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The Notre D ame Scholastic 



©itfce (Quasi Atntper Ihcturug : 9ibe Quasi Crag iHorituntS 


The Bells of Ireland ( Frontispiece ) _ Charles Phillips 

The Week James Armstrong 


Ireland — The Mother of Medieval Universities 

Rev. John M. Ryan, C.S.C. 

Mist Before The Sun (A Poem) . Norbert Engels 

Propheticism (A Play).... Harry McGuire 

The Knave of Hearts (A Poem) ^Anthony Shea 

Henry Edward Manning Jamies A. Carroll, ’ 25 

Symphony (A Poem) .. Norbert Engels 

Book Leaves Josejih P. Burke, '25 

The Mail James E. Armstrong, Thomas W. Coman 

Sports ..... Tom Coman 










Advertisers in Notre Dame publications 
deserve the patronage of Notre Dame men. 

Entered as second-class matter at Notre Dame, Indiana. Acceptance tor mailing at special rata af postage. Section 

1108, October 3, 1917, authorized Jane 25, 1918. 



''‘XU ‘M; ‘Mi ‘XU tLL* *W» iv* ii a±n *S; *y ‘ iZ* vji »U< i U* iwj »u* iy» ly* tLi; ivi* 

The Bells of Ireland 

St. Patrick's Day, 1 925 

I hear the hells of Ireland 
Chiming across the tide. 

{Asthore, asthore, your grief is o'er, 
Now peace with you abide!) 

I hear the bells of Ireland 
Ringing across the sea, 

Till all the greening world awakes 
With joyful melody: 

Matin bell and vesper bell, 

Chapel bell and fane, 

Silver and bronze, and mellow brass, 

And gold from ancient Spain ; 

Wedding bell and christening, 

And deep the death-bell’s toll; 

And over all the bell for Mass, 

Voice of the Irish soul. 

0 bells of Holy Ireland, 

Because you still have rung 

Dauntless and proud and bravely loud. 
With power of angel’s tongue — 

Because, above the grieving night. 

High over Erin’s fears, 

From darkened skies you summoned still 
Stars for her countless tears — 

Because you would not silenced be 
Through all the ages’ wrong, 

Well now you ring, well now you sing, 
Faith’s dear and deathless song. 

1 hear the hells of Ireland 

Break through the crimson morn. 

( Dark Rosaleen, my eyes have seen 
The bud upon the thorn!) 













“Some- day, perhaps, I’ll say farewell to Winter, 

And shovel off the last gray patch of snow; 

I’ll lay away at last these darn red flannels 

If Spring' comes ’round again — but I don’t know.” 

This unfortunately is not original. But 
the vicissitudes of temperature on the eve 
of the week that marks the official entrance 
of Spring- inspired the quoting- of this touch- 
ing quatrain from the beloved pen of West 
African Lizzie. 

Sports are in the grip of a lull. The bas- 
ketball team closed the season with a pair 
of victories, Columbia and Loyola furnish- 
ing the short ends. The track team fared 
not so well at Wisconsin, dropping the dual 
meet to the Badgers decisively. The long 
year rather scratched parts of the mirror 
of Notre Dame life, but with baseball and 
Spring football practice in operation, the 
looking-glass is being re-silvered and a. new 
and tine reflection of Notre Dame “as is” 
will soon be forthcoming. 

In the meantime, other organizations have 
taken up the w. k. torch. After months of 
preparation, the Student Varieties of 1925 
took the boards at Washington Hall on Wed- 
nesday and Thursday nights and justified 
all that the firmest believer in the ability 
and energy of its promoters had predicted. 
The Minstrel Show started things off at a 
pace that would have kept Primrose on his 
toes. The succeeding numbers contained 
enough pep, quality, and variety to appeal 
to any type of audience. Which was well, 
for there were the usual Blackstone brains 
scattered in the audience — and the reference 
isn’t to law. 

Notre Dame’s debating teams split a pair 
of appearances in a triangular meet with 
Wabash and Depauw. The affirmative, ap- 

pearing here, defeated the powerful Wabash 
negative team, which numbered among* its 
members, Ross, winner of the State Ora- 
torical Contest. The negative lost a good 
debate to Depauw at Greencastle. 

Everything else seems to be suffering 
from suspended animation waiting* for the 
actual declaration of Spring. The exodus to 
Niles last Saturday of large numbers of 
students gave that town a false alarm of 
Spring. Notices for invitations for the 
Seniors are posted. Orders have to be 
placed, with full payment down, before 
March 16. This takes an order out of the 
realm of investment into that of speculation 
and this appeal to the gambling instinct 
has resulted in the placing of a gratifying; 
number of orders. 

Blackstone’s venerable ghost hovered 
about the campus Monday night watching* 
with the keen interest of a law clerk, the 
polished manner in which the murder trial, 
growing out of a few incidents in the gym, 
was conducted. Among other famous men 
“murdered” at Notre Dame recently are 
Judge Carberry and Gus Desch. There’s no 
fooling where “men are men, and he-men 
at that.” The solemnity of this trial was 
only rivalled by the burial of the Walsh 
Hall alligator, which, like so many former 
residents of Walsh, got in “hot water” once 
too often. 

It seems that Coolidge once refused to al- 
low a glee club to sing for him. One more 
proof of the democracy of Notre Dame is 
the scheduled appearance of the Glee Club 
in Washington Hall on St. Patrick’s night. 
Now that the organization has passed the 
tests in Michigan, Wisconsin, and various 
parts of Indiana, there seems to be no or- 
ganized objection to an appearance locally. 



S. A. C. Notes 

John Moran, ’25, and Dan Brady, ’26, 
President of the Junior Class, will attend 
the Midwest Student Conference at the Kan- 
sas State College of Agriculture, Manhat- 
tan, Kansas, on April 30, May 1 and 2, as 
representatives of the S. A. C. They were 
elected at last Sunday’s meeting of the 

— nds — 

President Bischoff read a letter from L. 
L. Countryman, Secretary of the Midwest 
Conference, who is a student at Northwest- 
ern University. Mr. Countryman told of 
present plans for the business of the Con- 
ference and for the entertainment of the 

— nds — 

A letter from St. Benedict’s College, At- 
chison, Kansas, asked for a copy of the S. 
A. C. constitution. St. Benedicts’ is con- 
templating the formation of a student gov- 
erning body similar to that at Notre Dame. 

— n d s — 

Permission was granted the Senior Class 
to conduct its boxing show, previously 
planned for March 6, on March 31. 

— nds — 

Sundry matters were dug out of their 
resting places for a post-mortem airing, but 
nothing resulted except discussion. At the 
suggestion of some of his constituents, Wil- 
liam Daily broached the subject of a dis- 
tinctive mark for Freshmen. He discarded 
the cap idea as lacking in originality but 
rather facetiously proposed instead “a 
green necktie with ’29 on it.” 

As in the past, the opinion prevailed that 
no Freshman identification was necessary at 
Notre Dame, that it would tend to bring 
about an ill-feeling between classes and 
eventually the undesirable hazing. 


The election rules, which appear in the 
following columns are published here for the 
information and guidance of that part of 
the student body which will take part in the 
elections this spring. 


To assure order and harmony in the s'.ud.cnl 
elections and that they may be conducted with as 
much efficiency as possible, the rules herein con- 
tained were adopted by the Student, Activities 
Council, at a meeting held for that purpose on the 
First day of March, Nineteen Hundred and Twen- 
ty-five. These rules are subject to change and 
amendment by proper action of the Council. 



Election Committee shall consist of three members 
of the Student Activities Council, appointed by the 
President of that body and shall continue in office 
at the discretion of the President. The Election 
Committee shall have direct supervision over all 
elections as herein provided. 

— The Election Committee shall have power to su- 
pervise the following elections: 

a. Of all class officers as follows: 

1. The Junior Class, its election of officers 
and S.A.C. representatives for the follow- 
ing year. 

2. The Sophomore Class, its officers and S. 
A. C. representatives for the following 

2. The Freshman Class, its officers and S. 
A. C. representative. 

b. The Juggler Staff as provided in the by-laws 
governing the Juggler. 

c. The Dome Staff as provided in the by-laws 
of the Dome. 

d. All other student elections which the student 
Activities Council shall see fit to supervise. 

FOR THE INCOMING CLASS.— It shall be the 
first duty of the Election Committee, upon its ap- 
pointment, to call a meeting of the men entei'ing 
the University as Freshmen, for the purpose of 
electing their class officers. This election shall be 
held the second week in October. 

Section 4. ABSENTEE VOTERS.— Only those 
students away from the University, in the inter- 
ests of the University, shall be entitled to vote by 
an absentee ballot. This ballot will be furnished 
to the voter who is to be absent from the Uni- 
versity on election day, upon application to the 
Chairman of the Election Committee. The voter 
must present his excuse for absence and the Chair- 
man shall decide whether it is a valid one or not. 

— Pre-law students shall vote according to the 
year of their attendance at the University. This 
will give Law students the privilege of voting 
twice as Seniors. 








To contest an election a written statement must be 
handed to the chairman of the Election Committee 
not later than two days after the announcement 
of the result. Statement shall set out the irregu- 
larity and must be signed by at least five voters 
of the class of which the contested office is in 
question. In case there is an irregularity a new 
election will be called. 



ED BY PRIMARIES. — The Junior, Sophomore, 
and Freshman classes of the University shall se- 
lect their respective candidates for the various 
offices, for the following year, by a primary election 
as herein provided for. No candidate’s name shall 
appear upon the official ballots, to be elected, unless 
such candidate shall have been numinated as herein 

PRIMARIES. — The second week in May, of each 
school year shall be known as the primary election 
week, at which time each class shall nominate their 
candidates for all elective offices as enumerated in 
the preceding Article. The Freshman class shall 
nominate on Monday of that week, the Sophomore 
class on Tuesday, and the Junior class on Wed- 
nesday. The hour and the place of the nominating 
meetings to be announced by the Election Com- 

Election Committee shall post notices, on the 
various bulletin boards, announcing the time and 
the place of the primaries, at least one week before 
the date set for the beginning of the primary. 

the Seniors in each college and the Senior day- 
students shall be called for the purpose of nominat- 
ing their respective representatives to the Student 
Activities^ Council. The candidates from each school 
must be members of that school. The two nomi- 
nees receiving the highest number of votes cast 
shall be the candidates for representative of that 
college. The meeting of the various colleges shall 
be held the week preceding the regular* primaries. 
The time and place of the meetings will be an- 
nounced by the Election Committee. 

In the case of a vacancy in the Senior represen- 
tative body, the member to fill the vacancy shall be 
elected by the class as a member at large. 

ING. — The Chairman of the Election Committee 
shall have charge of the proceedings during the 
nominating. Regular rules of order shall govern 
except that no ‘second’ shall be needed to nominate. 

Section 6. METHOD OF VOTING.— After 

nominations for all of the offices have been made, 
ballots shall be passed out. The elector shall place 
the name of one nominee for each office on the bal- 
lot as provided. 

Section 7. CANDIDATES. — The two nominees 
receiving the highest number of votes, for each 
office, shall be the candidates to be voted upon in 
the general or final election. 



ELECTION. — The final election shall be held on 
Friday of the second week in May. The polls shall 
be open from nine o’clock in the forenoon until 
five o’clock in the afternoon. The location of the 
polls shall be announced by the Election Committee 
at least three days before the day set. 

VOTERS. — The members of each class shall be 
registered in a poll book of that class and upon 
appearance of voter his name shall be checked 
on the book as haring cast his ballot. 

In case of any dispute as to class standing of 
the voter, the voter shall present a note from the 
Dean of his College and the poll books shall be 
corrected to agree. 

Section 3. METHOD OF VOTiNG.— The mem- 
bers of each class shall be presented with a bat- 
lot bearing the names of the candidates from his 
class. The elector shall check the names of the 
candidates he wishes to cast his vote for and de- 
posit his ballot in the box provided for that class. 
The Juniors, in voting for S.A.C. representatives, 
shall be allowed to vote for only the representative 
from his college, except the day-students, who shall 
vote also for the day-student representative. 

