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STotre Dame 

Disoe q.u.asi semper vloturus; vive quasi eras moritiirus. 

Volume XI. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, NOVEMBER 24, 1877. , Number 13. 

At the Grave of a College Friend. 

Three years ago to-day, my friend, 

They laid you here, 

And school-companions gathering round 
Tour lowly bier, 

Recalled old times and bade good-bye 
With many a tear. 

Ah, me 1 their sorrow passed away 
Like morning dew, 

And memory seldom wanders back 
My friend, to you ; 

Of youthful friendships, now remain, 

' Alas ! how few ! 

No headstone marks your grave, my friend, 

And men forget ; 

But God who called you hence so young, 

He loves you yet ; 

If I had died, would heaven or earth 
Have one regret ? 

Oh, then I’ll shape my life like yours, 

Although at best 

I’m weary with the world’s hard strife 
And long to rest 

Here in my mother’s arms, asleep 
Upon her breast. 

I’m trailing flowers o’er your grave, — 

I know they die,— 

But bright and pure again they’ll rise 
From where they lie, 

And in God’s sight, will bloom, my friend, 

Like you on high t 

E. J. M. 

English. Literature. 


To appreciate an author, then, we must keep one eye on 
the language in which he wrote, and the other on the times 
in which he lived. And this is true not only in general, 
hut also in particular. For instance, it is not enough for 
us to know that Charles Lamb was an Englishman, and 
wrote in the first years of the nineteenth century ; but, in 
order to sympathize fully with that delightful essayist, we 
must know that he was a thorough Londoner, that he was 
a friend of Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Leigh Hunt, and 
that the genial wit of his essays does but give vent to the 
deep home-sorrow which darkened his whole life. So, also, 
we must not only know the language of our author, but 
also the very dialect in which be wrote: the sweetness and 
fire of Burns will vanish if separated from his quaint Scot- 
ticisms: nor has anyone truly read old Chaucer but in his 

own ancient words, so agreeable to the charming simplicity 
of early times — even as it is said that Homer has never 
been read but in his own Greek. 

The greatest literature of antiquity was certainly that of 
Greece, the greatest of the middle ages was that of Italy, 
and the greatest of modem times is undoubtedly our own. 
Now, it is somewhat remarkable that each of these litera- 
tures was ushered in by a great poet — a poet who comes 
upon us suddenly, without any introduction, with no pre- 
decessors, no guide or teacher, a poet who finds a language 
in its infancy, who molds this language to his will, gives 
it form and beauty in his own verse, stamps his laws upon 
its constitution ; and then as suddenly departs, in the ful- 
ness of his renown, as if, like Lycurgus, he would thus fix 
his code upon the speech forever. 

Thus Homer, the greatest of the Greek poets, was also 
the first; Dante, the greatest of the Italians, was likewise 
the first; and if Chaucer, the first of the English poets, was 
not also the greatest, he was at least one of the greatest; 
and that is saying a good deal, in a literature which con- 
tains such names as Shakspeare, Spenser, Milton, Pope, 
Scott, Wordsworth, and Byron. 

Chaucer, then, did for the English what Homer and 
Dante did for the Greek and the Italian, — gave it regular- 
ity, beauty and respectability. Before Dante, no Italian 
would condescend to write in the vulgar speech of his 
country; so, before Chaucer, no writer of any pretensions 
to genius would venture to compose in the common lan- 
guage of the people, but sent forth his productions to the 
world in the Latin or in the French. 

We must here remember, that on their conquest of Eng- 
land, in 1066, the Norman French brought with them the 
language and the literature of France. For nearly three 
centuries this language and literature remained dominant 
in the conquered land, England under the rule of the Nor- 
mans being rather a French province than an independent 
nation, until the middle of the fourteenth century, when 
the use of the French language was discontinued under 
Edward the III, and when Chaucer began the glorious line 
of English authors. Thus English literature and the Eng- 
lish nation began together; Edward III being the first 
thoroughly English king of the Norman race, as Chaucer, 
also of the same race, was the first thoroughly English au- 
thor. The old poet Gower, the friend of Chaucer, wrote at 
first in Latin, afterwards in French; and, finally, when 
Chaucer had given the example, he made bold to compose 
in English. 

English literature, from Chaucer’s time to our own, may 
he conveniently, and very naturally, divided into two 
grand periods, the first extending from Chancer to Dryden, 
and the second from Dryden to Tennyson : the writers of 
the first period are styled the old English authors; and 



those of the second, the modem English authors,— and 
Dryden may he called the connecting link between them, 
being at once the last of the old writers and the first of the 

I have called this a natural division, as well as a con- 
venient one; for the two classes differ quite as much in 
kind as in time. In the early writers we find more sim- 
plicity, more imagination, more sweetness, — in a word, 
more nature ; in the later, we find more regularity, more 
reason, more knowledge, — in a word, more art; the old 
writers have a deeper knowledge of men and things in their 
individual character, the moderns have a wider acquaintance' 
with men in society, and with things in 'their scientific 
relations: the former are wise singers; the latter, learned 
thinkers; not that wisdom and song, and learning and 
thought are not common to them all, hut only that the 
light of wisdom and the glory of song are first with the 
elder writers, while certainty of knowledge and compre- 
hensiveness of thought are more characteristic of the mod- 
erns. Which give us more pleasure may well he doubted .- 
the old writers lift us into the region of the ideal, which is 
above us," while the later writers lift the veil from the real, 
which surrounds us. 

To illustrate this difference, compare a poem of Milton’s, 
the latest of the distinctively elder poets, with one of 
Tennyson’s, the latest of the moderns ; taking for this pur- 
pose, the Hymn on the Morning of Christ’s Nativity, by 
Milton, and the Loksley Hall of Tennyson, two of the 
most splendid lyrics that ever flowed from the lips of mjm. 
In Milton’s Hymn, in which he has been beautifully called 
a belated worshipper at the crib of- Bethlehem, notice 
what an ideal glory he sheds over the whole theme, the 
sky, the air, the plain, the sea, the temples of the terrified 
gods and the manger of the dreadful Infaut. t We forget 
ourselves, and are insensibly drawn into his charmed region 
of intellectual light and of harmony. 

This is the elder poetry, after it had attained the highest 
polish and melody f.'om the glorifying hand of Milton. 

Let us then turn to the modern poem, where the individ- 
ual man is lost in the human race, where the world is no 
longer ideal, but intensely real, where commerce, wealth, 
power, knowledge, and the bettering of society arc the all- 
absorbing topics. The melody of poetry is still present; for 
no one ever more surely caught the witchery of words, or 
the rich flow of verse, than Tennyson : but, as in Milton’s 
poem the ideal glory of the imagination clothes all things, 
so in Tennyson’s we perceive that it is this real world of 
ours which is penetrated, and the veil lifted, by the keener 
practical modern intellect. We perceive also, if we look 
closely, that the elder poet proceeds with more ease, the 
melody seeming, to swell forth from the fulness of his soul ; 
while, in the modern, there is present a scarcely concealed 
toil, a labor aud effort, crowned indeed with success, but yet 
none the less a labor, as of one suffering under the burden 
of life. 

“ ’Tis the place, and all around it, 

As of old, the curfew’s call, 

Dreary gleams about the moorland 
Flying over Loksley Hall.” 

Some think that English literature has degenerated since 
the time of Milton, while others think that the moderns are 
superior to the old writers. It is said that Byron preferred 
PopetoShakspeare; on the other hand, it is well known that 
Milton thought he had come into the world one generation 
too late. The truth is that the modern literature is differ- 

ent from the ancient; not superior, nor yet inferior. Both are 
excellent in their kind; and while the old writers are 
more ideal, more beautiful and far more grand and simple, 
the moderns are much better judges, and are not so coarse 
in thought or expression. The language of the old writers 
is as careless as that of the moderns is careful. Shak- 
speare never blotted a word; but Pope blotted and re-blot- 
ted, corrected and re-corrected ; and Wordsworth kept some 
of his poetry by him for over twenty years, that he might 
ensure its absolute perfection. This the old writers would 
consider mere trifling. The freedom of the old writers 
makes them all, even the prose writers, instinctively poeti- 
-cal ; while the moderns are as instinctively critical. Hence 
history, whether of public affairs, or of private life in the 
form of fiction and essay-writing, has flourished most since 
the time of 'Dryden^andXMiltou^ and even verse itself has 
often taken this prosaic character; while previous to that 
time all literature, even the historical, took the form of story 
and chronicle, or of grand imaginative creation. Sir Thomas 
More and Bacon were poets, as well as Spenser and Shak- 
speare; while Pope and Tennyson are often essayists 
quite as much as poets. The chief of the old writers were 
Chaucer, the inimitable story-teller; Spenser, the luxu- 
riant composer of allegory; Shakspeare, the first of dra- 
matists; Bacon, who shared with Aristotle the title of legis- 
lator of philosophy; and Milton, the most sublime of 
epic poets. These are the five great names, the dii majores, 
of the elder English literature; their career extends over 
what may be termed the first three hundred years of 
English history, from the. beginning of the rule of Edward 
the Third to the end of that of Cromwell. Chaucer be- 
longed to the court of Edward III, being a statesman as 
well as poet; and Milton was an officer of the govern- 
ment of Cromwell, being also a statesman and poet; while 
Spenser, Shakspeare and Bacon belonged to the time of 
Elizabeth and James I, Bacon being for a time Lord High 
Chancellor under James. Spenser aud Shakspeare, though 
favorites at court, were never employed as officers of the 
government. It is remarkable that these three men, three 
of the greatest that ever lived, should each have been in 
frequent attendance at the same court; but it is still more 
remarkable that they were perhaps unacquainted with one 
another. Our wonder at this is increased when we reflect 
how near alike they were in age. Spenser ,wjs but an 
eight-year-old boy when Bacon was bom, while Bacon 
himself was only a three-year-old at the birth of Shaks- 
peare. The mystery, however, is readily solved when we 
remember that each belonged to a very different class of 
society. Spenser was a poet, pure and simple, fond of re- 
tirement, modest and bashful in presence of the great, and 
during the period of his renown was probably but a rare 
visitant at the court, residing on an estate in the south of 
Ireland. Bacon was quite the opposite of all this, a 
lawyer, an office-seeker, closely allied to the nobility, and a 
student of science rather than of literature : he had prob- 
ably very little sympathy with the fairy-land of Spenser 
and the rich luxuriance of his verse. As for our glorious 
Shakspeare, the most gifted of Englishmen, he was only a 
play actor, and in those days a play actor was little better 
than a vagabond.. Besides these five great writers, there 
are many minor ones connected with each. 

The elder literature of our language is thus clearly 
marked and easily traced, as was noticed long ago by Pope. 
But the case is not the same with the modern literature. 
In the former we see great luminaries at well-defined in- 



tervals, each surrounded by its lesser lights; but in the lat- 
ter there is a stream of lights, with scarcely a dark place 
from Dryden to Tennyson; and their separation, for, the 
purpose of grouping and classification, is much more diffi- 
cult. What adds to the difficulty is that the lesser lights 
are relatively much more brilliant than those of tbe for- 
mer period, while on the other haud the great luminaries 
are much more rare. Indeed, it is doubtful whether all 
modern literature presents one name which deserves to rank 
with those of Chaucer, Spenser, Shakspeare, Bacon and Mil- 
ton ; if there are any that deserve so great an honor they 
are perhaps those of Edmund Burke and Walter Scott. 
Thus there has been a levelling process in our literature: 
the number of good writers is increased, the number of 
great ones is diminished; whether the average result is 
higher or lower must be decided by the tastes and necessi- 
ties of each reader. 

The tendency of the literature of the present day is tow- 
ards more earnestness. There is an evident impatience of 
poetry and fiction, except of the severer types, and a pref- 
erence for historical and scientific topics; and the graces 
once to be found only in the lighter forms of composition 
are now thrown around the gravest subjects of discourse. 

Visit of the Papal Delegate to the College of St. 


Editor Notre Dame Scholastic .-—The thirteenth of 
November, 1877, shall ever remain a joyously memorable 
day for the inmates of the various educational institutions 
clustered in and about the parish of St.*Laurent, near Mon- 
treal, and placed under theklirection of the members of the 
Congregation of the Holy Gross; for they have received 
on this day within their honored walls His Excellency 
Dr. Conroy, Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise, and Ab- 
legate of our immortal Pontiff, Pius IX. 

To day, from early morning, all hands and heads were 
busy to do honor in a fitting manner to so exalted a per- 
sonage, wno had previously deigned to appoint the day and 
hour of his intended visit. Students, Priests and Brothers 
vied with one another in their zeal for a worthy reception 
of their august visitor. Brass bands and choruses re- 
hearsing their parts; college Societies in their regalia, 
assembling and deliberating; addresses and songs in vari- 
ous languages resounding in every corner ; flags of many 
nations — prominent among which were the Roman and 
the Irish flags— floating on the tops of every building; 
wreaths, evergreens, mottoes, and other decorations meet 
ing the eye everywhere. Such were the evidences of fes- 
tivity which struck the eyes and ears of your correspond 
ent as he went about taking his usual matutinal walk. 

The day was lovely — a real Indian-summer day! not a 
cloud in the sky; the aspen-leaf itself, loath to lose its 
hold on the parent branch at the touch of the frost, but 
slightly waving to and fro ; a balmy air loaded with that 
peculiar fragrance of a warm autumnal day; all nature 
lulled into a kind of placid and charming stillness fore- 
shadowing a quiet and gentle sleep during our Canadian 
winter. All these entrancing sensations added their lovely 
burden to the sweet sensations excited in every heart at the 
near approach of His Excellency, who, at precisely one o’- 
clock, p. m., stood in a carriage drawn by four magnificent 
horses in front of the College of St. Laurent. 

