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Sisce quasi semper vietums ; rive quasi eras moritoms. 

Voi.. XVIII. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, MAY 23, 1885. No. 37. 

The Old Church.* 

Stick by stick, and brick by brick, 

With rope and saw, with hammer and pick. 

They have taken the old church down. 

Ah, rude was the work, though gently done. 

And sad was the triumph the workman won. 

When the dear old walls were down 1 

And many a stidng of the soul and the heart 
In sorrow and pain Avas forced apart. 

While the loved and the old came doAvn ! 

No more the altar, chaste and bright. 

Shall lift to heaven its blessed light. 

Altar and lights are down. 

The tabernacle, home of Love, 

Sweet seraph rest of the heavenly Dove, 

Alas 1 that too is doAvn. 

No more the eye is fastened there. 

The spirit rapt in silent prayer, 

Alas, alas, ’tis doAvn ! 

Around the Avail, no more shall we 
The sad procession sorrowing see. 

The Stations all are down. 

The Christ no more upon the Cross, 

Winning us from our fearful loss. 

Shall hang in suttering doAvn. 

Her speechless grief no more alarms. 

Dead to all but the Dead in her arms. 

As she looks in agony doAvn. 

Where Spalding, Purcell, Smarius preached. 

Whence grace so oft our poor hearts reached. 

The pulpit too is doAvn. 

The rich-toned organ noAv no more 
Shall SAvell and echo, o’er and o’er. 

The golden pipes are doAvn. 

The purple light, in AvaA-^e on Avave, 

No more through transept and through naA’^e 
Shall come in glory doAvn. 

The godlike Eye, that gazed on high 
As if our immost soul ’tAVould spy. 

Shall look no longer doAvn. 

♦ This poem originally appeared in the Scholastic 
about ten years ago and is noAv i-epublished by request. 
The thoughts expressed in the verses are recalled by the 
present demolition of the last I'emaining 'Aving of the old 
church. — [E d.] 

And many an eye of blessed priest, 

Like that kind Eye, its look has ceased. 

And the voice no more comes down. 

Gone, too, the font and the stool and the rail. 

Where bishop and priest to the sinner pale. 

Brought Heaven lovingly down. 

Aj'e, gone are our hearts Avith the blissful days 
When AA'e knelt in those aisles for prayer and praise. 
Gone Avith their memory doAvn. 

The temple, rising stately, grand. 

Will shine more glorious o’er the land. 

Than that Avhich noAv is doAvn. 

But AA-e, remembering, still shall thirst 
For the beauty and glory of the first. 

The church they have taken doAvn. 


The Literature of Greece. 

One of the most striking features in the history 
of the Grecian people is the perfection Avhich 
they attained in literature and art. It was 
their intellectual activity and their keen apprecia- 
tion of the beautiful that constantly gave birth to 
new forms of creative genius. There was an un- 
interrupted progress in the development of the 
Grecian mind from the earliest dawn of the his- 
tory of the people to the downfall of their political 
independence; and age after age saw the pro- 
duction of some of those master-works of 'genius 
which have been the models and the admiration 
of all subsequent time. In ancient times there ex- 
isted two great schools of epic poetry. The first 
comprised poems relating to the great events of 
the heroic age and were characterized by a certain 
poetical unity ; the second included works tamer 
in character and more desultory in the mode of 
treatment, containing the genealogies of men and 
gods, narratives of the exploits of individual heroes, 
and descriptions of the ordinary pursuits of life. 
The poems of the former class were called Homeric 
and the second Hesiodan. The first class were the 
productions of the Ionic and .<rEolic minstrels in 
Asia Minor, among whom Homer stood pre-em- 
inent and eclipsed the brightness of the rest: the 
second class were the compositions of a school of 
bards in the neighborhood of Mount Helicon in 
Bceotia, among whom, in like manner, Hesiod en- 



joj’^ed the greatest celebrity. The poems of both 
schools, it is said, were composed in the hexameter 
verse and in a similar dialect; but in almost every 
other feature they differed widely. We shall 
speak first of the Homeric poems. 

Homer was almost worshipped the Greeks, 
by whom he was called the “ Poet.” The lUad 
and the Odyssey were the Greek Bible. They 
were the ultimate standard of appeal on all 
matters of religious doctrine and eai'l}’^ history. 
They were learned by boys at school, they were the 
study of men in their riper years, and even in the 
time of old Socrates there were Athenian gentle- 
men who could repeat both poems by heart. 
Wherever a Greek settled, he would carry with 
him a love for the great poet, and when the 
Greeks lost their independence, the Iliad and the 
Odyssey still maintained an undiminished hold 
upon their affections. Wh}'-, then, should any one 
wonder that seven cities — Smyrna, Chios, Colo- 
phon, Salamis, Rhodes, Argos, and Athens — each 
laid claim to the honor of being his birth-place? 

Three works have come down to us by tradition 
bearing the name of Hesiod — the “Works and 
Days”; the “ Theogony,” and a description of the 
“ Shield of Hercules.” The first two were genei'ally 
considered in antiquity as the genuine productions of 
Hesiod; but the “Shield of Hercules,” and the 
other Hesiodic poems were admitted to be the 
compositions of other poets of his school. It is to 
his brother that he addresses his didactic poem of 
the “Works and Days,” in which he la)2s down 
various moral and social maxims for the regula- 
tion of his conduct and life. 

Greek lyric poetry commenced as a cultivated 
species of composition from the middle of the 
seventh century before the Christian era. In the 
Ionic -^olic colonies of Asia Minor, and in the 
Doric cities of the Peloponnesus an advancing 
civilization and an enlarged experience had called 
into existence new thoughts and feelings, and sup- 
plied new subjects for the muse. At the same 
time, epic poetry, after reaching its climax of ex- 
cellence in the Iliad and Odyssej'^, had fallen into 
the hands of inferior bards. The national genius, 
however, was still in all the bloom and vigor of its 
32outh,‘and the decay of epic minstrelsy only stimu- 
lated it more vigorously to present in a new style 
of poetiy the new circumstances . and feelings of 
the age. The same desire of change and of 
adapting the subjects of poetry to the altered con- 
dition of society was of itself sufficient to induce 
poets to vary the metre; but the more immediate 
cause of this alteration was the improvement of 
the arts of music by the Lesbian Terpander and 
others, in the beginning of the seventh century 
B. C. 

The lyric poems of the Greeks were composed, 
not for the solitary reader in his chamber, but to be 
sung on festive occasions, either public or private, 
with the accompaniment of a musical instrument. 
Hence there was a necessary connection between 
the arts of music and of poetry; and an improve- 
rment in the one led to a corresponding improve- 
ment in the other. No important, event either in 

the public or private life of a Greek, could dis- 
pense with this accompaniment; and also the 
song was equally needed to solemnize the wor- 
ship of the gods, to cheer the march to battle, 
or to enliven the festive board. But it is to be 
regretted that lyi'ic poetry has almost entirely 
perished, and all that we possess of it consists of 
a few songfs and isolated frasrments. Yet what 
remains of it, enables us to form an opinion of its 
sui'passing excellence. It should onlj"^ be one’s aim 
to call attention to the most distinguished masters 
of lyric song, and to illustrate their genius by a 
few specimens of. their remains. 

The great satirist Archilochus was one of the 
earliest and most celebrated of all lyric poets. 
He flourished about the year 700 B. C. His ex- 
traordinary poetical genius is attested by the unan- 
imous voice of antiquity which placed him on 
a level with Homer. He was the first Greek 
poet who composed iambic verses according to 
fixed rules; the invention of the elegy is ascribed 
to him as well as to Callinus. His fame, however, 
rests chiefl}’^ on his terrible satires composed in the 
iambic metre, which we find in “ Horace’s Ars 

“ Archilochum proprio rabies armavit lambo.” 

He was very poor, and was a suitor to 
Neobule, daughter of Lycambes, but his suit was 
rejected, for which reason he, being so enraged, 
held up the family in public scorn, in an iambic 
poem, accusing Lycambes of perjury and his 
daughters of the most abandoned profligacy. 
His lampoons produced such an effect that the 
daughters of Lycambes are said to have hanged 
themselves through shame. He was discontented 
at home, and on that account went to Thaos on 
an expedition; but neither was he happ^^^ there, 
as he writes when attacking that place in his 
satires. He passed a great deal of his life in wan- 
derings, arid finally fell in a battle between the 
Parians and Naxians. He possessed high attributes 
of style, as the following will show : 

“ My soul, my soul, careworn, bereft of rest, 

Arise ! and front the foe with dauntless breast ; 

Take thy firm stand amidst his fierce alarms. 

Secure, with inborn valor meet his arms. 

Nor conquering, yield, fall down at home and Aveep, 
AAvait the turns of life A\-ith duteous aAve ; 

KnOAv Revelation is great nature’s laAv.” 

Simonides, a native of Amorgos, was contem- 
porarjf with Archilochus, with whom he shares the 
honor of inventing the iambic metre. He is the 
earliest of the gnomic poets, or moralists in verse. 
The most important of his extant works is a satirical 
poem on “Women,” in which he describes their 
various characters. In order to give a livelier 
image of the female beauty, he derives their differ- 
ent qualities from the variety of their origin, — the 
cunning woman being formed from the fox, the 
talkative woman- from the dog, and so on. The 
following will give an idea of his sentiments as 
expressed in verse: 

“ Next in the lot a gallant dame Ave see, 

Sprung from a mare of noble pedigree. 

No servile Avork her spirit proud can brook — . 



Her hands were never taught to iahe or cooh. 

The vapor of the oven makes her ill, 

She scorns to empty slofs or turn the mill; 

No household washings her fair skin deface, 

Her own ablutions are her chief solace. 

Three baths a day, Avith balms and perfumes rare, 
Refresh her tender limbs : her long, rich hair 
Each time she combs, and decks AA’ith blooming 

No spouse more fit than she the idle hours 

Of Avealthy lords or kings to recreate 

And grace the splendor of their country state ; 

For men of humbler sort, no better guide 
Heaven in its AA^rath to’ ruin can provide.” 

Tyrtteus and Aleman were the two great lyric 
poets of Sparta. Tyrtteus was a warrior. He was 
in great demand by many nations to encourage 
their warriors to fight by his warlike songs. His 
most celebrated song is the following: 

“ To the field, to the field, gallant Spartan band. 

Worthy sons, like your sires, of our Avarlike land I 
Let each arm be prepared for its part in the fight; 

Fix the shield on the left, poise the spear Avith the I’ight. 
Let no care for your liA-es in your bosoms find place. 

No such care kncAv the heroes of old Spartan race. 

Aleman lived about from 670-611 B. C. His 
poems were of repose and enjoyment after the 
fatigues and perils of war. Many of his songs 
celebrate the pleasure of good eating and drink- 
ing; but the more important were intended to be 
sung by a chorus at the public festivals of Sparta. 
His description of night is one of the most strik- 
ing remains of his genius : — 

“Noav o’er the droAVSy earth still night prevails. 

Calm sleep the mountain tops and shady vales. 

The rugged cliffs and holloAv glens; 

The wild beasts slumber in their dens. 

The cattle on the hill. Deep in the sea 
The countless finny race and monster brood 
Tranquil repose. Even the busy bee 
Forgets her daily toil. The silent Avood 
No more Avith noisj' hum of insect rings. 

And all the feathered tribes, by gentle sleep subdued. 
Roost in the glade, and hang their drooping Avings.” 

