costs of funding 
part of any eventual deal. 

EEC farm conference 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Hard-pressed police com- 
manders from across the 
country will today call on the 
Home Secretary, Mr Douglas 
Hurd, to think again about his 
manpower policy and give 
them more officers to meet a 
service “creaking at the 
seams” with too much work. 

This comes a few months 
after Mr Hurd gave his agree- 
ment far London and provin- 
cial forces to increase their 
strength. He will face senior 
officers who believe the extra 
manpower is not enough. 

This week the Home Sec- 
retary will address the annual 
conference of the Police 
Superintendents* Association 
in Harrogate. 

Last night, on the eve of tbe 
conference. Chief Supt Leslie 

assessments resulting from 
careful analysis and not fig- 

Ministers’ day in country 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent ^ 

More Labour ' 
voters favour 
public schools 

ures plucked out of the air. 
After attending the con- 

A grim) tare ministers from 10 display of she 
of the 12 member states met demonstration 

display of sheep dog skills, a 
demonstration of drystone 
walling and a Cumberland 

Terence tomorrow Mr Stowe 

yesterday in an unspoiled walling and a Combe 
corner of England, which may wrestling contest, 
well have corrected a number Mr Jofea. Gammer, 
of misconceptions. minister’s deputy, 

the Home Secretary that while 
we expect to give value for 
money there is a limit to the 
duties which can be imposed 
or superimposed with the 
available resources.” 

Mr Stowe said the Home 
Secretary should appreciate 
the request for more man- 
power made by chief con- 
stables some time ago were 

and the Police Federation and 
this middle management 
group that we are creaking at 
the seams perhaps I should go 
back and take a deeper look.” 

Mr Stowe said the London 
police had asked for more 
than 4,000 extra men while 
provincial forces bad called 
for a total of 2,500 new 
officers. Scotland Yard had 
been given 1,200 new officers 
Spread over four years. 

Mr Stowe said: “What I am 
saying to the Home Secreiary 
is the original estimates are 
the ones on which he should 
respond and if he does not the 
quality of service will suffer." 

Mr Stowe went on: “I hope 
he will realize the seriousness 
with which we regard tile 

When the Conservative 
Party conference meets next 
month the police service will 
be looking for a promise of 
more resources. 

In the shadow the Old Man 
of Coniston, in tbe heart of the 
Lake District National Park, 
they were shown that fanning 

in Britain does not consist 
solely of large intensive arable 
and livestock prodnetion units 
busily contributing still more 
to the grain, beef and butter 

Instead they saw a land- 
scape of hills, lakes and 
ancient broadleaved wood- 
lands, of steep pastures grazed 
by little isolated groups of 
sheep and cattle. 

It was, as it was intended to 
be, a reminder that Britain has 
not yet snntndered to indus- 
trialized agriculture, and that 
tbe survival of the small family 
farm Is not exclusively a pre- 
occupation of southern 

minister’s deputy, said: “We 
think its a very good thing that 
our European colleagues can 
come here and see tins sort of 
landscape and are reminded 
that some of tbe old country 
ways are still alhe and 

“We may have to accept 
that controls in the more 
persistent of these upland 
areas could remain in force for 
some time,” Mr Jopllng said. 

Today the ministers, in the 
presence of the Prince of 
Wales, will meet to discuss 
ways of reducing EEC farm 

ways are stiU alive and KilcMe^thP'r lBMz 
healthy ” n.iecnie, the German 

Bat reminders of a harsher 

and more violent world in- iSETiSi^ J" - .32* 
traded in the shane of notice 5? Jop,infi *“ td ***** with 

and more violent world in- 
traded in the shape of police 
officers stationed In the hills 
and under nearby trees. 

The Ministry of Agriculture 
also chose the occasion to 
announce that radiation levels 
in sheep, allegedly caused by 
fallout from fae Chernobyl 
explosion in the Soviet Union, 
were in some areas not falling 
as fast as had been 

Although restrictions were 
being lifted as from midnight 

. " — — — ——| " 1 UI 

tne one proviso that there 
should be no accompanying 
. cot in prices. 

M. Francois Gtinanme, the 
French Minister, said he was 
prepared to examine the Brit- 
ish proposals with his col- 
leagues hot that the issue 
andd not be dealt with in quite 
so Wont a fashion. 

Bnt disagreements were at 
feast temporarily forgotten as 
Mr Jopling presented hand 
node crooks to his European 
“Gagnes and officials of the 

Europe. last night on all sheep in areas made crooks to fas European 

While Mr Michael Jopling, designated as “low colleagues and officials ofthe 
tbe Minister of Agriculture, deposition”, more than half a National Trust which owns the 
strode happily around million animals in Cumbria, farm where the ettherine font 
brandishing a shepherd's Scotland and North Wales place, congratulated 
crook, his guests were treated would remain subject to con- selves on a little useful 
to a narade of oediaree balk. a trok. noblirire. 

The proportion of Labour 
voters who think that in- 
dependent schools should be 
abolished is lower than any 
time since 1977, according to 
a survey carried out by MORI 
tor the Independent Schools 
information Service. 

The poll found that 58 per 
ceni of Labour voters sup- 
ported the retention of public 
schools, a marginal increase 
on the figure for last year. 

The findings make 

«aaing for the 
Labour leadership. 

Ma ?’ Mr Giles Radice, 
tne party s education spokes- 
nian, disclosed that Labour is 
committed to removing the 
tax concessions and charitable 
status enjoyed by more than ■ 
200 schools. He also re- 
“*ened the party’s aim of 
adsorbing private schools into 
Public ownership. 

Support for independent 
schools among the population 
as a whole stands at 73 per 
cent, with 86 per cent of 

SERES* «I 7 S percent 
of SDP/Liberal Alliance vot- 
ere in favour. 

MORI interviewed 1,907 
adults between August 15 and 


of 8 pul 
in care 

m- v. . . 


(11,'“.' ’■ 
hr- ; ' 


%ut C1 i 

SI.:-,. - 

f ft . 







‘Score card’ may help 
mothers detect signs 
that lead to cot death 






1 ilfi.aS 

k ; * 

. <- 

f . '• 

A “score card" system is to 
be devised by paediatricians 
to help mothers notice illness 
in their babies and reduce 
Britain's annual 1,500 cot 

A £75.000 appeal was 
launched by the Foundation 
for the Study of Infant Deaths 
yesterday to fund a three-year 
research project under Dr 
Colin Morley. a consultant 
paediatrician at 

Addenbrooke's Hospital, 

The study is designed to 
speed up the detection of 
symptoms in the home and 
will cover 1,000 babies under 
six months old. 

All babies admitted to 
Addenbrooke's as emergency 
cases will be followed up ana 
compared with a control 
group or healthy babies to 
assess the importance of a 
range of symptoms. 

A statistical analysis of the 
findings will result in the 
production of a “score card” 
of symptoms which a mother 
could then use to assess 
whether her baby is ill before 
deciding whether to dll in the 
family doctor. 

Dr Morley said: “In the first 
six months of life children are 

By Michael HovsneO 

vulnerable to serious illness 
2 nd in that time cot deaths 
occur. We are trying to work 
out which are the important 
signs of illness which mothers 
and others caring for babies 
should recognize. Some moth- 
ers are sometimes worried 
about bothering the GP. We 
are studying dusters of symp- 
toms which suggest babies 
have a serious illness. We 
warn to tackle possibly 
preventable deaths. 

“A mother might fed her 
baby's breathing is “fanny” - 
but if she can check against a 
‘score canf which questions 
whether the brea thing is fast, 
makes a noise, is laboured and 
makes the baby pull in its 
chest wall then a full score 
means she should call the 

The importance of such 
such a system was highlighted 
by the 1985 Post Neo- Natal 
Mortality report by the Medi- 
cal Care Research Unix at 
Sheffield University for the 
Department of Health. 

It studied 988 deaths of 
children up to two years old 
and found that nearly 50 per 
cent of babies who died un- 
expectedly at home had symp- 
toms dining their last 48 

bouts. In almost a quarter of 
the cases the seriousness of the 
illness had not been rec- 
ognized nor medical attention 


The Department of Health 
study found that coroners lad 
given verdicts of infanticide 
for only nine of the 988 cot 
deaths although a further in- 
vestigation suggested there 
might have been another 15 - 
less than 2L5 per cent in a EL 

But the report criticized 
parents for sometimes failing 
to recognize the severity of 
thdr baby's symptoms when 
ill and donors for talcing the 
wrong decisions m two out of 
three cases involving babies 
who subsequently died. 

Dr Morley said: “At the 
moment mothers often go by 
their experience, intuition and 
knowledge of their babies to 
decide if ft is ill and how 
seriously. In many cases that 
is perfectly adequate but not 

In 26 per cent of children 
admitted to hospital during 
the course of their terminal 
illness the case conference 
concluded there bad been 
either a delay in the making of 
a diagnosis or in initialing 
appropriate treatment. 

Solicitors worried 
about drugs Bill 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society is to raise 
with the Home Office the 
question of solicitors* liability 
to prosecution under govern- 
ment proposals to tackle drag 
trafficking which start coming 
into force today. 

The new “laundering" of- 
fence means that anyone 
knowingly assisting with the 
retention, control or invest- 
ment of drug trafficking pro- 
ceeds could be liable to confis- 
cation orders. 

Banks, accountants and 
other advisers, such as solic- 
itors, are given statutory pro- 
tection if they volunteer to the 
authorities suspicions about 
their clients' finances where 
these appear to be connected 
with drug trafficking, so that 
they cannot be sued for that 

The Government proposes 
in the Criminal Justice Bill to 
extend the provision to all 
other serious ' crime where 
large profits are reaped and 
the Law Society is concerned 
about the position of solicitors 
if they know or suspect a 
client's assets may have been 
derived from serious crime. 

A spokesman said: “The 
same statutory protection for 
advisers as exists with drug 

trafficking may well apply in 
the Criminal Justice Bill to 
other offences. But that would 
destroy the traditional confi- 
dential nature of the solid tor- 
client relationship. 

The Law Society is to raise 
several other issues with the 
Home Office prior to the Bill's 
publication. It is strongly op- 
posed to any obligatory disclo- 
sure of the defence case to the 
prosecution, as recommended 
by the Roskill committee on 
fraud trials. 

The Government is certain 
to indude this provision in the 
BflL dong with other Roskill 
proposals to reform trial pro- 
cedure, because it has dropped 
the controversial proposal to 
scrap jury trials for complex 
fraud. - 

Under the government pro- 
posals penalties would be 
imposed for failure of lawyers 
to .-disclose their case. That 
would lead id judges inquiring 
as to who is to Name for the 
non-disclosure, the lawyers or 
the client the sodety says. 

The sodety is also urging 
the Home Office to include 
another clause in the Bill: ft 
wants assaults on police to be 
made triable by jury. • 




Government, proposals to 
abolish weekly remand bear- 
ings and replace them with 
hearings every 28 days have 
been opposed by the London 
Criminal Courts Solicitors 
Association (Our Legal Af- 
fairs Correspondent writes ). 

In its response to die legal 
aid scrutiny report, the associ- 
ation says (tot “because of the 
pressures on all involved in the 
criminal courts, there is a 
grave risk that those who are 
detained in enstody win be 
overlooked mile** they are 
regularly before 

There is no substantial ev- 
idence of abase by defendants 
at the present rime, it says. 

If the proposal was im- 
plemented, the association 
says, it would be “essential" 
that there was a duty on the 
prosecution to notify any 
change of drcnmstances. 

The association also criti- 
cizes the report's proposals to 
transfer the job of giving free 
legal advice from solicitors to 
advice workers. Many of the 
suggestions are “impractical 
or will lead to increased 
costs", it says. 

of 8 put 
in care 

A girl prostitute aged eight 
lokl a woman police officer in 
an interview of three separate 
acts of picking up men in the 
company of other prostitutes. 

The girl claimed that once 
she was paid £1 and then £5. 

At Wolverhampton Ju- 
venile Court yesterday 
Wolverhampton Social Ser- 
vices department sought and 
were granted a foil care order 
for the child. 

Her parents opposed the 

Mr Robert Smyth, the 
stipediary magistrate, granting 
the order said: “We are quite 
satisfied that the development 
of this child has been impaired 
by her abnormal precodous- 
ness and overt sexuality. 

Man survives 
bridge leap 

A student aged 23 from 
Lanarkshire, who leapt 120 
feet from the Forth road 
bridge on Sunday, swam 
ashore with only a bruised 

A coastguard spokesman 
said: “It is absolutely amazing 
that he survived- Normally 
they hit the water and that's it 
- if they're not dead they go 
unconscious and drown." 

Walkers protest over 
‘forbidden Britain’ 

By Hngh Dayton, Environment Correspondent 

Walkers are ready to tres- 
pass on private land to claim 
the right to roam across 
“forbidden Britain,” the 
Ramblers' Association said 

It demanded laws allowing 
the public on to all open 
countryside including cliffs, 
mountains, heathland, moors 
and foreshore. 

“We do claim rights to walk 
over other people's land," Mr 
David Rubinstein, chairman 
of the association, said. 

He explained. "We claim 
that we have the right to walk 
in two places. One is where 
there is evidence of a public 
right of way and the other is 
open country' where walkers 

would not affect the 

Lord Melchett, a former 
Labour minister who is now 
vice-president of the associ- 
ation, said there was strong 
public demand for greater 
access to the countryside. He 
added that the association, 
which has more than 50,000 
members, would hold a “day 
of protest" next Sunday with 
rallies outside patches of 
countryside that are barred to 
walkers. Some of the 
demonstrations might involve 

The Country Landowners’ 
Association said it was op- 
posed to legal rights of public 
access to all open countryside. 

Pub bomb plot denied 

Thomas Maguire, the al- 
leged IRA conspirator, 
claimed at the Central Crim- 
inal Court yesterday that he 
was “in the dark" about a plot 
to blow up a public house near 
an Army base in Blackpool. 

Mr Maguire, aged 27, 
admitted walking around 
Weeion camp and having a 
drink at the Eagle and Child 
Inn— the alleged target— but 
told the jury he was not a 
member of any organization. 

Mr Maguire denied using 
code words in correspondence 

seized by police. 

Mr Maguire, from Donegal, 
was living in Milboume 
Street. Blackpool, when he 
was arrested under the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act 
last year. 

He denies conspiring be- 
tween January 1982 and April 
1983 with the Brighton 
bomber. Patrick Magee. Pat- 
rick Murray and others to 
cause an explosion at the 
public house. 

The hearing continues. 

BA must reveal more 
about cut-price fares 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

New moves to prevent Brit- 
ish Airways from "swamping” 
Britain’s booming holiday 
market are planned by the 

Mr John Moore. Secretary 
of State for Transport, has 
ordered the Civil Aviation 
Authority to work out detailed 
proposals which would force 
BA. and other scheduled carri- 
ers. to disclose for more 
information about the num- 
ber of holidaymakers they 
carry on scheduled routes 

Although there is no ev- 
idence that BA has been 
unscrupulous “effective safe- 
guards against anti-compet- 
itive behaviour and predatory 
pricing are essential to the 
success of the Government s 
airline competition policy" 
according to the department. 

The new plans come after 
representations from Britan- 
nia Airways that BA's size, its 
Heathrow-based network of 
routes and its ability to swap 
aircraft and crews with its 
charter subsidiary, British 
Airtours. gave it huge advan- 
tages. Britannia asked the 
CAA to vary BA's licences 

Although Mr Moore has 
formally dismissed 
Britannia's appeal, he has 
followed it with a series of new 
proposals which, if . im- 
plemented. will ease the 
airline's worries. 

One of the main proposals 
is that “information be pub- 
lished to enable airlines and 
interested parries to 
one another's 


PC jailed for 
biting ear has 
bail refused 

Richard Johnson, the po- 
liceman jailed for six months 
for biting off part of another 
officer's ear during a rugby 
match was refused bail by a 
High Court judge yesterday. 

Mr Justice Garland refused 
bail at a private hearing, 
which means the constable, 
aged 31. must stay in jail while 
his lawyers seek an early ap- 
peal against the sentence. 

When Judge John Rutter 
jailed him at Cardiff Crowo 
Court last week he condemn- 
ed the PC for a “dreadful ex- 
ample of football hooligan- 

The jury found he delib- 
erately sank his teeth into the 
ear of PC Keith Jones, aged 
40. after fighting broke out 
during a police derby match 
between Cardi 

go back 
on parade 

By Robin Young 

Assorted erks, kQlicks and 
sq naddies were back on par- 
ade at the Imperial War Mu- 
seum yesterday to recall their 
days off boll and jankers. The 
occasion was the opening of 
the first exhibition devoted to 
National Service, the cha- 
racter-forming pnrgatory that 
was abolished in 1963. • 

The exhibition was opened 
by Mr John Biffen, Lord Privy 
Seal and Leader of the House 
of Commons, who said his 
stint in the Royal Engineers 
had stood him in good stead as 
training for traveUing by Brit- 
ish Rafl. He lent the exhibition 
the shorts he wore while 
serving in the Middle East 
Monsignor Brace Kent, the 
anti-unclear campaigner (for- 
mer 6th Tank Regiment) 
admitted he still had his cap 
badge, welded as a soavenir on 

Mr John Bitten shows his Army shorts to the last man 
called up for National Service, Richard Watson of the Royal 
Army Pay Corps. Monsignor Brace Kent gets marching 
orders front former Grenadier Guards drill instructor, 
Bernard Blackton (Photographs: Peter Triernor). 

a beer tankard. His discharge 

papers were on display too, 
along with Anberon Wangh's 
Royal Horse Guards forage 
cap and battledress blouse, 
Michael Frayn's Intelligence 
Corps uniform, a map drawn 
by Alan SOiitoe as an RAF 
wireless operator in Malaya, 
photographs of Leslie Thomas 

in the days when he was a 
virgin soldier and Nigel Law- 
son when the Chancellor was a 
naval officer. 

The exhibition coincides' 
with publication of a book 
about National Service by 
Trevor Royie called The Best 
Years of Their Lives. 

Nairne is 
tipped for 
top BBC 

By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

Sir Patrick Nairne professes 
himself to be intrigued, but 
sceptical, about speculation 
that he may be invited to 
succeed the late Mr Stuart 
Young as BBC chairman. 

The former Civil Servant, 
now Master of St Catherine's 
College. Oxford, said yes- 
terday he had not been ap~ 

J troached about the position, 
or which he considered him- 
self “a most unlikely choice". 

He declined to comment on 
how he would react to any 
offer to lake up what was. 
“Clearly an exceedingly im- 
portant job”. 

Sir Patrick, aged 65. has an 
intimate knowledge of the 
television industry at exec- 
utive level as vice-chairman of 
the West Midlands board of 
Central TV. His impeccable 
credentials, after he ended a 
long Whitehall career in 1981 
as permanent secretary at the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security, are also said to 
be in his favour. 

A shortlist of candidates is 
known to have been drafted 
since Mr Young died of cancer 
last month, but the Prime 
Minister's Office and the BBC 
have given no clues to its 

Speculation had focused on 
Lord King of Wartnaby. the 
British Airways chairman, 
and Lord Barnett, who was 
appointed BBC vice-chairman 
on August I. 

Mrs Thatcher is said to 
favour Lord King, who has 
transformed the commercial 
prospects of the stale airline. 
However, some BBC exec- 
utives are concerned that he 
might pay more attention to 
efficiency than creativity. 
They would prefer the Labour 
peer, who is committed to the 
corporation's independence. 

A civil engineer, a houswife, 
a solicitor and a window 
cleaner are among the winners 
of yesterday’s Portfolio Gokl 
prize of £4.000. 

Mr Adrian Keacb, aged 43, 
from Kettering Us North- 
amptonshire, who has been a 
regular player since tire game 
started, said: “I always do it on 
the train to London, but my 
colleagues used to call it a 
waste of lime. “I felt incredu- 
lous when I realized that my 
total matched The Times Port- 
folio dividend." 

Mr Reach, who is a civil 
engineer, said the win would 
enable his family to visit his 
sister in Georgia in the US. 

Mrs Patricia Harris, aged 
54. a housewife, from Eastern 
Green, Coventry, said she 
would spend her prize money 
on a weekend break with her 
son in London. 

Mr Michael Gardiner, a 
solicitor from Stourbridge, 
West Midlands, said he re- 
alized that he was a winner 30 
minutes before the daily 
claims deadline. 

The other winners were Mr 
Michael Howard, aged 49, a 
window cleaner from south 
Loudon; Mrs Enid Ellis from 
Maidstone, Kent; and Mr 
Christopher Needham from 
Woking. Surrey. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

PO Bov 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mr Adrian Keacb. 

iff and Newport 


"ft wasn't a doddle, it was difficult, but a big 
relief to have done it on my own ’’ 

Mr Davis is a master of understatement. 
With arthritis in his joints, he didn’t climb the 
26 steps up to his flat just because they were 
there. He had no choice. 

“Of course going down is worse in a way 
because you can see how far there is to fall. But 
at least home is at the top, so the worst is going 
out - not getting back.” 

Over one and a half million old people in 
Britain suffer from arthritis. Besides the pain, 
it takes away their mobility. As everyday 
obstacles — steps, keys, kerbstones - become 
a major chailenge, friends, family, shops, the 
community at large, ail move slowly out of 

“The lady at the Day Hospital told me to 
concentrate. What you do is hands first, grip the 
rail, then move your opposite foot Then you rest 
It’ll never be quicker than ten minutes, but if 
there’s one thing you learn with these creaking 
bones, its patience ” 

Help the Aged supports Day Hospitals 
and other practical projects that combat the 
vulnerability, isolation and loneliness that lack 
of mobility brings to old people. We help fund 
Day Centres, minibuses - for thousands, their 
sole link with the outside world -and provide 
emergency alarms to those living at risk from 
living alone. 

“ When I got to the Day Centre they thought 
I’d come by the minibus. I hadn’t. I’d walked. It 
was a day like any other, but it was a good day for 


me, a very good day.” 

To find out more about our work, or to send 
a donation, please write to: Help the Aged, 
25th Anniversary Appeal, Freepost,] 

62626, St James’s Walk, 

London ECIB IBD. 

Help the Aged 





Economy debate • Housing rights • Ulster pact • South Atnca 

Exchange controls 
promised to 
stop capital loss 

An incoming Labour Gov- 
ernment would implement an 
exchange controls policy de- 
signed not only to slop capital 
flowing out of Britain but to 
bring back much of the money 
exported abroad over the past 
seven years. Mr Roy 
Hattersley. deputy leader of 
the Labour Party and Shadow 
Chancellor, told the party 
conference at Blackpool 

He rejected calls during the 
debate on the economy for the 
reimposition of the type of 
statutory exchange controls 
which existed from 1939 to 
1979. arguing that they would 
be much loo easy to avoid. 

He repeated Labour's 
pledge lo reduce unemploy- 
ment by about a million in 
two years but emphasized that 
that would not be easy. Huge 
investment would be needed 
in the infrastructure and in 
manufacturing industry in or- 
der to get Britain tack to 

He said that all local 
authorities should be prepar- 
ing plans for capital works in 
readiness for the money that 
would bo available when a 
Labour Government was 

Mr Rodney Bickerstaffe, 
general secretary 1 of the Na- 
tional Union of Public 
Employees, said the next elec- 
tion would be won or lost on 
Labour's economic policy and 
a Labour government would 
stand or fall on its record of 

He was proposing a 
composite resolution calling 
for a jobs programme aimed at 
cutting unemployment by one 
million within two years as the 
first step to restoring full 

The resolution also pro- 
posed a plan for industry 
based on the hill and demo- 
cratic parlication of the 
workforce, together with 
investment through a new 
British Investment bank, di- 
rected bank lending and new 
public enterprise initiatives 
led by a national enterprise 
board and local ones. 

Mr Bickers taffe saidrlf we 
cannot get people back to 
work in large numbers we will 
have failed — We have got to 
gel our economic policies 

There were weekly claims 
that the economy was on 
target. Everything was said to 
be going up. It was - for them 

and their kind, but not for the 

“For us the only things 

Mr Roy Grantham, general 
secretary of the Association of 
Professional. Executive Cleri- 

gomg up are poverty, un- cal and Computer Staff, said 
employment and the cost of that the Government's 
living", he said. “ But T am appointment of Mr Graham 

‘the best 


The shadow Foreign Sec- 
retary. Mr Denis Healey, said 
in Blackpool yesterday that on 
his recent visit to South Africa 
he found powerful black and 
multiracial organizations in 
the trade unions, political 
parties and townships which 
were building up the basis for 
a majority black government 
within not many years from 


Mr Healey, who was speak- 
ing at a Labour Party con- 
ference fringe meeting, said he 
regretted that the Foreign and 
Commonwealth Secretary, Sir 
GeotTrey Howe, on his ill- 
starred visit to South Africa, 
went through Sowcro in five 
minutes in a sealed limousine 
w ith the windows up. 

Had he come into visual 
contact with ‘the reality of 
apartheid he could not have 
failed to change his position. 

“If we have any hope of 
shortening the agony and 
reducing the bloodshed it 
must be as a result of sus- 
tained pressure from the out- 
side world through san- 
ctions". Mr Healey said. 

"One of the things I was 
totally convinced of on my 
recent visit was (hat by far the 
best answer to the problem 
would be comprehensive 
mandatory sanctions through 
the United Nations. They 
would bite hard and fast, 
shortening the agony." 

Rut such sanctions required 
a motion passed in the Se- 
curity Council. Every such 
motion put to the United 
Nations had been vetoed by 
America and Britain, although 
the pressure was now building 
up ‘ 

“So far one of the most 
effective economic pressures 
on South Africa has come 
from the many companies, 
especially \merican. which 
have been compelled by the 
institutions which invest in 
them or by their own 
shareholders to take their 
ntonev out of South Africa.” 

just one of Edwina Currie's 
ignorant northerners. Her line 
is. “Let them eat statistics’.” 

The economy had been 
turned upside down by 
Conservative values that put 
company shares before peo- 
ple. competition before co- 
operation, profit before 

The Government had in- 
vested twice as much last year 
overseas as in manufacturing 
at home. Was it right that last 
year more was spent on de- 
fence than on educating chil- 
dren; was it right the rich got 
billions in lax hand-outs while 

Mr Ian Mikardo. the 78-year- 
old MP for Bow and Poplar, 

who plans to retire at the next . Government. 

Day to head the Rover Group 
was a great disservice lo the 
motor industry'. 

There was no longer an 
engineer on the board of die 
group, a situation which 
would not apply in Japan and 
would be contrary to the law 
in Germany. 

Mr Frank Wilkinson, of the 
General Municipal and 
Boilermakers’ Trade Union, 
said that the case for involve- 
ment of the workforce in 
industrial management had 
been overwhelmingly made 
over the past 40 years, but 
freezing out the workforce 
from decision-making and 
keeping it in the dark was a 
necessity for the present 

J#® _ 

■ v - 

Move to 
pact on 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

Mr David Blanket!, of Sheffield, and Mr NeO Emnock at the conference yesterday. 


election, said that he would 
use his little swan song to offer 
some avuncular advice to Mr 

“This rather fancy scheme 
yon have dreamed np for a 
bribe to some British investors 
into putting money into Great 
Britain, instead of abroad, just 
will not work. “Yon cannot 
dock out of exchange controls 
in that way”. 

Research in the past had 
shown that more than a third 
of British investment abroad 
had the effect of reducing 
employment in Great Britain. 

eight million workers sur- 
vived on poverty pay? 

The resolution meant there 
would be investment in build- 
ing. services, infrastructure. It 
was about partnership be- 
tween working people and the 
government to make sure 
Labour priorities became the 
people's priorities. 

Mr Stephen Hepburn, 
Jarrow, seconding the resolu- 
tion. said that on the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Jarrow 
march he was hoping to see 
history changed round. 

Unemployment in Jarrow 
had reached 8.000 and the job 
centre had only 143 jobs on 
offer. Of those vacancies, 80 
were through the community 
programme which was no 
better than the charitable 
schemes of the 1930s, he said. 

The greatest tragedy was for 
the young unemployed. By 
depriving them of jobs the 
Government was stealing the 
seed com of the future. 

“How can workers be ex- 
pected to have pride in the 
company and its image when 
that company can be the small 
change in a massive takeover 
without their involvement?" 

Mr Robin Cook, MP for 
Livingston and Labour Party 
campaign coordinator, said 
that at this year's conference 
there were resolutions on eco- 
nomic policy from half a 
dozen constituencies and only 
one trade union. If they 
wanted to be credible in 
putting jobs as their top 
priority they had to show 
more interest in economic 
policy than that. 

One of the messages they 
had to get across was that this 
was a rich country. This 
should have been an historic 
period of unprecedented 
prosperity, yet last month 
Britain had a record deficit in 
its balance of trade. 

Hattersley calls for renewal 

“We are currently training 
ne-lenth of the apprentices of 

one-tenth of the apprentices ot 
West Germany and barely as 
many as Switzerland”, he 

Considering the way the 
Government had squandered 
the country's oil revenue it 
was the Conservatives and not 
Labour who should be on the 
defensive over ' public 

If Britain could afford to 
double imports of champagne 
in the past three years it could 
afford a programme to give its 
unemployed work. The next 
Labour government was going 
to have to change those 
warped priorities. 

Mr Roy Hattersley, the 
Shadow Chancellor, said Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, never made 
speeches defendiag the 
Government's economic 

That was not surprising. 
Under Mr Lawson's steward- 
ship Britain had the highest 
unemployment in history, the 
worst balance of trade, the 
highest interest rates, the most 
bankruptcies and the lowest 
value of sterling. 

Let there be no doubt about 
the central pillar of Labour's 
economic strategy. “Labour is 
the party of oetpnt, the party 
of investment, the party of 
exports and the party of 

“ Above all other things, 
Labour is the party of jobs. 
Our first task Is to repeat the 
pledge we made last year- that 
a Labour Government will 
reduce unemployment by 
about one million in its first 
two years. 

To go on entring jobs in the 
second half of the next Par- 
liament, they needed to rescue 
and revive manufacturing in- 
dustry. After seven years of 
Conservatism, manufacturing 
industry was in a state m 
almost terminal collapse. 

Men and women in the City 
had held a Dutch auction of 
the country's nationalized in- 
dustries and sold off precious 
assets at millions below proper 

The gap left after North Sea 
oQ had gone could only be 
filled by investment First 
investment was needed in 
essential public sector capital - 
the in fras t ructur e on which the 
whole economy depended - and 
then in new investment m 

munnfarfnr ing industry. 

“We will ntal-p sore British 
money now invested overseas 
is invested back home here in 
Britain. We need exchange 

But they could not be 
recreated in the old form, the 

form that survived from 1939 
to 1979. People would get 
around them in 10 minutes 
flat ■ 

“What we need and what we 
are going to have is a new 
exchange control policy which 
not only keeps British money 
in Britain but actually brings 
back modi of the money that 
has been exported into foreign 
economies over the last seven 

The chairmen of the 
nationalized industries were 
preparing plans for new vital 
investment in the public sector 
which they intended to present 
to a new Labour government 
as soon as it was elected. 

Mr Stuart BdL a Labour 
Northern Ireland spokesman, 
criticized for agreeing to share 
a platform with a convicted 
IRA bomber tomorrow, is to 
use the occasion to deliver a 
ringing denunciation of vi- 
olence and of politicians who 
support it and 19 announce 
new measures that a Labour 
government would take 
against terrorism. 

His speech will be part of a 
wider offensive launched last 
night by himself and the 
shadow Northern Ireland sec- 
retary. Mr Peter Archer, de- 
signed to marginalize the 
vocal Troops Out movement 
on Labour's 1 eft and to swing 
the party firmly behind the 
.Anglo-Irish Agreement before 
the next election. 

On Thursday the Labour 
conference is expected 10 re- 
ject decisively two motions 
denouncing the Anglo-Irish 
agreement and calling for 
British troops to be 

But Mr Bell believes that it 
is not enough to depend on 
union block votes and that the 
front bench has to cany the 
battle to the militant 

Mr Archer opened the at- 
tack last night by arguing at a 
fringe meeting of the Par- 
liamentary Labour Party’s 
Northern Ireland Committee 
that the border dispute will 
never be solved by Britain 
walking away. 

The cornerstone of a future 
Labour government's North- 
ern Ireland policy would be 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 
which, argued Mr Bell, repre- 

Geoffrey Smith 

Attack from 
both sides 

But it will not be a simple 
issue. On that, as on many 
other topics, Mr Hattersley is 
likely to Bud that he is bong 
attacked from the left and the 

Mr Blunkett was concerned 
with the need for frankness 
with the electorate. Yet that 
does not seem to have been his 

Councils all over the country 
were d re Darina plans for work 

sented a way for the national-, “fa my view 

^®^"L"W"* teNorthU> there will have to be a return to 

were preparing plans for work 
that needed to be done 
There was also need for a 
massive training programme, 
a radical change in die 
organization and structure of 
ownership in the economy, a 
tougher mergers policy and a 
prices policy 

express their views. 

Irish unity could only be 

achieved peacefully and with 
consent Labour would seek 





MSC must come under 
‘democratic control’ 

The economics debate, 
centred on a national exec- 
utive committee report en- 
titled Labour the Party of 
Production. The report re- 
peated the Labour promise to 

reduce unemployment by a 
million in the first two years of 

million in the first two years of 
office as a first step towards 
regaining high and stable lev- 
els of employment in industry 
and services. 

It said that the level of 
economic growth needed for a 
healthy economy could be 
achieved only by a sharp 
revival in industrial output, 
manufacturing annd visible 
exports and by recapturing 
markets lost to imported 

Economic expansion 
should not be achieved at the 
expense of working conditions 
or of the environment 

“Labour stands for 
plannned and responsible 
growth, achieved with full 
democratic participation.” 

A rejuvenated manufac- 
turing sector would have only 
a limited direct effect on 
reducing unemployment But 
it would help to make it 
possible for Labour to lake the 
measures needed to pul Brit- 
ain back to work, particularly 
by affording protection from 
balance of payments problems 
which expansion would other- 
wise create as North Sea oil 
output declined. It would 
create a parallel growth in the 
service sector. 

The conference passed, 
against the wishes of the NEC 
a composite motion moved by 
the Socialist Educational 
Association reaffirming the 
Deed for a 1988 education Act 

Miss Betty Boothroyd, MP, 
for the NEC, said that it was 
too restrictive in its call for 
new provision for education 
for 16-19 year-olds. 

But the conference by a 
| large majority preferred the 
I advice of Mrs Frances 
I Morrell, chairman of Inner 
! London Education Authority, 
who said they could not remit, 
as requested by the NEC, a 
motion which contained so 
many useful dements. 

Motions calling for in- 
creased investment in educa- 
tion and training were 

Mr Robert Gillespie, Amal- 
gamated Union of Engineer- 
ing Workers (TassX Craft 
(Patternmakers) Sector, mov- 
ing a composite motion which 
particularly called for the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion to be brought under 
direct democratic control said 
they sought a wider breadth of 
training not only in traditional 
skills but in contemporary and 
future technology. 

Mr Steve Large, St Ives, 
seconding, said that it was 
absurd to wait for employers 
to provide the huge training 
programme needed. A skilled 
workforce was vital. 

Miss Kate Hoey, Co-op- 
erative Wholesale Society, 
moved a composite motion 

calling for increased public 
expenditure on civil rrsearch 
and development, and for 
consultation between the 
party and the CWS on the best 
way to teach co-operative 

She said that for Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher a state educa- 
tion service was no longer 
necessary. They were wasting 
a generation and their chil- , 
dren were being abandoned, j 

consent Labour would seek 
harmanization of laws be- 
tween north and south, exam- 
ine ways of giving some form 
of devolution to Northern 
Ireland, study local govern- 
ment structures to achieve 
greater popular participation, 
stop strip searching and the 
use of rubber bullets, and 
amend procedure at West- 
minster to ensure more atten- 
tion to Northern Ireland. 

Mr Bell has defended his 
decision to appear with a 
convicted IRA bomber, Mr 

a higher standard rate of 
incume tax”, he declared, “and 
people will respect os for 
saying so.” 

They would certainly not 
respect Labour far appearing 
to fudge the Issue, and there is 
a widespread suspicion — 
naturally encouraged by the 
present government — that 
Labour's spending plaits have 
not been adequately costed. 
That would mean that in office 
Labour would not be able to 
confine the increases to rel- 
atively rich taxpayers 

Whether such suspicions 
are justified must naturally 
depend on Just how much 

HKKEBfiMas T* 

Fein -sympathizing Labour 
Committee on Ireland. 

It was regrettable that Mr 
Carroll had been invited but 
his job was to defend the 
Anglo-Irish agreement in front 
of activists, he said. He would 
be stating Labour policy 
clearly and denouncing Sinn 

Mr James Cameron. East T71 f _ 1 • • 

Kilbride, seconding, said that MfiCITICltY 
the Tories had been in power m V 

for seven years and were now ' nlanninn 1 
concerned about the problem lllllll l* 

nf (•Hnrarinn X ” 

the tones had been in power 
for seven years and were now 
concerned about the .problem 
of education. 

The problem was that the 
Tories had been rumbled. 
People did not believe them 
any more. They should know 
about the crisis in education 
because they had created tL 
The state education service 
was under savage attack and 
needed to be defended. 

Mbs Joanna Taft, Social 
Education Association, 
proposing the composite 1 
resolution reaffirming the 
need fora 1988 education Act, 
said: “Never before has the 
opportunity been greater or 
more needed for us to cam- 
paign for education and to 
reaffirm our belief in educa- 
tion for everyone as of right” 

The Conservatives were try- 
ing to put themselves forward 

under way 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board is consid- 
ering contingency plans in the 
event of the election of a 
Labour government commit- 
ted to phasing out nuclear 
power generation. 

Mr John Baker, managing 
director of the CEGB, told a 
fringe meeting organized by 
the Nuclear Electricity In- 
formation Group, that if 
nuclear power were to be 
phased out it should be a 
matter of decades not a matter 
of the moment. 

When the editor of Tribune , 
Mr Nigel Williamson, asked , 
what contingency plans the 
board had for the election of a I 

as the party of change, of Labour government, Mr Bak- 
standards and of training, er said that the board was 

Thai was a “con trick”, an 
illusion and a myth. 


Delegates demand a Bill for housing rights 

The conference carried a 
motion urging the next Labour 
government to achieve its 
long-term objective to get a 
safe, secure and satisfactory 
home for all by preseating a 
housing rights Bill in the first 
session of a new Parliament. 

The national executive 
committee of the party was 
instructed to ensure that a 
draft BUI was prepared before 
the next general election so 
that it would be available for 

authority cannot provide a 
home from its existing stock. 

One far-reaching proposal 
was a right for all public, 
private and bousing associ- 
ation tenants to boy their 
home from their landlord at 
market value, subject to their 
tenancy. But if the purchase 
were through the local 
authority io an area where the 
load plan indicated an unmet 
need for rented bousing, the 
local authority would be bound 

Labour's incoming housing to replace the unit lost with a 
minister to present to Par- comparable unit. 

liament immediately. 

A detailed composite motion 

Private tenants should have 
the right to require their local 

shareholders ^ 10 lake _ tneir contain and also the duties 
money oui of South Africa. that would be placed on local 

_ , . , authorities. Those included a 

1 Odav s flwn da right for all tenants to enable 
.rr, t ^ “ them to force their landlords to 
Mr Neil tvinnock. the La- carry out repairs and for all 

Ibted various rights for ten- authority to buy their prop- 
ants that the Bill ought to ertv. so that they can remain 

hour leader, will address the 
conference this afternoon. 
There will be debates this 
morning on lesbian and gay 
rights, legal reform, crime and 
policing, social ownership, 
and this afternoon party fi- 
nances and membership sub- 
scriptions will be considered. 

tenants to have security of 
tenure, except in clearly de- 
fined and limited cases. 

Another right would give 
people who are homeless, in 
overcrowded accommodation, 
or who are disabled to require 
their local authority to buy a 
home for them to rent if the 

as tenants or be rehoused, or 
collectively to acquire the 

a A second motion, proposed 
by the Union of Cwistrurtion. 
Allied Trades and Tech- 
nicians, reiterated the need for 
sustained and consistent 
investment in housing as part 
of a programme for economic 
regeneration and the creation 
of a secure framework for jobs. 

That investment would the 
motion stated, be based on a 
move towards public owner- 

ship of the construction in- 
dustry through the growth and 
extension of direct labour 
organizations and the repeal of 
legislation which hindered the 
growth of such organizations. 

Mr Syd Tierney, of the 
Union of Shop, Distributive 
and Allied Workers, vice- 
chairman of the Labour Ptuty, 
in recommending acceptance 
of the two motions, said a 
sustained programme of 
house-building was essential 
and was one of Labour's top 
priorities. The Government's 
cuts in public-sector bousing 
represented a policy of mad- 
ness. particularly at a time 
when so many construction 
workers were unemployed. 

Thousands of families, the 
homeless, die jobless _ and 
young people had no choice in 
housing. There was no choice 
for those living in the North of 
England, where the average 
price of a house was £25,000, 
who wanted to get work in the 
Sooth of England, where the 
average price was £64,000. 

Mr Jeffrey Rooker, MP for 
Birmingham Perry Barr and 
Opposition spokesman on 
boosing, said housing would 

form an important part of 
Labour's million jobs pro- 

The legacy Labour would 
inherit would be “horren- 
dous". No fewer than two out 
of nine homes were either unfit 
or in need of substantial 
renovation. About four million 
families were involved, owners 
and tenants alike, and they 
were all in the misery together. 
Labour was the only party that 
would get them out of ft. 

Miss Jackie Rosenberg, 
Westminster North, com- 
plained that Mr Rooker had 
not been strong enongh in his 
opposition to clauses in the 
Housing and Planning Bill 
under which councils could 
sell off whole estates to private 
developers. , 

Tenants* groups were fight- 
ing to protect their rights of 
tenure. People were not 
ashamed to live in public- 
sector bousing and many ten- 
ants were fearful of Labour's 
view of public-sector housing. 

Mr Michael Connarty, par- 
liamentary candidate for Stir- 
ling. said the Government was 
the new Rachmann. All ten- 
ants, public and private. 

should have the right to repair. 
Tenants must also have the 
right to participate in the 
drawing up of housing plans. 

Miss Mary Page, par- 
liamentary candidate for Nor- 
folk Sooth West said action 
should be taken to prevent 
Tory county and district coun- 
cils obstructing the plans for 
housing that Labour would be 
seeking to implement Rural ' 
areas must be treated on a par 
with other areas. j 

Mr Nicholas RaynsfonL, I 
MP for Fulham, sa id that the j 
deplorable record of the Tory ! 
Government was symbolized ! 
by the increasing use iff bed 
and breakfast holds, usually 
squalid and certainly destruc- 
tive of family life and even 
more expensive than building 
new council houses for the 
people involved. 

They needed a programme 
that ensured investment 'in 
new homes ami new rights for 
tenants and the homeless. 
There should not be the 
grotesque bias through sub- 
sidy in favour of the well-off 
and owneiHMCupier that ex- 
isted at present 

looking at designs of larger, 
coal-fired power stations and 
those studies would come to 
fruition over the next few 

The studies were not 
primarily based 6 n political 
considerations but on the view 
that it was the board’s duty to 
“work forward the altern- 

■ Later Mr Baker told report- 
ers that on any basis the 
CEGB needed to order six or 
seven power stations to be in 
operation by the year 2,000 
and that meant ordering by 
1994. His judgement was that 
they should be a mix of coal 
and nuclear. 

The board was looking for 

Institute for Fiscal Studies has 
concluded that Labour’s im- 
mediate programme has been 
realistically costed, while the 
remaining pledges are likely to 
be expensive. 

One can look at that, how- 
ever, the other way round. The 
more firmly Labour is commit- 
ted not to raise the standard 
rate of income tax, the less it 
will be able to do. That, I 
suspect, is what Mr Blunkett 
has in mind. 

His distinctive position in 
Labour politics needs to be 
appreciated. He is a politically 
asttute and eloquent soft left 
member of the party's Na- 
tional Executive Committee 
who often seems to regard it as 
bis role to buikl bridges to the 
far left. 

That is what he tried to do 
with the Liverpool militants at 
Bournemouth last year, and he 
seems now to be sending 
another signal to the far left. 
He appears to be pressing Mr 
Hattersley not to be inhibited 
in making “a credible drive for 
socialism” by fear of potting 
up the standard rate of income 

What if Mr Hattersley had 
failed now to reaffirm the 
pledge on standard rate? How 
damaging would it be in the 
election if it were widely 
believed that under Labour 
most income taxpayers would 
be paying more? 



A little while ago I would 
have had no doubt that ft 
would have been elect orally 
disastrous. Now I think the 
position is a little more com- 
plicated. There is a good deal 
of evidence that lower taxation 
is no longer the overriding 


Most people are more con- 
cerned to improve standards in 
education and health. If that 
means, putting up taxes a bit, 
so be it. People are prepared 

possible sites. The preference . to spend more of their own 
for the first coal-fired station money for better schools for 

was on the South Coast to 
support the electricity system. 
They were also looking at sites 
m the Midlands and the 

If the n udear power stations 
were to be phased out in the 
1990s there would have to be 
13 or 14 new coal-fired 

Mr Baker said that he was 
extremely worried about the 
cost of phasing out nuclear 
power and suggested that the 
pnee of deciricity would be 
between 25 and 50 per cent 
higher over a 25-year period. 

Phasing out could be man- 
aged, but not without loss of 
light if it were to be carried out 
in five years. 

Conference reports by Alan Wood, Robert Morgan, John Winder, Anthony Hodges and Howard Underwood 

their children and better hos- 
pitols for their families. 

I am very doubtful, however, 
if that indicates a new era of 
electoral compassion. I won- 
der if those who say in opinion 
polls that they would be 
prepared to pay more on 
standard rate for the relief of 
poverty would really be so 
willing when it came to the 

There is. 1 believe, an 
electoral danger for Labour 
and also for the SDP with its 
ambitious plan for the merging 
of tax and benefits in assuming 
a greater fond of public com- 
passimi than actually exists. 

1 be Conservatives would be 

unlikely t0 win the election 
simply with a programme for 
Iowa- taxes, but the opposition 
Parties could lose the election 
with plans for higher taxes. 


1 ■ t 

Roy Hattersley has run into 
some criticism at Blackpool 
for not being sufficiently rad- 
ical as Shadow Chancellor. 

He was attacked by more 
than one speaker in the 
ccoomic debate yesterday for 
not being prepared to reirapose 
exchange controls, and the day 
before he came under fire from 
David Blunkett, the leader of 
Sheffield City Council for 
promising that Labour's plans 
could be implemented without 
raising the standard rate of 
income tax. 

Mr Hattersley rejected both 
criticisms, but he showed him- 
self to be particularly sensitive 
to Mr Blunkett's charge. That 
is understandable. Exchange 
controls arc a somewhat ab- 
struse subject of economic 
debate: taxation may well be 
one of the principal issues in 
the next general election. 


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Call for more black 
judges to build trust 
of minority in courts 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
Immediate action is needed The committee recom- 16.3 per cent of victims of 

to combat the “disastrous” 
racial discrimination in the 
criminal justice system, 
according to a committee 
which includes repre- 
sentatives of magistrates, jus- 
tices clerks ana probation 

Unless the system is fair, the 
committee says in a report 
published yesterday, respect 
for the law among young black 
people disappears and the 
temptation to diregard it 

Home Office statistics show 
that the proportion of black 
male prisoners is double that 
of comparable age groups in 
the general population. 

The proportion of black 
female prisoners is even 
higher. Yet black prisoners 
have substantially fewer pre- 
vious convictions than white 

“Many black people lack 
confidence in the way they are 
treated in the courts." the 
report by the Race Issues 
Advisory Committee of the 
National Association for the 
Care and Resettlement of 
Offenders, says. 

mends that Lord Hatisham of 
St Marylebone. Lord Chan- 
cellor. should make a public 
commitment to the appoint- 
ment of more black judges and 
should develop a more pos- 
itive approach to recruiting 
black magistrates. 

The report says that more 
should be done to recruit 
black people into the proba- 
tion service at all levels. At 
present black people make up 
fewer than 2 per cent of the 
6.784 probation staff 

assault were of Afro-Carib- 
bean or Asian origin. In 1985 
the proportions rose to 16.S 
per cent and 18.1 per cent 

Although Sir Kenneth New- 
man. the Metropolitan Police 
Commissioner, in 1985 tar- 
geted Tacial attacks as a prior- 
ity for action and the 
Association of Chief Police 
Officers issued guidance to all 
forces, the report says the 
police should be more vig- 
orous in using their powers 
Although the Prison . against racial h a ras s m ent. 
Department had acted to meet The report was described by 

the challenge, greater efforts 
should be made to recruit 
black staff to the prison ser- 
vice. the report said. 

Racially prejudiced or 
discriminatory behaviour by 
prison staff should be a disci- 
plinary offence. 

The proportion of victims 
of robbery and assault from 
ethnic minorities is much 
higher than their proportion 
in the population as a whole, 
and is increasing. 

In 1984 in London, 15.1 per 
cent of victims of robbery and 

Mr PCter Newsam. chairman 
of the Commission for Racial 
Equality, as “a call to action**. 

He said: “If black people's 
confidence in the criminal 
justice system is to be in- 
creased. as it needs to be, the 
committee's recommenda- 
tions should be taken seri- 
ously by all the statutory, 
voluntary and community 
organizations involved." . 

Black People and the Crim- 
inal Justice System (Nacxo. 1 69 
Clapham Road. London SW9 
OPU; £5 inci p & p). 

Court asked to vary 
Nirex injunctions 

Anti-nuclear protest gro 
asked a High Court judge 
yesterday to vary injunctions 
granted to Nirex, the atomic 
waste agency. 

They claim the injunctions 
restraining them from stop- 
ping test drilling on three of 
the proposed nuclear dump 
sites are too wide because all 
those associated with them, 
including the Bishop of Lin- 
coln and Mr Austin Mitchell, 
MP for Great Grimsby, and 
the Women's Institute could 
find themselves liable to 

Mr Justice Henry is being 
asked to restrict the injunc- 
tions to named defendants of 
the Lincolnshire Against 
Nuclear Dumping and the 
Humberside Against Nuclear 
Dumping groups. 

The injunctions granted 
earlier this month encom; 
ail those “associated or 
ated with" the groups. 

Mrs Vera Baud, counsel for 
the two groups, said that in 
obtaining the injunctions 
Nirex had “caused serious 

worry, indeed flight to fam- 
ilies in the counties". 

Nirex is testing four sites, 
Elstow, Bedfordshire, 
Killingholme, Humberside, 
Fulbeck, Lincolnshire, and 
BradweQ on Sea, Essex. 

The hearing continues 

• Anglian Water has ap- 
pointed a team of experts to. 
protect water interests when 
Nirex begins drilling to deter- 
mine the suitability of four 
sites for the disposal of low- 
level radioactive waste. 

The water authority, which 
is responsible for water* sup- 
plies to 10L500 square miles 
between the Humber and the 
Thames, wants to know 
whether it will prove dan- 
gerous to porous water bearing 

Mr Bernard Henderson, 
chairman of Anglian Water, 
said yesterday the authority 
was determined to obtain its 
own independent and impar- 
tial advice as it was vitally 
important that, customers 
should be reassured. 

Courts hit 
by roof 

A continuing rooftop pro- 
test by prisoners at Risley 
Remand Centre in Cheshire 
led yesterday to the cancella- 
tion of all services to the 
courts and prison visits. 

The- administrative diffi- 
culties for courts in the North- 
west and North Wales came 
when 101 prisoners from 
Risley failed to arrive for 
hearings after the remand 
centre's governor announced 
the cancellation. 

The rooftop protest, which 
began on Saturday, is against 
overcrowding. At first, 18 
prisoners occupied the roof. 
By yesterday morning there 
were 10 still there. 

Yesterday Risley should 
have sent 14 prisoners to face 
trial, 74 for remand and 13 for 
an appearance in court. 

The Home Office said there 
had been three small cell fires 
at the centre but that all were 
quickly contained with mini- 
mum damage. 

Britain's oldest identical twins, Marion (left) ami Isabella Weir, of Longridge, West Lothi- 
an, celebrated their 100th birthday yesterday. Neither of the sisters smokes or drinks, and 
apart from 11 years, they have never been separated and have not married. 

Acid rain:2 

Caution on plant effects 

Dr Nigel Bell is an expert on 
the impact of acid rain on 
plants. “It should by now be 
clear," he told environmental 
health officers from local 
councils at their national con- 
ference this month, “that our 
understanding of the im- 
portance of air pollution in 
reducing the performance of 
vegetation in the United King- 
dom is at a very elementary 

It is all very well saying that 
acid rain damages plants, but 
so do many other things. 
Frost, drought, the nature of 
the soil and attacks by moulds 
and insects all play their parts. 

As several of them occur 
together, it becomes harder 
than ever to decide exactly 
what is making a plant suffer. 
It becomes even harder if the 
attack is coming either from 
acid rain or directly from 
smoke-borne gases. 

At least if the plant is being 
weakened by insects that nib- 
ble it or nest on it the culprits 
can usually be seen and their 
work identified. The neat term 
“arid rain" implies that the 
thing is consistent and un- 

Scieiuists blame acid rain for killing trees and fish. Bui 
as Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent, reports 
in the second of four articles, householders should 
pause before looking for its effects in their flower bor- 
ders and g 

} goldfish bowls 

changing. In fact the aridity of 
rain falling on one patch of 
land can vary enormously 
through the seasons. 

That helps to explain the 
caution of scientists who in- 
vestigate the causes and effects 
of arid rain damage. The 
effects are not all one way. 

Black spot is a fungus 
disease which disfigures the 

Arid rain is caused by a 
mixture of pollutants that are 
puffed skywards and react* 
with cloud-borne moisture. 
Sulphur dioxide from power 
stations is the best-known of 
the pollutants, but oxides of 
nitrogen play a leading part as 
well About half of the nitro- 
gen oxides come from power 
stations, a third from vehicle 
exhausts and a fifth from 
industry. A small amount 
comes from home- beating 

leaves on rose bushes. 
Gardeners who live in areas 
heavily polluted by sulphur 
dioxide from power stations 
or heavy industry experience 
little trouble from the fungus. 
Black spot on roses increases 
when the amount of sulphur 
dioxide in the atmosphere is 

“There are many examples 
of economically important 
diseases being stimulated by 
pollutants." Dr Bell a senior 
lecturer at Imperial College of 
Science and Technology, said. 
“One is the action of ozone on 
grey mould on potatoes." 

Leeks, lupins and clover are 
all sensitive to pollution fay 
nitrogen oxides that are puffed 
into the atmosphere, accord- 
ing to a new handbook com- 
piled at Imperial College. 

Tomorrow: Satellites and 

West of 
is hit by 

An earthquake shook a 
3.000 square mile area of the 
west coast of Scotland early 
Yesterday. Nobody was hurt 
but there were reports of 
household objects being top- 
pled by the vibrations. 

The British Geological Sur- 
vey centre in Edinburgh said 
the epicentre of the tremor, 
measured 3-5 on the Richter 
Scale, was at Loch Unnhe, 
near Oban. 

Earthquakes of this mag- 
nitude. or greater, are fell on 
average three times a year in 
Britain. Yesterday’s earth- 
quake. which happened at 
2.33am. lasted for about 20 

Police, who received 30 
calls from the public, said 
There were no reports of 
structural damage. 

Mrs Maureen Ritchie, a 
seismologist at the geological 
centre, said that several trem- 
ors. each between one and two 
on the Richter Scale, have 
been recorded in that area 
during the past year. 

She added: “We believe 
they are connected with the 
Great Glen fault" 

The most severe earthquake 
to be measured by in- 
struments in Britain was at 
Llcyn Penn. North Wales, in 
Julv 1984. which reached 5.4. 

fans to 
take legal 

By David Sapsted 

A group of Northern Irish 
football supporters said yes- 
terday that they would take 
legal action against Sealink 
for banning them from travel- 
ling on a ferry back to the 

The captain of the Stran- 
raer- Larne ferry, the Galloway 
Princess, refused to sail on 
Sunday night with the group of 
42 “loyalists" on board, claim- 
ing some of them were drunk. 

As part of a clamp down on 
football hooligans, Sealink 
refuses to carry any supporters 
across the Irish Sea who might 
be “a danger to themselves or 
other passengers", a spokes- 
man said yesterday. 

The group returned yes- 
terday morning without in- 
cident on another Sealink fer- 
ry, the Si David. 

Mr Kenneth Kerr, one of the 
organizers of the trip to Scot- 
land to support Rangers, said 
solicitors would demand 
compensation from Sealink. 

Runcie visit 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Robert Runcie. is to 
visit the US from October 4 to 
10 at the invitation of Har- 
vard and Yale universities. 

Undergraduates killed 
in Alps snowstorm 

Two inseparable school 
friends who went on to be- 
come Cambridge undergrad- 
uates have died together in a 
freak snowstorm in the Alps. 

The students were experi- 
enced mountaineers and left 
Cambridge three weeks ago 
determined to climb Mom 

- But a mountain rescue team 
found the body of Mr James 
Perron, aged 21 . a second-year 
’medical student at Jesus Col- 
lege, 4.400 metres up a slope 
in the Aosta Valley after a 
snowstorm. He is thought to 
have died of hypothermia. 

There was no sign of his 
friend, Mr David Howie, also 
aged 21, a first-year engineer- 
ing student at St John's. His 
parents have been told by 
French mountain rescuers 
that the search for him has 
been abandoned and he is 
presumed to be dead. 

Mr Perron, the son of a fish 
merchant, was from 
Swaffham Bui beck, near Cam- 

bridge. He was awarded a first- 
class pass in pan lb of the 
medical tripos examination at 
Cambridge in the summer and 
had just been elected by his 
college to a foundation 
scholarship for his third year 
due to beginnext month. 

He was described yesterday 
as a “quite outstanding" 
medical student. 

Mr Howie, due to begin his 
second year, was also de- 
scribed as a “very fine 
student" and was the son of a 
Churchill College don. 

Their home is in Hunting- 
don Road, Cambridge. They 
had climbed in the Pyrenees 
and crossed Spit 2 bergen 

Mrs Isobel Perron said last 
night: “We begged James not 
to go near Mont Blanc because 
of its reputation, but he re- 
assured us they were highly 
experienced mountaineers 
and said they were determined 
to go." 


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Chernobyl restarts one 
' of remaining reactors 
in face of energy crisis 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 



The Soviet authorities an- 
nounced last night that the 
first of the four original 1 ,000- 
jnegawatt reactors at the 
Chernobyl plant had been 
restarted yesterday, some five 
months after the explosion 
that caused the world's worst 
nuclear disaster. 

. Mr ViuUy Sklyarov, min- 
ister of electrification and 
power engineering in -the 
Ukraine, said that the next 
stage in restarting the plant 
would be the resumption of 
commercial electricity gener- 

unseasonable blizzard yes- 
terday, Praxda carried a 
gloom-laden front-page lead- 
ing article giving warning of 
the difficulties ahead and call- 
ing for a sweeping energy 
conservation drive by both 
domestic and industrial con- 

It is the second time this 
month that the paper has 
lashed out against the energy 
sector for failing to prepare the 
counuy adequately for a win- 
ter which has not only arrived 
early but also shown signs of 
being uncomfortably severe. 

. Yesterday the reactor opera- Praxda cited low water lev- 
toon was brought to “the els in rivers as the third main 
minimum controllable level", reason for the crisis. 

II said thal construction of 
amhnHti'L new units, as laid down in the 

five-year national plan, had 
been delayed at nudear power 
plant was the serious energy plants in Kalinin. Zaporozhye 
shortage facing the country. ^ Rovno . y 

. A second Chernobyl reactor j t did not gj ve the expected 
is expected to resume opera- energy shortfell in pre- 

tions soon, but no date has figures, but said that the 
been set For bringing back on neet j J0 rmh construction at 
stream the third, .which is next ^e nuclear plants and other 
to that wrecked in the explo- power stations that had fallen 
sion on April -.6. behind target would in- 

Thc Soviet Union faces an evitabiy reduce the quality of 
energy crisis this winter not work carried out in the last 
onlv because of the Chernobyl quarter of the year, 
disaster but, also because, of leading mkl ^ which 

long delays m the construcuon after Communist 1 Party 

acity in other nuclear and out t0 various senior officials 
hydro-elecinc power stations. . in ^ lrouWed energy in- 
Peak-hour electricity ration- dustry, said that work had 
ing has already been in- begun on electricity generating 
traduced in four of the 15 units with a total capacity of 
republics. less than 3.5 million kilowatt 

As Muscovites shivered in a hours, whereas 28 units with a 

Ghana link 
with Togo 
coup plot 

LOME (Renter) - Guerril- 
las accused of attempting to 
overthrow President Eyadema 
of Togo said yesterday that 
they were recruited in Ghana 
and armed and trained in 
Burkina Faso. 

Mr Kpotivi Teri-Pfijogbe 
Lade, the Minister of the 
Interior, presented the cap- 
tives at a news conference. He 
said they claimed they were 
ordered to kill Mr Eyadema 
and install Mr Gilchrist 

If Mr Eyadema had been 
killed in the coup attempt, 
about 200 troops from Burkina 
Faso, which borders Togo to 
the north, would hare provided 
support to the new regime, Mr 
Lacle said. 

He added that the plan was 
to set up a 10-member pro- 
visional council for Togolese 

capacity of 6.5 million kilo- 
wait hours had been sched- 
uled for completion in the fust 
eight months of the year. 

Commenting on the article, 
a senior Western energy , 
specialist said thal one reason 
for the delays was the involve- 
ment of so many experts and 
so much specialized machin- 
ery and capital in the huge and i 
still unfinished dean-up at 

Yesterday Tass disclosed ! 
that 4.500 square miles ofland 
around the plant in the 
Ukraine had been examined 
for contamination since the 
explosion. Stage two of the 
investigation had begun re- 
cently. spread even farther 
afield to pinpoint any “dirty 
spots" outside the immediate 
exclusion zone. 

According to Western es- 
timates, Soviet electricity 
consumption can vary by 
more 15 per cent between 
summer and winter, allowing 
a lot of slack in the grid to cope 
with the immediate aftermath 
of the disaster. The early onset 
of the winter, however, has cut 
this margin of spare capacity. 

Praxda said yesterday that 
peak-hour rationing had been 
introduced morning and eve- 
ning in parts of the Ukraine. 

Caucasus and Central Asia 
In an leading article on 
September 16, the paper said: 
“The preparation of the 
country’s energy industry for 
the cold calls forth serious 

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Police inspect Hamagp by a bomb which mot off outside a Masonic lodge in Brussels, injuring two people. 

By-election shock 
for Ozal Cabinet 

From RasR Gnrdflek, Ankara 

Mr Suleyman Demirel. the 
leader of the True Path Party, 
the real winner of Sunday's 
by-elections for 1 1 seats in the 
Turkish Parliament, yesterday 
called for an early general 
election to add to the troubles 
of Mr Tuigm Ozal. the Prime 

The True Path Party, not 
allowed to enter the general 
elections in 1983. won four 
seats, displacing in the process 
the opposition Social Demo- 
crats to become the second 
biggest party. 

The main opposition Social 
Democratic Populist Party 
won a single seat as the votes 
were split by the rival Demo- 
cratic Left Party supported by 
Mr Bulent Ecevit, who. like 
Mr Demirel, has been defying 
his political restrictions to 
campaign in the poll. 

Mr Ecevit. however, has 
been less successful than Mr 
Demirel. as the Democratic 
Left Party failed to dear the 
10-per cent hurdle necessary 
to win a seat. 

Although the ruling Moth- 
erland Party of Mr Ozal 
secured six seats to boost to 
237 its majority in the 400- 
member Parliament, it saw its 
electoral support dwindle by a 
quarter to 32 per ant 

Addressing a press con- 
ference yesterday, Mr Demirel 
insisted that the Ozal Govern- 
ment could not be allowed to 
stay in power for two more 
years. He also attacked the 
political restrictions imposed 
on him and other politicians 
which, he said, “created a 
barrier in front of the national 

hurts two 

From Richard Owen 

An explosion ripped 
through a Masonic Lodge in 
central Brussels in the early 
hours of yesterday morning, 
injuring two people and caus- 
ing extensive damage. 

The bombing, thought by 
Belgian police to be a terrorist 
attack, came only a few days 
after EEC Interior Ministers 
had agreed at their emergency 
London summit to tighten up 
co-ordination of die European 
fight against terrorism in the 
wake of the recent Paris 

Immediate suspicion fell on 
the Belgian terrorist group, 
the Fighting Communist Oils 
(CCC). although police 
emphasized that no one had 
claimed responsibility for the 
blast and there was- no hard 
evidence that the CCC was 
hghind it 

Four CCC ringleaders — 
including M Pierre Carrette, 
the CCC mastermind — were 
arrested in a dramatic police 
raid at the end of last year. But 
Belgium has been bracing 
itself for a recurrence of 
terrorism by Iowa- level mem- 
bers of the CCC, which re- 
ceives. arms from Action 
Directe, the French terrorist 
group espousing a similar 
anarchistic form of Marxism. 

Eye witnesses said a car had 
drawn np outside the Grand 
Orient Lodge, headquarters 
for about 80 Masonic lodges, 
and one or more terrorists had 
leapt out placing a suitcase of 
explosives at the Lodge en- 
trance before driving oft 

One man was cat by Hying 
glass from the explosion and 
another person was slightly 

Family feud across Ciskei and Transkei homelands 

Xhosa power clash flares over kidnap 

From Michael Hornsby 
East London 

A power struggle has broken 
out between Souih Africa's 
two Xhosa-speaking tribal 
homelands of Ciskei and 
Transkei. and within Ciskei's 
ruling Scbc clan in the Eastern 
Cape, traditionally known as 
the oldest centre of the 
country's black-white conflict. 

The* Ciskei Government 
spokesman. Mr Headman 
Somiunzi. claimed yesterday 
in an interview with The 
Times that Major-General 
Kwane Scbc. son of the Presi- 
dent for life. Mr Lennox Sebc. 
who was abducted by un- 
known while men last Friday, 
was being held hostage in 
neighbouring Transkei. 

According to Mr Somtunzi. 
Major-General Scbe is a pris- 
oner in Umiata. the Transkei 
capital, at the house of Mr 
Namba Scbe. a disgruntled 
brother of President Sebc. Mr 
Namba Sebe. a former Min- 
ister of Transport in Ciskei. 
sought refuge in Transkei to 

evade charges of fraud and 

Late on Friday. Mr Som- 
lunzi said. Mr Namba Sebe 
telephoned a Ciskei minister 
demanding that President 
Sebe, as the price for the 
release of his son, should 
resign and make way for a 
government headed by Mr 

100 miles ^LESOTHO J y > 


Charles Sebe. another rene- 
gade brother of the President. 

Mr Charles Scbe, once the 
much-feared head of the 
Ciskei security forces, was 
arrested in July 1983 amid 
allegations of a plot to topple 
his brother, and was sentenced 
a year later to 12 years’ prison 

for having allegedly incited 
police and army officers to 
commit violence. 

On Friday, the same day 
that Major-General Kwane 
Sebe. commander of an elite 
security force unit, was kid- 
napped. another group of 
armed white men freed Mr 
Charles Sebe from prison. He 
is also understood to be in 

A former member of the 
South .African security police, 
he believed he had a mission 
to eliminate communists. 

The abductors of President 
Sebe's son are also demanding 
the release from jail of the two 
sons of Mr Namba Sebe and 
Mr Charles Sebe. Former 
members of the Ciskei se- 
curity forces, they were sen- 
tenced in 1984 to long prison 
terms for complicity in a 
rebellion against the Ciskei 

There has been no public 
comment on the affair from 

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New Peking code reaffirms 
Deng’s open-door policy 

Details of a sweeping new 
code of conduct issued by 
China’s powerful Communist 
Party Central Committee re- 
affirm the country’s commit- 
ment to the open-door policy 
and uphold the right of Chi- 
nese citizens to make money, 
to learn from capitalist coun- 
tries and to adopt a greater 
measure of democracy. 

A 10.000-character resolu- 
tion, entitled "Guiding prin- 
ciples for building a socialist 
society with an advanced cul- 
ture and ideology", calls the 
modernization programme 
spearheaded by Mr Deng 
Xiaoping, China's supreme 
leader, “a basic, unalterable 

It emphasizes the need for 
“socialist morality", based on 
the development of “socialist 
spiritual civilization" to ac- 
company the development of 
China’s economy, which the 
Dengists dub “material civ- 

In a reference to well- 
publicized cases of etxmomic 
crime and bureaucratic fraud 
that have proliferated since 
1978. the document observes: 
“Socialist morality rejects 
both the idea and the practice 
of pursuing personal interests 
at the expense of others, or 
pursuing the interests of one’s 
own group at the expense of 
others, or pursuing the in- 
terests of one’s own group at 
the expense ^of the larger 

According to the document, 
the socialist legal system pro- 
tected the rights of all the 
people, and everyone was 
equal under the law. 

“Support of the democratic 
legal system begins at schooL 
The law is a powerful weapon 
in protecting the people and 

From Robert Grieves, Peking 
protecting the four modern- 

At the same time, the 
resolution warned that the 
West’s “bourgeois liberaliza- 
tion, which means negating 
the socialist system in favor of 
capitalism, is in total contra- 
diction to the people’s int- 

But the resolution declares 
that China’s “iron rice bowl” 
of equal pay regardless of 
effort must be broken. 

“China will on no account 
regard egalitarianism (equal 
pay for unequal work) as an 
ethical principle m our 

• The resolution was issued 
after 199 Central Committee 
members and 126 alternates 
held a one-day plenary session 
in the Great Hall of the People 
here, following five days of 
preparatory meetings. 

The session was chaired by 
Mr Hu Yaobang, the party 
general secretary. Mr Deng, 
Mr Zhao Ziyang. China's 
Premier. Mr Li Xiannian, 
China's President, and Mr 
Chen Yun, a conservative 
senior member of the Central 
Committee's polrtburo. 

, ' *»;• jk"* 

Mr Deng: “a basic and 
unalterable policy." 

The resolution, issued in 
eight instalments by the New 
China News Agency, appeared 
on the front page of yest- 
erday's edition of the nor- 
mally drab Peoples' Daily 
under large red headlines. 

Mr Deng said recently that 
it was too early to take action 
on the pressing issue of politi- 
cal reform, which lies at the 
heart of China’s moderniza- 
tion drive. 

But some Chinese officials 
said last week that the 
•plenum's discussion of “spir- 
itual civilization" could set 
the stage for the debate on 
political reform. 

By defining the ideological 
basis of Mr Deng's mod- 
ernization programme, dip- 
lomats here say. Mr Deng is 
attempting to protect himself 
from party conservatives who 
have charged (hat his reforms 
have fostered corruption and a 
weakening of China's socialist 

“This meeting was a tri- 
umph for Deng, and goes 
much further than 1 would 
have expected." a Western 
diplomat said yesterday . 

“It endorses his position on 
just about all points, except 
those that even Dengists 
would say need correcting." 

Mr Deng is expected to step 
down formally as paramount 
leader at the party’s 13th 
national congress which wall 
be attended by i ,950 delegates 
in Peking next October. 

• Leaders meet: General Woj- 
cieeh Jaruzelski. who is head 
of the Polish Communist 
Party, exchanged views on the 
development of socialism 
with Mr Deng during an hour- 
long interview in the Great 
Hall of the People here 

look to 
the future 

Warsaw — Poland's Solidar- 
ity leaders met yesterday 
under the chairmanship of Mr 
Lcch Walesa to chan a new 
opposition strategy towards 
the communist authorities af- 
ter the release of the country’s 
political prisoners (Roger 
Boyes writes). 

The fundamental problem 
is whether to dissolve the 
underground leadership and 
lo try to operate completely 

Pilot charge 

Paris (Reuter) — Mme Na- 
dine Vaujour. who piloted the 
helicopter which plucked her 
husband Michel from the roof 
of a Paris prison in May, has 
been charged with complicity 
in his escape. 

Train crash 

Jakarta (API — Thirteen 
people were killed and nine 
others injured in a collision 
between a train and a truck 
carrying 22 villagers in south 

Paris honour 

Vienna (AP) - Mr Simon 
Wiesenthal. head or the Jew- 
ish Documentation Centre, 
who brought numerous Nazi 
war criminals to justice, has 
been made a Chevalier of the 
French Legion d'honneur. 

Basque held 

Bayonne (AP) — French 
frontier police arrested a sus- 
pected member of the ETA 
Basque movement and held 
him for possible expulsion to 
Spain, police said. 

Sabin ill 

Catania (Reuter) — Dr Al- 
bert Sabin, aged 80. the 
American doctor who devel- 
oped an oral vaccine against 
polio, was taken ill wth a 
heart disturbance during a 
flight. He is now improving. 

Lorry loaded 

Mannheim (Reuter) — A 
nationwide hum was launched 
for a lorry driver who van- 
ished with five million marks 
(£1.7 million) in neighbouring 
Ludwigshafen. a police spok- 
esman said. 

Plane fire 

Delhi (Reuter) — At least 10 
people were injured when an 
Indian Airlines Airbus made 
an emergency landing in Ma- 
dras with one engine on fire, 
the Press Trust of India 

Troops on Ice 

Tehran (Reuter) — Iran has 
built an ice-making factory in 
the southern Iraqi port of Faw, 
which its forces have occupied 
since February. 

Relations between the pow- 
erful Matanzima family in 
Transkei and President Sebe 
have never been friendly. The 
Matanzimas would like to rule 
over a greater Xhosa state in 
the Eastern Cape, and were 
angry when Ciskei accepted 
“independence" from Pre- 
toria in 1981. As they saw it, 
this “divided the Xhosa 

Neither Transkei, which 
look “independence" in 1976 
and has about 2,500.300 
inhabitants, nor Ciskei, whose 
population is about 720,000, 
is recognised by the outside 
world, and their leaders are 
denounced by radical black 
political groups as govern- 
ment stooges. 

Former white members of 
the Selous Scouts, the elite 
anti-guerrilla unit of Southern 
Rhodesia, hold prominent po- 
sitions in the Transkei se- 
curity forces, and could well 
have sprung Mr Charles Sebe 
from prison and abducted 
President Sebe’s son. 

Egypt steps in 
with offer on 
peace process 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Egypt yesterday offered its 
services as the main arbiter of 
the Middle East peace process, 
saying it was in a unique 
position to promote Arab- 
Israeii reconciliation. 

Mr Ahmed Abdel Meguid. 
the Egyptian Foreign Min- 
ister. told the UN General 
.Assembly that Egypt was best 
equipped to act “as a direct 
party with all other parties" in 
the Middle East dispute. 

It was also in a position to 
engage in a dialogue with the 
five permanent members of 
the Security Council to create 
the conditions for convening 
an international peace 

He appeared to straddle the 
different approaches taken by 
Israel and Arab states to a 
peace conference, saying it 
should serve as a framework 
for negotiations. 

• GENEVA: Senior Egyptian 
and Israeli officials met here 
yesterday to decide on a final 
arbiter and a starting date for 
their conference on the dis- 
puted Taba enclave (AP 

^£0* £ 


7 ..ft.-* . 

, '^S- /*£)$****’ 









kidnapped as 
tension rises 
in west Beirut 

Beirut (Reuter) - A French 
television cameraman was re- 
ported kidnapped in west 
Beirut and an Army colonel 
was murdered in the Christian 
cast yesterday as tension 
mounted between soldiers and 

A French Embassy spokes- 
man said thai Jean-Marc 
Sroussi. aged 41. -a freelance 
cameraman for several tele-, 
vision networks including 
France's Antenne-2, had been 

M Sroussi was seized on 
Sunday as he crossed by car 
from Christian east Beirut to 
the mainly Muslim western 
sector, through southern sub- 
urbs. largely controlled by the 
Shia Muslim AmaJ militia. 

Local media said that he 
was crossing the “Green Line” 
divide to try to learn the 
whereabouts of his assistant, 
Mr Fuad Suleiman, a Chris- 
tian Syrian, w ho was abducted 
last week. 

The Amal militia has 
launched a massive hunt for 
M Sroussi. whose abduction 
took place in an area largely 
controlled by Amal. 

“Orders have gone out to all 
our posts and checkpoints to 
look for him.” militia sources 

Nine French nationals are 
now among at feast 20 for- 
eigners missing, believed kid- 
napped. in Lebanon. 

In cast Beirut, tension rose 
sharply between the Christian 
Lebanese Forces militia and 
regular army soldiers after the 
Army intervened in a week- 
end battle between Christians 
in which at least 33 people 

The militia issued a com- 
munique blaming “hot 
headed" Army officers for a 
shoot-out at a militia check- 
point on Sunday in which two 
Christian fighters died. 

It said that while the Leba- 
nese Forces enjoyed good 
relations with the Army, offi- 
cers should not be allowed to 
act in a “haphazard manner”. 

In an apparently related 
incident, gunmen shot dead a 
senior Christian officer in his 
east Beirut home. 

A senior Lebanese Forces 
official said that the murder of 
Colonel Khalil Kanaan. aged 
56. commander of the Fifth 
Brigade, was part of a plot to 
destabilize Christian areas of 
the country. 

“We had very good links 
with the officer, ana the killing 
has been made to look as if we 
were involved," he said 

Prickly path to Arab leadership in West B ank cities 

Jordan is 
happy at 
of mayors 


From Ian Murray 

Jordan yesterday welcomed 
the appointment by Israel of 
three Arab mayors for the 
occupied West Bank ntiq of 
Ramailah, Hebron and A1 

Bireh. They started work yes- 
terday, learning the job from 
the Israeli military governors 
who have been running the 
cities since their Arab mayors 
were deposed four years ago. 

It has taken mouths of 
delicate negotiations to find 
Arabs prepared to serve as 
mayors, foiling the assas- 
sination last March of Mr 
Zafr al-Masri, who was ap- 
pointed Mayor of Nablus by 
Israel in what was said at the 
time to be a prototype for the 
kind of local autonomy fa- 
voured for the occupied -terri- 
tories by the Israeli Labomr 

Several potential candidates 
for the post of mayor in other 
towns withdrew after the mur- 
der and the funeral of Mr al- 
Masri, which turned into a 
huge demonstration of support 
for the Palestine liberation 
Organization (PLO). 

Critics here blamed the 
Israeli Government at the tone 
for turning the Mayor of 
Nablus into an inevitable 
assassination victim by hold- 

War crime 
accused to 
face Israeli 
show trial 

From Ian Murray 

The new Israeli-appointed Mayor of AI Bireh, Mr Hassan al-Tawil, flanked by two Israeli 
soldiers as he arrives to take up his duties at the city headquarters. 

ing him up as an example of 
the type of person who could 
work peacefully for the 
Palestinian canse alon gsi de 
the Israeli occupying power. 

In marked contrast, Israeli 
authorities have been at pains 
to play down the significance 
of the three new appointments. 

Major General Ephraim 
Sneli, the rivfl administration 
chief in the West Bank, said 
that what was involved was an 
initiative of the people with no 
political connotation. There 
was no attempt in try to create 


an alternative leadership 
the West Bank, he said. 

Nevertheless Jordan has 
promised financial support for 
the three mayors, all of whom 
went to Amman to seek ap- 
proval before agreeing to the 
Israeli appointment. 

King Husain, who » looking 
for an alternative leadership to 
the PLO, must therefore see 
them as potential allies. 

None of them is a revolu- 
tionary figure. Mr Hassan al- 
Tawfl in Al Bireh is 71, a 
wealthy landowner and 

incssman who is already 
established as one of the city's 
two main community leaders. 

Dr Abdel Majid al-Ziris is 
aged 58- and the head of 
Hebron's Municipal Health 
Department, which means he 
is already a Jordanian aril 

Mr Khalil Musa Khalil is 
aged 59 and a wealthy 
businessman who served as 
Mayor of Ramailah between 
1969 and 1972 before PLO- 
sponsored appointees took 
over the post 


■ 137 direct flights a week mean 
Air France offers more destinations 
and frequency than any other airline. 
That indudes London to Paris: 9 flights 
in all each way every day. 

No one else touches us for speed 
either In our exdusive area at 
Heathrow Terminal 2 we've almost 
doubled our check-in desks - one of 
them a special ~no-baggage M 

While our boarding has moved right 
next to the main departure lounge. 
(In fad, it's one of the shortest 
distances from check-in to departure 
in Terminal 2.) 

Even in the air we're always 
looking for improvements. Like 
upgrading Hie seating in Economy 
Gass on our London/Paris route. As 
well as induding in-flight catering with 
complimentary wine or drinks. 

Fly from Heathrow to Paris, 
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A former car worker _ ac- 
cused of war crimes detailed 
in a 17-page catalogue was 
charged f 9 rmally when he 
appeared in Jerusalem Dis- 
trict Court yesterday. Mr Ivan 
John Demjanjuk, aged 66, will 
be in custody until his show- 
trial starts, probably at the end 
of the year. „ _ 

If. found guilty. Mr Dem- 
janjuk. from Cleveland. Ohio, 
could face the death penalty. 
Capital punishment do es no t 
exist in Israel, even for terror- 
ism, but it has been retained 
for war criminals and was 
used to bang Adolf Eiehmann 
25 years ago. 

It is seven months since he 
was extra dieted from the US, 
having been stripped of his 
American nationality after 
admitting he falsified his im- 
migration papers in 1951. 

Eight survivors of the Nazi 
extermination camp at Treb- 
linka. in Poland, where 
900.000 Jews died between 
2942 and 1943. are prepared 
to identify him as “Ivan the 
Terrible" its executioner. 

The sort of accusation 
which will be made during the 
trial was given by the charge 
sheet; “The accused stabbed 
his victims in various parts of 
their bodies, tore pieces of 
flesh from their limbs and 
injured them with great force. 

“On more than one occa- 
sion, the accused selected 
elderly Jews, adorned with 
beards and si delocks, and led 
them naked to the nearby wire 
fence. The accused would 
place his victim's head be- 
tween the taught strands of the 
wire while beating the un- 
fortunate man's body with his 

“The victim, wriggling ab- 
out from the severity of ihe 
pain, would strangle himself 
on the strands of the barbed 
wire between which his head 
was trapped.” 

Mr Mark O'Connor, an 
American defence lawyer, will 
be seeking to prove not that 
the atrocities never happened, 
but that the prisoner was 
never at Trcblinka, let alone 
serving as executioner there. 

Mr Demjamuk claims that 
he is the victim of a Soviet 
plot to discredit him afier he 
deserted from the Red Army 
during the war. 

His case is that he was 
himself a prisoner of the 
Nazis, and went on to become 
a model American immigrant, 
a Ford car mechanic, loving 
father and grandfather and 
respected member of the con- 
gregation of St Vladimir 
Church in Cleveland. 

Mr O’Connor said that the 
question of identification 
would be “a trial within a 
trial". The court would have 
to look at evidence obtained 
from archives in Poland, East 
and West Germany and the 
Soviet Union. 

Costa Rica 
to Contra 

From Martha Honey 
San Jose 

A high-ranking Costa Rica 
Government official has ad- 
mitted for the first time that* 
large, clandestine airstrip ne* 
the border with Nicaragua is* 
US-financed Contra catag 
built during the previous Sin 
Jos£ administration with Ute 
help of the Civil Guard. 

This contradicts the official 
version, given after journalists 
discovered the airstrip lari 
week, that the 15-mile dirt 
ta piling strip was part of * 
private tourist project located 
on the Potrero Grande inlet on 
the Pacific coast, 15 miles 
south of Nicaragua. 

Sd*r H email Garron, the 

Costa Rica Security Minister, 
had told the press that the 
airstrip had been built earlier 
this year br the Panama-based 
Udall Research Corporation 
as part of a beach resort The 
companv - eventually aban- 
doned the project because of 
its proximity to the Nica- 
raguan civil war. 

The Civil Guard raided the 
abandoned airstrip on Septem- 
ber 3 because of persistent 
rumours that aircraft were, 
landing there. . “We tl 
there might be Contras in 
area or armed drug 
gters," he said. - 
Residents in the area say 
that since early this year Grit 
Guardsmen and at least two 
Americans have been seen 
going to the site. The airstrip 
and the barracks alongside, 
they believe, were c on structed 
by the Guardsmen under 
supervision from “engineers 
from the US Embassy." 

Senor Garron denied that 
Ciril Guardsmen were in- 
volved In the construction. The 
US Embassy has refused to 

However, a top Government 
official here said: "It is a 
Contra base and the US and 
the Civil Guard were involved 
in the construction of it." 

He said that President 
Arias was informed of its 

existence in early May, just 


after be took office and "im- 
mediately ordered its shafting 

This action, he added, was 
not made public because of 
Costa Rica's "very delicate* 1 
relations with the US. 

Two other Government of- 
ficials said President Arias 
ordered that Civil Guardsmen 
be stationed at the airstrip and 
bands be placed on tire 
runway to prevent its use. 

However, a visit to the 
remote airstrip revealed that 
there are - no obstructions on 
the runway. 

Government officials say 
that Guardsmen stationed 
there in May were later with- 
drawn and returned only early 
this month after residents 
complained that the airstrip 
was again being used. Several 
residents said they had seen 
large transport planes landing. 

French right wing will 
dominate new Senate 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

France's ruling right-wii 
coalition party has emerge 
victorious from the weekend 
Senate election and the parlia- 
mentary by-election in the 
Haute Garonne, and the left 
did less badly than had been 

The Communist Party, 
which had been in danger of 
losing its right to form an 
|.offirialIy-recognized group in 
the Senate, managed to retain 
the minimum 15 seats re- 
quired, after losing nine of its 
19 seats which had come up 
for re-election. 

But in the Haute Garonne, 
the Communists' reduced 
support slipped still further, to 
o ve the party just 6 per cent of 
the vote, compared with 8 per 
cent in the March general 

The Gaullist Rassembl- 
ement pour la Rdpublique 
(RPR) party was the big 
winner of the Senate elections, 
taking 18 more 'seats than 
before. With 77 seats, it is now 
almost certain to form the 
btegat group in the Senate for 
the first time in the party's 
history, though the final party 

alignments in the upper house 
will not be known until the 
opening of Parliament on 
October 2 Until now the 
Senate has always been domi- 
nated by the centre-right. 

The parties supporting the 
Rassemblement pour la Rep- 
ublique-Union pour la Demo- 
cratic Francais (RPR-UDF) 
coalition in government will 
now have 229 out of the 319 
Senate seats. 

M Alain Poher’s re-election 
as president of the upper! 
house, a post he has held since 
1968, seems a foregone 

The Socialist Party, which 
thought it might lose up to 
eight Or nine seats in the' 
Senate, was relieved to lose 
only five, leaving it with * 
respectable group of 62 sen- 
ators. The limitation of its , 
losses was due largely to the 
divisions within the UDF. 
which led to dissident can- : 
di dates splitting the centre- 
right vote. 

The results reflect the swing' 
to the right which has oc-. 
curred in local govern mem 
elections over the past four 
years rather than any shift in 
public opinion since the 
right's return to power in 

It was thought that the 
name Garonne by-election 
ra*ght provide a better test of- 
foe Chirac Government's 
popularity. But there were few 
surprises. The distribution of 
jJSL®#* 1 * seats in the 
fiwijMw wm the same as 
jn the March election — four 

LnHr!! e ? pr ;UDF coalition 

and four for the Socialists. 

M Dominique Baudis, the 
Mayor of Toulouse, who was 
leading the RPR-UDFlist. did 
well to improve the right's 
score by three points to almost 
46 per cent. 

fe other hand. M 

nff c **?!”• secretary 
S”™ Socialist Party, who was 
Socialist list ob- 
IJJJJf** 37 - 4 Per cent of the 
^ o-Pared with 37.9 per 
cent m March. 

who had no 

M Jospin, 

— SnS "“hwitiTilie Haute 

elected as Paris senator . wfaJh^Hr 

now oecome fas tysKtw-,1 k™. 

nowC r' wU 
now Become fas political base. 






-^-v- * 

r'- * 



-flap— • : 


■■ - T-rz r 

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1 % of this appalling waste of life and money, it will have their place. On the T.V, screen, not the road, 
been worth every penny. A million times over. Of the rest, the lions share goes to enable the 

ffyouthinkthisisunusualbehaviourforaninsurance Department of Transport to broaden the scope of its 
company, you’re right. It’s unique. Advertising programme. 

Were determined to play a significant part in driving Next year, we’ll be revealing even more far-reaching 

madness off the roads. plans. In the meantime, whenever you’re driving, 

jobinhand. to the best of us. Almost Starting with a major Road Safety programme please rememb er to mind your h ead. Don’t let it slip 

Its ridiculous, but it happens ' mstinc* over £2 million this vear alone-of which this into neutral. 

every time we drive. 

appens | 0ver £2 million this year alone-of which this | into neutral. I G&neYttM. 

lHina i new motoring policy. For road s afety. For liferjEBEZS 





* k- 

n, ■■ 




Three killed in Punjab 
bazaar as terrorists 
turn attention to left 

The unremitting terrorist 
campaign in the fertile north 
Indian state of Punjab contin- 
ued yesterday as two killers 
riding a scooter fired at ran- 
dom into an early-morning 
bazaar crowd in Jullundur. 

From Michael HamJyn, Delhi 

Three people died on the 
spot, and two others were 
taken to hospital seriously 

The towns of Punjab have a 
predominently Hindu popula- 
tion. and several incidents of 
random murder have led both 
to a deep sense of insecurity 
among them and to consid- 
erable emigration to neigh- 
bouring Haryana or Delhi. 

Yesterday police had to fire 
shots in the air to disperse an 
angry mob of Hindus throw- 
ing stones and bent on aveng- 
ing the deaths. 

council member of the Com- 
munist Party of India, who 
was shot as he rode a bicycle to 
his village. 

He was well known in the 
British communist move- 
ment. and was a former 
member of the Punjab legisla- 
ture who earned bis surname 
from a 30-year stay in Canada. 

His funeral was attended by 
the central Home Minister, 
Mr Buta Singh, and the State 
Governor. Mr S.S. Ray. 

The other leftist killed was 
Mr Baldev Singh Mann, a 
leading member of the Marx- 
ist-Leninisi Communist 
Party. He was returning home 
in a rickshaw. 

The past week has seen a 
daily stream of two or three 
murders, although some are 
undoubtedly as a result of 
normal violent crime. 

One new development in 
the terrorist campaign is plain, 
however the gunmen are now 
turning their attention to spe- 
cific left-wing targets. 

Over the weekend, two 

S ominent leftists were killed. 

ne was Mr Darshan Singh 
Canadian, aged 68, a national 

Throughout the wave of 
killings police in Punjab have 
recorded a growing number of 
arrests of hardline terrorists. 

Fourteen were captured in 
various parts of the state on 
Friday and another five the 
day before. Nine were taken a 
week ago, including one said 
to have killed the command- 
ing brigadier at Ramgarh in 
Bihar during the mutiny of 
Sikh soldiers which followed 
the storming of the Golden 
Temple of Amritsar in 1984. 

Police in the rest of the 
country have also been pick- 
ing up members of the gang 
said to have been responsible 

for the murder of General A.S 
Vaidya. the former Army 
Chief of Staff 

The state Home Ministry 
said that police administra- 
tion in Punjab, together with 
their mobility and commu- 
nications systems, had been 
improved. Sixty new Jeeps 
had been employed and new 
VHF radios had replaced ob- 
solete equipment. 

Mr Suijit Singh Barri ala, 
who recently celebrated the 
first anniversary of his taking 
office as Chief Minister, has 
felt able to describe his tenure 
as having put the state on the 
road to normality. 

He claimed that the security 
situation had improved “by 
and large” 

He explained that he had 
resisted the central Gov- 
ernment's attempt to create a 
security belt, out of the control 
of the state government, along 
the border with Pakistan, and 
'‘through hard struggle” bad 
been able to retain for Punjab 
two rice- and cotton-rich 
Hindi-speaking areas destined 
to be given to Haryana. 

He had been able to restore 
confidence to Sikhs outside 
Punjab, whose migration to 
the state was now being dis- 
couraged. and about 200 
Hindu families who had left 
had been persuaded to return, i 

Wind Star, the first mdse liner powered by sail, undergoing ber first sea trial off Le Havre, France. Constructed by French 
shipbuilders for Wiodstar Safi Cruises of the United States, the 440 ft vessel was launched in November and is die 
forerunner erf three or four similar liners. She is expected to make her maiden voyage to the Caribbean in a few weeks. 

Thousands stricken by 
floods in Bangladesh 

From Ahmed FazL Dhaka 

Eleven people died and more 
than 50.000 were left homeless 
in six days of floods which 
have ravaged seven districts of 
soath-western Bangladesh, 
rescue officials reached by 
telephone said yesterday. 

The State-nm radio re- 
ported five deaths in Jessore 
district, where more Hian 
37,000 homes had been de- 
stroyed, and local officials said 
that three people died in the 

Knshfia town, 
more in Satkhfra 


President Ershad super- 
vised resene operations and 
the distribution of emergency 
food supplies in affected areas. 
• DELHI: Mr Raviv Gandhi, 
the Prime Minister, of Tiuiga, 
yesterday toured badly-hit ar- 
eas in West Bengal state as the 
death toll from floods rose to 
26 (AFP reports). 

Sri Lanka challenges 

Amnesty’s report 

From Vijitha Yapa, Colombo 
The Sri Lankan Govern- accompanied by other state- 

ment yesterday rejected a 
recent Amnesty International 
report. Disappearenca in Sri 
Lanka* and challenged the 
human rights organization to 
allow the Government to 
defend itself. 

The reply by Professor Tflak 
Ratnakara, chairman of the 
Government Media Centre, 
also asserts that “a statement 
or sworn affidavit by itself 

ments and affidavits seeming 
to corroborate one another, is 
not a legally acceptable, truth- 
ful and valid document unless 
subjected to cross examina- 
tion by the party accused of 
such disappearances.” 

The Government claims 
that the reasons for the so- 
called disappearances include 
people assuming aliases when 
they join guerrilla groups. 

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likely soon 

From Keith Dalton 

company sending 

The Philippines Govern- 
ment expects to sign a 
ceasefire agreement with 
Communist rebels perhaps 
within 48 hours, the chief 
negotiator, Mr Ramon Mitra, 
said yesterday. 

Certain details of the 30-day 
renewal ceasefire, including 
the setting up of a national 
panel to monitor the truce, 
still have to be thrashed out at 
another secret meeting of toe 
negotiating panel, he said. 

The probable ceasefire pact 
will be based on a compromise 
agreement proposed on Sat- 
urday by two rebel nego- 
tiators, Mr Satur Ocampo and 
Mr Antonio ZumeL represent- 
ing the National Democratic 
Front (NDFX a left-wing alli- 
ance dominated Ijy toe out- 
lawed Communist Party. 

The Government will not 
charge the former ' armed 
forces chief. General Fabian 
Ver, over the assassination in 
1983 of President Aquino's 
husband. Benign o. to ensure 
that he does not try to return 
from exile in Hawaii, the chief 
prosecutor, Mr Raul 
Gonzales, said yesterday. 

in £78m 

From Eduardo Cue 
Buenos Aires 

Seven senior bank officials, 
including the president and 
vice-president of the thir- 
teenth largest private bank, 
are under arrest in connection 
with a scheme which has' 
defrauded the Argentine Gov- 
ernment of Si 10 million (£78 
million) in export credits. 

The scheme was carried out 
over two years allegedly by 
directors of the Banco Alas. 
Despite the release on Sat- 
urday of three senior Ar- 
gentine Central Bank export 
officiate held in connection 
with the case, speculation has 
continued in government and 
financial circles that it could 
not have been carried oat 
without the collaboration of 
eh government officials. 

The president of the Central 
Bank. Sedor Jose Lnfs 
Machine*, last week admitted 
to “deficiencies” in bis bank's 
internal control structure and 
said: “Corruption continues to 
exist in the financial system.” 

In all, 13 senior Banco Alas 
officers have been arrested 
since SeAor Machines an- 
nounced the fraud at a press 
conference on September 19, 
causing a brief run on deposits 
in spite of government assur- 
ances that the bank would not 
be allowed to collapse. 

The Central Bank has taken 
over the operations of Banco 
Alas for a 180-day period, and 
last week it operated normally 
despite the scandaL 

Suspicions at the Central 
Bank about Banco Alas activ- 
ities were confirmed with the 
discovery that only $300,000 
of the $110 million in letters of 
export credits it had filed 
could be verified. Investigation 
showed that 16 of the 20 
companies.on a list of export- 
ers to whom Banco Alas said it 
had extended credits did not 
exist, and the four others 
denied any business relation- 
ship with the bank. 

The bank, which had not 
previously specialized in ex- 
port financing, bad claimed 
$110 million of a total $700 
million in credits made avail- 
able by the Government tiiis 
year to spur industrial exports. 

Police alleged last week that 
they found the equivalent of 
$750,000 In cash In. a 
Mercedes-Benz belonging to 
tiie bank's vice-president, Se- 
nor Jorge Gaspar DachinL 
They said that a search of a 
bank director's home turned 
np a number of Swiss and 
American bank accounts in the 
names of bank officials. 

There are suspicions that ' 
senior Central Bank officials 
are involved. The missing 
$110 million represents 150 
per cent of Banco Alas's total 
loans and 425 per cent of its 

A Central Bank investiga- 
tion in June of Banco Alas's 
operations revealed only “mi- 
nor irregularities” 

Suicide protest against 
Japan railways sell-off 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

The notion that Japanese when the management re- 

society swiftly and painlessly 
adapts to change is quickly 
dispelled by the number of 
deaths attributed to oppo- 
sition to the planned privat- 
ization of Japanese National 
Railways (JNR). 

Already there have been 37 
suicides and one murder since 
toe Government proposed the 
break-up of the national rail- 
way system into regional par- 
cels to be sold off to toe 
private sector despite enor- 
mous deficits. 

Yesterday the latest victim, 
a young engineer, was found 
hanged in northern Japan and 
at toe weekend another young 
railway worker in his early 20s 
jumped off the roof of his five- 
storey dormitory in protest 
against the plan. 

Many of toe deaths are left 
unexplained, but Mr Hiroki 
Takano's suicide dive was 
provoked by suggestions that 
if he wanted to keep his job 
with JNR he had better leave 
toe union. 

