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Disce quasi semper viclunis; vive quasi eras moritums. 

Vol. XV. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, APRIL 22, 1SS2. No. 32. 

A Message. 

December’s days had flown. The New Year’s feasting 
And song and laughter died upon the air ; 

But still the laggard rain-sprites in Elysium 
Disported, deaf alike to sigh or prayer. 

Across the drouth-parched fields the plows toiled slowly. 
And clamorous crows held revel in their wake ; 

The farmer viewed the scene with drooping spirits, 
Scant was the comfort he could find to take. 

The new-sown seed still in the ground lay slumbering. 
The skies seemed brazen, and frosts so severe, 

While all the croakers in the county grumbling 
Foretold by signs, and omens, “A dry Year.” 

Visions of cattle lean and worn with hunger. 

Such as disturbed the Egyptian’s dreams of yore, 

And unpaid bills, a grand and countless army, 

The threatened season as a sequence bore. 

I listened to his story, and complainings 
Of loss and want, a long unending chain. 

Of weather wisdom taught him by the trappers, 

And changing moons that failed to bring him rain. 

And then I took our grave Professor’s Annual, 

And read for him its astrologic lore 
Which told of welcome storms in February, 

And the blithe words of cheer its pages bore. 

Until he went upon his way rejoicing. 

And in due time the promised largesse came, 

When he exclaimed, “ Let us add one leaf of laurel 
Unto Professor Lyons’ wreath of fame! ’’ 

But granger-like combined, “ He is chary 
Of his good gifts; when he foretells again. 

Let dear December and stern January 
Bring to our western plains abundant rain.” 

I send his message, but though powers prophetic 
May win both fame and blessings for the seer, 

More blessed is he in scattering pearls of knowledge, 

And shining thoughts to light the passing year. 

M. A. F. 

Do not listen to those superficial minds who 
assume themselves to be profound thinkers be- 
cause, like Voltaire, they have discovered some 
difficulties in Christianity; rather, on the con- 
trary, measure your progress in philosophy by 
that of your increasing veneration for the relig- 
ion of the Gospel. — Cousin. 

Mineral Springs- 

We generally apply the name mineral springs, 
or mineral waters, only to waters which contain 
enough of foreign matter to give them a peculiar 
taste. Chemists tell us that all springs contain 
more or less mineral matter, which they obtain by 
coming in contact with different varieties of soil, 
and gathering from different strata such mineral 
substances as they may be able to dissolve. 
Hence, in regions where the nature of the soil 
is such that-it does not allow to any great extent- 
the union of the water with foreign- matter, we 
are unable to detect the properties of mineral springs. 

From analysis, mineral springs have been found 
to contain the following substances, in certain 
ratios: carbonates of potassium and soda; salts of 
magnesium, sodium and calcium; sulphates of 
alum, lime, magnesia, soda, and potash. Besides 
these, we have iodides, bromides, nitrates, silicates 
and sulphides of alkaline substances. Many of 
these compounds are kept in solution by carbonic 
acid gas, or by sulphuretted hydrogen, with which 
many of the most noted springs are charged. 

The decomposition of carbonates by some sili- 
cious matter and heat, which is said to take place in 
buried strata, is generally given as the source of the 
great amounts of carbonic acid gases which are in 
many places evolved from the earth, and, impreg- 
nating the waters filtering through it, give rise to 
acidulous springs. 

It is a noticeable fact that in Europe these springs 
or their sources are found in the vicinity of vol- 
canoes either active or recently extinct; while in the 
United States this variety of springs have their 
sources in strata which are very far removed from 
any evidence of volcanic phenomena. We must, 
therefore, infer that there are agencies at work 
too deeply hidden to manifest themselves in vol- 
canic eruptions, and which produce this carbonic 
acid so abundantly. There are a few sulphuric 
acid springs found in the western part of New 
York, and we find a number also in Canada. 

Again, the action of underground heat upon 
those buried strata which contain sulphates and 
chlorides is amply sufficient to provide for the ap- 
pearance of hydrochloric and sulphurous adds in 
springs, even without the presence of organic mat- 
ter, but this is rarely wanting. 

Mineral waters have been divided into four 
principal classes: the acidulous, of which we have 
briefly spoken, the sulphureous, saline and chaly- 

+ 8S 


beate. Sulphureous springs are easily distinguished 
on account of the sulphuretted hydrogen which 
they contain, forming the predominant ingredient, 
and by reason of which they give a very offensive 
smell. We have the white and red sulphur 
springs in Virginia, which are quite noted, and 
there is a famous sulphur spring at Aix-la-Chapelle, 
in Europe. Saline springs embrace waters of the 
greatest diversity. In this. class, chlorides are pre- 
dominant. Those which contain any great quan- 
tity of carbonates of lime or magnesia (the matter 
most often found in mineral springs) are very bit- 
ter to the taste. We might add, however, that io- 
dides and bromides are found in saline springs, but 
not frequently ; yet those which contain either of 
these, possess more curative powers than the others. 
We might cite, as an example of this class, -the fa- 
mous Saratoga Springs, in New York, probably the 
best known springs in the United States. As an 
example also we have the Seidlitz, of Bohemia. 

It might be well to mention here the Hot 
Springs of Arkansas, which are of a silicious na- 
ture. These springs deposit beautiful rock crystal, 
fine specimens of which we have here in the Uni- 
versity Museum. Chalybeate Springs are those 
which contain any salts of iron in solution. The 
taste left in the mouth after drinking from this va- 
riety resembles the taste of ink, more than anything 
else. There is a very good chalybeate spring at 
Bedford, Mass., and, I believe, there is one in Pitts- 
burgh, Penn. 

In the description of these four divisions I 
have given but a simple and rapid outline of each, 
for any one of these is itself a fruitful subject for 
study. Mineral springs are chiefly used for drink- 
ing and bathing; the warm springs, especially, for 
bathing. The Greeks and Romans were well 
acquainted with hot and warm springs. We read 
in our authors that the wealthy Romans were ac- 
customed to spend their summer months at Boise, 
which would probably correspond to our Saratoga 
springs, — that is, in point of fashion. 

Mineral springs have their value on account of 
the curative properties which they possess. Per- 
sons troubled with chronic and obscure diseases 
have very often been restored to health, or, at least, 
been greatly relieved by mineral waters, when in 
these same cases all other remedies were of no . 
avail. Some attribute this to the fact that there 
may be some matter of a mineral nature contained 
in these springs which is not yet known to chem- 
istiy. For instance, some salts of iodine and bro- 
mine have been but recently discovered, yet as com- 
ponents in mineral waters they have been success- 
ful in curing diseases for centuries. In certain 
diseases, now, doctors prescribe mineral waters 
just as they would the preparations of the apothe- 
caiy. It is said that chatybeate waters strengthen 
the stomach, and, as the expression is, “make 

We might mention many diseases which are 
cured by the different varieties of mineral springs, 
but space does not allow, and, moreover, we do 
liot mean to speak here on a medical subject. 
Man}- men of science have tried to make a substi- 

tute for mineral waters, and have obtained consid- 
erable success; but still it is found cheaper, and 
probably better, to use the real mineral water which 
nature has given us, rather than the artificial pro- 
ducts of the chemist. 

The United States abounds in mineral springs, 
but there are probably more in Colorado than in 
any other State. Here, hot and cold springs ooze 
forth within a few feet of each other, an acidulous 
near a saline, a chalybeate beside a sulphurous. W e 
must attribute this to the freaks of nature, which 
has placed the materials . for this wonder, as we 
would almost call it, in such close proximity. But 
alb goes to show us another of the innumerable 
ways in which God exercises His power. 

M. E. Doxahue. 


Never was there a gloomier period in the his- 
tory of European civilization than that which cul- 
minated in the universal anarchy and desolation 
that followed the extinction of the Roman Empire 
in the West. The colossal fabric of the Caesars 
had fallen beneath the fierce and incessant on- 
slaughts of the Northern barbarians. The fairest 
provinces of the vast empire, created by the genius, 
perseverance and triumphs of the most powerful na- 
tion of antiquity, were lurid with the fires of unciv- ^ 

ilized conquest and ensanguined with the tide of tu- 
multuous war. The ruthless victors who revelled 
amid the spoils of vanquished Rome had in their 
dire advance swept away, as with the irresistible 
flood of the Alpine torrent, the landmarks of ancient 
progress, and, moreover,- everywhere arrested the 
labors of the early pioneers of Christian civiliza- 
tion. At this crisis, when the darkness of return- 
ing paganism .lowered over the West, it pleased 
Divine Providence to raise up in the Christian 
Church an extraordinary man, who, by the exam- 
ple of his exalted virtue, should revive the spirit of 
heroic sacrifice that had peopled with countless an- 
chorets the deserts of the Thebaid, and attract in 
his footsteps an illustrious concourse of disciples, 

Avho, filled with apostolic zeal, should go forth to : 

penetrate the heart of Europe, and, planting the ! 

cross amid the grim strongholds of heathenism, 
should arrest the barbarian in his career of violence j 

and bloodshed; should subdue, regenerate, civilize ^ 

and elevate him through the influence of religion 
and culture, and refine him by the light of knowl- 
edge and the priceless blessings of Christianity. 

