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Volume 20 Number 1 
January 23, 2003 




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••.?a39MW*se*w»v 


Youth Awareness Edition 


















2 


Alberta Native News January, 2003 


a^flLBERTRa 

^ m m* i I l !■ ni.hdtTlH.W 


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Iberia Native News is published monthly for distribution to Nativi 
ands and Metis Settlements across Alberta, Saskatchewan 
anitoba, Ontario, the Yukon and Northwest Territories. 

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' ‘Ihis month's issue of 
Alberta 9{gtive 9{ezus 
is dedicated to the 
memory of 

Richard Sheps 

He was a good friend, an esteemed 
colleague, a loving fatfer and a 
dedicated newspaperman. 

He zoill be greatly missed. 


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Alberta Native News 

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Census shows Aboriginal 
languages disappearing 


by H. C. Miller 


Statistics Canada released census figures recently 
that confirm the worst fears of concerned First 
Nations. Aboriginal languages are being lost at an 
ever-increasing rate. 

The 2001 national survey found that just 24 percent 
of North American indigenous people can converse 
fluently in their Native tongue, down from 29 percent 
in the 1996 census. 

Furthermore, of more 
than 50 Native lan¬ 
guages, 10 have disap¬ 
peared and at least 12 
are threatened by 
extinction. Only Cree, 

Inuktitut and Ojibway 
are spoken in large 
enough numbers 
ensure their survival for 
the children in genera- 

Despite this alarming 
trend, First Nations 
throughout Canada con¬ 
tinue to fight for the sur¬ 
vival of their mother 
tongue. The Tsimshian First Nation at Prince Rupert is 
just one of many who have enlisted the help of willing 
Elders to develop a dictionary and begin teaching their 
Sm’algyax language in their schools. Teachers and 
provincial school boards are being approached with 
much success to incorporate the language into the cur¬ 
riculum, says Joanne Finlay. As a member of the 
Tsimshian people, she notes that the children begin in 
kindergarten with oral classes and advance to reading 
and writing in higher grades. "It’s wonderful to see the 
children learning their school subjects in the language 
of their ancestors," she says. Elders frequently partic¬ 
ipate in school activities. "It’s like having a grand¬ 
mother in the classroom and it’s beautiful. The respect 
and support for each other is something the kids 
absorb by their gentle example." Evening lessons 
encourage parents and other interested residents to 
leam the language as well. 

The loss of First Nations languages has been attrib¬ 
uted mostly to the residential school system where 
generations of children were removed from their 
homes and educated in institutions where they did not 
speak their Native tongue. Fortunately, Heritage 
Minister Sheila Copps, after years of lobbying by First 
Nations leaders, has recently announced the designa¬ 
tion of $172 million over 10 years to fund programs 
which will attempt to archive and teach Aboriginal 


The 2001 National census also showed that 
Aboriginal people are moving to urban centres in 
ever-increasing numbers. Almost half - 49 percent - 
live off reserve, a trend that has increased since the 
last census. Those claiming Indian, Metis and Inuit 
descent make up 3.3 percent of the population, up 
from 2.8 percent in 
1996. The average age 
of the Aboriginal popu¬ 
lation is 25 years, much 
younger than the 
national average of 38 

The numbers 

released represent 
another unfortunate sta¬ 
tistic for Canada’s 
Aboriginal people. Jobs 
expected to be plen¬ 
tiful in the labour mar- 

years as baby boomers 
and executives retire, 
but they won’t be filled 
by the increasing percentage of Aboriginal people. 
Funding which will allow training at post-secondary 
institutions is not sufficient, according to a recent sur¬ 
vey by the Assembly of First Nations, which showed 
almost 10,000 eligible Aboriginal potential students 
on waiting lists. 

Many more students, however, never make their 
grade 12 graduations. Lack of self-esteem and suc¬ 
cessful role models mean many kids drop out of 
school. Compared to the national average of 63 per¬ 
cent, only 30 percent of Aboriginal students finish 
high school. Social problems and political instability 
further the problems for potential workers. 

Despite these rather gloomy statistics, all is not lost 
for Canada’s Aboriginal people. Private sector organi¬ 
zations, such as the National Aboriginal Achievement 
Foundation, have begun to take matters into their own 
hands. The Foundation has awarded more than $12 
million in Native scholarships since its inception in 
1985. As well, the government’s Employment Equity 
Act, which applies to federally regulated companies, 
has helped to employ more Aboriginal Canadians, and 
more private businesses are reaching out to include 
local and Aboriginal people in their training programs. 
As the private sector takes up where government train¬ 
ing programs fall short, it is hoped that the cycle of 
Native poverty may at last be broken. 



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Alberta Native News 


January, 2003 

Residential 

schools 

announcement 
is incomplete 

A plan designed to settle thousands of claims for 
compensation by former students of Indian residential 
schools was unveiled last month by Ralph 
Goodale, Minister responsible for Indian 
Residential Schools Resolution Canada. 

The government is facing a significant chal¬ 
lenge in settling over 12,000 individual 
claims, with more expected to be filed. 

“As a primary goal, we need to settle as 
many abuse claims as possible outside of 
the courts. The formal litigation route is the 
most expensive, time consuming and emo¬ 
tionally charged process that could be 
used,” said Minister Goodale. “The 
Resolution Framework will provide alterna¬ 
tives to the courts. It could help in a major 
way to handle and resolve the unprecedent¬ 
ed number of these claims across Canada in 
a more efficient and humane manner - 
designed to help move the victims of sexual 
and physical abuse toward healing and rec¬ 
onciliation.” 

Specifically, the Resolution Framework 
contains a suite of approaches that is com¬ 
posed of an alternative dispute resolution 
process for individuals and groups; health 
supports for people with abuse claims; and 
commemorative initiatives - along with liti- 


tives of survivor organizations and other government 
departments. cu 

Detailed planning for the new alternative dispute Canada has signed a number of United Nations and 
resolution process is underway while court cases, international conventions recognizing peoples’ rights 
existing dispute resolution projects and out of court to practice their language and culture. Yet the federal 
settlements continue. Consultations are continuing government is unwilling to deal with loss of language 
with stakeholders about the application process, and culture in its approach to residential schools. 
Implementation of the alternative dispute resolution “The federal government has to involve the residen- 
process is expected to begin with the availability of tial schools survivors in any discussion about com- 
applications next spring, with the first adjudicators in pensation and healing,” said the National Chief. “The 
place by the end of the summer. government needs to understand the full impacts of 

“We welcome any efforts to heal the wounds inflict- the residential schools beyond the direct abuse that 
ed from the residential schools,” said Assembly of took place. We need a comprehensive, holistic 
approach to healing. Simply filling out a 


form and checking off the appropriate 
‘boxes of abuse’ is a tremendously disre¬ 
spectful and narrow process. Closure 
means more than cashing a cheque.” 

“The Aboriginal Languages and 
Cultures Centre announced earlier this 
month will support language and culture 
in the broadest sense, but residential 
schools survivors need their own process 
and must be involved in setting-up that 
process,” said Coon Come. 

The National Chief concluded, “I am 
not going to condemn today’s announce¬ 
ment, but we need to build on this half¬ 
step and go all the way down the road to 
resolution, reconciliation and healing for 
the generations that have been affected by 
the legacy of Canada’s tragic social 
experiment.” 

There were 130 Indian residential 
schools, located primarily in the West and 
northern Canada with approximately 
90,000 former students living. Of the cur- 
J rent 12,000 claims, 90% allege physical 

First Nations Chief Matthew Coon Come. “But abuse and 60% allege sexual abuse, 
gation. The Resolution Framework will be managed today’s announcement is incomplete and falls far Details of the resolution process will be posted on 
through an application process, followed by the vali- s h ort 0 f our expectations. Almost 90% of the current the Indian Residential Schools Resoluti 
’ ” - 1 * - 4 ".- 1 ~ involve loss of language and culture, so website t 

' ’ ' going to reduce Questions 

7293. 



dation of claims by an independent adjudicator. _|_ 

“Time is running out for the elderly claimants and t he framework announced today is 
those in ill-health,” said Minister Goodale. “We need the legal logjam and it will not help the si 
a system that does not clog the courts nor spend all the m0V e forward.” 
money on lawyers. The victims, who suffered sexual 


Canada 
under News Room, 
iwered by calling 1-800-816- 


Residential schools have been described as 


“epi- 


vacy.” The current caseload could take another 53 i oss cultural breakdown and dysfunction. A joint 
years to move through the court system at a cost of statement in 1992 by the Catholic, Anglican and 
$2.3B in 2002 dollars, not including the value of actu- United Churches released through the Aboriginal 
al settlement costs. The Resolution Framework should Rights Coalition recognized “.. .the loss of language 
take about seven years to resolve most abuse claims, through forced English speaking, the loss of tradition- 

The Resolution Framework provides former stu- a i ways 0 f being on the land, the loss of parenting 
dents with additional choices regarding how they wish s Rju s through the absence of four or five generations 
to address their residential schools experience. f rom fvj a tive communities, and the learned behaviour 
Minister Goodale said the existing approaches are 0 f despising Native identity, 
achieving results, but they cannot adequately address 
the range of issues that sexual and physical abuse 
entail. 

“There are current examples of successful dispute 
resolution in Canada and other places in the world,” 
he said, “and while we have learned from them, few 
involve similar delicate requirements for safety and 
efficiency.” 

The Framework is based on considerable research 
over the past six years as well as discussion and con¬ 
sultation with victims, their lawyers, the churches 
involved with Indian residential schools, representa- 


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January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


Big 


Bear descendant asks court to 
rectify historical injustice 


Alex Little Bear has filed suit against both the 
Saskatchewan government and Ottawa in an effort to 
correct what he calls an historical injustice to one of because the 
Canada's greatest First Nation protagonists, statesman 


and Plains Cree leader. Chief Big Bear fering because of the numerous events that transpired 


when he was 25 and by the time he was 36 was quite 
well known among the Plains Cree. By 1871 he was a 
leading Chief of the Prairie River people. By 1874 he 
headed a camp.of 65 lodges, or about 520 people. As 
his influence rose, and he worked with Chief 
Poundmaker to resist the government taking over their 
land he was looked up to as a peacemaker. Canada's 
, . , military leaders branded him a troublemaker because 

. . , . , , e ° ra e on , j he was the only Chief who refused to sign Treaty 6, 

why Little Bears claim is being rejected somethin he refused do because he ^ lieved he 
thp matter is now before the courts, but it is ld ---------- 

ible that Big Bear’s-*- f 


Government officials would m 


(Mistahimasqa). 

In his statement of claim, filed last November, Alex 
Little Bear says that government has never fulfilled its 
obligation with Big Bear's descendants 
and denies any claim that suggests the 
band ceased to exist after Big Bear's 
death in 1888. Little Bear says the gov¬ 
ernment still owes each band member 
128 acres of land and about $60 million 
for the damages and losses they've suf¬ 
fered because government failed to reg¬ 
ister Big Bear's reserve after he signed 
an 1882 adhesion to Treaty 6. 

The federal government disputes the 
claim and in their recently filed state¬ 
ment of defense state that Big Bear 
would not select a reserve site after the 
1882 adhesion. Saskatchewan says it 
shouldn't really be involved in the mat¬ 
ter and that if Big Bear's ancestors and 
band members are owed anything, it's 
up to the feds to figure it ( 

Alex Little Bear could 


sacrificing Aboriginal rights in exchange for 
reserve land. Six more years passed before Big Bear, 
/hose band numbers had now dwindled to an esti- 
people, was forced into a position where he 


after he signed the adhesion in December of 1882. 
r,. . , ... , uiaieu i i*t peupie, was rurceu unu a position wnere ne 

Big Bear spent much of the 1870s hying to unify ei(her si d the dea , or would £ , eft with the 

’**•““** the P rames 80 they would have prospect of watching his people die of 



a collective 


starvation. On December 8, 1882, Big 
Bear, signed the treaty in exchange for 
food. In reaction to the signing, Big 
Bear's son, Imasees, or Dark Claw, and 
his War Chief, Wandering Spirit, killed 
9 settlers at Frog Lake and burnt Fort 
Pitt, a settlement near the AlbertaT 
Saskatchewan border, to the ground. 
Big Bear tried to stop the killing spree 
but failed. The warriors were eventual¬ 
ly hanged for their acts but Big Bear, as 
Chief, took responsibility for the 
actions of his followers and surren¬ 
dered himself. Even though he'd done 
everything he could to prevent the situ¬ 
ation, Big Bear was found guilty of 
felony treason and sentenced to jail. 
After about a year of incarceration Big 
failing so badly that he 


le Poundmaker's reserve near his birthplace of North 


not be reached by Alberta of the main elements to Big Bear's plan was the estab- 

Native News for comment but according to his state- lishment of a single, but large reserve area with Battleford Saskatchewan. He died in January 1888, 

ment of claim, when Big Bear was forced to return to adjoining or adjacent borders, but the plan was denied less (han a after bej released from rison 

Canada from the United States in 1886, he was the by Ottawa, who at the time likely did not want to face Alex Liule Bear wh( y s now compe ting with the 

head of a small band that included 30 men, 38 women the possible consequences of allowing large numbers ^—a. of lawsu j ts that have already been filed 

j;..- -* - ~r T - J - - >— • “ region of agajjjst government by Aboriginal leaders, communi¬ 

ties and residential school victims, may have to wait 
years before his case even makes it to the judge's 


and 52 children. The claim states that the fact that 
treaty pay list had been established for Big Bear's 
band members by administrators in Ottawa after the 
adhesion to Treaty 6, proves that Canada did official¬ 
ly recognize the group as a distinct band. 


of Indigenous peoples to congregate in 
the country. 