This sort of poetry was also improved by Arion 
and Stesichofus. Of the history of Arion, little 
is known, and he died very earl}- before he was 
able to accomplish little or nothing. 

Stesichorus was a native of Himera in Sicily. He 
was born in the j'ear 633 B. C., and flourished 
about 60S B. C. He is said to have made great 
improvements in the Greek chorus. He was the 
first to break the monotony of the choral song — 
which had consisted before of nothing more than one 
uniform stanza — ^by dividing it into the sirofhe., 
the antistrofhe and the epodus, the turn., the’ 
return and the rest. Alcteus and Sappho were 
both natives of Mytilene in the Island of Lesbos, 
and flourished about 610-5S0 B. C. Their songs 
were composed for a single Amice, and not for the 
chorus; both were inventors of new metres which 
bear their names, and are familiar to us by the pdesof 
Horace. Their poetry was the warm out-pouring 
of the writers’ inmost feelings, and pi'esents . the 
lyric poetry of the ..rEolians at its highest point. 
Alcaeus is renowned for his warlike odes. The 
following is a fragment of one : 

“ From floor to floor, the spacious palace halls 
Glitter Avith Avar’s array ; 

With burnished metal clad, the lofty Avails 
Beam like the bright noon day.' ‘ ' 

There Avhite-plumed helmets hang from many a hail 
Above in threatening roAA*; 

Steel-garnished tunics and broad coats of mail spread 
o’er the space beloAv; 

Chalcedeon blades enoAV, and belts are here, 

Greaves and emblazoned shields, 

Well-tried protectors from the hostile spear 
On other. battle fields, — 

AVith these good helps our AA'ork of Avar’s begun, — 
With these our victory must be AA'on. 

Sappho was contemporary with Alcaeus. Plato 
calls her in an extant epigram the tenth Muse; and 
e\mn Solon, on hearing the recital of one of her po- 
ems, expressed a vvish not to die until he would have 
it committed to memory. Of her life, little is known. 
In several of her fragments we perceive the ex- 
quisite taste with which she . employed images 
drawn from nature, of which we have an example 
in the beautiful line imitated by Lord Gordon 
Noel Byron : — 

“O Hesperus, thou bringest all things!” 

Anacreon is the last lyric poet of this period 
who claims our attention. He spent part of his 
life at Samos, where he wrote many songs. Uni- 
versal tradition of antiquity represents Anacreon 
as a consummate voluptuary ; and his poems prove 
the truth of this tradition. He sings of love and 
wine with hearty, good will, and we see in him the 
luxury of the Idnians inflamed by the fervor of 
the poet. His death was worthy of his life — if we 
may believe the account that he was choked by a 
grape stone. Very few fragments of his writings 
are extant, since it is universally acknowledged 
that they were too spurious to be preserved. 

Down to the end of the seventh century before 
Christ, literary celebrity in Greece was exclusiv^ely 
confined to the poets; but at the commencement 
of the following century there sprang up in differ- 
ent parts of Greece a number of men who, under the 
name of the “ SeA’^en Sages,” became distinguished 
for their wise sayings or maxims. Their names 
are Solon, Thales, Pittacus, Periandle, Cleobulus, 
Chilo, and Bias. Most of these personages were 
always actively engaged in the affairs, of public 
life, and exercised great influences upon their con- 
temporaries. They were the authors of the cele- 
brated mottoes inscribed in later days in the Del- 
phian temple: “Know thyself”; “Nothing too 
much”; “ Know thy opportunity ”; “ Surety -ship is 
the precursor of men.” 

The history of Greek philosophy begins with 
' Thales of Miletus, who was born about 640 B. C., 
and died in .550 B. C. He founded the Ionic 
school of philosophy, and to him were traced the 
first beginnings of .geometry and astronomy. His 
main teaching was that water or fluid substance 
was the single original -element from which every- 
thing came and into which everything returned. 
A.naximander, his successor in the Ionic school, was 
the first to introduce the sun-dial into Greece. An- 
aximenes, the third in the series of Ionic philosophy, 
endeavored, like Thales, to derive the origin of all 
material things from a single element; and ac- 
cording to his theory, air was the source of life. 



In like mannei', Heraclitus of Ephesus, who flour- 
ished about 513 B. C., regarded fire or heat as the 
pi'iraaiy form of all matter. Anaxagoras, the most 
illustrious of all Ionic philosophers, abandoned the 
sj’^stem of his predecessors, and, instead of regard- 
ing some elementary foi'ra of matter as the origin 
of all things, he conceived a supreme mind or in- 
telligence, distinct from the visible world, to have 
imparted form and matter to the chaos of natui'e. 
He taught such men as Pericles, Socrates and 
Euripides. The 3d school was the Eleatic, deriving 
its name from Elea or Velia, a Greek colony on 
the western coast of southern Italy, founded by 
Xenophanes of Colophon. He conceived the 
whole of nature to be god, and did not hesitate to 
denounce as abominable the Homeric descriptions 
of the gods. Parmenides and Zeno were his dis- 
ciples. The 3d school of philosoph}*^ was founded 
by P}rthagoras — very little of his teachings are now 
known. True it is, however, that he believed in 
the rtansmigration of the souls; as it is related by 
his contemporary Xenophanes, that he, upon see- 
ing a dog beaten, interceded in its behalf, saying: 
“It is the soul of a friend of mine whom I recog- 
nize by its voice.” The foregoing presents but 
a glimpse of the beauty one derives from the 
study of the Grecian wise men. The amount of 
learning that may be obtained from their works is 
astonishing. It is, indeed, too true, as a certain 
poet sings : 

“Greece! Greece! mighty thou hast ever been ! 

’Tis in letters, ’tis in warriors, and ’tis in sages, too. 

That Thou, where’er they be or where’er tliey shall be. 
Wilt ever be there too.” 

G. H. S., ’85. 

Something About Coal.* 

The more we study, the farther we advance in 
the sciences, so much the more will we be able to 
appreciate the beauties and works of nature. Yet, 
while we seemingly advance towards discovering 
those hidden laws of nature, we are retreating in an- 
other way. Our stronghold of boasted knowledge 
is shattered and sundered, our best theories seem 
absurdities, and ultimately we are forced to ac- 
knowledge that we know nothing. 

Man is ever busy in his efforts to aid himself; 
all his works are marked by a certain amount of 
destruction and waste. His ambition seems to be 
“ that his memory may be kept green ” ; and though 
time may destroy most of his works, yet nature 
will wrap some in shrouds of stone, where they 
may be studied, perhaps by scientists of another race. 
Untiring nature is ever busy, and strata upon 
strata are the monuments of her work. Man is 
endbwed with many precious gifts, each of priceless 
value, and great, indeed, is that one which allows 
him to make known his thoughts to others. Yet 
he cannot penetrate the gloom that precedes and 
follows his career, except by interpreting from the 
word and works of God. 

* Paper read before the Notre Dame Scientific Associa- 
tion by Delano C. Saviers, ’86. 

What revolutions our globe has passed through, 
preceding the time of man, is faithfully recorded 
by nature; and the geologist reads from her hiero- 
gl3’^phics, in the various strata, what were the con- 
ditions and various changes in past ages — many are 
the subjects and theories in Geology — all pleasing 
to discuss; ^’^et, knowing but little of that of which 
I would I knew more, I will confine myself to a 
few words upon coal. 

In Geology, when speaking of time, we speak 
not of da}’^s or years, but of ages, and by that is 
meant unknown time wherein certain o;eneral 
changes were effected upon the earth, and it is from 
these changes and effects that the ages derive their 
names. We will first speak of the carboniferous 
age — the third period of Paleozoic time. We 
find that wood and coal are composed of the 
same elements — carbon, hj’^drogen, and oxygen — 
but in different proportions. We will leave the ex- 
planation of how wood is transformed into coal to 
the chemist, and onlj? mention the intermediate 

In the spring of the )'^ear, when rivers are swollen 
by rain and snow, the}’^ cany awa}"^ with them trees, 
branches, and all kinds of floating material. Thou- 
sands and thousands of trees are thus transported 
from forests and swamps, and miles of this debris 
and drift wood have been found at the termina- 
tion of I'i vers. Y ear after year have witnessed these 
accumulations in different parts of the world. 
Next let us notice some of the great forest-covered 
swamps like those near the Mississippi. Here ai'e 
found a dense growth of reeds and shrubs, while 
herbage of every kind is mixed up with the fallen 
trunks of rtees; and if vegetation seems plenty 
now, what must it have been during the carbon- 
iferous age, when it was more abundant, when its 
growth was unlimited? 

Let us look at peat formation. A few feet be- 
low the surface of swamps has often been found 
a substance resemblinsr coal Ivincr. intei'mincfled 
with rotten logs and sticks, this is called peat; it 
is the principal fuel in Ireland, and large areas of 
the country are covered by 'these peat bogs; it is 
also found in Scotland and the United States. 
One of these beds found in Main was twenty feet 
in thickness. Lignite occupies an intermediate 
place between peat and coal, it being more brittle 
and firm than the former, and more resembles the 
latter in appearance. Both of these exhibit the 
fibrous structure of the original vegetation, as 
coal is only raetamorphized vegetation. In ex- 
amining coal, we find the remains of many spe- 
cies of plants, often the trunks of trees, standing 
erect in these coal beds, while their upper portions 
lie near; and these trunks that once were seven or 
eierht feet in circumference are found flattened to 
the thickness of a couple of inches. 

In Geology we study from results, and judge the 
subject from their remains. When we pick up a 
shell we naturally conclude that the animal that 
inhabited it was of the same structure as the space 
enclosed by the interior of the shell. So, when we 
come across such impressions in the strata of the 
earth, we say such and such an animal or plant 



must have lived during the formation of that strata. | 

All men’s foi'e fingei'S, when impressed upon ! 
wax, leave the same general impression, yet each | 
differs on closer examination; thus the various j 
strata are general in appearance to the ordinary 
observer, yet each differs from the other, and it is 
from this that the geologist can tell the animals 
and plants that lived during the different ages. 
These strata are composed of worked-over mate-, 
rial, together with the remains of animals and veg- 

In speaking of the carboniferous age, with its 
forests, jungles and floating islands, we may say 
that thus far about 900 species of plants are known. 
Among these fossils we find fern, like the common 
fern of to-day ; also ti'ee ferns that towered twenty 
or thirty feet in the air, bearing at the top radiat- 
ing tufts. Also do we find leaves, stems and nut- 
like fruits, and all of these far exceed in size and 
perfection those of the present day. The skele- 
tons of diffei'ent species of mullusca, articulates, 
radiates, and some forms of the lower vertebrates, 
are found in coal beds. 

In the carboniferous age more carbon acid was 
contained in the atmosphere than now, thus aiding 
the growth of vegetation. Vegetation helped to 
purify the air, by absorbing the carbonic acid, 
thus preparing and making it suitable for the 
higher animals. As already observed, nature is ever 
busy; ever converting one substance into another; 
gathering that which man casts aside and con- 
verting it into other substances which he is pleased 
to use. Thus it is, ever changing yet loosing 
nothing, she continues her work. Man may make 
use of her productions and may think that her 
supply will soon be exhausted, yet, on the contrary, 
it seems the more we use the more we find. Coal 
is confined to no one region, nor can it be said to 
be scarce. It is found in the Arctic regions. 
Great Britain, German}^, France, Spain, and the 
other countries of Europe; also Asia, Africa and 
America. Coal beds are generally found resting 
upon a bed of grayish or bluish clay called “ under 
•day,” or upon sandstone or shale, while above 
\r^Wiay be found sandstone, shale, conglomerate or 
limestone. The beds may vary from a fraction 
of an inch to thirty or forty feet in — 
though from 7 to 10 feet is considei'ed a good bed. 