The college brass band at once struck up a lively air whilst 

Mgr. the Ablegate, accompanied by the venerable Superior 
of the Seminaire de St. Sulpice, the Very Rev. J. M. Boyle, 
and a goodly number of the regular and secular clergy of 
the city ofj Montreal and its suburbs, was led into the 
chapel, which is, I believe, one of the most beautiful and 
spacious that can be seen in any college on this continent. 
From the chapel His Excellency passed into a large and 
splendidly decorated drawing-room where all the members 
of the Community were assembled, and who were pre- 
sented to him by their beloved Superior, Rev. L. Geoffrion, 
in a few eloquent and touching words, to which His Emi- 
nence responded in a short speech full of cordiality and 
good will; and he brought the reception to a close by im- 
parting to all present the blessing of tbe Holy Father. 
This part of the programme being over, Mgr. the Ablegate 
and suite went to the exhibition-hall, where two hundred 
and eighty students were assembled to welcome him. It 
was really a grand sight. The vast room magnificently 
decorated throughout; such a large number of fine young 
gentlemen— every one of them the very picture of health 
and contentment — with their nobly self-sacrificing and kind 
Professors and prefects at their head ; a score of learned, 
venerable and worthy priests forming two semi-circles on 
an elevated platform ; and above all His Excellency, Mgr. 
the Ablegate, with a singularly striking presence and most 
benign countenance, standing in their midst. All these 
various elements with their contrasts and peculiarities 
served by their concourse to form a tableau which wa 3 
certainly very striking and pleasing. 

No sooner had His Excellency entered the hall than the 
Band discoursed another air, which was, however, for a 
few moments entirely drowned by the clapping of six hun- 
dred hands. Music and plaudits having played their re- 
spective parts, and' all being now hushed into complete 
silence, two young gentlemen issued forth from the the stu- 
dents’ ranks, aDd advancing to the middle of the hall, stood 
right in front of His Excellency — each holding a large 
parchment in his hand. They were the little delegates of 
the studeuts of St. Laurence’s College appointed to address 
the great delegate of the Sovereign Pontiff and King, Plus 
IX. Master John F. King, of Fall River, Mass., read in 
a very manly and pleasing style one of the best English 
addresses I have ever listened to in a college hall. It can 
hardly be possible that such an admirable production was 
written by a mere student : perhaps a certain Professor of my 
acquaintance, a clergyman of great learning and taste, had 
lent kind assistance to the young gentleman in compos- 
ing it. The French address was delivered by Master Ben- 
jamin Lecaralier, of St. Laurent, who acquitted himself of 
the honor conferred uponhimby hisfellow-studentsiuavery 
creditable manner, for his address was couched in elegant 
French, and his delivery was very good. Addresses being 
concluded, His Excellency replied to them in a manner 
both extremely graceful and felicitous. His ten-minute 
speech was a model of its kind — eloquent, chaste and prac- 
tical. And when at its conclusion he begged the worthy 
Superior to be good enough to give a three days’ conge 
(recreation) to the “boys,” a grand, loud and prolonged 
applause greeted, as you may imagine, the erira-ordinary 
request, by the whole assembly. Thus and there ended 
the reception by the students of His Excellency, who im- 
mediately went to pay a visit to the large and beautiful 
church of the parish of St. Laurent — a parish of nearly 
three thousand inhabitants, and all Catholics— and good 
Catholics at that — and one of the oldest in Canada. His 



Eminence was accompanied thither by all the priests and a 
large delegation of the parish. The church was full of 
people, who had come from far and near to receive the 
blessing of the eminent -Envoy of His Holiness the Pope. 
Having sat on a splendid throne erected for the occasion, 
an address in French was delivered to him in the name of 
the congregation by a most worthy, devoted and generous 
member of it, Mr. Bongie. His Excellency agreeably sur- 
prised everyone present by replying to the well-written ad- 
dress in admirable French. After having spoken for fully 
ten minutes, he gave the Papal blessing to' the assembled 
multitude and then withdrew, whilst the organ was pealing 
.forth a stirring march, to the adjoining Convent and Acad- 
emy of the Marianite Sisters of the Holy Cross, where j 
another beautiful reception was extended to the eminent 
Bishop by the devoted Sisters and their numerous and 
well-trained pupils. But the afternoon was far advanced, 
and it was necessary to somewhat curtail the programme 
both at the College and Convent, for His Excellency the 
Ablegate had promised good Father Gastineau to visit his 
very interesting little family of eighty little boys— all from 
the age of five to twelve— ere he would return to the city 
of Montreal. The College, so ably and so paternally directed 
by Father Gastineau and his worthy assistants is situated 
at the Cote des Neiges, a short distance from St. Laurent, 
and just at the northern extremity of the city of Montreal. 
This institution is a dependency of St. Laurent ; it is de- 
signed and set apart for the reception of the younger pu- 
pils, between the ages stated above, viz., five and twelve. 
There are now in that interestng institution eighty such 
pupils, all boarders, and belonging to some of the wealth- 
iest inhabitants of Montreal and other cities. His Excel- 
lency was received in their midst with every possible dem- 
onstration of joy and love, and he fairly beamed with pleas- 
ure to find himself surrounded by them. Addresses were 
made, songs were sung, and instrumental music was per- 
formed by the little fellows in such a surprisingly perfect 
manner as to command the admiration of all present. And 
when I say all present, I mean not only the corps of Pro- 
fessors and the pupils, but also quite a concourse of people 
— Protestants and Catholics, who had come to the College 
of Notre Darne des Hedges either to see His Excellency 
and receive his blessing, or to witness the reception, which 
deed was a grand affair. It is needless to say that Mgr. 
the Ablegate was immensely pleased with all he saw and 
heard, and testified Ins pleasure by some very charming 
words which he addressed to “ his little boys.” 

I regret, Mr. Editor, that I have not had sufficient time 
to put my hurriedly written communication into a better 
form ; but, at least, I have the satisfaction of sending you a 
faithful account of the reception of the eminent Ablegate 
of the Pope, by the members of the Congregation of the 
Holy Cross and their pupils in the educational institutions 
at St. Laurent. “ Quill Pex.” 

— An ingenious use of carrier pigeons is on record. 
They were employed in Belgium to smuggle tobacco into 
France. Each bird carried from ten to fifteen grammes of 
the weed, and two dozen pigeons per day were regularly 
dispatched. How long the new industry had been estab- 
lished is not stated; but one day it came to grief. A bird 
was too heavily loaded, and he dropped, with his burden, 
exhausted, into the Seine. A police inquiry resulted, and 
the whole business was exposed. 



Even in the present enlightened nineteenth century it 
is not at all surprising to see a whole nation agitated by 
the mighty question of the education of its masses; the 
subject is one of paramount importance to all; and, es- 
pecially so to Catholics, who feel not only that their rights 
are compromised, on the one hand, but that the very bul- 
wark of their Faith — that Faith made sacred by the blood 
of martyrs — is threatened by Infidelity under the cloak of 
liberality, and that it behooves them, to act with a firm, 
stern determination. The Church, which stretched forth 
her hand in the gloom of paganism, and led the nations from 
the chaotic night of barbarism to the light of faith, civ- 
ilization and refinement, has been told by the advocates of 
a visionary and insecure progress that she is unfitted for 
the education of her own children. The State must rear 
them, the State must form their minds, and give their 
intellect the desired bent, that they may step forth upon 
the world’s stage, model citizens and model men. It'i3 true 
that our material progress has been great— I am not one 
who would cry down the spirit of laudable interprise ; I am 
perhaps as patriotic in my feelings, too, as the noisest 
demagogue among us, but I am surprised that men of keen 
judicial perception and legal ability — men who on a ques- 
tion of finance and politics could reason to an infinitesimal 
fraction, are on this point so lamentably short-sighted. 
The very Constitution of our country, which contains the 
noblest and most liberal enactments— the generous prompt- 
ing of America’s greatest minds— is disregarded and con- 
temned, and the dearest rights of men are tampered with. 

We are not without illustrations of the beneficial (?) ef- 
fects of State education. They have shown themselves most 
unmistakably of late in the conduct of many of our most 
prominent statesmen, and in much of the public press, 
which is made subservient to the will of demagogues, 
where Christian utterances are choked, arid press and peo- 
ple show signs of rank infidelity and atheism. It is true 
the child lias had all the advantages of a first-class educa- 
tion, as far as the head was concerned; sciences, arts and 
even accomplishments have been taught the poor man’s 
children just as well as the millionaire’s. The tattered 
books and broken slates, the sometimes only half qualified 
teachers of old have been exchanged for the spacious rooms 
of a grand institution supported at the State’s expense, and 
conducted by competent teachers. All this is very fine, as 
far as it goes— very grand, very seductive. But what has 
been the result of All this? Has the child been really ben- 
efitted? has his passions been restrained? and has he been 
taught to keep the necessary check upon his impulses? Has 
he been taught to avoid evil and do good? — that there is a 
just God who will reward the one and punish the other? 
Has he been taught that God is the only source of all true 
knowledge? Has he been taught his duties to God and to 
his fellow-men? If not, what will all this human science, 
this dry knowledge avail ? He may have completed the 
circle of all the most difficult sciences; he may have car- 
ried his rule and compass to the orbits of the stars, and 
traced their courses ; his reasoning may have deduced new 
mathematical wonders from the old ; his grasp may com- 
prise in its amplitude all the learning now taught; but if 
he is ignorant of the great science, the science of God and 
holy things, — if in his reasoning he cannot find one theory, 



one proposition, one hypothesis, by which he may demon- 
strate his Creator’s existence,— then indeed, the scholar 
of a State’s formation is beggarly poor in true knowl- 
edges and a very child among the Children of religious 

And if religion were to be taught in these palaces of 
schools, of what denomination would it be, without doing 
injustic to many ? The Presbyterian Wants ' his - own 
religious - training, the Episcopalian will not submit to 
a violation of his peculiar tenets, the Catholic is not 
willing to sacrifice his Faith, preserved for a period of 
nearly nineteen liuudred years. Catholics cannot conscien- 
tiously educate their children where their religion is ig- 
nored or turned into ridicule. If no religion is taught, 
then God forbid any child should enter an institution 
where religion is disregarded — where heaven and hell are 
left out of question or considered only as secondary things; 
where the head alone is trained, and the heart left the 
passive tool of the basest' passions. The education of the 
public school is not, properly speaking, education at all — 
for it only educates the head, at the expense of the heart; — 
education here is a misapplied term. It may do for the 
present, although it has even failed in this respect, but 
when'the earth, and all that is of earth shall pass away, the 
God that created us will not ask for proficiency in human 
sciences when we are called before His tribunal. Then the 
proudest human achievements will be as nothing, not even 
specks in the ruins of time, undistinguishable in the gen- 
eral wreck; while those who have taught the science of 
God, and caused His name to be revered, will shine as 
bright stars during all eternity. The affairs of men, at best, 
are but the short-lived ephemera of a day ; come into ex- 
istence, exist for a brief period, pass away, and are heard 
of no more. 

Progressists scoff at and laugh to scorn piety, and mock 
at religious things. Whence does this arise ? Mainly from 
the school system of our time. They jeer at the warnings 
of God and His Church, aud create for themselves a golden 
calf, which they bow down to and worship. Mot so was it 
in the schools of the olden time, notwithstanding all the 
noisy clamor that has been raised against their memory, 
the fact remains incontrovertible that it was the monks 
aud nuns who civilized Europe, and through Europe, the 
world. The monks broke the chains of barbarism and ele- 
vated man ; the nuns refined and taught woman the dignity 
of her position. 

Education is indeed revolutionizing the world ; but how ? 
In the manner in which human reason and infidel philoso- 
phy revolutionized France. This is the manner in which 
education, godless education, is destined to move the world. 
Its results have already been felt in the nations of Europe, 
and across the Atlantic’s surging billows it comes to our 
shores, laden with all the deadly malaria of death. The 
lesson of Europe’s better days should teach us wisdom. 

Education is too important a thing to trifle with. “As 
the twig is bent the tree inclines,” is an old adage, and 
when a wrong bent is given to a nation’s manners and 
moral laws, its fate is sealed. The nations that once were 
called, and deservedly called great, but which made God 
and His law secondary to human rule, have fallen, and in 
their humbled condition, mocked by the ruins of former 
greatness, they teach all the important lesson that power, 
wealth, fleets, armies, are weak and impotent before the 
puissant glance of an angry God. Whatever may be the 
boasted scientific merits of the defenders of error, they are 

still pigmies, even in their own learning, compared to the 
champions of truth. 

Scientific Notes. 

— Some live ants, said to be stingless, have been imported 
from Australia and presented to Sir John Lubbock. 

— The large collection of birds’ skins and egg3 made by 
Mr. Seebohm in Northern Russia last summer, and sup- 
posed to have been lost in the wreck of the Thames, has 
reached England in safety. 

—One of the giraffes in the New York Aquarium died a 
few days ago, and, a half-hour after, the other one hurt it- 
self so badly in a spasm of fright over the hippopotamus 
that it was not expected to live. 

— According to Les Mondes the predictions of the 
weather telegraphed by The JTeio York Herald to Europe 
are verified about six times out of seven. M. Le Verrier 
expressed great satisfaction with their accuracy. 

— Among the recent inventions of this sort, which are fav- 
orably spoken of is a European one which operates by the 
expansion of silver- wire, that moves a train of wheel-work, 
so as to regulate the height of the carbons. 

— The young naturalist. Earnest Morris, sailed for Brazil 
from New York, Nov. 2d, in company with Mr. E- P. Rand, 
a botanist from Boston. It is the intention of the parties 
to make an extended exploration of the Amazon and its 
southern branches. 

— Twelve falls of meteorites have been collected in the 
United States in the last eighteen years, and eight of these 
have fallen in the region of the Western prairies. Of the 
twenty falls of meteorites observed in the United States in 
the past sixty years, ten have occurred in the same region, 
and from these ten falls twenty times more mineral sub- 
stance had been collected than from the ten happening in 
other districts. 

— In the orangery of the Palace of Versailles there is a 
magnificent orange-tree, called “The Grand Constable,” 
which is more than 450 years old. It sprang from the 
seed of a bitter orange which Eleanore of Castile, the wife 
of Charles III, of Navarre, planted in a pot, at the begin- 
ning of the fifteenth century. It was transferred from 
Pampeluna to Versailles in 1634, and as yet 8hows no signs 
of the infirmities of age. 