Big Bear, who was bom near Jackfish Lake in 1825 
or what is now known as North Battleford, 
Saskatchewan, started to establish himself as a leader 


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6 


Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Mike Cardinal looks 
ahead to new challenges 


ers," he says. He found 
employment with Alberta 
Housing Corporation, work¬ 
ing on a northern develop¬ 
ment program as housing had 
deteriorated 


by H. C. Miller 

It’s been 10 years since Mike Cardinal became a 
cabinet minister, and 14 since he was first elected to 
the Alberta Legislature, but he says the goals that 
prompted him to run for public office are still beckon¬ 
ing brightly. 

"I grew up in Calling Lake in northern Alberta in the 
1950s. My dad was a trapper, and is still trapping at the 
age of 88, and my mom was a homemaker," he says. 
Cardinal was the second oldest in a family of 13 kids. 

He started working at a young age, first in a sawmill, 
and later in the construction and commercial fishery 
industries. "During that period of time the communi¬ 
ties of Calling Lake and others in the area were com¬ 
pletely self-sufficient. Alcoholism was almost unheard 
of, and few people used tobacco. People lived off the 
land in the traditional way - hunting, fishing, gather¬ 
ing and living in harmony with nature. People got 
along well and our culture was strong," he remembers. 

In the ‘50s the welfare system was introduced, along 
with increased regulations and restrictions and 
increased industrial activity. "Between 1952 and 1970, 
the community basically fell apart and over 80 percent 
of the people were dependent on the government. 
Culture was being lost and lots of drinking resulted in 
family disruptions and alcohol-related accidents which 
took lives needlessly," he remembers. 

It was during this period that he felt a need to leave 
private industry and get into a profession that would 
help people going through this transitoiy period. 
"Fortunately, our family was strong and we were able 
to continue to live healthy lifestyles, but I could see 
friends and other community members losing every¬ 
thing. I lost a lot of good friends through tragic acci¬ 
dents, and this all brought a strong desire to assist oth- 



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and thus began employment | 
with various government | 
programs that spanned the next 19 years. 

"In 1978 it was time to go back and get my grade 12. 

I had dropped out at grade 8 and knew I had a long I 
road ahead of me, but I did it," he says. Today he fully I 
supports education, and frequently urges young people f 
to stay in school and finish their schooling, then go or 
to post-secondary training, because therein lies thei 
future. 

The ‘80s were a busy time for Cardinal, sitting or 
town council for Slave Lake and chairing the 
Improvement District Council. "All along the way I sa 
on numerous committees involving social services and I 
economic development, but I still felt that people were I 
trapped in the welfare system," he says. He got I 

involved in a pilot project where people got back to ■■__■ 

work and off welfare, and vastly lowered the drop-out On a sunny morning in June 2002, Mike Cardinal, 
rate in high schools. The success of the project Minister of Sustainable Resource Development, 
prompted a desire to get involved at a higher level, and travelled to Star Lake - a popular fishing spot 15 
he decided to run for election in the legislative assem- kilometres south-west of Stony Plain. But rather 
bly of the Alberta government. "It was my hope to get than catch any fish, he helped stock the lake with 
into politics and then into social services and rainbow trout, part of the 'mprov.ng Alberta s 

make positrve changes. He ran in the 1989 electron A|be|1 ’ P/)0(0 Credit: Government of Alberta 

for the Progressive Conservative party for the 
Athabasca-Lac La Biche constituency. A large part of 

his platform concentrated on business development, Cardinal also sat on numerous cabinet committees as 
education and training programs to help Albertans well, before being appomted associate minister of 
make the successful transition from the traditional forestry, which was followed by the energy portfolio, 
lifestyle to the modem one of living off the resources, and most recently the ministry of sustainable resource 
"I also campaigned on welfare reform, where people development. His present work includes forestry, for- 
have a better alternative," he says. est fires, public lands, fish and wildlife, and matters 

The Getty government appointed him chair of the concerning large livestock operations. "It’s been a 
health and social services caucus committee and after challenging but rewarding time. But it gave me an 
about a year, when Ralph Klein became premier, he opportunity to try to improve the day-to-day existence 
was given the minister of family and social services of ah Albertans but especially the Aboriginal residents 
portfolio and also made responsible for Aboriginal of our province," he notes. His early involvement in 
affairs. "That gave me the perfect opportunity to do forestry and other industries has helped to prepare him 
what I’d started out wanting to do." Klein’s confidence for the job. 

was appreciated in appointing Cardinal as minister He notes that his co-worker. Pearl Calahasen who 
over one of the biggest and most controversial depart- represents the Lesser Slave Lake constituency, has also 
ments in the government. Within four months, his worked hard to ensure child poverty and other social 
department had introduced the first of its welfare service and economic issues are addressed. "We are 
reforms and the case load numbers began to fall - from not Native politicians, though, but politicians who are 
97,000 cases to under 30,000 today," he says. The Native," he adds. "There is a difference. We never for- 
resulting savings of dollars could then be directed to get our people, and we want them to have the opportu- 
the high-needs areas of children and persons with nity to participate in the same lifestyle as every 
developmental disabilities who truly cannot work and Albertan enjoys." 

families that cannot work. Modestly, Cardinal doesn’t There’s a lot of work ahead of him, though. "I have 
take full credit for the successes, as he says he had a lot no intentions of quitting," he says. His work energizes 
of good people who shared his vision and supported him and is the driving force in his day, and he rarely 
the programs being implemented. feels the strain that his busy portfolios have put on 

him. He has a standard 
answer when asked about 



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politics. "When I don’t see 
our people hitch-hiking 
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January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


few health resources and 
services available to 
_ Mdtis people to help with 

National Council Harley Desjarlais, health 

' ' r for the Mdtis 


top for Metis 


by H. C. Miller 

Gerald Morin has been removed from his position 
as president of the Metis National Council (MNC). 
The action occurred following an incident on 
December 11, 2002, which resulted in Morin being 
charged with assaulting a woman at an Ottawa hotel. 
He will appear in court on February 28. The board of 
governors of the Mdtis National Council asked Morin 
to resign on January 7, 2003, but he refused, and the 
decision to suspend him, which was unanimous, was 
reached on January 11. 

The decision also appointed Audrey Poitras, 
President of the Mdtis Nation of Alberta, as interim 
president and national spokesperson. "Our leadership 
must be held to the highest standards and values that 
reflect our people," said Poitras. "We are role models 
to our youth and communities." 

Morin, 42, admitted in a statement that alcohol had 
become a destructive factor in his life and he will be 
entering a treatment program for his drinking prob¬ 
lem. Poitras said that the entire council supported 
Morin’s commitment to seek treatment and com¬ 
mended him for addressing his health issues. "The 
board of governors will not condone any violence by 
its leadership and has zero tolerance for violence 
against women within our communities or within 
society as a whole," Poitras continued. "His actions 
made it impossible for him to effectively lead the 
Metis Nation." 

The incident has brought attention to the issues of 
substance abuse and family violence within the Metis 
Nation. "Due to ongoing bickering between the 



National Council. 

"Governments must 
begin working in partner¬ 
ship with us on these 

The MNC, along with 
the Assembly of First 
Nations and the Inuit 
Tapiriit Kanatami, has 
repeated its request to be 
provided with a seat at 
the table of the upcoming 
First Ministers 

Conference on Health. 

Desjarlais stated that 
health issues have been moved to the forefront of the 
MNC’s agenda as a result of the Morin incident. 
"When we began to look at some of the issues con¬ 
tributing to and arising from this situation we could 
see clearly that something has to be done," he said. 

The MNC board of governors will call a special 
general assembly within 90 days to review the sus¬ 
pension. Any future involvement by Morin will be 
decided at the general assembly. 

Morin was first elected president of the MNC in 
1993 and has successfully been re-elected five times. 
He received his bachelor of law degree in 1987 but did 
not enter the law profession, choosing instead to 
become involved in the Metis nationalist movement. 
The Green Lake, Saskatchewan native served as 
provincial secretary for the Metis Nation of 


Saskatchewan for three 
years and also served as 
president of the provin¬ 
cial organization before 
assuming his national 
presidency. 

Since 1989, the Metis 
have been recognized 
alongside Indian and 
Inuit as one of the three 
Aboriginal peoples of 
Canada. The MNC has 
represented the Metis at 
negotiations with the fed¬ 
eral, provincial and terri¬ 
torial governments. In 
1993 the MNC was 
restructured in prepara¬ 
tion for self-government, 
with ministers in charge 
of women’s issues, cul¬ 
ture, health and housing, 
hunting and fishing, the 
rironment, and justice. The organization represents 
:r 300,000 Metis in Canada. 


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— may they learn from our errors and model our virtues 

RYLAND 

ENGINEERING LTD. 

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 


201 -10327-178 St. 
Edmonton, AB T5S1R5 


Gardens 

in Yellowknife 


Ph: (867) 669-6400 • Fax: (867) 669-6456 

5605 - 50th Ave., Yellowknife, NT 



Saluting our Youth 

Kitaskinaw Education 
Authority Inc. 

Working Together With 
Enoch Cree First Nations 
To Promote A Brighter Future 


We proudly salute our Northern youth for their 
many accomplishments. May they continue to 
make positive choices in their lives. 

INUVIK NATIVE BAND 


P.O. Box 2570 
Inuvik, NT X0E 0T0 
Phone: (867) 777-3344 
Fax: (867) 777-3090 



fort 

W\*l*h*M 

McMurray 



LiA \ gimt at 8. 

<“SOI “Vi-s-nii l . • ™ ,■ 


If you served with the Canadian Armed 
Forces in the First World War, Second 
World War or Korean War, you may be 
able to receive up to $20,000 from the 
Government of Canada. 

Surviving spouses or common-law 
partners may also be eligible for the 
First Nations Veterans Package. 
Additionally, their estates may be 
eligible if the Veteran, surviving spouse 
or common-law partner passed away 
after February 1,2000. 

Applications must be submitted to the 
address below by February 15, 2003. 

To find out more about who is eligible, 
or to request an application form, call 
toll-free: 1 -800-818-3286 For the 
Hearing Impaired call 1-800-465-7735. 

Or write: 

Veterans Affairs Canada 

First Nations Veterans Project 
P0 Box 7700 

Charlottetown, PEI CIA 8M9 
www.vac-acc.gc.ca 

i+i ^=r AMre sr°“ 


FIRST NATIONS 

VETERANS: 

Are You 
Eligible? 






























Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Focus on Northern Development 


Economic expansion 
planned for Fort McKay 
First Nation 


The government of Canada has announced an 
investment of $ 1.5 million in federal funding to assist 
the Fort McKay First Nation of northeastern Alberta 
in expanding its long-term economic development 
opportunities. 

In partnership with the private sector, the Fort 
McKay First Nation is planning to establish an indus¬ 
trial and commercial centre in northeastern Alberta for 
companies servicing the oil sands industry. 
Strategically located 60 kilometres north of Fort 
McMurray, Alberta, in the geographic centre of the 
oils sands development, the industrial park will take 


advantage of an estimated $1.5 billion in new invest¬ 
ment this year by the petroleum industry and an esti¬ 
mated $50 billion over the next 12 years. 

The federal funding, part of a total $3.4 million 
project, will be used to provide infrastructure such as 
electricity, natural gas, telephone, high speed Internet 
and non-po'table water to the industrial park. Fort 
McKay and other First Nations will operate business¬ 
es located in the park, providing them the opportunity 
to establish long-term relationships with private 
industry contracting goods and services to the oil 
sands on a one-on-one basis or in joint ventures. First 


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Every Superior Propane heater, cylinder and tank is 
built to: 

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b. maintain reliable service in even the coldest 
weather conditions; 

c. meet or exceed all applicable standards. No 
propane company is more dedicated to safety 
than Superior Propane. 


1. After close consultation with the customer, 
we can determine BTU requirements, as well as 
the number and type of heaters required for your 

2. We develop a heating system design and 
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Nations and their members in the Fort McMurray area 
will benefit from opportunities created by the tenants 
in the park. 

“This project is a great example of how govern¬ 
ment, industry and First Nations can work together to 
promote self-reliance among First Nation members 
and to expedite the path toward independence,” said 
Chief Jim Boucher of the Fort McKay First Nation. 

The 38 hectare (80 acre) park will offer lease clients 
serviced industrial land in lots ranging between two to 
three hectares. The lot size can be reduced or enlarged 
to suit the needs of potential tenants. 

