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New National Chief calls for unity 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Phil Fontaine wins AFN 
2003 election 

by John Copley 


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Six week residential program 

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Fax: (780)751-3831 

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Congratulations to AFN Chief Phil Fontaine 




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:s that “we are very 

Treaty 8 Nation launches suit 
against petroleum project 

Saulteau First Nations (“SFN”) has filed a petition guarantees that SFN mem 
in the B.C. Supreme Court to challenge the B.C. Oil pursue their usual vocalic 
and Gas Commission’s (OGC) approval of a petrole- fishing" and assures that t 
urn project in the “Peace-Moberly Tract”, an impor- tected into the future, 
tant wildlife refuge and cultural use area adjacent to SFN Chief Alan Apsass 
the community. 

In March 2003, the OGC 
approved a well site and 
access road proposed by 
Vintage Energy Canada, Ltd. 

The OGC’s decision will per¬ 
mit Village to undertake 
exploratory drilling operations 
in the Peace-Moberly Tract in 
the upcoming winter season. 

Drilling will occur in an area 
just to the north of the commu¬ 
nity’s reserve and south of the 
Peace River, north-west of 
Chetwynd, B.C. The Peace- 
Moberly Tract has seen rela¬ 
tively little petroleum develop¬ 
ment in comparison to other 
areas of north-eastern B.C. and 
is still intensively used by SFN 
members for hunting, fishing, 
trapping and other cultural and 
socio-economic purposes. 

SFN members refer to this 
area as their “community 

SFN members are concerned 
that the impacts of this project 
and the introduction of large- 
scale petroleum development 
in the Peace-Moberly Tract will harm 
over the long term, degrade the local eco-system and 
infringe their rights protected by Treaty 8. Treaty 8 

to Alberta A 


230A MacKay Crescent, Fort McMurray, Alberta T9H 5C6 
BUS: (780) 743-0222 FAX: (780) 791-3242 

concerned as several petroleum companies have pro¬ 
posed projects and want to access this critical area to 
explore for and develop both conventional gas and 
coal bed methane resources - this is going to have a 
negative impact on our treaty rights. We are concerned 
about the cumulative effects of Vintage’s project in 
combination with large-scale petroleum development, 
forestry, agriculture, and other pressures. The intro¬ 
duction of petroleum projects in this small but impor¬ 
tant area could be the straw that breaks the camel’s 
back - our lands will be ruined, our way of life and 
culture threatened, and our treaty rights will suffer the 
death of a thousand cuts”. 

There have been many examples in north-eastern 
B.C. where intense petroleum development has result- 

Congratulations Alberta 'Native 'NeWs on 
19 years of service to a 'First 'Nation realershipi 


( 780 ) 447-2222 

TOLL FREE 1-800-232-7385 
FAX (780) 447-1984 


16910-129 AVE. NW. EDMONTON, AB 

V „„„ 


in Waste Management 
Products and Services 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

ed in significant disturbances to the land base in a 
short period of time. SFN Councillor Tammy Watson 
says, “we do not want to live in conditions that our 
relatives now have to put up with at Blueberry and 
Dolg. They are drowning in a sea of petroleum devel¬ 
opment and their quality of life and rights have suf- 
to fered. I know that the elders and community members 
, of Saulteau and our neighbours, West Moberly First 
Nations, are very concerned and do not want to go 
down the same road. Both the OGC and industry have 
protect our Treaty 8 rights and livelihood.” 

At issue, is the current 
OGC approval process 
where petroleum projects 
are reviewed and approved 
on a project by project 
basis. Viewed in isolation 
each individual well site, 
pipeline, road or seismic 
project is viewed as having 
limited or an acceptable 
level of impact. However 
the combined or cumula¬ 
tive effect of several petro¬ 
leum projects, forestry and 
other activities do have 
profound effects on the 
eco-system and the ability 
of Treaty 8 First Nations to 
exercise their rights. 
Matthew General, advisor 
to SFN, states that 
“Saulteau is not opposed to 
petroleum development. 
However, it insists that an 
appropriate level of study 
and evaluation of the 
cumulative effects of 
development must be done 
prior to the OGC approv¬ 
ing such development, 
where significant interests 
are at stake. This will ensure that SFN members can 
practice their treaty rights now and that their children 
and grand-children can exercise those rights into the 

SFN is asking the court to put the Vintage project in 
abeyance until appropriate assessment, planning and 
study can occur. Chief Alan Apsassin states, “we think 
we are proposing a reasonable science-based 
approach. All we are asking is that studies be done to 
look at the carrying capacity of the Peace-Moberly 
Tract in advance of project approvals. What we want 
to know is how much development can the Peace- 
Moberly Tract realistically absorb? We have been 
forced to go to court to achieve a better balance 
between our rights and needs and those of industry 
and the Crown. We are running out of time.” 



12311 -17 Street NE, Edmonton. Alberta T6P1X9 
Phone: 780-456-1444 Fax: 780-456-9696 
Offices in Calgary, Vancouver, Edmonton, Grande Prairie, Ft St. John. 
Kelowna, Regina. Saskatoon, Spirit River, Winnipeg and Vancouver island 

(}rutytattdatuut&, /Hienta 'TUtfive Ttefva 

ifoun, efftmU to fmeoenxxe, 

'Hatirxe odUme rut ieAojlf of: 
Donald ’JttmtH, Ztdeno arid Staff. 

Cree * 

Box 29, Enoch, AB T7X 3Y3 
Ph: (780) 470-4505 
Fax: (780) 470-3380 

f Happy Anniversary Alberta Native News 

from the management and staff at 

^ m 

Motor Cycle Ltd. 

Our best wishes to Alberta Native News for continued 
success publishing your excellent newspaper 


Ph: (780) 585-4073 ■ Fax (780) 585-4230 
Proud to offer the following services: 

> Project Management 

>- Commercial Construction 
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> Consulting 

> Inspecting 

>- Oilfield Leases and Pipelines 
P.O. Box 748, Hobbema, Alberta TOC 1 NO 

Alberta Native News 

August, 2003 

honours Poitras, 

ing the world’s spot¬ 

light o 

by Lee White 

through their 
selfless dedication 
and philanthropic 
deeds, have 

endowed our cultur- 

Two outstanding Aboriginal women were honoured 
recently at the City of Edmonton’s “Salute to 
Excellence Awards” at the Francis Winspear Centre 
for Music. 

Internationally renowned artists Jane Ash Poitras, 
RCA was one of eight selected for the Cultural Hall of 
Fame, with their portraits to hang in the Lee Pavilion 
of the Citadel Theatre. 

Val Kaufman was honored with a Citation Award 
for her contributions to the city as a volunteer, organ¬ 
izer and advocate for Native people. 

The Cultural Hall of Fame was officially instituted 
in 1986 to establish an Honour Role of exemplary 
Artists, Builders and Artist/Builders whose talent and 
dedication “have created the foundation of current 
excellence that we enjoy in professional theatre, 
music, dance and the visual arts. They bring intema- 

/ttimta. 'Katcue PUcm 
* 19 tfavu. of ienviny 
’ i ^ \ pinat “yiatiaMA and 

i 1 /HoniyitKtl People. 


(fiief & (Zotauil of t&e 
(foodfioA "pinot 'Katie* 

Box 271, Goodfish Lt 

The Courage to Act 

Ibrant and healthy 

“The fervent com- 

of the Cultural Hall 
of Fame members 
also ensures a nur- 

in which rising 

young talent may be encouraged.” 

There are now more than 60 Edmontonians in the 
Cultural Hall of Fame. 

The City of Edmonton Citation Awards honour 
those individuals or groups who have given long and 
significant service as volunteers to sports, arts, multi- 
culturalism, social services, health care or community 
service in the city. “Each has played an important role 
in shaping our city’s foundation of human kindness 
and generosity. 

“The City of Edmonton has justifiably earned its 
reputation as the City of Volunteers. Every facet of life 
in our city, from social and health care services to 
sport, multicultural and cultural festivities are rooted 
in the selfless dedication of volunteers who have 
made it their personal goal to enrich our community.” 

Kaufman recently retired from the Edmonton Urban 
Aboriginal Committee after more than six years as a 
volunteer member and, most recently, chairman. She 
has also served on the Aboriginal Human Rights 
Committee, Edmonton Aboriginal Housing Task 
Force and has been deeply involved on behalf of 
Aboriginal Edmontonians in many other consultation 
processes over the past decade. 

As Chair of the Northern Alberta Alliance on Race 
Relations for five years, Kaufman demonstrated out¬ 
standing leadership qualities and served as a positive 
role model for other volunteers. As a founding mem¬ 
ber of the Alberta 
Aboriginal Artisans Arts & 
Crafts Society, she has been 
very active in seeking 
opportunities for Aboriginal 
artists and craftspeople to 
market their creations. The 
annual Native Arts and 
Crafts Show at the Shaw 
Convention Centre is an 
outgrowth of that initiative. 
Val Kaufman remains 

very aware of the importance of understanding and 
acceptance by all cultures of all cultures as a major 
goal towards global peace and harmony. 

Jane Ash Poitras has gained exceptional achieve¬ 
ment and recognition over the past 20 years as an 
artist and lecturer. Her abundant talent and solid aca¬ 
demic achievement have provided a firm foundation 

Poitras is a graduate of the University of Alberta 
with Bachelor of Science in Microbiology and 
Bachelor of Fine Art in Printmaking degrees, and a 
Master of Fine Arts degree from Columbia University 
in New York City. 

Her work has been featured in numerous solo and 
group exhibitions across Canada and the United 
States, and in Europe, Asia and South America. Her 
art is included in dozens of prestigious public, private 
and corporate collections across Canada and world¬ 
wide, including the Brooklyn Museum, the National 
Gallery of Canada, the Canadian Museum of 
Civilization, most public galleries across Canada, and 
all of Canada’s major banks. 

Foreign Affairs Canada has been particularly sup¬ 
portive, hosting exhibitions of her work in Paris, 
France and Washington, D.C., and purchasing work 
for the Canadian Embassies in Moscow and else- 

A sessional instructor at the University of Alberta's 
School of Native Studies, Poitras is much in demand 
as a guest lecturer and guest speaker at universities 
and arts events across Canada and the United States 
and, at the invitation of the Canadian government, at 
embassy events in Paris, Washington and Mexico 

Poitras has been acknowledged for her achieve¬ 
ments with numerous awards in addition to the Salute 
to Excellence Award. Last year she was granted the 
R.C.A. designation by the Royal Canadian Academy 
of Artists. 

Congratulations Alberta Native News on 
serving the First Nation and Aboriginal Peoples 
for the past 19 years. 


P.O. Box 2570 
Inuvik, NT X0E 0T0 
Phone: (867) 777-3344 
Fox: (867) 777-3090 


Alberta Native News 
on serving the 
First Nations for 



, i9'years. 

( 780 ) 422-2088 


August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Pickton charged with 15 murders 1116coiporal 

September to begin 
to select a date for 
his (first) trial. 

Judge Stone 
ordered Pickton 
to stand trial in 
B.C. Supreme 
Court on the mur¬ 
der counts fol¬ 
lowing the (pub¬ 

hearing, which 
first began in 
January this year. 

During the hearing’s 
month duration the judge 
heard from dozens of police 
and civilian witnesses and o: 

July 23 declared that enough 
dence had been presented to warrant the 15 
murder charges. More charges can sti 
laid, something the judge said was very 
ble, considering the fact that evidence uncov¬ 
ered in the search of Pickton’s farm has led investi¬ 
gators to a second possible murder site. 

During the past two decades more than 50 
Vancouver-area women, most of whom were of 
Aboriginal ancestry and involved in either illegal 
drugs or prostitution, have mysteriously disappeared. 
Most who vanished did so quickly, often disappearing 
just an hour or two after leaving a favourite haunt or 
mingling with long-time friends. 

The case has been somewhat baffling, and the lack 
of substantial information over the years has not cre¬ 
ated the interest required to generate much investiga¬ 
tion into trying to find out what was happening to the 
missing women. In the last 18 months, however, the 
stories of mysterious disappearances have been 
replaced by hard evidence, by a continuing number of 
murder charges against Robert Pickton and more 
recently by stepped-up investigations into the second 
possible murder location, a small parcel of land no 
bigger than 300 metres by 50 metres that lays along 
the edge of land belonging to the Kwantlen First 

The number of Aboriginal women who may have 
become murder victims is not known for certain, but 
some reports say that about 35 of the 63 women 
reported missing are of Aboriginal ancestry. 

During Judge Stone’s decision, Pickton sat silently, 
his eyes staring downward, his manner impassive, his 
newly cropped hair the only sign of change. The for¬ 
mer pig farmer was silent and remorseless; the fami¬ 
lies of his victims consumed in pain. 

way,” said Crey. 
“It shocked me. It 
staggered me. It trou¬ 
bled me a great deal. 
Right now my heart first 
goes to families who know 
what indeed happened to 
a missing loved one. My 
’/ sister Dawn has a lot of 
nephews a 

people that loved her back 
home, so if the task force 
continues the good job 
they're doing, then 
maybe we'll get some 
d about my sister. We 
1 to know what hap¬ 
pened to her.” 