— According to Forest and Stream, a red-headed wood- 
pecker was observed, near Indianapolis, last May, in the 
act of sucking the eggs of a turkey. Six eggs had been 
sucked before the depredation was discovered. The red- 
head kept watch of the turkey while she was on the nest, 
and, immediately upon her leaving, flew to the spot and 
perforated the egg, extracting about two-thirds of the yolk, 
and then flying away. 

— A new method for obtaining oxygen cheaply is an- 
nounced by M. Zenno. The full details are not given, 
but it is stated that the gas is obtained by the reaction of 
potassic permanganate and baric peroxide, placed together 
in water. These salts are cheap, and are said to yield 200 
centimetres of the gas for every gramme of the mixture. A 
cheap supply of oxygen would be more valuable to the 
world than the discovery of a score of silver mines. 

— Fourteen specimens of the gigantic squids, or devil- 
fish, belonging to the genus Architenthis, have been cap- 
tured during the last few years, — thirteen upon the Atlan- 
tic coast, and one upon the Pacific. The specimen lately 
taken on the shore of Newfoundland, and now preserved 
in the New York Aquarium, is the Architenthis princeps, 
which had been previously described by Prof. -Verrill 
from a pair of jaws found in the stomach of a sperm-whale. 

— The latest improvement in the telephone is a bell- 
signal. This was very much needed to complete the in- 
strument, since, without such aid, it has been exceedingly 
difficult for a person using the telephone to call the atten- 
tion of a hearer at the other end of the line. The bell-call 
operates without the need of a battery; it is effected by 
simply turning a wheel, which causes magnetic coils to 
revolve, giving a current sufficient to move the number of 
a bell at the other end of the wire. 



— The memoirs of Hans Hendrik have been written in 
Greenlandish, and will be translated and edited by Dr. Rink. 
It will be remembered that Hans Hendrik and his wife 
and three children were among the nineteen persons be- 
longing to Capt. Hall’s Arctic Expedition who drifted on 
a cake of ice down to Newfoundland, and were subse- 
quently brought to the United States. He had been en- 
gaged in all the principal expeditions through Smith's 
Sound. In 1853 he was associated with Kane in the ex- 
pedition from Fiskernaes; in I860 he accompanied Hayes; 
in 1871, Capt. Hall ; and in 1875 served under Nares in the 
English Arctic Expedition. 

— If the rain-tree of Peru is capable of doing all that is 
related of it, and can be propagated, it might be of great 
service in the arid portions of our southwestern territory. 
One of the consuls of the United Stales of Columbia has 
addressed to his home government a letter describing the 
tree as it appears in the woods adjoining the city of Moyo- 
bamba, in Peru. It is called by the natives the tamta- 
caspi; i. e., the raining tree. At all times it drips moisture 
from its leaves and branches, and in some instances the 
ground around it has become a swamp. The property of 
the tree appears to increase in the dry season. The height 
of the tree is stated at about fifty feet ; diameter at base, 
somewhat over a yard. 

— A Liverpool correspondent of The English Mechanic 
describes an engine in which gunpowder was to give the 
motive power. There was a cylinder, etc., like the cor- 
responding parts of a high-pressure steam engine. Outside 
the cylinder was a brass wire, heated by a lamp. The 
supply of gunpowder was in a hopper, from which a plug- 
tap, revolving with the fly-wheel, carried a small quantity 
of gunpowder, and at a certain point in the movement 
dropped the portion of powder on the red-hot wire. The 
working of the engine is thus epitomized: “The theory 
was beautiful; but upon the first trial, unfortunately, the 
whole affair ‘went off’ so completely (very nearly taking 
father’s head along with it) that he* let it went,’ and did 
not make anymore.” 

Art, Music and Literature. 

—A posthumous work of Theophile Gautier, in two vol- 
umes, entitled “L’Orient,” consisting of studies on eastern 
subjects is about to be issued in Paris. 

— A German paper says that there have been recruited 
for the opera stage this year twelve men and fourteen 
women of noble and aristocratic families. 

^Mr. Swinburne’s forthcoming volume will contain a 
selection from his translations of Francois Villon’s poems, 
and also some of Swinburne’s Latin verses. 

— An exhibition embracing most of the works of the late 
esteemed Norwegian painter, Adolf Tidemand, has been 
held in the University at Christiania during the summer. 

— An important book on Egypt will be Dr. Klunzinger’s 
"Upiier Egypt; Its People and Its Productions,” being a 
description of the people of the Nile valley, the desert, and 
the Red Sea coast. 

— A lawyer of Pesth has left a legacy of 30,000 florins to 
the ballet of the theatre. When any ballerine contracts a 
“legitimate marriage” she is to receive a share of the ac- 
cumulated interest. 

— The sale of Archbishop Gibbons’ work, “The Faith of 
Our Fathers,” has reached twenty-five thousand copies, 
said to be the largest sale yet attained in this country by 
any Catholic work. 

— The demand for Pierce’s “Memoir of Sumner” was 
so great as not only to postpone the day of publication 
until a second edition could be printed, but to exhaust that 
as soon as it was issued. 

— Archbishop Trench of Dublin, never allows his little 
books in the English language to be stereotyped, because 
he wishes to revise each edition, so as to keep them abreast 
of the philology of the day. 

— One of the holiday books will be a new translation of 
Fritjhof’s “ Saga,” which has the endorsement of Mr. Long- 
fellow, with illustrations by a Scandinavian artist who 
bears the significant title of A. Maelstrom. 

. — A geneial inventory has been taken by the French 
ministry of all the public libraries of France. More than 
two hundred towns have been found to possess a library 
numbering from ten to twenty thousand volumes. 

— A London publishing house named Adam & Co., has 
published a bonk entitled “ General Grant, His Life and 
Times ”; depending on the interest of Grant’s receptions for 
the sale, but the speculation is reported as not doing well. 

— The first Gewandhaus concert took place at Leipsic, 
Oct. 11. A new piano concerto in C, by Carl Reinecke, 
was played by the celebrated conductor, and an overture 
in A and the symphony in E flat of the late Julius Rietz 
(from 1848 to 1860 head of the institution) began and ended 
the concert. 

— Messrs. Cassell, Petier & Galpin have Issued their 
annual “Catalogue of Illustrated Bonks.” comprised of 
specimen pages from their finest publications, as the Dore 
Bible, the Dore Dante, the Leopold Shalcspeare, etc. The 
work clearly exhibits the high order of merit which the 
art of wood-engraving has attained at the present day. 

— It is not generally known that there is an extensive salt 
lake on the top of the Tehachepi mountain in California, 
about six miies southwest of the point where the Southern 
Pacific Railroad crosses the mountains. The lake is some- 
what difficult of access, but salt is gathered from the bottom 
of the lake, where it lies in layers from one to six inches 
thick, and shipped to San Francisco. 

— Seven of the engraved stones stolen from the cases of 
the British Museum on the 15th of June last, and sold by 
the thief to the Cabinet of Medals and Engraved Stones at 
the Hague, have been restored to the British Museum by 
the kepeer of the collectiou, through the Dutch Legation. 

— The Dublin University Magazine, which has for thirty 
years borne the name of a Loudon publisher, and for seven 
has been conducted and printed there, is to drop the 
“Dublin” and become simply The University Magazine. 
About twenty years ago the magazine contained a some- 
what sharp criticism upon the administration of Trinity 
College, Dublin, and the sinecurism of the governing body. 
TheUniversity booksellers were then forbidden to continue 
its publication, and since that time the connection between 
the periodical and the University of Dublin has been little 
more than nominal. 

— The first original work by Praxiteles, the famed great- 
est of Greek sculptors, that the modern world has ever seen, 
has been found in the temple of Zeus at Olympia. It is a 
colossal marble statue of a nude youth, of which the lower 
part of the right fore-arm are wanting; absent, also, is the 
form of a little boy which had well rested upon the left 
arm. The sculpture is exquisite, and the head is marked 
by the finest and most spiritualized youthful beauty. The 
statue perfectly agrees with the description of -a marble 
Hermes carrying the boy Dionysius, by Praxiteles, which 
was recorded by the historical Pausanias as a gift to the 
temple in his day. 

— A note is made in the report of the “United States 
Centennial Commission, International Exhibition, Group 
II,” upon the sudden and remarkable development of the 
potter’s art in the United States, and upon the abundant 
deposits of superior materials that exist within our boun- 
daries. Coarse pottery has long been manufactured in the 
country, but table-ware of hard porcelain of a good quality 
was first produced at Philadelphia about the year 1830. In 
1854 a pottery for the manufacture of white granite ware 
was established at Trenton, N. J. A successful imitation 
of the English wares of this sort was in time accomplished, 
and many other granite potteries have since been set up 
in different States. From 12,000 to 15,000 artisans are at 
present employed in these manufactories. The white 
granite which they produce resembles the English ware, is 
remarkably free from impurities, with a full and trans- 
parent glaze, having little tendency to craze. The forms 
are borrowed from the English and French wares. 

—The New York Times, in a notice of Dr. Damrosch’s 
matinees, says : “These performances, in spite of their partial 
resemblance to Mr. Thomas’ concerts, can hardly be con- 
sidered as arranged in imitation of the older concerts. 3Ir. 
Thomas’ programmes are nothing if not classical, while 
Dr. Damrosch’s programmes, while they contain nothing 



that is trivial and much that is sufficiently severe to de- 
light the purist in music, address themselves, also, to more 
miscellaneous audiences. Thus far, at all events, it has 
been proved that New York is sufficiently fond of music to 
encourage simultaneously Mr. Thomas’ concerts, the Phil- 
harmonic society’s performances— in respect of subscrip- 
tions just at present — and Mr. Damrosck’s efforts. The 
three entertainments which have lately been supplied by 
the exertions of the last-named musician have cleariy es- 
tablished the success of the whole projected series.” 

— In the Doric temple, supposed to be the Herseum, 
which was discovered at Olympia last winter, there was 
exhumed in May a colossal marble statue of a nude youth, 
that is pronounced by a correspondent of the Athencmm the 
most valuable contribution yet made by the excavations at 
this point to Science and Art. The savans in charge of 
the excavations believe the statue to be the Hermes of 
Praxiteles, which Pausanias speaks of as among the gifts to 
the Hermum. If this be so, we have now the finest original 
•work of that great artist. The description of the statue is 
as follows: The lower portion of the legs and the right 
fore-arm are wanting. With the left elbow he leaned upon 
the stem of a tree, supporting on his arm a little boy. Of 
the latter figure, unfortunately, only the lower part re- 
mains, and the tiny hand that he laid confidingly on the 
shoulder of his bearer. Over the tree-stem, on which the 
arm that supports the boy is rested, falls the drapery in 
rich, deep-cut, and wonderfully-worked folds, affording to 
the arm a resting-place, and gracefully hiding the sup- 
port of the tree-stem, which in this position was technically 
necessary. The body of the youth rests with an easy negli- 
gence on the left leg, so that the soft flesh of the right hip 
shows, in manifold displacements, the play of the muscles of 
the blooming, youthful form. The head is marked by the 
finest, most spiritualized youthful beauty, and somewhat 
resembles the heads we see on the Vatican Meleager or the 
Hermes of the Belvedere. The body, too, resembles those 
figures, only it is slenderer, softer, more vivacious. At 
the first glance, we are struck by the careless execution of 
the hair, which, in the parts that were usually unseen by 
the spectators, is only slightly indicated. The back of the 
statue is also les3 thoroughly wrought. 

Books and Periodicals. 

— The Catholic World for December is up to the usual 
high standard which it aims to reach. The contents are: 
I, Mr. Froude on the “Revival of Romanism;” II, To 
F. W. Faber, (Poem); III, Among the Translators; IV 
The Little Chapel at Monamullin ; V, Recent Polemics 
Irenics in Scholastic Philosophy; VI, Tota Pulchra, and 
(Poem); VII, The Mystery of the Old Organ; VIII, The 
German Element in the United States; IX, At the Church- 
Door, (Poem); X, A Sweet Revenge; XI, The Recent 
Protestant Episcopal Convention and Congress; XII, The 
Givilta, Cattolica on the Fortifications of Rome; XIII, Son- 
net; XIV, The Irish Hedge- Poets; XV, Religion on the 
East Coast of Africa; XVI, New Publications. 

Caricature and other Comic Art. By James Parton. New 

York, Harper Bros.; Chicago, Jansen, McClurg & Co. Price 


This is in great part a republicatiou of a series of articles 
published in Harper’s Magazine during the year 1875, with, 
however, considerable additions made subsequently. It is 
of course & fanny book, and its specimen illustrations will, 
no doubt, contribute to enliven many an otherwise weary 
hour of leisure. But the views put forward by the indus- 
trious author concerning the value of caricature are such 
as to lead us to believe that in devoting much of his time 
and attention to one subject, he has been naturally led into 
an over estimate of its worth. In his preface he tells us : 
“There must be something precious in caricature, else the 
enemies of truth and freedom would not hate it as they do.” 
And do none hate it but the enemies of truth and freedom? 
Would not Mr. Parton himself hate to be the subject of a 
popular caricature? Caricature is one of the few things 
that are odious in their own nature. Other things are 
odious simply because they are not understood or studied. 
Serpents, toads, loathsome reptiles and insects we hate, be- 

cause our knowledge of them is not sufficient to overcome 
the instinctive repulsion which their ^appearance excites. 
But the naturalist sees a beauty in them because he has be- 
gun to understand the harmonies of nature. A torn and 
mangled corpse is an object of horror and hatred to the vast 
majority of mankind, and it is well that it should be so, for 
this hatred and horror, arising from useful natural instinc’s, 
have a beauty of their own, but to the an itomist the dissec- 
tion of a human body opens new fields of admiration a3 he 
beholds the adaptation of the parts to the end fof which 
the Creator designed each. All the works of God, in short, 
are beautiful, and if there be anything intrinsically ugly, it 
is the perversity of the human will, whose external mani* 
festations are blasphemy, calumny and caricature. That 
caricature is sometimes acceptable to unperverted minds, 
is to be explained only on the principle of counter-irri- 
tants. We have been shocked by an exhibition of arro- 
gance, egotism, or pomposity. Unable to reach the cause 
of our resentment, we find relief to our feelings in carica- 
ture. We have falsely estimated the importance of some 
person or thing in relation to our own happiness. We dis- 
cover our mistake and avenge our common sense by cari- 
caturing our former idol. Now, it is not denied that carica- 
ture may have its uses and even its pleasures; but Mr. Par- 
ton is certainly in error if he thinks, as he appears to do, 
that it is destined to effect the regeneration of society, the 
abolition of warfare, or, in fact, any great or lasting good. 
His ideas with regard to the grotesque mouldings on the 
cornices and capitals of mediaeval catnedrals are altogether 
wrong and silly. They were intended, like everything else 
in them, to teach a useful lesson. Stand off and behold the 
edifice at one view, and you will not notice these minute 
details. On the contrary, your mind will be elevated and 
your ideas developed and refined by the grandeur of the 
proportions and the magnificence of the execution. But 
if you go groping around in holes and corners seeking for 
imperfections you will find them, at the same time that 
you lose the beauty of the first impression. If you had re- 
pressed an idle curiosity you would have carried away that 
first impression with you, and have gone home a better 
man. Those who seek evil, will find evil everywhere. 