As there currently exists no industrial subdivision 
north of the City of Fort McMurray, this industrial 
park is an opportunity for Fort McKay First Nation to 
capitalize on a market niche to help meet the current 
needs of contractors and companies looking for indus¬ 
trial sites. The Regional Municipality of Wood 
Buffalo, in which the City of Fort McMurray is locat¬ 
ed, has approved a new industrial category for this 
subdivision. 

Many of the companies expressing interest in the 
industrial park will maintain their base operations in 
Fort McMurray, while establishing branch or mainte¬ 
nance operations in the new industrial park, ensuring 
the market potential of this project is based on oil 
sands expansion rather than the dislocation of existing 
businesses. 



IsZT 1-800-578-7878 
















January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


9 





LUMBERMATE™ 2000 

PORTABLE 

BAND 

SAWMILLS 


Call today for more details! 

1-800-661-7746 Ext. 125 website: www.norwoodmdustnes.com 
Norwood Industries Inc. • R.R. #2 Kilworthy, Ontario, Cana^POEJGO 


KAINAIWA 


Blood Tribe Administration 


Air North 
continues to soar 


happy, they had the option of picking up the remain- The Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation is located at Old 
ing 18 percent. They were happy and they now own Crow, about 800 kilometres north of Yellowknife and 
about 48 percent of Air North. just inside the Arctic Circle. The community, which 

"Being an isolated community with no road access," many archeologists believe to be the first settlement in 
said Joe Sparling, of the need for a quality airline North America, is home to about 380 Vuntut Gwitchin 
service in the north, "Old Crow generates substantial citizens. Isolated and accessible only by air, (boat in 
freight volumes in the form of groceries, mail, fumi- the summer) the community, which encompasses 
ture, consumer items and building materials and it is about 38 hectares (92 acres) of land, relies on air serv- 
this air freight which provides the impetus for large ice for almost every basic need. Included in the facil- 
v.- - aircraft service six days per week on our north sched- ities available to band members are an administration 

northern-based airline company has continued uled serv ice". building, a community hall, a fire station, a general 

grow and to be successful for over 25 years. Air North staff, which numbered about 30 just two store, a restaurant, a workshop, warehouses, service 

partner and the current y ears ag0i have seen their numbers nearly double stations/garages and a cultural and drop-in centre. The 
“ ”” “ " f since the Vuntut Development Corporation first got Vuntut Gwitchin Tribal Council set up an Economic 

involved. Development Corporation to oversee the community's 

"We are currently providing airline service to Old economic future and also owns the Old Crow Co- 
Crow, Inuvik, Dawson City, Fairbanks, Anchorage, operative Association, and a 50 percent share in 
Yukon Cabins. The co-op runs a : 


Mr. Sparii 

president of Air North, said he attributes much of 
company’s success over the years to the "quality peo¬ 
ple, outstanding support and common-sense spend¬ 
ing” that has been the forte of the company since its 

And perhaps that's why he and his new part¬ 
ners, the Vuntut Development Corporation, a 
company owned by the Vuntut Gwitchin First 
Nation, are continuing to make progress. Both 
partners have the same philosophies and they 
share the same patience, perseverance, dedica¬ 
tion and determination. They are both determined 
to see their goals reach fruition but they both 
know success takes time. 

"The Vuntut Development Corporation owns 
nearly 48 percent of Air North," explained 
Sparling. "Nearly two percent is owned by about 
420 local shareholders who invested in the com¬ 
pany last year. The working relationship between 
the partners in this venture has been outstanding; 
we are all confident in the future." 

Steven Mills is the president of the Vuntut 
Development Corporation. In a recent interview, 
he said that the Vuntut Gwitchin's share in the 
airline company is just one of many ventures the 
progressive First Nation community has been 
involved with in recent years. He called the deci¬ 
sion to purchase the Air North shares "a sound 
investment that will help provide a rewarding 
future for the people of this region and beyond." 

He said that Air North is a proven commodity 
that has been delivering reliable service for more 

than 23 years. "The airline has an excellent reputation j uneaUj Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, and 
and it's been under the same management since its Whitehorse," said Sparling. "We have three-day-a- 
inception." week j e t service between Whitehorse and Vancouver 

True enough. When co-founder Tom Woods decid- and between Whitehorse, Edmonton and Calgary and 
ed he wanted out of the airline business a couple of regu i ar flights to and from Old Crow, Juneau, 
years back, the Vuntut Gwitchin proclaimed their Fairbanks, Inuvik and Dawson City." 


The Vuntut Development Corporation was 
designed as a for-profit economic force partici¬ 
pating in, planning for and facilitating the cre¬ 
ation of successful business ventures for citizens 
of the Vuntut First Nation. The corporation has 
been successful at meeting its goals, but that 
doesn’t come as a surprise to Steven Mills. 

“Our corporate philosophy states, among other 
things, that we believe that our first responsibili¬ 
ty is to our shareholders, our grandparents, moth¬ 
ers, fathers, youth and children who will benefit 
from our businesses and our successes. We 
believe that business must make a sound profit. 
We understand that we must experiment with 
new ideas. We are responsible to our employees 
and we must respect them and recognize their 
merit. We provide strong management and we 
ensure their actions are just and ethical. We are 
also responsible to the communities, in which we 
live and work. We understand that we must be 
good citizens and support community undertak¬ 
ings - and these things we strive to achieve on a 
daily basis - that's why we are certain to suc- 

Continued on Page 12 


interest and bought in for about 30 percent of his 
shares. The remaining 18 percent were held in escrow; 
if the Gwitchin weren't happy with the arrangement, 
the airline would buy back their shares - if they were 


We encourage our Youth in their endeavours, 
for in their hands lies the future of our people. From 
Chief Chris Shade, and Councillors: Randy bottle, Dolores Day Chief, 
Rodney First Rider, Jason Good Striker, William T. Long Time Squirrel, 
Kirby Manyfingers, Daniel Mistaken Chief, Oliver Shouting, Clement Soup, 
Ira Tail Feathers, Marcel Weasel Head, Franklin Wells 


Air North provides charter service to any destina- 
ion in North America. They also provide airline sup- 
iort services in Whitehorse and are currently, or have 
n the past, provided such services to First Air, Royal 
Airlines, Canada 3000 and 




















Alberta Native News January, 2003 

10 . ,. , mr halanre bv the jointly owned by longtime oilfield consultant, Kerry 

Shehtah Drilling StSSSwSS 

known as Deh Cho Drilling L • Fraser Bonneville, Alberta, to provide supervision, schedul- 

explained Shehtah Busmess Manag B F ^ assistance and industry expertise with regard to 

sszxs'rC.'i »' - - - '"“ a t 

owned by the Dene people of the Northwest ^ Shehtah rigs are not being utilized by 


sets new 
precedents 


by John Copley 


Territories. 

"The five Dene regions 
Nunavut to the Yukon 
border and from Inuvik 


Since its inception, the Yellowknife based, Shehtah 
Drilling Limited, has strived to meet its objectives and 

with newly refurbished drilling RIGS and a deca e j-—• "j Fort Smjth jn 
worth of contracts already in the filing cabinet the sout h. 

future looks good for the company, a subsidiary of the A roximately 15,000 
Denendeh Development Corporation. Dene comp rise the 27 

"It took nearly 15 years for the company to become (e £ ene bands 

a 100 percent Aboriginally owned enterprise v' represented by 

explained Shehtah Drilling Ltd. President and P Denen d e h 

Chairman of the Board, Greg Nyuli. Our strategic D , opment 

objective has been to grow steadily toward the devel- ti » 

opment of a profitable, safely operated, Aboriginally- shehtah Drilling's 
owned drilling and well servicing company.jtj^ four . rig fleet comprises 
"triple" oil-drilling 


a winding road, and at tir 


le that is current- 


multi-year contract 
with Imperial Oil 
Resources in Norman 
Wells. 

"Shehtah has already 


icing company. It': 
les a difficult one,' 

managed to overcome the obstacles." - 

Sound business decisions and good working rela- 8 
tionships, both within the communities and within the 8 > under 

oil and gas industry he added, are beginning pay * n £ vexr contra 
off. "Shehtah Drilling is designed and organized t 
provide oilfield drilling services to customers li 
Canada, primarily in the Western Canadiai 
Sedimentary Basin (WCSB), and until recently, tb 

Mackenzie Valley of the Northwest Territories, , . 

explained Nyuli. "The company's business consists a ‘ . . 

primarily of term drilling services contracts for both arrangement with 
drilling rigs and service rigs; we deal mainly with key Par ™° unt 
customers in the oil and gas industry." ° f ,, C g , y ° 

Shehtah Drilling Limited was formed in 1984 by a bo h of sl je hta n 
partnership that included Imperial Oil Resources Ltd., dnlling rigs for the next 
the Metis Development Corporation (MDC) and the ten years said Fraser, 

Denendeh Development Corporation. The company commenting^ on the 
was originally developed to provide drilling services availability of work for 
to Imperial Oil's Mackenzie Valley operations, a con- the company s equip- 
tjactual task that Shehtah has continued to provide for ment ; The . , c0 " lp ® nsa ‘ . 

forSOpercl^S^r-Me^tr^S^^^S the debt service requirements thaf were created in the Stellarton Resources Inc., Celsius., Energy, Ino., 
; p fall of 2001 when the company, for purely economic Gauntlet Energy Corn., Paramount Resources Inc, 


Northwest assets. 

When the Shehtah rigs are n 
5a west of long-term contract customers the company is 

provide drilling and/or 
service work to cus¬ 
tomers in the open mar¬ 
ket. "Until recently, the 
historic focus of the 
business had been only 
within the Norman Wells 
proven area and the high 
arctic," explained Fraser, 
but as a result of the 
agreements between 
Shehtah and Wilson 
Drilling Ltd., the compa¬ 
ny has been able to 
expand its market and 
provide its services 
throughout the WCSB. 

"The long-term deal 
with Paramount 

Resources has provided 
the stability that Shehtah 
needs to pursue the 
acquisition of a third 
drilling rig," added 
Fraser, "one that will be 
suitable for northern 
markets where the 
demand for Shehtah's 
services remains promi- 

During the past few 
years Shehtah Drilling 
has also provided 
drilling, work-overs and 
various oil producers, including 



TWO NEW 

DRILl RICS 



r J , ,__ Gauntlet Energy Corp., Paramount Resources Inc, 

reasons, spent about $12 (drilling and service work), Alberta Energy Company 
million to refurbish the two and Imperial Oil Resources Ltd. 
drilling rigs. "Shehtah's continued growth and business success," 

"The old rigs were out- said Fraser, "will require continued development of 
dated and no longer suit- the company's resources, including personnel devel- 
able," explained Fraser, opment, management development, safety systems, 
"They were too large and internal systems (including management controls), the 
bulky for competitive posi- hiring and training of new personnel and other such 
tioning in the north - it just factors." 

cost too much to move Having the proper equipment and maintaining qual- 
them around. The refur- ified personnel are two factors that make the compa- 
bishment included a major ny a success, but there's a lot more to it than that, 
overhaul of all compo- assured President Greg Nyuil. 
nents: both rigs have been "Integrity and reliability," said Nyuil, "are two 
important elements to success. Our rigs are built 
specifically for northern conditions, they are designed 
to move, assemble and drill wells in the Canadian 
north. Each is winterized, including the single/doubles 
the lease service rigs, and that allows us to operate in even the 
with harshest of conditions." 

Respect for the environment is another important 
also contracted Calgary- factor, added Nyuil. "Shehtah has a commitment to 
based, Wilson Drilling ensure that its daily operations do not have a negative 
source drilling impact on the environment. Guidance is provided for 
employees regarding environmental protection, 
ite management, waste disposal and the mainte- 
of work sites in accordance with the applicable 


streamlined 
needs, and both are now 
technologically competi- 

Concurrent 
arrangement 
Paramount, Shehtah has 


Ltd., 

work for, and manage 
Shehtah's drilling rigs and 

Mp related ancillary assets for nance oi wont sues m ac 
the duration of the lease environmental standards, 
arrangement under the iBt " J 


The Board of Directors receives regular reports 
of Shehtah Wilson regarding compliance with environmental protection 
Drilling Partnership. programs. The company's efforts are supplemented by 

Wilson Drilling operates proactive support from the Canadian Association of 
Oilwell Drilling Contractors through development of 
industry-wide training and information materials and 

More information about 
Shehtah Drilling Ltd. can 
be obtained by contacting 
the company at its head 
office: #332, 5120 - 49th 
Street, P.O. Box 2725, 
Yellowknife, NT X1A 2R1 
or at its Calgary office: 
1300, 510-5th Street, S.W., 
Calgary, ABT2P3S2 or by 
calling (867) 920-0308. 


A D&D 

OILFIELD RENTALS 

J Box 548, Redcliff, AB TOJ 2P0 


it 


(403) 548-2700 Fox (403) 548-2244 


















January, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Heritage Community Foundation 
creates Treaty 8 exhibit 

by John Copley 


The Edmonton-based Heritage Community 
Foundation (HCF) is an educational trust with chari¬ 
table objectives, and a talented cast of players who 
know how to utilize their skills to achieve a success¬ 
ful end result. The group's first major collective effort, 
a virtual exhibit entitled The Making of Treaty 8 in 
Canada’s Northwest provides an informative and 
interesting website commemoration of an historic 
event of enormous importance to Alberta’s northern 
First Nations. The Treaty 8 exhibit can be found at 
http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/. 

