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liotre Dame 

X>isce q.ixasl serixpex" ‘vlctirrxis; "vlvo q^uasi eras xnoritrams. . 

Volume XI. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, APRIL 6, 1878. Number 32. 

He Leads us on. 

He leads *BS on 

By paths vre did not know : 

Upward He leads ns, though our steps be slow, 
Though oft we faint and falter by the way, 

Though storms and darkness oft obscure the day. 

Yet, when the clouds are gone 
"We know He leads us on. 

He leads us on 

Through all the unquiet years : 

Past all our dreamland hopes and donbts and fears, 

He guides our steps. Through all the tangled maze 
Of sin, of sorrow, and o’erclouded days, 

We know His wilt is done ; 

- And still He leads us on. 

And He at last, 

After the weary strife, 

After the restless fever we call life — 

After the dreariness, the aching pqia — 

The wayward struggles, which have proved in vain, 
After our toils are past — 

Will give us rest at last. 


Rhampsinitus and the Sons of the Architect. 

The following story, or rather fact, which, Herodotus, 
the father of history, was told by the priests of Egypt dur- 
ing his stay in that country, was deemed by him worthy 
to be handed down to posterity in his memorable work of 
history : 

King Khampsinitus, who towards the year 1250 B. C. 
succeeded Proteus on the throne of Egypt, had, we are 
told, accumulated riches and treasures such as had never 
before been seen. To secure them from thieves and rob- 
bers, he built a large tower of stone, the outer wall of 
which was beyond the enclosure of his palace. The 
architect who had been charged with the execution of the 
work, however, had fitted one of the stones on the outside 
with such skill and ingenuity that one man could easily 
remove it and thus gain entrance to the royal treasury. 

When the tower was finished, the king deposited all his 
riches therein, but the poor architect was not to enjoy the 
fruit of his contrivance. Shortly afterwards he fell danger- 
ously ill, and feeling liis end approach called his two sons to 
his bedside and revealed the secret to them. He clearly de- 
scribed the stone, and indicated the way in which they were 
to remove it, adding that if they would go to work with 
prudence and observe his prescriptions they would be- 
come masters of the monarch’s wealth. 

The architect died, and his sons were not slow in carrying 
out their father’s plan. The very first night after hearing 

’ of it, they repaired to the king’s palace, entered through 
the ingeniously arranged aperture and carried off a large 
amount of treasure. This they did several times, so that 
the king one day on visiting his treasury was disagree- 
ably surprised to find the coffers half empty. He was at 
a loss how to explain this alarming decrease of his riches, 
as the whole house was well secured from without, and 
the royal seal on the door inside had not been broken. 
As he could not fix the slightest suspicion ,on anybody, 
and seeing his riches disappearing more and more every 
day, he at last resolved to place traps around the vessels 
containing them. 

The following night our thieves paid their visit to the 
treasury as usual. One of them entered, and as he ap- 
proached the vessels, he was at once caught in the trap. 
After repeated and useless efforts to extricate himself, he 
called to his brother who kept guard outside, bidding him 
come in immediately and cut off his head, lest he shoold 
be recognized and involve his whole family in his own 
ruin. The other, seeing their desperate situation, thought 
it best to do as he was bid ; after decapitating his brother 
he carefully replaced the stone, taking the head with him. 

The next morning the king visited his treasures and was 
astonished at seeing the body of the thief in the trap, 
minus the head. A close examination was then made, but 
to his great surprise and perplexity he could not discover 
how anyone could have got in. The chamber was' ap- 
parently secure at all. points, and there was no means of 
entrance or exit. In this dilemma he concluded to hang 
the corpse on the outside of the wall, and placed guards 
around it, ordering them to arrest anyone who would be 
seen to weep or seem in the least moved at the fearful 

On his return home the surviving thief was badly re- 
ceived by his mother, and when the latter heard that the 
corpse of her son was publicly exposed, she could no 
longer restrain her grief, but broke out in the most bitter 
lamentations. In her anguish she accosted her surviving 
son and threatened him that if within one day he would 
not take down and bring home the body of his brother 
she would denounce him to the king as the robber of his 
treasury and the murderer of her son. No entreaty, no 
supplication whatever could move the heart of the afflicted 
mother. The young man then arranged the following 
plan. He loaded several asses with leather bottles filled 
with wine, and drove them before him towards the place 
where the body of his brother was exposed. Arrived 
there, he opened two or three of the bottles and allowed 
the wine to spill, at the same time feigning the utmost 
.despair and breaking out into loud complaints at the seem- 
ing accident. The guards had no sooner\e wine 
flowing than they ran to it, and with the vessels in their 



liands saved the good wine from spilling, notwithstanding 
all the remonstrances, the violent anger, and abusive re- 
proaches of the ass-driver. They ingeniously endeavored 
to soothe his temper and to console him in his misfortune ; 
and after they had helped- him to stop the asses they finally 
engaged with him in a rather social conversation. Finding 
him not to be such an unpleasant fellow after all, they in- 
vited him to join their party and made him drink and be 
merry with them. After so much kindness of course he 
could not resist, nor would he allow himself to be outdone 
in generosity by them. He gave them some of the wine- 
skins as a present, and our brave sentinels took very copi- 
ous draughts, until they finally got too much of a good 
thing, and, overpowered by the force of the wine, they 
soon fell asleep. The night was already far advanced ; and 
the ass-driver took down the corpse of his brother, laid it 
on the asses, and then by way of insult shaved the right 
cheek of all the sentinels, and brought the corpse home to 
his mother. 

When the king heard that the body of the thief had been 
stolen, he became exceedingly indignant, and determined 
to find out at any cost the contriver of the artifice. He 
brought his daughter to a public place and announced that 
he would give her in marriage to whomsoever would have 
answered satisfactorily the questions which she would pro- 
pose. He had given her orders to ask each one presenting 
himself what had been the most clever and the most 
wicked action of his life, and should any boast of the 
affair concerning the removal of the corpse she was to 
seize him and have him placed under arrest. 

The son of the architect, however, guessed the king’s 
design, and determined to outdo him in his craftiness by 
having recourse to another act of daring and subtlety. He 
cut off at the shoulder the arm of a fresh corpse, took it 
beneath his cloak, and went to see the king’s daughter. 
He was of course asked the same questions as all the 
others, when he coldly replied that the most wicked 
action he had committed was to cut off his brother’s head 
when caught in a trap in the king’s treasury, and the most 
clever thing he had ever done was to make the sentinels 
drunk and take away the corpse of his brother which had 
been hung up aud so carefully guarded. At these words 
the princess immediately seized him and called for assistance. 
The thief, however, stretched out towards her the dead 
arm, left it in her hands, and made a speedy exit through 
the open door. 

This event being reported to Khampsinitus, he was greatly 
astonished at the shrewdness and boldness of the man. 
His wrath turned to admiration, and he ordered proclama- 
tions to be made in all the cities of his kingdom offering a 
free pardon and promising great rewards to the man if he 
would discover himself The thief, relying on the king’s 
words, presented himself, and Rhampsinitus greatly ad- 
mired him and gave him his daughter in marriage, con- 
sidering him to be the most clever man among all the 
Egyptians, whom, the priests said, were superior to all 
other nations. X. 

— ^It is said that Jloliere read his comedies to an elderly 
female servant named Lefaret; and when he perceived that 
the passages which he intended to be humorous and laugh- 
able had no effect on her, he altered them. He also required 
the players to bring their children to the rehearsals, that 
he niight form his opinion of different passages from the. 
natural expression of their' countenance. 

A Minister’s , Tribute to a Catholic Missionary. 

At the fifth annual meeting of the Michigan State Pio- 
neer Society, held at Lansing, Mich., on the 7th and 8th of 
February, Rev. George Duffield, D. D., one of the members, 
paid ah eloquent tribute to the illustrious Jesuit Missionary, 
Father James Marquette, from which we take the following 

“ Jacques Marquette came late to his fame. 0 pen Daven- 
port’s dictionary of biography, published in 1831, compris- 
ing the most eminent characters of all ages, nations, and 
professions, and you will not find even so much as his name. 
Other authorities are equally silent, and hence the need of 
•such an historical society as the present, that one of the 
greatest and best of the original founders of Michigan may 
receive his due credit. Marquette was born of honorable 
family at Laon in the north of France in the year 1637. In 
1654 he joined the Society of the Jesuits, and in 1666 he 
was sent to the missions in Canada. He was the man to 
discover and trace from the north the wonderful Mississippi, 
that De Soto, the Spaniard, had first seen at the south in 
1541. In 1668, according to Bancroft, he repaired to the 
Chippewas at the Sault to establish the mission at St. Mary, 
the oldest settlement begun by Europeans within the pres- 
ent limits of the commonwealth of Michigan. On the day 
of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin, in 1673, 
he received his orders from Frontenac to go with Joliet on 
his long decided journey. Taking probably the short trail 
through the woods, he found his companion at Point St. 
Ignace, where, after many remarkable vicissitudes, both in 
life and death, he was at length to find his grave, where 
his numerous friends and admirers, both French and In- 
dians, were for so long a time to lose sight of it, and where 
a second time he gains his place as one of the founders of 

Speaking of the great work which Marquette accom- 
plished, Mr. Duffield says: 

"Honor to whom honor is due, is not only a sound 
maxim, founded on that equity, which is the highest form 
of justice, but is also in just so many words one of the very 
first principles of Christianity itself. When I cannot give 
a man credit for what be really is because he belongs to 
another party than my own, or give him credit for what 
he has done because he belongs to another denomination 
than my own, I deserve to be consigned for the remainder 
of my life to a hole in the woods. . . . Marquette was much 
more than a religious enthusiast. He was a scholar and a 
man of science, having learned within a few years to speak 
with ease in six different languages. A subtile element of 
romance pervaded his character which not only makes it 
exceedingly attractive to us in the retrospect, but was no 
doubt one of the great sources and elements of his power 
and success among his beloved Ottawas, Hurons, and other 
of the great Algonquin tribes. All historians who have 
spoken of this great explorer and missionary unite in call- 
ing him ‘The good Marquette,’ and his name and fame 
should be dear to Michigan. 

“ On May 17, 1673, Marquette, with the simple outfit of 
two birch canoes, a supply of smoked meat and Indian 
corn, and five men, embarked on what was then known as 
Lac Des Illinois, now Lake Michigan. On June 10th they 
came to the portage in Wisconsin, and after carrying their 
canoes some two miles over marsh and prairie, they com- 
mitted themselves to the current that was to bear them 
they knew not whither; perhaps to the Gulf of Mexico, 



perhaps to the South Sea or the Gulf of California. On 
June 17 where now stands Prairie du Chien, he found what 
he sought, ‘ and with a joy that I cannot express we steered 
forth our.canoes on the Mississippi, or Great River.’ The 
honor of this discovery has unjustly been given to La Salle, 
and also to Father Hennepin, but fortunately for the fame 
of Marquette, the true record of his labor was not left to 
doubtful tradition, and the hearsay testimony of Charlevoix. 
Among the papers discovered some 25 years ago in the 
archives of the college of Quebec was Marquette’s journal 
of his great expedition, the very map he drew, and a letter 
-left unfinished at the time of his death. 

“On Oct. 25, 1674, he again left St. Ignace to fulfil a 
promise to the Kaskaskias in Illinois. On Dec. 4 he 
reached Chicago, hoping to ascend the river, and by a 
portage reach the Illinois. But the ice had closed the 
stream and it was too late. A winter march across the 
country was beyond his strength, and his two faithful 
companions erected a log hut and chapel, the first dwelling 
and the first church of the first white settlement of the 
city known for its great misfortune the world over — 

“ With the opening of spring the good Father again set 
out, and his last letter notes his progress until April 6, 1675, 
when he was again struck by disease, and he saw that if he 
would die in the arms of his brethren at St. Ignace he 
must depart at once. Escorted by the Haskaskais, who 
were deeply impressed by his zeal, he reached lake 
Michigan, gave orders to his faithful men to launch his 
canoe, and commenced his adventurous voyage along that 
still unknown and dangerous shore. His strength failed 
him so that he had to be handled like a child. He showed 
admirable resignation, joy, and gentleness, consoling his 
beloved companions and encouraging them to suffer 
courageously all the hardships of this voyage. On the eve 
of his death, which was on Friday, he told the attendant 
with joy that it would take place on the morrow.” 

. Bancroft prophesied that “ the people of the West will 
build his monument,” and Mr. Duffield says the lime for it 
has come. “ There is only one regret that I should have,” 
he says in a private letter to one of the priests here, " in 
the erection of such a monument as Bancroft long since 
predicted, and that is that it should be built by -our 
Catholic friends alone. Will they not permit us all to 
unite in it — Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and the whole 
northwest— and do him honor ? the monument to be of the 
natural rocks in that immediate vicinity, and which have 
been so long waiting, apparently, for such a noble purpose.” 

The Chastised Grain-Usurer. 

(From the German.) 

“Ahem! Should the Lord God Himself come down from the 
Heavens and not give me §10 a barrel for wheat, He shall not have 
a single grain thereof.” 

When all faith and religion diminishes in man, all re- 
spect towards the things that are holy both in the sight of 
God and man likewise diminishes. This is especially 
demonstrated in our own days. With what carelessness do 
we hear those around us speak of God and His creatures, 
of His Laws, of His Church and Sacraments! It seems as 
if there were not one spark of religion left in them. 

Friend! tell me, what art thou doing when thou cursest 
so fearfully the weather if it is not just now in accordance 
with your wishes? Behold, thou takest the Name of the 

Lord thy God in vain. Tell me, who brings on rain, 
snow, hail, and fair weather ? Who permits the storms ? By 
whose power does the lightning shoot through the clouds, 
and the mighty thunder roll? Who gives rain, snow, and 
sunshine in their proper time ? It is thy Sovereign Crea- 
tor, by whose power all these things come and go. 

