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THE VOICE OF THE LORD 


H. D. Williams, M.D., Ph.D. 









VERSES 


THE FOUR TENETS OF HUMANISTIC 
PHILOSOPHIES IN HISTORY 

-(1) Yea, hath God said. (Genesis 3:1) 

- (2) Ye shall not surely die. (Genesis 3:4) 

- (3) Ye shall be as gods. (Genesis 3:5) 

- (4) Ye shall know good and evil. (Gen. 3:5) 


USUALLY, AT LEAST 3 OUT OF THE FOUR 


TEXT 


“ Beware lest any man spoil you through 

philosophy and vain deceit after the 

tradition of men, after the rudiments of 

the world, and not after Christ .” (Colossians 2:8). 

(stoicheion = principle, proposition, element) 


VERSES 


“Even so we, when we were ...in bondage 
under the elements of the world :” (Galatians 


4 : 3 ). 


4 









VERSES 


“...how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly 
elements , whereunto ye desire again to be in 
bondage?” (Galatians 4:9). 

“Who gave himself for our sins, that he might 
deliver us from this present evil world .” 
(Galatians 1:4) 

“Take heed to thyself , lest thou make a 
covenant with the inhabitants of the land 

whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the 
midst of thee:” (Exodus 34:12) 










VERSES 


• “Take heed unto thyself , and unto the 

doctrine ; continue in them: for in doing this 
thou shalt both save thyself , and them that hear 
thee.” (1 Timothy 4:16) 

• “Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man 

love me, he will keep my words : and my 

Father will love him, and we will come unto him, 
and make our abode with him.” (John 14:23) 

• “This know also, that in the last days perilous 
times shall come. For men shall be lovers of 
their own selves, ..." (2 Timothy 3:1-2). 


6 














Dean Burgon’s Comment 

Dean John William Burgon (1813 - 1888 ) said 
men would use conscience as their primary 
guide, to (eventually) dethrone God’s words . He 
quotes his contemporary, a modernist: 

• MODERNISM (External Truth) 

“The principle of private judgment,” (it is 

said,) “puts Conscience between us and the 
Bible, making Conscience the supreme 
interpreter.” “Hence,” it is said, “we use the 
Bible , —some consciously, some unconsciously,— 
not to override , but to evoke the voice of 
Conscience....” 


Dean John William Burgon, Inspiration and Interpretation (Dean Burgon Society? 
Press, Collingswood, NJ, originally published in 1861, 1999) xxii. 



Burgon continued: (He described the full 
blown problem to come in postmodernism) 

* POSTMODERNISM (Internal Truth, No Bible) 


• “The Book of this Law,’ (as Hooker phrases 
it,) is dethroned; and Man usurps the vacant 
seat, and becomes a Law unto himself ! 
God Himself is dethroned , in effect, and 
Man becomes his own god. ” 


• Dean John William Burgon, Inspiration and Interpretation (Dean Burgon Society 
Press, Collingswood, NJ, originally published in 1861, 1999) xxii. 


8 



A STORM OR 
BOTH CAUSE 


A CANCER: 
SYMPTOMS 




In Relation to 

Revelation, Conscience, Inspiration, 
Illumination, and Postmodernism 


H. D. Williams, M. D.,Ph.D. 


10 








OUR CONTRACT 


• Tertullian (cl55-230 A.D.) said: 

• “Now, what is “the dead” but the flesh? 

And what is ‘the Voice Of God’ but 

the Word ? And what is the Word but the 
Spirit, So much has been settled by the 

voice of God ; such is the 

contract with everything which is born:” 


11 




OUR CONTRACT 


• God said in His contract that His Words 
are “for ever” and that they may not be 
changed (Deut. 4:2, Psa. 117, 119, Pro. 30:5- 
6, Rev. 22:18-19, and MANY OTHER 
PLACES!!!!). 


12 


What Started This Work ? 

The primary reason : A Significant Symptom 


“What has caused so many people to 
SEEMINGLY NOT be able to understand 
simple language?” 


Jesus said: 


“Heaven and earth shall pass away, 
but my words shall not pass away / 


(Double negative, ou me, Matthew 24:35, Mk. 13:31, LK. 21:33) 


13 




What Started This Work? 


Other reasons: 


The modern man-in-the-pew “prophet.” 

Pastors on TV claiming: 

-that angels were speaking to them, and they 
could see giant angels ministering to the 
audience. 

-that various colors over the heads of individuals 
indicated their spiritual status. 


14 




What Started This Work? 


• A Doctor claiming he heard an “audible 
voice of the Lord” calling him into the 
charismatic healing ministry. 

• Dozens upon dozens claiming: 

-“the Lord told me....” 