The members of the Election Committee and the 
presidents of the three classes shall act as clerks, 
of the election. 

The counting of the ballots shall be left in the 
hands of the Election Committee and the Student 
Activities Council. The result of the count must 
be made known not later than the Monday after 
the election, except where there has been a con- 
tested election. 


On the afternoon of Friday, March 20, 
Joseph Scott, of Los Angeles, will lecture in 
Washing-ton Hall. The hour of the lecture 
will be announced later. 




The Better America Federation of Cali- 
fornia is about to conduct a National Inter- 
collegiate Oratorical Contest in which Notre 
Dame has been invited to participate. 

The purpose of the contest is to increase 
interest in and respect for the Constitution 
of the United States. The rules permit any 
bona fide undergraduate student in any col- 
lege or university in the United States to 
enter. Each participating school is to se- 
lect a candidate, and only one candidate is 
allowed to each school. The final awards 
will range from $300 to $2,000 and will be 
distributed among seven finalists. 

The contestants will be judged according 
to manuscripts as well as according to ora- 
tory. In fact, manuscripts will count as 
much as oratory. 

Any Notre Dame students who wish to 
enter this contest must submit their names 
to the Director of Studies not later than 
March 20. All manuscripts must be handed 
in to Mr. Mark Nolan by April 5. For de- 
tailed information concerning this contest, 
entrants may consult Mr. Nolan, 223 Sorin 


For the first' time in the history of the 
University, members of the Freshman class, 
under the direction of Mr. Mark Nolan, are 
being organized into debating teams. Dur- 
ing the try-outs for the Varsity teams so 
much capable material was found among the 
Freshmen that the time was thought propi- 
tious for the organization and training of 
these men to represent the University in 
the future. 

With this purpose in view, Coach Nolan 
chose the question : “Resolved, that the 
American people should adopt Senator 
Robert La Follette’s proposal for the cur- 
tailment of the power of the Supreme Court 
over acts of Congress.” 

Preliminaries were held last week. Those 
who survived these preliminaries and were 
eligible for entrance into the second series 

were: John Cavanaugh, Edward B. Burke, 
John Igoe, Joseph McNamara, William 
O’Neil, Bernard Crowley, George Coury, 
Donald Corbett, Robert Fogarty, William 
Hurley, Morris Conley, John Murphy, Ar- 
thur Stenius, Bernard Zepperer, James Ma- 
loney, Emmett Donahue, Robert McHale, 
Patrick O’Connor and Gerald Conaghan. 

From these men, the official teams will be 
selected. It is probable that two or three 
debates wall be arranged to be held before 


Engaging in tw r o debates on Friday night, 
March 6, Notre Dame won from Wabash in 
Washington Hall and lost to DePamv at 

The affirmative team received Professor 
Frank Carlton’s decision here after a closely 
fought and thoroughly interesting battle 
with Wabash. The visiting men wore Clevel- 
and convincing speakers, particularly the 
unheralded Mr. V. W. Brown. He, with 
Mr. L. M. Ross, winner of the State Ora- 
torical Contest, and Mr. W. H. Johnson, 
presented a remarkably strong negative 

Ray Cunningham, William Coyne and Os- 
car Lavery, representing Notre Dame, 
though burdened wdth the unpopular side of 
the question, argued their points with ex- 
traordinary skill and offset the somewhat 
superior speaking ability of the Wabash 
team. They demonstrated an amazingly 
deep knowledge of their subject. 

Dean Thomas J. Konop of the Hoynes 
College of Law was the chairman of the 
debate here, and music was furnished by the 
Big Five. 

At Greencastle the debate was equally as 
hard fought and the judgment, favorable to 
De Pauw, of Professor Woolbert of the Uni- 
versity of Illinois, came as the climax to an 
evening of extremely hot argument. David 
Stanton, Seymour Weisburger and Joseph 
Hogan comprised the Notre Dame negative 

“The question debated in both cases was 
Resolved, that Indiana should adopt in prin- 
ciple the Wisconsin plan of unemployment 
insurance, constitutionality waived.” 




Minus Professor Man ion, who was unable 
to appear for his scheduled comment on 
“Feminine Foibles” the members of Notre 
Dame Council, Knights of Columbus, met in 
their Walsh Hall chambers Tuesday night, 
smoked cigars, transacted business, listened 
to music as served by the Knightingales, 
and enjoyed a palate teasing lunch. 

The Councirs next initiation is to be held 
on Friday evening, March 20, and on Sun- 
day afternoon, March 22. The first degree 
will be exemplified on Friday and the sec- 
ond and third degrees on Sunday. A ban- 
quet, honoring the newly initiated Knights, 
will be served in the LaSalle Hotel, Sunday 


Mr. Frank E. Hering, former Notre Dame 
football captain and coach, and Mr. Rome 
C. Stephenson, President of the St. Joseph 
Loan and Trust Company, will be the 
speakers at the Villagers Club banquet in 
the Oliver Hotel next Monday evening, 
March 16. The entertainment, consisting 
partially of music, and the decorations, ar- 
ranged by Walter Condon, will be in keep- 
ing with St. Patrick’s Day. The Villagers 
orchestra, under the leadership of Seymour 
Weisburger, will play. 

The officers of the Villagers hope to an- 
nounce their plans for the spring activities 
of the Club at this meeting. 


The monthly meeting of the Engineers’ 
Club, held on Thursday night, March 5, in 
the Carroll “rec” room, was in charge of 
the Civil Engineers under the direction of 
Tino Poggiani. 

Father George McNamara was the prin- 
cipal speaker. He told of the fine spirit of 
fellowship and generosity that had always 
existed among the Engineers and of the 
Notre Dame traditions that in his belief 
had been started by them. He mentioned 

especially, the tradition of breaking a last 
cigarette to share it with a friend. 

Refreshments were served and two im- 
portant announcements made. One was 
that the next meeting would be in charge 
of the Chemical Engineers headed by George 
Ludwig. The other was that an Engineers’ 
number of the Scholastic would be issued 
on April 4. This number will be made up 
entirely, it is hoped, of the work of the En- 

A committee, consisting of George Dris- 
coll, chairman ; George Ludwig, Roland 
Menou, George Rohrbach and Eugene Sul- 
livan was appointed to co-operate with the 
editors of the Scholastic. Any Engineer 
wishing to contribute to this number should 
hand his copy to one of the above men by 
March 22. Contributions to all depart- 
ments of the Scholastic, literary, news, 
sports, verse, are solicited. The Engineers’ 
contributions are by no means limited to 
engineering subjects. 


“Resolved, that, under existing conditions, 
the abolition by all the civilized nations of 
the world of their armies and navies, other 
than those required for domestic policy, is 

Such was the question in Notre Dame’s 
first intercollegiate debate, held in Indian- 
apolis on May 3, 1899, with Butler as the 
opponent. Matthew A. Schumacher, now 
Father Schumacher, C.S.C., President of St.. 
Edward’s College, Austin, Texas, Sherman 
Steele and Harry P. Barry, represented 
Notre Dame. These three pioneers won 
that first debate — and Notre Dame has been 
wanning with marvelous regularity ever 
since. The precedent was all-powerful. 

In the twenty-six years since 1899 — not 
including the 1925 season — Notre Dame has 
won forty-six out of fifty-five debates. This 
is a percentage of 83.6. During the first 
ten years of her debating history, she did 
not lose a single contest. 

An accomplishment so unique is liable to 
be overshadowed, by the more conspicuous 
and popular athletic accomplishments. Par- 
tially because of that danger, to unveil hid- 
den facts and to give due credit to able de- 


baters and able debating- coaches is the pur- 
pose of this article. 

On the basis of these figures, Notre Dame 
may lay fair claim to the debating cham- 
pionship of the country. Of other schools, 
the most impressive record, so far as is 
known is that of Bates College. Its record 
was compiled two years ago during an in- 
vestigation, by the Literary Digest, of de- 
bating among American colleges. At that 
time Bates had won forty-two out of fifty- 
five debates for a percentage of 76.4. 

With whom, you ask, has Notre Dame de- 
bated all these years? Has she sufficient 
grounds for claiming a championship? Be- 
fore any justification of her claim is at- 
tempted, this should be noted: That the 
numerically larger schools do not always 
develop the best debating teams. Bates, 
with comparatively few students, is a bril- 
liant example of this fact. And St. Via- 
tor’s, not a large school, is one of the very 
few credited with two debating victories 
over Notre Dame. 

But if you will have “bigger proof,” here 
it is. Iowa, Georgetown, Ohio, Detroit, 
Western Reserve, Indiana and Purdue are 
among the numerically larger schools whose 
debating teams Notre Dame has met. Of 
these neither Ohio nor Iowa, Purdue nor 
Detroit has ever defeated Notre Dame. 
Georgetown has gained one victory (inci- 
dentally, Notre Dame’s first defeat) Western 
Reserve, two and Indiana, two. 

Much of the success of Notre Dame de- 
bating must unquestionably be attributed to 
the ability of capable coaches. Professor 
William Carmody organized the first team 
in 1899 and remained in charge for two 
years. He was followed by Rev. Thomas 
Crum ley j C.S.C., a member of the Uni- 
versity faculty at present, who guided his 
teams through the undefeated seasons of 
1901 and 1902. Professor Sherman Steele 
directed the teams of 1903 and 1904 and 
Professor John B. Reno those from 1905 to 
1908. With the close of the 1907 season 
Notre Dame had won fourteen debates and 
had not been beaten. 

Canie 1908 and the first defeat by George- 
town at Washington after Notre Dame had 
-already beaten Ohio. Rev. William Molo- 

ney, C.S.C., now pastor of St. Patrick’s 
Church in South Bend, assumed charge of 
the debaters in 1909, and during that year 
avenged the Georgetown defeat. He con- 
tinued without an adverse decision for two 

In 1912, Rev. William A. Bolger, C.S.C., 
the present coach, became tne director of 
debating activities at Notre Dame. His 
genial personality, his knowledge of politics 
and economics in which fields he is a na- 
tionally known authority, a piercing insight 
into involved issues, his ability to communi- 
cate his knowledge to others and to inspire 
them, all these attributes of Father Bolger 
have combined with the qualities of capable 
students to produce “the golden age of argu- 
mentation at Notre Dame.” 

The war caused an interruption of four 
years in debating. In the other eight years 
since 1912, the Notre Dame teams have won 
thirty-two out of thirty-eight debates. Pro- 
fessor Shuster assisted Father Bolger in 
1924 when there were four teams debating 
two different questions. 

The teams of this year give every indica- 
tion of living up to previous standards. 
Competition during the tiyouts was mark- 
edly hot and an unfailing interest was evi- 
denced by all the contestants. It was a 
most difficult task to select those men who 
were to represent the University on the 
varsity teams. 

There is much satisfaction in the fact that 
the Freshmen displayed an unprecedented 
interest in these tiyouts. Indeed the inter- 
est was so great that tiyouts for the Fresh- 
man-debating teams, an innovation at Notre 
Dame, are now going on and meets for 
them are being scheduled. 

All this is encouraging. If Notre Dame 
is to continue in her place as debating 
champion of the country, interest and zeal 
must be kept alive. Champions need much 
moral assistance especially in the way of 
packed Washington Halls. 

Note: — The author is indebted to Frank Wal- 
lace, ’23, for many of the facts contained in this 
story. Mr. Wallace’s article on Notre Dame de- 
bating appeared in the South Bend Tribune two 
years ago. 

— W. R. DOOLEY. 





Morrissey Hall is to be the name of the 
building now under construction just south 
of the Library. Rev Andrew J. Morrissey 
(1860-1921), in whose honor the building 
will be designated, was active for many 
years in the service of Holy Cross. He was 
officially connected with the administration 
of the University as Director of Studies 
(1885-1898), and as President (1893-1905). 
For fourteen years (1906-1920") he was Pro- 
vincial of the Congragation of Holy Cross. 
. . . . Says the Dome of ’22 — “He labored 
deligently for a greater Notre Dame, — 
greater not only in size, but in educational 
value and spiritual training.” 

N D S 

Laetare Sunday falls on March 22 this 
year. On that day, the committee will 
make known the name of the recipient of 
the Laetare Medal for 1925. The award is 
made annually by the University to some 
distinguished Catholic layman. 

