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Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2016 


JANUARY  1998 




I R C R A F T 


4 The  Fleet 
6 Naval  Operations 
8 Year  in  Review 
14-  CVN  77 
16  Ships 
22  LPD  17 
24  Weapons 
26  NSSN 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 

John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
AII  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff  l 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Rodney  Furry 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 
All  Hands  Art  Director 
— J©CSCary  Casola 
All  Hands Production  Staff  , 
Leroy  E.  Jewell  . 

William  E.  Beamon 
DM1  Rhea  MacKenzie  ;■ 
SN  Michael  Noeth 
All  Hands  Distribution 
Garland  Powell 


F/A-18  E/F 

50  Pay  Chart 

52  Network 
Centric  Warfare 

54  Snapshot 
of  The  Fleet 


All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002-5&77) 

(Number  969)  is  published  monthly  by  Naval  Media,..,  . , 
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Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  has 
determined  this  publication  is  necessary  in  the 

Inside  Front  Cover 

transaction  of  business  requfrldtiyiHW  'Uf 'the"1*'" 
Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for  printing  have 
been  approved  by  the  Navy  Publications  and 
Printing  Committee.  ClipArt  Images  from 
CorelDraw  5.0  were  used  to  prepare  this 

Ipn  board  the  aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68),  LT  Michael  Stone  from 
'galley  Center,  Calif.,  completes  signal  instructions  to  launch  an  F-14 
iWncat.  Nimitz  and  Carrier  Air  Wing  9 (CVW-9)  are  currently  operating  in 
thdjjArabian  Gulf  in  support  of  Operation  Southern  Watch,  enforcing  the 
U.l4  "No-Fly  Zone"  over  Southern  Iraq.  (Photo  by  PH2  James  Watson) 

Photo  by  LUG  Marc  Boyd 

“A  great  nation 
must  have  a great  Navy.  ” 

- Theodore  Roosevelt 

Geography  and  world 

events  have  conspired  to 
make  the  United  States  a 
sea  power.  Sitting  astride  two 
oceans  and  commanding  one  of 
the  world's  most  dynamic  mari- 
time economies,  it  is  inevitable 
that  America  should  count  upon  a 
strong  naval  force  to  ensure  both 
our  freedom  and  our  livelihood. 
And  for  more  than  two  centuries, 
the  U.  S.  Navy  has  delivered  on 
that  promise.  From  the  Barbary 
Coast  in  1800  to  the  shores  of 
Kuwait  in  1990;  from  the  Gulf  of 
Mexico  to  the  Persian  Gulf  — the 
Fleet  has  been  there,  protecting 
American  honor,  American  inter- 
ests and  American  lives.  It  is  s till 

In  this  era  of  "chaotic  peace," 
where  threats  to  national  security 
are  at  once  ambiguous  and  daunt- 
ing, such  forward  presence  is 
reassuring.  Even  at  this  writing, 
there  are  two  carrier  battle  groups 
poised  in  the  Persian  Gulf  to 
answer  our  nation's  call.  And  they 
are  ready. 

On  the  pages  that  follow  you'll 
get  a snapshot  of  the  Fleet  today: 
its  people,  its  ships  and  its  air- 
craft. You  will  also  journey  into 
the  future.  You'll  see  some  of  the 
new  equipment  our  Sailors  will 
train  on,  sail  in  and  fight  with. 
You'll  not  only  learn  firsthand 
who  and  what  the  Fleet  is,  you'll 
find  out  where  that  Fleet  is  head- 
ing: straight  into  the  next  century 
with  a full  head  of  steam. 


The  Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
calls  Sailors 
the  Fleet's 
weapon.  A 
team  of 
and  Reserve 
entrusted  to 
operate  the 
most  sophisticated  equipment  on 
earth,  this  team  can  project  power 
anywhere  at  virtually  a moment's 
notice  and  then  stay  there.  And  it 
is  a diverse  team  as  well,  repre- 
senting every  state,  every  faith 
and  every  face  in  America.  Sailors 

are  your  next-door  neighbors,  the 
high  school  all-star  athlete,  the 
student  council  president.  They 
are  your  schoolteachers,  pharma- 
cists and  your  dentists.  No  matter 
their  background,  no  matter  their 
hometowns,  each  one  brings 
honor,  courage  and  commitment 
to  the  task  at  hand.  No  matter 
how  different  one  may  be  from 
the  other,  they  are  all  woven 
together  by  the  common  thread  of 
duty.  They  are  Americans,  and 
their  diversity  only  makes  the 

Fleet  stronger.  Imbued  with  a 
special  trust,  these  young  men 
and  women  are  actively  engaged 
in  meaningful  work  around  the 
globe  right  now,  putting  the  skills 
and  education  they  have  received 
to  good  use.  And  they  are  ready. 



Photo  by  JOCS  Gary  Smith 

“My  goal  is  to  give  our 
people  the  tools  they 
need  to  do  what  they 
have  always  done  - 
to  go  in  harm’s  way 
and  prevail.  ” 

- Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 


Forward  presence  and  domi- 
nance of  both  the  sea  and  the 
littoral  are  simply  not  possible 
without  control  of  the  corre- 
sponding airspace.  That's  where 
naval  aviation  comes  in.  In  and  of 
itself  a unique  team  of  people, 
aircraft  and  shore  facilities,  naval 
aviation  provides  maritime  forces 
with  incredible  flexibility  and 
rapid  response.  Our  aircraft  are 
multifaceted,  capable  of  a broad 
range  of  missions  and  payloads. 
Indeed,  they  have  become  key 
elements  in  the  Navy's  ability  to 
achieve  its  operational  and  tacti- 
cal objectives.  Most  Fleet  ships 
have  the  capability  to  support  air 
operations  and  all  of  them  can  be 
serviced  by  helicopters.  The 
arsenal  of  aircraft  in  today's  Fleet 
is  absolutely  essential  to  success. 
And  it's  getting  better  all  the 

The  introduction  of  the  new 
F/A-18E/F  Super  Hornet  to  the 
Fleet  in  2000  will  provide  range/ 
payload  improvements,  surviv- 
ability enhancements,  weapon 
bring-back  improvements  and 
critical  growth  capacity,  all  of 
which  are  required  to  keep  the 
strike-fighter  force  lethal  and 
viable  well  into  the  next  century. 
Ultimately  the  single-seat  version 
of  the  Super  Hornet  will  replace 
older  versions  of  the  F/A-18,  while 
the  two-seat  F/A-18F  will  replace 

the  F-14  Tomcat.  In  any  case,  it  is 
proof  positive  that  naval  aviation 
will  continue  to  have  an  impor- 
tant stake  in  maritime  operations. 
Beyond  the  Super  Hornet,  the 
Navy  is  working  with  its  sister 
services  on  the  development  of 
the  Joint  Strike  Fighter  (JSF). 
Essentially  designed  to  comple- 
ment the  F/A-18E/F,  the  Fleet's 
version  of  the  JSF  will  be  a 
stealthy,  multi-role  strike  fighter, 
the  first  of  which  is  expected  to 
be  delivered  in  2008. 

Today,  there  are  hundreds  of 
U.S.  naval  aircraft  preparing  to 
take  off.  Some  are  stationed  at 
various  land  bases  around  the 
world,  and  some  are  unfolding 
their  wings  on  the  decks  of  our 
aircraft  carriers.  Wherever  they 
are,  wherever  they  are  going,  they 
are  in  the  hands  of  the  best  pilots, 
the  best  aircrew  and  the  best 
maintenance  personnel  in  Ameri- 
can military  history.  And  they  are 


The  Fleet  sails  the  most  power- 
ful, technologically-advanced 
warships  in  the  world.  No  other 
Navy  can  put  to  sea  with  a force 
equal  to  that  of  the  United  States. 
Our  nuclear-powered  aircraft 
carriers,  surface  combatants  and 
submarines  give  us  a distinct 
tactical  advantage  in  any  environ- 
ment against  any  threat.  And 
looming  on  the  horizon  are 
platforms  such  as  CVN  77  and 
CVX,  the  next  generation  aircraft 

carriers;  DD  21,  the  next  genera- 
tion surface  combatant;  LPD  17, 
the  gator  of  the  future;  and  New 
Attack  Submarine  — providing 
undersea  supremacy  into  the  21st 
century.  These  ships  will  be  more 
than  just  specialized  units,  they 
will  ensure  dominance  across  the 
spectrum  of  naval  warfare.  One 
hundred  years  ago,  people  gazed 
in  awe  at  a new  class  of  British 
battleships  known  as  the  Dread- 
nought. Tomorrow,  people  will 
gaze  in  awe  at  our  American 

But  power  and  technology  are 
only  part  of  the  equation.  To  be 

an  effective  tool  of  national 
policy,  a navy  must  be  ready,  on 
station  and  alert.  All  the  hard- 
ware in  the  world  won't  make  a 
difference  if  it  isn't  smartly 
employed.  As  you  read  this,  more 
than  half  of  our  Fleet  is  at  sea,  its 
readiness  assured  by  the  profes- 
sionalism and  dedication  of  its 
crews.  Our  ships  may  be  the 
Fleet's  lifeblood,  but  our  Sailors 
are  its  heart.  And  they  are  ready. 

Welcome  to  this,  the  fifth  in- 
stallment of  the  All  Hands  Own- 
er's and  Operator's  Manual. 

JANUARY  1998 


Photo  by  Gunnery  Sgt  Daniel  Mobley 

Exercise  Kernel  Blitz  ‘97 
Southern  California 
June-July  1997 

More  than  12,000  Sailors, 
Marines  and  Reservists,  24 
ships  and  a variety  of  Navy, 
Marine  Corps,  Army,  Air  Na- 
tional Guard  and  Coast  Guard 
aircraft  conducted  amphibious 
operations  along  the  California 

I Hi  m m m^m 

A sampling  of  the  U.S.  Navy’s  worldwide  presence 



Counter  Drug  Operations 
Caribbean/Western  Pacific 
July  1990  - present 

U.S.  Navy  support  provided  to 
law  enforcement  agencies 
conducting  counterdrug  opera- 
tions in  the  Western  Hemisphere. 

Exercise  UNITAS  ‘97 
Latin  America 
July-November  1997 

U.S.  Navy  and  Coast  Guard 
ships  joined  with  navies  from  1 1 
nations  that  circumnavigate 
Latin  America  and  support 
regional  stability. 

Operation  Noble  Obelisk 
Sierra  Leone 
May-June  1997 

USS  Kearsarge  (LHD  3)  and  the 
22nd  Marine  Expeditionary  Unit 
conducted  noncombatant  evacua- 
tions of  more  than  1 ,200  American 
citizens  and  designated  third- 
country  nationals  from  Sierra 


Exercise  BALTOPS  ‘97 
Baltic  Sea 
June  1997 

USS  Cape  St.  George  (CG  71), 
USS  Anzio  (CG  68)  and  USS 
Estocin  (FFG  15)  joined  47  other 
ships  from  12  European  nations 
in  the  largest  Partnership  for 
Peace  exercise  ever  conducted. 

Operation  Silver  Wake 

March-June  1997 

USS  Nassau  (LHA  4),  USS 
Pensacola  (LSD  38),  USS  Nash- 
ville (LPD  13)  and  elements  of  the 
26th  Marine  Expeditionary  Unit 
rescued  889  people,  including  400 
Americans,  from  continuing  civil 
strife  and  provided  additional 
security  to  the  Embassy  in  the 
Albanian  capital. 

Operation  Southern  Watch 
Arabian  Gulf 
August  1995  - present 

Coalition  enforcement  of  the  no- 
fly  zone  in  southern  Iraq.  Esca- 
lating tensions  in  November 
caused  USS  George  Washington 
(CVN  73)  carrier  battle  group  to 
join  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68)  in  the 

Maritime  Interception  Ops 
Arabian  Gulf 
August  1990  - present 

U.S.  Navy  ships  continue  to 
enforce  U.N.  sanctions  against 
Iraqi  imports/exports. 

Exercise  CARAT  ‘97 
Southeast  Asia 
May  1997 

Units  of  the  7th  Fleet  trained 
with  the  navies  and  marines 
from  Malaysia,  Brunei, 
Thailand  and  Singapore 
during  Cooperation  Afloat 
Readiness  and  Training  ‘97. 


Operation  Guardian  Retrieval 
May-August  1997 

USS  Kearsarge  (LHD  3)  and  ele- 
ments of  the  22nd  Marine  Expedi- 
tionary Unit  began  their  six-month 
deployment  two  weeks  early  to 
relieve  USS  Nassau  (LHA  4)  off  the 
West  African  coast. 

Exercise  Tandem  Thrust  ‘97 
March  1997 

28, 1 70  troops,  252  aircraft  and  43 
ships  from  the  U.S.  7th  Fleet  and 
Australian  Defense  Force  partici- 
pated in  carrier  battle  group  and 
amphibious  ready  group  opera- 
tions, amphibious  landings,  live  fire  | 
exercises,  ground  maneuvers  and 
parachute  landings. 

Operation  Pacific  Haven 

September  1996  - April  1997 

6,600  Kurdish  refugees  began 
their  lives  in  America  via  Opera- 
tion Pacific  Haven.  Navy  in- 
volvement included  medical  and 
dental  specialists,  Seabees,  and 
logistic  experts. 

JANUARY  1998 

Anytime,  Anywhere 

A November  21  — On  board  the  destroyer  USS  Benfold  (DDG  65) 
operating  in  the  Northern  Persian  Gulf,  GMG1  Joe  Brown,  from  Arling- 
ton, Texas,  handles  a 25mm  chain  gun  while  on  watch.  The  ship,  home 
ported  in  San  Diego,  was  deployed  with  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68)  battle 
group  under  the  U.S.  Navy’s  5th  Fleet.  Benfold  was  conducting  Multina- 
tional Maritime  Interception  Operations  as  part  of  the  U.N.  sanctions 
against  Iraq. 


-•Y>  ;-.V 

A February  15 — AOI(DV)  David 
Ahearn  attaches  an  inert  satchel  charge 
to  a training  mine  during  exercises  in 
waters  off  Naval  Base  Guantanamo  Bay, 

Y November  16  — On  board  the  nuclear-powered  aircraft  carrier  USS 
Nimitz  (CVN  68),  AC  Buccie  Cline  from  Humphrey,  Ariz.,  monitors  final 
control  positions  of  pilots  during  aircraft  recovery  operations  in  the 
North  Arabian  Gulf.  Nimitz  and  its  embarked  air  wing  were  operating  in 
the  Gulf  to  enforce  U.N.  sanctions  against  Iraq. 

< July  28  — U.S.  Navy 
SEALs  exit  a CH-53E  Sea 
Stallion  during  a training 
exercise  in  Bosnia. 

JANUARY  1998 

Photo  by  PHC  John  E.  Gay 

A January  18  — The  U.S.  Navy's  newest  Strike 
Fighter,  the  F/A-18E/F  Super  Hornet,  makes  a final 
approach  to  the  flight  deck  of  the  aircraft  carrier  USS 
John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74),  during  the  aircraft's  initial 
sea  trials. 


Photo  by  PH2  Robert  Catalano 

< August  3 — Personnel  man  the  underway  main  control  watch  aboard 
the  Navy’s  newest  nuclear-powered  submarine  USS  Seawolf( SSN  21). 
Seawolf  uses  the  latest  technology  in  submarine  warfare  making  it  the 
fastest,  most  versatile  submarine  in  the  U.S.  undersea  arsenal.  The  boat 
was  commissioned  July  19,  1997. 

< November  23  — The  aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68)  (bottom) 
comes  alongside  the  carrier  USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73)  in  the 
Arabian  Gulf.  With  both  carriers  and  their  embarked  air  wings  in  the  region, 
the  United  States  had  approximately  100  strike  aircraft  operating  indepen- 
dently in  the  waters  of  the  Arabian  Gulf. 

< May  30  — A child 
clings  to  a U.S.  Navy 
Sailor  after  a frightening 
first  ride  in  a helicopter. 
She  was  among  the  first 
of  200  children  evacuated 
to  the  Amphibious  Assault 
Ship  USS  Kearsarge 
(LHD  3)  from  Freetown, 
Sierra  Leone,  during 
operation  Noble  Obelisk. 

< August  6,  Guam  — 
U.S.  Navy,  Air  Force, 
Coast  Guard  and  civilian 
rescuers  remove  a 
survivor  from  the  wreck- 
age of  Korean  Airlines 
Flight  801. 

JANUARY  1998 

A July  20  — USS  Constitution,  “Old  Iron- 
sides” is  framed  by  a life  ring  aboard  the 
destroyer  USS  Ramage  (DDG  61).  Ramage 
provided  escort  for  the  Navy’s  oldest  commis- 
sioned war  ship  while  tugs  aided  in  her  transit 
to  Marblehead,  Mass.  Commissioned  Oct.  21 , 
1797,  Old  Ironsides  set  sail  unassisted  July  21 
for  the  first  time  in  1 1 6 years. 

A March  23,  San  Diego  — U.S.  Navy  and  Chinese 
Sailors  compare  uniform  insignias  on  board  the  frigate 
USS  Rentz  (FFG  46).  This  marks  the  first  time  Chinese 
warships  have  crossed  the  Pacific  and  visited  the 
continental  United  States. 


V June  29  — On  board  the  nuclear-pow- 
ered aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68) 
in  the  Eastern  Pacific  Ocean,  AS3  Susana 
Lomeli,  of  Pomona,  Calif.,  performs  a 
quick  engine  change  on  an  AS32-21  tow 

V November  16 — The  Ticonderoga- class 
cruiser  USS  Normandy  (CG  60)  (front),  the 
nuclear-powered,  fast-attack  submarine  USS 
Annapolis  (SSN  760)  (center)  and  the  fast 
combat  support  ship  USS  Seattle  (AOE  3) 
transited  the  Suez  Canal.  All  three  U.S.  ships 
were  part  of  USS  George  Washington’s  (CVN 
73)  battle  group  which  joined  USS  Nimitz’s 
battle  group  already  on  station.  Both  will  en- 
force U.N.  sanctions  against  Iraq  by  patrolling 
the  No-Fly  Zone  under  Operation  Southern 

< November  27  — ET3  Class  David 
Fox  (left)  from  Ukiah,  Calif.,  and  IC2 
Jefferson  Richardson  from  Knoxville, 
Tenn.,  enjoy  a traditional  Thanksgiving 
dinner  on  board  the  aircraft  carrier  USS 
Nimitz  (CVN  68).  Nimitz  and  its  air  wing 
were  deployed  to  the  Arabian  Gulf  in 
support  of  U.N.  sanctions  against  Iraq 
under  Operation  Southern  Watch. 

JANUARY  1998 


Photo  by  PHAN  Jason  Dent 

CVN  77  is  one  of  the 

platforms  where  the  latest  automation 
and  technologies  for  design,  manufactur- 
ing and  support  of  aircraft  carriers  are  being 
integrated.  Several  concepts,  such  as  the  one 
depicted  here,  are  being  considered.  Here's  a 
bird's-eye  view  of  some  of  the  key  areas: 

Concept  of  Operations  (CONOPS)  — Ensures 
total  combat  effectiveness,  flight  deck  sortie  rate 
and  Joint  Task  Force  (JTF)  operation  require- 

Systems  Engineering  — Provides  a strategy- 
to-task-to-technology  approach  to  integrate  total 
ship  systems'  engineering  processes. 

Life  Cycle  Cost  (LCC)  — Investigates  all 
aspects  of  platform  costs  to  ensuring  best  value  in 
true  construction  through  maintenance  costs. 

Automation  — Increases  manning  efficiency 
and  safety  while  reducing  life  cycle  costs  and 
modernizing  the  Fleet. 

Combat  Systems  — Has  new  technologies  and 
integrates  ship  and  aircraft  systems  necessary  for 
naval  ships  of  the  future. 

Network  Centric  Warfare  — Inserts  informa- 
tion technology  shipwide  and  ensures  complete 
joint  interoperablility  needs  are  met. 

Aircraft  Launch  and  Recovery  Equipment 
(ALRE)  — Investigates  new  technologies  as  they 
apply  to  the  launch  and  recovery  of  aircraft. 

Propulsion  — Incorporates  ship  plant  tech- 
nologies with  the  latest  innovation  in  perfor- 
mance, weight,  volume  and  power  generation. 

Signatures  — Concentrates  on  signature 
reduction  design  of  the  superstructure,  hull  and 
the  island  house. 

Innovative  ideas  are  being  incorporated 
from  the  start  in  the  design  of  CVN  77. 

Manpower  Reductions 
Technology  insertion,  space 
rearrangement,  operational 
procedural  changes,  ad- 
vanced sensor  technologies, 
and  condition-based  mainte- 
nance systems  all  allow  for  a 
smaller,  specially  trained 

Passive  Jet  Blast 
Redesigns  and  new 
materials  mean 
reduced  mainte- 
nance cost. 

Commercialization  — Monitors  the  market- 

place for  the  best  commercial  products,  commer- 
cial-off-the-shelf (COTS)  conversion  and  construc- 
tion techniques. 

Artwork  for  this  page  and  the  front  cover  were  provided 
by  Newport  News  Shipbuilding. 


Expanded  Bandwidth 
More  onboard  and 
offboard  capability 
the  shif 

Zonal  Electrical 
Distribution  Systems 
Isolate  the  potential  for 
problems  and  minimize 
the  effect  on  the  rest  of 


Hot  link 

To  learn  more  about  CVN  77 
check  out  this  web  site: 

Signature  Reduction 
Curved  flight  deck  edges, 
enclosed  antenna  farms, 
smaller  islands  and  inter- 
nal aircraft  elevators  add 
up  to  maximum  stealth. 

Island  Designs 
Improve  flight  deck  access  and 
reduce  signature  and  electronic 

CVN  77  will  incorporate  cost  savings  and  auto- 
mation, as  well  as  stealth,  perhaps  in  a more 
traditional  single  island  design. 

Hangar  Bay 
New  designs 
reduce  clutter. 

Aircraft  Pit  Stop 
refueling  and  servicing 
in  a new  configuration 
and  deck  location 
provides  faster,  more 
efficient  airwing  pit 
stops  and  requires 
fewer  people. 

Parts  Standardization 

and  Reduction 

The  simpler  the  better. 

Reconfigurable  Spaces 
Life-of-the-ship  modular 
construction  designs  pro- 
vide flexibility  and  reduce 

A more  revolutionary  design  approach 
to  CVN  77  would  split  aircraft  and  ship 
operation  functions  between  two 
islands,  incorporate  a “pit  stop”  for 
aircraft  and  rearrange  elevator 

and  components  will  reduce 

Automation  Insertion 
Material  movement  devices, 
semi-autonomous,  gravity 
compensated  weapons 
handling  devices,  damage 
control  automation  systems 

Navy  Ships 

Aircraft  Carriers 

The  aircraft  carrier  continues  to  be  the  cen- 
terpiece of  the  forces  necessary  for  forward 
presence.  Whenever  there  has  been  a cri- 
sis, the  first  question  has  been:  “Where  are 
the  carriers?”  Carriers  support  and  operate 
aircraft  that  engage  in  attacks  on  airborne, 
afloat  and  ashore  targets  that  threaten  free 
use  of  the  sea.  They  can  respond  to  global 
crises  in  ways  ranging  from  peacetime  pres- 
ence to  full  scale  war.  Together  with  their 
on  board  air  wings,  the  carriers  have  vital 
roles  across  the  full  spectrum  of  conflict. 


USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68) 

USS  Dwight  D.  Eisenhower  (CVN  69) 
USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN  70) 

USS  Theodore  Roosevelt  (CVN  71) 
USS  Abraham  Lincoln  (CVN  72) 

USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73) 
USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74) 

PCU  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75) 

John  F.  Kennedy- class 

USS  John  F.  Kennedy  (CV  67) 



USS  Enterprise  (CVN  65) 

Kitty  Hawk-class 

USS  Kitty  Hawk  (CV  63) 
USS  Constellation  (CV  64) 

Forrestal-  class 

USS  Independence  (CV  62) 


Guided-missile  frigates  (FFG)  bring  an 
anti-air  warfare  (AW)  capability  to  the  ta- 
ble. Designed  as  cost-efficient  surface 
combatants,  the  FFG  7 class  is  a robust 
platform,  capable  of  withstanding  consid- 
erable damage. 


Number  of  daily  e-mail  §■£:*;  - 

messages  being  sent  by  ^IcSSSl 

USS  Nimitz  crewmembers  during 
current  deployment  to  the  Persian  Gulf. 


Modern  U.S.  Navy  guided-missile  cruisers 
perform  primarily  in  a battle  force  role.  These 
ships  are  multi-mission  (anti-air,  anti- 
surface, anti-submarine)  surface  combat- 
ants capable  of  supporting  carrier  battle 
groups,  amphibious  forces  or  of  operating 
independently  and  as  flagships  of  surface 
action  groups.  i 


Ticonderoga- class 

USS  Ticonderoga  (CG  47) 

USS  Yorktown  (CG  48) 

USS  Vincennes  (CG  49) 

USS  Valley  Forge  (CG  50) 

USS  Thomas  S.  Gates  (CG  51) 
USS  Bunker  Hill  (CG  52) 

USS  Mobile  Bay  (CG  53) 

USS  Antietam  (CG  54) 

USS  Leyte  Gulf  (CG  55) 

USS  San  Jacinto  (CG  56) 

USS  Lake  Champlain  (CG  57) 
USS  Philippine  Sea  (CG  58) 

USS  Princeton  (CG  59) 

USS  Normandy  (CG  60) 

USS  Monterey  (CG  61) 

USS  Chancellorsville  (CG  62) 
USS  Cowpens  (CG  63) 

USS  Gettysburg  (CG  64) 

USS  Chosin  (CG  65) 

USS  Hue  City  (CG  66) 

USS  Shiloh  (CG  67) 

USS  Anzio  (CG  68) 

USS  Vicksburg  (CG  69) 

USS  Lake  Erie  (CG  70) 

USS  Cape  St.  George  (CG  71) 
USS  Vella  Gulf  (CG  72) 

USS  Port  Royal  (CG  73) 

California- class 

USS  California  (CGN  36) 

USS  South  Carolina  (CGN  37) 

Oliver  Hazard  Perry- class 

USS  Mclnerney  (FFG  8) 

USS  Wadsworth  (FFG  9) 

USS  Clark  (FFG  11) 

USS  George  Philip  (FFG  12) 

USS  Samuel  Eliot  Morison  (FFG  13) 
USS  Sides  (FFG  14) 

USS  Estocin  (FFG  15) 

USS  John  A.  Moore  (FFG  19) 

USS  Fahrion  (FFG  22) 

USS  Lewis  B.  Puller  (FFG  23) 

USS  Boone  (FFG  28) 

USS  Stephen  W.  Groves  (FFG  29) 
USS  Reid  (FFG  30) 

USS  Stark  (FFG  31) 

USS  John  L Hall  (FFG  32) 

USS  Jarrett  (FFG  33) 

USS  Aubrey  Fitch  (FFG  34) 

USS  Underwood  (FFG  36) 

USS  Crommelin  (FFG  37) 

USS  Curts  (FFG  38) 

USS  Doyle  (FFG  39) 

USS  Halyburton  (FFG  40) 

USS  McClusky  (FFG  41) 

USS  Klakring  (FFG  42) 

USS  Thach  (FFG  43) 

USS  Dewert  (FFG  45) 

USS  Rentz  (FFG  46) 

USS  Nicholas  (FFG  47) 

USS  Vandegrift  (FFG  48) 

USS  Bradley  (FFG  49) 

USS  Taylor  (FFG  50) 

USS  Gary  (FFG  51) 

USS  Carr  (FFG  52) 

USS  Hawes  (FFG  53) 

USS  Ford  (FFG  54) 

USS  Elrod  (FFG  55) 

USS  Simpson  (FFG  56) 

USS  Reuben  James  (FFG  57) 
USS  Samuel  B.  Roberts  (FFG  58) 
USS  Kauffman  (FFG  59) 

USS  Rodney  M.  Davis  (FFG  60) 
USS  Ingraham  (FFG  61) 




Destroyers  and  guided-missile  destroyers 
operate  in  support  of  carrier  battle  groups, 
surface  action  groups,  amphibious  groups 
and  replenishment  groups.  Destroyers 
primarily  perform  anti-submarine  warfare 
duty  while  guided-missile  destroyers  are 
multi-mission  (anti-submarine,  anti-air  and 
anti-surface  warfare)  surface  combatants. 

Arleigh  Burke- class 

USS  Arleigh  Burke  (DDG  51) 
USS  Barry  (DDG  52) 

USS  John  Paul  Jones  (DDG  53) 
USS  Curtis  Wilbur  (DDG  54) 
USS  Stout  (DDG  55) 

USS  John  S.  McCain  (DDG  56) 
USS  Mitscher  (DDG  57) 

USS  Laboon  (DDG  58) 

USS  Russell  (DDG  59) 

USS  Paul  Hamilton  (DDG  60) 
USS  Ramage  (DDG  61) 

USS  Fitzgerald  (DDG  62) 

USS  Stethem  (DDG  63) 

USS  Carney  (DDG  64) 

USS  Benfold  (DDG  65) 

USS  Gonzalez  (DDG  66) 

USS  Cole  (DDG  67) 

USS  The  Sullivans  (DDG  68) 
USS  MiHus  (DDG  69) 

USS  Hopper  (DDG  70) 

USS  Ross  (DDG  71) 

Under  Construction 
Mahan  (DDG  72) 

Decatur  (DDG  73) 

McFaul  (DDG  74) 

Donald  Cook  (DDG  75) 

Higgins  (DDG  76) 

O’Kane  (DDG  77) 

Porter  (DDG  78) 

Oscar  Austin  (DDG  79) 
Roosevelt  (DDG  80) 

Winston  Churchill  (DDG  81) 

Kidd-  class 

USS  Kidd  (DDG  993) 

USS  Callaghan  (DDG  994) 

USS  Scott  (DDG  995) 

USS  Chandler  (DDG  996) 

• ^1  I 

Spruance-  class 

USS  Spruance  (DD  963) 

USS  Paul  F.  Foster  (DD  964) 
USS  Kinkaid  (DD  965) 

USS  Hewitt  (DD  966) 

USS  Elliot  (DD  967) 

USS  Arthur  W.  Radford  (DD  968) 
USS  Peterson  (DD  969) 

USS  Caron  (DD  970) 

USS  David  R.  Ray  (DD  971) 

USS  Oldendorf  (DD  972) 

USS  John  Young  (DD  973) 

USS  Comte  De  Grasse  (DD  974) 
USS  O'Brien  (DD  975) 

USS  Merrill  (DD  976) 

USS  Briscoe  (DD  977) 

USS  Stump  (DD  978) 

USS  Conolly  (DD  979) 

USS  Moosbrugger  (DD  980) 

USS  John  Hancock  (DD  981) 
USS  Nicholson  (DD  982) 

USS  John  Rodgers  (DD  983) 
USS  Leftwich  (DD  984) 

USS  Cushing  (DD  985) 

USS  Harry  W.  Hill  (DD  986) 

USS  O' Ban  non  (DD  987) 

USS  Thorn  (DD  988) 

USS  Deyo  (DD  989) 

USS  Ingersoll  (DD  990) 

USS  Fife  (DD  991) 

USS  Fletcher  (DD  992) 

USS  Hayler  (DD  997) 

Amphibious  Warfare 

Modern  U.S.  Navy  amphibious  assault 
ships  are  called  upon  to  perform  as  pri- 
mary landing  ships  for  assault  operations 
of  Marine  expeditionary  units.  In  a sec- 
ondary role,  using  AV-8B  Harrier  aircraft 
and  anti-submarine  warfare  helicopters, 
these  ships  perform  sea  control  and  limit- 
ed power  projection  missions. 

Assault  Ships 

Transport  and  land  assault  forces  ashore  by  use 
of  Landing  Craft  Air  Cushion  (LCAC),  conventional 
landing  craft,  and  helicopters. 


USS  Wasp  (LHD  1) 

USS  Essex  (LHD  2) 

USS  Kearsarge  (LHD  3) 

USS  Boxer  (LHD  4) 

USS  Bataan  (LHD  5) 



Bon  Homme  Richard  (LHD  6) 

Tarawa- class 

USS  Tarawa  (LHA  1) 

USS  Saipan  (LHA  2) 

USS  Belleau  Wood  (LHA  3) 
USS  Nassau  (LHA  4) 

USS  Peleliu  (LHA  5) 

Iwo  Jima- class 

USS  Guam  (LPH  9) 

USS  New  Orleans  (LPH  11) 

JANUARY  1998 


U.S.  Navy  Photo 

Navy  Ships 

Amphibious  Command 

Command  ships  provide  communications 
and  accommodations  for  fleet  commanders  and 
staff.  Ships  are  equipped  with  air  and  surface 
radars,  helicopters,  chaff  launchers  an  electron- 
ic warfare  suite  and  helicopters  capabilities. 
These  ships  were  converted  from  amphibious 
warfare  ships  for  employment  as  command 

Blue  Ridge- class 

USS  Blue  Ridge  (LCC  19) 

USS  Mount  Whitney  (LCC  20) 

LaSalle  & Coronado- class 

USS  La  Salle  (AGF  3) 
USS  Coronado  (AGF  11) 

Amphibious  Transport  Dock 

Amphibious  transport  dock  ships  are  used  to 
transport  and  land  Marines,  their  equipment  and 
supplies  by  embarked  landing  craft  or  amphibi- 
ous vehicles  augmented  by  helicopters  in 
amphibious  assault. 


USS  Austin  (LPD  4) 

USS  Ogden  (LPD  5) 

USS  Duluth  (LPD  6) 

USS  Cleveland  (LPD  7) 

USS  Dubuque  (LPD  8) 

USS  Denver  (LPD  9) 

USS  Juneau  (LPD  10) 

USS  Shreveport  (LPD  12) 

USS  Nashville  (LPD  13) 

Under  Construction 

San  Antonio  (LPD  17)  amphibious  transport 
dock  ship. 

Dock  Landing 

Support  amphibious  operations  on  a hostile 
shore  via  Landing  Craft  Air  Cushion  (LCAC), 
conventional  landing  craft  and  helicopters. 

Harpers  Ferry-class 

USS  Harpers  Ferry  (LSD  49) 

USS  Carter  Hall  (LSD  50) 

USS  Oak  Hill  (LSD  51) 

Under  Construction 

Pearl  Harbor  (LSD  52) 

Whidbey  Island- class 

USS  Whidbey  Island  (LSD  41) 
USS  Germantown  (LSD  42) 

USS  Fort  McHenry  (LSD  43) 

USS  Gunston  Hall  (LSD  44) 

USS  Comstock  (LSD  45) 

USS  Tortuga  (LSD  46) 

USS  Rushmore  (LSD  47) 

USS  Ashland  (LSD  48) 

Anchorage-  class 

USS  Anchorage  (LSD  36) 
USS  Portland  (LSD  37) 

USS  Pensacola  (LSD  38) 
USS  Mount  Vernon  (LSD  39) 
USS  Fort  Fisher  (LSD  40) 

Tank  Landing 

Tank  landing  ships  (LST)  are  used  to  transport 
and  land  tanks,  amphibious  vehicles  and  other 
rolling  stock  in  amphibious  assault.The  two 
ships  of  this  class,  now  assigned  to  the  Naval 
Reserve  Forces,  are  the  only  of  this  20-ship 
class  of  LSTs  remaining  in  the  fleet. 


USS  Frederick  (LST  1184) 

USS  La  Moure  County  (LST  1194) 

Attack  Submarines 

Attack  submarines  are  designed  to  seek 
and  destroy  enemy  submarines  and  sur- 
face ships.  Their  other  missions  range  from 
intelligence  collection  and  special  forces 
delivery  to  antiship  and  strike  warfare.  It  is 
a multimission  vessel,  capable  of  deploy- 
ing to  forward  ocean  areas  to  search  out 
and  destroy  enemy  submarines  and  sur- 
face ships  and  to  fire  missiles  in  support  of 
other  forces. 

Seawolf-  class 

USS  Seawolf  (SSN  21) 

Under  Construction 

Los  Angeles- class 

USS  Los  Angeles  (SSN  688) 
USS  Philadelphia  (SSN  690) 
USS  Memphis  (SSN  691) 

USS  Indianapolis  (SSN  697) 

USS  Bremerton  (SSN  698) 

USS  Jacksonville  (SSN  699) 

USS  Dallas  (SSN  700) 

USS  La  Jolla  (SSN  701) 

USS  Phoenix  (SSN  702) 

USS  Boston  (SSN  703) 

USS  Baltimore  (SSN  704) 

USS  City  of  Corpus  Christi  (SSN  705) 
USS  Albuquerque  (SSN  706) 

USS  Portsmouth  (SSN  707) 

USS  Minneapolis  St.  Paul  (SSN  708) 
USS  Hyman  G.  Rickover  (SSN  709) 
USS  Augusta  (SSN  710) 

USS  San  Francisco  (SSN  711) 

USS  Atlanta  (SSN  712) 

USS  Houston  (SSN  713) 

USS  Norfolk  (SSN  714) 

USS  Buffalo  ( SSN  715) 

USS  Salt  Lake  City  (SSN  716) 

USS  Olympia  (SSN  717) 

USS  Honolulu  (SSN  718) 

USS  Providence  (SSN  719) 

USS  Pittsburgh  (SSN  720) 

USS  Chicago  (SSN  721) 

USS  Key  West  (SSN  722) 

USS  Oklahoma  City  (SSN  723) 

USS  Louisville  (SSN  724) 

USS  Helena  (SSN  725) 

USS  Newport  News  (SSN  750) 

USS  San  Juan  (SSN  751) 

USS  Pasadena  (SSN  752) 

USS  Albany  (SSN  753) 



USS  Topeka  (SSN  754) 

USS  Miami  (SSN  755) 

USS  Scranton  (SSN  756) 

USS  Alexandria  (SSN  757) 
USS  Asheville  (SSN  758) 

USS  Jefferson  City  (SSN  759) 
USS  Annapolis  (SSN  760) 
USS  Springfield  (SSN  761) 
USS  Columbus  (SSN  762) 
USS  Santa  Fe  (SSN  763) 

USS  Boise  (SSN  764) 

USS  Monpelier  (SSN  765) 
USS  Charlotte  (SSN  766) 

USS  Hampton  (SSN  767) 

USS  Hartford  (SSN  768) 

USS  Toledo  (SSN  769) 

USS  Tucson  (SSN  770) 

USS  Columbia  (SSN  771) 

USS  Greeneville  (SSN  772) 
USS  Cheyenne  (SSN  773) 


USS  Narwhal  (SSN  671) 

Sturgeon- class 

USS  Fogy  (SSN  647) 

USS  Sand  Lance  (SSN  660) 

USS  Hawkbill  (SSN  666) 

USS  Pintado  (SSN  672) 

USS  Trepang  (SSN  674) 

USS  Billfish  (SSN  676) 

USS  Archerfish  (SSN  678) 

USS  William  H.  Bates  (SSN  680) 
USS  Batfish  (SSN  681) 

USS  Tunny  (SSN  682) 

USS  Parche  (SSN  683) 

USS  Cavalla  (SSN  684) 

USS  L.  Mendel  Rivers  (SSN  686) 

Benjamin  Franklin-c\ass 

USS  Kamehameha  (SSN  642) 
USS  James  K.  Polk  (SSN  645) 

Ballistic  Missile 

Among  the  Navy’s  highest  priority 
programs,  ballistic  missile  submarines 
are  the  cornerstone  of  the  national  securi- 
ty policy,  functioning  as  the  most  survivable 
and  enduring  leg  of  the  strategic 
deterrent  triad. 


USS  Ohio  (SSBN  726) 

USS  Michigan  (SSBN  727) 

USS  Florida  (SSBN  728) 

USS  Georgia  (SSBN  729) 

USS  Henry  M.Jackson  (SSBN  730) 

USS  Alabama  (SSBN  731) 

USS  Alaska  (SSBN  732) 

USS  Nevada  (SSBN  733) 

USS  Tennessee,  (SSBN  734) 

USS  Pennsylvania  (SSBN  735) 

USS  West  Virginia  (SSBN  736) 

USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737) 

USS  Maryland  (SSBN  738) 

USS  Nebraska  (SSBN  739) 

USS  Rhode  Island  (SSBN  740) 

USS  Maine  (SSBN  741) 

USS  Wyoming  (SSBN  742) 

USS  Louisiana  (SSBN  743) 


Submarine  tenders  are  the  largest  of  the 
active  auxiliaries.  Their  crews  are  made  up 
mostly  of  technicians  and  repair  personnel. 
The  L.  Y.  Spear- class  is  designed  and  fitted 
to  accommodate  attack  submarines  and  can 
service  up  to  four  submarines  moored 
alongside  simultaneously.  The  Simon  Lake- 
class  is  configured  especially  to  service 
ballistic  missile  submarines. 

L.Y.  Spear- class 

USS  Emory  S.  Land  (AS  39) 
USS  Frank  Cable  (AS  40) 
CSS  McKee  (AS  41) 

Simon  Lake- class 

USS  Simon  Lake  (AS  33) 

Mine  Warfare  Ships 

In  the  early  1980s,  the  Navy  began  devel- 
oping a new  mine  countermeasures  (MCM) 
force  that  included  two  new  classes  of  ships 
and  minesweeping  helicopters. 

Inchon-  class 

USS  Inchon  (MCS  12) 

Mine  Countermeasures 

USS  Inchon  was  converted  to  a command  and 
control  ship  to  support  an  embarked  composite 
helicopter  squadron  of  eight  CH-53E  and  two 
SAR/spotter  helicopters,  and  provide  alongside 
support  and  services  for  up  to  four  MCM/MHC 


USS  Avenger  (MCM  1) 
USS  Defender  (MCM  2) 
USS  Sentry  (MCM  3) 
USS  Champion  (MCM  4) 
USS  Guardian  (MCM  5) 
USS  Devastator  (MCM  6) 
USS  Patriot  (MCM  7) 
USS  Scout  (MCM  8) 

USS  Pioneer  (MCM  9) 
USS  Warrior  (MCM  10) 
USS  Gladiator  (MCM  11) 
USS  Ardent  (MCM  12) 
USS  Dextrous  (MCM  13) 
USS  Chief  (MCM  14) 

Minehunters  Coastal 

Osprey-class  (MHC  51)ships  are  mine 
hunter-killers  capable  of  finding,  classifying  and 
destroying  moored  and  bottom  mines. 


USS  Osprey  (MHC  51) 

USS  Heron  (MHC  52) 

USS  Pelican  (MHC  53) 

USS  Robin  (MHC  54) 

USS  Oriole  (MHC  55) 

USS  Kingfisher  (MHC  56) 

USS  Cormorant  (MHC  57) 

USS  Black  Hawk  (MHC  58) 

USS  Falcon  (MHC  59) 

USS  Cardinal  (MHC  60) 

Under  Construction 

Raven  (MHC  61) 

Shrike  (MHC  62) 

JANUARY  1998 


Photo  by  PH2  Michael  Degner 

Navy  Ships 

Coastal  Patrol 

Primarily  provides  coastal  protection  and 
interdiction.  Also  provides  Naval  Special 
Warfare  Support,  including  long-range 
SEAL  insertion/extraction  and  tactical 
swimmer  operations. 

Cyclone-  class 

USS  Cyclone  (PC  1) 

USS  Tempest  (PC  2) 

USS  Hurricane  (PC  3) 
USS  Monsoon  (PC  4) 

USS  Typhoon  (PC  5) 

USS  Sirocco  (PC  6) 

USS  Squall  (PC  7) 

USS  Zephyr  (PC  8) 

USS  Chinook  (PC  9) 

USS  Firebolt  (PC  10) 

USS  Whirlwind  ( PC  11) 
USS  Thunderbolt  (PC  12) 
USS  Shamal  (PC  13) 

Landing  Craft  Air 
Cushion  (LCAC) 

Transporting  weapons  systems,  equip- 
ment, cargo,  and  personnel  of  the  as- 
sault elements  of  the  Marine  Air/Ground 
Task  Force  from  both  ship  to  shore  and 
across  the  beach,  the  landing  craft  air 
cushion  (LCAC)  is  a high-speed,  over- 
the-beach  fully-amphibious  landing  craft 
capable  of  carrying  a 60-  to  75-ton  pay- 
load.  The  advantages  of  air-cushion 
landing  craft  are  numerous  and  they  can 
carry  heavy  payloads,  such  as  an  M-1 
tank,  at  high  speeds. 

Fleet  Support  Ships 

Provide  repair,  salvage  and  a variety  of  other 
types  of  support  to  the  combatant  fleet. 

Rescue,  Salvage  & Towing 

The  mission  of  the  rescue  and  salvage  ships 
is  four-fold:  debeach  stranded  vessels,  heavy 

Total  square  footage  of  the  six  sails  . 
used  to  power  USS  Constitution  w/y 
21  July  1997.  The  sails  wll 

generated  169.88  horsepower —A 

or  about  the  same  amount  pN/™ 

lift  capability  from  ocean  depths,  towing  of  oth- 
er vessels  and  manned  diving  operations.  For 
rescue  missions,  these  ships  are  equipped  with 
fire  monitors  forward  and  amidships  which  can 
deliver  either  firefighting  foam  or  sea  water. 

Sacramento-  class 

USS  Sacramento  (AOE  1) 

USS  Camden  (AOE  2) 

USS  Seattle  (AOE  3) 

USS  Detroit  (AOE  40) 

Safeguard-  class 

USS  Safeguard  (ARS  50) 

USS  Grasp  (ARS  51) 

USS  Salvor  (ARS  52) 

USS  Grapple  (ARS  53) 

Mobile  Combat 
Logistics  Force 

Provide  fuel,  provisions  and  ammunition  to 
combatant  ships  at  sea  via  underway  and 
vertical  replenishment.  These  ships  are  an 
integral  part  of  carrier  battle  groups  as  fuel, 
ammunition  and  stores  reservoirs. 

Fast  Combat  Support 

The  fast  combat  support  ship  (AOE)  is  the 
Navy's  largest  combat  logistics  ship.  The  AOE 
has  the  speed  and  armament  to  keep  up  with 
the  carrier  battle  groups. 

Sacramento  & Supply- classes 

Supply- class 

USS  Supply  (AOE  6) 

USS  Rainer  (AOE  7) 

USS  Arctic  (AOE  8) 

Fleet  Oiler 

Transport  bulk  petroleum  and  lubricants  from  de- 
pots to  underway  battle  group  station  ships,  as 
well  as  combatants  and  support  forces  by  along- 
side and  vertical  replenishment. 

Cimarron- class 

USS  Cimarron  (AO  177) 

USS  Monongahela  (AO  178) 

USS  Merrimack  (AO  179) 

USS  Willamette  (AO  180) 

USS  Platte  (AO  186) 


Ammunition  ships  keep  the  fleet  supplied  with 
ammunition  and  ordnance,  independently  or 
with  other  combat  logistic  ships.  Ammunition  is 
delivered  by  slings  on  ship-to-ship  cables  and 
by  helicopters. 

Kilauea- class 

USS  Santa  Barbara  (AE  28) 
USS  Mount  Hood  (AE  29) 

Under  Construction 

Bridge  (AOE  10) 



PH3  Chris  Vickers 

Photo  by  J02  Todd  Stevens 

Military  Sealift 

The  Military  Sealift  Command  (MSC) 
maintains  a fleet  of  ships  which  provides  a 
variety  of  unique  support  missions  to  the 
fleet  and  other  military  services.  These  ships 
are  primarily  crewed  by  civilians  with  a con- 
tingent of  U.S.  Navy  personnel. 

Missile  Range  Instrumentation 

USNS  Observation  Island  operates  worldwide, 
monitoring  foreign  missile  tests  for  the  Air  Force 
Intelligence  command.  This  ship  carries  the  Air 
Force’s  Cobra  Judy  phased-array  radar. 

USNS  Observation  Island  (T-AGM  23) 


Ammunition  ships  keep  the  fleet  supplied 
with  ammunition  and  ordnance,  independently 
or  with  other  combat  logistic  ships.  Ammunition 
is  delivered  by  slings  on  ship-to-ship  cables,  and 
by  helicopters. 


USNS  Kilauea  (T-AE  26) 
USNS  Butte  (T-AE  27) 

USNS  Flint  (T-AE  32) 

USNS  Shasta  (T-AE  33) 
USNS  Mount  Baker  (T-AE  34) 
USNS  Kiska  (T-AE  35) 

Combat  Stores 

Combat  Stores  Ships  are  capable  of  underway 
replenishment  using  tensioned  cargo  rigs  and 
UH-46  Sea  Knight  helicopters.  Combat  Stores 
Ships  carry  refrigerated  stores,  dry  provisions, 
technical  spares,  general  stores,  fleet  freight  and 

Mars- class 

USNS  Mars  (T-AFS  1) 

USNS  Niagara  Falls  (T-AFS  3) 
USNS  Concord  (T-AFS  5) 
USNS  San  Diego  (T-AFS  6) 
USNS  San  Jose  (T-AFS  7) 
USNS  Sirius  (T-AFS  8) 

USNS  Spica  (T-AFS  9) 

USNS  Saturn  (T-AFS  10) 

Hospital  Ships 

The  hospital  ships  (T-AFI)  provide  emergency, 
on-site  surgical  and  medical  care  to  U.S.  de- 
ployed forces  in  wartime  or  a contingency.  The 
two  hospital  ships  are  part  of  the  Military  Sealift 
Command’s  Strategic  Sealift  Force.  Each  ship 
contains  1,000  hospital  beds,  12  operating 
rooms,  radiological  services,  medical  laborato- 
ries, an  optometry  lab,  a pharmacy  and  two  oxy- 
gen producing  plants. 


USNS  Mercy  (T-AH  19) 

USNS  Comfort  (T-AH  20) 

Cable  Repair 

The  Cable  Repair  Ship  performs  maintenance 
on  the  Sound  Surveillance  System  (SOSUS),  a 
network  of  strategically  placed  sonar  sensors  that 
provide  early  warning  of  submarines. 

USNS  Zeus  (T-ARC  7) 

Fast  Sealift 

Fast  Sealift  Ships  feature  a roll-on/roll-off 
(RO/RO)  capability,  specializing  in  the  transport 
of  wheeled  or  tracked  vehicles.  Stern  ramps  al- 
low quick  discharge  of  vehicles  to  a pier  or  dock. 


USNS  Algol  (T-AKR  287) 
USNS  Bellatrix  (T-AKR  288) 
USNS  Denebola  (T-AKR  289) 
USNS  Pollux  (T-AKR  290) 
USNS  Altair  (T-AKR  291) 
USNS  Regulus  (T-AKR  292) 
USNS  Capella  (T-AKR  293) 
USNS  Antares  (T-AKR  294) 
USNS  Shughart  (T-AKR  295) 
USNS  Gordon  (T-AKR  296) 
USNS  Yano  (T-AKR  297) 
USNS  Gillilland  (T-AKR  298) 

Oceanographic  Ships 

Designed  specifically  for  oceanographic 
survey  operations  for  the  U.S.  Navy.  These  ships 
operate  under  the  control  of  the  Oceanographer 
of  the  Navy  and  technical  control  is  provided  by 
the  Naval  Oceanographic  Office.  These  ships 
have  precision  control  and  maneuverability  op- 
tions, including  bow  propulsion  units,  which  also 
can  be  used  for  station  keeping. 

Silas  Bent-class 

USNS  Silas  Bent  (T-AGS  26) 

USNS  Kane  (T-AGS  27) 

USNS  Waters  (T-AGS  45) 

USNS  John  McDonnell  (T-AGS  51) 
USNS  Llttlehales  (T-AGS  52) 

USNS  Pathfinder  (T-AGS  60) 

USNS  Sumner  (T-AGS  61) 

USNS  Bowditch  (T-AGS  62) 

USNS  Henson  (T-AGS  63) 

Fleet  Oilers 

Fleet  oilers  operate  as  a unit  of  an  underway 
replenishment  group,  replenishing  petroleum 
products  and  ordnance  to  the  fleet  at  sea  during 
underway  replenishments  (UNREPS). 


Henry  J.  Kaiser-class 

USNS  Henry  J.  Kaiser  (T-AO  187) 
USNS  Walter  S.  Diehl  (T-AO  193) 
USNS  John  Ericsson  (T-AO  194) 
USNS  Leroy  Grumman  (T-AO  195) 
USNS  Kanawha  (T-AO  196) 

USNS  Pecos  (T-AO  197) 

USNS  Big  Horn  (T-AO  198) 

USNS  Tippecanoe  (T-AO  199) 
USNS  Guadalupe  (T-AO  200) 
USNS  Patuxent  (T-AO  201) 

USNS  Yukon  (T-AO  202) 

USNS  Laramie  (T-AO  203) 

USNS  Rappahannock  (T-AO  204) 


JANUARY  1998 



The  bottom  line  for  any  amphibious  ship 
is  the  transport,  landing  and  support  of 
Marine  Corps  expeditionary  forces. 

How  successful  these  ships  are  in  fulfilling  this 
mission  and  adapting  to  an  ever-changing 
world  can  be  determined  by  design. 

The  LPD  17  program  incorporates  the  full- 
range  of  ship  design  expertise  and  goes  one 
step  beyond.  "Design  for  Ownership"  is  a basic 
precept  for  the  new  ship  class.  This 
means  involving  the  Navy  and  Marine 
operators,  maintainers  and  trainers  in 
design  process  from  the  very  start.  What's  to 
gained?  A significant  increase  in  quality  and 
cost  efficiency  for  one.  For  another,  familiariza- 
tion and  acceptance  is  greater  when  a ship  joins 
the  fleet  because  the  process  has  been  going  on 
for  years.  The  more  familiar  the  ship,  the 
greater  the  chances  are  to  fully  realize  its 

Christened  San  Antonio,  the  first  of  12  LPD 
17-class  ships,  is  expected  to  be  delivered  to 
the  Navy  in  2002.  As  the  numbers  increase,  this 
class  will  replace  41  ships  of  the  LPD  4,  LSD  36, 
LKA  113  and  LST  1179-classes.  To  accomplish 
this,  the  new  ships  must  be  truly  multipurpose 
and  capable  of  supporting  the  evolving  role  of 
the  Marine  Corps  into  the  21st  century. 

Length:  684  ft. 

Beam:  105  ft. 

Draft:  23.0  ft. 

Displacement:  25,300  tons 
Speed:  22+  knots 

Builder:  Avondale  Industries,  Inc.,  Bath  Iron 
Works,  General  Dynamics,  Hughes  Aircraft 
Co.  and  Intergraph  Corp. 

Cost:  About  $641  million 

Designed  as  a multipurpose  ship, 
LPD  17  will  be  capable  of  supporting 
the  ever-changing  role  of  the  Marine 
Corps  in  the  21st  centui 

jp  ■■ 


Warfare  Capability:  Meets  all  stated  operational  requirements. 
Mission  Flexibiity:  Readily  adaptable  to  the  full  range  of  Navy- 
Marine  Corps,  Joint  Service  and  NATO  expeditionary  warfare 

Technical  Adaptability:  Designed  for  rapid,  affordable  perfor- 
mance upgrades  throughout  the  life  of  the  ship. 

Supportability:  Reliable,  maintainable  and  affordable  through- 

life  of  the  s 

Hot  linl 

To  learn  more  about  LPD  17 
check  out  this  web  site: 
http://lpd1 7.nswc. 
Ipdl  7/index,  html 

Naval  Weapons 

Air-to-Air  Missiles 

A An  F/A-18  Hornet  aircraft  fires  the  Sidewinder  m\ss\\e. 


Primary  mission:  All-weather,  heat-seeking,  short- 
range,  dogfight  missile;  can  be  used  day  or  night;  and  hones 
in  on  the  engine  exhaust  of  target  aircraft.  Dimensions: 
length  - 9 ft.,  4.2  in.;  diameter  - 5 in.;  weight  - 188  lbs. 
Range:  10,000  to  20,000  yards.  Payload:  annular  blast 
fragmentation;  weight  - 20.8  lbs. 


Primary  mission:  High- 
ly maneuverable,  radar- 
guided  missile,  with  all- 
weather  capability;  can 
attack  high-performance 
aircraft  and  missiles  from 
any  direction.  Dimensions: 
length-  12ft.;  diameter-8 
in.;  weight  - 510  lbs. 
Range:  more  than  30  nau- 
tical miles.  Payload:  blast 
fragment,  high  explosive. 

Cruise  Missiles 

A Aviation  ordnancemen  prepare  to  load 
Sparrow  air-to-air  missiles. 


A A submarine  launches  a Trident  missile. 


^ Harpoon 

< Primary  mission:  All-weather,  over-the- 
■§-  horizon,  anti-ship  missile;  capable  of  being 
s launched  from  surface  ships,  submarines 
or  from  aircraft  to  destroy  surface  combat- 
ants, submarines  or  other  shipping.  Dimen- 
sions: length  - 15  ft.,  surface/submarine 
launched;  12  ft.,  7 in.  air  launched;  diame- 
ter - missile  body,  13.5  in.,  Payload:  500 
lbs.  high  explosive,  blast  penetrator. 

Tomahawk  Cruise  Missile 

Primary  mission:  Long-range,  subson- 
ic cruise  missile;  conventionally  armed  for 
anti-surface  warfare;  conventionally  or  nu- 
clear-armed in  land  attack  versions.  Dimen- 
sions: length  - 18  ft.,  3 in.;  diameter- 20.4 
in  in.  Payload:  1 ,000  lb.  conventional  submu- 
I nitions  dispenser  with  combined  effect 
| bomblets.  Nuclear  - W-80  warhead. 



Fleet  Ballistic 

Trident  II  (D-5) 

Primary  mission:  Subsurface  to  sur- 
face strategic  nuclear  deterrence.  Dimen- 
sions: length  - 44  ft.;  diameter  - 83  in.; 
weight  - 126,000  lbs.  Range:  more  than 
6,000  nautical  miles.  Payload:  Thermonu- 
clear MIRV  (Multiple  Independent  Re-en- 
try Vehicle);  Multiple  Re-entry  Vehicle 
(MRV)  warhead. 

Trident  I (C-4) 

Primary  mission:  Subsurface  to  sur- 
face strategic  nuclear  deterrence.  Dimen- 
sions: length  - 34  ft.;  diameter  - 74  in.; 
weight  - 73,000  lbs.  Range:  4,000  nauti- 
cal miles.  Payload:  Thermonuclear  MIRV 
with  maneuverable  warhead. 


Primary  mission:  All-weather,  long- 
range  missile,  carried  in  clusters,  up  to  six 
missiles  on  the  F-14;  provides  near  simul- 
taneous launch  against  multiple  air  targets. 
Dimensions:  length  - 13  ft.;  diameter-  15 
in.;  weight  - 989  lbs.  Range:  more  than 
104  nautical  miles.  Payload:  proximity 
fuse,  high-explosive;  weight  - 135  lbs. 


Primary  mission:  All-weather,  radar- 
guided  beyond-visual  range  missile;  pro- 
vides launch  and  leave  capability  and  mul- 
tiple target  engagement  capability. 
Dimensions:  length  - 1 1 ft.,  9 in.;  diameter 
- 7 in.;  weight  - 300  lbs.  Range:  39  nauti- 
cal miles.  Payload:  blast  high  explosive. 

AAn  artist’s  conception  of  the  SLAM-ER 
being  released  from  the  Super  Hornet  aircraft. 

SLAM-ER  (Stand  Off  Land 
Attack  Missile  Expanded  Re- 

Primary  mission:  All-weather, 
intermediate-range  with  precision  strike 
capability  against  land  targets  and  ships  in 
port,  capable  of  being  launched  from  land 
or  from  aircraft.  Dimensions:  length  - 
14ft.  diameter  - 13.5  in;  weight  - 1464  lbs. 
Range:  more  than  100  nautical  miles. 
Payload:  500  lbs  high  explosive,  blast 



Air-to-G  round 

HARM  Missile 

Primary  mission:  High-speed,  anti- 
radiation missile;  designed  to  seek  out 
and  destroy  enemy  radar-equipped  air 
defense  systems.  Dimensions:  length  - 
13  ft.,  7 in.,  diameter  - 10  in.,  weight  - 
798  lbs.  Range:  approximately  80 
nautical  miles.  Payload:  blast  fragmenta- 

Shrike  Anti-radar  Missile 

Primary  mission:  The  AGM-45 
Shrike  is  designed  to  home  in  on  anti- 
aircraft radars.  Dimensions:  length  - 10 
ft.,  diameter  - 8 in.;  weight  - 390  lbs. 
Range:  delivered  by  fighter  aircraft, 
employs  solid-fueled  rocket.  Payload: 
explosive  blast  warhead. 



Standard  Missile  Family 

Primary  mission:  Engage  and  intercept 
aircraft,  anti-ship  missiles  and  surface  ships. 
SM-1  MR,  SM-2  MR  Dimensions:  length 
- 14  ft.,  7 in.;  diameter  - 13.5  in.;  weight - 
SM-1 , 1 ,1 00  lbs.;  SM-2, 1 ,380  lbs.  Payload: 
proximity  fuse,  high  explosive.  SM-2  ER  Di- 
mensions: length -26.2 ft.;  diameter- 13.5 
in.;  weight -2,980  lbs.  Payload:  proximity 
fuse,  high  explosive. 

IR  Maverick  Missile 

Primary  mission:  Forward  fired,  infra- 
red-guided  weapon;  designed  for  day/night 

sea  warfare  and  land  interdiction. 
Dimensions:  length  - 8 ft.  2 in.;  diameter 
- 12  in.;  wing  span  - 2 ft.,  4 in.;  weight  675 
lbs.  Range:  12  nautical  miles.  Payload:  300 
lb.  penetrating/blast  warhead. 

Naval  Guns 

MK  15  Phalanx  Close-in  Weap- 
ons System  (CIWS) 

Primary  mission:  Fast-reaction,  rapid-fire 
20-millimeter  gun  system;  provides  defense 
against  anti-ship  missiles  and  hostile  air  tar- 
gets at  short  range.  Dimensions:  weight  - 
12,500  lbs.;  magazine  capacity  - 1,500 
rounds  of  20  mm  ammunition.  Features: 
Fires  3,000  - 4,500  rounds  per  minute. 

MK  75,  76mm  1.62  Caliber  Gun 

Primary  mission:  Provides  frigates  and 
other  combatants  with  a fast-reaction,  light- 
weight gun;  counters  aircraft,  cruise  missiles 
and  surface  ships.  Features:  an  enclosed 
naval  gun  mount,  single  barrel,  remote-con- 
trolled, rapid-fire  capability. 

5-inch/.54  Caliber  Lightweight 

Primary  mission:  Fires  at  a rate  of  16 
to  20  rounds  per  minute;  provides  surface 
combatants  with  accurate  naval  gunfire 
against  fast,  highly  maneuverable  surface 
targets,  air  threats  and  shore  targets. 


MK  48  and  MK  48  Advanced 
Capability  (AdCap)  Torpedo 

Primary  mission:  Subsurface  to  sub- 
surface and  subsurface  to  surface.  Dimen- 
sions: length  - 19  ft.;  diameter  - 21  in.; 
weight-3,520  lbs.,  (MK48  AdCap-3,695 
lbs.).  Range:  23  miles;  depth  - more  than 
1 ,200  ft.  Guidance:  wire-guided  active  and / 
or  passive  homing.  Payload:  650  lbs.  high- 
explosive  warhead. 

MK  50  Torpedo 

Primary  mission:  Surface  and  air  to 
sub-surface.  Dimensions:  length -9.5  ft.; 
diameter  - 12.75  in.;  weight  - 800  lbs. 
Guidance:  active/passive  acoustic  hom- 

MK  46  Torpedo 

Primary  mission:  Launched  from  sur- 
face combatant  torpedo  tubes,  ASROC  mis- 
sile and  fixed  and  rotary  wing  aircraft.  Di- 
mensions: length -8.5 ft.;  diameter- 12.75 
in.,  weight  - 508  lbs.  Guidance:  2 different 
modes  - active  or  passive/active  homing. 
Payload:  98  lbs.  of  PBXN-103  high  explo- 

A Aviation  ordnancemen  prepare  to  hang 
an  AGM-65  Maverick  missile  on  an  F-14 
Tomcat  staged  on  board  USS  Carl  Vinson 
(CVN  70). 

A FC3  Sean  Staruch  uploads  ammunition 
into  an  MK15  Phalanx  Close-In  Weapon 
System  aboard  USS  Georqe  Washington 
(CVN  73). 

A MK  46  torpedo. 

JANUARY  1998 


U.S.  Navy  photo  U.S.  Navy  photo  U.S.  Navy  photo 

epresenting  a revolution  in  cost- 
effective  design  and  construction 
techniques  and  mission  flexibility,  the 

new  attack  submarine  (NSSN)  will  provide  the 
U.S.  Navy  with  the  capabilities  it  requires  to 
maintain  the  nation's  undersea  supremacy  well 
into  the  21st  century. 

The  NSSN  will  satisfy  the  full  spectrum  of 
open  ocean  as  well  as  regional  and  near-land 

Intelligence,  Surveillance,  Reconnaissance 

NSSN  has  superior  covert,  non-provocative  capabilities. 
Onboard  imaging,  acoustic  and  electronics  sensor  sys- 
tems, unmanned  vehicles  and  other  off-board  systems 
can  continuously  monitor  the  battlespace,  allowing  quick 
response  to  adversaries’  moves. 


missions.  Equipped  to  wage  multidimensional 
warfare,  these  submarines  will  be  key  to  Ameri- 
ca's sea  power  and  national  defense  with  their 
stealth,  lethality  and  unlimited  endurance. 

Now  under  design  and  scheduled  for  a 1998 
construction  start,  NSSN  is  being  optimized  for 
maximum  technological  and  operational  flexibili- 
ty. When  the  lead  ship  of  the  class  joins  the 
Navy's  fleet  in  2004,  it  will  reflect  the  uncompro- 
mising quest  to  engineer  the  proper  balance 
between  advanced  technologies  and  affordability. 




7,800  tons 


377  feet 


34  feet 


More  than  25  knots 


More  than  800  feet 


38  weapons,  including  Vertical 
Launching  System  and 
Special  Operations  Forces 

Weapon  Launch: 

4 21 -inch  torpedo  tubes,  12 
Vertical  Launching  System 


Tomahawk  land-attack 
missiles,  MK  48  Advanced 
Capability  torpedoes, 
advanced  mobile  mines 
and  unmanned  under- 
water vehicles. 

Special  Operations 

NSSN  will  support  the  full  spectrum  of  special 
operations  missions  — search  and  rescue, 
intelligence  collection,  sabotage  and  diversion- 
ary attacks;  directing  air  strikes  and  other 
clandestine  missions  that  demand  a stealthy 
team  of  elite  forces. 

Seabee  Combat  Warfare  Seabee  Combat  Warfare 
Specialist  (officer)  Specialist  (enlisted) 

Warfare  Pins  and 








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Navy  Enlisted  Ratings 


Aviation  Boatswain’s  Mate 
(used  at  pay  grade  E-9) 
ABE  (Launch  and 
Recovery  Equipment) 

ABF  (Fuels) 

ABH  (Aircraft  Handling) 


Air  Traffic  Controller 


Aviation  Machinist’s  Mate 
(Compressed  with  AM  to 
become  AFCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 



Aviation  Storekeeper 

Aviation  Structural 
(used  at  pay 
grade  E-8  only) 
(Compressed  with  AD  to 
become  AFCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 
AME  (Safety  Equipment) 
AMH  (Hydraulics) 

AMS  (Structures) 

A Signal  flags  are  just  one  method  SMI  (AW)  Phillip  D.  Avery  can  use 
to  communicate  between  ships  at  sea.  Signalmen  maintain  lookouts 
and  must  be  proficient  in  visual  communication  to  ensure  the  safety  of 
the  ship  and  crew. 


Aviation  Support 

Equipment  Technician 


Aviation  Ordnanceman 


Jill  \y 


\ inr  i 

\ w / 


Aviation  Electrician’s  Mate 
(Compressed  with  AT  to 
become  AVCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9 ) 

no  cavities! 

Number  of  Sailors  and 
Marines  who  visit  one  of 
Navy  Dentistry's  226 
clinics  worldwide  each 

day . 

Source:  BUMED 


Aviation  Electronics 

(Compressed  with  AE  to 
become  AVCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 

32  Forward 

From  The  Sea 


Anytime,  Anywhere 





Aviation  Warfare  Systems  Boatswain’s  Mate 


Aviation  Maintenance 


(becomes  CUCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 

A Dental  technicians  like  DT3  Kimberly  S.  Combs  of  Shreve- 
port, La.,  assist  dentists  with  patient  care,  perform  as  X-ray 
technicians,  make  and  fit  dental  prosthetics  and  work  in  clinical 

>-  The  name  says  it  all  for  machinist’s  mates.  Like  MMI(SS) 
John  S.  Hakala,  Sailors  in  this  rating  are  responsible  for  the 
operation  of  the  various  engines,  compressors  and  air  condition- 
ing equipment  aboard  ship. 

Construction  Electrician 
(becomes  UCCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 


Construction  Mechanic 
(becomes  EQCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 


Cryptologic  Technician 
CTA  (Administrative) 

CTI  (Interpretive) 

CTM  (Maintenance) 

CTO  (Communications) 
CTR  (Collection) 

CTT  (Technical 

Damage  Controlman 

- - - - 


Disbursing  Clerk 


Illustrator  Draftsman 

JANUARY  1998 


Photo  by  JOI  Rodney  Furry 

Navy  Enlisted  Ratings 

Source:  USS  John  F.  Kennedy 

1.2  Million 

Number  of  eggs  served 
for  breakfast  aboard 
USS  John  F.  Kennedy 
during  a recent  six 
month  deployment 

Data  Systems  Technician 





Dental  Technician 


Engineering  Aide 
(becomes  CUCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 


i ini  | 


Electrician’s  Mate 


Equipment  Operator 
(becomes  EQCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 


Electronics  Technician 


Electronic  Warfare 


Fire  Controlman 


Gunner’s  Mate 
(used  at  pay  grade 
E-7  and  above) 
GMG  (Guns) 

GMM  (Missiles) 


Fire  Control  Technician 

Y Food  preparation  is  what  mess 
management  specialists,  like 
MS2(SS)  Ronald  R.  Sturtz,  are  best 
known  for.  But  they  must  also 
know  how  to  manage  the  entire 
operation  of  a Navy  dining  facility  or 
bachelor  quarters. 

...  From  The  Sea 

34  Forward 


Anytime,  Anywher :? 


Gas  Turbine  System 
(used  at  pay  grade 
E-8  and  E-9) 


Hospital  Corpsman 


Hull  Maintenance 

A GMGSN  Harmony  Wright  of 
Grand  Junction,  Colo.,  inspects  an 
M-14  rifle  on  board  USS  Barry 
(DDG  52).  Gunner’s  mates  are 
responsible  for  operating,  main- 
taining and  repairing  the  Navy’s 
guns  and  guided-missile  launch- 
ing systems. 

> Maintaining,  testing  and 
replacing  aircraft  engines  are  the 
duties  of  the  aviation  machinist’s 
mate.  AD3  Zandy  Marsh  of 
Wichita  Falls,  Texas,  works  on  a 
J52P8C  engine  while  deployed 
aboard  USS  Enterprise  (CVN  65). 




Interior  Communications 


Intelligence  Specialist 


JANUARY  1998 


Photo  by  PH2  Matt  Hostetler 

Navy  Enlisted  Ratings 




Machinery  Repairman 


Master-at  Arms 


Machinist’s  Mate 

A AMH3  Marco  A.  Reyes  works 
on  the  hydraulic  lines  of  an  S-3B 
Viking  aircraft.  Aviation  structur- 
al mechanics  are  trained  in  the 
maintenance  and  repair  of 
aircraft  exteriors,  landing  gear, 
hydraulic  systems  and  safety 

>-  A torpedoman’s  mate  does 
much  more  than  maintain 
torpedo  systems.  As  weapons 
experts  they  are  called  upon  for 
other  duties.  TM2  Melton  L. 
Ford  of  Greenville,  Miss.,  takes 
over  a .50-caliber  gun  mount 
aboard  USS  Enterprise  (CVN 


Mess  Management 

Do  You  Know. . . 

Anyone  with  the  desire 
to  be  a Fleet 


Missile  Technician 


Navy  Counselor 

rward  ...  From  The  Sea 




Operation’s  Specialist 


Postal  Clerk 


Photographer’s  Mate 




Aircrew  Survival 



Anytime*  Anywhere 

A Aviation  electronics  technicians  are  responsible  for  trouble- 
shooting, maintaining  and  repairing  many  electronic  systems 
aboard  high-tech  naval  aircraft.  Here,  AT3  Gabrielle  Hickman  of 
Fighter  Squadron  (VF)  1 01 , gives  the  thumbs-up  during  launch 
operations  aboard  USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73). 

| STS  (Submarine) 


(becomes  CUCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 


Torpedoman’s  Mate 


(becomes  UCCM  at 
pay  grade  E-9) 

Religious  Program 



JANUARY  1998 


The  Super  Hornet  is  an  all-weather,  day 
and  night,  multimission  strike  fighter 
that  is  harder  to  find,  harder  to  hit, 
and  harder  to  disable. 

Both  the  single-seat  E and  two-seat  F 
models  offer  longer  range,  greater  endurance, 
more  payload-carrying  capability,  more 
powerful  engines,  increased  carrier  bring- 
back  capability,  enhanced  survivability  and  a 
renewed  potential  for  future  growth. 

The  first  production  F/A-18E/F  Super 
Hornets  will  enter  service  with  the  U.S.  Navy 
in  1999.  The  first  operational  squadron  of 
Super  Hornets  will  be  ready  for  deployment  in 


Primary  Function:  Multirole  attack  and  fighter 

Contractor:  The  Boeing  Company 
Unit  Cost:  $35  million 

Propulsion:  Two  F414-GE-400  turbofan  engines 
Thrust:  22,000  pounds  (9,977  kg)  static  thrust 
per  engine 

Length:  60.3  feet  (18.5  meters) 

Height:  16  feet  (4.87  meters) 

Maximum  Take  Off  Gross  Weight:  66,000 
pounds  (29,932  kg) 

Wingspan:  44.9  feet  (13.68  meters) 

Ceiling:  50,000+  feet 
Speed:  Mach  1.8+ 

Crew:  E model  - One;  F model  - Two 
Armament:  One  20mm  MK-61A1  Vulcan 

External  payload:  AIM  9 Sidewinder,  AIM  7 
Sparrow,  AIM-120  AMRAAM,  Harpoon,  HARM, 
Shrike,  SLAM,  SLAM-ER,  Walleye,  Maverick 
missiles;  Joint  Stand-Off  Weapon  (JSOW);  Joint 
Direct  Attack  Munition  (JDAM);  various 
general  purpose  bombs,  mines  and  rockets. 
First  Flight:  December  1995 
First  Carrier  Landing:  January  1997 

90%  Common 
F/A-18C/D  Avionics 
Avionics  and  software  have 
a 90  percent  commonality 
with  current  F/A-18C/DS. 
However,  the  F/A-1 8E/F 
cockpit  features  a touch- 
sensitive,  upfront  control 
display;  a larger,  liquid 
crystal  multipurpose  color 
display;  and  a new  engine 
fuel  display. 

34  in.  Fuselage  Extension 

The  fuselage  is  slightly  longer  — 
the  result  of  a 34-inch  extension. 


25%  Larger  Wing 

A full  25  percent  bigger  than  its 
predecessor,  Super  Hornet  has 
nearly  half  .as  m 

35%  Higher  Thrust  Engines 

Increased  engine  power  comes  from  the 
F414-GE-400,  an  advanced  derivative  of 
the  Hornet’s  current  F404  engine  family. 
The  F414  produces  35  percent  more 
thrust  and  improves  overall  mission 
performance.  Enlarged  air  inlets  provide 
increased  airflow  to  the  engines. 

33%  Additional 
internal  Fuel 

Structural  changes  to 
the  airframe  increase 
internal  fuel  capacity 
by  3,600  pounds,  or 
about  33  percent.  This 
extends  the  Hornet’s 
mission  radius  by  up 
to  40  percent. 

Two  Additional  Multi-Mission 
Weapons  Stations 

Super  Hornet  has  two  additional 
weapons  stations,  bringing  the  total 
to  11.  For  aircraft  carrier  operations, 
about  three  times  more  payload  can 
be  brought  back  to  the  ship. 

Photos  & art  courtesy  of 
McDonnell  Aircraft  & 
Missile  Systems 

Navy  Aircraft 

Fighters,  Bombers  & 
Tactical  Aircraft 

F/A-18  Hornet 

The  F/A-18  Hornet,  an  all-weather  air- 
craft, is  used  as  an  attack  aircraft  as  well  as 
a fighter.  In  its  fighter  mode,  the  F/A-18  is 
used  primarily  as  a fighter  escort  and  for 
fleet  air  defense;  in  its  attack  mode,  it  is  used 
for  force  projection,  interdiction  and  close 
and  deep  air  support. 








37  ft.,  6 inches 
56  ft. 

15  ft.,  3.5  in. 

Mach  1.8+ 

2,073  miles 
20mm  M-61A1  Vulcan 
cannon;  Sparrow  III  missile 
(fighter);  Sidewinder  missile 
(fighter);  Guided  /conven 
tional  air-to-ground  ordnance 
(attack);  Harpoon  & HARM 

1 (A,  C&E);  2 (B,  D & F) 

VFA-83  Rampagers 

VFA-86  Sidewinders 

VFA-87  Golden  Warriors 

VFA-94  Mighty  Shrikes 

VFA-97  Warhawks 

VFA-105  Gunslingers 

VFA-106  Gladiators 

VFA-1 13  Stingers 

VFA-1 15  Eagles 

VFA-1 31  Wildcats 

VFA-1 32  Privateers 

VFA-1 36  Knighthawks 

VFA-1 37  Kestrels 

VFA-146  Blue  Diamonds 

VFA-1 47  Argonauts 

VFA-1 51  Fighting  Vigilantes 

VFA-1 92  World  Famous  Golden  Dragons 

VFA-1 95  Dambusters 

VFA-203  Blue  Dolphins 

VFA-204  River  Rattlers 

Marine  Corps  squadrons 

VMFA-1 12  Cowboys 
VMFA-1 15  Silver  Eagles 
VMFA-1 22  Crusaders 

Navy  squadrons 

VFA-1 5 Valions 
VFA-22  Fighting  Redcocks 
VFA-25  Fist  of  the  Fleet 
VFA-27  Royal  Maces 
VFA-37  Bulls 
VFA-81  Sunliners 
VFA-82  Marauders 

Forward  ... 

VMFA-1 24  Whisling  Death 
VMFA-1 34  The  Smoke 
VMFA-142  Flying  Gators 
VMFA-212  Lancers 
VM  FA-2 32  Red  Devils 
VMFA-251  Thunderbolts 
VMFA-312  Checker  Boards 
VM  FA-3 14  Black  Knights 

From  The  Sea 

VMFA-321  Hells  Angels 
VMFA-323  Death  Rattlers 
VMFA-332  Moonlighters 

F-14  Tomcat 

The  F-14  Tomcat  is  a supersonic,  twin- 
engine,  variable  sweep  wing,  fighter  de- 
signed to  attack  and  destroy  enemy 
aircraft  at  night  and  in  all  weather  conditions. 
The  F-14  can  track  up  to  24  targets  simulta- 
neously with  its  advance  weapons  control 
system  and  attack  six  with  Phoenix  AIM-54A 
missiles  while  continuing  to  scan  the 








64  ft.  (unswept); 

38  ft.  (swept) 

61  ft.,  8 inches 

Mach  2+ 

2,300  miles 

AIM-54s,  AIM-7s  and  AIM-9s 
Air-to-ground  ordnance; 
20mmM-61A1  Vulcan  cannon 

VF-2  Bounty  Hunters 
VF-1 1 Red  Rippers 
VF-14  Tophatters 
VF-31  Tomcatters 
VF-32  Swordsmen 
VF-41  Black  Aces 
VF-1 01  Grim  Reapers 
VF-1 02  Diamondbacks 
VF-1 03  Jolly  Rogers 
VF-143  Puking  Dogs 
VF-1 54  Black  Knights 
VF-201  Hunters 
VF-21 1 Checkmates 
VF-213  Black  Lions 

EA-6B  Prowler 

The  EA-6B  Prowler  provides  an  umbrel- 
la of  protection  over  strike  aircraft  and  ships 
by  jamming  enemy  radar,  electronic  data 
links  and  communications.  It  is  a twin-en- 
gine, mid-wing  aircraft  designed  for  carrier 
and  advanced  base  operations.  The  Prowl- 
er is  a fully  integrated  electronic  warfare 
system  combining  long-range,  all-weather 
capabilities  with  advanced  electronic  coun- 



Photo  by  PH3  Joe  Hendricks 

Anytime,  Anywhere 


53  ft. 


59  ft.,  10  inches 


16  ft.,  3 inches 


610  mph 


1,099  miles 


HARM  missiles 



Navy  squadrons 

VAQ-129  Vikings 
VAQ-130  Zappers 
VAQ-131  Lancers 
VAQ-132  Scorpions 
VAQ-133  Wizards 
VAQ-134  Garudas 

VAQ-135  Black  Ravens 
VAQ-136  Gauntlets 
VAQ-137  Rooks 
VAQ-138  Yellowjackets 
VAQ-139  Cougars 
VAQ-140  Patriots 
VAQ-141  Shadowhawks 
VAQ-142  Gray  Wolves 
VAQ-209  Star  Warriors 








68  ft.,  8 inches 
53  ft.,  4 inches 
22  ft.,  9 inches 
518  mph 
2,645  miles 

Harpoon  missiles;  rockets; 
mines;  torpedoes;depth 

VS-21  Fighting  Redtails 
VS-22  Checkmates 
VS-24  Scouts 
VS-29  Dragonfires 
VS-30  Diamond  Cutters 
VS-31  Top  Cats 
VS-32  Maulers 
VS-33  Screwbirds 
VS-35  Blue  Wolves 
VS-38  Red  Griffins 
VS-41  Shamrocks 

P-3C  Orion 

The  P-3C  Orion  is  a land-based,  long  range 
anti-submarine  warfare  (ASW)  patrol 
aircraft.  Using  sonobuoys  and  magnetic 
anomaly  detection  equipment,  the  P-3C 
detects,  identifies  and  destroys  enemy 









99  ft.,  8 in. 

116  ft.,  10  in. 

33  ft.,  8 inches 
473  mph 
2,383  miles 

Harpoon  missile;  MK-46 
torpedoes;  mines,  depth 

VP-1  Screaming  Eagles 
VP-4  Skinny  Dragons 
VP-5  Mad  Foxes 
VP-8  Tigers 
VP-9  Golden  Eagles 
VP-10  Red  Lancers 
VP-16  War  Eagles 
VP-26  Tridents 
VP-30  Pro’s  Nest 
VP-40  Fighting  Marlins 
VP-45  Pelicans 
VP-46  Grey  Knights 
VP-47  Golden  Swordsmen 
VP-62  Broad  Arrows 
VP-64  The  Condors 
VP-65  Tridents 
VP-66  The  Liberty  Bells 
VP-69  Totems 
VP-91  Black  Cats 
VP-92  Minutemen 
VP-94  Crawfishers 

Marine  Corps  squadrons 

VMAQ-1  Banshees 
VMAQ-2  Panthers 
VMAQ-3  Moondogs 
VMAQ-4  Seahawks 

S-3B  Viking 

The  S-3B  Viking  is  a jet  aircraft  used  in  the 
detection  and  attack  of  submarines  and  as 
an  armed  scout  in  the  anti-surface  role.  Ex- 
tremely versatile,  the  Viking  is  also  equipped 
for  tanking,  mining  and  limited  electronic 
surveillance.  S-3B’s  high  speed  computer 
system  processes  information  generated  by 
acoustic  and  non-acoustic  target  sensor 

JANUARY  1998 


Navy  Aircraft 

Command  & Control 

E-2C  Hawkeye 

The  E-2C  Hawkeye  is  the  Navy’s  all-weath- 
er, carrier-based  tactical  warning  and 
control  system  aircraft.  It  provides  airborne 
early  warning  and  command  and  control 
functions  for  the  carrier  battle  group.  Addi- 
tional missions  include  surface  surveillance 
coordination,  strike  and  interceptor  control, 
search  and  rescue  guidance  and  commun- 
cations  relay. 








80  ft.,  7 in. 

57  ft.,  6 in. 

18  ft.,  4 in. 
389  mph 
1 ,500  + miles 

E-6A  Mercury 

The  E-6A  Mercury  provides  secure,  surviv- 
able,  jam  resistant  strategic  communications 
relay  for  fleet  ballistic  missile  submarines.  It 
performs  the  Navy’s  TACAMO  (“Take 
Charge  and  Move  Out”)  mission  of  linking 
ballistic  missile  forces  with  national  com- 
mand authority  during  time  of  crisis. 








VQ-3  Ironman 
VQ-4  Shadows 

148  ft.,  4 inches 
152  ft.,  1 1 inches 
42  ft.,  5 inches 
610  mph 
6,700  miles 

Transport  Aircraft 

VAW-77  Night  Wolves 
VAW-78  Fighting  Escargot 
VAW-1 12  Golden  Hawks 
VAW-1 13  Black  Eagles 
VAW-1 15  Liberty  Bells 
VAW-1 16  Sun  Kings 
VAW-1 1 7 Wallbangers 
VAW-1 20  Greyhawks 

C-9B  Sky  train 

The  C-9B  Skytrain  is  used  for  fleet  logistics 
support,  intratheater  airlift  and  airlifting 
Naval  Reservists  to  and  from  training  sites. 

Photo  by  PH3  Chris  Vickers 








VR-46  Eagles 

93  ft.,  3 in. 

1 19  ft.,  3 in. 
27  ft.,  5 in. 
565  mph 
2,000  miles 

VR-52  The  Taskmasters 
VR-56  Globemasters 

VR-57  Conquistadores 
VR-58  Sunseekers 

VR-59  Lonestar  Express 

16  Million 

Number  of  spectators 
who  watched  the 
Blue  Angels  • — ““ 

perform  in»  — 
This  is  about  fifteen 
times  the  population  of 
Dallas,  Texas. 








132  ft.,  7 inches 
97  ft.,  9 inches 
38  ft.,  3 inches 
374  mph 
2,350  miles  w / 
max.  payload; 

5,200  empty 
None;  can  be  fitted 
with  7.62mm  mini- 
guns, 20mm  Vulcan 
cannons,  40mm 
Bofors cannons  and 
105mm  Howitzer 

VR-54  Revelers 
VR-55  Minutemen 
VR-62  Nor'easters 

VAW-1 21  Bluetails 
VAW-1 23  Screwtops 
VAW-1 24  Bear  Aces 
VAW-1 25  Tigertails 
VAW-1 26  Seahawks 

C-1 30  Hercules 

The  C-1 30  Hercules,  a four-engine  turbo- 
prop aircraft,  is  the  workhorse  of  the  military 
services.  Besides  hauling  people  and  car- 
go, it  plays  a variety  of  other  roles  including 
gun-ships,  weather  watchers,  tankers,  fire- 
fighters and  aerial  ambulances. 

C-2A  Greyhound 

The  C-2A  Greyhound  provides  critical 
logistics  support  to  aircraft  carriers.  Its 
primary  mission  is  carrier  on-board  deliv- 
ery. Powered  by  two  T-6  turboprop  engines, 
it  can  deliver  a payload  of  up  to  1 0,000  lbs. 


The  Sea 


Anytime,  Anywhere 

Training  Aircraft 

T-45A  Goshawk 

The  T-45A  Goshawk  is  used  for 
intermediate  and  advanced  portions 
of  the  Navy  pilot  training  program  for 
jet  carrier  aviation  and  tactical  strike 








80  ft.,  7 inches 
56  ft.,  10  inches 
15  ft.,  11  inches 
357  mph 
1,796  miles 








30  ft.,  10  inches 
39  ft.,  4 inches 
14  ft. 

620  mph 
1150  miles 

2 (instructor,  student) 

VRC-30  Providers 
VRC-40  Rawhides 

VT-21  Redhawks 
VT-22  Golden  Eagles 

1998  Schedule 



NAF  El  Centro,  Calif. 


Davis-Monthan  AFB, 
Tuscon,  Ariz. 


NAS  Kingsville,  Texas 



MCAS  Beaufort,  S.C. 


Barksdale  AFB,  Bossier 
City,  La. 


NAS  Norfolk 



Ft.  Lauderdale,  Fla. 


Chattanooga,  Tenn. 


Andrews  AFB,  Camp 
Springs,  Md. 


U.S.  Naval  Academy, 
Annapolis,  Md. 


NAS  Meridian,  Miss. 


NAS/Joint  Reserve  Base 
Fort  Worth,  Texas 


6-7  Coney  Island.  N.Y. 

13-14  Eau  Claire,  Wis. 

20-21  Grissom  AFRB,  Ind. 

27-28  Niagara  Falls,  N.Y. 



Traverse  City.  Mich. 


Pensacola  Beach,  Fla. 


Dayton,  Ohio 




5-7  Chesterfield,  Mo. 

12-13  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia 

19-20  Warner  Robins  AFB,  Ga. 

26-27  Reading,  Pa. 







Stockton,  Calif. 

San  Francisco 

NAS  Jacksonville,  Fla. 
NAS/Joint  Reserve  Base 
New  Orleans 


1 NAS  New  Orleans 

6-7  NAS  Pensacola,  Fla. 







Hanscom  AFB,  Bedford,  Mass. 

MCAS  Miramar.  Calif. 

Offutt  AFB,  Neb. 

JANUARY  1998 


Navy  Aircraft 


SH-60  Seahawk 

The  SH-60  Seahawk  is  a twin-engine 
helicopter  used  for  anti-submarine  warfare, 
search  and  rescue,  drug  interdiction, 
anti-ship  warfare,  cargo  lift  and  special 
operations.  It  is  an  air  platform  based  aboard 
cruisers,  destroyers  and  frigates. 







64  ft.,  10  in. 


144  mph 
380+  miles 

2 MK-46  torpedoes 








46  ft. 

17  ft. 

165  mph 
132+  miles 

HMM-365  Blue  Knights 
HMM-764  Moonlighters 
HMT-204  White  Knights 

HS-2  Golden  Falcons 
HS-3  Tridents 
HS-4  Black  Knights 
HS-5  Nightdippers 
HS-6  Indians 
HS-7  Shamrocks 
HS-8  Eight-ballers 
HS-10  War  Hogs 
HS-1 1 Dragonslayers 
HS-14  Chargers 
HS-1 5 Red  Lions 
HSC-4  Red  Wolves 
HSC-5  Firehawks 
HSL-37  Easy  Riders 
HSL-40  Airwolves 
HSL-41  Seahawks 
HSL-42  Proud  Warriors 
HSL-43  Battle  Cats 
HSL-44  Swamp  Fox 
HSL-45  Wolfpack 
HSL-46  Grandmasters 
HSL-47  Saberhawks 
HSL-48  Vipers 
HSL-51  Warlords 

CH-46  Sea  Knight 

The  CH-46D  Sea  Knight  is  used  by  the 
Navy  for  shipboard  delivery  of  cargo  and 
personnel.  Additional  tasks  such  as  com- 
bat support,  search  and  rescue,  aeromed- 
ic  evacuation  of  casualties  may  be  assigned. 

44  Forward  .. 

Navy  squadrons 

HC-3  Pack-Rats 
HC-5  Providers 
HC-6  Chargers 
HC-8  Dragon  Whales 
HC-1 1 Gunbearers 

CH-53  Sea  Stallion 

The  CH-53  Sea  Stallion  transports  person- 
nel, supplies  and  equipment  in  support 
of  amphibious  and  shore  operations.  Other 
variants  of  CH-53  are  the  RH-53P  and  the 
MH53E,  which  are  used  for  mine  counter- 

Marine  Corps  squadrons 

HMM-161  Greyhawks 
HMM-162  Golden  Eagles 
HMM-163  Ridgerunners 
HMM-164  Knightriders 
HMM-165  White  Knights 
HMM-166  Sea  Elks 
HMM-261  Raging  Bulls 
HMM-263  Thunder  Eagles 
HMM-264  Black  Knights 
HMM-266  Fighting  Griffins 
HMM-268  Red  Dragons 
HMM-364  Purple  Foxes 







67  ft.,  5 in. 
24  ft.,  11  in 
184  mph 
665  miles 

Navy  squadron 

HC-4  Black  Stallions 

From  The  Sea 


Photo  by  PH2  James  E.  Perkins 

PH3  Williams  J.  Kipp,  Jr. 

Anytime,  Anywhere 

H-3H  Sea  King 

The  H-3H  is  a twin  engine,  all-weather  heli- 
copter used  to  detect,  classify,  track  and 
destroy  enemy  submarines.  It  also  provides 
logistic  support  and  search  and  rescue 
capability  The  UH-3H  and  VH-3  are 
configured  for  combat  support  roles. 

SH-2G  Seasprite 

The  SH-2G  Seasprite  is  a ship-based  heli- 
copter with  anti-submarine,  anti-surface 
threat  capability,  including  over-the-horizon 
targeting.  It  extends  and  increases  ship- 
board sensor  and  weapon  capabilities 
against  several  types  of  enemy  threats. 

Marine  Corps  squadrons 

HMH-361  Flying  Tigers 
HMH-362  Ugly  Angels 
HMH-363  Red  Lions 
HMH-461  Iron  Horses 
HMH-462  Heavy  Haulers 
HMH-464  Condors 
HMH-465  War  Horses 
HMH-466  Wolfpack 
HMH-772  Hustlers 
HMT-301  Windwalkers 
HMT  302  Phoenix 
HMT  303  Atlas 







54  ft.,  9 in. 

17  ft. 

136  mph 
623  miles 

Two  MK-46  torpedoes 







52  ft.,  9 in. 


172.5  mph 

391  miles 

Two  MK-46/MK-50 



HC-2  Fleet  Angels 
HC-85  Golden  Gators 
HS-75  Emerald  Knights 

HSL-84  Thunderbolts 
HSL-94  Titans 

• 24,000-pound  class  empty 

• 36-foot  wing  span  with  no 
wing  fold 

• Internal  & external  payload 

• Multirole  supersonic  aircraft 

The  carrier-based  version  of  the  JSF  will  provide  first-day- 
of-the-war  survivable  strike  capability,  combined  with 
outstanding  low-speed  flight  handling  characteristics.  JSF 
will  have  a stronger  internal  structure,  landing  gear  and 
arresting  hook  design  for  catapult  launch  and  arrested 

Joint  Strike  Fighter 

JANUARY  1998 


Artist  conceptions:  provided  by  Boeing  and  Lockhead  Martin  (inset) 


DD  21  is  a ship  being  designed  to  conquer 
the  technological  challenges  of  the  21st 
century.  Design  characteristics  such  as 
submarine-like  survivability  and  a significantly 
reduced  radar  signature,  achieved  through  a fully 
integrated  topside  design,  will  significantly 
expand  the  mission  of  the  surface  combatant. 

Like  today's  Arleigh  Burke-class  guided-missile 
destroyers,  DD  21  will  be  a multi-mission  ship, 
capable  of  providing  forward  presence  and 
deterrence,  and  operating  as  a vital  part  of  naval, 
joint  and  combined  maritime  forces  to  gain 
battlespace  dominance  in  littoral  operations.  But 
unlike  today's  destroyers,  DD  21's  primary 
mission  will  be  land  attack  support  for  ground 
forces.  Armed  with  5-inch/62  extended  range 
guided  munitions  and  155mm  Howitzers,  the  ship 
will  provide  naval  gunfire  support  up  to  100 
miles  inland.  A land  attack  missile  system  will 
extend  support  between  100  and  200  miles. 
Tactical  Tomahawk  missiles  will  be  able  to  reach 
targets  from  200  to  1,600  nautical  miles. 

DD  21  will  have  the  most  advanced  undersea 
warfare  combat  systems  ever  installed  on  a 
surface  combatant.  The  ship's  hangar  will  house 
attack  helicopters  as  well  as  a system  of  un- 
manned aerial  vehicles  (UAV).  In  concert  with 
other  ships,  DD  21  will  contribute  surveillance 
and  force  to  establish  and  maintain  local  air 

The  DD  21  program  emphasizes  more  than  just 
improved  offensive  and  defensive  capabilities. 
Because  DD  21 's  design  will  incorporate  only  the 
most  advanced  systems  and  materials  on  the 
market  today,  ships  of  the  class  can  remain  battle- 
ready  with  minimal  maintenance  and  greatly 
reduced  manpower.  The  current  target  manning 
requirement  for  DD  21  is  95  crewmembers. 

DD  21  will  be  a smart  ship,  manned  with  an 
elite  crew,  ready  to  further  the  Navy's  mission  of 
"Forward  ...From  the  Sea." 

“Out  21st  century 
surface  force  is  being 
reshaped  to  give  us 
broader  capability  to 
influence  events  ashore.” 

Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 

To  learn  more  about  DD  21 
check  out  this  web  site: 
http://www,  ch  i nfo.  navy,  m i 1/ 
navpalib/cno/n86/sc21  .html 

Navy  Ranks  & Rates 

Rank  Insignia  of  Navy  Commissioned  Officers  (O) 

Pay  Grade/Rank 

Hat,  shoulder,  collar 

Shoulder  boards 


0-1  Ensign 



0-2  Lieutenant  Junior  Grade 




0-3  Lieutenant 



0-4  Lieutenant  Commander 



0-5  Commander 


0-6  Captain 


0-7  Rear  Admiral  (Lower  Half) 



0-8  Rear  Admiral  (Upper  Half) 


0-9  Vice  Admiral 



0-10  Admiral 


0-11  Fleet  Admiral 


<p  v^>  <fx  x5 

Pay  Orade/Kank 

Rank  Insignia  of  Navy  Warrant  Officer  (W) 

Hat,  shoulder,  collar 

Shoulder  boards 


W-l  Chief  Warrant  Officer 


W2  Chief  Warrant  Officer 


W-3  Chief  Warrant  Officer 


W-4  Chief  Warrant  Officer 


48  Forward 


From  The  Sea 


Anytime,  Anywhere 

Rate  Insignia  of  Navy  Enlisted  People  (E) 

Pay  Grade/Rate 

Hat  and  collar 


E-l  Seaman  Recruit 

E-2  Seaman  Apprentice 

E-3  Seaman 

E-4  Petty  Officer  Third  Class 

E-5  Petty  Officer  Second  Class 

E-6  Petty  Officer  First  Class 

E-7  Chief  Petty  Officer 

E-8  Senior  Chief  Petty  Officer 

E-9  Master  Chief  Petty  Officer 

E-9  Master  Chief  Petty  Officer  Of  The  Navy 

Line  /Staff  / Warrant  Officer  Corps  Devices 












.-r® ■ > 



m m 

* i 





















Repair  Security 
Technician  Technician 


Boatswain  Data 



Engineering/  Aerographer 

m ’■t 

Air  Traffic 









JANUARY  1998 

* Device  for  Explosive  Ordnance  Disposal  not  pictured 
**  Device  for  Muslim  Chaplain  still  under  review  49 

XLLU4NDS  FY98  Monthly  Basic  Pay  Chart 

Cumulative  Years  of  Service 

































Enlisted  Members 

E-9  As  a senior 

enlisted  advisor  of  a military  service 

E-9  basic  pay  is  $4325.10. 











































































1 144.80 

















































E-l  <4 




Warrant  Officers 

















































Commissioned  Officers 

































































































































































* Maximum  amount  that  can  be  paid  is  $9225. 

Officers  With  More  Than  Four  Years  Active  Duty  as  Enlisted  or  Warrant 

0-3  E 
































0-1 E 
















NOTE:The  Basic  Allowance  for  Quarters  is  being  replaced  by  a new  basic  allowance  for  housing  (BAH).  The  new  BAH  amounts  will  be  published  in  an  upcoming  issue. 

Hazardous  Duty  Incentive  Pay 

E-7  to  E-9 






0-7  to  0-10 




0-5  to  0-6 






E-l  to  E-3 




W-4  to  W-5  $250 









Aviation  Career  Incentive  Pay 

Phase  I 

Years  of  Aviation 


Phase  II 
Years  of  Service 




as  an  Officer 


2 or  less 


Over  18 


Over  2 


Over  20 


Over  3 


Over  22 


Over  4 


Over  25 


Over  6 




Monthly  Submarine  Pay  Chart 


2 or 






Over  Over  Over  Over  Over  Over  Over  Over 









10  12  14  16  18  20  22  24 


Enlisted  Members 








315.00  330.00  345.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00 









310.00  315.00  330.00  330.00  345.00  345.00  345.00  345.00 









275.00  295.00  310.00 








255.00  265.00 


























Warrant  Officer 

W-2  to 







355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00 


Commissioned  Officers 

0-8  to  0-10 






355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00  355.00 









355.00  355.00  355.00  540.00  535.00  535.00  410.00  410.00 









595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00 








595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00  595.00 





























Monthly  Career  Sea  Pay  Chart 


1 or 






Over  Over  Over 

















6 7 8 










Enlisted  Members 








350.00  375.00  390.00 















350.00  375.00  390.00 
















350.00  375.00  390.00 















325.00  350.00  350.00 
















325.00  350.00 







Warrant  Officers 








310.00  310.00  310.00 
















280.00  285.00  290.00 
















265.00  265.00  270.00 













240.00  255.00  265.00 














225.00  230.00  245.00 














205.00  215.00  220.00 














190.00  195.00  205.00 














190.00  195.00  205.00 














190.00  195.00  205.00 










Proposed  1998  Basic  Allowance  for  Subsistance 

Enlisted  (Daily)  Rations  in  kind  not  available 

Emergency  conditions 

<4mos.  $7.73 

<4mos.  $10.26 

All  Other  $8.38 

AllOther  $11.10 

On  leave  or  authorized  to  mess  separately 
<4mos.  $6.86 

Officers  $155.70  a month 

All  Other  $7.43 

If  receiving  rations  in  kind,  partial  BAS  is  $.31  per  day. 

JANUARY  1998 

Source  (All  Charts):  Defense  Finance  and  Accounting  Service 


Command,  Control,  Communications, 
Computers  and  Intelligence  (C4I) 
network  paves  way  to  the  future 

As  a stand-alone  computer  user,  you 
strive  to  get  the  most  out  of  your 
machine  — more  memory,  more  stor- 
age, and  faster  processing  speed  all  make  your 
computer  "platform"  a better  tool  to  get  the  job 
done.  In  a local  area  network  environment,  the 
emphasis  shifts  to  making  the  network  faster, 
stronger  and  more  capable.  While  it's  impor- 
tant to  make  sure  each  individual  computer 
maintains  minimum  requirements,  overall 
performance  is  dictated  by  the  network. 

Network  Centric  Warfare,  an  information 
network,  will  use  the  advances  in  communica- 
tion and  computing  technology  to  connect 
widely  dispersed  and  diverse  forces  into  an 
effective  and  coordinated  team.  But  the  "revo- 
lution" is  not  just  about  hardware  and  soft- 
ware, it's  about  awareness.  Our  forces  will 
have  a significant  information  advantage.  No 
longer  dependent  on  information  being 
"passed  along,"  units  can  act  on  changing 
situations  as  they  happen  to  exploit  weakness- 
es and  counter  enemy  strategies  to  accomplish 
the  overall  mission.  This  "speed  of  command," 
a fundamental  change  in  the  way  the  Armed 
Forces  operate,  is  the  cornerstone  of  this  new 

VADM  Arthur  K.  Cebrowski,  director  of 
Space  Information  Warfare  Command  and 
Control,  is  setting  the  pace  for  the  Navy's  move 
to  Network  Centric  Warfare.  "This  revolution 
in  military  affairs  is  driven  by  the  seismic 
upheaval  in  information  technology  that  is 
causing  a tidal  wave  of  change  throughout 

The  Navy  and  Marine  Corps  will  continue  to 
invest  in  fully-capable  ships,  aircraft  and 
equipment.  But  the  design  of  these  platforms 
will  center  on  which  part  each  one  plays  in  the 
"grid."  It's  a new  way  of  doing  business  in  a 
changing  world. 

Through  satellite  connectivity, 
commanders  worldwide  can  join  the 
network.  More  than  a “Navy-Marine 
Corps”  system,  the  network 
allows  for  inclusion  of  American 
and  allied  forces,  making  joint 
operations  more  effective. 

Likewise,  ashore  resources 
(i.e.,  medical,  logistics)  can  be 
provided  to  battle  forces. 

Fleet  and 

commanders  develop  the 
overall  battle  plans.  The  network’s 
teleconferencing  capabilities  are  used  to 
issue  commands  to  all  forces.  Once  the 
engagement  begins,  data  from  all  units 
allows  commanders  to  monitor  the 
progress  and  activities  of  forces  as  they  . 
act  within  the  context  of  the  plan’s  intent. 
Commanders  concentrate  on  the  overall 
battle  strategy  and  override  actions  not 
within  the  scope  of  the  plan. 

Information  on  enemy 
capabilities  and  locations  is  provided 
to  the  amphibious  ready  group  and  landing 
force.  Information  maximizes  the  chances 
of  success  for  the  landing.  Continuous 
receipt  and  transmission  of  data  to  the 
network  allows  other  units  to  quickly 
provide  support  and  adapt  to  changes. 


"The  information  revolution  has  fundamentally  changed 
the  nature  of  naval  warfare.  The  battlefield  of  the  21st 
century  will  be  one  in  which  the  force  with  mastery  of  the 
information  spectrum  will  prevail,  making  information 
superiority  critical  to  our  warfighting  success." 

Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 

F/A-18  Hornets  receive  imagery  of 
target  areas  from  the  network. 
Pilots  are  provided  with  real-time 
information  on  threats  and  targets. 

