Sisce quasi semper vietums ; rive quasi eras moritoms.
Voi.. XVIII. NOTRE DAME, INDIANA, MAY 23, 1885. No. 37.
The Old Church.*
Stick by stick, and brick by brick,
With rope and saw, with hammer and pick.
They have taken the old church down.
Ah, rude was the work, though gently done.
And sad was the triumph the workman won.
When the dear old walls were down 1
And many a stidng of the soul and the heart
In sorrow and pain Avas forced apart.
While the loved and the old came doAvn !
No more the altar, chaste and bright.
Shall lift to heaven its blessed light.
Altar and lights are down.
The tabernacle, home of Love,
Sweet seraph rest of the heavenly Dove,
Alas 1 that too is doAvn.
No more the eye is fastened there.
The spirit rapt in silent prayer,
Alas, alas, ’tis doAvn !
Around the Avail, no more shall we
The sad procession sorrowing see.
The Stations all are down.
The Christ no more upon the Cross,
Winning us from our fearful loss.
Shall hang in suttering doAvn.
Her speechless grief no more alarms.
Dead to all but the Dead in her arms.
As she looks in agony doAvn.
Where Spalding, Purcell, Smarius preached.
Whence grace so oft our poor hearts reached.
The pulpit too is doAvn.
The rich-toned organ noAv no more
Shall SAvell and echo, o’er and o’er.
The golden pipes are doAvn.
The purple light, in AvaA-^e on Avave,
No more through transept and through naA’^e
Shall come in glory doAvn.
The godlike Eye, that gazed on high
As if our immost soul ’tAVould spy.
Shall look no longer doAvn.
♦ This poem originally appeared in the Scholastic
about ten years ago and is noAv i-epublished by request.
The thoughts expressed in the verses are recalled by the
present demolition of the last I'emaining 'Aving of the old
church. — [E d.]
And many an eye of blessed priest,
Like that kind Eye, its look has ceased.
And the voice no more comes down.
Gone, too, the font and the stool and the rail.
Where bishop and priest to the sinner pale.
Brought Heaven lovingly down.
Aj'e, gone are our hearts Avith the blissful days
When AA'e knelt in those aisles for prayer and praise.
Gone Avith their memory doAvn.
The temple, rising stately, grand.
Will shine more glorious o’er the land.
Than that Avhich noAv is doAvn.
But AA-e, remembering, still shall thirst
For the beauty and glory of the first.
The church they have taken doAvn.
The Literature of Greece.
One of the most striking features in the history
of the Grecian people is the perfection Avhich
they attained in literature and art. It was
their intellectual activity and their keen apprecia-
tion of the beautiful that constantly gave birth to
new forms of creative genius. There was an un-
interrupted progress in the development of the
Grecian mind from the earliest dawn of the his-
tory of the people to the downfall of their political
independence; and age after age saw the pro-
duction of some of those master-works of 'genius
which have been the models and the admiration
of all subsequent time. In ancient times there ex-
isted two great schools of epic poetry. The first
comprised poems relating to the great events of
the heroic age and were characterized by a certain
poetical unity ; the second included works tamer
in character and more desultory in the mode of
treatment, containing the genealogies of men and
gods, narratives of the exploits of individual heroes,
and descriptions of the ordinary pursuits of life.
The poems of the former class were called Homeric
and the second Hesiodan. The first class were the
productions of the Ionic and .<rEolic minstrels in
Asia Minor, among whom Homer stood pre-em-
inent and eclipsed the brightness of the rest: the
second class were the compositions of a school of
bards in the neighborhood of Mount Helicon in
Bceotia, among whom, in like manner, Hesiod en-
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
joj’^ed the greatest celebrity. The poems of both
schools, it is said, were composed in the hexameter
verse and in a similar dialect; but in almost every
other feature they differed widely. We shall
speak first of the Homeric poems.
Homer was almost worshipped the Greeks,
by whom he was called the “ Poet.” The lUad
and the Odyssey were the Greek Bible. They
were the ultimate standard of appeal on all
matters of religious doctrine and eai'l}’^ history.
They were learned by boys at school, they were the
study of men in their riper years, and even in the
time of old Socrates there were Athenian gentle-
men who could repeat both poems by heart.
Wherever a Greek settled, he would carry with
him a love for the great poet, and when the
Greeks lost their independence, the Iliad and the
Odyssey still maintained an undiminished hold
upon their affections. Wh}'-, then, should any one
wonder that seven cities — Smyrna, Chios, Colo-
phon, Salamis, Rhodes, Argos, and Athens — each
laid claim to the honor of being his birth-place?
Three works have come down to us by tradition
bearing the name of Hesiod — the “Works and
Days”; the “ Theogony,” and a description of the
“ Shield of Hercules.” The first two were genei'ally
considered in antiquity as the genuine productions of
Hesiod; but the “Shield of Hercules,” and the
other Hesiodic poems were admitted to be the
compositions of other poets of his school. It is to
his brother that he addresses his didactic poem of
the “Works and Days,” in which he la)2s down
various moral and social maxims for the regula-
tion of his conduct and life.
Greek lyric poetry commenced as a cultivated
species of composition from the middle of the
seventh century before the Christian era. In the
Ionic -^olic colonies of Asia Minor, and in the
Doric cities of the Peloponnesus an advancing
civilization and an enlarged experience had called
into existence new thoughts and feelings, and sup-
plied new subjects for the muse. At the same
time, epic poetry, after reaching its climax of ex-
cellence in the Iliad and Odyssej'^, had fallen into
the hands of inferior bards. The national genius,
however, was still in all the bloom and vigor of its
32outh,‘and the decay of epic minstrelsy only stimu-
lated it more vigorously to present in a new style
of poetiy the new circumstances . and feelings of
the age. The same desire of change and of
adapting the subjects of poetry to the altered con-
dition of society was of itself sufficient to induce
poets to vary the metre; but the more immediate
cause of this alteration was the improvement of
the arts of music by the Lesbian Terpander and
others, in the beginning of the seventh century
The lyric poems of the Greeks were composed,
not for the solitary reader in his chamber, but to be
sung on festive occasions, either public or private,
with the accompaniment of a musical instrument.
Hence there was a necessary connection between
the arts of music and of poetry; and an improve-
rment in the one led to a corresponding improve-
ment in the other. No important, event either in
the public or private life of a Greek, could dis-
pense with this accompaniment; and also the
song was equally needed to solemnize the wor-
ship of the gods, to cheer the march to battle,
or to enliven the festive board. But it is to be
regretted that lyi'ic poetry has almost entirely
perished, and all that we possess of it consists of
a few songfs and isolated frasrments. Yet what
remains of it, enables us to form an opinion of its
sui'passing excellence. It should onlj"^ be one’s aim
to call attention to the most distinguished masters
of lyric song, and to illustrate their genius by a
few specimens of. their remains.
The great satirist Archilochus was one of the
earliest and most celebrated of all lyric poets.
He flourished about the year 700 B. C. His ex-
traordinary poetical genius is attested by the unan-
imous voice of antiquity which placed him on
a level with Homer. He was the first Greek
poet who composed iambic verses according to
fixed rules; the invention of the elegy is ascribed
to him as well as to Callinus. His fame, however,
rests chiefl}’^ on his terrible satires composed in the
iambic metre, which we find in “ Horace’s Ars
“ Archilochum proprio rabies armavit lambo.”
He was very poor, and was a suitor to
Neobule, daughter of Lycambes, but his suit was
rejected, for which reason he, being so enraged,
held up the family in public scorn, in an iambic
poem, accusing Lycambes of perjury and his
daughters of the most abandoned profligacy.
His lampoons produced such an effect that the
daughters of Lycambes are said to have hanged
themselves through shame. He was discontented
at home, and on that account went to Thaos on
an expedition; but neither was he happ^^^ there,
as he writes when attacking that place in his
satires. He passed a great deal of his life in wan-
derings, arid finally fell in a battle between the
Parians and Naxians. He possessed high attributes
of style, as the following will show :
“ My soul, my soul, careworn, bereft of rest,
Arise ! and front the foe with dauntless breast ;
Take thy firm stand amidst his fierce alarms.
Secure, with inborn valor meet his arms.
Nor conquering, yield, fall down at home and Aveep,
AAvait the turns of life A\-ith duteous aAve ;
KnOAv Revelation is great nature’s laAv.”
Simonides, a native of Amorgos, was contem-
porarjf with Archilochus, with whom he shares the
honor of inventing the iambic metre. He is the
earliest of the gnomic poets, or moralists in verse.
The most important of his extant works is a satirical
poem on “Women,” in which he describes their
various characters. In order to give a livelier
image of the female beauty, he derives their differ-
ent qualities from the variety of their origin, — the
cunning woman being formed from the fox, the
talkative woman- from the dog, and so on. The
following will give an idea of his sentiments as
expressed in verse:
“ Next in the lot a gallant dame Ave see,
Sprung from a mare of noble pedigree.
No servile Avork her spirit proud can brook — .
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
Her hands were never taught to iahe or cooh.
The vapor of the oven makes her ill,
She scorns to empty slofs or turn the mill;
No household washings her fair skin deface,
Her own ablutions are her chief solace.
Three baths a day, Avith balms and perfumes rare,
Refresh her tender limbs : her long, rich hair
Each time she combs, and decks AA’ith blooming
No spouse more fit than she the idle hours
Of Avealthy lords or kings to recreate
And grace the splendor of their country state ;
For men of humbler sort, no better guide
Heaven in its AA^rath to’ ruin can provide.”
Tyrtteus and Aleman were the two great lyric
poets of Sparta. Tyrtteus was a warrior. He was
in great demand by many nations to encourage
their warriors to fight by his warlike songs. His
most celebrated song is the following:
“ To the field, to the field, gallant Spartan band.
Worthy sons, like your sires, of our Avarlike land I
Let each arm be prepared for its part in the fight;
Fix the shield on the left, poise the spear Avith the I’ight.
Let no care for your liA-es in your bosoms find place.
No such care kncAv the heroes of old Spartan race.
Aleman lived about from 670-611 B. C. His
poems were of repose and enjoyment after the
fatigues and perils of war. Many of his songs
celebrate the pleasure of good eating and drink-
ing; but the more important were intended to be
sung by a chorus at the public festivals of Sparta.
His description of night is one of the most strik-
ing remains of his genius : —
“Noav o’er the droAVSy earth still night prevails.
Calm sleep the mountain tops and shady vales.
The rugged cliffs and holloAv glens;
The wild beasts slumber in their dens.
The cattle on the hill. Deep in the sea
The countless finny race and monster brood
Tranquil repose. Even the busy bee
Forgets her daily toil. The silent Avood
No more Avith noisj' hum of insect rings.
And all the feathered tribes, by gentle sleep subdued.
Roost in the glade, and hang their drooping Avings.”