N D S 

Rev. Matthew J. Walsh, C.S.C., President 
of the University, has returned from his 


Arrangements for Commencement are 
being completed by the committee. Excel- 
lent music seems assured, as it is planned 
to combine the Glee Club and the Moreau 
Seminary Choir for the occasion. 

N D S 

Morrissey Hall, despite rumors, will be 
occupied by Freshmen. One half the ac- 
commodations are already reserved. 


The annual Students’ Variety Show play- 
ed to crowded houses in its two perform- 
ances in Washington Hall on Wednesday 
and Thursday evenings. The entertainment 
was in the nature of a potpourri, ranging 
from the ridiculous to the sublime, from the 
satisfying rythm of jazz-dancing to the 
sober philosophy of a morality play. Dick 
Lightfoot, who had charge of the direction 
of this play, saw to it that all tastes were 
catered to, and the large audience seemed 

well satisfied with the result. 

“Moments of Minstrelsy,” the opening act 
of the show, was particularly well received. 
With Pat Manion in the role of interlocutor 
and Irving Hurwich, Ed Luther, John Cor- 
coran, Hogan Morissey, and the Subway 
Seven, all featured with special numbers, 
this was perhaps the most elaborate act on 
the program. 

Another high spot in the evening’s enter- 
tainment' was the unexpected appearance of 
Jimmy Crowley in “Capers by the Four 
Horsemen.” Jim responded to the reception 
with a few moments of clog dancing*. Harry 
Denny’s Collegians, assisted by the delightful 
Miss Bernice McGowan, and Musical Diver- 
sions, with Raymond Sheriff, John De Mott, 
and George Higdon, were very well received. 

Several youthful dancers from Miss Cor- 
inne Seegmueller’s Palais Royale School of 
Dancing, presented an extremely pleasing 
number called “A Grandmother’s Dream of a 
Minuette.” Betty Fefferman was cast as the 
grandmother, Virginia Babcock, June Mich- 
ael, Samuel Dunnock and Carl Kuehne as- 
sisting with dancing. They were followed 
by Miss Maxine Eaton who very ably gave 
several novelty dances. 

In connection with the Varsity Show, spe- 
cial mention must be made of the work of 
Mr. Richard Lightfoot. To him, for his 
ceaseless efforts and splendid ideas, should 
go a great portion of the credit for the suc- 
cess of the production. 

Assisting Mr. Lightfoot back-stage were 
J. T. Quigley, F. C. Bunce, A. G. Adrian, 
Lester Lovier, Frank Murray, George Vin- 
cent, Meredith Doyle, George Sheehe, Jack 
Kane, A1 Hockwalt, John Mahon, and John 
Gallagher. The Art Department of the Uni- 
versity, especially Professor and Mrs. 
Ernest Thompson were of great assistance 
in the preparation of the gorgeous stage set- 
tings which were a feature of the produc- 
tion. Wilbur McElroy, George Kri spin ski, 
Joseph Foglia, and John Garvin assisted in 
the art work. 

The aid of Mr. Richardson . of the Palace 
Theatre and of Miss Confine Seegmueller of 
the Palais Royale Dancing School, among 
the many South Bend people who assisted, 
is especially acknowledged. 




The Glee Club wall give its first campus 
concert of the year Tuesday night, March 
17. Mr. Joseph J. Casasanta will conduct one 
group of the program, and Dr. J. Lewis 
Browne will direct the remainder. 

Mr. Casasanta received his degree of 
Bachelor of Music in 1923 from Notre 
Dame and since that time has been em- 
ployed in the Musical Department of the 
School. Besides his work as a teacher of 
piano, he was this year appointed director 
of the University Band. The Band, under 
the conduction of Mr. Casasanta, made sev- 
eral trips to football games played away 
from Notre Dame, and it was more than 
favorably received upon every such occasion. 

Besides his work as director of the Band 
and assistant director of the Glee Club, Mr. 
■Casasanta is a composer of several musical 
numbers, the most prominent, perhaps, be- 
ing “Hike, Notre Dame,” which the Glee 
Club has included as a regular number of 
its program. This song has lately been 
accepted as one of the official football songs 
of Notre Dame. 

N D S 

The University Orchestra has recently 
been reorganized and now has thirty mem- 
bers, who are working on the program to 
be given in spring concerts. The Orchestra 
is conducted by Dr. J. Lewis Browne, as- 
sisted by Mr. Joseph J. Casasanta. The of- 
ficers of the organization are: Rev. Matthew 
Walsh, C.S.C., Honorary President; Jay 
Masenich, President ; Walter Houppert, Vice 
President; and John F. O’Donnell, Business 
Manager. The other members of the or- 
chestra are: Weisberger, Eder, Schilder, 
Roemer, Benning, Dardes, Dombey, Duffy, 
Braun, DeMott, Lemmer, Endress, McDer- 
mott, Favero, Worthington, Short, Miller, 
Schuh, Gilles, Ferguson, McNamara, Brous- 
sard, Howland, Wood, Reichert and Haney. 

The Orchestra will hold its first smoker 
Wednesday evening, March 18. All men in- 
terested in orchestra work are invited to 
join immediately. 

Added impetus has been given to the 
"work of the organization because of the re- 

cent visit upon the campus of Miss Hayes 
of the Hayes Travel Co. This company 
mil take an orchestra of twelve men from 
the Notre Dame organization to play dur- 
ing its summer voyages between this coun- 
try and France. The first trip will be made 
• early in July. 


Miss Jones, of the Placement Bureau of the 
South Bend Vocational Guidance Department, gave 
an interesting talk to the members of the course 
on the efforts being made to place students, who 
desire either part-time or full-time work, in posi- 
tions for which they are best fitted. She explained 
the efforts being made in the schools to help the 
boy determine the work he intends to take up in 

N D s 

St. Casimir’s Young Men’s Club received Holy 
Communion in a body last Sunday. Hogan Mor- 
sissey and Hector McNeil, supervisors, attended 
church with the members of the club. 

N D s 

Mr. Kremp recently bloomed forth in a new 
spring outfit. Contrary to expectations he re- 
tained his clod-hoppers as part of his spring attire. 


Mr. Peachey, Scoutmaster of Troop 1, South 
Bend, paid Graduate Hall a visit last Sunday. Mr. 
Peachey spent thirteen years “before the mast” 
and was a most interesting guest. 


Messrs. July and Hughes received flags for 
Troops number 33 and 35, respectively, at the 
Court of Honor held recently in the Elks Club. 


Hogan Morrissey was a decided success in the 
Student Varieties. 


Messrs. Walsh, Becker and Lacey are continuing 
their important work in connection with the Juve- 
nile Court in South Bend. 


Mr. Eugene McVeigh has been appointed to take 
charge of engineering details connected with the 
extensive survey being made by the South Bend 
Recreation Bureau, under the supervision of Col. 
C. B. Bullock. Mr. William K. O’Donnell, a grad- 
uate of Villa Nova, will be associated with Mr. 
McVeigh in the work. 


Drs. Bonelli and McVeigh, well-known physicians, 
were visitors in South Bend during the past week. 
They gave several talks before the “400” of the 
neighboring city. Both men are well known to the 
Boy Guidance students. 





It is fitting that St. Patrick be honored in 
an especial way at Notre Dame. The great 
patron of Erin is a symbol of the invincible 
faith to which the forefathers of so many 
Notre Dame men clung through adversity 
and oppression. 

The blessing that God has given to Ire- 
land — the glorious fact that Irishmen con- 
stitute a nation, united in ideals and re- 
ligion — is a result of the Catholic faith of 
its people. St. Patrick carried the torch of 
faith to Ireland to light the ardent fires of 
religion in the noble hearts and souls of the 
Irish people. And this faith has preserved 
them a nation. 

May we at Notre Dame remember that 
St. Patrick — idealized as an historical fig- 
ure or a religious hero — is, nevertheless, a 
powerful saint whose greatest merit lies in 
the power of his sainthood. Few pray to 
St. Patick, though he, who placed the most 
constant and most beautiful jewel in the 
crown of God, must be all powerful as an 
intercessor. — M. c. 


Economists of this generation have at- 
tached considerable importance to the fluc- 
tuating Business Cycle, which, they main- 
tain, is divided into the periods of ascend- 
ency, prosperity, descendency, and depres- 
sion. College graduates, too, that is those 
who have been active in campus activities, 
when reminiscing upon their college life, be- 
come cognizant of a similar College Cycle 
through which they have passed. Their 
Freshman year naturally was that period of 
ascendency into the spheres of activity 
prominence; their Sophomore and Junior 
years represented their period of highest 
and greatest activity achievement— their 
season of prosperity; while their Senior 
year marked their period of descendency 
from the throne of the reigning activity, be- 
cause by that time they considered they had 
enjoyed their share of honor and glory and 
that it was time to turn over to their un- 
der-classmen the opportunities they had had 
to win popularity and laurels of eminence. 


This is the time of year when fervent pleas 
and dire threats are usually made for the 
safe-guarding of the campus. This, how- 
ever, is neither an entreaty nor an attempt 
to sling harsh language. We are firm be- 
lievers in the theoiy that the Notre Dame 
man is most reasonable and can best be 
approached in a reasonable way. 

Until walking upon the grass shall be 
considered a disgrace for a Notre Dame 
man, Our Lady’s campus will never attain 
that perfection of beauty with which na- 
ture has endowed it. — j. w. s. 

Now the economists, when the period of 
depression is prevailing, have no doubts 
that the succeeding period will be one of as- 
cendency because it has been proved that 
the theory of the Business Cycle actually 
functions in practice. The graduating- stu- 
dents, however, when they realize that soon 
they must relinquish their positions of ac- 
tivity honor, and at the same time do not 
see any under-classmen with outstanding 
capabilities to assume them, are not so cer- 
tain that this College Cycle will function as 
smoothly and as regularly as it should. They 
feel assured that in time, due to necessity, 
someone will exude from somewhere to 
shoulder the responsibilities and keep the 



Cycle in motion; but they are skeptical 
about it all unless they have witnessed an 
under-classmen develop gradually as the 
logical one to “fill their shoes.” 

With a sudden realization that opportun- 
ities galore await those ambitious enough to 
make the effort, it seems that the present 
Freshman class has had its awakening. Sud- 
denly they seemed to have become aware of 
the need of their assistance in athletics to 
fill the gap left by the graduating “horse- 
men” and “mules” and they have lost no 
time answering the “spring football” call. 
They seemed to have sensed that there were 
very few interested in dramatics among the 
upper-classmen, and so with the impetus 
provided by a senior activity, they flocked 
out to organize a dramatic club and to cast 
for several one-act plays. The debating 
team they noticed was constituted chiefly of 
men who would be receiving a diploma this 
year, and so these Freshmen formed a de- 
bating team to “season” themselves for the 
gruelling tests of the Varsity preliminaries 
next fall. In short, they have realized the 
school's present need of their services and 
the benefit their services will be to the 
school and to themselves in later life. 

The Freshman class seems to be conscious 
of the fact that the proper functioning of 
this College Cycle depends not on external 
conditions as does the Business Cycle, but 
on conditions brought about by individual 
initiative. — R. c: c. 


It is pleasing to note the interest in debates 
at Notre Dame this year. Not so much 
among the debaters, the spirit of sacrifice 
and enthusiasm has always been there, but 
in the student body itself, this spirit of in- 
terest is present. The audience for the 
Wabash debate was the first respectable 
turnout for a debate in Washington Hall 
within the last two years. 

Part of the credit for this belongs to 
George Bischoff, the President of the Stu- 
dent Activities Council. We sometimes won- 
der, with all the criticism piled about the 
S. A. C., like so much mud, impeding its 
action, just how the student body would 

have their student governing body conduct- 
ed. George Bischoff is a man of ability, of 
action, the possessor of unlimited energy; 
all of which have been at the disposal of the 
student body this year. Mr. Bischoff is 
responsible for the publicity which filled 
Washington Hall for the Wabash debate, 
and we congratulate him for his success. 

