Disce quasi semper viclunis; vive quasi eras moritums.
Vol. XV. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, APRIL 22, 1SS2. No. 32.
December’s days had flown. The New Year’s feasting
And song and laughter died upon the air ;
But still the laggard rain-sprites in Elysium
Disported, deaf alike to sigh or prayer.
Across the drouth-parched fields the plows toiled slowly.
And clamorous crows held revel in their wake ;
The farmer viewed the scene with drooping spirits,
Scant was the comfort he could find to take.
The new-sown seed still in the ground lay slumbering.
The skies seemed brazen, and frosts so severe,
While all the croakers in the county grumbling
Foretold by signs, and omens, “A dry Year.”
Visions of cattle lean and worn with hunger.
Such as disturbed the Egyptian’s dreams of yore,
And unpaid bills, a grand and countless army,
The threatened season as a sequence bore.
I listened to his story, and complainings
Of loss and want, a long unending chain.
Of weather wisdom taught him by the trappers,
And changing moons that failed to bring him rain.
And then I took our grave Professor’s Annual,
And read for him its astrologic lore
Which told of welcome storms in February,
And the blithe words of cheer its pages bore.
Until he went upon his way rejoicing.
And in due time the promised largesse came,
When he exclaimed, “ Let us add one leaf of laurel
Unto Professor Lyons’ wreath of fame! ’’
But granger-like combined, “ He is chary
Of his good gifts; when he foretells again.
Let dear December and stern January
Bring to our western plains abundant rain.”
I send his message, but though powers prophetic
May win both fame and blessings for the seer,
More blessed is he in scattering pearls of knowledge,
And shining thoughts to light the passing year.
M. A. F.
Do not listen to those superficial minds who
assume themselves to be profound thinkers be-
cause, like Voltaire, they have discovered some
difficulties in Christianity; rather, on the con-
trary, measure your progress in philosophy by
that of your increasing veneration for the relig-
ion of the Gospel. — Cousin.
We generally apply the name mineral springs,
or mineral waters, only to waters which contain
enough of foreign matter to give them a peculiar
taste. Chemists tell us that all springs contain
more or less mineral matter, which they obtain by
coming in contact with different varieties of soil,
and gathering from different strata such mineral
substances as they may be able to dissolve.
Hence, in regions where the nature of the soil
is such that-it does not allow to any great extent-
the union of the water with foreign- matter, we
are unable to detect the properties of mineral springs.
From analysis, mineral springs have been found
to contain the following substances, in certain
ratios: carbonates of potassium and soda; salts of
magnesium, sodium and calcium; sulphates of
alum, lime, magnesia, soda, and potash. Besides
these, we have iodides, bromides, nitrates, silicates
and sulphides of alkaline substances. Many of
these compounds are kept in solution by carbonic
acid gas, or by sulphuretted hydrogen, with which
many of the most noted springs are charged.
The decomposition of carbonates by some sili-
cious matter and heat, which is said to take place in
buried strata, is generally given as the source of the
great amounts of carbonic acid gases which are in
many places evolved from the earth, and, impreg-
nating the waters filtering through it, give rise to
It is a noticeable fact that in Europe these springs
or their sources are found in the vicinity of vol-
canoes either active or recently extinct; while in the
United States this variety of springs have their
sources in strata which are very far removed from
any evidence of volcanic phenomena. We must,
therefore, infer that there are agencies at work
too deeply hidden to manifest themselves in vol-
canic eruptions, and which produce this carbonic
acid so abundantly. There are a few sulphuric
acid springs found in the western part of New
York, and we find a number also in Canada.
Again, the action of underground heat upon
those buried strata which contain sulphates and
chlorides is amply sufficient to provide for the ap-
pearance of hydrochloric and sulphurous adds in
springs, even without the presence of organic mat-
ter, but this is rarely wanting.
Mineral waters have been divided into four
principal classes: the acidulous, of which we have
briefly spoken, the sulphureous, saline and chaly-
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
beate. Sulphureous springs are easily distinguished
on account of the sulphuretted hydrogen which
they contain, forming the predominant ingredient,
and by reason of which they give a very offensive
smell. We have the white and red sulphur
springs in Virginia, which are quite noted, and
there is a famous sulphur spring at Aix-la-Chapelle,
in Europe. Saline springs embrace waters of the
greatest diversity. In this. class, chlorides are pre-
dominant. Those which contain any great quan-
tity of carbonates of lime or magnesia (the matter
most often found in mineral springs) are very bit-
ter to the taste. We might add, however, that io-
dides and bromides are found in saline springs, but
not frequently ; yet those which contain either of
these, possess more curative powers than the others.
We might cite, as an example of this class, -the fa-
mous Saratoga Springs, in New York, probably the
best known springs in the United States. As an
example also we have the Seidlitz, of Bohemia.
It might be well to mention here the Hot
Springs of Arkansas, which are of a silicious na-
ture. These springs deposit beautiful rock crystal,
fine specimens of which we have here in the Uni-
versity Museum. Chalybeate Springs are those
which contain any salts of iron in solution. The
taste left in the mouth after drinking from this va-
riety resembles the taste of ink, more than anything
else. There is a very good chalybeate spring at
Bedford, Mass., and, I believe, there is one in Pitts-
In the description of these four divisions I
have given but a simple and rapid outline of each,
for any one of these is itself a fruitful subject for
study. Mineral springs are chiefly used for drink-
ing and bathing; the warm springs, especially, for
bathing. The Greeks and Romans were well
acquainted with hot and warm springs. We read
in our authors that the wealthy Romans were ac-
customed to spend their summer months at Boise,
which would probably correspond to our Saratoga
springs, — that is, in point of fashion.
Mineral springs have their value on account of
the curative properties which they possess. Per-
sons troubled with chronic and obscure diseases
have very often been restored to health, or, at least,
been greatly relieved by mineral waters, when in
these same cases all other remedies were of no .
avail. Some attribute this to the fact that there
may be some matter of a mineral nature contained
in these springs which is not yet known to chem-
istiy. For instance, some salts of iodine and bro-
mine have been but recently discovered, yet as com-
ponents in mineral waters they have been success-
ful in curing diseases for centuries. In certain
diseases, now, doctors prescribe mineral waters
just as they would the preparations of the apothe-
caiy. It is said that chatybeate waters strengthen
the stomach, and, as the expression is, “make
We might mention many diseases which are
cured by the different varieties of mineral springs,
but space does not allow, and, moreover, we do
liot mean to speak here on a medical subject.
Man}- men of science have tried to make a substi-
tute for mineral waters, and have obtained consid-
erable success; but still it is found cheaper, and
probably better, to use the real mineral water which
nature has given us, rather than the artificial pro-
ducts of the chemist.
The United States abounds in mineral springs,
but there are probably more in Colorado than in
any other State. Here, hot and cold springs ooze
forth within a few feet of each other, an acidulous
near a saline, a chalybeate beside a sulphurous. W e
must attribute this to the freaks of nature, which
has placed the materials . for this wonder, as we
would almost call it, in such close proximity. But
alb goes to show us another of the innumerable
ways in which God exercises His power.
M. E. Doxahue.
Never was there a gloomier period in the his-
tory of European civilization than that which cul-
minated in the universal anarchy and desolation
that followed the extinction of the Roman Empire
in the West. The colossal fabric of the Caesars
had fallen beneath the fierce and incessant on-
slaughts of the Northern barbarians. The fairest
provinces of the vast empire, created by the genius,
perseverance and triumphs of the most powerful na-
tion of antiquity, were lurid with the fires of unciv- ^
ilized conquest and ensanguined with the tide of tu-
multuous war. The ruthless victors who revelled
amid the spoils of vanquished Rome had in their
dire advance swept away, as with the irresistible
flood of the Alpine torrent, the landmarks of ancient
progress, and, moreover,- everywhere arrested the
labors of the early pioneers of Christian civiliza-
tion. At this crisis, when the darkness of return-
ing paganism .lowered over the West, it pleased
Divine Providence to raise up in the Christian
Church an extraordinary man, who, by the exam-
ple of his exalted virtue, should revive the spirit of
heroic sacrifice that had peopled with countless an-
chorets the deserts of the Thebaid, and attract in
his footsteps an illustrious concourse of disciples,
Avho, filled with apostolic zeal, should go forth to :
penetrate the heart of Europe, and, planting the !
cross amid the grim strongholds of heathenism,
should arrest the barbarian in his career of violence j
and bloodshed; should subdue, regenerate, civilize ^
and elevate him through the influence of religion
and culture, and refine him by the light of knowl-
edge and the priceless blessings of Christianity.