This sort of poetry was also improved by Arion
and Stesichofus. Of the history of Arion, little
is known, and he died very earl}- before he was
able to accomplish little or nothing.
Stesichorus was a native of Himera in Sicily. He
was born in the j'ear 633 B. C., and flourished
about 60S B. C. He is said to have made great
improvements in the Greek chorus. He was the
first to break the monotony of the choral song —
which had consisted before of nothing more than one
uniform stanza — ^by dividing it into the sirofhe.,
the antistrofhe and the epodus, the turn., the’
return and the rest. Alcteus and Sappho were
both natives of Mytilene in the Island of Lesbos,
and flourished about 610-5S0 B. C. Their songs
were composed for a single Amice, and not for the
chorus; both were inventors of new metres which
bear their names, and are familiar to us by the pdesof
Horace. Their poetry was the warm out-pouring
of the writers’ inmost feelings, and pi'esents . the
lyric poetry of the ..rEolians at its highest point.
Alcaeus is renowned for his warlike odes. The
following is a fragment of one :
“ From floor to floor, the spacious palace halls
Glitter Avith Avar’s array ;
With burnished metal clad, the lofty Avails
Beam like the bright noon day.' ‘ '
There Avhite-plumed helmets hang from many a hail
Above in threatening roAA*;
Steel-garnished tunics and broad coats of mail spread
o’er the space beloAv;
Chalcedeon blades enoAV, and belts are here,
Greaves and emblazoned shields,
Well-tried protectors from the hostile spear
On other. battle fields, —
AVith these good helps our AA'ork of Avar’s begun, —
With these our victory must be AA'on.
Sappho was contemporary with Alcaeus. Plato
calls her in an extant epigram the tenth Muse; and
e\mn Solon, on hearing the recital of one of her po-
ems, expressed a vvish not to die until he would have
it committed to memory. Of her life, little is known.
In several of her fragments we perceive the ex-
quisite taste with which she . employed images
drawn from nature, of which we have an example
in the beautiful line imitated by Lord Gordon
Noel Byron : —
“O Hesperus, thou bringest all things!”
Anacreon is the last lyric poet of this period
who claims our attention. He spent part of his
life at Samos, where he wrote many songs. Uni-
versal tradition of antiquity represents Anacreon
as a consummate voluptuary ; and his poems prove
the truth of this tradition. He sings of love and
wine with hearty, good will, and we see in him the
luxury of the Idnians inflamed by the fervor of
the poet. His death was worthy of his life — if we
may believe the account that he was choked by a
grape stone. Very few fragments of his writings
are extant, since it is universally acknowledged
that they were too spurious to be preserved.
Down to the end of the seventh century before
Christ, literary celebrity in Greece was exclusiv^ely
confined to the poets; but at the commencement
of the following century there sprang up in differ-
ent parts of Greece a number of men who, under the
name of the “ SeA’^en Sages,” became distinguished
for their wise sayings or maxims. Their names
are Solon, Thales, Pittacus, Periandle, Cleobulus,
Chilo, and Bias. Most of these personages were
always actively engaged in the affairs, of public
life, and exercised great influences upon their con-
temporaries. They were the authors of the cele-
brated mottoes inscribed in later days in the Del-
phian temple: “Know thyself”; “Nothing too
much”; “ Know thy opportunity ”; “ Surety -ship is
the precursor of men.”
The history of Greek philosophy begins with
' Thales of Miletus, who was born about 640 B. C.,
and died in .550 B. C. He founded the Ionic
school of philosophy, and to him were traced the
first beginnings of .geometry and astronomy. His
main teaching was that water or fluid substance
was the single original -element from which every-
thing came and into which everything returned.
A.naximander, his successor in the Ionic school, was
the first to introduce the sun-dial into Greece. An-
aximenes, the third in the series of Ionic philosophy,
endeavored, like Thales, to derive the origin of all
material things from a single element; and ac-
cording to his theory, air was the source of life.
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
In like mannei', Heraclitus of Ephesus, who flour-
ished about 513 B. C., regarded fire or heat as the
pi'iraaiy form of all matter. Anaxagoras, the most
illustrious of all Ionic philosophers, abandoned the
sj’^stem of his predecessors, and, instead of regard-
ing some elementary foi'ra of matter as the origin
of all things, he conceived a supreme mind or in-
telligence, distinct from the visible world, to have
imparted form and matter to the chaos of natui'e.
He taught such men as Pericles, Socrates and
Euripides. The 3d school was the Eleatic, deriving
its name from Elea or Velia, a Greek colony on
the western coast of southern Italy, founded by
Xenophanes of Colophon. He conceived the
whole of nature to be god, and did not hesitate to
denounce as abominable the Homeric descriptions
of the gods. Parmenides and Zeno were his dis-
ciples. The 3d school of philosoph}*^ was founded
by P}rthagoras — very little of his teachings are now
known. True it is, however, that he believed in
the rtansmigration of the souls; as it is related by
his contemporary Xenophanes, that he, upon see-
ing a dog beaten, interceded in its behalf, saying:
“It is the soul of a friend of mine whom I recog-
nize by its voice.” The foregoing presents but
a glimpse of the beauty one derives from the
study of the Grecian wise men. The amount of
learning that may be obtained from their works is
astonishing. It is, indeed, too true, as a certain
poet sings :
“Greece! Greece! mighty thou hast ever been !
’Tis in letters, ’tis in warriors, and ’tis in sages, too.
That Thou, where’er they be or where’er tliey shall be.
Wilt ever be there too.”
G. H. S., ’85.
Something About Coal.*
The more we study, the farther we advance in
the sciences, so much the more will we be able to
appreciate the beauties and works of nature. Yet,
while we seemingly advance towards discovering
those hidden laws of nature, we are retreating in an-
other way. Our stronghold of boasted knowledge
is shattered and sundered, our best theories seem
absurdities, and ultimately we are forced to ac-
knowledge that we know nothing.
Man is ever busy in his efforts to aid himself;
all his works are marked by a certain amount of
destruction and waste. His ambition seems to be
“ that his memory may be kept green ” ; and though
time may destroy most of his works, yet nature
will wrap some in shrouds of stone, where they
may be studied, perhaps by scientists of another race.
Untiring nature is ever busy, and strata upon
strata are the monuments of her work. Man is
endbwed with many precious gifts, each of priceless
value, and great, indeed, is that one which allows
him to make known his thoughts to others. Yet
he cannot penetrate the gloom that precedes and
follows his career, except by interpreting from the
word and works of God.
* Paper read before the Notre Dame Scientific Associa-
tion by Delano C. Saviers, ’86.
What revolutions our globe has passed through,
preceding the time of man, is faithfully recorded
by nature; and the geologist reads from her hiero-
gl3’^phics, in the various strata, what were the con-
ditions and various changes in past ages — many are
the subjects and theories in Geology — all pleasing
to discuss; ^’^et, knowing but little of that of which
I would I knew more, I will confine myself to a
few words upon coal.
In Geology, when speaking of time, we speak
not of da}’^s or years, but of ages, and by that is
meant unknown time wherein certain o;eneral
changes were effected upon the earth, and it is from
these changes and effects that the ages derive their
names. We will first speak of the carboniferous
age — the third period of Paleozoic time. We
find that wood and coal are composed of the
same elements — carbon, hj’^drogen, and oxygen —
but in different proportions. We will leave the ex-
planation of how wood is transformed into coal to
the chemist, and onlj? mention the intermediate
In the spring of the )'^ear, when rivers are swollen
by rain and snow, the}’^ cany awa}"^ with them trees,
branches, and all kinds of floating material. Thou-
sands and thousands of trees are thus transported
from forests and swamps, and miles of this debris
and drift wood have been found at the termina-
tion of I'i vers. Y ear after year have witnessed these
accumulations in different parts of the world.
Next let us notice some of the great forest-covered
swamps like those near the Mississippi. Here ai'e
found a dense growth of reeds and shrubs, while
herbage of every kind is mixed up with the fallen
trunks of rtees; and if vegetation seems plenty
now, what must it have been during the carbon-
iferous age, when it was more abundant, when its
growth was unlimited?
Let us look at peat formation. A few feet be-
low the surface of swamps has often been found
a substance resemblinsr coal Ivincr. intei'mincfled
with rotten logs and sticks, this is called peat; it
is the principal fuel in Ireland, and large areas of
the country are covered by 'these peat bogs; it is
also found in Scotland and the United States.
One of these beds found in Main was twenty feet
in thickness. Lignite occupies an intermediate
place between peat and coal, it being more brittle
and firm than the former, and more resembles the
latter in appearance. Both of these exhibit the
fibrous structure of the original vegetation, as
coal is only raetamorphized vegetation. In ex-
amining coal, we find the remains of many spe-
cies of plants, often the trunks of trees, standing
erect in these coal beds, while their upper portions
lie near; and these trunks that once were seven or
eierht feet in circumference are found flattened to
the thickness of a couple of inches.
In Geology we study from results, and judge the
subject from their remains. When we pick up a
shell we naturally conclude that the animal that
inhabited it was of the same structure as the space
enclosed by the interior of the shell. So, when we
come across such impressions in the strata of the
earth, we say such and such an animal or plant
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
must have lived during the formation of that strata. |
All men’s foi'e fingei'S, when impressed upon !
wax, leave the same general impression, yet each |
differs on closer examination; thus the various j
strata are general in appearance to the ordinary
observer, yet each differs from the other, and it is
from this that the geologist can tell the animals
and plants that lived during the different ages.
These strata are composed of worked-over mate-,
rial, together with the remains of animals and veg-
In speaking of the carboniferous age, with its
forests, jungles and floating islands, we may say
that thus far about 900 species of plants are known.
Among these fossils we find fern, like the common
fern of to-day ; also ti'ee ferns that towered twenty
or thirty feet in the air, bearing at the top radiat-
ing tufts. Also do we find leaves, stems and nut-
like fruits, and all of these far exceed in size and
perfection those of the present day. The skele-
tons of diffei'ent species of mullusca, articulates,
radiates, and some forms of the lower vertebrates,
are found in coal beds.
In the carboniferous age more carbon acid was
contained in the atmosphere than now, thus aiding
the growth of vegetation. Vegetation helped to
purify the air, by absorbing the carbonic acid,
thus preparing and making it suitable for the
higher animals. As already observed, nature is ever
busy; ever converting one substance into another;
gathering that which man casts aside and con-
verting it into other substances which he is pleased
to use. Thus it is, ever changing yet loosing
nothing, she continues her work. Man may make
use of her productions and may think that her
supply will soon be exhausted, yet, on the contrary,
it seems the more we use the more we find. Coal
is confined to no one region, nor can it be said to
be scarce. It is found in the Arctic regions.