Concerning the debate, there is only this 
to write : Notre Dame’s debating tradition, 
like her athletic traditions, is a good one. 
And we are confident it has been intrusted 
to safe hands this year. The work of the 
victorious affirmative team bespeaks ora- 
torical ability and arduous preparation. 
Like the defeated negative team, which 
brilliantly oposed De Pauw at Greencastle, 
they are to be congratulated. 

The new Players Club, with an enrollment 
of one hundred, is making an excellent start 
under the direction of its officers and ad- 
visory board. We see nothing but certain 
and impressive success for this distinctively 
Notre Dame project. — J. w. s. 



J. w. 





News Editor 

Literary Editor 



Sports Editor 

Ass’t Literary Editor 













harry a. mcguire 











Business Manager 



Local Advertising Mgr. Foreign Adv. Manager 



Circulation Manager 
























Ireland — 

The Mother of Medieval Universities 


I T is commonly believed that some 700 years 
ago, when a body of Norman knights con- 
quered Ireland, they found there an ignorant 
and degraded people to whom they brought 
the first knowledge of the arts and sciences. Noth- 
ing could be further from the truth. 

The Irish people have a long record of wrongs 
done them as a nation, but the most ingenious and 
refined of all is precisely this: their oppressors 
systematically destroyed all knowledge of their past. 
They robbed a noble and gifted people of the very 
memories of their ancient glories. They made- 
trembling slaves or savage beasts out of them, 
and then they proceeded to kill in their souls the 
one gleam of comfort and hope, the reminiscence 
of the ages they were the schoolmasters and apos- 
tles of nations which today look disdainfully down 
on the little island whence they received, 1200 
years ago, the divine lights of faith and science. 

Long before the Norman set foot on English 
soil, when he was yet a Northman, a sanguinary 
robber of the weak and defenseless all over Eu- 
rope, Ireland had earned the splendid title of 
'"‘Island of Saints and Doctors.” She had numer- 
ous famous schools in which countless thousands 
from all over Europe came as students and ac- 
quired a knowledge of religion, philosophy, history, 
languages, exact and natural sciences, fine arts, 
music, law and medicine; such a knowledge as 
could not be obtained from one end of Europe to 
the other. The whole island was covered with 
establishments of piety and learning from the sixth 
to the tenth century. Numberless teachers taught 
all the sciences of antiquity. Numberless others 
transci-ibed the teachings of the scientists. All — 
both teachers and students — felt a thirst for knowl- 
edge such as perhaps has never before or since 
existed among any people. 

Had these peaceful arts been allowed to flourish, 
had the human mind in the West been allowed 
to evolve its gifts under the guidance of these 
Irish Christian teachers, who knows what might 
have been the course of the world's history. We 
might have been spared much of the barbarism 
and ignorance of the Middle Ages. Christianity 
might have been left more free to develop the bet- 
ter qualities of man; the transition from the an- 
tique to the modern society would have been ac- 
complished with fewer convulsions, and in briefer 
time. We would not have had to await the fall 
of Constantinople for a re-awakening of interest 
in the learning and culture of the polished na- 
tions of antiquity. 

In order to understand why the Irish people 
ought to be proud of their ancient reputation for 
scholarliness and refinement, we must go back to 
the history of the period from the year 500 to 

800. It was the time of the barbarian invasions 
of the Roman Empire. Multitude after multitude 
of brutal heathen people, without law or culture, 
fell upon the fairest provinces of the great em- 
pire. They deluged with blood the soil of Gaul, 
of Spain and of Italy. They reduced the popula- 
tions to slavery or at least, to misery. They 
visited upon the subjects of mighty Rome an awful 
retribution for the wrongs she had wreaked upon 
their forefathers. In one dread night the light of 
civilization, fed by a thousand years of Greek and 
Roman culture, went out, and an appalling dark- 
ness hung over the world. 

So vast was the ruin and so complete the col- 
lapse of all that the intellect and the skill of man 
had produced in southern and central Europe, that 
the writers of the day could find no words to des- 
cribe it, and for our knowledge of it we are re- 
duced mainly to the evidences of our eyes — the 
tremendous wreckage of antiquity, whose disor- 
dered heaps are yet visible to evex-y traveler. 

It was in this period, some 1200 to 1400 years 
ago, from the fifth to the ninth centuries of our 
era, that the schools of Ireland floux-ished. The 
great Greek and Roman schools were closed, the 
civilization they nourished destx-oyed, the libraries 
consumed or scattered, the teachex-s dx-iven into the 
desert places and made slaves or wanderers on the 
face of the earth. Had it not been for the whole 
hearted devotion with which the children of St. 
Patrick took up the dying torch of science and 
handed it on from one to anothei', Europe would 
have sunk into its original barbarism. Charle- 
magne and the medieval papacy would have been 
impossible; the gi-eat universities would not have 
arisen; the classics would not have come down to 
us in fragments; and the task of Christian teach- 
ing and discipline would have been well-nigh hope- 
less. If the man who opens a school-house in the 
wilderness is a public benefactor, how desei*ving of 
public gratitude was that multitude of holy men 
who built their schools, little and gx-eat, in evex-y 
sweet valley and on evex-y rounded hill of Ireland; 
who dotted the islands of the lakes with schools 
and wove ax-ound the pictux-esque coast of the en- 
tix-e island a splendid gix-dle of monastex-ies, like 
so many beacons of welcome and safety to the 
thousands who fled from the wars and the disor- 
ders of the continent. 

The ancient Ix-ish, though wax-like in their 
tastes, were a people of great refinement, gen- 
erous, gifted, and impressed by the mystic and spirit- 
ual sides of life. They were deeply versed in the 
sciences of poetry and history, in the weaving of 
narratives and romance, in such knowledge of the 
natural and exact sciences as was then attainable.. 
We need not therefore wonder at the sudden blos- 
soming of learning which took place within a cen- 
tury of St. Patx-ick’s death. The soil and the time 
were admirably adapted. The learning of pagan 
Ireland had been in the hands of the Druids and 
the Bards. Among the Christian Irish the priests 



at once stepped into the places and the privileges 
of tliis high literary caste, and thus, by the easi- 
est of transitions, the whole system of teaching 
became at once Christian, Ecclesiastical, and Ro- 

Twenty years after St. Patrick’s death the chief 
king of Ireland was converted, and Armagh was 
made the chief See of Ireland. Monasteries sprang 
up everywhere and were the centers of learning 
and piety, not only for Ireland, but for all of 
Europe, during the early Middle Ages. There were 
many communities founded for girls and women; 
that of St. Brigid, particularly, became famous. 
Thus Ireland fully merited the title of “island of 
saints and scholars,” for from it was spread the 
learning that preserved Europe to the Faith and 
re-converted the greater part of it after the bar- 
barian invasions. 

The most venerable of these ancient schools is 
that of Armagh. All the Christian learning of the 
Gael comes down from the swelling heights of 
Macha, where Patrick built his church and fixed 
his episcopal chair. Long before St. Patrick, it 
had been famous as a school of poetry and ro- 
mance, for Armagh was the classic land of the 
ancient Celtic chivalry — the home of the Red 
Branch Knights — and close by was the splendid 
palace of the northern kings. The piety and fancy 
of the Celt have woven the facts of the founda- 
tion into the tenderest of legends. 

It is told how when Patrick was ascending the 
slope of the sacred hill, book in hand, surrounded 
by . the clergy and the people, a startled deer with 
its little fawn broke from the thicket nearby. The 
attendants wanted to kill them but the gentle old 
bishop forbade it. He took the little fawn upon 
his shoulders, the timid doe followed after him, 
and thus went to the convent of the Nuns of Na 
Fearta where the fawn and the doe were caressed 
and cared fox’. Even in this Patrick was a teach- 
er, for he impressed upon the rough warriors about 
him lessons of Christian mildness. “He showed 
himself the Good Shepherd, of whom he spoke to 
them so often, and they were taught that the gos- 
pel of Patrick was a gospel of love — of love of 
God, their Gi'eat Father in heaven, and for all 
their fellow men on earth.” 

Beside the little Cathedral there ai-ose the houses 
of monks and students; the library and the ar- 
chives were soon added, and in a shoi-t while the 
Hill of Macha was a busy center of Christian stu- 
dents and studies. The material wants were well 
provided for, and the discipline was closely looked 
aftei*. A pi-ison for the l'efractory was built upon 
the grounds. For the protection of his church 
and school, Pati'ick surrounded them with a huge 
eai*then mound, and in the neighborhood lie planted 
a large grove in whose shade the clergy might re- 
fresh themselves after their labors. 

The fii-st pi-esident of this school was Benignus, 
an . affectionate youth especially beloved by St. Pat- 
rick. In the first days of Patrick’s mission Benig- 

nus had abandoned all to follow our Saint, and 
now Pati-ick placed him over the most important 
of his foundations, the new Cathedral school of 
Armagh. Benignus was a sweet musician; he was 
the psalm singei : of St. Patrick; that is, he direct- 
ed the musical services which the wise apostle 
established wherever he went. The ancient Celts 
were passionately fond of music and highly gifted 
with musical talents. In the school of Armagh, 
we may well imagine, the ancient church music 
flourished. The wild-eyed Celtic youth learned to 
submit to strict training, and the throats which 
had loved to chant the sorrows of Deirdre, or the 
high deeds of Cuchullian, now learned to pour 
forth the solemn, majestic church song of Rome. 

The Christian sons of the Bards tuned their 
harps and their pipes to the classic harmonies of 
Greece, and the children of the proud Celtic chief- 
tains, who had scorned the Roman yoke, began to 
learn Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. They escaped 
the yoke of the pagan only to bear the sweet and 
salutary yoke of Christian Rome. The Sacred 
Scriptures were studied daily. They were copied 
with accuracy and devotion. The only complete 
copy of the New Testament which the old Celtic 
Church has handed down to us was made in the 
school of Armagh. The theological students were 
well acquainted, too, with the works of St. Jerome. 
Countless pi-iests and bishops were schooled at Ar- 
magh on the writings of Gregory the Great, notably 
his Moralia, the most successful work ever written 
on the relations of bishops, priests, and people. 
The writings and the sayings of St. Patrick were 
for centuries part of the teaching at Armagh. The 
autographs of the Apostle were preserved with 
reverence by the professors, as well as the writ- 
ings of Benignus, the first pi-esident, who brought 
peace among the discordant clans by his Book of 
Rights, which established the revenues, rights, and 
privileges of the various civil rulers in Ireland, 
from the chief king to the lowest chieftain. It is 
a work which may compare in interest with the 
Doomsday Book of England; like it, it throws a 
flood of light on the mannei-s and habits of the 
people. Benignus wrote also a life of St. Patrick, 
which has been lost in the period of wild disorder 
that came on in the ninth and tenth centuries. 
We may well l-egret its loss, for who could so well 
depict the gentle Apostle of Erin, as his bosom 
friend, his constant companion, the beloved Senen? 

For a thousand years the school of Armagh was 
a busy centei-, where books were written, trans- 
cribed, and given away. Copies of the scriptures, 
the Fathei-s, the classical writers, the grammarians, 
the geometricians, and the natui’al scientists of the 
old classical world, were sent over the continent. 
Today, as a i-esult of all that incessant activity, 
there remains but one volume — the Famous Book 
of Armagh, copied in the year 807, over 1000 years 
ago, by the scribe Fei-domnach. It contains the 
oldest and most authentic account of the life of 
St. Patrick. Even in the Middle Ages this book 



was looked on as a priceless treasure. 