-“God spoke to me” 




• It is hoped the reflections in this work will help, 
that the Dx is correct, that the Rx is appropriate, 
and that the patient will recover. 

• A physician is trained to look for one unifying 
“disease” which causes the symptoms he is 
seeing. 






WHAT IS THE ELEPHANT? 


17 


THE CANCER 


• EXTREME SELFISM 

AND 

TOTAL UNCERTAINTY 


18 


“All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned 
every one to his own wav ; and the LORD hath laid on 
him the iniquity of us all.” (Isaiah 53:6) 

“Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall 
enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth 
the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will 
say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not 
prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast 
out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful 
works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew 
vou: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.” 
(Matthew 7:21-23) 

This know also, that in the last days perilous 
times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their 
own selves , ...(2 Timothy 3:1-2) 19 




MODERNISM 


During modernism , there remained a belief that 
“truth” was external versus internal . 

Some modernists believed: 

- (1) science was the provider of truth; 

- (2) that the secular philosophy of humanism would lead 
to all truth (epistemology & empiricism); 

- (3) that the Bible contained truth, BUT NOT ABSOLUTE 
TRUTH and its application was relative to individuals, 
cultures, or nations, (e.g. the neo-evangelicalism of Billy 
Graham, Harold John Ockenga = non-separatism) 

- (4) they had the right to apply truth in situations 
(selfism) (e.g. Murder versus abortion). Unity and 
tolerance (no criticism) was exalted at all costs. 


(And MODERNISTS were arrogant about it.) 


20 


DOCTRINES EMPHASIZED DURING 

MODERNISM 

• These doctrines were primarily taught to the 
saved: 

• Depravity, grace, regeneration, imputation, 
substitution, repentance, redemption, 
reconciliation, propitiation, justification, 
sanctification, predestination, resurrection. 


21 



DATES 


• Age of Modernism: Bastille, 7/14/1790, to 

Berlin Wall, 1989 


• Age of Postmodernism: Berlin Wall,1989 

to ? 


• ? Age of Spiritism: 9/11/01 


22 



THE NEW DISEASE 


In the postmodern age, PPM (philosophy of 
postmodernism) is the new spiritual disease. It is 
comparable with the physical disease of AIDS, 
which incidentally, sprang up as the postmodern 
age began. AIDS is a disease worse than 
previous diseases; similarly, PPM is worse than all 
other philosophies including modernism. 

PPM has acted like AIDS. AIDS is like a cancer. 
PPM is affecting every part of our society, 
including the individual, the educational systems, 
government, art, entertainment, and particularly 
the church. 23 


PPM: THE NEW DISEASE 


It is the elephant. It is stomping & trampling 
“Truth” 

It is the reason people cannot accept or cannot 
understand (secondary to the teaching of 
deconstructionism of PM, e.g. exegetical 
manipulation): 


• Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass 
away. Matthew 24:35 


It is the reason clear truthful explanations are 
rejected. 

- Such as: problems with the critical text, proper translations of God’s Word§ 4 the 
providential history of the essentially identical Received Texts or Manuscripts. 


The Purpose of this Work 

Therapy must be started at the most basic 
level, just like cancer and AIDS must be 
Rxed at the “cellular” level. 

Neglected doctrines will need to be taught: 

- Conscience —Revelation 

- Illumination —Inspiration 

—the voice of the Lord 
- And how are they interrelated 


- Why do these need to be taught? 


25 


Postmodernism 


The humanistic postmodernist sincerely 
believes that his “ conscience ” and 
“ thoughts ” are “the voice of ‘truth’. There 

is no external truth. 


The postmodern theologian believes that 
his conscience, thoughts, or imagination is 
the audible voice of the Holy Spirit bringing 
“revelation”, “illumination” (or “enlightenment”). 
Therefore, He does not need external 
written truth, (e.g. they have angels 
speaking, they are packets of truth). 


26 



Postmodernism 


Any “enlightenment” of truth according to the 
postmodernist does not come from reason, 
science, philosophy, and particularly not from 
the Bible , but it comes from listening to their 
thoughts influenced by their experiences. 

The Bible is simply “narratives” to assist in the 
quest; they are helped by a narrator—no pastor— 
in home churches or small gatherings. 

(Incidentally, their thoughts emanate from a defiled, 
seared, and evil conscience). 


27 


OUR NEED 

“If a man love me, he will keep my words.” 
(Jn. 14:23) 

The best offense is a strong defense.’ 

To defend our beliefs, we must “know our 
enemy;” we must know where he is attacking; 
what is his strategy; who are his soldiers and 
what are their weapons and; where he is 
lurking. 

This work is an attempt to define and delineate 
the enemy’s “latest” battle and methods in his 
war which he began in the Garden against 
God’s Words with 

• “Yea, hath God said...?” 