''The most exciting thing about it," assures Heritage 
Community Foundation Executive Director, Adriana 
Davies, Ph.D. "is that the Treaty 8 Virtual Exhibit is 
just phase one of an ambitious plan that will eventual¬ 
ly see major educational websites developed around 
each of the treaties involving Alberta territories." 

But encouraging the public to check out the HCF 
Virtual Museum website isn't the only way the 
Foundation delivers its important messages. 

"The project team," explains Davies, "has also taken 
the show on tour, so to speak. We recently visited the 
Native Cultural Arts Museum in Grouard and the 
response we got was extremely positive. Kim Palmer, 
our Project Manager, surfed the site for the group of 
Elders and teachers who formed a ring around the 
computer in the Museum Director's office. As one of 
the families who attended the virtual tour reviewed 
the maps, images and the Treaty 8 facsimile, they rem¬ 
inisced about family, friends and neighbours. The cou¬ 
ple, Mr. and Mrs. Giroux, who are both in their early 
90's, hadattended mission school and over lunch, Mrs. 
Giroux talked of how the nuns had taught the girls to 
embroider and carefully stitch the altar cloths and 
priest's vestments, now stored in the cathedral next 
door to the Centre. Besides the web team, two teach¬ 
ers from the community listened as the Giroux's 
stitched' together the logic of the maps and their life 
knowledge of the community's experience, people and 


places. Astounded by this, the teachers wanted to 
immediately start using the site to support student 
projects." 

And that's the response the team got from everyone 
who attended the various display sessions that were 
held across northern Alberta. 

"It was an eventful day," explains Davies. "The peo¬ 
ple got involved and they enjoyed themselves. So did 
we; not just because of the success of the Virtual Tour 
but because of the enthusiasm with which it was met. 
There was vibrancy in the air and we are all looking 
forward to phase two of our plan, to develop yet 
another website for Alberta's treaty regions.” 

Also included on the project team was Dulcie 
Meatheringham, a Metis of Cree. .ancestry and the 
Foundation's former Webmaster, Erik Lee 
Christophersen, a Research Assistant whose ancestry 
derives from Treaty 6, and two Technical Assistants, 
Davor Babic and Shawn Blais. "Heritage Community 
Foundation staff members are very aware of the 
importance of assisting First Nations in presenting 
their rich culture and heritage," remarked Davies. "We 
are dealing with living cultures that have the power to 
motivate and inspire, as well as to inform, educate and 
enlighten. This is particularly so with cultures in 
which the oral tradition remains a living link between 
generations. Paradoxically, this is an area where new 
technology can be linked to traditional knowledge to 
create materials to not only enrich but also redefine 
curriculum." 

The challenge of designing, preparing and develop¬ 
ing programs with significant digital content on the 
World Wide Web is an enormous undertaking, and 
even more so when the work being done has been 
designed to represent the diversity of Canadian cul¬ 
tural lifestyles. 

"With respect to mainstream cultural content," 
explains Davies, "there are established institutions, 
such as museums, art galleries and archives, with a 


111 

public trust mandate and technical expertise to under¬ 
take this work. With respect to First Nations commu¬ 
nities, the desire to contribute online content is there, 
but the resources are lacking. This is a gap that the 
Heritage Community Foundation wishes to help 
address by partnering with First Nations organizations 
and other holders of Aboriginal content to undertake 
digitization and web development projects." 

Foundation Trustees and staff, added Davies, "firm¬ 
ly believe that we can put new technology to work to 
enable First Nations to not only preserve, but also help 
perpetuate cultural knowledge and traditional ways. 
We want to develop "mediated" content, such as web¬ 
sites, and we also want to help create a publicly acces¬ 
sible repository of primary information that fully 
respects First Nations' laws, customs, practices and 
traditions." 

To help facilitate the needs of their various projects 
and undertakings, the Heritage Community 
Foundation and its First Nations partners are seeking 
funding support from organizations, government bod¬ 
ies, companies and individuals interested in partici¬ 
pating in these worthwhile projects. The group is cur¬ 
rently working with a new set of partners, including 
the Glenbow Museum, Historic Site Service, the Sir 
Alexander Galt Museum, the Fort McLeod Museum 
and Treaty 7 First Nations while they develop a 
Virtual Exhibit for the Treaty 7 region. 

For more information contact Adriana Davies at 
Heritage Community Foundation, Suite 54 9912 
106th Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5K 1C5 or phone 
(780) 424-6512 (ext 222) or email 

adriana.davies@heritagecommunityfdn.org. 


Value Village 

at 11850 - 103 Street, Edmonton, AB 

Quality pre-owned clothing 
and household items at prices 
everyone can afford. 

Value Tel. (780) 477-0025 

Village Treasures at every turn 


* 

Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs, 

Northern Development and Natural Resources 

ComitE permanent des Affaires autochtones, 
du dEveloppement du Grand Nord et des essources naturelles 

BILL C-7 

PROJET DE LOI C-7 

The First Nations 

Loi sur la gouvernance 

Governance Act 

des Premieres nations 


T he House of Commons Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs, 
Northern Development and Natural Resources, will be holding hearings 
across Canada to seek the views of First Nations members, leaders and 
organizations on the proposed First Nations Governance Act. 

Persons and groups interested in appearing before the Committee on the 
legislation are invited to submit their request in writing by January 24,2003 
to the Committee Clerk: 

Elizabeth Kingston 

Room 632,180 Wellington Street, House of Commons 
Ottawa, Ontario K1A0A6 
Fax:613-996-1962 E-mail: AANR@parl.gc.ca 
The Clerk will notify those selected to appear and provide all necessary information. 

Those not selected (or unable) to appear before the Committee may prepare 
written or taped submissions, which must be received by the Clerk no later than 
February 14,2003. 

Each day’s hearings will also allow time for some individuals who have not made 
formal requests to address the Committee, providing they identify themselves at 
the witness registration desk. 

For more information about locations and schedule, visit www.parl.gcca and 
click on “Committee Business” or call 1 (613)996-1173. 


L e Comitt permanent des Affaires autochtones, du developpement du Grand 
Nord et des ressources naturelles de la Chambre des communes, tiendra dans 
les difKrentes regions du Canada, des consultations pour connaitre le point de vue 
des membres, des dirigeants et des organisations des Premieres nations concemant 
le projet de loi sur la gouvernance des Premitres nations. 

Les personnes et les groupes qui souhaitent presenter au Comitt un expost sur 
le projet de loi sont invitts a soumettre leur demande par tcrit a la greffitre du 
Comitt d’ici le 24 janvier 2003 : 

Elizabeth Kingston 

180, rue Wellington, Pitce 632, Chambre des communes 
Ottawa (Ontario) K1A0A6 
Fax: (613) 996-1962 Courriel: AANR@parLgc.ca 
La greffitre communiquera avec ceux qui auront ttt choisis afin de leur fournir les 
renseignements ntcessaires. 

Ceux qui, pour une raison ou une autre, ne peuvent pas comparaltre peuvent tout 
de meme soumettre a la greffitre au plus tard le 14 ftvrier 2003 un mtmoire 
manuscrit ou enregistrt. 

A toutes les stances, du temps sera rtservt afin que les inttressts puissent prtsenter 
un bref expost au Comitt. Les personnes dtsireuses de participer de cette fa?on 
devront se prtsenter au bureau description des ttmoins. 

L’horaire des dtplacements du Comitt et toutes autres informations pertinentes 
seront versts dans le site Internet du Comitt t www.parl.gc.ca, diquez sur 
.< Travaux des comitts » ou composer le 1 (613) 996-1173. 


Canada 


















Athabasca 
Tribal Council to 
continue role in 
oil sands 


mlueOroductive^working reial^nshi^'inte 0 impfc- 



ENCOURAGING OUR YOUTH IN ALL THEIR END EAVOUR S 

INLAND 


HEIDELBERGCEMENT Group 

Working together to build our Communities 


Inland Concrete Limited 
17410- 107 Avenue 
dmonton, Alberta T5S 1E9 


) • Fax: (780) 423-6360 


1 


(780) 455-5533 


nomically self-sufficient,” said Department of Indian 
Affairs and Northern Development Minister Robert 
Nault. 

The Athabasca Tribal Council, established in 1988, 
represents five First Nations with a population of 
approximately 5,000 members in the Fort McMurray 
region. It is comprised of the First Nations of 
Athabasca Chipewyan, Chipewyan Prairie, Mikisew 
Cree, Fort McKay and Fort McMurray #468. 

The continuation of this agreement will enhance 
ATC’s commitment to build strong economies and 
long-term sustainable capacity in the five First Nation 
communities. 

May our children be blessed to follow the 
paths of wisdom, peace and love 

Prince Charles School 


Registering now for 
September 2003 
Grades K- 4 



SASKATCHEWAN INDIAN FEDERATED 
COLLEGE/NATIONAL SCHOOL OF 
DENTAL THERAPY 

Now accepting applications for 2 year Dental Therapy training 
course in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. 

Application deadline: March 31, 2003. 

For more information on this excellent career opportunity, please 
call 1-800-359-3576 


Air North 



of 40 passengers or approximately 10,000 pounds of 
cargo. Due to the large cargo volumes on Air North's 
scheduled service runs, explained Sparling, the com¬ 
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configuration. 

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668-2228, toll free 1-800-661-0407 or visit www.fly- 
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its challenge and opportunity. 

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January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


13 


Youth Awareness 


CWY youth off 
to Mexico 

by H. C. Miller 

Eight Alberta youth left January 16 for a three 
month stay in the Mexican village of Amatlan. The 
Aboriginal young people are participants in the 
Canada World Youth (CWY) organization which pro¬ 
vides young people with 
opportunities to travel, live, 
and work in different commu¬ 
nities. The object is to learn 
about local and international 
development, and to gain 
important job skills for their 
futures. 

CWY staff members Jody 
Hamilton and Elaine Letendre 
are the local project supervi¬ 
sors who arranged the trip. The 
Metis and First Nation trav¬ 
ellers, who were selected by 
Oteenow Employment 

Services and the Metis Nation 
of Alberta, attended extensive 
orientation earlier in the 
month. The two Edmonton- 
based organizations, along 
with the Canadian Human 
Resource Development branch 
of the federal government, are 
partners in CWY exchange 
programs. 

"Candidates must be 20 to 25 years old and unem¬ 
ployed, or bnderemployed,-and have been out of: 
school for at least six months," explains Hamilton. 
"As well, they must have a desire to learn more about 
their own and other cultures." The participants are 
expected to return to their communities as leaders, 
such as being role models for other youth, she adds. 
"They must also come back with clear goals as to then- 
education and employment plans. In Mexico they'll 
participate in volunteer work placements as well as 
’ ’ ":s where they'll research different 


V\nd the power of 
* wonder moves all / 
.. things-puppets ^ 

shadows - whirling 

in die stream of time." 

IGitaXVIlUl 



With approximately 90 percent of Mexico being of 
indigenous heritage, the young people are looking for¬ 
ward to being immersed in the loci culture. "The vil¬ 
lage is going to present a real opportunity for compar¬ 
ison of life in Mexico and life here at home. It'll be a 
totally different situation and will give the participants 
a critical view of life in an indigenous community in 
Mexico," she adds. The village of Amatlan is in the 
state of Morelos, about 90 minutes from Mexico City. 
"It is known as the birthplace of com, which is a big 
part of the native culture in Mexico." 

Economically, the Mexicans they will be visiting 
are not likely to be as well off 
as their Canadian visitors. 
"Typically the villagers are 
involved in small-scale family 
farms, and live in humble 
adobe brick dwellings. They 
grow their own com and enjoy 
an agricultural lifestyle," she 

The young people were real¬ 
ly excited during the last few 
weeks before departure. "A lot 
of our orientation was cultural 
awareness so we have a good 
understanding of our own cul¬ 
ture. Some of our participants 
have had less opportunity to be 
involved in traditional activi¬ 
ties and lifestyle so we needed 
to be well-grounded," explains 
Hamilton. After the group 
returns in three months time 
they will spend an additional 
few days together in Edmonton 
before returning to their homes. "The employability 
skills are an underlying thread throughout the whole 
experience, although it is by no means the whole 
focus of the trip. Time management skills, handling 

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stress successfully, and presentation skills are among 
the many achievements they will have discovered and 
gained as they participate in their volunteer work 
placements. They will have worked in pairs in local 
Mexican schools and community health centres. 

The people of Amatlan have been preparing to wel¬ 
come the youth. "I went to the village in October of 
2002 to interview host families and prepare the com¬ 
munity for the visit," says Hamilton. Several key 
members of the village have been identified as 
resources in terms of cultural, educational, and devel¬ 
opment issues. "We've already found lots of cultural 
similarities which we are anxious to explore, such as 
their version of a sweat, called a temazcal. It is a heal¬ 
ing ceremony inspired by the ancient Aztecs." 