USS  Saipan  (LHA  2) 

Local  Ops,  Western  Atlantic 

USS  Dwight  D.  Eisenhower  (CVN  69) 
Local  Ops,  Western  Atlantic 

USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74) 
Local  Ops,  Western  Atlantic 

USS  Essex  (LHD  2) 

Local  Ops,  Eastern  Pacific 

USS  Bataan  (LHD  5) 

Local  Ops,  Western  Atlantic 

Counter  Drug  Operations 
Caribbean  & Eastern  Pacific 

West  African  Training  Cruise 
South  Atlantic 

Total  Ships:  347 

Ships  Underway:  180  (52%) 

Ships  Deployed:  107 

Total  Personnel:  610,356 

Active  Duty:  390,069 

Reserve:  220,287 

8 Exercises/Operations  ongoing 
Port  Visits  to  13  countries 

Note:  As  of  Nov.  17,  1997 

USS  Guam  (LPH  9)/24th  MEU(SOC) 
Exercise  Nobile  Shirley  97-2 
Mediterranean  Sea 

USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68)/Air  Wing  9 
Operation  Southern  Watch 
L Arabian  Gulf 

USS  Independence  (CV  62)/Air  Wing  5 
Inport  Yokosuka/Atsugi,  Japan 

Maritime  Interception  Operations 
Arabian  Gulf 

Exercise  Neon  Falcon  ‘98 
Arabian  Gulf 

USS  Belleau  Wood  (LHA  3) 
Port  Visit  Okinawa 

USS  Peleliu  (LHA  5)/l 3th  MEU(SOC) 
Ops,  Arabian  Sea 

USS  George  Washington  (CVN  7 3 )/ Air  Wing  1 
In  transit  to  Arabian  Gulf 

Carrier  Battle  Group 
LHAs,  LHDs  and  LPHs 


Guided-missile  cruisers 

JANUARY  1998 


WM-  % 

The  Fleet  is  heading  into  the  21st  century 
with  a vision  of  highly  trained  Sailors  operating 
some  of  the  most  advanced  technology  imagin- 
able. You  can  be  part  of  that  vision.  We  want 
men  and  women  who  are  not  afraid  of  new 
challenges  to  continue  serving  their  country. 
Education,  adventure  and  experience  are  as 
close  as  a visit  to  your  Command  Career  Infor- 
mation Team  or  a call  to  1-800-FOR-NAVY. 

See  how  far  your  career  can  take  you.  Meet 
with  a member  of  the  Team  today. 

Let  the  journey  continue 


Navy  Wab  Silas 


RY  1998 

2 Clearing  the  Scuttlebutt 

The  Chief  of  Naval  Operations  Admiral  Jay  L. 
Johnson  talks  about  tomorrow’s  Navy  and  how  it 
affects  you. 

6 Moving  up  the  Ladder 

The  key  to  moving  up  in  the  Navy  is  understanding 
how  the  advancement  system  works,  so  find  out  how 
you  can  increase  your  chances. 

10  A Hero  of  the  Maine 

If  you  think  “Honor, 
Courage  and  Commit- 
ment” is  just  some  new 
catch  phrase,  then  the 
story  of  John  B.  Toad  is 
one  you  should  read. 

16  Preparing  our  leaders 

Enlisted  instructors  at  Surface  Warfare  Officer’s 
School  in  Newport  teach  hundreds  of  officers  each 
year  to  get  them  ready  for  the  fleet. 

Live  TV  & Radio  scores  big  with 
Fleet  Sailors 

Sailors  aboard  USS  Guam 
(LPH  9)  and  USS  Tarawa 
(LHA  1)  saw  the  Army- 
Navy  game  live  at  sea  and 
say  the  picture  was  “awe- 


Photo  by  LT  Scott  M.  Allen 

Dion-  n '°)D 

24  Heavy  Metal 

Giving  birth  to  95,000  tons 
of  diplomacy  is  no  easy  task, 
but  the  Navy’s  newest 
aircraft  carrier  Harry  S. 
Truman  (CVN  Z5)-is  about 
to  join  the  fleet.  Find 
what  goes  intb  making  th'kf 
giant  jigsaw  puzzle.  ” ^ 

40  CyberSailor 
42  Eye  on  the  Fleet 
44  Around  the  Fleet 

46  Charthouse 
48  Shipmates 

30  Movie  Call  Bel 

“Movie  Call”  will  never  be  the  sarhfe  with  the  Navy’s 
new  Cinema  at  Sea  program  thatputs  wide-screen  ,/ 
systems  on  board  ships. 

32  Boomer  Life:  hiding  with  pride 
Go  aboard  USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737)  and  find  out 
why  life  aboard  a fleet  ballistic  submarine  is  all  about 
being  quiet  and  remaining  undetected. 

On  the  Cover 

This  month’s  front  cover, 
illustrated  by  DM  1 Eric  Murry 
assigned  to  Navy  Art  Gallery, 
Washington,  D.C.,  salutes 
African-American  Sailors 
serving  around  the  world. 

36  YMCA  knows  how  to  have  fun 

The  Armed  Services  YMCA  offers  a variety  of  free-to 
low  cost  programs  to  Sailors  and  their  families. 

On  Line 
Check  us  out  at ... 

New  “Eye onthe Fleet 

Photo  by  PH3  Joseph  Hendricks 

Responses  from  Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
on  issues  most  important  to  you. 


What  are  your  thoughts  about  pay  and 
compensation  as  we  head  into  the  New  Year? 

'■  ' We're  making  some  really  good  strides. 

The  latest  defense  authorization  bill,  for  instance, 
has  the  2.8%  pay  raise  in  it  which  went  into  effect 
Jan.  1st.  Is  that  enough?  Is  that  what  Sailors  de- 
serve? Probably  not.  But  the  truth  of  it  is,  by  law, 
that's  as  much  as  we're  able  to  get.  So  we  were 
supported  to  the  maximum  extent  of  the  law. 

BAQ  and  VHA  have  been  combined  into  one 
allowance  for  housing.  The  net  result  is  it's  going  to 
be  more  accurate  and  more  responsive,  and  I think 
it's  going  to  mean  the  right  people  are  going  to  get 
the  right  amount  of  money  for  housing  allowances. 



if  _ j£  ^10 


Straight  Talk 

it  ll  /ttk.  II  ll 


Naval  Operations 

We  haven't  updated  the  flight  pay  program  for 
almost  10  years.  It's  being  updated  starting  this  new 
year.  And  the  same  goes  for  some  of  the  other 
special  skills. 

I use  those  as  just  a few  examples  to  tell  you  there 
is  a lot  going  on  in  the  compensation  support  and  in 
the  quality  of  life  support  for  all  of  us.  Sailors 
should  take  comfort  in  that  and  feel  good  about  it. 
It's  a commitment  I never  lose  sight  of. 

Are  there  any  other  compensation  issues 
you  are  working  on? 

Yes.  You  might  have  heard  talk  about  the 
proposed  Thrift  Savings  Plan.  I support  TSP  as  a 
tool  to  help  our  military  families  plan  for  their 
futures.  Some  say  it  would  threaten  our  military 
retirement  benefit  package.  To  the  contrary,  I believe 
it  strengthens  it.  We  really  need  to  look  at  this 
proposal  separately  from  the  current  retirement 



benefit  because  TSP  is  an  investment  vehicle  — a 
transportable,  tax-deferred  method  of  capital  appre- 
ciation which  would  put  our  people  on  par  with 
other  federal  employees  who  enjoy  both  a retire- 
ment plan  and  a savings  plan.  TSP  is  a great  idea, 
and  I'm  working  hard  to  see  it  implemented.  We 
hope  our  efforts  are  successful  because  TSP  would 
be  an  excellent  means  to  help  in  retaining  our  best 


What  about  the  size  of  the  force  in  terms 
of  people  and  ships? 


/ S ) S We  are  reshaping  the  Navy.  We  have 
390,000  active-duty  personnel  today  — the  glide 
slope  we're  coming  down  is  going  to  take  us  to 
about  369,000  to  370,000  in  the  force  by  the  year 
2003  — that's  OK  — that's  the  right  size  for  us.  The 
Reserve  Force  is  going  to  come  down  to  about 
90,000.  The  civilians  are  coming  down  by  about 
8,500  right  now.  I'm  okay  with  that. 

The  number  of  surface  combatants  is  coming 
down  by  about  16  or  17  more  ships.  The  number  of 
attack  submarines  is  coming  down  by  about  22  more 
ships,  but  what  you'll  see  on  the  other  end  of  all 
that  is,  what  I would  call  a more  meaner,  leaner 
Navy.  It's  a Navy  that  can  do  its  job  and  still  live 
within  its  means.  That  way  we  don't  get  to  the 
middle  of  the  year  each  year,  and  have  them  send 
you  a message  that  says,  'Stop  all  moves,  we're  out 
of  PCS  money.  The  manpower  account  is  empty  — 
we've  got  to  wait  till  we  get  money  mid-year.' 

We're  doing  our  level  best  to  get  out  of  that 
business  so  that  when  we  start  the  year  we  know 
how  much  money  we  have  and  we  spend  that 
money  throughout  the  year  and  we  don't  do  the  hip 
hop.  We're  very  serious  about  making  that  work. 
Living  within  our  means  — it's  extremely  impor- 

Do  you  anticipate  improvements  in 
advancement  numbers? 

Advancements  are  too  slow  and  too  low. 
We  know  that,  but  I would  tell  you  and  ask  you  to 
make  sure  that  we  all  keep  it  in  perspective.  When 
you're  coming  down  in  size  and  retention  is  good, 
as  it  is  right  now,  and  we  all  make  a commitment 
that  we're  going  to  keep  the  faith  with  the  career 
force  and  that  we're  not  going  to  RIF  anybody,  then 
we  all  have  to  accept  a slowdown  in  advancement 
until  we  get  stabilized  at  the  bottom  of  that  glide 
slope.  Why  am  I saying  that?  I'm  asking  Sailors  to 
take  a longer  view  of  where  we  are  headed  in  the 
context  of  advancements.  Once  we  get  through  this 
reshaping,  the  numbers  will  come  up.  It's  totally 
predictable  and  it  will  happen.  So,  if  you're  frustrat- 
ed because  you  know  you  deserve  to  be  advanced, 
keep  trying.  It  will  come. 

With  what  seems  like  increasing  commit- 
ments in  a downsizing  environment,  will  we  be 
seeing  longer  deployments? 

No.  I'm  absolutely  committed  to  holding 
the  line  on  our  six-month  deployments.  I would  tell 
you  that  for  us,  OPTEMPO  and  PERSTEMPO  right 
now  are  OK.  Why  do  I say  that?  I say  it  because  the 
only  one  who  can  waive  our  PERSTEMPO  policy  is 
the  CNO.  So  I have  full  visibility  on  the  issue.  We 
are  not  going  back  to  the  days  of  nine  month  de- 
ployments with  short  turnaround  periods.  We 
learned  some  very  painful  lessons  about  retention 



when  we  did.  There  was  a time  when  we  prided 
ourselves  on  nine-month  deployments,  coming 
home  for  five  months  and  then  doing  another.  Next 
time  you  look  at  going  for  another  nine  months, 
you're  the  only  one  standing  there.  Everyone  else  is 
gone.  That's  why  we  have  a policy  of  six-month 
portal-to-portal  deployments,  a two-to-one  turn- 
around ratio  and  a minimum  50  percent  time  in 
home  port  during  a five-year  period  — looking  back 
three  years  and  ahead  two.  So  we  watch  OPTEMPO 
and  PERSTEMPO  very  closely.  Our  tip  of  the  spear 
readiness  is  as  good  as  it  has  ever  been.  Our  focus  of 
effort  today  is  on  the  nondeployed  side  of  our  lives. 
That's  where  the  wheels  could  come  off  the  trolley  if 
we're  not  smart  about  it.  I want  to  make  sure  that 
we  aren't  going  TAD  too  much  — in  some  cases  we 
are.  I want  to  look  at  working  harder  to  balance  the 
need  to  work-up  for  the  next  deployment  with  the 
opportunity  for  Sailors  to  spend  quality  time  in 
home  port. 


What  is  one  major  item  on  your  agenda 
that  you'd  like  to  share  ivith  Sailors? 

I'd  like  all  of  us  to  think  about  innova- 
tion in  the  Navy.  We're  putting  ourselves  in  the 
innovation  business.  I believe  we  need  to  work  hard 
on  capturing  the  technology  race  that's  all  around 
us.  We  can  do  it  operationally,  organizationally  and 
we  can  do  it  with  the  actual  applications  of  the 
technology.  We're  working  real  hard  to  do  that. 

We're  making  incredible  investments  in  technology 
and  in  innovation.  We're  reorganizing  the  Navy's 
doctrine,  innovation  and  strategy  organization. 

What  I'm  really  trying  to  tell  you  is  we're  going  to 
try  to  realign  ourselves  organizationally  in  such  a 
way  that  we  can  capture  innovation  in  very  pro- 
found ways  and  apply  it  back  into  everything  we  do 
in  the  Navy.  That's  not  something  the  CNO's  going 

to  do,  that's  something  Sailors  are  going  to  do. 
Everybody  is  going  to  be  able  to  make  an  input. 
That's  important  for  our  future. 

^ Some  people  say  you  can't  make  a mis- 
take  anymore,  that  it  affects  your  career 
too  much.  What's  your  view  as  the  CNO? 

A I hear  a lot  about  the  business  of  "zero 
defects",  that  if  you  make  one  mistake 
you're  out  of  here.  Here's  what  zero  defects  means 
to  me:  In  parts  of  our  lives,  zero  defects  is  the  only 
way  to  go.  As  a fighter  pilot,  I spent  a lot  of  time  on 
flight  decks  of  aircraft  carriers.  The  flight  deck  of  an 
aircraft  carrier  at  sea  is  a zero-defect  environment. 
You  make  a mistake  and  somebody  can  die.  The 
business  of  laws,  criminal  laws,  moral  laws  — that's 
zero-defect  stuff  — no  compromise.  Put  those  aside 
for  a moment.  In  everything  else  we  do,  the  rest  of 
our  lives,  we  have  to  accept  the  reality  that  none  of 
us  is  perfect.  We're  all  going  to  make  mistakes,  we 
all  have  made  them  and  we'll  continue  to  make 
them.  The  key  to  that  is  understanding  reality  No.  1, 
and  No.  2 — learning  from  those  mistakes  and  then 
getting  on  with  it.  It's  much  easier  to  say  than  to  do. 

I have  to  be  careful  when  I say  that  because 
people  forget  the  first  part  of  what  I said.  Don't 
forget  the  part  where  zero  defects  is  the  only  place 
to  go.  But  for  the  rest  of  it,  you've  got  to  be  real 
with  each  other.  That's  what  'zero  defects'  mean  to 

► ADM  Johnson,  talks  with  Airman  Alan  Milan, 
from  Ft.  Lauderdale,  Fla,  during  a brief  visit  to 
the  Persian  Gulf  region  Christmas  Day,  1997. 
George  Washington  and  Carrier  Air  Wing  One 
are  operating  in  the  Persian  Gulf  to  enforce  UN 
sanctions  against  Iraq,  under  Operation 
Southern  Watch. 



hand,  and  you  can  produce.  That's  what  it  is  all 
about.  I would  ask  each  of  you  to  do  everything  you 
can  to  create  that  atmosphere, 
wherever  you  are,  dignity,  respect, 
trust,  confidence,  friendship  — you 
get  the  idea,  i 

reatest  navy  in  the  world, 
down.  Operationally,  no  one  can  touch 

“Right  now,  I have  huge  confidence  in  the  leadership  of  the 
Navy  and  1 have  great  hope  for  the  future.  We’ve  done  some 
pretty  profound  things.  One  is,  we’re  taking  a different 
approach,  in  some  respects,  to  the  recruits  we  bring  into  the 
Navy. ...  We  get  recruits  in  the  door  and  we’re  working  very 
hard  to  instill  pride  in  them  instead  of  fear.” 

“What  I’m  asking  Sailors  to  do  in  simple  terms  is  to  take 
better  care  of  each  other.  Invest  in  each  other  within  the 
chain  of  command  in  very  positive  ways  and  I'm  convinced 
we’ll  be  a stronger  Navy  for  it.” 

“Every  Sailor  should  take  pride  in  what  he  or  she  is  doing 
well,  if  not  better,  than  they  did  before.  We  should  alt  take 
pride  in  that." 

What  advice  do  you  have  for 
Sailors  to  help  them  reach  their 
full  potential? 

\ I would  ask  each  of  you  to  make 
sure  that  wherever  you  are, 
wherever  you  work  - — it's  bigger  than  work 
really,  it's  24  hours  a day  — to  do  every- 
thing in  your  power  to  create  an  atmosphere 
or  an  environment  of  dignity,  trust,  respect, 
confidence  and  caring.  It's  golden  rule  stuff. 
Set  an  environment  around  you  in  which 
you'd  like  to  operate,  that  you'd  be  comfort- 
able with  no  hassles,  no  discrimination — 
you  get  the  idea.  Each  of  us  can  directly 
influence  that  and  we  must. 

I'm  saying  this  because  if  we  can  do  that, 
and  no  matter  where  you  are  turns  out  to  be 
good  for  you,  it's  good  for  the  people 
around  you,  and  it's  good  for  the  Navy  too 
because  it  allows  each  of  us  the  opportunity 
to  reach  our  own  full  productivity  because 
we're  not  worried  about  this  or  that.  You  can 
focus  on  what  you're  doing,  the  task  at 







T1  M’oving  up  the  Navy  advancement 
/ 1 /m  ladder  means  increased  responsibili- 
jL  \ .A.  ty,  greater  prestige  and  more  pay. 
Any  Sailor  who  has  spent  his  or  her  career 
successfully  climbing  the  advancement  ladder 
knows  there  is  no  real  secret  to  making  rank. 
The  key  to  moving  up  in  the  Navy  is  simply 
understanding  how  the  advancement  system 
works , meeting  set  requirements  on  time  and 
scoring  well  on  the  Navy  wide  exams. 

The  next  few  pages  can  help  you  understand 
the  system. 

Beginning  March  1998,  BIBs  will  be 
available  only  in  electronic  format 
and  will  be  posted  (issued)  three 
times  a year.  The  E-4/E-5/E-6  BIBs 
will  continue  to  be  posted  in  March 
and  September;  the  E-7  BIBs  will  be 
posted  in  July 

BIBs  posted  in  March  will  be  for 
active-duty  E-4/5/6  September 
exams  and  for  Selective  Reserve  E-4/ 
5/6  February  exams. 

BIBs  posted  in  July  will  be  for 
active-duty  E-7  January  exams  and 
for  Selective  Reserve  E-7  February 
exams  (for  the  following  year.)  For 
example:  BIBs  issued  for  active-duty 
E-7  in  1998  will  be  used  for  Selective 
Reserve  E-7  exams  in  1999.) 

BIBs  posted  in  September  will  be 
for  active-duty  E-4/5/ 6 March  exams 
and  for  Selective  Reserve  E-4/5/ 6 
August  exams. 

How  to  Obtain  BIBs 

BIBs  are  issued  only  in  electronic 
format  from  the  following  sources:— 



Know  the  system, 
be  prepared 

The  surest  way  to  get  advanced  is 
by  being  prepared.  Pay  close  atten- 
tion to  the  mandatory  courses,  such 
as  Basic  Military  Requirements  and 
rate  training  courses.  Be  sure  you 
satisfy  the  time  in  rate  requirements. 

Visit  your  Educational  Services 
Office  (ESO)  and  get  a copy  of  the 
latest  Bibliography  (BIB)  for  Ad- 
vancement-in-rate Exam  Study  and 
Personnel  Advancement  Require- 
ments (PARS). 

Bibliography  (BIB)  for 
Exam  Study 

BIBs  are  developed  by  exam 
writers  (chief  petty  officers)  to  help 
Sailors  study  for  the  advancement-in- 
rate examination.  BIBs  are  a list  of 
references  that  include  training 
courses  (TRAMANS/NRTCs), 
instructions,  technical  manuals, 
guides  and  other  publications  com- 
monly used  in  a rating. 



to  climb  the  ladder 

— NETPDTC  Homepage  at:  http:/ netpdtc/htm 

--  To  go  directly  to  BIBs:  http:/ / netpdtc/nac/ 
bibs/bibs,  htm 

— NETPDTC  Bulletin  Board  — 
DSN  922-1394/1820  or  commercial 
(304)  452-1394/1820 

— BUPERS  Access  Bulletin  Board 
— DSN  224-8070  or  commercial  (800) 
346-0217/0218/0227  or  (703)  614- 

— SALTS  (Streamlined  Automated 
Logistics  Transmission  System)  — For 
information  on  how  to  access  SALTS 
see  your  supply  department,  or  call 
DSN  442-1112  or  commercial  (215) 

Personnel  Advancement 
Requirements  (PARs) 

PARs  are  skills  and  abilities  that 
can  best  be  demonstrated  by  actual 

performance.  Completion  of  PARs  is 
mandatory  for  advancement.  PARs 
are  developed  by  the  same  chief  petty 
officers  who  develop  BIBs 

How  to  obtain  PARs 

PARs  are  now  available  from  the 
same  electronic  sources  as  BIBs  and 
can  also  be  ordered  through  the 
supply  system.  Starting  in  January 
1999,  PARs  will  only  be  available  in 
an  electronic  format. 

For  more  information  on  the 
availability  of  BIBs  and  PARs,  contact 

--  Phone:  DSN  922-1328  or  com- 
mercial (904)  452-1328 

--  FAX  : DSN  922-1819  or  commer- 
cial (904)  452-1819 

— e-mail: 


Study  early,  study  often 

Being  a top  pro  at  your  job  will 
always  help  you  in  advancement. 
Your  performance  evaluations  factor 
into  the  advancement  equation.  But, 
having  top-notch  skills  is  not  enough 
if  you  don't  score  well  on  the  Navy- 
wide advancement  exam. 

Twice  a year,  candidates  for  E-4 
through  E-6  participate  in  exams  on 
their  rating  knowledge.  E-7  candi- 
dates take  the  tests  annually,  usually 
in  January.  "The  Back  Page"  of  Link 
magazine  lists  the  dates  for  the 
upcoming  advancement  cycles. 

If  you  have  an  up-to-date  copy  of 
your  BIB,  you  have  a complete  guide 
to  the  material  included  on  the  test. 
The  three-hour  exams  are  based 
strictly  upon  the  sources  listed  in  the 

There  are  no  tricks  or  secrets  to 
taking  the  exam  - you  must  know 
your  subject  to  score  well.  Here  are 
some  tips  on  studying: 

* Start  early.  Advancement  exams 
cover  all  areas  of  the  technical 
knowledge  expected  of  a petty  officer 
of  the  next  senior  rank.  Waiting  until 
the  last  minute,  then  trying  to  cram 
everything  into  a few  marathon 
sessions  increases  your  personal 
stress  levels  and  sets  you  up  for 
failure.  The  best  time  to  start  is  as 
soon  as  you  tack  on  your  current 

* Plan  to  win.  A good  study  plan 
can  help  you  organize  your  subjects, 
get  reference  sources,  ask  questions 
about  difficult  information  and  pace 
yourself  until  the  exam  date. 

* Make  time.  Make  studying  a 

YN3  Chad  Johnson  of  Richmond,  Ind., 
positions  a record  in  a projector  for 
viewing  by  a board  at  BUPERS. 



U S.  Navv  Dhoto 

part  of  your  lifestyle.  Put  aside  set 
times  regularly  - daily  is  great,  every 
other  day  works  well  for  some  - and 
stick  to  it.  Try  studying  three  days  a 
week  during  your  lunch  break  or 
after  dinner  every  night.  Hour  long 
sessions  are  best,  but  don't  give  up  if 
your  schedule  sometimes  cuts  your 
time  in  half  - if  you  only  get  through 
five  questions  in  your  rate  training 
course,  you  are  still  five  answers 
ahead  of  where  you  would've  been  if 
you  had  skipped  the  session. 

* Teamwork  works.  Get  a study 
partner  or  start  a study  group.  You 
can  meet  almost  anywhere  - a mess 
decks,  library,  berthing  compartment 
or  BEQ  room.  Sharing  knowledge 
and  experiences  can  level  out  the 
sometimes  bumpy  playing  field  of 
complex  rating  subjects,  especially  if 
it's  an  area  you  haven't  had  a chance 
to  work  in  hands-on. 

The  exam:  Pace  yourself 

Every  mess-deck  lawyer  can  give 
you  the  inside  scoop  on  taking  the 
test  - but  it  is  all  worthless  advice. 
Answers  do  not  conform  to  any 
certain  pattern.  Secret  codes  are  not 
written  into  the  questions.  "All  of  the 

above"  is  not  always  the  correct 
answer.  Exams  are  not  designed 
to  test  minimum  information 
required  for  proper  perfor- 
mance. Beyond  studying, 
however,  there  are  a few  things 
that  can  help: 

* Get  some  rest.  You  have 
already  done  the  hard  part  if 
you  started  with  a good  study 
plan  and  stuck  with  it.  Take  off 
the  night  before  the  exam.  Go 
out  for  dinner,  if  possible.  Relax 
with  your  family  or  friends. 

Take  a walk  or  hit  the  gym  for  a 
moderate  workout.  And,  get  a 
good  night's  sleep. 

* Pace  yourself.  You  have 
three  hours  to  take  the  exam. 
Start  by  reading  all  the  ques- 
tions and  answers.  Go  back  and 
mark  the  answers  on  those  you 
know.  Remember,  your  first 
choice  is  usually  the  best  choice. 
If  you  really  don't  know  the 

answer,  move  on  to  the  next  question. 
Don't  try  to  talk  yourself  out  of  a 
good  answer.  Go  back  and  review  the 
tougher  questions.  If  you  still  aren't 
sure,  take  an  educated  guess  rather 
than  leaving  the  answer  blank.  You 
aren't  graded  by  the  number  of 
wrong  answers,  but  on  the  number  of 
correct  responses. 

Exam  scoring 

Commands  send  answer  sheets  by 
registered  mail  to  the  Naval  Educa- 
tion and  Training  Professional 
Development  and  Technology  Center 
(NETPDTC)  in  Pensacola,  Fla.,  where 
they  are  scanned  and  scored. 

Number  crunching 

The  Bureau  of  Naval  Personnel 
sets  advancement  quotas,  which  are 
vacancy  driven.  Advancement 
numbers  involve  many  factors,  such 
as  current  manning,  future  of  the 
rating  (in  the  case  of  disestablish- 
ments or  mergers),  how  many  Sailors 
in  the  rating  have  retired  or  left  the 
service  and  the  future  needs  of  the 
Navy.  The  bottom  line  is  you  can't  get 
advanced  unless  there  is  a slot  open 
in  your  rating. 

The  number  of  advancement  slots 
is  passed  to  NETPDTC.  That  number 
of  qualified  E-4  through  E-6  candi- 
dates is  then  advanced.  Boards 
annually  select  for  advancement  to  E- 
7 from  the  pool  of  candidates  who 
passed  the  exam.  Advancement 
usually  gets  tougher  at  higher  pay 
grades  because  of  keener  competition 
for  fewer  openings. 

Feedback  from  the  exam 

After  the  list  of  candidates  selected 
to  advance  is  complete,  NETPDTC 
sends  results  to  members  in  the  form 
of  examination  profiles.  The  profiles 
include  the  candidate's  final  multiple 
score  (FMS),  its  standard  score  and 
advancement  status.  Also,  the  profile 
shows  the  Sailor's  relative  standing 
with  all  other  Sailors  in  their  rate  in 
each  of  the  subject-matter  sections  of 
the  exam. 

There  are  several  myths  surround- 
ing the  profile  information  form. 
Understanding  the  facts  (and  disre- 
garding the  myths)  will  help  examina- 
tion candidates  better  prepare  for 
future  advancement  examinations. 

Myth  1:  "The  profile  form  tells 
candidates  how  many  questions  they 
answered  correctly  in  each  examination 

Not  True:  The  profile  form  only 
tells  candidates  how  well  they  did  in 
each  examination  section  in  relation  to 
their  peers.  For  example:  A rating  of 
superior  indicates  a candidate  was  in 
the  top  10  percent  of  the  candidates 
taking  this  section  — not  how  many 
questions  were  answered  correctly.  A 
superior  standing  simply  tells  candi- 
dates that  they  answered  more 
questions  correctly  than  their  peers 
who  were  rated  below  superior. 

Myth  2:  " The  profile  form  tells 
candidates  what  they  should  study  for  the 
next  exam. 

Not  True:  The  profile  form  only 
reflects  how  well  candidates  per- 
formed, in  relation  to  their  peers,  this 
exam.  The  next  examination  will  not 
have  the  same  questions  and  candi- 



dates  will  not  be  competing  with  the 
same  set  of  peers.  There  are  no  short- 
cuts! For  the  next  exam,  candidates 
should  always  study  the  references 
listed  in  the  bibliography  developed 
for  their  advancement-in-rate  exam. 

Mi/th  3:  "Profile  forms  may  be  used  as 
a basis  for  training  programs. 

Not  True:  Because  of  the  reasons 
stated  in  myths  1 and  2.  There  are  no 
shortcuts.  A training  program  that 
covers  the  entire  bibliography  will 
produce  the  best  results. 

The  FMS:  Making  the  cut 

The  standard  score  from  the  exam 
is  factored  into  the  final  multiple 
score  (FMS). 

The  FMS  shows  who  makes  the  cut 
and  is  ultimately  advanced  or  be- 
comes selection  board  eligible. 

The  FMS  is  compiled  for  E-4s,  E-5s 
and  E-6s  by  factoring  the  test  score, 
time  in  service,  performance  mark 
averages,  time  in  rate,  awards  and 
passed  not  advanced  (PNA)  points 
(see  the  chart). 

Sailors  competing  for  E-4  through 
E-6  in  each  rating  are  ranked  accord- 
ing to  their  FMS  - the  highest  FMS  is 
at  the  top,  followed  by  the  others  in 
descending  order  to  the  last  person 
with  the  lowest  FMS. 

Advancement  quotas  are  matched 
to  the  ranking.  Sailors  are  advanced 
starting  with  those  holding  the 
highest  FMS  and  working  down  until 
openings  are  filled. 

For  E-7  candidates,  the  FMS 
determines  who  is  selection  board 
eligible.  Their  FMS  includes  only 
standard  score  and  performance 

Chiefs  picked  by 
selection  boards 

Candidates  for  chief  petty  officer 
become  selection  board  eligible  if 
their  FMS  makes  the  grade.  Board 
members  review  their  records  and 
select  the  best  possible  Sailors  to  fill 
vacancies  in  each  rating. 

Selection  boards  review  senior 
chief  and  master  chief  candidates  as 

well.  Candidates  must  be  recom 
mended  by  their  commanding 
officers  and  must  meet  all  other 
qualifications,  such  as  required 
correspondence  courses, 
time  in  rate,  etc. 

E-7  through  E-9 
selection  boards 
convene  annually. 

"The  Back  Page"  of 
Link  lists  board 

An  equal 
to  compete 

There  are  no 
guarantees  that 
meeting  all  require- 
ments will  result  in 
a Sailor  being 

The  Navy  system 
guarantees  each 
Navy  man  or 
woman  an  equal 
opportunity  to 
compete  for  vacan- 
cies. $ 

Advancement  Checklist 

□ Study,  study,  study. 

□ Demonstrate  leadership,  military  and 
professional  knowledge. 

□ Ensure  performance  evals  reflect  your 
strengths  and  achievements. 

□ Meet  all  requirements,  such  as  time  in 
rate  and  mandatory  correspondence 

□ Successfully  complete  service  schools, 
as  required. 

□ Get  your  commanding  officer’s  recom-| 

□ Meet  all  physical  readiness  standards 
outlined  in  OPNAVINST  61 10.1  C. 

ComputingYour  Final  Multiple 

Exam  E-4,  E-5  Max.  E-6  Max.  E-7  Max 

Factor  Paygrade  Computation  Points (%)  Points  (%)  Points  (%) 

Standard  Score 

E-4  to  E-7 

Indicated  on 
Exam  Profile 



80  (60%) 



E-4,  E-5, 



PMA  x 50  -130 
PMA  x 50  -108 
PMAx 13 



52  (40%) 

Length  of  Service 

E-4,  E-5, 





Service  in  Pay 
Grade  (SIPG) 

E-4,  E-5, 

2 x SIPG  + 15 
2 x SIPG  + 19 




E-4,  E-5, 

Values  Listed 
in  Para.  418 



PNA  Points 

E-4,  E-5, 

As  Indicated 
on  Past  Profile 



Max.  FMS  230(100%)  264(100%)  132(100%) 





e thought  he 
was  going  to  die . 

It  was  just  that  simple. 
Pinned  by  wreckage  in  a 
rapidly  flooding 
compartment  below  the 
main  deck  of  his  sinking 
ship , the  young  petty 
officer  turned  to  his 
mates  and  said  good- 
bye. No  one  will  ever 
know  for  sure , but  he 

" “"I,.' 

probably  hoped  it  would 

all  be  over  quickly. 

“Remember  the  Maine 

Story  by  LCDR  John  Kirby, 
painting  by  SN  Michael  Noeth 




41  <>  Y 

. \ i 

100th  Annivers^w>,; 

Pulling  the  Load 

Otf  yiero  of  the  yiCaine 

Maine  (BB  2),  a second- 
class  armored  battle- 
ship, was  laid  down  at 
the  New  York  Navy  Yard 
Oct.  17,  1888.  Here,  she 
is  depicted  just  four 
hours  prior  to  the  huge 
explosion  that  ruptured 
the  forward  part  of  the 

But  fate  had  another  plan  for  Master-at-Arms 
3rd  Class  John  B.  Load,  of  London.  He 
would  not  perish.  Not  only  did  he  live  to  tell 
the  tale  of  the  infamous  explosion  aboard  the  battle- 
ship Maine  (BB  2),  he  managed  to  save  numerous 
other  lives  before  jumping  into  the  murky  waters  of 
Havana  Harbor,  Cuba.  Maine  sank  beneath  his  feet 
Feb.  15, 1898.  If  you  think  "Honor,  Courage  and 
Commitment"  is  just  some  new  catch  phrase,  then 
the  story  of  John  B.  Load  is  one  you  should  read. 
"The  atmosphere  was  heavy;  the  easterly  trade 

wind  had  fallen  flat.  Occasionally,  I heard  the  sound 
of  a passing  ferry  boat.  Otherwise,  the  harbor  was 
very  quiet."  That  was  how  CAPT  Charles  D.  Sigsbee, 
commanding  officer  of  USS  Maine,  later  described 
that  fateful  Tuesday  evening. 

His  ship  lay  at  anchor  in  Havana,  Cuba,  after 
arriving  Jan.  25, 1898.  It  was  sent  there  to  protect 
American  lives  and  property  during  the  Cuban 
revolt  against  Spanish  rule,  but  the  ultimate  purpose 
Maine  would  serve  was  to  catapult  the  country  into 
war  with  Spain. 



Photo  courtesy  of  U.S.  Navy  Historical  Center 

Around  9:30  p.m.  that  night,  as  Sigsbee  himself 
was  putting  the  finishing  touches  to  a letter  he  had 
been  writing.  Petty  Officer  Load  was  preparing  to 
turn  in  for  the  evening.  After  a brief  conversation 
with  the  duty  Master-at-Arms,  Load  proceeded  to 
his  hammock,  slung  outside  the  armory  door  under- 
neath the  middle  superstructure.  He  removed  his 
shirt  and  looked  around  at  his  sleeping  mates.  Ten 

minutes  later,  their  slumber  and  the  quiet  of  the 
evening  would  be  shattered  by  an  enormous  explo- 
sion and  the  screams  of  dying  men. 

At  exactly  9:40  p.m.,  standing  by  the  armory  door, 
Load  saw  what  he  later  described  as  "a  red  flame 
outside  the  ship.  It  seemed  as  if  ...  a small  boat  had 
struck  the  ship  at  first.  She  seemed  to  tremble,  and 
then  the  whole  deck  where  I was  standing  seemed  to 

View  of  the  battleship’s  wreckage  in  Havana’s  harbor,  Cuba,  in  1898. 

12  “Remember  the  Maine”  100th  Anniverary  allhands 

Photo  courtesy  of  U S.  Navy  Historical  Center 

Master-at-Arms  3rd  Class  John  B.  Load  shown  here  (row  3,  far  right)  among  the  crew  of  the  battleship  Maine  prior  to  the  fateful  day 
of  the  infamous  explosion. 

open,  and  there  was  a flash  of  flame  came  up.  It  was 
as  if  someone  had  taken  a revolver  and  fired  it  close 
to  your  face,"  he  recalled.  Having  been  raised  on  a 
farm.  Load  likened  the  terrible  noise  to  that  of  a 
wagon  with  a lot  of  iron  being  dumped  into  a hole. 

The  next  thing  he  knew  he  was  somewhere 
beneath  the  main  deck,  trapped  in  a flooding  com- 
partment. The  explosion  must  have  sent  him  sprawl- 
ing into  an  open  hatch.  However  it  happened,  he 
knew  Maine  was  sinking.  Around  him  he  could  hear 
the  voices  of  other  men:  Gunner's  Mate  3rd  Class 
James  Williams,  Landsmen  Joseph  H.  Kane  and 
Marine  Private  William  McGuiness.  They,  too,  were 
pinned  down  by  debris  and  couldn't  get  out. 

Initially,  Load  believed  that  a boiler  blew  up, 
because  the  water  was  so  hot  and  the  smoke  was  so 
thick.  He  wasn't  sure  whether  they  would  drown 
first  or  suffocate  to  death.  "It  felt  as  if  cotton  were  in 

our  mouths,"  he  said.  Coughing  violently,  the  four 
men  drank  the  filthy  harbor  water  for  relief.  It  was 
then  that  Load  turned  to  Kane  and  told  him  he  had 
given  up  hope.  As  Kane  confessed  similar  feelings,  a 
second  explosion  rocked  the  ship.  This  one  freed 
them  from  the  wreckage,  and  all  four  managed  to 
escape  through  an  opening  to  the  port  side  of  the 
upper  superstructure. 

Reaching  the  main  deck.  Load  noticed  that  the 
awning  was  on  fire  with  several  injured  men  laying 
upon  it.  Over  the  groans  and  cries  for  help,  he  heard 
someone  call  his  name.  It  was  Ship's  Cook  1st  Class 
George  Schwartz,  a native  of  Germany.  Load  quick- 
ly threw  him  a line  and  pulled  him  to  safety.  Then 
he  did  the  same  for  Marine  Privates  Joseph  Lutz 
and  C.P.  Galpin,  as  well  as  two  or  three  other 

Maine  was  going  down  faster  now,  and 



Photo  courtesy  of  U.S.  Navy  Historical  Center 

“She  seemed  to  tremble, 
and  then  the  whole  deck 
where  I was  standing 
seemed  to  open,  and  a 
flash  of  flame  came  up.” 

— MA3  John  B.  Load 

Load  realized  the  need  to  get  the  injured  off.  A boat 
from  the  American  steamer  City  of  Washington 
attracted  his  attention,  and  he  called  to  it.  But  Naval 
Cadet  Amon  Bronson,  boat  officer  for  one  of  Maine's 
own  whaleboats,  intervened  and  offered  to  help. 
"Throw  me  your  painter!"  yelled  Load.  He  caught  it, 
made  it  fast  to  a nearby  cradle  and  used  it  to  lower 
several  men  into  the  water.  Lutz  then  called  to  him. 
"Give  me  some  help  here,"  he  shouted.  "There  are 
two  men  dying!"  Load  rushed  to  his  side  and 
helped  get  the  two  critically  hurt  Sailors  to  the  rail. 
Once  there,  they  simply  lowered  them  into  the 
water.  Given  the  extent  of  their  injuries,  there  was 
no  better  way.  Both  men.  Seaman  Andrew  Erikson 
and  Seaman  Carl  Smith,  would  die  in  a Havana 
hospital  three  days  later. 

Once  he  was  satisfied  that  he  could  do  no  more. 
Load  prepared  to  abandon  ship  himself.  While 
looking  for  a favorable  spot  from  which  to  jump,  he 
slipped  and  fell  into  the  churning  harbor.  He  was 
picked  up  shortly  thereafter  by  a Spanish  shore 
boat,  which  itself  had  rescued  two  other  Maine 

The  battleship  USS  Maine  went  down  with  more 
than  250  of  its  crew,  most  of  whom  were  killed  in 
the  initial  explosion.  Many  Americans  blamed  the 
sinking  on  Spanish  treachery,  although  there  was 
never  enough  evidence  to  prove  it.  A scant  two 
months  later,  spurred  by  the  public's  cry  to  "Re- 
member the  Maine,"  the  United  States  declared  war 
on  Spain.  It  was  a short  war,  but  one  which,  accord- 
ing to  historian  John  Edward  Weems,  marked  "the 
final  collapse  of  the  Spanish  Empire  and  the  emer- 
gence of  the  United  States  as  a world  power  ...  ."  To 
this  day,  no  one  really  knows  exactly  what  caused 

the  explosions,  but  common  belief  is  that  they 
resulted  from  the  spontaneous  combustion  of  coal 
stored  in  bunkers  adjacent  to  the  powder  magazine. 

Master-at-Arms  John  B.  Load,  having  resigned 
himself  to  death,  survived  one  of  the  worst  naval 
disasters  of  his  time  uninjured.  And,  although  little 
is  known  of  what  became  of  him  after  that  horrible 
winter's  night  in  Havana,  two  things  are  certain:  He 
became  an  authentic  American  hero,  risking  his  own 
life  for  those  of  his  shipmates,  and  he  proved  that 
even  100  years  ago.  Core  Values  like  Honor,  Cour- 
age and  Commitment  were  held  dear  by  proud 
American  Sailors,  t 

Kirby  is  the  head  of  still  media,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Washington,  D.C. 

Editor’s  Note:  Information  for  this  story  was  obtained  from  John 
Edward  Weems’  The  Fate  of  Maine  (Texas  A&M  University 
Press,  1 992)  and  A Ship  to  Remember:  Maine  and  the  Spanish 
American  War  (William  Morrow  and  Company,  1992)  by  Michael 

Maine  Memorial  is  located  in  Arlington  Cemetery,  Arlington,  Va. 

14  “Remember  the  Maine”  100th  Anniverary  all  hands 

Photo  by  PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Honor,  Courage,  Commitment 

African  American 
CPO  Survives 
Maine  disaster 

Story  by  LCDR  John  Kirby 

Another  noteworthy 

survivor  of  Maine  (BB  2) 
was  then-mess  attendant 
John  Henry  "Dick"  Turpin.  Turpin 
enlisted  in  the  Navy  Nov.  4, 1896, 
and  reported  to  Maine  shortly  after 
his  initial  training. 

He  had  been  sitting  near  the 
icebox  in  the  wardroom  pantry, 
talking  with  two  other  mess  atten- 
dants, when  the  first  explosion 
occurred.  He  immediately  headed 
topside  but  somehow  blundered 
into  the  messroom.  There  he  en- 
countered an  officer.  Lieutenant 
Friend  Jenkins.  Jenkins  asked 
Turpin  which  way  they  should  go, 
and  Turpin  replied  that  he  wasn't 
sure.  The  lieutenant  opted  to  go 
forward,  while  Turpin  waded 
through  chest-deep  water  aft  to 
where  he  thought  a ladder  might  be. 
"Then  the  whole  compartment  lit 
up,"  recalled  Turpin.  "The  whole 
compartment  where  the  torpedoes 
were  lit  right  up,  and  I saw  Mr. 
Jenkins  throw  up  both  hands  and 
fall,  right  by  the  steerage  pantry." 
Jenkins  was  dead. 

By  now  the  water  had  reached 
Turpin's  chin.  It  was  tough  to  make 
headway,  but  he  kept  struggling  aft. 
When  he  got  to  where  there  should 
have  been  a ladder,  it  was  gone. 
Made  of  wood,  it  had  probably 
floated  away.  Suddenly,  he  felt  a 
rope  touch  his  arm,  and  he  grabbed 

Chief  Gunner’s  Mate  John  Henry  “Dick”  Turpin  survived  two  shipboard  explo- 
sions during  his  30  years  in  the  Navy.  Turpin  retired  in  1925. 

at  it.  Within  seconds,  he  had  pulled 
himself  up  to  the  main  deck. 

Once  topside,  Turpin  climbed  a 
ladder  to  the  poop  deck  where  he 
met  Lieutenant  George  Holman. 
Holman,  believing  the  ship  to  be 
under  attack,  ordered  Turpin  below 
to  recover  some  cutlasses.  "Aye,  aye, 
sir,"  replied  the  mess  attendant,  and 
down  he  went.  He  didn't  get  very 
far.  Well  before  he  reached  the  after 
gun  room,  the  water  began  to  rise 
swiftly  around  his  head.  Somehow, 

Turpin  managed  to  reverse  course, 
get  topside  and  jump  overboard.  He 
was  picked  up  by  a rescue  boat 
minutes  later. 

Seven  years  later,  Dick  Turpin 
would  also  survive  an  explosion 
aboard  USS  Bennington.  In  1917,  he 
was  appointed  as  chief  gunner's  mate 
aboard  USS  Marblehead.  Turpin 
retired  Oct.  5, 1925,  after  almost  30 
years  of  naval  service.  £ 

Kirin/  is  the  head  of  still  media,  Naval 
Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 



Photo  courtesy  of  U.S.  Navy  Historical  Center 

► MM2  Linton  Foster  checks  OBA  canisters 
for  fire  fighting  students. 

Y DC2  Vincenza  Black  teaches  hose  team 
tactics  to  Surface  Warfare  Officer  School 
(SWOS)  students. 

Story  and  photos  by  PHC(SW)  John  E.  Gay 

Secure  from  Drill"  echoes  off  the  steel  bulk- 
heads, bounces  down  dark  passageways 
and  reverberates  through  the  hollow  sound- 
ing 1MC. 

Stripping  off  the  soot-coated  face 
mask  of  an  oxygen  breathing  appara- 
tus, a lieutenant  stares  blankly  across 
the  room  — his  face  flushed  red, 
khakis  drenched  in  sweat  and  his 
body  barely  upright  — drained  of 
energy  from  the  150-degree  heat. 

From  an  air-conditioned  control 
booth  steps  an  enlisted  fire  fighting 
instructor.  His  coveralls  are  neatly 
pressed  and  the  chevrons  on  his 
collars  are  polished  to  a bright  sheen.  He  is  one  of 
the  thousands  of  enlisted  instructors  who  train 

Navy  leaders  for  the  fleet. 

The  Navy  trains  hundreds  of  officers  each  year  in 
Newport,  R.I.,  teaching  them  the  skills  required  to 
become  a Sailor.  The  Navy  relies 
on  enlisted  men  and  women  who 
have  served  aboard  ships  and 
squadrons  and  who  have  mas- 
tered their  technical  skills. 

Surface  Warfare  Officer's 
School  (SWOS)  in  Newport  intro- 
duces junior  officers  to  many 
skills.  It  is  hoped  some  of  the 
skills  will  never  be  used  except  in 

"The  hardest  part  about 
teaching  officers  is  getting  them  to  understand  how 
important  it  is  to  be  a good  division  officer,"  said 

“By  putting  them 
through  the  same 
training  as  enlisted 
Sailors,  officers 
understand  how 
important  each  step  is 
and  just  what  team- 
work is  to  winning  the 

— DCC  Roger  Hulbert 



our  leaders 

Machinist's  Mate  1st  Class  (SW)  James  Chandler,  a 
basic  steam  instructor.  The  new  officers  are  instruct- 
ed by  chiefs  and  senior  petty 
officers  who  teach  more  than 
technical  skills.  They  teach  leader- 

Practical  skills  at  SWOS  are 
taught  in  simulators.  Gray  boilers, 
brass  gauges  and  tubing  stuffed 
into  the  overheads,  give  the  mock- 
up  a ship-like  feel.  They  are  so 
detailed,  the  only  thing  missing  is 
the  heat  and  side-to-side  roll  of 

"The  SWOS  engineering  room  is 
modeled  after  a frigate,  but  it's  the 
coolest  fire  room  I've  ever  been 
in,"  joked  Chandler. 

Surface  warfare  students  learn  more  than  engi- 

neering systems,  they  also  must  know  how  to 
handle  a crisis  when  general  quarters  sounds. 

"We  give  our  officer  students  an 
introduction  on  how  drills  should 
be  run  when  they  get  out  to  the 
fleet.  We  want  them  to  experience 
the  heat  and  the  feel  of  wearing 
the  bulky  fire  fighting  equip- 
ment," said  Chief  Damage  Con- 
trolman  Roger  Hulbert,  an  in- 
structor at  the  Fire  Fighting 

"By  putting  them  through  the 
same  training  as  enlisted  Sailors, 
officers  understand  how  impor- 
tant each  step  is  and  just  what 
teamwork  is  to  winning  the 
fight,"  said  Hulbert. 

Training  is  made  as  real  as  possible  and  the  adren- 

A MM1  (SW)  James  Chandler  explains 
boiler  light-off  procedures  to  a class  of 
engineering  officers  at  the  school’s 
frigate  mock-up. 



► Two  students  put  a clamp  over  a damaged  fire  main  at  the 
Buttercup  damage  control  flooding  simulator. 

aline  is  high.  After  an  early  morning  practical 
knowledge  class,  each  student  is  given  a demonstra- 
tion of  the  equipment  and  its  use.  They  form  into 
teams  and  fight  a real  blazing  inferno. 

"I  like  teaching  the  damage  control  assistance 
class  the  best,"  said  Hulbert,  "I  know  how  impor- 
tant their  job  is,  and  I have  a good  chance  of  work- 
ing with  them  again  in  the  fleet.  I want  them  to  be 
as  ready  as  possible." 

After  students  complete  fire  fighting  training,  it's 
off  to  Buttercup,  a damage  control  flooding  simula- 
tor. Students  learn  to  stop  hull  ruptures,  repair  split 
water  mains  and  dewater  a flooded  compartment. 

"Each  class  must  develop  [their]  skills  and  work 
as  a team,"  said  MM1  Steven  Smith,  leading  petty 
officer  at  Buttercup. 

Students  usually  fail  their  first  test.  The  ship, 
capable  of  flooding  to  six  feet,  sinks.  Sailors  are  then 
pulled  up  the  hatch  by  their  shipmates  and  they 
shake  the  water  from  their  soaked  uniforms  in 
frustration.  After  a debrief  and  advice  from  Butter- 
cup’s staff,  the  general  quarters  alarm  is  sounded 
once  more. 

" Incoming  missile!  All  hands  brace  for  shock." 

A thunder-like  rumble  gives  confirmation  that  the 
missile  has  impacted.  " Direct  hit,  port  side!  All  hands 
relax  brace.  Investigators  out.” 

Inside  the  compartment,  water  surges  in  every 
direction.  The  deck  floods  with  two  feet  of  water 
and  quickly  rises. 

Two  Sailors  slide  through  the  scuttle.  From  every 
direction  water  pours  in  making  visibility  poor. 
Assessing  the  damage,  the  pair  reports  to  the  scene 

Several  teams  charge  into  the  compartment,  each 
with  a separate  mission.  Some  fight  the  downpour 
from  above  and  attack  the  split  water  mains.  Others 
search  for  shoring,  that  is  now  floating  in  the  flood- 
ing space.  They  apply  pressure  to  the  bulkhead  and 
block  the  gaping  hole  in  the  compartment.  Topside, 
others  are  setting  up  1,250  portable  water  pumps  to 
suction  water  from  the  spaces. 

When  the  Navy 
trains  its  leaders,  it 
turns  to  the  subject 
matter  experts  — 
enlisted  Sailors  with 
the  responsibility  to 
guide  officers  and 
ensure  the  Navy 
team  is  the  best 
trained  in  the  world. 

"We  teach  each  class  how  to  use  various  types  of 
equipment  found  in  repair  lockers  to  combat  flood- 
ing," said  Smith.  "The  team  must  stop  the  flooding 
before  they  can  dewater  the  space.  If  they  work 
together  they  will  win.  If  not,  they  end  up  swim- 



A HM3  David  Shootenbauer,  an  instructor  from  Naval 
Hospital  Newport,  walks  LT  Bryan  Ponce  through 
basic  CPR.  Ponce  is  with  NROTC,  Miami  University, 

Oxford,  Ohio. 

Smith  said  the  training  teaches  officers  how 
important  every  team  member  is  and  how  they  must 
organize  the  damage  control  team  to  keep  the  ship 

Other  Newport  Sailors  teach  hands-on  life  saving 
skills  as  well. 

At  Naval  Hospital  Newport,  Hospital  Corpsman 
3rd  Class  David  Shootenbauer  demonstrates  basic 
cardiopulmonary  resuscitation  (CPR).  "It  isn't  much 
different  teaching  officers  than  enlisted  Sailors," 
said  Shootenbauer. 

"At  first  I was  nervous,  especially  teaching 
doctors  and  nurses.  But,  once  I learned  the  officers 
wanted  to  gain  the  knowledge  from  these  classes,  it 
made  my  job  easy." 

Walking  students  through  the  steps  of  life  sup- 
port, Shootenbauer  continuously  quizzes  their 
knowledge.  "I  want  them  to  think  about  the  next 
step  when  doing  CPR.  This  is  a really  important 
class,  but  I hope  none  of  my  students  have  to  use 

When  the  Navy  trains  its  leaders,  it  turns  to  the 
subject  matter  experts  — enlisted  Sailors  with  the 
responsibility  to  guide  officers  and  ensure  the  Navy 
team  is  the  best  trained  in  the  world. 

Gay  is  a photojonrnalist  assigned  to  the  U.S.  Naval  War 
College,  Newport,  R.I. 

< Students  usually  fail  their  first  test  in  the  Buttercup  damage 
control  flooding  simulator  and  the  “ship”  sinks. 


Story  by  JOC  Doug  Hummel 

How  Direct  to  Sailor  (DTS)  works 

A broadcast  signal  originating  from  the 
Armed  Forces  Radio  and  Television  Service  - 
Broadcast  Center  (AFRTS-BC),  March  Air  Force 
Base,  Riverside,  Calif.,  is  beamed  up  to  three 
commercial  satellites  positioned  around  the  globe 
--  one  floating  in  space  over  the  Pacific,  one  over 
the  Atlantic  and  one  over  the  Indian  ocean.  As 
long  as  ships  at  sea  are  within  the  signal’s  “foot- 
print”, they  can  pick  up  the  signal  via  a satellite 
receiver  and  distribute  it  through  the  ship’s  Ship- 
board Information,  Training  and  Entertainment 
(SITE)  system  to  the  TVs  on  board. 

What  TV-DTS  provides 

DTS  will  provide  timely  news,  information  and 
entertainment  to  the  fleet  through  two  TV  channels; 
AFRTS  News/sports  channel  and  AFN  Direct  to 
Sailors,  a modified  version  of  Armed  Forces  Network. 
DTS  will  also  provide  three  radio  channels,  two 
stereo-quality  music  channels  and  one  talk  radio 
channel.  A print  data  channel  will  also  be  included  in 
the  DTS.  Ships  will  be  able  to  receive  timely  transmis- 
sions of  public  affairs  products  such  as  the  “Current 
News  Early  Bird,”  “Navy  Wire  Service,”  “Stripes  Lite,” 
Navy  News  Service  and  a Navy  edition  of  the  New 
York  Times  Fax. 

Where  TV-DTS  is  right  now 

There  are  two  DTS  test  ships  with  the  prototype 
equipment  installed:  USS  Tarawa  (LHA  1)  and  USS 
Guam  (LPH  9).  But  other  ships  are  receiving  the  TV 
service  only,  by  using  the  dishes  and  decoders  sup- 
plied by  Naval  Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 

Where  TV-DTS  will  be  in  the  future 

Ships  will  receive  the  worldwide  signal  through  a 
1.5m  antenna.  By  the  year  2000  surface  combatants, 
amphibious  ships,  auxiliaries  and  aircraft  carriers  will 
have  DTS. 

There  was  just  as  much  anticipation  and 
excitement  running  through  the  decks  of 
this  mighty  warship  a few  minutes  before 
kick-off  of  the  Army-Navy  football  game  as  there 
was  on  the  field  in  the  meadowlands.  For  the  first 
time  in  Navy  history,  a ship  at  sea  was  going  to  be 
able  to  watch  the  Army-Navy  game  live  via  the 
Direct-To-Sailor  Television  System  (TV-DTS). 

Sailors  of  the  USS  Guam  (LPH  9)  and  Marines 
from  the  embarked  24th  Marine  Expeditionary  Unit 
(special  operations  capable)  had  just  completed 
another  major  evolution  as  they  hosted  the  Secretary 
General  of  NATO  and  almost  100  other  high  ranking 
NATO  and  military  leaders  for  the  final  event  of 
NATO  Sea  Day.  Sailors  and  Marines  gathered 
around  television  sets  with  their  favorite  pre-game 
snacks  looking  forward  to  something  they  hadn't 
done  since  the  start  of  their  six-month  deployment 
in  October  --  watch  a live  football  game. 

"It  was  great!"  exclaimed  Operations  Specialist 
3rd  Class  Adam  Dearing  of  Youngstown,  Ohio.  "It's 
really  relaxing  to  be  able  to  come  off  watch  and  see 
a live  game.  Before,  we  watched  taped  games  and 
already  knew  the  outcome  of  the  game  which  really 
takes  something  away  from  the  game.  But  now  the 
excitement  is  back!" 

Mess  decks,  berthing  spaces,  the  wardroom  and 
staterooms  were  jammed  packed  as  football-crazed 
Sailors  and  Marines  huddled  together  to  cheer  on 
the  Midshipmen.  The  only  sounds  you  could  hear 
were  the  yells  and  screams  of  happy  sea  service- 
members  celebrating  big  play  after  big  play  by  the 

According  to  Electronics  Warfare  Technician  2nd 
Class  (SW)  Jack  McNeese  of  Indianola,  111.,  watching 
this  game  and  being  able  to  see  other  sporting 



events  in  the  future  will  have  a huge  effect  on  his 
morale.  "It  was  awesome!"  he  said.  "It  was  like 
home  and  getting  together  for  the  big  game!" 

The  new  DTS  signal  is  a state-of-the-art  digital 
satellite  system  that  now  provides  live  sports, 
entertainment,  news  and  other  informational 
programming  to  the  crew  of  the  "Mighty  9.”  The 
gear  was  installed  just 
before  Guam  departed  its 
home  port  of  Norfolk  for 
the  current  deployment. 

Guam  was  off  the  coast 
of  Naples,  Italy,  when 
Guam  first  locked  on  to  the 
signal  on  the  evening  of 
Dec.  4,  one  day  after  the  newly  launched  satellite 
moved  into  position  and  started  beaming  down  the 
signal  to  the  entire  Mediterranean  area. 

"This  is  a technological  breakthrough  that 
creates  high  morale  in  the  crew,"  stressed  CAPT 

William  J.  Luti,  commanding  officer  of  USS  Guam. 
"Being  able  to  have  this  system  up  just  in  time  for 
the  Army-Navy  game  added  that  extra  special  touch 
of  satisfaction  and  excitement  to  the  crew.  It's  a 
wonderful  thing  the  Navy  has  done  to  bring  this 
system  to  the  fleet. 

Thanks  to  DTS,  the  crew  of  Guam,  ami  by  2001, 

most  of  the  fleet,  will  now 
be  kept  up  to  date  on  the 
happenings  in  the  world 
of  sports  as  well  as  other 
world  events  by  watching 
- 0S3  Adam  Dearing  the  24-hour  newsports 
channel  which  is  one  of 
the  two  channels  that  the 
ship  is  currently  receiving  from  the  AFRTS  Broad- 
cast Center  in  Los  Angeles.  The  other  channel,  a 
modified  version  of  the  Armed  Forces  Network, 
provides  some  sports  and  news  programs  but 
features  the  same  entertainment  programming  that 

I think  the  Navy  is  really 
trying  to  take  care  of  us!” 

USS  Guam  (LPH  9)  and  USS  Tarawa  (LHA  1),  are  the  two  test  beds  for  Direct  To  Sailor  Television.  This  service  is  provided  by  a 
broadcast  signal  from  Armed  Forces  Radio  and  Television  Service. 



Photo  by  PHC(AW)  Michael  L.  Dale 

Photo  by  PHAN  Rick  Williams 

The  near  global  coverage  of  DTS  is  made  possible  by  three  satellites  in  the  Pacific,  Atlantic  and  Indian  Oceans. 

Sailors  are  used  to  seeing  back  home.  Plus,  instead 
of  watching  these  sitcoms  and  drama  shows  weeks, 
sometimes  months,  after  they  aired  in  the  states, 
members  of  the  hard  working  Navy-Marine  Corps 
team  can  now  watch  their  favorite  shows  just  a few 
days  after  they  air  back  home. 

"If  you  can't  be  home,  you  might  as  well  bring 
home  to  us,"  said  Lance  Cpl.  Johnnie  T.  Rowell 

about  watching  the  new  programing  on  DTS  with 
more  than  1,500  of  his  closest  friends.  "It  feels  good 
because  it  gives  you  that  home  environment  because 
you  can  watch  sports  at  the  same  time  as  your 
family  is  watching  it  on  television.  Having  this 
system  on  board  will  actually  help  me  have  a good 
time  and  enjoy  the  cruise  a little  bit  more  because 
sports  is  a big  part  of  all  our  lives  and  we  enjoy 
watching  sports,"  Rowell  said 
Dearing  agreed.  He  looks  at 
DTS  as  providing  a slice  of  home 
that  he  had  been  missing  since 
deployment.  "It  makes  it  like 
we're  closer  to  home,  it  doesn't 
make  it  so  bad  that  we're  away 
from  home  for  six  months.  I think 
the  Navy  is  really  trying  to  take 
care  of  us!" 

The  boost  in  the  crew's  morale 
that  this  new  quality  of  life  item 
has  provided  is  already  evident. 

Sailors  and  Marines  cheer  as  the 
Naval  Academy’s  football  team 
makes  a touchdown  during  USS 
Guam's  live  viewing  of  Direct  To 
Sailor  (DTS)  television  broadcast  of 
the  Dec.  6 game  while  Guam  cruised 
the  Mediterranean  Sea. 



DTS  TV  Programming 

Here’s  a quick  look  at  some  of  the  many  shows 
available  on  both  channels  of  DTS  TV. 

The  News/Sports  Channel 
Live  Sports 

Good  Morning  America 
48  Hours 


AFN-Direct  To  Sailor 
Oprah  Winfrey 
Star  Trek:  Deep  Space  9 
Wheel  of  Fortune 

WWF  Superstars 

Home  Improvement 
Mad  About  You 
Drew  Carey 

Tonight  Show  with  Jay  Leno 

Saturday  Night  Live 

Late  Show  with  Dave  Letterman 

"People  are  walking  around  the  ship  smiling  and  very, 
very  impressed  that  we  have  this  capability,"  said  Luti. 
"I  believe  firmly  that  taking 

uirect  io  bailor  lecnnoiogy: 

When  you  think  of  the  Navy’s  high-tech  weap- 
onry, what  comes  to  mind?  The  dangerously  quiet 
Seawolf  attack  submarine?  The  long-range 
accuracy  of  the  Tomahawk  cruise  missile?  How 
about  the  versatile  F/A-18  E/F  Super  Hornet ? 

They’re  all  correct.  But  in  this  day  and  age 
where  information  equates  to  power,  the  Navy’s 
most  important  weapon  is  an  informed  Sailor. 

Informing  Sailors  is  where  the  advanced 
technology  of  Television  - Direct  To  Sailors  (TV- 
DTS)  program  comes  into  the  picture.  TV-DTS  is 
a quality-of-life  initiative  that  will  change  the  way 
Sailors  living  aboard  ships  get  news  and  informa- 
tion at  sea. 

care  of  our  troops  is  job  one. 
This  his  system  is  a dramat- 
ic step  forward  in  taking 
care  of  our  troops." 

It's  not  known  if  the 
extra  1,500  screaming  fans 
had  an  affect  on  the  out- 
come of  the  game  but  the 
final  score  helped  the 
morale  of  the  crew  as  well. 
Navy  39,  Army  7. 

Hummel  is  a journalist 
assigned  to  USS  Guam 
public  affairs  office. 

Marines  attached  to  USS 
Guam  (LPH  9)  Amphibious 
Readiness  Group  sit  and 
enjoy  the  live  Army/Navy 
game  from  their  berthing 



Photo  by  PHAN  Rick  Williams 

A An  aerial  view  of  the  modules  making  up  Harry  S. 
Truman  (CVN  75)  prior  to  the  completion  of  the  ship's 

M ft' A If  If 

Giving  birth  to  95,000 
tons  oi  diplomacy 

■■  ■ 

v * \| 

Story  by  JOC  Kevin  A.  Mills 

Bringing  one  of  the  world's  largest  naval 

combat  vessels  to  life  is  like  constructing  a 
modern-day  version  of  one  of  the  Seven 
Wonders  of  the  World.  For  the  Navy's  newest  aircraft 
carrier  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75),  that  means  employ- 

From  Blueprint  tc 
Delivery  ... 



< Truman’s  547-ton  island  is  lowered  onto  the  flight  deck  of  the 
Navy’s  newest  nuclear-powered  aircraft  carrier  as  Sailors  below 
look  on. 

V The  ship’s  bow  dangles  in  mid-air  before  being  fitted  into 
place  by  huge  cranes  at  the  Newport  News  shipyard.  The  bow  is 
just  one  of  190  “pieces”  designed  to  fit  together  into  a highly 
complex,  technological  puzzle  called  modular  construction. 


Construction  of  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN 
75)  begins  at  Newport  News  shipyard. 

ing  more  than  3,100  shipyard  workers  at  the  height  of 
its  construction,  using  1 million  pounds  of  aluminum, 
60,000  tons  of  steel  and  connecting  190  modules 
weighing  up  to  870  tons  each.  It  takes  an  average  of 
five  years  to  construct  a carrier  from  blueprint  to 

It  took  months  to  design  Truman's  more  than  3,300 
spaces.  The  contract  was  awarded  to  Newport  News 
Shipbuilding  in  June  1988  and  steel  fabrication  began 
April  1989. 

Even  before  the  keel  was  laid  in  November  1993, 
shipyard  workers  were  constructing  segments  of  the 
ship.  These  modules  were  then  set  on  the  keel  and 
welded  together. 

"It's  put  together  like  a huge  jigsaw  puzzle,"  said 
Harold  Paxton,  Newport  News  Shipbuilding  Manager 
of  Carrier  Construction.  "The  superlifts  (modules) 
form  the  structural  makeup  of  the  ship.  We  start  off 
with  the  mid-body 
section,  then  we 
continue  building  aft." 

About  18  months 
before  the  ship  was 

April  25,  1989 

A A civilian  welder  sends  sparks  flying  as 
he  guides  a metal  support  bracket  into 
place.  About  60,000  tons  of  steel  and  a 
million  tons  of  aluminum  went  into  con- 
structing Harry  S.  Truman. 

> A 90,000-pound  “dead  load”  vehicle  is 
catapulted  off  the  Truman’s  flight  deck 
during  testing.  Once  fully  operational,  all 
four  steam-powered  catapults  will  be  able 
to  safely  launch  aircraft  at  a rate  of  more 
than  40  an  hour. 

Sailors  begin  reporting  aboard  as 
the  first  members  of  the  Truman 

Truman’s  keel  is  laid.  The  keel  is  the 
ship’s  backbone  where  massive 
steel  beams  run  stern  to  stern. 

Photo  by  LT  Scott  M.  Allen 

< Thousands  of  electrical  lines  twist  and  turn 
their  way  through  the  ship  during  construction. 
The  wires  power  equipment  used  to  build  the 
Navy’s  newest  nuclear-powered  aircraft 

Y With  70  percent  of  Harry  S.  Truman  com- 
plete, workers  from  Newport  News  Shipbuild- 
ing install  a section  of  the  shaft  that  turns  one 
of  the  ship’s  four  screws. 

launched  and  christened,  shipyard  workers  continued 
to  build  forward  and  up  to  the  flight  deck,  continually 
adding  parts  to  the  puzzle.  The  ship  has  seven  decks 
below  and  11  decks  above  the  hangar  bay.  Six  months 
before  launching,  the  ship  was  structurally  complete, 
minus  the  island  house  which  was  added  in  July  1996. 
The  island  completed  the  transformation  of  a floating 
hull  with  a flat  top  to  that  of  a high-tech  combat 
vessel.  Total  dry-dock  construction  lasted  nearly 
three  years. 

Preparing  the  ship  to  actually  touch  water  can  be 

Sept.  7,  1996 

Ship  christened.  Harry  S.  Truman 
(CVN  75)  in  a ceremony  at  Newport 
News  Shipyard. 

a daunting  task.  An  aircraft  carrier  that  displaces 
65,000  tons  of  water  at  launching  is  not  like  taking 
your  motor  boat  to  the  local  lake  on  the  weekend. 
There  are  many  factors  that  have  to  be  considered. 

"We  have  to  pick  a launch  date  based  on  tide  and 
moon  conditions,"  said  Paxton.  "If  we  had  missed  our 
launch  date  in  September  1996,  it  would  have  been 
about  six  weeks  later  before  we  could  have  launched  it 

Photo  courtesy  of  Newport  News  Shipyard  again  during 

another  win- 

dow with  the 

Life  of  a Carrier 


1959  USS  Independence  (CV-62) 

1 961  USS  Kitty  Hawk  (CV-63) 

1961  USS  Constellation  (CV-64) 

1961  USS  Enterprise  (CV-65) 

1968  USS  John  F.  Kennedy  (CV-67) 

1975  USS  Nimitz  (CVN-68) 

1977  USS  Dwight  D.  Elsenhower  (CVN-69) 
1982  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN-70) 

1986  USS  Theodore  Roosevelt  (CVN-71) 
1989  USS  Abraham  Lincoln  (CVN-72) 

1 992  USS  George  Washington  (CVN-73) 
1993  USS  John  C.  Stennls  (CVN-74) 

1998  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN-75) 

2002  Ronald  Reagan  (CVN-76) 

201 2-2032 
201 6-2036 

Scheduled  for  overhaul  end  nuclear  refueling  in  1908,  adding  about  25  yeara  to  Ite  lifetime. 

tide  water  high  enough  to  get  the  ship  out  of  dry 

After  the  shipwas  floated  in  the  dry  dock,  the  32- 
foot  draft  of  the  carrier  had  a mere  10  inches  of  clear- 
ance between  the  ship  and  blocks  it  was  sitting  on. 
During  the  construction  process,  there  is  another 
building  sequence  taking  place  - forming  a precommis- 
sioning crew. 

"The  shipyard  is  building  a ship.  I'm  building  a 
crew,"  said  CAPT  Tom  Otterbein,  commanding  officer 
of  PCU  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75).  "It  is  essential  the 
crew  is  prepared  to  take  the  ship  to  sea  as  a valuable 
component  of  the  active-duty  force." 

The  process  of  building  a precommissioning  crew 
also  starts  very  early.  Almost  three  years  before 
commissioning,  a unit  is  formed.  In  the  case  of  Tru- 

the  fleet  is  crucial  to  our 
ability  to  take  charge  of  the 
ship,"  said  Otterbein.  "We 
have  Sailors  under  way  with 
other  carriers  so  they  can 
learn  what  their  job  will  be 
once  we  get  commissioned." 

Hummel  added  that  the 
crew  arrives  in  several  phas- 
es. "There  are  four  nucleus 
and  three  balance  phases. 

The  first  group  contains  one 
officer  and  17  enlisted  Sailors. 

Basically,  they  arrive  and  turn  the  key  and  turn  the 
lights  on  so  people  know  there  is  now  a precommis- 
sioning crew." 

man,  the  first  crew  members  arrived  in  November 
1995.  Since  that  time,  the  crew  has  grown  to  approxi- 
mately 2,000  officers  and  Sailors,  roughly  two-thirds  of 
the  ship's  eventual  crew  size. 

A large  part  of  the  crew-building  process  comes  in 
the  form  of  training. 

"By  definition,  precommissioning  duty  is  training," 
said  Truman  administrative  officer,  LCDR  Jim  Hummel. 
"We  are  taking  possession  of  a ship  built  from  the 
ground  up,  and  we  need  to  have  the  crew  trained  to 
run  it." 

"The  training  my  crew  is  receiving  on  other  ships  in 

Sept.  13,  1996 

PCU  Harry  S.  Truman  launches  from 
drydock  for  the  first  time. 

Enlisted  ratings  in  phase  one  included  yeomen, 
hospital  corpsmen,  storekeepers,  ship's  servicemen 
and  electronic  warfare  technicians. 

Constructing  a ship  almost  as  long  as  the  Empire 
State  Building  is  tall  takes  careful  coordination. 

"The  job  of  construction  is  made  easier  through  the 
teaming  of  three  organizations:  the  men  and  women  of 
Newport  News  Shipbuilding  and  Drydock  Company, 
the  Sailors  of 
Supervisor  of 
and  my 

Newport  News  photo  by  PHI(NAC)  J.  Slaughenhaupt 

— --- 

A Tugboats  from  Newport  News  shipyard  guide  the  massive 
90,000-ton  aircraft  carrier  into  position  for  upcoming  catapult 
“dead  load”  testing. 

crew,"  Otterbein  added. 

"These  three  organizations  work  together  to  'build 
quality  into  the  ship'  to  ensure  that  we  deliver  the 
most  capable  carrier  possible." 

Industrial  components  even  actor  Tim  Allen 
would  envy  are  used  in  constructing  the  ship. 
Cranes  rated  up  to  900  tons  move  the  massive 
superlifts  into  position.  They  also  lift  and  place  the 
island  house,  which  weighs  in  at  560  tons,  on  the 
completed  flight  deck.  Truman's  four  propellers  stretch 
a tape  measure  21  feet  across  and  tip  the  scale  at  50 
tons  each. 

Certainly,  constructing  the  ancient  Egyptian  pyra- 
mids was  a major  undertaking  and  technological 
marvel  then  and  now,  but  there  you  couldn't  serve 
more  than  18,000  meals  a day.  Nor  could  you  find 
accommodations  for  over  6,000  men  and  women,  2,000 
telephones,  the  ability  to  produce  400,000  gallons  of 
drinkable  water.  Nor  are  they  the  mobile  symbols  of 
American  resolve,  capable  of  launching  more  than  80 

combat  aircraft  at  a 
moment's  notice. 

Mills  and  Allen  are 
assigned  to  PCU  Harry 
S.  Truman's  public 
affairs  office  at  Newport 
News  Shipyard. 

Acceptance  trials  are  scheduled  to 
begin.  This  is  when  the  Navy  tests 
its  newest  aircraft  carrier  at  sea. 


Story  and  photos  by  USS  Carl  Vinson  public  affairs 
office  staff 

Thanks  to  the  Fleet  Recreation  Initiative 

(FRI),  Sailors  aboard  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN 
70)  now  have  the  new  Cinema-at-Sea 
Initiative  (CASI)  movie  system. 

"We  can  hook  up  VCRs  and  digital  video  disc 
players,  get  output  from  cable  television  stations 
and  satellite  channels,  and  even  connect  a computer 
hard  drive  to  the  system,"  said  Electronics  Techni- 
cian 1st  Class  James  Ryan  of  Stockton,  Calif.  Ryan 
manages  Carl  Vinson's  Cinema-at-Sea  program  as 
part  of  the  ship's  Morale,  Welfare  and  Recreation 
(MWR)  program. 

According  to  Ryan,  the  system  shows  off  its  full 
capabilities  every  time  Monday  Night  Football  is 
aired  in  the  cavernous  hangar  bay  of  the  1,092-foot 
ship.  "We  hook  the  satellite  system  connector  to  the 
VCR,  then  hook  the  VCR  up  to  the  projector,  and 
everyone  watches  together,"  he  said. 

Carl  Vinson  and  Carrier  Air  Wing  (CVW)  11 
crewmembers  had  good  things  to  say  about  the 
system.  "I  love  this  big  screen,"  said  Airman  Ap- 
prentice Bryan  Dunsmore  of  Sparta,  Tenn.  "It  gives 
everybody  a chance  to  watch  television  at  the  same 
time.  It's  something  to  do  together." 

Senior  Chief  Aviation  Electronics  Technician  (AW) 
T.K.  Moore,  of  Strike  Fighter  Squadron  22,  described 
it  as  "a  good  deal."  "It's  a lot  bigger  than  my  TV  at 
home,"  the  Flanford,  Calif,  native  joked.  "It's  a great 
idea,  and  will  come  in  handy  while  we're  out  for  our 
six-month  Western  Pacific  deployment. 

The  next  best  thing  to  the  neighborhood  movie  theater,  Cinema 
at  Sea  offers  Hollywood’s  latest  hits  in  USS  Carl  Vinson’s  hangar 
bay.  This  underway  theater  isn’t  as  dark  as  commercial  movie- 
houses  because  of  the  red-lights  turned  on  during  darken-ship 
periods,  but  the  movies  still  provide  a valuable  social  event  on 



Movie  Call  — A Naval  Tradition 

The  Navy’s  Movie  Call  tradition 
dates  back  more  than  seven 
decades  when  the  Navy  Motion 
Picture  Service  (founded  in 
1920)  began  distributing  movies 
on  reel-to-reel  Sailors  and 
Marines  serving  in  the  fleet.  In 
the  mid-80s,  movies  starting 
coming  out  on  videotape  and 
were  integrated  into  each  ship’s 
SITE  TV  system,  thus,  tempo- 
rarily ending  the  tradition.  But 
now,  thanks  to  the  Navy’s 
Cinema-At-Sea  Initiative,  the 
long-standing  tradition  of  large- 
screen  movie  viewing  is  back! 

Wlic’s  set  it? 

Right  now  15  ships  have  received  Cinema-at-Sea  equipment:  USS 
Kitty  Hawk  (CV  63),  USS  Constellation  (CV  64),  USS  Enterprise  (CVN 
65),  USS  John  F.  Kennedy  (CVN  67),  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68),  USS 
Dwight  D.  Eisenhower  (CVN  69);  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN  70);  USS 
Theodore  Roosevelt  (CVN  71),  USS  Abraham  Lincoln  (CVN  72),  USS 
George  Washington  (CVN  73),  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74),  USS 
Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75),  USS  O'Bannon  (DD  987) , USS  Nassau 
(LHA  4)  and  USS  Oak  Hill  (LSD  51). 

Whe’s  setting  it? 

Another  12  ships  are  scheduled  to  get  Cinema- At-Sea  by  the  end 
of  this  month:  USS  La  Salle  (AGF  3),  USS  Coronado  (AGF  11),  USS 
Blue  Ridge  (LCC  19),  USS  Mount  Whitney  (LCC  20),  USS  Tarawa 
(LHA  1),  USS  Saipan  (LHA  2),  USS  Belleau  Wood  (LHA  3),  USS 
Peleliu  (LHA  5),  USS  Wasp  (LHD  1),  USS  Essex  (LHD  2),  USS 
Kearsarge  (LHD  3)  and  USS  Boxer  (LHD  4). 

To  reach  the  biggest  audience  of  Sailors  and  Marines,  ships  with 
the  most  personnel  are  getting  CAS1  equipment  implemented  first. 
Cruisers,  destroyers,  frigates  and  submarines  are  all  scheduled  to 
be  outfitted  with  CASI  between  fiscal  years  1999  and  2001,  subject 
to  funding  consideration.  Ships  will  be  notified  by  NMPS  when  the 
time  comes  to  installtheir  CASI  equipment. 

Jennifer  Foster,  the  ship's  MWR  director,  said  the 
$9,000  system  is  a significant  asset  for  the  crew 
underway.  "Using  this  system  gives  the  crew  a 
chance  to  relax  after  they  have  worked  hard,  and 
that's  very  important.  Everyone  can  have  a good 
time  watching  movies,  and  it  is  great  for  socializ- 

Crewmembers  put  the  big  movie  screen  in  place  on  the  hangar 
bay  of  USS  Carl  Vinson  prior  to  an  evening  movie  call  during  a 
December  underway  period. 

ing."  Foster  said  the  system  is  provided  to  ships 
from  MWR  general  funds,  which  allows  commands 
to  spend  their  command  MWR  fund  portions  as  they 
see  fit  to  meet  other  needs  of  the  crew. 

Carl  Vinson  set  a precedent  by  being  the  first 
shipboard  command  to  use  the  system,  according  to 
Anita  Tornyai,  Single  Sailor  Program  manager  for 
BUPERS.  "We  chose  Carl  Vinson  as  the  model  for 
this  system  because  the  ship  had  just  come  out  of 
the  yards,  and  they  were  starting  fresh  with  their 
work-ups,"  she  said.  "So  far.  I've  heard  a lot  of 
positive  comments  from  the  Sailors." 

Before  SITE-TV,  reel-to-reel  motion  pictures 
entertained  large  groups  on  mess  decks,  hangar 
bays,  flight  decks,  crew  lounges,  ready  rooms  and 
other  gathering  places  on  Navy  ships.  Over  the 
years,  the  16mm  films  were  replaced  by  video  tapes 
used  solely  on  the  closed-circuit  television  systems. 
Entertainment  at  sea  has  come  full-circle,  now  that 
the  8mm  video  cassette  movies  can  be  aired  through 
CASI,  providing  a nostalgic  feel  of  that  pre-'70s 

"Although  the  SITE  system  enables  larger  num- 
bers of  crew  members  to  watch  films  at  one  time, 
many  Sailors  miss  the  camaraderie,  interaction  and 
participatory  nature  of  a movie  call,"  said  Tornyai. 
"We're  doing  something  to  give  the  Sailors  the 
comforts  of  home.  We  think  it's  a great  system  and  a 
real  morale  booster."  ^ 



U.S.  Navy  photo 


Hiding  with 

Story  and  photos  by 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 

From  the  "Hunt  for  Red 
October"  to  "Crimson 
Tide/'  life  aboard  nuclear 
submarines  has  made  great 
movies.  In  the  movies  actors  play 
out  the  script.  In  the  Navy,  they 
aren't  acti  It'ng  — it's  for  real. 

Life  aboard  a fleet  ballistic 
missile  submarine  (or  "boomer" 
as  it's  called),  is  unique  because 
the  sole  mission  is  strategic 
deterrence.  Everything  the  crew 
does  is  focused  around  this  fact  of 

"It's  all  about  being  quiet  and 
remaining  undetected,"  said 

Sonar  Technician  (Submarine)  2nd 
Class  (SS)  W.  Scott  Harris,  the 
deck  division  leading  petty  officer 
aboard  USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737). 
"If  America  suffered  a nuclear 
strike  this  sub  couldn't  be  taken 
out  because  the  enemy  would 
have  no  idea  where  we  are." 

The  Ohio- class  replaced  the 

A LCDR  Richard  W.  Kitchens,  executive  officer  on  USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737)  uses  the 
periscope  to  find  and  report  contacts  while  Kentucky  departs  Kings  Bay,  Ga.,  for  a 
three-month  cruise. 

aging  fleet  ballistic  missile  sub- 
marines built  in  the  1960s  and  is 
far  more  capable,  according  to 
Harris.  It  is  designed  for  extend- 
ed deterrent  patrols,  quicker 
replenishments  and  extended 
periods  between  overhauls  to  15- 
plus  years.  Boomers  can  carry  as 
many  as  24  nuclear-strike-capable 
missiles  with  nuclear  MIRV 
(multiple  independent  reentry 
vehicle)  warheads.  Although  the 
missiles  have  no  preset  targets 
when  the  submarine  goes  on 
patrol,  the  SSBNs  can  quickly 
target  their  missiles  if  a nuclear 
response  is  needed. 

The  use  of  a nuclear  response 
has  never  been  needed  since 
creation  of  the  SSBN  in  1960.  The 
SSBN  provides  the  nation's  most 
survivable  and  enduring  nuclear 
strike  capability.  Boomers  were 

created  for  a different  mission 
than  their  counterpart,  the  fast 

A USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737)  pulls  back 
in  to  King’s  Bay,  Ga.,  after  a VIP  embark. 



Y SK2(SS)  Charles  Hamlett,  from 
Reidsville,  N.C.,  drives  the  boat  during 
manuevering  drills  under  the  watchful 
supervision  of  Executive  Officer  LCDR 
Richard  W.  Kitchens  from  Jacksonville, 

attack  submarine  (SSN).  SSN's 
seek  out  and  destroy  enemy 
threats.  But,  because  boomers 
carry  such  long-range  firepower, 
they  don't  need  to  go  into  harm's 
way.  Even  if  attempted, 
boomer  Sailors  have  a 
better  chance  at  not  partic- 
ipating in  any  wars  than 
SSNs  because  of  their 
"hide  with  pride"  mentali- 

"The  only  war  we  are 
ever  going  to  participate 
in  would  be  World  War 
III,"  said  Harris,  a Tulsa, 
Okla.,  native.  "After  that 
there  won't  be  anything 
worth  coming  home  to. 
You're  pretty  safe  on  a 
Trident  submarine.  Since 
silos  can't  move  and  Air 
Force  aircraft  can  be  hit 

Y MM2(SS)  Senen  G.  Torres- 
Vazquez,  from  Puerto  Rico, 
prepares  to  start  USS  Ken- 
tucky’s (SSBN  737)  backup 
diesel  engine. 

down  before  getting  off  the 
ground,  the  only  nuclear  deter- 
rent left  is  a boomer.  This  subma- 
rine may  be  in  the  Atlantic,  but 
you  don't  know  where." 

Boomers  are  assigned  certain 
grids  in  the  ocean  to  patrol.  Even 
though  its  exact  location  is  classi- 
fied, keeping  a schedule  is  easier 
for  them  than  other  parts  of  the 
Navy  because  they  patrol  by 

"Because  our  schedule  is 
classified  and  pretty  much  set  in 
stone  I know  when  I am  leaving 
and  coming  back,"  said  Fire 
Control  Technician  Chief  (SS) 
Timothy  J.  Duffy,  chief-in-charge 
of  all  fire  control  technicians  and 
missile  technicians  aboard  Ken- 
tucky. "Since  we  never  go  out  with 
a task  group,  I know  what  I am 
going  to  do  for  off  crew." 

An  "off  crew"  is  the  other  150 

y ETC(SS)  Gary  A.  Vickers,  from  St. 
Cloud,  Fla.,  and  ET2(SS)  Chris  Johnson, 
a Seattle  native,  are  secondary  plotters 
for  USS  Kentucky  (SSBN  737)  during 
sea  and  anchor  detail  while  transiting  to 
the  Atlantic  Ocean. 




from  Butler,  Pa.,  cuts  into  the  lasagna 
he  made  for  the  crew’s  lunch. 

guys  waiting  on  shore  to  take  the 
boat  back  out.  Each  crew  has  150 
men  and  a life  cycle  of  112  days. 
"There  are  two  crews  on  a Trident 
submarine,  the  blue  and  the 
gold,"  explained  Duffy.  "We  are 
the  blue.  Right  now  the  gold  crew 
is  in  their  off  crew." 

According  to  Machinist  Mate 
Chief  (SS)  Paul  R.  Wierbonics,  a 
former  assistant  leading  chief 

petty  officer  aboard  Kentucky,  The 
blue  crew  pulls  in  and  turns  the 
boat  over  to  the  gold  crew  "After 
the  gold  crew  accepts  the  boat 
with  an  exchange  of  command, 
the  blue  crew  gets  to  take  some 
well-deserved  R&R.  After  the 
blue  crew  comes  back  from  leave 
they  go  directly  into  10  weeks  of 

A big  part  of  submariner  life 
involves  training.  The  first  goal  of 
sub  training  is  getting  a subsur- 
face warfare  pin,  known  as  "dol- 

"As  a crew  we  have  to  earn  our 
warfare  pin  in  12  months,"  said 
Duffy.  "Alhough  our  average  is 
six  to  nine  months,  if  you  are  not 
qualified  in  12  months  you  can  be 
kicked  out  of  the  Navy." 

Submariners  who  don't  qualify 
for  their  dolphins  aren't  really 
part  of  the  team  yet.  "On  your 
first  patrol  you  are  trying  to  get 
your  dolphins  because  you  don't 
want  to  be  called  a NUB  (Non- 
useful Body),"  said  Harris.  "You 

don't  get  to  watch  any  movies 
until  you  get  your  dolphins.  The 
command  feels  that  if  you  have 
time  to  watch  movies,  then  you 
have  time  to  study." 

"When  you  get  to  your  first 
boat,  you're  scared,  nervous  and 
have  a lot  to  prove,"  added 
Storekeeper  2nd  Class  (SS) 
Charles  W.  Hamlett,  Kentucky's 
master-helmsman.  "You  have  to 
show  that  you  want  to  earn  your 
dolphins.  When  you  do  that, 
everyone  will  go  out  of  their  way 
to  help  you.  Whether  you're  the 
highest  ranking  officer  or  an  E-l, 
everybody  depends  on  each 

The  teamwork  spirit  submari- 
ners emulate  underway  is  carried 
on  shore  as  well.  "We  may  have 
two  crews,  but  we  all  get  along," 
said  Hamlett.  "If  one  of  the  wives 
of  the  gold  crew  need  help  with 
moving  or  repairing  something, 
she  will  call  us.  We  look  after 
each  other  whether  at  sea  or  at 

Being  home  is  something 
all  Sailors  love  to  do.  But 
when  boomer  Sailors  aren't 
patrolling  the  deep  seas, 
they  pride  themselves  on 
being  the  country's  most 
effective  deterrent  against 
nuclear  war.  That  is  when 
Boomer  Sailors  usually  get 
the  stereotypical  label  of 
being  arrogant. 

< Crew  members  onboard  USS 
Kentucky  (SSBN  737)  stop  to 
enjoy  some  great  home-style 
lasagna  for  lunch  on  the  only 
enlisted  mess  deck.  Because 
space  is  limited,  officers  and 
enlisted  crew  sometimes  eat 



"I  wouldn't  say  we  are  arro- 
gant, just  proud  of  what  we  do," 
said  Duffy,  a Tucson,  Ariz.,  na- 
tive. "We  are  an  elite  force.  There 
are  only  18  subs  that  do  what  we 
do.  We  still  follow  the  standard 
Navy  traditions  and  rules,  but  our 
lives  are  a bit  different  and  the 
crew  is  a lot  tighter." 

The  crew  is  like  a big  family. 
When  pressure  and  stress  begin  to 
build,  its  nice  to  be  able  to  talk  to 
a caring  family  member.  "It  isn't 
like  you  can  go  topside,"  said 
Hamlett.  "You  only  have  565  feet 
to  walk  around  in.  The  more  you 
hold  things  in  and  let  things 
bother  you,  the  more  panicky  and 
disgruntled  you  are  going  to  be." 

What  keeps  the  crew  from 
getting  disgruntled  is  sitting 
down  and  talking  the  problem 
out.  "If  we  see  a guy  who  is  upset 
we  let  him  blow  off  steam  and 
then,  he's  fine,"  said  Hamlett. 

"You  don't  want  to  let  things 
bother  you  to  a point  that  you 
can't  concentrate  on  your  job. 
Probably  the  biggest  worry  here, 
especially  with  the  new  guys,  is 
when  the  familygrams  start 
coming  in  and  they  don't  get 

"Familygrams  keep  you  from 

< ET2(SS)  Terrance  D.  Brown 
maintains  the  master  file  of 
High-8  movie  tapes  for  the 

going  nuts,"  said  Harris. 
"Each  message  is  no 
more  than  40  words 
from  your  wife  or 
family.  They  can  send 
out  a maximum  of  eight 
of  these  periodically 
throughout  the  patrol." 
Family  grams  are 
nice,  but  it  still  doesn't  erase  the 
fact  that  communication  to  and 
from  a boomer  is  very  limited.  "If 
you're  interested  in  being  on  a 
sub,  read  up  on  it  and  see  what 
it's  like  and  then  talk  to  some 
guys  to  see  if  you  have  the  will 
power  to  handle  it,"  recommend- 
ed Hamlett,  a native  of  Reeds- 

ville,  N.C.  "There  is  a lot  of  time 
under  way  so  make  sure  you  have 
the  right  frame  of  mind  to  endure 
before  joining." 

Being  true  isn't  what  nuclear 
submarine  fiction  movies  are  best 
at  portraying.  "I've  watched 
'Crimson  Tide'  and  'The  Hunt  for 
Red  October;'  they're  nice  pieces 

of  fiction,  but  the  situations 
would  never  happen.  It's  kind  of 
humorous  to  watch  these  mov- 
ies," said  Harris.  "In  'Crimson 
Tide'  they  show  guys  in  bunk 
rooms  with  loud  music  on,  no- 
body is  loud.  You  go  way  out  of 
your  way  to  be  quiet  on  a sub 
because  it  all  equates  to  noise. 
The  key  comes  down  to  being 
quiet  and  remaining  undetected. 
If  we  get  detected  we  fail." ^ 

Allen  is  a staff  writer  assigned  to  All 

Y STS2(SS)  W.  Scott  Harris,  leading 
petty  officer  for  deck  division,  tracks  a 
contact  on  the  broadband  display  in  sonar 
division.  The  boat  has  no  active  radar  so 
the  sonar  acts  as  the  eyes  and  ears  of  the 

Hot  link 

To  learn  more  about  USS  Kentucky 
check  out  the  web  site: 



Time,  Talent  and  Treasure 

The  YMCA  - at  your  Service 

Story  by  Patricia  Oladeinde,  photos  courtesy  of  YMCA 


sk  any  generation- 
X-er  what  theYMCA 
, is  and  you're  likely 
to  see  an  immediate  throwing 
of  arms  in  the  air  forming 
huge  letters,  in  conjunction 
with,  tilted  body  gyrations 
and  lip  syncing  of  the  Village 
People's  smash  hit  "YMCA." 

But  few  know  that  the  real 
YMCA  (Young  Men's  Chris- 
tian Association  ) and  its 
subsidiary,  the  Armed  Servic- 
es YMCA  (ASYMCA),  have 
been  gold  hits  for  the  mili- 
tary since  1861. 

A spin-off  of  the  YMCA, 
the  ASYMCA  is  one  of  the 
nation's  largest  nonprofit 
civilian  volunteer  service 
corps.  Its  work  is  carried  out 
by  a network  of  branches 
and  affiliated  YMCA  Associations 
across  the  United  States,  Hawaii, 
Alaska  and  in  the  Republic  of 
Panama  and  the  United  Kingdom. 

What  began  as  an  all-volunteer 
organization  that  aided  servicemen 
on  the  battlefields  of  the  Civil  War 
has  continued  its  mission  of  serving 
military  service  members  — single 
and  married—  and  their  families. 

Back  in  earlier  days,  YMCA 
members  were  recruited  to  serve  as 
surgeons,  nurses,  chaplains  and 
chaplains'  assistants  while  others 
distributed  emergency  medical 
supplies,  food  and  clothing.  Many 
volunteers  brought  books  to  ser- 

A  Reading  programs  are  aimed  directly  at  helping  children.  Here  a Sailor  spends  his  spare 
time  reading  this  little  girl  a story. 

vicemen  and  taught  them  how  to 
read  and  write. 

Today,  you  probably  won't  see 
volunteers  serving  on  battle- 
grounds in  horsedrawn  canteens, 
but  chances  are  you'll  still  see  them 
in  hospitals,  child  care  centers  and 
outreach  centers  providing  quality 
programs  and  services  that  pro- 
mote the  development  of  Sailors' 
bodies,  minds  and  spirits. 

From  the  single's  programs  to 
the  recreational  programs,  the 
ASYMCA  aims  to  strengthen 
family  units  and  encourage  individ- 
uals to  achieve  their  fullest  poten- 

"Our  basic  focus  is  to  take  care 
of  our  servicemen  and  women  - 
primarily  paygrades  E-5  and  below, 
by  offering  them  free-  to-low-cost 
programs,"  said  retired  RADM 
Frank  Gallo,  National  Executive 
Director  of  the  Armed  Service 
YMCA.  "We  don't  compete  with  the 
USO,  Red  Cross,  Family  Service 
Centers  or  any  other  such  organiza- 
tion. We're  here  to  assist  commands 
and  provide  services  where  other 
organizations  can't,  just  like  in  the 
past,"  said  the  Brooklyn,  N.Y., 

The  emphasis  of  service  was  once 
focused  exclusively  on  military 



Photo  by  Ann  Hawthorne 

personnel,  but,  today,  there  are 
programs  and  services  for  the 
family  members  as  well. 

"We  are  not  like  the  local 
YMCA,"  said  Ralph  Blanchard, 
public  affairs  officer  for  the  ASYM- 
CA  national  headquarters.  Spring- 
field,  Va.  "We're  better  because  we 
offer  more  than  just  the  physical 
programs.  We  have  lots  of  pro- 
grams to  enrich  the  quality  of  life 
for  service  members,"  added  the 
Pawcreek,  N.C.,  native.  "And  we 
know  that  if  we  take  care  of  our 
military  members,  they  perform 
their  duties  better." 

As  a result  of  the  ASYMCA  shifting 
its  emphasis  to  include  family  mem- 
bers, outreach  activities  for  preschool- 
ers have  become  as  commonplace  as 
the  more  traditional  recreational 
programs  for  military  personnel. 

"We  even  try  to  employ  dependents 
to  run  the  facilities,"  said  Rodney 
Johnson,  family  service  director  for  the 
ASYMCA  in  Bremerton,  Wash.  "We're 

close  to  70  percent  (employed 
family  members),  and  we  hope  to 
reach  80.  We  want  to  show  the 
military  we  appreciate  them  and 
their  support  in  our  community." 

Community  support  is  crucial  to 
the  ASYMCA's  success,  but  it  takes 
special  people  to  run  the  programs 
and  services. 

"Time,  talent  and  treasure,  are  the 
three  elements  volunteers  must  have  if 
they  want  to  join  the  ASYMCA  team," 
said  Gallo.  "You've  got  to  be  able  to 
deliver  on  your  promise  when  you  say 
you  will,  possess  the  skills  to  work  and 
have  a deep  appreciation  for  the  people 
you're  giving  your  service.  We've  been 
around  a long  time  --  more  than  136 
years  — which  tells  me  that  a lot  of 
people  are  still  delivering  on  their 
words,"  he  added. 

The  ASYMCA  operates  more 
than  50  program  centers  in  20-plus 
locations  on  and  around  military 
installation  in  the  United  States. 
Each  base  or  facility  has  it  own 

-<  Single  Sailor  programs  are  sprouting 
up  around  many  bases.  An  activity  such 
as  ping-pong  is  a great  way  for  Sailors  to 
enjoy  themselves. 

lineup  of  programs  that  are  mostly 
reflective  of  its  community  needs. 

"The  classes  offered  are  great  for 
the  kids  and  adults,"  said  Missile 
Technician  2nd  Class  (SS)  Patrick 
Smith,  who  works  out  at  the  Kitsap 
ASYMCA  in  Bermerton,  Wash.  "My 
kids  love  Storytime,  tumbling,  1-2-3 
Grow  and  ballet.  Aerobics  and 
karate  are  great  for  the  adults,"  he 

"Kitsap  family  YMCA  is  a great 
addition  to  Subase  Bangor,"  said 
Suzanne  Grandlois,  a military 
spouse.  "It  provides  jobs  for  spous- 
es and  the  on-site  day-care  is  a 
money  saver.  The  programs  fit  the 
whole  family.  The  after-hours 
facility  availability  is  wonderful  for 
support  groups  because  it  helps  to 
maintain  stability  when  our  spous- 
es are  gone,"  she  said.  "The  won- 
derful caring  staff  ensures  every- 
thing runs  well  and  everyone  stays 

As  the  ASYMCA  heads  into  its 
137th  year,  there's  no  doubt  it  will 
continue  to  provide  services  and 
programs  to  its  service  members 
and  their  families.  And  whether  the 
YMCA  is  remembered  as  the  '70s 
song  sung  by  the  guys  who  dressed 
up  in  occupational  costumes  or 
whether  it's  remembered  as  the 
solid  gold  military-support  organi- 
zation it's  always  been,  the  name 
will  remain  at  the  top  of  the  charts 
because  of  the  dedication  and 
service  it. 

Oladeinde  is  a staff  writer  assigned  to 
All  Hands. 




> Trivia  question. 

Who  is  the  boy,  fifth  from 
the  left  in  the  front  row. 
Hint:  He  played  in  this 
YMCA  boys  band  in 
Dixon,  III.,  in  1924. 

A number  of  innovative 
projects  created  by  the 
YMCA  during  World  War  I 
were  destined  to  become 

Programs  vary  between  facilities. 
Here  is  a sampling  of  programs 
and  services  that  are  provided  in 
support  of  the  military  community. 

♦ Drop-in  centers  both  on  and  off 

♦ Trips  and  tours 

♦ Service  on  Saturdays  program 

♦ Single  Sailors’  program 

♦ Outreach  centers 

♦ Contract  services  to  meet  special 
command  needs 

♦ Counseling  services 

♦ Support  during  family  separations 
that  are  created  by  military  duties 

♦ Training  in  parenting  skills 

♦ Home  visitations 

♦ Child  care 

♦ Transportation  to  help  military 
families  living  in  isolated  areas 

♦ Recreational  programs 

♦ Day  camps  for  young  children 

♦ Training  and  conference  manage- 
ment for  the  Armed  Forces 

♦ Contract  services  for  military 

♦ A national  publication  for  young 
military  families. 

For  more  information  on  your  local 
Armed  Services  YMCA  call  your 
command’s  MWR  or  Family  Service 

2.  Overseas  “exchanges”  for  the 
convenience  of  the  troops,  also 
established  by  the  YMCA,  would  be 
carried  on  by  the  services  them- 

3.  Educational  scholarships  for 
veterans  would  give  rise  to  the  Gl  Bill 

4.  The  concept  of  R&R  for  battle 
weary  personnel  would  become 
routine  in  future  conflicts. 


pajmfi  aq)  jo  juapjSdjy  mot'  a Ml  aiueoaq 
jajei  oq/w  ueBeay  pieuoy  :y3MSNV 

The  ASYMCA  does  not  receive  any 
federal  subsidy.  Sources  include: 

• United  Way/Combined  Federal 
Campaign  (CFC) 

• Partner  Memberships  (donations) 

• Endowment  Allocation 

• Corporate  Donations 

• Government  Contracts 

• Membership  Dues/Program  Fees 

• Donated  Services  and  Materials 

• Social,  Recreational  and  Cultural 
Program  Fees 

• Residence  and  Related  Services 

• Sales  of  Materials  and  Services 

1.  Overseas  entertain- 
ment for  the  troops  — would 
be  carried  on  by  the  United 
Services  Organizations 
(USO),  an  organization  the 
YMCA  would  help  create  some  20 
years  later. 

Where  does  the  ASYMCA  obtain  its 

>-  Corinne 
Francis,  a YMCA 
worker,  plays 
and  sings  for  a 
group  of  Dough- 
boys in  the  ruins 
of  Verdun, 
France,  during 
World  War  I. 



ASYMCA  provides  recreation,  education 

in  Bangor 

Story  by  JOl  Brigmon  Lohman, 
photos  by  Wendy  Hallmark 

Naval  Submarine  Base 

Bangor,  Wash.,  recently 
opened  a new  community 
center  in  West  Family  Housing. 

The  center,  built  as  part  of  the 
base's  family  housing  expansion, 
opened  its  doors  in  May  and  began 
normal  operations.  The  center  is 
being  operated  by  the  Armed  Servic- 

"This  is  something  common  at  a 
lot  of  bases,"  said  Rodney  Johnson, 
family  service  director  for  the  ASYM- 
CA and  former  Navy  dental  techni- 
cian. "The  bases  write  up  a memoran- 
dum of  agreement,  and  we  come  in 
and  run  the  programs." 

The  program  has  been  designed 
with  the  needs  of  the  base  in  mind 

and  will  offer  classes  like  Gym  Kids, 
Adventures  in  Storytime,  Music  and 
Movements  and  three  types  of 
aerobics  for  adults. 

The  center  also  has  ping-pong 
tables,  basketball  courts,  volleyball 
nets,  tumbling  equipment  and  an 
outdoor  playground. 

"Our  mission  is  to  cater  to  the 
military,"  said  Johnson,  a native  of 
Tampa,  Fla.  "SUBASE  came  to  us 
and  said  they  wanted  a family  service 
program.  We  showed  them  what  we 
were  already  doing  and  what  we 
could  do." 

"The  center  offers  many  of  the 
same  programs  as  the  YMCA  in 
town,"  said  Toni  L.  McGuire,  an 
instructor  with  the  YMCA  in  Bremer- 
ton. "Having  the  center  here  benefits 

< 18-month-old  Christopher,  son  of 
ETI(SS)  Herbert  T.  Bangert  from  USS 
Georgia  (SSBN  729)  gets  one  of  many 
balls  to  play  with. 

<This  is  just  one  of  many  ball 
games  USS  Carl  Vinson's 
(CVN  70)  Operations  Specialist 
1st  Class  (SW/AW)  Keith  R. 
Luckett  plays  with  his  7-year- 
old  son  Keith. 

the  children,  but  it  gives 
them  a place  to  interact  with 
other  children.  But  the 
programs  offered  aren't  just 
for  children.  We  will  be 
offering  classes  for  all  ages." 

"We  are  also  going  to  offer 
child  watching  so  that 
parents  will  be  able  to  take  a 
class  or  get  a workout," 
Johnson  said. 

The  programs  they  are 
offering  sound  really  good," 
said  Suzanne  M.  Babgert,  a 
family  member.  "I  want  to  go 
the  aerobics  class,  and  the  kids  can  go 
to  the  Gym  Kids." 

"I  think  the  center  is  great.  It  will 
help  alleviate  the  congestion  at  the 
other  gym  and  give  the  kids  a place  to 
play,"  said  Opearations  Specialist  1st 
Class  (SS/SW)  Keith  R.  Luckett 
stationed  on  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN 

While  use  of  the  facility  is  open  and 
free  of  charge,  the  classes  are  not. 

"Fees  are  the  only  way  we  are  able 
to  offset  our  costs,"  Johnson  explained. 
"We  are  not  being  financed  by  the 
military  at  all.  SUBASE  is  providing 
the  building,  but  funding  comes  from 
the  Armed  Services  of  the  YMCA  of 
the  USA." 

For  more  information  on  the 
programs  offered  at  the  center,  call 
(360)  396-4079.  ± 

Lohman  is  assigned  to  the  Trident 
Tides,  Hallmark  is  a freelance  photogra- 





are  you  doing  your  homework? 

Okay,  I've  put  it  off  long  enough!  Like  writing 
this  article,  I've  been  procrastinating  with  the 
bane  of  our  lives  ...  homework!  No,  not  the 
vacuuming  and  the  trash.  I'm  talking  about  REAL  home- 
work, the  kind  teachers  throughout  the  millennia  have 
loved  to  torture  us  with. 

Every  time  I sit  down  to  do  that 
report  on  the  impact  of  tree  farming  on 
the  declining  numbers  of  tree  frogs 
(hey,  may  not  be  interesting  but  it  is 
three  credits!),  it  seems  like  my  browser 
icon  calls  out  to  me.  Before  I know  it,  I 
give  in  and  I'm  happily  zipping  (okay, 
maybe  not  "zipping"  — my  connection 
isn't  that  good)  along  the  virtual 
avenues  of  the  web. 