”! stake my life to oppose 
toe proposed split by JNR and 
toe monopolistic capitalists.” 
he said in his suicide note. If 
toe message sounded ideologi- 
cal. it is some distance from 
toe whole story. 

Like most other workers in 
such an organization. Mr 
Takano joined with the notion 
that he would be working for 
the national railway system 
for the rest of his life. 

But, like thousands of other 
railway workers, he had to 
swallow his pride last April 

Greek envoys 
go on strike 
for more pay 

assigned him from his pre- 
vious job as a motorman. 

For many men like him it 
would not have been so bad if 
he had moved to something 
similar, but Mr Takano's new 
career was as a tea-shop waiter 
in one of toe myriad side 
businesses that toe railway has 
set up to try to absorb excess 

From bookshops to tea- 
houses. there is no knowing 
where a former motorman 
may end jf be stays within toe 
organization. Perhaps luckier 
are those moved to outside 
corporations which have been 
instructed by the Government 
to take on displaced JNR 

For strong trade unionists 
the problem is more fun- 
damental. The national union 
of Japanese railway workers, 
Kokuro, is the last strong 
nationally-based blue-collar 
union in Japan. Most unions 
are in-house and consequently 
unable to mobilize significant 
numbers of people on national 
and international issues. 

Many unionists Fed be- 
trayed by their leaders and so 
far Kokuro has not been able 
to bridge a vast gulf between 
those supporting the union 
leadership and those still hold- 
ing out against privatization. 

In the best traditions of 
Japanese society, the Kokuro 
leadership must obtain a 
consensus before announcing 
a new policy. But that is still a 
long way and probably several 
suicides away. 

Athens (Renter) - Greek 
diplomats abroad and admin- 
istrative staff at the Foreign 
Ministry m Athens began a 
48-bonr strike yesterday for 
more pay and unproved bene- 
fits, ministry sources said. 

Diplomats said that they 
had been affected by the 
austerity package of the Prime 
Minister,. Mr Andreas Pap- 
andreou, and had received no 
pay rise since 1981. 

About 415 diplomats and 
1.400 domestic employees 
"ere involved, sources said. 

Bhopal gas 
victims held 
after protest 

7 rwi QpaI - ( . Remer > - About 
-UUG victims of toe eas 

t^ le L in 1984 were 

£SEl b ,T£ y * 

jesierday after a ‘peaceful 
emonstranon demanding the 
tLP 1 *” < £ 8°) promised 
teiS lfT 1 fbmi| y and 

better medical treatment. 
lh J¥ m arch. organized bv 

toe opposmon Bharatiya Jan- 

toe climax of 



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The l and of dynasty tunes in to Dallas 

w ^ . The Queen leaves 
g next week for her 

WaM vL ^ first visit to China. 

What will she find? 

pSnvrmvSvmvn Brian James went 
UuIuilillliSMiillilil buck to the coun try 
he visited five years ago and discovered that 
westernization has brought dramatic 
changes. Photographs by Graham Wood 

Part 1: East goes West 

Thai Greater Wall of China — the 
barrier of distancing contempt for 
“barbaric” Westerners with which 
u the Chinese have surrounded 
themselves for 10.000 years — is 
down and the world, we are told, is 
about to swarm in. 

The Queen, who arrives on 
October 1 2. will be among the one 
million visitors permitted to gawp 
at the 244 Chinese cities now 
officially “open” in a land where 
most of her ancestors would have 
required covering fire from a 
gunboat to penetrate a mile in* 

The changes in ancient China 
qualify as the eighth wonder of our 
modern world, always provided 
such a list could indude logically 
something that was not there, say, 
j three years ago and will not appear 
tomorrow as it does today. The 
Queen will see most of traditional 
China. The other 999,999 visitors 
will make their obeisance at the 
tombs and also select from a menu 
of opportunity that includes the 
chance to play golf in the valley of 
the Ming tombs, marvel at the site 
where China's own Disneyland is 
sprouting up. or learn to shoot 
with the People's Army. 

Will China soon, then, be no 
more than another stop on the 
tourist high road, an open, tamed 
wildlife park, part of the cultural 
Esperanto that enables even the* 
» least adventurous to have a 

Volvo, Toyota and 
Mercedes cars 
cruise the highways 

Kellogg's breakfast in sight of the 
Khyber Pass and dine at Mc- 
Donalds in the heart of Amazo- 

China will be a burden on our 
imagination for ever because our 
ignorance remains total. One per- 
son in five on the planet is 
Chinese, yet we have seldom 
penetrated their land, and never 
their heads. To a being from outer 
space, their isolation would be 
incomprehensible: rather like 
coming to this planet, covered as it 
is seven-tenths by water, to hear 
that few of us could swim and we 
have never learned to build a boat. 
If we feel that China is a puzzle 
that soon will be unravelled, we 
delude ourselves. I say this against 
the evidence of my own eyes, for 
the scale and pace of change since 
a previous visit five years ago is no 
less than astounding. 

The ambushes of surprise begin 
at the airport, which I had 
remembered as functional and 
desolate; the architectural style 

was Russian Municipal, a mock- 
marblc blockhouse: a handful of 
functionaries stared as you toted 
your own bags. 

Now there are slick lines 
processing the passports: lines for 
Them. Us and swift special pas- 
sage for diplomats and cadres. 
You emerge then into a maul of 
men wanting to whistle you up a 
cab. steer you to a hotel of their 
choice, not yours, or advise you 
soito vocc where you can change 
money to advantage — again 
theirs, not yours. 

The centre of Peking used to 
come with a comforting familiar- 
ity to first-time visitors: like 
Piccadilly's Eros, the awaiting 
postcard view. The pagodas, the 
walls of the Forbidden City, are 
still where they were supposed to 
be. but now the incoming eye has 
to take in the tower-block offices, 
the high-rise hotels. Bits of Peking 
skyline now are more Dallas than 

Five years ago the 1 0-kilometre 
Avenue of Eternal Peace, which is 
a straight-line axis forthe city, was 
the place to stare at 10.000 
bicycles, scarcely impeded by the 
handful of 19Sus-style cabs that 
stopped for no one, least of all 
would-be fares. No more. Now 
Peking has the most modem taxi 
fleet surely on earth: this year's 
Volvos. Toy mas and Mercedes 
cruise nose to tail along the six 
centre lanes. 

Five years ago my hotel had no 
lock on the door. A mournful man 
would enter without a knock or 
word and slam (town a fresh 
thermos of hot green tea or cold 
water and towels. Never soap. 
Today 13 items of scent, shampoo 
and afler-shave duster around the 

Then, entertainment for West- 
ern high-livers was a beer-only bar 
on the ninth floor. Now there are 
about nine restaurants in the hotel 
where 1 lodged. Like the other 
eighty — perhaps I should repeat, 
eighty hotels — under plan or 
construction, they will serve you 
food, flown in from all comers of 
the world. 

Trips to the many markets are 
not the fun they were. Five years 
ago you walked in swarming 
crowds, with little sense of per- 
sonal space for themselves, who 
nevertheless permitted you an 
oasis of freedom. It was kindly 
meant and also gave them an 
opportunity to stand back aid 
stare. Today strolling, meandering 
Westerners are as popular as 
Swedish backpackers on the rusb- 

The Chinese of the capital are a 
species that has changed its spots. 
Five years back the notion that 
they all wore blue Mao suits, 
except those few rugged individ- 

Contrast in culture: a peasant farmer returns home from the fields near Peking with his ghetto Master, linking China's rural past with the new western-influenced consumer society 

ualists who wore grey, was a cliche 
not refuted by fact Now enough 
polyester glides past by cyde every 
day to girdle the earth, and some 
of the stripes and patterns are 
glittering and gaudy enough to 
encourage the belief that the shirts 
come marked “Batteries Extra”. 

To proceed further with this 
catalogue of China's superficial 
changes would be to risk the 
gravest of crimes— to make China 
boring — especially as there are 
more interesting side-alleys to 
peer into, such as examples of how 
China has imported, too. some of 
the urban problems of the West 

Certainly China is alive with 
enterprise, which translates into 
youths busy recyding bicycle 
spokes to sell from home-made 
stalls, to alley-entrance food stores 
and front-room restaurants open- 
ing. often literally, before your 
eyes. In one street I saw a dozen 

young'men hunkered at the kerb. 
By their feet one had three paint 
brushes, another two screw- 
drivers. a third a saw and a sample 
of a mortise joint. These were 
workless. literally off their bikes to 
sit mutely offering their skills. 

Nevertheless, with an estimated 
200 million Chinese teenagers to 
be fitted into the economy, there 
must be a limit to the numbers 
that can be absorbed by even the 
galloping free-market micro- 
capitalism of Deng Xioping's 
dramatic reform, following his 
declared Open Door to Western 
ideas of enterprise. Already home- 
less teenagers pay a few fen (a 
fraction ofa yuan) to sleep on the 
toilet floors of the Central Station. 

Last month the first business in 
China to go bankrupt since 1949 
was announced officially. So was 
an estimate that 40 per cent of the 
Stale's enterprises were running at 

is mmmf 


Peking skyline: new hotels and office tower Mocks are shooting up 

a loss. So was the clear message 
that all managers should be aware 
that they run their enterprises for 
profit — or begin thinking of fresh 

For five years most workers 
have been able to claim produc- 
tion bonuses: soon they will also 
be able to collect their cards if they 
fell below target. In selected cases, 
unemployment benefit may be- 
come due. Bui the hard truth that 
the Chinese are starting to learn is 
that the free-market axe swinging 
so joyfully at bureaucracy and 
managerial incompetence can also 
leave blood on the factory floor — 

Other consequences inevitably 
flow. The recent execution of two 
youngsters for mugging a visitor 
received headlines in the West 
Chinese have had their own 
indications that street crime is no 
longer the thing of the past that it 
became with Liberation: posters 
giving the names of miscreants 
appear like a rash on street 

There is sleaze on the streets. 
The firee-markm. which began 
with peasants selling their over- 
production. now indude factory 
off-cuts of western export orders 
and even some shoddy rip-offs, 
with labels like “Bukinghame 
(sic) Palace” — designer names 
palpably phoney to sell a style that 
is predominantly Communist 
Posh. circa Prague, I960. 

There is sleaze under coven the 
“Yellow Trade”. Peking for pom. 
A city-slicked young man was 
pointed out to me as being clever 
enough not only to import crude 
videos, but to hire a flat simply for 
his shows. This in a city still 
basically so puritanical that a 

popular weekly ballroom dance in 
a big grocery store was ended 
because the couples were getting 
loo cuddly: the Last Tango in 

The privileges awarded among 
themselves by the Pgrty hacks and 
ihe cadres, loo. arc changing: a 
decade ago they were confined to 
opportunities for softer work 

The free-market axe 
can leave blood 
on the factory floor 

tasks, safely from criticism. Now 
it is first pick of Western riches at 
special shops only they dare enter. 

Even so, in the face of the 
manifest, quantum leap of Chi- 
nese standards of living within the 
decade, the change, by several 
orders of magnitude, in apparent 
attitude towards personal wealth 
and possession, the concomitant 
blemishes of a society running so 
hard to catch up that it inevitably 
scars its knees with a tumble, why 
not simply accept the feet that 
China is going West? 

For the very good reason that 1 
did not meet a single Westerner 
who lives in the land who believes 
it for a minute, nor a single 
educated Chinese who didn't warn 
me of the peril of projecting our 
wish onto their reality. The nation 
that in the 1 790s sent King George 
Ill's emissary packing with a 
polite. “You have nothing that we 
need” (even though that mes- 
senger arrived at the head of a 
column of 6.000 coolies bearing 
gifts) is not to be overcome now by 

subjects of this Queen promising 

6,000 container ships of electronic 
marvels on the easiest of easy 

Said one western diplomat: 
“China changing? That's a myth. 
They are simply doing what they 
have always done: they lift the 
curtain aside to allow us in to 
show them what we can offer. 
They will take what they want and 
bow us to the door. Tourists come 
here, spot a thousand kids in 
jeans, listen to the radio playing 
Gcldof and go home spreading the 
word: 'Wow. they're just like us. 
deep down.' They are nothing of 
the sort. 

"Being Chinese is not a matter 
of nationality. It is an attitude of 
mind, a spiritual concept that is 
linked into the oldest of their 
ancestors and the newest building 
block on their land. And it is 
totally and permanently 

Another “I have been here 10 
years, speak the language fluently. 
Yet I would not claim to know a 
single Chinese. I do not say that in 
any spirit of complaint. I admire 
them hugely, for what they have 
endured, what they have achieved. 

** Bui to go home to Britain 
saying 1 understand China would 
be as vain as for an intelligent ant 
to crawl across the dome of St 
Paul's and then scuttle back to his 
hill claiming to have thus arrived 
at a full and total understanding of 
Christianity. They permit us to 
busy about the surface of their* 
world. No more.” 


The China the Queen 
will not see 

Vessels of 
seven fleets 
pay tribute 

From Stephen Taylor 

A Royal Navy task group 
which is rimunnavigaticR the 
world sailed into Sydney Har- 
bour with vessels of six other 
navies yesterday, while aoti- 
nadear groups demonstrated 
from Abwk of small craft 
bobbing in their wake. 

Forty vessels, the largest 

concentration of warships ever 
gathered here, have come to 
celebrate tfae 75th anniversary 
of the Royal Australian Navy. 

Peace groups bad promised 
a big protest, bnt the turn-oat 
estimated at 500, caused no 
disruption as Sy&*y tmei 

its attention to playing host to 
134)00 sailors for two weeks. 

As well as the seven-ship 
British contingent, the RAN 
celebrations are being at- 
tended by the navies of the 
Lai led States, New Zealand, 
Canada, France and Papna 
New Guinea. On Saturday the 

ships will be reviewed by the 

Duke of Edinburgh. 

Yesterday, helicopters hov- 
ered overhead, and police pa- 
trol boats and port anthonty 
bunches sped in every direc- 
tion to keep demonstrators 
from approaching the ships. 

Rear-Admiral Min Hogg, 
commander of the Royal Navy 
task group, said that protests 

bere and m Brisbane last week 

were the first encountered on 
the voyage, which has covered 

33.000 BsOes and 15 countries. 

He confirmed that there 
be no farther bilateral 
exercises with the Royal New 
Zealand Navy while the Lange 
Government adhered to its 
anti-meteor policy. 

This is the first time that a 
Royal Navy visiting group In 
region is not calhae at New 

Zealand ports, and the first 
born RN ships have refused to 
«wrise with the RNZN. 

Birth of an opposition party 
startles Taiwan’s rulers 

Taipei (Reuter) — Taiwan's 
opposition has challenged the 
might of the ruling Knomin- 
tang (Nationalist) Party by 
defying martial law and set- 
ting up a party to fight in 
elections later this year. 

The formation of the 
Democratic Progress Party by 
opposition politicians on Sun- 
day has startled the Kuomin- 
lang, which has ruled Taiwan 
since 1 949 when the National- 
ists retreated here after being 
toppled from power fay the 
Communists in China. 

The challenge comes as the 
Kuomintang is discussing 
whether to extend democracy 
by relaxing martial law. under 
which new political parlies are 

Political observers say that 
the new party will strengthen 
the hand of hardliners in the 
military and security forces 
who oppose liberalization and 
are concerned that the oppo- 
sition is trying to create pi 
independent state. The 
Kuomintang claims that it is 
the true government of main- 
land Ch ina. 

"Lives lost in 
monastery fire 
near Moscow 


iSSGmiw Moscow, a 
SSESfl Russian Orthodoxy. 

Tass said yesterday. 

The news agency reported 

! building oTth^ni^^ 

The new party was estab- 
lished by 135 members of the 
opposition, which is loosely 
grouped under the name 
Tangwai — meaning “outside 
the (Nationalist) party” Its 
leaders are members of par- 
liament and dty and county 

it has nominated 42 can- 
didates to stand in elections to 
parliament in December and 
has said that it hopes to recruit 

200.000 members before then. 

secure his place in history. 

Kuomintang sources say 
that party and internal se- 
curity officials held an emer- 
gency meeting on Sunday and 
another yesterday to decide 
how to respond to the move. 
But there has been no official 

Earlier this year, the Kuo- 
mintang began a political 
dialogue with the opposition 
by inviting its leaders to a 
series of informal dinners. 

It established high-level 
committees to examine ways 
to relax martial law and to 
extend democracy by opening 
more seats in the national 
Government to election. 

The opposition began fl- 
exing its muscles by setting up 
permanent offices which re- 
cruited members and acted as 
a political party in all bat' 

Analysts said reform is be- 
ing sponsored by President 
Chiang Ching-kuo, who is 
now aged 76 and anxious to 

secure his place in history. 

Opposition sources say that 
the party has been planned for 
several years. 

Police in refugee racket 

From Neil Kelly, Bangkok 

Police and officials in south- 
east Thailand are smuggling 
refugees from Vietnam and 
Cambodia into the country for 
£130 to £250 head. 

Observers say that the 
racket has been going on for 
years, with Thai fishing boats 
picking up refugees from the 
coast of Cambodia or from 
other vessels at sea. . 

They are then smuggled into 
coastal areas of Thailand, 
where some obtain forged 
identity papers showing that 
they an? Thai citizens. 

Others smuggle their way 
into refugee camps near the 

Cambodian border where they 
try to secure ascceptance for 
resettlement in ‘ Western 

A few become marauding 
bandits along the border, 
where they live off what they 
can steal from Thai villagers. 

Thailand has closed its bor- 
der with Cambodia to all 
refugees trying to enter. Those 
who arrive there are confined 
to displaced persons' camps 
on the border. 

There they are not classified 
as refugees and are not eligible 
for resettlement in other 

to Alcazar 
plan grows 

From Richard Wigg 

Opposition is mountii^ to 
the plan by Spain's socialist 
Defence Minister to turn one 
of the most famous symbols of 
the Civil War, the Alcazar 
Fortress in Toledo, into a 
cultural centre. 

Extreme right-wingers, 
including many in blue shirts, 
on Sunday shouted slogans 
like “the Alcdzar is ours, it will 
never surrender” and “the 
Alcdz a r only for the Army”. 

The demonstrators, who in- 
cluded such well-known fig- 
ures as Sen6r Bias Pinar, who 
plans soon to launch himself 
into active politics again with 
a French-style ultra-national- 
ist movement, had ignored 
pleas for reconciliation over 
the Fortress from Monsignor 
Marcelo Gonzalez. Cardinal 
Primate of Toledo. 

Senor N arris Serra, the 
Defence Minister, revealed on 
a recent visit to the city that he 
bad agreed to all or pari of the 
Fortress being made available 
to the Socialist-run autono- 
mous regional government of 
Castile-la-Mancha. . 

The Fortress houses a mu- 
seum dedicated to the 1936 
siege, seen solely from the 
perspective of the Franco side 
and local army headquarters. 

The regional government 
envisages the vast Fortress, 
which is at present under-used 
by the Army, bousing a li- 
brary, which would include a 
collection of books by Span- 
iards forced into exile by 
Franco's victory, an ex- 
hibition and concert areas. 

But the Spanish Army gen- 
eral staff, in a statement issued 
before Sunday's demonstra- 
tions. had already stated 
firmly that the Defence Min- 
istry will not give up the 

Leaders held after death bid go free 

Pinochet moderates state of siege 

Three weeks after a stage of 
siege was declared in Chile, 
some of those arrested hare 
been released, and the Italian 
news agency Ansa has been 
allowed to resume work. 

The state of siege was 
declared after some 15 armed 
men ambushed the convoy of 
President Pinochet, killing 
five bodyguards and gravely 
injuring several others. 

The next day four men 
associated with left-wing opp- 
osition groups woe dragged 
from their homes during cur- 
few honrs. Their bullet-riddled 

bodies were discovered in the 
days that followed. 

A group calling itself the 
“September 11 Commando” 
claimed responsibility for the 
latter killings in revenge for 
the attack on General Pino- 
chet and bos threatened to kill 
more opposition leaders. 

A series of attempted 
kidnappings, midnight raids 
on homes ami death threats 
has been reported by Chilean 
journalists, lawyers and other 
opposition figures, most of 
whom still dare not sleep at 
home for fear of attack. 

Chile's detective force has 
repeatedly denied involvement 
in the killings. It has repainted 
its cars and announced identi- 
fication procedures to ensure 
that its members may be 
distinguished from the anony- 
mous commando. _ 

In an interview hi £7 

From Lake Sagans, Santiago 

Mercnrio , Seflor Francisco 
Cnadra, one of President 
Pinochet's most loyal min- 
isters, said that the Govern- 
ment believed tfae four men 
bad been shot by tbeir own 
comrades as part of internal 

Bat the (act that the death 
sqnad operated daring curfew 
hours, with the state of siege in 
force and Santiago under strict 
military and police control, 
makes this difficult to accept 

Althoagh some government 
supporters say that the state of 
siege is insufficient and that an 
Argentim-style dirty war ag- 
ainst “extremists” should k 
carried out, other sectors of 
the Government seem to be 
bolding them back. 

Senor Andres Domingnez of 
the Human Rights Commis- 
sion said that die number of 
arrests, death threats and 
incidents of torture had in- 
creased under the state of 
siege. Bnt the level of re- 
pression (apart from the ban- 
ning of most opposition media) 
was not so different from more 
“normal** times. 

On Friday the Government 
released Seflor Andrea Palma, 
a student leader, and Seflor 
Ricardo Lajgos, leader of the 
moderate wing of the Socialist 
Party which (tarns part of the 
centre-conservative Democra- 
tic Alliance. 

Twelve people remain in 
police custody and another 13 

are in the hands of the CNL 
the political police. 

One objective of the re- 
pression seems to have been 
the isolation and paralysis of 
the influential Communist 

In a clandestine interview, 
Seflor Manuel Almeyda. who 
beads the Socialist Party — tfae 
Conunnnist Party's most im- 
portant ally — said that mem- 
bers of the Democratic 
Alliance had invited his party 
to join a new political group 
which would exclude tbe Com- 

Bnt be said that the tra- 
ditional co-operation between 
the two parties was stronger 
than ever and that there was a 
good chance that one of 
Chile's smaller left-wing par- 
ties might reach an agreement 
with the Socialist-Communist 

Seflor Gabriel Valdes, presi- 
dent of the Christian Demo- 
cratic Party, Chile's largest, 
suggested that the real pur- 
pose of the state of siege was to 
intimidate the opposition. 

He reiterated to journalists 
his party’s willingness to nego- 
tiate with the armed forces and 
its rejection of the 1980 
constitution drawn np by the 
military Government. 

He emphasized that in the 
(ace of the growing violence, 
the only alternatives in Chile 
were “the rifle or tbe vote ... 
democracy or dictators hip". 

More firepower for Afghan rebels 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Afghan guerrillas have im- 
proved- their anti-aircraft ar- 
senal with a new rapid-fire gun 
and sophisticated missiles, 
according to reports from ihe 

One report in this week’s 
Time magazine said that the 

rebels have as many as 40 
Swiss-made Oerlikon 20 mm 
guns, giving them their first 
effective weapon against the 
Soviet Mi 24 helicopter gun- 
ships which have inflicted 
heavy losses on the rebels. 

Other eyewitness accounts 
said that two Soviet heli- 

copters had been shot down 
on Thursday by sophisticated 
hand-held missiles, possibly 
US-made Stingers. 

The Afghan Islamic Agency, 
which is dose to the rebel 
movement, said that the heli- 
copters had been attacked by 
unidentified missiles 

? " J *l/"\ 


the times Tuesday siiFf ember ju ibw> 


A house of cards, built on sand 

The house price 

explosion has been 

1 adisasterfor 

■ many couples but 

who will cork the 

bottle? Even if anyone can, the chances of 

a realistic market do not look very good 

Part 2: The castle under siege 

I f an Englishman's home is 
his castle, it is under assault 
from all sides. And if he 
lowered the drawbridge to 
let us look over his property, 
wc might be shocked to find that 
he is struggling to stave off 
eviction by doing without a car, 
holidays and nights out and he has 
not married his partner in order to 
save tax so that he can pay the 

But married couples can also get 
caught in a vicious circle: the 
worry caused by heavy mortgages 
often strains a marriage to break- 
ing point. And. upon break up. 
one partner cither will not or 
cannot contribute to the mortgage 
payments. Result repossession. 

Exaggeration? Isolated in- 
stances? Not according to the 
research. One in every 20 peopfe 
with a mortgage — 300.000 in all — 
is seriously in arrears, says a study 
by Dr John Doling of Birmingham 
University's Centre for Urban 
Regional Studies. 

Official figures show the num- 
ber of homes being repossessed 
running at record levels: 10.870 in 
1 9S4 to 1 6.770 last year, a jump of 
54 per cent. And renewed money 
market pressure last night for 
higher interest rates, including the 
cost of mortgages, would exacer- 
bate the situation. 

The Times has spoken to young 
engaged couples who have found 
mortgage brokers sounding more 
like marriage brokers: get married 
or get a house, but you can't do 
both. The reason: lax relief on 
their incomes assessed separately 
provided they are single. 

The situation looks like getting 
worse unless there is action soon. 
Warnings from every quarter — 
the Bank of England to agitprop 
housing groups — talk of the need 
for everything from controls on 
easy credil to a national “hotline'' 
to help desperate owners running 
up debts. 

But the Government is not at 
present contemplating anything 
more than "voluntary action" 

A Times investigation 
by Jack Crossley, 
Christopher Warman 
and Michael Dynes 

while attempts to provide help for 
home owners in trouble have been 
stymied by a lack of funds. 

Housing groups around the 
country claim that the race to get 
onto the properly ladder is creat- 
ing the very problem h is sup- 
posed to solve — homelessness. 
Jerome Monahan, of the London 
Housing Aid Centre (SHAC) says: 
"People are becoming homeless 
through repossessions which have 
been brought about by the ir- 
responsible lending policies of 
building societies. People are be- 
ing encouraged to buy something 
they simply can't afford." 

The bigger building societies, 
however, blame the smaller ones, 
which they say are offering 
"ridiculous" sums in order to 
compete in the market 

So the housing boom, which in 
theory should be good for most 
people involved in it turns out to 
be a nightmare for those not 
already sitting in an appreciating 
asset on which they have a 
relatively comfortable mortgage 
and a secure income. 

But what is the likelihood of a 
downturn in the market and 
would it make much difference? 


T he big guns of lending do 
not see foresee a col- 
lapse. The Halifax. 
Britain's laigest building 
society, says: “We do not 
expect the rate of increase to 
continue, but on the other hand 
we do not predict a collapse in 
house prices. If the Halifax had 
any such concern, we would feel it 
our duty to warn existing and new 


But it admits that a sudden fall 
in prices could be triggered if the 
market was suddenly 'flooded' 
with housing or if there was a fall 
in demand for housing — both 
highly unlikely. 

A rapid fall in real (after 
inflation) incomes could also 
spark a collapse, or "an overnight 
removal of mortgage interest tax 
relief or a dramatic increase in 
mongage interest rates" — again 
unlikely. "Even the rapid and 
substantial changes we saw in 
some of these areas in the 1970s 
and early 1980s failed to bring 
about any widespread decline in 
house prices,” the Halifax 

Where no on means troubled water: the househunter's guide to Lee Crescent North in Aberdeen, the buyers market to beat them all — and more likely to get worse than better 
Patrick Foley, economist with - /"* *| 1 • P A F* 

which could lead to a collapse, hit Des. res. tor sale, choice ot 45 

he believes that some fall in real 7 

luallv orohahlv not V 'for 'another A property boom should mean a bad to sell for less than they paid in to create the market This is An oil company executive who 
two vean or *n sellers' market, but try telling that out of desperation. I hope it causing real hardship with people has recently moved from Aberdeen 

This assessment is based partly * P? 7 ^ mWt ‘ ba^.to Lwriouchimed that fl* 

on lone-term trend* and oartlv on have been trying to sell a home m There are more than 5,000 gages or bridging loans. "cnsis had been exaggerated. 

the likely chaS^ln the refotion- ****** for 

shin between Mniinn and infla- 18 months. They are not alone. Scotland, half of them in Aber- the previous buoyant period his m Aberdeen have become my 

tion He uredicts that while the No fewer titan 45 houses are up deen. Normally die number of office would be handling perhaps over-priced. If people did not ask 
increase in real incomes will slow for “ toe crescent, or just over properties for sale in the region seven ca- right repossessions in a silly prices and were prepared to 

down inflation could rise slowly ° ne in ten ' “ d main reason is would be between 1,200 and 2,000. year. The figure is now approach- lake what a similar house costs m 

rotund 5, peTSS^withS f* 5gj ° iSKSPSf — 

- Hardship worse as st,D ab0,rt Over-pricing 

lo spend on buying a house. At Ihe S"?* 1 Srattaod more redundancies k ” -**£*{ l l * r?_ h< r*; a factor in 

are announced latest crisis , 

llES^io fall over the next three years, pros- whkh they boy a house back at the * 

Social security is another factor P®* 15 bteak for ** Gereoks Aberdeen solicitors, who handle fall muiluA value, as long as the Glasgow or Edinburgh, they would 
which helps lo otod up the and their neighbours. 95 per cent ofthe property market occupant then buys a more expea- have a much better chance of 

housing market Although the “ We «!*<*«* to be out last estimate that the average selling sure boose from the same selling. 

number of householders in arrears summorbut now we are keeping price ofa house has dropped by 1 A Bnt he admitted that companies 

on their loan repayments is our fingers crossed for next sum- per cent in the last year. This has helped people with conld be helping to keep prices 

increasing, they would be a lot ^ our eldest son starts The foil, however, is not spread growing families who were looking artificially high by offering 

higher but for the social security school," said Mrs evenly; the bottom end of the for a bigger house anyway, though employees guarantees op to a 

cushioning riven to many people Gersok. Mr Gersok, an engineer, market is hardest hit, particularly it may only have encouraged them certain limit and then insisting 

With the nuhliraiinn nfmainr moved the family to Aberdeen four with first time buyers who took on to invest even more in property that the fall market value is asked, 

reports on housing in the last year years ago to get work in the then- 100 per cent package deals which that is unlikely to bold its real 

The bonM “SnsSStS; ^J t n £l^. tb * tsm * na C tomorrow D 

bishop of Canterbury there is “We are asking £45.000 which ager of the Abbey National, said: The state of the property market _ .... . 

acknowledgement tiS'cSnge is “ ^ «“ «° * break "The Problem is that tiiere are so * V®" Political 

needed. And with a genera] elec even but so for nobody is many redundancies m the oil cheap bridging loans to employees # 

tion on the horizon, the ringing of interest^" said Mrs Gersok. industry and people are having to who areasked to move their jobs to ODtlOTlS 

political alarm bells could spark a “Some of our neighbours have leave the dty but nobody is coming other offices outside the dty. UjJUUilO 

reaction in the market But who- # 9 

ever wins the election, and what- / i ^ 

rsrrw&'M Cjettmg to grips m m 

naar *xi. r. \ 

A property boom should mean a 
sellers* market, bnt try telling that 
to Rial and Dorothy Gersok. They 
have been trying to sell a home in 
Lee Crescent North, Aberdeen, for 
18 months. They are not alone. 

No fewer than 45 houses are up 
for sale in the crescent, or just over 
one in ten, and the «nam reason is 
the world oil-price slump which 
has hit Britain's premier off town 
at a cost of 7,000 jobs. And with 
the Royal Bank of Scotland 
forecasting anything between 
5,000 and 1 1,000 more jobs at risk 
over the next three years, pros- 
pects are bleak for the Gersoks 
and their neighbours. 

“We expected to be out last 
summer but now we are keeping 
our fingers crossed for next sum- 
mo- before our eldest son starts 
secondary school," said Mrs 
Gersok. Mr Gersok, an engineer, 
moved the family to Aberdeen four 
years ago to get work in the then- 
buoyant oil industry. The house 
cost £42^00. 

“We are asking £454)00 which 
is the lowest we can go to break 
even bnt so for nobody is 
interested," said Mrs Gersok. 

“Some of our neighbours have 

bad to sell for less chan they paid 
out of desperation. I hope it 
doesn't come to that for us." 

There are more than 5,000 
unsold bouses in north-east of 
Scotland half of them in Aber- 
deen. Normally die number of 
properties for sale in the region 
would be between 1,200 and 2,000. 

Hardship worse as 
more redundancies 
are announced 

Aberdeen solicitors, who 
95 per cent of the property market 
estimate that the average selling 
price of a house has dropped by 1A 
per cent in the last year. 

The foil, however, is not spread 
evenly; the bottom end of the 
market is hardest hit particularly 
with first time buyers who took on 
100 pa- cent package deals which 
in eluded carpets and other fittings. 

Ken Ferguson, Aberdeen man- 
ager of the Abbey National, said: 
"The problem is that there are so 
many redundancies in the ofi 
industry and people are having to 
leave the dty bnt nobody is coming 

in to create the market This is 
causing real hardship with people 
being unable to pay their mort- 
gages or bridging loans." 

Mr Ferguson said that daring 
die previous buoyant period his 
office would be handling perhaps 
seven or eight repossessions in a 
year. The figure is now approach- 
ing 50 a year, although he empha- 
sized this was stiff about the 
national average. 

In an attempt to move houses, 
companies like Barrett have been 
offering exchange deals under 
which they buy a house back at the 
foil market value, as long as the 
occupant then buys a more expen- 
sive bouse from the same 

This has helped people with 

for a bigger house anyway, tiungfa 
It may only have encouraged them 
to invest even more in property 
that is unlikely to bold its real 
value. It also means that smaller 
bouses remain empty. 

The state of the property market 
b forcing big companies to offer 
cheap bridging loans to employees 
who are asked to move their jobs to 
other offices outside the dty. 

Getting to grips 
with gazumpers 

An off company executive wko 
has recently moved from Aberdeen 
back to London claimed tint foe 
"crisis" had been exaggerated. 
“Part of the trouble is that homes 

in Aberdeen have become very 
over-priced. If people did not ask 
silly prices and were prepared to 
take what a similar house costs ia 

a factor in 
latest crisis 4 

Glasgow or Edinburgh, they would 
have a much better chance of 

Bnt he admitted that companies 
could be helping to keep prices 
artificially high by offering 
employees guarantees op to a 
certain limit and then insisting 
that the fall market value b asked. 




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Found and lost: Lesley Aldridge and the home she set her heart on 

A fter a wearying search. 
24-year-old midwife Les- 
ley- Aldridge was de- 
lighted when she found 
the home she wanted at a price she 
could afford. Lesley signed the 
contract, moved out of a nurses' 
home and went on holiday, 
expecting to move into her iwo- 
up. two-down when she returned. 

Instead, she found herself 
homeless — she had been 
gazumped And she claims that 
the Abbey National. Britain's 
second largest building society, 
did the gazumping. 

The two-bedroom house in St 
Mary Cray. Kent, had carried a 
price tag of £37.500. But when the 
Abbey National, which had re- 
possessed it from a mortgage 
defaulter, had it revalued, the 
price soared to £44.800. which is 
beyond Lesley's means. 

Abbey National, which denies 
gazumping because ii will be the 
mortgage defaulter and not the 
society which gets the extra cash, 
blames the 1962 Building Societies 
Act for the mess. The law says that 
building societies act as inistees 
for the person whose home they 
repossess and have a legal 
responsibility to $et the best price. 

The Abbey National admits that 
the situation is unfair on the nurse 
and- that revaluations midway 
through a sale are “not normaL" 
Bui they add that property prices 
had risen substantially in the area. 
“This case involves an overriding 
legal duly on the pan of the society 
and. possibly, different moral 
pressures which may appear to 
conflict," says their legal depart- 
ment. The sodetv has since 
dropped the price to Miss 
Aldridge to £42.000. 

Whatever the merits of Lesley's 
case, it is unusual: gazumping as 
such certainly is not - especially 
during a boom. Gazumping is as 
dubious a practice as the word is of 
dubious origin, but it means that 
the seller raises the price after an 

agreement to sell it at a certain 
price. It occurs before contracts 
are exchanged, so it is not illegal. 

It has not been as widespread as 
in the booms of the 1970s. but 
plenty of it has come to light, 
particularly in the fashionable 
parts of London. Recently, an 
offer of £1 25,000 was accepted for 
an unmodemised three bedroom 
house in Fulham. Then a second 
buyer appeared and the house was 
eventually sold for £142.000. but 
in this case gazumping had its 
honourable side — the vendor paid 
the victim's expenses. 

In general, estate agents oppose 
a law to control gazumping nor do 
they think the answer lies with the 
Scottish system of house-buying, 
where acceptance of an offer is 
binding on both parties. The snag 
is that ail the preparation for 
buying. including surveys and 
finance, has to be done in advance 
of the offer, in which case there 
can be several people who have 
paid fees, and only one winner. 

P eter Short of the Roval 
Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors says gazumping 
could be countered by 
measures to speed up the buying 
process. And Mark Bolcat sec- 
retary-general of the Building 
Societies Association, agrees. 
"You should not try to treat the 
symptoms, but the cause, which is 
the length of lime it takes to buy. If 
local authority searches and legal 
work arc speeded up, there is no 
reason why a contract should not 
be signed in two or three weeks." 

The Law Commission is 
expected to report to the Govern- 
ment by the end of the vear on 
ways to combat gazumping. Mr 
John Patten. Minister for Hous- 
tng. told The Times that the 
Government wants to stop it, 
preferably by self-regulation. “But 
legislation is not ruled oul " he 

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Tried 20 Omen Engaged ISShetro 16 Writhe H 


FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

Designer diffusion 

__Thc international collections open in 
^ . Milan next weekend, showing off all 
.... - is D ^w in fashion. Top designers 
y are no longer aiming their clothes only 
- at the hyper-fashionable few, but 
^ _ offering versions of their outfits at 
r relatively knock-down prices to bring 
£ them within reach of more of us 


o designer clothes 
need to cost an 
arm,' a leg and a 
lung? The reputa- 
tion of inter- 
has never been 
and neither have 


national rcady-io-wear 
designers has never been 
Jiigher — and neither have 
.wiheir prices. 

The idea that off-the-peg 
clothes bring fashion to all is 
; mocked by price-tags that are 
approaching those of haute 
. couture. In fact, in the United 
•-States the up-market conce- 
ptions are called “couture” — 
which is not technically cor- 
*. reel, but expresses the spirit of 
■ . these elitist clothes. 

But fashion should be for 
all. And it is one of the lesser- 
* known facts that many in- 
fluential designers do bring 
out diffusion ranges that are 
within the orbit of feshion- 
m conscious women. 

The dissemination of de- 
.. signer ciothcs is the fashion 
_ story of the mid-1980s. The 
« rcady-io-wcar creators have 
been a fashion force for a 
decade. Their bi-annual pa- 
. radcs — which start again in 
Milan next weekend — are a 
test of skill, verve and 
imagination. The show is the 
. image-maker for the creative 
designer, the fountainhead of 
style for the label and a source 
of inspiration (not to say 
plagiarism) for the clothing 


£ Bui now the designers are 
• “knocking off* themselves, by 
'..introducing tiered collections 
that reduce prices of the basic 
^components of the designer 
look to approachable levels. 

' With a new autumn outfit 
7 from an international designer 
pushing £1.000, such price 
cuts are relative. But some 
major designers, including 
Giorgio Armani and Ralph 
. Lauren, are now bringing in a 
third stratum of style; offering 
the clothes at a fraction of the 
cost of the main collection. 

Yves Saint Lau- 
rent Variation: 
prices are still 
relatively high. 
The strengths 
are impeccable 
tailoring, qual- 
ity fabrics and 
the YSL cut The autumn 
collection inclodes artist 
smock printed silk dresses on 
a velvet yoke (£379), classic 
straight skirts (£190), tailored 
bolero jackets (£275), swingy 
three quarter-length jackets 
(£305) and knits (£109). 
Stockists: Harrods, and 


Issey Miyake 
Plantation: de- 
signed by the 
Miyake design 
studio under ids 
direction. Less 
str u cture d than 
main collection, 
with easy washable separates. 
Autumn range based on leg- 
gings and layers, topped by 
huge coats or wide-shouldered 
sweaters. Fabrics: stretchy 
cotton and wool jersey in grey, 
bine, black and purple. Av- 
erage price of total outfit 
'£300. Stockist Plantation, 
270 Brampton Road SW3. 

T he dissemination of 
designer names 
through licensing is 
nothing new. Paris 
couture has been do- 
ing it for decades, with Pierre 
Cardin the founding father of 
the concept that anything 
from umbrellas to underpants 
— if well-designed — sells 
better with a designer swing 
ticket on it. 

The current fashion trend is 
based on the belief that the 
buying public identifies with a 
designer's image and looks for 
a specific feature: Krizia's 
animal motifs or Jean Muir’s 
precision cutting; Armani's 
rounded nape or Miyake's 


Sonia Rykiel 
Graphics: knit 
collection based 
on her famous 
striped and 
plain long-line 
separates. The 
h&hljghts in- 
clude calf-length kunsbwool 
sleeveless sweater dress (£99), 
stripe and plain wwi^ nn 
(£125); edge-to-edge cardigan 
jacket, pin sweater and slim 
skirt, £250 together. Stockists: 
Harvey Nichols. Browns have 
Graphics pins velour (outfits 
from £150) at Sonia Rykiel, 25 
South Melton Street Wl. 



Jean Paul 
Gaultier for 
Bogys: more 
wearable ver- 
sions of Enfant 
Terrible style 
include flannel 
suits with 
Laced- up backs and velvet 

collars, (£450 the outfit) or 

laced skirts, long or short. 

origami folds. The customer grey or black . Gaultier Public, 
for the diffusion line may be bis sportswear line: cycling 

.the same as for ihe main shorts with Cryllic lettering 
^collection, but buying more and leggings. Prices from £90. 
for her money. Both diffusion lines from 

The most significant area is Jones, 13 Floral Street SC2 
the tailoring, where the same and 71 Kings Road SW3. 
factory will produce the de- ^ mmmmmmmm 

signer pattern, using less 
luxurious fabric, buttons and jacket down the price 
linings. This is true of Yves from MaxMara. thn 
Saint Laurent, whose Van- Sponmax. Marella. I 8 
ation collection, at a third less Prisma and Penny Black, 
than Rive Gauche prices, is This is the model 

jacket down the price scale 
from MaxMara. through 
Sponmax, Marella. I Blues. 
Prisma and Penny Black. 

This is the model for 

made b> the same manufac- Giorgio Armani — for whom 

lurer. Mcndis. 

The Italians and their hi- 
tcch tailoring factories have 
been the spur. Dr Luigi 
Maramotti of MaxMara was 
the first manufacturer to bring 
in high-fashion designers. 
Under a series of labels in a 
pyramid structure, you win 
find the same quimessentially 
Milanese big-shouidcred 

the textile giant Gruppo 
Finanziario Tessule makes the 
main collection. Maui and 
Emporio Armani. With 80 
shops in Italy and 1 50 more in 
the pipeline. Armani threatens 
to become the Benetton of 
designer labels. 

Some designers are con- 
cerned that disseminating a 
name too widely weakens the 



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message. Thus Gianni 
Versace, who has sworn never 
to put his logo on a T-shirt, 
keeps his name exclusive, but 
designs “incognito” for 
Gcnny. At the Genny bou- 
tique (Knights Arcaded Lon- 
don SWI ) you get the Versace 
fed at half the prices charged 
in his own-label boutiques. 

In America, tiered collec- 
tions are the norm and the 
reason why US designers 
make such big money out of 
fashion. You can find all 
Ralph Lauren's diffusion lines 
on sale together in his London 

M ost British retail- 
ers do not have 
the confidence 
to do this and 
seem unsure of 
how to promote diffusion 
collections. They are mostly 
available in the stores, but 
often need to be tracked down. 
Whereas a hoarding 200 feet 
long advertises Emporio 
Armani in Milan, here bits of 
the collection are Lucked away 
at the back of the Armani' 
boutique, suggesting that it is 
third best. 

Harvey Nichols, which 
makes much of its designer 
floor, divides up main and 
subsidiary lines, so that Krizia 
Poi and Rykiel’s Graphics are 
buried in the knitwear 

Few British designers are 
involved in diffusion collec- 
tions. That is their lament and 
sometimes their downfall. It 
has taken Jean Muir 20 years 
in business to create’ the 
Studio line, which will be 
shown during British Fashion 
Week in 10 days’ time. 

This is open season for 
British designers to open 
shops, thus establishing an 
image and putting the designer 
in control of retail sales. It is a 
small step in the right direc- 
tion that most international 
designers took (0 years ago. 

Jean Mnir Sto- 
lfi# CuBectUms 
k*® expensive 
an< * younger 
range based on 
separates with 
emphasis on 
knits, at about 
half the cost of the main 
collection. This rnssett 
iambswool polo-neck sweater 
with* a deep ribbed basque; 
£130. black wool leggings, 
£89. Painted wooden brooches 
designed by Annie Sberburn 
fur Jean Mnir, £19.95, all 
from The European Collec- 
tion, Harvey Nichols, 
Knights bridge, SWI. Black 
velvet pomps £39.99 from 
Hobbs South Molton Street 
^ and branches. 


Mani by 
Giorgio Armani 
is his diffusion 
tine between the 
main collection 
and the cheaper 
Emporio. Mani 
. . classics include 
the sculpted nape tailored 
jackets, pleat front trousers 
and wrap skirts, as well as a 
range of blouses. Beige wool 
jersey collarless jacket, £200, 
front pleated straight skirt, 
£105. silk and cotton striped 
blouse, £155, grey flannel 
beret, £60. All from Giorgio 
Armani, 123 New Bond Street 
Wl. Tights from Pretty Polly. 
Conical-heel shoes from 
Stephane Kdlian. Sloaae 

— Street. 



Ralph Lauren 
diffusion lines 
include Class- 
ifications (well- 
bred separates), 
active wear 
(polo shirts and 
track snits), 
Ronghwear (denim, ebambre 
and brushed cotton) and 
body wear. Lauren classics to 
look for are white cotton camp 
shirts (from £60), grey pirated 
skirts (from £124), knits (from 
£75), lace-trimmed sweaters 
(£95), plaid shirts £60. All 
from Ralph Lauren 143 New 
Bond Street Wl. 


Krizia's Man- 
ama Maodelli 
is known both 
. * for her strong 
$ tailoring and 
for her sig- 
nature:. a 
menagerie of 
animal patterns on distinctive 
broad-shouldered knits. They 
are modi copied for winter 
woollies. Krizia Poi is the 
company fight-back, a much 
cheaper knitwear collection 
featuring paw prints and witty 
animal motifs including a 
polar bear sweater (£150). 
.Stockist: Harvey Nichols. 




I hear that the Princess 
of Wales is in some di- 
lemma over her wardrobe 
for the Gulf tour in 

Diana has derided to 
interpret the female cover- 
up as head, elbows, knees 
and iocs. Yet her royal 

mother-in-law set a 

convention of ankle-length 
skirls on her visit to Saudi 
in 1979. Ken Fleetwood at 
Hardy Amies designed for 
the Queen a floor-sweeping 
pleated skin that was then 
chopped off and worn to 
Ascot ' the following 

The fashion-conscious 

Princess of Wales can wear 
her Dynasty-style Bruce 
Oldfield evening dresses 
but she is finding it more 
difficult to adapt her V-for- 
Victor Edelstein daytime 
silhouette of wide shoul- 
ders and short, slim skin. 
When the hemline drops to 
mid-calf, the length Diana 
has derided to wear for the 
Gulf, it looks dowdy. 

After the initial panic, 
die has now asked David 
and Elizabeth Emanuel to 
create a wardrobe of 
longer, softer dollies suit- 
able for the desert states. 
With designer shoulder 
pads on the way out and 
Joan Collins threatening to 
kill off Alexis next year, the 
Princess of Wales may be 
ahead of the fashion trend, 
by giving longer skins a 

. 7 w .- < 

il iff. 

The Queen: spots cropped at the knee for Ascot; 
floor-length pleats by Andes for Saadi in 1979 

Sailors going to blazers 

Harold Cudmore, in ship-shape navy blazer, challenged 
Robin Knox-Jobrtson, in dfscreet pin stripes, to be the 
first to Aft the America's Cup. Its rightful winner will be 
decided in Western Australia in November. But Crown 
Jewellers Garrard were showing off the elaborate silver 
ewer, weighing in at 200 ounces of solid silver, and an 
exact replica of the 1848 original. Guarding the cup and 
showing off their new raglen-shouklered blazers and 
fly-the-flag stripes, designed by Roland Klein, were two 
British Airways staff, who are off Down Under. Garrard 
are in a race of their own — to finish the refurbishment of 
their store by the time that the British team is bringing 
the trophy home. 

Jack high 
for Nino 

Nino Cerruti, who flies into 
town to christen bis new 
Bond Street store on 
Thursday, is becoming suit 
maker to the stars. Hie 
elegant Italian, at whose 
feet Giorgio Armani 
learned his trade, has been 
working on a new wardrobe 
for Jack Nicholson, which 
he will be wearing for his 
role in the film of John 
Updike's Tie Witches of 

The rumpled Nicholson, 
better known for his open- 

neck shirts than for im- 
peccable tailoring, may be 
outclassed by Sting, for 
whom Cerruti is also mak- 
ing a silver screen ward- 
robe. Cerruti, whose last 
menswear show was a still 
life among post modernist 
furniture, first used the 
Italian Vico Magfctretti to 
design the flagship Cerruti 
1881 store in Paris 20 
years ago. 

1 bear that customers at 
the Bond Street shop are 
making bids not only for 
(be dothes but for tbe 
Magistretti-designed tan 
leather-top table, and the 
horse blanket-covered sofa. 



Hair by Mario 
at Schumi 

Make-up by Tink 

Photographs by 
Chris Dawes 


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Feeling the 



A plan to tic a future Labour 
government to the views of its 
backbenchers has already been 
attacked — by the potential back- 
benchers themselves. The idea 
was contained in a letter to Neil 
Kinnock from a new pressure 
group. PPC Liaison, representing 
more than 1 00 Labour par- 
liamentary candidates. But at a 
meeting at the Winter Gardens 
conference centre it became clear 
that, far from liaising with their 
leader, the group was failing to 
liaise with itself. Candidates, 
including John Reid. Kinnoefc's 
former speech writer, angrily criti- 
cized Peter Hain. who drafted the 
letter, for not consulting them 
about its contents. 

1950s to 1980s. happily admits 
responsibility for the stunt — as he 
did for ‘'Kremlin sends con- 
gratulations'* trailed over Green- 
ham Common a year or so ago. 

City Council leader's analysis of 
local government Crisis in the 
Town Halls, emerges in May. 


Unable to wait for Neil Kinnock’s 
speech today, the soft-left Labour 
Coordinating Committee has 
published a satirical “early draft" 
in its daily news sheet In (as my 
friends in the lobby would pm it) a 
strong appeal for unity, Kinnock is 

quoted as saying: “I am the leader. 
1 say what goes — and Til tell you 
where I am going to put all those 
imp 9 ssibilist policies you keep 
passing. Right up Gwyneth Dun- 
woody’s fur coat" The oration 
continues: “It's quite simple 
really: never mind the policies, 
just follow me. I ask only this 
small favour of each of you: blind 

loyally". If only David Steel had 
such a way with words. 

Great divide 





Surprise, surprise. Robert Kilroy- 
SiJk kept well dear of Blackpool 
yesterday, deciding to launch his 
book. Hard Labour ; in London 
instead. Andrew Motion, Chatto’s 
commissioning editor confessed: 
“I didn't want to set off for the 
Frankfurt Book Fair with a black 
eye," Kiiroy-Silk, who is planning 
another book, this time about 
judges, told me be could not 
understand the fuss: “I could have 
written something really nasty 
about the Labour Party, but I 
didn't” Meanwhile, boat-rocker 
David Blunkett has also been 
signed up by Chatto. The Sheffield 




Blackpool's spadous Winter Gar- 
dens were not designed for this 
security-sensitive age; Labour's 
solution has been to construct a 
sort of Berlin Wall across the 
Floral Hall, the building's main 
foyer. The trouble is that this 
barrier, which confines delegates 
to a “secure area” effectively cuts 
them off not only from their fav- 
ourite promenade area but also, 
more seriously, from the Galleon 
Bar. But there is a compensation: 
the floor-to-cciling wall is painted 
a brilliant white, and Labour is 
thinking of offering prizes for the 
best Edwina Currie graffilto by the 
end of the week. 

reception at the Imperial HoteL 
John Baker, the CEGB's managing 
do rector, chose a guest speaker of 
redder hue even than the free- 
flowing wine: Jimmy Airlie, the 
only communist on the engineer- 
ing union executive. Further 
flattering the left, he conceded that 
the board was studying the fea- 
sibility of building more coal-fired 
power stations in the event of a 
Labour election victory* Skulking 
behind a pillar during Baker's 
address was John Cunningham, 
whose job as Labour's environ- 
ment spokesman is at risk because 
of his pro-nuclear views (Sellafteld 
is in his constituency). 


At the Blackpool conference 
launch of a new pamphlet. Peace 
Through Son-Alignment — Britain 
Out of Sato. Tony Benn appeared 
to have reached agreement on one 
thing with the Reagan administra- 
tion: that as long as Britain 
remained in Nato. so would cruise 
missiles remain in Britain. Indeed 
Benn. who had written ihe 
booklet's foreword, warmed to the 
theme: “You could almost say the 
book has a foreword by Tony 
Benn and an afterword by Caspar 

• Linda Bellos, Lambeth's black 
council leader, was in fine sisterly 
form yesterday. As the party 
leader emerged from the Imperial 
HoteL sbe shouted: “Kinnock, you 
only like black people at carnival". 

Job lots 

In an attempt to outgimmick the 
Tories, whose conference next 

Rival banner 

= | Power play 

‘He's definitely grown in staume. 

Last year he could only 
manage a split with Derek Hatton' 

The Central Electricity Generating 
Board formed a tactical alliance 
with the Communists in Black- 
pool yesterday. Addressing a 

Nuclear disarmer Bruce Kent 
complains that “all eyes turned 
upwards" during his oration at the 
Labour CND rally on the Black- 
pool seafront on Sunday. The 
cause was a light aircraft towing a 
banner reading: “Visit the Vulcan 
bomber. Blackpool Airport." 
Brian Bateson, managing director 
of the Blackpool Air Centre and 
owner of one of the Vulcans which 
carried nuclear bombs from the 

Tories, whose conference next 
week will feature a Blue Rosette 
stand selling Jeffrey Archer nov- 
els. Labour is flogging dubious 
wares of its own. On sale at their 
stall yesterday were Labour party 

hip flasks, golf umbrellas, towels 
and teddy bears wearing vests with 
cute slogans like “I'm a Red Ted” 
and “Join the Cuddly Left”. 
Tempting also: framed portraits of 
Neil Kinnock. a snip at £13.95. 
and a plate commemorating the 
50lh anniversary of the Jarrow 
marchers selling for more than any 
of them probably earned in a 
month: £25. PHS 

Philip Jacobson on the plight of Honduras, bribed to follow Washington’s orders 

Helpless pawn 
in Reagan’s 
war against the 

In the four y< 

In the four years since the Reagan 
administration threw the full 
weight of its moral backing — and 
as many millions of dollars as it 
could extract from Congress — 
behind the cause of the Nica- 
raguan Contras. the position of US 
ambassador to Honduras has 
undergone a remarkable trans- 

Previously. Tegucigalpa was a 
diplomatic backwater, the drowsy 
lituc capital ofa laige but unpopu- 
lated and desperately poor coun- 
try. apparently untouched by the 
winds of change blowing hard 
elsewhere in Central America. A 
long tradition of military coups, 
often on what seemed absurdly 
flimsy grounds, compounded its 
sorry tag of the very first banana 
republic.Today. Washington's 
man in Tegucigalpa is rarely out of 
the public eye. his every word and 
deed recorded, scrutinized and 
endlessly analysed by Hondurans 
of every political persuasion and a 
steadily expanding corps of fellow 
diplomats. The walls of the red- 
tiled Spanish colonial houses are 
now spattered with conflicting 
slogans damning Yanqui imperi- 
alism and exhorting Reagan to 
“smash Commie trash”. Dinner 
panics in what only recently was 
the most relaxed nation in Central 
America now erupt into furious 
arguments about the impact of US 
policy on Honduras. 

At the heart of it all is (he 
presence in Honduras of about 
15.000 well-armed Contras: in 
heavily defended bases along the 
500-niilc frontier with Nicaragua, 
in training camps behind the front 
line, in luxurious villas and air- 
condiiioncd offices in the capital. 
The war they arc waging, some- 
times hotly, more often with no 
great relish, against Nicaragua's 
left-wing Sandinista regime is 
financed almost totally by Wash- 
ington. The bulk of the funds are 
administered through the US em- 
bassy. the local CIA station, 
occasionally through some more 
subterranean entity. 

Even among the many Hon- 
durans who have no great affec- 
tion for the Sandinistas there is 

growing unease about this cosy 
relationship between two sets of 
foreigners on their territory. The 
fact that the economic aid which 
Washington sends to the govern- 
ment of {’resident Jose Azcona — 
$100 million last year, with an- 
other S60 million for building up 
the armed forces — is utterly cru- 
cial to their country only makes 
them more uneasy. 

Is this a pay-off for tolerating 
the Contras as they carve out a 
sizeable slice of the coffee-rich 
border region for themselves, 
renaming it “Nucve Nicaragua”?; 
for turning a blind eye while the 
rebels assault and rob villagers, 
sometimes press-ganging them 
into service, sometimes raping 
their women? 

the military had been, as the State 
Department asserted, less than 
amicable. He had simply made a 
point of dealing with President 
Azcona first and foremost 

Certainly few Hondurans would 
disagree that the Contra factor has 
come to impinge directly on the 
stability and security of their 
country. As the leader of the 
opposition Christian Democrat 
Party observed recently: “Of 
course. US aid helps us. but 
Honduras has no independent 
foreign policy any more. We have 
on our territory displaced people, 
a permanent conflict with Nica- 
ragua. and we are isolated 

The position is further com- 
plicated by the involvement, 
widely known but never publicly 
discussed, of the Honduran High 
Command in a lucrative opera- 
tion that feeds off the US aid 
programme. In the words of one 
western diplomatic observer: “A 
lot of senior officers are getting 
very rich, very fast, because of the 
Contra presence. The last thing 
they want is a negotiated settle- 
ment with the Sandinistas.” 

One of the best earners, he adds, 
is the “write-off racket.” Over the 
last two or three years, the US and 
Honduras have staged several 
military exercises inside the coun- 
try involving thousands of troops 
and masses of equipment. “No- 
body has the faintest idea bow 
many pairs of boots, uniforms and 
cases of ammunition get left over. 
The Honduran military sells them 
to the Contras — sometimes even 

trucks and weapons." In such 
circumstances, handling the Hon- 
duran generals is obviously one of 
the US ambassador's most dedi- 
cate undertakings. 

Reagan's man when the 
commitment to the Contras was 
really getting under way was John 
D. Negroponte. a clever, am- 
bitious and hard-nosed diplomat 
From the start, Negroponte ap- 
plied himself with vigour and 
considerable success to building a * 
raggle-taggle bunch of CIA-spon- 
sored guerrillas into a small army. 

To this end, he assiduously 
cultivated the Honduran High 
Command, to the point where it 
appeared to some observers that 
he valued their support above that 
of the civilian government In the 
process, the way he pursued US 
objectives deeply offended many 
Hondurans prominent in politics 
and the media. To them. Neg- 
roponte became “the Pro-Consul” 
trying to run their country from 
his gleaming white embassy. 

When Negroponte left last year, 
many Honduran officials believed 
that Washington's principal in- 
terest in their country was to use it 
as a launching pad for Reagan’s 
crusade against the Sandinistas. 
All those millions of aid dollars 
were looking more and more like a 

To take over at this acutely 
sensitive moment, the Reagan 
administration chose John Ferch. 
a career diplomat with years of 
service in Latin America, includ- 
ing Cuba. In no time Ferch had 
endeared himself to Hondurans 

by his decisive role in persuading 
President Roberto Suazo to step 
down when his term of office 
expired. The elections that fol- 
lowed marked the first orderly 
transfer of civilian power for more 
than half a century. Given this 
splendid start. Fetch's relations 
with the incoming President 
Azcona were understandable cor- 
dial. and more important, correct 
In Azcona's words, “as ambas- 
sador he always respected Hon- 
duras and kept in mind that the 
dignity of this country came 
before anything." 

Yet within 12 months Ferch was 
out The official State Deportment 
explanation was failure to follow 
US policy lines and mismanage- 
ment “Hogwash,” Ferch told a 
reporter from Newsday who 
tracked him down later to the 
Canadian backwoods where he is 
building a log cabin. Speaking 
with the freedom of one who has 
put the diplomatic service behind 
him. Ferch said be was sacked 
because the Reagan administra- 
tion had decided to abandon its 
slated policy of using the Contras 
and a trade embargo to put 
pressure on the Sandinistas to 
agree to talks about democratic 
reform. • 

What Washington is now seek- 
ing. Ferch claims, is a straight- 
forward military solution: this 
implies much greater co-operation 
with the Honduran High Com- 
mand. almost certainly at the cost 
of US links with the elected 
government. It was not true. Ferch 
added, that his own relations with 

What the next US ambassador 
— Everett Briggs, another experi- 
enced Latin America hand — will 
find waiting in Tegucigalpa has. in 
the opinion of one European 
diplomat, all the makings of a 
fracaso: something between fiasco 
and disaster. Dumping Ferch so 
abruptly had seriously under- 
mined the cause of democracy in 
Honduras, he argues, because 
Washington seemed to be signal- 
ling that ft would turn to the 
generals in the last resort. In other 
words, the “Pro-Consular” school 
of diplomacy. Ferch himself in- 
sists that such an approach is 
doomed because the Hondurans 
simply will not take orders. 

In the end. most observers 
agree, it boils down to a major 
gamble by the US on being able to 
whip the Contras into good 
enough shape finally to achieve 
something on the battlefield. Out- 
side Washington, nobody, not 
even their US instructors, gives 
them any chance of victory over 
the large, increasingly combat- 
hardened Sandinista army. “You 
can hand over crates of new rifles, 
new field radios, even new mis- 
siles to use against the helicopter 
gunships. but you can't give the 
troops the cutting edge of sheer 
commitment,” one US military 
source argues. 

Contra morale is terrible, he 
maintains. “The only time those 
farmboys sweating it out in border 
camps see their leaders is when 
they drop by in air-conditioned 
Jeeps with quadrophonic sound 
systems.” Ail atlemps by the 
Americans to push senior Contras 
out of Tegucigalpa and into the 
bush have failed: there aren't 
enough villas with swimming 
pools out there, says one adviser. 

Talking to ordinary Hondurans, 
one sense a feeling of helplessness 
in the face of events puffing their 
country this way and that Many 
would like to see the US invade 
Nicaragua and put an end to the 
constant trouble along their fron- 
tier. Many more believe Hon- 
durans will have to accept the 
reality of living next door to a 
second Cuba and should already 
be negotiating with the Sandinis- 
las for an acceptable modus 

But most common of all is the 1 
belief that they are becoming 
pawns in a struggle that can only 
do further damage to' their poor, 
weak nation. Caught somewhere 
between war and peace, incapable, 
it seems, of controlling their own 
destiny, they have nothing but 
apprehension about what now 
awaits them. 

© Ttots N — iniMU , 1M8- 

John Young laments the end of the shops launched by the grocer who went boating with a king 

One of the great names in British 
retailing disappeared from the 
High Street this month when the 
last 84 Lipton stores closed for the 
weekend and reopened on Mon- 
day morning as branches of the 
Presto supermarket chain. 

For many years, before the 
advent of self-service trolleys and 
check-out counters. Lipton was a 
household name, synonymous 
with jolly, well-upholstered men 
in white caps and aprons, standing 
behind counters and surrounded 
by shelves of produce which they 
weighed, measured and wrapped 
for their customers. 

They belonged to a time when 
people were served with what they 
wanted in pounds and ounces - 
and paid for not only in pounds. 


& e 



shillings and pence, but also 
halfpence and farthings - rather 

Thomas Lipton, yachtsman friend of Edward Vll, and one of his early shops 

than being left to make their own 
forays among the litre and kilo- 
gram pre-packs. 

Presto, pan of the Argyll group 
htch recently made headlines 

which recently made headlines 
when it lost a long and costly 
battle with Guinness to acquire 
Distillers, has said that it intends 
to keep all the 438 former Lipton 
shops open, even ihough many arc 
very small and not easily adapted 
to self-service trading. Neverthe- 
less the change will be seen as 
marking another stage in the 
seemingly inexorable advance of 
the big supermarket chains at the 
expense of the traditional retailers. 

A survev published in The 
Grucer earlier this year disclosed 
that the five largest food chains 
accounted for nearly half the total 

Hey Presto! They’re gone 

grocery market. Top of the list was 
Sainsbury with 1 1.9 per cent, 
closely followed by Tesco with 
1 1.6 per cent (both are much 
stronger in London and the South- 
east than in the rest of the country, 
so their domination south of 
Potters Bar is even more marked). 

The .Dee Corporation (Gateway 
and International) at that time was 
in third place with 7.4 percent but 
has since acquired Fine Fare, 
which brings it very close to the 
two leaders with an estimated 1 1.5 
per cent of the market. Fourth and 

fifth respectively were Asda with 
7.1 per cent and Argyll with 5.5 

Although separated bv nearly a 
century, the careers of Sir Thomas 
Lipton and of James Gulliver, the 
present chairman of the Argyll 
group, bear a curious similarity. 
Both were the sons of small 
Scottish grocers, and both became 
millionaires through a combina- 
tion of enterprise and ruthlessness 
that won them as many enemies as 

• Sir Thomas was born of Irish 

parents in Glasgow in 1850 and 
made his fortune in tea. But what 
made him a household name, in 
more senses than one. was his 
friendship with King Edward VIL 
who shared his passion for yacht- 
ing. and his five gallant but 
unsuccessful challenges for the 

Despite the feme of his racing 
yachts — all called Shamrock — he 
was blackballed from membership 
of the Royal Yacht Squadron 
because he was 'in trade”. On one 
occasion the Kaiser Wilhelm was 

alleged to have remarked that he 
understood that his cousin, the 
King, had gone “boating with his 

Gulliver, aged 56, is a product 
of Glasgow University and Har- 
vard Business School and. after a 
spell with a management con- 
sultancy firm, made his reputation 
by revitalizing the Canadian- 
owned Fine Fare chain of super- 

His departure from Fine Fare 
was accompanied by a covenant 
preventing him from setting up in 
direct competition for two years. 
Bui four years ago, having cooled 
his heels, he acquired Presto from 
Sir James Goldsmith, and has not 
looked back since. Although he 
lists sailing among his recreational 
activities, he confesses to being 
happiest at the wheel of an open- 
topped car on a country road. 

At present there seems little to 
prevent Presto. Tesco. Sainsbury 
and the rest from accumulating an 
ever greater share of the grocery 
market. The survival of the corner 
shop would appear to depend 
upon the readiness of Asian 
traders -to remain open for long 
hours to serve the needs of urban 
dwellers who have run out of 
bread, milk, eggs or cigarettes. 

But the name Upton will be 
kept alive in, of all places. 
Gibraltar, where there are still two 
shops and a third due to open next | 
year. A company spokesman ex- I 
plained: “The name Presto means 
nothing out there.” 

The author is Agriculture 
Correspondent of_ The Times. 

Digby Anderson 

This immoral 

alms race 

The possession of a detailed 
scheme for changing personal 
income taxation and social se- 
curity is currently de rigucur for 
parties proclaiming “radical” poli- 
cies, but the same parties know 
that technical details alone won't 
win votes. Much more effective is 
an apparently moral appeal. 

The technicalities of the 
schemes can. of course, be criti- 
cized. This and other columns 
could bulge with arguments about 
replacement ratios, poverty and 
employment traps, earnings rules, 
age and invalidity supplements, 
marginal and average tax rates, 
uprating procedures, thresholds, 
and incentive effects: all would be 
imposingly decorated with illus- 

trative cases showing how ft is 
advantageous or disadvantageous 

to be an unemployed cohabiting 
lesbian with four children of 
obscure provenance rather than a 
faithfully married utxi driver, 
especially if he has more than 2.7 
miles to go to work, in cases a) 
where he owns and b) where he 
docs not own his cab. We might 
even have a graph. 

Such arguments, although im- 
mensely boring, are important, for 
there is no doubt that the current 
income redistribution systems arc 
indeed a mess: incomprehensible 
to taxpayers and benefit claim- 
ants, an uncoordinated patchwork 
of ad hoc and conflicting legisla- 
tion with poverty and unemploy- 
ment traps and cosily duplication 
of work by tax and social security 
bureaucrats. They need detailed 
reform, and some suggested re- 
forms such as the integration of 
taxation and benefit systems are 
highly overdue. There is also 
much necessary work to be done 
on the arithmetic, costings and 
assumptions of rival reform 

But it is even more important to 
scrutinize the apparent moral 
appeal. The better oft we learn, 
should not selfishly ding to the 
wealth they are lucky to have but 
pay more tax to help those less 
fortunate than themselves. Many, 
it is said, are prepared to do this: 
Mrs Thaicher is mistaken to 
assume that all share her own 
selfish, individualistic ethic 

What morality there is in this is 
false. Current income distribution 
is not the result of pure chance. 
The better off and not so well off 
are not simply the fortunate and 
the unfortunate. To an extent pre- 
tax wealth distribution is the 
reward of skill, work, sacrifice and 
risk taking and thus right just 
good. To that extent ft is wrong, 
unjust and bad coercively to 
redistribute incomes. 

Of course, it is also right that 
those with more give soine of their 
wealth to the very poor. But they 
already give fer more than some. 
They give more than the better off 
in many comparable countries. 
Professor Salm. writing in Le 
Figaro , recently compared income 
tax paid by better off families in 

ing high confidence in the ability 
of politicians and their bureau- 

of politicians and their bureau- 
crats to solve society's problems. 
Those who favour low taxes are 
sceptical about politicians' abil- 
ities to spend that money better 
than themselves, even politicians 
who can talk about replacement 

The ratios and the rest of the 
technical talk show the intractabil- 
ity of redistribution to past 
politicians* scheming*. Their mes- 
sage for present politidans is 
surely that it behoves them to be 
humble in the face of the 
problem's complexity and their 
predecessors’ failure. They should 
ask for less tax. not more. It also 
behoves, taxpayers eager to pay 
more tax to examine whether 
there are not other, more efficient, 
if more personally demanding 
ways to help the poor. 

The author is Director of the Social 
Affairs Unit. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

So what’s your 
car’s number? 

What is the legal situation of a 
person who is driving a telephone 
box at more than 60 mph? That, in 
effect, is the question raised by the 
recent police prosecution ofa man 
who was driving and phoning at 
the same lime, and was later 

WelL we have had many anx- 
ious calls here at the office, some 
from worried motorists actually 
dialling us at 100 mph on the Ml. 
all wanting to know exactly what 
the law says. As luck would have 
it. the Highway Code people have 
sent us their new supplement 

entitled Teiephoning in a Car a 
Highway Code Addendum. They 
urged us not to publish it just yet. 
but wc prefer not to worry about 
silly things like that, so here ft is. 
I. A driver should at all times 
ensure that his telephone is in 
good working order. 

-- Before beginning a journey, a 
driver should ensure that: 

• The phone, is not off the hook. 

• No stickers have been fixed to 
the windscreen with messages 
such as “Call Trixie for a good 

• Your telephone directories are 
in a position where they will not 
fell on your lap as you drive off. 

• There is no queue outside your 
car wailing to use the phone. 

3. If there is any doubt about your 
telephone working properly, a 
driver may dial 999 and report a 
big fire in a building near your 
parked vehicle. If a fire engine 
arrives within five minutes, you 
will know there is nothing wrong 
with your appliance. 

4. When making a call at any 
speed, the left hand should slowly 
be lowered on to the phone while 
the eyes are kept on the road 
ahead. If the hand should en- 
counter nothing, keep Irving. If the 
hand should pick up something 
that turns out to be a lady's 
handbag, do not attempt to phone 
with it. If. after five minutes, you 
arc unable to locate the phone, 
pull off the road and stop. 

5. Having located the phone, it 
should be placed under the chin 
and held in positron in such a way 
that the driver looks as if he is a 
well-known violinist holding his 
instrument without hands, or 
anyone else suffering from a neck 

6. To avoid the dangers of dialling 
a long number incorrectly, place 
all such calls via the operator. 

7. As the operator never answers, a 
longnumbcr can now be dialled. 

S. Drivers should try to express 

little emotion during a phone call. 
This is for the sake of other 
drivers, who may well be alarmed 
by the sight ofa solo motorist next 
to them shouting into thin air. 
roaring with laughter, getting an- 
gry, bursting into tears, etc. 

9. If at any time you should drop 
the handset between your legs, 
pull over immediately to the side 
of the road and halt, shouting as 
you do so: “Don't go away! I’ve 
just dropped the damn thing! HI 
be with you in a moment!” 

10. At unavoidable moments of 
emotion, the following hand sig- 
nals may be used: 

• Both hands raised in the air “I 
have just phoned Test Match 
scoreline, and England are 98 for 8 
before lunch". 

• One hand repeatedly striking 
skull: “My God — I have just 
phoned home to talk to my wife, 
and the phone was answered by a 
totally strange man”. 

• One finger pointing out of the 
window: “I think this call is for 

1 1. When a difficult corner, tricky 
gear change or motorway pile-up 
is coming up ahead, say carefully - 
into the receiver “Could you hold 
on a moment?”, then drop phone 
between knees. 

12. In anticipation of a crash, 
make sure you have a message on 
your recorded answer device 
which states: “I'm sorry, but 
although I am in the car at the 
moment, 1 am unable to come to 
the phone as I am lying un- 
conscious upside down in a ditch, 
if you leave your name and 
number. I will come back to you 

\{ al any time your caller 
snould require you to take down a 
message on a notepad, with pencil, 
the car should be steered carefully 
with knee, as when lighting a pipe, 
shaving, etc. 

14. If. while you are on the 
pnone. your other phone rings, a 
second call should be started only 
at a speed less than 60 mph. (Note: 
n is hard to place two phones 
under chin.) 

15. If, while phoning, you also 
wish to change cassettes, light a 
cigarette or blow your nose, ask 
your secretary to lean over and 
steer for a while. In the event of a 
crash, she may be named as the 
guilty driver. For the law on 
phoning while smoking, cassette- 
changing, pointing out scenery etc, 

send for our Highway Code book- 
let. Look - A ’o Hander 

16. Good luck! 

• ■■ 

different countries. His objective 
was to urge foe reduction of the 
effective French rate of 25 per 
cent. He noted the Italian 24 per 
cent, the American 17percentand 
the Japanese 1 1 percent. Britain's 
effective rate is 27 per cent. 

This argues that the better off 
here give more than enough 
already, but it does not mean they 
give it to the poor. Like all taxes it 
is paid to middlemen politicians 
and ft is these people's record with 
it that is so dismal. The fact is that 
the politidans have already been 
given enough money by the 
taxpayer to end acute poverty and 
they have not done the job. Why 
give them any more? 

It is morally imperative to help 
the poor. It is not morally imper- 
ative. arid may well be morally 
reprehensible, for taxpayers to 
squander yet more money on the 
politicians' failed policies rather 
than help foe poor directly. The 
more proclaimed eagerness 
among the wealthy to pay more 
tax may be not only stupid but 
lazy, irresponsible and lacking in 
effective charity. Those who 
would help the poor cannot 
discharge their obligation solely by 
rooting in tbeir capacious pockets. 
They are no less obliged to direct 
the contents of those pockets and 
see they reach their intended 

Conversely ft is not necessarily 
selfish to try to keep wealth - to 
keep it, that is, from politidans. It 
is not even “individualistic". In- 
dividuals strive for wealth not just 
for themselves but for their fam- 
ilies. to bring up their children as 
well as possible, give to charities, 
spend on the arts or the ecologi- 
cally fashionable countryside, in- 
deed to invest and create jobs, to 
generate wealth and welfare. The 
morality of individuals' use of 
their wealth varies, but not 
according to the tax they pay. 

Taxation indicates something 
else. It is a measure not or 
morality but politicization. Those 
who favour high taxes are express- 

Sim I - i ! K ' 

C’- , 

I*K'- .. 


Tf, . ' V 
l! ' " 




C"’ .i 


i Vv 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Mr Kinnock is displeased with 
the American Defence Sec- 
retary, Mr Caspar Weinberger, 
tor staling openly some of the 
consequences of Labour’s pol- 
• pr on nuclear weapons. He 
no right to his displeasure. 
The British people are entitled 
to know the consequences of 
Labour's policy as these are 
son by the allied nation on 
which Naso principally de- 
pends. They are entitled to as 
much evidence as they can gel 
on this matter of life and 
death, and to as much time as 
possible in which to absorb it 
before the next election. 

At the moment, understand- 
ing is clouded by the pretence 
^ihat Labour policy is simply 
^.about the weapons with which 
Britain should or should not 
defend itself, and that it carries 
nd danger to the West or to 
Naio. That is how Mr Kinnock 
wishes us to look at it But 
rational study of his remarks 
last weekend shows that it is a 
false image. 

There are two quite separate 
questions which must not be 
confused. The first is whether 
the United Kingdom should 
abandon or keep its own 
nuclear deterrent which fur- 
ther breaks down into two 
subsidiary questions; should it 
replace Polaris when that 
weapon is obsolete but keep it 
meanwhile, or should it aban- 
don nuclear weapons forth- 
with? Since abandoning 
Britain's independent deter- 
rent within a nuclear-armed 
Nato (in which we continued 
fully to cooperate) would not 
necessarily jeopardize the 
safely of the West the ques- 
tion of Britain's nuclear capac- 
ity is secondary. 

This does not mean that 
abandoning the UK's nuclear 
defence is wise, and the un- 
wisdom of doing so has been 
argued here before. Neverthe- 
less, it is possible for a full- 
hearted Nato supporter to 
argue (as even some Conser- 
vatives and members of the 
defence establishment do) that 

as the expense of Trident 
makes it harder for us to 
maintain conventional de- 
fence at an adequate level, we 
cannot continue to affoid it 
The Alliance (though not the . 
Liberal Assembly) favours a 
third policy, which is to re- 
place the purely British deter- 
rent with a European one. 

Mr Kinnock proposes some- 
thing much more damaging. 
He intends also to require the 
US to remove all cruise missile 
bases from the UK and to 
forbid the stockpiling of any 
US nuclear weapons here. But 
that is not all. He declares, in a 
simulacrum of emotional hon- 
esty, that he would not wish 
the US to protect Britain with 
nuclear weapons. “I think it 
would be immoral to do so.” 

Since morality is indivisible, 
that can only mean that in Mr 
Kinnock's opinion Nato 
should abandon nuclear de- 
fence altogether, build up its 
conventional forces opposite a 
Soviet Union armed both with 
nuclear weapons and a su- 
perior weight of conventional 
arms, and (having put tempta- 
tion in Moscow's way) wait to 
see what happened. 

Of course, the US would not 
oblige Mr Kinnock by going 
non-nuclear, and he knows it 
That is why his policy is 
dishonest either because he 
relies on the Americans' not 
indulging in his kind of 
“morality” or because he is 
willing to put his country and 
Europe at the mercy of Mos- 
cow without saying so. 

But even assuming America 
maintained its defence of 
Europe, the task . would be 
much harder. Spain is already 
negotiating for fewer US 
nuclear submarine bases, and 
though NATO has cruise mis- 
sile bases in Holland, West 
Germany and Italy, the Left in 
all those countries would be 
encouraged by the Labour 
action to press to follow suit 

In the US itself the powerful 
lobbies which favour with- 
drawal to Fortress America on 

the grounds that Europe does 
not contribute enough to its 
own defence would be heart- 
ened. Britain would be far 
more estranged from -Nato 
than Norway and Denmark 
which, even though they reject 
nuclear bases, do not reject the 
nuclear umbrella. 

Mr Kinnock says he- would 
not wish to close all US bases 
capable of being used by 
nuclear armed aircraft or mis- 
siles. He would only get rid of 
the weapons. The US might 
still remain on those terms in 
the hope of a British govern- 
ment less inimical to the safety 
of the West 

But there is a more fun- 
damental question than even 
that to be asked. What would 
Prime Minister Kinnock do if 
the Soviet Union launched an 
attack on Nato in Western 
Europe which then escalated 
to some nuclear level? Would 
he hastily send a surrender 
signal to Moscow, warn Wash- 
ington against any nuclear 
retaliation and refuse to give 
any help to the country offer- 
ing the nuclear umbrella? Or 
would he belatedly agree that 
the nuclear-capable British 
bases could be used, having 
simply contrived to handicap 
the speed of action? 

What Labour is seeking now 
is a policy fundamentally dif- 
ferent from the “rene- 
gotiation” of Polaris on which 
Lord Wilson went to the 
country as a means of keeping 
his left-wing quiet. That sim- 
ply integrated our deterrent 
into the Nato command, 
whereas Mr Kinnock would 
disown a nuclear-armed Nato. 
But of course, Nato is a 
nuclear-armed alliance (until 
such time as multilateral nego- 
tiations determine otherwise) 
or it is nothing. Labour's 
policy would work towards 
making it nothing while 
pretending that it was still 
something. It is a dishonest 
and dangerous policy and the 
nation must understand what 
it entails. 


Mr Nigel Lawson, speaking in 
Washington last weekend at a 
meeting of the International 
Monetary Fund's Interim 
Committee, complained about 
“an almost unhealthy 
preoccupation, in the markets 
and in the Press, with very 
short-term concerns." Alas, 
however long-term the in- 
tentions. short term problems 
are what such international 
gatherings are all about. And 
judged by this harsh criterion, 
the autumn round of financial 
diplomacy has so tar been a 
marked failure. 

It is sterling rather than the 
dollar which has borne the 
brunt of exchange market 
turbulence in recent days — 
despite the substantially 
higher interest rales available 
in sterling. Three factors have 
turned the pound once again 
into the favourite speculative 
target: political qualms as the 
election draws nearer, the 
developing trade deficit, and 
concern about trends in pay. 

The fall in sterling is the 
natural corrective to the trade 
deficit. But pay trends remain 
an unsolved puzzle for the 
Government. And the elec- 
toral uncertainty premium will 
doubtless fluctuate as the elec- 
tion approaches. In the short 
term — again - the best that 
Ministers can do is to persuade 
the markets that these separate 

The British have enjoyed Na- 
tional Service ever since it 
ended. So too. by and large, 
has the .Army. Middle-aged 
businessmen now look back 
upon their two years with the 
colours as they might on 
boiled cabbage at school - 
something which, unpleasant 
at the time, was really rather 
good for one. The exhibition. 
-The Best Years of Their 
Lives’*, which has just opened 
at the Imperial War Museum, 
will be full of them. 

Curiously it is they, rather 
than their old enemies on the 
barrack square, who ever 
yearn for its return. The call 
for conscription to be reintro- 
duced is usually based upon 
the theory that military disci- 
pline would have a cauterising 
effect upon hooligans. 

The services by contrast 
resent this tendency to look 
upon their chosen ’profession 
as a form of penal servitude. In 
1955. about halfway through 
the National Service experi- 
ence. Field Marshal Lord 
Montgomery described 
conscription as an “essential 
factor of modern defence.” By 
nQW. however, the Armed 

problems are manageable and 
do not add up to a crisis. 

Such “jawboning” some- 
times works. When oil prices 
started to collapse in January 
this year, there was very strong 
pressure in markets for a 
second rise in base rates after 
the one point increase to 
12'/2%. But briefing about the 
relatively modest role played 
by the North Sea in the British 
economy helped to persuade 
financial traders that a further 
rate rise was unnecessary. 
Since then base rates have 
fallen to 10%. 

The scope for future falls in 
rates will depend very heavily 
on movements in interest rates 
elsewhere. But with real in- 
terest rates already at record 
high levels, inflation lower 
than for years and economic 
growth still hesitant, it is 
reasonable to ask whether 
higher rates are strictly nec- 

For the moment the 
markets' reply is that they are. 
And the failure of the world's 
financial leaders to patch up 
their differences and to renew 
the spirit of last year's Plaza 
agreement on orderly ex- 
change rates will do nothing to 

Yet if we follow the 
Chancellor's advice and raise 
our eyes to the medium term, 
the outlook is not unattractive. 
As the world adjusts to the 


Forces have long since learned 
to live without it and would 
regard the sudden influx of 
recalcitrant youth with deep 
and well-founded misgivings. 

Today's professional 
serv icemen are better educated 
and motivated than those 
reluctant anti-heroes of the 
'fifties. In an age of high tech 
and terrorism, this is just as 
well. In the unlikely event of 
war breaking out in Central 
Europe, there would be not 
enough time to teach the 
butchers, bakers and candle- 
stick-makers how to fly a 
fighter or launch a missile. 

One disadvantage of the 
change, however, is a shortage 
of reserves. Although it is 
assumed that the next war 
would be a very short one, it is 
worth remembering that such 
predictions have been made 
before and have turned out to 
be wrong. While the 
reiniroduction of National 
Service would be politically 
unacceptable, there is still 
scope for expanding the re- 
serves so that the forces would 
not run out of manpower. 

The Youth Training 
Scheme, as far as the services 
arc concerned, is now proving 

lower level of oil prices, the 
extra spending power which 
they have put in the pockets of 
the oil consuming nations will 
prove a powerful engine of 
expansion — just as higher oil 
prices proved a powerful en- 
gine of contraction in the 

If interest rates remain rel- 
atively high around the world, 
this reflects the continuing 
caution of investors who have 
only recently been through a 
period of very high inflation. 
Wringing out their inflationary 
psychology will take time. 

Major imbalances in the 
world economy remain. Ger- 
many and Japan enjoy large 
trade surpluses counterposed 
to America’s massive deficit. , 
But the large and continuing 
fall in the value of the dollar 
since Plaza will go some way to 
re-establishing a better bal- 

The Americans would like 
to see some of the adjustment 
occurring partly through fiscal 
expansion in the surplus coun- 
tries. But where Bonn and 
Tokyo were ready to agree to 
some depreciation in the dol- 
lar. they are not prepared to 
alter their own economic 
management And while all 
the adjustment is forced back 
onto exchange rates, the mar- 
kets are bound to remain 

a modest success. Since it 
began three years ago. 1 1,000 
teenagers have volunteered for 
YTS service in the ranks. Only 
3.000 have been acceptable — 
which is substantially fewer 
than the forces could accom- 
modate. On the credit side, 
however, as many as 60 per 
cent have opted to sign on as 
regulars at the end of their 
YTS training. Others who 
have returned to civilian life, 
have done ' so with fresh 
qualifications — and this num- 
ber should now be increased 
with the expansion of the YTS 
period to two years. 

The scheme is voluntary. 
But it involves young 'people 
in public service in a way 
which might otherwise be 
impossible. Whether some 
form of reserve commitment 
should be introduced is worth 
consideration — though at 
present the Ministry of De- 
fence is doubtful. Certainly it 
is worth further investment by 
the Government io bring it to 
the attention of school-leavers. 
Perhaps one day; they too 
might Icam to reminisce about 
Cauerick and Aldershot in the 
way their fathers do — and 
with much more reason. , 

From Lord Ashby, FRS 
Sir. Your excellent, leader on 
student loans (September 25) de- 
serves a postscript Student loans 
from public funds are no new 
thing in England. At leasi one loan 
scheme existed 60 years ago. In 
those days it sometimes happened 
that a school-leaver won a scholar- 
ship or exhibition, worth £80 to 
£100 a year, to a university, but . 
still could not afford io take up the 

If the school-leaver lived in 
Kent he (or she) was lucky, for in 
the 1920s the Kent County Coun- 
cil offered, out of the rates, loans 
to promising students who other- 
wise would not have been able to 
go to a university. The loans were 
free of interest. On graduation the 
student received a letter from the 
Kent Director -of Education with 
congratulations and an invitation 
to suggest how the new graduate 
would like to repay the loan. 

This imaginative initiative on 
the pan of a local authority 
opened the gate to higher educa- 
tion for several young people who 
otherwise would have found that 
gate dosed. I know; 1 was one of 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

September 25. 

From Dr Helmut Weigel, 

Sir. The decision of the university 
vice-chancellors to give“relucrant 
support” for a mixed system of 
grants and loans to students, as 
reported in your columns i 
(September 25), prompts me to 
offer a suggestion which is a 
variant on the much-criticized . 
loan scheme and is based on 
personal experience. 

Assessment for the purpose of : 
the award of a degree to students r 
in universities and colleges is “ 
largely based on attainment and : 
proficiency, but the effort made, 
i.c.. die hard work that has gone 
into the study, is. quite correctly. - 
rarely, if at all taken into account. : 
l would like to suggest therefore 
that the loan may be linked with 
the effort made. The principle of 
my suggestion is as follows: 

If students were to receive a 
State loan, ihey could then also 
elect to submit themselves to a 
continuous assessment of their 

- effort. If! at the end of each term,.' 
the university or college concludes 
that the student has. irrespective 
of his attainment and proficiency. 

- maintained throughout the term a 
high standard of effort, then the 
loan for that term .is . converted 
into a grant, - i.e.. it is no longer 
repayable. ' 

.. 1 believe that a loan scheme 
based on this principle is sound 
both politically and educationally. 
Also, it should not be beyond the' 
universities, our finest institu- 
tions. to work out details which 

Poor spelling 

From M r R. J. O. Meyer 
Sir, Mrs Joanna Tanon Brown 
(September 22) has a father- or 
mother-in-law who has passed on 
the “bad spelling” syndrome to 
her husband, who in turn has had 
a child with this problem. • • 
Having spent more than 50 
yeare in the field of remedial 
education I will stick out my neck 
and suggest that all three of- these 
intelligent persons are dominantly 
sinistral (especially as regards the 
eye) and were not taught to read 
phonetically but by “took and say 
word sheet” methods. 

These are excellent for the 90 
per cent of the population wjio are 
dextral and therefore able to 
combine “word recognition 7 ’ with 
reading, but fetal for the 10 per 
cent who are sinistral in that when 
they “look and say" a difficult 

Drunken driving 

From Dr Alex Comfort 
Sir. There is a move afoot to 
encourage the public to report 
drunken drivers. Apart from pub- 
licans. who might well be reluc- 
tant. the best-placed citizen to do 
this without the suspicion of 
malice is- the radio-equipped 

Most such reports in England 
come from taxi drivers. In Amer- 
ica. where I was for'several years 
an emergency citizen-band mon- 
itor. calls from truckers and 
motorists reporting drunken or 
erratic driving were a main part of 
traffic, and did much for proven- ■ 
lion and the Highway PatroTs - 
arrest rate. An offender would be 
called-in at one point by a driver, 
followed up the coast from base 
station- to base station, and find 
the Highway Patrol waiting for 
him at a suitable point: ; 

One of the most cost-effective 
ways of increasing police effective- 
ness would be to monitor (or 
secure volunteers to monitor) 
Channel 9 and to increase the 
number of vehicles equipped with ' 
citizen-band. The Department of 
Trade and Industry might even 
permit the use of cheap AM 
(amplitude modulation) equip- 
ment to approved individuals 
solely for this purpose. 

Iam. Sir. etc 

The Windmill House. 

The Hill. Cranbrook. Kent 

Operations delayed 

From Mr M. H. Young • 

Sir. Dr BJ. Bouehlon (September 
24) considers it is disgraceful that 
some people should have to wait 
years for such operations as hip 
replacements, r disagree. As an 
orthopaedic surgeon 1 was taught 
my craft by surgeons who never 
performed the operation. It was 
not available. 

Hip replacement surgery' did 
not evolve through the benign 
providence of the NHS. It resulted 
from the vision and ibe commit- 

wQuId allow it to be operated both 
easily and fairly. 

My own experience dates back 
some four decades at the univer- 
sity in Aachen. There was no 
resource for grams whatsoever. 
Even tuition fees had to be paid in 
full. However, wc could elect to 
have our efforts assessed. If the 
professor concluded that our effort 
. in Ills course was of the standard 
acceptable to him. he could waive 
the tuition fee for the course. 

It was much harder to have the 
tuition fees waived than to pass 
the degree examination. The in- 
come of the professor derived 
partly from the tuition fees for his 
course, which each student had to 
pay. He was not easily persuaded 
to waive the tuition fee as it meant 
a lowering of his income. 

Yours faithfully. 


Royal Holloway and Bedford New 

Department of Chemistry. 

The Bourne Laboratory. 

Egham Hill. Egham. Surrey. . 
September 26. \ 

From Mr P. E. T. Douben ■ 

Sir. With disappointment I read 
that the vice-chancellors of the 
universities have capitulated 
under the pressure to change the 
student oant system into, a mix- 
ture of grams and loans, 
supposingly m order to increase 
student numbers. 

As a Dutch ex-university stu- 
' dent I have experienced a mixed 

- system as operated in the Nether- 
1- lands until recently. For a typical 

- Dutch student the repayments of 
the interest-free loan amount to 

. the equivalent of over £65 per 
month over a 10-year period.' I 
" regard the amount of money as a 
j considerable burden. 

Although the details of the 
• British system have yet to be 
: revealed, the aim to increase 
student numbers in this way 
seems unrealistic. People who 
7 -have the means to send their 
children to university nowadays 
will still be able to do so under a 
revised system of awards. How- 
ever. those who can't afford it now 
won't be capable in the future as 
their financial burden after the 
study will be even greater under 
the new scheme. This is not 
particularly an incentive to study. 

Recently, the Dutch have gone 
even further a system of smaller 
grants mixed with loans subject to 
interest has been introduced. This 
will further worsen the situation 
for children of lower-income par- 

I do hope that the pending 
revision' of the British grant 
system is not a first step into the 
direction the Dutch have taken. 
Yours faithfully. 


40 Histon Road, Cambridge. 
September 25. 

' word they do not read it accurately 
but look at the end or middle of it, 
switch back to the beginning and 
have only a hazy recollection of 
the correct order of letters. 

The late King George VI of 
blessed memory was a sinistral 
bad speller. Hans Andersen was 
dominantly left-eyed and an 
appalling speQer, as was the king 
of dyslexia himself, the late Dr 

You. Sir. I have noticed have 
greatly improved your spelling of 
late and I sometimes wonder 
whether this is because recent 
changes in your staff may have 
caused the disappearance of one or 
two left-eyed compositors. 

Yours faithfully, 

R. J. O. MEYER. 

Director of Remedial Educ ati on, 
Byron College, 

PlaJeo Psych ico, 

Athens. Greece. 

Cast upon the waters 

From Mr David Fj'sh 
Sir. PHS (September 23) refers to 
the unfavourable attitude of .the 
Severn -Trent Water Authority to- 
wards scattering family ashes in 
the river. 

My edition of Foxe's Book of 
Martyrs records, in a footnote, 
that John Wycliffe's body was 
exhumed and burnt in 1384. 
thirteen years after his death, and 
the ashes thrown into the river: 

The Brook (says (Thorn as J Fuller, in 
words which must not be forgotten) 
did convey his ashes into Avon. 
Avon into Severn. Severn into the 
narrow seas, they into the main 
ocean. And thus the ashes of 
Wydifte arc the emblem of his 
doctrine, which now is dispersed 
over all the world. 

Yours feithfuUy. 


Wydifte College Junior School. 
Rycford Hall. 

Stonchouse. Gloucestershire. 
September 26 

Curses of the age 

From Mr Frank Seely 
Sir. In the 1920s it was said that 
the worst curses of that' age were 
concrete, constipation ana corru- 
gated iron. What three head the 
list today? 

Yours etc. 


4 Drax Court. Middle Rascn. 

Near Market Rascn. Lincolnshire. 
September 22. 

merit of a few dedicated individ- 
uals. notably the late Sir John 
Charnlcy. Since his pio nce er h ig 
work in the 1 960s hip replacement 
has developed from an experi- 
mental procedure to one of the 
more commonly performed and 
successful operations —a develop- 
ment which could not have been 

Arthritis of the hip is a common 
affliction and increases hr in- 
cidence with advancing age. We 
have an ageing population. The 
need for an operation which has 
been shown to relieve svmmoms 

All eggs in one 
nuclear basket 

From Mr David Laurent Giles 
Sir. Whether we shall have four 
Trident submarines or three, as 
suggested by the “towpath letters” 
(report. September 15), there are 
two things- upon which all are 
agreed: that only one of our 
Trident submarines will- be on 
patrol at any one time; and that if 
the position of that submarine is 
known to the Soviets our whole 
independent deterrent policy will 
be in doubt 

We are told by the MoD pundits 
thaL since our- submarines are 
much quieter than the Soviets' 
and our Polaris submarines have 
never heard a Soviet submarine . 
“trailing” them, therefore the 
Soviets cannot have known the 
precise position of our Polaris 
submarines; nor will they be able 
to know the position of our 
Trident submarines. 

However reassuring that may be 
for us officially secretive British, 
the current attitude in the USA is 
quite different For 1 have just 
returned from a few days in 
Washington, and particularly in 
naval circles, where I found great 
and growing concern about the 
great strides made recently by the 
Soviets in the silencing of their 

Admiral Watkins. US Chief of 
Naval Operations, recently said: 

Of all Soviet Navy developments 
over the past decade, the improve- 
ments in their submarine force have 
been the most striking. 

The authoritative US Defense 
Week magazine has also said: 
while the Soviets are still behind 
the US in quieting technology, the 
. swiftness with which they have 
caught up has alarmed many anti- 
submarine warfare experts. 

If, as seems possible, the Soviets 
do soon catch up with the West in 
submarine silencing techniques, 
what guarantee can now be given 
to the long-suffering and heavily 
paying British pub lie. that there is 
" no chance that the Soviets will 
know ibe precise position of our 
single patrolling Trident sub- 
marine and thus, possibly, be in a 
position to destroy it. 

Yours faithfully, 

DAVID GILES. Director, 
Thomycroft. Giles & Associates Ltd. 
24 Seymour Road. SW 18. 