Young readers are 
encouraged to apply soon 
to attend the 2003 trip. "We 
barely had enough appli¬ 
cants this year. We could 
have taken more. Please 
feel free to call us at 432- 
1877, or toll free at 1-877- 
929-6884." More informa¬ 
tion and application forms 
are available at CWY's 
web-site www.cwy- 
jcm.org." Interested youth 
can leave their names and a 
phone number anytime and 

shape for the next trip, they 
will be contacted, she con¬ 
cludes. "It's a life-changing 
experience and one which 
will bring new skills and 
whole new perspective t 
those youth who partici- 


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NOTICE OF VOTE: 

MEMBERS OF SIKSIKA NATION 


Discrepancy (Sur 


itification Vote \ 

Claim, to deterr 
it between Canada and the Si 
522.6 acres (more or less) described as tl 
proposed Trust Agreement. 

The Electors, for the purpose of the Ratification Vote, 


11 be held on February 4 & 5, 2003, regarding the Siksika Acreage 
ne if the Electors of Siksika Nation approve the proposed Settlement 
sika Nation, assent to the absolute and unconditional surrender of 12, 
Claim Lands in the Settlement Agreement, and approve the terms of the 


The Ratificatio 

• February 


r off Siksika In. 


Vote will take place: 

, 2003 from 9:00 a.m. 


ediately if you require 




Copies of the Settlement Agreen 
Agreement may be obtained by curuucuni 
Stephanie Weasel Child 
Siksika Administration Office, Land Claii 
Telephone: (800) 551-5724, Ext. 5143, oi 
(403) 734-5143 


Information regarding the voting process 
may be obtained from: 

Lisa Balsillie, Electoral Officer 
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada 

Telephone: (780) 495-2131 I Q Tl H SI 

(collect calls will be accepted) ldUd 


























Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Society helps 
teens turn away 
from crime 


by H. C. Miller 


port system in place to 
re-connect them with 
the community and 
break that cycle," she 
says. "We are well 
linked to other agencies 
in the community, and 
can help with issues of 
addictions, parenting, 
unemployment and fur¬ 
ther educational oppor- 


Shoplifting is often a teen’s first contact with the 
criminal justice system. Retail stores are getting more 
and more aggressive in catching shoplifters and tech¬ 
nology has increased the likelihood of detection. Once 
caught, teens may face charges by the police as well 
as being fined by the store. 

Young girls who have been caught shop-lifting have 
a great resource to help ensure they don’t re-offend. 

"Their first court appearances often result in a warn¬ 
ing or in a sentence of community work, and no 
charges are laid," says Bev Sochatsky of the Elizabeth 
Fry Society. "But if they appear before a court on a 
second or third charge, they aren’t so lucky." 

There’s a high incidence of shoplifting among 
young teens, explains the executive director of the 
Edmonton chapter. The reasons behind shoplifting are 
far more complex than poverty. Often the real issues continue to senu 
are unresolved anger and loss, and shopliftmg is a call “ ° P 
for help. They feel that society has taken from them, 
and they need to take back," she says. 

"Once arrested a few times, they get a criminal 
record and that closes a whole bunch of doors. They 
can’t volunteer, they can’t go back to school, they 
can’t get employment." The Society is working to 
ensure the young women never reach this stage, or if 
they do, that every option is exercised to reopen those 
- --’-final record, 


tunities. 

The Edmonton chap¬ 
ter started in 1977. 
"Our mandate is to 
work exclusively with 
young girls and women 
in conflict with the law. 
Believe it or not, some 
things haven’t changed 
since 200 years ago 
when founder Elizabeth 
Fry, a prison reformer 
and Quaker mother of 
11 children, first estab¬ 
lished the Society. We 


that there are systemic 
issues that contribute to 
those conditions," she 



who commit crimes, she 
continues. "Many have 
only a grade eight edu¬ 
cation and are unable to 
find meaningful work. 
As well, they don’t have 
the resources to return 
to the classroom and 
start working toward a 
career." The Society’s 
integrated literacy and 
life skills program is 
very successful as it 
approaches literacy 
from a holistic perspec¬ 
tive. "It’s not so much 
spelling and grammar, 
but writing creatively 
on a daily basis," she 




is well, tl 


Teens have often left 
school early and have low levels of literacy. They live ronment, we ci 
in poverty, and many have experienced se—| H "“ 1 f “™ 

’iscrimination, and addict: 


are encouraged to talk 
about the issues in their 
lives and begin to iden¬ 
tify those which they 
can work on. 

Some are survivors of 
abusive situations and 
need to get help dealing 
with many negative 
feelings. Others are 
already parents and 
welcome help with par¬ 
enting skills. "If we can 
keep these young moms 
out of the prison envi- 
keep her children out of the child 


- -- ; , , ,,, „ discrimination ana addiction, we recognize as wen u mo wiininii no gu in prison, staff -- 

T t 8 kv a Stlffcourt wo7ker° n helD a the teens ‘hat °“ r Aboriginal clients have experienced a disrap- week, talking with them about resources that they 
ochatskv. Staff court workers help the teens ^ identity which history forced on them . .» -- — gg 

This has had unfortunate consequences and they need 
to get a stronger sense of who they are and their place 

in the world," adds Sochatsky. The young women well, other services are needed, such as appropriate 
for the have the opportunity to participate in talking circles, clothing for their release. If they were incarcerated 
le Teen traditional crafts, and sweats. A traditional summer the summer they may ”3 B™ 
a sup- campout with Elders, including well-known Chr 
v Daniels, helps ‘- 


adds Sochatsky. Staff 
through the overwhelming first contact with the jus¬ 
tice system. 

The eleven employees at the Elizabeth Fry Society 
help the teens explore what the driving force was, 
physical need of the item is rarely the reasoi 
theft, she explains. "In the eight weeks that me 
Stop-lifting program runs they are helped to get 


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__ie out and frequently advocating 

for them. Talking to somebody from the outside helps 
to build a bridge to the world beyond the prison. "As 


have winter clothes when 
months later. We have a clothing bank, 
by some incredible caring individu- 


i their culture and als.” Getting back to work o 


o school without a 


traditions. 

One of the Society’s 
lengths is the network of 
employers who require 
staffing personnel on a 
short-term basis. "The 
work for an 
employer who recognizes a 
valuable employee 


vardrobe of so 
able barrier. The Society also provides a release kit 
which provides personal hygiene supplies, informa¬ 
tion on HIV/Hep C and other helpful and necessary 


The issues in the youth’s lives often make them fear 
they’ll never see the light at the end of the tunnel, but 
Elizabeth Fry has the staff and the programs to help 
each one take the steps necessary to improve her life, 
when an opening occurs she "It’s important work and the staff is key to the success 
the first hired," she says, of their veiy important work. With our help, our 
There is a great link clients can look forward to a better future." 


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0 














January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


15 



Serving clients more than 90 years 




Consulting • Engineering • Construction • Management Services 

Community Infrastructure 

Municipal Infrastructure • Infrastructure Management • Land Development 
Planning • Community Buildings • Landscape Archite cture 

Earth and Water 


All TV T _ " 1 mother language. It speaks to their heart 

All JN ations welcome uke ™ <->■ ™ s is 

t never more true than when it comes to read- 

o f f n in -j- n lvl n ing scriptures," she continues. "There are 

Cl L ulilij laUlC often no equivalent words in English or 

French or Spanish." As most indigenous 
by H. C. Miller languages are oral and no written materials 

A brilliant yet peaceful painting depicting the Last exist ’ tbe linguists often start by designing 

Supper, which shows Jesus Christ at the table with his “ al P habet - The Canada Institute of Linguistics, which 
disciples, has viewers taking a second look. The faces makes U P linguistics department of Trinity Western 
of those surfounding the holy figure represent a wide Umvera «y located in Langley, British Columbia teach- 
range of modem indigenous people, including a First es l«eracy-based development and Bible translation. 
Nations man from British Columbia, a clansman from among other c ° urses - t0 P re P are the lin g uists for their 
New Guinea, and a Masai from Africa. The 20-foot J oumeymt0 other cultures - " It,s not unusual for our lin - 


giouc as uie laces ui tne mscipies. wnen you stand m 
front of this wonderful painting you get such a strong 
impression of people of all nationalities and cultures 
being united around the table of Jesus," she says. 

Churches across North America are expressing an 
interest in obtaining copies to welcome their increas¬ 
ingly multicultural congregations. The work of the lin¬ 
guists is being recognized world wide for its impor¬ 
tance and its value, she concludes. "Trained linguists 
are needed in international locations to help bridge the 
language gap - between peoples, and between all men 
and God." 


as younger generations are educated, and busi- 
ness is conducted, in a mainstream language that is ™ 

their native tongue. 


"We believe that people understand best in their Wycliffe s work around the 


> to stay more than five years with a group of First 
Peoples, and some have stayed as long as 20," says Van 
der Wal. "They believe they must live amongst the peo¬ 
ple and become totally immersed in their culture." 

The dedicated linguists say their souls are richly 
rewarded in non-monetary ways for their work ^ 


their training at the Canada Institute of Linguistics." As lndlgenous ,anguages - " Most have 311 anthropology 
advertising co-ordinator for the Institute, Van der Wal background as well as theology training. They come to 
is proud of her organization’s contribution to the goal us fro,R a U over the world - Australia, Norway, and 
of the Wycliffe Bible Translators, of which Hyatt China, for example. Some go back to their own areas to 
Moore is a member. Wycliffe, located in the United develo P th ™ own wntten word and translate it mto 
States, is committed to decoding the languages of thou- scriptures. Many go on to 
sands of the world’s Aboriginal groups, and the do . a masters degree m lin- 
Institute is the training component of Wycliffe, she gu ‘ stlcs a " d exegesls h f, r « 
explains. "Over 5000 members are working around the ?! 1 ™ lty Westem as well, 
world, and about half are living among different The linguists are personally 
indigenous groups, creating reading materials, includ- stron &/ committed to the 
ing the Bible, in their own language," she adds. Moore goal of Preserving the lan- 

, . , , , . . ° _ , miaopc of thp wnrIH’c Fir«l 

himself has worked m various countries and feels 
strongly about preserving the 7000 distinct languages 


LOCAL 401 

CLC-AFL-CIO 


Toll Free: 1-888-Go Union 



srence to a waiting world! Join the adventure of reaching the nations with the Word of God! The 1 
liffe Bible Translators and offers practical training in language and culture learning and analysis. / 
1 Bible translation, linguistics, or literacy will benefit from skills which can be learned at CanlL. TE 
i available. 


m 

Vi 

VAv 

What language would Jesus use to speak to each of these? ^ 


Would you like to play a vital role in making God’s Word available to those 
email dale_schatz@twu.ca or call him at 604-513-2129. 


Email: caniladmissions@twu.ca Website: www.canii.ca 



Wycliffe 


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The Last Supper with Twelve Tribes 
by Hyatt Moore highlights the work of 
CanlL and Wycliffe Bible Translators. 




















Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Focus on Education 


Meeting the post-secondary 
educational needs of Nunavut 


and linguistic needs of the bicultural and bilingual 
society of Nunavut. 

Nunavut Arctic College has also been a leadeHn 
developing successful education partnerships. The 
College has a well-established relationship with 
McGill University for the Nunavut Teacher Education 
program. This program permits northern students tc 





t^e communities” and^e a^doonvay wider^world 




i'c_ c D ,b W 

NUNAVUT 
ARCTIC COLLEGE 

Nunavut Arctic College can help you meet the academic 
challenges of life and prepare for the many employment 
and business opportunities that Nunavut offers 


For information about Nunavut Arctic college programs, 
either contact your regional campus at the address below 
or visit us on the Internet at www.nac.cu.ca 


Kivalliq Campus 
P.0. Box 002 
Rankin Inlet, NU 
Ph: 867-645-5500 
Fx: 867-645-2387 
Kivalliq@nac.nu.ca 


Nunatta College 
P.0. Box 600 
Iqaluit, NU 
Ph: 867-979-7200 
Fx: 867-979-4579 
nunatta@nac.nu.ca 


Kitikmeot Campus 
P.0. Box 54 
Cambridge Bay, NU 
Ph: 867-983-4108 
Fx: 867-983-4106 
kitikmeot@nac.nu.ca 


region. Business and man- programs are developed and offered when there is 
agement courses and cus- enough demand and binding available, 
tomized training courses The Nunavut Research Institute, a division of the 
help to train the profession- College, is mandated to identify community needs for 
al workforce of Nunavut, research and technology. The Institute also seeks to 
The Inuit Studies and promote and preserve the use of traditional Inuit tech- 
Interpreter/Translator pro- nology. One of the major tasks of the Institute is to 
grams meet unique cultural issue licenses for field research. Each year about one 
hundred and fifty licenses 
are issued for a wide 
range of studies, with sup¬ 
port for fieldwork being 
made available by the 
Institute’s Centres in 
Iqaluit and Igloolik. 