Mr. Parton exhibits the usual hostility towards the 
Catholic Church that is to be expected in a regular contribu- 
tor to the Harpers’ publications. Speaking of a scurrilous 
paper published under the new order of things in Madrid, 
he observes : “ This reveling in the illicit and the indecent 
which so astonishes us in the popular literature of Catholic 
countries, is merely a sign of' impoverished mind, etc.,” 
about as judicious an observation as one might make in 
laying our Say's Doings or Police Gazette to. the account 
of the Methodists. He is not very correct in his rendition 
of continental terms and phrases, as, for example, where 
on page 232 he tells us that Cham is French for Shem, 
which displays an ignorance of Latin and Greek as well as 
of French. His idea also that the Comte de Noe means 
Connt Noah is of no account. But if we once get on this 
strain we shall not be able to stop, so let us close at once. 

— “You’re a smart fellow,” sneered a lawyer to a witness 
the other day in Brooklyn court. “ I’d return the compli- 
ment if I wasn’t under oath,” replied the witness. 

— Another branch of church discipline — Scene, country 
church Parson — “Verily, verily, I say unto you, thefe 

must be ” Clerk, (to the late comer with heavy boots, 

ascending gallery stairs)— 1 “Soilence in the gallery.” 

— A valley has recently attracted attention on Kings. 
River, Fresno County, Cal., which is forty-five miles long 
from east to west, and averages half a mile wide at the bot- 
tom. The Fresno Republican says: — “It lies 5,000 feet 
above the sea, and its walls, which are about 3,000 feet 
high, are very precipitous. In this valley a new grove of 
colossal redwood trees has been discovered. One of the 
trees eclipses all that has been discovered on the Pacific 
coast. Its circumference, as high as a man can reach and pass 
a tape-line around, is a few inches less than one hundred and 
fifty feet. This is beyond the measurement of any tree in 
the Calaveras grove. The height is estimated at one hun- 
dred and sixty feet, and a part of the top lying on the 
ground is over one hundred feet in length.” 



Notre Dame, November 34., 1877. 

The attention of the Alumni of the University of Notre Dame 
Ind., and of others, is called to the fact that the NOTRE DAME 
SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the eleventh year of its 
existence, greatly improved, and with a larger circulation than 
at the commencement of any former yean 


Choice Poetry, Essays, and the current Art, Musical and Liter- 
ary Gossip of the day. 

Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects con- 
nected with the University of Notre Dame. 

Personal Gossip concerning the whereabouts and the success 
of former students; 

All the weekly local news of the University, including the 
names of those who have distinguished themselves during the 
week by their excellence -in class and. by their general good 

A weekly digest of the news at St; Mary’s Academy, Notre 
Dame, Ind. 

Students should take it ; parents should take it ; and, above 

Old Students should take it; 

Terms, $1.50 Per Annum, Postpaid. 

Notre Dame, Indians. 

Whither are We Drifting? 

That is the question occupying the minds of all sober- 
thinking men of America to-day. It is a greater question 
by far than the one of present business depression and ruin, 
for our present moral condition is the cause of that crisis in 
business matters, and of the attendant ruin and distress. The 
cause 'was forgetfulness, or rather transgression of the sim- 
plest laws of natural right, as enforced by the teachings of 
the Founder of Christianity, and this transgression has oc- 
casioned all our misfortune and distress. We are a great na- 
tion in all material knowledge, in all scientific attainments. 
Our children are reared in the knowledge of all that man 
can learn, and their minds have been educated to the 
greatest possible degree. We far excel our fathers in ma- 
terial power, knowledge and advancement, and are at least 
equal to any nation on the earth in those attainments. 
Yet do we not every day see want, poverty', distress ? Has 
not the cry of the poor and suffering gone up daily from 
our great centres of trade and commerce ? ' Does not the 
country swarm with men idle, and desperate in their desire 
for work to earn their daily bread ? Have we not seen the 
sight of one of our fair cities disgraced by the cries of the 
mob, and the rioters crazed with poverty, and huugcring 
for bread, and yet destroying that which might grant it to 
them? Have we not in the near future to fear for a 
greater outbreak? Are not the social and the political 
foundations of our nation sapped by corruption, immoral- 
ity, and vice? Our Government is a standing reproach, 
and our nation is becoming noted for corruption and vice. 
It is this that far-seeing men fear when they view our 
people and its future. 

We have educated the head, not considering the heart of 
man, and we are now paying the just punishment. We 
but reap what we have sown. Man, left to himself in any 
respect, will in actions, if not in desires, sink to the brute. 

He does it in obedience to a law of his nature; that which 
is not forced on him he will not do. The easiest road will 
always be travelled, and, as a consequence, left to himself 
he would become animal in his whole nature. Man must 
be educated, and this education must be thorough and com- 
plete in order to lift him up to the higher destiny intended 
for him. There is an old saying, “E lucate the head only, 
we form a devil; educate the heart only, and we form 
an angel; but educate the heart and the head, and we 
form a man.” We were made to be men, and we should be 
educated to become such in the fullest sense of the term. 
Yet the heart’s education is neglected ; and conscience, mo- 
rality, and religion are despised in this age of progressand 
advancement. We are rapidly becomiug a nation of heart- 
less and conscienceless searchers after material advance- 
ment. Education is more than the attainnaent of dollars 
and cents, more than the knowledge of all the “ ologies ” of 
modern science, more than the ability to strive in the race 
for place and rank. Education should make men, not 
devils— should form law-abiding and moral citizens, not 
intellectual rogues and criminals. Yet the present general 
education has, if not turned men to crime, at least not de- 
terred them from it. Our greatest rogues are men that 
were educated, according to the common acceptation of the 
word. Have we by our education become any purer in our 
morals? more upright and honest in our private dealings? 
more law-abiding and sincere as citizens ? Have we not in 
all these gone down from the standard of our fathers rather 
than improved it? Another great and crying abuse of 
this head-education is the elevation of our youth above their 
level, and the consequent idleness and want. It is the in- 
evitable lack of moral training, and can be remedied by it 

This question of education is an all important one, on 
which much misrepresentation is abroad in the land. 
Our position as Catholics is well known, and our firm and 
unyielding assertion that religion and education must go 
hand in hand, has begun to arouse the attention of earnest 
Protestants. Our cry that in secular education lies danger 
to the State, is rousing them to the fact that not only this 
is true, but it also brings danger to their religious belief. 
Among the many noted Protestant protests against State 
education, one lately delivered by Rev. W. H. Platt, of 
Grace Church (Episcopalian), San Francisco, has attracted 
much attention by its plain and logical showing of the anti- 
Christian and anti-American tendencies of this system. We 
would advise our readers if possible to procure the sermon, 
and read it as delivered, for owing to our limited space we 
can but give a resume of his arguments and conclusions. 

The gentleman addressed his discourse to Protestant 
hearers, and spoke to them as such and as Americans. 
Taking as his text the following passage from St. James : 
“ Ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath, but bring 
them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.” 
(James, vi, 4), he on it made a most salutary appeal to them, 
as Protestants and as Americans, to Christianize education. 
He, speaking, says : 

“First, as Protestants, we should Christianize our education, 
because first, if our secular schools were instituted exclusively 
to build up Protestantism, they were a great blunder, for 
they are breaking it down; second, if to destroy Romanism, 
they are utter failures ; and third, if to break down all relig- 
ions, they are a crime against civilization.” 

Protestantism, if it would rear up its children in its be- 
ief, must train its youth in their religion. For this pur- 
pose it is not sufficient to teach the children no religion 



during tlie six days of. the week, and then on the seventh 
try to impress on their minds the truths of religion, of 
morality. Listen to the MercenJmrg Review , a paper of 
rank in the Lutheran Ciiurch : 

“It is not sufficient that the State educate during the six 
days of the week and the Church only one day. The Christian 
religion is a religion not only for Sunday but for every day. 
Can the Church permit her children' to live in the atmosphere 
of the world all the days of the week, have their associations 
with children of unbelievers, pursue their studies iu schools 
where no positive religious influence confronts’them, and ex- 
pect all will be made right by an hour of religious instruction 
on Sunday? This view goes on the supposition that the Chris- 
tian religion pertains only to one department of nature, and 
therefore can be satisfied by giving it only one portion of our 
time and attention. .... The two orders of our life, the 
religious and the secular, are not thus related. The latter, to 
be true and complete in its own sphere, requires the constant 
presence and benediction, at all points, of the former.” — JUcr- 
cersburg Review {Lutheran), January, 1SC9. 

Protestant teaching is necessary to save Protestant chil- 
dren to that of faith that is in their belief. 

The popular Protestant delusion that State education de- 
stroys the Catholic Church next claimed his attention, and 
it requires but little more than a bare statement of facts to 
refute it. Speaking of the public schools, he says : 

“They are unnecessary to keep Protestants out of the Roman 
Church, and they certainly do not convert the Roman Catholics 
to the Protestant Church. On the contrary, as they educate 
' the young in no religion, but out of all churches, they destroy 
the Protestant Church, not the Roman. That Church makes 
the most of its circumstances, but never abdicates its mission. 
He has read the history of eighteen Christian centuries to but 
little purpose who concludes that the Roman Church could ever 
fall into the folly of the Protestant Church and educate itself 
into infidelity. Protestantism may, if it chooses, commit the 
mental and moral training of its young to a secular State, but 
Romanism, with a greater wisdom, gathers her children into 
the folds of the Church and leads them on into life. She pays 

her taxes, but keeps her children The Roman 

Church sees that whatever religion there maybe in the future, 
it is coming exclusively into its own hands, just as the Protestant 
religion of the present fades out of Protestant hands.” 

The issue for the control of our civilization is evidently 
“narrowed down to Romanism on the one hand, and in- 
fidelity on the other”; for “our present system of public 
schools will render it [Protestantism] a dead factor.” He 
then gives us a true and evidently candid opinion of Holy 
Church’s unceasing zeal and energy, yet sullied at the end 
by an unproven assertion, which no one can prove. 

“ With an organization perfectly evolved from the past— with 
a ministry inspired by the devotion of the martyrs — with an 
experience traversing the vicissitudes of all controlling events, 
and a zeal unflagging as the energies of nature— it is strongest 
when most threatened, and advances when most assailed. It 
rejoices in tribulations visited upon it by its God, and it survives 
with an unquailing faith in all iorced upon it by man. To per- 
secute is to perpetuate it. Romanism goes away only when 
something stronger and better comes.” 

- What better ? He will not say secularism, nor can he with 
logical truth say Protestantism. What better then ? 

He gives a true summing up of the tendency of our pres- 
ent system in the following words: 

“ In order not to seem to prefer any particular creed, the State 
is rapidly, perhaps unconsciously, educating society into indif- 
ference to all. Instead of a free conscience, it is no conscience.” 

The third point made is that “ if secular schools break 
down all religion, they are a crime against civilization." 
Those schools were not, as he says, intended for that pur- 
pose, but they evidently fulfil it. It is true, as- he says, that 
they are destroying Protestantism in the land, and inducing 
skepticism among our people. 

“ These schools confine their instruction entirely to the head, 
but head education never has been, nor never can be, what civ- 
ilization most needs. Aristotle said, 1 Mere intellect never 
moved anything.’ Paul said: 1 Knowledge puffeth up.’ Heat 
is the power of the sun that moyes substance, not the light that 


only changes the .position of the shadow. Neither mental 
knowledge nor moral knowledge given by secular schools, if 
any be given, is sufficient. Human nature needs that moral 
and spiritual discipline and feeling which only religion and the 
Church can supply. And these must all be gained at the same 
time. The mind, the conscience, and the heart-like strands in 
the cable supporting the bridge, must do their work with an 
even and united tension. Neither is sufficient and the other 

Intelleclualisui never built up a state, bat religion has.' 
“.Only church towers prop the domes of state.” Immoral- 
ity was the ruin, and will be ihe ruin, of all nations. 

“Education may refine, but does not prevent crime. The 
most educated man may be the most criminal ; but the most 
religious man must be the least criminal. When religion, poor 
as it was, went, morality went ; and while the common people 
laughed at the priests, they turned in utter indifference from 
the philosophers. A secular despot took the place of the sa- 
cred priest, and human nature and society, though changing its 
masters, were trampled by the iron heel of animal power. 
Will, not conscience, ruled.” 