28 



The Problem Is Real 


R. Albert Mohler, Jr., President, Southern 
Baptist Theological Seminary, said in 1995: 

A massive intellectual revolution is taking 
place that is perhaps as great as that which 
marked off the modern world from the Middle 
Ages. The foundations of the modern world 
are collapsing, and we are entering a 
postmodern world. The principles forged durin 
the Enlightenment... are crumbling 


• TCOP, 55-56 


29 





THE PROBLEMS 

1. The Philosophy of Postmodernism: 

Some say: Postmodernism is “ the rejection of 
every expression of certainty .”* 

This author prefers to call postmodernism 
extreme selfism and the rejection of truth from 
any external source . Truth is “centered in the 
self. ” (i.e. internal) 


John MacArthur, The Truth War, Fighting for Certainty in an Age of Deception (Thomas 
Nelson, Nashville, TN, 2007) 12. 


30 



The Essence of Postmodernism 


The postmodernist believes there is: 

- no external absolute written truth. 


- nothing that can be known with certainty. 

An important cause of PM : Uncertainty about 
God’s Words, promoted by Westcott/Hort, 
and supported by scholars like D. A. Carson, 
(who are now disturbed with PPM) 31 




THE PROBLEM(S) 

2. There seems to be no understanding of 
the Biblical meaning of: 

(a) The Voice Of The Lord 

(b) The Conscience 

(c) Revelation 

(d) Inspiration 

(e) Illumination 

as a result of PPM being taught in most 
secular and Biblical institutions. 


32 



THE PROBLEMS) 

• 3. Consequences: Many are calling 
themselves prophets: 

-who are receiving ‘new’ revelations. 

-who believe they can add to the canon of 
Scripture. 

-who see “giant angels.” 

-who see colors dancing above the heads of 
individuals in the pews. 

-who believe the Canon of Scripture is open. 


33 



THE PROBLEM(S) 

4. Consequences: seminary professors going 
astray by: 


- (A). Teaching the Bible is “ ultimately 

unnecessary in a faith community .” 

- (B). Teaching the Bible contains myth and narratives. 

- (C). Teaching that KJB supporters are either a cult, 
or a sect, or heretical, (e.g. James Price, Greenville 
Conference) 


- (D). Teaching Biblical miracles are fables . 


34 



Continuation of previous slide 

- (E). Teaching that some Gnostic writings 
should be placed into the canon of 
Scripture. 

- (F). Teaching that competing “sects” resulted 
in our current COS. 

- (G). Teaching Jesus Christ is not the Son of 
God, He was not born of a virgin, the 
resurrection is false, etc. etc. etc. 


35 



EXAMPLE 

Stanley Grenz, a postmodernist theologian, 
professor of theology and ethics at Carey 
Hall/Regent College in Vancouver, British 
Columbia believes: 

that Scripture in the ‘new’ world is 
“ ultimately unnecessary .” He joins with 
other postmodernists who claim that “ the 
faith community ” (i.e. the church) contains 
individuals who interpret “ narratives ’ 
differently. Therefore, the Bible becomes “ the 
book of the community .” subservient to 
the community. 36 



A Postmodernist Theologian 

• Stanley Grenz continues: 

• “Consequently, the divine nature of 
Scripture or its status vis-a-vis (i.e. 
concerning) revelation need not be 
demonstrated in the prolegomenon (i.e. first 
importance) to theology.” 


37 



Increasing Spiritual Failures 
Attributed To Postmodernism 

Postmodernism is: 

-a change in thinking from previous philosophies. 

-NOT an academic exercise. 


- the rejection of every expression of certainty . 

- denial of (external) truth . Each individual is 

like a packet of truth. (So, no need for the Bible) 



Postmodernism is NOT 

an academic exercise 

Dr. Dockery said: 

“As we move into the twenty-first century, a new 
way of viewing the world has emerged. The 
“modern” way of thinking, that dominated the 
nineteenth and twentieth centuries, has become 
obsolete. The modern ideas are no longer 
relevant.” 


Just as surely as the Humanist Manifesto of 
modernism is real, the Postmodern Manifesto is real. 

(David S. Dockery is president of Union University, TN, former NT professor at 
Southern Bapt. Theological Seminary) TCOP, 13. 39 




“Babes in Christ” 


Postmodern philosophy has: 

- greatly influenced the “babes” in Christ, which 
are most of those in the pews and in the 
pulpits; but particularly the young-in-age people 

- led to an accelerated rejection of the received 
preserved, inspired, inerrant, infallible, perfect, 
Words of God. 

-led to exaltation of the conscience and 
thoughts of individuals. 