Great Britain, German}^, France, Spain, and the
other countries of Europe; also Asia, Africa and
America. Coal beds are generally found resting
upon a bed of grayish or bluish clay called “ under
•day,” or upon sandstone or shale, while above
\r^Wiay be found sandstone, shale, conglomerate or
limestone. The beds may vary from a fraction
of an inch to thirty or forty feet in thickne.ss —
though from 7 to 10 feet is considei'ed a good bed.
It has been calculated that the amount of coal in
a single coal scam six inches thick, is greater than
the most luxuriant vegetation of the present day
could produce in 1,300 years; and as a 3 feet seam
is the thinnest that can be worked to an advantage,
it would require 7,200 years.
Coal varies in kind, being anthracite, bitumin-
ous, brown and cannel-coal; it also varies in regard
to the im|Durities present. All contain more or
less earthy matter which remains, after being
burned, in the shape of ashes and slag. The gases
that are given ofl pass into the great woi'kshop of
nature, are absorbed by vegetation, and the endless
chain of transformation into coal may again ensue.
As stated already, coal is confined to no one region;
and in order that you may have some idea of the
immense quantities of this useful mineral, I may
mention the fact that Great Britain produces about
65,000,000 tons of coal every year, and it is cal-
culated that the coal-fields of England and Wales
would supply 60,000,000 tons annually for a thou-
sand years to come. - The galleries of these mines
are sometimes very extensive: those in the Killing-
worth mine, near New Castle, measure altogether
upwai'ds of one hundred and sixty miles. We
find that Great Britain and Ireland has about
12,000 square miles of coal fields, Spain 4,000,
France 2,000, and Belgium 51S, while North
America has about 200,000.
The use of coal as a fuel was known to the
early Britains, but was used only in small quanti-
ties. But little trade occurred in this mlnerzd up to
the year 1239. makes of this
mineral may be seen every day — our houses are
heated and lighted, our ships propelled, our en-
gines turned, and many of the comforts of life are
derived from the use of coal. There are thou-
sands of men and beasts employed in the coal mines.
Many have lost their lives by accidents, either from
fire, flood or caving in of the earth. There are
explosive gases, called fire damp, contained in
crevices and unventilated parts of the mines;
these explode with great force w'hen coming in
contact with a flame. Previous to the year 1816
the only method of obtaining light in the mines
was either by candle or from a “ steel mill ” which
produced sparks of light. Sir Humphrey Davy
invented a lamp called the “Davy Lamp” or
“ Miner’s Safety Lamp,” which is a great protec-
tion to miners, being one of the most beneficial
triumphs of science. The chariot of science in her
flight rolls steadily toward the great hereafter;
the scenes change with each successive turn of the
wheels. Lighter and brighter grows her course,
forming strange contrast with the darkness and
gloom that surrounded the first part of her journey.
If all nature’s productions were to be banished,
save a few that were^ to be chosen by man, we
certainly would not choose gold, silver, or the
precious stones, but those things that now seem
ordinary and common. Coal would certainly be
among these; and science will join with man in
hailing coal as one of the grandest productions of
nature, more precious than brilliants, more useful
than gold, — the wealth, comfort and joy of nations
Spring fever is a malady that comes over the
school-boy’s spirit as regularly as the return of the
season. It carries with it an aversion to study and
to everything else that does not promise pleasure,
and pleasure without toil. It strikes the youthful
Aristotle simultaneously with the reappearance of
baseball, fishing parties and picnics, and all these
seem to be in league as they keep' one another
alive and are naturally delightful alternatives-. A
victim to this disease will sit at his desk, with open
book, while he is apparently going over his litera-
ture. But be not deceived! that boy is not troub-
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC,
ling the bygone Willie Shakspeare or Johnnie Mil-
ton: his thoughts are of sports, of schemes to get
“ I'ec,” or perhaps he is counting the days that
intervene betw’^een the tedious present and the va-
cation. This boy, now gazing pensively at the
book before him, wonders why such contrivances
as colleges are built, unless to annoy him and spoil
his pleasure. Sad is the patient’s lot! Arithmetic
is disregarded; Grammar a miserable bore, and
Latin quite disgusting. A thousand wild ideas
crowd his brain, and he fancies delights that could
be indulged in were it' not for all these piles of
books that puzzle the brain and weigh down the
youthful spirit. Finall}', when he gets over the
attack, he resolves to be studious, and to write a
composition that should have been \vritten a week
ago; but spring fever is the mortal enem}'^ of am-
bition and the murderer of all good resolutions.
The members of the Literature Class have it
bad; and one of them has been heard to sa}' that
the immortal bards, the sweet sons of song, and
all of nature’s oracles, etc., are bars to earthly hap-
piness and that he is willing to let them lie com-
fortably under the daisies, where they were laid
long ago, and that, for his part, he could never
understand why the dead and the beautiful should
be resuiTected just before fly-time when the vic-
tim of sj^ring fever registers ninety in the shade.
C. J. S., 88.
AN ERROR CORRECTED.
The Scholastic of last week contained an es-
say entitled “Two Hours in the Biological Labor-
atorjq” — a very interesting history of the torula or
yeast plant. The treatment of the subject was
complete and interesting, besides being exact, with
the exception of one passage in which the writer
makes the following statement:
“If we take another drop of the fluid containing the
yeast plants, and treat it with potash solution, an entirely
different reaction takes place. We find the cell-wall un-
changed, as usual, but the protoplasm is all dissolved, leav-
ing an empty sac.”
The last clause is erroneous. By actual demon-
stration on April 1 6th, I found that Messrs. Hux-
ley and Martin, authors of “Practical Biology,”
have made a unique statement in observing that a
potash solution will dissolve the protoplasm from
the sac. The illustiious Professors, and the au-
thor of “Two Hours in the Biological Labora-
tory” have plainly both been misled by appear-
ances: — an assertion in support of which I present
these two facts: ( i ) Iodine and magenta, if already .
applied to the preparation, will have their coloring
p-o-perties neutralized by a solution of hydrate of
potassium; but the protoplasm itself remains un-
changed." (2) If the yeast cells have not been
previously stained by iodine or magenta, enough
of the two must be taken to counteract the color-
neutralizing property of potash.
If these two facts are borne in mind whilst ex-
perimenting on the yeast plant, no one can fail to
observe that in every case protoplasm is not dis-
solved from the sac; 'ivhat we observe acting is
shnply the neiitralizing power possessed by potash
sohition over colors — not the destruction of the
protoplasm. The author of “ Two Hours in the
Biological Laboratoi"}’^ ” — has evidently too closely
followed the text-books, which, we are taught, are
"often wrong- and whose teaching's are better learned
o ^ o
b}’^ doubt and experiment than blind belief.
Frank J. Hagenbarth, ’87.
— A new statue of Linnajus at Stockholm was
solemnly inaugui'ated on the 13th inst.
— The pendulum of the new clock in the Chi-
cago Board of Trade building weighs 750 pounds.
The dials are 10 feet 10 inches in diameter.
— Baron Nordenksjold is preparing for a fresh
attempt to reach the north pole by way of the
islands south of Siberia. He expects to be absent
— M. Lauth of Sevres has, after ten years of
experimentation, produced a porcelain far superior
to the famous old Sevi'es. It will take all kinds
of glazes,"and is susceptible of the highest kinds of
— The Mont Ventoux Observatory, near Avig-
non, in France, is in course of construction, and
in a few weeks will be in working order. Its
height is nearly 6,300 feet above the sea-level, and
the additional observatory, likewise in progress, is
5,150 feet in height.
— Herr Palisa, of the Vienna Observatory, need-
ing funds for an expedition he has projected to
observe the total eclipse of the sun in August,
1886, announces that he puts up for sale, at 1,250
francs, the right to bestow a name on the asteroid
No. 244, his last discovery. This is the first op-
poitunity that lovers have ever had to get a star
named after their sweetheai'ts.
— A new explosive, known as kinetite, is at pres-,
ent being studied in Germany. It consists, it is
said, of a mixture of oils and gun cotton, and is su-
perior to dynamite, as its manufacture and manip-
ulation are absolutely without danger; it will de-
tonate only under certain peculiar and well-defiiied
conditions of shock. Only the part exposed to
concussion explodes, and when fired it burns
quietly with a brilliant light. The true compo.sition
is being carefully kept secret.
— The Organ f Hr Oelhandel gives an account
of some experiments lately made in St. Petersburg
with pyronaphtha, an illuminating oil which Beil-
stein, the celebrated Russian chemist, thinks will,
supersede kerosene. It is said to be wholly free-
from danger of fire, and burning kerosene is easily
extinguished by it. Pyronaphtha it. self can be
readily put out by water. It burns with a bright
light, and gives oflf no smoke or. vapor, while the
fact that it is a residual product of the Baku dis-
tillation q| petrqlqura tpakes it cost less thau
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
Art, Music and Literature.
— Brinley Richards, the Welch pianist and com-
poser, died on the 4th insti, aged 66 years.
— A complete German translation of the Baby-
lonian Talmud, the first ever accomplished, is to
be published shortly at Innsbruck.
— The Shakspeare memoi'ial window, in the
church at Stratford-upon-Avon, subscribed for by
American visitors, was unveiled on the 5th inst.
— Prince Ibrahim Hilmy, son of the ex-Khedive,
is preparing a work on “ The Literature of Egypt,”
the first volume of which will shortl}'" be issued.
The work is dedicated to the prince’s father.
— A British drama association has been started
in England with a capital of five hundred thousand
dollars. It is formed to procure and produce on
the stage the highest class of original dramatic
— Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench & Co. will
publish, early in the autumn, the English edition of
the “ Life, Letters, and Journals of the Late Henry
Wadsworth Longfellow,” by the brother of the
poet. It will fill two volumes.
— A biography of Gustave Dore has been written
by Mme. Blanche Roosevelt, and will shortly be
published by Cassell & Co. The author’s mate-
rial is said to have been derived from personal rec-
ollections and from the family of the artist.
— The “ Madonna di San Sisto” at Dresden has
been subjected to a cleaning process, consisting in
the complete removal of the old varnish and the
substitution of new. There has been no interfer-
ence with the original colors. Titian’s picture of
the “ Tribute Penny ” has been similarly restored.
— “ The return of Mr. Irving to his theatre im-
plies,” says the London Times., “ the departure of
Miss Anderson, who will carry home with her the
good wishes of the English public, won by the
charm of her personality not less than by her
superb art. It is to be hoped that her absence will
be but temporai-y.”
— Walter Gosthe has bequeathed the poet’s
house at Weimar to the State, together with a
legacy of ^1,000, to maintain the estate. He also
bequeathed his posthumous works and manuscripts
to the Grand Duchess of Weimar, and his art col-
lections to the Grand Duke. The Goethe villa on
the Jaena road is left to the crown.
— A life of Gen. Gordon has just been published
in Dutch, the sale of which is almost unprece-
dented in Plolland. The whole of the first large
edition was ordered before it was ready, and a
second had to be issued at once. The author, the
Rev. C. S. A. van Scheltema, is a clergyman of
nearl}' eighty years of age, whose life has been
devoted- to philanthropic labors.