Mr. Platt then tells plainly and forcibly the effects of the 
present system on our country, and shows that as Ameri- 
can citizens we should Christianize our education : 

“Our institutions are the outgrowth of religions ideas, and 
they have failed only so far as they have departed from those 
ideas. When religion fails, all fails. It was so in Greece ; it 
was so in Rome, and it will be so with us. The Emperor of 
Prussia has recently publicly warned his people against the 
growth of infidelity and wickedness. True liberty and immoral- 
ity are’ strangers, but immorality and despotism are allies. 
Secular schools, so far as they take children from the spiritual 
training of the Church, are enemies of civil liberty. Our great 
champions of liberty, both here and abroad, have been educated 
in sectarian schools. Secular schools are expensive. There is 
jobbery in their buildings, jobbery in the books, jobbery in the 
selection of teachers. Publishers of certain school-books can 
afford, and have been reported to expend in other localities 
(and why not in this ?) thousands upon thousands of dollars to 
elect certain School-Trustees known to be in the interests of 
those houses. The whole business is getting to he a moneyed 
ring to manipulate a school fund of over a million of dollars, 
and to discard all religion and morality.” 

The assertion made above that our school system is but 
a gigantic fraud and swindle on the State, is true, and also 
it is an evil great and crying on those of humble means 
reared in them. Of what possible use is this high educa- 
tion to the child of humble means and common talent? 
Are we attempting to form a nation of pedants ? It would 
seem so. The high education given to many is the source 
of great misery and distress. Man and woman must labor 
to live, and yet the men and women given to society by 
our present education look down on and despise labor. 
Horace Greeley well described them when he said, “The 
world is full of people who wander from place to place, 
whining for ‘Something to do,’ and begging or stealing 
their subsistence for want of work, whose fundamental 
misfortune is that they know how to do nothing, having 
been brought up to just that.” He also well and truly re- 
marked: “Every child should in youth be trained to skill 
and efficiency in some department of useful, productive la- 
bor.” Yet our present education fosters pride, the root of 
anarchy, misrule, and lawlessness, and despises labor as 
beneath it. 

“ Are you not rearing a race too proud to work and too un- 
gifted to live without it ? If you are educating the rising gen- 
eration to be good citizens, secure to them a plain English edu- 
cation, sufficient to enable them to manage the ordinary busi- 
ness of life and protect themselves from imposition, and let them 
enter some trade or respectable calling, at an age when its 
work will not be drudgery. We have blit few American labor- 
ers now. They are all educated to be merchants, lawyers, 
doctors, bankers, etc., and the industry of America is given up 
to foreigners, and American youths are educated above it all. 
The girl of humble circumstances is educated above her parents, 
above marriage in her class, and just high enough to make her 
unfit for what is most possible to her. Better be uneducated 
and virtuous than educated and vicious. If it be asked docs 
secular education make them vicious ? I answer that, in itself, 



it does not lielp them to be virtuous, and. in this everything 
hinders that does not help. In other words, secular education 
may not lead to crime, but it is also true that in itself it does 
not lead away from it ; but religion always leads away and 
never to crime. In this secularization of education we have 
worshipped an idol instead of a God.” 

Our system is wrong, radically wrong; where then is 
the remedy? Listen to the words of Mr. Platt; in them 
you will find the remedy well set forth : 

“Let education, like religion, be a matter of choice. No 
compulsion, no tyranny, no prodigious expenditure. What, it 
may be asked, shall we have no general education ? General 
secular education only makes a population more intellectually 
prepared for crime, certainly no stronger to resist it. No man 
is a better citizen because he knows the Calculus, or can trans- 
late an /Eneid of Virgil or an Ode of Horace. Such education 
while it is immensely expensive, does not make men better. 
There is no God in it— nothing for the moral affections, nothing 
making him more honest, truthful or pure. On the contrary 
these virtues are deliberately kept from him in secular schools. 
He is wilfully injured and not morally helped as a citizen. The 
felons of society come from the educated as well as the unedu- 
cated classes. There never was more general education than 
now; there never was more general crime than now; and 
there never was a more general indifference to religion than 

Education should not he left to the ambition of ignorant 
and avaritious politicians. It should be left in the hands 
of the learned. Our present system is a blot on our civ- 
ilization, for it is leading us away from Christianity of any 

“For higher education let us go back to the old-fashioned 
sectarian schools and colleges, snpported by the voluntary con- 
tribution of the Church members. Let school money be con- 
secrated money. A tax is something secular. Let all school 
tax be reduced to an amount necessary to support merely ele- 
mentary or primary schools, and those who want and can afford 
to give their children more extended advantages pay for it 
themselves, and have as much or as little religion in it as they 
please. As it is now, this country is despotically intolerant of 
all but the infidel. Discriminations are practically made in his 

Let each Church have its share of this tax, to use it for 
their own schools. 

“ Let Jewish money go to J ewish schools, if they choose to es- 
tablish them ; Romish money to Romish schools ; Protestant 
money to Protestant schools, and infidel money to Infidel 
schools. Let each man be persuaded in his own mind, otherwise 
there is no liberty here for any but those who hate religion and 
all that is best in civil liberty. At their dictation Christian 
people are taxed to educate the children of Christian families 
out of the Christian religion ; for not to educate children in 
religion is to educate them in infidelity ; and to educate them 
in infidelity is to educate them against civil liberty.” 

Religion, as be well and ably shows, is the true friend 
of civil liberty, while Secularism is its greatest foe. Dan- 
ger to civil liberty does not come from Religion, but from 
the disciples of secularism. 

“With the failure of religion, civil liberty has failed. The 
minimum of religion has ever been the maximum of despot- 
ism. Secularism destroys liberty. It lifted Ccesar over pros- 
trate altars, where gods of some sort had been worshipped, to 
a throne where Caesar was a god. On the side of ecclesias- 
ticism is regarded the principal learning of the world and the 
best development of domestic life. On the side of secularism 
are all the dreadful despots, from Caesar down— all the civil 
traitors, embezzlers, thieves, defaulters, forgers, political ad- 
venturers and drunkards. A glass of whiskey— and mean at 
that— becomes a fountain of civilization! Alas for education, 
for morality, the future of our rising generation, for civil lib- 
erty, when the worst classes hold the power and shape our 
institutions. Secularism, the friend of liberty, indeed ! When 
was it 60? Secularism rules by might. The Grecian and Ro- 
man philosophers tried secular education, and lo! Caesar came. 
Secular education leads directly and inevitably to the sword. 
When you turn from “ecclesiasticism,” as religion ts termed, 
you turn to the side of the police. Religious training of the 
young will not accomplish all possible to it, but this is the best 
that can be done. This issue between ecclesiasticism and 
secularism is one distinctly between liberty and license — be- 
tween virtue and vice — between the will of a majority of law- 
abiding citizens and a minority of law-breaking infidels— prac- 
tical if not real. It is an effort to turn society over to com- 

munism and all revolutionary passions. He is the true citizen 
who has “the liberty wherewith Christ has made him free.” 
No man is free who has not moral, if not religious command 
of himself. The secret of progress is to preserve the equili- 
brium of the social forces. The constant tendency is excess in 
some one of these forces. The present tendency is to thro w the 
religious influence entirely out, and bring in one wide domina- 
tion of human will, human appetite, human and individual 
license. Whatever insults may await it, the Church, like the 
angel in the way before Baalam, must stand before the ad- 
vance of that brute force which would rend all. With secular 
schools that teach no morals, ‘How can there be a public 
conscience? And without conscience, can there be security? 
And without security, can there be progress and stability?’ ” 

Thus have we striven to give our readers a resume of 
Mr. Platt’s truly excellent discourse. It is well worthy 
perusal, and to all_ who can obtain it, we would recommend 
them to read it attentively, especially those who may see 
hope in the darkness of immorality, induced by our God- 
less schools, and who still think to belie the evident 
truth that “ without religion there is no morality.” We 
have trust in our Nation. The people may be led into 
error, but when they perceive the error they will aban- 
don it. May the awakening come soon, for it cannot 
come too soon to arouse our Nation to the sense of the 
peril to which it is exposed. 


— Henry Morgan (Commercial), of ’69, is practising law 
at Newberry, Ind. 

— J- Lavelle (Commercial), of ’68, is 'Assistant Auditor at 
Washington, Ind. Doing well. 

— Austin Cahel (Commercial), of '69, is keeping books 
for his father in Washington, Ind. 

— S. A- Marks (Commercial) of ’74, is with one of the 
leading hat and fur establishments in Chicago. 

— F. A. Sweger (Commercial), of ’74, is shipping-clerk 
for one of the leading wholesale houses in Chicago. 

—Richard A. Downey (Commercial), of ’75, can be found 
at 54 St. Charles St., New Orleans, where he is doing well. 

—Charles and George Ruger (Commercial), of ’73, are 
in the wholesale confectionery business, with their father, 
in Lafayette, Ind. 

— Hon. P. Gibbons, of Iowa, has taken up his residence 
in South Bend, in order that he might be near his children 
now attending class at Notre Dame and St. Mary’s. 

— Among the visitors at Notre Dame latelv were Mrs. 
and the Miss Flahertys, Niles, Mich. ; Miss Hake, Grand 
Rapids; Miss Curtin, Hudson, O.; Mr. P. Cavanagh, Chi- 
cago ; Mr. W. Richardson, Cleveland, O. ; Mrs. Coghlin, and 
Mrs. Crannon, Toledo ; Rev. J. L. Boxer, Mrs. A. R. Thomas, 
Mrs. R. H. Hyde and L. E. Boxer, Goshen. 

— During his stav in Chicago last week, Professor Luigi 
Gregori, of the University, had the honor of making the 
acquaintance of Lient. General Sheridan, of the United 
States Army. The General engaged the services of the 
distinguished artist to have his portrait painted by him. 
Professor Gregori is fully competent for the task, and we 
feel confident that the General will be highly satisfied with 
the work when it is done. 

—The Reading, Pa., Times and Dispatch of Nov. 14, says : 
“ James A. O’Reilly, Esq., was standing on the down track 
of the Reading Railroad, at Seventh and Chesnut streets, 
awaiting the arrival of the six o’clock mail train from Phila- 
delphia, when he was struck by the cow-catcher of a down 
coal train, and thrown to one side. He fell along the rail- 
road, under the cylinder of the locomotive, while bis silk 
hat got under the wheels, but he miraculously escaped, 
being no more seriously injured than to have sustained a 
few slight bruises. He was expecting a friend on the pas- 
senger train, and did not observe the approach of the train 
on the down track.” 



Local Items. 

— The classes continue to be visited regularly. 

— Since Nov. 13th, the rats have been disconsolate. 

— All the scaffolding in the church has been taken down. 

— The Moot Court of the Law Classes is held every Sat- 

— The copy for the Scholastic Almanac is in the hands 
of the printers. 

—When writing for the Scholastic always write on one 
side only of the paper. 

— Bulletins will be made out week after nex f , the first 
week of December. 

— Next Thursday is Thanksgiving Day, which will, of 
course, be observed here. 

— The St. Cecilians have postponed their fall Entertain- 
ment until sometime in December. 

— The usual monthly Conference was held last Wednes- 
day, when a number of excellent papers were read. The 
exercises were of an nuusally entertaining character. 

— “And the bark went down,” sang the unfortunate man 
as he swallowed twenty grains of cinchoni'dia. 

— Mr. Bonney, of South Bend, was at the College with 
his photographing apparatus on Wednesday. He was kept 
quite busy. 

— The six arrivals on Tuesday, Nov. 13th, created quite 
a sensation. It is reported that the Philopatrians got rec., 
and the nimrods held their grand lunch in their honor. 

— The tars having put two of their boats into winter 
quarters, the third seems to have made up its mind to go. 
to quarters of its own for the coming season of ice and snow. 

— The psalms sung at Vespers to-morrow are Dixit Do- 
minus, page 15. of the Vesperal; Laudate pueri, p. 23; Lce- 
tatus sum, p.' 18 ; Nisi Dominus , p. 4 ; and Lauda Jerusalem,, 
p. 28. The hymn is Isle Confessor, p. 57. 

— An excellent reed-organ, from the establishment of 
Clough & Warren, Detroit, has lately been procured for 
the Chapel of the Portiuncula. The organ is first-class, 
and will add to the attractions of the pretty chapel. 

— The musical soiree given on the evening of the 22d, the 
Feast of St. Cecilia, was in every respect highly creditable 
to all who took part in it. We are unable to give a full re- 
port of it this week, but promise to do so in our next issue. 

— The St. Aloysius Philodemic Society is getting along 
well this year. lu December, the members will give their 
first Entertainment, consisting of orations, essays and mu- 
sic. We trust they will not disappoint the expectation of 
their friends. 

— Anyone having copies of the “Kensington and Man- 
chester Lectures,’’ in pamphlet form, taken from the offices 
of the President and Director of Studies during vacation, 
will do a great favor by returning them to the Director of 
Studies at once. 

— There are some really good readers in the Junior re- 
fectory. If a little more attention were paid by others, the 
number of good readers would equal the number of readers 
themselves. What is wanted in a reader is a good voice, 
clear, correct enunciation, and strict attention. 

— The Editor of the Axe Maria will feel under obligation 
for any copies of No. 39, Vol. Kill (the current volume) of 
that publication which may be sent him. They are desired 
to complete sets. Those around the premises and on the 
missions who have this number will confer a favor by sending 
them in as early as possible. 

— We are sorry to announce that our friend John failed 
to get on the Roll of Honor, although he says “I didn’t do 
nothing.” It may be that the faculty were too rigid with 
him, but we don’t like those two negatives. John has the 
habit of saying things in such a quaint way. Well, John, 
don’t be discouraged ; try again. 

— The 12th regular meeting of the St. Cecilia Philoma- 
thean Association took place on Tuesday, Nov. 20th. At 
this meeting declamations were delivered by Messrs. J. 
Baker, K. Reynolds, W. Walker, J. A. Burger, W. Jones, J- 
Perea, F. McGrath, C. Hagan, R. Keenan and F. Cava- 

naugh. Master J. Berteling was elected a member of the 
Association. Very Rev. Father Corby was present at this 
meeting, and at the close he assigned to each member his 
respective part in the coming Exhibition. 