Football hooligans 

From Colonel A. L King-Harman 
Sir. We m the voluntary services 
■ stand in the front line, together 
with the police and the ambulance 
service, when football hooligan- 
ism erupts and the Luion-Millwall 
. match two 'years ago gave us' in 
this county an experience that we 
would not willingly wish to 
undergo again. * 

Whilst the police and other 
Government services have a statu- 
tory duty to serve the public, our 
duty in Si John involves a moral 
obligation. 1 do not believe that 
any of us in the order would wish 
to withdraw our service to mem- 
bers of the public, nor indeed the 
hooligans themselves, because we 
disapprove of those football clubs 
who put- financial, gain above 
crowd control. Nevertheless, 
many of our units are now so 
overstretched that we have to turn 
down requests for first-aid cover. 

Where this is the case. I suggest 
that football clubs which neglect 
their duties to the public should 
not assume that their need for 
first-aid cover will necessarily take 
' . precedence over other calls on our 
services. It would, of course, be a 
difficult decision for any commis- 
sioner to take and L for one, am 
delighted that. I shall not be put in 
this position. 

The stand by the Chairman of 
Luton Football Club needs nation- 
wide support. 

I am. Sir. your obedient servant. 



St John Ambulance. Bedfordshire. 
34 St John's Street. Bedford. 
September 28. 

VAT on church repairs 

From MrJ. .-L P. White 
Sir. Although 1 sympathise with 
Sir Edward Ford (September 25) 
that relief from VAT cannot be 
obtained for the repair of churches 
and historical monuments, the 
position is not all gloom, as his 
letter implies. 

An amendment to the 1984 
Finance Act relating to listed 
buildings, a category which will 
include many old churches, allows 
“approved alterations” to be zero- 
raicd when made to “protected 
buildings”. VAT is unfortunately . 
still imposed on repair and 
" maintenance work. Guidance 
notes are available from local 
VAT offices (reference 708/1/84). 
■Perhaps this knowledge may 
encourage those responsible, es- 
pecially for church buildings: to 
see beyond mere repairs and 
actively consider whether the 
buildings could not be enhanced 
by alteration to the benefit of 
future generations. 

Yours faithfully. 

J. A. P. WHITE (Chaimum. 
Cheltenham Parish Church Build- 
ing Development Committee), 

145 Fail-view Road. 

Cheltenham. Gloucestershire. 

dramatically is great and it is 
gnawing. Bill orthopaedic sur- 
geons are not made overnight. 

• If students I teach now choose 
to pursue a career in orthopaedics, 
they can expect to spend 10 to 15 
years acquiring ibe experience and 
qualifications necessary' for ' a 
consultant appointment This is 
regrettable. It is not disgraceful. 
Yours sincerely. 


University Hospital of Wales. - 
Department of Orthopaedics. 

Heath Park. Cardiff ’ 


SEPTEMBER 30 1863 


A paragraph which, we published 
yesterday gave an account of some ■ 
proceedings dose to the county 
town of one of our home counties 
which would have disgraced a fair 
in the wildest district of Ireland. . 
On last Sunday night, about a mile ' 
from Guildford, thirty persons. . 
who were nothing more thin quiet : 
passengers on a public high road, .. 
were seriously injured, and were _ 
placed in some danger of being 
killed. Everybody — man or woman 1 
— who happened to pass through a 
little village named St. Catherine's, . 
on the Guildford and Portsmouth 
high road, had, as it seems, to run 
the gauntlet of a shower of stones, 
from 400 roughs and vagabonds. 
The miscreants Lined the roads oo 
both sides, entrapped every peace- 
able passenger between them, and - 
then set upon him with a senseless 
and savage violence. Ladies had 
their bonnets, shawls and other 
articles of their dress torn from 
them in rude assaults, and one had 
her eye nearly cut out as she turned 
round to appeal to her assailants to 
desist. Gentlemen had their coats 
tom off their backs and received 
bad wounds on their legs from 
kicks; and some persons who tried 
to avoid the danger by taking a 
circuitous route by the river-side 
were pursued by the mob and 
forced into the river. One unfortu- 
nate gentleman, who was unwise 
enough to attempt to reason with 
the mob. was at once silenced and 
put to flight by a shower of stones: 
his house was attacked, all the 
p aling s pulled-up. and with these 
and all the wooden railings that 
could be collected at some cuttings 
on the London and South-Western 
Railway “a huge bonfire waa 
lighted up, which was seen at a long 
distance on the surrounding hills of 
the county." 

It makes matters worse that 
there does not seem to have been 
any ground either of political or 
religious animosity, for such 
wholesale savagery. The Irish rows 
to which we have compared this 
disturbance are often roused by 
some passionate partisanship, but 
this riot appeals to have been due 
to nothing but wanton mischie- 
vousness mid cruelty. It seems that 
last Sunday and the ensuing 
Sunday, the 4th of October, are 
“fair" days, on which the publicans 
by ancient custom draw beer all 
day long, even during prohibited 
hours: and some 'comparatively 
harmless play has been customary, 
in the shape of throwing chestnuts 
at the passers by, and in some 
similar rough practices, which, the 
• rustics have taken for 
“merriment". But on this occasion 
some roughs from Guildford took 
advantage of so tempting an 
opportunity, and turned what has 
generally been mere rustic horse- 
play into uncivilized brutality. 

We are not going to trouble 
ourselves to pay any attention to 
the stupid miscreants who enacted 
this disgraceful scene. It would be ~ 
as much waste of ink and paper to 
address ourselves to them as to 
appeal every week to the “better 
sense" of thieves and pickpockets. 
The whole blame of the outbreak 
must be laid on the local authori- 
ties and the police. The fault is 
entirely theirs for allowing the mob : 
to get such head. There are roughs 
enough everywhere, if they were 
given free play, to endanger the . 
public peace and to make passen- 
gers afraid of their lives. A scene 
which occurred at the Great West- 
ern Railway station on the morn- 
ing of a recent prize-fight, of which - 
a description appeared in these 
columns, was sufficient to show 
that we have a number of powerful 
and unscrupulous ruffians among 
us in London, who are only 
restrained by fear from grosser 
outrages than distinguished the 
days of Dick Turpin* The streets of 
London, would be impassable at .. 
night in a week if Sir RICHARD 
MAYNE and his civilian army 
were in abeyance. Any comity town 
and its neighbourhood could fur- 
nish 400 rougjis for a row. But it is 
the business of the authorities to 
prevent their having any opportu- 
nity for an outbreak. Such a scene 
as that of last Sunday night shows 
that Guildford is peculiarly unhap- 
py, not in its inhabitants, but in its 

authorities. . . . 

Rural eyesores 

From Mrs S. Pro hen 

Sir. All too soon the leaves will be 
falling from the trees and hedge- 
rows. and then the monstrous 
black plastic mountains of silage 
(usually held down bv old car 
lyres), hay and straw will become 
even more of an eyesore. 

Perhaps black plastic has su- 
perior protective properties to 
green plastic, but surely something 
: could be manufactured ihat ~ 
.doesn’t create such a blot on our - 
beautiful English countryside? 

Yours feithfullv. 


Kasani. - 

Eckington Road. . .-1 


Gloucestershire. i 

September 26. 

To the point 

From Mr Justin Murphy ’ v 

Sir. Colin Read (September -27) v < 
asks the faic of all the TSB pins. - 
. Having spem Iasi week removing 
them from cheques and applica- 
lion forms. I am constructing: • - 
voodoo dolls of all those who used - .L 
staples; with my still scarred : • r 
fingernails I am putting the pins to- j - • 
good use. - : ^ ' 

Yours faithfully. . . ... 

J. MURPHY. • \ j : 

39 Amherst Road. - 

Ealing. W13. • 

September 27. 


I Md be 
i or 
. ridian 
: toton, 
iknd a 

. prrow 

1 jttionp 

; ngmj. 
r p? in ’ 


! {rived 
: Jdhi's 
: joved 

■I fit* 
. uriie 






September 29: By command of. 
The Queen, the Viscount Long 
(Lord in Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 




September 29: The Princess 
Margaret Countess of Snowdon 
was present this evening at a 
Chanty Gala Concert held at the 
Barbican Centre. 

Her Royal Highness pre- 
sented the 1986 Wavendon 
Allmusic Awards. 

Mrs James Stevens was in 

Sky at night in October 

morning upon the departure of attendance:. 


Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 
and bade farewell to Their 
Majesties on behair of Her 

September 29: The Prince of 
Wales this evening dined with 
the Agricultural Ministers of the 
European Community at the 
Bclsficld Hotel. Bowness-on- 
Windermere, Cumbria. 

His Royal Highness, attended 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson, travelled in an air* 
craft of The Queen's Flight. 

Scptemeber 29: Princess 
Alexandra this afternoon named 
RFA Sir Galahad, the new 
Lifeboat of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution at Tenby, 
West Wales. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 

in an aircraft of No 32 Squad- 
ron. Royal Air Force NonholL 
Lady Mary Mumford was in 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr James Collar! will be 
held at St Colombo's. Pont 
SirecL today at noon. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr David Boyce Combe 
and Miss Fiona Helen Thomson 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Com- 
mander Anthony Combe and 
Lady Mary Combe, of Grove 
Cottage. South Creake. Norfolk, 
and Fiona, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Derek Thomson, of 
Invcrcighty House. Forfar. 

Mr R J. Allen. RM 
and Miss KJLA. Bernard 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert John, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs RJ. Allen, of 
LordshilL Southampton, and 
Kate Juliette Anne, elder da tigh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs E. Bernard, of 

Mr M.R. Cooper 
and Miss A.E. Fewtrell 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Rodney, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs H. 
Cooper, of Gold Coast. Austra- 
lia. and Alison Elizabeth, only 
daughter of the late Mr J.E. 
Fowl roll and Mrs PJ. Fewtrell. 
of Hutton. Essex. 

Mr M.W. Hinton 
and Miss H.M. Petre 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs Michael Hinton, of 
West Burton. Sussex, and Har- 
riet. only daughter of Judge and 
Mrs Francis Petre. of Bures. 

Mr TJ. Luckhnrst-Matthews 
and Miss J.E. Anderson 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, elder son of 
the late Mr D.l. Luckhursi and 
of Mrs E.A. Luckhurst-Mat- 
thews. of Tihwonh. Bedford- 
shire. and Janice, only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs R_A. Anderson, 
of Vancouver. Canada. 

Mr E.A. Paget-Brown 
and Miss H.L Shouler 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward Andrew, son of 
Mr and Mrs K.G. Paget-Brown, 
of East Horsley. Surrey, and 
Helen Isabel, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs G.W. Shouler. of 
Taunton. Somerset. 

Mr S.R. Pr other oe 
and Ms TJ.E. Gilbert 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Rhys, only son 
of the Rev P.C. and Mrs 
Prothcroe. of Bunyan Manse. 
Bedford, and Tara Janet 
Elspcth. eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs W.D. Gilbert, of Mel- 
bourne. Australia. 

Mr M.A. Skelton 
and Miss MA. Spinks 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.H. Skelton, of Sedgwick 
Park. Horsham. Sussex, and 

By Our Astronomy 

Mercury will reach greater 
elongation (24 deg) as an eve- 
ning star on the 2 1 si but is 
unlikelv to be seen a little to the 
north of the much brighter 
Venus on the 18th. 

Venus reaches greater bril- 
liancy (minus 4.6) on the 1 st but 
like Mercury survives the sunset 
by not much more than half an 
hour. A little to the south of the 
thin crescent Moon on the 6th. 
if you want to look for these two 
planets, do so early in the 

Mars is now scitling down to 
an almost permanent setting 
rime of 22h40m and is moving 
into Capricomus. Moon near it 

on the 14th. 

Jupiter is a bright evening 
object in Aquarius. Setting be- 
tween 03h and Olh during the 
month. Mood near it on the 

Saturn, though above the 
| horizon for an hour or so after 
sunseL is rather lost in the 
: twilight. Moon near it on the 


Uranus will be selling at 
about 22h30m this month but is 
hardly observable. 

Neptune, though 40m behind 
Uranus, is also barely 

The Moon: new. 3dI9h 
(eclipse): first quarter, 1.0dl3Iu 
full I7dl9h (eclipse): last quar- 
ter. 25d22h. The total edipse on 
the 3rd is not observable from 
Europe but only from North 
America and the north western 



M jr 


Miriam, elder (laughter of Mr pan of the Atlantic Ocean. The 
and Mrs EH. Spinks, of BeF total eclipse of the Moon on the 
vedere. Kent. 1 7th will start soon after the 

Moon rises over the British 
MflrridOPC Isles. Totality is from I8h41m 

IViiU I MgCS (o | 9h55m and a,,, event ^ 

Rear-Admiral F.B.P. Brayne- end at 21h07m. 

Nicholls Algol: approximate times of 

and Mrs M.M. Scott evening minima are Id! 9b. 

The marriage look place on midnight of the 18th, and 
September 19. 1986. at Hot 21d21h. 

Springs. Virginia. United States. Summer rime ends on the 

Rear-Admiral F.B.P. Brayne- 

and Mrs M.M. Scott 
The marriage look place on 
September 19. 1986. at Hot 
Springs. Virgin ia, United States. 

of Rear-Admiral F.B.P. Brayne- I 26lh when 2.00am BST will 

Nicholls and Mrs M.M. ScotL become Olh GMT. 

Mr T M- Criley Mention was made last 

and Miss C.S. Hershman month of the "watery” 

The marriage took place in constellations and one of these 
London on September 23. of Mr is Cetus, the whale or sea 
Theodore Michael Criley and monster in large groups now 
Miss Candida Sharon commgupin the south east Ins 
Hershman. The honeymoon not very bright and its stars do 
will be spent in Ireland. not stand out from their 

Mr N-S- Foden-Psttinson 

and Miss E.L. Sou than 11 

Sr« si Birthdays today 

Andrew's Church. Shifhal. of Sir Stanley Bailey.60; the Rev 

On our map, which does not 
go below fourth magnitude, the 
two stars on the extreme left are 
Alpha (Men Scar) and Gamma. 
Just above them are three 
fainter stars making with them 
an irregular pentagon and the 
head of the creature. 

This little group is quite easy 
to see on a dear dark night and 
so is the irregular quadrilateral 
below the E of the word Equa- 
tor. It is a part of ibe body and 
half way alone the neck is Mira 
— and you will not find it! 

This is the famous variable 
star. **the wonderful", with a 
period of about 330 days for half 
of which it is not visible to the 
naked eye. This month it is due 
to reach its minimum. At maxi- 
mum it is usually a bright third 
magnitude but can be brighter. 
That was in March when it was 
unobservable in daylight sky. 
Mira is a large pulsating “red 
giant" of low temperature. 

Mars was referred to as 
having an almost permanent 
setting time: why? As indicated 

Birthdays today I Luncheons 

Mr Nicholas Foden-Pattinson Gordon B 
and Miss Louise Southan. Belstead. 54 

The bride was given in mar- ward Burge 
riage by her brother. Mr N.P. Fawcus.71; 
White was best man. 52: Mr A. E. 

A reception was held at the R. Hacker, 
home of the bride, and the Innes. 80: ft 
honeymoon will be spent 65: Profess 
abroad. Jones. 79; Si 

Mr MiM. Hattrell 

and Miss KJVf. Shipsey £ i" 

The marriage took place on 
September 20. at the Church of Donald Swai 
St Etheldreda. Ely Place, of Mr [PCtlirC 
Martin Hattrell, younger son of _ . . 

Mr and Mrs Jonn Hattrell, of Foundation 
Sianhoe. Norfolk, and Miss , 1 “S 0 ?; 0 ®!, 
Katherine Shipsey. elder da ugh- Lor 
ter of Dr and Mrs Mervyn Ff s,detl a * 
Shipsey. of Beckenham, Kent. 

Nuptial Mass was concelebrated JPg neia at 
by Father Jock Dairymple and Exhibition la 
Dom Edward Corbould. v TT lc ' 

The bride, who was oven in 
marriage by her father, was yronow alst 
attended by Miss Frankie Rossi, PIP.& wa * s 
Miss Jane Shipsey and Miss Milton Key 
Rosemary Hattrell. Mr Charles Corporation. 
Hattrell was best man. T nr/i 1V1 

Gordon Banin. 66; Lord 
Belstead. 54: General Sir Ed- 
ward Burgess. 59: Sir Peter i 
Fawcus.71; Mr Staffan Gadd, ! 
52; Mr A. E. S. Green. 47; Mr A. i 
R. Hacker. 48; Mr Michael i 
Innes. SO: Miss Deborah Kerr, ! 
65: Professor F. Llewellyn- 1 
Jones. 79; Sir Nevilll Mou, 81: 
Mr lan Ogjlvy. 43; Mr Michael 
Powell. 81; Miss Laurie Purden. j 
58: Mr Stewart Steven. 48: Mr 
Donald Swann. 63. ; 

HM Government 
The Secretary of State for the 
Home Department was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at Lan- 
caster House m honour of M 
Charles Pasqua.- Interior Min- 
ister of France. 

Royal Over-Seas League 
The High Commissioner for 
Botswana was entertained at 
luncheon yesterday at Over- 
Seas House. St James's, by Mr 
Maneck Dalai, chairman, and 
members of the central council 
of the Royal Over-Seas League. 

Lecture I of die Royal Over-Seas League. 

Tech no fogy for sd™ aad Receptions 

Lord LJoyd of KiTgerran, QC, Manchester literary and Philo- 

presided at a Foundation for sopbical Society 

Science and Technology meet- The Lord Mayor of Manchester 

ing held at the Energy World -and the Lord Lieutenant of 

Exhibition last night Sir Henry 
Chilver welcomed the guests to 
Milton Keynes and Dr G 
Gronow also spoke. The eve- 
ning was sponsored by the 
Milton Keynes Development 

Lord Mayor 

^ D.BX. Royle Alderman David Rowe-Ham 

and Miss C.B. Service has been elected Lord Mayor for 

The mamage took place on u, e city of London for the 
September 6 at St Philip s coming year. He will be admit- 
Ep'scopal Church. Durham, icd to office on November 7. 

North Carolina, of Mr David -r ; 

Royle. son of Mr and Mrs John AppOlUtmCUtS 
Royle. of Claygate. Surrey, and 
Miss Cornelia Service, daughter Mr John Trench, 
of Mr W.S. Service. Jr. and Mrs Queen's Bench Master 
C.A- Service, of Durham. North Master of the Supreme 
Carolina. United Stales. Queen's Bench Divisioi 

Mr John Trench. Deputy 
Queen's Bench Master, to be 
Master of the Supreme Court, 
Queen's Bench Division. 

Greater Manchester and Lady 
Downward attended a reception 
held last night at Manchester 
Town Hall. Dr N.P. Mallick, 
President of the Manchester 
Literary and Philosophical Soci- 
ety. was host 

Order of St Michael of the Wing 
The Marchioness of Salisbury 
attended the patronal festival 
yesterday of the honorary Brit- 
ish college of the Portuguese 
Order of St Michael of the Wing. 
The Michaelmas Day service 
was held at St Dunstan's-in-the- 
West and a reception was held 
afterwards on board the Head- 
quarters Ship Wellington, by 
permission of the Master I 
Mariners' Company. 

King's College London 
Prolessor Stewart Sutherland, 
Principal. presided at a dinner 
given by King's College London 
and King's College London 
Association held fast night at 
Gray's Inn in honour of Lord 

Institute of Credit Management 
The Lord Mayor was among the 
speakers at the annual dinner of 
the Institute of Credit Manage- 
ment held at the Mansion 
House Iasi night. Mr Roger Cork 
was in the chair and Judge Pigot, 
QC. and Sir Kenneth Cork, 
president of the institute, also 

71st Yeomanry Signal Regiment 
Colonel Digby Thompson was 
in the chair at the annual dinner 
of the 71st Yeomanry Signal 
Regiment Officers’ Dining Club 
held last night at the Cavalry 
and Guards Club. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a fine + 15ft VAT 

(minimum 3 lutes) 

AnnouncmrcnK. auihcniioicd by the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender. ma> he win 10 : 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 

or Irlrphuncd lclri 
ethers only) id. 01-411 3 

Annnunremcnts can he received by 
ictcphone between ‘J.oOam and 
5 .Vipm Monday lo Friday, on Siliir- 
da» bciovcn V.QUam and 12 noon. 
(01-411 4MB Mir). For pu Mm l ion l he 
liilhmuns day h> I 30pm. 

rir ini < nun and Social Page £0 • Hm 
+ 15% VAT. 

( inn and Social Page annouccmcnu 
nn not be accepted h» telephone, 
tiuiuincs lo: 01-822 8953 
(aiK-r lOJUJam). or send lo. 

1 PMWnjpao Sheet. Lnada El 9XH. 

Please allow ai leas 48 boars before 

W,iiih % r and pfjv Ini \r ruler Inlo 
liinlMalioti Tlw wuril truly n rrjd> but 
I he llrMl fs hisik 

SI Maik Id 3H 


ALfAMMItV On September S71h. lo 
Sauna uier Jowphi an d Prior. a son 
liljm RaptuK-1 

BATESON On 28ih Smcmtx-r. to Ju- 
ki iner wiiken) and william, a 
vrrmid vw Ourln William 
BLAND On SrpternlK-r 24lh. to Ftolrt- 
na inee Bonus’) and Robert, a son 
Alexander John Robert, a Dr outer lo 

CANNON On 341b September 1986. 
lo rrrdtli and Julie Cannon, a 
daiMtiicr. Lauren xiclona. a sister 
lor Cnx lri 

CORBETT On September 26Ui. at 
Queen cnarlone's. to Diana ttrte 
Vial her/ damn) and Rupert, a 

CROSSLEY On 25th September . 10 
Theresa tnec Shorn and Terry, at St 
Hi-Iier Hospital. Carshotlon. a son. 
pjinrV Barry Joseph, a brother for 
Bern ad nte 

GRAHAM On Sept ember 27 Lb. al SI 
Teresa’s. Wimbledon, lo Caroline 
and Johnny a son. Maxwell William 

GREENWOOD On September 361b. ai 
Hjrroqjlr. lo Elaine tnee Holmes I 
and Peter a son John Richard Nelson 
HASKARD On September 28th 1986 
lo Kathleen mee Kcuzmani and Dori- 
an. a son. Luke 

K EWELL on September, sem, to 
Caroline tnee Robertson) and Mi- 
chael a son. Thomas Patrick 
KISBY. On 27lh September, at Lister 
Hospital. Carolyn <nec 
HtcW and Edward, a daughter. Lor 
na Catherine 

MELLOTTE On 28 September to 
Marvbeii and Roderick, a son. Ollier 
James Kenneih Roderick a brother 
lor Georgina. Loubc and Alice 

MURRAY - On Saturday. Z7Ui Septem- 
ber 1986 at Bam lo Lucinda titee 
Bowen and Michael, a daughter. 

SCOTT ■ On September 2Sh. lo Gillian 
(nee Fortune) and John, a son. 

STRONO On Srpirmbcr 381 h. lo 
nuilndi- inrr BiUmoti and Si- 
■■ran a itiiiwiff Lurj’ Anna, a 
si-ler f« Lmnu 

TREVELYAN on September 26th lo 
Anna and Tom. a daughter Victoria 
Rowan na. a sister for Clare. 

W AIMER On 21SI August, to Paula 
Lindsey (nee Irwin) and Ronald An- 
thony. a daughter. Rebecca 

WILLIAMS ■ On September 17Bi. at 
Hlnchlngbrooke Hosptlal. lo Grant 
and Karen inie Stewart), a son. 
Edward Burkhin Grant. 


AHKELL On September 26th. Rupert 
husband of Susie, father of Harriet 
and Kale. Cremation private. Service 
of Thanksgiving, st James Church. 
Bounon on Thursday. 2nd October 
11.50am. Family Dowers only, dona- 
Uons If wished to the Princess 
Margaret Hospital. Scanner Appeal 

ATKINSON - On 28th September 
1986. peacefully at home to 
Fein ham. Patrick Norman, aged 66. 
dear husband of CMana and much 
toted father of Edward and 
Stephanie. Sen ice at Chichester Cre- 
matorium on Friday. 3rd October at 
3.30 pm. No flowers please but dona- 
tions if desired to me west Sussex 
Macmillan Sen Ice. e/tt Reynolds Fu- 
neral Directors. 27 High SI. Bognor 
Regis. West Sussex Tel 0243 86474G 

BEAMAND - On 27th September, aged 
73 years. Maureen, of 17 Kirkwood 
Plan-. 8 run Ion Mark. Newcastle 
Upon Tyne, beloved wife of the late 
Charles William Frederick, dear 
mother of Michael and Lesley, and a 
loved grandmother of Gary. Friends 
please meet for service al St Aldan's 
Church on Wednesday. Oaober isl 
at 2 . 1 5pm. followed by cremation 
west Road ai 3pm. Family flowers 
only but if desired donattaos in Den 
may be made to St Oswalds Hospice. 
Regent Avenue. Gosforth NE3 1E2L 

BECKETT Roland Charles - On 18th 
January 19B6 at heme. Flat 3. 6 
Brunswick Square. Hove. East Sus- 
sex Aged 79 yean. Much loved 
brother of Mrs Ivy Annie Watts. 

BURNETT - Unexpectedly on Friday. 
26th September 1986. at Gartnavel 
General HospllaL Mary Stewart, 
widow of the late CJ.R. Burnett. Be- 
loi ed Mother of Susie. Aileen and 
Joyce and grandmother of Joanna. 
Kay and Andrew. Funeral service at 
Clydebank Crematorium. North 
Ddnotlar. on Wednesday. 1st Octo- 
ber. at 11-00 am. 

CHILD On 2dth September. 1986. 
Margaret mee M acUnnoni. aged S3, 
a Crocknam Hill and Rode. Private 
Cremation followed by Service of 
Thanksgiving, at Holy Trinity 
Church. Croc kh am Hill. Kent, on 
Wednesday. 39ih October at 3 pm. 
No flowers please, but donabons to 
The Notional Trust for Scotland. 3 
Charlotte Sauare. Edinburgh- 

CWVER9 On 27th September In Mel- 
bourne Lt Col (retired) MH Chlven 

CORE On September 28th at Tor- 
nuiy. Devon. Peacefully. David 
James, beloved husband of the late 
Frances Mary. Funeral Service at 
Torquay Cemetery Chapel. Barton 
Rd. Torquay, an Monday. October 
6lhat 2pm. Enquiry lo Torbay & Dis- 
trict Funeral Service. Wellswood. 
Torquay. Tel: 10803) 22447. 

EDWARDS On September 29th peace- 
fully in his sleep at home al La Tour 
de Peibr. Harold Edwards, aged 88. 
beloved husband of Margartl & Uie 
late Henrietta, devoted father of , 
FTan'cais. Funeral at AO Salma. 
Vevey on Thursday 2nd October at 

CULUCK. Ella - On September 26th. 
at Noble's Hospital. Jste Of Man. Fu- 
neral Kirk Michael. Wednesday. 1st 
October 2pm. Flowers lo Crennefo- 
Garage. Tower St. Ramsey. LO.M. 

FRENCH - On September 271b. 1986 
peacefully tn St Stephen’s Hospital 
Chelsea, after a short illness. Ruth 
Helen French, dear mend and part- 
ner of Alex Morrow. Funeral service 
private. Donations If desired to The 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund. Lin- 
colns Inn Field. WC2. A Memorial 
Service to be announced later. 

GREENE - On 28th September Audrey 
Blanche, peacefully al Whitehall 
Lodge. Norwich Hi her 94 Ui lfear _ 
Cremation at Sl Fatih's Crematori- 
um. Norwich on Thursday 2nd 
October at 1-30 pm. Flowers may be 
sent to Peter Taylor. Funeral Ser- 
vices. 85 Unihank Road. Norwich, 

HARMS On September 25th. peaceful- 
ly at home. Hilda Rase, widow of 
Retfnatd. beloved mother of Peter 
and GUllan. much loved by John and 
CaryL and Grand Children Tom. All- 
son. PauL Joanna and Susan. 
Funeral on Thursday October 2nd at 
si John The Baptist Church. 
fUdenham. at 2.30 pm. No flowers 

HAVMES On September 271A 1986. 
prarcfulty at home won her family, 
after a long Illness born wrth such 
great courage. Ida Cameron Hawkes. 
much loved wife, mother and gran- 
ny Funeral private. October IsL 
WMAH - Suddenly «n 27th September 
1986. Michael Hogan to.. CM C.. 
beloved husband of Patricia, dearly 
loved brother of Mary and Sheila 
and loving unde to Kate and David. 
Burial will be in Dublin. RIP. Memo, 
rial Service tn London lo be 
announced. AO engulriej to A France 
and Son- Tel 01 406 4901. 

JOKES - On 27th September. Sandra 
Mari', peacefully at Lanpdone after a 
long Illness. Funeral al Liangarron 
on Wednesday. 1st October at 2.30 
pm. No flowers. Donations please for 
NSPCC and Cancer Research to Wil- 
liam Sevan. Old Gloucester Road. 
Ross on Wye. 

KEY On 26U1 September. 1986. 
peacefully al Oueen Elizabeth Mili- 
tary HtnpttaL Woolwich. Mater 
General Berthoid Weils Key C.B.. 
D.S.0-. M.C.. aged 90 yean. Late of 
the Stkh Regiment Indian Army. 
Husband of (fie late Affeen 
Dunstenine and much loved father 
of Hopette and veronica. Private ere 
maiten. followed by a memorial 
sen tee al the Parish Church of St 
Clement. Sandwich, on Thursday. 
2nd October, at 2.15 pm. Family 
(lowers only, but donations If desired 
lo the Army Benevolent Fund, c/a 
The Bren Funeral Service, 20 Hfcji 
Street. Sandwich. 

LUCY- Henry Frauds PETER de 
Camborne. Peacefully, afler a long 
Illness, bravely bourne. Peter. Be- 
loved husband of Dorothy (Tommy) 
loving father of BH1. John and Diana, 
a dear raiher-in4aw and much loved 
grand father of their 12 grandchil- 
dren. Funeral service at Sainr 
Mary 1 *. Langley, al 3 pm on Thurs- 
day 2nd October 1986. Family 
flowers only, but donations If de- 
sired. lo Imperial Cancer Research 
fund c/o Pickard and Beale, funeral 
Dtrrclore. It. Brewer street. Maid 
stone. Telephone (Maidstone) 

MAJUITY ■ On 20th September. 1986 
at Winnipeg, peacefully after a 
bravely borne illness. Dr Arthur S 
Malory. M-B-. F JJ.CO.C- brother of 
James Hollybrook. Colemans Hatch. 
Hartfleld. East Sussex. 

MALLOCK - On September 26th. sud- 
denly at home. Brigadier Christopher 
Courtenay, late R.A.. Darling hus- 
band of Wendy, and beloved tether 
of Susan and Michael and of ids five 
grandchildren. Cremation private. 
Thanksgiving service on Friday. Oc- 
tober lOUi at 2 -30pm. al AH Saints 
Church. Stanton-St-Bemard. No 
flowers. Donations If desired to the 
British Heart Foundation. 

MEADOWS - On September 27m. 
1986. Brian Anthony dearly loved 
husband of Jane, peacefully at home, 
after a tong Illness borne with cour- 
age. and cheerfulness. Funeral takes 
place at 1.00 pan. Tuesday 30fh Sep- 
tember. at The Liberal Jewish 
Cemelery. Pound Lane, wuiesden 

N0RWAT5 On September 28m. 
peacefully at Mount Edgcumbe Hos- 
pice. William George Much loved 
husband of Sonia, of Edmondscote. 
Penwartha Coombe. Perranporth. 
Funeral at AH Hallows Church. SL 
Ken. Truro, on Tuesday. September 
30th at J ,00 pm. followed by private 
cremation. No flowers please. Dona- 
tions lo Mount Edgcumbe Hospice. 
St. AustelL or The MacMillan Ser- 
vice. i Cornwall. TTegoffs Road. 

ORR On 20Ui September 1986 peace- 
fully ai his home In Eastbourne. 
Sussex. John Leslie aged 94 years, 

husband of the lata Gladys Marie and 
father of John Goldie of Foxge Cot 
lage. lichen Stoke. Airesford. Hants. 
Funeral service al Eastbourne 
Crematorium on Friday 3rd October 
al 2.30 pm. No flowers but if desired 
donations to British Heart Founda- 
tion. 57 Gloucester Place. London 

PARBURY - On September 27th 1966. 
Kathleen Optur Theodora F.RJLS.. 
Scuta cress and Authoress. In her 
86Ui year, at Alnwick Infirmary. 
Formerly of St. Bede's. Longstene 
Close. BeodnelL Northumberland 
and Castle Kirk Lodge. Holy Island. 
Service In SL EMU's Church, 
BoadncUL on Friday. 3rd October at 

10 30 am followed by interment at 
Holy Island. 

PARRMGTON - On September 28th 
1986. Jean, al home- Borrowin'. 
Thtrsk. Funeral Leake Church. 

1 1 30 am. 3rd October. Family flow- 
ers only Cremation Private. 

POWELL. Jocelyn On Thursday. 
25th September, of Edgbaston. Uni- 
versity of Birmingham. and Park Rd, 
London. Suddenly after short illness 
In Birmingham. Funeral 2.30pm 
Thursday. 2nd October. AMeriey 
Parish. Gtos No flowers. Donabons 
Marta Curie Memorial Foundation. 
28 Beigrave Sq. 3W1 , , 

PHIPPS - On September 28th. 1986. 
peacefully after a long nineas. Linda 
Muriel of 1 1 Athenaeum Lane. Bury 
St Edmunds, aged 70 years. Wife of 
the late Oswald Hiram (Peter) 
Phipps. The funeral service takes 
ptarealSL Edmundsbury OthedraL 
Bury St Edmunds, on Monday. Octo- 
ber 6th at 12 noon followed by 
cremation. Family (lowers only 
please, but donations ir desired, for 
the St Nicholas Hosolce Appeal, nay 
be sonl c/o L Fulcher Ltd. 80 Whiting 
Street. Bury SI Edmunds. Suffolk. 

R UNYARD - On September 28th 1986. 
peacefully at his home In Bourne- 
mouth. after a short tUnesa. Leslie 
E.C.. aged 68. Dearly loved husband 
of Ann and a devoted father, grand- 
father and brother. Funeral service 
Friday. 3rd October. 10.30 am ar ; 
Bournemouth Crematorium. Flow- 
ers may be sent to Dertr-ScxttL 
Portman Lodge Funeral Home. 

SMART -On September 26th. 1986 In 
the Evelyn HospnaL Cambridge. 
John Smart RSc.. PhJ3_ D-Sc. (Ed- 
inburgh). M_A. (Cantab J. F.R.F.E.. 
Emeritus Fellow of Darwin College. 
Cambridge, husband of Elspeth. ei- 
der son of the tele Mr and Mrs John 
Smart of EdinbunRi- Cremation al 
Cambridge Crematorium at 9.30am 
on Thursday. 2nd October. No 

WILCOCK - Doris Mary, on September 
27th. peacefully In her sleep. So 
loved by Harold and Susan. Private 
Funeral. Memorial Service, at 
Wherwefl Parish Church, on Friday 
October 3rd at 12 noon. Donations If 
desired, to MacMillan Nurses. 


GARDNER - There wfB be a Memorial 
Service for Professor Dame Helen 
Cardner In the University Church of 
SL Mary the Virgin. Oxford, on Sat- 
urday. November 22nd. al 2J50 p-m. 
RAYMOND - A Memorial Service of 
Thanksgiving for (he life of MKhael i 
Geoffrey Raymond, a Director of 
The Baltic Exchange and of Btgard 
Brothers and Buawell. who died on 
Friday. 18th July 1986. will be held 
al SI Helen s. Btthopsgaie. at ll.os 
am o n Thursday. 9th October 1986- 
*teele - a Memorial service for Ml- , 
chart James Steele of Saudi Arabia. 
Crowthorne and Ortsh. will be held , 
on Saturday, 4th October 1986. 
l.oopm ai me Church of Si Paul's. 
Reading Rd. Wokbigiiim. 
WAKEFIELD - A Service of Tbanlts- 
Bhiag for Roger Cuthbert (Jumbo) 
Wakefield. cxm,q„ ojb.e.. win be 
brid to Uta Chapel of Si, Mkhart and 
St. George. SL Paul's Cathedral. 00 
Tuesday. 7Ut October at 11.00 am. 


CMANHER Philip Hugh. 30th of Sep- 
tember 1983. In fond memory 



YORKE : ASSHETOM ■ On September 
30Ui- 1926. at St Leonard's Church. 
Downturn: John Edward Evelyn 
Vorkc to Eleanor Asshrton. , 



Moderate Labour leader in London 



The diagram ihowv in# brighter stare Dial will be above- the horizon In the lati- 
tude of London al 23h it t pnu at the beginning. 22ti HO pm) In the middle, and 
am i9 pnu at the end of me monUi- local mean time. At places away from die 
CrwnwKti meridian U>e Greenwich times at which the diagram applies are later 
than the above by one hour for each 16 deg west at Greenwich and earner by a 
tike amount if I lie place be east. The map shouM be tamed so mat the horizon 
Ihc observer Is racing (shown by me words around the circle) b at the bottom, 
(he zenith being at the centre. Greenwich Mean Time, known to astronomers as 
Universal Time and expressed in 24-hour notation, ts used in U>e accompanying 
notes unless otherwise staled. 

in the caption under the star 
map a given aspect of the sJcy 
occurs two hours earlier for each 
month later. So at a fixed time 
constellations in the south as* 
pcct will have moved westward 
by 30 deg. 

In the middle of the month 
Mars will be in Capricomus. In 
the middle of November 
Capricomus will have set, but 
the eastward motion of the 
planet is at present quite fast 
and by then it will be in 
Aquarius and have escaped the 
necessity of setting. It will 
continue to behave like this for 
the rest of the year. 

Our monthly map is drawn 
for 23h on the 1st. By the end of 
the month it will apply to 21 h 
and the September one (ignoring 
Mars and the Moon) will apply 
to 19h. By then the docks will 
have changed and it will be 
7pm. a possible lime to take the 
children oul Twilight will be 
over and the Moon wul not have 

Sir Reg Goodwin, Labour 
leader of the Greater. London 
Council from 1973 to 1977. 
died yesterday at the age of 78. 

A quiet, unspectacular man, 
he lacked ibe lough. Tamma- 
ny-siyle worldli ness of a Her- 
bert Morrison no less than the 
insidious charm of a Ken 
Livingstone. Yet he did a 
worthy job in his day, and was 
admired for his competence 
and integrity by many of the 
council's officials. 

Politically he was a moder- 
ate. but towards the end of his 
career at County Hall modera- 
tion was going out of fashion. 
Eventually he left the Labour 
Party though without giving 
his allegiance to any other. 

He will be remembered fora 
number of specific achieve- 
ments. not least the introduc- 
tion of free off-peak travel for 
pensioners. His work for boys’ 
dubs also was enduring, and 
apart from the war. he served 
the National Assodarion of 
Boys' Cubs for almost forty 

Reginald Eustace Goodwin 
was bom in S treat ham, on 
July 3. 1908. and educated at 
Strand School, London. From 
1926 to 1934 he was a tea 
buyer in the City. He was also 
for five years voluntary leader 
of the Oxford and Bermond- 
sey Boys' Club, becoming first 
assistant secretary of the 
NABC in 1934. He was its 
general secretary from 1945 to 

In 1932 be had joined 
Bermondsey Labour Party, 
and in 1937 was elected to 
Bermondsey Borough Coun- 
cil. on which he served until 
1 965. for 1 8 years as its leader. 
In 1946 he was also elected to 
the LCC and was soon identi- 
fied by Sir Isaac Hayward as 
one of his young standard- 
bearers. After 1964 he had a 
seat on the successor GLG 

But he only really came into 
his own in local government 
with the second GLC election 
of 1967. The Labour Party was 
routed and a Labour rump 
met to choose a new leader. 
The guile and adroitness of 
Hayward as LCC Labour lead- 
er in the first session of the 
GLC had left Goodwin in the 
anonymity of the finance 
Committee where he seemed 
happy. A shattered group, 
almost all with an LCC back- 
ground. began to experience 
for the first lime since 1933 
the problems of an opposition. 

In 1970 when Labour made 
up lost ground by recapturing 
ILEA, he moved reluctantly 
into a more aggressive pose. 
Knighted on the recommen- 
dation of Harokl Wilson after 
the 1967 GLC defeat, he 
settled for being called Sir 


After Labour's 1973 victory 
at the GLC he led a large 
majority which showed the 
tensions already manifest in 
the Labour Party nationally. 
He put his name to a pro-Reg 
Prentice petition and encour- 
aged several members who 
later went off to form the SDP. 

The signs of increasing left- 

wing influence in London 
distressed him. His favourite 
optative after returning from 
the interminable meetings of 
the London Labour Party's 
executive was "Bless us and 
save us". His closest associate 
was ihc London Labour chair- 
man. Robert Melhsh. whose 
Bermondsey parliamentary 
constituency was his on the 
GLC. but whose political style 
he did not share. . * 

Another Labour defeat in 
1977 saw him again elected as 
Labour leader, but even stron- 
ger blasts were blowing from 
the Left. He pinned his feith 
on getting a moderate to 
replace him to hold the dyke, 

Ken Livingstone, however, 
sal behind him. delivering on 
occasion root and branch 
attacks on the structure of the 
GLC. Goodwin never replied, 
only quivered. Few ever at- 
tacked him directly, for he 

always looked vulnerable. His 
unexpected resignation as 
leader in 1980 was concealed 
from all his colleagues include 
ing the Chief Whip. 

His successor. Andrew (now 
Lord) McIntosh, was ousted a 
vear later by Ken Livingstone 
in a coup following (he next 
Labour victory in 1981. Good- 
win failed to secure nomina- 
tion for that election even in 
Bermondsey. It was a strange 
end to his career in London 

In a rare flash of wit when 
he took his place on the back 
benches of the GLC. he said 
Tm glad to be here because 
fewer of my friends are behind 
me." His disenchantment 
with the new Labour Left 3 
finally expressed itself in his 
letting his membership lapse 
in 1982. 

He married, in 1942. Penel- 
ope Mary Thornton. She sur- 
vives him with two sons and 
one daughter. 



Prime Minister 

The Prime Minister was host at 
a dinner held yesterday evening 
at 10 Downing Street. The 

Major-General B. W. 
"Billy" Key. CB. DSO, MC, 
who died on September 26 at 
the age of 90, had a career 
spanning two world wars and 
three frontier campaigns, in all 
of which he distinguished 
himself as a most courageous 

Berthold Wells Key was 
bom on December 19, 1895, 
the son of a doctor. After 
education at Dulwich College 
he joined 45th Rattrays Sikhs 
in 1914 on the North-West 
Frontier of India at the age of 
18. During the first World 
War he was engaged in very 
heavy fighting in Mesopota- 
mia. where he was wounded 
and awarded the MC 

After taking part in the Arab 
Rebellion and fighting in Kur- 
distan he saw active service in 
Afghanistan in 1919 where he 
found himself in the 15th 
Ludhiana Sikhs - the battalion 
be was to command some 17 
years later. 

Indian Infantry Brigade at 
Kelantan, Malaya, in 1941, 
when the Japanese landed on 
his IlCknile front He was 
constantly in action, first with 
that brigade and later in 
command of II Indian Divi- 
sion during the campaign. 

During the North-West with no air and little artillery 
Frontier operations of 1930 support. 

Key was mentioned in des- After the fall of Singapore, 
patches and. after he had Key endured unbelievable 
passed Staff College, his pow- miseries and indignities as a 
ers of leadership, coupled with prisoner of the Japanese, but 
great gallantry, earned him the his studied cheerfulness was 
DSO for operations in Waziri- an inspiration to his fellow 
sian and against the Faqir of captives. 

{pi. Meanwhile his only son was 

Pariv in ioao he was a kiUed in Italy, commanding a 

of sahtaMS” 

officers which flew from India m Jfij-Jjj* 1 

fened u! India arid Pakistan in 
M (947. Key was GOC Lahore 

^^tS^ilhO^na- S^ , Eg^ n8U ’ eP “" jab 

he ' P ° f tro ° PS took great 

trom India. pleasure, when well into his 

He commanded the 8th ’70s. in winning the General's 
dian Infantry Brigade at Cup at Royal St George’s, 
slantan, Malaya, in 1941, Sandwich, in two consecutive 
ten the Japanese landed on years, being runner-up in the 
s 120-mile front He was third, 
nstantly in action, first with He married, in 1917. Aileen 
at brigade and later in Dunsterville. who died in 
mmand of II Indian Divi- 1951. He is survived by two 
)n during the campaign, daughters of the marriage. 


Mr J. Leslie Oit, a pioneer 
of professional management 
consultancy in Britain, died at 
Eastbourne on September 20. 
He was 94. 

John Leslie Oit was bom on 
May 26. 1892, at Airdrie, 
Scotland. He was educated at 
Morrison's Academy, Crieff 
Glasgow High .School and 
Glasgow University where he 
graduated in mechanical engi- 
neering in 1911 

At the outbreak of the First 
World War he was commis- 
sioned into the Highland 
Light Infantry. By the end of 
the war he was a major in the 
Royal Artillery. But be was 
invalided home after being 
gassed and spent several 
months recuperating. 

He then joined a small 
engineering firm, but the ef- 
fects of the gassing caught up 
with him in prolonged boots 
of pneumonia, and be was 
advised to go to warmer 
dimes. As a freelance produc- 
tion engineer he went to South 
Africa, and then to New 
Zealand and Australia. Re- 
stored to health, he returned 
in 1926. 

Now widely experienced, he 
was hired as a management 
consultant by the -British 
Bedaux Company. Here he 
found his niche and made 
important contributions to the 
company's pioneering assign- 
ments in production engineer- 
ing and manufacturing 
management. Within two 
years he was assistant general 

In the mid- 1 930s, British 
Bedaux began to lose then; 
early recruits who moved into 
fresher pastures as principals 
in new practices. Onr himself 
joined Lyndall Urwick to 

form Urwick Orr and Part- 
ners, the first British profes- 
sional management 
consultant practice, providing 
sendees not only in produc- 
tion but also in wider fields, 
particularly marketing, office 
administration and manage- 
ment accounting. 

During the war years, with 
Urwick away on National 
Service to the Treasury and to 
the War Office, Orr operated 
as sole chief executive respon- 
sible for all the partnership's 
services to wartime industry. 

He involved himself in 
many brandies of engineering, 
but especially in aircraft pro- 
duction. supervising the entire 
production process from fac- 
tory layout, quality control 
and workforce relations. His 
strength was his abundant 
common sense which, com- 
bined with an analytical mind, 
he successfully applied to new 

That Orr was less known in 
person stemmed only from 
attitude and choice. A quiet 
and private man, he eschewed 
the spotlight arid never ap- 
peared as a speaker on any 
public platform. He continued 
fully active in body and mind 
until his retirement in 1962. 

Id his youth he was a 
dedicated chess player and 
found relaxation in listening 
to classical music, preferably 
on the wireless. He steadfastly 
refused to play golf maintain- 
ing that he had seen too many 
colleagues mesmerised by the 

After the death of his wife. 
Gladys Marie, in the 1960s, he 
continued living quietly alone 
in Eastbourne, largely fending 
forhimseJf He is survived by 
their only son. 

Science report 


Mrs Dorothy Richards, who 
died in Cambridge on Septem- 
ber 24 at the age of 92. had, as 
Dorothy Pillcy. made a name 
in journalism and climbing 
well before she married I. A. 
Richards in 1926. 

Theirs was a close and 
happy partnership in Cam- 
bridge. China and Harvard, 
and above all in the moun- 
tains. In Climbing Elays 
(1935). she chronicles the 
great years when they made 
many first ascents in the Alps, 
notably the North Ridge of the 
Dent Blanche. 

Though the Richardses had 
later to reduce the scale of 
their climbing, their enthusi- 
asm for the mountains and for 
meetings with fellow climbers 
never weakened. After her 
husband's death in 1979. she 
lived on in the charming 
house next to Magdalene to 
wtuch they had retired ia 

She made, and kept, a host 
of friends, widely varied in age 
and interests; she could exas- 
perate them, but never lost 
their loyalty and affection. She 

j Ve ^. 00 patties, company 
and talk. 

Enterprising to the end, 
defying age and infirmities, 
she saw in this last New Year 
at a climber's hut on Skye, 
sitting up until 3 a_m. over 
whisky and mountain talk. 

Mr James Greig, a New 
Zealand potter and expert in 
Japanese ceramics, three of 
whose pots were exhibited 
alongside those of Kei 
ru/iwara, died on September 
25. He was 50. 

Laser scanner spreads the Word 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Facsimile reproductions of tfcos- 
sands of ninmntated medieval 
manuscripts, faithful In colonr to 
the originals, are being prepared 
for the Vatican Library ia Rome. 

They include copies of thou- 
sand-year-old documents and 
miniatures adorned with jewels, 
reproduced by a laser system 
linked to a computer analyser 
and colonr separating machine, 
which produces the films for 
printing. Before making a 
reproduction, the originals are 
unbound and rep ai r ed. 

Scholars have used the rich 
collection of the Vatican for 
centuries. But regardless of die 
care with which the books are 

So a 20-year project has started 
to make facsimiles that will also 
enable the collection to be 
accessible to a wider public. 

An electronic stodio has been 
created in the Vatican by sci- 
entists and pr i nters specializing 
In fine art work from the Kodak 
company and BeJser Publishing, 
of Zurich and Stuttgart. 

At tiie heart of the process is a 
laser scanner which displays 
colour analysis on a video 
screes, on which corrections can 
be made to match the eventual 
print with the original. 

Since it is too risky, and 
difficult, to use the laser scanner 
on- the original documents. 

handled, wear and tear occurs, copies arc first made with huge 

photographic transparencies. 
These are then scanned by the 
laser system. 

One of the most adventurous 
reproductions done so far H to 

5*5* a £ ws, “'*e edition or the 

Coda Benedicts!, which was 

SSSf*"*? 1058 1087 

ui the Monte Casino monastery. 

, e °* its colours come from 
seuu-prcoons .stones inlaid in 

the document. 

derations from the 
diminish the 

f *5? , fi “«hed reproduc- 
««K to sch 0 *,^ ^ pn|ofs 

,hen compared 

SL?* L 0 ®? 1 for «wecdo« 

j*f«re a fin, rersion is i|» 


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A little 

\i : ;i« iii'ii!' 

,\ iiai's your 

\ nunil^ 

It may not be entirely appro- T (l | CT i 

pnate to thank Heaven for an X X til 

atheist, but I shall do so 
anyway since if it were not for 

John Mortimer and his Para- Lueieil PfccflrrA 
due Postponed <ITV) die an- £ 7** ls » barro 

tnmn schedules would be a KOyal Museum 

* SRMS£!Br Qmwtoy 

is, we can rely on a regular 
Monday night- ticket to R Vjmi Chat, / 
Mortimer s Thames Valley, oHSIW/ 

where robust characters move John Farleloh 
with grace and wit through an A , - & 

increasingly enthralling plot. ASnmolean 

Museum, Oxford ' 

Simcov should hare left his 

brewery shares to the rapa- John Bnrkland 

cious Tory minister Leslie " UCKJall U 

Titmnss seemed of little con- W fight 

sequence. Now it is stealthily n-u" 

assuming the proportions of “OilUII Cjaiiery, 

“ eter S? 1 ■* "* Henley-on-Thames 

taken hack in time to meet — J 
young Titmuss. an awkward 

ws tripling who is humiliated by Enterprise in art exhibitions i: 
the neigbboorbood jetmesse not necessarily these days tht 
dorie at a Young Conservative prerogative of the Londor 
dance. The only person who galleries — iC indeed, it evei 
hates the blue bloods more W3S ~ And this is particular lj 
(ban Titnmss is the daughter lru e when it comes ic 
of the valley's most prominent rediscovery and revaluation 
aristocratic family, and by the Jr° u ore Just as likely to find s 
end of last night's hoar this half-remembered name re 
hideous pair bad manipulated defined in Canterbury. 01 
their parents into giving their Oxford, or Henley-on-Thamet 
blessing for a wedding by as you are in the middle of tin 
pretending that the bride was West End. At present there it 
pregnant an interesting selection ol 

The series is packed with look-again show's not too fai 
lovingly created period detail from London, and. while il 
to which the director, Alvin would be too bold to say that 

m Rakofi adds a luxurious ve- any one of them is worth half a 

* neer of glamour. Rakoff ev- <teyofanyone'siime.certainIy 

identh- has a special rela- » you think, just seeing the 
tionship with the clerk of the you might be 

weather. His landscapes are interested, then none of them 
suffused with a hazy golden 15 l,keI y 10 disappoint you. 
glow in which the Thames The centrepiece of the 
glints with a steely blue. Canterbury Festival, on the 

Mortimer has a curious art side, is a show devoted to 
trick of viewing his characters that (except in antiquarian 
with enormous affection but bookshops) half-forgotten figr 
with absolutely no pity. They ure Laden Pissarro, and 
are almost all unattractive particularly his influence on 
individuals but nonetheless English an. This chimes very 
sympathetic, and there are well with the theme of the 
some memorably unselfish festival as a whole, which is 
performances. Jill Bennett's this year the interrelation 

d withered beauty. Lady Grace, between French and British 
is a masterpiece of malevo- cultures: other exhibitions, on 
lence. Zo£ Wanamaker as her for the duration of the festival 
lumpish daughter almost ri- (until October 18) or longer, 
b rates with cussed defiance include such subjects as The 
and David Thretfall's Tit- Art of Silk-Weaving and fhe 
mass, last seen practising Huguenot Tradition, From 
upper-class diction by mimick- Delacroix to Dubuffet (which 
lag the radio cricket com- compares the independent 
mentators, is plainly a mon~ prims and the book-work of 
ster in the malting. French artists during that 

Celia Brayfield 

Hilary Finch reports 
on the strange jury 
decision at the Liszt 
Piano Competition 
in Budapest 

Galleries: new exhibitions out of town 

A chance to revalue 
forgotten talents 

Byam Shaw/ 

John Farleigh 
Museum, Oxfo rd 

John Bnckland 
Bohun Gallery, 

Enterprise in art exhibitions is 
not necessarily these days the 
prerogative of the London 
galleries — if indeed, it ever 
was. And this is particularly 
true when it comes to 
rediscovery and revaluation: 
you are just as likely to find a 
halt-remembered name re- 
defined in Canterbury, or 

Oxford, or Henley-on-Thames 

as you are in the middle of ihe 
West End. At present there is 
an interesting selection of 
look -again shows not too far 
from London, and. while it 
would be too bold to say that 
any one of them is worth half a 
day of anyone's time, certainly 
if you think, just seeing the 
name, that you might be 
interested, then none of them 
is likely to disappoint you. 

The centrepiece of the 
Canterbury Festival, on the 
art side, is a show devoted to 
that (except in antiquarian 
bookshops) half-forgotten figr 
ure Laden Pissarro, and 
particularly his influence on 
English art. This chimes very- 
well with the iheme of the 
festival as a whole, which is 
this year the interrelation 
between French and British 
cultures: other exhibitions, on 
for the duration of the festival 

art resident in England. But in 
most ways the connections 
between the two countries are 
most dramatically illustrated 
by the Pissarro show. 

If wc say that Luden Pis- 
sarro is only half-forgotten, 
that is because the half that is 
'generally remembered is the 
avid correspondent with his 
father Camille. But unless one 
is interested in lurn-of-the- 
century private-press books in 
Britain il is highly unlikdy 
that the name calls up any 
very concrete visual image. In 
this' show the book-work, with 
its exquisite colour woodcuts, 
docs undoubtedly come out 
best even Lucien’s early 
paintings, before he had what 
was obviously a quite debil- 
itating stroke in 1897. are not 
all that remarkable: there is a 
surprising touch of almost 
primitive awkwardness about 
them. But. as soon as he is 
laced with the technical dis- 
dplincs of some graphic pro- 

wood-engravings of John 
Farleigh). There does not 
seem to have been a proper 
exhibition devoied- to Byam 
Shaw since his death in 1919. 
when he was only 46. He too is 
more than hal /-forgotten: in 
his case the phantom lingers 
on because the school he co- 
founded still bears his name 
and is still going strong. Any . 
further impression probably 
comes from his book-illustra- 
tions, mostly to Romantic 
poetry and in a crisp and 
ebullient style which is not so 
readily distinguished, at a 
glance, from that of near- 
contemporaries like Edmund 
J. Sullivan. Garth Jones and 
Henry Qspovat. Bui was he 
actually more distinctive than 
the illustrations might lead us 
to believe? 

The show at the Ashmolean 
is at once highly enjoyable and 
deeply puzzling. Anyone com- 
ing into the room unbriefed 
could safely be defied to guess 


3- / 

cess, then his talent pulls itself whether all the paintings there 
together, he takes artistic de- displayed were by the same 


cisions (and generally the right 
ones) and creates his own 
delicate, pastoral world with 
extraordinary sureness of 

We can see. too. that the 
influences go both ways: in the 
engravings especially, he is 
clearly and fruitfully in- 
fluenced by the Pre-Rapha- 
elites. and by his new English 
friends Shannon and “Riqu- 
etie". as well as spreading the 
word, from a parental horse's 
mouth, about what French 
Impressionism really meant, 
for the benefit of a number of 
English painters who fondly 
thought they were Impression- 
ists but in Lucien's opinion 
had somehow got Impression- 
ism all mixed up with Re- 
alism. The later paintings are a 
bit of a let-down, though they 
have their moments — a view 
of the railway in south Lon- 
don. for instance, happily 
recalls his father's essays in the 
same genre. But it is fascinat- 

anisu and if so what their 
correct chronological order 
must be. In Silent Noon (an 
illustration, of course, of Ros- 
setti) in 1893 we see Shaw 
edging over towards Im- 
pressionism. yet in 1900. with 
The Boer War (a sad-looking 
lady standing by a slow- 
moving stream), the profusion 
of greenery is rendered with 
immaculate, slightly hallu- 
cinatory precision such as can 
hardly have been seen in 
English an since the early days 
of Pre-Raphaelitism itself. 


• «= 7„“ -*S . •, 

ATf. 1 '.* 

More* Ihan a hut (tithe AestiieticMovementui ^amSknr's The Queen of Hearts 

natory precision such as can something we can only start to 
trdly have been seen in ask when we have seen a one- 
jglish an since the early days man show like this — hence 
Pre-Raphaelitism itself. their immense usefulness. 

- . „ . . . There is no doubt on that 

SSL* score.abou. Jobn. Farleigh. 

(until October 18) or longer, same genre. But it is fescinat- 
include such subjects as The ing to have the chance of 
Art of Silk-Wearing and the seeing them at all and being 
Huguenot Tradition, From able fo make up our own 

dashingly theatrical paintings, 
more history as seen by Beer- 
bohm Tree than history takcai 
neat, of Ruskinian landscapes, 
and, perhaps his most distinc- 
tive form, of head-on full- 
length figure compositions 
like The Queen of Hearts or 
the portrait of bis fiancee 
Evelyn Pykc-Notl, which have 
more than a hint of the 
Aesthetic Movement about 

ing to have the chance of them. And in all these forms 
seeing them at all and being he is highly proficienL The 

Delacroix to Dubuffet (which 
compares the independent 


Much the -same might be 

prints and the book-work of - said of the show of Byam 
French artists during that Shaw at the Ashmolean until 
period), and Six French October 26 (accompanied un- 
Women Painters, all of whom til October 19 by a show of the- 

only trouble is that, seeing 
them all together, we cannot 
help wondering, whether the 
real Byam Shaw was ever 
quite persuaded to stand up 
and be counted. 

That, needless to say, - is 

though it is intriguing to see 
his measured progression in 
his engravings from conser- 
vatism to modernity, without 
ever seeming to change direc- 
tion radically or be any less 

John Bnckland Wright, 
now. a collection of whose 
paintings, drawings and prints 
is to be seen at the Bohun 
Gallery, Henley-on-Thames, 
until October 9. is a more 
arguable case. He and Farfeigh 
were close contemporaries, 
and both are best known for 
their prints, especially their 
book-illustrations. But. oddly, 
Buckland Wright developed 
in the opposite direction: his 

earlier works, such as the 
woodcut illustrations for the 
Halcyon Press Keats Sonnets 
(1927) and Poe stories, are 
much more modem-looking, 
with their distinct bows to 
Cubism and the French Deco 
designers, than his later and 
better-known work for the 
Golden Cockerel Press. 

This may have been partly 
the medium (usually etching 
or copper-engraving) and 
partly the subject-matter, for 
he tended to get assigned 
discreetly and quite classily 

London Life but did not quite 
dare. However, when not 
involved with the naughty- 
bm-nice, he still remained a 
formidable designer, os one 
can see from the later wood- 
engravings for Matthew Flin- 
ders’s Narrative (1946). AH of 
rhis we can observe for our- 
selves from the Bohun Gallery 
show, and in addition get a 
rare chance to see some of his 
few oil paintings and drawings 
not related io the engraved 

As with Byam Shaw, only 
time will tell whether a one- 

■ ■ r _ nine wui icii wiicuin a wk- 

?n f man show of this sort is going 

well-endowed nymphs in 
skimpy nighties. It is. I sup- 
pose. very much a matter of 
taste, but I always find his 
work in that form just faintly 
sniggery and under-plain- 
cover, all too clearly destined 
for the libraries of those who 
would have liked to take 

to elevate or depress the 
reputation. But. whichever 
way the judgement goes, in the 
arts any notice is finally better 
than no notice at all. 

John Russell 

the prize 

Mocsari: rare talent 

In the year of the 175th 
anniversary of his birth and 
the centenary of his death, 
Liszt Ferenc has been cele- 

Concerto. Mocsari chose the 
First, and brought to it a 
crackling volatility. Consid- 
erable risks were taken, and 

^ bra ted energetically in every justified. The hands would 
comer of his native Hungary, dissociate themselves from a 

Festivals have proliferated, 
party-political style portraits 
have been hung over the altar 
in the Basilica of Esztergom. 

gleaming volley of octaves by 
kicking away at the end of a 
phrase: then the pianist as 
hero would as suddenly step 

and the original building of aside to eavesdrop on the 
the Conservatoire reopened in orchestral soloists. Mocsan's 

Budapest as a museum to his 
memory. The climax came in 

imagination as accompanist 
was one of the most significant 

the finals of the 24th Inter- aspects of his musicianship. 

national Liszt Piano Com- 
petition. The anticlimax came 
when, after 16 days of heals 
and semifinals, involving 42 
young artists, no first prize 
was awarded. 

The jury was an unusually 
well-balanced team of critics. 

- artists and professors, includ- 

* ing Joan ChisseJL ZoluSn 
Kocsis. Gyorgy Kroo and 
Harold Schonberg. The be- 
wilderment and fnistralion at 
their decision was almost 
tangible on that last night jn 
the Liszt Academy. For in 
Karoly Mocsari. who was 
placed second, the com- 
petition had that rare creature: 
a pianist whose daring and 
originality equalled his musi- 
cal intelligence and technical 

A loiLslc-haired 23-year-old 
wild boy from north-east 
Hungary, Mocsari shuffles on 
to the platform as if playing 
were, the last thing on his 

♦ mind. There were entre- 
preneurial murmurs about the 
need to send him to a finishing 
school: but it was precisely the 
unfinished and the unpreaici- 
able in his playing which 
marked him out from his 
fellow competitors. His Liszt 
B minor Sonata (the com- 
pulsory piece for the semi- 
finals) came at the end of a day 
of six. and vci actually made 
me want to hear still more. 
The opening notes compelled 
near-mesmeric attention m 

^rihe audience: and the work's 
‘huge span held within il a 
plethora -of shades and. sha- 

The competitors, partnered 
in the finale by the Budapest 
Philharmonic conducted by 
Andras Ligeti, had the choice 
of Liszt's First or Second 

Despite a jury decision 
which, in its impenetrable 
secrecy and ostensible ped- 
antry. does little for the 
reputation of piano com- 
petitions, Mocsfiri carried 
away some £2.500 in prize 
money, the winner’s promised 
engagements with Hungarian 
television and radio, and an 
envelope full of invitations 
from international festivals. 
He won the Terence Judd 
award in Britain two years 
ago, and must be persuaded to 
return very soon. 

It was encouraging, at least, 
that in a competition of 
unusually high standards and 
stimulating- artistry Mocs&n 
was placed marginally higher 
than either Dimitri Racer or 
Vladimir Sakin from the 
Soviet Union. Both nearly 10 
years older than Mocsfiri, and 
approaching the age limit of 

35. these were pianists of 

considerable maturiiy_ and 
authority, but never quite the 
insight or esprit of Mocsfin. 

Racer, who was placed 
third, treated the Liszt Sonata, 
utterly convincingly- as melo- 
drama: he is a pianist of big, 
brooding gestures, working 
the piano at limes _ hke a 
mighty organ, and with both 
the stamina and sense of 
fantasy to realize his aims. 
Sakin. whose cavemously Ro- 
mantic Schubert transcrip- 
tions 1 particularly enjoyed in 
the Gala Concert, was tech- 
niallv one of the most i merest- j 
ing competitors. With hugely 1 
strong hands, capable of driv- 
ing momentum or dissolving 
into the most liquid of piams- 
simos. he made both his 
Sonata and Second Concerto 
more physically than inter- 
prciaiivdy exciting. 


The Capture of Troy 
Grand, Leeds 

Nothing could emphasize the integ- 
rity of Berlioz's epic more strongly 
than a performance that stops part- 
way through: when the curtain falls 
after the Trojan women’s blood- 
letting in this vivid new production, 
one feels intensely that this has been 
the prologue, that the show must go 
on. But, reasonably enough. Opera 
North and their collaborators on this 
grand venture, the Welsh and Scot- 
tish companies, have felt that the 
work needed gradual assembly, and 
so for the moment audiences in 
Leeds. Nottingham. Manchester and 
Hull will be seeing just the first two 
acts of The Trojans, and must wait a 
while for the unfolding of the drama 
in Carthage. 

Bui the rest should be worth 
wailing for. Tim Albery’s production 
is almost devoid of decor, so that 
nothing should distract from the tidal 
movements of the chorus as they 
flood across the stage in joy, solem- 
nity or hysteria. One detects, perhaps, 
some beneficial influence from Peter 
Stein's Otello production for Welsh 
National Opera; in any event, the 
chorus are similarly handled as a 
vigorous crowd of individuals. They 
also make a tremendous noise, full- 
throated and immediate. The Trojans 
is revealed as very much a choral 
opera, befitting its name. 

The directness of the production is 


Sympathy and restraint: Richard Salter, Kristine CiesinsJd 

helped too by the historically un- 
specific costuming. There is some 
flowing classical drapery: there are 
also Grecian helmets and breast- 
plates. But heroic-age skirts are 
happily avoided in favour of trousers, 
and the clothes for the chorus, all 
black, make them look rather like 
contemporary earthquake victims, as 
anyone might after a 10-year siege. 
Indeed the only major fault in the 
production is that it gives such a poor 

evocation of the wooden horse: 
something cou/d surely be done to 
suggest ihe entry of the thing behind 
the shell-blasted panels that are a 
notable feature of the set. 

Other slightly wooden aspects of 
the production will no doubt settle 
down during the run. In the perfor- 
mance I saw there was an unfortunate 
deliberateness io some of the coups de 
theatre, the discovery of Cassandra 
beneath a heap of scarlet cloth, the 

potentially striking entry of Andro- 
mache in white, or the formation of a 
tableau between Hecuba and Andro- 
mache leaning over Andromache's 
son. Other figures, though, are al- 
ready exactly right notably the 
presentation of Priam as a lama, but 
in purple, not saffron, and the solid 
blue-suited appearanace of Choro- 

The cast is led by Kristine Ciesinksi 
as a Cassandra who could afford to be 
more violent, more impulsive. As it 
was her vocal attributes sounded 
under-used: there was a degree of 
caution and care to the performance, 
though the demonic sacrificial victim 
of the last scene had' her skimming 
out from her whiteness of tone. 
Richard Salter is a sympathetic 
Choroebus, and the American tenor 
Ronald Hamilton shows something 
of a Vickers-like suffering rasp as 
Aeneas. Clive Bayley makes a power- 
ful moment of the appearance of 
Hector's ghost, and the restoration of 
the Sinon episode, never heard 
before, provides the opportunity fora 
skilful cameo performance from 
David Hillman. , 

This episode usefully introduces 
the motif of the wooden horse, and i 
was presumably cut by Berlioz only 1 
for reasons of length. It has been i 
orchestrated for the occasion by Hugh i 
Macdonald, who is also responsible 1 
for the admirable translation. David I 
Lloyd-Jones conducts an orchestral I 
performance which could have more 
nerve and knife. ' 

Paul Griffiths 


Festival Hall 

Having lately began his 
gramophone recording of the 
Beethoven symphonies with 
the London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. Klaus Tennsiedi per- 
haps anticipated one future 
issue with his conducting of 
the “Eroica" Symphony on 
Sunday afternoon. It was an 
imposing performance, invi- 
gorating as well as resplen- 
dent. which left nobody in any 
doubt of the music’s pas- 
sionate feeling as it changed 
from movement to move- 
ment. without becoming 
merely indulgent 

Whether Mr Tcnnstedt has 
yet convinced himself about 
his intentions I am not so Sure. 
Last lime I heard him conduct 
the work he made much of six 
horns strung out in a row. as 
well as triple woodwind. This 
lime the horns were, again 
doubled to six. but the wood- 
wind was confined to the 
usual pairs. The trumpets, 
however, acquired an extra 
pair simply to reinforce a 
couple of phrases in^ the 
Funeral March movement. 

!i seemed a curious extrava- 

nale. and not particularly 
justified when the resulting 
balance gave the horns an 
almost Mahlerian prom- 
inence. These were properly 
scaled back to three in the trio 
of the scherzo movement 
which formed a cheerful inter- 
lude between tragic intensity 
and a finale mat almost 
generated its own momentum. 

The playing had a vivacity 
of spirit and ensemble charac- 
ter that gave consistent plea- 
sure. more so titan in support 
of Peter Donohoe for the B flat 
Piano Concerto. No 2. that 
began the programme. The 
orchestra kept to oddly nar- 
row dynamic limits in the 
alternation of loud and soft 
passages, over a rhythmic 
pulse that sometimes seemed 
unduly laboured. 

It was more rewarding to 
enjoy the keyboard writing 
under the pianist's supple 
fingers, less concered with any 
sense of personal improvisa- 
tion than with sensitive 
articulation of all three move- 
ments. The adagio movement 
was brought to a beautiful 
hushed ending, and. if the 
displaced accents in the finale 
were left as sober syncopation 
on this occasion, they thereby 
linked the concerto more 



Salutary emphasis on text 

n seemea a cunous exiraya- closely to its 18th-century 
gance without also bringing proV eiance. 
them in at least for the txt ^ j • 

Prometheus theme in the fi- iNOCi CjtOOuWIH 



Albert Hall/Radio 3 

li was as if Sir John Pritchard 
and his forces had taken note 
that, only a week before their 
performance of Britten's War 
Requiem. Sharansky had been 
speaking on human rights at 
the same time and in the same 
place. For this performance, 
the second concert in the 
Briiten/Tippeii Festival see- 
med to be drawing out by 
close and specific textual 
emphasis the feci that the 
seeds of war He in every 
second of verbal and emo- 
tional as well as physical 

Sir John and the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra played 
down the orchestral drama, 
the illustrative reality of war. 
The ear was directed instead 
to the players of the London 
Sinfonictta. conducted by 
David Atherton, acerbic in 
their taut iracking of the solo 
voices’ questionings, and star- 
tling in Owen's Curse of the 
Cannon by the sheer viriuos- 
ilv of double-bass ircmolando. 

Space was ceded, too, for 
the corporate cries of the BBC 

and her own vocal scale. 
Philip Langridge's elo- 

Sym phony Chorus and Lon- quence of timbre and almost 

don Philharmonic Choir. 
Brisk, tight upbeats and yield- 
ing orchestral textures lit their 
sharply rhythmic entries from 

declaimed inflexion fre- 
quently reinforced poignancy 
with a sense of latent anger. 
John Shirley-Quirk. the su- 

behind. And it seemed as if preme orator of this work, 
extra care had been taken with sang with a voice that has 
the placing and weighting of grown long and deep into the 
every vowel and consonant, pan. His denial of the possibil- 
from the pattering menace of ity of regeneration in the 

the men's “Dies irae" to the 
flame-like oscillations of the 
tenor line in “Confutatis 

mal edict is”. 

In this performance even 
the Westminster Cathedral 
Boys’ Choir were something 
less, or perhaps I should say 
more, than angels. They sang 
from the highest balcony but 
with hard, abrasive accents 
which coloured their words 
with a steely irony. 

It was above alt the soloists 
who gave such close human 
focus to (his performance of 
the Requiem. Felicity Lott 
may not have the weight or 
diaphragm power to hurt 
“Liber scriplus” up and over 
the topi Bui her emphasis on 
the pity rather than the 
power of divine judgement 
fitted both this performance 

words “Not so" resonated on 
through the long final tunnel 
duet: and on Sunday night 
there seemed tittle light at the 

Hilary Finch 


of power 

It is now a little over a year 
since Frank Delaney, self- 
appointed book-trade pundit, 
announced in the pages of The 
Listener that he was worried 
about the state of publishing. 
There were too many take- 
overs, the money-men were 
moving in. conglomerates 
were gobbling up the indepen- 
dent publishers, the old au- 
thor-publisher relationship 
was dying. Jackie Collins was 
top of the best-seller list. It was 
all very alarming. 

The article caused no more 
than mild amusement in the 
book world. Someone pointed 
out that one of the “take-over 
beasts" that Delaney had 
forgotten to mention was Cen- 
tury Hutchinson, a firm which 
had recently recruited outside 
editorial consultants. Among 
them was one Frank Delaney. 

Vet this week, as publishers 
set up their stalls at the annual 
works outing, the Frankfort 
Book Fair, the talk will be all 
of the regeneration of the 
independent publisher in the 
face of take-overs and merg- 
ers. As fast as old firms can 
join and form new alliances, 
exciting new firms, bristling 
with talent and promise, are 
springing up. 

The pattern is becoming 
familiar. Two months ago. a 
trio of former Robert Maxwell 
employees announced that 
they were setting up Headline, 
a new imprint, publishing 
hardbacks and paperbacks, 
that was going to break the 
stranglehold of the conglom- 
erates. Headline authors 
would have a say in the design 
of their jackets, receive regular 
sales print-outs and healthy 

The theme or author-power 
has been taken one step 
further by the newest show in 
town, Bloomsbury Publishing 
Ltd. whose creation was an- 
nounced in a welter of 
exclusives and Press hand- 
outs a few day’s ago. They, like 
Headline, have an acceptable 
management mix of smooth 
marketing men and sympa- 
thetic editorial types, and their 
backing in the City is no less 
than £2m. Not only will they 
love and cherish aulbois but 
they will actually give them 
(or at least some of them) the 
opportunity to own a part of 
the firm's equity. 

Authors might be forgiven 
for thinking that at last the 
balance of power between 
publisher and the author was 
to be redressed in their favour. 
In addition to Headline and 
Bloomsbury', three new and 
reasonably independent pub- 
lishers are unveiling their lists 
at Frankfurt: Roger Houghton 
Ltd. backed by the venerable 
and somewhat dull J.M. Dent 
list, Mildmay Books, set up by 
two former Hutchinson em- 
ployees. and Boxtrce. a 
publishing offshoot of the 
TVS television company. Ad- 
vances have returned to the 
level of the heady days before 
publishing's much-publicized 

Earlier this month, paper- 
back rights to a first novel. 
The Dragon Riders by Christie 
Dickason, went to Coronet for 
£101000. Another historical 
noveL Perdita’s War by the 
former publisher Daphne 
Wright, has sold to America 
for S93.500. Is is possible that 
for authors a new day is 

Hardly. Mark le Fanu. gen- 
eral secretary of the Society of 
Authors, who has greeted 
Bloomsbury with enthusiasm, 
is currently engaged in a 
significant tiff, much publi- 
cized at the weekend, with 
Frank Delaney's colleagues at 
Century Hutchinson over a 
Minimum Terms Agree mem 
proposed for all contracts. 
Fabers. Hamish Hamilton, 
BBC Publications and W.H. 
Allen have so far agreed to the 
terms. Century Hutchinson, 
under the leadership of the 
cool Anthony Chcetham and 
his even cooler wife, Rose- 
mary. have not. 

Century Hutchinson is a 
thoroughly contemporary es- 
tablishment. Its most success- 
ful books have been prettified 
editions of minor classics, 
such as Lark Rise to 
Candlcford, on which, since 
they are out of copyright, no 
royalty is payable. There is a 
certain irony here. Century 
were established some five 
years ago by a smooth yet 
sympathetic management 
team with the help of hefty 
backing from the City. The 
new list, it was announced, 
was going to be all about 
writers, treated and published 
as they deserved to be. 

Author-power may still be 
some way off. 

X. Llbris 






THE PIT, BARBICAN 01-628 8795/638 8891 M 


f-'i -a, - - * - 




Continued from pa y* | 

said 1351 

,-Pu‘ bd i ef of Mr Kinnock 
ana his colleagues was that the 
way the Militants had dod ged 
Jhe final confrontation had 
Jadly weakened their non- 
Mihtant support on the Left 
In the event, only the bakers 
and furniture trades unions 
and left-wing constituency 
pamr delegates supported (he 
Militants in their forlorn 

Mr Hatton's last stand was 
both dramatic and farcical He 
and his team were to have been 
given five minutes to make 
their case against expul- 
sionsbui when a senior official 
went to fetch them one by one. 
they refused to go to the 
rostrum, complaining that 
they were not being allowed 
enough time and that the 
bearing should be in public. 

Mr Hatton led his col- 
leagues out to protest: “It was 
a show trial and kangaroo 
court. We were not prepared 
to give credibility to a farce or 
to see the British labour 
movement appear more akin 
to Stalinist Russia than a 
democratic Labour Party." 

Mr Kinnock was contemp- 
tuous: “I am not surprised by 
their behaviour. These are the 
people who purported to 
speak for the rank and file of 
the Labour Party, but when it 
came to it they did not have 
the spine to speak for 

The eight Militants expelled 
are Mr Hatton. Mr Mulhearn, 
Mr Tony Aitman, Mr Roger 
Bannister. Mr Terry Harrison, 
Mr lan Lowes, Miss Cheryl 
Vailey and Mr Richard 

In a later vote in closed 
session, the leadership re- 
ceived narrow backing over 
the expulsions of two mem- 
bers of Mr Roy Hattersley’s 
Birmingham Sparkbrook par- 
ty. A move to reinstate Mr 
Kevin Scally and Mr Amir 
Khan immediately was de- 
feated by 3,443,000 votes to 
2.715.000. But the NEC is to 
carry out another study of 
their case in view of a likely 
legal challenge. 

Today’s events 

. r 


New bridge and old jams: An artist's impression, above, of the new road 
the aH-too- famiiiar build-np of traffic approaching the 

to be bfrilt across the Thames, and, below, 
end of Dartford Tunnel. 

' Jk/srt: 




< - -* r : . r*' -1 

,^l****t : .^ ■ 

£86m bridge will 
aim to beat 
M25 tunnel jams 

^f. u- "■ '.VW . 

>- --Yi - ^ ' ''-Vv 

•V.'. -• - • . : ip- 

• X -- 

fry-- •»•••. ... •. 

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* .* ■: . ,. • \*v • 

•W*. . ■ ■ -V ■■■'*■■■•- ■ 

.... - . . • ... • 

By Rodney Cowtoa 
Transport Correspondent 

A Dew £86 million bridge is 
to be bmlt across the River 
Thames in London to relieve 
congestion in the Dartford 
tanneb created by extra traffic 
from the M25 motorway. 

It is expected to come into 
use in 1990 and will carry all 
son Abound traffic while 
northbound traffic will be 
channelled through the exist- 
ing tunnels. The project wBl 
seed parliamentary approraL 
Announcing that the con- 
tract was being awarded to the 
Trafalgar House group, the 
Transport Secretary, Mr John 
Moore, said the proposal for a 
four-lane bridge was the best 
and cheapest solution 
"Trafalgar House had also 
offered a tunnel crossing as an 
alte r native solution, as had 
two competing firms, Balfour 
Beatty and John Mortem. 

The project is expected to 
create aboat 5£00 man-years 
of work, half of it steelwork in 
the north-east where un- 
employment levels are particu- 
larly high. 

The bridge, about 50 yards 
nd of tite temads, 

will have a main span of 500 
yards, the hugest of its type in 
the United Kingdom, an over- 
all length of 3,000 yards, and 
provide about 60 yards of 
clearance for shipping. 

Mr Moore said the con- 
struction of the bridge would 
double present capacity and 
together with tine tminels 
would be able to handle pro- 
jected traffic growth up to the 
year 2015. 

As with the Channel tunnel, 
the bridge will be financed by 
private capitaL Trafalgar 
House will operate it and 
retain tolls for not more than 
20 years, or mitfl outstanding 
debts on the tmaeh and the 
costs of the new bridge and of 
operating the whole crossing 
are deared. 

The crossing would then 
revert to the nation. 

Mr Moore said tolls would 
be kept at present levels in real 

Trafalgar Hosse are buying 
the tinsels at a cost believed to 
be aboat £50 millions and wiD 
be seeking to raise aboat £200 
motions in the City 

The financing, page 28 

50 police 
in hunt 
for killer 

An elderly man found dead 
in his room at a small hotel 
near central Bristol had been 
beaten to death, police said 

As a murder hunt involving 
50 detectives got under way, 
Det Supt Roger Bray said the 
killer had ransacked the 
victim's room at the Colston 
hotel m Cheltenham Road. 

He said it.was an extremely 
violent attack. The man had 
been severely beaten about the 
head and body. No weapon 
had been found. 

The dead man was from 
Gloucestershire, but his name 
has not been released. 

He was discovered on Sun- 
day night lying fully clothed in 
his ground floor rear room at 
the small hotel, which is 
regularly used by commercial 

Police are trying to trace his 
movements during the 36 
hours before bis body was 

Four killed in 
head-on crash 

Four young people . were 
killed and a lorry driver was 
seriously injuredwhen a car 
was in head-on collision with 
a lorry in the Irish Republic 
early yesterday. 

The two girls and two men 
who were travelling in the car, 
all aged between 18 and 21. 
died in the accident, which 
happened in their borne town 
of Athy, Co. Kildare. 

Two railway 
stations open 

A £% million station fin- 
anced by British Rail and local 
councils opened at Wdham 
Green. Hertfordshire, 

London Helds station in 
Hackney also reopened yes- 
terday-five years after being 
destroyed by fire It cost ££ 
million to rebuild. 

Envoy moving 

Singapore (AFP) — Mr 
Stapleton Roy, aged 53, the 
US Ambassador to Singapore, 
is returning to Washington for 
reassignment in the State 
Department, the embassy an- 
nounced yesterday. 


Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales attends 
an informal meeting of Agri- 
culture Ministers of the Euro- 
pean Community. Old England 
Hotel. Bo wn ess-on- Winder- 
mere. 8.55: and then visits the 
Royal Windermere Yacht club, 
Cumbria. 12.35: later, as Presi- 
dent. of the Royal Jubilee and 
Princes’ Trust, visits the Civic 
Centre, Sunderland, in connec- 
tion with the Prince of Wales 
commercial Venture Scheme. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens the new company head- 

quarters of Charles Hammond 
and the London Interior De- 
signers Centre I Cringle St, 
SW8. 3. 

Prince Michael of Kent. Presi- 
dent. the Institute of the Motor 
Industry, visits Norton Motors. 
Lichfield. 10.15. and Reliant 
Motors. Tamworth. 230. 

New exhibition 
Queen Elizabeth's Hospital: 
400 years of school history; 
Bristol City Museum. Queen's 
Ret Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Oct 


Exhibitions in progress 
Animals in Arc prints by 20th 
century artists; McBcy Print 
Room. Art Gallery and Mu- 
seum. SchoolhiU. Aberdeen: 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,164 

To a 

show of figures (8). 

1 To enlarge, factory needs 
of ligui 

5 Sadly miss church leaders in 
such a break? (6). 

10 Maybe Taft's harmony led 
in it (4,2. 2.7). 

IS Exposed to capture like a 
man on board (2,5). 

12 One up in his product (7). 

13 Reluctant to touch a foreign 
flower? Here's a rake (8). 

15 Classic place to find a tail- 
less insect (5). 

18 Hebrew character going cast 
in the sacred river (5). 

20 Self-banking aircraft? (8) 

23 Kind of diplomacy requir- 
ing craft in the main (7k 

25 Tolerate the military 
marches on it (7). 

26 Can impale things anyhow 
in the office (8-7). 

27 Formerly port of Manches- 
ter. we hear, opposite to 
Bury? (6). 

28 Condemn blockhead knock- 
ing one back inside (8). 


1 Rainy? Everybody inside in 
that case (6). 

2 English phone-box being out 
of order, one dreads over- 
seas calls (9). 

3 But this in an animal's ear 
won’t make it stone-deaf(7). 

4 German conductor in quick 
Emperor section (5). 

6 Peculiar dialect of the 
Kremlin, for example (7). 

7 Standard of Euclid's fifth 
proposition accepted (5). 

8 Quickly styled in Windsor, 
this motorway pressure (8). 

9 Branch crickct-sidc taking 
bag (8). 

14 Extremely hoi. trio sang rag- 
gedly (8). 

16 Pink in motor-race (9). 

17 Bounty, tidy ship going east 
( 8 ). 

19 Gyde. for instance, needs 
cowl over chimney (7). 

21 Marx whose complaint 
came to nothing (7). 

22 VIP’s the big one on the 
board (6). 

24 Orderly over hospital in 
South Wales (5). 

25 Frenchman caught by divers 
in the river (5). 

Solatia! to Puzzle No 17,163 

Concise Crossword page 12 

Mon to Fri 10 to 12 and 2 to 4 
(ends Nov 27) 

Work by Eileen Lawrence; 
Artiste. I Pierrepont Place, 
Bath: Tues to Sun 9 to 530 
(ends Nov 2). • 

Work by Jonas Suyderhoffi 
Charrington Print Room. 
Fitzwilliam Museum. Cam- 
bridge: Tues to Sat 2 to 5, Sun 
2.15 to 5 (ends Oct 19). 

Last chance to see 

Political cartoons through the 
ages with over 300 original 
Vanity Fair cartoons and a 
complete range of Hogarlhs 
works: Antiquarian Book and 
Prim Services. 112 South St, 
Eastbourne. 9 to 8. 

Paintings and prims by Eric 
Gilboy: photographs by Val 
Corbett; engraved glass by Anne 
Mickc-Lumsden; Wetheriggs 
Country Pottery. Clifton Dykes, 
Penrith. Cumbria, 10 to 5. 

Photographs by John Kerr, 
Corridor Gallery. Lurgan Col- 
lege of Further Education, 
Kitchen Hill. Lurgan, Northern 
Ireland. 9 to 5. 

Gunning and the Landscape. 
Clamp and the Figure; Museum 
and .Art Gallery, Lichfield St, 
Walsall. 10 to 6. 

Paintings and photography by 
Sue Roe and Mustafa Sami; 
Niccol Centre. Brewery Court, 
Cirencester. GIos. 10 to 5.30. 

The past and present work of 
the Royal Greenwich Obser- 
vatory; Royal Greenwich Obser- 
vatory. Herstmosceox Castle, 
Haiisham. E Sussex* 10.30 to 

Tassie: portraitist of the Scot- 
tish Enlightenment; Scottish 
National Portrait Gallery, 
Queen Sl Edinburgh. 10 to 5. 

Three in One: comic festures, 
disturbed ground and sculpture 
unobserved; Collins Gallery. 
University of Strathclyde. 22 
Richmond St. Glasgow. 10 to 5. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra: Music Hall. 
Aberdeen. 7.30. 

Organ recital by David 
Sheath: Bristol Cathedral. 1.15. 

Canterbury Festival: piano 
recital by Ronald Smith; 
Guibcnkian Theatre. Canter- 
bury- 7.30. 

Talk, lectures 

O' er the Raise, by Ron 
Sands: Lake District National 
Park Visitor Centre. Brockhole, 
Windermere. 130. 

Canterbury Festival: The Im- 
pressionists in Normandy, by 
Roger Porter Old Synagogue. 
Canterbury'- 5. 

John Newton, craft resident, 
talks about his work: An Gallery 
and Museum. SchoOlhilL Aber- 
deen. 7.30. 

TV top ten 

National top ten television programmes In 
the weak ending SapamDar2f : 

1 Cac t Cn de ra (Tues/Sun) 1945m 

2 EastEnders (Thurs/Sun) 1840m 

3 Only Fools aid Horses iGLSOm 

4 Open Al Hours 1320m 

5 C rt mew ate h UK 1130m 

6 Rut Stood 11.45m 

7 Ewer Decreasing Crete 11 2(ta 

8 Howards Way 10.65m 

9 Animal Squad 1020m 

10 in Sckness and m HeaHi 10.15m 

10 The Russ Abbot Show 10.15m 


1 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada 

2 Coronation Street (Wed) Granada 

3 In Private, in PuMe The Prince and 
Princess ol Wales fTN 1155m 

4 Taggart STVIZIOm 

5 A Tribute To PM Phoenix Grenada 

8 Bind Data LOT 11.95m 

7 Cro aaro eds (Wag Central 11.70m 

8 The Benny Hfl Show Theme* 
1126 m 

9 Crossroads (Tues) Central 11.45m 

10 Bnmertaie Farm (Tues) Yorkshire 
11 . 00 m 

10 Crossroads (Thurs) Central 11.00m 

1 The Pari Daniels Magic Show 455m 

2 Alas Smith and Jonas 425m 

3 Moontaghtew 456ra 

4 Grandstand special 3JGn 

5 Inte rnati onal Owls (Sun 1831) 

8 Naked Video 3.40m 

7 Star Trek 335m 

8 The Spy in the Green Hat 335m 

9 Royal Heritage 325m 
10 Gardeners' World 325m 

Channel 4 
The Cosby! 

The Party 335m 
SL Elsewhere 2.75m 
Budgie 2.75m 






7 Gardeners' Calendar 270m 

8 Golden GMs 2.40m 

9 Themroc 235m 

10 American Footbal 2.15 

Breakfast t ele v isi on ; The average 

who viewed tor at least three mtatutes): 
BBC1: Breakfast rmer Mon to Pn 
1.3m (63m) 

TV-arrr Good Morning Britain Mon to Fri 
36m (103m) Set 23m (63m) 

Sun 1.6m 

Broadcasters' Aufcenee Research Board. 


The Midlands MI: Contra- 
flow between junctions 27 
(A608) and 28 (A3 8); delays in 
rush hour. Ml: Contraflow 
around junction 20 (A247). 

Wales and West A 39: Tem- 
porary lights on the Exeter side 
of the Rockbeare between 9 am 
and 4 pm; contraflow between 
Exeter and Okehampton at 
Whiddon Down. M5: Lane 
closures between junctions 1 1 
and 12 near Gloucester. M4: 
Contraflow between junctions 
16 and 17 near Chippenham. 

The North: M6: Both carr- 
iageways and slip roads subject 
to closures at junction 37 in 
Cumbria. M6Z: Contraflow be- 
tween junction 7 (Rainhfll) and 
Burton wood services. Cheshire. 
M63: Major widening scheme at 
Barton Bridge. Greater Man- 
chester. major restrictions and 
closures: avoid. 

Scotland: M8: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 29 (Paisley) and 
30 (Entkine bridge). M90: Two. 
contraflows between junctions 3 
(A92) and 8 (A9l). Fife. A74: 
Contraflow on London Rd. 
Glasgow, between Carmyle Ave 
and Mount Vernon Ave. 

Information supplied by AA 

London Marathon 

Today is the final day entries 
for the 1987 Mars London 
Marathon will be accepted. 
Application forms for the Mara- 
thon. which takes place on May 
10. are available from any 
branch of the Nationwide Build- 
ing Society and must be re- 
turned by 4.30 pm today. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at KL30 am. 12.40 pm, 
3 JO pm, 3.50 pm and 6 pm. 


639 am 

6.41 pm 

233am 536pm 

New moort October 3 - - 

F rank J ohnson with Labour 

The Gastronomic 
Tendency battle 

This year an attempt was Hattersley by name. Mr 
going to be made by Mr Galloway began by saying 
Kinnock, and his allies, to that Mr Nigel Lawson, tne 
“manage” the conference. Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
and convince the country had been '"gelling on too 
that the Labour Party was easily”. This is »id to be 
made up of normal people. Labour Party code [or Mr 
Although banned from the Hattersley's alleged metfee- 
conference proceedings, we of liveness against Mr Uwson 
this newspaper travelled in the Commons and in tne 
north to interview MPs. dele- country as a whole. At Mr 
gates, fellow-journalists and Galloway's remark, the tele- 

other survivors, as well as the 
injured, rescue workers, po- 
lice and the bereaved. 

First repons said that the 
Deputy Leader. Roy 
Haitersley. was among the 

showed Mr 


vision screen 
Hattersley on 
platform .slowly turning his 
head from side to side in 

_ Mr Galloway then dis- 

Yictims. Eye-witnesses said sen ted from something Mr 
that Mr Hattersley had been Hattersley had done "at the 
attacked in an economic de- Waldorf Astoria”. He was 
bate by Mr George Galloway, referring to a speech which 
a rising figure in the party the Shadow Chancellor bad 
who is the prospective par- made to some tankers in the 
liamentary candidate for Mr femous New York hotel, a 
Roy Jenkins’s constituency of speech the purpose of which 
Hillhead. was said to be to reassure the 

Since the present writer's bankers about Labour's eco- 
absence abroad, a great nomic policy. But many dele- 
persecution of Mr Hattersley gates undoubtedly took it as 
has begun among all classes meaning that Mr Hattersley 
in the country. This column had been at the flantbe tuck 
can claim to be among the again, 
pioneers in drawing attention M r Hattersley's error at the 
to Mr Hattersley's incon- WaldorfAstoria.indiecyesof 
sistences. Bui this has now Mr Galloway, was not to have 
got out of hand. Mr been sufficiently in favour of 
Hattersley is accused of exchange controls. The Left 
spending too much time in agreed with Mr Galloway 
places with names such as the about that too. although their 
Gay Hussar. broader critique was un- 

This would do him some doubtedly gastronomic rather 
good with certain elements of than economic, 
the Left, ifit were true that, as Replying to the debate, Mr 
the name might at first Hattersley — to whom the 
suggest, the Gay Hussar were conference eventually gave 
a meeting place of the non- the benefit of the doubt by 
straight community. But it is voting in favour of his and the 
a distinguished Soho res- leadership's economic policy 
. So Mr Hattersley is — implied that he was not 
unsound on exchange con- 
trols. As for ihe contest with 
Mr Lawson, ”1 wish we could 
have one. I wish he would 
come out of his comer and 

As for the Waldorf Astoria, 
he perhaps contemplated re- 
preceded by a glass or two of assuring the conference with 
champagne and finished with the view that it's gone down, 
brandy and cigars, the whole y'know. 
thing paid for by a journalist Earlier, the two Liverpool 
of the monopolistic press. Militants. Mr Hatton and Mr 
without his bang accused of Mulhearn. were expelled amid 
being some kind of a hypo- slow-handclapping, angry 
crite. We in this column walk-outs (their own), and L 
never intended our original cries of pain. It was awful to be 1 
criticisms of him to go this outside and know that one 
for. could do nothing to make 

Without mentioning Mr things worse. 





taurant So Mr Hattersley is 
denounced for entering such 
premises. After working hard, 
on a speech threatening to tax 
the conspicuous consump- 
tion of the rich, the poor man 
cannot now sit down to a 
simple, three-course meal, 
with a couple of wines. 




Pressure will remain high 
over southern Britain but 
frontal systems will cross 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, E, central 
N England, East Anglia, Mdtends, 
Ctaisnei Islands: Sunny intervals 
developing after slow clearance of 
mist and fog patch es; w ind, SW 
Sght; max tamp 20C (68FV 
SW England, Wales: Mainly tty 
t intervals but ha and 
j patches; wind, southerly 
Ight; max temp 18C (B4F). 

NW Enctomd, Lake DMrfcL We 
of Man, SW Scotland, Glasgow, 
Northern Ireland: Mainly tty, bright 
intervals, mist or tag patches near 
the coasts; wind. SW Ight or 
moderate ; max temp 17C{ 

ME England. Borders, Ei 
Dirn da a, A b er dee n , Moray 
Mainly dry, bright intervals; wind, 
SW moderate; max temp 19C (86F). 

Central MgMmds, Argytt: Be- 
coming cloudy with rain at t im e s; 
wind. SW mo de rate or fresh; max 
temp 15C (59F). 

NE, NW Scotland, Orkney: 
Cloudy, rain at tines, mist and tag 
over coasts and hats; wind SW fresh 
or strong; max temp T5C(59fT 
S h e t l an d ; Ooudy with rain, hffl 
and coastal tag; wind, SW fresh or 
strong; max temp 12C (54E). 

OuBcrok for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: Occasional raki in theN. Mainly 
dry and. simy in the S after 
clearance of overreght mist and fog. 
Rather warm in the S and E but 
temperatures near normal In the N 


> k sWo in mltbon FRONTS Worm 


r , 





High Tides 

U-Unr sK yi bc-War.sKy and cloud; c- 

u r rosn mu k h- 

cfoudy: Q-ovwtMt: 

hail; nH'inU r-ram: mpow; m- 
Diundentonu; p^hov«rs. 

Arrows jiiow wind direction, wind 
speed cmpii) circled. Temperature 






London Bridge 

























Dover ■ 





















































BWlord Haven 
















4 3 































2 25 




3 A 




Tide m earo rad in raeftes 1m»3J2808R. 

Around Britain 

Ugh ting-up tune 

The pound 


AiabafiaS 236 

AoatoaScft 2M0 

pilcnirD ft 6330 

CadadaS 2. OSS 

DfomikU 11-*4 


France Fr 938 

Germany Dm 3035 

Greece or 204.00 

HonOKongS 1130 

Intend Pt 1.11 

Rely Lira 21 00JM 

Japan Yen 23300 

Netherlands GId 343 

Norway Kr IIS 

Portugal Esc 21930 

South AfncaRd 430 

Spam P» 19730 

Sweden Kr 1033 

Sw&erlandFr 237 

USAS 130 

Yugoslavia Dnr 75030 

Rates tor vron Ctoflonmatien Bank notes 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Retail Price Index: 3>S3 

London: The fT Index dosed down 2S3 
a 1212.6 






I. 965 





II. 00 














Times Portfolio Gold rules are as 

1 Turn Portfolio is rrec. Purchase 
of The Times Is not a condition of 
uilng part. 

a Times Portfolio ttn com pris es a 
of public companies 'rimse 

are Usicd on Ute stock 

Sxrluim and Quoted in Tne TVno 
stock Exchange prters paoe. The 
companies ram prist n? that Its* will 
change from day lo dav. The, Ksr 
i w hitn t* numbered l - 44) tetftvlded 
Kilo four randomly distributed groups 
of 11 share* Every Portfolio card 
con lain* two number* from each 
oroup and each card contains a 
unique set of nuntben. 

