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Disco quasi 

semper victurus ; vive quasi eras moriturus. 


Vol. XVII. 

NOTRE 

DAME, INDIANA, JANUARY 5, 1SS4. 

No. 17. 


Salutatio 

AD R. T. E. WALSH, C. S. C. 
XOSTR^E DOMIX-E UXIVERSIT ATIS 
PR^ESIDEM 

XX DIE FESTO PATR0X1 ILLIUS 
S. THOMAS APOSTOLI 


AB ALUMXIS 

axxo MDCCCXXXIV gradcjs 

ACCEPTURIS 

OBLATA. 


Nos Liceat Thoma 

• O pried ara dies, 

Semper adaugebis 

Lingua tacere potest, 

In coelo atque homini 

Oum fidei constant 

Est standum, Thoma, 

Aeterno V erbo 

Tempore donavit 


TerrificaT 

Hori'escendo Homines 
Omnipotens Oritur, 
Mors verbo Moritur: 
Accipit:ex ipsA 
Discipulis reSonat 

Didimus 
me 

Liceat 


Interea 
Gratia 

Nos 

Usus 
Majorem 
Orescit 
Officium 
Num 
Sexcentos 
Oonstantes 
Ridentem 
Ingenio 
Blanditias 
Extremis 
Regulce 
Et . Nostras 


mundum, 


Lazarus 


domuit! ” 
Thoma 


mest ammura 

juvenes 

amor, numerus 
majus, 

quid enim melius 

Thomas 

faciem et 

eximius, 

horrens, 
iTa te 

Ho nos, fid us 

DOminae, 


Obristiadas unquaM 
Albci - Ant 
Rector virtutiS, 

Multiplicem ad 

Et donum, O 

Nos Liceat 


DigNum 

hymnO 
noStrxe 
bLanda 
\Ttam 
miraOnla 
nEqne 
cArnem 
cerTo : 
aTque 
Homo, 
mOrbos 
Mox 
radiAt 

Domini 

tetlgit 

Gaudens, 

DigNum 

gratUm 

Malunt 

Crescit: 

festO 
Nobis 
PatriS 
Curas 
fR on tern 
vigllans, 
duBitas, 
rEmoves, 
sacRatie 


COXSCRIBERE 


sacrata 
pia 

jam luce 
dat Christus 


canor 

gaudia 

micat 
et 


tanta, Deo 

fas incredulus 

intern erata 

perfectus homo 

InfanDum numen 
nara Iuvat esse 

Dominatur, et 
corpore vita 
vis Morte 

vox desTJbito; 

Sacra vulnera 

“Deus”! exclamat et 

COXSCRIBERE 

depromere 
persolvei'e 
Senioribus anno 
redeunte 

quam pectora 

mereamur amore 

mirantur alumni, 

placidam, ut maris 

. ac mente 

Cunctator, agendo 


saPiens 

cRucis 


Explanas sacrA 


honor, 

rectum 
Reverende ! 

Thoma 


prxeCludat 
ebrietAs, 
pRieses, 
M e r 
valEbis 

DigNum 


mEns 
laScivia, 
exEmplar 

i t u S form are 

habere 

C OX SCR-IBERE 


que 

dogmata, 
mala nos 


et 


CarmeN* 

O, 

mentis. 
soL 
orbl. 
nunC 
essE- 
MariA 
fiT. 
adoranT 
JehovaH- 
unO 
M 

supernA- 
seD 
“VidI! 
nunG; 

CarmeN. 

versU : 
laudeM- 
hoC 
paternO* 
sint? AN. 
favoreS? 
aC 

sequoR. 
sagacl, 

aB 

viderE. 
amatoR 
nevE 
, neC 
gazA. 
ultoR, 
juventaM 
perennE- 

CarmeN. 


2 5 8 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


The Holy Father as a Poet. 


[Through the kindness of the Rev. editor of The “ Ave 
Maria'' we are permitted to reprint from advanced sheets 
the following article, from the pen of Prof. A. J. Stace, 
on some recent poems of His Holiness, Pope Leo XIII. 
The learned Professor gives an original metrical translation 
of one poem bv the Holy Father, while extracts from the 
remaining are presented, which serve to show the charac- 
teristic features of the distinguished poet’s style. We have 
no doubt that our readers will appreciate the literary treat 
afforded them. — Ed. Schol.] 

The cares of the ruler of a great people — of one 
to whom the welfare and happiness of multitudes 
of his fellow-beings have been entrusted — are usu- 
ally so engrossing as to exclude all other occupa- 
tions. Instances there have been where the here- 
ditary incumbent of a throne has found some art, 
some science, or even some mechanical employ- 
ment more congenial to his tastes than that of 
reigning; but he has indulged his inclinations to 
his own detriment and that of his people. Had 
Louis XVI not been so industrious a locksmith, 
and had he applied himself more diligently to a 
study of the wants of his subjects, the horrors of 
the French Revolution might have been averted, 
and what was of evil in a necessary reform might 
have been eliminated. 

Hence we are accustomed to dispute the possi- 
bility of a great potentate being also a great artist, 
a great sculptor, a great chemist, or a great astron- 
omer. To achieve greatness in such diverse walks 
of life seems beyond the power of a created mind. 

But in the vast circle of human occupations, 
there is one which seems peculiarly privileged, — to 
which the epithet “ divine ” has been not seldom 
attached, — which ennobles the lowest rank of so- 
ciety, and attaches no disgrace to the highest: it is 
the calling of the Poet. From the time when 
Royal David strung his harp to the praises of the 
Almighty, we have found poets frequently seated 
upon the throne; and voice of authority has been 
modulated by the sweet influence of the Muse. 

It is not surprising, then, that the Chair of St. 
Peter,— the throne of thrones, — has been frequently 
filled by poets, many of whom have been canonized 
as saints. It was the delight of St. Damasus to 
adorn the tombs of the martyrs in the catacombs 
with the poetical epitaphs s.till found upon them. 

He also wrote poems in praise of virginity. The 
contributions of St Gregory the Great to the hymnic 
portions of the liturgy* are still better known. Pope 
Innocent III is the author of that sublime invo- 
cation, the Veni Sanctc Spiritus , and also, it is 
said, of that hymn which has aroused such tender 
sentiments in the faithful heart, and inspired the 
genius -of the musician with such grand harmonies, 
the Stabat Mater. Popes Urban VIII and Alex- 
ander VII were also distinguished for their poetical 
compositions; and these are but a few of the Sover- 
eign Pontiffs .whose brows have been adorned with 
the laurus poetica. 

Our present Holy 7 Father is walking in the foot- 
steps of ''distinguished predecessors. A late publi- 


I cation has reached us containing three hymns in 
honor of SS. Herculanus and Constantius, both 
martyrs and bishops of Perugia, a See of which, 
as is well known, Pope Leo himself was the Or- 
dinary' in former day's. The hymns are in Latin, 
accompanied by' an Italian translation by r Prof. Fran- 
cesco Manini. The dedication is to’ the Cardinal 
Bishop of V erona, and secondarily' to the Italian 
pilgrims who visited Rome in the months of Sep- 
tember and October of last y'ear. A distich ad- 
dressed: Leoni XIII , Pontifici Maximo , Sapt- 
eiitissimo. Poetcc Hymnographo Prccstantissimo , 
does not appear worthy of the place it occupies 
after the dictation. The versifier, whoever he was, 
might have managed the hexameter without eliding 
half of the name of the person addressed; and the 
comparison of a poet to a swan is not only' worn 
threadbare, but has the additional disqualification 
of not being true to nature, as experience and re- 
search have amply proved that the swan is not 
melodious under any circumstances. 

Thus preluded, follow the hymns, the Italian 
translation, which is metrical and rhymed, being 
placed opposite the Latin' original — the composi- 
tion of the Pope himself. The first is in honor of 
St. Herculanus, Bishop of Perugia, and martyr, — 
a saint unknown to Alban Butler, as was also St. 
Constantius. From the brief notices of the Ro- 
man Martyrology under date of March the ist-we 
learn that St. Herculanus “was beheaded by order 
of Totila, king of the Goths. Plis body, on the 
fortieth day' after his decapitation, was, as Pope St. 
Gregory’ relates, found as sound and as firmly, 
joined to the head as if it had never been touched 
by' the sword.” The hymn itself contains many 
other interesting particulars; and as the period to 
which it relates has received very' inadequate light 
from history', I have attempted a metrical version', 
sticking as closely' to the original as the exigencies 
of metre and rhyme would allow. The metre of 
my' translation is the same as that of the original, 
familiar to Catholic ears in Creator ahne sidentm , 
Lucis Creator optime , and fully' one-half of the 
liturgical hymns. 

HYMN TO ST. HERCULANUS, BISHOP AND MARTYR. 

I. 

Hail'Herculanus, prompt to aid. 

Protector of thy native State, 

Assist thy' sons who now have made 
A hymn thy' Feast to celebrate. 

ii. 

Fierce Totila with Gothic horde 
Besieged Perugia’s Avails and toAvers: 

Their frozen shores, Avith one accord, 

1 They' left, to seize this land of ours. 
hi. 

Disaster reigned supreme, and grief ; 

No aid the straitened city' found. 

No friendly hand affords relief; 

With cries the citadels resound; 
iv. 

But Herculanus, undismayed, 

True pastor; thou’ dost Avatchful stand : 




Thou cheerest hearts though sore afraid, 

And dread dost banish from the land. 

v. 

“ Fight, sons, for jour ancestral faith, 

And God’s high altars ! He will lead ! 

No hostile force our home shall scathe ! ” 

Thus spakest thou in direst need. 

«• 

vr. 

They rally at thine ardent speech ; 

Courage renewed pervades the town; 

“ For God and country fight!” cries each, 

“ Or, dying, earn a martyr’s crown !” 

VII. 

For seven years, at least, ’tis said, 

The barbarous horde were kept at bay; 

Thy children nobly fought and bled 
Like heroes of an earlier day. 

VIII. 

For thou wast leader. Thou didst fall 
With faith no guile could undermine; 

On God with thy last breath didst call: 

A truly glorious death was thine. 

IX. 

For when the city fell, by fraud, 

Not force; — her sacred walls betrayed; — 

Thou wast, with courage all must laud, 

For thy dear flock a victim made, 

x. 

By raging Totila’s command 
Thou, innocent, art stricken down, 

And from the cruel headman’s hand 
Thou dost receive the martyr’s crown. 

XI. 

Now reigning in the heavenly hall. 

Where joys and glory never fail, 

Still listen to thy children’s call : 

Our Pastor, Pation, Parent, hail! 

