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The ^yjnii 'i't'§ of 

xs 1 

' m f ¥HLS£S OF 

1 »fi 3O0ILLEI 

jm mm miwell 

Written by Reproduced by 

Ralph Roderick Superior Reprographics 

8643 Littlerock Road S.W. 1925 Fifth Avenue 

Olympia, WA 98502 Seattle, WA 98101 
; >06) 357-9555 

December 1985 


HciMi Ifccm^ Mad son 3 Jefferson and Franklin are but a few who pr^v 4 the 
framework for the new nation • . . the United States of America* But it was 
through the sacrifices , the spirit and hard toil of our ancestors and others 
like them that made the country strong* This book is de "iea ted to the memory 
of four such often fori;, ztea Americans: John and r " ^ I _ i Jvce 1 1 c ni< Thomas 


DEDICATION o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o'o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 1 

LIST OF MAPS OOOOOOQO©OO@©OO©©©O©©O©©Q©©©G©©O©©©©O©©OQ©©©O©©O®©©©©©©©©©©©©©©€>O0 lV 

ACKNO S S ! SENT MD SOURCES 0 © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © ¥ 
INTRODUCTION © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © iss 



1 mm mmmmm ra egotKcM© © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © . e i 

Joseph Seouller? John Scouller & Margaret Brown? 
John Scouller/ Margaret Osborn and family 

2 trams i«m m mm ioido © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © . . 19 

Thomas Seouller^ Agnes Soooller? 

The John Scouller f amily™ Thomas^ John Daniel 0 

Lilly ^ Ernest^ Rose 

3 mmm sooths mmtmcm © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © 41 
The Anna & Frank Pur^iance family—Frances „ 

AgneSp Mary, Albert,, Elsie 

£ MS rc r - Vj rana S@@ ChmptmK 12 

% mm °mm m immmm © © © © © © © © 0 © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © 49 

Alexander Toy 6 Jane 0°Neil? The Daniel & 
\ -sana Toy family 

5 mrnmm rusk toy 59 


(S lH M»U Hi SWHDEN ............... 67 

Jan Person Hordquist^ Pehr Mordval? the John & 
Britta Olson Hordwell family—Peter John, 
Olaf, Carrie 

7 j©em hordweKd & wmum m %m 0oSoA o ©000000000000000000000000000000000000 77 

Pete, Olaf ? Carrie & Martha, Carl, Oscar 
(See family chart in Chapter 6) 

e QBcm mowMmm, 0 c « c « a 0 0 © © 0 0 © © © © 0 o © o 0 © © © c © 0 © © « 95 

Oscar & Elizabeth Weller Nordwell, Bonnie 
Mor dwell? Oscar & Goldie Baxter Nor dwell 

9 cmql mmmmi, © 0 © © 0 © 0 © © © © © 0 0 © © © © © © © 0 © © © © © © © © © © © 0 © 0 0 © © © © e . e . © 0 0 © © 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 101 

Carl & Johanne Ryctaan 



1® CMliiriE i - jL i < , 1 l < : r M 99 . . . . . . . . . . . o e . . . . . . . . . ....... . ... . . . • . ... . . . . . . 105 

Carries a Andrew Peterson, a Peter Nor dwell of Kansas 

JL JL J l L - ' J 1 SElIl s a o o @ o . • o a o o o o o o o ® o o © o o o o o o o o e o s o o o o © © o o a © o © o s ® o © © o © a © o : » « < .jL 1 J 

The Olaf & Olive White Nor dwell family — Winnie, 

Alma, Melburn "Nick" 


Hazel, John, William, Anna, Helen, Lester "Pete," 

Mary, Edith, Ernest 


13 NORE MELE ! IASC M 6 BALIS .......................................... e . # # # 147 

The Hazel G Deri t U; 'r; . . : i^ll;- l&-ir« TjLeTCr 

^ 'S3 , Charles r Buelah; Hazel & C ' , Ealis 


is mm. m >i i : > lias 0 0 e 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o 0 0 <> 0 <> 0 0 0 0 <> L63 
The Anna & Warren Kingery f ami It™ Mary^ Evelyn, 
Ruth, Ester, Paul, Earl, Orlen 

M EMM lORDWELL BATEMMf o o o o c 0 o 0 o G c 0 o o 0 o □ o o 0 o o o o o o o o o o 0 0 0 o o o o o o o o o 0 o 0 o o o 0 o o 175 
The Helen S hnei 1 : f^iaily— Norma r Gail. Asa 

17 yreTis "sff r im. * ® e . . « . e . . , . e @ ® 9 e 9 . @ 9 9 s ® e . « . e « . 0 9 . @ 9 « 185 

The Pete a Ruth D<L:;y^yle family — John Peter , Lassie, 

18 MARY NORDWELL ] RODERICK ...... . ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999 . . e . . . . . ... . . 193 

The Mary & Alvin Roderick and family — Phillip, 

Sharon, Marilyn, Ralph, Gloria 

19 EDITH NORDWELL RODERICK .................................................. 2 1 

The Edith & Lynn Roderick family—Gerald, Glenn, 


2© ERNEST WL 1 I'LoEfl mma»m«@mm»09»@6m9mm®®®9m@®»@®0&@m^ee»»®®®m®®9®®@B®mm@&m®mm 217 

The Ernie & Wilda Zschomler family—Karen, Linda, 
Ste¥e, Kim 


21 THE smm OF ^^^^ ............................. 231 



Ireland 0 „ ...... . . 51 

Scotland 0 0 o o o o o o o 0 o o o e o o e Q o o o o 0 o o o o Q o o 0 Q o Q 0 0 o o o o o o o 0 o @ @ @ @ e @ « « « o o o o o o o o 4 

Sweden 0 0 o o o 0 o ® @ . . ® . . . ® & a o Q Q e o o o o o o o Q o o o Q o o o o Q o o o o o o ® . ® . . . 0 o o o o o Q o o o o o 0 o Q 71 

Cheyenne^- Wyoming (Peter Mor dwell) 0 0 0 o o 0 0 o 0 o o o o o 0 □ o o Q o o o 0 o o o o o o o o o o 0 o o o « 83 

Dryad^ Washington (Helen Bateman 0 o o 0 o 0 o 0 0 o 0 0 o o 0 0 o o o o o o o o o o o o e o o o o o o o o 0 o ^ 180 

lima (Sooth Elma) 0 Washington 

Anna lingery 0 . . . 170 

Mary Roderick £ all relatives 0 o o o o o o o c □ o o o o 0 0 0 o o o 0 0 o 0 o 0 o o o o o o 0 o o o o 0 196 

Edith Roderick 0 o o o o o o o 0 0 o o o o o 0 0 o o c o o o 0 o 0 o o 0 o o o o o o o o 0 o o o o o o o 0 o o 0 o o o o 206 

Goldendal ; W ^aington 

c c c c c c c c o c c c o c c o o a o o o o c c c o c o c o o o o o o c o c c o o o o o o o o o c o o c 27 

John Hordwell 0 e o . o o G 6 0 o 0 Q o G s o e G o G Q o o e o G o 0 0 e o o o e o 0 e e 0 Q e Q o G o o 0 G 0 o G Q G Q 84 

: ai ^ d ell & all relatives 0 0 o o o 0 0 o 0 o 0 o 0 0 o 0 □ o o o o 0 0 o 0 o o o o o o o 0 o o o o o 110 

Peter lo n 1 0 o o o o o 0 o o 0 o e 0 o o 0 o o o 0 o o 0 0 Q 0 o 0 o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o e 0 o o 0 <, o <, o o 123 

Matlock^ Washington 

Peter Hordwell i all relatives 0 o o o 0 o o o o 0 o 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 o 0 0 o o 0 o o 0 o e o o o Q 9 Q o o 132 

Hazel Mason 0 0 o o o o e 0 0 0 0 0 0 o □ o o G o o o o 0 o o 0 0 0 o o o 0 o 0 o □ 0 o o o o o o o 0 o o 0 0 o 0 o o o o 0 15 1 

Knmi lingery 0 o o o 0 o o 0 o o o o o o Q o Q o o o o o o o 0 o o o o o o o o o o o « o o o o 0 o o o o o o o o o o o 0 o 168 

Helen Bateman 0 0 o o 0 o o 0 0 Q o o o 0 o 0 0 o o 0 o o 0 0 o o o o 0 o 0 o 0 o o 0 o 0 o 0 0 o o 0 0 0 o 0 o o o o o 0 11 8 

Lester 00 Pete 00 Mor dwell ............................................. 189 

Edith Roderick 

Ernie Mordwell . 223 

McDonald Creeks Washington (Ernie Nordwell) . 0 • • . a . . . ... • . • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 

Montesano^ Washington (Peter lordwell) 0 o o o 0 o o o 0 o o o o o Q o 0 o 0 o o 0 □ o o 0 o o o o o o o 0 124 

Mewaukun Valley, Chehalis, Washington (John Mordwell) 0 o o o o 0 o 0 o 0 0 o 0 o o 0 o 0 o 89 

Olney Springs, Colorado (John lordwell) 0 o o o o D o G o Q 0 e 0 o o e o o o o 0 o 0 o o 0 o o 0 o o o o 82 

Orland, California (Pete Mordwell) 0 0 <, o 0 o o . 0 o 0 o o „ . . o . . . . • . 127 

Seward, Mebraska (Thomas Scouller) 0 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 o <, o o o e . • • • • • • • . • • • • • . 26 

Shelton, Washington (Hazel Mason) „ <> o o <, 0 o o „<> o «, <, o ............ . 153 

Storm Lake F Iowa (Thomas Scouller & Toys) 0 0 0 0 22 

Yakima, Washington (The Scoullers) 0 o o o o o 0 0 o 0 o e . . . . . . . . . 29 

iv ' 


This book would be but two covers if it weren't for the gen-.- ^n, giving 
of those who know something of our past. To them go my thanks and I'm sure 

11k- kJovm: 1 - .,cer Fronts 

By Aymalee Roderick, my wife 

The Stories 

The stories were scrftpfiac thr^ah in"sr'"L ews the eldest members of 

the respective families , and from family records , official documents , such as 
property deeds , church records and military records and history books „ 

Special thanks go to: 

Winnie Nor dwell Stevens of Goldendale 9 Washington 
Melburn "Nick 83 Nordwell of Goldendale 3 Washier" v 
1 - 1 ; ; < ji 7 I" ^ \ ^ : "L-ima, Washington 
Thomas Scouller of Camano Island^ Washington 
Ernie Scouller of Oak Harbor s Washington 
Bonnie Nordwell Barton of Centralia 3 Washington 
Elsie Purviance Eschbach of Yakima s Washington 
Anna Nordwell Kingery of Elma 9 Washington 
Helen Nordwell Bateman of Chehalis s Washington 
Hugh and Merline Mason of Centralia 5 Washington 
Gladys Mason Madoche of Montesano s Washington 
Mary Nordwell Roderick of Elma 3 Washington 
Edith Nordwell Roderick of Montesano s Washington 
Ernie Nordwell of Port Angeles s Washington 


It°s been said that photos are worth a thousand words 0 They certainly 
provide great memories and more vivid detail than my written words! in 
conjunction with the interviewing 1 got into taking a photo of old family 
pictures o The brave souls who entrusted me with their priceless treasures ares 

Lilly Jacob of Yakima who has Thomas Scouller 9 s old photos 
Minnie Stevens of Goldendale who has Olaf Mordwell 9 s photos 
Bonnie Barton of Gentralia who has Oscar 9 s and John Po Nordwell°s photos 
Elsie Eschbach of Yakima who has Scouller and Toy photos 
Kathleen Weise of Alix Canada who has old Scouller photos 
Hugh and Merline Mason of Gentralia who has Hazel Mason 9 s photos 
Lessie Washington of Seattle who has Lester Nordwell 9 s photos 
Karen Burns of Shelton who has some of Ernie Nordwell 9 s photos 
And the five other Nor dwells ; Anna s Helen s Mary s Edith and Ernie who 
shared their family photos 

From these people 500 or so family photos have been gathered* The 
collection includes a proof sheet of each roll taken, negatives and a log 
identifying each photOo The photo 0 s in the book are representative o With 
negatives in hand, any photo can be had for the price of a reprinting; 30 to 
40 cents today. 

For those interested in looking over the photos and possibly ordering 
some I 9 11 be figuring out how to make them available 0 Keep in touch! 

The sad truth is history fades in color o You 0 ve probably seen a twenty 
year old color print with that washed out look 0 Well technology has finally 
caught up with the fading photo© It 9 s called video taping o Its cheap 2 quick 
and video film does not use chemicals or magnetic tapes that can destroy 
color. Photo labs in Olympia charge about a $l o 00 per minute of video taping 
and hold on each photo for 6 to 8 seconds o That works out to about 7 per 
minute or 15 cents eachu You may want to consider having your more important 
color photos video taped before fading sets in G 

The Maps 

The maps were obtained from the Department of Transportation of the 

states involvedo They offer excellent detail s large scale 3 and are not 

copyrighted and thus can be reproduced freely 0 The information I put onto the 

maps were obtained from county records s Metsker maps and from the people who 
related family stories^ 


The Fana ;* Charts 

A lot of work, by others than myself, have gone into these all important 
documents. Gloria Roderick Park did the original Nor dwell family tree which 
was later updated by Cheryl Karboski. To these efforts I've added earlier 
u, n n> v °" wi th the aid of Starr Genealogical Service o c a^ 'j , i; ls|1 i i , 
}J fP V ^Lhd ' i = i i , i . go ' - i iic. 6 beers U8e<< c j i aaanly 

idrlie ^amerai j ; > , , . u^wc^i ^-r OL£1 sbj „ 

Genealogical . The early Scouller charts were compiled by Elsie Purviance 
Eschbach of Yakima and Merel Hall of Australia. Information on the more 
seen i generations and updating of existing charts were coordinated through 
the eJ la ' i^ai -r of the respective family. 


Text - Cheryl Karboski 

The Family Charts of Pete & Ruby Far trails acne children - Cheryl Karboski 

All other charts - Mary Nordwell Roderick 

Mapping & Photo 8 s - Coelleen Warfe □ 0 o a non-relative 

Errors and Bad Grammar - Ralph Roderick, the author 




its been fun compiling our family history. The Nordwells and Scoullers 
in the late 1800 5 s left Europe and traveled an interesting but hard road into 
the '\ ~ ^ :„ - - 1 : ' _ f ^ . " v' i- - ,- ' - j l \{ j 

^ i ait disc r >~e_ - ^ils seek clarification, errors wait corr- Li-j^ . 
new borns a anri^s , :. .: - . ,„ _. ~ , < _ 1 1 ~- , . 

To the extent possible 2 I ? ve tried to pio lie for future information and 
changes • For * ■ ■ . .a - - 1 1 1 1 <' 11 l> .ave been 

verified to have lived and also reportedly lived. For the latter , once the 
specific location becomes known it will be a simple matter to mark it on the 
map* Spaces in the family charts have been left blank in the hopes that new 
information will be found, 

I choose this particular style of binding for three reasons . It opens 
flat 3 it is one of the least expensive and more imports ~ io > n ~ : shops 
can open it up 3 punch holes in new pages you may want to add and reassemble in 
about five minutes o Also 3 if ^i' " ;j "e^>me^ ti%:V' ?: "ni^s are added it 

can easily be replaced with a larger one. 

Talking about adding things , if you come across family ix-.. ■ - ion, have 
family records 9 know of births and deaths and so on please send me a copy of 
the specifics o Periodically I will see that the information is written up and 
sent to everyone o My address is on the title page. 

Chapter 21 19 . . • The Next Generation 11 is intended as a place where 
stories of your family can be continued 0 If you write something for this I 
would also appreciate a copy Q 

History records and explains past events 0 But facts alone do not tell 
the story o For instance - Facts 1869 Wyoming becomes the firs! slete to 
adopt women suffrage • Wyoming I With some reservation 1 figured there must 
have been a strong progressive population there at the time @ Wrong! 
Reality: Women suffrage was only a fringe issue in the vote 0 With men out 
numbering women six to one they voted for suffrage in hopes of enticing women 
to their wilderness . 


In their little way, the Nordwells and Scoullers shaped history by being 
a part of it. Just how they viewed, what we now call history, can not be 
known for sure c Times and situations certainly change how things are judged 0 
For example, poor farmers in Europe often looked upon another child as another 
mouth to feedo When they came to America where food was plentiful, a ^new 
child was a pleasure and grew to become a healthy and an important addition,, 
Ro Bartlett in his book Th^J_ew_Coun^ (1974, pp 362-363) 

described the families importance and structure in these words: 

"The family was of especial importance in the new country, for it 
was the one social structure that provided stability. It antedated 
the coming of government, law and order, schools and churches 0 When 
children were orphaned due to disease, accident, or Indian 
depredations, or left destitute by desertion, it was not all unusual 
for a neighboring family to take them in and raise them with their 
own. The land was bountiful, and another mouth or even several more 
to feed constituted no great problem, while extra hands at the 
harvest and more helpmates in the kitchen just about compensated for 
the expense. 

Generalizations are very questionable in such cases as this, but 
the best description of the new country family is that it was an easy 
going, pleasant unit, a haven of love and companionship in which the 
bond of common blood was so deeply understood that the insipid 
manifestations of affection were seldom seetnu This led some 
observers to describe the American family as cold and unresponsive, a 
strange social unit in which members would leave for distant places 
with no more than a stake of the hand, where 'the father of ^ the 
frontier bride gave her a bed, a lean horse, and some good ^advice, 
and having discharged his duty 0 0 0 returned to work 0 9 But in fact, 
wrote Arthur Calhoun, this apparently frigid attitude was 'evidently 
due . e . to the economic largeness of the new world which made 
family wealth and backing less significant . * . The abundant 
opportunities of the new country, the relative ease of getting along, 
the certainty that the children would be able to find good openings, 
tended to loosen family attachments 0 . * The family ceased to be an 
economic unit; each member could follow a calling to taste. 1 

In such a family children grew up very quickly D By age four they 
could carry a bucket and collect the eggs from the nests of the hens 
in the barn; a little later the boys could harness a horse, yoke up a 
team of oxen, they learned to plant and weed and harvest, to milk 
cows and slaughter a few pigs after the first frost, to butcher them, 
salt them down, and preserve the meato The handling of gun and axe 
came with growing up 0 8fi 

Romanticizing the past is fun but the fact is that into the 1900 f s our 
families, even those fairly well off, lived an austere life* At least judging 
from todays standards > , . ■ 1- - , ? u- ^ f_ < c cn^i)c d r-o On 

the other hand they did not suffer from the lack of things they could not 

As you read the pages ahead, try if you will , to put your feet into the 
" >'*->" , 1 snL& gLoal g^andpai ren Lb 9 juu, i *, yuu 1 °q> 

on the shoes keep in mind that society today is not what the early Nor dwells 
and Scoullers experienced. Until the 1930 's food was largely a do-it-yourself 
family affair, as was medicine and doctoring 5 except for the most serious 
illnesses • 

Most of our aiicssljrc ; rmed and lived, at least from our pc-- fooslive 2 in 
isolated rural areas. Eking out an existence without modern ii - ha uh ation 
required hard work and 12 hours a day. Vacations, let alcne - npl^ ol d.-~r' 
off, were far and few beer Until the r r eat of the aut i-io! lie, traveling 
more than 5 miles from home was a big event. Even with an automobile, tripe to 
town were weekly at besto Entertainment was net c u dza prs ■ c : , or 
television button*. Light came only from the sun or by homemade candle or 
lantern. Neighbors die not szplciu -.eight org for profito If you fell ill or 
suffered an accident and could not do the seeding, haying or what ever, the 
neighbors gathered and did the work without compensation. All that was asked 
in return was themselves to be helped in their turn. News traveled very slowly 
by word of mouth and letter, and later by weekly n<= r, \- c ; ^ sn 3 r until 

the 1920 9 s or so that the radio and tele ,o«ie reached rural populations. We 
often think of people who have to make their own clothes as poor. Today that 
would be true but earlier , is- lit-- "-"as there were few ready to wear clothes 
avai l^ib - h ^ -~ - u t, — - - - * : ' - - - c ~e to well off 

could afford more than a set of "Sunday best. 91 When a house burned down they 
did not fight with the insurance company, they grabbed hammer and saw and built 
a new home. Our early European ancestors view terrain as an obstacle to travel 
and waterways a convenience. Today, with bulldozers and automobiles the 
opposite is true. 

Our early families were rooted in Scotland, Ireland and Sweden. The 
abbreviated chart on the following page illustrates how we became family. The 
family and its many subfamilies are subjects of the charts, words and photos 
that lie ahead,, 


Haztl NoKdwo.ll 






John VtttK UoKdwtll 

VttQ.K MoK.dwQ.ll 

Olai NoKdwo.ll 

CdKKiO. N0KdWQ.ll 

CaKl UoKdwo.ll 

BKitta Oi^^on 

-MUaKtha J okan^^on 

I homaA ScoatlQ-K 

Ruby ScoullQ.K 

John Scoullo.K 
Anna Scoullo.K 

Anna Tog 

FtkK MoKdwal 

KaKin Ol^^on 

3am PtK&on A!o^< > 
' I) CkKi^ian EKick^on 

John ScoalltK 

CathzKina VdK^on 

Olai OlAAon 

EKilta^lf> ^ AM au 

CaKin AndtK^on 

b 0 

AndtK^ AndQKAon 
1 BKitia Ol^Aon 


John Scoullo.K 


H a K QGKt i Bko wh 


UaKgaKQ. : 

Ro btKi O^boKno. 

Jam StKachan 

CoKnaliiiA Tog 

Vanio.1 Toy 


Rotanna Coylo. 


I L 

€> R A 

E W 

' V 




Joseph Scouller; John Scouller & Ma c sic^m*; 
John o_ >:Jl^e f Margaret Osborn and family 

S9 Lv3u ; m" is our first known Scottish ancestor. According to Merel 
Hall 5 a relative in Australia 2 John Peculiar traveled relatively fr c . j to 
,o L d« d o o o a 400 mile ;yi;rney ? ,r; e t „s was so arduous that few p- 
lade the trip until the rail line be""-'- L and e ^on was c -en ■ -i in 

1848. Those trips earned John the nickname "London 3-" i I ± home. 

John was born in the early 1700 1 s, which was about the time Scotland 

reluctantly came under British rule. The Scots had spent 250 years Pighi Lng 

-eleiri theii ind< eriee* i 1 °r ally ^ave ii hey wer^ " *n 76 
seats in the ^ ^ >« 1 1 1 ~ -" f -> 

In 1738 John married Jean Semple. Just how many children they had is not 
known but Josep f > - ir \ ,V > > 1 ! r • , i t , Joseph is in our 
bloodline and he and his wife (name unknown) :>-oetated a grain mill, the 
Craigmill at East Kilbride just south of Glasgow (see Scotland map) . The mill 
no longer exists. Joseph's family is believed to have had six children 
including John who was born May 30 , 1769 at Craigmill. 

This John married Margaret Brown probably in 1302 or 1803 „ This new 
generation of Scoullers included a John and at least four other children 0 The 
family settled at the Kittoch Mill which is a few miles north of East 
Kilbridgeo The mill itself is gone but the house remains 0 In 1981 Lt„ Colo 
and Mrso Ho Jordan owned the home 0 Their address is Busby Road 9 Carmu:cmock 9 
G76 9BJ 3 Scotland o The Kittoch Mill house is the birthplace of John Scouller 
(1804), the father of Thomas Scouller who lived in Yakima, Washington until 
his death in 1940. 

The new John Scouller also married a Margaret , who was the daughter of 
Robert Osborne and Jane Strachan 0 They married in August of 1830 and 
proceeded to have eleven childre J " c including a John s , and three 

daughters, including a Margaret. Not long after their marriage they settled 
at Gardrum Mill a few miles north of the Fenwick Village . John was a farmer 
and miller at Gardrum for fifty years. 














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&IH>roxi»ate Scale: 1 inch ■ 4 ailes 


N,lytehGEf loss 


' Eaglesha* 

Gals ton 

Of the Scotland! places listed on the Scouller 
family charts, These nd&a&s: uere located? 
East Kilbride just south of Glasgow, home in 
the 1750 c s and 1760 f s? and site of the 
Craigmill? Caraumiosk lost sooth of Glasgow^ 
home in the late 1700 °s and early 1800 9 s and 
site ©f the Kittoch Mill? and Gardrum Mill 
just north of Fenwict:,. home from the 1830 °s 
into the 1880 1 s. The Crawfundland Castle is 
just south ©f Fenwieko 


In the earl-;- „.V\ : c _; . rs, primarily from the U.S 9 and Australia 

—gan flooding Enri^ean markets, including Scotland. ParliHvert v 3 „v ; 
Corn Laws in 1815 to help stem the tide. By the ±< r ^ strong 
/" : l 1 ^ »" » 1 • > sent • In a nation of extreme poverty these aetL : i ; 

restrictions brought higher prices and more hardships for the poor. In 1844 
seventy-four Ayrshire (Ayr county) farmers Including John ScoiOJL&r, signed a 
petition aimed at stopping the Ant i -Corn Law League . The petition was arritt i 
up in the Journal of Local Events, Annals of Fenwick. Just why the article is 
titled: "The Farmers Black-Listed" is unclear. One possibility is that any 
political dissent was frowned on, even something as simple as petitioning the 
government to take action. 

The Farmers Black-Listed 

The following black list contains the names of those who sij n I 
a requisition to the Lord Lieutenant, to call a county meeting of 
agricultural interest , for the purpose of keeping on the present 
Com Laws, and to stop, as far as possible, the agitating of the 
Ant i -Corn I 

signed it in this parish, are extracted from an advert u ... it in 
"Ayr Observer* 9 ; 

"To the Right Hon. the Earl of Eglinton and Winton, Lord 
Lieutenant of the County of Ayr: My Lord, We, the undersigned, 
consider rhat it is incumbent on the agriculturists of Ayrshire 
to adopt measures for the t_r;ose of effectually counteracting 
the injurious proceeds of the Anti-Corn Law League , and of 
maintaining that pro? tz'c:. > ;^ ^r:;vv ?~ rrjlture to which our 
country owes so much of its prosperity and greatness, do hereby 
r rarer-" jont Jv - ;e will convene , for an early day, a 

<vrv v : - . -v. ~ _-rr :: ? . id t rv V-j ^ :v _ 

to the County of Ayr, who concur with us in — 
.v ' lis and ob; ?.? ;:s. " 

- << t r ! / . ? - r J , Hill 
William Wallace 9 Drumhead 
James Young , Hairshaw 
George Wallace, Hairshaw Mill 
James Craig, Raithburn 
John Adams, Lightmoor 
John Kerr $ Righiel 
Hugh Wyllie 9 Paudhouse 
John Schouler , Gardrum Mill 

I I I I ! | t 1 | t 

We have thought it proper to give a correct list of the names 
of the persons who signed this much talked of requisition. It 
appeared strange to the public that so many men should have signed 
it , who were professed reformers and dissenters. The tendency of 
our times appears to be more for self than for public interest. The 
farmers in particular , of late, have become more affluent , and with 
their affluence they have lost their inc : ' ee 0 A great portion 
of them will now bow to the will of their 1 _ ore "e: / 


k>* Ihoy are. fast becoming BoLl-hmmd serfs ready to sacrifice 
every opinion or principle, of their "Laird" wills it* 

Me would act include all the farmers* however, in this sweeping 
charge. There are. many noble exceptions, A good number refused to 
sign this requisition* To the honour of the farmers on the 
Crawfordland estate., be it recorded that not a single individual 
would sign It. . - v 

Without a doubt the Seoullera were a family of miliars. At Card rum Mill, 
John was a farmer as well as a miller. They 'had a gtalstery, a dairy and 
cheese factory. Barley and oats were ground Into meal, flour and a alma 1 
feed. The mills were a focal point of the. rural neighborhood* The mill 
operators were generally the more prosperous of the farmers* The Scoullers 
were no exception as can he seen from the photos* These axe quite impressive 
hones » especially when yon consider that as late as the 1920* s half of all 
Scotish families lived in one or two room homes. The mill at Card mm is gone 
but the huge grinding stone remains and the stone house looks today as it' did 
in the 1850* a. The house has a large central area . and two wiags. Typically 
these farms included several outbuildings and a house or two for employees* 

littoek Mill bam 

Garde « Mill homm * * ♦ painting 
oawmiwlotkmd hj Robert Seoul ier before he left 
for Australia in the ISSO's 


& Castle i&»teryl 

A castle occasionally poped up in canversations about the Seoul ier&. Soma 
talked of an old castle & buried treasure! others heard they may ha^e lived at 
a castle** 

This photo of Thomas Sooulleri ham been identified as the Craw* urdland Castle, 
which dates back to the .1200 $ s f is just south of Fenwick (see map)* Mr b * 
Houison~Crawfurd, the current owner , responded to my inquiry this way: m Eave 
looked through what few records we have but can find no mention of either the 
name Secular or Osborne as tenant, servants or having been paid to do work 
here* There has never b-een ? as far as I know, a mill or cheese factory on the 
estate/' What, if any, importance that this or another castle was to the 
family remains a mystery! 

The Scoullers witnessed, and undoubtedly were affected by, the coming of 
the industrial revolution. It was in full gear In the early 1800 *s and 
touched everyones Lives including the farmer. Bluementhal and Ozer in their 

fcook Cogd^_ to America — Immigrants ijfm^ les dese ri'bed the 

transition, this way: 

"Until the .1300 *s the farmer had worked the land in. much the 
same way as their ancestors in the Middle Ages, farmers cultivated 
strips of land scattered among various open fields, rather than 
single* enclosed plots. They used ancient tools, the spade, hoe > 
sickle, and wooden plow* Each rural family had the right to graze 
Its livestock on common pastures and to gather firewood from common 
land, The agricultural system was inefficient, but it provided 
adequate , if crude f livelihood ♦ 


This began to change [coward the snd oi the e:^' ^-32.1 h century 0 
Some larger landowners started to experiment with advanced methods 
of farming and animal husbandry e New inventions , like the 
horse-drawn drill seeder, could far outstrip a farmer sowing seed by 
hand. Landowners rotated crops and used fertilizers to increase the 
harvests o They attempted to improve their livestock by selective 
breeding o 

This kind of agriculture required using land in a way that was 
at odds with the old system 0 At the urging of the progressive and 
generally prosperous landowners, Parliament enacted further 
enclosure laws, which broke up the open-field system Land 
commissions assigned farmers plots of land, which the new owners 
then enclosed by fences or hedges. Sheep owners took much of the 

land for pasture 0 Small farmers often ended up with less land than 
before, and some, who could not produce proc i cliei eights to the 
fields they had been working, got no land at alio The poorest 
villagers, who had relied on grazing their ^nsll stock on the 
commons, now had no pasture 0 And as the land became more productive 
with new machines and methods, fewer laborers were needed to work it. 

Industry, too, was transformed., Until the late I700 9 s most 
industries were 'cottage industries 0 ? Spinners, weavers, potters, 
metal workers, and other artisans generally worked in their homes or 
in small village shops 0 But then new inventions changed all that. 
The spinning jenny and the power loom gave birth to the textile mill 0 

This was the beg ng of the industrial revolution 0 It 
produced more food for an ei I in; elation 5 greater work 

opportunities for the labori g crass a. d provided a better income 
for some than they had made at the home loom or forge 0 But it rang 
the death knell for the inde nt artisan 0 Workers were now 
dependent on industrialist for their livelihood and industrialist 
made the most of this dependence L c~ _ 1 chair laborers 0 

Fourteen- to sixteen- hour workdays weic . ~ _i - adults and 
children o 00 

The Fenwick area is still agricultural and is well known of 
cheesemakingo In earlier times Devon Cattle and dairy farming were main 
industries along with sheep and grain . Fenwick, itself, was and is still 
noted for its many looms and fine weavers 0 Some of the local color and the 
bluntness of their everyday life are revealed In their printed wordo Again 
from the Annals of Fenwick (1844) s 

"March 1st § Mary Wilson, widow of the late Alexander Gordon, 
diedo There was nothing very particular in Mary 9 s life or 
character o She lived to the age of 88 years, and saw her 
great-grandchildren o The most part of her life was spent In 
poverty, besides having great family calamities to struggle with. 
She had a way of prefacing everything she said with, 9 By my faith! 9 
For Instance, she would says 9 By my faith, the only comfort a poor 
body has is to get a drap warm kale (broth) 011 a sabbath day 0 9 

Her husband was a stout, little, old HIghlandman. He was for 
many years a bowlntan and egg cadger In Ms parish. 


^ ^ Curling Club beat :h Wc.i : 
l - : " n % upwards of seventy shots. 

At the Grawfordland ploughing match, held on the 19th, John 
Stevenson, servant with Andrew Gemmill, Aikenhead, took the 1st 
P rize * David Reed, servant with Matthew Gemmill 5 Wyllieland 3 the 
2nd. William Barr, Marchbank, 3rd, and Alex Taylor, Buz d, 4th. 

Janet Cameron gave birth to a son § February 17th. The reputed 
father is Walter Osborne, servant in Gardrum Mill* The young man, 
**> ' ) ioLii^c r t t it : . i: " , ,^ beli - .. r " 

Could it be that Walter Osborne was a relative of Margaret Osborne 

fohn and Margaret apparently spent their adult life at Gardrum Mill. 
< ^ last listed in the Kilmarnock directory as a mill*- _- . /, ^ i h nj 

lLji ] > { ' ^ — - -sr he had been listed as a farmer ana miller. ^- - 1 _ , ■ 
at age 80, a year £fcsi «J= : -d at age 73. Walter, their you^ _ 5.'/' 

took owr th- /r_l . .. - ^. ^ r - 1^ ; i^ :,£l\\ , t i 

i directory and was last listed in the 1884-5 directory. In 1336 
Walter and his family left for Canada. With the departure, mill operation 

apparently ceased 1 Li- _ ~ - : :V- a •;. Lill --s li^ced mder 

•.V with R * Forrest as oceHjjara. current resident is Mrs jsL.f'-. 

" v -icse i:: = 'a:C f ~ Ji_:L, _ :i: Hr- property 60 years ago. 

In Scotland, social and re] : 1 <~ : > lis -/as important and closely tied to 
:he state eonizroi «l-i ;?-■=. i-7i:i - V '~ : i> i v - ' : ; : 0 f t h e 180 : m< 

to ' V ,! " - • — - L-r:--: rLc-/-, ~ : ftnd Ma i 

Scoulle i . . - " , „:r: L . . j: : - . /: . to he* - V\. L-r . 

r r "" ~ - in S:-uV;d in 1943 at age 98. Her it f'r ?-< r 

impression of the mores of the time and of women 1 s life duria ,jV ; ,-.^ f n () 
Margaret p.h. >y2i "L«.e ~: " ^ - iv- -v.- \ J 7nr^ ,J aa n 

stories/ 9 In the 1930's she was worried about her gr*<. • « . ; , (1; 

about divorces in "Good HouseKeeping" magazines. Her comment on ; 
affair of The Prince of Wales and Mrs* Swipsom was; 9t If only she had been a 
decent widow." Of her marriage, she said it was slavery. Her husband 
unfortunately was a typical dominating spouse of the Victorian Age, 

The Church was important. The early Scoullers likely thought of 

Parish cW^h dates h ' ; ; , ^..rj.,* lO V.y 0 J( . V(J ,a) 

Scouller headstones are in the churchyard. A stone, erected by John to 
memorialise the passing of several members of the family, stands against the 
stone fence fa l ^ the church. The stone reads: 


'"•Erected 'by 
John Scouller, Card rum Mill 
la Affectionate Remembrance of 
my wife 
Margaret Oa borne 
who died 10th Feb. 1886, Aged 73 
Also of Ma tons 

Med 6th April 1856, aged 10 years 

Died in Australia, 23rd Feb, 1867, age 36 

Mao of 
Isabella llitcmi 
wife, of Thomas 8 courier 
who died 24th May 1877, Aged 21 
and daughter 
Died 11th June, 1877, Aged 3 months 
The Above 
John Scouller 
For 50 years Miller in Card rum Mill 
Died 15th March 1884, Aged 80 years 
David Scouller 
Died 22M Feb 1§§6* Aged 50 years 

John & Margaret Scouller of Fenwick Church * ♦ * Scouller stow* at lower 

Gar drum Mill* Scotland, 1870 *s or right 
early l$80*s 




Who Died here, on Saturday, 10th February, 
fit Half-past Six o'clock p.rn , 

in Affectionate Remembrance 

/ .V // K l{ 7 4th J' K . / II. 


I'_»tm«'ARV, 1883. 


O y aoO <■:*;■<■. 

Thomas Scouller who was the 9th child of John and Margaret, was born In 
1847. His early years were likely spent with his brothers and sisters at home 
helping In the mill and the farm. Church took up most of his Sundays and his 
^li<v/ g at best was for 6 to 8 years. The State Church ran the schools dad 
triad to have one In every parish! Long after Thomas was out of school, L872 
cflaj^Loog was^.ia: 1 to an elected school board. > : ' ■ ... ^ 

• j Laorj acLc ^ - _e e 

During hie 20 ? s f Thomas moved a short distance to Gar drum Hill where he 
started his owe farm (see Scotland Map). He is also thought to have joined 
the Scottish Mountier a local "ciol:-: alllcia 

On July 24, 1876 T: 2, now 29, married 1-aLH who was 20. A 

: a i sr they had a daughter, Elizabeth. 

Isabella brought with her a jco:\>l Lhac had been In the R:la::oul family 
since 1827. Thcmas kept the journal up from 1876 to 1885, mriri . => lies of 
era more i^pcacant events of his life. (Today the journal is wit! h 
Nor dwell Balis 1 son Hugh and Merline Mason in Centralia, Washington.) A ye 
after their manlaga Tunas wrote of the o:lns that -la < i ' 

An 1877 entry 

My wife Isabella Rintoul died on the 27th day of May at Mill 
Hill Corsock Kirkcubrightshire at her Uncles Wm. Spiere from servere 
bronchitis on the lungs . She has been ailing the most of the spring 
from cold and broke out in a sore breast which had to be lanced but 
the lungs wei i sore affect- i \~< ia lb ' < * h,- 

change of air but she never rallied and died in about four weeks 
af lei - a s r t< I -j, hi lnolsl he'! Rc 

Another 1877 entry 

My daughter Elizabeth died on the 11th day of June from the 
same trouble her mother had bronchitis. She took a little sick 

week when she oaf fared a great deal and died at a quarlea 2 com viva 
evening 1as> a- V ' a/ c " 1 = 

the same grave in Fenwlck Churchyard c 


EXTRACT ENTRY OF BIRTH, under the 37th Sect of 17 and 18 Vict. Cap. 80. 


Name and Surname. 

When and Where Born. 


Same, Surname, and Rank or Profession of father. 
Name e and Maiden Surname of Mother. 
Date and P'ace of Marriage. 

Signature and Qualification of Informant, 
and Residence, if out of the Iloose In 
which the Birth occurred. 

When and Where Registered, 
and Signature of Registrar. 




//// r?J//?J ff/^/^S ///> 9 - 


1ST* . 

&£/r /s?- 

(ft* — 

ft ^f/^7f^ / 4^Ar*'^ f ?,if 

t/^/y ^£J^ a'/^/^s f%^^ - 


.////„ .77 >>i i >/s/ / 



Extracted from the Register Book of Births, for the_ 
_of > . // , >~ 

Jl/j ■ L^ j/y of fA ilull * <f /t,_ 

this kjl_ day o-i^j/ 

_ s in the 


Going to the New World 

JBy the iiid~185Q 9 s the new world wasn't so new but it certainly had 
appeal o At least six of the Scouller children left Scotland 0 The specific 
reason why they chose to leave is not known but some of the underlying forces 
that likely played a part have been mentioned ~ a resentment of being under 
British rule s land reforms, and rapidly changing economic conditions in 
agriculture o On top of these was a population boom. In 1755 there were 1.2 
million people in Scotland and by 1801 there were 1*6 million^ And even with 
nearly a million emigrating the population exploded to 4o8 million by 1920, 
This situation was similar to that in Sweden 0 There wasn't enough good farm 
land to pass down in a large family 0 The industrial revolution was creating 
non-°farm jobs but the promise of the new world was more appealing to farmers 
than industrial wages and living in large, dirty cities c Its probably safe to 
say that most would not have left if they felt they could have prospered at 


John, the oldest son, wms the first to leave * The new world for Mi was 
Australia 1 John apparently married and had a daughter before he died in. ISM? 
at age 36* 

Robert was the next to go, leaving In 1853 at age. 21, he followed hi a 
brother John to Australia, Soon after arriving he and John are believed to 
have 'been working In the prosperous Bail&rst goldfieids* Robert sent a small 
nugget home to his mother. Margaret had it put into a ring setting along with 
some, rubies and peridots. The ring has been passed down four generations and 
is currently with Mere! Hall of Beadigo, Australia. 

John, and Robert started a flour mill in Birregurra, a small town in the 
province of Victoria, After a time they sold the mill and Robert moved to a 
farm, He married Margaret and they proceeded to have several children. As a 
result we now have a multitude ' of Australian relatives, 

James went to Davenport as well as Storm Lake, Iowa where he appears to 
have gotten into farming. County records from the late 1880 f s show that Alex 
and his partners bought several lots In town,, He is thought to have a wooden 
leg and have died before he was 50* Walter, his wife Allison Shaw and their 
five children went to Manitoba Canada in 1886, They farmed for forty years 
near Springfield and had six more children, Allison died in. 1929 and Matter 
at Baselridge la 1942. Thomas came to America in 1.880 and was later joined by 
his slater, Agnes 4 

Young Agnes Soouller in Scotland Walter Seoul lor,, youngest brother 

of Thomas 



Unknown * * * taken, from a tin 



Qar<lru:m Mill house today vi-th 
old mill grind stone in 
former round 










Thoicj Miller j 1: -:s Scoulleri 

Seouller f aiiily-^ThoMas o John Daniel 
Lilly, Ernest, Rose 

"Sailed from Glasgow May 13, 1880 and came to Storm Lake Buena Vista 
County Iowa in January 1881." (Thomas Scouller journal entry) 

rh mas was 33 at - 1 : = - .... _ .a- ~ f er apparently tame to buy 

land and farm 0 1\ " V I i ~t >- 1 ' >o<~d almost exclusively for 

crossing the Atlantic so Thomas was probably on U.S e soil by May 23rd or 
25th, Just where he spent the next seven months is not known . Some of the 
limit 785 iilelf ~1 a- - - _ Li - - r (J _ - [: r r \ 

Perhaps he t^ ' - - > ing for the "right" place to settle. 