3 Times portfolio 'dividend* will be 

the figure In pence which r e pres ent! 
ihe optimum movement in prices il.e. 
«he largest Increase or iowsm Mss) of a 
combination of eight itwo from each 
randomly dfttnbutedgroup within ihe 
44 sharesi of ihe ad shares which on 
any one day comprise The Tunes 
Portfolio tel. . 

4 The daily dtvtdmd win he 
announced each day and uie weekly 
dividend win be announced each 
Saturday in The Tiroes. 

6 Times Portfolio list and details of 
Use daily or weekly dividend will abo 
be available lor inspection at me 
offices of The Times. 

O U me overall price movement of 
more man one comamaUon of shares 
equals ihe dividend, ihe pnae wti be 
equally divided among the claimants 
hoUloo those combinations of shares. 

7 All nairas are suUecr to scrutiny 
before payment Any Tunes Portfolio 
card that ts defaced, tampered with or 
incorrectly Drtaled in any way wiu be 
declared void. 

a employees of News internaUonai 
pic and Its subsidiaries and- of 
Euroonnl Crow Limited (producers 
and dtstrtbulors of Ihe card! or 
member* of Iheir unmedJal* tamtBes 
lire not allowed lo play Times 

9 All partfrtpanb w flj b e wWeet to 
these Rules All msiructlons.on -how 
lo olas"* and -how to claim whether 
PubUshed in The Times or in Times 
Portfolio cans wlll be deemed to be 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves me right lo amend the Rules. 

10 in any dispute. The Editor's 
decision » final and no i correspon- 
dence will be entered mlo. 

II If for any reas o n The Tiroes 
Pnces Page B not published in the 
normal way Tiroes Portfolio will be 
suspended for Dial day. 

How la p Uy — My DMM 
On each day your istfoue set of etow 
numbers will represent commercial 
and Industrial. shares published In The 
Times Port! of lo list wtdcti will appe a r 
on Ihe Stock. Exchange Prices page. 

In the col u mns provided next, to 
your shares note me price mango <+■ 
or -i. in pence, as published m that 
day's Times. 

After -listing the price changes of 
your dghl shares for that day. add up 
all eight share manges to -give you 
your oi eran Igtai plus or minus is- or - 

Times portfolio dividend pubUshstf on 
uk*. S uck Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfotto dividend you have 
won outright or a share of the loial 
prize money staled for. Oval day and 
must claim your instructed 
oetow . 

Hew to (dn - 
Monday^ -Set urcay 
Portfolio total. . . 

Add these logettHT to de te r m ine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

U your total matches the published 
weekly dividend figure you law won 
outrignt or a share of the .prize money 
slated for thar week, and roust culm 
your prize as Iratructed below. 

Tdirhnm Tha^ * 

DM DJSS-53272 

Ha stamen be 

record your dally 

You ms have your card wim you 
when you telephone. ■ 

K you are unable to letatfnm 
someone else can ctahn on your behalf 
but thov must have your, card and call 
The Times Portfolio Claims line 
between the sttputaied tunes. 

No respomibHiiy can be ae»lN 
for failure n contact Ihe claims office 
lor any reason wiUrtn ihe stated 

The above insructtons j 
pUraMe lo both daily and 
dividend claims 


1 7.11 pm to 631 am 
731 pmto&40«n 

Sun Rain 
hrs In 


73 - 

73 - 

33 - 

Lowestoft 53 

BA - 

Ipm 1 
732 pm to 6.45 am 
734 pm to 632 am 




Temperatures at midday yesterday: £' 
cloud: f. fair: r. rest: s. sm. 

C F C F 

BeKatt clfiSJ Guernsey d1355 
c 1763 Inverness 1 1763 
d 1559 Jersey d la 57 

e 1559 London c 1783 

Cardiff c 1457 Maneestar c 1859 
C dk toeu ti c 1661 Hew cas tle 11B64 
Gtespow c 1559 irnldsemy C1559 


Births: Frederick Sleigh Rob- 
erts, 1st Earl Roberta, field 
marshal. Cawnpore. 1832; Her- 
mann Sodensaun. writer. Mai- 
ziken, Germany. 1857. 

Deaths James Brindley, ca- 
nal builder. T umhursL Stafford- 
shire. 1772: Frederick Edwin 
Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead, - 
Lord chancellor 1919-22. Lon- 
don. 1930: James Dean. Glm 
actor. Paso Robles. California. 

Oar address . 

. Info rroaUon for inclusion in The 
THWS Information wnler should be 
gnl-taj-The Editor. TTJS. The Tima. 
I? 9XN 7 ' 1 Sheet JJMdon- 

£«o. Printed oy London post (Prim- 
ersiLimited of 1 Virginia Street. 
L«Jton El oxn and by News 
Ud - 124 Portawi Street 
cawffow 041 iEi. 
September XX. I9B6. 
g^wreid as a- newsp ap e r at the Post 



Worthing 53 

Ltetetaatn &4 

BoanorR 6.6 

Soolhsea 6 3 

SandtMn 5.1 

ShankSn x 

Boumamth 53 

Poole 33 

Swenage 33 

W o yutoid h 4.8 

Exreoutta 3.1 

Tagnmoutt 4.7 

Tommy 6.4 

C F 

21 70 sunny 

22 72 sunny 
21 70 doixfr 
21 70 sum 
18 64 swxiy 
20 68 sunny 

1^4 . 

23 - 

G u e rnse y 
SciXy tries 33 - 

05 31 

18 84 

19 66 
19 86 

17 83 

18 64 

19 68 

18 64 

19 88 
19 66 

21 70 
19 68 
19 B8 

18 64 

19 66 

19 66 

20 68 
16 61 
17 63 
19 66 
15 59 



















Sun Rain Max 

hrs in C F 
x - 15 59 drtzzto 

Tenby _ 05 31 15 59 cloudy 

CoteynBey x - 20 68 amity , 

tf to mc a mbo - 39 15 58 rain £ 

Dongles 23 .01 18 64 brtgtt 

J^ndon 33 - 20 68 bright 

BtaaAApt 72. - 21 70 surety 

BristoMCM) 1.1 - 18 61 doudy 

CarMUCtd) 13 32 15 99 drizzle 

A n gle sey - 15 59 

B’pool Arrpt 03 - 18 65 

Wench e ri ar 23 - 20 68 cloudy 

»7 - » 68 

CerteJe 1.7 - 18 64 cloudy 


Ericdaiemulr - 31 15 59 drtzzto 




S to rnow a y 




17 63 sretny 
16 61 dovoy 

Them era Sunday's flumes 


13 33 
- .12 
03 .05 
0.6 38 
30 32 
32 - 

73 - 

St Andrews 2.4 
EiSnbwgh 0.1 

nortwhn najiND 


15 58 

18 64 

17 83 

14 57 

15 59 
12 54 
IB 84 

19 66 
22 72 
19 66 

18 84 









- 18 64 bright £ 


i ■' 


WOOAY: c. doud; d. dnzzfm f. tie; <g. (og; r. ratal: a. sun; sn. snow; L IhttedW 

C F 

s 24 75 Cologne 
S 29 84 Cphegn 
r 29 84 Corfu - 
( 23 73 DtMn 





Belgrade a 19 66 oaxeitsr 
Bertel 1 17 63 HetetaiU 
Ben riudtf" c 27 81 KongX 

C F C F 

I " “ t 24 75 

* * 79 S^taurg s 17 83 

] « g s 17 63 

8 57 Santiago* c 14 57 

d 14 57 





B Aires' 





C F 

s 18 64 Majorca 
s 17 63 Malaga 
( 21 70 Mata 

— S 20 68 ricarm e a ar a»maa 

s 18 54 Dubrovnik 8 24 75 Mexico C* f 19 66 SPauM 

f 26 79 Font s 26 79 Wamf a 31 68 SetJri 

r 38100 Horanca • s 21 70 Man s 21 70 Sfaiu'Dfr 

Frankfort * 19 56 Hentraal* c 14 57 scSSm 

S 23 73 FiaiehaJ e 25 77 Moscow sn 1 34 Sbuhte 

Geneva a 16 6T Munich s 17 63 Sidney 

S 23 73 “ “=— * •* - 7 

r 10 50 

r 27 81 N 

S 17 63 N Yorir 
f 21 70 Mca 
s 85 95 0rio 
c 14 57 Praia 

s 25 77 Perth 
* 23 73 Prague 
s 19 66 Raririeflt 
c 19 66 Kicxin 
s 17 63 ModeJ 
9 20 68 Riyadh 

f 18 64 tansbrek 
a 19 66 Istanbul 
c 13 55 Jeddab 
f 17 63 JoDura* 
s 19 66 Keracn 
r 13 56 L Patau 
8 33 91 Lisbon 

s 24 75 L Angels' 
( 84 75 Irnnmhg 

OTcbureb 3 15 59 Madrid 

• denotes Slretsy's Agrees are (mast natohla 

f 27 81 Tangm 

( 26 79 Teneitfe 
1 19 66 Tokyo 
a 24 75 Toronto" 
f 15 59 Tuns 
6 £ 55 Valencia 
1 2 77 Vane’ver* 
s 23 73 Venice 
s 18 64 Viema 
' J S Waraaw M „, 
* “ H * 21 TO 

S 39102 Zuridh a 15 59 








rtt • 

UfSo 1 



c, ^n> 

i . m 

i • >. 

> •->. 

- “V f 



? * 

i ^ 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1212.6 (-25.8) 

FT-SE 100 

1539.2 (-29.4) 



USM (Datastream) 
122.36 (+0.12) 


US Dollar 
1.4340 (-0.0160) 

W German mark 

2.9039 (-0.0390) 

Trade- weighted 

68.2 (-0.5) 

Rugby ahead 

Rugby Portland Cement 
yesterday reported pretax 
profits up from £6.9 million to 
£14.2 million for the first six 
months of 1986. Turnover 
rose from £107.1 million to 
£141.1 million. The interim 
dividend is increased by 6.9 
percent from 2.9pto 3. Ip. 

Tempos, page 24 

Menzies rises 

John Menzies. the Scottish 
newsagent made taxable prof- 
its in the six months to August 
2 of £4.5 million, a rise of 7.1 
per cent on sales 3.9 per cent 
higher. The dividend was 
increased from 1.35p to 1.5p. 

Tempos, page 24 

Inchcape op 

Inchcape. the overseas trad- , 
mg group, increased pretax , 
profits from £36.2 million to j 
£39.7 million in the first half I 
of 1986. on turnover up from 
£931.1 million to £940.2 mil- | 
lion. The interim dividend 
was maintained at 7.15p. 

Temp us, page 24 

BPCC offer 

The British Printing & 
Corporation's offer for Webb 
Company will be at an agreed 
price of S16.75 (£11.65) a 
share in cash, valuing Webb at 
$117 million. 

Base rate rise of 
up to 2% feared 
as pound weakens 

By Rodney Lord,Txononiics Editor 

Pressure fora rise in interest The pressure on sterling and currency markets, partly be- 
les grew yesterday as the associated fears of higher rates cause of political uncertainties 
tuna weakened. By the close mourned following the failure heightened by the party coo- 
oeaimg, mterbank markets at the weekend of ministers of ference season and the ap- 
.re indicating a nse m base the leading financial powers to proach of a general election. 

* per cent — agree in Washington on There is also concern about 
o possibly as much as 2 per appropriate objectives for the the record trade deficit for 

rales grew yesterday as the 
pound weakened. By the close 
of dealing, interbank markets 
were indicating a rise in 
rates of at least I per cent — 
and possibly as much as 2 per 
cent — from the present 
10 percent level. 

In the foreign exchange 
market, the trade-weighted 
sterling index closed at a new 
low of 68.Z well down on 
Friday’s closing level of 68.7. 
The Bank of England was 
thought to have intervened to 
support the pound on a sub- 
stantial scale. 

The stock market reacted 

world economy and a sustain- August, published last week, 
able pattern of interest rales and the effect of lower earn- 

and exchange rates between fogs from North Sea ofl. 
their countries. In the money markets, the 

After the failure to agree any Bank of England kept its 
substantive programme of co- dealing rates unchanged. But 
operation, the dollar opened three-month money in the 
about 2 pfennigs lower against interbank market dosed at 
the mark, at DM2.0290, com- around J \'M per cent, com- 
pared with Friday’s levels. But pared with 10% per cent on 

because of support from the Friday. Generally, any gap of 
West German central bank, more than half a percentage 

Record 3.15m 
shares in TSB 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

apprehensively to the prospect trading in the US currency was point between bank base rates 
of h igher interest rates and the relatively quiet. and interbank rates is thought 

FT in -I - j a cu I! - i i . ! . .1 

FT 30-share index dosed 25.8 
points down at 1212.6, hs 
largest foil since the summer. 
Gilt-edged prices, which last 
week had shrugged off fears of 
higher interest rates, finished 
1 point lower after larger foils 
earlier in the day. 

Interest rates in 
London & New York 


; T r^w: 


Sterling was not so lucky, to be unsustainable for long, 
encountering steady pressure Market traders think it will 
throughout the day. By the be difficult to avoid a rise in 
dose it was also about 3 rates. However, interbank 
pfennigs' lower against the rates have been above base 
mark at DM2.9033. rates before, for instance in 

The focus of attention has January this year with the 
switched to sterling in world authorities successfully 

— — » « - -■ avoiding an increase. 

The timing of any rise will 
be governed partly by consid- 
erations of this week's Labour 
Party conference and next 
week’s Conservative Party 

The Government will be 
anxious to avoid a rise over 
the conference period if it can. 
ll will also have to take into 
consideration the announce- 
ment of the provisional fig- 
ures for the money supply in 
f the month to mid-September, 
\ If these are likely to show a 

> high rate of growth, the 

__ j authorities will want to try to 


— I public. 

W- * 


Launching the bid; Mr Pa trie at St Katharine's Dock 

British challenge 
from docklands 

By Anne Warden 

Company will be at an agreed ^ # . ■ 

Bank tnes to weather storm 

$117 million. ■ # ^ # 

Bronx Engineering is pass- by intervening in markets 

A £25 mHtion development 
at St Katharine’s Dock, East 
London, is to be Britain's bid 
for the proposed European 
Comm unity Trade Mark Of- 
fice, due to open in 1988 or 

A “significant" financial 
package will be offered to 
support London’s bid, Mr 
Geoffrey Pattie, Minister for 
Industry and Information 
Technology, said yesterday 
when he announced the choice. 

Britain is thought to have 
been among the last of the nine 
or 10 compering member 
states to decide its site and 
yesterday Mr Peter Drew, 
chairman of the developers, St 
Katharine by the Tower Ltd, a 
wholly-owned subsidiary of 
Taylor Woodrow .said that 
many of the financial arrange- 
ments had still to be 

The building, with about 
8,700 sq metres of net usable 

floor space, will be close to the 
World Trade Centre, the new 
London Commodity Exchange 
and the St Katharine’s marina. 
It is part of a development of 
np to five storeys with a piazza, 
which the Government be- 
lieves fulfils the European 
Commission’s stipulation that 
it should be a striking 

The site is dose also to the 
proposed short take-off and 
landing strip for flights to 
Europe, due to open next year. 

Mr Fattie said that cost was 
the one drawback of the St 
Katharine's site but added that 
Britain's final proposal would 
differ little from the incentives 
being pot forward fay other 
bidders such as Munich, one 
of London's mam rivals. j 

AU the bids must reach the 
European Commission by to - 1 
day and the Council of Min- 1 
isters is expected to produce a i 
short 1st next year. 1 

Bronx Engineering is pass- 
ing iis interim dividend for 
1986 after reporting a toss of 
£504.000. bigger than in- 
dicated in the March annual 
review. The deterioration was 
largely because of a consid- 
erable cost overrun on one 
contract and substantial cur- j 
rcncy variations associated 
with a contract for China. j 

No referral 

Mr Raul Channon. Sec- , 
rciary of State for Trade and 
Industry, has decided not to , 
refer to the Monopolies 
Commission the proposed , 
takeover by Amstrad Con- 1 
sumer Electronics of the assets , 
of Sinclair Research. j 

New bank 

Bank of Scotland and Gen- 
eral Accident have been 
invited by the Countrywide 
Building Society of New Zea- 
land to subscribe for 40 per 
cent and 20 per cent respec- 
tively of the shares of a 
banking company to be set up 
by Countrywide after the 
adoption by the New Zealand 
government of major changes l 
in laws governing competition I 
among New Zealand financial | 

BIM chief 

Mr Brian Wolfson, chair- | 
man of the Angto-Nondic 
Holdings engineering group 
and of the consortium which 1 
bought Wembley Stadium 
nine months ago, has been 
named as chairman of the 
British institute of Manage- 
ment in succession to Sir Peter 

Traded Opts 21 
Unit Trusts 22 
Commodities 22 
USM Prices 22 
Share Prices 23 
Tempts 24 
Wan Street 24 

From Bailey Morris and David Smith, Washington 

SIB chief welcomes 
protection scheme 

mien 20 

Co News 20.24 
Comment 21 

Stock Market 21 
Money Metis 21 
Foreign Evcfc 21 

The Bank of England will 
1 try to ride out the storm which 
is hitting the pound and. 
threatening to produce a 
damaging and embarrassing 
rise in base rates. 

Mr Robin Leigh-Pember- 
ton, the Governor of the Bank 
of England, said yesterday: “I 
hope we might get through 
this, as we did in January”. 

The pound fell to new lows 
yesterday in the wake of the 
foilure of the leading indus- 
trial countries to agree on new 
measures to stabilize exchange 

Interest rates in the London 
money markets rose to a level 
consistent with a base rate 
level of 1 1 per cent, compared 
with the present 10 percent. 

“We have to let the situa- 
tion settle down before we 
react, if we react at alt” Mr 
Leigh -Pemberton, who is 
attending the annual 

US indicators 
‘rise 0.2%’ 

New York (AP-Dow Jones) 
- The United States index of 
leading economic indicators 
rose 0.2 per cent last month, 
compared with July, accord- 
ing to 10 economists polled by 
the Dow Jones capital markets 

increases in share prices 
and M2 are said to be behind 
the rise. 

In July, the index showed a 
1.1 per cent increase com- 
pared with June. 

Among other components 
thought to influence the index 
are building permits and ini- 
tial state unemployment 
claims. .... „ ... 1 

However. Mr William Sulli- 
van of Dean Winer Reynolds 
said that the index felL 

IMF/World Bank meetings 
here, added. • 

The Governor said the 
Bank of England bad been 
intervening in the market to 
support the- pound by selling 
dollars. * This wa& consistent 
with the line adopted by the 
EEC finance ministers at 
Glerreagles a week before the 
IMF meeting, be said, because 
the present situation was one 
of particular sterling weak- 

The present situation is a 
difficult one for the Chan- 
cellor. Mr Nigel Lawson, with 
the Conservative Party con- 
ference next week and a rise in 
base rates looking like a dear 
failure of policy. 

Mr Lawson was keeping a 
low profile in Washington 
yesterday, having said on 
Sunday that there, is “an 
almost unhealthy preoccupa- 
tion. in the markets and the 

Press, with very short-term 

The danger is that delaying 
action on base rates carries the' 
risk of increasing the size of 
the increase that is necessary 
to restore order to the mar- 
kets. Already, some analysts 
in London are talking of the 
need for a two-point rise in 
base rales. 

The pound, which was weak 
before the IMF meeting, was 
the main casualty of the 
failure of the finance ministers 
of the leading countries to 
agree concrete measures to 
preserve the present pattern of 
exchange rates. 

The dollar fell sharply in the 
Far -East yesterday morning 
but it was supported by the 
German and Japanese central 
banks. There was no con- 
certed support for the pound, 
however, and so the Bank of 
England had to act alone. 

By Lawrence Lever 

Sir Kenneth Berrili, chair- 
man of. the Securities and 
Investments Board, yesterday 
welcomed the Government’s 
proposals to impose an in- 
dustry-wide compensation 
scheme to protect investors. 

He said that he was “de- 
lighted with these new pro- 
posals for what must be a 
crucial element of protection 
for the small investor." 

The “weakness” of 
compensation arrangements 
had been one of the most 
obvious gaps in the existing 
system of investor protection. 

The Government is today 
tabling several hundred 
amendments to the Financial 
Services Bill, one of which will 
require the setting up of a 
compensation scheme which 
all the self-regulating 
organizations will be obliged 
to join. 

The bill lays down a new 
system of investor protection, 
and will require all investment 
businesses to be authorized 
either by SIB or by joining a 
self-regulating organization. 

The Government had orig- 
inally intended to make SIB 
responsible for determining 
the best method of 
compensating investors who 
lose money through the failure 
or fraud of an authorized 
investment business. 

However, it has become 
obvious to SIB, which fa- 
voured a central compensa- 
tion scheme rather than a 
series of individual schemes 
set up by self-regulating , 
organizations, that a statutory 
requirement for a central 
scheme was necessary to force 
the organizations to agree to , 

A total of 3.15 million 
people will receive Trustee 
Savings Bank shares, by far 
the largest number recorded 
on a share issue, according to 
allocation details unveiled, 
yesterday. But because of the 
huge oversubscription, most 
applications have been 
sharply scaled down and half 
of those from non-priority 
applicants have been elimi- 
nated in a ballot. 

The largest allocation on 
priority applications is 1.000 
shares and 10,000 on non- 
priority applications. 

The issue is a substantial 
boost to private shareholding 
in Britain, more than equal- 
ling the estimated total num- 
ber of existing private 
shareholders. The Slock Ex- 
change recently put the num- 
ber of individuals holding 
shares at about 2.75 million. 

Mr John Higneit. a director 
of Lazarets, said that more 

than 1000.000 of those receiv- 
ing TSB shares were likely to 
be first time shareholders. 

Derails of the allocation 
released yesterday by Lazard 
Brothers, the merchant bank 
managing the flotation, 
showed that exactly half of the 
3.7 million public applications 
will receive no shares as a 
result of the ballot which was 
held Saturday. 

Most applications have 
been sealed down, although 
priority applicants — those 
assured of receiving shares — 
collect a higher proportion of 
the amount they asked for 
than non-priority applicants. 

The only people to receive 
their allocation in full were 
priority customers applying 
for 200 or 400 shares and 
employees wanting up to 
4.000. Public applications for 
the 400 share minimum will 
receive 300 shares. 

Lazards said that the offer 
was more than seven limes 
oversubscribed with £5.6 bil- 
lion put up by 1.3 million 
priority applicants and 3.7 
million public applicants. The 
applications added up to a 
total of 1 1.2 billion shares: 

There were 145 aplications 
for more than 3 million shares 
which will receive nothing 
since the cost of processing the 
applications would be more 
i than the profit they would 
have made on a small alloca- 
tion of shares. 

The cheques of unsuccessful 
applicants will be returned. 
Those from people lucky 
enough to be given shares 
have been cashed already and 
the difference will be returned 
when the allocation letters go 
out on October 9 — two days 
later than expected because of 
time taken to process so many 

Lizards advised applicants 
wanting to know quickly 
whether they had received 
shares to check their bank 
balances later this week. 

The TSB will receive £6.5 
million in interest from the 

Allocation of the shares will 
be ou the following basis: 
Customer Priority 

1-3 million applications were 
received on customer priority 
application forms for approxi- 
mately 2300 million shores, 
and were allocated as follows: 

Shares applied for Allocated 
200 200 
400 400 

600 to 1.000 500 

1,500 550 

2.000 to 6,000 600 

7.000 700 

8.000 800 

9.000 900 

10.000 1.000 

Public Applications 

3.7 million applications for 
approximately 8,7850 million 
shares were received on pnbljc 
application forms. Public 
applications for np to 3 million 
shares were balloted on a one 
in two basis as each level of 
application and shares were 
allocated to successful ap- 
plicants as follows: 

Shares allocated in respect 
of successful applications 

Shares applied for Allocated 
400 to 600 300 

800 350 

1.000- 2.000 400 

2300-10.000 500 

15.000 600 

20.000- 70.000 700 

75.000- 1 mil lion 700 

1 .05m to 3m 10,000 
The 145 applicants for more 
than 3 million shares will not 
receive an allocation. 

hundreds of millions of 
pounds of excess cash from 
oversubscription which goes 
on deposit for the next two 
weeks. That will cover about 
half the underwriting costs of 
the issue. 

Half of the shares in the£l .5 
billion issue were reserv ed for 
employees and priority cus- 
tomers. They were allowed to 
apply for up to 10.000 shares 
each, so there were more 
shares to go around and 
scaling down was less severe. 
The other half was shared 
between non-priority individ- 
uals and institutions with nc 
maximum application. 

In each share category 
shown in the table, exactly 
half the applicants were elimi- 
nated by baltoL 
In the meantime, more than 
5000 suspected multiple 
applications are being investi- 
gated. Lazards said. Those 
found to be genuine will be 
allotted their shares — if they 
are eligible. 

Canal stake 

Carroll Group, the private 
property company planning a 
large out-of-town retail dev- 
elopment near Hatfield. Hert- 
fordshire. has increased its 
stake in the Manchester Ship 
Canal Company to 5.3 per 

Saudi move means firmer oil prices 


By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Saudi Arabia yesterday its Yanbu terminal on the Red convenes, 
withdrew half a million bar- Sea will have a serious impact Iran, which initiated the 

rels a day from the world on Iraq’s exports. current Opec agreement by 

crude on market, leading to Customers for Saudi oil wall suggesting that Iraq should be 

firmer world oil prices and be able to pick up supplies exempted from output restric- 
speculation that next week’s from the Ras.Tanura terminal, tions, has been in talks with 
meeting- of the oil-producing but most of the Iraqi crude Saudi Arabia over the past two 
nations wau reach an agree- flows through a pipeline to days. Iran’s oil minister, Mr 
ment which will send prices Yanbu and will be halted. Gholamreza Aqazadeh, has 
further upwards. North Sea prices have met Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Ya- 

The Organisation of Petro- moved up from around $13.50 mani. the Saudi oil minister, 
leum Exporting Countries is a barrel to nearer $14.50. and Mr Aqazadeh said: “We 
to begin ns meetings in Ge- many traders expect the Saudi expect the price of oil to reach 
neva on Monday. decision to send prices to $19 by the end of this year. 

Saudi Arabia s decision to more than $15 a band by the ^ w m wor i< l0 active 

temporarily bait exports from time the Opec meeting 

IMF ministers urge strategy 
to head off new debt crisis 

From Bailey Morris and David Smith, Washington 


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Brent (Oct.) pm $14.40 

Finance ministers of the 
industrialised nations gave a 
warning yesterday of a new 
debt crisis that could exceed 
that precipitated by Mexico in 
1982 unless measures are 
implemented quickly to re- 
store growth in developing 
countries. # - 

The Interim Committee of 
the International Monetary 
Fund predicted at the IMF's 
annual meeting that the plight 
of debtor nations would deteri- 
orate sharply this year, in a 
statement expressing concern 
over the uncertainties clouding 
the global economic outlook. 

It said: “The debt export 
ratio of the indebted countries, 
which fell in 1984, rose in 1985 
and seems likely to rise again 
in 1986 to a higher level than 
that prevailing at the outset of 
the debt crisis.” 

Ministers urged action ou 
the stalled debt strategy 
agr eed at last year's meetings 
in Seoul, South Korea, as 
negotiators worked in closed 
sessions to meet a midnight 
deadline on a new $6 billion 
(£4.1 billion) loan package for 

Mexico's stormy debt nego- 
tiations with its commercial 
bank creditors are considered 
a key test of the so-called 
“Baker Debt Strategy” un- 
veiled by Mr James Baker, the 
US Treasury Secretory at the 
Seoul meetings. 

Officials, noting that there 
is much at stake in a success- 
ful resolution of the Mexico 
talks, said if an agreement 
cannot be reached the entire 
debt strategy put in place by 
Western nations could coL- 

Mt Paul Vokker, The Fed- 
eral Reserve Board chairman, 
said: “I hope the deadline is 
going to be met If not, we have 
big problems.” 

The Mexico talks entered a 
critical phase as speculation 
grew among IMF officials that 
M Jacques de Larosiere, the 
managing director, , would an- 
nounce during the meetings a 
new $200 million to $300 
million bridging loan for Ni- 
geria, often referred to as 
-Britain's Mexico” because of 
the forge exposure of British 

Nigeria and the IMF have 
been at odds over exchange 
rate policies for the past few 
years, but the two have agreed 
on a letter of intent that will 
allow the African nation to 
draw on 650 million Special 
Drawing Rights (£390 million) 
to enact its economic stabiliza- 
tion programme. 

The agreement was reached 
only after Nigeria successfully 
devalued the Naira. 

The committee criticized the 
United States for slowness in 
reducing Its huge fiscal and 
trade deficits. It said: “The 
reduction in the Federal fiscal 
deficit songht by US authori- 
ties has to be translated into 

At the same time, the 
committee said growth in other 
countries, particularly the sur- 
plus nations, mnst be main- 
tained at an adequate pace to 
pull the developing world 
through the present slow- 
down. Even so, the rate of 
growth in developing coun- 
tries, which fell last year, is 
expected to drop again this 



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to cross 


By Teresa Poole 
Business Correspondent 

The new crossing of the 
Thames ai DartfortL an- 
nounced yesterday .is the first 
example in Britain of an 
important infrastructure 
scheme to be financed by the 
private sector. 

Under the concession, a 
consortium led by Trafalgar 
House will finance the 
construction of a four-lane 
bridge and take a lease on the 

existing tunnel crossings. It 
to all the 

will have the right 
toll charges until the costs of 
the project have been recov- 
ered, when it will hand back 
the assets at no cost to the 
Government of the day. 

From the Government’s 
point of view, money, that 
would have been tied up in the 
bridge can be used instead for 
road building, while the risks 
— and time-consuming finan- 
cial and contractural negotia- 
tions — of the traditional 
arrangements are avoided. 

The total cost of the project 
will be about £200 million 
which includes £S6 million of 
construction costs, the related 
financing costs, and some £50 
million to pay off the debts on 
the existing Danford Tunnel. 

Last week, while attention 
was focused on the Channel 
tunnel private share placing. 
Cascnovc. the stockbrokers, 
was arranging a £70 million 
loan stock placing for the 
Danford scheme. The rest of 
the money, mostly in the form 
of shon-ierm loans, will be 
provided bva bank facility led 
by Bank of America. 

Lord Rockley. at Kleinwort 
Benson, financial advisers to 
Trafalgar House, said: “This 
has passed the risk involved 
into the private sector. It is the 
first time any project has been 
handled in this way by 

He added that other 
projects such as the proposed 
second Severn Bridge, the 
barrage across the Severn, and 
even power stations could be 
financed in a similar manner. 

The maximum concession 
period is 20 years but the 
consortium expects, on cur- 
rent traffic forecasts, to have 
recouped the investment 
within 14 years. 

Boom in franchise 

businesses brings 
higher failure rate 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Businesses created by 
franchising have in a year 
increased in number by more 
than a half to nearly 20.000 
while sales overall have 
jumped more than a quarter to 
more than £12 billion. It has 
raised the total number of jobs 
created in this sector by more 
than a third to 148.000. 

The striking rale of growth, 
disclosed in a new survey 4 out 
yesterday, brought a warning 
from the British Franchise 
Association (BFA) whose 
director, Mr Tony DutfiekL 
said: “I am keen to sound a 
note of caution. Careful con- 
trolled growth must not give 
way to franchise euphoria.” 

The warning came as the 
survey showed a worsening in 
the failure rate among franchi- 
sors, the master businesses 
which expand by licensing 
their formats to franchisees. 
This past year about 14 per 
cent of franchisors have gone 
out of business, compared 
with 12 per cent traced in a 
1985 survey. New and untried 
franchises were most at risk. 

Mr Dutfield added: “There 
is no easy path to success 
through franchising, either for 
franchisors eager to expand 
too quickly or for franchisees 
unsuited to the way of life or 
too impatient to research their 

Franchising is for those 
prepared to live by the work 
ethic as seen in the United 

Tony Dutfield: “No easy 
path to success”. 

States, according to Mr Peter 
Stem, franchise manager at 
National Westminster Bank 
which sponsored the survey 
for the BFA. 

Mr Stern said: “Franchising 
remains one of the success 
stories of the Eighties, but 
optimism has to be tempered 
with realism at all levels.” 
Franchising evolved as pan of 
the American dream that any- 
body could become successful 
through hard work and those 
without that real desire and 
motivation should look for 
their future elsewhere, he said. 

He said the new franchisee 
had to beware of over-op- 
timism and needed to learn 
the basic skills of selling and 
time management. Better and 
longer-term sales training than 
at present offered by some 
franchisors would be 

The 1 986 survey is the third 
into British franchising car- 

ried out by Power Research 
Associates, market researchers 
and industrial surveys special- 
ists. and each year the sector’s 
performance has exceeded 
expectations, the BFA said . 

With annual sales up 26 per 
cent in the past year, the 
industry is now on course for 
notching up £ 5 billion a year 
in sales by 1 990 but the greater 
rate of growth being seen has 
led to expectations that turn- 
over is likely to go to £6.1 
billion during 1991. Already 
franchising accounts for 2 per 
cent of all retail sales. 

In the year under review, 
there were 56 per cent more 
franchised businesses created 
while the number of franchi- 
sors rose 40 per cent to 440. 

The number of jobs in 
franchising in the year has 
risen 35 per cent with women 
outnumbering men by six to 
four. This is partly because of 
the number of part-time jobs 
created but also because there 
are so many service businesses 
such as restaurants and shops. 

The biggest growth areas in 
franchising are convenience 
retailing, business-to-business 
services and mobile food and 
drink operations. Fast-food 
retailing, now mature in 
franchising terms, is relatively 
one of the slower growing 

* Franchising: the industry and 
the market 19S6\ £295 from 
Power Research Associates, 
17 Wigmore Street, London 


First half of 1986. Turnover 
£15.17 million (£1.36 million). 
Pretax profit £171.000 floss 
£67.000). Loss per share 2. Op 

DUSTRIES: (subsidiary of 
Centreway Trust): First naif of 
1986. Turnover £13.93 million 
(£14.95 million). Pretax profit 
£234.000 (£300,000). Earnings 

per share 0.9p ( I . Ip). Agreement 
for the sale a 

has been reached for the sale of a 
subsidiary. Hermetic Rubber, 
for £695.000 in cash. 

Salvesen Brick, a subsidiary, is 

epiC) Estates Property 

Investment Company RLC 

Results for the year ended 30th April 1980 

Gross rents receivable. 




ly income. 

urplus available for distribution. 
Earnings per share— 

1986 1985 

£1000 £0*000 
.6346 5.695 

.4683 4,020 

.2352 2.052 

. 1231 10.74 

Extracts from the statement by the 
Chairman, Mr. L. C. T. Cottrell 

The completion and letting of developments during the 
year, taken together with increases in existing rentals 
has resulted in an increase in net income of some 10% 
to give a total net rental income of £5,205.000. 

Construction and letting of the Company's develop- 
ments continued apace including the business park at 
Crawley where three of the four units of the second 
phase arc already let. at the retail developments in 
Mitcham and the Camberwell Shopping Centre where 
trading has commenced, while a number of other devel- 
opments have been completed or are in hand. The 
Company continues to seek attractive development 
opportunities while, in parallel, a policy of selective 
disposals is being pursued. 

In April 1986 the Company issued £11,500.000 10% 
first mortgage debenture stock 201 1. the proceeds being 
used to finance the acquisition of superior leasehold 
interests of existing investments. 

During the year under review a privately owned prop- 
erly company was acquired having assets consisting of a 
small portfolio of properties in London together with 
cash and marketable securities, the purchase consider- 
ation being principally satisfied by the issue of 997.500 
ordinary snares. 

On 30th April 1 986 the overall portfolio was valued at 
£76.036.000 giving a net asset value of 197.9p per share 
compared with last year's figure of I9i.7p. 

Copies of the complete report and accounts may he 
o/tainca from the Secretaries. W.H Stcntiford A. Co 
I Love Lane. London EC2V 7JJ 

planning to almost double its 
output with the construction of 
a £12 million brickworks in the 
Birmingham area. The purchase 
of a 10-acre site (and adjoining 
clay reserves) for £1.8 million 
from Leigh Interests has been 
completed. This new invest- 
ment will bring SaJvesen's 
production up to about 120 

• FII GROUP: Year to May 31. 
Total dividend 6.75p (6.2 5p). 
Turnover £16.33 million 
(£15.15 million). Profit, before 
tax and extraordinary items, 
£2.23 million (£1.75 million). 
Earnings per share 34.8p 
(25.8p). The current year has 
begun well. 

• AURORA: The company has 
reached conditional agreement 
with Paul Sykes (Develop- 
ments) to sell the site in Shef- 
field occupied by three Aurora 
subsidiaries. The combined re- 
sult in 1985 for the three was a 
pretax loss of £746,481; the net 
book value of the property is 
£663,500. The board reports 
that it is not possible to give any. 
estimate at present of the 

GROUP: The trading assets of 
Dividag Systems have been sold 
by Mr Richard Rees and Mr 
Mark Homan of Price 
Waterhouse, who were ap- 
pointed joint-receivers on June 
27. They were bought by the 
existing directors, backed by the 
Dyckerhoff and Widmann 
Group of West Germany, which 
first developed the process 
which Dividag marketed in 

• GIBBS MEW: Agreement 
has been reached for the pur- 
chase of 1 3 public houses from J 
A Devenish for £1.5 million in 

• UNILEVER NV: The com- 
pany has resumed the buying of 
Naaraen International NV or- 

dinary shares and has increased 
its holdii 

ing to 51 percent. 

terim dividend raised to 0.8p 
(0.7p) for the first half of 1986. 
The board proposes to maintain 
the final at O.Sp. Turnover (net) 
£10 million (£9.35 million). 
Pretax profit £612,000 


Year to June 30. Equity-ac- 
counted net profit AusS23.60 
million (£10.35 million), against 
AusS9.18 million. Turnover 
Au5$623.59 million 

(Aus$3 16.80 million). Total 
dividend 10 cents (9 cents). 

The annual meeting heard that 
latest orders will ensure that 
profits for the six months to 
Nov. 30 next will at least match 
last time's full-year profits. The 
directors are satisfied that this 
rate of growth will continue for 
the remainder of the current 
year and well into the foresee- 
able future. 

LEUM: The company and 
Abraxas Petroleum, a Texas- 
based independent producer of 
oil. gas. and coal plan to merge. 
Abraxas will merge into a 
subsidiary of Petrogen, with 
Petrogen then changing its name 
to Abraxas Petroleum. 

response to the recent rights 
issue, 733 million convertible 
redeemable preference shares 
(about 88.4 per cent) were taken 

More company news 
on page 24 

for Mobil 


Mobil Europe: Mr Joe 
Hinton becomes president, 
effective October 20 and Mr 
Thomas Deloach vice presi- 
dent and general manager of 
Mobil US. marketing. 

National Investment 

Group: Mr Siva Singbam has 
t director. 

been made finance > 

Ross Foods and Young's 
Seafoods: Mr Barry 

Hanning tnn becomes purchas- 
ing director. 

Barry Htuudogton 

3b Sir John Cockney joins 
the board and becomes chair- 
man in July 1987. 

Bass: Mr DG Inns becomes 
financial director. 

Union Carbide Corpora- 
tion: Mr Joles Romary has 
been elected vice-president 
and secretary. 

British Bloodstock Agency: 
Mr Tom Cooper joins the 
board as an executive director. 

Norcros: Mr Roger 
Feavionr becomes director, 
distribution operations, Mr 
John Redwood joint depupr 
chairman, and Mr Martin 
Banting and Mr Anthony 
Elliott non-executive 

Jardine Glanvill: Mr 
Micheal Gribbin becomes 
managing direetpr. 


Prospects improve for 
agreement on rubber 

_ tW arcord MI 

Rubber may have earned a 
new lease of popularity Grom 
the puppets in Spitting Im- 
age, but It occupies a low 
profile among the London 
commodities community. 

London was once the centre 
of nearly the world's trade in 
robber, hot the advent of 
domestic ownership for the 
major Malaysian plantations 
has seen the focus of business 
move inexorably to the 

The London rubber futures 
market which never attracted 
much in the way of support 
from the tyre manufacturers, 
the main consumers, died a 
quiet death last year, to be 
replaced by an equally torpid 
contract 'in robber index 


Nevertheless, there are 
around eight dealers in Lon- 
don who keep themselves 
busy handling the physical 
needs of European consumers 
by getting up early to catch 
the market* jg Singapore and 

Their attentions next week 
will be focused on Geneva, 
where the major consumers 
and producers of rubber will 

out^ttw^nteroalional Natu- 
ral Robber Agreement (Inca). 

The members of the Inter- 
national Natural Rubber 
Organisation (Inro) cannot be 
accused of one thing — giving 
np easily. The coming 12-day 
session will be then third 
attempt at achieving an 
agreement However, it wfll 
probably be their last 

The present agreement 
runs out next September, and 
member delegates need the 
best part of 12 mouths to get 
any pact ratified at home. 

The last round of folks 
broke down in May with 

consumers and producers un- 
able to agree on a reference 
price for the new pact The 
reference price — now 20 In 
Malaysian cents a kilo - 
marks the limits at which the 

lnro buffer stock manager can 
buy or sell robber to keep the 
commodity within an 81 cent 
price band. 

The producers, led by 
Malay sia, wanted a hefty 
increase of some 30 per cent 
to compensate for rising 
production costs since the last 
agreement was drawn up in 
1979. The big consumers, 
particularly the US, the 
Soviet l/nron and Japan, said 
that they could brook no 
increase and pointed to the 
pile of some 375,000 tonnes of 
rubber already in the bands of 
the buffer stock manager. 

The impasse is a familiar 
one in commodity agree- 
ments, and in the context of 
the modern world .economic 
order it is the importing 
countries which mid the 
stronger band. However the 
chances of achieving a new 
Inra have improved consid- 
erably since May. 

In that time, a cocoa pact 
has been agreed where the 
experts had confidently pre- 
dicted accord could not be 
reached. After the meaning- 
lessness of the latest sugar 
agreement and the calamity 
in tin, the cocoa talks brought 
a fresh breath of air to 
commodity agreements. 

More importantly, the con- 
ference chairman, Mr 
Manas pas Xu to, of Tha ila n d , 
has engaged in a round of 
shuttle diplomacy which ap- 
pears to have persuaded the 
producers to accept an no- 
changed reference price in the 
new Inra. 

Mr Xnto is said to be 

confident that accord can be 
struck on this matter fairly 
early in the talks. However, 
the producers are still 
thought to be unhappy about 
maintaining the automatic 
mechanism which triggers 
changes in the reference price 
daring the life of an agree- 
ment, arguing that it fails to 
take account of rising produc- 
tion costs. 

‘ The consuming countries, 
especially those for which 
commodity pacts are anath- 
ema. are strongly attached to 
the trigger adding, as it does, 
a degree of market sensitivity 
to the agreement. 

When and if Mr Xnto can 
clinch harmony on the new 
price range and trigger 
mechanisms, the conference 
will move on to more detailed 
matters under the agreement 

These include marketing 
and transport as well as the 
question of pricing solely in 
Malaysian ringgits now that 
its value has strayed from 
that of the Singapore dollar. 

One factor which may fa- 
roar the chances of reaching 
an agreement is the buoyant 
state of the robber market 
After a traditionally slack 
summer prices have risen by 
about 10 per cent this month, 
and recently the five-day 
moving average of rates in the 
Far East London and New 
York rose above 200 Malay- 
sian cents for the first time 
since June, 1984. 

London traders say that the 
market has been supported by 
a modest recovery in demand 
from importing countries, 
particularly Japan and the 
Soviet Union, along with poor 
weather in the Far East 
especially in Malaysia, which 
is by far the biggest supplier. 

Richard Lander 

Michael Gribbin 

Baring Capital Investors: 
Mr Otto van der Wyck joins as 
managing director. 

benchMark Technologies: 
Lord Birdwood becomes 
honourable chairman and 

DJ Higgins & Sons: Mr RG 
Higgins is made ma n aging 
director and Mr C Webster a 
non-executive director. 

Home Brewery: Dr BC Kfl- 
kenny becomes chairman and 
Mr W McCosh joins the 

Pitman Examinations In- 
stitute: Mrs Janet Elliott is 
made director-general. 

Charles Barker Lyons: Miss 
Marilyn Andrews and Miss 
Gloriana Marks de Chabris 
become directors. 

Big role for British experts 
at. top energy conference 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Britain's energy industries 
have an important role in next 
week's World Energy Con- 
ference, although the issue of 
safety at nuclear power sta- 
tions will not be on the official 

The conference meets every 

and designing the new super- 

pit at Selby will be presented 
ritish 0 

three years and is the leading 
‘ Dge of 

forum for the exchange 
technical information on all 
forms of energy- Its agenda 
was drawn before the 
Chernobyl disaster and in any 
case takes the view that the 
issue can be adequatly dis- 
cussed by the various nuclear 
energy bodies such as the 
International Atomic Energy 

The conference, which will 
be opened in Cannes on 
Sunday by . President 
Mitterand, will have contribu- 
tions from experts at British 
Gas, British Coal, the Central 
Electricity Generating Board 
and from several of the com- 
panies involved in the energy 

by British Coal, while meeting 
the technolgical challenge of 
changes in the market will be 
discussed by British Gas and 
British Coal. 

The lessons learned m the 
North Sea where Britain has 
won a lead in world offshore 
technology will be presented 
by representatives from 
Brown and Root (UK) and the 
RTZ Technical Service will 
deliver a paper on how 
computers can be used to 
evaluate the potential of of 

A report on the experiences 
of British Coal in planning 





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The Bank of Tokyo, Ltd., the Paying Agents in London for the Bonds of the above Issue give 
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hereunder were drawn for the Sinking Fund on the 18th September, 1988 for redemption on the 
31st December, 1988. 

The Drawing was made at the Office of The Bank ofTokyo, LttL, 20/24 Moorgate, London, EC2R 6DH . 
in the presence of Hiroshi Nakaiima, representative of The Bank of Japan as agent of the Japanese 
Government and John Derek Gilbert Saul, Notary Public of this city, of the firm Choeswright, Murty & 
Co. The Bonds then drawn win be redeemed on the 31st December, 1986, at The Bank ofTokyo, Lid- 
20/24 Moorgate, London, EC2R 6DH. 






























Bonds of £%000 




















































Bonds of £500 
13110 13126 

13413 13444 

13675 13715 












































































































































Bonds of £100 

00246 00259 















































































121 25 

07 109 


077 46 



























11918 . 




































Bonds presented for Redemption must be left for ex amination five dear days before payment 
Drawn Bonds will cease to bear interest from -the date of redemption. 

Drawn Bonds will be payable in Sterling at par. The Drawn Bonds must be presented with an the 
un matured coupons attached, namely Coupon Nos. 47 to 50 bearing due dates between 30th June, 
1987 and 31st December, 1988 both dates inclusive. The sterling faro amount of any such coupons 
which maybe missing from the Drawn Bonds wfll be deductedfrom the amount of the principal payable 
to the holder. 

Coupons maturing on the 31st December, 1386 and prior thereto should be detached and 
surrendered for payment in the usual manner. 

Dated 30th September, 1986. 





Fortnum & Mason 

_ Piccadilly, London Wl 

September 29tfi-Ociober 4th 

You are invited to view the autumn/ 
winter collection and experience our 
. internationally renowned 
made-to-measure tailoring service at 
Fortnum & Mason. 

Ermenegildo Zegna is the hallmark of a 
totally co-ordinated wardrobe. A complete 
look that can be found only in the finest 
stores throughout the world. 



open cast coal mines. The 
advances which have been 
made in combustion technol- 
ogy will be presented by 
Northern Engineering 

Other papers include one on 
the potential for energy 
conservation by the Institute, 
of Energy while others about 
the influence of energy on 
social and economic change 
and on the effects of electro- 
technology on the world en- 
ergy balance will be offered by 
the Electricity Council's 









_ -r, \ 



■ \>J 

■ .v %i| 

Blue chips 
base rates 

By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard 

hit as City fears 
may rise to 1 2% 

' “ i! 

V ^iv 




• ’ ri" •! 

■3> : 



• ! 7V. 


; ^ 

. '"Wfj 




' ! \»T 


£ i , 

Fears or a possible two- 
poinl increase in bank base 
rates to 12 per cent set the 
alarm bells ringing in the City 

The rate for three-month 
money in the money market 
soared by almost half of a 
percentage point to 1 125 per 
cent, taking it a full I_25 
percentage points above the 
present 10 per cent base rate. 

In the gill-edged market, the 
prospect of gloomy official 
reserve figures on Thursday, 
coupled with the expectation 
of bad money supply and 
inflation figures during the 
ensuing couple of weeks, 
tipped prices steadily lower. ' 

Both long and short-dated 

• Memcom, the USM- 
quoted electronic systems 
manufacturer, could be 
worth watching. In the past 
week its shares hare 
climbed by 50-per cent to l8p. 
The reason is the launch of 
a rerolntiooaiy camera and a 
S4 million (£2.8 million) 
contract from the Pentagon 
for a document-retrieval 

stocks lost up to £1 7b as gilts 
dealers complained: “There 
isn't a single bit of good news 
on the horizon." 

Early attempts at a rally 
were killed off mid-morning 
when the Bank of England 
indicated that it was not 
planning to raise its interven- 
tion rate in the money 

Mr Mark Giffe, the chief 
economist at Capel-Cure My- 
ers. the broker, said: “People 
are waiting with baited breath 
for a base-rate rise. It's only a 
matter of time." 

Rival economist, Mr Ste- 
phen Lewis at Phillips & 
Drew, the broker, believes 
interest rates will rise by two 

percentage points later this 

Sterling had another bad 
day on the foreign exchange 
markets, falling to a fresh low 
against the weighted basket of 
European currencies at 68.2. It 
lost about 3 pfennigs against 
the mark, closing at 2.9050 
and almost a quarter of a cent 
against the dollar, which itself 
was weak, taking it down to 

The FT 30 Share index 
dosed lower once more, down 
by 25.8 points to 1212.6. in 
exceptionally thin trading. 
The broader-based FT-SE 100 
index also closed at its lowest 
level of the day, down by 29.4 
at 1,5392. 

Blue chips were worst hit 
Hawker Sidd el ey tumbled 24p 
to 423p. IC1 22p to 1.060p, 
Glaxo 2 Op off at 915p. Allied 
Lyons was another 7p down at 
296p and British Telecom 6p 
worse at 180p. 

Banks were equally de- 
pressed with National West- 
minster losing 20p to 512p. 
Lloyds dropping the same 
amount to 409p. Midland 17p 
lower at 537p and Barclays 
13p down at 464p. 

In the “grey" market, Geve- 
land Securities, the licensed 
dealer, was quoting the 50p 
partly-paid TSB shares at a 
middle price of 90p —a couple 
of pence up on Friday’s close. 
“But we’re not doing much 
trade." said a dealer. 

Source Haas* earn 




1 JAN ’ FEB ' MAR ‘ APR " MAY * JUN ‘ JUL ‘ AUG ‘ SEP 

Composite insurers also lost 
ground. Royal Insurance was 
30p lower at 762p, G uardian 
-Royal lOp down at 762p and 
Sun Alliance 20p worse at 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
hotel, brewing and leisure 
group, was the only member 
of the FT 30 Share index to 
end the day on a positive note, 
closing with a rise of 4p at 
41 5p. This followed Friday's 
sharp turn-round in the mar- 
ket amid reports that a big 
buyer was bidding for stock 
outside the market. 

Dealers had claimed that it 
could have been Mr Alan 
Bond, the bead ofCasilemaine 
Tooheys. the Australian brew- 
ery. But the buyer emerged as 
Mr Charles Knapp, the finan- 
cier. He has since confirmed 
that his privately-owned 
investment company, Trafal- 
gar Holdings, has built up a 


near- 5 per cent stake in the 
shares. But market men have 
dismissed Mr Knapp as a 
potential threat to Grand 
Met's independence. He has 
built up a number of stakes in 
companies over the years and 
is regarded more as trader 
than a predator. 

But this will be little 
consolation to Sir Stanley 
Grinstead. the chairman of 
Grand Met and his board. The 
group looks vulnerable to a 
bid and is regarded by market 
men as the ideal break-up 
situation. Some brokers have 
already calculated that the 
group's assets could be worth 
at least 560p a share and that 
figure could prove irresistible 
in some quarters. 

Meanwhile, talks are 
continuing to sell Liggett My- 
ers. the group’s US generic 
cigarette subsidiary. A 
management buyout, or a 

consortium of investors, are 
thought to be the most likely 
bet. The asking price is reck 
oned to be just above £100 

Blue Circle Industries suf- 
fered a setback after recent 
speculative support as the big 
buyer who has haunted the 
shares for the past few days 
suddenly took fright at the 
shakeout in the rest of the 
market- T C Coombes, the 
broker, has done most of the 
buying and has acted in the 
past for Mr Robert Holmes a 
Court, the Australian 
businessman and Mr Terry 
Rams den. the international 
financier. Last week, there 
were stories in the market that 
Mr Holmes a Court was trying 
to build up a ncar-5 per cent 

• The absence of a bid has 
taken its toll of MEPC. After 
hitting a high of 380p, the 
shares lost another 6p to 310p 
yesterday. The group has 
now invested more than £500 
million in new develop- 
ments which may be discussed 
at today's seminar in the 
City, arranged by Rowe & Pit- 
man. The shares are look- 
ing cheap. 


Anglia Sacs (115p) 

BBS Design (67p) 
Beaverco P45p) 

Broad St (43p) 

Chelsea Man 025c 
Creighton i*t» 

Euro Home (160p) 

Eve Construction 005p) 
Fletcher Dennys (70p) 
Guthrie Com 050p) 
Harrison (150p) 

Hdle Ergonom (92p) 

173 +9 

Hughes Flood (20p) 23b 

Local Lon Gp 152 -1 

M6 Cash & C (lOOp) 93 +1 

Marina Dev (I10p) 88 

Newage Trans (75p) 75 

Sand Bit Pertdns (i35p) 158 

Scot Mtge 100% 217’* -1 ’« 

Stanley Leisure (llOp) 135 

Thames TV (190p) 250 +3 

Treas sH%l/l 2016 £97 £93'- -To 
Uni lock (6%) 66 

Yatverton (38p) 35 

Yorkshire TV (125p) 137 -1 

Berkeley Tech F/P 
Boots N/P 
Brown & Tawse F/P 
Bunzl N/P 

Cambium Venture N/P 
Christy Hunt N/P 
New 6 Nat Res N/P 
Sedgwick F/P 
TJphoofc N/P 

(Issue pnee m brackets). 



4- 2 

5- 3 

326 -9 



Three Month Staffing 

Dec 68 

Mar 87 8835 

JunB7 89.15 

Sep 87 N/T 

Dec 87 N/T 

Mar 88- N/T 

Previous day's total open Interest 13935 
Three Month Eurodollar 

Dec 86 9390 

Mar 87 93.75 

lun 87 9350 

Sep 87 93.18 

IS Treasury Bond 

7 pc 86 94-11 

Aar 87. 93-08 

i*l 87 __ N/T 

tort GUI 

«CS6 95-18 

lar 87 ... N/T 

m 87 N/T 


jc86 110-00 

ar 87 109-15 

*67 N/T 

film ^ 

5p 88 156.00 

sc88._ 158.75 





















Previous day's total 
3345 93.84 

open rarest 23303 
9341 5149 






q? ftp 







Previous day s total open interest 6116 

94-24 9351 94-14 8474 





Previous clay's total open i 
95-16 95-01 95-03 










open I 

108-19 12236 

108-17 220 

108-17 0 


Previous day's total open interest 2681 
15620 154.00 154JD0 430 

15875 156-00 156X0 655 


retDeeftigs Last Dealings 
bp 22 Oct 3 

« 6 Oct 17 

ct 20 Oct 31 

>■ options went taken out ore 

For Set 

Dec 18 Jen 5 

Jan 8 Jan 19 

Jan 22 Fob 2 

Amstrari. Blue Circle. North Kslguti Mnes. 

acaL London & Northern Grom. Bolton Textfa. JE En^snd. Davidson Pearce. 
HHjneTime. Prestwich. IFtCO. Ecobnc. Lament Holdings. Sears, Samson. Energy 

Jt Glaxo 

Jt & CaH: WaBcoma. Abaco investments. 


Market rate* 
day's range 
September 29 
N York 1.4315-1.4440 
Montreal 1.9890-1.9918 
AiTK'dam3 2759-321 21 
Brussels 60.15-60 74 
C'phgen 109601-11.0225 
Duttn 12598-1.0722 
Frankfurt 2 8995-2331 5 
Lisbon 21090-213-75 
Madrid 19120-19455 
Mian 2004.10-2026.60 
Osb 105550-105400 
Pans 9.4908-95975 
Sl'khlm 95000-95625 
Tokyo 21954-22221 
Vienna 20403055 
Zurich 25519-237S3 

S eptember 29 








21 054-21 252 








9 ffSftQ 












2 ft- 1 ftprem 





3 months 
1.17-1.01 pram 








4-3 k pram 

Sterling jnda« c omp ar e d tefli 1975 was dome at 862 |ctoy*m range 682-685). 



Argwtna austraT 

15200-15256 IretaraJ 

Australia dollar 22800-22900 Singapore 

Bahrandmar 0542095460 Malaysia 

Brazli onrado * 19.76-19.89 Aisrrafe - 

pond 0.73089.7400 Canada 

Greece drachma _ 
Hong Kong dtdar 

•nrka rupee 

Iraq [knar . 

Kumd Oner KD - 
Malaysia dodar — 
Mexico peso 

— 7.0475-7.0875 Sweden 

— 19350-195.60 Norway . 

11.1900-11.1999 Denmark 

1820-1840 West Germany 

n/a Switzerland 

— 04205-04245 Netherlands 

37500-3.7700 France 

1046.00-1061.00 Ji 

New Zealand dolar 25008-25300 

Saurt Arabia rtyai 55610-5.4310 8etgh*i(Comm) . 

Singapore dcAar 3.11003-1200 Hong Kong — 

South Africa rand 3.16003.1900 Portugal : 

DAE dirham 5280055200 Spain 

*Uoyds Bank Austria _____ — 

Rates atopiad by Barcteya I 


, 75800-75650 
. 7.64507.8500 
1.8445-1 .B455 
. 2290022910 
. 8.6380-6.5410 
. (5570(53.80 
. 1401.014020 
— 41.97-4202 
. 74007-75012 
. 14640147.40 
. 13355-133.65 

stake in Blue Grcte. The 
shares finished 5p lower at 

ExteL the news agency and 
financial services group, 
slipped 3p to 348p, amid 
reports that the group is about 
to emerge as the white knight 
for McCorquodale, the 
specialist printer, which is 
fighting off a higher offer from 
rival Norton Opax following 
clearance from the Monopo- 
lies Commission. 

Last week, Extel’s priming 
subsidiary. Burrups. cele- 
brated the news that it had 
been awarded the contract to 
print the prospectus for Brit- 
ish Gas. 

Molins, the tobacco and 
corrugated board machinery 
manufacturer, slipped 2p to 
1 7 1 p. despite the news it had 
entered into a licensing agree- 
ment with General Motors to 
cover the use of its flexible 
manufacturing systems. In 
July, this column highlighted 
that Molins was pressing Gen- 
eral Motors for royalty pay- 
ments which could have 
totalled $400 million (£279 
million). However. Molins 
was not saying how much the 
licensing deal was worth 

- Combined English Stores 
finished I Op lower at 21 3p 
after going ex-dividend. 

Last night, Hoare Govett, 
the broker, arranged for the 
company to meet a number of 
leading fund managers. High 
on the list of topics discussed 
were current prospects. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Chancellor treads a 
political tightrope 

Now is the lime for all good men to 
come to the aid of the party. The 
Conservative Party that is. whose 
annua! conference, beginning on 
October 7, may conceivably be in- 
fected by the chill wind of financial 
troubles. In the foreign exchange 
market, where sentiment counts for 
nothing, the pound is under pressure 
— the kind of pressure that can turn a 
slide in sterling into an avalanche. 
The gilt-edged market is failing, a prey 
to anxieties which the money men 
argue will be relieved only by a rise in 
bank base rates. 

Already this week two good men 
have come forward. On Sunday the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. Nigel 
Lawson, in the wake of the failure of 
the five principal financial powers to 
reach agreement on a co-ordinated 
approach either to exchange or in- 
terest rates, spoke of “an almost 
unhealthy pre-occupation, in the mar- 
kets and in the press, with very short- 
term consequences/’ 

In the circumstances he could 
hardly have said anything different. 
The prop the markets had been 
expecting in the shape of a Group of 
Five agreement had not materialized: 
it did not require a former City editor 
of Mr Lawson's intelligence and 
perception to foresee how both press 
and markets would react yesterday. 

While the Chancellor kepi out of 
the limelight yesterday, the Governor 
of the Bank of England. Robin Leigh- 
Pembcrlon. put his distinguished 
head on the block. He ruled out any 
rise in interest rates, but apparently 
for one day only. This was a silly thing 
to have said and it detracted from his 
more cautious, and more diplomati- 
cally worded, later statements. Un- 
fortunately the Governor's words, 
while no doubt meant to reassure, 
sounded like the denials that used to 
precede by days or at most weeks the 
devaluations of sterling the financial 
markets had convinced themselves 
were inevitable. 

The same markets are convinced of 
the inevitability of higher interest 
rates. They may be wrong, as they 
were in January when the Treasury 
and Bank of England succeeded in 
holding the line for a week until the 
pressure for a one- point rise in base 
rates, then 12.5 per cent, abated. 

The markets’ feelings are best 
gauged by the difference between bank 
base rates and three-month sterling 
interbank rates. In January' interbank 
rates were % per cent above base rates. 
Yesterday the margin above base 
rates, now 10 percent, was II 3/16 per 
cent. This is loo much for the gilt- 
edged market, which is equally con- 
vinced that interest rates have to rise 
in order to shelter the pound. 

The weakness of sterling is the key 
factor. The effective rate slumped to a 
low yesterday despite the Bank of 

England’s moves to shore it up. The 
market view is that base rates need to 
be increased by two points, to 12 per 
cent, to relieve the pressure across the 
foreign exchanges and persuade the 
gill-edged market that the 
Government’s resolve is not slipping. 

Obviously the last thing the Prime 
Minister, her Chancellor and her 
Cabinet want is to face the party 
conference, and the country, having 
put up the cost of borrowing in 
dramatic fashion. Increases in base 
rates of more than a point arc 
associated in the public mind with 

Crisis is too strong a word for the 
current situation, however dire the 
behaviour of markets may seem. Bui 
1 2 per cent base rates would be critical 
for a Government, already concerned 
about its electoral prospects. Apart 
from the golden opportunities it 
would present to Mrs Thatcher's 
political opponents and the dismay 
they would cause among her support- 
ers. higher interest rates would have 
two disturbing consequences. 

In the first place they would make 
the British Gas issue more difficult, 
though not of course impossible: and 
even more serious, they would be 
certain to bring in their train higher 
mortgage rates. 

More expensive home loans might 
not. in themselves, be a bad thing in a 
roaring property market but they 
would register in the retail price index. 
Already the Government accepts that 
the Iasi RPI figure, which showed 
inflation down to 2.4 per cent, is the 
best likely to be seen this year. Dearer 
mongages would give a push to 
inflation at a very 1 inconvenient lime. 
Inconvenient in the sense that low 
inflation is one of the Government’s 
prime achievements and the beady 
eves of the world's money and 
exchange markets are focused on it. 

Royal Bank changes 

Royal Bank of Scotland yesterday 
announced a reorganisation at group 
level brought about by development 
into a broadly based financial services 

From October 1. Charles Winter 
will be confirmed as group chief 
executive. Rob Farley will become 
group deputy chief executive and will 
be succeeded in his job as head of the 
clearing bank by Bob Maiden, who 
moves from being general manager of 
the UK banking side. The changes are 
designed to convert the group holding 
company into an active body control- 
ling the whole group's affairs. 

Mr Farley, who was head of 
Williams & Glyn's domestic banking 
operation, took over as head of the 
RBS clearing bank when the two 
banks merged last year. Both Mr 
Winter and Mr Maiden have had long 
careers within RBS itself. 
























































■ns Gold 
















































5 2 



m Union 

















































































































































i Sec 



















5 7 








































































































; ) 














































' 800 


























•; «s 












■ — 














































































\ Lat. — 







Vfflber 29 1986. Tool contract! 2Q227 . OOB11557. PutiSKO. -Itetfartyfag ty price. 

28 32 - 3 8 

13 19 24 10 14 

8 10ft 16 22 24 


































Thom EM 

























































Feb May 


Feb May 
























BAT lltds 


























- 33 































1 (182) 

























































Imperial Gr 


































































■ ’■VI ■ 



















































— 1 
















































Vaal Reels 

























































2 55 








Tr 11%% 1991 









7 ft 










Trm% 03/07 






















i2ft m 













Sept Oct 


Dec Sept 




FT-SE 1525 

20 38 






Index 1550 

3 25 







(1543) 1575 

1 16 





5 a 


1 10 







1 7 








1 5 







1 3 








^ £ 


-J L 





Interbank saw considerable 
activity in the short dates, bat 
not much volume in the gen- 
eral range ttf periods as convic- 
tions deepened that a rise in 
base rates was imminent. Ma- 
turities from one to 12 months 
rose sharply. Day-to-day 
money was cheaply available 
once again as the authorities 
removed the shortage early to 
leave comfortable conditions 
for the rest of the day. 

Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10 
Discount Market Loans % 
Ovemeht High: 7% Low 5 
Week fowl: 

Trautsy ffito (Discount %) 

2mnth 10 % 
Smnth 10 ft 

2mnlJi 10% 
3 ninth 10% 

Prime Bank KBs (Discount %] 

1 rrmth I0ft-10% 2mnth 11-IOft 
Smnth 11 %-iOft emnth 10 VI Oft 

Trade MBs (Discount %) 

1 mirth-lift 2 moth 11 % 

3 mirth 11% 6mnth lift 


Ovemght open 8ft dose 2 

1 week 9ft-9ft 6 mnth ll’u-ii** 
Imnth 10fc-10% Srrmth lift-lift 
3 mirth 11%-11ft 12mth 11V11% 
Local Authority Deposftsfftl 

2 days 9ft 7 day* 8ft 

1 mirth 10% 3mnBi 10ft 

Smnth 11 l2mth 11 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth lOft-IO 2 mnth 10ft-10ft 
Simrth 10%-iOft Smnth IDft-lOft 
9 mirth lOVIOft 12 mth 10%-10ft 

3 mnth 11-10ft 
12 mth 11 VII 

3 mnth 6.08645 
12 mth 6286.15 

1 mnth lOVtC 
6 mnth llV.IOft 

Dollar Cos t%l 
imnth 645-440 
Smnth & 08545 



7 days e fc i»-6 1 i* 
3mnth 6V6 

7 days 4 ,l i*4»u 
3 mnth 4%<4ft 
Frenc h Franc 
7 days 0V8K 
3 mnth 8ft-7% 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2-1% 
3(TS11h 4 ft -4ft 

7 days 5V5 
3 mnth 5-454 

1 mnth 
6 mnth 


1 mnth 
6 mnth 

1 nrtth 
6 mnth 
1 mnth 
6 mnth 
1 mnth 





4’ v3*io 
4»i<r4 9 « 
4'w3 ,1 i» 



Knaarrand* (per coin): 
$434842940 (£29725-29925) 
Sovereigns’ pwe): 

5 1014810250 (£7875-7140) 
■Excludes VAT 


Fixed Raw Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reteenca rate tor 
interest period August 9. 1886 to 
September 2. 1966 inefctew 9490 per 

TSB Share Offer 

Nearly five million people have applied for TSB shares. 

That’s more than twice as many as in any other share offer 

We’re delighted with the success of the offer but so many people have applied 
we are unable to allocate shares to everyone. 

Nevertheless, over three million people will be receiving TSB shares. 

All customers who submitted a valid priority application will receive an 

allocation of shares. 

A ballot has been held on public applications with half receiving an allocation. 
The table below details the allocations. 

All staff and pensioners of the TSB Group who submitted a valid employee priority 
application will receive shares, although the larger applications have been scaled down. 

Jh view of the huge response to the offer; letters to everyone who applied for shares will now 
be posted on Thursday 9 October For successful applicants, these will stale the number 
of shares allocated. When this is less than the number applied fez; a refund will be enclosed. 
Fbr unsuccessful applicants, cheques will be returned. 

Dealings on The Stock Exchange will begin on Friday 10 October 
Thank you to everyone who said lbs. 

applied for 

Number of shares allocated 

applied for 

Number of shaxes allocated 


Public applications 


Public applications 


successful in 


successful in 




the ballot 

(Pink farms) 

(White fauns) 

(Pink farms) 

(White farms) 


























. 500 

















Successful public applications for 




15,000 shares receive 600 shares; 

for 20,000-70,000 receive 700 shaxes; 


far 75,000-1 million receive 1% of thf»ir application; 




for 1 million-3 million receive 10,000 shares; 




above 3 million no allocation. 

Remelnbei; you cannot be certain you own TSB shares until you receive a letter of acceptance. 






dam fie m 
*nm RH J2 


M ineeq 



Do Acom is 

2144 2256 
3*26 &S$I 
1015 1074 
1789 1884 
1*5 Vfl 9* 
wa i7sa 
81151 113* 
nzsr 13.14 

-02 300 
-00 310 
-09 310 
-04 464 
-07 404 
+32 U8 

*42 OSB 
-0.06 374 
-059 174 


CS Jlpta Rind 802 900 *43 023 

T^^gfcW^r. Wembley. KAB ONB 

g 0 A 2931 *34 306 
hcorn# 3»S 3*1.1 +14 32* 

Fft E*a 2264 2408 *124 028 

HBHft Wlem 1434 13 J 2 *&fl OflO 

30W «6 51.4* +12 120 

EW4*i BO SXC# +13 100 

J«n 60S tua *MOM 

ro B1 6 BM HHkt Lontan EC3 7X1 
01«I D01I 

£pW 6832 W74o -31 12* 

total# 278.1 2934 e -44 319 

NTOtaatan OUaBd *02 028 


OR HUH 939 1002 -071128 

&op*#i Brew BJ 635 +1,4 222 

Emiwn hooow -SOLO 


2!? JSFtapo* *■ ' to «* G2 2™ 

0*1-333 9133 

Ortnwa Q*i lac *30 472a -03 120 

ODAceum 482 437c -03 .. 

total# 0® Inc 41.1 437 -02 920 

ODAecan 431 *39 -as .. 

Santa Cot Inc 902 832 -OO 120 

Do Aecua 502 530 -02 .. 

Hoany nmr gn ud 

taene an 987 i«2 *34 ass 

Mur E#*y fewni 330 335 +13 427 

ta*r Spadto Sb* 904 940 *22 149 

AuftM# 272 297 .. 090 

EtlHM 412 *30 *04 000 

Ar Era too 992 207 *1.1 400 

Gto 2 Rua M 39.7 SIOc -as 038 

Growth S tocon 940 101.1 -24 478 

JtanSpMtoSta 402 464 *04 .. 

jSpefl WSJ 1962 +74 .. 

Mmmft tot 1408 1512 *42 021 

602 BSta -0843 
Proto H ooti QBl 324 349# -09 245 
South Gael tale 3U 376ft +15 028 
Spneu ets 1602 17*1# -42 024 

I'saLootai I 

tawkn M 0*1.1 H&M +943 129 
Jte gBrom pt. 8 *43.1 [ 45 07 *425 020 
Prapvty Trial £892*8 c .. 380 


J«P** *“ 

aa Oftor CMg Wj 

□0 Mbb 1924 1622 +22 136 

flitae OBi hi 1112 1192 —1.1 137 

Do More 1104 1374 -12 227 

limned PM Acc 931 610 -Q8 37D- 

l— WTjgi66| 90HiUIT TRUST 

ISV Hop* 3n*nc f lto e guw 02 SUM 
041 231 92SZ 

i*wfcaT "92 1241# *33 322 

S SS 2612 270M +5.7 121 

SSTco* *»** 226.1 -07 123 

wnmi PROwwtr emmur 



01-623 4S0O Eat 2B9 

m UK 1952 2072 -34 220 

Da Ttean 2173 2973 +1-1 280 

WMH <032 6*120 +162 025 

Do tola 7331 7952S *231 020 

taElOMC 997 10122 +45 018 

, 1 |g. a* *2,7 +2.1 1.10 

null till MO 936 592c +07 020 , 

WtaMfeMo S22 55.7a +12 240 

TO tea. M enial Wfll 3NS 

GfOBtruto £1128 1228 -027 10 

M Trun 1249 I4Z0C +48 120 

63 C*ir*» SeeeLLondre GC4M SA£ 

Outage 01-298 3685/W7/8W0 
IMIknltaB 1*64 1902 *24 070 

tan s Grown 582 bzac -12 2JS 

MMMtaflK 982 9*4 *02 041 

Americas Grow® 313 335a +22 . . 

J«n> Grow* 61.7 852 +30 0.0B 

Cl« LiJim Growth 703 738 -02 131 

IK Growth 592 572 -1.1 0.17 

Pndfc aow« SO! SM *09 .. 

VSgh tocoow 340 364c -0-1 720 

M Mer Ora M 

aa on® owj vw 

592 572 -11 0.17 

602 534 *02 - - 

340 364c -31 720 

532 S73a +01 12ft 
907 MOta *02 <71 

On Aeomt 807 MOta *02 178 


2SL Hire Htaom. MtClV 7EB 
01-405 3*41 

Grow® Rad toe 809 945 -12*» 

Oft Mam 1398 1411 -22 220 

•name Find 1108 iSOia -22 323 

W ■Equity MB 1991 1415# +0*121 

Do Acam 13*5 U£M +25 LSI 

IM Tnm toe 1248 mi -3.7 233 

On Acam 3104 3302 -45 193 

«. HMtaML HMy On Ttani 
0*81 6768*8 

HI Gro wth <608 2675c +72 073 

I nco me • 1866 1992 c -2< 449 

Wortdwtd* Me 1475 1667 *16 156 

tan OTCMtn 065 7a* +15 074 

« Emno Col 7X1 912 *OJ 038 

F*r Eat Ow® 784 BS2 +35 04* 

Snpwn Gfl 605 647 *05 143 

-Xv tf.’ s.v r sy?- 

412 *62 > -15 259 

82.0 06.7W -02102* 
till 123.1 .. 651 

<75 50.7 -06 182 

2902 2772 . . 150 

prourc war trust* 

221 etaaptato, London BC2 

Fro gm tfi a. Lopdtn . 

01-023 8000 

311 334 
7*3 704 

UK Btantod toe 675 714 -1.7 296 

Oft Mom 685 719 +15 291 

UK Grow® MU* 635 664 -1.T 252 

UK h8(7i Inc Inc 692665 -08 5.16 

N American Acam 646 69.1 +1.6 066 

Far Eastern Acam nai 1174 +74 000 

Emroem Acam 695 91 2a *19 1.11 
UK Get 8 n Inc 312 6*5 -ae 076 

Do Acam 525 565 -06 951 

Amor Growth toe 
Do Accent 
Fund toe T*t too 
Do Acam 
Wtto rieto toe 
Do Acam 
tot r to wy toe 

Japan Grow® toe 
Do Acam 
ameer &>» too 

UK Eq Growth Inc 
Do Acam 
Wafldeta Tam Inc 
DO Acam 


ESSES 1 a*" 

hwm And 

h— to n# s Qen 

625 632 
631 6T.1 
202 215* 
265 2774 
1202 18*4 
2103 22*5 
1021 1009 
1074 11*5 
1074 11*7 
107 0 11*1 
1600 1665# 
2074 2205 
274 995# 
465 407 
<04 432« 
409 495# 

*04 153 
*04 .. 
-01 213 
-05 .. 
-11 656 
-25 .. 
*07 LSI 
+a* .. 
+55 05* 
*65 .. 
-05 208 
-04 .. 
-08 091 
-14 .. 
+0.1 OX 
+at .. 

. 1175 ISBlc *85 078 
«! 644 1 -14 45 

964 10*2* -15 948 

1774 183.1 • +105 aaz 
1809 1307c *07 071 
67.7 729 S -21 159 

1105 1135 +47 an 

665 924# -15 451 

4202 4374 

2*6.1 2541 


EftullV Otatmlon 2844 2829# -35 248 
DO Mam 4185 4474# -45 245 
Ooeroom* 517 339 .. 5.10 

BBTOtani 792 8a* +05 1.11 

Ftr Eutara 1175 12558 +47 043 

at Turn 7*4 781C +01 710 

Ota, 835 885 +25 053 

ta fl.HM . 613 677ft +31 1.13 

i* a jtotoat Turn 771 824 +14 14 

2285 2*11c -85 350 

2604 277.7c -6.1 120 


mod. London BCty 2*r 

Japan Tech l Gan 1117 121.7 
hSniadmt tnocnw 56.7 ns 
Exempt 597.1 674 J 

UK Owoe 336 3S.8 

33 Ki>g warn 8mm 
01-638 5678 

Do Acam 
CDTOod* 8 Qm 
Do Acam 
BtalSsto toe 
Do Acam 
HlRwd toe 
Do Acam 
Hkto YMd 
Do Ac am 
Do Acam 
Do Acam 
R taftrtem toe 
Do Acam 
Enro 0® toe 

716 784 
loai 1085 
1211 1203 

171 .1 1825 
585 B*« 
602 717c 
504 5*1# 
8*1 830# 

1801 1631 

260.1 2774 
16 *5 1745 
2715 2387 
30a* 3204# 

316.1 3601# 
1005 1107 

131.1 1894 

127.1 1355 

H|gh IWd 


OBI-227 4422 


2D G®cn St, land 
01-620 0811 


M#i tocema That 
60 Actus 
US Growth 
Do Acam 

m. London EC4R SAS 

2265 2305 +1O0 15* 
7194 73*5* +2D4 117 
1746 1784 -05 6.41 

3975 4055 -55 132 

1506 1574 -44 253 

HE4 nai# -251356 

2*05 2925 +114 005 

595 635 -15 178 

7*5 7BJ# +10 117 
3*9 202 -08 077 

314 334# +09 147 
442 474e +14 036 

1104 1175 -A2 150 

1661 1651 -65 1.60 

675 832# -22 44* 
1032 1095# -24 44* 

5*5 601 +12 099 

665 592 +15 098 

Am# Tftch 0 Gen 955 1025# *35 03* 

Pacfc 1694 21X5 +72 OOO 

Sec tocoron Red 16*5 1734 -3.T *.iS 

Spec* Iftueeom 1184 2135 -*5 148 

tod Grow® 635 89.1ft +08 046 

American Mfton 661 735 *11 031 

8*M Co-S^ 385 41 J# -07 157 
Japan T# to 5 Gan 1117 121.7 *03 050 

mnaftmt tnocnw 507 69 8 -a* 553 

Exempt 597.1 574JC -112 22S 

UK Qeneta 3X5 355 15) 

Euro Omen *04 <31 +0.0 052 

Emu tocon# 454 407ft +14 450 


X George SL Edtobmgh BO 2X2 
091 225 2552 

tocon# Uni# 200 264c -02 247 

Da Acam Unta 277 297c -04 157 



45, awrioun Sft. Gdktonrgh 
031-226 3271 

American Fond 2154 2294 

Da Accun 205 2377 

Dp Wtad w w# 1912 161.1 

A it wr taw Pima run 1267 

Do Acam izos 12&J 

BftftU SIM 6184# 

Do Acam 7981 8374ft 

European Fund <1&2 33Ue 

DC Acctm 336.1 3569c 

Jena tad 684 712* 

Do Acam 671 714a 

an PPP 18X9 1737 


+65 142 
+74 141 
*45 242 
+49 1JB 
+40 155 
-11.1 444 
-1X1 «4* 

21* Codtepur Street SWTV 5BH 
Deato^HaOv 63D 2602 
UK toeoa# 232 344 

UK Grow® 235 244 

8m Ataca me. Hormmn. Sueem 

0*03 66289 

Brio That Ace 3784 400 J -09 £49 

N ta TntM Acc 57.6 812 +21 143 

Far East Trutt Acc 922 3X0 +19 02* 

WoritMd* Bond 614 6*5 *05 64* 


-15 156 
-44 256 
+54 353 
+77 XS3 
.. 75* 
.. 75* 
-04 853 
>14 953 
-1.1 571 
-17 571 
-25 4JM 
-4.1 *JM 
+155 056 
+167 aon 
♦31 151 
+45 15* 
+02 146 

Keens Home. Mrdow. Ka 
028* 95789 D—n g K OBB* 
American toe 1115 

Dc Acam 1174 

eon mean# toe ii34 

_ Do Atom 1354 

Garni lit* Inc 1534 

Do Acam 2519 

GRS Rmd toe «i 

Do Acam 614 

toama 2115 

Aram 3301 

PtoMctac 11X0 

Dd Acam 161- 7 

M too 33X* 

Do Acam 411.7 

Setoctod Opp. toe 634 

Do Acam 6B4 

Ntaato Dm 499 

Do Acam 514 

nto, 8P10 IPO 


1190ft *54 148 
123.1ft *46 146 
1206* -14 &S0 

1445ft -1.7 540 
1634 -16 291 

289.1 -65 291 

49 4 -ai 90S 
6*2 +0-1 946 

2251 -A3 444 

3511 -65 444 

1674 4181 0*0 
1934 *135 <M0 
35*7 +144 110 

<885 +777 110 
67.1# -05 152 
74.1# -15 152 
S3.1C +22 195 
6*5fl +13 195 

The prices In this 
section refer to 
Friday's trading 

• Ex dtvktafid. C Cum dmdand. k Cum 
stock sphL s Ex slock split m Cum al 
(any tan or more of above), a Ex aH (any 
two or more ol abo»a). DoaUng or 
valuation days (i) Monday. (2) Tuesday. 
(3) Wednesday. (4) Thursday. (5) Friday. 
(20) 25th of month. (21) 2nd Thursday or 
month. (22) 1st and 3rd Wednesday of 
month. (23) 20th Of month. [24) 3rd 
Tuesday ol month. (25) 1st anti 3rd 
Thursday of month. (26) 4th Tuesday ol 
month. (27) 1st Wednesday of month. (28) 
Last Thursday of month. (29) 3rd woriiuig 
day of month. (30) iGth of month, pi) 1st 
woritino day of month. (32) 20tti of month. 
(33) in day at February. May. August 
November. (34} Lost working day of 

month. (35)i5th ol month. (36) 14th of 
month. (37) 21st ol month. (38) 3rd 
Wednesday of month. (39) 2nd 
Wednesday of month. (40) Valued 
monthly. (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
Exchange account (42) Last day ot 
month. (43) 2nd and 4th Wednesday of 
month. (44) Quarterly. (45) 6th oi month. 
(46) 2nd Tuesday a mwah. 

1*3# Haro 

0298 SMI 
An#r Eaoto 

1 Rd. Aytoabroy Bucks 

714 754 
199 200 

+14 058 
♦1J 0.10 



» 8-6 6J135 

-I 11 42 134 

-2 38 *1 1X7 

+2 3.1 89125 

451 .. .. 


a .. xe 

+9 13 





> .. 44 


B . . **J 

a ! ! il« 


e-3 SS 


■ .. 7.1 

9 .. 37 

I .. 64 

-2 05 


-10 30 

14 46 100 

e+i 0* 6J117 

♦3 90 11 1X0 

i.i si to i 

+2 50 67 65 

-V ilb 17 2X4 
-a iia 74 75 

+1 40 69 <05 

+1 14 U .. 

*1 146 31 . . 

-IS 5-0 15 15* 

+3 55 12219 

1156 61 XI 

34 35 1*4 
25 17 194 

14 224 13 
.. 6 .. 155 

19 45 131 
*8 25211 

I . . ZOO 6J 06 

*2 3-1 24 IU 


-1 3-1 14 212 

.. 35 *62 .. 

31 27 208 
.. a .. 15 

15 21 X2 
31 29 214 

-3 35 02139 

[] 11 10 2X1 


15 16 220 

7.1*164 305 
9.. BA 1*135 

07 +0 121 

IS 15 144 

TA 33 3X2 

. , 0.7* 1.< 112 

75 65 95 

2J <4 175 

63 29 225 

41 60 85 1*0 

*4 13 1.71X0 


1.7 14165 

+2 11 21 as 

I . . 1.4 11 115 

-1 49 2*215 

-3 39 47 198 

04 14143 

I .. 37 4.1 .. 

18 63 9.1 

-2 19 Z9 163 

54 65 XI 

10.7814.1 5.1 
I . . 7.0 XX >13 

56 15 885 

-1 03 17 1*5 

-I 15 481X7 

11 24 224 

♦2 04 14 215 

I . 95 5510 

+2 . . * es 

*2 96 25174 

I , . 45 M 164 

.. 13 25121 

;; 14 105 83 

1 . 7.1 XI 11.7 

-1 64 XI 118 

2* IBS 

31 13 

115 *4 

103 68 

333 190 

32 21 
330 233 
«90 118 

28 2 
1*S IQS 
120 73 

to *a 

530 393 

92 .£ 
320 220 

S 3 aj 

1*3 93 
113 67 
« 37 
136 » 
49 32 
118 10P 
15* 146 
91 73 

140 B5 
196 133 
82 17 

35 77 

255 ISO 
580 W1 
12S 46 
90 6* 

95 SS 

17E 92 

39 9 

116 161 
308 19S 
220 123 

86 73 

19 9 
re u 
1*6 136 
380 J» 

1» os 

102 71 

96 59 

780 360 
220 100 
*7 22 
3B 21 

103 IBS 
220 130 

47 13 

156 108 
t» 82 
1S8 127 
90 » 

a>> ish 

115 63 
tea ms 
367 237 
61 6 
S'l 0*3 

20 14 

96 78 

77 75 

21 10 

149 91 

150 » 
IB 83 
46 M 
73 33 

106 71 

ae*j ir*i 

12s ire 
230 175 
250 1« 
200 110 
13* 111 
uo ire 
16* 52 

1*6 73 

305 19* 
205 115 
188 91 
1*5 70 

SB 63 
56 42 
145 113 
SO 32 
199 VX 
<83 270 
98 60 

260 MO 

76 43 
HO 420 
135 91 
385 368 
9* 91 

100 41 
V» «1 
110 79 
IX 1* 
96 SB 
191 ISO 
10 4’. 

27*7 16*r 
<00 98 
90 <8 

718 151 
2S 148 
98 63 


*2 21.7 


46 386 

4 A 





09 75.8 

XBh 12 4X6 

16ft 08 .. 


56 302 




46 8X8 


36 *56 


*8 358 


02 .. 


86 1X1 




06 .. 

1-4* 06 .. 

XQb 4.1 6*6 


06 776 


36 421 


1.7 620 




20 806 


28 7X7 




16 782 


16 .. 


42 307 


86 82 


16 820 




<2 84.1 


LI .. 


27 512 


06 .. 


*< <21 




22 9X1 

21b 16B76 

140 256*6 


09 ." 


16 .. 

176b 56 au 


25 5X6 



466 11402 


16 906 


11 702 

01 TR tarinSa 82 

95 TR CAy Of Lon DM 108 
133 TR id 4 Own 20* 
100 'j TH Nam Be* 139 
B9 TR nor® Ament a S3 
lie TR Padflc Baton 173 
140 IB Property T7* 
30h TR Tedi 99 

138 TR Tru«MM 167 

«5 T wp. Be MS 

237 Thwgmonon 279 
300 TtiTOB Swowd Cm 345 
«7h Ran* Qea#fc 205 
112 Ttaftft 140 

79 TrUMtotae tab 


aO'i Wan 97 

286 T a owi 3*0 

X5 17 614 
<5 2.9 <0.1 
155 165 84 
X3 345X3 

25b 74 195 
U 16361 
25 1* 55.1 
15.1b 44 3X1 


47 *. 3 *'* 
71 SI 
49 21 
15 * 116 
a* 13 V 
20 '. 

156 131 
173 90 

2*7 1H7 

ire 66 
788 375 
M 77 
206 163 
161 76 


Britain# Arrow 

Eng mat 

Fro# Gp 


2te 1SS ICM 
440 320 MAI 
288 190 M&G 
382 252 IHirertoto Hcaw 
127 7B ftoefBc to* TSt 
zsh is Da wanrone 
are 1S2 amflii *#» court 

idi 62 ii 


26 2B1X1 
17 64 9J 

44 47 125 
4 J T2 107 
20b 29 234 


GW Joyaenn and Co report 

SUGAR (TYom C. CzsrnBcow) 

Ctet 10344MJ 

Dec 121JW2J) 

March 134.4^*4 


— 145,046,0 








137.0- 3X2 

134.0- 334 




UnoTBcM prtefts 
Official Tumovwr Hgwm 
Me» in E per satoie tonn# 
SBmfn pane* par trey none* 
Rtnfoir Wolf * Co. Ud. report 


Ceta 9430-9444 

Three Months 96X0-96X5 

Vol 2000 

Tone Steady. 


Cash - 921.0*92X0 

Tfne Months—^ 94X064X0 

Vof NB 

Tone — - m» 


Cash 277-5*278.0 

Three Months — 282.0-282-5 

Voi 8S0 

Ton# Steady/Quiet 


CUh 580.04900 

Vol Nfl 

Ton# idta 


Cash — 

Three Months — 


Tone — — 



Three Monas — 


Tone — ... 







Sheep noe. down 2X5 %, awe. 


Epw tonne 
onth Open a 

Cash 83348344 

Three Months — 81448154 

Vol 5800 

Tone Steady 


Cash 28042905 

Three Months 2650-2655 

Vo I 24 

Tone Quiet 

AwwrftBetwtwteckprtcea et 
renresentathre markets on 
September 29 

GB: QraM. 91-54P per kg far 

■ eat deed csreese weight 

Engtaxf and WMes: 

Cattle nos. down 194 %, eve. 

Pig Contract p. per kilo 
tenth Open Close 
>ct UJ14 10340 

(ov Unq- 104.50 

eb Unq. 9840 

pffi Unq. 99.00 

une Unq. 98.00 


forth open Close 

a Unq 96X0 

at Unq. 99.30 

* Unq. 99.50 

pill Una 99-5o 

me Unq. 9X50 


Spar term 

Wheat Barfay 
***** Cteft Ckrt* 

' ' lOXra 10945 

ten 11X70' 111^0 

4arch 11175 «XS0 

Hay 114.70 11E60 

Open Close 
J08.W 10X60 
12040 120.00 
17340 16X50 
1»40 18440 
65.00 9(L00 


Future. Ud 

report 810 

High/Low Close i 
Ocxtt 930.0023.0 62X5 'i. 

Jan 87 8284825 0 82X5 ^ 

Apr§7 865.0-S60 0 8624 t 

Jto87 7744766 0 772.0 S 

OaB7 88548864 8825 

J*nM 910.0-910.0 910.0.# 

AprJ8 975.0-975.0 9654# 

Jul 88 870,0-870.0 870 Sf 

Vof; 260 lots F 

Open interest 2551 3 


tanker report 

i ri£ TIMES TUESDAY ScP 1 c^iaEI< 30 i ?oo 

ru S l/ 

— ^cld— 

From your portfolio card check vour 
eight share price roovcniciux Add than 
np to give vou your overall totaL Cheek 
uus against the daily dividend figure 

E ubiisned on litis page- If it matches you 
jvc won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money sated, if yon are a 
winner follow the daint procedure on the 
back of your cant You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Account opens with sharp fall 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began yesterday. Dealings end October 10. §Coniango day October 1 3. Settlement day October 20. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


© rwwNwwiwl Mf al 


Claims required for 
-22 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Cab or 

Nat Csatpany 




Bd haven 



Hr? It*. Coeval* 

o* «a 

tar* C«3» prxfl "> 


54 73 


79 M 
3*3 as 
300 130 
21 S 
48 19 
7 2'J 

20 »*■* 
110 28 
1*3 80 
33'.- 21 
HP. *3 
970 653 
181 W3 
97 18 

16 *V 
IS 41 
an bo 
218 12S 
$0 29'. 

hCA Dnmto 
Da une 
to* Cooi 
hm London 04 
CM Gwen 

TH Energy 
Targra " 
Troon Enact 

9* <4 

Price Cn <?» prnc: ■. P.C 

43 »l 37 
-3 174a1*f 3.T 

i *ii'i 1*2. k; 
r £« 

2.1 6? U 
*3 12 73 


St 31 
914 57 88 

84 8.141.9 
... 18 
. .. 183 

714142 22 

73 »* *3 


AWT U*. 
Am a Am 
amtb van 

Am OWn 

Con Unrjn 

gw amm 

Mooe nobraan 
London A Man 
lot um m> 



a»i«n W a 
Surg* Ha y 
6*4i AUncs 

1M -3 


£798 -5 


355 • .. 

790 4-3 

264 4-7 

203 -a 

305 *5 

m -is 

782 -IB 

442 -10 

319 4-4 

225 4-5 

173 -5 

443 • .. 

r*5 -v 

228 •-£'» 

285 -5 

C1«t ■ . 
784 4-8 

373 4-2 

762 -30 

325 4-8 

447 «-1 


8*2 -20 

872 4-4-i 

200 B-1 

442 •-3’> 

99 54 .. 
180 44 .. 

880 as 

85 24 244 
44.7 S A .. 
174 86 .. 

98 37 .. 

343 43 IM 
428 5 8 22.1 

349 79 86 
137 43 128 
123 55 287 
35 49 63 

2488 38 123 
220 4« 

114 S3 106 

123 *3 183 

881 48 . . 
388 49 517 
20 4 55 .. 
388 51 823 
1718 53 155 
137 35 181 
lDOn 2 3 200 
275 45 578 

354 41 .. 

53 27 73 
123 23 2D3 

rmt umml 
Hrnnn i CraMa 

Jacks (VM) 

Ocean WMon 
Paaenon Zbcii 
pa a- 
Pa* P m* 

5m DMDv 
SM Bra* 

Tozw KamSay 

-1 07 13 143 

100 83 133 

-1 59 73 

29 8 7 7 IU 

*2 aa 58 331 4 9 U.0 

1-3 17 1 61 103 

38 75 84 

*7 68 38 7.8 

*2 68 33 M 

I . 75 30 23 

229 41 li'O 
-3 a 505 

I .. 107 30 6 * 

tm reat nra m Trusts apptsr on Pspt 22 

42B 291 
247 1® 
158 MB 
111 78*i 

132 102 

iBB ita 
1® STS 
138 82 

306 2*5 
1® US 
1® U2 

22 S 15 
183 07 
131 700 
223 176 

133 111 
298 216 
171 1*8 
488 MO 
101 S 72*. 
1® 66 

II 73* 
410 333 
118 99 
16S IIS 
189 119 

1 S 1 S 

330 216 

1S3 67 

Br Bwart 


Cbetaa Bro* 
Da "A" 

Cory (Horace) 

Do OH 


He* Lloyd 

top Crura M 


StntfHa Smtni 
Wetasratotow RUt 
Yortiitto Cton 

c*4S r .. 
228 +10 
410 +2 


137 -1 

noos .. 


116 +* 
2OT -1 

*» • 
194 8+3 

118 -2 
225 +1 

3M . •“?. 

‘S 3 

nos •-'» 

358 • 


£14 -S 
184 -6 

85 U-1 

ua u+6 
2S6 +2 

48 -I 
227 0-3 

138 • .. 

37 68124 
468 48 119 
128 38148 
54 4.71*8 
05 .. .. 

28 18 208 
3.7 X1 1*9 
27 28 178 

“ 578 

112 58 255 
43 32128 


1» 119 
74 81 
185 126', 


Birr a WA -A- 12S 

Boom* 6 Hn*u 175 

Bran tor 177 

Camper, 54 

OxysxXx in 

Fnt 1 earns 355 

ORA 52 

Hrrrtamar Breaks BO 

wmxon Tmol 130 

n iwn in 

JWant* Mdoa 48 

Let me 167 

Meonaunr 140 

tornna 313 

Refty Uutm 380 

ftkrj Loom 40 

G« HoMxyt 132 

SmMon Gp IM 

StwVkf Lana* 135 

Townfum Hottpur 73 

Zraure 183 

1 3U22X 

SMH lauun 
Tomtom Hon 


39 22 

323 201 
78 42 - 
TBS 41 
121 89 
. 58 84 

n a 

35 23 

2*0 179 
MS 96 
83 58S 

236 159 
4® 319 
423 306 
119 64 

a 31 





u K n ‘S? nd 

Do DM 
Lon 8 Nthn 
Um M8 

Low 9 Barer 
Ml Hdg* 




2*3 178 MS TV 'A 
52 27 Okcnaar 

240 176 mvk/v 
395 2*3 U*T HUB* 
350 IM Scot TV 
273 1*9 TVS H/V 
« 31 TSW 

250 223 ItmlV 
175 19BSHMM 
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Bradtart 445 

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Cap 6 Counties 233 

CanKf Prop 268 

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Country 6 New 113 

Courtty V 170 

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Land Socur mas 306 
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Lon snop ftop 185 

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Manvto Moon 2® 

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Muchfewr IA 6 J) 96 

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Rnsarrawb 550 

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Spoy+wu* 380 

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Orders hard to obtain, 
says Adwest chairman 


Shop rents show top 

rPtllTTK! Market town shop n 

■* v-Llli have erown more than 

By Judith Hundey 

.Retail properly rents in 
Britain's market towns are 
outperforming the rest of the 
sector and outstripped infla- 
tion by 1 3 per cent this year, 
according to a new research 
index produced by Hilixer 
Parker, the surveyors. 