XII. 

Etruscan city fair, rejoice! 

The glory of this land of flowers ; 

In exultation lift thy voice; 

Lift up on high thy hundred towers ! 

XIII. 

New hostile forces still beset; 

Against thy faith they still combine; 

Repel them manfully, and let 
The faith of Herculanus shine! 

In the same metre is the first of the hymns to 
St. Constant! us, Bishop of Perugia and martyr, 
designed for the vigil of his festival. The Roman 
Martyrology tells us that this Saint, “ together with 
his companions, under the Emperor Marcus Aure- 
lius, received the crown of martyrdom for the de- 
fence of the faith,” on January the 29th. The 
hymn represents him as the object of a popular 
devotion, which finds expression in general dem- 
onstrations'. We quote the 6 th, 7^ and 8 th 
verses’: 

Nox en propinquat: cerneres 
FerVere turbis compita, 


Late per umbram cerneres 
Ardere colies ignibus. 

Urbisque ferri ad mcenia 
i Incessu et ore supplici 

; Senes, viros cum matribus 

i Longo puellas agmine. 

: 

t 

| Ut ventum ubi ara Martyris 

; Corusca lycnis emicat, 

; Festiva turba civium 

Irrumpit ardens, clamjtat. 

t 

The third hymn, written for the festival itself 
of the same Saint, begins by giving a history of 
the various torments to which the martyr was 
subjected, and of the miracles which embarrassed 
| tbe infernal malice of the torturers, at the same 
time that they attested the sanctity of the victim. 
It is written in a well-known Horatian metre, in- 
troduced into hymnographv in the Iste Confessor , 
so often sung at Vespers. The final verses will 
give an idea of the style of the composition, at the 
same time that they reveal the exalted sentiments 
of the author: 

Dive, Pastorem tua in urbe quondam 
Infula cinctum, socium et laborum 
Quern pius tutum per iter superna 
Luce regebas, 

Nunc Petri cymbam tumidum per icquor 
Ducere, et pugnie per acuta cernis 
Spe bona certaque levare in altos 
Lumina montes. 

Possit, o tandem, domitis procellis, 

Visere optatas Leo victor oras : 

Occupet tandem vaga cymba portum 
Sospite cursu. 

We conclude with the hope that what we - have 
said may contribute to stimulate our leaders to 
make themselves acquainted more thoroughly with 
our Holy Father in his poetic character. 


Three White Roses. 

DEDICATED TO MY FRIEND, MADAME L DE B . 

Thv roses, love, the three pure, creamy flowers, 

That, (in thy tender thought), thou broughtest me, — 

Are symbols to my soul, these wintry hours. 

Of thy three precious sons. 

The first shall be 

Full-blown, thy Charles, thy first-born and thy pride: 
Then, dewv-lipp’d and fraught with gentle joys. 

Dear Leonardo, wearing at his side, 

The rose-bud, Bernard, sweetest of thy boys. 

Blest mother-heart! accept the prayer of love, — 

From Life’s fresh morn until its evening closes. 

Oh ! may thy sons in youth and manhood prove 
As pure, as sweet, as fragrant as thy roses ! 

Eleanor C. Donnelly. 


z6o 


THE NOTRE DAME ' SCHOLASTIC. 


The Spirituality of the Soul.* 


In treating the present question it is not our in- 
tention to consider the nature and essence of spirit; 
for if no scientist can tell what matter is. stili less 
is a philosopher able to determine in what a spir- j 
itual substance consists. We start from the fact 
that man is composed of soul and body, and we 
shall endeavor to show, briefly and clearly, first, 
that there is an essential difference between these 
two constituent parts of human nature; second, 
that there exists in man a principle which is not 
material or composed of elements, but one, simple, 
and spiritual, endowed with intellect and freedom 
of will, and therefore a responsible agent. 

Before entering upon our thesis, we must bear 
in mind that our proposition has been contradicted 
by a bold and so-called scientific school known by 
the name of Materialists. Materialism, in general, 
is a S} r stem which denies any essential distinction 
between soul and bod}', whether the soul be identi- 
fied with the whole bod}' or one of its principal 
parts, or something resulting from a corporal or- 
ganization. The partizans of this system may 
be classed either as positivists or evolutionists. 
Phrenolog} 1 , too, as taught and explained, is pure 
materialism, inasmuch as it maintains that the hu- 
man soul is only a higher function of the brain. 
They are all akin to another more general system, 
namely, Sensism, which admits in man merely 
sensible facts, and infers therefrom that all mental 
operations are but transformed sensations. It is 
evident that the practical consequence of material- 
ism in all its phases must he the destruction of all 
morality, the negation of a future state of exist- 
ence, and hence the degradation of man to the 
condition of the lower animals. 

Having thus briefly premised, we shall proceed 
to our question, which we shall consider from two 
points of view. First, we shall show that the hu- 
man soul is simple, that is to sa}-, inextensive and 
indivisible, and therefore immaterial. Secondlv, 
this same human soul really subsists in itself, and, 
to some extent, independently of all material or- 
ganization. 

We may remark that the method to follow in 
demonstrating the immateriality and spirituality of 
the soul ought to be twofold. In the first place, it 
must be experimental, inasmuch as it involves the 
consideration of some facts either external or in- 
ternal. Secondly, through reasoning: we are en- 
abled to rise from real facts to their law, and from 
their law itself to conclude an actual existence of 
a living principle, that is, the substantial form of 
the human bodjL 

THE HUMAN SOUI. IS SIMPLE. 

Among a great many proofs that might be given 
on this point we select four of the most prominent. 
The first is that taken from common sense. It is a 
fact that the child when saying, clearly means 
thereby something else than -his body, as, for in- 

* Thesis defended before the Academy, Dec. the 13th, 
by William H. Bailey, ’84. . 


j stance, when he says: “I remember.” Ask him 
j with what part of his body he remembers. He will 
certainly smile at the question. But this irresisti- 
ble voice of nature that speaks by the mouth of 
the little child speaks more eloquently through the 
lips of all mankind. All men, indeed, even the 
most savage and uncivilized, have, at all times and 
in all places, admitted a distinction between the 
soul and body. We all know well that, no mat- 
ter how the body be mutilated, there remains in 
us something which cannot be reached, still less 
wounded, by any material instrument; so that the 
greatest violence offered to our members proves 
quite powerless over the soul. Another fact is that 
among all peoples, at all times and in all places, 
we find the substantial distinction between body 
and soul generally admitted in the words and ex- 
pressions of their language. In short, our first ar- 
gument mav be thus summed up: The common 

consent of mankind is a motive of certainty; but 
this consent exists in regard to the essential dis- 
tinction between soul and body; therefore the soul 
is not material. 

II. The testimonv of consciousness. * We know 

j 

by experience that there exists within us one and 
the same principle to which must be referred all 
the operations of our different faculties. In re- 
gard to sensibility, suppose I put one hand into 
hot water and the other into cold, I shall experi- 
ence two distinct sensations, but, at the same time, 

I am conscious that the subject of this is not any 
other person distinct from myself. Such being the 
case, it is impossible to account for this simultane- 
neous perception of two distinct sensations, with- 
out admitting the real existence of one only prin- 
ciple, which must of necessity be simple. This* 
conclusion becomes still more evident if applied to. 
several ideas, judgments or reasonings, which any 
one may form at the same moment. For, in order 
to distinguish these ideas, to make such judgments, 
and to connect different propositions, we must com- 
pare them, and a comparison cannot be accurately 
made unless we suppose an intelligence capable of 
controlling all these phenomena, appreciating their 
characters, and pronouncing sentence, all of which 
involves unity, and consequently simplicity. In re- 
gard to the human will, we know with certainty 
that we are free to choose between the different 
motives which present themselves to our mind. 
On the other hand, we invincibly feel that we have 
self-dominion, thatis to say, a moral power indivis- 
ible and inviolable, however contrary to it our res- 
olutions may be. Now, this moral power of purs 
cannot be the result of several collective forces, 
but must be one only force, as conscience testifies. 
We,. have, therefore, a right to conclude that if there 
is an incontestable unity in all the operations per- 
formed by the three great faculties of the soul, the 
soul itself, being one, cannot be material. 

III. Argument taken from a comparison between' 
bodily properties and mental qualities. Accord-- 
ing to the testimony of the senses, what are the es-. 
sential properties of bodies? It is certain from 
natural and physical sciences', that material beings 
are: 1st, compound and divisible; 2d, changeable 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


261 




and continually renewed; 3d, deprived of activity. According to the Angel of the Schools, a spirit 
Now the qualities which constitute human personal- is defined to be “A simple substance, both intel- 
ity are unity, liberty, and identity. There is cer- lectual and rational, which is independent of any 
tainly a formal contradiction between the former material subject as regards its being and essential 
and the latter; we see no means by which we can operations — that is to say, intelligence and will.” As 
reconcile unity with composition, liberty with inert- most modern philosophers, following in the foot- 
ness, and identity with changeableness. We have, steps of Descartes, have either denied or obscured 
therefore, to conclude one of two things: First, if this definition by pretending that the human soul 
the soul is corporeal, it can be neither simple, free, is spiritual because simple, we ought to vindicate 
nor identical; which statement is opposed to both this prominent dogma of philosophy bv maintain- 
experience and reason. Second, if the soul, being ing that the human soul is a spirit, or that it exists 
corporeal, is, at the same time, identical, free, and by itself apart from all material conditions to 
simple, it would follow therefrom that a material which it is at present subject. We might here repro- - 
body can be endowed with activity, immutability, duce the most forcible reasoning made by Sansever- 
free will, and responsibility; and this statement ino, which runs as follows: “All operations proper 
seems to be absurd. Bayle himself, though a to the human soul — viz., those which are charac- 
notorious infidel, made this remarkable avowal: teristic of intelligence and will — are performed -- 

“ This is a demonstration,” he says, “ as forcible without any corporeal organ. Now, operations are 
and evident as any proposition in Geometry, and if necessarily of the same nature as the being itself — 1 
some men do not feel its invincible evidence, it is operatio scquitur esse; therefore the human soul, 
because they cannot or will not rise above the no- being in itself independent of matter or corporal 
tions of a gross imagination.” 1 organs, must of necessity be spiritual.” But to 