He chose a farm in Buena Vista County not far from the town of Storm Lake 
in northwestern Iowa. Buena Vista was Sioux Indian territory and it wasn't 
until the early 1850 f s that white settlers came to the area in strength,, 
Storm Lake, the town 5 Is laid out on the north shore of the lake which Is 5 
miles long and 2 miles wide and is an outlet to the Boyer River. 

When Thomas came to America lie had his language in his favor, English 
had been the official language since the British take over of Scotland. So hr-- 
was able to conduct his affairs and get about his new country better than his 
non-English ^aaaa;,aa; ■ > i i ~< < « s 

Just where he landed is unclear. Apparently it wasn f t far from his 
brother James and an Irish Catholic family named Toy 0 They all lived 7 to 8 
miles northeast of Storm Lake in the Grant Township (see Iowa map). County 
records show that on February 28, 1883 James transferred a piece of property 
in Section 17 of the Grant Township to J & I Fench. 

Wherever s it ^a i _ - 1 - rr ;,lag Anns Toy , the daughter of 

1 ao - 1 c a: r n • n~ - ^ \ , 1 o ■ 1 . ( - - j r r : ~ , t — a^ : Thoma s 9 style 

caused some concerns with Anna f s parents. One of Neal f s grandchildren put the 

slLua^iLi L_ iles£ _a.,_a 1-^ loae „aic Scouller who was a 

Protestant. He was peculiar, my father said, and guess the family didn't care 


Continued piom ChaptdK ? 


6. Nov* 12, I##5 S£o*m Ufee, lorn 

d. Ma*cfe 2$, 1962 1 71 1 l/aiUma, Wa 0 

Ma* % ltd 

Nov* !0 P l®§§ 
Vakima» Wa. 

Thomas 1/ . 

6. 9/16/1909 Yakima 

John Vanial I Paw) 0 

6, 1/11/1915 Yakima 

d. 9/8 / 1 955 {40} 
Yakima* Wa. 

E&tzn, E . Ba&tiy 

b. 5/15/1914 

Et&m£K<i p NtbKa&ka 

UaKjOKio, CHa^d 


14.1% Mae 

" n 

6. 6/1/1916 Yakima 

: / 10/ . 


j Paw id Jacob 

6, 7/25/1916 




6o 1/ 


r - ichaic 



6 0 



Iftoma^ P . 
6. 4/28/1954 

Ba?ibaia % 


6. 1951 
do 9/5/12130) 

Dowaf d 

6. 11/16/52 

6o 4/26/54 


9/7 5/55 


danitl lee* 



Sow- 1 












d 0 





6. 5/29/1956 


Joyce, Pernor 

bo 11/18/40 



b. 1951} 
d 0 1955 


foo 9/14/S6 

6o 1/29/51 


6. 7/3/65 

6. 8/12/69 
6. 5/19/72 

6 0 1/28/62 

6o 5/17/64 

Aaga^tp I9S5 

All? date^ a* e month/ ' dau ! 'u tan, . , 

*w bracket indicate age at death . 

* unable to contact John Pawie.1^ rtotme* 

fle who 16 now Mn*. Soden , o{) Nache.*, Wa 



b . OdtobzK 27, 1891 

d. Eabiuafiy 21 , 1 984 (92) Yakima, Wa« 

6. 7/8/1918 
Yakima, Ha, 


6 . 10/22/192? 


6. 8/1 1/65 


b. 12/29/72 


6. 4/4/S0 


6o 9/12/65 

b. 4/30/76 


6, 12/20/7 8 
d. 10/17/7 9 
[10 m) 


b, 5/20/79 






lotzph Ben 





ftamii© S(S©i3li®r and his second wife^ Anna Toy, farmed in Section 17 ©f the 
Or ant Township, 1881 to 1890. The specific location is yet to be 
identified*. Birthplace of Ruhj p John p and Anna Soooller 0 Thomas °s wife 
Anna died as a result ©f the birth ©f daughter 2%nna D hnna*B parents ^ leal 
(Cornelius) and Rebecca Toy 0 farmed in the immediate area also D 

2^ In Sections 11 and 12 there is a cemetary 0 Could some of our relatives be 
buried at one of these? 

Edecac ' The county map unfortunately does not idem if y count § by 

m or # e So to find Section 17 p ask locally or try this . . 0 start at 
the junction of Highways 71 and 7 north of the lake. Go north on 71 for 3 
miles 0 turn right and go 3% miles 0 That should tahe you t© the lower left 
corner of Section 17. 


too much about him but anyway the Priest begaa to tell my g 

.4 do, and my grandfather told the priest what he c H 8< \"'V ' 

#»ch the Toy family ware no longer Cattelie f % All tMs aaide 1. < < 
toBa were married June 30, 1881 in Storm Lake. .4 saottth ktef Mm'B fmttor 
•vJ ' • melius) died on July 30th at age 71* 

:::: * : '"'- : "::f^C;::||lil; 


I". II: 


. -■* €t 

.:*■{£?■<{■■?■* I*/ ■ "^Sis i^tt : Ci- a sty if- -/fir-?-. 

h I If 


lounq knti& Toy 


-Ulna Toy her- ' / 
claofbter luhy* Iowa 1B8: 
* r^m a 1 1 n pi # ? e 

Again s just where Thomas and Anna spent their first couple of year© is 
unclear but county records shows that on December 8 9 1882 Thomas Seouiler 
transferred property in Section 17 to J & 1 Fench and that on February 10, 
1883 James F 0 Toy transferred property in Section 17 to Thomas and Anna 

'Anna and Thomas soon started their family , only to have tragedy strike 
a a: a !h iae 9 journal entries recorded the events? 

00 €hildren Bom 

Rebecca was bom on the evening of Wednesday at a quarter t@ 
■ twelve © 9 clock 19th April 1882 0 

Rebecca was baptized hear, Storm Lake 9 on the 2nd day ©ff Mgo 
1883 by the Rev. Langfit ©f the Presbyterian Church Store Lake I©wa 0 

joto was born on the 12th of lovember at a quarter before tern 
forenoon 1883 Storm Lake lowau 

Mas Toy ay wife, died on the 10th day of September Thursday 
after giving birth to a daughter which wa§ bom at 7 o'clock aormimg 
(wife died at 12 wmn 9 age 24 years) 0 Storm Lake lowa 0 (1885) 

My daughter Anna Osborne im& baptised at Sulfur Springs by the 
Rev 0 Mr 0 Barley on the let day ©f l©v 0 1885 9 her Grand®© ther being 
present 9 Storm Lake Iowa 0 

My son John Thomas was baptised at Sulphur Springs by the Rev 0 
Mr Q Barley on the let day of November 1885 0 30 " 

The new child was named in honor of her mother who lost her life from - a 
postpartum !k mm : i :> by the birth 0 Anna's mother 9 Rebecca Toy 9 came 

to help Thomas with his children,, She soon became ill and wasn 9 t able to keep 
up with the youngsters o After nearly a years illness she passed away on July 
9, 1886 at age 62 0 

At Thomas 9 urging his youngest sister 9 Agnes came fro® Scotland to help 0 
She arrived in 1886 or 1887 and took over the household chores while Thomas 
concentrated on farming 0 Agnes kept a notebook where she occasionally 
expressed her feelings and those of the family in a poenu Agnes liked the 
children and Ruby Rebecca was her little helpers 

An 1888 poem 

Rebecca is a smart wee girl only sis years old 

And she can wash the dishes up and do what she is toldo 

She can the potatoes also pare and sweep the floor out too G 

d she can wipe the table clean when Aunt has something else to do 0 
Ihen she can walk unto the school a mile or more each day 

id she unto her teacher her lessons always ®ay 0 


Farm life In early Aaari^a ?>as hard. Hard on the ba T aaa * . - . 3 sard 

on the spirit. For women it meant constant toil and often isolation and 
Lc i- i *ss. For the men it was hard work and more hard work. For Agnes 
dreams of independence and prosperity turned to loneliness. 

An 1890 poem 

Three years ago my native land, I left to go abroad; 

To earn a living with my hands still trusting in my God. 

He has watched o'er me all my days and shielded me from harm 

At first I thought when 1 left home to come across the sea 
That it an easy thing would be to gain an independency • 
But now I know it is not so; for these three years have been 
The hardest years of all my life, and no money to be seem 
1 have been home L ' ; " ,e; and sick at heart as well; 
But how 1 longed to go back home to Scotland for to dwell. 
Land of my birth I love thee now as 1 never did before 
I hope to see thee once again and stand upon thy shore . 

For Thomas and reportedly for many other nev; _ , ... a ie <n> n L ^ 

seemed" so close when they .arrived, faded . 

A 1890 poems 

( homas Scouller a Scotchman came to America to buy some land. 
The first farm he bought was at Storm Lake 
but he soon found out he had made - ;ake. 
The winters were cold, and the - : were hot. 
The money was searsa era a i :e a , a- 

The worl ijas hard aaa n~ ; 'zhz,iz ' a .... 

It was work work work till the sun went down. 

So for some years 1 - f9/i a ---- - - t -ented his farm without delay. 

He started off his brother to see :T < . i ng to go on to Wash, Territory. 

He came to Seward where his brother dwells 

ai - - a- 1 T ? > i - : - ~ =1 

He found it to be such a pretty town that he 

made up his mind to settle down* 

He a a 1 1 i - I^>a Mr • Wright; 

with house and < ' " 1 

Hi T, i if m 1 . ~ r? / ' Ta ( < t to Church once More. 

After nine years in Iowa and another two in Seward, Nebraska :l~ family, 
which included their cherished new 00 mother" Aunt Agnes, was off to the 
Washington Territory 0 On December 22 5 1892 they boarded a train and rolled 
into Walla Walla, Washington on Christmas Day. It is not known if they 
intended to go to Goldendale or decided to after reaching Walla Walla. 
Whichever , it was January 18, 1893 and onto Goldendale. Klickitat County 
wasn ? t settled until the late 1850 ? s after the Indian resistance had been 
nullified o These conflicts led to the formation of the Yakima Indian 
Reservation and fishing rights on the Columbia River . The early pioneers were 
traders s and cattlemen and homesteaders who took advantage of the grass in the 
valley lowlands. River boats sustained the settlements and provided 
transportation to Portland and c the . ^i^t: b 0 In 1866 Goldendale had the 
areas first schoolhou: ... - " 1" " ^ , l ; ^ : *:°ns became Important 

crops o B> ■ h aai : a : a: "~-a 1 ; e rail:, l: e railroad was In 
l] ~. • - V„ a J - ^aa r " - : , " ~a .1 ' a a i ---'la 'Ian of U 000. 


seml m i ska 

ij 80 aer© fa on amid hone of tie itaaii® I©msll(§ir family and his sister Agnes , 
1890 t© 1892o 

i ti®si^g Seward is 25 miles 1W ©f Lincoln 0 From the Junction of 
Hwy Q 15 and 34 in downtown Seward go east on Pluj 34 0 ^© about 2 miles 
and turn right onto load 135^ which may be gravel 0 The north boundary is % 
mile down Rd. 135 and is % mile wide. Clark Creek meanders through the 

: 5 

it LID tllMLI I USHI SfiTCi 

hi - - : t _ - - h all v 

Pipeline Rd. to the house is the south boundary. 

^ j 0 i, , - - ' * — . - :: from Agness Sc uller in JC^ i 

a; $800e .. . . . west of Pipeline Rd. at the Junction 

of Pipeline and Oreha 3 leights roads. 

For the location of all our relatives in the area and driving directions r^c 
Golcleniale map in Chapter 11 0 


Thomas §c«ll#r $ children? 
Ruby* John, Anna kneel log in 

Iheii t he 

icmll^rm mrriwi the test lowland had been Mifetel Still 

Iktt was pleitty of gwi famlaM available ♦ They sat tied on a 80 acre ranch 
about two mites wzztimmt of town* 4pies bought ai 80 acre placet just ixp the 
road from her brother, Whether she lived am the property , famed it, or 

whatever ia not known* Thomas* property* which is currently the home of Mick 
Mordwell, sits on a. plateau mrth of town (see Goldendale Map). Wham they 
arrived the place had a house, an outhouse and a log barn that stand a today, 
though it had some additions. 

in. 1903 John Nordwell and his family moved to the area and in 1904 paid 
Agues 1800 in cash for bar 80 acres. That's just $10 am mxm, The following 
year Ruby Seemlier married Peter Mordw-ell who had a farm of his om\» Their 
story continues in Chapter 12. In. 1905 the rest of Zm 

ftiiiiiv, Thnmas, his sister &&nea and John and Anna sieved to fakima ♦ The new 
host® was 24 acres of flat farm !«:! located on McDonald Lane (mow 52&d^ Street) 
about a mite wast of what is know the Yakima Airport (see Yakima Map), Anna 
married a neighbor Frank Farviamce In. 1905 and John married Uellie Lusby ia 
1908, The Lusby*® lived about a mile away, 

Thomas ami Ms sou. John farmed the McDonald place for years, it was 
small as farms go, With a few cattle, some pigs and chickens, and after 
nakin? room for the family garden there wasn't much acreage left for profit. 
In the early 1900 f s most Yakima farms, like the Seoullera, grew dryland 
crops . Water rights were a big issue for farmers and Antanura Creek never had 
much water come summer* More than a few times you'd find John, out on the dirt 
road with, his neighbor. Each giving the other what for for using more tnan 
share. Actually, the treaties gave the Indians first rights 


to the 

water, Me natter how much feeding went on out on the road there wouldn't be 
encash water. So, for farmers like the Scouliera, dryland crops it was, 



approximate Scale: 1 inch = 1/2 aile 


Tmh m C®Emt<3Ei - ' U 1 S. 24 Avenue, where most Yakima Scoullers are bmia 1 
[Be careful not to confuse with the Cheery Cemetery which is -o ^> r 

• r ' r - »f : ' 1 c OC t >Cl r : nr,r - npr l^pteS^ ©End J©to ©Ju^ MoTC S.c 

To^ id H „ ' ^ 7- ti« 7 ; tcon^ S:; ? p iC4t G s tho oojcth hnJ t hot] been 

sold with the remainder becoming the homes of Lilly Seontl^ie and David 
Jacob (2403 So. 52nd)? John and Nellie Scouller, and Adam and Mary 
Purviance Lust (5101 Ahtanum Rd . . . which is at the corner of 52nd ar. 
{lower) Ahtamum) . 

The farm and home of Albert Purviance, the parents of Anne Scouller f s 
husband , Frank Purviance. 

The farm ©f the parents of John Scouller°s wife, Nellie Lusby. 

Directions to the Scouller proper ty Q From 1=82, Highway 12 or anywhere, 
follow the signs to the Yakima Airport, that 0 11 also put you on W. 
U shington Avenue 0 From the airport go west about 2 miles and torn left 
onto So 0 52nd Avenue. A % mile down the road the property starts, 0 and it 
am Rd. 


Since the fan was small John worked off the farm when there was time and 
opportunity. In the fall he got job® picking hops and apples 0 He'd scout out 
farms in advance to find out which rows had the heaviest yields and then he'd 
head for them on picking day 0 Families or groups were assigned specific rows 
so the owners could tell who was not picking everything , being careless , etc 0 
On a good day John could pick over 200 boxes of apples 0 With pay at 5 cents a 
box s he brought home $10 0 John was a great worker and outshined most in the 
field o During the depression he worked the wheat harvest, traveling for weeks 
with the crewo 

While highly energetic, John still did things at home that kept money 
short o He would sell whole milk and buy butter and cream when most were still 
churning their own G He sold wheat and bought it back in sacks 0 Even so 9 they 
had many of the comforts of the day 0 In 1918 they bought their first ear, a 
new Model To Ford, for §800 0 The car raised a cloud of dust as it sped down 
Yi C _ aid Lane at 20 to 30 mpho The car got up to 30 miles per gallon, and if 
the road was good enough, it could get up to 45 mphc John didn't learn to 

drive until they got the car 0 Thomas never tried to learn ™ he didn 9 1 want a 
thing to do with those new f angle things 0 Thomas wa c lis j <i that cars could 
go around corners. Seven years later they sold the Ford and went first class 
getting a new 1925 Oldsmobile with rollup windows and a self starter „ 

Their first radio was a battery powered affair 0 Without electricity or 
home generator it meant hooking it up to the car for its da; 1 charge. This 
particular type of radio was one of the very first commercially available 0 

The S t ers were one of the last in uhe nei if 1 od to get 
electricity o They were content with their wood heat and cooking a I ke ros< 
lj it n< o But around 1925 they hooked up 0 On their first night with lj 
young Tom snuck around and pulled the plug to the lamp . His gra 
Thomas in apparent disgust belle le darn thing broke already 2" Clothes 

washing was a three tub affair and an all day chore 0 One tub was for washing, 
one for rinsing, and the other for blueing (yesterday 9 s equivalent to 
bleaching) o In 1932 they added an electric clothes washer but they continued 
to line dry their clothes into the 1980' So 

While some say Thomas wasn't adventurous, he certainly was distinguished 
looking and colorful e He, of course, was from old Scotland and brought with 
him strict rules for life* He read his bible frequently and didn't drink, 
smoke, dance, and seldom cussed « He also was very independent. For years he 
lived in a small house he built on the place, while John, Nellie and their 
five kids Tom (the oldest born in 1909), Dan (John), Ernie, Lilly and Rose 
(the youngest born in 1921) lived in the main house along with Aunt Agnes 0 
The little house wasn't in the best of condition and in the winter Grandpa 
Thomas moved-in with John's family 0 

Kids will be kids but with grandpa in the house clashes of standards 
sparked now and them Actually, Thomas tried to stay out of raising the 
grandkids but when he couldn't tolerate what was going on anymore you'd hear a 
loud Scottish 00 My Song 90 that was his cuss word which struck fear in little 
hearts o 

Another time when you could hear Thomas yell was when his boils were 
being given the home remedy 0 Both he and John had boils more often than they 
likedo When the boils were ready to lance, a pop bottle was heated over the 
stove and then the hot neck slid over the 'boil, forcing the puss out c Not a 
treatment without pain 0 



like most farm families ate well but had little else Fruit 
:;:<-! produce were canned. In the Yakima cold, meat ^ ,^,1^,^,, T 

1 ^ ' ' ,|le '^ " J ""- - arrived meat was on the r, \ 

: imes a lay . 

A truly exciting time was late summer — Harvest Time. All but th«* 

bigger hsa ck: g-nr l'W h -« f^V-hers 

:l a ^v^of 25 made quick work of most fields. For the f . t u aHfi 

i.fJ h . - ) M- c~ ,rr-^ j _~ j I.- l i 

Summer meant hot weather and swimming in Antanum Creek. The attraction 
ras strong; certainly more so to John's teenage boys than chores. One year 
m m ■ m was to keep the 3 acre corn field hoed and -weed free 0 In the oi tn> 
heat three hoeings would do the trick. Tom did fine for a while. Then it 
became; hoe three rows and off to swimming , then two, then one. His dad soon 
noticed and was marking the daily progress with a tin can. 

Homemade beer was big with the local boys, including the Scoullers. With 
few trees and only flat open fields, hiding - i _ ^] _ , , , ; j, 

the kegs were stashed in the barn but not always success/ . — ^ 
time they ? d load >artemcly tip off their mother, Nellie. One big giv e away was 
the boys would take cups out of the b-jpy £ot no apparent reEaoru lig/h 
Hellie saw to it that it was dumped. More than once though volunt - 

to "take care of it". Being a valley boy in the 1920 ? s also meant taking yc 
410 shotgun ever:"rher a you went just in case a pheasant flushed. 

In 1921 when Thomas was 74, he built the last of the three or four houses 
he built on the property. This house, though barely any of it original self 
remains, is at what is now 5101 A I ™ ? - f o 0 n the corner of Am: a mm Road and 
Soo 52nd o Currently its the home of John and Nellie's niece, Mary Fj:>:Tic.r,,:. 
Lust« Like the other houses he built, this one was made out of 1 in - 
inch boards with a 4 inch cleat over each crack. The innei -« , 1 i mi H TJ e 
with ardl >ard. Chat 1 s it. What insulation there was, was - - z > 
se id (vi • ,i (] in f L . . - 

The earl}" Yakima Scoullers have all passed away. Agnes in 1932 at age 
>2 3 Tl i as in 1940 at age 93, Anna in 1954 at age 69, John in 1962 at age 78 
and Nellie in 1984 at age 92. All lie at rest at the Tahoma Cem< tery at 1507 
So 24th Avenue in Yakima (see Yakima map) . 

John and Nellie were two people who everybody liked . . . there honest 
charm was magnetic 0 Nellie loved flowers and plants and her yard was aJwnys 
at and alive* Her friends frequently gave her exotic plants 9 but with 
NclL-r 9 , n 0 . i c e ia \ and cold of fakima 

beautifully . 

Today the original 24 acres has been reduced to less than four as 
urbanisation approaches . Still there is family on the property . Lilly and 
David Jacob live on an acre; Nellie f s 2 1/2 acres is rented by Lilly to their 
grandson who recently married and hopes to buy the land and Its mobile home . 
Mary Lust lives at the corner . 


Jobs an£ j ? s five kids, of course 9 grew tmps 

To®, bora in 1909 married later Eastly during the depression He first 
worked for contractors on highway construction and for a wMk drove equipment 

for the State 9 © Department ©f Highways Late in the 1930° a he started 
painting automobiles 0 By then their tw© children Evelyn and Tom were 4 and 5 
years old 0 

In November of 1940 To® and his family moved to Seattle 0 Pie joined the 
painters union and was soon painting houses 9 eoiaercial buildings and what 
have y©Uo During World War II things slowed down in the private sector and 
' 3 i c 1 ks d , a? sands of others D went t© work in the defense industries He 
painted in the ship yards and then would go back to the general contractors 
for as long as he could 0 Ester became a mechanic for Boeing during the war G 

Along the way Tom went into real estate and owned an apartment house for 
19 years in Seattle 9 s garlic gulch — the Italian community. In 1962, h ' 
retired pad moved to Camano Island near Stanwood though he dabbled in painting 
for a few years 0 Pour years later 9 in 1966 9 they bought their view home where 
they live today at 824 So Sundown 0 

Today Tom and Ester mostly take it easy and visit with their kids and 
ind : So All the gra^ ikidi ave become com reiai .she man and are in 
Alaska o Emphysema iai i owed 1 dm and keeps hii closer tc horn >re than he 
13 :eSo 

Jc ! Mm il am j iller 

John was born in 1914 and was John and Mellie 9 s second 0 He and his wife P 
Marjorie Ward 9 had three children § Barbara P Baniel Lee^ and Nancy 0 For most 
of his short adult life John worked at limber mills around Yakima o In 1954 he 
was 6 ng i as having cancer 0 A year and a half later it took his life at 
age 40o 

(Motes Efforts to locate his former wife & who is reportedly Marjorie 
S den of N« tiesc to find out more about the family were not successfulo) 

Lilly Sc@©131er 

Lilly May at age 19 married a neighbor s David Jacob, on November 10 9 
1935 0 That 9 s fifty years ago this year (1985) e They also married during the 
!ej is on and like the others a steady job was hard to come by G Lilly worked 
in packing houses during the harvest seasons and at about this time the Yakima 
airport- was being constructed as a GGC projecto Dave got in on the early 
i 'iase and helped install the underground drainage systems that still work 
great today e Their son David Jr 0 was born during this time 0 As that job ran 
out the three Jacobs moved to the Grand Coulee Dam projecto They spent 
1937-39 there and then moved to the Seattle area where Dave worked in 
construction o During the war he worked a yeai at Boeing and the next 3 1/2 at 
the Bremerton navel yardo There he did electrical work on ships as well as on 
lavy housing projects 0 


After the war Lilly and the family returned to Yakima to settle 
>e nan Ltly on the Scouller Place* In 1950 they had the shell of their 
current cj i : block home put up and they did the rest of the work 
themse] res. The home, which is located at 2403 South 52nd Street, sits on an 

f ir i - h, ! i' 1 t i i ji: i 'J. r ' e - lZ _ ' - - . ' ' - i I / « 3e< - 

jliiiriii inn ii (A with until his retirement in 197? at age 61 o 'a--. e< h. a an 
construction and does a lot of the blasting work. They have tw ^ o<-e 

In retirement Dave and Lilly take care of their dogs, a ^a.aeaa ieaUe< p e 
younger sister Rose f visit friends and relatives and cut five to seven cord of 
fire wood each year e They also do chores around the place, le : : aa; one such 
chore in 1979 Dave and Lilly discovered history buried on the property: 

"A Yakima man and his family have found some telltale traces of 
valley history right in their own be :ai eaa§ ca»a~ -.ii^ee there 
. ^ a ' a:e e 

Mr o aeea, 13 _ : v - .r 3 a =• . ~^"3a 1= 3 _ :.. - .... -l^c ^rical pole 

at his mother-in -law 9 s house when - :u. a cache including a 

twihliLo 3e _:aa ^i3„ ^ ~ - -ee^ _ _ Lzzz ci&o 

h&naaaie with haa ~ nails), parts of a cast iron stove and copper 
kettles Dljj ,s:z~ ^ -: J i_ a^j al~ a a:3 ""'eat he thinks are 

SLi -/eeee^; - 3a3-£ iieea ae artifacts, 

Nellie Scouller, Jacob's mother in law, said that in her 
lifetime :3f , - _ ' ,= ^ 1 • a.- er; . ase? i_ sea 

plo7ae3 ^ c -.I " " a3.~e - ~-_~e.> ~1 a^ 3 - ' lived oa the 

property for the , est 71 years. 

Jaeo3 aea a. , a e ^ "a- ~~e; - e: ; <:, ztrz 

hole for an electrical pole at Scouller 1 s mobile home on the 
property. Scouller 1 s ori : lal home had been torn down on the 
1 1 j > - e.y . 

Jacob used a shovel and pick to dig a hole one yard in diameter 
and five feet deep and in the process found the bits of Americana 
which he believes were part of a military encampment at the site 
sometime before the turn of the century. 

The cannonball is handmade in two pieces of equal size. It is 
four inches in diameter, 12 inches around and weighs 17 pounds, 
aeeee^ »a \ m JaeobV, aaa^a vjeoljo 

The cannonball has an outside caseing of copper, and an inside 
casing of cast iron but Jacobs' say that they are unsure of the 
material used to fill the casings because of the weight. 

The horseshoes found at the site are handmade of several sizes 
and shapes. Jacob said the smaller may have been used to shoe mules 
while the larger shoes are of a size that would fit horses. 

Along with the art if acts , Jacob found ashes and coke in several 
spots while laying wire. He thinks these were sites of campf ires 
nearly 100 yea is ago, 

Jacob said the Yakima Valley Museum has , ~ : . red that the 
o ! j e~ \, ' j zed on eaaa/at . 


Jacob thinks that there may" be more srd L j due croiad 
beaauae the hoi- itrn .ae object- ^nn^ faumc lo < >^a yard in 

diame^ero 0 * 

Yakima Community News 
lovember 14, 1979 

Ernie ' \ — Ji i j _l 

Ernie got out of high school ia the air laaaa , huu^ around 

Yakima for about five years . He married Marjorie Stewart ana ia April 
1940 i Lao, iiic^i of their four children. But find a steady 

job he couadaft. Wnen the US was drawn into World 'm 1 naia and Lac 
raw" iy coved to western Washington and went to J j i'^n^o The 

fii^at plane he v- v o ao on wa^ a r ^ i _ . ' j , a- China 

Clipper o fhe early clippers could fly an 200 miles non-stop and 130 mph! 
On j - :2 9 3 Sao * 50 veara ajo) a China Clipper o/a- ahe first ever 

flight cross the PacifiCo It coo 1 / 4 stops and 59 houra and 4S donates 
of flying time. 

In 1944 he received his greeting -~ a draft notice from Uncle Sam ~ 
and was off to the Marine eorp tank combat trainini Before his unit 
conic- get overseas the war ended 0 Ernie sighed in relief and ret ir: sd to 
his fai J y and to Boeing 0 

When they moved from Yakima they settled in South Seattle where 
Patricia was born in March 1943 and James in April 1945 0 A year or two 
Jateic tney a -?ed to a 29 acre farm in the Auburn ilnl- < Im La4o they 
added the 41 acres next door for just $800 ™ Oh how he wished he had 
hung on to that? While there, Ernie farmed, mostly beef cattle, and 
continued to work at ao9_a[< avenaually they moved b r - - ^ Lowiia 
Sharon was born while they were on the fanio 

In 1960 Ernie and Marjorie divorced 0 La a „ La>a<^ wa led Lillian 
faji t / n > - r g a- , ^le ' a nj J - i yi u« , r nic. In hie 32 
years with Boeing Ernie worked most every job there was on the assembly 
at one time or another* In 1979, at age Sic he retired 0 He and Lillian 
happily leica the big city rat race for the tz all E Whidbey 
Island a i six m : ba n i 1 ,1 < a* a^L 1 owe at 

335 E akkea Lai iaa! 1 - Ms brother Tom ee£ slowed 

down by emphyaemao 

loaa Seouller 

Rose is John and Nellie "a y .congest P being born in October 1921 0 
Scan nelen high school lose married Joe Guthrie c 1 - miked 
as a farm hand 0 'Late in 1940 Joe and Rose moved west with the hope of 
finding a good job on the 00 coast c % as nej-nl* L. e- a ^ n„g on call 


the west side of the Cascades* 

Joe got on with plumbing contractors and with the war moved into 
ship yards, Nellie s their first child., was born in May 1941 while they 
lived la Seattle* By the time John was bom- in November 1943 they lived 
in Gig Harbor near Taeoma ♦ At wars end the family moved back to eastern 
Waahing ton. arid settled on a small farm near Sunny side » They operated 
their farm and Joe also hired out as a farmhand, Ben. their third and 
last child was bora in October 1945 not long after they moved onto the 

Rose was married to Joe for 12 years* To say the least * the 
•marriage was not the best thing for Rase, There apparently was physical 
and menial abuse. Soon after their separation she went to the Medical 
Lake Hospital* which turned out to be a 12 year stay. In the .11160* ® Rose 
returned to the Beouller property* staying with, her mother until her 
death In 1984* Today Rose lives in a small house ne^t to Lilly and Dave. 

Thomm Bmrnllm holding his 
bible, £akim&, Jul 16, 133$ 

John & ffellie ieoulier's wedding 
portrait, 1908 

\j "Mn" Seoul ter ? r^:, 1954, 
* ; Barbara, wif€ llarjorl# # Dani*!* 

/J? , /c 



;1| I 

Filed for ; r • ^ , ^^Cov^r l> 

. 3 J. day of. 

/ Wananty Deed- r , ^ 

f - — ^-^Miy^.MJ...... County Cler) 

Mmmm mtt Siteit bi$ fYtese Presents; 

oftks County ef„ 

""tidoratum of the turn of 4 JM U*JL 

»» hand paid, da hereby Cant, Jwert... jfen, ««m 0 ^ nut Sonnrnt, t^^L*^ JLi*«M>ua. . 

. „ tf'i ijl r i,l 


and Stats of_ chjJL a Uta t _ ihs 

>JL/jC l 

f ^ ! ^^ f ^'^ - .:r 7 >~,> <^ - J^r 

r. ! ; ,, 


„/V Ferrer :<i the said^ ^^vt^odb Ji.t&vJll*Af.,.. 

. .«_»__. _ . : '._ 

— x.£^M^A^ku^uUy seized of said premises; that they am free from incumbrance, 
- £hat„ — S... have gmd right ami lawful ai&tkmiiy to sell the same ; and cJ?. 

- ' , > -Mis to said premises against, X " ^ i 1 I < < ^ <> L n , ^ Jt 
; - ! -T^^rr—^^^ ^^r-^e^;^^^.- _ ^ r ^_ 

^ . - 

In Presence of 

^jday of /fl^jz^^A^J^ ^. D. l^C 


Ob this,. 


Of ^. J). 

188 % , 

before M^i2LjL^ a %Alln^< t^Jrt^j _ 

duly... ) > ' s\ 'i/ - r/ . - 1 ' ^ - J - ^ f / J , tL , i t , -, t ^ 

JLu^u.JY^... 6 )kj^f^, .o.w^ „ _ 

^ • - : : > -T , ' S s , . , , r s ' - , t ?'x ' ^ s - -jtmtor^ .„«Fgfi 

- - ^ r -3< ? ii <<o » 9) the said instrument to be ism. voluntary act and deed 

WITNESS my hand and „. ^izf oLaj^alt. seal the l(?4 and year last above written. 

39 C\'.. ,/. ?b*-rv-^l 



I J b<s Anna & Frank Purviance family— Frances, 
. 'jnes, Mary, Albert, Elsie 

Compiled and written by Elsie Pui iisace Eschbseh 

Of the three children born to Thomas and Anna (Toy) Seouller, Anna 
Osborne was the last?. &he Wc £ ' - . S^ceiibei 1885 in Storm Lak 

Iowa. While a new birth is looked upon as a joyous occasion, in th. 
instance s it was also a time of deep ii-ss as it took the life of the 
mother o The maternal grandmother of little Anna, Rebecca (Rusk) Toy, 
undertook the *re f iie jlrre- t - . but : -:; . : r> healtl was 

failing - she died the following July. Aunt Agnes then took charge of c 
chile : < \ 

The exact date when Agnes S-^i:llv' j wie from Fenwick, Ayr Co., Scotland^ 
is not known, but it is believed to be before the death of dma Toy. 

Thomas's sister, igiies, had at one time studv^7- ;wi£ed to study to be a 
doctor but became a licsn^f.d midwife instead. Her aedicct] i lm:og 
i udoajh^odly a blessing, she probably made frequent use of it while rax . < the 
Iree youngsters, as well as assisting in the delivery of their babies in 
J 'u:o , p /irs. 

Having an "auntie" and father born in Scotland to raise them, the three 
children must have displayed many Scottish mannerisms and customs; other 
school children were quick to note any such difference . One winter they had 
the flu (called the GRIP) ; when the children returned to school with their 
lunch sack, it became known as their "grip-sack" 0 

As the children grew up, John and Anna, the two younger ones s delighted 
in teasing their older sister Ruby; she would put-up with only so much before 
she would take out after them. Tradition holds that the younger ones always 
had reason to regret their folly although it did not restrain them for long. 
This habit continued into their married years. 

After several years in Iowa, Thomas moved the family to Nebraska where 
the farming appeared better and they had a better constructed home. The new 
area seemed to appeal to "Auntie" as she commented in one of her poems that 
"she could get to Church one:, : a." The grass must have appealed g: 
elsewhere, before long they were on their way to the State of Washingt i and 
settled in Goldendale. 


Continued irom Chapter I 


Born !sP vtQ mbe r 10 1 & & % *\£ nft m laho 1 nam 
died February 2?, 1954 {68} Vakima, Washington 

UkmiEV November 25, 1905 


go November 7 , 1906 
Vakima, ft/a. 


E a April 19 p 1909 
Vakima, tela. 

M. 7/50/24 Vakima 

Ray Scott 

6. May 25, 1903 
Naches, Wa. 

P. February 19, 1966 (62 
Tacoma , ft/a . 

1 11/10/28 Vakima 

Charles Austin 
B August I , 7903 

H% 1952 159} 
Stalk, Ma. 


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Vernon Harold 
10/30/61 5/22/69 


Yakima, Washington 


Bo*n September 2 , 1114 Goldandalz , Washington 
Pied August ?J» 1945 [60] Yakima, Washington 


8 . Ap^til 16,1911 

Yakima , 


M . 1! / ? 0 / 2 5 


July 6, 1915 
Yakima, Wa. 

Adam Last 

P Q 

Jul*/ 25, 1904 

ApKil 23 , 1 97 7 172) 
Yakima, Wa . 








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8 4/19/35 

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All dates cut e s :^ Ik/ day I yeah. 

#'s in brackets indicate age at death 
* Adopted 

© Adopted foe/ VietoK E^chbacfi 
J> Adopted fat/ Woali Collie 

Thomas took Me family to Yakima 9 Washington for the annual hop-picking 
season each fallo it was in the Purviance hopyard that Anna met one ©f the 
two sons of Albert Hale Purviance - John Frank 0 Fraiak must have taken a 
liking to Anna 9 and she to him, on Iov 0 S, 1905 she became his bride 0 Thomas 
had by that time moved his family to Yakima on an acreage slightly to the west 
of the Purviance farm G 

Hops were light and fluffy , and the barrels filled slowly ° how often 
Frank helped to fill Anna 9 s barrel can only be speculation, but the 
hop-picking activity continued for many years 0 No one was made rich but there 
was a certain escitement about 00 hop=picking time 00 that seemed to transcend Its 
other more monotonous features 0 It was an event Anna enjoyed , and all of her 
five children had ample exposure to the experience as well, but never at the 
rate of speed Anna mastered early In life - a feat that gave her considerable 
pride o 

Following the marriage of Frank and Anna, they moved down the road a 
little ways from the farms of their parents to an acreage of their own; this 
was an area that was to remain Anna's home for the rest of her life 0 

Frank descended from a line of Purviance s that had been traced back to 
Scotland and the Glasgow area G The family line was engaged In shipping , and 
shipping points were established wherever any of their family settled 0 

In or around 1610 , Jon de Purviance arrived in France - In Royan which 
nol let I Lng ; Into The Purviances were protectant and called "'French 
Huguenots 00 which did little to endear them to the French Catholics. In the 
years which followed there was constant turmoil between the ruling religious 
bodieso It didn 9 t seem to matter whether the Catholics or Protestants were in 
power 9 the other was severely persecuted 0 In 1630 the above Jon was executed, 
reportedly because of his religious beliefs 0 His descendants remained there 
until 1685 id sin the Catholics removed the last provision for religious freedom 
(Edit of Mantes) o They then fled to northern Ireland to an area called 
Casltefln, Co 0 of Donegal 0 This area already contained Purviance cousins who 
had left France some 3-4 decades earlier and were engaged in the shipping 
business . Four emigrant brothers - descendants of Jon - left Ireland around 
1740 for America o 

They were in Lancaster Co 0 , Pennsylvania until ca 1767 when they migrated 
to Cabarrus Co OS) North Carolina » They left there In 1820 and remained in 
Illinois (central) until Frank's grandfather, James (the oldest of 11 
children) left the family fold. By 1880 he was In Coldendale, Washington,, 
They arrived in Yakima in 1897 0 Frank, his brother, Roy, and two sisters Cora 
and Carrie, were born In Goldendaleo 

Anna seemed quite content with farm-life 5 however, it was never an 
occupation which appealed to Frank 0 Before their second child, Agnes, was 
bom In 1909, they leased the farm to a brother-in-law and moved to Union 
Gap 0 They operated a grocery store on I 1 adway with Annans brother John. The 
two families later moved to quarters above the store 0 It Is not known how 


long they fo >d th< pursuit, but they were back on the farm by the time 
Mary was bora in 1911. 

Frank, thereafter , farmed along with side-lines in selling; he had a 

fr k 4 W ^ < i I ,! 'l - : ■ : X - - ^ • . I-.'' 1 L~ Alt J 1 ' M 1 ill,, l t 

i.uuh.^ , r-»p* 9 at^ u He L.z^l j i c j.i . - ' > - . i at 

on iuu • ni 1 ' ,n i - ' ■ ' > '> • ' bin. T'^s nh; i^gec! by 

greal - satisf ction and success than he found in farming® 

In winter time there were quilts to make and when the qui It patches were 
all put together the frames would go up in the livi..^ > »>oa coil the EinisL (fork 
of tying Liie blocks together. There was barely room to move th> < i'<Jn the ar °> 
to and from bedrooms until the quilt was out of the frames* There were card 
parties also to attend and the children enjoyed these as much as the parents* 
ice John i ! i iH-a lived fairly close to - /- . j i . -^t j" , - 

were reached in winter by horse and sleigh. 

J'eio > £ 111 3 ,j 1 _ ... - _ , most of the young st i winter 
•= this area was flooded over, a big pot r: : z^zz toup or other type of soup 
was cooked over an open fire and zzz:L~z :- zz^zz jusly . The oldest child of 

Frank and Anna has z :z... l ' - ^ j h.~ -> : r n=t o»-be , Ray Scott, 

skating on this pond. 

All five :.: Z. I ° - :z 1 _ . : - " zz two room Armstrong 

School located over a half mile distance from the farm. This school bui f ^ i 
was used during various perl ~- ; , : ; - 'z r ~<\ r>o Sunday. 

There were ^iztayz cows to milk; when the girls were around six they were 

int. rod - sd to the m:Ok zt r >~j - :] bucket to "help Dad" with zlzz nJ IV:; g; : 

contii 1 1 through all five of the children as the older ones m? ' < c ; i< 
younger ones ^st sd the chore. 