— Philip Gilbert Hamerton, the art writer, gives
an opinion that “ the Americans now far surpass
all other nations in wood engraving, and their deli-
-cacy of execution and manual skill is a continual
marvel, and it is accompanied by so much intelli-
gence — I. mean by so much ciitical understanding
of different graphic arts — that a portfolio of their
best wood-cuts is most interesting. Not only do
they undei'stand engraving thoroughly, but they
are the best printers in the world.”
— ^Dr. Ingleby is preparing « Shakspeare and the
Welcombe Enclosures,” a folio volume of au-
totypes of the extant pages of the private diary of
Thomas Gx'eene, Town Clerk of Stratford-upon-
Avon during the later years of Shakspeare’s life.
They are’ accompanied by a transcript prepared
by Mr. Edward Scott, of the British Museum, and
an appendix, consisting of illustrative. documents,
which, like the diary, are preserved at Stratford.
To these Dr. Ingleby furnishes an introduction.
— The memorial — a statue and heroic tablet — of
the Poet Edgar Allan Poe, presented by the ac-
tors of New York, to the Metropolitan Museum
of Art, was unveiled, on the 4th inst., with great
ceremony. Algernon S. Sullivan presided, and
the presentation speech was made by Edwin Booth.
The marble tablet bears the following inscription :
“ This Memorial, expressing a deep and personal sym-
pathy between the Stage and the Literature of America,
was placed here by the Actors of New York to commem-
orate the American Poet, Edgar Allan Poe, whose parents,
David Poe, Jr., and Elizabeth Arnold, his- wife, were actors,
and whose renown should therefore be cherished with
peculiar reverence and pride by the dramatic profession of
“He was born in Boston, the 19th day of January, 1S09,
He died in Baltimore, the 7th day of October, 1849.
“ He was great in his genius, unhappy in his life, wTetched
in his death. But in his fame he is immortal.
“ Ssepius ventis agitatur ingens
Pinus, et celsae graviore casu
Decidunt turres, feriuntque summos
— A noteworthy feature of the Thirty-second
Congi'ess of the German Catholics, which takes
place at Munster this year, will be an “ Exhibition
of Christian Arts.” This interesting exhibition will
be divided into the following parts : a. Line Arts.
(1) Architecture: Sketches, plans, models. (2)
Plastic Art: Stone, metal, ivory, wood, etc. (3)
Painting: Enamel, mosaic (on glass, porcelain,
ivory, etc.), as well as designs and sketches. (4)
Graphic Arts: Engraving, etching, drawing, wood
cutting : b. Artistic Hand%vork and Trades. ( i )
Gold and silversmith’s work, engraving and chisel-
ling. (2) Iron and copper work. (3) Bells, brass
and tin work. (4) Wood carving and artistic cab-
inet work. (5) Organ building. (6) Vestments,
weaving, embroidery, lace, banners, etc. (7) Dec-
orative, painting. (8) Bookprinting: Liturgical
and religious, and art books. (9) Bookbinding,
("lo) Ceramic: Church vessels of porcelain, ma-
jolica, glass, etc. (ii) Wax: Altar candles, etc.
c. Multiplicative Arts. Only such subjects as re-
quire artistic skill, or serve as models and de-
signs. The Exhibition, which is destined only for
« all artists, artistic workmen, and artisans of Ger-
man-speaking countries ” who apply their art for
Church purposes, will be open from August 30th
to September 6th. The wWe is under the direc-
tion of Professor Funcke, of Munster,
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
Notre I>ame, May 23, 1885.
The attention of the Alumni of tlie University of Notre
Dame and otliers, is called to tlie fact that the NOTRE
DAME SCHOLASTIC has now entered upon the Eigh-
teenth year of its existence, and presents itself anew as a
candidate for the favor and support of the manj*^ old friends
that have heretofore lent it a helping hand.
THB NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC Contains:
choice Poetrj', Essays, and the current Art, Musical, Lit-
erary and Scientific Gossip of the daj'.
Editorials on questions of the day, as well as on subjects
connected with the Universit3' of Notre Dame.
Personal gossqi concerning the Avhereabouts and the suc-
cess of former students.
All the weekh' local news of the Universit3', including
the names of those who have distinguished themselves
during the week b3" their excellence in class, and b3' their
general good conduct.
Students should take it; parents should take it; and,
Old Students should take it.
Tertns, Si.jo fer Annum. Postpaid.
Address EDITOR NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC,
Notre Dame, Indiana.
If a subscriber fails to receive the Scholastic regularl3'
he will confer a favor b3' sending us notice immediatel3',
each time. Those who ma3^ have missed a number, or
numbers, and Avish to have the volume complete for bind-
ing, can have back numbers of the current volume b3^
3’Ppl3’’irig for them. In all such cases, earl3'- application
should be made at the office of publication, as, usually, but
fCAv copies in excess of the subscription list are printed.
The Editors of the Scholastic A\ill ahva3's be glad to
receive information concerning former students and grad-
uates of the Universit3%
— The readers of the Scholastic who have
admired, as well as enjoyed, the various con-
tributions of “Justin Thyme” during the past
fifteen years will be pleased to learn that he has
collected the best of these effusions and has pub-
lished them in book form. He has entitled his
book “Vapid Vaporings,” but the title gives no
idea of the rich fund of humor, unsurpassed by a
Mark Tivain, a Bob Burdette, or any other living
humorist, contained within the volume. The work
needs only to be seen to be appreciated, and we
are confident that it is destined to have a wide cir-
culation and make the author famous.
— -Very Rev. Father General Sorin, at the time
of his recent visit to Rome, presented a formal pe-
tition to the Holy Father for the Papal benediction
upon particular persons and works. Last week
Father General received a' notification from Rome
that the petition had been granted, and the blessing
of His Holiness bestowed, as requested, on ( i ) the
whole Congregation of Holy Cross; (2) all its
establishments and pupils'; (3) the Ave Maria, the
Scholastic, and other publications at Notre Dame,
their suliscribersj (4) the Catholic .press- of
the United States; (5) benefactors and several
friends; (6) all the parishes in charge of the Fa- .
thers of Holy Cross and their parishioners; (7)
Notre Dame, St. Mail’s, and the venerable Foun-
— Last Wednesda}"^ evening the students were
entertained with an interesting and instructive lec-
ture b}'^ Rev. James M. Cleaiw, of Kenosha, Wis.,
the distinguished President of the Catholic Total
Abstinence Union of America. The lecture was
delivered in Music Hall, where a large and appre-
ciative audience was gathered. The members of
the two Total Abstinence societies of South Bend
attended in regalia, and by their fine appearance
added greatly to the impressiveness of the occasion.
Among the audience we noticed the Rev. Pastors
of the Catholic churches, and the Rev. J. Lloyd,
of the Episcopal church, South Bend.
Father Cleaiy spoke on “ Total Abstinence,”
and for upwards of an hour and a half enchained
the attention of his auditors b^^ the eloquent and
argumentative presentation of his subject, enlivened
at times by humorous anecdotes, which served as
apt illustrations and applications of the arguments
brought forward. The speaker viewed his subject
from moral, physical and economic standpoints
and showed how a man’s highest interests, spiritu-
ally, mentally and corporallj^, were best served by
the practice of total abstinence. He concluded
with an eloquent exhortation to the' students to
range themselves on the side of total abstinence
befoi'e leaving the College walls, and thus secure
for themselves an honorable career in after-life
and the successful fulfilment of their duties as men,
as citizens and as Christians.
The words of the reverend lecturer produced a
deep impression on the minds of his youthful
auditors, and gave a new and marked impetus to
the grand cause of Total Abstinence.
— Rev. J. C. Carrier, C. S. C., writing to an
old friend on the subject of an article which lately
appeared in the Scholastic, says:
“ It AA-as not Avithout deep emotion that, AA’hile perusing
it, I AUAddly imagined m3'self led by 3’our friend^’’ hand
through the dear fields, AA'oods, and marshes of old Notre
Dame, and, most particularlj^ along the noAA% no doubt,
quasi-obliterated A\'alks of m3' former so-called ‘Botanical
Garden’ b3' St. Joseph’s Lake. I do heartily commend
the thoughtful suggestions 3'ou make in said article; and I
hope that the authorities of the University Avill consider
and carr3' them out.”
In relation to the pi'esent field of his scientific
labors, he continues:
“But Avhat I Avas riot permitted to accomplish at Notre
Dame, there seems to be a possibility of accomplishing
here, although the favorable site for a botanical garden is
sadl3’ Avanting. Such as the location is, I have succeeded
alread3'^ be3'ond 103’- expectations; and I have eii^en noAv a
far greater number of plants in my Canadian garden than
I had in the Indianian one.
‘‘ The spring season is rather backvvard at St. Laurent.
I ma3' sa3’- that, this 3'ear, it fair^" began, but one .week 01-
ten da3's ago [this letter bears date Ma3' 12th]. You may
judge of it b3"^ the fact that the hefatica, claytonia, san-
guinaria, erythronium, trillium, syniflocarpus, asaruni and
about half a dozen other plants (among them the beautiful
little Dicentra Canadensis) are onl3' norv in full bloom.”
^an we say as fnqch? It is doubtful, — about
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
the trillium especially. In spite of the higher
latitude ^of the Pi'ovince of Quebec, St. Laurent
may congratulate herself that her spring has been
only rather backward. With us it has been de-
cidedly more than rather. We are glad that our
former Professor of the Natural Sciences has not
allowed his botanical zeal to be chilled by his long
sojourn in a Northern abode.
— We present herewith the address to His Holi-
ness Leo XHI from the students of Notre Dame,
which was recently forwarded to Rome. The
graceful and classic Latin verses are the composi-
tion of Rev. S. Fitte, Professor of Philosophy.
The address was elegantly printed on superfine
parchment beautifully decorated, and enclosed in a
magnificent burse, tastefull}’’ designed and artistic-
ally ornamented. It reads as follows:
Nos juvat Nostra: Dominre Studentes
Te pio cultu celebrare, Summe
Pontifex, scriptum dare nos oportet
Primus agnorum est oviumque Pastor
Petrus, etmundi veteris novique
Priesul, ut semper doceat fidelis
Infer! frustra minitantur, atque
Impire in cymbam fragilem procella:
Mugiunt, nunquam poterunt Leonis
Nunc dolos regum patiens retundit
Papa, nunc firmus loquitur virili
Voce, quum Sanctee Fide! superbos
Quid quod humanre rationis usum
Vindicat, leges hominum Deique
Jura defendit, solida: probando
Quid quod :etatem superat Leonis
Alta mens, constans animus, benigna
Caritas? Quid quod facies serena
Eminet vultu genius, nitescit
Fronte majestas, oriens sicut sol
Ridet, os lumen roseum superne
Spargit et ignem ?