A young patrician, descended from the illustrious
house of Anicius, inspired with a supernatural im-
pulse, resolves to renounce forever the allurements
of rank and fortune, and seek in the depths of
some remote solitude an asylum from the dangers *
and corruption of Roman society. He has not yet * 1
attained his fifteenth year when, in A. D. 494, he
secretly departs from the city, and, after a weari-
some journey, arrives in the neighborhood of the
desert mountains of Subiacum, situated forty miles
distant from Rome, towards the southeast. In a
cave amid the rocks, where the strusrsflinor waters
J -OO O
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
of the imprisoned Anio are broken into a series of
foaming cascades, he takes up his solitary dwelling,
and commences his life of wonderful austerity.
The fame of Benedict’s sanctity rapidly became
known, and numbers of the faithful penetrated in-
to his solitude, eager to listen to his heavenly dis-
course. Captivated by the spectacle of such -won-
drous virtue, many craved to live under his -spir-
itual guidance, and imitate his austerities in the he-
roic practice of the evangelical counsels. In a few
years his desert was peopled with twelve monas-
teries that grew up around his lonely cell. Thither
came postulants from every rank — noble and ple-
beian, Roman and barbarian — to embrace the mo-
nastic state. Thus did the desert of Subiaco be-
come the cradle of the Benedictine institute, which
during so many ages shed so great lustre on the
Church and achieved such stupendous results for
European civilization. - The innumerable saints
and doctors and missionaries that were nurtured in
its cloisters form the most brilliant galaxy that il-
lumined the Christian firmament in the lapse of the
Middle Ages, under whose pure and genial light
the nations of Europe, reclaimed from ignorance,
barbarism and idolatry, and gathered into the fold
of the faith, gradually developed in political, social,
and intellectual progress, and laid deep and solid
the foundations of that civilization the blessings of
which have been borne to every region of the hab-
After thirty years’ sojourn at Subiaco, St. Bene-
dict, forced by a persecution that threatened the
safety of many of his young disciples, withdrew to
to Monte Cassino, where stood a sacred grove and
temple of Apollo. Having induced the people of
the surrounding district to abandon their idolatry,
he erected from the debris of the temple two
Christian oratories, around which developed the
celebrated monastery regarded as the chief house
of the Benedictine Order. Here the patriarch of
the Western monks closed Iris eventful career, 21st
March, 543. His remains were interred at. the
foot of the altar in the oratory of St. John, where
he expired, in the tomb which had but recently re-
ceived the body of his sister, St. Scholastica.
Some Recent Inventions.
A new and useful application of the telephone
has been the subject of experiments by a native of
Toulon, France. He has invented a new species
of scaphander, which permits of the utilization of
several of the discoveries made of late years. • One
of the faces of the helmet is made of copper, in
which a telephone is fixed, so that the man in the
scaphander, whilst he is working in the water, needs
only to turn his head slightly in. order to receive
instructions from above, or to express what he
wishes to say. Heretofore, when divers visited a
sunken ship, it was necessary to raise them to the
surface — a process that was always difficult arid
more or less dangerous — to obtain their account
of the state of things beneath the water, and the
instructions given them were .necessarily long and
detailed, and they had to depend on their memory
and intelligence. By means of the arrangement of
which we are speaking, an engineer, or the captain
aboard his ship, can direct the investigations better
than he could possibly do, even if he were below
the surface. Then, again, the diver, in case of dan-
ger or sickness, had formerly only an alarm bell at
his command to make known his needs. By means
of the telephone all danger of misunderstanding is
averted, the diver’s call for help is at once under-
stood. The man in the scaphander no longer sim-
ply sees, walks, breathes at the bottom of the sea,
but he hears and speaks. The experiments of
which we have spoken have been very successful,
and it is the intention to attach a microphone to
some of the scaphanders in order -to strengthen
Not less useful than the preceding is the inven-
tion of a young Roman engineer, Trajan Theo-
doresco. He has succeeded in constructing a sub-
marine vessel which throws into the shade all pre-
vious inventions in this line. This vessel can nav-
igate for twelve hours, at a hundred feet below the
water, without once coming to the surface. The
inventor claims that he can go to a depth of three
hundred feet. At the surface the movement of
the vessel is like that of ordinary steamers. The
rapidity is not as great as in some steamers, but is
greater than that of sailing vessels. It descends
and performs its other motions by means of screws.
Once beneath the surface, sufficient light is fur-
nished to see objects within forty metres ahead,
and the movement is so regulated as to avoid ob-
struction. There is a supply of air for twelve
hours, which may be renewed by means of teles-
copic tubes without returning to the surface. The
forward and the downward movement of the ves-
sel are noiseless. If experiments should confirm
all the advantages claimed for this submarine boat,
it will be a most formidable weapon of warfare.
But it may likewise be turned to more profitable -
uses, in recovering lost treasures and for dredging.
Anything that is likely to enlarge our knwoledge
of what lies beneath the sea, or to facilitate the ac-
quirement of its products and valuable deposits, is
not to be slighted.
An instance of what can be done by the aid of
a strong will and perseverance is furnished by .a
young man named Aloys Lorentz, a Swiss peasant.
Under the most unfavorable circumstances, and by
his own unaided industry and skill, he has suc-
ceeded in making a- model of the celebrated clock
of Strasburg, which is at present on exhibition in
Paris, and excites general attention. During the
siege of Strasburg, when the Prussian shells had
set fire to the roof of the Cathedral, and it seemed
as if the grand building was going to be destroyed,
the boy took it into his head that he would make
a copy of the clock. He was at that time ten years
old and had no idea of clock-making, nor had he
ever had a look at the machinery to be copied.
Notwithstanding this, he set to work, and such
was his energy that, in the space of three years, he
had made a machine which was a good counterpart
pf the famous clock. Singe thgji bp has greatly
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
improved it. The young mechanic has gone to
• Paris to exhibit his work, which had excited gen-
* eral admiration in Strasburg. \
' Such a strength of will in sb young a person,
and crowned by such success, is not an every-day
occurrence, and we may expect to hear more
about the youth in the future. X. Y. Z.
Art, Music, and Literature.
— An authorized translation by a priest, of .“Is
Life Worth Living”? is announced in Paris.
— Dr. Ward, formerly editor of the Dublin Re-
view , has already published a second edition of his
learned essay on Science, Miracles, Free-will, etc.
— A weekly magazine, called Choice Literature ,
has undertaken to supply the place of The Library
Magazine. It has several new and important
— Nuntius Romanus is the title of a new period-
ical lately begun in Rome. It will publish all En-
cyclical Letters, decrees of the Roman Congrega-
— Tennyson’s “All Hands Round” has been
set to music by Stanford, an English composer.
The sonof will become popular, it is said, because
of the genial music.
— The historical , writings of St. Athanasius
have been published at Oxford, by the Clarendon
Press. The Editor, Prof. Bright, has followed
the Benedictine text.
— Cardinal Manning’s recent article in the
Nineteenth Century on the return of Mr. Brad-
laugh to Parliament has been so much called for
that the publishers are expected to issue a reprint of
— We rejoice to learn that the poems of B. I.
Durward have been collected in book form.
Those to whom this name is unknown have yet
to make the acquaintance of one of the best poets
in the West.
— Hon. Ignatius Donnelty’s learned work, “ At-
lantis,” has excited great interest, both here and in
England. It is now in its second edition. The
author is a brother of Miss Eleanor C. Donnelly,
the American Adelaide Procter.
— M. l’Abbe Blanc has published an exposition
and refutation of the theories of Mr. Herbert
Spencer, entitled Les Nouvclles Bases de la Mo-
rale. The Abbe Blanc is a Professor of Scholas-
tic Philosophy in the Catholic University of Lyons.