In the summer time, the most frequent outing was to Soda S] i Lgs - a trip 
Frank eej * 1 -c:ally The Fourth of July was a special oc^ : >n with all 
the relatives arriving with their large baskets of food 9 pop, and ice cream. 
It rarely took a special holiday, however, for the family to go to the hills 
for the day. Soda Springs acquired the name from the springs of soda water 
which Frank thought were great for a tonic and many jugs were toted home with 
them e The trip there in their touring car was a hazardous excursion when 11 
came to >h^ ^rr , • > lw 1( r ,, r ^^ or 

sometimes just the I w K (3. Cars could not pass each other through parts of 
it g and many a driver had to back-up to a wider spot to let another car go 
through. This was an era when cousins enjoyed the companionship of FAMILY, 
and was cherished as a favorite form of recreation, 

Frank and Ann? followed the Christ ~ ~ . - I i ^ z~z ; especially 

adept at e^" ° . r lictla money go a long way - g-.e c ::e 1; , "his included some of 

her hop-picking money that she had carefully hid for this purpose or other 

emergencies o ""e-^ - z - ~ Sz _ z > iz.zz . ^;r- ^ i. 


little gifts 9 oranges, nuts & candies 9 books to read, dolls and doll clothing 
and a \ i -jriate gifts for the one boy in the family 0 One Christmas Anna and 
Mary were quarantined in the home of John and Nellie 9 and Frank hid some candy 
for Agnes and Frances in the sewing machine drawer^ it was a bleak Christmas 
for theiHQu 

The family circle was broken when the oldest 9 Frances , age 17 5 married 
Ray Scott leaving Anges 9 age 14 5 Mary 9 age 12 9 Albert age 7 and Elsie age 3 Q 

« c Purviance 

Frances and Ray had three children^ Evelyn^ Gerald 5 and Delberto Ray 
followed the railroad occupation most of his life until he retired^ some of 
this period in later years was on location in Pasco 9 Wai con 9 but returned 
to their home in Yakima at retirement 0 Frances sang- in the choir at the 
Christian Church for many years e She was taught to play the organ by Auntie 
Scouller^ when she was a ehild^ and enjoyed music 0 As of this writing 9 June 
of 1985 , Frances, a widow 9 is in a retirement manor of the Yakima Convalescent 
Home. She has seven grandchildren and ten great gran c an, 

Agne® ?ur dance 

Anges and Charles Austin had four children s David 9 felma, Betty s and 
Daisy, Charles also worked for many years on the railroad, later fa: d and 
managed rental properties 0 Agnes has 15 grand i m and 7 great 
gran r Iren. Agnes 9 now a widow P lives in Selaii and j - I it rental 

] ) Dp rrt Les and home. 

Mary Furvimne© 

Mary and Adan Lust had one son s Harold 9 who had two sons ? Larry and 
Lyle 0 Adam spent most of his life on farms 3 and for many years worked for the 
Gilbert Orcha ds both as foreman and laborer c He , ><-J apples for the 
Gilbert Co Q during the earlier fall seasons 0 She s too 5 is a widow s and eares 
for her home and large yard in the lower Ahtanum area 0 This is the home site 
1 - . ad and occupied by Grandpa Thomas Scouller 9 and is next door to 
the place where Auntie Agnes lived in he? later ;^,ars until her death 0 Very 
little remains of the house Grandpa built - only a wall o « two 

liber t mi£\v±mm,C(B 

Albert married Anita Boecher and had three children? Frankie 9 who died at 
10 months 5 Lola, and Joyce . He has six grandchildren and _ great 
grandchildren 0 He was a laborer and did yard maintenance until a serous heart 
problem curtailed his physical activity 0 His second marriage ended in divorce 

as did the first 0 He is married to Marie and they make their home in 

Yakima 0 


Elsie married Lyle Devin whose death preceded the birth of their 
daughter. Delaine. She then married ¥ictor Eschbach and they had a son, Don 0 
They have four grandchildren; and live in Yakima * Victor farmed for himself 
for many years and later worked on the farms of others, until becoming 
disabled. Elsie worked for the Federal Government for 30 years, retiring from 
Social Security on 1980, She is active in a number of activities including 
-Ally History and has recently started the Yakima Parkinson Support Group . 

John Frank Purviance & Anna Scouller 
wedding portrait 


tan a Frank Purviance children, 

Fronts MJfe&rfc* larf* Back is . ".: 
Wtmmm ? \ <■ ~ * Elsie Pur via nee 



Ever need an excuse for losing your temper? Why not ?i c - 'V = - 1 < i j «n 

stereotype . . . "It's just my Irish blood/ 9 Our Iris: bis ilj^g! d the 

1881 marriage of Thomas Scx^ler of Ee^:^ u and Anna Toy and their three 
children Ruby Nordwell ^:h„ _a- - - l^.-, 

; These cies eev^ ^e~j _ r.jl r^ ^eiil^ies :f Ic 

Loi ionberry in Northern Ireland (see Ireland map) . The records reveal that 
our Irish blood is limited at best. On July 16 IT'Zl >J_z iL^z i: = :es Ii" 
in Ireland when he married Jane O'Neil of Muff, Ireland o They married in the 
Presbyterian church there and on the u rrl&ge records he is listed as being 
born In Scotland 0 . - :.. ~ \. , ~ " 1217 r~d at least two 

children; Daniel on April 6, 1786 and Alexander on October 27, 1792 0 The 
Church of Ireland ehow Leal "-r:'., " of Beseitglll martied R r r^a Coyle of 
Aughnish on October 11, 1811 in Muff. Rosanna, who was born £.r . f 1 » 
was ch> c^.e;>H:eL " : : r f el ~~- - - ~ e -^"-V . .l-vtly lining in .ish. 

The Toy name originates from Scotland and is of French PL • , iii > tig:?;.!, 
Early spelling Included Tuay, Tol s Tohy, Toey, Touy, etc a One of Daniel's 
grandson 9 s, James F. Toy, had the Toy family researched. Opal Toy Langdon who 
lives in California said that that effort took the family into France. 
Unfortunately the details of the research have since been lost. For our true 
Irish blood we must rely on Rosanna, and that she provides, Coyle is an old 
Iris! name m on in Northern Ireland Londonberry , Tyrone , and Donega 

districts (counties) o 

Daniel and I ai tc >arently li \-' > r ' < • * j'> «_ - « > ore coming to America 
(see Ireland map). Neal, who Is of our bloodline was born there on 
February 18, 1813 (the 1940 Toy family chart Indicated January 1, 1813), 
Exactly where Daniel lived and what he did In Ireland has not been discovered, 

Why nonHBnglish people, and those with Catholic ties In particular, left 
Ireland is not hard to understand. At the top of the list lias to be foreign 
rule 5 loss of their land, repressive laws and political turmoil. Wot to 
mention over-population and living near the brink of famine 0 British control 
began in 116:- ~:lt" ":V I" :. t ..... - _e n. The control swing back and forth 
between political and religious l. 'ee' ^ . 3. In this ".>^J- el.:..,:;e. ,^ :hei<= . r 
many invasions, Internal rebellions, crop failures and little for the Irish 








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Donegal, UM'^j c - i *m?m ny-y^r; 


Of the Ireland places listed on the T i 
family charts only Muff appears on the maps 
available here in the USA. Desertogill and 
Aughmish were located from some old faint 
maps sent by the geneologist who researched 
Toys back an additional generation 0 Whether 
these places exist today is not known 0 


themselves 0 The turmoil has parallels to today 9 s ongoing battle between the 
B: Ltish Protestants and the IRA 9 (Irish Republic Army) 0 Several historians 
theorize that the centuries of conflict is from the failure of the invaders to 
truly conquer o As sueh 9 there has always been a flame of hope for freedom and 
independence o 

Repressive laws known as the Penal LawSc, were carried over from ruler to 
ruler o These laws were the legal means for the English to confiscate the 
people's lando By 1700 over 12 million of the 17 million acres of tillable 
land was 00 transferred 00 to English control 0 For the most part the former owner 
became tenants Q 

By 1750 the British controlled Protestant Church of Ireland was in 
control o They added to the already repressive Penal Laws and also raised land 
rents o The new laws dictated that Catholics could Inherit property only If 
they converted to the Protestant churcho Another law required tithing to the 
State church even though many parishes had no parson or formal church head 0 
Another law recognized only ma riages conducted by the State Churcho 

The over-population In Ireland was more severe than In Scotland and 
Si ^ r n 0 By 1800 the population was 4 mlllIon 0 Amazingly It grew to 8 million 
by 1850 o In contrast 8 the 1980 population was 3 C 5 mlllloiio Crop failures 
only compounded the problems of poverty^ disease and starvation The great 
potato famine of 1848 was only the worst 0 A crop failure meant not only a 
:o >age of food in the winter but a shortage of seed potatoes for spring 
planting o The 1848 famine lead to a million deaths and triggered a mass 
exodus to America o 

Going t© America 

The Toys departed long before the 1848 famine 0 The first Toy known to 
leave was James who left In 1814 and settled In Henry Ciay^ Delaware near 
Wilmington James is thought to be a brother of Daniel 0 

Daniel 9 Rosanna and their two young boys Neal and James came to America 
reportedly in 1818 0 The trip across was most likely on a sail freighter and 
probably took about six weeks though bad weather could have added a couple of 
weeks o 

Just why the Toys left Ireland can only be speculated 0 But the word of 
jobs 5 food ^ economic opportunities and a full range of freedoms In America 
must have been a strong magnet to all except the very well off of Ireland 0 

In America 

The Daniel Toy family also settled In the Brand ywine valley town of Henry 
Clay 0 In the 1820 9 s it was a small town with a small but growing du Pont 
Company which had located there In 1802 0 


Hear/ Clay, in fact, was more rural than city. Most families still put 
in a geu ^'j 33lre lots of potatoes, a few had chickens and sold eggs to 
neighbors , and a few cows wandered about. The cows reportedly loved to sleep 
on the Brandywine Greek bridge during the summer. That was only a problem for 
the. luenele who staggered home after a Saturday night at the Tavern. It was a 
time when there were no cars. In fact, few town people had horses and most 
everyone walked to work 0 

When they first arrived in Henry Clay, Daniel f s family boarded at the 
Owen King, home, A John Toy was also a boarder at the Feng house. By 1823 the 
family had grown to six with the addition of Ann in 1821 and Jane in 1822. 
They lived across the street from the Bogan Store . Later on, Ann and the 
storekeepers son, Paul, married. 

The town attracted mostly Iris - ~ : . j < - u end 

ii iliaxis were jell represented. The attraction was ; - _ - i 

hi ,1 nener ^ rui-j ~ n 1 " >-„^c= _ _l lr ~> i 3, Mcv.t 

every ,e>ed fee s\ e~ee:.r.5i n e :e- . _ - at 

Hagley. James Toy (Daniel 1 s brother: supplied U-drive-It horses for the 
company. Later his son, James beczVlL&I-z a harness business to compliment 

eg " ' siness. Daniel first appeared on the du Pont payroll on May 24, 

1820 as a laborer and on August 24, 1820 he was promoted to powderman. 

For ii~ . e.L _; „_r:e :e/_l ; outside the home that is. Woeen 

supplemented family Income by eallre in lee,:.: - ironing, sewing and so on. 
Rosanna and Daniel Toy ebcRc lr rsrnr^en a boarding house. They had two Irish 
boarders in 1823 0 

The Toys > Lr I ' r > - r _ <>, ... e..e -e \ ~ , > :ed by the church 

and vision, l< " 13 I^r r - - ~~ec~ a" ige 10 was In the second class 
of the B'i ^ < j e ecture' s 5 ^n "cbool. The m --. r , alned 

themselves by watching the local blacksmiths at work, playing , f;I • :mg<, going 
to the Alexis I* du Pont S In - 1 and ice skating on Bee ^3 < . b »i it 

froze in the winters. Dances and parties were held in peoples home. For 
belle ri id I ft ' i - - Tl local textile mills would be fancied up for 
the occasion. 

Of course there wasn' t much time for entertainment, Daniel worked 10 
hours a day, Monday through Friday, and 9 hours on Saturday 0 Rosanna, I'm 
sure with the help of her kids, did the household chores and fed the family 
and the boarders. Sunday, Daniel's one day off, was for church and rest. 

Actually the winter work hours at the Hagley plant were something less 
than 10 hours o Electricity didn't come Into use until the early 1900 9 s and 
candles or any flame was strictly tafabo at the powder plant. The dangers of 
the job were well known and the workers I lew :hat their life depended on 
everyone being careful o J e \: ■ p»ene< igain ... an explosions 

0E? August 25th, _ , ; i < ~ . -^-n i t ~<- ivlll In Hagley — 
killing 7 ^ r ~ ^ ; e r . " - *> r j i ,3 

is still In doubt and 6 ■ 3: -e. - , : . e : e: ; :Ll " : - 


concerning it G Mr Irenee was coming down the walk at the Old 
Grainery (the building between the walls) when it occurred 0 Toy and 
Holland were sitting on the steps between the upperend which had the 
(Queazle) barrels and the flash wallo This upper end was also the 
composition house 0 One theory is that they s seeing Mr D Irenee 
coming 9 went to work roughly and caused the explosion 0 This 1 
doubt o Mr Q Anth 9 Bidemann was coming down from his house (now uncle 
Alexises) to the creek with a bundle of cloths to wash as it was 
Saturday and he expected company to dinner as he got to the Big 
Dogwood tree behind the press room it went off the mill had been 
turned on to Eagle and new Brass balls in the barrels „ The (the 
brass balls) I believe to have been the cause of the explosl©n 0 
Although Old Hugh Bogan who was then coopering a Glazing barrel in 
the millwright shop which then stood on the race bank immediately 
behind her heard a great commotion like ripening and tearing 
breaking timber 9 he jumped under the bench when the explosion 
occurred and the shop was knocked down over hi-, This looks as if 
the gearing had given away 0 But I do not place much reliance on any 
man 9 s memory at such a time ™ and thing the most probable cause was 
the Brass bail ™ Both Toy and Holland were married men." 

B- Bo^ ^7 

°m mm S m mi &>. & mmi t - \ ®m mmmmm w& m % wmM$f4m$M§m 

The explosion heavily damaged the plant and wasn't reopened until 
December o 

Daniel was buried at the Sto Peters Cemetery at age 4S 0 Rosanna lived 89 
years 9 passing away in 1878 0 

Sometime around 1845 Neal married Rebecca Rusk f a Quaker from 
Pennsylvania 9 whose family had apparently moved to Henry Clay Q Their first 
child 9 James Frederick was born on January 5th 9 1850 and Palmer C 0 the seventh 
in 1866. Two of their children, Rebecca and Mary 9 died very young „ 

The 1859/60 Wilmington City Directory listed Neal as living along the 
tt Turnpike and his occupation as quarrymano Some possible relatives of 

Daniel and Neal 9 and color of the times can be found in a local history booko 

Unfortunately the exact source is not known 0 

00 James Toy (Daniel's Brother?) emigrated from Ireland in 1814c, 
come to Henry Clay and supplied U-drive»it horses to the du Pont 
Company . The Hertz of his day His son 9 James Fo Toy s began the 

operation of a harness business to supplement the horse rentals, 
James 2 Senior^ is said to have died in an explosion in 1818 G The 
combination saloon and grocery store operated by Toy 2 Jr 0 is listed 
in the atlas of 1868 „ He ran a quality emporium , having his own 
square bottles blown with the legend in the glassy 9 James F e Toy 
Merchandise 9 0 Such wording enabled him to use the bottles over and 
over again 2 one time for gin 2 the nest for whiskey, then for eider 5 
port or even castor oil 0 He paid the village boys 2 cents reward 


for picl tig y-ju dd c d>:> ad— 9 from be a . _^ > - > 1 a 

trash piles and bringing them baei ' 1 - -:<- iejc- a r-« 

bottles, fit for grocery sale — linament , soda f bluing or extracts 

— brought- a salvage value of only one penny* 

Tin- , dvun was unique* It had two bars® One for the Catholics 
the Protestants and it had seen some rowdy times* One 
of their more colorful customers was Jim Hahn who — f Use to deUaia 
in galloping full speed across the bridge, along Main Street and 
into Toy ? s Tavern 9 . During prohibition known as the Black Cat. 
After Prohibition Charlotte Toy lived in the old 3 story tavern 
building and revived the sale of - 1 111 > »■ j_' v >d 

property was willed to The Little Sisters of the Poor from whom P. 
Coleman du Pont purchased it for his residence Extensive 
,m .(l- 1 • . -< - : : re 9 s rooms and the >^Fa±euidc 1 ae< id , . , / _ - i 

has made a livable home with doors too small for a h 

Through the 12'dCd' 3 the deseaaisnas of Daniel and _.^a-_ 1/1 ihi the 
Baary L-'lay /Wilmington area 0 By the turn of the century a few had Moved to 
-3 Maw York and other east coast cities. Neal, Rebecca and their 
four children ware the aicer:L:^ 0 da i0 7 irhe^ moved west to Iowa . One 
?pecal 'ion as to why they moved is that they weren't well rec Lved in a 
Catholic family where every member was expected to marry another Catholic. 
Their first stop was Waterloo in Black Ha a La-ant y 0 Around Id 7 5 -hey moved to 
Grant To >; near £c:aa dta ^ -:sr /a- c d-d~ aac la lasctai I' . By 1881 

the Scotsman Thomas Sc allar had sefctl=a aaarby. The move west brought a 
career change for Neal ~ he became a farmer. 

Tt .V. f j 1 aa cad r ^ . ~ d ~ r aaac . - T .a::;^ carried Thomas 
da allea *'s 'ft. da daa r . " ^ ' 1 ^ a~ >^ r :=a =i>a 'dd;> 1 - 

their third child, named Anna in honor of her mother. 

Anna Toy Obituary 

Annie ScoKda^ ■* • as Scouller 5 died at her home in 

Grant I j ship, Thursday, Sept the 9th 5 in the 24th year of her 
age. She moved with her parents Neal and Rebecca Toy to this county 
about ten years ago and has 3 by her kind disposition and lovable 
demeanor , made many warm friends 9 who with her husband and family 
mourn her early death,. She was ambitious and had all that was 
b ighl and *tomi - 7 " - ~ 1 «et ' >» f r > { ? shortly 

after her baby was born s she fully realized the end had come 9 wa;; 
ready to meet her Father in Heaven and bade her husband , mother, and 
children peacefully passed away 0 The funeral was held last. 
Saturday, the remains being deposited beside those of her father ii. 
the Storm Lake Cemetery. 


Four years earlier her father Meal died of Bright© Disease of the Kidneys 
on July 30, 1881 at the age of 71 0 Rebecca helped Thomas with her three 
grandchildren but took ill and passed away in 1886 0 

lefeeea lusk Obituary 

Died at the home of her son, James F 0 Toy at Storm lake, Iowa, 
Fridaiy, July 9, 1S86 0 Mrs 0 Rebecca Toy, aged 62 years, 8- months and 
10 dayso 

Rebecca Rusk was born in Chester C© os) Pa 0 0ct o 29, 1823 and was 
married to leal Toy at Wilmington, Delaware Nov 10 , 1844 0 In the 
year 1865 they came to Iowa first locating in Black Hawk Co 0 from 
when in 1875 they came to Buena Yistao Mrs e Toy was the mother of 
seven children, only three of whom she leaves behind 0 She was a 
devoted wife and mother and her life 9 e work was best seen in the 
integrity and worth of her children £ she was a woman of indomitable 
energy, and was rarely heard to complain and had not known a sick 
day for years until the disease, fatal from the first from which she 
died, began its ravages 0 Although a sufferer for more than a year, 
she did not give up until the last three months 0 Last year, after 
the sad death of her daughter, Mrs e Scouller, she felt it her duty 
to care for the motherless children which she did as long as she was 
able. The future held no terrors for her and patiently and 
uncomplaining she bore all pain and without a murmur of regret, she 
peacefully passed away only to be reu J :ed with the majority of her 
own family in the eternal home beyond 0 The funeral ceremony was 
conducted by Rev 0 No EL Houghton, Sunday, July lltho A large circle 
of friends assembling to assist the last rites 0 

Pilot Tribune, July 15, 1886 Storm Lake Iowa 

James, Neal^s eldest, became quite the businessman 0 He was written up in 
the National Cyclopedia of American Biography (vole 28 5 1940$ Page 226) 

°°Toy, James Frederick^ banker, was born in Wilmington, Delo , 
Jan D 5 0 , 1850, son ©f Neal and Rebecca (Rusk) Toy G His father, a 
native of Londonberry, Ireland 2 came to the United States at the age 
of twelve o The son, received his education at public schools in 
Wilmingtono In 1867 he became a desk clerk with the Cutts <& 
Anderson Grocery Co 0 at Waterloo, Iowa, where his family had moved 
In that year 0 During 1870=72 he was a clerk and for a year 
thereafter a traveling salesman with Co & W e Brubacher, a wholesale 
and retail Implement house at Waterloo 0 In 1873 he moved to Storm 
Lake, Iowa, where he engaged In the lumber, coal and agricultural 
implement business as a member of the firm of Green & Toy. In 1874 
he purchased his partner 9 s Interest and for the next three years 
continued the business under his own name Q He then became 
associated with the firm of Dean & Harker In the organization of the 
Storm Lake State Bank, of which he was made cashier.. In 1878 he 


bought the private bank of Sutfin & Hay at Storm Lake , which 
subsequently became known as the Banking House of James P. Toy* In 
order to advertise this bank he published the f Toy Advertiser, 1 In 
1881 he started another bank at Alta, Iowa, and later established 
banks at Sioux Rapids and Fonda. To these he continued to add in 
the ensuing years until by 1926 he was president of a system of 
twenty-four banks with combined resources of $25,000,000. He 
continued as head of this chain until 1933, when new legislation 
necessitated the sale or liquidation of most of the subsidiaries of 
the parent institution, the Toy National Bank ©f Sioux City. Among 
the v^enj in? iitutions controlled by him was the Farmers Loan & Trust 
Co. , which he organized at Storm Lake in 1883 with a capital of 
$30( ,000. In 1889 he transferred it to Sioux City, and it soon 
became one of the strongest and most influential financial 
institutions there. His ability as a banker was evinced by the fact 
that no bank in his large ryot a ;ro-r lolled or in any way 
oiiii l l, c 1 (.siuui£ art from his banking interest lie ima a 

r ,e;ucL — e :^ mir^l >r£dr> <~Gip ::: Sic ~r Joty, -rring 1885-89 

he was mayor of Storm Lake. He was a member of the Aaarieaa and 
Iowa bankers' associations, Sioux City chamber of coiierce 9 Greater 
Siouz Ciry cornr^o^ Ec o Scodi Councils Sionz iity real estate 
board, Sioux City com^ i 1 the Masonic order (32d degree, 

Shrine^' ~nc or? torx: 'JLuy i" ls 9 Boat Dourer Traffic and 
Pioneer clubs 0 In religion he was a Universal! st and in polities an 
independent. Personally , he was a cons-motive but ooen~®inded aan, 
democratic in manner and gifted with the faculty of making friends 
easily o He was married at Waterloo, Iowa, June 17, 1S75 to Mary 
Elizabeth P daughter of Washington Brubacher, a mannxootnrer of that 
eity s r ( i doi -t ^ od-o Srace Helen, wife of John 
f} j. v„i / 1 1 ' - i _ * ; -i . nj 1 ,^ ',^r 1 ^ % He died 

at Hollywood, Calif. Mar. 3, 1937." 

Today there are still Toy banks in the Storm Lake area, Corloion fCiaig) 
and Virginia Van Dyke and their ehildrens families Vivian and Jim Mc Co Hough, 
and Mary and Jack Sloan are the only known Toy descendants in Iowa. There are 
also several Toy's in California who are still in the banking business. 



1 Kis: 


Name m Cornel 1_us_ Toy _________ Certif. No. „Jlz^h?3^^^ 

Date of Death _ J jJj/_30_ s _1881 19 p lace of Death Grant Jwp__ Jjena J/jsta County 

Date of Birth or Age 11 Sex J**)* _ Date Filed November _1 5, 1881 

Cause of Death _Bjj__ts_ Di sejje_qf_ the Jodnej^__Additiona1 Information: Birthp1a# gv§| 

Jr_L a J?___^J__e^ , 1 owl 

on August 1, 1881. ' "~ — - -■— 

I HEREBY CERTIFY that the above information was taken from the Record of Death on file in 
this office in accordance with the law of Iowa requiring filing of vital records. 
Date Jp_yembe_r_2 L ig _ 82 _ 

( SEAL) 1 ,' 

■' ■'■ DIRECTOR 
WARNING: This certificate is not valid if it has been altered in any way whatsoever or if it dnp.t *nt h**r 





Name Ann a Sco u 1J e r Certif. No. __1J_-8_i72 

Date of Death _^J>t_mber_10j_ 1885_ 19 Place of Death _rant_Twp_. A JBuena J/jsta _Cgunty 

Date of Birth or Age ?A Sex £_ll a J e _ Date Filed _ Jo^embe r_]_5_ s _ 1885_ 

Cause of Death _°jj_! _ .^i? 1 _L°£_ 1 Jllf-U^j. __ : __^P____?__ 

I HEREBY CERTIFY that the above information was taken from the Record of Death on file in 
this office in accordance with the law of Iowa requiring filing of vital records. 

Date Jlojyembe_r_ 18, ig 82 


(SEAL) \ 



WARNING: This certificate is not valid if it has been altered in any way whatsoever or if it docs not hear 
the raised seal of the Department of Health. 

R&SNo. 50 

SHD-01 8-3/79 CP-53283 3/80 


1' , _ j L._ck was the wife of Neal Toy and the s >> L n j - , _ : 1 I nby 9 John, 
a nd nans t ^ . , .er o Whe Little 1 b ^ 1 f ^ ^^3 In r er 4. 

There is considerable £ i his oxi and genealogy on the Rusl 1 L k > ?e 1 - 
However Elsie Eschbach and others rlelng on this line have not been able to 
PGLi "i T "el:; tie Ler eocn 00 00s family. This space Is provided in the hope that 
at some later date we 9 11 learn more of her family . 













J 1 i ei son Nordquist? Pehr Nordval; the John a 
Britta Olson Nordwell family :?e£a£ r sfo r 

ci oorg L«n, ilorrby, Wiken, Gal 1, ^r :r. . ;:r. - r^M. 

to our r ' sh ancestors. Jan ?c.:a:a r nounced like Pieirson) is the first 
known Nordwell ™ he - rr "err a: V / 1? i > • - ^nd che grandfather of 

John Peter Here Krell who was born in 1849 and later came to America. Galveborg 
is the Lan the Nordwells lived in — its about twice the size of Yakima 
ounfcfc i'o: fbj irrer $i I rireir are towns the family lived in. All of 
/ pl £ces Ira wlthiii car i2rfra Parish rf che State controlled Lutheran 
Church (see Sweden Map in this chapter) • 

Galveborg has beautiful rolling hills, open j ^^s 3 clustered 
seti;h-vr r,ts 9 lakes, birch and beech trees, and 3 to 4 foot junipers, as 
sh. The summc : p . h 1: :e " la s 5rlrr. : " ory. 

is near tie / ~ . 1 j >* '~ 1 1 . 7 7) and Wh 

ii the Yukon Territory. The area is 350 miles from the Artie Circle. Still 
the climate is mild enough that the farming of cattle, goats and potatoes, and 
logging have always been a major industries. 

Swedish census and parish reeorhr Iror :he ^roTpatioio e,f ^xIlip), whom 
John married in 1874 was a Fru or wife! Johan Person Nordval; known as John 
1 eter Nordwell after he came to America in the 1880' s, was a d 
bondgardc That ir 0 a fan hand and fame 0 Tail v/ rcvroi - .HlHe odd but 
that is the way the system worked for centuries under Swedish feudal Lords „ 
The large tracts of land were handed down through gentry families who 
controlled the lando The rural lands were farmed of course, #s that wis the 
main enterprise of the times 0 But in order to attract farm labor to the 
remote areas common people were allowed to own and farm 5 to 15 acres. The 
small farms were clustered together but not necessarily on the best soil. 
From these evolved the tiny villages or "byalags" where the Nordwells lived. 
In his book History of the Swedish People, Yilhelm Moberg provides a glimpse 
at life in small ruraFl^ In his words? 

"The most positive aspect of the village community was its 
unwritten laws for mutual aid and assistance. Here their fellowship 
was without flaw. 

One reiaarrcLle _Vr:e .: . r - -c I jL'—re -a r 'zhe long-vanished 
work feasts o All the vi^r ?>J 3 „ c s Irr^iLaui casks were carried 






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out jointly 3 and within the 9 byalag ? troubles and joys, toil and 
merrymakings, profit and pleasure were rolled into one Q These work 
feasts can be traeed back to heathen times 0 They were rooted in the 
rational arrangement for carrying out tasks on a basis of mutual 
help 5 but in another respect, too, they served the villagers wello 
Work done jointly was greatly preferable to the thraldom of solitary 
toilo Any man who did heavy and solitary work in field or meadow 
was liable to be assailed by melancholy reflections or fall to 
pondering the sense of his lot in life* 

The villagers 9 work feasts had many names, var; Lng from 
province to province 0 That the Swedish word for ale ( 9 ol 9 ) often 
appears in these names as a suffix witnesses to the crucial position 
of this most important of medieval beverages. There were 
? slatterol 9 (haymaking feast), "taklagsol 00 (the feast when roof was 
completed on a new house), the 00 bykoi 00 (when the laundry had been 
done) and many others 0 To these must be added such family occasions 
as the "barnsol 09 (on the birth and christening of a child) and 
B8 grovol oe (funeral feast) 0 

Certainly, most of the village 9 s teamwork was therefore carried 
out to an accompaniment of food and drink 0 There was no stinginess 
toward participants . Amply regaled, they found relief from the 
plainness of their everyday fare Q 

In the days of the old village communities more time was 
devoted to livestock than to agriculture 0 This was above all true 
of those parts of the country where the farms were smalls Here the 
meadow meant more than the ploughed fields second only was the 
peasant a ploughman., Little of the land attached to each farm was 
arable o But the hayfields, the grazing lands, the watermeads, the 
swamps, mires and bogs which would have to feed the cattle during 
the long winter, that was the vital crop 0 During summer the beasts 
were let out hoof by hoof to graze on the common lands 0 The big 
problem was how to find fodder for them during the six winter 
months o All grass growing on the farm fields would be cut, dried 
and brought into the farm as soon as the sledges could run over the 
snowladen ground 0 

This was why, of all summer work, haymaking was the most 
grueling o The size of a meadow was calculated according to the 
number of haymakers needed to mow it in a day G To scythe a whole 
field was slow work Q The ground was not only littered with stones 
but also thick with bushes and shrubs 0 As a boy 1 went haymaking 
with my father every weekday in July 0 Our small farm measured a 
sixteenth of a hide ( 'mantle 9 ) 0 Our scythes were for ever striking 
against loose stones, and this prevented us from swinging them 
freely o Instead we had to poke about with the point, whose edges 
became notched and jagged from the stones and frequently had to be 
rewhettedo But we had time to spare ===== a whole long month 0 Every 
blade of grass was utilized for hay 0 Once a peasant in our village 
was bitten by a snake when tearing off grass he could not get at 
with his scythe o 

The days around St 01of 9 s Day saw the last blade of grass fall 


Approximate Scales 1 inch « IS ailes 

Of the Swedish places listed on the Hordwell 
family charts, only Arbra and Alfta are shown 
on maps avaialble to me. Onneberga, Norrby, 
Wiken and Gaffren were very small communities 
rand whether they still exist is not known* 
Ml uisr^ ii) - :° the;; th^ t If ta or the Jkrbra 
parish anr V a c -L Pr -l, o Lhit vie laity 0 
Parishes were small as there were over 2000 
up to -010 ^ f ue ~ ) :°oie t : i begen. Today 

there are only about 200 parishes*. 


t© the scythe o By St Qlof 9 ® Mass 9 the 29th of the haymaking month, 
all haymaking had to be finished 9 and in the evening of the last of 
July the hay feast was held 0 It was the time of year when the 
contents of the storehouse were beginning to be exhausted 0 By then 
the mistress of the household would be sweeping up the last flour 
left in the bin and scraping the pork barrel for this great summer 
feast o For then the workpeople would have to be plenteously regaled 
with food and drink 0 Dancing and games in barns or on rock ledges 
were all part of the feast 9 which went on all night longo Finally s 
towards morning and long after sunrise 9 a flock of weary haymakers 
went off home to bed D They had been working hard| but also enjoyed 
themselves o Toil had blended with merry-making 0 

. o • cheese making is never the men 9 s work P but the women 9 s 0 
From divers villages in that province they gather in summer at the 
home of her, whose intent it is to make cheese 0 Mow the milk is 
boiled in great kettles s rennet is added s and the content pressed in 
great wooden forms s mostly four=sided 0 ™ But no man is thought 
worthy to be present at this women's work, and should any beg 
admittance 9 it were in vain 0 

The 9 byalag 9 P as a social assistance organization^ was always 
at work. Its care for individuals began at birth and ended only 
with deatho 

The closed conformist peasant society^ however 2 had one serious 
drawback for young marriageables § the narrow choice of partner 0 
Contacts with people outside its little closely-confined world were 
rare c People living in other parishes were 9 foreigners \ and 
regarded with suspicion For this reason extra-parochial marriages 
were rare c The elective scope of persons hankering after marriage 
was limited perhaps a radius of half a dozen miles 0 Further , 
marriage was usually determined by the size of homestead 0 The 
parties ought to be approximately each other's equal in respect to 
property o 00 

The byalags have been traced back more than a thousand years and existed 
in many areas into the 19GQ 9 s 0 These villages were small 5 sometimes fewer 
than 20^ families e 1 haven 9 1 been able to find all the villages where the 
Nordwells reportedly lived on any maps 0 Perhaps they are extinct 0 Moberg on 
page 264c, related his 1970 trip to the countryside and remorsed at an apparent 
end. of an eras 

00 o o o everywhere the villagers 9 dwellings seemed empty and 
deserted o Out of doors not a soul was to be seen Q No one was 
scything the meadow 0 The fields with their deciduous trees , once 
kept alive by cow-muzzle and scythe , had all disappeared . Nor was 
anyone at work in the plough fields , where clumps of spruces were 
spreading out 0 00 

The small farms offered at best a humble existenceo Most of the farmers , 
like John apparently did 5 also hired out as a farmhand 0 Typically each hired 
hand was assigned a specific section of the fam Q This was done for a small 



wage goaetittftft o» a sh&ra-crop basis, and some times far the right to pasture 
their cows or goats In the summer so they could hay their fxeld^at horned The 
Notdvells, from the 1820 a ad probably before, ware" In this fanner byalag life 
until John came to America* John married Briita 01s«on and they had"" three 
children} Peter, Ol&f and Carrie, Britfca died June 18, 1884, five days after 
Carrie was bora* 

John F&ter lor&ml* Sweden* 
1880* a? 

Ititta Ols son lor aval. Sweden 


The Mmmm Cimaged 

The Mordwells of today are a part of the Nordquist family la the late 
1700° So Between these two names have been two other name changes 0 Swedish 
names sort of evolved in the early days 0 Originally the population was small 
enough that people had only one Mie 0 Then as the population expanded 
figuring out who°s who wasn 9 t easy so people took a second name when they got 
older o Usually the name described something about the person ™ long beard 
etCo That was pretty informal and eventually got confusing too 9 so the 
government decided to go the sons and daughter (dotter) route e That is the 
last name of the son of Jan was to be Jansson^ the son of Per 9 Person^ the 
daughter of OlSc, 01sdotter o This system meant that each generation had a 
different last name than the generation before 0 Still it workedo But in the 
late 1700 9 s with the population about three million and growing fast there 
were just too many Olsons s Johansons^ and the like 0 Take a close look at the 
Nordwell family charts and you 9 11 see what was happening 0 So in the lo00 9 s 
families were encouraged to keep the name they had or adopt a name from the 
environment that would become the family name<> The Per Jansson born in 1801 
took the name Nordquist 0 He and his wife Cerstine Ersdotter had at least five 
children (see Chart) 0 Jonas kept the Nordquist name g while Olaf became a 
<To V ng and Per switched to Nordvalo Nordquist translates to north limb or 
branch of a tree 9 while Nordva meana noi fa pasture 0 Could it be that Per g 
the farmhand worked the north pasture? 

The next n i to appear was Nordwall which was apparently the 
Americanization of Mordvalo Nordwall can be found on property deeds , birth 
certificates c, and other official documents up until 1915 or so e Hazel was 
born a lordwall in 1905 and an Olaf "Nordwall 00 married Olive White in 1910 „ 
During the nest 10 years Nordwell evolvedo Olaf had said that no formal 
change was made 5 the family just liked the new version and started using it. 






Pete, Olaf , Carrie & Martha f Carl^ Oscar 
(See family chart in Chapter 6) 

uYerrc:L^ r^c _ £ .. ~. .. : - aa.: fi-d e;sir • 3 011 

the farm was still done by hand and back. In addition all the til. ,.le land 

* s already in use : sc 5~<ed^ : . . : . ' : ... ... ... :: ' = 5~paaded as rapidly 

as the population. Sweden had crop failures. lot nearly as severe as 
Ireland 1 s but bad enough to cause 

With the advent of steamships in the .. :. >L ? " ... ' - : : :ernational trade 
blossomed* Wheat and other grains, much of It grown by fe.,d"-yestern Swedes in 
riea 9 flooded Euioc ;j ;, 3 : - I .. : £ ~ ' / .. ~ ~~ , r cl":" rw-i i^b zarii t c: - r 
drastically sven when Sweden had a crop fel'xre For the ferdwells the low 

Anothe: spect of rural life was that the size of "d \ktm\\~ Mpt 

getting smaller, reduced through government reforms and subdivision.?-; -la 
inheritance, gifts and outright sale. For many families the prospect of their 
sons owning a parer-J J -~ - -r.r' '-to sustain a family was gone. 

Thousands of Swedish families opted for the promise of America. By the 
- ' 1 t vhen the Nor dwells left Sweden the Industrial revolution was just 
Innin 1 1 < j >1 1 "7: 1 s r " 1 " "> ! ^ c ri rstroad 

connru -L"i, ~iu „ , i ' - f-r f neai^ rising; a 

way of life; that Is, making a living from the soil and being your own boss. 
More ^)ii-ortai\ily ? these 1 p tructure, were a step 

down from that of farming. Not a step easily taken by proud people. There 
were other factors which also contributed to emigration during the 1380 9 s. 
Some wanted religious freedom; Sweden, then, as now, had a State Church. For 
others, required military service was a factor. Historians, however , appear 
to be In full agreement that economic conditions , overpopulation, and the lack 
of farmable land &?ere J *l L>. - ' .r icrM^p dji Ihose who left 

during the 1880 f s. As a note of Interest, the S redi fc government and the 
clergy officially opposed emigration. During the 1880 1 s, Sweden was on the 
brink of Industrialisation and emigration meant the loss of labor needed for 
industrial s-r: r :^cbo As a result, in the 1890's and 1900 9 s 5 Sweden drew 
people in fro® oth?i . c .... r\ ,es to replace those that left. 

The 1880 9 s was the height of "American Fewer 00 in Sweden with 40,000 to 
50,000 leaving every year 0 Over all, 1 0 2 million Swedes left between 1850 and 
1930 o The lure must have been great for so many to leave their home district, 
let alone their count ry c By the 1880* s the emigration business was in full 
swing o Europe was flooded with information of America s the promise lando 
States, railroads, steamship companies and others promoted America e In 
Sweden, the press ran a "Letter from America 00 column which was very popular 
For the Nordwells, and others with relatives already in America, personal 
letters from the States were even more of a pullo John's brother Pehr (Peter 
'"..rdwall) who was born • in 1860 apparently came first and had lived in Kansas 
City, ICansas at least 48 years at the time of hie death on May 26, 1935 0 

John and Britta Mordvai farmed near Galfren and had three children Per, 
Olaf and Karin^ or as they were known in Americas Peter, Olaf and Carrie Q 
Not long after Britta died in June 1884 the family came to America e Peter, on 
his 1910 application for UoS 0 Citizenship said he came to America in 1887 0 
B nnie Barton, Oscar Nordwell 9 s daughter who lived on the Nordwell's lewaukum 
¥alley farm indicates her grandmother Martha said that John came by himself 
while the three kids stay with Martha's parents, who were friends and 
neighbors o Bonnie also got the impression that Martha came to the U e S 0 with 
the kids when John sent for them 0 If they came separately, my guess is that 
John came over sometime after Britta 9 s death in 1884 and sent for" the kids who 
departed in May of 188? 0 Such an arrangement was apparently typical 0 Lars 
Ljungmark in his book Swedish Bzodus (1979, Pg 0 86) put it in these words? 

B0 Deeiding where to settle was an important step for Swedish 
farm families, and many of them sent one or two relatives ahead to 
scout out possibilities and make arrangements for the rest to 
follow. In most cases the responsibility fell to the husband or 
oldest son who went to work for the railroad or lumber companies to 
earn ticket money for the immediate family 0 W 

Wages in America were about twice what they were in Sweden 0 On page 95 
Lar Ljun ;m ,rk 0 addeds 

M Infact s families became something of an undesirable burden 
during an emigrants first years in America 0 00 

When the Nordwells emigrated , most of those leaving did so as individuals 
or as families o Prior to 1870, most Swedish emigration was by groups who 
established Swedish-American settlements principally in Minnesota and 
Wisconsin 0 

Martha's parents, the Chris Johansons, were poor like the Nordwells and 
coming up with money to send Martha was probably difficult • Martha came to 
America with hopes of getting jobs 0 Before she left home her mother made her 
a doll out of an old soek 9 she also gave her a small copper cream pot to keep 
her money in 0 


By 1880, stecik- ihi s we ? plying the Atlantic having 3 B] ] ced the 
; Lm-li n Lj : ^ , iition became intensive with at least ten ccm ^r<> ; / A: .Mailing 
Europeans to America (this competition brought price 7< (Ii ^jtie^ll;? aidcl 
made the trip affordable to nearly everyone) . The trip took from ten to 

: > - days and the routes were well established. Martha Nordwell and 
kids caught a boat from Gavle, which is about 50 miles from Alfta, for a 
i h ik 1 9} « Huli 9 ^ rarL c lLI^ ^ec, the? had t< mm , u 
food, Once in England, it was a train trip south to Liverpool, which was the 
central port of departure for northern Europeans. On May 17, 1887, the 
Nordwells boarded a ship for their new home. The cramped ships were shared 
with other nationalities, but not always graciously. There were language 
problems, discrimination, and outright bad blood among many nationalities® 
Feelings ^ -t so strong, in fact, that by 1885, the ship operators no longer 
put the Swedes and the Irish in the same area of the ship. 

Martha remembered the trip well. For the obvious reasons and also 
i' l ' • 5e of a painfully ulcerated tooth. A few days out to sea the tooth w<t 
a; — with no painkiller. 