Is  there  anything  better  than  mind- 
less meanderings  through  the  electronic 
maze  we  call  the  net?  To  surf  haphazardly  from  one  point 
to  the  next  in  search  of  that  one  site  which  will  spark  your 
interest  and  open  new  horizons  to  your  creativity?  I don't 
know!  But  there  are  times  when  we  can  use  the  web  to 
actually  get  information  on  a specific  subject. 

A quick  search  for  "www.  treefrogs.  org"  came  up 
empty.  But  when  I used  one  of  the 
many  search  engines  available,  I got 
more  hits  than  I could  ever  need. 

So  what's  the  point?  The  point  is  that 
the  "Information  Superhighway"  is  just 
that  — a superstore  of  I-N-F-O-R-M-A- 
T-I-O-N.  Unfortunately,  it's  not  all 

When  using  the  net  for  homework  or 
research,  you  have  to  be  careful.  Web 
sites  can  be  created  by  anyone  and  given  some  pretty 
official  sounding  titles.  Likewise,  a site  found  today  may 
be  gone  (or  rededicated  to  another  topic  ...  like  Peruvian 
love  poetry)  the  next.  As  my  Editor  always  tells  me  ... 
verify,  verify  and  reverify.  Don't  rely  on  just  one  source. 
The  first  thing  you  have  to  master  is  use  of  the  search 

engines.  Yahoo,  Lycos,  Excite  and  the  rest  have  some 
pretty  impressive  databases  to  draw  from  and  they're 
updated  regularly.  But  each  one.has  ways  to  get  the  most 
out  of  a search.  Read  the  tips  page  on  how  to  phrase  your 
query  (syntax).  That'll  help  you  get  to  those  sites  which 
are  most  likely  to  contain  the  information  you're  looking 
for.  That  way  you  avoid  sites  like  the  guy  who  believes 

frogs  are  actually  CIA  agents  in  disguise 
and  a covert  way  for  "big  brother"  to 
keep  an  eye  on  all  of  us. 

Knowing  who  you're  connected  with 
helps.  There  are  a lot  of  personal  web 
pages  that  are  legitimate,  but  you  can 
never  be  too  sure.  In  my  experience.  I've 
found  some  of  the  most  useful  sites  to 
be  those  maintained  by  educational 
organizations.  Look  for  URL's  with  the 
.edu  extension.  Not  a total  guarantee, 
but  a good  starting  point.  Also,  addresses  ending  in  .org 
can  yield  some  terrific  finds.  Don't  avoid  commercial 
(.com)  sites  completely.  Some  are  great  and,  most  impor- 
tantly, free  (thanks  to  advertising). 
(  offers  a variety  of  topic  ideas 
for  term  paper  assignments.  Select  from  one  of  five  subject 
areas  and  find  a subject  to  write  on, 
along  with  some  reference  suggestions 
from  eLibrary  and  infoseek. 

The  Library  of  Congress  is  online 
(  and  offers  documents, 
photographs  and  exhibits  on  American 
history  and  government.  Most  universi- 
ties now  have  sites  which  contain 
graduate  dissertations,  research  papers 
and  reference  works  on  a number  of 
subjects.  Everywhere  you  look,  there's  information  to  be 

While  accessing  the  net  to  find  some  help  on  that  one 
algebra  problem  or  to  develop  better  study  habits  doesn't 
require  attribution,  research  papers  do.  Traditional  school 
writing/style  guides  do  a good  job  in  guiding  you 



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rcuidr*)  lUl  Wl  Atrmra’i  r«7  Ijesvxcti  *n»  Lrjux  [ iff  K'-O'  Cwleihoti  V-k  r;  fi  v-  Lx 
SnvtVct  T..  M 



|*mericoil/o  may  -om  Cnija 

THOMAS:  Legislate 






each  week  on  Navy/Marine  Corps  News 

You  can  check  out 

through  formats  for  bibliographies,  footnotes,  etc.  I've 
seen  some,  though,  that  don't  take  into  account  reference 
material  found  on  the  web.  If  your  school  has  a writing 
guide,  get  it.  If  it  doesn't  deal  with  the  net,  ask.  Professors 
get  pretty  particular  when  it  comes  to  proper  attribution. 

Getting  school  work  done  with  the  help  of  cyberspace 
is  getting  easier  and  better.  One  person  I know  even  used 
e-mail  as  a way  to  interview  experts  on  a topic  for  use  in 
his  research.  The  possibilities  are  sky-high  and,  as  more 
libraries  and  schools  come  on  line,  getting  higher. 

Now,  get  back  to  work!  Hit  those  books. ..or  should  I say, 

Know  your  topic:  It's  useful  to  know  at  least  some- 

thing about  your  subject.  It  helps  when  you're  heading  to 
a search  engine  for  find  that  elusive  "perfect  site." 

Narrow  your  search:  Learn  how  search  engines  work. 
Each  one  has  a link  to  search  techniques  which  help  you 
configure  your  request  and  increase  the  chance  for 

Check  the  source:  Be  wary  of  all  sites!  There  are  some 
personal  sites  with  great  information,  but  look  for  those 
with  ".edu"  extensions.  This  means  the  site  resides  on  an 
educational  server. 

Read  your  school's  style  guide:  Most  schools  recognize 
the  net's  usefulness,  but  have  specific  rules  on  how  you 
use  web  resources  in  bibliographies,  footnotes,  etc.  £ 

Helping  the  Kids 

If  you're  a parent  and  the  kids  want  to  use  the 
net  for  homework  help,  here's  some  things  to 
remember.  First,  there  are  some  (not  many,  but 
some)  nuts  out  there.  Sit  down  with  your  kids, 
but  be  warned,  this  means  you'll  have  to  talk 
with  them,  too!  And,  as  a bonus,  let  them  do  the 
keystroking  ...  it's  the  best  way  to  keep  their 
interest  and  they  might  even  learn  something. 
Secondly,  there  are  a number  of  sites  offering 
completed  term  papers  (with  bibliography)  on 
any  number  of  topics.  I may  be  reaching  here, 
but  isn't  that  cheating? 

Here's  a few  sites  I found  that  offer  some 
good  help  for  kids  in  elementary  and  high 
school:  A site  estab- 
lished by  a teacher  at  Trabuco  Hills  High  School 
in  California  with  help  in  (you  guessed  it)  math. 
Her  daughter-in-law,  also  a teacher,  offers 
science  help  at  "". 
homework/:  Just  one  of  many  homework  help- 
ers maintained  and  sponsored  by  newspapers, 
radio  stations,  etc.  Links  to  many  useful  math, 
science,  history  and  research  sites.  A hypertext  Webster 
English  dictionary. 

If  your  pride-n-joy  are  getting  older,  you 
might  remember  that  hundreds  (if  not  thou- 
sands) of  scholarship  organizations  maintain 
web  sites! 

P.S.  There  are  thousands  of  sites  not  listed.  U.S.  Navy  does  not  endorse  or  support  any  sites  listed  nor  the 
links  found  on  any  of  them. 



Eye  on  the  Fleet 

A AA  David  L.  Teachey  stands  watch  on  the  Landing 
Signal  Officer  platform  to  report  landing  gear  and  tailhook 
are  down  while  a Carrier  Onboard  Delivery  aircraft 
attached  to  Fleet  Tactical  Support  Squadron  (VRC)  30 
makes  its  final  approach  to  the  flight  deck  of  USS  Nimitz 
(CVN  68). 

Eye  on  the  Fleet  is  a new  monthly  photo  feature  that 
will  showcase  today’s  Navy  operating  around  the 
world  “ Forward  ...From  the  Sea .”  We  are  looking  for 
submissions  from  fleet  Sailors  like  you  who  have 
captured  high  impact  moments  of  Sailors  in  action. 
Submissions  must  include  full  credit  and  cutline 
information,  including:  full  name,  rank,  duty  station 
and  phone  number  of  the  photographer;  names  of  the 
identifiable  people  in  the  photos;  details  on  what’s 
happening  and  where  the  photo  was  taken.  Captions 
must  be  attached  to  each  photo  or  slide.  Send  your 
submissions  to: 

2701  S CAPITOL  ST  SW 
WASHINGTON,  DC  20373-5819 

A OSSN  Gary  Sadler,  from  Wellsburg,  W.Va.,  monitors  the 
movement  of  ships  in  the  Arabian  Gulf  from  the  combat  center 
aboard  USS  Normandy  (CG  60)  Dec.  5,  1997.  Normandy  is 
currently  conducting  operations  in  the  Arabian  Gulf  during  a six- 
month  deployment. 



Photo  by  PH2  James  Walson  Photo  by  PHAN  Joseph  Strevel 

PHAN  Johnnie  Robbins  PH3  Michael  L.  Greene 



Y AD3  Aretha  E.  Southwell,  of  New  York  City,  performs  mainte- 
nance on  a starter  control  valve  prior  to  installation  on  an  E-2C 
Hawkeye  Carrier-based  airborne  early  warning  aircraft  aboard 
the  aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68). 

Y SM3  James  Hage,  of  Jefferson,  Ore.,  signals  another  ship 
from  the  aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68)  as  Nimitz , the 
aircraft  carrier  USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73)  and  the 
amphibious  assault  ship  USS  Peleliu  (LHA  5)  battle  groups 
merge  into  formation.  The  ships  are  currently  operating  in  the 
Arabian  Gulf  in  support  of  Operation  Southern  Watch. 

A The  aircraft  carrier  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74) 
launches  a RIM-7  NATO  Sea  Sparrow  System  (NSSM) 
missile  during  a missile  exercise.  Sea  Sparrow  is  also 
used  for  the  Basic  Point  Missile  Defense  System  for 
anti-ship  missile  defense. 

< AOAN  Derrick  Coach,  from  Birmingham,  Ala., 
moves  AIM-9  Sidewinder  missiles  across  the  flight 
deck  of  the  aircraft  carrier  USS  George  Washington 
(CVN  73).  The  “GW”  is  deployed  to  the  Arabian  Gulf  in 
support  of  Operation  Southern  Watch. 



PHAN  Glenne  E.  Cook  III 

Around  the  Fleet 

Mohawk  recovers  Navy  F-14  jet  remains 

Sections  of  the  wing  and  fuselage  of  a Navy  F-14 
Tomcat  fighter  jet  from  Fighter  Squadron  101  based  in 
Oceana,  Va. , were  pulled  from  the  watery  depths  and 
placed  aboard  Military  Sealift  Command  fleet  tug 
USNS  Mohawk  (T-ATS  170)  during  salvage  and  recov- 
ery operations.  The 
fighter  jet  crashed  into 
the  Atlantic  ocean  during 
training  maneuvers  late 
last  year. 

After  an  exhausting 
30-hour  search  for  the 
missing  plane,  wreckage 
of  the  F-14  was  discov- 
ered in  approximately  293  feet  of  water. 

Bad  weather  conditions  and  rough  seas  hampered 
recovery  efforts.  The  Magnum  6000,  an  underwater, 
remotely  operated  vehicle  and  salvage  system  used  for 
the  first  time  on  board  a Navy  vessel-was  launched  to 

recover  sections  of  the  aircraft  and  equipment. 

"Weather  was  a big  concern  for  all  of  us,"  said  Capt. 
Garry  Wanzor,  Mohawk' s master.  "We  were  not  far 
from  Cape  Hatteras  which  is  not  the  place  to  be  during 

The  threat  of  bad 
weather  conditions 
forced  Mohawk  and  her 
crew  to  return  to  the 
safety  of  Little  Creek 
twice  before  recovery 
operations  were  com- 

The  pilot  and  the  radar 
intercept  officer  ejected  from  the  Tomcat  just  moments 
before  the  aircraft  crashed  into  the  water  about  50  miles 
off  the  North  Carolina  coast  while  on  training  maneu- 
vers. The  jet's  Radar  Intercept  Officer,  CDR  Craig  A. 
Roll,  was  rescued,  but  the  pilot  has  not  yet  been  found. 

Navy  honors  its 
finest  recruiters 

Chief  Electrician's  Mate 
(SW)  Rene  E.  Ferreras  and 
LT  Michael  D.  Niedert  were 
named  the  Navy's  top  1997 
enlisted  and  officer  recruit- 
ers during  recent  "Recruit- 
er of  the  Year"  (ROY) 

RADM  Barbara  Mc- 
Gann,  commander.  Navy 
Recruiting  Command 
(CNRC),  Secretary  of 
Defense  William  S.  Cohen, 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
ADM  Jay  L.  Johnson  and 
Chief  of  Naval  Personnel 
VADM  Daniel  T.  Oliver  in 
recognized  the  eight  ROYs 

and  their  spouses. 

Ferreras  was  a first  class 
petty  officer  when  he 
arrived  for  the  ceremonies. 
During  an  office  call  with 
the  CNO,  Ferreras  was 
promoted  to  chief  petty 
officer.  The  Quezon  City, 
Philippines,  native  is 
stationed  at  Navy  Recruit- 
ing Station  (NRS)  Mira 
Mesa  in  Navy  Recruiting 
District  (NRD)  San  Diego. 

"If  you  put  100  percent 
effort  into  everything  you 
do,  you'll  get  back  100 
percent  in  results,"  Ferreras 
said.  "This  honor  is  defi- 
nitely the  high  point  of  my 
career.  Recruiting  duty  has 

taught  me  how  to  deal  with 
people  very  effectively  and 
how  to  be  a better  manag- 

Niedert  is  the  Officer 
Programs  Officer  for  NRD 
Kansas  City,  Mo.  The 
Waterloo,  Iowa,  native 
achieved  more  than  100 
percent  of  goal  in  all 
categories  assigned  to  him 
during  FY97. 

The  rest  of  this  year's 
top  recruiters  were: 

— Yeoman  1st  Class 
(SW/AW)  Daniel  D.  Burke, 
NRD  Kansas  City,  Mo., 
Support  Recruiter  of  the 
Year.  The  Columbia,  Mo., 
native  serves  as  the  admin- 

istrative assistant. 

— Personnelman  1st 
Class  Timothy  A.  Deane, 
Classifier  of  the  Year. 
Deane,  from  Calais,  Maine, 
is  the  classifier  of  the 
Military  Entrance  Process- 
ing Station  in  Seattle. 

— Machinist's  Mate  1st 
Class  (SS)  Mark  A.  Engler, 
Advanced  Programs 
Recruiter  of  the  Year.  The 
York,  Pa.,  native  is  sta- 
tioned at  NRD  Richmond, 

— LT  Christian  A.  Paul, 
NRD  Nashville,  Medical 
Recruiter  of  the  Year. 

— Ocean  Systems 
Technician  (Analyst)  1st 



Class  Anthony  Reihl, 
Recruiter-in-Charge  of  the 
Year.  Originally  from  Bryn 
Mawr,  Pa.,  he  now  works  at 
the  Joint  Maritime  Facility 
in  Cornwall,  England. 

— Master  Chief  Navy 
Counselor  (SW)  Carlis  N. 
Womack  from  NRD  Seattle, 
is  the  Chief  Recruiter  of  the 

USS  Thomas  S. 
Gates  rescues 
two  men  at  sea 

the  end  of  their  six-month 
deployment,  USS  Thomas 
S.  Gates  (CG  51)  pulled  into 
Bermuda  to  embark  39  of 
their  family  and  friends  for 
a two-day  Tiger  Cruise 
back  to  Norfolk.  The 
guided-missile  cruiser 
received  a distress  call 
concerning  a small  boat 
adrift  25  miles  north  of 
Bermuda  and  its  crew  was 
in  need  of  assistance. 

A two-man  crew  had 
been  sailing  the  30-foot 
French  sloop,  Glou  Glou, 
from  Nantucket,  Mass.,  to 
Bermuda  when  bad 
weather  came  upon  them 
and  capsized  their  boat. 
David  Dietz,  the  boat's 
captain,  reported  that  the 
yacht  was  hit  by  50-foot 
seas  and  60  mph  winds 
that  tore  off  the  mast  and 
rolled  the  boat  360  degrees. 

With  the  mast  gone  and 
a broken  engine  shaft, 

Dietz,  and  his  crew  mem- 
ber Eric  Humphrey,  rigged 
a sail  that  allowed  them  to 
travel  250  miles.  Unfortu- 
nately, just  north  of  Bermu- 
da, the  winds  shifted  and 
started  to  push  them  away 
from  the  island.  Dietz 
made  an  electronic  distress 
signal  which  was  picked 
up  by  aircraft  from  USS 
John  F.  Kennedy  (CV  67). 
Thomas  S.  Gates  was  sent  to 
make  the  rescue. 

When  Thomas  S.  Gates 
arrived  at  the  scene,  the 
sloop  looked  battered. 
Barely  visible  from  the 
ships'  bridge  due  to  the 
seas,  she  deployed  her 
Rigid  Hull  Inflatable  Boat 
(RHIB)  to  aid  the  crew. 

The  Navy  cruiser  had  to 
position  herself  upwind  of 
the  two  small  boats  to 
block  the  wind  so  that  the 
RHIB  crew  could  bring  the 
sloop's  crew  safely  aboard. 

"It  was  a good  mis- 
sion," said  RHIB  coxswain 
Boatswain's  Mate  2nd 
Class  (SW)  Michael  Mars- 
den.  "It  really  feels  good 
to  know  that  those  two 
men  will  not  have  to  spend 
another  day  adrift." 

Following  their  pick-up, 
the  two  rescued  sailors 
were  given  a medical 
examination  and  a hot 
meal  and  a ride  to  Norfolk. 


Self-taught  artist  completes  mural 


Watch  out!  The  hallway 
is  full  of  sharks  and 
airplanes.  Air  Traffic 
Controller  2nd  Class  (AW) 
Christopher  Tognocchi  has 
used  his  natural  talents  to 
transform  an  otherwise 
dark  stairwell  in  the 
northwest  end  of  Bldg. 

385,  NAS  Whidbey 
Island,  Wash. 

Tognocchi  volunteered 
to  head  a self-help  work- 
ing team  to  upgrading  the 
area.  With  help  from  the 
Public  Works  Self-Help 
Division  and  Chief 
Aviation  Boatswain's  Mate 
Peter  Ang  of  Airfield 
Facilities,  Tognocchi  began 
his  project.  Beginning  at 
the  bottom  of  the  staircase 
and  ascending  the  stair- 
well, you  see  an 
scene  of  whales, 
sharks,  dolphins 
and  a colorful 
school  of  smaller 

Farther  up 
you  see  a shore- 
line, an  eye-level 
view  of  Mount 
Baker  and  an 
overhead  view  of 
the  original  air 

As  you  climb 
toward  the  Air 

Traffic  Control  Facility, 
you  move  into  busy  air- 
craft traffic  patterns. 

When  you  reach  the  top  of 
the  stairs,  there  is  a 
painting  of  the  space 
shuttle  Columbia. 

Other  aesthetic  im- 
provements included  rope 
tie  details  on  the  hand- 
rails by  AC2  Jason  Hatha- 
way and  ACAN  Julie 
Wagner.  New  tiles  and 
stair  coverings  were  laid 
in  by  a team  of  ACs. 

Tognocchi  took  three 
months  to  complete  the 
project.  The  self-taught 
artist  recently  received  a 
lateral  conversion  to  the 
cryptologic  technician 
(CT)  rating  and  moved  to 
Pensacola,  Fla.  with  his 
wife  and  son.  £ 




State  primaries  announced 

All  states  and  U.S.  territories  will  hold  primary  elections  for  federal  and 
state  officials  from  March  10  to  Oct.  3, 1998.  Navy  personnel  are  strongly 
encouraged  to  participate  in  these  elections  and  command  voting  assistance 
officers  should  emphasize  maximum  participation  by  all  hands. 

The  following  states  and  U.S.  territories  have  scheduled  primaries: 

March  10  - Texas 

March  17  - Illinois 

May  5 - Indiana,  North  Carolina, 


May  12  - Nebraska,  West  Virginia 
May  19  - Arkansas,  Oregon, 
May  26  - Idaho,  Kentucky 
June  2 - Alabama,  California,  Iowa, 
Mississippi,  Montana,  New  Jersey, 
New  Mexico,  South  Dakota 
June  9 - Maine,  North  Dakota, 
South  Carolina,  Virginia 
June  23  - Utah 
July  21  - Georgia 
August  4 - Kansas,  Michigan, 

August  6 - Tennessee 
August  11  - Colorado 
August  18  - Wyoming 
August  25  - Alaska,  Oklahoma 
September  1 - Florida,  Nevada 

The  Naval  Transportation  Sup- 
port Center  in  Norfolk  has  estab- 
lished a toll-free  hotline  for  Sailors 
to  check  on  the  status  of  their  Do-It- 
Yourself  (DITY)  move  claims.  The 
number  is  1-888-742-4467. 

Service  members  can  call  the  toll- 

September  5 - Guam 
September  8 - Arizona,  New 
Hampshire,  Vermont,  Virgin 
Islands,  Wisconsin 
September  12  - Delaware 
September  15  - Connecticut,  District 
of  Columbia,  Maryland, 
Massachusetts,  Minnesota,  New 
York,  Rhode  Island,  Washington 
September  19  - Hawaii 
October  3 - Louisiana 
November  3 - General  Election 
The  toll-free  Voter  Hotline,  1-800- 
368-5056,  is  available  for  Navy 
personnel  and  their  families  with 
voting  questions  in  CONUS  (except 
Virginia),  Alaska,  Hawaii,  and  the 
Virgin  Islands.  In  Virginia  and 
overseas,  call  DSN  224-3248  or  (703) 
614-3248,  Mon.  to  Fri.,  7:30  a.m.  to 
4:30  p.m.  (EST).  Mark  your  calendar 
and  don't  forget  to  vote.  (BUPERS) 

free  number  to  find  out  when  their 
DITY  claim  is  received;  when  a 
claim  is  processed;  the  amount  of  a 
refund  check,  if  one  is  warranted; 
and  when  the  check  will  be  mailed. 
The  automated  response  also  tells 
callers  if  their  claim  is  being  held  up 
for  any  reason,  and  gives  instruc- 
tions on  how  to  contact  someone  to 
get  more  information. 

The  automated  toll-free 
number  is  available  24 
hours-a-day.  Customer 
service  is  available 
Monday  through  Friday 
between  1 p.m.  and  4 
p.m.  (EST). 

Don’t  spend 
the  extra  yet! 

Sailors  are  not  responsible  for 
calculating  their  pay,  but  they  are 
responsible  for  questioning 
anything  which  isn't  normal,  or 
risk  being  charged  with  larceny, 
according  to  a recent  ruling 
handed  down  by  the  U.S.  Court 
of  Appeals  for  Armed  Forces. 

Computerized  systems,  equal 
pay  periods,  and  Leave  and 
Earnings  Statements  (LES)  have 
made  budgeting  your  pay  easy. 
You  should  be  getting  the  same 
amount  every  payday. 

But  computers  are  only  as 
smart  as  their  operators  and  the 
electricity  they  run  on.  When 
you  notice  a radical  difference  in 
your  pay  from  last  payday  and 
you  aren't  due  for  a longevity 
raise,  promotion  or  the  annual 
pay  raise,  any  great  difference  in 
pay  may  be  an  error.  You  may  be 
the  recipient  of  more  pay  than 
you  deserve. 

Sailors  who  haven't  reported 
the  difference  to  their  Disbursing 
Offices  have  found  themselves 
held  liable  for  stealing.  Even  if 
you  do  notice  and  report  a 
questionable  payday  - and 
nothing  changes  - you  are  still 
liable  for  the  overpayment. 
Regular  disbursing  audits 
balance  payments  made  with 
those  due.  You  will  eventually 
have  to  reimburse  that  amount, 
so  bank  the  overage. 

Look  at  it  this  way  - would 
you  rush  in  to  your  disbursing 
office  and  insist  on  knowing  why 
you  were  paid  too  little?  Rush  in 
if  you're  being  paid  too  much, 
too.  It  could  be  the  smartest 
move  you  make.  (NAVNEWS) 

Toll-free  number  established 
to  check  DITY  claims 



New  tuition  assistance  policy 
announced  for  FY98 

Navy  officials  recently  an- 
nounced the  Tuition  Assistance 
(TA)  Policy  for  FY98  that  pro- 
vides $2,500  for  undergraduate 
courses  and  $3,500  for  graduate 
courses.  The  new  policy  applies 
to  both  officer  and  enlisted 

This  is  the  final  year  that 
tuition  assistance  (TA)  policies 
will  be  set  by  the  individual 
military  services.  Beginning  next 
fiscal  year,  TA  policy  will  be  set 
by  the  Department  of  Defense 
and  will  be  uniform  for  all 
branches.  Starting  Oct.  1,  1998, 
the  policy  will  be  $3,500  per 
member,  with  a $187.50  per  credit 
hour  cap,  regardless  of  the  level 
of  study. 

No  course  caps  or  other  restric- 
tions apply.  Requests  for  waivers 
to  exceed  the  limits  will  not  be 

In  announcing  the  FY98  policy. 

the  Chief  of  Naval  Personnel 
reiterated  the  Navy's  view  that 
education  is  one  of  the  top 
quality  of  life  priorities  and 
encouraged  Sailors  to  participate 
in  a voluntary  education  pro- 
gram. He  pointed  out  that  the 
Program  for  Afloat  College 
Education  (PACE)  is  now  open  to 
all  ships  on  a continuous  basis. 
He  also  said  that  the  12  Academ- 
ic Skills  Learning  Centers  sched- 
uled to  open  in  FY98  will  bring 
the  Navy's  world-wide  total  to 
21.  An  ASLC  provides  a Sailor  a 
place  to  prepare  for  college  or 
study  to  raise  their  ASVAB 

Additional  information 
regarding  TA  policy  is  available 
in  NAVADMIN  245/97  or  by 
calling  Dr.  Fran  Kelly  at  BUPERS, 
703-693-1749,  DSN  223-1749  or 
LCDR  Kate  Lowell  at  703-693- 
1738,  DSN  223-1738.  (BUPERS) 

Early  separation  policy  returns 
to  MILPERSMAN  format 

Early  separation  requests  are  again 
being  processed  through  the  MILP- 
ERSMAN procedure,  announced  in 
NAVADMIN  265/97  by  the  Bureau  of 
Naval  Personnel. 

Earlier  this  year,  NAVADMIN  007/ 
97  gave  commanding  officers  ex- 
panded authority  for  granting  early 
separation  requests,  as  long  as  the 
units  were  willing  to  accept  a gapped 
billet.  With  the  Navy  approaching 
steady  state,  the  service  is  focusing 
even  more  on  retaining  highly 
qualified  and  skilled  Sailors  and 
improving  retention  in  all  areas. 

In  FY97,  approximately  800  Sailors 
were  released  under  the  early  separa- 

tion program,  and  this  program 
expired  at  the  end  of  the  fiscal  year. 
Commanding  officers  still  have 
authority  to  separate  enlisted  person- 
nel for  specific  situations,  outlined  in 
MILPERSMAN  3620100,  where 
members  have  90  days  or  less 
obligated  service  to  complete  before 
their  end  of  active  obligated  service 

Requests  that  require  BUPERS 
approval  will  be  considered  on  a 
case-by-case  basis  with  emphasis  on 
unit  and  Navywide  manning  levels 
of  the  member's  assigned  rate  and 
Navy  enlisted  classification  (NEC) 
code.  (BUPERS) 

Navy  programs 
gear  up  as  tax 
season  nears 

The  Navy  wide  volunteer 
income  tax  assistance  (VITA)  and 
electronic  tax  filing  programs 
(ELF)  are  already  gearing  up  for 
the  1998  tax  season. 

Last  year.  Navy  volunteers 
prepared  almost  150,000  state  and 
federal  returns,  providing  services 
valued  at  close  to  $11.5  million. 

The  Navy  is  looking  to  expand  the 
VITA /ELF  programs  even  more 
this  coming  tax  season. 

Legal  offices,  family  service 
centers,  staff  judge  advocate  offices 
and  command  financial  specialists 
have  already  asked  for  122  of  the 
Navy's  140  electronic  filing 
licenses  to  bring  free  electronic  tax 
filing  services  to  their  shipmates  in 
1998.  Last  year.  Navy  tax  programs 
operated  on  every  continent  at  119 
sites,  including  34  ships,  and 
doubled  the  amount  of  tax  assis- 
tance provided  in  1996.  The  ELF 
program  manager  for  CNO,  the 
Office  of  the  Judge  Advocate 
General's  (OJAG)  legal  assistance 
division,  anticipates  the  amount  of 
tax  assistance  provided  in  1998 
will  continue  to  increase. 

Commands  who  do  not  cur- 
rently have  access  to  a military 
electronic  tax  filing  program  and 
are  interested  in  operating  one 
should  contact  OJAG  (Code  36)  for 
information  and  assistance  at  DSN 
221-7928  or  (703)  325-7928.  (OJAG) 

Rights  and  Benefits 

The  instruction  number  for  the 
Adoption  Expense  Reimburse- 
ment Program  is  SECNAVINST 
1745.3A.  (BUPERS) 




Quartermaster  3rd  Class  (Surface  Warfare)  Wanda  F. 
Wright  was  selected  Fleet  Area  Control  and  Surveil- 
lance Facility,  Virginia  Capes,  at  NAS  Oceana,  Va., 
Junior  Sailor  of  the  Quarter,  3rd  Quarter,  1997.  The 
Waycross,  Ga.,  native  is  assigned  to  the  Schedules/ 
Safety  Division  as  the  Assistant  Safety  Officer.  She  has 
qualified  as  a Military  Training  Routes  Specialist,  a job 
usually  assigned  to  Air  Traffic  Controllers. 

Hospital  Corpsman  2nd  Class  (Surface  Warfare) 
James  B.  Area  was  selected  as  the  Navy  Environmen- 
tal and  Preventive  Medicine  Unit  No.  2 Sailor  of  the 
Quarter,  1st  Quarter,  1997.  He  is  a preventive  medi- 
cine tech  assigned  to  the  Industrial  Hygiene  Depart- 
ment. During  the  quarter,  he  assisted  in  three  indus- 
trial hygiene  surveys,  conducted  two  noise  surveys 
and  taught  industrial  hygiene  courses  to  30  people. 

Dental  Technician  2nd  Class  (Surface  Warfare)  Tony 
A.  Lauderdale  was  selected  as  USS  Frank  Cable  (AS 
40)  Junior  Sailor  of  the  Quarter,  2nd  Quarter,  1997. 
The  Atlanta  native  is  the  dental  department's  supply 
petty  officer,  and  is  responsible  for  ordering  all 
supplies  for  the  department,  as  well  as  tracking  the 
department's  budget  and  managing  the  supply  back 

Aviation  Machinist's  Mate  2nd  Class  John  F.  Beck 

was  selected  as  Sailor  of  the  Quarter,  2nd  Quarter, 
1997,  for  Naval  Air  Reserve  Point  Mugu,  Calif.  The 
Sterling  Heights,  Mich.,  native  was  responsible  for  the 
research,  update  and  submission  of  the  annual  review 
for  two  HH-60H  helicopter  maintenance  courses. 
During  the  quarter,  he  also  provided  92  hours  of 
classroom  instruction  to  Selected  Reserve  personnel. 

Electrician's  Mate  2nd  Class  (Surface  Warfare)  Chris- 
topher G.  Shaw  was  selected  as  Junior  Shore  Sailor  of 
the  Quarter,  2nd  Quarter,  1997,  for  Fleet  Information 
Warfare  Center  Det.,  San  Diego.  The  Greenwood,  Miss., 
native  is  the  Command  Facility  Maintenance  Electri- 
cian and  Command  Hazardous  Material  Coordinator. 
He  saved  the  command  more  than  $3,500  by  upgrading 
and  installing  facility  lighting  and  power  receptacles. 

Your  shipmate's  face  could  be  here!  Does  your 
command  have  a Sailor,  civilian  employee  or  family 
member  whose  accomplishments  deserve  recogni- 
tion? Send  a short  write-up  and  full-face  color  print  or 
slide  to:  All  Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Pubs  Division,  NAVSTA  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
All  Hands  Art.  Director 
JOCS  Cary  Casola 
All  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 
William  E.  Beamon 
DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 
SN  Michael  Noeth 

Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002- 
5577)  (Number  970)  is  published  monthly  by 
Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division, 

Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373- 
5819.  Periodical-class  postage  is  paid  at 
Washington,  D.C.  20374  and  additional 
mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superinten- 
dent of  Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing 
Office,  Washington,  D.C.  20402  or  call  (202) 

Postmaster:  Send  address  changes  to  All 
Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia, 
Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W., 
Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and 
correspondence  to:  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor,  Naval 
Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol 
St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 
Phone  (202)  433-41 71  or  DSN  288-41 71 . Fax 
(202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747.  E-mail: 
allhands @  Message: 

Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy 
has  determined  this  publication  is  necessary 
in  the  transaction  of  business  required  by  law 
of  the  Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for 
printing  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee.  ClipArt 
Images  from  CorelDraw  6.0  were  used  to 
prepare  this  magazine. 



Any  Day  in  the  Navy  1998 

Any  day  of  the  week  May  4-10  is  a typical  day  in  the  Navy.  That’s  why  it’s  so  important  to  us. 

All  Hands. 

Photographs  taken 
should  reflect  the  diversity  of 
both  people  and  capabilities 
in  the  U.S.  Navy  and  must 
be  shot  during  the  week  of 
Monday,  May  4 through 
Sunday,  May  10,  1998. 
Photos  depicting  safety  or 
uniform  violations  will  not  be 
considered.  The  best  shots 
tend  to  be  candid  and 
unrehearsed,  displaying  the 
imagination  and  creativity  of 
the  photographer. 

Submissions  must 
include  full  credit  and 
cutline  information,  includ- 
ing: full  name,  rank,  duty 
station  and  phone  number 
of  the  photographer;  the 
names  and  hometowns  of 
identifiable  people  in  the 

Wanted  are  quality  photographs  that  capture 

Sailors,  Marines,  Navy  civilians,  Naval  Reserv- 
ists and  family  members  performing  daily  tasks, 
interacting  with  each  other  and/or  otherwise  contributing 
to  mission  accomplishment.  The  shoot  has  been  extend- 
ed to  encompass  an  entire 
week  to  allow  commands 
more  flexibility.  Selected 
photos  will  be  published  in 
the  October  1998  issue  of 

photos;  details  on  what’s  happening  and  where  the 
photos  were  taken.  Captions  must  be  attached  individual- 
ly to  each  photo  or  each  slide. 

Photos  must  be  processed  and  received  (not  post- 
marked) by  All  Hands  by  May  30,  1998.  Photos  will  not  be 

returned.  Submit  pro- 

0 cessed  and  mounted 
% color  slides,  or  quality 

1 color  prints,  either  5X7  or 
1 8X10.  Digital  images  will 
a also  be  accepted.  Just 
Ej  mail  a zip  disk  containing 
| the  high  resolution  JPEG 

images  with  cutlines  and 
photo  credits  embedded. 
Zip  disks  will  not  be 
returned.  You  may  also 
download  high  resolution 
JPEG  images  directly  to 
the  News  Photo  Division 
of  CHINFO  by  dialing 
(703)  521-1370  or  (703) 
521-1713.  Mark  all 
images  as  “Any  Day 

Mail  submissions  to: 
Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division, 
ATTN:  All  Hands,  Photo 
Editor,  NAVSTA  Anacos- 
tia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.  20373-5819. 

Photocopy  this  form  and  attach  a completed  copy  to  each  photo  you  submit. 


Full  name: 


Duty  station  (including  mailing  address  and  phone  number):  


Where  photograph  was  shot:  _ 

Caption  (what  the  photo  depicts): 

People  in  the  photo  (include  first  and  last  names,  ranks/ratings,  warfare  designators  and  hometowns): 

NAME:  MT2(SS)  Jon  Bellinfante 

COMMAND:  Strategic  Weapons  Facility, 
Atlantic,  Kings  Bay,  Ga. 

HOMETOWN:  Anaheim,  Calif 

HOBBIES:  Computer  games,  sports  and 

Island  (SSBN  740)  (Gold) 

FAVORITE  QUOTE:  “When  you  cease  to 
make  a contribution,  you  begin  to  die.” 

KEYS  TO  SUCCESS:  Volunteering  with 
the  Personal  Excellence  Partnership 
(PEP),  the  St.  Mary’s  Police  Department 
and  the  Carl  Vinson  VA  Hospital. 

GOALS:  To  become  a naval  officer  and 
get  a bachelor’s  degree  in  criminal  justice. 



1 . c 

/ ■>!  W 

' ' 


Warfare  pin 

rules  change 

It  s not  your 



Forward ... 
From  the  Med 

Smart  tax  tips 

MARCH  1998 

Number  971 


rom  the  Med 

Take  a close  look 
Sth. Fleet  in 

J.  . 

Sits  mission, 

and  why  its 

l-Q}  : ijjf 

Home  hi 

more,  than  80  operation-  and  ez&~x  rses  •encfryea 

hind  out  where  they  happened  and  what  other  coun- 
tries joined  in  the  action. 










1'0  :r  t)i 

Neatly  every  Sat  lot  and  Marine  who  has  served  in  tit 
Mediterranean  since  1980  knows  her. 

« ' ,4  ’’  ’■  i.m'T/*' 

* ■■ 

: >v* 

jl.  t w** 

0f*£  • 





wowws hk ■«<  mi: 


Search  and  Rescue  swimmer 
Petty  Officer  2nd  Class  Juan 
Caro  of  Humacao,  Puerto  Rico, 
gives  the  A-OK  sign  signaling  he 
is  ready  to  be  hoisted  back 
aboard  USS  John  Rogers  (DD 
983)  following  a successful 
recovery  during  exercise  Reliant 
Mermaid.  Photo  by  PH2  Brett 

New  ES  WS  rules  set  for  program 

The  changing  times  are  the  driving  force  behind  these 
changes  and  the  program  is  mandatory  for  advance- 

Tis  the  Season  ...  for  filing  taxes 

Nothing  in  life  is  certain  except  for  death  and  paying 
taxes.  Here  are  some  tips  that  will  help  make  the  task 
a little  easier. 


On  Line  ^ 111 
Check  us  out  at ... 

Story  by  JOl  Thomas  E.  Jones  Jr.  and  PH2  Brett  Siegel 

he  United 
States'  naval 
experience  in 
the  Mediter- 
ranean began 
as  early  as  1801.  Commo- 
dore Richard  Dale  was 
placed  in  command  of 
four  ships  with  orders  to 
patrol  the  Mediterranean 

and  prevent  the  navies 

and  pirates  of  the  Barbary  Coast  from  interfer- 
ing with  and  seizing  American  merchant 
shipping.  Dale  and  subsequent  commanders 
of  American  fleets  in  the  Mediterranean 
quickly  found  out  what  it  took  to  assemble  a 
fleet  and  fight  so  far  from  American  shores. 

Today's  6th  Fleet  carries  on  American  naval 
presence  in  the  Mediterranean  - — to  maintain 
peace  and  stability  in  this  vital  area  of  the 
world.  The  U.S.  presence  in  the  Mediterranean 
Seh||s  now  a fundamental  element  of  U.S.  and 

NATO  defense  strategies. 

The.  Cold  War  occupied  much  of  the  fleet's 
attention  until  the  breakup  of  the  Soviet 
Union  in  1991.  The  Sailors  and  Marines  of  the 
6th  Fleet,  along  with  other  U.S.  air  and  land 
forces,  worked  with  America's  NATO  allies  to 
counter  a substantial  Soviet  threat  to  the 
stability  of  the  Mediterranean  region. 

The  end  of  the  Cold  War  didn't  bring  an  end 
to  the  6th  Fleet's  mission.  The  threat  from  the 
Soviet  Union  was  replaced  by  threats  from 



'■  : , - 


;:  ' -f*V  „•  «r  >:y<. 

•■■  •■  •• 

'*i  Sailors  and  Marines 
stationed  on  board  USS 
Nashville  (LPD  1 3)  come 
to  the  aid  of  51  Americans 
fleeing  Albania  during 
Operation  Silver  Wake. 

> An  SH-3  is  directed 
to  land  by  ABH3  Nicole 
Todd,  the  landing 
signals  enlisted  on  the 
flight  deck  of  USS 
LaSalle  (AGF  3). 

A A Navy  F-14  Tomcat  fighter 
launches  to  take  part  in  one  of  6th 
Fleet’s  100-plus  exercises  and 

A Members  of  USS  Mitscher's 
(DDG  57)  Command-in-Control 
Center  watch  team  monitor  air  and 
surface  traffic  in  the  vicinity  of  a 
NATO  live-fire  missile  exercise. 

•<  An  SM-2  BLK  III  Surface  to  Air 
Missile,  fired  from  USS  Mitscher 
(DDG  57),  exits  its  launcher  tube  on 
its  way  to  meet  an  incoming  German 
Kormoran  antiship  missile  during  a 
live  fire  exercise  held  near  the  coast 
of  Crete.  The  exercise  was  comprised 
of  naval  surface  ships  and  aircraft 
from.  Germany,  Italy  and  the  United 

civil  and  ethnic  wars  in  the  Balkans,  Middle 
East  and  on  the  African  continent.  According 
to  6th  Fleet  officials,  80  percent  of  the  contin- 
gencies the  United  States  responded  to  since 
the  breakup  of  the  Soviet  Union  have  taken 
place  in  the  6th  Fleet's  area  of  responsibility. 

Many  of  the  news  headlines  during  the  past 
few  years  have  included  6th  Fleet  elements. 
For  instance,  in  June  1995,  U.S.  Marines  em- 
barked on  board  USS  Kearsarge  (LHD  3)  con- 
ducted a daring  rescue  of  Air  Force  pilot  Lt. 

Scott  O'Grady  from  deep  inside  the  hostile 
confines  of  Bosnia-Herzegovina.  Three 
months  later,  NATO  called  upon  U.S.  naval 
seapower  to  conduct  sustained  air  raids  and  to 
use  Tomahawk  cruise  missiles,  to  bring  the 
warring  parties  in  the  Balkans  to  the  peace 

The  6th  Fleet  continues  to  provide  assis- 
tance to  NATO  through  enforcement  of  a no- 
fly  zone  over  Bosnia-Herzegovina  and  the 
enforcement  of  U.N.  sanctions  against  Serbia 

MARGH  1998  3 

Photo  by  PHI  Jim  Hampshire 

Photo  by  PHI  Jim  Hampshire 

A Two  Sailors  from  USS  Cyclone  (PC  1) 
conduct  training  in  the  Mediterranean  on  board 
a RHIB  assault  craft. 

A USS  Ramage  (DDG  61)  an 
Arleigh  Burke  destroyer,  provide 
forward  presence  from  the  Mediter- 
ranean during  a recent  deployment. 

and  Montenegro. 

During  a three-year  span,  from  June  1995  to 
present,  6th  Fleet  units  were  involved  in  the 
noncombatant  evacuations  of  civilians  from 
life-endangering  situations  in  Liberia,  Sierra 
Leone,  Albania  and  the  Congo  (formerly 

While  "forward  presence"  demands  a force 
capable  of  deterring  would-be  aggressors, 
other  more  subtle  factors  are  at  work  in  6th 

The  6th  Fleet  conducts  Navy-to-navy  meet- 
ings between  the  United  States  and  other 
Mediterranean  maritime  forces  to  increase 
understanding  and  gain  an  appreciation  of 
each  other's  capabilities  and  interests.  Fur- 
thermore, the  6th  Fleet  carries  out  more  than 
80  joint  and  combined  exercises  each  year, 
plans  more  than  1,000  port  visits  a year  and 
provides  officer  exchanges  with  Mediterra- 
nean and  Black  Sea  area  nations. 

The  6th  Fleet's  area  of  responsibility  encom- 
passes some  of  the  most  significant  threats  to 
world  stability.  Fortunately,  the  fleet  is  on  call 
and  on  hand  as  a "Power  for  Peace." 

• * 

s$ixth  ^£leet 


* r-\ 
* \ 

S o' 

The  U.S.  6th  Fleet  is  operationally  organized 
into  task  forces.  Each  task  force  is  responsible 
to  the  6th  Fleet  Commander 
for  specific  functions 
related  to  assigned  units. 

Task  Force  60/Battle  Force 
6th  Fleet  — Composed  of 
one  or  more  aircraft  carri- 
ers, each  with  a comple- 
ment of  approximately  six 
cruisers  and  destroyers.  On 
board  the  aircraft  carrier  is  an 
air  wing  of  65  to  85  aircraft. 

I | 

Task  Force  61/Mediterranean  Amphibious 
Ready  Group  (MARG)  — Composed  of  ap- 
proximately three  amphibious  ships  and  their 
embarked  landing  craft. 

Task  Force  62  — Composed  of  a Marine  Expe- 
ditionary Unit  (MEU)  of  approximately  1,800 

Task  Force  63/Logistics  Force  6th  Fleet  — 
Composed  of  oilers,  provision  ships,  and 
repair  ships.  Its  mission  is  to  deliver  supplies 

A Two  Navy  F-14  Tomcats  conduct  training 
while  on  deployment  to  the  Mediterranean. 

A A shell  ejects  from  a 9mm  pistol  fired 
by  ENS  Dan  Ruhl  of  Madison,  Miss., 
during  small  arms  qualification  on  USS 
LaSalle's  flight  deck. 

A VADM  Steve  Abbot  (COMSTRIKFORSOUTH),  ADM  Lopez  (CNE, 
AFSOUTH)  and  Army  Gen.  Wesley  Clark  (EUCOM/SACEUR)  arrive 
on  a Navy  ship  for  a NATO  operations  briefing. 

at  sea  and  make  repairs  to  other  ships  and 
equipment  of  the  fleet. 

Task  Force  66/69  — Responsible  for  planning 
and  coordinating  area  submarine  and  antisub- 
marine warfare  operations  in  the  Mediterra- 

Task  Force  67  — Composed  of  land-based 
maritime  patrol  aircraft.  These  aircraft 
operate  over  the  waters  of  the  Mediter- 
ranean in  antisubmarine,  reconnais- 
sance, surveillance  and  mining  roles. 

J/^earing  different  hats 

Commander,  U.S.  6th  Fleet  is  respon- 
sible for  commanding  Navy  ships  in  the 
Mediterranean/Adriatic  and  Black  Seas. 
But  the  vice  admiral-in-charge-of-the 
fleet  also  wears  another  important  hat 
— Commander,  Naval  Striking  and 
Support  Forces  Southern  Europe 

This  NATO  position  places  the  6th 
Fleet  commander  in  charge  of  a staff  of 
50  allied  personnel,  as  well  as  NATO 

Task  Force  502  (carrier  forces).  Task  Force  503 
(amphibious  forces),  and  Task  Force  504  (land- 
ing forces). 

Naval  Striking  and  Support  Forces  Southern 
Europe  is  a subordinate  command  of  Allied 
Forces  Southern  Europe  (AFSOUTH),  head- 
quartered in  Naples,  Italy.  + 

Photo  by  PH2  Joseph  Gunder  Photo  by  PH2  Brett  Siegel 






■*  • 








(Noncombatant  Evacuation  Operation 




(NEO)  Albania) 









(contributed  assets  NEO  Zaire) 








06/01  -06/15 

(contributed  assets  NEO  Sierra  Leone) 




* Not  shown 









Operation  • Exercise  A NATO  Exercise 








TAPON  97 













09/22  - 09/24 









07/21  -07/27 






07/21  -07/27 

























0ff  duty 
in  the 


Clockwise  from  right: 
Twilight  settles  on  the 
Tiber  River  in  Rome;  the 
city’s  Trevi  Fountain  was 
made  famous  in  the 
1950’s  movie  “Three 
Coins  in  a Fountain;”  a 
Sailor  and  his  wife  visit 
Rome’s  Coliseum,  where 
gladiators  once  fought  to 
the  death. 


;',-c.r*T-T:Py7  ;•  :-j . 



Best  Ports  of  Call 

Ranked  by  Sailors,  here's  a list  of  some  of  the 
Mediterranean's  most  entertaining  spots  to 
visit.  Venice  and  Genoa,  Italy:  Augusta  Bay, 
Sicily;  Ankara,  Antalya  and  Istanbul,  Turkey; 
Rhodes,  Corfu,  Crete  and  Athens,  Greece; 
Alexandria,  Egypt;  Tunis,  Tunisia;  Haifa, 
Israel;  Cannes  and  Toulon,  France;  Valletta, 
Malta;  Palma  de  Majorca,  Barcelona,  Beni- 
dorm  and  Torremolinos,  Spain;  Lisbon, 
Portugal;  and  Casablanca,  Morocco. 

Clockwise  from  top:  The 
sun  sets  over  a Venice 
beach;  a boy  finds  a flock 
of  new  friends  in  Old 
Rhodes,  Greece;  a man 
and  his  camel  make  their 
way  past  one  of  Egypt’s 
pyramids;  a gondola  pilot 
navigates  one  of  Venice’s 
famous  canals. 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  PH2  Brett  Siegel 

Watch  the  sun  set 

slowly  behind  the 
Coliseum  in  Rome  or 
gaze  at  a 400-year-old  painting  at 
the  Uffizi  Gallery  in  Florence.  No, 
it's  not  a movie,  but  a normal 
weekend  for  the  Sailors  and 
families  stationed  at  the  Naval 
Support  Activity  (NSA)  Naples, 

The  opportunity  to  travel  for 
Sailors  stationed  at  NSA  is  only  a 
train  ride  away.  Trains  in  Naples 
run  to  Rome  every  hour.  Fares  are 
very  reasonable  with  a one  way 
ticket  as  low  as  10  dollars.  From 
Naples  you  will  be  able  to  travel 
to  other  cities  in  Italy  and  Europe 
with  ease. 

Naples  is  a seaport  city  that  lies 
just  above  the  "heel"  on  the  west 
coast  of  the  Italian  peninsula. 

To  make  your  tour  of  duty 

enjoyable,  be  sure  to  pack  your 
positive  attitude  and  be  prepared 
to  adjust  to  a new  life.  You  will 
immediately  be  struck  by  the 
beauty  of  Naples.  And  if  you 
experience  some  difficulty  in 
overcoming  some  of  the  cultural 
differences,  the  people  of  Naples 
will  help  you  in  any  way  possible. 
Italy  has  a reputation  for  being  a 
friendly  country,  and  the  people 
of  Naples  are  no  exception. 

Neapolitans  are  enthusiastic 
hosts  and  most  will  go  out  of 
their  way  to  make  you  feel  wel- 

The  key  to  having  a good  tour 
of  duty  is  to  learn  the  language. 
Neapolitans  are  delighted  when 
you  make  an  attempt  to  learn 
even  the  most  basic  phrases.  It's 
recommended  that  you  buy  a 
small  Italian  dictionary  before 


A Naples  is  only  a quick  train  ride  away 
from  away  from  Roman-era  landmarks, 
like  the  Coliseum  and  The  Sant’Angelo 
Bridge,  in  Rome. 

arriving  and  learn  some  basic 
words  and  phrases.  Once  you 
arrive  in  Naples,  there  are  Italian 
language  courses  offered  on  base 
to  military  and  DoD  personnel. 

Naples  is  currently  undergoing 
the  largest  ever  European  quality- 
of-life  improvement  project  called 
the  Naples  Improvement  Initia- 
tive. New  government  quarters 


mmoRHooD  I 


A Thanks  to  the  Naples  Improvement 
Initiative,  a sign  and  a happy  dog  wel- 
come Sailors  stationed  at  NSA  Naples  to 
their  new  homes. 

are  being  built,  as  well  as  a new 
elementary  and  high  school, 
commissary  and  exchange. 

The  most  important  thing  to 
remember  about  living  in  a 
foreign  country  is  that  it  isn't  the 
United  States.  Every  day  items 
Americans  take  for  granted  — 
from  houses  to  basic  utilities  to 
transportation  — work  differently 
in  Naples.  A willingness  to  learn 
and  adapt  is  vital  to  a successful 
tour.  £ 

Information  compiled  by  J02  Jeremy 
Allen,  a staff  journalist  assigned  to  All 
Hands,  J03  Christopher  Sherwood, 
USNR,  JOCS  Bob  Hansen  USNR  and 
Chris  Ingalls,  Naples  public  affairs 

At  a glance 

Major  Commands: 

Commander  Fleet  Air  Mediterranean,  Commander 
Maritime  Surveillance  Reconnaissance  Forces,  Commander 
Maritime  Air  Force  Mediterranean,  U.S.  Naval  Hospital, 
Commander  Submarine  Group  8,  U.S.  Naval  Dental  Center, 
U.S.  Naval  Legal  Service  Office,  Naval  Security  Group 
Activity  and  Personnel  Support  Detachment 

Facilities  Available: 

Population:  10,000 

Housing:  Government  and  community  housing 
Temporary  housing:  Yes 
Commissary:  Large 
Exchange:  Large 

Public  schools:  1 elemementary,  1 high  school, 

Private  schools:  1 elementary,  1 middle,  1 high  school 
American  colleges:  5 fully  accredited  (see  Gaeta) 

Family  service  center:  Full  Service 
Child  care:  Full  Service 
Health  care:  U.S.  Naval  Hospital,  Naples 
Insurance:  Auto  insurance  is  extremely  high.  Enlisted 
personnel  should  set  aside  $1,500  to  cover  one  year. 
Recreation  facilities:  Golf  course,  swimming  pools,  bowling 
alley,  softball  fields,  a football  field,  soccer,  tennis, 
batting  cages,  picnic  sites,  hobby  shops. 

Other  Facilities: 

Navy  Federal  Credit  Union.,  Barber/Beauty  Shop, 
Chapel,  Enlisted  Club,  Shopette,  Travel  Office 


MIHA:  Move  In  Housing  Allowance  is  a one-time,  $900 
to  $1,000  allowance  to  help  defray  the  cost  of 
moving  on  the  economy. 

OHA:  Overseas  Housing  allowance 
COLA:  Cost  of  living  allowance  fluctuates  with  the 

Gas  coupons:  Allows  tax-free  fuel  to  be  purchased  by 
military  personnel  stationed  in  Italy. 

Cultural  attractions: 

The  Archaeological  Museum,  The  Capodimonte 
Museum,  The  Royal  Palace  Museum,  The  National  Library 
.and  The  Bellini  Theater 

MARCH  1998 


It's  a city  full  of  history, 

culture  and  excitement  — 
a small  peninsula  within 
a peninsula,  surrounded 
by  the  Tyrhennian  Sea. 

Its  warm  beaches  and  picturesque 
mountains  were  a summer  haven 
to  many  Roman  emperors.  Wel- 
come to  Gaeta,  Italy. 

Situated  between  Rome  and 
Naples,  Gaeta  is  home  to  the  U.S. 
6th  Fleet's  flagship  USS  La  Salle 
(AGF  3). 

A OS2  Van  Arnold  of  Chicago,  takes  a 
moment  out  of  his  guard  duties  at  the 
Italian  dock  in  Gaeta,  Italy,  where  his  ship, 
USS  La  Salle  (AGF  3)  is  homeported  to 
say  hello  to  his  wife  Lisa  and  his  two 
children,  Isaiah  and  Ivanna.  His  family 
had  just  arrived  in  Italy. 

Gaeta  is  a tranquil  town  during 
the  mild  winter  and  a tourist  hot 
spot  in  the  steamy  summer. 
Because  of  its  position  on  the 
water  the  winds  give  a slight 


A Aerial  view  of  Old  Gaeta,  Italy,  with 
USS  LaSalle  in  the  background 

relief  on  summer  nights. 

Originally,  Naval  Support 
Activity  (NSA)  Gaeta  was  a 
detachment  of  NSA  Naples.  But 
in  January  1994  NSA  officially 
separated  and  is  now  located  on 
Monte  Orlando  overlooking  the 
Gulf  of  Gaeta.  Now  NSA  Gaeta's 
primary  mission  is  to  support  6th 
Fleet  staff  operations. 

Most  Americans  stationed  in 
Gaeta,  live  in  apartments  or 
houses  in  town  because  military 
housing  is  very  limited. 

Gaeta  is  a European  seaside 
resort,  and  prices  tend  to  be 

At  a glance 

Major  Commands: 

Commander  6th  Fleet;  USS  La  Salle  (AGF  3);  NATO 
Communications  School 

Facilities  Available: 

Navy  Family  Services  Center:  Full  Service 
Bowling  lanes:  Yes 
American  Colleges:  Central  Texas  College,  City  College  of 

Chicago,  Univ.  of  Maryland  University,  Bowie  State  University 
and  University  of  Oklahoma  in  Naples 
Schools:  Day  Care,  DODDS  Gaeta  American  School:  K-8  (special 
ed.  classes  available)  DODDs  High  School  - Boarding  at  Rome, 
London  or  Naples 

I Spouse  Employment:  Spouse  employment  Assistance  Program, 
Gaeta;  Resource  Office,  Naples. 

Commissary:  NEX  Mart,  full  commissary  and  exchange 
Credit  Union:  NFCU 
Library:  Yes 

Military  Clinic:  Branch  Medical  Clinic 
Military  Hospitals:  Naval  Hospital  Naples 

Dental  Clinic:  limited  service  in  Gaeta,  full  service  at  Naples  (no 

MWR  Office:  full  ervice 

Housing:  community  10-12  month  waiting  list  for  two  and  three 

Pets:  no  quarantine  but  dogs  and  cats  must  have  rabies  vaccina 
tions  current.  No  veterinarian  services  on  base. 

Cultural  Attractions 

Annunziata  Church/Golden  Chapel  - (14th  century) 

The  dogma  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  was  contemplated  in 
the  Golden  Chapel  by  Pope  Pius  IX  in  1848. 

I Tomb  of  Munazio  Planco  - (1st  century  A.D.) 

One  of  Augustus  Caesar's  generals  is  buried  in  this  mausole- 
um, considered  to  be  the  best  preserved  in  all  of  Italy. 

Church  of  St.  Francis  - (19th  century) 

The  youngest  church  in  Gaeta  (only  150  years  old) 

Split  Mountain  - According  to  its  legend  this  mountain  split 
upon  the  death  of  Jesus  Christ. 

Centro  Storico  Culturale  - The  museum  was  the  home  of  Cardi- 
nal de  Vio.  It  contains  frescoes  and  many  artifacts. 


It's  recommended  that  you 
bring  a major  credit  card  for 
traveling,  because  its  safe  and 
widely  accepted  wherever  you 

Whether  stationed  onboard  La 
Salle,  with  6th  Fleet  staff  or  just 
passing  through,  Gaeta  is  a very 
friendly  place  to  enjoy  the  sights 
or  raise  a family.  £ 

Information  compiled  by  JOl  Jeremy 
Allen,  a staff  writer  assigned  to  All 
Hands  and  JOSN  Charles  A.  Gasque, 

A Fresh  fruit  stands  are  as  much  a part 
of  the  historic  landscape  as  the  cobble- 
stone streets.  The  fruit  merchant  (center) 
selects  the  best  plums  under  the  watchful 
eyes  of  his  patrons. 

MARCH  1998 



f you're  looking  for  an 
island  full  of  fun,  warmth, 
hospitality  and  vitality, 

J Bi  then  look  no  further  than 
enticing  Souda  Bay,  Crete,  Greece. 

Crete  is  the  largest  of  Greece's 
southern  island  and  the  fourth 
largest  island  in  the  Mediterranean. 
It  is  located  just  above  Africa  and 
below  Turkey.  Crete  is  divided  into 
four  prefectures,  each  with  its  own 
capital  - Chania  (Hania),  Rethym- 
non  (Rethimno),  Iraklio  (Herakle- 
on)  and  Agios  Nikolaos. 

Crete  has  it  all,  from  snow- 
capped Mount  Ida  and  the  gorges 
of  West  Crete  to  picturesque  villag- 
es and  lovely  coastal  resorts.  There 
is  also  a wealth  of  beaches  around 
the  entire  island,  particularly  at 
Malia  and  along  the  northwest 

On  this  exotic  and  exciting  island 
sits  a little-known  secret  called 
Naval  Support  Activity  (NSA), 
Souda  Bay,  Crete.  It's  located  on  the 
Hellenic  (Greek)  air  force  base  near 
the  village  of  Mouzouras,  10  miles 
east  of  the  city  of  Hania. 

NSA  Souda  Bay  was  first  created 
as  a detachment  of  NAS,  Sicily  in 
May  1969.  It  then  became  a full 
Naval  Support  Activity  in  1980.  It 
now  occupies  110  acres  on  the  north 
side  of  the  air  base.  The  airfield  also 
serves  as  the  civilian  airport  for  the 
Hania  region  of  Crete. 

NSA  Souda  Bay's  mission  is  to 
provide,  operate,  and  maintain 
facilities  and  services  to  support  and 
enhance  the  readiness  of  U.S.  and 
allied  forces  operating  in  or  transit- 
ing through  the  6th  Fleet  area.  This 
includes  ships,  aircraft,  detachments 


and  personnel. 

Today,  the  NS  A is  comprised  of  13 
officers,  approximately  227  enlisted 
personnel,  165  U.S  and  local  national 
civilians;  and  18  tenant  commands. 

The  approval  of  the  new  Mutual 
Defense  Cooperation  Agreement 
with  the  Hellenic  Republic  is  an 
aggressive  five  year  construction 
program  with  some  509  projects.  The 
cost  is  more  than  $37  million  dollars 
and  it's  going  to  make  Souda  Bay 
one  of  the  Navy's  major  "growth 
industries"  despite  drawdowns  in 
other  areas. 

Whether  you  enjoy  going  to  the 
beautiful  mountains  to  get  away 
from  it  all,  kicking  back  on  the  sandy 
beaches  or  learning  the  language 
from  the  friendly  Grecians,  Souda 
Bay  is  the  place  to  be.  £ 

< Horse  Drawn  carriage  tours  are  available  in  the 
ancient  city  of  Hania,  Souda  Bay. 

Information  compiled  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen,  a staff 
writer  for  All  Hands.  PH2  Patricia  Findley,  USNR,  is 
a photojournalist  assigned  to  NROI  Det.  220. 

At  a glance 

Major  Commands: 

USNAVDET,  Souda  Bay:  Mobile  Mine  Assembly  Group  DET  SIX;  Naval  Communica- 
tion Station,  Greece  Detachment;  Naval  Inshore  Warfare  Task  Unit,  Europe;  and 
Naval  Weather  Service  Environmental  Detachment. 

Facilities  Available: 

Medical/Dental:  Very  limited. 

NEX/Commisary:  Very  limited. 

ON/OFF  Base  Housing:  Limited  BEQ/ off-base  E-5  and  above. 

Automoblies.  Authorized  for  12-month  or  longer  tour. 

Pets:  No  quarantine  needed.  Members  pay  transportation  and  pets  must  have 
validated  shots.  Closest  military  veterinarian  is  NAS  Sigonella. 

Credit  Unions/Banks:  None. 

Uniforms:  Not  readily  available. 

Morale  Calls:  Authorized  for  permanent  party  only. 

Recreation:  Current  facilities  on  base  are  for  softball,  soccer,  basketball,  tennis, 
swimming,  ping-pong,  volleyball,  sailing,  mountain  bikes,  racquetball,  weight 
lifting  and  bowling. 

Educational  Opportunities:  Limited.  GED,  CLEP  tests  and  DANTES  tests  are 
available  periodically  from  NAS  Sigonella.  University  of  Maryland  offers  an 
Associates  of  Arts  (AA)  degree. 

Environmental  and  Morale  Leave:  Personnel  on  a one  year  unaccompanied  tour  at 
Souda  are  eligible  for  two  EML  trips  per  year  to  Germany,  Italy,  Spain,  Turkey, 

United  Kingdom  or  CONUS. 

Extension  Benefits:  Three  options:  $85.00  per  month  for  12  months,  an  additional  30 
days  leave,  or  a ticket  from  Hania  to  port  of  entry  in  CONUS  and  return,  plus  15 
days  leave. 

Spouse  Employment:  Very  limited. 

SchooLNo  DODDS  schools,  only  home  schooling.  Closest  high  school  is  Athens  or 

Child  Care:  No  facilities  on  base. 

MARCH  1998 




Photos  by  Basim  Shamiyeh 

Often  referred  to  as  the 
land  of  the  beautiful 
beaches,  sunrises  and 
campsites.  La  Maddalena,  a 
remote  duty  station  located  off 
the  coast  of  Sardinia  in  the  Straits 
of  Bonifacio,  Italy,  is  home  to 
approximately  3,500  military 
members  and  their  families. 

This  tiny,  isolated  island,  once 
controlled  by  pirates,  also  serves 
as  home  port  for  Submarine 
Squadron  22  and  USS  Simon  Lake 
(AS  33),  the  only  forward-de- 
ployed submarine  tender  in  the 
Mediterranean.  Along  with  Naval 
Support  Activity  Gaeta,  they 
provide  mobile  repair,  weapons 
handling  and  logistic  support  for 
fast-attack  submarines  and  a wide 
range  of  fleet  support. 

Because  the  Mediterranean  is 
considered  one  of  the  strategic 
keys  to  Europe,  North  Africa  and 
the  Middle  East,  the  base  allows 
the  Navy  to  monitor  all  shipping 
in  the  northern  Mediterranean. 

But  the  water  isn't  the  only 

A Shadows  settle  on  La  Maddalena’s 

A Bicycles  are  a great  mode  of  transpo- 
rtation around  the  island. 

place  where  activity  is  going  on. 

For  Sailors  who  choose  to 
explore  their  new,  exciting  sur- 
roundings, or  for  those  who 
prefer  to  take  another  direction, 
the  adventure  is  only  a flight  or  a 
ferry  away. 

La  Maddalena's  base  activities 
are  coordinated  in  conjunction 
with  three  surrounding  islands, 
connected  only  by  boat. 

Sailors  can  reach  the  pictur- 


A Summers  attract  tourists  from 
around  the  world.  The  population  swells 
from  17,000  to  as  much  as  75,000  in 

esque  Bay  of  Naples  by  catching 
an  inexpensive  over-night  ferry  or 
a one-hour  military  flight.  An 
hour's  drive  from  there  will  land 
you  in  the  old  seaport  town  of 
Gaeta,  or  Sailors  can  reach 
Sigonella  by  catching  an  hour 
flight  into  Catania. 

Whatever  your  fancy,  be  it 
recreation,  social  or  plain  old 
R&R,  La  Maddalena  or  one  of  the 
nearby  islands  can  provide  it. 

Sailors  stationed  on  La  Madd- 
alena will  still  have  to  make  a few 
adjustments  to  adapt  to  their  new 
environment.  Perhaps  the  greatest 
barrier  and  challenge  for  most 
will  be  the  language.  Italian  is  the 
predominant  language  spoken  on 
La  Maddalena,  but  outsiders  can 
learn  to  speak  it  with  a bit  of 
practice  and  by  keeping  a small 
dictionary  on  hand. 

Other  customs  are  also  slightly 
different.  Handshaking,  for 
instance,  is  the  American  greeting 
Sailors  are  used  to.  Italians  often 
greet  each  other  with  kisses  to 
both  cheeks. 

Sailors  will  also  have  to  get 

used  to  the  shops  closing  daily 
from  1 to  4 p.m.  for  riposo.  It's  the 
time  of  day  locals  eat  lunch  and 
take  an  often-needed  break.  But 
remember,  for  the  military  it's 
business  as  usual. 

Houses  and  apartments  are 
smaller  than  those  stateside  so 
Sailors  are  encouraged  to  leave 
oversized  furniture  in  storage. 

Students  in  grades  Kindergar- 
ten through  8 attend  La  Maddale- 
na American  School.  Ninth- 
through  12th-graders  attend  high 
school  out  of  the  area  in  one  of 

the  two  accredited  Department  of 
Defense  Dependent  Schools 
(DODDS)  in  London  or  Rome. 
Some  parents  prefer  to  home 
school.  Information  on  home 
schooling  can  be  obtained  from 
the  school  officer  at  the  family 
service  center. 

For  Sailors  stationed  at  La 
Maddalena,  it  could  be  a dream 
tour  if  you're  willing  to  learn  the 
culture.  Plan  to  attend  a work- 
shop before  transferring  to  ease 
the  move  and  become  familiar 
with  the  customs.  Soon  you  will 
be  basking  in  the  sun  or  enjoying 
the  beautiful  tropical  views, 
crystal-clear  waters  and  fabulous 
sunsets.  £ 

Story  by  Patricia  Oladeinde,  a staff 
writer  for  All  Hands. 

Major  Commands 

Naval  Support  Activity  La  Maddalena; 

Submarine  Squadron  22;  USS  Simon 
Lake  (AS  33) 


Commissary:  Full  Service 
Exchange:  Limited 
Medical:  Branch  Clinic 
Dental:  Branch  Clinic 
Movie  Threater:  Yes 
Shoppette:  Yes 

Banks  and  Credit  Unions:  Yes 
Elementary/Middle  School:  DODDS  La  Maddalena  American  School 
High  School:  DODDS  London  or  Rome 

Population:  3,200 
Helpful  travel  hints: 

* Service  members  MUST  wear  civilian  clothing  while  traveling  to  Italy. 

* Avoid  T-shirts  with  American  slogans  or  derogatory  remarks. 

* Do  not  mention  you  are  military.  The  threat  of  terrorism  exists  throughout  the  world. 

* Remove  American  stickers  from  baggage  and  use  only  your  last  name  on  luggage  tags. 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  PH2  Brett  Siegel 

The  city’s  fortress  offers  a lovely  view  of  the  bay. 

A bull  stands  amid  a field  of  sunflowers  near  Rota. 

If  you're  the  type 
of  Sailor  who 
dreams  of  travel 
ing  to  exotic  and 
liberty  ports,  then  you're 
in  luck.  Naval  Station 
Rota,  Spain,  is  just  the  set 
of  orders  you've  been 
looking  for.  After  an 
exciting  tour  of  duty  in 
Europe's  "Gateway  to  the 
Med,"  you'll  be  sure  to  leave  with 
fond  memories  and  a deep  long- 
ing to  return  as  soon  as  possible. 

The  naval  base,  located  on  the 
Bay  of  Cadiz  in  the  southwestern 
part  of  the  Iberian  peninsula, 
overlooks  the  Atlantic  Ocean  and 
is  strategically  positioned  near 
the  Straits  of  Gibraltar.  Its  prima- 
ry mission  is  to  service  the  6th 
Fleet  by  keeping  fuel,  ammuni- 
tion and  spare  parts  flowing  to 
U.S.  Naval  Forces  operating  in  the 

But  you  probably  won't  be 
thinking  about  how  important 
Rota  is  strategically  when  you're 

out  running,  swimming  or  just 
relaxing  on  one  of  the  area's 
many  white,  sandy  beaches.  It 
probably  won't  cross  your  mind 
when  you're  out  in  town  talking 
to  the  locals  and  learning  the 
Spanish  culture  and  language  that 
Rota  is  one  of  the  Mediterranean's 
busiest  ports. 

You'll  find  that  Spaniards  are  a 
very  friendly  people.  As  long  as 
you're  courteous,  adventurous  and 
open  to  new  living,  dining  and 
social  experiences,  they  will  go  out 
of  their  way  to  help  you  acclimate 
to  their  culture. 

Not  long  after  showing  up,  you'll 


quickly  catch  on  to  the  fact  that 
there  always  seems  to  be  something 
to  celebrate  in  Spain.  Religious 
festivals,  for  example,  play  a major 
role  in  Spanish  life.  Each  city  and 
region  has  its  own  special  fiesta  in 
honor  of  a patron  saint.  There  are 
colorful  processions,  singing, 
dancing,  bullfights,  fireworks  and 
local  delicacies  like  churros  (sugary 

One  cultural  extravaganza  is 
Carnaval  (the  Spanish  equivalant 
of  Mardi  Gras)  where  feasting 
and  revelry  are  everywhere  you 
turn.  Celebrations  include  mas- 
querade dances,  parades,  pinatas, 
costume  contests  street-singing 
parties  and  elections  of  kings. 

If  you're  in  search  of  a duty 
station  with  warm  weather, 
friendly  people  and  a great 
quality  of  life,  look  no  further. 
Rota,  Spain  is  that  exotic,  unfor- 
gettable liberty  port  you've  been 
dreaming  of.  £ 

At  a glance 

Major  Commands 

Naval  Station  Rota;  Naval 
Computer  and  Telecommunica- 
tion Area  Master  Station, 
Mediterranean  Detachment 
(NCTAMS  Med  Det.);  Fleet  Air 
Reconnaissance  Squadron  (VQ)  2; 
Naval  Hospital;  Naval  Security 
Group  Activity  (NSGA);  Tactical 
Support  Center  (TSC);  Air 
Mobility  Support  Squadron  625 
(AMSS  625);  Naval  European 
Meteorology  and  Oceanography 
Center  (NEMOC);Company  'F' 
Marine  Support  Battalion; 

Marine  Corps  Security  Force 
Company  (MCSFCO). 

Population  - 8,000 


Banking:  Navy  Federal  Credit 

Commissary:  Full  service  (5 

Dental:  U.S.  Naval  Dental 
Center,  Europe  Branch 
Medical  Clinic,  Rota 
Exchange:  Full  complex.  Navy 

Family  Service  Center:  Full 


Legal:  Full  service 
Medical:  U.S.  Naval  Hospital, 


(Exceptional  Family  Member 
Program  available) 

MWR:  full  service 
Base  housing:  Limited  - 806  units 
comprised  of  two-,  three-  and 
four-bedroom  units 
Personnel  Support  Detachment: 
Full  service 

Religious  Activities:  full  service 
Spouse  employment:  Limited  - but 
check  DODD  Schools,  Human 
Resources  Office,  MWR  and 
Navy  Exchange.  There  is  also  an 
MWR  Home  Care  Provider 

Education:  DODDS  K-12;  Air  Force 
services  for  Exceptional 
Children  (ages  3 to  21) 

Navy  Campus:  full  service 
American  Colleges/Universities: 
Central  Texas  College;  City 
Colleges  of  Chicago;  Embry- 
Riddle  Aeronautical  University; 
Rota  Community  College; 
University  of 

Maryland's  University  College 

Information  compiled  by  ]02  Jason 
Thompson,  a staff  writer  for  All  Hands 
and  J02  Cindy  Alvarez,  USNR. 

MARCH  1998 




You  know  you're  living  the 
good  life  when  you  get 
orders  to  a duty  station 
where  the  Welcome  Aboard  web 
site  has  a page 
entitled  "Sunny 
Sigonella:  Getting 
Used  to  Warm 
Summers  and  Cool 
Winters."  Located 
on  the  island  of 
Sicily,  the  area 
enjoys  a typical 
climate  and  aver- 
ages 300  days  of 
sunshine  a year. 

Great  weather 
means  great 
opportunities  for 
Sailors  and  their 
families  stationed 
at  Sigonella.  It's  a 

chance  to  see  many  of  the  island's 
breath takingly-beautiful,  historic 
sights,  most  of  which  are  within 
an  hour's  drive  of  the  base.  While 
you're  out  there 
you  can  meet  the 
kind  and  very 
hospitable  Sicilians 
and  experience 
their  diverse 
cultural  heritage. 

That  heritage 
stems  from  Sicily's 
rich  history,  much 
of  which  was  spent 
under  foreign 
occupation  — 
dating  all  the  way 
back  to  the  Greek 
Empire.  That's  why 
you  can  still  find 
Greek  temples, 
ancient  catacombs. 

A Near  to  NAS  Sigonella,  is  the 
town  of  Catania.  Catania  has  many 
sights  to  see  such  as  this  17th 
century  statue  of  a pope  in  front  of 
the  St.  Agata  Cathedral. 


A The  Greek  amphitheater  in  Taormina 
with  Mt.  Etna  in  the  background,  less  than 
an  hours  drive  from  NAS  Sigonella. 

Roman  amphitheaters,  Norman 

castles  and  Arabian  baths 

throughout  the  island's  modern 


Whether  actively  supporting 

< A Within  an  hour’s  drive  of  NAS 
Sigonella,  you  can  be  in  the  beautiful  city 
of  Taormina  and  visit  many  attractions, 
like  the  Greek  amphitheater  (above)  or 
you  can  just  stop  and  look  at  at  the  view 
of  the  eastern  shoreline  of  Sicily. 

6th  Fleet  operations  or  playing 
frisbee  on  one  of  the  island's  soft, 
white-sand  beaches,  "Sunny 
Sigonella"  is  a dream  tour. 

Information  compiled  by  J02  Jason 
Thompson,  a staff  writer  for  All 
Hands,  and  J02  Marcy  Kelley,  USNR. 

At  a glance 

Major  Commands: 

Naval  Hospital,  Sigonella;  HCS  4. 

Facilities  Available: 

INTERNET:  http:  / / 

Commissary:  Main  and  satellite  commissaries;  two  7- 
Day  Stores  (mini-marts) 

Dental:  Full  service  for  active-duty  military  and  their 

family  members 

Exchange:  Full  service 

Family  Service  Center:  Full  service 

Legal:  Full  service 

Medical:  U.S.  Naval  Hospital  Sigonella  and  Flight  Line 

MWR:  Full  service 

Personnel  Support  Detachment:  Full  service 
Spouse  Employment:  Limited  - predominantly  MWR 
and  Navy  Exchange  opportunities;  spouse  employment 
assistance  program  available. 

Veterinarian:  Full  service  (limited  availability) 
Schools:K-12  at  DODDS  Stephen  Decatur  School 
Navy  Campus:  Full  service 
American  Colleges:  Central  Texas  College;  City 
Colleges  of  Chicago;  Embry-Riddle  Aeronautical 
University;  University  of  Maryland  University  College; 
University  of  Oklahoma 

Special  Education:  Limited  to  mild  handicaps  in  speech 
and  learning  disabilities 
On-base  housing: 

BEQ  - 725  units,  15  to  24  month  waiting  list 
BOQ  - 200  units,  18  to  24  month  waiting  list 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  PH2(AW)  Kristopher  G.  Sheets 

Gilla  Gerzon  makes  two  of  her  “children”  feel  at  home. 

courtesy  of  USO-Israel 

from  Sailors,  Marines,  1 


husbands  and  wives,  § 


mothers  and  children.  S 
She  would  frequently  J 
pause  to  kiss  the  8 

pictures  dearest  to  her  ° 

Nearly  every  Sailor  I 

8 | 

and  Marine  who  has  s 


served  in  the  Mediter- 
ranean since  1980 
either  knows  the  name  or  the  face 
of  Gilla  Gerzon,  affectionately 
called  the  "Mother  of  the  6th 

Since  formally  establishing  the 
Haifa  USO  and  becoming  its 
director  in  1981,  Gerzon  and 
USO-Israel  have  provided  sup- 
port for  more  than  3.5  million 
service  members. 

Gilla  Gerzon 

Gerzon  fondly  refers  to  every 
Sailor  and  Marine  who  deploys  to 
the  Mediterranean  as  "her  chil- 
dren." Sailors  and  Marines  call 
her  "Mom"  and  never  forget  to 
give  her  a good-bye  hug  as  they 
return  to  their  ships. 

Recalling  how  nice  and  gener- 
ous Americans  were  to  her  and 
her  eldest  daughter  Gallit,  Gerzon 

Story  by  PH2  Brett  Siegel,  photos 

She  looked  around 

her  upstairs  office  at 
the  United  Service 
(USO)-Israel,  located 
in  the  northern  port  city  of  Haifa, 
and  remarked  that  it  looked  as  if 
burglars  had  ransacked  the  place. 
Hundreds  of  binders  and  photo 
albums  were  strewn  haphazardly 
about;  thousands  of  loose  photos 
and  handwritten  letters  covered 
nearly  every  inch  of  exposed 
furniture  and  floor. 

The  clock  approached  6 a.m. 

For  the  last  12  hours,  Gilla  Ger- 
zon had  run  the  gamut  of  her 
emotions.  Her  tears  flowed  freely 
as  she  remembered  days  long 
gone  by  while  pouring  over 
pictures  and  letters  sent  to  her 

QfiXXm  Qmtxomt 

Wodier  of  ifce 


Secretary  of  the  Navy  John  Dalton  visits  with 
Gilla  Gerzon. 

The  USO  uses  a liberty  launch  to  greet  Sailors. 

Sailors  and  Marines  escort  Israeli  military 
women  during  a USO  fashion  show.. 

said.  "We  came  to  America,  not 
speaking  any  English.  The  nurses, 
they  would  sit  in  the  room  and 

teach  us.  They  even  let  me 
stay  in  their  houses." 

Gerzon  first  became 
familiar  with  the  U.S.  Navy 
in  the  late  1970s  when  she 
worked  as  the  public  rela- 
tions director  at  the  Dan 
Carmel  Hotel  in  Haifa. 

"I  saw  all  these  American 
women  and  children  in  the 
hotel,"  said  Gerson.  "I  asked 
them,  'Why  are  you  in 
Haifa?'  and  they  [would]  tell 
me  about  meeting  a Navy 
ship  here  for  Christmas.  I 
never  knew  the  U.S.  ships 
came  [to  Haifa]  but  I 
thought,  'How  wonderful.'" 

She  soon  found  herself 
arranging  the  first  of  what 
would  become  many  Christ- 
mas parties  and  tours  of  the 
Holy  Land  for  Navy  families. 
She  realized  this  was  the 
ideal  way  for  her  to  repay 
the  American  people  for  all 
the  warmth  and  comfort  she 
and  her  daughter  had  re- 
ceived while  in  the  United 

A year  later,  members  of 
the  Navy  Chaplain  Corps,  who 
had  made  previous  visits  to 
Haifa,  asked  the  USO  to  hire 
Gerzon  and  establish  a full-time 
office  there. 

Sailors  feel 
able in 
places  is  a primary  concern  of  the 

Sailors  and  Marines  arriving 
routinely  receive  long-stem  roses 
from  Gerzon  and  her  staff.  The 
refrigerator  in  the  USO  is  always 
stocked  for  Sailors  on  shore  patrol 
and  sometimes  Sailors  are  invited 
to  celebrate  a bar  mitzvah  or  to 
visit  a kibbutz  while  they  are  in 

Gerzon  and  her  family  have 
gone  out  of  their  way  to  make 
Israel,  and  their  own  homes,  a 
home  away  from  home  for  service 
members.  In  the  late  1980s  she 
bought  60  mattresses  and  several 
oversized,  commercial  washing 
machines  out  of  her  own  pocket 
so  Sailors  and  Marines  who 
missed  the  last  bus  or  found 
themselves  stranded  ashore  could 
sleep  at  her  house. 

Some  say  Gerzon  is  an  angel, 
but  she's  quick  to  point  out  that 
she  is  caring  for  angels.  Coinci- 
dentally, the  words  "Sailor"  and 
"angel"  are  phonetically  the  same 
in  Hebrew.  £ 

Siegel  is  assigned  to  the  6th  Fleet  public 
affairs  office. 


MARCH  1998 


Photo  illustration  by  J02  Jason  D.  Thompson  and  PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Not  Your  Grand 



nother’s  Navy 

Frieda  Mae  Hardin,  101 
years  old,  was  a Navy 
yeoman  during  World  War  I 
and  spoke  at  the  dedication 
of  the  Women’s  Memorial. 

Story  by  PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Women  in  the  Navy  have  come  a long  way  since  the 
first  WAVES'  movement  in  the  early  1900s.  Today 
they  are  forward  deployed 
aboard  combat  ships,  stationed  over- 
seas in  high-risk  areas  and  serving  in 
nearly  every  rating  the  Navy  has  to 

Starting  with  the  first  20  women  to 
enlist  in  the  Navy  nurse  corps  (known 
as  the  "Sacred  Twenty")  women  began 
by  serving  in  "traditional  jobs"  like 
yeoman,  storekeeper  and  hospital 

"When  we  went  in,  we  didn't  try  to 
be  equal  with  the  men,"  recalled  Flo- 
rence Morkus,  a first  class  communica- 
tions specialist  during  World  War  II. 

"Our  [mission]  was  to  relieve  the  men. 

So  when  they  went  off  to  war,  we  took  their  jobs  here  in  the 

Whether  it  was  running  carbon  copies  and  taking  dictation 
during  strategic-planning  meetings  or  comforting  Sailors 
wounded  in  combat,  women  proudly  served  their  country  any 
way  they  could. 

As  the  years  went  by,  women  became  a more  and  more 
integral  part  of  the  military  community.  Like  men,  they  went 
off  to  war  and  left  families  behind. 

During  World  War  II,  duties  like  sending  and  receiving 
coded  radio  messages  to  our  Allied  forces,  rigging  parachutes 
and  testing  equipment  proved  to  be  an  invaluable  part  of  the 
war  effort. 

Even  though  women  weren't  allowed  to  serve  in  combat 
zones,  they  played  key  support  roles  as  aviation  mechanics, 
gunnery  instructors  and  translators.  Women  in  highly  techni- 
cal ratings  even  helped  design  and  manufacture  weapons. 

To  be  sure,  the  Honor,  Courage  and  Commitment  these 
early  women  demonstrated  has  paved  the  way  for  today's 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  SMSGT  Mamie  M.  Burke,  OCJCS  Photographer 

A AC2  Jamie  Bradley  works  with  CATCC  (Carrier  Air  Traffic 
Control  Center)  on  board  USS  Kitty  Hawk  (CV  63).  Kitty  Hawk’s 
battle  group  is  currently  en  route  to  the  Arabian  Gulf  as  part  of  a 
scheduled  deployment  to  the  Western  Pacific  and  Arabian  Gulf. 

A A flight  deck  crewmember  carries  aircraft  tie  down  chains 
during  flight  operations  on  USS  Nimitz. 

Navy  women. 

“Without  their  service  and  dedication,  the 
rest  of  us  would  not  have  followed,"  said  re- 
tired Navy  CAPT  Kathleen  Bruyere,  who  now 
resides  in  Baltimore.  "Today  someone  can  say 
she  wants  to  become  an  astronaut  and  nobody 
would  blink  an  eye.  But  in  1966  women  could 
not  even  fly.  It  was  much  different  then." 

Because  of  the  sacrifices  and  hardships  en- 
dured by  every  woman  who  has  ever  put  on  a 
uniform.  Navy  women  have  now  taken  their 
place  alongside  their  brethren  Sailors. 

Seaman  Apprentice  Valerie  Mason,  a 19-  year- 
old  Sailor  from  Hazelhurst,  Miss.,  who  per- 
formed in  the  Ceremonial  Honor  Guard  detail 
at  the  unveiling  of  the  Women  in  Military 
Service  for  America  Memorial  in  Washington, 
D.C.  said,  "I  never  realized  how  different  the 
Navy  was  back  then.  At  least  I know  now  that  I 
have  as  a good  a chance  as  anyone  to  make 

Gonzalez  is  a photographer  for  All  Hands. 




BE  A M/ 


uu  u olv  c^iJirw  K3s>-_ 



fHiflUi  UZS2L”»  smtm 

|HHS  «g ' 



A Posters  like  these  were  designed  to  attract  women  for  critical 
roles  deemed  appropriate  for  their  gender. 

On  a four-acre  site  at  the  entrance  of 
Arlington  National  Cemetery  in 
Arlington,  Va.,  stands  the  Women  in 
the  Military  Service  for  America  Memorial.  It 
was  built  to  honor  the  more  than  1.8  million 
American  women  who  have  served,  or  are 
serving,  in  the  Armed  Forces,  beginning  with  the 
women  of  the  Revolutionary  War.  The  21.5 
million-dollar  memorial  designed  by  New  York 
architects  Ms.  Marion  Gail  Weiss  and  Mr.  Micha- 
el Manfredi  was  dedicated  Oct.  18,  1997.  The 
memorial  consists  of  a reflecting  pool,  a curved 
gateway  and  an  arc  of  glass  tablets  etched  with 
quotations  by  and  about  women  who  have 
served  in  the  Armed  Forces.  Four  staircases  pass 
through  a hemicycle  wall  allowing  visitors  a 
panoramic  view  of  Arlington  National  Ceme- 
tery with  the  Washington's  Monument  in  the 

The  memorial's  Education  Center  houses  the 
Hall  of  Honor,  which  contains  many  exhibits 
displaying  the  progress  of  women  in  the  mili- 
tary, as  well  as  numerous  artifacts  like  old 
uniforms,  official  orders  and  military  ID  cards 
used  by  past  generations  of  service  women. 

Any  military  woman  may  register  with  the 
memorial  at  any  time. 

Donations  and  registrations  of  service  women 
can  be  sent  to:  Women  in  the  Military  Service 
Memorial,  Dept.  560,  Washington,  D.C.  20042-0560, 
or  you  can  call  toll  free  at  1 -800-4-Salute.  WIMSA 
can  be  located  on  the  Internet  at 

-<  PHI  Candice  M.  Pratt  checks  navigational  flight  equipment 
during  an  auxiliary  power  unit  startup.  Pratt  is  assigned  to  Patrol 
Squadron  (VP)  26,  Brunswick,  Maine,  in  support  of  Joint 
Interagency  Task  Force  East. 

MARCH  1998 


The  Year  2000 


The  challenge  is  on! 

Story  by  JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 

Jan.  1,  2000.  What  a pain!  Supermarket  tabloids 
print  dire  predictions  while  politicians  drone 
on  about  fresh  starts  and  new  beginnings. 
Groups  of  "millennialists"  and  "futurists"  are 
springing  up  everywhere  and  developing  plans 
for  humanity  during  the  next  1,000 
years.  Closer  to  home,  check  writers 
will  have  to  make  sure  they  cross 
out  that  little  "19"  on  the  date 
line.  Award  certificates  will 
have  to  be  revised  and  re- 
printed to  accommodate  the 
change.  Come  to  think  of  it, 
almost  every  dated  form  we 
fill  out  will  become  obsolete. 

But  it's  not  just  inconve- 
niences the  world  is  con- 
cerned about  when  it  comes  to 
the  Year  2000,  or  Y2K  as  it  is 
called.  Some  of  the  hazards 
posed  by  the  new  millennia  are 
being  felt  today  and  are  contained  in 
that  magic  box  we  call  a computer.  It's 
the  "millennia  bug"  and  we're  all  about  to 
catch  it. 

To  understand  the  problem,  it's  necessary  to 
revisit  a little  computer  history.  Back  in  the  early 

days  of  the  computer  boom,  memory  was  expensive 
and  the  processing  speeds  of  the  venerable  Intel  8086 
chip  were  at  a snail's  pace.  To  save  memory  and 
storage  space,  as  well  as  speed  calculations,  pro- 
grammers opted  to  represent  years  by  their  last 
two  digits.  Thus,  1975  became  75. 

The  use  of  dates  in  many 
applications  is  essential.  Some  use 
dates  for  sorting  data  while  others 
use  dates  for  calculating  the 
passage  of  time.  For  instance,  a 
person  born  Jan.  1,  1970,  is  now 
28  years  old  (1998  minus  1970 
equals  28).  A computer  might 
see  this  problem  as  98  minus 
70  and  get  the  same  result. 
However,  in  2000  the  calculation 
changes  to  00  minus  70  and  ends 
up  with  a result  of  negative  70- 
years-old!  For  those  applications 
that  ignore  the  negative  number, 
that  person  is  now  70  years  old  and 
eligible  for  mandatory  retirement.  Social 
Security,  etc.  If  the  "negative"  age  remains,  then  the 
poor  individual  is  some  69  years,  3 months  away 
from  conception. 

Compounding  the  problem  of  Y2K  is  the  fact  that 



some  systems  do  not  accurately  compensate  for  leap 
years,  of  which  2000  is  one.  This  inability  to  change 
the  numbers  of  day  in  a year  (366  vice  365)  could  be 
felt  in  any  number  of  ways,  from  pay  and  interest 
calculations  to  inventory  control  and  logistic  sys- 

The  computer  is  to  modern  society  what  fire  was 
to  prehistoric  times  — indispensable.  To  the  Navy, 
the  computer  is  the  centerpiece  of 
most  everything  Sailors  do.  A 
deck  seaman  may  not  need  a 
computer  to  paint  the  hull,  but  it 
was  probably  a computer  that  told 
someone  it  was  time  for  some 
preventative  maintenance  and 
ordered  the  paint.  Computers  are 
now  integrated  into  all  Navy 
aircraft  and  into  shipboard  sys- 
tems for  fire  and  damage  control. 

Even  air  conditioning  systems  and 
traffic  lights  are  potentially  at  risk 
when  Y2K  rolls  in. 

As  dark  and  foreboding  as  the 
prospects  may  seem,  the  Navy  is 
already  at  work  eliminating  the 
problem  worldwide.  While 
individual  commands  and  organi- 
zations work  to  elminate  the  Y2K 
bug  from  their  "mission  critical" 
and  "mission  support"  systems, 
the  Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
(CNO)  N-6  staff  is  pursuing  ways 
to  integrate  and  share  Navy 
efforts  more  completely,  from 
targeting  systems  to  pay. 

Integration  is  essential  in 
today's  digital  environment. 

Shipboard  computer  networks 
routinely  send  and  receive  data 
from  other  ships  and  shore-based 
support  facilities.  One  ship  may 
be  Y2K  ready,  but  it  can  still  catch 
the  "bug"  if  it  receives  data  from 
another  ship  or  shore  system 
which  is  not.  Once  "infected"  data  is  brought  into 
the  system,  the  ship's  network  could  potentially  be 

MARCH  1998 

corrupted  and  damaged,  and  possibly  affect  the 
ship's  ability  to  fight.  With  the  profusion  of  e-mail 
transmitting  data  worldwide,  the  potential  for 
sending  incorrect  information  is  multiplied  many 

The  Navy's  Y2K  management  plan  consists  of  a 
five-phase  approach  to  address  the  problem  and 
involves  all  Navy  personnel  from  the  most  senior 
leadership  to  the  deckplates. 

The  initial  phase,  awareness, 
is  aimed  at  making  sure  every- 
one in  the  Navy  — military  and 
civilian  — are  aware  of  the 
nature  of  the  Y2K  "bug." 

Follow-on  phases  include 
assessment  (finding  faulty 
systems  and  software);  renova- 
tion (installing  upgrades  to 
systems  and  software,  or  find- 
ing replacements  for  those 
which  cannot  be  upgraded 
economically);  validation 
(testing  and  verifying  the 
upgrades  and  replacements); 
and  implementation  (deploying 
the  upgrades  or  new  systems 
and  making  sure  all  interrelated 
systems  work  together). 

The  Navy's  plan  calls  for  all 
"mission  critical"  systems  to 
have  implemented  by  Dec.  31, 
1998,  one  year  from  the  absolute 
deadline  of  Dec.  31,  1999.  "Mis- 
sion support"  systems  must  be 
implemented  by  Mar.  31,  1999. 

According  to  CDR  Jim  Gillc- 
rist,  the  CNO  N-6  Y2K  action 
officer,  "The  Y2K  problem  is  an 
enterprise-wide  issue  that 
requires  participation  by  the 
entire  chain  of  command." 

Yes,  Y2K  could  be  a big  pain. 
It's  a problem  that  won't  go 
away.  The  clock's  ticking.  ...  £ 

Burghardt  is  the  assistant  editor  of  All  Hands. 


Test  your  home  PC 

Not  sure  if  your  home  comput- 
er is  ready  for  Y2K?  Try  this 
simple  test. 

Step  1:  Change  you  comput- 
er's clock  to  11:59  p.m.  on  Dec. 

31, 1999.  Let  the  clock  run  into 
the  "next"  year.  Check  it  and  see 
if  it  displays  "1  Jan.  2000." 

Step  2:  Now,  shut  down  your 
computer  and  then  power  back 
up.  Check  the  clock  again.  It  will 
probably  accurately  display  the 
correct  time,  but  what  about  the 
date?  Is  it  still  1 Jan.  2000. ..or  1 
Jan.  1980  or  1900? 

Step  3:  Check  a Windows 
application.  After  you  rebooted 
your  system,  create  a file  with 
notepad  and  save  it.  Now  open 
File  Manager  (or  Explorer  if  you 
use  Win95)  and  look  at  the  details 
of  the  file  you  just  created.  Also 
look  at  the  file's  location.  Is  it  at 
the  top  as  the  newest  document 
created?  Or  is  it  at  the  bottom, 
next  to  the  oldest? 

Don't  assume  your  computer 
is  ready  for  Year  2000.  If  you  find 
that  you  might  have  problems, 
contact  the  manufacturer  about 
ways  to  fix  them  now. 

ALL  H, 

New  rules  set  for 
ESWS  program 

Story  by  J02  Robert  W.  Garnand 

Recently,  Sailors  from  the  Atlantic  and 

Pacific  Surface  Fleets  gathered  at  Naval 
Station  San  Diego  to  start  working  on 
improvements  to  the  Enlisted  Surface  Warfare 
Qualification  (ESWS)  program. 

The  San  Diego  workshop  was  one  of  many  Navy- 
wide workshops  being  conducted  this  year  to  support 
the  CNO's  initiative  to  improve  the  Navy's  enlisted 
warfare  qualifications  programs.  The  workshops  are 
producing  ship  type,  airframe  and  mission  specific 
PQS  packaged  that  will  streamline  the  requalification 
process  and  be  an  integral  part  of  the  Sailors'  initial 
warfare  qualification. 

"The  changing  times  is  the  driving  force  behind 
these  changes,"  said  Master  Chief  Yeoman  Manuel 
Rodriguez,  the  Force  Master  Chief  for  Naval  Surface 
Force,  U.S.  Pacific  Fleet.  "The  MCPON,  along  with  the 
fleet  and  force  master  chiefs,  got  together  and  made  a 
recommendation  to  the  CNO  that  we  were  due  for  a 
change  in  our  qualification  program." 

Master  Chief  Machinist's  Mate  Bob  Hallstein,  the 
Force  Master  Chief  for  Naval  Surface  Force,  U.S. 
Atlantic  Fleet,  added,  "In  our  Navy,  we're  streamlining 
our  warfighting  capability;  we're  modernizing  it,  and  I 
think  it's  the  right  time  to  take  all  of  our  warfare 
programs  and  look  at  how  we  do  them,  what  they  give 
the  Sailor,  how  they  improve  our  warfighting  capabili- 
ty and  how  they  connect  to  mission  readiness." 

For  Sailors  in  senior  enlisted  leadership  to  play  a 
role  in  the  primary  mission  of  their  ship,  they  must  be 
warfare  qualified  and  keep  their  qualification  current. 
This  is  the  major  emphasis  of  the  changes  to  the 
warfare  qualification  programs. 

One  significant  change  is  the  establishment  of  a 
common  core  Personal  Qualification  Standard  (PQS). 
The  PQS  will  be  the  foundation  of  the  enlisted  warfare 
qualifications.  In  the  ESWS  community,  this  common 
core  PQS  will  center  around  five  major  areas  common 
to  most  shipboard  environments:  combat  systems. 

deck,  engineering,  operations  and  supply. 

Additionally,  Chief  of  Naval  Operations  (CNO) 
policy  mandates  that  all  Sailors  assigned  Type  2 or  4 
sea  duty  be  qualified  in  a unit's  primary  warfare 
mission  and  common  core  PQS  prior  to  advancement 
to  E-6  or  higher. 

"We're  not  rewriting  the  warfare  program  because 
it's  mandatory  for  advancement,"  said  Flallstein. 
"Being  mandatory  for  advancement  is  a requirement 
placed  under  the  advancement  system  — not  the 
enlisted  warfare  programs.  Our  goal  is  to  help  them 
become  better  Sailors  — better  educated,  better  war- 

For  the  initial  qualification.  Sailors  must  complete 
the  PQS  prerequisites,  a written  exam  and  an  oral 
board.  In  most  cases,  for  following  tours  of  duty. 
Sailors  requalify  by  completing  ship/unit  specific  PQS 
and  demonstrating  the  basic  knowledge  every  Sailor 
should  know. 

The  focus  of  requalifying  "is  the  continuous  im- 
provement of  the  Sailor,"  says  Hallstein.  "We  want  to 
make  every  Sailor  understand  what's  going  on  and 
how  to  fight  his  or  her  ship." 

The  workshops  consisted  of  enlisted  Sailors,  E-6 
through  E-9,  who  are  subject  matter  experts  in  their 
rate  on  the  platform  of  interest,  from  both  the  Atlantic 
and  Pacific  surface  fleets. 

"The  changes  being  made  are  by  Sailors  wearing  the 
ESWS  warfare  device,"  Hallstein  said. 

Individual  ship  type  and  airframe-specific  PQS 
packages  are  being  developed  by  working  groups 
composed  of  subject-matter  experts,  TYCOM,  OPNAV 
and  BUPERS  representatives  as  well  as  NETPDEC  PQS 
format  specialists. 

The  PQS  required  to  initiate  the  program,  as  well  as 
the  new  OPNAV  instruction  is  nearing  completion  and 
should  reach  the  fleet  by  this  summer.  £ 

Garnand  is  assigned  to  Naval  Surface  Force,  U.S.  Pacific  Fleet, 
Pearl  Harbor. 

MARCH  1998 


Paying  taxes  is  a time-honored  tradition  in  America. 
Everyone  pays  - even  Sailors. 

As  always  there  are  changes  to  the  filing  proce- 
dure this  year.  Some  of  the  1997  changes  won't  take  effect 
until  the  1998  tax  year  that  began  Jan.  1, 1998,  but  Sailors 
should  know  about  them  now.  To  lessen  the  hassles  of  tax 
forms  and  filing  procedures.  Sailors  can  get  help  from  a 
number  of  sources. 

The  Internal  Revenue  Service  (IRS)  provides  these 
helpful  tips  for  active-duty  military  personnel  to  remem- 

When  to  file: 

- The  deadline  for  filing  is  April  15, 1998,  for  most 
people.  You  have  to  apply  to  the  IRS,  using  IRS  Form 
4868  for  an  extension. 

- Military  members  living  overseas  can  qualify  for  an 
automatic  extension  to  June  15, 1998,  without  filing  Form 

Remember:  Having  an  extension  to  file  your  taxes 
does  not  mean  you  have  an  extension  to  pay  any  tax 
due.  You  do  not  have  to  send  in  any  tax  payment  after 
you  estimate  your  tax  due  on  Form  4868.  But,  if  you  pay 
the  tax  after  the  original  due  date,  you  will  be  charged 

interest  from  the 
original  due  date 
to  the  date 
when  the 
tax  is  paid. 
You  will 
have  to 
pay  a 

New  tax  laws  — changes  for  1997: 

- Personal  exemption:  increased  to  $2,650 

- Itemized  deductions:  increased  to  $121,200 
- IRA  limits:  $2,000  per  spouse,  $4,000  total, 

(regardless  if  both  spouses  work). 

- Earned  Income  Credit  (EIC):  Every 
family  member  claimed  as  a dependent  must 
have  a Social  Security  Number  (SSN)  for 
1997,  regardless  of  when  they  were  born.  If 

you  pay  at  least  90  percent  of  your  tax  liability  by  the 
original  due  date  of  the  return. 

- An  additional  two-month  filing 
extension  of  Aug.  15, 1998,  will  be 
granted  if  Form  4868  is  filed  by  April 
15  (CONUS),  or  June  15,  if  you  are 
(OCONUS).  If  you  need  time  past 
Aug.  15,  an  additional  extension 
request  can  be  made  by  using  IRS 
Form  2688.  For  more  information,  pick 
up  a copy  of  IRS  Publication  3,  The 
Armed  Forces'  Tax  Guide. 

W-2s  and  you: 

Beginning  last  year,  W-2s  included  Basic  Allowance  for 
Quarters  (BAQ)  and  Basic  Allowance  for  Substance  (BAS) 
totals  in  a separate  block  for  use  in  computing  Earned 
Income  Credit  (EIC)  eligibility.  Sailors  should  have 
received  their  tax  instruction  booklets  and  W-2s  in  the 
mail  in  January.  If  you've  moved,  the  package  may  arrive 
after  the  filing  deadline.  To  get  forms  and  instructions 
mailed  to  you,  contact  the  IRS  at  1-800-829-3676,  or  visit 
their  website  at  Check  with  your  local  legal 
service  for  more  information.  IRS  forms  and  instructions 
may  be  available  through  your  community  library. 

Gross  Income: 

Sailors  around  the  world  receive  different  types  of  pay 
and  allowances.  In  general,  items  identified  as  pay  are 
taxable  and  included  in  gross  income.  All  income  must  be 
reported  on  your  tax  returns.  Items  identified  as  "allow- 
ances" are  not  taxable  and  are  not  included  in  gross 
income  or  reported  on  your  tax  return. 

For  information  on  the  exclusion  of  pay  for  service  in  a 
combat  zone  and  other  tax  benefits  for  combat  zone 
participants,  see  Publication  3,  Tax  Information  for  Military 
Personnel,  which  can  be  downloaded  at 



an  SSN  is  falsified,  EIC  will  be  denied  for  the  next  10 

- New  EIC  limit:  no  children,  $9,770;  one  child, 
$25,760;  two  or  more  children,  $29,290.  Persons  with 
investment  income  of  more  than  $2,250,  may  not  claim 

- Capital  gains  distributions  must  be  reported  on 
Schedule  D. 

- Capital  gains  rates:  long-term  capital  gains  rates 
reduced  to  20  percent  (10  percent  for  taxpayers  in  15 
percent  tax  bracket). 

- Capital  assets  holding  periods:  May  7, 1997,  to  July 

28. 1997,  lower  rate  applies  to  assets  held  more  than  12 
months.  July  29, 1997,  and  later,  lower  rate  applies  to 
assets  held  more  than  18  months.  Capital  gains  assets 
held  less  than  18  months  are  taxed  at  28  percent. 

- Sale  or  exchange  of  principle  residence:  Before  May 

6. 1997,  subject  to  old  rules;  May  6, 1997,  to  Aug.  5, 1997, 
transition  period  (choose  old  or  new).  After  Aug.  5, 1997, 
first  $250,000  ($500,000  if  married  filing  joint)  of  capital 
gain  on  the  sale  of  a principle  residence  is  not  taxed.  £ 

Compiled  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen,  a staff  journalist  assigned  to 
All  Hands. 

Filing  Shortcuts 

During  1998, 139  legal  service  offices,  family  service 
centers,  ships  and  individual  shore  commands  will 
offer  free  tax  preparation  assistance,  including  elec- 
tronic tax  filing.  This  is  the  fourth  year  the  Navy  has 
offered  this  service  to  Sailors  and  Marines. 