RCMP Corporal Catherine 
Galliford fielded questions from 
reporters outside a small wetlands area 
in the Fraser Valley, a location that investiga- 
re hoping will introduce more clues about 
what happened to Vancouver’s missing 
women. Though Galliford said that “because 
we have a case before the courts we are 
unable to go into any detail with regard to 
what that evidence is or how it pertains to 
our investigation,” she did say that it was “evidence 
uncovered during the course of our investigation", 

Happy 19th Anniversary Alberta Native News 


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Since 1970 

15830 -100 A Avenue, Edmonton, AB T5P 0L8 
Ph. (780) 483-1762 Fax (780) 489-6813 
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Cellular Service for People 


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Ask About "Talk Anywhere Plans" 

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A.N.A.C. 2003 Annual General Meeting 
WHEN: September 26 - 28, 2003 
WHERE: Winnipeg, Manitoba 
THEME: "Advancing Aboriginal 
Health Nursing" 


Registration Information: 
ASSOCIATE & Others $200.00 
STUDENTS $50.00 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

The Alberta Union Of 
Provincial Employees 

Toll-free province-wide 


Give your Forests a Hand. 

If you can't pick up the ashes, they're too hot to leave! 


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Are You a Firearm Owner? 

Protecting your rights and your children and grandchildren's 
rights is not as simple as it once was. The National Firearms 
Association is here, to help! 

• DO you know what the rights of the Executor of your estate have 
when it comes to your firearms? The National Firearms 
Association's Primer on Inheritance will help you! 

• DO you know that the National Firearms Association has studied 
the Firearms Act and knows that legislation better than the federal 
government? We help fight, and win more court cases protecting 
your rights than all other firearms groups in Canada — combined! We 
can (and will) help when you need it! 

• Do you have interests in hunting? Target shooting? Reloading? 
Firearm collecting? Learn even more with your Membership in the 

• DO you want to help preserve firearm ownership and use for future 
generations? This is where you, and the National Firearms 
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Would this kind of information help you? National Firearms 
Association members get information like this, and more in each issue 

of The Canadian Firearms Journal, our Member Magazine. 

National Firearms Association Membership Application 

Total: S 

or fax this form to: NFA, Box 521 S3, Edmonton, AB TBG 2T5 (780) 439-4091 

Evergreen Memorial Gardens has a 
long tradition of respecting your traditions. 

Ensure your personal and cultural wishes are observed by 
planning ahead with, the professional who understands the 
Metis culture from a personal perspective. Deena Puscher 
is proud to provide information without obligation to help you 
honour your family’s native heritage, while sparing 
loved ones from undue stress and financial pressure. 

For the Metis Perspective on final planning, 
Call Deena Puscher today. 

Member of Metis Nation of Alberta 

472-9007 or 1 800-663-1820 


16X02 Fort Road, North Edmonton 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

The Healing Journey 

The 2nd National 
Aboriginal Hepatitis C 

The 2nd National Aboriginal Hepatitis C 
Conference was held in May 2003, in Vancouver. The 
Chee Mamuk Aboriginal Program at the BC Centre 
for Disease Control welcomed everyone to learn more 
about this disease and for all to promote awareness in 
our communities. Representation from Edmonton was 
there, both as delegates to leam more about Hepatitis 
C (HCV) and also to present on HCV. Several keynote 
speakers reinforced what we already know about the 
virus - that transmission risk is blood to blood and that 
about 70 percent of the infections are transmitted 
through injection drug use. Dr. Evans, from Sliammon 
First Nations, discussed how the disease could have 
an insidious and slow course with signs and symp¬ 
toms of the disease not noticed for 20 years after 
exposure. Because of the slow onset, many of the 
keynote speakers stressed the importance of under¬ 
standing the risk factors and knowing when to get test¬ 
ed if it is suspected that one has been at risk. 

Aboriginal people are at risk of contracting HCV for 
many reasons: Nomadic lifestyle, loss of culture and 
spirituality, breakdown of the family, low self esteem, 
isolation, lack of awareness, alcohol abuse, IV drug 
use, time in prison, tattooing and poor access to health 
services. These are just some examples that can even¬ 
tually put people at risk of contracting HCV. With 
increased awareness of HCV over the years, it has 
been learned that this list is not exclusive to 
Aboriginal people and that these contributing factors 
affect all walks ofhfe. Because many of the underly¬ 
ing social factors lead to disease risk, the importance 
of reinforcing prevention messages cannot be under¬ 

HCV is a virus that lives in the blood and affects the 
liver. The liver is the body's filter that processes 
everything that is put into the body, keeping all the 
goodness in and eliminating harmful waste. If the 
liver is healthy, it functions well. However, if the liver 
is over-burdened by HCV and high-risk lifestyles, it is 
unable to keep the body as healthy. Alcohol is the 
biggest factor that leads 
to HCV disease progres¬ 
sion. People living with 
HCV are advised to 
eliminate alcohol from 
their diet to decrease 
damage done to the liver. 

your partner 

about the disease and hot 
lifestyle changes. Services i 
with HCV in Edmonton am 
the Canadian Liver 
Foundation at 444-1547. 


• DON'T share IV drug needles or equipment 

• DON'T donate blood, organs or semen 

• DON'T share needles of any kind, i.e. for body 
piercing or tattooing 

• DON'T share toothbrushes, earrings or razors. 

Edmonton's HCV Peer Support Group in the Inner Edmonton's downtown 

City, located at the Bissell Center, was presented at inner city can seek servic- 
the conference. This program provides both individual cs and support at the 
and group support to those infected or at risk of HCV. Bissell Center by calling 
The peer support group operates every Thursday after- 423-2285, ext. 257. 
noon at 2:30 p.m. and lunch is provided. Some other 
services offered are referrals to doctors and health 
care professionals, refer- 

treatment for addictions, 
information on HCV, sup¬ 
port in making lifestyle 
changes to cope with 
HCV, emotional support 
and someone to listen to 
you. If you, or someone 
you know, are living with 
or affected by HCV, you 
are not alone - please 

FAX (780) 469-1290 • PH. (780) 468-1490 

5909-83 Street, Edmonton, Alberta 

you can make positive 
re offered to people living 
surrounding area through 

id Staff at 

If it 

eliminate alcolr 
is important to decrease 
the amount consumed 
and avoid binge drinking 

liver, especially when 
compounded with HCV. 

A quick check-list of 
DOs and DON'Ts if you 
have HCV: 

• DO see your doctor 
for follow-up care 

• DO keep yourself 

• DO be careful with 

“P/aMut / 9tt /hutiucuoMf 



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STD/HIV Information Line 



Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Oblates return sacred 
pilgrimage site 

by John Copley 

For the past 104 years the waters of Lac Ste. Anne 
have been called everything from mucky and warm to 
sacred and holy. They have been the ears, conscience 
and final resting place to many questions, problems, 
ailments and sorrows. The Lake's waters, some say, 
have the power to purify the soul, to cleanse the mind, 
to heal the body, to free the spirit. Pilgrimage partici¬ 
pants who regularly attend the sacred site, which is 
located just a few minutes from Alberta Beach, say the 
mysterious lake is also called upon to answer prayers, 
and to resolve disputes. 

“There’s no doubt about this,” smiled Henry Wright, 
68, a regular visitor to the shores of Lac Ste. Anne. 
“The Lake has finally convinced the Oblate Fathers to 
return this sacred site to its rightful owners. Only good 
will come of this; many prayers will be answered and 
many doubts removed in the coming year. This is a 
relief. The thousands of people who’ve come here this 
year know that 2003 is a special year.” 

The Oblate Fathers, who organized the first pil¬ 
grimage in 1889, have maintained a mission at Lac 
Ste. Anne since 1842; in fact, the Catholic mission at 
the lake is the oldest one in the province. The annual 
pilgrimage to the popular lake, located about 85 kilo¬ 
metres northwest of Edmonton, takes place every July 
and coincides with the summer solstice. This year was 
an especially important year because the Missionary 
Oblates of Mary returned the 95.7-acre property to 


nniversary. We wish you cox 



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The provincial head of the 
Missionary Oblates of Mary, Father 
Camille Piche, made the presentation 
following a memorable Sunday mass 
offered by Edmonton Archbishop, 

Thomas Collins. Piche is the man 
who got the ball rolling as far as 
returning the land is concerned. In 
2000 he signed a declaration promis¬ 
ing to work toward establishing 
viable changes to the way in which 
the Oblates ran the pilgrimage. He 
also talked about land ownership. 

Father Piche told media that the 
Oblates don’t think the act of return¬ 
ing the land is an “abdication of our 
responsibilities,” but instead “a real 
breakthrough” that allows the Oblate 
Missionary’s of Mary to come full 

A group of Aboriginal Catholics 
have been involved throughout the 
three year transition period and in the planning of this 
year’s event. Father Piche called them “dedicated” 
people who have a true sense of the sacredness of the 
site. During the handing-over ceremony, Father Piche 
passed the land title deed to John Zoe, head negotiator 
and spokesperson for the Dogrib Nation in the 
Northwest Territories, and one of the seven trustees 
now in charge of the land. 

“You are all here to witness the signing of this doc¬ 
ument,” Piche told the nearly 5,000 people, four-fifths 
of whom were Aboriginal, who gathered at the Ste. 
Anne shrine to participate in the ceremony. “It states 
that this land upon which we all stand here today, is 

With the announcement the crowd rose to its feet 
and offered a lengthy ovation. 

“It’s been a long time coming,” smiled John Zoe. “I 
think the people probably have a sense of ownership; 
they’ve always assumed the land is theirs anyway 
(but) today offers tangible proof that yes, it is still 
theirs. The land belonged to the people at one time 
and several people have had it go through their hands, 
but now it’s come back to where it all started from - 
and we are again the full owners.” 

Charles Wood, a former Chef of the Saddle Lake 
First Nation and a well-known spokesperson, is one of 
the trustees appointed to oversee the pilgrimage site 
and to help plan its next event. He says he’d like to see 
the venue used for more than one event each year, but 
admits that formal plans for expansion will have to 
wait for a while. 

“I can vision this venue being an ideal place to host 
youth camps and programs geared toward positive 
alternatives for our young people,” said Wood. 
“There’s a lot of turmoil and uncertainty today, there’s 
a lot of drugs and alcohol and exploitation. We’ll be 
seeking outside views and we have an information 
booth set up this year because we intend to have the 
pilgrims involved in what we’re doing. We’re asking 
for input, but until we’ve had a chance to review the 
options nothing will be decided for sure. It will take 
some time before we have all the answers.” 

Lac Ste. Anne got its name in 1843, just after the 
arrival of Father Thibault, the builder of Alberta’s first 
Catholic church. Saint Anne is credited as being the 
grandmother of Jesus. Originally a two-day event held 
on a Tuesday and Wednesday, the pilgrimage now 
extends between Saturday and Thursday but is still 
held in conjunction with the July 26th Feast of Saint 

Happy 19th Anniversary 

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For Reservations Nationwide 


Robert Clarke 

Branch Manager 

310 McKenzie Blvd., Ft. McMurray, AB T9H 4C4 
Phone: (780) 791-0616 Fax: (780) 790-1712 

Slop in and see 
us for your 
school supplies!! 




August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

HIV/AIDS walk 
scheduled for 
September 21 

by Ennis Morris 

Next month the HIV Network of Edmonton Society 
will be hosting the organization’s 12th Annual 
HIV/AIDS Walk, an important undertaking that is 
designed to create both awareness of HTV/AIDS in the 
Edmonton community, and to raise some of the much- 
needed cash necessary to maintain the many programs 
and services offered through the organization. 

The annual six kilometre walk gets underway at 
about 1:30 pm on September 21 at City Hall and 
organizers say interested walkers should begin to 
gather just before noon. Last year the event saw about 
500 participants, but this year organizers are hoping 

If you’re interested in receiving a brochure and 
pledge form, or in learning more about how you can harm reduction supplies such as condoms (both 

ie Aboriginal People Living with HTV/AIDS 


get involved in the walk, call Brandy at 488 - 5742 or ^ f ema le) and dental dams. HTV Edmonton is also a — Speaker's Bureau and, upon request, have consult- 
send an email to: sate uite site for Streetworks (the needle exchange), ed with Elders and other cultural resource people in 
The brochure and pledge forms can also be found m which means that they provide a place for people to order to facilitate referral and attendance at cere- 
local businesses and health clubs throughout the city, bring their used needles and exchange them for clean monies. Other involvements include relationship and 

This year organizers have added a special twist to ones partnership building, organizational changes to better 

the daylong event, they’re having a Top Dog contest. HIV Edmonton is divided into portfolios. meet the needs of Aboriginal clientele and communi- 

HTV Edmonton has decided to allow dog owners to yh e goal of the Society’s Aboriginal portfolio is to ty, consulting and HTV/AIDS and Aboriginal people- 

collect pledges on behalf of their pets who will also develop culturally specific support, health promotion specific workshops. Other services include home, 
participate in the HTV/AIDS Walk. The event’s Top and outreach services for Aboriginal populations. hospital and institutional visits, advocacy, referral. 
Dogs will even earn special prizes for their efforts. The target group is Aboriginal people living (in counseling and support. 