It has been calculated that the amount of coal in 
a single coal scam six inches thick, is greater than 
the most luxuriant vegetation of the present day 
could produce in 1,300 years; and as a 3 feet seam 
is the thinnest that can be worked to an advantage, 
it would require 7,200 years. 

Coal varies in kind, being anthracite, bitumin- 
ous, brown and cannel-coal; it also varies in regard 
to the im|Durities present. All contain more or 
less earthy matter which remains, after being 
burned, in the shape of ashes and slag. The gases 
that are given ofl pass into the great woi'kshop of 
nature, are absorbed by vegetation, and the endless 
chain of transformation into coal may again ensue. 
As stated already, coal is confined to no one region; 
and in order that you may have some idea of the 
immense quantities of this useful mineral, I may 

mention the fact that Great Britain produces about 
65,000,000 tons of coal every year, and it is cal- 
culated that the coal-fields of England and Wales 
would supply 60,000,000 tons annually for a thou- 
sand years to come. - The galleries of these mines 
are sometimes very extensive: those in the Killing- 
worth mine, near New Castle, measure altogether 
upwai'ds of one hundred and sixty miles. We 
find that Great Britain and Ireland has about 
12,000 square miles of coal fields, Spain 4,000, 
France 2,000, and Belgium 51S, while North 
America has about 200,000. 

The use of coal as a fuel was known to the 
early Britains, but was used only in small quanti- 
ties. But little trade occurred in this mlnerzd up to 
the year 1239. makes of this 

mineral may be seen every day — our houses are 
heated and lighted, our ships propelled, our en- 
gines turned, and many of the comforts of life are 
derived from the use of coal. There are thou- 
sands of men and beasts employed in the coal mines. 
Many have lost their lives by accidents, either from 
fire, flood or caving in of the earth. There are 
explosive gases, called fire damp, contained in 
crevices and unventilated parts of the mines; 
these explode with great force w'hen coming in 
contact with a flame. Previous to the year 1816 
the only method of obtaining light in the mines 
was either by candle or from a “ steel mill ” which 
produced sparks of light. Sir Humphrey Davy 
invented a lamp called the “Davy Lamp” or 
“ Miner’s Safety Lamp,” which is a great protec- 
tion to miners, being one of the most beneficial 
triumphs of science. The chariot of science in her 
flight rolls steadily toward the great hereafter; 
the scenes change with each successive turn of the 
wheels. Lighter and brighter grows her course, 
forming strange contrast with the darkness and 
gloom that surrounded the first part of her journey. 

If all nature’s productions were to be banished, 
save a few that were^ to be chosen by man, we 
certainly would not choose gold, silver, or the 
precious stones, but those things that now seem 
ordinary and common. Coal would certainly be 
among these; and science will join with man in 
hailing coal as one of the grandest productions of 
nature, more precious than brilliants, more useful 
than gold, — the wealth, comfort and joy of nations 
and men. 

Spring^ Fever. 

Spring fever is a malady that comes over the 
school-boy’s spirit as regularly as the return of the 
season. It carries with it an aversion to study and 
to everything else that does not promise pleasure, 
and pleasure without toil. It strikes the youthful 
Aristotle simultaneously with the reappearance of 
baseball, fishing parties and picnics, and all these 
seem to be in league as they keep' one another 
alive and are naturally delightful alternatives-. A 
victim to this disease will sit at his desk, with open 
book, while he is apparently going over his litera- 
ture. But be not deceived! that boy is not troub- 



ling the bygone Willie Shakspeare or Johnnie Mil- 
ton: his thoughts are of sports, of schemes to get 
“ I'ec,” or perhaps he is counting the days that 
intervene betw’^een the tedious present and the va- 
cation. This boy, now gazing pensively at the 
book before him, wonders why such contrivances 
as colleges are built, unless to annoy him and spoil 
his pleasure. Sad is the patient’s lot! Arithmetic 
is disregarded; Grammar a miserable bore, and 
Latin quite disgusting. A thousand wild ideas 
crowd his brain, and he fancies delights that could 
be indulged in were it' not for all these piles of 
books that puzzle the brain and weigh down the 
youthful spirit. Finall}', when he gets over the 
attack, he resolves to be studious, and to write a 
composition that should have been \vritten a week 
ago; but spring fever is the mortal enem}'^ of am- 
bition and the murderer of all good resolutions. 
The members of the Literature Class have it 
bad; and one of them has been heard to sa}' that 
the immortal bards, the sweet sons of song, and 
all of nature’s oracles, etc., are bars to earthly hap- 
piness and that he is willing to let them lie com- 
fortably under the daisies, where they were laid 
long ago, and that, for his part, he could never 
understand why the dead and the beautiful should 
be resuiTected just before fly-time when the vic- 
tim of sj^ring fever registers ninety in the shade. 

C. J. S., 88. 



The Scholastic of last week contained an es- 
say entitled “Two Hours in the Biological Labor- 
atorjq” — a very interesting history of the torula or 
yeast plant. The treatment of the subject was 
complete and interesting, besides being exact, with 
the exception of one passage in which the writer 
makes the following statement: 

“If we take another drop of the fluid containing the 
yeast plants, and treat it with potash solution, an entirely 
different reaction takes place. We find the cell-wall un- 
changed, as usual, but the protoplasm is all dissolved, leav- 
ing an empty sac.” 

The last clause is erroneous. By actual demon- 
stration on April 1 6th, I found that Messrs. Hux- 
ley and Martin, authors of “Practical Biology,” 
have made a unique statement in observing that a 
potash solution will dissolve the protoplasm from 
the sac. The illustiious Professors, and the au- 
thor of “Two Hours in the Biological Labora- 
tory” have plainly both been misled by appear- 
ances: — an assertion in support of which I present 
these two facts: ( i ) Iodine and magenta, if already . 
applied to the preparation, will have their coloring 
p-o-perties neutralized by a solution of hydrate of 
potassium; but the protoplasm itself remains un- 
changed." (2) If the yeast cells have not been 
previously stained by iodine or magenta, enough 
of the two must be taken to counteract the color- 
neutralizing property of potash. 

If these two facts are borne in mind whilst ex- 

perimenting on the yeast plant, no one can fail to 
observe that in every case protoplasm is not dis- 
solved from the sac; 'ivhat we observe acting is 
shnply the neiitralizing power possessed by potash 
sohition over colors — not the destruction of the 
protoplasm. The author of “ Two Hours in the 
Biological Laboratoi"}’^ ” — has evidently too closely 
followed the text-books, which, we are taught, are 
"often wrong- and whose teaching's are better learned 

o ^ o 

b}’^ doubt and experiment than blind belief. 

Frank J. Hagenbarth, ’87. 


— A new statue of Linnajus at Stockholm was 
solemnly inaugui'ated on the 13th inst. 

— The pendulum of the new clock in the Chi- 
cago Board of Trade building weighs 750 pounds. 
The dials are 10 feet 10 inches in diameter. 

— Baron Nordenksjold is preparing for a fresh 
attempt to reach the north pole by way of the 
islands south of Siberia. He expects to be absent 
three years. 

— M. Lauth of Sevres has, after ten years of 
experimentation, produced a porcelain far superior 
to the famous old Sevi'es. It will take all kinds 
of glazes,"and is susceptible of the highest kinds of 

— The Mont Ventoux Observatory, near Avig- 
non, in France, is in course of construction, and 
in a few weeks will be in working order. Its 
height is nearly 6,300 feet above the sea-level, and 
the additional observatory, likewise in progress, is 
5,150 feet in height. 

— Herr Palisa, of the Vienna Observatory, need- 
ing funds for an expedition he has projected to 
observe the total eclipse of the sun in August, 
1886, announces that he puts up for sale, at 1,250 
francs, the right to bestow a name on the asteroid 
No. 244, his last discovery. This is the first op- 
poitunity that lovers have ever had to get a star 
named after their sweetheai'ts. 

— A new explosive, known as kinetite, is at pres-, 
ent being studied in Germany. It consists, it is 
said, of a mixture of oils and gun cotton, and is su- 
perior to dynamite, as its manufacture and manip- 
ulation are absolutely without danger; it will de- 
tonate only under certain peculiar and well-defiiied 
conditions of shock. Only the part exposed to 
concussion explodes, and when fired it burns 
quietly with a brilliant light. The true compo.sition 
is being carefully kept secret. 

— The Organ f Hr Oelhandel gives an account 
of some experiments lately made in St. Petersburg 
with pyronaphtha, an illuminating oil which Beil- 
stein, the celebrated Russian chemist, thinks will, 
supersede kerosene. It is said to be wholly free- 
from danger of fire, and burning kerosene is easily 
extinguished by it. Pyronaphtha it. self can be 
readily put out by water. It burns with a bright 
light, and gives oflf no smoke or. vapor, while the 
fact that it is a residual product of the Baku dis- 
tillation q| petrqlqura tpakes it cost less thau 



Art, Music and Literature. 

— Brinley Richards, the Welch pianist and com- 
poser, died on the 4th insti, aged 66 years. 

— A complete German translation of the Baby- 
lonian Talmud, the first ever accomplished, is to 
be published shortly at Innsbruck. 

— The Shakspeare memoi'ial window, in the 
church at Stratford-upon-Avon, subscribed for by 
American visitors, was unveiled on the 5th inst. 

— Prince Ibrahim Hilmy, son of the ex-Khedive, 
is preparing a work on “ The Literature of Egypt,” 
the first volume of which will shortl}'" be issued. 
The work is dedicated to the prince’s father. 

— A British drama association has been started 
in England with a capital of five hundred thousand 
dollars. It is formed to procure and produce on 
the stage the highest class of original dramatic 

— Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench & Co. will 
publish, early in the autumn, the English edition of 
the “ Life, Letters, and Journals of the Late Henry 
Wadsworth Longfellow,” by the brother of the 
poet. It will fill two volumes. 

— A biography of Gustave Dore has been written 
by Mme. Blanche Roosevelt, and will shortly be 
published by Cassell & Co. The author’s mate- 
rial is said to have been derived from personal rec- 
ollections and from the family of the artist. 

— The “ Madonna di San Sisto” at Dresden has 
been subjected to a cleaning process, consisting in 
the complete removal of the old varnish and the 
substitution of new. There has been no interfer- 
ence with the original colors. Titian’s picture of 
the “ Tribute Penny ” has been similarly restored. 

— “ The return of Mr. Irving to his theatre im- 
plies,” says the London Times., “ the departure of 
Miss Anderson, who will carry home with her the 
good wishes of the English public, won by the 
charm of her personality not less than by her 
superb art. It is to be hoped that her absence will 
be but temporai-y.” 

— Walter Gosthe has bequeathed the poet’s 
house at Weimar to the State, together with a 
legacy of ^1,000, to maintain the estate. He also 
bequeathed his posthumous works and manuscripts 
to the Grand Duchess of Weimar, and his art col- 
lections to the Grand Duke. The Goethe villa on 
the Jaena road is left to the crown. 

— A life of Gen. Gordon has just been published 
in Dutch, the sale of which is almost unprece- 
dented in Plolland. The whole of the first large 
edition was ordered before it was ready, and a 
second had to be issued at once. The author, the 
Rev. C. S. A. van Scheltema, is a clergyman of 
nearl}' eighty years of age, whose life has been 
devoted- to philanthropic labors. 