Et quidem Pastor vigilans gregisque
Anxius, curas ovium salutem,
Nec tamen Christ! teneros ineptus
Te, Pater, quanquam venerantur omnes.
Hie tutim vocem dociles sequuntur
Filii, et Iseti capiunt perennis
Hie viam recti juvenes docemur,
Nec boni pravis coeunt alumnis,
Quos Saerse Crucis socios Beata
Hie Athenarum veterisque Romie
Literje florent, Domini coluntur
Verba,- et intersunt juvenum labores
Sacra profanis ;
At Fidem sectans Ratio magistram.
Corporis partes animique vires
Explicat, quorum in studiis ubique
O Gubernator Fidei, o perite
Pontifex Roma:, o venerande Pastor,
Filios Crucis doceas paterno
Ore precam ur!
Serus in ccelum redeat patronus,
Et diu natos foveat, priusquam
Lcetus leternam mereat coronam
Papa, Leo, Rex!
Finishing^ the Church.
We have all been pleased to see, for the past two
weeks, the large number of men at work on the
foundations of what will form the long- wished-
for completion of our beautiful church. Many, no
doubt, will be surprised to hear of a new expendi-
ture of $40,000 or $50,000, in these hard times, to
finish a church. But Father General Sorin says
he is gettmg old and can delay no longer the crown-
ing of the work he has had most at heart for more
than 30 years.
As the church now stands (iSox6o, and 120 in
the transepts) it presents interiorly probably one
of the best efforts of the art of painting to be seen
in the West, Professor Gregori having spent years
in its decorations. It is indeed no wonder that
visitors are so loud in the praises of its rare and
rich beauties. But Father General says rightly
that the edifice must be without beauty, until the
plan is completed. J ust as the Main Building of
the University, two years ago, before the erection
of the Dome with its Queenly statue and electric
crown, presented an appearance very different
from its present imposing dimensions, so with the
church: he says, it has no beauty, no effect, no
proportion in anything. He can bear no longer
with that big black cross on the wall in clear con-
trast with the splendid altar. That wall must go
down, and the real Sanctuary be extended 42
feet, as originally designed and now required by
the increase of our clergy and young choristers.
Then, besides, the six new chapels and altars are ab-
solutely needed for daily Masses; Father General
needs and must have a special grand chapel, 50 x 33,
and a gallery with an organ for his princes., and
for them alone — 200 of them. At the end of that
new chapel (of the Sacred Heart), 295 feet from
the main entrance door will be seen the beautiful
statue, now at the Gospel side, raised 40 feet
from the floor, bathed in light from above. This
new chapel is to be painted by Gregori, who has
promised to adorn it in a style superior to anything,
in the church.
Now, imagine the spectacle presented from.the
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC,
centre or the body of the present building over
the main altar, no feet further; that lovely statue
of the Sacred Heart reflecting the sweet light poin-
ing upon it from the sky. Next in beaut}'^ to
this grand effect on the entire centre of the church,
from the statue of the Sacred Heart, at such a dis-
tance and height and in such a light, will be seen,
at the end of the aisle on the Gospel side, 326 feet
from the front door, the splendid altar of Our
Lady of Good Counsel, and on the other side that
of Our Lady of Lourdes — the chief seats of our two
principal religious associations. Again try to fancy
(what will belikel}' realized before Chi'istmas) and
hear from that royal gallery a chorus of 40 or 50
angelic jmung voices, well trained and in perfect
harmonj’^, singing for the rest of the Congregation
and b}”^ themselves, as the^'^ will every Sunda}', at
a distance behind the sanctuary an Adestc fidcles or
a Veniteado7‘C7nus ! Ah, there will bean effect
in the church both for eyes and ears! Iheji our
voung princes whose beautiful address, last month,
so much delighted His Holiness, and evoked
such a warm blessing from his paternal heart,
will, indeed, add a new charm to our cere-
monies. Then our church will he worth visiting.
With what new intei*est will not all be drawn to
its sacred precincts! Hence the attention with
which' we watch every da}’^ the progi'ess of the
important and dear undertaking; what a ]Di*ecious
desidei-aUtm for every living soul here! May
Heaven prosper and speed the work to its glorious '
In the spring of 1862, towards the end of May,
while the lilacs were in bloom, a severe frost oc-
curred, cutting off the young .sprouts of the white
oak trees and the grape-vines, which were a foot
long. The black oaks and the wheat were unin-
New Year’s Day, 1864, was intensely cold;
after rather a mild spell preceding. Case of freez-
ing to death in Alabama.
In January 1871 occurred a remarkable incrus-
tation of trees by a freezing rain. Some trees
were so loaded as to be broken down. Others lost
their branches. The result could be seen in the
woods for years afterwards. The effect of the
sunlight on the scene after the frost was wonder-
The winter of 1873— ’73 was chai'acterized by
abundant snowj falling early in the season and re-
maining very late in the spring.
That of 1873— ’74 was remaikably mild. The
lakes were perfectly free of ice as early as March
August, 1874, was so hot and dry that the corn
was burned up, and cut before it was ripe.
Christmas, 1874, the students played baseball.
Feb. 3, 1875, was a terrifically windy, cold day,
followed by six weeks wintry weather, or more;
and yet there was barely a gleam of sunlight on
In the Fall of 1875, about the end of November,
a cold snap froze the river from the dam at South
Bend up to Mishawaka. But the winter was
mild, the frogs having been heard to crojik on
New Yeai'’s Day, 1876. The leaf buds of the
honeysuckle had opened b}^ Feb. 39th, and aspens
were in leaf. A cold snap set in with the begin-
ning of March, and lasted through that month.
The winter of t 8 So— ’81 was extremely long, be-
ginning with a fall of snow in November, and not
ending till Easter, April 17th. A break-up in
February flooded the river and tore down bridges
Christmas week of 1S81 was mild; and the
^winter of 18S1— ’82 open and pleasant, followed by
a late spring, 1882, 1883, 1884 — three cold sum-
mers in succession.
Februaiy 18S3 was remarkable for the foi'ma-
tion of a crust of ice on the snow, sufficiently
strong to bear up skaters. The same formation,
less firm, however, occurred in 1884.
The past winter of 18S4— ’85 will be memorable
for several peculiarites. For the sudden thaw of
vast deposits of snow in Christmas week, and the
floods following. For the length and intensity of
the cold snap, beginning Jan. 14th, 1885, and end-
ing Feb. 3 1st; and for the strange combination of
snow and dust, making sleighing and wheeling
equally impracticable, in the month of March,
A general retrospect convinces us that it is ut-
teidy impossible to know what will turn up in the
sphere of meteorology.
A Disgusted Weather Prophet.
— ^“The numerous anniversaries to be celebrated this
week— including those of the Cardinal and of Archbishop
Corrigan — remind us that The 7?ct>/ezt/ has entered
on its fourteenth year. Ours have been years of toil, not
vrithout their satisfactions and successes as well as their
disappointments and trials. None have been more pros-
perous than our past two 3 'ears, and certainly at no period
has The Catholic Review felt stronger in the affections of
its friends and the support of its public. That it has a
work to do, none doubt. Heaven helping, it shall be
done .” — Catholic Revitnv, May g.
The Catholic Review has a noble mission and
nobly is it fulfilling that mission. The able manner
in which the Review handled the question of free-
dom of worship against the consolidated bigotry of
the State of New York for the last four or five
months challenges the admiration, not only of the
Catholics of New York and of the United States,
but of every lover of freedom and justice. The
Catholic Review is a strong paper, it is a clean
paper, it is an admirable paper. True to its Cath-
olic principles of right and justice, under aii}’^ and all
circumstances, it is a paper that deserves the hearty
support of every true Catholic.
— We have seen nothing of The Princetonian
since it became a tri- weekly; are we to infer that
we shall no longer consider if an exchange? If
the editors of The Princetonian think they cannot
afford to send a tri-weekly in exchange for our
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
weekly they would be right in stopping the ex-
— We are glad to see The Rambler^ from
Illinois College, taking our hint and correcting its
mistake about journalistic work excusing from the
regular literary requirements at Harvard. So
many wild assertions in regard to colleges and col-
lege work have been set afloat that it is about
time to put a check upon them. At present one
knows not what to believe. The college papers,
like the daily press, start a rumor to-day onl}' to
contradict it to-morrow. This is disreputable, and
we are glad that the Rambler is opposed to it and
to every other species of humbug. The Rambler
is a good college paper.
— Owing to the stand it takes in boating matters
against the Yale News^ and the large space given
to the Tariff question, the Pennsylvania Magazine
is more lively and attractive than usual, to out-
siders at least. Prof. Sumner, the great Free
Trade, champion, lectured at the University of
Pennsylvania lately, and met with an enthusiastic
reception. If the University Magazi ne gives a
faithful abstract of the lecture. Prof. Sumner fails
to meet the arguments advanced b}”^ Prof. Thomp-
son at Harvard. We expected much better from
such a man as Prof. Sumner. He seems not to meet
the questions fairly and squarely, as did Prof.
Thompson. Prof. Sumner indulges in generali-
ties, and never seems happy except when away
from home, away from his subject, which deals
with America and Americans. In justice to Prof.
Sumner we may well express a fear that he has
not been correctly reported; though, on the other
hand, thei'e can be little reason to suppose that
those who gave the Yale Professor such an enthu-
siastic reception at Philadelphia would wilfully mis-
— -The editoi's of The Academy Review are to
be complimented upon the manner in which they
conduct their paper. Good judgment and good
taste characterize the various departments; even
the so-called “Spice Box” and selected items — in
which so many college editors betray execrable
taste — are here in keeping with the other parts of the
paper. The “ weighty ” item, however, about the
Vassal' graduate’s bread, might have been wisely ex-
cluded. Vassal' has been bantered beyond endur-
ance upon her bread, and the household economy
of her graduates so univcrsajly berated by college
editors that one is reminded of the famous remark
of Lowell’s Rev. Wilbur, “When I see a certifi-
cate of character with everybody’s name to it, I
regard it as a letter of ihtroduction from the
Devil,” z’.e., the Father of Lies. The Musical and
Art Notes of the Reviexv speak well for the cul-
ture and refinement of the editors, but in its poetry
we think Gothe’s “Violet” not worth translating.
It is a sickly-sentimental thing, and we heartilj'
despise the sickly sentimentality of which Gothe
possessed so much ; it is a sui'e sign that its possessor
lacks sap and is prematurely running to seed.
— Vfc congratulate the editors of the Notre Dame Scho-
lastic on being able to edit a Aveekly ; but -vve think they
should bring out pure college Avork. In the issue before
us, April 29, Ave find “The Country West of the Missis-
sippi ” by Prof. William Hoynes, and a paper on “ Photog-
raphy ” from the Scientific Society. What are the Uni-
A'ersit}"^ classes doing? We like the Exchange notes of the
Scholastic very much ; in fact, they are the most interest-
ing part of the paper to \\%.—Bosto 7 i College Stylus.