New York, Boston and Quebec were the three main ports of entry for 
European immigrants to the U.S. The Nordwells, after a stop in Quebec 9 
entered the U.S. at Buffalo, New York on May 30, 1887 five weeks before the 
celebration i:^ ^lll^l 7_^ _ :1 7 r 'e^iisl Cc ! ; and La bo 2 

Day didn't come about until after World War I. Few communities had their own 

festivals yet. Ever - >;\ ,t . \ oar-c all out for the Fourth of July with 

large picnics, long wIlxI^- rl , - \. and fireworks. Olaf got caught 

up in his first Fourth in the U.S. He had mentioned to his son, Melburn s >f 
^ ezciravent and his first flra:<~v;ks 

Once on American soil they are thought to have settled in Swedish 
c iwssm Lt 8S in the tipper midwest. They most likely went by train. By t - 
1870 ? s e \s? e ._-.*!/ = , - -Ins were moving people wests 77e.y were special 

in that they catered to emigrants and had interpreters on board. Train tra si 
was fast for its times but took up to four days to get from New York to 
Chicago . Each day there were three stops for meals plus the regular stops. 
Once off the train it was by horse, wagon, or stagecoach to their new home. 

in the late 1880' s and into the 1900' s over sixty percent of the Swedish 

reason was the demand for maids in American households. During this era even 
■ ddlc cl oh famili ; »j ... 1 Ma ha 5 <rtio ,7a « 21(?) 9 

when she arrived went to work for a Wisconsin family with three teenage 
daughters. Their home was very modern and lit with the latest gas and 
kerosene lamps. Martha had mentioned to her granddaughter, Bonnie Nordwell 
Barton, of her house work anu ° L n- o&ticicoats late at night with a sad 
iron. Typically maids like M<? :: ~irr ~ <a p& part of the family but had 

to be the first up in the morning to rekindle the fire, get breakfast and so 
on. In short, they did most, if not all the house work. For many it also 
meant a chance :o save : ney and learn the language. Martha saved a few 
dollars but learned little, if any, Znglish. Her explcjer may have also been 

Swedisho She didn't learned her broken English until her sons, Carl and 
Oscar 5 were going to school e 

Just where in the upper midwest John and his three children settled is 
unclear • Winnie Stevens, Olaf 9 s daughter, recalls hearing about North Dakota 
and a sod house 0 Olaf has also mentioned that they stayed pretty much in 
5 -'edish American communities in their first few years here Q So much so, that 
the kids learned most of their english from local sheepherders 0 

Within a few years the family headed south 0 Winnie had heard about 
Kansaso John's brother, Peter (Pehr on the family chart) came to America 
before John, and settled near Kansas City 0 It is thought that Carrie , then 
somewhere between seven and ten years old, stayed in Kansas with her uncle 
when John and the two boys moved to what is now Oklahoma City 0 Again they 
moved o This time to a farm near Tulsa 0 Apparently they moved to Oklahoma in 
the winter o Olaf had talked about that first winter and how they shared a 
long house with an Indian family 0 The Nordwells at one end, their host at the 
other, with blankets hung betxfeen 0 

At this time 8 Oklahoma was one of the few places west of the Rockies not 
yet settled o The area was receiving glowing reports for its mild winters, 
fertile soil, and great opportunity 0 It drew homesteaders from the harsh 
climates up north, as well as from Europe 0 Oklahoma, a part of the Louisiana 
H rchase of 1804 did not become a state until 1907, a full 18 years after 
Washington became a state • 

In the 182Q 9 s the five major Indian tribes of the Eastern United States 
were being marched to Oklahoma, their new homeland 0 After the Civil War, 
cattleman and a few homesteaders moved into the area 0 To the cattlemen, 
Oklahoma was a dream 0 There were mild winters and with the b J ilo all but 
gone 9 year around pasturing was possible without any haying or tilling of the 
soilo For land, the cattlemen had ranches , but relied heavily on the millions 
of acres of unused Indian lands . The Indians lived along the streams and 
needed very little land for their gardens and small herds of cattle 0 So 3 for 
free or a small fee, the cattle could graze on lush buffalo grass 0 

By 1885, a campaign to open the unused Indian lands to homesteaders was 
in full swing and pressure on Congress mounted steadily each year Q The 
Boomers, as the homesteaders were called, won the battle with the cattlemen 
and Congress authorized the first of several famous Oklahoma land rushed for 
April 22, 1889c 

Peter lordwell had mentioned to Warren Kingery that he watched a land 
rush when he was 19 0 This would place him at the 200,000 acre KIckapoo land 
rush of May 23, 1895 e It was the fifth and last actual "land rush/ 0 Six 
later land openings were done by lottery or by allotment . The land rushes 
were getting out of hand 0 There were three times as many rushers as there 
were homesteads available 0 Peter wanted to go on the rush that day, but his 
dad thought better of it 0 To rush, you had to be age 21, pay a tlO fee and 
show intent of becoming a UoS 0 citizen, So, he spent the day on the sidelines 


' 1 Lng Erom his saddle horse and longing to join in. He had also sw a a i^nb 
to Warren that he was glad he had not gone to the rush. Whether he was 
looking "back on his life in general or referring to the devBsrbabaiLoia he would 
have faced during the droughts and "dust bowls" of the 1930 f s, is not known. 

The Okla la sod busters were mainly self-sufficient farms with a work 
horse or two, some beef , a milk cow, chickens, a garden, and always a dream of 
Miorpierio/o Maai of the early Batbler.c Laeed in thca M m? If 

they had one until they could build a house. Since trees were few and far 
between, it took money and lumber to build a conventional house. To many a 
sod house was a luxury e The importance of the livestock to the I - ily often 
meant that a wood barn took priority over a "fancy" house. It n, Ly took 

up to $l f 000 to buy cattle, a few implements 9 lumber and other items to 
establish an "operational" homestead. In other words 9 it took a lot of money 
aonsidei in ~ _j a dollar a day. Obviously, most did with less. 

Everyday life in Oklat ma meant hard work and not much en* i aara : 'Bete 
and Olaf c_ '-li^; . = l _ ^> -r-i-r..- r.-'i« ^a>d iaJy 
and riding the range for extra Many Oklahoma 1 r . iL 

would-be homesteaders , cowpunched for the money and waited for the opip . a _ ity 
to be on their own land. 

One of Pete's most unforgettable days was when he and a friend were out 
on the range. The; be- 1 run-in with a deeaeeato. The guy conic not have 
been very nice, as he carried a $500 reward and was wanted dead or alive 0 A 
posse was out after him at the time. The degperaao came over a hill where 

they were. Shots were eai- we. - a; ■• _ a. - a - - be; sr- bebe Enid that 

aha;/ could have shot the guy but just coaa.f/ft do it. So, he got away la 5: 
they had slowed him down and he was caught by the posse, 

Olaf had described more serene aspects of Okb^bwaf ^f 1 . \ fM , r 

«b'j, ib (daello Olaf always loved to hunt and fish. His - a < 

camp tnion was Captain Rogers, an uncle of humorist/philosopher Will Rogers. 

Just when and where John and Martha got married is not clear, I wasn f t 
able to locate the license . Bonnie believes that while in Okl ^ ? John 
hired Martha to help with the house work and that they were married in the 
1390 9 So Their first child, Carl, was born in Tulsa on May 15, 1898. 

Actually Car] ma] - i 1 bj th ce tifi at€ 

of their second child , Oscar, indicates he was their fourth child 9 net their 

second 0 A.: ~ w Wal ; a; . , , , Lll ^ f 6 tl ,,/ui { /lanbd 
had never mentioned them to Bonnie. 

Around 1900 the family moved to an alfalfa farm 30 miles east of Pueblo, 
Colorado near Olney Springs . Oscar was born there on May 10, 1902 . Martha 
said the house was run down and loaded with bed bugs when they moved in. This 
was the first time she had ever seen bed bugs 9 and they were trying to take 
over the house 0 She ended that nonsense by eeawaa f c ; : \\l w^Lci around che 
mop boards and windows o h- - 1 < ] 1 a - 1 ;rw^e -rb-- PDC \ G } 1€ 



^Mm IPo Mordwell is believed to have farmed in this area around 1900^ but 
in© speoifio property has been identified 0 The birthplace ©f Osear Mor dwell 
in 1902o 


saw one about to strike young Oscar, She shortened the snakes life by killing 
it < a hoe. 

It is unclear if Peter, then 25 or so, was with the family in Colorado. 
— - i gaaaCda.i Hugh Mason of a section of land, 640 acres, he haw 

in ' x;: fJ ^ s time. He spoke of farming and operating a ^ 

stage line erhile there. The coming of the railrcc bioaaLL f a c^A "to his 

J ' ^tatiuii business. He departed for Washington State. He left Mo pla 
and power of attorney to sell the property in Wyoming. Eventually, he got 
$150 for it. That land later became the home of the Cheyenne I s < ad Station 
f a railroad Yard. Hugh recalls his grandfather telling him bout i , 
visit to Cheyenne in the 1930 f s« Pete told a Cheyenne realtor that he was a 
1 • 1 c:- aoaala^ jo <;ae ( ivi r i ( „ llt m f, 1l(M i 

about. After three days he had seen everything he wanted and left. His 
comment to Hugh upon his return and apparently reminiscing about what could 
have been, was that "1 got something out of the damned place," (Two inquires 
I sent out to search the specific location and dates of this p .p. rf* ^ L " e not 


-feaa aanaa^ i :ai-Li , zaiLa.a 

gone unanswered. 

I a a ,aaie¥d>sg 

83 1 

from the eastern edge of the Rockies the lordwells moved to Goldendale^ 
Washington. According to Ma citizenship papers Peter arrived on July 7 9 
1901 o The rest of the family is thought to have came out in 1903 o Jest where 
Fete lived is not clear but he is thought to have farmed and ran a freight 
business o He had spoke of the business and told stories of hauling freight 
from Goldendale into Oregon across the ice 0 fes 9 across the ice J Before the 
Columbia was dammed p the winter would freeze the river for up to two months s 
sometimes enough to take a team of horses and a loaded wagon across 0 At other 
times 9 just enough for a bob sled 0 

John and hie family settled north of town near the Scouller fariio On 
March 11, 1903 John paid §800 cash to Agnes Scouller for 80 acres she had 
across the road from her brother 


Hotes Bach Section Square « 1 mile 

. (f) Wo Mordwell's 80 acre farm purchased from Agness Scouller in 1903 for 

$i@© 0 . . . west ©f p'iidl?:^ IMo at the Jobation 

©£ pipeline and Orchard Heights r©ads c 

(2) J©ka Nordwell's 119 acre purchase ©£ Public Lands in 1909 0 
o o o is directly east of yf) 0 

John 3Po moK^cjmll d m 160 aare lone stead granted in 1912, after the family 
• aoved t© western Washington?? Property seems t© overlap with {(f) c 

o o o immediately ^©oth of (f) ywest of Pipeline Road G 

For the l©c a ion of all our relatives in the area and driving directions see 
< Ides d« ie map in C \ er 11 0 



Agnes Seouller To John P.Norriwell. 
Warranty Deed. 

This Indenture made the Eleventh day of March A.D.I903, by and between A ; nes Seouller 
(single). Gold iale, of Klickitat County, Washington, party of the first part, and John P. 
Nordwoll, Goldendale of the same County and State, party of the second part, 

Witnesseth: That the said party of the first part, for and in consideration of the sum 
of F/Uht hundred (feOO.OOj Dollars, to me in hand paid, by the said party of the second part 
the receipt Wiereof is hereby acknowledged, does by these presents j,rant, bargain, sell, 
convey and confirm unto the said party of the second part, and to his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, the following described premises, situate, lying and being in the county of Klickitat 
and State of Washington, to-wit; 

The East half (eA\) of the North West quarter (miir.) of Section Pour (4) Township Pour (4) 
North, Range Sixtee .. ~ ^ ,! • :*g Eighty (tfQ) acres. 

To* ether with all and singular the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto 
belonging 01 in inn * se t 

To Have and to Hold, the same unto the said John P. Nor dwell, and to his heirs and ass- 
igns forever; and she ddtes hereby covenant with the said grantee his heirs and asr.ipns, that 
at the date hereof she u±±± is well seized in fee simple of the premises aoove conveyed, and 
she will and her heirs, executors and administrators shall warrant and defend the title ther 
-eto against the lawful claims or demands of any person or persons whomsoever. 

Tn Wi t.nflRR J havo horoun+n «o+ + nth .Hw of Marrh A.D.TQOgo 

Signed, so ale > 00 r ~- — ~ - ,d Jn the presence of: j Agn©£ Seouller. (Seal) 
W.B.Presby. ) 
E.H.Hartwig. Witnesses. ) 

State of Washington, j 

tify that on this 11th .day of March 1903? personally appeared before me- Agnes Seouller, an 
unmarried lady to me known to be the individual described in and who executed the within 
instrument and acknowledged that she executed the seme as her free and voluntary act and 
deed, for the uses and purposes therein mentioned. 

Given under my hand and official seal this 11th. day of March A. D. 190.3- 


County of Klickitat, j 

I, W.B.Presby, a Notary Public in and for the State of Washington do hereby cer~ 

(LoSo ( 

Notary Public for Washington, residing at 
Goldendale, Washington. 

Piled for record, March 13th . 1903 at :0Q } A.}4 


C ountv Auditor. 

390 v 

The United States of America. 

Certificate No...———- 

V anc ouve-r .0266. 

' WHEREAS, e3ohn...P.. a Nordwall 

haS deposited in the General Land Office of the United States a 

Certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Vancouver,. Washington 

whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said 

. John . P.. . .Wor.dvall ... 

according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled, "An Act making further provisions for the Sale 
of the Public Lands," and the acts supplemental thereto, for the 

.t>outli...half....o.f....t.he....T.Tortheast ..quarter.. and-t, he fractional Northwest j tM...Wprthea ..four .Township .four sixteen. East, of the.. Willamette Meridian, ^ashir^tcn, 
containing One .. i)!undred ...Nineteen and... r?ev.enty-s.ix»hundredthn. per en 

; , 1 

according to the Official Plat of the Survey of the said Land, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said 

j tract ha s been purchased by the said J ohn ...P ... . .Hordw.a.Xl 

: NOW, KNOW YE, That the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several 

Acts of Congress in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents do give and grant, unto the said 

«J ohn P. Hordv/all 

and to M.S.;. heirs, the said tract above described: 

TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever 

nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said JoM...P«..J:!P^rdy;all 

. . and to his heirs and assigns, forever, subject to any vested and 

accrued water rights for mining, agricultural, manufacturing or other purposes, and rights to ditches and reservoirs used in connection 
with such water rights as may be recognized and acknowledged by the local customs, laws and decisions of courts, and also subject 
to the right of the proprietor of a vein or lode, to extract and remove his ore therefrom, should the same be found to penetrate or 
-intersect the premises hereby granted, as provided by law, and there is reserved from the lands hereby granted a right of way thereon 
for^ditches or canals constructed by the authority of the United States. 

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I • Willia3ll....IL....?aft , President of the United States of 

America, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and the sea! of the General Land Office to be 
hereunto affixed. 

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the twenty. -second day of 

Mare* , in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and 

, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred 

and thirty-third. 

Patent Number 52910. 

Jtec&sd&d-Wa shingtoa Moh : Page ... 

By the President . Y!m« K. . 7a ft- . 
By Voung. 


ii.vr. Sanford. 

Recorder of the General Land Office. 

Filed for Record at the request of. «!..•*'.• ^ 0 .^all 

. July...23.r.d. R .. a Am D% m Q3., 




at IMZ. o'clock Z.tM., 

County Auditor. 


Vancouver 0265 W f Eli aU ta oripm *« V « a «,t 0 .Hall ««. (6mU» 8 : 

Homestead Certificate Ho. 

Application ' ln the QENERAL LAND OFFICE 

WHEREAS, There has been deposited 
t a Certificate of the Register of the Land Office 
of the United States a Cer.ifxc „ hereby it appears that, pursuant to 

Vancouver, Washington , To secure Homesteads to Actual Settlers 

on the Public Domain, ■ and the acts 

John P. Nordwall oonf0 rmity to law, for the 

has heen established and duly consummated, 

, rth h£ ar of the Sourest *u*rtor, the Sourest — ° f , 

f tional Honest ^rter of the Northweat garter of Section 
garter and the pactional . We Heridlan , 

P0UP in Township four North of Range Sixteen East of the i 

hundred sixty end t*ontyfour hundredths «». 
- ..... o«, o ioining one hundred sixty 

. , Tntlr1 returned to the GENERAL 
wording to the Official Fiat of the Survey of the s ax d Land, 

LMTO OFFICE by the Surveyor -eral: ^ UNITED STATES unto the said 

NOW KNOW YE , That there is, therefore, a 
John P. Nordwall HOLD the said tract of Land, with 

the tract of Land above described, TO HAVE 

„.,„ .-hereof, unto the said j ohn p. Nordwsll 
the appurtenances thereof, ves ted and accrued water 

and to hi 8 aSSlg " S ""I"^ or other purposes, and rights to 

rights for mining, agri cultural . ^-^"VS' 8 ° U0 h water fights as may^be 
' • ' ' " ; „:-ed by tie local customs ,^ laws and <Se^io ^ 

^^r 1 ^'^^ ^constructed by the 

Srit^^t'eUn^frstJtes 7 

President of the 
t N TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I, William H, Taft ' _ 

United States or f f ica r ^ 
Patent , and the seal 01 

affixed. , fV ._ 

, , At the city of Washington, che 
GIVEN under my hand, <*o the .1 > 

^ in the year 

eighth *ay of August 

of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and ten 

of the Uni ted States the one hundred 
and of the Independence of the 

and thirty fifth 

By the President: Wnw .HS.TaftJt 

, Secretary. 

M. -P. -LoRoy 

• H. W. Sanford 

Recorder of the General Land Office. 


Recorded p u <; r r 14 

, Page 

Filed for Record this 30th d ^ of August 

. „ o'clock,- AM. 

past o 


, 1912 • at 


County Auditors- 
Deputy . 

On |»re;hi Oscar , Carl, John, ; 

While there * Jota*s older kids went their mm way. Fete married 'Eu'by 
Seemlier* their atory eontiniiea in Chapter 12 » Olaf married Oil to White, the 
daughter of a retired Portland barber living west of town. Their story 
continues in Chapter 1.1. Car if was iti ICmsas City, K^rn^s where her Uncle 
Peter Nor dwell was living, Her story continues in Chapter 10* 

Early in 1910 John and his family pulled up their stakes for a final time 
when they moved to western Washington* For $4,000 cash, John bought a 160 
acre farm in the Newaukum- Valley south of Chehalis (see Newaukum Valley Map), 
They settled into the very roomy 2 story, 6 bedroom house* Apparently Pete> 
Ruby and their 3 young ones., Hassel, John and William moved to the farm, at the 
same time or soon after* In April* 2 year old John died of diphtheria at the 
farm, Later that year fete and Ruby moved onto Montesano, 

Eight years before John bought the property the notorious Harry Tracy 
shot and killed his double, crossing and fellow fugitive David. Merrill, Tracy, 
once a member of Butch Caaaidy's gang., went on to become a famous hank robber 


:i:^:m valley. wat.:^^ 

(Near Chehalis, Washingpo# 

Motes Each Section _\ - 

Pod. 611 

r,, , ,n ".«-/ - r- rrill B s body was found in July 1902, afu-r I^uug 

iot by fellow fugitive and > -h; Harry Tracy. Found in front of what is 
now Ait Mueller's home at 400 Newaukum Valley Rd. 

pij-M „ ,.i l^i,;, - > : - . riih-jL 1910 into the 

1930' s. Upon John g s death f the property was divided between their sons, 
Carl and Oscar. 

Site of Coentrj Poor Fans ! <j the depression. 

Two-room school where Carl, Oscar and , later, Bonnie attended. 

. ... • , . ^ibz A loop trip. Take 1-5 Exit 72 four miles south of Chehalis. 
Go west onto Rush Rd as if going to Napavine. Go h mile and turn right 
onto the Newaukum ¥alley Rd. 1.3 miles down the road the Nord - 11 property 
starts . . . about 100 feet before mail box #343. The property ends about 
liu'l feet before the power lines. Carl farmed the south half and lived in 
- -hi L " ' _ at what is now Box 343 west of the Road. Oscar built and 
lilted in the house on the river bank it what is no* Ei. ' 
Y-e road, stay right and go across the bridge s Turn left onto the k? : Bic 
The two-vcoT _ 1 sits on the right at the first 90o corner. This road 
winds for 2 miles and returns to 1-5 at Exit #76 and Chehalis. 


in his owe : : yi: u< The 1983 movie "Harry Tracy, Desperate' 9 depicts Tracy and 
Merrill 9 a exploits bust gave the impression they met their end in Canada 0 
Wrong. Merrill was shot ©a the property just south ©f whart later became the 
N - -all's Newaukum farm (see Map). The body was found on July 14th 9 tfaoi 
he was shot around June 28th 9 1902 and Harry 1 s fate occurred on August 6, 19C 
near Davenport, Washington. 

Harry Tracy was still a topic of conversation, shu a the Mordweiis 
arrived o The road to the farm was uplands, near the rai o^c -carina 0 Later 
John and the other farmers donated right ©f way tQ th z u j*j ©< Ihej could 
build a road that followed the river . 0 o the be . Pn. -/ n_ toed 0 It was a 
dirt duet bowl for years , then graveled and finally paved*, 

Ham ae. y_ am i^»x a ekay jj (j , _ j_, m in 191CL 

j <w a two room school about a mile from home and across the river 0 
Both wea- Lhrcuyk eke aigrc g^a^e uhe e and la 1 e a >ou ^ > . La 

aehoolo Bonnie went to the first grade there also 0 The sennv n.ak 
and is used for church gatherings and c 

John s Martha and the two boys cleared the farm ana cap aaied its til c lie 
.lly 0 John Lad cur ir an orchard nezl _cuccs Carl € 

Oscar stay near the ram for years and didn°t go ih^ir can ray? uncil the la 
1920' s Q Carl's story continues in Chapter 9 and Oscar 9 g an Case Car 8, 

Neither John nor Martha took out CoS c citizenship 0 kartka spoke engiish 
but John stuck with Swedish o Ee learned a feu sociable cords like hell© a 

a 1 '* yoc at that was about it 0 Ikip created aal i cmag f^r their 
nor- r '-nsh fi lends anc xelati^eao aaty t9 Jorn r c 'cy^a dn-law ar , vr-uirly 
was seldom ^ _< i ll a Ic tue aa-klaw 0 a a a k a ii^ape: n icing left oaL 
of half the eve; creations. 

John Peter lived to be 79, passing away on Nr. >< • . . . , nla his 
ll the faii e ^ «n ! y I - 1 - ... Carl built a house on his 

share i a 1 ^ rn ( > C ai y h " j-h - .a 1 " . h original 

house o In the 1930 s Oscar built Martha a small house next to the farm house 
and the rest of Oscar's share was sold to Frank Mueller. 

Martha worked hard on the farm and at raising the :nn>C For several 

years, while in her 60's f she raised Bonnie, Oscar 1 s daughter. Bonnie recalls 

that she cyoic < i ush well Cur c i k i _ _i L < ,? kwiiak- 

always knew when she was in to ble She 1 < n y»cC f ap 

iioubn ib} in yaae Swedish o Martha was active and for year _ ^ to the 
local garden club. She loved flowers and gardening 0 

Martha lived on her little place cecal 1 J 1 L uc cable to 

cake care of herself 0 She fell several times anc - > a point where she 
cou] i at up by herself 0 The decision ~ n _ a" a to ir^e her to a hoae 0 
Swede sure flew that day? Ruby lordwell wrote it r >k: << .i ; 4 ) F 19" 0 about 
the move and put at in these words? 00 0 0 0 (Marcna) w£a stay by herself so 
they sold the house and moved her to an old Icaae - * . Jo say they take 


pretty good care of her but she don't like it* Her address is 1104 South Gold 
Street Genitalia, Mash'/* 

As things go Martha was there for about a year when Jo, Carl 1 is wife^ went 
to work at the home aa an aide* Martha &ow had an old friend to keep her 
:oi i ' sssd Octok 12 at a| 

John and Martha lay at rest several plots from each other in Cent , 
Mt, Vim Cemetery* Bonnie and myself k?a directions to the plots for tl 
rho are interested, Bonnie (Mord'^il) Barton and her daughter Sherry tec . 
replaced jQlmJ ® flat eonereii headstone. The elements had worn the 
Inscription ao it was barely legible* 

Kewir: > - 1 ^tt# mm€m€ll at lewakuin: farm 






Oscar & Elizabeth Weller Nor dwell, Bonnie 
Nordwei: - -oldie Baxter Nordwell 

Oscav - _ ^ 0, 1902 in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in 

^ — :eri ^ c _:::_ _ J_- ^ - : 

cUe«^, - . gton where Oscar started school in 1908, The .^:,=..L1 < .u 

school was a couple of large fields from home. One afters: ni Oscar didn't g 

home as usual. When supper was on the table and he still wasn't home his 

1 ~ : : : ' . ^ n< found in the far 1 1^.1 

fifteen f^sc :ff y_ _ „ ^ ^ L _ :1£]e d 

When Oscar ;ja--2 . - - _ - - Uvm in Fiewaukum Valley 

near Chehalis (see Newaukum Map in Chapter 7). There he went through cbe 

eight grade at the r.xv \ " . ^ V ' : /, , \ 
and >3 ' i ° j \ % ,.-*;-);,'-.-" 

In 1926 Oscar married Elizabeth Joy Weller , a widow with a small girl. 
Her first husband, Mr. Laxdall, had died of tuberculosis, Oscar and Joy, as 
she was known, were living in Blaine, Washington when the 5 u child, 
- nnie, was bom on August 17, 1927 e Within a few months Oscar's dad 1 i . 
ill and Oscar decided to move back to help on the farm. 

Joy's mother was taking care of Bonnie and Oscar's two year old 
step-daughter while they were moving. After supper the step-daughter pushed 

Aftei rbr- ^oy-i i-ryin r . t bed 1 1 

day she had a fever and died a few hours later of a brain hemorrhage 0 

Oscar inherited half (80 acres) of the family farm when his father died 
in 1928. By then Joy, who had been ill, became very sick. She apj ' ntly had 
contracted tuberculosis from her first husband. There was no known remedy at 
the time — so it was just a matter of time. Martha took care of Joy and 
Bonnie until the work got to be too much. So Oscar and Carl hired Johanna 
(Jo) Rydman to help. Joy, like most tuberculosis patients of the day were 
isolated from others in the family with the hope no one else would catch it. 
Joy spent a lot of her last year sitting in a chair on the house's 1 ig< 
porch s On November 13, 1929 she passed away and is now in Centralis 9 s mL 
Vie , ^ tery where John and Martha Nordwell are also buried. 



6 - Mfl f/ 10> 1902 Olney Springs, Colorado 
d - Match ? , I9S5 [80) Tacoma, Washington 

Elizabeth "Jog" (Heller 


do Mov . 15, 1929 

Chehalis, Wa« 

Bonnie, Mag Non.dwe.ll 

b« Aug, 17, 1927 

Elaine,, ftla. 

d . 

Goldie Mae Baxter 

Divorced in ike, 1940 g s 

Oscar s s 
d. 1928? 

Oscar s s 

Tony Ee.ll 

Monte. Garold Barton 
6. Mag 15,1924 

Chehalis, 10a, 


Brenda I. 
In 4/10/66 

Cynihi R Q 
b. 9/11/67 

I Lois Lee 

6. 1/28/47 j 

Centralia , I 






d 0 


Sherry dawn 

6. 10/4/48 
Centralia , 


Monfg. Jean 

foo 1/16/51 

Jeanne Mar-' 

b, 6/3/60 
Centralia, J 

Wa. J 

d. J 

I Pell 
16. 9/3/69 
] Centralia , 


I/erne A . 

Jerry L 0 

d 0 

Ernest L 



6 0 4/11/71 

Jerry G a 
6o 6/28/69 

Christine I. Tammi/ M Q 

6 0 5/28/72 6 0 11/26/70 

Jason L. 
6 0 10/27/73 

" I 

Courtney M. 
6. 10/31/77 

3eiiry S a 
6o S/J/S0 
d. 10/17/80 

All oh Oscar' s grandchildren and great grandchildren have been " 
6o^w *w Ce^/ta^a, Washington . 

All datg.4 g/te month/ dag / near 

#,S in brackets indicate aqe at 


The truth of the matter was Oscar wasn f t much interested in f ing or 
farm vy<r;:L. When he inherited the eighty acres he had the haying and ^..iyi - 
else he could done on shares. That way his cattle had plenty of feed but he 
didn 9 1 have to do the work. About this time he got a job as a bri ! burner at 
sLi ^ i . fi 8 Brick. 

In the early 1930 ? s Oscar had decided that he would someday remarry. So 
he built a small house on the north edge of the property next to the river and 
put in a well. Its still there and looks about the same except the trees are 
r Di 11 ; * « " , He also built Martha a small house next to the old farm house* 
Once this was done, the old farm house and most of the land was sold to Frank 
Mueller. This was in 1933 or 1934. 

Martha pretty much raised Bonnie from 1929 until Oscar married G ] lie Mae 
ii>Lx-e in 1934 a Later Bonnie spent most of her summers with Martk 1 <>,.,, 

lad a son 9 Ted Bell, by a previous marriage* The four of them lived in 
I -car f s new hot - - : long after moving in Oscar got a chance to trade c 

riiiL - _ . . 1 :es in Centre: 1 ". . - - - zLx acre or so 

lit. 1 1 - j. ^ i vr Martha. 

Actually Ob-:: r" marriage to Goldie upset his sister Carrie in Kansas 0 
From an / ber 1: 1 from Carrie to - nil h J^. Mends le § 

• , , ii-j a' is Oscar, is he married yet? .That is th- 
with iiiiu :h ? fi'ti: he don f t write to me any more* It, - he got sore 
at me vv : . i-l <:< 1 him, 1 wrote to a girl ii- ,?horg and 

she was all most ready to go on the train to k : ~:.:,,"-o: -/id she got 
a letter Jcvq^ lihn -j say that he was r- ' ?d. She sure did feel 
bad to. I no her real well. I don't think that was a very nice 
thing for him to do. That was about a year or two ago. She sure 
did think a lot of him/ 9 

Oscar apparently got on the wrong side of other relatives now and tiien 0 
Ruby mentioned in several of her letters to Olive that he seldom visited his 
mother when she was in the nursing home even though he drove by daily on the 
i nd Ei m work, Likewise when his brother was in the h ital; Oscar 
lived closer than any other relative but seldom visited Carl, 

In 1941 Oscar quit his brickburning job and moved the family to Tacoma. 
ry '"mn ui ,i f'.„,i,i ?i. ' " • > „ , 1 < r ' /«.« 

to Iv. J:> -.i i / <~ h,,nfr,Co 

0s< a g< on as a painter at the Todd Ship Yard, Later they moved to South 
Tacoma Avenue wrhere the Goodwill store is now located* 

Toward the end of the war Ted was 25 and on his own; Bonnie had turned 
17 o and Goldie and Oscar decided to go into business for themse ~es 3 They 

r&ved i'nek to their home at 1115 South Tower in Centraiia and bou 
restaurant. The Aloha Cafe ? which was located where the laundromat sits today 
at Tower and Maple , was a family operation, Br . \j : yir.ched in. 

There were many long hard hours put " .\ _ , - . r > ' / ' w ^ 

a gor.--' . 1 - - . hree meals. Still things didn't work out. 

1 sice warn many disputes between j_j a -ad Goldie and within a year the 
flare-ups led them t© sell the business and separate® 

Oscar returned t© Taeoiia and found a job with a landscaping firm and 
later returned to painting which he liked a lot better. Ted went Ma own wa] 
and Bonnie married Monte Barton on October 13, 1945. Oscar worked for a 
painting contractor 0 He painted lota of houses 9 including a bunch at Fort 
Lewis and several stores Including the Albertson store in Centralia which is 
now the Shop-Rite o Along the way he had a falling ©tit with hie hoes and quit 
his jobo Shortly , though he was back to painting o '< A iUe : the Martlnae 
Ship Yardo He worked there until he retired in 196? at the age of ^S5o 

All through his life Oscar enjoyed having a fancy new car* He seemed to 
keep to himself pretty much 0 „ o - icr^c e ^Ul « i i ^ f n_ family c 
relatives much 0 After retirement he stayed a i 1 > . i ing in various 
apartments until he passed away on He,: J JU ISA© . . 'juried at the Granri 

Mound Cemetery which is at the _ jrae gA Aprico . , rnj 183rd near 


5©nn r 1 i ^t@m 

Bonnie and Monte lived in Centralia G Moate^ who was a truck driver, 
delivered ra Iroad ties fron the ail] tc the ri roads AiaA y: lasted rt ^ il 
about 1950 o After that Monte and Bonnie a £ ferns to keep goin^ 
~ r> - i ly intil he got a job on the l x > aern ?aca::ie section crew new 
^So By then the family included Area girls. Lois Lea (1947), Skerry 
OA and Monte Jean (1951) 0 The section crew job was good but Monte 
getting sick all too of ten c The ioetoi said it was i res :i on to the creosote 
in the tieSc, s© it was moving time again 

They went back to A:i A I s - i " ' a 2c " ^ ^ a and Bonnie went 

to work at National Fruit Canning 0 In 1960 Jeanne was born and their fifth 
iai ; iter Elizabeth 00 Lisa S0 was born in 1969. Bonnie moved over to Moduline 
s kes prefabricated homes 0 2 , w 1 ^ i t _ Ltuaie too 

bieavyo She worked on the beams and ceiling sheetrocking . Now she worki 
m j )nal jobs when they come up 0 Monte drives bus for Twin Transit and the 
four older girls are married and have delivered their parents ten 


Home Oscar bir v 

the hum t eta . . . Oscar & neighbor Clarence 


Carl & Johanne Rydman 

llsL ~ - - ~ years old and a dusty two block long cow town. On 

May 15th of that year, Carl was born near Tulsa, probably i;c _ auntie 

As deserlli oilier, the family headed westward a ye- . . . ;i 
to Ccdciiiii " ' _ - _ ' _ r - . ^ :L r ; ^ rle ^ _ 

valley south of, 

Carl " 7g11 ' : -< ^ a V:_ ri-i c% school about a mile 

Zizte finii. After that, he helped around the farm and a,. , - : 
outside jobs oee;c_ i -l I \obi ^ii ; lJA , • ;, al: ; ~ <t 

c - cum 19o He put off si- L up until 1919, when he joined the Army. He 
nas off to basic eirI :ii„,n - incized t - ag. Just what he was to 6j I u 
/^imy is not known, but as luck would have it, nv^iiriiie j!)Ry ^ r - ir bar 11, 
*< il'i , «- , - i 

He returned hose and continued to help his dad at home, Carl was 30 in 
1928 w] m his father died and he inherited half the family farm. In J . - nj 
ft < ^ried Johanna (Joj Rydman who he and Oscar had hired to help their mot Lei 
with Oscar's wife, who had tuberculosis, and young Bonnie, Jo, who was a 
widow, had 13 children. The youngest was five or six years old at the tim 
but several were grown and on their own. So it wasn't as crowded as it might 
have been. Carl and Jo, as you might imagine, had no children of their own. 

They lived in a house in back of the farm by the old road near the 
railroad. He later built a new home and a barn on his place, across the field 
from IhB i i n u , \ , ,. > - r , u L . < . , bm b, - 

been remodeled and looks a lot different than originally, 

In 1931 Carl sold his share of the farm and took his family and work 
horses to the Grays Harbor area, There he and his horses logged for several 
yearso Later he became a millworker. He was working nights at the Blagen's 
Mill when tragedy struck. On a dark, rainy night, Carl was walking across a 
br: ie. From the other direction a lumber carrier loaded with timbers 
was heading his way. The street wasn't lighted and the carrier had very dim 
lights. Carl couldn't see the timbers and - 

Carl at all. Carl was hit. His leg from the thigh to the s eecap was tumc 
to *a 1 : i, Carl laid in the ditch for quite some timi 

i _ : 

brought bo response* finally someone asked the carrier driver If 'ha had seen 
Carl and he said m. So the driver want out to look for Ma? by than Carl 
had lost lots of blood and was in shock, 

Carl was the critical list for about ten. days and when he appeared to 
be better, he had a stroke ™ so fee. was back mi the critical list* - Ml this 
took its toll, physically and mentally* His leg was pinned together iwd I : 
months he was' on" his feet, hut barely, Then there was pain* Pfe never &a3 
recovered from the pain or the horrible experiences* He would wake mp nights 
screaming* reliving the accident * feeling the pain* Jfe was also having 
extreme and unpredictable violent spells, 

Carl's family also suffered. The financial burden forced then out of 
their home. His violent spe.Ua forced Jo and Oscar to coamit Carl to Mc cs i 
State Hospital for treatment. The stress led Jo to a nervous breakdown wM 1 
fortunately was short-lived * Carl, wasn't: m lucky. He had hia ups an? 
downs. At first he came home often, but as it #ould turn our they uere 
only short stays. Those violent spells always returned * He came to 
understand his. condition and told Jo thsc be was afraid held tart Home tody and 
that it was best if he stayed permanently at Steilacooa* 

Over tea years after, the accident, Ruby, in one of 'her letters to Olive 
(February 1, 1950), described Carl's condition in these words I *\ • * he is 
better in bis mind than he has ever been since he got tort but I don't feel 
like X am able to take care of him. He cam walk around but his arm is still 
helpless/* He loved to have visitors mad always talked up & storm* On 
March 17, 1951, at the age of 52 K% died and we** frutJed at the hospital 

Car I at ^ attention^ in MWI 





Carrie & Andrew Peterson, & Peter i\ "-^13 rf : , 

Like her brothers Peter and Olaf , Carrie was born in Galfren- veden. 
He i xtM 1 er Britta died, from 2 _ li; _:ions at carries tu > , f <,,, i \ 

L 884< By age four, she was on her way to a new home . . . America. 

Carrie apparently spent most of her adult life in or near Kansas City, 

Kansas. She settle,! ±~ ' .- . -V £ .... : :.: L -" 11c had been 

for several years 0 --r she stayed with her uncle initially is not known 0 

^ ^\ : -- - , : - - ; -^-n fcfej left : : 

9< ! ^ ^ tsr 7). It is very possible that she settled in Kansas Cif 

before that. She married i j tew Petersen who was born January 18, 1891. They 

ratio r~<: li.'ica else is known about Carrie s except tiiat sb=> 
for many years for a hotel. 

Carrie kept in touch with her kin out west via letter. Six letters to 
Olive MordweJl have been saved and are in the pf/frs^rv,. " "< ^ f 1 1 n 

Stevens in Go] le d le. From these letters and the few pictures ; i .i . 
can get a glimpse of her life, 

October 13, 1938 (Address: 201 N. 30th Kansas City, Kansas) 
"Andrew has not worked in six months." 

"Our Uncle Pete is dead he passed away about four months ago. 
I never got any time to write and let you know about liim 0 He died 

at the poor _? (illegible)." (His birth certificate shows that he 

died March 26, 1935 in the town of Harmiff , which has probably been 
absorbed into Kansas City today and that he was a stonemason.) 

"Andrew is hard working, nice to me, 1 couldn't got any better 

man/ 1 
November 3, 1942 

0 0 0 T/e fc£" 7 - J , Te Vc a been 

help! : 1 ::.ds of ours out at Smithville, Mo. on a house they have 


M l am goiag over to see couslft 6U£ a»J Ms wife today. OUf*« 
wife is not at all well," 

"Hope Carl and also Jo are better." 

February 9, .1954 (Address i Kansas City, Kansas); 

"Andrew is still . (illegible) he can get m other job. He 

Is to old fee was 63 Tears young the Ja» l&tb aad 1 wiil fee 70 in 
juttft the 13th. b*eac " ' • r : eJ b I « - . ' ' Bu£ 1 caa 
work away very hard 1 get pi „ i/.r 

88 . . . I don't have awcb to do ^ot * - " l v !le 

like it fine, only thing we can do much on it, it takes the money so 
we just get a little lumber . . . lumber is so high h*r»." 

July 5, 1954 (Address: Kansas City, Kansas) 

"It is sure hot here, 75 degrees la. the city} if we only had 
cold nights so we could sleep. . ♦ . Everything is dry, we had a 
little garden that is drying up. Andrew bad (not) worked since last 
year, we are getting pretty short on money/" 



The Olaf & Olive White Nor dwell family — Winnie, 
.iuLia, Melbura ''lick 15 

- ' . ^ ' : :.l 6th birthday in Sweden, 1^1: lat^r 

he was on his Fr- ^ d'r^- ill- u^per irr,- £a a L _ 

to 1 1 L > . :-c r: dirrdo. 

Olaf went rhro-i the eighth grade but learned his relish first from 

sheep herders in the midwest. His family strrr^ rrrtt^ \mch in Be r 

^ttiaeerts Lara - - " :d„_: _ , r: i,t " ~: : 5r -ra u ss 
neither parent spohr rr,d:_r 

Not lcn d i- - ^ : r ^r _ . :rri 1;; polled into 

Goldrrdrl3- " :dr/igton where Olaf settled pel :L - 7dv rcrdwell fan ?r 

located three miles north of town off tr - r :yh^r^ ; rr a p -,-rbrd 

at tlie 7 " f - r - rr — and more followed see.rrrrEl jobg 0 He went to tr 

~ J: Valley to pick hops and fruit. He also worked the wheat hair d ' , 

the winter had a job at the brick yard in Granger, Washington . 

By 1910, at age 29, he was foreman on the 0 o J. Nelson ranch also located 
in the Orchard area. By then he was courting Olive White and we«- ^ 
sounded at noon April 28, 1910; 


"Miss Olive White, a charming and well-known young lady of 
doidu J r M t , t - r jL u-7 id ^r i-r - , , ^ r 

marriage at the home of the bride f s parents in this city Thursday, 
April 28, 1910, at High noon. Rev, Suhr of the Lutheran church 
officiating. The groom is the foreman for Mr. 0. J. Nelson, the 
Hood River capitalist, who has been purchasing large tracts in this 
valley 0 

The guests present weres Mrs. Harriman, Mr. and Mrs Wm. Rust, 
Mr 0 and Mrs. John White, Mr. Albert White, Jessie White, Mr. and 
Mrs. John Nordwall, Mrs. Lillie Divers, Mr. and Mrs. I. F. Roberts, 
daisy Roberts, Miss idras lad-arras, Mr. Carl Nordwall, Mr. 
r,: i ,11 . 


continued inom 6 


b. May II 9 1881 

kiita Vanish, 

d. Oct. 3 D 1953 {721 
Goldendale, Wa« 


kpnii 28 0 1910 


80 12, U 


do Ottoben 24, 

1984 (941 

Winnie. E&ten 

b« 6/28/1912 

Goldendale, Wa» 


bo 3/2/1916 

Goldendale, Wa« 

d. 4/28/1934 {131 
Goldendale, Wclo 

Uelbunn m Mick m 

b. 9/25/1919 

Goldendale, Wei* 

8/26/ 1 932 J Vancouven 

Hanold Stevens 

6. 6/14/1911 

Goldendale, toa. 

d. 10/14/1982 171) 
Salem, On . 