IV. Proof based on the control exercised by the j bring into clearer light this paramount question it 
human will over the body. That I do possess a ; would be well to dwell at greater length upon it, 
real power of moving my own body is as plain as ; in presenting our hearers with a strict demonstra- 
the light of the sun. Every-day experience shows ! tion that cannot be objected to without objecting 
us that, while all other material beings often escape j to sound reason itself, because the whole of our 
the direct action of our will, our own body is sub- j argumentation is based upon the most evident 
jeef to it. Thus, for instance, we can either walk ; facts of consciousness. In the first place, the hu- 
or stand still, move our limbs in one direction or j man soul performs operations which absolutely 
another. And while all other bodies, if left to j surpass all the strength and energy of matter. It 
themselves, continue in motion when once obtained, ! indeed understands, reasons, and resolves, and evid- 
we feel within ourselves the power to stop. See- j ently these .reflective phenomena cannot be re- 
ing, then, such a wonderful contrast, who could be j ferred by any means to a corporeal subject. Be- 
daring enough to pretend that it is the same body j sides it is able to go beyond the limits of time and 
that commands itself? Is it possible that this mo- , space, which capability is quite irreconcilable with 
tion can be produced by material organs? That ; matter, because the action of the latter is contained 
some nerves and muscles, and, above all, the centre ! within the boundaries of a determined part of ex- 
of the whole nervous system, the brain, are nec- j tension and duration, as experience testifies, 
essary conditions for moving, as well as feeling, i Secondly, we know that every power or faculty 
thinking, and resolving, we grant. But still, as all j of the soul, since it is adapted to its own object, 
these movements depend on the brain, inasmuch ! must be in proportion to it. • Now, it is well known 
as they are physical and external, they depend ! from experience that man understands, or at least 
much more on our will which commands the brain j has an idea of, objects that are essentially immate- 
itself, by holding, as it were, the reins which guide rial, since he speaks of them as being different 
all the' movements of the human body. It is no from material bodies, and calls them spirits. For ~ 
wonder then that Bossuet should say that the soul we cannot realize that we could be able to speak 
rules the bodv which it animates; or that Plato of anything that does not exist, as if it were really 
should exclaim that in man there is an immortal existing. It follows, therefore, that there must be 
soul that makes use of the body as the workman a real substance which, being the cause of immate- 
his tools. rial effects, is necessarily of the same nature, and 

II. consequent!}* a spirit. 

Thirdly, experience tells us that that which is cor- 

THE HUM AX SOUE IS A SPIRIT. i • c ir , 

poreai is of itself particular, multiple, and Change- 
Starting from the principles' laid down by St. able. Still, there is another undeniable fact -that 
Thomas, we think that we have clearly shown such objects cannot be the cause of our under- 


against Materialists that the human soul, not being standing their essences in an universal and immut- 
composed of parts, must necessarily be simple, and able manner by means of abstract and general 
consequently forms an indivisible reality. But ideas. It is plain, then, that if we do possess uni- 
apart from the fact that it is the actual form which versal ideas — as indeed we do — this can be but the 
constitutes the vital unity of the human body, is it result of the intellectual power of our mind. Con- 
true that it possesses some nobler attribute? In sequently our soul must naturally be superior to all 
other words, is the human soul not only inorganic, the conditions of material substance; and since it 
immaterial, and simple, but also spiritual? This is can conceive what is not material, it is really a 
the question which now remains to be answered, spiritual substance, 



262 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


Now, there is a fourth and last argument, which, 
though it may not perhaps be so forcible in itself, 
seems to be more convincing. We have in our 
hearts and minds a deeply-rooted desire — a longing 
for something nobler than matter, such as truth 
and virtue. Now, everyone — c-r at least those who 
have not corrupted the dignity of human nature — 
feels irresistibly attached to something that is far 


above animal appetites and sensual enjoyments. 
Is it possible to suppose that a substance which 
performs actions superior to all the energy of mat- 
ter, and understands objects spiritual — such as the 
angels and God — and which is actuated by a more 
powerful impulse towards high than low senti- 
ments, can he a pure compound of material, mole- 
cules? No, indeed! and that kind of yearning 
which Father Lacordairc styles “ lcmal.de P injin i ” 
cannot be accounted for without our believing in the 
real existence of a spiritual substance called the 
human soul. 

To sum up the whole argumentation, the follow- 
ing prosyllogism may be proposed: A substance 

whose properties are essentially opposed to matter 


cannot be material; now the pioperties of the hu- 
man soul are essentially opposed to matter, there- 
fore the human soul cannot be material. But an 
immaterial substance that is in itself independent 
of an}- material condition is a spirit. Now, the 
human soul is in itself independent of any material 
condition; therefore the human soul is a spirit. 

In conclusion, we venture to sav that the thesis 
just defended might be compared to a gigantic 
pyramid, the base of which is human nature, or 
the substantial union between soul and’ body. The 
intellect and the will rise like two beautiful pillars, 
made, not of material stone, but formed from truth 
and virtue; while the spirit, which, as it were, cir- 
culates through the entire edifice, is, at the same 
time, hovering over the whole monument, as an 
immortal breath breathed by Almighty God; and 
this very being, viz., man, aspires to be reunited to 
his Creator, in order to live together with pure in- 
telligences a life of everlasting happiness. 


A Sonnet — 1884 . . 

Break brightly ! O thou happv New Year’s light 
Enriching all the world with hope renewed! 

Ring out glad bells, no longer sad, subdued. 

Thro’ all the clear and frosty air of night — 

Hope proclaiming, pain relieving and the blight 
Arising from the myriad crime and woe 
Man, (of all creation, man’s most deadly foe) — 

Ever lost in dark Cimmerian night, 

Numbed bv the memory of a wasted past, 

Groping in utter hopelessness — has brought. 

(Like one afflicted with some dread disease, 

In every breath has prescience of the last) 

Sin-horn, into life- For music like thine has wrought 
Heart-healing, and given the world's weariness, surcease ! 

c T. E. S., ’S 4 . 


Books and Periodicals. 


Joseph Haydn. — The Story of His Life. 

Translated from the German of Franz von Seeburg, by 

the Rev. J. M. Toohey, C. S. C- From The “ Ave. Maria." 

J. A. Lyons, Publisher: Notre Dame, Indiana, 18S4. 

350 pp. Price, $1. 50. 

The struggle of genius against poverty and hard- 
ship is always interesting. In this case the genius 
is transcendant and the hardships nigh insurmount- 
able. Among the worst of them was to find that 
the externally fair maiden to whom he had gener- 
ously given his heart and hand was one of those 
selfish, ill-conditioned, foul-mouthed creatures 
whose sole mission seems to he to render life un- 
endurable, and inculcate the doctrine of total de- 
pravity. Fancy a musician of high-strung nerves 
and over-wrought sensibilities coming home ex- 
hausted from his toil to find a domestic harpy of 
this description by his hearth. And yet to this 
wretch Joseph was a faithful, kind and affectionate 
husband: better far than Socrates ever was to 
Xanthippe; for this latter much-abused lady had 
too much reason to complain that Socrates was a 
had provider, while Mrs. Haydn appropriated, 
without hindrance, to her own luxurious enjoy- 
ments, the hard-earned, though finally munificent 
emoluments of her husband. We must congratu- 
late our Rev. Vice-President on having exhibited 
in his translation that rare tact which conveys the 
full force of the original without betraying a for- 
eign idiom. Like the rest of Prof. Lyons’ publi- 
cations, the present is in that neat but not gaudy 
form which commends itself for its utility without 
shocking the requirements of taste. It is appro- 
priately dedicated to that generous patron of music, 
our Very Rev. Superior-General. Our readers 
will find it most eligible as a holiday gift, a valu- 
able addition to any public' or private library, and 
an ornament to the drawing-room table. 

— The North American Review for January 
presents a table of contents possessing in the high- 
est degree the character of contemporary human 
interest. First, the opposite sides of the question 
of “ Ecclesiastical Control in Utah ’’are set forth 
by two representative men, President John Taylor, 
the official head of the Mormon Church, and the 
Hon. Eli H. Murray, Governor of the Territory of 
Utah. Senator John I. Mitchell writes of the 
“Tribulations of the American Dollar,” recount- 
ing the strenuous efforts of the people of the 
United States to extinguish the national debt, and 
contending that it is our imperative duty to-day to 
settle definitely the question whether we shall have 
dollars of unequal commercial value in circulation. 

— Vick’s Florae Guide. — Here it is again, 
brighter and better than ever; the cover alone, 
with its delicate tinted background and its dish of 
gracefully-arranged flowers, would entitle it to a 
permanent place in every home. The book con- 
tains three beautiful colored plates, is full of illus- 
trations, printed on the best of paper, and is filled 
with just such information as is required by the 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


263 


gardener, the farmer, those growing plants, and 
every one needing seeds or plants. The price, 
only ten cents, can be deducted from the first 
order sent for goods. All parties any way inter- 
ested in this subject should send at once to James 
Vick, Rochester, N. Y., for the Floral Guide. 

— St. Nicholas for January makes its New 
Year’s call with a bright' table of contents and a 
brilliant list of contributors. Louisa M. Alcott 
begins her promised series of “ Spinning-wheel 
Stories.” The frontispiece is by Mary Hallock 
Foote, and H. H. opens the number with a com- 
plete and timely story of Colorado mining life, en- 
titled “ Christmas in the Pink Boarding-house.” 
Julian Hawthorne finishes his fanciful allegory, 
“Almion Auria, and Mona”; and Rose Haw- 
thorne Lathrop contributes a merry tale of child- 
life in holiday times, called “ F uti Beams.” Mayne 
Reid’s serial, “The Land of Fire,” continues. H. 
PI. Boyesen ends the first of his “Tales of Two 
Continents”; and W. O. Stoddard entertains his 
readers with the second installment of “Winter 
Fun.” Among the poems are a fable in verse by 
Joel Benton; some jolly' New Year’s verses by 
Helen Gray Cone, with pictures by A. Brennan, 
who also illustrates a quaint little verse of his own, 
entitled “Lucy Lee from Pligh Dundee”: and 
“The Ballad of Good Sir Urgan,” by E. Vinton 
Blake, a mediaeval poem, with spirited illustrations 
by Alfred Kappes. An entirely new feature, in- 
augurated in this number and to continue through- 
out the year, is the St. Nicholas Almanac, which 
will give to young folk, in simple and popular 
form, the more important phenomena of our 
earth’s relations to the heavenly bodies, and, in ad- 
dition, some entertaining bits of fun, fable, and al- 
legory relating to the various months and seasons. 