It was in the summer of the year 1842 that the great 
drought raised the price of grain very high ; it was as in 
the times of Elias. Not a cloud was to be seen in the 
welkin, and the heavens seemed as if shut towards man 
forever, as the dark blue hue looked down upon the parched 
earth. This was just what the grain-usurers, the leeches 

of human society, longed for. In the village of P , near 

Leipa, Bohemia, there lived a farmer to whom nothing 
was of greater value than money, and in whom riches had 
implanted the landlord’s pride. Nobody was allowed to 
usher himself into his presence unless called for. He 
possessed such a farm as a nobleman might have : super- 
abundant granaries, strutting cattle, pockets and purses 
filled with gold, florid fields, and dense forests. What 
more could a man wish ? 

This peasant came to Leipa in that self-same year. It 
was the middle of August. A beautiful clear heaven 
vaulted itself over the earth. Our peasant sat in the tavern 
among other grain-dealers. One of them questioned him: 
“ Well, friend Anton, how do you sell your wheat to 

“Ahem! If the Lord God Himself were to come down 
from the heavens and not give me §10 a barrel. He shall not 
have a single grain thereof.” 

“For God’s sake,” exclaimed many, “Anton, are you not 
afraid of sinning thus ? Do not blaspheme, for God always 
punishes blasphemy.” 

But instead of repenting, the blasphemer began to laugh 
loud and repeated the blasphemy. Those around him 
moved away from him through fear. He left, sold a load of 
oats and other grain, and his purse was filled with money. 
Exceeding elated, he returned to the tavern. At 3 o’- 
clock in the afternoon, one tiny cloud passed over the heav- 
ens. It thundered once, the lightning struck once, and the- 
cloudlet disappeared. A half an hour la’er the fire-engines 
wheeled through the streets and everybody cried out : “ The 

great farm-house in P is all on fire.” 

A messenger came breathless into the tavern and told 
our peasant that his house had been struck by the big light- 
ning and was on fire. 

“ Go, fool, what nonsense ! I have four big lightning rods 
on it; go, or big lightning will strike you.” 

Just as he raised his hand, a second, and immediately a 
third messenger came in and cried out: “Come, come^ 
nothing can be saved ! all is in flames.” 

Now indeed he was convinced. He took his hat and 
left for the farm. As he ascended the hill, in view of his 
farm, he himself saw the reality. His whole farm was on 
fire: barns, granaries, house, everything. 

God took every grain without paying one penny. 

All was burned; even the horses, cows and hogs lay 
around dead ; his gold and silver was molten, and dug out 
of the ashes in lumps, and even his full purse was lost, for 
in throwing off his coat a thief got hold of it. Thus was 
blasphemy punished on the spot. P. 

— ^Even if a boy is always whistling “ I want to be an 
angel,” it is just as well to keep the preserved pears on 
the top of the pantry. 




Of all the abominable habits in this world, and they are 
many, that of lying is the most abominable. The degrada- 
tion which this despicable habit brings upon man is 
something simply indescribable. He who is addicted to this 
vice cannot trust himself, for having lied he is constantly 
in dread lest his actions should betray him, by proving 
the contrary of what he has asserted. Hor cau he be 
trusted by his fellowmen; for since they know him to be a 
liar they never bestow upon him, nor does he ever merit, 
their confidence. They are aware of his having lied on 
former occasions, and now though he may be telling them 
the truth they cannot, without having some doubt as to the 
veracity of what he is saying, believe him. There are per- 
sons who to save themselves from punishment, no matter 
how slight that punishment may be, or how trivial may 
have been the fault which they may have committed, 
instead of standing forth and making a bold and manly 
declaration of the truth of what they have done, and re- 
ceive the punishment which they have so justly merited, 
will resort to that vile and cowardly habit of lying. The 
liar may succeed by his vile habit in diverting suspicion 
from him for the time being, but in nine cases out of ten 
he is caught in the act. What then must be his mortifica- 
tion, what his shame, on seeing himself exposed! How 
humiliated he must feel to think that after having, perhaps, 
been obliged to tell ten lies in support of one, he has at 
last been detected and is now branded as a liar ! 

We should avoid the companionship of a liar with as 
much horror as we would that of a thief or a murderer. 
You may think that such an assertion is extravagant, but 
I can show you quite conclusively that a liar is all that I 
have said him to be. 

He is a thief, inasmuch as he can rob us of that which 
we prize above all — our character. How many innocent, 
unsuspecting persons have had their good name more or 
less injured by the detractions of the liar ! How many sui- 
cides have been caused by his base calumnies and misrep- 
resentations! One instance of a suicide caused by the liar 
will suffice. In one of our Western towns there was a man 
who had established himself in business and was doing 
well. He was distinguished for his integrity, manliness 
and uprightness of character. For a long time all went 
well; but by and by, owing to the lying disposition of a 
certain individual, false reports as to the character of the 
man were freely circulated. These reports, on account of 
the supposed integrity of the one circulating them, made 
rapid headway. Those who formerly stood by him as 
friends now began to desert him one by one. He, as a nat- 
ural consequence, became disheartened and dejected, and 
seeing his business prospects destroyed, and his character 
ruined, resolved to put an end to his existence, which he 
did by suiciding. Other examples of the same nature could 
be adduced; but I deem it unnecessary to bring forward 
any more examples as proofs of what I have asserted— that 
a liar is both a thief and a murderer. 

Thus fax we have viewed the liar only in his relation 
with his fellowman; let us now see how he stands in his 
relation to God. God is essentially a lover of truth, since 
He is Truth itself, and must therefore of necessity be dia- 
metrically opposed to the contrary — untruth. Let us ex- 
amine one or two passages of Holy Scripture in order that 
we may better understand the hatred which Almighty God 
bears towards this vice. In the Book of Wisdom we read : I 

“The mouth that belieth, killeth the soul,” and in the 
Apocalypse: “All liars shall have their portion in the pool 
burning with fire and brimstone.” How hateful then must 
lying be in the sight of God, since He is compelled to con- 
demn it in such fearful terms ? How I do not mean to say 
that every lie is mortal, and will consequently merit this 
general condemnation. Ho; far from it. For instance, in 
jesting we often say things which are untrue, but they are 
not mortal sins, since in jesting we do not mean to injure 
anyone ; still even those should be avoided, for since it is 
known that people who began by stealing a pin became 
great thieves, so also he who begins lying in jest may also 
be led to lie in serious matters. 

Lies are mortal sins only when told to oppose' the great 
truths of religion ; to praise vice or to condemn virtue ; to 
protect or forward wickedness; to injure our fellowman in 
anything of consequence; when we know that they shall 
be a cause for scandal to others ; when having made a prom- 
ise in matters of consequence we fail to keep it; and when 
otherwise venial they are confirmed by oath. In all such 
cases they are mortal sins, and consequently merit the pun- 
ishment due them. 

Such is the manner in which this contemptible habit is 
viewed by both God: and man. Ton can never become 
distinguished members of society unless you are firm lovers 
of truth. Let you, then, who have contracted this habit of 
lying resolve to part with it forever ; for if you do not, rest 
assured that you can never attain to that success for which 
you are striving. Follow the noble example set by him 
who is called “ Fater Patrice ^ — the immortal George Wash- 
ington,— who having cut down his father’s cherry tree and 
being asked if he had done it did not try to throw the 
blame on some one else, but said “I did it, father.” So 
you also when questioned concerning any fault which you 
mhy have committed, be men, and fearlessly tell the truth. 
And no matter what position you may occupy in society, 

“ Or whate’er may betide. 

Keep truth your companion. 

And honor your guide.” 

Leaving Home. 

' “ stay, stay at home, my heart, aUd rest. 

Home-keeping hearts are happiest; 

For those that wander they know not where 
Are full of trouble and full of care, — 

To stay at home is best.” 

Who has not felt his heart shrink within him when for 
the first lime he was about to leave his father’s roof and 
the friends endeared to him by so many associations, so 
many acts of kindness — when he is to leave a father’s gui- 
dance and protection, to go forth and act without an ad- 
viser, and to rely upon his own unaided judgment! 0 how^ 
cold and desolate the world then appears ! When the time 
of departure comes, the heart seems to overflow with emo- 
tion. It causes a painful struggle to say the final “ Good- 
bye ! ” and it is often in silence that we receive the adieus 
of father and mother, sisters and brothers. 

Having thus gone forth into the wide world, and felt the 
want of a father’s care and a mother’s love, then will it be 
that the scenes passed through iu youth will return freshly 
to mind; kind acts and words given and received will 
make the heart pulse with fervid emotion, and the remem- 
brance of every unkind word, or look, or thought will give 
a double pain. 

After the battle of Gettysburg a large number of the 



■wounded were sent lo Philadelphia; the citizens of the 
" City of Brotherly Love ” did all they could to cheer and 
comfort the poor fellows, many of whom were from the far 
distant West, others whose homes were beyond the sea. The 
dying soldiers’ conversations were generally of their old 
homes, of their brothers and sisters, and their dear father 
and mother whom they were never to see again. Others, 
too weak to converse, lay on their couch of death to dream 
of home and those dear ones whom they would never again 
behold in this world. As I before remarked, everything 
possible was done to cheer and comfort them. Among 
other means of entertaining them and diverting their minds 
from gloomy thoughts, vocal and instrumental music were 
introduced into the different wards. One day aprma donna 
who was then singing at the Arch Street Theatre visited the 
hospital. Sitting down to a piano, she played and sang “ Do 
they think of me at home ? ” Before she had half finished 
the piece of music she was approached by a physician and 
requested to stop. On looking about to see the cause of 
her interruption she beheld the soldiers in tears. It is said 
that soldiers heroically undergo the most excruciating tor- 
ture with scarcely a murmur, for a soldier thinks it an act 
of cowardice to cry or moan ; therefore the suffering that 
wrings one or the other from his brave bosom must be fear- 
ful indeed; yet, at the sound of these words “Do they 
think of me at home ? ’’ the noble veterans were moved to 
tears. ^ 

Again, I remember reading of the departure of the New- 
port Kentucky Volunteers. These brave men were about 
to risk their lives for their country’s cause; they were 
departing from those who were as dear to them as life, 
and were leaving their friends and firesides without the 
certainty of ever returning to them. It was one of those 
sorrowful scenes that were so common during the late 
civil war. Many of these brave men, remarked a reporter, 
bade adieu to their nearest and dearest friends without the 
least noticeable emotion until the band struck up the air 
“ My Old Kentucky home, good night ” ; then, he con- 
tinues, there was not to be seen a dry eye amongst that 
vast throng. 

Ah yes, it is hard to part from parents and friends and 
home, and we who are not compelled to leave them should 
be grateful to a kind Providence who gave us a home in 
a land of plenty, and kind parents to care for us and to 
attend to our many wants. We should not wait for the 
bitter hours of separation to learn to appreciate these 
blessings of a beneficent Providence, but should now 
honor, love and pray for those dear parents, and not only 
in childhood and youth, but also and more particularly in 
our riper years; for as we advance in wisdom and knowl- 
edge we should increase in piety and filial devotedness. 
'Thus we read of our Saviour, the pattern of all virtue, 
that He was obedient to His holy Mother and His foster- 
father St. Joseph not only until His twelfth year, but until 
His thirtieth year, for after His finding in the Temple we 
read that “He went down to Nazareth and was subject to 
them,” as if to convince us that obedience to parents is our 
great and continual duty, and one that is extremely pleas- 
ing to God, as is shown by the promise made to those 
who honor their parents: “Honor thy father and thy 
mother, that thou mayest be long-lived upon the land which 
the Lord thy God will give thee.” (Exodus, xx, 12.) 

A JuinoK. 

Anecdotes of Pope Pins IX. 

[From “ Life of Pins IX ” by Eev. Bernard O’Eeilly, D. D.l 

But few anecdotes have reached us about his doings in 
South America. Two noteworthy incidents will snASce, 
however, to show in what direction ran the current of that 
unselfish existence. In one of the wild valleys between 
the interlocking spurs of the Andes he stumbled on a 
hovel, in which a poor man lay at the point of death, -with 
his wife and children weeping, hopeless and helpless, 
around him. It was an Indian family. They had received 
neither instruction nor baptism; had never been under 
priestly care, and knew the Christian religion only by the 
traditions of their parents and the godless lives of the 
Spanish mountaineers and traders. The comely features 
of the young priest, who all of a sudden appeared at the 
death-bed, lighted up as they were by unearthly charity, 
seemed to the dying man and his family an angelic ap- 
parition. The words and acts of the stranger proved to 
be those of an angel. He spoke of heaven, and of Him 
who died on the cross to open its gates to all men, with 
such inspired eloquence and in the near presence of death 
that the poor sufferer believed and was baptized. He was 
doing, like the first apostles, Christ’s work among the 
heathen, and Christ was with him giving efficacy to his 
every word. 

When the regenerated soul had taken its flight, Mastai 
opened the wallet containing his wardrobe, took out his 
best linen, clothed the catechumen in it, and thus laid him 
to his rest, with Christ’s Cross above his grave on the hill- 
side. Then he instructed and baptized the widow and her 
orphans, shared with them his little money and clothing, 
and went on his way seeking other stray sheep of his Mas- 
ter’s fold. 

As in Imola, so in Rome, Pius would go into the streets 
simply dressed and with few or no attendants, seeking the 
most neglected portions of the city for his walks and 
visits, and wishing to see with his own eyes where light 
and air were most needed, or souls were most in want of 
spiritual aid. The Ghetto, the Jews’ quarter, had been the 
scene of many a charitable excursion in his younger days ; 
he knew of its squalor and many pitiful discomforts, and 
was planning a change. One day a wretched old creature 
stopped him to lay before him his sore distress. Perhaps 
he was one of the many who yearly spend their little all in 
making a pilgrimage to Palestine, and after pouring out 
their tears, their prayers, their longings on the ruins of 
their once glorious Temple, find their way back to die 
among tbeir kind in some Christian land, where they ex- 
perience but little of Christian charity. 