— Philip Gilbert Hamerton, the art writer, gives 
an opinion that “ the Americans now far surpass 
all other nations in wood engraving, and their deli- 
-cacy of execution and manual skill is a continual 
marvel, and it is accompanied by so much intelli- 
gence — I. mean by so much ciitical understanding 

of different graphic arts — that a portfolio of their 
best wood-cuts is most interesting. Not only do 
they undei'stand engraving thoroughly, but they 
are the best printers in the world.” 

— ^Dr. Ingleby is preparing « Shakspeare and the 
Welcombe Enclosures,” a folio volume of au- 
totypes of the extant pages of the private diary of 
Thomas Gx'eene, Town Clerk of Stratford-upon- 
Avon during the later years of Shakspeare’s life. 
They are’ accompanied by a transcript prepared 
by Mr. Edward Scott, of the British Museum, and 
an appendix, consisting of illustrative. documents, 
which, like the diary, are preserved at Stratford. 
To these Dr. Ingleby furnishes an introduction. 
— Athenceum. 

— The memorial — a statue and heroic tablet — of 
the Poet Edgar Allan Poe, presented by the ac- 
tors of New York, to the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, was unveiled, on the 4th inst., with great 
ceremony. Algernon S. Sullivan presided, and 
the presentation speech was made by Edwin Booth. 
The marble tablet bears the following inscription : 

“ This Memorial, expressing a deep and personal sym- 
pathy between the Stage and the Literature of America, 
was placed here by the Actors of New York to commem- 
orate the American Poet, Edgar Allan Poe, whose parents, 
David Poe, Jr., and Elizabeth Arnold, his- wife, were actors, 
and whose renown should therefore be cherished with 
peculiar reverence and pride by the dramatic profession of 
this country. 

“He was born in Boston, the 19th day of January, 1S09, 
He died in Baltimore, the 7th day of October, 1849. 

“ He was great in his genius, unhappy in his life, wTetched 
in his death. But in his fame he is immortal. 

“ Ssepius ventis agitatur ingens 
Pinus, et celsae graviore casu 
Decidunt turres, feriuntque summos 
Fulgura montes.” 

— A noteworthy feature of the Thirty-second 
Congi'ess of the German Catholics, which takes 
place at Munster this year, will be an “ Exhibition 
of Christian Arts.” This interesting exhibition will 
be divided into the following parts : a. Line Arts. 
(1) Architecture: Sketches, plans, models. (2) 
Plastic Art: Stone, metal, ivory, wood, etc. (3) 
Painting: Enamel, mosaic (on glass, porcelain, 
ivory, etc.), as well as designs and sketches. (4) 
Graphic Arts: Engraving, etching, drawing, wood 
cutting : b. Artistic Hand%vork and Trades. ( i ) 
Gold and silversmith’s work, engraving and chisel- 
ling. (2) Iron and copper work. (3) Bells, brass 
and tin work. (4) Wood carving and artistic cab- 
inet work. (5) Organ building. (6) Vestments, 
weaving, embroidery, lace, banners, etc. (7) Dec- 
orative, painting. (8) Bookprinting: Liturgical 
and religious, and art books. (9) Bookbinding, 
("lo) Ceramic: Church vessels of porcelain, ma- 
jolica, glass, etc. (ii) Wax: Altar candles, etc. 
c. Multiplicative Arts. Only such subjects as re- 
quire artistic skill, or serve as models and de- 
signs. The Exhibition, which is destined only for 
« all artists, artistic workmen, and artisans of Ger- 
man-speaking countries ” who apply their art for 
Church purposes, will be open from August 30th 
to September 6th. The wWe is under the direc- 
tion of Professor Funcke, of Munster, 



Notre I>ame, May 23, 1885. 

The attention of the Alumni of tlie University of Notre 
Dame and otliers, is called to tlie fact that the NOTRE 
DAME SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the Eigh- 
teenth year of its existence, and presents itself anew as a 
candidate for the favor and support of the manj*^ old friends 
that have heretofore lent it a helping hand. 


choice Poetrj', Essays, and the current Art, Musical, Lit- 
erary and Scientific Gossip of the daj'. 

Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects 
connected with the Universit3' of Notre Dame. 

Personal gossqi concerning the Avhereabouts and the suc- 
cess of former students. 

All the weekh' local news of the Universit3', including 
the names of those who have distinguished themselves 
during the week b3" their excellence in class, and b3' their 
general good conduct. 

Students should take it; parents should take it; and, 
above all, 

Old Students should take it. 

Tertns, fer Annum. Postpaid. 


Notre Dame, Indiana. 

If a subscriber fails to receive the Scholastic regularl3' 
he will confer a favor b3' sending us notice immediatel3', 
each time. Those who ma3^ have missed a number, or 
numbers, and Avish to have the volume complete for bind- 
ing, can have back numbers of the current volume b3^ 
3’Ppl3’’irig for them. In all such cases, earl3'- application 
should be made at the office of publication, as, usually, but 
fCAv copies in excess of the subscription list are printed. 

The Editors of the Scholastic A\ill ahva3's be glad to 
receive information concerning former students and grad- 
uates of the Universit3% 

— The readers of the Scholastic who have 
admired, as well as enjoyed, the various con- 
tributions of “Justin Thyme” during the past 
fifteen years will be pleased to learn that he has 
collected the best of these effusions and has pub- 
lished them in book form. He has entitled his 
book “Vapid Vaporings,” but the title gives no 
idea of the rich fund of humor, unsurpassed by a 
Mark Tivain, a Bob Burdette, or any other living 
humorist, contained within the volume. The work 
needs only to be seen to be appreciated, and we 
are confident that it is destined to have a wide cir- 
culation and make the author famous. 

— -Very Rev. Father General Sorin, at the time 
of his recent visit to Rome, presented a formal pe- 
tition to the Holy Father for the Papal benediction 
upon particular persons and works. Last week 
Father General received a' notification from Rome 
that the petition had been granted, and the blessing 
of His Holiness bestowed, as requested, on ( i ) the 
whole Congregation of Holy Cross; (2) all its 
establishments and pupils'; (3) the Ave Maria, the 
Scholastic, and other publications at Notre Dame, 
their suliscribersj (4) the Catholic .press- of 
the United States; (5) benefactors and several 
friends; (6) all the parishes in charge of the Fa- . 

thers of Holy Cross and their parishioners; (7) 
Notre Dame, St. Mail’s, and the venerable Foun- 
der himself. 

— Last Wednesda}"^ evening the students were 
entertained with an interesting and instructive lec- 
ture b}'^ Rev. James M. Cleaiw, of Kenosha, Wis., 
the distinguished President of the Catholic Total 
Abstinence Union of America. The lecture was 
delivered in Music Hall, where a large and appre- 
ciative audience was gathered. The members of 
the two Total Abstinence societies of South Bend 
attended in regalia, and by their fine appearance 
added greatly to the impressiveness of the occasion. 
Among the audience we noticed the Rev. Pastors 
of the Catholic churches, and the Rev. J. Lloyd, 
of the Episcopal church, South Bend. 

Father Cleaiy spoke on “ Total Abstinence,” 
and for upwards of an hour and a half enchained 
the attention of his auditors b^^ the eloquent and 
argumentative presentation of his subject, enlivened 
at times by humorous anecdotes, which served as 
apt illustrations and applications of the arguments 
brought forward. The speaker viewed his subject 
from moral, physical and economic standpoints 
and showed how a man’s highest interests, spiritu- 
ally, mentally and corporallj^, were best served by 
the practice of total abstinence. He concluded 
with an eloquent exhortation to the' students to 
range themselves on the side of total abstinence 
befoi'e leaving the College walls, and thus secure 
for themselves an honorable career in after-life 
and the successful fulfilment of their duties as men, 
as citizens and as Christians. 

The words of the reverend lecturer produced a 
deep impression on the minds of his youthful 
auditors, and gave a new and marked impetus to 
the grand cause of Total Abstinence. 

— Rev. J. C. Carrier, C. S. C., writing to an 
old friend on the subject of an article which lately 
appeared in the Scholastic, says: 

“ It AA-as not Avithout deep emotion that, AA’hile perusing 
it, I AUAddly imagined m3'self led by 3’our friend^’’ hand 
through the dear fields, AA'oods, and marshes of old Notre 
Dame, and, most particularlj^ along the noAA% no doubt, 
quasi-obliterated A\'alks of m3' former so-called ‘Botanical 
Garden’ b3' St. Joseph’s Lake. I do heartily commend 
the thoughtful suggestions 3'ou make in said article; and I 
hope that the authorities of the University Avill consider 
and carr3' them out.” 

In relation to the pi'esent field of his scientific 
labors, he continues: 

“But Avhat I Avas riot permitted to accomplish at Notre 
Dame, there seems to be a possibility of accomplishing 
here, although the favorable site for a botanical garden is 
sadl3’ Avanting. Such as the location is, I have succeeded 
alread3'^ be3'ond 103’- expectations; and I have eii^en noAv a 
far greater number of plants in my Canadian garden than 
I had in the Indianian one. 

‘‘ The spring season is rather backvvard at St. Laurent. 
I ma3' sa3’- that, this 3'ear, it fair^" began, but one .week 01- 
ten da3's ago [this letter bears date Ma3' 12th]. You may 
judge of it b3"^ the fact that the hefatica, claytonia, san- 
guinaria, erythronium, trillium, syniflocarpus, asaruni and 
about half a dozen other plants (among them the beautiful 
little Dicentra Canadensis) are onl3' norv in full bloom.” 

^an we say as fnqch? It is doubtful, — about 



the trillium especially. In spite of the higher 
latitude ^of the Pi'ovince of Quebec, St. Laurent 
may congratulate herself that her spring has been 
only rather backward. With us it has been de- 
cidedly more than rather. We are glad that our 
former Professor of the Natural Sciences has not 
allowed his botanical zeal to be chilled by his long 
sojourn in a Northern abode. 

— We present herewith the address to His Holi- 
ness Leo XHI from the students of Notre Dame, 
which was recently forwarded to Rome. The 
graceful and classic Latin verses are the composi- 
tion of Rev. S. Fitte, Professor of Philosophy. 
The address was elegantly printed on superfine 
parchment beautifully decorated, and enclosed in a 
magnificent burse, tastefull}’’ designed and artistic- 
ally ornamented. It reads as follows: 

Beatissime Pater: 

Nos juvat Nostra: Dominre Studentes 
Te pio cultu celebrare, Summe 
Pontifex, scriptum dare nos oportet 
Pignus amoris- 

Primus agnorum est oviumque Pastor 
Petrus, etmundi veteris novique 
Priesul, ut semper doceat fidelis 
Verba salutis. 

Infer! frustra minitantur, atque 
Impire in cymbam fragilem procella: 

Mugiunt, nunquam poterunt Leonis 
Corda movere. 

Nunc dolos regum patiens retundit 
Papa, nunc firmus loquitur virili 
Voce, quum Sanctee Fide! superbos 
Obruit hostes. 

Quid quod humanre rationis usum 
Vindicat, leges hominum Deique 
Jura defendit, solida: probando 
Munera pacis? 

Quid quod :etatem superat Leonis 
Alta mens, constans animus, benigna 
Caritas? Quid quod facies serena 
Pectora mulcet, 

Eminet vultu genius, nitescit 
Fronte majestas, oriens sicut sol 
Ridet, os lumen roseum superne 
Spargit et ignem ? 

Et quidem Pastor vigilans gregisque 
Anxius, curas ovium salutem, 

Nec tamen Christ! teneros ineptus 
Negligis agnos. 