— General Sherman’s retirement from the army 
lends timely interest to the frontispiece of the Jan- 
uary Century , and is evidence to the eyes that Gen- 
eral Sherman has been retired by law before his 
bodily and mental powers have even begun to de- 
cline. His life, his character, and his services to 
the country' are discussed by E. V. Smalley in a 
fresh and authoritative paper, which contains several 
good anecdotes. General Grant has assisted in 
making the paper exact and valuable with reference 
to war history by giving important information 
and by reading the proofs. “ Garfield in London” 
is an account, in the main, of President Garfield’s 
experiences and impressions while in the British 
capital, being extracts from his journal of his trip to 
Europe, in 1S67, in company with his wife. His 
views on English politics and on prominent men like 
Bright, Disraeli, Gladstone, and Spurgeon, have 
a strong autobiographical interest. The most in- 
teresting of French institutions, the Academy, with 
its “Forty Immortals,” is made the subject of a 
gossipy paper, by the author of the striking bio- 
graphical sketch of “ Gambetta,” which was printed 
in the Century for last March. Portraits of thir- 
teen of the most widely-known Academicians illus- 
trate the writer’s crisp characterizations. A por- 
trait and biographical notice of the Hindoo girl, 


f “Torn Dutt,” calls attention once more to the re- 
markable command of English possessed by this 
' young poet, who died when she was only twenty- 
one. The other articles are: “In Wordsworth’s 
Country”: “Edinboro Old Town”; “Log of an 
Ocean Studio”; “Husbandry in Colony Times”; 
“The Bread Winners”; etc., etc. 


College Gossip 


; — The Jesuit Fathers intend to erect a college 

j in Denver. 

! — On the 9th ult., seventeen priests left the 

j American College, Louvain, for the United States. 

— St. Mary’s Institute near Dayton, Ohio, was 
I partially destroyed by fire, last week, loss about 
S20.000. 

I * 

; — Most of the teachers and professors in St. 

| Joseph’s College, Cincinnati, were educated at 
| Notre Dame University. 

; — St. Louis College, N. Y., holds its Com- 

: mencement exercises in December instead of in 
i June, as at other educational institutions. 

; — Professor ix German — “ Mr. W.., how 

j would you decline n-?tter, alter , rother Weip P ” 

; Mr. W. — “ I shouldn’t decline it.” — Orient. 

— A beautiful statue of St. Aloysius has been 
i presented by the students of St. Xavier’s College 
1 to the Church of St. Francis Xavier, N. Y. The 
i statue stands on the students’ altar, and is rightlv 
an object of their pride. 

— The American College at Rome has forty- 
! four pupils sent out from twenty-three different 
| dioceses of the U. S. Mgr. Hostlot is the rector, 

! and his pupils have greatly distinguished themselves 
! of late at the Catholic examinations. Of the thirty- 
six theological students who competed for medals 
this year, twenty-six were successful. 

— In the different colleges of Notre Dame Uni- 
versitv there are 478 students. In the Manual La- 
bor School, there are 66 pupils; in St. Joseph’s 
Normal School for the training of teachers, there 
are 52; at St. Mary’s Academy for young ladies, 
there are 190 pupils, and in the St. Mary’s School of 
Art and Design for the instruction of teachers, there 
are 76, making a grand total of S62 who are receiv- 
ing an education at Notre Dame. 

— Evangelimus Apostolides Sophocles, the ven- 
erable University Professor of Greek in Harvard 
College, died Dec. 17th. Prof. Sophocles was 
born in 1S07 in Greece, and for several years re- 
sided in the Convent of Mount Sinai. He emi- 
grated to the United States and entered Amherst 
College in 1S29, but did not take a degree. After 
leaving college, he applied himself to teaching, and 
in 1S45 was appointed Greek tutor at Harvard. 
In 1849 he visited Greece, and on his return the 
next year began his Greek dictionary of the Ro- 
man and Byzantine periods. This great work is a 
monument to the extraordinary diligence of Prof. 
Sophocles, who has also published several minor 
text-books of ancient and modern Greek. 



264 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 



Notre Dame, January 5, 1884. 


The attention of the Alumni of the University of Notre 
Dame and others, is called to the fact that the NOTRE 
DAME SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the Seven- 
teenth year of its existence, and presents itself anew as a 
candidate lor the favor and support of the many old friends 
that have heretofore lent it a helping hand. 

THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC Contains: 

choice Poetry, Essays, and the current Art, Musical, Lit- 
erary and Scientific Gossip of the day. 

Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects 
connected with the University of Notre Dame. 

Personal gossip concerning the whereabouts and the suc- 
cess of former students. 

All the weekly local news of the University, including 
the names of those who have distinguished themselves 
during the week by their excellence in class, and by their 
general good conduct. 

Students should take it; parents should take it; and, 
above all, 

Old Students should take it. 

Terms , Sjt.jo -per Annum. Postpaid. 

Address EDITOR NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC, 

Notre Dame, Indiana. 


Our StafF- 


T. Ewing Steele, ’84. W. H. Bailey, ’84. 
Jno. A. McIntyre, ’84. Elmer A. Otis, ’84. 
James A. Solon, ’84. C. A. Tixley, ’84. 
C. F. Porter, ’85. 


— We know by experience that at the outset 
of any work we can and do command a spirit 
and energy which are apt to flag in its progress. 
The beginning of any undertaking, whilst its nov- 
elty exists, is always a time of vigor, freshness and 
activity. It is for this reason that the thoughtful 
student when entering upon a new year of life, 
reflects upon the duties of the time before him and 
forms resolutions which, if faithfully kept, will 
make the year as happy: and as profitable as mor- 
tal here upon earth could desire. Experience, the 
great teacher, may perhaps prove that such resolu- 
tions made before have been but too remissly ob- 
served. Nevertheless, while reason rises superior 
to sense, no such reflection can cause discourage- 
ment. The grand faculty of oui rational nature, 
our intelligence — participate lit minis divini, , — es- 
pecially when illumined with the light of Faith, 
shows our path: — if we have wandered therefrom, 
we have but to follow its sruidino- ravs. 

C5 Ci «r 

At the beginning of a new year, we are irresis- 
tibly impelled to look back upon the year just gone 
by and see what has been done therein. As re- 
gards our Alma Mater , the one grand event of 
’83 that stands pre-eminent and overshadows all 
others is the placing of the statue of our Lady on 
the Dome, which occurred on the 12th of October. 


i 

i 

i 

i 

1 


1 

j 

j 

1 

j 

i 

i 

1 


The erection of the Dome itself was certainly a 
great and important undertaking, but like every- 
thing else that serves as a means to an end, the 
grandeur of the end dims all the brilliancy of the 
means, however great they may be. In this case 
it must be remembered, that the Dome, colossal as 
it may be and as it really is, was designed only as 
a -pedestal ', but made as fittingly as possible, for the 
grand statue of her to whom all at Notre Dame, 
and the cause for which they are here, are conse- 
crated. 

It may perhaps seem strange to some that we 
should make any attempt at enthusiasm about the 
erection of a simple statue. But let us consider 
for a moment. - What an enthusiasm is there not 
spreading throughout the United States, or, at 
least what mighty efforts are not being made to 
create this enthusiasm, in regard to the placing of 
the statue of “ Liberty enlightning the world ” — 
in New York Harbor. We grant there is a reason 
for it, and a good one. It is because that, though 
pagan in form, the prevailing idea among the 
masses of our countrymen is that they realize the 
benefit of a free government, and are willing to do 
anything that may give fitting expression to their 
sentiments. Should it then seem strange, that we 
here at Notre Dame, imbued with more Christian 
sentiments, and recognizing unmistakable evidences 
of the intervention' and protection of the Mother 
of the world’s Redeemer — should be just as enthu- 
siastic about any outward expression of homage 
and gratitude towards her? - 

Ex 

Among other great events of the past year we 
must mention the laying of the corner-stone of 
Science Hall. The ceremonies attendant upon 
this great event were fullv described in the Scho- 
lastic of Commencement Day. We are now 
happy to say that the work upon the building has 
advanced as rapidly as circumstances of weather 
would permit. Already, the first story is com- 
pleted, and the existing evidences of the general 
plan show a structure that will be perfectlv 
adapted for the purpose of its erection. 

As regards the main building, but little need he 
be noted, as a general perfection already existed. 

However, the Class of ’S4 are very proud fin a 
proper sense) on account of their elevation to the 
third story, not so much because of the height 
from a material point of view — they have already 
disclaimed any pride on that account — but because 
with them there has been inaugurated a new move 
on the part of the College authorities which can- 
not but be productive of good results. _ The “ gen- 
eral fitness of things ” would suggest the propri- 
ety of private rooms for the graduates, so that, 
even if we had the time and space at our disposal 
— which we have not — we would not need to argue 
the question. 

Besides all - this, the Library has been stored 
with a goodly supply of volumes: and now the 
grand room— -or, rather, floor, — with its alcoves, 
and reading-rooms' and other improvements in- 
cidental to a well-fitted library 7 , makes it some- 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


26 5 


thing that can be shown with pride to the visitor, 
while it retains its usefulness to the student. The 
study-halls have been rejuvenated, notably the Se- 
niors’. Paradoxical as it may seem, the juniors will 
have to wait until next spring, though they need 
an extension very badly now: hut a short time, 
and all will be well. The Gymnasium has been 
refitted, the general reading'-rooms have been re- 
modelled, and adorned; — and many other improve- i 
ments in minor details which need not here be re- ; 
counted, have been made during the year ’83 just j 
closed. 


m i 

It may go without the saying that all these I 
improvements were presaged bv the course j 
of events last year, owing to the wise admin- ! 
istration to which the College is subject; and in i 
consequence of which Notre Dame has witnessed J 
this scholastic year the piesence of a greater num- { 
ber of students than ever before known in her his- j 
torv. The number of entries has never been | 
equalled, and the actual attendance numbers as 1 
much as the entries of any preceding year. That ‘ 
Notre Dame is passing through an era of prosper- j 
ity, .no one can doubt, and, none more than we I 
her children rejoice thereat. In itself, it is an evid- i 
ence that the public appreciate the advantages af- i 
forded by- our Alma Mater and its able direction, ; 
and seek to profit thereby. j 

The year ’S4, then, opens for Notre Dame with j 
bright and flattering prospects, with every indi- , 
cation of a happy and prosperous year. That j 
these expectations may be fully realized is our i 
fondest wish. And so may it be for all • 

A Happy New Year! 


— The following letter from the venerable Su- 
perior-General was received by the Minims shortly 
before the holidays began. Though especial’}' ad- 
dressed to these very young people of our college 
world, yet the letter contains much that will prove 
of interest to many an older student and friend of 
Notre JDame. We do not think, therefore, that 
we depart from the province of our little paper in 
laying it before our readers: 


1 

i 

1 


A WORD OF ADVICE TO OUR YOUNG PRIXCES. 