— Who can unriddle the paradox of time? When we 
look to former times we call it looking back. But when we 
look foncard it is to anticipate what is to come after us. 
Truly Janus and S iturn were one, if Saturn were really the 
god of Time. And the paradox of order is the same. We 
go onward from A to Z, although A is the first and Z the 
last. How cau we go forward to that which follows? Re- 
concile these mysteries, O Editor! Or do some of ye wise 
subscribers to the Scholastic unravel the mystery. S- 

— At the 12tb regular meeting of the Columbian Literary 
and Debating Club, Messrs. McConlogue and Dougherty 
were elected members. An exciting debate was the event 
of the evening. The members who distinguished them- 
selves in the debate were Messrs. Luther, Spalding and 
Fischel on the affirmative side; Messrs. Claggett, Walters 
and Keenan on the negative. Among the visitors were 
Very Rev. President Corby, Professor Edwards, and Bros. 
Theodore and John. After the closing of the debate Very 
Rev. President Corby addressed the members at some 

— Professor Luigi Gregori returned Thursday list from 
his trip to Chicago, and is now engaged in painting the 
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the transept 
of the new church. During hi3 leisure hours he will 
paint the portrait of Very Rev. Wm. Corby, C. S. C., Presi- 
dent of the University. We understand this portrait is to be 
finished for the first of December. Some of the many 
friends of Very Rev. President Corby have volunteered 
to provide a frame suitable for the work of Prof. Gregori, 
which the latter has undertaken as a token of esteem and 
respect for our worthy President. 

— The fifth regular meeting of the Archconfraternity of 
the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary 
took place on Sunday, Nov. 18th. At this meeting Mr. M. 
Bannon read a “ Sketch of the Life of St. Aloysius.” Master 
K. Scanlan delivered an essay on “The Origin of the Con- 
cluding Words of the Salve Regina," and Mr. J. Arentzgave 
a brief but interesting description of “The Miraculous 
Translation of the House of Loretto ” from Nazareth to its 
present location. Tl\e following new members were then 
elected, namely; J. D.McNellis, J. W. Guthrie, E. S. Wal- 
ter, A. J. Burger, H. Gramling, G. Orr, C. Van Mourick, 
G. Cassard, J. Lemarie and W. B. Walter. [Master Scan- 
lan deserves especial praise for the manner in which he 
acquitted himself in answering the question given him. 
— Ed. Scholastic.] 

— We overheard a party speaking about First Honors the 
other day. One of the number, wlio seems to be well-posted, 
remarked that the students, with a few exceptions, have 
given satisfaction up to the present time, and that no doubt 
if the faculty were to decide upon the Honors at this date, 
the number receiving honors would be very large; “but,” 
he continued, “ the months of December and January seem 
to be the test months. I have noticed year after year that 
at least one half the number of boys that were objected to 
for Honors was for the violation of rules during the months 
of December and January.” The thoughts of Christmas 
vacation and the vacation itself seem to be the cause of 
many becoming dissipated. We trust that this year will 
be an exception to the general rule, and that every student 
will endeavor to keep up his good record. 

— Have you ever been to a Temperance meeting and 
heard the wretched parodies that form the musical part of 
the entertainment? Truly was the post right when he said: 
Nulla placere diu neqne vivere carmina possnnt 
Qum seribuntur nquie potoribus. 

Nothing but the trashiest stuff, such as an ambitious mer- 
chant might get up as an advertisement to his wares. 
There is the “Bittle-cry of Temperance,” forsooth! We 
shall next hear of the “Firebraud of Patience,” the “War- 
Whoop of Meekness,” and the “ Rillying-shout of Mod- 
esty.” But their songs are all parodies of popular melo- 
dies, so that the assembled throng may have no difficulty 
in picking up the air. We expect soon to hear: 

At fifty years of age I was a profligate old boy; 

I met a charming lecturcss, her name it was , etc, 



— We particularly and urgently request both friends and 
foes to keep away from the printing-office. We are busy, 
and the office is small. Galleys and locked-up forms are 
lying around, perfectly safe as long as no outsiders get 
inside; but an enormous amount of “ pi” may be made in 
the shortest possible time by an awkward in comer, without 
the least intention on his part of getting into that line of 
business. Gur office is small — we’ve remarked that before 
— and elbow-room is scarce, and there is just room enough 
for our foreman and typos to navigate around the cases 
and imposing stone and job press without colliding, and 
there isn’t room for another one. Besides, we are busy. 
We mentioned that before, but it is good to repeat it. We 
are busy. Foreman, pressman, and typos. Upstairs and 
downstairs and in the basement. Sometime hereafter, 
when we get a big office, and the weather is comfortable, 
and we have nothing to do, we will give notice, and will 
be glad to see our friends around us in the printing-office. 

— Beware of the Ideas of March !— that is of those notions 
of progress which are fatal to Ctesarism. This was the true 
form of the warning which the wise man uttered to Caesar, 
and which a nonsensical superstition afterwards interpreted 
ss a prediction of Caesar’s death at the hands of the con- 
spirators on the loth of March, a day which the Romans 
were accustomed to call the Ides. But the superstitions of 
past ages are fast melting away in the enlightenment of the 
nineteenth century. It was not the month of March but 
the march op mend of which the old man spoke — not Ides 
but ideas t The popular version of the story is absurd, for 
if the so-called soothsayer had known anything about the 
conspiracy, regard even for his own personal safety would 
have caused him to be more explicit. Had be revealed the 
whole plot, Caesar was powerful enough to have guarded 
himself against it, and to have rewarded his informant, 
while such an obscure warning as he is said to have given, 
would only have drawn down upon himself the wrath of 
the successful conspirators, without helping Caesar. 

Roll of Honor. 


E. F. Arnold, T. Barry, J. Bell, T. Barrett, M. Bannon, P. J. 
Cooney, J. E. Cooney, J. J. Coleman, I. Chatterton, B. J. 
Claggett,, W. L. Dechant, E. C. Davenport, E. Dempsey, J. M. 
Devine, J. P. Dougherty, J. G. Ewing, L. J. Evers, L. Eiscn- 
man, J. Fitzgerald, F. Fulkerson, R. Francis, J. Feuerstein, E. 
Gooley, S. Gooley, A. J. Hertzog, J. J. Houck, W. Hoyt, J. 
Hoffman, F. Hoffman, A. W. Hettinger, J. O. Hamilton, J. Q. 
Johnson, A. W. Johnson, J. P. Kinney, F. Keller, A. Keenan, J. 
Kueble, B. Krautzcr, J. J. Kotz, F. C. Luther, P. W. Mattimore, 
L. D. Murphy, W. J. Murphy, J. D. Montgomery, Y. T. McKin- 
non, J. J. McEoiry, M. McCue, P. F. McCullough, O. McKone, 
J. J. McConlogue, T. F. O’Grady, J. L. Perea, E. Poor, J. J. 
Quinn, J. P. Quinn, M. Regan, O. P. Rettig, E. VV. Robinson, J. 
Rogers, J. Rice, A. K. Schmidt, J. S. Smith, T. Summers, J. J. 
Shugrue, C. L. Stuckey, S. T. Spalding, G. Williams, G. Wal- 
ters, F. Walter. - 


A. Arentz, J. G. Baker, J. Berteling, M. T. Burns, M. H. Ban- 
non, J. A. Burger, A. J. Burger, H. Canoll, J. Carrer, F. Clarke, 
G. P. Cassidy, F. Cavanaugh, D. S. Coddington, J. Cassard, E. 
Donnelly, R. French, P. Frain, L. Garceau, J. A. Gibbons, H. A. 
Gramling, J. Healey, A. Heitkam, J. E. Hailoran, G. L. Itten- 
bach, S. B. Ittenbach, R. C. Johnson, J. Lumley, J. L. Lemarie, 
J. D. McNellis, W. J. McCarthy, A. A. Miller, J. Matthews, T. 
Nelson, F. P. O’Hara, G. Orr, F. T. Pleins, S. S. Perley, K. W. 
Reynold, A. Reitz, M. Roughen, K. L. Seanlan, G. E. Sugg, A. 
Sievers, E. S. Walter, W. A. Widdicombe, C. Van Mourick. 


J. Seanlan, G. Rhodius, W. A. Coglilin, C. Crcnnen, J. Court- 
ney, Joseph Courtney, J. A. Secger, W. J. Coolbaugh, A. 
Hartrath, N. Nelson, R. Costello, C. Herzog, S. and C. Busliey, 
C. Garrick, E. Herzog, C. Long, C. Welty, T. O’Neill, L Mc- 
Grath,. P. Fitzgerald, J. Devine, J. McGrath, F. Berry. 

Class Honors. 


J. G. Baker, M. H. Bannon, J. Boehm, I. Chatterton, P. 
Dougherty, J. Healey, T. Hoffman, F. Heilman, J. Houck, J. Q. 
Johnson, A. Hettinger, F. Keller, J. Krost, O. MeKone, J, 

Matthews, E. Poor, J. Pembroke, E. Robinson, K. L. Seanlan, 
G. Saxingcr, A. Sievers. 

List of Excellence; 

Arithmetic— S. Perley, J. Matthews, J. J. Houck; Grammar — 
M. H. Bannon, A. Sievers, J. G. Baker, S. Spalding, F. Hoffman ; 
Reading and Orthography— A. Ginz, W. Van Valkenburg ; 
Geography— M. H. Bannon, A. Sievers, J. Matthews ; Penman- 
ship— J. Arentz, T. Nelson, J. Baker, A. Hettinger, J. Stewart. 

N. B. — The honorable mention's for Book-Keeping will be pub- 
lished in the next issue of the Scholastic. 

— A very beautiful cactus is in bloom in the vocal room. 

—Miss Anna CurtiD, Graduate of 1874, bas visited St. 
Mary’s lately. 

— The promised description of St. Luke’s Studio must be 
postponed, as the furnishing will not be complete until 
about Thanksgiving Day. 

— Thauks are returned for a box of fine Pampas grasses 
from I. B. Fuller of San Raphael, Cal. They have the 
graceful appearance of ostrich plumes. 

— "Very Rev. Father Corby, C. S. C., although declaring 
himself entirely unprepared, delivered a very spicy as well 
as useful lecture on Wednesday evening. 

— On Friday evening tbe youDgladies were called to the 
Study Hall to enjoy a lecture on “English Literature ” by 
Professor Howard. He entertained hi3 audience with 
choice thoughts and fine extracts. 

— On Tuesday evening, Mother Superior arrived from 
her regular visit to the houses of the Order in the West. 
On Wednesday morning the pupils met in the Study Hall 
and were visited by Mother Superior. An address of wel- 
come w'as delivered by Miss Pauline Gaynor in behalf of 
tbe entire Academy. 

—At tbe regular Academic reunion of Sunday evening, 
tbe first number of The Chimes for the present scholastic 
session appeared. The paper was very lively, and admira- 
bly well read by the editresses : Misses N. McGrath, N. 
Davis, M. W- B. Thompson. At the last article the chim- 
ing became so exhilarating that it literally brought nearly 
everybody to their feet. But to explain. In an article en- 
titled “A Visit to Augusta,” the names of nearly every pu- 
pil in tbe Academy were interwoven most ingeniously and 
with much wit. Each one arose as her name was an- 
nounced on tbe stations in tbe journey. At the request of 
Very Rev. Father General, Rev. Father Shortis made some 
remarks, commending the young ladies for their literary 

—Mother Superior brought a large collection of miner- 
als, fossils, stalactites, stalagmites, etc., from Utah, Nevada, 
Wyoming, and Dakotab. Among them are over sixty 
specimens of native gold, over three hundred of native sil- 
ver; sulphuret of silver; ruby, grey, and black silver ores; 
Horn silver cblora, and bromine of silver from the dif- 
ferent mines of Nevada and Utah, tbe .assays of which 
vary from three hundred to twenty thousand dollars to 
the ton ; also many large specimens of copper matachites, 
azurites, quicksilver, galena, manganese, arsena, antimony, 
bismuth, etc. Many of these ores are, first, in their native 
state; second, reduced to flue dust in the sampling mills; 
third, roasted ores. Fine specimens of mattes, taken from 
the furnace and crucible. A fine collection of fossils (fishes, 
ferns, etc.); many specimens of petrified wood, mosses, wild 
sage and soda; large blocks of solid salt in crystals taken 
from the Great Salt Lake. Over thirty magnificent speci- 
mens of stalactites and stalagmites, . some weighing over 
fifty pounds; also a collection (over four hundred) of prec- 
ious stones; pink and white satin-spar; rose and white 
alabaster, agates, rubies, the topaz, cornelians, the .amber- 
opal, onyx, jasper, porphyry, and lapis-lazuli, the last 




named from New Mexico. For the most of these valuable 
specimens, thanks are returned to Rev. Father Reilly; the 
Sisters of the Holy Cross, Judge Dunne, Professor Adams, 
Messrs. Lanin, Kern an, O’Reilly, and Scherengan; Ma- 
dames Marshall and McCormick; the Misses Jennings, all 
of Salt -Lake City, and - Mr. Kitchen, - of Green River, 

RoU of Honor. 


Graduating Class— Misses J. Cooney, B. Reynolds, A. Har- 
ris, P. Gaynor, A. Piet, L. O’Neill, M. Spier, 31. O'Connor, A. 
Reising, A. Hennebcrry. 

1st Senior Class— Misses H. Russell, M. Ewing, S. Moran, C. 
Boyce, B. Wilson, I. Pisk, E. Lange. 

2d Sr. Class— Misses C. Silverthorne, M. Way, N. Keenan, 

L. Keena, N. McGrath, A. Dopp, S. Hamilton, A. Woodin, M. 
• Luce, M. Danahcr. 

3d Sr. Class — Misses M. Sullivan, M. Brown, L. Tighe, K. 
Riordan, M. Halligan, L. Otto, M. Wagner, T. Pleins, A. Thomas, 

J. Burgert, K. Lloyd, L. Hoag, C. Ortmeyer, M. O’Neill, L. 
Schwass, L. Papin, M. Galen, A. Farrell. 

1st Prep. Class— Misses J. and M. Winston, S. Rheinboldt, 

M. Cleary, L. Neu. 

2d Prei*. Class— Misses E. Thomas, E. Miller, 0. Franklin. 


3d Sr. Class— Misses A. Kirckner, A. Morgan, A. Ewing, A. 