Have  you  waited  too  long 

For  Sailors  who  don't  have  time  to  fill  out  the 
1040  (long)  form,  there's  is  now  a better,  faster,  more 
efficient  another  option  — the  electronic  filing 
system  (ELF)  gives  Sailors  the  option  of  filing  their 
taxes  electronically. 

The  office  of  Navy  Judge  Advocate  General  says 
you  should  look  into  ELF  for  quick  returns  and 
refunds.  ELF  reduces  the  number  of  tax-related 
problems  encountered  by  Sailors.  Best  of  all.  Sailors 
pay  no  fee  for  preparing  or  transmitting  ELFs. 

All  ELF  returns  are  transmitted  electronically  via 
modem  to  a stateside  transmitter,  then  retransmitted 
to  the  IRS.  ELF  returns  are  generally  accepted  by  the 
IRS  within  24  hours  of  the  time  you  send  them  to  the 
stateside  transmitter.  The  accuracy  rate  is  99.5 
percent.  Sailors  who  use  ELF  reduce  many  tax- 
related  problems. 

With  ELF  on  45  ships  this  year.  Sailors  can  file 
electronically  during  extended  at-sea  operations  and 
have  their  refund  electronically  deposited  in  their 
bank  account  about  nine  days  later. 

ELF  has  saved  Sailors  more  than 
$100  per  return  on  average.  Last  year, 
almost  92,000  Sailors  took  advan- 
tage of  the  Navy's  ELF  services. 

This  figure  doesn't  include  the 
value  of  assistance  provided  to 
Sailors  filing  paper  federal  and 
state  returns,  which  numbered 
more  than  30,000  last  year. 

Electronic  tax  filing  will  be 
available  at  most  CONUS  shore 
installations  and  at  19  overseas 
shore  installations.  It's  expected  that  45  ships  will 
offer  ELF  services.  See  Page34  for  a list  of  confirmed 
ELF  sites. 

MARCH  1998 



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MARCH  1998 



Every  year  it's  the  same  thing.  While  I'm  waiting 
for  the  Navy  to  deliver  my  W-2  forms,  I have 
every  intention  of  getting  my  taxes  done  and  in 
the  mail  by  the  first  of  February.  Well,  so  much  for 
good  intentions!  I don't  think  I've  ever  gotten  it  done 
before  mid-March  (usually 
it's  in  the  mail  by  the  April 
15th  deadline). 

In  spite  of  good  intentions, 
this  is  how  it  works.  I run  to 
the  post  office  to  find  all  the 
forms,  schedules  and  instruc- 
tions I need.  Then  I run  to 
the  library  because  all  the 
forms,  schedules  and  instruc- 
tions I need  weren't  at  the 
post  office.  Once  I've  found 
all  the  paperwork  (can  I 
claim  the  mileage  as  part  of 
"tax  preparation"  expenses?), 
it's  time  for  a quiet  and 
relaxing  evening  of  reading 
the  newest  version  of  the  IRS 
tax  instructions,  restrictions, 
computations  ...  and  contra- 
dictions! Oh,  how  I look 
forward  to  that  ...  my  eyes 

end  up  taking  on  that  "not  really  here"  look  and  my 
head  begins  rocking  slowly,  but  forcibly,  against  the 
nearest  wall. 

But  this  is  1998!  We  have  a new  ally  in  the  fight 
against  time  and  bureaucratic  double-talk!  It's  our 
friend,  the  Internet! 

OK,  we  have  to  file  tax  returns.  There's  no  way 
around  it.  So  let's  make  it  as  easy  as  possible.  First 
stop,  the  trusty  and  ever-present  search  engine. 

I searched  for  "taxes"  and  got  a lengthy  list  of  levy 
links  (Yeah,  I know,  I have  too  much  time  on  my 
hands).  I found  one  that  intrigued  me  entitled  "Essen- 
tial Links  - Taxes."  You  can  find  that  site  at 
elinks/taxes/  and  be  treated  to  pages  and  pages  of  useful 

references.  Everything  from 
major  tax  sites  to  state  tax 
pages  to  the  actual  U.S.  tax 
code  is  listed. 

Although  all  the  links 
listed  at  this  site  are  good, 
some  of  the  best  are  worth 
mentioning  below  — 

For  all-around  tax  infor- 
mation, tips  and  hints, 
forms,  and  links  to  state  tax 
sites,  you  might  want  to 
check  out  1040.COM 
( ),  Taxweb 
C ) or  Ernst  & 
Young's  Tax  Services 
( ).  All  three 
offer  articles  and  frequently 
asked  questions  (FAQs)  on 
federal  and  state  tax  laws 
and  filing  requirements. 

They  also  have  lists  of  web 
addresses  for  state  tax  boards  where  you  can  down- 
load forms,  instructions,  etc. 

If,  while  digging  through  all  this  "taxing"  terminolo- 
gy, you  want  a little  break,  try  the  "Tax  Toons"  page  at 
the  Ernst  & Young  site.  If  you've  ever  suffered  from  the 
allusion  that  accountants  don't  have  a sense  of  humor, 
you'll  find  you're  wrong.  They  do  have  a sense  of 
humor  ...  it's  just  a bit  different. 

There's  one  place  I haven't  mentioned  up  to  this 

Presenting  The  Fastest,  Easiest' 


Tex  Publication  On  The  Planet > m RFrYn  p 


J ' A 





JAN  37,  1998  (78  DAYS  UNTIL  APRIL  13 7 HI 

llart  Qfl&.  Version.  I 





IRS  Problem 
Solving  Day 

Relief  From  The 
Symptoms  Of 
Long  Standing 
Tax  Problems. 




Surprised  Sailor  Finds 
IRS  TaxFax  Service 
Waiting  In  Every  Port 

AGaNA.  GUAM  When  Seaman  Barry  Barkentine 
needed  a few  extra  Federal  Income  Tax  forms  he 
thought  he  would  have  to  wait  until  lus  parents  could 
mad  them  from  home  Hard  to  tell  how  long  that  might 
take,  you  see.  Barry  was  somewhere  near  1 5 degrees 

. , 



fit»G  isiir  1140  glectroiial  i 

When  you  visit  the  Internal  Revenue  Service's  web  site, 
you'll  be  able  to  download  all  the  forms,  publications  and 
instructions  you'll  need  to  file  your  income  tax  this  year. 

Need  forms  or  publications  from  previous  years?  Not  to 
worry,  because  the  IRS  has  kindly  included  all  the  paperwork 
for  1992  to  1996  as  well. 

There  are  a number  of  formats  these  files  come  in,  but  I've 
found  that  the  easiest  for  most  of  us  to  use  is  the  PDF  file 
format.  This  format  is  generated  by  Adobe's  Acrobat  software 
and  is  used  by  many  organizations  to  distribute  news, 
information  and  forms.  Navy  News  Service,  for  instance,  is 
distributed  this  way  and  allows  ships  to  download  news 
already  laid  out  and  ready  for  copying. 

Yep,  PDF  files  are  very  handy  and  are  becoming  the 
common  way  to  distribute  documents  at  some  sites.  But  you 
need  the  Adobe  Acrobat  Reader  to  use  them.  No,  it's  not 
another  corporate  plot  to  make  you  buy  more  software  — the 
program  is  F-R-E-E!  What  does  that  mean  to  you?  It  means 
you'll  have  to  download  and  install  the  program  on  your 

Before  you  start  complaining  of  headaches  and  assorted 
other  reasons  to  avoid  downloading  the  program,  let  me  tell 
that  it's  easy.  Here's  how: 

Step  1:  Head  over  the  to  Adobe  web  site  ( 
There's  even  a link  to  it  from  the  IRS's  forms  page. 

Step  2:  Find  and  dick  on  the  yellow  "Get  Acrobat  Reader" 

Step  3:  Follow  the  link  to  register.  Hey,  like  most  software 
company's  who  give  away  programs,  Adobe  wants  to  know 
who's  getting  it.  They  don't  ask  for  credit  card  numbers,  just 
name  and  some  information  about  yourself  and  your 

Step  4:  Choose  your  desired  software  program  (Acrobat 
Reader  3.01),  platform  (Windows  95,  Mac,  Unix,  etc.),  and 
language  (English) 

Step  5:  Select  download.  You  will  probably  be  asked  whether 
you  wish  to  run  the  program  or  save  it  to  disk.  I recommend 
you  save  it  to  a temporary  folder  and  make  sure  you  use  your 
antivirus  program  to  scan  the  file  before  proceeding. 

Step  6:  Close  all  your  programs  and  run  the  program.  If  you 
need  specific  instructions,  there's  an  installation  guide 

There  now,  you're  done  and  ready  to  get  those  1040s  from 
the  IRS.  Acrobat  Reader  will  allow  you  to  view  and  print  the 
forms.  Sorry,  but  you'll  need  to  purchase  more  software 
( Adobe  Acrobat ) to  change  the  files  you  have  downloaded. 

point.  We  all  know  it  — those  three 
letters  that  conjure  up  images  of 
lightning  over  a darkened  land- 
scape, of  people  in  drab  suits 
carrying  briefcases  and  calculators 
— the  I-R-S! 

I went  to  the  IRS  website!  No, 

I'm  not  crazy!  What  I found  was 
probably  the  coolest  and  most 
informative  site  out  there.  Each  day,  the  IRS  publishes 
The  Digital  Daily  ( 
cover.html)  filled  with  tax  info,  news  and,  of  course, 
forms.  Through  this  site,  you  can  download  most  of 
the  IRS  publications  like  Publication  3:  Armed  Forces'  Tax 

Guide.  I have  just  one  hint  on 
downloading  the  forms  and  publi- 
cations: all  are  available  in  a 
number  of  formats,  but  the  .PDF 
format  is  by  far  the  easiest  and 
most  convenient  to  download  and 
print.  There's  even  a link  to  Adobe 
to  download  the  free  (yes,  I said 
FREE)  Acrobat  Reader  you'll  need 
to  view  and  print  the  .PDF  files. 

This  is  truly  a taxing  time  of  year.  But  the  Internet 
can  make  it  an  easier  and,  perhaps,  more  profitable 
time.  So,  what  are  you  waiting  for?  Get  connected  to 
the  electronic  tax  man!  ^ 

MARCH  1998 


Eve  on  the  Fleet 

ttfUjl  *v  ^ • • ’*&*&*•  > - ~mn>n  i miw.ipif1;. 

>-  Lookouts  aboard 
USS  Salt  Lake  City 
(SSN  716)  keep  a 
watchful  eye  on  the 
busy  shipping  lanes 
as  they  steam  toward 
their  homeport  in  San 



Photo  by  PH2  H.  Woltgang  Porter 

Photo  by  PHAN  Benjamin  F.  Story Photo  by  PH3  Mike  Larson 

A AC2  Mark  McDaniel,  from  Cleveland,  keeps  tabs  on  strike 
fighter  and  support  aircraft  around  the  aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitiz 
(CVN  68). 


< An  SH-60B  Sea  Hawk  attached  to  Light  Helicopter 
Antisubmarine  Squadron  (HSL)  44  assesses  battle 
damage  after  launching  an  AGM-1 14  Hellfire  air-to- 
ground  missile  at  a training  target  during  Joint  Task 
Force  Exercise  (JTFX)  98-1. 

V AN  Mima  Gonzales  from  Tularosa,  N.M.,  updates  a flight 
deck  status  board  while  coordinating  placement  of  aircraft 
during  fueling  operations  on  board  USS  Nimitz  (CVN  68). 

A A Landing  Craft  Air  Cushion  (LCAC)  backloads 
equipment  and  personnel  to  the  amphibious  assault  ship 
USS  Peleliu  (LHA  5)  following  the  amphibious  exercise 
Eager  Mace  ‘98  off  the  coast  of  Kuwait.  The  amphibious 
readiness  group  is  currently  deployed  to  the  Arabian  Gulf 
in  support  of  Operation  Southern  Watch. 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  PH3  Cynthia  R.  Zarate 

Eve  on  the  Fleet 

>-  A02  Edgar  Corley 
from  Hubert,  N.C., 
performs  a systems 
check  on  an  SH-60B 
Seahawk  from  Anti- 
Submarine  Helicopter 
Squadron  (HS)  1 1 
aboard  USS  George 
Washington  (CVN  73). 

A A hose  team  from 
a repair  locker  forms 
up  during  a mass 
conflagration  drill  on 
board  the  aircraft 
carrier  USS  George 
Washington  (CVN 

A BT3  Cook,  control  center  supervisor  at 
Naval  Station  Rota,  Spain’s  brig  facility, 
monitors  the  whereabouts  of  all  personnel 
within  the  building  and  controls  access  to 
the  secured  spaces. 



A A pilot  from  Fighter  Squadron  (VF)  102  gives  his  F-14B  Tomcat  a pre-flight  inspection. 
USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73)  and  its  embarked  Carrier  Air  Wing  (CVW)  1 are 
operating  in  the  Arabian  Gulf  to  support  U.N.  sanctions  against  Iraq. 

MARCH  1998 


Photo  by  PH3  Joseph  Hendricks 

Around  the  Fleet 

FHTNC  reaches 

NORFOLK  — The  Fleet 
Home  Town  News  Center 
(FHTNC)  reached  a 
milestone  in  1997  by 
releasing  more  than  1 
million  hometown  news 
stories  about  Sailors, 
Marines  and  Coast 
Guardsmen  stationed 
around  the  world. 

Releases  were  sent  to 
almost  12,000  newspapers 
and  radio  stations 
throughout  the  United 
States  and  its  territories. 
The  Norfolk-based  center 
produced  releases  on 
personnel  from  six  carrier 
battle  groups,  six  amphib- 
ious ready  groups,  seven 
Mideast  Force  deploy- 
ment groups,  45  com- 
mands based  overseas 
and  40  special  operations. 

In  addition  to  unit 
specific  stories,  FHTNC 
produced  thousands  of 
individual  releases  on 
personal  awards,  promo- 
tions and  retirements,  as 
well  as  acknowledging 
numerous  graduations 
from  recruit  training, 
service  schools  and 
civilian  colleges. 

The  key  to  this  achieve- 
ment was  the  Sailors  and 
Marines  who  elected  to  be 
part  of  this  program.  For 
information  on  how  your 
command  can  participate 
in  this  voluntary  public 
affairs  program,  call  DSN 
564-2221/4346  or  (757) 
444-2221/4346.  E-mail  can 
be  sent  to  dlee@fhtnc.  £ 

Houses  in  the  Nimitz  Hill  housing  area  near  Naval  Station  Marianas,  Guam,  sit  crumpled  by 
super  typhoon  Paka.  The  typhoon  hit  the  island  with  sustained  winds  of  175  mph. 

Seabees  assist  Typhoon  Paka  victims 


— Super-typhoon  Paka 
roared  across  the  island  of 
Guam,  Dec.  16,  unleashing 
torrential  rains  and  record 
wind  gusts  up  to  190  mph. 
The  storm  damaged  or 
destroyed  about  half  the 
homes  on  the  island. 

In  response,  several 
commands  from  Construc- 
tion Battalion  Center 
(CBC),  Port  Hueneme, 
Calif.,  teamed  up  to  load 
two  C-5  aircraft  headed  for 
the  island  with  needed 
equipment  such  as  genera- 
tors and  flatbed  trailers. 

Seabee  commands 
participating  in  the  human- 
itarian effort  were  — 31st 
Naval  Construction  Regi- 
ment, construction  me- 
chanics and  equipment 
operators  from  Naval 
Mobile  Construction 
Battalions  3 and  4,  techni- 
cians from  Mobile  Utilities 
Support  Equipment  De- 
partment and  CBC's 
Construction  Equipment 
Department.  £ 

A Seabees  stationed 
at  Construction 
Battalion  Center,  Port 
Hueneme,  Calif.,  load 
equipment  aboard  a C- 
5 aircraft  headed  for 
Guam  in  support  of 
humanitarian  efforts  on 
the  typhoon-devastat- 
ed island. 

< In  the  aftermath  of 
super  typhoon  Paka, 
five-year-old  Stephanie 
Naystatt,  plays  her  part 
in  humanitarian  relief 
efforts  by  using  her 
wagon  to  transport 
potable  water. 



MCPON  suggests 
Sailors  read 
naval  history 

Chief  Petty  Officer  of  the 
Navy  Master  Chief  Elec- 
tronics Technician  (SW) 
John  Hagan  strongly 
recommends  Sailors  read 
about  naval  history. 
History  books  give  Sailors 
an  insight  into  the  experi- 
ences of  their  predecessors 
and  help  develop  charac- 


Hagan  said  that  honor, 
courage,  commitment, 
dedication,  integrity, 
discipline  loyalty  have  not 
changed  in  the  U.S.  Navy's 
222-year  history.  "We 
realize  we  have  a proud 
heritage  only  because  those 
values  prevailed  in  our 
past,"  said  Hagan.  "We 
have  a great  deal  to  learn 
from  the  way  Sailors  of  the 
past  displayed  today's 
Core  Values  of  Honor, 

Courage  and  Commitment, 
and  lived  up  to  their 

Ship  and  station  librar- 
ies carry  many  of  the  books 
on  MCPON's  reading  list. 
Here  is  just  a sample  of  the 
hundreds  of  books  avail- 
able on  naval  history: 

1)  We  Will  Stand  By  You  - 
Serving  in  the  Pawnee,  1942- 
1945  by  Theodore  C. 


2)  Crossing  the  Line:  A 
Bluejacket's  World  War  II 



Odyssey  by  Alvin  Kernan 

3)  Brave  Ship,  Brave  Men 
by  Arnold  S.  Lott 

4)  Proudly  We  Served:  The 
Men  of  USS  Mason  by  Mary 
Pat  Kelly 

5)  Good  Night,  Officially 
by  William  M McBride 

6)  Blood  on  the  Sea  by 
Robert  Sinclair  Parkin 

7)  The  Last  Patrol  by 
Harry  Holmes 

8)  The  Ship  That  Held  The 
Line  by  Lisle  A.  Rose  £ 

30,000  Sailors,  Marines  train  in  JTFEX  98-1 


A Landing  Craft  Air  Cushion  (LCAC)  transports  Marines  from  the  26th  MEU  and  its  equipment  on 
board  the  amphibious  assault  ship  USS  Wasp  (LHD  1)  during  the  onload  phase  of  JTFEX  98-1 . 

John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74) 

Carrier  Battle  Group 
(CVBG),  with  embarked 
Carrier  Air  Wing  7,  and 
the  USS  Wasp  (LHD  1) 

Amphibious  Ready 
Group  (ARG),  with 
embarked  26th  Marine 
Expeditionary  Unit, 
recently  completed  Joint 
Task  Force  Exercise 
(JTFEX)  98-1. 

The  three-week 
exercise  included 
participation  by  more 
than  30,000  service 
members  from  all 
branches  of  the  Armed 
Forces  and  provided 
quality,  realistic,  inten- 
sive training  to  fully 
prepare  U.S.  forces  for 
joint  operations.  JTFEX 
98-1  featured  the  latest 
advances  in  technology  and  demonstrated  a wide 
range  of  capabilities  that  may  be  needed  in  various 
geographic  areas  where  forces  serve  on  deploy- 

Ships  and  submarines  of  John  C.  Stennis' s CVBG 
participating  in  JTFEX  98-1  included  USS  Monterey 

(CG  61),  USS  San  Jacinto  (CG  56),  USS  Cole  (DDG 
67),  USS  Laboon  (DDG  58),  USS  Caron  (DD  970), 
USS  Santa  Barbara  (AE  28),  USS  Providence  (SSN 
719)  and  USS  Minneapolis-St.  Paul  (SSN  708). 
Ships  of  the  Wasp  ARG  included  USS  Trenton 
(LPD  14)  and  USS  Portland  (LSD  37).  £ 

MARCH  1998 


Around  the  Fleet 

Singapore  to 
open  to  larger 
Navy  ships  in 
the  future 

United  States  and  Sin- 
gapore announced  a new 
agreement  for  U.S.  aircraft 
carriers,  submarines  and 
other  warships  to  use  a 
planned  $35  million  naval 
base  in  Singapore  for  port 
visits  and  maintenance 
beginning  in  the  year  2000. 

The  announcement  at  a 
joint  press  conference  drew 
praise  from  visiting  U.S. 
Defense  Secretary  William 
Cohen,  who  called  it 
further  evidence  of  the 
desire  by  both  countries  for 
the  American  military  to 
help  maintain  security  in 
the  Asia-Pacific  region. 

Cruisers  and  smaller 
U.S.  Navy  ships  already 
use  limited  facilities  in 
Singapore  for  port  calls, 
but  giant  aircraft  carriers 
are  forced  to  anchor 
offshore  and  cannot  dock 
at  this  strategically  located 
city-state  between  the 
South  China  Sea  and  the 
Strait  of  Malacca. 

"I  think  it  sends  a very 
strong  signal  once  again 
for  the  long-term  security 
relationship  in  this  region," 
said  Cohen.  ^ 

Exercise  Reliant 
Mermaid  ends 

NEAN — USS  John  Rodgers 
(DD  983)  with  Command- 
er, Destroyer  Squadron 


As  part  of  shipboard  team  training,  Sailors  assigned  to  the  aircraft  carrier  USS  Independence 
(CV  62)  conduct  realistic  firefighting  techniques  on  a mock  jet. 

Sailors  learn  teamwork  is  key  to  survival 

PENSACOLA  — Choking  smoke, 
burning  jet  fuel,  hot  ordnance,  flames 
leaping  into  the  air  licking  the  sky  ... 
it's  all  in  a day's  training  at  Aviation 
Boatswain's  Mate  Aircraft  Handler 
School  located  at  the  Naval  Air  Techni- 
cal Training  Center  (NATTC),  NAS 
Pensacola,  Fla. 

Three  courses  are  taught  at  the 
center:  Basic  "A"  school.  Advanced 
"C"  school  for  E-5s  and  above,  and 
Aircraft  Firefighting  Shipboard  Team 
Trainer  course. 

Each  successive  course  builds  upon 
previously  learned  techniques  and 
concepts  to  bring  Sailors  to  a more 
complete  understanding  of  what  it 
takes  to  battle  one  of  the  worst  night- 
mares for  any  Sailor  — fire  aboard  ship 
— and  win. 

The  shipboard  team  trainer  is  where 
this  firefighting  training  is  put  to  the 

ultimate  test  as  personnel  from  all 
types  of  ships  come  together  to  learn 
how  to  combat  all  type  of  fire  in  a real- 
life  training  environment. 

"The  course  is  designed  to  take  crash 
and  salvage  crews  from  ships  and  teach 
them  concepts  in  firefighting,"  said 
Chief  Warrant  Officer  Rick  Dawdy. 

Sailors  going  through  the  course  can 
come  from  just  about  any  rate  that 
works  on  the  deck  of  an  aircraft  carrier. 
Crews  practice  on  a mock-up  aircraft 
that  has  jet  fuel  pumped  to  it  to  feed 
the  practice  fires. 

Personnel  also  learn  handling  and 
salvage  techniques  for  moving  and 
lifting  aircraft  that  may  land  with  a 
collapsed  landing  gear. 

The  school  trains  about  500  "A"  and 
"C"  school  students  every  year.  An 
additional  200  or  so  go  through  the 
shipboard  team  training  course.  £ 

barked,  recently  participat- 
ed in  Exercise  Reliant 
Mermaid  near  Haifa,  Israel. 
Elements  of  the  Turkish 
and  Israeli  navies  also 
participated  in  the  humani- 
tarian search  and  rescue 
(SAR)  exercise  in  the 

international  waters  of  the 
Mediterranean  Sea. 

The  scenario  of  the 
exercise  simulated  three 
sinking  civilian  sailboats. 
Helicopter  Antisubmarine 
Squadron  Light  46,  Det.  6 
aircraft  from  John  Rodgers 
located  the  sinking  vessels 

and  directed  Navy  ships  to 
the  area. 

"Our  SAR  training 
certainly  paid  off,"  said 
Operations  Specialist  2nd 
Class  Juan  R.  Caro,  a 
rescue  swimmer  aboard 
John  Rodgers.  There's  no 
question  if  the  ship  does 


receive  a distress  call, 
we're  ready  to  respond. 
John  Rodgers  really  operat- 
ed as  a team." 

Reliant  Mermaid  was  the 
first  exercise  of  this  type  by 
the  three  nations. 

USS  Comstock 
crew  visits  India 

(NWS)  — USS  Comstock 
(LSD  45)  visited  Port 

Blair,  India  in  January  to 
enhance  relations  between 
the  United  States  and  the 
Indian  military.  Comstock 
became  the  first  U.S. 

Navy  ship  to  visit  Port 
Blair,  located  in  the 
Eastern  Bay  of  Bengal. 

Comstock  crew  mem- 
bers gave  tours  to  more 
than  1,000  Indian  natives. 
For  some  Indians,  this 
was  the  first  time  they 
had  ever  seen  Americans. 

"Being  a tour  guide 
was  a great  experience," 
said  Personnelman  2nd 
Class  Mae  L.  Purganan, 
from  Bellview,  Wash. 
"Everyone  was  enthusias- 
tic and  attentive  because 
they  had  never  seen  a U.S. 
naval  warship  before." 

"The  visit  to  Port  Blair 
was  thrill  for  the  ship," 
said  Comstock's  command- 
ing officer,  CDR  Gregg  S. 

Jackson.  "Not  only  was  it 
a unique  cultural  experi- 
ence, but  it  was  an  oppor- 
tunity to  show  off  the 
United  States  Navy- 
Marine  Corps  team  and 
increase  understanding 
between  the  Indian  and 
United  States  militaries.  It 
was  a visit  that  none  of  us 
will  soon  forget."  .j. 

Halifax  harbors  healthy  haven 

HALIFAX,  NOVA  SCOTIA  — Famous  liberty  port; 
assembly  point  of  merchant  convoys  in  World  War  II; 
and  home  of  Commander  Undersea  Surveillance  (CUS) 
Det.,  Halifax. 

This  little-known  duty  station  is  a once  in  a lifetime 
opportunity  to  enjoy  one  of  the  most  beautiful  and 
"best-kept  secret"  duty  stations  the  Navy  has  to  offer. 
"The  Halifax  area  is  a great  place  to  live  and  raise  a 
family,"  said  Sonar  Technician  (Geographic)  1st  Class 
William  V.  Carone  of  CUS  Det.  Halifax.  "My  children 
enjoy  the  schools  and  activities  after  school  at  the 
community  centers.  My  wife  has  made  many  friends 
while  living  here.  Working  in  Maritime  Atlantic  Com- 
mand, Intelligence  Division,  has  allowed  me  to  expand 
my  skills,  not  only  as  an  acoustician,  but  as  a Sailor,  too" 
Carone  added. 

CUS  Det.  Halifax  is  part  of  "Trinity,"  the  Canadian 
Forces  Integrated  Undersea  Surveillance  System  (IUSS) 
Center,  established  in  1995  to  take  on  the  responsibilities 
once  assigned  to  Naval  Facility  Argentia,  Newfound- 
land, and  Canadian  Forces  Station  Shelbourne,  Nova 








mAss:  • Boston 


•New  York 

• , . New  jersey 


’ • Washington  D C. 




Quebec  new 

Gulf  of 

Live  musicians  are  a 
common  site  on  the 
Halifax  waterfront  during 
the  summer. 

Scotia.  Since  the  base  closings 
in  Argentia  and  Shelbourne,  a 
small  Navy  detachment  of 
approximately  30  enlisted 
personnel  and  officers  has 
played  an  integral  role  in 
supporting  joint  Canadian/ 

U.S.  undersea  surveillance. 

According  to  CUS  Det.  Officer  In  Charge  LCDR 
Selena  Hernandez-Haines,  "Traditionally,  most  overseas 
IUSS  commands  were  in  places  like  Keflavik,  Iceland, 
and  on  Midway  Island.  To  be  situated  downtown  in  a 
city  that  is  the  cultural  center  of  the  region  is  a wonder- 
ful change." 

Though  a small  part  of  the  crew  at  Trinity,  the  U.S. 
Navy  detachment  will  continue  to  provide  dedicated 
IUSS  support  to  both  Canadian  and  U.S.  fleets.  And 
they  will  definitely  continue  to  enjoy  the  beautiful  and 
vibrant  city  of  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia.  £ 

MARCH  1998 



BUPERS  emphasizes 
need  for  family  care  plans 

All  Navy  personnel  on  active  duty  or  in  the  Ready  Reserve 
who  have  a military  spouse  or  who  are  single  parents  are 
required  to  have  a current  family  care  certificate  on  file  with 
their  command. 

Recently,  BUPERS  reiterated  this  policy  in  NAVADMIN  296/ 
97,  emphasizing  the  need  for  service  members  to  have  a de- 
tailed plan  to  ensure  they  can  fulfill  military  duties,  including 
deployment,  normal  and  extended  work  hours,  temporary 
additional  duty  assignment  (TAD),  weekend  duty,  etc.  The 
Navy  Family  Care  Plan  can  be  found  in  OPNAVINST  1740. 4A. 

Service  members  must  submit  a new  or  updated  family  care 
plan  when  reporting  to  a new  duty  station  or  when  they  have  a 
change  in  caregiver  circumstances  or  in  personal  or  family 
circumstances  (birth  or  adoption  of  a child,  assuming  sole  care 
for  an  elderly  or  disabled  family  member,  etc.).  Commands 
must  verify  the  plans  when  they  are  received  prior  to  reenlist- 
ment or  extension  of  obligated  service,  and  prior  to  the  service 
member  moving  under  permanent  change  of  station  (PCS) 

BUPERS  point  of  contact  is  LCDR  Jim  Hogan  at  DSN  224- 
6862  or  (703)  614-6862.  (BUPERS)  $ 

Qualified  Sailors  needed  for  Linguist  rating 

Sailors  who  are  proficient  in  a foreign 
language  have  the  opportunity  to  be- 
come Navy  linguists. 

The  Cryptologic  Technician  (Interpre- 
tive) (CTI),  rating,  offers  excellent 
advancement  opportunity:  E-4  at  100 
percent,  E-5  at  32  percent  and  E-6  at  34 
percent  on  the  last  exam  cycle;  the  rating 
is  in  Career  Reenlistment  Objectives  (CREO) 
Group  1.  Other  benefits  include  Selective  Reen- 
listment Bonus  (SRB)  Zone  A levels  up  to  5.5  (de- 
pending on  language),  and  special  language  profi- 
ciency pay,  as  discussed  in  NAVADMIN  293/97. 

BUPERS  is  specifically  looking  for  Sailors,  E-2 
through  E-5,  who  can  speak  proficiently  (native  or 

near  native),  read,  and/or  write  Spanish, 
French,  Arabic,  Persian-Farsi,  Chinese 
(Mandarin),  Korean,  Vietnamese,  Cambo- 
dian, Serbian,  Croatian  and  Russian. 

Sailors  who  are  accepted  for  conver- 
sion to  CTI  will  receive  up  to  63  weeks  of 
foreign  language  training  at  the  Defense 
Language  Institute  in  Monterey,  Calif., 
with  follow-  on  technical  training  at 
Goodfellow  AFB,  Texas. 

NAVADMIN  293/97  contains  specific  information 
on  entry  and  test  score  requirements.  Interested 
Sailors  can  contact  CDR  Perlberg  at  DSN  225-3380  or 
(703)  695-3380,  or  CTICS  Harris  at  DSN  225-6363  or 
(703)  695-6363.  (BUPERS)  $ 




SECNAV,  OPNAV  instructions  and  notices 
now  available  on  CD-ROM,  internet 

Unclassified  SECNAV  and 
OPNAV  instructions  and  notices 
are  now  available  for 
Sailors  on  CD-ROM  in  a 
collection  of  five  disks. 

They're  also  available  on 
the  Internet  at 
usndirs.htm>  in  Porta- 
ble Document  Format 
(pdf)  with  an  easy-to- 
install  Acrobat  Reader 
package  included. 

The  entire  system,  both 
CD-ROM  and  Internet,  is 
called  the  Navy  Electronic 
Directives  System  (NEDS). 

NEDS  will  increase  availability 
and  improve  delivery  of  the 
directives.  Since  the  web  site  is 
updated  weekly  and  the  CD  is 
updated  quarterly,  the  task  of 
maintaining  binders,  entering 


and  keeping  directive  libraries 
up-to-date  will  be  eliminated, 
saving  valuable  time  and  space. 
"I  can  research  things  in  a 

timely  manner  and  at  the  same 
time  know  they  [the  directives] 
are  all  there,"  said  Yeoman  1st 
Class  (SW)  Richard  Kowalczyk, 
assigned  to  the  Navy  and  Marine 
Corps  Center  in  Wilmington,  Del. 

All  Navy  activities  listed  on  the 
Standard  Navy  Distribution  List 
will  receive  a set  of  the  CD-ROMs 
quarterly.  If  more  than  one  set  is 
needed,  an  order  may  be  placed 
for  a minimal  cost  with  the 
Defense  Automated  Printing 
Service  Office 
in  Philadel- 
phia. Ordering 
and  forms  are 
available  on 
the  web  and 
on  the  CDs. 

(Navy  Wire 
Service)  £ 

Navy-Marine  Corps  Relief  Society  assumes 
Red  Cross  financial  help  to  Sailors 

When  Sailors,  Marines  and 
their  eligible  family  members  go 
to  the  American  Red  Cross  for 
financial  assistance,  the  funds 
will  now  come  from  the  Navy- 
Marine  Corps  Relief  Society 

Effective  Jan.  1,  the  Red  Cross 
discontinued  direct  funding  of 
financial  assistance  to  service 
members  and  their  families. 
However,  Red  Cross  emergency 
communications  services  and 

disaster  relief  support  remain 
unaffected  by  the  change. 

The  nearest  NMCRS  office 
should  continue  to  be  the  first 
stop  for  Sailors,  Marines  and 
their  eligible  family  members  in 
need  of  financial  help.  If  a need 
arises  and  a shipboard  or  shore 
NMCRS  office  worldwide  cannot 
be  contacted,  the  nearest  Red 
Cross  office  should  be  reached. 
(Navy/Marine  Corps  Relief 
Society)  & 

MARCH  1998 



Aviation  Warfare  Systems  Operator  1st  Class 
(Aviation  Warfare)  Steven  Winter  stationed  at 
Helicopter  Antisubmarine  Squadron  Light  41,  was 
named  the  squadron's  Aircrew  Instructor  of  the  Year 
for  1997.  The  Circleville,  Ohio,  native  was  selected  for 
this  honor  by  his  fellow  instructors  after  demonstrat- 
ing imaginative  teaching  techniques,  dynamic 
leadership  and  outstanding  professionalism. 

Scott  Miserendino,  an  employee  of  the  Military 
Sealift  Command,  was  selected  to  receive  a Coperni- 
cus Award  by  the  Armed  Forces  Communication  and 
Electronics  Association  and  the  U.S.  Naval  Institute. 
Miserendino  headed  a project  allowing  MSC  ships  to 
receive  messages  on  desktop  computers  instead  of 
through  satellite  connections.  The  cost  saving  is 
approximately  $3  million  a year. 

Hospital  Corpsman  1st  Class  Constance  Zeno  was 

named  Selected  Reserve  Sailor  of  the  Quarter,  for 
Naval  Reserve  Medical/ Dental  0276,  Point  Mugu, 
Calif.  The  Ridgecrest,  Calif.,  resident  was  chosen  for 
her  hands-on  leadership  to  accuracy  as  the  unit's 
acting  leading  chief  petty  officer.  Additionally,  under 
her  direction  and  guidance,  the  unit  received  invalu- 
able training  during  their  recent  annual  training. 

Yeoman  1st  Class  (SW/AW)  Daniel  D.  Burke  was 

recently  selected  as  the  FY97  Recruiter  Support 
Person  of  the  Year  for  Navy  Recruiting  Command. 
Burke,  a native  of  Blue  Springs,  Mo.,  is  assigned  to 
Navy  Recruiting  District,  Kansas  City.  Aside  from  his 
everyday  administrative  work  and  career  counselor 
responsibilities,  Burke  also  provided  dozens  of 
referrals  for  recruiters  throughout  the  district. 

Aviation  Ordnanceman  1st  Class  (Aviation  Warfare) 
Wiley  Lee  Portis  was  selected  Naval  Air  Station 
Pensacola's  1997  Sailor  of  the  Year.  Portis  was  recog- 
nized as  the  command  crime  prevention  coordinator. 
He  also  performed  the  duties  of  career  counselor, 
small  arms  instructor/range  and  safety  officer, 
disaster  preparedness  officer  and  physical  readiness 

Your  shipmate's  face  could  be  here!  Does  your 
command  have  a Sailor,  civilian  employee  or  family 
member  whose  accomplishments  deserve  recogni- 
tion? Send  a short  write-up  and  full-face  color  print 
or  slide  to:  All  Hands  magazine.  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  NAVSTA  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 
2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373- 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
All  Hands  Art  Director 
JOCS  Cary  Casola 
All  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
JOI  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 
William  E.  Beamon 
DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 
SN  Michael  Noeth 

Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002- 
5577)  (Number  971)  is  published  monthly  by 
Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division, 

Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373- 
5819.  Periodical-class  postage  is  paid  at 
Washington,  D.C.  20374  and  additional 
mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superinten- 
dent of  Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing 
Office,  Washington,  D.C.  20402  or  call  (202) 

Postmaster:  Send  address  changes  to  All 
Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia, 
Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W., 
Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and 
correspondence  to:  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor,  Naval 
Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol 
St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 
Phone  (202)  433-4171  or  DSN  288-4171.  Fax 
(202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747.  E-mail:  Message: 

Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy 
has  determined  this  publication  is  necessary 
in  the  transaction  of  business  required  by  law 
of  the  Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for 
printing  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee.  ClipArt 
Images  from  CorelDraw  6.0  were  used  to 
prepare  this  magazine. 



Any  Day  in  the  Navy  1998 

Any  day  of  the  week  May  4-10  is  a typical  day  in  the  Navy  That’s  why  it’s  so  important  to  us. 

Wanted  are  quality  photographs  that  capture 

Sailors,  Marines,  Navy  civilians,  Naval  Reserv- 
ists and  family  members  performing  daily  tasks, 
interacting  with  each  other  and/or  otherwise  contributing 
to  mission  accomplishment.  The  shoot  has  been  extend- 
ed to  encompass  an  entire 
week  to  allow  commands 
more  flexibility.  Selected 
photos  will  be  published  in 
the  October  1998  issue  of 
All  Hands. 

Photographs  taken 
should  reflect  the  diversity  of 
both  people  and  capabilities 
in  the  U.S.  Navy  and  must 
be  shot  during  the  week  of 
Monday,  May  4 through 
Sunday,  May  10,  1998. 

Photos  depicting  safety  or 
uniform  violations  will  not  be 
considered.  The  best  shots 
tend  to  be  candid  and 
unrehearsed,  displaying  the 
imagination  and  creativity  of 
the  photographer. 

Submissions  must 
include  full  credit  and 
cutline  information,  includ- 
ing: full  name,  rank,  duty 
station  and  phone  number 
of  the  photographer;  the 
names  and  hometowns  of 
identifiable  people  in  the 

photos;  details  on  what’s  happening  and  where  the 
photos  were  taken.  Captions  must  be  attached  individual- 
ly to  each  photo  or  each  slide. 

Photos  must  be  processed  and  received  (not  post- 
marked) by  All  Hands  by  May  30,  1998.  Photos  will  not  be 

returned.  Submit  pro- 
cessed and  mounted 
color  slides,  or  quality 
color  prints,  either  5X7  or 
8X10.  Digital  images  will 
also  be  accepted.  Just 
mail  a zip  disk  containing 
the  high  resolution  JPEG 
images  with  cutlines  and 
photo  credits  embedded. 
Zip  disks  will  not  be 
returned.  You  may  also 
download  high  resolution 
JPEG  images  directly  to 
the  News  Photo  Division 
of  CHINFO  by  dialing 
(703)  521-1370  or  (703) 
521-1713.  Mark  all 
images  as  “Any  Day 

Mail  submissions  to: 
Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division, 
ATTN:  All  Hands,  Photo 
Editor,  NAVSTA  Anacos- 
tia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.  20373-5819. 

Photocopy  this  form  and  attach  a completed  copy  to  each  photo  you  submit. 


Full  name: 


Duty  station  (including  mailing  address  and  phone  number):  


Where  photograph  was  shot:  _ 

Caption  (what  the  photo  depicts): 

People  in  the  photo  (include  first  and  last  names,  ranks/ratings,  warfare  designators  and  hometowns): 

NAME:  HM1  Dawn  G.  Walker 

ASSIGNED  TO:  Naval  Submarine 
Training  Center,  Pacific 

HOMETOWN:  Cleveland 

HOBBIES:  Hiking,  listening  to 

BEST  PART  OF  THE  JOB:  “Enjoy- 
ing the  work  that  I do  and  provid- 
ing an  invaluable  service  to  the 
submarine  community.” 

KEYS  TO  SUCCESS:  “Maintaining 
a positive  attitude,  setting  high 

i ■;  • -* 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
All  Hands  Art  Director 
JOCS  Cary  Casola 
All  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
JOI  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 
William  E.  Beamon 
Joe  Barsin 

JOI  Siegfried  Brunner 
DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 
DMSN  Michael  Noeth 

Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002- 
5577)  (Number  972)  is  published  monthly  by 
Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division, 

Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373- 
5819.  Periodical-class  postage  is  paid  at 
Washington,  D.C.  20374  and  additional 
mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superinten- 
dent of  Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing 
Office,  Washington,  D.C.  20402  or  call  (202) 

Postmaster:  Send  address  changes  to  All 
Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia, 
Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W., 
Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and 
correspondence  to:  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor,  Naval 
Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol 
St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 
Phone  (202)  433-4171  or  DSN  288-4171.  Fax 
(202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747.  E-mail:  Message: 

Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy 
has  determined  this  publication  is  necessary 
in  the  transaction  of  business  required  by  law 
of  the  Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for 
printing  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee. 


2 Year  of  the  Ocean  — Get  into  It! 

Secretary  of  the  Navy  John  Dalton  supports 
the  Navy’s  participation  in  the  Year  of  the 

Oceans  101 
4 The  Oceans 
6 Seawater  vs.  Freshwater 
8 The  Restless  Sea 
10  The  Underwater  World 
12  Bioluminescence 

14  El  Nino  stirs  up  trouble 

Find  out  why  this  year’s  weather  patterns  are 

1 8 Year  of  the  Ocean  mini-poster 

Take  a close  look  and  see  how  many  sea 
creatures  you  can  name. 

20  Ocean  Research 

Naval  Research  Lab  scientists  are  exploring 
everything  from  whale  song  to  mud  volcanos. 

22  Sea  Critters 

Take  a quick  peek  at  some  of  the  sea  life  just 

below  the  ocean’s  surface. 

On  the  Conor 

26  NR-1 

28  The  Jason  Project 
30  Oceanographic  Ships 
Project  Marco  Polo 

34  Littoral  Zone 

n weather  and  water  can  affect  the 

The  oceans  resources  are 
finite.  Each  of  us  has  a 
responsibility  to  manage 
these  vital  resources  wisely 
and  carefully  so  future 
generations  can  use  and 
enjoy  them.  You  have  the 
power.  You  can  make  a 
difference.  Art  by  DMSN 
Michael  Noeth 



§§6  Pathfinder  of  the  Seas 

During  the  1850s,  Matthew  Fontaine  Maury 
developed  “the  physical  geography  of  the  seas” 
the  forerunner  of  oceanography. 

40  Environmental  Innovation 

The  Navy  continues  to  improve  its  steward- 

ship of  the  environment. 

Ocean  /Q 

Here’s  a fast  and  fun  quiz  to  test  your  oceano- 
graphic knowledge. 



-1  * 


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• / • - 

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r m 1 

On  Line 

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Check  us  out  at ... 

44  CyberSailor 

If  you  want  more  information  about 
oceans,  check  out  these  Web  si 

Monterey  Bay  Aquarium 

Monterey  Bay  Aquarium  Monterey  Bay  Aquarium 

or  222  years,  Americans  have 
used  the  world's  oceans  as  a vehi- 
cle for  supporting  peace  and  securi- 
ty in  the  world.  That's  where  the 
Navy-Marine  Corps  Team  spends  its  time. 
Our  Sailors  and  Marines  have  a very 
healthy  appreciation  of  the  oceans,  but  we 
all  must  become  aware  of  just  how  precious 
the  oceans  are  to  us. 

The  Navy-Marine  Corps  team  has  shown 
true  global  leadership  in  pollution  preven- 
tion, waste  management,  national  and  inter- 
national regulations,  and  conducting  our- 
selves as  good  stewards  of  the  environment 
and  our  oceans.  We  continue  to  find  new 
ways  to  use  today's  technology  to  protect 
our  oceans. 

Our  oceans  are  a precious  resource  that 
we  must  constantly  strive  to  preserve. 

I want  to  reemphasize  my  own  commit- 
ment to  the  Year  of  the  Ocean. 

The  Navy-Marine  Corps  Team  recognizes 
that  the  ocean  is  where  we  do  our  business, 
where  we  train  and  where  we  ensure  that 
we  are  ready.  We  can  do  no  less  than  take 
good  care  of  'our'  oceans!" 

— Secretary  of  the  Navy  John  H.  Dalton 

APRIL  1998 


Our  oceans  are  the  source  of  infinite  energy,  splendid  beauty  and  unparalleled  mystery.  Although  much  is  known 
about  this  world  beneath  the  waves,  so  much  more  is  still  waiting  to  be  discovered.  With  more  than  70  percent  of 
the  world's  surface  covered  by  water,  the  Earth's  oceans  remain  an  immense  frontier  for  exploration.  For  more  than 
200  years,  the  U.S.  Navy  has  sailed  these  oceans  in  defense  of  freedom.  Every  Sailor  should  understand  this 
incredibly  vast,  sometimes  fragile  and  always  remarkable  marine  environment. 

The  Four  Oceans 

The  four  oceans  of  the  world  are  the  Atlantic,  Pacific,  Indian  and  Arctic. 
While  "ocean"  and  "sea"  are  often  used  interchangeably,  a "sea"  is  actually 
a subdivision  of  an  ocean.  There  are  54  seas. 

Boundaries  between  oceans  were  arbitrarily  established. 

For  example,  in  the  Southern  Hemisphere,  the  Atlantic  is 
separated  from  the  Pacific  by  an  imaginary  line  which 
extends  from  Cape  Horn  across  Drake  Passage  to 
Antarctica.  Similarly,  the  Pacific  is  separated  from 
the  Indian  Ocean  by  a string  of  islands  extending 


I,.  ■ 

ft  ' 

from  the  Strait  of  Malacca  to  Australia,  and 
southward  from  Tasmania  to  Antarctica. 

Pacific  Ocean 

The  Pacific  is  by  far  the  largest  and  deepest  of  the 
four  oceans.  It  covers  nearly  one-third  of  the  globe, 
an  area  approximately  64  million  square  miles.  The  Pacific 
Ocean  is  so  immense  that  all  the  world's  continents  could 
be  put  into  it  with  room  to  spare.  Likely  the  most  violent  of  the 
oceans,  the  Pacific  is  home  to  typhoons  near  the  equator  where  the 
ocean  measures  nearly  11,000  miles  wide.  It  is  also  home  to  more  than  300  active 
volcanoes  and  periodic  tidal  waves.  The  Pacific  has  an  average  depth  of  13,000  feet. 



Atlantic  Ocean 

The  hourglass-shaped  Atlantic  covers  approximately 
20  percent  of  the  Earth's  surface  and  is  the  second  largest 
of  the  four  oceans.  It  extends  from  the  North  Pole  south- 
ward for  10,000  miles  to  the  Antarctic  continent,  and 
covers  41  million  square  miles.  More  is  known  about  the 
Atlantic  because  of  the  heavy  commercial  and  military 
ship  traffic  connecting  Europe  and  North  America.  The 
Atlantic's  average  depth  is  12,000  feet  and  the  greatest 
depth  is  28,374  feet  in  the  Puerto  Rico  Trench.  If  Alaska's 
Mount  McKinley  (20,320  feet)  was  to  rise  from  the  floor 
of  the  Puerto  Rico  trench,  its  peak  would  still  be  about 
1.5  miles  below  the  surface  of  the  Atlantic. 

Indian  Ocean 

The  Indian  Ocean  is  often  incorrectly  thought  of  as  a 
tropical  ocean.  Check  your  map!  It  stretches  southward 
to  Antarctica.  It  is  triangular  and  bordered  by  Africa, 
Asia,  Antarctica  and  Australia.  Although  it  covers  about 
28.5  million  square  miles,  it  is  smaller  than  the  Atlantic 
and  less  than  half  the  size  of  the  Pacific  Ocean.  The 
Indian  Ocean  contains  only  20  percent  of  the  Earth's 
water  surface,  but  many  island  nations  are  found  within 
its  boundaries  - Madagascar,  which  is  the  world's  fourth 
largest  island,  the  Seychelles,  Maldives,  Mauritius  and 
Sri  Lanka. 

Arctic  Ocean 

Centered  approximately  on  the  North  Pole,  it  is  the 
smallest  of  the  world's  oceans,  covering  about  four  and 
a half  square  miles.  This  ocean's  maximum  depth  is 
18,050  feet.  The  ocean  is  divided  into  two  nearly  equal 
basins:  The  Eurasia  and  the  Amerasia.  The  Lomonosov 
Ridge,  which  extends  from  northeastern  Greenland  to 
Central  Siberia,  separates  the  basins.  The  Arctic  Ocean  is 
surrounded  by  the  land  masses  of  Eurasia,  North  Ameri- 
ca and  Greenland,  and  is  unlike  the  other  three  oceans 
because  of  its  perennial  ice  cover.  The  extent  of  ice  cover 
is  seasonal  between  60N  and  75N  latitude,  but  above 
75N  it  is  relatively  permanent.  Ice  cover  reduces  energy 
exchange  with  the  atmosphere  which  results  in  reduced 
precipitation  and  cold  temperatures. 


Seawater  us.  Freshwater 

Only  3 percent  of  the  Earth's  water  is  fresh,  the  rest  is  salty.  Two-thirds 
of  the  Earth's  fresh  water  supply  is  frozen  solid  in  ice  caps  and  gla- 
ciers. The  remaining  1 percent  is  found  in  clouds,  precipitation  (rain 
and  snow),  rivers,  lakes  and  ground  water.  Seawater,  or  saltwater,  is 
a complex  solution  made  up  of  trace  amounts  of  nearly  60  different 
chemical  elements,  including  gold.  In  fact,  if  all  the  gold  in  the  world's 
oceans  could  be  mined  there  would  be  enough  to  supply  every  person 
on  Earth  with  nine  pounds  each.  But, 
common  salt  is  the  most  abundant  ingredi- 
ent, making  up  approximately  78  percent  of 
the  total  dissolved  solids  in  seawater.  It  has  been  calculated  that  if  all  the  oceans  of 
the  world  would  dry  up,  4.4  million  cubic  miles  of  salt  would  remain.  That's  enough 
salt  to  cover  all  land  on  the  planet  to  a depth  of  150  feet. 


Glaciers  create  icebergs  when  large  chunks  of  the  glacier  break  off  (calving)  and 
begin  to  drift.  Approximately  7,500  icebergs  are  formed  during  this  process  each 
year.  Portions  of  an  iceberg  may  have  hues  of  blue  or  green,  depending  upon  the 

age  of  the  ice.  Blue  ice  is  "old,"  while 
green  ice,  which  contains  algae,  is 
considered  "new."  Glaciers  on  the 
west  coast  of  Greenland  produce 
most  of  the  icebergs  found  in  the 
Northern  Hemisphere.  Icebergs  vary 
in  size,  but  are  typically  irregular 
with  pinnacles.  About  seven-eighths 
of  an  iceberg  is  submerged.  Thus, 
iceberg  drift  is  affected  more  by 
ocean  currents  than  by  wind.  When 
they  drift  into  shipping  lanes,  they 
become  a serious  hazard. 

Seawater  Salinity 

The  first  thing  that  comes  to  mind  about  seawater  is  that  it  is  salty.  Salt  content, 
or  salinity,  is  the  total  amount  of  dissolved  solids  contained  in  one  kilogram  of 
seawater.  In  that  there  are  1,000  grams  in  a kilogram,  salinity  is  numerically 
expressed  in  parts  per  thousand  (ppt).  Salinity  in  the  oceans  varies  from  about 
32  to  37  ppt  except  in  the  polar  regions  and  near  shore  where  it  may  be  less  than 
30  ppt.  The  average  salinity  of  the  world's  oceans  is  35  ppt,  which  is  the  same  as 
35  grams  of  salt  in  each  kilogram  of  water. 


All  seven  species  of 
barracuda  live  in  Ameri 
can  waters.  The  great 
barracuda,  often  called 
“the  tiger  of  the  seas” 
feeds  on  other  fish  but 
will  attack  people. 

Seawater  Pressure 

A major  problem  with  working 
at  great  depths  is  the  tremendous 
weight  of  water.  Oceans,  like  the 
atmosphere,  exert  pressure  on  the  surface  upon  which 
they  rest.  For  example,  a 1-inch  by  1-inch  column  of 
atmosphere  resting  the  Earth's  surface  weighs  approxi- 
mately 15  pounds  (actually  14.7).  This  number,  when 
used  in  calculations,  is  referred  to  as  “one  atmosphere" 
or  14.7  pounds  per  square  inch.  Pressure  in  the  ocean 
increases  one  atmosphere  with  about  every  33  feet  of 
depth.  For  example,  at  a depth  of  99  feet,  the  absolute 
pressure  would  be  about  four  atmospheres,  or  four  times 
greater  than  on  the  surface.  In  the  Puerto  Rico  Trench 
mentioned  earlier  (28,374  feet  deep),  pressure  would  be 
more  than  12,642  pounds  per  square  inch  or  the  equiva- 
lent of  about  860  atmospheres. 

A hyperbaric  chamber 
can  keep  divers  from 
getting  the  bends. 

Underwater  Sound 

Light  and  radio  waves  are  highly  absorbed  by  the  oceans, 
but  sound  waves  are  not.  This  is  why  sound  waves  are 
used  to  probe  and  measure  the  oceans'  depth,  evaluate 
bottom  sediment  thickness  and  communicate  underwa- 
ter. The  speed  that  sound  travels  underwater  varies  from 
about  4,750  to  5,150  feet  per  second.  It  increases  with 
temperature  at  a rate  of  about  7 feet  per  second  per 
degree  Fahrenheit;  it  increases  with  salinity  at  about 
4 feet  per  second  per  1 ppt  increase  in  salinity;  and  it 
increases  1 foot  per  second  for  every  60  feet  of  depth. 

The  sun's  energy  drives  the 
oceans'  circulation  patterns. 

Rising  warm  air,  sinking  cold 
air  and  uneven  heating  of  the 
Earth's  surface  create  wind, 
which  is  the  major  force 
behind  all  horizontal  surface 
currents.  Other  forces  also 
effect  the  movement  of  the 
sea.  The  gravitational  pull  of 
the  sun  and  moon,  for 
example,  has  a particularly 
profound  influence  on  coastal 
waters  where  tidal  ranges  are 
large.  Whatever  force  is  driving  the  movement,  the 
bottom  line  is  that  the  ocean  is  in  constant  motion. 


Currents  are  persistent  global  water  motions  that 
transport  large  volumes  of  surface  and  subsurface 
water  across  vast  distances.  They  may  be  horizontal 
or  vertical,  depending  on  the  forcing  mechanism. 
Horizontal  surface  currents  are  propelled  by  the 
frictional  force  of  wind  dragging  the  water.  Because 
the  wind  directly  influences  currents  in  the  surface- 
layer  circulations  of  the  ocean,  there  is  a relationship 
between  oceanic  circulation  and  the  general  circulation 
of  the  atmosphere.  For  example,  in  the  Northern 
Hemisphere  oceanic  circulation  is  clockwise  and  in  the 

Southern  Hemisphere  it  is 
counterclockwise.  There 
are  also  subsurface  cur- 
rents involving  the  flow 
of  deep  ocean  water,  a 
process  called  thermoha- 
line circulation,  which 
arise  from  differences  in 
density  in  seawater.  These 
sea-surface  and  deep-ocean 
currents  keep  the  oceans 
in  constant  motion. 

Longshore  Currents 

Longshore  currents  can 
be  found  on  most  beach- 
es, but  their  strength  is 
seasonally  variable 
(stronger  in  winter). 

They  form  when  waves 
strike  a beach  at  an 
angle.  As  the  wave  front 
enters  shallow  water,  the 
leading  edge  of  the  wave  hits  the  shallow  water 
sooner  than  the  rest  of  the  wave  front  and  slows  down, 
bending  the  wave  as  it  moves  ashore.  The  shoreward 
movement  of  the  wave  thus  forms  a current  whose  net 
flow  is  parallel  to  the  shore  in  the  surf  zone.  The  speed 
of  the  longshore  current  increases  as  the  waves  get 
larger  and  strike  the  beach  with  less  frequency  at  a 
greater  angle.  The  slope  of  the  beach  can  also  affect 
this  current.  Once  established,  the  current  moves  at 
a speed  of  about  one  knot  in  the  same  direction  as  the 
advancing  wave  train.  Longshore  currents  are  more 
prevalent  along  lengthy  straight  coastlines.  Sandbars 
often  form  in  areas  where  longshore  currents  frequent- 
ly occur. 


Rip  Currents 

Longshore  currents  can  also  give  rise  to  rip  currents, 
often  called  "rip  tides."  Rip  currents  are  formed  when 
longshore  currents,  moving  parallel  to  the  coastline, 
are  deflected  seaward  by  bottom  irregularities,  or  meet 
another  current  deflecting  the  flow  seaward.  Develop- 
ment depends  upon  wave  conditions.  Large  incoming 
waves  on  a long,  straight  beach  will  produce  "rips." 


Tides  are  the  slow, 
periodic  rise  and  fall 
of  the  sea  surface. 
They  are  usually 
described  as  being 
either  diurnal  or  semi-diurnal.  Diurnal  tides  have  one 
high  water  and  one  low  water  in  each  lunar  day  (about 
24.8  hours),  while  semi-diurnal  tides  have  two  highs 
and  two  lows.  While  these  tidal  changes  are  easier  to 
observe  where  land  and  water  meet,  they  exist  every- 
where - even  in  the  middle  of  the  ocean!  Tidal  ranges 
along  the  shoreline  vary  by  location.  For  example,  the 
tides  in  Canada's  Bay  of  Fundy,  an  Atlantic  Ocean  inlet 
west  of  Nova  Scotia,  rise  and  fall  as  much  as  50  feet, 
while  the  tidal  range  in  Lake  Superior,  Mich.,  is 
measured  in  inches. 

Tidal  Currents 

The  rise  and  fall  of  the  tide  is  accompanied  by  the 
horizontal  flow  of  water  called  a tidal  current.  The 
usual  terms  used  to  describe  the  direction  of  this 
horizontal  movement  are  ebb  and  flood.  Ebb  cur- 
rents occur  when  tidal  currents  are  moving  away 
from  the  coast.  Flood  currents  move  toward  the 
coast.  In  a semi-diurnal  current,  the  flood  and  ebb 
each  last  about  six  hours. 

APRIL  1998 

A boat  is  left  high  and  dry 
during  low  tide. 


Waves  are  created  principally  by  wind  moving  over 
water.  Although  earthquakes  or  landslides  can  also 
initiate  wave  action.  Friction  between  a water  surface  and 
moving  air  piles  up  water  in  ridges  that  become  waves. 
Wave  height  depends  upon  wind  strength,  fetch  (distance 
wind  blows  over  water)  and  duration  (length  of  time  the 
wind  blows).  Small  wavelets  called  ripples  appear  when 
a breeze  of  less  than  2 knots  blows  across  a smooth  water 
surface.  Whitecaps  will  form  on  an  ocean  or  large  lake 
when  winds  reach  12  to  13  knots.  White  foam  from 
breaking  waves  begins  to  blow  in  streaks  along  the 
direction  of  the  wind  at  about  30  knots. 

Tsunami  waues 

"Tsunami"  is  Japanese  for  "storm-wave."  This  term  is 
used  internationally  to  describe  a series  of  ocean  waves 
created  by  sudden,  large  scale  submarine  disturbances 
such  as  earthquakes,  landslides  or  volcanic  eruptions. 

The  size  of  the  wave  depends  on  the  nature  and  intensity 
of  the  underwater  disturbance.  The  height  and  destruc- 
tiveness of  such  a wave  depends  on  the  distance  traveled 
from  the  epicenter,  the  topography  of  the  ocean  floor  and 
the  coastline. 

A submarine  earthquake,  April  1,  1946,  created  a 
tsunami  wave  so  large  it  encompassed  the  entire  Pacific 
Ocean  Basin.  Traveling  at  an  average 
speed  of  425  knots,  the  wave  reached 
the  Hawaiian  Islands  in  four  hours  and 
34  minutes,  with  the  tsunami  cresting 
50  feet  above  normal  water  level.  A 
section  of  coast  more  than  1,000  feet 
wide  was  flooded.  Some  of  the  waves 
reached  as  far  as  Australia  — 6,700 
miles  from  the  epicenter. 

The  Underwater  World 

We  have  always  known  our  oceans 
are  immense.  But,  the  introduction  of 
the  echo  sounder  in  the  early  20th 
century  allowed  us  to  understand  just 
how  immense.  The  echo  sounder  is  a 
device  that  calculates  water  depth  by 
measuring  the  time  between  the 
emission  of  a sound  signal  directed 
toward  the  ocean  floor  and  the  return 
echo.  During  the  last  90  or  so  years, 
marine  geologists  and  hydrographers 
have  gathered  sufficient  information 
from  echo-sounder  data  and  bottom 
samples  to  map  the  ocean  floor. 

Abyssal  Plains 

Abyssal  plains  are  found  at  the  base  of  continental 
slopes,  sometimes  at  depths  greater  than  9,000  feet. 
These  plains  have  near  freezing  water  temperatures 
and  no  sunlight.  The  Abyssal  plain  is  regarded  as  the 
true  ocean  floor.  The  few  marine  inhabitants  found 
in  the  region  survive  only  because  they  have  adapt- 
ed to  the  hostile  environment  of  complete  darkness, 
bitter  cold  and  immense  pressure.  Abyssal  plains  are 
among  the  smoothest  surfaces  on  the  planet,  with 
less  than  five  feet  of  vertical  variation  for  every  mile. 
These  level  plains  are  the  result  of  a constant  rain  of 
sediments  from  above. 

Continental  Slopes  and  Canyons 

Continental  slopes  rise  gradually  from  abyssal 
plains  but  can  climb  by  as  much  as  45  degrees  as  they 

approach  the  edge  of 
the  continental  shelf. 
In  some  areas,  these 
slopes  are  interrupt- 
ed by  broad  wedges 
of  sediment  deposits  called  continental  rises.  Slopes 
are  often  gouged  by  deep  valleys  or  canyons,  many 

with  the  same  proportions  as  the  Grand  Canyon.  While 
most  canyons  were  originally  formed  during  the  Ice  Age, 
some  are  the  result  of  earthquakes. 

Continental  Shelf 

Continental  shelves 
extend  from  the 
coastline  to  the  edge 
of  continental  slopes. 
Taken  together,  these 
shelves  account  for 
about  8 percent  of  the 
sea  floor  area  worldwide.  Continental  shelves  are  a 
national  asset  for  most  countries  because  they  provide  an 
excellent  area  for  fishing,  both  commercial  and  sport,  as 
well  as  being  a resource  for  oil  and  natural  gas.  Shelves 
are  not  of  uniform  width.  They  vary  considerably  in  size 
off  the  coasts  of  the  United  States  alone.  For  example,  the 
shelf  is  almost  negligible  along  Southern  California. 
Florida's  shelf  off  the  southeast  coast  is  also  small, 

especially  when  compared  to  the  one  extend- 
ing from  its  west  coast  more  than  200  miles 
into  the  Gulf  of  Mexico.  The  average 
width  worldwide  is  about  40  miles. 



Mid-Ocean  Ridges 

Several  mid-ocean  ridges  are  longer  than  the  longest 
mountain  ranges  on  Earth.  They  are  also  tall,  with  some 
rising  to  as  much  as  12,000  feet  above  the  ocean  floor.  Often 
their  peaks  penetrate  the  ocean's  surface  to  form  islands, 
such  as  Iceland  and  the  Azores  in  the  Atlantic  and  the 
Galapagos  Islands  in  the  Pacific.  Most  of  the  ridges  crest  at 
a depth  of  about  8,000  feet  and  their  widths  vary  from  500 
to  1,500  miles.  Unlike  typical  continental  mountain  ranges 
which  have  a singular  pronounced  line  of  peaks,  oceanic 
ridges  have  two,  separated  by  a prominent  depression 
known  as  a rift  valley.  The  valley  ranges  from  15  to 
30  miles  in  width  and  cradles  an  active  seismic  belt. 

This  topographic  image  shows  a view  ofca 
short  wavelength  part  of  the  mean  sea  surface  of 
the  Indian  Ocean.  For  more  information,  see  Page  21. 


Seamounts  are  isolated  mountains 
rising  from  3,000  to  10,000  feet 
above  the  surrounding  seabed. 
Shaped  like  a cone,  they  have  a 
characteristic  depression  similar  to 
a crater  at  the  summit.  Samplings 
gathered  from  more  than  50  sea- 
mounts around  the  world  have  led 
to  the  theory  that  they  are  of  volca- 
nic origin.  Seamounts  are  found  in 
all  oceans,  but  are  more  numerous 
in  the  Pacific  Ocean,  where  more 
than  2,000  have 
been  identified. 

They  are  espe- 
cially abundant 
in  the  Gulf  of 


Trenches  are  found  adjacent  and  parallel 
to  continents  and  island  chains.  At  least  22  trenches 
have  been  identified  although  not  all  are  classified  as  major.  Of 
this  number,  18  are  in  the  Pacific,  three  are  in  the  Atlantic,  and  one 
(the  Java  Trench)  is  in  the  Indian  Ocean.  Depths  of  major 
trenches  exceed  18,000  feet,  and  vary  from  10  to  22  miles  in 
width.  The  deepest  of  these  is  the  Challenger  Deep  (35,810 
feet)  in  the  Marianas  Trench.  The  depths  of  many  trenches 
are  greater  than  the  elevation  of  the  world's  highest 
mountain.  If  Mount  Everest  (29,028  feet)  were  dropped 
into  the  Challenger  Deep,  its  peak  would  still  be  almost 
three  miles  below  the  surface  of  the  ocean.  Trenches  are 
not  uniform  in  depth  or  width.  The  Peru-Chile  Trench  off 
the  west  coast  of  South  America  is  nearly  1,100  miles  long 
whereas  the  Japan  Trench  measures  only  150  miles. 

APRIL  1998 



Story  and  photos  by  Steven  Haddock 

Bioluminescence  is  defined  simply  as  the  process 
wherein  light  is  produced  by  a chemical  reaction 
which  originates  in  an  organism.  It  can  be 
found  at  anytime  of  the  day, 

— 7^”^  in  any  region  of  the  world  or 

jy  y //\  depth  of  the  sea.  The  most 
' observable  occurrence  to 

r\  Sailors  is  the  often  brilliantly 

t / ■ , J&LA  luminescent  bow  wave  or 

/ t wake  of  a surface  ship.  In 

these  instances,  the  organisms 
; /if  are  almost  always  dinoflagel- 

' ip  /j  J lates,  single-cell  algae,  num- 

f / / bering  many  hundreds  per 

y / / liter.  When  they  are  excited 

y y/  they  produce  light.  Light  pro- 

/ . /)/  duction  can  be  caused  by  a ship's 

/ / V passage  or  even  by  the  movement  of 
^ / porpoises  or  smaller  fish. 

Bioluminescence  is  primarily  a 
marine  phenomenon.  It  is  the  only  source  of 
o light  in  the  deep  ocean.  In  contrast,  biolumines- 
cence is  essentially  absent  in  fresh  water.  On  land 
it  is  principally  confined  to  members  of  a few 
families  of  insects,  fireflies  for  example. 

Marine  bioluminescence  is 
produced  by  an  incredible 
range  of  bacteria  and 

single-celled  organisms  ' 4M*‘  w 

to  fish  and  squid.  • 

Some  especially 
interesting  exam- 


pies  are  a type  of  * -m 
squid  that  chang- 
es the  color  of  its  V 

luminescence  to 

match  moon-  .Mr 

light  and  sunlight,  a fish  with  its  own  "night- 
vision"  light  and  crustaceans  that  send  out 
coded  messages  to  their 
own  species  when  its  time  to  mate. 

Bioluminescent  bacteria  occur 
nearly  everywhere,  and 
probably  most  spectacularly 
as  the  rare  "milky  sea" 

j • 

phenomenon.  Reports  of  ,-  « i 
this  phenomenon  are  , 

abundant,  particularly  in 
the  Indian  Ocean  where 
mariners  report  steam-  ^ % 

ing  for  hours  through  a 4^  -4- 

sea  of  glowing,  soft,  1 \ 

white  light  as  far  as  the  V 

eye  can  see. 


Myths  and  Fact 

Myth:  Bioluminescence  is  mostly  caused  by  bacteria. 

Fact:  Bacteria  can  be  luminous,  and  some  organisms 
like  fish  and  squid  DO  have  bacteria  in  their  light 
organs.  The  majority  of  marine  life  able  to  produce 
light  do  so  with  chemicals  they  have  stored  in  their 

Myth:  Bioluminescence  is  the  same  as  fluores- 
cence, phosphorescence  or  chemiluminescence. 

Fact:  All  these  terms  apply  to  the  production  of 
light  from  chemicals,  but  bioluminescence  is 
only  similar  to  chemiluminescence. 

In  fluorescence,  the  energy  from 
an  external  source  of  light  (protons) 
v is  absorbed  and  almost  immediately 
re-emitted.  This  is  how  laundry 
detergents  can  get  things  "whiter 
t than  white,"  by  absorbing  non- 

visible  ultraviolet  light  and  fluo- 
rescing in  the  visible  spectrum. 

Phosphorescence  is  similar  to 
fluorescence  except  that  the  excited 
* product  is  more  stable,  so  the  time 
^ until  the  energy  is  released  is  longer, 

#-  resulting  in  a glow  after  the  light-source 

has  been  removed.  This  is  the  basis  behind 
glow-in-the-dark  stickers. 

Chemiluminescence  is  a general  term  for 
production  of  light  from  a chemical  reaction 
(as  opposed  to  the  absorption  of  photons,  as 
in  fluorescence  and  phosphorescence). 

Bioluminescence  is  subset  of  chemilumines- 
cence, where  the  light-producing  chemical 
reaction  occurs  inside  an  organism. 

Interesting  Facts  about 

During  World  War  I,  German  U-boat  com- 
manders were  aware  that  the  luminous 
trails  created  by  a submarine's  propeller 
could  reveal  its  position  and  seal  its 
fate.  In  fact,  in  November  1918, 
the  last  German  U-boat  sunk  in 
the  Great  War  was  detected 
because  of  bioluminesence. 

There  is  also  documentation 
that  carrier-based  World  War  II 
aviators  could  easily  locate 
their  carrier  after  a mission 
by  following  the  luminescent 
wake,  sometimes  for  miles. 



Haddock  is  a graduate 
student  researcher  at  the 
University  of  California  - 
Santa  Barbara. 

1 1 


APRIL  1998 


•w  m 

El  Nino’s  large-scale  changes  of  atmo- 
spheric and  oceanographic  conditions  are 
now  believed  to  influence  a variety  of 
global  weather  events  including  torrential 
rainfall,  devastating  droughts  and  searing 
heat  waves.  During  an  El  Nino,  west- 
ward-blowing trade  winds  subside  and 
warmer  water  slowly  moves  eastward 
along  the  Equator,  interrupting  normal 
cold-water  upwelling  as  seen  in  the 
above  map.  Cooler  water  appears  blue, 
while  warmer  water  looks  red. 

One  of  the 
hardest  hit 
areas  on  board 
Naval  Station 
Marianas.  Guam, 
was  the  senior  officer 
housing  area.  Causing 
more  than  S200  million  in 
damage  and  displacing- 
more  than  2,500  people.  Super 
Typhoon  Paka  had  sustained 
winds  of  175  mph  with  one  wind  gust 
recorded  as  the  strongest  ever 
recorded  on  Earth  at  236  mph. 



L.  Willis  Naval  Meteorology 
Command  Public  Affairs 

Its  name  means  "The  Child,"  in  Spanish,  but  this  winter  the  disrup- 
tion of  the  ocean-atmosphere  system  in  the  tropical  Pacific  known 
as  El  Nino /Southern  Oscillation  (ENSO)  promises  to  deliver  an 
adult-sized  wallop. 

Naval  meteorologists  and  oceanographers  say  this  could  be  the 
biggest  ENSO  of  this  century  — even  bigger  than  the  1982  to  1983  event 

which  reportedly  cost  more  than 
$10  billion  in  damages  world- 

Every  two  to  seven  years,  the 
trade  winds  in  the  tropical  Pacific 
weaken.  Why  this  happens  is  a 
subject  of  conjecture  and  scientif- 
ic inquiry;  but,  it  is  known  that 
when  the  winds  relax,  a response 
is  triggered  in  the  ocean  which 
originates  somewhere  between 
the  Western  Pacific  and  the  coast 
of  South  America.  This  response, 
known  as  an  equatorially  trapped 
Kelvin  wave,  produces  the  sea- 
level  rise,  thermocline  deepening 
and  sea  surface  temperature  (SST) 

APRIL  1998 


A disruption  in  the  normal  flow  of  life  in  the  Pacific... 

Subtle  changes  in  the  interplay  of  wind  and  water  in  the  tropical  impacts  of  the  1 982  to  1 983  El  Nino  event,  the  strongest  thus  far 

Pacific  can  affect  local  ecosystems  and  human  lives  in  far  flung  this  century,  are  indicated  by  symbols  on  this  global  map. 

regions  of  the  globe.  Some  of  the  documented  environmental 

warming  associated  with  El  Nino.  The  resulting 
abnormally  warm  SSTs  in  the  central  and  eastern 
Pacific  Ocean  breed  thunderstorms  and  affect 
global  atmospheric  circulation  patterns  and  storm 

El  Nino  can  turn  global  weather  topsy-turvy  and 
produce  unusual  patterns  of  hurricanes,  storms, 
heavy  rains,  floods,  landslides,  droughts  and  fire 
storms.  The  climatic  effects  last  as  long  as  two 
years  and  can  influence  areas  far  removed  from  the 
Pacific  Ocean. 

The  National  Oceanic  and  Atmospheric  Admin- 
istration's models  of  the  ocean  and  atmosphere 
have  been  predicting  an  ENSO  since  late  1996.  The 
system's  gargantuan  intensity  and  strength  only 
became  apparent  in  infrared  satellite  imagery 
gathered  last  summer. 

"We  knew  when  the  trade  winds  reversed  for 
about  10  days  in  June  that  we  were  going  to  have 
an  unusually  strong  El  Nino,"  said  Michael  Clancy, 
deputy  department  head  of  the  data  and  models 

department  at  the  Fleet  Numerical  Meteorology  and 
Oceanography  Center  (FNMOC)  in  Monterey,  Calif. 
"Currently  our  products  are  showing  sea  surface 
temperature  anomalies  off  the  coast  of  Peru  that  are 
5 to  6 degrees  centigrade  above  normal.  These  are 
some  of  the  warmest  SST  anomalies  recorded  for 
these  locations  in  50  years,"  he  said. 

People  worldwide  have  been  tracking  El  Nino  via 
FNMOC's  Optimum  Thermal  Interpolation  System 
(OTIS)  products  on  the  World  Wide  Web  at 

ENSO-related  climate  changes  are  expected  to 
peak  early  next  year,  but  associated  weather  oddi- 
ties are  already  making  headlines:  Hurricane  Nora 
pelted  arid  Yuma,  Ariz.,  in  late  September  1997, 
while  Hurricane  Pauline  slammed  Acapulco,  Mexico, 
in  October  1997.  Marlin,  the  trophy  fish  prized  by 
sport  fishermen  in  tropical  Baja,  Calif.,  are  turning 
up  in  the  normally  cool  Pacific  Northwest.  In  Peru, 
El  Nino  caused  heavy  snowfalls  in  mountain  passes 
that  left  hundreds  of  vehicles  stranded  and  10 



Source:  NOAA 

people  dead  from  exposure. 

Forecasters  at  the  Naval  Pacific  Meteorology  and 
Oceanography  Center  (NPMOC)  in  Pearl  Harbor,  are 
braced  for  a potentially  severe  tropical  storm  sea- 

"Our  fleet  customers  have 
requested  ENSO  briefings 
about  twice  a week  over  the 
last  three  months,"  said 
LCDR  Stan  Akahoshi,  fleet 
services  officer  for  NPMOC. 

"While  the  frequency  of 
hurricanes  in  the  eastern 
Pacific  is  about  in  line  with 
historical  averages,  their 
overall  intensities  are  quali- 
tatively higher.  The  recent 
Hurricane  Linda  was  the 
most  intense  hurricane  ever 
recorded  in  the  eastern  Pacific  and,  at  one  point, 
was  forecast  to  move  right  over  southern  California. 
Luckily,  for  the  fleet  in  San  Diego,  Linda  went  west. 
This  ENSO  has  not  yet  brought  a hurricane  to 
Hawaii,  but  two  of  Hawaii's  strongest  hurricanes, 
Iwa  in  1982  and  Iniki  in  1992,  took  place  during 
ENSO  episodes.  And  Iwa  waited  until  November." 

If  the  current  ENSO  runs  true  to  model  predic- 

Like partners  engaged  in  an  ongoing  dialogue,  the  tropical 
Pacific  Ocean  and  the  overlying  atmosphere  influence  and  react 
to  one  another.  Changes  in  the  strength  of  the  easterly  surface 
winds  along  the  equator  induce  ocean  currents  and  upwelling, 

tions,  California  and  the  entire  southern  United 
States  will  be  in  for  a wet  winter  for  1998,  while  the 
north  should  enjoy  mild  climates.  Hawaii  may  be 
looking  at  a severe  winter  drought  similar  to  the  one 

it  experienced  during  the 
1982  - 1983  ENSO.  Some 
weather  experts  caution 
against  predicting  this  El 
Nino's  effects  based  on  past 

"We're  coming  off  a year 
that  had  some  really  wild 
global  weather  patterns," 
said  Bill  Burnett,  director  of 
atmospheric  programs  for 
the  Naval  Meteorology  and 
Oceanography  Command. 
"Now  we're  looking  at  a 
very  strong  El  Nino.  We 
know  that  El  Nino  disrupts 
climate,  but  we  don't  know  yet  what  effect  it  will 
have  on  these  unusual  weather  patterns.  No  two 
ENSOs  are  exactly  the  same,  and  you  can't  blame  all 
strange  weather  on  El  Nino.  We'll  just  have  to  wait 
and  see  what  happens." 

Willis  is  the  deputy  public  affairs  officer  for  CNMOC. 

which  cause  changes  in  sea-surface  temperature,  thus  altering 
the  distribution  of  rainfall,  and  the  strength  of  the  easterlies  and 
so  on.  ... 

Ocean  Fact 

Attemps  to  trace  historic  occurrences  of  El 
Nino  events  have  suggested  that  a prolonged 
in  El  Ninos  caused  the  American  Dust  Bowl  of 
the  1930s;  that  El  Nino  rains  impeded  the 
Lewis  and  Clark  expedition  in  1806;  and  that 
harsh  European  winters  of  the  1940s  kept 
Hitler’s  armies  from  overrunning  Russia. 

APRIL  1998 


Source:  NOAA 

, „ I 


How  many  can  you  name  ? 


r#:.4  ww- 


i ' *1- 

• ,;.  V \v 


Blue  Whale 

By  monitoring  the  Integrated  Undersea  Surveillance 
System  (IUSS),  a network  of  underwater  microphones 
designed  by  the  Navy  to  detect  and  track  submarines, 
scientists  at  the  Naval  Research  laboratory,  Washington, 
D.C. , have  detected  and  recorded  more  whale  sounds  in 
the  past  five  years  than  ever  before  in  history! 

IUSS  has,  in  effect,  opened  the  floodgates  for  whale 
research.  Not  only  do  scientists  now  have  the  ability  to 
explore  the  entire  ocean,  but  this  technology  is  so  ad- 
vanced that  it  actually  allows  them  to  distinguish  be- 
tween different  species  of  whales.  In  fact,  scientists  can 
pinpoint  a particular  species  of  whale  at  a given  location 

at  a specific  time  — even  particular  whales  within  a 
given  species.  A few  years  ago,  one  particular  blue  whale 
was  tracked  for  48  straight  days  as  he  traveled  1,450 
miles  across  the  Atlantic. 

Scientists  at  the  Naval  Research  Laboratory  use  what 
are  called  spectragrams  to  differentiate  between  different 
sounds  in  the  ocean.  Once  IUSS  has  detected  a particular 
sound,  it  will  create  a "visual  representation  of  that 
sound,"  or  a spectragram.  Every  object,  animal  or  organ- 
ism that  makes  a sound  in  the  ocean  has  a different 
spectragram.  Though  this  technology  was  designed  and 
engineered  to  detect  the  activity  of  enemy  submarines 
during  the  cold  war,  researchers  have  discovered  that 
detecting  whales  is  much  easier  — submarines  try  very 
hard  to  be  quiet,  while  whales  love  to  make  a lot  of  noise. 

Fin  Whale 

Minke  Whale 

Exploring  the  Ocean 
Basins  with  Satellite 
Altimeter  Data 

In  an  age  when  we  are  mapping  the  surfaces  of  Venus 
and  Mars,  it  is  difficult  to  believe  that  so  much  of  the 
ocean  floor  remains  uncharted.  Why?  Well,  the  main 
reason  is  because  it  is  covered  by  2 to  3 miles  of  seawater! 
Electromagnetic  waves  cannot  penetrate  the  deep  ocean, 
therefore  we  cannot  "take  pictures"  of  the  sea  floor. 
Instead,  common  mapping  practice  has  been  to  deter- 
mine depth  by  timing  the  two-way  travel  of  an  acoustic 
pulse.  But,  because  research  vessels  travel  quite  slowly, 
about  12  knots  maximum,  it  would  take  approximately 
125  years  to  chart  the  ocean  basins  using  this  technique! 
That  may  explain  why  only  a small  fraction  of  the  sea 
floor  has  been  charted  by  ships. 

But,  that  all  may  be  changing  because  of  a new  radar 
altimeter  installed  aboard  the  Seasat  spacecraft  launched 
by  NASA.  Recently,  high  density  data  collected  by  the 
U.S.  Navy's  Geosat  satellite  has  been  able  to  show  the 
ocean-floor  in  unprecedented  detail. 

The  Geosat  altimeter  orbits  the  earth  14.3  times  per  day 
resulting  in  an  ocean  track  speed  of  about  four  miles  per 
second.  As  the  spacecraft  orbits  the  earth  it  collects  a 
continuous  profile  of  height  across  an  ocean  basin. 
Profiles  from  many  satellites,  collected  over  many  years, 
are  combined  to  make  high  resolution  images. 

Visual  representations  of  sound  recorded 
beneath  the  ocean,  called  spectragrams, 
are  studied  by  ocean  researchers  tracking 
whale  movements  all  over  the  world.  The 
sound  noted  on  this  spectragram  was  made 
by  a humpback  whale. 

Haakon  /VYosby  7Wud  Volcano 

There  may  be  "nothing  new 
under  the  sun,"  but  in  the 
sunless  depths  of  the  ocean 
floor,  there  is  always  something 
waiting  to  be  discovered  — the 
Haakon  Mosby  mud  volcano 
for  example!  The  volcano  was 
first  imaged  by  a Naval  Re- 
search Laboratory  (NRL)  sidescan  sonar  in  1989.  It  was 
later  revealed  to  be  a hydrate-covered,  methane-spew- 
ing sediment  volcano  after  an  NRL-led,  joint  U.S.  and 
Norwegian  expedition  in  1995. 

Located  in  the  North  Atlantic,  in  water  depths  of  more 
than  1 and  a half  miles,  the  Haakon  Mosby  mud  volca- 
no is  an  unparalleled  natural  laboratory  in  which  to 
investigate  the  processes  involved  in  the  formation  of 
methane  in  the  marine  environment. 

Why's  methane  so  important?  Methane  is  a clean- 
burning fuel  and  a potent  greenhouse  gas.  Methane 
pockets  are  highly  explosive  in  our  oxidizing  atmosphere, 
as  coal  mine  disasters  remind  us.  However,  in  the  deep 
ocean,  where  methane  is  more  stable  because  of  the 
decreased  temperature  and  increased  pressure,  methane 
could  someday  become  a major  fossil  fuel  source.  As  a 
result  of  organic  matter  burial  under  the  vast  submerged 
continental  margins,  enough  methane  has  been  generated 
to  form  an  immense  carbon  reservoir. 

While  exploring  the  Haakon  Mosby  mud  volcano  NRL 
researchers  discovered  several  "new"  species  of  marine 
life.  In  addition  to  "vermicelli-spaghetti-like"  tube- 
worms,  scientists  found  more  than  20  new  species  of 
meiofauna  (sand-grain-sized  animals  from  various 
families)  and  a bottom-fish  density  more  than  one 
hundred  times  that  found  on  the  normal  seafloor.  These 
organisms  did  not  have  photosynthesis  as  the  base  of 

their  food  chain,  but  used  a methane-based  chemosyn- 
thesis.  The  fish,  dominated  by  a species  of  eelpout 

measuring  the  length  of  a pen,  congregate  around  the 
mud  volcano  much  like  seagulls  do  at  the  local  dump. 

Humpback  Whale 

Sfscprng  Parrot  fisb 

The  sleeping  parrot  fish  is  one 
of  about  80  species  of  parrot  fish 
found  on  tropical  reefs.  These  fish 
have  bright  colors,  large  scales  and  a 
characteristic  bird-like  beak.  The  beak  is 
used  to  scrape  algae  from  coral  reefs  and  is  strong 
enough  to  leave  noticeable  scars  in  the  coral.  The  fish 
grind  their  food  and  bits  of  coral  with  plate-like  teeth 
in  their  throats.  Parrot  fish  usually  grow  to  be  about  a 
foot  long,  but  they  can  get  as  large  as  four  feet  and  weigh 
up  to  45  pounds.  At  night,  they  spin  a mucus  cocoon  in 
which  they  sleep  protected  from  predators. 

Dragon  D?ora<j  tel 

Of  all  the  creatures  dwelling 
near  the  coral  reef,  the  dragon 
moray  eel  is  one  of  the  most 
ominous.  Because  they  breathe 
through  their  mouths,  they  often 
present  an  apparent  menacing 
pose  which  is  mistaken  as  a 
threat  display.  Eel  bites  are 
normally  caused  when  careless 
divers  attempt  to  feed  or  touch 
the  eel. 

Tubdstrtd  Coref 

There  are  approximately  4,500  species  of  crabs  around  the  world. 
This  particular  crab  is  called  the  7-11  crab  because  of  its  unusual 


Hawaiian  folk  lore  says  that  the 

seven  spots  are  from  the  blood  of 

a Hawaiian  god  who 

lu£|  : ' 

was  bitten  by 

the  crab. 

A night  feeder,  this  coral  remains  in  its  polyp 
during  the  day.  About  two  inches  in  length,  it  is 
found  under  ledges,  inside  wrecks  and  caves 
and  other  places  out  of  sunlight. 

Pfiotos  bi/  CAPT  Wf  LaDouc* 




Hunting  by  night, 
these  snails  are 
carnivores  and 
sometimes  cannibal- 
istic. This  baby  snail 
is  just  starting  out. 
Adults  can  reach  up 
to  a foot  in  length. 

Hawaiian  green  sea  turtles  grow 
slowly,  taking  from  10  to  50  years  to 
reach  sexual  maturity.  This  species  also  ranks 
among  the  largest  on  Earth.  Small  turtles  can  be 
up  to  28  inches  long  and  weigh  nearly  100  pounds 
- the  largest  can  weigh  as  much  as  400  pounds. 

Sea  turtles  swim  by  beating  their  flippers  the 
same  way  a bird  flaps  its  wings.  Sea  turtles 
cannot  withdraw  into  their  shell  so  they  depend 
on  their  size  and  swimming  speed  for  defense. 
They  are  a protected  species. 

Purple  flat  Utom 

Purple  flat  worms  are  usually  found  during  the 
day  crawling  over  limestone  or  volcanic  rocks. 

Pacrfrc  DouMo  Srctecf 
Buttsrffq  f rsb 

This  fish  is  one  of  the  many 
brilliantly  colored  species  that 
live  in  warm,  shallow  waters 
and  in  areas  with  rich  healthy 
corals.  These  fish  grow  to  be 
about  six  inches. 

Ssa  Squirts 

The  sea  squirt  is 
a jelly-like  animal 
that  closely  resem- 
bles a potato.  These 
animals  live  on  the 
bottom  of  the  ocean 
and  have  a habit  of 
squirting  out  water 
through  one  of  two 
body  openings.  A sea  squirt  receives  its  food  from  water 
which  it  draws  into  the  digestive  tract  through  one  of  its 
openings,  and  it  squirts  out  the  water  from  the  other 
opening.  Sea  squirts  are  commonly  found  fixed  to  pier 
pilings,  ships'  hulls,  rocks,  large  seashells  and  the  backs 
of  large  crabs. 

Haruarran  fcrsen  S*a  Turtte 


Scorpion  fish  or  Lionfish 

This  carnivore  lives  in  coral  and  rocky  reefs  and  grows  to  be  more  than  a foot 
long.  Its  fins  may  be  beautiful,  but  they  are  also  very  deadly.  The  lionfish  will 
use  these  sharp-as-needles,  poisonous  spines  to  attack  other  fish.  It  will  also 
use  them  as  a defense  against  divers  who  swim  too  close. 

Horrort  Crab 

Unlike  other  crabs,  the  hermit  has  soft, 
4 unprotected  body  parts.  The  hermit 
LiKj  crab  relies  on  the  misfortune  of  snails 
mm  and  other  mollusks  for  its  home, 

W twisting  its  body  into  the  spiral  of  an 
empty  shell.  As  the  crab  grows,  it  exchanges 
the  shell  for  a larger  one. 

Safroon  Cbrrstmas  Tro*  Worn 

These  spiral  worms  live  in  tubes  within 
the  coral.  While  extended,  the  filaments 
filter  food  down  the  spiral  shaft  to  the 
worm's  mouth. 

Ssa  Hors*  * 

The  sea  horse  is  a small, 
odd-shaped  fish  that  lives  in 
temperate  and  tropical  waters. 
It  has  a long  snout  and  promi- 
nent eyes.  Its  body  is  about  5 
inches  long  and  is  covered 
with  spiny,  armor-like  plates 
that  protect  it.  The  sea  horse 
uses  its  tail  to  cling  to  rooted 
plants  or  growths  of  floating 
sea  vegetation.  Sea  horses  can 
live  for  as  long  as  six  years. 

Spanish  Dancer 

One  of  the  world's  largest  nudibranches,  this  species 
can  grow  to  be  more  than  a foot  in  length.  When 
swimming,  the  white  edge  of  its  skirt  resembles 

a flamenco  dancer  - thus  its  name. 

f recfcled  Lip  Blonng 

Blennies  are  small  (two  inches)  fish 
found  in  shallow  water.  Never 
venturing  far  from  its  hole,  it  will 
dart,  tail  first,  into  the  hole  when 

Bfac  Storfrsb 

Most  starfish,  or  sea  stars,  have  five  arms,  although, 
some  species  have  as  many  as  50.  Starfish  live  in  all  of 
the  world's  oceans,  but  they  are  not  fish.  They  are  in  the 
same  family  as  the  sea  cucumber,  sea  lily  and  sea  urchin. 
Many  starfish  feed  on  shelled  animals  such  as  mussels, 
clams  and  oysters.  The  animal  uses  the  suction  disk  at 
the  end  of  each  foot  for  crawling  and  sees  with  a small 
colored  eyespot  located  at  the  tip  of  each  arm.  Most 
starfish  live  for  three  to  five  years. 

Hawaiian  Right  Octopus 

The  Hawaiian  night  octopus  is  a member  of  the  octopus  family,  which  is  a large  group  of  widely  distributed, 
shallow-water  mollusks.  Octopods  vary  in  size  from  2 inches  to  18  feet  and  may  have  an  armspan  of  more  than 
30  feet.  They  crawl  on  the  bottom  of  the  ocean,  or  when  alarmed,  shoot  swiftly  backward  by  means  of  a jet 
of  water.  When  threatened,  they  eject  an 
inky  substance,  which  is  used  as  a screen. 

Octopods  feed  mainly  upon  crabs  and 
lobsters,  although  some  are  plankton 
feeders.  The  body  and  legs  of  a Hawaiian 
night  octopus  are  much  slimmer  than 
its  relatives. 

APRIL  1998 



ufb  ■ 

A n - 


v • •'  ' p 



A small  nuclear  submarine  and  its  crew 
journey  to  the  bottom  of  the  sea  in  search  of  answers 

Story  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen 

Most  Sailors  probably  have  never  seen  or 
heard  of  NR  1.  But,  the  Navy's  smallest 
nuclear-powered  submarine  has  been 
operating  since  1969. 

NR  1 is  146-feet  long,  12-feet  wide  and  displaces 
365  tons.  Its  mission  is  to  search  the  ocean  floor  in 
support  of  geographical  and  oceanographic  re- 
search and  install  and  maintain  underwater  equip- 
ment. The  sub  and  its  support  ship,  SSV  Carolyn 
Chouest  are  both  homeported  in  New  London, 

During  their  most-recent  deployment,  NR  l's  11- 
person  crew  provided  vital  support  to  Dr.  Robert 
Ballard  of  Wood's  Hole  Oceanographic  Institute 
and  the  National  Geographic  Society  in  excavating 
three  Roman-era  shipwrecks  in  the  Straits  of 
Sicily.  They  also  conducted  a two-week  search  for 
the  still-missing  Israeli  naval  submarine,  INS 

NR  1 is  a unique  nuclear  submarine.  With  a top 
speed  of  4 knots,  NR  1 can't  cover  great  distances 
quickly.  In  fact,  its  support  ship,  Carolyn  Chouest, 
tows  the  submarine  to  each  research  site.  The 

submarine  can  then  submerge  to  depths  of  3,000 
feet  and  use  its  highly-sensitive  sonar  system  to 
detect  and  identify  objects  as  far  as  a mile  away. 

The  submarine  is  equipped  with  a hydraulically 
powered  manipulator  arm  which  can  be  used  to  lift 
up  to  1,000-pound  objects  from  the  ocean  floor. 

NR  1 also  has  two  retractable  rubber-tired  bottom- 
ing wheels  that  allow  it  to  drive  along  the  ocean 

NR  1 is  powered  by  a nuclear-powered,  steam- 
driven  turbo-generator  with  electric-drive.  "The 
[sub]  has  an  unlimited  life  span  and  can  operate 
until  2013  before  it  needs  to  be  refueled,"  said 
RADM  Joseph  Krol,  director.  Deep  Submergence 

NR  l's  ability  to  research  the  ocean  floor  is  possi- 
ble because  of  its  ability  to  see  and  record  the  deep 
sea  environment.  The  sub  was  designed  with  three  4- 
inch  viewports  positioned  on  its  bottom,  19  250-watt 
gas  discharge  lights,  eight  1000-watt  and  two  500-watt 
incandescent  lights  and  16  low-light  TV  cameras. 

Allen  is  a staff  writer  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

APRIL  1998 



For  nine  years  the  Jason  Project  has  given  children  the  opportunity  to 
journey  to  some  amazing  places  without  even  leaving  home. 

Dr.  Robert  Ballard  founded  the  Jason  Project  to  give  students  all  over  the  world  a 
chance  to  join  him  on  his  undersea  explorations. 

Students  in  classrooms 
around  the  world  are 
talking  about  it.  Maybe 
you've  even  seen  it  on  a trip  to 
the  aquarium.  Or  maybe  it's  still  a 
mystery  to  you.  And  what  is  this 
wonder  of  the  world,  you  ask? 
KELP  is  the  buzzword  around 
town  these  days,  and  it's  coming 
to  a computer  screen  near  you  via 
"kelp  cam,"  a live  view  of 
Monterey  Bay  Aquarium's  kelp 
forest  exhibit.  This  virtual  field 
trip  to  the  bottom  of  the  sea  is 
just  one  aspect  of  Jason  Project  IX, 
Oceans  of  Earth  and  Beyond. 

The  Jason  Project  is  celebrating 
the  International  Year  of  the 
Ocean  with  an  entertaining  and 
educational  excursion  to  the 
waters  of  Monterey  Bay,  Calif.; 
Bermuda;  and  the  Guaymas  Basin, 
where  scientists,  students  and 
teachers  will  explore  ocean 
environments  and  the  life  they 
maintain  (including,  of  course, 

In  its  ninth  year  of  existence, 
Jason  Project  was  founded  by  Dr. 
Robert  Ballard  after  he  discovered 
the  wreckage  of  the  RMS  Titanic 
in  the  North  Atlantic.  Thousands 
of  children  sent  him  letters  ex- 
pressing their  desire  to  join  him 
on  his  next  adventure,  and  Bal- 
lard obliged  by  creating  Jason,  an 
interactive,  long-distance  and 
hands-on  learning  program 
designed  to  get  students  excited 
about  the  sciences.  So  far,  the 
project  has  been  incredibly  suc- 

This  year's  project  featured 
innovations  utilized  in  past 
projects  as  well  as  several  new 
technological  feats.  Students 
located  at  PINS  (Primary  Interac- 
tive Network  Sites)  around  the 
globe  watched  live,  via  satellite 
and  the  internet,  as  Ballard  and 
his  team  of  scientists  and  student 
and  teacher  "Argonauts"  probed 
the  mysteries  of  the  deep  at 
Monterey  Bay.  Conducting  experi- 
ments and  maintaining  a lookout 
for  organisms  rarely  observed, 
Ballard  and  his  Argonauts  broad- 
cast each  facet  of  the  expedition 
during  a two-week  period  in 
March  from  the  Monterey  Bay 


The  Argonauts  worked  from 
the  ship  McArthur,  a member  of 
the  fleet  of  the  National  Oceanic 
and  Atmospheric  Administration 

During  Jason  Project  VII,  Bal- 
lard and  his  team  were  given  the 
opportunity  to  travel  with  U.S. 
Navy  nuclear-powered  research 
submarine  NR-1  as  it  mapped 
previously-unexplored  areas  of 
Florida  Coastal  waters.  "What  I 
enjoyed  most  was  the  honor  of 
going  down  in  the  NR-1  subma- 
rine. At  the  300-foot  depth,  the 
ocean  bottom  is  like  the  surface  of 
the  moon,"  raved  one  Jason  VII 



> A teacher  Argonaut  prepares  for  a live 
broadcast  during  Jason  Project  VII  in  the 
Florida  Keys.  During  this  two  week 
expedition,  Dr.  Robert  Ballard  and  his 
team  of  scientists,  students  and  teachers 
made  20  live  broadcasts  to  students 
located  at  Primary  Interactive  Network 
Sites  (PINS)  around  the  country  and 
around  the  world.  Twenty-seven  PINS  are 
located  throughout  the  United  States,  with 
one  each  in  the  United  Kingdom,  Mexico 
and  Bermuda. 

student  Argonaut. 

During  the  summer  of  1997  in 
an  independent  project,  Ballard 
used  the  NR-1  again  in  the  Medi- 
terranean Sea  to  find  Roman 
shipwrecks  dating  back  to  the 
fourth  century  A.D. 

Members  of  the  Jason  IX  expe- 
dition searched  for  treasures  of  a 
different  kind.  Studying  shallow, 
mid-water  and  deep  ocean  envi- 
ronments, the  Argonauts  took  a 
mystical  journey  to  Monterey  Bay, 
where  they  studied  coral  reefs, 
hydrothermal  vents,  cold  seeps, 
marine  snow,  exotic  deep  sea 
creatures  and  the  ever-popular 
kelp  forests. 

Fifteen-year-old  Jeffrey  Stey- 
nor,  a Jason  IX  Argonaut  from 
Bermuda,  said  that  Jason  gave  him 
"the  experience  of  a lifetime"  and 
has  spurred  him  to  pursue  a 
career  in  the  sciences. 

Throughout  the  live  broadcasts, 
students  at  the  PINS  and  on  the 
internet,  who  prepared  all  year 
for  the  expedition  using  a special- 


ized  curriculum  developed  by  the 
Jason  Foundation  for  Education, 
were  able  to  take  part  in  the  pro- 
ject on  a highly-interactive  level. 

Not  only  were  they  be  able  to 
discuss  the  project  with  Ballard's 
team,  but  they  also  had  the  op- 
portunity to  operate  live-feed 
video  cameras  and  control  re- 
mote-operated  vehicles  on  the 
ocean  floor.  This  "you-are-there" 
technology,  called  "telepresence," 
represents  a revolution  in  dis- 
tance learning. 

For  the  first  time,  the  Jason 
Project  featured  ocean-to-ocean 
communication,  which  linked  the 
Monterey  Bay  project  site  with  its 
sister  site  in  Bermuda.  Scientists 
working  from  the  two  locations 
were  able  to  examine  simulta- 
neously the  Pacific  and  Atlantic 
waters  to  compare  their  findings 
and  to  communicate  with  stu- 
dents viewing  the  broadcasts. 

Some  of  the  experiments 
students  conducted  onsite  includ- 
ed researching  the  effects  on 
water  quality  of  sedimentation 
caused  by  El  Nino,  finding  differ- 
ences between  kelp  collected  from 
the  aquarium  and  kelp  found  in 
Monterey  Bay  and  comparing 
"domestic"  sea  urchins  to  those 
who  thrive  in  the  Bay. 

Jason  IX  also  brought  new 

meaning  to  the  phrase  "surfing 
the  web."  The  internet  played  a 
major  role  in  this  year's  project. 
In  addition  to  the  famed  "kelp 
cam,"  interest  in  the  sciences  and 
technology  has  been  burgeoned 
by  Jason's  website,  Ballard 
applauds  the  site  as  a critical 
learning  tool  that  has  brought 
information  on  the  project  to 
more  individuals  than  previously 
thought  possible. 

Students  working  with  the 
Jason  curriculum  have  fully 
experienced  the  interdisciplinary 
nature  of  the  project.  They 
started  out  their  adventure  by 
reading  Jules  Verne's  20,000 
Leagues  Under  the  Sea  . They 
then  were  encouraged  to  discuss 
the  novel  online  with  other 
students  involved  in  the  project. 

Students  also  followed  the 
ongoing  work  of  NASA  research- 
ers with  the  NASA  Stardust 
mission  in  preparation  for  the 
expedition  in  March. 

Next  year  Jason  will  travel  to 
the  rain  forests  of  Peru  for  its  th 
anniversary  expedition,  where 
Ballard  and  his  Argonauts  will 
once  again  brave  the  wilds  in 
order  to  render  science  and  tech- 
nology exciting  for  students  all 
over  the  world. 

APRIL  1998 


U.S.  Navy  photo 

Oceanographic  ships  help  others  avoid  the  storms 

Story  by  Steve  Rosa 

Aguided-missile  cruiser  is 
steaming  home  across 
the  Atlantic.  At  1 p.m., 
off  Cape  Hatteras,  it  encounters 
winds  of  21  knots  and  seas  of 
eight  feet.  Three  hours  later  the 
winds  have  almost  doubled.  By 
midnight  the  seas  are  21  feet  high 
and  the  cruiser  is  rolling  hard. 

The  ship  is  up  against  the  North 
Wall  of  the  Atlantic  Gulf  Stream 
where  the  combination  of  warm 
gulf  water  and  cold  air  can  rapid- 
ly generate  dangerous  wind  and 
wave  conditions. 

Meanwhile,  a submarine 
prowls  the  depths  just  below, 
playing  a dangerous  game  of  hide 
and  seek.  To  complete  its  mission. 

the  sub  needs  to  know  tempera- 
ture distribution,  current 
strength,  bathymetric  data  and 
much  more.  The  world  under  the 

“They  are  stellar, 
performers ...  ” 

— CAPT  Craig  Upton, 
MS22C  civilian  mariner  and 
former  USNS  Pathfinder  master 

waves  is  still  a hazardous  combi- 
nation of  volcanic  cones,  great, 

featureless  plains,  chasms  bigger 
than  the  Grand  Canyon  and 
mountains  that  dwarf  even  Mount 
Everest.  To  operate  undetected  in 
such  an  environment  can  be 
treacherous  if  you  don't  have  a 
detailed  road  map. 

Fortunately,  Navy  oceanogra- 
phers and  the  Military  Sealift 
Command  can  help.  Whether  it's 
keeping  Navy  ships  away  from 
heavy  seas  or  providing  charts  of 
the  undersea  world,  the  Navy's 
oceanography  community  and  its 
fleet  of  eight  oceanographic  ships, 
operated  by  Military  Sealift 
Command,  criss-cross  the  world's 
oceans  collecting  huge  amounts  of 
topographical  data. 



Photo  by  Gail  S.  Cleete 

USNS  Pathfinder  First  Mate  Charles  Rodriguez 
demonstrates  how  to  lower  the  conductivity, 
temperature  and  depth  (CTD)  probe  for  Project 
Marco  Polo  students. 

Despite  their  size  (about  300 
feet  in  length),  oceanographic 
ships  play  a vital  role  in  national 
defense  — by  allowing  the  Navy 
to  go  about  its  business.  These 
ships  take  the  ocean's  pulse.  They 
help  to  maintain  an  ever-growing 
database  of  nautical  information 
used  by  mariners  all  across  the 
globe.  More  than  anything,  they 
provide  ship  captains  with  the 
information  they  need  to  make  an 
accurate  assessment  of  oceano- 
graphic conditions. 

To  keep  navigational  science 

Ocean  Fact 

The  United  States  has  more  than  95,000 
miles  of  coastline  and  more  than  3.4 
million  square  miles  of  ocean  within  its 
exclusive  economic  zone. 

and  safety  progressing,  a 
new  class  of  ships,  the  T- 
AGS  60  class,  is  taking  the 
oceanographic  world  by 

"They  are  stellar,  state-of- 
the-art  performers,"  said 
CAPT  Craig  Upton,  an  MSC 
civilian  mariner  and  former 
USNS  Pathfinder  master. 
"With  their  ultra-modern 
propulsion  systems  and 
high-tech  survey  equipment, 
the  result  is  something  to  be 
proud  of." 