My Dear Young Princes: — On this day week, one 
half of our students will leave for home by a special train, 
and yourselves with them, to spend Christmas vacation 
with your beloved parents. We will miss you; but they 
will enjoy what we miss, especially when they see with 
their own eyes the improvements you have made these 
four months in your studies and manners. Let me re- 
mindvou before you startof one important thing you might 
otherwise forget, viz., the great expectations of your dear 
friends at home. So much has been said and written and 
published through the land concerning our young Princes 
and their new Palace, that it will require no small attention 
on your part to meet fully the fond hopes of those who 
love you best. Remember the motto: “Nobility obliges.” 
Each one of you must appear, everywhere, the growing 
embodiment of refined and exquisite manners — politeness 
itself; a real little Prince in the family: otherwise, they 
would all feel sadly disappointed. What would they think 
of you? What would they think of me? But. I trust, 
our common and best anticipations will all be filled and 
more than justified. When you return, a few lines from 
your respected parents, showing that they were pleased 


with you, or perhaps even proud of you, through the holi- 
days spent with them at home, would increase, if possible, 
mv own esteem and love for you I scarcely need to add 
here that to prove your real love to your dear father and 
mother, you must obey their every wish, in everything, 
and try your very best to make them happy and happier 
day after day. Bear in mind, that in this, as in anything 
else, your elder companions will use their best efforts to 
equal and even outdo the Princes. 

Were I a poet. I would draw .some inspiration from 
this beautiful snow, just now storming from all sides over 
the Dome, and playing all sorts of antics around its crown- 
ing monument — Our Blessed Mother’s golden statue, 
never yet visited but by the rays of light, the dew and the 
cooling rain from the sky. How delightfully this first 
snow reminds me of our first departure from France! It was 
on the Feast of Our Lady of the Snows, the 5th of August. 
1S41. Had the day been chosen by us, we might have con- 
gratulated ourselves upon our wisdom, starting, as we were, 
for Northern America. But at that epoch, when almost 
each diocese followed its own liturgy, the feast of Sancta r 
Maritc ad Nivcsl was scarcely known in France. It was 
only when I opened my new Roman Breviarv to sav Ves- 
pers in the coach that I found out the Feast the Church 
was celebrating. My surprise was soon even surpassed by 
my admiration. I never believed in chance, but on this 
occasion I understood at once and realized that the Blessed 
Virgin herself, for whom we were actually and jovfullv 
sacrificing all — little as it was — had accepted the modest 
homage of our honest hearts, and had herself chosen this 
beautiful Feast for the day of our adoption among her own 
missionaries, and wished to assure us from the start that she 
would be our Star on the sea, our Guide and Protectress 
through the snows ot the Northwest of the New World. To 
me it was a revelation. I accepted it with full confidence, 
and now. after an experience of 42 years. I confess, with an 
unspeakable sense of gratitude, that our fondest hopes 
have been, from day to day. realized beyond all expression. 

When we reached here, towards the end of November, 
the snow covered everything: and such a snow as we had. 
never seen in sunny France. For full five months this 
rich and spotless mantle of the Virgin Mother was lifted 
up only two days. Indeed, it was the domain of the 
Queen of Snows. Like the ground, the trees of the forest, 
the ice on the lakes, ail were white with snow : no movement 
was possible except through deep snow. When at night 
we retired into our little log cabin, the snow followed us. 
often even to our quaint, cold sleeping-quarters; but the 
invisible. Hand that givetk the sno-.v like ~vool covered our 
trusting hearts, and we never spent a happier season. 
Many times through that memoi able winter, we lost our 
wa\ in the forest, in davlight and as night, but we always 
reappeared, rejoicing ano. happy. 

Such a winter has never been seen here since, and yet 
we remember none we enjoyed as much, in mind, in soul, 
and body. It inured us for future trials — unavoidable 
through life. Reme.mber this, it may serve you. Hence 
my joy at the first fall of snow, reminding me so forciblv 
of the most pleasant halts in my missionary life. May all 
praise be given to the glorious Qneen of the Snows, who 
took me. 42 years ago, as it were, by the hand, on her own 
Feast of the Snows, giving me to understand that she 
would shield me from all storms and dangers! Has she 
not fulfilled her promise? Indeed, when I cease to praise 
and thank our glorious Mother, the Queen ot Heaven, 
who has done so much for me, I consent to be called an 
idiot or a brute. Were it not for her, I would not have 
to-dav a “ palace ” with 100 “ princes ” showing her respect 
and love. I give you this little sketch of Notre Dame — 
vears before you were born — that you may. when you re- 
turn, enjoy the more your surroundings so providentially 
changed from a wilderness into a charming oasis, in the 
midst of which every one can see, from miles around, on a- 
high throne, the sacred image of our heavenly Queen and 
Mother, telling the sky, not a lie, but the true love of our 
hearts. What a sweet reminder for a loving child of what 
he loves best on earth and in heaven! 

Present to your beloved parents, my most sincere good 
wishes of the season, and believe me, my dear “ princes,” 

Your devoted friend, 

E. Sorix, C. S. C. 


266 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


Answers to Correspondents. 


Wigsy Wollox: — T he lines to which you al- 
lude are as follows:. 

She laid aside each jewel — 

Each gem so rich and rare : 

Ah! Fate! couldst thou be cruel 
To one so young— so fair? 

She kissed her little brother. 

As she bade farewell to him, 

Then softly whispered “ Mother, 

May I go in to swim?” 

As to whether the author is George Washing- 
ton Childs or Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, we 
cannot enlighten v.ou. 

Thuthan Jane: — No; “coaxially” has noth- 
ing whatever to do with coaxing, and should not 
be pronounced with a slight wink of the left eve. 
You cannot ring in that little game on the Pro- 
fessor, and it is reprehensible to think of such a 
thinsr — -very. 

Pinafore: — Yes; the joke is quite classic. 
Calistorgius Praevaricatus has it in the following 
form : 

Nunquam. Quid, nunquam? Bene, vix ait utimur un- 
quam. 

Most of the opera is plagiarized from the French 
of the Abbe Tirebouchon, with little attempt at 
concealment, as in 

Je cherche la seclusion que fournit la cabine, 

De mdme que mes tantes, et mes sosurs et mes cousines. 

Gopherim: — Ask him to parse “Off with his 
head! So much for Buckingham!” 

Damble Gummy; — No; it is not allowed to 
drop an h in order to get off a joke about “ ice 
cool” and “high school.” You ought to be 

O O 

ashamed of yourself. 

. . ^ 

Wertha Kuss: — What your Quaker friend 
probably said was “ Third-day.” He meant to ap- 
point Tuesday, not Thursday, for the elopement. 

N. Ormuz Pheet: — No; it isn’t called an “ed- 
ition de looks ” simply because it looks nice. It’s 
F rench, — edition de luxe. 

Young Teacher: — A good wav to exercise 
your pupils on the varying sounds of soft and 
hard g in declension is to make them decline such 
.words as “ toga. ” 

Alma Goozleham; — A summer shower does 
not necessarily produce insanity in the hen. Do 
not be misled by the expression “ mad as. a wet 
hen.” It should be “ madid as a wet hen,” of 
course. 

Quid a Wake:— Yes; marriages in Italy are 
merely hypothetical. A married lady generally 
alludes to her husband as her “ s’pose so.” 

Von Wisselsblau:— The eccentricity of a 
smile is found by taking the distance between the 
corners of the mouth at the moment of greatest 
expansion as the numerator of a fraction and the 
distance between the ears as the denominator. 
In the ordinary, or elliptical, smile this is an ex- 
tremely proper fraction. In the parabolic smile 
the eccentricity becomes equal to unity, and in the 


j diabolic smile it is greater, the head being some- 
times smiled completely oft by the corners of the 
mouth meeting in the occiput. This is seldom at- 
tempted except by machine politicians. 

Somebody Else: — You have been married 
i lately, and have a large number, of love-letters, 
; from various parties, on hand; and now you would 
| like to know how to utilize them in your house- 
keeping. Have a light frame made of several 
panels, hinged together, and cover it with chintz 
or nun’s veiling. Then paste on your love-letters, 
arranging them, if perfumed, with reference to the 
scents. It will make a neat and attractive screen 
for vour drawing-room, and will invariably - excite 
the attention of vour guests. 

j O 

Seldham Smart: — Yes; bronchitis is derived 
from bronco . ‘ When a man gets a bronco , he gets 
a little horse; and when he gets the bronchitis he 
gets a little hoarse, too. 


Exchanges. 


— The illustrations in The Adelphian for Sep- 
tember and October are excellent. They are, 
moreover, the work of students in the Art Depart- 
ment of the Academy. The holiday number is 
gotten up in handsome style. The editors, too, are 
to be congratulated on the manifest improvement 
in the paper from a literary point of view. 

- — The Chronicle. r, of the University of Michi- 
gan, showed praiseworthy enterprise by publish- 
ing extras containing full accounts of the games 
of the University Rugby team during its Eastern 
trip. The news was wired to the paper. The 
present Chronicle board have been making stren- 
uous efforts to raise the status of their paper, and 
they have succeeded in many respects. In matter 
and in appearance the Chronicle will bear a favor- 
able comparison with the best of the Eastern col- 
lege papers. 

— The Polytechnic has donned a handsome new 
cover. The November number shows marked 
improvement over the previous issues. We won- 
der what the alleged author would have to sav 
about “A Posthumous Fragment of Lord Bv- 
ron’s” if he were permitted to give his opinion? 
We presume the network on Poly's cover is in- 
tended for the unwary exchange chaps of other 
papers who go prowling around in quest of a free 
lunch. The Index man had better be careful; 
that mysterious black speck in the corner of Poly's 
cover looks like a masked battery. 

— The Sun, the weekly penny paper recently 
started by C. L. Murray & Sons at South Bend, is 
the newest and strongest prohibition paper, that 
we have seen. Mr. Chas. L. Murray, the editor, 
is a veteran journalist, an able writer, and evidently 
a prohibitionist of the deepest color. He gives 
solid reasons for the opinions that he advances 
and the principles underlying them. He is no 
fanatic, and therefore every conscientious brewer 
and liquor vender; must agree with his conclusions. 


26 7 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC . 

: * 


It is not liquor of its legitimate use that he opposes, 
but the soul and bodv destroying abuse of this 
dangerous beverage. 