1st ,Prep. Class— Misses L. Chilton, A. Geiser, A. McGrath, 
E. Mulligan. 

2d Prep. Class— Misses J. Kingsbury, M. Lambiu, F. Fitz. 
Jr. Prep. Class — Misses L. Fox, M. Hake, A. McGinnis, F. 
Sunderland, L. Van Namec, L. Wood, L. Ellis, M. McFadden, 

N. Haekett, L. French, M. Lyons. 

Ist'Jr. Class— Misses J. Sunderland; J. Butts, E. Wootten. 
2d Jr. Class— Misses N. Lloyd, B. and T. Haney, L. McFar- 
land, P. Felt, M. I vers. 


1st Latin Class— Misses J. Cooney, A. Piatt. 

2d Latin Class— M isses C. Silverthorne, M. Plattcnhurg, M. 
Luce, O. Franklin, H. Hoag. 


1st French Class— Misses H. Russell, B. Wilson, N. Mc- 
Grath, A. Harris, C. Silverthorne, N. Keenan. 

2d Class— Misses A. McGrath, H. Millis, S. Moran, M. Ew- 
ing, A. Geiser, M. O’Connor, B. Reynolds, J. Cooney. 

3d Class — Misses M. Winston, M. Brown, M. O’Neill. T. 
Whiteside, L. Kirchner, I. Fisk, M. Wagner, M. Burch, A. Ew- 
ing, M. Cox, E. and-M. Mulligan, J. Butts. 

4th Class— Misses A. Dopp", E. Shaw, Z. Papin, M. Danaber, 
L. Chilton, L. Fox, E. Wright. 


2d Class— Misses A. Kirchner, M. Usselman, A. Gordon, L._ 

2d Div. — M isses C. Ortmeyer, A. Reising, L. O’Neill, S. Hen- 
neberry, S. Rheinboldt, K. Barrett. 

3d Class — Misses M. Wa}’, S. Hamelton, F. Cregier, C. Boyce, 
E. Miller. 


1st Glass— Misses B. Wilson and T. Picins. 

3d Div. — Misses A. Geiser and C. Silverthorne. 

2d Class— Misses A. Harris, L. Kirchner, N. Keenan. 

2d Div. — Misses L. O’Neill, M. Spier, E. Miller. 

3d Class — Misses M. Usselmnn, T. Whiteside, H. Buck, A- 
Hennebcrry, N. Galen. 

2d Div. — Misses L. Neu, J. Burgert, A. Gordon. 

4th Class — Misses H. Millis, A. Kirchner, A. McGralli, E. 
Lange, A. Reising, N. McGrath, M. Brown, E. Walsh. 

2d Div. — Misses A. Farrell, K. ITackett, P. Gaynor, C. Ort- 
meyer, J. Cooney, A. Morgan. 

5th Class— Misses M. Winston, H. Hoag, B. Anderson, F. 
Cregier, 31. Danaher. 

2d Div.— Misses J. Winston, M. White, M. Way, M. Cleary, 

K. Biordan, L. Papin, L. Hoag, K. Barrett, E. Richardson, E. 
Shaw, B. Thompson, L. M. French. 

Gth Class— Misses N. Haekett, M. Platenburg, C. Van Naraee, 
S. Rheinboldt, O. Franklin, A. Ewing, C. Boyce, M. Haiiigan, 
E. Thomas, M. Mulligan, L. Schwass, A. Thomas, M. Ewing. 

2d Div. — Misses M. Lambin, I. Fisk, M. Hake, B. Parrott, E. 
Tighe, A. Brown. 

7th Class— Misses M. Burch, M. Cox, L. Fox, L. Chilton, A. 
McGinnis, S. Hamilton. 

8th Class— Misses L. Wood, L. McFarland, E. Mulligan, J. 

Guitar— Miss B. Anderson. 

Theoretical Classes— Notes from 80 to 100. 


2d Class— Misses L. Kirchner, M. Usselman, A. Kirchner, A. 

3d Class — Misses A. Gordon, A. Brown, L. Otto. 

4th Class— Misses J. Winston, M. O’Neill, SI Rheinboldt, A. 
Farrell, A. Geiser, M. Casey. 

5th Class— Misses B. Anderson, M. Hake, L. Schwass, E. 
Galen. . 




Promoted to the 3d Class— Miss M. Spier. 

4th Class — Misses N. Davis, S. Rheinboldt. 

Promoted to the 4th Class — Misses T. Whiteside, M. Platten 

5th Class— Misses A. Kirchner, J. Burgert, A. Farrell, E. 
Thomas, L. McFarland, S. Hamilton, J. Baits, E. Mulligan, L. 



Misses L. Otto, M. Way, A. Brown, F. Brazclton, M. Brown, 
C. Ortmeyer, K. Haekett, N. McGrath, M. Lnce, Z. Papin, L. 
and H. Hoag, A. Thomas, LI Keena, 31. Halligan, M. Birch. N. 
Galen. E. Thomas. K. Lloyd, M. Danaher, M. Wagner, K. Bar- 
rett, E. Wright. 


Misses L. Chilton, A. McGiath, A. Ewing, L. Ellis, A. Morgan, 
J. Kingsbury, D. Gordon, N. Haekett-, M. Hake, F. and J. Sun- 
derland, F. Fitz, E. Wooton, E. Mulligan; L. McFarland, M. 
Lambin, M. M. McFadden. 


3d Class— Misses S. Moran, L. Kirchner. 


2d Class— Misses P. Gaynor, E. Lange. 

Promoted to the 2d Class— Miss B. Reynolds. 

3d Class— Miss M. O’Connor. 


1st Class— Misses M. Usselman, C. Ortmayer, H. Millis, A. 
Brown, L. Schwass. 

2d Div.— Misses A. Dopp, D. Gordon, M. Luce, T. Whiteside, 
M. Burch, M. Ewing, L. Papin. 

2d Class— Misses J. Kingsbury, A. Thomas, A. Morgan, L. Otto, 

L. Neu, M. Casey, M. Mullen. 

2d Div. — Misses E. Miller, H. Thomas, M. Winston, B. Par- 
rott, M. Wagner. 


Misses B. Thompson, L. Kirchner, K. Barrett, M. Plattenbnrg, 
L. Tighe, L. Walsh, M. Halligan, 31. Cleary, A. Harris. 


Misses L. Chilton, L. Ellis, A. Kirchner, M. Lambin, A. Mc- 
Grath, A. McGinnis. 

Tablet of Honor 

For Neatness, Order, Amiability, and Correct Deportment. 


Misses J. Cooney, A. Harris, M. Spier, A. Henneberry, L. O’- 
Neill, M. O’Counor, P. Gaynor, B. Reynolds, A. Piet, A. Reising, S. 
Moran, C. Boyce, B. Wilson, A. Dopp, C. Silverthorne, M. Casey, 
L. Kirchner, L. Keen?, M. Luce, M. Danaher, L. Tighe, K. Reor- 
dan, E. Shaw, M. Halligan, L. Otto, M. Brown, M. Wagner, T. 
Pleins, M. Piattcnburg," K. Haekett, A. Brown, A. Thomas, L. 
Hoag, M. O’Neill, L. Schwass, L. Papin, M. Sullivan, M. Galen, 
A. Farrell, M. and J. Winston, S. Rheinboldt, M. Usselman, M. 
Hayes, 31. Cleary, E. Wright, E. Richardson, 31. Mullen, O. 
Franklin, F. Cregier, 100 par excellence. 3Iisses H. Russell, 31. 
Ewing, E. Lange, I. Fisk, N. 3IcGratb, 31. Way, H. Hoag, N. 
Davis, 31. Burch, K. Barrett, H. Millis, H. Buck, J. Burgert, C. 
Ortmeyer, B. Farrott, T. Whiteside, E. Thomas, A. Peak, J. 


3Iisses A. Kirelmer, L. Chilton, A. McGrath, J. Kingsbury, L. 
Van Namec, L. Wood, E. Mulligan, 31. Lyons, L. 31cFarland,.B. 
and T.' Haney, M. Ivers; 100 par excellence. '3Iisses A. Ewing, A. 
Gordon, A. Morgan, A. Geiser, 31. Lambin, L. Eljis, N. Haekett, 
L. Fox, 31. 31cFadden, A. McGinnis, F. and J. Sunderland, L. 
French, 31. Cox, J. Butts, N. Lloyd, F. Pelt. 

— “Iam speaking,” said a long-winded orator, “for the 
benefit of posterity.” “Yes,” said one of his hearers, “and 
if you keep on much longer, your audience will be here.” 



Attorneys at Law. 

Michigan Central Railway 

B rtOWJST HARVEY (E. M. Brown of ’65), At- 

torneys at Law. Cleveland, Ohio. 

S PEER «fc MITCHELL fN. S. Mitchell, of ’72], 
Attorneys at Law, No. 225 Brady St., Davenport, Iowa. 

T H03IA8 15. CLIFFORD, [of ’62] Attorney at 
Law, Notary. Public and Commissioner for all the States, 206 
Broadway (cor. Fulton), New York. Special attention given to 

F AJVIVIIVG- 4fc HOGAN [D. J. Hogan, of ’741, At- 
torneys at Law, Room 2G, Ashland Block, N. E. Cor. Clark and 
Randolph sts., Chicago, 111. 

J OHN IP. McliU GrH [of ’72], Attorney at Law. Office 
65 and 67 Columbia St., Lafayette, Ind. 

D ODGE a DODGE [Chas. J., Notary Public, and 
Wm W., both of ’74], Attorneys at Law. Collections promptly 
made. Office, Hedge’s Block, Burlington, Iowa. 

Attorney at Law, Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds. 
Office, 33 Main St., Elkhart, Ind. 

Time Tabic— June 34, 1877. 








t Night 

Lv. Chicago 

“ Mich. City.. 

700 am 
9 23 “ 
10 46 “ 
12 35 p.m 
3 35 “ 

6 25 “ 

9 00 a.m 
11 10 “ 
12 15 “ 

1 38 p.m 
4 05 “ 

6 30 “ 

3 45 p.m 
C 25 “ 

8 20 “ 

10 10 “ 

5 15 p.m 
7 35 “ 

9 00 “ 

10 26 « 

12 60 a.m 
3 35 “ 

9 00 p m 

11 15 “ 

12 35 a m 
2 17 “ 

4 5“ 

8 00 am 

“ Kalamazoo.. 

“ Jackson 

Ar. Detroit 

Lv. Detroit 

“ Jackson 

“ Kalamazoo.. 

“ Niles 

“ Mich. City.. 
Ar. Chicago 

7 00 a.m 
10 20 “ 

1 15 p.m 

3 11 “ 

4 40 “ 

6 55 •* 

9 35 am 
12 15 p.m 
2 40 “ 

4 07 “ 

5 20 “ 

7 40 “ 

3 15 p.m 
6 10 “ 

9 CO “ 

7 00 a.m 

8 10 “ 
10 30 “ 

9 50 p.m 
2 45 a.n 
12 53 “ 

4 24 “ 

5 47 “ 

8 00 “ 

NIlcs and. Sou. til "Bend Division. 


Lv. So. Bend— 8 30 a.m. 630 pm. 
“ N. Dame— 8 37 •• 6 35 

Ar. Niles— 9 10 “ 7 15 “ 


Lv. Niles — 7 05 a.m. 4 15 p.m 

“ N. Dame— 7 40 “ 4 48 “ 

Ar. So. Bend— 7 45 “ 4 55 “ 

M cRRI I> n A AI 1LLA HD (Jas. E. McBride, of 
’68), Att’ys at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, and Proctors in Ad- 
miralty. Practice in all the courts of Mich, and of the U. S. Office, 
41 Monroe St., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

W ILLTA M «T. CL ARlvE (of ’74) Attorney at Law, 
Rooms 3 & 4, Law Building, No. 67 S. High St., Colnmbns. O. 

J A.31IES A_. O’REILXiY-of ’69. — Attorney at Law, 
527 Court Street, Reading, Pa. Collections promptly attended to. 

J O I I IV XX. McCORMICK — of ’73— Attorney at Law 
and Notary Public, Lancaster, Ohio. 

•Snnday excepted. tDaily. ^Saturday and Snnday excepted. 
Henrt C. Wentworth, H. B. Ledtard, 

G. P. & T. A., Chicago, 111. Gen’l Snp’t, Chicago, 111. 

G. L. Elliott, Agent, South Bend, Ind. 

Minerals, Shells, Birds, Etc. 

Civil Engineers & Surveyors. 

C M. PROCTOR [of ’75] Civil Engineer of City and 
. County of Elkhart. Office, 67 Main St., Elkhart, Indiana. 
Special attention given to Hydraulic Engineering. 

A RTIXL) ft J. ST ACE [of ’64], County Surveyor for 
IX St. Joseph County. South Bend, Ind. 

'Weekly 1ST e wsp ap ers. 

weekly at Colnmbns, O. Subscriptions from Notre Dame’s stu- 
dents and friends solicited. Terms, §2 per annum. 

D. A. Clarke, op ’70. 

T IIE A_ V E 31 AT5IA., a Catholic journal devoted to the 
Blessed Virgin, published every Saturdav at Notre Dame, Ind. 
EdPed by a Priest of the Congregation of the Holy Cross. Subscrip- 
ion price, 52.50. 

monthly at Loogootcc, Ind. 50 cts. per year. Subscriptions 
solicited from the friends and students of Notre Dame. - 

Arthur C. O’Brian, op ’76. 

T IIE south REND HERALD, published 
weekly by Chas. Murray & Co, (T. A. Dailey, of ’74) 51.50 per 


The Natnrallsts’ Agency has been established at 1223 Belmont Av- 
enue, Philadelphia, for the purpose of giving collectors of objects of 
Natural History an opportunity of buying, selling or exchanging 
their duplicates or collections. 

Specimens sent to any part of the world by mail. An illustrated 
monthly bnlletin of 8 pnges sent free. 

I received the highest award given to any one at the Centennial 
Exposition of 1876, and the only award and medal given to any Amcr 
ican for “ Collections of Minerals.” 