The Pope paused to listen to the story of his poor peti- 
tioner, and placed a large alms in his hand, with .loving 
words of comfort that were ever ready. Thereupon an at- 
tendant reminded His Holiness that the recipient, of his 
kindness was a Jew. “What does that matter!” was the 
quick reproof; “it is a man.” The act and the words were 
not forgotten. They kindled hope and love in every house 
and every heart of the Ghetto. It was only a beginnig, 
however. Ere a new year dawned that down-trodden race 
received from their sovereign and father splendid proofs- of 
a liberality and kindness which should suffice to immortal- 
ize a prince even in the absence of political genius and 
transcendent success. 

— Impatience dries the blood sooner than age or sorrow. 
— Ghapin. 

— Passion is the drunkenness of the mind. — South. 



Scientific Notes. 

— The Geographical Magazine for March handsomely 
acknowledges that its former severe judgment of Mr. Stan- 
ley’s conduct towards the natives was unjustifiable. 

— As the Chinese have no alphabet, the telegraph has 
proven worthless; but the telephone has been adopted 
by the authorities, and 500 miles have been spoken over 

— ^The common honey-bee, when imported to Australia, 
continues its accustomed habits of industry for a year or 
two, accumulating honey and maintaining order in the 
hive, after which it ceases to lay by stores of food, and 
becomes utterly barren. 

— ^Among odd places for birds’ nests, it is noted in Forest 
and, Stream that a pair of robins built their domicile on the 
ground at the base of an apple tree, between two swelling 
roots. The tree stood on a steep incline, and the nest was 
on the lower side of the stem. 

— The collection of Indian relics formed by George 
Gatlin, the famous historian of Indian life, is to pass into 
the possession of the Smithsonian Institution. It em- 
braces, besides implements, weapons, and curiosities, 300 
portraits in oil, and 200 paintings illustrating the different 
phases of Indian life. 

— A Roman coin of bronze, of the size of about a half 
dollar, has been found in the environs of Zyfflich, Rhenish 
Prussia. Judging from its inscriptions and images, it 
must be a medal struck in memory of the triumph of Ger- 
manicus in May, A. D. 17, when that General returned 
from his campaign in Germany. 

— ^An invention providing the motive-power of a sewing- 
machine in a coil of strong springs has been perfected in 
Vienna. The speed of running the machine can be regu- 
lated with ease by the operator, and the motion continued 
for hours, — thus doing away with the wearying exertion 
imposed by impelling it with the feet. 

— ^Remains of the village of Eidun, which was submerged 
in 1430, in the German Sea, were excavated last fall. Stone 
foundations of dwellings, garden walls, and remnants of 
wood work for fences and beams, and especially many 
old pits made of turf sods, have been brought to light. 
Besides this, old coin and tools, and a well preserved 
metal bracelet of exquisite workmanship, have been found. 

— An application of electricity to prevent railway-col- 
lisions is being tried at the station at Marseilles. It con- 
sists of an electric mirror, in which all tbe movements on a 
line 100 kilometres in length are brought vividly before 
the eye, enabling the station-masters to follow exactly the 
progress of every train. It is hoped that by this means 
accidents resulting from delays or too rapid runs may be 

— ^The British bark D. M’B. Park, which arrived at "West 
Cowes, March 30, from Batavia, reports the occurrence of 
several submarine volcanoes in the equatorial region, in 
the month of January. The report runs : “ January 29, at 
7 a. m., in lat. 4.20 N., long. 21.45 W., saw several sub- 
marine volcanoes throwing large columns of water about 
100 feet in the air, while the sea was iu great commotion, 
as it is when there is a very strong under-current, the 
weather at the time being very cloudy, with rain, and 
nearly calm. The sound was like distant thunder.” 

— ^M. de Quatrefages noticed, a few months ago, that a 
six-toed cock had so universally transmitted to his descend- 
ants the peculiarity that marked him, and it has spread 
so widely that the ordinary five-toed variety had disap- 
peared in the district. M. Lengien, a physician of Arras, 
has lately described a remarkable perpetuation of a pecu- 
liar formation in the human species. A man named 
M. Gamelon, in the last century, had two thumbs on each 
hand and two great-toes on each foot. The peculiarity 
was not transmitted to his own offspring, but appeared in 
each of the three subsequent generations, — some of the 
children at present showing it in a clearly marked manner. 

— ^The attention of the London Linnaean Society was 
lately called to the valuable qualities of the Mahwa tree 
{Bassia latifolia), which grows in abundance in India. 

The flowers, of which a single tree will bear several hun- 
dred pounds, resemble iu taste the dried seedless grapes 
called Corinths, and are eagerly devoured by wild animals 
of all kinds. They are nutritious to man, and form an 
excellent food for fattening cattle. A strong-smelling 
spirit, a kind of arrack, is obtained by distillation of the 
corolla : an essential oil is yielded by the fruit ; and, as an 
agent iu soap making, the tree is invaluable. The Bassias 
belongs to the natural order Sapotaceae, and one.of the 
species is the Butter tree of Mungo Park. 

— ^The antiquities found in tbe environs of Lake Wan, 
Armenia, and afterwards purchased by British ambas- 
sador Layard in Constantinople, have now been placed 
in the British Museum. They represent a valuable collec- 
tion and are of so much the more importance at the pres- 
ent time as no similar objects from that country and dating 
from that period are extant. The city of Wan is vener- 
ablein its age, since it is certain that it existed in the 
10th century before Christ. These Armenian objects 
greatly resemble the Assyrian antiquities, with this dif- 
ference, that the artists of the old Minnaeans, then living 
in the country of Wan, have reproduced from nature 
more true and exact than was done by the Assyrian paint- 
ers and sculptors. The inscriptions could give much inter- 
esting knowledge if savants could be found to decipher 
them. In the main, the collection consists of the bronze 
ornaments of a palace. 

— ^Arrangements are making for a very complete exposi- 
tion of the progress of Science, at the furthcoming World’s 
Fair. An enormous building in the Trocadero Park will 
be devoted to the “ scientific display.” In this an audience- 
room is to be constructed seating above 4,000 people, and 
to be used expressly for lectures. Each Government de- 
partment will show the way its scientific work is done, 
and there will be a collection illustrating the scientific 
enterprises France has accomplished during the present 
century. Every facility will be afforded for the conventions 
of scientific societies ; lecture-rooms will be provided gratis ; 
advertising will be conducted on an extensive scale ; and 
Government apparatus will be at the disposal of lecturers 
for the performance of experiments. In view of these gen- 
erous provisions on the part of France for the exposition 
of Science, and of the neglect of England to contribute any- 
thing to the display, Mature exclaims in despair, “ We 
surely must, after all, be merely a nation of shopkeepers, 
seeing that our Royal Commissioners have doubted our 
capabilities in any other direction !” 

— Shortly before the close of 1877, the chemists Cailletet 
and Raoul Pictet of Paris, both working separately at their 
experiments, have succeeded in producing oxygen gas in a 
liquid form. On the 31si of December Cailletet informed 
the Academy of Science in Paris that he had succeeded in 
a similar operation with nitrogen, and even with hydrogen, 
although for the latter a failure was at first expected. The 
experiment was tried in the laboratory of the Ecole Nor- 
male, in presence of distinguished chemists and professors 
of natural philosophy. Nitrogen has been observed in the 
shape of little drops, and hydrogen in the shape of a fog. 
Thus it is proved that all gases are subject to the rule 
which states the possibility of their liquefaction. This is 
done with nitrogen under pressure of 200 atmospheres, or 
about 3000 deg., and with hydrogen under a pressure of 
280 atmospheres, or 4200 deg. per square inch, and -is' 
brought about by a lowering of temperature which at the 
moment of the operation is 300 deg. below zero (Celsius). 
The cold and the heavy pressure of air jointly move the 
molecules of gas to such a density that they are trans- 
formed into a liquid shape, since our common air is com- 
posed af oxygen and nitrogen, and each one of these gases 
is subject to liquefaction, it is evident that air itself can be 
successfully operated upon in this manner. Cailletet has 
proved this by taking a quantity of air entirely free from 
moisture and carbonic acid, which he liquefied in his ap- 
paratus. When he «fpened the faucet, the liquid air dropped 
out like a perfumed liquor oat of a still. Following up 
this experiment, liquid air could be rendered solid so as to 
appear iu solid lumps. This solid air is certainly one of 
the greatest achievements of modern chemistry, and the 
31st of December, 1877, will always be a remarkable date 
in the history of science. 



Art, Music and Literature. 

— ^Father Secchi’s work on the “ Sun,” translated by Prof. 
Proctor, is announced by the Longmans. 

— ^An International Exhibition is to be held at Milan in 
1879, under the auspices of King Humbert. 

— A statue of Marcus Aurelius, in wonderfully-beautiful 
armor adorned with reliefs, has been found at Olympia. 

— The second volume of the new edition of Green’s 
“ History of the English People ” will be issued this month. 

— ^The Dutch Government has ordered the erection of 
statues representing the different attires worn by the peas- 
ants of the country. 

— ^The German pictures to be sent to the Paris Exhibi- 
tion will number about 200 and will include some from 
the Emperor’s collections. 

— ^The fa9ade of the Cathedral of St. Mark’s at Venice 
has been set up in miniature to adorn tbe Italian depart- 
ment in the Paris Exhibition. 

— A. German art-critic of high authority has pronounced 
against the genuineness of the “ Cupid” at the South 
Kensington Museum, which has been regarded as the work 
of Michael Angelo. 

■ — A copy of the “Book of the Dead,” which bears the 
name of a princess named Nedjem, mother of Herhor the 
high priest of Ammon, has been added to the Egyptian 
museum of the Louvre. 

— ^Russia and Siberia furnish the scenes of the new 
volume of Mr. Longfellow’s “Poems of Places,” which 
will be continued to cover Syria. Persia, (and other parts 
of Asia), Africa, and lastly America. 

— “The Speaking Telephone and Other Electrical 
Novelties ” is the title of a new work by George B. Prescott, 
author of “Electricity and the Electric Telegraph,” which 
will shortly be issued in one volume. 

— P. J. Kennedy, who has recently purchased the stereo- 
type plates of the old house of Dunigan & Bro., is prepar- 
ing new editions of most of the books, many of which have 
been out of the market for a long while. 

— Switzerland has fifty Catholic journals, Austro-Hungary 
has ninety, Belgium one hundred and seventeen, which is 
more than any other country. In Italy, France, and 
Spain the Catholic periodicals are sadly in need of funds. 

— The Louvre has been enriched by casts of all the prin- 
cipal sculptures obtained at Olympia. By their help the 
remains discovered by the Morea scientific expedition in 
1829, already in the Louvre, receive valuable aid toward 

— J. A. BIcGee has issued in book form the “ Zozimus 
Papers, a Series of Comic and Sentimental Stories and 
Legends as told by Michael Moran, the Blind Story-teller 
of Dublin.” These papers formerly appeared in McGee's 
Illustrated WeeUy. 

— Mrs. Muloch Crarik has written and edited, for early 
publication, a book which describes, it is said, the incidents 
of a very touching and interesting life. “A Legacy; 
Being the Life and Remains of John Martin, Schoolmaster 
and Poet,” is the title of the book. 

— Of late years quite a passion has grown up in Paris 
for handsome books. Aucienl and rare works are sold for 
fabulous prices, and it is not unusual for a volume to fetch 
1,000 or 2,000 francs. Publishers find a better sale for 
handsome editions than for others. 

— There is talk of holding a literary congress in Paris 
during the forthcoming exhibition. The proposition has 
already been discussed by the Societe des Geus de Lettres, 
and a resolution passed to offer the presidency of the 
embryo association to Victor Hugo. 

—The Boston Transcript says: “The editor of T^ Nine- 
teenth Century must have had a hai-d struggle with him- 
self before deciding to accept Tennyson’s last poem, and 
many admirers of the poet-laureate will regret that the 
demon of the waste-basket did not win a victory.” 

—The French art-critic of the Afhenmum suggests that 
the woolen veil known to have hung in the Temple of 
Olympia was the veil of the Temple of Jerusalem, which 

I was carried off by Antiocbus IV with other spoils of the 
Holy City, and presented to the Olympian sanctuary. 

-yMr. Tennyson is said to be engaged upon a new his- 
torical drama, which will complete the trilogy of dramas 
upon great characters and events in English history which 
the poet laureate originally contempleted, and of which 
two, “ Queen Mary” and “ Harold,” have already appeared. 

— A. new tenor, named Sellier, whom M. Edmond About 
discovered b}"^ accident employed in a cafe, has just made 
his debut in “ William Tell,” at the Paris Grand opera, after 
two years’ study at the Conservatoire. The beauty of his 
voice is said to be extraordinary, but he has still a great 
deal to learn. 

— Although the low admissions to the Paris theatres 
necessitate iheir being subsidized by the State, their gross 
income is subject to the levy of a fixed percentage for the 
poor, and manager after manager fails. A bill has been 
brought into the Chamber to transfer this levy from the 
receipts to the net profits. 

— ^There is shortly to appear in London a work on the 
armies of the powers of Europe, giving particulars of their 
strength and organization, and many interesting details 
regarding famous regiments in the different services, their 
constitution, etc. The book will also include an account 
of the navies of the several powers. 

— ^In tbe “Rathaus” (city-hall) of Osnabruck in Ger- 
many, an old book has been discovered, with the images of 
the ancient Bishops of that city, from the year 722 till 
1607. These images were made with a common goose- 
quill pen, and are ascribed to the court artist in office at 
the last named time (1607). To each drawing is added 
some remarkable scene from the life of the Bishop repre- 
sented, which is explained at the foot of the page. The 
book is said to be of little artistic value, but its historical 
importance cannot be denied. 

— The exhibition of Mr. Raskin’s Turner drawings at 
the Fine-Art Society,"-London, is one of great importance. 
The Academy says that notwithstanding the rare generosity 
with which Mr. Ruskin has given to Oxford and Cam- 
bridge possessions that must have been an immense 
delight to him, he is the owner of a collection of Turners 
which, as a whole, is not to be surpassed in England, save 
by the monumental assemblage of the National Gallery. 
The series of works on exhibition are so arranged as to 
elucidate the progress of Turner in his art, through the 
different stages that mark its course. 