— Besides The Paper Worlds which is one of the
best conducted and most influential trade maga-
zines published either in this country or in Europe,
Messrs. Clarke W. Bryan & Co., of Holyoke,
Mass., publish The Manufacturer and Industrial
Gazette , and The American Plumber.
— Another English poet, Dante Gabriel Rossetti,
has disappeared from earth; his death was an-
nounced by cable, last week. Besides being a poet
and critic, Mr. Rossetti was a]so a painter of con-
siderable note, and for nearly forty' years one of
the active spirits of the Pre-Raphaelite movement.
— The Ave Maria will contain next week the
initial chapter of a new story by Madame Augus-
tus Craven, author of “ A Sister’s Story,” “ Anne
Severin,” and other popular works. The transla-
tion is by Lady Georgiana Fullerton. It will be
published simultaneously in London and America.
The story is entitled “ Eliane.” t
— Prof. George Washington Greene, for many
years an intimate friend of Mr. Longfellow, and
the one to whom he dedicated “Ultima Thule”
and his translation -of the Divina Commedia , will
write the poet’s biography. Mr. Greene an-
nounces that the family letters have all been
placed at his disposal.
— In regard to the controversy as to the author
of “The Imitation,” Mr. Edmund Waterton has
written to Notes and Queries that “ the numerous
contemporary witnesses who have deposed, be-
yond all possibility of doubt or refutation, and at a
time when the authorship was never disputed,
that Thomas a Kempis was the author, form .an
obstacle that cannot be got over.”
— Mr. Beresford Hope, M. P., is selling a por-
tion of his celebrated library. Among the treas-
ures with which he is parting are some fine illu-
minated manuscripts, including Beda’s “Exposi-
tion of St. Luke,” described as very beautiful. It
was written by a Spanish scribe for Ferdinand of
Castile. Also copies of the first edition of the
“ Biblia Polyglotta,” published by Cardinal Xim-
enez; the first edition of Homer, in Greek; “Cice-
ronis Epistolae,” printed in 1470; Colgani “Acta
Sanctorum Hibemiae”; “ Lyra Postillas,” . printed
in 1471-72; first edition of Plato, in Greek; Cardi-
nal Pole’s excessively rare “ Ecclesiastic® Unitatis
Defensio,” which so infuriated Henry VIII;’ and
Description de PEgypte, nine vols. (the great work
executed by order of Napoleon I).
— The death was reported by cable, yesterday,
of Charles R. Darwin, the well-known English
scientist and author.
— The transit of Venus on the 6th of December
will be observed on behalf of the F rench Govern-
ment .by eight expeditions at the following points :
The French Antilles, the coast of Patagonia,
Santa Cruz, Chabuth, Chili, Cuba, coast of Flor-
ida, and the coast of Mexico. Astronomers antic-
ipate that this occasion will enable them to deter-
mine, with an accuracy never before attained, the
distance of the earth from the sun.
— The new material known as leatherette is be-
ing brought into use in numerous mechanical and
ornamental applications. It is so perfect an imita-
tion of leather that people are utterly unaware
that they are handling something other than leather
itself, and its serviceable nature renders the detec-
tion still more difficult. For all uses to which it
has been applied, the article is said to have proved
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
nearly, if not quite, equal in serviceableness to
natural leather. — N. T. Sun.
— Spiders are one of the great obstacles to te-
legraphers in Japan. Filling the trees along the
lines, these insects spin their webs between the
(earth, the wires, the posts, insulators and the trees.
'When these webs become wet with dew they
(Constitute a good conductor, and the lines are found
;to be in connection with the earth. The only
! method of obviating this inconvenience is by em-
rploying brooms of bamboo to brush away the webs.
jBut, as the spiders are more active than the work-
imen employed in this work, the difficulty is not
■the less serious.
— Deaths from diptheria, typhus fever, and other
■fatal diseases caused by poisonous sewer and other
; gases, have been so numerous of late, that at a
.recent meeting of the Academy of Medicine,
<of New York, this peril was discussed by Profs.
; Fordyce, Barker and others, illustrated by some
: remarkable experiments made by Prof. Doremus,
I by which it was demonstrated how the densest
rstone walls are easily penetrated by these gases.
‘The suggestions made by Prof. Doremus for puri-
fying water-closets and replacing fatal gases with
•ozone by the expenditure of a few cents on chlo-
rine, chloride of zinc, bromine, or some other
(equally potent disinfectant, were listened to with
— Sir Isaac Newton wrote a' book on the
Prophet Daniel and another on the Apocalypse of
.‘St. John, in one of which he says that, according
•.to certain prophecies, before a certain period
■ of time has passed, there would be a species of
travelling of which the men of his day had no
ridea; that the knowledge of mankind would have
:so increased that a means of travelling over ten
-geographical miles in an hour would be discov-
ered. Voltaire, who scouted the idea of the di-
vine inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, attacked
'Newton on this, saying: “Consider that mighty
•genius, Newton, the discoverer of the law of grav-
itation, and who revealed to us mysteries of na-
ture that fill us with wonder. When he had grown
•old and childish he began to study the book they
•call the Bible, and in his opinion, if we accept its
-fabulous nonsense as true, we must believe that
the day will come when people can travel ten
geographical miles in an hour! The poor old
fool!” Poor fool ! — Ave Maria.
— The death is reported of the Rev. Father Van
Impe, rector of St. Xaviers’s College, Calcutta.
He was a man of great learning and of holy life.
May he rest in peace!
— Student (not very clear in his lesson)— “ That’s
what the author says, anyway.” Professor — “I
don’t want the author, I want you.” Student
(despairingly) — “Well, you’ve got me.”
— Jt js said that this country is indebted to Rich.-
ard Storrs Willis, more than to any other person,
for the introduction of college songs, having taught,
the Yale students the Latin song Gaudeamus ,
which he had learned in the German universities.
— A new version of Virgil’s HZneid, entitled
“Dido and yEneas,” by Mr. Owen Wester, a Har-
vard graduate, was recently presented at the Madi-
son Square Theatre, New York. The critics speak
very favorably of the author’s work and its pres-
entation on the stage.
— Professor Barff, of Beaumont College, ex-
plained, before a meeting of the London Society of
Arts, the results of some chemical experiments in
connection with the preservation of food. The
discovery, it is said, has already been tested at
Beaumont College, with excellent results.
— A recent number of The Pictorial World ,
for which we have to thank a friend in London,'
contains portraits of the Oxford and Cambridge
crews. The young fellows appear very muscular,
and look as if they would be more likely to suc-
ceed in boat-racing than in intellectual contests.
— English colleges have no students’ publications; yet
England is said to have 1,300 colleges. — Vanderbilt Ob-
This is a mistake; a periodical is published by
the students -of the famous Jesuit College, at Stony-
hurst. We have never seen it, but we remember
reading a notice of it, not long ago, in one of our
— How dear to my heart is the school I attended.
And how I remember, so distant and dim,
That red-headed Bill, and the pin that I bended
And carefully put on the bench under him !
And how I recall the surprise of the master
When Bill gave a yell, and sprang up with the pin
So high that his bullet head busted the plaster
Above, and the scholars all setup a grin.
That active boy, Billy, that high-leaping Billy I
That loud-shouting Billy that sat on a pin!
— San Francisco News Letter.
— Premier Gladstone, in the course of an ad-
dress to the pupils of Harrow School, which he
lately visited in company with Princess Louise,
“ Strive now in the days of your youth to estimate aright
the precious hours and the precious opportunities that are
offered to you. The old are melted by sympathy as •well
as by admiration and by hope when, standing in the pres-
ence of the young, they reflect how much of the future
lies in the form of seed now before them, — how much will
be contributed by you, who are now assembled, in the
years of your future life to the happiness or misery of
mankind l For God’s sake, my young friends, let not these
precious hours pass away unused. You never can fully
appreciate these opportunities until they have becomp
tilings of the past, but there is no usurer who ever drew the
mpst extravagant profit from his hoards whose profits
could be compared for one moment to the results you will
reap if you have wisdom and grace now, in the time
of your boyhood and youth, to extract from your hours
and your days and your years the fruit they are capable of
yielding. May you lose none of it! may every one of you
manfully discharge the duty that God has given into his
hands, and thereby alike fulfil his own happy destiny, and
maintain the name and fame of the school to which you
are fondly attached ! ” (Loud cheers.)