Et til Brute! We have just been answering
the Cornell Daily Sun and the Kentucky Skir-
misher on this point, and now comes our friend the
Stylus. The fact that the Scholastic is a weekly,
and not a monthl}'^ like the Stylus and the Skir-
misher — circumstances have thrown these names
together although there is as little similarity in the
papers as in their merit — should, we think, be a suffi-
cient answer for the wider and less exclusive scope
taken in editing the Scholastic. And yet, al-
though the literary contributions of the members of
the Notre Dame Scientific Society are pure college
work, and, strictly speaking, class work, the 6*^-
lus^s question is justified by the paucity of contribu-
tions from the other Universit}' Classes, and will, we
hope, be taken into consideration by them. While
commenting upon the Stylus’s criticism we cannot
let this opportunity pass without a word upon the
excellence of its articles in general, and those of
the present number in particular. In poetry, es-
pecially, the Stylus takes the first place among
college papers, both for fecundity and excellence.
If it be true that “ poets are born, not made,” then
Boston and its vicinity must be a favorite resort of
the Muses, and Boston College their chosen trj’^st-
ing place. In prose, we find “The Stage of the
Futm'e,” “Circles,” “A Retrospect,” and other
well-written articles. If the critic of the Rochester
Concordicnsis., or others in his mood, point to these
remarks and say, “There! I told you so!” we refer
them to the Stylus for May as our all-sufficient
Books and Periodicals.
College Songs. A Collection of New and
Popular Songs of the American Colleges. Compiled by
Henry Randall Waite. Boston: OliA-er Ditson & Co.
Price, 50 cents.
This is a new and popular collection of the jolly,
rattling lyrics that constitute the peculiar music of
the colleges; and, being of lower price than the
others, it will doubtless have a large sale. There
are 73 of the songs. Altogether, there is a large
half dollar’s worth. The melodies can be sung by
any A'oice, and the choruses well enough either by
male voices or mixed voices. Accompaniments
for Piano or Organ.
— The Catholic World for June opens with a
paper entitled “The Scienceville Society for Psy-
chical Research,” which is a clever bit of satire
on the vagaries of many so-called scientists of
the day. Mr. Maurice F. Egan contributes an
interesting sketch of the life and work of Lady
Georgiana Fullerton. A timely and important
article is the one on “Freedom of Worship in
Practice ” by R. H. Clarke, LL. D., who shows
that religious liberty seems to flow from the very
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
nature and constitution of the Catholic Church,
and has ever characterized her teaching and min-
istr}^ Among the other articles are, “ The Anglo-
Russian Question and the Testament of Peter the
Great”; “The Curse. of Print — a La}' Sermon”;
“Irish Bards and Scotch Reviewers.” The num-
ber also includes interesting tales of fiction and ex-
— The North American Reviexv concludes its
seventieth 3'ear with its June number. It never
bad so large a circulation, nor greater influence,
sior’ a more brilliant staff of contributors. This
number discusses seven topics of vital public inter-
est by no less than fourteen eminent writers, not
includinsT the short contributions in “ Comments.”
„ Shall Silver be Demonetized ? ” is answered, ^ro
and coK, by three distinguished economists, — Sum-
ner, Laughlin and Walker, representing Yale and
Harvard Colleges, and the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology. “The Tardiness of Justice” is
discussed by Judge W. L. Learned, and “ Pro-
hibition in Politics” by Gail Hamilton; “The
Swearing Habit” b}' E. P. WhijDple, and “French
Spoliation Claims” by Edward Everett. The
Rt. Rev. John J. Keane, Bishop of Richmond,
contributes a learned and concise paper in defence
of “ The Catholic School Policy,” in which he
shows that the one grand aim of the Church is to
make good Christians and good citizens — that the
Catholic s}'stem “is better calculated than any
other to realize both these ends,” and that “ it is
prompted by love of country as well as love of
our families, our Church and our God.” Says the
“The Catholic educational theory is based on two con-
victions. The first is, that the aim of education should be
to equip j'outh with the knowledge and the principles that
will fit them for life’s duties and for the realization of their
destiny as human beings. The second is, that our destinj'
as human beings, and our consequent duties, are those
taught by the Christian religion. Our conclusion from
these premises is, that the education of the young should
be essentially Christian, moulding them to live thoroughl}'
Christian lives. This does not at all exclude the knowl-
edge that will fit them for secular pursuits. The duties for
this world and the duties for the next should be united in
life, as the body and soul are united in a human being;
and therefore they should be united in the training that
prepares for practical life. We are old-fashioned enough to
believe that the Christian religion is God’s revelation, and
therefore the best possible basis for the life of God’s creat-
ures. We have no confidence in any pretended new civil-
ization that would ofter a different basis for human life ; all
such experiments must end in disaster for communities as
well as for individuals. We, therefore, look upon the
Christian element in life and in training as absolutely in-
— John R. English, of ’75, is visiting his Alma
Mater whither he has come to recuperate after a
severe illness from which he has just recovered.
— Signor Gregori spent the greater part of the
week in Chicago, where he was engaged by the
Union League Club in painting portraits of the
two ex-P residents of the society — ^Messrs. El-
bridge Keith and. Louis Coburn.
^ — Chas. C. Echlin, of ’Sz, writes from his home
in San Francisco, wishing to be remembered to
his many friends at Notre Dame. Charle}' is en-
joying good health, and occupies a trustworthy
position as assistant book-keeper in the firm of J.
J. Macke & Co., wholesale druggists.
— ^^Ve are pained to receive the sad intelligence
of the death of William Cash, of ’73, who departed
this life in the iSth year of his age at his home in
Chicago, on the 19th of last month. The deceased
was for a number of }'ears one of the bright Min-
ims of Notre Dame, and was beloved by all his
teachers and fellow-students. May he rest in peace !
— Rev. D. E. Hudson, C. S. C., the accomplished
Editor of the Ave Maria., has, we are glad to say,
almost entirely recovered from his late severe ill-
ness. He is now passing a few days in rest and
recuperation with friends in Detroit. The readers
of Our Lady’s Journal, as well as the many personal
friends of Father Hudson, wdll rejoice to hear of
his restoration to health, and will pray that it may
be made permanent.
— “Mr. Charles Warren Stoddard, formerl}' of
the San F rancisco press, and a writer and traveller
of wide reputation, has accepted the chair of Eng-
lish Literature in the Univ'ersity of Notre Dame,
Indiana. In the Faculty of this University is a
former surgeon in one of the regiments of the first
Napoleon, and a survivor of Waterloo — the Rev.
Dr. Neyron, who, at the age of ninety, still teaches
anatomy .” — Dial (Chicago).
— Among the visitors during the past week were :
Mrs. and Miss Coghlin, Toledo, O.; Mrs. and
Miss Thos. Walsh, Morris, 111 .; Mrs. F. Flecken-
stein, and John Schulze, St. Paul, Minn.; John
Boos, Huntington, Ind.; Dr. Redlich, wife and
daughter, Chicago, 111 .; Mrs. Ellen Penty and
daughter, Geneva, Neb.; Mr. and Mrs. A. D.
Andrew, and child, Laporte, Ind.; Miss Kelly,
Logansport, Ind.: Miss K. Donnelly, Michigan
City, Ind.; P. A. Eckenroth, and A. J. Eckenroth,
Lebanon, Pa.; Mis. James O’Kane, Cincinnati,
— Picnic, ho!
— The Banana Boys stayed at home.
— Old Science Hall has seen its last days.
— The Rev. Mr.Thy me is sojourning amongst us.
— The festive, comfortable duster has appeared.
— The latest at- the store: “Will you have an
— Thei'e will be a grand scientific entertainment
this (Saturday) evening.
— Next week the .Surveying and Botany Classes
intend to make a trip to Lake Maxinkukee.
— The Grads, are thankful to the , ‘‘ Banner
Boys ” for a kind invntation to their picnic.
— ^Improvements and decorations around the
College are assuming immense proportions.
, — ^Where are our local poets? They have not
appeared in these columns for a “ coon’s age.”
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
— J ep did the talking for the Banana Boys as they
meandered, amid the vesper hours, around the lake.
— The St. Cecilians are studying their parts. They
will present the play on or about the loth of June.
— ^It is suggested that the Militaiy company give
a grand prize drill on the Campus, sometime in the
— Signor Don Regan, of Indianola, Texas, had
the honor of canning the large flag in the Banner
— Thursday morning the Cornet Band seren-
aded Rev. Father Cleary, President of the T. A.
Union of America.
— We have received several items for publica-
tion, but as no name was signed, they were con-
signed to the waste basket.
— “A Troubled Heart; and How It was Com-
forted at Last” is being read in the Junior refec-
tory. Everyone is delighted with it,
— The “ student with a dainty taste ” wants to
know when strawberries are comincr. Sometime
when the spring-chickens fly in, dear boy!
— One of the guests who attended the Banner
Boys’ Picnic reports to us that the music produced
by the Band on that occasion was excellent.
— The sporting season has at last opened here.
The Crews are selected, the nines arranged, and
practice is making perfect the members of each.
— The Botany and Zoology Classes, having com-
pleted their session’s work, have now been merged
into the class of Practical Biology under Father
— The best singers, the best athletes, the best
public readers, the best soldiers, the best linguists,
the best artists, the best eaters and the best schem-
ers belong to the Club Orchestra.
— The Philopatrians will appear in a grand
entertainment ne^t Wednesday evening. Prof.
Ackerman is busily engaged in making the neces-
sary stage decorations. The costumes and scenery,
it is said, will be gorgeous.
— Ml*. John English, of Columbus, Ohio, a few
days ago presented to President Walsh an ele-
gantly-framed artist proof etching, entitled “ Even-
ing.” The picture is the largest and one of the
best etchings we have yet seen.
— Another Old Land-mark Gone. — The
demolition of Old Science Hall — once the organ
and choir extension of the old church — has begun,
and before man}^ days nothing will remain of this
grand relic of the past but a heap of rubbish.
— The Surveying Class may be seen every after,
noon in the pursuit of practical studies. Be-
sides surveying and platting St. Joseph’s Lake,
they have surveyed several of the fields adjoining
the college, and now are about to begin on a map
of Notre Dame.
— Last Sunday the Euglossians made their an-
nual trip to the Farm. A most enjoyable day was
had — fishing, ball-playing and sight-seeing^ af-
fording ample pleasure to all. A vote of thanks
is returned to Rev. M. J. Regan, Bros. Learider
and Augustine, Prof. Lyons and Mr. E. A. Otis
for favors conferred.
— The arrangement of the Crews for the June
Regatta is as follows : Minnehaha — ^T. McKin-
nery, ’85, Captain; H. A. Steis, bow; S. J. Dick-
ei'son, 2d; L. Kavanagh, 3d; J. Riley, 4th; A.