Talk about prizes - that by itself is a good enough Ed mon ton) with HIV/AIDS and those affected by For more information about the HIV Network of 
reason to get involved this year. Edmonton's top indi- another's diagnosis. During the last year programming Edmonton Society or to leam how you can be a sup- 
vidual pledge collector will win a trip for two, cour- bas included establishing contacts with and develop- porter, contact the office by calling 488-5742 or visit 
tesy of Greyhound, to Jasper, Alberta, hotel room j n g relationships with individuals, organizations and their website at: 
included. The team that collects the most pledges in commun ities. 

the city will win a martini party at the Overtime HIV Edmonton works with numerous Aboriginal 
Broiler & Tap Room, located at 103 Avenue and 111 communities and organizations to address the many 
Street. The top walker in the prairie region will win a j ssues G f HTV/AIDS, including the Bent Arrow 
return ticket to any destination on the North American Traditional Healing Society, Poundmaker s Lodge, 
continent, courtesy of the Canadian AIDS Society. Poundmaker's Adolescence Treatment Centre, the 

HIV Edmonton, located at 10550 - 102 St., edu- Native Healing Centre, the Alexis First Nation, the 
cates, supports and advocates for those infected and Cold Lake Firet Nation, Enoch First Nation, Metis 
affected by HIV and related conditions. The Society chi]d and Family Services, Community Health 
has numerous goals, as does each of the important Council #5 (Kikino, Fishing Lake, Buffalo Lake and 
programs that fall under its auspices. The four major E i iza beth Metis Settlements), the Canadian Native 
objectives include collaborating with organizations Friendship Centre and the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS 
and institutes which can assist in addressing HIV and Network, 
related issues; advocating through collective efforts S o far the Aboriginal 
for individuals, communities and populations around p 0rt f 0 lio has conducted 
issues related to HIV; providing support and enhanc- HTV/AIDS Awareness and 
ing the lives of those infected and affected by HTV and prevention Workshops, 
its related illnesses; and 

limiting the transmission of Native News.^ 

HIV particularly though f ,„;th 1 

population health strategies 
including health promotion 
and harm reduction. 

The Society provides 
education, support, harm 
reduction and advocacy for 
individuals infected and 
affected by HIV. They pro- 

tance for people who have 
HIV or know someone who 
has it, and they go out to 
other agencies to do work¬ 
shops about HIV (or 
Hepatitis C). HIV i ^ 

Edmonton also provides 

Come out ahead. 


Food & Gas: 

Bakery and Deli 
Deep Fried Chicken 
Fast Foods 

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HWY. 41, ELK POINT, AB Ph. (780) 724-4373 

/Jest wbhed Alberta Native Newd ad you 

enter your 20th year of publishing 











(403)526-4873 fax; (403)528-2515 


Congratulations Alberta Native News. You have been an outstanding 
newspaper promoting health, wellness and culture for 19 years. 

12 th Annual HIV/AIDS Walk 

Sunday, September 21 

City Hall 

1 Sir Winston Churchill Square 

For more information or to get a brochure: 

Phone: 488-5742 ext 223 


Web site: 

Box-340, 4916.-. 49 Street . 
Yellowknife. NT XlA|2Nl 


Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Focus on Education 

Youth employment project 
launched at NAIT 

An Aboriginal youth employment project has been 
launched to assist youth in the Fort McMurray area 
gain employment experience. 

Through the Industrial Skills Transfer Incubation 
project, the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology 

We Care About Your Future! 

Producers of 
• Oil & Gas 
• Oilfield Drilling 
& Exploration 
Calgary: (403) 267-0700 
Fax: (780) 942-3327 
Box 880, Redwater, AB (780) 942-2644 

We wish you continued success in 
your effort to preserve Native culture 
and traditions. Congratulations 
Alberta Native News on your 
19th Anniversary. From, 

Driftpile First Nation 

Box 30 

Driftpile, AB TOG 0V0 

Ph: (780) 355-3868 

Fax: (780) 355-3650 

(NAIT) will provide the participants, who 
have not successfully made the transition 
from school to work, with a 20-week skill 
enhancement employment program. The 
youth will take part in life management ses¬ 
sions, and personal development, employa¬ 
bility, and job search skills activities to help 
prepare them for the labour market. The par¬ 
ticipants will also gain hands-on exposure to 
at least four trade occupations before taking 
part in a four-week work placement. 

In addition to the Government of Canada's 
contribution of $75,100, Metis Nation of 
Alberta Zone 1 and the Athabasca Tribal 
Council are each providing $45,000 in fund¬ 
ing for the project. 

"It is important that our youth develop the 
skills and experience they need to succeed in 
today's labour market," said Minister of 
Health Anne McLellan. "This project will 
provide these Aboriginal youth with hands- 
on work experience that may lead to an 
apprenticeship opportunity or encourage 
them to return to school to pursue further 

"The Industrial Skills Transfer Incubation 
project is an excellent example of a partner¬ 
ship," said Stephen Crocker, NAIT's 
Manager of Aboriginal Programs. "HRDC 
funding was one of the catalysts that helped 




10340-140 Ave., Grande Prairie. AB T8V5H1 

(780) 539-6601 Fax (780) 538-3093 


Wayne Busdegan 

Cell 780 307-5546 > Home 780 348-2628 

bring this initiative together." 

This project supports the Government of Canada's 
Youth Employment Strategy to help youth make the 
transition from school to work and get their first job, 
in partnership with businesses, non-govemmental 
organizations, communities and other levels of gov¬ 
ernment. The Strategy offers a three- pronged 
approach to addressing youth unemployment issues: it 
provides work experience opportunities for unem¬ 
ployed or underemployed youth and students; pro¬ 
vides access to relevant information on Canada's 
labour market; and facilitates access to learning. 



You never know 

when you'll need 


immediate health 


advice or 

j information. 
That's why Health 
Link Alberta is 
available to rural 
' 24 hours-a-day, 

7 days-a-week. 

Call toll-free 


IJeot Alberta Native News 

Brager Transport Ltd. 

#6,4617-41 Street 
Camrose, Alberta T4V 2Y8 

Ph. (780) 672-3104 

Fax. (780) 679-0644 

Happy Anniversary Alberta Native News and 
best wishes for continued success. 


Haw xttdm Hew Htcutayemeut 
"Dedicated to- friaviditty Quality Sewiee. 



Saluting Native economic development 



Your official distributor of Alberta Native News 
Monday - Saturday 9 a.m. - 10 p.m. • Sundays 1 - 6 p.m. 
General Delivery, Oxford House, Manitoba 
Phone (204) 538-2085 or Fax (204) 538-2260 

Our best wishes for continued 
success Alberta Native News. 
We salute your excellent 
newspaper, from 

Premay Pipeline 
Haulins Ltd. 

(780) 447-3014 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Red River College offers 
220 distance education courses 

Two decades ago the expression, distance education, 
was a new concept in Canada and would likely have 
been interpreted as pertaining to one who has 
had to travel some distance to achieve a par¬ 
ticular education. Today, the term is neither 
obscure nor misinterpreted; in fact 
Distance Education is attracting more 
and more students every year who 
are opting out of regular daily class¬ 
es in favour of studying and leam- 

One of the pioneers of distance ' 
education in Canada was Red River ’ 

College (RRC), a Winnipeg-based 
learning facility that has set new 
precedents when it comes to educat¬ 
ing students, especially distance edu¬ 
cation students. When the popular 
college first began its Distance 
Education program in 1978, the only 
two courses offered were related to account¬ 
ing and psychology. At the turn of the century 
the 22 year old program had grown to encom¬ 
pass more than 150 courses with more than 2,200 
students registered for Distance Education in 2000. And 
that trend hasn’t slowed down, today RRC includes five 
Manitoba campuses, offers 220 different courses for stu¬ 
dents who have a difficult time to attend full time, on- 
campus classes and graduates a remarkably large num¬ 
ber of their Distance Education students each year. 

“Our courses continue to increase both in numbers 
and in popularity,” explained RRC Distance Education 
Director, Ronald Knudsen, who says Red River College 
has one of the most comprehensive course listings avail¬ 
able anywhere. “First Nation and Metis communities 
are very welcome to contact us if they have students 
who would be interested in finishing or upgrading their 
education. We do have several Aboriginal communities 
■who, use our programs extensively, and on 3 regular 
basis, and we always welcome more inquiries; we vir¬ 
tually have something of interest to everyone.” 

Red River College Distance Education courses can be 
delivered in one of several different ways, the nice thing 
being that it doesn’t matter where you live, you can still 
participate. Students are able to access the Distance 
Education programs via teleconferencing sessions, tele¬ 
phone tutoring, videotape, CD-ROM, e-mail and the 

“Our courses are not limited to students who live in 
remote or rural areas however,” said Knudsen. “In fact, 
the majority of our students live right in the City of 
Winnipeg and that number continues to grow.” 

Students can register for , - 

the courses in six different 
ways, including a personal 
visit to the college and by 
emailing, calling or faxing 
the Distance Education 

“Courses are available on 
either an open enrollment or 
on a term basis,” added 
Knudsen. "Most Open 
Enrollment courses can be 
started any time. The cours¬ 
es that fall within this cate¬ 
gory must be completed in a 
specified period, which may 
range from one month to one 
year in duration. Of course, 
it is possible to complete 
these programs sooner. 

“Many of our courses are 
available on a ‘term’ basis as 
well,” continued Knudsen. 

“These courses involve tele¬ 
conferencing and/or tele¬ 
phone tutoring. Term cours¬ 
es have scheduled start and | 
end dates and some are 
offered on a cyclical basis, 
such as once a year.” 

Term courses are offered 
in Fall, Winter, and Spring, 
starting a few weeks later 
than those offered through! 

other colleges. If you missed your chance with another 
college, Knudsen suggests you try Distance Education. 

One of the most popular programs among 

Red River’s Distance Education is 
Early Childhood Education. 

“It’s the most popular program by 
far,” noted Knudsen. “Students com¬ 
pleting the program will acquire the 
essential skills and knowledge that 
will enable them to work in the field 
of early childhood education.” 

“The good news,” explained 1 
Knudsen, “is that the entire Early 
Childhood Education diploma pro¬ 
gram is now available here at Red 
River College via Distance Education.” 

The college is encouraging people 
interested in taking this course to enroll 
as soon as possible because it is one of 
RRC’s most sought after programs. Call 
(204) 344-4300 for details. 

In the last couple of years the Early 
Childhood Education program, like many others 
at RRC, has been revised and brought up-to-date 
with the implementation of new research and data. 

“Red River College is continuing to expand,” said 
Knudsen. “Enrollments are up, new campus sites have 
opened, including the new downtown Winnipeg campus 
a couple of years ago, and new programs have con¬ 
stantly been added to meet the growing demand. 
Distance Education, the invisible campus that delivers 
its courses to the student, is no exception. Distance 
Education course registrations continue to increase each 

“One of our newest programs, and one that by all 
indications is going to be very popular,” said Knudsen, 
“is the Para-Educator certificate program. That’s the 
new term for ‘teacher’s aide3 There has been a growing 
demand - not only forteacfier’S aides, but for an educa¬ 
tion process that can upgrade the skills of those already 
working as volunteers and part time helpers in the class¬ 
room. This course answers those demands and provides 
information and instruction that can lead to long term 
employment and increase the awareness and knowledge 
of those already working in the education system. 
Energetic learners can easily complete the course in one 

Another popular new program being offered at Red 
River College is that of Recreation Facilitator, a certifi¬ 
cate program that offers some outstanding opportuni¬ 
ties for students, both young and mature, interested in or 


currently working with recreation programs for kids, 
youth and/or senior citizens. 

“The list of new program offerings at RRC continues 
to grow,” said Knudsen, “and we encourage interested 
students to check out our website for a full list of pro¬ 
grams and their availability. There is a great deal of 
valuable information on the site and it is both easy to 
understand and easy to access. Our Distance Education 
site can be found at” 

The Distance Education department of Red River 
College is located in the centre of the main campus on 
the mall level of Building F, directly north of the library. 
The College also has four satellite campuses, one each 
in the towns of Southport, Gimli, Winkler and 

More information about the courses available through 
Red River College’s Distance Education program can 
be obtained by calling (204) 632-2451 or by faxing 
(204) 633-7748. Long distance callers can dial 1-800- 
616-1113. Email should be directed to; 

October 18 & 19, 2003 

Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations 
Debbie Delorme 

Phone: 306.956.1026 • Facsimile: 306.665.0115 

Prepare for a new career or promotion 

at home with Distance Education 

Start anytime and discover the convenience of distance learning. For most 
courses, meet your instructor online, in chat rooms or by teleconference calls. 
All courses include tutorial support. 



Pursue your goal with these popular programs and earn a Red 
River College certificate or diploma at your own pace. 