(i.e. This means things are going to get worse!) 40 


A Weak Conscience Causes Babes In 
Christ To Be Easily Influenced 

• Why? The doctrine of the conscience is rarely 
taught. 

• Roy B. Zuck, Senior Professor Emeritus of Biblical 
Exposition at Dallas Theological Seminary, said: 

• “A study of the conscience is perhaps one of 
the most neglected aspects in biblical 
anthropology and psychology. Comparatively few 
systematic theologies even make mention of it. 
And how many sermons on the subject of the 
conscience can the reader recall having heard?” 


Zuck, op. cit., 369 (Bibliotheca Sacra, Vol. 126). 


41 




A Weak Conscience 

• A weak conscience results from “lack of 
knowledge of the Scriptures ,” and the 
Devil is using it greatly in these last days. 

• “My people are destroyed for lack of 
knowledge : because thou hast rejected 
knowledge . I will also reject thee, that thou 
shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast 
forgotten the law of thy God, I will also 
forget thy children .” (Hosea 4:6) 


42 




Conscience 


• A researcher has reported that he could not 
find any reference to conscience in all 
Christian writings prior to 400 A.D . 

• The first to use the term was Chrysostom 
(c. 347-407 A.D.), who said: 

• “the conscience, with the created universe, 
is a means of knowledge of God” 


43 


Conscience is not “the voice of the 

Lord” as many claim 

• The American Tract Society (1859) said: 

• “The existence of this faculty [the 
conscience] proves the soul accountable at 
the bar of its Creator, and its “voice” is an 
important sense, “the voice of God" 


American Tract Society Dictionary, “Conscience” (ATSD, A Dictionary of the Holy 
Bible, American Tract Society, 1859, SwordSearcher, Ver. 5.1,2007). 


44 



Conscience is not the voice of the Lord 


Lewis Sperry Chafer said: 

“ Some maintain that the conscience is not an 
integral part of man, but is rather the voice of 
God speaking directly to the one who is 
exercised by conscience.” 

“On the other hand, and far removed indeed, is 
the notion that conscience is no more than a 
bent of mind received by the discipline of 
childhood.” 

“ Neither one of these extremes is sustained 
by Scripture .” 


Lewis Sperry Chafer, “Anthroplogy, Part V” (Bibliotheca Sacra, Volume 101, Dallas Theological Seminary, 
1944; Logos, 2002) 145. 45 




Conscience is not “the voice of the Lord” 

WHY? 

• Congdon said: “The conscience of a Christian 
himself may be evil (Heb 10:22), weak and 
ignorant (1 Cor 8:7, 10, 12), or strong (1 Cor 
10:25-27) and pure (1 Tim 3:9).” and witnessing . 
(Rom. 2:15) to the law written in our hearts. 

• “Similarly the conscience of the unsaved may be 
convicting (John 8:9) or seared (1 Tim 4:2), 
witnessing (Rom 2:15) or defiled (Titus 1:15). 
According to 2 Corinthians 4:2 all mankind has a 
conscience.” 


Roger Douglass Congdon, “The Doctrine of the Conscience” (Bibliotheca 
Sacra , Vol. 103, Dallas Theological Seminary, 1969, Logos, 2002) 408 


46 



Dean Burgon Agrees 

Dean John William Burgon said men are using 
conscience as their primary guide, to dethrone 
God’s words . He said: 

“ The principle of private judgment ,” (it is said,) 
“puts Conscience between us and the Bible, 
making Conscience the supreme interpreter.” 

“Hence,” it is said, “we use the Bible,—some 
consciously, some unconsciously,— not to override , 
but to evoke the voice of Conscience.”... 


Dean John William Burgon, Inspiration and Interpretation (Dean Burgon 
Society Press, Collingswood, NJ, originally published in 1861, 1999) xxfi? 



Burgon described ‘ the child’ (modernism), 
and then the adult (postmodernism). 


“The Book of this Law,” (as Hooker phrases 
it,) is dethroned; and Man usurps the vacant 
seat, and becomes a Law unto himself! 

God Himself is dethroned , in effect, and 
Man becomes his own god.” 


Dean John William Burgon, Inspiration and Interpretation (Dean Burgon Society 
Press, Collingswood, NJ, originally published in 1861, 1999) xxii. 


J. Oswald Sanders (1917-1992), China 

Inland Mission, said: 

• “Ignorance of the function of the conscience 
[from Scripture] and of the divine provision 
for its healthy exercise leads to serious 
spiritual disorders ” 

• The conscience’s “healthy exercise” is study 
of the Words of God, rarely done in the 
postmodern world. 


49 



The Apostle Paul said he studied 
to have a healthy conscience: 


• ”... believing all things which are written 
in the law and in the prophets :... 