— The Columbia Spectator warmlv advocates 
the establishment of a course in Oriental languages 

• o o 

at Columbia. “ Some time ago.” it savs. “ it 
seemed as though a fair beginning had been made 
to establish such a department in real earnest; but 
after the appointment of one tutor in Sanskrit and 
one in Old Bactric (Zend) no other changes have 
taken place up to the present dav.” Johns Hop- 
kins has been the first American University to in- 
troduce Assyrian, which is taught by a European 
scholar; no American, probably, could be found 
capable of teaching it. The Spectator instances 
the obelisk, the famous Abbott collection of Egyp- 
tian papyri, and the grand array of Egyptian books 
in the Astor Library, in New Yoik, as opportu- 
nity and encouragement for Egyptologists, and 
states that the classes in Egyptian in London are 
crowded with clergymen, lawyers, and rich men 

who can devote their time to studv. Some time 

»/ 

ago, in their appeal to the citizens of New York, 
the. trustees mentioned the fact* that Columbia has 
had no Hebrew taught in it for twenty-five years. 
The Spectator tlvnks that theological students es- 
pecially would welcome a course in Hebrew in or- 
der to aid them in their seminary course. 

— -Judging from the last number of the Nexus, 
people and things at the K. M. I. are in a despe- 
rately bad fix. At least one of the brave “cap- 
tains” or* “ colonels” there thirsts for blood, and 
thinks he cannot be satisfied without it. The 
United States isn’t a bis: enough country to hold 
“Tennessee Joe” and himself, because the said 
“ Tennessee Joe ” showed that the “ Colonel ’’didn’t 
write grammatical English. That is bad enough, 
but it isn’t the worst of it. The Nexus has lost its 
head, and the editor seems to have parted with his 
senses. He is in a terrible agony, and spreads his 
agonized feelings over his miserable little decapi- 
tated sheet in a way that is pitiable to behold. 
From his incoherent ravings we learn that the 
editor thinks he was kicked by a night-mare or 
something of that sort, ridden Sv one “ Tennessee 
Joe,” and that the doughty horseman yelled in his 
ear “ Shoxu J\'Ie the Man ! ” It may be that the 
editor had been indulging over-much in Kentucky 
mince-pie and a Bourbon wash the evening before, 
and put too much of a strain upon his warlike 
nerves and stomach. Some of the other fellows 
are not much better conditioned than the editor. 
It seems to be jim-jams all round. B. W. A. has 
put on his brimstone shirt and dances around like 
a wild painted -Mohawk warrior of , ye olden 
time. He yells for somebody to “ Turn on the 
liff/it ” / — “ Turn on the Her Jit ” / — the electric 
light — but they havn’t got any electric light at 
K. M. I. to turn on, and darkness and dire con- 
fusion prevail. B. W. A. wants to be a martyr 
very badly. “ But for the absence of adequate 
power,” as he expresses it, “ or mav be of a favor- 
able opportunity , I might already have joined the' 
army pf glorious martyrs.” If B. W. A. doesn’t 


sober down or get into a lunatic asylum before the 
next election day, he and his shot-gun may be sent 
| over the Styx hy some athletic darkey. He*would 
j then be thought a “ martyr,” perhaps. 

j — We regret that our esteemed friend the ex- 

change editress of The Portfolio feels hurt at the 
stigma cast upon Luther’s memory by Miss Don- 
nelly’s poem in the Scholastic. She says “the 
name of Luther is a name dear to every Protes- 
tant, and any slur cast upon it touches a tender spot 
in every Protestant heart.’’ We regret to hurt 
any sensitive person’s feelings, least of all those of 
one from whom we have received nothing but 
courtesy, but our fair Canadian friend must bear 
in mind that we as Catholics have had to bear a 
great deal of obloquy and insult ever since this- 
Luther celebration was talked of, and on the an- 
niversary itself injury was added to insult. A very 
large portion of the non-Catholic press has teemed 
with abuse of our Church, of the Pope, of Catholic 
institutions, and of Catholics generally. If then, we 
give a glimpse of the skeleton in the closet on the 
other side we can hardly be blamed. Had these 
over-zealous preachers and writers praised Luther 
and let us and our Church alone, the} r would have 
done better; but their vituperation of us argues a 
weak cause for themselves. Luther was not, per- 
sonally, the hero or the reformer that our fair critic 
imagines him: he was anvthing but a saint, anv- 
thing but fit material for a hero, anything but what 
a good, pure-minded person would think a good 
man in anv respect , as we can prove, and as she 
will discover if she reads the history of his life bv 

•s « 

Audin, or even the twenty-five cent pamphlet re- 
cently published by Pustet. She may read as 
much as she will from Protestant sources in praise 
of Luther, but after perusing Audin’s life she can 
never again think Luther anvthing but a fanatic 
and a bad man. Thoroughly understood, there is 
nothing in Luther’s whole history to excite sym- 
pathy, nothing to excite even that feeling of pity , 
which even the most hardened criminal can some- 
times evoke. We are prepared to give abundant 
testimony in proof of our statement, but the works 
from which we would derive those proofs are 
within everybody’s reach, and it is their duty to 
read up both sides of the question before giving 
judgment. The books above mentioned, with, if 
you will, “Spalding’s History of the Reforma- 
tion,” published by Murphy, of Baltimore, con r 
tain evidence enough of Luther’s malevolent char- 
acter to satisfy anybody. True Catholics never 
allow themselves to be outdone in toleration or 
courtesy; but when attacked we have- a right to 
defend ourselves. With Horace we can say: 

“Sed hie stilus haud petet ultro 
Quern quam animantem et me veluti custodiet ensis 
Vagina tectus; quem cur destringere coner 
Tutus ab irifestis latronibus.” 

For the present we can only ask what can be 
thought of a man who, notwithstanding the threat 
in the Holv Book itself that whoever took from or 
added a single word to it should have his name 
stricken from the Book of Life, changed and cor- 
rupted the text in at least a hundred places? 


268 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


Personal. 


— Bro. Benjamin, C. S. C., left on Monday for 
Alton, TIL, where he will be engaged in teaching. 

— Among the ‘callers on New Year’s Day were 
Rev. D. T. Hagertv. and Rev. P. Johannes, of j 
South Bend. j 

— Frank Wheatley was called home shortly ; 
before the holidays bv the death of his brother, j 
Thompson Wheatlev. He has the heartfelt svm- j 

A - J * ■ 

pathy of his Professors and fellow -students in his ' 
bereavement. 

— Three old students of Notre Dame — of ’58, 
MS and ’69, respectively — were highlv compli- 
mented in the Chicago Inter Ocean of Satur- 
day, Dec. 29th. As Notre Dame is not as yet a 
very large citv, we forbear mentioning their 


mise. The funeral services took place at Notre 
Dame, the sermon being preached by Rev. Presi- 
dent Walsh. May he rest in peace! 

Local Items. 


A Happy New Year! 

— Snow, the — 

— Splendid sleighing. 

— That turkey-lunch! 

— All the Dudes wear bangs. 

— Go to I. Celania,for frnits. candies , etc. 

" — “ That fourteen dollar watch ” needs no com- 
ment. 

. — -We wish our friend John a Happy New- 
Year! 


names. 

— -Joseph P. O’Neill, of ’S3, has been ordered to 
appear before a board of officers at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, to pass an examination for appointment to 
a second lieutenancy in the regular army. Pie has 
the best wishes of his many friends at Notre 
Dame for his success. 

— Hon. L. G. Tong, ex-Mavor of South Bend, 
for many years Professor of Commercial Law and 
the Science of Accounts at the University of Notre 
Dame, is now the Cashier of the St. Joseph County 
Savings bank. Prof. Tong is an acceptable citizen 
and a gentleman of sterling character and capacity. 
— Indianapolis Sentinel. 

— Prof. T. E. Howard, A. M., who for 20 years 
has been Professor of the higher Mathematics, 
English Literature, and Latin, in the Univer- 
sity of Notre Dame, is now engaged in the prac- 
tice of law at South Bend. He has held the office 
of County Clerk, the gift of the Democracy, and it 
is not presuming to announce that he will be the 
next Mayor of the city. Prof. Howard has few 
equals as a scholarly, Christian gentleman, and as 
one to discharge a trust, there is no manlier or 
more reliable man. South Bend will be honored 
in him as its chief officer. — Indianapolis Sentinel. 

— It is our painful duty to record the death of 
T. A. Coquillard, of ’54, which sad event occurred 
at his residence in South Bend, on the evening of 
the 27th ult. Mr. Coquillard was one of the first 
white children born in South Bend, which was 
the home of his father when the latter was the 
only white man in the then little village. He was 
born Feb. 13th, 1836, and at an early age along 
with his cousin, A. Coquillard — the present great 
wagon manufacturer — became a student at Notre 
Dame. They were the first students of the log 
school, in ’42, and, after the first college buildings 
were erected, Mr. Coquillard continued hi's studies, 
until 1854, w ben he. left and assisted his father in 
his vast business enterprises. Since that time he 
engaged in. various undertakings with success and 
lately was doing a large and lucrative real estate 
business and published a paper in that interest, 
called the Globe. He had many friends through- 
out the country who will sincerely regret his de- . 


— Read “ Joseph Haydn ” — See notice in pres- 
ent issue. 

— The St. Cecilians are resting on their well- 
won laurels. 

— “ Grand Combination Exhibition,” next Wed- 
nesday night. 

— Our new “ Classical Graduate ” is gaining a 
wide notoriety. 

— Deacon cG Sou keep a choice assortment of ci- 
gars , tobaccos , etc. Call and see them. 

— Self-introduction in the shape of current slang 
is sometimes dangerous. 

— The Christmas Cribs of the Infant Jesus 
were unusually fine this season. 

— To-morrow is the Feast of the Epiphany — 
“ The Christmas of the Gentiles.” 

— “Johnny ” is expected back soon, enriched 
with a lot of experience, and a fresh stock of puns. 

— The continuation of “ Notes on the Hebrew 
Language and Literature” will appear in our 
next. 

— There is a general impression that the change 
of name in the year was out of compliment to the 
Class of ’84. 

— One hundred and sixty-five students remained 
during the holidays, viz., 60 Seniors, 60 Minims, 
and 45 Juniors. 

— The Philopatrians say they will eclipse every- 
thing next April. The Thespians, however, are 
yet to be heard from. 

— The Junior Gymnasium has -received a coat 
of whitewash, which gives it a more cheerful and 
lightsome appearance. 

— The Princes present their grateful acknowl- 
edgments to. Very Rev. Father General for his 
princely Christmas gifts. 

— Owing to several causes ( principally holidays), 
the article on the French Revolution will not be 
continued till next week. 

— “ Breakfast — the College Fetich ” — is the title 
of an interesting little book by some anonymous 
“ Deacon ” from the Western wilds. 