For more information 
about the programs at 
NAC contact the regional 
campus nearest you or 
visit www.nac.cv.ca 


i/iteouraginQ our IJoulh in all their endeamun 


CECILE LABERGE 


Class Etching j 
Trophies 


Phone: (780) 962-2408 


Canada/NWT Business Service Centre 

Need information for your NWT business? 

We provide information regarding: 

• Business start-up • Business and marketing plans 

• Employment and training programs • Market data and statistics 

• Copyrights, trademarks and patents • Exporting and importing 

• Governments and company directory • Taxation 

And much more. 

Contact us at 

Phone: (867)873-7958 Toll-Free: 1-800-661-0599 
Fax: (867) 873-0101 

Or visit us at 

8th Floor, Scotia Centre, 5102-50th Avenue 
Yellowknife, NWT X1A2L9 
/"I _ 11*1 Internet: http://www.cbsc.org 

Canada m: ye i@cbsc.ic. g c.ca 

















January, 2003 Alberta Native News 

North America’s only 
Aviation Diploma Program for 
Aboriginal People 


First Nations Technical Institute Aviation Diploma 
Program is a three year post secondary program, 
designed to prepare Aboriginal students as 
Professional Pilots. Our students graduate as profes¬ 
sionally qualified Commercial Pilots with a joint 
diploma from FNTI and Canadore College. Graduates 
of the Aviation Diploma Program may enjoy a career 
as an Airline Pilot, Flight Instructor, or other career M o h a 
opportunities in the aviation industry such as Territory, 
owner/operator or their own charter company and 


their career choice. 

They may choose to do advanced float/seaplane 
training, multi-engine IFR (Instrument 
Flight Rules) training, or train 
to become a Flight Instructor. 

The campus is located on 
the Tyendinaga 


Toronto along Lake 
Ontario. A fully equipped gym, 
horseshoe pits, and an 
outdoor volleyball court 
are all on campus 
encourage a healthy 
lifestyle. Students 
have the option of 
living on campus 
in our residence 
building located 
beside the 


Airport management positions. We are proud to say 
many of our graduates are enjoying a career in the avi¬ 
ation industry from Airline Pilots to owners of their 
own charter service. 

The approved academic component of the program 
meets the Ministry of Training, Colleges, and 
University Standards. Courses are designed in consul¬ 
tation with the aviation industry whenever possible, tc 
meet their current needs. Some of the courses neces¬ 
sary to obtain the Aviation Diploma range from 
Aviation Science, Math, Physics to Transport Canada 
certified courses such as Pilot Decision Making and 
Aviation Safety. 

Flight training is provided by certified Flight 
Instructors, some of which are graduates of the housing is 
Aviation Diploma Program itself. All flight tests and available in a nearby subd 
examinations are administered by Transport Canada vision, 
or its designee. A fleet of well equipped and excel- Applicants must have an 
lently maintained aircraft along with certified flight Ontario Secondary School 
simulators are located and maintained on site. Diploma or equivalent, with minimum grade twelve 

The first year of the pro¬ 
gram, students divide their 
time between academics 
and flight training toward 
their Private Pilot License. 

Along with advanced aca¬ 
demics, the students spend 
year two striving for their 
Commercial Pilot License. 

Upon completion of the first 
two years students are given 
an opportunity to specialize 
their training depending on 


17 

science and math. Applicants who do not meet these 
requirements will be evaluated and may have to 
upgrade their standing (upgrading available on-site 
through FNTI). Course credit may be granted to those 
showing proof of previous flight instruction or com¬ 
petencies in academic courses. All applicants are 
required to provide photocopies of High School 
Transcripts, Birth Certificate, Social Insurance 
Number, Status Card or proof of Aboriginal Ancestry, 
and a Transport Canada Medical Certificate (Category 
One). 

FNTI Aviation Diploma 
Program offers a learning 
‘ that empha- 
Aboriginal 
values through 
cooperation rather 
than competition. All 
students 



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Email: copykats@copykatsonline.com 

Letterhead 

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We Care About Your Futurel 

Producers of 
• Oil & Gas 
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& Exploration 
Calgary: (403) 267-0700 
Fax: (780) 942-3327 
Box 880, Redwater, AB (780) 942-2644 




— 


1 Saluting and encouraging our Youth to 


J§==^- Capital 


make positive and constructive choices 


llgirjF Health 


Dease River Band 


STD Centre 


Chief and Council 


CLINIC HOURS: 




8:45 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. 




Monday - Friday 


Li 


For an appointment please phone 




(780) 413-5156 




Room 3820,11111 Jasper Avenue 




Edmonton, Alberta T5K 0L4 


—«iar- 


STD/HIV Information Line 


P.O. Box 79 


1-800-772-2437 


Good Hope Lake, B.C. VOC 2Z0 


Healthierpeople in healthier communities 


Phone: (250) 239-3000 


www.cba.ab.ca 


Fax: (250) 239-3003 




► Approved Ontario Ministry ot Education 


Our grads fly for scheduled airlines and work as charter pilots 

fe Call Matt Sager 1 - 800 - 263-4220 


Calgary Block 

Parent Association 

m 


Block Parent 
Volunteers - Sharing 
their time... 
Making a difference 
HELP MAKE YOUR 
COMMUNITY SAFER 


Calgary Block 
Parent Association 

Phone:(403)269-6460 
calbp@cadvision.com 
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Alberta Block 
Parent Association 

Phone:(780)349-5900 


ABORIGINAL YOUTH & FAMILY 

well-being & EDUCA1TON50CIETY 

Would like to thank 
The Edmonton 
Community Lottery Board 
and Department of 
Canadian Heritage for 
their kind support of our 
Opportunities 5tay in 
School Project 

Phone (780) U13-9360 
Fax (780) U13-9363 

11202-I3l5t„Edmonton,AB T5M IC3 










































Alberta Native News January, 2003 


The Healing Journey 


Impact a life! 

Know what you can do until the 


importance of early CPR 
intervention to save 
lives. CPR stands for 
cardiopulmonary resus¬ 
citation. When someone 
stops breathing and their 
The world is getting more dangerous every day. heart stops beating, CPR 
From traffic collisions to workplace injuries, from is the first step to saving 
health conditions related to tobacco and alcohol use to their life. Electrocution, 
heart attack and stroke, chances are strong that some- choking, drowning, poi- 
one you know will need emergency medical attention, soning, stroke - there 
Are you prepared to save a life? are hundreds of life- 

Life Support Training at Grant MacEwan College threatening situations 
provides professional courses in First Aid and CPR that can be handled by 
for everyone from beginners up to paramedics and people with the proper 
emergency room physicians. Saving lives is stressful training. Every minute 
business, but MacEwan’s relaxed and professional that goes by decreases 
instructors make sure their students develop the skills the chance of a success- 
to deal with a medical emergency until the ambulance ful recovery from sud- 
arrives. Courses run every weekend at our South den cardiac arrest by 
Campus in Edmonton or can be custom delivered to 10%. Considering that 
Aboriginal businesses or bands. 

Grant MacEwan College works closely with 
Heart & Stroke Foundation to 


Best wishes and encouragement 
to Native Vouth across the province. 
From the Management and staff ot 

Prairie Cash Pawnbrokers 

(780)513-0150 

10118 B - 100 Five., GRAND PRAIRIE, AB 


third of 
all deaths in Canada 
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shouldn’t you be pre¬ 
pared to save the life of 
a friend or loved one? 
Four of of five sudden 
deaths occur in the 
home. Don’t let your 
family members or 
friends end up as a sta- 


© 



Poor nutrition, obesity, high blood pressure, sub¬ 
stance abuse - all these factors impact a person’s 
health and can lead to an emergency that requires CPR 


(3 We salute the effort and accomplishments of First Nation Youth, from 



SERVICE WHEN 
YOU NEED IT, 
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Resume help, interview training and other wor 

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Job placement assistance 

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can you do while you’re waiting for the professionals 
to arrive? That’s where Life Support Training at 
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- In addition to a complete range of CPR and First 

and first aid training. But Aid courses, Life Support Training at Grant MacEwan 
when the moment happens, College has developed a great video on Early CPR 
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somebody who isn t that can help you save a life. Call 1-800-561-4113 to 
breathing, all the causes go order your copy of ^ vldeo or flnd out about the next 
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■ Addictions Program 

> (Alcohol, Drugs & Solvent Abuse) 

■ Community Healing Initiative Program 
• Suicide intervention Program 

■ Family Violence Program 

■ Education Intervention Program 


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• Men’s and Women’s Support Group 
•Teen Support Group 


\Phone (780) 321-3811 * Fax: (780) 321-3893 Chetah, AB TOH 0S0/ 
































January, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Type 2 Diabetes 
is preventable 


like diabetes in our 
was talking about 


by Nadine McDougall 

The teachings of elders are passed down from gen¬ 
eration to generation. They include life lessons, leg¬ 
ends, historical accounts of significant events, ances¬ 
tral portraits, spiritual revelations, art and lifestyle 
descriptions. The teachings provide the sense of 
sacred, the sense of balance and the sense of commu¬ 
nity. They reflect the importance of accepting the nat¬ 
ural course of life - including birth, love, loss, health, 
illness and death. Elders teach that changes, good or 
bad, are a natural process, and that people can adjust 
to changes so that their future is positive. 

In the last 60 years, much has changed in the politi¬ 
cal, educational, social and health history of the 
Aboriginal people. The appearance of diabetes in 
Aboriginal history is relatively recent, yet it has a 
widespread and devastating impact on the Aboriginal 
population. 

Diabetes is serious. Aboriginal people are three to 
five times more likely to get the disease. Incidence 
rates will triple in the Aboriginal population in the 
next 15 years. Complications 'develop earlier in 
Aboriginal people, who are also two times more like¬ 
ly to die from these complications. 

The argument posed is that the history and the 
teachings may have inherited this disease and will be 
passed on by Aboriginal people as part of the 
Aboriginal historical story. The people however, do 
not have to continue this practice - type 2 diabetes is 
preventable. _ 

An elder once argued 
that, "losing the: 


that hold the 
secrets of balance 

Aboriginal life. 

The future of dia¬ 
betes in the 
Aboriginal popula- 
tion can change , w ^ 
with the recogni- '/ / V tty 
tion that the teach- ' - 
ings of the elders 
are a significant 
.resource that 
Aboriginal people 
can use to combat 
the dis^jyjs. This historical 
moment could declare the 
conquering of diabetes. 

Nadine McDougall is a 
Cree woman living with 
diabetes. The views and 
ideas expressed are hers 
and do not reflect the views 
of the Canadian Diabetes 
Association. For more 
information on preventing 
or living well with diabetes, 
contact the Association at 
1-800-563-0032. 



\ % 


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“Traditions are a big 
part of my culture. 
Unfortunately, so is 
diabetes.” 

Bernie, First Nations counsellor 


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its warm, friendly people and communities 

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CANADIAN I ASSOCIATION 
DIABETES CANADIENNE 
ASSOCIATION I DU DIABtTE 


Alberta Native Friendship Centre Association 
and 

Canadian Diabetes Association 

Present 

Alberta Conference on Diabetes 
and Aboriginal Peoples 
March 25-26, 2003 

Fantasyland Hotel, Edmonton, Alberta 

Joining Hands 

...to prevent diabetes among Aboriginal peoples 

The conference will be holistic in structure and content and will include: 
general diabetes awareness and prevention training; community based 
programming; service strategies for organizations, communities, and 
individuals; and cultural diversity training. 

We invite Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health professionals, program and 
service providers, organizations and communities from across the 
province to join hands in the spirit of sharing in order to increase 
awareness and prevention of type 2 diabetes. 


























Alberta Native News January, 2003 


20 

It’s time to quit 
before your 
lungs do 

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable ill¬ 
ness and death in Canada; responsible for more deaths 
than alcohol use, murder, car accidents and suicides 
combined. 

Over 3 million Canadians cope with the burden of 
living with serious lung diseases such as cancer, 
emphysema and chronic bronchitis. These often fatal 
diseases rob us of quality of life, and take a heavy toll 
on our health care system. Quitting Smoking isn’t 
easy, but taking that step will impact your health in 
more positive ways than you can possibly imagine. 

According to research, 80% to 90% of all emphyse¬ 
ma and chronic bronchitis cases are caused by smok¬ 
ing. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 
(COPD)-an umbrella term used to describe a spectrum 
of lung diseases including emphysema and bronchitis- 
has increased four-fold since 1971 and is poised to 


become the third leading cause of death world¬ 
wide by 2020. 

COPD robs you of the breath of life 
COPD develops gradually over time usually as 
a result of heavy smoking. Its symptoms do not 
usually occur before the age of 55. The changes 
to the lung, however, actually begin many years 



experience a reduced quality of life caused by an 
increase in shortness of breath. Their families 
also face the challenges of providing an increased 
level of care and witnessing the relentless pro¬ 
gression of the disease in their loved one. 

You cannot undo the damage done by smoking, 
but you can prevent further damage. The earlier 
COPD it detected, the better. The most important 
thing you can do is quit smoking. Quitting smok¬ 
ing after a diagnosis of COPD has a major impact 
on slowing the progression of the disease. 