We are glad to re-echo the learned Premier’s
manly utterances on this $ide of the Atlantic. -
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
IVoti'e Daine, April S3, 1 883.
The attention of the Alumni of the University of Notre
Dame and others, is called to the fact that the NOTRE
DAME SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the Fif-
teenth year of its existence, and presents itself anew as a
candidate for the favor and support of the -many old friends
that have heretofore lent it a helping hand.
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC Contains:
choice Poetry, Essays, and the current Art, Musical Lit-
erary and Scientific Gossip of the day.
Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects
connected with the University of Notre Dame.
Personal gossip concerning the whereabouts and the suc-
cess of former students.
All the weekly local news of the University, including
the names of those who have distinguished themselves
during the week by their excellence in class and by their
general good conduct.
Students should take it; parents should take it; and,
Old Students should take it.
Terms , . jo -per Annum. Postpaid. .
Address EDITOR NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC,
Notre Dame, Indiana.
If a subscriber fails to receive the Scholastic regularly he trill confer a
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binding, can have hack numbers of the current volume by applying for
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publication, as, usually, but few copies in excess of the subscription list are
The Editors of the Scholastic always will be glad to receive informa-
tion concerning former students and graduates of the University.
— Very Rev. Edward Sorin, C. S. C., the vener-
able founder of Notre Dame, took his departure on
Thursday morning for Paris, whence he will pro-
ceed to Rome on business of the Congregation of the
Hoty Cross, of which he is the Superior-General.
This will make the thirty-ninth time he has crossed
the ocean. We unite with his numerous friends
and spiritual children on both sides of the Atlantic
in wishing him a prosperous voyage and safe re-
turn to the United States.
— Special attention, has been paid of late years
at Notre Dame to the study of History, and every
assistance and encouragement has been held out to
the students to acquire a thorough knowledge of
this most- important branch. It gives us sincere
pleasure to notice that the efforts of the Faculty
are beginning to be appreciated and seconded by-
the friends of the University from without.
The generous donor of one of the medals for
Christian Doctrine, whose name we are not at'
liberty to mention, but who cannot prevent us from
saying that he is one of the most zealous . and ef-
ficient clergymen in the diocese of Fort Wayne,
has kindly offered to present another for the
Course of History. In this respect, as iii many
others, we would like to hold up the reverend
gentleman as a model, and we trust that the ex-
ample which hp lias set wjl] fjjqd many imitators.
— It was stated in one of our exchange notes
some weeks ago, on the authority of the London
Universe , that the notorious Gavazzi had been ar-
rested in France for some, heinous crime, and sen-
tenced to thirteen months’ imprisonment. Having
received a letter from Rome, this week, informing
us that he has not been absent from the city all
winter, we hasten to correct our statement, and it
affords us sincere satisfaction to do so. We do not
rejoice over the downfall of anyone, nor do we
wish to spread false reports. Poor Gavazzi had
fallen low enough ah ead}’ - in our estimation. The
public at large has scant respect for “converted,
priests ” nowadays, and they generally receive,
sooner or later, the contempt the}* so richly merit.
We once heard an Episcopalian clergyman say*
that he looked upon an apostate Catholic priest as
the very personification of insincerity. The mis-
take in regrard to Gavazzi occurred on account of
a similarity of names, the culprit, being a minister,
named Gavazzi, from .England, it is said.
- — Those who know anything about “the art
preservative of all arts.” are aware that it is next
to impossible to avoid occasional typographical
errors. A proof may be corrected with all the
care imaginable, but this is no guarantee that mis-
takes will not appear in the printed sheet. Blun-
ders are often made in correcting blunders; then,
again, in the process of “ locking- up ” the -forms,
types may drop out or be misplaced, while in the
course of printing they may be “ mashed ” or fail
to “work up.” Considering the hurry in which
daily and weekly papers are generally “set up”
and printed, the wonder is, not that typographical
errors are frequent, but that they are not more
frequent. In monthly, quarterly, and especially
yearly publications, we have a right to expect
comparative typographical perfection, for the rea-
son that there is generally abundant time in which
to do the mechanical work and to correct what
may be discovered amiss. We are very often dis-
appointed in our expectations, and this only proves
the truth of the statement that there is no such thing
as absolutely perfect typography'.' Only two . or
three of the millions of books published in this
country can claim to be faultless as regards the
printing. Such books are rarities. It is there-
fore the greatest folly to make an ado over the
little mistakes that are met with in daily and
weekly papers. A reader or writer may reason-
ably complain of frequent, serious blunders, and
such as bear evidence frima facie of wanton care-
lessness or incapacity on the part of printer or
proof-reader; but to carp at every little slip of
printing is a sure proof, among other things, of a
— Students are aware that their class-standing
at the end of the session, and consequently their
chances for medals, premiums and honorable men-
tions depend on the monthly competitions "in the
different courses. Four of these competitions will
be held in each course during the present session,
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
and those who cherish ambitious longing's know
by this time on what sort of foundation their hopes
are laid. We trust that this knowledge will en-
courage those who have been fortunate enough to
hold the first places to continue their efforts, and
will spur on the unsuccessful to renewed exertions.
“A fair field and no favor” is what we all like to
see : there can be. no fairer test of merit than the
written competitions, and the best men cannot
The last competition of the series is by far the
most important. As it is only right that premiums
and medals should, as far as possible, fall to the
lot of those who are most proficient at the end of
the term, the last competition — which is the truest
criterion of the relative proficiency of students
at this time — counts for three. In this manner,
those who have made most progress during the
session are the favored ones, — as indeed they ought
to be, — while, at the same time, the claims of those
whose class-standing at any time during the ses-
sion has been satisfactory are not overlooked.
It is rumored that a “ new departure ” will take
place this year in the manner of deciding to whom
the Commercial Medal shall be awarded. There
are many Commercial Classes in which Seniors
and Juniors are- taught separately, — in fact, Book-
keeping, Commercial Law and Telegraphy are the
only Courses attended- in common by students of
both departments. The duties assigned at the sep-
arate competitions have generally been different
heretofore, and the class-standing of Seniors and
Juniors, and consequently their, claims to the Medal,
have been decided by the percentage given them
in their respective classes. It is now proposed to
modify this system, to a certain extent, by the in-
troduction of a special competition for the students
of both departments, and we think the suggestion
a valuable one.
— There are few institutions, if any, more im-
portant to a nation than the system of education
adopted and aided by the State. That which cul-
tivates the intellect and exercises a great influence
on the formation of the character of -its future cit-
izens, is deservedly considered by every civilized
Government as worthy of most serious considera-
tion. Any system of education which is univer-
sally adopted by a State, it is plain, ought to be fa-
vorable to all classes of the community. An edu-
cation which is opposed to the convictions or feel-
ings of a large number of citizens, cannot be called
national, and should not be forced on them. Legisla-
tures assert that, as the end of legislation is the good
of society, they are bound to secure all lawful means
which contribute to it; and that, as a certain de-
gree of knowledge is necessary, they are bound
to adopt a system of national education to provide
it. Most certainly it is the right of every State to
secure a certain degree of intelligence in its citizens,
but to attain this end it is not necessary to adopt a
system of education which is opposed to the prin-
ciples of a large portion of the community. Any
system which provides the required degree of edu-
cation ought, therefoi-e, to be perfectly acceptable
to the legislative body. -
In this country there exists a fear that such a
plan would be aiding some sect or religious creed.
But if the State were to permit what has been de-
nominated the “ Payment by Results,” it would
not be aiding any particular religious creed, while
it would afford all that the State has a right to
claim. “ Payment by Results ” means that a num-
ber of parents, or others, may organize a school,
appoint teachers, pupils and school to be subject to
State inspectors; the salaries of the teachers to be
paid by the Government, and determined according
to the number of children attaining a standard of
knowledge fixed by the State.- Under such a
system the State would not be assisting any par-
ticular sect, nor paying teachers for merely pass-
ing so many hours in a class-room. It would
only be securing a general attainment of that
standard of secular knowledge fixed by itself. It
is difficult to conceive of a system of education
which would contribute more to the improvement
of our schools. Were a teacher to be paid only
for such pupils as he brings to a determined standard
of knowledge, and not for a mere routine discharge
of his duties, it would be his interest to bring all the
pressure he could on the young to learn. The com-
petition between such schools and those at present
in existence would have a most beneficial effect on
our national education. Competition, which .has
done so much for every branch of trade and iri :
dustry, would not fail to bring out all the zeal and
energy of teachers, if it were once fairly incorpor-
ated into our system of education.