Te, Pater, quanquam venerantur omnes. 

Hie tutim vocem dociles sequuntur 
Filii, et Iseti capiunt perennis 
Gaudia vitie. 

Hie viam recti juvenes docemur, 

Nec boni pravis coeunt alumnis, 

Quos Saerse Crucis socios Beata 
Virgo tuetur. 

Hie Athenarum veterisque Romie 
Literje florent, Domini coluntur 
Verba,- et intersunt juvenum labores 
Sacra profanis ; 

At Fidem sectans Ratio magistram. 
Corporis partes animique vires 
Explicat, quorum in studiis ubique 
Regnat Aquinas. 

O Gubernator Fidei, o perite 
Pontifex Roma:, o venerande Pastor, 
Filios Crucis doceas paterno 
Ore precam ur! 

Serus in ccelum redeat patronus, 

Et diu natos foveat, priusquam 
Lcetus leternam mereat coronam 

Papa, Leo, Rex! 


Finishing^ the Church. 

We have all been pleased to see, for the past two 
weeks, the large number of men at work on the 
foundations of what will form the long- wished- 
for completion of our beautiful church. Many, no 
doubt, will be surprised to hear of a new expendi- 
ture of $40,000 or $50,000, in these hard times, to 
finish a church. But Father General Sorin says 
he is gettmg old and can delay no longer the crown- 
ing of the work he has had most at heart for more 
than 30 years. 

As the church now stands (iSox6o, and 120 in 
the transepts) it presents interiorly probably one 
of the best efforts of the art of painting to be seen 
in the West, Professor Gregori having spent years 
in its decorations. It is indeed no wonder that 
visitors are so loud in the praises of its rare and 
rich beauties. But Father General says rightly 
that the edifice must be without beauty, until the 
plan is completed. J ust as the Main Building of 
the University, two years ago, before the erection 
of the Dome with its Queenly statue and electric 
crown, presented an appearance very different 
from its present imposing dimensions, so with the 
church: he says, it has no beauty, no effect, no 
proportion in anything. He can bear no longer 
with that big black cross on the wall in clear con- 
trast with the splendid altar. That wall must go 
down, and the real Sanctuary be extended 42 
feet, as originally designed and now required by 
the increase of our clergy and young choristers. 
Then, besides, the six new chapels and altars are ab- 
solutely needed for daily Masses; Father General 
needs and must have a special grand chapel, 50 x 33, 
and a gallery with an organ for his princes., and 
for them alone — 200 of them. At the end of that 
new chapel (of the Sacred Heart), 295 feet from 
the main entrance door will be seen the beautiful 
statue, now at the Gospel side, raised 40 feet 
from the floor, bathed in light from above. This 
new chapel is to be painted by Gregori, who has 
promised to adorn it in a style superior to anything, 
in the church. 

Now, imagine the spectacle presented from.the 



centre or the body of the present building over 
the main altar, no feet further; that lovely statue 
of the Sacred Heart reflecting the sweet light poin- 
ing upon it from the sky. Next in beaut}'^ to 
this grand effect on the entire centre of the church, 
from the statue of the Sacred Heart, at such a dis- 
tance and height and in such a light, will be seen, 
at the end of the aisle on the Gospel side, 326 feet 
from the front door, the splendid altar of Our 
Lady of Good Counsel, and on the other side that 
of Our Lady of Lourdes — the chief seats of our two 
principal religious associations. Again try to fancy 
(what will belikel}' realized before Chi'istmas) and 
hear from that royal gallery a chorus of 40 or 50 
angelic jmung voices, well trained and in perfect 
harmonj’^, singing for the rest of the Congregation 
and b}”^ themselves, as the^'^ will every Sunda}', at 
a distance behind the sanctuary an Adestc fidcles or 
a Veniteado7‘C7nus ! Ah, there will bean effect 
in the church both for eyes and ears! Iheji our 
voung princes whose beautiful address, last month, 
so much delighted His Holiness, and evoked 
such a warm blessing from his paternal heart, 
will, indeed, add a new charm to our cere- 
monies. Then our church will he worth visiting. 
With what new intei*est will not all be drawn to 
its sacred precincts! Hence the attention with 
which' we watch every da}’^ the progi'ess of the 
important and dear undertaking; what a ]Di*ecious 
desidei-aUtm for every living soul here! May 
Heaven prosper and speed the work to its glorious ' 
end ! 

Peculiar Seasons. 

In the spring of 1862, towards the end of May, 
while the lilacs were in bloom, a severe frost oc- 
curred, cutting off the young .sprouts of the white 
oak trees and the grape-vines, which were a foot 
long. The black oaks and the wheat were unin- 

New Year’s Day, 1864, was intensely cold; 
after rather a mild spell preceding. Case of freez- 
ing to death in Alabama. 

In January 1871 occurred a remarkable incrus- 
tation of trees by a freezing rain. Some trees 
were so loaded as to be broken down. Others lost 
their branches. The result could be seen in the 
woods for years afterwards. The effect of the 
sunlight on the scene after the frost was wonder- 
fully beautiful. 

The winter of 1873— ’73 was chai'acterized by 
abundant snowj falling early in the season and re- 
maining very late in the spring. 

That of 1873— ’74 was remaikably mild. The 
lakes were perfectly free of ice as early as March 

August, 1874, was so hot and dry that the corn 
was burned up, and cut before it was ripe. 

Christmas, 1874, the students played baseball. 

Feb. 3, 1875, was a terrifically windy, cold day, 
followed by six weeks wintry weather, or more; 
and yet there was barely a gleam of sunlight on 
the 2d. 

In the Fall of 1875, about the end of November, 
a cold snap froze the river from the dam at South 
Bend up to Mishawaka. But the winter was 
mild, the frogs having been heard to crojik on 
New Yeai'’s Day, 1876. The leaf buds of the 
honeysuckle had opened b}^ Feb. 39th, and aspens 
were in leaf. A cold snap set in with the begin- 
ning of March, and lasted through that month. 

The winter of t 8 So— ’81 was extremely long, be- 
ginning with a fall of snow in November, and not 
ending till Easter, April 17th. A break-up in 
February flooded the river and tore down bridges 
and dams. 

Christmas week of 1S81 was mild; and the 
^winter of 18S1— ’82 open and pleasant, followed by 
a late spring, 1882, 1883, 1884 — three cold sum- 
mers in succession. 

Februaiy 18S3 was remarkable for the foi'ma- 
tion of a crust of ice on the snow, sufficiently 
strong to bear up skaters. The same formation, 
less firm, however, occurred in 1884. 

The past winter of 18S4— ’85 will be memorable 
for several peculiarites. For the sudden thaw of 
vast deposits of snow in Christmas week, and the 
floods following. For the length and intensity of 
the cold snap, beginning Jan. 14th, 1885, and end- 
ing Feb. 3 1st; and for the strange combination of 
snow and dust, making sleighing and wheeling 
equally impracticable, in the month of March, 

A general retrospect convinces us that it is ut- 
teidy impossible to know what will turn up in the 
sphere of meteorology. 

A Disgusted Weather Prophet. 


— ^“The numerous anniversaries to be celebrated this 
week— including those of the Cardinal and of Archbishop 
Corrigan — remind us that The 7?ct>/ezt/ has entered 

on its fourteenth year. Ours have been years of toil, not 
vrithout their satisfactions and successes as well as their 
disappointments and trials. None have been more pros- 
perous than our past two 3 'ears, and certainly at no period 
has The Catholic Review felt stronger in the affections of 
its friends and the support of its public. That it has a 
work to do, none doubt. Heaven helping, it shall be 
done .” — Catholic Revitnv, May g. 

The Catholic Review has a noble mission and 
nobly is it fulfilling that mission. The able manner 
in which the Review handled the question of free- 
dom of worship against the consolidated bigotry of 
the State of New York for the last four or five 
months challenges the admiration, not only of the 
Catholics of New York and of the United States, 
but of every lover of freedom and justice. The 
Catholic Review is a strong paper, it is a clean 
paper, it is an admirable paper. True to its Cath- 
olic principles of right and justice, under aii}’^ and all 
circumstances, it is a paper that deserves the hearty 
support of every true Catholic. 

— We have seen nothing of The Princetonian 
since it became a tri- weekly; are we to infer that 
we shall no longer consider if an exchange? If 
the editors of The Princetonian think they cannot 
afford to send a tri-weekly in exchange for our 


59 ^ 

weekly they would be right in stopping the ex- 

— We are glad to see The Rambler^ from 
Illinois College, taking our hint and correcting its 
mistake about journalistic work excusing from the 
regular literary requirements at Harvard. So 
many wild assertions in regard to colleges and col- 
lege work have been set afloat that it is about 
time to put a check upon them. At present one 
knows not what to believe. The college papers, 
like the daily press, start a rumor to-day onl}' to 
contradict it to-morrow. This is disreputable, and 
we are glad that the Rambler is opposed to it and 
to every other species of humbug. The Rambler 
is a good college paper. 

— Owing to the stand it takes in boating matters 
against the Yale News^ and the large space given 
to the Tariff question, the Pennsylvania Magazine 
is more lively and attractive than usual, to out- 
siders at least. Prof. Sumner, the great Free 
Trade, champion, lectured at the University of 
Pennsylvania lately, and met with an enthusiastic 
reception. If the University Magazi ne gives a 
faithful abstract of the lecture. Prof. Sumner fails 
to meet the arguments advanced b}”^ Prof. Thomp- 
son at Harvard. We expected much better from 
such a man as Prof. Sumner. He seems not to meet 
the questions fairly and squarely, as did Prof. 
Thompson. Prof. Sumner indulges in generali- 
ties, and never seems happy except when away 
from home, away from his subject, which deals 
with America and Americans. In justice to Prof. 
Sumner we may well express a fear that he has 
not been correctly reported; though, on the other 
hand, thei'e can be little reason to suppose that 
those who gave the Yale Professor such an enthu- 
siastic reception at Philadelphia would wilfully mis- 
represent him. 

— -The editoi's of The Academy Review are to 
be complimented upon the manner in which they 
conduct their paper. Good judgment and good 
taste characterize the various departments; even 
the so-called “Spice Box” and selected items — in 
which so many college editors betray execrable 
taste — are here in keeping with the other parts of the 
paper. The “ weighty ” item, however, about the 
Vassal' graduate’s bread, might have been wisely ex- 
cluded. Vassal' has been bantered beyond endur- 
ance upon her bread, and the household economy 
of her graduates so univcrsajly berated by college 
editors that one is reminded of the famous remark 
of Lowell’s Rev. Wilbur, “When I see a certifi- 
cate of character with everybody’s name to it, I 
regard it as a letter of ihtroduction from the 
Devil,” z’.e., the Father of Lies. The Musical and 
Art Notes of the Reviexv speak well for the cul- 
ture and refinement of the editors, but in its poetry 
we think Gothe’s “Violet” not worth translating. 
It is a sickly-sentimental thing, and we heartilj' 
despise the sickly sentimentality of which Gothe 
possessed so much ; it is a sui'e sign that its possessor 
lacks sap and is prematurely running to seed. 

— Vfc congratulate the editors of the Notre Dame Scho- 
lastic on being able to edit a Aveekly ; but -vve think they 

should bring out pure college Avork. In the issue before 
us, April 29, Ave find “The Country West of the Missis- 
sippi ” by Prof. William Hoynes, and a paper on “ Photog- 
raphy ” from the Scientific Society. What are the Uni- 
A'ersit}"^ classes doing? We like the Exchange notes of the 
Scholastic very much ; in fact, they are the most interest- 
ing part of the paper to \\%.—Bosto 7 i College Stylus. 