“And herein do I exercise myself , to have 
always a conscience void of offence toward 
God, and toward men.” (Acts 24:14d, 24:16) 


50 



Dr. Waite agrees, saving: 


“You cannot depend upon a ‘conscience’ ... 
Conscience means knowing within ourselves. God 
has given us a conscience if we know and 
study the Words of God. When we sin, our 
conscience says this is wrong. This is true if we 
have a conscience that is functioning. If a 
conscience is seared with a hot iron, sin has no 
affect. To believers, when God the Holy Spirit is 
living in our bodies, we have a conscience.” 


Pastor D. A. Waite, Romans: Preaching Verse by Verse (Bible For Today Press, 
Collingswood, NJ, 2005) 63. 5 



“What Is The Conscience?” 


The “conscience” is your witness (Heb. 9:14, 1 Pe. 
3:16), and like a witness in a court room testifies: 

— (1) to the law of God written in our hearts (Rom. 2:15), 

- (2) to our thoughts, actions, and intents. It judges them. 

The conscience is a faculty given to man by God 
like the mind or spirit of man. 


(It is very helpful to the student of Scripture if he will substitute “witness” for 
“conscience” in the Scriptures, much like “Grace” can be substituted for “Christ” in 
the Scriptures, to help illuminate what the Scriptures want us to understand (Pro. 
9:10) through the work of the Holy Spirit.) 


52 



Conscience in Scripture 

Romans 2:14-15: 

“For when the Gentiles, which have not the 
law, do by nature the things contained in 
the law, these, having not the law, are a 
law unto themselves: Which shew the work 
of the law written in their hearts, their 

Conscience [Greek, s uneidhs ij , meaning “ to know with ” (e.g. 
with you and God), a witness with you of your actions and thoughts] also 
bearing witness /"Greek, s ummrturew, testimony] and 

their thoughts the mean while accusing or 
else excusing one another; 53 


Conscience in Scripture 

• Romans 9:1: 

• / say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my 

COnSCienCe (i.e. Greek, s uneidhs ij, “ to know with ” himself and 
God, e.g. a witness with you of your actions and thoughts) also 
bearing me witness (i.e. Greek, s ummrturew, testimony) 

in the Holy Ghost, 


54 



ILLUMINATION IS NOT A VOICE 

• Dr. Walvoord said: 

• “God is able, however, to speak to the 
heart of man with such reality that the 
effect is produced without the need of 
actual words . Such is the experience of 
the Christian who is frequently taught by 
the Holy Spirit the truths of God, and yet 
the Christian would have difficulty finding 
words to express all that the Spirit had 
made known.” 


55 


“T he Voice of the Lord ” in Scripture 

Seven Concepts 

A survey reveals: 

1. The “voice of the Lord ’ is a metaphor 

-for a person who is the “Word of God.” 

2. The “ voice of the Lord’ is an audible voice 

“ from heaven. ” 

- From between the cherubim above the mercy 
seat. 

-at Jesus’ baptism, etc. 


56 


“T he Voice of the Lord ” in Scripture 

Seven Concepts 


3. The “voice of the LorcT is the words 
spoken to the prophets and Apostles and 
not recorded. 


4. The “voice of the Lord ’ is identified with 
nature such as in thunder and lightning. 

5. The “voice of the Lord ’ is the Words 
spoken or given by the Holy Spirit. 57 


“T he Voice of the Lord ” in Scripture 

Seven Concepts 


• 6. The “voice of the Lord” will be the 
“voice” heard in the future at the 
resurrection of the saints and at the Great 
White Throne Judgment. 

• 7. ****The “voice of the Lord’ is also all of 

the inscripturated words given to the 
prophets and Apostles.***** 


58 


Our Job 


Our job is to keep doing what we are doing: 

- Defending the received Hebrew, Aramaic, and 
Greek Words that lie behind the KJB, and the 
most accurate and faithful translations into other 
languages. 

-Teach doctrine from those words as clearly as 
we can. 

- Place emphasis on certain doctrines to counter 



The Three Umpires 


• The pre-modernist umpire says: “There’s 
balls and there’s strikes, and I call ’em the 
way they are.” 

• The second, a modernist , asserts “I call 
’em the way I see ’em,” 

• The third umpire, a postmodernist , claims 
“they ain’t nothin’ until I call ’em.” 


60 




4 



























The “Deformation” Versus The “Reformation” 


Since most believers are “babes” in Christ and 
since unbelievers are being influenced by 
postmodernist’s secular and theological 
pundits: 

The “deconstructionism” of PPM will return 
man under the banner of Rome’s good 
works salvation for any person in any 
religion”: 

PPM is an epistemological destruction of 
the literal reading of the Bible. 