Market town shop rents 
have grown more than the 
firm's shop rent index for the 
last four years, confirming its 
view and that of investing 
institutions that such retail 
property is a highly perform- 
ing investment 
The shop rent index rose by 
40 per cent compared with 58 
per cent for the market town 
index in the last four years. 

By Lawrence Lem 

A severe cutback in produc- 
tion and staffing at one of its 
motor subsidiaries has forced 
the Adwest Group to make an 
extraordinary provision of 
£17 million before tax in its 
full-year results to June 30. 

Mr Frank Waller, chairman 
of the engineering, motor, 
defence and property develop- 
ment group, said yesterday 
that it had been “a difficult 
year" for Ad wesL“ We’ve had 
our problems — who hasn't 
these days?” 

Profits before tax for the 
year were £10 million against 
£8.7 million the previous year. 

However, the increase is 
before charging the costs of 
closing a substantial part of 
Adwest's subsidiary. Burman 
and Sons, at which 400 of the 

Profits up 
at Frank 

By Alison Eadie 
Pretax profits at Frank 
Usher, designer of special 
occasion wear, jumped 55 per 
cent to £694.000 in the six 
months to July 31. on sales 39 
per cent up at £4.8 million. 

The figures are the first to be 
released since the company 
came to the unlisted securities 
market in May. after a 
management buy-out from 
Mrs Jennifer d'Abo's 
Selin court. 

The order book for the 1987 
spring-summer collection is 
ahead of the previous year. 
New areas like the Dusk label 
for the younger and less 
expensive market and ranges 
for the larger woman have 
both made promising starts. 

Overseas sales have also 

The company is considering 
making a greater push into the 
United States market and 
taking shop-within-shop 
premises rather than selling 
directly to department stores. 
As predicted at the time of the 
USM placing, the interim 
dividend is 1.5p net. 

Smurfit clinches £800m deal 

Jefferson Smurfit. the paper 
and packaging group, is 
completing the £800 million 
purchase of Container 
Corporation of America to- 
day. making it one of the top 
10 paper companies in the 

The purchase is a complex 
one. involving a jointly- 
owned company with Morgan 
Stanley, the American invest- 
ment house. Initially Con- 
tainer Corporation will be 
treated as an associate com- 

By John Bell, City Editor 

pany. but with last reported 
sales of SI. 7 billion (£1.2 
billion), the impact on the 
Smurfit group will be sizeable: 

Group half-time profits re- 
leased yesterday were over- 
shadowed by the near 
completion of the US deaL 

The inclusion of an excep- 
tional credit of Ir£4.375 mil- 
lion helped to lift pretax 
profits to Ir£24.122 million 
compared with lr£20.32 mil- 
lion last time. 

Earnings per share were 6p 

compared with 5.5p. Mr Rob- 
ert Holmes. Smurfit's bead of 
finance, pointed out that the 
34 per cent fell of the dollar 
against the Irish Punt has 
badly affected results from the 
US operations, which account 
for 78 per cent of group sales. 

The group remains con- 
fident about the outlook for 
the second half of the year, 
especially in the US where 
prices are firming. Record 
levels of sales and profits are 
forecast for the full year. 

600 workforce have been 
made redundant after a 50 per 
cent fall in demand for the 
company's steering gear and 
lubricating pumps. 

The extraordinary charge is 
reduced from £17 million to 
£1.7 million after tax- But a 
further charge of about 
£550.000 will come through to 
next year's figures, reflecting 
the costs of redundancies just 
before the end of the 
company's financial year. 

Burman made a trading loss 
of £500.000. Its problems stem 
from a fell in demand and 
consequential overstocking in 
the tractor industry, and a 
decline in steering gear sup- 
plies to Iran. 

Adwest's profits from its 
defence companies - pur- 

chased from Oceonics for £13 
million in January — were £1.1 
million. Profits from the en- 
gineering division . declined 
from £1.5 million to £1.1 

Mr Waller, in his 
chairman's statement, says 
that orders “ continue to be 
difficult to obtain.” 

He is optimistic on pros- 
pects for the company's prop- 
erty division, where profits 
rose from £1.7 million to 
almost £2.1 million. Indica- 
tions from the Reading shop- 
ping centre, which the 
company will complete in 
February, are that demand 
from lessees will be high. 

Adwest is paying a final 
dividend of 6.83p a share 
(6.15p). bringing the total to 

Strong recovery in UK 
boosts Ruebv Portland 

Kwik-Fit interim 
profits up 56% 

Kwik-Fit, Europe's largest 
independent tyres and ex- 
hausts retailer, yesterday an- 
nounced pretax profits up 56 
per cent — a new half-year 
record. The news was 
accompanied by a free shares 
hand-out and dividend boost 

Mr Thomas Fanner, the 
Scottish millionaire who has 
built Kwik-Fit into a group 
with a chain of 325 service 
centres in the UK and Hol- 
land, announced pretax prof- 
its of £5.32 million compared 
with £3.43 million in the 
opening half of last year. 

He said sales of all the 
group's products had been 

“substantially up"; market 
shares for tyres and exhausts 
had increased significantly 
and group borrowings had 
been reduced by £8 million to 
less than £7 million. 

Mr Fanner was confident 
the full-year results would 
show continued good 

The group is celebrating the 
half-year figures with a divi- 
dend increase from lp to 
1 .25p per share and sharehold- 
ers receive a shares hand-out 
on die basis of one new one for 
every four already held. 

Kwik-Fit’s shares gained 6p 
to 126p yesterday. 

Dominion in $27m US 
computer group buy 

By Lawrence Lew 

Dominion International, 
the financial services, natural 
resources and property hold- 
ing company, yesterday an- 
nounced the purchase of 
Transnational, a privately 
owned United Suites com- 
puter leasing group, for a 
maximum consideration of 
$27 million (£18.2 million). 

Mr Max Lewinsohn, 
Dominion's chairman, de- 
scribed the move as indicative 
of its increasing focus on 
financial services. 

Dominion is paying an 
initial $12 million far Trans- 
national which made profits 
before tax and drawings of $4 
million in 1985. 

Transnational, which fo- 
cuses on financing peripheral 
computer equipment for big 
corporate clients, had net 
tangible assets of $9.6 million 
at the end of last year before 
taxation provisions. 

Dominion, which made 
pretax profits of £1 1 million 

• • 


‘Record Profits’ 

The anticipated strong recovery has 
materialised. Record profits were achieved 
in the first half. 

The UX has performed particularly 
i veil with strong profits from the neiviy 
acquired John Carr (Doncaster) PJLC and 
the UX Cement Division recovering 

All overseas subsidiaries increased 
their local trading profits but exchange rate 
fluctuations have eliminated the increase. 

Our acquisition programme 
continues, and benefits will be felt in 198 7. 

Prospects for the Group for the 
remainder of the year look favourable. 

The interim dividend has been 
increased to 3.ip from 2.9p. 

G. A. Higham Chairman 

Interim Results in Brief 

e maths 6 month* 
teSMh toatJth 
lam hme 

MM 1965 

Yew to 










Profit on ordinary 
activities before 








Earnings per share 




Dividends per share 

3.1 p 



Exchange rates used: AS— Cl 








Thestx months figures are unaudited. Thehguras for Pie 
year ended 3tst Oeceinber IS85 are an abridged version 
of theCompany'sfuil account? for (bat year which 
received an ud quads edandilore' report ondhave been 
bled wnb the Registrar of Companies. 

The Secretary, The Rugby 

Fora copy of the 1986 Interim Report, please contact 

igby Portland Gament RLC. Crown Haase. Rugby CV 21 2DT Tel: 0788201. 

last year, is paying $10 million 
in cash and the remainder in 
shares. Transnational will buy 
the shares at I25p or the 
market price if higher. 
■ Dominion's share price rose 
3p to UOp on the 

Up to a further SI 5 million 
will be paid depending on 
Transnational's profits over 
the next three and a half years. 
Payment of the maximum 
amount could involve the 
issue of 6.5 million Dominion 
shares, increasing its share 
capital by 12fe per cent 

. $6m purchase 

Wiener Enterprises ,44.3 
per cent owned by Ward 
White Group, has agreed to 
purchase the outstanding 
common stock of the pri- 
vately-owned Builderama for 
$6 million cash (£4.16 mil- 

They were obviously out in 
their shirt sleeves at Rugby 
Portland Cement in the first 
half of the year, busily mak- 
ing money. The interim state- 
ment was unusual for felling 
to mention the bad weather. 
However, with British ce- 
ment and lime trading profits 
up from £1 .8 million to £6.6 
million, it might have been 
churlish to look for excuses as 
to why profits were not higher 

Rugby's southern bias pro- 
tected it from the worst of the 
weather, but the absence of 
adverse factors such as the 
miners* strike, together with a 
lower cost base provided the 
main boost to profits. Market 
share has recovered. Rugby 
should sell 2.4 million tonnes 
of cement this year, com- 
pared with 2-3 million tonnes 
last year. 

As yet. sales of imported 
Greek cement are negligible 
but domestic price rises have 
again gone into abeyance. 
Margins could suffer if it 
became necessary to adjust 
regional prices to meet the 

Although Rugby’s British 
cement business is now more 
stable and should be able to 
hold its own in the presenoe 
of importers, prospects for 
the industry are at best 
unexciting. The growth 
potential of the group is 
coming from the timber 
products business. John Carr. 

Carr made interim trading 
profits of more than £4 
million. Its profitability is 
improving as is its market 
share. Rothervale Joinery, 
acquired in July, will contrib- 
ute in the second half. 

Australia, though ahead in 
local currency terms, was 
affected by exchange move- 
ments. Full-year profits will 
reflea a lower level of activ- 
ities and a higher interest 

The rapid expansion im- 
plemented at Addison 
Corporation in the US has 
doubled both turnover and 
the number of depots. This 
has had a short-term damag- 
ing affect on margins al- 
though the outlook is now 

Profits of related cement 
companies in the US were 
tower River Cement in the 
southern states has been 
particularly badly hit by im- 

The quality and mix of 
profits at Rugby Portand 
have changed almost beyond 
recognition in the last few 
years. Although there is still 
room for further improve- 
ment in the existing busi- 
nesses, the group is actively 
looking foracquisitions at the 
light end of the industry. The 
balance sheet will be able to 
cope as gearing should have 


Share price 



Sllshare imoex. 

fallen by the year-end to 
about 25 per cent 

Profits of £32 million and 
15.4p earnings are likely this 
year. Although the short-term 
outlook for the sector is 
cloudy, the changes at Rugby 
make the shares attraaive on 
the fundamentals as well as 
on the traditionally high 

John Menzies 

John Menzies seems to be 
rising above the disruption 
caused in London's news- 
paper wholesaling trade by 
the switch in distribution of 
News international's four ti- 

Lost sales will amount to 
£15 million in the full year, 
but Menzies has made the 
necessary adjustments in 
manning levels. It is not 
quantifying the lost profits or 
redundancy costs. 

Although distribution 
overheads are less susceptible 
to reduction, there is hope of 
filling up the vans again with 
the relaunched Today and the 
soon-to-be-launched In- 

Two acquisitions. Early 
Learning Centres, the educa- 
tional toy chain, and 
Readmore. the New York 
magazine subscription 
agency, performed well. 

Ten Early Learning stores 
will be open in the United 
States by Christmas and the 
British tally will rise to nearly 
140, from 96 when Menzies 
acquired it in May last year. 

The main benefit from the 
opening programme wiU 
come next year. Menzies is 
still on the look-out for 
acquisitions and may soon be 
announcing a home-based 
buy worth about £5 million. 

As always. Christmas is the 
crucial period. With con- 
sumer spending holding up 
and wages outstripping price 
inflation, the signs are 

Menzies is expected to 
make £21.5 million this year, 
giving a prospective p/e ratio 
of 1 3, on shares unchanged at 
3I3p. The shares are reason- 
ably priced against the stores 


Having publicly displayed 
all its dirty linen Iasi year. 
Inchcape was able io present 
a fer cleaner washing line 
with its interim results yes- 
terday. The figures, showing 
pretax profits rising from 
£36.2 million to £39.7 mil- 
lion, were at the wp end ot 
expectations and certainly 
justified The Times lipping 
Inchape as “recovery stock ol 
1986 ” in January’- The shares 
have risen by 47 per cent 
since then, adding a further 
5p to 446p yesterday. 

It was lnchape's motor 
division which drove the 
group to higher profits in the 
first half. The _ retail and 
wholesale operations in Brit- 
ain and the continent per- 
formed well but. more 
importantly, there were no 
more provisions to be made 
in Malavsia against Inchcape 
Berhad's heavy equipment 
and agricultural machinery 

Outside the motors di- 
vision. the picture was less 
rosy, with profits halving in 
both general merchanting 
and tea but showing a useful 
gain in insurance, where 
Inchcape expanded in May 
with the $27 million (£19.3) 
purchase of Intertek Services 
in the United States. 

The next 12 months are 
likely to sec more ac- 
quisitions as Mr George 
Turnbull, the chairman and 
chief executive, pursues his 
twin-track policy of expand- 
ing in areas of strength and 
rationalising the less profit- 
able sidelines 

Although the sharp price 
rise is bound to flush out 
profit-takers soon, there are 
still some good reasons for 
following Inchcape through. 

With more of last year's 
horrors being washed out in 
the second naif, the group 
should achieve pretax profits 
of £75 million, putting ihe 
shares on a p/e ratio of 10 
after a lower tax charge. And 
with so much of Inchcape's 
money coming from abroad, 
the stock has added flavour if 
sterling continues on its dis- 
mal downward path. 

Half-time profits rise at Watts Blake 

Pretax profits of Watts 
Blake Beame rose by 18.8 per 
cent to £2.53 million in the 
first half of this year. Turn- 
over expanded from £14.09 
million to £15.44 million. The 
board of this producer of ball 
and china clays explains that a 
good performance by the West 
German subsidiary was the 
main factor behind the higher 

The interim dividend of this 
group, which is based in 
Newton Abbot Devon, is 
being raised from 1.47p to 
1.62p. It will be payable on 
November 28. 

Watts’s performance in 
Britain has been fairly static, 
with sales increasing by only 
£22,000. Better sales of ball 
day to the British ceramics 
industry have been largely 
offset by a reduction in the 
demand for china clay in the 
fertilizer industiy. 

China day sales were, 
nevertheless, higher because 
of continued strong demand 
from the paper industry. 

The company is now sitting 
on a "cash mountain” of 
about £62 million. Mr John 
Pike, the managing director, 
says that Watts is looking for 
further acquisitions in West 
Germany, wiU be incurring 
expenditure on plant and 
machinery as well as improv- 
ing product quality. 


The company has bought from 
the receivers of Vouchurst, the 
property, equipment and stock 
of the former Avis cash and 
carry at Shadswonh Industrial 
Estate. Blackburn .for about 
£500.000 cash. This purpose- 
built unit is 30 miles north-east 
of the big M6 warehouse at 
Haydock. St Helens. It repre- 
sents a 12 per cent increase in 
the group’s selling space, al- 
though it is expected to have a 
minimal effect on group results 
for 1986. 

per cent holding in Town and 
County- Estates (Cheshire) has 
been sold to Laurentina UK for 
£500,000 cash. In addition, 
loans of about £185.000 have 
been repaid to Hollas. Hollas 
acquired the interest in 1984 for 

Year to March 31. Turnover £12 
million (£6.19 million). Pretax 
loss £3J7 million (loss £1.62 
million). Loss per share 8.14p 
(9.18p). The board is confident 
dial the group will be brought 
into profitability within a 
reasonable period. 

ANCE: Under an arrangement 
with the Wes* Bromwich Build- 
ing Society, each will be able to 
market the other's products. 
More than 60 of Britannic's 
district offices in the midlands 
and in Wales will have building 
society agency facilities. West 
Bromwich has provisionally 
allocated £25 million to Britan- 
nic for mortgage lending. 

terim dividend 1.75p (same) for 
the 26 weeks to June 27. 
Turnover £15.13 million 
(£ 1 5.36 million). Pretax profit 
£472.000 (£420.000). The board 
reports that order intake has 
recently shown a significant 
improvement and all rectories 
are currently working to 

CAPITAL FUND: Half-year 
Feb. 7 to July 31 (compared 
with Feb. 1 to Aug. 1. 1985). 
Income from investments and 
bank deposits (net of withhold- 
ing taxes) $315,743 <£219.000), 
against $90,980. Net income 
$159,150 ($27,175). . Interim 
dividend 12 cents (5 cents). 

INSURANCE: First half of 
1986. Interim dividend 6. Ip 
(5. Ip), payable on Nov. 26. 
Premium income: industrial 
branch. £44,4 million (£44.81 
million), ordinary branch. £8.37 
million (£7.83 million) and 
general branch. £27.53 million 
(£24.81 million). New life busi- 
ness — industrial branch — new 
premiums £7J5 million (£7.75 
million) and new sums assured 
£102.97 million (£104.04 mil- 
lion): ordinary branch — new 
premiums £1.39 million (£1.4 
million) and new sums assured. 
£100.75 million (£103.63 mil- 
lion). Overall, premium income 
for the half-year rose from 
£77.45 million to £80.3 million. 

INGS: The company has pur- 
chased for cancellation 1 million 
ordinary shares at £1.23 each. 
After these shares have been 
cancelled, the issued capiiyal 
will be 358.85 million 

• KOITAKl: The company has 
received acceptances for more 
than 90 per cent of Keywest 
Investments. The change of the 
merged company's name to 
Clayton Robeird wifi be put to 
shareholders for approval at the 
annual meeting in November. 

In brief 

• • • 

UCTS: Total dividend lOp (8p) 
for the year to June 30. Turn- 
over £129.87 million (£122.06 
million). Profit, before excep- 
tional charge. £6.43 million 
(£8.69 million). Exceptional 
charge, nil (£4.66 million). Pre- 
tax profit £6.43 million (£4.03 
million). Earnings per share 
basic 19.6p (I3.4p) and fully 
diluted. I9,4p(l3.3p). The 1985 
exceptional charge is the sum 
written-off the debt due by 
Acorn Computer Group. 

• WILLS GROUP: Six months 
io June 30. Interim dividend 
2.5p (same). Turnover £56.43 
million (£57.63 million). Pretax 
profit £1.06 million (£396.000). 
Earnings per share 8.48p ( I.Sp). 

SURE: Half-year to May 31. 
Interim dividend 0.42p (same). 
Turnover £487.000 (£467.000). 
Pretax profit £81.000 (£73.000). 
Earnings per share 0-57p 
(0.66p). The board is confident 
lhai the full year will show a 
material increase in pretax 

payment lifted to 0.40p (OJMp) 
for the year to May 31. Turn- 
over £1.81 million (£1.69 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £201.853 
(£2312111. Earnings per share 


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September 30, 1986 

Paul Uovetace 



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How the British 

kept on track 

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Easy riders: today's tong-distance drivers demand sophisticated Information feedback from their lorries, modem facilities to ease journey strain and strong vehicle construction 

The European commercial vehicle 
industry, particularly the makers of 
medium and heavy lorries, is going 
through a troubled and painful 
period of restructuring. In the short 
term, some hard derisions must be 
made about future capacity and 
therefore jobs. 

The abandoning of truck-making 
in the UK. by Bedford, with the loss 

Hi-tech plus comfort 
for the man in the cab 

of 3. 150 jobs, is just one unfortunate 
manifestation of the malaise that 
has descended on the industry. 

In the long run, however, the 
future for trucks in Europe is not so 
bleak. As with so many smokestack 
industries, the demand pattern of 
the trucks business has changed and 
companies must adapt or perish. 

The European market ■ for 
commercial vehicles is sophis- 
ticated. Customers demand more 
fuel efficiency, more comfort for 
their drivers and more high technol- 
ogy than in many other parts of the 
world, thus allowing the manufac- 
turers to add greater value to their 
products and reap more profit. 

This has become necessary in a 
market where customers have be- 
come increasingly cosi-conscious. 
Efficient management of vehicle 
fleets is now recognized widely as a 
high-responsibility job no longer to' 
be relegated to the garage 

The rise of specialist companies 
able to assume full control of fleets 
of lorries is also witness to the 
growing concentration on 
compeiiliveness.Permissible ve- 
hicle weights have been increased 
and bigger lorries carrying more 
goods are the result 

Inter-European Community bar- 
riers are coming down, allowing less 

troublesome transcontinental travel 
and less idle time for each truck. 

For all of these reasons, the 
expansion of the market for new 
trucks in Europe will be slow in the 
next decade compared to the pre- 
vious 10 years. The collapse of 
world truck demand in the 1980s 
has been fell chiefly in Europe and 
recovery is expected to be long and 

DRI Europe, the forecasting 
group, said last yean “Anecdotal 
evidence of improved efficiency in 

Number of trucks 
for export slumped 

-trucks fleets through more sys- 
tematic fleet management, greater 
use of contract hire and other 
measures provides support for the 
view that the number of trucks in 
use is unlikely to grow rapidly in the 

“In turn, the demand for trucks in 
Europe is likely to recover at a 
rather sedate rate, and pre-recession 
market performance will not be 
regained over the next 10 years.’' 

In 1979, when demand tor trucks 
peaked, about 418.000 trucks over 
3.5 tonnes gross weight were reg- 
istered in Europe but by 1982 sales 

had plummeted to 282.000. At the 
same time, the number of trucks 
produced for export slumped from 
238,000 in 1980 -a record year- to 
just 164.000 in 1984. 

The situation was aggravated by 
the all-ioo-familiar industrial story 
of companies investing in too much 
new capacity during the good times 
only to be stuck with it when the 
pendulum inevitably swung against 

In 1983, European truck-makers 
suffered combined losses estimated 
at about £400 million, with BL's 
Leyland Vehicles leading the way 
with a net loss of £143.6 million. 
The only answer was to rationalize, 
cut back and hope for better times 

Though there had been some 
restructuring in previous years, the 
new wave of realignments in the 
European truck industry began with 
the mighty Ford deciding that it had 
had enough. After losing £100 
million on truck manufacture in 
Europe in five years. Ford called it a 
day and in April this year sold out to 
Iveco, the Fiat-owned producer that 
in Europe was already second only 
to Daimler-Benz. 

impressive UK dealer network. 

The merger has changed the face 
of the European truck industry in 
the way that a General Motors 
takeover of Leyland Vehicles would 
have done. A combined Iveco-Ford 
now challenges Daimler-Benz in the 
market for trucks over six tonnes 
and puts Renault firmly into third 

With GM now pulling out of 
European truck-making, the field is 
left to these manufacturers, with 
Volvo and Scania of Sweden — the 
only two companies to emerge 
relatively unscathed from the reces- 
sion — and Daf of the Netherlands 
some way behind. 

demand filtering through. 

The collapse of world oil prices : 
has fuelled expectations of higher 
economic growth in Europe — and , 
with increased trade comes greater 
demand tor lorries and vans. The | 
other side of that coin is a 
consequent cutback by oil produc- 1 
ing countries in their imports 
including trucks. 

DR] warns that the one-third of 
European output that is sold outside 
western Europe is at risk. Light 
trucks will continue to be a buoyant 
product in home markets, but heavy 
truck sales will be hit by reduced 
exports. The gradual recovery fore- 
seen for light and medium trucks 
abroad is expected to be "stopped in 
its tracks" because of spending ruts , 
in the Opec countries. 

The Japanese now have 20 per 
cent of the European light-van 
market and could reasonably expect j 

Need for Japanese to 
manufacture locally 

DRI now predicts steady expan- 
sion in all commercial-vehicle sec- 
tors. In a recent survey it predicted 
that total demand for trucks in 
seven major European Community 
markets would rise from 1,117,000 
in 1985 to 1.214.000 by the end of 
the decade. Output it said would 
remain at last year's level of 
1 ,343.000 for the next two years and 
then increase to a 1990 figure of 

The deal means that Ford will 
give up heavy truck production in 
Europe and gives Iveco access to an 

Next year should prove to be a 
year of more general cheer, says 
DRI. with no more contraction in 
export markets and better European 

to see this double by the end of the 
decade, particularly as a result of 
growing Japanese presence in Euro- 
pean manufacturing. 

It is a trend helped by two factors 
— European manufacturers' con- 
stant desire to cut development and 
production costs by spreading the 
risk using collaborative ventures 
and the need for Japanese producers 
to manufacture locally in an at- 
tempt to find a way aound import 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Recovery from the recession 
has been a long and painful 
process for Britain's commer- 
cial-vehicle manufacturers, 
and the recent traumatic cats 
at General Motors' Bedford 
subsidiary have served to 
underline the fact that it is not 
yet achieved. 

The 1980-81 depression for 
truck-makers was the deepest 
since the Second World War 
and it was clear then that some 
tough decisions would have to 
be made. And the home 
producers have been fighting a 
battle against imports. In the 
Iate-I970s, foreign-proteced 
vehicles accounted for only 
about 20 per cent or the 
domestic market, bnt they are 
creeping np to the SO per cent 

In the first eight months of 
this year, imports took slightly 
under 40 per cent of the lorry, 
van and bus market against 
3683 per cent a year earlier. 
In August alone, the penetra- 
tion from foreign vehicles was 
43.12 per cent, np from 41.3 
per cent. 

August is not so vital to the 
commercial- vehicle makers as 
it is to the car producers, but it 
still accounts for 12 per cent of 
the year's sales. With rising 
imports in a stagnating mar- 
ket, the message for what is 
left of the indigenous industry 
is not encouraging. 

With the Flat-owned Iveco 
now in control of Ford of 
Britain's heavy track business 
and the GM abandonment of 
Bedford's heavy range, much 
depends on the Leyland Ve- 
hicles subsidiary of the Rover 
Group, smaller companies 
such as ERF and Seddon 
Atkinson and, at the light end. 
Ford and what is left of 
Bedford to wave the Union flag 
over commercial-vehicle 

Despite its problems, which 
relate to its size rather than to 
its prod nets, Leyland is doing 
well domestically. In the first 
eight months of this year it 
continued to lead the market 
for heavy trucks with sales of 
6362 compared with 5882 a 
year earlier. Ford's sales fell 
fej more than 1,000 to an 
eight-month figure of 5321. 

That situation is likely to 

change dramatically with the 
formation of Iveco Ford 
Trucks (IFT). Ford reckons 
that it has lost more than £100 
million in heavy truck manu- 
facture in the last five years. It 
decided that to maintain its 
UK base, it needed a 
collaboration venture. For 
Iveco, the attraction of getting 
a much sought-after UK 
manufacturing foothold was 

IFT. with its big UK dealer 
network, is confident of win- 
ding at least 25 per cent of the 
domestic market. It is a force 
to be reckoned with, twice as 
big as Renault Trucks and 
rivalling the dominance of the 
heavy track sector by West 
Germany's Daimler-Benz. 

The increasing international 
nature of the commercial- 
vehicle industry serves again 
to underline the need for 
Leyland to get bigger to sur- 
vive, w hich it may do through 

Healthy rise in the 

expanding its association with 
Daf or by its planned 

With 10 per cent of the UK 
market suddenly available as a 
result of the Bedford decision. 
Leyland seems in a good 
position to take advantage and 
increase its domestic share. 

In the light-truck and van 
sectors of the UK industry, 
business has been booming 
since the recess ion. In the five 
years to the end of 1985. UK 
soles of light vans — most of 
them delivery vehicles derived 
from cars — and light trucks 
rocketed by 60 per cent to 
almost 100.000. The purpose- 
built heavy van market showed 
a healthy rise of nearly a 
quarter to more than 121,000 
units sold last year. 

But competition is cut- 
throat. with importers such as 
Renault, Volkswagen, 
Mercedes, Nissan and Citroen 
all having introduced new 
vehicles and all selling hard in 
the UK. 

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Transits no longer have it all their own way 

•it'a.'sb *. 

In the Ford domination of the 
market for larger vans, the new 
Transits take on the leading role in 
place of the old ones, which have 
bowed out after 20 years spent 
notching up more than two mil- 
lion sales. 

Growing production at the 
Southampton plant for Transits 
provided the great majority of the 
5 1 19 UK registrations in August 
compared with 4,702 in August 
last year. Though the eight-month 
total of 27.956 compares with 
30 276 for the corresponding pe- 
riod of 1985, the leeway is 
expected to be made up steadily. 

In this category, Bedford has the 

Isuzu-designed. Luton-assembled 
Midi panel van. window van and 
nine-seater to 1 2- sealer passenger 
models. There are plenty of op- 
tions, including petrol and diesel 
engines, and high-roof versions. 
The Midis complement the long- 

Above: one of the vans m 
Bedford's new Isnzn-designed, 
Lotos-assembled Midi range. 
With petrol or diesel engine and 

a 235- metre wheelbase, it can 
seat 12. 

Right VWs first hnm-irtwgmse 
high-roof version of the LT35K 
wUl be on view at next month s 
British Motor Show. 

serving CF vans which now come 
as the CF2 in improved form and 
with a large number of door 

Bedford's UK-made larger van 
.registrations last month were 
1,251, compared with 1,908 m% 
August 1985. For this year so far, 
ihe 8,626 registrations in Britain 
are lower than the 9,314 unite m 

the first eight months of 1985. 
Then there are about 800 KB pick- 
ups imported from lsuzu in Japan, 


sold more flan two million 
Transits, in four and ax wheel 
versions. Pictured is the 1986 
Transit 100L long-wheelbase 
model- Though not selling, the 
same numbers as the P™"®* 3 
model. Ford expects the 100L to 
Bwlfp up the difference 

which is around the same total as 
at this time last year. 

Peugeot Talbot relies on im- 
ports m this category, with the 
Express vans among the 4,640 
registrations so far this year (4,733 
last lime round). Mercedes-Benz 
has a new range of medium vans 
offering higher payloads in a bid to 
stimulate sales in this sector, 
where its 4,525 UK registrations 
to date this year compare with 
4 310 in the first eight months of 

Volkswagen is steady at around 
5,500 units for the eight months. 
The company has been _ doing 
some aggressive advertising to 
project improved models across 
the range. 

A special tilt is made aga i ns t 
Ford Transit buyers. On display at 
the British Motor Show next 
month will be VWs first long- 
wheelbase high-roof version of the 
LT35E This model has a mini- 
mum inside width of 1.37 metres. 

loaded at the rear with standard 

V/iih some leeway to make up 
(10,528 new registrations soar 
this year compared with 1 1,290 at 

the end of August last year). 
Freight Rover has added a special 
• to the Sherpa range.. It is a police 
“fast response" version now find- 
ing customers among various 
forces. Power is by the V8 3.5-htre 
Land-Rover/Rangc Rover engine 
‘in the wide-bodied Sherpa 300 
series, which also includes mini- 

bus and chassis cab variants as 
well as panel vans. 

Because of the voluntary agree- 
ment on the volume of motor 
imports from Japan, it followsihat 
Japanese figures tend to balance 
out at the end of the year* so no 
great importance can be attached 
to any trends meanwhile. 

Total Nissan figures of 5.514 so 
far this year against 2,81 1 at the 
1985 count include impor ts ot 
Vanette and Trade vans from 

Spain, of which none was im- 
ported in 1985. 

Mitsubishi continues on an 
even keel at around 1.500 units so 
far. The British Motor Shownext 
month will see the European 
debut ofa new L200 P ,ck -“P atvd: j. 
new L300 panel van. both ot 
which will be on sale here early 
next year. 

New registrations in the UK of 
the larger vans and their variants 
(designated officially as light 
commercial vehicles 1 oul-JMAJ 
kg) were 83,459 in the January- 
August period compared with 
85.289 in January-August 1985. 

The figures of the Society of 
Motor Manufacturers and Traders 
also show the British share this 
time at 43,886 was down on the 
1985 figure of 48,413. while 
imports so far this year at 39.573 
increased from 36,876 in 1985. 

Geoffrey Hancock 

Still waiting for the bus recovery 

. _ . „ »h« revolutionary rural areas but s 

For a bus and coach industry 
m wiring fewer public service 
vehicles at any time since 

the war, the Government's 
bus-deregulation policy which 
comes into effect next month 
has had all the buoyancy of a 
lead balloon. 

Since January only 1,743 
new buses and coaches were 
registered in Britain. The 
figure of 2,029 for the first 
eight months of 1985- was not 
much better. 

Deceptively, most of the 
brightly coloured buses com- 
ing on the streets in readiness 

floor space for pas- 

S *Trtiese designs are offered by ****** 

Ley-land andVolvo's Scottish don Buses as part ofa fleet to 
woLSrWvldaut. provide a service in Orpington 

aS Dennh ^Specialist Vehicles south London 
has a new 12-metre coach to Loudon Regional ^ Trans- 
chassis designed for high floor port. These distiiKftively ^led 
luggage capacity with km floor 25-seaters could 

S^orEandthe latest ver- important role in future pablic 
sionof the Lancet medium- transport, betas Quin, 
«#*■ 5 ,mge- __ doctor 

febetag wkrf Market in a state «^ nsluul 

jjgff ° funCertain t^ ^.^ 

Company. The “ cmwllw buses 

ing on tne streets in reaomess expertise v. . 

for D (for deregulation) day on Metro-CamnieU Weymanni in- 
October 26 are existing ve- dudes playing 
hides which have been smart- role m the world s M gmd«i 
ened op. Not that there is bus project using doable decX- 
anything wrong with the latest ers now operating in 
products. Indeed, they show BinninghsM. 
considerable enterprising But the state of uncMtaMty 
ideas, such as new in the market means there is 
doubledeckers with flat en- little action except tor ventures 
sines under the middle to in mini a®d mMi buses. 

Bedford continues its stout battle 

Despite Bedford's decision to 
pull out of medium- and 
heavy-duty truck production' 
and wave goodbye to bus- 
chassis work, this commer- 
cial-vehicle arm of General 
Motors battles on stoutly at 
the lower end of the market. 

In the smaller ran class, 
where car-derivcd vans 
predominate, the 17,624 Bed- 
ford sales in Britain for the 
first eight months of this year 
compare with 13.096 in the 
corresponding period of 1985. 
These figures reflect the 
strength ol the Astra van and 
its high-roof counterpart the 
Asiramax. both available with 
1.3 or 1.6 litre petrol engines 
plus the option of a 1.6 litre 
diesel unit. 

Then there arc the Rascals. 
These 970 cc-engincd small 
vans and dropsidc pick-ups 
which came on the scene in 
May of this year, made at 
Luton, alongside the Super 
Cany, the Suzuki counterpart. 
Suzuki is an associate ‘Com- 
pany of General Motors, so in 
these times of increasing inter- 
national tie-ups this was a 
natural extern to the market 
for a basic product just 1 0ft 
lOin (3.3m) long, and a body 
capacity of 93.6 cubic ft (2.65 
cu m). * 

Llanelli Radiators 
World leaders In heat 
exchange technology 

Cooling radiators (in 
capper/brass or 
aluminium), oil coolers, 
intercoolers, heater 
radiators, heater units, 
air conditioning units 
etc. We research, 
design and manufacture 
the widest range of heat 
exchange products using 
the latest production 
and quality control 
techniques which includes 
a pressure pulsator and 
vibration rig. 

For more details contact 
Mike Reilly 
Llanelli Radiators, 

Nuffield Works, Felinfoel, 
Llanelli, Dyfed SA14 BHU 
Telephone (0554)738101 


■' ^ I 

: ‘ .--V 

Ji.t. .--W. 

' :rt I 

VWs van based on the Polo 

Fond takes top place in the 
small-van market through the 
pulling power of the Fiesta^ 
and Escort vans, each with* 
diesd-engine variants. The 
18.412 new registrations this 
year are 3.700 down on 1985. 
but there is time for this to be 
made up — and more. 

Austin Rover activities in 
this sector resulted in 14.445 
sales of Austin Metro and 
Maestro vans this year ( 1 5.077 
in 1985) but a long-awaited 

hatchback delivers 40 mpg 

boost is about to come. This is 
a diesel engine for the Maestro 
van. a momentous happening 
because the unit is the first 
application of the high-speed, 
direct-injection diesel devel- 
oped by Austin Rover and 

The engine, which will fea- 
ture in Austin Rover pas- 
senger cars later, promises fuel 
consumption at least 1 5 per 
cent better than existing en- 
gines. The absence of any 
diesel-engine option has been 

a severe handicap in recent 

Renault, which has more 
than trebled small-van sales 
this year to 2,829 presses the 
challenge still more with the 
addition of a new Renault 5 
van (with a choice of 1.1-litre 
petrol engine or 1.6-litre diesel 
unit) to boost the Extra. 

At 3.558 (3309) Peugeot 
Talbot light-van sales are from 
car-derived imports but if and 
when the Peugeot 309 gets a 
van alternative, the sales will 
be British in line with the 
built-in-Britain saloons. 

For Volkswagen. Polo and 
Golf vans have pulled in 1,880 
new registrations this year, 
which is about the same as in 
1985. Nissan's return, includ- 
ing the Sunny van. shows 1 305 
sales against 894 for the 
comparable period last year 
but the Anglo- Japanese under- 
standing about curbing Japa- 
nese motor imports into 
Britain does not suggest any 
great increase for the year asa^ 

In the total light-van sector, 
new registrations at 67,820 so 
far this year are up by 2,850 
units, of which imports get an 
extra 2302 and British prod- 
ucts the other 648. 


hides which have been smart- 
ened op. Not tint there is 
anything wrong with the latest 
products. Indeed, they show 
considerable enterprising 
Ideas, such as new 
donbledeckers with flat en- 
gines under the middle to 

As the commercial-vehicle 
market in Britain marks time 
with no real hope of an 
improvement in sales for the 
rest of this year, the truck 
expectations are pinned on the 
seven-year switch. 

It is reasoned that with 
seven years, the usual life of a 
new truck before renewal, 
things can only get better. 
Especially as seven years ago 
the 1979 truck sales were a 
record at 79,856 units. This is 
how U K truck sales have fared 
since then: 1980,61.300; 1981, 
44.950: 1982. 45.349: 1983, 
49,950: 1984, 52,821; 1985, 

For the first eight months of 
this year truck sales of 36,322. 
compared with 37,057 in the 
similar period of last year. In 
those figures, 22,303 units 
were British this time round 
(23.875 in January-August last 
year) with imports at 14,019 

On that reckoning, the Brit- 
ish truck market will do well 
to reach 55.000 units this year. 
Producers expect a consid- 
erable improvement next year 
but any thought of a bonanza 
is restrained by overcapacity 
in Europe. 

Trucks have been given 
greatly Improved payloads. 
Ten years ago nearly 600.000 
heavy goods vehicles were 
licensed in the UK. Now there 

oftheBns and 

Ttainty .Coach Coun- 

dl points out, 
smaller buses 
are developing as an urban 
phenomenon, although not so 
much on rural services where 
minibuses were always 
thought to be (he answer by 
politicians and others outside 
the industry. 

Mr Quin does not rale ont 
the profitable nse of minibuses 

Trucks about to 
turn the comer 

" V ->' > 

Luxuries such as an electri- 
cally operated sliding roof 
are in MAN’S Super Truck 

are 437.000. The early tonnage 
carried by each vehicle has 
increased from 2.600 to 3.150 
— a 21 per cent increase in 

Customers operate more 
efficiently, too. They 

maximise usage; helped in 
many cases by competitive 
contract hire deals which 
avoid the need to tie up capital 
sums in outright buying. 
Enterprising self drive rentals 
cater for peak transport times. 

Against this background, 
track makers strive hard for 
yet more efficiency to com- 
mend to customers. The pro- 
posed Leyland Trucks^ 
Bedford tie-up came to 
nothing but a joint-venture 
marketing operation between 
Ford and Iveco is fast taking 
shape. . . 

The aim is to give the 
strongest track range with the 
best service for customers. A 
hot shot in the armoury is the 
Ford Cargo of which more 
than 70,000 units have been 
made since 1981. 50,000 of 
them operating in the UK. 

Despite the insecurity 
which surrounds its name. 
Ley land Trucks look to shar- 
ing in next year's recovery 
helped by the latest Road- 
runner which has better 
power, smoother performance 
and gains in cab comfort for 
the three basic models rated at 
63. 7.5 and 10 tonnes. The 


. is rural anas but says that 
where there are more pas- 
sengers than one minibus can 
carry, the conventional bus is 
the economic alternative. 

Meanwhile, it is ironic that 
Ley land Tracks, which head 
the eight-months bos and 
coach registration at 698 units 
(826 in the similar period of 
1985), has such an uncertain 
future, while Bedford with 208 
units registered (197 in the 
1985 penod) is palling ont of 
bus chassis work altogether. 

Perhaps it if just as well 
tint the bus and coach section 
at the British Motor Show in 
Birmingham next mouth will 
be dosed to the public. 

Evidently the industry 
wants to be alone until it is 
seen when a recovery will start 
and what form it will take. 

Leyland range also features 
the Freighter with which the 
company makes a return to 
the fire engine market. 26 
having been ordered by the 
Lancashire county fire 

So far this year Leyland 
have had 6,362 new track 
registrations compared with 
5.882 in January-August, 

Mercedes-Benz maintain a 
vigorous challenge with the 
4,948 hew registration more 
than 600 unite better than a 
year ago. Volvo have kept 
steadily around the 3.000 
mark. The FL7. FLI0. F10 
and FI 2 tracks have new 
chassis frames made of high- 
strength sled for lower chassis 
weight and greater payloads. 

MAN registrations at 1.776 
units are 760 more than in the 
first eight months of 1985. 

Through the Dodge busi- 
ness it now owns Renault 
Truck Industries are more 
active as a home producer on 
the British market than an 
importer. Renault Dodge 
registrations so far ibis year at 
2.865 compared with 3305 
last year. The presence is 
particularly strong in the local 
authority public sector includ- 
ing vehicles with refuse 
collecting and street lighting 
maintenance applications. 


y » 



lc t . 



Edited by Matthew May 

Are the Japanese finally 
making an impact ? 


Honeywell, ihe American 
computer and control equip- 
ment firm, announced last 
week that it wants to mei^e 
the computer part of its 
business with NEC of Japan 
and the state-owned French 
computer firm BulL 

It was a decision greeted 
with Jiule su prise. Honeywell 
was seen as badly in need of 
some sort of restructuring and 
all three companies have pre- 
viously had strong ties in 
producing and selling comput- 
ers — until the nationalization 
of Bull in 1 982 Honeywell had 
a 47 per cent stake. 

Bui it is the first major 
example of three-way co-op- 
eration between such firms in 
America. Japan and Europe 
and for NEC in particular — * 
already among the top 10 
sellers in each of the three 
fields of computers, commu- 
nications and serai- 
‘ conductors, il gives a further 
inroad into the US and Euro- 
pean markets. 

Details of the potential joint 
venture have yet to be sorted 
out but NEC, with an £8 
bilfion a year turnover, will no 
doubt welcome the .possibil- 
ities of selling more of its 
products through the distribu- 
tion. networks of the other two 

This particular venture is a 
signal that after US domina- 
tion in the computer industry 
since- its inception, the time 

may be approaching when the 
Japanese can finally start to 
make inroads outside their 
home country. 

IBM, for example, has long 
dismissed the possibility that 
it need fear any real, com- 
petition from European or US 
companies admitting only the 
Japanese as a long-term 

The planned tie-up follows 
closely from the finalization 
earlier this month of- the 
merger between the US com- 
puter firms Burroughs and 



By Matthew May 

Sperry, with such moves being 
seen as increasingly necessary 
to try to combat both the 
falling profits throughout 
nearly all of the industry and 
the overwhelming dominance 
of IBM in the field. 

Its turnover, running at £33 
billion last year, exceeded the 
computer related turnover of 
the next 12 companies put 

Honeywell is known to 
want to concentrate on the 
more profitable pans of its 
business, such as aerospace 
and defence contracts and 
automation and control 
equipment It has also ex- 

pressed an interest in buying 
Sperry's aerospace and marine 


Like many others, 
Honeywell has seen a sharp 
fall in profits and last month 
announced it wanted to lose 
about 4 per cent of its 
workforce by the end of the 
year — about 4,000 jobs. 
Falling profits have reduced 
the price to earnings ratio of 
many large computer com- 
panies. but with large cash 
flows they can still be an 
attractive proposition to 

Burroughs recently revealed 
that Sperry, now its subsid- 
iary. put in a bid for 
Honeywell at about £70 a 
share after preliminary merger 
talks with Honeywell. It was a 
figure considerably lower than 
its asset value and stock 
market analysts had for some 
time been pointing out that a 
restructuring by Honeywell 
was overdue. 

NEC will be the heavy- 
weight partner in any agree- 
ment both through its larger 
turnover. £2.3 billion last year 
for computer activities nearly 
double that of each of the 
other two. and through its 
current sales of machines 
through them. 

Earlier this month NEC 
announced a joint venture 
with Honeywell to sell 

supercomputers, powerful 
mainframes hugely used for 
number crunching by sci- 
entists and engineers, through- 
out North America. 

Honeywell's information 
systems business already sells 
NEC mainframes after a five- 
year agreement last year to sell 
at least ISO and Bull also 
markets NEC's larger 

With the exception of one 
sale by Fujitsu, only NEC has 
managed to sell Japanese 
supercomputers to America. 
But NEC still only sells less 
than IS per cent of its com- 
puter products outside Japan 
and while acknowledeged to 
spend more on product 
development than most — 12 
per cent of sales revenue 
compared to eight per cent by 
IBM — it is considered to be 
weak in software and perhaps 
not pay enough attention to 
service and support functions. 

Japan's work on the next 
generation of computers and 
software, the so-called fifth 
generation, is seen as an 
attempt to leapfrog the rest of 
the computer industry. 

It is going slower than 
planned but if it works. NEC 
will have a strong base in both 
Europe and America to push 
Japanese computing out into 
the rest of the world and 
perhaps even worry IBM. 

Wanted: Literate writers 
for ‘techspeak’ industry 

While parents, teachers and 
non-technologists are 
complaining about 

‘'techspeak" creeping into 
everyday language, it appears 
that technology is at last 
making an effort to introduce 
more- of the English language 
into computer languages and 

Jobs with fourth generation 
languages, for example, are 
more likely to go to those 
people who can speak and 
write clear English. And the' 
demand for more user- 
friendly systems, under- 
standable to those non- 
computer people who have to 
use them, has been growing in. 
recent years. 

Yet despite this trend, and 
often regardless of the tech- 
nical expertise available in the 
computer industry, few highly 
trained data processing people 
can write welL Many user 
manuals, especially those that 
accompany microcomputers 
and related software packages, 
have sometimes put even 
experienced users to the test 

ter communications: Crying oat for knowledgeable writers 

The higher salaries it seems see each through at different 
are to be had by working on levels right up to publication 

of the completed documents. 

With such basic skills, train- 
ing to be a technical author 



By Eddie Coulter 

because of the poor standard 
of writing and presentation. 

This problem has long been 
recognized among the larger 
computer manufacturers and 
companies that supply ad- 
vanced systems for defence 
and complex industrial uses. 
Now. because of user com- 
plaints, management in some 
branches of the computer 
industry is realizing that docu- 
mentation should be written 
by people who know how to 

So technical authors, and 
particularly those who know 
software, are in greater de- 
mand .than ever. 

"Some of the top technical 
writers, many of whom are 
self-employed, have special- 
ized knowledge and experi- 
ence of specific types of 
software,” said Peter 
Hucklesby. technical publica- 
tions manager of the 
Stevenage-based DB Design 
Services. Group, a contract 
technical writing and recruit- 
ment agency. “Such authors 
can virtually name their own 
price." he said. 

“A good writer can expea to 
earn up to £24,000 a year 
working either on contract or 
in-house, while the average 
writer ran get £ 1 8.000 a yeat” 

contract through a' specialized 
technical writing agency. But 
for career security, a perma- 
nent company position may 
be preferable. 

For a permanent writing job 
it is necessary to approach the 
larger computer firms. Small- 
er companies cannot usually 
justify full-time techncial aut- 
hors 1 and will contract out 
their writing work. 

It as a precise discipline 
demanding an organized, 
analytical mind. 

IBM, a huge producer of 
documentation, emphasizes 
the need for such discipline 
and the ability to present 
concepts consistently through- 
out a user manual. Although 
even IBM contracts out writ- 
ing work, it still maintains a 
40-strong staff of technical 
writers at its Hursley develop- 
ment laboratory. 

Typical of most large com- 
puter firms it has a dear 
picture of what constitutes a 
suitable candidate for tech- 
nical writing. 

First, a good understanding 
of one or more specific aspects 
of technology - either hard- 
ware or software. Also im- 
portant is the ability to write 
and communicate with others. 
Communications skills are 
essential in gathering informa- 
tion and in its presentation so 
that the eventual user can 
understand it. 

People who have some 
management ability and self- 
motivation are necessary as 
they may have to handle 
several projects at once and 

manuals with flexible “help- 
based" screen documentation 
prefeces to systems supplied 
on disc. 

Yet despite a dear demand 

poses little problem. Rarely do for technical writers, jobs are 
you lose touch with existing 'rarely advertised. Often this is 

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skills because mostly you are 
writing on the latest develop- 
ments relating to your own 
technical subject matter. 

This means you can always 
revert to the discipline you 
were working on before. Italso 
seems that age is little barrier 
to becoming a technical 

“Some technical writers 

The career 
requires a 
certain type 
of person 

move back and forth between 
writing and development 
work throughout their 
careers," said Terry White, 
joint managing director of 
Howard Electronics, part of 
the Howard Organization 
which supplies contract and 
permanent technical writing 
staff to companies throughout 

Computer communications 
is one area where firms are 
crying out for knowledgeable 
writers. Apart from commer- 
cially-related publications 
work, authors who ran write 
about defence and military 
systems are always needed. 

Ex-servicemen — usually 
officers — with a good tech- 
nical background in the 
Armed Forces have the 
advantage of knowing Min- 
istry of Defence procedures. 
They have also usually been 
taught structured writing 

Once into technical writing, 
a wider knowledge of state-of- 
the-ans systems can be gained. 

The need for writing skills 
as well as technical under- 
standing is likely to become 
even greater as more systems 
and software developers 
contemplate replacing printed 

because commercial systems 
developers leave the writing 
requirement decisions until 
late in a project when they 
have a better idea of the 
precise skills and writing time 
scales needed. 

It also explains the popular- - 
ity of contract authoring, 
whose agencies maintain com- 
prehensive lists of writers with - 
specific technical under- 

Qualifications are obtain- 
able in technical authorship 
and a number of colleges of 
further education run courses 
leading to City and Guilds 
certificates in the subject. 

Other organizations also 
run basic technical writing 
skills courses. The Institute of 
Scientific and Technical 
Coram motors can give ad- 
vice and information on ca- 
reers and courses in the 

Although most courses are 
not usually aimed specifically 
at computing, they are de- 
signed to teach technologists 
the precise art of technical 

For the computer literate 
interested in the field, a good 
command of the English lan- 
guage is needed along with the 
ability to overview a system's 
objective in new user terms. 
They must also understand 
their technical discipline and 
know how to ask questions on 

For some there ran be 
further career progression 
from technical writing into 
corporate communications 
and technical press work. 

41 Further information on ca- 
reers and courses in technical 
writing may be obtained from 
the Institute of Scientific and 
Technical Communicators, 
17, Btucbridge Avenue, 
Brookmans Park, Hatfield, 
Herts. Tel; Potters Bar {07 



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US firm 
delays new 

■ The American computer firm 
Hewlett-Packard has had to delay 
deliveries of a new business computer 
system based on RISC architecture -a 
novel form of computer design the 
industry is only beginning to accept. 
Hewlett-Packard announced in March 
that it was to base nearly all of its future 
computer products on RISC (Reduced 
instruction Set) and though a technical 
system win be available in December 
as planned, the business version will be 
delayed until mid-1987. 

It is the first company to base an entire 
product range on the new architecture 
and other computer manufacturers are 
watching its progress keenly. Alan 
Fumiss. the UK marketing manager, 
said the delays were due to "additional 
tuning requirements" and not the 
RISC technology which builds simple 
instructions into the hardware of a 
machine while putting less frequently 
used instructions into software. This, 
say its proponents, makes computers 
more powerful and cheaper. 

Stopping mistakes 

■ The Atvey Directorate, the 
Government-backed computing initiative 
in response to Japan's national 
research programme, has announced a 
£2 million project to look into the 
problems of specifying software 
requirements. More than 80 per cent 

of mistakes in software could be avoided 
if more attention was paid in the 
planning stages it says. "Existing 
specification procedures are widely 
recognized as inadequate causing costly 
and potentially dangerous deficiencies 
in computer software." The protect, to be 
completed by 1988, will be conducted 
by the University of Manchester Insrtute 
and Technology, Data Logic and 

Professional shortage 

■ Despite the share fall in sales of 
home computer software from the heady 
days a couple of years ago. there is 
apparently still a shortage of professional 
programmers who can write good 
games programs - several of whom have 
made the switch from business 
programming. The software firm Hewson 
said it is looking for a new generation 

of "would-be software superstars" to 
work freelance. And although there 
are no guarantees, said the managing 
director Andrew Hewson, a succesful 
tme could net the author 
royalties. Hewson is on 

Logica bounces back 

The software firm Logica has 
announced pre-tax profits of £6.8 mSfion, 
up 36 per cent on a turnover of £87 
million. Extraordinary charges largely 
concerned wife Log tea's closing its 
office automation divisions after hefty 
losses came to £12.2 million- £3.7 
million less than provided for in a circular 
to shareholders last December. 

Last year Logica reported a £2.34 


‘What happens when we go live?' 

Its experience was seen as a salutary 
lesson by critics of the automated 
office concept who argue feat it is an area 
stall not sufficiently sorted out to be 
attractive to most businesses. 

Locking the micro 

■ Preventing unauthorized access to 
computers has traditionally been the field 
of corporate computing, but 
accountants Detortte Haskins & Sells 
believe the spread of micros has 
meant many should now be protected. 
"The business world spends heavily 
on protecting information held on 
mainframe systems, but next to 


ancryption of files. Further 
1 on 01-248 3913 

million loss despite a £5 million profit on 
activities other than office automation. 

nothing on protecting the same 
information held on micros" said John 
High, a partner in the firm's computer 
services division. It is to start selling 
its own £350 “security software" 
package which can provide different 
access levels for different users, the 
logging of who uses what and the 
automatic er 
information 1 

IBM chief for France 

M The former head of IBM Europe, 
Jacques Maisonrouge. has been made 
director general of industry for the 
French government. His dose links with 
American industry and his 38-year 
career with IBM until 1984, coupled with 
his lack of previous Civil Service 
experience, are both seen as a break with 
tradition for the French who are 
usually suspicious of American business 
influence and IBM in particular. 

Graphics in 3D 

■ Computer-aided design is always 
cited as one of fee chief areas to benfit 
from the increasing size of computer 
memory available on desktop computers 
coupled wife falling prices. A three- 
dimensional solid modelling package for 
fee IBM PC or compatibles is now on 
sale for £8,500, which includes the 
software, a colour graphics board, 
colour monitor and digitizer pad to enter 
drawings though not fee computer 
which needs 512k of memory and, said 
fee supplier to Research, should 
preferably be a PC/AT or compatible. 
Three-dimensional designs can be 
viewed as if from different camera 
positions or as if under various lighting 

conditions and lour different views of an 
object can appear simultaneously cm 

Further information from lo on 01-441 

Going Online 

■ If cheap PCs take off as expected 
they could provide an important fKip to a 
whole range ol associated services 
which in themselves become cheaper 
operations. Database services are one 
example of an industry that now has a 
"reduced entry price, as fee 
marketing industry puts it. The Cleveland- 
based Headland Press has produced 

a new guide. How to Go Online, looking at 
software and systems to connect with 
outside databases of business and 
technical information. There are two 
major stumbling blocks with joining such 
services, said the author Ed Stanton, a 
lecturer in computing at Newcastle 
Polytechnic, knowing how to start and 
having lo learn complex commmand 

His book, he said, helps with the 
first and a new generation of easier to use 
online services should eventually 
solve the second. Tumbling pnees do not 
however, appearto have hit the 
business guide trade as fee 134-page 
book is £$0. 

Look no wires 

■ Computer networks have 
traditionally been expensive, difficult to 
install and aimed at larger companies. 
Now there are several Tor the the cheaper 
end ot the market Molecular 
Computer (0753 44113) has produced a 
system tor IBM PCs and compatibles 
which unusually starts with a network for 
only two users. Priced at £745 it uses 
twisted pair cable and can be expanded 
at about £300 for each extra terminal. 

File servers (or the network start at 
£4.750 tor a 20-megabyte hard disc 
version. For those wishing to dispense 
wife cables. Modular Te etiology (0869 
253361 ) has announced two systems 

to handle computer data as well as video 
and audio signals. A £2.500 infra red 
system can transmit data up to 200 
metres, while a £5,000 laser system 
can work up to a kilometre. The first 
customer is fee Reuters news agency 
in Australia which intends 10 transmit 
computerized information between 
office buildings in Sydney. 

US ahead in hi-tech 

■ Despite fears H is being overtaken 

by other nations and a gloomy outlook for 
its balance of high technology trade, 
fee United States stHl sees itself as top in 
three out of four key areas of the 
technology, according to a survey 
published m fee US magazine Fortune. 

It asked 40 business executives and 
experts to rank the US, Western 
Europe, Japan and fee Soviet Union on 
the basis of the state of research and 

The US was first in computers, 
biotechnology, and materials 
development, only being nudged into 
second place by Japan m the field of 
opto-alectronics, a sector feat 
indudes optical fibres for high-speed 
communications. In computers, where 
fee US achieved a 9.9 rating out of a 
possible 10, control by UScompanies. 
notably IBM, seems assured for fee 
immediate future though may 
eventually be threatened by Japanese 
advances in semiconductors. 

Introducing the most 
advanced personal computer 
in the world. 


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Break the 640 K barrier 
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feat lets you use up to 8 
Megabytes of RAM, and it 
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With it, you actually get the 
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Plus it features fee new 
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Not to mention the extra 
innovations COMPAQ is 
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^ 386, tike all COMPAQ 

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And it can be found only 
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Hie complete range of 
Cbmpaq computers, the 
software they run with, the 
peripherals they plug in to, 
and the technical sales 
people who'll help you get 
the best out of Compaq 
technology may be found at 


Morse Computers, 78 High Holbom, London WC1V6LS. Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546. 







Why an old road-runner needs its MOT 

By David Gnest 

“Physician, heal thyself is a 
maxim that the computer 
industry seems to have taken 
to heart. With boundless en- 
ergy it often creates as many 
problems as it solves, but 
given time it attends to these 
as well. 

The latest example concerns 
a problem created nearly 30 
years ago — Cobol program- 
■ ming. Like old cars held 
together by Jubilee dips, 
many old Cobol programs are 
barely roadworthy. Software 
engineers have come up with a 
radical solution - re-build 
' (hem automatically. 

Their products are called 
Cobol re-structuring tools, 
and the suppliers predict that 
1986 will prove to be the year 
” they come into their own. But 
so far they have been largely 
an American phenomenon — 
European users are few and far 

If they do the job they are 
supposed to. re-structuring 
tools could make a great 
impact on Britain's data 
processing labour shortage. 

The chronic scarcity of 
skilled staff strikes as hard at a 
company's existing stock of 
programs as at those it hopes 
to develop in the future. 
Programs need constant atten- 
tion. but programmers prefer 
to work on new projects. They 
have good reasons for avoid- 
ing the old ones. 

As programming languages 
go. Cobol is wordy. A consid- 
erate programmer can make a 
line of Cobol code resemble a 
terse kind of English. 

But several thousand lines 
of code swim before the eyes: 
if they resemble English at all 

it's the English of Finnegan's 
Wake. When a large program 
goes wrong, a Cobol haystack 
can hide a needle effectively. 

Cobol has been in use for 27 
years and it has been the 
dominant language for many 
of them. Vast numbers of 
programs have been written, 
composed of billions of lines 
of code. 

An old traditional program 
starts at the beginning and 
works doggedly through to the 
end in a linear fashion; such a 
program is called monolithic. 

Modern structured 
programming splits the pro- 
gram up into small units that 
do distinct tasks within the 
overall design. The difference 
could be compared to model 
building 7 using match-sticks, 
glue ana imagination it's pos- 
sible to build a scale replica of 
HMS Victory, but the job is 
easier with moulded _ plastic 
parts and exploded views of 
the plan. 

Monolithic programs, it is 
estimated, constitute 60 per 
cent of the total European 

Many lines of ■ 
code swim 
before the eyes 

stock. 75 per cent in the US. 
TTiey present a number of 
serious problems. Being old, 
they are by implication central 
to the function of the com- 
pany they serve; they will also 
have been changed many 
times over the years. 

To a programmer trained in 
structured methods they will 
probably be indecipherable. 
Restructuring tools aim to 

Stapnen Johnson 

‘Like old cars held together with Jubilee clips, many Cobol programs are barely roadworthy' 

turn old programs into some- 
thing that a modem pro- 
grammer will recognize and be 
able to work with. 

They dismantle the mono- 
lith and impose a logical 
structure on it, regurgitating it 
in the form of connected 
modules. They are themselves 
programs and some enthu- 
siasts claim they exhibit a 
form of intelligence. 

But if the Cobol program 
being re-structured contains 
flaws, they will faithfully re- 
produce the flaws. They don't 
change the function of the 

One supplier. Language 
Technology of Massachusetts, 
is looking for a European 
distributor for its product, 
called Recoder. 

The company's marketing 
director, Gordon 


said: “The key question we are 

always asked by companies is 
does it work?; so we offer a 
trial to restructure 5,000 lines 
of their code. Then they ask 
whether it will work on all 
their programs. People are 
conservative, they've been 

Starting from 
scratch can 
be costly 

promised too many miracle 

In Britain the 
Government's advisory body 
on computing matters, the 
Central Computer and Tele- 
communications Agency, has 
embarked on an evaluation of 
re-structuring tools. 

It promotes standards in 
government department 
computing and structured 

methods are among them. But 
part of its brief in examining 
re-structuring tools is to deter- 
mine where a data processing 
department might as well cut 
its losses and start again from 

Depending on the size of the 
program, this can be a costly 
option. An often quoted 
example is the case of Pacific 
Gas and Electric, in Califor- 
nia. This utility faced the 
prospect of re-writing 900,000 
lines of code at an estimated 
cost of £13 million. Instead it 
used a restructuring tool that 
cost just over S 1 00 , 000 .' 

Restructuring may prove to 
be no more than a stop-gap 
measure. On the other hand, 
the technique may lead to 
products of greater versatility. 
In either case, the future for 
capable Cobol programmers 
seems assured. 




We are currently looking for a Programmer/Analystto 
assist with developing applications/systems on behalf 
of our refinery. This position would involve locating in 
Pembroke for 3 years then relocating to our Centra I 
London Office. 

Programming will be done using FORTRAN on multiple 
Data General MV/lOOOOcomputers. Applications will 
include busines systems as well as process control and 
data acquisition. Applicants must have a BSc, ideally in 
computer science, maths or chemical engineering and 
have had a minimum of 3 years related DP experience. 
A good knowledge of FORTRAN and systems analysis/ 
design is essential. Exposure to development using 
Data General or other mini computers would be an 

A salary commensurate with age, experience and 
qualifications will be offered along with benefits 
generally associated with any large organisation. 

Please write giving full career details to: 


Mr.M.J. Blinkhom, 

Employee and Public Relations Department, 
Texaco Limited, Pembroke Refinery, 
Pembroke, Dyfed SA71 5SJ. 

We are an equal opportunity employer 


POSITION ‘A’ Assistant (Data Processing) - Nato Brads 
B4. Basic monthly salary IT Lire 2.110.000 
plus authorized allowances, tax free. 
REQUIREMENTS: High School Diploma, ac- 
counting or conquer diploma, formal 
computer terminal user training. Four (4) 
years experience operating a computer 

DESIRABLE: Ability to operate a NORSK 
DATA Terminal, previous service in NATO. 
Knowledge of Norwegian language will ba 
an asset 

POSITION V Cleric (Data Entry) - NATO Grade B2. 

Basic montWy salary IT Lire 1.680.000 plus 
arthorized allowances, tax free. 
REQUIREMENTS: High School Diploma, ac- 
counting or computer djpfoma, formal 
computer terminal user trarang. One (1) 
year experience operating a computer 

DES RUBLE: Knowledge and experience 
with NORSK DATA equipment 

POSITION T Assistant Admin Officer (Pubfa Informaxw) 
- NATO Grade A2- 

Basic monthly net salary IT Lire 3.071.000 
plus authorized allowances. A UNIVERSITY 
Degree in journalism, mass commurecattons 
or related disciplines is reaved or at least 
three (3) years of high level military or civil- 
ian public and media relations experience 
within NATO or a member nation and also 
excellent command of both spoken and wit- 
ten English and Italian. The carafidate must 
have outstanding communicative ski Us, me- 
dia technical abiltiy (Video, Newspaper, 
Photography) and experience in high level 
and sensitive public affairs issues. 

Applicants should submit detailed resume in English citing - 

Education, Qualifications and Work Experience not lata- than 

October 20th 1986 hr. 

(Tel. 081-7212802) 



Electronic Publishing Ex- 
hibition, Wembley Conference 
Centre, London, today until 

New Technologies in Training, 
Kensington Town Hail, London, 
toda^ until Thursday (01-727 

Expert Systems Exhbltlon, 
Bloomsbury Crest Hotel, 
Coram Street London WC1. 
today^_ until Thursday (0865 

IBM System User Show, Olym- 
pia 2, London, Wednesday until 
Friday (01-608 1161) 

Amstnfd Computer Show, 
Novotel, Hammersmith, Lon- 
don, Friday until Sunday (061- 
456 8835) • 

Electronic Point of Sale Ex- 
hibition, Barbican. London. 
October 7-10 

DEC User Show, Barbican, 
London, October 14-16 (01-608 

Computer Graphics Show, 
Wembley, London, October 16-- 

General Practice Computer 
Exhibition - Medical comput- 
ing, Forum Hall Wythenshawe, 
Manchester, October 23-25 
(021-525 8706) 

Appteworid, Business Design 
Centra. Upper St, London N1. 
October 29 -Nc 

St., London 
November 1st(0l- 

831 6262) 

Compec, Olympia. London, 
November 11-14 (01-821 5555) 
Micros in Design, Design 
Centre, Haymarket, London 
SW1, November 12-December 

19 (01-839 8000) 

Computers in the City, Bar- 
bican, London, November 18- 


Cl MAP - Factory automation, 
National Exhibition Centre. 
Birmingham, December 1-5 (01- 
891 3426) 

Ruthless Big Blue and 

the birth of the hacker 

Until the mid-1970s, the prevailing public 
image of information technology was austere 
and exotic. It focused on mysterious, highly 
expensive machinery that belonged in the 
exclusive care of trained technicians. 

Its operations had to be discussed in uie 
esoteric language of information theory, with 
the aid of much mathematics. As an extension 
of the human mind, the computer was coming 
to be seen as necessary for all advanced 
scientific thought and high-level decision 
making, a role that still further distanced it 
from public access. . . 

its reputation as a rival to human intelli- 
gence may have had much to do with science 
fiction exaggerations — like the rebellious 
computer HAL in the film 2001 — but there 
was already a lively discussion abroad about 
the way in which automation would soon 
revolutionize the assembly line and the white 
collar workplace by taking over an ever larger 
range of skilled employment. There was very 
little the public knew about computers that did 
not make the machines seem elite and 
intimidating. , 

Perhaps most dramatically of all, by way of 
saturation television coverage- the nation had 
been many times treated to the sight of the 
Johnson Mission Control Center in Houston, 
where massed ranks of technicians sealed 
before massed ranks of computers supervised 
the triumphs of the still glamorous space 

Quite as intimidating as such media imagery 
was the social feet that the province of 
information technology was still under tight 
corporate control. Indeed, it was dominated 
by the most elite and private of corporations: 
IBM. a high tech Colossus ihat stood astride 
the world, suave, aloof and imperiaL 

Since the war years, “Big Blue,” as IBM was 
known in the industry, had grown into the 
quintessential embodiment of the technocratic 

Hi-tech Colussus that 
stood astride the world 

business style. As dose to a world monopoly as 
any firm had ever come, its control of the 
industry was assumed to be efficient to the 
point of infallibility. 

By the mid-1960s, it owned two-thirds of the 
information technology business. What it did 
not own largely survived by its sufferance, 
salvaging the crumbs that IBM let fell from its 
plate. So large and domineering was IBM that 
it was not regarded as anybody's 
“competition”: rather, it was the 
“environment” within which everybody else 
did business. 

Other companies surrounded IBM like the 
vassals of the crown; their business was mainly 
to do what IBM chose not to do or to produce 
plug-in compatibles for IBM equipmenL 

True to its lordly stature, IBM had brought 
the postwar organization man ethos to its 
perfection. It was run like a taut ship whose 
disciplined crew was coolly ruthless in the 
marketplace, fanatically loyal to the firm, 
machine-tooled to fit the corporate chain of 

But at some point in the 1960s, infallible Big 
Blue made a miscalculation. The possibility 
was at band for making small low-priced 
computers. This could be done as simply as by' 
detaching existing terminals from their main- 
frames and upgrading them into autonomous 
data processors. 

Such machines would have minimal mem- 
ory and could only run reduced programs, but 
they would be more compact and cheaper than 
even the minicomputers then being used in 
offices and laboratories. 

In effect, they could be household appli- 
ances. IBM nevertheless elected to keep its 
money and brains concentrated on the 
development of large-scale computers. This 
was, of course, where most of its thriving 
military and civilian market lay: with expen- 
sive mainframe machines and their 

Perhaps, in part, IBM's decision also sprang 
from the feet that the company saw the future 
of information technology in its own corporate 
image: rigidly hierarchical and centrally 
controlled. IBM had never conceived of selling 
computers to the general public. 

IBM's machines went out to the world as 
locked black boxes; their inner architecture 
was propriety, meant to be accessible only to 
company engineers. 

• The advent of the pe«onalcom- 
puter removed nuich of the mystique 

surrounding the work ofcom^rter • 

experts. In this first extradt from a : 
book to be published next month, I Re 
Cult of information, the amAoc 
Theodore Roszak, above, charts how 

IBM had to come to terms with u» 

Where Big Blue would not lead, other mai&r 
computer firms were not prepared to tread; its 

decision to maintain its 

allowed a chink to open in the walls of the 

industry's citadel. , . . . 

The chink was the microcomputer, a highly 
affordable, table-top machine suitable : for 
home and personal use. IBM and Jhei outer., 
major firms were not unaware of the technical 
feasibility of such a computer. 

Computers had been getting 
as they grew more powerful, and au the where 
becoming progressively cheaper. 

IBM and other companies had band-tooled in- 
house prototypes ot computers small enough 
to be carried in a briefcase. But was there a 
significant market for such a device. Big Bit* 
judged not. Others thought differently- ^ 

The most important of these “others was 
the growing population of young computer 
enthusiasts who had been gathering along the 
fringes of computer research for the better part 
of a generation. , r , 

In his study Hackers: Heroes of the 
Computer .ige. Steven Levy traces their 
origins back to the MIT computer laborat ory 
of the late 1950s. where gifted students were 
often allowed to congregate, sometimes stay- 
ing on through the night to run the equipmenL 
Most of these early computer addicts were 
cut from the Tom Swift mould: adolescent 
.mechanical geniuses capable of improvising 
brilliantly out of scraps and patches for the 
sheer love of solving sweet problems. Among 
them were to be found the inventors of the first 
computer games and toy robots, novelties they 
did not even trouble to patent 
By the late 1960s. some of these youthful 
talents had found their way into the lower 
echelons of the computer industry. There, a 
few of them were already experimenting with 
primitive microcomputers, all of which would* 
be shelved by the companies they worked for. 
In tite folklore of computer history, the early 

The archetypal ‘nerds’ 
of the profession 

hackers are remembered as a special breed. 
Reportedly, many of them were socially 
gauche to the point of being unworldly. They 
are the archetypal “nerds” of the profession. 

Asa group they possessed even less political 
consciousness than commercial savvy; they 
were purely technicians from first to last. But 
by the end of the 1960s, there was another spe- 
cies of hacker on the horizon, emerging mainly 
on the West Coast from the ranks of the anti- 
war movement 

These were the radical or guerrilla hackers, 
who were destined to give the computer a 
dramatically new image and a political 
orientation it could never have gained from 
Big Blue or any of its vassals in the 
mainstream of ihe industry. 

At their hands, information technology 
would make its closest approach to becoming 
an instrument of democratic politics. 

of Information: The Folklore of 
and V 

The Cult ... 

Computers and The Art of Thinking, by 
Theodore Roszak. will he published by 
Lutterworth Press on October 13. £12.95. 




Ma * Jf nortrame user (used ui the Coy uUsmg the Oust teoamtogy tor boh techno) and 
EEmEi Mhrtiwc 

JBsBto; Systems Analysis to be responsible lot the development d online and dafflnsB systems ■ 
commerajl jctnuwnp and hranoaL ConfldeiU and orafesaonaJ people are remind who can develos and 
mstaO systems successJufly in » Ousmus amrronment 

ERWrtMKa: Upwards ol three years commercial experience gamed on projects using any mns or 
mwnjnws A programming background a not tenured, however Analyst Piwyammere vnshmg to mow 
1 Lotto into Analysis are asked to apply For candnbns withoui IBM experience. tub cross- traong wfl be 
m toe UM envnofmten naudmg iQMS database. C1CS etc 

. This K an opponurety to meet new Me mto your career by acqumng sougM-after skits, the 
H. Benefits ntufe a generous retocabon alkwoncfl. Mouses, meals etc. 

REF ITD 2251 

creamy lasting security lot yourself. 

+ Car 




Coropwr A most successful International Computer Services Company with a waned Ckem base m the 
i-nanoai. Technical. Industrial and Commercial fields n tots Gouray and Overseas. 

retail a trod range ol database systems These vacancies we m toe Technical and Development 

Exyrtfcr You mrsi be a GRADUATE or hold a stnlar ouabhcattin with a first class record and practical 
commercial - - - - -* " " 

j: manfiames. roms or mcros. Upwards of IB 
L BASK, C or PASCAL Urax operate is at 

I experience m any ol toe teatag hardware r 
months (far toe Junor Postons} of proQranmng m r 
added bonus. 

at Time manors are fix exceptional ndmduao who wfl entoy extspooraf rewards Aged m 
w mm twenties to late Bums you mu be Mured to matm. energy am good 

uuu r mi c a hon sfaBs as wei as rava&ve bos. Benefits mdude pension schema. He assurance, bonus 
am car for Sen or Postons. 

REF: TIM 2240 



r A wgO rtya&tehed International Bank wtkth has recently mads a Luge mpact on die City's 
Earn) markets, otters a rarely seen oopommv 

: Analyst/Programmer to pm a small dyiumc department developing billon deafen. settlements 

ana general banking systems. 

Ex p er ien c e Carekdates should have a mmnum of 2 yeas exposure to VAX VMS systems with 
Drogmtmnnq croenence m BASIC or COBOL Preference wdl be shwm to applic an ts well a banking or 
financial baekouund afttaogfi carekdates with pure VAX corntnarcoi expenenca will be pven die opporu- 
nrty ol movng nto bailing, 

GaneraL Promi ne nt prospects are excellent tor tndnnduals who wish to progress. The banking benefits 
made mw cos! mortgage after a quafetymg period, person, annual bonus, medical and Me a&suance. 

REF: TTX 2105 





C u re aa ar Doe ol the leading dealers m the UK wdti a woridwtoe turnover of £250 ratal a arrently 
undergone a maior expansion propamine To help sustan toet record of success unmatched wdten the 
industry mdav. a number ol vacancies ate now wabble 

Patifirer Based at the company's new purpose buto offices m West London, the bnef wtfl be to sen toe 
above ousness sofetnu into corporate acmuifc a London and the Home Counties. Current vacancies 
mdude territory sales and account management 

Exsariewcc To auaUv for these posrtnns. Ml candidates vw* need todremnstrato a sound background in 
saubon sates am an indepth knowtodge of the micro ma r ke tplace- Farakjrty wth large IBM matframe 
sees is of oaitndar merest. 

Gesib This company Armfy behaves that salary staid be commaEuraiB wnh success am acfaevemeBL 
To inis end. an outstanding mcwtwe scheme has been nguemaxed inctuang tops abroad tor hgh 
aereevets Tins together *nn the nwWent eamngs prts»al am ine generous beneffis package, nnta ms 

a a*erb opportunity to bather your taneer 

REF. 17V 1660 



Ore Oient is a dynanw: am raridly expanding Computer Consultancy and Software Hoctsa, with pta&ti new 
offees m Sumy and Hens. Considerate growth Is planted tor 1967 aidutag development of the latest 
statMf-tbe art c om municat i on systems hi the System 38/38 range. 

PBHmc Programmers ore requred tor a wide vanety a) appicatmns dewtoproent on BM System 36/38 
- financial distribution and mawfactunng. 50% of the wort wiB be on Ckent ate. 50* m-housa. which w* 
prowde a challenging and unereswig wot to ng envtronmem. 

frwrfrme Apptarts should have upwards of 18 months RPG B or RPG in programmin g experience, 
good camnuicatKgi GUIs am a prafessural and commuted approach. RPG It Programmers may be 
seriously countered tor ta-lnmig to RPG > 

Gwmt Promotional prospects are UNLUGTEO and esvfy repression into ft# consultancy b a tfisnna 
possfaAy. In nOtnn. Ok cariMaM professional wtfl be renamed veto id axcaHent salary and benefits 
metodmg a car, 4 weeks holiday, free BUPA etc. 

Rff: TIB 1056 



Dopqnrer A small dynamc company currently manrfactumg a totally new concept Crererfly based m toe 
City, the company oiwsages movng to the Docklands n the near future. 

PnxMiere A M n gupmcass o r Begun Enaneer is mound to wort on me deatm aid testmo cl PCB'efreU- 
uch products. Hawng tool respona M ty for q uakiy control, the postern will involve extensive Baton wxh 
both manufacturers am Software Engineers. 

E qgtot*: Candidates ml be qutertied to deffee level am have sow) exponent* gained in PC8 
desqjn/teswg am qusfity control Airy expmnce n PLA. ROM/RAM am tagm analysers is advantageous, 
kmf AO ideal oppommty tar applcmfo who wish to pm fufl product responabifty in a tagNech 
enwonment A genune ground floor pasttn rarely seen where progression/ sataiy/responslitty wti be 
baaed on erion/aCBesi Sara option scheme cotdd be available m Die (mure. A real te-ffer s requked so 
only the best are ashed to apply. 

RER TO 2252 



Csseec One of the tagesl aid most sucoassfid Compure Services Companies deakng with all hardware 
(pnos am anviwcul business appkeattan areas, staffed with competenl professionals. 

Constant to be responsdse lor leuhng several teams working waft [QMS. TPMS and other state 
id the an setfware mOvn a commercial environment. Tfes position also enculs trouble shooing and Using 
with effext m ril levels. 

JgeneeeiE 4 years exuenora gamed on the KL 2900 range tiffin a eo mm co a l tndtgnxoid. A good 
knowledge of structured analysis am ttoggn wah an undersandng of HMS am TPMS preferably from 
within a OuichfKild enwonmart. Tiamng wdl be 9 rtn where nece ssa ry n QuicUuxld or Detta. 
gaaotUBs posnkr mdd sut candidates wisfmg to move into constooncy aid expand their user/dtont 
bason swta. Work mdudas work at client sites am tn-tuse. The uarwy of lunhram employed and dm 
scope id Bpuca M ns can lead to last pramotnn aid tngh sdanes. 

• REF: fTF 2244 




E As leaders m the CAD/CAM marhetglaca *nth a wafdwide turnover of £35 mi Kan. thb well 



estaDWwJ and highly successful company s bokxig to lecnxt experienced Sales Execnuves. 
Potftec Various safes opanmos ex&r nasal n Reaotul Offices r the South Eaa. the Midlands « the 
North. You wtfl be response tor aettng nm the engmemg and WHOM marketplaces. 
Egnteose: Proteswnal am oonfelen! you wxl have a mmtun of 3 yeas successful sales experience A 
knowledge oiCADfCAMe NOT essential Howevv.praferenixwdlbettoowntacanditrtowithatBchtnai 
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fiurtb Thi is a utoue OMOrtumy to (« a ccnxany Jha tas an mprassne baebgranf and <rr easing 
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autstamlng nmnnum padoge mdudmg untotmad omtarget eannngs am a generous raige of benefits 
rndwhng-- company car. Bupa and pension scheme 

REF. ITT 2183 

Evening numbers 
until lOpnc- 
01-311 8444 
0245 329592 

If you da not see a posfflo» Dial is 
MeaUy safied to yoo, phase call as 
we have (otud suttaMe jwriUws for 
previous candidates wimh 2 weeks 
of ben eoabuflan os. Cad our sales 
team today, we w® endearaur to feed 
you tie nett JOB! 

Returning to Britain? 

We an spedafisb tn asristhg Brfl- 
ndi Nationals working overseas and 
wishing b return h fee UK. 

If you 

have a good educational background and two or more 
experience, we can find you a suitable position in New Zealand. 
Experienced systems analysts and programmers are in great 
demand and there are excellent opportunities for database admin- 
istrators, account managers and software engineers. 

New Zealand is one of the highest users of computers per head 
of population. We continually have a wide variety of openings for 
capable people. 

Own your own house on a quarter-acre section just fifteen minutes 
from work We can offer fresh air, blue skies and sunshine, beauti- 
ku and mountains for aH possible recreations. Absolutely 

NUCLEAR FREE A great place to bring up children. 

9°od remuneration packages for qualified people. 
Most international firms have offices here and 
most computer manufacturers are well established. 

Excellent promotional opportunities are available. 


Only three million people 


Pi ease nng: 

PH4 Scott (84-4) 728-906. WaHinglon 
Salty Barton 741-8553. London 
or write - 

J P Scon & Associates Limited 
Marac House 105-109 The Terrace 
PO Box 10-282 Wellington New Zealand 

6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 honrs) 




..... -31- - 


*, * 

The hi-tech 
hysterics that 
hit Wall St 


By Chris Naylor 

under three weeks ago 
Wall Street collapsed with the 
worst one-day fell in the Stock 
Exchange in a quarter of a 
century. In that day the Dow 
Jones industrial average suf- 
fered its biggest one-day loss 
5LSPIS?.?* Points since the 
1929 Wall Street Crash, and 
by.the next day the total fall 
for the week was the worst 

So dramatic was the col- 
lapse that Larry Speakes. the 
White House spokesman, was 
moved to words of reassur- 
ance and in Britain, where 
more than £4 billion was 
wiped off share values in the 
wake of this 1986-style Wall 
Street crash. Nigel Lawson 
*as equally moved to stress 
. there was no cause for panic. 

' " Yet financial correspon- 
dents describing the events 
were sufficiently moved by the 
occasion to use words like 
“‘bloodbath”, “thunderbolt” 
and. in one telling instance, 

It's that last word that may 
best describe what happened 
on the day. For the problem 
may just possibly have had 
rather more to do with the 
concept of hysteresis than 

Essentially, the important 
feature of the events was that a 
great deal of the huge selling 
: was initiated and carried out 
entirely by computer, with 
some analysts claiming that 
up to 40 per cent of the day’s 
record trading had been car- 
ried out this way. 

In computer terms, this is 
not too hard a task - it's the 
sort of task that so-called 

expert systems can cope with. 
With sophisticated electronic 
trading seen as one way to get 
competitive in the City's 
financial deregulation next 
month, the way such systems 
work bears examination. 

Expert systems are com- 
puter programs that embody 
the knowledge of a human 
expert and can be used to 
produce expen derisions auto- 
matically. At its simplest this 
might be no more than a 
system which had' the 
“knowledge” to sell when 
prices fall m order to jump off 
the market if the going gets 
worse. Although, at its most 
complex, the expertise built in 
could be considerably more 
sophisticated than this. 

But now to hysteresis 
which, as every engineer 
knows, is the delay between a 
cause of its effect and. by way 
of il lustration, consider your 
central heating system. 

A central heating system 
with a thermostat attached is a 
feedback system. The room 
temperature affects the 
thermostat and. when it de- 
tects a temperature fall below 
a certain point, that thermo- 
stat swiches on the central 
heating boiler. So, the fall in 
room temperature causes the 
boiler to switch on which, in 
tum. raises the room tem- 
perature until the altered feed- 
back from the thermostat 
causes the boiler to switch off 

But if your thermostat is set 
at a comfortable 20 degrees 
Cen trigrade, exactly when 
should the thermostat switch 
the boiler on and off? For if it 
switches at exactly 20 degrees. 

Screen deals: Up to 40 per cent of selling was initiated by computer daring recent Stock Exchange falls 

the boiler will be switching on 
and ofTIike a demented yo-yo. 
This demented switching is 
known by the technical term 
of chatter and is a direct 
consequence of a feedback 
system having a low hyster- 
esis. That is to say, the effect 
follows too swiftly upon the 

in practice, room thermo- 
stats are designed to have a 
reasonable amount of hyster- 
esis built into them so that the 
effect of turning on the boiler 
follows relatively slowly from 
a drop in room temperature 
and isn't initiated by just a 
slight draught. 

So. back to our financial 

expert system. This is also a 
feedback system rather like 
domestic central heating. In 
its simplified form, when ihe 
price of some stock drops it 
unloads it on to the market 
But it can do this much more 
rapidly than its human 
counterparts — which, of 

4 A demented central 
heating system’ 

course, could bestow a greatly- 
desired commercial edge upon 
its owners. 

The only snag is that the 
hysteresis of the expert system 
tends to be mucb less than the 
hysteresis of the human 

equivalent and, if the system 
has been set up to embody the 
currently human responses 
which are appropriate to their 
intrinsically lower hysteresis, 
then it could begin to act like a 
demented central heating 

But there is one important 
difference between a central 
heating system and an expert 
system designed to work in the 
financial markets. A central 
beating system is based on the 
concept of negative feedback 
in which the act of turning on 
the boiler ultimately leads to a 
rise in room temperature 
which will eventually cause 
the boiler to turn off again. 

The world’s stock markets 
are in some measure systems 
based on positive feedback in 
which the act of selling initi- 
ated by price falls causes 
further price falls when then 
fed back into the system. 

In short, expert systems 
working in the world's stock 
markets could embody such 
low hysteresis and such a large 
element of positive feedback 
that they could well begin to 
display a human characteristic 
which is hopefully not 
characteristic of the human 
expert - panic. 

The events earlier this 
month could well have been a 
foretaste of that 

Desktop publishing and the latest challenges to Apple 

i i 

By Geof Wheelwright 
Apple’s virtual monopoly of 
•desktop publishing on micros 
has ended with the launch of 
several new programs to han- 
dle the task for the IBM PC 
and its workalike computers. 

Aldus Pagemaker, the 
desktop publishing software 
program which helped to 
establish the Apple Macintosh 
as the leader m this field, is 
now available in a new ver- 
sion called PC Pagemaker. It 
uses the Windows, picture- 
based operating system by 

But it will not be without 
competition as Xerox is due to 
announce a program called 
Ventura Publisher from the 
California-based Ventura 
Software early next year. 

Rather than simply allow- 
ing the putting together of 
pages electronically, it is more 
geared towards setting in type 
several pages at once, making 
it more suitable for typesetting 
books and technical journals. 

Ventura Publisher uses the 
other major picture-based 
operating system for the IBM 
PC - Digital Research's 
GEM. In the meantime, Xe- 
rox announced its own office 

Dr Charles Geschke, left, and Dr John Waraock, the 
founders of Adobe Systems 

publishing system last week, information of Amstrad’s new 

the Documentor. 

The applications for this 
new breed of software are 
growing fast- Not surprisingly, 
some of the pioneering users 
of desktop publishing systems 
are themselves involved in the 
computer business. 

Future Publishing, a Somer- 
set-based company which pro- 
duces a magazine about 
Amstrad's bustness comput- 
ers, used a desktop publishing 
system to put together 

PC only hours after its lunch- 
time announcement earlier 
this month. 

A two-page article was 
ready for printing by 4pm — 
almost unheard of for a 
monthly magazine - and it 
then joined the rest of the 94- 
page magazine wailing on the 
presses. Finished copies were 
available at the Personal Com- 
puter World show at Olympia 
the following day. 

Desktop publishing soft- 

ware is also changing the way 
books are produced. A 
Hertfordshire company called 
Prefis has been for the past 
year gaining something of a 
reputation for modernizing 
the book publishing business 
with a software package for 
the IBM PC called The Book 

It allows remote commu- 
nication with typesetting 
equipment, as well as the 
more conventional commu- 
nication with laser-printing 

Next week the company is 
due to launch a system that 
will be able to handle pictures 
as well as text using a special 
graphics board plugged into 
IBM PCs or compatibles. It 
will cost about £12,000 includ- 
ing a computer, laser printer, 
video camera and possibly a 
picture scanner which com- 
pares with £5,000 for its text 
only system. 

Last week Electronic Print- 
ing Systems announced 
Jetsetter, a £500 desktop 
publishing program that 
works on Hewlett-Packard’s 
Vectra. and IBM and 

Corporate newsletters have 

also benefited from the tech- 
nology. The London-based 
Cogmta Software has sold its 
Newswriter software to sev- 
eral major London firms 
which use it to produce news- 
letters and reports. 

Despite all the intense com- 
petition, there is one company 
almost guaranteed to make a 
fortune from desktop publish- 
ing. Adobe Systems makes a 
piece of software called Post- 
script that will feature in 
almost every major desktop 
publishing software package 
for the PC 

Postscript could make the 
California-based Adobe into 
the Microsoft of the desktop 
publishing world. Microsoft 
turned into a blue chip com- 
pany at the heart of the PC 
establishment when its MS- 
DOS operating system be- 
came a standard on which the 
IBM PC and all its look-alike 
computers were based. 

If a computer didn’t run 
MS-DOS. then it wasn’t PC- 

Similarly, all the major laser 
printing systems and new 
photo-typesetters designed to 
work with PCs all use Post- 
script as the way in which the 

needs of the user are commu- 
nicated via the computer to 
the laser printer or typesetting 

If someone designs a piece 
of desktop publishing software 
which doesn't use Postscript... 
they may find themselves cut 
off from many of the priming 
systems people would choose 
to use with iL 

Liz Marie Bond, who heads 
the company's marketing op- 
erations, describes Postscript 
as the “strategic glue that’s 
making desktop publishing all 
happen”. She said Adobe is 
now looking at ways of 
broadening how their software 
is used. 

While Postscript can pro- 
vide quite acceptable results 
for desktop publishing pack- 
ages using laser printer tech- 
nology, it still doesn't have the 
depth of character definition 
required for high-quality type- 
setting work. But it is only a 
matter of time. 

Apple Computers, 0442 60244 
Prefix. 0920 5890 
Cognita Software. 01-221 

Electronic Printing Systems. 


Rank Xerox, 0895 51133 

major headache 

By Alistair Guild 
The integration of software 
packages is becoming a m^jor 
Headache for many data centre 
managers, according to a sur- 
vey, just published, of more 
than 100 IBM MVS sites in 
five European countries 

.The survey was carried out 
by the research consultancy 
IDC Europa on behalf of the 
American-based company 
Uccel, which claims that 85 
per cent of all American IBM 
MVS data centres already use 
its software. . 

In Britain the figure is 50 
per cent with customers 
including major clearing 
banks, the Stock Exchange, 
large insurance companies 
and British Airways. 

The research, based on 
interviews with managers in 
the UK. West Germany, 
France, Holland and Italy, 
shows that data centre man- 
agers are particularly con- 
cerned about levels of support 
available and their ability to 
provide an acceptable service 
to their customer base. 

Ian Cartwright, the manag- 
ing director of Uccel Software 
Products, said large computer 
systems operate, on average, 
with five different software 
environments made up typi- 
cally of three independent 
suppliers, IBM. and software 
the company has developed 

This involves large amounts 
of training - in some cases 
different terminals are dedi- 
cated to 1 each system — with 
the additional hardware costs. 

“If the present trend in data 
processing operating costs in 
the US continues. w,u 
exceed- the American gross 
national product by the end at 
the century.” claims Mr Cart- 

The survey was commis- 
sioned to lest the market in 
Europe for a new software 
package. Synova — which is 
intended to manage the use 
and operation of systems soft- 
ware in the data centre, ir- 
respective of the supplier. 

“Whereas in the past you 
might have required a number 
of terminals each dedicated to 
one piece of software now only 
one will be required. Data 
centres can integrate a variety 
of systems, software tools, and 
packages from different 
suppliers." said Mr 
CartwrighL t ... 

The product is also claimed 
to ensure that security proce- 
dures. which might vary be- 
tween one software seller and 
another, are standardized and 
made more, user friendly. 

As part of the development 
programme. L'ccel set up a 
securiiy sub-commiuee within 
its user group with three 
members, the Bank of Scot- 
land. the Leeds Permanent 
Building Society and Britoil. 

“At present if* someone 
wanted to have access to four 
different types of secured 
information he might have to 
go through four different se- 
curity procedures.” 

With Synova costing a cool 
£50.000 a copy, .the UK 
market could be worth £22 
million said Mr Cartwright. 

Small firms get a hand 
with the figures 

The National Computing 
Centre’s scheme to help busi- 
nesses choose accounting soft- 
ware becomes operational this 
week. It should also help to 
improve the standard of pack- 
ages in a field where where 
more than 2.000 programs are 

While evaluation is not 
compulsory, the independent 
certificate and motif issued on 
software passing the National 
Computing Centre tests 
should offer a strong market- 
ing advantage to successful 
software companies. 

To set up the tests for the 
packages, the NCC worked 
closely with the Institute of 
Chartered Accountants and 
Customs and Excise .in the 
preparation of the test proce- 
dures, work funded by 
£50.000 from the Department 
of Employment 

“The success or failure of 
computer systems can affect 
the survival of small busi- 
nesses. The DoE was con- 
cerned about the potential job 
losses which could result from 
the wrong decision,” said 
John Andrews, manager of 
NCCs micro systems (centre. 

Some 60 suppliers ex- 
pressed interest in submitting 
their accounting software to 
the test procedure although 
NCC motifs will not be issued 
until March 1 next year, to 
ensure that no supplier has an 
unfair start. 

Suppliers can also buy 
copies of the lest procedures 
giving them the chance to iron 
out any weaknesses before 
submitting packages to the 
NCC for approval. They will 
cost £750 with the DoE receiv- 
ing 7 per cent of the sale 
proceeds. The full evaluation 
of the less complicated pack- 
ages is expected to take about 
four weeks and costs £4,000 — 
a- cost to be born by the 

Individual reports on each 
package will be available to 
suppliers, dealers and poten- 
tial buyers at £15 and will also 
include a rating of packages 
from questionnaires com- 
pleted by existing users. 

“Data can be garbled when 
it's saved or garbled when it's 
primed out Occasionally, 
even reputable suppliers when 
adding an extra feature to a 
package don't take into ac- 
• count the effect that can have 
on the basic software,” said 
Mr Andrews. . 

The NCC is now interested 
in extending the service to 
payroll packages. It has com- 
pleted a preliminary study and 
is waiting for confirmation 
from the Inland Revenue that 
it wishes to proceed. The 
Revenue wants to encourage 
users of computers to use 
payroll packages which pro- 
duce more accurate returns. 


i I 

i \ 


IBM United Kingdom Laboratories Limited requires Data 
Communications Programmers to j oin the company’s Workstation 
Development Group at its new offices in Basingstoke. 

This is an exciting opportunity to work on the development 
of leading- edge data communications software and to meet the 
networking and connectivity requirements of our European 

You should have experience in the following:— 

• Communications software development supporting 
OSI, including CCITT X.25 protocols; 

• Personal Computer operating systems and multi-tasking 

•Programming languages such as ‘C\ Pascal and Assembler. 
You should also be able to combine a desire to work on data 
communications with IBM’s Local Area Networks and public 
Wide Area Networks, with an understanding of communications 
and hardware/ software interfaces. 

In return we can offer you an excellent salary, highly 
attractive career prospects, and a package of benefits to include 
free life assurance, contributory pension scheme and BUPA 

Write with full career details to Barrie Rogers, Personnel 
Officer, IBM United Kingdom Laboratories Limited, 
FREEPOST, Hursley Park, 

Winchester; Hants. 

S021 2BR. Please quote 
reference T/329. 

• IRJXHl jiilm inini'r Ml I IK Iw-aiimi* 

• Tm' maimfai'lurlnp |il.ini* 
i IVwliipnirnl In1-ir.rl«ir> urar Winrhf^if 

• An ti|ii.i! unity i-mploytY 

• t 1.502 mil I r»|M>n- in 

• nnili.m i»,<-^nl in IlK ill 1'HIi 



Experience in using market research tabulation packages on mainframe and 
mini computers is essential. As we process a large number of different surveys 
each year covering a wide variety of analysis requirements,- Data processing 

«. — ~ »«• : «** ? ** ' ”■’*“■ for thejobs they 

;mc studies 
the report 

writing executives is important Miipro also process several studies involving - 
individually written programs on both our own UNIX system and on micro 
computers; thus any additional experience in the standard programming lan- 
guage is advantageous, although not necessary. The salary is subject to 
negotiation (it has not been predetermined) and the company operates a bonus 
scheme with twice yearly payments. 

Initially write (enclosing your CV) or telephone 01-637 1444, Maureen Clay, 
Services Director, Miipro Ltd., 1 & 2 Berners Steel, London W1. 





£ 16 , 000 + 



“One of the world's largest Commodity Traders currently has vacancies for 
enthusiastic Analyst/Programmers to work on the development and support of 
complex on-line Commodity Information Systems. Immense importance is 
placed on these systems and the successful applicants will need to demonstrate 
sound Analyst/Programmer skills and according to ability wiU be Involved In all 
stages of development through to final implementation. Candidates should be 
self motivated, with the drive and ability to communicate and work under 
pressure to specific timescales. Development, centered on point Four Hardware 
(Operating System compatible with that of Data General Minis), includes 
financial and trading related applications. Communications and networking with 
a substantial PC base wiU play an increasingly important role. Candidates should 
have upwards of two years Basic Programming skills, obtained in a busy multi 
user on-line mini computer environment These positions offer an opportunity 
to enter the demanding world of C6mmodities,.where specific applications skills 
are not as important as personality / drive and enthusiasm.” 


recruitment consultants 



01 439 8302 
01437 5994 



01-394 0096 




Seeks RPG2 programmer to be based 
in Slough, with four years System 34 
and or 36 experience. Good analysis 
skills for customer support. Salary to 
£18,000 plus car and medical benifits. 
Applicant must be willing to train in 
California head office. 