— ^There were in the West, from the most ancient Chris- 
tian times, a great number of various Latin translations of 
the Bible. Among these the so-called “ Itala ” was the most 
generally received version, which in its time enjoyed the 
same sanction of the Church that was afterwards accorded 
to the official Vulgate edition. The multiplication of its 
text by careless, or incompetent, or malicious scribes led, 
however, to many arbitrary and incorrect changes, which 
induced Pope Damasus, about the year 382, to have it 
carefully revised by St. Jerome, the most learned Doctor 
and the most classical scholar of his age. The result of 
his labors was the so-called “ Vulgata,” which, though not 
unfrequently impaired by copyists accustomed to the Itala, 
came down, however, substantially the same to the time of 
Clement VIII, who had it revised and republished at Rome 
in 1592. This edition is the officially recognized edition 
of the Bible. 

— ^The little daughter of a leading physician in a certain 
country town presented the following as her first school 
essay: “There was a little girl, and she was very sick. 
They sent for my papa, and she died very quick.” 

— “ It was simply an informal affair,” wrote the editor of 
a little strawberry party at a neighbor’s house. “ It was 
simply an infernal affair,” read the compositor, and that 
editor will never get any more invitations from that quarter. 

— Professor Dana, one of the foremost of living geologists, 
packs a whole volume of argument into two sentences, in 
holding that if the first chapter of Genesis is proved to be 
the right natural account of creation, then it must have 
been written by inspiration. “Examining it as a geol- 
ogist,” adds Professor Dana, “I find it to be in perfect ac- 
cord with known science, therefore as a Christian I assert 
that the Bible narrative must be inspired.” 

604 ' 


Wota*e l>£LirLe, 6, 1S7S. 

The attention of the Alumni of the University of ITotre Dame 
Ind., and of others, is called to the fact that the JSOTRE DAME 
SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the eleventh year of its 
enstence, greatly improved, and with a larger circulation than 
at the commencement of any former year. 

choice Poetry, Essays, and the current Art, Musical and Liter- 
ary Gossip of the day. 

Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects con- 
nected with the University of Notre Dame. 

Personal Gossip concerning the whereabouts and the success 
of former students. 

All the weekly local news of the University, including the 
names of those who have distinguished themselves during the 
week by their excellence in class and by their general good 

A weekly digest of the news at St. Mary’s Academy, Notre 
Dame, Ind. 

Students should take it ; parents should take it ; and, above 

Old Students should take it. 

Terms* $1.50 Ter Jknniim, X*ostrpa,ld.. 


Notre Dame, Indiana. 

Pope Leo XIII and th.e “Ave Maria.” 

On the 1st of May, 18G5, the publication of the Ave 
Maria v?as commenced by Very Eev. Father Sorin, with 
the approval and encouragement of a few friends, prom- 
inent among whom were the late Eight Eev. Bishop 
Luers of Fort Wayne, Bishop Young of Erie, and Bishop 
Timon of Buffalo. These saintly men were. warm in their 
approval of the enterprise, but business men and Catholics 
generally were not at all sanguine of its success. Many de- 
cidedly well-edited publications, both weekly and monthly, 
had been started from time to time, under favorable 
auspices, hut failed for want of support; and some who 
had been consulted by Father Sorin in regard to bis un- 
dertaking augured for it a like fate. Some even said that 
its very title of “Ace Maria'*'' would insure its failure; 
devotion to the Blessed Virgin was not nearly so well 
understood as it should be even by Catholics, and among 
non-Catholics the prejudice against it was so great that 
Catholics would be deterred from patronizing the pro- 
posed publication. Very Eev. Father Sorin was told that 
he would get no more than a few subscribers for it, and 
these out of pergonal consideration to himself. Never- 
theless, in his ardent devotion to the Holy Mother of Cod, 
and the desire to see her better known and honored, he 
resolved upon the venture, cost what it might, for he had 
placed all his undertakings hUherto under the patronage 
of the Blessed Virgin and had never cause to regret doing 
so. Therefore a motive of gratitude supervened, in addi- 
tion to his filial devotion, to decide him in the present case. 

We have seen the result. The Ave Maria has been 
productive of a measure of good in the special field marked 
out for it We know not how long it may please God 
to prolong its mission, but in any case we believe Very 
Eev. Father Sorin has had cause to rejoice in the prosecu- 
tion of his enterprise. It has succeeded, if not so well as 
might be expected considering the number of our Catholic 

population, at least as well as the majority of our Catholic 
periodicals. Within a few months it had received, together 
with the encouragement of Et. Eev. Bishops Timon, Young 
\ and Luers, the approbation of several other members of 
j the Hierarchy, many of whom, as they stated, bad pur- 
5 posely kept aloofi until proof had been given that it was 
worthy of its mission. In September of the year following, 
the Holy Father, Pope Pius IX, himself deigned a Latin 
letter of approbation and encouragement, written with his 
own hand, a fac-simile of which we see in the Ave Maria 
from time to time. It reads as follows: 

Die 10. Septembris, 1866. 

Rebus hisce stantibus, et dummodo ad majorem Dei gloriam, 
et B. M. Firginis omnia sint directa, Benedicimus opus incoep- 
turn et omnes cooperatores, et Dominus N. J. C. opus perficiat 
solidetque. Pius PP. IX. 


“ These things being so, and provided that all be directed to 
the honor and glory of God and of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we 
bless the undertaking and all the co-operators thereunto, and 
may our Lord Jesus Christ perfect and strengthen the work.” 

Such was the blessing of Pius the Ninth. 

Very Eev. E. Sorin, now Superior General of the Congrega- 
tion of the Holy Cross, writing from Borne, says that on the 
6th of March he was admitted at the Vatican to a private 
audience with the Holy Father, Pope Leo XIII. He had 
with him a copy of the Ave Maria iu which was published 
the approbation or rather the special blessing of the saintly 
Pio Nono. Towards the end of the audience, Father Sorin 
said : “ Most Holy Father, one more blessing I desire : for 
this Journal, devoted to the Mother of God, which I began 
in the New World thirteen years ago ; and which, with the 
blessing of your saintly predecessor, has prospered greatly, 
counting as it does 10,000 subscribers.” The Holy Father 
took it very kindly from his hands, and fixing his eyes at- 
tentively upon the autograph, be read aloud the six lines 
so familiar wherever the Ave Maria is known. “Ah!” 
said the Holy Father, “this is precious, and deserving at- 
tention. It delights me to know of such a Journal of our 
Blessed Mother in your great and beautiful America. Now 
listen well to what I have to say : you will write immedi- 
ately, on my part, to the editor of your Ave Maria, direct- 
ing him to place your communication at the beginning of 
the first page in the next number, and say to him that J 
Ness Mm loith an especvA blessing, and all the contributors and 
other persons engaged in its publication and propagation. I 
renew every tvord of this exceptional blessing. Indeed, I wish 
with all ray heart to see the Ave Maria more than ever 
prosperous and extending its usefulness over the country. 
Now that every land is deluged with wicked papers, can 
we ever sufficiently encourage the religious and sound 
press? Certainly, the Ave Maria deserves encouragement; 
May God bless it!’* 

While speaking. His Holiness looked at Father Sorin with - 
great benevolence, and he and his companions retired from 
the Pope’s apartments perfectly delighted. The Pope re- 
ceives all his visitors standing with them ; and he loves Amer- 
ica as much as did his saintly predecessor. Father Sorin 
begged a particular blessing for our good Bishop of Fort 
Wayne and another for our venerable Archbishop. “ Ah ! ” 
said His Holiness, “you mean Archbishop Purcell; I 
know him. I now charge you,” he added, “ to write to both, 
and say to them that I send them with joy the Apostolic 
Blessing — to them and to their Dioceses. Indeed,” added 
His Holiness, “I bless from my heart all the Bishops of 
the New World ; and when you return, give yourself that 
blessing to your community and friends.” 



A Letter from St. Joseph’s College, Memram- 
eook, N. B. 

Dear Scholastic : — Five years ago you and I cele- 
brated Erin’s Festival together here in Memramcook. Do 
you remember the day and its associations? At that time 
you and I, each in our own sphere, did what we could to 
honor Erin and her Apostle, and (so people told us, didn’t 
they?) succeeded. Time has wrought many changes here 
since then, old friend : others have filled the places by us 
left vacant, and they, in their turn, true to the old tradi- 
tions, do their utmost to make St. Patrick’s Day the day at 
St. Joseph’s College. And like us, dear Schol.\stic, they 
succeed — succeed better than we did. (“ Honor to whom 
honor is due,” you know.) Hot that they are smarter 
than we were (of course not) ; but they have more of the 
elements of success at their disposal, and, as a conse- 
quence, they have not to cope with the difficulties which 
we had to encounter. What with a grand exhibition-hall, a 
spacious stage, fine scenery, lots of talent, and a genuine 
leader (your friend, Eev. R L. Walsh) at their head, the 
present Irish students of St. Joseph’s possess every facility 
for celebrating St. Patrick’s Day with a heartiness and an 
edal worthy of the blood which runs in their veins. 

As you know, the 17th of March fell on the 20th this 
year (little Jimmy Tucker believes so at any rate); and it 
was on the 20th that Mother Erin awakened her children 
here from their slumbers, and bade them be up and doing 
for it was “Patrick’s Day” — her own fOle-day, the only 
one she enjoys during the- long,- long year. Poor Erin! 
mother of my heart, how eagerly did we obey the sum- 
mons when we heard your “Rise, acusJda," aud how joy- 
fully did we hasten to comfort your old heart by honoring 
your Regenerator and contributing to the praise-offering 
which your children, the world over, yearly pour into your 
lap as their annual tribute to St. Patrick. We knew that 
by doing so we would make, you glad; for, Erin, be our 
faults what they may, you will be always proud of us as 
long as we continue to honor your sainted Patron. 

Like true Irishmen, our first act in the day’s celebration 
was one of faith. We went to Mass, and in God’s temple we 
offered in St. Patrick’s honor the Sacrifice of the Religion 
he preached to us. And there was there one of Ireland’s 
truest sons to preach the panegyric of the great Saint. Rev. 
W. J. Foley, a gifted preacher, told us the tale of St. Pat- 
rick’s life, of his labors for Ireland, of his zeal for the salva- 
tion of souls, and of the heroic sacrifices he made that the 
object of his mission might be accomplished. 

As we listened to the eloquent priest, we were more 
than ever convinced of the greatness of St. Patrick’s merit 
to be honored by Ireland, and of his right to the gratitude 
of every son of the isle he converted. At the conclusion of 
the Mass which, cn passant, was celebrated by Rev Father 
McGill, C. S. C., with Rev. Father Roy, C. S. C., and Rev. E. 
L. Walsh, C. S. C., as deacon and subdeacon respectively, we 
retired from the church and spent the afternoon in the en- 
joyment of our holiday and in expectation of the musical and 
dramatic entertainment to be given in the evening by the 
gentlemen of St. Patrick’s Academy, kindly assisted by the 
members of the Academie St. J ean Baptiste. 

The evening came and with it the promised Seance. 
Quite a large audience assembled in the exhibition hall of 
the college to enjoy the treat prepared for them by the acad- 
emicians. At 7)4 o’clock the Yery Rev. Superior, Father 
Lefebvre, C. S. 6., accompanied by the members of the 

Faculty and invited guests, entered the halL As the cur- 
tain rose the College Band played the“Marianim Quick- 
step,” after which Mr. Prank Bradley stepped forward and 
pronounced the “Opening Address,” in which he an- 
nounced the programme of the evening’s entertainment 
and solicited the indulgence of the audience in favor of 
those of his companions who might, during the evening, 
appear before them, whether in song, discourse, declama- 
tion or drama. 

I enclose you, dear Scholastic, a copy of the pro- 
gramme, which, however, I do not ask you to publish lest 
my letter would occupy too much space; but you may 
read it over in private yourself and judge of its merits. 
Of course it would have been better had I managed to 
make my letter shorter and thus enable you to insert the 
programme (the boys, you know, like to see their names in 
print) ; but really it is so long since I’ve had a chat with 
you and it may be so long before I’ll have another that I 
cannot help monopolizing. 

However, I cannot refrain from putting in a good word 
(edgewise) in praise of Messrs. Owens, Bartley, Bradley and 
Brawley (I hope the others won’t be jealous) for their ren- 
dition of the various characters they assumed in the drama 
— ^“Look before you leap,” and in the farce, “Cherry 
Bounce.” By doing so, I give pleasure to myself and a 
merited distinction to them, and thus “kill two shtones 
wid the one bird,” as “ Teddy McGoogins ” did in “Cherry 

And now, dear Scholastic, before concluding, a word 
or two. What a pity it is that St. Patrick’s Day is so much 
like Christmas in its coming “ but once a year ” ! How sad 
that Ireland has but one day in which she can, with all the 
grace of Atlantic’s fairest daughter, array herself in her 
festive robes and publicly receive the homage of a world 
of hearts! Do you not regret that we cannot more fre- 
quently see our own Erin in her gala dress of shamrocks 
with her emeralds flashing in her hair and on her bosom ? 
— a queen as regal as ever queen that wielded sceptre and 
wore a crown. Aye, and more so too! and, though her 
shamrock-robe is faded now aud the emerald’s lustre 
dimmed, her throne o’erturned and her sceptre gone, she is 
still our queen and rules our hearts, rules them with a sway 
great as the power which has tried to crush her. It could 
not be otherwise ; for we have to compensate our Mother 
Erin with a load of love and loyalty for the infidelity of 
her faithless son, Dermott— our traitor brother— from whose 
crime she is still suffering, and whose memory she curses 
not, though she cannot bless. 