• Para-Educator (teaching aide) 

• Health Care Aide 

• Microcomputer Applications 

• Human Resource Management 

• Information Systems Programmer 

• Software Development 

Web Site Development 

RN Refresher 

Emergency Nursing 

Foot Care forNurses 

Studies in Special Needs Child Care 

Studies in Aboriginal Child Care 

Office Productivity 

tance learning 

• transfer course credits to fulltime programs 


~ nc appi iPn Arts scienc«no technology! 

For our2003-04 program guide: 
ill Distance Education 632-2451 or 1-800-616-1 113 

of applied Arts. sciencO^d technology_ 

go online: Click: Distance Education 


Resource Centre 
running full 
speed ahead 

by John Copley 

In 1999, a full twenty-six years after describing 
their vision for a better education system for 
Manitoba's First Nations, the Assembly of Manitoba 
Chiefs (AMC) founded the Manitoba First Nations 
Education Resource Center (MFNERC). 

“First Nations will have a unique education system 
based on a foundation of First Nations values, beliefs 
and traditional practices with academic standards sec- 
ond-to-none,” stated the Chiefs who initialed a 1972 
position paper. “The education system will be devel¬ 
oped and implemented by First Nation people under 
First Nation jurisdiction.” 

Lome Keeper is the Education Resource Center’s 
Executive Director. During a brief interview during 
the recent Assembly of First Nations Annual General 
Meeting and Election, Keeper said that “the establish¬ 
ment of the Manitoba First Nations Education 
Resource Center is a result of the complete and undi¬ 
vided effort of numerous people within the First 
Nation governance system.” 

He went on the laud Manitoba’s Chiefs, who he said 
“provided invaluable support” in the centre’s develop¬ 
ment. He also credited the Chiefs Committee on 
Education, “who’ve provided definitive direction and 
support and have also negotiated for funding.” 

Mr. Keeper also credited “the Education Directdrs’ 
commitment, vision and strength of conviction” for 
providing the focus required to overcome the hurdles 
that stood in the way of progress. 

The Interim Working Group, which includes John 
Peter Day, Chair, Island Lake; Rebecca Ross, Vice- 

Beaci Villa 
Flowers & Gifts 

Open Monday - Friday 9:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.r 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

needs of the community, the parents and the children 

Chair, Cross Lake; Nelson Mason, Fisher River; 
Franklin Courchene, Sagkeeng; Charles Cochrane, 
Ebb and Flow; Sharon McKay, Keewatin Tribal 
Council; Virginia Arthurson, AMC Education 
Secretariat and Shirley Malcolm, AMC Education 
Secretariat, was chosen by the Education Director to 
oversee the development of the proposal, the needs 
assessment, the hiring of staff and acquiring a facility. 

“These individuals,” 
assured Keeper, “have devot¬ 
ed many hours of work and 
expertise to make the centre a 
reality; the project could 
never have been accom¬ 
plished without them.” 

The centre facilitates a 
community education process 
based on First Nation needs, 
priorities and education 
strategies. The process is First 
Nation-driven, the authority 
remains with the First Nation. 

The MFNERC provides serv¬ 
ices to First Nations schools 
in areas that include the 
implementation of the 
provincial curriculum, 
gration of First Nations per¬ 
spectives, enhancing technol¬ 
ogy in the classroom, provid¬ 
ing Special Education support 
services and developing 
First Nations curricula and 
First Nations language mate- 

Since the doors first opened 
in 1999, the MFNERC has 
been actively promoting com¬ 
munity development by providing training and coor¬ 
dinating opportunities for both individuals and fami¬ 
lies in the community. Professional development 
training has also been provided for teachers and teach¬ 
ing assistants as well as for school board members and 

“The centre is committed to working with Manitoba 
First Nations in the development of partnerships,” 
said Keeper. “Our goal is to ensure the highest possi¬ 
ble standards of education are achieved in First 
Nations schools. We see education as a shared respon¬ 
sibility among all stakeholders and we continue to 
promote and encourage First Nations involvement in 
all aspects of the development and implementation of 
education change.” The challenges the First Nations 
face are many in the field of education development. 
“When the centre was established four years ago, the 
opportunity for making the system more attuned to the 

was immense, and growing each day. Today, many of 
those old questions have been answered, those old 
worries, gone. Progress is being made - just check out 

The main goal of the Manitoba First Nations 
Education Resource Centre is to improve the quality 
and standard of education for First Nation students. 

The ultimate vision of 
Manitoba's First Nations, 
“explained Keeper, “is to 
develop and design quality 
curricula, standards, and out¬ 
comes that will address the 
learning needs of First Nation 
students, and that will provide 
equitable and transferable 
knowledge and skills required 
in today's global economy. 
This process will require First 
Nation students, Chiefs and 
Councils, parents, educators, 
Education Authorities, 
administrators and other First 
Nation stakeholders to lead, 
control, own, and participate 
in the process of curriculum 
development and systemic 
educational change.” 

In the interim, the focus of 
the centre is to help improve 
effectiveness in the classroom 
through the provision of spe¬ 
cialist services and to assist in 
the adaptation and implemen¬ 
tation of the new Provincial 
curriculum. These specialists 
travel extensively to First 
Nation communities to deliver on-site workshops, 
seminars, conferences, courses, training and support 
services. The support staff is made up by a group of 
professionals that include education specialists in 
English language arts, special education, science and 
technology. Educational Psychologists, Speech and 
Language Pathologists, and Reading Clinicians are 
also available at the request of First Nation schools. 
Other services provided by the centre include profes¬ 
sional training and development, research and data 
collection and a library resource center. 

The MFNERC has three locations in Manitoba; the 
head office at 1214 Fife Street in Winnipeg, the 
Thompson office at 55 Selkirk Avenue, Thompson 
and the Dauphin office at 508 Main Street in Dauphin. 
Call the Winnipeg office at (204) 940 - 7020 for more 
information. To view the centre’s informative website, 
click onto 

Congratulations to 



Alberta Native News 

Call before you dig. 

19 years of publishing success 

Consulting • Engineering • Construction • Management Services 

s • Landscape Architects 

Serving clients more than 90 years 




Call us for the location nearest you 

1 - 866 - 425-1080 


We salute the professionals growing the economy 
q of First Nations through cooperative 

resource management 

O | 

j Mullen Trucking Inc. 


(780) 986-5310 FAX: (780) 986-3324 
6310 -45 Street 
Leduc, Alberta 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 


Reading and 
Math Software 

through the initial testing process (user friendly) the 
students are placed at a beginning point which is 
appropriate for their skill level. They must master the 
particular skill assigned to them before they are 
“allowed” to go on to another task (Random clicking, 
skipping from one part of a software package to 
another, etc. is a thing of the past- I LOVE this fea- 

Academy of Reading and Academy of Math are 
AutoSkill International Inc. Canadian software prod¬ 
ucts. Academy of Reading software is widely used 
within Canada and the United States, with licenses 
purchased for thousands of schools 
and District Master Licenses cur- 

ture!) Each exercise is short enough to maintain inter¬ 
est, the program is easy for the students to use, there 
is lots of positive verbal encouragement within the 
software and the scope of the program is such that it 
can be used by a student as (s)he advances through 

A recent journal article written by Jodi 
Everett, a British Columbia middle school 
learning assistance teacher, included 
this statement about Academy of 
Reading: “The students experience 
the success of mastering a level 
and moving on. Once that hap- 
W pens, they are hooked. The pro¬ 

gains with three 
five 30-45 minute train- 

ail Academy of Reading pilot 
project at Tusarvik School in 
Repulse Bay, Nunavut, shared 
the following insights about 
Academy of Reading: “Now, I 
must tell you that, overall, I am very 
excited with the Program and its poten¬ 
tial, in the hands of enthusiastic teachers, 
to improve the Reading skills of students. 
We have enrolled all our students, from ( 

ware is a new student support resource and is designed 
to complement Academy of Reading software. 
Academy of Math covers a broad range of Math 
objectives from basic skills to High School entrance 
and includes almost 14 000 questions cross-refer¬ 
enced to NCTM (National Council of Teachers of 
Mathematics) standards. 

Student training is presented at eight levels in each 
of 10 Mathematics’ sub-skill areas (Numeration, 
Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, 
Fractions, Equations, Measurement, Geometry and 
Graphing). Each training session begins with a tutori¬ 
al and is followed by practice to mastery with 
“Terms”, “Operations” and then “Word Problems”. 

Both Academy of Reading and Academy of Math 
may be used with individuals, small groups, or whole 
classes of students, with each student having an indi¬ 
vidualized program and progressing independently at 
his or her own rate. 

For more information call 403-844-8490 or email 

Congratulations on your 19th Anniversary 

Wetaskiwin Carpet Centre 

Carpet • Linoleum • Ceramic Tile 
• Hardwood 

Supplied & Installed 

Ph. (780) 352-4434 

Fax. (780) 352-9615 
5112 - 50 Ave., Wetaskiwin, AB T9A 0S6 


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Four upward and some of our younger students will 
join in the program a bit later. It certainly does not 
replace good teaching and must be accompanied by it 
to achieve maximum potential, but, having said that, I 
think it will benefit any and every student who uses it 
consistently over a period of time. 

“There are many features I like: for example. 

The biggest gain has been 
actually getting the buy-in 
from those kids who have 
chronically refused help in 

Academy of Math soft- 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Canada’s Dempster 
Highway turns 25 in 2004! 


Canada’s only public highway that cross¬ 
es the Arctic Circle and in winter extends 
to the Arctic Ocean. This highway is one 
of the world's most spec¬ 
tacular wilderness high¬ 
ways, following the 
route used in the early 
1900s by the Royal 
Canadian Mounted 
Police dog team patrols 
between Dawson City in 
the Yukon Territory and 
Fort McPherson in the 

Services (Gasoline, 
diesel, propane and 
repair) are available at 
KM 0 - Klondike River 
Lodge, KM 369 - Eagle 
Plains, KM 550 - Fort 
McPherson and Inuvik. 

This highway is in 
remarkably good condi¬ 
tion, but remember it is a 
gravel road. Road condi¬ 
tions will change if it has been raining 
and mud may prevail. As with anywhere 
else in the world, the weather can be 
unpredictable. One can experience snow 
every month of the year, but it can also 
be very hot. The Inuvik Region quite 
often is the hot spot in Canada during the 
month of June. We suggest layering your 

Sometimes, portions of the road are 
visible for miles as it winds over the 
landscape, other times one can see only 
to the next curve. Most times one is cap- 

quility afforded along this highway. 

This drive takes you through three 
mountain ranges: the Tombstones, the 
Ogilivies and the Richardsons. These 
-different in appear¬ 

and sloping. The highway 
has several pullouts with 
delightful views of moun¬ 
tain, gorges, rivers and 
plateaus unfolding in the 
distance. Also en route 
there are several clean 
Yukon and Northwest 
Territories Government 
Campgrounds for camping 
as well as two RV Parks in 

Experience the 

Dempster. Let yourself be 
captivated by this road that 
winds through valleys nes¬ 
tled between rocky and 
crumbling mountains, over 
flat plateaus, between 
blackened, bumed-out 
forests carpeted with bril¬ 
liant purple fireweed, under a midnight 
sun surrounded by orange and pink 
clouds, past empty treeless tundra wait¬ 
ing for the return of the caribou and past 
fluffy white arctic cotton smelling faintly 
of baby powder. 

The great vastness and unspoiled beau¬ 
ty in the western Arctic beckon you to 
come and enjoy it Choose to drive the 
Dempster, you’ll be glad you did - again 
and again! 

Write or email us (see ad) for a com¬ 
plete list of events from January 1 to 
Uecenmer _> 1, 2004. 


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Head up the Dempster Highway to the Arctic edge of Canodo. 
Follow the highway from Dawson Oly, Yukon, through 
spectacular mountain scenery, across the Arctic Grek, into the 
Horlhwest Territories. You'll cross two mighty rivets, the Peel 
ond the Mackenzie, ond Iravel to Inuvik on the shore of the 
Mackenzie Delta, the tenth largest river delta in the worid. 

At Inuvik, people of various cultures live side by side: the Gwkhln 
of the mountain forests, the InuvirAjit of the Arctic const. Inuvik is 
also home to the famous Great northern Arts Festival held each 
July, and featuring a imge of vsttctf end perAarming arts. 


• Take a tour of Inuvik located just south of the treeline. 