— A new college paper comes to us this week
from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. It
is called the Observer. Welcome!
— The visits of the Harvard Daily Herald ,
since its Easter suspension, are more welcome than
ever. There are few of our exchanges with
which we should be more sorry to part company.
If we were publishing a daily college paper, it
would be our endeavor to have it include all
the characteristics of the Herald , which is a credit
alike to its editors and the institution which it rep-
— The Catholic Review , having completed the
first decade of its prosperous career as a high-toned
family newspaper, the publishers, Messrs. P. V.
Hickey & Co., have enlarged the paper and
brought it out in a complete new dress of type,
paper, etc. It is now handsomely printed on
sized and calendered paper, and is quite attractive in
appearance. The new type is larger than the old,
but as the size of the paper has been proportion-,
ately increased there is no diminution of reading-
matter. The marked improvement in appearance
cannot fail to be appreciated, and we augur, for
the Review a greater success in its new form.
Prominent among other improvements in the
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
reading' matter, is a column of well-written book
notices which, we think, materially enhances the
value of this interesting periodical.
— South Bend leads the world in the matter of
wagons, carriages, and farm implements in general,
and our friend A. B. Miller, editor of The Farm-
er's Friend , seems determined to add no little to
South Bend’s fame as an emporium for the farm-
ers of the United States. The last issue of The
Farmer's Friend must have been the largest of
any paper ever printed in Indiana. It consisted
of 200,000 copies. The paper for the edition
would make a pile 1 14 feet high and 30x22 inches
in length and breadth. Folded into the 15x22
inch folds, the pile would he 228 feet high, or 8
feet higher than the Bunker Hill Monument!
Mr. Miller says February has been a good month
for the publishers in the way of subscriptions.
We wish him and The Farmer's Friend success,
and hope he may double the pile before Decem-
ber. Although a large 8-page paper, the price of
subscription is only 50 cents a year. Address, the
Farmer’s Friend Publishing Co., South Bend,
— The April number of The Ccecilia is, like all
those preceding it that we have seen, replete with
interesting matter relating to church music. The
Ccecilia has been, from its inception, under the edi-
torial management of Prof. John Singenberger,
President of the American branch of the Cecilia
Society, and is published by F. Pustet & Co., of
New York, — a sufficient guarantee that both in
matter and the manner of presenting it the paper
is all that could be desired. The fact of its be-
ing printed half in English and half in German
is a great deprivation for simply English readers.
We think that in the present advanced stage of the
Cecilian movement an English edition of The
Ccecilia should meet with sufficient encourage-
ment in this country and in Europe, and tend to
give greater publicity to the principles of the re-
form. Among other matters of interest in the
April number is the programme of the 8th Gen-
eral Convention of the American Csecilia Society,
to be held in Philadelphia, on the 22d, 23d, and
24th of August next. The Concerts will he given
in St. Peter’s Church. Besides the usual amount
of eminent talent from various quarters, the
choirs of the Church of the Holy Redeemer,
New York, and St. James’s choir, Baltimore, will as-
sist the choir of St. Peter’s. The following is a list
of the composers given in the programme, the figures
denoting the number of selections from each : Pales-
trina, 5; Rev. F. Witt (Founder of the German Ce-
cilia Society, and President), 8; Rev. M. Haller, 5 ;
Piel, 4; Stehle, 3 ; Vittoria,* 2 ; Greith, 2; Singen-
berger, 2; Rev. F. Konen; Rev. F. Schmidt;
Aiblinger; Schaller; Sautner; Anerio*; Ver-
done*; Vechi *; Berchem *; Ett; Birkler; Ort-
wein. Those marked with a star were contem-
poraries of the renowned Palestrina, and followers
of his school, and are all of the sixteenth century.
The others, with one or two exceptions, are
of our own time, composers of eminent talent,
who devote themselves to the production and en-
couragement of music suitable to the august cere-
monies of the Church. In the present connection
we would say to those who do not properly under-
stand the Cecilian movement that it is simply a
following of the footsteps of the renowned Pales-
trina, so far as this is possible ; and as the composi-
tions of that great composer are beyond the capa-
bility of ordinary choirs, the Cecilian composers,
of modern times have endeavored to give composi-
tions of the Palestrina school that will suit various,
requirements — the chief object being to exclude
music of a frivolous nature or odorous of profane
associations, and to replace it with compositions
specially prepared for the Church. The words of
encouragement given the Society by the Provincial
Councils of Baltimore and Cincinnati will, no doubt,
result in a new impulse to the Cecilian movement
and to all interested in the subject of liturgical
— Eugene Seibert, of ’75, is practising law in
Cincinnati. His office is on 3d street.
— Charles H. Muhler, of ’52, resides in Fort
Wayne, Ind., where he is superintendent of an ex-
tensive manufactory of tin ware and galvanized
— Messrs. Joseph P. Fenlon (Commercial), of
’64, and James Fenlon, of ’65, both of Leaven-
worth, Kansas, have been here on a visit to their
venerable and worthy parents, whose golden jubi-
lee was joyously celebrated on Easter Monday.
— Rt. Rev. Richard Gilmour, D. D., of the
diocese of Cleveland, will visit Rome during the
early summer. We hope to see him here before
he takes his departure. The Rt. Rev. Bishop is
well known at Notre Dame, and has many warm
friends and admirers here.
— W e are glad to learn from the Daily States-
man , Austin Texas, that two former teachers of
Notre Dame, Rev. Father John Lauth, and B.
Alban, C. S. C., are conducting a very successful
Academy in that city. The Statesman says :
“ The last examination at St. Edward’s Academy
proved that . thoroughness had been exacted in
— The following list of recent visitors is from
the College register: A. D. Tourtillotte, Toledo,
Ohio.; Mrs. O’Neill, and Mrs. Heneberry, Peoria,
111 .; Mrs. Metz, Chicago, 111.; Mr. and Mrs. Fal-
vey, Winamac, Ind. ;• Andrew Cummings, Chicago,
111.; Mrs. Hackett, Watertown, Wis.; Mr. Wm.
Devine, Chicago, 111.; John Price, Fairmount,
Neb.; George Nester, East Saginaw, Mich.-; Mr.
and Mrs. Coleman, M. Coleman, and M. Maloney,
Washington, D. C.; Cayetano C. Becerra, Mexico;.
John J. Crotty, Seneca, 111.; Mrs. Thos. Ryan,
Topeka, Kansas; Mr. P. F. Ryan, De Witt, Iowa;
Mr. and Mrs. Kerndt, Lansing, Mich,; Harry H,
McCord} Cincinnati, Ohio,
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
— Double windows are disappearing all round.
— Only two months more before Commence-
— That $1.50 is still unclaimed; in fact, it is gen-
— W. H. Yander Hayden has taken the place
vacated by D. Corry in the boat crew.
— To-morrow is the anniversary of the big fire,
and the birthday of Mr. Wm. Shakspeare.
— We had a pleasant call from Rev. Father
Oechtering, of Mishawaka, on Monday last.
— There is an editorial this week on competi-
tions and the Commercial Medal, to which attention
— The entertainment to have been given by the
Scientific Association last Wednesday is announced
— The Minims had a banquet, on Thursday, in
honor of the laying of the corner-stone of their
— The display of the Aurora Borealis, last Sun-
day night, was very brilliant, and continued till past
— Prof. Gregori and the Rev. Professor of
Greek are preparing elaborate costumes for the
“ Captives ” and “ CEdipus.”
— Mr. J. Francis Smith is executing in oil, for
Columbian Hall, miniature portraits of all the Pres-
idents of the United States.
— The Literary Entertainment, to be given by
the Columbian Association, promises to be ex-
tremely interesting and creditable.