The  result  is  a class  of  five 
ships,  with  four  operating 
and  one  under  construction. 
MSC  civilian  mariners 
operate  the  ships  and  assist 
Navy  oceanographers  with 
oceanographic  surveys.  Twin 
z-drive  motors  give  the  ship 
remarkable  handling.  Combined 
with  a global  positioning  system 
on  board,  these  ships  have  a 
much-improved  station-keeping 

T-AGS  60  ships  are  chock  full 
of  specialized  oceanographic 
equipment:  ocean  floor,  current, 
temperature  and  velocity  profil- 
ers; a seismic  system,  to  measure 
underwater  seismic  activity;  a 
magnetometer,  for  mapping  the 
earth's  magnetic  field;  a sonar 
system  capable  of  charting  waters 
from  10  to  11,000  meters  in  depth; 
and  a surface  weather  monitoring 
system.  All  the  electronics  add  up 
to  one  very  impressive  ship;  one 
that  is  capable  of  gathering 
mountains  of  data  on  various 
ocean  phenomena  in  a very  short 

Oceanography  is  an  on-going 

study  because  the  oceans  are 
alive.  Humans  change  things; 
nature  changes  things.  Oceano- 
graphic ships  are  deployed  to 
ensure  those  changes  are  on 
record  — by  watching  the  ocean 
and  waiting  for  her  to  reveal  her 


Rosa  is  a public  affairs  specialist  with 
Military  Sealift  Command,  Washington, 


APRIL  1998 



Steve  Fragoza,  a student  from  San  Antonio, 
Texas,  never  saw  anything  like  the  creatures 
found  in  the  bottom  trawler. 

Project  Marco  Polo  continues 
to  expand  the  horizons  of  young 
people  all  across  the  country. 

Story  and  photos  by  Gail  Cleere 

Marco  Polo  was  one  of 
the  greatest  explorers 
this  world  has  ever 
seen.  His  thirst  for  knowledge 
pushed  him  to  the  farthest  reach- 
es of  his  known  universe.  But,  it 
was  his  respect  for  the  cultures  he 
encountered  that  earned  him  a 
lasting  legacy. 

By  the  turn  of  the  14th  century, 
Marco  Polo  was  famous.  His 
book.  Description  of  the  World, 
based  on  his  travels  to  central 
Asia  and  China,  was  the  most 

widely  read  book  in  Eu- 
rope. It  influenced  many  of 
the  early  explorers,  includ- 
ing Christopher  Columbus. 

Today,  Marco  Polo's 
name  and  legacy  are  still 
influencing  explorers 
around  the  world.  For  the 
past  eight  years,  the  Navy 
and  the  National  Geo- 
graphic Society  have  co- 
sponsored a program  that 
takes  students  and  teachers 
overseas  on  the  Navy's 



While  sailing  from  Tangier,  Morocco,  to 
Syros,  Greece,  USNS  Pathfinder  Master 
Curt  Smith  demonstrates  how  to  use  a 
sextant  to  Ben  Korin,  a student  from 
Bethel,  Conn. 

oceanographic  survey  ships. 
Project  Marco  Polo  emphasizes 
oceanography,  as  well  as  the  need 
for  a greater  understanding  of  the 
customs  and  traditions  of  foreign 

Going  where  few 
students  and 
teachers  have  gone 
before.  Project 
Marco  Polo  partici- 
pants have  jour- 
neyed to  locations 
as  diverse  as 
Indonesia,  Egypt 
and  North  Africa. 

This  past  sum- 
mer, Project  Marco 
Polo  was  conducted 
aboard  USNS 
Pathfinder.  Travel- 
ing from  Lisbon, 

Portugal,  to  Syros, 

Greece,  students 
and  teachers  from 
Texas,  Oklahoma,  Mississippi  and 
Connecticut  studied  geography, 
history,  language  and  the  arts  as 
they  immersed  themselves  in  the 
customs  and  traditions  of  foreign 
cultures.  While  at  sea,  they 
dropped  bottom  cores,  studied 
oceanography  and  meteorology, 
practiced  the  art  of  navigation 
and  even  performed  biological 
studies  on  marine  life.  The  experi- 
ence prompted  Bill  DeGrazia,  a 
teacher  from  Connecticut,  to  write 
in  his  journal,  "Salinity  tests  on  the 
aft  deck  this  morning  — it  doesn't 
get  any  better  than  this." 

Project  Marco  Polo  will  tack  in  a 

APRIL  1998 

“Salinity  tests  on 
the  aft  deck  this 
morning  — it 
doesn’t  get  any 
better  than  this.” 

- Bill  DeGrazia 

new  direction  this  year.  With  a 
grant  from  the  Navy,  St.  Norbert 
College,  DePere,  Wis.,  will  as- 
sume management  of  the  program 
via  the  Ocean  Voyagers  program 
and  add  a few  new  twists.  The 
teachers  selected  for  the  program 
will  now  take  a more  active  role 
in  developing  the  curriculum.  As 
opposed  to  past  years,  when 
participants  were  merely  exposed 
to  oceanographic  operations, 
teachers  will  now  be  more  fo- 
cused on  bringing  oceanography 
and  world  studies  into  the  class- 
room, with  a hands-on  curricu- 
lum. These  curricula  will  be 
available  on  the  Ocean  Voyagers 

website  ( ). 

This  summer,  in  honor  of  Year 
of  the  Ocean,  six  winners  of  the 
National  Ocean  Science  Bowl  (one 
teacher  and  five  high  school 
students),  and  a teacher  and  a 
student  selected  through  the 
Mississippi  Science  and  Engineer- 
ing Fair  will  participate  in  Project 
Marco  Polo.  They  will  board  the 
Navy's  oceano- 
graphic survey  ship 
USNS  Pathfinder  and 
perform  a variety  of 
surveys  en  route  to 
Lisbon,  Portugal 
where  they  will 
attend  Expo  '98.  At 
one  point  in  the 
survey,  the  Project 
Marco  Polo  partici- 
pants will  join  the 
six  middle  school 
teachers  embarked 
with  the  Ocean 
Voyager  program. 

Marco  Polo's 
legacy  of  learning  is 
alive  and  well  in  the  hearts  and 
minds  of  these  brave  explorers 
who  sail  in  his  name.  These  Ocean 
Voyagers  will  surely  chart  new 
educational  seas! 

Cleere  is  the  public  affairs  officer  for 
Oceanography fcof  the  Navy. 

Ocean  Fact 

Erika  Curtis,  a student  from  New  Braufels,  Texas,  eyeballs  the  red  starfish 
she  found  among  the  other  sea  creatures  pulled  up  in  the  bottom  trawl 
conducted  aboard  USNS  Pathfinder. 



The  littoral  zone  is  that  area  extending  from  coastal  waters  inland 

along  the  shore.  Although  deep  water  operations  remain  important, 
it  is  critical  that  Sailors  and  Marines  learn  how  to  operate  in  this 
rather  unique  environment.  In  the  littoral,  there  are  a number  of  weather 
and  oceanographic  factors  which  can  affect  our  ability  to  fight.  Here,  we 
present  only  a few  of  the  more  prominent. 


LAND-FAST  ICE:  Consolidated  sea  ice  attached 
to  the  coast  can  typically  extend  offshore  to  2 to 
25  meter  depth  with  extreme  extents  (100  to  200 
km)  observed  in  vicinity  of  offshore  islands.  It 
will  cover  constricted  channels  and  bays 
regardless  of  depth  and  ridges  of  1 to  3 meters 
may  occur  with  maximum  thickness  of  2 to  3 
meters.  Ice  will  modify  the  salinity  of  water. 

Ice  can  become  an  extreme  navigational  hazard. 
Coastal  ports  are  often  inaccessible  without 
icebreaker  support.  Ice  may  also  be  a formidable 
obstacle  to  amphibious  craft,  swimmers  and 
torpedo.  It  impairs  submarine  operations  due  to 
decreased  depths. 

BEACH  PROFILE:  Sand  profiles  change 
seasonally  and  often  after  storm  passage; 
barred  beaches  with  rip  currents  are 


Equipment-laden  troops  can  drown  in 
deep  trough  inshore  of  bar;  wave  activity 
adversely  affect  amphibious  craft. 

INTERNAL  WAVES:  Stratified  water  can 
be  disturbed  by  tidal  or  current  flow.  The 
resulting  wave  energy  to  the  water 
column  may  cause  a vertical  change  in 
thermocline  depth  (as  much  as  tens  of 
meters);  it  can  be  visible  on  the  surface  but 
with  a much  smaller  vertical  change. 

Due  to  these  waves,  submerged  craft  can 
experience  loss  of  depth  control,  and 
surface  craft  can  experience  higher  and 
more  chaotic  wave  heights  causing 
difficult  station  keeping,  underway 
replenishment  and  aircraft  recovery. 

COASTAL  CURRENTS:  Caused  by  wind, 
tides  and  sea  surface  slope,  these  currents 
can  exceed  4 knots.  Recent  landfill  can 
modify  currents  from  those  depicted  on 
older  charts. 

Coastal  currents  directly  affect  coastal 
navigation  (especially  when  there  are  no 
visual  landmarks),  explosive  ordnance 
disposal  operations,  drifting  mines, 
sonobuoy  pattern  integrity  and  search  and 


marine  life  (e.g.,  jellyfish,  scorpion  fish, 
saltwater  crocodiles)  may  be  present,  and 
typically  there  is  more  marine  life  present 
than  in  near-surface  open  ocean. 

These  creatures  can  present  a possible 
hazard  to  reconnaissance  personnel.  Kelp 
beds  can  impede  special  warfare  and 
amphibious  operations. 




Generally  occur  in  the  afternoon;  these 
storms  cause  wind  shear,  heavy  rain,  hail 
and  high  winds. 

They  represent  a danger  to  airborne 
operations  and  can  degrade  communica- 
tions and  mobility. 

BIOLUMINESCENCE:  Light  is  produced 
when  plankton  organisms  are  disturbed 
with  no  correlation  to  weather  or  sea  state. 
It  can  be  observed  from  these  surface  to  35 

The  result  is  enhanced  nighttime  visual 
detectability  of  bow  waves  and  wakes  of 
swimmers,  periscopes  and  surfaced  and 
submerged  craft.  A ship's  wake  may  be 
visible  for  6 nautical  miles. 

RIVER  DISCHARGE:  Fresh,  often  colder 
and  less  dense  water  enters  salty,  often 
warmer,  denser  water  as  a surface  or 
subsurface  plume,  eddy  or  lens.  Bottom 
sediment  changes  drastically  due  to 
sediment  load  and  sediment  and  current 
flows  increase. 

Submarines  and  swimmer-delivery 
vehicles  may  require  significant  buoyancy 
compensation  to  prevent  grounding/ 
surface  broaching.  Increased  current  flow 
can  affect  amphibious  craft  and  swimmer 

SHIPWRECKS:  More  shipwrecks  occur 
near  shore. 

These  hulks  can  present  a hazard  to 
navigation,  but  a bottomed  sub  can  merge 
her  signature  with  a shipwreck  to  escape 

Art  & Text  by  CAPT  Dennis  Whitford 

Ocean  Fact 

How  much  power  exists  in  a 
wave?  Kinetic  energy  of  motion,  in 
waves  is  tremendous.  An  average 
4-foot,  10-second  wave  striking  a 
coast  puts  out  more  than  35,000 
horsepower  per  mile  of  coast. 

predominate  in  tropical  areas  and  are  often 
unsurveyed.  Bars  and  channels  may 
change  seasonally  or  even  more  rapidly; 
there  is  often  rapid  current  flow  in 

All  three  can  affect  approaches  taken  by 
amphibious  craft,  swimmers  and  torpe- 
does and  can  adversely  affect  active  sonar. 


TERRAIN-FORCED  WIND:  Terrain  can 
force  a wind  direction  change  that  may 
cause  low-level  turbulence  from  wind 
shear  between  wind  above  terrain  and 
wind  between  terrain. 

Therefore,  air  drops,  parachute/ glider / 
helicopter  operations  and  low-level  tactical 
air  operations  become  more  difficult  and 

! ONSHORE  WIND:  Afternoon  occurrence; 
8 to  14  knots;  extends  5 to  10  nautical  miles; 
can  cause  higher  sea  states;  coastal  hills  can 
lift  moist  sea  air  generating  clouds. 

With  these  winds,  periscope  and  mine 
detection  become  difficult;  there  are 
increased  breaker  heights  in  the  surf  zone, 
and  inland  targets  may  be  obscured. 


111 11,1 1,11 t 

OFFSHORE  WIND:  Nighttime  occur- 
rence; 4 to  6 knots;  extends  2 to  4 nautical 
miles  offshore;  can  carry  land  smoke,  fog 
and  dust  offshore,  reducing  atmospheric 

This  reduced  visibility  can  hamper 
coastal  surface  operations  and  cause 
potential  dust  related  aircraft  engine 
problems  at  sea. 

APRIL  1998 


of  the  Seas 

Matthew  Fontaine  Maury  is  credited  with  the  founding  of  an  entirely  new 
science,  the  “physical  geography  of  the  sea,”  known  today  as  oceanography. 

Story  by  LCDR  John  Kirby 

n the  autumn  of  1852,  four 
commercial  clipper  ships 
began  a race  from  New  York 
to  San  Francisco.  The  goal 
wasn't  to  see  who  got  there 

first,  but  to  see  who  got  there  the 
fastest.  So  they  staggered  their 
departures,  putting  to  sea  at 
various  intervals  between  Octo- 
ber 12  and  November  14.  Such 
races  were  common  then;  clipper 
ship  captains  couldn't  resist  the 
temptation  to  compete,  and  the 
15,000-mile  New  York  to  San 
Francisco  run  was  one  of  the 
most  heavily  plied  by  the  com- 
mercial maritime  industry.  But 
this  contest  was  special.  The  race 
course  had  been  charted  by  an 
up-and-coming,  young  naval 
officer  by  the  name  of  Matthew 
Fontaine  Maury  and  the  results 
f would  only  prove  to  strengthen 
his  already  solid  reputation  in 
the  field  of  ocean  science. 

LT  Maury,  then  serving  as 
Superintendent  of  the  Navy's 
Depot  of  Charts  and  Instru- 
ments, was  already  a recognized 
expert  in  the  field  of  navigation. 
He  had  ecently  written  a text- 
book which  was  eventually 

adopted  by  the  U.S.  Navy  and 
had  already  published  Wind  and 
Current  Charts  five  years  earlier  in 
1847.  That  book,  which  was  based 
on  studies  he  performed  at  sea 
and  from  information  extracted 
from  log  books  kept  by  merchant 
skippers,  as  well  as  his  next  book. 
Sailing  Directions,  proved  highly 
valuable  in  reducing  sailing  times 
around  the  world.  Indeed,  ships 
had  been  using  them  to  such 
success  that  the  New  York  to  San 
Francisco  route  was  cut  from  an 
average  of  187  days  to  only  144. 
The  four  clipper  ship  captains 
carried  these  books  aboard  their 
vessels  as  they  raced  to  San 

Throughout  November  and 
much  of  December,  the  clipper 
Wild  Pigeon  held  a commanding 
lead,  despite  having  to  divert  off 
course  due  to  poor  winds.  But  on 
December  30,  lookouts  sighted 
another  ship  astern.  Unbelievably, 
it  was  Flying  Fish,  which  had  set 
sail  three  weeks  after  Wild  Pigeon ! 
The  two  were  now  locked  in  a nip 
and  tuck  race  to  the  finish,  with 
John  Gilpin  a close  third.  Flying 
Fish  eventually  won,  arriving  in 






liury’s  charts  revolutionized  travel  on  the  world’s  oceans  and  earned  him  the  title  “Pathfinder  of  the  Seas. 

San  Francisco  on  the  last  day  of 
January  1853,  having  completed 
the  journey  in  an  astounding  92 
days  and  4 hours. 

Maury  had,  at  the  age  of  46, 
revolutionized  merchant  traffic  on 
the  high  seas.  As  one  merchant 
skipper  wrote  to  him,  "until  I 
took  up  your  work,  I had  been 
traversing  the  ocean  blindfolded." 

1853  would  turn  out  to  be  a big 
year  for  Matthew  Fontaine  Maury. 
By  summer,  he  had  become 
internationally  famous  for  his 
chart  work  and  dubbed  the 
"Pathfinder  of  the  Seas."  Even  so, 
he  recognized  there  were  vast 
areas  of  the  world  for  which  he 
had  insufficient  data  and  knew 
that  he  would  need  to  enlist  the 
help  of  every  nation  on  Earth  in 
order  to  gather  the  information 
he  and  the  world  needed.  Thus, 




he  began  to  push  for  the  creation 
of  a world  meteorological  organi- 
zation. His  vision  was  soon 
realized  and  although  he  was 
invited  to  preside  over  the  inau- 
gural international  maritime 
conference  held  in  Brussels, 
Belgium,  in  August  1853,  he 
declined.  He  did,  however,  make 
the  opening  address  to  the  confer- 
ence which  adjourned  September 
8,  after  having  adopted  interna- 
tionally standardized  forms  and 
instructions  for  the  collection  of 
meteorological  observations.  This 
alone  made  the  conference  a huge 
success.  However,  it  was  the 
spirit  of  cooperation  exhibited  by 
the  participating  nations  that 
struck  Maury  deeply.  As  he 
would  write  later:  "Rarely  has 
there  been  such  a spectacle  pre- 
sented to  the  scientific  world.  ... 

Though  they  may  be  enemies  in 
all  else,  here  they  are  friends. 
Every  ship  that  navigates  the  high 
seas  with  these  charts  and  blank 
abstract  [is]  a temple  of  science." 
For  his  efforts  at  the  conference, 
Maury  was  credited  with  found- 
ing an  entirely  new  science,  the 
"physical  geography  of  the  sea," 
known  today  as  oceanography. 

Later  that  year,  Maury  began 

Ocean  Fact 

The  first  successful  transit 
under  ice  at  the  North  Pole 
was  made  by  USS  Nautilus  in 
1957.  Today,  Navy  oceanogra- 
phers regularly  map  the  ice 
edge  to  ensure  safe  passage 
for  ships  and  submarines. 

APRIL  1998 


Maury’s  discovery  of  a relatively  shallow  plateau  across  the  Atlantic  allowed  the  first 
transatlantic  cable  to  be  laid  in  1858.  Here  HMS  Agamemnon  receives  the  cable 
onboard  while  at  anchor. 

work  to  locate  the  best  route  for 
an  underwater  transatlantic  cable. 
Using  a deep-sea  sounding  appa- 
ratus designed  at  the  Naval 
Observatory  (of  which  he  had 
also  been  made  superintendent), 
Maury  began  to  collect  specimens 
from  the  ocean  bottom.  From  his 
study  of  these  specimens,  he 
discovered  the  existence  of  a 
relatively  shallow  underwater 
plateau  across  the  Atlantic  from 
Newfoundland  to  Ireland.  In  a 
letter  to  then-Secretary  of  the 
Navy  James  C.  Dobbin,  he  de- 
scribed it  as  having  precisely  the 
correct  attributes  to  hold  the 
wires  of  a transatlantic  cable.  "It 
is  neither  too  deep  nor  to  shallow, 
yet  it  is  so  deep  that  the  wires 
being  once  landed  will  remain 
forever  beyond  the  reach  of 
vessels'  anchors,  icebergs  and 
drifts  of  any  kind,  and  so  shallow 
that  the  wires  may  be  readily 
lodged  upon  the  bottom." 

In  1858,  after  serious  consulta- 
tion with  Maury,  American  indus- 
trialist Cyrus  Field  and  the  Brit- 
ish-based Atlantic  Telegraph 
Company  laid  the  first  transatlan- 
tic cable  along  this  plateau, 
establishing  for  the  first  time  in 
history  instantaneous  communi- 
cation between  the  Old  World  and 
the  New.  The  first  official  mes- 
sage sent  over  the  cable  was  from 
Queen  Victoria  to  President  James 
Buchanan.  In  his  reply,  the  Presi- 
dent called  the  cable,  "a  triumph 
more  glorious  ...  than  was  ever 
won  by  conqueror  on  the  field  of 
battle."  For  his  part  in  locating 
the  cable's  bed,  Maury  was 
praised  as  the  "indefatigable 
investigator  of  the  ocean  depths." 

With  the  establishment  of  the 
transatlantic  cable,  Maury  had 
once  again  made  history.  Howev- 

“Navies are  not  all  for 
war.  Peace  has  its  con - 
quests,  science  its  glo- 
ries. And  no  Navy  can 
boast  of  brighter  chap- 
lets than  those  which 
have  been  gathered  in 
the  fields  of  geographi- 
cal exploration  and 
physical  research.” 

— Matthew  Fontaine  Maury 

er,  the  Sailor  scientist's  crowning 
achievement  was  probably  his 
first  commercially  printed  book. 
The  Physical  Geography  of  the  Sea. 
Published  in  1855,  the  book 
contained  a wealth  of  new  discov- 
eries presented  in  a simple,  easy 
to  understand  style.  For  example. 

Maury  used  information  gathered 
from  whaling  vessels  to  theorize 
about  the  existence  of  a Northern 
passage  from  the  Atlantic  to  the 
Pacific.  Because  whalers  some- 
times marked  their  harpoons  with 
both  the  date  and  the  name  of 
their  ship,  when  whales  captured 
near  the  Bering  Strait  had  har- 
poons in  them  from  ships  known 
to  cruise  the  waters  of  the  North 
Atlantic,  Maury  concluded  that 
the  dates  were  too  recent  for  them 
to  have  gone  from  Atlantic  to 
Pacific  by  way  of  Cape  Horn  or 
Good  Hope.  "In  this  way,"  wrote 
Maury,  "we  were  furnished  with 
circumstantial  evidence  that  there 
is  ...  open  water  communication 
through  the  Arctic  Sea  from  one 
side  of  the  continent  to  the  other, 
for  it  is  known  that  the  whales 
can  not  travel  under  the  ice  for 
such  a great  distance." 

In  addition  to  his  many  re- 
markable discoveries,  the  book 
also  included  detailed  charts  and 
diagrams  explaining  everything 



from  wind  and  currents  to  tem- 
perature and  tides. 

The  Physical  Geography  of  the  Sea 
received  swift  praise  and  became 
a huge  bestseller.  In  its  first 
year  of  publication  alone,  the 
book  went  through  five 
printings.  Maury  was  becom- 
ing famous  both  at  home  and 
abroad  as  the  book  was 
subsequently  printed  in 
France,  Holland,  Germany 
and  Italy.  Great  Britain's 
Royal  Astronomical  Society 
called  it,  "one  of  the  most 
fascinating  books  in  the 
English  language."  The  book 
was  revolutionary.  It  was  the 
first  book  ever  to  embrace 
the  entire  sea  as  its  theme, 
and  it  did  so  in  a way  which 
everyone  could  appreciate.  It 
brought  the  world  of  ocean- 
ography to  the  common  man. 
Perhaps  more  importantly, 
the  scientific  principles 
which  Maury  set  forth  re- 
mained relevant  for  many 
years  afterward,  making  his 
book  the  model  for  all  writ- 
ers of  popular  science. 

Later  in  1855,  a naval 
board  that  had  been  con- 
vened to  review  the  officer 
list  inexplicably  placed 
Maury  on  a leave  of  absence. 

At  the  height  of  his  fame, 

Matthew  Fontaine  Maury 
was  out  of  a job.  Through 
persuasive  arguments  and 
the  help  of  Senator  Sam 
Houston  of  Tennessee,  Maury  was 
reinstated  in  1858  at  the  rank  of 
full  commander.  He  continued  on 
in  his  duties  at  the  Naval  Obser- 
vatory until  1861,  when  war  broke 

APRIL  1998 

out  between  the  states.  Feeling 
greater  allegiance  to  his  home 
state  of  Virginia  than  to  the 
Union,  Maury  resigned  his  com- 

mission and  volunteered  for 
service  in  the  Confederate  Navy. 
He  served  for  a time  as  the  coor- 
dinator of  Southern  coast,  harbor 
and  river  defenses  before  being 

shipped  off  to  Great  Britain  for 
duty  as  a Confederate  emissary. 

In  that  capacity  he  was  able  to 
procure  a number  of  warships  for 
the  fledgling  rebel  navy, 
including  the  Georgia,  which 
sailed  from  Scotland  in  April 
1863  and  captured  several 
Union  prizes.  After  the  war, 
Maury  worked  in  Mexico  as 
the  immigration  commis- 
sioner, wrote  several  more 
scientific  books  and  eventu- 
ally settled  down  to  life  as  a 
professor  of  meteorology  at 
Virginia  Military  Institute. 
He  died  Feb.  1,  1873. 

Matthew  Fontaine  Maury 
was  one  of  the  greatest 
scientific  minds  of  his  time 
and  one  of  our  Navy's  most 
influential  pioneers.  Because 
of  him  naval  personnel 
began  to  fully  understand 
the  medium  in  which  they 
work  — the  sea.  That  we 
have  come  so  far  in  our 
knowledge  of  the  oceans, 
and  that  we  have  grown  to 
be  such  good  stewards  of  the 
environment  is  directly 
creditable  to  this  talented 

Kirby  is  the  head  of  still  media, 
Naval  Media  Center,  Washington, 

To  learn  more  about 
the  life  of  Matthew 
Fontaine  Maury,  visit 
his  website  at:  http:// 


The  Maury  Project,  named  for 
Matthew  Fontaine  Maury,  is  the  Amer- 
ican Meteorological  Society's  compre- 
hensive national  program  of  teacher 
enhancement  based  on  studies  of  the 
physical  foundations  of  oceanography. 
It  is  conducted  in  partnership  with  the 
United  States  Naval  Academy  and  the 
National  Oceanic  Atmospheric  Admin- 
istration. It  is  directed  toward  improv- 
ing teacher  effectiveness  in  generating 
interest  and  understanding  in  science, 
technology  and  mathematics  among 
pre-college  students  at  all  grade  levels 
and  across  the  curriculum. 

A major  component  of  the  Maury 
Project  is  the  offering  of  training  and 
information  sessions  to  teachers 
around  the  country  on  oceanographic 
topic  and  issues.  The  sessions  are 
conducted  by  Maury  Project  Peer 
Trainers  who  have  attended  an  exten- 
sive summer  training  program  at  the 
Naval  Academy.  Teachers  at  all  pre- 
college grade  levels  seeking  greater 
understanding  of  oceanography  are 
encouraged  to  attend.  For  more  infor- 
mation about  the  Maury  Project  con- 
tact the  U.S.  Naval  Academy  public 
affairs  office  at  (410)  293-2291  or  visit 
the  Project's  website  at:  / / AMS/amsedu/ 


E nvir  onment  al 


l^nifimniiipnfal  Arp 

Naval  Aviation 

(NADEP)  Jack- 
sonville and  the 

' i;  Jacksonville  Offshore 

Fishing  Club  (JOSFC) 
recently  added  several 
stripped^out,  Vietnam-era  aircraft  to  an  existing 
artificial  reef  off  the  Jacksonville  coast. 

Eight  A -7  jets  and  a T-2  trainer  aircraft  were  sunk 
about  seven  miles  off  the  coast  of  Jacksonville  Beach, 
Fla.,  in  70  feet  of  water. 

For  years  environmentalists  have  been  concerned 
about  the  decline  of  nursery  habitats  for  several 
species  of  fish  and  shellfish  in  the  Jacksonville  area. 

This  decline  can  be  traced  to  increased  coastal  develop- 
ment and  the  ever-growing  popularity  of  sport  fishing 
in  Florida-Georgia  waters. 

These  much  needed  artificial  reefs  provide  food, 
shelter,  protection  and  spawning  areas  for  hundreds  of 
species  of  fish  and  other  marine  organisms. 

This  is  the  second  time  in  two  years  the  Navy  has 
contributed  military  hardware  to  build  an  artificial  reef 
in  North  Florida  waters.  In  August  1995,  33  A-6  aircraft 
were  sunk  about  22  miles  east  of  St.  Augustine,  at  a 
depth  of  almost  100  feet.  Those  aircraft,  which  had 
been  earmarked  to  be  overhauled  at  the  Grumman 
plant  in  St.  Augustine,  had  been  relegated  to  the  scrap 
heap  after  maintenance  inspectors  judged  the  aircraft 
to  be  uneconomical  to  repair. 



OF  9^1 

Pulp  Non-Fiction 

When  it  comes  to  safely  and  properly  disposing  of 
trash  at  sea,  the  Navy  doesn't  mess  around.  With  the 
help  of  a new  machine  called  a pulper,  invented  by 
the  Navy  engineers  and  civilian  contractors  at  Naval 
Surface  Warfare  Center,  Carderock  Division  and 
GEO-CENTERS,  Inc.,  at-sea  waste  disposal  just 
moved  into  the  21st  century. 

Pulpers  are  designed  to  process  the  biodegradable 
solid  waste  generated  by  Navy  surface  ships.  This 
includes  paper,  cardboard  and  food  waste.  They  work 
in  much  the  same  way  as  your  household  garbage 
disposal,  just  on  a much  bigger  scale  — much  bigger. 
Navy  surface  ships  generate  pulpable  solid  waste  at  a 
rate  of  about  2.3  pounds  per  person  per  day.  That7 s almost 
700  pounds  a day  on  a 300-Sailor  destroyer  or  more  than 
15,000  pounds  per  day  on  a 6,500-Sailor  aircraft  carrier! 

Plastic,  glass  or  anything  else  that  could  threaten 
marine  life,  harm  the  environment  or  create  a hazard  for 
navigation  is  separated  from  the  biodegradable  waste  and 
stored  for  in-port  disposal. 

The  Navy  plans  to  equip  the  entire  fleet  with  these 
impressive  garbage  grinders  by  the  end  of  the  year  2000. 

Protecting  Our  Resources 

the  freedom 
of  the  seas  and 
national  security 
are  just  two  of  the 
Navy's  many  missions  - 
protecting  the  oceans 
and  their  natural  resources  is  another.  The  Navy  has  one 
of  the  most  comprehensive  and  advanced  environmental 
programs  in  the  world. 

The  environmental  impact  of  training  exercises  has 
been  significantly  reduced  in  recent  years  by  moving 
bombing,  gunnery  practice  and  high-speed  operations 
away  from  critical  habitats. 

The  Navy  is  also  very  involved  in  the  protection  of 
several  endangered  species,  including  the  northern  right 
and  humpback  whales  and  several  species  of  sea  turtles. 
Extra  lookouts  are  also  posted  when  transiting  habitat  areas. 

Ocean  Fact 

How  does  it  work? 

Pulpable  waste  is  fed  into  a seawater-filled  pulping  tank, 
where  a two-bladed  cutter  chops  up  the  waste  until  it's  a 
slurry  that  fits  through  quarter-inch  screen.  The  pulp  is  then 
fed  into  a seawater-powered  eductor,  where  it  is  discharged 

Because  metal,  glass  and  plastics  sometimes  end  up  in 
the  waste  feed,  the  pulper  is  designed  to  separate  these 
materials  without  damaging  the  pulper.  Metal  and  glass 
end  up  in  a collection  bin  called  the  junk  trap,  and  plastic 
stays  in  the  tank  until  the  machine  is  shut  down  and  cleaned. 

APRIL  1998 


Alloy  mates!  Here’s  a quiz  to  test  your  oceanographic 
minds.  After  you  select  your  answers,  turn  to  Page  48  and 
see  if  you’re  correct.  Good  luck  and  full  speed  ahead 1 

1.  El  Nino  is  the  name  given  to  — 

(a)  The  tallest  mountain  in  Chile. 

(b)  A Mexican  rock  band. 

(c)  A particular  kind  of  Mediterranean  storm  system. 

(d)  Unusually  warm  surface  waters  in  the 
eastern  Pacific. 

2.  A bathythermograph  is  - 

(a)  A device  for  measuring 
wind  speed  and  direction. 

(b)  Something  useful  for 
determining  sound  speed  in 
the  ocean. 

(c)  A map  of  sea  surface  water 

(d)  A kind  of  thermostat  used 
in  the  bathtub. 

3.  A tsunami  is  — 

(a)  A kind  of  Japanese  sushi  platter. 

(b)  A monsoon. 

(c)  What  used  to  be  called  "a  tidal  wave." 

(d)  An  outrigger  canoe  used  in  Polynesia. 

4.  Which  of  these  organisms  is  used  to 
replace  human  bone? 

(a)  Tubeworms. 

(b)  Zooplankton. 

(c)  Turtle  shells. 

(d)  Coral. 

6.  “The  Pathfinder  of  the  Seas  was  — 

(a)  LT  Matthew  Fontaine  Maury. 

(b)  Vasco  da  Gama. 

(c)  An  android  character  in  the  Star  Wars  trilogy. 

(d)  Portugal's  Prince  Henry,  "the  Navigator." 

6.  Measured  along  a parallel , a degree  of 
longitude  always  represents  the  same  linear 
distance  on  the  earth’s  surface. 

(a)  True. 

(b)  False. 

7.  When  a freighter’s  cargo 
spilled  in  the  early  1 990 s, 

61.000  Nike  shoes  and 

29.000  plastic  duckies  were 
dumped  into  the  Pacific 
Ocean,  and 

(a)  They  were  distributed  by  the 
Navy  to  the  poor  after  beach  cleanups 
along  the  West  Coast. 

(b)  Their  movements  were  studied  to 

"hind  cast"  drift  and  ocean  current  patterns  in 
the  Pacific. 

(c)  They  were  driven  by  winds  and  currents 
and  eventually  circumnavigated  the  globe. 

(d)  They  were  picked  up  by  beachcombers  and 
sold  as  souvenirs. 

8.  Which  of  the  following  does  NOT  belong 
in  the  group? 

(a)  The  Gulf  Stream. 

(b)  The  Shamal. 

(c)  The  Kuroshio. 

(d)  The  Labrador  Current. 

9 .  Normal  ocean  waves  are 
fundamentally  cause  d by 
(a)  The  Earth's  rotation. 

(b)  The  tides. 

(c)  The  wind. 

(d)  Geo-magnetic  storms. 



10.  The  Oceanographer  of  the  Navy 
is  responsible  for  — 

(a)  Military  Oceanography. 

(b)  Operational  Meteorology 

(c)  Mapping,  Charting,  & Geodesy. 

(d)  Precise  Time  and  Astrometry. 

(e)  All  of  the  above. 

11.  The  difference  between  a “typhoon” 
and  a “ hurricane ” is  — 

(a)  That  a typhoon  is  bigger. 

(b)  The  direction  the  wind  rotates  around  the  “eye." 

(c)  Whether  you're  in  the  Pacific  or  the  Atlantic. 

(d)  How  much  it  rains  during  the  storm. 

12.  The  depth  of  the  deepest  point  in 
the  ocean  is  greater  than  the  height  of 
Adount  Everest. 

(a)  True. 

(b)  False. 

IT.  What  percentage  of  seawater  is  “salt?” 

(a)  About  1%. 

(b)  Around  4%. 

(c)  Around  10%. 

(d)  Greater  than  15%. 

1‘ 4.  How  far  out  to  sea  does  a nation's 
Exclusive  Economic  Zone  extend? 

(a)  3 nautical  miles. 

(b)  12  nautical  miles. 

(c)  200  nautical  miles. 

(d)  1000  nautical  miles. 

IT.  How  big 
observed  at 

(a)  50  feet. 

(b)  90  feet. 

(c)  112  feet. 

(d)  165  feet 

16.  “Black  Smokers” 
are  — 

(a)  Sulfate-rich  hot 
water  vents  on  the 
ocean  bottom. 

(b)  Cigarette  users  with  advanced  lung  disease. 

(c)  Arctic  fog  banks. 

(d)  A species  of  deep-ocean  fish. 

17.  The  Beaufort  scale  is  — 

(a)  A device  for  weighing  water  samples. 

(b)  A special  ruler  used  in  navigation. 

(c)  A rare  kind  of  fish  skin. 

(d)  A way  to  describe  wind  speeds. 

18.  Why  is  the  North  Star  so  useful 
for  navigation? 

(a)  It's  fairly  bright  and  easy  to  find. 

(b)  Its  direction  in  space  lines  up  closely  with 
the  Earth's  axis. 

(c)  It  has  three  easy-to-remember  names. 

(D)  All  of  the  above. 

1? . Where  are  the  highest  tides  located? 

(a)  Cape  Fear,  N.C. 

(b)  Cape  Canaveral,  Fla. 

(c)  Bay  of  Fundy,  Canada. 

(d)  Bay  of  Bengl,  Bangladesh. 

20.  What  form  of  energy  travels  most 
efficiently  in  sea  water? 

(a)  Light. 

(b)  Sound. 

(c)  Radio  waves. 

(d)  Heat. 

21.  Which  of  the  following  is  used  from  the 
orange  roughy  fish  to  make  shampoo? 

(a)  Scales. 

(b)  Oils. 

(c)  Bones. 

(d)  Ground  fish  powder. 

APRIL  1998 




Oceans  of  Knowledge 


usted!  I was  sitting  in  the  dentist's  waiting 
room,  for  longer  than  I would  have  liked, 
when,  in  a moment  of  extreme  boredom,  I 
picked  up  one  of  those  silly  magazines  for  kids.  You 
know  the  ones  — filled  with  bright  colors,  short 
facts  and  tons  of  pictures.  Well,  as  I sat  there  with 
this  fluorescent  symbol  of  youth  clutched  in  my 
hands,  a friend  emerged  from  the  office  and  took 
immediate  notice.  "Going  for  the  intellectual  stuff 
now,  huh?"  he  asked  sarcastically. 

I quickly  ditched  the  magazine,  put  on  a rather 
sheepish  grin  and  made  excuses  about  boredom  and 
the  lack  of  good  up-to-date  sports  mags  as  I waited 
anxiously  for  him  to  leave.  Once  he  had  gone,  I gave 
in  to  an  overwhelming  urge  to  pick  up  the  issue 
again.  Why?  Because  I was  having  fun! 

The  magazine  was  all  about  the  beautiful  and 
dangerous  critters  living  in  the  deep  ocean.  I was 
fascinated  by  these  oddly  shaped  organisms  — they 
looked  liked  something  from  a sci-fi  flick  — who  reside  in 
a world  of  complete  darkness  and  extreme  pressure.  In  a 
word,  it  was  ...  well ...  cool. 

This  month.  All  Hands  is  dedicated  to  the  Year  of  the 
Ocean  (YOTO  '98)  and  I decided  it  was  a good  opportuni- 
ty to  peruse  the  web  for  watery  sites  with  information  on 
the  mysterious  world  beneath  the  waves. 

A quick  search  for  sites  with  the  keyword  "Ocean" 
brought  12,967  hits!  Where  to  begin?  A narrower  search 
for  "Year  of  the  Ocean"  gave  me  a more  manageable  649 
hits.  After  several  hours  of  checking  out  more  than  300  of 
these  sites,  I settled  on  a few  that  caught  my  interest. 

I spent  considerable  time  at  the  National  Oceanic  and 
Atmospheric  Administration's  (NOAA)  web  site  dedicat- 
ed to  YOTO  '98  ( ).  Here  you'll  find 
something  for  everyone.  The  official  YOTO  poster  can  be 
downloaded  in  .pdf  (Acrobat  Reader)  format,  along  with 
fact  sheets  and  brochures  on  the  year-long  observance. 

The  website  has  a variety  of  ocean  topics,  including 
coastal  development  and  deep-ocean  mining  and  explora- 
tion. Did  you  know  that  there  are  3 to  500  million  species 
living  in  the  ocean?  Or  how  about  this...  toothpaste  gets 
its  consistency  from  carrageenan,  a product  made  from 
red  algae.  That  same  substance  is  also  found  in  peanut 
butter,  giving  your  favorite  sandwich  ingredient  its 
speadability.  Pretty  cool,  huh? 

3 International  Year  of  the  Ocean  - Microsoft  Internet  Explorer  provided  by  Erol's  Internet 


File  Edit  View  Go  Favorites  Help 


Address  |£]  http: //www.yolo98 



n- — — if 

Just  for  You  - Free  Stuff! 

Reporters'  Resources 

In  Your  Neighborhood 

Kids'  & Teachers'  Corner 

Logo  Information 

Ocean  Related  Links 

Federal  Agency  Links 

Search  this  Web  Site 

Year  of  the 


• til 

NOAA  also  hosts  another  site  that  anyone  with  a 
moderately  fast  connection  will  find  entertaining.  At  you'll  find  a page  worth  bookmarking.  It 
includes  a multimedia  section  with  video  clips  on  ocean 
subjects  like  coral  reefs  and  the  plight  of  the  manatees.  If 
you  don't  have  RealNetwork's  RealPlayer  (required  for 
viewing),  there's  a link  to  download  the  latest  version. 

The  site  also  features  a "Question  of  the  Day"  on  topics 
relating  to  the  ocean.  On  the  day  I visited,  the  question 
was,  "How  many 
miles  of  coastline 
does  the  United 
States  have?"  A click 
of  the  mouse  (after 
considerable  pon- 
dering, no  doubt) 
reveals  the  answer 
to  be  more  than 
95,000  miles.  You 
can  also  access  past 
questions  if  you're 
in  "Jeopardy"  mode. 

The  official  YOTO  '98  homepage  from  the  United 
Nations'  Educational,  Scientific  and  Cultural  Organiza- 
tion (UNESCO)  resides  at  and  offers 
the  latest  information  on  what's  happening  with  the 









You  can  check  out  each  week  on  Navy/Marine  Corps  News 



£fe  £<*  ¥*»*  go  Fgralet  tjdp 

Add/oss  |e]  http 

YOTO  observance  worldwide.  In  addition  to  finding  out 
how  to  order  posters  and  flags  (free 
of  charge),  there's  also  links  to  web 
sites  dealing  with  almost  any  ocean 
category  you  can  imagine. 

Now  I know  military  web  sites 
can  be  ...  uh  ...  a bit  on  the  conser- 
vative side.  But  there  are  Navy 
webmasters  out  there  designing 
some  pretty  cool  sites.  One  in 
particular  belongs  to  Naval  Meteo- 
rology and  Oceanography  Com- 
mand (NMOC).  Type  in educate  and 

visit  NMOC' 




s educational  material.  Here  you  will  find 

Neptune's  Web,  a treasure  trove  of 
information  on  the  seas  and 

All  of  these  sites  have  one  thing 
in  common  with  that  magazine  I 
read  that  day  in  the  dentist's 
waiting  room  — the  information 
is  short  and  to  the  point.  No 
digging  through  a bunch  of  text  to 
get  the  facts  on  the  only  thing  that 
covers  the  world  better  than  the 
Internet  — the  ocean. 


Fflvorte*  Help 

® Q 

Address  (ej  hr 

Slstiii®  Hi  sil 

What  hasn't  been  blamed  on  El  Nino?  According  to 
folks  I've  talked  with,  every  weather  condition,  flu 
outbreak  and  car  malfunction  has  something  to  do  with 
this  mysterious  phenomenon 
taking  place  in  the  Pacific. 

But  what  do  you  really  know 
about  El  Nino?  Warmer  waters 
in  the  central  and  eastern  Pacific 
seems  to  be  the  explanation  on 
nightly  newscasts.  But  a bit  of 
cyber-research  lets  you  know 
that  there's  a lot  more  to  it  than 

For  instance,  El  Nino  reverses 
normal  seasonal  conditions  in 
many  parts  of  the  world  with 
significant  impact  on  the 
environment,  not  to  mention  the 
economies  of  many  nations. 

Check  out  the  National  Oceano- 
graphic and  Atmospheric 
Administration's  El  Nino  Theme 

and  you'll  find  the  answers  to  all 
your  El  Nino  questions.  Within 
this  site,  you'll  be  able  to  access 
reports  on  the  global  and 


];cy  H 
id) ! ! 



El  Nino  Theme  Page: 

Accessing  Distributed  Information  Related  to  El 

Tlie  Basin 

What  is  El  Nino1* 
Frequently  Asked  Questions 
Less  frequently  asked  questions 
; Imparts  of  El  Nmo  / Benefits  of  El  Nino  p 

What's  happening  now? 

1997-1998  El  Nino  Information 

What  is  NOAA  don 

£d 1 Jfevr  So  Favorites  H*fc 


■=>.-.©  ia  <a 

Back  Stop  Reftesh  Homo 

araeso  a ® a s c 

Search  Favor  lei  Htrtory  Ovarrrsti  Fuboeen  Med  FonU  Print  E 

1 Address  |«]  http  //www  coapi  Itu  edu/fc/ekwx*-*:/ 

: ::  j 

El  Nino  Resource  Center 

Please  email  \We 

tsobjtm  added  a (Us  list. 

■ d 1 =1*1  :f •7*17  ■ J =1 


Anomalies  & El  Niflo 

Going  to  affect  you? 

Theme  Pages 

Current  News  Sources  - w-n 

El  Nlfto  a Chile/ 

Newspaper  & Magazine  Articles 

Valparaiso  y A vulia 

Scientific  Publications  Online 

< oorvprlOn  -—y  (Tnlhin 
Pawn,  ^ Omrao 

- & 

Reports  - Research  Overview,  etc. 
Related  Newsletters,  Serial 
Reports,  etc. 

Movies  and  Animations 

regional  impact,  plus  an  explanation  of  El  Nino's 
colder  sister,  La  Nina. 

Looking  for  real  evidence  of  El  Nino's  presence? 

Cruise  over  to  Lowe's  Storm98 

El  Nino  page 

( )• 
Co-sponsored  by  the  Federal 
Emergency  Management 
Agency  (FEMA),  this  site  tells 
of  the  people  and  places  feeling 
the  brunt  of  El  Nino's  wrath. 
You'll  find  news  reports  and 
photos  on  storms  hitting  the 
west  coast,  as  well  facts  on  past 
El  Ninos. 

El  Nino  affects  all  of  us  in 
one  way  or  another.  It's  grip  on 
the  world's  weather  (and  our 
wallets)  will  continue  for  a 
while  yet.  These  and  other  sites 
will  help  you  discover  what  is 
really  going  on. 

By  the  way,  don't  try  explain- 
ing to  your  dentist  that  your 
ability  to  floss  has  been  severe- 
ly impacted  by  El  Nino  — it 
doesn't  work. 


APRIL  1998 


Seattle  Aquarium 

Point  Defiance 
and  Aquarium 
Tacoma,  Wash 

Monterey  Bay  Aquarium 
Monterey,  Calif. 

Steinhart  Aquarium 
San  Francisco 

R I wk  ifl 


National  Aquarium 


Ocean  Fact 



More  than  one-half  of  the 
U.S.  population  now  lives 
and  works  within  50  miles  of 
the  coastline. 

Belle  Isle  Aquarium  yr] 
Rtyal  Qak,  Mich. 

Aquarium  forVVildlife 

New  England  Aquarium 

.Mystic  Marinelife  Aquarium 
Mystic,  Conn. 


Sea  War  Id  of  Ohio\ 
Aurola,  Ohio 

New  Jersey  State  Aquarium 
Camden,  N.J. 

Indtepapolis  'loo 


Powrfft,  OhK 

Memphis  Zq 
and  AquaWim 
Memphis,  Thnn. 

Tennessee  AquariC 
ChattanAoga,  Tenn. 

'National  Aquarium 
Washington,  DC 

North  Carolina  Aquarium 
on  Roanoke  Island 
hV  Manteo,  N.C. 

North  Carolina  Aquarium 
at  Pine  Knoll  Shores 
Atlantic  Beach,  N.C. 

North  Carolina  Aquarium 
at  Fort  Fisher 
Kure  Beach,  N.C. 

Living  Seas 
Lak\Buena  Vista,  Fla. 

arium  of  the  Americas 
New  Orleans 

Florida  AquariumVv  KS 
Tampa,  Fla. 

Sea  World  of  Florida 
Orlando,  Fla. 

And  the 
answers  are .. 

Check  here  to  see  how  many 
sea  creatures  in  the  poster  on 
Page  18,  you  named  correctly. 

Tropical  or  Reef  Habitat: 

1 Reef  lobster 

2 Star  coral 

3 Tube  sponge 

4 Gorgonian 

5 Butterfly  fish 

6 Long-tentacled  anemone 

7 Brain  coral 

8 Boulder  coral 

9 Plate  coral 

10  Sea  grass 

11  Spotted  moray 

12  Butterfly  fish 

13  Rock  beauty 

14  Blue  spotted  ray 

15  Spotted  wobbegong 

16  Common  octopus 

17  Butterfly  fish 

18  Nassau  grouper 

19  Marine  iguana 

20  Potato  grouper 

21  Purple  sea  fan 

22  Common  clown  fish 

23  Cortez  garden  eel 

Temperate  Waters: 

24  Giant  kelp 

25  Leopard  shark 

26  Velvety  red  sponge 

27  Vase  sponge 

28  Northern  red  anemone 

29  Ochre  sea  star 

30  Serpent  star 

31  Garibaldi 

32  Striped  jack 

33  California  sheepshead 

34  Red  sea  urchin 

35  Sea  lion 

36  Port  Jackson  shark 

37  Troschel's  sea  star 

Open  Ocean: 

38  Ocean  sunfish 

39  Atlantic  manta 

40  Billfish 

41  Great  white  shark 

42  Sperm  whale 

43  Yellowfin  tuna 

44  Arrow  worm 

45  Blue  shark 

Polar  Waters: 

46  Lion's  mane  jellyfish 

47  Ice  fish 

48  Weddell  seal 

49  Ringed  seal 

50  Serpent  star 

51  Antarctic  cod 

52  Arctic  sea  spider 

53  Bat  star 

54  Long  tentacle  comb  jelly 

55  Antarctic  octopus 

56  Gurney's  sea  pens 

Deep  Sea: 

57  Sablefish 

58  Gulper  eel 

59  Deep  sea  squid 

60  Vampire  squid 

61  Oarfish 

62  Viperfish 

63  Deepsea  dragon  fish 

64  Rift  clam 

65  Deep  sea  tube  worms 

66  Vent  crab 

67  Tube  anemone 

68  Tube  sponges 

69  Giant  deep  sea  angler 

70  Giant  squid 

71  Rat  fish 

72  Japanese  spider  crab 

73  Deep  sea  jelly 

^bnsuuers  | ^ 

cean IQ 

1.  d - El  Nino  is  short  for  El  Nino  de 
Navidad  or  "the  Christ  Child"  because 
the  warm  water  shifts  happen  around 

2.  b - A bathythermograph  provides 
temperature  profile  data  (temperature  vs. 

3.  c - Tsunamis  are  incorrectly  assumed 
to  be  caused  by  tides.  Tsunamis  are 
actually  caused  by  underwater  distur- 
bances, such  as  an  earthquake  or 
volcanic  eruption. 

4.  d - Since  the  architecture  and  chemis- 
try of  coral  is  very  close  to  human  bone, 
it  has  been  used  in  bone  grafts.  It  also 
helps  human  bone  to  heal  quickly  and 

5.  a - (See  story  on  Page  36) 

6.  False  - It  is  true  of  latitude. 

7.  b 

8.  b - All  except  b are  currents,  the 
Shamal  is  a kind  of  wind  storm. 

9.  c - Waves  are  primarily  caused  by 

winds,  although  earthquakes,  volcanic 
eruptions  and  tides  may  cause  waves. 

10.  e - Oceanography  is  concerned  with 
knowledge  of  the  oceans  and  improved 
technology  based  on  that  knowledge. 
Meteorology  is  the  study  of  the  weather  and 
weather  forecasting.  Mapping,  charting  and 
geodesy  deal  with  surveys  measuring  water 
depths,  variations  of  the  Earth's  magnetic 
field,  gravity  anomalies  and  define  the  shape 
and  texture  of  the  ocean  floor. 

11.  c - Hurricanes  and  typhoons  are  alike  in 
origin,  structure  and  features.  The  names 
given  to  each  differ  based  on  the  area  of  the 
world  in  which  they  occur.  Hurricanes  occur 
mostly  in  the  Atlantic  whereas  typhoons  are 
found  in  the  Pacific.  Typhoons  occur  more 
often  than  hurricanes  and  are  often  longer 
and  more  intense. 

12.  True  - The  Marianas  Trench  is  more  than 
7,000  feet  deeper  than  the  height  of  Everest. 

13.  b 

14.  c - The  Exclusive  Economic  Zone  refers  to 
the  coastal  waters  extending  200  nautical 
miles  off  shore. 

15.  c - Observed  by  the  oiler  Ramapo  in  the 
Pacific  in  the  1930s. 

16.  a - These  hydrothermal  vents,  or 
fractures  in  the  sea  floor,  spew  sulfur 

17.  d - The  Beaufort  Scale  was  originally 
developed  as  a system  for  estimating 
wind  strengths  without  the  use  of 

18.  d - The  most  well-known  star  in  Ursa 
Minor  is  Polaris,  or  the  North  Star. 
Polaris  is  nearest  the  North  Celestial 
Pole.  If  you  stood  at  the  North  Pole,  the 
North  Star  would  be  almost  directly 
overhead.  When  you  measure  the  angle 
of  Polaris  above  the  horizon,  you  can 
determine  your  latitude. 

19.  c - At  certain  times  during  the  year, 
the  difference  between  high  and  low  tide 
in  the  Bay  of  Fundy  is  about  53  feet,  the 
equivalent  of  a three-story  building. 

20.  b - That's  why  sonar  is  the  system  of 
choice  for  finding  submarines. 

21.  b - The  Hoplostethus  atlanticus,  or 
orange  roughy,  is  considered  to  be  the 
fish  with  the  lowest  fat  content.  The  oils 
extracted  from  the  fish  are  used  in 
making  commercial  shampoos. 

Any  Day  in  the  Navy  1998 

Any  day  of  the  week  of  May  4-10  is  a typical  day  in  the  Navy.  That’s  why  it’s  so  important  to  us. 

Wanted  are  quality  photographs  that  capture 

Sailors,  Marines,  Navy  civilians,  Naval  Reserv- 
ists and  family  members  performing  daily  tasks, 
interacting  with  each  other  and/or  otherwise  contributing 
to  mission  accomplishment.  The  shoot  has  been  extend- 
ed to  encompass  an  entire 
week  to  allow  commands 
more  flexibility.  Selected 
photos  will  be  published  in 
the  October  1998  issue  of 
All  Hands. 

Photographs  taken 
should  reflect  the  diversity  of 
both  people  and  capabilities 
in  the  U.S.  Navy  and  must 
be  shot  during  the  week  of 
Monday,  May  4 through 
Sunday,  May  10,  1998. 

Photos  depicting  safety  or 
uniform  violations  will  not  be 
considered.  The  best  shots 
tend  to  be  candid  and 
unrehearsed,  displaying  the 
imagination  and  creativity  of 
the  photographer. 

Submissions  must 
include  full  credit  and 
cutline  information,  includ- 
ing: full  name,  rank,  duty 
station  and  phone  number 
of  the  photographer;  the 
names  and  hometowns  of 
identifiable  people  in  the 

photos;  details  on  what’s  happening  and  where  the 
photos  were  taken.  Captions  must  be  attached  individual- 
ly to  each  photo  or  each  slide. 

Photos  must  be  processed  and  received  (not  post- 
marked) by  All  Hands  by  May  30,  1 998.  Photos  will  not  be 

returned.  Submit  pro- 
cessed and  mounted 
color  slides,  or  quality 
color  prints,  either  5X7  or 
8X10.  Digital  images  will 
also  be  accepted.  Just 
mail  a zip  disk  containing 
the  high  resolution  JPEG 
images  with  cutlines  and 
photo  credits  embedded. 
Zip  disks  will  not  be 
returned.  You  may  also 
download  high  resolution 
JPEG  images  directly  to 
the  News  Photo  Division 
of  CHINFO  by  dialing 
(703)  521-1370  or  (703) 
521-1713.  Mark  all 
images  as  “Any  Day 

Mail  submissions  to: 
Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division, 
ATTN:  All  Hands,  Photo 
Editor,  NAVSTAAnacos- 
tia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.  20373-5819. 

Photocopy  this  form  and  attach  a completed  copy  to  each  photo  you  submit. 


Full  name: 


Duty  station  (including  mailing  address  and  phone  number):  


Where  photograph  was  shot:  _ 

Caption  (what  the  photo  depicts): 

People  in  the  photo  (include  first  and  last  names,  ranks/ratings,  warfare  designators  and  hometowns): 


'7  arel  from  *he  Flee, 

>e:  Seaman  Christopher  S.  Roath  * 

3,  De?  MKP6°SNLal' AmphibfoSP°RSal  Mobile 
3iego.  amphibious  Base  Coronado 

Jtown:  Tampa,  Fla. 

ite  Duty  Station  SOD  Mobile  Unit  3 
te  Quote:  “Seize  the  day.” 

Success-  “i\i& 

anwh'90  fUl1  achieve  ft  I?®1'  h°W  hard  F 
anything  you  want.  ’’  1 lf  you  w°h<  hard 

1 want  to  finish  m 
mission,  become 

Psychology,  get 
1 Psychology 

* 1 1 ■ 

» - 


1 ' A 

m j*.  r „ — ^ 

sf,  i 

* ij*  - ^ 



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14  Raising  the  bar 

LTJG  Christine  Stancliffe,  the  Navy's  female 
Athlete  of  the  Year,  looks  at  the  road  to  the 

2 Seau  says  how 

San  Diego  Chargers  Linebacker,  Junior  Seau, 
talks  to  Sailors  about  fitness  and  mental  prepa- 

16  Health  Hints 

Don't  be  a couch  potato!  Take  a close  look  at 
easy  ways  to  stay  fit,  trim  and  active. 

4 Home  Run 

Whether  you're  an  accomplished  athlete  or  just 
like  to  compete,  the  Navy  Sports  Program  may 
be  for  you. 

8 I want  muscles 

Bill  Nye  the  Science  Guy  takes  a look  at  your 
heart  and  explains  how  to  keep  it  healthy. 

20  Hit  it  Hard 

Tennis  Pro,  Nick  Bollettieri,  and  pro  tennis 
player  Tommy  Haas  share  fitness  strategies. 

22  A look  behind  the  legend 

The  mental  and  physical  toughness  of  the  Navy 
SEAL  is  forged  the  old-fashioned  way  — hard 
work  and  sweat. 



On  Line  r 

Chedk  us  oat  at ...  .iiHWHuilL1! 

12  Navy  Corpsman  is  a triple  threat 

The  Navy's  male  Athlete  of  the  Year  discusses 
how  he  got  to  where  he  is  today. 

24  Olympic  hopefuls 

They  have  excelled  in  different  sports,  but  these 
Sailors  hope  to  carry  home  gold  in  2000. 





48  Shipmates 



1 5^  ' . 

tije  pMnc 

30  PRT  changes  hit  the  fleet 

Find  out  what  the  changes  mean  to  you. 

32  Tackle  your  tension 

Intramural  sports  offer  Sailors  a variety  of  good, 
wholesome  fun  and  great  ways  to  let  off  steam. 


36  Going  the  distance 

BM2  Michael  Morton  discovered  the  ultramara- 
thon and  hasn't  quit  yet. 

38  Health  and  Fitness  Challenge 

Take  this  short  quiz  and  see  if  you're  the  picture 
of  health  you  think  you  are. 

40  “ Fire  when  ready!” 

When  the  smoke  cleared  at  the  Battle  of  Manila 
Bay,  Commodore  Dewey  was  victorious  — and 
the  United  States  was  a presence  to  be  reckoned 
with  in  the  Western  Pacific. 

W ■' 

40  CyberSailor 
42  Eye  on  the 
44  Around  the 
46  Charthouse 

San  Diego  Chargers 
Linebacker  Junior 
dances  after  sacking  ! 
quarterback  during ; 
matchup  against  the-  - - 

Tampa  Bay  Buccaneers. 
Check  out  what  Seau  has 
to  say  about  sports  and  - 
fitness  in  an  All  Hands- 
exclusive  on  Page  2. 

Photo  by  Paul  Spinelli. 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
All  Hands  Art  Director 
JOCS  Cary  Casola 
All  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
J01  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 
William  E.  Beamon 
Joe  Barsin 

JOI  Siegfried  Bruner 
DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 
DMSN  Michael  Noeth 

Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002- 
5577)  (Number  972)  is  published  monthly  by 
Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division, 

Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S. 
Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373- 
5819.  Periodical-class  postage  is  paid  at 
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Postmaster:  Send  address  changes  to  All 
Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia, 
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Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and 
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Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy 
has  determined  this  publication  is  necessary 
in  the  transaction  of  business  required  by  law 
of  the  Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for 
printing  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee. 

San  Diego  Chargers  Linebacker  Junior  Seau  talks  to 
Sailors  about  fitness  and  mental  preparation 

fnere  are  many  demands  that  are  put  on  every 
person  to  do  his  or  her  job.  In  my  sport  of 
professional  football,  staying  fit  is  one  of  the  most 
demanding  things  I do. 

It  begins  with  determination,  pride,  drive  and  the 
ability  to  work  within  one's  self.  And  in 
the  Navy,  I know  preparation  for  the 
physical  demands  are  of  significant 

Weight  training  is  one  of  my  passions.  I 
take  it  very  seriously.  I want  to  be  the  best 
at  everything  I do.  Therefore,  the  time  I 
put  into  strength  training  is  as  important 
as  if  I was  making  a game-winning  tackle. 

I know  firsthand  that  weight  lifting  will 
reduce  the  risk  of  serious  injury.  It  allows 
me  to  develop  and  maximize  the  strength 
of  all  parts  of  my  body  and  has  prolonged 
my  career.  It  makes  me  the  best  linebacker 
I can  be  everyday  I walk  on  to  the  field, 
whether  it's  for  practice  or  games. 

I have  seen  how  hard  each  one  of  you 
work.  Every  day  is  a game  day  for  you.  If  I can  give  you 
one  piece  of  advice,  use  that  weight  room  whether  you're 
on  land  or  sea.  It  will  prepare  you  for  the  physical 
demands  that  are  required  to  stay  at  the  top. 

When  it  comes  to  the  mental  preparation  for  football, 
like  the  Navy,  studying  your  opponent  is  of  utmost 

importance.  I take  this  very  seriously.  I'm  always  looking 
at  game  videos  of  the  opposing  offenses  and  the  people  I 
might  have  to  face  on  Sunday.  I study  what  they  do  in 
certain  situations. 

For  example,  our  opponents  may  align  themselves  in  a 
certain  formation  in  a given  situation  and 
perhaps  tip  a play.  At  that  point,  it  is  up  to 
me  to  recognize  it  and  try  to  put  our 
defense  in  a position  so  we  can  aggressive- 
ly attack  and  win  the  battle  on  that  play.  I 
usually  will  look  at  the  opponent's  last 
four  or  five  games  to  become  familiar  with 
what  their  coaches  are  thinking  as  it 
relates  to  downs  and  distances. 

Before  each  game,  as  part  of  our  prepa- 
ration, our  coaches  put  together  a game 
plan  and  film.  I study  these  and  tie  them 
in  with  practice  each  day  leading  up  to 
gameday.  All  of  this  ensures  I'm  mentally 
familiar  with  both  the  opponents'  and  our 
own  game  plan  before  kickoff.  By  prepar- 
ing this  way,  it  gives  me  confidence.  I 
know  we  have  taken  all  possible  measures  to  prepare 
ourselves  for  our  rivals  on  Sundays  at  1 p.m. 

I wish  all  of  you  the  best  of  luck  in  your  careers  and 
thank  you  for  taking  great  pride  in  our  country!  £ 

Seau  is  an  all-pro  linebacker  for  the  San  Diego  Chargers. 

Photos  courtesy  of  San  Diego  Chargers. 



vviiuii  n uumes  iu  me 

mental  preparation  for 
football,  like  the  Navy, 
studying  your  opponent 
is  of  utmost  importance. 
■ Junior  Seau 

MAY  1998 


. Wj0L 

o you  eat,  drink  and  breathe  sports?  Is 
| finding  the  gym  or  joining  a league  the 
first  thing  you  do  when  you  arrive  at  a 
new  command? 

Well,  whether  you're  an  accomplished  athlete  or 
just  like  the  idea  of  competing,  the  Navy  Sports 
Program  (NSP)  may  be  the  thing  for  you. 

The  NSP  is  an  extension  of  the  base-level  sports 
program.  "It  gives  top  athletes  who  compete  in 
intramurals  the  opportunity  to  compete  beyond  that 
level,"  said  John  Hickok,  director  of  the  program. 
"In  some  instances  it  gives  them  the  opportunity  to 
compete  beyond  the  regional  level,  and  even  allows 

some  people  to  go  on  to  Armed  Forces  competitions, 
both  nationally  and  internationally." 

Any  active-duty  Sailor  or  member  of  the  selective 
reserve  may  participate  in  the  NSP,  which  has  14 
sports  teams  that  compete  at  the  college  level  and 
above.  Sailors  can  start  at  the  intramural  level  and 
work  their  way  to  an  All-Navy  team,  but  prior 
experience  at  the  base  level  is  not  required. 

To  try  out  simply  visit  your  base's  athletic  direc- 
tor and  request  an  application.  "When  filling  it  out, 
talk  about  specific  events  and  names  of  references 
that  NSP  can  check  on,"  said  Hickok.  "The  best 
references  are  those  people  who  have  played  on  an 


Participating  in  the  NSP  takes  a 
high  degree  of  dedication  and 
professionalism  because,  as  with  all 
Navy  programs,  being  a Sailor 
comes  first.  NSP  athletes  . 

All-Navy  team  in  that  • 


Every  application  is  °o 

reviewed,  regardless  of  the 
Sailor's  background  and 
experience.  "To  be  competitive 
you  really  need  to  be  playing  all 
the  time  at  some  level  to  maintain 
your  skills,"  said  Hickok.  The  lucky 
ones  will  be  offered  a trip  to  training 
camp,  where  they  will  be  evaluated 
by  the  coaching  staff. 

Those  who  make  the  cut  will 
represent  the  Navy  at  the  Armed 
Forces  Championship.  At  the  conclu- 
sion of  the  tournament,  officials  will 
select  an  all-star  team  which  will  go 
on  to  the  national  championships  or 
the  Conseile  International  Du  Sports 
Militaire  (CISM),  which  is  an  interna- 
tional military  championship  second 
in  size  only  to  the  Olympics. 

The  cost  of  sending  athletes  and 
their  coaches  to  these  events  is  cov- 
ered by  the  Bureau  of  Naval  Person- 
nel. "There  is  no  out-of-pocket  ex- 
penses for  commands  to  send  one  of 
their  Sailors,"  said  Hickok.  "It  only 
really  costs  the  command  time  when 
the  Sailor  is  away  at  training  camp." 


must  balance  their  everyday  duties 
with  a demanding  practice  schedule. 
But,  NSP  gives  Sailors  with  an 
athletic  talent  the  opportunity  to  use 
it  — while  on  active  duty. 

So,  if  you've  got  what  it  takes  to 
represent  the  Navy,  visit  your 
athletic  director  and  pick  up  an 
application  for  the  Navy  Sports 
Program.  Just  do  it! 

For  more  information  on 
the  Navy  Sports  Program 
call  your  local  Athletic 
Director  or  check  out 



Forward,  U.S.  Women  s Ice  Hockey  Team 
Gold  Medalist,  1998  Glympic  Games 
Nagano,  Japan 

What  inspired  you  to  get  involved  in 

A “I  watched  my  older  brother  play 
hockey  when  I was  young,  but 
Minnesota  rinks  are  much  too 
cold  to  be  a spectator  for  an  entire  winter. 
Also,  since  I was  already  at  the  rink,  my  dad 
thought  the  best  way  to  keep  an  eye  on  me 
was  to  have  me  on  the  ice.  There’s  really 
nothing  better  than  being  a part  of  a team  and 
reaching  a common  goal  together.” 

What  types  of  fitness/conditioning 
training  do  you  use  to  prepare  for  your 

“The  best  way  to 
condition  for  ice  hockey 
is  to  be  on  the  ice  every  day,  but  since  that 
isn’t  always  possible,  I do  as  much  training  as 
I can  outdoors  at  high  elevation  — running, 
hiking,  mountain  biking.” 



You  have  muscles  all  over  your  body  / m 
that  help  you  move  around.  Some  of  /■ 
them  you  can  control,  like  the  ones  in 
your  arms.  Some  of  them  you  can't,  like  the  ones 
that  make  your  stomach  growl.  But  there's  one 
group  of  muscles  that's 
<TI\  N always  working  - all  the 

\ j time.  You  can't  see  them, 

but  without  them  you 
rv  | I can't  go  anywhere  or  do 
Xki  / anything.  They  are  the  mus- 
\ 11  cles  that  make  up  your  heart. 

f\  / § Your  heart  is  about  the  size 

fist  and  it 

ot  your 

carries  a lot  of 
It's  the  pump 
i that  keeps 

\ you  going 

\ and  going, 

k 1 even  when 

\ I you  sleep. 

Vlu  Your  heart 

\K  pushes 

1\  ' blood  all 

1 \ through 

1 ' your  body, 

and  its  job 
is  to  keep  the 
blood  in  motion, 
sending  it  in  two 
directions  every 
time  it  beats. 


, * To  send  blood  two 

\ f/T  . ways  at  once,  your 

heart  has  two  sides. 
f % Each  side  has  two  parts  or 
\ JL  chambers.  Altogether 
\ \\\  we've  got  four  chambers. 

* If  * I The  two  chambers 

-gsk.  ,p§L  1 M;  I down  at  the  bottom  are 

M \ \ \ 4 mM  called  ventricles,  from 

vwi  %%  1 an  Lafin  word  that 

vV  ay/  means  "belly."  These  are 
the  bellies  of  your  heart. 

Above  each  belly  or  ventri- 
cle, is  a chamber  called  the 
atrium,  from  an  old  Latin  word  that  means  "main 
room."  In  olden  days,  when  guests  came  into  a 
house,  the  first  room  they  visited  was  the  atrium. 
When  the  blood  comes  back  to  the  heart,  it  comes 
to  the  atrium. 

Now,  to  make  the  circulation  work,  your  heart 
has  valves,  sort  of  like  gates  between  the  top  and 
bottom  chambers.  Valves  keep  the  blood  flowing 
in  one  direction.  Without  valves,  the  pump  won't 
work.  It's  a cycle.  Every  time  your  heart  pumps, 
blood  leaves  your  left  ventricle  and  goes  up  to 
your  system.  Then  it  comes  back  to  your  right 
atrium  and  goes  down  to  your  right  ventricle,  then 
it's  back  up  to  your  lungs  and  to  your  left  atrium 
and  then  down  again  to  your  left  ventricle.  It  hap- 
pens all  day,  all  the 

striated  MuscLes 

They're  a combination  of  smooth 
and  striated  muscles.  Heart  mus- 
cles  don't  get  tired,  they're  very 
strong  and  work  naturally.  Only 
cardiac  muscles  cells  can  contract 
on  their  own.  They  have  the  ability 
to  start  and  transmit  their  own 
electrical  impulses  to  contract. 

sinoatrial  fsiNe-oh-fl-tree-aQ 

On  the  right  side  of  your  heart  wall  there's  a patch  of 
nerves  that  sends  an  electrical  signal  to  your  heart  and 
makes  it  pump,  pump,  pump  - all  day  and  all  night. 
These  nerves  are  your  natural  pacemaker,  or  your  sinoa- 
trial nerves.  The  pacemaker  acts  like  spark  plugs  to 
ignite  each  heartbeat,  stimulating  the  muscles  in  the 

atria  to  contract  and  set- 
ting off  a second  con- 
centration of  cells 
which  stimu- 
lates the 
to  contract. 

They're  called  striations  or 
stripes.  When  these  muscles 
move,  they  contract.  They  move 
together  like  pieces  of  tubing. 
Striated  muscles  are  called  skele- 
tal muscles  because  they  make 
your  skeleton  move. 

These  muscles  slowly  contract. 
They  can  stay  contracted  a long 
time,  but  they  don't  pull  as  hard 
or  as  quickly  as  the  powerful 
muscles  in  your  arms.  They 
hardly  ever  get  tired  and  are  as 
tight  as  a hose.  Both  smooth  and 
skeletal  muscles  cells  will  con- 
tract only  when  our  nervous 
system  commands  them  to  do  so. 

The  Pitter-Patter 

The  normal  heart  beats  anywhere  from  60  to  100  beats  per  minute  while  at  rest.  For 
example,  when  you're  sleeping,  your  body  doesn't  need  as  much  oxygen,  so  your 
heartbeat  is  lower.  But  when  you're  scared,  excited  or  doing  intense  exercises,  your 
heartbeat  speeds  up.  It's  your  body  sending  a message  to  your  heart  saying,  "pump 

more  blood."  Scientists  call  this  "the  fight  or  flight"  response. 

MAY  1 998 


83%  of  anglers 
fish  for 

You  can  make  your  heart  muscles  stronger  by  exercising  them.  So  try  walking, 
running,  jumping,  hiking,  diving,  leaping,  swimming  or  riding  a bike.  When  you 
do  intense  exercises,  the  heart  pumps  much  faster  and  squeezes  about  seven  times 
as  much  blood  all  around 
2 body.  When  you're  sitting 
«i  chatting,  blood  is  still  being 
pumped  to  your  brain  by  your  heart.  If 
you  stand  up  real  fast,  some  of  the  blood  stays  down  in 
your  legs  and  your  feet  and  you  can  feel  light-headed 
or  even  faint  — like  when  you're  on  a roller  coaster. 

£ eating 

Eating  too  much  makes  us  gain 
weight  and  gain  body  mass.  And 
then  your  blood  has  to  travel  a lot 
further  every  time  it 
pumps  around  your  body. 

One  way  to  lessen 
your  body  fat  is  to  watch 
what  you  eat  and  count 
those  grams  of  fat  and 

We  all  need  some  fat. 

We've  got  fat  in  our  feet,  hands,  nerves  and  brains.  Even  our  heart  has  a little 
fat  padding  around  it.  But  too  much  fat,  especially  animal  fat,  can  be  bad.  Watch 
out  for  the  greasy  french  fries,  cheeseburgers,  butter,  ice  cream  or  bacon  because 
this  stuff  can  end  up  inside  your  blood  vessels.  Eat  foods  like  vegetables,  beans, 
grains  and  non-fat  dairy  products.  They're  all  foods  without  a lot  of  fat  and 
they're  easy  on  the  heart. 


"I'm  thinking  about  exercises  to 
strengthen  my  heart  muscles." 


When  you're  overweight,  your 
work  harder.  You  need  more  oxygen  and 
energy  to  move  around,  so  your  heart 
pump  more  blood.  Try  this  test:  Jump 
about  a minute  and  then  check  your  heart 
rate.  Next,  put  about  10  extra 
pounds  in  a bookbag  and 
strap  it  on.  Start  jumping 
rope.  Test  your  heart  rate 
again.  It  should  be  faster 
than  it  was  before. 

Normally  your  blood  flows  right  through  your  blood  vessels,  like  water  through  a pipe.  Every  once  in 
a while,  you  might  injure  yourself,  so  your  blood  vessel  springs  a leak.  When  that  happens,  you  see  blood.  Your  blood 
carries  special  proteins  that  stick  to  the  sharp  cut  edges  of  your  torn  vessel  and  form  a blood  clot.  This  type  of  blood 
clot  is  good  because  it  helps  your  body  to  heal.  If  you  happen  to  have  a large  deposit  of  fat  and  the  blood  clot  sticks  to 
the  fat,  then  your  blood  can't  flow  freely  through  your  vessel  and  everything  gets  jammed.  It  sets  off  a chain  reaction. 

The  muscles  downstream  can't  get  enough  oxygen.  If  it  happens  to  be  a blood  vessel  leading  to 
your  heart,  it  can  give  you  a heart  attack.  Blood  clots  can  be  bad,  so  don't 
take  in  too  much  fat  or  cholesterol. 

Is  as  big  as  your  fist 

From  birth  to  old  age,  the  heart 
beats  about  2.5  billion  times. 

Weighs  less  than  one  pound 

Your  heart  is  a busy  pump  linked 
by  100,000  miles  of  pipeline  to  all  parts 
of  the  body. 

Beats  about  70  times  a minute,  and 
more  than  100,000  times  in  a single  day. 

Pumps  5 quarts  of  blood  through  its  chambers 
every  60  seconds. 

Does  enough  work  in  one  hour  to  lift 
a weight  of  1 1/2  short  ton  off  the  ground 

Compiled  by  Patricia  Oladiende,  a staff  writer  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

MAY  1998 

Story  by  J02  Rich  Henson  and 
photos  by  PH2  Ted  Banks 

hether  he's  racing  to 
save  lives  in  the 
emergency  room  or 
racing  against  the 
clock  on  the  track,  in  the  pool  or 
on  the  road.  Hospital  Corpsman 
3rd  Class  (Fleet  Marine  Force) 
Harold  K.  Montford  takes  his 
work  seriously. 

For  the  24-year-old  Sailor  and 
triathlete  from  Panama 
City,  Fla.,  staying  com- 
petitive means  staying 
in  shape. 

Montford's  dedication 
and  commitment  to 
physical  fitness  earned 
him  the  distinction  of 
being  named  1997 
Armed  Forces  Athlete  of 
the  Year. 

Montford's  competi- 
tive resume  is  impres- 
sive: gold  medal,  1997 
Conseil  Internationale 
du  Sport  Militaire  World 
Championship,  Karachi, 

Pakistan;  gold 
medal,  1997  Torii 
Station  Triathlon, 
Okinawa,  Japan; 
bronze  medal,  1997 
Armed  Forces 
Triathlon,  Camp 
Lejeune,  N.C. 

desire  to  stay 
competitive  keeps 
him  in  top  physical 
form.  "I  just  like  to 
compete.  Setting 
goals  and  reaching 
them  is  like  a 

natural  high  for  me." 

Montford's  day  begins  at  5 
a.m.  with  a pre-dawn  run  before 
reporting  for  duty.  After  lunch 
he  hits  the  pavement  on  his 
custom-built  racing  bike  and  his 
evenings  are  spent  swimming 
laps  or  lifting  weights. 

Such  an  intense  workout 
schedule  burns  a lot  of  energy, 
so  proper  diet  is  one  thing 
Montford  never  compromises. 
"I'm  a big  believer  in  nutrition.  I 
supplement  my  diet  after  each 
workout,  so  my  muscles  have  the 
protein  they  need  to  repair 

' f m 



Preparation  and  planning  play  a big 
part  in  Montford's  life,  whether  it's  on 
the  job  or  in  competition.  "Goal  setting 
is  as  important  to  success  as  hard-work. 
Not  only  do  you  have  to  be  physically 
prepared,  you  have  to  be  mentally  ready 
as  well.  Set  your  goals  high  and  go  for 

Montford  believes  strongly  in  the 

(benefits  of  good  physical  fitness  and  a 
healthy  lifestyle,  especially  in  relation 
to  the  daily  rigors  of  the  naval  service. 
"Being  in  the  military,  you  never  know 
what  you  might  be  asked  to  do.  So 
everyone  should  be  physically  ready. 

We  are  also  under  a lot  of  stress  and 
exercise  is  the  perfect  way  to  deal  with 

Though  Montford  has  met  many  of 
his  personal  goals  for  1997,  he  is  quick 
to  point  out  that  the  best  is  yet  to  come. 
He  has  his  sights  set  on  the  ultimate 
goal,  Olympic  Gold  in  2000!  Every  day 
of  training  brings  him  closer  to  his 
dream  of  a trip  to  the  Summer  Games  in 
Sydney,  Australia.  "They  say  'Dreams 
are  only  limited  by  your  imagination,' 
and  I dream  about  the  Olympics  every 
night  so  don't  count  me  out."  £ 

Henson  and  Banks  are  assigned  to  the  Navy 
Public  Affairs  Center,  San  Diego 

Story  by 

PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

The  year  was  1976  and 
Olympic  world-class 
Decathlete  Bruce  Jenner  had 
just  won  the  gold  medal  at  the 
summer  Olympics  in  Montreal, 
Canada.  A young  girl  from 
Bakersfield,  Calif.,  watched  on  a 
small  television  as  he  took  his 
historic  victory  lap,  the  U.S.  flag 
draped  over  his  shoulders.  It  was 
at  that  moment  she  knew.  She 
would  one  day  be  a part  of  the 
Olympic  dream. 

"I  didn't  know  how.  I didn't 
know  when.  I didn't  know  what 
I was  going  to  do,  but  I was 
going  [to  the  Olympics],"  re- 
called LTJG  Christine  R.  Stanc- 
liff,  now  working  as  a physical 
education  instructor  and  assis- 
tant track-and-field  coach  at  the 
U.S.  Naval  Academy,  Annapolis, 

Stancliff,  selected  1997  Navy 
Female  Athlete  of  the  Year  by 
the  U.S.  Military  Sports  Associa- 
tion, owes  much  of  her  success 
in  athletics  to  her  naval  experi- 
ence. "I  firmly  believe  that  being 
in  the  Navy  has  helped  me.  This 
is  what  I needed  — the  organi- 
zation," said  the  34-year-old 

Stancliff  has  ranked  in  the 


Christine  Standi 

top  15  for  female  javelin  throwers  in  the  United 
States  since  1991  and  placed  4th  at  the  National 
Track  and  Field  Competition  in  Sacramento,  Calif., 
in  1995.  She  is  currently  ranked  5th  in  the  nation 
and  has  qualified  for  a spot  at  the  U.S.  Olympic 
trials  in  1996,  despite  beginning  1997  with  knee 
surgery  to  remove  a bone  spur.  With  tremendous 
willpower  and  strength,  Stancliff  overcame  incredi- 
ble odds  just  to  compete  at  the  Armed  Forces  Track 
and  Field  Championship  in  Port  Hueneme,  Calif. 
But,  she  did  far  more  than  that.  She  captured  a gold 
in  the  javelin,  shot  put  and  high  jump,  and  a silver 
in  the  discus.  In 
earned  15  of 
the  17 
scored  by 
the  wom- 
en's team. 


with  all  her 
athletic  achieve- 
ments, Stancliff 
considers  herself 
more  than  just  an 
athlete.  She  is  a role 
model  for  kids, 
volunteering  in  her 
spare  time  at  the 
local  4-H  Club. 

1998  should  prove 

MAY  1998 

to  be  an  exciting  season  for  Stancliff.  First  she  will 
travel  to  Camp  Pendleton,  Calif.,  for  the  Armed 
Forces  Track  and  Field  Championship,  then  she'll 
compete  at  the  U.S.  Nationals  in  Baton  Rouge,  La., 
where  she  hopes  to  finish  in  the  top  three  to  qualify 
for  the  U.S.  Olympic  Team. 

How  does  this  Olympic  hopeful  feel  about  her 
future?  She  smiles  as  she  remembers  her  childhood 
dream,  which  is  so  very  close  to  becoming  a reality. 
"I'm  very  excited,  very  hopeful  and  very  positive."  £ 

Gonzalez  is  a photographer's  mate  for  All  Hands. 

all,  Stancliff 

I didn't  know  how,  I 
didn't  know  when . / 

mgidn't  know  what  I 
I jQwas  going  to  do, 

. 1a w w 1 m mw  wm  www  wm.  S m wmw  f & jw* 

put  I was  going  [to 


Hey!  Get  off  that  scale! 

Carrying  a few  extra  pounds  of  body 
weight  may  be  less  harmful  than 
"yo-yo"  dieting!  The  cycle  of  repeat- 
edly losing  and  gaining  weight  can 
make  weight  management  more  difficult  in 
the  long  run.  It  can  also  lead  to  poor  self- 
esteem, eating  disorders  and  heart  disease. 

Weight  cycling  often  comes  from  quick- 
fix  diets  and  other  weight-loss  gimmicks. 

The  weight  rarely  stays  off  and  when  it  comes  back,  it 
brings  with  it  feelings  of  frustration  and  failure. 

Without  physical  activity,  each  time  the  dieter  sheds  a 
few  pounds,  he  or  she  loses  lean  body  mass,  along  with 
body  fat.  When  the  diet  ends  and  the  pounds  go  back  on, 
they  are  mostly  fat,  which  burns  less  energy  than  muscle. 
Each  time  the  cycle  repeats  itself,  the  dieter  finds  it  harder 
to  lose  weight.  And  the  pattern  of  "failure,  success,  fail- 
ure" can  really  do  a number  on  the  psyche,  making  it 
harder  and  harder  to  try  again. 

If  the  repeated  ups  and  downs  of  dieting  describe  your 
weight  problem,  shift  your  approach  to  management.  You 
can  break  the  cycle.  Go  for  long-term  changes,  rather  than 
short-term  fixes. 

Change  what  you 
eat,  the  way  you  eat, 
your  activity  level 
and  your  lifestyle. 

It's  the  only  way  to 
be  healthy — for  life. 


For  athletic  performance,  your  body 
composition  may  be  more  important 
than  your  weight,  unless  you  com- 
pete in  a weight  category.  That7  s true 
even  if  you're  not  an  athlete.  Health  risks  go  up  as  the 
proportion  of  body  fat  increases.  A lean,  muscular  body 
has  benefits  beyond  athletics  and  good  looks — it's  a 
quality  of  overall  fitness. 

For  non-athletes,  body  fat  levels  of 
15  to  18  percent  for  men,  and  20  to 
25  percent  for  women  are  considered 
acceptable.  Body  fat  levels  below  4 
percent  for  men  and  10  percent  for 
women  suggest  an  eating  disorder.  According  to  the 
Institute  of  Medicine,  obesity  is  defined  as  more  than  25 
percent  body  fat  for  men  and  more  than  30  percent  for 

What' s healthy  for  athletes?  Male 
athletes  typically  have  body  fat 
values  of  5 to  12  percent;  female  ath- 
letes, 10  to  20  percent.  The  difference 
depends  on  the  sport  and  position 
within  a specific  sport. 

If  you  want  to  know  your  body  composition,  check 
with  a trained  health  professional.  Health  professionals 
use  specialized  techniques,  such  as 
skinfold  measurements,  underwater 
weighing  and  bioelectrical  imped- 
ance (done  with  a computer).  You  < i ^ 

can't  get  an  accurate  body  fat  mea- 
surement  on  your  own. 



Every  Day  Ways  to  Get  Moving ! 

Do  you  find  it  difficult  to  fit  30  minutes  of  physical  activity  into  your  day?  Here's  10  ways 
you  can  boost  your  fitness  level  just  by  doing  every  day  activities  with  a little  more  vigor. 
Most  take  little,  if  any,  extra  time  and  they  will  all 
get  you  moving! 

Take  the  stairs!  Why  use 
the  elevator  or  escalator  when 
walking  up  stairs  is  a great 
heart  exerciser  and 
calorie  burner! 

2 ® Park  at  the  far 
end  of  the  parking  lot. 
Get  off  the  bus  a stop 
ahead.  Walk  to  work  or 
ride  a bike. 

<3  Walk  around  your  build- 
ing during  your  lunch  hour  or  coffee  break.  You'll 
burn  energy  rather  than  being  tempted  to  nibble 
on  a snack. 

4-  Push  your  lawn  mower  instead  of  using  the 
power-assisted  drive.  Skip  the  snow  blower;  shovel 
your  sidewalk  by  hand. 

3 Plant  a garden.  Grow  fresh 
vegetables  and  herbs  if  you  can.  In  the 
fall,  rake  leaves. 

Don't  be  a couch  potato! 

While  you  watch 
television,  do  household 
chores  or  projects:  mop 
the  kitchen  floor,  refin- 
ish a piece  of  furni- 
ture or  workout. 

£ « Clean  the  house.  Wash  the  windows, 
vacuum  or  shampoo  the  carpet,  scrub  the  bathtub, 
clean  out  the  garage  or  basement,  sweep  the  sidewalk. 
You'd  be  surprised  how  good  a sweat  you  can  work 
up  doing  chores  around  the  house. 

Forget  the  drive-through  carwash.  Wash  the  car 
yourself.  You'll  burn  calories  and  save  money! 

Are  you  a computer  user?  Allot  yourself  at  least 
five  minutes  of  exercise  for  every  hour  spent  at  the 

10.  Plan  an  active  family  vacation  or  weekend 
outing.  Don't  just  sit  on  a beach!  Go  canoeing,  hiking 
or  snow  skiing. 

MAY  1998 



TCicU  and  'tytotl 

Do  you  or  your  kids  have  a case  of 
the  after-school  munchies?  Try  these 
healthful,  no-cook  snacks.  They're  easy 
and  fun  to  make,  and  depending  on 
your  child's  age,  require  little  or  no 
adult  supervision. 

Stated  Cut  raw  vegetables  or  fruit 

into  chunks.  Skewer  them  onto  thin  pretzel  sticks. 

(Hint:  To  prevent  discoloration,  dip  apples,  bananas  or  pears 
in  orange  or  lemon  juice  after  cutting.) 

*l/e^i€A  wttH  Cut  celery,  zucchini,  cucumbers  or 
carrots  into  sticks  or  coins.  Then  dip  them  into  prepared 
salsa  or  lowfat  dip. 

‘Pop*.  Peel  a banana.  Dip  it  in  yogurt,  roll  it  in 
crushed  breakfast  cereal  and  freeze. 

^uUt  Put  1/2  cup  lowfat 

fruit  yogurt  and  1/2  cup  cold  fruit  juice  in 
a non-breakable,  covered  container.  Make 
sure  the  lid  is  tight.  Then  shake  it  up,  and 
pour  into  a cup. 

Pudding  SdeUceA.  Use  the  same  technique  for  making 
fruit  shake-ups,  but  instead  mix  1/2  cup  cold  milk  with 
3 tablespoons  of  instant  pudding. 

Sandwich  Using  cookie  cut- 

ters with  fun  shapes — like  dinosaurs, 
stars  and  hearts — cut  slices  of  cheese, 
meat  and  whole-grain  bread.  Then  put 
them  together  to  make  fun  sandwiches. 

Eat  the  edges,  too. 

Peanutt  ^utCcn  Mix  peanut  butter  and  bran 

or  corn  flakes  in  a bowl.  Shape  them  into  balls  and  roll 
them  in  crushed  graham  crackers. 

*)c c (2neaMtrWic&e&.  Put  a small  scoop  of  ice  cream 
or  frozen  yogurt  between  two  oatmeal  cookies  or  frozen 
waffles.  Make  a batch  of  these  sandwiches  ahead, 
and  freeze  them. 

94t  a,  Fill  celery  with  O 

peanut  butter  or  cream  cheese.  Breads,  Cereal, 

, , Rice  & Pasta  Group 

Arrange  raisins  along  the  top.  g ^ SERVINGS 

Great  Ways  to  “Fiber  Up!” 

Are  you  eating  the  daily  recommended  20 
to  35  grams  of  fiber?  If  not,  these  five  hints  will 
help  you  to  "fiber  up!" 

1.  Eat  at  least  five  servings  of  fruits  and  vegetables  daily. 
Apples,  bananas,  carrots  and  celery  make  great  snacks. 

Remember  breakfast!  It's  a great  time  to  eat  fiber- 
rich  foods.  Check  food  labels  for  cereals  with  five  or  more 
grams  of  fiber  per  serving.  You  can  top  off  your  bowl 
with  fruit  for  a little  extra  fiber. 

3 • Switch  to  whole-grains.  Making  sandwiches  on 
a variety  of  whole-grain  breads  adds  taste  and  fiber  to 
your  diet.  Breads  with  whole  grain  include  cracked 
wheat,  oatmeal,  pumpernickel,  rye,  whole-wheat  and 
even  cornbread  made  from  whole,  ground  cornmeal. 

Eat  breads  made  with  bran,  too,  such  as  bran  muffins. 

4e>  Eat  high-fiber  snacks.  Popcorn,  fresh  fruit, 
raw  vegetables  and  nuts  all  have  lots  of  fiber. 

5.  Enjoy  fruits  and 
vegetables  with  the  skin 
on.  With  the  skin,  a 
medium  potato  has  3.6  grams 
of  fiber.  Skinless,  it  has  only 
2.3  grams. 


Vegetable  Group 



Milk,  Yogurt  & 
Cheese  Group 



The  amount  of  food  that  counts  as 
one  serving  is  listed  below.  If  you  eat 
a larger  portion,  count  it  as  more  than 
1 serving.  For  example,  a dinner  por- 
tion of  spaghetti  would  count  as  2 or 
3 servings  of  pasta. 

Be  sure  to  eat  at  least  the  lowest 
number  of  servings  from  the  five 
major  food  groups  listed  below.  You 
need  them  for  the  vitamins,  minerals, 
carbohydrates,  and  protein  they  pro- 
vide. Just  try  to  pick  the  lowest  fat 
choices  from  the  food  groups.  No 
specific  serving  size  is  given  for  the 
fats,  oils,  and  sweets  group  because 
the  message  is  USE  SPARINGLY. 

Fats,  Oils  & Sweets 


1 cup  of  milk  or  yogurt 
11/2  ounces  of  natural  cheese 

2 ounces  of  process  cheese 

2-3  ounces  of  cooked  lean  meat, 
poultry  or  fish 

1/2  cup  of  cooked  dry  beans, 

1 egg,  or  2 tablespoons  of  peanut 
butter  count  as  1 ounce  of  lean 

Meat,  Poultry,  Fish,  Dry 
Beans,  Eggs  & Nuts  Group 



1 cup  of  raw  leafy  vegetables 
1/2  cup  of  other  vegetables, 
cooked  or  chopped  raw 
3/4  cup  of  vegetable  juice 

Fruit  Group 


1 medium  apple,  banana,  orange 
1/2  cup  of  chopped,  cooked, 
or  canned  fruit 
3/4  cup  of  fruit  juice 

1 slice  of  bread 
1 ounce  of  ready-to-eat  cereal 
1/2  cup  of  cooked  cereal, 
rice  or  pasta 

Information  and  graphics  provided  by 
the  U.S.  Department  of  Agriculture 

The  Food  Guide  Pyramid: 


rThe  Food  Guide  Pyramid  is  an  outline  of  what  to 
eat  each  day  based  on  the  Dietary  Guidelines.  It's  not 
a rigid  prescription  but  a general  guide  that  lets  you 
choose  a healthful  diet  that's  right  for  you. 

P The  Pyramid  calls  for  eating  a variety  of  foods 
^ to  get  the  nutrients  you  need  and  the  right 

amount  of  calories  to  maintain  healthy  weight. 
Cr  Use  the  Pyramid  to  help  you  eat  better  every 
day...the  Dietary  Guidelines  way.  Start  with  plenty 
of  breads,  cereals,  rice,  pasta,  vegetables,  and  fruits. 
Add  2-3  servings  from  the  milk  group  and  2-3  servings  from 
the  meat  group.  Remember  to  go  easy  on  fats,  oils, 
and  sweets,  the  foods  in  the  small  tip 
4 Afll  of  the  Pyramid. 

MAY  1998 


Photo  by  Iris  Kraft 

Story  by  John  Kirby 

So,  you  want  to  get  started  on  a physical 

fitness  routine,  eh?  Not  sure  what  to  do?  Well, 
it  just  might  be  easier  than  you  think.  Accord- 
ing to  professional  tennis  coach  Nick  Bollettieri,  all 
you  really  need  is  enthusiasm  and  some  good  ol' 
fashioned  "stick-to-it-iveness."  "The  key  is  making 
physical  fitness  a high  priority  in  your  life.  You 
have  to  really  want  to  do  it" 

And  Bollettieri  ought  to  know.  He's  been  coach- 
ing professional  tennis  for  more  than  40  years.  His 
list  of  students  reads  like  a Who's  Who  in  the  sport: 
Andre  Agassi,  Monica  Seles,  Boris  Becker,  Mary 
Pierce,  Tommy  Haas,  sisters  Venus  and  Serena 
Williams  and  1997  French  Open  winner  Iva  Majoli 
— just  to  name  a few.  At  age  67,  he  remains  incredi- 
bly fit,  displaying  an  energy  level  sometimes  un- 
matched by  his  teen-age  players. 

This  is  one  man  devoted  to  fitness. 

"For  your  program  to  be  successful,  you  have  to 

attack  it  and  stay  devoted  to  it,"  said  Bollettieri.  "It 
can't  be  an  on-again,  off-again  activity  — you  must 
be  consistent.  You  must  learn  to  coordinate  your 
entire  day  and  night  activities,  eliminating  stress  to 
a minimum." 

To  help  you  keep  track  of  your  progress,  the 
coach  recommends  keeping  a log  of  your  daily 
activities.  Write  down  what  you  did,  how  long  you 
did  it  and  even  how  you  felt  doing  it.  You're  not 
always  going  to  achieve  your  goals,  but  if  you 
recognize  that  up  front  and  log  it,  you'll  be  sure  to 
improve  in  the  long  run.  "Be  sure  to  put  down  your 
ups  and  downs,"  said  Bollettieri,  "but  most  impor- 
tantly, be  truthful  to  yourself." 

Setting  realistic  and  personal  goals  is  also  very 
important  said  Bolletteiri.  All  the  energy  in  the 
world  will  do  you  no  good  if  you  try  to  take  on  too 
much,  stressed  the  coach.  And  what's  worse  — you 
could  really  hurt  yourself.  "As  I say  to  all  my 



students  on  all  levels  of  play,  'try  to  get  a little 
better  each  day.  Trying  to  do  too  much  too  [soon] 
will  often  bring  disaster.'" 

Your  goals  should  also  be  tailored  to  your  partic- 
ular abilities.  "Each  person  is  different,"  continued 
Bollettieri,  "and  each  person  should  have  a program 
that  is  best  for  their  needs." 

Before  beginning  your  program,  Coach  Bollettieri 
recommends  getting  a complete  evaluation  of  your 
nutrition  and  mental  needs. 

"Take  stock  of  those  factors  in  your  life  that  may 
play  a big  role  in  your  overall  fitness.  Ask  yourself: 
'Are  you  eating  well-balanced  meals?  Are  getting 
enough  sleep?  How  does  stress  on  the  job  affect 

"Consider  it  all,  because  it's  all  important  if  you 
want  to  get  fit  and  stay  that  way.  You  cannot  leave 
one  stone  left  unturned  to  be  the  best  you  can  be," 
Bollettieri  said  with  a smile.  £ 

Coming  of  Age 

His  day  starts  with  a complete 
and  nutritious  breakfast,  followed 
by  a brief,  two-  to  three-hour 
warm-up  period  before  playing.  If 
he  plays  in  the  afternoon,  he  eats 
a very  light  lunch.  Diet  is  critical. 
"I  must  watch  my  intake,"  he 
said,  making  sure  sugar  and  other 
quick  energy  fixes  are  kept  to  a 

minimum.  Practice  sessions 
focus  on  timing  drills,  serving 
and  returning  serves. 

Just  before  the  match  begins, 
Haas  gets  last  minute  advice 
from  coach  Nick  Boliettieri  while 
he  skips  rope.  "Skipping  rope  is 
a must  for  me  every  day.  It  has 
really  helped  my  movement," 
Haas  said. 

After  the  match,  he  gets  a 
massage  and  prepares  his 
strategy  for  the  next  match. 


Haas  attacks  practice  at  his 
home  base  in  Bradenton,  Fla., 
with  the  same  aggressiveness 
that  he  does  during  tournament 
play.  "Even  during  practice  days 
I stay  up  with  my  fitness  pro- 
gram," he  remarked. 

A typical  day  for  him  includes 
two  sessions  on  the  court  for  a 
total  of  two  hours,  followed  by 
an  hour  or  two  in  the  gym.  Ample 
stretching  is  a mainstay  of  his 
routine,  and  again,  he  supple- 
ments the  workout  with  skipping 

When  time  permits,  he  likes  to 
relax  by  playing  other  sports  as 
well.  He  enjoys  basketball,  skiing, 
golf  and  body  surfing,  y 

if  you've  ever  wondered 
how  the  real  pros  get 
ready  for  a match, 
consider  the  efforts  of 
Tommy  Haas.  At  age  19, 

Haas  is  already  ranked 
36th  with  the  Association 
of  Tennis  Professionals 
(ATP).  That  makes  him 
the  youngest  professional 
player  in  the  world  so 
highly  ranked.  Haas  has 
been  playing  tennis  since 
the  age  of  8,  but  he 
readily  admits  that  he 
didn't  get  this  far 
through  sheer  talent 
alone.  It's  taken  hard 
work  — a lot  of  it. 

Professional  tennis  is 
brutally  competitive,  | 

almost  unforgiving.  f 

Haas  trains  hard  be-  f 

cause  he  has  to.  | 

Tommy  Haas  follows 
a strict  regimen,  but  he  does  alter 
it  a bit  depending  on  whether  he's 
at  a tournament  or  at  home 

Tournament  Play 

A good  night's  sleep  is  para- 
mount. Tommy  will  always  be  in 
bed  by  11  p.m. 

MAY  1998 


Story  by  J02  Jason  Emerson  and  Photos  by  PH2  Ted  Banks 

Navy  SEALs  have  always  been  surrounded 
by  a certain  degree  of  mystery  and  in 
trigue.  Their  operations  are  top-secret, 
their  members  part  of  an  elite  fraternity.  Best-selling 
authors  and  Hollywood  producers  depict  them  as 
ninja-like  phantoms  who  appear  out  of  the  mist, 
strike,  then  vanish 
without  a trace.  As  a 
result,  SEALs  are 
becoming  the  stuff  of 

But  behind  the 
legend  are  Sailors. 

Sailors  whose  job  is  to 
go  where  no  one  else 
can.  Sailors  whose 
mental  and  physical 
toughness  is  forged  by 
old-fashioned  hard 
work  and  sweat. 

Kory  Knowles  and 
Jeff  J.  Bramstedt  know 
what  it  takes  to  be 
among  the  military's 
elite.  Knowles,  a 
boatswain's  mate  2nd 
class  from  St.  Peters- 
burg, Fla.,  is  a first- 
phase  Basic  Underwa- 
ter Demolition /SEAL 
(BUD/S)  instructor 
and  Bramstedt,  a 
hospital  corpsman  2nd 
class  from  St.  Louis,  is 
a member  of  SEAL 
Team  1. 

According  to  these 
veteran  SEALs,  a strict  regimen  of  exercise,  nutri- 
tion and  rest  is  required  to  stay  in  top  physical 
shape.  SEALs  are  experts  at  all  three.  "SEALs  train 

for  endurance  and  strength,"  explained  the  27-year- 
old  Knowles.  "The  staples  are  running,  swimming, 
calisthenics  and  weight  training." 

When  not  deployed,  all  SEALs  participate  in 
command-organized  PT  programs.  Every  morning 
they  form  up  for  an  intense  workout  of  push-ups, 

sit-ups,  flutter  kicks, 
lunges  and  eight- 
count  body-builders 
followed  by  running, 
swimming  or  hiking. 

Each  SEAL  also 
incorporates  his  own 
personal  training 
program.  Some 
follow  a weight 
training  program 
while  others  focus  on 
a cardiovascular 

For  Bramstedt,  also 
27,  a large  part  of 
staying  fit  is  putting 
the  right  fuel  into  the 
body.  He  believes 
good  fitness  is 
formed  around  a 
balanced  diet. 

"Nutrition  is  the 
key  to  making  the 
entire  fitness  concept 
complete.  It  includes 
eating  the  right  food 
at  the  right  times," 
said  Bramstedt,  who 
has  served  five  of  his 
seven  years  in  the 
Navy  as  a SEAL.  "That  means  eating  five  to  eight 
small  meals  per  day  to  include  the  correct  amounts 
of  protein,  carbohydrates  and  fats." 

Knowles  (right)  guides  fellow  SEAL  Bramstedt  through  another 
grueling  repetition.  Weight  training,  along  with  running,  swim- 
ming and  calisthenics,  is  an  important  element  in  a SEAL’S  total 
work  regimen. 

< HM2(SEAL)  Jeff  J.  Bramstedt  (left)  and  BM2(SEAL)  Kory 
Knowles  emerge  from  the  water  and  charge  the  beachhead  at 
Naval  Amphibious  Base  Coronado,  Calif. 

MAY  1 998 


A BM2(SEAL)  Kory  Knowles  balances  out  his  training  program 
with  a rigorous  workout  of  weight  lifting. 

A component  of  nutrition  many  people  over- 
look, but  which  is  vital  to  SEALs,  is  hydration. 
According  to  Knowles,  SEALs  drink  water 
continuously  throughout  the  day.  Proper  hydra- 
tion is  as  crucial  to  a good  training  regimen  as 
discipline  and  the  drive  to  succeed. 

But  neither  good  nutrition  nor  exercise  will 
do  any  good  without  rest. 

"When  fatigue  sets  in,  people  are  more  pre- 
disposed to  injury,"  said  Knowles.  "You  need 
rest  so  that  your  body  has  an  opportunity  to 
recuperate  and  adapt  to  new  stimulus." 

Good  fitness  isn't  exclusive  to  SEALs.  "There 
are  no  secets  to  good  fitness,"  said  Knowles. 

"You  just  have  to  have  a balanced  program  and 
the  discipline  to  carry  it  out." 

Books  and  movies  may  continue  to  build 
upon  the  legend.  But  every  SEAL  knows  fitness 
and  discipline  are  what  get  the  mission  done. 

For  these  warriors,  legend  isn't  built  on  image, 
it's  built  on  sweat,  .j. 

< Basic  Underwater  Demolition/SEAL  (BUD/S) 
candidates  lug  an  inflatable  boat  along  the  Southern 
California  shoreline  as  part  of  their  physical  readi- 
ness regimen.  The  acronym  “SEAL’  stands  for  Sea, 
Air  and  Land — the  environments  in  which  the 
commandos  do  business. 

y YN2  (SEAL)  Monte  Jones  of  SEAL  Team  1 
stretches  out  at  morning  PT. 


A Leg  stretches  help  prevent  leg  injuries 
during  workouts. 


9 99 

0 George 


(Onyen-ye-on)  lives  in  the  fast 
lane.  Whether  working  as  a 
surgical  technician  at  Naval 
Medical  Center,  San  Diego,  or 
competing  as  a champion  sprint- 
er, this  hospitalman  is  fast.  And 
speed  is  what  he'll  need  to  reach 
his  lifelong  dream  of  running  in 
the  Olympics. 

To  get  to  Sydney,  Australia,  in 
2000,  the  Nigerian-born  Sailor 
will  need  to  stay  focused 
and  healthy. 

"You  reap  what  you 
sow  in  track  and  field," 
he  said  "Unlike 
team  sports,  you're 
on  your  own  out 

there.  No  one's  going  to  carry  you 
across  the  finish  line." 

Onyenyeonwu  knows  what  it 
takes  to  succeed:  discipline  and 
determination.  In  the  last  year  he 
has  crossed  the  finish  line  first 
eight  times.  Gold  is  definitely  his 
favorite  color. 