• Tour the Delta by boat. • Travel by air to the mountains, 
to Tuktoyaktuk to see pingos ond the Arctic Oceon, to 
Paulatuk, gateway to Tuktut Nogait national Park, to Sachs 
Harbour for Arcfic wildlife, to historic Aklrnik, or to Herschel 
Island home base for 19th century whalers. On the Dempster 
highway, slop in at Fort McPherson and moivel at the river 


Tourism & Porks 

. Government of the Northwest Territories 
) Bag Service #1-NJ, Inuvik, NT X0E0T0 
Ph: 867-777-7237 Fax:867-777-7321 

Toll free call: 1-800-661-0788 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 




Congratulations Alberta Native News, on your 19th Anniversary 
of independent publishing. Best wishes in your efforts to preserve 


Serving the Communities 
of the South MacKenzie 


(867) 874-2562 Fax: (867) 874-2732 
43013 MacKenzie Highway 

Blurbs...More than a Bookstore 

5109B-50th Avenue 
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(780) 352-0618 

- Children’s (all ages) Books - Tarot Cards 

- Feng Shui - Inspirational - Reiki 

- Chakra Stones - Flealth & Fitness 

- Astrology - Self-Healing 

- Reflexology - Indoor Fountains 
A Large Selection of Native Books & Gifts ft 

GSOkgCssSsiffQ Wswqi? (FbjQqqi?© 

a ©§»?©©(? M 'utetaos 

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Have you ever thought about a Career in the Trades? If you have 
and are of Aboriginal Ancestry, your future may begin with the 
Apprenticeship Program. If you are currently living or relocating 
to Edmonton, Fort McMurray or High Level, the Alberta Aboriginal 
Apprenticeship Project operating in these locations may be able 
to help you. For more information, please call: 

Toll Free (1-866-408-1840 / 

Luxury Executive Suites 
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Alberta Native News 

August, 2003 

Recipes from 
the Sioux Chef 

by Chef Dickie Yuzicapi 

For my family, meals have always centered on a 
blending of traditional foods with a broad range of 
ingredients using modem culinary techniques. In 
this recipe I have chosen a menu that showcases a 
bounty in a feast of flavours. This meal is simple, 
yet surprisingly elegant; a true summer feast on the 
grill; Scrumptious Candied Salmon accompanied 
with Grilled Vegetables and a Citrus Salad. 

Candied Salmon 


1-2 lbs of Salmon Fillets 
1/4 cup liquid honey 
1/4 cup brown sugar 
Salt and Pepper 

Sweet Potatoes 
Onions (Red & White) 
Olive Oil 
Salt and Pepper 


Wash all the vegetables in cold water. Quarter 
the peppers and remove the core and seeds. Slice 
the zucchini and yams on the diagonal, making 
long slices. Keep the slices even at approxi¬ 
mately 1/4 inch thick- Onions should be peeled 
and sliced into 1/4 inch rings. 

Place all the vegetables into a large bowl. 
Sprinkle on the olive oil, salt and pepper. Toss 
the vegetables to ensure they are completely 

Place the vegetables directly on the grill, next 
to the salmon. Watch the vegetables don’t bum, 
by continually turning them. The vegetables 
should take approximately 6-8 minutes to cook 
until fork tender. 

Citrus Salad 

_„_„ie BBQ to a low-medium heat. Cut the 

salmon fillet into approximately 1.5 inches wide por¬ 
tions. With the skin side down, place all the portions 
onto a huge piece of foil. Salt and pepper the salmon 
to taste. Mix the liquid honey and brown sugar into a 

K ~ Congratulations Alberta Native News 
on your 19th Anniversary 



Lawyers for Business 

small bowl until the sugar is completely dissolved. 
Using a basting brush, completely coal the salmon 
with the honey mixture. Cover with foil. Make sure 
the foil is tightly sealed around the salmon so the 
juices will not leak. Place the sealed salmon foil pack 
onto the centre of the grill. Let each side cook for 
approximately 6-8 minutes. This will be dependant 
upon the thickness of your fillet Watch for flare-ups, 
as the flames will bum your fish. 

Variations to this recipe include the addition of 
sliced almonds on top of the salmon. This will add a 
nice crunch and another level of rich flavour. 

Grilled Vegetables 


Bell Peppers (Red, Yellow & Green) 

ations. Alberta 'Native 'NeWs. on 


Saskatoon, SK_ 

1 - 306 - 668-6101 

Happy 19th Anniversary 


Emergency: 9-1-1 


jvj The Siou^i Chef 

Catering Company 


3 Medium Oranges 

1 Large Grapefruit 

1-1/2 lb Watermelon or Honeydew Melon 

1 pint Fresh berries (Saskatoons are best) 

1/4 cup Lemon juice 

1/4 cup Orange juice 

2 tbsp Liquid Honey 

Salt and Pepper 


Peel the oranges and grapefruit. Slice wedges out of 
the oranges and grapefruit, this will eliminate any 
membrane and leave only the juiciest part of the fruit 
Prepare the melon using a melon bailer, this will cre¬ 
ate an interesting and fun look. If a melon bailer is not 
handy, cutting the melon into cubes will also create an 
entertaining look. Rinse the berries under cold water 
and let drain. 

Place all the fruit into a large serving bowl. Add the 
lemon and orange juice and honey, firsure that every¬ 
thing is mixed thoroughly. Add salt and pepper to 
taste. By adding salt and pepper the juiciness of the 
fruit will be enhanced. 

Everything can be served at once. The sweetness of 
the salmon, the aroma of the vegetables, combined 
with the tartness of the citrus salad will be a feast for 
all senses. This combination makes a great summer 
meal for all to enjoy. 

Lela-waste, Chef Dickie Yuzicapi 

Best wishes Alberta Native News for continued success 

Wt(ourrsellin ( i 

We Can Help: E 

• Free weekly workshops 
ves to bankruptcy • Repayment programs 
er tomorrow! 

Congratulations Alberta 'Native 'Newts on your 
/ 9th Anniversary of promoting 'Native art b culture. 
Continue! success from-. The Staff of 

Treaty 7 Economic 
Development Corporation 

300,6011 - 1A Street SW, Calgary, AB T2H 0G5 

Phone: (403) 251-9471 

Fax: (403) 251-9750 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 


Economic Development 


housing, justice, Indian child and family services, others have nt 
post-secondary education, social assistance, family “It is our diversification 
services and ACCPAC, a new interface that integrates in geography, products, 
the Aboriginal 

Information System m 

(2<u<yiatut<xtOM /4UvUa ’Hattuc TtuM. 

Fort McMurray, Alberta T9H 5E2 
Fax: (780) 743-2745 • Email: 

In general, added Bob 
Belanger, the AIS pro¬ 
grams are designed to 
make everyone’s work 
life just a little more 
pleasurable. Business and 
community leaders will 
be pleased to know 
Advanced DataSystems 
is fully versatile and upon 

atUtnate cpum /tiuiiveruMct. faun tAe 

2302 - 8 St., Nisku, AB 
Ph: (780) 955-6700 
Fax: (780) 955-6726 

Akita Drilling Ltd. 

Best wishes Alberta Native News on your 19th Anniversary edition. 


Canadian Natural 

PHONE (403) 517-6784 OR FAX (403) 517-7367 
#2500, 855 2nd Street S.W., CALGARY, AB T2P4J8 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Whitehorse to host Cando 
National Conference 

se of the momentum and energy generated in 

the early stages of projects in order i 
Learning opportunities in the spiritual and emotional 
quadrants will highlight the role of the EDO in econom¬ 
ic development and provide opportunities to identify 
... . . , new and emerging trends. 

19 2003 the city of Whitehorse, hoop and a common symbol among North America s The Counci i for the Advancement of Native 
- ■ 10th Annual Indigenous communities. Development Officers is an Edmonton-based, federally 

“The circle,” explains CANDO’s conference agenda, registered, non-profit 

the basic form 

On September . _ . 

Yukon, will become the venue for 
General Meeting of the Council for the Advancement of 

Native Development Officers (CANDO). wholeness 

As in year’s past the CANDO Annual Conference is ctated with wholeness 

offering something new to its membership;_this year if* connection, repeating 

I; j _ connection, repeating 

Open Space cycles and equality, call- 

the introduction of a new initiative, upen 

Technology, an innovative method for organizing meet- mgevepythmg 

“Open Space,” say conference organizers, - , 

process based on Indigenous ways of meeting. The understood Each quad- 
process encourages highly interactive participation in rant (mental phys«=a, 
conversations, accelerates learning, networking and the emotional, and spinhial) 
sharing of best practices. will be used to renec 

Oiibway/Irish facilitator, Chris Corrigan, will be facil- the various aspects or 

hating the Open Space segment of the conference. He’ll Aboriginal economic 
be providing a new and unique format from which par- development. These 
ticipants, peers, partners and supporters will be able to themes will be explored 
share and exchange ideas and explore opportunities for using “ons. 

The theme of this year’s conference, The Drum is workshops, presenta- 
Calling, Journey to New Horizons, will provide confer- tions, and cracker barrel 
ence delegates with numerous learning opportunities sessions, 
within the framework of the Medicine Wheel, a sacred Tt ’“ 

Aboriginal controlled, 
and membership driv¬ 
en. The organization 
was formed in 1990 
by fifty Aboriginal 
economic develop¬ 
ment officers (EDOs) 
who believed that by 
creating an organiza¬ 
tion that addressed 
their specific needs, 
their capacity 

v '"«. 


Happy Anniversary 
Alberta Native News 

(780) 542-4411 

5121 - 51 Street, Drayton Valley, Alberta 

would be 
increased. The organ¬ 
ization was founded 
and mandated by the 
EDOs to provide a 

The learning opportu- i '"' ' " ' / ' v --- v national body to focus 

nities in the mental on the training, edu 

quadrant will include cation and networking opportunities necessary to serve 

sharing wisdom and exploring how one s knowledge is commun jti e s and/or organizations as professionals, 

enhanced by learning from others. Delegates will have j s directed by a national regionally represented 

the opportunity to gain valuable knowledge from col- volunteer board of elected EDOs, each representing 

leagues that they can take back to their communities ( 
organizations and use immediately on the job. 

The learning opportunities within the physical quad¬ 
rant will provide tips and lessons from practice with 
respect to resource development initiatives by partici¬ 
pating in "cracker barrel" mini-presentations. Speakers 
will share their experiences on how to capture and make 

specific region of Canada. The organization is unique in 
that it is the only national body in Canada that focuses 
on education and professional development for EDOs 
working in Aboriginal communities and/or organiza- 


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CANDO provides affordable tools for professional 
development, acts as a partner for community economic | 
development puiposes, conducts research aimed at sup- j 
porting community economic development ventures and I 
provides and facilitates educational and training oppor¬ 
tunities that are designed to build the capacity required 
to strengthen the economies in Aboriginal communities. | 
CANDO has developed a three year work plan that is 
founded on the organization’s guiding principles. The 
plan, developed with the input of the CANDO Board of 
Directors and staff and the Standing Committee on 
Education will focus on four major areas during the next 
three years including community relations and member¬ 
ship service, education and certification, advocacy, 
research and policy and 
finance and administration. 

For information about the 
upcoming Annual General 
Meeting or to leam more 
about the work being done by 
the Council for the 
Advancement of Native 
Development Officers write 
to: Suite 200, 10404 - 66 
Ave., Edmonton, AB r 
5R6. Telephone (800) 463- 
9300 or (780) 990-0303, fa* 
(780) 429-7487 or inquire by 

Congratulations on your 
19th Anniversary and best wishes 
for continued success, from 


proud to be: 

A part of the 
Alberta Forest Industry. 

P.O. Box 1856 
High Level, AB T0H 1Z0 
Phone (780) 841-0008 or 
, Fax (78p) 841-^62 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Attitude is a 
reflection of 

by Layton Park 

Business surveys rate attitude as the number .... 
trait for success among leaders. Attitude controls our Alberta purchased the rights 
actions and 


great leaders is insignificant and most of the skills can Taking Charge of Your Life, Elimin a tin g Negative 
be learned, so why are there not more great leaders? Emotions, Changing Your Self-Concept, Rapid 
Brian Tracy developed a program several years ago Learning Techniques, Twelve Steps to Goal 
called the Phoenix in response to a need for such train- Achieving, Time Management Strategies, Creative 
m g and 11 became the most successful personal devel- Problem Solving Techniques, Eliminating Stress and 
opment program in the world. Translated into twenty- Tension, Building Superior Relationships, 

three languages, mi 115 ™* "-.rtininonto i ——a —o,_._ r.- 

it improved their lii 
be effective across most cultures and 
now a standard in many large corporati 
years ago, a band and a businessman from Norther 
the program and 

ns of participants have claimed Finding True Purpose in Life. 

The concepts taught proved to Max-U is offering special workshops in Kelowna, 
' " ' " program is Edmonton, and Saskatoon for leaders only. 

A few Participants will each receive a personal 24-page 
report that describes their individual behavioural style 
affects their communication as part of the 

pants to become 
peak performers 
in their field by 
learning to think 
differently about 
themselves and 

develop winning 
edges, and master 
the skills of other 
high achievers. 
The twenty- 

abilities. After all, seven modules 

isn’t everyone responsible for choosing their own atti- take just over an hour each. Experience has shown 
tude? The truth is they are, but a leader motivates that it is most effective if only four or five are studied 
them to make the right choice. If someone else in the P er day. two days a month for three months. In this 
organization is causing attitude problems, then it way the participants have time to absorb the informa- 

renamed it the Chameleon Communicator™. Cost to attend this pro- 
Indigenous gram alone is normally $225 - $250. The afternoon 
Phoenix, tailoring features a half-day workshop on The Psychology of 
it specifically for Achievement and Seven Mental Laws from the 
issues facing Indigenous Phoenix, which also normally sells for 
Aboriginal com- $150 to $200. In order to have leaders view these pro- 
munities. Since grams and see the value they can bring their commu- 
then, communi- nities or organizations these special one-day work- 
ties across North shops including the behaviour profile, the workbook 
America as well and materials are being offered for only $295.00 plus 
as Australia and GST. To make it even more attractive Max-U is offer- 
New Zealand ing registrants one nights accommodation plus an 
have embraced added $25.00 saving if they call and mention they saw 
the Indigenous this article prior to August 30. To encourage commu- 
Phoenix and sev- nities to participate a second person can attend the 
eral community sessions and still receive the personal profile for only 
leaders affirm the $99.00. 

program changed Participants will be offered a full money back guar- 
their lives. antee for the session if they do not find it as effective 

The objectives as promised. For more information call 1-877-312- 
of the program 6298 or e-mail to: 
for partici- 

Happy 19th Anniversary, Alberta Native News. 
Wishing you continued success in publishing your 
excellent newspaper 

Athabasca Pipelines Ltd. 

becomes a failure of the leader if he 
deal with them. The leader must take responsibility 
for the general attitude of the organization he 
leads or as US President, John F. Kennedy, onci 
“If not us, then who?” 