— Some reports of societies handed in late, and a
number of local items, are crowded out. W e hold
to our rule. First in, first printed.
— Football is not so popular as it was. Baseball
is now “ all the go,” and even “ the Iowa giant ”
and the poetical Holmes take part in it.
— The one who lost a sum of money in the
College, last week, can recover it by applying to
B. Francis de Paul, at the printing-office.
— A little Indian boy, from Pokegon, was bap-
tized last week, by Rev. Father Granger. The
godmother’s euphonius name is Shepohaquan.
— The “servers” took a trip to St. Joseph’s
Farm on Thursday. The weather was not very
favorable, but we believe they had a very pleasant
— A pocket-knife was recently left in the Music
Hall, and so far no one has called for it. The
owner can have his property by applying to the
Prefect of the Music Hall.
— There will be a musical soiree , under the di-
rection of Prof. Paul, Wednesday evening, in the
Rotunda. There is a good programme, and a very
pleasant time may be expected.
— Among the best target-shots of the week were
J. O’Neill, E. Eager — he was eager to do his best,
and so succeeded — [let it pass this time] W. V un-
der Hayden, H. Steis, M. Falvey, and W. Bryant.
— We are very grateful to Mr. Eliot Ryder, of
the Boston Star, for an excellent cabinet photo-
graph of the lamented author of “Evangeline.”
It is the best likeness of the poet we have ever
— The Scholastic, always good and instructive
to its readers, interested in practical educational
wants and literary news, promises, with its new-
dress, to be more attractive than ever. — Catholic
— Mr. Samuel T. Spalding, of Lebanon, Ky.,
has the thanks of Prof. Edwards for a fine old
grandfather’s clock, one of the genuine “ old-
timers,” used by the descendants of the Maryland
— The Juniors, accompanied by B. Thomas, en-
joyed a long walk through the picturesque valley
of St. Joseph’s River, last Sunday afternoon, and
returned with keen appetites just as the bell rang
for supper. . -
— The Scholastic, of Notre Dame, Ind.,
comes to us in a new dress and otherwise much
improved. Good taste and a firm hand show
themselves already in the pages of our bright
contemporary. — N. Y. Freeman's Journal.
— Last Sunday, at High Mass, Rev. President
Walsh read and commented upon the pastoral let-
ter of the Provincial Council lately held in Cincin-
nati. The document itself and the remarks of the
Rev. speaker were listened to with much interest.
— A baseball game which attracted no little at-
tention was played last Saturday afternoon be-
tween the Red Sox and Athletes. Heavy batting
was made by Masters Colyar, Wendell and Roper.
The latter also distinguished himself by his pitch-
— We think everyone will agree with us that
the altar servers this year are among the best-be-
haved and best-trained acolytes we have ever had.
There has been a marked improvement in carry-
ing out the ceremonies, which, it is to be hoped,
will not end there.
— At a meeting of the Boat Club, the other
evening, a committee, consisting of W. B. McGor-
iisk, W. McEniry, and F. E. Kuhn was appointed
to make arrangement for a new boat-house. It is
hoped that the building will be such a one as will
not detract from the beauty of the lake.
— The Notre Dame Scholastic, of Notre
Dame, Ind., has visited us at last. We give it wel-
come. In its Roll of Honor we notice many of our
acquaintances and friends. It also tells us that our
friend, Mr. McGorrisk, of Des Moines, is again at
the University. — Our Guardian Angel.
— The corner-stone of the new Minim College
was blessed by Very Rev. Father General, on
Thursday morning, in presence of the Faculty,
students, and others. The ceremony was very im-
posing. After laying the corner-stone, Very Rev.
Father General delivered a beautiful address, which
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
he concluded by saj-ing - that the occasion was one
of the happiest days of his life. .
— A meeting of the Senior Archconfraternity
was held last Sunday evening, Rev. Father Toohey
presiding. Rev. Fathers Granger and Stoffel hon-
ored the meeting by their presence; B. Basil
was also in attendance to preside at the organ.
The ten-minutes’ discourse was delivered by F ather
Toohey, who spoke on the necessity of faith.
W. H. Bailey read a paper on the Passion of our
Lord ; M. E. Donahue treated the Mystery of the
Incarnation, and W. O’Connor proved the exist-
ence of purgatory.
— A meeting of students was held on the ioth
inst. for the purpose of organizing a baseball as-
sociation. The following officers were elected:
President, F. B. Devoto; Vice-President, W. B.
McGorrisk; Recording Secretary, M. T. Burns;
Corresponding Secretary, M. F. Heal}’ - ; Treasurer,
W. H. Arnold; Executive Committee, B. Paul,
F. E. Kuhn, M. E. Donahue and F. Gallagher;
Directors, Bros. Emmanuel and Paul; Captains,
Morse and Gallagher. The association is in a
healthy condition financially, and will provide uni-
forms for the leading nines.
— The 18th regular meeting of the Sorin Liter-
ary and Dramatic Association (Minim depart-
ment) was held on April 16th. The question,
“Is a Poet Greater than a Painter?” was debated
by Masters J. Nester, W. M. Miller, and T. Nor-
folk on the affirmative; and Rdne Papin, P. Cam-
pau and Guy Gibson on the negative. After de-
bating for over an hour, the question was still un-
decided, but is to be settled at the next meeting.
Declamations were delivered by Masters J. J.
McGrath, F. Nester, and P. Johnson. The Presi-
dent, Prof. J. F. Edwards, informed the members
that the Columbians had invited the Sorins to their
next meeting, at which Prof. Paul would furnish
some choice music. The announcement was re-
ceived with applause, after which the meeting ad-
Roll of Honor.
[The following list includes the names of those students
whose conduct during the past week has given entire satis-
faction to the Faculty. They are placed in alphabetical
Messrs. Anderson, Armijo, Arnold, J. Berry, W. Berry,
Bailey, Barron, Bryant, Browne, Bell, Burns, Cooper, Cullin,
Clements, Carroll, Conway, G. Clarke, Cleary, T. Clarke, J.
Delaney, J. P. Delaney, Dorsey, Donegan, Drury, F. E.
Ewing, Eaton, Flannery, E. Fenlon, T. Fenlon, Farrell,
Fleming, Flynn, J. Falvey, M. Falvey, Fishburne, Gal-
lagher, Gray, Golonski, Healy, Johnson, Kinsella, Kelly,
Kuhn, Kerndt, Kavanaugh, Larkin, Murphy, McErlain,
Minnis, Marlett, McGinnis, McIntyre, McDevitt, Morse,
\V. McGorrisk, E. McGorrisk, McEniry, Mason, Nash,
Noble, Noonan, O’Neill, O’Connor, O’Rourke, Orrick,
Otis, Peery, Paquette, Pierson, Quinn, Ryan, Rasche,
Saviers, Steiger, W. Schofield, Solon, C. Smith, Steis,
Tinley, Thompson, Tracy, Van Duzen, Wheatly, White,
Yrisarri, Zettler, Zahm.
Masters Archer, Ayers, Browne, Bacon, Bailey, Barron,
Bowers, Buchanan, Barnard, Boone, Castanedo, A. J.
Campau, Collar, J. M. Courtney, J: §. Courtney, Desr
champs, Devine, Dolan, Devitt, Drendel, Droste, Echlin,
Ewing, Ed Fishel, Fred Fishel, Fendrick, French, Flynn,
Fisher, Florman, M. Foote, H. Foote, Friedman, Gerlach,
E. Gall, A. Gall, Guthrie, Hoffman, Hess, Hibbeler,
Hurley, Hanavin, Hefternan, Halligan, Jeannot, Johnston,
Johnson, Kelly, Kolars, Kahman, Kengel, Kitz, Katz, Liv-
ingston, Lund, Lewis, McGordon, J. McGrath, T. Mc-
Grath, McPhillips, C. Murdock, Orchard, Osborn, O’Don-
nell, Orsinger, Powell, H. Porter, C. Porter, Peery, Pick,
Quill, Ryan, Rose, Rhodius, Ruppe, L. Rivaud, Smeetli,
Schaefer, Sells, Tappan, Taylor, Taggart, Warner, Whelan,
Wilbur, Wile, Zeigler, Yrisarri.