"Every  time  I win  a race  it 
gives  me  a tremendous  feeling  of 
satisfaction,"  said  the  31-year-old 
athlete,  who  has  been  competing 
for  more  than  15  years.  "The 
medals  remind  me  of  all  the  hard 
work  I've  done  to  stay  competi- 
tive. Winning  is  a great  motivator, 
but  if  I don't  win,  at  least  I know 
I gave  it  my  best  shot." 

Soon  the  lean,  6-foot-l-inch 
sprinter  will  give  it  his  best  shot 
for  a spot  on  the  U.S.  Olympic 
track  and  field  team. 

"It  takes  a tremendous  amount 
of  time  and  hard  work  to  compete 

at  the  Olympic  level. 

But,  Onyenyeonwu  knows 
he  can  make  it  if  he  keeps  his 
intensity.  "That's 
why  I work  out 
in  the  mornings 
before  work 

“It  takes  a 
amount  of 
time  and 
hard  work  to 
compete  at 
the  Olympic 



—HN  George  Onyenyeonwu 

and  in  the  evenings  after  work." 

That  kind  of  dedication  and 
confidence  is  what  Olympic  ath- 
letes are  made  of.  "When  I say  to 
people,  'See  you  in  Sydney!,"  said 
Onyenyeonwu,  "I  really  mean  it."^ 

Story  by  J02  Jason  Thomp- 
son, who  is  a photojournalist 
assigned  to  All  Hands.  Photos 
by  JOl  Joe  Parker,  who  is  a photojour- 
nalist assigned  to  the  Naval  Medical 
Center,  San  Diego  public  affairs  office. 

1 997  Awards 

April  5 Gold,  Silver  - 200m/100m 

San  Diego  Invitational,  San  Diego 
June  20  Silver -100m 

Moving  Shoes-AII  Comers,  San 

June  29  Gold  (2)  - 100m/200m 

Trojan  Masters,  Los  Angeles 
July  12  Gold  (2)  - 100m/200m,  4-man 
100m  relay  Western  Regional 
Masters,  San  Jose,  Calif. 

July  26  1st  Place  (2)  - 100m/200m; 
2nd  Place  Overall  - 100m 
SCA/USATF  Summer  Ali-Comers 
Grand  Prix  Championship,  Long 
Beach,  Calif. 

Aug.  9,10  Gold  - 100m;  Gold  - 4X400m 
Relay;  Silver  - 200m  USATF 
National  Masters  Outdoor  Track  & 
Field  Championships,  San  Jose, 

1 998  Awards 

Feb.  15  Gold  - 60m;  Bronze  - 200m 
Silver  State  Indoor  Masters 
Classic,  Reno,  Nev. 



Elizabeth  A. 

trains  six  hours  a 
day,  six  days  a week,  but  it  took  less 
than  two  hours  to  walk  into  Kailua 
High  School,  take  care  of  business 
and  walk  out  the  Hawaii  Feather- 
weight Tae-Kwon-Do  Champion. 

A 12-year  veteran  of  tae-kwon-do, 
Hospital  Corpsman  1st  Class  Evans 
has  racked  up  31  medals  since  she 
began  competing  in  1992. 

The  Seattle  native  has  a lighting- 



1996  World  Cup,  Rio  de  Janeiro,  Brazil  - 

Gold  Medalist 

1996  U.S.  National  Tae-Kwon-Do 
Championships,  Colorado  Springs, 
Colo.  - Gold  Medalist 

1996  U.S.  National  Team  Trials,  Colorado 
Springs,  Colo.  - Gold  Medalist 
1996  Pan  American  Tae-Kwon-Do 
Championships,  Havana,  Cuba  - Gold 

1996  C.I.S.M.  World  Military  Tae-Kwon-Do 
Championships,  Pula,  Croatia  - Silver 

1996  U.S.  Olympic  Committee  Female 
Athlete  of  the  Year  (Tae-Kwon-Do) 

1997  U.S.  National  Tae-Kwon-Do 
Championships,  Oakland,  Calif.  - Gold 

1997  C.I.S.M.  World  Military  Tae-Kwon-Do 
Championship,  Rome,  Italy  - Gold 

swift  kick  and  a work  ethic  that  is 
legendary  among  her  peers.  "If  you 
don't  practice,  you  don't  win.  My 
skills  may  be  off,  but  my  condition- 
ing has  to  be  top  notch."  a* 

After  narrowly  missing  an  Oly 
pic  berth  in  1992,  she  is  more  deter- 
mined that  ever  to  bring  home 
the  gold  in  2000. 

For  Evans,  it  is  a drea 
well  within  reach.  By 
dropping  weight,  com- 
peting and  winning  at  the  feather- 
weight division,  Evans  has,  in  effect, 


If  you  don ’t 
practice,  you 
don’t  win. 

—HM1  Elizabeth  A.  Evans 

doubled  her  chances  of  making  the 
Olympic  team  that  will  travel  to 
Sydney,  Australia,  in  2000.  "When  it 
comes  to  the  Olympic  trials,  I will 
have  wild  cards  in  two  divisions.  So, 
depending  on  which  division  is 
looking  good  for  me,  that's  the 
division  I can  go  with." 

Whether  working  special  projects 
at  Administrative  Services  Depart- 
ment at  Naval  Medical  Clinic,  Pearl 
Harbor,  or  delivering  spinning-hook 
kicks  to  an  opponent's  head,  Evans 
formula  for  success  remains  the 

"Being  in  the  military,  you  need  to 
be  organized,"  she  said.  "That  carries 
over  to  tae-kwon-do  as  far  as  orga- 

nizing the  training  and  knowing 
what  I need  to  get  done  to  win." 

For  now,  Evan's  training  schedule 
will  be  geared  to  get  her  ready  for  the 
U.S.  National  Tae-K won-Do  Champi- 
onships. If  all  goes  well,  Evans  will 
represent  the  United  States  at  the  1998 
Goodwill  Games  in  New  York  City  this 

A victory  at  the  Goodwill  Games 
could  secure  Evans  a spot  on  the  2000 
Olympic  team. 

"You  have  to  be  serious  about  your 
training,"  she  said.  "You  have  to  want 
it  so  bad  you  can  taste  it.  There's 
nothing  like  standing  on  the  podium 
hearing  your  National  Anthem  being 
played.  That's  what  motivates  me."  £ 

Story  and  Photos  by  PHI  William  R. 

Goodwin,  who  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to 
Hawaii  Navy  News. 

MAY  1 998 


OQp  Olympic  Hopefuls 

This  is  a sport 
I truly  love.” 

-FCI(SW)  Jose  Castillo 

Skeet-shooting  enthu- 
siasts from  all  over 
the  country, 
including  five 
former  all-Navy 
skeet  shooting 
team  members, 
have  come  to 
test  their  skills 
against  each 

Fire  Control 
Technician  1st 
Class  (SW)  Jose 
Castillo,  a six- 
time all-Ameri- 
can skeet  shooter 
stationed  at  Shore  Inter- 
mediate Maintenance  Activity, 
Mayport,  Fla.,  is  one  of  them. 

Between  rounds  Castillo  re- 
membered how  it  all  began:  "I 
realized  I had  potential  when  I 
was  around  7 to  10  years  old," 
said  the  Jacksonville  native. 

"It  wasn't  until  1993  that  I 
realized  I could  compete  with  the 
elite  shooters,"  he  admitted.  It 
was  a break  out  year  for  him, 
highlighted  by  Florida  and  Vir- 
ginia state  championships  and  a 
world  military  championship. 

"This  is  a sport  I truly  love," 
Castillo  said.  "It's  a mental 

discipline.  You've  got  to  make 
every  shot  identical.  It  pushes  me 
mentally  and  physically." 

The  2000  Olympics  is  Castillo's 
ultimate  destination,  but  he  said 
it  won't  come  easy.  There  are 
many  qualifying  tournaments 
during  the  next  two  years 

Even  after  his  quest  for  Olym- 
pic Gold  is  over,  Castillo  prom- 
ised he'll  keep  on  shooting.  "I'll 
do  this  forever,"  he  said  with  a 
huge  grin  on  his  face.  "Until  I die 
or  my  eyes  give  out."^ 

Story  and  photos  by  JOl(AW)  Michael 
R.  Hart,  who  is  a photojournalist 
assigned  to  USS  John  F.  Kennedy  (CV 
67)  public  affairs  office. 

Shooting  down  the 

1992- 1998  — Skeet  shooting  all-American 

1993- 1998  — Navy  Skeet  Team  Captain 
1993  — U.S.  Open  champion 
1993-1994  — Virginia  State  champion 

1993  — World  Military  20  gauge  runner-up 

1994  — World  Military  12  gauge  champion 
1994  — Tied  Open  and  military  12  gauge 
World  record  (250x250) 

1994  — Set  new  12  gauge  two-man  team 
World  record  (500x500) 

1996  — Armed  Forces  Active-duty  World 
doubles  champion 

1997  — 12  & 28-gauge  Military  World 

is  one  of 


the  top  skeet  shooters  in  the 
world  and  has  the  year  2000 
Olympics  in  Sydney,  Australia, 
dead  in  his  sights. 

Enter  the  Gun  Club  grounds 
aboard  NAS  Jacksonville,  Fla., 
and  you'll  find  yourself  smack  in 
the  middle  of  a skeet  shooting 

The  third  day  of  the  "Fish  Fry 
Open"  is  a beautiful  Sunday 
morning  in  March:  sunny,  pale- 
blue  skies  and  not  a hint  of  rain. 



Stretching  Benefits 

- Increases  circulation 

- Increases  the  elasticity 
of  muscle 

- Increases  range  of 

- Enhances  the  warm-up 

- Aids  in  the  prevention  of 

By  Keoki  Kamau,  Head  Trainer  for  the  San  Diego  Chargers 

We  all  know  exercise  is  important  to  stay  slim  and  feel  healthy.  Many  of 
you  already  exercise  and  walk  regularly.  When  choosing  an  exercise 
routine,  choose  one  that  will  benefit  your  health  and  that  you  will  enjoy. 
Stretching  is  an  important  foundation  to  any  exercise  program. 

There  are  many  different  stretches.  But,  only  one  way  to  stretch.  Have 
fun,  keep  it  simple,  and  until  next  time...  Aloha. 

Stretching  Tips 

- Start  slow 

- Don’t  bounce 

- Hold  stretch  position  for 
15  seconds 

- Moderation  is  key 

- Listen  to  your  body,  don’t 
overdo  it 

- Stretch  10  to  12  minutes 
before  exercise 

First  Base,  Detroit  Tigers 

Why  is  staying  fit  so  important? 

“In  our  line  of  work  it  is  important 
for  us  to  stay  physically  fit 
throughout  the  season.  We  need 
to  be  just  as  strong  in  August  and  September  as 
we  are  in  April  and  May.  This  also  is  true  in  our 
everyday  lives.” 

What’s  the  best  type  of  program? 

“Find  a program  that’s  right  for 
you.  Have  a specific  program 
tailored  to  what  your  job  is  going  to  physically 
demand  of  you.  STICK  WITH  IT!” 

MAY  1998 



Story  by  J02  Thompson 

The  new  physical  readiness 
test  (PRT)  regs  are  out  and  will  go 
into  effect  fleetwide  in  September. 

Sailors  are  still  required  to  exercise  at 
least  three  times  a week;  maintain  a 
healthy  lifestyle  and  good  eating  habits; 
and  stay  within  height-weight  or  body  fat 
standards.  But,  there  are  a few  changes 
that  every  Sailor  should  know  about. 

Special  PRTs 

COs  will  now  have  the  authority  to  grant  certain  Sailors 
special  PRT  follow-up  tests.  The  tests  will  serve  as  a tool  for 
approving  or  delaying  a Sailor's  promotion,  residesignation 
or  frocking. 


Failure  on  the  sit-reach  portion  of  the  PRT  will  no  longer 
mean  an  automatic  failure.  However,  it  will  result  in  the 
Sailor  being  assigned  to  a command-directed  physical 
training  program  emphasizing  the  importance  of 
flexibility  to  overall  health  and  fitness. 

Faster  Running  Times  For  Women 

Run  times  for  women  ages  17  to  29  will  be  trimmed  to  more  accurately  reflect  the  age  group's 
aerobic  capacity.  The  following  table  summarizes  the  changes  to  the  1.5-mile  run  times: 


17-19  YRS 

20-29  YRS 

30-39  YRS 

40-49  YRS 

50+ YRS 





10:15/12:1 5 






















Hit  The 

Body  Fat/Height-Weight  Changes: 

Body  fat  standards  for  men  will  stay  at  22  percent  while 
women's  will  increase  from  30  to  33  percent.  The  height- 
weight  table  will  change  for  both  sexes  and  will  more 
closely  reflect  upper  body  limits  for  body  fat.  Overall, 
maximum  allowable  weights  for  both  men  and  women 
will  be  reduced  by  several  pounds. 

Although  height/  weight  tables  only  approximate  body 
fat  levels,  they  remain  an  effective  screening  tool.  The 
following  table  summarizes  the  changes  to  the  maximum 
allowable  weights  which  will  be  used  for  PRT  cycles 
conducted  on  or  after  Sept.  1,  1998.  (e.g.,  ht/ wt  measure- 
ments taken  in  August  98  for  a September  1998  will  use 
the  following  table): 

Weight  for  Height  Table 

Women — Maximum 
Weight  in  Pounds 

Height  in  Inches 

Men — Maximum 
Weight  in  Pounds 




































188  1 



192  ft 



196  I 












216  ^ 



221  , 



226  it 



231  V 



236  \ 



241  J 

Pregnant  Sailors: 

Pregnant  Sailors  will  now  participate 
in  an  exercise  routine  approved 
by  their  physician  (unless  they 
are  medically  waived).  They  will 
continue  to  be  waived  from  body  fat 
requirements  and  PRTs  during  and 
six  months  after  their  pregnancy. 

CFC  Certification: 

Command  fitness  coordinators  (CFCs)  will  have  six 
months  from  the  time  they  take  the  duty  to  go  through  a 
mandatory  training  certification  process.  The  training  will 
be  conducted  either  via  video  teletraining  or  in  person 
with  a Navy  fitness  instructor.  CFCs  who  were  trained 
after  January  1996  will  be  considered  certified. 

The  new  instruction  (OPNAVINST  6110.1E)  can 
be  downloaded  from  the  Navy  Electronic  Directives 
System  (NEDS)  web  site  at 
and  via  BUPERS  Access  (DSN:  225-6900). 

Thompson  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

MAY  1 998 



I ^Bith  hectic  operational  schedules,  time  spent  per- 
® ^^B^B  forming  maintenance  and  necessary  training  evo- 
■ lution's,  Sailor's  are  always  pulling  long  hours. 
But  when  the  day's  work  is  over.  Sailors  need  a 
place  to  unwind,  have  fun  and  let  off  steam. 

One  way  to  do  this  is  by  playing  sports. 

The  Navy  offers  Sailors  the  opportunity  to 
participate  in  off-duty  recreation  through  the 
Navy  Recreational  Services  Program  in  the 
form  of  intramural  sports.  The  program  is  run 
by  the  local  Moral  Welfare  and  Recreation 
(MWR)  Department. 

The  mission  of  the  intramural  program  is 
to  provide  a variety  of  good,  wholesome 
recreational  fun  for  Sailors  and  their  fam- 
ilies. This  "outlet"  allows  them  to  main- 
tain a high  level  of  alertness,  job  effec- 
tiveness and  physical  well-being. 
Throughout  the  fleet,  MWR  pro- 
grams offer  intramural  leagues  in  events  ranging 
from  softball,  basketball,  bowling,  golfing  to  racquetball, 
badminton,  and  sailboat  racing. 

With  Sailors  and  their  commands  moving  at  a frantic 

Story  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen;  photos  by  JOl  Ron  Schafer 

pace,  putting  teams  together  can  sometimes  be  a difficult 

But  commands  and  commanders  are  highly  encour- 
aged to  support  any  recreational  program  that  allows  its 
members  the  chance  to  enhance  morale  and 
physical  fitness. 

One  example  of  an  effective  intramural 
program  is  the  one  lead  by  John  Lucas, 
the  assistant  athletic  director  at  Naval 
Station  Norfolk.  "We  tailor  the 
schedule  around  the  command's 
availability  and  operational  or  train- 
ing commitments.  This  gives  every- 
one the  best  chance  to  participate." 

The  idea  of  the  intramural 
program  is  to  get  as  many 
Sailors  as  possible  involved. 

The  program  is  set  up  to 
allow  tenant  commands  as 
well  as  homeported  and  visit- 
ing ships  to  participate  in  any 
of  the  activities  or  start  their 

MAY  1 998 

them,"  Lucas  said.  "If  they  want  to  play  1,000 
games  and  we  have  the  funds  and  the  gym 
and  another  team  that  wants  to  play, 
we'll  do  that.  It's  nice  to  be  able  to 
give  them  that  option." 

The  intramural  program  gives 
Sailors  another  option  to  increase  their 
talent,  motivation  and  skills.  It  not  only 
conditions  the  body  but  also  the  mind. 

"Playing  sports  in  the  Navy  has  helped 
get  me  to  where  I am  today,"  said  Hull 
Technician  1st  Class  (SW)  Paul  E.  Clark  of 
Shore  Intermediate  Maintenance  Activity, 
Norfolk.  "It  helps  me  keep  a sound  mind 
and  body,  and  it  keeps  me  out  of  trouble." 

Along  with  a little  healthy  competition 
and  rivalry,  the  intramural  program 
gives  an  outlet  for  Sailors  to  'show 
their  stuff'  and  compete  with 

shipmates.  "We  live 
for  some  of  these  rivalries,"  said  Clark. 
"I  enjoy  the  competition.  Fighting  for 
bragging  rights  against  other  ships 
and  shore  stations  gets  me  excited, 
of  the  things  that  really  makes  us 
hard  is  when  our  fans  come  out. 

"I  really  get  into  that,"  Lucas  said.  "A  lot 
of  the  commands  will  have  40,  50  or  60 
people  coming  out  to  watch  volleyball,  or 
softball,  or  basketball.  It  just  raises  the 
atmosphere  to  a different  level.  I think  the 
players  play  a little  harder  because  they 
know  that  their  buddies  or  their  command- 
ing officer  is  watching  them  play.  Those  are 
tie  times  when  you  step  back  and  say,  'This 
is  what  the  job  is  all  about;  this  is  why  we  do 

Quit  wasting  time  and  join  a team  today. 

fer  is  a Norfolk-based  photojournalist  for  All 





Mary  Joe  Fernandez, 
International  Tennis  Star 

What  things  has  tennis  brought  to 
your  life? 

"It  has  taught  me  discipline,  a good 
work  ethic,  concentration  and  the  abil- 
ity to  prioritize  my  time.  Tennis  has  just 
brought  so  many  wonderful  things  to 
my  life  — travel,  friends  and  physical 

What  sort  of  regimen  do  you  follow? 

A "I  play  two  hours  in  the  morning 
and  two  hours  in  the  afternoon  with 
about  an  hour  and  a half  of  some  sort 
of  fitness  training  afterward  — running 
sprints,  footwork  drills,  bicycling, 
weight  training  or  even  long  distance 

How  does  staying  fit  benefit  you 
beyond  tennis? 

A "I  just  feel  so  much  better  when  I 
exercise.  I have  more  energy  and  am 
more  alert.  For  good  overall  health,  any 
kind  of  exercise  is  great." 

MAY  1998 


Story  by  J02  Mark  Savage,  photos  by  PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

When  Sailors  prepare  to 
run,  they  usually  set 
their  sights  on  the  biannu- 
al physical  readiness  test  or  a 5K  or 
10K  run  for  charity.  But  for  serious 
runners  like  Boatswain's  Mate  2nd 
Class  Michael  J.  Morton,  these 
distances  are  just  too  easy. 

"People  seem  to  think  a marathon 
is  the  ultimate  racing  distance,  but 
it's  not,"  said  Morton,  "There  are 
people  who  run  1,000-mile  country 
races.  You  just  run  and  sleep." 

He  is  referring  to  an  event  called 
the  ultramarathon  — the  ultimate 
test  of  a runner's  endurance. 

Morton,  assigned  to  the  dive 
locker,  Naval  Station  Annapolis,  Md., 

began  running  long  distances  com- 
petitively while  stationed  in  Diego 
Garcia  in  1992.  But  it  wasn't  until  he 
reported  aboard  USS  L.Y.  Spear  (AS 
36)  in  Norfolk  in  1993,  that  he  was 
exposed  to  ultramarathon  running. 

Morton  never  again  looked  at 
running  the  same  way  again.  "I've 
run  shorter  distances,  but  I'm  not 
that  fast,"  Morton  said.  "But  in  races 
where  endurance  takes  over  rather 
than  speed,  I discovered  I could  be 
more  competitive." 

Morton  finished  his  first  ultramar- 
athon in  a time  of  7 hours,  22  sec- 
onds, placing  sixth  for  the  40-mile 

Since  then  Morton  has  run  in 

almost  30  races,  including  the 
"Flatlander  50"  in  Virginia  Beach, 

Va.,  where  he  finished  first  in  6:36, 
and  the  "Old  Dominion  100"  in 
Woodstock,  Va.,  where  he  tied  for 
first  with  a time  of  17:40  — that's  100 
miles  in  less  than  18  hours,  or  about 
6 miles  per  hour. 

"It's  a great  feeling  of  accomplish- 
ment after  running  20-some  hours  to 
finish  a 100-mile  race,"  he  said. 
"There's  a million  reasons  to  quit. 

But  you  somehow  fight  the  urge  and 
just  finish.  And  that's  the  only  reason 
to  do  it  — to  finish."  $ 

Savage  is  a journalist  assigned  to  Naval 
Media  Center  and  Gonzalez  is  a photographer 
assigned  to  All  Hands. 



Morton’s  Best  Finishes 

1997  Western  State  100,  California. 

1st  place  15:40  (course  record) 

1997  Trial  Run  across  the  Common 
wealth,  Virginia,  4-day  150-  mile 
stage  race  24:21 

1997  Dances  with  Dirt  100K,  Michi 
gan,  1st  place  (course  record)  8:54 
1997  Rattlesnake  50K,  West  Virginia, 

1996  Massanutten  100K,  Virginia,  1st 
place  (course  record)  20:21 
1996  National  Trail  50K , Texas,  3rd 
place  5:57 

1996  General  Nutrition  Center  50K, 

Pennsylvania,  2nd  place  5:42 
1995  Old  Dominion  100K,  Virginia., 

1995  JFK  50K , Maryland.  6:08 
1995  Vermont  100K,  1st  place,  14:08 
(course  record) 

Soccer  requires  a lot  of  endurance  as 
well  as  quickness.  How  do  you  train  for 
such  a demanding  sport? 

“I  stay  fit  with  a mix  of 
sprints  and  distance  running, 
sprint  over  a 40-yard  course 
three  times,  rest  45  seconds  and  then  repeat 
the  set  six  times.  I also  run  3 to  4 miles  once 
each  week  at  a steady  pace.” 

Captain,  U.S.  Women’s  Soccer  Team 
Gold  Medalist  1996  Olympic  Games, 

Atlanta,  Ga. 

How  important  is  teamwork? 

“It’s  the  team  that  keeps 
me  going.  I have  a role  to 
create  chances  for  my  team  to  score  and  be 
there  for  them.  They  are  the  ones  who  help  me 
get  through  the  hours  of  training  and  hard  work 
soccer  requires.  At  times  it  seems  it  would  be 
easy  to  quit,  but  when  I look  at  them  working 
hard  I have  to  keep  going  — for  my  teammates 
and  my  love  for  soccer.” 

MAY  1 998 


Are  you  the  picture 
of  health  and  fitness? 
Take  this  quiz  to  find  out. 
Each  question  has  only 
one  correct  answer. 

He-  How  often  should  you  wear  your  seatbelt? 

a.  50  percent  of  the  time 

b.  100  percent  of  the  time 

c.  Only  while  driving  on  base,  because  the  guard 
at  the  gate  won't  let  you  in  until  you  buckle  up. 

5c-  What  is  the  goal  of  the  "5-A-Day"  campaign? 

a.  To  eat  only  five  sweets  per  day 

b.  To  eat  at  least  five  fruits  and  vegetables  everyday 

c.  To  limit  the  number  of  trips  to  the  all-you-can-eat 
buffet  to  five. 

6 c*  What  is  the  leading  cause  of  preventable  death 
in  the  United  States? 

a.  Skin  cancer 

b.  Smoking 

c.  Driving  on  the  wrong  side  of  the  road  with 
your  headlights  off. 

2 c*  How  much  water  should  you  drink  everyday? 

a.  At  least  32  ounces  (4  glasses) 

b.  At  least  64  ounces  (8  glasses) 

c.  All  you  need  is  the  2 gulps  you  drink  to  take 
your  vitamins  and 
whatever  you  swallow 
while  taking  a shower 
and  brushing  your 

3 c-  What  is  the  Food 

Guide  Pyramid? 

a.  A calorie  counter 

b.  A visual  guide  to  help  understand  the  foods 
we  need,  from  what  groups,  and  in  what  amounts 

c.  An  Egyptian  restaurant  guide. 

4c  What  is  the  best  way  to  lose  weight? 

a.  Skip  meals  frequently 

b.  Eat  a well-balanced  diet  and  exercise 

c.  Skip  breakfast  everyday,  eat  a "candy  bar  and 
soda"  lunch,  eat  a huge  dinner  (you've  earned  it 
from  starving  yourself  all  day)  and  then  get  on 
the  treadmill  and  run  as  hard  as  you  can 

until  you  collapse. 

i.  What  is  considered  low  fat? 

a.  10  grams  of  total  fat  per  serving 

b.  3 grams  of  total  fat  per  100  calories  of  a serving 

c.  When  a serving  consists  of  no  more  than 
50  percent  fat.  (That's  "half  the  fat,"  right?) 

c-  How  much  physical  activity  per  day  do  you 
have  to  do  to  improve  your  heart  health? 

a.  One  hour  of  aerobic  activity 

b.  One  30-minute  period,  two  15-minute  periods, 
or  three  10-minute  periods  of  walking. 



9 c What  is  the  best  answer 
for  effective  ways  to  relieve 

a.  Drink  a moderate  amount 
of  alcohol 

b.  Regular  exercise,  balanced 
diet,  deep  breathing  and 

c.  Eat  a whole  bag  of  cookies, 
kick  the  dog  and  scream 
obscenities  while  stomping 
around  the  house  slamming 
every  door. 

lO.  Which  dessert  is  the  healthiest  choice? 

a.  A piece  of  chocolate  cake  with  chocolate  frosting 

b.  A frozen  dessert  with  3 grams  of  fat  per  1/2  cup 
serving  (such  as  sherbet,  frozen  yogurt,  ice  milk, 
popsicles  or  fruit  bars) 

c.  A bowl  of  double  fudge  ice  cream  with 
marshmallow  topping  sprinkled  with  candies. 

11c  What  is  the  best  choice  for  lowering 
your  cholesterol? 

a.  Don't  eat  any  red  meat  or  eggs 

b.  Eat  less  fat  (especially  saturated  fat) 
and  cholesterol 

c.  When  adding  butter  to  your  popcorn  at 
the  theater,  cut  back  to  10  squirts  of  butter 

instead  of  15. 

c What  is  a safer 
alternative  to  cigarette 

a.  Pipes,  cigars  or  chew 

b.  Quit  smoking 

c.  Wrap  your  lips  around 
your  car's  exhaust  pipe  and  practice 

deep  breathing  exercises. 

MAY  1998 

13c  What  are  some  good  ways  to 
lower  high  blood  pressure? 

a.  Take  your  blood  pressure  medication 
only  when  you  feel  bad 

b.  Exercise,  cut  down  on  salt  and 
alcohol,  lose  weight 

c.  Stress  out  about  everything 

you  can't  control,  drink  several  A 

cups  of  strong,  black  coffee 

every  morning,  eat  more, 

exercise  less  and  smoke.  sm! 

14- c How  much  does  one 
serving  of  meat 

ounces  l 

b.  3 ounces  / 

(the  size  of  a deck  of  cards)  *• 

c.  12  to  16  ounces  (the  serving 

size  from  your  favorite  steak  house). 

If  you  answered  "B"  for  every  question  you  are 
the  picture  of  health.  Congratulations  on  the 
healthy  choices  you  make  daily  and  keep  up  the 
good  work.  The  odds  of  you  living  a long  and 
healthy  life  are  with  you. 

If  you  answered  "A"  for  any  of  the  questions, 
keep  trying.  Take  life  one  day  at  a time  and  vow 
each  morning  to  make  healthier  choices 
throughout  the  day.  v tv  . 

If  you  answered  "C" 
to  one  or  more 
questions,  and  were 
serious,  it  is  time  to 
seek  professional  help, 

Courtesy  of  the  Naval  Hospital  Jacksonville  Wellness  Center, 
Jacksonville,  Fla. 

WSE27  mm&s'n 

The  Battle  of  Manila  Bay 

Story  by  John  Kirby,  photos  courtesy  of  the  Navy  Historical  Center 

Early  on  the  morning  of  May  1,  1898,  an  American  naval  squadron  led  by 
Commodore  George  Dewey  slipped  into  Manila  Bay  and  annihilated  the 
Spanish  fleet  waiting  for  them. 

War  between  Spain  and  the  United  States  was  only  six  days  old.  Though 
Dewey  was  outnumbered  in  terms  of  ships  — his  squadron  had  six  to  the 
Spanish  12  — the  American  vessels  were  more  modern,  armed  with  more  guns 
and  manned  by  highly- trained  crews.  There  could  be  little  doubt  as  to  the  out- 
come. The  battle  lasted  about  half  a day. 

When  the  smoke  finally  cleared  that  afternoon,  not  a single  Spanish  ship  was 
afloat.  Yet  not  one  American  ship  was  significantly  damaged.  Dewey's  victory 
in  Manila  Bay  was  total  and  complete,  and  he  became  a hero.  More  impor- 
tantly, the  United  States  gained  a foothold  in  the  Western  Pacific  and  a Navy 
worth  boasting  about.  This  is  the  story  of  how  that  happened. 


On  April  25, 1898,  the  following  dispatch  was  sent  to 
George  Dewey  in  Hong  Kong  harbor  from  then-Secre- 
tary  of  the  Navy  John  D.  Long: 

" War  has  commenced  between  the  United  States  and 
Spain.  Proceed  at  once  to  Philippine  Islands.  Commence 
operations  particularly  against  the  Spanish  fleet.  You 
must  capture  vessels  or  destroy.  Use  utmost  endeavor." 

The  message  was  no  surprise.  Dewey  had  been 
expecting  it.  Before  that  dispatch  reached  him,  he  had 
ordered  all  his  ships  to  be  battle  ready.  Coal  bunkers 
were  filled,  engines  were  repaired,  magazines  were 
restocked,  gunnery  practice  was  held  and  Sailors  hung 
over  the  sides  painting  the  white  ships  a wartime  gray. 
One  ship  was  dry-docked,  scraped  and  painted  within 
24  hours.  Throughout,  Dewey  remained  confidant.  "Our 
squadron  will  be  superior  to  the  Spanish,"  he  wrote  his 

son.  "I  think  it  will  be  short  work  for  us." 

The  American  squadron  was  not  big,  but  it  packed  a 
pretty  mean  punch.  Besides  his  flagship,  the  cruiser 
Olympia,  Dewey  had  three  other  cruisers  — Baltimore, 
Boston  and  Raleigh.  He  also  had  two  gunboats.  Concord 
and  Petrel,  and  the  revenue  cutter  McCulloch.  All  told, 
his  force  consisted  of  more  than  1,800  men,  33  mounted 
guns  of  six  inches  or  more  that  could  fire  a broadside 
totaling  3,700  pounds. 

Opposing  him  was  Admiral  Patricio  Montojo  Pasaron 
and  a Spanish  squadron  of  12  vessels  — seven  cruisers, 
five  gunboats,  two  torpedo  boats  and  two  transports.  Of 
the  cruisers,  only  Montojo's  flagship,  Reina  Christina, 
could  be  called  modern.  She  came  in  at  3,500  tons  and 
mounted  six  6.2-inch  guns,  but  she  was  not  considered 
seaworthy  due  to  a leak  in  her  hull.  Another  of 
Montojo's  cruisers,  the  wooden  Castilla,  was  unable  to 
move  under  her  own  power. 

Together,  Montojo's  fleet  had  1,200  men,  14  mounted 



guns  of  six  inches  or  more  and  fired  a broadside  totaling 
1,273  pounds. 

What  the  Spanish  admiral  did  have  in  his  favor, 
though,  was  the  added  strength  of  several  shore  batteries 
protecting  Manila  and  the  entrance  to  the  harbor.  Realiz- 
ing he  had  little  chance  of  defeating  Dewey  in  a battle  of 
maneuver,  Montojo  planned  to  fight  at  anchor,  using  his 
ships  as  a fortress  fleet  to  supplement  these  batteries. 
Wisely,  he  anchored  off  Cavite  rather  than  Manila  itself. 

"I  refused  to  have  our  ships  near  the  city  of  Manila,"  he 
said,  "because,  far  from  defending  it,  this  would  provoke 
the  enemy  to  bombard  the  plaza,  which  doubtless  would 
have  been  demolished  on  account  of  its  few  defenses."  On 
April  30,  towing  the  Castilla  behind  a transport  ship, 
Montojo  anchored  his  fleet  in  line  of  battle:  Reina  Christina, 
Castilla,  Don  Juan  de  Austria,  Don  Juan  de  Ulloa,  Luzon,  Cuba 
and  Marques  del  Duero.  The  stage  was  set. 


After  receiving  his  orders,  Dewey  waited  in  Mirs  Bay 
(some  distance  up  the  Chinese  coast  from  Hong  Kong)  for 
36  hours  until  the  American  consul  arrived  from  Manila 
with  the  latest  word  on  Spanish  preparations.  Satisfied 
that  he  was  ready,  Dewey  set  sail  for  the  Philippines  on 
April  27.  He  drilled  his  men  hard  throughout  the  three- 
day  transit.  Battle  drills  were  conducted  day  and  night  — 
fire  fighting  and  damage  control  training,  too.  So  con- 
cerned was  he  about  the  threat  of  fire  that  he  ordered 
practically  everything  flammable  thrown  overboard. 

Wooden  chairs,  books,  tables,  chests  and  even  paint  cans 
bobbed  up  and  down  in  the  fleet's  wake.  The  commodore 
was  leaving  nothing  to  chance. 

On  the  afternoon  of  April  30,  the  squadron  arrived 
in  Subic  Bay  and  looked  around.  They  expected  some 
Spanish  presence  there,  but  Montojo  had  evacuated  the 
area  days  before  to  strengthen  his  position  at  Manila. 
Finding  them  gone,  Dewey  knew  just  where  to  search. 
"Now  we  have  them,"  he  remarked. 

Off  Cavite,  Montojo  received  word  of  Dewey's 
movements.  "At  7 p.m.  I received  a telegram  from  Subic 
announcing  that  the  enemy's  squadron  had  entered  the 
port  at  3 p.m.,  doubtless  seeking  our  ships."  He  knew  that 
when  Dewey  didn't  find  him  there,  he  would  come  full 
bore  to  Manila.  It  was  just  a matter  of  time.  With  only 
hours  left  to  prepare,  the  Spanish  admiral  put  his  com- 
manders on  full  alert,  gun  crews  at  the  ready. 

The  broad  opening  into  Manila  Bay  is  divided  into  two 
channels,  the  larger  one  being  about  three  and  a half 
miles  wide  and  17  to  30  fathoms  deep.  Dewey  figured 
that  its  depth  would  prevent  effective  mining  and  its 
width  would  prevent  accurate  fire  from  the  shore  batter- 
ies flanking  either  side.  But  some  on  his  staff  disagreed 
and  felt  the  threat  of  mines  to  be  very  real.  Dewey  re- 
mained adamant.  In  reply  to  the  suggestion  of  his 
nephew.  Lieutenant  William  Winder,  that  a supply  ship 
lead  the  formation  in,  Dewey  said,  "Billy,  I have  waited 
60  years  for  this  opportunity.  Mines  or  no  mines,  I am 
leading  the  squadron  in  myself." 


Just  after  midnight  on  May  1,  1898,  the  commodore  did 
just  that.  With  men  at  general  quarters  and  all  lights 
extinguished  save  stern  lights,  Dewey's  column  of  ships 
approached  the  entrance  to  Manila  Bay.  All  was  quiet.  In 
the  moonlight  broken  by  passing  clouds,  they  must  have 
been  visible  to  spotters  ashore.  Within  minutes  signal 
lights  were  seen  flashing,  and  within  minutes  of  that  the 
batteries  on  the  south  side  of  the  channel  let  loose.  Their 
shots  fell  wide,  splashing  harmlessly  in  the  water.  The 
ships  in  the  rear  answered  immediately  and  silenced  the 

Having  entered  the  bay  without  a scratch,  Dewey 
slowed  base  speed  to  four  knots,  timing  the  squadron's 
arrival  for  daybreak.  It  was  already  hot.  A humid  mist 
rose  from  the  surface  of  the  water.  Pitch  bubbled  up  from 



seams  in  the  deck,  sticking  to  the  bottoms  of  shoes.  Below 
decks,  with  all  portholes  secured,  men  felt  like  they  were 
being  cooked  alive.  Charles 
Twitchell,  a coal  stoker 
aboard  the  flagship,  vividly 
recalled  the  conditions:  "The 
clatter  of  the  engines  and  the 
roaring  of  the  furnaces  made 
such  a din  it  seemed  one's 
head  would  burst.  The  heat 
grew  so  unbearably  fierce  at 
times  our  hands  and  wrists 
would  seem  on  fire,  and  we 
had  to  plunge  them  in 
water."  Another  Sailor  proclaimed  that,  "Hell  ain't  no 
hotter  than  this!" 

The  commodore  was  not  unsympathetic.  At  4:30  a.m., 
he  ordered  all  personnel  working  below  to  come  topside 
for  a break.  There,  they  were  given  water  and  coffee  and  a 
chance  to  breathe  the  fresh  morning  air.  The  gesture  was 
not  lost  on  the  grateful  crew.  "We  knew  that  might  mean 
that  this  was  the  last 
glimpse  we  would  ever  get 
of  the  deck,"  remembered 
Twitchell,  "and  we  went 
down  prepared  to  go  to 
the  bottom  of  Manila  Bay. 

Battened  down  the  way 
we  were  ....  Had  she  been 
sunk  there  would  not  have 
been  the  slightest  chance 
of  escape." 

Dewey's  timing  was 
perfect;  the  squadron 
arrived  off  Manila  just 
after  5 a.m.  Through  the 
early  morning  mist  men 
could  see  the  church  spires 
and  rooftops  of  Manila  but 
no  Spanish  ships.  Then 
Dewey  looked  south  — 
there  they  were,  lying  at 
anchor  in  a crescent- 
shaped column  stretching 
west  to  east  off  Sangley 
Point.  Just  then  the  city's 

MAY  1998 

batteries  opened  up,  but  the  commodore  ignored  them  as 
their  shots  screamed  overhead.  He  had  found  his  prey. 

Calmly  he  ordered  a right 
turn  and  an  increase  in  base 
speed  to  eight  knots, 
steering  the  column  straight 
for  the  Spaniards.  A ner- 
vous Chicago  Record  corre- 
spondent, John  T. 
McCutcheon,  riding  aboard 
McCullough,  likened  the 
move  to  "going  into  the 
jaws  of  a dragon."  The  end 
of  an  era  was  at  hand. 


Aboard  Reina  Christina,  Montojo  watched  and  waited. 
He  heard  the  shore  batteries  firing  on  Dewey  the  night 
before  and  had  ordered  his  forces  to  prepare  for  action. 
"All  the  vessels  had  taken  down  their  masts  and  yards 
and  oats,"  he  recalled,  "to  avoid  the  effects  of  projectiles 

USS  Olympia  leads  the  American  squadron  in  battle  off  Cavite  where  near  misses  from  the 
Spanish  warships  splashed  around  her.  The  American  ships  suffered  only  15  direct  hits,  none  of 
them  critical. 

“Billy,  I have  waited  60 
years  for  this  opportunity. 
Mines  or  no  mines, 

I am  leading  the  squadron 
in  myself.” 

--  Commodore  George  Dewey 


and  splinters,  had  their  anchors  buoyed  and  cables  ready 
to  slip  instantly."  Time  was  growing  short  and  Montojo 
knew  it.  When  at  last  he  could  see  the  Americans  off 
Manila,  he  took  quick  stock  of  his  forces  and  prepared  to 

Standing  in  Olympia's  flying  bridge,  Dewey  listened 
closely  as  navigator  Lieutenant  Carlos  Calkins  called  out 
the  diminishing  range  to  the  enemy.  In  the  flagship's 
wake,  at  400  yard  intervals, 
steamed  Baltimore,  Raleigh, 

Petrel,  Concord  and  Boston.  The 
little  McCullough  and  two  coal 
tenders  were  ordered  to  an 
isolated  part  of  the  bay  so  as  not 
to  hamper  the  cruisers.  Tension 
was  high.  One  of  the  forward 
gun  pointers  aboard  Olympia 
reported  that  he  had  stared  so 
intently  through  his  gun  sights 
during  the  advance  that  when 
he  closed  his  eyes  for  a brief 
moment,  the  image  of  it  had 
become  burned  on  his  eyelids. 

At  about  5:15  a.m.,  with  the 
American  squadron  three  miles 
away  and  closing,  Montojo 
ordered  his  fleet  and  shore 
batteries  to  open  fire.  The 
Spanish  guns  roared  to  life. 

From  his  vantage  point,  it 
appeared  to  Calkins  that  "fire- 
crackers" were  exploding  on 
Reina  Christina  and  Castilla.  One 
shell  from  Christina  ricocheted 
off  the  water  and  tumbled  over  the  mast  of  Olympia. 
Another  cut  away  her  forward  rigging,  and  one  6-inch 
shell  shot  away  the  signal  halyards  not  4 feet  above 
Dewey's  head.  He  didn't  flinch.  Nor  would  he  order  a 
response.  "We  were  patient  for  20  minutes,"  Calkins 

Finally,  at  5:40  a.m.,  with  the  range  closed  to  5,500 
yards,  Dewey  hailed  Captain  Charles  Gridley,  Olympia's 
commanding  officer.  "You  may  fire  when  ready, 
Gridley,"  he  ordered.  Almost  immediately,  the  American 
guns  spoke  with  one  dreadful  voice.  "Like  an  echo  the 
bugles  sounded  'Fire!'"  recalled  a gunner's  mate,  and  the 

starboard,  8-inch  bow  gun  "belched  her  pent  up  venom" 
at  Reina  Christina.  "Riding  back  on  her  trunnions,  she  slid 
again  into  battery  as  No.  2 [gunner's  mate]  with  crank  in 
hand,  stepped  out  to  meet  her." 

After  a few  minutes,  Dewey  ordered  another  right 
turn,  running  his  squadron  parallel  with  the  Spanish  at 
about  4,000  yards.  As  the  American  cruisers,  steaming 
now  at  a closer  200-yard  interval,  wheeled  in  line  behind 

the  flagship  the  fighting  became 
general.  Shells  rained  down  on 
Montojo  and  his  fleet.  "The 
Americans  fired  most  rapidly," 
reported  the  Spanish  admiral. 
"There  came  upon  us  number- 
less projectiles,  as  the  three 
cruisers  at  the  head  of  the  line 
devoted  themselves  almost 
entirely  to  fight  the  Christina." 

But  so  thick  was  the  smoke 
over  the  bay  that  gunners  on 
both  sides  found  it  impossible  to 
gauge  accuracy.  What  little  the 
Americans  could  see  told  them 
the  Spanish  had  not  been  hit 
hard  enough.  To  compensate, 
Dewey  ordered  his  squadron  to 
pass  back  and  forth  in  front  of 
the  enemy  line  in  a series  of  long 
ellipses,  making  three  [passes] 
from  eastward  and  two  from 
westward.  Ensign  W.  Pitt  Scott 
of  Olympia  remembered  the 
decision:  "We  had  anticipated 
that  once  across  their  line  would 
be  sufficient  to  silence  them,  but  they  did  not  yield,  and 
so  ...  we  turned  and  went  back  at  them  again.  It  was 
getting  real  interesting  now,  for  many  of  their  shots  were 
coming  close  aboard,  and  the  screech  of  the  shots  as  they 
whistled  over  our  heads  was  anything  but  pleasant." 

At  one  point,  Dewey  got  as  close  as  2,000  yards  to 
Montojo's  fleet.  The  firing  became  relentless.  Exploding 
shells  were  so  numerous  and  so  thick  that  watching  them 
almost  became  mere  distraction.  "Now  and  then  we 
would  see  a shot  strike  the  water  ahead  of  us  and  explode 
and  the  pieces  of  it  come  at  us,"  recalled  Scott.  "I  was 
surprised  to  find  how  little  it  disturbed  us."  Dewey 

Commodore  George  Dewey  onboard  his  flagship 
USS  Olympia  in  Manila  Bay.  The  turret  of  one  of 
Olympia’s  8-inch  guns  is  at  right,  and  two  of  her  5- 
inch  broadside  guns  are  seen  in  the  background. 



The  crew  of  USS  Olympia  march  in  New 
York’s  Dewey  Day  Parade  Sept.  26, 
1899.  The  battle  made  Dewey  and  his 
men  national  heroes. 

himself  tried  early  on  to  count  the 
number  of  Spanish  shots  but  soon 
had  to  give  up.  He,  too,  was  uncon- 
cerned. "When  a shell  comes 
straight  along  through  the  air  one 
does  not  have  time  to  catch  sight  of 
it  until  it  has  passed.  ...  But  when  it 
bursts  in  the  air  before  one's  face  the 
air  seems  to  be  full  of  chunks  of 


After  slugging  it  out  for  two 
hours  with  Montojo,  Dewey  decided  to  draw  off  and 
check  his  ammunition  stores.  He  had  received  reports  of 
dangerously  low  amounts  and  needed  verification.  So  as 
not  to  worry  his  men,  the  commodore  passed  it  off  as  a 
chance  to  eat  breakfast.  One  eager  gunner  spoke  for  many 
when  he  yelled  out,  "For  God's  sake,  captain.  Don't  let  us 
stop  now!  To  hell  with  breakfast!" 

Nevertheless,  the  break  was  welcome.  "It  was  only 
7:30,  but  it  seemed  to  us  all  as  if  it  were  the  middle  of  the 
day,"  remarked  Scott.  Men  poured  out  on  deck  from  the 
oven  below  in  any  matter  of  dress.  To  Calkins,  it  looked 
as  though  uniforms  were  chosen  "according  to  natural 
selection."  Sailors  sported  golf  caps,  pith  helmets,  old 
pajamas  and  skimpy  undershirts.  Indeed,  some  were 
barely  clothed.  "It  was  the  dirtiest-looking  crowd  that  I 
have  ever  seen,"  said  Scott.  "It  was  so  hot  that  many  had 
stripped  off  nearly  all  their  clothes;  in  fact,  in  the  turrets 
they  did  strip  off  about  everything  except  their  shoes, 
which  they  kept  on  to  protect  their  feet  from  the  hot 
floor."  Awaiting  them  in  the  fresh  air  were  sardines, 
hardtack,  corned  beef  and  coffee.  It  tasted  good. 

The  news  Dewey  received  was  also  good.  Not  only  did 
he  have  ample  ammunition  left,  but  his  squadron  had 
suffered  very  little  damage  indeed.  There  were  no  casual- 
ties, except  one  aboard  the  Baltimore.  Olympia  and  Balti- 
more were  each  hit  five  times,  with  Boston  taking  four 
shells  and  Petrel  only  one.  None  of  the  hits  were  critical. 

The  same  could  not  be  said  for  the  Spanish.  As  the 
smoke  cleared,  the  carnage  inflicted  by  American  gunnery 

became  clearly  evident.  With  the  exception  of  a few 
gunboats,  Montojo's  force  had  been  totally  annihilated. 
Reina  Christina  and  Castilla  were  both  sunk,  and  the  rest 
lay  twisted  and  burning  in  the  shallow  water  off  Cavite. 
More  than  300  Spanish  sailors  were  killed  or  wounded. 


Dewey  reengaged  just  after  11:00  a.m.  but  met  little,  if 
any,  resistance.  By  12:30  p.m.,  the  Spanish  colors  over  the 
arsenal  on  Sangley  Point  were  replaced  by  a white  flag. 
The  Battle  of  Manila  Bay  was  over. 

When  news  of  the  American  victory  reached  home,  the 
nation  went  wild  and  Dewey  became  an  instant  hero. 
Domestic  support  for  the  war  against  Spain  rose  to  an  all- 
time  high.  On  Aug.  13,  1898,  Manila  fell  to  an  American 
occupation  force  with 
only  token  resistance, 
paving  the  way  for 
American  annexation  of 
the  Philippine  Islands. 

The  United  States 
had  finally  acquired  a 
foothold  in  the  Western 
Pacific,  the  importance 
of  which  would  not 
fully  be  realized  until 
World  War  II. 

But  that's  another 
story...  £ 

To  learn  more  about  the 
Spanish-American  War 
click  on:  <www.  mil>  or 

MAY  1 998 



The  Sporting  Life 

he  Navy's  filled  with  sports  nuts.  I'm  not 
talking  about  your  run-of-the-mill  fan  here. 
No,  I'm  talking  about  the  true  fanatic,  the 
type  of  individual  who  craves  sports  news  like 
normal  people  need  air.  In  the  days  before  the  "net" 
and  other  news  sources,  shipboard  Sailors  made 
sure  they  had  an  inside  source  in  Communications, 
someone  who  could  pass  along  the  scores  as  the 
games  were  in  progress. 

Today,  not  every  ship  has  Internet  access  — at 
least  not  yet.  For  those  Sailors,  the  Navy  is  provid- 
ing news  services  to  keep  them  up-to-date  on  what- 
ever season  it  happens  to  be.  Take  Stripes  Lite,  for 
instance.  Every  day,  ships  at  sea  can  get  the  bare 
bones  version  of  the  Stars  and  Stripes,  including 
sports  news.  "TimesFax,"  a service  of  the  New  York 
Times,  also  makes  sure  shipbound  seamen  receive 
their  daily  dose  of  sports  pills. 

For  those  fortunate  enough  to  have  access  to  the 
web,  at  sea  or  ashore,  there  is  a veritable  stadium  of 
quality  sites  with  stats  on  your  favorite  teams. 

Let's  start  off  with  the  sites  that  give  everyone 
something.  Yahoo!  Sports  ( 
offers  pages  featuring  the  NBA,  NHL,  NFL, 
NASCAR,  tennis,  golf,  soccer  and  more  sports  than 
you  can  stand  at  one  sitting  (stand  at  one  sitting? 
Did  I really  write  that?).  Other  sites  worth  checking 
out  include  ESPN  Sportszone 
(,  CNN /SI 
(,  CBS  Sports- 
Line  (  and 
The  Sporting  News 
(  Most 
of  these  sites  feature  scrolling 
scoreboards  so  you  don't  have  to 
search  for  the  latest  box  scores 

from  ongoing  Major  League  Baseball  games. 

And  speaking  of  Major  League  Baseball,  the 
season  is  in  full-swing  (pardon  the  pun).  Each  team 
can  be  found  on  the  web  so  fans  can  get  the  current 
line-up,  complete  team  roster  and  even  purchase 
tickets.  For  instance,  I profess  a life-long  devotion  to 
MY  San  Francisco  Giants  (  and 
their  page  keeps  me  informed  even  when  I'm  sta- 
tioned on  that  "other"  coast. 

Beyond  professional  sports,  amateurs  offer  some 
of  the  most  exciting  games  around.  Did  you  check 
out  the  official  web  site  during  the  recently-com- 
pleted Nagano  Olympics?  Despite  the  weird  weath- 
er, IBM  kept  the  latest  news  from 
Japan  flowing  around  the  world. 
You  can  check  out  the  latest 
goings-on  in  Sydney,  even  though 
it's  still  two  years  away.  The 
Sydney  2000  homepage  can  be 
found  at 

While  the  Olympics  may  be 



the  pinnacle  of  amateur 
sport,  these  athletes  have 
to  start  somewhere.  One 
such  place  is  in  the  Navy. 

Go  to  the  Navy  Sports 

( ) 
and  get  the  latest  news  on  the  Navy  Midshipmen. 
The  site  is  complete  and  covers  all  the  sports  at  the 
U.S.  Naval  Academy.  If  you  want  the  official  word, 
the  academy  also  has  its  own  page  from  the  athletic 
department  (  athletics.htm). 

With  some  searching, 
you  may  even  find  some 
sites  of  special  interest  to 
Sailors.  For  instance,  take 
the  Navy  Shooting  Team 
(  This 
loose  organization  helps 
coordinate  Sailor  participation  in  Navy  and  national 
shooting  competitions. 

From  baseball  to  baton  twirling,  from  polo  to 
hacky  sack  — you  can  find  what  you  want  at  a place 
that  is  truly  at  your  fingertips  — the  internet. 

You  cant  sit  (hire  Mover! 

As  I sat  at  my  computer  contemplating  this 
month's  article,  I began  to  notice  something.  It 
was  my  chair.  Although  I haven't  had  it  for  very 
long,  it's  contours  had  already  started  reshaping 
themselves  to  ensure  that  I,  and  I alone,  could 
feel  fully  comfortable  within  the 
chair's  gentle  grip. 

Could  it  be?  Could  I have  been 
sittinf  a tad  bit  too  long  in  front 
of  the  computer?  You  betcha! 

I heard  an  expert  on  the  radio 
say  that,  for  every  hour  spent  on 
the  computer,  we  should  be 
spending  five  minutes  exercising! 

I thought  I was  doing  that.  Every 
so  often  I do  get  up  and  go  for  a 
walk.  I mean,  the  coffee  is  located 
on  the  other  side  of  the  office  and  the  parking  lot 
requires  that  I negotiate  steps,  curbs  and  the 
occasional  puddle. 

Maybe  that  wasn't  what  was  meant  by  "exer- 

Lucky  for  me  (and  maybe  you?)  there  are 
people  who  do  know  what  exercise  is  and  how  it 
can  make  our  lives  better.  Start,  for  example,  with 
the  American  Medical  Association  (AMA).  The 
AMA's  Health  Insight  site  has  a page  devoted  to 
general  health  topics  ( 

).  From  warm 

up  and  cool  down  to  a list  of  reasons  to  start  a 
program,  this  site  has  information  collected  from 

medical  experts  designed  to  get  us  off  the  coach 
and  into  the  gym. 

World  Fitness  ( /)  is  main- 

tained by  an  American  Council  on  Exercise  (ACE)- 
certified  personal  trainer.  In  addition  to  help  in 
designing  an  exercise  program, 
there  are  also  instructions  on  build- 
ing your  own  step  exercise  equip- 
ment (unless  you  like  spending 
$50).  Another  site  worth  checking 
out  is  designed  by  a certified  aero- 
bics instructor.  Train  the  Smart  Way 
dxcatwj Ltois/  -foiilbaoh L ,/ 

) provides  you  with  a lot 
of  information  and,  most  important- 
ly, links  to  sites  on  just  about  any 
fitness  topics  you  can  think  of. 

"Garbage  in,  garbage  out"  is  a phrase  most 
computer-users  know.  The  same  is  true  when  it 
comes  to  fitness.  It  figures  that  what  we  eat  should 
have  a part  in  how  we  feel.  One  of  the  most  com- 
plete places  to  visit  belongs  to  the  American  Dietet- 
ic Association  (  This  site  is 
home  to  the  association's  Eat  Right  Campaign  and 
features  a daily  nutrition  tip.  This  page  provides  a 
long  list  of  links  to  diet  and  nutrition  sites  and  is  a 
good  starting  point  in  your  search  for  food  facts. 

You  can't  argue  that  staying  fit  helps  us  live 
longer  and  better.  As  computers  become  more  and 
more  a part  of  our  lives,  fitness  and  exercise  be- 
come all  the  more  important. 

[fc  £<*  ta  | 

; '» 




iWEat.  Right  hot  topic 

a*™!  1-^  1 I 1 -j)Ww.  | j -i  5 

(The  mention  of  Internet  sites  in  this  article  does  not  imply  endorsement  by  the  DOD,  DON,  the  Naval  Media  Center  or  All  Hands  magazine.) 

Aviation  Structural 
Mechanic  (Hydraulics) 
1st  Class  Rhett  Bussler 

is  a rescue  swimmer  with  the 
search  and  rescue  squadron 
when  on  duty.  But  off  duty,  he 
spends  a lot  of  time  going 
around  in  circles...  well,  ovals 

^ actually.  Bussler 

and  his  crew,  which 
J mm  also  includes  NAS 
Oceana  Sailors, 
spend  their  week- 
i ends  at  the  race 
track  during  the 

season,  which  runs  from  April  to 


Navy  Career  Counselor 
Chief  (SW)  Bill  McClinton 

played  semipro  football  with  the 
Tulsa  Bandits  until  his  transfer  to 
Navy  Recruiting  San  Diego.  He 
began  his  semi-pro  career  in  1991 
with  the  Chicago  Thunder  as  a 
middle  linebacker  and  was  voted 
Defensive  Rookie  of  the  Year  in 

aims  to  be  the  best  when  it 

comes  to  skeet  shooting.  The 
native  of  Jeffersonville, 

Ind.,  was  the  top  military 
finisher  at  the  1997  A 

I World  Championship 
and  placed  6th  M A 

overall  in  the  Open  M M 
Division.  Cunning-  M m 

ham,  a member  of  ■ ■ 

the  Navy  skeet  B g 

team  and  board  I I 

member  of  three  ■ ■ 

separate  skeet  M % 

organizations,  is  a % 

diver  assigned  to 
Shore  Intermediate 
Maintenance  Activity,  ^ 


(gAV  Y®’' 

! Master-at-Arms  2nd  Glass  (SW)  Kevin 

l Palmer  is  the  current  Oriental  Pacific  Boxing  Federa- 
I t tion  Middleweight  Champion.  The  Brooklyn,  N.Y., 

native  is  assigned  to  Commander,  Fleet  Activities  Yoko- 
suka, Japan,  and  has  held  his  championship  belt  for  the 
past  18  months.  His  record  of  17  wins,  0 losses  and  1 tie 
(with  10  knockouts)  places  him  5th  in  the  World  Boxing 
Association  rankings. 



. A 

f Tii 

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Ok  '/I 

d from  the  Fleet 

e-  LTJG  Margaret  Ashworth 
imand:  Naval  Medical  Center  Portsmouth,  Va. 

on,e  DutV  . .hle  The  impossible  just  takes  a 

,orite  Quote:  “Nothing  is  impossib  . 

8 longer’'  u „ , rtrpam  vou  will  find  a 

V to  8. tXfneeBd?to°ttdeo^and1ou  will  make  it  come  true.” 



•ital  Corpsmen 

lig  Lives  for  100  Years 

mer  Travel  Tips 

t * 


Number  974 

Hospital  Corpsmen  — Taking  health 
care  to  the  deckplates 

Special  Amphibious  Reconnaissance  Corpsmen 

Surgical  Technologists 


Independent  Duty  Corpsmen 

Eject...  Eject...  Eject! 

When  an  S-3  crashes  in  the  Pacific,  Navy  medicine 
goes  on  red  alert.  The  emergency  response  team 
readies  the  ER  and  prepares  for  the  worst. 

Robby  the  Robot 

Naval  Hospital  Jacksonville’s  new  hi-tech 
employee  can  fill  250  prescriptions  per  hour 
without  a break. 

Vacation  Globe  Trotters 

Wondering  what 
to  do  this  sum 
mer?  Take  a look 
at  these  pages  for 

Medical  Breakthrough 

A special  team  of  doctors  and  hospital  corpsmen  at 
Naval  Medical  Research  Institute,  Bethesda,  Md., 
are  close  to  finding  a way  of  reducing,  and  possibly 
eliminating,  the  risk  of  tissue  rejection  during  organ 


Rx  for  Healthy  Living 

Navy  medicine  has  the  prescription  for  helping 
Sailors  stay  fit  and  healthy. 

Tradition.  Valor.  Sacrifice. 

With  undaunted  courage  and 
fierce  determination  Navy 
Corpsmen  have  treated 
Sailors  and  Marines  for  100 



Cheap  Travel 

Taking  a summer  vacation  doesn’t  have  to  cost 
you  your  savings.  Check  out  these  pages  for 
travel  bargains. 

Fly  Free ...  Almost 

Flying  Space-A  can  be  a great  deal  if  you  know 
how  to  work  the  system.  Check  out  these 
pages  to  see  how  you  can  fly  around  the  world 
for  practically  nothing. 

uGet  Up  and  Go!” 

If  you’re  looking 
for  some  cool 
summer  sites, 
check  out  our 
map  for  locations 
near  you. 

DT3  Colon  Melendez,  a 
surgical  technologist 
assigned  to  the  National 
Naval  Medical  Center, 
Bethesda.  Md.,  assists 
during  oral  surgery. 
Photo  by  PHAN  Lena 




Eye  on  the  Fleet 

Around  the  Fleet 


By  HMCS(FMF)  Mark  T.  Hacala 



I tradition,  valor 
and  sacrifice  have  marked  the  history  of  the  U.S.  Navy  Hospital 
Corps.  Since  1898,  hospital  corpsmen  have  cared  for  wounded 
and  sick  Sailors  and  Marines.  Their  continuous  dedication  to 
saving  the  lives  of  their  patients,  frequently  at  the  risk  of  their 
own,  has  earned  them  accolades  at  sea  and  on  land  through 
every  war  and  conflict  of  the  20th  century. 

Prior  to  the  establishment  of  the  Hospital  Corps,  enlisted 
personnel  assisted  the  ship’s  surgeons  in  caring  for  the  sick.  Junior 
and  senior  medical  department  personnel  changed  rating  names 

An  apothecary  (petty 
officer  first  class)  treats 
a shipmate  aboard 
USS  Boston  in  1888. 

several  times  between  1775  and  1898, 
using  colorful  titles  at  each  phase.  The 
name  “loblolly  boy,”  one  who  carried 
loblolly  or  porridge  to  the  sick,  was  used 
until  the  Civil  War  when  it  was  replaced  by 
“nurse.”  In  the  1870s  the  name  “nurse”  was 
retitled  “bayman,”  because  the  Sailor 
worked  in  sick  bay.  Senior  personnel  were 
known  as  surgeon’s  stewards  and  later  as 

By  the  late  1800s,  the  Surgeon  General 
of  the  Navy  advocated  a new  system  of 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  First 
Class  Thomas  Moore 
performs  an  appendectomy 
in  the  wardroom  of  USS 
Silversides  in  enemy 
waters,  December  1942. 

Two  other  hospital 
corpsmen  performed 
successful  appendectomies 
under  similar  circumstances 
during  World  War  II. 

\or.  Sacrifice. 

Hospital  corpsmen  celebrate  1 00  years  of  service. 

JUNE  1998 


U . S . NAVY 





Hospital  Corpsmen  (total): 

• Independent  duty  corpsmen: 

• Corpsmen  stationed 
aboard  ship: 

• Corpsmen  attached  to  Fleet 
Marine  Force: 


Dental  Technicians: 

• Dental  Technicians  stationed 
aboard  ship: 

Medical  Service  Corps  Officers: 


Pints  of  blood  donated  per  vear: 
Live  births  in  Navy  hospitals: 
Average  in-patient  stay  (1990): 
Average  in-patient  stay  (1997): 

Eyeglass  prescriptions  filled: 

Source:  BUMED 

employing  medical  department  Sailors.  Rather  than  assigning 
one  of  the  crew  out  of  necessity,  as  was  done  with  many  loblolly 
boys  and  baymen,  a trained  group  of  volunteers  was  advocated. 
Based  on  the  model  of  the  Army’s  Hospital  Corps,  the  Navy 
would  seek  recruits,  pay  them  better,  and  train  them  uniformly. 
This  plan  was  adopted  during  the  Spanish-American  War  when 
President  William  McKinley  signed  into  law  a bill  establishing 
the  Navy  Hospital  Corps,  June  17,  1898. 

The  early  history  of  the  corps  set  a pace  of  conspicuous 
service  that  continues  to  the  present.  During  the  1900  Boxer 
Rebellion  in  Peking,  China,  Hospital  Apprentice  Robert  Stanley 
volunteered  for  the  dangerous  mission  of  running  message 
dispatches  under  fire.  For  his  bravery,  Stanley  became  the  first  in 
a long  line  of  hospital  corpsmen  to  receive  the  Medal  of  Honor. 
Five  years  later,  when  USS  Bennington’s  boiler  exploded  in  San 
Diego  harbor  on  July  21,  1905,  Hospital  Steward  William 
Shacklette  was  badly  burned  along  with  almost  half  the  crew. 
Although  seriously  hurt,  he  rescued  and  treated  many  of  his 
shipmates.  He  too  was  given  the  Medal  of  Honor. 

Within  a few  short  years,  the  Hospital  Corps  would  face  the 
rigors  of  combat  with  the  Marines  in  World  War  I.  Through 
machine  gun  fire  and  mustard  gas,  hospital  corpsmen  treated 
more  than  13,000  casualties  in  France.  This  group  of  300  Sailors 
would  earn  two  Medals  of  Honor,  55  Navy  Crosses,  31  Army 
Distinguished  Service  Crosses  and  237  Silver  Stars.  Their  684 
personal  awards  would  make  them  the  most  decorated  American 
unit  in  World  War  I.  “There  were  many  heroes  who  wore  the 
insignia  of  the  Navy  Hospital  Corps,”  noted  a Marine  Corps 
regimental  commander  at  Belleau  Wood  where  4,600  Marines 
fell  to  enemy  fire. 

Naval  Hospital  San  Diego’s 
ambulance,  manned  by 
hospital  corpsmen,  in 
the  1920s. 

The  Medal  of  Honor  was  established  by  a Joint  Resolution  of  Congress  on 
July  12, 1862,  and  later  amended  by  Congress  in  1918  and  1963. 

The  award  is  presented  by  the  President, 

on  behalf  of  Congress,  to  any  person  whose 
actions  exhibit  a level  of  personal  bravery  or 
self-sacrifice  so  conspicuous  as  to  clearly  distin- 
guish that  individual  above  his  comrades.  These 
actions  must  have  involved  risk  of  life,  above  and 
beyond  the  call  of  duty,  while  engaged  in  an  action 
against  an  enemy  of  the  United  States  or  during 
other  situational  armed  conflicts. 

The  medal  was  originally  awarded  to  petty 
officers,  seamen,  landsmen  and  Marines.  Officers 
were  not  eligible  until  March  3, 1915,  but  some 
awards  were  made  retroactive  to  earlier 
campaigns.  An  act  of  Congress  on  Aug.  7, 1942, 
established  the  Medal  of  Honor  as  a combat  award 
only.  It  is  the  highest  award  for  gallantry  that  the 
United  States  bestows. 

Photo  above:  Hospital  corpsmen  in  front  of  an  aid  station  near  Verdun, 
France,  April  1918.  A total  of  300  medical  Sailors  served  with  the 
Marines  in  France.  They  earned  684  personal  decorations,  making  them 
the  most  decorated  American  unit  of  World  War  I. 

Hospital  Corps  and  Medical  Personnel 
awarded  the  Medal  of  Honor: 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  1st  Class  John  H.  Balch 
Hospital  Corpsman  3rd  Class  Donald  F.  Ballard 
Hospital  Corpsman  3rd  Class  Edward  C.  Benfold 
LT  Joel  T.  Boone,  MC 

Hospital  Apprentice  1 st  Class  Robert  E.  Bush 
Hospital  Corpsman  3rd  Class  Wayne  M.  Caron 
Hospital  Corpsman  3rd  Class  William  R.  Charette 
Hospitalman  Richard  D.  Dewert 
Surgeon  Middleton  S.  Elliott 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  2nd  Class  William  D.  Halyburton,  Jr. 

Hospitalman  Francis  C.  Hammond 

Hospital  Apprentice  1 st  Class  David  E.  Hayden 

Hospitalman  John  E.  Kilmer 

Surgeon  Cary  D.  Langhorne 

Hospital  Apprentice  1st  Class  Fred  F.  Lester 

LCDR  Alexander  G.  Lyle,  DC 

Hospital  Apprentice  Fred  H.  McGuire 

LTJG  Weedon  E.  Osborne,  DC 

LT  Orlando  H.  Petty,  MC 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  1st  Class  Francis  J.  Pierce 

Hospital  Corpsman  2nd  Class  David  R.  Ray 

Hospital  Steward  William  S.  Shacklette 

Hospital  Apprentice  Robert  H.  Stanley 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  2nd  Class  George  E.  Wahlen 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  3rd  Class  Jack  Williams 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  1st  Class  John  H.  Willis 

Hospital  Apprentice  1st  Class  William  Zuiderveld 

JUNE  1998 


Rushing  a casualty  to 
triage  from  a CH-53 
helicopter.  Hospital 
corpsmen  served  with 
fleet  hospitals  and  with 
Marine  Corps  units  in 
the  Persian  Gulf  War, 

Hospital  corpsmen  also  set  an  exceptional  record  of  valor  in 
World  War  II.  They  worked  in  hospitals  and  hospital  ships  all 
over  the  world,  set  up  beach  aid  stations  in  Italy  and  Normandy, 
bandaged  kamikaze  survivors  at  sea,  and  dodged  bullets  and 
shells  during  the  bloody  island  campaigns  in  the  Pacific.  Their 
initiative  and  skill  was  noteworthy.  Pharmacist’s  Mate  First  Class 
Wheeler  Lipes,  Harry  Roby  and  Thomas  Moore  each  performed 
a successful  appendectomy,  without  the  aid  of  a physician,  while 
aboard  submarines  in  enemy  waters. 

Pharmacist’s  Mate  Second  Class  John  H.  Bradley’s  heroism 
with  the  28th  Marines  on  Iwo  Jima  is  typical  of  acts  repeated  by 
hospital  corpsmen  throughout  the  war.  Bradley  rushed  through  a 
mortar  barrage  and  heavy  machine  gun  fire  to  aid  a wounded 
Marine.  Although  other  men  from  his  unit  were  willing  to  help, 
Bradley  motioned  them  to  stay  back.  Shielding  the  Marine  from 
fire  with  his  own  body,  the  hospital  corpsman  administered  a unit 
of  plasma  and  bandaged  his  wounds.  He  then  pulled  the  man  30 
yards  under  fire  to  safety. 

Bradley  was  awarded  the  Navy  Cross  for  his  valor,  but  it  was 
another  courageous  act  that  would  put  him  in  the  history  books. 
Days  later,  he  and  five  Marines  were  captured  in  Joe  Rosenthal’s 
famous  photograph  of  the  second  flag  raising  on  Iwo  Jima’s  Mt. 
Suribachi.  This  image  has  been  reproduced  perhaps  more  than 
any  photo  in  history.  It  was  the  model  for  the  Marine  Corps  War 
Memorial  in  Arlington,  Va.,  and  made  Bradley  the  first  U.S.  Navy 
Sailor  to  appear  on  a postage  stamp.  But  Bradley’s  heroism  was 
not  an  isolated  act.  In  World  War  II,  the  Hospital  Corps  would 
earn  seven  Medals  of  Honor,  66  Navy  Crosses,  465  Silver  Star 
Medals,  and  982  Bronze  Star  Medals,  as  well  as  countless  other 
commendations  and  debts  of  gratitude. 

Although  the  U.S.  commitment  to  the  Korean  War  was 
limited,  30,064  Marines  and  Sailors  were  killed  or  wounded.  As 
in  previous  conflicts,  hospital  corpsmen  distinguished  them- 
selves. All  five  enlisted  Navy  Medals  of  Honor  for  the  Korean  War 
were  awarded  to  members  of  the  Hospital  Corps.  One  of  those 
awardees,  retired  HMCM(SS)  William  Charette,  reflected  years 

DENTAL  STATS  (1997) 


Root  canals: 

Teeth  pulled: 

Reconstructed  teeth: 

Dental  exams: 




Peridontal  procedures: 

TOP  5 



1.  Baby  deliveries 

2.  Knee  procedures 

3.  Uterine  procedures 

4.  Chest  pain 

5.  Digestive  disorders. 

Source:  BUMED 

:■  ‘ ■. 



Women  entered  the 
Hospital  Corps  in  World 
War  II  as  WAVES  (Women 
Accepted  for  Volunteer 
Emergency  Service).  A 
separate  school  was 
established  in  1944  to 
l train  them  in 
Bethesda,  Md. 

later  on  his  pride  in  being  a hospital  corpsman  in  Korea.  “It’s 
amazing  that  somewhere  there  are  some  people  walking  around 
that  wouldn’t  be  here  unless  we  had  been  there.” 

In  Vietnam,  hospital  corpsmen  played  a critical  role  in  aiding 
the  70,000  Navy  and  Marine  Corps  casualties.  At  station  hospitals 
in  Saigon  and  Da  Nang,  aboard  hospital  ships  offshore,  with 
medical  battalions  and  in  the  field  with  Marines,  hospital 
corspmen  ensured  the  best  possible  care  for  the  wounded,  often  at 

the  risk  of  their  own  lives.  When  an 
enemy  grenade  landed  near  HM3 
Donald  Ballard  and  several  casual- 
ties, he  covered  the  grenade  with  his 
body  to  save  his  Marines’  lives, 
earning  him  the  Medal  of  Honor. 
“My  job  was  needed,”  Ballard  said 
recently.  “I  felt  good  about  it.” 
Bravery  earned  hospital  corpsmen 
450  combat  decorations  in  Vietnam, 
but  not  without  a cost.  The  Hospital 
Corps  lost  638  of  their  own. 

Hospital  corpsmen  continued  to 
serve  in  peace,  in  war  and  in  situa- 
tions that  straddled  that  line  during 
the  1980s.  They  treated  gunshot 
and  shrapnel  wounds  in  Beirut  in 
1983,  when  a peacekeeping  mission 
escalated  into  a shooting  war.  Of 
the  18  hospital  corpsmen  in  the 
Marine  Battalion  Landing  Team 
Headquarters  building  on  October 
23,  only  3 survived  the  truck  bombing  which  killed  a total  of  241 
Americans.  Days  later,  other  hospital  corpsmen  would  participate 
in  the  invasion  of  Grenada.  In  the  Persian  Gulf,  independent  duty 
hospital  corpsmen  would  care  for  casualties  aboard  USS  Stark  in 
1987,  USS  Samuel  B.  Roberts  in  1988  and  in  Panama  in  1989. 

Iraq’s  1990-91  invasion  of  Kuwait  again  provided  challenges  j 
for  the  Hospital  Corps.  Corpsmen  around  the  globe  reacted  as 
their  ships,  stations  and  Marines  deployed  or  prepared  to  receive 
casualties.  Their  numbers  were  augmented  by  6,739  Naval 
Reserve  hospital  corpsmen  who  were  recalled  to  active  duty.  The 
first  Purple  Heart  awarded  to  a Sailor  in  the  Persian  Gulf  War 
was  given  to  a hospital  corpsman. 

While  technology  and  equipment  have  changed  through  the 
years,  today’s  hospital  corpsmen  continue  to  epitomize  the  tradi- 
tion, valor  and  sacrifice  displayed  by  corpsmen  during  the  past 
century.  As  in  the  past,  dedication  to  duty  and  devotion  to  their 
patients  remains  hospital  corpsmen’s  greatest  asset. 

Happy  100th  Birthday  Hospital  Corps. 


Hacala  is  assigned  to  the  Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery,  Washington,  D.C. 

U . S . NAVY 



Naval  Medical  Hospitals: 

Stateside  Naval  Hospitals: 

Beaufort,  S.C. 

Bremerton,  Wash. 

Camp  Lejeune,  N.C. 

Camp  Pendleton,  Calif. 
Charleston,  S.C. 

Cherry  Point,  N.C. 

Corpus  Christi,  Texas 
Great  Lakes,  III. 

Groton,  Conn. 

Jacksonville,  Fla. 

Lemoore,  Calif. 

Millington,  Tenn. 

Newport,  R.l. 

Oak  Harbor,  Wash. 

Patuxent  River,  Md. 

Pensacola,  Fla. 

Twentynine  Palms,  Calif. 

Naval  Medical  Centers 

Bethesda,  Md. 

Portsmouth,  Va. 

San  Diego,  Calif. 

Overseas  Naval  Hospitals: 


Guantanamo  Bay,  Cuba 
Keflavik,  Iceland 
Naples,  Italy 
Okinawa,  Japan 
Roosevelt  Roads,  Puerto  Rico 
Rota,  Spain 
Sigonella,  Italy 
Yokosuka,  Japan 

Source:  BUMED 

JUNE  1998 


HM2  (DV/FMF/lPJ)  Steve  Markham 
carries  a wohfihed  team  member 

• • ’ll*.:  ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 

to  safety  as  the  patrol  exfiltrates  to 
a safer  postion.  -If  i 

Recorm  Corpsmen:  Warriors,  Medics,  Heroes 

They  are  the  few  and  the  proud,  but 
they’re  not  Marines.  They’re  the 
Navy’s  Special  Amphibious 
Reconnaissance  Corpsmen. 

These  elite  hospital  corpsmen  are  inte- 
gral members  of  a Marine  Corps 
reconnaissance  team.  While  they  may  look 
and  act  like  Marines,  they  are  Navy 
hospital  corpsmen  and  their  primary 
mission  is  to  provide  advanced  trauma 
management  in  a hostile  environment. 

“It  takes  a special  breed  of  corpsman  to 
qualify  as  a reconn-corpsman,”  said  Chief 
Hospital  Corpsman  (DV/FMF/PJ)  Robert 
B.  Fitzgerald,  the  senior  medical  depart- 
ment representative  at  the  1st  Force 
Reconnaissance  Company,  Camp 
Pendleton,  Calif. 

“Reconnaissance  Corpsman  are  a cut 
above  the  rest.  We  not  only  have  to  be 
militarily  and  tactically  proficient,  we  have 
a stronger  dedication  to  duty,”  added 

The  22  senior  corpsmen  and  72  junior 
corpsmen  who  make  up  the  Special 
Amphibious  Reconnaissance  Corpsman 
teams  must  undergo  an  arduous  training 

program.  The  training  includes  Marine 
Corps  Basic  Reconnaissance  Training, 
Army  Basic  Airborne  School,  Marine 
Corps  Combatant  diver  school,  the  Navy’s 
Amphibious  corpsmen  training  (which 
teaches  hyperbaric  medicine)  and  six 
months  of  Joint  Special  Operations 
Medical  training. 

Once  fully  trained,  the  corpsmen 
become  a member  of  a Marine  Corps 
platoon.  That  platoon  depends  upon  the 
corpsman’s  ability  to  think  and  react  quickly 
in  combat  and  in  other  critical  situations. 

“It’s  not  like  a normal  hospital 
corpsman  job,”  said  HM2( DV/FMF/PJ) 
Steve  Markham,  assigned  to  the  1st  Force 
Reconnaissance  Company,  Camp 
Pendleton,  Calif.  “We’re  corpsmen  and 
we’re  the  ones  who  take  care  of  the 
medical  needs  of  the  platoon,  but  we  also 
have  duties  as  Marines.” 

As  a members  of  the  platoon,  the 
reconn  corpsmen  push  themselves 
everyday  — physically  and  mentally  — to 
ensure  the  tip  of  the  spear  remains  sharp. 

“We  are  right  in  the  fight  along  with 
the  Marines,”  said  Fitzgerald.  “We  are 
there  to  provide  medical  service  but  we 
are  also  a member  of  the  team,  maybe  the 
point  man  or  the  radio  operator.  We  may 
look  and  act  like  Marines,  but  we  are 
Sailors  — always,”  said  Fitzgerald. 

Rosenthal  is  the  publishing  division  officer ; Naval 
Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 

Furry  is  a San  Diego-based  photojournalist 
assigned  to  All  Hands. 


Surgical  technologists  are  one  of  the 
largest  specialties  within  the  hospital 
corps,  with  835  hospital  corpsmen  and 
106  dental  technicians  serving  worldwide. 

Whenever  and  wherever  Sailors  and 
Marines  are  called  upon  for  duty,  surgery 
technologists  are  there  to  render  medical 

“Whether  on  board  ship  or  in  the  field 
with  the  Marines,  surgery  technologists 
are  up  to  the  challenge  of  working  with 
any  trauma,  any  time.  Helping  our  fellow 
shipmates  and  Marines  who  need  medical 
assistance,”  said  Teel. 

hey’re  affectionately  called 
“scrubs”  and  “circulators”  by 
other  hospital  staff,  but  don’t 
let  these  simple  nicknames 
mislead  you.  The  responsibili- 
ties of  the  Navy’s  surgical 
technologists  are  immense. 

Surgical  technologists  serve  Navy  and 
Marine  forces  in  a variety  of  vital  roles 
both  ashore  and  at  sea.  Although  the 
responsibilities  for  surgical  techs  are 
diverse,  these  special  hospital  corpsmen 
and  dental  technicians  thrive  in  the 
operating  room  (OR). 

“Circulators,”  or  circulating  technolo- 
gists, procure  and  deliver  needed  supplies 
to  the  surgical  team  while  “scrubs,”  or 
scrub  technologists,  directly  assist 
surgeons  in  the  OR. 

“Surgical  technologists  need  to  know 
the  operating  procedure  the  surgeon  is 
going  to  perform,”  said  Hospital 
Corpsman  2nd  Class  (FMF)  Roger  Teel, 


enlisted  specialty  leader  assigned  at  the 
Naval  School  of  Health  Sciences,  Bethesda, 
Md.  “We  have  to  anticipate  the  surgeon’s 
every  move.” 

“The  ability  to  anticipate  a doctor’s 
moves  and  a meticulous  attention  to  detail 
make  surgical  techs  an  invaluable  member 
of  the  surgery  team,”  said  CAPT  Patricia 
Buss,  a Navy  surgeon  assigned  to  the 
Navy’s  Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery. 

Rosenthal  is  the  publishing  division  officer, 
Naval  Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 
Gonzalez  is  a photographer’s  mate  assigned  to 
All  Hands. 

For  more  information  about 
surgical  technologists  check 
out  their  Internet  site  at 

HN  Vanessa  Salinas, 
a surgical  technician 
student  at  the  National 
Naval  Center,  Bethesda, 

Md.,  quickly  gets 
the  instruments  the 
surgeon  needs. 

By  LT  E d i e Rosenthal 

Mending  the  Wounds 

Navy  Morticians  Help  Families  Pick  Up  the  Pieces 

Having  the  words  “deceased”  and  “funeral”  in  their  job  description 



morticians,  it’s  all  in  a day’s  work.  (( 


hen  most  people  hear 
that  I’m  a mortician 
they  are  either 
intrigued  and  want  to 
know  more  about  my  job,  or  they  say 
‘that’s  interesting’  and  kind  of  look  away,” 
said  Hospital  Corpsman  1st  Class  William 
Montague,  a six-year  veteran  serving  at 
Naval  Medical  Center  Portsmouth,  Va. 

“Someone  told  me  once  they  were 
surprised  my  hands  were  warm  when  I 
shook  their  hand,”  continued  Montague, 
“I  guess  they  thought  that  since  I 
worked  with  dead  people  that  my  hands 
would  be  cold.” 

There  is  nothing  more  chaotic  than 
the  eruption  of  death  into  one’s  life,  and 
the  Navy’s  morticians  provide  an  invalu- 
able service  to  grieving  families.  Stationed 
worldwide,  Navy  morticians  pride  them- 
selves in  helping  create  meaningful 
ceremonies  to  honor  those  who  have  died, 
while  also  meeting  the  emotional  needs  of 
family  and  friends  through  counseling. 

“It’s  extremely  satisfying  knowing 
that  you’ve  helped  a family  during  a very 
difficult  time  either  financially  or 
emotionally  by  letting  them  know  their 
benefits,”  said  Montague. 

“Last  year,  Navy  morticians  assisted 
with  396  funerals  for  active-duty  Sailors 
and  Marines,  as  well  as  851  requests 
for  burials-at-sea,”  said  Montague,  who 
is  the  enlisted  specialty  advisor  for  Navy 

“Unlike  a large  city  where  the  funeral 
director  probably  wouldn’t  know  the 
deceased  and  their  family,  a mortician  at  a 
hospital  or  Navy  base  may  personally 
know  the  deceased,”  added  HMC  lames 
Gorham,  who  has  been  a Navy  mortician 
for  14  years,  and  is  assigned  to  the  Navy 
Mortuary  Affairs  section  of  Military 
Medical  Support  Office,  Great  Lakes,  111. 

“We  are  professionals,”  said  Gorham, 
who  worked  as  a mortician  for  12  years 
prior  to  joining  the  Navy.  “We  have  to  be 
compassionate  and  sympathetic  without 
getting  emotionally  involved.” 

Being  a mortician  isn’t  a job  for 
everyone.  In  fact,  it  is  extremely  difficult 
to  join  the  Navy  as  a mortician.  Navy 
morticians  must  be  fully  licensed  with  two 
years  of  experience  before  joining  the 
Navy.  But  most  importantly,  the  Navy’s 
morticians  must  display  a strong  sense  of 
compassion,  inner  strength,  warm  hands 
and  warm  hearts. 

Rosenthal  is  the  publishing  division  officer, 
Naval  Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 


Sub  IDCs  go  it  alone  to  keep  the  crew  healthy 

the  independent  duty 

corpsman  (IDC)  aboard  a 
submarine  serves  at  the  tip  of 
the  spear.  As  the  lone  hospital 
corpsman  aboard  the  boat,  he 
may  not  only  be  miles  away 
from  the  nearest  medical 
facility  but  hundreds  of  feet  beneath  the 
sea  when  a medical  emergency  occurs. 

“That’s  one  thing  that  makes  the 
mission  of  the  submarine  IDC  different 
from  that  of  the  general  duty  corpsman, 
said  Hospital  Corpsman”  Chief  (SS)  Joseph 
Steward.  “An  independent  duty  corpsman 
is  taught  to  take  care  of  any  medical 
problem  that  may  come  up  aboard  ship.” 
Steward,  who  has  served  as  an  IDC 
aboard  two  submarines,  said  that  diag- 
nosis is  only  part  of  a submarine  IDC’s 
job.  He  must  also  record  patient  medical 
histories,  do  physical  exams  and  perform 
basic  laboratory  studies.  This  is  accom- 
plished without  the  help  of  an  assistant 
or  a computer. 

“We  do  [lab  analysis]  all  by  hand  using 
hand  counters  to  count  blood  cells,”  he 

said.  Steward  added  that  after  the  tests  are 
done,  he  routinely  does  research  to  ensure 
proper  diagnosis. 

According  to  Steward,  another  impor- 
tant aspect  of  the  submarine  IDC’s 
training  is  radiation  health.  In  today’s 
nuclear  Navy,  he  must  accurately  docu- 
ment radiation  exposure  and  forward  the 
information  to  command  authorities  such 
as  the  Navy’s  Bureau  of  Medicine  and 
Surgery  or  Naval  Sea  Systems  Command. 

Preventive  medicine  is  how  an  IDC 
keeps  the  crew  healthy  and  ready  to  fight. 
Steward  routinely  inspects  the  galley,  all 
food-preparation  areas,  the  mess  decks, 
the  heads  and  berthing  spaces. 

“It’s  part  of  making  sure  the  environ- 
ment the  [crew]  has  to  live  in  is  clean,” 
said  Steward. 

As  well-prepared  as  the  IDC  is  for 
medical  emergencies  aboard  the  boat,  the 
forward-thinking  submarine  squadron 
medical  team  does  have  contingency 
plans  to  assist  the  IDC. 

“Most  likely  events  will  exceed  equip- 
ment and  resources  available  to  the  IDC 

rather  than  his  skill  and  ability,”  said 
LCDR  (Dr.)  Robert  Sawyer  of  the  Naval 
Undersea  Medical  Institute. 

HM1(SU/SW)  Guillermo  Venegas  who 
serves  as  an  IDC  on  board  USS  Trepang 
(SSN  674),  concurs  with  Steward  about 
the  responsibility  of  IDCs. 

“To  become  an  IDC,  you  have  to  be 
smart  and  able  to  think  on  your  own,” 
said  Venegas.  “But,  to  be  a good  IDC,  you 
have  to  be  compassionate,  too.” 

Hall  is  assigned  to  the  public  affairs  office, 
Submarine  Base  New  London. 

JUNE  1998 


event  day.  On  March  31, 1998,  the  call  came  In. 


An  S-3B  Viking  aircraft 
assigned  to  Sea  Control 
Squadron  (VS)  41,  San 
Diego,  had  crashed  off  the 
coast  of  Southern  California 
during  a routine  training 
mission.  Four  Sailors  had  ejected  and  were 
in  the  water.  Search  and  rescue  (SAR)  heli- 
copters were  in  the  air. 

That  was  it.  That  was  all  they  knew 
as  the  Emergency  Department  at  Naval 
Medical  Center  San  Diego  went  on 
full  alert. 

Within  minutes,  ambulances  were 
dispatched  to  the  hospital’s  helo  pad  to 
await  the  arrival  of  the  aircrew. 

In  the  emergency  room  (ER),  a special 
trauma  response  team,  headed  by  CAPT 
William  Roberts,  the  ER  department 
chairman,  began  to  take  shape. 

“With  the  advance  notice  we  had,” 
Roberts  said,  “we  were  able  to  assemble  a 
multi-disciplinary  team  made  up  of 

emergency  physicians,  nurses,  corpsmen 
and  surgeons.” 

It  was  already  a busy  day  in  the  ER, 
with  every  bed  filled,  but  the  staff 
worked  quickly  to  make  room  for  four 
more  inbound  patients. 

The  doctors  were  prepared  to  face 
three  major  areas  of  concern.  The  first 
was  any  major  injuries  to  the  aircrew, 
including  internal  trauma,  caused  by  the 
sudden  and  explosive  ejection  from  the 
aircraft.  They  must  be  ready  to  treat 
injuries  ranging  from  lacerations  to 
broken  bones  to  severe  damage  to 
vital  organs  such  as  the  lungs,  heart 
or  kidneys. 

The  second  was  hypothermia.  No  one 
knew  how  long  the  men  had  been  in  the 
water.  Prolonged  exposure,  even  in  waters 
off  Southern  California,  would  lower  the 
men’s  body  temperatures  and  send  them 
into  severe  shock. 

The  third  was  water  aspiration,  a 


By  J01  Joe  Parker 

Emergency  personnel 

rush  an  aircrew  member 
from  the  downed  S-3B 

viking  to  the  medical 
center’s  emergency  room 
following  an  at-sea  rescue 
off  the  coast  of 

Southern  California. 

For  Sailors  worldwide,  it’s  comforting  to  know  that  Navy  medical 

personnel  are  ready,  no  matter  what  the  situation. 



Photos  by  JO!  Joe  Parker 

“It  was  an  inspiring  situation  to  watch  as  all  three  critical 
elements  of  the  ER  came  together.” 

HM2ISW/FMF)  Roberto  Rodriguez 

condition  where  water  is  ingested  into  the 
lungs,  causing  the  victim  to  continue  to 
drown  even  after  having  been  pulled  from 
the  water.  It  can  occur  to  unconsious 
victims  even  when  wearing  life  vests. 

As  the  physicians  reviewed  plans  to 
handle  any  contingency,  the  radiology 
department  worked  quickly  to  provide 
extra  technicians  and  portable  x-ray 
while  units  they  readied  the  CAT 
scanners  for  immediate  use. 

Elsewhere,  the  hospital’s  laboratory 
prepared  to  provide  rapid  turnaround 
on  blood  tests,  while  patient  administra- 
tion was  ready  to  smooth  the  admissions 

A chaplain  stood  by  hoping  beyond 
hope  that  his  services  would  not  be 
needed.Throughout  the  medical  center, 
people  and  equipment  were  ready  for 
the  worst.  Minutes  later,  the  ambulances 

As  the  four  aircrewmen  were  rushed 
into  the  ER,  each  received  an  immediate 
trauma  evaluation  from  the  waiting 
teams  of  emergency  physicians,  nurses 
and  hospital  corpsmen. 

Initial  examinations  were  completed 
and  a feeling  of  relief  spread  throughout 
the  team’s  members.  This  aircrew  on  this 
day  had  been  lucky.  The  ER  team  had 
been  ready  for  a life-or-death  situation, 
but  they  found  only  minor  injuries. 

“The  teams  responded  extremely 
well,”  said  Roberts.  “I  don’t  think  I could 
have  asked  for  a better  response.” 

“We  go  through  a lot  of  skills  training, 
mock  codes  and  drills  to  make  sure  we’re 
ready  for  situations  like  this,”  said 
Hospitalman  Jennifer  Young,  who  was 
with  the  first  ER  ambulance  crew  to  meet 
the  incoming  search  and  rescue  heli- 

copters. “This  was  a case  where  my  Navy 
training  really  paid  off,”  she  added. 

“It  was  an  inspiring  situation  to  watch 
as  all  three  critical  elements  of  the  ER 
came  together,”  said  HM2(SW/FMF) 
Roberto  Rodriguez,  a leading  petty 
officer  in  the  emergency  department. 
“The  nurses,  doctors  and  corpsmen 
worked  together  as  one  team  to  achieve 
the  ultimate  goal,  which  is  saving  lives.” 

“We  were  standing  by,”  Roberts  added, 
“ready  to  assist  when  their  training 
mission  took  these  four  gentlemen  in 
harm’s  way.” 

For  Sailors  worldwide,  it’s  comforting 
to  know  that  Navy  medical  personnel  are 
ready,  no  matter  what  the  situation. 

Parker  is  a journalist  assigned  to  the  public 
affairs  office,  Naval  Medical  Center  San  Diego. 

Magnetic  resonance  imaging  (MRI) 
is  a non-invasive  procedure 
designed  to  give  doctors  a 
complete  inner-picture  of  the 
patient.  Unlike  a standard  x-ray, 
the  MRI  gives  a three-dimensional 
image  of  the  affected  area. 

Ambulances  are  equipped  with 
vital  life-saving  devices  such  as 
defibrillators,  respirators  and 
oxygen  cannisters  to  keep  a patient 
stable  while  in  transit  as  well  as 
monitoring  equipment  to  provide  a 
steady  flow  of  information  to  the 
emergency  room  awaiting  the 
patient's  arrival. 

JUNE  1908 



By  J02  Jeremy  Allen 

Nauy's  newest  medical  breakthrough 
cuts  risk  of  tissue  rejection 

You  wake  up  one  morning  and 
realize  you  just  don’t  feel  right. 
Your  stop  by  sick  call  turns  into  a 
full-fledged  examination  and  a 
lab  work-up.  After  weeks  of  tests,  you  are 
informed  that  your  kidneys  are  deterio- 
rating and  you  need  an  organ  transplant. 

Awash  with  denial  and  fear,  you 
remember  the  sad  stories  about  those 
people  who  never  found  an  organ  donor 
and  ran  out  of  time.  As  the  thoughts  of 
transplant  waiting  lists,  operations  and 

dialysis  fill  your  head,  you’re  interrupted 
by  a doctor’s  voice  saying,  “There  may  be 
a better  way.” 

A new  therapy  was  developed  and  is 
undergoing  tests  by  a team  of  Navy 
doctors  and  hospital  corpsmen  (HM) 
and  their  collaborators  at  the  Naval 
Medical  Research  Institute  (NMRI), 
Bethesda,  Md.  The  team  believes  they 
have  found  a way  to  prevent  mismatched 
transplanted  organs  from  being  rejected. 

As  part  of  their  research,  CAPT  (Dr.) 
David  M.  Harlan,  LCDR  (Dr.)  Allan  Kirk, 
HM2  Robert  L.  Kampen  and  HM3  Justin 
D.  Berning  have  transplanted  purposely 
mismatched  kidneys  into  rhesus  monkeys 
and  treated  them  with  the  new  therapy 
for  as  little  as  28  days.  Up  to  one  year 
later,  the  primates  are  still  doing  well  and 
have  had  no  side  effects. 

HM2  Robert  L.  Kampen,  a 
native  of  New  Orleans, 
preparesa  buffer  solution 
on  the  high  pressure 
chromatograph  machine. 

The  device  measures 
wavelengths  of  light  to 
determine  DNA  amounts 
in  the  solution. 

Under  normal  circumstances,  the 
body  detects  transplanted  organs  as 
invaders.  The  immune  system  activates 
its  defenses  to  destroy  the  invader  and,  if 
unaided,  the  transplanted  organ  is  killed. 
By  modifying  the  response  of  the  body’s 
T lymphocytes,  or  T-cells,  the  Navy 
research  team  has  found  a way  to 
suppress  the  immune  system  by  reedu- 
cating it  to  leave  the  organ  alone. 

“A  T-cell  is  sort  of  like  a guard,” 
explained  Kirk,  principal  investigator  for 

Navy-supported  medical  research  efforts  have 
influenced  the  civilian  practice  of  medicine,  assisted 
the  Ministries  of  Health  in  developing  nations,  and 
provided  technology  for  other  federal  initiatives. 

the  Immune  Cell  Biology  program  at 
NMRI.  “Through  molecular  interaction, 
T-cells  constantly  monitor  the  body  for 
infection.  When  a new  organ  or  skin 
graft,  is  introduced,  T-cells  may  recognize 
the  new  organ  as  something  foreign  and 
order  its  destruction.  The  team’s  new 
drug  blocks  the  “On”  and  “Off”  switches 
that  all  T-cells  have  to  order  the  attack 
against  the  new  organ. 

Kirk  and  Harlan,  believe  that  in  addi- 
tion to  preventing  organ  transplant 
rejection,  their  research  may  provide  help 
for  immune  system  illnesses  ranging  from 
hay-fever  to  multiple  sclerosis  and  lupus. 

“Currently,  transplantation  is  only 
successful  because  we  use  potent  drugs  to 
suppress  the  body’s  immune  system,”  said 
Kirk.  “There  are  multiple  drugs  that  have 
to  be  combined  to  prevent  rejection.  They 
protect  the  organ  but  they  prevent  the 
body  from  fighting  off  infection.” 



HM3  Justin  Berning,  a 
surgical  technician 
assigned  to  Naval  Medical 
Research  Institute, 
Bethesda,  Md.,  inserts  a 
fresh  blood  sample  from  a 
primate  into  the  centrifuge 
to  separate  the  serum  from 
the  red  blood  cells. 

The  current  use  of  anti-rejection  drugs 
limits  the  overall  usefulness  of  transplan- 
tation during  war  time,  explained  Kirk.  “If 
you  lost  a limb  or  organ  in  combat  your 
body  couldn’t  tolerate  these  traditional 
drugs  in  a combat  setting. 

“The  major  reason  we’re  here  is  to 
give  Sailors  and  Marines  the  best  care 
possible.  I envision  that  anyone  who  loses 
a limb  could  actually  have  it  replaced 
with  this  therapy.” 

The  team  is  conducting  the  necessary 
animal  experiments  required  for  this 
work  to  move  on  to  human  studies.  Kirk 
anticipates  doing  the  first  organ  trans- 
plant with  this  therapy  in  humans  within 
the  next  year. 

Their  discovery  is  continually  breaking 
new  ground.  “One  of  the  reasons  we  are 

doing  so  well  is  because  of  the  support 
we  have  received  from  the  Navy,”  said 
Kirk,  “and  because  of  people  like  Kampen 
and  Berning.” 

Kampen  and  Berning  are  the  only  two 
enlisted  members  assigned  to  NMRI’s 
transplant  research  lab  and  are  an  integral 
part  of  the  team’s  success.  “I’m  the  molec- 
ular biology  guy,”  said  Kampen.  “Without 
my  data  we  can’t  proceed.” 

Working  with  cutting-edge  tech- 
nology and  handling  primates  is  just  part 
of  their  duties.  For  Berning  it’s  a bit 
more  personal.  “It  kind  of  hits  home 
because  I had  a grandmother  who  had  a 
similar  problem  but  I couldn’t  do 
anything  about  it.” 

This  is  the  kind  of  personal  approach 
that  keeps  the  team  working  extra  hard 
for  its  success.  “We  get  letters  and  email 
everyday  from  people  asking  for  our  help, 
wondering  when  we’re  going  to  start  our 
clinical  trials  on  human  patients,”  said 
Berning.  “This  gives  you  more  initiative 
to  work  harder  and  get  it  done.” 

“I  write  on  the  board  how  many 
people  died  waiting  for  organs  because 
we’re  not  through,”  said  Kirk.  “I  figured 
10  people  die  every  day  because  we’re  not 
done.  I feel  very  responsible  for  every 
individual  that  can’t  benefit  from  this  till 
we’re  done.” 

According  to  Kirk,  a program  this 
large  normally  would  take  years  to  imple- 
ment if  it  weren’t  for  the  support  of  the 
Navy  and  the  dedication  of  these  two 
hospital  corpsmen.  “This  is  an  example  of 
the  scope  of  the  Navy,”  said  Kirk.  “The 
Navy  offers  extraordinary  opportunities. 
We  don’t  just  protect  the  United  States; 
we  make  living  here  better. 

• Nationwide  there  are  55,700 
ORGANS.  Ot  that  total,  37,000 
are  waiting  tor  a kidney. 

• ONE  SAILOR  EACH  WEEK  has  a 
life-threatening  burn  in  the 
line  of  duty  that  is 

• In  the  last  five  years,  250 
died  from  untreatable  burns. 

• According  to  the  United 
Network  for  Organ  Sharing, 
which  tracks  organ  transplant 
data,  ALMOST  4,000 
ORGAN  DONOR.  Thousands 
more  suffer  from  anti-rejec- 
tion drugs  while  they  wait 
for  an  organ  match. 

Allen  is  a photo  journalist  assigned  to 
All  Hands. 

For  more  information  on 
NMRI’s  research,  check 
out  their  homepage  at  or 

JUNE  i e e B 



By  LT  Edle  Rosenthal  & JOSN  LeaVonda  Battle 

Rx  for  Healthy  Living 

Modern  medicine  has  eradicated 
many  diseases  and  illnesses,  but 
health  problems  continue  to  plague 
our  society.  Approximately  one  in 
five  Americans  suffer  from  high 
blood  pressure  and  76  percent  are 
considered  overweight.  Despite  the  fact 
that  almost  a half  million  Americans 
died  in  the  past  year  of  smoking- related 
illnesses,  152,000  Sailors 
continue  to  smoke  and 
about  63,000  use  smoke- 
less tobacco.  Although 
Sailors  are  relatively  healthy,  4,192 
have  been  discharged  in  the  past  three 
years  for  obesity,  and  another  1,947  have 
been  discharged  for  not  being  able  to 
pass  the  Physical  Readiness  Test  (PRT). 

But  help  is  out  there.  Navy  Medicine 
has  the  prescription  for  helping  Sailors 
to  stay  fit  and  in  the  Navy.  Wellness 
Centers  and  Health  Promotions  offices 
are  cropping  up  all  around  the  fleet. 

Navy  Wellness  Centers  and  Health 
Promotions  Offices  provide  a myriad  of 
services  to  help  Sailors  and  their  families 
adopt  a healthy  lifestyle  to  include  nutri- 
tion and  smoking  cessation  classes,  stress 
reduction  and  low-fat  meal  planning  and 
^ aerobic  exercise  programs.  The  Navy  has 
5 Wellness  Centers  and  35  Health 
Promotions  Offices.  Although  the 
programs  vary  from  location  to  location, 
the  goal  remains  the  same — to  keep 
Sailors  healthy  and  fit. 

Did  you  know... 

Most  unfit  people 
suffer  from  lack 
of  energy,  lack  of 
physical  strength 
and  inability 
to  relax  and 
enjoy  life. 

The  latest  trend  is  bringing  Wellness 
Centers  and  Health  Promotions  Offices 
closer  to  the  base  gym  or  fitness  center. 
Last  May,  the  Navy  opened  its  first  newly 
constructed  Wellness  Center  attached  to 
the  MWR  fitness  center  at  Jacksonville, 
Fla.“Having  the  facility  here  is  a fantastic 
benefit  for  the  Sailors,”  said  HM2  Jessie 
Karstedt,  the  leading  petty  officer  at 
Naval  Hospital  Jacksonville  Wellness 
Center.  “Mainly  because  we  are  corre- 
lated with  the  Physical  Training 
Department.”  Karstedt  added  that  the 
health  education  and  training  the  center 
provides  reduces  heart  attacks,  risks  for 
cancer  and  PRT  failures. 



Ulhat'f  the  number  1 caute  of  death  for  women  in  the  U.).? 

Heart  attacks  and  heart  disease-related  illness. 

Naval  Hospital  Jacksonville’s  award- 
winning Wellness  Center  provides  a 
full  line  of  services,  from  cholesterol 
reduction  classes  to  health  and  fitness 
analysis,  and  even  offers  a three-day 
“wellness  camp.” 

Wellneu  Camp 

Say  the  words  “wellness  camp”  and 
some  people  envision  a pricey  fat  farm 
where  people  go  to  steam  away  cellulite 
and  get  a rub  down  by  a masseuse 
named  Sven.  Well,  the  Wellness  Center  at 
Jacksonville,  Fla,  doesn’t  have  a masseuse 
named  Sven,  but  it  does  offer  its  partici- 
pants massage  therapy  as  part  of  its 
three-day  wellness  retreat. 

“While  most  people  will  agree  that 
they  would  like  to  be  healthier,  some  just 
don’t  know  how  to  achieve  that  lifestyle 
or  have  been  mislead  by  the  numerous 
myths  about  fitness,”  said  CDR  Debbie 
McKay,  Director  of  the  Wellness  Center. 
Instead  of  providing  a quick  fix,  the 
wellness  camp  offers  a more  holistic, 
mind-body  approach  to  fitness. 

“There’s  more  to  fitness  and  nutri- 
tion than  losing  ten  pounds,  eating  a 
low-fat  meal  or  exercising  five  times  a 
week,”  said  McKay.  “Being  fit  is  about 
living  a more  healthful  and  mindful  life, 
24  hours  a day — from  the  way  we  work 
and  interact  with  others  to  the  way  we 

recreate,  relax  and  sleep.” 

The  Wellness  Center  offers  a three- 
day  wellness  camp  retreat  twice  per  year. 
Participants  undergo  a full  health  and 
fitness  appraisal,  bodyfat  testing  and 
cholesterol  screening.  They  participate  in 
group  aerobic  activities  and  are  treated 
to  delicious  low-fat  meals  prepared  by 
local  chefs.  They  also  receive  massages 
from  local  massage  students.  It  is  an 
experience  designed  to  lead  the  partici- 
pants down  the  road  to  healthier  living. 