The good news is once a leader understands 
be true they can make the choices and changes 
sary to create their vision of the future. 

opportunity to apply the principles 
their lives and careers between sessions. The indi- 
s he vidual coaching component offers participants an 
opportunity for regular ongoing coaching during this 
period. Participants have reported astounding results. 

The Phoenix program is not a “touchy feely” or 
emotion-based seminar but a program that offers 
solid, tangible skills that serve the participants for 
years. A few of the twenty- 
topics include, 

A Message to Youth: 

Stay in School 
You Are the Future 

Acceptance Ltd. 

Hobbema, AB 

Most people become leaders because they have a 
vision and possess a great deal of knowledge and skill 
to make that vision real. The largest challenge they Unlocking Your Potential, 
report is to achieve and 
maintain the right attitude 
in their followers in order 
to produce results they 
desire. While some lead- 
i have a natural 

charisma that allows them 
to lead in a seemingly 
effortless manner while 
the people follow along 
behind, others feel as 
though they are herding 
chickens. Studies show 
that the difference 
between good leaders and 

, LeRoy Johnson, m 


(test Wishes *Alberta 'Native 'News 

TEL: (780) 415-0977 I FAX: (780) 415-0951 
4870 - 51 STREET 

trom me management aim sian at 

FAiviily EyECARE Clirnic 


Serving All of Your Family's Byecare Needs! 

Visit our web page for more information 

(780) 352-4312 
Fax: (780) 352-4984 




Happy Anniversary Alberta Native News 

10301-96 Street 

High level, AB T0H120 P.O. BOX 206 

PHONE: (780) 926-4411 RAINBOW LAKE, AB TOH 2Y0 
FAX: (780) 926-4415 PHONE: (780) 956-3500 


Do you need a Competitive Edge? 

/ Improve your communication skills 
/ Project greater confidence 
/ Become a high performance leader 
/ Develop a successful positive attitude 
/ Reduce stress and pressure 
/ Achieve more goals 

Call for information on courses being offered in your area 

Toll Free Now 

1-877-312-6298 Inc. 
Info (2> 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Inclusion is the 

key to success 

by Xavier Kataquapit 

this process can be relatively easy but in a larger city talent. 

in a non-Native environment this can be a daunting The Inclusion Network was developed by 
task that can be very difficult for First Nation people. AHRDCC over the past couple of years. Part of the 
Accessing available services and searching for the rationale to develop this program was to promote 
right job can be an overwhelming task for someone opportunities available to First Nation people through 

many difficulties to find meaningful employment for 
themselves in the past. These same difficulties and 
challenges are still affecting people in the First 
Nation community today. One of the main obstacles 
that people have to overcome is the fact that they live 
in remote locations. This makes it difficult to access 
information and stay on top of current developments 
and opportunities taking place in larger city centres in 
other parts of the province or country. 

Those living in remote northern communities have 
always had to deal with the challenge of trying to 
access information in the southern non-Native world. 
This becomes even more complicated due to the fact 
that English is sometimes a second language for those 
living in isolated communities. There are several 
services and organizations that First Nation people 
can turn to for help and assistance to find their 
employment and training needs such as Mamo-Wichi- 
Hetiwin Employment & Training in Timmins and 
Thunder Bay. These types of First Nation run agencies 
exist all over the country. 

Once a person is able to achieve the training and 
skills they need for their employment goals there is 
also the task of finding a job. In a small community 

To make the process of finding employment and 
training opportunities easier for First Nation peo¬ 
ple, the Aboriginal Human Resources 
Development Council of Canada 
(AHRDCC) has developed a pro¬ 
gram called the Inclusion > 

Network. I recently found out ' 
about this new program 
through Trina Maher, 

Manager of Aboriginal #* <$ 

Skills and Learning for 
the AHRDCC who has . 
been pro- 
moting this 

companies focusing on employment equity, 
addition, the program was designed to help compa¬ 
nies communicate employment opportunities to the 
Aboriginal public. 

irvice is available online on the 
for Aboriginal job seekers to 
The Inclusion Network web- 
te can be found at www.inclu- Those who 
use the system can register 
and put their own resume 
, online where it will be 
V made available for 

searching for 


f Fe'ervices Societ 


C Ctrtifiij end AurtiiUi'j 

in the Nishnawbe-Aski 
Nation (NAN) area. She 
has been involved in 
regional developments 
with Aboriginal employ¬ 
ment and training organiza¬ 
tions for the past few years 
and recently started working for the 
national Aboriginal human resources organization. 

The program is designed to assist First Nation peo¬ 
ple across the country find the training and employ¬ 
ment they need to move ahead. The program was cre- 
' '' ' Canadian employers to Aboriginal job 

employees. First Nation 
I people using the online 
website can also access job 
information across the 
country, find information on 
bursaries or scholarships and 
other information relating to 
employment and training. 

In the past few years, there have 
been many partnerships that have 
developed to help First Nation people 
much needed employment opportunities. There 
still a great deal of work taking place to maintain 


Aboriginal social workers providing 
culturally sensitive social services 
programs in support of the Urban 
Aboriginal Community. 

Our Choices, Stay in School Program 
has been successful in helping the 
children in our community achieve 
their education goals 

seekers and to over 300 Aboriginal Employment these partnerships. One of the 
Centres and post-secondary institutes across Canada, these developments has been to find trained and 
The goal of the Inclusion Network is twofold and aims skilled First Nation people to take on newly created 
to improve employment prospects for Aboriginal job roles where First Nation communities now share con- 
seekers through a dedicated recruitment system and to trol over development in their traditional territories, 
provide a means for employers who are serious about The Inclusion Network will help First Nation commu- 
creating a diverse workforce to reaching Aboriginal mat ba«» 



& Services covered by Alberta Health, Sash. Health and NWT Health 
Confidential ® Services from 5-20 weeks &Counselling Provided 
® Registered with Alberta's College of Physicians & Surgeons 

24 Hour Information: 780-489-3380 
Appointment: 780-484-1124 

FAX 780-489-3379 

developing partnerships that have 
taken place in their area. In addition, companies and 
private industries that are open to working with First 
Nation people now have a way of communicating to 
the First Nation workforce across Canada. 

Thanks to the help of local organizations such as 
Mamo-Wichi-Hetiwin Employment & Training, First 
Nation people are accessing training and employment 
programs. Meegwetch also to the AHRDCC and its 
leadership who have developed the Inclusion 
Network, a valuable new tool to make it easier for 
Aboriginal people to find meaningful employment 
opportunities. It is all about making a living and con¬ 
tributing to society and everyone should have that 


Congratulations to Alberta Native News as you 
celebrate your 19th Anniversary. 

We congratulate you on your 
accomplishments, from... 


at Phono (780) 356-3013 • Fax (780) 356-2587 
P.O. Box 303, Hvtho, AI hoot a TOH 2C0 

‘Go for it. 

...makeyour dream a reality! 1 


Student Services 

encourages higher education 


Cree School Board 
Commission scolaire Crie 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 


Focusing on Resources 

Ruling condemns 
Native fishery 

by John Copley 

Aboriginal-only pilot sales fisheries for the season. 

In his decision Judge Kitchen ruled that Department 
of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) was contravening the 
Charter of Rights by allowing Native-only commer¬ 
cial fisheries to exist at all. He also called the DFO’s 
pilot sales program for Native fishers illogical and 
discriminatory as well as unconstitutional, racist and 
in direct contradiction of the Canadian Charter of 

“The most troubling aspect of this discrimination,” 
he remarked, “is that it is government sponsored.” 

Band Councillor Wendy Grant-John, a former Chief 
of the Musqueam First Nation, says the fight for fish¬ 
ing rights has been a long one, and one that won’t be 
dismissed easily. 

my kids and the rest of these young kids go through it 
in theirs,” remarked Todd Douglas, a Cheam First 
Nation band member who depends on the annual 
catch to sustain his family and help the community. 

@ Happy 19th Anniversary Alberta Native News 

Dave Chatters, MP 

Official Opposition Chief Natural Resources Critic 

1 - 800 - 667-8450 

102-9912 Franklin Avenue 
Fort McMurray, AB T9H 2K5 
Athabasca Constituency 

Wilson Drilling 


Working in cooperation with 
Denendeh Development Corporation's 
Shehtah Drilling 

Ph: 403-252-5320 

Fx: 403.252.7920 

201,340 Mid Park Way S.E., Calgary, AB T2X1 PI 

Happy 19th Anniversary! 

LethbridgeAboriginal Career & Employment Center 

_ je S. Telephone: (403) 320-8889 

Lethbridge, AB Toll Free: 1-866-320-8889 

T1J 0T5 Fax: (403) 320-8842 


Vivian White Quills, Executive Director 
Happy Anniversary Alberta Native News 

.... 4M g 

f (r 'unyiatataterms ^//Aet/a . I hin t . Veras on rn/rt<!t- 
your SOtA year of sconi/ny the Hfirst JVoSmus , fan, 

Carnival Supplies - Flags & Banners 
Advertising Specialties • 
Toll Free: 1-800-661-9831 • Fax: (780) 462-3972 
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Alberta Native News 

August, 2003 


Federal funding 
allocated for oil 
sands review 

The Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency 
has provided $75,000 to six applicants to help them 
prepare for and participate in the federal-provincial 
review of the proposed Horizon Oil Sands Project. 
The funding: is available through the Participant 
Funding Program administered by the Canadian 
Environmental Assessment Agency. 

All applications received by the Funding Review 
Committee were approved for funding. The recipients 
are: Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation; Fort McKay 
First Nation and Fort McKay Metis Local 122; Fort 
McMurray Medical Staff Association; Mikisew Cree 
First Nation; Oil Sands Environmental Coalition; and 
the Sierra Club of Canada. 

The Funding Review Committee, independent from 
the joint' environmental assessment panel, was 
appointed to examine all participant funding applica¬ 
tions. The Committee members were: Dr. Ian A. 
Montgomerie, President, IMI Strategics; Becky 
Vander Steen, Communications Consultant, Trevose 
Consultants Limited; and Brace Young, Director, 
Project Assessment, Canadian Environmental 
Assessment Agency. 

All of the Committee's recommendations were 
unanimous and are contained in the Report of the 
Funding Review Committee which will be available 
on the Agency's Web site at 

The funding will help recipients review the project 
application to the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board, 

Parkland Ventures 


Guidance - Advocacy - Employment 
for Disabled or Disadvantaged Persons 

4803 - 52 Avenue^ Ph. (780) 963-1376 

Stony Plain, Alberta Fax. (780) 963-2592 

College ofWholistic Practices 







GAEL REILLY AT (780) 454-9814 

as well as prepare for and participate in 
the public hearings of the joint review 
panel for the Horizon Oil Sands Project. 
The joint review panel will be estab¬ 
lished by the Government of Canada and 
the Government of Alberta. A public 
hearing for the Horizon Oil Sands 
Project has been set for September 15. 

Canadian Natural Resources Limited is 
proposing to construct and operate an oil 
sands mining, extraction and upgrading 
facility in the Fort McMurray area, the 
Horizon Mine. The project is designed to 
produce approximately 43,000 cubic 
metres per day of bitumen and approxi¬ 
mately 37,000 cubic metres per day of 
upgraded bitumen product. Construction 
is scheduled to begin in 2004, initial pro¬ 
duction in 2007, and full production is 
planned for 2011. 

The Canadian Environmental 
Assessment Agency administers the fed¬ 
eral environmental assessment process, 

Program oi 

_„__ obtain a copy of the Funding Review 

which identifies the environmental effects of pro- Committee's report contact: Peter Bedrossian, 
posed projects and measures to address those effects, Manager, Participant Funding Program, Canadian 
in support of sustainable development. Environmental Assessment Agency. Tel.: (819) 994- 

For further information on the Participant Funding 4049, E-mail: 

Aboriginal Information 

continued from page 19 

“The Citizen Database is the core of the AIS system 
and central to all program areas,” explained Belanger. 
“The citizens of any given First Nation community 
are entered into the system so their information can be 
saved in electronic form, rather than paper form. The 
data can be easily accessed by First Nations users 
(with a proper Username and Password) to quickly 
and easily generate detailed reports such as Treaty 
Number lists, voter lists and so forth. The module is 
very user-friendly and offers complete information at 
your finger tips.” 