Hanold "Vain" 

b. 9/30/1954 
White Salmon ' 


Jo Ann 





7/27/ 1 957 f, 


feo 11/3/1947 
Goldendale - 


7/7/1951 i l Cama^ Jl®^ 

Olga [Wagner] fakton 
bo 7/4/1916 

Olga ha* 5 children 
by a pneviou.^ manniage 

Canmella Wanton) laK*on 
Rogen Vanton 
Lanny Vanton 

9/5/53 \CamaA,Wa. 9/3/55 Carnal 

6. 4/22/35 
Carnal , Wa* 




fe e 1/2/1935 






b 0 11/20/1950 




August, 1985 

All date^ ane month/ da jjjjJuM__ 

# ! 4 in bnacket* indicate age 
at death 


Among the presents received weres Mr. and Mrs. John Hordwall, 
water set and clock; Mr. and Mrs. I. F. Roberts, one milch cow f 14 
chickens, check for $10 s table linen and napkins; Daisy Roberts, 
lace curtains; Minnie Roberts, two center pieces; Albert White, 
^ea^e, - :) Jessie White, towels ; Mr, and Mrs. John White, pitcher 
and spoon holder, butter dish and creamer; Mrs. Presber 5 bed spread | 
Mrs. Harriman, salad bowl; Mrs. Lillie Divers, sofa cushion; Mrs. 
Ethel Divers, fruit dish; Miss Shirley Dilliree, cake plate; Car] 
and Oscar Nordwall, brush and comb. 

Armed with a supply of cigars and oranges, etcetera, the newly 
redded couple attempted to get out of town with a livery ri; ?/itieju,t 
being caught by the charivari party, but owing to the team running 
away and throwing them out plans miscarried somewhat, although 
neither were hurt in the smash up* The Sentinel and their man] 
friends extend congratulations," 

Go Id end ale • - * " ' j a - X 

01ive f s father, James E c dlA ■ aa: a eediee: barber frow Poitlenu. They 
ucq a siaadl eie l^-i • , __ L = - =rL" jldend, 

?milaes~ dli"; -a~- out of Missouri and came to reer^nd in 1844 and to 
Goldenc - ' = 1; d^ 

lot long after their wedding the other f . r .li& moved to Western 

Just how long Olaf stayed on at Nelson's is not known. But when Winnie 
was bom on June 28, 1912 they were s aying with Cora Hanelik, a sistei -,f 
Olive's livuie i u at what is now ' c a „ 

Back in 1308 half of Goldendale ? s business district went up in flames . 
An event zcmmcm in those days as towns lacked water systems «a I * > .right 
fires . All to frequently small fires grew to large disasters. Now in 1912 oi 
13 Olaf was having a tough time finding a steady job. About then the city 
decided it was time to put in a water system and hired Olaf. Still it was 
only a summer job, The family however was well taken care of because of 
0i>at\e . r- « « i, , , ;.?','.«- , . ■ _ n _ ; m M1 r t= s , (( , r ll( 

esseni i . ' n. < a<a a m r ^ a > , , i n , e , Cf j ill j r ^ uf)( ] 

use. He also trapped for the fur or the bounty when the government was ? :j}:hp 
to reduce the predator animal population. 

By 1915 his job prospects were still far and few between, so he and Olive 
decided to join their kin in Western Washington,, They bought acreage where 
Marysville stands today. They were getting ready to move when he was offered 
and quickly accepted the managers job at the 600+ acre Portland a dale 
Farm. The ranch, owned by a Portland corporation, was a Modern affair with a 
gr&Yi^y 1-c tz < V - ; They raised pigs, cattle, alfalfa and had two 

hired-hands the year round and a bunch during the I - _ - .v- 


Bote 8 mmsfo Smmtlma gqpasr® - II ail® 


(T)) Thaias Sconiler f s 80 acre fariti 1893 to 1905? since 1956 the home of '^ial: 
and Olga N^-Vv\.'l, , . go % mile pi L A -Vr ; ,„ ; v : 

I- ir -J. i, - " ' . - . - - _ , ^ - 


^^^'--.-.V. 'S 80 acre fs „ L<j^-; ,y . r .u for 

- 00. . . . west of Pipeline Rd. at the Jun< tion 

of Pipeline and Orchard Heights roads. 

rohn P. Nordwell 8 s 119 acre purchase of Public Lands in 1909. (See Chp 8 21 
~> * . . is dir^ ; "-,") , 

@ John P. Nordwell "s 160 acre Homestead granted in 1912 , after the family 
moved to western Washington?? Property seems to overlap with (2) . 

• o . immediately north of ^ west of . . k?»v> \ * 

(5) Olaf Nordwell managed this, The Nelson Ranch, from 1910 to about 1912. 
V )i » viimate location only. 

Peter J e aad Euby N<e Swell 8 s 82 acre farm and Homestead applied for in 
December 1908 but denied in June 1910. . . . j 0; 

^"■eu 4 miles north of town on Bloodgood Rd. Watch for the po^i Linos 
which bisect the property. 

^< i^* - - - .ta Nordwell . , . about 7 miles N.W. of town ■ 

Hill Lo&d$ : : Lt rj ;3 a iirt road. The power lines cut - . 


— - --..J.: i 160 acre fedl;: Ifa^ which they liv^d at from 

and inters^c 3 :® \ " \ ^ 

Site of tb± £':,^lr^: ^ehool where W J- , ,1 >;<^I - c her .-n,,3-„-,n 

school yeai>j , .-3, jA Rd. turn onv.o :^ z l v d. 

10} Site of th<~ icC'ir :• • vo t-jhool where Hick and Ml^ti )X«>;7v;^a * tended. The 
Blockho»vw V'^im n,-^ for dances and other social Zm: -^ns olnting this 

time.-, o , on \~:~"- " - about a 2 miles past Hill Rd. 


TOO? iRstezy where Olaf, Olive, and Alma Nordwell are buried. . . off 
H-i Rd. take the 1st road into cemetery. Their headstones an- 5 n^r-' 
in and the ?. r, 1 _ ■ - to the right, next to the juniper trees. 

Vj Original site of the Goldendale Meat Co and Stwkyardg where Miefc Etoi^rell 
worked and in the 1950 s s operated his custom slaughter service . . . just 
north of NE Third Ave. where it meets N. King St. 

(l^) Goldendale Meat Co m and Slaughter lionse where Mick Nordwell worked for 

(ij) Home that Olaf Nordwell built in 1935 and the family residence ever since. 
The current home of Winnie Nordwell Stevens . . . 302 N. Academy St. 

Olaf and Olive Nordwell °s in^town farm and home from 1934 - 1935. It was 

about 2 acres bounded in general by Roosevelt, Collins, Allen and King 

Streets. The barn was on Roosevelt near Collins . Olaf later built the 
house oorsrentiy at 601 E 0 Collins today. 

16 : me of Olive \ r ell»s sister, Cora 1-3 ~ ^ ;e Winnie was born in 

1912 cihd lilzl j > 1 i_ O-nily lived with the Hamelik's in 1912 and 

possibly 1913 ... 216 Sentinel Street. 

Site of: l/ v " ^ _- _ _ ' , : \ - - _ ^\_— ; - c^cm '\ yf to 

1946. >:t J , ' - . - ^ ^ < 5 Avenue 

to th6 ti, i:,/ : . 

irrigation sypu~m worked great but didn f t cover the entire ranch because of 
the terrairio Olaf loved t© tell about when the corporate brass came out to 
look things ©ver 0 They spent some time ©a the irrigation syeteMo The brass 
were butb they could get water to yonder field 0 The only problem was the 
water would have to have gone nip hillo 

The work was hard*. Running a large ranch successfully without 
electricity nor Internal combustion engine eouldn c t have been easy 0 Of course 
they were accustom to the work and did wello In facte this was a prosperous 
tine for the family 0 They bought their first car In 1918 and were able to set 
ji - icney aside Q Bering this time Mia Bell and KLloina wei e Lom 0 Mma In 
1916 and "lick 00 in 1919 . 

In 1920 the farm was sold and Olaf lost hie jobo He and Olive took their 
savings and pint a down payment on a 160 acre ranch 9 ml 1 s northwest of to t 
next to the Portland-Goldendale farm There ( laf rai g 1 zs. le, alfalfa i 
itarted a dairy herd of guernseys 9 and jerseys o He alsc rented other g. 
and grew wheat 0 Olive of course was busy raising the children^ keeping the 
household running and everybody fed and clothed 0 She alsc sold veget b 
fruity milk and butter from the farm 0 

'ascribed those z } ± > IS to 193Gt in Scl ale a $yi 

"Dad loved to hunt and fish when til peraii ec W aad a dry 
sense of humor 0 My mom was the opposite and loved to irease and jol i 
although dad loved to play p:>:r t\ sr^ipt they made a good team* 

During our growing up period we never wanted for clothes ©r 
foodo Living on a farm we could raise all fruit nnJ olss 
needed, the ea J a was full of canned produce 0 7e elsrr* i d sod 
beef 9 pigs , chicken and sheep 9 so our meat supply was a variety 0 
Dad would take a load of wood t© Maryhill peach orchards and come 
back with a load of fruit 0 I remember one year mom and 1 canned 350 
quarts of pea aes alone 0 We didn't know what an allowance was. Our 
outings were to come to town on Saturday night , listen to the band 
play 9 once In awhile go to the movie o Sometimes there was a street 
dance o On Sunday It was to churchy which were held In school 
houses o If It was wan 3 the sermon was given outside. Just like 
the song the 9 Little Church In the Wildwood^o After church there 
was usually a picnic e In the winter our recreation was parties , 
dances and neighborhood get togethers, I c ve gone to dances since I 
was § weeks old 0 Dad danced but really didn't - } It like the 
rest of us 9 but he would always take us 0 In those days we usually 
danced till daylight 0 Those who didn 9 t dance would play checkers « 

My biggest hobby was horse back riding 0 I had a pony and my 
five girl friends did too 0 We would take a sack lunch and ride the 
countryside o Nick loved to hunt and fishu Alma was a home body and 
'ed to sew and embi ler 0 


1 wouldn't trade my growing up years for anything. Lots of 
hard work, as being 7 years older than Mick I was dads hay hand as 
well as moms helper, especially when the harvesters were working as 
dad rented several places and grew wheat * That meant working fr »m 
daylight till dark c oc 

They did well at first but few farmers in those days truly prospered, and 
Olaf was no exception. When the roaring 20 f s came to a crashing halt in 1929, 
farm prices fell drastically and markets stayed lean for years. In Klickitat 
County wheat prices that stood at $2.12 per bushel in 1920 were $1.07 in 
1929. In the early 1930 f s some farmers were getting as little as 7f- cei ts 

The Nor dwells were luckier than most families during the depression. The 
i q in Goldendale were all heated by wood furnace. Olaf, with his \ifj « 11 
resourcefulness, furnished wood for the stores. In contrast to ^_ , , o 
odo j a actually owed him. So with the food they grew at home, the lit 

joo , j y and the credit at the stores they survived the depression relative 
« onfortably. That is, until late 1934 when a fire cWt _.yed their barn a 
the hay. The loss of the winters feed was a fatal blow. Rather than looc- 

• raicjii o^coi< 6 id td d, what they spent 14 years : :. : , doi i.ood' to 

nothing. 1934 wasn't a good year, to say the least ... - dde fire a 

having to give up the ^dloe^ they also lost Alma. She :-,-d of a tr/v 
problem she oa - _ ^ :h. 

The lc _ l. ^ - ; i where Olaf got a job with the ElicLitat Fine 

- ' " was l^oit:d where the Boise Coooolo Mill c/,^t=.^ „od a ;;o 

wo j :e "dooro for se o: d - 3 and did about r,x. -1., m,_ there was to do <-•? 
the mill. 

When they moved, Gold.-ro lale itself was pretty much rural except for the 
very heart of town. They got an acre or two and had a barn^ a cow and 
oh;d dans. The property sits near the middle school between E. Collins Drive 
and E. Allen, and between S. King and S. Roosevelt streets . Olaf built the 
house at 601 E Collins Dr. which sets on the SW corner of the property. He 
also built the house at 302 S. Academy which is now Winnie's home and ha.«i been 
the family home for the past 50 years. The Collins Drive home may have been 
built last as it was for Nick when he was first married. 

hi i°> o, ,r 1 o . : _ u j_ r b ,r, , . , , ^ t]lj 

c 000 c ,i ling. Eight months later they had themselves a new three. 

dllf {)U»"ji c , 1 1 < i . _ i , 1 ' rd ,< • lv-> : mS O l } '^tf\ 

deal there and with his own labor . . . they owned nary a nickel on the house 
when they moved in, The house featured all the Latest , nveni* zes; 
electricity ? ooter and indoor plumbing. 

By World War II Winnie and Mick were on their own. Winnie had married 
Harold Stevens in 1932 and Idiot was off fighting In the Pacific. 

After 11 years at the mill Olaf retired in 1946 at age 65, Their only 


retirement income was a email social security payment however, so he took up 
janitor worko He spent eight hours a night at the local bank and a few other 
businesses cleaning and in the winter also kept the furnaces stoked, 

Olaf became ill in 1949 with cancer of the prostrate gland and passed 
away October 3, 1953 at age 72 0 

Olive was a hardy soul^ She took care of the family and loved to 
crochet 9 knit and sew. Her skill, patience and j>zi : --j t- ~- c , ible in lor 
art worko She continued these activities unxil her ^ « -a 1 .®'oe 2<\ 1984 
at age 94. Today, Olaf and Olive lie s reel urn:; -l <^n^ debtor Aliia in 
the IOOF Cemetery north of town off of N. Columbus Ave. To find them enter 
the first gate. On the right side, 3 rows in from Columbus they are the 
seventh aoc a - , n stone . They 1 re marked by flat headstones and two seven 

foot junipers planted by Nick in the 1950 f s. 

Winnie in l - c elu 1 L 

Winnie was bom Jane 28, 1912 s the first of dnce^ ohildian, Olive and 
Olaf had left the Kelson Ranch and were staying with Olive 9 s sister Cora 
Hamelik in a^l 1 ele, 

A couple years later jiay ncnei art to tte lorrland- i^lda le Farm. 
While there in 1S1E Finnic started going to tin S L :ninr ar-al School, The 
t t 1 had one teacher^ 9 | races and an ink weli en eejary de k 0 it wasn°t 
long before she was initiated to school life. Her curls were dipped in the 
ink well behind here The villain 9 Harold Stevens 0 The Srrerc family moved 
t© Portland a couple years later 0 Harold, however r^a.: c: i \ea in G Ldend le 
now and then to visit relatives and friends. 

The lordwell kid T " h jell ire < co: s h;:ol t j leii skilled 

parents o Olive loved to sew and was quite a seamstress c L ny a night she'd 
stay up at bei iron! lin c- on s e The next morning the girls would find 
a aev i:e^a j an[ o iv i 1 , n ir 'eve _ 1= j- J > k.*, Olaf was an 
expert shoe cobbler and stitched and resoled the family shoes up into the 
^0 i 1 1 e wae pe actionist when it came to shoes and was very particular 
about the fit of the children 9 s shoes 0 Winnie recalls that brown heavy brogue 
oxfords were the fad with teenagers 0 She really wanted a pair but her feet 
were to n dw I i any at th Local - „ » < - 1 M her he i 

took hei lo ilc Ljlu"3 i 1: j j- 1 ^y -'i 1 - " iuadc the oho j 

s id Olaf delivered $18 worth of firewood^ which would have l y la, tlrree pair 
of ordinan 

Winnie graduated from GoHoSo in 1931; that night Harold Stevens 
rea L : , 1 A year later 5 « a L^v^l 26, 1932 Winnie and Harold were married 
in ¥ancouver 0 They moved to Portland where Harold started to work at the 
king Bakery on Franklin Street 0 The depression was still in ful . o~nng and 
so to spea'" there iahi s^oa^h J r feci. a " of :he £'jceen 

variety" and the bakery went 1 rc m They reti rnec to 1 ^ e ei , '^rold 

went to work in the local bakery 


Iri 1 ° 5 : - kery and got on with the Washington State 

Department of Highways in 1936* He was on the maintenance crew that 2 ve: < 
sonth^^f: Washington, in the winter he worked out of the Klickitat off:!:- and 
was in Vancouver the rest of the year. The crew was sent to R< .. tc i i 
month of ditching in the summer of 1938. Rather th*.-.. - . >, 

" )M ' ,j 11 o World War 11 Winnie and Harold separated and later divorced. 

WIhmi ' Ml J IE cl- !C ."J''' m ^ r, ;j f,l ^ ^ ,,,,,, ^ 

bi^ced working as a clerk for J e C. Penney in their shoe d- : - : 

spent most of her retail career in shoes with the Meier and. * : , 

Store. In 1974 Olive came to live with Winnie, Three years later / 
retired for the first time, But the ink wasn't dry on her last M & F check 
when she was back working at Nadean's Shoes & Clothing Store in the } < . - 
Mall. She worked there until the store closed in 1984. Then at age 72, 
Winnie really • - • io tired, , : * " I- - ; r/iJry^ , ' back to the 

Academy Street in • ll^idale where she currently 
u of retiree ^ v>^j e This time she's a part~tL_ ^ - 
sister-in-law Olga who is site manager of the local senior center, w i 
cuts in j. M»l--.- * , a week in the kitchen h^;:^/ ^ri'-r- ,1^ ... o> so 

1^ ^ j . . / 

Miiia Ball MoMwell 

"nc ?c ' 11 fry. Actually she had a se:\^' tJ ;V^ U( -> t ! L2 .ac-^j^,-, 

stu ~:J her growth. It wasn't really noticed until she ^ . W .7^, 
st:;L1J ^ib»i ? t walking. She went through the eighth grade; even then she 
-< 1 1 than most second graders, Today medicine can corre \h-_ vi\/n.^ ■ 
for Alma it meant being different and death in 1934 at age 18. 

IMilm^ "Nick" Nordwell 

The family was living at the Portland-Goldendale Farm in 1919 and Olive 
was expecting their third child, The arrival date turned out to be 
- - f ' 1 ' ' " ] ie name Melburn. He, like his sister Winnie, was born at his 
Aunt Cora 1 s in Goldendale . By the age of five he was being called Nick. 

His early years were spent on the farm so he had plenty of chores to keep 
him busy and out of mischief. At age 15 (1934). the family moved into 
Goldendale after fire destroyed the barn and winter feed. Befo-E v - < ^ < 
from high school in 1937 he mowed lawns, stacked firewood, worked in the hay 
fields and anything else he could find to do for his 1 pending money. 

After graduating he went to work at Klein Bros. Meat Market. When World 
War II broke out he went into the service, At first he was in the Army l Li 
Fcac'- - - - sent him to meat cutting school c ^uths latei he 

transferred to the ma :hj s gun section of the 19th Infantry, 24th Divisior , 


Company 1-L Nick and his unit saw action first ha&d. in the Phi Hi pine a and 
Leyte* Like Ms ecu si a Lester Hordwell, Hick's also stayed over for the 
occupation and did not get home until l*t« in 1945^ 

Returning to GoMandala, Kick went back to his . job with the meat company 
until it was sold. Later hm married Lee Andersen and lived in the Collins 
Driv* home. They had two children g Stew on ifoveaber 3, 1947 and Kathyrn on 
November 20, 1950, tefom they divorced, 

for 16 years Mick ran hi a own custom slaughter service* He rented the. 
old stockyard facilities which are located at the corner of King and HE 
Third Avenue* He later went to work for the OoMeifclale Meat Co* la 1982 he 
"retired" but still works there 30 to 40 hours a week be a. butcher,. 

Nick married Olga lag^r Par torn on July 7, 1951* Five year® later they 
moved out to the country * * * they bought the old Seouller property in 
Orchard Heights, The place had only one tree, a large garage /machine shed and 
a barn. Nick, planted some trees and transformed the garage into the -nice 
three 'bedroom house that is their home today* The barn was made of logs and 
was there when the Scoullers settled there in 1903. Mick had asked hie kimt 
Ruby Mordwell when the bam was built* She didn't know but said it wasn't new 
when her father moved onto the farm* Today the log barn is still in good 
shape but has a. couple " of additions and a tin roof on its south side to 
protect tt from the weight of the mow. 

Olive & Olaf Hot dwell * $ wedding Alma, w Niek* w Winnie Hord^ell. 

for trait,: GoM#ndile.r illt ifte otoths we« liacfe by tteir 

?ic?t.h€r ? Olives 






Pete and Ruby got married in October of 1904 in Goldendale . Pete was 29 
at the time and Ruby, 22. Where did they live? Dlaf 9 s d!aaa : :c j &i< 
Stevens is quite sure they lived on an 82 acre a ^.ste: ! north -a ~el - r 
on what is now Bloodgood Road, Olaf , had <ac a. -d it out when they drove by, 
'■is property whiJa ^\£ll:i^ : ~_ ~- - _ „ r ri= jr...^ • ca>? place they 

applied for a h< It appears they lived there. < - - ~ : ;j -years, 

and in Da^a-i^ : _ z:L2-ri _ _ the homestead (see Golf -finale map in c!aa 
chapter) . 

While in 7 r „-^-„.'. . , - . _ - - . . fcave 

also operated a fr-aj^ «.< - aess with his baaaaes and ~f - - . ?r While £ ace, 
their first ahraxa^n -r^r- 1 i t Hazel in 1905, John in 1907, — 

That - - ::. . tion did not sail. -a, ti, , uaSc. 

.. ^ tent of Interior dated June 27, 1910 implied that his homestead exila- 
#13210 would be approved if he could provide proof of U * S . citizenship . . . 
no^al < a^ he couldn't do, 

Pete must have been forewarned of the denial as the family in early 1910 
d pulled stake i d moved to western Washington, First they stayed with his 
parents at their new farm south of Chehalis. Young John became very ill and 
died on the far* «>n ^ L l i> ^ „, ,r .m ir ] ia. ( iby oirr.wj o MJl| 

40 acre piece north of the Wynoochee River near Montesano. The current 
address is 183 demons Road (see Montesano map in this chapter) . Actually 
they had a partner in the property . The Warranty Deed dated Octobe i 
shows that P. J. Nor dwell paid Alfred Gustafson, a bachelor, $1,000 for an 
undivided half -interest in the property. The land was covered with old growth 
fir and those trees became the family business. Instead of fan ig, Pete 
became a wood sawyer. A March 1965 news column in the Montesano Viadea;:ea 
reflecting on 50 years earlier (1915) included: "Woodsawye N r dwell and his 
dragsaw aaat to Reinkens Brothers on the Wynoochee. He will saw for other 
ranchers there before coming down the river/* At home, they cleared the land 
selling firewood in town. His firewood deliveries, made in a horse-drawn 
wagon, supplied the courthouse, a couple of lawyers, and many others in town, 


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(J) Peter J 

l > ~ l B s 82 at , , ; ' -.stead applied for i n 

L908 . . a in June 1910. 

north of town :^ - ^ ^ ,, M 

o? f 5r 4 

which bisect the property 

For the location of all our relatives in the area and driving directions see 
Soli idale map in Chapter 11. 

to take out a U.S. citizenship. On January 16, 1911 Iw , , J led for 
citizenship and two and one half years later, at age 38 he became a bona fide 
citizen. Like most immigrants he was proud to be an American, So much so 
that when his granddaughter Gladys Mason asked him to say something in Swedish 
he'd says v, No ? I'm an American/* 

At Montesanc diphtheria claimed four year old William in 1913 and there 
were three new arrivals, Anna in 1912, Helen in 1914 and Lester ?s Petp se in 

Their oldest child, Hazel, had mentioned that at the family 
prospered C 2 kids got store -- _ - . clothes and other luxuries. But after 
sevsi : i: ^ \ . . s it was time for a change. 

mrnrnm, mmimm 

W€Dt(B§ 1 iah Bm :m - 1 ail© 

■ Peter and Ruby Mordwell 8 s 40 acre home, 1909 to 1917. Held an undivided 
half interest in tM pr« mici < fit £ie<r ^ ^ The birthplace of 

Unna, Helen ^ and jl , . 1 1 

1 i I ss From Monte sano go west on Highway 12 - > "~ -J \L , ?n 0 Cross 
the Wynoochee River Bridge, go k mile and torn left onto Clemmc m Rd c Co 
to the 90° corner, a % mile past this is the property 11 s west boundary 0 
Currently there °s a barn, a long pawed driveway at thit p^nt, and 3 ranch 
style hones backed against the drive. They 0 re ©n the pr©perty Q Mote that 
the powerlines cut across the back*, The current owner, Tom Eaton ^ lives in 
the yellow house at 183 Cleiimons Rd 0 The east boundary is where the ro : 
heads down the steep hill. The ©Id house there was built after the 
Mor dwells moved away Q 






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The family packed up and took the train to Oieland, California which is 
about 110 miles north of Sacramento ('see Orland map Li this chapter) . This 
time they took up alfalfa farming 0 They apparently rented a place and planted 
a couple of places they rented e The work was hard, the sun hot, the house u 
a shack and life stark 0 Pete, who was but 5 feet 4 inches tall and 140 
. :nnds, found that working hard did not guarantee a profit „ After three 
years s and Vm sure a very deep tan to go along with his blue eyes and brown 
hair c the farm went belly up. 

That year, 1921, they headed back to western Washington Why they came 
back to the northwest in not certain,, Pete and Ruby's families were here of 
course and Pete apparently discovered the central California heat was too much 
of a good thing 0 0 « no air conditioned homes and tractors in those days 0 
Anyhow s it was moving time for the family, now eight in number with Mary 
(1918) and Edith (1920) the newest members 0 

This time packing meant putting everything and everybody into two covered 
wagons o Their destination a 155 acre farm near Mat! cl in Mason County in 
Washington | over 700 miles to the north (see Matlock map in this chapter). 
Ruby drove the wagon pulled by Topsy and King, a na - j=v± oi work horses they 
bought for the tripo They left in May or June of 1921 and at about 10 miles a 
day the trip took all summer 0 For the most part, the roads were but cow paths 
or abandoned railroad grades and at best a gravel road wide enough for one 
lane of traffic 0 The roads likely were shared occasionally with the latest 
technology, the automobile which gained considerable popularity after World 
War lo 

Each night they camped along the road 0 Mien the laundry and other chores 
piled up, they stopped for two or three days to catch up. There were no 
li mc 'omats, of course just wash tubs, washboards and clothes lines „ They 
also had to cook their own meals and along the way stop long enough for the 
kids to run behind a tree or whatever 0 

flay o o o July 4th, 1921 0 Fete, Ruby & their 6 kids 


1) M±^1Sf\ farm of Peter and Ruby Nordwell from 1918 to 1921. ro^e^l 
location onlyl Birthplace of Mary and Edith Nordwell. Hazel went to high 
school one year at Orland. The younger kids went to a small rural school. 
From here the family moved to the Matlock farm in Mason County, Washington. 

Micectionss Requests from Glenn, Tehama Counties and a title company 
failed to locate the property. Apparently they rented the pro,- j >;y 0 in 
- ? ^ . \* - ^ - . r [ ' .'.-id, but 

neither r- ■ ->:-<= * the spaci£ic location. The general area lies north and 
east of town. From 1-5 at Orland go into Orlando Just a hop off 1-5 turn 
lore -V ic 6th .3 tree- ci Hwy # 99) and go th a the arch that says 
50 Iea^i:o; land, C-li f ir^nla/ 1 go a mile or two north. rrcca there it°s a 
nils or two 1: 1' ^ ;lrl^ r:r>o^ v"l/Ere it is? 


One night when Pete was stomping around the brash setting up camp he 
heard a hiss, then another, and yet another It was a rattler! He showed his 
quickness and a bit of temper as he grabbed a bent but sturdy ©tick and 
clubbed the snake to death G He cut off the rattles and gave them to Ruby who 
showed them to everyone for years and years 0 

Along the way 9 the kids had fun but also tended to get a little bored in ; 
their cramped space G °°Pete/° now five years old, loved to aing and he ; 
apparently took it upon himself to provide the entertainment 0 Everything went 
along smoothly, that is s until they came to a torn and Pete kept singing 0 
Hazel, now a 16 year old 2 was embarrassed with her little brother singing in 
public 9 and a family squabble ensued. 

The Matlock farm was partially cleared but they went to work clearing 
iore e They ran their cattle on the open range and the Carstairs Prairie for 
extra feedo They settled into the large two-story cedar home near the roado 
The road is the same one that's there today 0 Originally it was a railroad 
grade used in the logging days 0 Logging railroads were everywhere at one time 
but were costly and lost favor with the advent of the log truck 0 Many, like 
this one, was converted to roads 0 The house had huge rooms and near room size 
walk-in closets 0 Closets large and dark enough to scare the little ©nes 0 
They started a beef herd 9 got a few milk cows and chickens, planted a garden, 
and foraged blackberries and what have you Q Needless to say they always had 
plenty to eat, but when it came to money they had very little 0 

About a year after they arrived at Matlock, Ernie, their last child was 
born on September 19, 1922 0 Hazel their oldest, at age 17 married Ray Mason a 
couple of months later. 

Actually it wasn't until December 1923 that Pete and Ruby fully committed 
to buying the property e The deed record shown below details the transaction 
which called for a balloon payment in late 1929 0 



^ l69S * IT IS KEBEBY MUTUALLY AGREED by and between Ed 

Land Contract 0 .Mams, and Sarah Adams bis wife c owners of an undivld- 

Ed Adams, et ux, and John' Wraith, * ed nine-twelfths interest in the hereinafter described 

to • 0 estate, and John Wraith., a widower,, formerly th© 

P. Jo Nordwell, o husband of Annie V 0 Wraith, now deceased, owner of an 

Filed Deo. 21,1923, at 10:00 A.M. * undivided three-twelfths interest in said real estate, 
Req. ?. J. Nordwell. * parties of the first part, and P; J. Nordwell, a mar- 

E, L. Kellogg, Auditor, * ried man, party of the second part, that the parties 

By Ida Rex, Deputy. * of the first part have sold to the party of the second 

******************* Part, and the party ©f the second part has purchased 
of the parties of th© first part, that oertain real estate situated in Mason County, Wash- 
ington, particularly described ae follows, towit § 


The Southwest quarter of Section U- s Township- 19 North. f West ¥ m <av - t? 

longing, on the following terms; g -ores, with appurtenances tl 

The purchase price for said land is |2g00.00,of which the sum of ^00.00 has been paid 
as earnest, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged by the parties of the first part, 
and the further suras to be paid as follows; 

$100.00 on or before October 10, 192^ 
fclOO.OO on or before October 10, 1925 
$100 o 00 on or before October 10, 1926 
SlOOoOO on or before October 10, 

$100.00 on or before October 10, 192*3; and the balance of said purchase 
r .rice, or the sum of $1900.00, on or before October 10, 1929, together with interest on all 
deferred payments of principal at the rate of Jf> per annum from this date until paid, said 
intereot to be paid at the time of making each, payment of' principal and in addition thereto. 
All payments of principal and interest to be made to first parties at Butte, Montana, free 
cf exchange, or at such other point as first parties may designate from time to time. The 
second party shall have the option of increasing said annual payments, should he desire, in 
multiples of §50.00, and he- shall have the right to pay this contract in full at any time 
?rtth interest to time of l. uig „ ■ ^ dive the i?e< _ - . ~» for. 

> j i f \ <> S 5 % S S S 

For 'ihe - _ - : pare - .__ ' _r.^~ Zr: nriiiself : -.r^r. they first 

were in Matlock he took a job with the - rr " 1 : ..^rs. Lc z % was in full 

lug as the c&ti \ . ^ &y roared throng a the 192Q ? s. After a year though 
he became dissatisfied and went back to fr\^L;,,, £ :;vll time. 

Mo si c "he dels clo ies ~ 7 srs aome iads c Luby would - t of cloth, 

ir?>ra s cut and sew it to a s- c V/ - ^ TV- a^rie gr.t - ~=s and th -\ 

Lt )/ '* r 1 - • -V i r r te" and E: ' ^ L 1 - 

knickers were s >. l.^j „ f?}?] the same - . al as tr~ 1 • ^ ^1- 

result o . . the boys were teased to death. Ruby canned hundreds of quarts of 
food e.™ ' ' - ' rr-a, cooked three meals a day and did all the 

household chores of the day. Her heart , however, was outside. She was tall, 
thin and an outdoor type. So when her younguns were old enough to take over 
inside^ she headed outside , but stayed close enough to assure the kids stayed 
out of mischief o She was elbow to elbow with Pete in the farm work. They 
argued a lot about how things should be done, but tons of work did get done by 
ibotho Slip drove the w^t. us, did a lot of the milking ^ helped build the barn s 
worked in the fields and gardens and who knows what else. 

In the summer of 1923 a fire started in the barn and soon it burned to 
the ground o The next spring a chimney fire spread and engulfed their cedar 
home o They tried but could do nothing to stop it. All eight of them squeezed 
into the garage and they started over. 

Pete rented a steam engine sawmill and everybody pitched in to rebuilds 

The new house was a large, two-story affair, with a full basement. This is 

the house that later was to be Warren and . ^ 1 > <- ,1 - 1 -j^ The original 
house was acr - ■ • ' ' ... ' - 

] I • 

The late 1920 9 e brought more bad aewso The Wall Street crash ©a 1929 
reached out to Pete like it did his brother Olaf in Goldendale 0 The lose ©f a 
market for his beef and milk meant no cash to pay the mortgagee Actually 9 if 
things had been going well financially they would have had the money saved for 
the balloon payment 0 Possibly they could have lost it in a bank failure 0 o 0 
but that 9 e not likely 0 They lived from day to day cash wise and when they did 
have money Pete hid it outside in an old stump 0 Banks were to© far away and 
not trusted by Pete c Losing the place was probably inevitable at this point 
but they were able to hang onto the property for several years 0 If my math is 
correct raising §2 9 0Q0 cash then would be the same as raising 133^000 today 0 
Next to impossible when your credit is bad 9 the economy is at an all time low 2 
you had medical bills, you have little if any cash, and no jobo Official word 
of foreclosure came via an 00 Amended Lis Pendens 00 filed April 16 s 1936 (see 
below). The fateful day was August 17 9 1936o At the sheriff's sale the place 
sold for $2,54io95 

77659 , 

Amended Lie Pendens 

Federal Land B?nk of Spokane 


Peter. J. Nordwell et ux, et al 
Piled A pr# 16, 1936 9:33 A. M. 
Req. A. L. Bell 
Harry Deyette, Auditor 



* The Federal L and 3ank of Spokane , 

* p. corporation, 

* ~ Plaintiff, 

* vs. 


* Peter J. Nor dwell , also known as 

* ?. J. Nordwell, and Ruby R. Nordwell, 

* husband and wife; Sarah Adams f and ( 

* Elma National Farm Loan Association, ) 

* a corporation, ■ ' ( 

* " Defendants. ( 

ft**************** NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that The Federal Land Bank of 

Spokane, a corporation, plaintiff in the above entitled action, has instituted an action 
against Peter J. Nordwell , also known as F. ^ o Nordwell 9 and Ruby R. Nordwell , husband and 
wife; Sarah Adams and Elma National Farm Loan Association, a corporation, Defendants. 

That the object of said action is to foreclose a mortgage executed by Peter J. Nordwell, 
also known as P.J. Nordwell , end Ruby R. Nordwell , husband and wife, to The Federal L a nd 
Bank of Spokane, for the sum of $2000.00, dated August 2g 8 1926, which mortgage is recorded 
in the office of the County Auditor of Mason County, Washington, in Book 37 of Mortgages, 
page 79 1 and covers the hereinafter described real property. 

: 4ie further object of said action is to foreclose and bar the rights of the defendants, 
and each of them, and all persons claiming by, through or under them, or any of them, In and 
to said real property or any part thereof. 

The real property described in said mortgage and affected by this Lis Pendens Is de- 
scribed as follows, to-wit: 

The Southwest Quarter of Section Four, Township Nineteen North, Range Six, West 
of the Willamette Meridian, excepting therefrom a tract in square form in the North- 
west Corner of the N 0 rthv/est Quarter of the Southwest Quarter of said Section, con- 
taining 5 acres, all situated in Mason County, State of Washington. 

Dated at Spokane, Washington, this 2nd day of April, 1936. 

Henry R. Newton 

Post Office Address: 
610 Main Avenue 
Spokane, ■ Washington. 

Earl C. Dorfner >j 

* q # # « ® # ® <} & ® vp ® i! 


ic^oi. Kuch of the land they had logged j lv- 

chat the ^jomitr eroded up with lots of property which could be bought £gl die 

ice of back taxes. Pete and Ruby bought the 40 acres on ti - -; ^rjr,^ 

County. The new place was next door to the place they had to clitta kicfr." 

it had no buildings. So 9 with only two kids at home they built a small house 
this time 9 While they built, they rented the place they had lost. 

8* ^^SSL^^rf^^-g-^ 

F o J 

9871 0 


Weyerhaeuser Timber Co. J This Deed, Made this 21st day of June, 1941, 

* by the WEYERHAEUSER TIMBER COKPANY, a corporation duly 
•»- incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington, 
Filed Jul 11 1941 9 04 A H I party of the first part, and P. J . Nordwell, of Elma, ' 

Reo. P. J. Nordwell » Washington, party of the second part, WITNESSETH: 

Harry Deyette, Auditor * Tha C the first party, in consideration of the ' 

v v « » * * « * . : , * „ : , ... sum Qf Ten Dollars (fc 10 . 00 ) and othor valuable consl „ 

derations unto It paid, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, does Grant, Bargain 
and Convey unto the said party of the second part, his hairs and assigns, the following 
described tract of land' situate in the County of Mason in the State of Washington, that 
is to say: ' • 

Southeast quarter of Southeast Quarter (SE* of SE-M of SecHon am,,* (r\ n > 

or less; e ^servini » Sg ^^fl™^^^^ ™IT 
right to use the South iMast ?hirtv (30? f tv> 8 ! u S cess °™ *™ assigns, the 
wl th e the right to grant an llf^tl ^^^^^^^ 

together with the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise 
appertaining, subject to any easement or right-of-way in the public for any public roads 


mum, mmmim 

5)iicd©t£©sig§ Matlock is about 15 miles west of Shelton Shelton-Matlock Ed 0 and 
20 miles from lima and Montesaa© wis Brady 9 take the Brady-Matloek Rd. . 
— t 

' Use the MM Knight School, which is 3 miles sooth of Matlock , as a starting and 
/■ reference point to find the home sites 0 Many of the roads are still gravel. 


bar^t ~^ lL . . . Siweon Lccc ing Camp where they lived when £ j ; 

was Lorn in 1926. 

bb itb 1,11(1 b:b s :rb:rc rented a house from the school while b-oa >v t 

uae Man, 1941-1951. Birthplace of Sandra Sue. a- ua no 
^ b- th<a*, c but wag the third or fourth in from the road on the soi -X t :' v, 
of the school building, 

Helen and Aner Bateman's home when they were first married^ 1932 until 1943 
when they moved to Dryad. Birthplace of Norma, Gail and Asa Batemai « They 

red the 80 acre farm with Aner's parents Hatti and Asa 
in 1915. The current address is Rt 0 1, Box 138 f Elma, WA. 

Edith and Lynn Roderick's 80 acre property and home from 1951 to 1958. 
From here they moved to Montesano. The current address is Rt. 1, Box 139 , 

Elma, WA. 

llcmml and Ray Mason? The 1935 Metsker map shows this 30 acres belonged to D 
R. Mason. 

) Hazel aiacb ka^ LSasoa. Thought to be the site of the tent home they lived in 
from 1930-»1931i 18 months. 

i (I; .-tar J e b^rboi^r : j ",l:cl re later save to his son Ernie 0 Was 

1 fi brbba bjoaaboabi 3 towe r t r t , ig^: - c l<^3. 7lcxl bo ^ - I u o 

^Donald Creek near Port bncebes. 

• beter bb bcrrduoal L ;a Sd> acres rbicb Ire later rare ro his scir bester, u Pete G " 
Was c bbaro^o^rt Brrtb L r a-ib c £ nana fran b? t9'-b.a55. "Pete™ added the r0 
acres :r t~ chr ararert^ atant rtr car" ahrch abs: be : =a rc bis f 

fcr& ns bfee rt Q Brr^hataca af brbr arc brsarr b: ; ,tb. area rare t 
family moved to Pacific Beach. 

9)) Se« 

bbi bcei a, a- r : c : r -^rrasr: in I920 o 

ly Peter J. Nordwell's 40 acres sold in 1937. 

12) 'a orb Z'c^ , 7he Quick place they rented from 1931 and until the 

became hr^reb down in 1933 0 From here tl sy moved to Shelton. 

13/ Peter and Ruby Nordwell 155 -era faria br^ l« h° - ,] we ii 

Matlock farm. They lived there from bbi - 1 jobi it during 

the depression o The original house burned down in 1928 0 They biaLI t a n: 
house which became the home of daughter Mmim and Warren r bj ar < 
to 1959o The current address Rt Q 1, Box 143, Elma, WA e *From here the 
Kingery's moved to Elma 0 I ! < § tor dwell and 0 lem Kingery, 

Warren 9 s brothers each had 80 acre farms on the Mary m @ Knight Rd e near the 
Kingery Rd. 

14) Peter mac Wimfm b-ccbirc'O /7 40 acres, second Matlock property and home from 
1936 to 1956 when they moved to Elma. The area, -it: a-bress is Rt. 1, 
Box 144, Elma, WA. 

[l5) Hazel and Ray mason . . . Scott's place where they lived when Hugh was born 
in 1924. 