At once the school of Armagh became the intel- 
lectual center of northern Europe. Swarms of 
students came across from Wales and Britain. A 
whole quarter of the town was given over to the 
Saxon students, just as centuiies later they had a 
section of Rome for themselves. They were the 
sons of the fierce German pirates who had scoured 
the great waterways of the north; but they learned 
refinement, gentle manners, and the arts and sci- 
ences from the Iiish school-masters. Armagh was 
chiefly a school of theology. It was to be expected 
that the Christian learning of Ireland should be 
based on Christian principles and an accui-ate 
knowledge of the teaching of Jesus. But no nar- 
row nationalism presided over its development. One 
of the early presidents was a Welshman, Gildas 
the Wise, whose piety and learning did much to 
make the school popular among the neighboring 

Armagh has always been the true center of Irish 
national life. When, at the end of the eight cen- 
tury, the Danes began their murderous career, 
that closed only with the opening of the eleventh, 
Armagh at all times was the objective of their 
piratical raids. Nine times in two centui-ies this 
ancient seat of learning was pillaged by the North- 
men. On every occasion they brought the books 
of the professors and students into the open eoui-t 
of the cloisters and made bonfires of them. With- 
in five centuries it was burned to the ground six- 
teen times. No wonder that the literary laboi-s of 

its inmates have disappeared. The sword, the 
flames, neglect, ignorance, barbarism, and, worst 
of all, the contempt of later centuries have made 
sad havoc with the thousands of manusci-ipts that 
once adorned the shelves of the library. The Irish 
annals mention frequently the death of famous 
professors at Armagh. They are called learned 
scribes, professors of divinity, wise doctoi-s, modei- 
ators of the school, paragons of learning, and the 
heads of western Europe for piety, devotion, and 
scientific acquirements. Some of their names, such, 
as O’Hagan, O’Drugan and St. Malachia — whom 
St. Bernard pronounced the most accomplished 
priest of his age — have come down to us. For- over 
a thousand yeai-s this venerable school spread the 
light of religious and profane science. It l-eally 
belongs to the order of the Christian schools of 
Edessa and Nisibis, with those of Alexandria and 
Antioch. As the light of the Faith grew dai-k in 
the Orient, it blazed up with new splendor at the 
extremity of the west. Oxford and Cambridge are 
of yesterday with Armagh. 

In those days of Celtic culture and independence, 
reedy swamps and great oak forests covered the 
soil where now rise the proud turrets of the great 
schools which owe their existence to the earlier 
labors of Celtic students How ungrateful they have 
been, let countless legions of Irish martyrs tell be- 
fore the Supreme Court of the Judge of Nations; 
let the sorrows, the wanderings, the manifold woes 
of seven centuries be witnesses before the tribunal 
of humanity. 

Mist Before the Sun 

You say there is a mist before the sun. 
Veiling its glory? 

Well, what of that? 

A careless veil makes woman more alluring'. 
For me, it may linger there forever. 

We do not miss the winter in the spring'. 
And I prefer the mist to the sun. 

It is more beautiful. 

It is a melody. 





A High Drama in One Scene As W itnessed Through the Keyhole by 

Harry McGuire 

SCENE — Mount Olympus, The Prophet 
room of the Palace. It is large and hare, 
except for a huge throne in the center, 
which is flanked by two lesser seats. The 
plush padding on the lesser seats is not as 
thick as that on the big throne. Neither is 
it as worn. A telephone rests on one arm 
of the throne seat, and an engraved card 
•neatly fastened to its base says succinctly, 
“ Jove and l Other Connections.” 

A blare of trumpets. The Prophet enters, 
the V. Rev. W. R. Inge, sometime Dean of 
St. Paul’s, London, Earth. On his right 
hand walks a pale little man with a goatee, 
■John Calvin. On his left a nice man with a 
ruddy, jovial countenance and black eyes — 
Luther .. 

As the V. Rev. ascends the steps to the 
throne his ermine skirts trip him. He falls 
with dignity. 

V. REV.— Damn! 

LUTHER— Pardon? 

V. REV. — Tush, tush. Escort me yon. 
( Luther and Calvin pick him up and carry 
him to the throne. He rides their arms 
with dignity and reserve.) 

V. REV. — ( Seated , in a loud voice ) — 
Bring* him in, men ! ( Four servants pant in, 
lugging by the feet a large man ivhose 
monstrous back cleans the dust off the floor, 
blit whose tawny head is so firmly planted 
on a footstool that the footstool is carried 
right along. The servants drop his feet at 
the foot of the throne, and scamper out. The 
large gentleman lies contentedly, his head 
raised on the footstool.) 


( Silence and severity.) 

LARGE GENTLEMAN — I say, my pipe? 

V. REV. — Your pipe, dribble, I am about 
to prophecy your future. 

LARGE GENTLEMAN— I have no fu- 
ture without my pipe. 

V. REV. — ( Suspiciously ) — My knees, my 
sacred knees! Your voice is like that of a 

Papist I once knew — a certain Chesterton. 


V. REV. — Tush, be grammatical. 

G. K. — Before you, I had rather be hum- 
ble. But my pipe? 

LUTHER {He and Calvin have been 
standing rigidly on either side of the V. 
Rev.) — One of the brethren took his pipe 
when he was captured. . I will give him the 
cigar that Henry gave me the day he di- 
vorced himself. ( Pulls frowzy black cigar 
out of the crevice between the padding and 
the back of his seat, 'runs down the steps, 
pokes cigar in Chesterton’s mouth, lights 
cigar, mutters “Don’t smoke, myself,” and 
nins back up to his place.) 

V. REV. — {Meditatively) — And I thought 
we had captured the last Papist. 

G. K — So did Cromwell. 

V. REV. — Well, if we haven’t, I have at 
least settled the future of Papacity. 

G. K.— Where? 

V. REV. — In a dignified and distinguished 
American monthly. 

G. K. — Ah, I remember. You referred to 
the improbability of “America being swamp- 
ed with low-grade Catholic immigrants.” 

V. REV. — I believe so. {Indifferently.) 

G. K. — Forgetting, apparently, that one 
cannot be an immigrant without being a 
Catholic. You may be an itinerant, an 
egocentric, or almost anything else But 
you can’t be an immigrant unless a Cath- 
olic, because immigration is an entering in- 
to something, and the essence of your sects 
outside of Catholicism is the leaving of 
everything behind them. Which may be all 
very well, but it is not immigration. 

V. REV. — Pure quibbling. 

G. K. — To a quibbler, {flicking ashes from 
cigar) yes. 

V. REV. — You are imperious. You mani- 
fest what I have called that “spiritual ar- 
rogance which gives so much satisfaction 
to Catholics.” 



G. K. — Arrogance becomes the spiritual 
— particularly arrogance toward the flesh. 

V. REV. — Of which you appear to have 

G. K. — But, as you see, I lay it low. 

Y. REV. — -'Twill be lower yet. You are 
at present a man whom only a miracle could 
save. . . and you will remember that in my 
article I proved the ridiculousness of mira- 

G. K. — Then that was a miracle. 

V. REV. — And I proved that your “re- 
ligion of magic ” 

G. K. — The Wise Men were called Magi. 

V. REV. — {Scorning interruption) — 
“*. ... of magic, miracle, and idolatry cannot 
succeed in the twentieth century.” It 
makes no attempt to come to terms with 
science and humanism. 

G. K. — And must God bow before His 
own laws, my dear Dean? Must He ask 
science what He may or may not do ? 
( Crossing his knees with unaccustomed en- 
ergy.) If God would appear to Moses on a 
mountain top must He first consult the law 
of gravity? If God' is not above the little 
standards of His own creation, then only is 
religion not independent of science. Are 
the words of Christ, “Blessed are they that 
hunger and thirst after justice” to be re- 
futed by the “Eat, drink, and be merry, 
for tomorrow you may die” of your human- 
ist? You say we must come to terms with 
humanism. Do you mean that to become 
divine we must be human? Do you mean 
that the' road to heaven is the pathway of 
the flesh? 

V. REV. — {Haughtily) — I mean that God 
does not want us to be ignorant and un- 

G. K. — And you are wrong, for it is ig- 
norance that has made saints, not learning 
— ignorance of their ego, ignorance of the 
mean bow by which atheists pay homage 
before altars made in their own images. 
As for unreasonableness, what is it? To 
you it is an opinion different from yours. . . 

V. REV. — {After sneezing by design) — 
Tut, tut. The very popularity of a man 
like Eucken, who upbraids Catholicism 

CALVIN {Interrupting eagerly) — Who 
was that? 

V. REV. — Eucken. Yoo-ken. 

CALVIN— Oo-ken? 

V. REV. — No. Yoo-ken. Why do you 
ask, John ? 

CALVIN — Because some patriotic Amer- 
icans have asked me to recommend a new 
text-book in theology. I’m sure Ooken 
will do very well. 

V. REV. — Mind you spell it correctly, 
-John. It’s E-u-c-k-e-n. 

CALVIN — Yes, your reverence. 

V. REV. {Glancing at the comfortable 
and recumbent form of Chesterton below 
him) — And why. Papist, do you lie thus, 
if not as a sign of the fall and decay of 
Rome ? 

G. IC — I would be humble before your 
prophecies, Very Reverend Dean. And I 
would be like the man on the desert who lies 
on the ground till the sand-storm is past. 

V. REV. — Or like an ostrich with his 
head in the ground? 

G. Iv. — {Sending a big round puff of 
smoke to the ceiling) — But my head is 
raised on this footstool, as you see. And 
most appropriately, for a footstool is no 
more made for feet than a toadstool is for 
toads. A footstool is an instrument of God. 
He made it so that the man who was fallen 
might keep his head out of the dust. But 
man proudly tried to shove his head as high 
as the God-head, and made the poorly little 
Christian headstool a footstool, that his 
height might be higher and his pride 
prouder. That is one way in which some 
so-called Christians have become fools. They 
have used footstools for their feet instead 
of for their heads. 

V. REV. {Flicking a fly from his ermine) 
We have much business for prophesying to- 
day, and no time for nonsense. So I will 
now prophecy about you and the .Papists. 
Are you ready? 

G. K. — Wait a minute {Adjusting foot- 
stool.) All right. 

V. REV. — I see the imminent fall of the 

G. K. {Interrupting) — Dear dean, but a 
moment. Before I am judged and found 
wanting may I tell a yarn? 

V. REV.— {Sternly)— No ! 

G. K. — {Blowing a strong column of 



smoke into Calvin’s face ) — Just a little one. 

V. REV. ( Magnanimously ) — Well, be 

G. Iv. — There was once a man who had 
a dream. In the dream a red bull chased 
him up a mountain and boosted him down 
into the valley from the top. It was a pain- 
ful dream. Next morning as the man was 
walking down the road he saw a dark speck 
coming toward him. “It’s not a bull,” he 
said bravely, and walked on. But a few 
moments later he saw that it was, surely, 
a bull. “It’s not a red bull,” he said, “it’s 
a white one.” The dark object came closer, 
and again the man assured himself, “It’s a 
white bull.” Closer, closer, came the bull, 
dark red and ferocious looking. “ You’re a 
white bull!” shouted the man. The bull 
stopped and looked at the man. “White 
bull ! White bull !” cried the man, in a frenzy. 
Then the big red bull rushed for the man, 
and gored him. When we picked him up 
his red ecclesiastical robes were in shreds. 

V. REV. — There’s no meaning to it. 

LUTHER — Maybe it was a papal bull. I 
had a light with one once. 

V. REV. — Poppycock. I must get on 

with my prophesying. 

CALVIN — The hour grows late, very rev- 
erend, and I’m tired of standing. 

G. K. — Then use a footstool, dear Calvin, 
a footstool. 

V. REV. — Enough of banter, or my 

prophecy will be stale. As I have said, I 
see Rome in collapse. . . . the Nordics tri- 
umphant. . . . the Irish turned good Presby- 
terians. . . . (At this moment a wild-eyed 
servant rushes in and throws himself at the 
feet of the V. Rev. W. R. Inge.) 

SERVANT' — Very reverend, 0 master, I 
have bad news. 

V. REV. ( Clenching his hands on his 
breast, and taking courage from the bare 
ceiling ) — Speak speak. 

SERVANT — He of our brethren who took 
the pipe from the captured Papist has now 
gone and. . . . (hesitates ) . 

V. REV.— Speak. . . . 

SERVANT — turned Papist. 

horror ) — Shades of Henry. (A moment of 
hard silence. Then the V. Rev. unclenches 
his fists and acts with decision. He seizes 
the telephone with the neatly engraved card 
on it, which says succinctly, “ Jove and 
Other Connections.” He jangles the re- 

V. REV. — I want Jove yes, Jove. 

Hello — that you Jove? This is Inge, your 
Prophet. Now see what’s happened. You 
could have avoided the whole thing if you 
had taken my advice about abolishing all 
forms of tobacco and. . . . 