A young patrician, descended from the illustrious 
house of Anicius, inspired with a supernatural im- 
pulse, resolves to renounce forever the allurements 
of rank and fortune, and seek in the depths of 
some remote solitude an asylum from the dangers * 

and corruption of Roman society. He has not yet * 1 

attained his fifteenth year when, in A. D. 494, he 
secretly departs from the city, and, after a weari- 
some journey, arrives in the neighborhood of the 
desert mountains of Subiacum, situated forty miles 
distant from Rome, towards the southeast. In a 
cave amid the rocks, where the strusrsflinor waters 

J -OO O 




of the imprisoned Anio are broken into a series of 
foaming cascades, he takes up his solitary dwelling, 
and commences his life of wonderful austerity. 

The fame of Benedict’s sanctity rapidly became 
known, and numbers of the faithful penetrated in- 
to his solitude, eager to listen to his heavenly dis- 
course. Captivated by the spectacle of such -won- 
drous virtue, many craved to live under his -spir- 
itual guidance, and imitate his austerities in the he- 
roic practice of the evangelical counsels. In a few 
years his desert was peopled with twelve monas- 
teries that grew up around his lonely cell. Thither 
came postulants from every rank — noble and ple- 
beian, Roman and barbarian — to embrace the mo- 
nastic state. Thus did the desert of Subiaco be- 
come the cradle of the Benedictine institute, which 
during so many ages shed so great lustre on the 
Church and achieved such stupendous results for 
European civilization. - The innumerable saints 
and doctors and missionaries that were nurtured in 
its cloisters form the most brilliant galaxy that il- 
lumined the Christian firmament in the lapse of the 
Middle Ages, under whose pure and genial light 
the nations of Europe, reclaimed from ignorance, 
barbarism and idolatry, and gathered into the fold 
of the faith, gradually developed in political, social, 
and intellectual progress, and laid deep and solid 
the foundations of that civilization the blessings of 
which have been borne to every region of the hab- 
itable globe. 

After thirty years’ sojourn at Subiaco, St. Bene- 
dict, forced by a persecution that threatened the 
safety of many of his young disciples, withdrew to 
to Monte Cassino, where stood a sacred grove and 
temple of Apollo. Having induced the people of 
the surrounding district to abandon their idolatry, 
he erected from the debris of the temple two 
Christian oratories, around which developed the 
celebrated monastery regarded as the chief house 
of the Benedictine Order. Here the patriarch of 
the Western monks closed Iris eventful career, 21st 
March, 543. His remains were interred at. the 
foot of the altar in the oratory of St. John, where 
he expired, in the tomb which had but recently re- 
ceived the body of his sister, St. Scholastica. 

Some Recent Inventions. 

A new and useful application of the telephone 
has been the subject of experiments by a native of 
Toulon, France. He has invented a new species 
of scaphander, which permits of the utilization of 
several of the discoveries made of late years. • One 
of the faces of the helmet is made of copper, in 
which a telephone is fixed, so that the man in the 
scaphander, whilst he is working in the water, needs 
only to turn his head slightly in. order to receive 
instructions from above, or to express what he 
wishes to say. Heretofore, when divers visited a 
sunken ship, it was necessary to raise them to the 
surface — a process that was always difficult arid 
more or less dangerous — to obtain their account 
of the state of things beneath the water, and the 
instructions given them were .necessarily long and 

detailed, and they had to depend on their memory 
and intelligence. By means of the arrangement of 
which we are speaking, an engineer, or the captain 
aboard his ship, can direct the investigations better 
than he could possibly do, even if he were below 
the surface. Then, again, the diver, in case of dan- 
ger or sickness, had formerly only an alarm bell at 
his command to make known his needs. By means 
of the telephone all danger of misunderstanding is 
averted, the diver’s call for help is at once under- 
stood. The man in the scaphander no longer sim- 
ply sees, walks, breathes at the bottom of the sea, 
but he hears and speaks. The experiments of 
which we have spoken have been very successful, 
and it is the intention to attach a microphone to 
some of the scaphanders in order -to strengthen 
the voice. 

Not less useful than the preceding is the inven- 
tion of a young Roman engineer, Trajan Theo- 
doresco. He has succeeded in constructing a sub- 
marine vessel which throws into the shade all pre- 
vious inventions in this line. This vessel can nav- 
igate for twelve hours, at a hundred feet below the 
water, without once coming to the surface. The 
inventor claims that he can go to a depth of three 
hundred feet. At the surface the movement of 
the vessel is like that of ordinary steamers. The 
rapidity is not as great as in some steamers, but is 
greater than that of sailing vessels. It descends 
and performs its other motions by means of screws. 
Once beneath the surface, sufficient light is fur- 
nished to see objects within forty metres ahead, 
and the movement is so regulated as to avoid ob- 
struction. There is a supply of air for twelve 
hours, which may be renewed by means of teles- 
copic tubes without returning to the surface. The 
forward and the downward movement of the ves- 
sel are noiseless. If experiments should confirm 
all the advantages claimed for this submarine boat, 
it will be a most formidable weapon of warfare. 
But it may likewise be turned to more profitable - 
uses, in recovering lost treasures and for dredging. 
Anything that is likely to enlarge our knwoledge 
of what lies beneath the sea, or to facilitate the ac- 
quirement of its products and valuable deposits, is 
not to be slighted. 

An instance of what can be done by the aid of 
a strong will and perseverance is furnished by .a 
young man named Aloys Lorentz, a Swiss peasant. 
Under the most unfavorable circumstances, and by 
his own unaided industry and skill, he has suc- 
ceeded in making a- model of the celebrated clock 
of Strasburg, which is at present on exhibition in 
Paris, and excites general attention. During the 
siege of Strasburg, when the Prussian shells had 
set fire to the roof of the Cathedral, and it seemed 
as if the grand building was going to be destroyed, 
the boy took it into his head that he would make 
a copy of the clock. He was at that time ten years 
old and had no idea of clock-making, nor had he 
ever had a look at the machinery to be copied. 
Notwithstanding this, he set to work, and such 
was his energy that, in the space of three years, he 
had made a machine which was a good counterpart 
pf the famous clock. Singe thgji bp has greatly 


49 ° 

improved it. The young mechanic has gone to 

• Paris to exhibit his work, which had excited gen- 

* eral admiration in Strasburg. \ 

' Such a strength of will in sb young a person, 
and crowned by such success, is not an every-day 
occurrence, and we may expect to hear more 
about the youth in the future. X. Y. Z. 

Art, Music, and Literature. 

— An authorized translation by a priest, of .“Is 
Life Worth Living”? is announced in Paris. 

— Dr. Ward, formerly editor of the Dublin Re- 
view , has already published a second edition of his 
learned essay on Science, Miracles, Free-will, etc. 

— A weekly magazine, called Choice Literature , 
has undertaken to supply the place of The Library 
Magazine. It has several new and important 

— Nuntius Romanus is the title of a new period- 
ical lately begun in Rome. It will publish all En- 
cyclical Letters, decrees of the Roman Congrega- 
tions, etc. 

— Tennyson’s “All Hands Round” has been 
set to music by Stanford, an English composer. 
The sonof will become popular, it is said, because 
of the genial music. 

— The historical , writings of St. Athanasius 
have been published at Oxford, by the Clarendon 
Press. The Editor, Prof. Bright, has followed 
the Benedictine text. 

— Cardinal Manning’s recent article in the 
Nineteenth Century on the return of Mr. Brad- 
laugh to Parliament has been so much called for 
that the publishers are expected to issue a reprint of 

— We rejoice to learn that the poems of B. I. 
Durward have been collected in book form. 
Those to whom this name is unknown have yet 
to make the acquaintance of one of the best poets 
in the West. 

— Hon. Ignatius Donnelty’s learned work, “ At- 
lantis,” has excited great interest, both here and in 
England. It is now in its second edition. The 
author is a brother of Miss Eleanor C. Donnelly, 
the American Adelaide Procter. 

— M. l’Abbe Blanc has published an exposition 
and refutation of the theories of Mr. Herbert 
Spencer, entitled Les Nouvclles Bases de la Mo- 
rale. The Abbe Blanc is a Professor of Scholas- 
tic Philosophy in the Catholic University of Lyons. 