£:bar lI be l : .1 ^Icenbaa by tar ar:.^rclb- -,rds 1926 when it 

was consolidated with ethers into die Mary M G Knight school 0 


The effects of the depression were soon over 2 they settled into their new 
home 0 Later, Pete was able to trade a team of work horses, a wagon and 
harness for forty acres on what: is now called the Fish Hatchery Road and then 
he bought another forty acres nest to that place for a dollar an acre Q He 
gave one of these to 0G Pete/° which is where oo Pete 00 and Ruth lived for years 0 
He gave the other to Ernie. 

Daily life at Matlock was busy and the work was hardo Cutting and 
splitting wood for the wood stove , care of a big garden, berry picking, cow 
milking , sewing s field work, cookings and plenty of canning 0 Up to 200 ^ irt 
of blackberries were canned every year D Trips to Yakima in the family's 
Model T pickup brought back boxes of fruit, which meant 300 to 400 more quarts 
to can. The garden produce was canned «, They didn't have any luck drying or 
smoking beef so it was also canned 0 0 * the humid climate would spoil it 
before springe The pork was fried and packed in lardo 

While the kids lived at home they had those fun things to do, choree 0 
Anna became chief cook and bottle washer 0 The favorite chore of most 
everybody was to bring the cowe in 0 It meant a horse ride and a lot more 
excitement than washing dishes or sweeping the floor 0 For spending money, the 
children could hoe the long rows of strawberries 0 Five cents a row was the 
going rate which would buy a lot of firecrakers for the Fourth of July 0 

Being mischievous was difficult for the N' : 1 ds G What with both 
parents at home day and night, plenty of chores to keep the® busy and few, if 
any, neighbors e There just weren't many opportunities 0 But when Pete and 
V a ded to torn (Montesano), look out I Fortunately, they only went once 
or twice a month 0 The favorite misadventure was to take the Model T or the 
sedan, whichever was left hone, for a spin Q Sometimes, a wild spin. The keys 
were always left in the vehicles 0 Thieves were far and few between and they 
apparently never imagined their kids would drive without permission 00 Pete 00 
did most of the driving 0 One time, he let Helen drive and she ran off the 
road, which was narrow, graveled and rough 0 They hit a log and the sudden 
stop sent Edith and Mary flyingo eo Pete 9 s 00 comment wass 00 Stop crying or you 
can't come anymore! 90 Another time, the transmission went out about a mile 
from home 0 After the initial panic they heave-hoed and finally rolled the car 
into its spot in the garageo They prayed dad wouldn f t figure out what 
happened o Yet another time, George Sackrider was along for the ride and the 
end of his nose was cut off by a branch as they flew across the prairie „ 
Through all of this, Hazel and Anna stayed home, anguishing over the whole 
situation Pete and Ruby never found outo If they knew, they never brought 
it up to the kidSo 

Social life centered around the family , the Matlock Grange, church, and 
the children, of course, had their friends at school 0 At home, the games of 
finch and checkers were favorites . There was an old hand crank Victrola to 
provide music* The kids also raced the work horses to and from the fields, or 


wherever. If you wanted to win, you got on Topsy; she won most every time, 

QOt = -ciiily because she was the fastest, but because she was the meanest 
and would bite King if he. tried to pass! 

- r - — l/= ■ ■ ^ kcc aerlng Pete and Ruby were involved 

"^'V "» ,,,, " 2ci^ities but seldoii «ent :o t,^ . - (Il ^ LJ 

taosl of the club offices and at one t:uiie was the i - ^, : - : r 7r 
- ' 

1936. was a rough year. They of course lost their property and home, 
Earlier, a spring day sadly turned out to be one of the most import - 
for Ruby . . . she fell off the porch. Her ankle twisted, bent at- i, ^ 
up with a compun iA d inccure She wore a .„ L _ _ - , . - , 

she complained about it being itchy and not feeling right the doctors 
explained that was normal 0 2 ee— £±ly the cast came off . . . only to find an 
infection out of control. The next several months were spent in and out of 
5ilc " j " : " -luting the infection and trying to save the leg, but to 

December 18, 1937 to Olaf and Olive No rd well, Ruby wrote i 

" • • • My leg is all healed now but it cramps and hurts more 
so at night till I can't sleep and hate to see night come, I can 
walk by my self now on my crutches if I am careful* Well it is 
almost Christmas again. We got a fine Christmas present from our 
neigh s d friends, a check for $120.55 to helu buy my leg. It 
will cost $180. 

The Matlock communl ; heir s rr r L~ -:?iss ibe mcney 0 Early in 1938 
she apparently got her wooden leg. A hazard of having an artificial leg is 
scrapes, sores, bumps and bruises. If you get one you're immobilized. On 
25 > 1941 Rub Y wrote J "My leg got skinned so 1 can't wear my other leg and 
can ? t get around at all. Hope it heals up soon/ 1 Fifty years later Ruby's 
son-in-law Alvin Roderick got an artificial leg. While technology has 
supposedly improved he's found that with his diabetes, bumps and sores are an 
ongoing problem. 

The loss of her leg kept Ruby indoors and apparently led her into a more 
traditional domestic role, To me, as a grandson, I remember her most as an 
enthusiastic person #h< as al^<- u - t autifuJ detailed embroidery 

item 0 She also knitted and made quilt tops s She taught her granddaughter 
Gloria Roderick how to knit after they had moved to Elma 0 She started showing 
her craft at the Matlock Grange Fair, often winning first or second place 
ribbon. Ruby enjoyed going to church and went to the Christian Missionary 
Alliance with Warren and Anna Kingery. Pete, joined the church after they 
moved to Elma* 

By the late 1930 9 s their five girls were grown, married and living 
elsewhere. Ernie married in 1945 and "Pete" in 1949, "Pete" helped on the 
farm until then. The stories of Pete and Ruby 9 s children are presented in 
Chapters 13 through 20, Pete and Ruby were tied closely to their family. 


From her letters you could tell that Ruby liked having her children living 
nearby o They did a lot too for the kids 0 "Pete 00 and Ernie were given land, 
as mentioned earlier 0 When Anna and Warren were in Oregon and times were 
tough o Pete and Ruby encouraged them to buy their original Matlock farm next 
door and loaned them 10 cows o The early 1940 9 s of course brought World War 
II o A war in which every body s freedom was at stake 0 Fete and Ruby, like most 
had family in the service^ eo Pete 00 and Ernie, a grandson, Hugh Mason, and 
Melburn Nordwellp a nephew and son-in-law Ray Mason 0 

The federal government's Rural Electrification program started ghting 
up the countryside in the 1930 f s e It reached Matlock and the Nordwell's in 
1942 o The fact is Pete helped deliver the power 0 That is he bid on and got 
the contract for the 7HH miles of poles needed to run the wires between the 
Bat ernan place near school and the fish hatchery near Schaffer 9 s Park 0 In the 
1940 9 s and 50 9 s Pete sold trees and peeler poles from his place 0 

Pete also loved to peel cascara barko He'd come upon a good tree 9 peel 
it s roll the bark up and put it behind the saddle 0 He peeled bark until he 
moved to Elma 0 Hunting and fishing meant little to hia 0 Outdoors to him, as 
mentioned before , was riding herd on the cattle and all the plain hard work, 
satisfaction and fun that went with farming o 

Farming , of course , had Its hazards 0 Getting bucked off a horse was 
i i i s good for a laugh s if no one was hurto The winter of 1950 was severe by 
Matlocl t :andards« The temperatures got down to minus 15 degrees and the 
snow, which stuck around for over two months , was nearly 3 v. sepo The 

first snow brought two feet of the white stuffs so Pete went out to bring the 
cattle In from across the East Fork of the Satsop River 0 He got the cows Into 
the river and as he started across , his horse slipped and fell, and Pete 
ambled Into the Icy water. He grabbed for the horses tail but missedo The 
horse and cattle were across the river , and he was floating downstream 0 
Before long he grabbed a branch and pulled himself to shore 0 Soaking wet and 
nearly frozen, he took off his clothes and rung the water out of his wool 
long Johns the best he could 0 With his clothes back on, he began yelling and 
yelled some more. Roy Cassidy, a neighbor who was bringing in his own cattle,- 
heard him but thought he was hollering at his cows, so he went on his way 0 
With darkness and minus 4 degree temperature approaching s Grampa headed for 
the nearest cabin 0 He got to Otto Hansen's cabin and quickly built a fire G 
He tried to take off his boots but found they were frozen to his feet 0 He put 
his feet by the flame and waited for the thaw G 

Dry and somewhat rested , though still weak from the ordeal, Pete headed 
home at day break. That morning, his horse showed up at home wet and reins 
dragging on the ground 0 Everyone suspected the worse and took off to find 
himo Pete finally found a log across the river 0 Instead of trying to walk 
across the snow and Ice covered log he decided to play it safe . . • he 
straddled It, clearing his way as he crossed, Inch by Inch. Finally, the 
searchers found hlm 0 ss Pete, B0 who was driving snowplow for the County at the 
time, heard where his dad was and took off in the snowplow across the prairie 
to bring him home 0 Warren, In the meantime, ha 4 come across the cattle and 

1 M 

drove them home. Pete, thanks to his wool long johns and the cabin, only lost 
a big toe nail and lots of energy, though it took him more than two weeks to 
lJ y recover • 

Pete continued to farm into the mid 1950 f s @ As always, the cattle were 

for the winter's feed. The cattle were usually brought home before hunting 

< 1 . 1- - ll. L~ r L HCi ^iL.-:::hi co^dirJ U*i rhei.e - 

On March 15, 1942 in a letter to Olive Nor dwell, Ruby wrote : 

. . . someone that don ? t live here had turned out a herd of 
horses (which have) eaten up the feed till the cattle got so poor 
. . . They hauled in a cow and little calf today . I guess they will 
be all right now, but the others will have to be < *n in to and it 

takes lots of feed/ 8 

Hunting season also started to be a big \ blem as far as Ruby was 

cofiL-^nr-d 'Z- :., . - _„j ± . - _ -.. : - .. : kids 

and their families came up to hunt and visit, but feared the danger it 
brought. On October 29, 1950 she wrote: 

"We had 22 here last Sunday. Hazel and family and my grandson 
and family from Portland and 3 families from Seattle • . ." 

"There is one more week of elk season I am always glad when it 
is all over it is dangerous, we are hardly safe in ou . - - ~ , v;> 
the ^afcfc ~- ~\ v_ \ r..e - : ze:: ~rri£ yeai 

The birds and deer are so tame they come right in the yard and those 
city guys will shot any where . . • " 

Unlike his brother Olaf, Pete didn't like to hunt. He, of course, had 
plenty of steaks with all his beef and then there was always more work t ■ = 
n eded attention. Its been told that he simply didn ? t like guns or want 
anything to do with them. Just why, considering his earlier adventures, 
. ' a mystery, 

Pete was a good man but sometimes difficult to work with, even for the 
kids. He was quick to point out mistakes. To people he didn't care much for 
he didn f t hesitate to criticize; about their drinking or whatever. Ruby wa 
the opposite in this regard; she liked everybody and from her eyes few, if 
any, could do wrong. Pete never drank in his married life . . . maybe a beer 

) Ji a« jjuj ¥e. ^ o hi a ; , . . _ i < t m « ; \, « , 

been different. He reportedly told Hazel that he couldn't hold his liquor. 
""Mere was an impression that something serious happened that caused him to 
quit outright. Some speculate that his dislike of guns and liquor were 
^ouiehow linked. 

Pete was an independent soul and didn't hold well to laws and 
institutions. He wouldn't put his money in banks as mentioned before. 
Federal income taxes began reaching into the public pocket in 1917, Pete, 


however , never ever filed an income tax return, even though he should of 0 He 
never understood why Helen and Aner bothered to file a return in the late 
lie was older and lived in Elma he dro^ - alte 1 i3 license wasn't 
renewed. Part of his independence was related to his wc : _ jr. bi^self and 
living in relatively remote areas e Or was it the other way around? He of 
course always worked hardo He farmed onl itb to c-leg sd horse power 0 By 
th^ 3 940 9 s Topsy and King hud been replaced with Molly and Diek c 

On the lighter side, Pete, built his reputation as a notorious driver in 
the 193Q 9 s and 1940 f s e One afternoon Pete drove bub/ b^ab, Helen, Gail and 
Norma to town in the pickup. The adults crowded inside , Gail and Horaa 
dangling their legs off the back* At a stop sign, i ^ g=>j the elutdhu 

Another sudden start, only this time Gail was left at the stop sign 0 A piece 
down the road Sjnoy elbowB Pete and yells eo / r ij^ r„&o cr » the kids out, yon 
fool!" He also had the habit of coming up to a sice* :lgn stopping and taking 
off, but without looking o I remember this particularly /el- £ l/r they moved 
to Elmao L^'.va±ly s be xru i _ \ speedster and V ^ h " 1^ bad a good 
driving record o Far better than 90 percent of us who irare worried about his 
driving always watched in amazement at how well he survived out there on the 
road e 

In Octo i 1 4 Pete and Ruby celebrated their golden 7 dding i aiversary 
at the Matlock Grange 0 Ten years later they celebrated their 60th in Elma. 

In 1956 after 35 years at Matlock and a li Lme cf is □ g, Pete at age 
81 and Ruby at age 74 retired 0 They moved to Elma to a sm LI ouse at 212 
ch Street, Nine years later, both passed away 0 Both had spent their last 
several months in the Beechwood Nursing Home in Elma, and passed away in 
i I ^rdeen where they had been sent to the Sto Joseph Hospital. Pete on 
January 1, 1965 and Ruby, November 21 0 They lay at rest in the Masonic 
Cemetery just west of Elma® 

Ruby kept in close touch with her kids and their families. In the early 
19S0 9 s her arthritis got so bad that it took her all day to write. By then 
the telepb - jv- ' L V- „ r ncr poor hearing UmI c 1 . ^ nanications 

c at xfayo Still s l / c ew how many grandkids and ^i^tgrandkids she had 
and l 9 m told all their birthdays. 

In her letters she ores 

No^he., Jf lb'\2 

Ernie was home on furlough . . • "the family was home complete 
last Sunday, 33 of ns $ that was the first time in about 11 years and 
it is hard telling when it will happen again/ 0 

October 29, 1950 

. . we have 23 grandchildren and 5 great grandchildren 90 

13 f 

December 13 , 1951 

* « * wa have 4 nmw babies aiace last March, Anna and Letter 
each a boy, that makes 25 grandchildren and * * . ? great 
grandchildren » * * there are 53 1b the family now. '* 

• la 1965 when Ruby died ^te left behind, .29 grandchildren and 51 
great grandchi -Wren and her family :S if everyone a spouse is included 
stood at about 1.20* Twenty years later * * * does anyor , 

wmtum ' a : gue0Sf ' 


Posts ami his drag saw wagon 



£?~ he, Ruby* Ann®, Helen, Ha gel 

fin-/ Mary? Ernie ? 


Backt Lester, Ha^eX? B.uby f Pete. B? 
front? Anna, Mary,, '^r;- 

The jo^ng Mar dwells , * , H&ry 
C4) r Anna {10), Edith {2} f Hel« 
mi* tester {S), * , . 192.1 

Fete & lufef *a f» 

dly . * 

all 33 member a at 

Matlock during lr 



1, 3 4 2 « T h& £ * r t : - 

fcii&e in 

11 for ever 

^oni? to 

be together * 




Pete?. J... . Nprdvre 11, 

..._G-oMendl_le,_ Washington. 

you are advised that under date of 2f „-i u . 

" Commissioner of the General Land Office 

.. the 

' da y s from notice are allowed within which to comply 
with the requirements of the Commissioner, or to appeal from his 
deoiaioa to Secretary :r£ bhe r rite io3 and apon you] failm . R 
to take action within the time specified the case will be reported 
for appropriate action. — — — , — 
A copy of the decision is inclosed. ^ ~> 

Very respectfully, /{ 

- --p^----^--^-,^^^--------^ , Register . 

\ . r - 







" l >' : _ ;on/balis 

The Hazel & David Raj Mason and family— David Hubert, 
Gladys, Charles, Buelah; Hazel & Clyde Balis 

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ffezel Lc^o£ ves the first of Pete and Ruby 9 s nine children. She was born 
in >s_ aL<" on their farm outside of C-cl^ ^- ■ L - ^ L i t 4t a 

ii her bi. :„„-L'-. \ \ '^2:^ -a-_ . ' . c srefetern 

Washingt a EriaOIv :~ _j.£ - - ,\- .31- -i:^:: j i,v: had 1 -, -~>tij ooved c< 

then to K 'jrc^aano. Ife^! had : = i;i,:.'i'ied to her son Hugh that the f-Jtl • 

' ' ' 1 "ivls in Montesano. For Hazel that meant made cLuthes on a 

1 g ] e c v ^ s y c r ^/-:': r -, i _ - ; i .l^ . ~ : _ anna He 

and Lester were but tykes and not old enough to aj if A . c such luxuries. 

MItJi ck'i decyh - ; lliam, Hazel became the older sister to the 

six that arrived later. She was seven years older than Anna, the neii ■■■iaest. 
Che Luxuries were the advantages of being the oldest at that timt. '^u.' tlur 
was a majoj disa,>] u e. The age difference meant helping h^r w.otbp.r with 
0 l (h 1! in )« 1 ir , n - f o , - , 1 1® chores. 

Hazel completed the first seven grades in Montesano and completed the 
eighth, ninth and tenth grade while the family was alfalfa E< a: lj aeai 
Orland, California. In 1921 the family returned to Washington, settling near 

Hazel was a whiz at school like the other Nor dwell kids but didn f t 
graduate . . . mainly because there was no high school to go to in the Matlock 
ares ; i f ~ y I ■-/>:'£ r / ~ - .. ' - - - r f . <,ok - baby 

sitting job with the Gleasons near Brady. Mrs. Gleason taught school so Hazel 
lived there " 1 < r- -> ^ 1 < / 1 of the t^ r yo\'< ; ( .'"cren. 

It was about this time that she met Ray Mason and a year later, on 

K^i ;oi with Dal, > : c rl ' * - " " r f . Jrsn as w: re^res, 

Ray ras : 1 , - ~_ - ^ a . ii ow log camp 

to log camp. His dad, Charles, was born in England in 1865, Charles ,. s 

brothers, Dave, Dick and Sam lived on the streets of London and when they were 


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10 or so they were said to have been shanghaied onto a boat and taken to 
Canada o There they would be put to work later but first they were put in a 
Catholic boarding school until they were old enough to work, which was about 
age 14 o Charles snuck off to Michigan^ however and went to work in the woods 
and sawmills as a laborer 0 Work days were 18 hours | 6 days a week and wages 
just enough to survive on 0 Dave went to work as a cook on a ship working is 
the Great Lakes 0 Dave and Charles lost track of their brothers Sam and Dicko 

On July 16, 1888, at age 23, Charles married fifteen year ©Id Martha 
Lavina Clearwater in the town of Alcoua, Michigan*, Martha was the daughter of 
William and Almina Clearwater, of Polish descent 0 Almina°s father was a 
soldier in the Union Army during the Civil War 0 In June, 1900 Ray Mason was 
born in Detroit 0 Somewhere along the way Charles and Dave got together and 
arrived in Washington state on April 14, 1907 0 

For the most part Dave and Charles worked the log camps, Charles in the 
woods and Dave stayed with cooking 0 Each operated a forty acre farm four 
miles south of Shelton near Lake Isabella 0 Charles died in 1940 or 1941 when 
he was hit by a hit and run driver not far from his farm Q When David died he 
deeded his property over to Hazel 0 

All of Pete and Ruby's kids would have to be considered poor, at least 
through the 1940 9 s o They had a lot, but it wasn't money nor material goods 0 
When Hazel and Ray married, Hazel moved from the poor into poverty 0 

At first Hazel and Ray lived about a half mile from Peter and Ruby. They 
rented a house on the Sam Scott place directly across the road from the 
Scott's house o The house was stark but the times were goodo They had family 
and friends over often during the summer for picnics, baseball games and 
socializing*, On February 28, 1924, Hugh became their first childo His birth 
was truly a family affair*. Hazel went to her mothers for the delivery and her 
mother-in-law, who was a midwife, made the delivery 0 Hugh reportedly entered 
to world at 11 §45 p 0 nio . <, . .15 minutes later and he would have been a 
February 29, baby 0 

Ray continued to work the log camps around Shelton and Matlock 0 Getting 
a job and getting laid off was all a part of the routine at the camp D But Ray 
seemed to take a lot longer than most to find the next job. This life style 
meant moving around a loto When Gladys was born on June 11, 1926 they were 
living at Simpsons Camp 2 near the Mary M G Knight School 0 When Charles was 
born on January 5, 1928 they were living somewhere around Matlock but he was 
born in Shelton 0 Hazel went to the Shelton Hospital for delivery but the 
hospital was under major repair and the maternity ward was a tent next to the 

The depression wasn't that bad on Hazel and her family . . • they 
couldn't get much poorer 0 When it arrived the five of them were already 
living in a large three room canvas tento They moved in September about the 
time Hugh started the first grade at Mary M 0 Knight . The tent sat in the 
woods on 40 acres on the hill, about a mile north of Pete and Ruby's, next to 


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4) ^fj ^ ° * ^ SiapS ° n L ° 9ging Caffl P where <*ey "ved when Gladys 

© K-r,: and Ray Mason? The 1935 Metsker map shows this 30 acres belonged to D 

(D Hazel and Ray Mason. Thought to be the site of the tent home they lived in 
from 1930-1931; 18 months. Y 

Hazel and Ray Mason. The Quick place they rented from 1931 and until the 
! m •",<--;< • jMjif < ( ,t down in 1933. From here they moved to Shelton. 

3 and Ray Mason . . . Scott's place where they lived when Hugh was born 
in 1924. 

For the location of all our relatives in the area and driving directions see 
Matl- * r--n;> hi Qhaptez 12. 

Ernie 5 a acreage^. They lived there for a year and a half 0 0 • through two 
winters o As far as anybody knows they were squatters on the property 9 living 
there without permission nor paying rente Life in the tent wasn 9 t much 
different than in the houses they had been living 0 Each place had the 
essentials 9 a stove and bedding 0 But the tent was harder to keep heated , the 
walls flapped in the wind and leaked more often 0 

During these lean times they picked ferns getting 1/2 cent t© 1 cent a 
buneh e They also peeled bark with the younger lordwell kids getting about a 
cent a pound 0 Their Uncle 00 Pete GO really loved to visit the® in the tento It 
was a big day the kids could get permission to ride the work horses up to 
Hazels and spend the day c At most theyM be able to go up there once a weel 
and would ride double and at other times take turns on the horses 0 

In 1931 they moved to a house on the old Quick place next to Pete and 
Ruby s . During the next few years the family experienced a variety of 
accidents that had lifetime impacts 0 While living nesct to his Grandpa Pete 
(Nordwell) 2 Hugh spent a lot of time helping on the farm 0 One day in 1929 
Hugh P Hazel and Ray were grinding dried cascara bark 0 Hugh was turning the 
crank and Hazel was feeding the machine when it jammed . Hazel reached in to 
unclog it when the gears turned accidentally 0 Her middle finger on the left 
hand was mangled „ The finger was set s t tight and appeared to be doing fine 0 
Then one day she bent it forward to kind of test it out c It never came back 0 
lever! She adjusted to that pretty wello It only slowed the speed 5 but 
didn 9 t stop her from doing her embroidery 9 crochet s and making the kids 
clothes and wl \ s 

On Lincolns birthday in 1931 9 Hugh was age 7 and his 8 year old Uncle 
Ernie were going hunting with their homemade bow and arrows 0 Ray dulled the 
arrows for them and sent them on the hunt 0 A few minutes later one of Ernie 9 s 
arrows had hit Hugh in the right eye c He remains legally blind in that eye 
today o An operation to correct the damage in 1965 failed to do any good 0 

Later that year Hugh § Ernie , Edith and Gladys were playing cowboys and 
Indians out by the roado Gladys had a stick and in the scurrying around she 
fell and the stick poked her in the left eye 0 The eye was treated and patched 
but soon became infected . The eye was taken out for fear that the other eye 
would also get infected 0 

A bright spot during this stretch was July 31 9 1932 9 the day Buelah was 
born D But within a year it was back to calamaties e ■ « a chimney fire took 
hold and soon raged out of controlo Their house 9 furniture 9 clothes and 
personal belongings were all turned to ashu 

They movedo This time to the Mason 9 s farm near Shelton. Lind Nordwell 
Burns 9 Ernie 9 s daughter lived on the Mason property for six years before 
moving to their current home about a mile away 0 While there , Hazel and the 
family went on welfare 0 Only the very poorest people could qualify during the 
depression Along with the check s they had a goat and a few chickens to help 
get them by e That Christmas Hazel decided she 9 d have dinner at her house. 



Home of Ray 8 s parents, Charles - . - \ - < ■ ;.or, -^utl'V , t:: 2 907. 

Hazel — ; - ' - : ' ; . . . t c <> lf $J rr - ?i ,r r ,jl 

places in Sheltoru 

Ra] s Uncle David Mason's 40 acre farm. This property was deeded to Hazel 
Non'V l1 Mason upon David's death, 

(5) Current 47 acre home of Ernie Nordwell 9 s daughter Li*n> -jvri v\^r-c i.v.nm. 0 
Prior to moving here they lived on the Mason homesteads for 6 years. The 
current address is 1431 W Q Delight . . . about h mile after he pa ement 
ends and just before the BPA power lines G 

PijreotioEuss Located off Highway 101 between Shelton and 01ympia o From 
Olympia it is about 20 miles 0 Take the first Sh LI n exit 

• ' h lr V < T me r ton) and go left back under the freeway. Follow Golden 
1 >f < ~>nt Rd. about a mile and turn right onto Delight Park Rd. and Lake 
Isabella and the BPA substation. Just 2/10 of a mile on Delight turn left 
onto Kelly Rd. It was narrow, paved and when I drove it. The 

property starts at the end of the pavement, about 2/10 of a mile down 

1 : 

Her parents and her younger brothers and slaters joined in the celebration 
along with the Masons 0 Everything was on the rickety table and it was time to 
eato A couple of minutes later the table leg broke and the food crashed to 
the floor o 

In 1934 Ray joined the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corp) s one of President 
Franklin Roosevelt 9 s job creating efforts during the depression 0 So it was 
off welfare and on to Self air in Jefferson County where Ray was to be 
assistant camp cook 0 After a year there Ray was promoted to head cook but 
with that came another move 0 This time the family went to Wintrop in Okanogan 
County o There they were provided a house 9 for a small rente Eastern 
Washington was fun for the kids 9 swimming was of course a favorite pastime in 
the hot climate o One afternoon when all the kids were swimming 9 Gladys made 
one of her spectacular dives 0 When she came up a friend noticed her glass eye 
had disappeared o The frantic kids made a frantic search^ seemingly to no 
avail o Then they realized that it hadn't fallen out but had simply turned in 
the socket • 

After two years in the CCC the family moved 9 first to the Mason 9 s place 
near Shelton and then to a house on Euclid Street in Centralia 0 Six months 
later they moved to 914 South Silver Street 0 During the time Ray and also 
Hugh worked for the Simpson Brothers Logging railroad sect: m erew 0 

By the 193G 9 s Hazels teeth were in bad shape and getting worse 0 She 
couldn 9 t afford to get the new teeth she needed 5 so her dad stepped in Q He 
gave her a calf with the idea that she 9 d sell it and get herself some d€ ml ares e 

When war broke out in 1941 Ray joined the Navy and became a cook for the 
See BeeSo The See Bees were an advance construction group that built air 
fields , docks and anything else that was needed 0 Ray 9 s group bounced around 
the Pacific^ hitting on New Caladonia^ New Guinea and several other islandso 

Back in Centralia the kids were growing up fasto Hugh was out of school 
and had joined the Army Air Force 0 Because of his eye he was stationed 
stateside o Charles had up to three paper routes and Buelah was approaching 10 
year of age G Hazel went out and got a job at the Woolworth store which sat at 
209 No Tower Avenue 0 For most of the war she worked in Woolworth 9 s hardware 
department until they closed 0 She then worked for the Ben Franklin store 
which was located near the corner of Tower Avenue and Pine Street 0 

That left Gladys, who was about 16 to do the cookings cleaning and most 
of the other chores at home 0 One night Gladys proceeded to tell Hazel how 
unfair she thought the chore assignments were c On top of this Gladys said she 
wasn 9 t doing them anymore 0 Hazels response was silent but effective . Gladys, 
who was by the sink § suddenly found herself on the other side of kitchen c 
Hazel had spoken 0 

A couple of years later Hazel showed other parts of' her personality | 
determination and cunning 0 Hugh had been dating a neighbor Merline McKay and 
gave her a ring before he left for the service 0 In 1945 when Hugh came home 


on furlough the ring was in his pocket . . . Merline had sent it back. Hazel 
> up a 5:30 p.m. supper for Wednesday and insiste be ck.r,,;,, , 

. *• . A Unbeknownst to the other, both ..V . ■, j f 

\ ! id. The meal was quiet, at least Hugh and Merl ver s> • .t. • .-ac-k 

\. r , Charles says "I'll walk Marline home . ,f ~ - >acts, "No 
It worked, on Saturday they were mar: edl 

In the meantime Ray was having a tough time. His cook shack was bombed 
by the Japanese while he was on Mew Caladonia * Running for ,■/-•■ lk iui^ieJ 

: • t !l ^g into the foxhole* He escaped serious \ :■ J^.^ c «j, 

• • • r totally ... so he was sent to a hospital for treatment. Then 
' :rtj - f ' •i'"''-'' bobbed. Again he escaped injury but the fear anc . v aguish 

of A-;> friends, set him back further. This time Iter- ^ set 

to a hospital in San Diego. On July 7, 1944 he returned to civilian life but 
never fully recovered. Hugh and only a few others were ever able to have 
i L' * v"-^-:' rdiy A y in a January 27, 1947 i,,;,,, t 0 

• s j- rrot "Ray Mason is still awful nervous, 1 i ubt if he ^iAj 

be ver Y well/ 8 Hazel and Ray never reall . ^ _ ,- : ,^ <L H it-> lA 
i 1 -"-' 7 A:ed but didn't Le«_ j-ie offic 1 - \ y L mtl\ 1953. l„ 

away at age 72, in 1972, He spent most of his time ar- : ; tJ ; in, 
ch.ldOiA. He worked in a pi; ^>-! mill for a while and did wori and - 

By the end of ^ v_ r '. ^ . _ a family 0 Buelah 

'-j now doing most of t:-- told chores and Charles was In _ 

"■-* r ' : : ' ' > - - -"- ■ ~ L ~- . "V-i -2 i-c-! pretty ^ on htr o i 

— Ae > as a fry cook at Art and Bill's which was , - *t ■ 

■ ■ T - 1 < of :< - . jv\ ^ Their specialty, v T'^' ^ ,< v Ar, r^.r 
---- - ~ f f~ r the beef was. Hazel started seMlofi Clyde Balis in *> ^5 

born in Nebraska and was living in Centra 1 . v.- . uj^h for T 

■ 3,,-i at the time. In 1947 Hazel, Clyde and Buelah moved 

^lyd i r i tck for Pacific Sand and Gravel, About a year later they mo\ 

to 'c/^ 0 c Clyde had landed , , , 1 : " ;; Interstate 

Freight Lines. He did minor repairs, replaced light bulbs, washed trucks and 

the like . They lived about a block from th* r < y treet. 

Hazel went down to the Woolworth store and got on as a clerk in the 
t,, " / ' -y and soft goods department. After several years there she was ti red of 
r" ig and i-v? > 

After a break she wanted to go back to work and became a fry cook again. 

■ n't long >. ' ^ she decided that wasn't for her. 

Some time in 1952 she and Clyde decided to get married . . . but first 
Hazel had to get divorced. That became final on February 13, 1953. Among 
other things the divorce papers decreed that , neither Ray nor Hazel could 
mar , r; L i;jvJc~T person for at least six months. So it wasn't until August 15, 
1953 that Hazel and Clyde were married in Centralia* 


Two years later Hazel became quite ill 0 The frightening isis was 

cancer of the female organs 0 She was very sick for longer than anyone wants 
to remember o She took radium treatments and X-ray treatments 0 Through all 
this nothing had to be removed and amazingly she was pronounced cured in 1965 . 

Not long after that they left Portland and Clyde went into const ructlon 0 
They moved up to Cougar , Washington near Mt 0 Sto Helens where construction on 
the Swift Greek Dam was underway 0 After the job they moved their trailer over 
to RufuSg Oregon where Clyde had a job on the John Day Dam 0 There Clyde did 
several jobs including driving the water truck which was used to keep dust 
down o Reportedly he and the man on the other shift had been complaining about 
drive ability of the truck but nothing was done 0 Then on the way down an 
incline on July 12, 1965 Clyde lost control of the trucko The water shifted 
and disaster was Imminent 0 Clyde unhooked his seat belt to abandon the truck 
but his foot got tangled in the peddles and the truck rolled, over on hlm 0 

Hazel who was now 60 s moved the trailer to Trailer Village on Harrison 
Street in Centralla G For income^ she had social security and State Industrial 
Insurance payments from Oregon 0 

"In retirement" Hazel continued to enjoy her knittings crocheting and 
embroidery o She also joined her sisters Helen and Mary at the bingo games 
whj ! became very popular in the 1960 9 s and 70 9 s Q They also headed to Reno 
- hen they got the chance 0 They took their first trip to Nevada on an Eaglei 
CI i car bus out of Ghana lis around 19?Q 0 None of them got rich on that trip; 
but they did learn their way around so they drove themselves on future trips 0 

In 1969 Hazel sold her trailer and moved into the la lob k ^rtments on 
the 300 block of North Tower Avenue 0 After 5 years s February 12 9 1974 to be 
exactj she moved over to the Lewis and Clark Apartments located at Magnolia 
and Pearl o This time on the third floor 0 It was recently redecorated and had 
an elevator o She had been on the second floor at the Cannon but xfas now 
starting to have a hard time getting around and negotiating steps . Over the 
next few years her mobility diminishedo Helen^ and Hugh and Merline helped 
Hazel with her shopping, going to bingo , the doctors and where ever c 

The doctor didn 9 t really come up with anything significant . . 0 
borderline diabetes and old age 0 In the fall of 1980 Hugh and Merline built a 
room on the back of their home on 1009 E Street and Hazel moved Into It In 
October o Four months later she entered the hospital » Exploratory surgery 
discovered a reoccurrence of the cancer she had In the late 1950" s 0 A second 
surgery Implanted a shunt pump which helped replenish the proteins she was 
loosing o Twenty-three days after entering Centralia General she passed away 
at 2 §20 a emu on February 4 S 1981 « Today she lies In rest nest to Clyde In the 
Strlcklln Greenwood Memorial Park at 1822 Van Wormier In Centralia . 


GXa% with patch I cousin 
Bonnie - 11 


.ael % family § i 
J Mer line Mason? Ha^el^ 
Glady * Ken Madoche f Bob 
& Buelah Groc$ ^ I 

Mary anna Mason 

1 H 

Easel * a female descendants 

E%:z®l- m male d^Ec^ndan^ 




John and William were Pete and Ruby 1 s second and third children. Both 
were born on the Goldendale farm and both fell victim to diphtheria . Like 
many illnesses that are unheard of today, diphtheria was dreaded well into the 
1900 f s. Diphtheria is an acute contagious infection that affects young 
children. The initial phases often resembled that of a mild cold s so early 
diagnosis was elusive 0 Diagnosis was further complicated because the patient 
was usually too young to express what was happening. Even if it were 
diagnosed early, the verdict was often the same . . . just a matter of time. 
In the 1920 8 s an effective antitoxin and testing had reached all corners of 
the US and ended the serious threat it brought to young children and the fear 
it brought parents. 

Hazel had mentioned that the loss of the two boys really affected their 
father. He seemed to be more mellow and personable to his children after 
their deaths 


The Anna s Warren Kingery family— Mary, Evelyn, 
Ruth, Ester, Paul, Earl, Orlen 

Anna Marie Nor dwell was the fourth child of Pete and Ruby. She was born 
.brril 16, 1912 at their home near Montesano. With the death of John in 19-' > 
o. William in 1913 she became the only sibling of Hazel who was eight in 

She soon became the family cook. She started high school in 1926, the 
year the two-room Wayside School consoli J with Ms.--; Knight. The s 
■curr" :;: sz basically the three R*s; Reading, ¥--i'cin t and Arithmetic, 

: ~ -> r "e--^ -z±„cs-.: as l--a— acai^. ,aav- 

afc —-ting and won a Rice Pe-cv- c • J -v-hieh she still has. She &1 ; 

= aag in the school choir. In May of 1930 Anna and seven other girls beca 
the first -vsT evo.-'a-il-A^r ,~\ P3B at Mary M . Knight. For rec Lft cii-;;' „ , 

Is basketball at the logging camp recreation hall which was about a 
due west the school. The camp also had movies and held dances wl ' ,- ' 


During Anna's high school days a young fellow named Warren B. Kingery was 
- ..i.iiif, for Lan j- Hce at the fish hatchery near what is now Jr! , , t < u 
Park. Warren came to Washington State in October 1928 from L n nd, 
L,n,M>n :,"wan. There Warren's father Jay and grandfather David farmed a 480 
acre ranch c, 'I, ML a3- , c i( o U L 120 ^ilej v?est r* , nr, 0 The Kingerys 
" f ? f ,,f ' ii • 1 ' ' 1 ' ' rj 7 - in, h: , - "o g „ 7/rs ' iu 

]hv " « jbMr 1 l>s ,; ; - ; " ' s ; :« ±e he tsiwhf 

school for a while and later went back to being a shoecobbler. When he 
married Mary Loucinda Fuller they bought an 80 acre farm 8 miles from 
Logansport, Indiana. David and Mary had five children including Jay, Jay 
married Fanny Edna Brady, they were farmers most of there lives". They had 
three offspring Warren (1906), Lyman (1906) and Hiram (1908). 

The Kingerys and 12 others Logansport families moved to Lus eland in 
1908. In Luseland the Kingerys grew grains and raised lots of hogs. The 
early 1900' s was the time when automation was only beginning to appear on the 
farm. Most travel and work was still done by either horses or oxen. Four to 

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• 1 *" ' " : 1 1' of work for those tV,_ - - -?& it. »* _c. >zot his ti , 

job in 1915, at age 11. 


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Lus eland was flat with harsh winters o Since there was no electrical 
wiring 3 no indoor plumbing and the land was flat, moving any home, barn or 
even school wasn D t much of a problem., They simply put skids underneath and 
hitched a team to the skids and the move was on 0 

The harsh winter meant school had to be held in the summer o Warren took 
in 8 summer sessions at the Heiland schoolo Elsie Ringery, Warren 0 s aunt, was 
a teacher at the schoolo 

After 12 years on the prairie David, Mary and their daughter Elsie moved 
to Attalia near Richland, Washington in 1920c 

in 1928 Warren came west and went to work at the fish hatchery 0 By 1929 
he and Anna were da ting o They'd go to dances, Grange events and movies at the 
log camp. Of course their romance was serious and they were marriedo On 
Friday, November 3, 1931 Pete and Ruby butchered a beef o On Saturday they 
were off to deliver half to Larry Rice at the fish hatchery and the other half 
in Montesano. At the fish hatchery Larry or his wife come out with? B0 Hear 
you 8 re getting a new son-in-law today"" Anna had neglected^ to ^ tell her 
parents of her plans 0 That afternoon Anna and Warren were married in Shelton 
at the courthouseo That evening when they returned home Ruby was crying and 
Pete was upset at losing his favorite cooko 

Anna and Warren moved into the vacated Wayside school just up the road 
from her folks. The two-room school had a kitchen and quarters where the 
teachers had livedo 

In April 1932 they joined Warren 0 s parents on a 480 acre farm near 
Eugene, 0regon o Six weeks later on May 17, Mary, their first child was born 
at the rancho Jay had traded the Luseland farm for the Oregon ranch in 1932 . 
With the deal came 400 sheep and $10,000 of debtSo They sheared the sheep, 
sold lambs and raised hogs, wheat and oats 0 The 1930 f s were rough times and 
the depression and the $10,000 debt took its toll as farm prices plummeted. 
They couldn't give their pigs away so they turned them out in the oat fields 
to cut expenses. Within two years, they lost the placeo 

Anna and Warren moved to nearby Springfield where Warren ^ took any job he 
could come up witho He did yard work, worked on farms, anythingo One of his 
jobs was to broadcast seed in fields 0 He covered 20 to 25 acres a day but 
these were of course long days 0 Evelyn was bom while they were in 
Springfield on March 2, 1934. 

Warren landed a construction job out of Oakridge about 50 miles SE of 
Eugene. They lived up there for about two years while Warren worked on the 
High Willamette Pass, a part of State Highway 58 . He worked for three 
different contractors doing everything from hand labor to driving truck. As 
one job ended he moved to another contractor, this way he was able to work 
through the entire projecto 

When those jobs were over the family moved to Santa Clara, a small 


community 4 miles from Eugene. Today its a part of Eugene, There , Warren got 
Into the building trades doing common labor and semi-skilled work. He worked 
on the Fern Ridge flood control and irrigation dam 16 miles SW of Eugene* He 
worked as a brickmason while helping install two large boilers in a sawmill 
i l >l J 1 - i ':r.d on the roof of University of Oregon f s McArthur Court* 

nna was finding herself busier all the time* By 1933 she had four small 
.M k j i ^ike care of with the addition of Ruth on January > 1 ^th> ■»■ 

i — . ^ *er 13, 1937. While renting at Santa Clara 5 Anna got her fir ^ 
of modern conveniences « They had electricity, running water and indoor 
r iMUhni t ■ She set aside her old washtub and washboard in favor oi a shi d « 
new M mt ■ uiery Wards wringer-washer they bought for $78* 

After Esther was born they bought a five acre parcel in the nearby 
i f i. , , . . lie district* Warren started to built a 16 5 x 20 1 barn on L'\- 
place* The first year it had no roof. At the suggestion of the neighbor he 
idded 12 feet to each side and the barn became their 40 * x . » > - 

icive acres also became a mini-farm. They had a large garden; l ; 0 to 

^ '0 baby chicks each year 5 dressing out half as friers and kept the rest as 
, Anna did a lot of the work around the farm as well a- ■ , : L - 

i:.dc3i oh„r% c f-r t-- ^ f ' -1- : e ^* : -1: ^liUr^ with the arviuil 

of Paul on «j" ; - - : _ ■ .. h _ tne first 

jf the Gingery kids to be born at a hospital. 