G. K. (Dreamily) — Footstools. . . . 


The Knave of Hearts 

A black-haired maid, framed by the moon. 
Sat on the balustrade, 

But stopped her lilting, jazzy tune, 

And said, quite unafraid, 

“I see a thief no longer wears 
A mask, and where’s your gun? 

I always thought they worked in pairs — 
But — maybe you’re not one?” 

“I come, madame, to steal your heart. 

If that is burglary, 

Although, I think it is an art — 

So be it, thief I’ll be.” 




Henry Edward Manning 


H enry edward manning was 

England’s greatest Cardinal since 
Wolsey. He was one of the greatest 
men of the many great men of the nine- 
teenth century. Receiving his office at a 
time when the Catholic faith in England 
was reviving, he had just the qualities of 
administrative ability, stern will, and suave 
confidence to give the Cardinalship its old 

But because he made a good Cardinal, he 
makes a poor saint. His sincerity is ques- 
tioned, and to ambition and love or adula- 
tion are ascribed some of the purest motives 
of his life. 

Truly his good was interred with his 
bones, and men only keep the memory of a 
severe, tight-lipped prelate, dominating 
others, and compelling them to do as they 
did not want to do, by the force of his 
position, and by his very strong will. They 
remember his wilfulness, his sarcasm, his 
belligerent nature, and forget his charity 
and his kind heart. He was greatly misun- 
derstood, and men are only slowly losing the 
resentfulness they hold towards Manning, 
and are but slowly learning to love him. 
Shakespeare’s tribute to Wolsey might well 
be reapplied to Henry Edward Manning: 

“The Cardinal 

Was fashioned to much honour from his cradle; 
He was a scholar and a ripe and good one; 
Exceeding' wise, fair-spoken and persuading; 
Lofty and sour to them that loved him not; 

But to those men that sought him sweet as sum- 

An account of Henry Edward Manning’s 
personality is an explanation of many con- 
trasts and contradictions. He could be 
harsh, when he was resisted. He could be 
kind and gentle when the heat of the battle 
cooled. In the many conflicts his career 
brought him, he could sweep over adver- 
saries with a ruthless disregard of their sen- 
timents, and could overwhelm them with a 
ferocity that brought him their hatred. 
Once convinced that he was right, he at- 
tacked with all his power. 

You speak of many-sided men! Here was 

a man who all his life was the very personi- 
fication of versatility. He was an able 
Churchman, a masterful diplomatist, a man 
of letters, a wise student of sociology; he 
won the respect, by his talents and accom- 
plishments, of kings and statemen, of scien- 
tists and men of letters. And withal, he 
was a very holy man. He mingled with 
the world, shouldered its burdens and helped 
fight its battles. He became a fiery, mili- 
tant leader of a rejuvenated faith in Eng- 

Henry Cardinal Manning, was born at 
Totteridge, Hertford, England, July 15, 
1808. He was of a family which referred 
its origin back to the Norman Conquest. 
His mother, who was Irish, was the second 
wife of William Manning, a banker, later 
Governor of the Bank of England, and later 
a tragic bankrupt. The Manning line 
boasted of an escutcheon, and was mention- 
ed' in Burke’s “Peerage." 

At the age of ten. Manning went to Har- 
row School. Among his schoolmates were 
a number who were to distinguish them- 
selves as ecclesiastics. The Headmaster at 
the school, a Dr. George Butler, an unusual 
character, made a deep impress on the 
young Manning. The pedagogue was an ec- 
centric, nervous man, with splendid princi- 
ples. “He impressed character more than 
scholarship on his boys.” Manning was a 
robust youth, and was active in all the 
sports. His crowning glory was his eleva- 
tion to the captaincy of the cricket team. 
Years after he was to cherish this honor 
more than some of his greatest triumphs. 

In 1826 Manning entered Oxford. The 
next few years were to be years of the 
hardest intellectual labor. Here, too, as at 
Harrow, he won recognition as a debater. 
Gladstone was a fellow student, and the 
friendship between them was to last, with 
more or less firmness, all through life. It 
was odd that while at Oxford, Gladstone, 
and not Manning, was regarded as the com- 
ing Churchman. Manning was not all re- 
ligious, and Gladstone was “the sober and 
sound young man.” Manning’s ability in 
debating completely eclipsed the future lead- 
ing statesman of England. The following 
lines, from a letter of his to his closest 



friend and adviser, William Anderson, are 
very revealing- of liis character, and his at- 
titude toward the future : “Hang me, -Jack, 
if I do anything by halves. Hereafter I will 
endeavor to be Caesar; I know I can be 
Nullus. But never will I be Nullo-Caesar, 
which is an amalgam of craving ambition 
and yielding softness, inadequate exertion 
and harassed tranquility. Just enough to 
make one miserable, and too little of the 
other to succeed in any attempt.” As a stu- 
dent he was ambitious and enterprising; he 
was imaginative, and he had introspection 
to see and weigh his faults and his short- 

His career at Oxford was followed by a 
period of doubt as to what profession he 
should enter. His interests had been polit- 
ical more than religious. . The real clew, 
perhaps, to his ultimate selection was his 
friendship with a Miss Bevan. She was a 
pious and gifted lady, who was, in a really 
large way, to shape Manning’s later career. 
She set out to save Manning’s soul. The 
Henry Manning at Oxford had been worldly 
and not at all religious. Governments and 
nations and peoples meant more to him than 
ecclesiastical things. The indifference to 
holy things which had worried him at Har- 
row had become a chronic thing. But by 
Christmas of the year 1881, Miss Bevan 
could write: “Henry Manning is in the 

bands of One who can guide by His counsel 
and fit for His own work by His Spirit. 
Who knows but that after being tempest- 
tossed for a season he may seek the services 
of his Master?” 

In January, 1838, Manning, now an An- 
glican minister, accepted an obscure Sussex 
curacy, at Lavington. His years at Laving- 
ton were years of effort and sacrifice, but 
he found here a peace and an opportunity 
for reflection that made Lavington dear to 
him in after life. Long after his departure 
for a career in the big world outside, the 
yeomen of Sussex, sequestered in their lone- 
ly meads, remembered the tall, thin-faced 
man who labored among them. The legend 
of Manning was to survive among them for 
many years. Here he married, and here he 
lost his beloved wife. There came to him 
at Lavington those first doubts as to his 

faith. Here the fearful inner struggle took 
place. Manning always held Lavington dear 
to his heart. When he bade it goodbye, it 
was a touching farewell. 

Gladstone and Newman, it can be safely 
said, were the most important characters 
in the life of Cardinal Manning. The rela- 
tion of both to him was interesting. Glad- 
stone accompanied him along the first steps 
in their examination of the Anglican faith, 
and their leanings toward Catholicism. 
Gladstone promised, and broke his promise, 
while Manning continued to follow the path 
lighted by the lamp of Truth. Manning al- 
ways afterward insisted that Gladstone was 
guilty of a breach of faith. Newman and 
Manning were naturally irreconcilable to 
each other. Their minds were of different 
casts ; they were exactly different from each 
other on questions that called for individual- 
ity. This barrier to compatibility was a 
source of sorrow to both, but it could not be 
razed. The two great Churchmen continued 
their irreeonciliation to the end. Ultimate 
harmony of mind and thought for them 
was impossible. 

The Oxford Movement had brought about 
the conversion of Newman. Anglicans 
feared the reaction, and Manning, now the 
sturidest of Anglican Churchmen, became 
the oak of the storm. But the oak was to 
fall soon enough. The old subject of ritual- 
ism presaged the metamorphosis in Man- 
ning’s views. In 1847 he began what proved 
to be a journey of utmost importance to 
Rome. It was a leisurely trip in search of 
health. The trip brought much solid reflec- 
tion, but no immediate result. It eventually 
brought him the health he really sought, 
health to an ailing soul. Doubts of Angli- 
canism were crystalized and Roman Catholic 
conviction succeeded. His conversion took 
place in April, of the year 1851. Ten 
weeks later he was ordained a priest. He 
deemed his active life was. brought to a 
close but he was mistaken in this, and very 
greatly mistaken. 

For twenty-five years Manning served as 
spiritual leader of Catholic England. These 
years brought multitudes of trials and hard 
experiences, which put the man to a severe 
test. The positive proof of his ability and 



sterling- metal was at length unquestioned. 
He attained the Primacy of England, and 
became Cardinal to the whole world. He 
was the first to measure accurately the force 
of- Catholic democracy. He was one of the 
first to condemn Prussianism, and the evils 
of military autocracy. He was the friend 
of the poor, and the champion of the op- 
pressed. As Cardinal, so zealous was he for 
the help of the needy in the London slums, 
that he never could afford to build a cathe- 

Henry Edward Manning’s life was one of 
many accomplishments and personal tri- 
umphs. Through his sole endeavor, almost, 
the opposition of a faction in the College 
of Cardinals to the doctrine of Infallibility, 
was overcome. He used his great influence 
in helping the cause of Ireland, and the op- 
pressed island found him a valuable friend. 
Manning’s work among the poorer Catholics 
of London was far-reaching in its effects 

and results. He built up a school system, the 
educational system of the London Catholic 
schools today having his as a basis. One of 
the most outstanding and signal triumphs 
in his life was his successful arbitration of 
the London dockworker’s strike. When all 
other measures had failed, the aged prelate 
was called to settle the difference, and his 
wisdom brought the desired result. 

Cardinal Manning was a wonderful, won- 
derful man. He had his faults; he knew he 
had them, but his good qualities far out- 
weighed these. He was one of the kindest 
and most thoughtful of man, the most benev- 
olent, the most tender-hearted. Manning 
was strong, strong in mind and soul. He 
was a great and original thinker. He was 
a born ecclesiastic, and it was as if Provi- 
dence had chosen him to be the man to lead 
Catholic England out of its dark night into 
its glorious and unfading day. 


Even though I might, I would not want to be 
Perfect as you are; 

For our two lives would be as two perfect melodies 
Played together. 

They would be harsh, and disonant. 

For you are a perfect melody; 

So let me be the humble counterpoint. 

And our two lives shall sing and live 
A perfect symphony. 






Ernest Boyd is writing for Harper’s Magazine a 
series of papers bearing the general title, “A New- 
Way with Old Masters.” The first of these on 
“William Shakespeare” appeared in the February 
number. It is explained that the series is “an 
effort to rescue our great classic writers from that 
academic veneration in which they have been en- 
shrouded and then neglected, and to show their 
enduring interest and appeal when sensibly ap- 


In the new book of Rev. Edward F. Garesche, 
S. J., “The Training of Writers,” the learned 
Jesuit aims to be helpful to those who write, and 
he is successful in carrying out his design. 

$ * 

In “Followers of St. Francis,” by Lawrence 
Housman, are contained four plays of the Early 
Franciscan legend. Their titles are: “Cure of 

Souls,” “Lover’s Meeting,” “The Fool’s Errand,” 
and “The Last Disciple.” 

“The Bookman’s Glossary” is a compendium of 
information relating to the production and distri- 
bution of books. The author is John A. Holden. 
Nearly the whole of the book is filled by the gloss- 
ary, in which about one thousand terms are de- 
fined and their use explained. 

. “A Study of War” by Admiral. Sir Reginald Cus- 
tance reflects the author’s theory of war. For the 
German doctrine of the so-called “will to power,” 
he substitutes the British doctrine of the “will to 

$ $ $ $ $ 

Prof. Stephen Leacock recently described modern 
fiction as being in a bad state. He compared the 
fiction of today with that of a century ago. The 
old love stories came in for a particular criticism — 
“in the month of June with the birds singing, the 
girl always self-reliant and the hero all boots and 
feet, but terribly brave.” Today, he said, the hero 
and heroine ai-e always married before the story 
begins, doing away with that old-time ending of 
wedding bells and “living happily ever after.” 

Little, Brown and Co. announce as the most im- 
portant novel on the spring list, “Soundings,” by 
A. Hamilton Gibbs. Major Gibbs is a brother of 
Sir Philip Gibbs and of Cosmo Hamilton. 