A. Gordon, 5th; J. McKinnery, Stroke; Frank
H. Dexter, Coxswain. Evangeline— P. Gpuld-
ing, ’86, Captain; D. C. Saviers, bow; M. Burns,
2d; J. McMillan, 3d; W. Campl^ll, 4th; T. L.
Mathers, 5th; P. J. Goulding, Stroke; A. Mc-
— The Library Association acknowledge with
many thanks the receipt, from Mrs. Dr. A. Lippe, .
of Philadelphia, of photographic reproductions
(Goupil, Paris) of two important paintings re-
cently presented to the Cathedral of Philadelphia
by her nephew, Henry Thornton, himself an artist.
The paintings are from the brush of Mr. Moss, a
Philadelphian, who studied with Mr. Thornton un-
der Bonnat. The pictures represent “ Our- Lord
Teaching in the Temple,” and “The Raising of
the Daughter of Jairus.”
— On the afternoon of the 17th inst. a game of
ball was played between the Senior second nine
and the “ Atlantics ” of the Apprentices. The
latter played well until the fourth inning, when,
in consequence of an eiTor made by their catcher
and several wild throws, the Seniors succeeded in
scoring five runs. The Seniors were, with few
exceptions, good batters, and but for the excellent
pitching of McHenr}’^, of the “Atlantics,” would
undoubtedly have won the game. P. O’Brien
caught several fine flies; L. Wilson also distin-
guished himself. Score : “Atlantics,” 10 ; Seniors, 9.
— On Wednesday last, the captains of the first
nines’ Senior Baseball clubs held a consultation for
the purpose of selecting their regular players, the
result of which is as follows : Star of the East
— W. Coghlin, Captain; McCabe, c.; H. Porter,
p.; Goodfellow, s. s.; F. Combe, ist b.; F.Devoto,
2d b.; W. Tully, 3d b.; S. J. Dickerson, l.f.; W.
Mm'phy, c.f.; W. Coghlin, r. f. Reserves : A.
Browne, J. Nester, and W. Collins. University
Blues — A. McNulty, Captain; V. Burke, c.; J.
Guthrie, p,; W. Loomis, s. s.; H. Steis, ist b.; A.
McNulty, zd b.; C. Combe, 3d b.; T. McGill, l.f.;
M. A. Dolan, c.f.; E. Hotaling, r.f. Reserves:
Kolars, Harless, and Chapin.
— The contest for the baseball championship
of ’85 was opened on last Thursday, the 21st inst.,
by a close and interesting struggle, which resulted
in a victory for the U niversity “ Blues.” In the start,
the “Universities” led off considerably, managing,
by some heavy batting, to run up a few tallies.
They were aided also by several errors on the part
of the “ Stars.” The steam-engine battery of
the former team made it very interesting for their
opponents, until, in the first half of the sixth in-
ning, Captain Coghlin turned the tide by hitting
a “ sky-flyer ” into left field, making third, and
bringing in the first man. The “Stars” then
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
gradually gained, Devoto and Combe scoring in the
next inning on a wild throw of Loomis. From
this on it was a tug-of-war for the mastery, the
“ Stars’ ” battery becoming warmed up to their
work in good stjde. This, however, was counter-
balanced in the next inning by the superior out-
fieldinsr of the “ Universities,” The first basemen
of both teams played an elegant game, and cut off
man}’^ a wild runner. The tallies ran up I'apidl}’^
toward the last, and at the end of the ninth inning
the score stood 15 to 10 for the “Universities,”
who thus have added
one feather to
The following is the compleb
Star of the East. r.
e score :
I. B. T. B.
Coghlin, r. f
Dickerson, 1. f.
. . I
. . I
Tully, 3d b
F. Combe, ist b
Devoto, 2d b
GoodfelloAA', s. s
. . 10
McNulty, 2d b
. . I
. . I
Steis, ist b
• • J
. . I
• • 0
Combe, 3d b
Loomis, s. s
Hotaling, r. f.
. . 2
Innings : — i 2
Star of the East : — 0 0
University : — ^4 3
Earned Runs, “Stars,” 2; “Universities,” 5. Time of
game, one hour and forty minutes. Umpire, H. Dean.
— The Banner Boys’ Picnic. — On the first
day of the year. Rev. President Walsh promised
a grand day’s enjoyment to those bo}’^s of the Jun-
ior department .whose names should appear on the
“ Roll of Honor ” regularly every week up .to the
ist of May. Fiftj’^-five fulfilled the required condi-
tions, and on Thursday , last, they held their picnic.
At nine, o’clock a. m. they fonned on the campus,
and, led by the Cornet Band, they marched in
double file, with flags and banners waving, through
the parterre in fi'ont of the College, out along the
banks of St. Joseph’s Lake and on to the classic
groves of Johnson’s woods, the scene of the festiv-
ities. The time was spent in various amusements
until the hour of noon arrived — when the ch^s dc
cuishie who had been mysteriously engaged all
morning — announced the readiness of the mid-day
repast. At the same time. Rev. President Walsh
and . Rev. F ather Cleary, of . Kenosha, Wis., ap-
peared upon the scene and were heartih'- greeted
by the boys. Among the other invited guests,
whose presence added greatly to the enjoyment of
the occasion, were the Rev. Prefect of Discipline,
Bro. Leander, Profs. .Stoddard and Edwards,
Messrs. Claflfey and Otis, and last, but not least,
ye members of the Class of ’85. (It ik said that
the latter even took part in the afternoon games!)
The spread was excellent, and justice was done it
amid the flow of humor, wit and repartee.
In the course of the afternoon, games of all
kinds were indulged in, and made interesting by
the prizes offered. But our limited space will not
permit us to go into detail. Let it suffice to say
that the picnic was a grand success, and when the
shades of night were falling, and the picnickers re-
turned to the College, marching to the music of the
Band, there were no happier boys in all Notre
Dame than the Banner boys of ’85.
Roll of Honor.
[The following list includes the names of those students
whose conduct during the past week has given entire satis-
faction to the Faculty.]
Messrs. Arce, Austin, Ancheta, A. A. Browne, Baca,
Becerra, Burns, Breen, F. Burke, V. Burke, Callaghan,
Conlon, Walter Collins, Chapin, Conway, Crawford, Creel,
F. Combe, Cusack, Campbell, De Groot, Dwan, Dexter,
Dickerson, Estrado, Goulding, A. A. Gordon, Guthrie,
Garcia, Goodfellow, A. Gordon, Hamlyn, Halligan, How-
ard, Johnston, Kolars, Kleiber, Kavanagh, Loomis, Mc-
Millian, McKinnery, McGuire, McCartney, McMurray,
Mathers, Miller, Morrison, Jno. Murphy, O’Connell, H.
Paschel, C. Paschel, Perlej', Padilla, P. Prudhomme, H.
Porter, C. Portei*, Phillips, Price, Rothert, Reach, Ruppe,
Roth, G. H. Smith, Sheridan, Steis, Snapp, Triplett, Tully,
Jno. Troy, W. Williams, Wasoner, White, Woodbridge,
Masters Ackerman, Arts, Amoretti, Borgschulze, Ben-
ner, Berthelet, Bastable, Congdon, Colina, pavaroc. Cooper,
Chute, Dempsey, Dorenberg, Donnellan, Dillon, Daly,
Darragh, Emmons. Ewing, Finckh,Fehr, Flood, L. Grever,
E. Grever, Hoj-e, Hibbeler, Holman, Houlihan, Hagen-
barth, Johnson, Kegel, Kenny, Luther, H. Long, F. Long,
Loya, Lewis, Levin, Martinez, Mulkern, McCourt, B. Mor-
rison, Monschein, Menig, Myers, Macke, Meehan, Nester,
Oxnard, O’Brien, O’Conner, Portillo, Prudhomme, Regan,
Real, Rebori, Ruffing, Remish, Reynolds, Rogers, Redlich,
Senn, Soden, F. Smith, Shaw, Stange, Servis, Stubbs, Tal-
bot, Thurston, Thompson, Vanselow, Wabraushek, Wag-
Masters Adams, Ackerman, Boos, Bunker, Berry, Bull,
Barger, Blakeslee, Baker, Crotty, Campau, Cobbs, Chute,
Dunford, E. Doss, L. Doss, Ernest, T. Falvey, E. Falviey,
Garrity, Graham, Haney, Hopkins, Bloomingston, Me
Phee, McA^'eigh, Murphy, McGill, C. Mitchell, Moncada,
Millard, Mason, Meinzer, McNulty, McGuire, Mooney,
Nussbaum, Nester, J. Peck, Piero, Paul, Perkins, Quill,
Ramsey, Sweet, Stone, Tracy, Weston, Williamson, Mc-
[ In the following list may be found the names of those
students Avho have given entire satisfaction in all their
classes during the month past.]
Messrs. Meister, -McCabe, Rahilly, Breen, Coghlin, W.
Murphy, Dwan, Marion, Chapin, Austin, J. V. O’Donnell,
McMurray, C. Paschel, H. Paschel, Livingston, Harless,
Noonan, Hotaling, Hamlyn, Darragh, Johnson, Mullane,
Daly, Rogers, Spencer, Meyers, Berthelet, O’Brien, Luther,
Menig, Ruffing, Houlihan, Holman, Hibbeler, Talbot,
HoAvard, Harris, Monschein, Borgschulze, Wabraushek.
For the Dome.
John 'Mahoney, .Chester, N. Y. $54X>
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
Saint Jflary's Academy.
One Mile IVesl of Notre Dame University.
— The Minims took the most delightful walk
of the season on Ascension Thursday.
— Of the Minims, Ella Blaine, Flora Johnson,
and Fannie Spenser received lOo in lessons.
— Of the Third Senior Class, the Misses Ellen
Kearns and Ella Brad}'- received loo in lessons.
— Miss Kate Donnelly, of Michigan City, Ind.,
a former esteemed pupil of St. Mary’s, is spending
a few days at the Academy.
— The hymns sung by the Children of Mary at
the May Devotions are very beautiful, and are
greatly admired by those who attend the services.
— The singing of the Litany, of Loreto by the
Children of Mary, as the}'^ pass from the Academy
in pi'ocession in the moi'ning, sounds very delight-
ful to our ears; and the fervent invocations must
certainly reach the heart of the “ Queen of Vir-
gins,” as the}' arise from those pure young souls
— Those who drew for the Roman mosaic cross
were the Misses E. Sheekey, Keyes, Regan,
Richmond, Snowhook, Trask, Van Horn, Brown,
Erlenborn, Smith, Stadtler, Searls, Norris, Prud-
homme, Boyer, and E. Balch. Cora Prudhomme
was the winner, but waived her claim in favor of
— ^An important addition has been made to the phil-
osophical apparatus. Among other things, a large
Aurora Tube, Crookes Ruby Tube, a Telegraph,
a large Electrical Chime, several instruments for
proving Ampere’s Law, Archimede’s principle, and
many other utensils, equally important to the eluci-
dation of Natural P hilosophy. The apparatus was
purchased from the firm of Queen’s & Co., of
— At the regular Academic reunion Miss F uller
recited the beautiful poem of George H. Miles,
entitled “ San Sisto,” and Miss Munger read an
amusing selection. Very Rev. Father General
made some valuable remarks impressing the im-
portance of graceful, respectful deportment, and
that modest self-possession which marks the true
lady. Father Shortis paid some well-merited
compliments to the readers.