Protect the Ones You Love 

Smoking not only affects your health, it affects 
the health of those around you. Did you know sec¬ 
ond hand smoke: 


Best wishes to First Nation and Metis youth 




5th Floor, Provincial Building 
9915 Franklin Avenue, 

Ft. McMurray, AB T9H 2K4 
Ph: (780) 743-7416 Fax; (780) 743-7225 




(403) 609-4656 

■ 1-888-678-4656 



We salute the Northern frantic, 
for its beautiful landscape and 
hardworking people 


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• Contains 4,000 chemicals including 50 can¬ 
cer-causing chemicals. 

• Carries twice as much tar and nicotine as 
smoke inhaled by smokers 

• Kills over 1,000 non-smoking Canadians each 


The Alberta Lung Association is here to help 
If you are considering quitting smoking, call at 
1-888-566-LUNG (5864) for information and help. 
They offer a seven-week “Freedom from Smoking” 
cessation courses in supportive, group environments. 
Did you know: 

• Within eight hours of quitting smoking, the level 
of carbon monoxide in your body decreases and 
oxygen increases to normal levels. 

• After three days, your lung capacity will have 




increased, making breathing easier. 


• After the first year, the risk of heart attack is cut in 
half. 

The Alberta Lung Association recently launched the 
BreathWorks program. This initiative is designed to 
provide support and education to people who think 
they may have, or who have already been diagnosed 
with COPD. The program includes a toll-free help line 
1-866-717-2673 and website that provides resource 
material and advice www.lung.ca/breathworks. 

The Alberta Lung Association funds vital respirato¬ 
ry research and delivers health programs for individu¬ 
als suffering from lung disease. The Association is a 
public, non-profit charity and receives no ongoing 
funding from Government. 


Encouraging our Youth in all their endeavours 
for in their hands lies our future, from 

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Tel: (780) 420-0626 
Fax: (780) 425-8780 








































January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


Jewish and 
First Nations’ 
leaders meet 


Keith Landy, Canadian 
Jewish Congress National 
President met in Toronto ear¬ 
lier this month with Matthew 
Coon Come, Assembly of 
First Nations (AFN) National 
Chief and Perry Bellegarde, 
Federation of Saskatchewan 
Indian Nations’ Chief and 
AFN Vice Chief. The leaders 
arranged the meeting shortly 
after former Federation of 
Saskatchewan Indian Nations 
senator David Ahenakew 
made antisemitic comments 
publicly praising Hitler. 

Mr. Landy comments, “I 
thanked National Chief Coon 
Come and Chief Bellegarde 
for their unequivocal denunci¬ 
ations of the hateful remarks. 
Their outreach to our com¬ 
munity has done much to 
alleviate the pain and shock 
Mr. Ahenakew caused. 


the Jewish community have stood together on many 
occasions in the past and we must continue to build on 
and enhance our mutual dialogue. We want to reach 
out to our Jewish brothers and sisters and extend our 
hand in friendship and renew our historic ties. Both 
our peoples share, at the core of our moral and ethical 
systems, a fundamental respect for all peoples. We 
want to explore the many ways we can work together 



21 

racism and antisemitism. Ideas for sharing agendas 
and the importance for Jewish and First Nations’ peo¬ 
ples to increase the knowledge and awareness of each 
other’s history and current circumstances were key 
items discussed. 


r Proud ta salute the youth in our 
conttnunity, front 

OPAWIKQSCIKAN 
COMMUNITY SCHOOL 

P.O. Box 100, Pelican Narrows 
Saskatchewan SOP 0E0 
Phone:(306)632-2161 
Fax:(306) 632-2110 


CJC President Keith Landy presents National Chief Coon Come with two 
books on the history of Jews in Canada. 

Photo Credit: Stephen Epstein, Big Dipper Communications 

powerful and poignant gesture when 


National Chief Coon Come joined CJC leaders 
Montreal to pray alongside our people in synagogue at 
the Sabbath services. His leadership and integrity 
have been exemplary throughout this matter. A '"' 

“I think it is indicative of the strong bonds our two 
communities have built over the years that our rela¬ 
tionship has not been damaged. Indeed they have been 
strengthened,” Mr. Landy continued. 

National Chief Coon Come said, “First Nations and 


We encourage 
First Nation Metis 
and Inuit youth to 
lead healthy 
lifestyle and stay 
in school. 



Supporting Our Youth, Ensuring Our’Future 
- may they learn From our errors 
and model our virtues 

WATEROUS 

DETROIT DIESEL - ALLISON 



Samson 
Youth Crisis 
Centre 


In-service counselling 
• Interagency referrals 
■ Crisis stress management 
for virtually every crisis individuals and family 
may face using community debriefing and 
defusing suicide prevention intervention. 
Services Available 
8:00am - 4:00 pm 
Monday to Friday 


camps 


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ide Prairie, AB Ph: (780) 539-3144 

T8V 2Z9 Fax: (780) 539-3108 



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and support each other.” 

The leaders discussed issues of mutual concern to 
ies and the need to continue combating 
discrimination as manifested by anti-aboriginal 


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call (403) 297-2789 



I I %uth for their barb Work anb 

LkJ many aciieMements. 'best 

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Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Under the Northern Sky 


Kimmirut, a 
warm welcome 
in a cold place 

by Xavier Kataquapit 


much shorter in the winter. I was amazed to 
find out that his regular workday started 
in the dark at 9 a.m. and ended at 
night at 6 p.m., after the sun had 
set at 3 p.m. Hence he found the 
days very short and to a large 
degree sunless. However, 
explained that he has had 
: opportunities 


happy to partake in the 
traditional feast of whale 
and seal. As adven- 





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ALLISON BAY INDIAN RESERVE #219 
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PHONE: (780) 697-3740 FAX: (780) 697-3826 


National Indigenous 
Sexual Abuse Conference 

February 10-13, 2003 

SHAW CONFERENCE CENTRE 

Edmonton, Alberta Canada 

<>ether we can make a difference for the future generations' 


MIKISEW CREE FIRST NATION 
Box 90, Fort, Chipewyan. Alberta T0F 1B0 
ATTENTION: Conference Coordinator - Allan B 

T: (780) 697-3747 • F: (780) 697-3385 


300 people. 

To take advantage of his placement Joe had to spend 

the holidays away from family and friends to fulfill but he enjoyed the company of the friendly and hos- 
his new duties in Kimmirut. However, he enjoyed a pitable Inuit of Kimmirut. 

Christmas and New Year’s celebration in the very far Joseph is very good at reading Cree syllables. He is 
north that differs from ours in Attawapiskat. As part of well known for this skill. He explained that the south- 
the Christmas celebrations in Kimmirut Joe attended era Native groups such as the James Bay Cree were 
festivities, games and a traditional feast at the local the first to use the syllables that we use today. The 
school gymnasium. He was surprised at the enthusi- Inuit were later introduced to this system by the same 
asm that everyone displayed and the number of games travelling missionaries, who originally developed syl- 
and activities that took place. labics for our own people the Cree. During a game 

He added that the traditional feast was also very dif- which involved many in the gym, every player had to 
ferent and something he write their name on a piece of paper and place it in a_ 
has never experienced draw. Joseph said he shocked everyone in the Com- 
before. The meal took munity by being able to write his name in the same 
place on the floor which syllables. Part of the game also involved players pick- 
was covered in layers of ing up a microphone to read out names of other play- 
cardboard and plastic. Raw ers. He explained that people were astonished at the 
and uncooked traditional fact that he was able to read another Inuit name writ- 
food was laid out on the ten in syllables. No doubt this made him a big hit at 
covered floor where every- the gathering. 

one was seated. The people It makes me feel good that Joe is doing such excit¬ 
ing and positive things 
with his life and I know 
that his experience in 
Kimmirut will have a 
meaningful impact on his 
life journey. A big 
'Meegwetch' to all the 
good people of Kimmirut 
for making my brother's 
stay in the community so 
rewarding. 


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[ 'CANCELLATION POLICY: 

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VML AND ADDRESS MUST BE CLEAR AND COMPLE 

CONFIRMATION OF REGISTRATION 


I before January 10.2003 — $375.00 then 
of the registration fee i 

. notification is received f,, tnt cumerence 

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'We encourage our youth in all their enleaCours 
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Alberta Native News 

found a spot in 


January, 2003 

The fishing spot 

by Xavier Kataquapit 

Winter is hard on most people in the north and the 
cold weather and snow makes it harder to spend time 
with friends and family in the community. 

Thankfully, there are a few moments when the weath¬ 
er is pleasurable enough for everyone to enjoy. Most 
of the time at the start of the cold season, there are 
many blizzards that bring layers of snow and days that quickly 
are windy and very cold. When the wind and snow cuttin 
have settled, everyone in the community looks for- a hole 
ward to the bright sunny days of midwinter. Most the ice 
people try to enjoy these days on their weekends when and set ' 
children are not at school and the responsibilities of ting up a 
work are put on hold. piece ol 

I recall one winter day on a Sunday afternoon. The wood with 
sun shone bright and there were no clouds in the sky. One and 
The sunshine had taken away the bitter winter chill of reflective I 

minus 30 and brought the temperature up to minus 15. hook. J;- yyyr 

The change in weather meant that people could go out and her daughters CQf? 
with fewer layers of clothes than on an extremely cold wander®' the area 
day. There was news that a new fishing spot had been to visit with friends, 
discovered on the river ice that provided plenty of 14 was 8 reat t0 sit hack 
fish, and watch the children 

As soon as Sunday lunch was wrapped up at home, playing in the snow 
I packed up my snowmachine with plans to head out the warm rays of the si 
to go ice fishing for the afternoon with my sister, perfect, pale blue sky. 
Jackie and her two daughters Rita and Sara. The fish¬ 
ing spot was only a half hour ride away, so I did not 
pack much except for an ice drill, some wood, fishing 
line and hooks. I hitched up a toboggan that was built 
to be pulled by my snowmachine. To make it more 
comfortable for my sister and the girls I installed a 
block of wood with a cushion on it to serve as a seat. 

When we arrived at the site there were already about 
20 snowmachines parked near the shore of the 
Attawapiskat River. The fishing spot was on a small 
channel hidden away by an island on the river. The 
high bank of the island rose above us on one side and 
there was a gentle slope on the other shore. Each 
group had a hole or several holes drilled into the ice 
beside their snow machine. 



about socializing. After spending some time waiting 
for something to move my line I starting visiting some 
of the other more serious ice fishermen who had been 
at this spot all day. I spent time talking to friends 
and cousins who had made a good catch and 
they showed me the three or four large 
they had caught that day. Some 
were even using the latest technology 
and had brought electronic fish find¬ 
ers. It was funny to watch as those 
who operated fish finders located a 
fish or two several feet away at 
another fishing hole nearby. Those in 
the general area started dangling and 
jingling their lines to try to lure the 
fish that was spotted under the ice. 

I didn't catch anything that day but 
it was a great time to spend outdoors 
to enjoy the bright sun. We all seemed 
to forget about winter for a while and 
we were able to spend time with one 
another. As the sun sunk in the sky and hid 
behind the trees the temperature started to 
plunge. We were joined by many other snow- 
machines as we made our way home in the blue 
twilight. That night sleep came easily to us after a 
good hot meal prepared by mom and in the shelter of 
our warm little house. 


This dumb little ad makes me 

$300 -$500 A WEEK 

THIS IS AS SIMPLE 
AS IT GETS! 

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Contact Anne McGuire-Smith, ICADC, ICCS 
Phone: (867) 874-3013 • Fax: (867) 874-4966 

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We salute First Nation economic development of the north 

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Employment Opportunity 

Fort Museum of the NWMP requires a Curator to plan 
evelopment of our Blackfoot Gallery. Responsibilitiesi 


lai and Piikani Oral Histo 


tation. ExceUent communication and organizal 
e essential. Experience in display and program 
ment would be an asset 


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hands lies ourfuture, from 

Fax: (780) 452-1076 

C’l (780) 452-6440 


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COCHRANE ECOLOGICAL INSTITUTE (CEI) 
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We salute the North, a 
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Alberta Native News January, 2003 


Music and Entertainment 


Aboriginal theatre company 
welcomes new director 


by H. C. Miller 






er Canada. She was 


__ _ educated 

Winnipeg. She worked 
is the with several Manitoba 
-tistic theatres until 1996 when 


; company will cele- her work has taken 

brate 20 years of existence this season. Native Earth in Prince Al 

Performing Arts of Toronto has grown over the years Saskatchewan but raised 
and today stands on the precipice of a new and 
ing future. 