The de; \ - . >j> a ,Ji on as World War II began and ^.-j:^.:- 7 c a 

real It slow in the Eugene :ea most of 1941. Anna and Warren had actu&ll 7 
■A Sa 1 Te back to Ma":'. 1 ^ --7: the time F,-:r^ my V - Lv „ When he was 
thteo old th - - I'^iIl few belongings and six kids into their 19^ 

p:i ' and Cv-;%s H^rd^oll 0 s truck. They s~V:: v 1 next door to Pet 
•r : Tji- , ~ the I'u>:;:'>'ell 1 s had lost in the d- _- lion, Pete £ 1 ^ 
f-iM-j ig their children living nearby and to help get Anna closer they loa id 
th^ro 10 cows* This way they 9 d have an income from the milk. They'd split t < 
calves from the 10 cows so they could build their own herd. 

Warren 9 s brothers Lyman and Hiram were also in the Eugene area and came 
up to Matlock about the same time as Warren and Anna® The three of them and a 
neighb < - r , vcig and land clearing business. Within two 

years Lyman and Ezie dropped out of the business* Warren and Bi rirm « in tinned 
on. i< • ^ 11 / j " < » ' "< c r. '>,: v - 1 ( 1 r a 

.mil i f 1 - 1- mil 1 11 I'. 1 1 > - 1 /- . - . - 

For Anna, the move to Matlock meant giving up electricity, the wringer 
washer and the other conveniences . Actually they got electricity in June 1942 
just six months after arriving in Matlock* But they didn* t get indoor 
plumb in . , ] 19! 2 tfhen they hired Bob Kramer to put it in. With this came 
hot water and the return of the wringer washer. Anna didn f t get an automatic 
v^b< !. and dryer however until 1964 when they lived south of Elma. 

The Kingery f s took on a lot. The logging business - - ~ <t Vi^x en 

busy 5 but he found time to be on the school boar ~ " 1 *- ;■ <--._■ ; "e a 

IS 7 


H©te?g Had& Sd 1 o BqmMKQ ° 1 nil© 

© Peter aroxS EMby L^oorl J£S r^re faoi 0 This is the original lordwell 
Matlock farm 0 They lived there front 1921 to 1937 when they lost it during 
the depression The original house burned down in 1928 0 They built a new 
house which became the home of daughter Mmm §mSL W^wzmn JKimgmKf from 1942 
to 15'59o The current address Rt c 1, Boss 143, Elma, WJU From here the 
lingery°s mowed to Elma 0 Birthplace of Ernie Hordwell and Orlen Kingery 0 
Warren °s brothers each had 80 acre farms on the Mary M c Inight Rd 0 near the 

(D Fish hatchery inhere Warren worked when he first cane to the area and mat 
tea Nor dwell 

For tbm location of all our relatives in the area and driving ^matlonm see 
Matlock map isa r _ xbk 12. 

IS 8 

recall election. Anna certainly had plenty to do with a large family and 
i-'L-e. The kids kept the farm going* Evelyn and Ester helped Anna with the 
i^co:- chores. Ruth arid Mary fed the chickens, slopped the hogs and milked 
the 3 to 5 cows. When Paul got old enough he took over feeding the chi I i s 
u . ■_ Me hogs, and when Mary left, milking the cows* When Earl got 
ol I noi gh he then t ok over some of the chores . 

On March 11, 1951 their seventh and last child, Orlen, was born he was 

Warren says he took on too much, simply spread too thin* In 1955 things 
caught tip with them s both the log business and farm went under. Beef prices 
fell to about half w al 11 ; _ _ m and logging was always a stru 
' ^BSs Warren got back into heavy construction, driving graders , cats, 
backhoes or whatever was needed. Near Seattle he helped convert a Niki< 
missile site to he 3 e Polaris ballistic missiles. He also helped build 
ammunition igloos (storage) at Fort Lewis and in 1956 worked on the Mudd J 
section of the freeway between Olympia and Aberdeen. By 1957 Warrei 
? 7'^rl.^.Eg for El Monte 1 1 1 _ store, now Bayview, in Elma. He de d ered 
- i j also worked at the batch plant, In 1959 they traded thais /tiLvt 

with _ yl Z^ 5v„ a L^ae at the corner of Anderson and Third Street in EItna 0 
5="c and Tiebv 5ad - : to Elma in 1956 and by now Warren's parents had also 
Qe'zcled in EIr*& j! had moved from Eugene to Mc ;:i ic in the late 1940 9 s« 

^ ,*c c later, in October I960, Warren and Anr„c- became the 
wnenp^'z € jr~ ' : - v « new blue Chevy B? "yi>, The Time Service. 

ti^u,^ " " : _ 'j and Idaho gave raffle cicfceLa to their 

customs . ^ .1.- L'jlm-s , ;une-up, grease job, etc. One of their Li - ;s 

- ' 'u th<_ c , j^-' c ;i , - car • 

In 1963 they moved again. This time to a 15 acre property about three 
Firies south of Elma on what is now 148 South Bank Road, By this time six of 
there seven children were pretty much on their own, Anna with a full array of 
modern conveniences and only Warren and Orlen around the house , started to 
eh~ t S< m her hobbies and participate more in the church. She now had the time 
to spoil her grandchildren and do her needle work and crocheting in earnest. 
She is now working on 26 afghans she has committed to do for their 7 kids and 

19 Ms* So far 20 have been completed. 

Anna and Warren's life has evolved around family, church and work* Pete 
-| c ? >' 1 ' i " • i 5 !<' - r- i t uij i^yr, >n i -r^ } ; coi > 1 ' ^ mi 

Liu W, i r n u-J . i 1 m > ! - ' ( jn„ lU - < f fx 

Christian Missionary Alliance Church in Elma in 1953. Once they moved to 
Elma, Anna became the Secretary for the church board and kept the duties for 

20 years. She also began attending the ladies annual spring retreat. In 1961 
she became the church custodian receiving $5 per month. Today 24 years 
later, she and Warren get $100 a month for the work, Warren has been an usher 
in the church 48 years , retiring as the head usher on December 31, 1984. For 
years he has been a member of the Board of Trustees, and Financial Secretary 
ic - r s i as "assistant 11 custodian. 



Mofcve ° Zi^fA S^siicorq, ^©pair© = 1 mild 

Bos 128-148 0 

For the local ton of all our relatives in the area and driving directions see 
South Elma map in Chapter 18. 

After a couple of years south of Elma they moved back into town 5 they 
bought Warren 0 s folks home at 1423 W c MartiHo Jay had passed away in August^, 
1968 and Fanny in September of 197_?. 

By the late 1960 c s Warren was approaching 65 so in 1968 they bought a six 
lot parcel o On three lots they built a ^retirement 00 home which included a 
large work shop in the basement 0 The houses roof and exterior was contracted 
and Warren completed the interior work 0 On the other lots he built a 9B spec" 
home which they soldo They sold the property at 1423 Wo Martin to their 
daughter Mary and Llyod Kimmerlyo In 1969 s at age 65 9 Warren retired after 
11 1/2 years with El Monte /Bayview 0 He set up shop in his basement and 
remodeled several homes around town. 

With Social Securi ty 3 their retirement income was not large* This along 
with the rules which limit the amount of money you can earn without penalty; 
that is giving half to the Social Security Administration,, they found the 
retirement home mortgage more than they wanted to handle • Inflation was 
beginning to run rampant in the early 1970 s s and that didn 1 t help them 
financially either^ So s in October 1972 they moved for the ninth time since 
their marriage c This time to their present home at 318 South 5th street in 


After age 72., Social Security rales allows you to eara all you can 
without a. penalty. So in 1976 Warren went, back to the Bayview batch plant on. 
a part-time basis * He had all the work, he wanted during the construction of 
the Sat sop nuclear power plant in the late 1970 *s and early 1980* 8ow at 
age 80 he has chose to be retired; at least 95 percent of the time* 

Anna and Warren* a life have been active and remains so» Both are active 
in the church » travel to visit relatives , and are puttering with their 

iifff 111 

Anna & Warrea with da«fht#r la^f 

mtm? ifrmlya, Mmrf Or lan, lath, f wl, Mlmh 
Qrmgm Hall? 1981 


17 3 


; 0 o Q o°n 0 X 0 o 0 o a o 0 o°o 0 Q 


The Helen & Aner Bateman family — Norma, Gail F &sa 

tfei'^ bora in 1914 while the family lived near Hovcss^noc At age 4, 

1 ' L Blld : ^ . - LJL ^ JL. .l^cl,. ULLcliiC^ 

• , : In Mi x£.lii went under and the family, which know iner r 

rsircrned to Washington. They came by covered wagons lea I.lio La 
or June and pulling into their new home, a 155 acre farm near Matlock la 
Count 7, in late summer see Visit? zzl r^r in disptei 12), 

Tts - S^L- r :-j:.-,r ffc ; - r, - id the areas other 15 or so school age kids at 

" ^ayerje ^fy:i.^ . - cll-i Srove earlier was^a t~; 

rral school. Helen was a second grader her first year there, At che" :.. 

r ^ : _/- : c " lie : « - - - r~ her and eight grades. The facility r: ^ 

0IJlt 30 feet or so from the school. M^^Jp was fairly modern when if 

.me to , ■ . , " - ^ - : - r - - - t - - , i 1 i ji i. 

' fj their 1 - ter from a creek. Heating was by wood stove or f tii 
- 1 1 1 1 1 - ^ or two stocked the school with wood but it was up u» f hr- 
r 1 :r ^ 1 ' ^ the room comfortable so the stt i;s could 

f^ L( >o nee on sf-.;, zi: Of course there were the bolted down solid wo- 
desks with their ink wells, a blackboard, an eraser or two and plenty of . lal'J 

Chalk was important to the kids education. What with no mimeograph, 
copiers and few preprinted handouts, the important things went onto the 
blackboard. The ABC 1 s for the first graders, math for the third graders, 
geography for the eighth graders. Many of the lessons , ^ w^icc 

' n ; 4 ,Jlt ? ' i' M * "> H < < ( j . f)0lnl( 

Mitoto i/uliei" L-uc. Li ii ; 1 ^ ,_, . , j-> ri[10 , 

ten minute morning and afternoon recesses were probably as welcomed by the 
teacher as by Helen and her classmates. Recesses were a playtime 
kidso For the teacher it meant stoking the stove and getting the next lessons 
on the blackboard and a brief break while she monitored the play outside . 
Lunches lasted 30 minutes and since school lunches were unheard of, i; - 
bring your own or do without. Ruby made Helen 9 s lunch through the fourth 
d€ ut after that she was on her own. She didn't really have a favorite 
lunch e There wasn't much choice, she took what was on hare/ : rrLkrr.^ - 
1j ^ c ' : - ^ - . j z'-'j.- l " E r vi si 

4s30 P* m ° — r ' - ^ - - . . :<a2o Mainly 


washing the blackboard which the kids took tunas doing s "voluntarily , 00 of 
course o 

Getting to and from school was left up to the students own devices 0 For 
Helen and her sisters , school was a little over two miles If they went by the 
gravel road and about 1 1/2 miles If they cut across Scott's Prairie (place) 
and through the Simpson Logging Campo Going through the camp was taboo but 
they weren't beyond trying it when they thought they could get away with lt G 
For a while a gypsy family camped along the way D The kids were told to stay 
away as 00 they stole kids so 0 The biggest problem going to and from school were 
the bully classmates who took advantage of the trip to tease the younger 
oneso For the most part they walked to school 9 but on rare occasions went by 
horse o Once there the horse had to be tethered, watered and so on c When the 
snow got bad their dad harnessed the horse and going to school became a sleigh 
ride 0 

Motor vehicles gradually ended the era of the one-room schools 0 For 
Helen and Matlock the change came in 1926 , when several small schools 
consolidated into the new Mary M G Knight School • It offered bus 
transportation , a broader curriculum and a high school 0 In 1931 when Helen 
was a junior and class secretary /treasurer the high school had four teachers 
and offered s 

English Algebra General Science 

French Geometry Social Civics 

UoSo History Typing Vocational Civics 

World History Home Economics 

Physical Education (Po E 0 ) was added a year or two later 0 For recreation 
there was boys and girls basketballs pep assemblies , a oratorical contest, a 
Christmas program, three plays and parties for valentine, halloween and so on Q 

In her senior year Helen quit school and married Aner Bateiian in 
Shelton 0 Aner ? s parents were Asa Bateman, who was born in San Jose, 
California in 1(875 , and Hatti Fletcher, who was bom In Seattle . The 
Bateman 9 s moved to Seattle where Asa met Hattio In 1899 they married and 
lived In the Georgetown community 0 Georgetown is the industrial area just 
west of Interstate 5 and between the Kingdome and the King County Airport, 
Boeing Field o A few homes are still In the area 0 • o a remnant of Its days 
as a residential area G Asa was on the police force but apparently wanted 
something else of life and moved to Matlock 0 But not before Ruth was born In 
1900 , Hazel In 1902 and Aner In 1908 0 

It was around 1915 that they packed up their kids and belongings and left 
the big city to settle on an 80 acre farm about half a mile south of the Mary 
Mo Knight School In Mason County «, There, they ran beef cattle and a few 
sheep, and Asa got a job on the Mason County road crew Q He became road 
foreman and continued to work for the County until his death In 1938 Q Hatti 
lived on the place until her death in 1969 0 They both are burled In Shelton @ 


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in 1916 9 Edwin was born, but died of diphtheria on February 12, 1920 at 
the age of 3 years and 3 months 0 

Helen and Aner got married during the depression but Aner some how was 
able to get a job on the Mason County road crew Q He drove truck and grader 
most of the time and was making a very good wage for the times 0 0 o §4 Q 75 a 
day o 

For the first couple of months of their marriage 9 they lived with Aner 9 s 
parents o In the meantime , Asa was fixing up the other house on the place to 
make it liveable 0 They moved over there and spent the rest of their time in 
Matlock on the place 0 Aner ? s father-in-law P Pete tried to talk Aner into 
buying some land of his own 9 but Aner wasn't one to get involved in working 
the lando 


Note: Bach Sect£<§m mjmmm ° 1 aile 

(f) Helen and Aner Batman's home when they were first married, 1932 until 1943 
when they mowed to Dryad. Birthplace ©f Homa, Gail and hsa Bateman 0 They 
shared the 80 acre farm with &ner°s parents Haiti and hsa who mowed there 
in 1915c The current address is Rto 1, Bok 138, lima, im a 

Wow th© location ©f all om is^Mthmm in thm area and driving directions sn© 
Mi tloek map in Chapter 12. 


i'::~:f!P "\r. born in 1932 and Gail in 1934. Both v-:^. ■ . ' - y ^ r ^:<±th the 
• _■. -it from Shelton to make delivery. 

' 1 l -- Asa died. Shortly after tlv./c^ _ .*.;..-. r . /\ ; ir.b the 

lh l-: and went into heavy construction. He drove ec/ ,l : VThile Zjl 

the Schaf fer Brothers Logging Company. 

In 1942 Asa A, was bora. By this time, though, doctors weren f t fefciag 
' i calls , so for Asa, life began at the Shelton hot Hatti ve&L _ 

>.v-- r -a a savings t jj- 

11 < ^ j i work started to take Aner out of the area. In 194/ hi got a 
\n\ . r. ' 1 '1 Rock Quarry near Dryad. He set a trailer next to theii 
quarry and started commuting, returning to Matlock on weekends. Aftei about a 
rear of comi iti ig, Helen and the three kids moved to Dryad in 1943. Dryad had 
been a bustling logging community, but it was more quiet than bustling by the 
time they arrived. The center of activity was the general store which was 
also the post ffice bus station, and get-together place. In the summer, 
L-i.uK? -: the place, at least for the kids. The post office clos- ' 

t -br, a l . ' 1 c the s 3 re remained open ' . - : . . 

Helen and Aner bought a two bedroom house - ■- J :~ - * m\ and Mrs. 

i iarlie Sates bbe ' - v_.c 1. a j„ ■ : _ j!' JV _ L~ - tu^ 1^ frrjrad. 

ir't^i is now the home of their son Asa lsh! lis, b:j/j — _ tried to 

Virgain the Gat ^ _ ■ but t - ' . ■ - .o<;e. It £b00 cash or no 

deal. I;: -v; : : - ;„ ; • } t easy. Aner's mother re \_t t loaned til 
bb- lv\:l.:J. It t that she didn't want to help, but as ?af*e rim ^ - 

if as I so st*ri J - --. _ ',v:0 a mon:i 

until i 1 i- : ° < ' :f. 

- j - : He worked on the Mossyrock Dam in 

the 1950 ? So He later took a job with St. Regis ~ , '"'lvo^ bo put up 

a trailer and came home on weeker ~ - - . ction work was smai iing and air- - 

>vyr >y Aner felt he was getting too old to handle the bigger Iqut^miit 0 

so he went back to driving grader in 1968. On a snowy day he slipped off the 
grader and cracked his neck* The doctoring never really worked out and that 

'ii^ant retirement at age 60. 

Norma married Dayton Green in the early 1950' s and Gail married Carl 
™(kndr° n i ski in the mid-fifties. Around then Helen started doing seasonal 
v/ua? , i , ; ■ , h, < ; , - , ■ ± : , , , ■ j , • , y n>i)c^ 

Farms (now Simons) on. Ford's Prairie^ just south of Centralia 0 At first, this 
was also seasonal 5 but as she got seniority, the job became full time 3 year 
round o She and four others hoed the strawberries, pruned the blackberry 
bushes 5 worked in the cannery in the summer, and in the winter they broke down 
the bulk frozen produce and packaged them for shipment to stores, In 1965 she 
moved over to Northwest Mobile Homes as an assembler, but got laid off. This 
time, Helen decided to try something different and went to work at the Kit 
C< r m Restaurant. After a short stay, she happily accepted a job with 
Mouduline in 1967, 

^; L .c, Scales 1 inch « 1/d nils 

7) Home of Aner and Helem Baitasan from 1943 to 1971a The current address is 
128 lobe Rdc „ o :: ddc l ^ 1 r^T^deiled- is tire jcmo of their 
£t -id Eai Batosnasn. ~r-hi Hcls^ -:d moved to 324 MW Florida 

in Chefoalis 0 

2) The home of Helen and Aner's daughte-: dcd aim© &3£E dartosEd^ 1 57 lobe Rd 
?) The home of Cork 8 s brother and originally the Karboski f s home place 0 

11 - ' j ^ 3 11 - and Raymond 0 

, Ul ^ x i.-;^ „ * a j ^ cwrel Raymond o 

The Dryad turn off . , . Chandler Rd. . . . is about a mile past Rainbow 

Falls : :ate Park e Turn right onto Chandler and then a half mile later turn 
i ici\ : nA:o Fobe Rd« 


riei^E a&a mmi no Yea tram l/ry&a in i^/i to tMir cur resit at 342 

North. West Florida Street* As they Moved out Aea t Kay and their two kids* 
Karla and Asa moved in« Trie new home was iti a small -quiet neighborhood, much 

like Dryad, . Xy s two laiuute hop to Che ha 11 s » 

Helen retired from He 

has meant more time to travel . * * to bingo games and Reao* She* a ' 
playing biogo for 30 years now and reportedly 2.985 has bought two of her three 
biggest pots* She* a also become something of a Florence Nightengale* She has 
spent a lot of time 'and. effort caring for "Pete* and. Hasel when, they became 
■seriously til (see Chapters 13 and 17), In retirement * Aner perfected his 
pool game and ^ got a ear and motorbike for getting around* He had a big Marie j 
Davidson in his earlier days and foetid a bike to still be a cheap and fun way 
to go* He. rode his Yamaha to. all but the worst weather* 

At age 73, Aner got picked up for drunk, driving, DW.T.» The realisation 
that if he got caught: again, he'd lose his license led to some serious 
contemplation * , , Atier went cold turkey on the drinking but kept on with his 

pool game and bike riding until his last days. 

In J 

try, 1982 , Helen mid Aiier celebrated their golden, wedding 

About two years Inter,, on September 2,5, 1983, Aner passed away 

of a. massive heart attack. Aner was /,*$ mm mm 1mm at tmmt at the Sunset 
Memorial Garden, in. Chehalis, Washing ton* 




Helen 'tko> , - < per. tor key at 

Or. land, C.A farm 

Helen, holding ttorma 






The Pete & Ruth Balrymple family— John Peter , Lessie, 

"Pete," as Lester was called, was the family entertainer and later, 
family ch&u£feur. His vocal efforts started early but bis siblings se'.d.r 
called it singing! He probably would have been willing to do the chauffer 
right a way too* but he wasn a t old enough, 

"Pete 11 was born June 29, 1916 while the Nor dwells were living near 
= - ' ^* He became their only son as John and William had died earlier a::. ■ 
Sraie csa' t born until 1921. He celebrated his fifth birthday on the trail 
when the family was moving by covered wagon from California to Matlock. As he 
, ' • oilier he became his dad 1 s right ha- wn< He t-f , ^1 with the haying, cow 

cattle to thF. j^-go ^ - - - j :- :. - ^ - r . ; : v ~: 3uiing f „ = 

border and bringing them home before hunting season and the winter snow 0 
' I h ing jj^ ^3-^ " - .->bi : for new calves to make sure they were ok an 

fti Llhey got old enough , dehorning those that needed it and splitting an ear 
with the s ; i -i 11 Jer-ri li^/mli ^ k. 

By the late 1920 f s Henry Ford's assembly lines were in full production. 
That f s when motor cars became affordable to most families . . . including the 
Nor dwells. They got a Model T pickup and later got a Model T sedan. They 
kept their horses and wagons for the farm work but driving cars was now the 
fun thing to do. "Pete" picked up on that right away. He learned to drive 
when he was fairly young by helping his dad with the chores. When he could 
talk his dad into it he drove around the place just for fun. One summer he 
and Ernie were raking the hay but it was taking far too long. The lake was 
waiting. "Pete" unhitched the horses and hooked the pickup to the rake and 
zipped around the field! Ernie who was on the rake, hung on for dear life and 
tried his best to make straight rows. When Pete and Ruby went to town "Pete" 
and the? c h _ i i , j , , <. s .J . - - i • ^ v ,< 1 Lf K bind ,ql a fun 
ride. See Chapter 12 for the stories. In 1930 "Pete" and Warren Kingery were 
helping Pete sell alder as pulp wood. Pete cut and split the wood. "Pete" 
and .Warren loaded it onto the Model T truck. "Pete" then took the load to 
Matlock where he and Warren stacked the wood on a flat car for shipment to 
Etaynior plant in Shelton. When he became 16 in 1931 he chauffeured his 
( hers and sisters whenever he could; to Lake Newatzel for a swim, to the 
Matlock store, to school c<-;as loo.? lly, and to dances. 




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"Pete 11 wasn't that interested in school* He - , ntly was too bus^ 
being die class clown to get his work done and left school in the 9th or 10 tl 
grade. The 1931 school annual says that he was on the soccer team. The 
s< cet he played is thought to be more like rugby then the soccer being played 
* n ; r h, , 7Ls today. 

After he got out of school he continued to live at home and help around 

'mi./i _,i » • c ' J c tj e J . . '« : • 1 " . < " u' 

dishi i , some cooking and making the beds. ,f Fete lf soon wished she had left his 
bed alone. The bed had a straw mattress that sagged and sagged. To help out, 
Elsie ; '< - -ai it up with apple boxes. For "Pete/ 1 who always leaped intc bed, 
it was a startling and bruising experience. 

t r ^ approached "Pete 11 was working in the woods , and took jobs as they 

i - rrae up. As always he helped around the home,* By now only he and Ernie we < 

still at home. When World Mar II became official in late 1941 "Pete 11 laid 

back and waited to be drafted. He wasn't that excited about being a soldier 

and also felt that Pete could use his eel" r r.^i ~j- To his sul rl ;e 

Uncle Sa> : greeting didn* t arrive until 1943* 

He spent a year or so in the USA, at Fort Lewis near Za'ceaia and at G 
Coy in t/e? ~ ~ , - - " -- - ~ a. ; - • - a« ° n _ _>e only a few months 

a~a - , : . : --. May 6, 1945; VE Day. Thousands upon tleea^ands of 

OS , a ■ - : _ -;- :. .: : le.-ijie 

are "::e '^i e:h Japan continued. Three months later ere::: t Truman ga-e 
, ae order to use the nuclear bomb. The first ^ ea. : ' aaejs: etii on 
T :r ;: a eu When there was no surrender, another bomb was «1;ee^d. This one 
on, a -/ - 1 : r ' 7 7e^ : -r — - - — a- <« ~ ~ >, ^as formalized on 

r-. „ : : " . 7 1 -: 5 on the 73L- liieec rri in Tokyo Bay* 

"Pete 11 probably thought he was coming home but it wasn't to be just yet. 
The US decided to occupy Japan, that is to keep troops in the Pacific after 
the sur» e^V.r. This was to make sure the word of surrender got to all remote 
islands and to have troops available in case of a flare up* "Pete* s 11 unit 
stayed on* In a December 14, 1945 letter to 01ive 5 Ruby, his mother wrote: 
"Lester is still in Manila and hates it worse everyday," He got home on 
March 8, 1946. 

Just what "Pete 3 s n job was in the Army and where he was stationed is not 
known for sure 5 as most of his official military records h - 1 » < ye J 

by fire. In the Pacific., Corporal Lester Nor dwell #39203557 was with the 
1478 tb j^e/a^eer Maintenance Company. Engineer Maintenance units were 
non-combat groups that supported the combat troops . Excerpts from a letter he 
sent his sister Mary Roderick dated October 3, 1945 gives a glimpse of his 
military life: 

11 , . . I have quite a bit of time this afternoon, Me moved 
Sunday and since then we have been working. 1 was on guard last 
night and today just got off. We sure worked for 3 days tho my 


hands are sore and my legs and back are sore 0 We B ve been building 
platforms and floors for our Cents 0 That 8 s hard work when y©u°ve 
sat on your ass as long as we have*, I didn G t think I°d ever see the 
time when l°d welcome guard or KP but I sure did this time<> I°m on 
KP day after tomorrow 0 This will be a pretty good place when we get 
it fixed-upo About that time we 0 11 probably move again G That's 
about all we've done since we've been overseas 0 Clean and fix a 
place to live and move out and leave it for somebody else ^to move 
intoo We are living in a big open shed with a tin roof now it rains 
so hard there is a spray all over the buildingo 1 worked the last 2 
days without my shirt on now my shoulders are so sunburned I can°t 
hardly e taiid it on • . . " 

"Pete" ate his 1945 Thanksgiving turkey in the Phillipines 0 Other 
memories would include his many days of travel on the troop ships and driving 
jeepo The troop ships weren't his fondest memories o They were crowded, 
bunks were stacked 3 -and 4 high with less than 2 feet between eacho He hac 
too many trips, first to Europe then clear across two oceans to the 
Phillipines and then home to the USA 0 The memorable part of these trips was 
the bad weather and the many days of sea sickness he suffered as a resulto 

"Pete" loved to drive jeep and Ernie got the impression he drove a lot, 
probably as his unit moved from camp to canape Back home both "Pete" and Ernie 
b , J surplus jeepso "Pete" showed Ernie all the ropes of driving a jeep on 
the Carstairs Prairie and into the woods and on mountain roads o 

After the war, "Pete" lived at home helping on the farm and working in 
the woods when he couldo He worked for virgil Beerbower off and on for about 
4 years e During one of his lay-offs "Pete" and Ernie reported in every Friday 
at the Aberdeen Unemployment Officeo When they could they stayed around for a 
night out at the taverns and dances 0 "Pete" met Ruth Dalrymple on one of 
those trips o On December 29, 1940 "Pete" and Ruth were married with Virgil 
Beerbower and Nona Beerbower Summers standing in as witnesses 0 "Pete" was 33 
at the time and Ruth, 28 0 

Ruby described the preparation for the marriage this way in a December 
18, 1949 letter to Oliver "Lester has §0 acres and a small house and an 
Orchard on it. He°s planning on getting married soon c They moved there 
furniture up yesterday and she is up there today painting and cleaningo" 

Ruth's parents, Ray and Edna Shearer Balryniple lived in Hoquiam and had 
four other kids: Ray Jr 0 , Coreen , Mary and Jim B They had moved out from 
Fon tana , Kansas 0 

By 1950 "Pete" was working on Mason County road crew 0 In the winters 
he°d run the snow plow and the rest of the year he helped with road 
maintenance o 

October 17, 1951 marked the arrival of John Pete Nor dwell who was named 
after his greatgrandfa ther . A year and a half later, on March 20, 1953 



liGcas • : ' .■ . .:<h — 1 Kile 

i^r- -L-r^- c: ~ V?- r dwell' s home from 1- -~: . ?-. ,, ;] ,11k . - 40 

acres of (D to the property along the way which also belonged to his c\: 
bet': h got it, B:L. l-_ ice of John and Lessie Nor dwell. F\vk I^s the 

Fos f?,h<a jl ->v -- n „ relatives in tb . : -: - '■■ ' -'"-V " v^'^-'L':?- 

i ' L ;L J :v V = : ?£ 12. 

Lessie Rue was born. Both were born in the hospital at Elma and both were 
tikes. John was the smallest and stayed in the hospital three months before 
he had enough weight to go home, 

At about this time 3 1952 to be exact, ff Pete ff starred working for Warren 
and Hiram Kingery Logging. For the most part he ran cat and fell trees. As 
nl wrvs nu • in , > I.-; - . n . v '. . ' ■ ■ ■ • i 

en mgh to support his family came first. This required going from job to 
job. That was a fact of life from the 1930 f s through the 1950 1 s, at least in 
the rural logging areas. Then working for the same company 20 or 30 years , 
even 10 years was a rarity. Several factors played a role 111 this economic 
reality. First, most logging companies were small operations and few managed 
to stay in business as long as 10 years • Lay-offs were frequent and 
unemployment compensation which started in the 1930 1 s offered up to $37*50 a 
week in 1946 but most got less, In short when you were out of work, it wasn E t 
long .ore you 5 d be out of money. Under the local economic conditions there 
wasn 1 t much opportunity to save for a rainy day • * . it rained too often. So 
when you were laid off you went and found another job. For many like Aner and 
Clyde, they moved with the job or to where there were jobs . For those like 
"Pete 11 , Ernie , and Lynn who had timbered land they could wait for a new job 
locally. If a job didn 1 t turn up right away they could tough out a lay-off by 
logging their own place, selling logs, plug poles or cedar shakes, 

Today this has all changed. Higher m eni com \ ration and 

extended benefits makes it ^ssib". to wait out all but the longest of 
lay-offs . Pens! -yap, s seni L tj ghts and medical benefits have tied ths 
worker to their job and company 0 0 0 and thus are less willing t© start ©¥er 0 

In 1955 Warren and Hiram 0 s business went broke and BS Pete 09 found himself 
unemployed again @ He and Ruth decided it was time for them to leave the 
area* They sold their 80 acres s which had been logged off by then 9 and moved 
to Pacific Beach about 20 miles west of Hoquianu BQ Pete 00 got on at the Aloha 
Cedar Mill about 10 miles to the north 0 About a year later on August 13 9 1956 
Krista Maris was born 0 She was a flyweight like John and Lessie, weighing in 
at 4 pounds 14 ounces 0 All the kids went through school at Moclips e 

While at Pacific Beach °°Pete 0B became active in the Veteran of Foreign 
Hare, being elected Commander of Post #8956 for a year« He was also i m ciaber 
of the American Legion Post at MoclipSo He also liked to clam dig and 
returned to Matlock for deer hunting season Q 

Ruth became very sick in 1961o The diagnosis*, canesi% In many ways luth 
had a. tough life« She had epilepsy since childhood,, It wasn't until later 
that medicines were in general use for control of the seisureso She wasn't 
able to work outside the home nor drive a car 0 Her sis ter=in~laws feel that 
she seemed to stay home and limited her visiting more than she needed too She 
likely did so for fear of a seigure 0 

Ruth foi ght the cane > 1 \reral mo s in the hospital and 

ta Lng reatmentSo Gladys Mason who was married to George Sackrider helped 

"Pete" with the kids during this timeo After about 5 years, when Ruth was 44 
cancer claimed another victim* 

"Pete" continued to work at the Aloha mill for another 10 yearso It was 
in 1976 that his emphysema got so bad that he had to retire at age 60 s after 
19 years at the mill. By then his kids had left the area e John was serving 
in the Army and btfu J in \j s - ssic m rattle < id Krista in St 0 
Joseph 3 Missouri . 

The emphysema really knocked §i Pete S0 dowru He barely had enough energy to 
get his own meals let alone all the other things that needed to be done* For 
one s his disability claim with Social Security wasn B t moving* So his sister 
Helen Bateman made her first of many trips from Chehalis to Moclips to help 0 
After several visits to the doctor and the Social Security office in Aberdeen 
his medical claim was approved* Within a few months Helen convinced "Pete SB to 
move to Chehalis so she could take better care of him 0 He moved into an 
apartment o Helen shopped for him, cleaned house when it needed it and made 
sure he had an adequate oxygen l*<„ Later he was admitted to the Veterans 

Hospital i ^ancou ei agai rit Helen s help He * in and out of the 
hospital over the next two and one half years. For much of his last year at 
home his oxygen tank was a constant companions On April 10, 1979 he passed 
away at age 62* Both he and Ruth are buried at Sunset Memorial Park in 






rhe Mary s Alvin Roderick and family— Phillip, 
Sharon, Marilyn, Ralph, Gloria 

At age 3 Mary Vera Nord ell was bouncing in a covered wagon along with 
h - ' fr - -« the family. The three month jouruay starta- • i 

; ilfornia and ended a t their new farm ne; K*ti ck Washington ; ■ , 
County. That was in the summer of 1921. 

Three years later she started the first grade at the Wayside School, a 
t 70 mile walk from home. Then in 1926 Mary traveled to school by bus to t = 
;an a opened Mary M. Knight School. Quaint little Wayside was closed. 
to 1926 there was no high school in the area. Elma, Montesano, and Shell:-.- 
,?ere all aboi r, M ml ies i/, :• --- - £ 5 - i r, i«. 2 - laces few if 

/ent beyond the eighth grade. Mary M. Knight changed all ths • , 
- '''' ' *'^f:ed. She literally skipped through school. Fir-: s/- . , r 
the UvxVr ' " J~; : 2 - - . 5 ' rs.self , h 

school. While school was a snap, Mary at = r ^, ed she wa , • 

her own^ age. The Nordwell kids tended to be the smallest in their class to 
start with and being younger than her classmates she got the message that" ph.'-- 
was a tag along more often than she liked. Her size was also 3 <K J,?. Cage 
in sport s 0 r->, I i h i gh schoo i W e r e on the ba I thai! 

team, Mary got to play in the games but mainly because the rules said all the 
players had to be played. 

At home she did 9 lifcrle of everything. Her least favorite chore was 
b " l 8 ln § c " <~"00>\ mi , , , e^ • , c j i r he 

woodpile and hopped onto Mary every change they got. It was in her senior 
jest ,Lw she rnft f /M , i r, rv,„l , r r . ,^ - _ f ^ ... - j(= r 

met at a dance at the Dayton Grange Hall, about ten miles due east of the 
Matlock store. On November 15, 1935 they were married in She! ton. They 
settled on the 240 acre Roderick farm 5 1/2 miles south of Elma, (See South 
Elma map in this Chapter,) Alvin 8 s parents Edgar Byron and Laura were both 
born in the area — Byron on January 20 s 1874 and Laura on September 1, 1879. 
Laura's family were Pennsylvania Dutch but her dad, Daniel Infield/ later 
moved the family to Ohio not far from where Byron's 'folks Grant and Lu Jane 
farmed, The families knew each other in Ohio but came west separately, during 
the 1870's, Both settled or, -re s ; ^ _ J - ----- » -- e oad) 
l^om W , u~: \ -t-. c. 57; Saata lara :-_,££„ . ,_ - c „ m- rhe 

famil - v on p e ember 7, 1906. 


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- * - Jc^^j^jtf the liOdSfc d^L;i: chs\; li-?ed in from IST>; 

to 1939. D'&malisnacl in 1985 it was ^ 7-d : = ~ = ~b= >2di mid 7r< 
across from what is now 141 (?) South Bank Rd. It is 1 i 7 a <^ -oao 
left after you turn onto Sol' 1:: _, : , z >-;,_^_ 

J.v&ia and Warren Kingery; their 15 acre none ft* ok 1963 to 1965, . . . cho 
property is about 3/4 mile after crossing the Chehalis River bcidoK^ the 
.-o/:rent address is 148 South Bank Rd. and included the pv%^,7< "iv.,7,^ 
Box 128-148. See Chp 0 15. 

@ Mary and Alvin Roderick's son Phillip owned and operated this I77 sore 
dairy farm from 1949 to 1968. The farm is located at 500 South Bank Rd. 
Phillip and Sonja retained half the property and live there, at 479 South 
Bank Rd. 

^ 1 . #in Rodericks farm and home since their marriage in Nov^ibei 

1935. Part of the original Roderick homestead :<7 . \m ,z < 

See ^) • Of the original f about 140 acres have been retailed jew the 
mily. Around 1900 Byron Roderick, Lynn and Alvin 's dad, married Laura 
a.dieid and settled on this part of the homestead f where they operated a 
' J *- . ■ - Birthplace of Lynn f Alvin and their thr^o fiizvi^,: rin>d 
■■use where all five of Mary and Alvin 9 s kids were born. Byron and Laura's 
^ > .js^ns sat near where Mary and Alvin f s home sits today at y i dentil 

-•-"^ ^lA n - site of their home on the Loaei'ick farm fro® 1939- 

15>41 t 7_^:7::^ ^ ^ej-li d^e^- ; . _ J-rca hare bhe^ Moved 

See Chp. 19. 

d:c(i of th~ -,:di-^ 17: 7-.: Jz :\a/a.^a :-ri7 Incuse, c^rle: :r 1372 or 187: 

by €dv=Q? ^3(3 itoaa Jane Roderick, Lynn and dl%rdd? : V-J-.d::*. Birthplace 
of Ediiar Byirot Roderick. The 5 ■ seres or so *?*s Lso^ Bold to Chris 
Damitio; the current address is 675 South Eaizi M, see f : - ; . 



ZzjziLi -\a7 77-7 d7: ; -- r . z : zz^:: dat j nc_ jZ^jzz: 17: lV \d 1 

Vic's home at 1777 So\ 77 Bank Rd. and later moved to the other side of fcho 
' diaa o- i ''^etery. 

' Sharoi Cemetery within the Erickson property. The site where several 
Rodeiaclx^ and iolatives are buried. 

Homestead settled in the early 1870 9 s by Lynn and Alvin Roderick's mother's 
parents, Daniel and Mary Enfield. For a time the home of Lynn and Alvin 's 
1 1 - 1 1 - 7g:l uio7n^r t , ^ ra, m.k^, lsIal- 1^77 .« . d .du w 

in 1935o t,,] 17 h zzr c \ < "nr" 0 7 77^ . >~ 0 d - d ( " ?^ njd) <i 

tracks o 

tM ^ d wis : Elma lies between Olympia and Ab- , ^ - At Elma take the 
South Elma # Satsop Nuclear Power Plant Exit and go south a mile or so until 
j r " n vJ'^p& the Chehalis River Bri 1 " \~ 7- x t f audi cc&v left and 

q on South Bank 7/ ^ ' 


By the time Mary and Alvin married 9 Alvin s who had worked in the woods 
for several years 8 was operating the farm 0 Byron °s health wasn°t that good 
and he s Laura and Alvin °s two children from a previous marriage 9 Lauragene and 
Alfred s had moved to the Infield farm G Byron died on September 14 9 1936 of a 
brain tumor when he was 62 0 Laura died in June 1963 at age 83 . 

The Roderick farm had two houses 8 a chicken house s a grainery 9 a huge 
barn 3 a milk shed over the creek , an older house that was used as a garage s 
and a very classy out house c The privy was a CB one stooler 90 build by the 
WoPoAo during the Depression 0 Behind the main house was Eaton Creek and the 
Milwaukee and Simpson Brother Railroads 0 

Phillip Edgar s their first child was born December 18 9 1937 , and a year 
later , Sharon Lee became the second s arriving on December 3 s 1938 • By then 
Mary had plenty to do with her share of the farm work to go along with the 
housework and caring for two infants « Electricity arrived in 1938 but still 
there wasn 0 t running water o The diapers were washed in the creek . o • 

Speaking of the creek 3 Phillip at age 1 1/2 wandered out for a dip one 
hot July days 


90 Through the heroic effort of his mother 9 the two-year old son 
of Mr o and Mrs 0 Alvin Roderick was saved from death by drowning 
Tuesday morning. 

While MrSo Roderick was bathing her baby s she missed the older 
ehild s and rushing from the house 9 discovered him in a creek near 
by G After putting in an emergency call for the doctor^ she started 
artificial respiration and continued relentlessly until the doctor 
arrived about 20 minutes later s and the boy was just beginning to 

Latest reports were that the child was none the worse for the 
experience s for which he can thank the presence of mind of his 
mother 3 according to Dr D Ao Ao Foote 0 80 

Elma Chronicle 

By the 1940 f s the work horses were a thing of the paste The Roderick 1 s 
new horses were a steel cleated^ Fordson tractor 9 with a crank start and a 
1937 Ford flatbed truck « Shopping at stores was almost non-existent. The 
Sears and Montgomery Ward catalogues were Mary s s store® Once expired, the 
catalogues became the family 5 s not so cushy toilet paper. The telephone was 
her grocery store . . . a call to Scrobbe 3 s and Clancy 0 s in Elma brought 
delivery of a week ! s groceries * 

IS 8 

Marilyn Ann was born April 27 s 1940, and August 17, 1941 marked the 
arrival of Ralph Randall, their fourth child. 

The farm was a combination dairy and beef operation with a little of 
everything else thrown in. There were pigs, chickens, geese s 10 to 2G be ti 
cats, a black collie named Ted, and a large garden, Alvin milked 20 to 30 
cows by hand every morning arid night and worked around the place during the 
day. In 1941 he took a job on the Grays Harbor County road crew, For the 
next 25 years he skillfully maneuvered a Gal lion grader down every county road 
mid a lot of driveways east of the Wynoochee River, The job and the (^i:- 
u-juay it brought came at the right time* Far® prices, which were still low 
because of the depression, were frozen by the War Price Stabilization Board. 