Here’s a brief look at how a couple of the other 
modules work. 

“The Housing Program area application,” explained 
Belanger, “works seamlessly with the Citizen 
Database component, as it does with all other AIS 
program area applications. The housing component 
automates the management of the housing infrastruc¬ 
ture on the First Nation. Everything from inventory 
and repair information to occupancy statistics is han¬ 
dled by the system. Many detailed reports, including 
repair schedules and histories, housing inventories 
and occupancy statistics can be also generated. All of 
the data and methods are delivered within the guide¬ 
lines of the Canadian Mortgage and Housing 
Corporation (CMHC).” 

Built-in features of the Housing Program ensure 
that data is readily available for reports and budgets 
and old manual forms are replaced with electronic 
ones. The program also utilizes powerful ad-hoc 

Water Resources Expertii 

reporting capabilities. 

The Justice area application module is a unique tool 
that can be utilized by on-Reserve police forces and 
other policing agencies to track information about 
offenders and their offenses. 

“Data entry,” explains Belanger, “begins with infor¬ 
mation about the specific event or incident. Offenders 
are then identified and information such as the name 
of the offender, his or her address and gender are 
recorded. At this point the victims are identified and a 
healing contract is associated with each victim. 
Finally, there is an outcome to the entire process. 
There is one outcome per offender involved in the 
incident, and this outcome indicates the close of the 
incident for that offender. We are currently in the 
process of refining this component with a First Nation 
community partner in the Northwest Territories.” 

Features of this application include the ability to 
record information about a particular incident or 
event, store the information including name, address 
and gender for each individual offender. Victims are 
identified into one of two classes (First class is the 
object of the offense such as a person or company. 
The second class of victims is the offender him or her¬ 
self). A healing contract is associated with each vic- 

For more information about the many modules 
included in the service. Bob Belanger invites our 
readers to check out the ADS website. The site(s) can 
be located at: or 
You can also contact the ADS office in Saskatoon by 
writing to: 206 - 2121 Airport Drive, Saskatoon, SK. 
S7L 6W5 or by calling (306) 933-9991. Fax inquiries 
can be directed to: (306) 975-8881. 

Congratulations Alberta Native News on 19 years 
of serving Canada's Aboriginal Peoples 



204 - 204 Black Street 
Whitehorse, YT Y1A2M9 

Ph: 867.668.6565 Fx: 867.668.6570 


August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

Horse Lake Multiplex to host exciting 
'So Ya Wanna Fight Contest’ 



by John Copley 

Got some pent up frustrations you want to deal created the need, 
with? How about a good old-fashioned fist fight. On “The Multiplex,” explains facility manager Rod 
September 27 you can get just what you’re looking for McDonald, “houses a full size ice arena with bleach- 
if you travel out to Hythe, Alberta, because the Horse ers on both sides, a 30 person hot tub, steam rooms 
Lake First Nation is once again hosting its tough and a fully equipped weight training and exercise 
guy/girl competition. room. Conference rooms are available, as is a fully 

The Horse Lake Multiplex took more than 15 equipped modem restaurant that can seat up to 40 peo- 
months to build but it only took the facility’s organ- pie. Our facility is also handicapped accessible and is 
izers three months to hit on an idea that could turn out equipped with an elevator to assist those in need.” 
to be a rainbow in disguise - or at least the pot of gold. McDonald is in the process of lining up teams, tour- 
Picking up on an old theme that once introduced for- naments and other exciting athletic events with the 
mer Canadian heavyweight boxing champion Ken idea of bringing in youth and adult athletes from 
Lakusta to the public, the Multiplex, a beautifully around the province and beyond to participate in 
designed and fully equipped sports facility, introduced hockey, ringette and broomball tournaments 
the popular, SO YOU WANNA FIGHT, Cuz You “Of course,” he added, “the majority of the 
Think Yer Tuff Contest earlier this spring. Multiplex users will be from Horse Lake and sur- 

“So You Wanna Fight” is billed as an event for bik- rounding communities. The population base in Horse 
ers, bouncers, brawlers, red-necks, ruff-necks and no- Lake, Grande Prairie, Hythe, Beaverlodge, Dawson 
necks. Creek and surrounding area is in excess of 150,000 so 

“It’s a great format for a grudge match,” urged fight the facility will stay busy.” 
promoters, anticipating a huge crowd of more than Accommodating sports events is just one of the rea- 
2000 for the September 27 event. “This rare opportu- sons why the Horse Lake Multiplex facility was dig¬ 
nity for conflict resolution (away from the streets) has inally conceived. Other objectives include promoting 
given ordinary folk the opportunity to test themselves healthy lifestyle choices, particularly for Native youth 

against individuals of near equal skill, who weigh-in in the region; encouraging a high level of interest and - —--— 

together and fight within a safe and regulated envi- participation by Native youth in hockey and other book ** le * ac ^ 1, y for y° ut s 
ronment.” Rod at (780) 356 - 2219. 

More and more women, say organizers, are becom¬ 
ing attracted to these events, both as contestants and 
spectators, and they want you to know that everyone’s 
invited to participate or watch the upcoming event. 

“So You Wanna Fight” gained instant popularity 
with its viewers and contestants because of its simple 
formula and total lack of pretension. Fighters wear 10 
oz. gloves, no head gear and compete in two one- 
minute rounds under standard boxing rules. The 
matches are being set up on an elimination-style card 
with fighters competing in four weight classes: under 
146 lb, 146 to 165,167 to 185 and 186 to 400 lb. ■ 

Ringside tickets are $32 
each while general admis¬ 
sion; rings in at $27. 

Tickets can be purchased 
at the door or ordered by 
phone. Call the Crystal 
Centre Box Office at 780- 
538-0387. The local pro¬ 
moter for this venue is Rod 
McDonald. Don Amott is 
the international promoter. 

Check out the fight card’s 
website at: or call 
Don Amott for more infor¬ 
mation - his number is toll 
free 1-877-215-1340. 

The Horse Lake 
Multiplex project was initi¬ 
ated because the growing 
population of the Horse 
Lake First Nation and the 
surrounding communities 

team sports, and to assist in the development of ath¬ 
letic skills in Native youth by providing a means to 
achieve better balance both spiritually and mentally. 

Congratulations on 19 years of inbepehbent publishing 




3425- 118 Ave. N.W. 

(780) 474-0931 

Edmonton, AB 

•Happy Anniversary from ■Donna Anlerson b Staff 



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Cuz Ya Think Yer Tuff (Toughman Event) 

Horse Lake Multiplex Centre 
Hythe Alberta 
on Saturday, 
September 27, 2003 
at 7:00 pm 




Rules: 2x1 minute rounds, 10 oz boxing gloves, no head gear, 
boxing rules for fighting. No pros or amateurs with 5 or 
more bouts. Elimination tournament, with four weight 
classes. Under 146 lb, 146 to 165,167 to 185 and 186 
to 400 lb. 

Tickets: Ringside $32 General Admission $27 

Tickets at the door Multiplex Centre or order by phone 

Crystal Centre Box Office 780-538-0387 

Web Site: 

Information to enter as a fighter: 

Don Arnott 1-877-215-1340 

For information about the Horse Lake Multiplex 
Centre or to book your next athletic event call Rod 
McDonald, Facility Manager: 780-356-2219 

acuity Manager: rau-aab-zzi a 

- ' 


Alberta Native News August, 2003 


mdary Memekwesiwuk is pr 
inge Band. Curriculum Re 
cated to providing quality 
all the people of the First Ni 

The Story of the Legendary 

Collected and illustrated by James Ratt. Told by Ida Ratt 

Have you ever heard stories of the Memekwesiwuk? They were believed to be 
powerful medicine men who lived among the cliffs along rocky shores. Some peo¬ 
ple say that they were lost souls who inhabited our world. The elders who have 
seen the Memekwesiwuk offered them tobacco. They placed the tobacco in a crack 
in the cliff. This ensured that they would get calm waters for travelling. The 
Memekwesiwuk had the power to cause rough water but an offering given to them 
would gain someone their protection. 

These strange creatures were a nuisance to some people in the ol 
they would steal fish from the nets of the people. Usually they wi 
nets when they stole the fish and a ruined net caused much work fo 
the lodge. 

: & H O 


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Tel: (780) 624-2595 •Toll Free 1-800-363-8112 

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An old man had this happen to 
his nets and he was angry at the 
mischief of the Memekwesiwuk. 
So, one night he paddled his 
canoe out on the lake where he 
had set his fish nets. He watched 
these strange creatures come out 
of the cliffs on their canoe and 
allowed them to approach the 
nets. Then he positioned his canoe 
between the cliffs and the nets 
and waited for them to return. 
When the Memekwesiwuk 
returned with their load of fish, 
the old man grabbed the bow of 
their canoe when they came by. 

Happy Anniversary, Alberta Native News. 
We wish you the best of luck 



August, 2003 Alberta Native News 


The Memekwesiwuk fell to the bottom of their canoe because they were very 
ashamed of their faces. The old fisherman told them to sit up in the canoe but they 
replied that they did not want him to see their faces because they didn’t look like 
humans. The old man told them he knew what they looked like because he had 
seen them in his dreams. 

The Memekwesiwuk took their hands off their faces and sat up in their canoe. 
To the old man’s astonishment, they had no noses! 

The Memekwesiwuk told him that they were sorry to have caused him so much 

“I want you to promise me that you won’t cut up my fish nets again,” the old 
man told the Memekwesiwuk. The two medicine men swore that they would never 
again cut his nets up. 

With that promise the old man let go of their canoe and they paddled off towards 
the cliff. 

The Memekwesiwuk paddled fast towards the cliff they lived in. Their canoe 
bounced off the 
face of the cliff 
because it had lost 
its power where the 
old man had 
touched it. The 
medicine men 

around and paddled 
to the cliff again 
and this time they 
disappeared into the 
rock. When they 
got inside their 
caves, the old man 
heard them laugh¬ 
ing about their 
experience. The old 
fishermen never 
had a damaged net 
from that day on. 

814 - 4th Ave. South, Lethbridge, AB 

Congratulations -Alberta 'Native 'NeWs for 19 years of 
serving'"First'Nations, Metis anb Inuit 'Ibofiles. 



TELEPHONE (780) 423-8905 • FAX (780) 423-8946 

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your home improvement needs. 

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Happy 19th Anniversary Alberta Native News 

Fond Du Lac First Nation 

Administration Office 
Box 211 
Fond Du Lac 
Saskatchewan SOJ 0W0 

Phone (306) 686-2102 • Fax (306) 686-2040 


Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Art and Literature 

The Great Gift 
of Tears 

Edited by Heather Hodgson 
ISBN 1-55050-192-5 
Published by Coteau Books 
Regina, Saskatchewan 
review by H. C. Miller 

A unique cultural task is shared by three 
Saskatchewan playwrights in a new anthology of four 
exciting plays published recently by Coteau Books of 
Regina. Editor Heather Hodgson explains that Floyd 
Favel, Deanne Kasokeo and Bruce Sinclair, who 
developed their artistic preoccupation in a vastly dif¬ 
ferent world than that of their First Nations ancestors, 
have nonetheless each recovered and reforged 
Aboriginal traditional spiritual resources for use in the 
relatively new medium of the theatre. Hodgson, an 
accomplished writer herself who is an instructor at the 
Saskatchewan Indian Federated College in Regina, is 
of Plains Cree ancestry and reminds readers in her 
introduction that the story is particularly relevant to 
how First Nation peoples pass on knowledge. 
"Characters and events in our stories are vividly por¬ 
trayed, often moving back and forth through time, and 


P.O. Box 100 

Fort Vermilion, Alberta T0H 1N0 

Ph: (780) 927-3727 

Fx: (780) 927-4375 

Howard McBride 


10179 -108 St. Edmonton T5J1L1 
(780)422-1141 24 hrs. 


The Great Gift of Tears 

edited by Heather Hodgson 

collection of four plays that 
signals the emergence of original 
First Nations voices in Canadian 
theatre. Playwrights Floyd Favel, 
Deanne Kasokeo and Bruce Sinclair 
readers on a journey which 
celebrates ancient traditions and 
lie foundation for the future. 

In a series of poems, Batoche 
reconstructs history and 
brings the hopes and drear 
of the Mdtis people to life. 
Winner of the 1987 CBC 
Literary Competition. 

*4 Tmtf 

ISBnI 0-919926-90-8 • bound 

through other seemingly endless layers of plot and 
character that exist both in human time and in a time 
when people and animals still talked to each other," 
says Hodgson. 

Floyd Favel, who penned Governor of the Dew: a 
memorial to nostalgia and love, and All My Relatives, 
is a Cree from the Poundmaker reserve and has stud¬ 
ied theatre in Denmark, Italy and Japan as well as 
numerous locations in Canada. "On the surface. 
Governor of the Dew is a tragic and gripping love 
story," states Hodgson, whose freelance editing cred¬ 
its include Books in Canada; Seventh Generation: An 
Anthology of Contemporary Native Writing; and the 
Aboriginal writing portion of Sundog Highway. But a 
close reading unearths an historical layer, which por¬ 
trays the dramatic first encounter between Indigenous 
and European peoples. "It is the story that will affect 
First Nations peoples until the end of time." 