— The Junior Prefects are under obligations to 




THE NOTRE DAME ■ SCHOLASTIC 



Messrs. J. Hagerty, J. Ittenbach, A. Pliske, F. 
Fehr, for favors received during the holidays. 

— Henry Metz came all the way from Chicago 
to make his New Year calls among hi? friends at 
Notre Dame. Of course all were delighted with 
his visit. 

— Deacon G — , at the opening of his box, the 
other evening (perhaps it was morning), delivered 
an interesting lecture on the benefits arising from 
the wearing of “ specs.” 

— Father L’Etourneau lately received from 
Paris, a lot of beautiful, artistic religious objects 
suitable for Christmas gifts. Persons desirino- 
anything in that line should examine these articles. 

— Interesting meetings were held by the Thes- 
pians and Columbians before the holidays. - Mr. 
Solon’s speech before the Thespians on “Literary 
Societies ” was an able effort. We hope to see it 
in print. 

— Bro. Albert has just finished a era)' on of a 
friend of his which is pronounced good by the best 
judges of such work. We understand that he is to 
draw the portrait of the best Junior at the close of 
the scholastic year. 

— The students going West had a special train, 
composed of three cars, for themselves. That most 
gentlemanly of conductors, Mr. G. Liberty, had 
charge of the train. B. Emmanuel and B. Leander 
accompanied the students as far as Chicago. 

— The Curator of the Mineralogical Cabinet re- 
turns thanks to Mr. Guillaume Frank, Superin- 
tendent of the mines of Rodange, in the Grand 
Duchy of Luxembourg, for a collection of very 
precious minerals from Bleiberg and Westphalia. 

— Skating was all that could be desired from 
Christmas until New Years, and the boys were 
happy. Sleighing was also good, and several 
sleigh-riding parties were organized who visited 
the surrounding towns. The most enjoyable, how- 
ever, was the one taken to the St. Joe Farm. 

— Bro. Bonaventure is raising a large and choice 
collection of geraniums and foliage plants for the 
coming Spring. He intends to have the large 
Heart between the Church and Academy of Music 
and the University as beautiful and blooming as 
the 'parterre before the Minims’ Hall. 

— New Year’s Day passed off very pleasantly. 
The usual greetings of the Faculty were extended 
to Very Rev. Father General and Rev. President 
Walsh. Prof. Uns worth and Signor Gregori were 
the representatives on this occasion, and made ap- 
propriate remarks — the former in English and the 
latter in musical Italian. 

— We acknowledge the receipt of beautiful 
New Year’s greetings from the Studebaker 
Manufacturing Co., the Birdsell Manufacturing 
Co., of South Bend, and the J. E. Bonebrake 
Hardware Co., of Abilene, Kansas. They have 
our thanks for the kind remembrance, and our best 
wishes for a successful and happy year. 

— The Malediction. A Drama. By Joseph 
A. Lyons, A. M. — A Spanish drama translated 
and adapted from the French. It is an interesting 
play, and absorbed our attention in the perusal 


r Though inculcating sound moralitv, it is not of the 
i usual goody-goody sort, but lively, humorous and 
| intense, as the various episodes demand. — Catholic 
! Mirror. 

— Very Rev. Father General’s many friends 
j will rejoice to hear that the opening of the new 
year finds him thoroughly recovered from the ac- 
cident which confined him to his room for the last 
three months'. May the year 1SS4 be one of es- 
pecial blessings to the venerated Founder, and may 
his wisdom direct Notre Dame for more than ■ 
another score of years. 

— One of the music teachers associates the pun- 
ishments of purgatory with mending and keeping 
clarinets in order. Strakosch we believe it was' 
that said hell was to him a place full of pianos, 
grand, square, round, of all shapes and sizes, and, 
probably, more or less out of order. We wonder 
if any brass instruments or violins are to be found 
there? What doth Paul say? 

— “ Casibus obliquis nix crescit prima.” 

The line is familiar to all lovers of Latin Pros- 
ody. How singularly appropriate is its applica- 
tion now! In plain English, it means: “Untow- 
ard accidents cause an increased fall of snow on the 
first day of the year.” In some prosodies, vix ap- 
pears instead of nix: but we maintain it to. be an 
interpretation by the scholiast. For, experience, 
which is always the best teacher, confirms our 
reading. Nuff sed. 

— A Beautiful Gift. — The Great Rock Is- 
land Route has issued a new and most compre- 
hensive Cook Book, of 12S pages, filled with new 
and reliable receipts from the best caterers of this 
and other countries. No housewife can afford to 
be without it; and though worth one dollar, it will 
be sent to any address, postpaid, upon receipt of 
ten cents in stamps. As they will go like hot 
cakes, send at once to E. St.John, G. T. & P. A., 
Chicago. Illinois. 

o ; ^ 

— -The printers and others connected with the 
printing-office are indebted to the. kind thought- 
fulness of Verv Rev. Father Sorin fora large and 
splendid cake at New Year’s. The cake was un- 
doubtedly good, and enjoyed as cakes generally 
are by those who have a- good appetite, but the 
thoughtfulness of the donor amid the many cares 
of his exalted position was better still and was 
fully appreciated. The printers express the hope 
that Father Sorin may live ma_ny years to bestow 
similar favors. 

— The pleasant Christmas address of Father 
Sorin, General of the Congregation of the Holy 
Cross, to the young “ Princes ’’ of the Minim de- 
partment of Notre Dame, reaches us too late for - 
publication in this number, for which if is partic- 
ularly suitable, as it tells how the “ Queen of 
Snow ” enabled him to build a palace for Catholic- 
education in the midst of a trackless forest. Fa- 
ther Sorin disclaims the gift of poetry, which 
those who know him will be disposed to deny, ' 
after reading this picturesque address. He has, 
however, made poetry in verse and prose, but, best 
of all, in stone arid mortar and Catholic work he • 
has.been.a true rotij-njc. — Catholic Revieiv. 


2 7 o' THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


— The Phonography Classes now number about 
29 members, with new accessions from week to 
week. According to recent tests the speed of the stu- 
dents in phonography varies from 125 to 30 words 
a minute. The method of instruction is personal, 
not according to the general class principle, thus 
affording ambitious students ample scope for im- 
provement. Early speed is not insisted upon, but 
rather discouraged; the teachers claim that when the 
principles are thoroughly mastered, and correct hab- 
its formed, speed is only question of a little time, 
and issure to come. The advanced students in pho- 
nography, and former members of the classes, ex- 
perience no difficulty whatever in reading one an- 
other’s notes. 

— Midnight Mass.— On Monday at midnight 
it was the privilege, of The Times reporter to wit- 
ness by far the grandest religious ceremony il has 
ever been his lot to behold, and that was the 
celebration of solemn High Mass in the superb 
church edifice at Notre Dame. Hundreds of peo- 
ple attended the services from this city, some walk- 
ing all the distance, notwithstanding the cold 
weather and bad walking, and the grandeur of the 
ceremony well repaid any effort made to be enabled 
to attend. The immense edifice was crowded, and 
the beautiful interior of the church was even more 
beautiful from the innumerable candles placed about 
the altar and the many lamps that were suspended 
at various places in the edifice. Solemn High Mass 
began, with Rev. Father Walsh as the cele- 
brant; Father Spillai’d, deacon, and Father Camp- 
bell, subdeacon. The services were most solemn 
and impressive, the music was particularly fine, and 
the ceremonies will be long remembered for their 
solemnity and grandeur. One voice in the choir, 
that of Geo. Schaefer, one of the boy students at 
the University, was particularly fine, and for sweet- 
ness and power it would be difficult to find an 
equal, and impossible to find a superior among those 
of his 3’ears. The services occupied about one and 
one-half hour, and the great audience dispersed, 
with a feeling that they had fittingly celebrated 
the opening hours of the. day of our Saviour’s birth. 
On' Christmas morning, low Masses were cele- 
brated, and at 10 o’clock Rev. Father Walsh de- 
livered a pointed and powerful sermon in the church 
to a large assemblage of students, people of the par- 
ish, and others from South Bend and distant points. 
— South-Be 7 td Times , Dec. 2Q. 


ORTHOGRAPHICAL. 

A young lady said to her beau: 

“ I’m glad the sneau’s coming down seau, 
Because now, I kneau, 

We’ll a sleigh -riding geau. ; 

So hail to the beautiful sneau ! ” 

The youth shook his head and he sighed, 

“ I’m sorry,” he sadly : replighed; 

“ I can’t hire a sleigh. 

For I’m dead broke to-deigh. 

And : the pleasure to : us is denighed.” 

— Somerville ySuVhaU 


Saint fflary's Academy. 


One Mile West of Notre. Dame University. 


— The Mass of midnight at St. Mary’s was cele- 
brated by the Rev. Chaplain, and the Catholic 
pupils received Holy Communion. The Masses 
at six o’clock and at half- past six were offered by 
Rev. Father Saulnier; the High Mass, at eight 
o’clock, by Rev. Father Shortis. The Pastorcs , 
the Nolite and the Adeste Fideles are eminently 
calculated to arouse the spirit of love and adoration 
which reigned around the Crib of Bethlehem at 
the Birth of our Divine Saviour: and in rich, stir- 
ring tones of melody they echoed above the rep- 
resentation of the Mystery, erected at the west side' 
of the main altar in the chapel. 

— Among the numerous graceful and exquisite 
gifts received at St. Mary’s, one from CajDt. Lind- 
sey, of Denver, Col., deserves special notice. It is a 
very handsome Christmas card, containing a beauti- 
ful photographic reproduction of the Madonna Di 
Poligno j or La V ierge A 11 Donaiaire of Raphael. 
A full and excellent description of the picture, also 
its history, in Capt. Lindsey’s elegant handwriting; 
accompanied the picture. The original is now in 
the V atican, and, to quote, “ has received the high- 
est encomiums for its spirit and execution, in its 
several parts and as a whole. It has been pro- 
nounced one of Raphael’s most remarkable exam- 
ples for the expression of character, and one of the 
most vigorous in coloring and general execution.” 

— Among the many beautiful “ Bethlehems ” at 
St. Mary’s, the most elaborate and unique is that' 
in the Novitiate. The Nativity, painted by' Per- 
ugino, the first teacher of the great Raphael, is' 
brought out in relief and enlarged so as to occupy 
the entire end of the assembly-room. The city 
of Bethlehem is seen at the right of the picture, 
with the mountains, beneath which stand a group 
of the Roman soldiery. A little farther on, we 
see another group of indifferent Hebrews, who are' 
passing by. In the centre, in His cradle of straw, 
is the Divine Babe, His Holj r Mother kneeling by 
in adoration on the left hand, and St. Joseph is ap- 
proaching from the stable where the ox and ass 
are feeding. On the right of the Holy Child kneel 
two shepherds, with rustic offerings; while over' 
all, the angels, vieing with the stars in beauty and 
brightness, sing their glad anthems. The lights 
are so disposed as to produce an admirable effect; 
especialR in the evening. 