— Besides The Paper Worlds which is one of the 
best conducted and most influential trade maga- 
zines published either in this country or in Europe, 
Messrs. Clarke W. Bryan & Co., of Holyoke, 
Mass., publish The Manufacturer and Industrial 
Gazette , and The American Plumber. 

— Another English poet, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 
has disappeared from earth; his death was an- 
nounced by cable, last week. Besides being a poet 
and critic, Mr. Rossetti was a]so a painter of con- 

siderable note, and for nearly forty' years one of 
the active spirits of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. 

— The Ave Maria will contain next week the 
initial chapter of a new story by Madame Augus- 
tus Craven, author of “ A Sister’s Story,” “ Anne 
Severin,” and other popular works. The transla- 
tion is by Lady Georgiana Fullerton. It will be 
published simultaneously in London and America. 
The story is entitled “ Eliane.” t 

— Prof. George Washington Greene, for many 
years an intimate friend of Mr. Longfellow, and 
the one to whom he dedicated “Ultima Thule” 
and his translation -of the Divina Commedia , will 
write the poet’s biography. Mr. Greene an- 
nounces that the family letters have all been 
placed at his disposal. 

— In regard to the controversy as to the author 
of “The Imitation,” Mr. Edmund Waterton has 
written to Notes and Queries that “ the numerous 
contemporary witnesses who have deposed, be- 
yond all possibility of doubt or refutation, and at a 
time when the authorship was never disputed, 
that Thomas a Kempis was the author, form .an 
obstacle that cannot be got over.” 

— Mr. Beresford Hope, M. P., is selling a por- 
tion of his celebrated library. Among the treas- 
ures with which he is parting are some fine illu- 
minated manuscripts, including Beda’s “Exposi- 
tion of St. Luke,” described as very beautiful. It 
was written by a Spanish scribe for Ferdinand of 
Castile. Also copies of the first edition of the 
“ Biblia Polyglotta,” published by Cardinal Xim- 
enez; the first edition of Homer, in Greek; “Cice- 
ronis Epistolae,” printed in 1470; Colgani “Acta 
Sanctorum Hibemiae”; “ Lyra Postillas,” . printed 
in 1471-72; first edition of Plato, in Greek; Cardi- 
nal Pole’s excessively rare “ Ecclesiastic® Unitatis 
Defensio,” which so infuriated Henry VIII;’ and 
Description de PEgypte, nine vols. (the great work 
executed by order of Napoleon I). 

Scientific Notes. 

— The death was reported by cable, yesterday, 
of Charles R. Darwin, the well-known English 
scientist and author. 

— The transit of Venus on the 6th of December 
will be observed on behalf of the F rench Govern- 
ment .by eight expeditions at the following points : 
The French Antilles, the coast of Patagonia, 
Santa Cruz, Chabuth, Chili, Cuba, coast of Flor- 
ida, and the coast of Mexico. Astronomers antic- 
ipate that this occasion will enable them to deter- 
mine, with an accuracy never before attained, the 
distance of the earth from the sun. 

— The new material known as leatherette is be- 
ing brought into use in numerous mechanical and 
ornamental applications. It is so perfect an imita- 
tion of leather that people are utterly unaware 
that they are handling something other than leather 
itself, and its serviceable nature renders the detec- 
tion still more difficult. For all uses to which it 
has been applied, the article is said to have proved 


49 * 

nearly, if not quite, equal in serviceableness to 
natural leather. — N. T. Sun. 

— Spiders are one of the great obstacles to te- 
legraphers in Japan. Filling the trees along the 
lines, these insects spin their webs between the 
(earth, the wires, the posts, insulators and the trees. 
'When these webs become wet with dew they 
(Constitute a good conductor, and the lines are found 
;to be in connection with the earth. The only 
! method of obviating this inconvenience is by em- 
rploying brooms of bamboo to brush away the webs. 
jBut, as the spiders are more active than the work- 
imen employed in this work, the difficulty is not 
■the less serious. 

— Deaths from diptheria, typhus fever, and other 
■fatal diseases caused by poisonous sewer and other 
; gases, have been so numerous of late, that at a 
.recent meeting of the Academy of Medicine, 
<of New York, this peril was discussed by Profs. 
; Fordyce, Barker and others, illustrated by some 
: remarkable experiments made by Prof. Doremus, 
I by which it was demonstrated how the densest 
rstone walls are easily penetrated by these gases. 
‘The suggestions made by Prof. Doremus for puri- 
fying water-closets and replacing fatal gases with 
•ozone by the expenditure of a few cents on chlo- 
rine, chloride of zinc, bromine, or some other 
(equally potent disinfectant, were listened to with 
rgreat interest. 

— Sir Isaac Newton wrote a' book on the 
Prophet Daniel and another on the Apocalypse of 
.‘St. John, in one of which he says that, according 
•.to certain prophecies, before a certain period 
■ of time has passed, there would be a species of 
travelling of which the men of his day had no 
ridea; that the knowledge of mankind would have 
:so increased that a means of travelling over ten 
-geographical miles in an hour would be discov- 
ered. Voltaire, who scouted the idea of the di- 
vine inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, attacked 
'Newton on this, saying: “Consider that mighty 
•genius, Newton, the discoverer of the law of grav- 
itation, and who revealed to us mysteries of na- 
ture that fill us with wonder. When he had grown 
•old and childish he began to study the book they 
•call the Bible, and in his opinion, if we accept its 
-fabulous nonsense as true, we must believe that 
the day will come when people can travel ten 
geographical miles in an hour! The poor old 
fool!” Poor fool ! — Ave Maria. 

College Gossip. 

— The death is reported of the Rev. Father Van 
Impe, rector of St. Xaviers’s College, Calcutta. 
He was a man of great learning and of holy life. 
May he rest in peace! 

— Student (not very clear in his lesson)— “ That’s 
what the author says, anyway.” Professor — “I 
don’t want the author, I want you.” Student 
(despairingly) — “Well, you’ve got me.” 

— Jt js said that this country is indebted to Rich.- 

ard Storrs Willis, more than to any other person, 
for the introduction of college songs, having taught, 
the Yale students the Latin song Gaudeamus , 
which he had learned in the German universities. 
—Boston Star. 

— A new version of Virgil’s HZneid, entitled 
“Dido and yEneas,” by Mr. Owen Wester, a Har- 
vard graduate, was recently presented at the Madi- 
son Square Theatre, New York. The critics speak 
very favorably of the author’s work and its pres- 
entation on the stage. 

— Professor Barff, of Beaumont College, ex- 
plained, before a meeting of the London Society of 
Arts, the results of some chemical experiments in 
connection with the preservation of food. The 
discovery, it is said, has already been tested at 
Beaumont College, with excellent results. 

— A recent number of The Pictorial World , 
for which we have to thank a friend in London,' 
contains portraits of the Oxford and Cambridge 
crews. The young fellows appear very muscular, 
and look as if they would be more likely to suc- 
ceed in boat-racing than in intellectual contests. 

— English colleges have no students’ publications; yet 
England is said to have 1,300 colleges. — Vanderbilt Ob- 

This is a mistake; a periodical is published by 
the students -of the famous Jesuit College, at Stony- 
hurst. We have never seen it, but we remember 
reading a notice of it, not long ago, in one of our 
English papers. 

— How dear to my heart is the school I attended. 

And how I remember, so distant and dim, 

That red-headed Bill, and the pin that I bended 
And carefully put on the bench under him ! 

And how I recall the surprise of the master 
When Bill gave a yell, and sprang up with the pin 
So high that his bullet head busted the plaster 
Above, and the scholars all setup a grin. 

That active boy, Billy, that high-leaping Billy I 
That loud-shouting Billy that sat on a pin! 

— San Francisco News Letter. 

— Premier Gladstone, in the course of an ad- 
dress to the pupils of Harrow School, which he 
lately visited in company with Princess Louise, 

“ Strive now in the days of your youth to estimate aright 
the precious hours and the precious opportunities that are 
offered to you. The old are melted by sympathy as •well 
as by admiration and by hope when, standing in the pres- 
ence of the young, they reflect how much of the future 
lies in the form of seed now before them, — how much will 
be contributed by you, who are now assembled, in the 
years of your future life to the happiness or misery of 
mankind l For God’s sake, my young friends, let not these 
precious hours pass away unused. You never can fully 
appreciate these opportunities until they have becomp 
tilings of the past, but there is no usurer who ever drew the 
mpst extravagant profit from his hoards whose profits 
could be compared for one moment to the results you will 
reap if you have wisdom and grace now, in the time 
of your boyhood and youth, to extract from your hours 
and your days and your years the fruit they are capable of 
yielding. May you lose none of it! may every one of you 
manfully discharge the duty that God has given into his 
hands, and thereby alike fulfil his own happy destiny, and 
maintain the name and fame of the school to which you 
are fondly attached ! ” (Loud cheers.) 