Telephone 0753 684584 
for further details. 

Amalgamated Software 
of North Americia INC 

470 London Road 
Slough Berks SL3 8QY 



01-481 4481 



>AY SEPTEMBER 30 1986 . 



A guide to 
career opportunities 

Caring is a job with a future 

For many years residential social work 
was regarded as a poor relation com- 
pared with fieldwork, and as a bit of a 
dead-end as a career. But now there is a 
good career structure for those who start 
with local authorities. 

m(§ft Legal Diwte® 

Opportunities exist to progress not 
only in residential care but within the 
social services in general. 

Five or six years ago it might have 
been unusual for an officer in charge of a 
residential establishment to become a 
director of a local authority social 
services department. Today there are 
several directors whose original base was 
in residential care. One of the most 
recently appointed is David Lane, now 
director of social services at Wakefield. 

Residential care is a 
demanding but fulfilling 
task, reports Joan 
Llewelyn Owens in this 
second of a series on 
finding employment in 
the public sector 

Others will be using the home or hostel 
as a hotel and going out to work each day 
and will need support of a different kind. 

As explained earlier, opportunities 
occur for career progression to senior i 
practitioner, assistant manager and man- 1 
ager of one or more units. An officer in / 
charge of an establishment with perhaps 
60 residents and 25 staff needs consid- 
erable management skills. Some residen- 
tial social workers have training 
responsibilities. Others make the switch 
to fieldwork. 


Residential care is provided not only 
by local authorities and the probation 
service but also by national voluntary 
societies, local organizations and 

they feel they can adjust to ordinary life. 

There are hostels and rehabilitation 
centres too for homeless families and for 
parents who need to learn how to care 
properly for their families. Some single 
mothers may be accommodated in 
mother-and-baby homes where they can 
live both before and after the birth. 

It is wise to test your motivation by 
taking a job as a care assistant or house 

parent before applying for a place on a 
course leading to a qualification in social 
work. Besides, the feet that you have this 
experience improves your chances of 
gening a place and being sponsored by an 

National policy is to keep children out 
of care if possible and to transfer many 
people in hospitals and residential 
establishments into the care of the 
community. So there is less residential 
provision at present for children, while 
the big area of growth is in the care of the 
elderly who have no family or whose 
relatives cannot cope. 

Although fewer children may be taken 
into care, there is still a need for a 

Useful practical experience can also be 
obtained by young people aged between 
16 and 1 9 on a two-year full-time course 
leading to the Preliminary Certificate in 

Technical Services 

Ref 600/PSl .. he 

Barnet is London's second largest borough and I this >is re t 
complexity and variety of the workload of the technical » 
Team within Barnet Legal Divison. 

The Division has rwently been ^^^^^^JciFs^on^eyanc- 

rnanage the team of eleven responsible for the Counc 

ing. Contract and Planning work. . ^ , 

You will be an experienced Conveyanoer with a win 

and background in Planning Law. Your IT ? a . n ^Tla- an 5^aying a 
stand you in good stead, both when supervising sum and P y 

key role in management decisions. 

, „„ , c « Ir 10 £ 19.461 pa IKtoSNt, 

SSySiaSr—**"" ™ 
£ S^oSsSSSm 

Barnet s Cmet fxt 418. 

SSJoilKnn LoSo* NW4 2Elt Trieptane 

S? M2 W*** ate 

Of. 202 8282. M l 01 vv ‘" 


_^-ionoon borough ■ 

number of residential establishments. . Social Care. However, this merely gives 

Thflcp i n fM i f/Io mvnlmn ivnlrM tvhmr - . __ r - i . . . ^ 

These include reception centres where 
children are assessed and plans made for 
their future, nurseries for babies and 
young children, small family-type 
homes, and larger homes of which some 
cater for children with special needs. 

evidence of interest and practical experi- 
ence, and those intending to study for the 
Certificate of Qualification in Social 
Work (CQSW) should ensure that they 
have the necessary academic qualifica- 
tions, too. 

Anyone contemplating a career in the 
social services needs to be aware that 
establishments are having to deal with 
considerably more frail people than in 

Other children may be cared for on a 
permanent basis, but in many cases care 
is required only, temporarily: perhaps a 
mother is ill or there is some other good 
reason for the parents being unable to 
look after them. 

At present, qualified residential social 
workers either possess the CQSW. which 
is the professional qualification for all 
forms of social work, or the Certificate in 

Major task is to retain 
their independence 

the past and demands on staff can be 

The job is not one of simple physical 
caring. It calls for considerable counsel- 
ling skills and the ability to deal with 
some difficult situations. 

Within one shift a social worker might 
be called on to face a death and the 
sadness it causes among other residents, 
and an admission, which is probably a 
traumatic experience for an elderly 
person who has had to leave her own 
home for strange surroundings. 

People new to the service have to leant 
that one of their major tasks will be to 
maintain the dignity and independence 
orthe people they are caring for. In some 
cases, the more active elderly will be 
living in sheltered housing, with a 
warden to call on in case of need. 

Residential homes and hostds for 
adults include provision for the blind, 
deaf, physically handicapped, mentally 
impaired, mentally ill and for people 
with social handicaps who find it 
difficult to fit into a more normal pattern 
of life. 

Former prisoners and alcoholics may 
go to hostels or “half-way" bouses until 

Some' of these children, unhappily, 
will have been ill-treated by their 
parents, and as a result they may have 
behaviour problems. The job of the 
residential soda! worker with such 
children is very demanding. In a unit for 
adolescent youngsters who may have 
been rejected by their parents, there can 
be actual violence. Sooal workers have 
to learn to handle such situations and to 
provide the support these young people 

Trainees from widely 
differing backgrounds 

Children who are deaf, blind, phys- 
ically, mentally or emotionally handi- 
capped may go to special boarding 
schools and homes, while those who are 
in trouble with the law or in need of care 
are provided for by community or 
probation homes and hostels. 

In some cases senior members of staff 
live in or on the site and are probably 
given self-contained accommodation. 
However, being a residential social 
worker does not necessarily mean living 
in. though it probably involves some 
sleeping-in duties. 

One cannot generalize about residen- 
tial social work. At times it can entail 
rolling up your sleeves and doing even 
the most menial task. Some residents 
may need to be washed, dressed and fed. 

Social Service (CSS). The CSS is 
designed for a variety of social services 
personnel, other than social workers; 
managerial supervisory and care staff in 
residential and day services. 

Training for the CQSW is open to 
people of widely differing backgrounds. 
For non-graduate courses the minimum 
age is 20 and applicants under 25 must 
have at least five O-levels. CSE Grade 1 
or GCSE, including English. Some 
colleges ask for two A-levels. 

For the CSS, candidates must be IS or 
over and those under 21 need five O- 
levels. CSE Grade 1 or GCSE. 

ft's worth noting that the Council for 
Education and Training in Social Work 
intends to introduce a new single 
qualifying award in social work based on 
the CQSW and the CSS patterns of 
training. Training leading to this new 
award will last at least three years and 
will be introduced in the academic year 

Further details about residential social 
work and social work training can be 
obtained front CCETSW in Belfast. 
Cardiff. Edinburgh and London (Derby- 
shire House. Si Chad’s Street. London 



$01/2 (m5e9£12297) 

Promotion of the 
ament post-holder to 
Chief Accountant has 
resulted in a vacancy 

fora Senior 
(Accounts). The duties 
indude management of 
a small sub-section 
responsible for the 
procedures, including 
the budgets for the 
G-R.F. serviced 
committees, the D.L.O. 
and Water Authorities’ 
Agency work. 

The post wffl provide 
an opening for an 
qualified CJ.PF.A. 

experience whdst living 
in de&ghtful Colswotti 
Generous relocation 
expenses paid. 

For foU details, 
ap pli ca tion form 
and job 

specification, ring 
the Director of 
Francos' Se cr et a ry 
(Linda Powefl) on 
0285 57S7 
ext. 3301. 
Closing date: 

3rd October 1386. 

Council Offices, 
Trinity Road, 
Ciioncaatar, Plow. 
GL7 1PX 


Over afive square mile area. The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea 
manages and maintains a wide range of vital services from engineering and 
housing to social services and public amenities. With annual assets running to 
£230 million, it is currently spending £100 million (gross revenue budgets) plus 
£30 million capital budgets. Its heavy commitment to computer technology means 
that the Council is at the forefront of IT developments, presenting ambitious 
accountants with a highly professional challenge - and a real opportunity to 
optimise the use of sophisticated computer technology. We currently seek: 


Chief Internal Auditor 

uner internal Auditor totMoo 

This should prove an ideal role for a forward -thinker with sound, relevant 

As part of a young dynamic Finance Department of some 190 staff you will manage 
a nine strong team engaged in major system reviews and value-for-money 
exercise Computer audit will be a major aspect of your brief, offering the * 
opportunity to determine direction from foe very start, and to work closely with 
business systems and IT professionals. Ref. 459. 


Administration Manager 

Administration Manager to£is,3oo 

To contribute to foe Engineering Departments management team as leader of a 
12-strong specialist section advising line-managers on organisation and 
management of budgets. A high-profile role, ft also involves maintaining our 
internal balance of payments, and provides first-rate experience in a position dose 
to the operational level in such busy and vital service areas as engineering, 
transport and leisure. Ret. 460. 

Both positions, offer generous benefits indudihg flexitime, subsidised restaurant, 
an active sports and social dub and season ticket loan. Prospects are excellent 
within this fast-developing environment 
To apply please contact Stephen Wood, Personnel Department 
Kensington Town Hall. London W8 7NX. Telephone 01-937 5464 Ext 2167. 

flu c $Q>afcBorMjfi of 

uaii ti 1 m ti ti 




(PO 36/39) f12,894-£14,100 

Applications are invited from quali- 
fied Accountants to lead the General 
Accountancy section within the Fi- 
nance department. This key post 
will form an important part of moves 
towards enhanced reporting and 
control procedures and the person 
appointed will, in addition to appro- 
priate experience, have a high 
degree of motivation and initiative. 
Good communication skills and a 
practical knowledge of financial 
modelling using computers are also 
of importance. 

Further details and application 
form can be obtained from the 
Personnel and Management Ser- 
vices Officer, Council Offices, 
Urban Road, Kirkby in Ashfield, 
Nottinghamshire. Telephone: 
Mansfield (0623) 755755 ext. 
333 or call in at the Council's In- 
formation Offices at Kirkby in 
Ashfield, Sutton in Ashfield or 
Hucknall. dosing date: 6th Octo- 
ber 1986. 

Canvassing will disqualify. 

Ashfield District Council is an Equal 
Opportunities Employer. 



(two posts) 

Salary up to £10,164 

We are looking for two intefligent, self-motivated 
and numerate graduates with relevant experience 
to work on a variety of interesting and challenging 
topics concerned with the formation, monrtorrng 
and review of strategic ptanfag poBctes. 

One of the posts is mainly concerned with de- 
mographic and housing matters and the other with . 
local economic issues- Both are part of an indi- 
gence and monitoring team that Is responsible for 
providing sound, relevant and practical advice on 
policy issues 

The nature of this work offers considerable 
opport u nities for career development, 

A specific professional or academic background 
is less important than a proven ability to analyse 
complex issues and to communicate dearly. 

For father delate and a ppBc a tion form teL Pat 
WefloyDavid Parmrter on Lewes (0273) 475400, 
ext 573 or write to Personnel Officer, Pelham 
House, St Anfoews Lane, Lewes BN7 1UN. 

Closing date: October 22 . 

East Sussex is committBd to equal opportunities- 

City op CORDLpp 



A Manager with a great deal of flair, marketing skiDa 
and co-ordinating ability ia needed urgently for the 
efficient luanagwnmt and cost effective running of 
the Cardiff Searchlight Tattoo. 

The responsiblities indode marketing, publicity and 
public relations sponsorship; budgetary control; li- 
aison with the Army and other bodies contracts; 
and sspenriskNi of production and venue 
nrrflll gH iieiltg. 

The appointment is for one year contract initially, 
but tins may be renewable for a further two years. 

Application forms rad further details may be ob- 
tained from the City Personnel Officer. City HaD, 
Cardiff CFl 3ND, telephone (0222) 822290, to 
whom completed applications must be returned by 
16th October 1986. 

Cardiff City Council ia an Squat Opportunity Em- 
ployer and applications are welcomed from suitably 
qualified anif/or experienced people regardless of 
*?• marital status, race, religion, colour or 

Oxford City 

An Equal Opportunities Employer 


P016 £13653 - £14862 per aurai 

A parson with a strong financial background in 

Local Government or simitar, preferably with ex- 
perience in Housing is required to co-oitinate two 
teams involved in Finance and Property Systems. 
The postholder wffl be responsible for the devel- 
opment and implementation of new ' financial 
systems reining to the new locally based housing 
service, with particular emphasis on extendmg the 
property data base and providing support for staff 
mvoh/ed in capital and main te nance work. 
Temporary housing accommodatron may be avaS- 
abto, subject to circumstances, and relocation 
expenses up to £2860 wffl be paid, if appropriate. 
Job share eppficants wffl be considered for tire 

Places In a misery ran by the St Thomas Day 

Nuraere Association may be available for chSdren 
aged 6 months to 5 years. 

AppHcaoon forms end further particulars available 
from the Personnel Officer. 35 Queen Street, 
Oxford. 0X1 1EF. Telephone Oxford 24981 1 ext 
465 or 361. Dosing rate: 17th October 1986. 
AppBcations are welcome from al regardless of 
gender, marital status, race, dfeabfflty or sexual 
orient a tion. 



professions regulated by Ha Central Cornea. 

preferably experience or 

invotamertlh professional education antitranino wittbeexperafl. 

The sabry (Iba grads torafeidi is under renew) and the 
terms and coremioits wffl reflect the responStttmesanti 
irfiportanca attached to the post 

to Miss A C Eroerm Chatman. UKCC. 23 rortbrnl 
WIN 3AF quoting reference RCEft. Arrangements todagusstte 


appointment OF 


Salary up to £12,039 

Vacancies exist at Eccies Magistrates' Court for 
Court Clerks, and applications are invited from 
oersons qualified as Solicitors or Barristers, in- 
cluding those who have recently passed their find 
qualifying examinationa and are awaiting 

Previous experience in a Magistrates' Court is not 

The position of Court Clerk at E « ,flS . 0 ‘^ s . * 
valuable opportunity to work closely with the by 
judiciary and to gain legal and office skills. The 
ST— and ftlA (Successful appli- 

Court is computerised and the successful appli- 
cant wifl have the opportunity to gam expenenra 
in this growing field. Applications should be sub- 
mitted by the 13th October and should include 
details of relevant qualifications and experience 
and the names of two referees, including the 
applicant's present employer (if any). 

Please reply to:- 
A. J. Turner. ULB., 

Clerk to the Justices, 

Eccies Magistrates' Court, 

The Court House. IrweM Place. Eccies. 
Manchester. M30 OFN 





St Mungo Housing is one of the most successful 
charities working for the homeless through the 
development and management of hostels in 
London. Rapid expansion means we have out- 


imtS'l i 


development and management of hostels in 
London. Rapid expansion means we have out- 
grown oar administrative and financial systems 
and we now require an experienced professional 
to take over these functions. 









The successful applicant will be an accountant 
with an administrative background who will be 
able to ehwime? our energies gn| l «u»b» the best 
use of the resources available to us. He/she will 
be a member of the senior staff team, will r^ort 
to the Director and will attend management 
committee meetings. 

Salary c£17,000 pa. 

Further Retail* from> 

Tatricia Hamifl 
St Mongo Housing 
217 Harrow Road 
London W2 5EH 
Telephone 01-286 1358 

Closing date for applications: 10 October 1986 

md initiating anti raspondng to the needs tor poBcy 
development. Including IDs corporate dwafopmant of m 
economic strategy 

St Mongo 

Working for London's Homeless 

IS wl 

A unique employment service based on trust 


Many people think of The Corps only as 
providing uniformed staff. 

Whilst this is our main business, we also 
provide qualified non-uniformed staff on a 
permanent basis as office managers, 
building services managers, administration 
officers, estate supervisors and caretakers, 
warehouse co mroUers. receptionists, 
registry and post room personnel and 
many other similar posts. And because 
these functions are carried out in the 
Services, our men and women have 
thorough experience in these areas. 




^ we select are exclusively 

S™S'™ ,nbe K r ? of HM forces. The Police, 

The Merchant Navy and The Fire Service. 

You provide the job brief and, after 
selection and screening, well provide vou 
with exactly the nghi person to interview. 

A person of reliability, experience, and 
complete trusL 

Vfe have many fine candidates on file 
- and we know where to locate othersfor 
special needs, h will cost nothing 
to talk to us. so call us today. 

fen*— lomuunmn. Mtipnbaoimi Tfcl: 01-353 1125 

Mn-h** — n— ■ys— «wr or fiOin the coupon. < WI | 

NAME: .Title: VV 

Company:— 1 The/^. ^ f 1 

Address; 1 1 : *?) 

Tel.No: A „„i que ' % 

London. Belfiau B.rmmgfam. Brhiol. Edinburgh. Glasgow. Leeds. LivcrpooL MandwsusT. N mcMlk n 


c ? n c V 

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The International 
of Midwives 

Applications are invited for the post of Executive Secretary, which 
will become vacant at the end of 1986. The post is based at the 
London headquarters of the confederation. 

Qualifications: A midwifery cextificate/tfplonm, with additional 
evidence of experience and/or imrieratanHing 0 f 
midwifery, preferably from a broad perspective. 
Assets: Ability to work alone plan objec- 

tiye, open approach to all aspects of maternal and 
child h ealt h, and midwifery education prac- 
tice; secretarial and administrative 
including typing; high standard of oral and writ- 
ten communication drills in Rr^lwV flexibility 
for occa si o n al weekend work «nrf nrcocyinql wort 

Initially, this post will be part-time (three to four days a week), 
increasing according to the needs of the confederation. Salary and 
employment contract to be negotiated with successful applicant. 

Detailed job description available, on request, from the Executive 
Secretary, International Confederation of Midwives, 57 Lower 
Belgrave Street, London SWTW OLE. Telephone (01) 730 6137. 

Closing date : October 13 1986. 


JNC for Chief Officers 

£1 8,B37-£20,385 Per Annum (Pay Award Pending) 

' Plus £1,155 Per Annum Travelling Allowance 
We are looking for a successor to our Chief Housing Officer, 
who will be retiring in April 1987. 

This key post is demanding but rewarding, and the Borough 
Council is committed to a caring Housing Policy. 

The functions covered are: 

Management and Motivation of 43 Officer Staff and 55 
Manual Employees. 

Lettings and Administration. 

Sheltered Accommodation and Homeless Cases. 

Client and DLO Responsibilities for Council 
Housing Maintenance. 

Candidates will be professionally qualified (IOH preferred) 
and have several years experience at a senior management 
level, covering the duties above. The post forms pan of the 
Council's Officers* Management Team and we shall be 
looking for the ability to contribute to the Corporate 
Management of the Authority. 

A generous financial package is offered, in approved cases, 
to assist with relocation to the Borough, in this popular area 
of the South Dorset coast. 

For an information pack and application form, please 
contact the Personnel Section, PO Bax 21. Municipal 
O ff ices. North Quay. Weymouth DT4 8TA. or telephone 
Weymouth (0305) 785101 Ext. 316. . 

CLOSING DATE for re cei p t of completed ap p lic a tion 
forms: Friday. 17th October, 1986. 52 D 


■ BOROUGH council. ■ 

Health Authority 

Chief Internal 

(£124100 to £14,600 p.a. Scale 18) 

We are a large and progressiva Health 
Authority with a total annual turnover 
of around £80m, and following the 
promotion of the previous postholder, 
to a more senior position in our new 
management structure, we are seeking 
a Chief Internal Auditor to lead the 
various exciting developments we have 
in mind for our Internal Audit function. 
This is not only a key post in this 
Authority but it is also one with 
considerable management 
development and career potential. 
Applications wifl be welcomed from 
persons with qualities of enthusiasm 
and innovation; and who possess, or 
will imminently obtain appropriate 
professional qualifications. 

Application forms, job descriptions 
ana further details may be obtained 
from the Director of Manpower. 
Plymouth Health Authority, 7 Nelson 
Gardens, Stoke, Plymouth PL1 5RH. 
Telephone: Plymouth (0752) 

562552 ext 276. 

The Director of Resources will be 
happjMo discuss the post on Plymouth 

Closing date for receipt of completed 
appfications: 9th October 1986. 


Help the Aged is undenting a major project with large 
commar ca l/rafigtnrt organisations to make Lifeline 
Emergency Atoms available in the homes of their needy 

We need the help of Retired Executives to discuss the 
project with the appropriate senior management and to seek 
through them their co-operation to improve the quality of 
life for ther more needy and frail ex-employees. 

Retired Senior Managers from industry, commerce or the 
professions are pareahrty welcome. You’ll need an out- 
going persomHy and good communications stalls. 

WTSst the work is voluntary, involving a couple of days a 

week, ad expenses will be rambursad. The real reward is 

ths enormous job s a tisf a ction of enabfng frail elderly peo- 

pte to remain hapoly and more safety in their own homes, 

when otherwise they would probably be institutionalised. 

We urgently raquve help In London and the Home Counties, 

the Bristol area, the North East and 

North Ufest of England. I 

Please write, quoting ref. LCV, \^>.r 

enclosing your ei it available 

to, tas Mares, Htip tie — — ^Wi\ 

L&'efflNt Help the Aged 

Tat 61-81 6253. 9 



The Commission is see) 
rant now post of Head 

I applications for the impor- [ 
the Conservation Unit 

At the invitation of the Minister for the Arts, a national ! 
Conservation Unit is to be set up, which wffl continue 
end develop the work begun by the Crafts Council's , 
former Conservation Section. The Unit will assume an 
Important role as a recognised centre of conservation 
knowledge, and wA participate In the development and 
co-ordination of conservation polices, ft wtf be respon- 
sible for providing and pubtishmg information on 
conservation and conservators (including a c en tral 
register)- education and training, as wed as administra- 
tion of a conservation grants scheme. 

AppBcvrts for the post shottid hoti a University Degree 
and/or equivalent qualifications in practical conserva- 
tion work, and should be atite to demonstrate 
substantial achievement to at least one held of con- 
servation. Proven managerial and communication skills 
wiB be important In this post 

The post wfil be based at the Commission s Central 
London offices- Starting salary wffl be negotiable depen- 
dent on qualifications and experience. 

Further details and application forms may be obtained 

The Personnel Officer 
Museums and Galleries Commission 
7 St James's Square 
London SW1Y 4JU 

(Tat 01-839 9340) 

Boring tfale for op pfo Bans: Monday 20 October 1988 


St Mungo Housing, one of the most successful 
charities for the homeless in London, requires 
someone experienced in housing, development and 
admiziistratjoD to head its new technical services 

rig ym|T 3 m » iit 

St Mungo presently k— 10 buildings in manage- 
ment and 7 more in development and a continuous 
pu yawim* of acquisition is envisaged. 

The successful applicant will provide full manage- 
ment and u*-hnir »1 topport to the association in 
newboOd. rehab and the development and manage- 
ment of building. He/she wiD be a member of the 
senior staff team, will report to the Director and 
wiD attend management committee meetings. 
Salary c£16£00 
Further details from:- 

Patricia Hamill 
St Mungo Housing 
217 Harrow Road 
London W2 5EH 
Telephone 01-286 1358 

Closing date for applications: 10 October 1986. 

St Mongo 

Working for London's Homeless 


PRI NCI PA L/SENIOR To even the ^ solicitor or barrister We can 
* _ _ become a little one-dimensional. Partisan and 

COURT CLERKS habitual pressures, of either defence or 
„ 40 4 n n/ . rt prosecution, all too often defy broader 
A 7 il“ 7 0« UUU participation in the practice of law. /.. 

* How refreshing to be able to enjoy / 

comprehensive involvement in court . 

activity, free from the ties of /■• ’’ 

defence or Crown. ✓ 

As a clerk you will be an . /. • y 

important, independent // . / ■ 

_ executive of the / ' / / 

/ ~ Magistrates' / / / / 


Mo strings. 

Hounslow refe,w “ Ysiua 

Magistrates' Courts Committee 

■■ . IlmfR Coumgiving 

' (MR / advice iu court and. 

/ '. / /'at Principa^ievel, acting as a \ 

/ ■/ ‘ . ./ ✓ Team Leader „ \ 

/ ' . ' / You will advise lay justices on all \ 

/■- . f ’/.aspeca of law, practice and procedure^ 

/ ‘ / empowered, free of the shackles of national 
y- ■■ yf ./ bureaucracy, to assist in devising a service \ 

V / , / best suited to your locality's individual needs.! 

~ • / / There are two courthouseawrthin the Hounslow 

’TjP'Zf'jl ‘ ' Petty Session^ Area and over 90 courts sit each \ 
/ week. Both Brentford and FelthankCourts enjoy a \ 
CiL'y varied caseload and\re proud of their innovative \ 
X procedures and the responsive service They provide. \ 

As such Hounslow is an attractivearea in whtetvto further or \ 
build ypurte#pertise; and the pace ami sophisticatiiui of our 1 

operation mfeans opportunities for progression are ftequem. 

Furthermore^ over 600 Chief and Deputy Chief Officer posts 
exist nationally, the Service as a whole carhenable theVareer 
minded solicitor/bafrister to rise quickly to the most senior of 
posts with salaries or^30,000 and beyond. \ \ 

No strings attached. \ \ • 

Starting salaries within the above range will b&dependetit on 
qualifications, ability and ex^qrience. Generous as^stancewfth 
relocation expenses may be available. \ \ 

Austin Knight has been retained^ handle initial aphlicatiolis. If 
you have 2-3 years' post qualification experience, find out mort 
about these appointments tw teiephohing Teny Kennedy qn 0754 
39103 (day) or 0784 33396 (evenings/weekends). \ \ 

Alternatively, send foil career details to him at \ ' 

Austin Knight Selection, Knightway House, X ■ \ 

Band Lane. Egham, Surrey TW20 9NX quoting \ JL _ ^ 

reference YS 100. X Zm f ICfl 

m Knight m 
i Selection 


This rapidly expanding firm, with offices in 
London, Bristol and in nine other West 
Country towns, has many opportunities for 
young lawyers who seek to utilize 
commercial skills in pleasant locations. 

The following vacancies are currently 

Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London. Assistant 
Soiidior, qualified for at least one year 
required for substantial civil litigation work. 

Tannton. (1) Commercial Lawyer with at 
least 18 months’ experience required to 
strengthen to Commercial Department. City 
training preferred. ^ 

(2) Non-Contentions Lawyer required for 
conveyancing work, both domestic and 
commercial. One year’s post qualification 
experience essential. 

Wellington (Somerset). A vacancy for a 
newly qualified Lawyer who seeks genera] 
experience. A willingness to undertake 
advocacy is essentiaL 

Chard. (1) A competent Litigation Solicitor 
with at least one year’s experience. 

(2) An articled Clerk to commence as soon 
as possible. 

Throughout the practice, we are now 
recruiting Articled Clerks to commence 
Articles in 1988. Applicants should have a 
minimum expectation of an Upper Second 
Class Honours Degree. 

Applications for all these posts should be 
made in the first instance to Mr A. 
Pendlebury, 6 Hammer Street, Taunton, 
Somerset, TA1 1RG, identifying the post 
applied for and with a full C.V. 


£16,011 - £17,916 

The Central Training Unit is looking for an imagina- 
tive and experienced manager and human resource 
developer to join its small team in developing 
organisational strategies for the next decade. Re- 
porting directly to Jeremy Taylor, the County 
Development & Training Officer, he/she will be re- 
quired to manage the financial and administrative 
activities of the Central Training Unit. The prime 
focus of the job will be to provide a full consultancy 
and direct training service to ail departments. The 
past holder wiH also need to develop the County's 
on-going technology training programmes and to 
take responsibility for trainer training Opportunities 
will also be available to comnbure to the County's 
supervisory and management development pro- 
grammes. and to work closely with the Central 
Personnel Division. AH applicants must possess a 
good honours degree, have l.T.D. or l.P.NL member- 
ship. and have had at least five years experience of 
developing the human resource at a senior level. We 
are looking for a resourceful and flexible individual 
and preferably a non-smoker! 

For further details and an application form 
please contact the Administration & Resources 
Division County Secretariat, Cheshire County 
Council, County Hall, Chester CHI 1SF. Tel: 
Chester 602268. Closing date: 10th October 
1986. AH applicants will be considered on the 
basis of suitability for the post, regardless of sex, 
race, marital status, religion or disability. 





£28,720 - £30,765 Per Annum 

Southern Electricity is one of the largest of twelve Area 
Electricity Boards in England and Wales, serving two and a 
quarter million customers in central Southern England. 

The current holder of the post of Solicitor to the Board is leaving 
the service of the Board in November of this year and 
applications for this appointment are invited from Admitted 
Solicitors. The successful applicant will be responsible to the 
Secretary for providing a comprehensive legal service to the 
Board and for the efficient management of the Legal Section of 
the Secretary’s Department at Head Office. 

Candidates must be capable of leading and motivating a learn of 
legal staff. The work will involve the giving of legal advice on all 
aspects of the Board’s activities, including the handling of 
conveyancing transactions, the conduct of li tiga tion in the High 
and Cou nty C ourts, the prosecution and defence of proceedings 
in the Criminal Courts and the protection of tne Boaros 
interests in private legislation. The successful applicant will alw 
be responsible for the conduct of cases before Industrial 
Tribunals, Public Local Enquiries and similar proceedings. 

Knowledge of the legislation governing the Electricity Supply 
Industry and Employment Law will be an advantage. 

Applications, on forms obtainable from Mrs P Polak (Telephone 
0628- 82 2 166, Ext: 407) to be returned to the Secretary, 
Southern Electricity House, Littlewick Green, Maidenhead, 
Berks, SL6 3QB, endorsing the envelope 30/86, by not later than 
17 October 1986. 

Southern Electricity is an Equal Opportunity Employer and all 
applicants are considered on the basis of their suitability' for the 
job. irrespective of race, creed, sex or marital status' 

southern electricity 


French Kier Limited is the divisional holding company of the 
construction interests of C.H. Beazer (Holdings! Pic operating in the 
UK and overseas from its head office at Tempsford Hall in rural 

The Company Secretary wishes to appoint a recently qualified 
Solicitor in his/her mid 20's to join the Department which provides a 
legal secretarial service ro the companies in the Division. The 
candidate wiH be expected to deal with a broad range of legal topics 
including contract, company and commercial law, property and 
some litigation. 

We offer an attractive salary, company car, and fringe benefits 
together with excellent opportunities for personal development. 

To apply please contact: Mr J.M. Stamford. Company Personnel 
Manager, French Kier Limited, PO Box 227, Tempsford Hall. Sandy. 
Bedfordshire SG19 2BD. Tel: 0767 40755 or 4011 1 . A 



£ ncgotiabfcsalatyand benefits package 

IT vnu are currently working in a fost moving 

dewdopyourtalent in the selection and 
introduction of legal pereonne). 

Afiedupto 35 .somekinaofl^gai , 
background and with asharpoiSanised mind 


theconfideneein dealing with idientsand 
candidates at all levels within the legal 

PI 0 S^^enent remuneration rackage. 
negotiable depending on age and experience, 
is available. . . 

ForhiTtherinformatiCTi ,n 

strict confidence . Mack Dmshaw. to discuss a 
bright future with Law Personnel. ^ 


Rapkfly expanding meefium stzsd Qty practice seeks 
« Residential Conveyancer of up to 3 years PQE for 

Interesting and varied workload. 


Energetic, commwciaty minded young SoOcttor re- 
quired to head trie Company department of a wefl- 
estabtehed Central London practice. Excefient 


Heavyweight Commercial Propery in a leading Cfty 
practice looking for a Safidror of up to six years 


Me&m sized City practice requires Soficitor of up 
to six years POE tor high quality Private CSaitt and 
Tax Planning workload. 


. Staff specialists to ms legal professed warttwide 
95 AHvych. London WC2B 4JF. M Of-242 1281 
[insaffxffle after office hours) 

* Meredith Scott ^ 


SoBdtor. irtnimtan 2 years admitted and City trained 
required by this respected City practice. Primarily 
ComryatB arorldoad. 


WeB estabfished City practice requires SoBctor pref- 
erably with at least 3 years admitted experience in 
this field. 

PRIVATE CLIENT To c. £20,000 

High cafibre SoBdtor, up to 3 years admitted with a 
good academic record required by this progressive 
Central London practice. 

CONVEYANCING To c. £17,000 

Recently adrrettod Soficitor required by prestigious 
medwm sized City practice to deal with Commercial 


Recognised bins practice requires recently admitted 
Soficitor to deal with Common Law biased workload. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

V P.Fk* Siren. Imdme EC4V lAA. ^ 

A flf-gj ms *r 0494 mm *skt i w 



wish to appoint a Soficitor to undertake 
Commercial Litigation including Industrial 
Property and Employment disputes. Ap- 
plicants should be admitted for at least 1 
year and possess litigation experience, 
good drafting ability, initiative and 

There is a congenial working atmosphere 
and t he salary and other benefits will be 

Please submit a detailed curriculum vitae 




278/282 HIGH HOLBORN. 




Salary Scale £5,646 - £10,167 

Applkaiian air inv«*d from Biliciiws. bar nun and tow prad- 
into vbii Utah lo pursue a career in tie Mapswnal Sen arc. 

I her-lirfirld has pnnd arrem lu iho Ml itwtnrw^y and ariyuss 
the rrak Disu-irt. bnt£>LnR emit are reowinable. 

The usual r.mdnhrtt uf urvicr apply and. where .ippinpriaie. 
nmnat and dtuipfaiicr oliincaiir?* till he juvi \ 
Miliriiiir/harrbler entrant can expect a wlar> of ni>: let, than 
UvS-B pa. 

Application fora* may be qUaintd fnen Mrs. VmH iChe'Wr- 
iiria .81,11 and thivH he returned fcy- lTth Oauier 


Clerk to the Magistrates' 

Courts Committee 

P.O. Box 11, 

The Court House. 

West Bare, " : 


$40 1AE ' l 





Electronic Systems 


On IJanuaiy 1987, ICIistomergBfburofiisDivisjoiisimoasmgic business unit The new 
ICI Chemicals and Polymers Group will have 38,000 ernployees aiKia turnover of around £3.5 
billion in products ranging foam bulk commodity chemicals to fertilisers, fibres and 
performance plastics. 

We now require a scdidtor to join the small team of lawyers which will provide a legal and 
administrative service to the research, production, commercial and support services of the 
new Grcajp. The work is varied and chaBengmg and includes sodi matters as &edrafling 
and negotiation of coronterdal and research agreements, competition law; prodncr liability 
assessment of new legislation and legal aspects of EEC and UK health and safety lane 

The personal skills for the post are enthusiasm, self-motivation and die ahffity to 
communicate at all levels of management The confidence of client businesses must be 
secured by displaying effective pait k apan o n as a member of a team a nd fl e xibility to adapt 
in a fast moving commercial environment 

The successful candidate is likely to be in his/her mid to late twenties with at least two 
years' post q ualifi c ation experience, and co m m e rcial or industrial experience would be 

We offer an attractive salary, negotiable depending upon experience, phis a range of 
benefits iroirnaffy associated with an iitternatkmalconTpaiy. Career prospecte within the new 
Group and ICI as a whole are excellent. 

Please send your c.v. to^Mr P D Henry^ Personnel Department, ICI Petrochemicals 
and Plastics Division, PO Box No 90, W3ton, Middlesbrough, Cleveland TS6 8JE. 

Tel (0642) 432127. 

We are leading suppGers of professional audio, communications and 
electronic security systems and require an experienced Contracts 
Manager aged 2545, with either a degree in law or Business Studies, 
and with at least 3 years experience in commerce or industry, 
preferably associated with electronics. 

The company is increasingly acquiring large and complex orders and 
contracts and the Contracts Manager wfll have a wide brief, including 
taking an important rote in negotiating trading and commerdai 
agreements, as well as drafting associated documentation. 


Merchant Banking 

.. /- n i;.n London hased nuenuiional imr J 

and current!' eniplqjs over 2,(XX) fx-opli ■ 

inst iiu nuns 

an effective negotiator then this wiD prove to be an attractive career 

The salary and benefits package which we offer reflects the 
imp o r t an ce of this appointment and indudes %> days’ annual holiday, 
staff restaurant, discount on Phffips products, and amtributory pension 
scheme. Assistance with costs for relocation is available. 

Please apply to Mrs J A Macnab, Personnel Manager, 

Philips C ommunicati ons & Security limited, 

Cromwell Road, Cambridge CB1 3HE. Teb (0223) 245191 

We seek a -eeenlK qualified sol, e, .or. probabl) aged he.«een 2, 
«ho has had someesperienee of company ommcaul 
S3 financial law with a subaannal. preterablv On. 

The successful applicant will join .wo lawyers ol similar 
background in our mccmly-esiablished Group Legal 
Depitmen., which deals with a wide range ol legal nutter 
TheDepartment is responsible for draltingand res ism ol 
documentation and ads ice to all business areas, including the 
Securities and Asset Management companies, as well .is to the 
Groups central management and regulator) compliance 

The attractive remuneration package offered " ill include it 
preferential mortgage fecilit}. 

Please write giving lull details of career to date to> 

Sharon Harris Af ORGAN 

Morgan Grenfell Group pic 

phiuw! Communications 
/g7\ & Security 


Morgan GrenteU Group pic ^TVTTTCT ¥ 

23 Great Winchester Street ( ¥ KM\ lrfcLL 

London EC2P 2AX 




with Dumford Ford in the South East 

Vte are rapidly expanding our practice m the South 
East of England, so much so that we are in the very 
enviable portion of seeking the sendees of both newly 
qualified solicitors and experienced solicitors or 
experienced legal executives with some legal 

The positions to be taken up in our branches cover 

Conveyancing in Eastbourne, Haiteham, Hastings and 
Ashford. Civil and Matrimonial in Eastbourne. The sam 

Ashford, Civil and Matrimonial in Eastbourne. The same 
again in Ashford with a little additional crime. Handling 
Probate, Wills and Trusts for Private Clients in Hastings. 

We also require part-time/flexi-time solicitors to 
provide technical back-up on current cases to various 
departments. A Client Relations Supervisor (rndiKfing 
quality control and professional conduct) to be based in 
Eastbourne or Hastings and 2 Costs draftspersons based 
in either Hastings, Eastbourne or London. 

Finally we have a position which alternates between 
the Costa Blanca and East Sussex and is ideally suited 
for a solicitor with a background of non-corrtentious 
subjects who would enjoy spendng part of his or her 
professional life in the sun. No previous knowledge of 
international law is required though a working 
understanding of Spanish is desirable. 

If you are interested in any of these positions please 
either telephone or write to Mrs. Mary Stacey, Staff Control 
Department, Dumford Ford, 51 Havelock Road, Hastfogs, 
East Sussex TN34 1 BE. 

Telephone no: Hastings (0424) 442442. 





We are seeking young lawyers, with a 
corporate and finance background to 
work in our Company and 
Commercial Department on a wide 
variety of commercial and finance 
matters. The work is demanding and 
the salary and benefits are excellent. 
For the right candidates prospects in 
this growing City law firm are very 

Please write with full curriculum 
vitae to - 

Robert Elliott, 

Wilde Sapte, 
Queensbridge House, 

60 Upper Thames Street, 
London EC4V 3BD. 



VOy I llyl Conveyancing • litigation 

%J ) rnjirJ Private Ctierts - Acco untan t s 

JX Be Jl 1 1 Town & Country Planning 

A\ ^ Business & Corporate 

¥) Solicitors gssssu 



Construction Plant-hire Association 

Rarraner. nUrilnr. nr taw gradual? wy ta d. wiUj toon d kaowi- 
fdisr of legal principle* aad demnaatrable ability lo apply them in 

practice. U. aiviA id the employment asd legal a/lairs work of the 
Amnatioa.' Clund cnaumioicatimi and adminisUiliv? skills and 
ftnibiltly nettled: e xp erience of employment taw. bcabJi and 
aaftty. mad traffic fcutatalicB and advisory work, would be 

Htawanl offices near Vktoria Stalinis amsO {riendiy ataffi BUPA. 
PHL and nun-cmtirilttocy Pension scheme sound prospects in 
MKoemful trade mssicislinn/ w pl uy tr s org an isati rar . salary by at- 
mutation, with regular reviews. 

Write in confidence for application form and inn—l re- 
Port l«- The Director, Construction Plant-hire 
A—ocUUon, 28 Bedeoton Street, London SWLW 9PY. 


Coward Chance are a 60 partner firm of solicitors with 
modem offices in the City of London. They wish to engage a 
qualified librarian to assist the present librarian in the opera- 
tion and development of their library. There is a supporting 
team of three other librarians. 

In addition to serving the needs of the London Office the 
librarians are also responsible for providing material requested 
by the firm s overseas offices in Brussels, the Middle East, 
Singapore and Hong Kong. Some experience with legal 
materials would be an advantage. 

In the first instance, please write, enclosing a comprehensive 
C.V- to Miss V. Shone. Coward Chance, Royex House, 
Alderm anbury Square., London EC2V7LD. 





We are looking for at least two able graduate lawyers to assist in the 
development and expansion of our Manchester City Centre office. 

One candidate will ideally have one or two y*»ra post qualification experience 

of general and preferably commercial work. He/she wrU have the onmTr yfc frd 
summit of the firm’s partners but wfll also be expected to work indeoendentlv 

suraiort of the firm’s partners but w31 also be expected to work independently 
ana take on responsibility. 

Another vacancy arises for one or more graduate solicitors with several years 
post qualification experience including corporate and commercial law and 
perhaps with some existing personal connection. 

Both positions will afford real opportunities to the right people, career 
prospects will be excellent and salaries will be attractive arm negotiable. 
Apply in confidence with C.V. to: 




quoting ref. GJ/GDJ 




Doe to continuing expansion we wish to recruit for our 

Commercial Property Department 


You should be more than five years qualified and must have wide experience of all 
aspects of major commercial property work preferably in a City. West End or 
substantial provincial practice. An early and meaningful equity partnership will be 
offered (o the right applicant, who can look forward to becoming an integral part of 
I he firm's future. 


You should be more than two years qualified with a commercial property back- 
ground since admission. A substantia] salary will be offered and there are good 
prospects for partnership. 


You must have relevant experience during Articles and know your way round a 
commcreial lease. A substantial salary will be offered according to experience: 

Please wife with your career details to: 

The Partnership Secretary, Halliwell Landau, 
Barnett House, 53 Fountain Street 
Manchester. M2 2AN. 




£20,000 p.a. for suitable applicant 

Experienced solicitor sought to head Litigation team at our 
busy Essex Office (close to M25 and Dartfdrd Tunnel). All 
aspects of litigation will come within the Applicant's control, 
with the emphasis upon Commercial, Civil and Criminal 

Advocacy skills essential. 

Apply to S E Rogers - 01 594 5469 daytime, 
and 0245 421304 evenings, or in writing to 
our Barking Office at Radial House, 3/5 Ripple Road, 
Barking, Essex, IG11 7NG 

A /> 

Lawyers for Banking 


International Finance 


We need energetic and able Lawyers to join our 
large practice in the fields of Banking and 
International Finance. 

Relevant experience is desirable but not essential 
and consideration will be given to recently 
qualified Lawyers. 

Excellent salary, benefits and prospects will be 
offered to men and women of high ability. 

If you are interested please let us know by 
sending a full curriculum vitae to: 


to £40, 

; "t "z£. ' «NMB 

\ : ... »' 

•• j -r.sdvn 

Mrs Alizoun Dickinson, 
Linklaters & Paines, 
Barrington House, 
59/67 Gresham Street, 
London EC2V7JA. 

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Sinclair Roche & Temperiey is a 27 partner law firm with offices 
in the City, Hong Kong and Singapore. 

The firm’s aircraft and shipping finance departments undertake 
a wide range of often complex transactions for its domestic and 
international client financial institutions, airlines and shipowners. 
This is a challenging area and the firm seeks additional lawyers 
of one to four year’s qualification to participate in this work. 

The successful candidates will be highly motivated and 
prepared to involve themselves in the structuring and 
documentation of financial transactions and acquisitions with 
the minimum of supervision. 

Rewards and prospects are excellent for the right candidates. 
Please write in the first instance with full C.V. to: 

J. Ritchie, Esq., 

Sinclair Roche & Temperiey, 

Stone House, 

128-140 Bishopsgate, 

London EC2M 4JR 

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torocmft l yo^1SdtS , rS<iSi^ andtilSc Oly cBent ^ teadln S 

tojoin ttxls rapicily expandina Inflation S 1 vamq sota ? toirs 10 

department. Covering a range of pubtic and private to a 900(1 «adanic 

rompany matters, the posts wlB suit bright candidates Lorefcnfi™ experience with a 

from a similar enufronment seeking early responsibility undaSieT’,£SS^ mus * dononstratc the ability to 
urtth excellent prospects and remuneration. ^ ^ ^ ^ 


Two young, recently qualified Chartered oma^o.UUU 

— — ~ . -” 11 w me legal profession who will h o ream, ropocams. 

are required by one of the major IntemaironaUrms ^ lawyers, should hawoWgcung 

TTre^atedindiutdiials wtU few h,Ier ^ OuS!| 

i — — * — • — 






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Laytons— Bristol 



We are a successful 23 partner Finn 
with 10 offices in the United Kingdom. 
Our Bristol Office continues to expand 
and we seek to recruit a solicitor to 
undertake a wide range of commercial 
property matters. The work is demanding 
and requires a sound academic 
background and relevant 

This is an exciting 

opportunity for an T T~ 

ambitious solicitor of §( I I 

partnership calibre willing to make a key 
contribution to die development of the 
Property Department of the Bristol 

The working environment is highly 
attractive and commercially orientated. 

Career prospects are excellent. 

Please apply with foil C-V. 
--?Sw quoting JHA36 to; John 

Hamihoo, 51/53 High Street, 
J GuildfbwJ, Surrey GUl 3 DkL 

\l TeL 0483 574814. 

John Hamilton Associates 
Management Si Recruitment Consultants 

5s.«S22^5 ^ 



requited by leading South Hampshire prac- 
tice with 9 offices. The successful applicant 
will be a specialist in domestic conveyancing; 
able to work without supervision; ran a 
branch office dedicated to domestic convey- 
ancing; and become part of the practice’s 
domestic conveyancing team. He must have 
the energy and enthusiasm to develop and 
expand this area of our practice. We offer a 
dedicated professional structure within a 
country practice, where the benefits of the 
Hamhfa*. Downs and New Forest with their 
various amenities are available for relax- 
ation. Salary will not be an obstacle to the 
right applicant. The position carries with it 
considerable responsibility and partner ship 
prospects. Telephone Michael Wilks, Man- 
aging Partner, Bratton & Co. 0829 236171. 


firm require Conveyancers and 
Conveyancing Department for their 
fast expanding Sidcup office. Salary according to 
age ana experience. Please telephone Ref PJS for 
further details on 01-302 6131 or apply in writing 

Wade Stevens A Co 
9/11 High Street 

I ¥pcc 

I Commercial Lawyer 

~ I 

ver I 

F inan cial Services Sector 

Our client is a small to medium sized 
company involved mainly in die 
leasing and hiring of computer 
systems and other high technology 

Expansion has generated a new 
position based in central London for 
a lawyer with at least 2 years* 
commercial experience, preferably 
including contract work in die high 
technology field. 

The individual will be involved in 
negotiating and drafting a 
variety of contracts and 

variety of con: 

London Wmdsc 

to £22,000 + Car 

advising generally on the legal 
aspects of the company’s activities. 
The career potential includes the 
opportunity of moving into a 
commercial role with the company, 
which has an impressive growth 
record and exciting plans for the future. 

Please write enclosing a c.v. to 
Laurence Simons, Legal Division, 
Michael Page Partnership, 

39-41 Parker Street, 

London WC2B5LH.AU 

applications will be treated 
in die strictest confidence. 

Michael ftgePWtnership 

International Recruitment Consultants 

London Windsor Bristol Birmingham Nottingham Manchester Leeds Glasgow & Wbrldwide 
A mrmber oj .'\ddison Consultancy G mitp FLC 

' " '"MWi 


"' lil ' n ‘ !i Nuance 




to £40,000p.a. + Benefits 

My clients are a pre-eminent legal practice centrally 
located in a leading commercial city in the North of 
England. The Company Commercial Department, which is 
one of the most dynamic teams of lawyers outside London, 
comprises a total of 14 partners and assistants. The firm has 
an enviable reputation nationally and there is an increasing 
demand for the very high quality advice they provide. 

They are seeking an ambitious and experienced young 
solicitor to undertake a significant role in the development 
of the Department. The work involves a wide range of 
stimulating and complex matters for many public and 
substantial private companies, including numerous 
financial institutions. 

The successful candidate will be a person of 
partnership calibre in a position of considerable 
responsibility with a good City firm or a comparable 
provincial practice. 

If you are interested in this appointment and consider 
that you have the commercial acumen and expertise for this 
unique career opportunity please apply, quoting JH/ 125, to:— 

John Hamilton, 51-53 High Street, Guildford, 

Surrey GUI 3DY. Tel: Guildford (0483) 574814. 

John Hamilton Associates 

Managem ent & Recruitment Consultants 

Roval College of Nursing 


sentaubnto the organisations 

on mailers arising from their employment as 


A vacancy now occurs for a 
established team. The 

concerned with criminal, civil «nd mdusmaiww 
and candidates should have at feast three years 
relevant post admission experience. 

The post is.tescd in cmral VfgK: “fiSK 

Weighting allowance and dwte is » “ n,ribu,ory 
pension scheme. 

for return of forms Friday 10th October. 

The RC\ uTiir/r dhmflMV* »**«t aU tH " aA 

articled clerk 

w*haw an unexpected “W**** 1 bw>- 

dam u apply to* rv to: 

Please wdte * rth ““ cv - 
Mrs D R Bnmea. 




£8816 M--SOT XX mckBiM 
Wo hong within the Legal and 
Estates Section of the Gon- 
cfl. Yow tidies wil involve 
conv^iandng and wodc relat- 
ing to miscellaneous trans- 
actions associated wah prop- 
erty and licenses for use of 
tiflti, you nay also wdertafce 
wort at an appropriate level 
on any matter referred to the 

App&rants should preferably 
hold or be studying for the 
tetrads of legal ExscuSkbs 
(A ssociate) and have a mini- 
mum of eighteen months re- 
lated experience. 

Housing and Relocation ex- 
penses may be available n 
approved cases. 

Please quote reference: 
AL11/T. Closing date: 
17 October i9f». 
Application form from Per- 

sum 1 Settee (Rscnn- 
mentj, Basfttai Councfl, 
Council Offices. Fodder- 
wick. Bssfldoa, Essex. 
Bosfldae 294216 (mem 

The Council welcomes appli- 
cations regardless of race, 
sex. mantel states or dis- 



Nationally. 27.000 magistrates deal with 98% of criminal 
ra ses, advised aid to a large extent trained by die 300 
Justices' Clerks and their staff. In the Hillingdon Area the 
120 magistrates, their Clerk and his staff administer 
justice on behalf of those who reside or woridn, or travel 
through, a large London Borough. 

Opportunities exist at UXBRIDGE MAGISTRATES' COURT 
for able, ambitious lawyers to be court clerks with a view 
to career progression on the road to an appointment as a 
Justices' Clark. Applications are invited from existing 
court clerks who wish to broaden their experience: from 
defence or prosecution advocates who wish to play a 
more central role in the administration of fcstice and 
from recently qualified lawyers wishing to embark upon a 
satisfying career where the top posts achieve salaries of 
area £30.000 pa. 

Salaries for currant vacancies, which m inter review 
and indude London Weighting, start in the region of 
£9,500 for the newly qualified and £12,000 for those 
with relevant experience. Relocation expenses are 

Telephone the Justices' Clerk or his Deputy on 0895 
30771 for further particulars and an application form. 



Shipping Lawyers 

Prefer to work harder? 

A more varied caseload? 

My client has just the answer. It is one of the largest P & I Clubs whose 
claims specialists work in small informal teams handling a challenging 
array of problems. It is a gregarious environment which encourages 
initiative and practical thinking. There is a stimulating amount of 
client contact and you would need to think on your feet to offer advice 
in a credible, prompt and sympathetic manner. 

You will be aged 28-32, a graduate and qualified. Personality and 
commercial commonsense are vital since you must react positively to 
the unexpected while balancing the intellectual and administrative 
demands of an important caseload. If you are a linguist, bravo! 

Write to me in the strictest confidence: Quoting reference 2158, 
Mrs. Indira Brown, Bemdtson International, 6 Westminster Palace 
Gardens, Artillery Row, London SW1P 1RL or if you would like to 
discuss this opportunity, phone me on 01-222 5555, or on 01-480 6666 
between 830 p.m. and 930 pjn. 


Experienced Solicitors 

At Rcwe & Maw we have a very personal approach 
to our dients needs.This has led to a growth 
and broadening of our dient portfolio and a 
move mto prestigious; modem offices on the Crty 
We are creating within our Company and 
Commercial department a number of small 
partner-led groups to provide the full range of 
legal services to our corporate dients and a 
congenial working environment for our staff. 

Two vacancies haw now arisen within the 

One is for a sofititor of at feast two years 
qualification who has practical experience in 

general corporate finance work, induding 
acquisition and disposals. This position offers a 
varied work load, responsibility and opportunity. 
The other is for a lawyer tq join a small team 
specialising in thefinandai services offered by 
pension schemes, unit trusts and insurance 
companies. This position involves work at a high 
level with our dients. 

Terms and conditions are those you expect from 
a progressive firm. 

To arrange an early discussion, please write with 
a CV to Graham Tumec Rowe & Maw 
20 Black Friars Lane, London EC4V 6HD. 

Rowe & Maw 

Chartered Secretary 

North Kent - near M25 

For a qLXrted group fn the food manufacturing industry with an impressive growth 

record, and plans for axittaaig development 

Reporting to the Group Secretary, you wtt cower insurance. pensionfc, property and 
meetings, and advise on a wide range of lege! matters. Your particular contribution 
win be drafting and Inte r pretati on of documents connected with these areas, casing 
for a good understaneffng of the law and its app&cation. 

Candfctet e s- aged up to SO- should have at least 5 years a ppropr ia te experience 
and be quafified AOS. 

Salary te negotiable around £16.000. phis usual b e nefit s a nd profit share. 

Please write - in confidence- to Robin Fletcher reh A23065. HAY-M8L Chartered 
Secretary, 52 Grostrenor Gardens. London SW1W0AW. 




e. £25,000 + car 

Experienced commercial lawyer from industry 
or private practice to Join international hi-tech 
company in central London. Work includes 
corporate law, intellectual property, EEC law, 
computer work, etc. Salary negotiable. (Rec 

74 Long Lane. London ECl.Tet (01) 606 9371 



£12897 - £16155 

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for major international oil company 
Minimum 5 years with City firm, bank 
or in industry/commerca A wide variety 
of challenging work. Recent experience of 
capital markets work required 
SALARY commensurate with the BIG BANG 

For this position and other 
vacancies in many locations 

ToKipliont; 02 73 202323 

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AU riw ri ff ed advertisements 
can be accepted by tele phone 
(except Announcement!^ The 
deadlin e is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
to publication lie SiJOpm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
you wish to send an advertise- 
ment m writing please indude 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. if you have any 
queries or probkms relating to 
your advertisement once it has 
appeared, pteax contact our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 



ssunHim fw. Cnees. La mk. 
All thcatrr and warts. 

Til. 8214610/828-0490. 

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CATS, CMOS, Lrt Mrt. AH the- 
atre awl sport. T« 459 1765. 

Alt motor rredtl <OV 

PURE silk, hand Bianca Kashmir 
run Vx 2 ■ valued al £ 600 . sett 
tor MOO 579-2889 alter Tam. 
YORK nAGSVONES for pallosA 
drlv rwavs. Liquidation sale. Trt 
061 225 0881/061 251 6780. 

I iii wl lor Child! eit. Send sae lor 
\HM-.fdi(1 hrortiutr. 6 Drstanv 
pkts nl 6. 850 Cl .70 CtoCII 
dot. DMrr. to Id AMngdon 
Rood. WB 6AT. Personal Shop- 
petv Men Fn 9 504 so 
71 today Lair and ranraluLl 
Ikins lim Shmi. Dad. Juslin 
and Lev Amman* 

ALL ImuwMU men* tsuontor 
qiMUiyi for Mr al Flat 1, B7 
ladown Canton*. London SWJ 
h rlsiirrn 10 OO am and 6.00 pm 
fnAir Ird Oeteeer Tel: 930 



FOR A RCCULAIt partAune 
Home deanmq Sen ice ny rell 
ante dally nripi rrnual arras - 
don't delay another day phone 
Ando Conlinenul iEMP. ACV I 
on Ol 750 8122 now i24 HRS). 
CAPITAL CV* peeoarr htoh quail 
ty rurrtruliHn Vi laps. 01-607 

FKTEmSMP. Love or WJrTlagp 
All ayes, arras. Dahllnr, Dept 
■QtOi 25 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don W8. Tel: Ol 958 lOll. 
CHUNK CVS Ltd prolraMmal 
nimniium viur document*. 
DnUrih. 01 -631 3588 
out now before ine festive sn- 
son al 87 tied soedaUsed 
nursing home for addictive Os- 
eaee vi in area of outstanding 

natural beauty. Stalled to 
nurses, counsellors, b*ychoto 
gf*l. physioUieraptoi and 

rrotfotii roedkai officer. For II- 
limraird prospectus con lad the 
director. Ctouds House. East 
Knovto. wins SP3 «K or Irtc- 

phonc 0T4785 686. 

SELECT FWKHDS. Exclusive In- 
rradurlloRS for Ihe unanachrd. 
58 Maddox Street. London Wl. 
Trlepnone 01443 99-57 
SELECT FRIENDS. Exclusive in- 
nod urt Ions lor the- unallacttcd. 
58 Maddox Street. London wi. 
Telephone 01493 9937 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian 
and all painted furniture. Mr 
Ashton 01 947 6946 667469 
Gamut Lone. Eartsflrtd. Swj7. 

FMuhiw-s. snimata. He., warn- 
ed Ol 883 0024. 



■ROADWOOO Grand. Appro xl 
malrty lOO years oM. Iron 
iramr. Bari In constant IW*e- 

and In excrtlenl condition. 
Cl .500 or very near offer. Trl 

0227 738SS2 or 720816 

GRAND PIANO Broad wood- on. 
very good condition. £ 1-900 
Tel-01 876 4108 Eiemms 

SI U N WAT Piano: 6-2 Grand. 
Rosewood. Beauttlul ton e. 
£4.2flOTrt:Nortti**«d 27234. 


CONVEYANCING by lully quall- 
fted Soliniors £180 + VAT and 
siandard dsburwmenU ring 

0244 319598. 

BECHSTED6 6 6' no: 38046. In 
superb rondllton. Offers around 
£ 1.96a Further rteuubTrt: 
■02991 31247 or 106041 

8 1 0-180.1 Business hni 
2 BEAUTIFUL Becbsiem Grands, 
musicians Inslniroents. good 
price lor quick saw 686 4981. 
STONWAT O Grand. Rosewood 
no- 162 1 70 Interior wbuUI 
I96S. £4.00a Tel =733-9066. 



EZ5 per or up to paid lor stiver 
arucles. C260 per ox for gold. 

Mr Hart 01-960 8050 or Write 
361 Harrow Road. London. 
W9. All England covered. 


LONDON /U>» Anorte* Exchange. 
My luxury one bedroom aport- 
mcm Central London (and 
jaguarTi tor apartment or 
house in L.A. preferably Holly- 
wood Hills for 612 months 
rommendng Nov /Dec 86. 
Phone or write T. Robertson, 
cracks 90 Ltd. 66/ee George 
SI. London W1H ERG. 01 936. 

mtimaie replica furniture spe- 
culnu. One of Englands urge* 
drtoUyvof 17th and 18th centu- 
ry period style fumUurr 
Nentebed. near Henley on 
Thames >04911 641115. 

Boumemoulh >Q202> 293080. 
Topsnam >039287) 7443. 

Berkeley. Ota. >0463) 810903. 

ALL household effects tsunerior 
quality > lor sale al Flat 1. 87 
Cadogan Garden*. London SW3 
between lOOOim and 6 OO pm 
Friday 3rd October. Tel: 830 

FINEST quality wool carpets. Al 
Iradc prim and under, also 
available toffs extra. Large 
room sin- rtrmuiu* under half 
normal price. Chancery Carpets 
Ot 406 0453 

SEATFI MDOtS. Best tickets for 
all void raul events. Our clients 
include most malar companies. 
Credit cards accepted. 01-828 

. 1678 

THE TIMES 179S-190A. Other 
t tiles avail. Hand bound ready 
Cor presentation also 

-Sundays*-. £12.50 Rrmember 
When Ol -688 6323 


1ECHETJUOES for ArctiUecu 6 
Dmtgnrra. permanent A tempo- 
rary pod lions. AMSA SprialM 
Per. dans. Ol 734 0632 


TRANSLATOR required for En- 
glish/ Canioneese based in 
London Total confidentiality 
required for bretnna 6 person- 
al rorrespondance. High rain, 
paid for good quality work. Re- 
ply lo BOX 887 . 



An eneVent qunUy Frandi ito- 
aqnv coat ot fries! tamale 
start Sm 10. £6.000 mi ac- 
cept £3.000 


An enaptioraBy beautiful 18 
ent gold necklace vttti Mo 

lain sapphires surrounded by 
Esmonds. E4J2DO. 

Please cal 935 7622 


Evening Tan SUts 
Swplw to him 
For sale (ram £30 

22 Charing Cross Rd 
London WC2 
Nr Leicester Sqtubo 
OHM 2310 


Together we can beat it 

We fund over one third of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure ol" cancer in 
the UK. 

Help us by sending a dona- 
tion or make a legacy to: 


Campaign tm- 

2 Carliun Honor Term r. 
(D^nTTiMfl). Lnnd>.n S» lY MR 



In prestigious West End bro- 
kerage for determined self- 
motivated, over 25 year 
olds, who require substantial 
remuneration and excel lent 

CaB Ms Rayburn on 

01-493 3199 




OLIUHH in London Ownny 
hrtqM romforiabfr 2 tirdroom 
Cholera flat snanaWo iwttttay 
mv oct/Nov low season. Pnec 
from CiBOpw Trt 0438 
8751 t« 


LITTLE VDOCI MOd tafhtobrd 
brt&M I DM fgl LN 
£146 pw rui.TriOI 7S7 6181- 



Kmuawon. CW T.V. 24 hr Sw 
Telex, coiungtiam AnartmeM*. 
Ot 373 6506. 

rmiral London Irorn B3DS ipw- 
Rusg Town Use Art* 373 3433 
SJKEK. Exriuvive sued rial, new 
fum. vtijjrrti rr ftflf.CH. w wher. 
rnatd- 8mth+ 373 0763. 

r on lamed furnKhed tut on tow- 
er ground. Double bedroom. 
Ihinq room, kitchen A baui- 
room. Tel. CH- 1 _ W9T 
prdctTCd. CiaOpwTH.Ol 589 


■UUMPSTEaD Luxury antique 
furnnhed nai. larw* louone. dln- 
inq area 1 dHC ora. 1 
study /angle 0«t. Cwmiry 
kiK-nen. Minimu m Irt.l year.. 
£29fipw. Ol 794 2789. 

SURREY rfbek* tube 6 imihum. 
M/F. 20 25 lo chare ratnfort- 
aMe modem natwiui one other. 
O/R Share lacHiae*. £200 
prm. plus MU*. Phone- 01-634 
1352 idayi or 01-257 i4» 

HNVSTVD- Ck>ve to WOW * 
transport. WHI turn A dec iml 

Spacious living rm. Ige dW 
bodrm. kit A balhrm Gas ch. 
Colour Iv Soft diploma* or 
siinuiar. £120 pw. 431 3121 nr> 


prof. 25 Phis, n/v o/r. CH. £50 
pw CMl Trt 01 837 5136 Or 01 
299 3303 alter 6pm. 

Sunny ilaL 2 double beds. 1 
bain. rti. mod. W- tuning room 
4 torpt Company W. CHS 
u w. Trt . 458 0211 (Office) I 
468 0694 lev Mi 

sws 2 people 19 share room bi 
large flal £35 per week. BUN 
extra, next fa earls court lube. 
373 0109. after 6 pm. 

CLAFHAM C OMM ON. 2nd prof 
frmalr IN/Sl lo share iul 
■O/R) 5 mins T ube. All mod 
eons. £170 pem lexrtl. 

Tel 673SAS0. Alter &30pm. 
CLAFHAM Lovely Ded/Ut rm in 
lux house. Own shower rm. UL 
dishwasher, nthrowave. £4S 
pw. Returnable depoNL 01-408 
(K>ei I Day) 228 4204 (Eves) 
CLAFHAM Common Battersea. 
Share etraant vkriorlan house. 
CH. garden, housekeeper- prot 
only. £46 kn«r. £70 for very 
large double. Tel Ol 225 7262. 
BLACKHCATH M3. 17 ratijs 
Charing X. Prof person o/r. aft 
share bouse, all mod cons. 
£126 pern. 01-305 1139 Eve* 
FLATMATES Selective Snaring. 
Wed rslab mirmlurtorywrv^r 
PtS>e lei lor apnUpi-569 5491. 
315 Brompton Road. SW3 
■SUNCTON. House._share._Fe- 
male prof ora 4. N/8. ndd 2ff*- 

CH. £185 pcm. all Inc. Tol: Ol- 
226 -*552. 

fix HEM, nr lube. Own room bi 
lux flat with garden. 1 male 
grad. £86 P-w. Tel: 43843506 
idaytl Curia Oomegy*. 
WANTED room in oharra 
house/flat for prof ra/t r quote. 
£36 pw max each- Tel 0908 

CITY Pled A Terre. Large O ven 
Anne House ui SniutfKtdLj CTO 
per weetc. Tel: Ol 247 4201. 
CLAFHAM prof m/f to snare flat 
o/r. £36 pw excl Mlb. 622 
7680 after 6.00 pm 
Ip pleasant house with gdn Nr 
lube. £185 pcm. Ol 736 5931 
WUMRflTY WLL NWI prof m/l 
lo share House, o/r £30 pw 
met 722 4689 alter 6.30 pm. 
SWI7 Prof male 26+ own room 
In house. Cl 60 pcm exd. 283 
7927 until 8.00 pm. 

landumds/owmers. ir you 
have a quality property to let 
rtfi us about IL We offer a pro- 
fcHtonal & reliable service. 
Quranhi Constantine 01-244 

1 ' - bed flal overlooking the rtc- 
lurraqnr Counfield Gdn* wmr a 
Ige (- shaped rewp/dtaef wlUi 

*l original features. Compact 
filled kil. attractive guesl rm. 
balh A WC Co lrt. £175 pw. 
244 7353 

MARSMAM ST SW1. ExceoHon- 
jiiy auracthe flat newly dec A 

runt lo a very IMi s 
GMie westmtasler/a James -s. 
Dble bedrm. huge renp/dlnlng 
rm with bakony. fT ku wm ail 
appliances. 24 nr mnnaae. Co 
ITL £180 pw. 244 7363. 

Ml - Nice. ugM furnished gar- 
den flal • oil Brook Orem. 
■ummmnHlL Convenlenl for 
Airport & Centre. DM Bedroom. 
KUrhen/DUMno roam. SUB no 

room with 2 sofa bnte. CH. Nice 
person to dean. CISOpw Ring 
Chancellor 01602 2664. 
hoc (lat/house: UP lo £800pw. 
Lvual Tees rrq PWUto* Kay 6 
Lewis. Sooth or the Park. Chet- 
sea office. 01-352 Sill or 
North of the Park. Regent's 
Park office. 01-686 9882. 
CUPRAM COMMON. Spacious « 
ML 2 bath house m pretty 
street off common. (Smartly 
decorated with an mod com 
6toi 6 mrerr at £45 pw each 
■ E228 pwi. Buchanans- 361 

CRAMLEY coats SW7. Superb 
saadoto studio decorated to 
htqh standard. Fully titled 
kite heo with an machines, luxu- 
ry Bathroom with shower. 
Long/ Short let. £200 pw. 
HOLMANS: 370 6781. 
FULHAM SWtL An exceptional 
house in impeccable dec order 
throughout. 5 beds. 2 baths + 
shower, huge creep. IT Iul utHi 
ly rm. conservatory h gdn. 
Avail long CO Ml. £300 pw. 244 


ALWAYS an tnMmilng. con- 
stantly changing selection at 
lurnbhed flats * houses at rents 

from E 1 O 0 PW-JD 6 . 600 PW (SIO. 
Benham A Reeves. Keustnrton 
6 Central London 938 3622 . 
FULHAM. Brand new luxury 
town house close Kino* Rd. 2/3 
beds. 1/2 rereps. 2 baths. S W. 
facing balcony, gara ge and gar- 
den. Long co tel. £275 pw. 
Bucfiaiunec 361 7767 . 
tSUMGTON. Owner's period spa- 
cious use nr rube. 3/4 dble beds. 
2 recaps, superb studio with 
lovely views, ige thing area. 
CH. TV. S/faclng ado. age. 
£260 pw 0680 712806 . 
PUTNEY SW1S. A stunning town 
house on 3 floors In Impeccable 
dec order 3/4 beds. 2 MM. 1/2 
creeps. OOP- Beautifully main- 
tained Irani & back gdm Pref. 
long ro let £226 pw. 244 7353 . 
ST. 5 TE F IMN S ODMS W2. At- 
tractive 3rd floor iwuti liny 
double bed Ral. Good sue recep- 
tion. fully (Wed kitchen. 
Long/short leL £175 neg pw. 
HOLMANS- 370 6781 . 

name Immaculate spacious 3 
Bedrm flat offering lounge, tit- 
led kit. Diner. Col TV. Gas CH. 
Avail Now £186pw. 2668040 . 
HARLEY SI Wl targe serviced 
bed sit room. Prof person. Refs 
£290 pm tor. 936 0292 


SW19 SOtmVTELDS. Smoots 
irtf con 1 bed gdn flaL 
COfiOpcm. Trl: 789 9006. 

SW10 attractive corner hse. 3 
beds. 2 recep. Ittwd ML bath, 
roof [err. £290pw Ol 361 0016 

WL Modern penlhouae mala 2 
beds Fttzroy SL Ckne warren 
St tube. £200 pw. 388 3793. 

WJtEN Luxury unf flal 4/6 Beds. 
2 Recep*. 2 Baths. Long ml 
£ 366pw. 937 4999 CTJ. 

Wl (urn mews flal for one per- 
son. Hying rm. bedroom. edL 
£l05ow. Ol 602 7701 . 

Contact Richard or Mirk. Davis 
WooHe A CO 402 7381. 

studio In heart of Chrtseg Dec 
A turn lo very high standard. 
Min 3 ralta. £120 pw. 244 

Quraishi 1 

, Constantine 

ST JOHNS WOOS Superb 3 Bed 
flat in p.b Mock. Spac Recep. K. 
2 Baths. £480pw. Allen Bales & 
Co 499 1666. 



Sekcase of smpo. i i 2 bed nm. 
ejCfWnnaDy wall torasMd. modem 
8 tndftma stytss Uscolgutas. 

pad. smmtp POOL e ravda 
MV on rm pataagsmoL I 

U Im patananck Hot 

itZO pw. B On bn 

KifagtoB Office 

0VS&7 7Z44 




Leu lug A Management 

W- 351 7767 

12 marom strut, 

Mare are pleased to annum 
(tie opemg ot Hcfttotis tatare 
w on otlo a selection trfluuy 
Stotoo. 1. 2 Bed apartmants 
sconced B days p*. 24 ItolF 

•1-4S3 0887/409 2373 


CUPHMI SWll Snort A bod house rim to CJaptem south hdx. 
Inra/dmn rm, 2 Into. M aU mattines. Gas CH. tt80p.w. 
BASHES SWll AtodUm datoriv] house tang Common Dec and 

hsti to hajh standard. 2 oncois receps. W/bfast rm. ril marines. 4 
bed. 2 Into. Gas CH. age. £375 p.w. Inc gardener. 

KPKSTDM wen dec and him 3 bed house, rim to nver. Lame lounge, 
dicing rm. me finad kt gge. Close Suwon station. £750 pjn. me 

MARUE ARCH Wl spacious 3 bed flat on 2 towels, lounge/direra rm. 

MARKE ARCH Wl spacious 3 bed flat on 2 lewis, lain 
2 batos. tot all marines. A ratable aid June B7. Fanil 
P-w. neg. 

01 949 2482 



To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 


larii-i Tempi £620 ph. 
permanent* up lo £10.600. 29. 
Maddox SL. London Wl. Ol 
493 0045. 



HAMPSTEAD NW3 Efeuani fur- 
nnnnt Hat ui mldentlal rirert. 
1 bedroom * nving roam. Mb 
equipped UKtien. bathroom, 
full CH, ample vtrrrt paridag. 
SuuaMe for one pmon. £130 
pw Tel 794 4960 

to Europe. tSA * BWM 
item Dtptomjr Traiet 01-730 

(ui tuuoe in pretty leafy mew*. 
3 bedv iB *■ recep. If WL utfUtV 
rra. hath, shower. £375 p.w. 
Ptnac tontact Surannc Con- 
way al saundera of Ketoingmi 
On Ol 581-3023 

HOT Turkey holiday* (ram £176. 

l or 2 trio at beach Midi 
and/or yarht Ol 326 1005- Ol 
737 38bl >24 tirw 

Huge Qart wHk Sunwona 

Travel. >01727) 26097 


MAIM Vole Mcrwt) house. Lux 
fum. Dotdiie le i e rt l w L 1 flaw 
mp odnn. 2 tingte. ftath/w.c. 
Fully rmed mi. Large roof mt- 
rare. New decor ihroughouL 
Gusrh/hw. T.V. Co. let. £250 
p.w. Ol 624 8289 

AVAILABLE now. 6 mtn» Soane 
Gaiupr. 2nd 4 3rd floor fun 
man 1 dbl bod rnt.ttjjtoVnn. 
Mi/dUKT. Mhrm. £200 pw. 
TM» feq'd. Tel Ol 730 2800 

henry * JAMES Con tan ua now 
on Ol -235 8861 for the best se- 
lornon of luhudwd flats and 
houses wrern m Kmgntsbridge. 
Chelsea and Kcnslngtan IT) 

MAYFAIR, Wl A selection of 1-6 
Bed rials * houses. Long/snorr 
term. From C200pw. Berkeley 
EsUIes. 01-935 8999. 

WESTMOtRER. SWI . Ideal ptod- 
a4erre. Superb Thames Views. 
£!3Qpw tad CH/CHW. Coous 
828 B2S1- 

CHELSEA Superb apartmou 2 
bedim. Exrrtieni block nr Tube. 
Co L« £295 pw neg. 730-6322 

reco*. lux WTvteeU flal. £296 
pw Co Let 581 5109. I O Tom. 

HOLLAND Park. Fully fura new 
^O^nhouw. » b OT1HM 
small grge. roof gdn. £425 pw. 
Co let or overs eas vtsWora. 6 
months rain. 01-876 8616 - 
PHHJCO Spactoos romenUnUy 
joSed 4 Bed ma a._a Baths. Lge 
Recep. KB/Dtner. Ccrawmy tel. 
Sun sharers. £Z50pw. Beohara 
A Reeves 938 5522. 

Bale* A company have a largr 
sefecilonof rials a. noasesavaH- 
abK-lor l weeks- lrora£200pw. 
499 1665 

■EUR A DifTCHOFF for luxury 
properties in Si Johns Wood. Re 
enK Park. Makta Vale. Swfc* 
Con 6 Hampstead 01-586 7561 
CLAFHAM SOUTH. Delightful 
sunny nai. Lrv Nhlzib rm. ran- 
M-rvaiory. ML bale. 2 bed s. Ch. 
£120 pw Inc. 673 2782 
HHSHDUfTY Sunny 1st floor s/c 
nai overlooking fields. Lounge. 
■ dble bed. KiH.funy equipped. 

cleaning. £95 pw. 01-2266234 
SWI - St Georges So. BrighL 
dean, furnished studio apart- 
ment- Resident Porter. On LeL 
£136 pw. Tet£S9-21 10/21 16. 
SW3 Inf Designers flal o/tooklng 
Gditk. 2 Bed. Big Recep wnh 
fireplace. Kfafl raachlAB. £280. 
Cabban A Gaselee 589 5*81. 
CHELSEA UgM lux balcony itaL 
recep. dbt bedroom. UfL gor- 
ier. Long leL 01-622 G82S. 
DOCKLANDS Flats ant houses to 
let throughout the Docklands 
area. TeCO 1-790 9560 
DOCKLANDS Flats and houses to 
let throughout me Dockland], 
area. TcL-OI 790 9560 
FULHAM: Charming ord llr flat. 1 
recep. 1 bed. CM. gdn. £IOO 
pw do let pref. 01-736-6379 
FULHAM lounge, dble bed. dW 
bed. kit. A bath. CH. nr tube. 
£135 pw 386 7594 
HMUKATE N6 newly furnished 
luxury 2 bed fUL garage avail- 
able. £180 pw. Ol 340 7408 
OUTSKIRTS. 4 bed bouse. £138 
pw. 2 recep. garden, garage. 
Rental Guttle 01686 6552 
Share AH lartHUe*. Avail Now. 
Rental Guide Ot -686 6652 
BAKER StreeL superb 3 yrs Md 
I urn hse. 4 beds. 2 barns, il 
ensuKei Munge/diner. ku/bkfsL 
gge. pauo/gdn. GCH. £376 pw. 
Trt:Ql -8472641 /22X 8276. 

fncndfy- Pmvwnesfrom £171- 
C189 iB A Bi. Hotel* > Town or 
Brartil from £219- £279 IHB>. 7 
mohts at com furry incl Gatwtcfc 
day flights Tue/Thur/Sun 
IhrougbWt On: Transfers A 
airport tax island SUN. Ol- 
222 7452 AST A/A TOL 
Flight* specialbdng in FtrsL 
ChBCtasL Economy lo Austra- 
lia. South Africa. LSA. LNhon. 
Faro. Geneva. AHa actaramo- 
dattao 9wn> Ala*. Lisbon 
CoasH. Algarve apartmenB and 
private iHtak Trt Ol 656 7025. 
AST A 73196. 

airfare SPECIALISTS Sydney 
0 /w £420 rm £ 760 Auckland 
o/w £4 30 rtn £770. Jo burg 
o/w £306 rtn £499. Lot Ange- 
lo* o/w £216 rm £405. London 
Fligtu cerun- 01-370 6552 
AM Tickets Specialists New York 
£249 L.A £349. Toronto 
£279. NatfOM £329. Sydney 

£799. Auckland £749 Oaruur 

130 Jcrmyp StnreLOl B39 

Menorca. Tenerife, viiub. Apt 
Pens io n* Tavernm Hobday* 
/FUghts. Brochure*/ Instant 
booking*. Ventura Hobdays. 
Trt 01-250 1366. 

ONE CALL lor some of the best 
deals in Ibgbts. apar tm en t* , ho- 
tels and car hire Trt London Ol 
636 5000. Manchester 061 832 
2000. Air Travel Advisory 

fltgfttv r.g. mo £485. Luna 
£496 rtn. Abo Sown Group 
Holiday Journeys, leg Pan 
Iron £3501 JLA 01-747-3108 
LSA. S. America. MM and Far 
CasL S Africa. Trayvale. 48 
Margaret StreeL WI. Ol 880 
2928 ivba Accepted! 
CYPRUS/MALTA Hotels 5 Arts. 
Scheduled (Its from H'row. 
Ring Pan World Holidays Open 
Sal Ol T3A 2562 
lares cm cnarter/scheduSed (its. 
Pitot Flight 01 631 0167. Apt 
A to! 1893 

LOW COSY FUCffTS. Mon Euro- 
pean desunauons. vafexonder 
Ol 402 4262/0062 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 
ROME Lisbon £99. Frankfurt 
Pam £60. LTC. 01-328 
3336/01 651 4513 ABTA 

Fly Savely 

flights to 






01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 



Sound admen and pjdance on 
rednenq kna tai traMl costs, 
in A Atidan 0372 ? 4358 9. 
Xmas n Canad a . USA & oreqi no- 
pares. 03727 4355; 
AuslTIZ S Fv East (Ac. 

CtanmeiDri Aeemrt sptcaksf 
01 -M3 0711. 


ABTA Tim. HraRnr ■( Re 
tastonto olTrarri & Toarfsa. 


Unique 1 bed flat in 
Converted Church. 
£125 p.W. 

WTP 01 935 9512 


' 1 Save with Swissair^ 1 
Super Apex. 
Geneva dailyoncon- 

vement afternoon 

flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at [east until the 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and Tull 
conditions from 
travel agents or 






E 755 










Tel Awv 

El 05 


New York 



Los Angeles 





a' h mi: 

01-370 6237 

ir i ff. 



The Irish Post Office 


Canvas (Five Types), Polypropylene Yam Material and 
Blue Nylon Ooth. 

Press Fasteners. Nylon Plaited Cord. Nyton Thread. 
Linen Thread. Webbing Yam Sisal, “D" Rings. Elastic 
To suit manufacture of Sacks, Travel Bsgs, Ground 
Sheets, Upholstery, Work Coats etc 
Full details, doth samples and tender forms available > 
from undersigned, with whom tender offers should be 1 
lodged before 4 p.m. on Friday. 1 7th October, 1986. 
Harry Kettle, 

Head of Purchasing, 

Room 2/151, An Past, 

General Post Office, 

Dublin I, Ireland. 

please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 


Private Advertisers 
01 481 4000 

Birth and Death Notices 

Trade Advertisers: 

01 481 3024 

l 7 ^u 7 Wl 

DESIGN development and consultancy 

Wo have been retained by a prestigious financial systems consultancy based m the City of 

London to recruit further top flight professional staff to work on IBM banking systems projects 
m design, development and consultancy roles. 

Public Appointments 

UJL Holidays 



Bnawesa to Business 
Ed ucat ion 

Ot 481 4481 
01 481 1066 
01 481 1986 
01 481 1989 
01 488 3698 
01 481 4422 
01 481 1920 
01 481 1982 
01 481 1066 

Your initial responsibilities will be in systems design and development in a variety of advanced 
projects both UK and overseas bused. Only candidates who are able and willing |g progress 
into consultancy and management should apply. 

Yon nay use year Access, Amex, Dinars or Via 

Our client requires 

* A good degree 

* At least 2 years IBM systems experience |43«. 30 w. 34/38/SB) 

“ A high level of enthusiasm and commitment 

Our client offers 

Firs I class Formalised training and project experience in 
banking and expert systems applications 
jv * Outstanding career prospects including European 

fy \ A A management positions 

u U r— ] j * Opportunities to lead a group m your specie Ibarion 

#■— i L * Co mm n mem to invest in your ideas 

92 Flee! Street 
London EC4Y I DM 
Tot 01-353 5830 

Flaiw rodv m wming quoting Ral CIV enctocmo bnof oducatiwul and 
career details which writ not ba forwarded to our drain unthoui your poor 





GMMPFUCHTS Eurotie worw 
^v5de Gilt Eden Truvrt. ABTA 

Ol 839 5035 Wng Awe* 

Hwmarkrt Ot 930 1366 


01 434 073a 1UP1HT Travrt. 


L T C- ON* Bat 0753 857038- 


■S 55 AsS#i 


Haeur. P*»«n ^Toff^T 

warn a. rww i v 

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01-581 4641. Horsham 68541 

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FE cities 01-584 6514 ABTA. 


rtrants Faldoc 01-471 0047 
AT^L 1640. Acens/Vtsa. 
SYD/MEL r*-** Perth £565. All 
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5. AFRICA From £465. 01-584 
7371 ABTA. 


(amm Uin grtvaj* 1 
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CMW £210 WU8 

f bahts at ramp'd Pwavr i ran 
lor our small liwndto brochur*. 
Ol uoq 44a£/5276. 

CORFU etmun. Brauufui drt 

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World KOlidai’s 

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fughls. villa rmuk rtc feus 
HdH. ot 434 lo47. AM AIM. 
rtMNH« lux apart hots (ram 
1.189 pp 1.4.B.H Oct Strama 

CAL IF ORMAN stavrirralKm » • 

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nor SnpTb ihrauoiMut Low 48 
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£3.300 Trt 01 584 748a. 



(HMGK0MQE495 SVO/Ma £<65 





SKI WEST • WCW1 Special offm 
an group*. RING FOR A DEAL! 
Atoo other anuxingly Mh once* 
starting at £59. ask ier a copy 
ol nur bumper Brochure. (Oil 
78S 9999 ABIa 09236 AIM 

smrie Rtum 
Jo-te^Hv O® 

HaWb £275 OTO 

Crop £»50 

Lanas E24Q E360 

DdfSpn ^ OM 

Bangkok E2S0 050 

Donia £420 

Afro A»i>n Travel Ltd 

ski W1HZZ- Exciung rotour bro- 
chure out Now) cnrtrt prtcmfr 
£159. Ol 370 0999. 

Tbe FbcfietoSidtfBb! 


For dukt, KB-cationgj and hold 
- Eritor oar Udoa nfflt 
-CaanakfBbcmcacf mlwit 
far— ■dtoiho diw 

Si 01-584 5060(z« in) 

Puts m M YORK ms 

FrwMurt £80 LA/SF £395 
Lagos E320 Uurai £320 
Narahi £325 Smgapgra COB 
Jobrag EOGO Bunkok £335 
Caro £205 Katmandu £440 
DeUBam £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong £510 Crtrattn £*25 
Huge Dhcnitb Avail 
■ on IM & CUt Cten 
21 Swrttow SL London Wl 
D1-439 2100/07 0637 ; 




Nairobi Jo'Burg. Curl Dubai. 

Istanbul. Singapore. KJ_ Ddhi. 
Bangkok. Horn Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. A Toe Americas. 

Flamingo TraveL 
76 SfellestKwy Avenue 
London WlV 7DG. 

» tar tBUUlndUl is CRM 0*U M 
>Aro Ptuua i Parana um vte 
ut*v' ne oatrie lb«) « an n m 
ivikjtrlr k> OBrov im«M W 
pets Creot cant, krdm frwu- 
eens Pw neag bun W NW 
Cv Trewgl (TT 
«3 Cadoga n at 
London S W 3 2 PR 
Trt 581 085 11584 8809 
(589 0132 brochure 24 im) 
A tol ABTA 

uiro Ilk* nediwm >» Uu- above 
■tamrd Comoaiu- whim i* anna 
voluntanlv wound up. jre ir 
qinrrd. on or Brian? I tv !Wh da* 
at October tQ8o. la mid hi llmr 
lull rniNUn and wnunn. Omr 
addrran and druTIpUons. ndl 
particular* ol I heir debts or 
rtatmv and irv Mran and an 
drrssrs of I heir SoiiiiMr* ul anyl 
In itv undcrvtqnrd Dav id sv-adra 
rCA ot 46 Rodnr* Mtirrt Ltlrr 
pool LI 9AA I hr LMUUUtOr or I he 
viMCnmNnv ani. n w iiuUim 
by natm* in willing from tlw said 
LwumMot. acr pmanaUv Of b* 
llmr boliroarv. to came in and 
prove taw debt* or tkums at 
vurh limp and Dtarr as shad tv 
sorolvd in such holier, or in de- 
fault itvmd l hey win tv 
rviludfd from I hr bnvill at ora 
dntnbuiion made Wore me 
iVtatv dir proiPd. 

DM M I htt lath day of Scptcmopr 

□ svv ADEN 

pursuant lo Seel ton aaa of uv 
CDtnpauw Art. I bus* iiim a 
MEETING of tae rrrdllar* at AL 
PINE MEATS mill hr beta at 85 
WttX. SL'FFOLk 1P4 ILN on 
WEDNESDAY the IMh day <4 
OCTOBER 1086 at 1 1 OO o'clock 
in tap 1 nr moon . lor I be purpgur* 
pcm lord loc ui Srruorei 589 and 

Da led tar 19Tti day ot September 



The Companies Acl. 1985 
L Raymond Hocking. Cerl tried 
AcrountanL at Mran Slav mv 
ivanf. 8 Baker Street. London 
WIM IDA. give notice Inal I was 
appotnlM Liquidator in uv above 
matter on iH.iunr tosh anunou 
and cLdim romiM Br sctrtlo me at 
Dir above dddlW. 


81-439 fllS2/01-43f 775! 

Open Sanrdiy 10J&-13M 

GN Gnat Nordic Ltd. and GN Great Naidic IMding Ltd. 

The tiN (>ira Nnnhr Group'* net profit for the fira hair of IW> aOn 
aunnnt*iIuic*aiidia*«a*,lB.)iiiu.nkK.apimi50raA. DKK for ibe rmi 
half 0/19X5 The rcstdi rv m hoc with the npccutran* cvpmnvl al l he 

K'drapaBi * jkocpI nxrung in May Um jtar. 

( inwp idtoowt RKWascd tk Xkulo l.t iboimod miB. DKK. pnmanl) dur lo 
pmarrsv on the cvpon noilciy 

Enranbnin iKtm nnlnbulcd appovTOUKiy 4 1 null DKK to the icvah ilk 
nut DKK m 19*51 while ihe cstunMcd bi h^iiu> of 19 mitt. DKK n 
vimiiaf io bu rear* 

The hnU-vear rail m golly pflccted by non in bourns arras ihal roe 
hnng bifmol iJ or wand op and by an w np a to l bcavv h« in GN 
Dauun Horr of a very negative devrtopneM m Us 1>S subsidiary and 
cviraoidioanly brjc toviv in «mnmmi wuh a reraffpraraiion of the pradne- 
Uon nruros. 

i IN I tanavm is mm cam rag not a noroher oTuracuaal c luope* and improv- 
ing monaroment dfoetuemaa in roller to bclk? npkm Ihe patent al wiifem 
ihe buring-aid mdoslr*. 

tiN Hrlkrenv havvold ilv martcUog vubudoriev in toe Nrotac crornincs in 

■be i menial radjl baucry nuop Dorecdl rtuefe has a whd potmen on ihe 
imrfcl coovuraer market lor bailrrics. From its fortory at ThKtrd and il* 
Mhaun pbnl al Kocr both m Denmark. llK company *1 concentrate 
enmeiy on l he dcvctutwoi and produnum of KcbPOWRcatty advanced 1 
KHIcnrv for avilian and nubiary poiprack 

tiN Ncfcom hjvmadrroi ngrccfncni todaposcof manniucs witfamattkc 
autronaimi In (Mitctu. GN Neuron mil boo coocnmau on lbe devciop- 
nmn and uric of ihr filing vyttem ODIN (Oflier Docoikm la fo rm a ttwi 

Svslcm] ami commuaicauan svHcmv and an ESPRIT project for the EEC. 
The Tetccuaraimncatiiai Divraon is aflected by tailing Ira flic revenue from 
lbe Nroib AUanur arte system* and. m addmon. tt ben* burdened mrti 
man* cvpcmcv in cuoncrtun *ilh I he cspansJon of Ihe untrue* udhin UN 
tit* Id 

The other Group nmpuio refolded pmdivf resnhi for the half-year nnd 
o[xn irvubv for the whole year to he bencr than ibtnc actocred in 1 9*5. 
\N> ibr vennd half of Ihr year will near a amber of cvpenacs m conaecliMi 
« ilh trading up bciihiks and changing vtratfmrs. rspceiaBy in GN Donavo* 
ami GN Netcom and 4 mem be foiexcn itul ibe ordinary icmiII for the 
whulc year will hr lower dan the year hcfoce. 

4 proou evtunnif of ibcednonbnary income and npndiMepm icasnn 
m evpcci ibe net inBii alter mnwniy inumuandm to reneb apprmiamely 
lbe same level a Ihr pm loin year. 

22ihI Sepumber IW 




Salary scale: £7,689 - £9,696 (inc) 

Are you an experienced Medical Secretary looking for a fob with more responsttriffly. 
while holding on to your exceflent secretarial stalls? 

We currently have vacancies tor two Administrative Assistants at this group of four 
small postgraduate hospitals in the Covent Garden area, specialising in Urology and 


To provide a comprehensive secretarial and admi nist ra tiv e service to the Director of 
Medcal Services and to «M>rdinat8 the administration of the Renal Replacement 
Service and Oncology Untt. 

Your other duties win include keeping comprehensive computer-based records of 
patients, liaison with the UK Transplant Service and European Dialysis and Transplant 
Association, patient record keeping, and financial statistics. 


nurenrg staff. As w^ as your manMeriaJ arvj secretarial duties you wiU have respon- 
*Mtefor «w maintenance of ^mtesione lists, compilations of bed MtosSd 
statistics and arranging absence cover. 


If you are interested In atthar of these posts, please contact the Personnel Denart- 
men^ St PMHp’s Hospital, Sheffield StreetLorKlwi, WGsJtetbfM^lSjn exL37. 
dosing date: 13th October 1986. 





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At zero minus five it I looks good 

I'ha A Ma ■ • if W \ 

Luigi s and dozens of new 
watering holes enticing the 
visitor trill be ringing more 
enthusiastically even than the 
sound of the possible 751 

be telephone rings in 

next Sunday: 

6S feet or so long, each w itl, , J* 

i isrtisr ,, A — »» Seven sound of the* possible 

> agSW?© -^jg^gPgtein jgMo 751 races to JOSES' JETS 
jEjSrSSMF -Sg^gjgstoy of a small silver ewer 

1 Andrew SpeMing, other- _ inat th e Symbol Of SUDremacv Tn the a**™* 1 «”««* «H»- 

t 1 wise Imown w Spnd, ex-naval « . » mc sition over the oast two weeks. 

. Mudneer and operations man- 0( tbree reDOrtS fmnt KVantanfla cannot wait for the start 

SSTBritain's White Horse ^ rremantie, The Crusader camp afl say, 

v reader Challenge, gives to 17aVia Miller. Chief SDOrtS CHrreSHOndent kMlepe ® <ientl1 ’' that the cam- 

^ tbe Boyaf Thames' campaign ' 2 — — W1 1 ca l w,IAUCUI> pargn has so frr progressed 

that icooocbstk attitude to ass esses the British rfiaflfrnpg betta; than could have been 

! formality which helps reduce ' hoped. Ok the platform of 

the hyper-tension of this £200 PMerde Savaiy’s adveatmoas 

, minim sporting event to a .Jj*, racecourse lies just He is the director ■** ?»>*“ attempt in 1953 

chairman, and Cndmore have forced us into improvements 
built a compact unit, learning which were significant when 
from previous errors. we beat liberty. De Savory, a 

"m iM" 051 of the '83 su P cr b,0 * ie ' B°* his act 

v Andrew Spedding, other- 
V wise hnown as Spud, ex-naval 
\ efudoeef and operations man- 
's imd Bsibdn's White Horse 




crew and shore wrong, 
team have been rmli 
reassembled - Vg 
less the contra- E??. 

Cndmore Wentlfied the 
problems. With the keel, the 
crew, the sails and the most all 

M- g“. ^ Ti. siCrffc 1 ^ 

SSL. - 22t <“« to be right for such 

:: R a 



formality which helps reduce 
% the hyper-tension of this £200 
N minim sporting event to a 
toieraWe level. 

~l\ Although the bnsefing com- 
poend may superficially have 
•V the mood of that fictional RAF 
-*■*! station immortalized on radio 
'J. by' Bichard Murdoch and 
^ Kenneth Horae in Mack Bind- 
% img h The Marsh, Spedding 
S, has shrewdly helped create an 
almost unspoken code of vol- 
> notary discipline and 
collaboration between crew, 

' triggers and administration 
which is sailing on a harmo- 
^ nions broad reach five days 
^ before the start of racing. 

S In what is about to become, I 
believe, one of the world's 
. ‘ major sporting events after the 
-■ Olympic Games and the 
World Cup for football, the 
British have a realistic chance 
; . of recaptaring the trophy they 
inaugurated, and lost, in 1851. 

There is a buzz of expecta- 
tion throughout Perth and 
Fremantle, this geographl- 
' cally-isolated pearl of civiliza- 
tion gently carved along the 
elegant shores of the Swan 
River estuary, winch is seldom 
experienced in .sport. It is as 
though there were going to be 
" a succession of heavyweight 
? world title fights every other 
*> day for four months, or the 
/- greatest Olympian nmnezs 
were to be given the stamina to 
race each other again and 


The difference is that here 
we have an amalgam of mU- 
Iron-dollar machines aero- 
dynamically mote elaborate 
than jet aircraft, hnman crews 
who are tougher than inter- 
I national oarsmen, and the 
imponderable of the wind: the 
whole more complex than the 
Formula One Grand Prix. 

F remantle, which a few 
years ago had become 
a snail, declining 
port about the size of 
Newfaaven, where 
passengers on eastward-bom d 
cniise-Dners seldom bothered 
to go ashore, has reacted in a 
way few believed fikely who, 
three years ago last Friday, 
Australia H defeated Liberty 
to end the longest winning 
streak in sport 
Many a yachting sage 
thought it would prove the end 
of the America's Cop as it had 
been known in historic New- 
fc port, Rhode Island. Some of ns 
present suspected that the 
breaking of the mould conld be 
the making of the tourna- 
ment's public appeal, freeing it 
from restraining tradition and 
stifling tire United States' 
domination of a rich, minority 

There has, indeed, been an 
explosion of interest: and what 
is so spectacular is that even 
the six American syndicates 
here attempting to regain the 
Cap admit time Fremantle is 
giving qualities to the event 
^ ashore and afloat that New- 
m port never had. 

“Newport was the fun area 
of a powerful nation, and I 
didn't think Fremantle could 
attract such people", Harold 
Cndmore, the Crusader skip- 
per, says. “Yet the fun has 
held sufficient influence, so 
there is more of a yachting 
enthusiasm than ever. 1 mis- 
judged it" 

T elevision rights sold 
to every competing 
nation except Can- 
ada, and additionally 
to Japan — the nego- 
tiations handled less than 
satisfactorily by IMG, gnar- 
. antee exposure unprecedented 
" for yachting. 