With this reflection, dear Scholastic, I will say good- 
bye. I have told you all I had to tell. If I have kept you 
too long, pardon me. Believe me, etc., 

Patrick Shamrock. 


— O. W. Lindberg, of ’76, is doing well in Pointe Conpee, 

— ^Mrs. Rhodius and Mrs. Hugg, of Indianapolis, Ind., 
were among the visitors at the beginning of the week. 

— We were honored with a visit on the 2d by Rev. 
./Egidius Hennemann, O. S. B., and Mr. Krost, of Crown 
Point, Ind. 

— Jacob F. Rehm (Commercial), of ’68, is with the firm 
of E. S. Dreyer & Co., real estate brokers, 98 Dearborn St, 
Chicago, 111. 

— C. W. Swenk (Commercial), of ’69, visited Hotre 



Dame on the 1st of April. Mr. Swenk is at present con- 
nected with the Chicago Times. 

— Mr. John Cooney, of Cleveland, Ohio, was one of our 
visitors last "Wednesday. Mr. Cooney was here some 
twenty years ago, and now finds the place greatly changed. 

— Rev. Thomas Vagnier, for the past seven months as- 
sisting Rev. D. J. Spillard at Austin, Texas, arrived at No- 
tre Dame on the 1st. Rather Vagnier intends remaining 

— Charles "W. Hodgson (Commercial), of ’72, is to he 
married on the lOlh of this month to Miss Alice M. 
Wliitfield. Mr. Hodgson lives at Clarksville, Tenn., and 
is doing well. 

— ^We are sorry to announce that Rev. W. F. O’Mahony 
has been quite ill for the past few weeks. We are at the 
same time pleased to be able to say that he is now happily 
out of danger. 

— S. E. Folan, who was connected with the College faculty 
here in 1874, is now we hear Secretary of the Legation at 
Alexandria, Egypt. He was for a time after leaving here 
acting in the same capacity at Constantinople. 

— ^Prof. William Ivers will be a candidate for council- 
man from the Fourth ward. If both sides nominate men 
for the place having Mr. Ivers’ capability, and acquaintance 
with local aflTairs, whichever proves successful no dis- 
credit will be done to the office. — South Bend Tribune. 

— ^From a letter to Rev. Father Neyron we understand 
that Prof. James E. Mclntire, who was connected with the 
College here in ’67, is now residing in Pennsylvania, on 
his farm. He is married and doing well, and promises to 
visit Notre Dame shortly. His post-office address is Box 
661, Emmittsburg, Md. 

— The B'orthvxstern Chronicle, after quoting from the 
Catholic Columbian the item about Rev. L. Neyron pub- 
lished in last week’s Scholastic, says: — “We remember 
Father Neyron nearly thirty years ago making a long and 
tiresome journey to a stranger’s house in Kentucky, where 
some dozen doctors were quarrelling over a broken leg, 
one half saying it was broken, the other that it was out of 
joint, and while the quarrel went on they were pulling that 
leg every day— or in other words they were murdering the 
patient. They meant it all right, but they were mistaken. 
The moment Father Neyron saw and touched the limb he 
solved the trouble — the thigh socket bone was broken 
He relieved the sufiiering patient and went his way. The 
wife of the gentleman pressed upon him a sum of money, 
when he took his leave — but ecery ceiit of it was returned 
next day. He would receive no remuneration whatever.” 

Local Items. 

—Holy Week will soon be here. 

—The monthly Bulletins were made out last Wednesday. 

— ^It seems to Turkey like the day after Thanksgiving. 

—Every one should provide himself with a Holy Week 

— There were quite a number of tricks played here on 
All-Fool’s day. 

— Quite a number of students go fishing every week. 
Luck, only so-so. 

— Classes go on with the usual regularity, and most of 
the students are doing good work. 

— A new collection of bno’iis has been placed on the 
shelves of the Scholasticate library. 

— ^Already the small boy has begun to count the days 
between this and Commencement-Day. 

— In spite of the fine spring weather which as a rule is 
with us, we occasionally have a little snow-storm. 

— ^Work on the imitation of the Grotto of Lourdes, just 
to the northwest of the new church, has commenced. 

— On Wednesday last the Atlantics beat a nine picked 
from the Actives and Eclectics by a score of 14 to 10. 

—We understand that the St. Cecilians will plant an 
evergreen tree over Rev, Father Patrick Dillon’s grave in 
a few weeks. 

— The Dubuque Serald of the 25th contained a very 
complimentary notice of the Columbian celebration of St. 
Patricks’ Day at Notre Dame. 

— ^Vespers to-morrow are from the Common of Confessors 
not Bishops, page 50 of the Vesperal. In the morning 
Missa Paivulorum will be sung. 

— ^There is considerable work done by the members of 
the Drawing Class. We notice one pupil is at work on a 
portrait of "7ery Rev. President Corby. 

— The 25th regular meeting of the St. Stanislaus Philo- 
patrian Society was held on the 2d inst., when the reports 
of the various officers were handed in and accepted. 

— The rain interfered with the game of baseball played 
by the Philosophers and the Mutuals on the 3d. At the 
end of the 5lh inning the score stood 23 to 8 in favor of the 

— ^The various religious societies are in a more flourishing 
condition than in any year since the founding of Notre 
Dame. This speaks volumes in praise of the students of 
this year. 

— Quite a number of people at Notre Dame were surprised 
on All-Fools’ day to find tigers, lions, bears, buffaloes, 
wolves, and foxes (all stuffed of course) in their rooms in 
the morning. 

— At the last meeting of the Columbian Club, the 
“ Light Brigade ” was given in concert by all the members. 
It was, being of a martial character, of the foHiter in re 
style of declamation. 

— At the end of the 6th inning the score in the game of 
baseball between the Excelsior and the Enterprise clubs 
stood 16 to 8 in favor of the latter club. The rain pre- 
vented the nine innings. 

— ^Why is it that when a match game is played there 
must always be some boys to lie around the outskirts of 
the grounds amusing themselves and annoying those wit- 
nessing the game by playing pitch and catch ? 

—The regular meeting of the Sodality of the B. V. M. 
was held Wednesday evening last. Mr. Charles Brehmer 
read a “Life of St. Gregory the Great,” and Mr. Healey 
gave an “ Account of the Scapular.’’ Sir. R. Johnson was 

— We learn that a contract has been (or is intended to 
be) entered into by which a party binds himself to plant 
over five hundred forest trees about the walks on the 
Campus, along the avenue leading to the College, and 
other places. 

— We have learned from Sir. J. SI.,Veasev that the value 
of the museum purchased from him by Notre Dame, and 
described iu a Tate issue of this paper, is §10,000. The 
Notre Dame Schol.astic makes it §7,500, a very low 
estimate. — South Bend Tribune. 

— The 26th regular meeting of the St. Cecilia Philo- 
mathean Association was held Slarch 31st. Essays were 
read by Slessrs. G. Cochrane and G. Cassidy. Declama- 
tions were delivered by Messrs. R. P. Slayer, L. J. Baker, 
J. Perea, T. F. SIcGrath, T. Nelson, and F. Cavanaugh. 

-^The 25th regular meeting of the Columbian Literary 
and Debating Club was held Slarch 30th. Essays were 
read by Slessrs. S. Spalding and F. Luther. Declamations 
were delivered by Messrs. J. Fitzgerald, A. J. Hettinger, 
and P. J. Dougherty. A select reading was given by Mr. 
SI. Bannon. 

— On Thursday last a telephone was attached to the 
telegraph wires at Notre Dame connecting with South 
Bend. Conversation was freely carried on, and music 
played at Notre Dame was distinctly heard at South Bend. 
In the evening a concert was given iu the telegraph-office 
and the music was listened to by a large audience of ladies 
and gentlemen. 

— Y ery Rev. Father Sorin sent the Slinims, from Rome, 
a picture of Pius IX, taken when dead and lying in stale. 
It was “for the best Minim”; but as there are a number 
of good boys in the department it was decided to let them 
draw. Slaster A. Coghlin was the fortunate winner. He 
returns sincere thanks to Very Rev. Father General for 
his kind remembrance. 

— At the meeting of the Archconfraternity of the Blessed 



Virgin Mary, held last Sunday, Mr. Shugrue gave an 
account of “The Foundation of the Benedictine Order”; 
Mr. McConlogue explained and defended “The Catholic 
Doctrine of Purgatory,” and Mr. P. J. Hagan gave a 
“Sketch of the L’fe of St. John Heponiucene.” Tne ten- 
minutes’ instruction was given by Rev. T. E. Walsh. 

—The 28th regular meeting of the Holy Guardian 
Angels was held Sunday, March 31st. A vote of thanks 
was given to Very Rev. Father Corby for his kindness in 
granting the Society a recreation day. Masters McDevitt 
and Coghlin were appointed Censors, and Master Rhodius 
Secretary. The President then explained why that Sunday 
was called La3tare Sunday. Questions were given to 
Masters Rhodius, McDevitt and Coghlin. 

— The singing in the various religious societies has done 
much towards adding to the interest of the meeting. The 
new departure in the way of having questions answered 
has also done a great deal in the way of making the meet- 
ing instructive and entertaining. We are sure that if 
pastors of churches were to attend a meeting of either of 
our Archconfraternities, they would form their young 
men’s societies after them. 

— The Greeks organized a baseball club this session, and 
have put as strong a nine in the field as could be expected. 
They are confident of winning the championship. The 
following are the officers: Bro. Theodore, Director; Mr. 
H. Stoffel, Manager; H. Maguire, President; M. Regan, 
Secretary; L. Evers, Treasurer. The nine plays only on 
special occasions. The positions are as follows: Thucy- 
dides Evers, Catcher and Captain; Achilles Maguire, P.; 
triissus Ewing, S. S.; Aristides McHugh, 1st B. ; Demos- 
thenes Claggett, 2d B.; Xenophon Regan, 3d B.; Apo- 
lastos Cooney, L. F.; Agamemnon Hertzog, C. F.; 
Themistocles Kinney, R. F. latrotechnes O’Grady' was 
unanimously elected surgeon. At meetings or while play- 
ing a game the Greek language is used exclusively, so says 
Anoetos Authesierion. 

— ^Very Rev. Father General enclosed a photograph of 
Pope Leo XIII in his last letter from Rome, requesting tliat 
it be given to the best Junior. Br. Leander, not being pre- 
pared to decide who was the best, had the Juniors them- 
selves decide it by voting for the one of their number they 
considered best. The prefects all seemed pleased with the 
result, and say they believe the boys voted conscientiously, 
G. Cassidy, of Equality, 111., received the higest number 
of votes and was awarded the prize. The following are 
the names of the other boys that received votes : W. J. Mc- 
Carthy, of Boonville, Mo.; J. Matthews, of Kenosha, Wis. ; 
K. L. Scanlan, of Chicago, III. ; F. Cavanaugh, of Dubuque, 
Iowa; F. Bloom, of Vincennes, Ind.; G. Cocrane, of Chi- 
cago, 111.; F. Pleins, of Dubuque, Iowa; G. Sugg, of Chi- 
cago, 111.; R. Mayer, of Cleveland, Ohio; T. Nelson, of 
Chicago, III.; J. L. Healy, of Elgin, 111.; J. G. Baker, of 
Fort Wayne, Ind. ; W. Rietz, of Chicago, III. ; A. J. Bur- 
ger, of Reading, Pa. 

— Considerable curiosity was excited last Tuesday by 
the trapsfer of museum specimens — ten wagon loads in all 
— from the Michigan Southern depot to Notre Dame 
University. The collection, as we have since learned, 
embraced the entire extensive museum of a former resident 
of this city, Mr. J. M. Veasey, who during his stay in 
Colorado spent several years in collecting minerals and 
animals peculiar to the southern Rocky Mountain range. 
The collection is especially rich in Colorado minerals, 
fossils, petrifactions, birds and mammals. Among the 
animals that attracted the most attention may be mentioned 
five buffaloes, from the young calf two days old, to the full- 
grown buffalo bull; three artistically mounted Rocky 
Mountain lions, one of which is unusually large ; a group of 
grizzly bears, embracing a large she-bear with two cubs 
devouring a deer; several Rocky Mountain sheep, from 
the lamb to the largest sized buck; a number of deer, 
black-tailed and white-tailed, and fawns; three antelopes; 
a large Bengal tiger, a cinnamon bear; one of those very 
rare animals, the black-footed ferret ; a very large life-like 
grey wolf. Besides the animals just mentioned there is a 
large number of foxes, wild-cats, beavers, coati, lynxes, 
porcupines, and all the smaller animals found in the 
Rocky jilountain section. Among the birds, of which 

there are several hundred, and nearly all from Colorado, 
we noticed a very large pelican, the largest one we ever 
saw, pairs of pin-tailed and dusky grouse, sage hens, 
herons, eagles, etc., also curlews, wateroussls, and avocets ; 
a very fine and rare glossy ibis ; a beautiful lyre-bird, from 
Australia; an apteryx, a bird of the ostrich family, without 
tail or wings, from New Zealand, and several trios of 
ptarmigans, birds remarkable for having a pure white 
plumage in winter and a spotted, ash-colored plumage dur- 
ing the remainder of the year. Some of the fossils in the 
collection are remarkably large and well preserved. Our 
attention was called to a large baculite over two feet in 
length, several fine orthoceratites and trilobites, which 
show perfectly the form and structure of these singular 
animals of bygone ages. The collection of minerals is one 
of the richest and best selected ever brought from the 
West, and well illustrates the great mineral resources of 
Colorado. The gold and silver ores are rich and beautiful, 
while the lead, iron, copper and manganese ores are 
scarcely less attractive. The crystals of pellucid and 
smoky quartz, some of which are nearly a foot long and 
perfectly formed, amethyst, the different varieties of calcite, 
selenite, garnet, tourmaline, felspar, amazon stone, flour- 
spar, etc., are remarkably beautiful and would compare 
favorably with those of any other collection in the country. 
The petrifactions from Bijou Basin and other localities are 
even more varied and attractive than any other part of the 
collection. The specimens of opalized, agatized and jasper 
wood are particularly pure and clear, while the specimens 
of petrified palm, cedar and other woods are so perfect as 
to exhibit distinctly the smallest cells and fibres. Among 
the petrifactions are specimens from small polished pieces 
a few inches square to a large stump upwards of three 
hundred pounds in weight. We noticed also a number of 
beautiful agates of various kinds, geodes, carnelians, 
dendrites, and a specimen of chalcedony in the form of a 
stalactite, which alone is valued at §100. The addition of 
this large collection of Mr. Veasey’s will make the already 
extensive museum of Notre Dame one of the largest and 
most interesting in the West. In securing this collection 
Notre Dame has shown her enterprise, as in other things, 
and her knowledge of the wants of the present generation 
— the facilities for acquiring a thorough scientific educa- 
tion. Very Rev. President Corby, the energetic President 
of the University, conscious of the demands of the age, has 
spared no pains nor expense to make the scientific depart- 
ment of Notre Dame equal to all the wants of her numer- 
ous students, and to this, as well as his great experience 
and success as an educator, do we attribute the large 
attendance — larger than for several years past — at the 
College this year. Seconded by Rev. J. A. Zahm, curator 
of the museum, who is an enthusiast in his work, and who 
for several years past has devoted all his energy to the 
development of his department, and Mr. A. Kirsch, assist- 
ant curator, also ardently devoted to the cause of science, 
we can, without being a prophet, foretell, that the scien- 
tific department of Notre Dame will at no distant future 
be recognized as one of the centres of science in our 
country . — South Bend Tribune. 