My Mincralogical Catalogue, of 50 pages, is distributed free to all 
customers, to others on receipt of 10 cents. It is profusely illus- 
trated, and the printer and engraver charged me about $900, before 
a copy was strnck off. By means of the table of species and accom- 
panying tables most species may be verified. The price list is an ex- 
cellent check-list containing the names of all the species and tho 
more common varieties, arranged alphabetically and preceded by the 
species nnmber. The species number indicates the place of any 
mineral in the table of species, after it will be found the species 
name, composition, streak of lustre, cleavage or fracture, hardness, 
specific gravity, fusibility and crystallization. 

Owing to an increase in stock, it has become necessary io obtain 
a larger and more convenient location. This has been found at No. 
1223 BelmoDt Avenue, about 2 squares from the Trans-Continental 

Over 38 tons, and nearly $35,000 worth of Minerals on hand. 
$19,000 worth sold since the 17th day of January, when the first box 
was put into my establishment. November 13th, my cash sales were 
over $1,500 and cash receipts over $1,200. 


For Students, Amateurs, Professors, Physicians, 
and other Professional Men. 

The collections of 100 illustrate all the principal species and all the 
grand subdivisions in Dana and other works on Mineralogy; every 
Crystalline System; and all the principal Ores and every known 
Element. The collections ate labelled with a printed label that can 
only he removed by soaking. The labels of the $5. and higher 
priced collections give Dana’s species nnmber, the name, locality, and 
in most cases, the composition of the Mineral. All collections ac- 
companied by my Illustrated Catalogue and table of species. 

O lltC EE HOUSE, On the European plan, Indianap- 
olis, Ind., close to Union Depot, best in the city. English, Ger- 
man and French spoken. Geo. Rhodl ns, Proprietor; E. Kitz, Clerk. 

T HE ROND HOUSE, A. McKay, Prop., Niles, Mich- 
igan. Free Hack to and from, all Trains for Guests of the House. 

bash Avc. and Jackson St., Chicago, 111. All Notre Dame 
visitors to Chicago may he found at the Matteson. 

Visiting Cards. 

Q K CALLING CARDS —no two alike, with name 
I’J neatly printed, for 10 cents. E. A. Wilkie, 

Mishawaka, Ind. 

Number op Specimens 


in box 




in box 









$ 3 

Kl JiFiMiiJ :Ul:l M J® 1:1 U if 







pLl (Ini iiA C-yvMv 









8< 0 

Send for the bulletin stating- where yon saw this advertisement. 

A. E. FOOTE, M. D., 

Prof, of Chemistry and Mineralogy, 

Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Scienc 
Life Member of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sci t ~ 
ences and of the American Museum of Natural 
History , Central Park, New York. 







1 ! 


1878. NEW YORK. 1878. 

As tlie time approaches for the renewal of subscriptions, THE 
SUN would remind its friends and wcllwishers everywhere, that 
it is again a candidate for their consideration and support. Upon 
its record for the past ten years it relics for a continuance of the 
hearty sympathy and generous co-operation which have hitherto 
been extended to it from every quarter of the UnioD. 

The X>aily Sun is a four-page sheet of 28 columns, price, 
by mail, post paid, 55 cents a month, or $0.50 per year. 

The Sunday edition of The Sun is an eight-page sheet of 
56 columns. While giving the news of the day, it also contains 
a large amount of literary and miscellaneous matter specially 
prepared for it. The Sunday Sun has met with great success. 
Post paid, $ 1.30 a year. 

Tlie ’Weelcly Sun. 

Who does not know The Weekly Sun V It circulates through- 
out the United States, the Canadas, and beyond. Ninety thousand 
families greet its welcome pages weekly, and regard it in the light 
of guide, counsellor, and friend. Its news, editorial, agricultural, 
and literary departments make it essentially a journal for the 
family and the fireside. Terms: One X>ollar a year, post 
paid. This price, quality considered, makes it the cheapest 
news-paper published. For clnbs of ten, with §10 cash, we will 
send an extra copy free. Address 


Chicago, Pi. I. & Pacific. 

Through trains are run to Leavenworth and Atchison, connecting 
with trams for all points in Kansas and Southern Missouri. This 
is acknowledged by the travelling public to be the 

Great Overland Route to California. 

Two express trains leave Chicago daily from depot, corner Van 
Buren and Sherman streets, as follows: 

. Leave Arrive. 

Omaha, Leavenworth and Atchison Express. .10 00 n.ra. 3 45 p.m. 

Peru accommodation 5 00 p.m. 0 35 a.m. 

Night Express 10 00 p.m. 0 50 a.m. 


Gcn’l Pass. Agent. General Superintendent 

0. & N.-W. LINES. 


Embraces under one management the Great Trunk Railway 
Lines of the WEST and NORTH-WEST, and, with its numerous 
Branches and connections, forms the shortest and quickest 
route between Chicago and all points in Illinois, Wisconsin, 
Northern Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, California and 
the Western Territories. Its 


Is the shortest and best route between Chicago and all points 
in Northern Illinois, Iowa, Dakota, Nebraska/Wyoming, Colo- 
rado, Utah, Nevada, California, Oregon, China, Japan and Aus- 
tralia. Its 


Is the short line between Chicago and all points in Northern 
Wisconsin and Minnesota, and for MadisoD, St. Paul, Minne 
apolis, Duluth, and all points in the Great Northwest. Its 


fs the best route between Chicago and La Crosse, Wmona- 
Rochcster, Owatonna, Mankato, St. Peter, New Ulm, and all 
points in Southern and Central Minnesota. Its 

Is the only line between Chicago and Janesville, Watertown, 
Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, Appleton, Green Bay, Escanaba, Negau- 
nee, Marquette, Houghton, Hancock and the Lake Snperior 
Country. Its 


Is the only route between Chicago and Elgin, Rockford, Free- 
port, and all points via Freeport. Its 


Is tlie old Lake Shore Route, and is the only one passing be- 
tween Chicago and Evanston, Lake Forest, Highland Park, 
Waukegan, Racine, Kenosha and Milwaukee. 


are run on all through trains of this road. 

New York Office, No. 415 Broadway ; Boston Office, No. 5 
State Street; Omaha Office, 245 Farnham Street; San Fran, 
cisco Office, 121 Montgomery Street ; Chicago Ticket Ollices- 
62 Clark Street, under Sherman House ; 75 Canal, corner Madi- 
son Street ; Kinzie Street Depot, corner W. Kinzie and Canal 
Streets; Wolls Street Depot, corner Wells and Kinzie Streets. 

For rates or information not attainable from your borne ticket 
agents, apply to 

W. H. Stexnett, Marvin IIugiiitt, 

Gen. Pass. Ag’t, Chicago. Gen. Manager, Chicago. 


Union Dcpo , West side, near Madison street bridge; Ticket offices 
at depot and 122 Randolph street. 

Arrive. Leave. 

Kansas City nd Denver Express via Jack- 
sonville, 11 and Louisiana, Mo 3 40 pm 12 30 pm 

Springfield and St.. Lou ! s Ex. via Main'Line.8 00 pm 9 00 am 
Springfield, St. Louis and Texas Fast Ex. via 

Main Line .7 30 am 9 00 pm 

Peoria Day Express 3 40 pm 9 00 am 

Peoria, Keokuk and Burlington Ex 7 30 am 9 00 pm 

Chicago and Paducah Railroad Express 8 00 pm 9 00 am 

Streator,Wenona, Lacon and Washington Ex 3 40 pm 12 30 pm 

Joliet Accommodation .9 20 am 5 00 pm 

T. C. McMullin, Gen. Supt. J. Cuarlton, Gen. Pass. Agt. 


In the immediate vicinity of Notre Dame, and very conveniently 
located in regard to Church and Markets, a very desirable property 
consisting of three large enclosed lots, a good two story framo house, 
well arranged and finished, good stable, carriage-shed, coal house, 
young trees, grapes, shrubbery, etc., will be sold atreasonable figures 
to a good buyer. For further information, address P. O. Box 35, No. 
Notre Dame, Ind. 



Founded 1842. Chartered 1844. 

This Institution, incorporated in 1844, enlarged in 1866, and 
fitted up with all the modern improvements, affords accom- 
modation to five hundred Students. It is situated near the 
City of South Bend, Indiana, on the Lake Shore and Michigan 
Southern Railroad. The Michigan Central and the Chicago 
and Lake Huron Railroads also pass near the College grounds. 
In the organization of the house everything is provided to se- 
cure the health and promote the intellectual and moral advance, 
ment of the students. Three distinct courses of study arc es- 
tablished: the Classical, the Scientific, and the Commercial, 
Optional courses may also be taken by those students whose 
time is limited. 

This is a separate Department in the Institution at Notre 
Dame, for hoys under 13 years of age. 

Thorough and comprehensive instruction in all primary 
branches is imparted. The discipline is parental, and suited to 
children of tender years. Personal neatness and wardrobe re- 
ceive special attention from the Sisters, who take a tender and 
faithful care of their young charges. 

Full particulars are contained in the Catalogue, which will 
he mailed on application to 

Very Rev. W. Corby, C. S. C., Pres’t., 

Notre Dame, Ind. 



L. S. & M. S. Railway. 

On and after Sunday, May. 13, 1877, trains will leave South Bend as 


2 25 a. m., Chicago and St. Louis Express, over Main Line, 
arrives at Toledo 9 50; Cleveland 2 20 p m; Buffalo 8 05 p.m.. 

1 1 22 a m, Mail, over Main Line, arrives at Toledo, 5 60 p m ; 
Cleveland 10 30 p m; Buffalo, 5 20 a m. 

7 16 pm. Special New York Express,! over Air Line; arrives 
at Toledo 10 56 p m; Cleveland 1 44 a m; Buffalo 0 52 a m. 

O 12 pm, Atlantic Express, over Air Line. Arrives at Toledo 

40am: Cleveland, 7 <5 a m; Buffalo, 1 05pm. 

4 38 and 4 pm, Way Freight. 


2 43 am, Toledo Express. Arrives at Lnporte 3 35 a m, Chicago 

5 05 a m. Pacific Express. Arrives at Laporte 5 50 a m ; Chicago 
20 a m. , 

4 38 p m. Special Chicago Express. Arrives at Laporte 5 35; 
Chicago. 8 pm. 

8 02 a m. Accommodation. Arrives at Laporte 9 a m; Chi- 
cago. 11 30 a. m. 

8 45 and 9 25 am. Way Freight. 

.T. W. CARY. Gcn’l Ticket Agt., Cleveland. 

J. H. PARSONS, Sup’t West Div , Chicago. 


Pittsburgh, Ft. Wayne & Chicago 



JUSTE 24, 1877. 


Cor. Canal and Madison Sts. (West Side). 

On arrival of trains from North and Southwest. 


Pittsburgh, . 
Rochester, . 


Orrvillc, .... 
Mansfield, .. 
Crestline, . . . 



Crestline, . . 



Ft. Wayne, . 

. Leave 

. Arrive 

No. l. 

No 7, 

No .3, 

No. 5, 

Fast Ex. 

Pac. Ex. 

Night Ex 


11.45 P.M. 

12.53 “ 

2.5S “ 

7.45 “ 

3.10 A.M. 

12 50 p.m . 1 

5.35 “ 

4 4G “ 

7.12 “ 

12.55 r.jr. 

7.00 “ 

3.11 “ 

7.30 “ 


9.45 “ 

7.50 a.m. 

5.40 p.m. 

9.55 p. m. 

925 “ 

7.35 “ 

11.15 “ 

10.40 “ 

9.00 “ 

1225 a.m. 

1.20 r.M. 

11.55 “ 

2.40 “ 

3.45 “ 

2 46 a.m. 

4.55 “ 

7.00 “ 

6.30 “ 

7.5S “ 


No. 4, 
Night Ex. 

No. 2, 
Fast Ex. 

No. G, 
Pac. Ex. 

No 8, 

Chicago, Leave 


9.10 p.m. 
2.46 am. 
6 55 “ 
S55 “ 
10.10 “ 
11.45 “ 

8.00 A.M. 
11.25 “ 
2.30 p.m. 
4.05 “ 
5.20 “ 
6.55 “ 


Ft. Wayne, 


24S “ 

Crestline, An-ive 

Crestline Leave 





Pittsburgh, A rrive 

12.&5 p.m. 
12.35 “ 

2.30 “ 
4.05 “ 
6.22 “ 

7.30 " 

7.15 p.m. 
7.44 “ 
9.3S “ 
11.15 “ 
3.21 A.M. 
2.30 “ 

1.40 A.M. 
205 “ 

3.40 “ 
5.03 “ 
C9 ' “ 
70 p.m. 

G 05 a.m. 
6.55 “ 
9.15 “ 
11.20 “ 
2.00 r.M. 
3.30 “ 

Trains Nos. 3 and G run Daily. Train No. 1 leaves Pittsburgh 
daily except Saturday. Train No. 4 leaves Chicago daily ex- 
cept Saturday. All others daily except Sunday. 


That runs the celebrated Pcm/han Palace Cars from Chicago io 
Baltimore, Washington City, Philadelphia and New Ycrk without 
change. Through tickets for sale at all principal ticket offices at 
the lowest current rates. 


F. E. HYEES, G. P. & T. A. 




For my attention to the patrons of Notre Dame and St. Mmy’s, I 
refer, by permission, to the Superiors of both Institutions. 


Look to Your Health. 

Boland’s Aromatic Bitter Wine of Iron is the best Spring 
remedy for impoverished blood, physical exhaustion, or 
impaired digestion. 

Ladies troubled with ailments incident to delicate con 
stitutions will find it invaluable. 

Depot, Boland’s Drugstore, 

53 CLARK ST., opposite Sherman Honse, 

Chicago, Illinois. 

Sets ’Em Up. 

HENRY BLUM on hand with a full stock of 
Imported and Domestic CIGkARS and TO- 
BACCOS at the 


34 Washington Street, SOUTH BEND, IND 




41 & 43 Wabash Avenne, 




Watches, Clocks, 



All Kinds of Engraving Done. 


M. Livingston & Co., 

ARE 1 

Leading 1 Merchant Tailors in South Bead.