We are glad to re-echo the learned Premier’s 
manly utterances on this $ide of the Atlantic. - 

49 2 


IVoti'e Daine, April S3, 1 883. 

The attention of the Alumni of the University of Notre 
Dame and others, is called to the fact that the NOTRE 
DAME SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the Fif- 
teenth year of its existence, and presents itself anew as a 
candidate for the favor and support of the -many old friends 
that have heretofore lent it a helping hand. 


choice Poetry, Essays, and the current Art, Musical Lit- 
erary and Scientific Gossip of the day. 

Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects 
connected with the University of Notre Dame. 

Personal gossip concerning the whereabouts and the suc- 
cess of former students. 

All the weekly local news of the University, including 
the names of those who have distinguished themselves 
during the week by their excellence in class and by their 
general good conduct. 

Students should take it; parents should take it; and, 
above all, 

Old Students should take it. 

Terms , . jo -per Annum. Postpaid. . 


Notre Dame, Indiana. 

If a subscriber fails to receive the Scholastic regularly he trill confer a 
favor by sending ns notice immediately, each time. Those -who may have 
missed a number, or numbers, and wish to have the* complete volume for 
binding, can have hack numbers of the current volume by applying for 
them. In all snch cases, early application should be made at the office of 
publication, as, usually, but few copies in excess of the subscription list are 

The Editors of the Scholastic always will be glad to receive informa- 
tion concerning former students and graduates of the University. 

— Very Rev. Edward Sorin, C. S. C., the vener- 
able founder of Notre Dame, took his departure on 
Thursday morning for Paris, whence he will pro- 
ceed to Rome on business of the Congregation of the 
Hoty Cross, of which he is the Superior-General. 
This will make the thirty-ninth time he has crossed 
the ocean. We unite with his numerous friends 
and spiritual children on both sides of the Atlantic 
in wishing him a prosperous voyage and safe re- 
turn to the United States. 

— Special attention, has been paid of late years 
at Notre Dame to the study of History, and every 
assistance and encouragement has been held out to 
the students to acquire a thorough knowledge of 
this most- important branch. It gives us sincere 
pleasure to notice that the efforts of the Faculty 
are beginning to be appreciated and seconded by- 
the friends of the University from without. 

The generous donor of one of the medals for 
Christian Doctrine, whose name we are not at' 
liberty to mention, but who cannot prevent us from 
saying that he is one of the most zealous . and ef- 
ficient clergymen in the diocese of Fort Wayne, 
has kindly offered to present another for the 
Course of History. In this respect, as iii many 
others, we would like to hold up the reverend 
gentleman as a model, and we trust that the ex- 
ample which hp lias set wjl] fjjqd many imitators. 

— It was stated in one of our exchange notes 
some weeks ago, on the authority of the London 
Universe , that the notorious Gavazzi had been ar- 
rested in France for some, heinous crime, and sen- 
tenced to thirteen months’ imprisonment. Having 
received a letter from Rome, this week, informing 
us that he has not been absent from the city all 
winter, we hasten to correct our statement, and it 
affords us sincere satisfaction to do so. We do not 
rejoice over the downfall of anyone, nor do we 
wish to spread false reports. Poor Gavazzi had 
fallen low enough ah ead}’ - in our estimation. The 
public at large has scant respect for “converted, 
priests ” nowadays, and they generally receive, 
sooner or later, the contempt the}* so richly merit. 
We once heard an Episcopalian clergyman say* 
that he looked upon an apostate Catholic priest as 
the very personification of insincerity. The mis- 
take in regrard to Gavazzi occurred on account of 
a similarity of names, the culprit, being a minister, 
named Gavazzi, from .England, it is said. 

- — Those who know anything about “the art 
preservative of all arts.” are aware that it is next 
to impossible to avoid occasional typographical 
errors. A proof may be corrected with all the 
care imaginable, but this is no guarantee that mis- 
takes will not appear in the printed sheet. Blun- 
ders are often made in correcting blunders; then, 
again, in the process of “ locking- up ” the -forms, 
types may drop out or be misplaced, while in the 
course of printing they may be “ mashed ” or fail 
to “work up.” Considering the hurry in which 
daily and weekly papers are generally “set up” 
and printed, the wonder is, not that typographical 
errors are frequent, but that they are not more 
frequent. In monthly, quarterly, and especially 
yearly publications, we have a right to expect 
comparative typographical perfection, for the rea- 
son that there is generally abundant time in which 
to do the mechanical work and to correct what 
may be discovered amiss. We are very often dis- 
appointed in our expectations, and this only proves 
the truth of the statement that there is no such thing 
as absolutely perfect typography'.' Only two . or 
three of the millions of books published in this 
country can claim to be faultless as regards the 
printing. Such books are rarities. It is there- 
fore the greatest folly to make an ado over the 
little mistakes that are met with in daily and 
weekly papers. A reader or writer may reason- 
ably complain of frequent, serious blunders, and 
such as bear evidence frima facie of wanton care- 
lessness or incapacity on the part of printer or 
proof-reader; but to carp at every little slip of 
printing is a sure proof, among other things, of a 
fault-finding disposition. 

— Students are aware that their class-standing 
at the end of the session, and consequently their 
chances for medals, premiums and honorable men- 
tions depend on the monthly competitions "in the 
different courses. Four of these competitions will 
be held in each course during the present session, 



and those who cherish ambitious longing's know 
by this time on what sort of foundation their hopes 
are laid. We trust that this knowledge will en- 
courage those who have been fortunate enough to 
hold the first places to continue their efforts, and 
will spur on the unsuccessful to renewed exertions. 
“A fair field and no favor” is what we all like to 
see : there can be. no fairer test of merit than the 
written competitions, and the best men cannot 
help winning. 

The last competition of the series is by far the 
most important. As it is only right that premiums 
and medals should, as far as possible, fall to the 
lot of those who are most proficient at the end of 
the term, the last competition — which is the truest 
criterion of the relative proficiency of students 
at this time — counts for three. In this manner, 
those who have made most progress during the 
session are the favored ones, — as indeed they ought 
to be, — while, at the same time, the claims of those 
whose class-standing at any time during the ses- 
sion has been satisfactory are not overlooked. 

It is rumored that a “ new departure ” will take 
place this year in the manner of deciding to whom 
the Commercial Medal shall be awarded. There 
are many Commercial Classes in which Seniors 
and Juniors are- taught separately, — in fact, Book- 
keeping, Commercial Law and Telegraphy are the 
only Courses attended- in common by students of 
both departments. The duties assigned at the sep- 
arate competitions have generally been different 
heretofore, and the class-standing of Seniors and 
Juniors, and consequently their, claims to the Medal, 
have been decided by the percentage given them 
in their respective classes. It is now proposed to 
modify this system, to a certain extent, by the in- 
troduction of a special competition for the students 
of both departments, and we think the suggestion 
a valuable one. 

— There are few institutions, if any, more im- 
portant to a nation than the system of education 
adopted and aided by the State. That which cul- 
tivates the intellect and exercises a great influence 
on the formation of the character of -its future cit- 
izens, is deservedly considered by every civilized 
Government as worthy of most serious considera- 
tion. Any system of education which is univer- 
sally adopted by a State, it is plain, ought to be fa- 
vorable to all classes of the community. An edu- 
cation which is opposed to the convictions or feel- 
ings of a large number of citizens, cannot be called 
national, and should not be forced on them. Legisla- 
tures assert that, as the end of legislation is the good 
of society, they are bound to secure all lawful means 
which contribute to it; and that, as a certain de- 
gree of knowledge is necessary, they are bound 
to adopt a system of national education to provide 
it. Most certainly it is the right of every State to 
secure a certain degree of intelligence in its citizens, 
but to attain this end it is not necessary to adopt a 
system of education which is opposed to the prin- 
ciples of a large portion of the community. Any 
system which provides the required degree of edu- 

cation ought, therefoi-e, to be perfectly acceptable 
to the legislative body. - 

In this country there exists a fear that such a 
plan would be aiding some sect or religious creed. 
But if the State were to permit what has been de- 
nominated the “ Payment by Results,” it would 
not be aiding any particular religious creed, while 
it would afford all that the State has a right to 
claim. “ Payment by Results ” means that a num- 
ber of parents, or others, may organize a school, 
appoint teachers, pupils and school to be subject to 
State inspectors; the salaries of the teachers to be 
paid by the Government, and determined according 
to the number of children attaining a standard of 
knowledge fixed by the State.- Under such a 
system the State would not be assisting any par- 
ticular sect, nor paying teachers for merely pass- 
ing so many hours in a class-room. It would 
only be securing a general attainment of that 
standard of secular knowledge fixed by itself. It 
is difficult to conceive of a system of education 
which would contribute more to the improvement 
of our schools. Were a teacher to be paid only 
for such pupils as he brings to a determined standard 
of knowledge, and not for a mere routine discharge 
of his duties, it would be his interest to bring all the 
pressure he could on the young to learn. The com- 
petition between such schools and those at present 
in existence would have a most beneficial effect on 
our national education. Competition, which .has 
done so much for every branch of trade and iri : 
dustry, would not fail to bring out all the zeal and 
energy of teachers, if it were once fairly incorpor- 
ated into our system of education. 