BY SARAH DUNNE.
Addison, who was possessed of an unquestion-
able knowledge of human nature, says: “ The tal-
ent of turning men into ridicule and exposing to
laughter those one converses with, is the qualifica-
tion of little minds, and ungenerous tempers. A
young man of this cast of mind cuts himself off
from all manner of impi'ovement.”
If this be true of the sterner sex, it is tenfold.
more so of our own; and yet, often, so strong is
the desire of thoughtless young girls to create a
sensation, and so weak is their. sense of common
justice and propriety, that they lay themselves open
to the condemnation of the great English writer.
Happy for them if thoughtlessness and not
malice be the cause of their folly, for some hope
is then left of their correction. The prevailing
spirit of society at the present day is a hunger and
thirst after amusement, and the author who can-
not divert the mind of the reader is laid on the
shelf: the speaker who does not interlard his ser-
mon, lecture, or dissertation with something of a
laughable nature is discarded at once as dry, and
no matter how important may be the information
conveyed, ten to one, it will not be accepted. The
fault may not lie with author or speaker; but the
repugnance of the i-eader or listener to make any
mental effort, is generally the cause of indifference.
We read in Holy Writ that “Jesus wept”; but
we do not remember any passage where the idea-is
conveyed that levity was at any time tolerable to
Him. He permitted His sacred person to be the
object of scorn and mockery, but lips Divine were
never desecrated by the utterance of a trivial word.
Pagans in the early ages, like faithless races of
the present time, seemed to exist only for the mo-
ment, and in their tyrannical selfishness often em-
ployed the most inhuman means to gratify their
wicked propensities. W e do not wonder at them
when we learn that they did not know God.
They knew no guide save their perverse and un-
The great persecution began under the black
shadow of an entertainment given to please the Ro-
man emperor. Twenty-one years had not passed
away after the Deicide on Mount Calvary, when
Nero ascended the imperial throne. Unhappy
world, to be ruled by a man who knew no law
but self-satisfaction! Is it. the least wonder that a
code whose first principle is that of self-abnegation
was perfectly abhorrent to him?
Having set fire to the city of Rome, he retreated
to a distant tower that he might enjoy to the full
the magnificent effect of so great a conflagration.
Alarmed afterwards at the condign punishment
which the positive knowledge of his wanton act
was sure to bring upon him, with that cowardice
always a counterpart of cruelty, he threw the
blame upon the Christians, and by his order great
numbers were put to death, and among them St.
Peter and St. Paul. The revolting modes of tor-
ture to which his victims were subjected we re-
frain from dwelling upon. For three hundred
years imperial Rome amtised herself like revolt-
ing spectacles. The wealthy patricians must be
diverted, so Christians were cast to the lions, and
the Roman spectator enjoyed himself.
Those ages have past away, and in proportion
as Christianity spreads its benign influence over
the world, the spirit of barbarity diminishes; but
in frofortion as it is ignorant., it increases^ and
who are the objects of this barbarity? ' The weak,
the poor, the defenceless, the aged, the infirm, the
uninteresting! Those .who have crossed our path.
THE NOTRE DAME SCHOLASTIC.
and whose popularit}’^ may be a disadvantage to
ns; and among them may even be those to whom
we owe a debt of gratitude beyond the power of
human gifts to repay — parents, teachers, loving
friends to whom our advantage is dearer than life
itself. It is shocking to contemplate, but we must
answer and praj' for them with our Lord : Father.,
J or give them, for they know not what they do!
Circumstances ma}' conspire in which a joke at their
expense ma}' prove to their unmeasured disadvan-
tage. And yet, wit, repartee, and innocent laugh-
ter are in themselves no crime. They can be
made the instruments of great good. A kind-
hearted young lady, an intelligent, thoughtful,
generous soul can make them the avenues of the
• greatest good to many, but not when they are the
main object in view.
It takes a rare — we came near sa3ung an heroic —
courage to enable one to rise above and resist
successfull}’^ the power of ridicule. Often, how-
ever, this courage is necessary' if one would not
forfeit her good reputation, not to say her soul.
The world is amused at the jokes of the come-
dian, laughs at him, cheers him, and urges him
onward, but not one would pretend to saj'^ that he
is woi'thy of emulation. A little light pleasantly
ma}’^ be indulged in from time to time, but an in-
veterate joker is the most dangerous of compan-
ions. No one feels safe in the presence of one
who on the slightest pretext may make you the
laughing-stock of all present.
A discreet and cultivated lad\’^ once said of a near
relative, who was possessed of many excellent
qualities, maiTed b}’- an ill-ordered love of the comic
and ridiculous : “ I do not encourage her visits.
One who will stoop to make herself the ‘ Meriy
Andrew,’ the ‘ buffoon ’ of a compaii}'^, is not one
whom I would wish my friends to meet in m}”^
parlor.” And she was right. There is an innate
dignity in the Christian soul, to be found alike in
the wealthy and the poor. Descend from this, and
there is an end to self-respect. She who assumes
the ro/e of the clown, is to be commiserated; she
is not to be imitated,
Let us have cheerfulness to the greatest extent.
Let it spread its bright, rosy banner over eveiy
walk of life. Smiles— the innocent smiles of a
clear conscience and a light heart — are the sunshine
of Gods love. Earth can never secure enough of
them. They make the dark paths of adversity
fair and beautiful ; they throw the glory of heaven
over the trials of earth ; but as the distance between
the stars and the earth, so is the distance between
the influence of the trifling, joking miith-lover,
and the calming, holy power exerted b}*^ the truly
cheerful and upright.
Roll of Honor.
FOR POLITENESS, NEATNESS, ORDER, AMIABILITY, COR-
RECT DEPORTMENT, AND OBSERVANCE OF RULES.
Far Excellent — ^Misses M.'Adderly, M. Bruhn, Barlow,
Blair, Bradj”^, E. Call, Carney, S. Dunne',' A. Donnelly, E.
Donnelly, Dillon,* M. Fuller, C. Ginz, B. Gove, Griffith,
Alice Gordon, Gavan, A. Heckard, B. Heckard, Hutchin-
son, Hale, Keenan, Ke.nrne3’, Kearns, Lange, T. MeSor-
ley, A. Murphi’, McHale, O’Halloran, O’Connell, Ramsej',
Rose, Sheekev, M. Scuiy, C. Scuiy, Schmidt, S. St. Clair,
L. St. Clair, M. Shea, C. Schilling, Sharrette, L. Walsh. E.
Walsh, White. 2d Tablet — Misses Cox, Dwan, A. MeSor-
ley, Richardson, Thornton.
Par Excellefice — ^Misses Brown, T. Balch, B. Erlenborn,
Hertzog, M. Murphy, Norris, Prudhomme, Preston, Rich-
mond, G. Regan, E. Sheekey, Snowhook, Searls, Stadtler,
L. Trask, L. Van Horn. 2d Tablet — Misses O. Boyer, E.
A. Keys, M. Balch, McEwen, M. Smith.
MINIM DEPARTMENT. '
Par Excelletice — Misses E. Blaine, E. Burtis, E. Chapin,
Hopkins, Johnson, Lindsey, Murray, Schmauss, Spencer,
S.Van Fleet, E. Hammond, D. Lee.
CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC.
Gradu.-xting Class — M iss B. Gove.
1ST Class — M isses V. Barlow, A. Shephard.
2D Div. — ^Misses M. Bruhn, M. Hale, N. Keenan.
2D Class — M iss C. Ginz.
3D Class — M isses M. Adderly, E. Carne\% E. Horn, C.
Morrison, M. O’Halloran, K. Schilling, L. Van Horn.
2D Div. — M isses M. Ducej% M. Dillon, M. Fuller, M.
B. Kearnej', M. Munger, Scullj'.
4TH Class — Misses C. Fehr, A. Malboeuf, A. Murphy,
H. Ramsey, B. Snowhook, G. AVolvin.
2D Div. — Misses H. Call, K. Ducey, D. Fitzpatrick, C.
Griffith, T. MeSorlej', A. MeSorlej', L. St. Clair, E. Wal-
5TH Class— M isses M. Barrj-, E. Brady, Angela
Donnelly, E. Donnelly, S. Dunne, A. English^ M. Fisk,
Alice Gordon, L. Hutchinson, B. Lauer, G. Regan, B.
Sharette, E. Taj'lor, Elizabeth Walsh.
2D Div. — ^M isses G. Faxon, Addie Gordon, M. Keyes,
C. Rose, M. Schmidt, C. Servis, G. Stadtler, E. Schultz,
6tii Class — M isses N. Brown, C. Cox, M. Ducey, B.
English, M. Kearsev”, M. Murphj', A. Richardson, M. Shea,
Ella Sheekej^ Margaret Smith, F. Spencer, S. St. Clair, H.
2D Div. — M isses I. Alcott, S. Bubb, B. Erlenborn, E.
Kearns, M. Morse, M. Newman, E. O’Connell, Ella Walsh.
7TH Class — M isses M. Allwein, M. Blair, F. Carmien,
S. Campeau, B. Heckard, M. Helpling, F. Hertzog, C. .
Lang, E. Norris, A. Schmauss, G. Searls, V. Stull, A.
White, M. Wright.
8th Class — M iss C. Prudhomme.
9TH Class — M isses E. Blaine, E. Chapin, M. Lindsey,
lOTH Class — M isses E. Burtis, J. Hammond, D. Lee.
2D Class, 2d Div. — M iss M. Dillon.
3D Class, 2d Div. — M iss D. Fitzpatrick.
4TH Class — ^M iss A. Shephard.
4TH Class — M iss A. English.
6tii Class — M iss A. Schuler.
Miss E. Carney.
1ST Class — M isses M. Bruhn, M. Hale.
2D Div. — M iss B. English.
2D Class — M iss S. St. Clair.
2D Div. — M isses A. English, B. Lauer H. Ramsey, K.
3D Class — M isses I. Alcott, M. Ducey, L. St. Clair, E.
Sheekey, E. Walsh, L. Walsh.
4TH Class — M isses Addie Gordon, Alice Gordon, E.
Rose, G. Stadtler, C. Griffith.
5TH Class — M isses C. Fehr, C. Lange, B. Heckard.