“The Carolinian” is Rafael Sabatini’s new novel. 
It is a story with an American setting and an 
American hero. The year of the story is 1774 and 
the black clouds of the Revolution darken the sun- 
ny landscape. Harry Latimer, a young planter, 
espouses the cause of the rebels, and by so doing, 
he loses his financee, Myrtle, and loses also the 
friendship of her choleric old father. His subse- 
quent adventures are set against the vivid back- 
ground of the Revolution. 

The first publication of the newly organized In- 
ternational Publishers Company will be a volume 
of eleven stories translated from the Russian, re- 
presenting the work of a group of young writers 
who have come to the front since the Russian revo- 

A group of portraits of the Italian Renaissance 
is published by Brentano’s under the title of “Bea- 
trice D’Este and Her Court.” It is translated 
from the French of Robert de la Sizeranne by one, 
Captain N. Fleming. 

$ ^ ^ 

Mr. Edward Bok’s latest effort is called “Twice 
Thirty: Some Short and Simple Annals of the 

Road.” These short and simple annals run on 

for five hundred and twenty-four pages. An in- 
teresting document republished in this book is a 

letter of advice to soldiers about to leave for 
overseas service which Mr. Bok is said to have 
written. “I tvould be mighty wary,” he advises, 
“in those play hours, of the wines of France. A 
man never needs alcohol in his being, and he never 
needs it so little as when he is up against the 
‘trick’ that you and your fellows are going to ‘put 
over’ in France.” This is the best joke we can 
think of with which to close. 

*»' -*» 

The editor of “ Book Leaves” will publish 
any contributed book review of merit. 




Thomas W. Coman 

James E. Armstrong 


In the absence of a correct solution to last 
■week’s Notty Problem we have awarded the hand- 
some prize to ourselves. 

Here's the Problem — If the B m t, put more: 
Ans. — If the “grate be” empty, put more “coal 

N D S 

Buck : ( Deer, Male) 

The Liberal Arts seniors at Illinois are carrying 
candy canes to spite the seniors in the Law school, 
who have reserved to themselves the privilege of 
carrying ordinary canes. Isn’t it about time for 
the annual spring controversy to begin here? I 
think the situation at Illinois is perfectly sweet — 
so typically collegiate. Heba (A male Sheba) 

.v n s 

I’d like to be a little kid 
And sit on papa’s knee. 

So every time he’d bounce me up 
A thousand stars I’d see. 

I’d like to be a college guy 
With pants twelve inches wide. 

So when I’d get excited much 
I’d crawl in them and hide. 

I’d like to be a little rime 
In the center of a big verse 
So Scribblers could argue 
Which of us was worse. 

I’d like to write a decent line 
To finish off this hash, 

Alas ’twould only put to shame 
The rest of this printed trash! 

— Aristotle II. 

A' D s 

Father O’Hara reports a heavy attendance at 
the Novena for a happy marriage. It seems that 
the younger generation will never learn. At any 
rate, they’re starting the wrong thing right. 


Dear Mail: 

In a criticism of the “Rivals,” it was mentioned 
that Sheridan’s works could never grow old be- 
cause they were never new. Your jokes will live. 

The Fourth Blind Mouse. 

Joe Burke: (In Library) I’d like to get a war 
novel — some Boyd wrote it. 

Librarian: (Knowing “Fighting Joe” Boike’s 

geographical derivation) Don’t you know the 
author’s name? 

iV D s 

I’d always thought they were doves. 

But now I find the’re eagles, 

So I suppose heraldic lions 
Must look like a brace of beagles. 

— e. g. 

N- D s 

The Mail: 

I am writing this surrounded by peril. No one 
must know. If they find me out, I am lost. 
Promise that you will never tell on me. Guard 
the secret with your lives. Before you divulge it 
even to the chosen, extract from them a vow of 
secrecy. If the officials learn of it, your liberty is 
imperilled. Knowing that any moment may be 
my last, I must hasten to confide in you. Heed 
my warnings. Know, then, that Tuesday is St. 
Patrick’s Day. 

False Peter (English of Shamrock) 
N D S 


If you are a bird 

Fly high, fly high, 

No tellin’ when you’re 
Goin’ to die. 

If you are drinker. 

Look well, look well. 

For many a drinker 
Thirsted in 

If you are a man 
Walk fast, walk fast. 

The beans get cold 
Toward the last. 

If you are a fish 
Swim deep, swim deep. 

And don’t forget 
To look then leap! 

— Aristotle II. 




Coach Keogan’s Notre Dame basketball 
team dedicated the new gymnasium at Co- 
lumbia college, Dubuque, Iowa, by defeating' 
Eddie Anderson’s quintet, 44 to 25, Friday 
night, March 6. 

Notre Dame, after trimming the Aggies 
in masterly fashion, picked up their stride 
again at Dubuque and ran through Ander- 
son’s light but fast quintet for an over- 
whelming score. The count at the half 
stood, 31 to 13. After waiting more than 
half an hour for the second half to start, 
while the dedicatory speeches were being 
delivered, the Irish returned and played 
the Westerners basket for basket. 

Nyikos registered eight field goals and 
was ably assisted by McNally and Crowe 
with four and three field counters each. 
Kizer and Conroy counted for two goals 

The gymnasium, with a seating capacity 
of 3000 and costing a sum well up in six 
figures, was filled to capacity. 

Notre Dame Columbia 

Crowe F White 

McNally F Morgan 

Nyikos C Kellogg 

Kizer G Dorsey 

Conroy G Smith 

Mahoney F 

Field goals — Notre Dame — Crowe 3; McNally 3; 
Nyikos 8; Kizer 2; Conroy 2; Mahoney 1. 

Columbia — White 4; Morgan 2; Kellogg, Dor- 
sey 2. 

Free throws — Notre Dame — Crowe, McNally, 
Nyikos, Kizer 2; Conroy. 

Columbia — White 4; Morgan and Kellogg. 

Referee — Young; umpire, Norr. 


The Wisconsin Badgers, entertaining the 
Notre Dame track team on the Madison 
track, Friday night, March 6, evened the 
score for the football drubbing of last fall, 
by defeating the Blue and Gold runners, 61 
to 24. 

Notre Dame was able to take only two 
first places, Paul Harrington going over in 
the pole vault at 12 feet, 6 inches, and 
Wayne Cox winning the half mile. Mil- 
bauer who has won the shot put in two 
dual meets this season, lost to Schwartz, 
Wisconsin’s premier weight man. The Bad- 
ger tossed the shot 45 feet,l 1-2 inches. Bo- 
land of Notre Dame took second place. 

Summary of the events: 

40-yard dash— McAndrews (W.) first; Layden 
N. D., second; Riley N. D., third. Time: 4 2-5 sec- 
onds ties record. 

Pole vault — Harrington. N. D., first; Carey N. D., 
Schmidt (W.), and Krieger (W.), tied for second. 
Height: 12 feet 6 inches. 

One mile run — Bergstresser (W.) first; Shutt 
(W.) second; Cassidy (W) third. Time 4 min- 
utes, 33 2-5 seconds. 

40 yard high hurdles — McGinnis (W.) first; 
Roberts (W.) second; Casey (N. D.) third. Time: 
5 2-5 seconds. 

Shot put — Schwartz (W.) first; Boland (N. D.) 
second; Milbauer (N. D.) third. Distance 45 feet 
1 1-2 inches. 

High jump — McGinnis (W.) first; Tustar (W.) 
and Robei’ts (W.) tied for second. Height: 6 feet 
4 inches. 

440 yard dash, Kennedy (W.) first; Flueck (W.) 
second; McTiernan (N. D. third. Time 53 3-5 
seconds. New record. 

Two mile run, Kubby (W.) first; Wendland (N. 
D.) second; Piper, (W.) third. Time, 9 minutes 
49 4-5 seconds. New record. 

Half mile run — Cox (N. D.) first; Carter (W.) 
second; Vallely (W.) third. Time, 2 minutes 2 1-5 

One mile relay — won by Wisconsin, (Hill, Flueck, 
Kennedy, Hilberts). Time 3 minutes, 35 2-5 sec- 
onds. New record. 




James Crowley, Notre Dame’s All-Amer- 
ican left half-back and member of the Four 
Horsemen backfield, returned to Notre 
Dame this week to appear in the official 
football picture of the team of 1924. Crow- 
ley’s visit is the first since he was forced 
to leave school at the beginning of the year, 
due to a serious illness. 

The football picture taken in the gym- 
nasium brought together for the last time, 
Notre Dame’s national champion football 
team. It was the first complete reunion of 
the brilliant array of gridiron that eclipsed 
all football history by defeating Stanford on 
New Year’s Day after completing the regu- 
lar schedule untied and undefeated. 

Jimmy Crowley appeared with Layden, 
Stuhldreher and Don Miller in the Student 
Varieties show on Wednesday night, and 
the great half-back was accorded one of the 
greatest ovations ever tendered a gridiron 
idol. The student body in the audience ap- 
plauded Crowley’s appearance on the stage 
for several minutes and at the close of the 
act, vainly cheered for his return. 


Playing the last game of the season, the Notre 
Dame basketball team defeated Loyola 19-11, at 
Chicago, March 7. The local five von a decision 
ever the Chicagoans early in the season, and the 
final game found Notre Dame toying with the ball 
and piling up the count almost at random. 

Nyikos, Crowe and McNally, the ever-depend- 
able forward trio, led the Notre Dame attack. Nyi- 
kos registered two field goals at the start of hos- 
tilities that put Notre Dame in the lead,, never 
to be threatened thereafter. The game marked the 
last appearance in college sports of Capt. Noble 
Kizer and Phil Mahoney. 

Line-up and summary: 




McNally _ _ 





. _ Conelly 

Kizer _ _ 


Deni in 




Field goals — Nyikos 1, McNally 

2, Crowe 2. 

Conroy 1, McGraw 

2, Schack 2, Wiatrock 1. 

Foul goals — Nyikos 1, Conelly 1. 


Joseph Dienhart of Lafayette, Ind., a 
junior in Commerce, was elected captain of 
the Notre Dame basketball team of 1926 to 
succeed Noble Kizer, at a meeting of the 
monogram cagers, Wednesday, March 11. 

Dienhart had played forward with the 
Irish quintet all during the past season and 
part of the season of 1924. He is also a 
football guard, being awarded an “N. D. 
A. A.,” at the close of the 1924 gridiron 
season. He will be available for football 
next fall, and should prove to be one of 
Roekne’s most dependable linemen. Dien- 
hart’s ascendancy to the pilot position of 
the basketball team gives Lafayette the dis- 
tinction of claiming two athletic captains 
at the University of Notre Dame. Clem 
Crowe, captain-elect of the 1926 football 
team, is also a resident of Lafayette. 


Spring football practice at Notre Dame 
was officially opened last Wednesday after- 
noon when Coach Rockne met his squad of 
200 candidates on the practice field for the 
first time this year. Rockne was assisted 
in the first workout by many of the veteran 
gridders who will be graduated and by Cap- 
tain-elect, Clem Crowe. 

The baseball team, under the direction of 
Coach George Keogan, has taken over the 
gymnasium for preparatory practice while 
awaiting the improvement of the weather 

The Notre Dame baseball club will start 
south for the annual training trip on April 
8, and the Notre Dame coach is endeavoring 
to give as much training as possible before 
that time. The southern clubs will have 
a distinct advantage over the northern 
clubs in the fact that they already have 
favorable weather conditions in which to 
train outdoors. 

The mile relay team will enter the Cleve- 
land scholastic track meet on March 21, and 
will go to Houston, Texas, on March 28. 
The outdoor track season will open on April 
18 at the Ohio relays. 




Harry Stuhldreher, quarterback on the 
championship 1924 Notre Dame football 
eleven, has signed a contract to coach the 
Villa Nova College grid team for three 
years. The amount involved was not stated. 
He will succeed “Dutch” Sommers whose 
contract expired this year. 