— A new college paper comes to us this week 
from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. It 
is called the Observer. Welcome! 

— The visits of the Harvard Daily Herald , 
since its Easter suspension, are more welcome than 
ever. There are few of our exchanges with 
which we should be more sorry to part company. 
If we were publishing a daily college paper, it 
would be our endeavor to have it include all 
the characteristics of the Herald , which is a credit 
alike to its editors and the institution which it rep- 

— The Catholic Review , having completed the 
first decade of its prosperous career as a high-toned 
family newspaper, the publishers, Messrs. P. V. 
Hickey & Co., have enlarged the paper and 
brought it out in a complete new dress of type, 
paper, etc. It is now handsomely printed on 
sized and calendered paper, and is quite attractive in 
appearance. The new type is larger than the old, 
but as the size of the paper has been proportion-, 
ately increased there is no diminution of reading- 
matter. The marked improvement in appearance 
cannot fail to be appreciated, and we augur, for 
the Review a greater success in its new form. 
Prominent among other improvements in the 



reading' matter, is a column of well-written book 
notices which, we think, materially enhances the 
value of this interesting periodical. 

— South Bend leads the world in the matter of 
wagons, carriages, and farm implements in general, 
and our friend A. B. Miller, editor of The Farm- 
er's Friend , seems determined to add no little to 
South Bend’s fame as an emporium for the farm- 
ers of the United States. The last issue of The 
Farmer's Friend must have been the largest of 
any paper ever printed in Indiana. It consisted 
of 200,000 copies. The paper for the edition 
would make a pile 1 14 feet high and 30x22 inches 
in length and breadth. Folded into the 15x22 
inch folds, the pile would he 228 feet high, or 8 
feet higher than the Bunker Hill Monument! 
Mr. Miller says February has been a good month 
for the publishers in the way of subscriptions. 
We wish him and The Farmer's Friend success, 
and hope he may double the pile before Decem- 
ber. Although a large 8-page paper, the price of 
subscription is only 50 cents a year. Address, the 
Farmer’s Friend Publishing Co., South Bend, 

— The April number of The Ccecilia is, like all 
those preceding it that we have seen, replete with 
interesting matter relating to church music. The 
Ccecilia has been, from its inception, under the edi- 
torial management of Prof. John Singenberger, 
President of the American branch of the Cecilia 
Society, and is published by F. Pustet & Co., of 
New York, — a sufficient guarantee that both in 
matter and the manner of presenting it the paper 
is all that could be desired. The fact of its be- 
ing printed half in English and half in German 
is a great deprivation for simply English readers. 
We think that in the present advanced stage of the 
Cecilian movement an English edition of The 
Ccecilia should meet with sufficient encourage- 
ment in this country and in Europe, and tend to 
give greater publicity to the principles of the re- 
form. Among other matters of interest in the 
April number is the programme of the 8th Gen- 
eral Convention of the American Csecilia Society, 
to be held in Philadelphia, on the 22d, 23d, and 
24th of August next. The Concerts will he given 
in St. Peter’s Church. Besides the usual amount 
of eminent talent from various quarters, the 
choirs of the Church of the Holy Redeemer, 
New York, and St. James’s choir, Baltimore, will as- 
sist the choir of St. Peter’s. The following is a list 
of the composers given in the programme, the figures 
denoting the number of selections from each : Pales- 
trina, 5; Rev. F. Witt (Founder of the German Ce- 
cilia Society, and President), 8; Rev. M. Haller, 5 ; 
Piel, 4; Stehle, 3 ; Vittoria,* 2 ; Greith, 2; Singen- 
berger, 2; Rev. F. Konen; Rev. F. Schmidt; 
Aiblinger; Schaller; Sautner; Anerio*; Ver- 
done*; Vechi *; Berchem *; Ett; Birkler; Ort- 
wein. Those marked with a star were contem- 
poraries of the renowned Palestrina, and followers 
of his school, and are all of the sixteenth century. 
The others, with one or two exceptions, are 
of our own time, composers of eminent talent, 

who devote themselves to the production and en- 
couragement of music suitable to the august cere- 
monies of the Church. In the present connection 
we would say to those who do not properly under- 
stand the Cecilian movement that it is simply a 
following of the footsteps of the renowned Pales- 
trina, so far as this is possible ; and as the composi- 
tions of that great composer are beyond the capa- 
bility of ordinary choirs, the Cecilian composers, 
of modern times have endeavored to give composi- 
tions of the Palestrina school that will suit various, 
requirements — the chief object being to exclude 
music of a frivolous nature or odorous of profane 
associations, and to replace it with compositions 
specially prepared for the Church. The words of 
encouragement given the Society by the Provincial 
Councils of Baltimore and Cincinnati will, no doubt, 
result in a new impulse to the Cecilian movement 
and to all interested in the subject of liturgical 
Church music. 


— Eugene Seibert, of ’75, is practising law in 
Cincinnati. His office is on 3d street. 

— Charles H. Muhler, of ’52, resides in Fort 
Wayne, Ind., where he is superintendent of an ex- 
tensive manufactory of tin ware and galvanized 
iron trimmings. 

— Messrs. Joseph P. Fenlon (Commercial), of 
’64, and James Fenlon, of ’65, both of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, have been here on a visit to their 
venerable and worthy parents, whose golden jubi- 
lee was joyously celebrated on Easter Monday. 

— Rt. Rev. Richard Gilmour, D. D., of the 
diocese of Cleveland, will visit Rome during the 
early summer. We hope to see him here before 
he takes his departure. The Rt. Rev. Bishop is 
well known at Notre Dame, and has many warm 
friends and admirers here. 

— W e are glad to learn from the Daily States- 
man , Austin Texas, that two former teachers of 
Notre Dame, Rev. Father John Lauth, and B. 
Alban, C. S. C., are conducting a very successful 
Academy in that city. The Statesman says : 
“ The last examination at St. Edward’s Academy 
proved that . thoroughness had been exacted in 
every branch.” 

— The following list of recent visitors is from 
the College register: A. D. Tourtillotte, Toledo, 
Ohio.; Mrs. O’Neill, and Mrs. Heneberry, Peoria, 
111 .; Mrs. Metz, Chicago, 111.; Mr. and Mrs. Fal- 
vey, Winamac, Ind. ;• Andrew Cummings, Chicago, 
111.; Mrs. Hackett, Watertown, Wis.; Mr. Wm. 
Devine, Chicago, 111.; John Price, Fairmount, 
Neb.; George Nester, East Saginaw, Mich.-; Mr. 
and Mrs. Coleman, M. Coleman, and M. Maloney, 
Washington, D. C.; Cayetano C. Becerra, Mexico;. 
John J. Crotty, Seneca, 111.; Mrs. Thos. Ryan, 
Topeka, Kansas; Mr. P. F. Ryan, De Witt, Iowa; 
Mr. and Mrs. Kerndt, Lansing, Mich,; Harry H, 
McCord} Cincinnati, Ohio, 



Local Items. 

— Double windows are disappearing all round. 

— Only two months more before Commence- 

— That $1.50 is still unclaimed; in fact, it is gen- 
erally repudiated. 

— W. H. Yander Hayden has taken the place 
vacated by D. Corry in the boat crew. 

— To-morrow is the anniversary of the big fire, 
and the birthday of Mr. Wm. Shakspeare. 

— We had a pleasant call from Rev. Father 
Oechtering, of Mishawaka, on Monday last. 

— There is an editorial this week on competi- 
tions and the Commercial Medal, to which attention 
is directed. 

— The entertainment to have been given by the 
Scientific Association last Wednesday is announced 
for to-night. 

— The Minims had a banquet, on Thursday, in 
honor of the laying of the corner-stone of their 
new building: 

— The display of the Aurora Borealis, last Sun- 
day night, was very brilliant, and continued till past 
eleven o’clock. 