62 



Typology of Elijah’s Experience 

• THE STILL SMALL VOICE 

• 1 Kg. 19:9-15 

• Elijah was told to stand upon the mount 
(the Rock). 

• Elijah was in a dark (cave). 


63 



Typology of Elijah’s Experience 


• God was not in the dramatic loud wind, 
earthquake, and fire. 

• Elijah was in the dark cave when he heard 
the still small voice (Heb. = silent, crushed = 
indiscernible). This was the beginning of 
illumination). 


64 



THE STILL SMALL VOICE 

• Elijah came out of darkness to the entrance 
of the cave. He came into the light to 
hear God’s words. 

• Elijah could hear “God’s voice” in the light . 

• For the believer today, we must be in the 
light to read, hear, and understand the 
inscripturated Words—the voice of the Lord. 


65 



Typology of Leviticus 


• Lev. 21 & 22. 

• Nothing brought before the Lord: 

- Blind, broken, or blemished, 

- crushed, cut, or corrupted 

- Diseased, damaged, deformed, or dead (road kill) 

• Nothing was to be offered or eaten by 
strangers (e.g. bread) 


THEREFORE 


66 



“THEREFORE” 


• The Tabernacle typologically represents 

- God’s home in heaven 
-The Lord Jesus Christ 

• The perfect Man 

• The perfect Word(s) 

• The perfect God 

• The perfect Sacrifice 

• The perfect life 


Does it mean God does not accept the 
deformed, diseased, defective person,... 


67 



“THEREFORE” 


Leviticus 22:31-33 

“Therefore, shall ye keep (Heb. shamar) my 
commandments, and do them: I am the 
LORD. Neither shall ye profane (Heb. chalal) 
my holy name; but I will be hallowed 
among the children of Israel: I am the 
LORD which hallow you, That brought you 
out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I 
am the LORD. Leviticus 22:31-33 

shamar = KEEP, GUARD, PROTECT, PRESERVE 
chalal = BORE, WOUND, POLLUTE, STAIN, BREAK 



The Emerging Church of Postmodernism 


• Brings blemished, broken, and defective 
“’’bibles”, and theology before the Lord to 
worship. 

• It is a stranger to “the voice of the words 
of the Lord.” 


• WHY? 


69 



Church 
Pastor 
Bible 
Prayer 
Written Bible 

Truth 

Preaching the Word church 

Context appeals 

Born-again 

Bible 

Bible 


Community of faith 
Narrator 

Book of the Community 
Quietism 

Language of Gutenberg 
book 

Reality 

Alphabet community 
Nebulous appeals 
Transformation 
Symbolic language book 
Narratives 7C 

























Evangelical 

(W)holistic 

Rationality of discourse 

Ascendance of image 

Old Testament Books 

Hortatory discourse (urging 
a course of action) 

Spirituality 

Activism 

Testimony 

Your (Web of) belief 

New Testament Gospels 

Peepholes 

71 














Process Theology of the PM 

Also known as neoclassical theology. 

School of thought influenced by the metaphysical 

process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead 

(1861-1947). 

The concepts of process theology include: 

- God is not omnipotent in the sense of being coercive. 

- The divine has a power of persuasion rather than 
coercion. 

- Process theologians interpret the classical doctrine of 
omnipotence as involving force, and suggest instead a 
forbearance in divine power. 

- "Persuasion" in the causal sense means that God does 
not exert unilateral control. 



Process Theology 


God cannot totally control any series of 
events or any individual , but God influences the 
creaturely exercise of this universal free will by 
offering possibilities. To say it another way, God 
has a will in everything, but not everything that 
occurs is God's will. 

Because God interacts with the changing universe, 
God is changeable (that is to say, God is 
affected by the actions that take place in the 
universe) over the course of time. However, the 
abstract elements of God (goodness, wisdom, etc.) 
remain eternally solid. 



Process Theology 

• Charles Hartshorne, a postmodernist process 
theologian, believes that people do not experience 
subjective (or personal) immortality , but they do 
have objective immortality because their 
experiences live on forever in God, who contains 
all that was. Others believe that people do have 
subjective experience after bodily death. 

• Dipolar theism, is the idea that God has both a 
changing aspect (God's existence as a Living 
God) and an unchanging aspect (God's eternal 
essence). 


74 



Open Theology 

Essentially compatible with process 
theology. 

The only difference is an Armenian-like 
emphasis on free-will by open theology. 
But, God is learning by our free-will. 

But the bottom line of both theologies is 
the removal of God’s omniscience 



Open Theology 


• Open theology proclaims man’s free-will has 
influence on God’s knowledge because: 

i 

• a) ^ God gave man free-will, then He does 
not know what the future will precisely hold, 

- (2) if God does not know the future, 
classical (orthodox) theology is wrong. 