Et til Brute! We have just been answering 
the Cornell Daily Sun and the Kentucky Skir- 
misher on this point, and now comes our friend the 
Stylus. The fact that the Scholastic is a weekly, 
and not a monthl}'^ like the Stylus and the Skir- 
misher — circumstances have thrown these names 
together although there is as little similarity in the 
papers as in their merit — should, we think, be a suffi- 
cient answer for the wider and less exclusive scope 
taken in editing the Scholastic. And yet, al- 
though the literary contributions of the members of 
the Notre Dame Scientific Society are pure college 
work, and, strictly speaking, class work, the 6*^- 
lus^s question is justified by the paucity of contribu- 
tions from the other Universit}' Classes, and will, we 
hope, be taken into consideration by them. While 
commenting upon the Stylus’s criticism we cannot 
let this opportunity pass without a word upon the 
excellence of its articles in general, and those of 
the present number in particular. In poetry, es- 
pecially, the Stylus takes the first place among 
college papers, both for fecundity and excellence. 
If it be true that “ poets are born, not made,” then 
Boston and its vicinity must be a favorite resort of 
the Muses, and Boston College their chosen trj’^st- 
ing place. In prose, we find “The Stage of the 
Futm'e,” “Circles,” “A Retrospect,” and other 
well-written articles. If the critic of the Rochester 
Concordicnsis., or others in his mood, point to these 
remarks and say, “There! I told you so!” we refer 
them to the Stylus for May as our all-sufficient 

Books and Periodicals. 

College Songs. A Collection of New and 

Popular Songs of the American Colleges. Compiled by 

Henry Randall Waite. Boston: OliA-er Ditson & Co. 

Price, 50 cents. 

This is a new and popular collection of the jolly, 
rattling lyrics that constitute the peculiar music of 
the colleges; and, being of lower price than the 
others, it will doubtless have a large sale. There 
are 73 of the songs. Altogether, there is a large 
half dollar’s worth. The melodies can be sung by 
any A'oice, and the choruses well enough either by 
male voices or mixed voices. Accompaniments 
for Piano or Organ. 

— The Catholic World for June opens with a 
paper entitled “The Scienceville Society for Psy- 
chical Research,” which is a clever bit of satire 
on the vagaries of many so-called scientists of 
the day. Mr. Maurice F. Egan contributes an 
interesting sketch of the life and work of Lady 
Georgiana Fullerton. A timely and important 
article is the one on “Freedom of Worship in 
Practice ” by R. H. Clarke, LL. D., who shows 
that religious liberty seems to flow from the very 



nature and constitution of the Catholic Church, 
and has ever characterized her teaching and min- 
istr}^ Among the other articles are, “ The Anglo- 
Russian Question and the Testament of Peter the 
Great”; “The Curse. of Print — a La}' Sermon”; 
“Irish Bards and Scotch Reviewers.” The num- 
ber also includes interesting tales of fiction and ex- 
cellent poems. 

— The North American Reviexv concludes its 
seventieth 3'ear with its June number. It never 
bad so large a circulation, nor greater influence, 
sior’ a more brilliant staff of contributors. This 
number discusses seven topics of vital public inter- 
est by no less than fourteen eminent writers, not 
includinsT the short contributions in “ Comments.” 
„ Shall Silver be Demonetized ? ” is answered, ^ro 
and coK, by three distinguished economists, — Sum- 
ner, Laughlin and Walker, representing Yale and 
Harvard Colleges, and the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. “The Tardiness of Justice” is 
discussed by Judge W. L. Learned, and “ Pro- 
hibition in Politics” by Gail Hamilton; “The 
Swearing Habit” b}' E. P. WhijDple, and “French 
Spoliation Claims” by Edward Everett. The 
Rt. Rev. John J. Keane, Bishop of Richmond, 
contributes a learned and concise paper in defence 
of “ The Catholic School Policy,” in which he 
shows that the one grand aim of the Church is to 
make good Christians and good citizens — that the 
Catholic s}'stem “is better calculated than any 
other to realize both these ends,” and that “ it is 
prompted by love of country as well as love of 
our families, our Church and our God.” Says the 
learned prelate: 

“The Catholic educational theory is based on two con- 
victions. The first is, that the aim of education should be 
to equip j'outh with the knowledge and the principles that 
will fit them for life’s duties and for the realization of their 
destiny as human beings. The second is, that our destinj' 
as human beings, and our consequent duties, are those 
taught by the Christian religion. Our conclusion from 
these premises is, that the education of the young should 
be essentially Christian, moulding them to live thoroughl}' 
Christian lives. This does not at all exclude the knowl- 
edge that will fit them for secular pursuits. The duties for 
this world and the duties for the next should be united in 
life, as the body and soul are united in a human being; 
and therefore they should be united in the training that 
prepares for practical life. We are old-fashioned enough to 
believe that the Christian religion is God’s revelation, and 
therefore the best possible basis for the life of God’s creat- 
ures. We have no confidence in any pretended new civil- 
ization that would ofter a different basis for human life ; all 
such experiments must end in disaster for communities as 
well as for individuals. We, therefore, look upon the 
Christian element in life and in training as absolutely in- 


— John R. English, of ’75, is visiting his Alma 
Mater whither he has come to recuperate after a 
severe illness from which he has just recovered. 

— Signor Gregori spent the greater part of the 
week in Chicago, where he was engaged by the 
Union League Club in painting portraits of the 
two ex-P residents of the society — ^Messrs. El- 
bridge Keith and. Louis Coburn. 

^ — Chas. C. Echlin, of ’Sz, writes from his home 

in San Francisco, wishing to be remembered to 
his many friends at Notre Dame. Charle}' is en- 
joying good health, and occupies a trustworthy 
position as assistant book-keeper in the firm of J. 
J. Macke & Co., wholesale druggists. 

— ^^Ve are pained to receive the sad intelligence 
of the death of William Cash, of ’73, who departed 
this life in the iSth year of his age at his home in 
Chicago, on the 19th of last month. The deceased 
was for a number of }'ears one of the bright Min- 
ims of Notre Dame, and was beloved by all his 
teachers and fellow-students. May he rest in peace ! 

— Rev. D. E. Hudson, C. S. C., the accomplished 
Editor of the Ave Maria., has, we are glad to say, 
almost entirely recovered from his late severe ill- 
ness. He is now passing a few days in rest and 
recuperation with friends in Detroit. The readers 
of Our Lady’s Journal, as well as the many personal 
friends of Father Hudson, wdll rejoice to hear of 
his restoration to health, and will pray that it may 
be made permanent. 

— “Mr. Charles Warren Stoddard, formerl}' of 
the San F rancisco press, and a writer and traveller 
of wide reputation, has accepted the chair of Eng- 
lish Literature in the Univ'ersity of Notre Dame, 
Indiana. In the Faculty of this University is a 
former surgeon in one of the regiments of the first 
Napoleon, and a survivor of Waterloo — the Rev. 
Dr. Neyron, who, at the age of ninety, still teaches 
anatomy .” — Dial (Chicago). 

— Among the visitors during the past week were : 
Mrs. and Miss Coghlin, Toledo, O.; Mrs. and 
Miss Thos. Walsh, Morris, 111 .; Mrs. F. Flecken- 
stein, and John Schulze, St. Paul, Minn.; John 
Boos, Huntington, Ind.; Dr. Redlich, wife and 
daughter, Chicago, 111 .; Mrs. Ellen Penty and 
daughter, Geneva, Neb.; Mr. and Mrs. A. D. 
Andrew, and child, Laporte, Ind.; Miss Kelly, 
Logansport, Ind.: Miss K. Donnelly, Michigan 
City, Ind.; P. A. Eckenroth, and A. J. Eckenroth, 
Lebanon, Pa.; Mis. James O’Kane, Cincinnati, 

Local Items. 

— Picnic, ho! 

— The Banana Boys stayed at home. 

— Old Science Hall has seen its last days. 

— The Rev. Mr.Thy me is sojourning amongst us. 

— The festive, comfortable duster has appeared. 

— The latest at- the store: “Will you have an 

— Thei'e will be a grand scientific entertainment 
this (Saturday) evening. 

— Next week the .Surveying and Botany Classes 
intend to make a trip to Lake Maxinkukee. 

— The Grads, are thankful to the , ‘‘ Banner 
Boys ” for a kind invntation to their picnic. 

— ^Improvements and decorations around the 
College are assuming immense proportions. 

, — ^Where are our local poets? They have not 
appeared in these columns for a “ coon’s age.” 



— J ep did the talking for the Banana Boys as they 
meandered, amid the vesper hours, around the lake. 

— The St. Cecilians are studying their parts. They 
will present the play on or about the loth of June. 

— ^It is suggested that the Militaiy company give 
a grand prize drill on the Campus, sometime in the 
near future. 

— Signor Don Regan, of Indianola, Texas, had 
the honor of canning the large flag in the Banner 
Boys’ Procession. 

— Thursday morning the Cornet Band seren- 
aded Rev. Father Cleary, President of the T. A. 
Union of America. 

— We have received several items for publica- 
tion, but as no name was signed, they were con- 
signed to the waste basket. 

— “A Troubled Heart; and How It was Com- 
forted at Last” is being read in the Junior refec- 
tory. Everyone is delighted with it, 

— The “ student with a dainty taste ” wants to 
know when strawberries are comincr. Sometime 


when the spring-chickens fly in, dear boy! 

— One of the guests who attended the Banner 
Boys’ Picnic reports to us that the music produced 
by the Band on that occasion was excellent. 

— The sporting season has at last opened here. 
The Crews are selected, the nines arranged, and 
practice is making perfect the members of each. 

— The Botany and Zoology Classes, having com- 
pleted their session’s work, have now been merged 
into the class of Practical Biology under Father 

— The best singers, the best athletes, the best 
public readers, the best soldiers, the best linguists, 
the best artists, the best eaters and the best schem- 
ers belong to the Club Orchestra. 

— The Philopatrians will appear in a grand 
entertainment ne^t Wednesday evening. Prof. 
Ackerman is busily engaged in making the neces- 
sary stage decorations. The costumes and scenery, 
it is said, will be gorgeous. 

— Ml*. John English, of Columbus, Ohio, a few 
days ago presented to President Walsh an ele- 
gantly-framed artist proof etching, entitled “ Even- 
ing.” The picture is the largest and one of the 
best etchings we have yet seen. 

— Another Old Land-mark Gone. — The 
demolition of Old Science Hall — once the organ 
and choir extension of the old church — has begun, 
and before man}^ days nothing will remain of this 
grand relic of the past but a heap of rubbish. 

— The Surveying Class may be seen every after, 
noon in the pursuit of practical studies. Be- 
sides surveying and platting St. Joseph’s Lake, 
they have surveyed several of the fields adjoining 
the college, and now are about to begin on a map 
of Notre Dame. 

— Last Sunday the Euglossians made their an- 
nual trip to the Farm. A most enjoyable day was 
had — fishing, ball-playing and sight-seeing^ af- 
fording ample pleasure to all. A vote of thanks 

is returned to Rev. M. J. Regan, Bros. Learider 
and Augustine, Prof. Lyons and Mr. E. A. Otis 
for favors conferred. 