All My Relatives is based on stories and myths that 
have come down to present day Aboriginal people 
about the process that saw their ancestors forced to 
make a shift from the forests to the reserve and from 
the reserve to the city. "Despite its contemporary set¬ 
ting, every scene contains stories about the prophecy 
of buffalo woman, the grandmothers, and the sacred, 
ancient belief in the importance of remembering," 
says Hodgson. The heart-wrenching dilemmas which 
First Nations people have to face when they leave 
everything they know behind and make a painful tran¬ 
sition to a new life is emotional. 

Antigone is a look by playwright Deanne Kasokeo 
at the issues brought about through power and corrup¬ 
tion in First Nation communities. "With biting clarity, 
the play shows us how an imposed political structure 
can contaminate the old style of band governance by 
corrupting a chief and council," states Hodgson. The 
title character’s unwavering allegiance to the practices 
of her ancestors and her respect for the rituals of the 
dead stand out in stark relief to the corruption. A 
member of the Poundmaker Cree Nation, Kasokeo has 
had a number of plays produced and is currently an 
English student at the University of Saskatchewan. 

The fourth, and appropriately final play in 

Alberta Native News on 
19 years of successful 



Northern Provincial 

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4 - 5015 - 12th Ave„ Edson, AB T7E1E9 

Phone: (780) 723-6494 • Fax: (780) 723-6864 

Our Continued Encouragement 
In The Fight Against Drug & Alcohol Abuse 
Our Future Is With Good Health 




Chief: Victor Buffalo 

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Pat Buffalo • Victor Bruno 
Cecil Crier • Patrick Cutknife 
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Robert Swampy • Marvin Yellowbird 
Phone: (780) 585-3793 Fax: (780) 585-2226 
Edmonton direct: (780) 421-4926 
Box 159, Hobbema, Alberta TOC 1N0 

Hodgson’s opinion, takes place on the eve of the vir¬ 
gin birth. Bruce Sinclair has written Mary ofPatuanak 
as a story of a university student who, like other First I 
Nation students, is lost in non-Native academia and j 
feels alone and adrift. "Separated from her culture at ! 
an early age, Mary is linguistically and culturally •: 
alienated from her Dene roots," explains Hodgson. 
However, Metis playwright Sinclair has also created a 
humorous vein in this thinly-disguised adaptation of 
the virgin birth as he deftly twists the facts. "We wit¬ 
ness a research journey of the Magi taken by three 
fact-hungry academics. The subject matter of the play 
- cultural alienation, pregnancy, and the pitfalls of a 
white education - is serious, but the characters and 
events provide light and often amusing insights into 
sombre and dark experiences," adds Hodgson. 
Sinclair, who is Saskatchewan-bom and traces his 
ancestry from the Waterhen First Nation, has been 
involved in professional and community theatre since 
1986. He currently resides in Aylmer, Quebec. 

"The plays in this anthology are part of the tradition 
whereby the wisdom of the ancestors is continuously 
adapted to the needs of new audiences," concludes 
Hodgson. They show how the theatre can be a place 
where stories, old and new, can blossom and nourish. 
"In that regard, they are firmly rooted in the past while 
being relevant to the present." 

August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

New directors join 
Aboriginal Programs at 
The Banff Centre 

oke y 

>jeel will become the new artistic director of 
aboriginal Arts at The Banff Centre and Brian Calliou 
assume the position of director of Aboriginal 
leadership and Management. Both appointments are 
iffective August 15, 2003. 

Ms. Neel brings with her more than 12 years of 
■xperience working with First Nations communities 
an British Columbia with an emphasis on the develop¬ 
ment of arts, culture, heritage, education, small busi¬ 
ness, and language organizations. She is the cofounder 
®f two Aboriginal arts and culture organizations in 
that province including Indigenettwork: First Nations 
Women in the Arts Cooperative, and the Vancouver 
sland Consortium of Indigenous Arts. Ms. Neel is 
rom the Mamalillikulla, Da'naxda'xw, Mumtagila, 
nd Kwagiulth First Nations of the Pacific Northwest 

"We welcome Lou-ann to this position. She will 
ilay an important role with Aboriginal Arts ensuring 
hat this program area continues to provide a wide 
ange of creative, relevant, and meaningful program 
ipportunities for participants," says Joanne Morrow, 
enior vice-president. Programming, at the Centre. 

Mr. Calliou is re-joining The Banff Centre. From 
000 to 2002, he was the associate director for 
iboriginal Leadership and Management. For the past 
'ear he has been pursuing doctoral studies, his own 
law practice, and sessional teaching at the University 
®f Calgary. Mr. Calliou received both his law degree 
and his masters of law from the University of Alberta. 
He is a member of the Sucker Creek First Nation of 
northern Alberta and is actively involved with 

"We are pleased to wel¬ 
come Brian back to The 
Banff Centre," Morrow 



Management. He is com¬ 
mitted to creating, support¬ 
ing, ana maintaining an 
environment for innova¬ 
tion, creativity, and learn¬ 
ing. His experience will 
ensure the Centre's 30-year 
tradition of providing 
impactful Aboriginal 
Leadership programs will 
continue into the future." 

For more information 
about Aboriginal Arts at 
The Banff Centre visit 


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Alberta Native News, 
on your 19th Anniversary. 

We wish you continued success! 

For more information on our forestry 
practices, please visit our website at 
or call us on our toll free number at 
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Best Wishes and Success to 
Alberta Native News 


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Edmonton, AB T5M 3S2 
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Phone: (403) 264-9141 
Fax: (403) 264-9165 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 

Home again 

by Xavier Kataquapit 

I was back home in Attawapiskat recently. The 
flight with Air Creebec was in a new Dash-8 aircraft. 
This aircraft was a big change from the noisy and rat¬ 
tling Hawker Sidley planes that I remembered from 
past trips home. This flight was quiet and happily 
uneventful except for the fact that I met so many peo¬ 
ple I had not seen for a long time. 

Luckily, I ended up sitting next to George Wesley of 
Kashechewan First Nation who is an Elder and politi¬ 
cal leader in his community and also with Nishnawbe- 
Aski Nation (NAN). He was flying home after attend¬ 
ing meetings with NAN. On our way back up north 
he told me stories of his life up the coast and he talked 
about people and places I had heard of while growing 
up in my own community. It was good to speak Cree 
with all the people I met on the flight home. 

On my arrival I was greeted by almost my entire 
family. They were surprised and happy at my last 
minute decision to head home for a holiday. The wel¬ 
come home started with a tour of the community. I 
must admit I felt as though I had never left. 

I was happy to find that Nokoom, my grandmother 
Louise, was now living with my parents. She was qui¬ 
etly knitting in her room when I arrived. Nokoom was 
equally happy to see me and stopped to show me all 
the craftwork she had accomplished in the last while. 
I was surprised to find a whole container full of the lit¬ 
tle mitts she was making. The house felt better with 
Nokoom around. 

One of my first duties was to repair some leaky tires 
on my dad's truck so that I could count on it for my 
travels through town. On my journey I visited old 

friends and all my aunts 
and uncles. It felt great 
to see everyone again 
but I was also sad at 
times to realize that 
some of the old familiar 
faces I grew up with 
were now gone. 

There were times as I 
made my way through 
familiar places, I felt 
like I had never left 
Attawapiskat. The 

tit and or 
;n the to 


was quiet I was content 
to simply sit out in the 
sun with family and 
friends and listen to my 

uncles or my cousins chatting about their lives, the 
weather and a little gossip. 

I never really realized that one of the things I missed 
most about my home was the ability to speak my lan¬ 
guage on a regular basis. It felt so good to express 
myself in my own language everywhere I went. As I 
traveled through town I took my nieces and nephews 
with me to meet some of our Elders. I spent a lot of 
my time with my nephew Philip who is a quiet and 
witty 10-year-old boy. He is big for his age but has a 
kind and gentle personality. 

We visited the local Catholic Church and sat with 
Father Vezina. I have recognized him as part of our 
church for as long as I can remember. While we were 
there we saw another sight that takes place every year 
near the church. A group of young teenagers had been 
hired by Father Vezina to cut the lawn. I never had the 

14610 Yellow' 
Edmonton, A 

We salule the Increased development of 

First Nation resource management 


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opportunity to do this while I was a teenager 
of my brothers did. I asked these boys if I could take 
a photo of them and they immediately withdrew. To 
get my photo, I made an agreement to buy them all 
cold drinks. When I came back with cold pop, they 
were all happy to take a break from the hot weather 
and cool down in the shade of the towering church. 

I met so many people and had many interesting and 
valuable conversations. One particular meeting 
lingers in my mind. The day before my departure, I 
visited the bank of the river to get a last look at the 
Attawapiskat River before leaving town. 1 mci 
Angela Metat, a local Elder and we stood on the high 
bank admiring the view of the river during low tide. 
She confided in me that this sight has always been 
comforting to her. She talked about so many memo¬ 
ries that had to do with the river. As I listened to her I 
could imagine her as a young girl coming to the bank 
in a canoe with her family in the excitement of setting 
up the summer camp. It got me thinking of my own 
memories of the river and I look forward to the next 
time I can look out from the bank to watch the waves 
roll in. 



• 50 Regular Games 

• 2 Bonanzas 

• 1 Odd/Even 

• 2 Early Birds 

Satellite Bingo played nightly at 9:00 p.rT 

3414 -118 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta 

( 780 ) 474-4670 

Saluting Alberta Native News 
outstanding vehicle of communi 
for First Nation people. 

Little Saskatchewan * $ * 

First Nation 
Health Centre 

Best wishes on your 19th Anniversary 
Alberta Native INews 



Congratulations, Alberta Native News, 
as you celebrate your 
19th Anniversary, 
from the management and staff at 


)><n< <pirim ifur< 

Raymond Sonfrere, Executive Director and staff 
Box 3054 Hay River, NT XOE 1G4 
Tel. (867) 874-8480 • Fax. (867) 874-3867 


August, 2003 Alberta Native News 

A Shaman’s 

by Jane Ash Poitras 

Of all things held sacred, bear medicine is of the 
greatest value. 

From China to Russia to North America, stories of 
bear medicine have been around since time immemo¬ 

The only animals held in comparable esteem are the 
tiger, the young antlers of the caribou (known as 
panty), and the root of the American ginseng plant. 
North American Natives have been using ginseng for 

The idea that curative effects can be derived from 
the strength of the bear, from a root, or from the vital¬ 
ity of a deer’s antlers is something which originated in 
the hunter’s world, such as that of the Athabascan 
Indians. That is why shamans of some northern Native 
tribes wear a headdress of stag’s antlers when per¬ 
forming rituals, while others model their clothing on 

The roots of the ginseng plant, which grows in the 
forests of Northern Ontario and the boreal forests of 
Canada and Alaska, bears a remarkable resemblance 
to a human being. As we have already seen, a skinned 
bear is also reminiscent of a human being, so it is evi¬ 
dent that the North American regards both plant and 
animal as possessing a soul very like that of a man. In 
fact, they speak to both of them as though they were 
addressing human beings. 

We North Americans talk to all animals, plants and 
natural phenomena, it is true, but our relationship to 
the ginseng plant and the bear is more personal, 
stronger, and more active. It is a mixture of sometimes 
genuine and sometimes feigned affection and solici¬ 
tude, respect and awe. 

The most valuable and efficacious parts of a bear 
are its head, skull and leg bones. Since a bear’s skull 
contains the most tasty part of the animal - its brains 
- and since the leg bone contains the delicious mar¬ 
row, the Indians have always from very early tim e 
sacrificed them to the Great Spirit. 

The Assiniboine Indians have a Bare Cult The Bear 
Cults are comprised of a small number of men who 
have obtained supernatural bear power through 
dreams. This power was not transferred to others, 
ceasing when a cult member died. As bears were 
revered, so too were the cult members held in awe. 

The adornment of cult members was striking. 
Except for the hair that was rolled into balls and tied 
on top to represent the bear’s ears, the top of the head 
was shaved. Their face was painted red, and vertical 
scratches were made in the wet paint by drawing the 
fingers through it to represent claw marks. A black cir 

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mouth and each eye. 
Their shirts are painted 
yellow and then perforat¬ 
ed all over with round 
diamond-shaped holes. 
Fringes were added to 
the shirt hem and sleeve 

Cult members wore a 
bear claw necklace over 
the shirt. Their knife 
handles were made 
either of wood or the 
bear’s jawbone. Their 
shields had bear symbols 
painted on the front. 
Bear men painted bears 
on their tipis, usually 
over a yellow ochre 

Bear members sang 
bear songs, but never ate 
bear meat That would be 
sacreligious, for one 
does not eat their spirit 

ceremonies. Cult mem¬ 
bers healed sick people 
with the same herbs used 
by the bears to cure their 
ills. One of these 

Alberta Native News August, 2003 


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