— ^The following anecdote of Pius IX, although perfectly 
true, is not in general circulation. Shortly after his elec- 
tion to the Papacy, and when Antonelli held his first office 
under him, that of Finance Minister, the Romans, meeting 
their Pontiff in the street, complained to him of the tax on 
salt. The tax was a monopoly farmed by one of the specu- 
lators who thrived in earlier days. Pio Nono sent for the 
speculator. “ I suppose that salt tax is very valuable to 
you,” said he. The speculator trembled, fearing the price 
of the monopoly was about to be raised, protested that it 
was a dead loss. “ How much would compensate you for 
being relieved of your loss?” asked his Holiness. The 
salt-tax farmer named a ridicnlously low sum. “Then,” 
said the Pope, “ you shall have the money ” ; and, calling 
for Antonelli, ordered him to pay it. The rogue of a specu- 
lator refused ; but on being informed by the Pope that he 
would publish the fact that he had offered him his own 
price for the monopoly, at last took the money, and went 
away a sadder, a wiser, and, prospectively, a more honest 
man. The day afterwards the salt-tax was abolished. 



Boll of Honor. 

[The following: are the names of those students who dur- 
ing the past week have by their exemplary conduct given sat. 
isfaction to all the members of the Faculty.] 


E. F. Arnold, "W. H. Arnold, M. W. Bannon, T. Barrett, j. E- 
Cooney, J. J. Coleman, A. Congar, W. L. Dechant, E. C. Davcn" 
port, E. Dempsey, F. J. Dougherty, A. Dorion, C. K. De Vries> 
J . 6. Ewing, F. C. Ewing, L. J. Evers, J. English, J. J. Fitzger- 
ald, E. Gramling, F. Heilman, J. J. Houck, J. 8. Hoffman, F. J- 
Hoffman, M. Hogan, A. J. Hertzog, A. Hettinger, O. J. Hamil- 
ton, F. Keller, J. Kelly, J. Kotz, F. Krost, P. W. Mattimore, W- 
Murphy, J. E. Montgomery, C. F. Mueller, E. Maley, V. F. Mc- 
Kinnon, H. C. Maguire, J. P. McHugh, M. McCue, J. J. McEniry, 
P. F. McCullough, J. H. McConlogue, F. McMullen, H. \V- 
Nevans, T. F. O’Grady, R. Price, J. J. Quinn, J. P. Quinn, M. J- 
Regan, E.W. Robinson, J. Rothert, J.Rice, J. Rabbitt, J. Rogers, 
A. A Shmidt, T. 8. Summers, 8. T. Spalding, J. Smith, J. 8. 
Sheridan, F. Williams, F. J. Walter. 


J. F. Arentz, R M. Anderson, J. M. Byrne, J. G. Baker, F. W. 
Bloom, M. H. Bannon, J. A. Burger, J. B. Berteling, C. J. 
Brinkman, A. J. Bushey, G. H. Crawford, H. E. Canoll, T. F. 
Clarke, F. E. Carroll, C. E. Cavanagh, G. P. Cassidy, F. W. Cav- 
anaugh, G. H. Cochrane, D. 8. Coddington, G. H. Donnelly, W. 
P. Doyle, R. French, J. a 1 Gibbons, H. A. Gramling, J. L. Healey, 
G. J. Ittenbach, P. P. Nelson, W. J. Jones, R. E. Keenan, J. R. 
Kelly, J. A. Lumley, J. R. Lawton, R. P. Mayer, J. T. Matthews, 
C. A. McKinnon, H. J. Newmark, L. H. Garceau, T. E. Nelson, 

F. T. Pleins, R. C. Pleins, 8. 8. Perley, E. J. Pennington, A. 
Rietz, W. Rietz, K. L. Scanlan, J. M. Scanlan, J. K. Schoby, 

G. E. Sugg, F. W. Singler, W. Stang, C. Van Mourick, W. A. 
Widdicombe, C. F. Walsh. 


A. Coghlin, G. Rhodius, J. A. Seeger, W. Coghlin, W. McDevitt, 
J. Boose, C. McGrath, J. Inderrieden, W. Coolbaugh, J. Court- 
ney, Jos. Courtney, A. Hartrath, F. Gaffuey, R Costello, F. 
Berry, C. Garrick, E. Esmer, H. Snee, C. Herzog, 8. Bushey, C. 
Bushey, Jos. Inderrieden, P. Fitzgerald, T. O'Neill, W. Rhein- 
hardt, T. Barrett, H. Kitz, J. Crowe. 

Class Honors. 

[In the following list are given the names of those who have 
given entire satisfaction in all their classes during the month 



R. P. Mayer, F. Hoffman, A. Hettinger, A. J. Burger, H 
Newmark, C. Brinkman, J. B. Ittenbach, G. Ittenbach, J. Krost, 
L. Home, F, Singler, A. Rietz, A. Ginz, H, Gramling, F. Wal- 
ter, W. Rietz, E. Gramling, I. Chattertcn, W. J. McCarthy, 
W. B. Walker, G. Crawford, W. Ohlman, J. Hafuer, G. Wal- 
ters, E. Dempsey, H. Murphy, M. Burns, T. Nelson, T. F. Mc- 
Grath, J. Smith, 8. Cassard, H. W. Nevans, F. Lang, 8. Welty, 
J. D. McNeills, G. McKinnon, J. Matthews, W. Stang, R. French, 
W. Doyle, W. D. Cannon, A. W. Johnson, A. Keenan, J. Le- 
marie, J. Shngrae, W. A. Widdicombe, R. Keenan, A. Bushey, 
R Price, A. Dorion, W. Arnold, G. Sampson, J. G. Ewing, M. J. 
McCue, J. D. Coleman, J. D, Montgomery, T. Barrett, J. A. 
Burger, F. Cavanaugh, J. Scanlan, T, Fischel, F. Heilman, O. 
8. Mitchell, J. Garrett, J. Gibbons, A, Sievers, K Scanlan, J. 
Rothert, J. P. McHi^h, A K. Schmidt, E. McMahon, B. J. 
Claggett, O. Rettig, 'L Barry, O. J. Hamilton, J. Fitzgerald, T. 
Hale, F. Ewing, C. Cavanagh, J. English, J. Arentz, J. flealy, 
A Hatt, V. McEnnon. 

List of Excellence. 

[The students mentioned in this list are those who have been 
the best in the classes of the course named — according to the 
competitions, which are;held monthly.— Director of Studies.] 
German — h. Horne, G. Ittenbach, W. Rietz, H. Newmark, H. 
W. Nevans, I. Chatterton ; French — W. A. Widdicombe, J. L. 
Lemarie, A Keenan, A. Dorion; Law— J. J. Quinn, M. W. 
Bannon, W. J. Murphy, J. J. Shugrne, E. Arnold, 8. T. Spalding, 
P. Dougherty; Elocution— E. Arnold, P. Hagan, P. Dougherty, 
J. Perea, F. McGrath, W. A. Widdicombe, T. Nelson, C. Hagan, 
G. Donnelly, R. Mayer, A. Congar ; Music— J. Baker, J. Arentz, 
J. A Gibbons, A. Sievers, J. P. McHugh, T. Barry, T. Fischel, T. 
Carroll, .J. Montgomery, O. S. Mitchell, F. Singler; Drawing — 
A K. Schmidt, V. McEnnon. 

The name of J. P. Hafner was accidentally omitted from the 
last of Excellence last week. 

— The address delivered on behalf of the Rosary Society 
on Tuesday was the composition of Miss Hope Russell ; 
that on behalf of the Senior Department that of Miss Mary 

— Mr. Rudolph Rheinboldt, of Cincinnati, sent four 
large beautiful hyacinths to his daughter. Miss Sophia, to 
present to St. Luke’s Studio. The members of the Art 
Department return thanks to the kind donor. 

— ^The reunion of the advanced French classes in Mother 
Superior’s study was very lively this week. The week 
before it had been omitted on account of Mother Superior’s 
absence, as important business connected with other houses 
of the Congregation had called her away. To make up 
for the absence there was a little “surprise feast,” which 
was pronounced very delightful. 

— The celebration of the patronal festival of the 
Assistant Superior and Prefect of Studies was very suc- 
cessful. Very Rev. Father Granger, Very Rev. President 
Corby, Rev. Ftither Walsh, Rev. Father L’Etourneau, and 
Rev. Father Roche, of Notre Dame, and the Rev. Father 
Shortis, Chaplain of St. Mary’s, and his assistant. Rev. 
Father Soulnier, honored the occasion with their presence. 
Professor Lyons and Professor Edwards of the University 
were also present. 

— The subject of the lecture before the St. Cecilians on 
Wednesday evening embraced the following topics: “The 
Ecclesiastical Keys, their Foundation and Progress ” ; “ The 
Ambrosian and Gregorian Chaunts, Modes, etc., etc.,” 
were analyzed and fully explained. The music of Orien- 
tal pagan nations was touched upon; also the peculiarities 
of the Scotch, Irish, Italian, Spanish, French and Swiss 
music; their national dances, and many historical events 
in connection with the whole subject. 

— ^The reading at the usual Sunday evening reunion 
was uncommonly good. “King Robert of Sicily,” by 
Longfellow, as rendered by Annie Cavehor, may be justly 
styled as very good. The grace of expression and perfect 
familiarity with the Frencn language evinced in the read- 
ing of “ Jbevoument d la Science, pur Aupuetin Thierry," by 
Miss Clara Silverthorne, and in that of “ Beaux traits de Pie 
IX, par Leonce de la Ballaye," as presented by Jliss Mc- 
Grath, was very creditable to all concerned, as was also 
tbe German reading. “ Wer Seine Eltern ehrt und liebt dem 
geht es wohl. Die goldene Dose. Each Ghr. v. Schmidt," by 
Adelaide Geiser. “ Absalom,” by N. P. Willis, read by Miss 
Harris, was also very well given. 

KoU of Honor. 



Graduating Class— Misses Genevieve Cooney, Pauline Gay- 
nor, Beatrice Reynolds, Amelia Harris, Elizabeth O’Neill, Mary 
O’Connor, Anastasia Henneberry, Minerva Spier. 

1st Senior Class— Misses Cecilia Boyce, Hope Russell, Brid- 
get Wilson, Emma Lange. 

2d Senior Class— Misses Ellen Keenan, Mary Way, Ellen 
McGrath, Ellen Davis, Elizabeth Keena, Mary Luce, Mary Dan- 
aher, Ellen King, Zoe Papin, Clara Silverthorne, Catharine Bar- 
rett, Mary Casey, Mary Birch. 

3d Senior Class— Misses Emma Shaw, Florence Cregier, 
Lola Otto, Mary Brown, Theda Pleins, Julia Bnrgert, Catharine 
Lloyd, Anna Cavenor, Mary Sullivan, Mary Wagner, Genevieve 
Winston, Catharine Hackett, Aames Brown, Elizabeth Schwass, 
Delia Cavenor, Harriet Buck, Maria Plattenburg, Ellen Galen, 
Elizabeth Walsh, Alice Farrell, Adella Gordon, Mary Winston, 
Alice Morgan, Frances Kingfleld, Adelaide Kirchner, Angela 

1st Prep. Class— Misses Sophia Rheinboldt, Mary Cleary, 
Mary Loeber, Anna McGrath, Adelaide Geiser, Lucy Chilton. 

2d Prep. Class — Misses Mary Mullen, Ellen Kelly, Ellen 
Thomas, Imoseue Richardson, Alice Barnes, Alice Williams, 
Julia Barnes, Mary White, Matilda Whiteside, Julia Kingsbury, 
Mary Lambin. 

Jr. Prep. Class — ^Misses Linda Fox, Mary Hake, Agnes Mc- 





Kinnis, Laura French, Lottie Van Namee, Lula Wood, Ellen 
Hackett, Lorena Ellis, Mary McFadden, Frances Sunderland, 
Mary Lyons. 



1st La.txn Class— Miss Genevieve Cooney. 

2d Latin Class — Misses Clara Silverthorne, Maria Plattcn- 
hurg, Mary Luce. 


1st Class — Misses Ellen McGrath, Clara Silverthorne, Ellen 
Keenan, Bridget Wilson, Hope Russell, Amelia Harris. 

2d Drv. — Misses Mary O’Connor, Genevieve Cooney, Beatrice 
Reynolds, Julia Burgert, Anna McGrath. 

2d Class— Misses Ellen Galen, Adelaide Geiser. 