Masters Adams, Ackerman, Berthelet, Brandom, Cum-
mings, Curran, Chirhart, Chaves, J. Devereux, W. Devine,
A. Devine, Dirksmeyer, Devitt, Davison, Dwenger, Fehr,
Frain, J. Garrity, Graham, P. Gibson, Hewitt, Hynes,
Johnson, A. Kelly, J. A. Kelly, Kellner, J. J. McGrath J.
McGrath, E. McGrath, McGordon, McCawley, Miller,
Masi, C. Metz, Nash, F. Nester, Norfolk, O’Connor, A.
Otis, Powell, Papin, W. Prindiville, D. Prindiville, E.
Price, Peters, Pick, Quinlin, Rose, Rebori, Roper, Roberts,
Schmitz, Stange, Studebaker, Tong, Thomas, L. Young,
[In the following list may be found the names of those
students who have given entire satisfaction in all their
classes during the month past]
Messrs. Arnold, J. Browne, Bell, Bailey, T. Clarke, G.
Clarke, Cleary, Donahue, Otis, Orrick, Gray, Solon, Zahm,
W. Schofield, Kuhn, E. McGorrisk, W. McGorrisk, McDer-
mott, Fleming, McIntyre, Tracey, O’Connor, Walsh, T.
Flynn, J. Falvey, Farrell, Ewing, Johnson, H. Porter, C.
Masters Berthelet, Beall, Cummings, Coad, Curran,
Chirhart, Chaves, C. Campau, P. Campau, Ryan Dever-
eux, J. Devereux, W. Devine, A. Devine, l5irksmeyer,
Devitt, Dwenger, Fehr, Frain, F. Garrity, Graham, G.
Gibson, P. Gibson, Hewitt, Hynes, Hopkins, Johnson, A.
Kelly, J. Kelly, J. T. Kelly, J. J. McGrath, J. McGrath, E.
McGrath, JMcCawley, Masi, C. Metz, Nash, J. Nester, F.
Nester, Norfolk, O’Connor, F. Otis, A. Otis, Powell, Piatt,
W. Prindiville, D. Prindiville, G. Price, E. Price, Peters,
Quinlin, Rose, Rebori, Roper, Roberts, Schmitz, Stange,
Sommer, Tong, Thomas, Vosburgh, Walsh, Welch, Whit-
ney, Winsor, C. Y oung, Studebaker, Pick.
List of Excellence.
[The students mentioned in this list are those who have
been the best in the classes of the course named — accord-
ing to the competitions, which are held monthly — D i-
rector of Studies.]
Moral Philosophy — Messrs. Donohue, Zahm, O’Con-
nor; Latin — Messrs. Zahm, O’Connor, Orrick, Donohue;
Greek— Messrs. O’Connor, _ Bailey, Otis, Gray; English
Composition — Messrs. McEniry, Fishburne, Heffernan ;
Rhetoric — Messrs. Cleary, Johnston; English Literature
— McIntyre ; Criticism — Quinn ; Algebra — Messrs. Flem-
ing, Cleary, H. Porter; Geometry — Messrs. Morse, C.
Porter, H. Porter, Johnston; Trigonometry — Messrs. Mc-
Eniry, Gallagher; Surveying — Messrs. Kuhn, Fleming,
Bell ; General Geometry and Calculus — Anderson ; ' Ana-
lytical Mechanics — Orrick; Astronomy — Orrick; Physi-
ology — Messrs'. Ewing, Fleming; Botany — Messrs. Zahm.
McDermott; Zoology — Otis; Physics — Messrs. Orrick.
Zahm; Geology— Orrick ; Mineralogy — Messrs. McDer-
mott, VanDuzen ; Chemistry — Messrs. Kuhn, Zahm ; His •
tory— Messrs. Otis, McIntyre, Solon, Eaton, Fleming, Mc-
Gordon, E. Fenlon, T. Fenlon, Conway, Cleary, Healy, II.
Porter, Anderson, O’Reilly.
—The names of Messrs. Ball, Kerndt, and Fishburne
were omitted from the List of Excellence last week.
THE NOTkE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
One Mile West of Notre Dame University.
—The Gregorian Chant of this festive season
is rendered with beautiful effect by the young la-
dies who form St. Mary’s Gregorian Society.
— At the High Mass, on the 16th inst., Rev.
Father Walsh, C. S. C., President of Notre Dame
College, gave a grand sermon on the sublimest
of miracles, viz., the Catholic Church.
— Among the visitors at the Academy during
the week were Miss Catharine Young, graduate
of ’72, and the Misses Hutchison, Gavan and
Thompson, former pupils of St. Mary’s.
— Easter Monday was devoted to recreation and
pleasant social reunions. Very many beautifully-
decorated Easter eggs and cards were given and
received. The pupils of the Art department
showed great skill and good taste in the ornamen-
tation of Easter gifts for their loved ones at home.
— Visitors at the Academy during the week
were: Miss C. Gavan, Lafayette, Ind.; Mr. and
Mrs. J. M. Coleman, Washington, D. C.; Mr. M.
Coleman, and Mrs. Margaret Coleman, Washing-
ton, D. C.; Mr. M. Malone}'-, Washington, D. C.;
Mr. Wm. Smith, Watertown, Wis.; Mrs. Ducey,
Muskegon, Mich.; Mrs. I. and M. Lonergan,
Chicago, 111.; Hon. E. G. Fuller, Marysville, Cal.
— At the weekly Academic reunion, on Sunday
evening, the following young ladies entertained
those present by reading as follows : Selection from
Cardinal Manning, read by Miss Rasche; Selec-
tion from Cowper, read by Miss N. Galen; an
original essay, read. by Miss A. Cavenor, and a
humorous selection read by Miss Claffey. The ap-
preciative attention of the audience, and the kind'
encomiums of Very Rev. Father General, gave
great encouragement to the young elocutionists
and the essayist, Miss N. Galen. •
— On Easter Monday, the venerable Mr. and
Mrs. James Fenlon, of Leavenworth, Kansas, who
now reside in St. Joseph’s Cottage, near St. Mary’s
Academy, celebrated their golden wedding. This
occasion was rendered very joyful by the presence
of very many of the immediate descendants of the
venerable couple, viz., Mrs. A. Fenlon Blaine and
two daughters, from Helena, Montana T er. ; Mrs.
E. Fenlon and two daughters, Mr. T. B. Fenlon,
daughter and two sons, and Mr. J. R. Fenlon,
Leavenworth, Kansas, and Misses I. and M. Loner-
gan, of Chicago, 111. Mrs. McGonigle, and two
daughters, of Leavenworth, Kansas, were also
present by special invitation. After dinner, the
whole party went to the vocal room of the Aca-
demy and were entertained with vocal and instru-
mental music by the pupils, Misses Galen, Fen-
drick, Reilly and Kate Fenlon. Mrs. Fenlon
Blaine and her nieces, the Misses Lonergan, then
delighted all present by their sweet singing. The
whole affair was a most pleasing episode in the rou-
tine of the Academy.
(Selections from “Rosa Mystica” and “St.
Mary’s Chimes,” monthly MS. papers edited by
the young ladies of the Senior Department.)
Complaint of the Left Hand Against
Out through the open window, across the dark
evergreen, to where the blue sky is visible, through
the maple boughs, all covered with the red
buds of spring, my thoughts followed my sight.
Watching the white clouds chasing each other is
conducive to day-dreaming, so it was not long till
a voice attracted my attention. It seemed to come
from my left hand, which had been serving as a
prop for my chin, addressed itself to my right,
which rested idly on the open book before me.
“ Listen to me you shall,” it said ; “ for years we
have labored together, and no complaint have I
uttered ; now I shall speak on behalf of the whole
aggrieved class to which I belong. Ever since
the fall of Adam, human justice, aided by Divine
inspiration, has sought to make wise laws to regu-
late the affairs of men; but none of these redress
our grievances. What difference is made between
the eyes? they both weep, both enjoy, both mirror
gladness, subdued sorrow, and different states of
the soul. And the ears, one does not convey all
harsh sounds, and disagreable intelligence, while
the other enjoys only the agreeable.