— The arrangement of the Crews for the June 
Regatta is as follows : Minnehaha — ^T. McKin- 
nery, ’85, Captain; H. A. Steis, bow; S. J. Dick- 
ei'son, 2d; L. Kavanagh, 3d; J. Riley, 4th; A. 
A. Gordon, 5th; J. McKinnery, Stroke; Frank 
H. Dexter, Coxswain. Evangeline— P. Gpuld- 
ing, ’86, Captain; D. C. Saviers, bow; M. Burns, 
2d; J. McMillan, 3d; W. Campl^ll, 4th; T. L. 
Mathers, 5th; P. J. Goulding, Stroke; A. Mc- 
Nulty, Coxswain. 

— The Library Association acknowledge with 
many thanks the receipt, from Mrs. Dr. A. Lippe, . 
of Philadelphia, of photographic reproductions 
(Goupil, Paris) of two important paintings re- 
cently presented to the Cathedral of Philadelphia 
by her nephew, Henry Thornton, himself an artist. 
The paintings are from the brush of Mr. Moss, a 
Philadelphian, who studied with Mr. Thornton un- 
der Bonnat. The pictures represent “ Our- Lord 
Teaching in the Temple,” and “The Raising of 
the Daughter of Jairus.” 

— On the afternoon of the 17th inst. a game of 
ball was played between the Senior second nine 
and the “ Atlantics ” of the Apprentices. The 
latter played well until the fourth inning, when, 
in consequence of an eiTor made by their catcher 
and several wild throws, the Seniors succeeded in 
scoring five runs. The Seniors were, with few 
exceptions, good batters, and but for the excellent 
pitching of McHenr}’^, of the “Atlantics,” would 
undoubtedly have won the game. P. O’Brien 
caught several fine flies; L. Wilson also distin- 
guished himself. Score : “Atlantics,” 10 ; Seniors, 9. 

— On Wednesday last, the captains of the first 
nines’ Senior Baseball clubs held a consultation for 
the purpose of selecting their regular players, the 
result of which is as follows : Star of the East 
— W. Coghlin, Captain; McCabe, c.; H. Porter, 
p.; Goodfellow, s. s.; F. Combe, ist b.; F.Devoto, 
2d b.; W. Tully, 3d b.; S. J. Dickerson, l.f.; W. 
Mm'phy, c.f.; W. Coghlin, r. f. Reserves : A. 
Browne, J. Nester, and W. Collins. University 
Blues — A. McNulty, Captain; V. Burke, c.; J. 
Guthrie, p,; W. Loomis, s. s.; H. Steis, ist b.; A. 
McNulty, zd b.; C. Combe, 3d b.; T. McGill, l.f.; 
M. A. Dolan, c.f.; E. Hotaling, r.f. Reserves: 
Kolars, Harless, and Chapin. 

— The contest for the baseball championship 
of ’85 was opened on last Thursday, the 21st inst., 
by a close and interesting struggle, which resulted 
in a victory for the U niversity “ Blues.” In the start, 
the “Universities” led off considerably, managing, 
by some heavy batting, to run up a few tallies. 
They were aided also by several errors on the part 
of the “ Stars.” The steam-engine battery of 
the former team made it very interesting for their 
opponents, until, in the first half of the sixth in- 
ning, Captain Coghlin turned the tide by hitting 
a “ sky-flyer ” into left field, making third, and 
bringing in the first man. The “Stars” then 



gradually gained, Devoto and Combe scoring in the 
next inning on a wild throw of Loomis. From 
this on it was a tug-of-war for the mastery, the 
“ Stars’ ” battery becoming warmed up to their 
work in good stjde. This, however, was counter- 
balanced in the next inning by the superior out- 
fieldinsr of the “ Universities,” The first basemen 
of both teams played an elegant game, and cut off 
man}’^ a wild runner. The tallies ran up I'apidl}’^ 
toward the last, and at the end of the ninth inning 
the score stood 15 to 10 for the “Universities,” 

who thus have added 

one feather to 



The following is the compleb 
Star of the East. r. 

e score : 

I. B. T. B. 

p. 0. 



Coghlin, r. f 

Dickerson, 1. f. 

.. I 






. . I 






Porter, p 

McCabe, c 

. . I 












Tully, 3d b 

.. 1 







F. Combe, ist b 







Devoto, 2d b 

.. I 






Mui'phy, c.f 

.. 0 






GoodfelloAA', s. s 

.. I 













. . 10 








I. B. 

T. B. 

p. 0. 



McNulty, 2d b 

. . I 


• 0 




Gutlirie, p 

. . I 






Steis, ist b 


• • J 







Burke c 

. . I 






McGill, l.f 

• • 0 






Combe, 3d b 

.. I 






Loomis, s. s 

.. I 







Hotaling, r. f. 

. . 2 






Dolan, c.f. 




















Innings : — i 2 
Star of the East : — 0 0 

3 4 

0 0 



6 7 

6 0 

8 9 
2 2= 


University : — ^4 3 

I 0 


0 4 

I -= 


Earned Runs, “Stars,” 2; “Universities,” 5. Time of 
game, one hour and forty minutes. Umpire, H. Dean. 

— The Banner Boys’ Picnic. — On the first 
day of the year. Rev. President Walsh promised 
a grand day’s enjoyment to those bo}’^s of the Jun- 
ior department .whose names should appear on the 
“ Roll of Honor ” regularly every week up .to the 
ist of May. Fiftj’^-five fulfilled the required condi- 
tions, and on Thursday , last, they held their picnic. 
At nine, o’clock a. m. they fonned on the campus, 
and, led by the Cornet Band, they marched in 
double file, with flags and banners waving, through 
the parterre in fi'ont of the College, out along the 
banks of St. Joseph’s Lake and on to the classic 
groves of Johnson’s woods, the scene of the festiv- 
ities. The time was spent in various amusements 
until the hour of noon arrived — when the ch^s dc 
cuishie who had been mysteriously engaged all 
morning — announced the readiness of the mid-day 
repast. At the same time. Rev. President Walsh 
and . Rev. F ather Cleary, of . Kenosha, Wis., ap- 
peared upon the scene and were heartih'- greeted 
by the boys. Among the other invited guests, 
whose presence added greatly to the enjoyment of 
the occasion, were the Rev. Prefect of Discipline, 
Bro. Leander, Profs. .Stoddard and Edwards, 
Messrs. Claflfey and Otis, and last, but not least, 
ye members of the Class of ’85. (It ik said that 

the latter even took part in the afternoon games!) 
The spread was excellent, and justice was done it 
amid the flow of humor, wit and repartee. 

In the course of the afternoon, games of all 
kinds were indulged in, and made interesting by 
the prizes offered. But our limited space will not 
permit us to go into detail. Let it suffice to say 
that the picnic was a grand success, and when the 
shades of night were falling, and the picnickers re- 
turned to the College, marching to the music of the 
Band, there were no happier boys in all Notre 
Dame than the Banner boys of ’85. 

Roll of Honor. 

[The following list includes the names of those students 
whose conduct during the past week has given entire satis- 
faction to the Faculty.] 


Messrs. Arce, Austin, Ancheta, A. A. Browne, Baca, 
Becerra, Burns, Breen, F. Burke, V. Burke, Callaghan, 
Conlon, Walter Collins, Chapin, Conway, Crawford, Creel, 
F. Combe, Cusack, Campbell, De Groot, Dwan, Dexter, 
Dickerson, Estrado, Goulding, A. A. Gordon, Guthrie, 
Garcia, Goodfellow, A. Gordon, Hamlyn, Halligan, How- 
ard, Johnston, Kolars, Kleiber, Kavanagh, Loomis, Mc- 
Millian, McKinnery, McGuire, McCartney, McMurray, 
Mathers, Miller, Morrison, Jno. Murphy, O’Connell, H. 
Paschel, C. Paschel, Perlej', Padilla, P. Prudhomme, H. 
Porter, C. Portei*, Phillips, Price, Rothert, Reach, Ruppe, 
Roth, G. H. Smith, Sheridan, Steis, Snapp, Triplett, Tully, 
Jno. Troy, W. Williams, Wasoner, White, Woodbridge, 


Masters Ackerman, Arts, Amoretti, Borgschulze, Ben- 
ner, Berthelet, Bastable, Congdon, Colina, pavaroc. Cooper, 
Chute, Dempsey, Dorenberg, Donnellan, Dillon, Daly, 
Darragh, Emmons. Ewing, Finckh,Fehr, Flood, L. Grever, 
E. Grever, Hoj-e, Hibbeler, Holman, Houlihan, Hagen- 
barth, Johnson, Kegel, Kenny, Luther, H. Long, F. Long, 
Loya, Lewis, Levin, Martinez, Mulkern, McCourt, B. Mor- 
rison, Monschein, Menig, Myers, Macke, Meehan, Nester, 
Oxnard, O’Brien, O’Conner, Portillo, Prudhomme, Regan, 
Real, Rebori, Ruffing, Remish, Reynolds, Rogers, Redlich, 
Senn, Soden, F. Smith, Shaw, Stange, Servis, Stubbs, Tal- 
bot, Thurston, Thompson, Vanselow, Wabraushek, Wag- 


Masters Adams, Ackerman, Boos, Bunker, Berry, Bull, 
Barger, Blakeslee, Baker, Crotty, Campau, Cobbs, Chute, 
Dunford, E. Doss, L. Doss, Ernest, T. Falvey, E. Falviey, 
Garrity, Graham, Haney, Hopkins, Bloomingston, Me 
Phee, McA^'eigh, Murphy, McGill, C. Mitchell, Moncada, 
Millard, Mason, Meinzer, McNulty, McGuire, Mooney, 
Nussbaum, Nester, J. Peck, Piero, Paul, Perkins, Quill, 
Ramsey, Sweet, Stone, Tracy, Weston, Williamson, Mc- 

Class Honors. 

[ In the following list may be found the names of those 
students Avho have given entire satisfaction in all their 
classes during the month past.] 


Messrs. Meister, -McCabe, Rahilly, Breen, Coghlin, W. 
Murphy, Dwan, Marion, Chapin, Austin, J. V. O’Donnell, 
McMurray, C. Paschel, H. Paschel, Livingston, Harless, 
Noonan, Hotaling, Hamlyn, Darragh, Johnson, Mullane, 
Daly, Rogers, Spencer, Meyers, Berthelet, O’Brien, Luther, 
Menig, Ruffing, Houlihan, Holman, Hibbeler, Talbot, 
HoAvard, Harris, Monschein, Borgschulze, Wabraushek. 

For the Dome. 

John 'Mahoney, .Chester, N. Y. $54X> 



Saint Jflary's Academy. 

One Mile IVesl of Notre Dame University. 

— The Minims took the most delightful walk 
of the season on Ascension Thursday. 

— Of the Minims, Ella Blaine, Flora Johnson, 
and Fannie Spenser received lOo in lessons. 

— Of the Third Senior Class, the Misses Ellen 
Kearns and Ella Brad}'- received loo in lessons. 

— Miss Kate Donnelly, of Michigan City, Ind., 
a former esteemed pupil of St. Mary’s, is spending 
a few days at the Academy. 

— The hymns sung by the Children of Mary at 
the May Devotions are very beautiful, and are 
greatly admired by those who attend the services. 

— The singing of the Litany, of Loreto by the 
Children of Mary, as the}'^ pass from the Academy 
in pi'ocession in the moi'ning, sounds very delight- 
ful to our ears; and the fervent invocations must 
certainly reach the heart of the “ Queen of Vir- 
gins,” as the}' arise from those pure young souls 
to heaven. 