According  to  class  participant  LCDR 
Alan  Miller,  Naval  Hospital  Jacksonville 
Urology  Department  Head,  “Anytime  you 
can  learn  more  about  taking  care  of 
yourself  you  have  the  opportunity  to 
make  your  life  better  and  that’s  exactly 
what  I am  doing  here.  The  camp  is 
teaching  me  what  I need  to  change,  and 
how  to  work  towards  that  desirable  goal.” 

For  many,  the  wellness  center  brings 
hope — hope  that  they  can  turn  around 
some  unhealthy  habits  and  live  a 
healthier  life. 

“When  I was  on  the  ship,  I would  just 
eat  whatever  they  served  me,  not 
thinking  about  the  nutritional  value,” 
said  SHC  Gwendolyn  Brown,  assigned  to 
NAS  Jacksonville.  “Coming  from  the 
fleet,  I really  enjoyed  the  relaxing  envi- 
ronment of  the  wellness  camp.  It  was  an 
awesome  experience.  It  has  changed  my 
concept  of  good  nutrition  and  now  I 
make  better  food  choices  for  myself  and 
my  family.” 

Ulhat'i  the  number  i tport  in  America? 

According  to  studies  by  the  National  Sporting  Goods 
Association,  fitness  walking  is  practiced  by  some 
71.2  million  Americans  over  the  age  of  7. 

JUNE  1008 


Bein?  out  of  shape 
it  hazardout  to 
t|our  health 

With  the  introduction  of  the  new 
Physical  Readiness  standards,  Sailors 
who  have  let  their  fitness  slide  may  be 
risking  more  than  their  health. 

Secretary  of  Defense  William 
Cohen  made  it  very  clear  recently 
that  he  wants  his  military  forces  in  the 
“best  possible  physical  condition.”  Being 
unfit  has  a direct  affect  on  one’s  mind 
and  body. 

Wellness  programs  maximize  readi- 
ness by  creating  healthy,  deployable 

“Sailors  need  to  think  about  the 
quality  of  life  they  are  trying  to  sustain. 
It’s  easy  for  young  people  to  think  they 
are  going  to  live  forever,”  said  CDR  Don 
Williamson,  the  head  of  the  Nutrition 
Management  Department  at  Naval 
Hospital  Jacksonville.  “So  they  take  for 
granted  the  foods  and  substances  they 
put  in  their  bodies.  If  you  are  smoking 
and  drinking  and  living  a life  without 
exercise,  good  nutrition  will  not  make  a 
big  difference.  You  need  to  change 
your  lifestyle.” 

The  first  step  in  reversing  poor 
lifestyle  habits  is  to  identify  health  habits 
that  need  changing,  such  as  poor  diet, 
smoking,  drinking  alcohol  to  excess,  and 
not  exercising.  Dietitians  and  other 
health  educators  are  good  sources  of 
information  and  can  help  you  with 
setting  your  priorities  for  change. 


The  Navy  has  47  registered  dietitians 
serving  all  over  the  world  to  assist  Sailors 
and  their  families  with  nutritional 
education,  weight  loss,  remedial  physical 
training  and  menu  planning. 

“People  need  to  be  informed  nutri- 
tion consumers  in  the  market  place,  ” 
said  Williamson.  “They  have  to  realize 
that  there  is  a lot  of  information  out 
there,  some  of  it  is  good.  However,  there 
is  also  a great  deal  of  false  information. 

5 a Dai)  for  Better  Health 

Those  people  who  consume  at  least  5 servings  of 
fruits  and  vegetables  are  at  approximately  half  the  risk 
of  cancer  than  those  who  consumed  fewer  than  two 
servings  per  day. 

For  those  who  truly  want  to  quit,  the 
Navy  offers  smoking  cessation  classes. 
The  success  rate  for  those  who  attend  a 
cessation  class  is  about  40  percent.  For 
those  who  try  to  quit  on  their  own,  the 
success  rate  is  only  about  5 percent. 

“We  don’t  expect  everyone  to  quit 
cold  turkey,”  said  Goldstein.  “However, 
the  class  provides  nicotine 
replacements,  behavioral  strate- 
gies to  change  habits  that 
normally  coincide  with 
smoking,  as  well  as  support  from  fellow 
classmates.  We  teach  the  students  how  to 
recognize  what  triggers  their  smoking 
habits,  and  how  to  deal  with  life 
without  smoking.” 

Salesmen  aren’t  interested  in  your  health. 
So  you,  as  a consumer,  need  to  learn  how 
to  read  labels  and  cook  healthier  meals.” 
Menu  planning  is  one  of  the  most 
important  things  that  dietitians  teach.  Like 
the  chefs  that  prepare  low-fat  gourmet 
meals  for  the  wellness  camp,  dietitians 
offer  alternatives  to  high-fat  meals. 

Low  fat  and  healthful  > ^ 

recipes  are  posted  at  the  ^ | ^ 

Navy’s  Environmental 
Health  Center  website  at 

Click  on  Health  Promotions  and  look 
for  the  “Recipe  of  the  Week.” 


Tobacco  Cessation 

“Tobacco  contains  more  than  4,000 
different  chemicals.  More  than  40  of 
these  substances  have  been  identified  as 
cancer-causing,  yet  people  continue  to 
use  tobacco,”  said  Lisa  Goldstein,  a 
health  educator  at  the  Wellness  Center. 

Permanent  change  doesn’t  happen 
overnight.  “Being  ready,  willing  and  able 
is  an  essential  first  step,”  said  McKay. 
“Unless  you’re  motivated  for  change,  no 
one  can  force  you  to.  Your  health  is  in 
your  hands.” 

Rosenthal  is  the  publishing  division  officer, 
Naval  Media  Center,  Washington,  D.C. 

Battle  is  assigned  to  Naval  Hospital 
Jacksonville,  Fla., 

I1avi|  Wellness  Centers: 

Jacksonville,  Fla. 

Lemoore,  Calif. 

Brunswick,  Maine 
Roosevelt  Roads,  Puerto  Rico 
Sewells  Point,  Va. 

Under  Contructlon  sites: 

Mayport,  Fla. 

Great  Lakes,  III. 

Keflavlk,  Iceland 



By  JOSN  LeaVonda  Battle 

Robby,  a new  employee  at  Naval 
Hospital  Jacksonville’s  Pharmacy 
Department,  can  fill  250  prescrip- 
tions an  hour,  work  seven  days  a 
week  and  handle  24-hour  shifts  without 
any  breaks. 

Robby  is  a robot  and  an  automated 
pill  dispenser,  responsible  for  handling 
70  percent  of  the  20,000  refills  that  come 
through  the  pharmacy  every  month. 
Working  for  the  second  busiest 
pharmacy  in  the  Navy,  Robby  has 
tremendously  improved  customer  service 
at  the  hospital. 

Robby  is  part  of  an  overall  customer 
service  initiative  that  allows  patients  to  get 
their  medication  in  a timely  manner.  In 
the  past,  patients  had  to  wait  extended 
periods  of  time,  in  long  lines,  while  phar- 
macy technicians  scrambled  to  fill  their 
prescriptions.  Concerned  with  the  waits, 
the  hospital  built  12  customer  service 
windows  and  put  Robby  in  place  for  refills. 

Thanks  to  Robby,  patients  can  call  in 
their  refill  prescriptions  the  night  before 
and  pick  them  up  at  the  drive-through 
pick-up  center  located  in  the  hospital’s 
parking  lot.  Patients  never  leave  their  cars 
when  they  pick  up  their  medication. 

As  patients  phone  in  the  refill  orders, 
Robby  checks  for  remaining  refills, 
counts  pills  and  puts  them  into  bar 
coded  bottles,  which  he  also  creates.  Each 

prescription  is  sorted  by  name  and 
double  checked  to  ensure  the  right  medi- 
cine gets  to  the  right  patient.  Robby  then 
rushes  the  medicine  to  pharmacy  techni- 
cians, who  bag  and  load  the  orders  onto 
a cart  for  transport  to  the  drive-through 
pick-up  center  for  distribution. 

Although  this  hi-tech  automated 
genius  has  improved  the  hospital  phar- 
macy department,  his  human  co-workers 

According  to  Bill  Droste,  a pharmacy 
technician  in  the  hospital  and  system 
administrator  for  the  robot,  “Everyone  is 
glad  to  have  him  here.  He  allows  us  to 
focus  our  attention  on  improving 
customer  service  for  patients.” 

Battle  is  assigned  to  Naval  Hospital 
Jacksonville,  Fla. 

are  still  fully  employed,  filling  the  new 
and  special-order  prescriptions.  Having 
Robby  around  has  given  technicians  the 
freedom  to  work  with  patients  and  cut 
the  waiting  time  for  new  prescriptions 
from  hours  to  minutes. 

Robby’s  assistant,  HN 
Heather  Moran,  a pharmacy 
technician  at  Naval  Hospital 
Jacksonville,  makes  sure 
he  is  working  properly. 

JUNE  1988 


Shades  of  Green 

(Lake  Buena  Vista,  Fla.) 

Shades  of  Green  on  Walt  Disney  World  Resort  is  a 
full-service  hotel  with  287  rooms  decorated  in 
country-inn  style.  The  hotel  has  two  heated 
swimming  pools,  a children’s  pool  and  play 
area,  lighted  tennis  courts,  a 
small  fitness  room  as  well  as  a 
video  arcade,  gift  shop  and 
laundry  facilities.  Guests 
receive  discounts  on 
theme  park  tickets  and 
complimentary  trans- 
portation to  Walt  Disney 
World.  Two  PGA  champi- 
onship 18-hole  golf  courses  and  a 
nine-hole  executive  course  are  just 
outside  your  door.  The  Garden  Gallery 
restaurant  is  open  for  breakfast  and  dinner;  the 
Evergreen  Lounge,  with  its  view  of  the  pool,  is 
open  from  lunch  until  well  past  the  cocktail  hour. 

Telephone  number:  (407)  824-3665 
Rates  range  from:  $59  to  $98 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/ 
DOD  civilians 


Big  Bear  Recreation  Facility 

(Big  Bear  Lake,  Calif.) 

Big  Bear  Recreation  facility  is  located  7,000  feet  above  sea  level  between  the  Snow 
Summit  and  Bear  Mountain  ski  resorts  in  the  San  Bernardino  National  Forest.  The 
facility  offers  excellent  fishing,  boating,  hiking  and  skiing  opportunities. 

Telephone  number:  (714)  726-2626/2527 

Rates  range  from:  $12  and  up 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/DOD  civilians 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reser 


Grant’s  Village, 

Yellowstone  National  Park 

(Yellowstone  National  Park,  Wyom.) 
Located  in  the  heart  of  Yellowstone  National  Park, 
the  camp  is  less  than  one  mile  from  Yellowstone  Lake, 
which  has  a marina  with  boat  launching  facilities. 

Grant’s  Village  provides  easy  access  to  Old  Faithful 
geyser,  Grand  Canyon  of  Yellowstone,  Mammoth  Hot 
Springs,  Teton  National  Park,  Jackson  Hole  and  many 
other  attractions. 

Telephone  number:  (208)  828-6333 

Rates  range  from:  $36  and  up 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/DOD  civilians 

Cape  Hatteras 
Recreational  Quarters 

(Buxton,  N.C.) 

Cape  Hatteras  Recreational  Quarters  is  located  on 
the  Outer  Banks  of  North  Carolina  in  Cape 
Hatteras  National  Seashore.  There  is  a beautiful 
bathing  beach  and  plenty  of  ocean  fishing  and 
water  sports.  The  site  of  the  famous  Wright 
brothers’  first  airplane  flight  is  just  50  miles  north. 
Sorry,  there’s  no  camping  or  RV  parking. 
Telephone  number:  (919)  995-3676 
Rates  range  from:  $25  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/DOD  civilians 

Seward  Resort 

(Seward,  Alaska) 

This  picturesque  12-acre  site  is  surrounded  by  mountains  and 
pine  trees.  There’s  an  abundance  of  superb  fishing  for  salmon, 
halibut,  snapper,  ling  cod,  black  bass,  flounder,  and  trout.  If 
you  travel  in  late  July  to  mid-August, 
spawning  areas  on  your  drive  to  the  resort. 

Telephone  number:  (907)  384-1110 
Rates  range  from:  $50  and  up 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/DOD,  Naval  Air  Facility 
and  Contract  civilians 




Chiemsee  Armed  Forces 
Recreation  Center 

(Chiemsee,  Germany) 

Chiemsee  Armed  Forces  Recreation 
Center  is  situated  along  the  shores  of  Lake 
Chiemsee,  Bavaria’s  largest  lake,  directly 
off  the  Munich-Salzburg  Autoban  (A-9) 
southeast  of  Munich.  The  family  can  enjoy 
a variety  of  water  sports  or  take  advantage  of 
the  nearby  Cheimgauer  Alps  offering  scenic 
panoramas  and  opportunities  for 
skiing,  hiking  and  hang  gliding. 

eiephone  number:  01  1-49-8821-72981 , 
(US)  01 1 -49-8821-3942 
Rates  range  from:  $44  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/DOD  civilians 
assigned  overseas 

Short  Stay 
Navy  Outdoor 
Recreation  Center 

(Moncks  Corner,  S.C.) 

So  you  don’t  have  a lot  of  time  on  your 
hands,  but  you  want  a vacation?  Short 
Stay  Navy  Outdoor  Recreation  Center  and 
its  44  two-  and  three-bedroom  Lakeside 
Villas  may  be  the  place  you’re  looking  for. 
Situated  on  a 55-acre  peninsula  at  the 
southern  tip  of  Lake  Moultrie,  this  facility 
has  excellent  freshwater  fishing  and  family 
programs  as  well  as  activities  such  as 
boating,  camping  and  swimming. 

Telephone  number: 

(803)  761-8353  or  1-800-447-2178 
Rates  range  from:  $18  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/ 

DOD  civilians 

Fort  Tuthill 
Recreation  Area 

(Flagstaff,  Az.) 

Fort  Tuthill  Recreation  Area  is  the  closest 
military  location  to  the  Grand  Canyon. 
It’s  located  between  Yuma  and  Phoenix, 
areas  that  enjoy  pleasant  winter  weather. 
Mexico  and  mountain  areas  are  within 
driving  range.  Enjoy  a wide-range  of 
accommodations  as  well  as  a variety  of 
activities  that  include  boating,  hunting, 
mountain  biking  and  skiing. 

Telephone  number: 

(620)  856-7990  or  1-800-552-6268 
Rates  range  from:  $35  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserves/ 

DOD  civilians 

Pine  View 
Recreation  Area 

(Fort  McCoy,  Wis.) 

Pine  View  Recreation  Area  is  a beautiful 
wooded  area  bounded  by  Squaw  Lake 
and  LaCross  River.  The  eleven  small  lakes 
on  the  post  are  ideal  for  fishing.  Squaw 
Lake  is  stocked  with  rainbow  trout.  Ski 
slopes  and  groomed  snowmobile  trails 
are  available  during  the  winter  months. 

Telephone  number:  (608)  388-3517 
Rates  range  from:  $30  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/National 
Guard/DOD  and  Naval  Air  Facility  civilians 

JUNE  1908 


Barbers  Point 
Recreation  Area 

(Barber’s  Point,  Hawaii) 

Barbers  Point  Recreation  Area  is  a small 
facility  located  on  the  southwest  coast  of 
Oahu,  13  miles  east  of  Pearl  Harbor  and 
29  miles  east  of  Honolulu.  Beaches  are 
excellent  for  surfing  and  nearby  attrac- 
tions include  the  following:  Pearl  Ridge 
Phase  I and  II,  Ala  Moana  Park,  Wainae 
Beach  parks,  Pearl  Harbor  Park  and  the 
Ice  Palace  (skating). 

Telephone  number:  (808)  682-2019 
Rates  range  from:  $35  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/DOD  civilians 
on  Barbers  Point 

Uchee  Creek  Army  Campground/Marina 

(Columbus,  Ga.) 

The  Uchee  Creek  Army  Campground/Marina  is  located  along  the  Georgia- 
Alabama  border.  Uchee  Creek  is  a place  where  families  can  spend  a 
weekend  or  an  entire  vacation  enjoying  the  natural  beauty  of  the  country- 
side. Fishing,  hunting  and  boating  are  popular  activities. 

Telephone  number:  (706)  545-4053/7238/5600  or  1-800-642-0466 
Rates  range  from:  $18  and  up 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/National  Guard/DOD  civilians 

Jim  Creek 
Regional  Outdoor 
Recreation  Area 

(Arlington,  Wash.) 

Jim  Creek  Regional  Outdoor  Recreation 
Area  boarders  the  Mt.  Baker-Snoqualmie 
National  Forest  and  the  Boulder  River 
Wilderness  Area.  Located  in  the  foothills 
of  the  North  Cascades  about  one  hour 
north  of  Seattle,  Jim  Creek  has  more 
than  5,000  acres  — mostly  wilderness, 
with  a wide  variety  of  recreational 
opportunities.  Twin  Lakes,  famous  for 
great  fishing,  canoeing  and  wildlife 
viewing,  is  home  to  250  acres  of  Old 
Growth  forest  and  is  accessible  by  hiking. 

Telephone  number:  (360)  435-7433 
Rates  range  from:  $12  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/DOD  civilians 

Destin  Army 

(Destin,  Fla.) 

Destin  Army  Infantry 
Center  Recreation  Area 
is  located  on  a 15-acre 
site  on  Choctawhatchee 
Bay  in  Destin  Florida. 

Vacationers  can  enjoy 
sparkling,  white-quartz 
sand  along  the  Emerald 
Coast.  The  Gulf  of 
Mexico’s  fishing  and 
swimming  areas  are 
approximately  two  miles 
from  the  recreation  area.  The  facility  also  offers  golf  at  six  public  golf 
courses,  two  greyhound  race  tracks  within  45  miles,  Destin  Fishing 
Museum,  Gulfariam,  Zoo  and  Indian  Temple  Mound  Museum. 

Telephone  number:  (904)  837-2725  or  1-800-642-0466 
Rates  range  from:  $38  and  up 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/National  Guard/DOD  civilians 


Solomons  Navy 
Recreation  Center 

(Solomons,  Md.) 

Solomons  Navy  Recreation  Center  is 
located  in  southern  Maryland  where  the 
Patuxent  River  meets  the  Chesapeake  Bay. 
This  rustic  and  relaxing  area  offers 
natural  beauty  on  about  260  acres  of  land 
with  extensive  river  frontage.  The  camp- 
ground and  facilities  offer  fishing, 
swimming  pools,  tennis  and  sports  fields 
and  lots  more. 

Telephone  number:  (410)  326-1260 
or  1-800-NAVY-230 
Rates  range  from:  $34  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/ 

DOD  civilians 

Canyon  Lake 
Recreation  Area 

(Canyon  Lake,  Texas) 

Canyon  Lake  Recreation  Area  is  nestled 
in  the  scenic  hill  country  between  San 
Antonio  and  Austin.  Canyon  Lake  has  80 
miles  of  that  soft,  sandy  shoreline  found 
only  in  central  Texas.  The  nearby  Fort 
Sam  Houston  Recreation  Area  includes 
300  feet  of  sandy  beaches  and  a marina. 

Telephone  number:  (210)  964-3318 
or  1-888-882-9878 
Rates  range  from:  $35  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/DOD 
civilians/National  Guard/Foreign  Military 

New  Orleans  NAS/JRB 

(New  Orleans,  La.) 

Just  minutes  from  the  famous  French 
Quarter  and  downtown  New  Orleans,  the 
New  Orleans  NAS/JRB  Campground 
offers  golf,  swimming,  tennis  and  hunting. 

Telephone  number:  (504)  678-3448/3142 
Rates  range  from:  $15  and  up 
Eligibility:  Active/Retired/Reserve/ 

DOD  civilians 

The  Hale  Koa  Hotel 

(Honolulu,  Hawaii) 

The  Hale  Koa  Hotel  is  an  affordable,  year-round  resort 
for  military  guests  and  their  families.  It’s  located  on 
Waikiki  Beach.  Facilities  include  814  first-class 
rooms,  three  fresh  water  swimming  pools  and  £ 
complete  beach  facilities,  plus  a wide  variety  * 
of  restaurants,  lounges  and  dinner  shows.  I 


Telephone  number:  (808)  955-0555  a : 

or  1 -800-367-6027  j 

Rates  range  from:  $53  and  up  § 

Eligibility:  Active/Retired/  Ready  and  f 

Selected  Reserve  personnel  with 
red/pink  ID  card  and  family  members. 

Retired  Reserve/National  Guard 
personnel  with  gray/blue  ID 
card.  Senior  ROTC  Cadets  on 
extended  active  duty. 

Every  month  as  I gingerly  hold  my 
“Leave  and  Earnings  Statement”  in 
my  hand,  I almost  giggle  as  I look  at 
the  top  left  hand  corner.  I have  saved  up 
a sizable  chunk  of  leave  in  the  past  year. 

I can  look  forward  to  a nice,  relaxing 
vacation,  I think  to  myself. 

Then  I look  down  a bit  and  frown  as  I 
realize  that  my  paycheck  won’t  pay  for 
that  trip  to  the  islands.  It  won’t  even  pay 
for  a trip  to  the  “Quickie  Mart.” 

It  is  a problem  that  most  of  us  have. 
The  Navy  gives  us  30  days  of  leave  but 
many  of  us  don’t  have 
the  cash-flow 
to  enjoy  it. 

But  I was  deter- 
mined to  have  a 
good  time,  so  I did 
some  research  to 
find  the  cheapest 
way  out  of  town. 

When  I was 
stationed  overseas,  I 
picked  up  a few  tricks. 

So  I decided  to 
use  them. 

For  starters,  there  are  military 
Air  Mobility  Command  (AMC)  Space 
Available  (Space- A)  flights  all  over 
the  world. 

Twice  a week,  flights  leave  from 
Norfolk  and  Philadelphia  heading  to 
Europe.  There  are  five  or  six  daily  flights 
leaving  Dover  AFB,  Del.,  to  Germany  and 
England.  The  only  drawback  to  flying 

Space- A is  the  wait.  It  may  last  12  to  14 
hours  for  someone  in  a Category  3 
(regular  leave  status),  but  the  savings 
could  be  more  than  $1,000.  The  key 
is  flexibility.  AMC  is  an 
option  the  military 
offers  to  defray  the 
costs  of  vacations, 
but  it  is  only  one 
of  many. 

If  waiting  at  the 

AMC  terminal  isn’t  for  you,  plan  a 
trip  to  your  local  bookstore.  There 
are  hundreds  of  books  on 

travel  and  vacations  with 
information  on  what 
you  need  for  a great  vaca- 
tion at  minimum  cost. 

The  real  trick  to  saving 
money  is  research. 
According  to  many  travel 
guides,  most  of  us  take  our 
vacations  in  the  summer. 
Most  major  attractions, 
such  as  amusement  parks  or 
state  parks  have  a 
Kampgrounds  Of  America 
<>,  national 
park  service  <>  or  some 
other  area  where  you  can  pitch  a tent  for 
as  little  as  $10  a day. 

If  the  great  outdoors  isn’t  your  idea  of 
a place  to  rest,  check  out  your  local  college 
or  university.  Many  schools  allow  dorm 
rooms  to  be  rented  while  students  are 
home  for  the  summer.  Prices  can  be  as 

low  as  $6  a night  and  children 
usually  aren’t  charged  if  they 
sleep  in  the  same  room  as  a 
parent.  This  also  applies  to 
schools  in  countries  in  the 
southern  hemisphere,  like 
Australia,  where  school  is  out 
during  the  winter  months. 

If  the  dorm  is  full,  there’s  always  the 
Young  Men’s  Christian  Association.  The 
YMCA  offers  an  inexpensive  alternative 
to  a big  name  hotel.  A single  room  is 
about  $20,  and  doubles  go  as  cheap  as 
$35  a night. 

Believe  it  or  not,  there  are  even  less 
expensive  lodgings  available  if  you  know 
where  to  look.  For  a small  membership 
fee  you  can  join  Hosteling  International. 
There  are  6,000  hostels  in  70  countries 
and  more  than  200  in  the  United  States. 
Prices  vary  from  $5  to  $22  a day  and  kids 
get  discounts.  Each  hostel  is  unique,  but 
guests  usually  share  dorm-style  sleeping 
rooms  and  community  showers.  Most 
hostels  have  kitchens,  so  the  cost  of  eating 
out  can  be  avoided.  Non-members  are 
welcome,  but  there  is  an  additional  fee. 



If  you  really  want  to  sleep  “free,”  there 
are  some  people  who  will  swap  living 
quarters  with  you  during  the  holidays.  It  is 
called  “Vacation  Home  Exchange.” 
Approximately  20,000  travelers  swap 
homes  each  year.  The  trick  is  to  have  an 
apartment  or  a home  in  a location  that 
another  person  would  want  to  visit.  There 
are  more  than  40  exchange  clearinghouses 
in  the  United  States,  and  there  are  systems 
in  place  to  ensure  that  you  don’t  lend  your 
house  to  the  wrong  family. 

Clearinghouse-type  travel  agencies 
also  offer  inexpensive,  last-minute  pack- 
ages with  low  airfares.  They  can  be  found 
in  the  back  of  most  travel  magazines  and 
on  the  Internet.  The  Chicago  Tribune 
conducted  a survey  and  found  that 
savings  averaged  30  percent  for  rooms, 

air  fares,  and  rental  cars, 
compared  to  your 
normal  travel 

You  could 
even  become  an 
air  courier.  Call 
some  of  the  courier 
companies  in  the 
phone  book  and 
ask  them  if  they 
need  a courier  to  your  desti- 
nation. In  exchange  for  some  of  your 
baggage  allowance,  they  will  usually  pay 
25  percent  of  your  air  fare.  The  discount 
can  range  from  50  to  100  percent  if  your 
destination  is  flexible. 

Another  choice  in  locating  cheap  travel 
is  finding  a family  or  business  that  needs 

to  move  a vehicle  but  doesn’t  want  to 
drive.  Sometimes  they  will  pay 
$300  for  someone  else  to 
drive  it  to  a specific 
destination.  There 
are  deadlines  and 
refundable  deposits 
but  your  trip  costs 
you  only  food  and  gas. 
Low-cost  vacationing 
doesn’t  mean  you  have  to 
vacation  cheaply.  But  whether  you  sleep 
under  the  stars,  or  in  a four-star  hotel, 
there’s  no  reason  why  you  can’t  make 
that  30  days  of  leave  fit  your  budget. 

Hudson  is  a journalist  assigned  to  Naval 
Aviation  News. 


1.  “The  U.S.  & Worldwide  Travel  Accommodation  Guide  for  $12  to  $24  a 
day;”  Campus  Travel  Service,  P.0.  Box  5486,  Fullerton,  CA  92635; 

(800)  525-6633;, 

2.  “The  Y’s  Way”  - a guide  to  YMCAs  across  America;  YMCA,  224  E.  47th 
St.,  New  York,  NY  10017;  (212)  308-2899; 

3.  Hostel  International,  733  15th  NW  #840,  Washington  DC  20005; 

4.  “Trading  Places:  The  Wonderful  World  of  Vacation  Home  Exchanging;”;; 

5.  Making  Reservations 

■ RMC  Travel  Center  (800)  782-7666 

■ Quickbook  (800)  789-9887 

■ Accommodations 
Express  (800)  444-7666 

■ Central  Reservations 
(800)  950-0232 

6.  Travel  links: 

JUNE  1998 



A petty  officer,  his  wife  and 
two  children  fly  all  the  way 
from  Baltimore/Washington 
International  (BWI)  Airport 
to  Naples.  A week  later 
they  fly  back.  Total  cost  for 
the  trip...  $36.  That’s  $12 
to  leave  and  $24  to  come 
back.  Is  that  possible?  — 

A round  trip  flight  from  the 
United  States  to  Europe 
for  $36? 

It  is  possible  when  you’re  flying  military 
“Space- A.”  According  to  Chapter  6 of 
DOD  Instruction  4515.13R,  seats  that 
are  surplus,  after  all  other  required 
passengers  have  been  accommodated,  are 
offered  to  active  duty  members,  some 
DOD  civilians,  military  retirees  and  their 
families.  That  $36  is  for  customs  and 
immigration  fees.  There  is  no  air  fare. 

Space-A  is  slightly  different  than  flying 
commercial  air.  For  instance,  you  may  not 
get  the  super  deluxe  reclining  seat  or  the 
latest  blockbuster  attraction.  And  you  may 
have  to  fly  on  a C-130,  which  can  be  loud, 
a bit  chilly  and  smell  like  jet  exhaust.  All 
you  will  have  for  company  is  the  aircrew 

and  a bunch  of  crates  strapped  to  the 
deck,  but  hey,  it’s  cheap  — if  not  free  — 
and  going  your  way! 

“This  is  Space-A,  not  a reservation 
system,”  said  Leroi  Bonelli,  a customer 
service  agent  at  the  Air  Mobility  Command 
terminal  at  BWI  Airport.  “Be  patient.  You 
won’t  always  get  out,”  added  Bonelli.  “Be 
on  leave.  Have  orders  in  hand,  an  ID  card 
and  passports  for  your  family  members. 
Have  your  bags  tagged  and  waiting.  If  your 
name  is  called  be  travel  ready.” 

“To  sign  up,  some  places  require 
the  member  to  appear  in  person,  others 
accept  a fax  of  leave  papers  and  still  others 
use  e-mail.  But  the  member  must  already 




be  on  leave.  For  example,  if  your  leave 
starts  at  5 p.m.  on  Thursday,  the  7th,  you 
can’t  sign  up  for  a flight  any  earlier  than 
the  start  time  of  your  leave  authorization,” 
said  Bonelli. 

There  are  other  stipulations  to  flying 
Space- A.  According  to  Bonelli,  any 
Space-A  passenger,  except  those  in  cate- 
gory 1 (see  table)  can  be  “rotated”  or 
“bumped”  for  an  official  passenger.  The 
Air  Transportation  Eligibility  regulation 
states  DOD  is  not  obligated  to  continue 

Members  stationed  overseas  in  certain 
remote  duty  stations  can  take  advantage 
of  environmental  morale  leave  or  EML. 
The  idea  behind  EML  is  to  give  members 
at  one  of  these  locations  a higher  priority 
for  Space-A.  But  members  can  still  be 
“bumped”  at  any  leg  of  their  journey  for  a 
“space- required”  passenger  or  cargo. 

According  to  Zachary  Williams, 
customer  service  branch  chief  at  BWI, 
Space-A  passengers  cannot  “bump”  other 
Space-A  passengers  regardless  of  category. 

Space  A Categories 

Category  1:  Civilian  or  military  dependent 
on  emergency  leave 

Category  II:  Environmental  morale  leave 

Category  III:  Active  duty  on  ordinary  leave, 
house  hunting  TDY 

Category  IV:  Unaccompanied  dependents 
traveling  on  EML  orders  without  their 
sponsor,  or  DODDS  teachers  on  EML  during 
the  summer  break 

Category  V:  Permissive  TDY  (non  house- 
hunting), family  members,  students, 
foreign  military 

Category  VI:  Retirees,  Reserves 

“Once  you’re  manifested,  the  only  way  you 
can  be  bumped  is  by  a duty  passenger. 
Space-A  cannot  bump  Space-A. 

With  an  open  mind  and  a back-up  plan 
to  get  yourself  home  on  time,  flying  Space- 
A can  help  make  your  trip  one  of  the 
cheapest  you’ll  ever  take.  “If  you’ve  only 
got  a week  of  leave,  I wouldn’t  recommend 
it,”  said  YNC(SW)  Rex  Harris  of  Ft.  Myers, 
Fla.  “But  if  you’re  going  to  take  a month’s 
leave,  I’d  do  it  in  a heartbeat.” 

Gunder  is  a photographer’s  mate  assigned  to 
All  Hands  magazine. 

passengers’  travel  or  return  them  to  their 
point  of  origin,  or  to  any  other  point  for 
that  matter.  In  other  words,  if  you’re 
catching  a flight  to  Capodichino  airport  in 
Naples  and  your  plane  has  a scheduled 
stop  in  Rota,  Spain,  there’s  a chance  you 
might  not  be  allowed  to  continue  on  if 
there’s  an  official  passenger  who  requires 
a seat.  “Members  should  carry  extra 
dollars  to  help  with  lodging  and  to  buy  a 
commercial  ticket,  if  needed,”  Bonelli  said. 

“There  was  a time  when  your  family 
members  who  flew  back  with  their 
sponsor  from  overseas  had  to  get  off  at 
the  first  stop  in  CONUS,”  continued 
Bonelli.  “Now,  they  can  fly  to  their 
intended  destination.” 

Bonelli  also  mentioned  that  members 
should  always  be  mindful  of  the  peak 
seasons.  “The  best  times  for  travel  are 
from  mid-January  to  mid-May,”  he  said. 
“Mid- May  to  mid-September  is  the 
busiest  time  to  travel.” 

For  more 
^ information 

about  how  to  make 
the  best  use  of 

Space-A,  log  on  the  web  at 

JUNE  1998 


• Seattle 



San  Francisco 

Salt  Lake  I 

Las  Vegas 

f you’ve  been  wondering  what  you 
can  do  on  your  summer  vacation, 
check  out  our  map.  We’ve  tried  to  list 
interesting  places  to  go  and  a few  places 
to  stay  that  won’t  cost  you  an  arm  and  a 
leg.  We  hope  one  of  them  is  right  for  you. 
Happy  travels. 

For  information  on  these  places  and  a 
listing  of  many  more  sites,  pick  up  a copy 
of  Military  Living  in  the  book  section  of 
your  local  Navy  Exchange. 

San  Diego 



= Places  to 
= Places  to 


1 . Martinez  Lake  Recreation  Area,  Martinez  Lake,  Ariz. 

2.  Admiral  Baker  Field  Campground,  San  Diego 

3.  Big  Bear  Recreation  Facility,  Big  Bear  Lake,  Calif. 

4.  DelMar  Beach  Cottages/Campsites,  Camp 
Pendleton,  Calif. 

5.  El  Centro  NAF  Campground,  El  Centro,  Calif. 

6.  El  Toro  Campgrounds,  Santa  Ana,  Calif. 

7.  Fiddler's  Cove  RV  Park,  San  Diego 

8.  Lake  O’Neill  Recreation  Park,  Camp  Pendleton,  Calif. 

9.  Lake  Tahoe  Coast  Guard  Recreation  Facilities, 

Tahoe  City,  Calif. 

1 0.  Point  Mugu  Recreation  Facilities,  Point  Mugu,  Calif. 

1 1 . Blue  Angels  Naval  Recreation  Area,  Pensacola,  Fla. 

12.  Jacksonville  RV  Park,  Jacksonville,  Fla. 

1 3.  Lake  Fretwell  Recreation  Area,  Cecil  Field,  Fla. 

1 4.  Oak  Grove  Trailer  Park,  Pensacola,  Fla. 

1 5.  Orlando  Travel  Trailer  Park,  Orlando,  Fla. 

1 6.  Panama  City  Coastal  Systems  Station  Outdoor 
Recreation/Marina,  Panama  City,  Fla. 

1 7.  Sigsbee  RV  Park,  Key  West,  Fla.. 

1 8.  World  Famous  Navy  Lake  Site,  Marietta,  Ga. 


1 9.  Barbers  Point  Recreation  Area,  Barbers  Pt.,  Hawaii 

20.  Kaneohe  Bay  Beach  Cottages  and  Campsites, 
Kaneohe  Bay,  Hawaii 

21 . Great  Lakes  Naval  Training  Center,  Great  Lakes,  III. 

22.  Crane  MWR  Campgrounds,  Crane  Ind. 

23.  Magnolia  Shade  Recreational  Vehicle  Park, 

New  Orleans 

24.  New  Orleans  NAS/JRB  Campground,  New  Orleans 

25.  Sprague’s  Neck,  Cutler,  Maine 

26.  Winter  Harbor  Recreation  Area,  Winter  Harbor,  Maine 

27.  Goose  Creek/West  Basin  Recreation  Area,  Patuxent 
River,  Md. 

28.  Solomons  Navy  Recreation  Center,  Solomons,  Md. 

29.  Cuttyhunk  Island  Recreational  Housing  Facility,  Boston 

30.  Fallon  RV  Park  and  Recreation  Area,  Fallon,  Nev. 

31 . Barnegat  Recreation  Cottages,  Staten  Island,  N.Y. 

32.  Lake  Laurie  Campground,  Willow  Grove,  Pa. 

33.  Cherry  Point  MWR  Famcamp,  Cherry  Point,  N.C. 

34.  Onslow  Beach  Campsites  and  Recreation  Area, 
Camp  LeJeune,  N.C. 

35.  Carr  Point  Recreation  Area,  Newport,  R.l. 

36.  Short  Stay  Navy  Outdoor  Rec  Area,  Moncks 
Corner,  S.C. 

37.  Navy  Lake  Recreation  Area,  Memphis,  Tenn. 

38.  Shields  Park  NAS  Recreation  Area,  Corpus 
Christi,  Texas 

39.  Southwinds  Marina  on  Lake  Amistad,  Del  Rio,  Texas 

40.  Hillhaus  Lodge,  Huntsville,  Utah 

41 . Cheatham  Annex  Recreation  Cabins  and  RV  Park, 
Cheatham  Annex,  Va. 

42.  Little  Creek  MWR  RV  Park,  Little  Creek,  Va. 

43.  Lunga  Park,  Quantico  MCB,  Va. 

44.  Sea  Mist  Recreational  Vehicle  Campground, 

Dam  Neck,  Va. 

45.  Stewart  Campground,  Chesapeake,  Va. 

46.  Cliffside  RV  Park,  Oak  Harbor,  Wash. 

47.  Jim  Creek  Regional  Outdoor  Recreation  Area, 
Arlington,  Wash. 

48.  Pacific  Beach  Resort  and  Conference  Center, 

Pacific  Beach,  Wash. 

49.  Rocky  Point  RV  Park,  Oak  Harbor,  Wash. 

50.  Sugar  Grove  Cabins,  Sugar  Grove,  W.Va. 













Des  Moines 

Pittsburgh  , 






Kansas  City' 





Oklahoma  City 





• Pensacola 

Baton  Rouge* 





San  Antonio 



51 . USS  Alabama  Battleship  Memorial  Park,  Mobile  Ala. 

52.  Angel  Island  State  Park,  San  Francisco 

53.  CEC/Seabee  Museum,  Port  Hueneme,  Calif. 

54.  Treasure  island  Museum,  San  Francisco 

55.  Nautilus  Memorial/Submarine  Force  Library  and 
Museum,  Groton,  Conn. 

56.  Submarine  Library  Museum,  Middletown,  Conn. 

57.  Navy  Memorial  Museum,  Washington,  D.C. 

58.  Pentagon,  Arlington,  Va. 

59.  Combat  Art  Gallery  & Navy  Museum,  Washington 
Navy  Yard,  Washington,  D.C. 

60.  Smithsonian  Air  & Space  Museum  and  the  Museum 
of  American  History,  Washington,  D.C. 

61 . NASA/John  F.  Kennedy  Space  Center,  Cape 
Canaveral,  Fla. 

62.  Naval  Aviation  Museum,  Pensacola,  Fla. 

63.  UDT/SEAL  Museum,  Ft.  Pierce,  Fla. 

64.  USS  Requin  Submarine  Memorial,  Tampa,  Fla. 

65.  Navy  Supply  Corps  Museum,  Athens,  Ga. 

66.  Civil  War  Museum,  Atlanta 

67.  USS  Arizona  Memorial,  Honolulu 

68.  U-505  German  Submarine,  Chicago 

69.  Louisiana  Naval  War  Memorial/USS  Kidd,  Baton 
Rouge,  La. 

70.  CSS  Pioneer,  New  Orleans 

71 . U.S.  Naval  Academy,  Annapolis,  Md. 

72.  US  Frigate  Constellation,  Baltimore 

73.  P.T.  Boat  Museum  & Library-USS  Massachusetts, 
Fall  River,  Mass. 

74.  USS  Constitution  Museum,  Boston 

75.  USS  SHversides,  Muskegon,  Mi. 

76.  YP  587  Patrol  Craft,  Southfield,  Mi. 

77.  USS  Inaugural,  Springfield,  Mo. 

78.  USS  Marlin  & USS  Hazard,  Omaha,  Neb. 

79.  USS  Albacore,  Portsmouth,  N.H. 

80.  USS  Ling  Submarine  Memorial  & Museum, 
Hackensack,  N.J. 

81 . Intrepid  Sea-Air-Space  Museum,  New  York  City 

82.  USS  North  Carolina,  Wilmington,  N.C. 

83.  USS  Cod,  Cleveland,  Ohio 

84.  USS  Becuna,  Philadelphia 

85.  USS  Olympia,  Philadelphia 

86.  Patriots  Point  Naval  & Maritime  Museum, 
Charleston,  S.C. 

87.  Battleship  South  Dakota  Memorial,  Sioux  Falls,  S.D. 

88.  MSB  5 Minesweeper,  Ft.  Worth,  Texas 

89.  USS  Cavallo,  USS  Stewart,  Galveston,  Texas 

90.  Hampton  Roads  Naval  Museum,  Norfolk 

91 . Portsmouth  Naval  Shipyard  Museum,  Portsmouth,  Va. 

92.  Bremerton  Naval  Museum,  Bremerton,  Wash. 

93.  Naval  Undersea  Museum,  Keyport,  Wash. 

94.  USS  Cobia/Manitowoc  Maritime  Museum, 
Manitowoc,  Wis. 

JUNE  1998 





for  the  masses 

Because  this  month’s  All  Hands  is 
focusing  on  the  Navy’s  medical 
community  and  highlighting  the 
100th  anniversary  of  Hospital  Corpsmen,  I 
started  thinking  about  how  the  Internet 
might  be  able  to  help  out  when  it  comes  to 
the  various  ailments  and  maladies  Sailors 

By  searching  Navy  medical  sites,  I came 
upon  one  that  is  worth  a look.  It’s  a site  that 
sure  seems  to  do  it  all  — the  Virtual  Naval 
Hospital  (VNH). 

Located  at,  this  destination  is 
posted  by  the  University  of  Iowa  College  of  Medicine  with 
help  from  the  Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery  (BUMED). 
Before  heading  there,  be  forewarned  — it  can  be  a bit  of  a 
chore  to  get  in. 

Netscape  - [The  Virtual  Naval  Hospital:  HomePage] 

Fie  Edit  }£m*  fio  fiookmaiks  Options  Directory  Window  Help 

E*o  £<8  Viow  go  Bookmans  Qpborc  Qiectoy  )i£njrjn  Help 

j Location  [http  //vrmt  vrhagAIHBAIHBHame  hbri 

Compiled  from  the  HEALTHWATCH  articles  in  the  Naval  Service  Medical  News 


Editor.  Naval  Service  Medical  News 
Bureau  of  Medicme  and  Surgery 
2300  E St  NW.  Room  1100 
Washington.  DC  20372-5300 
(202)  762-3218.  &x  -3224;  DSN  762-  mil 

The  homepage  offers  an 
avenue  for  providers  (that’s 
modern-speak  for  doctors, 

HMOs,  etc.)  and  one  for  patients. 

Being  accustomed  to  the  role  of 
patient,  that’s  where  I headed. 

So  what  are  you  interested 
in?  The  VNH  offers  informa- 
tion on  everything  from  back 
injuries  and  family  planning  to 
smoking  cessation  and  first 
aid.  Each  category  contains 
links  to  a variety  of  resources 
on  the  subject. 

Let’s  take  First  Aid  for 

example.  While  I wasn’t  too  concerned  at  this  point  in 
getting  the  lowdown  on  sucking,  chest  wounds  (sorry,  I 
just  had  to  say  that),  I did  want  to  find  out  some  basic  first 
aid  stuff.  So,  on  I went  to  a page  entitled  “First  Aid  for 

Virtual  Naval  Hospital 


The  Virtual  Naval  Hospital^™)  is  a trademark  of  the  University  of  Iowa. 

Presented  by  the  Electric  Differential  Multimedia  Laboratory,  Department  of  Radiology,  University  of  Iowa 
JrfcaaJ  Document  Done 

Soldiers  - 1.”  Yes,  that’s  right...  first  aid  for  soldiers.  It 
seems  that  the  VNH  has  put  a number  of  medical  informa- 
tion manuals  online  for  our  use. 

In  case  you’re  wondering,  the  online  manuals  are  pretty 
extensive  and  include  the  Navy  health  book  and  Army 

field  manuals  on  first  aid.  Links 
are  available  to  other  medical 
books,  like  the  American  Heart 
Association’s  Heart  & Stroke  A-Z 
Guide  and  the  Columbia  Univer- 
sity College  of  Physicians  and 
Surgeons’  Complete  Home 
Medical  Guide. 

Okay,  back  to  first  aid. 

I expected  page  after  page  of 
endless  words;  what  I got  was  a 
huge  surprise.  Granted,  there 
were  no  animations,  MIDI  files  or 
flashing  banners.  In  fact,  the  site 
is  rather  plain.  But  what  I found 
was  a well  laid-out  page  and 
easy  to  read  tables  with  steps  to  take  in  an  emergency. 
Further  on,  I discovered  drawings  showing  how  to  take  an 
injured  person’s  pulse  (neck,  wrist  or  ankle).  Other  pages 
held  information  on  CPR  (cardiopulmonary  resuscitation), 

Navy  Health  Book 

Table  of  Contents 

Health  Promotion  | Adult  Medicine  I Pediatrics 

’ ' r 



You  can  check  out  each  week  on  Navy/Marine  Corps  News 

choking,  bleeding,  shock  and  more. 

It’s  not  the  subject  matter  I normally  surf  for  and 
definitely  not  stuff  I think  about  often.  In  fact,  I wouldn’t 
advise  keeping  the  URL  in  your  hip  pocket  in  case  some- 
thing goes  wrong.  What  I would  recommend,  especially 

for  families,  is  to  check  VNH’s  various  pages  out  and 
print  out  a few.  It’s  an  easier  (and  cheaper)  way  to  keep 
an  up-to-date  medical  first  aid  and  information  book 
around  your  home. 

Relieve  that 


Medical  reports  say  stress  can  wreak  havoc  on  our 
mental  and  physical  health.  Anything  we  can  do  to 
reduce  that  stress  helps.  Take  a look  outside.  The 
weather’s  warmer,  El  Nino  is  subsiding  and  school’s  out.  It’s 
travel  time  and  that’s  a great  way  to  rid  ourselves  of  all  that 
winter  tension! 

Looking  for  a place  to  go?  First,  head  to  http://,  the  web  presence  of  TV’s  Travel 
Channel,  or  Microsoft’s  Expedia  at  http://www.  You  can  find  destinations  from  the  exotic 
(how  ‘bout  a quick  week  in  Nepal)  to  the  more  common  (a 
weekend  on  the  beach  in  San  Diego). 

The  web  is  packed  with  folks  giving  away  travel  information  or 
willing  to  set  you  up  with  your  dream  vacation.  American  Express, 
one  of  the  better  known  travel  companies,  is  located  at  http://  This  site  lists  some  great  places 
to  go,  ways  to  get  there  and  reservations  on  places  to  stay.  Not 
enough?  Want  more?  Cruise  over  to  Travelocity  at  http://  There  you  can  subscribe  to  an  e-mail 
service  which  keeps  you  advised  on  the  lowest  airfares  avail- 
able for  your  chosen  destination. 

And  speaking  of  airfares,  the  web  gives  you  the  chance  to  book 
your  own  flights.  Most  major  airlines  maintain  sites  on  the  web.  Other 
companies  are  springing  up  which  offer  alternative  methods  of 
booking  tickets.  ( 
PriceLineHomePage/cfml/main.cfm)  even  allows  potential 
travelers  to  “bid”  on  ticket  prices,  something  worth  checking  out 
if  you’re  on  a tight  budget  (and  who  isn’t?). 

No  matter  whether  you’re  traveling  across  country  or  to  a 
getaway  in  the  South  Seas,  the  Internet  is  the  best  way  to  get 
the  right  information...  right  now. 

JUNE  1998 


Eye  on  the  Fleet 


(Above)  SM  Scott  K.  Gliebe,  from  Harmony,  Pa,  uses 
semaphore  aboard  the  amphibious  assault  ship 
USS  Guam  (LPH  9)  to  signal  another  ship. 




ET3  Philip  Bagood,  from 
Sacramento,  Calif., 
climbs  a ladder  to 
access  the  ship’s  radar 
suite  high  in  the 
superstructure  of  USS 
Carney  (DDG  64). 

(Left)  Crewmembers  of 
USS  George 
Washington  (CVN  73) 
participate  in  a “push 
and  pull”  weightlifting 
competition  at  the 
halfway  point  of  their 
Persian  Gulf 

(Below)  SM3  Calvin  Adams, 
from  Danville,  III.,  flashes 
Morse  code  from  the  signal 
bridge  of  USS  George 
Washington  to  signalmen 
aboard  USS  Nimitz 
(CVN  68)  as  the  two  ships 
come  alongside  each  other 
in  the  Persian  Gulf. 

Eye  on  the  Fleet  is  a monthly  photo  feature  sponsored  by  the  Chief 
of  Information,  Navy  News  Photo  Division.  We  are  looking  for  high- 
impact,  quality  photography  from  Sailors  in  the  fleet  to  showcase  the 
American  Sailor  in  action.  To  be  considered,  forward  your  images 
with  full  credit  and  cut-line  information,  including  full  name,  rank  and 
duty  station.  Name  all  identifiable  persons  in  the  photo  and  include 
any  important  information  about  what  is  happening  in  the  photo, 
where  the  photo  was  taken  and  the  date.  Commands  with  digital 
photo  capability  can  send  attached  .jpeg  files  to 

Mail  your  submissions  to: 

2701  S CAPITOL  ST  SW 
WASHINGTON,  DC  20373-5819 

JUNE  1998 


Eye  on  the  Fleet 

(Right)  ABE3  Joshua  Schwandt,  from  Sacramento, 
Calif.,  signals  a clear  launch  of  an  F-1 4 Tomcat 
from  USS  Independence  (CVN  62). 

(Above,  from  left) 
RM1  Anthony 
Owens,  from 
Brooklyn,  N.Y.,  LT 
Brenda  Bradley, 
from  Richmond, 
Va.,  and  DP2 
Howard, from 
Atlanta,  Ga.,  sing 
songs  of  praise 
during  the 
National  Prayer 
Breakfast  aboard 
the  aircraft 
carrier  USS 
(CVN  73). 

IC3  Dean  Gibson  aligns  the  Manually 
Operated  Visual  Landing  System 
(MOVLAS),  a back-up  landing  system 
aboard  the  aircraft  carrier  USS 
Nimitz  (CVN  68). 






PN3  Patricia  A.  Ortiz, 
from  Chicago,  III.,  aids  a 
crew  member  in  updating 
her  service  record  in  the 
personnel  office  aboard 
the  nuclear  powered 
aircraft  carrier  USS  Nimitz 
(CVN  68). 

ET1  Mark  Caprio,  from 
Jacksonville,  Fla.,  checks 
radar  equipment  high 
above  the  guided-missile 
destroyer  USS  Carney 
(DDG  64). 

JUNE  1998 


Around  the  Fleet 

Amphib  training 
conducted  off 
East  Coast 

NORFOLK  — Amphibious 
Squadron  (PHIBRON)  8 and  the 
22nd  Marine  Expeditionary  Unit 
(MEU)  recently  completed  the  first 
phase  of  integrated  training  off  the 
coast  of  North  Carolina. 

The  Amphibious  Ready  Group 
(ARG),  consisting  of  command  ship 
USS  Saipan  (LHA  2),  USS  Austin  (LPD 
4)  and  USS  Tortuga  (LSD  46),  worked 
closely  with  the  22nd  MEU  in  conduct- 
ing several  amphibious  exercises. 
Included  in  the  training  were  several 
days  of  deck  landing  qualifications  for 
Marine  Helicopter  Squadron  (HMM) 
162  and  Navy  Helicopter  Combat 
Support  Squadron  (HC)  6.  Amphibious 
boat  training  was  conducted  by  Assault 
Craft  Units  2 and  4. 

“We  developed  an  ambitious 
schedule  of  events  for  the  week  and  met 
or  exceeded  every  training  objective,” 
said  CAPT  Dick  Enderly,  Commander, 
PHIBRON  8.  “The  ships  and  their 
crews,  the  naval  support  elements  and 
the  Marines  all  showed  superb  initiative 
and  enthusiasm,  which  indeed  resulted 
in  a solid  beginning  for  this  team.” 
(JOC  Paul  Brown,  USS  Saipan  (LHA  2) 
Public  Affairs) 

Education  gives 
Sailors  competitive 

WASHINGTON  — Studies  show 
that  Sailors  can  enhance  their  profes- 
sional development  and  stay  competi- 
tive for  advancement  by  participating 
in  voluntary  education  (VOLED) 
programs  offered  through  the  Navy. 
Programs  such  as  Tuition  Assistance 
(TA),  Program  Afloat  for  College 
Education  (PACE)  and  Academic  Skills 
Learning  Centers  provide  Sailors  the 

ATLANTIC  — As  the  amphibious 
assault  ship  USS  Guam  (LPH  9) 
steamed  across  the  Atlantic 
Ocean  en  route  to  its  home  port 
in  Norfolk,  it  received  a distress 
call  from  the  bridge  of  a Croatian 
bulk  carrier.  The  ship’s  master 
was  requesting  medical  assis- 
tance for  two  mariners  on  board. 
One  was  suffering  from  severe 
abdominal  pain  and  the  other  was 
experiencing  an  irregular  heart- 

At  the  time  of  the  call,  the 
merchant  vessel  was  about  350 
miles  from  Guam.  Staff  members 
from  Amphibious  Squadron 
(PHIBRON)  2 immediately  drew 
up  plans  to  medevac  the  two 
sailors.  The  decision  was  made  to 
steam  toward  the  merchant  ship 

and,  once  within  range,  launch  a 
search-and-rescue  (SAR)  team  from 
Helicopter  Squadron  6 (Det.  3)  the 
next  morning. 

At  first  light  the  helicopter  crew  was 
in  the  air  and  within  minutes  arrived 
on  scene.  Meanwhile,  the  ailing  sailors 
were  moved  topside  and  prepared  for  the 

The  helo  faced  a few  minor  complica- 
tions with  the  Croatian  ship.  For 
example,  the  Croatian  ship  had  several 
30-to-40-foot  cranes  on  the  weather 
deck  which  forced  the  rescue  helicopter 
to  hover  about  75  feet  above  the 
deck.  Most  rescue  hoistings  are 
made  at  approximately  10  feet. 

Aviation  Electronic  Technician  3rd 
Class  Kurt  Violette  of  Waterbury,  Conn., 
who  was  lowered  to  the  deck  to  prepare 
the  evacuees  for  the  lift,  said  operat- 
ing in  five-to-seven-foot  seas  was  a 

Guam  SAR  team  medevacs 



Sailors  and 
Marines  on  the 
flight  deck  of  USS 
Guam  (LPH  9) 
rush  an  ailing 
Croatian  merchant 
marine  to  the 
ship’s  medical 
ward  below  deck. 

:ion  mariners 


Despite  the  obstacles,  the 
mariners  were  safely  transported 
back  to  Guam  and  promptly 
treated  in  the  ship’s  medical  ward. 

CAPT  William  J.  Luti,  Guam’s 
commanding  officer,  called  the 
rescue  mission’s  success  an 
example  of  how  unselfish  Sailors 
and  Marines  are.  “Some  sailors 
needed  help  and  these  young 
men  and  women  quickly  respond- 
ed,” said  Luti.  “They  continue  to 
impress  me  every  day.” 

For  more  information  on  USS 
Guam , visit  their  website  at  http:// 

(Story  by  JOC  Doug  Hummel,  photo 
by  PHAN  Rich  Williams,  USS  Guam 
Public  Affairs) 

opportunity  to  move  ahead  academically. 

A recent  study  conducted  by  the 
Center  for  Naval  Analysis  document- 
ed a significant  and  positive  relation- 
ship between  voluntary  education  and 
promotion  and  retention.  Sailors  who 
improve  their  academic  skills  triple 
their  chance  to  cross-rate  to  under- 
manned ratings.  Sailors  who  com- 
plete 15  to  30  college  credits  have  a 
20  percent  greater  chance  of  making 
E-5  in  their  first  five  years  of  service 
than  those  who  don’t.  Those  with  60 


Two  Sailors  serving  aboard  the 
aircraft  carrier  USS  Abraham  Lincoln 
(CVN  72)  recently  helped  save  a 
man’s  life  while  on  liberty  in  Victoria, 
British  Columbia. 

While  eating  in  a local  coffee 
house,  Seaman  Recruit  Rodney 
Jennings  and  Fireman  Recruit  Ivan 
Butler  found  a man  collapsed  on  the 
restroom  floor. 

“I  turned  him  over  and  saw  that  he 
wasn’t  breathing,”  recalled  Butler,  “so 
I put  him  on  his  side,  crossed  his  arm 
over  his  chest  and  he 
started  breathing  again. 

Then  I laid  him  on  his 
back  and  put  a backpack 
under  his  head  to  keep 
his  air  passages  open.” 

While  Butler  attended 
to  the  man,  Jennings 
asked  the  coffee  shop 
attendant  to  call  an 
ambulance.  Both  Sailors 
stayed  with  the  man 
until  paramedics  arrived  15  minutes  later. 

According  to  a Victoria  police 
officer  who  arrived  at  the  scene,  the 
man  would  have  likely  died  had  it  not 
been  for  the  Sailors’  timely  interven- 

“Anybody  would  have  done  it,”  said 

college  credits  have  a 35  percent 
greater  probability. 

Tuition  Assistance  is  the  principal 
means  for  Sailors  attached  to  shore 
activities  to  pursue  further  education.  In 
FY97,  more  than  41,000  Sailors  enrolled 
in  nearly  119,000  courses  during  off-duty 
hours.  TA  pays  up  to  75  percent  of  both 
undergraduate  and  graduate  courses,  up 
to  a monetary  cap  of  $2,500  for  under- 
graduate courses  and  $3,500  for  graduate 
courses  per  fiscal  year.  In  FY99,  the 
monetary  cap  will  increase  to  $3,500  for 

Jennings.  “We  just  happened  to  be  in  the 
right  place  at  the  right  time.” 

The  two  Sailors  also  had  just 
happened  to  have  received  emergen- 
cy first  aid  and  CPR  training  during 
their  ship  indoctrination.  They  said 
the  mandatory  training  was  priceless 
because  it  helped  them  save  a life. 

For  more  information  on  USS 
Abraham  Lincoln,  visit  their  website  at 

(USS  Abraham  Lincoln  Public 

While  on  liberty  in  Victoria,  British 
Columbia,  FR  Ivan  Butler  (left)  of 
Hayward,  Calif.,  and  SR  Rodney  Jen- 
nings of  Bellefountaine,  Miss.,  used  the 
CPR  training  they  had  received  aboard 
USS  Abraham  Lincoln  (CVN  72)  to  save 
a Canadian  man’s  life. 

Abraham  Lincoln  Sailors  Heroes 

Photo  by  PH3  Daniel  J.  Wolsey 

JUNE  1998 


Around  the  Fleet 

both,  with  a $187.50  per  credit  cap. 

Sailors  assigned  to  ships  can 
enroll  in  the  PACE  program,  in 
which  Sailors  pay  the  cost  of 
textbooks  while  the  Navy  fully 
funds  the  courses.  In  FY97, 
Sailors  took  almost  33,000 
courses  at  sea.  PACE  is  avail- 
able to  every  ship  in  the  Navy. 
Courses  can  be  taught  by 
resident  instructors  or  by  com- 
puter interactive  video. 

Participation  at  Academic  Skills 
Learning  Centers  helps  Sailors 
upgrade  their  basic  academic 
skills,  increase  ASVAB  scores, 
better  prepare  for  college  degree 
programs  and  gain  a professional 
advantage  in  performing  their 
Navy  jobs. 

For  more  information  on 
education  opportunities  in  the 
Navy,  visit  the  Navy  VOLED 
website  at 

(BUPERS  Public  Affairs) 


WASHINGTON  — Navy  dental 
technicians  celebrated  their  golden 
anniversary  April  2.  The 
creation  of  a 
separate  dental 
rating  was 
authorized  by 

1948,  dental 
were  hospital 
trained  as 
assistants  or 
prosthetic  techni- 
cians. Their  number 
grew  to  more  than  10,000 
in  World  War  II.  Dental  techni- 
cians served  admirably  during  wars  in 
Korea,  Vietnam,  Lebanon  and  the 
Arabian  Gulf.  One  technician,  Dental- 



man  Thomas  Christensen,  earned  a 
posthumous  award  of  theNavy  Cross 
for  gallantry  in  Korea. 

Currently,  there 
are  3,021  active 
and  679  Reserve 
dental  techni- 
cians. They  serve 
in  nine  Navy 
enlisted  codes  -- 

basic  technician, 
dental  laboratory 
surgical  techni- 
cian, Fleet  Marine 
Force  technician, 
equipment  repair, 
administrative  technician, 
dental  hygienist  and  maxillofa- 
cial technician.  (HMCS  Mark  Hacala, 
Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery) 

REDCOM  8 . 

supports  Day  of  Caring 

JACKSONVILLE,  Fla.  — Seventeen  Sailors  from  the  Naval  Reserve 
Readiness  Command  (REDCOM)  8 joined  local  United  Way  agencies  and 
area  volunteers  for  the  1998  Day  of  Caring.  The  joint  effort,  intended  to 
help  finish  area,  is  in  its  seventh  year  in  the  Jacksonville,  Fla.,  community. 

REDCOM  8 volunteers  contributed  by  renovating  a local  youth  club. 
They  constructed  several  flower  beds,  pressure-washed  the  exterior  of  the 
club,  raked  leaves,  picked  up  trash  and  painted  several  rooms. 

Seaman  Darnien  Crawly  said  he  was  amazed  at  the  huge  difference 
REDCOM  8 volunteers  made  in  the  club’s  appearance  in  just  a day’s  work. 

“We  knew  when  we  got  to  the  club  that  we  had  our  work  cut  out  for 
us,”  said  the  20-year-old  yeoman  from  Notasulga,  Ala.  “I  was  really 
surprised  to  see  how  hard  work  paid  off  in  such  a short  time.” 

REDCOM  8 Sailors  are  involved  in  many  other  Jacksonville  volunteer 
projects,  such  as  “Paint  the  Town  Red”  and  “Habitat  for  Humanity.” 

For  more  info  on  REDCOM  8,  visit  their  website  at  http:// 

(Story  and  photo  by  JOl  Crystal  M.  Raner,  REDCOM  8 Public  Affairs) 

EA2  John  Meyer  of  Kettering,  Ohio,  pressure  washes  the 
outside  of  the  Ramona  Boys  and  Girls  Club  during  United 
Way  Northeast  Florida’s  “Day  of  Caring”.  Meyer  and  17 
other  REDCOM  8 Sailors  joined  other  project  volunteers  in 
the  Jacksonville,  Fla.,  community. 



Navywide  home 
address  collection 

WASHINGTON  — All  military 
personnel  are  now  required  to  provide  a 
current  address  for  the  DOD  Central- 
ized Personnel  Locator  Service. 

To  maintain  accurate,  up-to-date 
addresses  for  all  Navy  personnel,  current 
addresses  will  be  stored  in  the  Defense 
Enrollment  Eligibility  Reporting  System 

If  you  are  within  30  days  of  changing 
your  permanent  duty  station  or  home 
address,  you  must  update  your  current 
address  as  follows: 

If  you’re  on  shore  duty  in  CONUS, 
you  must  provide  your  residential 

If  you’re  assigned  OCONUS,  aboard 
a ship,  with  a routinely  deployable  unit 
or  are  work  with  national  security  or 
higher  authority  tasking,  you  must 
provide  your  duty  or  command  address; 

If  you’re  stationed  OCONUS  with  a 
deployable  unit,  you  must  provide  your 
command  duty  address  in  addition  to 
ensuring  your  family  members  provide  a 
current  residential  address. 

Updating  your  address  is  simple. 
Either  contact  your  local  personnel 
support  detachment,  send  an  e-mail 
directly  to  DEERS  at 
<>,  or  call 
the  DEERS  Support  Office  at  1-800-527- 
5602  (Hawaii  and  Alaska),  1-800-334- 
4162  (California)  or  1-800-538-9552  (all 
others  CONUS). 

For  more  details  on  the  new  require- 
ment to  maintain  a current  address  with 
DEERS,  refer  to  NAVADMIN  313/97,  or 
email  Doris  Perry  at  p334a@ 

For  information  on  other  personnel- 
related  issues,  visit  the  BUPERS  website 

( Story  by  LT  Bill  Anderson,  BUPERS 
Public  Affairs) 

Vincennes  participates  in  Valiant  Usher  98-1 

TOWNSHEND  ISLAND,  Australia  — 
The  guided-missile  cruiser  USS  Vincennes 
(CG  49),  forward  deployed  to  Yokosuka, 
Japan,  recently  completed  Exercise  Valiant 
Usher  98-1  with  USS  Belleau  Wood  (LHA 
3)  amphibious  ready  group  and  the  Royal 
Australian  Navy  destroyer  HMAS  Perth 
(DDG  38).  The  combined  exercise  took 
place  near  Townshend  Island,  Australia. 

As  part  of  the  exercise,  the  31st  Marine 
Expeditionary  Unit,  embarked  on  USS 
Belleau  Wood,  USS  Dubuque  (LPD  8)  and 
USS  Germantown  (LSD  42),  assaulted  the 
beach  at  Townshend  Island. 

Training  also  included  close  air  support, 

fire  support  from  Vincennes  and  Perth, 
and  small  arms  fire  from  troops  ashore. 

Vincennes  provided  naval  surface  fire 
support  to  the  3,000  Marines  conducting 
maneuvers  on  Townshend  Island.  Using 
her  two  5-inch  guns,  the  guided-missile 
cruiser  fired  350  rounds  of  ammunition. 

After  the  exercise  was  completed, 
Vincennes  crew  members  visited  a series 
of  Australian  port. 

For  more  information  on  Exercise 
Valiant  Usher  98-1,  visit  the  U.S.  7th  Fleet 
website  at 

(USS  Vincennes  Public  Affairs) 

The  Ticonderoga-c\ass  guided- 
missile  cruiser  USS  Vincennes  (CG 
49)  participated  in  Exercise  Valiant 
Usher  98-1  near  Townshend  Island, 

Seabees  in  Bosnia 
transfer  bridge 
to  locals 

BRCKO,  near  Bosnia  — A 17-Seabee 
detail  from  Naval  Mobile  Construction 
Battalion  (NMCB)  1 recently  spent  three 
days  dismantling  and  removing  military 
fighting  positions  on  both  sides  of  the 
Brcko  bridge,  in  the  town  of  Brcko  near 

“The  idea  was  to  turn  the  responsi- 
bility of  bridge  control  back  to  the  local 
government,”  said  Chief  Construction 
Mechanic  (SCW)  James  Radford. 

“The  Seabees  who  have  been 
assigned  to  Bosnia  during  the  past 
two  years  have  proven  that  teamwork 
is  the  way  ahead,”  said  LCDR  Pete 
Lynch,  contingency  engineer  for  the 
U.S.  European  Command  in  Stut- 
tgart, Germany.  “Their  seamless 
transition  into  the  Bosnia  operation 
sets  the  example  for  future  joint 
engineering  missions.” 

For  more  information  on  Navy  Seabees, 
visit  their  website  at navpalib/ 
factfile/personnel/  seabees/seabee  1 .html. 

(Story  by  J02  Kelly  A.  Trout,  NMCB-1  Public 

JUNE  1998 



CDR  Byron  Joseph,  USNR,  a San  Diego 

policeman,  received  the  San  Diego  Police  Depart- 
ment’s highest  award  for  bravery  after  being  wound- 
ed while  apprehending  a suspect  in  a shooting.  He 
received  a Purple  Heart  and  a Medal  for  Valor  for  his 
acts  of  courage  and  dedication  to  duty.  He  is  an 
aviator  with  HSL-84  at  NAS  North  Island,  San  Diego. 

Hospital  Corpsman  1st  Class  (SW/ 

AW/FMF)  Thomas  E.  Rice  was  selected  as 
the  1997  Senior  Shore  Sailor  of  the  Year  for  Naval 
Hospital,  Charleston,  S.C.  A native  of  West  Palm 
Beach,  Fla.,  Rice  directed  daily  operations,  main- 
tained administrative  requirements  and  updated  the 
command’s  $22  million  property  inventory,  and 
attainied  a 97.8  percent  accountability. 

Disbursing  Clerk  1st  Class  (SW) 
Kimberly  J.  Werla  is  the  Space  and  Naval 
Warfare  Systems  Command  1997  Sailor  of  the  Year. 
As  the  SPAWAR  Detachment  San  Diego  travel  and 
assistant  budget  officer,  she  reduced  travel  claim 
processing  time  by  90  percent  and  government  credit 
card  error  by  70  percent.  The  Delaware  native  is  on 
the  Fleet  Reserve  Association  Branch  61  Board. 

LT  Glen  S.  Leverette  of  the  Surface  Warfare 
Officers  School  Command  (SWOSCOLCOM)  was 
recently  selected  as  the  1997  Junior  Officer  of  the 
Year  for  the  Newport  naval  complex.  Leverette,  a 
native  of  Daytona  Beach,  Fla.,  was  cited  for  his 
sustained  superior  performance  as  an  instructor,  his 
professionalism  and  commitment  to  quality  educa- 
tion and  his  active  community  involvement. 

Dental  Technician  3rd  Class  Angela  Watson 

was  selected  as  the  1997  Junior  Sailor  of  the  Year  for 
Naval  Hospital  Charleston,  S.C.  A native  of  Sanford,  N.C., 
Watson  took  on  the  additional  responsibilities  of  direct- 
ing daily  operations,  increasing  dental  readiness  to  more 
than  95  percent  and  maintaining  all  administrative 
requirements,  while  she  performed  her  daily  duties. 

Boatswain’s  Mate  1st  Class  (EOD) 

Michael  C.  Doyle  was  selected  as  the  Commander, 
Explosive  Ordnance  Disposal  (EOD)  Group  1,1997  Staff 
Sailor  of  the  Year.  The  Oregon  native  is  the  technical  reference 
library  custodian,  security  assistant  custodian  and  NWP 
custodian.  He  directs  and  manages  more  than  500  vehicles, 
100  boats  and  $50  million  in  EOD  equipment. 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
Admiral  Jay  L.  Johnson 
Chief  of  Information 

RDML  Thomas  Jurkowsky 
Commanding  Officer,  Naval  Media  Center 
CAPT  Edward  Lundquist 
All  Hands  Editor 
Marie  G.  Johnston 
All  Hands  Art  Director 
JOCS  Cary  Casola 
All  Hands  Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
All  Hands  Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 
All  Hands  Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
JOI  Ron  Schafer 
JOI  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PH2  Joseph  Gunder  III 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 
All  Hands  Production  Staff 
Leroy  E.  Jewell 
William  E.  Beamon 
DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 
DMSN  Michael  Noeth 
Rabil  & Bates  Communication  Design  Co. 

Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002-5577) 
(Number  974)  is  published  monthly  by  Naval 
Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station 
Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W., 
Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819.  Periodical-class 
postage  is  paid  at  Washington,  D.C.  20374  and 
additional  mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superinten- 
dent of  Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing 
Office,  Washington,  D.C.  20402  or  call  (202)  512- 

Postmaster:  Send  address  changes  to  All 
Hands  magazine,  Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing 
Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701 
S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and 
correspondence  to:  Naval  Media  Center, 

Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor,  Naval  Station 
Anacostia,  Bldg.  168,  2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W., 
Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819.  Phone  (202)  433- 
4171  or  DSN  288-4171.  Fax  (202)  433-4747  or 
DSN  288-4747.  E-mail:  Message:  NAVME- 

Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  has 
determined  this  publication  is  necessary  in  the 
transaction  of  business  required  by  law  of  the 



pd  from 


Arabian  Gulf  intercept  ops 

Life  in  the  belly  of  an  amphib 

USS  McFaul:  a state-of- 
the-art  ship  manned  by 
high-tech  sailors 

Number  975 


Sentinels  of  International  Will 

Since  1990,  the  Multinational  Interception 
Force  has  diverted  637  suspected  sanctions 
violators  in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 





C.O.D.  - Combat  on  Delivery 

Craftmasters  bring  Sailors  and  Marines 
to  the  fight. 

Underway  Instruction 

Craftmasters  use  YPs  to  inject  salt  into  the 
veins  of  Naval  Academy  midshipmen. 

Riverboat  Gambler 

BMl  James  Williams,  the  most  decorated 
enlisted  Sailor  in  the  history  of  the  U.S.  Navy, 
talks  about  the  Navy  and  one  hot  day 
in  Vietnam. 

Cave  Dwellers 

The  Navy’s  ability  to  land  Marines  ashore 
anywhere  in  the  world  begins  in  the 
well  deck  of  an  amphib. 


New  Age  Gator 

LPD  17  - poised  to  take  the  “Gator”  Navy 
into  the  21st  Century. 

24  State-of-the-Art  Ships  for 
High-Tech  Sailors 

USS  McFaul  (DDG  74),  the  Navy’s 
newest  guided-missile  destroyer  - taking 
the  surface  Navy  into  the  21st  century  with 
the  most  sophisticated  weaponry  the 
world  has  ever  seen. 

28  Busted! 

Substance  abuse  in  the  United  States  costs 
every  man,  woman  and  child  $1,000  a year. 
Something  has  got  to  give. 

3 2 Enemy  Mine 

Mine-countermeasure  ships  are  capable  of 
finding,  classifying  and  destroying  moored 
and  bottom  mines. 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
John  H.  Dalton 

Chief  of  Navel  Operations 
ADM  Jay  L.  Johnson 

Chief  of  Information 
RDML  Thomas  Jurkowsky 

Commanding  Officer, 

Naval  Media  Center 
CAPT  Edward  Lundquist 

Still  Media  Department  Head 
LCDR  John  Kirby 

Publishing  Division  Officer 
LT  Edie  Rosenthal 

Print  Media  Coordinator 
LT  Tyrus  Lemerande 



Marie  G.  Johnston 
Assistant  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
J01  Ron  Schafer 
J01  Rodney  Furry 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
J02  Jason  Thompson 
PH2  Joseph  Gunder  III 
PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 


Garland  Powell 



Rabil  & Bates  Communication  Design 

Creative  Director 

Debra  Bates 

Art  Director 

JOCS  Cary  Casola 

Graphic  Designer 

David  Chapman 

Julie  Dorman 

Production  Staff 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 

William  E.  Beamon 

DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 

Photo  Editor 
PHI  Jim  Hampshire 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-975;  ISSN  0002-5577) 

(Number  975)  is  published  monthly  by  Navel  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Published  monthly  by  Naval  Station 
Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W.  Washington, 
D.C.  20373-5819.  Periodical-class  postage  is  paid  at 
Washington,  D.C.  20374  and  additional  mailing  offices. 
Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superintendant  of 
Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing  Office.  Washington 
D.C.  20402  or  call  (202)  512-1800. 

Postmaster  Send  Address  changes  to  All  Hands  magazine, 
Navel  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  Navel  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Navel  Staton  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 2701 
S.  Capitol  St,  S.W.,  Washington  D.C.  20372-5819. 

Editorial  Offices:  Send  Submissions  and  correspondence 
to:  Navel  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  ATTN;  Editor, 
Navel  Staton  Anacosta,  Bldg.  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St., 

S.W.,  Washington  D.C.  20373-5819.  Phone  (202)  433-4747 
or  DSN  288-4747.  Fax  (202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747. 
Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  has  determined 
this  publicaton  is  necessary  in  the  transacton  of  business 
required  by  law  of  the  Department  of  the  Navy. 

MOttO:  Strength  for  Freedom 

Breakaway  Song:  Bustin’  Loose 
Homeport:  Mayport 

Motto:  Determined  Warrior 

Breakaway  Song:  Bad  to  the  Bone 
Homeport:  Norfolk 

Motto:  Strength  in  Freedom 

Breakaway  Song:  Wipeout 
Homeport:  Pearl  Harbor 

34  Warriors 

USS  Arleigh  Burke  (DDG  51)  makes 
ESWS  qualification  priority  No.  1. 


The  Sinking  of  the  Merrimac 

On  the  morning  of  June  3,  1898,  a U.S.  Navy 
lieutenant  and  his  crew  of  seven  drove  a broken- 
down,  unarmed  collier  into  a heavily  defended 
Cuban  harbor  - and  tried  to  sink  her. 

40  Chief  has  the  Conn 

USS  Ashland  (LSD  48)  Sailors  take  the  conn 
during  a recent  Mediterranean  deployment. 


2 Around  the  Fleet 

42  Eye  on  the  Fleet 

46  Cybersailor 

48  Shipmates 

( Check  us  out  Online  at: 

On  the  Cover 

OS2  (SW)  Christopher  Pierce,  USS 
Crommelins  (FFG  37)  VBSS  Team  Leader, 
climbs  down  a Jacob’s  ladder  as  his  team 
prepares  to  board  a suspected  smuggling 
vessel  in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 

On  the  Back  Cover 

QMSN  Brian  Phillips  of  Chillicothe,  Ohio, 
shoots  a fix  on  a land  mark  while  USS 
Typhoon  (PC  5)  pulls  into  Rota,  Spain. 

Photo  by  PHI  Jim  Hampshire 

Motto:  Proptus  Et  Paratus 
(Prompt  and  Prepared) 

Breakaway  Song: 

Theme  from  The  Magnificent  Seven 
Homeport:  San  Diego 

Motto:  First  and  Fomidable 

Breakaway  Song: 

Don’t  Worry,  Be  Happy 
Homeport:  Pascagoula 

Motto:  Fuel  for  Freedom 

Breakaway  Song:  Respect 
Homeport:  Pearl  Harbor 

Motto:  Leading  the  Charge  - Everyone 
Else  is  Behind  the  Eight  Ball 

Breakaway  Song:  Back  in  Black 
Homeport:  San  Diego 

Motto:  Steadfast  and  Courageous 

Breakaway  Song:  I Feel  Good 
Homeport:  San  Diego 

Photo  by  PH2  Jason  Carter 

Around  the  Fleet 

8 Seconds 

The  work  day  is  over  and  it  is  time  to  relax  and  unwind.  No  more  inspections.  No 
uniforms.  No  leading  petty  officers  in  your  face.  No  mandatory  deadlines.  No  field 
days.  No  duty.  No  orders.  Just  a little  peace  and  quiet.  Right?  For  some,  maybe.  But  not 
for  Aviation  Maintenance  Administrationman  Airman  (AZ)  Rex  Mancuso.  He’s  on  his  way 
to  his  second  job  — as  professional  bull  rider. 

Originally  from  Amarillo,  Texas,  Rex  is  a member  of  the  Professional  Bull  Riders 
Association  (PBR)  and  the  Professional  Rodeo  Cowboys  Association  (PRCA).  “Riding 

bulls  is  like  nothing  you  will 
ever  try.  It’s  pure  adrenaline 
and  a touch  of  fear,”  Mancuso 
said.  Assigned  to  Helicopter 
Anti-Submarine  Squadron 
Light  84,  he  has  been  in  the 
Navy  since  December  1 996. 

When  asked  to  comment  on 
the  art  of  bull  riding,  Mancuso 
| was  adamant,  “That  eight- 
2 second  ride  is  only  a small  part 
s of  the  bigger  picture.  There  are 
f miles  of  driving  and  hours  of 
= training.  When  that  bull  is 
l bucking  and  spinning  2,000 


5 pounds  of  loose  hide,  all  you 

have  to  keep  you  up  is  your  grip  and  a loose  rope.  Bull 

Ride  ’em  Cowboy!  Rex  Mancuso  . , , , 

riding  is  ninety-eight  percent  mental.  It  comes  down  to  who 
competes  in  the  “Super  Bull”  in  . 

Amarillo,  Texas.  wants  it  more. 

Mancuso  went  to  college  on  a rodeo  scholarship  and  has 
won  numerous  competitions.  It  is  a safe  bet  that  he  will  always  be  somewhere  in  the  top 
1 5.  Upon  completion  of  his  current  tour,  Mancuso  plans  to  get  out  of  the  Navy  and  compete 
on  the  professional  rodeo  circuit.  That  means  more  long  drives  and  three  to  four  rodeos  a 
week.  But  Mancuso  said  it  will  all  be  worth  it  when  he  makes  it  to  the  PRCA  World  Finals 
in  Las  Vegas,  Nevada.  “I  plan  to  win  the  world  bull  riding  finals.” 

Mancuso’s  advice  to  others:  “Don’t  be  afraid  to  chase  your  dreams  or  be  whatever  it  is 
you  want  to  be,  but  don’t  be  afraid  to  pay  the  price.” 

Story  by  YN1  Tom  Hussey,  Helicopter  Anti-Submarine  Squadron  Light  84 

Anthrax  vaccination 
program  progressing 

More  than  10,000  Sailors  have 
been  inoculated  since  Secretary  of 
Defense  William  S.  Cohen’s 
announcement  that  all  military 
personnel  deployed  to  the  Arabian 
Gulf  will  get  anthrax  vaccinations. 

Biological  weapons  are  main- 
tained by  several  countries 
around  the  world.  Use  of  these 
weapons  could  cause  widespread 
illness  among  unprotected  mili- 
tary forces.  Anthrax  is  one  of  the 
most-deadly  biological  agents  in 
use  today.  It  is  highly  lethal  and 
easy  to  produce  in  large  quanti- 
ties and  as  a weapon.  It  can  also 
be  spread  over  a large  area 
quickly.  There  are  no  known 
cases  of  un-innoculated  persons 
surviving  an  exposure  to  the 
anthrax  spore.  Symptoms,  which 
appear  within  hours  of  exposure, 
include  fever,  cough,  respiratory 
problems  and  severe  shock. 

By  being  fully  vaccinated  the 
chances  of  survival  are  greatly 

The  immunization  program 
consists  of  a series  of  6 
inoculations  over  an  18-month 
period,  followed  by  an  annual 
booster.  Although  the  level  of 
protection  increases  with  each 
shot  in  the  series,  the  full 
complement  of  6 shots  is 
required  for  full  protection. 

More  information  on  the 
anthrax  vaccine  can  be  found 
on  the  web  at  http://www. 
Story  by  J02  Jeremy  Mien,  All  Hands. 



LDO/CWO  applications 
due  Aug.  1 

Eligible  first  class,  chief  and 
senior  chief  petty  officers  are 
encouraged  to  apply  for  FYOO 
Limited  Duty  Officer  (LDO) 
and/or  Chief  Warrant  Officer 
(CWO)  programs.  Applications 
are  due  to  BUPERS  by  Aug.  1 . 

Master  chief  petty  officers  can 
only  apply  for  the  CWO 
program.  If  selected,  master 

chiefs  with  two  years  in  grade  as 
of  Oct.  1 of  the  year  in  which  the 
board  convenes  will  be 
appointed  to  CW03.  CWOs  who 
have  completed  at  least  one  year 
in  grade  as  of  Oct.  1 are  also 
encouraged  to  apply  for  LDO;  if 
selected,  they  will  be  appointed 
to  lieutenant  junior  grade. 

LDO/CWO  programs 
provide  the  Navy  with  high- 
level  technical  managers  and 

specialists  to  assume  leadership 
in  key  positions.  Through  these 
programs,  outstanding  senior 
enlisted  personnel  may  compete 
for  a commission  without  a 
college  degree.  LDOs  and 
CWOs  comprise  approximately 
10  percent  of  the  Navy’s 
officer  corps. 

Applicants  should  review 
BUPERS  INST  1131.1  A for 
information  on  eligibility  and 

SeaBees  “Can-Do” 
spirit  docks  in 
the  Desert 

Speed  Boats.  Jet  skis.  Fishing.  All  are  images 
that  come  to  mind  when  one  pictures  the 
small  lakeshore  community  of  Lake  Havasu 
City,  Ariz.  But  dump  trucks,  graders  and 
heavy  machinery  are  the  reality. 

Site  6 on  the  Lake  Havasu  waterfront  is 
currently  under  construction.  Soon,  with 
the  help  of  the  3rd  Naval  Construction 
Brigade  of  Port  Hueneme,  Calif.,  Site  6 will 
serve  as  a boat  launch  facility  and  a family 
fishing  spot  for  local  residents  and 
seasonal  vacationers. 

The  idea  for  the  project  began  six 
years  ago  as  a public-private  venture  of 
Anglers  United,  the  Bureau  of  Land 
Management  and  Lake  Havasu  City. 
However,  financial  setbacks  delayed  the 
plan’s  kickoff.  Kirk  Koch,  Bureau  of  Land 
Management  project  manager,  suggested 
the  Seabees  as  a possible  option  and 
contact  with  the  3rd  Naval  Construction 
Brigade  was  made  in  an  effort  to  move 
the  project  forward. 

Three  weeks  after  the  city  council  let  the 
contract,  the  Seabees  were  on  site  and  the 
project  was  on  schedule  and  under  budget. 

SW2  Mark  Johnson  lays  electrical 
conduit  in  Lake  Havasu,  Ariz. 

According  to  LT  Jerry  Grence,  project 
manager  for  the  3rd  Naval  Construction 
Brigade,  the  Seabees  knew  they  could  get 
the  job  done  and  done  right.  “I  knew  we 
had  the  talent  and  the  knowledge  to 
successfully  complete  the  planned  design. 
The  Seabee  mission  fit  perfectly  with  the 
project’s  requirements.”  The  use  of  military 
labor  is  part  of  the  Innovative  Readiness 
Program  initiated  by  President  Clinton. 

Said  Koch,  “Everybody  wins  on  this 
project.  The  project  is  ahead  of  schedule 
due  to  the  volunteerism  of  the  military 
and  the  community.” 

When  the  pier  is  finished,  the  T-shaped 
dock  will  extend  174  feet  into  the  cove 
at  Site  6,  with  a 132-foot  section  at  the 
head  of  the  “T”  housing  nine  covered 
fishing  houses.  The  dock  will  also  be 
wheelchair-accessible,  a feature  which 
makes  this  pier  unique. 

Because  of  the  efforts  of  the  Seabees, 
taxpayers  are  being  saved  $250,000  in 
construction  costs  and  the  once  rocky 
beachfront  is  being  transformed  into  a 
sandy  marina.  Completion  is  set  for  late 
spring,  when  the  Navy  will  pack  up  and  set 
sail  from  the  desert. 

Story  by  LT  Priscilla  L.  Baird,  public  affairs 
office,  3rd  Naval  Construction  Brigade 

JULY  1998 



Around  the  Fleet 

application  procedures.  All 
applicants  are  encouraged  to 
order  and  review  their  micro- 
fiche and  personal  summary 
records  at  the  earliest  opportu- 
nity. Records  can  be  requested 
from  Pers-313  by  mail  or  fax  at 
DSN  224-8882  or  (703)  614- 
8882.  The  BUPERS  Homepage 
bupers)  has  information  on 
requesting  microfiche  and 
personal  summary  records,  as 
well  as  on  the  LDO/CWO 

NAVADMIN  066/98 
contains  a list  of  common 
errors  and  omissions  from 
applications  and  details  on 
applying.  Questions  concerning 
applications,  including  verifica- 
tion of  receipt,  should  be 
directed  to  PERS  81 1 at  DSN 
224-2531/1193  or  (703)  614- 

Carter  has 
himself  through  a life- 
time of  public  service  and  is  the 
only  U.S.  president  to  ever  be 
submarine  qualified. 

“President  Carter  is  a living 
example  of  our  Core  Values  of 
honor,  courage  and  commit- 
ment,” said  Chief  of  Naval 
Operations  ADM  Jay  L. 


Seawolf- class  submarines  are 
the  most  capable,  multi-mission 

ever  built. 

“When  Jimmy  Carter 
joins  the  fleet  in  December 
2001,  she  will  be  the  fastest, 
quietest  and  most  heavily- 
armed,  technologically-advanced 
submarine  ever  built,”  said 
Johnson.  “At  393-feet  and 
displacing  9,000  tons,  she  repre- 
sents the  finest  that  American 
industry  can  put  forward.  She  is 
also  crewed  by  the  finest  Sailors 
the  world  has  ever  seen.  The 
Seawolf- class  submarine  is  an 
awesome  machine.” 

Story  by  J02  Brigette  Barnes, 
Navy  News  Service 

2531/1193  or  e-mail: 

p81 1 

Applications  should  be 
mailed  to  Commander,  Navy 
Personnel  Command 
(PERS  81  ID),  Bldg.  791, 

NSA  Memphis,  7800 
Third  Ave., 

Millington,  TN 

Story  by  BUPERS 
Public  Affairs 

SSN  23 

USS  Jimmy  Carter 

The  Secretary  of  the  Navy 
officially  named  the  newest 
Seawolf- class  nuclear-powered 
submarine  Jimmy  Carter 
(SSN  23)  April  27,  in  honor 
of  the  39th  president  of  the 
United  States. 

Postcard  From  the  Fleet 

Name:  GSMFN  (SW)  David  Alec  Jones 
Assigned  to:  USS  Stout  (DDG  55) 
Hometown:  Stillwater,  Okla. 

Hobbies:  NASCAR  and  country  music 
Best  Part  of  the  Job:  “Getting 
opportunities  to  excel  — like  becoming 
the  first  non-petty  officer  onboard 
Stout  to  get  ESWS  qualified. 

School’s  in 

How  do  you  take  a ship  to 
school?  You  don’t.  You  bring  the 
school  to  the  ship. 

Enter  the  Afloat  Training 
Group,  or  ATG.  According  to 
Operations  Specialist  1st  Class 
(SW)  Patrick  T.  Therrien,  one  of 
ATG’s  aviation  warfare  systems 
experts,  ATG’s  mission  is  to  fuse 
a ship’s  crew  into  a cohesive 
fighting  unit  through  evaluation 
and  instruction. 

“When  we  come  aboard,  we 
bring  people  — anywhere  from 
15  to  40  trainers  — in  various 
rates  to  evaluate  areas  such  as 
aviation  warfare,  electronic 
warfare,  navigation,  communi- 
cations, etc.  There’s  not  a 
department  on  the  ship  we’re 
not  involved  in.” 

The  evaluation  process  can 
be  long  and,  at  times,  tedious. 

Included  in  that  process  is  a 
week-long,  scenario-based  exer- 
cise called  a Command 
Assessment  of  Readiness  and 
Training,  or  CART,  which  uses 
pierside  simulators  to  generate 
battle  scenarios. 

The  entire  visit  may  last  as 
long  as  four  weeks.  But  the  team 
will  not  leave  until  they  are 
confident  the  ship  is  ready  to 
enter  combat  situations  as  a 
cohesive  fighting  unit. 

“I  try  to  show  Sailors  the 
right  way  to  do  things,  and  stop 
any  bad  habits  they  might  have,” 
said  Therrien. 

One  of  the  team’s  most 
important  goals  is  to  show  the 
different  divisions  the  impor- 
tance of  interaction  and 

“When  you’re  conducting  an 
engineering  fire  drill,  you  have 
to  remember  that  it  doesn’t 


affect  just  that  area.  There  may 
be  several  divisions  affected  by 
that  kind  of  damage.  So  when 
we  play  out  a scenario,  we 
involve  everybody,  so  they  can 
learn  to  coordinate  their 
efforts,”  he  said. 

Using  a fairly  new  method  of 
standardized  teaching,  called 
“objective-based  training,”  ATG 
has  also  eliminated  a major 
source  of  confusion  during 
exercise  scenarios — interpreta- 
tion. By  using  a standardized 
checklist  for  every  procedure  a 
scenario  might  impose  on  a 
ship,  Sailors  now  have  a black 

were  recently  recognized  by  Secretary  of  Defense  William  S. 
Cohen  for  their  accomplishments  in  the  areas  of  natural 
resources  conservation,  cultural  resources  management, 
environmental  quality,  pollution  prevention,  recycling  and 
environmental  cleanup. 

Navy  award  recipients  are  listed  below  by  category: 

Natural  Resources  Conservation: 

Naval  Submarine  Base  Kings  Bay,  Ga. 

Environmental  Quality,  Industrial  Installation: 

Naval  Aviation  Depot  North  Island  (NADEP),  San  Diego. 

Pollution  Prevention,  Weapon  System  Acquisition  Team: 

New  Attack  Submarine  Environmental  Management  Team, 
Arlington,  Va. 

Recycling,  Non-Industrial  Installation: 

Naval  Station  San  Diego. 

Story  by  DOD  Public  Affairs 

ATG  Trainer,  0S1  (SW)  Patrick  T.  Therrien  offers  guidance  to  Jeffery  K. 
Foster  during  an  anti-air  warfare  exercise  aboard  USS  Milius  (DDG  69). 

and  white  answer  to  any  ques- 
tion that  may  arise  during  a 
combat  evolution. 

“We’re  a lot  more  hands-on 
now  when  it  comes  to  training 
scenarios.  We  build  our  own 
scenarios,  then  plan  how  we 
will  approach  the  problem.  ATG 
has  helped  us  to  figure  out  if  we 
are  doing  it  properly,”  said  OS1 
Jeffery  K.  Foster,  a watch  center 
supervisor  aboard  USS  Milius 
(DDG  69). 

With  increasing  combat 
technology  and  expanding 
capabilities,  Sailors  need  to  be 
efficient,  proficient  and  able  to 
operate  as  a team  in  order  to 
maintain  their  combat  edge  — 
ATG  is  there  to  make  sure  that 
happens.  “I’m  going  back  to  the 
fleet  someday,  and  when  I get 
there,  I know  the  Sailors 
working  for  me  will  be  as  sharp 
as  they  can  be,”  said  Therrien. 
Story  by  JOl  Rodney  J.  Furry, 
a San  Diego-based 
photojournalist  assigned  to 
All  Hands 

JULY  1998 


Tactical  information 
Coordinator,  0S2  Mike 
Langdaje,  of  Westminster, 
Calif.,  Vnonitors  a radar  screen 
in  the  Combat  Information 
Center  Aftoard  the  guided- 
missile lestroyer  USS 
John  S,  McCain  (DDG  56). 

f'liolo  liy  I'll.'-’  I cl ix  (jar/ a 

USS  Crommelin’s\l\s\\,  Board, 
Search  and  Seizure  (VBSS) 
Team  heads  for  a suspected 
smuggling  vessel. 

The  guided-missile  destroyer 
USS  Carney  (DDG  64)  patrols 
the  waters  of  the  Persian  Gulf 
in  support  of  Operation 
Southern  Watch. 

Photo  By  P H 2 Jaso 

In  the  still  waters  of  the  North  Arabian  Gulf,  a group  of  American 
Sailors  leaves  the  relative  security  of  their  warship  to  board  a 
small  boat  which  will  take  them  to  their  goal.  Several  hundred 
yards  away,  an  aging  cargo  ship  sits  idle  — her  master  paces  the  deck 
awaiting  the  arrival  of  the  boarding  party. 

Since  1990,  scenes  such  as  this  have  played  out 
nearly  1 1,000  times  as  part  of  the  Maritime  Interception  Operations  (MIO) 
instituted  by  the  U.N.  The  Multinational  Interception  Force  (MIF)  has  involved 
more  than  100  ships  from  14  nations  and  has  diverted  637  suspected  sanc- 
tions violators. 

The  MIF  was  created  following  the  Gulf  War  to  ensure  an  undisturbed  flow  of  humanitarian 
goods  to  and  from  Iraq,  while  stopping  illegal  shipments  of  oil  from  Iraqi  ports. 

Today,  the  Navy  maintains  five  MIF  ships  in  the  Gulf.  Together  with  ships  from  the  United 
Kingdom,  Canada,  Belgium,  New  Zealand,  Italy,  the 
Netherlands  and  Australia,  they  patrol  the  waters  of  the 
Arabian  Gulf  to  ensure  the  sanctions  imposed  by  the 
international  community  are  respected  and  obeyed. 

JULY  1998 


(above)  SR  Desby  stands  bridge  lookout  watch 
aboard  the  guided-missile  destroyer 
USS  John  S.  McCain  (DDG  56). 

(right)  0S2  (SW)  Christopher  Pierce  conducts  a 
security  sweep  of  a suspected  smuggling  vessel. 


(above)  A U.S.  Navy  Visit,  Board,  Search  and  Seizure 
(VBSS)  Team,  serving  on  board  the  U.S.  Navy’s 
Ticonderoga-C\ass  Cruiser  USS  Valley  Forge  (CG  50), 
physically  inspects  a merchant  ship  in  support 
of  U.N.  sanctions  enforced  against  Iraq 
in  the  Arabian  Gulf  during  Maritime  Intercept. 

(right)  BM2  Phillip  Arredondo,  USCG,  assists  LTJG 
Richard  Daugherty  in  reviewing  the  passports  of 
the  crew  of  a suspected  smuggling  ship. 

",  V 


(below)  ET2  Richard  McDonnell  of 
Indianapolis,  Ind.,  (right)  receives 
information  from  an  off-going 
watchstander  as  USS  Carney 
(DDG  64)  conducts  Multinational 
Interception  Operations. 

(above)  ST1  Anthony  McCoy  passes 
provisions  over  to  crew  members  from 
USS  Carney  (DDG  64)  preparing  to 

stand  the  next  12-hour  watch  on  an  oil 

tanker  in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 

(above)  BM2  Phillip  Arredondo,  USCG,  jumps  from  the 
RHIB  boat  to  a suspected  smuggling  vessel  during  a 
VBSS  team  boarding. 

* *v  . a?  . 


Craftmasters  bring  Sailors 

By  J01  Rodney  J.  Furry 

and  Marines  to  the  fight 














A Landing  Craft  Air  Cushon  (LCAC) 
hovers  on  station  before  entering  the 
well  deck  of  USS  Fort  Fisher  (LSD  40). 

Navy  Landing  Craft  Air 
Cushon  (LCAC) 

Ramp  Marshall  PC3  Bice  directs  an  LCAC  from  Assault  Craft 
Unit  4 ashore  to  retrieve  another  piece  of  equipment  and 
ferry  it  back  to  USS  Gunston  Hall  (LSD  44). 

JULY  1998 


Photo  by  P H 2 Joseph  G untie?  Ml 


listen  to 
radio  an 

at  40  knots.’ 

of  five,  may 
ity  for  an 


enlisted  Sailor,  but  according  to  Lanear  it’s 
a testament  to  the  skill  of  the  Navy’s  expe- 
rienced boat  drivers. 

QMC  (SW)  Kenneth  B.  Curtiss 
of  Inkster,  Mich.,  completes  a 
pre-flight  inspection  of  his 
LCAC’s  engines. 

Shipboard  preservation  is  just 
another  one  of  those  things 
Midshipman  3rd  Class  Michael 
DiGangi  has  to  learn  on  YP  686. 
BMC  (SW)  Hector  Zayas  shows  him 
where  to  place  the  needle  gun. 

SN  John  L.  Hampton  shows 
Midshipman  3rd  Class 
Machael  Digangi  some  of  the 
finer  points  of  chart  work. 

Craftmasters  use  YPs  to  inject  salt 

into  the  veins  of  Naval  Academy  midshipmen 


What  weighs  172  tons,  is  128  feet  long  and  teaches?  Give  up? 

These  YPs  can 

The  Navy  is  using  the  experience 
of  Craftmasters  to  teach  its  future 
officers  the  basics  of  shiphandling. 

21  Craftmasters  and  21  Yard 
Patrols  routinely  make  the  trip 
across  the  Severn  River  to  teach 
Naval  Academy  midshipmen  how 
to  do  everything  from  relieving  the 
watch  to  cooking  meals  underway. 
31  people,  including  the  crew  of  five 

active-duty  Sailors.  The  midshipmen  normally  get  underway 

for  quick  weekend  trips  up  the  coast,  but,  during  the  summer, 
trips  can  last  two  weeks.  “We  get  underway  and  go  to  New 
York  and  Boston,”  said  Midshipmen  3rd  Class  Mike  J. 
DiGangio,  a Yonkers,  N.Y.,  native.  “We  get  to  feel  what  its  like 
to  take  Navy  showers  and  sleep  in  standard-issue  bunks." 

“Its  not  a six-month  cruise  but  it  gives  them  a taste  of  the 
real  Navy,”  said  Chief  Quarter  Master  (SW)  Eric  W.  Russell, 
craftmaster  of  “Coastal  Explorer”  YP  686.  “Its  my  job  to  bring 
them  the  real  Navy.” 

The  enlisted  crew  instructs  the  midshipmen  in  navigation, 
fire  fighting,  line  handling  and  deck  seamanship  to  name  a fev 

The  U.S.-bound  Marine  Amphibious 
Rediness  Group  (COMPHIBRON  6) 
pulls  into  Naval  Station  Rota,  Spain, 
to  do  the  necessary  washdown  and 
inspection  of  equipment. 

A U.S.  Navy  Landing  Craft  Unit  (LCU) 
embarks  aboard  the  amphibious 
assault  ship  USS  Peleliu  (LHA  5)  with 
heavy  equipment  during  exercise 
Kernel  Blitz  ‘97. 

t’s  the  Navy’s  floating  classroom  and  part  of  the  haze 

Three  of  the  Naval  Academy’s 
12  YPs  cruise  along 
the  Severn  River. 

gray  fleet  of  Yard  Patrol  boats  docked  at  Naval  Station  Annapolis,  Md. 

“They  know  what  I am  telling  them  is  from  real  experience,” 
said  Seaman  John  L.  Hampton,  Jr.,  a deck  seaman  assigned 
to  YP  686.  “Its  not  like  they’re  reading  it  from  a book.  They’re 
getting  it  from  someone  who  does  it  everyday.” 

What  truly  makes  this  enlisted/midshipmen  team  work  is 
the  humble  attitudes  and  professionalism  exemplified  by  the 
craftmasters  themselves. 

“We  all  do  the  best  job  we  can  to  help  those  midshipmen. 
If  we  don’t  do  the  job  right  then  that  individual,  the  Navy  and 
the  country  is  going  to  suffer.  If,  when  all  is  said  and  done,  I 
have  not  imparted  to  these  young  men  and  women  what  the 
Navy  has  taught  me,  then  I haven’t  done  my  job.” 

Story  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen,  a photojoumaJist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

BM1  James  E.  Williams 
after  receiving  Medal  of 
Honor  in  1968. 

By  Patricia  Oladeinde 

BM1  Williams,  the  most  decorated  enlisted  Sailor 
in  the  U.S.  Navy's  history,  recently  sat  down 
for  a candid  conversation  with  All  Hands'  staff 
writer  Patricia  Oladeinde  about  the  Navy,  his  life 
and  one  hot  day  in  Vietnam  in  1966. 

oatswain’s  Mate  1st  Class  James  Elliott 
Williams  never  intended  to  be  a hero  — 
he  just  wanted  to  be  a Sailor. 

“When  I was  16, 1 convinced  the  county 
clerk  to  alter  my  birth  certificate  so  I could 
come  into  the  Navy.  Boy  was  I proud.  I 
thought  there  was  nothing  better  than 
servin’  my  country  and  gettin’  paid  for  it.” 

But  Williams’  first  experience  at  sea 
was  less  than  glorious.  In  fact,  it  was 
downright  boring. 

“The  first  ship  I drew,  I was  the  most 
disappointed  man  in  the  world.  I’d  joined 
the  Navy  to  ride  the  waves  and  see  the 
world  - — and  doggonit,  I wasn’t  moving. 
I’d  got  orders  to  an  LST  that  just  sat 
around  a buoy  in  San  Diego  harbor.” 

But  from  that  experience,  Williams 
learned  a valuable  lesson  about  discipline 
and  leadership. 

“An  old  chief  named  Hasley  told  me, 
‘Son,  you  got  to  learn  to  take  orders,  even 

Williams  at  the  ready. 
This  photo  of  Williams 
was  taken  during  one  of 
his  numerous  patrols  on 
board  the  “ELAINE.” 

He  stands  ready  with 
an  M-60  machine  gun. 

if  you  disagree  with  them.  That’s  the  first 
step  to  being  a good  Sailor  and  a good 
leader.  If  you  can’t  take  orders  now,  you 
certainly  won’t  be  respected  when  you  give 
them  later.’  Well,  I got  the  message. 
Learning  discipline  was  the  springboard 
that  helped  my  Navy  career. 

“From  then  on,  I had  the  sharpest  damn 
knife  and  the  shiniest  shoes  in  the  Navy. 
That’s  what  I was  taught.  That’s  what  I 
believed  in,  being  a good  Sailor. 

“The  proudest  day  of  my  life  had 
nothing  to  do  with  medals,  ribbons  or 
citations.  It  was  when  they  made  me  a 
patrol  officer.  That  position  was  held  only 
by  chiefs  and  officers.  It  showed  the  trust 
the  Navy  had  placed  in  me. 

“I  always  wanted  the  opportunity  to 
show  what  I could  do.  This  Vietnam 
thing  was  it  for  me.  After  20-something 
years,  the  Navy  gave  me  the  chance  to 
do  my  job.” 

On  his  first  day 
out,  Williams 
didn’t  dissappoint. 

“October  31, 

1966,  was  sup- 
posed to  be  a rest- 
ful day  in  the 
steamy,  heartland 
of  the  Viet  Cong. 

But  it’s  one  of 
those  times  I 
won’t  never  forget, 
no  matter  how 
hard  I try.  I just  can’t. 

“We  were  on  a day  patrol,  kind  of  like 
the  ‘relax  and  recreation’  patrol  — nothin’ 
too  heavy.  We  were  only  gonna  check  a 
few  boats  coming  down  the  Mekong  River 
for  contraband. 

“We  were  just  moseying  on  down  the 
river  minding  our  own  business  when  our 
forward  gunner,  Rubin  G.  Binder,  out  of 
Blackbeach,  N.Y.,  hollered  to  the  crew, 

"i  had  the  sharpest 
damn  knife  and 
the  shiniest  shoes 
in  the  Navy.  That's 
what  I was  taught. 
That's  what  I 
believed  in,  being 
a good  Sailor." 

— BM1  James  Williams 


‘there’s  two  fast-speed  boats  crossing 
ahead  of  us.’ 