Phillip s the first to go to school , started in 1944 . . . a 45 minute bus 

ride to E Ima . School was a mixed bag for the kids, Phillip always seemed to 
be looking for ways to stay home. In the second grade he managed to stay out 
three months • • * he came down, with rheumatic fever* But the aches , pain 
cuid fever wasn* t what he had in mind. In contrast, Ralph liked school so well 
(ha ha I) that he played dumb so he could boe !o o/j(j ye^rs in the third grade. 

' j -~ _<~ r- - - \">_ : \ - \=, ±: _ - : ;,v ,^rf act 

at d for not misspelling a word on any assignment cor es ei 3 

years. Sneaking of school kids and illnesses, Mary, like most of her 
j"^' r z~-~i i c /i fcc f'^ud h-r-el? 1o loring the kids through the &e_- :u 1 - 
- ? L^ — 1 ' _j - - ^ \ - " - s '_.i ieb« 

The HKO T/-cio :J - -_. r , _ ^ - 1 _ JL ,i Ji was 

re Is . ad - Ith . ising water and a ringer wa e . • . the first of the modern 
features. The family got their first car ... a 1941 two door Plymouth that 
was two tone purple, It was a reli :tanl starter so it spent e lot of time 
being towed or parked on a hill for an easy start, After the war ri < ste 03 
i ell, and Virgil - <- ~-r helped Alvin remodel the ba < , [:i^> f, r 
^vvumo- - dern bath with a toilet, shower stall, sink and bath tub. The out 
house was retired, The other half remained a porch with a sink and a new, 
fully nvf'uM tic, Bendix washer. It was always easy to tell when clothes were 
being washed . . . on the spin cycle the whole house shook. 

In 1948 the farm got a new tractor, a Ford 8N. It f s the same tractor 
Phillip recently had restored for Alvin, The old Fordson was sold to Lynn for 
1.30,00. During the late forties and early fifties Alvin and the kids spent 
h *u» {- i ltd) in, ; ip Ur« 1 ■ , , 1 / , r a , ■ ,r d i 

Alvin learned to dynamite when he helped build logging roads for 
Weyerhaeuser in the Delezene Greek area. After a few years of blasting, tons 
of work seemingly lied ahead. So Alvin hired Cecil Bignold and his C 21 All is 
Chalmers Cat to do the rest. It was one of the biggest around and made quick 
work of the job. The kids picked up the debris from the fields and tossed it 
on the pile. 

it took nearly four years just to burn everything e About this time s 
1951s the irrigation system was addedo Now the cows had lush pasture all 
summer o 

Undoubtedly the most important addition during this era was that of 
Gloria June who arrived on June 12 s 1947 o I fondly remember, as a six year 
old, how exciting it was to have a little sister Q Kind of like having a new 


Oh yes; pets! Mary suffered through more than her share o The kids loved 
animals and everything they could get their hands on became a peto Alfred and 
Alvin brought home two fawns who stayed around for three years . Then there 
were the crows , Calhound and Black Beauty taken from their nest as babies; a 
deodorized skunk; a squirrel 3 and a bobcat Phillip caught in his trapping 
days* Ralph even brought home a. squealing weasel he pulled from a stump by 
the tail* It stayed around about 10 seconds « Thats how long it took Mary to 
explain in no uncertain terms to let it g©o What started out as two parakeets 
in the house became an outdoor aviary of 20 to 30 birds for Sharon o Our more 
traditional pets included rabbits , sheep s goldfish 2 Red the cow s turtles 5 
chameleon s hamsters and of course 5 a dog Q The cats never really became pets 
. . . they were just aroundo Mary wasn°t as fond of animals as the kids and 
refused to let the house become a menagerie 0 Only the caged animals like the 
hamster^ and goldfish ever saw the inside of the house 0 The one exception was 
Toughy s Gloria 3 s dog in the early sixties c To hear her tell it s Gloria was 
lonely 3 as her siblings were pretty much on their own* 

By the late 1940 B s and early fifties the kids were big enough to take on 
chores • Sharon swept the house every day and did a lot of the cooking. 
Phillip brought in and fed the cows at night so they would be ready to milk 
when Alvin got home around 5 o 9 clock 0 

Ralph took over this job when Phillip started to work for other farmers . 
For their efforts the kids got an allowances something like 25 cents a weekc 
They also got a cow of their own and the money from the calf it had each 

Alvin 0 s two week vacation was taken in early July each year and spent 
bringing in the hay 0 Alvin and Phillip mowed and raked the hay and then 
everybody pitched in to get it into the barn G Phillip and Sharon using a 
b u ckrake on the back of the truck brought the loose hay to the barn G They 
unloaded by driving out from under the hay 9 and then they went for another 
loado Meanwhile Mary set the hay fork and Ralph pulled it up to the mow with 
the tractor o Once there , Mary tripped the fork and Alvin spread the hay and 
built the utowo Marilyn for the most part stayed indoors, reading and taking 
care of Gloria G 

In April 1950 Mary took her first job outside the home . She had done a 
lot of berry picking, bark peeling and fir cone picking along with the kids. 
But that year she came the Local Enumerator for the U.S. Census . ^ Today the 
census is pretty much a mail-in and telephone operation. Then it involved 


going to ea< h - ,/me taking a count and asking a few ns ibout age 

"'^.'H.^cry, number of rooms in the house, and so on, -, j - ;-. f , liu ^Lv : 

dei:a>, ' l >: - . ... * .1 s was taken* 

;« ertai nment for the family was radio 5 movies in town and bo. 1 -... . ■ , 
In 1952 television came to the Rodericks . 0 . one of the first in the area. 
The small screen, giant cabinet set offered one channel. King TV, and a fuzzy 
black and white picture* 

Mary and some of the other women in the area started the Jack and Jill 
i- f C ' < This was in the mid-fifties when there seemed to be a lot of k i 1 
in their early . = ...-, 1 - Led about three years as the kids grew into 

o-Lhsv , - ! - tS. 

in 1955 Mary took a job waiting tables but that lasted only a few days 
Restauran i Iidn ? t like her and vice versa. Then she got a job as an aid 
c» t^H < _ -_. . . _ n where Sharon had worked during high school. 

I r J a better job, she applied for job with the St.: -_ r . : 

After six months at Bee I she got a clerk typist job with ^ - _ i .. , . 

of P-6 r -i.~ite. Not Lul£^ : ... • - r - .... 1 -, f ,ati a cc Drehensive 

account 1^ o rs- >.cf u ~d by the La Salle Corr f ,-.:,.j;'. of t^Bconsin. 
She 1 d c: :; r _ - ::hacfcar and work the pr'.:^o, «&nd the in and then 

get t>i to do the next ihapter, 

By 1956 the V -> were pretty much out of ft.L-„. _ _ were fast 

L-j." ving ficrti ; -lv _ tV : j . ,-. _ . .*- : ci rs s £ . 

reo;i'i^ _„r > l « i ^ - ^ lors, milk tanks , lots of - r 

' . ' . - - - pped again after several 50 d y 

« 3ntinu 1 to run a few beef cattle but eve. . L: — ad out. As t > 

small farms ceased operations, the large dairies exp 1 1 d their herds and 
needed more pasture . . . to date Alvin has been able to rent his fields. 

By the late 1950*s, Phillip, Sharon and Marilyn were on their own. So 
Gl «ic> 1 became the family cook and Ralph, head dishwasher, 

Alvin continued to work for the county and Mary was off to Olympia each 
corning at 6:45 a.m. and not getting home until 6:00 p.m. She conscientiously 

go as high as the rules would allow in the department without a college 
rXn^v ' moved up and also around the department. Moving from the 

Audit Section to Property Tax, to Use Tax , to Research and returned to the 
Audit Section as an auditor. After 22 years and over 5,000 trips to Olympia 
she became tired of rushing every morning. She retired July 1, 1978. Alvin 
had been promoted to foreman of the road crew in the early 1960 9 s and after 26 
years with the County, he retired January 1, 1967. 

In contrast to her parents and her brothers and sisters, Mary and Alvin 

only moved once; and that, was only 20 feet. They moved in 1964 when they 
built their current home in front of the old farm house* 

After retirement Alvin continued to do what he has always done * ♦ » 
work. He has built and fixed fences for Ericksons (iris -brother-in-law) and 
has kept 'his place goings cutting lots of woods and growing vegetables and 
berries. Only his diabetes , which lead to the amputation of his right leg in 
1981. , has slowed him down. Like Ruby's artificial leg Alvin* s modern version 
does not seem to fit the way it should* He gets sores easily which can take 
two to three months to completely heal. 

Somewhere along the way Mary became a whi« with wards » for a while she 
entered jingle types of contest > garnering price* occasionally* Later she 
took up crossword pussies* Ralph ami her were playing tons of Scrabble at 
about this time* There must have been a winner but I can't remember who it 
was! Mien . the automated bowling alley opened in town * * * she took tip 



arlv I960' s and she has been, bowling ever since. 

Her high game 9 so far* 204* and high series > .502* In recent years Mary has 
been very active in the Associated Grandmothers Club of Washington ♦ for the 
past six years she 1 a been elected State treasurer. Her other long time 
hobbies are bridge* binge ®ml tmm, Nevada * More recently she ' •$ added 
eirochetisii and etoth grafts such Afghan. > teddf hear clothes ae.d. a lugs to 
sail at the ii Ima Slug Festival at the Grandmothers * Club booth* 


M&ry in Or land, California 


Mary 4 AlVltt** 5 kids? Marilyn, 
Sharon* Gloria » Ralphs Phillip 

Marilyn & Gloria in concert 

i a 


Sharon holding sister tmtilyn <m ■ , 

blanket made by their Grandma . , . -mm 1978 

Fete (Ruby Mordwelj ; 





The Edith & Lynn Roderick family—^ I 3, Glenn, 

- = ^ ^ungest girl in a 'large family isn 1 1 always the best 
^ifuatxei , t for Edith it wasn't bad. cossed by the oldev l 2 < 

the worst of it. In all, though the kids stuck together and seldom fought. 

Edith was recruited early to be the family bottlewasher . At age 6 S in 
1926, she was in the first grade at Mary M. Knight. L" . ; ; L was fun for Zzic: 
and she always found a way to be at school. Whenever she ecu;: „ Line J ;f - 
sick her dad would simply say . . . "Drink some water and you'll be clis-\ 
th want to school sick a few times but there must have been something to 
the remedy as ^she neve;; ivi?sed a single day of school in her 12 years. That's 
really remarkable to me who- nnsn't so mo tinned. 

Edith 1 s parents Pete and Ruby were active members of the Grange and the 
is went to a11 the events. There were fairs, dances and 
Edith the square dances were the most fun. The meetings were only so-so. At 
the m<?< iJ ;cs Che young kids wu:e sent to the backroom while the business ^ 
ondud d. Chat's when the fun started. The height of it all was when the 
Matlock Grange first opened in the 1920's. The inside hadn't been finished 
off so the kids climbed the rafters and crawled over by the me ting hall. 
Dangling from the beams they listened in on the adult program. 

Swimming in the Satsop River and in Lake Newaltzel were favorite pastimes 
00 hor d5 *y* 5 - Their parents took them but when Lester was old enough to drive 
he°d happily did the chauf f euringo i <= si g; i< their d*. ndest to 

leave Edith and Ernie home but got stuck with the little ones far more than 
i - ey liked o 

Edith met Lynn Roderick when his brother, Alvin, was seeing Mary. Mary 
and Alvin were married in 1935 and Edith and Lynn in 1936, Both married in 
She 1 ton o The Roderick family history is sketched in Chapter 18. Edith and 
Lynn°s first home was a house owned by the railroad at South Elma (see Map). 

Lynn, who was 28, was working for the Union Pacifico He first got a job 
T ' ' zhc up in 1925 wh en he was 16. Those were part-time jobs so he still 
helped at vie siiK ; ; C t S hp y „ , i ^ -nr^- :l: ts ■ ^ t 
to school in Elma and is thought to have gone beyond the 8th grade but didn't 
g :s be te 0 


CD mim smU mm Roderick; the railroads house which they li^ed in fro® 1936 
t L939. Demolished in 1§85 it uas located betueen the road and trad i 
across fron what is aow 141 (?) South Bank Rd» It is 1/10 of a mild ©n yoor 
lift Bitmic fou tmn onto South Bank !d 0 

Edith and Lynn Roderick site of 
1941c Birthplace of Gerald and 
briefly to Cedar wilie and then by 

heir home on the Roderick farm from 1939° 
Glenn Roderick . From here they moved 
;eptember 1941 to Matloeko 

For the loeaiton ©f all ©or relatives in the area and driving directions see 
South llaa map in Chapter 18 Q 


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The railroad job eventually became full-£ime 0 Lynn spent several years 
on the section gang 9 and in 1938 became a track operator Q Each day he was 
given the schedules for the trains running that night between Hoquiam and 
Centralis o In a speeder, Lynn inspected the tracks ahead of each train Q The 
job also involved some rail switching® If there was a landslide or other 
hazard Lynn would set out flares as a warning and go report the probleiio With 
Lynn°s okay the trains could travel full steam through the area 0 

Early in 1939 the section gang was reactivated on the line so Edith and 
Lynn were asked to move so the section foreman could have the house 0 They 
moved up to the Roderick farm and lived across the road from Mary and Alvin c 
The house was a large, single wall affair that had been moved onto the place, 
years before, from a nearby mill*, The late 1930° s meant the depression was 
still on, but Edith and Lynn were doing quite well© The railroad was a secure 
job and paid wello They had the home wired for electricity, got a 1935 Chevy 
coupe and anticipated the best o 

Gerald Allen was born March 24 , 1939 while they lived there and Glenn 
Marvin on New Years Day in 1941 0 

Mary and Edith visited a lot while neighbors , a tradition they carried on 
after Edith moved back to Matlock 0 Their main activity was the two 80 T B s 50 
. . o tea and talk 0 Rumor has it they gossiped" For sure they laughed a 
loto On those few days when the weather was warm or better they 0 d round up 
their neighbors , the Palmers, and all the kids for a cooling dip in the 
Ghehalis River * 

Track car, the official name for the speeder, went only one=way s 
Forwardo So when Lynn wanted to head home he'd have to stop, pick it up by 
its handles , and physically turn it around o One night things didn 9 t go right 
. • • he hurt his backo A few weeks later the UP informed Lynn, that for his 
own good, he should resign G After some searching, Lynn go a job on the 
section gang for the Schaffer Brothers Logging Company 0 It was about this 
time that they moved up to Cedarvilieo 

More heavy railroad work wasn°t what Lynn wanted nor needed but he took 
what he could get 0 He kept loo>king around for something less strenuous. It 
wasn°t long before he landed a job with the Mary Mo Knight School Districto 
They rented a house from the school and Lynn started to work in September of 
1941 o The house set on the southside of the school and three or four house in 
from the road 0 Three houses remain but theirs is gone G On the job, Lynn was 
truly a jack of all trades 0 He was janitor, bus mechanic , bus driver, 
maintenance man, wood cutter for the furnace and just about everything else 
anybody could come up witho The wood was cut with a dragsaw 0 After World 
War II the wood furnace was replaced with an oil burner 0 

During the war Lynn joined the Air Observer Corp Q (Edith has Lynn 9 s Corp 
patcho) The Observers were an at home civilian organization connected with 
the UoSo Army Air Force. The volunteers in the neighborhood took turns 
watching for enemy aircraft from a tower on a hilltop near Matlock. They took 



(D ^ ^ L Y nn ^^^ft tented a house £ra& thr. r^col iLwn was 

r ' £:x * : - L -^ : zd : Sue. The houses no 

h'rt. :re ttiird or fourth ii c;, : ^ thu rood fcte H o i ^ 

of tlw sahcjl ;£^ij:!:l^g. 

' ? " OKl r " ^ - The eDrrQ ': address is Rt. 1, Bo: ? ?m . 

Wok the Icu^cv" ioe oif rill our relatives in the area and driving diico^i^Rr ror. 

their mission seriously because of the downing ©£ a Japanese Zero off Alaska 
in 1942 and confirmed sightings of Japanese subs off the coast of Oregon and 
California o 

Sandra Sue was born February 8, 1946, while they lived at the school 0 
Five years later, after 10 years at the school, Lynn wasn't happy with how his 
hectic job was going and resignedo It seemed he had as many bosses as things 
to doo The family moved about a mile south to an 80 acre property 0 The place 
was well wooded and crossed the Drybed Creek in several places „ However there 
was no house and no wello They cleared a spot and drilled a wello All the 
while Lynn was house hunting o Me found a vacant house but it was 25 miles up 
the Cloquallun beyond Bucks Prairie*, They jacked the house up and got it onto 
an old dock wagon. Slowly it was towed home with their old steel cleated 
Fordson tractor 0 

Lynn went into logging, working for local gypos, as the small independent 
logging companies were calledo There was John Comfort, Cy Johnson, Warren 
Kingery and Jack Adams to name a few 0 

They also decided to do some farming 0 Mot on a large scale but enough 
for their own meat and a few extra animals for the casho They got a couple of 
holstein calves, some pigs and chickens and were in business 0 Within a year 
the effort fadedo As it turned out there were just too many tears when the 
9B pets 00 were scheduled for the locker 0 

In the late 1940 9 s and in the 1950 9 s the Roderick kids were playing 
cowboys and indians in full garb, kicking and gaffing salmon out of Decker 
Creek, and keeping a keen ear out for the the game warden 0 For spending money 
they picked up beer and pop bottles from along the road and after dances at 
the grange halls c The going rate; one cent for stubbies and two cents for pop 
bottles o They also joined Edith and the other Mordwells in the woods, picking 
fir cones and peeling cascara trees 0 Cascara bark was used in medicines 
primarily as a laxativeo The big timber companies started buying fir cones in 
the 1940° s when the industry took to heart that the vast northwest forest was 
exhaustible and that reforestation promised a future. 

Edith liked to go after the fir cones, particularly when the seed count 
was high, thus the payback was higho Bottle hunting at old homestead sites 
and rockhounding are now of special interesto She likes the outdoors but has 
always shied away from blackberry and mushroom pickingo 

In 1957, Gerry and 9 others graduated from Mary Mo Knight 0 At the time 
he was working at Williams Tire retread shop next to the Elma fairgrounds and 
had plans to attend St* Martins College in Olympia e Glenn worked at the tire 
shop off and on, and Lynn, who was working for Jack Adams, drove from job to 
job in the Gray 9 s Harbor area 0 In short cars and gas were costing a fortune. 
So, in January 1958 they moved to 103 Glenn Street Morth in Montesano. That 
was short lived however as Jack Adams got a contract to log the Rosario 
property on Orcas Island. Lynn went up in the spring and Edith, Sandra and 
Glenn followed when school let out for the summer c The idea was to stay for 


the entire show, about 2 years* But the kids felt homesick and Lynn, who 

3d to hop in the car and drive, felt confined^ That summer they p^iiz^<o> n 
returned to Montesano, moving back into the Glenn Street home which had been 
left empty during their island stay. Lynn then went to work at the E.G. 
! ler Cede-: > ° : in south Montesano. 

In 1960 Glenn graduated and Sandra became a ninth , . L 

later Lynn and Edith bought a half interest in a Texaco service station on 
Sin son Street in Hoquiam. Lynn and his partner, Hal Eubanks , worked at the 
itation, pumping gas and doing minor repairs, Edith took on the daily 
be i 1 ing chores. Things went well for a while but like many working 
pari ne lips • . . it didn 8 1 last. After less than a year Edith and Lynn s i 1 - 1 
their share , fortunately, at a profit* 

With the local economy booming Lynn was able to get ha : at the :edar 
mill. Later the mill was rumored to be changing hands and then that the mill 
"'' ' « 2d* Lynn jumped over to Weyerhaeuser when he got the chance. A 

tths 1 ar he was back at the cedar mill, which was still being operat d 
by E.G. Miller. 

Edith took her first job outside the home in 1970 when she waited tables 

at "hz, - in Central Park. The Cafe now called V - in^s" was a 

"li-'j- l. ' : ■ *_ i - - 1 _ \- 1; y;, j; ' • .a- ' si" rhi.-i; 3 

/ ~~ -.r . '_; L,.Lci tti -s when the owners took off. That is she ± 
-V:i — pt cooking . , . "No way would they get me over t..- _ u.t 

g: ill 11,1 At the restaurant the money and res ilities didi - - i^a^h 

up So aft-.. ' "~ turned in her re ion and 1 - -.^ ho.-je 

In 1971 Glenn was living in Olympia, t » • , „ ; ,-d :wo kids and 

»rl ° g in a tire shop: Gerry was in the Coast Guard in Cali ni , and Sandra 
,v " 1 < : ~ man Led to Clifford Walters, and living in St. Helen's Oi < n, and had two 
1 " 1 * " e age 8 and Tuesday, 7 • October 14, 1971 turned out to be a very 
.cd day for all* Sandra was on her way to a class at Lower Columbia Col If.; 
in Longview, Washington. As she drove the two lane road a car heading hei way 
p ss 1 another car in a no-passing zone. He didn 1 1 get back in his lane on 
p '! fivi ~<nd Sandra paid with her life for his mistake. 

At the cedar mill Lynn worked the night shift; first on the green chain 
and then as a millwright. In 1973, at age 63, he had a serious heart attack, 
but with bypass surgery and determination he was back on the job within a few 

the saws so the lumber came out the right dimension,, This lighter duty 
allowed him to work until he was 65, at which time he promptly retired. 

During retirement Lynn fixed lawn mowers and other small engines. He 
i:\yjad things more as a hobby or a favor to people as he charged for parts but 
little if anything for his time. He also spent time at the local pubs and at 
a beach cabin they had in Moclips , On May 21 , 1978 while in Moclips he had 
another heart attach and passed away, Lynn s like Sandra , is buried in the 
Wynoochee Cemetery just west of Montesano. 


When Lynn had hi r suig-c y o or tot a opinion was that Lynn would never 

work again o With t news 1 it job hunting o She got on as a clerk ^ in 

the Moid -....aa Iprouse-Rei tz store. She stayed with the job but by the time 
Lynn > j£ . j r:a: he. b ^ their management programo in 1979 

Glenn 8 s family and Ralph s her nephew, packed her belongings into a U-haul 
truck and mv 01 < 7 , , 1 ^ d, near Seattle 0 After six months there as 

a roa : trainee Editb now 60 s moved to the managers job at the Stanwood 

Store. In 1980 she returned to Montei o tore as its manager o 

Courtesy of the Montesano Vidette. 

She settled bad into the Cle ui Street home which she had rented during 
her absence ' t l . 1 1 a small house at 844 East Park 3 

just c t 1 ^ I 1 ~ ( c she came to fully realize how costly it 

is to fix up older houses . As a result she started looking across the street 
to a solid two story home at 714 East Park to replace the Glenn Street house. 
She moved into the house in June 1985 0 The old home has far too many 
ailments* The foundati j .. und possibly termites all need attention 0 

On ; : -'mber 1 3 . " Id: th turned S5 0 A question lingering in many of 
our minds is: "Is there retires . \ in the near future? 89 An insider 0 s tip is 
. o . don 0 jjl : 1^ - : ;u;l^' . ito She likes her job too well and feels 
too good to jump at retirement just yet. 


Lynn holding Sandra at Lake Eaitn r Lynn 


Gloria Roderick. Park & Sandra 
t^m hmMim ®lmmt $m&m* Gmzj ftodtericfe Walters 

.......... . Oct, 19 §€ 



it is 1938. Ernie, the youngest of the Nordwel] kids is 16 and the only 

one at home :bJ> :< <- ii - : _ : * : „ : i : , : _ ,.: Z \^vi families. 

AcL. lIj 9 Lh co- l = ^ ... "/ 22 was at home but pretty much on his own 0 He &iid 
Ernie did a lot of the chores. Ernie's main job was to milk the 20 to 25 co \ 
and fix supper* Lester missed the morning milking now and then and without 
the help Ernie ran late. When that happened he missed the school bus. He 
could ei 2 : b. on his horse Silver and ride to t ;b or stay home. In his 
^?sr ti-jz ;sl ^ . : j_ - j , - i iidm 3 t h&~e money 

bar allowances, so for money Ernie picked xbvLCe^er same iwcj ssason and helped 
5ir<:!ghborBo Ha sold b la vs J* r tries , that is after enough had been picked for bi 
Couail;; " ~.r\.n_^ " - L - - ^ - : ~ . : b . , - ~ £ 1 ^b.e: c «? 

5 i^i-gb' , 11 hi: o him ^vrt ac ibi . . :r to bring in one or two of 

their cows from the range. He'd saddle up Silver, ride out to Carstairs 
Prairie, cut the cattle out from the rest of the herd and drive bh bb^ 
neighbors barn. For this he usually got a dollar but got as much as $15.00. 

Between his junior and senior year Ernie and a friend 9 Bob Todd, joined 
ihr-; Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) « They were barracked at Quileesne and 
spent the summer fighting forest fires, building roads and cutting fire wood* 

Ernie graduated number one in his class but being quiet and bashful, at 
least in front of a crowd, he didn't go to the ceremony. That must have made 
his parents happy! 

After his senior year in 1941 Ernie and his friend Jim Hess went to 
Yakima to work in the hop fields. They stayed with Uncle John Scouller ! on 
their farm on McDonald Lane. They had a great time that summer but picking 
hops wasn't exactly their forte. They were a little too slow to make much 
money. So when they got the chance they switched to picking apples. They 
weren't much better at that so they ended the season working in a cold storage 

All this wasn 1 t for naught. They did bring home a few dollars and Ernie 
■ ' >?re-..ts, Henry and Cecil . < ted a small store on 

Px-rsrr-cbi Lane, -hLzh was out in the hop .b: i, ", s i- 7" way between Moxee City 

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I HID i 

and Yakima « The Zschouiler' a , who are of German descent, had moved up from 
Monrovia, California in 1933. First they -moved to Boitners Ferry, Idaho and a 
couple of years later to the Yakima Valley. Hilda and her two brothers and 
two sisters all went to school at Hoxee City* Ernie and tfilda didn* t date 

that summer as she was but 1.4 » 

That same year, eleven days after the Japanese attach on 'Peart Harbor, 
Ernie and Jim enlisted in the Air force. During his 46 months in the service 
he was transferred 20 times* First, he was at Fort Levi a » near Ta co-ma 4 then 
Sheppard field in Whichita falls, Texas for airplane mechanic school* Next he 
attended P~38 mechanics school in Santa. Monica, where he lived in style at the 
Edgewater Hotel. Santa Rosa t California was the next, here he worked on P-39 
fighter planes* It was here that he volunteered to became an airplane gui : r 
and just like that he was off to Utah to another school ♦ After this training 
he went to Clovis, Hew Mexico where he and nine others were assigned to a B-24 
Bomber off iz\ ally called the Liberator hut called the "flying box ear" by 
those who flew them, Ernie and the crew called their plane "bubble trouble'* 
as the bombardier* a sights were always a problem. The Li.hera.tor had a maximum 
speed of just over 300 m.»p,h« , an operating weight of 52,000 pounds and a. 
range of 2»400 miles. Sleek she wasn't but for the times she had the fire 
power., Soon Ernie* s unit was off to practice bomhardiering and gnmmry, 
First to. South Carolina, then to Mitchell Field in Mew York and Marshall Field 
in Florida. Just before Christmas 1943 the Liberator headed to the town of 
Oreas in North Africa and then to Casablanca, Egypt « From, there they flew 
their first missions into German occupied territory. Before long they moved 
to the European theater ♦ , ♦ Italy* 

j£* .1 *5 

In their first 12 missions Ernie had six hits to his credit 0 Ernie was 
the nose gunner and triggered a twin 50 caliber machine guru It was pretty 
much a manual operation,, He had to crawl into the nose ©f the plane, turn, 
aim, and fire the gun from his cramped position,, Between mission© Ernie ^ sent 
V-mail to friends and relatives including his six year old nephew Phillip 
Roderick and his girl, Wilda G 

(Fo@o ' 

A Ci'M.^ </tr/' ~<%>^-y d£Hi*0., < 



^ /-^ / . 2^ ' - ^ ^^^^ 


In the upper left corner notice the censors stamp c That was a necessary 
job and both fun and tedious! Also between missions they waited for the next 


Their thxvw th lion was over nor ; .. . : . a l :':cjch 19, Iv4m 

That day they were hit. Two of the four engines were out. The shouts from 

the pilot sent the mess; ge: "We're going down! 11 Soon the engines burst into 
flames. Ernie peaked out from his crawl space but couldn* t see the ground. 
HIb bombardier mate took off which worried Ernie, He was suppose to sri-L: 
around and among other things hand the nose gunner his parachute td 
stashed outside the turret, well out of Ernie 8 s reach. Ernie scurried to c ^ ti 
his chute. By now he could see the ground approaching much too ^ 
first five that bailed out lit near a German occupied town and were taken 
prisoner, Ernie and the copilot, a captain, were the next to jump 9 A hard 
pull on the rip cord. Nothing happened. A second pull, "pop" the chute 
opened. On the way down the radio operator passed Ernie. His chute hadn f t 

>pened. The tail gunner and navigator went down with the plane. 

Ernie landed in a field near a house, He lit hard but was ok. The 
^r n )A Ino i < 1 i i Lnahere^ 'rl^L^de Mt ; >nd nU, '»<-. nM w I(d> 

determination and their escape kits, began the long journey to friendly 
territory. The kit had three weeks ration, $40.00 in cash, a compass and map. 

Being in a bomber crew was dangerous to say the least and getting shot 
down was not that unusual, Of the 18,188 Liberators produced during the war, 
the most we had in operation at anyone time was in September 1944 when 6,043 
' ' f 1] ing. Since the air war was fought over German territory one of two 
things happened if you went down. You died or were taken prisoner. In fact, 
thafc & & vjccj most of the "ace" pilots were German. If they survived being shot 
down y _ - . i_ M u . . :i ... ... .: ... 2 . - ^ L rr, :i — s . , the 

Back home "-xt- -v^ Mj : '. ;ai. ^ , : .... ...M: - ... ... .... i2.M i~ M„sM; 

Mr. Pov.,-l- : ^ - v-73ll t AAF 201 - (3293) BbrdwH f , ' - 


^ ^ ^ --v • 

IfadOV M M J ^ - ^ ■ ; — V ' * 

n5. . <• n km • >. w >n 5 -24, (Liberator) 9 bomber which departed 

, !t , i or o bombardment mission t© Steyr, Austria on 
March ?9 U XMM MY aoMMr are not available, but the report indicates 

jhe mission our planes encountered hostile fighters 
;he eneu 5 >le your son's bomber sustained damage and was seen to 

, , / ri( > Lr , , , ; j :? states that this occurred at 

about 1:45 over Eastern Austria. The crew members of other planes 
in th® formation were unable to make further observation of your son s 
craft, therefore there is no other information available at this time, 

)\\o to wu&oooHy for military security, it is regretted that the 
name® of those who were in the plane and the names and addressee of their 
next of kin may not be furnished at th© present time. 

Th® great anxinty caused you by failure to receive more details con- 
ojyr/l-Lg r sqs § s disappearance is fully realised. Pl®&8@ be assured 
that any addi&lone 1 1 . *od will be conveyed Immediately 

to you by The Adjutant General or this headquarters. 

Very sincerely, 

-MM \ M.r 
0M@aM 5 M? o©rpe 0 

? . - i j m. ~~ 

_::^M » f Mr MM'*: J r - ' 


.The journey out s if it were to be, would be no simple hike 0 Ernie and 
the Captain kept moving^ sticking to the hills and the cower of the treeSo It 
wasn 9 t long before their rations were running low 0 During the fourth week 
they came to another small village,, It was in German territory but not German 
occupied*, Before they left 8 the Germans flew in on a bombing raido Ernie ran 
for cover but not fast enough 0 o a bomb shrapnel gashed his left shoulder 0 
They gave it what first aid they could but it wasn°t enough to keep it from 
becoming inf ectedo 

They kept moving and soon came to a farm where they were invited to 
supper o They really enjoyed the people and all the foodo They stuffed 
themselves as never before G But less than five minutes after leaving both 
were vomiting 0 o o apparently their stomachs couldn°t handle so much normal 

With their rations all but gone they turned to foraging and lifting eggs 
and anything else they could safely take c They kept moving and 6 S 7 and 8 
weeks later they were still in enemy territory . Ernie 0 s shoulder was badly 
festered and smelled worse than its wretched looko He had lost forty pounds, 
exhausted and had gotten to a point where he really didn°t care if he was 

captured or note Anything to end the ordeal would have been welcomedo 
Fortunately they soon came upon an underground operation in Northern Greece e 
Every few nights an American plane would come in to evacuate allied soldiers 0 
Each night they 9 d hike down from the hills and wait 0 On the third night the 
plane came and two exhausted but very happy airman climbed aboardo Looking 
back over their nine week escape route they figured they had covered over 860 
miles 9 which translates to 14 miles a day G 

Ernie 8 s shoulder was so bad that the doctors cleaned it right away* They 
wanted to do a skin graft but Ernie was more interested in getting homeo 
After some arm twisting and fast talking Ernie headed home on a 31 day leave . 
After leave he was sent to lew Mexico for six months rehabilitation; to make 
sure there wouldn 0 1 be any mental problems from his ordealo Again with some 
arm twisting Ernie was able to get a transfer to Fort George Wright in Spokane 
for the same treatment,. He wanted to be closer to home and to Wilda^ While 
Ernie was stationed at Spokane he and Wilda got married on August 7 S 1944 in 
Stevenson by a minister friend of Wilda 8 s family „ Karen was born in Stevenson 
on August 4 3 1945 o In October , with a scarred shoulder, a purple heart and a 
bronze star as mementoes, Ernie was mustered out of the service □ 

After the service they set up home in Stevenson e By then the Zschomler 0 s 
had moved to Stevenson where Henry was a security guard at the Cascade Locks o 
Ernie landed a job on the railroad crewo Later he started working in the 
woods for Broughton Lumber setting chokers and what ever o Linda was born a 
couple of years later on April 7 S 1947 in Vancouver, Washington^ 

In 1949 they moved north to Matlock settling on the 70 acres his dad gave 
him next to his brother Lester « The place was thick with fir, alder and brush 
but had no houseo The Scotts, a neighbor 9 had a barn that was falling down 
and Ernie talked Sam into letting him tear the barn down for salvage. With 
this he built what Wilda terms a shack; but one large and comfortable enough 
for the four of them« The place also needed a wello In those days most 
people couldn 0 1 afford to have their wells drilled. So they dug and dug. 
Wells had to be four feet square so there was room to dig deep. The sides 


,:,c2 ;;. 

(J) iPcic^ J , ^oiri - 2 c e ;: . : -hic:2. I;- 5 :: his 22:rdec was 

~ SiT'le 3d>2 -or^_^ Lvsme from 1949 to 1953. Piccu _^:e they moved to 

i:c3onai:» :o3ek near Port Angles. 

2^ ' L s!: ceo in Cliapfeor 12 . 

were held in place with cedar. Ernie dug most of it himself but had help from 
Lester, and from Wilda who pulled up and emptied the buckets of dirt and mud. 
Things went well except once when the rope slipped and the empty bucket 
whacked Ernie 1 s heado Twenty days and 40 feet later Ernie was standing in a 
fresh underground spring. 

During this time Ernie worked for Anderson-Middle ton, falling and 
trimming trees 0 It was - i i catch the crew bus 

at Brady. Then a long ride up above Quinault and a 90 minute hike to the 
timber. After 5 hours the homeward trip began 0 In all he was away from home 

13 hours but actually worked only 5 hours as the hike to and from the log si 
was part of the work day. 

In 1953 a forest fire devastated the area where Ernie was working and the 
crew was laid off. With money in short supply Ernie started logging his 
placeo Lester logged bis place at ~ - .he ~ Be bower hauling the 


fir to the millo The alder was sold as plug poles for use in paper rolls 0 
Ernie hauled load after load of plug poles in his old army jeep and homemade 
trailer to a small mill just past Schafer Park. They cut the cedar which they 
split into shakes and sold by the squareo 

Later, in 1953, Ernie and Wilda sold their 70 acres to Seeley Anderson G 
Seelej, in turn sold it to the Simpson Logging Company o The family, at first 
mo¥ed to Brady, renting a duplex from Seeley D It wasn't long before they were 
moving to a farm on the McDonald Creek along Highway 101 halfway between 
Sequim and Port Angeles e They brought up nine head of cattle from Matlock and 
Ernie found a new job, working in the woods 0 This job didn't last longo On 
the third day he was falling a hugh snag near a ridge above the roado When 
the snag fell it flipped up just missing Ernie and scooted down the banko ^ In 
its path stood the bosses parked pickupo Now unemployed and having 
experienced his third brush with death in the woods he felt it was time to 
find something less dangerous 0 He took a job in the finishing room at the ITT 
Rayonier pulp mill in Port Angeles 0 

At home Wilda and the two girls, Karen and Linda took care of the farm 
chores and kept the household running and the house in shape 0 One day, 
however, the well was having problems so Ernie was summoned to go down and see 
what could be doneo Ernie, with a rope around his waist, lowered himself <^ In 
the process he got wedged near the narrow bottom 0 After all else failed Milda 
tied the rope to the car 0 But to no availo The car tires just spun and 
smoked on the green grass 0 finally, a neighbor came over Q He wasn't quite 
so gentle o He 'gunned the car and took offo Ernie literally came a fly 9 n out 
of the ground. 

About a year after moving to McDonald Creek 9 Steven Ernest was born on 
May 8, 1954 and six years later Kim was born on December 4 S 196Q 0 Gradually 
the farming was replaced by horses for the kids 0 

Fishing has been Ernie 8 s long time hobby 0 It all started in ^ the early 
1960 11 So A friend from Oregon persuaded Ernie to go fishing with him at Lake 
Crescent in the Olympic National Park, The attraction, no license was needed 
and troll fishing was very relaxing 0 After a couple of trips and good 
catches,, Ernie had a new hobby c It wasn't long before his fishing was getting 
him in the media 0 In 1963 a photo of Ernie and his days catch appeared in the 
Port Angeles Evening News 0 In the early 1960's he was in "Field and Stream 90 
Magazine <> A short article by Frank Dufresne mentioned Ernie 0 s fishing, 
unfortunately we were unable to locate the articleo He seldom strayed from 
Lake Crescent but in 1965 he entered the Port Angeles Labor Day Weekend Salmon 
Derby. Yupl He caught a salmon, a 28 pounder. And yup, he won G The 
winnings : "a photo in the local paper s a hand shake from fellow contestant 
Governor Evans and a shining new Mercury Comet automobile o Here 3 s the fish 
story as told on the front page of the September 6 th , 1965 Evening News: 


Mill 11 

21-1^ i 1 > :^ mi:< 

B37 IV, V 

One more try for a bigger 
salmon paid off in a big way for 
i'Vi ■ v . , j « _ tl , Htu 2 , Box 1638 , 
Vifc 1 1 « - >a fishermen of the 
28th Port Angeles Salmon Derby @ 

jpvVviiuVg in the derby , held 
■imV j ; , : <act weather conditions 
Saturday and Sunday off Ediz 

f 1 ^>>/,-I fishing events A 

run of silvers, weighing from 
fo°Oik s to IS ?: _ r ^-j around 

onieL r U'V 'J'h^Vi a 

salmon on the ladder earlier , in 
the day l . v j_v,.. , , 

take one more crack about Is 30 e 
just one^half hour before the 
final boiib^ 

HE H001ED INTO HIS 28-pound 
beauty just off the point at 
1 s 45 . A j edge boat w< is ^ 1 1 i< j 1 >j 
and urged him to boat the fish 
and get it to the ..4 < . ■ -v 
the deadline . 

He managed to get the fish in 
the boat after it ran out three 
or four Vhue^v V- . r , 1 >•>< ' a 
rather small net. He Ima&sd th<a 
salmon with about eight iidkuvcas 
-r He then ^tl to felie 

b ^ ach, leaped into < V< ; vvn u 0 
ran the fish to the scales and 
made it just as the final boVf- 

It was V j -i no;, - 51 -._ - 7 <c-=l *- .. . Mc a] C ; h tc s-h^-i r 

present home at 624 N. Lincoln in Port Angeles. 

^ Ernie's biggest trout to date weighted in at 17 pounds 12 ounces. He 
didn f t keep track of how many he caught until 1983. That's when the IV 1 
Service began an environ* mtal monitoring program for Crescent Lake. During 
the 1983 season Ernie landed 67 and in 1984 he • " V 

All this makes it sound like all Ernie does is fish, actually he plays 
golf pre ft- "-ell. Well enough to have bagged four holes-in-one! 1 At work he 
transferred from the finishing room to the pui \. LehtL'z I > . L^ST, Then in 
1979 he moved over to the Environmental Section which operates the mil Is 

After 31 years at ITT Rayonior, Ernie retired at age 62. With 

though his official retirement didn D t begin until k^ou^ t , !m , 

meant more time with the family and 9 grandchildren, and of course it'll 
easier to find the time to fish, golf and get ready for the annual volleyball 
game at the family picnic. 


(Between Sequim and Poet Angeles) 

f ) Boai® aadl Wilda Nordwell 0 ^ 37 aci^ farm and om I qui LS53 to Jbob Fiom 
here they moved to 624 N @ Lincoln in Port Angeles. Birthplace of Kim and 
Steven Nor dwell. 

Directions! The farm is 6 miles west of Sequin and 8 miles east of Port 
Angeles From Sequin wabch lor Pier son , then Sherfourn Roaids c Just after 
corssing the McDonald Creek bridge . . . its small . . . turn right onto 
Barr Road and there it is e (Note? I have another map that says this road 
is Gonn Rd 0 o o so J:e :5 e -j r ± ;»erked Gunn Rd e ) 



Sit irff mmm 


Tkm nmt $hapi*£ i& your a « ti*a j&taftlad -tor you to write afe^Pt a mmw 
recent generation of you* family* . One* witfcatt* and typafl tatea it aad 
fciie book to a print, step^ lost cum punch- holes, : • tear apart -and put 
hmk -t&gathar again whii& you wait* If you ean*i find a. plao* 'Xet'-»e 

Before to end for now, sea if you can identify these photos. 

» « « « « ft* a bean fun!