One of the reasons for its brrght outlook 
appointment of a brand-new Managing A . v , 

Director whose presence will artistically lead Native she moved to the Yukon, 

Earth into its next 20 years, states Rose Stella, presi- working with Nakai 
dent of the board of directors of Native Earth Theatre and the Society 

Performing Arts. "Yvette Nolan is an accomplished of Yukon Artists of 

playwright and director with a national profile who Native Ancestry before 
also possesses extensive arts management expen- moving to Nova Scotia 
ence," she says. Stella notes that Nolan has wntten a four years ago. 
number of plays and has worked across Canada in "Right now I m very 
numerous capacities, as well as producing plays with connected to a lot ot the- 
Native Earth on a number of occasions in the past. “It atre projects being done 
is a delight to welcome her in this exciting time," adds by First Nations people 
Stella. Her work as a dramaturg, which is likened to and that helps to serve 
an "outside eye" where a piece being produced by the Native Earth’s purpose 
principal writer and producer is viewed by a knowl- of connecting the Native 
edgeable counter-part for clarity, is also well-known, theatre artists across the 
Nolan looks upon her new position with Canada’s country," she adds, 
premier theatre company with great expectations and "Native Earth should be 
a sense of adventure. She is no stranger to Native a network which serves 
Earth, as she has been involved in the production of all the theatre-makers in 
the annual Weesageechak Festival of New Works, this country and it starts 
where scripts from all over the country are enhanced with all ot us knowing 

by a week of consultation with writer, actors and a each other." There is a huge pool of great talent and 
director. Two of her plays, Anne May's Movement and many Native theatre companies being bom, and part 
Skin Deep, were produced in the developmental festi- of Native Earth’s mandate is to support and foster 


n past years. "With theatre you need to hear it read 
out loud, and you need the outside eye, and have it 
performed in front of an audience," she explains. 
Nolan has enjoyed a varied and interesting 


: says. "This could be through shared knowl¬ 
edge or shared resources which would create a fabric 
throughout the country," she says. "We encourage 


Saluting the north. 

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interested performing artists to contact us at 415-531- 
1402 and we’ll find out how we can fit together." The 
health of all the groups can be supported through tap¬ 
ping into the knowledge and support of Native Earth 
with its 20 years of experience. "But most important, 
we can also learn from each other. There are groups in 
all the provinces and together we can create a strong, 
supportive network," she adds. 

A recent example is 
The Scrubbing Project, 
which was co-produced 
this fall in Toronto by 
Native Earth and the 
Turtle Gals in associa¬ 
tion with Factory 
Theatre. The produc¬ 
tion explored the hilari¬ 
ty and absurdities of 
being three urban 
mixed-blood Native 
women at the turn of 
the 21st century. "It 
was hugely successful 
locally and has 
received many invita¬ 
tions to go on to other 
venues," she 

says.Native Earth will 
also produce Time 
Stands Still by Alberta 
playwright Terry Ivins, 
which will be featured 
in February. 

The current season 
looks at the company’s 
past, thanking and remembering those who helped 
achieve its phenomenal success, such as Tomson 
Highway, Muriel Miguel and the Spider Woman 
Theatre Company from New York, co-founders 
Bunny Sicard and Denis LaCroix, and many others; 
Story telling, feasting, celebrating and pre-show 
receptions will be featured throughout the commemo- 

Nolan is moving from her present Nova Scotia res¬ 
idence to Toronto in anticipation of a great new career. 
"I’m thrilled and honoured to be asked to lead a com¬ 
pany that is so important to theatre, both Native the¬ 
atre, and the larger Canadian theatre community." 



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January, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Yukon Frostbite 
Festival sure to 
be successful 


Saturday and 
Sunday nights are 
licensed venues 
but a fun-filled 

takes place 

throughout the 
day in a school 


by H. C. Miller 

gymnasium on 

The 25th anniversary edition of the Yukon Frostbite Sunday. "Face 
Music Festival, to be held in Whitehorse on February painting, clowns, 

21 to 23, promises to be the biggest and best ever. an d musical acts 
Leela Gilday, who recently took home three awards f or children are 
from the Canadian Aboriginal Awards in Toronto, is j us * a f ew °f the 
one of the top acts who will perform. "Leela won best activities which 
female artist, best folk album, and best songwriter and always result in 
we’re really excited that she can attend," says John absolute may- 
Layman, president of the committee which hosts the bem - The kids 
annual festival. Gilday is from the small North Slavey j ust love h. As 
community in Deline, nestled on the shore of Great we ' ! , local per- 
Bear Lake in the neighbouring Northwest Territories, former Remi 
Yukon Jack is a local Aboriginal band who Layman Rodden keeps the 
says is a welcome addition to this year’s entertainment whole ' , ' 1 family 
line-up. "This band is one of the Territory’s hardest entertained," he 
working groups. Clint Carpentier, who writes a lot of adds - The Family 

their material, and the rest of the band have been F ™ Day is an important part of the festival, 
entertaining throughout Yukon for many years, play¬ 
ing their unique brand of country music," he says. ' 



r __Midnight Sun Coffee Roasters is another local major 

Workshops are "also a big draw and often include sponsor who helps make the festival possible. As well 
techniques and information about song writing, blues, as beil }8. tbe coffee supplier to Frostbite Music 


lap steel player offers a welcome addition and the and rhythm. "We have a vibrant music scene up here Festival for the past five years, they are the sponsor 


and lots of local talent so many of those attending for King Cobb Steelie. Festival organizers have been 
v.uppei ilu,i ion, is a .on oauu uu, oouimy <u,u come to learn and share as well as entertain or listen," developing a website at www.frostbitefest.ca. which 
folk influences are present, says Layman. The group, he explains. Average attendance for the Frostbite will bring visitors up to date on additional acts and 

. ..Festival is around 900, with people coming from information closer to festival weekend. 

Alaska, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories Financial assistance has been provided by Canadian 
and other points outside Whitehorse. "That would Heritage, the local government, and numerous « 


which includes several First Nation members, is head¬ 
ed by Stu Breithaup who has been on the Yukon music 
" ;. Thirteen local groups and seven 


from outside the Yukon will ei 


:r the three days of the festivities. "There is an 


lovers include about 200 volunteers and entertainers, so we 


munity businesses. And the organizers recognize the 


eclectic bunch of acts, from full si 


usually figure about 700 visitors." The Yukon Quest thousands of hours of donated time by volunteers 


n piece Hog Race and the Sourdough Rendezvous ai 


other Whitehorse events which take place at approxi- 
increasing numbers of 
vacations to 


bands to single performers. And they offer all genres 
of music, from country to rock to you-name-it,” he mately the 
says. Paul Reddick and the Sidemen from Toronto is a tourists and visitors plan their 
blues band and Christine Fellows from Manitoba, who include them all. 
is an inspirational folk singer are included 
s who have confirmed attendance. 


Layman travelled to the Edmonton Folk Festival in b ri?g these bands in from Ontario and other outside “pon 


who are of course the backbone of any successful 

"This festival is a major event in our community, 
concludes Layman. "Coming at the end of a long win 
ter, when we’re all experiencing a little cabin fever, 
we are energised by it. Once the Frostbite Festival and 
the year’s most enjoyable music-packed weekend is 


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2002 and heard a Calgary-based country band named 
Tom Philips and the Man 
of ■ Constant Sorrow, f 
"These seven guys h 
awesome talent, especially 1 
the steel guitar player, and 
our visitors are going to 
love them." King Cobb 
Steelie is a dance band 
from Toronto which will 
provide music for a dance 
open to all ages and held 
on the evening preceding 
the festival. 


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While we fund a wide range of projects, a key area of interest is 
youth. We are looking for creative and innovative approaches to 
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Alberta Native News January, 2003 


LEGEND 


Legends ofNapi in the Winter Time 


William Singer III. Contributed by Nnastako Centre. 


Winter is my favourite time of the year, the cold 
crisp air and a blanket of snow covers mother earth, 
waiting to awaken in the spring. 

During this time, the elders would tell the young¬ 
sters of times past, and especially of Napi... in the 

The tipis were set up at the edge of the river. There 
was no snow, but the ice was frozen where Napi was 
skating. The women folk were watching him from the 
hill side. When Napi saw them he started to show off. 
He asked them (the women) if they were hungry. They 
said they were starving, that Napi should hmrt for 
them. Napi said “I will sing, just look over there.” He 


(Napi) started to sing. From out of the ice, livers, kid¬ 
neys stomachs, and different kinds of animal insides 
were’ coming out. The women were very excited as 
they were grabbing for their feast. Then they (the 
women) shouted to the other people to come on over. 
“Napi is magical, he’s getting us some food.” 

Napi hadn’t eaten yet. He thought, well I’ll eat 
something later on. He was too busy showmg off. 
Today there are people who like to show off just like 
Napi did. This was Napi’s way of life. 

Everyone started to come and crowd ardBBd Napi. 
He started to sing again. Napi was told from this per¬ 
son who gave him this gift or power, not to sing the 


song more than four times. But Napi was so daring he 
would always contradict what he was told. 

He kept singing, three times, it finally got to four 
times. He was told, don’t sing more than four or you 
won’t get anymore food. When Napi sang four times 
nothing came out, instead the ice broke and he fell in. 
Napi was really scared. The people helped him, they 
pulled him out of the water. Napi was a pitiful sight, 
he was soaking wet. So the people took him home 
with them to dry him up. Someone said it would be 
best to rub Napi with ointment and warm him up. Poor 
Napi just about froze. Would he ever learn? 



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27 


January, 2003 Alberta Native News 


A code of ethics 
to live by 

Throughout history Native people have lived 
according to a code of ethics. A central aspect of this 
code of ethics is to love, care for and respect children. 
However, since Native people “often express feelings 
in ways different from non-Native people, cultural 
customs and traditions have often been misunder- 

“Native Elders have taught their people self-disci- 


or an understanding between you. 

Respect the privacy of every person. Never 
intrude on a person’s quiet moments or personal 

Never walk between people who are conversing. 
Never interrupt people who are conversing. 
Speak in a soft voice, especially when you are in 
the presence of Elders, strangers or others to 
whom special respect is due. 

Do not speak unless invited to do so at gather¬ 
ings where Elders are present (except to ask 
what is expected of you, should you be in 
doubt.) 

Never speak about others in a negative way, 


longer belongs to you. It belongs to the people. 

4. Be truthful at all times, and under all conditions. 

5. Always treat your guests with honour and consid¬ 
eration. Give your best food, your best blankets, the 
best part of your house and your best service to your 

6. The hurt of one is the hurt of all, the honour of 
one is the honour of all. 

7. Receive strangers and outsiders with a loving 
heart and as members of the human family. 

8. All the races and tribes in the world are like the 
different coloured flowers of one meadow. All are 
beautiful. As children of the Creator they must all be 
respected. 



pline, respect tor the land, and how to sur¬ 
vive under difficult c rc tai e These 
aspects of heritage are passed down from 
one generation to the next through the use 
of stories. 

“The stories that are told by the Elders 
and the actions of Native people reflect the 
following code of ethics: 

1. Each morning upon rising, and each 
evening before sleeping, give thanks for 
the life within you and for all life, for the 
good things the Creator has given you and 
others, and for the opportunity to grow a 
little more each day. Consider your 
thoughts and actions of the past day and 
seek for the courage and strength to be a 
better person. Seek for those things that 
will benefit everyone. 

2. Respect. Respect means to ‘feel or 
show honour or esteem for someone or 
something; to consider the well-being of, 
or to treat someone or something with deference or 
courtesy.’ Showing respect is a basic law of life. 

• Treat every person from the tiniest child to the 
oldest Elder with respect at all times. 

• Special respect should be given to Elders, par¬ 
ents, teachers and community Elders. 

• No person should be made to feel ‘put down’ by 
you; avoid hurting other hearts as you would 
avoid a deadly poison 

• Touch nothing that belongs to someone else 
(especially sacred objects) without pennission. 


whether they are present or not. 

• Treat the earth and all her aspects as your moth¬ 
er. Show deep respect for the mineral world, the 
plant world, and the animal world. 

• Show deep respect for the beliefs and religions 
of others. 

• Listen with courtesy to what others say even if 
you feel that what they are saying is worthless. 
Listen with your heart. 

3. Respect the wisdom of the people in council. 

Once you give an idea to a council or a meeting it no 


9. To serve others, to be of some use to 
family, community, nation or the world, 
is one of the main purposes for which 
human beings have been created. Do not 
fill yourself with your own affairs and 
forget your most important task. True 
happiness comes only to those who ded¬ 
icate their lives to the service of others. 

10. Observe moderation and balance in 
all things. 

11. Know those things that lead to your 
well-being, and those things that lead to 
your destruction. 

12. Listen to and follow the guidance 
given to your heart. 

Expect guidance to come in many 
forms; in prayer, in dreams, in times of 
quiet solitude, and in the words and 
deeds of wise Elders and friends. 

“These ethics were the traditional prac¬ 
tices of Native people. The cultural tran¬ 
sition has caused many problems. Today, Native peo¬ 
ple are in various stages of cultural transition and, 
therefore, some have very little experience or under¬ 
standing of Native values.” 

The Native “Code of Ethics" forms part of the pref¬ 
ace to the report of the Working Committee on Native 
Child Welfare, released over a decade ago, and enti¬ 
tled "In the Interest of Native Child Welfare Services". 

The 12-point code is credited to the Four Worlds 
Project and Phil Lane at the University of Lethbridge. 


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28 


Alberta Native News January, 2003 


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Ph. (306) 577-2491 
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To all Youth: the Great Spirit gave you 
the gift of life. Protect it with great care 
for in your hands lies our future. From 

Native Women’s Association 
of the N.W.T. 



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P.O. BOX 2321 

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