Iwnnu^i .. . — — - «« o ure iccomrai nnraor 

7 raU ', S0 10 w b° bas evaluated the com- 
speak, instead of an boor s tow pater design programme with 
tht "S" 1 " M-J-mne MelrosfiS iShSmS 
course is tightened from six creator of Victory *83 and now 
legs to eight increasing spec- of Crusader I. 
tutor interest for the 500 who 

will pay $400 a day on a Fremantle is devdopuwal- 
floating grandstand, the 1,400 mas* u front of your eyes. The 
with a Si 60 view from an neo-gothic buildings, legacy of 
ocean finer, and die rt«ra<=nn ds. the gold-rash boom 90 years 
in smaller craft Haifa million a E°* *re being refurbished. 
Australians and foreign tour- The state and federal gorera- 
ists are expected over the five nient have invested 70 ntillioo 
months upto the finaL Should “ roads, car-parks, airport 
New Zealand roach the dial- expansion, the media centre 
lenge round, they will be and the newest of the three 
taming the lights out in Auck- yacht harbours. Private money 
land and Wellington as the has renovated the old colonial- 
whole nation crosses the water style seafront hotel here, and, 
to be here. vrith Perth, there are now more 

_ . five-star hotels than in any 

The shore facilities are other Australian dty, inctnd- 
exceptionaL Angus Melrose, fag the new £150 million 
Crusader's sail designer, and Casino Hotel where 2,000 
his seven safl-malcers have the gamblers nightly part with 
largest loft in Australia, 50 their money more readily than 
yards from the dock. The syndicate sponsors, 
recent Guinness sponsorship 

means that Mehrose can spend Italian immigrants who 
£250,000 on new sails for the comprise 40 pm- cent of 
first series of 12 races, per- Fremantle's population wel- 
haps £750,000 on the whole come the event rather more 
campaig n. Suite cost up to than the middle-class “brown- 
£154)00 and last no more than rice and sandals" brigade from 
60 hours. To win (he Cup, 57 Perth who began the 
races of some four hours each gentrification of the decaying 
mav he necessary. suburb 15 years ago and 

He is foe technical director^. 

who has evaluated the com- "b Kh was to ™ by internal 
pater design programme with J. , . s f* re f/ neilts ’ . 

Melrose and IanHowlrtt, the WaXkcr ’ ^ pre * ent syadkate 
creator of Vktory *83 and now 
of Crissader L 

Fremantle is devdopuwal- 
most in front of your eyes. The 

the gold-rush boom' 9(Fyears 
ago. are being refurbished. 

The state and federal govern- 
ment have invested 70 million 
in roads, car-parks, airport 
expansion, the media centre 
and. the newest of the three 
yacht harbours. Private money 
has renovated the old colonial- 

style seafront hotel here, and, .. 

with Perth, there are now more 

five-star hotels than in any 

other Australian dty, utetnd- 

ing the new £150 millioa 

Casino Hotel where 2,000 ^ 

gamblers nightly part with 

their money more rrodiiy than m?i 

syndicate sponsors. 

Italian immigrants who 


f m 

/ Vi -- 

/ f* & 

■ / 

S f 

Crebbin. both sacked by de 
Sarny, and Spedding now the 
key figures. 

“They're going null," says 
Warren Jones, the executive 
director for Alan Bond, 
Austriala's veteran cam- 
paigner. “They have a fast 
boat, and they've been around. 

relative success. “It was the 
hulk" he says. ^So I per- 
suaded How left to join ns if he 
would work in collaboration 
with Crebbin's technical 

The product has been an all- 
round development of Ben 

They've got some scars to Lexcen's then radical Austra- 
prove it- Hewlett's boat last lia H, which Crusader 1 has 



; Paul Standbridgb< 


Craig Nutter 

■ Mefvyn Coleman $$$% Chris Mason ^v;.l 

..'i.'x.':.;..''.. '■ 

Navigator and ' 
■ sail co-ordinator y 
E ddie Warden Owen' 

starting helmsman/ 

. ... x tactician: 
Harold Cudmore . 

may be necessary. 

“We're ready to release the 
brakes," Phil Crebbin says. 

suburb 15 years ago and 
vociferously oppose the Cup. 
The cash registers at 
Lombardo's, GcereUo's, Papa 


ill CREW WM 

Hahneman and :v 
crew 00 -qrdbmtoR ; 

piTwb from: Louis Rich, Mark Preston, :4,.. >/. Chris Law j jV- 

^Pau! Rushent CBve Roberts, Sean CampbeflU:? - 

Teamwork will be the 
key to success for 
Cudmore and his crew 

... -j> 

Harold Cudmore: master tacti c ian 

■ 7-» • • 

r-- - =r* 

ly 'r ■* ’> 

v / " 


Chris Law: accomplished helmsman 

Heading Britain's challenge 
on the water is Harold 
Cudmore. a 42-year-old Irish- 
man and winner of 10 inter- 
national match-race 

championships, including the 
this year's premier Congres- 
sional Cup — which made him 
the first non-American to win 
the series. 

In an effort to compromise 
the opposing crew before the 
gun fires. Cudmore will have a 
hand on the helm during the 
vital chess-like pre-start 
manoeuvres. JEhit once the 10- 
minute starting sequence is 
complete, he will hand over 10 
Chris Law, the 34-year-old 
helmsman and crew co-or- 
dinator, and assume, instead, 
the role of tactician. 

The task for Law, a former 
Finn Gold Cup champion and 
^ representative for Britain at the 
last four Olympics, is to keep 
White Crusader sailing at maxi- 
. }1 mum speed, while Cudmore 
calls the shots. 

The navigator and sail co- 
"jS ordioator is Eddie Warden 
& Owen, aged 36. A sailmaker 
Irt from Fareham in Hampshire, he 
i4 first made a name for bimseffin 
the GP14 dinghy dass. 

With countless national and 
internationai titles to his credit. 
Warden Owen — who steered 
Indulgence, owned by Graham 
Walker, the syndicate bead, to 
victory in this year’s three- 
$ quarter ton Cup — was a 
Contender for the job of helms- 

The task of balancing the 
power generated by the sail 
against the weight on the helm 
falls 10 the mainsbeet trimmer, 
Chris Mason. Another 
sailmaker by made, the 28-year- 
old from Lymington. Hamp- 
shire. had the same role aboard 
Peter de Sa vary’s 1983 chal- 
lenger. Victory '83. 

The two headsail/sp i n rrakcr 
trimmers to make the crew arc 
the 36-year-old Swiss national. 
Michel Maeder, and Jerry Rich- 
ards — who crewed aboard Chris 
Law's Soling keelboat at the 
1984 Los Angeles Olympics. 
Maeder. who gained his status 

' use ready for their immediate 

Barry Pldrthall ^ jobormastmangoesto 

OB toe men another Fareham man, 24-year- 

Hotiinrl tliA old Mtivyn Coleman, whose job 

pemna ine is to hoist and lower the safls as 

British challenge well as climb the rig in theevenl 

— " “ — — of problems aloft He will also 

as a British resident by living on be working closely with Paul 
the Isle of Wight for two years, Standbndgp, the bowman, to 
bas teamed up with Cudmore on have spinnakers hoisted and set 
many occasions in past SORC. wthin 10 sreonds of rounding 
Lymington Cup and Australian the windward marie. 

PBS events, as well as this year’s 
Congressional Cup. 

Standbridge, who has the 
agility of a monkey and, seem- 

The two grinders aboard are ingly- a «»“! disregard for his 
the human powerhouses that own weu-being when working 
must sweat over the primary on the wave-washed narrow 
winches, grinding in the five-ton foredeck, came to the synmeate 
leading on the genoa within six after proviiK his ability aboatd 
10 eight seconds each time the foe South African maxt .Atlantic 
yacht tacks — repeating the task Privateer, dunpg foe Jaa 
as many as 40 times during Whitbread round-the-world 

yacht tacks — repeating the task Pnwaieer, during foe Ian 
as many as 40 times during Whitbread round-the-world 
tacking duds on each of the four race. . 

windward kgs. lhe G ^~ 

ur,.K , h ^ n nm bam Walker, a self-made mil- 

lionaire from Jersey and 
^L y director of foe Argyll Group. A 

successful yachtsman in bis own 


hrJS«h,c for hteVniid suaxssful yachtsman in bis own 
sort tel vSISm "Eh!, be captained foe British 
^chanSee AdmiraTs Cup and Southern 
Cross Cup teams in 1983. and 
bis yacht. Phoenix, finished top 
S^i!£SnMi'in a <? individual points scorer in foe 

RKtL'kSiS ng.w^. 

Jim Kilroy's famed American 

Chief executive of foe British 
challenge is Ctavid Arnold, an 

The Olympic oarsman Sean accomplished businessman and 
Campbell was introduced to the navigator, who was also a 
crew through the a winch- member this year of Walker's 
grinder contest, held earlier tins winning crew aboard 
year, to find fresh heavyweight indulgence, 
talent. He was recruited along Phjj Crebbin. one of Peter de 
with Paul Rushent. a 23-year- Sa vary's skippers during foe 
old electrician from Maiden- 1983 challenge, is technical 

old electrician from Maiden- 


head, in Berkshire, who had no director. His job has been to 
previous yachting experience oversee foe research, develop- 
before joining the team at mem construction of foe 
Fremantle in May. syndicate's two 1 2-metre -vachis. 

syndicate’s two 12-metre yachts. 

The fifth member of foe A systems analyst and computer 
squad is Give Roberts, a 28- consultant by trade, he is also an 
year-old Londoner who. like accomplished match -racing 
CampbelL has twill up his helmsman and well qualified to 
strength and stamina in the step aboard as helmsman, navi- 
worid of rowing, a sport in gator, or skipper 

^ h J 1 S^S?2 Winning80W •CORRECTION: In 

medals since iv/b. yesterday's paper we incorrectly 

The task of “sewerman goes described foe scientist. Herbert 
to Craig Nutter, a 27-year-old Peareey. as Sir Herbert Pearcey. 

Scotsman. His job is to 
the sails from inside 1 

and quickly re-pack them after caused. 

sup We apologize for any 
bg 81 embarrassment this may have 

recently regularly outpaced. 
“It's unlikely that heavy- 
weather boats will be better at 
match racing in racking and 
turning.** Crebbin says. 

Robert Hopkins, an Ameri- 
can consultant last time to de 
Savary and now working with 
the defeated Denis Conner, 
agrees: “You want your peak 
[huli| to be down the centre 
line or (be average breeze (15- 
20 knots] and make the perfor- 
mance envelope as wide as 
possible**. CrebbiH thinks they 
have achieved this. 

Codmore's other priority 
was to persuade Chris Law, 
ten years younger and his 
main British helming rivaL to 
give up a prosperous career 
and take his chance in the 
campaign: without guarantee. 

“It's a high risk to enlist an 
aggressive stranger." 
Cndmore says. Law was will- 
ing, and spent the Australian 
winter, under Codmore's 
direction, testing Crusader I in 
40- knot winds where two- ton 
toads stretched half-inch steel 
genoa o-boat shackles like 

“That's where the *people* 
(actor was created." Law says, 
“and the confidence that we're 
going to win it. Only two weeks 
ago was 1 told by Harry that I 
was in. 'It's yon and me', he 
said. If it conies down to match 
racing more than boats, we’ll 
be strong". 

The British have probably 
more collective match racing 
experience and ability than 
any boat other than Conner's: 
nl his boat's ability is un- 
certain. Eddie Warden Owen, 
who forms the after-guard 
with Cndmore and Law, has 
maybe more talent than any 
one, Cndmore says. 

“The British always haw 
the talent, but so rarely the 
ability to use it" Cudmore 
says. “To do that yon have to 
get pride and ego out of the 
way and get to the real issues; 
to have an equality between 
officers and men the way you 
have in the SAS". 

T he analogy is not 
inappropriate. The 
11 men in a 12-metre 
operate in extremes 
of mental and phys- 
ical tension, responding 
simultaneously to instinct, 
experience and complex in- 
struments. Spedding has in 
the briefing room a mock 
stressometer dial, with 
Codmore’s face and an arm 
pointing to a tension gradation 
from Asleep to PTH (plane 
ticket home). 

“We've come along way, bat 
there's far to go. Well leave a 
better idea in December of 
resilience to pressure," 
Spedding says. 

His contributions include 
not only a scientific eye for 
mast balance, weight and 
alignment, but the reduction of 
the work force from de 
Sa vary's 108 to the present 
lean 35, comparable to 
Australia's winning team in 

“I’d like to think" be says 
reflectively, “that next Feb- 
ruary we could have an Ashes 
series on water". 

TOMORROW: the other 

Clive Roberts: strength and stamina 




Plundering Pirates Dolphins battling to stay afloat Casualties in cup 

While football suffers from a 
dearth ofgoals. there is a danger 
that ice hockey supporters will 
become sated. In 12 Norwich 
Union Cup games at foe week- 
end 239 goals were scored, wifo 
the 20-14 win by Peterborough 
Pirates at Sunderland set ting a 
competition record for aggregate 

Spare a thought for Scott 
Mills and Barry Olson, each of 
wham scored 10 . points for 
Sunderland and finished on the 
losing side. Garry Unger scored 
six of the Peterborough goa* 5 
and Todd Bidner three. These 
two will obviously be a fbrce to 
be reckoned with in the first 
division of the Heineken British 

While Lee Valley Lions had 
an easy 7-4 win over Oxford m 
their opening first division fix- 
ture. this was pul into perspec- 
tive when Slough Jtefc * 
newcomers, won 15-1 at Oxford 
and Lions were outclassed at 
Streatham. Craig Mriancon ted 
the Redskins* scoring with eight 
goals and six assists, but it was 
four goals in three minutes by 
Mike Rocchio. the defcncenwn. 
that set them on their way after 
six goals were shared in the first 
period. . „ . . 

The most productive mdivid- 

By Norman de Mesqnfts 

lifers from a ual. however, was Rick Fera. 
re is a danger who had eight goals and eight 
oporters wit! assists in MnrrayfieM s 19-3 win 
12 Norwich at Glasgow Eagles, 
at foe week- The latest on the Mark 
scored, wifo pfevelich saga is that the former 
*«er borough US Olympic and New York 
ind setting a Rangers centre is crossing foe 
for aggregate Atlantic this week in an attempt 
U> sort out his contract 
1 for Scott difficulties, 
son. each of Meanwhile. Dundee Rockets 
points for smuggle, going down W at 
idled on foe hom( . w Munayfield for their 
Jnger scored lhird ]oss in four games. But Fife 
•rough goals have now won five out or 

three. These an( j Durham Wasps four 
be a force to om Q f f ou r. There two seem to 
in the first ^ mo ving inexorably towards 
leken British November's Norwich Union 
Cup finaL 

ErtSSd in 

at j&dSSflE 

1 JetS, the Stiwsamuoh Pfratss 20: 

-1 at Oxford venom 


SffBamnn h o ow» ■V-“ n vrv- u z 
5 wratty Wamora 14. Petertjaougn 


1 1 ■ J nrfc ■ n Imquqs PM UMbok Lae 

KSfuowToittord CftY Stare 4; 
Richmond Ryfl« 7 Aftnra^utm Ae»a5. 

New York (AP) — The Miami 
Dolphins continued to struggle 
in the US National Football 
League on Sunday on a day that 
featured an upset of foe Los 
Angeles Rams, and a scare for 
the New York Giants. 

Dan Marina the millionaire 
quarterback who signed a lu- 
crative. long-term contract ear- 
lier this year, threw four 
interceptions as the Dolphins 
lost 3 1-16 to Saa Francisco. The 
defeat was foe third in four 
games for the Dolphins, their 
worst start since 1969. foe year 
before Don Shula became 

The Rams lost 10 unrated 
Philadelphia Eagles, giving 
Buddy Ryan his first victory as a 
head coach. Ron Jaworskfs. the 
quarterback, made three touch- 
down passes, and foe Eagles 
defence managed to stop the 
NFL “rushing" leader. Eric 

In lhe New York Giants v 
New Orleans Saints match. Phil 
Simms threw a four-yard touch- 
down pass to foe tight end. Zeke 
MowatL wifo 8min 03sec to 
play as the Giants rallied from a 
1 7-poim first-half deficit to win. 
George Rogers rushed for 1 15 
surds, and two touchdowns to 
fend undefeated Washington to 
victory over foe previously- 

unbeaten Seattle. Rogers' sec- 
ond score, from seven yards out, 
gave Washington a 16-7 lead 
late in foe third quarter. The run 
capped a 74-yard drive. 

A pre Vi 0 usl y-sl uggish Chi- 
cago Bears offence produced its 
most productive performance of 
foe season. The Beam routed the 
Bengals hi a style re mini scent of 
their 1985 Super Bowl season, 
using McMabon's leadership to 
cash in on five interceptions by 
their hard-tackling linebackers 
and defensive secondary. 

Rogers' sec- Tommy Kramer, who was 

en yards out, replaced early in foe second half 
a 16-7 lead after his sixth touchdown, threw 
ner. The run two scoring passes each to Steve 
rive. Jordan and Hassan Jones and 

u ggish Chi- one each to Darrin Nelson and 
produced its Mike Mularkey as the Vikings 
rformance of beat Packers 43*7. 
is round the Nick Lowery kicked a 46-yard 

mini scent of field goal wifo 1:07 left to give 
fowl season. Kansas City victory over Buf- 
eadership to felo, and Pittsburgh's Rick 
sreeptions by Woods returned a pum 41 yards 
linebackers 10 set up Waiter Abercrombie's 
idary. force-yard touchdown run that 

Results and tables 

Kansas tty CWefa 2D, Buffalo w*n*n»DM*m w l m pf pa 

BOa 17; Chicago Ben 44. CinOwwl Kansas tty 3 1 - 750 B8 67 

Bengals 7; Oneiand Browns 2C Detroit Seams Seahawta 3 I 750 105 67 

Lions 21; fOT] Pteburah SMtars 2Z, Los Angeles ■ 

Houston (Mere Sen nsndsco 4Bsrs Radars 1 3 550 68 75 

31. Miami Dotpwns 16; New Ywk Sants San Omgo 

20. HW Ortwns Saints 17: Ptiiadelpta Chwgsre 1 3 250 97 95 

34. Log Angelas Hams 2D; Wash* 

MHtns 19. Seam Mat mars 14: 

Broncos 27, N«w England Patriots NATIONAL CONFERENCE 

; New York Jsts 26. tndtsnapota Colts Eastern Omsioo W L Pa Pf PA 

7; Los Angsles Raiders 17. Bn Drop Now York Gams 3 1 .750 62 64 

■ Ctoraers 13 tOT): Atlanta Falcons 23. Dates 2 1 -667 97 72 

Tamps Bay Buccaneers 26 PMsdUpNa Esgtes 1 3 ® 107 

AMERICAN CONFERENCE St Louis Caninais 0 3 hOO 33 68 

N^YorfcjS” 3 V .S W 96 ttnW1I»iWw tt LW PF PA 

!!■« a I I i 

Mans Dolphins 1 3 250 117 142 J 61 97 

Mferapofe 0 4 J00 27 113 Green Bay Packer* 0 4 jjgO 32 122 

Centre! DMNm W L Pa PF PA Western DMBton W L PM PF PA 

Cleveland Browns 2 2 -500 91 112 lbs Angsles Rams 3 1 .750 76 64 

Houston Otart t 3 250 60 75 San Francisco 3 1 750 101 56 

Pmstxtrgh 1 3.250 30 flB New Orleans 1 3 250 66 67 

Eastern Ovision W L Pa PF PA 

New York Gms 3 1 .750 ffi 64 

Dates 2 1 -667 97 72 

PMsMpNa Eagtes 1 3 .250 65 107 

St Louis Caidnata 0 3 .000 33 68 

Central 3Msfc» WLta PF PA 
Minnesota .'•■mgs S 1 .750 10S 37 

Detroit Lions 1 3 •SS S! SI 

Tampa Bay 1 3 JS0 61 97 

Qreen tty Packers 0 4 jjqo 32 122 

gave die Pittsburg Steel ers their 
victory over Hobsiod Oilers. 

In Denver. Sammy Winder 
and Gerald Willhiic scored 
touchdowns as the Broncos 
smothered New England Patri- 
ots in the second half, rallying 
from 13-3 at half-time. The 
Broncos scored on four of their 
five possessions in foe second 

Pat Leahy, of foe New York 
Jets, scored four field goals to 
extend his siring of successful 
attempts to 19 in a row. foe 
third-fongest in NFL history, as 
foe Jets beat Indianapolis. They 
survived four turnovers, then 
halted force Indianapolis drives 
in the second half by forcing the 
0-4 Colts to turn foe ball over 
each time. 

Marc Wilson threw two 
louchdown passes in a span of 
41 seconds to take Los Angeles 
Raiders to their first win of the 
season, over San Diego. The 
Raiders, playing without their 
tailback Marcus Allen, won 
despite turning the ball over five 

Mick Luckhursi's third field 
goal of the game, a 34-yartter 
12min 35sec into overtime 
lifted Atlanta Falcons over 
Tampa Bay Baccaneers. 

The first round of foe Pruden- 
tial National Cup produced its 
share of casualties at foe week- 
end. The elimination of Ren 
Vardy Sander land by foe second 
division side Oldham Celtics 
was one but altogether more 
serious was the fearsome knock 
suffered by Bob Martin of 
HomeS pare Bolton. 

Martin swallowed his tongue 
in foe game at Derby- where but 
for lhe swift intervention of 

Bolton's new American. Rod 
Kittles, his injury could have 
been fetal- Martin, a dual na- 
tional and veteran of foe Na- 
tional League, hit his head on 
the floor and was knocked 
unconscious after felling awk- 
wardly following a charge by Ed 
Coe. Derby's new American. 

The game was held up for 20 
minutes while Martin was 
rushed to the city's Royal 
Infirmary where he was later 
discharged. X-rays having 
shown that there was no damage 
to his jaw or skull. The accident 
.knocked the heart out of Bolton, 
who succumbed 87-82. 

Ati the cup games went to 
form with the exception of that 
at Sunderland, who can also 
blame their 93-85 defeat by 
Oldham on injuries to' their two 
Americans. Jim Brandon is out 
with a ricked back and Greg 

McGray was so troubled by a 
sprained left knee that he was 
used sparingly. 

■“Oldham are a decent side but 
in normal circumstances, even 
without Brandon. 1 would have 
hoped to have beaten them." 
Dave Eldcrkin. the Sunderland 
coach, said. “Having to play 
without Brandon is like Kings- 
ton having to do without Steve 

Never was a inter word said 
with more immaculate liming. 
Bonlrager, who began with a 
flurry of forec-poini shots in lhe 
opening minutes, was foe in- 
spiration behind Kingston's 
106-97 success in overtime at 
Portsmouth, in foe only first 
division game. He finished with 
40 points and Portsmouth, who 
had pulled back a 14-point 
deficit in foe last 17 minutes, 
finished up having five players 
fouled ouu - 

Among them was Tafoam. 
who after sinking two spectacu- 
lar three-pointers in foe lost 
minute to help bring Ports- 
mouth level.' also incurred a 
technical foul for dissent. A 
further technical was incurred 
by Dan Lloyd, the coach, for a 
remark made from the bench by 
Irish after he. too. had been 
fouled out after scoring 32 







, .'t : 

Ainu finance 


aruK i 

of new 

Nomrood can underline 
strength of classic crop 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Today The Times lau- 
nches a private handicap 
ratings service, compiled 
by Gerald Hubbard, one 
of the foremost handicap 
experts in the country. 

The ratings, which are 
based on an analysis of 
past form, will be given 
for the two top meetings 
each day and will appear 
immediately after the 
jockeys* names in the 

The top-rated horse, 
the one with the highest 
number, for each race is 
highlighted with a blob. 

The Times private han- 
dicap per's considered top 
rating of the day will 
appear in the selections 

Another innovation for 
the main meetings is the 
transfer of the approxi- 
mate starting price odds 
for the leading horses 
from beneath the race to 
the end of each line. 

The list of leading 
coarse specialists has 
been expanded to incinde 
the top six trainers and 
jockeys and is incor- 
porated in the relevant 

A guide to our new- 
style racecards can be 
found at the top of the 
Goodwood programme, 
listing the symbols. 

On whai is expected 10 be 
perfect ground. Nomrood is 
taken to win the Foundation 
Stakes at Goodwood today in 
the hands of Richard Quinn, 
who is enjoying such a fine 
season as Paul Cole's first 

jockey. . . , 

Mv selection was in form at 
this stage of the season last 
vear when he won at New- 
market before finishing sec- 
ond in the William Hill 
Futurity at Doncaster. 

Nomrood also began this 
season where he left ofiflasl by 
finishing in the first two in his 
first two races. He started by 
winning the Chester Vase and 
then he put up another fine 
performance at York where he 
was runner-up 10 Shahrastani 
in the Mecca-Dante Stakes at 

Those performances natu- 
rally led to a crack at the 
Derby in which he ran well up 
to a point, that point being 
two furlongs from home. It is 
logical to assume that 
Nomrood is best suited to 
races around a mile and a 
quarter which happens to be 
die distance of today's race. 

His only subsequent race 
involved a trip to France for 
the Prix Eugene Adam at 
Saint-Cloud midway through 
July. But unfortunately that 
venture turned out to be a 

However, following a rest 
Nomrood is now revitalised 
and expected to draw further 
attention to the overall ex- 
cellence of the current classic 
crop by beating his six oppo- 
nents this afternoon. 

Those who have already 
backed Dallas to win 

Saturday's Cambridgeshire 
will be looking to both 
Chinoiserie and Rackstraw to 
provide a pointer. Chinoise- 
rie. who won the Extej Stakes 
over today's course and dis- 
tance at the big meeting, is a 
stable and galloping compan- 
ion of Dallas, while Rackstraw 
just managed to finish in front 
of him when Dallas made his 
long-awaited reappearance at 
Goodwood early this month. 
On that occasion they were 
both put firmly in their place 
by Ininsky. 

Kufuma and Samarid re- 
cently finished second and 
fifth, respectively, behind My 
Generation at Leopardstown 
in Ireland. Now Samarid has a 
61b pull for a length beating. 

No matter how he gets on 
with Kufuma, Pai Eddery can 
take three more strides to 
what looks like being his fifth 
jockeys' championship after 
an eight-year gap by landing a 
treble on Harlestone Lake 
(3.0). Gilbert® (4.30) and Pale- 
face (5.0). 

Of the three, Gtlbertohasby 
far and away the easiest task in 
the Solent Stakes. Last time at 
Doncaster he was unfortunate 
to come up against the highly 
regarded newcomer AjdaL 
who has subsequently been 
installed as favourite for next 
year's 2,OOOGuineas following 
another enormously impres- 
sive win at Ascot last Friday. 
It will be surprising, indeed, if 
Gilbeno has an opponent of 
that calibre this time. 

In contrast, his stable 
companion Harlestone Lake 
has a much tougher task in the 
Ajax Engineering Insurance 

Stakes, run over 2 miles and 3 

Bui the one thing that John 
Dunlop's filly does not lack is 
cite stamina to succeed over 
this marathon distance. 

Indeed, the way that she ran 
away from Tugboat, who is no 
mean stayer himselC over 2Vi 
miles in Qsiend in August 
suggested to me that she could 
easily be capable of upsetting 
another Cesarewitch hope. 
Withy Bank, not to mention 
the course and distance win- 
ner Accuracy and Actinium. 

As for Paleface, he looks 
precisely the type to benefit 
from the champion elect’s 
drive in the Kinrara Nursery. 

For the day’s best bet. I'm 
relying on So Kind to land the 
nap in the Carlton Maiden 
Fillies' Stakes at Nottingham 
where John Dorey (3.0), Cop- 
per Red (4.0) and Rotuneli 
(5.0) are my other principal 

Having recently run so well 
in the Firth of Gyde Stakes at 
Ayr where she was beaten only 
two lengths by Linda's Magic, 
and that after having anything 
but a good run. So Kind 
should benefit from a drop in 
class in the Carlton Maiden 
Fifties’ Stakes. 

Chinoiserie (right), seen here beating Sweet Mover in the Extel Stakes, returns to Goodwood for the Foundation 

Eddery works hard on Native Dresf^ 

Blinkered first time 

GOODWOOD: 2J0 Bold todian. 3J> Kafen 
Sunrise. AS) Moore Brass. 
NOTTMGHAM: 230 Cirtnry. Lily s Dou- 

ua. &0 HUMand Laird. 


• Kim Bailey, the Berkshire 
trainer, made the long trip to 
Carlisle pay off yesterday with a 
double from Stubbs Daughter 
and Mr Frisk, it was Bailey’s 
first visit to the Cumbrian 

Pat Eddery, who brought up 
bis 160th winner for the season 
with a double at Ascot on 
Saturday, continued in top form 
at Goodwood yesterday, taking 
the first race, the Hat Hill 
Maiden Stakes, on Native 

But the leading jockey had to 
work hard to get the 7-4 
favourite home in a triple photo 

Eddery had Native Dress in 
the front rank right from the 
start and seemed to have the 
situation under complete con- 
trol as he took a dear advantage 
just inside the two furlong 
marker, but suddenly they all 
began to close again in the last 
100 yards, and at the post 


103(12} (MM32 TMESFORM (CQ£F) (Mrs J Rytey) B Hal 9-10-0 . 

BW*at(4) 88 7-3 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Cramming. 

2.30 Nomrood. 

3.0 Harlestone Lake. 

3.30 Sunny Match. 

4.0 Tartufie. 

4.30 Gilbeno. 

5.0 Paleface. 


By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
• 2.0 Cramming. 

2.30 Kusuma. 

3.0 Son Streak. 

4.0 Able SainL 

4.30 GeblitzL 

5.0 Paleface. 

Guide to our new riHtoe naert Je 
and racacard number. Draw In brackets. _ 
form (National Hunt Shipped up. Brought dow . 
R-refusad. P-pu«od up.F-tefl. U-unseated rider). B- 
bttnkers. V-voor. H-hood. C-course wmnar. D- 

tirsoncB winner. CD-course and distance winner. 
6F -beaten favourite in West race. Owner in brack- 
ets. Trainer. Age end weight Baler ptos any allow- 
ance. The Times private handicap rating. 
Ap prox im a te stoni ng price. 

&30 JOURNAL PORTSMOUTH HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3.145: 7f) (11 runners) 

Michael Seely's selection: Samarid. 


Going: good Draw: high numbers best 

2.0 GEORGE TODD APPRENTICE HANDICAP (£2£26: 1m 21) (24 runners) 

I A Jarvis 3-9-7 SMaacocfc(12> 


8 ( 10 ) 
10 (1) 
12 ( 2 ) 

s "3 

17 ® 


) 010120 COOKES USAJD(P Locks] G Harwood 9-7. 

0221 USFAN USA (Prmco A FeeaJ) D DlrtOp 9-3— 

202300 IYAMSIO USA (Mrs M Cashmonl W Ha$W 
3-01400 BURH AAIN (D) (H AMAafctean) P Walwyn 

000312 Hxa£r Igc rapC NnSffi D (Lon) UcAttmo)? Cundafl 8-0 N 

□ Survey 

Pat Eddery 

R Lines 

P Cook 

_ AMcQone 

002-00 MOURADAMA (Denstoy Wood Raerin) D Bsworth 7-12.— 
002002 SUNNY MATCH (Mrs HMactortanrttCourel 7-10.. 


411200 MISTER MARCH (T Blake) R Hutctwoon 7-8— 
0-20020 snzCARRALDO SB (P Davies) R Hannan 7-7. 
000300 UGHTNWG WIND (A ScWT) M Usher 7-7 

98 3-1 
93 7-2 
96 10-1 


91 — 

96 S3 

98 — 

C Rutter (3) *99 5-1 

G F rench 96 — 

.SDawsaa 97 — 

R Stoat 92 — 


8 (1 l 6) 
10 (23) 

12 (24) 

13 (3) 

14 (2) 
IB (19) 
21 ( 20 ) 
2d (17) 

26 (5) 

27 (9) 

30 ID 

31 (131 

32 (6) 

34 (14) 

35 (T1) 

311312 SPRING FLIGHT (D. BF) (Mrs JI 
0-14040 REDDEN D (J HaneyeeQ) M Bolton I 

431 HAMPER (Mrs M McCaknont) W Hastings-Bass 3-9-6. 

000-000 BIG PAL D (Ms G Harwood) G Hanvood 11-0-6 SH 

000000- FOCHE D (B Doody) J Webber 06-5 Cl 

302301 CRAMMING D (Mrs C Perkins) W Musson 3-0-4 (4ex) 

020000 6H8N t*RO (B) (P Savfl) R Shaattwr 4-9-3— 

030442 TOM FORRESTER (P Jutxsl) P Mrtchefl 5-9-2 

410-000 ELECTROPET (D Edwards) A Ingham 4-8-13 

344300 DOLLY (J Bird) A Moora 4-8-11 

030404 DANCING BARRON (V<0)(E Gadsden) LCoOraO 5 

0-02304 CARVEHY (T Warner) A tide 3-6-7 

032400 SKYBOOT (Mrs BRcMnsonJE Carter 7-8-7 
030020 FORGIVING (SPS Limited) 8 Stevens 4-8-8. 

0-00001 KTTTY CLARE D (Mrs C Miler) M Tompkins 3*5 
340000 COSMC FLIGHT (E Paste) M Usher 3-8-4 
00-0020 NO BOLDER (B Ryan) R Hannon 3-B-3 _ 

00-0200 CHEERFUL TIMES (B Cousns) K ivory 3-8-2 

39 (7) Q/440-00 POLYNOR FF (MRyan) M Ryan 5-7-13 

40 (iS) 030423 MINUS MAN (D,BF) (Whitting Cammed 

41 (8) 0000 MORGIANAIMrsD" 

42 (21) 

44 (18) 

48 (12) 

00/000- SCARLET! 



(RSa*ery)R Holder 37-7. 

pnnu Maiden IYAMSXI had no run in Bth behind Downsvtew Iasi : Bma eartisr (B-lO| »il 3ns to Pto- 
PUniVl strtne fB-iO)atSandown(7f. £3522. good P firm. June 13. 13 ran), tf aa pp on ang BURHAAIN f8 

at Brighton when beaten^/ 

y.l from St ou n g u a rd (7-7) 
a. had sartor (9-0) |ust 

8) beck in 7ft. HIGHLY R&OMBBED (8-1 2) faftd by ftl to defy a ilOto. , 

Hetawe (9-5) (Of, firm. Sept IB). Hts win came el Hampton (7-7) by a comfortable . 

£2981 . good . Seat 5. iSranL COOKES, (*-7)we«uched and dsappohtanq Defend there. had eartor 
got tf* better oluSF AN (8?) to Fokestorw (71. £959. good to fton. Aug 
^ neat time (9-0) beto Mertmocm (3D) 2H l m a Yorvmaiden (M. £3S». good. Sept 4. 9ran). 

has not shown his best tte season to two outings (im 351 end Wh tjnuhedjwt gar a i»l 2n d (9^ to 

easy wmn» Primary (90) at LingfleM (71X1928, good to firm. Oct 28. UrartLSUNMr MATCH Iran hwlwt race 
when (7-10)41 2nd to Eastern House (7-13) here last tana (7f. £3993, good to firm. Sept 13. 5 ran). 

igong the nght way 

10 . 

Stoi c Pa n: 

4 Ji LIMEKILN STAKES (2-Y-O: £7,643: 7f) (5 runners) 

Commodbas) W Holden 87-13 
W Musson 3-7-13 
) G BaJdfcig B-7-1 1 
M Sanshart 4-7-8 

213 ABLE SAMT (IN C Li) R Armstrong 94) 

01 TAHTUFFE(D)(OSaxDy)G Harwood 813... 



SCaatiran 94 2-1 
. G Starkey *99 11-8 
Pat Eddery 74 5-1 
B Thomson 12-1 

B House 16-1 

FORM ery at Newbury (7f( 

with comfortable 1 Kl ! 

ABLE SAMT, a 6f Ungfieid winner, ootod not quiefcen 1 f out when 4%l 3rd to Orient Una to m*s- 
71 60yds. i" “ “ ' 

ilSaSstxiry detest o( Tertiary 
out ollvst 9 last time, led tor OMr 41 wtwn SKI 40 

. £4344. good. Sept 19. 13 ran).TARTUFFE (9-0) brefca course record 
try Zone (9-0) (71. £ 

PHPM SPRING FLIGHT was a dose 2nd to Keepcalm b3t time: prewousty p-a «nn an i . . _ 
r\JT\m handicap rrom Rustling (8-2) 8tKei>tolon(lm If. £2083. good to firm. Sept 6. 21 ran) with PRM- 
ROSE WAY (7-5). OOU-Y (8-3) Biid POLYNOB p-B) to weB down 8» fitod. HAMPBI ^-1) is certaMy going toe 
right way judged on a length win o*er Highest Peak (M) at Rtoon 11m If, Apprentice. £1143. soft. Aug 30. 
rani- CHAMtflNG (8-0 ) ifw*e ned dear to beat Per - " 

13. 9 ran). TOM FORRESTBt (8-13) a length 2nd to 
) to Rap dan f 

22. 7 ran). 

g a l a cV oi r TAHTUFFE 

. .. £1194. firm. Sept 11. 13 ran) . MOOR E BRASS, 
til to Gengig(S-6) on New marV at debut (6». £3399. good. Aug 

TOutan _ — 

Dunlop 1 

0 GOLD MMORIES (E BertiWd) P Mllchai 3-11 — 

SCanlhan 70 
PatEddery *99 

GT - 




2J0 FOUNDATION STAKES (£7,661: 1m 2f) (7 runners) 

0/02300 BOLD MOWN ffl) (S* P Oppenheimer) G Wtogg 5-9-0. 

0-00012 KURJMA N, D) (B Hamoub) G HuHer 4-94). 

12-1200 NOWnOO (F Sahnan) P Oote 38-13. 

001113 BOON POINT (N Avery) J Dunlop 38-1 

04)1010 SAMARID (HHAga Khan) M Stouts 3*0 WRSwtobnm *9911-2 

211221 CHtNOtSERIE (C-D) I! AUan) L Cianani 388 R Coc h r a ne 92 »4 

130-32 RACKSTRAW (K Abdulla) G Hits 388 BThomson 9110-1 





( 6 ) 


( 3 ) 

00 LORD OF CANEWbON (D BwilA Moore 8-11 
SAXON MBICB. (Mrs J Lloyd) P Makin 8-11- 

00 SAY Y OU (TSenagran) Pat totcbetl 8-11 

00 SPITZASrr (Mrs GReed) Pat MtdwO 8-11 — 
030 ACT OF TREASON (BF) (T Smith) D Laing B45 
CASnUJTO (J Duniqp) J Dutiop 88 

G Starkey — 

. J Raid 8S 10-1 

79 4-1 

r oft Hie track as he showed 

„ . , , , . , £17248, goodto firm. 23 ran). 

KURJMA (8-13) came lata and fast, only to tail by a neck to catch My Generation (88) at Leopardstown (1m It 
Group 3. iREii.610. firm. Sept 20. 8 ran). SAMARID (94J), who had previously dead-heated with Esdaie at 
Windsor (lm2f). was v .l hack w 5th. NOMROOD comas after a break! 

CriRM BOLD INDIAN a Frankfurt 5th last time, rattens Iris abifity attar 8 year i 
rwnm /95) when hi 2nd to Famw» Waft (9-11) at Kempion in May 

KURJMA (8-13) came lata and fast, arty to tal a reck to catch My Generation (84 

lad previously de 

eak snce nmnmg poorly in Franca to July, 
over what may be his op t i mu m tro (1m 21 
d tostep up to dass successfuity when (843 
l .good to firm. Sept 17. 6 ran). CMNttSERE (8-1 1) won the Extel 
Mover (8-4); he writ need to improve (E207t3. firm. Aug 1.13 ran). 
1 to Ininsky (88) here and wiB appreciate the extra quarter mfle (81. 

had run IX 3r d to Su san Henchard (8-8) at WNvndt (St. £919. good. Aug 25. 17 ran). 
Selection: GfLBERTO 

5.0 KINRARA NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £3.052: 1m) (10 runners) 

oarlwr (9-01 1 V.-l 2nd to Shaleastani (9-01 to York’s Dame Stakes 
Group 2. £80454, good. May 14. 7 ran). BOON POINT narrowly felled tostep up « 
2 , .l3raioSanWui8-3)aiAyr(1tn31.£1< 

. . . . 0571. 

over course and distance by ’.jl from Sweet __ .. _ 

RACKSTRAW (8-9) stuck on weu to be a 2nd to Ininsky (88) here and tott 
£3922. good to firm, Sept 12. 4 ran). 

Selection: SOLO INDIAN 

3-0 AJAX ENGINEERING INSURANCE HANDICAP (£3,115: 2m 3f) (13 runners) 



f Si 

8 (ir 



13 (81 

14 (2) 



322123 PALEFACE (BR (Mrs S Rudolf) L Plggott 9-7 Pet Eddery 91 84 

0010 Ml CORMAN (S German Ltd) M Btansherd 9-3 J Reid 1811-2 

0004 MANDALAY PRINCE (D Huruesett) 0 Moriay 8-9 SCarthea 9214-1 

411400 GREY VKXFTK3BI (Mrs BNonnan)R Hannon 88 P Cook *99 — 

032F20 MORNING FLOWER (J Honfingl R J WUams 84 H Cochrane 95 7-2 

44140 TAKE A HINT (P Nelson) M Fotnereajn-Gocflay S-2 C Rutter (3) 98 3-1 

404102 MENDtP STAR <B) (Mr* B Oaves) R Haider 7-9 S Orman 98 8-1 

004400 castle ctNMET (intragroup Hokfeigs Lei) R Hannon 7-8 G France 95 — 

0000 PEROY (R LambJC Bonstead 7-7 N / 

0000 HARTS LANE (P WWams) P MMchel 7-7 Gi 

1 HD 

2 U) 

3 t 7) 
6 (61 

7 (ID 

8 <9i 

10 (SI 

11 !31 

12 (1) 
16 (10| 
17 (8) 
19 (2) 

1110(03 BRtGHTNEH (K AbddUa)G Harwood 5-104). 
113002 WITHY BANK (L Smitn) M H ESSteby 4-9-3_ 

210100 ACCIHtACY (C-D) (Miss P Swire) G Baking 5-6-13 
HARLESTONE LAKE (J Ourtop) J Dunlop 

10 _ 


000-221 DETROIT SAM (BF) (A 
212441 ACTINIUM (F Salman) P Cote 

3103/00 COffTESTER (P WtnfkJtf) P 6-8-8 

202023 1 FLEETING KNIGHT (P Wmftetd) p Qmdefl 6-8-0 — 

000-404 AUK) MNG FF (Mrs V Langford) D Oughton 5-8-2. 

I Starkey 
. A Shouits (5) 

j \ — 

Pai Eddery 

R Akenurst S-8-9 R Coctesne 


031/000 (TAUAN^H 

020130 SimSTIUETM 


NG FF {Mrs V Langlord) D Oil 
SUNRISE (V) (N Capon) DOv 
IEET W Hil) C Bnttam 4-7-10. 

DOugtrton 6-7-10. 


. B Rouse 
P Cook 

98 5-6 
97 5-1 
95 11-4 

95 8-1 

96 7-2 

Front-runner PALEFACE (9-7) could find no extra Inside final furlong when 1 Kl 3rd » Roumefi 
n. £2429. good to Ann. Sept 9. 15 ran). MR CORMAN, out-paced on first run 

FORM (7-7) at Pontefract (1m. . . _ . . 

in nursery eonpam. (9-0) tailed to gets dear nai at Chester txit got home by a neck from WHowbank (8-11) (7T, 
»d losoft. Aug 29. 9 ran). GREY WOLFT1GER wM bg&pv since 31 4tfi (8-10) to Pee D'Enchere (9- 
‘ “ l in a safer ean be discounted 

22 (13) 00/0002- RIG STEEL (R RobtwiS) P Cwnta* 

R Holder 8-7-8. 



■ SOewson 
- G French 

96 — 

£1781. good fospft. Aug 29. 9 ran). GREY WOLFT1GER emM below par since 31 4t 
0) here (51. £4032, good! to Ifrm. July 31 . 8 ran). MORNING FLOWBTSpocr eftori 
as te was tampered; prevxxjsiy (9-3) toiled bye head to catch Trynova (8-9) to c 
£3162. good. Augi8. 20 ran). CASTLE CORNET (8-12) 

them today. MEffctP STAR fas Improved « bBnkera a . 

£2687. good to firm. Sept 22. 13 ran). MANDALAY PRINCE (9-6) mprovad to finish 1^41 further away m 

S e l ectio n : MORNING HJWER 

Trynova (8-9) m darning race at Laieestar (71. 
. _ il 8wa y 4th and there shoid be ktOe between 
and last time (88) ran Our Pet (7-13) to 2J at Bath (1m 

I. good. 

today accuracy needs some ^ve and nas done httte since (9-1) matang a>» beat Tugboat (7-12) 121 over 
course and distance tn May (2m 31. £4026. SO IT ' J ‘ ~ ‘ ' 

Course specialists 

corse and distance m May (2m 31. £4026. sofn. ALOO KING, (8-9) 31 away 4th of the il runners that day. 
harlestone LAKE (9-4) beat Tugboat (8-7) ia at Ostend (2m 41. E6901, good to so ft. Aug 31. 14 ran). The 
consistent ACTINIUM has yet to fry tfss trip but runs as if rt should sue fast tme (1 1-9) took a Chepstow 
.... 1 fun (9-13) (2m.CZS4CI. " ‘ 


Amoieur event 
weights and 

m by M from Tun (9-13) (2m. £2540. soft. Aug 26. Bran). BALLET CHAMP is dropping down the 
(8-0) snl gomg on at the finish when 2UI 4th CO Pactolus (9-7) at Wdwrhamplim&t If, £4721. 

good n firm. Sept 15. 14 ran). 







- 67 


G Btarttay 




G Harwood 




Pal Eddery 




M Stouts 




S Cauthan 





n AnTiSUvfiQ 























4*0 TRENT AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: £2£81: 6f) (10 runners) 

By Mandarin 
2.50 Miss Pisa. 

5.0 John Dorey. 

3.30 SO KIND (nap). 

4.0 Copper Red. 

4.30 Stclby. 

5.0 Roumeli. 


By Our Newmarkei Correspondent 

3.0 Real Moonshine. 

3.30 Jans Comessa. 

4.0 General Meilland. 

4.30 Ali Smith. 

5.0 Roumeli, 




i ^ 

35 (21 
42 (5) 

13430 FLAXLEY 
003200 FOURWi 


'AlX C-0 (W FOuracres) Mre N Macadey 98., 

I Reakes) R HoBnshead 98. 


323122 COPPER RED (R Maichant) P Mskln 9-2 
000001 P1LGRM PRINCE D(CCyzsr)M Usher 9-1 

e «2 

S Perks *99 


0 Bli.Y CONNOLLY (W Joyce) MBrittasi 8-11 

2 BRMUR (Mrs M Habeas) J W Watts 8-11 

G GENERAL IdiAWlM Fustok) L Plggott 8-11__ 



000000 YOUNG CENTURION (V) (T Marshall) I 
000 GLAMtSGUILU Mchetoen) K Brasse 
D POWER OF LOVE (C Booth) C Booth I 

l Usher 8-11, 

W Canon 

D McKay 

77 8-1 
72 8-1 
76 — 
91 11-2 
95 3-1 
69 — 
74 10-1 
80 — 

4.30 E B F STAUNTON MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O C & & £963: 5f) (13 runners) 


By Michael Seely 

3.0 John Dorey. 5.0 ROUMELI (nap). 

Going: firm Draw: 5f-6f high numbers best 

2.30 SIBTHORPE SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £1.120: 1m 50yd) (13 runners) 

1 (61 
l IU 
9 111) 

20 (7) 
22 (13) 

33 (2) 

34 (10) 
30 f9) 

32 15) 

33 (I2f 
H (3) 
36 (4) 

ACERTAMHTT (Mrs S McDonald) S Bownog 8-11 . 
00 NWX STAR (Mrs JMactoejW Mack* 8-11. 

00 NQ CONCERN (Or D Daws) MDtanshaid 8-11 

00 SAMraEKi IP Hume) RHonnshead 8-11 


CORFIN LASS (B}(J Ryan) CTtfriaw 88 


C Dwyer — — 
l Cartels 




!1 (91 


( 2 ) 


( 6 ) 

2340 ALI SMITH (Mrs G Boss) R Boss 9-0. 
ARAMORK Mercer) G KutterP- 0 

91 114 

30 B. 


K) (P Deal) H Candy 
GALLOIS (J Addam) 


G Carter 

C Booth 98 — 

WNewnes 80 7-2 

00 GARCON NOR (R BaH) D Moorhead 98 S Webster 



\ (Lt-Col C HlB-WOoin W Jsws 98- __ .. . 

000 GREAT STANDS BY (Mrs V Guriev) C Vemon-Mflor98 

0000 METROMAN (B) (M Marshal) W Made 98 — 

70 — 


S Perks 

54 10-1 
82 — 

20 02 } 
2d (7) 

_ , . . . KDariey 

MONT ARTHUfijl Matthews) I Matthews 98 C Dwyer 

44404 OUR FREDDIE (T AMs) A Ingham 98. HCmm 

204000 PERTAIN (BUG Duke) WVrfScn 98 W Careen 

000004 TOUCH 

242003 Sm&r iySassie} o Brat M6A 98.- J 

(B) [K Feeder) R HoHnahead 98^. 

68 8-1 
67 10-1 
• 99 5-2 
80 8-1 

■ Aramor wlti ortf ran II there is omm|0ft raht 


000003 CREOLE BAY (J Ryan) T Farhurst 88.. 

00 CULJNAHY (B) (J Smitn) s Norton 88 

000 ULLrS DOUBLE (B)(E Parker) CTrktar 58. 

992 MA3CA1LS DREAM (Mesctes Stud Farm Lffl)P Makm 88. 

038430 MISS PISA <Un DBotrertft w Wharton 88 

^ P* 

— ... Tlves 
J Weed (7) 

96 7 -a 

92 6-1 
— 10-1 

5 JO FOSTON NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1 332: 1m 50yd) (12 runners) 



040 tUTKftS ROSE (Natan Wets Racing Co LM) R SM*» B&l H Brown (5) 00 
00000 WILLY'S NIECE (Mrs S Lyngm) A Potts 88 SWritater 

*99 7-4 
— 8-1 

3.0 NOTTINGHAM GOOSE FAIR HANDICAP (3-Y-O: E2.010: 1m 6fi (6 runners) 







432221 SHAH'S CHOICE (Lord Grananll J Durtop 9-12 WCaraen 90 

40-111 JOHN DOREY IMrs V Bourne) M Prescott 98 (5ex) GDufSeM *99 


04000 REAL MOONSHINE (Brook Bioodsiock «c) A Stewart 98 -M Roberta 

0000 LA 91ANDE DARK (H Gover) K Brassey 8-10 S«l 

040000 LOST OPPOimJNTTYJStiotoi Mohamad AJ Sabah) j Berne* 8-9 w 
0-00200 RIVER GAMBLER (R Sangaer) J SucMfe 88 M 


95 8-1 
89 16-1 
S3 16-1 
S3 4.1 



23 (1) 
28 (11) 
X (3) 

( 12 ) 



0300 SUP DANCER (J Palmer-Brown) L Piggott 9-7 

01020 SPOTTER (Bn (Lord Rothenncx) W Hem 84 

000 ABIDJAN (N Bohema) J Speanng 8-13 

020020 MUBMR (HWXJan AiMafctwm } P WNwjm B-)2_ 

T Ives 
. W Cenon 

IM tit..— .. 


N Howe 


M Roberts 



89 8-1 
88 7-2 
96 12-1 

020003 C0MM0N9DH GIPSY (L M») OBrtaman 8-10 J 

4300 LUKMARE (Mrs J Khan) C Bnttam 8-4 i _ . 

230312 ROUBCU (Mis H Cambaras) John FitzGerald 88 „RMBi *99 11-4 

000 HlGMJtMLAM}fB)(DikJirtsetr)DMoriey88 Rtftieai — — 

234002 AVINASESH (Mrs CTnWer) C Tinhler S3 M Wood 84 8-1 

30000 LOfilA BREEZE fftokhtoe Lid) PKelewey 7-13 

00001 AKHOnRl BAY [B Bates) L Holt 7-10 (10®*) 

33000 UNO’S PET (CWheNeOK Stone 7-7 


R Fo» 

-P Burke (7) 

97 — 
92 — 

Course specialists 

3J3D CARLTON MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (E2-Y-0: £1,120: 6f) (4 runners) 

4 (j) 04 DELPNMIMMMutawau Durtop 8-11 W Caraon 

6 13) 230 JANS CONTESSA (L James) R Boss B*i 1 — M HBa 

12 (2) 304 SO KIND (Mrs R Nurse) J W Wans 8-1 1 ... T Ives 

—IS (11 00220 TUFTY LADY (MraSHinoeJR Armstrong 8-11 PM 

80 9-2 
79 7-2 
► 99 T1-8 
97 5-2 



Winners Rimars 

Par Cant 

Wlnmra Runners 






G DufftaW 




W Hem 




W Carson 




J Dunlap 








R Armbong 












T liras 




P Walwyn 




S Perks 




Native Dress was victorious by 
only a neck. 

Native Dress bad run green 
on his debui here a fortnight ago 
and Eddery reported that the 
colt is still rather green and ran 
lazily once be struct the front. 

Native Dress was the 45th 
winner of the season for Ian 
Balding, and this took the 
Kingsctere trainer pas. the 
£2 50,000-mark in winning prize 

Rotherfidd Greys, medium of 
a morning gamble from 14-1 to 
7-1. made light of top weight in 
the Portsmouth Football club 
Handicap to land a nice touch 

Trained until seven weeks ago 
by Chris BelL who has since 
handed in bis licence. 

Rotherfield Greys was running 
for the first rime for the New- 
market trainer Tony Hide. 

When with Bell. Rotherfield 
Greys had struck up a fine 
partnership with the 71b-daimcr 
Jonathan Leech, who scored his 
first three victories all on this 
horse. Leech must have feared 
losing the mount when the 
gelding changed stables, bur 
Hide decided that as the 18- 
y car-o Id had ridden him so well 
in the past he should keep the 

Leech justified the decision by 
producing Rotherfield Greys to 
strike the front just inside the 
final furlong and scored by half a 

favourite for the Mead Woman? 
Jubilee Handicap, had nnl££oej 
behind him as the field turned j 
into the straight and. although , 

he gamely did his hest_to peg ' 
them all back, Aiich N'“ 

length from Bonny Light-. 
■ Doc 

)ocksider. the 100-30 

i'Bee was 

still in from at the post. 

Yesterday's ground was 
appreciably faster than when 

Dockside r won at Chepstow last 
month and a mile on this fast 
course looked a bit short for 

After Pounelta had set a fast 
pace. Aitch N’Bec and Floating 
Asset came through to dispute 
the lead at the three -furiong 
marker. With Willie Carson in 
his typical hard driving style, 
Aitch N'Bcc gradually asserted* 




T Barron 58-13- -.—7 

Bnttan 4-8-13 (lOex) A Bnm 

Strath biane. 
Gaelic Lover. 


By Mandarin 

2.(5 Ripe Christina. 2.45 

3.15 Beechwood Cottage. 3.45 

4.15 Collyweston. 4.4S nwr Star Thrust. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Ripe Christina. 2.45 JuvenileddinquenL 

3.15 Bcachwood Cottage. 3.45 War Child. 

4.15 Colly Weston. 

a SIS ^ 

i Bafey 3-8-11 — P 

Btoonfiald 14 

18 0004 MADEMOISELLE MAGMA (D)S Norton 3-88 JLma 13 

17 0004 HARMONY BOWL fflM Jana 388 TUsaatt 

19 0343 menuLOmmsmat^e astra* u 

20 0-00 FREE CLARE M Praseoti 388 CNotiHl 

23 4000 MQNINS1CY (BJMN Bwioft 58-4 PRo«wwS 

24 0343 HENRYS VENTURE (C-O)DCtiapnian *83 Aftoudlj 

28 0000 TOOT8K ROLL (B) J Payna 3-7-11 AHacteyJg 

30 0003 WNG COLE »*s G Briatay 4-7-7- JthMaffjl 

31 4000 OFF YOUR MARX GCMrtit 87-7. LChanwill 

32 0000 TRADESMAN «£) J IWtiarw B-7-7 — J 

35 480 ITS HEAVSf Mas Z Own 87-7 —IS 


Going: good 

Draw: middle to high numbers best 

81 Duffer’s Dancer. 81 Harmony Bow*. Throne Of Gtoy. 
Beectiwoad Canags. 7-1 Ktog Cafe. 81 Henry's Ventura. 

Y-O: £812: 60 (13 runners) 

3 2340 BLAZE OF GOLD E Alston 811 TMnt 

3.45 REDERECH SELUNG STAKES (2-Y-O: £854: 4\ 
1m 40yd) (6) 

3 2 GAELIC LOVER C Tetter 811 

6 0400 RPSTER R Sfaibbs 8-1 1 

00 OOUTMOMiKZ Green 811 
FRERKWW Bsey811 

00 FOWL PLAY I MatDwws 8-11 

044 KAYGATE PARK MRyan 811 
00 IRBIIC M Jaiva 811 

432 JUST KALA P Wakryn 811 

A J Jefferson 811 


003 MEADOWBANK M W Odonson 811 
00 OAK FIELD JHaklanc 81 1-__— . 

22 3342 RPECHMSTMA ABaiey 811 

25 4 RUN UTTLE LADY (BF)H (tec* 811 

9 3000 U-8IX COPY J 3 Wtaon 811 


IS 0 UTTLE LAW B RjchmonO 88 

M Brick 3 




A Prawn 


D Nichols 13 

a a*ga< 5 

P Dfooamaa m 
W Ryan5 

9-4 Rira Little Lady. 81 Just Kala. 82 MeadoMbank. 81 
Ripe Christina. 81 Haygate Park. 181 Dark winter. 12-1 frente. 

19 0300 WAR CHKD P Hasten 88 TWNaraiZ 

11-8 Gaefic Low. 81 War Child. 7-2 Carte Kefy. 
181 U-Bix Copy, 12-1 Renter. 181 Littia Law. 


1m II) (8) 

1 3030 BUSTED FLAVOUR W Jarvis 580 T Loess 2 

2 4432 TOEYARN0NS Norton 4-8-9 JLewei 

3 4002 PORO BOY C N WMama 387 G Baxter 1 

4 0121 COU.rWEST0NMPnscoir38« CNniMr4 

5 -000 NffKNOWES(B}R AJan 884 A Mackey 5 

I 332OO0OOPTM3M FLAMED.,, lbs J Ramadan 3-80 

— 7 

9 0000 SCmnLLATORC Booth 87-13 

10 0000 TORRIGGIAE toon 87-13 



HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2,004: 61) (10) 

1 1013 5TRATHBLA»« 0) J Dufeop 9-7 

2 1000 LUC1ANAGA (D)> WWwyn 813 

3 3040 BRUTUS J SWIISOn 88. 

84 Goffnrastoa 7-2 Optimism RamedL 4-7 Pom Bon. 

NURSERY 11-2 Busted Ftavwr. 181 Treyamon. 181 Nipknawss. 

. PRobkncm2 
Part Eddwy j 
J LoweS 


5 3100 DUWJN (CP)S Morion 33 _ f 

6 4400 JUVEMtaaiNQUENTlC) A Btoay 81 , TWBteras I 

8 OOOO GRH»fSGALIJBnrGBhim7-11-- LOwnock l 

13 0000 WHSTUNG WOfOER M Brtttam 7-7 A Proud 10 

lfl 2130 FIVE SIXES T Cran7-7 — J 

17 0402 BOLD HPEAWAY (B3F) R Sheatiiar 7-7 — — 3 

22 0000 ROS LOUBET J PaynB 7-7 AMacfcay9 

11^ Slrethbtone, 10830 Urin na ga , 81 Five Sixes. 81 

HANDICAP (£1,402: 1m 51) (8) 


5 0232 POUR STAR' 

11 3003 7M EXCEPTIONAL R Holfenstwad 487 W Ryan 2 

12 0000 ISMOIARA Mrs G RBWiey 486 PRobkHon4 

13 2200 PERFECT DOUBLE W Pearce 588 — NComoRonO 

~ DMchtes5 


I Durtop 48-7 J Lowe 7 

3 THRUST RWMakar 488. DMcKeownl 

14 0000 APPLE WtifE fl») D Chapman 986„ 

18 0300 JMUAPA (V) E tnesa W-12 

19 3000 BOREHAM OWN N Bycrofl 7-78 — 

DunSn, 81 Bold Hideaway. 181 Ji 

I Bycrofl 7-78 LOwnock 3 

2-1 Four Star Throat, 84 Uanore. 82 I'm Exceptional. 
81 Perfect Double. 12-t (shkhara. J^gapa. 20-1 othars. 


(£2,122: 6f) (20) 

2 2304 THRONE OF GLORY (TMD Chapman 898 DMeholtel9 

3 0100 TANRNICOIT Crab 886 —0 

5 -ooo SECUtnr PACmCu CNvert38-7 A Mercer 20 

8 1341 BUFFER'S DANCER (CJJ) W Pearce *8-13 

NCooporton 17 

9 0000 NO CREDBBJTY B Richmond 4813__». TMBans4 

Course specialists 

TRANdtSAl Prescott. 23 winners from 103 runners. 23J%;M 
Jarvis. 6 from 28. 21.4%; P Hastam, 22 from 105. 218%: J W 
YYata. 13 from 7t. 1BJV Mrs Q Revetey. 8 Iroro 50. IBJRk S 
Norton. 23 from 152, 15.1%. 

JOCKEYS; Paul Eddery. 7 winners from 37 rides. 1R9%; J Lowe. 

Ides. 14.2V M Birch. 21 from 1B7. 112%: L 

43 from 302 rides. _ ^ _ . . . „ 

Chamock. 18 from 172. 10JV D MchoHe, 21 from 201, 1G4S N 
Comortor, 9 from 88, 102%. 


6 008 DUN WATER A PofIS 81811 
8 008 HEa RAISa J Thorpe 7-10-11 
11 08 READ ALL ABOUT IT W A Stephenson 81811 

Mbs R Judge (7) 

KGraenP) . 

181811 _ 


By Mandarin 

2.15 Starwood. 2.45 Firmament. 3.J5 Smart In 
Black. 3.45 Macusla. 4.15 Mossy. Cones. 
4.45 Gowan House. 5.15 Bishopdale. 


13 P08 HOYALCAWJT MiS SWaiO 8181 1 -- P«M»fi» 
18 BSE HATTIE P Beeixnort 8186 tese A Btewaort 

20 HATSU89HE R SwterS 8108 JC^oroe 

210080 WRANGER Johnson 8108 K Jehnww 

22 281 MACUSLA R Hawkey 8108 AWm» 

84 Border Perl. 10830 Read./a Abtori I «. MbcusM, 92 

Going: firm 

2.15 EASINGTON NOVICE HURDLE (£662: 2m) (11 

1 981 MOOMDW HCDK Sto ne 8TM A stringer 

2 RH> AWATtONSUWQRTJ Wade 81811 RLamb 

5 00/0 DOUBLE UNEW A Stephenson 81811 DCoedati 

Changed Person. 81 Babe Hattie, 181 

4.15 SAM BERRY NOVICE CHASE (£832: ftn 
600yd) (7) 

1 2221 MOSSY CONES W A Stephenson 7-11-1 BL»& 

2 3013 PAMffNA (C) Mrs G Revetey 81810. P 


IV Hall 8188. 


Mr A Otiney 


PERFECT GLH1 Deny* Smith 81811 

C Grant 

8 080 RUSHYFORDVTTwr?«on 81811 Mr N Thompson (8 

9 008 TOP 0*nfLANE N ftferoft 81811 PTtadr 

12 038 GfiLANBONE Mrs MKendto 4-1810- MraMKemM 

STARWOOD C r«der 4-1810 . 

I Dwyer 


15 082 WSL INFORMED (W)CJBNI 81810 S Ernie (4) 

17 LUSH PATH Alt Wesson 4-185 — — __ REamahew 

19 3 SKB9E SPARK M Camacho 4-10-5 JJCterim 

11-4 Moondavm, 81 Shame Spar*. 81 Well Informed, 81 

6 ’ SEALED OFFER P Beaumont 8188- 

7 P84 SWEET STREAM V Thompson 7-10-8 


10 P-CP CRESTACR0SSETTEC*ne8l83 — r— — 

11-8 Mossy Cones. 81 Pamrina, 81 Sweet Stream, 81 
Sealed Offer, 10-1 Four Of Each, 181 Prince Menem**. 

■-i » ■ 

Perfect Glea 81 DoutXe Line. 181 Starwood. 

(£1,609: 2m) (4) 

1 P88 RSiTAGHOST t8D)T Barren 812-7- 

, GHatkern 

2 34-3 RIVERS BXSE }£SI oSSsBaAi V&d-r-si:?!"* 

2.45 LUDWORTH SELUNG HURDLE (£542: 2m) (6) 

2 RWJ DOMANUS V Thompson 811-13 — Mr M Thompson (4) 
F/ BRMAMBjT Mrs CPpMieglwa ta 811-13 M Dwyer 

4 -202 MONSANTO LAD H Reman 811-13 M Popper 

5 00)10 PALLETAIT ffl) N Wmpon 6-1 1-13 REantenw 

10 FRANPIE Hn wjSmffi 810* S Turner (7) 

11 00 HQUDAY MU. D Moffett 8104. 

. KTe 

4 -221 GOWAN HOUSE (C-Q)W A Stephenson 7-11-8 ^te)^ 
ff 842 HENDEtn-A (B)(C4))P Courage 18183— A StoBQtf 

84 Gowan House. 82 Rivers Edge. 81 MendeBta. 81 

(£718: 2m) (8) 


1811 Monsanto Lad. 81 Domwrns. 81 Holiday MN, 81 
Frantte Miss. 12-1 PaketsiL 181 Firmament 7 

2m 41) (5) 

4 831 TROHStOS 

5 12U1 SMART IN 


i Smflfi 812-0 (7ex) C Grant 

) G ftchards 812-0 (7ex) — — 

, - - ^JESIack81l-5« Mtea D Stack (7) 

8 008 GMMNGO FTawor 7-11-4, ... Mr A Orkney 

10 -fOO SPECIAL SETTLEMENT R Alan 5-188 SCharttoo 

4 BISHOPDALE w A Stephenson 811-6.. AMwrigwPI 
MCCORKLETS ROCK (NZ) R Champon 4-11-5 

TAKE TIME PCmjraqe 4-11-5 MtisKThowp*" 



COUNTESS OTOSSETTE Caine 4-1 1-0. MtaJDtilM 

DON'T DESPAIR J R Turner 81 14 JT 

0 HUA SAUCY V Han 4-1 1-0 MrVHM 

, _ Even$_ Trqmerps . 7-4 SMrtln M, 81 Frosty Touch, 18 
1 Special Settiement 181 Gtodango. 

, 813 Bishopdale. 81 McGoridey’s Rock. 81 Gypsy W 
Sure, 181 Take Tone. 181 Hua Saucy. 181 others. 

£720: 2m 4f) (12) ^ 

Course specialists 

01 BORDER PERIL flp) Mbs M Bell 811-6. 

Rim PUMe M8I1. 

4 -faa CHANGED PERSON J Wade 81811. 

5 -OOP DEATON HNGJ Thorpe 7-1811 


tf A 

. JFamwnyj 


» from 171, 15.B%: G Rtohente. 14 from BS.' 14 
MSSgiVMlmtM, 13.7%. lOnly lour quaMtois). „ _ 
jpCKEYS: R Lamb 29 winners from 160 ndas. 18.1% C 
GrantJE hom 1M.16J%: S Chariton. 12 from 103. 11.7* p 

Tuck. 13 from 138. 94%. (only four guaWtefa). 

Cochrane collects again 

as firsi jockey for Luca 
Cumani's Newmarket stable 
next season, was quickly on the 
mark at Nottingham yesterday, 
partnering G G Magic to a 5-1 
victory in the Alvcrton Selling 

The Newmarket jockey is 
enjoying the best season of his 
career and this was his 72nd 

The New Zealand jockey 
Brem Thomson, who is yet to 
decide where his future lies next 
season, had an armchair ride on 
Final T ry. who com fortably 
landed the odds of 1 1-8 on in the 
Ben ti nek Stakes. 

Sheikh Ahmed AJ Maktoum's 

American-bred colt, who was 
fifth in Goodwood's Extel 
Handicap, cruised up to Straw 
Boater at the wo furlong marker 
and quickly mastered die New- 
market filly, who had led prac- 
tically from the start. 

final Try beat Luca Cumani's 
charge by one and a half lengths, 
but did so on a tight rein as the 
pair raced home well clear of 
Soho Sue. 

final Try pulled a back 
musde early in the season, and 
pgravaied the injury in the 
Extel. “So we shall have to wait 
and see how he comes out of this 
race before making any further 
plans . said Mike Heaton-Ellis. 
one of John Dunlop's assistants. 

• Grand Tour.a 7-2 chance, 
maintained the fine run of 
Newmarket trainer Willie Has- 
tings-Bass. when battling to a 
head victory from Alpenhom in 
ihc Palmolive Maiden Two- 
Year-Old Slakes. 

Richard Lines, gaining his 
fifth winner of the season, rode a 
patient race on the winner- 
waiting until close home before 
bursting into the lead and then 
running on stoutly to resist 

Tom Hiscocks. the assistant 
irainer. said: "We. fended 
Grand Tour a lot today. He will 
make a really nice- threc-year- 
oia. i expect our principal 
rimner ai New», ■ 


... » u o Jew n»ari«t tbis wedf 
will be Storm Warning in the 
Rous Stakes." 






SIS consortium 
land contract 
for satellite 
racing service 

By Michael Seely 


A consortium, in which the 
four ««»»« booJonaldog firms 
have a 45. per cent stake, has 
landed the contract to supply 
televised racing by satellite to 
Britain's 10.000 betting shops. 

Six Peter Leng, the chairman 
of the Racecourse Association, 
which represents die country’s 
59 racecourses, said at a con- 
ference in London yesterday that 
the deal would be worth about 
£20m over a Eve-year period. 

The negotiations have taken a 
year and the competition from 
seven other groops has resulted 
in a fourfold increase in the 
money offered. 

The new company wfll be 
called Satellite Information Ser- 
vices and has been restructured 
from the bookmaker-backed 
Satellite Racing Development. 
The equity structure is as fol- 
lows: RCA 10 per cent. 
Horserace TotaQsator Board 5 
per cent, Bass PLC 10 per cent, 
Great Metropolitan PLC 10 per 
cent, Ladbrokes 15 per cent and 
Sears PLC 10 per cent. 

Bass; Great Metropolitan and 
Sears are the parent companies 
of Corals, Mecca, and William 
Hills, respectively. 

Independent investors are be- 
ing sought for the remaining 40 
per cent iff the shares. Bob 
Green, the chairman of Mecca, 
sa«fc “There are plenty of people 
wanting to come in.” 

Commenting on the new con- 
sortium, Sir Peter Leng said: “It 
is no secret that my board and 
many other sections of the 
racing and betting hidnstries, 
were concerned that such a vital 
communications link as satellite 
TV between the racecourses and 
the off-course betting offices 
should be controlled by the 
major bookmakers. We beBeve 
we have condnded an arrange- 
ment. which protects the long- 
term interests of the racing and 
betting industries in general and 
racecourses in partiariar.” 

Eight groups originally bid for 
the contract which eventually 
led to a weD-pnblidsed battle 
between the bookmakers con- 
sortium. beaded by Mecca's 
■ v"! ii5. chairman. Green, and Exchange 
•■■ •j.'cxamn Telegraph who have been 
supplying commentaries, betting 
■ - ei . shows and information from the 
*" ® ■ course since 1963. 

■.“.vnau Yesterday Kenneth Yi 
' s - ^ Evfel chairman said: 

, -■ si a. 


•; f 


■/ sat 

V- 8% 

*. ■§}§; 


■ :■ 

- .'** 

•- "• S-n! 


”• * i'** 

A ;!? 
•• . 

• ■ « - via? 

• ‘ i **• 


*' a. 

- IV: 

: 5! 3. 

. . 

, . . • S 1 Ii 

• j » 

. , ■ ^ ;» k 

Z! -i 

» , 
v t a 

are naturally disappointed to 
have lost the contract, but we are 
. not taking it lying down. There 
are several options open to ns 
and we have some fretting new 
developments we are presenting 
at next week's Bookmakers* 

A chairman and chief exec- 
utive, independent of racing 
interests, wfll he appointed to 
the new company, while the 
RCA win maintain a veto to 
safeguard' all aspects of horse 

Racing coverage is expected to 
beam early next year with 
Bristol, Brighton, Edinburgh, 
Colchester. Leeds and Cardiff 
being the first areas to come on 

SIS will be paying for the 
installation and charge those 
betting shops who want to take 
the service an annual fee ranging 
from £3300 for a single screen 
to £6300 for the foil 12-screen 

Starting prices will continue 
to be compiled independently by 
representatives of the Spot -tirng 
Life and Press Association, 
although SIS wiH have their own 
operators providing bet ' 

Allaying fears that the present 
arrangements might be threat- 
ened, Green commented: *T 
consider the SP sacrosanct, 
nothing will interfere with the 
present system.” 

The money is expected to be 
used to improve racecourse facil- 
ities and John Sanderson, who 
managed York and Thirsk, wel- 
comed the deaL “I think it will 
transform our finances,” he said. 
“It will give ns more freedom to 
spend and win dearly be felt by 
the middle to low range 
It is thought that 
win receive about 
3 % times more than they do 
from the present commentaries 
fond. This would ' mean tracks 
such as Catierick and Pontefract 
receiving in the region of 
£60,000 a year. Some of the 
bigger trades win benefit to the 
time of over £100,000 per 

The extra money received is 
expected to be spent initially on 
improving amenities on race- 
courses. both for the paying 
customers and also for visiting 
stable staff. 

*' ‘ a 
- :J 
• J-.I 

Yesterday’s results 


•- FSl*g£ 

■ --D rdfern Going: good 

I V irajni 2.0 (61) 1, NATIVE DRESS (Pat Edcterv. 
- 7-4 fevfc 2. Mac * Dea r er (P Waldron. 20- 

1). 3. Tauber (J ReM. 9-U ALSO RAN: 4 

--’^Botd Tangent (5th). 8 M Fat City (4th), IS 
> ■ • rQirwaz. Sergeant Smoke. 14 wipn. 20 

”■ y-y.L Fourth Protocol. Low Train (Bth). 
■■ r -r j Quastani. 25 Tumble Two. S3 Capital 
Flow. Carpet Capers, Caste Tryst 
- va Dollar's Conquest Phailofl. TVong Cowt 

• " 18 ran. nk. hd, *1. W. *t. I Bating at 

. Kmgactere Tots: £2.60: £1.30. £530. 

• Dio. DF £26-90. CSP £3738. 1mm 

■ *■' 1432 SCC. 

• ' r ’ 2J0 (5t) 1. ROTHH1HELD_GREYS £1 


Masson Kmg^lSgStern Majorit y 

• ■ -L.Ueeh.7-1): 2. Bonny Light (A Straubs. 12- 
■ ^1):3.Portoo(PWal£^6-f>.AlJBORAN: 
- - ""‘avM aon o n King. 13-2 Stew MajQ"*" 
. STachyon Park, 10 PondorDan 
, 12 Ameranno, Hgh Image. 18 Ml 
lane. 20 Spocemakar Boy. Si 
Wt (501). 50 Northern FmpnJ 

: Machine. 

10 Pendor Dancer 
i.16 Music 

i Cygnet (5th). 50 Northern Impulse. 
Shared. 14 ran. NR: Anlrox Lad. *Lshha, 
' .2*L1Lslthd. A Hide at Newmarket Tot* 
^ •• win £10.50. places £2.80. E430. D.70. 
DF‘ D 10.40. CSF- £79.42. Tncast 
£48570. 5aS7aec. 

r ;r 33(1m) 1. AITCH ITBEE (W Carson. 5- 


RAN: 4 Vague Shot 9-2 Shsty Bth). 6 
RowiTTOubador iNh). 14 Pretty Groat. IB 
Floating Asset (4tm. 8 ran. KL 1L kL VM, 
“ Aiimfel. TotB:'£530: D20. 

£7ia CSF- £2022. 

3L J 

D.80. £3.00. OF 

D ,06035. Emma's Whisper frilshedtMnl 
attar a stewanft enquiry was disquaHBd 

430 (80 1. COME TO THE BALL (B 
Thomson. 9-1): Z BMsom (P TMk, 44 

tort: 3; onica " " 

RAN: 154 

Farm Lady (5tti. . 

20 Tamapals (4thL 33 Bata Carina. 
r> «»«ySng A n andpatad Lady Fancy 
Fmstv Greta's Song. Purfioun. 14 ran. If. 
hd. 31, W. «L 541. R Hannon at Marl- 
borough- TotK D1.80: £3.10. D20. 
£2.00. DF: £9.00. CSF: £16.75. 

5J(2m) 1, PYJAMA PARTY (B Thom- 
son, 7-2): Z Waidson (R Wamham. 3-1 
test 3. QuadriMon (P HB. B-1V ALSO 
RAN: 7-2 Old MaKon (4th). 5 Daw (Bth). 9 
Sound Diffusion (5th). 33 Galnvile Lad. 7 
ran. NR- Charon tm. nk. tXH, SL 3L 10L J 
Dunlop at Arundel. Tote: £2^0; £330. 
D.30. DF: £5^0. CSF: £13^6. 

Ptaccpot £230. 

Hamilton Park 

Going: good to firm 
2.15 (1m It) 1. GREENMLL8 BOY 
DuffiakL 4-1 tav); Z Famy Robin 
Chamock, B-2t 3. Rymas (T wnfams. 
ALSO RAN: 7 Aussie GW (4th). 

Annual Event, 12 Stanford Rose 
j, l4Sbowdance.SMaSua(0th}.aran. 
I W. a. GL 3L nk. M Ryan at Newmarket 
Tote: £420: £2-10, £2.10, D.OO OF: 
£6.90. CSF; £20.10. Whiner bought in for 
1,700gna. Altar a stewards' Inquiry tho 
result stood. 



. 25 Charge Along BthL 100 Softy Spoken. 
.. 10 rwi nd. a. 1»L 1»L P Cota at 
f Whatcombe. Tote: £260; D.30. £2.60, 
; D20. DF- D3.80. CSF- D4.19. Irrtn 
27 72S6C. Result stands afwr a stewards 
^ tnquky 

. 4J)(1m4fl 1.COX GREEN (Gi 

t 7-4Jt-tev); 2 Kadawt (B Rouse, 7-4 1 
5 3. Ofcl Donwsday Book (W R &uMHvn. 

, IV ALSO RAN: 10 Dunoot (4th), 100 
Patrick John Lyons (5th). Mr Gardiner 
F ran. 1KL7L BL 41, 9. G Harwood at 
S ftUborourti.Tote:£2.10:D.40.D.a0.DF- 
£20aC^ £«51 2min 3831 sec. 

4J0 j1m 2f) 1. GERSHWIN (A KHnber- 

(G DuffiaU. 7-Tfc 
Baxter, 2-1 tort. ALSO 



G Maid Of 
(5th). 8 
Lad. 25 

J. 12-' 

L-EtoBe du PaWs 

RAN: 11-4 Spbvta 

Honfleur (6th). 7 Dress In 

■ ttputeLMyDen?g(4th),1t , 

1 Custom. SlrtnkJ Dancer. HamekghL 12 
E ran. 1L%I,21. 10L II. D 0'DonnsS at Upper 

Lsmboum. Tote: S7M £2.10. DJ90, 
MDF- £18.70. CSF- £85.95. Tricast: 
i 2mjn 13J7S6C. Bought in 


■ , 5J)(6ni.scrMiTARilA(SCeiithen.7^ 
lav); 2 Choritzo (Wfl Swmtum. 11-2)! 3, 
Bn«*wlng(T a«in. 13-2). ALSO RAN: 8 

i Lucky Pick, 1 1 Miss Daisy. 14 Don't Knock 
' R.lGTeusnn (5th), Lavandou Legend. 20 
Good Sattig. Napahma. 25 BaHnase 
Dancer, Bartsirv Court, 33 Aimbe SyM 
» (6th). Goodragln Nras- 
Hurncane Va J&. Lady 
Pipiota. Princess SemeU. 
, Suram. Yamrah. 23 ran. 
L Desp Rapbaas, Speatata. 
- nk. H Ced at 

■Jghsmi. DagpFti 
2RL154L 2»l. 

Nowmariiffl. To» E2.90; D.70. £2.10. 

- S15 Df ' £470. CSF- El 257 Imbi 
-■ 12J688C. 

at E21J5. 



- - 60 1.GG MAGIC (R Cochrane, 

, i Man (R Weaver. 11-4): 3. 

TtwMNon (p Dwyer. 9-t tort- ALSO RAN: 
Baprocote (5ft). 9 OeerfeM Beach (6ft). 
12 Nehnnsu pcryan kee. Nordic Secret & 
WhL 3STiber Gate. 9 ran. u, VA. 
^ Ij- WJ S Mortey a Ne wma k e t. Trtg: 
f" - . S.9°L?J0- D S). Cl. 10. DF- £5.50. 
. * £1,8 35. Bought In 3400 qns. After a 

Btmwds inquiry result stands. 

■T- r \ a fo>ttm 2D 1, Final try (B Thomson, 
2. Saw BoatarfH Cochrane. 3- 

- MN: 7-2 Vaura (4th), 60 Mafhr (9ft), 
a*raol (Bftl S ran. l&l. T0L Kl. 81. nkl. J 

- . Arundel Tow D.60: D.40, 

D30. DF- D30. CSF- £334 

c. 130 ^ ’■ w « »AVE (B Thomson, 
- ^M2-Sh«»>teak(PM0k.7-4)j3, 

SffLttoffi Nutter, 20-1). ALSO RAN: 

Night Club, 20 George 
. Mr 33 Last Chord (6ft). Une* 

g^.TMftmaknwpAloii. 50 Ctortous 
.ama Muscat Dancer, Sprats Brat. 
13 Ran. 

245 (Ira 

3 Mane 

RAN: 6 Soothing Wont 8 
(4th). 10 Amadeus Rock (5ft). New 
heaven (8ft). 14 BoU Mo)aoqu«. . 20 
Etsenftam Star. 50 Escudero, Holy Wdfe. 
Moudup Miairi, Tower Bay. 13 ran. NR: 
DrygobSu. Trompe d'CML hd.nk.6L 1H 
2 . W Has ttnrp,- Bass at Newmarket Tale: 
£7.40: £1.907 £230. D.10. Dft D930. 
CSF- £28.79. 

3.15 (1m 4(M) 1. RELLO GYPSY 
Goodwin. 7-lfi 2, Fomwd RMy. t 

AQwdau (5th). Try Scorer. Bold Rowlw, 
14 Glacier Lass, Good N Sharp(6th). 16 
Kamarmss. 25 VHae. BayPreMolS 
ran. 9, *1. nk. 21. 7L C TWder at Maftoa 
Tote: £750: £3.00. £230. MLDP 
D3£0. CSF: S3^8. Tncast: £2 49.47. 

3.45 (1m 40yd) 1- RtVBRS SECRET 
Chamock. 16-1); Z Fu Lu Shoo 
WBtams. 5-1 IPto* B, CbmiarTkiTaoii 

1S-2Johnny Sraip. 8 OuiWW Lam. 
Harry Hurt. 10 Trynoira.J 2 Scfiu yyNa 
(6th). 14 Rureww Money, Eurocoa 1 B Pft 
pony. 20 Mons Future. 14 • ran. Lord 

Coiffis. VA . «. 1 K-Lhd, 21. Dmn ' forth iM 
Bishop Auckland. Tots: £57-9* Ei2m 
£6.50. DF: DP 20. C3F: fflB.m 
Tricast £95022. After a stewards inquiry 
the result stood. 

4.15 (1m 31) 1. WWLE IT LASTS (P 
Han***. 5-1*2. JNStadJA 

fav); 3. RM Mm (G Baxter. 5-2). ALSO 

TmtSI. M, 3L 71. 8L L Cumart at 
toTirkrt. Tnto £550: S2J0O. £1 JO. DP 
£9.00. CSF £1229. 

445 fim 3f) 1. FOURTH TUDOR 


j’RSi: 1 6 MouSuns (4th). 7 Oh 


CSF- £20.94. Tncast £8321 

Ptocapot £17-60 

.. ..10- - , . , 

l2Tha F%* Sisttre. 14 
Mariner's Star. 11 ran. 5J. KL 


Going: Arm 

2.15 (2m 8 30yd Me ) Vfto Rm* (C 
Smith 4 - 1 ): 2 Cape Town Girl (7-1), » L8 
Sa Scotbsh Own 11-4 

QiaEiia D.90. DF- £1550. CSF- 

2.45 Cm chM- 
Jones, 7-4) 


■nes. 7-4) 2. Tumble Ji m 

weho (9-4). 3 ran. NR: RonatvPauL nd. 

wm £260. DP £2.10. 

3L15[Zm 330yd ( idle) 

K Kmane. 14-1): 2- MS' 


AAKWalTora. .... 

W 5220 CSF- £3.17 

.ft fa City. Loud AppeaL Tumble 
41 ViL nk.nk.5i-J Dunlop at 
it Tote: £220: D 10. DAO. £4.10. 

CSF- £S1 82. 

345 (2m 4f ch) 1. StandBeek (R 
11-10h 2. Stntstar Buyabg: (8- 1 1 feybj? 

i* vi/aSwohensOh. Tote: win D-70. 

m tav)i 

61. M H 
£150. £1-40. DF- 

{^2 ® towon. 841 ALSO RWJ: 5 B-tav 

ig«^^GBme.t6ga , teJiBkv (5ft). 25 a ftknsdale (4-1) T 
- r“r * Whisper iBren. Balkoma. 1RI. i«- 1 

• rnTstao. ez-io. 

50 . D.90. £430. 
El 50 DF £6370 CSF- ESI 47 Trieast 





TBbbua. 1-2 R(»» s 

C Thomton. T«« 
DF- £3.60. CSF- 


ptacapot £74.15 

High fBen McEnroe wins his semi-final against Edberg 

McEnroe stays on 
leback trail 

San Francisco (Reuter) — 
John McEnroe; the world's 
I5th-ranked player, took an- 
other step on his comeback trail 
today by winning the singles 
title of the San Francisco Grand 
Prix tennis tournament on Sun- 
day. Seeded fourth. McEnroe 
beat his fellow-American, 
Jimmy Connors, seeded second. 
7-6. 8-6. 6-3, winning his second 
consecutive grand prix singles 
title in as many weeks. In the 
semi-final McEnroe had beaten 
Stefan Edbeign 

McEnroe won $44,000 (about 
£30,800), Connors received 
$22,000. The two have now 
played 31 times, with McEnroe 
holding a 19-12 edge. McEnroe 
has won their last 1 0 encounters, 
including their previous final 
encounterwhich occurred at 
Wimbledon in 1984. Connors 
has not won a singles title since 
Tokyo m October 1984. 

The match was a struggle 
from the outset, fought mainly 
from the baseline. Connors hit 
punishing returns and McEnroe 
relied on his wide-angled serve 
to win the key points. Each 
player dropped serve once m the 
first set. before games reached 6- 
6 and the tie-break. McEnroe 
opened the tie-break with a 
double ftuh. but broke back 
immediately with a forehand 
return. Connors led 4-2 before 

McEnroe reeled off four points 
in a row to reach set point 

McEnroe lost the fim set 
point when he hit a forehand 
wide, and the second on a 
blistering cross-court pass from 
Connors. At 6-6, McEnroe put 
an overhead down the line to 
reach set point for the third 
time, and won the tie-break as 
Connors sent a backstroke wide. 

In the second set. three ser- 
vice breaks followed from 1-1. 
but McEnroe got the upper band 
in the next game, surviving a 
break point to lead 4-2. then 
breaking Connors for the match 
at 5-3 after a series of backhand 
errors by Connor. 

“Il was a hard-fought match," 
McEnroe said. “He made me 
work for it. He forced me to play 
belter and better." Connors, 
aged 34. admitted that bis 
rivalry with the 27-year-oki 
McEnroe sparked renewed vig- 
our in his game. 

"It's gening to the point 
where I'm eager and excited 
before I walk out there," Con- 
nors said. "The first set- was 
entertaining and people got to 
see great shots and excitement 
from both sides of the court," 

Commenting on his consec- 
utive tournament victories. 
McEnroe said: "Results like this 
are very heartening. I'm glad 
I've done what I've set out to do. 


7.30 unless stated 
Screen Sport Super Cup 
Final, second leg 
Everton v Liverpool 

FuH Members Cup 
First Round 

Stoke v Sheffield United 

European Cup 
First round, second teg 
First tog atoms la brackets 
Vitkovica (21 v Paris Saint-Germain 

(2) (4.30) 

Cup Winners’ Cup 
First round, second leg 
Bordeaux (2) v Waterford (1) (7.0)— 

First round, second leg 
Sredetz Sofia (0) v Swarovski 

Tyrol (3) (7.0) — 

raJerengens (0) v Beveren (1) 

Second division 

Blackburn v Plymouth 

Third division 

Blackpool v Port Vale 

Bolton v Chesterfield 

Brentford v Bury (7.45) 

Bristol C v Darlington (7.45) 

Mansfield v GiBngham 

Middlesbrough v Swindon 

Newport v Cartels p 

Notts C v Bristol R 

Rotherham v Wigan 

Walsafi v Fulham 

York v Bournemouth — 

Fourth division 

Halifax v Northampton 

Lincoln v Orient ..... _____ 

WoakJsttner. Bath w Chettenham; Enfield v 
Maidstone; Sutton United v Dagenham; 
Telford v Runcorn. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Midland dfeMon: 
Moor Green v Lea mi ngt o n. Southern 
rfMsfcm: Burnham and Htffingdon w Trow 
bridge: Thsnet » Bheppey. 

nterdhWoKHorieyv Malden Vale, 
LEAGUE: Premier division: SOmfonl v 

vision: Carshason v Barking; Harrow v 
Hitch n: Hayes v Windsor and Eton; 
Slough v St Albans; Wycombe v 
Wokingham, first ilvtston: Boreham 
Wood v Oxford City: Bracknell v Stomas; 
Finchley v Stevenage Borough; Grays v 
Leytonstone/lKord: Kingshmy v Walton 
and Hersham: Leathainaad v Lewes; 
Tttniry v Besldon: Uxbridge v Hampton: 
WnmWey v Maidenhead. Second dvtam 
north: CMsahunt v Avetey: Ctapttn v 
Haringey Borough: Harlow v Hornchurch: 
Hemef Hempstead v Saffron Walden; 
Letcftworth Garden City v Barton; 
Ramtnm v WNenhoa ware v Royston: 
Woherton v Betkhamsted. AC DefcoCupe 
First round replay: Bromley v Doriong: 

Morecombe; Buxton v Gafnsbarou^i: 
Charley v Mossley: Goate v Burton; 
Macclesfield v Caernarfon: Marine v 
Honwich: Mattock v Worksop. Postponed: 
Southport v Mossley. 

CENTRAL LEABUE: Ftret dMdno: Leeds 
v Coventnrf7.0fl). 

Arsenai(2J0): Luton v Otertonf&OO): 
Portsmouth v Wstlord(7. 00) Queens Park 
Rangers v SouthamptonfaOO). 


ham vCovonttv(7.i5). 

CLUB MATCHES: Roundhay v York 
(7 15). 


GOLF: Sartor Women's Bnbsh Open 
Amateur Championship (at Lpngrtddry). 

Scunthorpe v Cambridge 

Swansea v Aldershot 

Torquay v Stockport 

Tranmere v Burnley — 

Wolverhampton v Preston 

Scottish First division 

Brechin v Clyde 

Women s UtauboN Jersey Open Tour- 
nament (at Royal Jersey r 
SAILING: Johnnie Walker World Siding 
Speed Record week (at Porifand). 
SNOOKER: BCE tntamatnnaL Final 
Sages (at Trentnam Gardena, Stoke-on- 


Old Reigatians rewarded with 
home draw against Exeter 

Dunfarmfine v Montrose 
East Fife v Forfar 
Morton v Airdrieoniarts - 

Patrick v KHmamock 

Queen of Sft v Dumbarton 

FA CUP: Second quMytan replay: 

Aylesbury v HarafieU: fisher v Walton and 
Hersnam: Hampton v Matr o pceran Police 
(7-30L Krastonian v Boreham Wood: 
Souttortt v Laneastar Ctty; St Hetans v 
Armftonw w*t(ara (5.0> 

Elkjaer talks 

Hamburger SV. one of West 
Germany's lop football clubs, 
is negotiating with forward 
Preben Elkjaer, Denmark's 
World Cup star, for a possible 
transfer from Verona, his 
Italian side, a Hamburg news- 
paper reported yesterday. 

Old Reigatians. who left it 
until virtually the last possible 
moment before Qualifying for 
the second round of the John 
Player Special Cup. were re- 
warded yesterday with a home 
draw against first-class oppo- 
nents in Exeter, who managed 
a comfortable first-round win 
over Oxford on Saturday. 

Reigatians. whose first sea- 
son in the cup this is. trailed 
KCS Old Boys for most of 
their first-round tie. Advanc- 
ing into injury-time they 
threw caution to the wind and 
managed to work Lent, their 
wing, over in the corner for the 
try that gave them a 10-9 win 
and a place against Exeter. 

The second round the draw, 
which was made at Twick- 
enham by Alan Grimsdell, 
president of the Rugby Foot- 
ball Union, is divided imo 
northern and southern halves 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

London Welsh, finalists two 
seasons ago. travel to Maid- 
stone with whom they- have 
long had the friendliest of 
relationships. Players from the 
Welsh have frequently taken 
time to help coaching at 
Maidstone, the first month of 
whose season included games 

wiih Blackheath joining the 
north and Midland section to 
make I Q clubs in each half 

Second round draw 

NORTHERN SECTION: fiwors * Durtwn 
City: Wast Hartlepool v SofthuO; Lwgrtgn 
BuzzaTO v UcMheW; FyWe » Lwwpool/St 
Helens. Rugby V BtecMwBth. 
bury: Maidstone v London tim: Wor- 
ming V St has; OH ilgigaaint v Exnar; 
Lyrinay v Camborne. 

Each half has one match 
which looks significantly diffi- 
cult Lydney. the hard-work- 
ing Forest of Dean club, play 
Camborne, whose aggressive 
forward play certainly dis- 
concerted London Welsh in 
the cup last season. In the 
northern half local rivalry will 
come into play when Fylde 
entertain Liverpool/St Hel- 
ens. who have made such an 
encouraging start to their first 
season of amalgamation. 

against Blackheath and 
quins, neither of whom took 
victory very easily. 

Maidstone's stand sits 
something in the region of 1 00 
people and the Welsh were 
quick lo offer to occupy all 
seats. U might have been 
fitting if the Welsh had been 
drawn to play Reading, for 
whom Clive Rees, their cap- 
tain. now plays. But Rees and 
his new colleagues must con- 
tent themselves with a home 
game against Sudbury, pride 
of the Eastern Counties. 

SolihulL whose 10-9 victory 

over Stourbridge failed to 
appear in these columns >es- 
lerday, count the mixed bless- 
ings of a trip to West 
Hartlepool. Solihull too left 
victor>' over their Midland 
rivals late. Houlton kicking 
the winning penalty in the last 
quarter. All ihe second-round 
games will be played on 
October 25. 

High price 

John Fieldhouse, the Great 
Britain forward chosen as man 
of the series against New 
Zealand last season, has been 
transfer-listed by Widnes at a 
club record £75,000 at his own 
request. Fieldhouse. in line to 
play against the touring 
Australians next month, has 
made repeated pleas for a 
move in recent weeks. 

Crowds and locks 
are thin on ground 

Evans plays again 
for Barbarians 

By David Hands 

The crowd of some 15,000 
who watched a Scotland XV 
defeat the Japanese at 
Murrayfield on Saturday is 
some indication of what En- 
gland may expect when the 
touring side play their final 
match at Twickenham on Octo- 
ber 1 1. The numbers were 
somewhat disappointing for the 
Scottish Rugby Union, even 
though the price of tickets had 
been reduced, since they had 

19.000 for Scotland's most re- 
cent match with Romania and 

1 7.000 for the game against Fiji. 

The lower total is partially 

accounted for by the game 
coming so early in the season, 
when other pursuits occupy the 
mind, and by the Glasgow 
holiday weekend. Nevertheless, 
there is no doubt that some good 
performances in the English half 
of their tour, which begins 
tomorrow against Leicester- 
shire, will help Japan's cause. 

The England XV which win 
play at Twickenham will be 
announced today, following 
Sunday's squad training at Sou- 
hull and the meeting of the 
selectors at Nottingham yes- 
terday. Once again the players 
worked hard under the direction 
ofTom McNab, their condition- 
ing coach, at Solihull with the 

backs in general impressing with 
their increased aihteticism. 

Among the absentees was 
Nigel Redman, the Bath lock, 
who suffered a gastric complaint 
over the weekend and missed 
his club's first defeat of the 
season, against Llanelli. Indeed 
there was a general shortage of 
locks since Dooley was required 
for police duty in Blackpool and 
CoKlough is still concentrating 
on his business interests in 

Simon Holliday, the Bath 
centre who left the field with a 
gashed heel against Llanelli, also 
missed training. He had three 
Stitches inserted in the wound 
and will wait to see how it is 
mending before deciding 
whether to make himself avail- 
able for his club on Saturday. 

Three of the four home 
unions have agreed on the ball 
they will be using in this 
season's internationals. En- 
gland. Scotland and Ireland 
have opted for the 'Gilbert 
Barbarian* which certainly won 
the approval of Iwan Tukalo on 
Saturday. The Selkirk wing 
scored four tries against Japan 
and confirmed afterwards how 
well the ball had handled. 

leuan Evans, the Llanelli and 
Wales B wing, has summoned 
up his nerve and accepted 
another invitation to play for 
the Barbarians, in their game 
against Newport next Tuesday 
at Rodney Parade. In his Iasi 
two appearances for the Barbar- 
ians. Evans has suffered injuries 
which have contrived to wreck 
his representative season. 