— Prof. Gregori and the Rev. Professor of 
Greek are preparing elaborate costumes for the 
“ Captives ” and “ CEdipus.” 

— Mr. J. Francis Smith is executing in oil, for 
Columbian Hall, miniature portraits of all the Pres- 
idents of the United States. 

— The Literary Entertainment, to be given by 
the Columbian Association, promises to be ex- 
tremely interesting and creditable. 

— Some reports of societies handed in late, and a 
number of local items, are crowded out. W e hold 
to our rule. First in, first printed. 

— Football is not so popular as it was. Baseball 
is now “ all the go,” and even “ the Iowa giant ” 
and the poetical Holmes take part in it. 

— The one who lost a sum of money in the 
College, last week, can recover it by applying to 
B. Francis de Paul, at the printing-office. 

— A little Indian boy, from Pokegon, was bap- 
tized last week, by Rev. Father Granger. The 
godmother’s euphonius name is Shepohaquan. 

— The “servers” took a trip to St. Joseph’s 
Farm on Thursday. The weather was not very 
favorable, but we believe they had a very pleasant 
time notwithstanding. 

— A pocket-knife was recently left in the Music 
Hall, and so far no one has called for it. The 
owner can have his property by applying to the 
Prefect of the Music Hall. 

— There will be a musical soiree , under the di- 
rection of Prof. Paul, Wednesday evening, in the 
Rotunda. There is a good programme, and a very 
pleasant time may be expected. 

— Among the best target-shots of the week were 
J. O’Neill, E. Eager — he was eager to do his best, 

and so succeeded — [let it pass this time] W. V un- 
der Hayden, H. Steis, M. Falvey, and W. Bryant. 

— We are very grateful to Mr. Eliot Ryder, of 
the Boston Star, for an excellent cabinet photo- 
graph of the lamented author of “Evangeline.” 
It is the best likeness of the poet we have ever 

— The Scholastic, always good and instructive 
to its readers, interested in practical educational 
wants and literary news, promises, with its new- 
dress, to be more attractive than ever. — Catholic 

— Mr. Samuel T. Spalding, of Lebanon, Ky., 
has the thanks of Prof. Edwards for a fine old 
grandfather’s clock, one of the genuine “ old- 
timers,” used by the descendants of the Maryland 

— The Juniors, accompanied by B. Thomas, en- 
joyed a long walk through the picturesque valley 
of St. Joseph’s River, last Sunday afternoon, and 
returned with keen appetites just as the bell rang 
for supper. . - 

— The Scholastic, of Notre Dame, Ind., 
comes to us in a new dress and otherwise much 
improved. Good taste and a firm hand show 
themselves already in the pages of our bright 
contemporary. — N. Y. Freeman's Journal. 

— Last Sunday, at High Mass, Rev. President 
Walsh read and commented upon the pastoral let- 
ter of the Provincial Council lately held in Cincin- 
nati. The document itself and the remarks of the 
Rev. speaker were listened to with much interest. 

— A baseball game which attracted no little at- 
tention was played last Saturday afternoon be- 
tween the Red Sox and Athletes. Heavy batting 
was made by Masters Colyar, Wendell and Roper. 
The latter also distinguished himself by his pitch- 

— We think everyone will agree with us that 
the altar servers this year are among the best-be- 
haved and best-trained acolytes we have ever had. 
There has been a marked improvement in carry- 
ing out the ceremonies, which, it is to be hoped, 
will not end there. 

— At a meeting of the Boat Club, the other 
evening, a committee, consisting of W. B. McGor- 
iisk, W. McEniry, and F. E. Kuhn was appointed 
to make arrangement for a new boat-house. It is 
hoped that the building will be such a one as will 
not detract from the beauty of the lake. 

— The Notre Dame Scholastic, of Notre 
Dame, Ind., has visited us at last. We give it wel- 
come. In its Roll of Honor we notice many of our 
acquaintances and friends. It also tells us that our 
friend, Mr. McGorrisk, of Des Moines, is again at 
the University. — Our Guardian Angel. 

— The corner-stone of the new Minim College 
was blessed by Very Rev. Father General, on 
Thursday morning, in presence of the Faculty, 
students, and others. The ceremony was very im- 
posing. After laying the corner-stone, Very Rev. 
Father General delivered a beautiful address, which 




he concluded by saj-ing - that the occasion was one 
of the happiest days of his life. . 

— A meeting of the Senior Archconfraternity 
was held last Sunday evening, Rev. Father Toohey 
presiding. Rev. Fathers Granger and Stoffel hon- 
ored the meeting by their presence; B. Basil 
was also in attendance to preside at the organ. 
The ten-minutes’ discourse was delivered by F ather 
Toohey, who spoke on the necessity of faith. 
W. H. Bailey read a paper on the Passion of our 
Lord ; M. E. Donahue treated the Mystery of the 
Incarnation, and W. O’Connor proved the exist- 
ence of purgatory. 

— A meeting of students was held on the ioth 
inst. for the purpose of organizing a baseball as- 
sociation. The following officers were elected: 
President, F. B. Devoto; Vice-President, W. B. 
McGorrisk; Recording Secretary, M. T. Burns; 
Corresponding Secretary, M. F. Heal}’ - ; Treasurer, 
W. H. Arnold; Executive Committee, B. Paul, 
F. E. Kuhn, M. E. Donahue and F. Gallagher; 
Directors, Bros. Emmanuel and Paul; Captains, 
Morse and Gallagher. The association is in a 
healthy condition financially, and will provide uni- 
forms for the leading nines. 

— The 18th regular meeting of the Sorin Liter- 
ary and Dramatic Association (Minim depart- 
ment) was held on April 16th. The question, 
“Is a Poet Greater than a Painter?” was debated 
by Masters J. Nester, W. M. Miller, and T. Nor- 
folk on the affirmative; and Rdne Papin, P. Cam- 
pau and Guy Gibson on the negative. After de- 
bating for over an hour, the question was still un- 
decided, but is to be settled at the next meeting. 
Declamations were delivered by Masters J. J. 
McGrath, F. Nester, and P. Johnson. The Presi- 
dent, Prof. J. F. Edwards, informed the members 
that the Columbians had invited the Sorins to their 
next meeting, at which Prof. Paul would furnish 
some choice music. The announcement was re- 
ceived with applause, after which the meeting ad- 

Roll of Honor. 

[The following list includes the names of those students 
whose conduct during the past week has given entire satis- 
faction to the Faculty. They are placed in alphabetical 


Messrs. Anderson, Armijo, Arnold, J. Berry, W. Berry, 
Bailey, Barron, Bryant, Browne, Bell, Burns, Cooper, Cullin, 
Clements, Carroll, Conway, G. Clarke, Cleary, T. Clarke, J. 
Delaney, J. P. Delaney, Dorsey, Donegan, Drury, F. E. 
Ewing, Eaton, Flannery, E. Fenlon, T. Fenlon, Farrell, 
Fleming, Flynn, J. Falvey, M. Falvey, Fishburne, Gal- 
lagher, Gray, Golonski, Healy, Johnson, Kinsella, Kelly, 
Kuhn, Kerndt, Kavanaugh, Larkin, Murphy, McErlain, 
Minnis, Marlett, McGinnis, McIntyre, McDevitt, Morse, 
\V. McGorrisk, E. McGorrisk, McEniry, Mason, Nash, 
Noble, Noonan, O’Neill, O’Connor, O’Rourke, Orrick, 
Otis, Peery, Paquette, Pierson, Quinn, Ryan, Rasche, 
Saviers, Steiger, W. Schofield, Solon, C. Smith, Steis, 
Tinley, Thompson, Tracy, Van Duzen, Wheatly, White, 
Yrisarri, Zettler, Zahm. 


Masters Archer, Ayers, Browne, Bacon, Bailey, Barron, 
Bowers, Buchanan, Barnard, Boone, Castanedo, A. J. 
Campau, Collar, J. M. Courtney, J: §. Courtney, Desr 

champs, Devine, Dolan, Devitt, Drendel, Droste, Echlin, 
Ewing, Ed Fishel, Fred Fishel, Fendrick, French, Flynn, 
Fisher, Florman, M. Foote, H. Foote, Friedman, Gerlach, 
E. Gall, A. Gall, Guthrie, Hoffman, Hess, Hibbeler, 
Hurley, Hanavin, Hefternan, Halligan, Jeannot, Johnston, 
Johnson, Kelly, Kolars, Kahman, Kengel, Kitz, Katz, Liv- 
ingston, Lund, Lewis, McGordon, J. McGrath, T. Mc- 
Grath, McPhillips, C. Murdock, Orchard, Osborn, O’Don- 
nell, Orsinger, Powell, H. Porter, C. Porter, Peery, Pick, 
Quill, Ryan, Rose, Rhodius, Ruppe, L. Rivaud, Smeetli, 
Schaefer, Sells, Tappan, Taylor, Taggart, Warner, Whelan, 
Wilbur, Wile, Zeigler, Yrisarri. 