“But are the hands ever equal in all things?
They often labor together, ’tis true, but are they
honored in like manner? You are the chosen in-
strument of the brain, the prompt servant of the
imagination. You transcribe rich thoughts from -
the mind of genius — thus making them tangible
to the whole world, and earning for yourself a
share in the author’s fame. . You seize the artist’s
brush, and transfer to the canvas vivid pictures
created in his imagination, which shall immortal-
ize his name. You grasp the hand of friendship,
for it is an affront, forsooth, that the left hand
should express the sentiments of the heart. You are
raised to invoke the blessing of God. Should any
one slight this rule, he would be considered igno-
rant, or at least forgetful. But, to conclude with
the most grievous of my wrongs, you have always
claimed the right of sealing contracts, and you
never consult me, though in many cases our mu-
tual liberty is sacrificed, and, of course, we must
share the sufferings.
« Now, speak; but it is useless to urge in your de-
fence, from scriptural authority, ‘ Let not your
left hand know what your right hand doth,’ for
that would only add to my aggravation, and even
in heaven the distinction is made, for it is written,
‘ He sitteth at the Right Hand of God.’ ”
In conciliatory tone, the counsel for the other
side began.' “ Granting a few of your accusations
the merit of truthfulness, they may all be somewhat
palliated when you remember that the prefer-
ence shown our class is simply a matter of custom.
Then upon reminding you of our grand honor
which we share equally, you may agree that it
' 49 s
THE ko'TkE DAME sciioLAsflc.
counterbalances all your deprivations. I speak of
man’s grandest prerogative. Listen to a word-
picture drawn from daily life, partly by the pen
from which always flowed noble and beautiful
thoughts, framed in most exquisite language. It
is the hour of the daily Sacrifice, the venerable
priest approaches the altar, joins his hands and
prays for all God’s people. And the beams of the
morning sun come in at the windows of the
church and fall for a moment into the uncovered
chalice and glance there as if among precious
stones, with a restless, timid gleaming, and the
priest sees it and the light seems to vibrate into his
own heart, quickening his faith and love.
“ A moment latex-, and it is the time of the Eleva-
tion — the silent worshippers bend in adoi-ation at
the sound of the tinkling bell, and see, the venera-
ble priest raises the Saci-ed Host — In his right
hand? oh, no, in both! Here, in this exclusive
privilege of man, which makes him envied by the
angels, we are equal.”
Then the voice ceased, and my soul spoke.
“Peace! wrangling servants of the body. Why
seek ye the ascendancy for so short a time? Soon
your toil will be over, and, folded together above
my quiet, vacant sanctuary, the heart, you will be
forever equal.” N. G.
There is a wealth of love, of sacrifice, and of
unweai-ied devotion expressed in that one word,
“Mother.” It sounds sweetly familiar to our
*. ears; thoughts of our happiest moments come
hand in hand with the name of that “Angel of
Home.” In all the sorrows of life, and in all the
miseries which others cannot lessen, one gentle
word from the lips of mother will suffice to calm
the troubled heart. She rules over our home as
its queen, and her subjects are her children ; with
unabating zeal she works and prays for them.
Long after the little heads have sought their pil-
lows and the childish voices are silent, the mother
works. In thought she passes to future years,
when her child must, like herself, take up the bur-
den of life unsupported by a mother’s willing hands
and the frail bark which she has so long guided,
will drift, perhaps aimlessly, on the great ocean of
life, with no haven, no rest until it is anchored on
eternity’s shore. These are thoughts which fill
the mother’s mind, and do we, the gay, happy
children, understand the loving heart which
prompts them? Do we know of the sacrifices
which have purchased our happiness? Perhaps
this same unselfish, loving mother goes to her cold,
dark grave before we know her value — her only
thought after God, her children; her last prayer,
“O God, protect my children!”
Her sacred duties are performed, her work is
nobly done, and she has sought that “peace
which the world cannot give,” leaving her exam-
ples to guide the souls with which she was en-
Roll of Honor.
FOR POLITENESS, NEATNESS, ORDER, AMIABILITY, COR-
RECT DEPORTMENT, AND OBSERVANCE OF RULES.
Par Excellence — Misses Cavenor, Claffey, Galen, Han-
bury, Walsh, Clarke, Feehan, Bland, Beal, M. Campbell,
R. Fishburne, Heneberry, L. Lancaster, A. Nash, H.
Nash, Rasche, A. Price, Simms, H. Van Patten, L. Van
Patten, Edie Call, M. Fishburne, V. Reilly, Owens, Mar-
garet Price, A. Richardson, McGordon, M. Richardson,
Thompson, Chirhart, Sawyer, Wallace, Fleming, Behler,
L. English, Reutlinger, M. H. Ryan, Adderly, Clifford,
Wagner, Metzger, Newton, Green, Ives, Northrop, M.
Eldridge, M. Watson. 2d Tablet — Misses Dillon, L. Fox,
Wiley, Donnelly, Fendrick, McKenna, M. A. Ryan, E.
Shickey, Black, Etta Call, Coryell, Hackett, Legnard,
McCoy, Mary Price, Papin, Pease, Rosing, J. Reilly, Ruli-
son, Todd, Thomann, Waters, Garrity, Mulligan, B. Eng-
lish, Gavan, N. Hicks, H. Hicks, Mulvey, Smith, Pampell.
Par Excellence — Misses Ginz, C. Lancaster, Ramsey,
Spangler, Semmes, Chirhart, Coogan, Dillon, Heneberry,
O’Neill, Robertson, Chaves, Otero, Richmond, Mary Otis,
Best. 2d Tablet — Misses Clarke, Considine, Martin, Pa-
quette, Mosher, Schmidt.
Misses N. Brown, Burtis, Rigney, Sawyer, Martha Otis,
McGrath, McKenna, Campau, Haney, Barry, J- English.
Graduating Class — Misses Cavenor, Claffey, Galen,
ist Senior Class — Misses M. Clarke, Dillon, Fox,
2d Sr. — Misses M. Campbell, C. Campbell, Edie Call,
Chrischellis, Donnelly, Fendrick, R. Fishburne, L. Lan-
caster, McKenna, Ave Price, M. A. Ryan, A. Rasche, M.
Simms, Shickey, Wall.
3d Sr. — Misses Barlow, Butts, Chirhart, Casey, Etta
Call, M. Fishburne, Ginz, Keenan, C. Lancaster, Legnard,
McCoy, Mowry, Owens, Margaret Price, Mary Price, S.
Papin, C. Pease, J. Reilly, A. Richardson, M. Richardson,
Rulison, Thompson, Todd, Thomann, Simms, Waters,
ist Preparatory Class — Misses Adderly, Behler,
Clifford, L. English, Fleming, M. H. Ryan, Reutlinger,
2D Prep. — Misses M. Chirhart, Considine, Coogan, M.
Dillon, Martin, N. Hicks, Ives, M. Watson.
Jr. Prep. — Misses Ewing, Krick, J. McGrath, Papin,
1 ST JR. Class — Misses Browne, Coyne, Campau, Cas-
tanedo, E. Mattis, Richmond, Rigney. M. Schmidt, A.
Schmidt, Mary Otis, Best, Haney.
HONORABLY mentioned in the
ist Class — Misses Galen, K. Lancaster, Feehan, Bland.
2D Class — Misses A. Castanedo, J. Reilly, Campbell,
Morgan, Semmes, M. Castanedo, F. Castanedo.
3 d Class — Misses Barlow, Price, M. Clarke, Call, A.
4TH Class — Misses E. Call, Beal, M. A. Ryan, Shickey,
Donnelly, A. Nash, Owens, Ave Price, Walsh, M. Price.
5TH Class — Misses Richmond, Otero, Brown, Sawyer.
ist Class — Misses Claffey, Ginz, Behler, Chrischellis,
A. Dillon, Wagner, Thomann.
2D Class — Misses M. Fleming, Reutlinger, Butts, M.
Casey, Chirhart, Fehr.
3D Class — Misses H. Van Patten, Keenan, Todd, Call,
4TH Class, 2D Div. — Misses A. Chirhart, Mulligan,
Wallace, Northrop, Williams. M. Watson, McGrath.