He will play at centre on this 
occasion in partnership with 
Scon Hastings, one of four new 
Barbarians all of whom are 
Scottish: the others are Sole, the 
Bath prop, and the two back- 
row men. Beattie and Calder. 

In view of England's commit- 
ments later in the week against 
Japan, their representation is 
limited to two players neither of 
whom are in the England squad: 
Simon Smith, the Wasps wing, 
and Harding. Bristol's scrum 
half. It will be another opportu- 
nity for Smith, capped nine 
times in 1 985 and 1986. to press 
his claims for restoratiion to 
England's right wing. 

The Barbarians have not 
made any firm commitment yet 
to two invitations later in the 
season: the New Twihmi 
Barbarians, who visit Britain 
next March, are keen to play 
them and the oiganizers of the 

By David Hands 

Cathay Pacific/Hong Kong 
Bank sevens have invited them 
to their tournament at much the 
same time. 

Geoffrey Windsor- Lewis, the 
Barbarians secretary, would en- 
joy taking another side to Hong 
Kong (where his team won in 

BARBARIANS: P TlMrtmni (Nraft and 
Walas): S Smut (Wasps and Engiandi S 
Huttons (Watsontans and Scodandl. I 
Evans (Llandb). A Emyr (Swanssa). J 
Davids | Neath and Wales). R Hafljtog 
(Bnsrol and England): D Soft (Baft and 
Scotland). H HarMson (Becnve Rangers 
and Ireland), D FKzpsraM (Lanadome 
and Ireland). F Cakftr (Stewart s Metvde 
FP and Scotland), j Cam pitei La marto n 
(London Scottish and Scound).WAmlaf 

son (Dtraonnon and Ireland). G 
(Carcfttf and Wales). J Beanie (Glasgow 
Academcais and Scottamn. 

Yorkshire travel to RavenhilL 
Belfast on Saturday for their 
encounter against Ulster devoid 
of international talent with the 
possible exception of Peter Win- 
lcrbottom (George Ace writes). 

The wing forward's place wilt 
be taken by Richard Selkirk, his 
Headingley colleague, if he is re- 
quired by England against Japan. 
YORKSHIRE: J Whisker (Gostorth); R 
Wldrtpp (Halftax). J Bentley (Ottfty). S 
Tamend (WafcsfeUd). C Hants (WakaMd): 
P Grey (BouKttmyLG Irvin (Harrogate): M 
Whrtcombs (Bedford), P C a ia rWaandE 
RKkngi. T Rke (Hi* and E FfadtoQ). P 
IMntertnnom (Haaduiqley). D 


A chance 
for youth 

By Gordon Allan 

Bowls is a young man's game. 
Twelve years ago the English 
Bowling Association started the 
national under-25 singles 
championship. Next year they 
are launching an under- 16 sin- 
gles event. 

Competitors must be under 
16 before May 1. 1987 and 
belong to a dub affiliated to the 
EBA. According to early es- 
timates there could be an entry 
of between 200 and 300. The 
intention is to organize the 
competition regionally down to 
the last 32. 

John Northcott, a past presi- 
dent of the EBA. is sponsoring 
the event and the semi-finals 
and final will be played on July 
25 and 26 at Ilfracombe. 

There were 88 players under 
16 in the original entry of 902 
for this year's - under 25 




Howard Kendall, the Everton 
manager, has taken one step 
forward and two steps back 
from his dub's injury front and 
is now on the brink of being 
overwhelmed by the dub’s 
prolonged crisis. Naming the 
only Fl fit players left for 
tonight's second leg of the 
Screen Sport Super Cup final, 
which Liverpool lead 3-1. Ken- 
dall said: “We are down to the 
bare bones in terms of fit 

His delight at Neil Poin ton’s 
successful comeback game in 
the Cental League at the week- 
end was more than tempered by 
the defender, Ian Marshall. 

reserves amT Kevin 'Bangley 
tweaking a hamstring in the 
defeat at Tottenham Hotspur on 
Saturday. Both are ruled out at 
Goodison today. 

POOLS FORECAST by Paul Newman 

anunay uckmwt 4 un- 



1 Chefeca v Charton 
1 Coventry v A VBa 
1 Everton v Arsenal 
X Man C v Larcestsr 
1 Norwich vQPR 
1 NottmF v Man U 
1 Sheffield W v Oxford 
1 Soton v Newcastle 

1 Tottenham v Luton 

2 Wartcrd vWest Ham 

2 Wimbtedon v Liverpool 


1 Btomngtwm v Bams ley 
X Bradford v Sheffield if 
1 Brighton v Stoke 
1 C Paiaca v MdhvaH 
X HuddatsM v Darby 
X Hull v Ipswich 
X Reading vBtackbum 
X Shrewsbury v Grimsby 
X Sundartnd v Portsmth 
Not on c o npon ai Plym- 
outh vLaads. 

TREBLE CHANCE (home Bams): Brad- 
ford. Huddersfield. Hull. Reading. 
Shrewsbury. Sunderland, WBA. Bolton. 

Cardiff. Burton. Hearts. Arbroath. 

1 Blackpool v WaisaH 
X Bolton v Notts Co 
1 B i ent fo rd v Newport 

1 Bristol R v Chestortld 

2 Chester v Bristol C 

2 Dartngton v Boumemth 
1 Doncaster v Cartfito 

1 GtUnrtiam v Bury 

2 Port Vale v Fulham 

1 York v Mansfield 

Not on coupons: Roth- 
erham v Mtdrtesbrough; 
Swindon v Wigan 


2 Burnley v Preston 
X Cantifrv Crewe 

1 Hereford v Petertxxo 

1 Nthampton v Aldershot 
1 0rient /Southend 

2 Rochdale v Exetar 

Not on coupons: Cam- 
bridge v Stockport (Fri- 
day): Colchester v 
Wrexham (Friday): Hattfax 
V Swansea; Lincoln v 
Hartlepool (Sunday); 
Scunthorpe v Wolves 
(Sunday): Tranmere v Tor- 
quay (Friday). 


1 Bangor vGainsboro 
X Button v Banpw 

2 Hyde * Marine 

l RnyTvMcwecamoe t 
1 Southport v MattocL ' 


1 Aberdeen v Moftarw ei - 
ICeibcv St Mirren 

2 Clydebank v Dundee 
1 Dundee U v Faitirfc 
X Handton v Hftamian 
X Hearts v Rangers 


1 Awtkie v O ol Sth 
1 Clyde v Morton 

1 Dumbarton v Parade 

2 Forfar v Ounfermlme 
T Kilmarnock v E FUe 
1 Montrose v Brechin 

1 Alban v Berwick 

1 Aitoav Queen's Pk 
X Arbroath vESMng 

2 Cowdnbft v Maadowbnk 
Not on coopons: St 
•Johnstone v Stranraer 
Stonhousemutr v Rath: 
Sbrkng v Ayr 

BEST DRAWS: Reading, Sunoartand, 

WBA. Burton. Hearts. 

AWAY& west Ham, Liverpool. Bristol 
CUy. Preston. Meadowbank. WBA. 

H OM ES! Sheffield Wednesday, Br- 
rnmgham, Bristol Rovers, GUtogham. 
York, Hereford. Northampton. Bangor. 
Aberdeen, Celtic, Dundee United, 

FIXED 0003: Homes; Sheffield Wednes- 
day. GMUngham, York, Carte. Dundee 
United- Awny* Liverpool. Brutal City, 
Fulham. Draws: Healing. Sunderland. 



ana Bury 82 |*otfc Swindon Rakon 81 . Tonwr 
82: TF Group Cftveftnd 117. 

MONTREAL: Hmahml marathon: Mem t, 

A Mekomen (EthK 2hr I Omn 30sec: 2. T Guta 

lEft). 2:15.00-. 3. 6 Mouses (Eft), 2rtSJ7; 4.0 
Kurds (US). 21627: 5. J Gtttreert (BeO_ 
21024:6. HSe*o(Eih).2ia34: 7. OKebeoe 
(Eft). 219.47. a K Larodd (POO. 22025: 9, A 
b Raneni (Can)_ 22035: iltM Dyen (rant 
221.41 Women 1. E Roctwton 
235.15: 2 N Cause (Cam. 2*4 A0: a 
(Can). 24622. 

WMI W M IAC SiM events champion- 

tortp: Besi pertonnences: Jmfet M Rotien- 

gwmem Port 06: R ag Veriy Su nderland B5. 
i 93; Bsurngharn 

Bums 97, 

Okftam Comes 
Lwce ster Ru tera 101 
vftkn: Fodsmouiti FC 97. Turn Pofycsfl 
Kingston 100 (sot). 


CANNES: (band Mx da Nukxts (55 nfleek 

1. S KiBy flral 2nr Q*mi 21 sec 2 L Fignan 

pL 20*26: 3. J Bernard IFr). 204.39: 4, C 

Moflat. (ft). 235:34: 5. T Romtoger (SoW. 

21 BV 


Scotland Z Poland l. Scotland 1. New 


WROCLAW. Poland: Woman's tournam en t 
Poland Z Austria 0: Italy 2 Switzerland 0. 
IAREM: ft ftnten rt mumamanc Neftor- 
tands 4. Argentina (h Span 2, Argentna 1: 
NeftwO w ds 5. Spain 2 


WMam *. isle of Uan 26. Moracomne HS 

. Worcester 13. K«g Henry VM. 

. 7. Latymer Upper 27. BiMd GS8; 
Loro Wandswonh 26. St Sarftotomew s. 



BARNSLEY: Kodak 10km: Man: 1. P 
O'Coaagnen (Wdv and B4) 2Smn 4390c: Z 
Petr Kanes (London M 29:55; 3 Pa*ei Kknnss 
(London Ir) 2358. Women: 1. A Hodoirxu 
IHoissatow) 3451. Z L Evenrnion (SOW) 
35 14. 3. L Innng (EdMxsgh SH) 38:15. 

«t IFr). 2.0*. 39. 
T Romhger (S 

Pamod QUftr: 

k 2.G LaMond 
■L 505- 

. Brand 

L Rail. 27m*i 
champtorahto atand- 

toL 94ms. 125cc I. F 

Manang 16. Radnock 15: MOtald 47. Exeter 

Ct* 7:kWnn Aabey34.Knga.Bniton4.Md 

HB 15. Hartaybury 4; uonkton Combe 30. 
Dauntseys ft Monmouth 18 Bristol GS a 

Newcasde-undarLyniB 12. g a am are 7. Not- 

angham HS 6. Oakham ft Psngboume 4. 

Radley 30; Pales GS Cneanftam S3. 
BoumasKto 3: Perse 6. Bancroft S 7. 



NORTH AMERICA: MaSo oM fta g uo: New 

Ycrt Mots 4. Pittabutgh 1; PhUadelpha 5. 

Montreal 2 Hounon Z Attama 1: Si Loua 4. 

ago Cum 1. San Frencsico 6, Los 

5: Cftcmtt 6. San Dtego a 
Amancan League: Boston 12 Toronto 3; 

New York Yankees 10. DetroS 2 Mkmesou «, 

C»>«a go Whs« Sox 1: MlwaiAee 10. Baft- 
more 2; Kansas Cdjr 0. Oakland 2 Texas a, 
CftHonua a Ct o ve to nd 5. Sa«nia4. 







East Division 

NY Mats 










St Lou* 










Chicago Cubs 










West Division 











San Francisco 










Los Angeles 











East Division 











NY Yankees 


















-471 2054 






West Droiskn 
















Kansas City 





Ctocago Wits Sox 
















KnobaBon ft Aleyn's. Duhwcn 5. tana 
Eidwanrs. WHtay 1. AnSn**, 0. Eton £ 
Chartertiouse 3. Forest 2 KKftgato 4. 
Wsstmnster 2; Lancing 2. CtxctiesierTSO; SI 
Edmund S, Cantarcixy 2. Karroy GS B 
FA CUP: Second gueBtflng round raptor 
W c la wb orouoh I.CortntoaivCasusiS 1 
VAUXFmLilSPB. LEAGUE: Premier dk 

vtatoo: Dukmeh HsmM v Klngstonan. post- 




{Dundee H) 116pt«: 2. Femtngn a m 109: 3. A 

Cures (Lningston) 09. V e ftrsi c R SbMds 

{Oy-iTiKtUelSi. HftmaxrA CtoteftjMngston) 




Prix: mitxs 1. G Watf»J 

56 50840. Fkwl arorid 

■up: 1. J Mantne7 , 

Cream mi. Gate*. 33*646. Final world 

cfiaatptaasMp sto iii U n us: 1. Cadatora. 122. 

Sidecar et nas : 1. E Strauor/B Scftneders 

(Nmn) LCR- Yamaha 31 id J7 rtftfsbptodng: 

a S WBtowrt Hewat (LCR-Yamanal 
31*54.62. Fatal world chanmlonaMp atand- 
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JEREZ OE LA FRONTERA. S pain : World § cn S “J_ .,--- T -- liAl r ll *. „ 

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4. RMQta GS 0. Treaty. 

Retard Hate 14. VerUton 26. Bctia 

40. Newquay ft Rtqby 3. Uopatoham 3; 

Rossa* 36. Danstonn O. St Georges. 
WeytvxJqo 6. GuadfoTO RGS 9: Si Lawrence 
“ ' M Ramsgote 8. cranbrpok 2ft T 


FETWORTH: MCC H Petvaorft 4-1 JMCC 


4; P B Aden ton to tikFanbams 5-6. 6-2. 98; N 

S CnbO bt M Dowrtofl UkLURA 

and B A Sharp bt M Barng and M 

B-O, ft>2: R A Lawrence and J M 

j Page and J Pneip3 B-i . 84 . 
IMUaMOTOIt MCC U Leamtngton 4-7 

(Loemington names to«T B Sftmw toa to C 

Oean 6-1. 1-6. 5-& O Dixon tost to P G 
Hopkins 62. 36. 1-& H Seymour-Mead bt D F 

_ .Eft 3: St bees 42. KM (Scotland) ft 

St Erftumds's. Ware 2ft Oratory «. st 

cokimba s 10. Si Atoan s 10. St Dunsran s 22. 

wtmgtfi 13 St Ignatus 18. Cnesnum 23. sr 

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« Otoves 0. Cole s 4ft Sl Fetors. York ft 

Leeds GS 1£ Stowe 16. Eton 7: Sutton 

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Cnritt s Hospital 7. Trent 20. Bremsgrono 3: 

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16: Wa*nmon HS 25. PonsRxxiiti GS 11. 

loro (S IE. " ' 


IlSftas. Z S BMasHioa man) 10*C! ft B 

Lyle (SB). 577: 7. H Sunm (US). 57ft ft L 
(US). 559: 0. C Faea (US) md T 
Watson (US). 540. Bridafa ptactags: K. H 
Clark. 345. 3ft I Woosnam. 32ft -32. S 
Torrence. 304: 34. N Fafcto. 29B. 


aSnbOTi'SeBaies^ W^G^S Wnor 3* 

Stowrarim bi Kmemutr riayufS 3^. Fkttfc 

Stowmariiat bt Burnham Do ed ws 3-2 — 

tstowmarttoi names hrsq P Buctoa lost to M 

Know. 1 note: H Whriker M S HaKriar 3 and 

2 D Dveriwi lost to F Po ad ne l ia na. 1 hole: J 

vmu M P MarshM 3 and & G Lmftert W W 

Ccn4 andft 

ABILENE: Soethwast CtatMc JUS urtaS9 
staled) 275: M Catoaveccham. 6«. 7066.71. 
270t T Byrum. f®. 74. 67 68. 27» C StacSer. 
72.72. 72.S3: U HBMskfc6e.74.71.WiD A 

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87: C Pavln. 70. 74. 0. 70.2B4: 0 PW. 66. 80, 

69. 69. M Met 72. 72. 60. 71; G HMham 7ft 

- “ " ft 74. ft. B 

M^onald 66. 64; R WMesworth lost t 

AShar^3*|6. 66: D Sotoytos to S D M 


tWom 16. Feathereune 7; HaHax 13. 
Warnngton 16: Hul KR 4. St Helens 38. Letoh 
40. OSmn 12 SaltOTO 12 Borrow*: 

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PERTH. Inummmrt match: Soviet umon 



US impressed 
but not yet 
convinced by 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

American winner of three LPGA grand slams leaves the taen standing 

.The Americans wen? still 
shaking their heads yesterday 
morning over Lloyd 
Honeyghan’s stunning defeat 
of the man they said was 
pound for pound the best 
. tighter in any division in the 
world — Don Curry, of Forth 
Worth. There seemed to be a 
tendency to think that the 
Hurricane Honeyghan that hit 
Adamic City on Saturday was 
a weak storm. 

They have not yet been able 
to accept the Bermondsey 
boxer as a true undisputed 
world champion, worthy of a 
place next to Marvin Hagler. 
the only other undisputed 
world champion. Curry's busi- 
ness manager, Akhbar 
Muhammad. said: 

“Honeyghan is a good fighter 
but it is hard to measure how 
good when he was fighting the 
ghost of Don Curry." The 
former champion himself 
made no reference to his 
having to shed '211b in three 
weeks but said he would never 
again try to make the welter- 
weight limit and would be 
ba\mg at Jighi-m iddle. 

Irving Rudd, the publicity 
director of Top Rank Inc, who 
promoted the title bout said 
yesterday from New York that 
Top Rank still had options on 
Honeyghan’s next three de- 
fences but the champion had 
still had to prove his credibil- 
ity. implying that Curry was 
not himself after taking off so 
much weight. 

“We knew very little about 
Honeyghan before the fight 
and everyone tended to write 
him off though you can never 
write off a Mickey Duff 
fighter. But still it has all been 
so sudden and stunning that it 
has thrown all future matches 
into a cocked hat. We shall put 
up a couple of suggestions but 
it is up to Duff to approve. 
Rudd said that Top Rank 

were prepared to put the 
defences on in London or the 
United States. 

Now that Honeyghan owns 
the World Boxing Associ- 
ation, World Boxing Council 
and International Boxing 
Federation titles, he can de- 
fend one or both or an three. 
But since the United States do 
not seem to have been bowled 
over by Honeyghan it is most 
likely that the next defence 
will be in London in Decem- 
ber against Johnny Bmnphus, 
the former world light-welter- 
weight champion. 

With Mickey Duff, the mas- 
ter of matchmaking, he is in 
good hands, but Honeyghan’s 
main problem is to find an 
opponent that will generate 
interest and money quickly. 

The only name to excite 
Americans and generate big 
money is the highly talented 
Mark Breland, the Olympic 
gold medal winner. 

There have been reports of 
Colin Jones, of Wales, 
challenging Honeyghan but 
that match is unlikely to come 
off because Jones has not 
boxed for two years and is not 
in the rankings. Besides, 
Frank Warren, who promotes 
Jones, and Mickey Duff do 
not get on too well and Duff is 
unlikely to do Warren any 
favours by letting Jones stick 
one of those Gorseinon left 
books on Honeyghan just yet. 

Whatever the ins and outs 
of promotional politics, 
Honeyghan's success has en- 
couraged aspiring youngsters 
in Britain. Only yesterday 
George Collins, the unbeaten 
1 9-year-old welterweight, was 
saying: “If Honeyghan can do 
it so can 1. 1 aim to be world 
champion by the time I am 
21." Collins has his first 10- 
rounder on October 9 at 
Fairfield Hall, Croydon where 
boxing returns alter 18 years. 

Bradley tiptoes 

Fat Bradley: severe concentration is the secret of her success 

Pat Bradley is a careful person. She 
speaks carefally, plays golf carefully 
and is carefally amassing more money 
than any other woman has managed in a 
single season’s golL 

The New Englander has won more 
money than Severiano Ballesteros has in 
Europe; more money than Bernhard 
Longer — who is plundering both the 
European and US tours; and more than 
Gary Player — whose winnings on the 
senior tour are coveted by many a 
pension fund. 

Only Greg Norman, the Open cham- 
pion, and Bob Tway, the US PGA 
champion, are sore of oat-earning Miss 
Bradley and even they have to give best 
to her in one important respect - she 
has won three major titles this year, they 
have had to settle for one apiece. 

Only die US Open — third in 
chronological line of the grand slam 
tides on the women’s toar in America — 
proved immune to Mi ss Bradley’s 

Emotional strain 
of grand slam 

doctrine of hard work, determination 
and perseverance. She finished fifth, a 
victim perhaps of what she calls die 
“media hype" surrounding a grand slam 

Renowned for her intense concentra- 
tion, she is nonetheless adamant: 
“There is no way yon can dose out die 
hype. When (be grand slam is bnUing, 
no-one win let yon not think about it 
The emotional strain is intense." 

The week after winning her second 
major of the season — the Ladies' PGA 
championship, which she had never won 
before — there was an unnsval occur- 
rence — Miss Bradley missed the cut 
Miss Bradley does not miss cuts. Her 
consistency is legendary. In the nine 
years prior to this year’s McDonald's 
championship she had pack e d her bags 
after 36 botes on only two occasions. 

Her explanation for the aberration 
reveals bow pressure affects even the 
most experienced and hattle-hardened 
campaigners. She confesses: “I honestly 
did not realize how much winning the 
LPGA took out of me, emotionally and 

Miss Bradley describes herself as a 
shy, resaved and very emotional person. 
Learning to pursue what is a very pnbtic 
career in a very self-controlled sport 
cannot have been easy for her hid she 

has succeeded to such an extent Ihj* s she 
always seems to be in control bo 

rein on her emotions while she is oa tom 

and admits: “1 am very, very 
bet even in just crossing the street i m 
extremely serious in my actions- JMaunk 
I'm very professional in what 1 “J 
that is important to me, to o® pro - 
fessional at all times." 



Otic lotiww iwnwj . » Itim 

the casual cries of “How ya i domJratT 
that are her lot in public. She has her 
own style - sincere, 
emotional — for sponsors and [Kress. rue 
flat New England accent hel P*. keep 
things low key — there is none of the re- 
laxed Norman banter about her. 

On the course, the barricades stay 
iwumgd- She says tittle to her partners, 
a bit more to Jerey Woodard., her 

— a friend and confidant for the last four 
years. She pulls the white visor down 
over her eyes, chews solidly on her piece 
of gum — only one per five hour round — 
and puffs at the odd cigarette. 

A professional is at work. Do not 
disturb. *, 

Miss Bradley's guard stays iP 
cause as she says: “I'm tore nip 
business." And pretty lucrriye busMfcss 
it is. too. She has eafcged nfeany 
$500,000 so for this season and in the 
process became the first woman to earn 
more than $2 million on die tear. 

Ironically, she went over the mark 
with one of her poorer performances of 
the season, picking up the "accessary 
small change — jnst over $3,000 —by ty- 
ing 1 1th in the Chrysler Plymouth 
Classic in May. She is now harrying 
towards S3 million, baring won five 
tides so far this season. That takes her 
career total to 21, including six majors. 

Prom 1978 Miss Bradley has always 
earned over $100,000 a season. In 1983 

— when she won four tournaments — she 
locked up nearly $250,000 in prize 
money and more amazingly did the same 
the next year — without winning a single 

Her consistency is a byword on die 
tour and has been for the last ten years. 
Only once in that period has she 
finished outside the top eight at the end 
of the season— in 1982 she was eleventh 
on the money list. 

That was a very quiet year in her 
home town of Westfora. Mbs Bradley's 
parents spent the golf season rocking 
silently on the back porch and the 
‘ neighbours on Main Street did not need 


their ear plugs. Tradition has it that 
every time Pat wins, her parents ring a 
bell to let everyone know ail's well AH 
was not so good in 1982 and 1 984 was lu- 
crative tot Quiet _ „ 

Characteristically, Miss Bradley 
says: “My consistency derives from a lot 

of hard work, determination, persever- 
ance and a desire in do the tost 1 can 
Like many golfers Miss Bradley has 
her superstitions — she swears by white/ 
tees and will not use a No 4 ball. But she 
is fond of thecokwr red, “Red is a power 1 

mlnin- " chp evs Hirrins the last maior i 

colour," she says. During the lastmajor 
of the season — the DuMaurier Classic . . 
in Toronto - Miss Bradley started one * 
round wearing a red sweater. It was a • * 1 
hot, muggy day bnt she eagled the first 
hole; birdied the third and fourth and 
admitted afterwards: “It could have 
reached 100 out there, but my jersey 
wasn't coining off." 

Her superstitions may earn her the 
odd birdie but their most important 
ftmctioB is to keep her in the right frame 
of mind and it is that — her legendary 
ability to concentrate op the job in hand r 
i — t*»*r earns her the millions. ^ 

\ She is second to none when it contest^ 

[ ' the art of concentration and puts it down > 
mainl y to learning from experience: ^ 
“Concentration is an interesting thing, ft 
she says. “You can't go to a store and 

toy it or go to a library and learn it- Yon ^ 

have to develop it through experience, 
whether good or bad. “I’ve been on tour 

■ if& 

Consistency is 
learning every day 

for 13 years and hopefhlly I’ve been able 
to develop some consistency in keeping 
my m«nH on my game, on what I have to 
do, on what I need to do. Some day's are 
better than others but 1 keep working on ^ 
it It’s a learning process and I’m 
learning every day." . 

She Haims consistency outweighs 
bring the top money winner for a year 
bnt (hfc year she has made it to No 1 for 
' the first time and next year she will try 
and do it a gain- Only next year she will 
once more come np against the phenom- 
enon that usually dominates the tour — 

Nancy Lopez who missed most of this 
season because she was having her 
second toby. 

Next reason she returns and Miss 
Bradley may have to settle for consis- 
tency again. 

Patricia Davies * 


»: • 

* r 

L ! 

Rain drives Test 
into record book 

From Richard Streeton, Delhi 

A Sian was finally possible 
after ica yesterday on the fourth 
day of the rain-delayed second 
Test match here. Australia won 
the toss and scored 58 for the 
loss of Marsh in the 90 minutes 
of play. The pilch, endlessly 
rolled, resembled plasticine. 
Nothing untoward occurred nor 
is ii expected to before the game 
is formally completed today. 

It was another overcast, hu- 
mid morning and four 
successive inspections tested the 
patience of any Job or his local 
equivalent, before the sun 
emerged in early afternoon. By 
then the square, though soft, was 
playable and nobody could find 
an excuse for not starting. As 
soon as Kapil Dev delivered the 
first ball, it resolved much 
speculation about whether the 
local association would collect 
£140.000 insurance money for 
an abandoned game. 

A minor curiosity of the sort 
that could only happen in India 
arose before play started. The 
Indian Board of Control held 
their annual meeting and elec- 
tions in Madras at the weekend. 
It meant that a different selec- 
tion committee finally chose 
India's team from the one which 
named the 15 asked to be 

Hanumant Singh has now 
succeeded Chandu Bordc as 
chairman of selectors. To make 
way for Vcngsarkar's return to 
the’ side. Hanumant and his 
helpers omitted the first-choice 
wicketkeeper. More. Pandit, his 
deputy in England last summer, 
who played as a batsman in the 
lied Test, keeps wicket. The 
Australians included Gilbert, 
another fast bowler, for Reid, 
who has a stomach upset 

Inevitably the match began in 

an unreal atmosphere, with the 
ground almost deserted. There 
were around 200 spectators 
huddled out of the sun under 
canvas roofing on the popular 
side. Otherwise the stands were 
empty and policemen out- 
numbered everyone else. 
Twenty-two overs were sched- 
uled and India actually man- 
aged 23. with all three spinners 
being used. 

Both Kapil and Shanna. 
helped by the humidity, swung 
the ball occasionally but neither 
they nor the slow bowlers got 
any help from the wicket. Marsh 
edged one four off Sbarma and 
seldom looked completely at 
ease. After an hour Shanna, who 
had changed ends, had Marsh 
well taken right handed and low 
by the wicketkeeper when he 
edged a ball leaving him. 

AUSTRALIA: Rret Innings 
G R Marsh c Panda b Sharma — 

D G Boon not out 

DM Jones not Out. 

Extras (8>1. nbftw4) 


•A R Border. G M RNctae. G RJ Matthews, 
S R Waugh. fT J Zoehrer. C J McDermott. 
R J Bright D R G*Mrt to t*L 

BOWLING (to date): Kapil Dev 7-2-16-0: 
Sharma 7-1-29-1. snastn 4-1-64): 
Man refer 3-1-50: Yadav 2-1 -l-O. 

INDIA: K Snkkanth. S M Gavaskar, M 
Azharuddn. D B Vengsa/kar. M 
Amamatti. R J ShastrL *Ka pt Dev. tC 
SPamfe. C Sharma. Msnimfer Sngh. N S 

Boon: looked confident 

Boon cut and drove five lours 
and always looked far more 
confidenL He was fortunate in 
the day's final over, though, 
when bis fifth ball, against the 
left arm spinner Maninder 
Singh, was cut through Pandit's 

.All told it was hardly stirring 
stuff, but the occasion will have 
its own little niche in the history 
books. The delayed start total- 
ling three days four hours was 
the longest for any Test. Since 
five-day Tests became the norm, 
only two previous matches have 
failed to start until the fourth 
day: England v Pakistan at 
Lord's in 19S4 which began at 
3.45 with nearly three hours left 
or the fourth day: and Australia 
v England at Sydney in 1954-55 
which got underway at 2 pm. 

Meanwhile, the chances of an 
extra Test match being included 
in a rejigged itinerary for die 

Australians receded a little yes- 
terday when it was learned that 
there was no suitable flight 
home for the touring team if 
they deferred their departure for 
24 hours. An announcement is 
to be made today. 

Somerset members to 
meet in November 

Somerset members will 
thrash out the row over the 
dismissal of Viv Richards and 
Joel Gamer at a special general 
meeting at Shcpton Mallei on 

Nm ember 8. ... .. 

The meeting wU to told I art 
The Showerings Pavilion, the 
Rpval Bath and West 
Show-ground, at 2.13pm- after 
plans for a postal kollatwcrc 
rejected by a group of members 
Seeking a vote of no confidence 
in the committee. . 


Strenwly^ sapp0 ' n “ U lhaI aK 

critics would not accept the 
result of a postal ballot or 
referendum on the issue. The 
club has retch cd many letters 
and phone calls from members 
asking for this, and we fell if 
would be a much fairer way for 
all the members to register their 
opinion. Furthermore, the extra 

expense involved will probablv 
be over £5.000." 

A small group of members 
from both sides win shortly 
discuss the shape of the special 
meeting, and details will be sent 
10 all full member? in the next 
few days. 


Croft is set 
to return 
next month 

By a Correspondent 

June Croft, aged 23. Britain's 
No. I sprint swimmer until she 
retired from competition foll- 
owing the Los Angeles Olympics 
two years ago, looks certain to 
be returning to racing action at 
the Yorkshire Bank Open Inter- 
nationa] Gala at Darlington, 
from October 31 to November 

In specially arranged official 
lime tnals during the weekend — 
the Lancashire Age Group 
championships at Horwich — 
Miss Croft swam creditable 
times of 21 J sec for 50 metres, 
on the way to 57.7sec for 100 
metres freestyle. After a short 
rest, she was in the water again 
to swim 200 metres in 2min 
05sec Her 100 metres time 
would have won this year's 
National Short Course 

Miss Croft’s trials times have 
been ratified by Dr Ian Gibbs, 
president of the Lancashire 
ASA. and submitted for consid- 
eration for her to fill one of the 
spare places during the GB 
versus US match at the Darling- 
ton Olympic pool over two 

Miss Croft has been misting 
the excitement of competition 
since her retirement, and is now 
back in full training with two 
sessions a day. and says she 
wants to continue right through 
to the 1988 Olympics in Seoul. 
This is welcome news, because 
due to lack of top-class women 
freestyle sprinters available. 
Britain did not enter a team for 
the 4 x 100m relay at this 
summer's world championships 
in Madrid. 


Poles stop Berlin 
going to the wall 

From Michael Coleman, West Berlin 

The Berlin marathon may lag 
behind those in Chicago and 
New York as far as cash 
incentives to the top runners are 
concerned, but whatever the 
outcome of the forthcoming 
races in the American cities, 
they will hardly be able to rival 
this one for its odd result and 
drama worthy of a champion- 

The quality of Sunday’s turn- 
out showed that the magnet to 
Berlin is not as strong, but at 
least the day was saved by the 
Poles, who finished in five of the 
first 15 places and nine of the 
first 30. 

The race director, Horst 
Milde, had scoured Europe for 
athletes capable of docking 2 hr 
1 0m in or better in order to hoist 
Berlin's profile. The mass 
panidpation of 1 4,000 ninners, 
of whom 1,000 were British, and 
its well-earned reputation as the 
“friendly one", was not enough 
to put Bolin into the top bracket 
however. This isolated, divided 
city celebrates its 750th anniver- 
sary next year and this together 
with its grandeur and the emo- 
tional impact of the route along 
which the marathon race pro- 
gresses. has been fuelling 
dreams of malting it The Race. 

But air tickets, five-star hotels 
and generous prizes are not 
sufficient to draw the names 
these days: the vital question is 
now how much is “up front", 
bow much will be actually on 
the table on arrival. The spirit 
that inspired the likes of Owens, 
Iso-Hollo. Lovelock. Son. John- 
son and Whitlock, whose names 
are chiselled into the granite 
columns at the Olympic Sta- 
dium, now seems 50 years out of 

To the Berliners' surprise, 
though, and eventual relief the 
Poles sent over a golden hoard 
of runners who invaded the city, 
most of them -penniless in 
Western cash terms. Fioir 
among them, emerged the un- 
known Boguslaw Psujek, a 
10,000 metre track runner until 

Psujek's time of 2hr 11 min 
03sec. which beat the course 
best time of 2=1 1.43 set last year 
byJrmmy Ashworth of Britain, 
earned him a Dm 10,000 first 
prize plus an extra Dm 5,000 for 
the record. In all, it came to 
about £5.000, which is a year’s 
salary for him. The women's 
winner, Charlotte Teske of West 
Germany, also set a course 
record, of 232.1Q. forcing into 
second place last year’s winner, 
Magda llands offidgium, whose 
2:33.13 was a personal best. 

The race was marred only by 
the fatal collapse 15 minutes 
from the line of a 2hr 50min 
Berliner who had run too am- 
bitiously after recovering from a 
heart complaint Although good 
ammunition for the anti-fit 
brigade, “he might just as easily 
have died watching TV" ob- 
served Dr Ron Kirieham, 
consultant anaesthetist and 
director of the intensive care 
unit at St James’ Hospital, 
Dublin, who ran the race 

Title bout 

Caracas <AP) - The Venezue- 
lan, Israel Contreras, will chal- 
lenge the world champion 
Kaosay Galaxi of Thailand for 
the junior bantamweight title in 
a bout scheduled for October 18 
on the island of Curacao. 


England in 

By Sydney Friskin 

England can expea a testing 
match against Australia at Pick- 
ens Lock today in preparation 
for the World Cup tournament 
starting at Willesden next Sat- 

Although injuries might 
tempt England not to field their 
strongest eleven, defeat would 
not do the team's morale much 
good. Stephen Batchelor did not 
play for England against Canada 
on Sunday and Clift went off in 
the second half anxious not to 
aggravate an earlier groin injury. 

Australia have banked on 
experience in selecting their 
squad. Cbariesworth. who has 
led them in more than 100 
international matches, has him- 
self been plagued by injury in 
the past two years; but they look 
strong in all departments. 

England will need to change 
their tactics because their oppo- 
nents thrive on their midfield 
creative ability. Against Canada, 
England attacked mainly from 
quick breaks along the flanks 
which though effective seem 
unlikely to pay rich dividends 
against the experience of Austra- 

The match could resolve itself 
into a battle of short comer 
experts. The system has been 
working well for England with 
Leman doing the stopping and 
Barber the striking. 

The Netherlands, who are in 
England’s World Cup group, 
won a three nations tournament 
at Laren on Sunday, playing 
host to Argentina and Spain. 
The Soviet Union, who had 
agreed to play, changed their 
minds ot> realizing that their 
opening World Cup match on 
Saturday is against the Dutch. 


Real go to the top but not without a struggle 

Real Madrid, the European 
Cup's oldest campaigners, will 
have to raise their game in 
tomorrow’s first round second 
teg tie against Young Boys of 
Berne, after a disappointing 1-0 
home win against lowly Real 
Soriadad in the Spanish League 
at the weekend. 

Winners of the Cup six times. 
Real are J-0 down to the Swiss 
champions after the first leg in 
Berne. But they have the 
consolation of knowing their 
opponents arc also struggling to 
find their form. At home to 
Ve»ey at the weekend. Young 
Boys led 2-1 until five minutes 
before the end. when com- 
placency gave the visitors the 

In the league. Real's victory 
look them one point above 
Barcelona, who extracted a 2-2 
draw from their trip to Athletic 
Bilbao. Gary Lineker, the En- 
gland forward, returned to form, 
scoring one goal and setting up 
the other. Meanwhile. Real 
Zaragoza. Spain's repre- 
sentatives in the Cup Winners' 
Cup. will go into their match 
against Roma with confidence 
boosted by their first away win 
of the season — a 2-1 victory 
against Real Murcia. Roma won 
the first leg 2-0. 

Roma's warm-up for the 
game consisted of a drab OO 
draw against Verona, one of four 
goalless draws in eight Italian 
first division garner. Only seven 
goals were scored — one more 
than the record low — as the 

defences kept an iron grip on 
affairs. Jurenfus did no more 
than was necessary, a 1-0 away 
win at Empoli stretching their 
lead at the top of the league to 
two points. 

The league champions have 

ya to concede a goal this season 
and are unlikely to break the 
habit in their European Cup 
match against Valor, of Iceland. 
Juvcntus won the first leg 7-0. 

• ZURICH: The Swiss 
League's first and second di- 

visions are to be reduced from. 
J 6 teams to 12 from next season 
(Reuter reports). The league's 
general assembly has accepted a 
proposal to reduce the size of the 
top two divisions in an attempt 
to increase gates. 


ARGENTINIAN: Independents 0. Ferro 
CarrU Oesfe 0: Rtver PBHe 2. institute 
(Cordate) 3: Deportvp Esponai a 
Neweo s Old Boys 1: Sen Lorenzo de 
Almraro Z Estudantss de ta Plata 0: 
Tetnperioy 1. Racing (Cordoba) 1: Union 
2. Depomvo llabano 1: Argentnos Jetton 
t. Boca Jura ors ft Gormasa Espvna la 
Plea ft Vale* Sarrttid 1: Rosart Central 
2, Piatense 1: Taflaras (Cordoba) 3, 

BELGIAN Lofcarsn i PC Lien 1: Racing 
Jet 3 Antwerp 0: Mtoeton 3 Warsgem f; 
Kortnjfc 7. Der c he m 0: Motenteefc 4, 
(a era 0: Chartens 0 Beveran 4; Cfeb 
Bruges 2 Andertecht 1: D ee red m l 1, 
Gertie Bowes (h Standard L»ge 1 
Ser»ng 1. Lotting posHha K 1. dab 
Bruges. Spa: 2. Standard Liege. ft 3. 

BULGARIAN: Spartak Varna 2 Sana t: 
Vittsha 3 Beroe ft Vratsa 3 OaMnwgrad 
1; Sbvsn 2 Lokomotiv Plovdiv 1: Trafea 5 
Pmn 1 : Akademk Sotia 2 Chamomarats 1: 
Spare* Raven 1 Etur 1: Sracfets 3 
Lokomobv Sofia 3. Lwfiog p otifan: 1. 
Sredets. lOpts. z Slav*. lO, 3, Vteshe. 

VjfrQvia 0; Bank. Ostrava 3. Slpna 
Otomoue ft DAC tWBhto Smda 1. 

Bysmca t: Tatran Prasov 0. Sparta 
Prague t Dynamo Ceska Budetov«e t, 
SteSa Plzen 0- Leading po tifl a wa: 1, 
Sparta Prague. I2pts: 2. Bohemians 
Prague. iftRH Chen. 9. 

DUTCH: Fortune Smart 0 VW Vanto ft 
Haatfem 0 Twerae Enscnede 3; GA EagiBS 
Deventer 1 AZ 67 ASunaer 1: PSV 
Bnfnven 0 Feyenoora Rotterdam ft 
Excelsior Rotterdam 1 Den Bosch 2: Den 
Haag 2 PEC Zwoee 2. ROda JC Kertoade 
3 Gramgen 2: Veentfem 0 Ajax Amster- 

dam 1: Sparta Rot te rdam 3 Utrecht Ol 
L eading positions: 1. Den Bosch. TSpts; 
Ajax. 14; PSV Bndhoven, 14. 

GREEK: Apotion Athens 0 Kafemarfe 1: 
Ans 0 PAOK 1: Verna 0 PanfeiMS ft 
Etrtrakos 1 ABC ft Ixekfis 2 Yannina ft 
Otymtiakos 3 Larissa ft OH 3 Doxa a 
niagaras 2 PanahftMos 0. Lawftng 
poertioas: 1, PAOK. 7pts ft Ofympakos. 
a: OR ft 

HUNGARIAN: Homed Budapest a 
Befcsscsaba 1: MSC Pees ft Vasas ft 
Oozsa Ujpest 4. Zajagemxeg ft Siofafc ft 
Videoton a Eger 1. Fro l:Dunaujvaros2. 
HaladasO: MTK VM ftTafebenya 1: Rata 
Eto 1. Debrecen 1. Leading p wft i nf 1. 
Dazsa UipesL llpts ft SzonOethtiy. tl; 
Fenmcvanas. 11: ft SportHig. ft 
rrAUAtfcAvettno 0 NapoB ft Brescia 0 
Rorantiaa ft Empoli 0 Juwntus 1 : Mien 2 
Ataiama 1: Rone 0 Venooa ft Ssmpdana 
0 Como 1: Torino 0 Ascoti a Udnese 0 
tntemaoonahs 0. L eading positions: 
Juventus. 6pts: Ascoti, 4; Empok 4. 
POLISH: Rueh Cnoraovr 1. Lech Poznan 
1: Sts! Mnfee 3, GKS Katoroce 1: Pogon 
Szczean 2. Patents Bytom ft Wtezew 
Lodz i. Legfe Warszawa 1; OfexoB 
Poznan z GomS Wsterzych 3; Gomk 
Zabrze 1. Zagidrc Lubtn 3: Stash Wro- 
claw Z Lochia Gdansk 1; Motor Lubin 0. 
LKS Lodz 0. Leading nnaib'gnr 1. Pogon 
Szezeon. TSpts; 2. Sasic Wroclaw 13: 
Com* ZaWB. 13. 

PORTUGUESE: D etanonsas 2 Sporting 
Lisbon ft Academca 1 Porto £ 
Portimonense 2 Braga ft Benflea 3. 
Bomata 1; Qtaves 3 Farense afbo AwO 
Marttkno ft SNgueeos 2 Varznn 1: 
Guknaraes i Bvas 0. Leading p e titi o ns: 
1. Befenenses. 10p&: 2. Bento. 1ft 
Gumaraes. 10. 

ROMANIAN: Steaua Bucharest 3 M 
Petresam ft Corwu Hunedoara S 
Flacara More™ i: Victoria Bucharest 2 

FCM Brasov 1 : ChMa ftmau Vtoa 6 
Sons Buzau I: SC Bacau iFCftft 
Peotiul Ptotesa 3 Rand Bodmt ft 
Unraersdatea auj Napoo 0 Dinamo 
Bucharest 0. Leading positions : 1. 
Ste a m Bucharest. IOcke 2 . Dnamo 
Bucharest, ft 3. netioM Ptetssti. B. ’ 
SPANISH.- AMstic Bkbso Z B a rcelo na 2: 
Heal Madrid i. Real SoctsdadO; Cadiz 0. 
Attedco Madrid 1: Sabadek 1. Real 
Mttxea 3; Senile ft Racing ft Real 
VaSadoM 1. Osasura 1; EsparoO, Real 
Beta 1; Real Murcia t. Real Zaragoza ft 
Las Paknas 3. Sporting 4. Leading 
g otten* 1. Real Madrid. lOpts ft 

SWISS: Aanni 1. PC Zurich 1: Bole 1. 
Htattngen f: BeAnzons 3. Lucerne ft La 
Chauxrte-Eonds 0. Son ft- Grasshopper 
Zoneh i.NeuchattiXamaxO.Lausanneft 
StGalienft Servetts Genera 5. Locarno 2: 

1 Boys Berne ft Vevey ft Lmtfing 

-a** 1. Neuchatel Xanax. 13ptE 

. 13: Grasshopper* 12 . 

WEST GERMAN: Werter Bremen 1, 
Bayern Munch 1: Portuna Dussaktort ft 
Sojafee 4; NwembBQ 1 . Bayer Uenfenan 
V- 9 ofa ¥! e 9 Stuttgart ft Bochomft 
Eintracnt Frankfurt 0; Borussia 
M qmcfen jadbach ft Bayer L— riaisan 
1: Htwtom 3. PC Hanteug 1: Kasers- 
tauiem ft waktiiol Mannhem ft Bomssia 
Oortgrnf 7. Biau Wtiss BertnO. Leading 
HStaOBK 1 . Bayem Mato. 13pB; ft 
Hamtwg. ift ft Bayer Le«erXua«Ll 1 . 
YUGOSUVtSpBC* Suttebca ft RaOtoi 
ns 1: Hattie Split o. Varda r ft Velez 
Mtebr 3.5ujBsiw Mk&z i; Sarajevo ft 

CeBk ZMa 2. w> ft Lsadtag pe- 
titions: 1. varxtar. 1 Ms-. Dinamo Zagreb. 


South Koreans lay 
reputations bare 

Seoul (Reuter) — South Ko- 
rea continued to be masterful 
hosts of the Asian Gaines 
yesterday as they upset the 
traditionally powerful nations of 
Pakistan and China in hockey 
and badminton to win the gold 

Pakistan, toe Olympic cham- 
pions, who had felled to win the 
men's hockey title just once in 
the last seven Asian Games, 
were unable to withstand the 
aggressive barrage of the South 
Koreans on their normally wa- 
ter-tight defence and went down 
3-1 as Han Jong-Ryul scored the 
decisive goaL India took the 
bronze medal with a 4-1 victory 
over Malaysia. 

Just how well the South 
Koreans are preparing them- 
selves for the 1988 Olympics, 
which they are to host, was 
evident in the badminton hall as 
they stunned the Chinese, hold- 
ers of the Thomas Cup, by 
carrying off the team gold medal 
after a 3-0 white-wash 

China's players stormed off 
court after the defeat. The 
Chinese claimed the line calls 
favoured the Koreans and the 
medal ceremony was delayed by 
90 minutes until Games officials 
over-ruled their complaints. 
Indonesia and India both re- 
ceived bronze medals, but at 
least China had some compen- 
sation when they white- washed 
Japan to win the women's event. 

China also caused a major 
row in table tennis, where their 
players swept into all five 
individual finals. Xu Sbaofa, tbe 
coach, stunned a 5.000 capacity 
crowd when be ordered Teng Yt 
and Dai Lili, his mixed doubles 
pair, to sop playing because he 
disagreed with Mohammed 
Amin, the Palestinian umpire. 
Games officials changed tbe 

umpire and the Chinese beat 
their South Korean opponents 
in straight sets. 

That was only a minor set- 
back for South Korea as their 
celebrations intensified when 
Kim Jin-ho produced the first 
world record of tbe Games - 
shooting 673 points in the 60m 
double archery event. Kim went 
two points dear of the world 
best set by Ivan Soldatova, of 
the Soviet Union, last year. 

Hwang Woo-Won gave Souih 
Korea ftirther success in ihe 
weightlifting as he hoisted an 
Asian record 360kg in the 100kg 
division. The former record of 
355kg was also beaten by Gu 
Yining. of China, who lifted 
357.5kg to win the silver medal. 

China however took the first 
three gold medals in athletics — 
the 20km walk, the women's 
javelin and long jump, but failed 
in the only event to contain a 
world dass line-up, the men's 
10,000ra. Masanari Sbintaku. of 
Japan, won the gold medal after 
fighting off a strong challenge by 
Kim Jonp-Yoon. of South Ko-.^ 
rea to win a Games record ol'V’ 
28min 26.74sec. 

WOttMK Javatin: 1. Ij Baoten (Ciunai. 
fSWZm. Long joap: 1, L Wanton (dma)! 

a. 37 m. 

E-SS? “S Iff? *** : '■ Oim »: ! 


PWBppuiM, 5J73 (Games rec). 

Arehwy: Mm «kn doubtae 1 . k jtn^o 

tinafc Soto 

Xiangjtvi (Cm 

Hockey: Manta 

fttagnl. ' Third pfacaptoroM: 

Badmintofc Manta team fmat Somt, 

Korra ft Draft Woman China 5. 


Wigan in readiness 

St Helens supporters are being 
warned by Wigan officials u> set 
off early for tomorrow's Lan- 
cashire Cup semi-final game at 
Central Park (Keith Macklin 

The kick-off for the game has 
been put back from 7.30 to 7.45 
because a crowd of around 
30.000 is expected, and road- 
works are already reducing traf- 
fic to single line and causing 
massive congestion in Wigan 
town centre. The match is 

between two unbeaten sides 
and record receipts for ih ; 
competition of more iha« 
£62.000 are anticipated. 

Six players with prcicnsinn. 
to kick goals for Great 
the forthcoming 

Australia today attend the fi™! 

ever lucking dime" organSd 
by the League at 
College. Leeds. They anTeoh 
Beardmore. Dervck Fox 
Gregory. Joe Lydon. Lee 
and Shaun Edwards. Crooks 


Cuitlin u l Crow page 41 

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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

■ ’ V , -'IIH 

. ;A > 


'■ ■: ,Ji b ^‘IL.^V' 

I 6 -00 Ceefax AM. News 
* hesffines. weather, travel 

and sports bulletins. 
s -50 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Salty 
Magnusson in London and 
Jeremy Paxman in 
Blackpool tor the Labour 
Party Conference. 

Weather at 635, 7.25, 

735, 8J5 and «5; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6-57, 7.27, 
737 and 8£7; nafional and 
international news at 730, ' 
730, 630,630 and 930i 
sport at 730 and 8.20; and 
a review of the morning 

■ newspapers at 837. 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 

Diamond and Adrian 
Brawn. News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at 630. 730, 
730, 830. 830 and 830; 
financial report at 835; 
sport at 6.40 and 730; 
exercises at 635 and 9.17; 
cartoon at 7.25; pop music 
at 735; and Jeni Barnett's 
postbag at 835. The After 
Nine Quests indude David 

J . ■ t. V V 

if ft - it 

: «ii- /i newspapers at BJ7. 

A 05 Labour Party Confawnce 
* . V* 4 'ftS'V , 1986 from Blackpool. 

' °- 30 P*®y School, presented to 


. 3*$ 

' ' 0 °uJtfcL,- 

,.*1030 Playschool, presented by 
Ben Thomas with guest. 
rS? - Card CheJL (r) 

(V1 1030 Labour Party Conference 

1986- Further coverage of 
the debates in Blackpool 
1230 approximately 

130 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Cover dale, 
incfudas news headlines 
with subtitles 135 
Regional news. The 
weather details come from 
Bill Giles 1.30 Bagpuss. A 
See-Saw programme for 
me very young, (r) 1.45 

Ipo Labour Party Conference 
W- 1 986. This afternoon's 
p session includes Neil 

Kin nock's keynote speech 
to the Conference 332 
Regional news. 

335 JinUxi and the 
4.00 The Chucklehounds. 
(r) 435 Captain Caveman. 
(r| 420 Beat the Teacher. 


* (r| 420 Beat the Teacher. 

... • ' s Pad Jones introduces 

'■‘MStMlPvL, another round of the 

. V1 *M 1$ teachers versus pupils 

quiz game 435 

n ^r)'J»s.oa J R r , « 

Newsround 5.10 Butterfly 
^ kfefc r fr L Island. Drama serial set 

‘ ' 1 ‘ iL ■ t 6 on a remote island off the 

•r.. w Great Barrier Reef 52S 

i . ® 'bilt The FBntstones. Cartoon 

•-■xdiSat^ series. 

- ; 'MUm,rt;6.00 News with Sue Lawley and 
:’*j» Nicholas WitcheU. 

" ; v - WW5 I * Weather. 

. 625 London Plus presented by 

■ ^ John Stapleton. Linda 

■ *i«trb|i MitcheB and Caroline 

. Woodards of Pontypod, 

■‘.nnifaj winners for the past two 

“ •'^yiwibpfci weeks, are challenged by 

■ - > C'-Tisitohy the McLauchlan family 

■ r-uJifc-j from Paisley. Introduced 

. 7**** by Noel Edmonds. 

‘ w ™*|7_30 EastEnders. Tom and 

- feBntap 

■ bi 

i’» GAMES 

th Koreans 

'30 EastEnders. Tom and 
Debs are holding the fort 
at The Queen Vic whSe the 
rest of the regulars are at 
the wedding; Dot receives 
an unexpected reaction to 
her unkind words; and 
Roly causes chaos. 

30 Open AD Hours. Nurse 
Gladys and Granville hatch 
a plot to teach Arkwright a 
lesson about his rudeness 
I to customers, (r) (Ceefax) 
[30 Help! Comedy series 
about three young 

about three young 
Liverpudlians, this 

reputations hi SB. 

kfiiw Liverpudlians, this week 
I Mil panicking when Annie’s 
i/Mxt Cafe is threatened with a 
..,w compulsory purchase ■■ 

_ order. Starring Stephen 
,v 1 ^ McGann, David Albany 
‘ . , _ and Jack Abraham. 

..V® (Ceefax) 

.10 News with John Hunphrys 
'^f. and Andrew Harvey. 

■ r^r Regional news and 

4 u weather 

'^TO Big Deal. Debby agrees to 

■ - :‘:i t take part in a motor-bike 

s t race in a dockskte area 
vZ but has to raise the E500 
. - entry money first Starring 
.n.qjf Ray Brooks and Sharon 
.....j Dues. (Ceefax) 

' V -3 World-wide Concert for 
: Refugees. Part two. 

l'., Luciano Pavarotti with the 
choirs of Pro Arte. 

"i Lausanne and Swiss 
Radio perform the Finale 
• ■ * from Verdi's Nabucco. 

Among others taking part 
- are Yehudi Menuhin, Isaac 
. . ■ Stem, Amre-Sophie 
Mutter, Vladimir 
. Ashkenazy, who 

.j •- accompanies Lynn HarreU 
in a movement from a 
i'i Bebthoven ’oelk) sonata, 

. Nanas co Ypes and John 

-.5 approximately Weather. 

925 Thames news headflnas. 

930 Fw Schools: generating 
eleclricHy 935^ The need 
for rules 10.09 Fireman 
and a demo ns trat i on of 
fire-fighting equipment 
1026 The rote ofa 
member of parttemant 
■ 10-48 A-tevel geography 
11.10 A demonstration of 
changing pitch through 
melodies 1127 Harvest 
time 11-44 Part one of 
Betsy Byers's drama. The 
Night Swimmers. 

1230 Tickle oo the Tun. vaiage 
tales for children, (r) 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning with 
puppets, (rt 1220 The 
Suavans. Drama serial 
about an Australian family 
during the Forties. 

1.00 Ncnws at One 120 Thames 

120 Mr Palfrey of 
Westminster. The 
investigator's assistant. 
Blair, is reluctant to bug 
the flat of a Ministry of 
Defence operative. Why? 
(r) (Oracle) 

230 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on the problems faced by 
the 13& million women 
who wear clothes size 1 6 
and upwards. With Tom 
Vernon. Little Mo 
Moretand of the Rofy- 
Potys, and Anne 

3.00 Heirf6om.Thi8 week's 
edition of the antiques 
programme includes items 
on Insurance and the 
country’s most valuable 
chairs 325 Thames news 
headlines 330 The Young 
Doctors. Medical drama 
series set in a large 
Australian efty hospital. 

430 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch, (r) 4.10 Road 
Runner. Cartoon 420 
CAB- Serial set in a junk 
shop owned by a Ma 
Mossop 4.45 Splash. The 
Minister tor the 
Environment William 
Waldegrave, answers 
questions on add rain. 
There are also items on 
hairstyles and creepy 

5.15 Blockbusters. Bob 

Hotness presents another 
round of the general 
knowledge game for 

5.45 News&OO Thames news. 

625 Repotting London: One 
Year Later. A live report 
from the Broadwater Farm 
Estate, one year after the 
riots caused by the death 
of Mrs Jarrett. 

730 Enunefdale Farm. Joe 
Sugden makes a 

, momentous decision 
' about hteTuture7 ~ 

7.30 George and Mildred. With 
steeping arrangements 
complicated by the arrival 
of his in-laws. George 
decides to trade his car for 
a caravan, (r) 

8.00 Yarwood’s Royal Variety 
Show. Comedy sketches 
from the man of many 
parts; and music from his 
quests, Elaine Paige, and 

• The Nolans, (see Choice) 

930 First Among Equals. 
Episode one of a ten-part 
adaptation of Jeffrey 
Archer's novel about four 
ambitious MPs who take 
their seats In the 
Commons in 1964. 

Starring Tom Wilkinson, 
James Faulkner, David 
Robb and Jeremy Child. 
(Oracle) (see Choice) 

1030 News atTen. Weather 
followed by Thames news 

1020 Snooker. Quarterfinal 
action m the BCE 
International, introduced 
by Dickie Davies from 
Trentham Gardens. Stoke- . 

12.15 Night Thoughts. 

The z«w MPs First Among 
Equals, on ITV, 9.00pm 

635 Open University; Energy - 
Closing the Gap. Ends 720 . 

930 Gharbar. This week's 
edition indudes an item 
about enjoying fife when 
old. 925 Ceetex. 

925 Daytime on Two: (earning 
to ski to Austria 932 Using 
a model for a portrait of a 
fictitious character 10.15 A 
tale of a young girl who 
adopts a badger 1028 

• "Going to the House of 
Commons, sir ?',.asks the 
chauffeur of the brand-new 
Tory MP. bound for Westm i nster 
to be sworn in on the flret day 
of term. "Further than that, I 
hope' comas the reply. 

Already, you see. the man has 
his beady eye on No 10. 

Whether he eventually crosses 
that awesome thrash hold as 
resident and not visitor, or ■ 
whether that crowning 
honour will fell to one of other 
three new boys on their way 
to the oath-taking ceremony to 
the first instalment of Jeffrey 

EQUALS (ITV. 9.00pm), 
remains to be seen, if only as an 

elaborate guessing game, 
then, Archer's political drama 
packs quite a punch. Having 
restated the temptation to ffick 
through the pages of the 
paperback editions of the novel 
that practically obliterate the 
other volumes on the 


220 Conference Report. Glyn 
Mathias introduces Nve 
coverage of Neil Kmnock's 
speech to the Labour 
Party Conference to 


booksellers' fiction shelves 
these days. I keep thinking of 
what happened to the lady 
who was bom over her tether's 
grocer's shop in Grantham, 

Ones and have decided to put my 
money on the Labour chap 
who was bom over his father's 
butcher's shop to Leeds. 


• in its own modest way. 

SHOW (ITV, 8.00pm) is as 
much about vaunting ambition as 
is Jeffrey Archer's yam. Not 
content with going to the 
Palladium as the Prince of 
Wales, and then insinuating 
himself into the skin of Lord 
Delfont to toe Royal Box, the 
impressionist also portrays 
every single entertaineronstage. 
One wonders why he didn't 
go toe whole hog and pretend he 

C Radio 4 

On tong wave (s) Stereo on VHF 
535 snipping. 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

Exploring the physics of 
pedal power 1130 Ancient 
and modem methods of 
matting paper 11.17 How 
the extraction of the raw 
materials for cement 
affects the landscape 
11-40 Wondermaths. 

1137 Arithmetic progressions; 
and shuffles 12.18 Maths: 
rounding numbers up, and 
down 1240 The second of 
five programmes 
exploring toe role of the 
member of parliament 
1.05 Ceefax 123 Buddy, 
part one of a five-episode 

drama serial starring 
Roger Daltrey 230 For 
four- and fiv^year olds. 
2.15 Ceefax. 

330 Labour Parte Conference 

I 535 Ceefax. 

520 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

525 Harold Lloyd” CGps from 
the 1924 film. Hot Water, 
and the comedian’s first 
two-reefer, made to 1919, 
Bumping Into Broadway, (r) 

630 No Limits. Jenny Powell 
and Tony Baker are on ttte 
Isle of Aten where they get 
a soaking sitting at the 
prow of a newly launched 
toe-boat Plus, the latest 
videos and pop music. 

630 Buddy. Episode four of the 
five-part drama series 
starring Roger Daltrey. (ri 

7.15 Under SAwith the crew 
of toe TaD Ship, Royafist, 
taking {tart In the Cutty 
Saik Tail Ships' race from 
Margate to Zeebrucge. 

725 Issues of Law. Michael 
Molyneux explores the 
world of sofiotors and 

830 Floyd on Food. Keith 
Floyd tests his culinary 
skws on a captive 
audience - six French 
irawiermen holed up in . 
Newfyn Harbour because 
of storms- (first shown on 
BBC South West) 

820 World-wide Conceit for 
Refugees, part one, 
introduced tive from 
Geneva by Catherine 
Deneuve, Gina 
Lollobrigida. Peter 
. Ustinov, and tonight’s 
principal conductor, Lorin 

320 Snooker. Quarterfinal 
action from the BCE 
International at Trentham 
Gardens. Stoke-on-Trent 
The commen t ators are 
John Putman, Dennis 
Taylor, Rex Williams. Ray 
Edmonds and Mark 

5.00 Bewitched. Sorcery is 
brought into action when 
neighbours petition 
Samantha and Darrin to 
remove a deddecHy sad 

Among the artists 
art in the first part 

taking part in toe first part 

are iun Te Kanawa, 
Krystian Zimerman, Itzhak 
Perlman, Sarah 
Brightman, and Jessye 
Norman. Part two is on 
BBC 1 at 102 a 
1 1030 Top Gear includes a 

preview of the new BMW 7 
series; and a report on 
used tyres that are 
dumped in this country 
from overseas countries 
where they are illegaL 

1030 Newanigtit1125 

1130 Open University: Public 
Sculpture - The Piazza 
Della Signoria. Ends at 
12 . 00 . 

NB: programme times after the 

concert are approx ima te. 

weeping willow. 

520 Make It Pay. In this 

week’s programme to the 
series on hobbles that 
could be made profitable, 
Stephen Atkinson 
discusses decorative 
ironwork and pressed 
flowers, (r) (Oracle) 

630 Barry Setback ana the Big 
Wide World. Part one of a 
dramatized series 
designed to help those 
who have left home for the 
first time. 

630 Conference Report. Glyn 
Mathias introduces 
highlights of toe day’s 
debates at Blackpool, and 
Mr Kinnock's keynote 
speech to the Labour 
Party Conference. 

730 Channel 4 News. 

730 Comment from Sophie 
Mills, a student from 
Oxford. Weather. 

830 Brookside. Bobby 
reluctantly informs the 
management about Bitiy 
Preece's HI ness, expecting 
them to sack him. but is 
amazed to find that they 
are agreeable to his 
compromise suggestions; 
Harry's good news cuts no 
ice with his alienated 
neighbours; and Ruth and 
Heather go to the flat to 
find Chame and Nick, who 
is in a desperate state. 

820 4 What It’s Worth 

presented by Penny J un or 
who has disturbing news 
about some hole-in-the- 
wall cash dispensers. 

They can be fraudulently 
manipulated with 
something as simple as a 
home computer; BiH 
Brack on investigates if 
British Rail are really 
getting there; and David 
Stafford discovers the 
best fire-control equipment 

930 Fibre The Ghost 

Breakers* (1940) starring 
Bob Hope. Paulette 
Goddard. Paul Lukas and 
Anthony Quinn. Comedy 
horror about a radio 
columnist and an heiress 
who helps him escape 
from the attentions of toe 
police by smuggling him 
on board a boat taking her 
to Cuba where she is to 
claim her inheritance - a 
haunted castle. Directed 
by George Marshall. 

1025 Prince in Concert Paula 
Yates introduces a 
concert by toe pop singer. 
Prince, recorded m June to 

11.40 New Orleans Now. The 
fourth and final part of toe 
series tracing the origins 
of the legendary musical 
traditions of New Orleans. 
Ends at 12.40. 

520 Today, fnd 620, 720, 

820 News. B4S 
Business News 635, 735 
Weather. 7.00, 820 
News. 720 Letters. 72S, 
82S Sport. 745 Thought 
for toe Day 

843 Figures in a Bygone 
Landscape. Playwright 
Don Haworth's 
autobiography read by 
Stephen Thome (7l 8-57 
Weather; Travel 

930 News 

935 Tuesday Calk 01- 
580 4411. Phone-in. 

1030 News: From Our Own 
Correspondent Lite and 
politics abroad. 

1020 Morning Story: The 
Greenhouse, by Harry 
Barton. Reader David 

1045 Dally Service (New Every 
Morning, page 79) (s) 

11.00 News: Travel; Thirty- 

Mi note Theatre: Blow the 
Wind, by Bernard Edwards. 
With Gareth Thomas. 

The story of a planned race 
around Cape Horn in 
T914 (s) 

1123 The Living World. 

Experts tackle questions 
from Rutland Natural History 

1230 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer Advice. 

1227 Legal, Decent, Honest 
and Truthful. Comedy 
series set in an advertising 
agency, with Martin 
Jarvis and Christopher 
Godwin. 1225 Weather; 

130 The World At One: News 

1.40 The Archers. 125 

230 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes an interview 
with the South African MP 
Helen Suzman, noted 
campaigner for civil rights. 

330 News: The Afternoon 
Play: Burning toe 
Ballroom Down, by Colin 
MacDonald. Cast 
includes Jimmy Chisholm 

and Atm Louise Ross. 

430 News 

435 What's New in 
Architecture? Coin 
Antery reflects on the state 1 
of modem architectire 
with contributors todudrng 
Richard Rogers, 

. Nicholas Rldtey and Norman 
St John-Stevaa. 

420 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edmon, 

-92.5; Radio 4: 2 


Di sc overing 

BORDER ** London except 

— - n IJBpm-1 JO News 320- 

COO Sons and Daughters BJO 
Lootaround 625-730 Crossroads 
l2.1Saa> Closedown. 


News are NonttemUtoUS-ZoO 
Oossroods 12.15am Sod Instate and Out 
12£S Closedown. 

■igTinw 140-1 JO News too Cross- 
roads 625-7 M NswsIZISm JoWteder 
l-W Company. Closedown. 

was Same Paige and The 
Nolans, too. Such Is the man's 
phenomenal talent that he 
would probably have got away 
with it 

• The reghts other 
high Bahts indude toe two-part 
(BBC2, 8.30pm and BBC1. 
1020). with a line-up of 
celebrities that no single 
impresario could ever afford. 

It crosses the BBC channels at 
the half-way stage 
presumably so that Newsnight 
can accommodate the 
Kinnock speech in Blackpool 
(BBC2. 10-30L.1 also 
recommend ITS BEAUTIFUL 
BUT.. (Radio 4,8.30) which 
shows how dangerously easily 
toe instant judgment of young 
visitors to Britain can become the 
entrenched and inheritable 
wisdom of adulthood. 

Peter Davalle 

repeatedJndudes comment 
on the new production of 
The Mikado at the Coliseum, 
and toe Rattio 4 drama 
production The Holy 
Experiment, adapted by 
Basil Ashmore from the play 
by Fritz Hochwaldeqr) 

52Q PM. News magazine. 

520 Shipping. 525 

630 News: Financial Report 
620 Top of the Form. General 
knowledge contest. First 
round (3). Wales versus toe 
west fr) 

730 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 File on 4. Major issues at 
home and abroad. 

8.00 Brainwaves. Education 

Radio 3 

Margaret Percy, including 
reports on the education 
debates at toe party 

820 The Tuesday Feature: 
it's Beautiful, 

But . . . Young back-packing 
travellers talk about their 
first impressions of Europe. 
930 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap. 

920 Kane's Tales From 
Shakespeare. Vincent 
Kane finds some 
resonances m the story of 
Romeo and Juhet 
945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the flfrn Top 
Gun, Jim Crace's book 
Continent and Ask for 
the Moon . at the Hampstead 
Theatre Club. 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

Handley Cross, by 

R S Surtees (12). Read by 
John Fra nkhm -Robbins 
1029 Weather 
1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Enterprise. Majorie 

Lofthousa visits another 
business featured in the 
1986 Radio Times/Radio 

4 Enterprise competition. 

The Flight Data 

1230 News: Weather. 1223 

VHF favsllabie in England and 

5 Wales only) as above 
except 525230am 
Weatoen Travei. 11 . 00 - 
12.00 For Schools. 135- 
330pm For Schools. 
520-525 PM (Continued). 

11 -30-1 2.10am Open 
University: 1120 Popular 
Culture 1 120 State and 
Society 12203-1.10 School* 
Night-time Broadcasting 

- Radio Geography: 1<L30 
Farming in Greece 1220 
Farming in Kenya 

On medium wave and vhf/fm (in 


625 Weather. 7.00 News 

7.05 Concert Boyce 
(Overture No 9), Handel 
(Suae No 2 in F major 
Richter, piano), Martina 
(Sinforaetta giocosa: with 
Jan Panenka. piano),. 

8.00 News 

835 Concert (contd): Milhaud 
(Scaramouch©: Oval* 
and Lee. pianos). Granados 
(Vaises poeticos: Julian 
Bream, guitar), Tcnaikovsky 
(Serenade lor Strings, 

Op 43). 930 News 

935 This Week's Composer: 
Messiaen. Gillian Weir 
(organlplays La verbe. 
Combat de la mort et de 
is we. Also recordings ot 
Poemes pour Mi. Book 2 
(with Arseguet. soprano), 
and Ouatuor pour la fin 
du temps (with the composer 


1030 Weber Academy of St 
(under Mariner). Symphony 
No 1 

1020 Donan Wind Quintet: 

with Phibp Martm (piano). 
Beethoven (Qumtet in E flat 
lor piano and wind). 

ERntt Carter (Wind Quintet), 
Poulenc (Sextet for piano 

and wind) 

1120 BBC Singers, with Roger 
Heath (bant one). John 
Alley (piano). Gardner (songs 
including Our captain 
catis all nands). Vaughan 
Williams (Five Engltsn 
folk songs). Malcolm 
Winiamson (North 
Country songs). Warlock 
(One More River, etc) 

12.10 Concert: BBC Scottish 
SO (under Hurst), with 
Lorraine McAslan i violin). 

Part one. Brahms (Tragic 
Overture). Mendelssohn 
(Violin Concerto m E 
minor). 1.00 News 

1.05 Concert icontd): Dvorak 
(Symphony No 6) 

120 Guitar encores: Sergio 
and Odair Assad play 
works by Astor Piazzotia. 
Hermeto Pascual , Villa- 
Lobos and Ginastera 

2.15 Ravel, his pupils and his 
teacher: Ravel 
(Introduction and Allegro, 
with Calvert String 
OuartetL Vaughan Williams 
(On Wertock Edqe, with 
Martyn Hill, tenor), Delage 
[Quatie poemes hindous: 
Janet Baker, mezzo), Ravel 
(Piano Tno in A minor 
(Dumay/Lodeo n .Coward) 

345 Chicago SO (under 
Abbado). with Witiard 
EHiot (bassoon). Webern (Six 
pieces lor orchestra). 

Moan (Bassoon Concerto 
In B flat. K 191). 

Mendelssohn (Symphony Nc 
5). 420 News 

4.55 Wagner's The Ring: the 
Welsh National Opera 
production of Siegfried, 
direct from the Royal 
Opera House. Covent 
Garden. Sung in English. 

With Jeffrey Lawton m the 
title role. Anne Evans as 
Brunnhilde. and Phillip Joll 
as The Wanderer. 

Richard Armstrong 

620 The Turkish Letters, by 
Busbecq: second ol three 
readings by Neville 

620 Siegfried: the second act 

8.10 Let's Murder toe 
Moonshine: Kenneth 
Griffith plays Marinetti in 
Catherine ftzm's feature 
about the Futuristic Theatre. 

Cast includes Angola 
Down. Contributors include 
Professor Katharine 
Worth frl 

9.05 Sieqlned: the third act 
1045 Romances and 

Picaresque* - the author 
Geoffrey Household talks to 
Colin McLaren 
11.15 Joseph Silv-erstcm the 
v roll nisi plays Brahms s 
Sonatas ot A. Op 100 and m 
□ minor. Op 106. Wuh 
Andrew Wolf (piano). 1127 
News 1230 Closedown 

Radio 2 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 

News on too hour. Headlines 
520am, 8.30, 7.30. 82a Sports 
Desks 1.05pm, 2.02, 332, 4.02, 
5.05, 6.02, 645 (mt only). 925. 
4.00am Charles Nove 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson with 
the miners ot Oakdale Colliery. 
Soulh Wales 920 Ken Bruce 11.00 
Jimmy Young (mcl medical 
questions answered) 1.05pm David 
Jacobs 2.00 Gloria Hunmford 
320 David Hamilton 5.05 John 
Dunn 7.00 Moira Stuart 
Presents- BBC Radio Orchestra 
wnto Billy Butterfield (trumpet), 
vocalist Jeanrue Lambe. the 
Serendipity Strings and the lam 
Sutherland Orchestra 9.S5 Sports 
Desk 10.00 Inman and Friends 
with John Inman. Jeffrey Holland. 
Sherrie Hewson and Ernie Wise 

1020 On The Air. Quiz covering 
over 60 years ol radio 11.00 
Round kitdriKjm. wim Joan 
Bakewefl. 1.00am Niqhtnde 
330-4.00 A Little Night Music. 

Radio 1 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 

News on the hail-hour from 
630am until 8.30pm (hen at 10.30 
and 12.00 midnight 
520am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 9.30 
Simon Bales 12.3Cpm 
Newsbeat iFrank Partndge) 1245 
Simon Mavo und Top 40 
singles) 3.00 Steve Wnght 520 
Newsbeat (Frank Paindgoi 5.45 
Bruno Brookes, md at 6.30 new 
Top 40 singles 7.30 Jantcc 
Long with Mike Smith host Radio 
1 's i9ih Birthday Party 10.00- 
1230 John Peel VHF STEREOS 
RADIOS 1 & 2> 4.00am As 
Radio 2. 10.00pm As Radio 1. 
12.00-4.00 As Radio 2- 


6.00 NmodKk 7.60 Nows 73 9 Twoffiy- 
Four Hours 7J0 John Bull's Other (slancs 
7.45 Network UK 820 News 829 Reflec- 
tions 8.15 Trawng tor Tomorrow 820 
Aberdeen international Youh Festival 

9.00 Nows 839 Review of tha British 
Press 6.15 The World Tunny 92D Finan- 
cial News 9.40 Look Ahead 9.45 VWvji s 
New 1020 News 1021 Discovery 1020 
Ms non 1120 News 1139 Now s About 
Britan 11.15 VVaveoude 1125 A Letter 
From Scotland 1220 Rada Newsreel 

12.15 The Domesday Book - 900 Years 
On 1225 Sports Roundup 120 News 129 
Twenty-Four Hours 120 Network UK 1.4S 
Recording of ttm Week 220 Outlook 2.45 
Joan Sutherland 320 Rada Newsreel 

3.15 A Joky Good Show 420 News 429 
Commentary 4.15 Omn4ws 445 World 
Today 520 News 529 Letter from 
Scotland 820 News 829 Twenty-Fair 
Hours 820 Omnibus 920 News 921 
International Gardeners 9.10 Book Chocs 

8.15 Concert Hal 10.00 News 1039 The 
World Today 1025 A Letter From Scot- 
land 1020 Financial News 10.40 Reflec- 
tions 1045 Sports Roimdup 11.00 News 
1129 Commentary 11.15 Folk in me 
Modem World 1120 The Domesday Bok 
- 900 Years On 1220 News 1229 News 
About Britain 12.15 Rada Newsreel 1220 
Omnibus 1.00 News 121 Outlook 1.30 
Report on Retogon 1.45 Country Style 
220 News 229 Review ol die British 
Pfbbs 2.15 EnghghMmatixes220 Marian 
320 News 339 News About Britain 3.15 
The world Today SZO Dtacorow. 420 
Newsdesk 420 IntemaiCittii uofdehrs- 
440 Book Choice. All times frl GMT. 


120 - 120 News &15-54S 
EmmetdaleFam 620 About Angto 625 
crossroads 720-720 Bygones 
12.15am Tuesday Tope. C tna edown. 

Bfrei Legrene 125 Country Practice 
330-328 Questions 5.15-545 Sons 

1220em Closedown. 

SCOTTISH ££j^Mp£i3o 

Gatdenlrw Tima 120120 News 
S3O430 Soto and Daughters 5.10545 
gm merd ate Faim 620 Scotland To- 
day 535 Crossroads 720720 Take tha 
tegh Road 12.18am Um Can. 


120Lunrttlme Live 12012 b Nmw^ 
320400 Carntry Practice 820 Calendar 
625-7.00 Crossroads 12.15am Show 
Express 1245-620 Music Box. 

.GRANADA £Sgp- 1J0 

Granada Reports 320420Soos and 
Daughters 620 Granada Reports 820 
This is Your Rgfrt 625-720 Cross- 
roads 12.15am Closedown. 

TVS BMflpC 120pm 

rr • Naws 120 Action! 125-220 
Country Practice 320-320 Ques- 
tions 5.10545 Sons and Daughters 820 

Coasjto Coast 625 Pofcca 5&J5- 
gOOCroeeroads 12.15m Company. 

Hivwisr«KS5- 1J0 

News 620 News 825-720 Cross- 
roads 12.15am Closedown. 

- * ”7~j_ e-ccept 920am- 

1200 Schools 62Qpm-&35 Wales at 


ULSTER 4* London except 
U - 1 cn 120pm-120 Lunchtime 
320-420 Joanle Loves Chacm 020 
Good Evening Ulster 625 Diary Dates 
625-720 Crossroads 12.15am 
News, Closedown. 


Gardening Time 120-120 News 
5.15-5.45 Emmeroale Farm 520 North 
Ton 19m 625 Crossroads 7.00-720 
Otfl'ront Strokes 12.15am News. 



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i 1 

Luton backed by 
Croker in their 
row with League 

the TIMES 


Ted Croker, the secretary of 
tne Football Association, has 
voiced, in a letter to John 
Smith. Luton Town’s exec- 
utive director, his complete 
support of the club’s con- 
troversial decision not to al- 
low visiting supporters to any 
of their matches at Kenilworth 

The Times learnt yesterday 
that Mr Croker wrote Mr 
Smith in July a personal letter 
in which he slated: “I am 
totally in favour of your 
membership scheme”. This 
fallowed the ruling of the new 
Football League management 
committee in May that Luton 
allow visiting clubs in the 
Liulewoods Cup a share of the 

Officially the FA have re- 
fused to offer a view on 
Luton's scheme other than lo 
say that they were •‘flexible” 
with regard to the matter. 
They meet next Wednesday to 
decide on whether they will 
allow Luton to operate their 
ban in FA Cup ties. By then 
they will know the decision of 
the other 9 1 League chairmen 
who on Monday will hear 
Luton's “appeal” as put to 
them by the Luton chairman. 
David Evans. 

Glen Kinon. the FA press 
officer, said yesterday: “The 
Football .Association has re- 
fused yet to express an opin- 
ion. It applauds the 
motivation behind Luton's 
decision but it wishes to study 
the matter before expressing a 
view on the effectiveness or 
desirability of Luton's plan.” 

Last week the League’s 
management committee 
voted to expel them from the 
Liuicwoods Cup because their 
refusal to admit supporters of 
Cardiff City, the visiting dub. 
in their second round lie. was 
contrary to the rules of the 

By Clive White 

competition. Up to 25 percent 
of tickets must be made 
available to each visiting dub. 
Luton have said that if they 
are permitted to play in the 
competition this season under 
their conditions then selected 
away supporters will be admit- 
ted at Kenilworth Road for 
next year’s competition. 

The FA have made 
favourable noises about 
Luton's revolutionary scheme 
and Mr Croker is believed to 
have reminded Luton only 
recently of his unofficial sup- 
port. When Luton played 
Arsenal on September 13. Sir 
James Starriru the FA’s ad- 
viser on crowd control and a 
former police officer, attended 
the match as did Lionel Smart 
and Ernie Brown, the chair- 
man and vice-chairman of the 
Challenge Cup Committee. 
The Department of the 
Environ menu presumably at 
the instigation of the Prime 
Minister, also paid a visit and 
were believed to be suitably 

pay the opposing dub some 
compensation. “We would 
have been sympathetic to that 
idea." Mr Smith said yes- 
terday. On May 23 that de- 
cision was overturned by the 
new management committee, 
of which, ironically, Mr Smith 
is a member. 

Mr Smith said that his 
dub's conflict with the Leagi 
would not interfere with his 
position on the management 
committee. “Whatever the 
outcome on Monday my ten- 
ure on the committee is for 
two years and Til be continu- 
ing. I feel I have a lot to offer 
and I want to be in there 
battling for footbalL It is sad 
there has been this hiccup with 
the management committee. 
We have pm in a log of hard 
work over the post few months 
and a lot of things we have 
done will benefit football over 
the next few years. We have 
differences of view all the 
lime, but that's democracy. 
It's just that in the case of 
Luton, I'm the only one who 

The Government believe doesn't agree,” he said. 

that the club have taken an 
imaginative stand against 
hooliganism and it was at the 
behest of Dick Tracey, the 
Minister for Sport, that Luton 
met the League management 

Luton, who have been ac- 
cused of political expediency 
and forcing their views upon 
others, are now anxious to 
move back from the spotlight 
for a few days and allow their 

committee last Friday to see if opinions to sink in with the 
another solution could be League chairmen. The pres- 

arrived aL Ii was then dedded 
that the 92 chairmen should 
have the final say. Luton will 

ence at Luton of the Depart- 
ment of the Environment 
suggests that the matter could 

announce their strategy for soon be taken out of the hands 
that meeting today and will of the clubs. The Government 

almost certainly decide to 
write to each club putting their 

is growing weary of footbalTs 
hooligan problems and the 
apparent inability of the 

Luton have pointed out that game’s admins rraiors to find a 
the old management commit- remedy. The Public Order BUI 
tee announced on May 22 is going through Parliament 
their decision to accede to and it could be amended to 
Luton's wishes to ban visiting incorporate a ruling which 
supporters in the Littlewoods enforced all clubs to ban 
Cup with the proviso that they visiting supporters. 

How Cowdre 
aims to keep 
bouncers do 


Michael Colin Cowdrey was “We are looking at eve 
barely born when his father possibility of building at tl 
wrote from India to two friends Nursery End but the fact fb*f^ 
jn England asking than tn put the railway line ROeS Midi 1 J 
him down for MCC member- neath does not makebuildi.? 3g 
ship. Whether this was the a straightforward project, y J* 
inspiration behind giving him “Our second task is y# 
the famous initials is some- mnvhnise the independent" jf 
thing Colin Cowdrey has never MCC Although intern# r 
discovered. Yet they have been ally oar influence may aol 
an apposite choice and never quite what it was, other ol 
more so than now. Tomorrow tries value our judgment a* ; 
be becomes president of private dub which still goal, 
Marylebone Cricket Gnb. the laws of cricket. I 

Cowdrey has high hopes for “For 200 years we haven 

his year in office, hopes that concerned with the tala* 
include encouraging the between bat and ball. Wf 
development of facilities at Sir Donald Bradman I 
Lord's, the game's head- strongly about introdrefl 
quartos, and restoring the eight ball overs, MCC vf 
balance Jbetween .bat and ball, quick to give it a try. N<w* 
even if it means altering the are concerned about si 
composition of the ball to pitched bowling, how to tl 
make it less bouacy (In effect the spinner back into the gJ 
making it softer) and drawing and slow overrates. We vm 
a line down the middle of the to see intimidatory brr. _ 
pitch to reduce intimidatory arrested although tfeaO 
bowling. MCC, do not forget, probably not come aboA 
still have responsibility for the fore the end of my yeA 
laws of the pone. office. We might have to ol 

MCC bicentenary 

Cowdrey, who works for 

Family affair: Peter Francisco who plays his unde today in the BCE international in Stoke 

Scholar comes up 
with a scheme 

Irving Scholar, the chair- 
man of Tottenham Hotspur, 
yesterday offered Luton the 
chance of an aljemative crowd 
experiment when the clubs 
^IKgfcjttJVhite Hart Lane on 
Saturday Luton operate a “no 
away fim s” rule at Kenilworth 
Road, a situation which 
threatens their place in the 
Littlewoods Cup. 

Scholar feels young support- 
ers should be educated to 
stand side-by-side on the ter- 
races and has written to David 
Evans, his opposite number at 
Luton, inviting all Junior 
Hauers (Luton's under-16 
supporters club) and their 
families to watch Saturday's 
first division match from the 
Junior Spurs family area. 

“While I admire Luton’s 
stand against hooliganism. 1 
believe if we are to solve this 
problem in the long term, it’s 
vital that we educate younger 

‘membership’ schemes in the 
country, with 17,000 fans 
readily identifiable. Of these 
4.000 are Junior Spurs, while 
Luton’s under-16 members 
amount to 677. 

Perryman back 

Steve Perryman, the Oxford 
Utd captain, makes his return 
after a three-week absence 
through injury when his dub 
visit Merthyr Tydfil, who 
have severe financial prob- 
lems, for a friendly tonight. 

opocpupbb pppp bpoppocpp pace op appgpgQ 

the Third world since 1937. 

An lb: Elizabeth LtddelL Foster Parents Plan, 
fulfill FREEPOST 31. London WIE5EZ. 

■■■■ Tel: 01-493 0940 (24 hours). 

‘ SUsSoK Cluricy Registration no. 276035. TT3W9 


:omesup Manager 

scheme f mak «s. a 

supporters into being able lo JXlJv U11C1 
watdi football alongside the Mick Jones, the manager of 
opposing fans, in a friendly Halifax Town, yesterday of- 
an - j c f° n Y lvial atmosphere, fered his services free to the 
saidScnolar. struggling fourth division 

That s how it was when I dub 
first went to football 30 years “1 have told the board I am 
ago and our offer is an alter- prepared l0 work without 
native experiment to Luton’s wages,” Jones said. I have 
own ‘home fans only’ answer discussed the matter with my 
to the hooligan problem. wife who is in agreement, 

. sp, *re have °ne of the largest although it will mean sac- 
membership schemes in the rifices and could not go on 
country, with 17,000 fans indefinitely, 
readily identifiable. Of these “i hope the public will read 
4.000 are Junior Spurs, while by coming to matches and 
Luton s under-16 members easing our finandal position.” 
amount to 677. Halifax are bottom of the 

Perr yman back fourth division after losing six 
CTMAPMTun, _ _ successive games and are the 

r & * *?*”?• Q *f 0rd worst supported dub in the 
Utd captain, makes his return football League. 

55" l absence -p* Revenue tave 

W -? e ^ 1S Cl i! b warned that unless the club 
pay a £70.000 demand within 
six months they will be in 
lems. for a friendly tonight. danger of being closed down. 


to go 

in the Arc 

By Michael Seely 

Yves Saint-Martin Is likely 
to seek his fifth victory in next 
Sunday's Prix de L’Are de 
Triomphe, as the Aga Xh*n 1 
the filly's owner, attempts to 
win the world's toughest flat 
race for the second tune. 

After partnering Darara in a 
work-out yesterday morning, 
the 15 times French champion 
jockey said, “She went really 
welL I wonld like to ride her in 
the Arc.” Connections have 
until mid-day to deckle 
whether to pay the F250.000 
(about £25,000) late-entry fee 
as her name did not figure 
among the original entries. If 
Darara runs, the Aga KImb, 
Europe's most powerful 
owner-breeder will be repre- 
sented by three horses, includ- 
ing Shahrastani anil Shardari. 
who are both trained by Mi- 
chael Stonte at Newmarket. 

Walter Swinbnrn will decide 
later in the week whether to 
ride Shahrastani, the winner 
of the English and Irish 
Derbys or Shardari, die win- 
ner csf the Matchmaker Inter- 
national at York. GreviOe 
Starkey win take whichever 
colt Swinburn rejects. 

\ The going win play a key 
I role. It was good at Saint- 
Cloud yesterday, the weather 
•is fine in Paris and the 
lfrecast is also good. Speak- 
ingV about D am-jp g Brave, 
Khawd Abdulla's winner of 
the X00Q Guineas. Eclipse 
Stake&and King George VI 
and Queen Elizabeth Di- 
amond shakes, Geoff Lawson, 
Guy Haywood's brother-in- 
law said /yesterday. “Unless 
the ground becomes heavy. 
Dancing# Brave is a certain 
Mid-day Friday will 
1* D"t4y a$ far as the horse is 


his return 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspodent 

Maurice Colclough, 
England’s senior forward 
throughout the last inter- 
national season who took over 
the captaincy of his country 
during the match against 
France in March when Nigel 
Melville went off injured, will 
not be included in the England 
XV to play Japan which will 
be named today. 

Colclough has not yet 
started the season with Swan- 
sea because of the demands 
bis business interests arc mak- 
ing U]»n him. Moreover, his 
wife is expecting their first 
child so his return to rugby 
will be somewhat delayed. 

However he has indicated 
to Michael Weston, the chair- 
man of selectors, that be 
wishes to be considered this 
season, both for the inter- 
national championship which 
begins in January and for the 
world cup in Australasia. For 
his part Weston jmay be loathe 
to be without the vast .experi- 
ence which Colclough. now 
33, may bring to his squad. 

Colclough ended last season 
with 25 caps and two British 
Lions tours behind him and 
there was no doubting his 
commitment in all England's 
matches. His position was 
discussed by the England 
selectors when they met last 
night: they are not so well 
blessed for lock forwards that 
they can afford to discard hkm 
completelq. even if they can- 
not consider him in the im- 
mediate future. 

More rugby. Page 39 

Higgins may face 
further action 

By a Special Correspondent 

Alex Higgins, fined £2.000 champion, Dennis Taylor, 

last week by the World Pro- 
fessional Billiards and 
Snooker Association for bring- 
ing the game into disrepute; 
may face further disciplinary 
action following an outburst 
in Glasgow ten days ago. 

After losing 9-8 to Cliff 
Thorburn, the Canadian for- 
mer world champion, in the 
final of the Langs Supreme 
Scottish Masters, Higgins al- 
leged his opponent had taken 
drugs in the past without being 
penalized. At the after-match 
celebrations, the controversial 
Irishman is said to have 
complained that Kirk Stevens 
had been penalized for taking 
drugs, while Thorburn had 
been doing the same, but had 
gone free. 

Robert Windsor, 
Thorbum's manager, said last 
night: “We have lodged a 
complaint with the WPBSA 
and intend to seek their 
guidance in the matter. Dur- 
ing the last 21 months that 1 
have been Cliffs manager, he 
has perhaps won more titles 
than any other player. 

“He now lives here with his 
wife and two young sons and 
takes his life and his work very 
seriously. He is obviously very 
upset I have also spoken to 
my solicitors regarding the 
possibility of private action.” 

Paul Hatherell. a spokes- 
man for the WPBSA, said: 
“The letter of complaint has 

suffered the indignity of a 5-0 
defeat in the fifth round 
yesterday — only the second 
whitewash of his career. 

He was beaten by Sifvino 
Francisco, who tonight meets 
his nephew, Peter Francisco, 
for a place in the semi-finals. 
The South African said: “1 am 
looking forward to the match. 
I've only met Peter once 
before and that was two 
months ago when I beat him 
8-3 in the South African 
championship at Johannes- 
burg. The game was closer 
than the scorefine suggests, 
with many frames being won 
on pink and black.” 

Taylor, a semi-finalist at 
Stoke last year and ranked 
No. 3 in the world, has shed at 
least half a stone during the 
summer months. He said: 
“I'm feeling better than for 
ages. It was an amazing game. 

I only missed a couple ofshots 
and lost I think the turning 
point was when I fouled on the 
brown in the first frame.” 

Festival harmony 

An anti-row which threatened 
Gloucester's annual cricket 
festival has been resolved. The 
city council refused to allow the 
county dub to advertise South 
African Airways at the Wingei 
sports ground and the dub, 
resolved hot to give in to 
'political interference’, planned 

his year hi office at 830am 
with half an hoar's real tennis 
at — inevitably — Lord's. He 
intends to get in shape. Presi- 
dency of MCC is an arduous 
task in any normal year, hot 
next summer tire dub cele- 
brates its bicentenary. No 
former cricketer Is better 
known or more adept at public 
relations than Cowdrey. He 
knows, though, that now there 
is more to the presidency. 

Many will look to MCC in 
their bicentenary year to up- 
hold their role as guardians of 
the game. The Spring Ball on 
the ground itself, the dinners 
in the Long Room, the banquet 
at GnOdhall on the eve of the 
special fixture in August be- 
tween MCC and Rest of the 
World, tbe commemoration of 
MCOs first match, a gainst 
Essex in 1787, are the celebra- 
tions of tire game's most 
famous dub. Yet the glitter 
will not obscure the conten- 
tions issues. 

“No one can be happy with 
an arena the size of Lord's left 
empty for seven months of tbe 
year. Although meetings are 
held there every day and the 
cricket school is packed out 
anti) next spring, the ground is 
probably only rail for six days 
of the year. That is 
disturbing,” Cowdrey said. 

“Our priority is to upgrade 
tbe ground so that by the year 
2000 we will have brought 
Lord’s up to date and to a 
standard. The proudest thing 
we have done so far is to 
embark on a new Momd 
Stand, which would have been 
impossible without Paul 
Getty’s £2m gift. I want to see 
Lord's retain its special at- 
mosphere and be unspoilt,” he 

fore the end of my yeA] , 
office. We might have to □■] 
the hall less lively or pnt am I 
down the middle of the pSI 
And I deplore the deaxtlH 
spin bowling because it less* 
the variety of cricket,” he si® 

“I wonld like to reach ouS 
each MCC member and 9 
mind him to watch over tb(f 
aspects in his local dub JL 
school. One can see Ultima 
datory bowling appeming eve* ' 
at those levels of cricket Od| 
role is to gather and to reflr-" 
thoughts from all cricket 
ing countries.” 

Unique role in the* 
ev olution of gamej^ ‘ 

As president of MCffi 
Cowdrey will chair the anmS : 
p utting of the Interna tior-j | 
Cricket Conference. His teifi 
of office at MCC expires ncB . 
October but it is possible tMB ; 
he will do a two year stiB i 
chairing tbe ICC. nknofl ! 
hitherto. It is widely fett tira# r 
cricketer rather than a | . 

figure from industry or ■ 
merce is required to cope M 
the increasingly npoi J a 
cricketing issues that cropS 
MCC will continue to pn»V 
the ICCs chairman, sectefcB *' 
and office. B : 

“The ICC is often acewB y 
of having no teeth bat that r j 
have its advantages owingB "j. 
the growing pressure of potB A 
cal restraints,” Cowdrey saaT j 
“The South African issue El J. 
with as and, incidentally. ihtB $ 
is no way MCC would conte/'ft % 
plate sending an official cl r £ 
side to South Africa for 14 •« 
time being. ||| 

“MCC has played a uni ll " ; 
partin the evolution of cricU l 
Our independence could \r I f £=• 
increasingly valuable aJL 
provided we can show .stiii.E' 
fideut wisdom and inspiratioivt? 
in the years ahead.” 

Ivo Tennant 

Cowdrey: high hopes 

not yet been received, so we to Took elsewhere for another 
cannot put any wheels into ground. A solution was reached 


• Thorburn, 

whereby the dub promises not 

meanwhile 10 4 s ® * ulh Africa* advertising 
meanwniie, whi]e ^ COUDCi , will iacrease 

U'C nnuiui ioliouc 

meets .Cliff Wilson thw after- sponsorship 10 make up for lost 
n .°° n J5L.- . °I revenue. A duncil spokesman 

the BCE international at said the 
Stoke. Another former world 'amicable'. 





By Richard Burnell 
Norwich Union Assurance, 


A change ! 
in winten, f 

Lausanne (Reuter) - Th«. vf- 
Imemaiional Olympic Com- yv 
mittee (IOC) are to discuss a s «*ir 



who sponsored the recent r 3 

successful world champion- 1 **“ r ° ur ‘ 

ships, have complained they OamL. C ]£ e rrS~ wlTII ?j 
received poor vj u e for thei? gSv® ^ 

w^deploicd bytheAinateur „?* s “ mmCT “<* -i*r 

Rowing Association at their iheSme vror" but m ,d,n 
council meeting in London in ~. same year, dui the source 
yreieniay ^ °" “' da P™Poa| thai ihewinler 

From a Press point of view, 
the Norwich Union's dis- 
appointment was no surprise, 
as their profile at Nottingham 
was so low as to be almost 

The Council dedded to 
introduce an individual racing 
licence for all oaremen and 
women competing in regattas. 
The scheme, to replace the 
present regatta levy, is to 
become operational in April 

1987. The licence is likely to 
be between £5 and £10 per 
competitor, according to their 

The Council delaved a de- 
cision on the wider issue ol 
individual membership of the 
Association until the (987 
budget is produced in Novem- 
ber. But the one Certainty is 
that they will either have to 
generate a great deal more 
money, or the sport, and. 
particularly ns international 
activities, will founder. 

the same year, but the source 
said a proposal that the winter 
Games be held two years after 
the summer Games would be 
considered by the IOC Exec- 
utive Board. 

Seoul and Calgary are 
scheduled to stage the next 
summer and winter Garo*s 
respectively in 1988. C. j- 
didates for the 1992 games arc 
to be selected by the IOC neM 

But delegates ata meeting of 
European National Olvmr, c 
Committees in Budapest er<r- 
lier this month proposed 'in 
Juan Antonio Samaranch. 

JOC president that the win ilT 

Olympics should be move., i, 
their own four-yearly cvcf,- 
starting in 1994. The delcgaij, 
said the proposal would £ 
crease the popularity -' r ,w t . 
Winter Games. ntl 

They addedjf 
had the supp^ 
winter spot- 
the A me/ 
works. i# 
benefit « 
mer a > -M 
held i« M