— New Year’s is the daj r bj' excellence, when the 
accounts of the the past year are balanced, and all 
“ turn over a new leaf.” It is the dav of universal 
cordial greeting. Miss Belle Johnson, on the part 
of the young ladies, offered the New Year congrat- 
ulations to the Prefect of Studies just after break- 
fast, before leaving the Refectory. At half-past 
two, pupils and superiors assembled in the study- 
hall with a number of invited guests. Miss Reilly * 
opened the programme ' in a' beautifully executed-* 


THE NOTRE NAME SCHOLASTIC 1 


iff 


piece of instrumental music on the piano; Miss 
Johnson read the New Year’s greeting from the 
Seniors to Very Rev. Father General, and Miss 
Bruhn delivered one from all the pupils to Mother 
Superior. Miss Holt recited a poem by 'Mrs. 
Preston, and Clara Richmond gave the “ Origin 
of the Opal.” Miss B. English followed with a 
vocal piece — Millard’s Ave Maria. She was suc- 
ceeded by Mary Dillon, who recited, in a very ef- 
fective manner, a poetical address from the Juniors 
to Father General, and Mary Lindsey closed the 
entertainment with a well-rendered recitation. 

— The Christmas tree found congenial soil this 
year in the Minims’ room. Santa Claus, as he pre- 
sided, with a more than druidical gravity, looking 
down from the topmost bough, seemed to indicate 
his indebtedness to the two guests who honored 
him with their presence. He would open and 
close his eyes most expressively, and as the tree- 
was all ablaze with wax tapers and marvellous 
sparkling pendants, scintillating amid, wonderful 
toys of every description, Mrs. Papin, of St. Louis, 
and Mrs. English, of Columbus, could not deny 
that he was acting as their agent — or vice versa. 
Every Minim received a beautiful gift, and when 
the tree had shed the last of its fruits, a smile of 
satisfaction completely irradiated every face in the 
room, from the dignified donors down to the di- 
minutive rosv-cheeked recipients of the Christmas 
favors. 

— On Thursday, the Feast of St. John the 
Evangelist, a programme was presented in the 
study-hall, complimentary to Very Rev. Father 
Genera], who met the young ladies there at 2 p. m. 
The entertainment was honored by the presence 
of the V ery Rev. Fathers Granger and Rez<$, Rev. 
Fathers L’Etourneau, Spillard, Shortis, Saulnier, 
Frere, Gleason, and Duhald. 

The programme was brief, but very pleasing. 
Miss Gove played a beautiful instrumental piece, 
and the Misses Reilly and Bruhn sang; the former 
a composition from Rossini, the latter the popular 
air, “ Come, Buy my Roses Red!”; Miss Camp- 
bell presented the greeting of the day, and little 
Mary Lindsey recited Miss Donnelly’s exquisite 
“ Minnie’s. Christmas Sermon.” Afterwards,- the 1 
company and pupils repaired to the chapel, where 
Very Rev. Father General gave Benediction of 
the Blessed Sacrament, during which the Adeste 
JPidelcs was sung by the Rev. Fathers Duhald and 
Frere, of Notre Dame, the Convent and Academy 
choirs, together with the large number of priests 
present, joining in the chorus, with excellent ef- 
fect. 


Address. 

READ BY-MISS CATHARINE CAMPBELL, OS THE FEAST OF 
ST. JOHA' THE EVANGELIST. 


.Long- desertations, astute criticisms 
Portraying beauties and sublimities 
Of classic poets, meet us everywhere: 
Homer and Virgil, of the ancient days; 
Dante, Boccaccio, Petrarch, later still ; 


Shakespeare and Milton — but among them all, ' 

Not one in inspiration can compare 
With the celestial Poet whose glad Feast 
Wesoiemnize to-day. 

Not one, in force 
Or grandeur of expression, can pretend 
The least approach. > 

_ To lofty scope of thought. 

To purity and strength, he adds a power 
Before which all the artful grace of style 
Pales, like the taper in the noonday sun. 

The eagle-eve of Saint John, upward cast, 

Beheld, with steadfast gaze, the Son of God 
In His unfathomed glory; saw the streets 
Of the Celestial City paved with gold; 

Its gates of pearl, its river crystal clear. 

Flowing in beauty ’neath the “Tree of Life;” 

Nor were these figures, but eternal: truths ; 

Not fancies, but realities divine. 

Dear Father, while we gather, as- of old. 

To celebi ate your chosen Patron’s Feast, 

We cannot fail recalling your career 
Of charity to our loved native land. 

The “ Saint of Charity.” bv excellence. 

Is great- St. John. 

His legacy divine. 

By grace of Heaven and humble heartedness; 

You have received in most abundant measure. 

You and vour ardent confreres in the work, 

In power thereby imparted to your zeal, 

Have made “ the desert blossom as the rose.” 

Where others, in discouragement and fear, 

Would have turned back, von have pressed boldly on. 
The future — the glad future must reveal 
The glory of the labor Faith has wrought. 

In spreading far and wide the heavenly fame 
Of Her, whom, standing ’neath the Holy Cross, 

St. John received as Mother of the racel 
In the “new birth,” the birth of grace divine,'. 

Of Her, whose Son — the Son of God as well— 
Expiring, ieft to earth this grand bequest; 

Beneath Her smile meek Science walks the earth; 
With calm, majestic tread. 

She spreads abroad 

That intellectual vigor which transforms 
This Vale of Exile to a Land of Hope; 

No longer grovelling, like barbaric tribes. 

Slaves to 1 their lower being, slaves to sense; 

The race, ennobled, after heaven aspires; 

And culture of the God-like in the heart 
Become the pleasure of the Christian soul — 

Such culture is your life zvork! 

What could be 

More blissful than the treasure now possessed 
In the glad consciousness of such a power? 

Our Father, thanking you, as best we can. 

For all we owe you — the celestial debt 
Which earth can never pay — with truthful hearts - 
We wish you, o’er and o'er, “ A happy Feast 
And many bright returns! ” 

Each heart shall be ‘ 

An Isle of Patmos, where our gratitude - 
Shall live forever, waiting the glad day 
When. Heaven shall open on the receding earth 
And faithful souls behold what Saint John saw. 


THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC. 


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The University affords every facility for acquiring- a thorough knowledge of 

CLASSICS, LAW, 

MATHEMATICS, MEDICINE, 

SCIENCE, MUSIC. 

To such as wish to devote themselves to Commercial pursuits, Notre Dame gives a more thorough business training 
than can be obtained in an}' purely Commercial College. 

THE COMMERCIAL COURSE 

has always received the most careful attention on the part of the officers and Commercial Faculty ol the Institution. 

In all the courses the best sj-stems of teaching are adopted and the best authors for each branch selected. 

New Students will be received at any time, their term beginning with date of entrance. 

Catalogues, giving full particulars, will be sent free on application to the President. 

For further particulars, or Catalogue, address 

Rev. T. EL WALSH, O. S. C., 

Notre Dame P. O., Indiana. 


L. S. k 1. 8. Railway. 


On and after Sunday. Nov. iS, 1SS3, trains will leave 
South Bend, as follows: 

GOING EAST: 

2.04 a.m., Chicago and St. Louis Express, over Main 
Line, arrives at Toledo, 9.22 a.m.; Cleveland, 1.57 p.m.; 
Buffalo, 7.36 p.m. 

10.54 a.m., Mail, over Main Line, arrives at Toledo, 5.07 
p.m.; Cleveland, 9.44 p.m.; Buffalo, 3.3 r a.m. 

S.41 p.m., Atlantic Express, over Air Line. Arrives at 
Toledo, 2.17 a.m.; Cleveland, 6.37 a.m.; Buffalo, 12.46 p.m. 

11 -53 P- m -> Special New York Express, over Air Line, 
arrives at Toledo, 5.12 p.m.; Cleveland, 9.42 p.m.; Buffalo, 
3.31 a.m. 

5.54 p.m., Limited Express. Arrives at Toledo, 10.00 
p.m.; Cleveland, 1.07 a.m.; Buffalo, 6.41 a.m. 

GOING WEST: 

2.04 a.m., Toledo Express. Arrives at Laporte, 2.56 a.m., 
Chicago, 5.41 a.m. 

4.2S a.m., Pacific Express. Arrives at Laporte, 5.22 a.m. 
Chicago, 7.51 a.m. 

7.1 1 a.m, Limited Express. Arrives at Laporte, 7.52 a.m. 
Chicago, 10.11 a.m. 

1.02 p.m., Special Michigan Express. Arrives at Laporte, 
2.02 p.in,; Chesterton, 2.47 p.m.; Chicago, 4.31 p.m. 

4.07 p.m., Special Chicago Express. Arrives at Laporte, 
4-54 p.m.; Chicago, 7.31 p.m. 

F. C. RAFF, Ticket Agt., South Bend. 

T W. CARY, Gen’l. Ticket Agt., Cleveland. 

A. G. AMSDEN, Sup. W: Div., Chicago. 

W. P JOHNSON, Gen’l Pass. Agent, Chicago. 

P. P. WRIGHT, Gen’l Sup., Cleveland. 

TOHN NEWELL. Gen’l M’ger, CleveHnd. 


BOO ICEI^DORF, 

FLORIST. 


RARE and BEDDING PLANTS 

ALWAYS ON HAND. 


ALSO, 

CUT FLOWERS, DESIGNING, 
and DECORATING. 


GREENHOUSE, 217 JEFFERSON ST., 

SOUTH BEND, IND. 


TS 

MUNN' & CO., of the Scientific American, con- 
tinue to net ns Solicitors lor retools. Caveats, Trade 
Marks, Copyrights, for the United Slates, Canada, 
England. 1'ty.nce, Germany, etc. liana Book about 
Ueients sent free. Thirty-coven years’ experience. 

Patents obtained threneh MCXM & CO. a: e noticed 
in the Scientific American, the largest, t est, and 
most v.v'eiy circulated seient :o ; ;• - per. ?3.20 u year. 
Weekly. Splendid encrav : ms and interesting in- 
formation. S-'-ecimen copy < i the Scienti fic Amer- 
ican sent free. A ddress ?>! UXX & CO- SCIENTIFIC 
American OPiee, 2 .1 r- r.-r.d-vay , New York. ; 



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