Masters Adams, Ackerman, Berthelet, Brandom, Cum- 
mings, Curran, Chirhart, Chaves, J. Devereux, W. Devine, 
A. Devine, Dirksmeyer, Devitt, Davison, Dwenger, Fehr, 
Frain, J. Garrity, Graham, P. Gibson, Hewitt, Hynes, 
Johnson, A. Kelly, J. A. Kelly, Kellner, J. J. McGrath J. 
McGrath, E. McGrath, McGordon, McCawley, Miller, 
Masi, C. Metz, Nash, F. Nester, Norfolk, O’Connor, A. 
Otis, Powell, Papin, W. Prindiville, D. Prindiville, E. 
Price, Peters, Pick, Quinlin, Rose, Rebori, Roper, Roberts, 
Schmitz, Stange, Studebaker, Tong, Thomas, L. Young, 
C. Young. 

Class Honors. 

[In the following list may be found the names of those 
students who have given entire satisfaction in all their 
classes during the month past] 


Messrs. Arnold, J. Browne, Bell, Bailey, T. Clarke, G. 
Clarke, Cleary, Donahue, Otis, Orrick, Gray, Solon, Zahm, 
W. Schofield, Kuhn, E. McGorrisk, W. McGorrisk, McDer- 
mott, Fleming, McIntyre, Tracey, O’Connor, Walsh, T. 
Flynn, J. Falvey, Farrell, Ewing, Johnson, H. Porter, C. 
Fisher, Porter. 


Masters Berthelet, Beall, Cummings, Coad, Curran, 
Chirhart, Chaves, C. Campau, P. Campau, Ryan Dever- 
eux, J. Devereux, W. Devine, A. Devine, l5irksmeyer, 
Devitt, Dwenger, Fehr, Frain, F. Garrity, Graham, G. 
Gibson, P. Gibson, Hewitt, Hynes, Hopkins, Johnson, A. 
Kelly, J. Kelly, J. T. Kelly, J. J. McGrath, J. McGrath, E. 
McGrath, JMcCawley, Masi, C. Metz, Nash, J. Nester, F. 
Nester, Norfolk, O’Connor, F. Otis, A. Otis, Powell, Piatt, 
W. Prindiville, D. Prindiville, G. Price, E. Price, Peters, 
Quinlin, Rose, Rebori, Roper, Roberts, Schmitz, Stange, 
Sommer, Tong, Thomas, Vosburgh, Walsh, Welch, Whit- 
ney, Winsor, C. Y oung, Studebaker, Pick. 

List of Excellence. 

[The students mentioned in this list are those who have 
been the best in the classes of the course named — accord- 
ing to the competitions, which are held monthly — D i- 
rector of Studies.] 


Moral Philosophy — Messrs. Donohue, Zahm, O’Con- 
nor; Latin — Messrs. Zahm, O’Connor, Orrick, Donohue; 
Greek— Messrs. O’Connor, _ Bailey, Otis, Gray; English 
Composition — Messrs. McEniry, Fishburne, Heffernan ; 
Rhetoric — Messrs. Cleary, Johnston; English Literature 
— McIntyre ; Criticism — Quinn ; Algebra — Messrs. Flem- 
ing, Cleary, H. Porter; Geometry — Messrs. Morse, C. 
Porter, H. Porter, Johnston; Trigonometry — Messrs. Mc- 
Eniry, Gallagher; Surveying — Messrs. Kuhn, Fleming, 
Bell ; General Geometry and Calculus — Anderson ; ' Ana- 
lytical Mechanics — Orrick; Astronomy — Orrick; Physi- 
ology — Messrs'. Ewing, Fleming; Botany — Messrs. Zahm. 
McDermott; Zoology — Otis; Physics — Messrs. Orrick. 
Zahm; Geology— Orrick ; Mineralogy — Messrs. McDer- 
mott, VanDuzen ; Chemistry — Messrs. Kuhn, Zahm ; His • 
tory— Messrs. Otis, McIntyre, Solon, Eaton, Fleming, Mc- 
Gordon, E. Fenlon, T. Fenlon, Conway, Cleary, Healy, II. 
Porter, Anderson, O’Reilly. 

—The names of Messrs. Ball, Kerndt, and Fishburne 
were omitted from the List of Excellence last week. 

49 ? 


One Mile West of Notre Dame University. 

—The Gregorian Chant of this festive season 
is rendered with beautiful effect by the young la- 
dies who form St. Mary’s Gregorian Society. 

— At the High Mass, on the 16th inst., Rev. 
Father Walsh, C. S. C., President of Notre Dame 
College, gave a grand sermon on the sublimest 
of miracles, viz., the Catholic Church. 

— Among the visitors at the Academy during 
the week were Miss Catharine Young, graduate 
of ’72, and the Misses Hutchison, Gavan and 
Thompson, former pupils of St. Mary’s. 

— Easter Monday was devoted to recreation and 
pleasant social reunions. Very many beautifully- 
decorated Easter eggs and cards were given and 
received. The pupils of the Art department 
showed great skill and good taste in the ornamen- 
tation of Easter gifts for their loved ones at home. 

— Visitors at the Academy during the week 
were: Miss C. Gavan, Lafayette, Ind.; Mr. and 
Mrs. J. M. Coleman, Washington, D. C.; Mr. M. 
Coleman, and Mrs. Margaret Coleman, Washing- 
ton, D. C.; Mr. M. Malone}'-, Washington, D. C.; 
Mr. Wm. Smith, Watertown, Wis.; Mrs. Ducey, 
Muskegon, Mich.; Mrs. I. and M. Lonergan, 
Chicago, 111.; Hon. E. G. Fuller, Marysville, Cal. 

— At the weekly Academic reunion, on Sunday 
evening, the following young ladies entertained 
those present by reading as follows : Selection from 
Cardinal Manning, read by Miss Rasche; Selec- 
tion from Cowper, read by Miss N. Galen; an 
original essay, read. by Miss A. Cavenor, and a 
humorous selection read by Miss Claffey. The ap- 
preciative attention of the audience, and the kind' 
encomiums of Very Rev. Father General, gave 
great encouragement to the young elocutionists 
and the essayist, Miss N. Galen. • 

— On Easter Monday, the venerable Mr. and 
Mrs. James Fenlon, of Leavenworth, Kansas, who 
now reside in St. Joseph’s Cottage, near St. Mary’s 
Academy, celebrated their golden wedding. This 
occasion was rendered very joyful by the presence 
of very many of the immediate descendants of the 
venerable couple, viz., Mrs. A. Fenlon Blaine and 
two daughters, from Helena, Montana T er. ; Mrs. 
E. Fenlon and two daughters, Mr. T. B. Fenlon, 
daughter and two sons, and Mr. J. R. Fenlon, 
Leavenworth, Kansas, and Misses I. and M. Loner- 
gan, of Chicago, 111. Mrs. McGonigle, and two 
daughters, of Leavenworth, Kansas, were also 
present by special invitation. After dinner, the 
whole party went to the vocal room of the Aca- 
demy and were entertained with vocal and instru- 
mental music by the pupils, Misses Galen, Fen- 
drick, Reilly and Kate Fenlon. Mrs. Fenlon 
Blaine and her nieces, the Misses Lonergan, then 
delighted all present by their sweet singing. The 
whole affair was a most pleasing episode in the rou- 
tine of the Academy. 

(Selections from “Rosa Mystica” and “St. 
Mary’s Chimes,” monthly MS. papers edited by 
the young ladies of the Senior Department.) 

Complaint of the Left Hand Against 
the Right. 

Out through the open window, across the dark 
evergreen, to where the blue sky is visible, through 
the maple boughs, all covered with the red 
buds of spring, my thoughts followed my sight. 
Watching the white clouds chasing each other is 
conducive to day-dreaming, so it was not long till 
a voice attracted my attention. It seemed to come 
from my left hand, which had been serving as a 
prop for my chin, addressed itself to my right, 
which rested idly on the open book before me. 

“ Listen to me you shall,” it said ; “ for years we 
have labored together, and no complaint have I 
uttered ; now I shall speak on behalf of the whole 
aggrieved class to which I belong. Ever since 
the fall of Adam, human justice, aided by Divine 
inspiration, has sought to make wise laws to regu- 
late the affairs of men; but none of these redress 
our grievances. What difference is made between 
the eyes? they both weep, both enjoy, both mirror 
gladness, subdued sorrow, and different states of 
the soul. And the ears, one does not convey all 
harsh sounds, and disagreable intelligence, while 
the other enjoys only the agreeable. 