3d Class— Misses Zoe Papin, Elizabeth Kirchner, Mary|Brown, 
Mary Birch, Martha Wagner, Angela Ewing, Mary Mulligan, 
Julia Butts, Ida Fisk. 

2d Drv. — Misses Fannie Kingfield, Emma Shaw, Mary Dana- 
her, Mary Casey, Linda Fox, Lucy Chilton, Laura French, Mary 


1st Class— Misses Adelaide Geiser, Adelaide Kirchner. 

2d Div. — M isses Sophia Rheinboldt, Mary Usselman, Elizabeth 

2d Class — Misses Elizabeth O’Neill, Anastasia Henneberry, 
Annie Reisinsr, Florence Cregier, Catharine Barrett. 

3d Class — Misses Mary Way, Cecilia Boyce, Mary Lambin. 

2d Div. — Misses Ellen King, Minerva Loeber, Alice Farrell, 
Charlotte Van Namee, Blanche Parrott. 


Graduating Class— Misses Bridget Wilson and Theda 

1st Class — Misses Clara Silverthorne, Elizabeth Kirchner, 
Adelaide Geiser. 

2d Class — Misses Minerva Spier, Amelia Harris, Ellen Galen, 
Ellen Keenan, Elizabeth O’Neill. 

2d Div.— Misses Adella Gordon, Harriet Buck, Mary Ussel- 
man, Anastasia Henneberry, Delia Cavenor. 

3d Class— Misses Louisa Neu, Julia Burgert, Matilda White- 

2d Div.— Misses Alice Farrell, Adella Kirchner, Mary Brown, 
Emma Lange, Anna McGrath. Elizabeth Walsh, Ellen McGrath. 

4th Class— Misses Alice Morgan, Pauline Gaynor, Catharine 
Hackett, Anna Malonej-, Ellen King. 

2d Div.— M isses Mary Winston, Imogens Richardson, Mary 

5th Class— Misses Mary White, Catharine Rlordan, Florence 
Cregier, Catharine Barrett, Louisa Papin, Emma Shaw, Anna 
Cavenor, Matilda Wagner. 

2d Div.— iMisses Laura French, Lola Otto, Mary Cleary, Ellen 
Hackett, Laura Wood, Mary Platteuburg, Cecilia Boyce, Angela 
Ewing, Henrietta Hersey, 

6th Class— Misses Ida Fisk, Sophia Rheinboldt, Louisa 
Schwass, Mary Mulligan, Helena Thomas, Mary Lambin, Mary 
Casey, Mary Loeber, Linda Fox. 

2d Div. — Misses Blanche Parrott, Mary Birch, Mary Hake, 
Ellen Wright, Ellen Kelly, Ellen Mulligan. 

7th Class — Misses Agnes McKinnis, Julia Kingsbury, Lorena 
Ellis, Susan Hamilton, Alice Barnes, Mary Cox. 

Sth Class — .Miss Mary McFadden. 

Harf — Misses Cavenor, Ellen Galen, Lucy Chilton. 

VOCAL department. 

1st Class, 2d Div.— Misses Delia Cavenor tind Elizabeth 

2d Class— Misses Adelaide Kirchner, Annie Reising, Mary 

3d Class— Misses Adella Gordon, Jennie Winston, Agnes 
Brown, Lola Otto, Catharine Hackett, Catharine Riordan. 

2d Div. — Misses Sophia Rheinboldt, Adelaide Geiser, Imo- 
gene Richardson. 

4th Class— Misses Alice Farrell, Annie Woodin, Mary_ Wins- 
ton, Clara Silverthorne, Julia Burgert, Mary Casey, Annie Cav- 

5th Class— Misses Ellen Galen, Angela Ewing, Mary Hake, 
Mary Mulliganj Ada Peak, Mary White, Annie McGrath, Nellie 
McGrath, Nellie Keenan, Henrietta Hersey, Matilda Whiteside. 



1st Class— Misses Harriet Reynolds, Emma Lange, Elizabeth 
Kirchner, Pauline Gaynor. 

3d Class— Misses Matilda Whiteside, Delia Cavenor, Julia Bur- 
gert, Sarah Hambleton, Alice Farrell, Marie Platteuburg, Harriet 
Buck, Adelaide Kirchner. 

4th Class— Misses Laura French, Helena Thomas, Julia Butts, 
Ellen Mulligan. 

5th Class— Misses Lola Otto, Mary Way, Emily Miller, Hope 

Russell, Lucy Chilton, Florence Cregier, Minerva Loeber, Anna 
-Reising, Elizabeth Schwass, Catharine Riordan. 



Misses Ellen Hackett, Frances Kingfield, Julia Kingsbury, 
Angela Ewing, Mary Lambin, Agnes McKinnis, Laura French, 
Lottie Van Namee. 


2d Class— Miss Elizabeth Kirchner. 

3d Class — Misses Ellen Davis, Harriet Reynolds, • Pauline 
Gaynor, Sarah Moran, Mary O’Connor, Minerva Spier, Emma 

4th Class— Miss Matilda Whiteside. 


2d Class— Misses Beatrice Reynolds, Pauline Gaynor, Emma 

3d Class — Misses Ellen Davis, Delia Cavenor. 


1st Class— Misses Louisa Neu, Elizabeth Schwass, Mary Us- 
selman, Mary Winston, Genevieve Winston, Alice Farrell, Mary 
Luce, Bridget Wilson, Minerva Spier. 

2d Div. — Misses Blanche Parrott, Adella Gordon, Catharine 
Barrett, Mary White, Sophia Rheinboldt, Catharine IJoyd, ^en 
Thomas, Ellen Davis. 

2d Class— Miss Harriet Buck. 


Misses Mary Sullivan, Cecilia Boyce, Elizabeth Schwass, 
Blanche Thompson. 


Misses Ellen Keenan, Mary Birch, Emma Shaw, Elizabeth 
Walsh, Alice Farrell, Amelia Miller, Marcia Peak. 

Tablet of Honor. 

For Neatness, Order, Amiability, and Correct Deportment. 


Misses Genevieve Cooney, Anastasia Henneberry, Elizabeth 
O’Neill, Minerva Spier, Mary O’Connor, Anna Reising, Beatrice 
Reynolds, Hope Russell, Mary R. Ewing, Sarah Moran, Cecilia 
Boyce, Bridget Wilson, Ellen McGrath, Clara Silverthorne, 
Blanche Thompson, Mary Way, Elizabeth Kirchner, Mary Luce, 
Mary Danaher, Ellen King, Z >e Papin, Anna Maloney, Catharine 
Riordan, Lola Otto, Mary Brown, Elizabeth Schwass, Ellen 
Galen, Alice Farrell, Adella Gordon, Genevieve and Mary Wins- 
ton, Delia Cavenor, Sophia Rheinboldt, Margaret Hayes, Mary 
Cleary, Henrietta Hersey, Mary Mullen, Ellen Kelly, Alice 
Barnes, Alice Williams 100 par excellence. Misses Amelia Harris, 
Pauline Gaynor, Emma Lange, Ellen Keenan, Elizabeth Keena, 
Catharine Barrett. Emma Shaw, Maria Plattenbnrg, Julia Bnr- 
gert, Catharine Lloyd, Anna Cavenor, Mary Loeber, Julia 
Barnes, Matilda Whiteside. 


Misses Adelaide Kirchner, Frances Kingfield, Annie McGrath, 
Julia Kingsbury, Linda Fox, Mary Hake, Agues MsKinuis, 
Cbarictte Van Namee, Mary Ivers, Alice King, Bridget and 
Teresa Haney, 100 par excellence. Misses Adelaide Geiser, Mary 
Lambin, Ellen Hackett. 

St. Mary’s Academy, 


Under the Sirection of the Sinters of Holy Cross. 

The course of Studies is thorough in the Classical, Academi- 
cal and Preparatory Departments. 

No extra charge for French or German, as those languages 
enter into t he regular coarse of Studies. 

The Musical Departmeut is conducted on the plan of the best 
Conservatories of Europe, by nine teachers in Instrumental and 
two in Vocal Music. 

In the Art Department the same principles which form the 
basis for iustmetion in the great .djt Schools of Europe, are 
embodied in the course of Drawing and Painting. 

Pupils in the Schools of Painting or Music may pursue a 

special course. 

Special terms for two or more members of a family. 
Simplicity of dress enforced by rule. 

For Catalogue, address: 


St. Mary's Academy, Notre Dame F. 0 ., Ind. 


Chicago, E. I. & Pacific. 

. Through trains are run to Leavenworth and Atchison, connecting 
with trams for all points in Kansas and Southern Missouri. This 
is actaowledged by the travelling public to he the 

Grreat Overland. Rente to California. 
Two express trains leave Chicago daily from depot, comer Van 
Buren and Sherman streets, as follows: 

Leave Arrive. 

Omaha, Leavenworth and Atchison Kxpress..lO 00 a.m. 3 45 p.m 

Peru accommodation... 5 00 p.m. 0 35 a.m 

Night Express 10 00 p.m. 6 50 a.m 


Gcn’l Paiss. Agent. General Superintendent. 

Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago 


Time Tal>le, I>eceml>er 3t5, ISTT". 

No. 5. No. 3. NoTl 

Northward Trains. Peraand Chicago & Mail,Ft.'W.,ToI. 

Mich. City Ex. Toledo Ex. and Detroit Ex. 

Lv. Indianapolis 4.35 p. m 

“ Kokomo 7.10 “ 

Ar. Peru 8.10 “ 

Lv. Pera 8.25 p. jr. 

“ Plymouth 10.25 “ 

12.25 p. ai. 
2.42 “ 
3.50 “ 



Comer Kichigan and Washington Sts., 


Ettsburgh, Ft.Wayne & Chicago 


Southward Trains. 

Lv. Indianapolis — 

“ Kokomo 

Ar. Peru 

7.25 A. M. 
9.52 “ 

10.47 “ 

11.10 A. 31. 
1.14 P. 31. 
2.45 “ 

3.30 “ 

No. 4. No. 0 . 

Chicago and Ft. AV. , Toledo 
Mich. City Ex. & Detroit Ex. 

5.30 P. 31. 
2.55 “ 

1.50 “ 

4.10 A. 31. 
1.50 “ 

12.38 “ 

9.10 A. 31. 
6.33 “ 

5.37 “ 

Lv. Peru 1.27 p. 3r. 12.33 a. 3r. 

“ Plymouth 11.24 “ 10.25 P. 3r. 

“ La Porte 10.00 “ 8.50 “ 

“ Michigan City . . 9.10 A. 3I. 8.05 “ 

F. P. Wade, 

G. P. & T. A., Indianapolis. 

V. T. Malott, 

Gen’l Manager, Indianapolis. 


JUNE 24, 1877. 


Cor. Canal and Madison Sts. (West Side). 

On arrival of trains from North and Southwest. 


No. 1, 
Fast Ex. 

Pittsburgh, Leave 11.45 pat. 

Rochester, 12.53 “ 

Alliance, 3.10 a.m. 

Orryille, A46 “ 

Mansfield, 7.00 “ . 

Crestline, Arrive 7.30 “ 

7.35 “ 11.25 “ 

9.00“ 1225 a.m. 

L1.55 “ 2.40 “ 

2 46 a.m. 4.55 “ 

6.30 “ 


6.00 A.M. 


Foniided 1842> Chartered 1844. 

Chicago, Leave 9.10 8.00 a.m. 

Plymouth, 2.46 A.M. 11.25 “ 

Ft. Wayn^ 6 55 “ 2.10 p.m. 

Lima, 8.55 “ 4.05 “ 

Forest, 10.10 “ 5.20 “ 

Crestline, Arrive 1L45 “ 6.55 “ 


Trains Nos. 3 and 6 run Daily. Train No. 1 leaves Pittsburgh 
daily except Saturday. Train No. 4 leaves Chicago daily ex- 
cept Saturday. All others daily except Sunday. 


That runs rhe celebrated Ptoumax Palace Cabs from Chicago to 
Baltimore, 'Washinston City, Philadelphia and New Ycrk without 
change. Throngh tickets for sale at all principal ticket offices at 
the lowest current rates. 

12.05 P.M. 

7.15 P.M. 

4.30 a.m. 

6 05 A.M. 

12.35 “ 

7.44 “ 

5.00 “ 

6.55 “ 

2.30 “ 

9.38 “ 


9.15 “ 

4.05 “ 

11.15 “ 

9.00 “ 

11.20 “ 

6.22 “ 

1.21 AJI. 

11.06 “ 

2.00 P.M. 

7.30 “ 

2.30 “ 

12.15 “ 

3.30 “ 


This Institution, incorporated in 1844, enlarged in 1866, and 
fitted up with all the modern improvements, affords accom- 
modation to five hundred Students. It is situated near the • 
City of South Bend, Indiana, on the Lake Shore and Michigan 
Southern Railroad. The Michigan Central and the Chicago 
and Lake Huron Railroads also pass near the College grounds. 
In the organization of the house everything is provided to se- 
cnre the health and promote the intellectual and moral advance- 
ment of the students. Three distinct courses of study are es- 
tablished: the Classical, the Scientific, and the Commercial, 
Optional courses may also he taken by those students whose 
time is limited. 

The Minim Department. 

This is a separate Department in the Institution at Notre 
Dame, for boys under 13 years of age. 

Thorough and comprehensive instruction in all primary 
branches is imparted. The discipline is parental, and suited to 
children of tender years.. Personal neatness and wardrobe re- 
ceive special attention from the Sisters, who take a tender and 
faithful care of their young charges. 

Full particulars are contained in the Catalogue, which will 
be mailed on application to 

Very Rev. W. Corby, C. S. C., Pres’t., 

Notre Dame, Ind. 

' I* 



L. $. & M. S. Railway. 

On and after Sunday, Sept. 24, 1877, trains will leave South Bend aa 


3 3S B. m., Chicago and St. Louis Express, over Main Line, 
arrives at Toledo 9 50; Cleveland 2 20 p m; Buffalo 8 05 p.m. 