— Those who drew for the Roman mosaic cross 
were the Misses E. Sheekey, Keyes, Regan, 
Richmond, Snowhook, Trask, Van Horn, Brown, 
Erlenborn, Smith, Stadtler, Searls, Norris, Prud- 
homme, Boyer, and E. Balch. Cora Prudhomme 
was the winner, but waived her claim in favor of 
Agnes Keyes. 

— ^An important addition has been made to the phil- 
osophical apparatus. Among other things, a large 
Aurora Tube, Crookes Ruby Tube, a Telegraph, 
a large Electrical Chime, several instruments for 
proving Ampere’s Law, Archimede’s principle, and 
many other utensils, equally important to the eluci- 
dation of Natural P hilosophy. The apparatus was 
purchased from the firm of Queen’s & Co., of 

— At the regular Academic reunion Miss F uller 
recited the beautiful poem of George H. Miles, 
entitled “ San Sisto,” and Miss Munger read an 
amusing selection. Very Rev. Father General 
made some valuable remarks impressing the im- 
portance of graceful, respectful deportment, and 
that modest self-possession which marks the true 
lady. Father Shortis paid some well-merited 
compliments to the readers. 



Addison, who was possessed of an unquestion- 
able knowledge of human nature, says: “ The tal- 
ent of turning men into ridicule and exposing to 
laughter those one converses with, is the qualifica- 
tion of little minds, and ungenerous tempers. A 
young man of this cast of mind cuts himself off 
from all manner of impi'ovement.” 

If this be true of the sterner sex, it is tenfold. 

more so of our own; and yet, often, so strong is 
the desire of thoughtless young girls to create a 
sensation, and so weak is their. sense of common 
justice and propriety, that they lay themselves open 
to the condemnation of the great English writer. 

Happy for them if thoughtlessness and not 
malice be the cause of their folly, for some hope 
is then left of their correction. The prevailing 
spirit of society at the present day is a hunger and 
thirst after amusement, and the author who can- 
not divert the mind of the reader is laid on the 
shelf: the speaker who does not interlard his ser- 
mon, lecture, or dissertation with something of a 
laughable nature is discarded at once as dry, and 
no matter how important may be the information 
conveyed, ten to one, it will not be accepted. The 
fault may not lie with author or speaker; but the 
repugnance of the i-eader or listener to make any 
mental effort, is generally the cause of indifference. 

We read in Holy Writ that “Jesus wept”; but 
we do not remember any passage where the idea-is 
conveyed that levity was at any time tolerable to 
Him. He permitted His sacred person to be the 
object of scorn and mockery, but lips Divine were 
never desecrated by the utterance of a trivial word. 

Pagans in the early ages, like faithless races of 
the present time, seemed to exist only for the mo- 
ment, and in their tyrannical selfishness often em- 
ployed the most inhuman means to gratify their 
wicked propensities. W e do not wonder at them 
when we learn that they did not know God. 
They knew no guide save their perverse and un- 
hallowed inclinations. 

The great persecution began under the black 
shadow of an entertainment given to please the Ro- 
man emperor. Twenty-one years had not passed 
away after the Deicide on Mount Calvary, when 
Nero ascended the imperial throne. Unhappy 
world, to be ruled by a man who knew no law 
but self-satisfaction! Is it. the least wonder that a 
code whose first principle is that of self-abnegation 
was perfectly abhorrent to him? 

Having set fire to the city of Rome, he retreated 
to a distant tower that he might enjoy to the full 
the magnificent effect of so great a conflagration. 
Alarmed afterwards at the condign punishment 
which the positive knowledge of his wanton act 
was sure to bring upon him, with that cowardice 
always a counterpart of cruelty, he threw the 
blame upon the Christians, and by his order great 
numbers were put to death, and among them St. 
Peter and St. Paul. The revolting modes of tor- 
ture to which his victims were subjected we re- 
frain from dwelling upon. For three hundred 
years imperial Rome amtised herself like revolt- 
ing spectacles. The wealthy patricians must be 
diverted, so Christians were cast to the lions, and 
the Roman spectator enjoyed himself. 

Those ages have past away, and in proportion 
as Christianity spreads its benign influence over 
the world, the spirit of barbarity diminishes; but 
in frofortion as it is ignorant., it increases^ and 
who are the objects of this barbarity? ' The weak, 
the poor, the defenceless, the aged, the infirm, the 
uninteresting! Those .who have crossed our path. 

59 « 


and whose popularit}’^ may be a disadvantage to 
ns; and among them may even be those to whom 
we owe a debt of gratitude beyond the power of 
human gifts to repay — parents, teachers, loving 
friends to whom our advantage is dearer than life 
itself. It is shocking to contemplate, but we must 
answer and praj' for them with our Lord : Father., 
J or give them, for they know not what they do! 
Circumstances ma}' conspire in which a joke at their 
expense ma}' prove to their unmeasured disadvan- 
tage. And yet, wit, repartee, and innocent laugh- 
ter are in themselves no crime. They can be 
made the instruments of great good. A kind- 
hearted young lady, an intelligent, thoughtful, 
generous soul can make them the avenues of the 
• greatest good to many, but not when they are the 
main object in view. 

It takes a rare — we came near sa3ung an heroic — 
courage to enable one to rise above and resist 
successfull}’^ the power of ridicule. Often, how- 
ever, this courage is necessary' if one would not 
forfeit her good reputation, not to say her soul. 

The world is amused at the jokes of the come- 
dian, laughs at him, cheers him, and urges him 
onward, but not one would pretend to saj'^ that he 
is woi'thy of emulation. A little light pleasantly 
ma}’^ be indulged in from time to time, but an in- 
veterate joker is the most dangerous of compan- 
ions. No one feels safe in the presence of one 
who on the slightest pretext may make you the 
laughing-stock of all present. 

A discreet and cultivated lad\’^ once said of a near 
relative, who was possessed of many excellent 
qualities, maiTed b}’- an ill-ordered love of the comic 
and ridiculous : “ I do not encourage her visits. 
One who will stoop to make herself the ‘ Meriy 
Andrew,’ the ‘ buffoon ’ of a compaii}'^, is not one 
whom I would wish my friends to meet in m}”^ 
parlor.” And she was right. There is an innate 
dignity in the Christian soul, to be found alike in 
the wealthy and the poor. Descend from this, and 
there is an end to self-respect. She who assumes 
the ro/e of the clown, is to be commiserated; she 
is not to be imitated, 

Let us have cheerfulness to the greatest extent. 
Let it spread its bright, rosy banner over eveiy 
walk of life. Smiles— the innocent smiles of a 
clear conscience and a light heart — are the sunshine 
of Gods love. Earth can never secure enough of 
them. They make the dark paths of adversity 
fair and beautiful ; they throw the glory of heaven 
over the trials of earth ; but as the distance between 
the stars and the earth, so is the distance between 
the influence of the trifling, joking miith-lover, 
and the calming, holy power exerted b}*^ the truly 
cheerful and upright. 

Roll of Honor. 



Far Excellent — ^Misses M.'Adderly, M. Bruhn, Barlow, 
Blair, Bradj”^, E. Call, Carney, S. Dunne',' A. Donnelly, E. 
Donnelly, Dillon,* M. Fuller, C. Ginz, B. Gove, Griffith, 

Alice Gordon, Gavan, A. Heckard, B. Heckard, Hutchin- 
son, Hale, Keenan, Ke.nrne3’, Kearns, Lange, T. MeSor- 
ley, A. Murphi’, McHale, O’Halloran, O’Connell, Ramsej', 
Rose, Sheekev, M. Scuiy, C. Scuiy, Schmidt, S. St. Clair, 
L. St. Clair, M. Shea, C. Schilling, Sharrette, L. Walsh. E. 
Walsh, White. 2d Tablet — Misses Cox, Dwan, A. MeSor- 
ley, Richardson, Thornton. 


Par Excellefice — ^Misses Brown, T. Balch, B. Erlenborn, 
Hertzog, M. Murphy, Norris, Prudhomme, Preston, Rich- 
mond, G. Regan, E. Sheekey, Snowhook, Searls, Stadtler, 
L. Trask, L. Van Horn. 2d Tablet — Misses O. Boyer, E. 

A. Keys, M. Balch, McEwen, M. Smith. 


Par Excelletice — Misses E. Blaine, E. Burtis, E. Chapin, 
Hopkins, Johnson, Lindsey, Murray, Schmauss, Spencer, 
S.Van Fleet, E. Hammond, D. Lee. 


Gradu.-xting Class — M iss B. Gove. 

1ST Class — M isses V. Barlow, A. Shephard. 

2D Div. — ^Misses M. Bruhn, M. Hale, N. Keenan. 

2D Class — M iss C. Ginz. 

3D Class — M isses M. Adderly, E. Carne\% E. Horn, C. 
Morrison, M. O’Halloran, K. Schilling, L. Van Horn. 

2D Div. — M isses M. Ducej% M. Dillon, M. Fuller, M. 

B. Kearnej', M. Munger, Scullj'. 

4TH Class — Misses C. Fehr, A. Malboeuf, A. Murphy, 
H. Ramsey, B. Snowhook, G. AVolvin. 

2D Div. — Misses H. Call, K. Ducey, D. Fitzpatrick, C. 
Griffith, T. MeSorlej', A. MeSorlej', L. St. Clair, E. Wal- 

5TH Class— M isses M. Barrj-, E. Brady, Angela 
Donnelly, E. Donnelly, S. Dunne, A. English^ M. Fisk, 
Alice Gordon, L. Hutchinson, B. Lauer, G. Regan, B. 
Sharette, E. Taj'lor, Elizabeth Walsh. 

2D Div. — ^M isses G. Faxon, Addie Gordon, M. Keyes, 

C. Rose, M. Schmidt, C. Servis, G. Stadtler, E. Schultz, 
F. Thornton. 

6tii Class — M isses N. Brown, C. Cox, M. Ducey, B. 
English, M. Kearsev”, M. Murphj', A. Richardson, M. Shea, 
Ella Sheekej^ Margaret Smith, F. Spencer, S. St. Clair, H. 

2D Div. — M isses I. Alcott, S. Bubb, B. Erlenborn, E. 
Kearns, M. Morse, M. Newman, E. O’Connell, Ella Walsh. 

7TH Class — M isses M. Allwein, M. Blair, F. Carmien, 
S. Campeau, B. Heckard, M. Helpling, F. Hertzog, C. . 
Lang, E. Norris, A. Schmauss, G. Searls, V. Stull, A. 
White, M. Wright. 

8th Class — M iss C. Prudhomme. 

9TH Class — M isses E. Blaine, E. Chapin, M. Lindsey, 
B. ^lurray. 

lOTH Class — M isses E. Burtis, J. Hammond, D. Lee. 


2D Class, 2d Div. — M iss M. Dillon. 

3D Class, 2d Div. — M iss D. Fitzpatrick. 

4TH Class — ^M iss A. Shephard. 


4TH Class — M iss A. English. 

6tii Class — M iss A. Schuler. 


Miss E. Carney. 


1ST Class — M isses M. Bruhn, M. Hale. 

2D Div. — M iss B. English. 

2D Class — M iss S. St. Clair. 

2D Div. — M isses A. English, B. Lauer H. Ramsey, K. 

3D Class — M isses I. Alcott, M. Ducey, L. St. Clair, E. 
Sheekey, E. Walsh, L. Walsh. 

4TH Class — M isses Addie Gordon, Alice Gordon, E. 
Rose, G. Stadtler, C. Griffith. 

5TH Class — M isses C. Fehr, C. Lange, B. Heckard.