“But are the hands ever equal in all things? 
They often labor together, ’tis true, but are they 
honored in like manner? You are the chosen in- 
strument of the brain, the prompt servant of the 
imagination. You transcribe rich thoughts from - 
the mind of genius — thus making them tangible 
to the whole world, and earning for yourself a 
share in the author’s fame. . You seize the artist’s 
brush, and transfer to the canvas vivid pictures 
created in his imagination, which shall immortal- 
ize his name. You grasp the hand of friendship, 
for it is an affront, forsooth, that the left hand 
should express the sentiments of the heart. You are 
raised to invoke the blessing of God. Should any 
one slight this rule, he would be considered igno- 
rant, or at least forgetful. But, to conclude with 
the most grievous of my wrongs, you have always 
claimed the right of sealing contracts, and you 
never consult me, though in many cases our mu- 
tual liberty is sacrificed, and, of course, we must 
share the sufferings. 

« Now, speak; but it is useless to urge in your de- 
fence, from scriptural authority, ‘ Let not your 
left hand know what your right hand doth,’ for 
that would only add to my aggravation, and even 
in heaven the distinction is made, for it is written, 

‘ He sitteth at the Right Hand of God.’ ” 

In conciliatory tone, the counsel for the other 
side began.' “ Granting a few of your accusations 
the merit of truthfulness, they may all be somewhat 
palliated when you remember that the prefer- 
ence shown our class is simply a matter of custom. 
Then upon reminding you of our grand honor 
which we share equally, you may agree that it 

' 49 s 

THE ko'TkE DAME sciioLAsflc. 

counterbalances all your deprivations. I speak of 
man’s grandest prerogative. Listen to a word- 
picture drawn from daily life, partly by the pen 
from which always flowed noble and beautiful 
thoughts, framed in most exquisite language. It 
is the hour of the daily Sacrifice, the venerable 
priest approaches the altar, joins his hands and 
prays for all God’s people. And the beams of the 
morning sun come in at the windows of the 
church and fall for a moment into the uncovered 
chalice and glance there as if among precious 
stones, with a restless, timid gleaming, and the 
priest sees it and the light seems to vibrate into his 
own heart, quickening his faith and love. 

“ A moment latex-, and it is the time of the Eleva- 
tion — the silent worshippers bend in adoi-ation at 
the sound of the tinkling bell, and see, the venera- 
ble priest raises the Saci-ed Host — In his right 
hand? oh, no, in both! Here, in this exclusive 
privilege of man, which makes him envied by the 
angels, we are equal.” 

Then the voice ceased, and my soul spoke. 
“Peace! wrangling servants of the body. Why 
seek ye the ascendancy for so short a time? Soon 
your toil will be over, and, folded together above 
my quiet, vacant sanctuary, the heart, you will be 
forever equal.” N. G. 

Mother ! 

There is a wealth of love, of sacrifice, and of 
unweai-ied devotion expressed in that one word, 
“Mother.” It sounds sweetly familiar to our 
*. ears; thoughts of our happiest moments come 
hand in hand with the name of that “Angel of 
Home.” In all the sorrows of life, and in all the 
miseries which others cannot lessen, one gentle 
word from the lips of mother will suffice to calm 
the troubled heart. She rules over our home as 
its queen, and her subjects are her children ; with 
unabating zeal she works and prays for them. 
Long after the little heads have sought their pil- 
lows and the childish voices are silent, the mother 
works. In thought she passes to future years, 
when her child must, like herself, take up the bur- 
den of life unsupported by a mother’s willing hands 
and the frail bark which she has so long guided, 
will drift, perhaps aimlessly, on the great ocean of 
life, with no haven, no rest until it is anchored on 
eternity’s shore. These are thoughts which fill 
the mother’s mind, and do we, the gay, happy 
children, understand the loving heart which 
prompts them? Do we know of the sacrifices 
which have purchased our happiness? Perhaps 
this same unselfish, loving mother goes to her cold, 
dark grave before we know her value — her only 
thought after God, her children; her last prayer, 
“O God, protect my children!” 

Her sacred duties are performed, her work is 
nobly done, and she has sought that “peace 
which the world cannot give,” leaving her exam- 
ples to guide the souls with which she was en- 

Roll of Honor. 



Par Excellence — Misses Cavenor, Claffey, Galen, Han- 
bury, Walsh, Clarke, Feehan, Bland, Beal, M. Campbell, 
R. Fishburne, Heneberry, L. Lancaster, A. Nash, H. 
Nash, Rasche, A. Price, Simms, H. Van Patten, L. Van 
Patten, Edie Call, M. Fishburne, V. Reilly, Owens, Mar- 
garet Price, A. Richardson, McGordon, M. Richardson, 
Thompson, Chirhart, Sawyer, Wallace, Fleming, Behler, 
L. English, Reutlinger, M. H. Ryan, Adderly, Clifford, 
Wagner, Metzger, Newton, Green, Ives, Northrop, M. 
Eldridge, M. Watson. 2d Tablet — Misses Dillon, L. Fox, 
Wiley, Donnelly, Fendrick, McKenna, M. A. Ryan, E. 
Shickey, Black, Etta Call, Coryell, Hackett, Legnard, 
McCoy, Mary Price, Papin, Pease, Rosing, J. Reilly, Ruli- 
son, Todd, Thomann, Waters, Garrity, Mulligan, B. Eng- 
lish, Gavan, N. Hicks, H. Hicks, Mulvey, Smith, Pampell. 


Par Excellence — Misses Ginz, C. Lancaster, Ramsey, 
Spangler, Semmes, Chirhart, Coogan, Dillon, Heneberry, 
O’Neill, Robertson, Chaves, Otero, Richmond, Mary Otis, 
Best. 2d Tablet — Misses Clarke, Considine, Martin, Pa- 
quette, Mosher, Schmidt. 


Misses N. Brown, Burtis, Rigney, Sawyer, Martha Otis, 
McGrath, McKenna, Campau, Haney, Barry, J- English. 

Class Honors. 

Graduating Class — Misses Cavenor, Claffey, Galen, 
Hanbury, Walsh. 

ist Senior Class — Misses M. Clarke, Dillon, Fox, 
Feehan, Wiley. 

2d Sr. — Misses M. Campbell, C. Campbell, Edie Call, 
Chrischellis, Donnelly, Fendrick, R. Fishburne, L. Lan- 
caster, McKenna, Ave Price, M. A. Ryan, A. Rasche, M. 
Simms, Shickey, Wall. 

3d Sr. — Misses Barlow, Butts, Chirhart, Casey, Etta 
Call, M. Fishburne, Ginz, Keenan, C. Lancaster, Legnard, 
McCoy, Mowry, Owens, Margaret Price, Mary Price, S. 
Papin, C. Pease, J. Reilly, A. Richardson, M. Richardson, 
Rulison, Thompson, Todd, Thomann, Simms, Waters, 

ist Preparatory Class — Misses Adderly, Behler, 
Clifford, L. English, Fleming, M. H. Ryan, Reutlinger, 

2D Prep. — Misses M. Chirhart, Considine, Coogan, M. 
Dillon, Martin, N. Hicks, Ives, M. Watson. 

Jr. Prep. — Misses Ewing, Krick, J. McGrath, Papin, 

1 ST JR. Class — Misses Browne, Coyne, Campau, Cas- 
tanedo, E. Mattis, Richmond, Rigney. M. Schmidt, A. 
Schmidt, Mary Otis, Best, Haney. 


HONORABLY mentioned in the 
ist Class — Misses Galen, K. Lancaster, Feehan, Bland. 
2D Class — Misses A. Castanedo, J. Reilly, Campbell, 
Morgan, Semmes, M. Castanedo, F. Castanedo. 

3 d Class — Misses Barlow, Price, M. Clarke, Call, A. 
Clarke, Paquette. 

4TH Class — Misses E. Call, Beal, M. A. Ryan, Shickey, 
Donnelly, A. Nash, Owens, Ave Price, Walsh, M. Price. 
5TH Class — Misses Richmond, Otero, Brown, Sawyer. 


ist Class — Misses Claffey, Ginz, Behler, Chrischellis, 
A. Dillon, Wagner, Thomann. 

2D Class — Misses M. Fleming, Reutlinger, Butts, M. 
Casey, Chirhart, Fehr. 

3D Class — Misses H. Van Patten, Keenan, Todd, Call, 
Eldridge, Considine. 

4TH Class, 2D Div. — Misses A. Chirhart, Mulligan, 
Wallace, Northrop, Williams. M. Watson, McGrath.