76 


Open Theology 

( 3 ) it harbors the same old claim that 
classical theology is rooted in scholasticism 
of the Greeks and other influences (Hike 
political power). 

( 4 ) They deny that Scripture came first 
and influenced various cultures and their 
myths. For example, this is similar to the 
Babylonian fables, like Semiramis and her 
virgin born son, which are claimed to have 
influenced the writers of the Bible. 77 



Open Theology 

(5) Finally, the postmodern churches are 
espousing dipolar theology, which teaches God 
has characteristics that are conflicting, such as: 

- one / many (trinity), 

- merciful / just, 

- spiritual / material, 

- absolute power / persuasiveness, etc.; 

So, God has only the good in each set of 
characteristics. 

Conclusion: This limits God’s omniscience 
because they claim He can not be omnipotent 
and persuasive at the same time. 


78 



CONCLUSION: 

Their theologies are not Scriptural 

These are obviously theories by midget 
minds. It is “a retrograde form of 
Christianity.” 

Obviously, grace and mercy, judgment and 
justice, love and punishment, God and 
man, and similar characteristics; 

Including the substitutionary death of Christ 
on the Cross is not understood by 
postmodernist theologians. 79 




Other Features 

of the Postmodern Church 


Change from preaching/teaching/verbal to 
image/sacrament/verbal presentation of 
Christianity. 

The postmodernists point out the image 
characteristic of Biblical language and 
passages such as: 

-(1) Christ is the “express image” of the invisible 
Father, 

- (2) the tabernacle is an image of God’s “home” 
in heaven and of Christ, 


80 


Other Features of the Postmodern Church 


(3) the striking imagery of smoke, fire, and 
thunder at Mount Sinai demonstrated God’s 
power, 

( 4 ) general revelation calls upon creation to create 
a picture of God’s glory, abilities, and power, 

(5) Jesus is the image of the word, o|l ogoj , etc. 

They call upon the second Decalogue “Thou shalt 
not make unto thee any g raven image, or any 
likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or 
that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the 
water under the earth:” (Ex. 20:4) as a warning to 
not worship inanimate idols. 81 



Problems 


They fail to identify several important 
problems when image-communication 
becomes a significant means to convey a 
message. 

-(1)The image may lose preciseness and 
specificity. 

-(2) Image presentations such as plays, movies, 
character acting may become theatrical 
entertainment rather that WORSHIP. 

- (3) The inspired Words of Scripture become 
secondary to the image/media dispaly. 8 2 



Problems 


• Their image/media presentation of the 
Gospel is not theoretical: 

• The plans of the American Bible Society 


83 



American Bible Society 

• “Lately the Society has been asking the 
question, “How can the message of the Holy 
Scriptures be faithfully translated and 
communicated from one medium to another?” 

• “Or to put it another way, is it possible to make 
a video version of the Bible that has as much 
authority as a print version of the Bible?” 


84 



American Bible Society 


• “This is a rather interesting question, which 
the Society has answered in the affirmative. 
Beginning in 1989 the Society launched an 
experiment to test the limit and possibilities 
of a screen translation and has since come 
to the conclusion that “screen and electronic 
technologies could transfer and inculturate 
the very message of the Holy Scriptures 
and do so with faithfulness and integrity.” 


85 



American Bible Society 

• “Beginning in 1989 the Society launched an 
experiment to test the limit and possibilities 
of a screen translation and has since come 
to the conclusion that “screen and electronic 
technologies could transfer and inculturate 
the very message of the Holy Scriptures 
and do so with faithfulness and integrity.” 


86 



Quotes of PM 


• Frank Viola: “The emerging church 
phenomenon has clumped the modern 
penchant to always be certain in 
answering every spiritual question under 
the sun. Instead, it has rested content to 
embrace mystery and_ paradox in our 
God. ” 


87 


Quotes of PM 


• Frank Viola: “The emerging church 
phenomenon has re-ignited a healthy 
interest in the Christian mystics who 
emphasized spiritual encounter over 
against mere academic knowledge of God 
and the Bible. ” 


88 



Quotes of PM 


• Frank Viola: “The emerging church 
phenomenon has placed a new emphasis 
on the importance of narrative. ” 


89 



Quotes of PM 

• Wikipedia: “Emergents allow for a plurality of 
Scriptural interpretations. They exhibit a 
particular concern for the effect of the modern 
reader's cultural context on the act of 
interpretation in contrast to the emphasis of 
historical orthodoxy on the primacy of the 
author's intent and cultural context. The 
influence of postmodern thinkers such as 
Jacques Derrida and Stanley Fish is evident 
in the emerging church movement's approach 
to interpreting Scripture.” 