Stuhldreher, picked unanimously by sport 
critics for the quarter position on All-Amer- 
ican grid teams in 1924, will finish his stud- 
ies at Notre Dame university next June. 
It is expected that he will attend a coaching 
school, probably one of Rockne’s during the 
summer and wall proceed to Villa Nova in 
September to assume control of the early 

As field general of the nationally famous 
“Four Horsemen,” Stuhldreher came to be 
known as a “second Rockne” and critics 
predict the same success for this plucky lit- 
tle quarter as head of the Villa Nova coach- 
ing staff as that which marked his career 
at Notre Dame. 


Final preparations are being completed 
for the annual interhall swimming meet to 
be held in the University tank the evening 
of March 20. The recent announcement by 
Coach Goss, that a trophy will be awarded 
by the Athletic Board to the winning hall 
and that gold, silver and bronze medals 'will 
be given to the first three men in each 
event, has given an added impetus to the in- 
terest centering in the meet. 

The contest will consist of eight events 
including the 40 yard free-style, 100 yard 
free-style, 200 yard free-style, 40 yard back- 
stroke, 40 yard breast-stroke, 160 yard re- 
lay (four men, each to swim 40 yards), 
plunge for distance and fancy diving. In 
each of these events the three winners will 
be awarded medals for which they will com- 
pete as individuals. But the placing of the 
contestants will be counted on a basis of 
five points for first place, three points for 
second place and one point for third place. 
These scores will be added to the total of 

the various halls to decide the winner of the 

Coach Goss will hold an elimination meet 
in the University tank on March 19. This 
null be done to narrow the list of contes- 
tants in each event to the three best men, 
thereby insuring the finals of being fast 
and of a high order. Anyone wishing to 
enter the interhall meet should see one of 
the following men before March 17, the last 
day that entries wall be received for the 
contest; Rhodes, Carroll, McCaffery, Fresh- 
man ; Royce, Sophomore ; McKiernan, Corby ; 
Alvarez, Walsh; Hudson, Brownson; Rod- 
gers or McLaughlin, Badin; Weibel, Sorin; 
and Bryckzynski, Day. 

The only men ineligible for this meet are 
those who have earned a monogram or nu- 
meral in swimming or are members of the 
swimming team. The men announced by 
Coach Goss as ineligible are Weibel, Royce, 
McCaffery, Alvarez, Rhodes, McKiernan, 
McLaughlin, Bryckynski, Seivers, Houpert, 
Hudson, Rodgers, Corey and Graves. 

Carroll Hall is conceded to have a slight 
edge on most of the other halls, and at the 
present time is considered as the probable 
winner of the inter-hall trophy. However, 
Freshman Hall will make a strong bid for 
the winning honors, and in pursuing the 
CaiTollites will be hard pressed by the Day 
Dogs who boast of several tankmen of con- 
siderable merit. Badin and Walsh are also 
expected to make a strong showing. The 
number of contestants registered for the' 
meet has insured the success of the affair. 


The Notre Dame freshmen took an indoor dual 
track and field meet from Culver Military academy 
by a score of 62 1-2 to 32 1-2, Saturday, March 7. 

The superiority of the collegians was most ap- 
parent in the track events, the cadets scoring but 
one first place on the track, while Notre Dame 
scored a slam in the half mile. The cadets gath- 
ered a majority of the points in the vault and 
broad jump, winning all three places in the latter 

Lahey of Notre Dame was the outstanding per- 
former of the afternoon, winning the 220 yard dash 
in 25 2-5 seconds and taking first in the high jump 
with a jump of 5 feet 9 inches. The mile run 
developed into a pretty race between Gilmore of 
Culver and Phelan of Notre Dame, the latter win- 
ning by a scant yard. 




Some idea of the progress of the Notre 
Dame swimming team may be had by a 
comparison of the tank records of the squad 
for 1925 and those that were made last 
year, the first season that swimming was of- 
ficially sponsored at the University. The 
majority of the new marks were made in 
the regular weekly inter-team meets held 
in the University tank. Only one record 
remains from last year, that established by 
Fuite in the 40-yard back-stroke. 

The records for 1925 are: 

40-yard free-style in 19:1 seconds by Brykczynski. 
100-yard free-style in 60:2 by Hudson. 

220-yard free-style in 2-39:0 minutes by McCaffery. 
100-yard back-stroke in 1-25:3 by Fuite. 

100-yard breast-stroke in 1-16:0 by Rhodes. 
40-yard back-stroke in 26:2 by Fuite. 

40-yard breast-stroke in 24:4 by Rhodes. 

200-yard breast-stroke in 3-5:4 by McKiernan. 
Plunge for distance 60 feet in 26:1 seconds by 

A new mark in the relay has not been 
attempted as yet, but Coach Goss announced 
that the squad would try for a new record 
before disbanding for the year. 

The records for 1924 were: 

40-yard free-style in 21:1 seconds by Weibel. 
40-yard back-stroke in 26:2 seconds by Fuite. 
40-yard breast-stroke in 26 and 7-10 sec. by Rhodes. 
100-yard free-style in 1-4:1 by Alvarez. 

220-yard free-style in 2-56:3 by Anderburg. 

200-yard breast-stroke in 3-18:1 by Fogarty. 
Plunge for distance 41 feet in 60 seconds by Sei- 

160-yard relay in 1-25:5-10 minutes by Baiers, 
Alvarez, . Terhune, and Corey. 


By Ban O’Neill 

With Krauser running wild, the Civil En- 
gineers defeated the Mechanicals, 36-6. 
Playing like a Crowe or a Nyikos, he gar- 
nered ten goals from the field, a sufficient 
number of points to win many a ball game. 
Bradley played in his customary stellar 
fashion emplyoing to good advantage his 
ability to dribble through the opposition. 
Hood did well at the guard position, gather- 
ing three field goals and otherwise showing 
basketball ability. 

In spiite of a handicap in weight the 

losers put up a much better fight than the 
scores would indicate, Cavalle, Reilly, and 
Campbell handling a large percentage of 
their team’s work. They showed to some 
degree the lack of training which their op- 
ponents experienced in previous games. 

Lineup : 

Civils Mechanicals 






The present standings: 






_ Cavelle, Browne 


_ Maiguet, Eggert 



AVon Lost Percent 

3 0 1000 

2 1 ' 667 

__1 2 333 

__1 2 333 

__0 2 000 


AVith a fast running attack, employing Repasky 
as a nucleus, the Chemicals defeated the Civil En- 
gineers in a net battle scoring 31 points to the 
Civils’ 15. Repasky, small but exceedingly rapid, 
was the individual whose astronomical qualities 
dazzled the opposition into submission. His marvel- 
ous accuracy and floor work sent the Chemists’ 
cheering section* into a delirious uproar. Miller 
functioned well on both offensive and defensive 
play while Foohey, a newcomer, handled himself 
in able fashion at the guard position. 

Krauser was high point man for the Civils gar- 
nering baskets from all positions, while Bradley 
and Herlihy shone on the defense. The lineup: 

Civils Chemicals 

Poggiani, Gonzales Miller 

Bradley Repasky 

Krauser Mootz 

Herlihy Foohey 

Hood, Bergeron Kaiser 

The Electrical Engineers remain undefeated as 
yet and appearances indicate that they will acquire 
the flag. 

The Chemicals emerged victors in their annual 
struggle with the Pre-Medics, 14-11. The game 
was fast and hard played, the big feature being 
the excellent guarding of both sides. The lineup: 

Pre-Medics Chemicals 

Lukas Repasky 

Lane - O’Connor 

Arnett Simonin, Mootz 

Mayer Field 

Alt, Petrone Kaiser 

* The Scholastic reporter counted twelve people 
in the gymnasium upon the occasion of this game 
— ten plavers, a referee, and a spectator. 


t acaa3gmzzaamgzziaaBOgzzgaa3ZHzzBaizzzcaam^^mmg^^mmg^^ggg 

C. 5. Af. C. To Give Boxing Show March 24 

Tommy Gibbons, Harry Greb, Bud Taylor and Sidney Glick are 
among the more prominent boxers that the local unit of the Catholic 
Students’ Mission Crusade are considering' for its annual boxing show 
in the Gym on March 24. 

Mark Mooney and Maurice McNulty who are arranging the bouts, 
announce that Coach Springer’s Notre Dame gladiators will stage an 
additional few rounds. A ferocious finale is promised in the contem- 
plated battle-royal. The source of talent for this part of the program 
is receiving much consideration. 

Brother Alan has granted his services as chairman of the Gym 
committee. Joseph Menger, Gilbert Uhl and John Ryan are assisting 
him. James A. Ronan and Tom Leahy form the ticket committee. John 
P. Hurley is chairman of the publicity committee which consists of Bill 
Broderick, Paul Harmon, and John F. O'Donnell. 


Maurice Steinfeld 

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Green Bay — Mrs. Agnes Crow- 
ley’s boy, Jimmy, had his day here 
Thursday. Yes, sir, he certainly 
did have a day to remember. 

If you’ve never heard of Mrs. 
Crowley’s boy, Jimmy, which heav- 
en forbid, this will describe him. A 
fine Irish lad of 22 with a sturdy 
pair of legs and good shoulders, 
honest eyes set wide apart, a slow 
grin that reveals a tooth missing 
over at the right end, a square 
chin with a cleft in it and a solid 
head that’s filled with brains that 
really count, football brains. 
That’s Mrs. Crowley’s boy. 

The Notre Dame club of Green 
Bay gave a banquet in “Sleepy 
Jim” Crowley’s honor Thursday 
night, and something like 350 
folks crowded into the Hotel Beau- 
mont’s dining room for the affair. 
It was a great party, with Mother 
Crowley, aunts and uncles, doctors, 
the clergy, lawyers, merchants, 
everybody there. They think well 
of young Mr. Crowley up here. 
They wanted to show it, and the 
world should be told that they did. 

Knute Rockne, aside from Jim- 
my, was the big boy of the even- 
ing and the meat course in the 
oratory. The Notre Dame coach, 
as red as a lobster but as cool as 
a ham, said a few things about his 
pupil and the unguarded halfback 
was thrown for a loss. All he 
could do was sit and take it. No- 
body but a game kid could have 
kept his head under Rockne’s wal- 
lops of praise. But, man, how the 
audience liked it. 

The famous coach put over his 
best yarns — pop, pop, pop, like 

that and they were a wow. He 

told how football makes real men, 
and everybody looked at Jimmy. 
He listed the high qualities re- 
quired by a gridirn star and 
everyone looked at Jimmy some 
more. There was punishment for 

A round faced, jovial Irish- 
man whom everybody calls Bobby 
Lynch was the toastmaster. Back 
in the old days Bobby used to play 


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support it deserves. . . . 

r» EMC 

TUkaW V ' ' i ^ 

^noH* At Sea ’ R ' M ' s “ CATONIA ’ J 

^pvrt — March 13, 1925 

Today I had three sets of deck tennis with Kitty Purmew, 
the pretty co-ed from Catalpa College. Then afterwards we 
both had a plunge in the open air tank. Kitty looks stunning 
in a bathing suit. I have a date to take her to the Catown 
Strutters Ball tonight and Kid McKat and I are getting the 
Third Cat Steward to change her to our table. And say, 
fella, did I tell you about the meals — lookit: 


Grapefruit Stewed Peaches 
Oatmeal Porridge 
Grilled Fresh Herrings 
Breakfast Bacon 
Fried and Boiled Eggs 
Saute Potatoes 
Marmalade Preserves 
Hot Rolls Tea Coffee 


wed Peaches Puree of Split Peas 

onidge Haricot Ox Tail — Jardiniere 

Herrings Grilled Fresh Codfish 

Bacon Navarin of Lamb 

iled Eggs Corned Brisket of Beef 

Aloes . Cabbage Boiled Potatoes 

Preserves Ice Cream Apples Nuts 

ia Coffee Rye Bread Cheese Biscuits 

Apricot Tart Coffee 


Hors d ’Oeuvres 
Cream of Tomato 
Salmon Mayonnaise 
Filet of Sole 

Mutton Cutlets Peas 
Chicken-Pannentier Salad 
Peaches — M elba 

fir* RETURN 

‘ 155 . 

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an’ cheese, coffee ’n crackers later. Yours, FELIX/’ 

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