IX 05 a m. Mail, over Main Line, arrives at Toledo, 5 25 pm; 
Cleveland 10 10 p m; Buffalo, lam. 

7 X6 pm. Special New York Express, over Air Line; arrives 
at Cleveland 10 10 p m; Buffalo 6 52 a m. 

0 13pm, Atlantic Express, over Air Line. Arrives at Toledo 
210 am; Cleveland, 7 05 a m; Buffalo, 1 05 p m. 

4. 3S and 4, p m. Way Freight. 


3 4:3 am, Toledo Express. Arrives at Laporte 3 35 a m, Chicago 
5 40 a m. 

5 05am,Paciflc Express. Arrives at Laporte 5 50 a m; Chicago 

4r 3S p m. Special Chicago Express. Arrives at Laporte 5 30; 
Chicago, 7 40 p m. 

8 03 a m. Accommodation. Arrives at Laporte 9 am; Chi- 
cago, 11 10 a. m. 

8 4=5 and 0 35 am. Way Freight. 

P. C. Eafp, Ticket Agt., South Bend. 

J. W. CARY. Gen’l Ticket Agt., Cleveland. 

J. H. PARSONS, Snp’t West Biv., Chicago. 



Fnion Depo', West side, near Madison street bridge; Ticket offices 
at depot and 122 Randolph street. 

Arrive. Leave. 

Kansas City nd Denver Express via Jack- 
sonville, IL., and Louisiana, Mo 3 40 pm 12 30 pm 

Springfield and St. Louis Ex. via Main Line. 8 00 pm 9 00 am 
Springfield, St. Louis and Texas Fast Ex.-ria 

Main Line .7 30 am 9 00 pm 

Peoria Day Express 3 40 pm 9 00 am 

Peoria, Keokuk and Burlington Ex 7 30 am 9 00 pm 

Chicago and Paducah Railroad Egress 8 00 pm 9 00 am 

Streator,Wenona, Lacon and Washington Ex 3 40 pm 12 30 pm 

Joliet Accommodation 9 20 am 5 00 pm 

J.C.McMttllin, Gen. Snpt. J. Charlton, Gen. Pass. Agt. 

0. & N.-W. LINES. 


Embraces u nde r one managem ent the Great Trunk Railway 
Lines of the WEST and NORTH-WEST, and, with its numerous 
Branches' and connections, forms the shortest and quickest 
route between Chicago and all points in Dlinois, Wisconsin, 
Northern Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebnuska, California and 
the Western Territories. Its 


The SoMastic Almanac 

For 1878 

Is now out, and can be had on application to the publisher. 
The Scholastic Almanac is beautifully printed on tinted 
paper, and bound in a glazed cover. It contains one hun- 
dred pages of excellent reading matter, 



Our Tear, 

Astrological Predictions, 

Days of Obligation, etc., 


The Months — description, 













The Two Rules, 

The Great American Count, 
St. Bernard to Our Lord, 
Classical Education of "Wom- 

Pio Nono, 

A View of Astrology, 

Night Scene, 

The Letter Q, 

In October, 

Silent Letters, 

St. Augustine’s Prayer. 

The Duty of our Young 

Over the Leaves, 

Negro Minstrelsy, 


Who was She? 


Mirabeau the Man, 

Mirabeau the Tribune, 

Maris Stella, 


. Price, 25 cents, postpaid. 

Address, . J. A. LYONS, 

TYotro Dame, lud.; 

The Scholastic Printing- Company, Notre Dame, Iiul. 



For my attention to the patrons of Notre Dame and St. Mary’s, I 
refer, by permission, to the Superiors of both Institutions. 

Is the shortest and best route between Chicago and all points 
in Northern Illinois, Iowa, Dakota, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colo- 
rado, Utah, Nevada, California, Oregon, China, Japan and Aus- 
tralia. Its 


Is the short line between Chicago and all points in Northern 
Wisconsin and Minnesota, and for Madison, St. Paul, Minne- 
apolis, Dnlnth, and all points in the Great Northwest. Its 

Is the best route between Chicago and La Crosse, Winona- 
Rochester, Owatonna, Mankato, St. Peter, New Ulm, and all 
points in Southern and Central Minnesota. Its 

Is the only line between Chicago and Janesville, Watertown, 
Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, Appleton, Green Bay, Escanaba, Negan- 
nee, Marquette, Houghton, Hancock and the Lake Superior 
Country. Its 


Is the only route between Chicago and Elgin, Rockford, Free- 
port, and all points via Freeport. Its 


Is the old Lake Shore Route, and is the only one passing be- 
tween Chicago and Evanston, Lake Forest, Highland Park, 
Waukegan, Racine, Kenosha and Milwaukee. 


are run on all through trains of this road. 

New York Office, No. 415 Broadway ; Boston Office, No. 5 
State Street ; Omaha Office, 245 Famham Street ; San Fran, 
cisco Office, 121 Montgomery Street ; Chicago Ticket Offices- 
62 Clark Street, under Sherman House ; 75 Canal, comer Madi- 
son Street ; Kinzie Street Depot, comer W. Kinzie and Canal 
Streets ; Wells Street Depot, corner Wells and Kinzie Streets. 
■ For rates or information not attainable from your home ticket 
agents, apply to 

W. H. Stennett, Marvin Hughitt, _ 

Gen. Pass. Ag’t, Chicago. Gen. Manager, Chicago. 




Have the largest and moat com|dete Tvpe 
f OU2xdX7 is the West. All T3re cast from 
BEST qoality of metal. Estimates fomhihed 
on application. Goods shipped promptly. 

Complete ontfits supplied on short notice. 

The Notre Dame Scholastic is printed from l^e manu- 
factured by Marder, Lnse & Co., and which has been in constant 
use for over seven years. jan 5-3m 



Attomevs at Ijaw. 

B ROWIV (E. M. Brown of ’65), At- 

torneys at Law. Cleveland, Ohio. 

S r»EEIt & MlTCHOBlLii:. [N. S, Mitchell, of ’72], 
Attorneys at Law, Mo. 225 Brady St., Davenport, Iowa. 

r aOMA-S B. CI.tF'I’OItB, [of ’621 Attorney at 
Law, Notary Public and Commissioner for all the States, 206 
Broadway {cor. Fulton), New York. Special attention given to 

F AJVNXIVG- «fe HOGA.1V id. J. Hogan, of Ydl, At- 
torneys at Law, Boom 26, Ashland Block, N. E. Cor. Clark and 
Bandolph sts., Chicago, Dl. 

J OHN" F. MoUXJGH: lof ’721, Attorney at Law. Office 
65 and 67 Colnmhia St., Lafayette, Ind. 

D OBGE T>OI>GE [Chas. J., Notary Public, and 

Wm W., both of ’741, Attorneys at Law. Collections promptly 
made. Office, Hedge’s Block, Burlington, Iowa. 

0 BVI1L.X.E T. CUA.]M;BEIIIL.AJ[1V (of ’61), 
Attorney at Law, Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds. 
Office, 93 Main St., Elkhart, Ind. 

M oBBIDE & M!EILiEA.B,l> (Jas. E. McBride, of 
’68), Att’ys at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, and Proctors in Ad- 
miralty. Practice in all the courts of Mich, and of the U. S. Office, 
41 Monroe St., Grand Bapids, Mich. 

W IEETAM J.' CE A. BELE (of ’74). Attorney at Law, 
Booms 3 & 4, Law BuUding, No. 67 S. High St., Columbus. O. 

Michigan Central Railway 

Time Ta'ble— Wov- 11* ISTT". 








t Night 

Lv. Chicago 

“ Mich. City.. 

“ Niles 

“ Kalamazoo.. 

“ Jackson 

Ar. Detroit 

7 00 a.m 
9 28 “ 
10 45 “ 

12 35 p.m 
3 45 “ 

6 45 “ 


9 00 p m 

11 15 “ 

12 35 a m 
2 17 “ 

4 55 “ 

8 00 “ 

Lv. Detroit 

“ Jackson 

“ Kalamazoo.. 

“ Niles 

“ Mich. City.. 
Ar. Chicago 

7 00 a.m 
10 20 “ 

1 15 p.m 

3 11 “ 

4 40 “ 

6 55 •’ 

9 35 a m 
12 15 p.m 
2 40 “ 

4 07 “ 

5 20 “ 

7 40 “ 

4 00 a.m 
6 10 “ 

7 50 “ 
10 30 “ 

9 50 p.m 
12 45 a.n 
2 53 “ 

4 24 “ 

5 47 ” 

8 00 “ 

6 20 p m 
9 40 “ 

2 25 a m 
12 38 “ 

4 15 “ 

6 45 “ 

DTiles and. Soutli Bend. Bi-vislon. 

*G01N6 NORTH. 
Lv. So. Bend — 8 4-5 a.m. 6 30 
“ N. Dame— 8 52 • . 6 38 
Ar. Niles— 9 25 “ 715 


pm. Liv. Niles— 7 05 a.m. 4 15 p.m 
’■ “ N. Dame— 7 40 “ 4 48 “ 

“ Ar. So. Bend— 7 45 " 4 55 “ 

•Sunday excepted. tDaily. ^Saturday and Sunday excepted. 
Henbt C. Wentworth, H. B. Ledyard, 

G. P. & T. A., Chicago, HI. Gen’l Manager, Detroit, Mich. 
G. L. Eluott, Agent, South Bend, Ind. 

J AMES A. O’BEIEEY— of ’69.— Attorney at Law, 
527 Court Street, Beading, Pa. Collections promptly attended to. 

J OHN" B. McCOBMICE— of ’73— Attorney at Law 
and Noiary Public, Lancaster, Ohio. 

Minerals, Shells^ Birds, Etc. 

Civil Engineers & Survevors. 

C m:. BBOCTOB [or’7!5] CMI Engineer of City and 
. County of Elkhart. Office, 67 Main St., Elkhart, Indiana. 
Special attention given to Hydraulic Engineering. 

A BTIITJB jr. STAGE [of ’64], County Surveyor for 
St. Joseph County. Sonth Bend, Ind. 

■Weekly ISTewspapers. 

weekly at Colnmbus, O. Subscriofions from Notre Dame’s stu- 
dents and friends solicited. Terms, ^ per annum. 

D. A. CUABKE, OF ’70. 

T he AVE M ABTA* a catholic journal devoted to the 
Blessed Virgin, published every Saturday at Notre Dame, Ind. 
Edited by a Priest of the Congregation of the Holy Cross. Subscrip- 
ion price, $2.5u. 

weekly by Chas. Murray & Co, (T. A. Dailey, of ’74> $1.50 per 


O H^CEE HOUSE, On the European plan, Indianap- 
olis, Ind., close to Union Depot, best In the city. English, Ger- 
man and French spoken. Geo. Bhodins, Proprietor; E. Kitz, Clerk. 

rrVHE BOND HOUSE, A. McKay, Prop., Niles, Mich- 
_L igan. Free Hack to and from all Trains for Guests of the House. 

T he MATTESOIV house, corner of Wa- 
bash Ave. and Jackson St., Chicago, HI. All Notre Dame 
visitors to Chicago may be found at the Matteson. 

The Naturalists' Agency has been established at 1223 Belmont Av- 
enue, Philadelphia, for the purpose of giving collectors of objects of 
Natural History an opportunity of buying, selling or exchanging 
their duplicates or collections. 

Specimens sent to any part of the world by mail. An illnstrated 
monthly bnlletin of 8 pages sent free. 

I received the highest award given to any one at the Centennial 
Exposition of 1876, and the only award and medal given to any Amer- 
ican for “ Collections of Minerals.” 

My Mineralogical Catalogue, of 50 pages, is distributed free to all 
customers, to others on receipt of lu cents. It Is profusely illus- 
trated, and the printer and engraver charged me about $900, before 
copy was struck off. means of the table of species and accom- 
panying tables most species may be verified. The price list is an ex- 
cellent check list containing the names of 'all the sped es and th 
more common varieties, arranged alphabetically and preceded by the 
species nnmber. The specie's number indicates the place of any 
mineral in the table of species, after it will be fonnd the species 
name, composition, streak of Instre, cleavage or fractureh, ardness, 
specific gravity, fnsihility and crystallization. 

Owing to an increase in stock, it has become necessary to obtain 
a larger and more convenient location. This has been fonnd at No. 
1223 Belmont Avenue, about 2 squares from the Trans-Continental 

Over 38 tons, and nearly $35,000 worth of Minerals on hand. 
$19,000 worth sold since the 17th day of January, when the first box 
was pat into my establishment. November 13th, my cash sales were 
over $1,500 and cash receipts over $1,200. 


For Students, Amateurs, Professors, Physicians, 
and other Professional Men. 

The collections of 100 illustrate all the principal species and all the 
grand subdivisions in Dana and other works on Mineralogy; every 
Crystalline System; and all the principal Ores and every known 
Element. The collections ate labelled with a printed label that can 
only be removed by soaking. The labels of the $5. and higher 
priced collections giveDana’s species number, the name, locality, and 
in most cases, the composition of the Mineral. All collections ac- 
companied by my Illnstrated Catalogne and table of species. 

Book Binders. 

E B'WABD I». EE YNDT, Plain and Fancy Book-hind- 
er, Ejilamazoo, Mich. 

Visiting Cards. 

NnHBER OF Sfecikens 

■ 25 








$ 50 


$ 8 











Send for the. bulletin stating where you saw this advertisement. 

CAEEIPJG C ABBS— no two alike, with name 
neatly printed for 10 cents. E. A. Wilrib, 

Mishawaka, led. 

A. E. FOOTE, Iff. D., 

Prof, of Chemistry and Mineralogy, 


CENTS will obtain you a Copy of The Scboeastic 
Aluanac for 1878. Address 

J. A, Lyons, 

Notre Dame, Ind. 

FtUmo of tht American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
Vfe Member of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Scie- 
encee and of the American Museum of Natural 
Hittory,- Central Part, New Tort.