90 



Quotes of PM 
Emerging Church 

• Religion & Ethics Newsletter: LAWTON: 

• “Worship is participatory and multisensory. People 
are encouraged to tangibly express their spirituality. 
Many are weaving together elements from different 
religious traditions, especially Catholicism and 
Eastern Orthodoxy. Some are discovering medieval 
mystical practices such as walking the labyrinth, but 
adding decidedly modern twists. It's a pick-your-own- 
mix approach that also stresses community and 
social justice.” 


91 



• Scott McKnight, Westminster Theological 
Seminary, What is the Emerging Church? 

• Language is inept to talk absolutely about 
God. 

• Some fluff incense around the room, 

• some light candles, and some have a 
service where there is multi-tasking. 


92 



• Considerable serious work is being done 
concerning postmodernism and Buddhism. See 
Newman Robert Glass, Working Emptiness: 
Toward a Third Reading in Buddhism and 
Postmodern Thought (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 
1995) 

• Healing Deconstruction: Postmodern Thought in 
Buddhism and Christianity (Atlanta: Scholars 
Press, 1996). 


93 



• From the mid 1970s to the late 1990s a cluster of irrationalist or anti¬ 
rationalist ideas became increasingly prevalent among academic 
sociologists in America, France and Britain. The ideas were 
variously known as Deconstructionism, Sociology of Scientific 
Knowledge, (SSK), Social Constructivism, or Science and 
Technology Studies (STS). The umbrella term for these movements 
was Postmodernism. 

• All forms of post-modernism were anti-scientific, anti-philosophical 
and generally anti-rational. The view of science as a search for 
truths (or approximate truths) about the world was 

rejected. According to SSK, the natural world has a small or non¬ 
existent role in the construction of scientific knowledge. Science is 
just another social practice, producing "narrations" and "myths" 
with no more validity than the myths of backward and pre-scientific 
peoples. 


94 



We may infer that in postmodern faith, 
horizontal interaction among religious 
followers will take on an increasingly 
important role in comparison with the 
vertical (top-down) structure of traditional 
doctrines. 


( http://icmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue3/fuka 

mizu.html ) 




Bauman said: 

The 'postmodern ethics’ outlined by Bauman is an attempt to develop a 
persuasive critique of post-Enlightenment ethical philosophy as being 
obsessed with rules, rationality and coercion. As an historical critique it 
suffers from being too sweeping and all inclusive, and comes dangerously 
close at times to misrepresenting the complexity of post-Enlightenment 
ethical philosophy. Yet its usefulness lies in its clear critique of a major 
tendency in ethical debate. It also sets out an alternative ethics, an ethics of 
infinite responsibility, pointed to in Levinas’ philosophy of‘being for the 
Other’. Buddhist ethics is similarly open ended rather than rule bound 
and hence serves as a useful elaboration of this trend in ethical theory . 
It should be clear that an ethics based on Buddhist principles could never be 
an ethics of ‘coercion’, in which obedience to authority (whether that be God 
or the state) has become the raison d’etre of morality. Rather it speaks to the 
individual in his existential predicament and invites the individual to try out a 
new way of being - a way of being that ultimately transcends any narrow 
preoccupation with self-interest. Particularly useful for Westerners searching 
for a new basis to moral conduct is the Buddhist understanding of the 
centrality of emotional dispositions as a basis of morality and the importance 
of mindful awareness in the cultivation of positive emotional states. The 
Buddhist tradition also shows us that we have nothing to fear from broad 
ethical principles which help guide us in our attempts to move from an 
unsatisfactory state of greed, hatred and ignorance to one of compassionate 
wisdom and freedom. Postmodern Ethics: A Buddhist Response 


96 



Continuing, Bauman said: 


• It should be clear that an ethics based on Buddhist principles 
could never be an ethics of ‘coercion’, in which obedience to 
authority (whether that be God or the state) has become the 
raison d’etre of morality. Rather it speaks to the individual in his 
existential predicament and invites the individual to try out a 
new way of being - a way of being that ultimately transcends 
any narrow preoccupation with self-interest. Particularly useful 
for Westerners searching for a new basis to moral conduct is 
the Buddhist understanding of the centrality of emotional 
dispositions as a basis of morality and the importance of 
mindful awareness in the cultivation of positive emotional 
states. The Buddhist tradition also shows us that we have 
nothing to fear from broad ethical principles which help guide us 
in our attempts to move from an unsatisfactory state of greed, 
hatred and ignorance to one of compassionate wisdom and 
freedom. 

• (http://www.westernbuddhistreview.com/vol4/postmodern_ethic 

s.html) 97