“Now  we  had  learned  if  you  saw  one  of 
these  sampans,  it  was  something.  It  usually 
meant  there  was  some  high-ranking  North 
Vietnamese  officer  on  board  — and  that 
meant  trouble;  as  soon  as  the  Viet  Cong 
spotted  us,  they  started  firing.” 

The  two  boats  split,  one  headed  for  the 
north  bank,  the  other  went  east.  Williams 
and  his  crew  broke  off  with  the  north- 
bound boat  and  sunk  it  before  it  could 
reach  the  river’s  edge. 

The  thirty-six-year-old  Williams,  affec- 
tionately called  “Old  Man”  by  his  crew  of 
mostly  19-  and  20-year  olds,  then  turned 
for  the  second  boat.  Just  as  he  was  about 

to  open  fire,  the  sampan  made  a sharp 
turn  into  an  eight-foot-wide  canal  in  front 
of  a rice  paddy.  Williams  and  his  crew  of 
Patrol  River  Boat  (PBR)  105  couldn’t 

“I  looked  at  the  map  and  saw  that  I 
could  go  to  the  right  maybe  for  a third  of 
a mile  and  come  back  to  where  he  would 
have  to  come  out.  We  wanted  to  get  them 
real  bad.  I went  around  that  corner  at  max 
speed  to  cut  him  off — and,  lo  and 
behold,  I looked  up  and  didn’t  see  nothing 
but  boats  and  people  and  more  boats  and 
more  people.” 

Williams  had  unwittingly  stumbled 
into  a first  staging  area  and  there  was  no 
way  out  but  straight  ahead.  With  bullets 

flying  and  guns  blazing,  Williams 
slammed  the  throttle  down  and  pulled 
the  wheel  hard  left,  creating  a large  wake 
which  slapped  against  the  hull  of  the 
sampan  and  disrupted  the  enemy’s  aim. 
Williams  then  took  PBR  105  at  full  speed 
through  the  middle  of  the  formation, 
causing  mass  confusion. 

“Fire  came  from  all  directions.  But  their 
aim  was  off  that  day  ‘cause  they  was 
shootin’  and  hittin’  more  of  each  other 
than  we  was.” 

With  some  crafty  boat  handling, 
Williams  zigzagged  his  way  through  the 
staging  area  while  his  crew  returned  the 
enemy’s  fire.  But,  the  cliche,  “out  of  the 
frying  pan  and  into  the  fire,”  was  about  to 
become  much  more  real  for  Williams 
and  his  crew. 

“We  get  though  this  area  and  I’m  trying 
to  high-tail  it  back.  We  got  around  the 
next  corner  and  by  God!  there’s  another 
staging  area.  We  had  to  just  fight.  There 



When  it  was  all 
over,  Williams, 
with  just  two 
^ boats  and  10  men, 
had  sunk  65 
enemy  boats  and 
eliminated  1,200 
enemy  troops. 

was  no  way  out.  I twisted,  crisscrossed  and 
turned  that  PBR.  I did  whatever  I could  to 
get  them  off  our  backs.” 

The  fight  lasted  for  three  and  a half 
hours.  When  it  was  all  over,  Williams, 
with  just  two  boats  and  10  men,  had 

admonish  anyone  who  wants  to  talk 
about  his  awards. 

“You  gotta  stop  and  think  about  your 
shipmates.  That’s  what  makes  you  a great 
person  and  a great  leader  — taking  care 
of  each  other.  You’ve  got  to  think  — 

Listed  below  are 
military  decorations 
receiuedby  BN1 
James  E.  Hams 
during  his  Uietnam 
Seruice.  He  uias 
made  an  honorary 
chief  in  1975. 

sunk  65  enemy  boats  and  eliminated 
1,200  enemy  troops. 

“It’s  hard  to  believe  the  first  day  we  were 
out,  we  got  blasted  to  hell  and  back  and 
nobody  got  killed.” 

For  his  heroic  actions  that  day, 

Williams  was  awarded  the  Congressional 
Medal  of  Honor.  But  he  is  quick  to 

team.  It  takes  a team  to  win  any  battle, 
not  an  individual.” 

But  on  one  particular  day  in  1966,  this 
individual  made  the  team  unbeatable. 

Oladeinde  is  a staff  writer  for  All  Hands. 
Photos  courtesy  of  BM1  Williams. 

Congressional  Medal  of  Honor 
Navy  Cross 

Silver  Star  (two  awards) 

Navy  and  Marine  Corps  Medal  (two  awards) 
Bronze  Star  (three  awards) 

Purple  Heart  (three  awards) 

Navy  Commendation  Medal  with  Combat 
Distinguishing  Device 

Presidential  Unit  Citation  (two  awards) 

"During  the  monsoon  season,  the  temperatures  were 
unbearable.  The  humidity  was  so  high  our  clothes  literally 
started  rotting.  When  I came  home,  my  total  seabag  was 
ruined.  When  I went  up  to  receive  the  Medal  of  Honor  from 
President  Johnson,  the  Navy  had  to  buy  me  a white  uniform. 

I didn't  have  one."  — BM1  James  Williams. 

JULY  1998 

Good  Conduct  Medal  (five  awards) 

National  Defense  Service  Medal  (one  star) 
Korean  Service  Medal  (two  stars) 

Vietnam  Service  Medal  (one  star) 

Republic  of  Korea  Presidential  Unit  Citation 
Vietnam  Cross  of  Gallantry  with  gold  star 
Vietnam  Cross  of  Gallantry  with  palm 
United  Nations  Service  Medal 
Republic  of  Vietnam  Campaign  Medal 

By  J01  Ron  Schafer 



The  Navy’s  ability  to  land  Marines  ashor< 

Imagine  working  in  a cave  — it’s  dark,  it’s  damp, 

the  noise  is  almost  deafening  as  every  sound 

reverberates  against  the  massive  steel  walls,  echoing 

in  an  endless  pattern  of  mayhem.  Now  flood  that 

cave,  crank  the  winds  up  to  more  than  200  mph,  add 

nywhere  in  the  world  begins  in  the  well  deck. 

an  unhealthy  dose  of  diesel  exhaust  and  you  are  on 
your  way  to  understanding  what  it’s  like  to  live  and 

work  in  the  well  deck  of  an  amphib. 

These  cavernous  spaces  found  on  most  large-deck  amphibs  are  as  vital  to 
landing  operations  as  a carrier’s  flight  deck  is  to  air  strikes.  It  is  here  that 
landing  craft  are  loaded  with  vehicles,  equipment  and  troops  before  begin- 
ning their  hazardous  journey  towards  the  beach.  Sailors  who  work  the  well 
deck  and  brave  its  less-than-glamorous  conditions  display  an  enthusiasm 
and  versatility  that  set  apart  today’s  “Gator”  Navy. 

“Well  deck  operations  are  a combination  of  all  the  training  a boatswain’s  mate 
receives,”  said  LT  Jon  Lux,  USS  Essex’s  (LHD  2)  first  lieutenant.  “We’re  doing  boat  ops, 
loading  cargo,  loading  ammo  and  refueling  during  each  evolution.  We’re  the  beginning 
of  an  amphibious  assault.  If  we  don’t  get  the  LCAC’s  (landing  craft  air  cushion)  out,  it 
doesn’t  go  off.” 

Depending  on  the  ship  type,  well  decks  may  accommodate  LCACs,  LCUs  (landing 
craft  utility),  LCMs  (landing  craft  mechanized)  or  a number  of  smaller  amphibious 
vehicles.  Aboard  Essex,  the  well  deck  measures  430  feet  long  and  50  feet  wide.  When 
empty,  it  may  appear  huge.  But  place  three  LCACs  (each  measuring  88  feet  by  47  feet) 
into  it  and  suddenly  the  space  resembles  the  Washington,  D.C.,  beltway  on  the  4th  of 
July  weekend. 

JULY  1998 



They're  working  under  adverse  conditions  - 

high  winds,  salt  spray 

BM2  James  Moody 
directs  an  LCAC  from 
ACU-5  (Det.  Echo)  into 
Essex1  s well  deck. 

According  to  Boatswain’s  Mate  2nd 
Class  (SW/CC)  Harry  Hill,  a native  of 
Springfield,  Mass.,  “There’s  only  a few 
feet  on  either  side  to  maneuver  the 
landing  craft,  so  there’s  not  much  room 
for  error.” 

Errors  could  be  costly  in  terms  of 
dollars,  lives  and  mission  success. 

“You’ve  got  an  E-4  down  there 
bringing  in  a multi-million  dollar 
LCAC,”  Lux  said.  “They’re  directly 
responsible  for  it.  They’re  working  under 
adverse  conditions  — high  winds,  salt 
spray  and  loud  noise.  They  really  have 
to  stay  on  their  toes  and  pay  attention 
to  detail.” 

During  operations  involving  LCUs, 
LCMs  and  other  amphibious  vehicles, 
the  well  deck  is  “flooded”  with  sea  water, 
transforming  a once-dry  work  area  into 
an  indoor  lake  of  pre-determined  depth. 
Once  afloat,  the  loaded  landing  craft 
depart  through  the  stern  gate.  LCACs, 
because  they  float  on  air  rather  than 
water,  do  not  need  the  decks  flooded  to 
operate.  Instead,  they  are  preloaded  and, 
once  the  stern  gate  has  been  lowered, 
accelerate  their  powerful  engines  as  they 

LT  Jon  Lux,  Essex’s  first 
lieutenant,  stays  in 
constant  communication 
with  LCAC  craft  masters  as 
they  enter  the  well  deck. 

depart  the  ship. 

“When  the  last  LCAC  takes  off,”  Hill 

said,  “it’s  60  feet  away.  The  jet  blast  feels 

like  fire.  It’s  definitely  dangerous.” 

A L L 



oud  noise.  They  really  have  to 

stay  on  theiWoes  and  pay  attention  to  detail 

' 'Cik' 

Ron  Seckora,  a combat  cargo  director, 
es  a Marine  vehicle  driver  into  position  in 
^sseY’S.well  deck. 



The  well  decks  of  the  U.S.  Navy’s  amphibious  ships 


a variety  of  landing  craft 

LCAC  (landing  craft,  air  cushion):  87’1 1 ” long/47’  wide;  displaces  87.2  tons 

(no  load)  to  1 82  tons  (full  load);  4 gas  turbines  (2  for  propulsion/2  for  lift) 
generate  16,000  hp. 

LCU  (landing  craft,  utility):  1 34’9”  long/29’  wide;  displaces  200  tons  (no  load) 
to  437  tons  (full  load);  4 diesel  engines/twin  shaft  generate  approximately 
680  hp. 

LCM  (landing  craft,  mechanized)  8:  73’7”  long/21  feet  wide;  displaces 
1 05  tons  (full  load);  2 diesel  engines/twin  shaft  generate  680  hp. 

LCM  (landing  craft,  mechanized)  6:  56’2”  long/1 4 feet  wide;  displaces  64  tons 
(full  load);  2 diesel  engines/twin  shaft  generate  460  hp. 

JULY  1998 


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It  takes  precise  coordination  with  the  bridge  and  debark  control  to 

move  an  LCAC  in  and  out  of  the  well  deck 

As  LCACs  take  over  the  role  as 
primary  amphibious  landing  craft,  the 
need  for  “wet  well”  operation  is  dimin- 
ishing. However,  the  need  for  safety  and 
expert  skill  among  the  boatswain's  mates, 
damage  controlmen,  hull  technicians, 
electricians  and  officers  remains. 

“It  takes  precise  coordination  with  the 
bridge  and  debark  control  to  move  an 
LCAC  in  and  out  of  the  well  deck,”  said 
LT  Bill  Marker,  Essex’s  assistant  1st  lieu- 
tenant. “It’s  a lot  like  flight  ops,  as  far  as 
the  coordination  and  teamwork 

These  “caves,”  and  the  men  and 
women  who  operate  them,  give  the  Navy 
the  unique  ability  to  land  Marines,  tanks, 
* guns  and  equipment  on  almost  any  coast 

in  the  world,  projecting  power  and  deliv- 
ering one  hell  of  a punch. 

This  story  was  compiled  by  JOl  Ron 
Schafer,  a Norfolk-based  staff  writer  for 
All  Hands,  and  the  public  affairs  staff, 
USS  Essex  (LHD  2). 




New  Age 

The  first  ship  of  the  new  LPD  1 7 class  has  been  christened  San  Antonio . 
She  will  take  the  “Gator”  Navy  into  the  21st  century. 

Scheduled  to  join  the  fleet  in  2002,  LPD  17  will  combine  state-of-the-art  construction  and  amphibious 
capabilities  with  vertical  missile-launch  systems  and  developing  network  technologies. 

The  ship’s  three  vehicle 
decks  will  have  25,000 
square  feet  to  carry  tanks, 
humvees  and  artillery. 

LPD  17  will  also  be 
capable  of  carrying 
multiple  CH-46  Sea  Knight 
and  CH-53  Sea  Stallion 
helicopters  as  well  as  the 
new  MV-22  Osprey 
tilt-rotor  aircraft. 

Unlike  conventional  landing 
craft,  LCACs  do  not  require 
“flooding”  of  the  well  deck 
for  launch.  The  well  deck 
crew  needs  only  to  drop 
the  stern  gate  for  troops  and 
equipment  to  be  on  their  way. 




f \ H 

* i N ■ 

From  the  well  deck  control  booth, 
Sailors  will  coordinate  loading, 
launch  and  recovery  operations. 

The  ship’s  well  deck  will  be  able 
to  accommodate  two  LCACs.  These 
versatile  hovercraft  weigh  87  tons, 
are  capable  of  reaching  speeds  in 
excess  of  40  knots  and  can  deliver 
loads  approaching  60  tons. 

Graphics  courtesy  of  Naval  Sea  Systems  Command 

(Background)  TMSN  Daniel  D. 
Carter,  from  Washington  D.C., 
adjusts  the  air  pressure 
valve  of  the  ship’s  external 
torpedo  launcher. 

IC3  Melanie  Hawley,  from 
Hammond,  Ind.,  inspects  the 
setting  of  the  WSN5  nautical 
navigation  system  found  on 
USS  McFaul  (DDG  74). 

5 H 1 1 

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FG3  Nolan  Pitts  (left)  and  FC3 
Troy  Kelley  break  down  and 
clean  20mm  barrels  of  McFauF s 
aft  Phalanx  Close-in  Weapons 
System  (CIWS).  The  two  fire 
^Mrolmen  spent  a total  of  two 
ydars  in  Navy  schools  before 
| qualifying  to  operate,  fix  and 
I maintain  the  fast-reaction, 
rapid-fire  gun  system. 

Phalanx  is  d 

fee  ; 

anti-ship  i 

(led  to  engage 
:e  missies  and 

fixed-wing  aircraft  at  short 
range  and  can  fire  up  to  4,500 
rounds  per  minute. 

ou  name  it,  this  warship’s  got  it.  From 
bow  to  stern,  crow’s  nest  to  engine  room, 
the  fleet’s  newest  guided- missile  destroyer, 

USS  McFaul  (DDG  74),  is  equipped  with 
some  of  the  most  sophisticated  weaponry 
the  world  has  ever  seen. 

But  state-of-the-art  ships  are  worthless 
without  high-tech  Sailors  to  operate  and 
maintain  them.  And,  as  technology  gets 
more  complex,  Sailors  must  keep  pace  to 
maintain  their  warfighting  edge. 

“Every  time  a new  ship  is  built,  more 
and  more  technology  is  incorporated,”  said 
Chief  Operations  Specialist  (SW/AW)  Mark  Sansing.  “The 
Sailors  reporting  aboard  this  ship  are  coming  with  a new  set  of 
skills  to  match  that  technology.” 

Learning  to  operate  and  maintain  systems  which  incorporate 
cutting  edge  technology  isn’t  something  McFauTs  crew 
members  acquired  overnight.  Most  of  McFaul’s  Sailors  studied 
anywhere  from  12  to  24  months  in  Navy  schools  before 
reporting  on  board. 

For  example,  Fire  Controlman  3rd  Class  Troy  Kelly  spent  two 
years  in  Navy  schools  before  being  hand-picked  to  work  on 
McFaul’s  Phalanx  Close-In  Weapons  System  (CIWS).  Now,  the 


A standard  surface-to-air  missle  leaves  the  forward 
Vertical  Launching  System  (VLS)  of  the  Aegis  guided- 
missle  destroyer  USS  McFaul  (DDG  74).  The  missile 
intercepted  a down-range  unmanned  drone  during 
November  1997  predelivery  sea  trials  in  the  Gulf  of  Mexico. 

Photo  by  PHAN  Lena  Gonzalez 

EW3  Christopher  Mosley  from  Palm  Harbour,  Fla.,  detects  radio  frequencies 
from  other  ships  with  the  slick  32  radar.  By  using  this  system,  Mosley  can 
tell  what  type  of  radar  other  ships  use  as  well  as  determine  potential 
threats  to  USS  McFaul. 

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22-year-old  Sailor  is  responsible  for 
operating,  fixing  and  maintaining 
the  aft  CIWS. 

“It  takes  a trustworthy  person  to 
do  what  I do,”  said  the  San 
Bernadino,  Calif.,  native.  “I  work  on 
a very  deadly  weapon.” 

Technological  improvements  on 
the  McFaul  have  improved  mission 
effectiveness  by  a large  margin.  But 
that  technology  isn’t  limited  to 
high-profile  weapons  systems. 
Sometimes  it  is  the  more  mundane 
advancements  that  make  the  most 
difference.  For  example,  in  each  of 
the  ship’s  engine  rooms  a central 
computerized  console  called  the 
Ship  Control  Unit  (SCU)  has  been 
designed  and  installed  to  remotely 
monitor  each  engineering  space, 
giving  snipes  a breakdown  of  the 
entire  system.  If  a piece  of  equip- 
ment breaks  down,  the  SCU  tells 
them  the  source  of  the  problem. 

“The  equipment  is  doing  more 
of  the  work,  making  it  easier  for  us 
to  do  the  job  and  concentrate  on 
other  areas,”  said  Gas  Turbine 
System  (Electrician)  Kevin  Garner 
of  Town  Creek,  Ala.  “It  also  gives 
supervisors  a lot  more  time  to  sit 

SN  Hazel  Shillingford,  a 
20-year-old  Sailor  from 
New  York,  N.Y.,  looks  for 
surface  and  air  contacts  as 
the  aft  lookout. 

TM1  Kathleen  Walsh  prepares  the  torpedo 
H.P.  air  flask  for  a simulated  launching. 

down  with  their  junior  people  and  explain  how 
the  overall  system  works  — not  just  one  piece  of 

More  time  for  training  means  Sailors  can  focus  on 
working  smarter,  not  harder. 

Fire  Controlmen  Chief  Scott  Chism,  the  ship’s 
combat  systems  maintenance  manager,  said  that 
during  his  14  years  in  the  Navy,  maintaining  ship- 
board equipment  has  become  less  labor-intensive. 

“It  takes  a lot  of  brain  power  to  fix  this  equip- 
ment,” explained  the  New  York,  N.Y.,  native.  “There’s  less  turning 
of  wrenches  and  screwdrivers  and  more  thinking  about  where 
the  problems  are.” 

Navy  technology  is  moving  full-speed  ahead  and  it  is  rapidly 
changing  the  way  we  do  business.  At  the  helm  of  this  awesome 
technology  are  highly-trained  Sailors  like  the  men  and  women 
stationed  aboard  USS  McFaul.  They  are  ready  to  take  the  Navy 
into  the  21st  century  and  beyond. 

Thompson  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

JULY  1998 

DDG  74  is  named  in  honor 
of  Chief  Engineman  Donald  L. 
McFaul  (1957-1989),  a Navy  SEAL 

killed  in  action  during  the  United  States’ 
invasion  of  Panama. 

According  to  his  Navy  Cross  citation 
(awarded  posthumously),  McFaul  was  serving 
as  platoon  chief  of  SEAL  Team  4 at  Paitilla 
Airfield,  Republic  of  Panama,  during  Operation 
Just  Cause  when,  in  the  absence  of  effective 
cover  fire  and  with  disregard  for  his  own 
personal  safety,  he  entered  the  “kill  zone”  to 
rescue  his  teammates. 

As  he  attempted  to  pull  a seriously  wounded 
comrade  to  safety,  McFaul  was  raked  by  enemy 
automatic  weapons  fire.  Succumbing  to  his 
mortal  wounds,  McFaul  laid  himself  across  his 
teammate,  protecting  him  from  enemy  fire. 

“ENC  McFaul  demonstrated  the  highest 
possible  sacrifice  and  valor.  His  extraordinarily 
heroic  actions,  in  total  disregard  for  his 
personal  safety,  saved  the  life  of  his  comrade 
and  set  the  highest  possible  standard  for  lead- 
ership in  combat.” 


Photo  by  PH2  Felix  Garza 

By  JOI  Ron  Schafer 

The  statistics  are  hard  to  ignore.  An  estimated  12.8  million 
Americans  use  illegal  drugs  each  month.  The  annual  price  in 
social,  health  and  criminal  costs  runs  approximately  $67  billion. 
To  break  that  down  even  further,  substance  abuse  in  the  United 
States  costs  every  man,  woman  and  child  nearly  $1,000  a year, 

Something  has  got  to  give. 



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(Above)  Sailors  from  the  guided-missile  destroyer  USS  Callaghan  (DDG  994)  help 
offload  bails  of  cocaine  at  Naval  Station  San  Diego.  During  a recent  counter-drug 
deployment  to  the  Caribbean  and  Eastern  Pacific,  Callaghan  seized  more  than  3.5  metric 
tons  of  cocaine.  Street  value  of  the  cocaine  was  estimated  at  more  than  $165  million. 

It  was  the  largest  seizure  of  illegal  narcotics  by  a Navy  ship  in  1997. 

A merchant  ship  in  the  Caribbean  moments 
before  being  halted  by  the  U.S.  Coast  Guard. 

n the  warm  waters  of  the  Eastern 
Pacific  and  the  Caribbean, 
something  is. 

Established  in  September  1995,  the 
Western  Hemisphere  Group  (WESTHEM 
GRU)  is  responsible  for  naval  operations 
in  the  region.  WESTHEMGRU  was 
created  with  two  primary  objectives. 

First,  it  allowed  homeports  to  be  adjusted 
so  that  ships  would  be  closer  to  deploy- 
ment patterns.  This  reduced  fuel  costs, 
underway  time  and  response  time  for 
contingency  situations. 

Second,  it  reduced  instability  among 
battle  group  deployers  within  the  Atlantic 
Fleet  by  concentrating  ships  on  counter- 
drug operations  and  UNITAS.  Through 
integration  with  the  Joint  Interagency  Task 
Force  (JLATF)  East  at  Naval  Air  Station, 

Key  West,  Fla.,  and  the  U.S.  Coast  Guard, 
the  1 5 ships  under  its  command  make 
WESTHEMGRU  the  most  significant  force 
in  counter-drug  operations  in  the  area. 

“The  western  hemisphere  is  in  one  of 
the  world’s  most  democratic  and  econom- 
ically dynamic  regions,”  said  RADM  James 



B.  Ferguson,  commander,  WESTHEM- 
GRU.  “But  the  potential  for  instability  is 
always  there.  Here  is  where  we  must  focus 
on  different  operations  like  drug  interdic- 
tion, migration,  human  rights  and 
humanitarian  assistance.” 

Using  intelligence  gathering  assets  on 
land,  sea  and  in  the  air,  JLATF  East  con- 
ducts detection  and  monitoring  efforts  in 
the  region.  When  a drug  smuggling  event 
is  detected,  the  case  is  passed  on  to  law 
enforcement  agents  who  are  then  able  to 
interdict  the  drugs  and  arrest  the  smug- 
glers. In  most  cases,  those  agents  operate 
onboard  WESTHEMGRU  vessels  and 
conduct  boarding  and  seizures  directly 
from  U.S.  Navy  ships. 

The  boarding  of  a merchant  vessel  is  a 
highly-orchestrated  and  specific  proce- 
dure. After  being  directed  to  intercept,  a 
U.S.  Coast  Guard  Law  Enforcement 
Detachment  (LEDET)  will  conduct  right  - 
of-approach  and  pre-boarding  question- 
ing via  radio  with  the  captain  of  the  sus- 
pect vessel  to  determine  legal  guidelines 
for  the  boarding  as  well  as  to  ensure  the 
safety  of  the  boarding  party. 

“We’ll  give  them  instructions  on  what  to 
do  with  their  crew.  We  will  have  them  all 
muster  in  one  location,  usually  on  the 
exterior  of  the  ship  so  we  can  see  them  as 
we  come  aboard,”  explained  Quartermaster 
1st  Class  Keith  A.  Robbers,  assistant  offi- 
cer-in-charge of  USG  Leeds  5 Delta,  from 
aboard  USS  Ticonderoga  (CG  47). 

At  that  point,  the  boarding  officer  will 
check  cargo  manifests  and  other  docu- 
mentation as  the  sweep  team  begins  a 
systematic  search  of  the  ship  looking  for 
indicators  of  drug  trade  or  traffic. 

“ [We  look  for]  an  old  boat  with  new 
body  work,  slide  marks,  maybe  a smell, 
things  of  that  nature,”  said  Boatswain’s 
Mate  2nd  Class  Michael  A.  Ford,  opera- 
tions petty  officer,  USG  Leeds  5 Delta.  “We 

have  testing  gear  now  where  we  can  wipe  a 
certain  area  with  a cloth  and  have  it  tested 
to  let  us  know  if  there  are  drugs  in  that 

With  boarding  performed  on  a routine 
basis,  intelligence  gathering  is  a constant 
priority  and,  according  to  Ford,  crucial  to 
counter-drug  patrols. 

“Every  vessel  we  come  across,  we  build 
up  a data  base  of  information  on  them. 
When  we  return  to  our  unit,  we  send  that 
information  out  so  it  gets  distributed 
throughout  the  Coast  Guard  and  through- 
out the  intelligence  network,”  Ford  said. 

That  intelligence  network,  as  well  as  a 
physical  fleet  presence,  help  create  a 
deterrent  that  is  key  to  the  entire  counter- 
drug philosophy.  That’s  not  to  say  that 
WESTHEMGRU  ships  don’t  ever  get 
the  bad  guys. 

In  1996,  WESTHEMGRU  ships  partici- 
pated in  busts  resulting  in  the  seizure  of 
1 1.7  metric  tons  of  cocaine  at  an  esti- 
mated value  of  $199.1  million.  One  of 
those  busts,  by  USS  Ticonderoga  (CG  47), 
netted  more  than  half  of  that  total  making 
it  the  second  largest  maritime  seizure  in 
U.S.  history. 

Those  results  are  not  lost  on  Ticonderoga 
Sailors,  many  of  whom  feel  they  have  a 
personal  stake  in  their  mission. 

Operations  Specialist  2nd  Class  (SW) 
Paul  F.  Casteneda,  a counter-drug  air  coor- 
dinator aboard  Ticonderoga  is  responsible 
for  keeping  track  of  the  air  assets  gather- 
ing intelligence  in  the  region.  A native  of 
Espanola,  N.M,  he  said  that  being  involved 
in  counter-drug  operations  really  hits 
home  as  a parent. 

“I’ve  got  three  children  myself  so  that 
helps  keep  me  going  out  here  knowing 
that  everything  I keep  out  of  our  country 
is  something  that  my  kids  or  my  family 
won’t  have  to  deal  with.” 

“Drugs  were  a big  deal  where  I grew 
up,”  said  Mess  Specialist  3rd  Class  Jose  M. 
Huerta,  who  grew  up  in  San  Antonio, 
Texas.  “Being  out  here  makes  you  feel 
better.  It’s  making  the  streets  safer,  not  just 
in  my  area  but  all  over.  It  bothers  me 
because  I have  a daughter.  Every  time  we 
make  a bust,  it  makes  me  think  that 
maybe  she’ll  be  growing  up  in  better  con- 
ditions than  I did.” 

Schafer  is  a Norfolk-based  photojournalist  for 
All  Hands. 

Top  10  Cocaine  Seizures 

Date  Vessel  Pounds 

1.  07/27/95  Nataly  I 24,325 

2.  11/20/93  OsolV  14,971 

3.  10/15/96  DonCelso  14,960 

4.  10/03/93  Daniel  Torres  13,472 

5.  10/01/96  Limerick  12,994 

6.  10/02/89  ZedomSea  12,207 

7.  05/11/93  Sea  Chariot  11,233 

8.  07/21/91  Hunter  10,771 

9.  01/06/92  Harbour  9,634 

10.09/27/97  Sea  Ranger  8,500* 

LEDET/U.S.  Navy 

LEDET/U.S.  Navy 
LEDET/  Ticonderoga 
CGC  Morganthau 
CGC  Seneca 
CGC  Cushing 
LEDET/U.S.  Navy 
CGC  Adak 
CGC  Campbell 
LEDET  I Callaghan 

* Estimated  Street  Value  $165  million 

JULY  1998 


By  J02  Jeremy  A 

e n 

EMFN  Augustus 
Davies  performs 
duties  as  sound 
security  watch 
aboard  USS 
Avenger  (MCM-1). 


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Mi,  V 


In  the  early  1980’s,  after  the  USS  Tripoli  (LPH  10)  and  USS  Samuel  B.  Roberts  (FFG  58)  both  hit 
mines  in  the  Arabian  Gulf,  the  Navy  restructured  its  mine  countermeasures  (MCM)  force  around 
two  new  classes  of  ships,  the  “mine-countermeasure”  Avenger  (MCM  1)  class  and 
“mine-hunter”  Osprey  (MHC)  class.  Both  classes  were  designed  as  mine  hunter-killers  capable 
of  finding,  classifying  and  destroying  moored  and  bottom  mines. 

USS  Inchon  (LPH  2)  was  converted  to 
a mine  countermeasures  ship 
(MCS  12)  in  1994  to  act  as  a mother- 
ship  for  the  mine-hunting  fleet. 

“The  ships  are  made  of  wooden  hull 
covered  in  fiberglass  to  maintain  a very 
low  magnetic  signature,”  explained 
Aviation  Boatswain  Mate  (Fuels)  3rd 
Class  Thomas  VanZante,  currently 
onboard  USS  Ardent  (MCM  12).  “Mines 
that  are  attracted  to  metallic  objects 
won’t  be  activated  by  this  ship.” 

Minesweepers  may  not  have  the  most 
glamorous  job  in  the  Navy,  but  they  are 
nonetheless  essential.  Without 
minesweepers,  amphibious  operations 
never  hit  the  beach.  “It  makes  me  feel 
proud  to  know  that  what  I do  has  direct 
impact  on  every  other  ship  in  the  fleet,” 
said  VanZante,  a Central  City,  Iowa, 
native.  “All  the  amphibious  forces 
depend  on  us  to  clear  a path  for  them  so 
they  can  do  their  job.” 

“We  love  going  first,”  said 
Storekeeper  3rd  Class  Andrew  D.  Todd, 

of  Lancaster,  Ohio.  “Getting  everything 
cleared  out  of  the  way  makes  me  feel 
good.  Without  minemen,  the  fleet 
wouldn’t  be  able  to  go  safely  through 
harbors  or  waterways.” 

In  order  to  do  their  jobs  right  these 
ships  rely  on  sonar  and  video  systems, 
cable  cutters  and  a remote-controlled 
mine  detonating  device. 

“Sometimes  we  fly  the  little  remote- 
controlled  robotic  submarine  down  to 
plant  a explosive  charge  on  the  mine  and 
blow  it  up,”  said  Mineman  Senior  Chief 
(SW)  Richard  E.  Bell,  an  instructor  at 
the  Mine  Warfare  Training  Center, 
Ingleside,  Texas.  “It  basically  is  a very 
large  version  of  what  you  saw  in  the 
movie  Titanic.  It  has  a camera,  an 
umbilical  cord  and  cutter  arms.” 

Mine  countermeasure  ships  are  also 
capable  of  conventional  sweeping 


The  USS  Ardent  (MCM  12)  can  use  many 
tools  to  detect  mines.  Here,  a mine  neutralization 
vehicle  is  lowered  into  the  water  to  conduct 
mine-hunting  drills  in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 

measures.  “The  MCM  is  224  feet  long 
and  has  the  ability  to  pull  mechanical, 
magnetic  or  acoustic  sweep  gear  behind 
her,”  said  Bell.  “The  MHC  is  188  feet 
long  and  only  hunts  for  mines.” 

The  Navy  converted  the  amphibious 
assault  ship  USS  Inchon  (LPH  2)  to  a 
mine  countermeasure  ship  (MCS  12)  in 
1994  to  act  as  a “mother  ship”  for  the 
mine-hunting  fleet. 

Mines  are  a relatively  cheap  way  for 
third-world  countries  to  inflict  signifi- 
cant damage  to  enemy  forces.  “Terrorist 
countries  can  buy  a mine  for  a couple 
hundred  dollars  and  drop  it  out  of  a 
plane  for  relatively  nothing,”  explained 
VanZante,  “So  until  there  is  world  unity, 
we  will  always  have  a need  for  mine 

Avenger  Class  Ships 

USS  Avenger  (MCM  1 ) 

USS  Defender  (MCM  2) 

USS  Sentry  (MCM  3) 

USS  Champion  (MCM  4) 

USS  Guardian  (MCM  5) 

USS  Devastator  (MCM  6) 

USS  Patriot  (MCM  7) 

USS  Scout  (MCM  8) 

USS  Pioneer  (MCM  9) 

USS  Warrior  (MCM  10) 

USS  Gladiator  (MCM  11) 

USS  Ardent  (MCM  1 2) 

USS  Dextrous  (MCM  13) 

USS  Chief  (MCM  14) 

Osprey  class  Ships 

USS  Osprey  (MHC  51) 

USS  Heron  (MHC  52) 

USS  Pelican  (MHC  53) 

USS  Robin  (MHC  54) 

USS  Oriole  (MHC  55) 

USS  Kingfisher  (MHC  56) 

USS  Cormorant  (MHC  57) 

USS  Black  Hawk  (MHC  58) 

USS  Falcon  (MHC  59) 

USS  Cardinal  (MHC  60) 

Under  Construction 
Raven  (MHC  61) 

Shrike  (MHC  62) 

Crew:  5 officers,  46  enlisted 
Armament:  Mine  neutralization  system, 
two  .50  caliber  machine  guns,  and  other 
mine  countermeasures  systems 

Crew:  8 officers,  76  enlisted 
Armament:  Mine  neutralization  system, 
two  .50  caliber  machine  guns 

Allen  is  a journalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

Story  and  photos  by  J02  Cathy  Thomas 

Even  before  Chief  of  Naval  Operations  ADM  Jay  L.  Johnson  made  warfare 
qualifications  mandatory  for  advancement  to  ranks  E-6  and  above,  Senior 
Chief  Gas  Turbine  Systems  Technician  (SW)  Roger  McCormack  had 
already  made  it  a priority  on  his  ship,  USS  Arleigh  Burke  (DDG  51). 

While  on  a 1995  Mediterranean 
deployment,  McCormack,  a Dumont,  N.J., 
native,  looked  hard  at  his  ship’s  Enlisted 
Surface  Warfare  Qualification  (ESWS) 
program  and  realized  it  could  be  improved. 
His  first  step  was  to  take  the  ESWS  ques- 
tion handbook  and  break  it  down  by 
subject  matter.  From  there,  McCormack 

found  his  ship’s  experts  in  each  area  and 
had  them  put  together  a 280-page  answer 
book  that  would  correspond  directly  with 
the  existing  question  book. 

“The  study  guide  has  answers  for  each 
question,  so  the  ESWS  candidates  have  all 
of  the  answers  right  at  their  fingertips,” 
McCormack  said.  The  book  is  checked 
out,  much  like  a library  book,  and  then 

returned  once  the  candidate  has  become 
ESWS  qualified. 

McCormack’s  next  step  was  to  present 
the  ESWS  information  in  a way  the 
average  Sailor  would  not  only  understand, 
but  enjoy.  “I’ll  do  classroom  instruction 
one  day,  and  the  following  day  I’ll  do  a 
walk  through  on  the  area  we  talked  about 
the  day  before,”  McCormack  said.  “You 

learn  more  when  you  combine  classroom 
lecture  with  hands-on  instruction.” 

Arleigh  Burke  uses  ESWS  qualified 
Sailors  in  each  division  to  walk  candidates 
through  the  weapons,  propulsion,  naviga- 
tion and  communications  systems,  and 
any  other  parts  of  the  ship  they  are 
required  to  know  for  qualification. 

“We’ve  had  a lot  of  people  blossom  as 
instructors,  and  we’ve  had  young  people 
who  have  been  ESWS  instructors  get 
follow-on  orders  to  shore  duty  as  Navy 
instructors,”  McCormack  said. 

As  an  instructor,  Electrician’s  Mate  1st 
Class  (SW)  Guy  Deluzio,  from  Belton, 
Texas,  tries  to  ensure  every  candidate 
understands  his  lessons.  “I  make  sure  they 
understand  the  equipment,  and  if  they 
don’t,  I ask  them  questions  so  they  do 
understand  it.” 

“The  fact  that  we  hold  these  classes 
makes  it  easier  for  the  Sailors.  Everything 

Another  reason  Arleigh  Burke’s  ESWS 
program  is  such  a success  is  because  the 
ship  doesn’t  focus  on  ESWS  being 
mandatory  for  advancement.  “I  think 
the  word  ‘mandatory’  brings  up  a 
negative  connotation,  like  it’s  another  ‘I 
gotta  do’  requirement  being  forced  on 
the  Sailor.  I don’t  think  that’s  the  right 
way  to  look  at  it,”  McCormack  said. 

Instead,  the  senior  leadership  aboard 
Arleigh  Burke  tries  to  emphasize  the 
importance  of  becoming  ESWS  quali- 
fied. “We  are  professionals,  this  is  what 
we  do  for  a living.  It  doesn’t  necessarily 
have  to  be  a wartime  situation.  Just 
taking  a ship  to  sea  and  steaming  it  in 
peace  time  is  a challenge  and  is  very 
dangerous  if  not  done  correctly,”  Tindal 
said.  “We  take  it  very  seriously.  We 
depend  on  each  other  on  this  ship. 
Everybody  needs  to  know  what  the  other 
guy’s  job  is.” 

FC2  (SW)  Scott  Johnson 
talks  candidates  through 
the  intricacies  of  the 
fire  control  system. 

is  laid  out  for  them,  it’s  a lot  like  going  to  As  Arleigh  Burke  Sailors  complete  their 

a school  or  a university,  and  that  helps,” 

ESWS  checklists,  they  also  begin 

said  Arleigh  Burke’s  Executive  Officer, 
LCDR  Larry  Tindal. 

Arleigh  Burke’s  ESWS  program  has 
become  a top-of-the-line  program  by 
keeping  Sailors  motivated.  The  ship  posts  a 
roster  of  ESWS  qualified  Sailors  as  well  as 
those  working  toward  becoming  qualified. 
“Master  chief  lets  us  post  it  in  the  chow 
line,  which  is  pretty  much  our  Broadway 
or  Times  Square,  so  it  has  high  visibility. 
Everybody  sees  how  we  are  doing  on  the 
point  totals,”  McCormack  said.  “The  young 
guys  provide  a lot  of  energy.  They  get  qual- 
ified and  then  they  go  back  to  their 
divisions  and  tell  their  first  classes,  ‘Hey,  I 
got  it,  why  don’t  you?”’ 

to  see  the  importance  of  an 
ESWS  qualified  ship.  “I  feel  100 
percent  better  knowing  the  guy 
serving  beside  me  knows  what  to 
do  in  an  emergency,”  said  Interior 
Communications  Electrician 
Third  Class  Jason  Burton,  an 
ESWS  candidate  from  Waterbury, 
Conn.  “And,  if  something  does  go 
wrong,  we  will  be  able  to  bond 
closer  together  as  a ship.” 

Thomas  is  a Norfolk-based 
journalist  assigned  to  Naval  Media 
Center,  FSD  Norfolk. 

BM2  James  Owens 
studies  the  unfamiliar 
world  of  gas  turbine 
engines  en  route  to 
his  warfare  pin. 

EW2  (SW)  Steven  Draper 
(far  right)  conducts  an 
impromptu  class  on 
electronic  warfare. 

£ar/y  cm  f/ze  morning  of  June  3,  1898,  a U.S.  Navy  lieutenant  and  seven  brave  Sailors  drove  a 
broken-down,  unarmed  collier  (coaling  ship)  into  a heavily  defended  Cuban  harbor  — and  tried 
to  sink  her.  If  all  went  well,  the  little  ship  would  go  down  directly  athwart  the  channel  entrance, 
permanently  bottling  up  the  Spanish  fleet  anchored  inside.  Some  called  it  a suicide  mission. 
But  the  risk  was  worth  taking...  if  everything  went  according  to  plan. 

Nothing  that  morning  went  according  to  plan. 


Enter  the  Merrimac 

In  mid-May  of  1898,  not  long  after 
Dewey’s  victory  in  Manila  Bay,  the 
Spanish  government  sent  Admiral  Pascual 
Cervera  and  the  Home  fleet  to  the 
Caribbean  with  orders  to  defend  Puerto 
Rico.  Instead,  Cervera  skillfully  eluded  ele- 
ments of  the  U.S.  Navy’s  North  Atlantic 
Squadron  and  took  refuge  in 
Santiago  harbor  on  Cuba’s 
southeast  coast.  Tucked 
away  like  that,  Cervera’s 
fleet  was  harmless 
enough.  But  if  it  escaped, 
there  was  no  telling  how 
much  damage  it  could  do. 

Arriving  off 
Santiago  on  June  1st, 

Admiral  William  T.  Sampson,  commander 
of  the  North  Atlantic  Squadron,  decided 
on  a swift  course  of  action.  Since  advanc- 
ing into  the  harbor  to  pick  a fight  was 
senseless  — the  channel  was  extremely 
narrow,  heavily  mined  and  protected  on 
both  sides  by  formidable  shore  batteries 
— Sampson  opted  to  sink  a ship  athwart 
the  channel  entrance,  blocking  Cervera’s 
escape.  If  he  couldn’t  get  his  fleet  into  the 
harbor,  maybe  he  could  prevent  theirs 
from  getting  out. 

No  other  ship  in  Sampson’s  fleet 
was  more  ideal  for  this  mission  than 
Merrimac.  Displacing  more  than  3,000 
tons  and  measuring  333  feet  in  length,  she 
was  large  enough  to  completely  block  the 
channel  (which  varied  from  300  to  450 
feet  across),  yet  small  enough  to  turn 
inside  it.  And  she’d  been  nothing  but  trou- 
ble since  reporting  for  duty  just  a couple 
of  months  before.  The  Merrimac  broke 
down  so  often,  in  fact,  that  it  was  cause  for 
celebration  if  she  steamed  for  just  a few 
hours  without  an  engine  or  steering  gear 
problem.  At  times,  noted  one  observer,  the 
“full  engineer  force  of  the  [cruiser] 

Brooklyn  was  sent  aboard  her  to  get  her 
running  again.”  Though  her  crew  was 
sharp,  the  ship  itself  was  a detriment. 

Alone  by  moonlight 
Having  settled  on  the  Merrimac  for  the 
blocking  ship,  Sampson  summoned 
Lieutenant  Richmond  Pearson  Hobson  to 
his  cabin  and  told  the  27-year  old 
naval  constructor  to  lead  the 
effort.  After  some  deliberation, 
Hobson  settled  on  fairly  simple 
plan  which  called  for  the 
Merrimac  to  sail  in  alone  by 
moonlight  on  a flood  tide. 
Manning  the  bridge,  Hobson 
would  communicate  with  his 
crew  by  pulling  on  cords  tied  to 
their  wrists.  One  pull  meant  “Standby;” 
three  pulls  was  the  signal  for  action. 

At  just  the  right  moment,  the  forward 
anchor  would  be  let  go,  the  sea  valves 
below  decks  opened,  the  helm  thrown  to 
port  and  a stern  anchor  released.  Once  the 
ship  lay  across  the  channel  and  all  his  men 
were  safely  in  a lifeboat, 

Hobson  himself  would 
throw  a switch,  igniting 
10  torpedoes  [explosive 
canisters]  strapped  to  her 
port  side  beneath  the 
waterline.  The  collier  was 
expected  to  sink  within 
one  minute  and  15 
seconds.  “Nothing  on  this 
side  of  New  York  City  will  be  able  to 
raise  her  after  that,”  he  boasted.  That 
was  the  plan. 

Cheering  volunteers 
Because  of  the  danger  involved,  Admiral 
Sampson  wanted  only  volunteers  for  the 
mission.  He  had  no  trouble  finding  them. 
“Cheering  crews  from  every  ship  stepped 
forward  at  the  summons  for  extra  haz- 
ardous duty,”  wrote  Associated  Press 

reporter  Henry  Beach.  “About  300  men 
from  The  New  York,  180  from  the  Iowa  — 
and  a like  proportion  from  the  other  ves- 
sels — enthusiastically  volunteered  for  the 
dangerous  assignment.”  It  was  even 
reported  that  New  York’s  bandmaster  and 
several  of  his  musicians  begged  to  go,  just 
so  they  could  play  “The  Star-Spangled 
Banner”  as  the  ship  went  down. 

Wanting  to  risk  as  few  lives  as  possible, 
Hobson  limited  the  number  of  men  to 
seven.  He  personally  selected  Gunner’s 
Mate  First  Class  George  Charette,  whom 
he  knew  from  his  midshipman  days.  The 
others  were  chosen  by  their  respective 
ships.  Coxswain  J.  C.  Murphy  represented 
the  Iowa  after  winning  a coin  toss;  Chief 
Master  at  Arms  Daniel  Montague  was  the 
unanimous  choice  of  the  New  York’s  ward- 
room; Coxswain  Randolph  Clausen  was 
nominated  from  the  Texas;  and  Coxswain 
Osborn  Warren  Deignan,  Machinist  Mate 
First  Class  George  Phillips  and  Water 
Tender  Francis  Kelly  were  kept  on  from 
the  Merrimac’s  crew. 

Bad  luck  and  little  time 
Lieutenant  Hobson  now  turned  his  full 
attention  to  making  the  final  preparations, 
but  time  and  luck  were  running  short.  It 
was  now  mid-day  on  the  1st  of  June.  In 
order  to  enter  the  harbor  in  complete 
darkness  with  a flood  tide,  the  Merrimac 
would  have  to  get  underway  early  on  the 
morning  of  the  2nd,  a little  more  than  12 
hours  away.  To  make  matters  worse,  the 

JULY  1998 


coal  heavers  who  were  ordered  to  empty 
all  the  coal  from  the  ship’s  port  bunkers 
misunderstood  their  orders  and  merely 
shifted  it  to  the  starboard  side,  giving  her 
an  ungainly  list.  Then,  the  belt  lines  fas- 
tening the  torpedoes  to  the  ship’s  hull 
became  snarled;  the  stern  anchor  chain 
became  so  badly  tangled  that  a makeshift 
one  had  to  be  fabricated,  and  the  flagship 
informed  Hobson  that  nowhere  amongst 
the  fleet  could  they  find  a hand  generator 
capable  of  remotely  detonating  the  torpe- 
does. Hurriedly,  a few  storage  batteries 
and  some  wire  were  rounded  up. 

They  were  at  last  ready  to  go,  but  the 
mission  was  still  cursed.  Just  after  mid- 
night on  the  2nd,  four  stowaways  were 
found  onboard,  and  then,  shortly  after 

departure,  the  lifeboat  that  Merrimac 
towed  behind  her  capsized  and  sunk. 
Finally,  Sampson  recalled  the  ship.  It  was 
just  getting  too  close  to  sunrise  for  the 
mission  to  proceed.  They  would  try  again 
the  next  day. 

Seconds  of  fate 

Late  into  the  evening,  Hobson  reviewed 
the  plan  with  his  men  for  what  seemed 
like  the  millionth  time.  Aside  from  the 
lack  of  a hand  generator,  everything  else 
was  okay. 

At  3 a.m.  on  the  3rd,  the  collier  slipped 
away  quietly  from  the  fleet  and  headed  for 
the  harbor.  “It  was  that  calm  hour  before 
dawn,”  wrote  a Boston  Herald  reporter 
who  watched  the  scene,  “when  life  is  at  its 
lowest  ebb,  and  the  tide  runs  out,  carrying 
the  lives  of  mortals  with  it.  Slowly,  the  sec- 
onds of  fate  ticked  on  as  3,000  men 
aboard  the  fleet  strained  eyes  and  strove  to 
pierce  the  deep  veil  of  night.” 

They  didn’t  have  to  wait  long.  When  she 
was  still  about  500  yards  from  the 

entrance,  an  enemy  picket  boat  let  loose 
on  the  Merrimac,  firing  three  rounds  at 
close  range.  Then  the  shore  batteries 
opened  up,  raining  shells  down  upon  her. 
At  first  it  seemed  that  most  of  the  shots 
had  missed,  but  when  Hobson  ordered  the 
final  course  change  the  helm  refused  to 

answer.  The  Merrimac  s steering  gear  was 
gone  — shot  clean  away.  Their  only  hope 
now  was  to  let  the  ship’s  momentum  carry 
her  up  the  channel,  use  the  anchors  to 
swing  her  into  position  and  fire  all  the  tor- 
pedoes at  once.  Hobson  passed  the  word. 

“Lads,  they  are  helping  us!” 

Slowly  and  still  under  heavy  fire,  the 
Merrimac  crawled  along.  When  at  last  she 
reached  position,  Hobson  gave  three 
steady  pulls  to  the  cords  around  his  men’s 
wrists.  Instantly,  the  order  was  met  by  the 
wonderful  sound  of  the  forward  anchor 
dropping  and  the  blast  of  the  first  tor- 
pedo firing.  Finally,  something  was  going 
right.  But  of  the  nine  remaining  torpe- 
does only  one  exploded,  and  then  Chief 
Montague  came  forward  to  report  that 
the  stern  anchor  had  been  shot  away  with 
the  steering  gear. 

Still ...  if  the  bow  anchor  could  just 
hold,  they  might  yet  succeed.  It  didn’t. 
Straining  under  the  great  weight  of  the 
now  sinking  ship,  the  chain  parted,  casting 
Merrimac  adrift. 

Suddenly,  the  night  shook  with  a thun- 
derous roar.  “A  blasting  shock,  a lift,  a 
pull,  a series  of  vibrations,  and  a mine 
exploded  directly  beneath  us,”  recalled 
Hobson.  “My  heart  leaped  with  exulta- 
tion. ‘Lads,  they  are  helping  us!’”  he 
shouted.  But  the  explosion  did  minimal 
damage  and  only  helped  drive  the 
Merrimac  aground  on  the  east  side  of  the 
channel.  Hobson  knew  his  mission  had 
failed.  “The  work  was  done,  and  the  rest 
was  only  a question  of  time.  We  could 
now  turn  our  attention  toward  the  course 
of  action  to  be  taken  next.” 

“Like  hell  with  the  lid  off” 

That  course  of  action  was  to  survive.  As 
the  Merrimac  slowly  began  to  sink,  the 
Spanish  fire  intensified,  precluding  any 



Daniel  Montague 

J.E.  Murphy 

Just  after  sunrise  a steam  launch 
approached  the  wreck,  probing  for  signs 
of  life.  This  was  their  chance.  The  men 
were  cold  and  tired  — Hobson  knew  they 
couldn’t  hold  out  much  longer.  Bravely,  he 
splashed  away  from  the  raft  and  hailed  the 
boat.  At  once  a squad  of  riflemen  filed  out 
on  the  boat’s  bow  and  took  aim  at  him. 
“But  the  volley  did  not  follow,”  he  recalled. 
“The  aim  must  have  been  for  caution  only, 
and  it  was  apparent  that  there  must  have 
been  an  officer  onboard  in  control.” 

Indeed  there  was  — it  was  Admiral 
Cervera  himself.  A rescue  ensued.  In  a 
strange  twist  of  fate,  Hobson  and  his  seven 
volunteers  were  hoisted  to  safety  by  the 
very  admiral  whose  fleet  they  were  trying 

forces,  leaving  the  United  States  in  undis- 
puted control  of  Caribbean  waters  and 
paving  the  way  for  an  invasion  of  Puerto 
Rico.  Spain  sued  for  peace  not  long  after- 
ward. Had  Hobson  succeeded  in  bottling 
up  the  Spanish  fleet,  those  very  ships 
could  have  helped  in  the  defense  of 
Santiago,  prolonging  the  war  and  provid- 
ing Spain  with  a better  bargaining  posi- 

On  July  6,  1898,  Lieutenant  Hobson 
and  his  crew  were  released  from  captiv- 
ity, returning  to  a triumphant  welcome 
in  America.  For  their  bravery,  all  eight 
were  awarded  the  Congressional  Medal 
of  Honor. 

Kirby  is  the  head  of  still  media.  Naval  Media 
Center,  Washington,  D.C.  Images  courtesy  of 
Naval  Institute  Press. 

movement  above  decks.  Broken  glass, 
wood  splinters,  and  shrapnel  flew  wildly 
about,  accompanied  by  the  barks  and 
booms  of  howitzers,  pistols,  rifles  and 
shore  guns.  To  Captain  Robley  Evans  of 
the  Iowa,  it  looked  from  afar  “like  hell 
with  the  lid  off.”  Lying  prone  on  the  deck, 
helpless  and  motionless,  the  men  fought 
off  thoughts  of  death.  “The  deck  vibrated 
heavily,  and  we  felt  the  full  effect,”  remem- 
bered Hobson.  “At  each  instant  it  seemed 
that  certainly  the  next  would  bring  a pro- 
jectile among  us.  The  impulse  surged 
strong  to  get  away  from  a place  where 
remaining  seemed  death.”  But  they  all 
knew  that  swimming  for  it  was  suicide. 
With  the  still  flooding  tide  and  their  white 
life  preservers,  they’d  be  sitting  ducks  for 
Spanish  sharpshooters.  There  was  nothing 
left  to  do  but  stay  with  the  crippled  ship. 

All  of  a sudden,  Merrimac  lurched  for- 
ward and  heeled  to  port.  This  was 
it.  Two  Spanish  warships  quickly 
approached  and  fired  four  torpedoes  at 
her,  but  by  then  it  didn’t  matter.  She  was 
going  down  fast  now.  “The  vessel  lowered 
her  head  like  a faithful  animal,  proudly 
aware  of  its  sacrifice,  bowed  below  the 
surface,  and  plunged  forward,”  Hobson 
noted.  As  the  men  tumbled  overboard 
with  a great  rush  of  water,  her  stern  rose 
up,  stood  shuddering  for  a moment,  and 
then  disappeared  beneath  the  waves. 
Merrimac  was  dead. 

'The  vessel  lowered  her  head  like  a faithful  animaly 
proudly  aware  of  its  sacrifice,  bowed  below  the 
surface,  and  plunged  forward  ” 

Lt.  Richmond  Pearson  Hobson 

Hobson  s Crew 

Randolph  Clausen  George  Charette 

Osborn  Warren  Deignan 

Prisoners  in  Spanish  hands 

Coughing  up  seawater,  the  men  gathered 
beneath  a catamaran  raft  that  was  still 
tethered  on  one  side  to  the  sunken  ship. 
Amazingly,  none  were  seriously  hurt. 
After  taking  a quick  head  count,  Hobson 
ordered  them  all  to  stay  huddled 
together  and  quiet,  for  a Spanish 
destroyer  was  still  in  the  area.  He  felt 
their  only  chance  for  survival  lay  in 
being  picked  up  after  daylight  by  a 
reconnoitering  boat  from  ashore. 

to  capture.  Now  they  were  prisoners  in 
Spanish  hands. 

Successful  failure 

Though  Merrimac’s  mission  was  deemed  a 
failure,  it  had  far-reaching  effects.  On  July 
3rd,  exactly  one  month  after  the  sinking, 
Cervera’s  fleet  was  annihilated  by  ships  of 
the  North  Atlantic  Squadron  as  it  tried  to 
escape  from  Santiago  harbor.  Within  a 
week  of  that  battle,  the  city  of  Santiago 
itself  surrendered  to  American  ground 

Francis  Kelly 

JULY  1998 


orld -renowned  author  and  naval  enthusiast  Tom  (lancy  once  said  that 
he  felt  the  Navy  was  the  one  branch  of  the  military  that  could  operate 

effectively  without  its  officer  corps.  Me  was  speaking  hypothetically.  The  comment 
was  intended  to  be  the  strongest  possible  endorsement  for  what  he  felt  to  be 
an  exceptional  enlisted  community.  Me  never  thought  the  Navy  would  take  it  so 

literally.  But,  during  their  recent  Mediterranean  deployment,  Sailors  aboard  USS 
Ashland  (LSD  48)  did  jUSt  that.  B y J 0 2 Shane  Barker 

While  getting  underway  following  a 
port  visit  to  Naples,  Italy,  Ashland’s  sea 
and  anchor  detail  was  manned  by  a crew 
made  up  entirely  of  enlisted  Sailors.  The 
evolution  set  in  motion  a push  among  the 
ship’s  enlisted  crew  members  to  train  and 
qualify  to  stand  watches  traditionally 
manned  by  officers. 

The  move  was  applauded  by  the  ship's 
commanding  officer,  CDR  Antony  O. 
Heimer.  “We  have  some  exceptional  talent 
within  the  enlisted  ranks  aboard  Ashland. 

I was  confident  in  their  ability  to  get  the 
ship  underway  safely  and  professionally. 
They  did  it,  and  they  did  it  with  style.” 

The  motivating  force  behind  the  all- 
enlisted  detail  was  Chief  Signalman  (SW) 
Steven  G.  Lominac  of  Virginia  Beach,  Va. 
Having  qualified  as  officer-of-the-deck 
(OOD)  underway  while  serving  aboard 
USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73), 
Lominac  was  encouraged  to  qualify  as  an 
OOD  aboard  Ashland.  With  the  experi- 
ence he  gained  aboard  GW  and  during  his 

follow-on  tour  as  a tug  captain,  Lominac 
was  confident  he  could  qualify. 

“Driving  tugs  teaches  you  everything 
you  need  to  know  about  handling, 
docking  and  undocking  ships,”  he  said.  “I 
learned  from  the  best  harbor  pilots  in  the 
world  at  the  Norfolk  Naval  Base.” 

To  help  his  signalmen  diversify  their 
professional  expertise,  Lominac  developed 
a new  personal  qualification  standard 
(PQS)  for  the  junior  officer-of-the-dexck 
watch  so  enlisted  Sailors  could  have  the 



qualification  added  to  their  service  record. 
Following  Lominac’s  example,  crew 
members  began  to  pursue  qualifications  of 
their  own.  Signalman  First  Class  (SW) 
Michael  W.T.  Wilson,  Ashland’s  1997  Sailor 
of  the  Year,  was  the  first  to  step  forward. 

The  Rochester,  N.Y.,  native  worked 
through  the  new  PQS  using  his  knowledge 
as  an  enlisted  surface  warfare  specialist, 
but  he  admitted,  “Even  that  didn’t  cover 
everything.  There  were  a lot  of  things  that 

“Generally,  I’m  just  worried  about  one 
aspect  of  navigation,”  explained  the 
Statesville,  N.C.,  native.  “This  time,  I had 
to  worry  about  shipping  and  a lot  of  other 
things.  It  gives  you  a different  perspective.” 
Blackburn  added  that  by  opening  the 
qualifications  and  watchstanding  duties  to 
more  junior  Sailors,  job  performance  and 
chances  for  advancement  improve. 

“We  want  to  keep  moving  our  junior 
Sailors  up,  up,  up.  That  way,  they  never  get 

according  to  CDR  Heimer,  is  to  qualify 
enlisted  watchstanders,  but  not  at  the 
expense  of  his  junior  officers  who  are 
required  to  qualify  at  their  watchstations. 
But,  if  the  initiative  is  a success,  the  reward 
could  be  a larger  number  of  qualified 
watchstanders,  which  means  watch- 
standers will  be  well-rested  and  the  crew 
more  diversified.  Heimer  has  no  intention 
of  slowing  down  now,  not  when  the  bene- 
fits of  the  program  are  so  obvious. 

SMC  (SW)  Steven  G. 
Lominac  of  Virginia 
Beach,  Va.,  stands 
watch  as  the  officer-of- 
the-deck  while  QM3 
Melissa  A.  Webster  of 
Bedford,  Ind.,  acts  as 
bearing  recorder  on  the 
USS  Ashland  (LSD  48). 

QMC  (SW)  Ronald  L.  Blackburn 
of  Statesville,  N.C.,  stands  watch  as  the 
ship’s  navigator  while  QM3  Melissa  A. 
Webster  acts  while  bearing  recorder. 

SMI  (SW)  Michael  Wilson  of 
Rochester,  N.Y.,  stands  watch  as 
the  conning  officer  on  the  bridge 
of  USS  Ashland  (LSD  48).  Wilson  is 
Ashland’s  1997  Sailor  of  the  Year. 

I had  either  learned  and  forgotten  or  had 
just  never  learned  before.  By  doing  that 
PQS,  I learned  a lot  more  about  how  this 
ship  has  to  be  handled.  It’s  not  just  as  easy 
as  giving  an  order  or  the  helmsman 
steering  the  ship  left  and  right.  It  was  a 
good  professional  growth  tool  for  me.” 
While  standing  watch  as  the  ship’s 
navigation  supervisor,  Chief  Quarter- 
master (SW)  Ronald  L.  Blackburn  learned 
there  is  more  to  driving  a ship  than  just 
plotting  a straight  course. 

stagnant.  The  more  challenges  you  give 
them,  the  more  willing  they  are  to  accept 
them.  Sailors  are  happiest  when  you  chal- 
lenge them.” 

“Because  the  command  allowed  the 
crew  to  move  up  a notch  and  assume 
some  of  these  watches,  people  are  walking 
around  with  their  heads  lifted  high  and 
they  are  taking  even  more  pride  in  their 
work,”  added  Chief  Operations  Specialist 
(SW)  Robert  Best  of  New  York,  N.Y. 

The  challenge  to  this  initiative, 

“We’ve  definitely  raised  the  bar,”  said 
Heimer.  “It’s  worked  its  way  down  where 
we’ve  had  second  and  third  class  petty 
officers  jump  in  to  qualify  at  these  watch- 
stations.  I want  to  continue  this  because  it 
gives  everyone  a chance  to  stand  these 
different  watches  and,  I think,  gives  the 
crew  a sense  of  pride  that  they  can  run 
this  ship  themselves.” 

Barker  is  assigned  to  the  public  affairs 
office  aboard  USS  Ashland  (LSD  48). 

JULY  1998 


is  a monthly  photo  feature  sponsored  b) 
Navy  News  Photo  Division.  We  are  looking  for 

photography  from 

in  the  fleet,  to  showcase  the  America 

GM3  Walter  Vanderhorst, 
of  Queens,  N.Y.,  loads 
projectiles  into  the 
5-inch  gun  aboard  the 
Spruance-c\ass  - 
destroyer  USS  John 
Young  (DU  973). 

£dpOS2  Gilbert  Lundgren,  of  Kenosha,  Wis., 
operates  radar  equipment  in  the  combat 
information  center  aboard  USS  Carney  (DDG  64). 

he  Chief  of  Information 

DC2  Danna  Seywqtl  of  Rict|n6nd,  Va.,  helps  a 
member  of  tljelrepair  iQGmJdon  Ijlis  “oxygen 
breathing  appait&us”  touring  a general  quarters 
J drill  aboard  USB  LaSalle  (AGF  3). 

To  be  considered,  forward  your  images  with  full  credit  and  cut-line  information, 
including:  Full  name,  rank  and  duty  station.  Name  all  identifiable  people  within 
the  photo,  and  important  information  about  what  is  happening,  where  the 
photo  was  taken  and  the  date.  Commands  with  digital  photo  capability  can 

Mail  your  submissions  to: 


2701  S.  CAPITOL  ST.  S.W.,  WASHINGTON,  D.C.  20373-5819  *» 

CWO  Melvin  White,  of  Virginia 
Beach,  Va.,  works  out  in  his  off  time 
aboard  USS  Normandy  (CG  60). 

GM3  John  Wiederhold 
tests  a Vertical  Launch 
System  (VLS)  panel  I 
aboard  USS  John  S. 
McCain  (DDG  56). 

AN  Brian  Nestby,  from  Dubuque,  loyva,  stows  a 
firefighting  hose  after  a firedrill  oirthe  fliair 
deck  of  USS  George  WashingtonftJH  TSffira 
USS  Normandy  (CG  60)  steams  alongsidkpri 







> 'V  > Ay  ;>  Ay 

USS  John  S McCain  /DDG  se/ 


in  the  fleet! 

To^um  P*vora  the  in  tht  (ARABIAN  i 

USS  John  S.  McCain  website 

It  seems  like  every  site  has  an  award  nowadays.  You've 
seen  'em.  Cruising  the  net,  you  can  always  find  those 
little  logos  proclaiming  that  a particular  site  has  just 
been  named  among  the  top  100  in ...  whatever!  Kid’s 
games,  schools,  job  searches,  household  pets,  web- 
based  merchandising ...  you  name  it.  I don’t  pretend  to 
know  what  it  all  means,  but,  hey,  a page  featuring  a classy  logo 
and  a statement  saying  it  is  listed  in  “Frank’s  Top  100 
Horticultural  Sites”  lends  a bit  of  credibility.  Don't  you  think? 

Well,  I've  decided  to  get  into  the  act  myself.  Announcing  the 
all-new  and,  I’m  sure,  much  sought-after  “CyberSailor  Site  of 
Excellence”  award  (that’s  the  coveted  CSSOE,  pronounced 
kes-o-e,  for  all  of  you  keeping  score  at  home). 

My  honor  will  designate  those  sites  which  have,  through 
innovative  design  and  thorough  content,  succeeded  in  meeting 
my  standards  of  unrelenting  excellence.  That  is  to  say,  my  logo 
proclaims  to  all  who  care,  “I  LIKE  IT!” 

Okay,  so  much  for  the  grand  announcement,  let’s  get  down 
to  Round  1.  This  month,  we'll  take  a look  at  the  offerings  of  the 
Navy’s  cruisers,  destroyers  and  frigates.  For  this  issue,  I 
reviewed  130  sites  — that's  all  I could  find.  (That’s  a hint, 
webmasters,  if  your  ship  has  a web  site,  send  me  the  URL  at  the 
address  at  the  top  of  the  page.) 

Can  I be  honest?  I immediately  eliminated  all  ship  web  sites 
that  haven’t  been  updated  for  the  past  six  to  12  months.  Why? 
Well,  because  these  are  MY  awards,  and  because  this  is  the 
Internet  after  all  — if  you  can't  keep  it  updated,  why  bother? 

Now,  please  be  forwarned,  I've  incorporated  some  personal 
likes  and  dislikes  into  my  selections,  but  as  I said  before,  these 
are  MY  awards.  For  example,  I LIKE  sites  with  interesting  infor- 
mation and  vivid  photographs.  I DISLIKE  sites  with  pictures  of 
the  CO,  XO  and  that  stern-faced  command  master  chief 
greeting  me  on  the  opening  page.  I apologize  to  these  impor- 
tant folks  and  I realize  they  are  vital  to  the  web  site’s  existence, 
but  they  really  should  be  accessed  via  links  — don't  paste  'em 
on  the  homepage. 


ALL  H A N 0 S 

USS  Russell  web  site 



USS  Ramage  web  site 


Sorry,  but  glitzy  animated  graphics  don't  guarantee  selec- 
tion, unless  they  are  used  sparingly  and  add  to  the  overall 
design  (without  making  me  wait  too  long). 

A total  of  eight  sites  make  the  first  cut.  Of  these,  seven  stood 
out  simply  because  they  offer  a special  page  just  for  Sailors 
preparing  to  report  aboard.  These  sites  are  USS  Russell  (DDG 
59)  at;  USS  Ramage  (DDG  61)  at;  USS  Anzio  (CG  68)  at;  USS  Caron  (DD  970)  at;  USS  Thomas  S.  Gates 
(CG  51)  at; 
USS  McFaul  (DDG  74)  at  http:// 
homepages/mcfaul;  and  USS  John  S.  McCain  (DDG  56)  at  A bonus  site,  USS  Shiloh  (CG  67) 
(  was  added  because  of  the  site's 
overall  clean,  neat  and  interesting  design. 

Every  one  of  the  130  sites  I visited  offered  information  about 
the  ship,  her  capabilities  and  general  information  on  her 
history.  But,  do  you  ever  ask  yourself  what  other  reasons  folks 
may  have  for  visiting  a ship’s  website?  What  about  families  and 
friends  who  want  to  find  out  what  the  Sailors  onboard  are  up 
to?  And  how  about  those  people  who  want  to  learn  what  it's 
like  to  work  and  live  onboard  ship?  I talk  to  webmasters 
everyday,  specifically  those  at  the  larger  shore  stations,  and  I’ve 
found  that  Sailors  are  beginning  to  use  the  web  as  a way  to 
learn  about  the  duty  stations  their  detailers  are  talking  about. 
Boy,  it  sure  would  be  nice  to  be  able  to  find  out  about  a ship,  its 
crew  and  its  homeport  all  in  one  place. 

So  there  you  have  it,  the  first  round  of  the  CSSOEs.  In  the 
next  few  issues,  I'll  wander  the  net  in  search  of  carriers,  amphibs, 
auxiliaries  and  minesweepers.  If  your  ship  has  a site  you  think  is 
worth  stopping  by,  e-mail  me  and  let  me  know  the  URL. 

Shipboard  webmasters,  for  the  most  part,  are  volunteers  who  have  developed  their  HTML-ese  during  their  off-duty  time.  Knowing 

what  gets  priority  for  funding  aboard  ship,  I would  also  assume  that  many  of  them  are  using  their  own  machines  and  software. 

I salute  all  you  Sailors  who  have  taken  on  the  job  of  putting  your  command’s  best  foot  forward.  I also  have  a favor  to  ask. 

I’d  like  to  keep  the  readers  of  All  Hands  informed  of  Navy  web  sites  that  keep  Sailors  and  their  families  up-to-date  on  the  latest 
technology  and  happenings  around  the  fleet.  But  I can’t  do  it  alone  and  search  engines  do  have  their  limitations. 

If  you’re  maintaining  a site,  or  know  of  one,  that  is  designed  to  tell  your  command’s  story,  tell  me  about  it!  I’d  sure  like  to 
shed  some  light  on  those  diamonds  in  the  rough. 


Hull  Technician  2nd  Class  (SW)  J06  TOWlCS 

was  selected  as  USS  Emory  S.  Land’s  (AS  39)  1997  Junior  Sailor  of  the 
Year.  As  the  ship’s  repair  parts  petty  officer,  the  Gladstone,  Va.,  native 
keeps  track  of  more  than  $10,000  in  repair  parts  needed  for  the  ship  and 
her  submarines.  Towles  is  also  the  assistant  divisional  career  counselor 
and  the  fire  party  on-scene  leader  for  his  duty  section. 

Mary  Jo  Cervantes 

was  selected  as  the  1997  Civilian  of  the  Year  for  Naval  Air  Reserve 
Station  Point  Mugu,  Calif.  While  serving  as  team  leader  for  the 
command’s  security  process  action  team.  She  provided  administrative 
rate  training  on  security-related  matters  and  helped  command 
personnel  study  for  advancement  examinations. 

Gas  Turbine  System  Technician  (Mechanical) 

1st  class  (sw)  Wayne  H.  Gale 

from  Fleet  Training  Center  (FTC)  Mayport,  Fla.,  was  selected  for  the 
Enlisted  Commissioning  Program.  Additionally,  he  was  selected  as  the 
FTC  Instructor  of  the  Year  for  1997,  Instructor  of  the  Quarter  and  Sailor 
of  the  Quarter  (for  the  4th  quarter  of  1997). 

Seaman  (sw)  Clorinda  Ortega 

was  selected  as  USS  Simon  Lake’s  (AS  33)  1997  Seaman  of  the  Year. 
Ortega,  a native  of  San  Mateo,  N.M.,  is  the  deck  department’s  repair 
parts  petty  officer  and  works  as  a “sponsor”  aiding  newly-reported 
seamen  in  adjusting  to  life  onboard  ship. 

Engincman  1st  class  (sw)  Tearance  W.  Bauer 

was  recently  named  USS  Shamal’s  (PC  13)  1997  Sailor  of  the  Year.  The 
Merced,  Calif.,  native  was  recognized  for  his  outstanding  leadership, 
professionalism  and  motivation  as  a main  propulsion  assistant,  depart- 
ment leading  petty  officer,  chief  master  at  arms  and  acting  damage 
control  assistant. 

Radioman  First  Class  (SW)  EHC3  DObbS 

was  named  Allied  Command  Atlantic’s  Military  Member  of  the  Year  for 
1997.  The  Hartwell,  Ga.,  native  is  the  Technical  Control  Facilities  leading 
petty  officer,  database  manager  and  circuit  supervisor  at  NATO’s  North 
American  headquarters,  Norfolk,  Va. 




August  1998 

jgcing  into  the  Future 

The  Masters  Building  Model  Boats  Lighting  the  Fire  F/A-18E/F  ITT 
Sounds  of  Silence  Operation:  Manta  Joined  at  the  Zip  Future  Base 



1 4 Emerging  from  the  Shadows  of  the  Past 

The  Advanced  Enclosed  Mast  and  Sensor 
(AEM/S)  System  is  unlike  any  mast  you’ve  ever 
seen.  In  fact,  it  doesn’t  look  like  a mast  at  all. 

16  Firestarter 

Meet  MAFFTD  - the  Mobile  Aircraft  Fire 
Fighting  Training  Device.  It  starts  fires. 

1 9 Quick  Fix 

ET2  Michael  Cigala  of  USS  Carl  Vinson  uses 
innovative  thinking  to  solve  an  age-old  problem. 

20  The  Right  Stuff 

Aqueous  Film  Forming  Foam  (AFFF)  is 
replaced  by  a biodegradable,  environmentally- 
benign,  water-based  dye  solution  to  reduce  the 
amount  of  hazardous  wastewater  generated  by 
fire  fighting  training. 




Gearing  Up 

CINCLANTFLT’s  Non-developmental  Items 
Facility  (NDI)  is  working  to  provide  Navy 
ships  and  Sailors  with  the  best  damage-control, 
fire  fighting,  and  safety  equipment  on  the 
market  today. 

Integrated  Ingenuity 

The  Integrated  Test  Team 
(ITT)  at  NAS  Patuxent 
River,  Md.,  is  working  to 
make  the  Super  Hornet 
super  friendly  for  pilots 
and  maintainers. 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
The  Honorable  John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
ADM  Jay  L.  Johnson 

Chief  of  Information 
RDML  Thomas  Jurkowsky 

Commanding  Officer, 

Naval  Media  Center 
CAPT  Edward  Lundquist 

Still  Media  Department  Head 
LCDR  John  Kirby 

Publishing  Division  Officer 
LT  Edie  Rosenthal 

Print  Media  Coordinator 
LT  Tyrus  Lemerande 



Marie  G.  Johnston 

Managing  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 

Assistant  Editor 
J01  Robert  Benson 
Editorial  Staff 
Patricia  Oladeinde 
J01  Ron  Schafer 
J01  Rodney  Furry 
J01  Jason  Thompson 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
PH2  Joseph  Gunder  III 
PH3  Lena  Gonzalez 


Rabil  & Bates  Communication  Design 

Creative  Director 

Debra  Bates 

Graphic  Designer 

David  Chapman 

Julie  Dorman 

Production  Staff 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 

William  E.  Beamon 

DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 


Photo  Editor 

PHI  Jim  Hamphire 


Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  Q1SPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002-5577) 

(Number  976)  is  published  by  the  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 

2701  S.  Capitol  St„  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 
and  additional  mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions;  For  sale  by  the  Superintendent  of 
Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing  Office, 

Washington,  D.C.  20402;  (202)  512-1800. 

Postmaster  Send  address  changes  to  All  Hands  magazine. 
Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station 
Anacostia.  Bldg.  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St„  S.W., 

Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 
Editorial  Offices:  Send  submissions  and  correspondence 
to  Naval  Media  Center.  Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor, 
Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St., 

S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 
Tel:  (202)  433-4171  or  DSN  288-4171 
Fax:  (202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747 
Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  has  determined 
this  publication  is  necessary  in  the  transaction  of  business 
required  by  law  of  the  Department  of  the  Navy.  Funds  for 
printing  this  publication  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee. 

24  Smart  Weapons 

Quantum  Leap  is  providing  Navy  SEALs  with 
the  most  technologically-advanced,  war-fighting 
equipment  available. 

30  Instantaneous  Information 

Ships  throughout  the  fleet  are  now  being  fitted 
with  computers  to  make  IT-21  - a program 
designed  to  link  all  afloat  and  ashore  commands 
to  a single  LAN  that  can  exchange  classified  and 
unclassified,  tactical  and  non-tactical,  real-time 
information  - a reality. 

32  Tunnel  Vision 

Naval  Surface  Warfare  Center’s  Carderock  Division 
has  been  pushing  the  envelope  in  naval  science  and 
technology  for  100  years.  It  all  starts  with  an  idea. 

36  Naval  Undersea  Warfare  Center -Deep 

MANTA  - stealth  technology  for  the  21st  century 
Sonar  and  the  Silent  Killer  - using  submarine 
technology  to  prevent  coronary  artery  disease 

The  Need  for  Speed  - breaking  the  sound 
barrier  underwater 

40  The  Base  of  the  Future 

The  first-ever  Smart  Base  gives  Sailors  a 
glimpse  of  the  future. 

( Check  us  out  Online  at: 


6 Letters 

7 Around  the  Fleet 

42  Cybersailor 

44  Eye  on  the  Fleet 

48  Shipmates 

On  the  Cover 

With  a growing  arsenal  of  new 
weaponry  - including  digital 
cameras,  laser  pointers,  mouth 
mikes,  infrared  scopes,  laptop 
computers  and  portable  satellite 
communications  - Navy  SEALs 
are  boldly  attacking  the  21st 
century  with  new  vision  and 
enhanced  capabilities. 

Photo  by  JOl  Robert  Benson 

On  the  Back  Cover 

Members  of  SEAL  Delivery 
Vehicle  Team  TWO 
conduct  training  operations 
in  the  Caribbean. 

Photo  by  PHI  (DV) 

Andy  McKaskle 


USS  John  F.  Kennedy 
(C V 67)  passes  under  the 
Verrazano-Narrows  Bridge  on 
her  way  to  New  York  City 

for  Fleet  Week  ’98. 

Photos  by  PHAN  Jennifer  M.  Beck 

and  PH2  Scott  Moak  (inset), 



1 1 1 

1 I 1 

1 \ 

L fl  n 

1 II  i 

I R 

USS  Columbus  (SSN  762),  homeported  at  Naval  Station 
Pearl  Harbor,  conducts  an  emergency  surface 
training  exercise  35  miles  off  the  coast  of  Oahu. 

Photo  by  PH2  David  C.  Duncan. 

Send  your  comments  to:  All  Hands,  Naval  Media  Center,  Bldg.  168, 
NAVSTA  Anacostia  (ATTN:  Editor), 

2701  S.  Capitol  St.  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 

or  e-mail:  allhands< 

Year  2000  vs.  The  Millennium 

The  March  issue  of  All  Hands  contained 
an  article  entitled  “Y2K,”  regarding  the 
concerns  over  computers  that  can’t 
process  the  year  2000  properly. 

It  should  be  noted  that  throughout 
the  article,  the  author  made  references  to 
the  millennium.  Although  he  never 
expressly  said  so,  the  references  did 
insinuate  that  the  new  millennium  will 
start  Jan.  1,  2000,  which  is  what  many 
Americans  do  believe.  That’s  not  true. 

The  third  millennium  A.D.  will  begin 
Jan.  1,  2001.  The  Gregorian  calendar  had 
no  year  0,  it  went  straight  from  1 B.C.  to 
1 A.D.  As  such,  the  first  millennium  A.D. 
started  in  the  year  1 A.D.  The  second 
(and  current)  millennium  started  in  the 
year  1001  A.D.,  exactly  1000  years  after 
the  start  of  the  millennium  before  it. 
Therefore,  the  next  millennium  will 
begin  in  2001,  1000  years  after  the  start 
of  the  second  (and  current)  millennium. 

While  this  may  seem  like  a small 
point,  it  is  a common  misconception 
that  many  people  have.  I believe  it’s  the 
job  of  the  media  - including  publica- 
tions like  All  Hands  - to  ensure  that 
fallacies  like  this  one  are  not  perpetu- 
ated, even  inadvertently. 

Environmental  Hall  of  Fame 

As  an  environmental  enthusiast  and  a 
proponent  for  the  Navy’s  environmental 
preservation  protection  programs,  I read 
your  [April]  issue  of  All  Hands  with 
bittersweet  emotions.  I was  thoroughly 
impressed  with  your  magazine’s  47-page 
layout,  which  encompassed  everything 
from  marine  life  to  ocean  demographics. 
Clearly,  a great  deal  of  research,  time, 
effort,  planning  and  creativity  had  been 
funneled  into  this  edition  of  the  “maga- 
zine of  the  U.S.  Navy.” 

I found  your  Earth  Day  insert  to  be 
lacking  in  the  scope  of  research  that  you 
had  so  obviously  devoted  to  the  rest  of 
the  magazine.  Highlighted  in  the  center- 
fold is  an  unidentifiable  Aegis-class 
cruiser,  the  example  of  the  platform 
whose  goal  it  is  to  protect  the  oceans,  the 
Navy’s  “most  prized  resource  for  training 
and  readiness.” 

USS  Carter  Hall  (LSD  50) 

repercussions  is  taken  seriously  and 
groomed  meticulously.  Environmental 
awareness  is  a main  focus  in  Carter  Hall 
and  we  have  been  recognized  for  our 
attention  to  detail  in  this  area  of 
concern.  I was  chagrined  to  see  the 
omission  of  those  U.S.  naval  commands 
recognized  for  their  environmental 
excellence;  a list  that  was  promulgated  by 
SECNAV  in  mid-March. 

I would  hope  that,  in  the  future, 
commands  like  USS  Carter  Hall  will  be 
recognized  as  those  responsible  for 
maintaining  the  standard  of  excellence 
for  the  Navy.  These  commands  deserve 
tangible  recognition  for  their  hard  work 
and  dedication  - work  and  dedication 
that  starts  at  the  deckplate  level. 

S.V.  DeGeus 
Commanding  Officer 
USS  Carter  Hall  (LSD  50) 

David  W.  Crenshaw 
Virginia  Beach,  Va. 

USS  Carter  Hall  (LSD  50)  is  the 
CNO’s  and  SECNAV’s  Environmental 
Award  recipient  for  FY97.  As 
commanding  officer,  I make  it  my 
personal  responsibility  to  ensure  that 
every  facet  of  every  shipboard  program 
which  has  potential  environmental 

Tell  us  something  uie  don  t knour. 



CTT1  (SS)  William 
Kepner  receives  a 
video  e-mail  from 
his  5-year-old 
daughter,  Carissa. 
It's  only  fair  since 
he  sends  her  one 
almost  every 

Photo  by  JOC(SW)  Jim  DeAngio 

Generation  Next 

Video  e-mail  is  here!  And  it  is  creating  quite  a stir  among  the 
Sailors  and  Marines  deployed  to  the  Western  Pacific  with  USS 
Tarawa’s  (LHA  1)  Amphibious  Ready  Group. 

“We  have  sent  nearly  400  video  e-mails  since  installation  was 
completed  six  weeks  ago,”  said  Religious  Program  Specialist  1st 
Class  Michael  Lines,  who  supervises  the  program  in  the  ship’s 
library.  “We  get  nothing  but  positive  feedback.  Once  they  send 
one,  they  think  it’s  great.  It’s  a real  morale  booster!” 

Test  platforms,  Tarawa,  USS  Mount  Vernon  (LSD  39)  and  USS 
Denver  (LPD  9)  are  taking  communications  into  the  21st  century. 
By  adding  a small  camera  and  some  additional  software  to  a 
desktop  personal  computer,  Sailors  can  now  send  shorts  videos  - 

continued  on  page  8 

Brand  New  BEQs 

In  seeking  new  ways  to 
improve  its  junior  Sailors’ 
quality  of  life,  the  Navy  has 
taken  a huge  step  in  the  right 

It  is  currently  building  new 
barracks  and  renovating  existing 
buildings  in  an  effort  to  provide 
private  rooms  for  all  its  junior 
enlisted  Sailors.  The  program, 
called  the  1+1  Standard,  is 
seeking  to  provide  everyone  in 
pay  grades  E- 1 to  E-4  with  a 
shared,  two-room  suite, 
complete  with  private  bedrooms 
and  kitchenettes. 

Naval  Technical  Training 
Center  Corry  Station  in 
Pensacola,  Fla.,  a joint-service 
training  base  with  a large 
contingent  of  students  and  staff 
from  the  Navy  and  other 
services,  opened  the  first  1+1 
renovated  barracks.  The  Navy  is 
currently  building  1+1  barracks 
in  Port  Hueneme,  Calif., 
Annapolis,  Md.,  Corpus  Christi, 

Texas,  Portsmouth  and 
Williamsburg,  Va.,  Guam  and 
Sigonella,  Sicily. 

Before  their  facelift,  the 
Corry  Station  BEQs  housed  resi- 
dents in  “rack  and  stack”  with 
four-to-a  room  berthing  - and 
sometimes  more. 

“The  buildings  have  taken 
on  a new  personality,”  said 
Theresa  Withee,  the  Corry 
Station  bachelor  housing 
director.  “They  have  new 
sloping  metal-seam  roofs  and 
individual  heating  and  air 
conditioning  units,  and  the 
residents  especially  enjoy  the 
kitchen  because  it  makes  the 
shared  living  quarters  more  like 

“I  certainly  didn’t  think  the 
new  barracks  would  be  anything 
like  this,”  said  Seaman  Michael 
Richardson,  assigned  to  the 
Ceremonial  Guard,  Naval 
Station  Washington,  D.C.,  who 
lives  in  a modified  version  of  the 
1+1  plan.  “This  exceeded  my 

According  to  LCDR  Jennifer 
Flather,  public  affairs  officer  for 
the  Washington  Annex,  “We 
wanted  to  provide  a campus- 
like atmosphere  in  addition  to 
the  state-of-the-art  furniture 
and  fixtures.” 

The  modified  version  offers 
a microwave  oven,  matching 
furniture  and  accessories, 
pullout  computer  desks,  a 
washer  and  dryer  and  a small 
shared  living-room  area. 
There’s  also  an  electro- 
magnetic key  lock  which  can 
monitor  comings  and  goings. 
“We  even  put  in  picture  rails  so 

these  guys  won’t  need  to  drill 
nails  in  our  walls,”  Flather  said. 

“I  think  on  the  whole  this  is 
great,”  said  SN  Victor  Mace,  also 
assigned  to  the  Ceremonial 
Guard  in  Washington.  “It  offers 
us  a lot  of  privacy  - kind  of  like 
you’re  at  home.  This  is  better 
than  any  barracks  I’ve  ever  seen.” 

Story  by  Patricia  Oladeinde, 
staff  writer  for  All  Hands. 

AUGUST  1998 

continued  from  page  7 

round  the  Fleet 

Respiratory  Research 

I Navy  research  has  perhaps  discovered  another 
tool  to  combat  acute  respiratory  diseases  - 
azithromycin.  The  Naval  Health  Research 
i Center  (NHRC),  Navy  Environmental  and 
f Preventive  Medicine  (Unit  5)  and  Naval 
y Hospital  Camp  Pendleton,  Calif.,  are  currently 
conducting  a study  of  the  drug’s  effects  on  more 
than  1,000  Marine  trainees  at  the  Infantry  Training 
School  at  Camp  Pendleton. 

/ CAPT  (Dr.)  Gregory  C.  Gray,  a researcher  at  NHRC, 
I said  the  antibiotic,  which  has  been  approved  for  use  by 
\ the  Federal  Drug  Administration,  may  be  useful  in 
r0"}  combating  the  outbreak  of  streptococcal  infections 
w among  recruits  and  other  military  populations. 
“Because  it  prevents  more  types  of  infec- 
tions,” explained  Gray,  “it  may  be  a better  choice  to 
combat  bacterial  respiratory  epidemics  of 
unknown  cause.” 

The  benefit  of  using  azithromycin  is  that  it 
protects  against  more  bacterial  pathogens, 
which  is  necessary  in  large,  high-risk  popula- 
tions. For  Sailors  and  Marines,  the  new  regimen  is 
much  more  attractive  because  azithromycin  is  taken  orally 
rather  than  by  injection. 

Story  by  Kimberly  Allen  Rawlings,  public  affairs  office, 
Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery. 

with  near  real-time  audio  - to  the  folks  back  home  or  to  anyone, 
anywhere  in  the  world.  The  video  is  sent  as  an  attachment  to  a 
traditional  e-mail,  much  like  a picture  or  .WAV  (sound)  file.  Once 
received,  it  can  be  downloaded  and  played,  deleted  or  saved  for 
future  viewing. 

“It  is  a fantastic  way  to  keep  in  touch  with  your  family,” 
beamed  Cryptologic  Technician  (Technical/Submarine)  1st  Class 
William  Kepner,  of  Munich,  Germany.  “I  tell  everybody  I work 
with  to  try  it.  I’m  there  almost  every  night.  I use  it  to  keep  in 
touch  with  my  daughter.” 

And  his  daughter  uses  it  to  keep  in  touch  with  him. 

Using  the  newly-installed  system  at  headquarters, 

Commander,  Amphibious  Group  3,  5-year-old  Carissa  can  send 
videos  to  daddy  on  board  Tarawa. 

“She  loves  the  videos,”  said  Kepner’s  wife  Susan  via  e-mail. 
“Carissa  loves  being  able  to  see,  hear  and  talk  to  her  dad.  She  plays 
the  videos  over  and  over  and  answers  him  if  he  asks  a question. 
I’m  very  thankful  for  this  technology.  He  is  on  the  other  side  of 
the  world,  but  we  can  see  and  hear  him,  and  it  makes  him 
seem  closer.” 

What’s  next,  e-mail  care  packages? 

“I  think  we’ll  soon  be  able  to  telephone  home  through 
the  Internet,”  said  Lines.  “A  Sailor  is  going  to  be  able  to  get 
on  there  and  be  able  to  see  and  chat  with  his  wife.  It’ll  be 
like  Star  Trek.  It’s  coming,  I’m  sure.” 

Story  by  JOC  (SW)  Jim  DeAngio,  public  affairs  officer, 

USS  Tarawa  (LHA  1). 

Infrared  Eye 

The  1989  Exxon  Valdez  oil 
spill  in  Alaska  dramatically 
illustrated  how  damaging 
and  expensive  oil  spills  can  be 
- wildlife  was  stained  black 
with  oil  and  one  of  the  world’s 
most  picturesque  locations 
was  forever 
tainted.  Millions 
upon  millions  of 
dollars  have  been 
spent  to  repair  the 
damage  and  it  will 
be  years  before  the  ecosystem 
is  as  it  was  before  the  accident. 

Primary  to  the  successful 
containment  of  an  oil  spill,  is 
quick,  effective  identification 

and  cleanup.  The  Navy 
recently  developed  new 
technology  to  reduce  the 
possibility  of  - and  potential 
damage  from  - oil  spills 
during  harbor  operations. 

It’s  called  the  Infrared 
Camera  Leak  Detector  and  it 
uses  infrared  technology  to 
locate  and  catagorize  oil  spills 
in  harbor  waters.  The  camera 
works  by  highlighting  the 
oil’s  heat  signature,  allowing 
Navy  personnel  to  easily 
track,  contain  and  clean  up 
spilled  fuel.  The  camera’s 
digital  images  can  be  stored 
on  a removable  disk  and 
downloaded  to  a computer 
for  further  analysis. 

“The  infrared  camera  has 
become  a major  player  in  our 
spill  prevention  program,” 
said  Daniel  Nichols,  Natural 
Resource  Management  Spill 
Team  Leader  at  NAS  Joint 
Reserve  Base  New  Orleans. 
“We  are  very  excited  about 
this  new  technology.” 

Major  spills  occur  most 
often  during  refueling 
operations  and  can  cost  as 
much  as  $100,000  per  spill  to 
clean  up.  These  costs  are 
expected  to  decline  by  about 
25  percent  due  to  the 
camera’s  ability  to  provide 
early  detection  - allowing  the 
spill  to  be  attacked  before  it 
can  spread. 

Other  uses  for  the  Inf 
Camera  Leak  Detector  are  also 
being  evaluated,  such  as  in- 
specting double-walled  storage 
tanks  for  leaks  and  verifying 
hazardous  waste  storage  tank 
level  and  temperature. 

This  new  camera  system 
will  help  to  reduce  costs, 
streamline  procedures,  and 
create  a safer,  healthier  work 
environment  for  Navy 

Story  and  photo  by  Anthony 
Vendetti,  Naval  Air  Warfare 
Center,  Aircraft  Division, 



, and  Dan 



While  on  deployment, 
Sailors  and  Marines 
have  long  waited  with 
anxious  anticipation  for  the 
“thump-thump-thump”  of  a 
helicopter  setting  down  on  the 
aft  end  of  their  ship.  They  knew 
that  helo  was  carrying  the  mail 
and  perhaps  a letter  from  their 
sweethearts  or  a care  package 
full  of  treats. 

But  USS  Mount  Vernon’s 
(LSD  39)  current  deployment  is 
different.  The  crew  is  using  the 
Internet  to  keep  in  touch  with 
family  and  friends  stateside. 

“Night  and  day,”  is  the 
description  used  by 
Electrician’s  Mate  1st  Class  Paul 
A.  Rochau  when  he  talks  about 
the  difference  between  conven- 
tional mail  and  the  Internet. 
“You  have  more  rapid  commu- 
nication with  your  spouse  and 
family.  I can  stay  current  with 
events  back  home,  instead  of 
waiting  for  three  or  four  weeks 
to  get  a letter.” 

Even  the  traditional  “care 
package”  has  not  escaped 

Mount  Vernon’s  cyber- 
revolution. Rochau,  from 
Kenosha,  Wis.,  joked  about  his 
ability  to  order  care  packages. 
“It  cuts  turn-around  time  by 
months,”  he  said. 

Other  crewmembers  agree. 
“With  e-mail,  I get  at  least  two 
messages  a day.  With  conven- 
tional mail,  I haven’t  gotten 
one  letter,”  said  Boatswain’s 
Mate  1st  Class  Timothy  J. 
Broderick,  from  Philadelphia. 

The  advantages  brought  by 
electronic  mail  are  not  limited 
just  to  keeping  in  touch  with 
family  and  friends.  It  also  is  a 
faster  way  for  crewmembers  to 
keep  track  of  their  personal 
affairs  while  deployed. 

“Let’s  say  you  have  to  make 
sure  a payment  is  made,”  said 
Interior  Communications’ 
(Electrical)  Mate  2nd  Class 
David  A.  Shaffer,  from 
Savannah,  Ga.  “With  e-mail  you 
can  be  sure  a payment  is  made 
in  a timely  manner  so  it  won’t 
affect  your  credit.” 

There  are  still  some  Sailors, 
like  Boatswain’s  Mate  1st  Class 
Charles  S.  Foley,  from  Colorado 

Springs,  Colo.,  who  stand  by 
the  conventional  system  of 
sending  and  receiving  mail. 
“Electronic  mail  is  not  a substi- 
tute for  hand- written  mail  by 
your  loved  ones,”  he  said. 

Though  there  are  some 
who  sympathize  with  Foley’s 
feelings,  one  great  benefit  of 
e-mail  as  observed  by  Boat- 
swain’s Mate  Chief  Michael  J. 
Santos,  a Guam  native,  is  the 
positive  effect  on  the  morale 
of  his  Sailors. 

“E-mail  has  been  a tremen- 
dous boost  to  the  morale  of  the 
crew,”  Santos  said. 

Mount  Vernon’s  deploy- 
ment to  the  Arabian  Gulf  is 
not  just  taking  her  to  foreign 
ports  and  international  waters 
- she’s  sailing  straight  into  the 
21st  century. 

Story  by  LTJG  Koma  B.  Gandy 
and  ENS  Michael  T.  Ennor, 
USS  Mount  Vernon  (LSD  39). 

For  more  information  on  the 
Infrared  Camera  Leak  Detector 
or  about  successful  pollution 
prevention  technologies  conducted 
under  the  Pollution  Prevention 
Equipment  Program  (PPEP),  visit 

Postcard  From  the  Fleet 

Name:  Mess  Management 
Specialist  2nd  Class  (DV) 

Charles  L.  Bloom 

Command:  Shore  Intermediate 
Maintenance  Activity,  Norfolk 

Hometown:  Cheboygan,  Mich. 

Hobbies:  Landscaping 

Favorite  Duty  Station:  SIMA 

Favorite  Quote:  “The  only  easy 
day  was  yesterday.” 

Keys  to  success:  “Sticking  to  it. 
Putting  forth  your  best  effort.” 

Goals:  Advancement  to  first 
class  petty  officer 

and  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN  70)  in 
which  60  stateside  instructors 
interacted  with  deployed  Sailors  by 
using  real-time  video  teleconfer- 
encing (VTC). 



The  video  system  uses  a device 
called  "codec’’  which  encodes  and 
decodes  multiple  signals  instanta- 
neously via  satellite.  For  the  first 
time,  students  were  able  to  actually 
see  and  talk  with  their  professors 
as  the  courses  were  being  taught. 

The  program  is  still  under  review 
and  it  is  unlikely  that  it  will  be 
employed  by  every  ship  in  the  fleet 
anytime  soon.  In  fact,  right  now 
only  carriers  and  command  ships 
have  the  hardware  to  make  it 
happen.  However,  the  possibilities 
are  intriguing. 

"It  brings  the  campus  environ- 

Taking  college  courses  at  sea 
can  be  stressful.  This  isn’t  a 
posh,  ivy-covered  campus 
in  the  middle  of  Massachusetts 
- this  is  a haze-gray,  missile- 
launching weapon  of  global 
diplomacy  somewhere  in  the 
middle  of  the  Atlantic  Ocean. 
Between  general  quarters,  fire 
parties,  weapons  tests  and  the 
myriad  of  other  evolutions 
Sailors  must  contend  with  on  a 

ment  to  the  ship  in  real-time  and 
allows  the  Sailors  to  become  part 
of  the  university  experience,”  said 
ENS  Scott  Hafley,  Carl  Vinson's 
educational  services  officer.  “The 
college  students  on  campus  are 
able  to  interact  with  the  Sailors  - 
which  provides  for  interesting  feed- 
back and  a great  learning 
experience  for  both  sides.” 

Programs  like  VTC  learning  for 
deployed  Sailors  are  vital  in  this  new 
information  age,  where  getting  an 
education  is  no  longer  something 
nice  to  do.  It  is  absolutely  critical 
for  advancement  and  quality  of  life. 

Story  by  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN  70) 

daily  basis,  when  is  anyone 
going  to  find  the  time  to  study? 
Well,  for  those  who  can,  the 
Navy’s  Program  for  Afloat 
College  Education  (PACE)  just 
got  better. 

PACE  isn’t  new,  but  this  past 
year  it  underwent  a major  over- 
haul. In  the  past.  Sailors  could 
only  take  lower-level  courses 
and  earn  their  associate’s  degree 
while  deployed  or  overseas. 
PACE  is  now  offering  every 
Sailor,  on  every  ship  - and  in 

Public  Affairs. 

several,  isolated,  overseas  sites  - 
the  chance  to  earn  not  only  a 
bachelor’s  degree  but  graduate 

credits  as  well. 

“This  is  certainly  a dream 
come  true  for  those  Sailors  who 
don’t  have  the  money,  time  or 
opportunity  to  complete  their 
advanced  degree  in  a regular 
setting,”  said  Dr.  Frances  Kelly, 
director  of  Navy  Voluntary 
Education  Programs,  Navy 
Annex,  Arlington,  Va. 

“The  greatest  thing  about  the 
expanded  program  is  that 
Sailors  now  can  earn  a four-year 
degree  in  public  and  business 
administration  as  well  as  in 
computer  science.  And  they  do 
it  at  their  own  speed  using  CD- 
ROMs  and  the  Internet,”  said 
the  Buffalo,  N.Y.,  native.  “It’s 
simple.  Sailors  can  just  plug  in 
their  own  computer,  put  in  a 
disc  and  go  off  to  some  corner 
and  begin  class.  Having  the 
courses  on  CD-ROM  offers 
Sailors  the  flexibility  to  take 
them  anytime  - anywhere  they 
want.  More  importantly,  Sailors 
don’t  have  to  worry  about 
getting  10  or  more  people  in  a 
room  to  synchronize  with 
instructors  back  home  like  they 
do  for  the  interactive  or  telecon- 
ferencing classes.” 

Kelly  concedes  there  aren’t 
yet  as  many  courses  available  on 
CD-ROM  as  there  are  on  the 
interactive  video,  but  she  is  also 
confident  that  it  will  happen 
and  happen  soon. 

The  Navy  is  also  looking  to 
expand  the  Internet  to  Sailors. 

“Ships  that  have  satellite 

capability  will  get  access  sooner 
than  the  others,  but  that  too  will 
change,”  said  Kelly.  “Some 
colleges,  like  the  University  of 
Phoenix,  offer  a complete 
degree  program  via  the  Internet. 
If  you  combine  both  of  these 
avenues,  there’s  no  reason 
Sailors  can’t  get  a degree.” 

The  computer-based  courses 
aren’t  the  only  improvements 
being  made  to  PACE.  Transcripts 
are  also  being  revamped. 

“Transcripts  given  to  Sailors 
will  look  exactly  like  the  tran- 
script of  everyone  actually  on 
campus,”  said  Kelly.  “And  the 
exams  are  now  graded  by  profes- 
sors at  the  universities  involved. 

So  instead  of  curling  up 
with  a good  book,  watching 
videos  or  playing  computer 
games,  use  your  off-duty  hours 
to  earn  credit  toward  your 
degree.  With  the  new  tech- 
nology available,  it’s  well  within 
your  reach. 

Story  by  Patricia  Oladeinde , 
staff  writer  for  All  Hands. 

Commands  interested  in 
signing  up  for  the  program 
should  review  NAVADMIN 
151/95.  More  information  is 
available  by  calling  Frances 
Kelly  at  DSN  223-1749  or 
(703)  693-1749. 

Year  2000  Wellsite 

The  Navy’s  Y2K  project 
office  has  launched  a 
new  website  that  can  be 
accessed  using  either  of  the 
following  addresses: 
k/ny2k.htm  or 

The  site  was  designed  to  help 
project  officials  manage  Navy- 
wide computer  problems  and  to 
keep  Sailors  informed  of  their 
progress.  The  site  contains  a 
wide  variety  of  Y2K  information, 
to  include:  points  of  contact, 
compliance  checklists,  recent 
news  releases  and  even  links  to 

other  military,  federal  and 
civilian  Y2K  resources  online.  It 
will  also  permit  authorized  users 
to  access  the  Navy’s  Y2K 
reporting  database  for  testing, 
assessing  and  certifying 
computer-related  Y2K  problems. 

With  more  than  30  percent 
of  the  Navy’s  computer  systems 

already  Y2K  compliant,  this 
website  will  be  a valuable  asset 
in  helping  to  upgrade  the 
remaining  systems. 

For  more  information,  call 
the  Project  Office  at  DSN 
329-3050  or(703)  601-3050. 

Story  by  J02  Jeremy  Allen, 
All  Hands. 



Trimming  Your  Waste 

Ships  generate  a large  volume  of  domestic  waste.  Taken  together, 
solid  waste  and  sewage  can  become  a threat  to  the  safety  and 
health  of  the  crew  if  handled  improperly. 

Navy  ships  do  not  have  the  luxury  of  being  able  to  deposit  their 
solid  waste  in  landfills,  nor  can  they  discharge  their  sewage  to  envi- 
ronmentally-sound  treatment  plants.  In  fact,  Navy  ships  have  very 
little  space  and  very  few  personnel  they  can  dedicate  to  waste 
processing.  Yet,  they  still  must  comply  with  stringent  new  waste- 
disposal  regulations  imposed  by  the  international  community.  How 
will  they  do  it?  With  new  capabilities,  revolutionary  systems  and 
streamlined  processes. 

The  Chief  of  Naval  Operations  and  Naval  Sea  Systems  Command 
are  developing  an  integrated  waste  processing  system  which  will 
allow  ships  to  circumnavigate  the  globe  without  restriction  due  to 
environmental  wastewater  regulations.  The  concept  is  to  integrate 
all  liquid  waste  - bilge  water  and  sewage  - handling  and  processing 
systems  into  one  interconnected  system  with  a centralized  waste 
destruction  module  (incinerator)  aboard  all  new  ships.  This  will 
give  Navy  ships  the  capability  to  collect  and  destroy  their  own 
liquid  wastes  at  sea  without  replenishment  ship  support.  Advanced 
filtration,  combustion  and  computer  technologies  are  being 
combined  to  reduce  maintenance,  operator  attention  and  waste 
handling  requirements. 

For  example,  the  large  amount  of  liquid  waste  generated  daily 
can  be  reduced  by  using  advanced  filtration  technology.  Sewage 
can  be  separated  readily  into  two  components,  heavy-solids  brine 
and  clear  water,  by  subjecting  it  to  specialized  filtration  tech- 
nology known  as  membrane  filtration.  The  clear  water  fraction  is 
clean  enough  to  be  discharged  overboard.  The  onboard  central- 
ized waste  destruction  module  can  process  the  remaining  waste, 
heavy-solids  brine. 

Navy  researchers  are  also  experimenting  with  new  thermal 
combustion  technologies. 

Computer  simulations  and 
dynamic  combustion  models  are 
being  used  to  develop  a compact 
and  environmentally-sound 
thermal  destruction  module.  This 
module  will  destroy  the  waste 
streams  generated  by  the  bilge 
water  and  sewage  membrane  treat- 
ment units.  A computer-based 
controller  will  be  used  to  direct 
and  monitor  all  processes,  and 
report  status  and  casualty  informa- 
tion to  the  ship’s  damage-control  station. 

Prototype  systems  have  been  tested  with  great  success  aboard  USS 
L.Y.  Spear  (AS  36)  and  USS  Carney  (DDG  64).  As  a result,  new  ships 
are  being  designed  with  these  new  waste-disposal  capabilities  begin- 
ning with  the  Arleigh  Burke- class  destroyer  USS  McFaul  (DDG  74). 

Story  by  N45  Public  Affairs 

Brute  Strength 

Chief  Engineman 

(SW/CC)  Arthur  Green 
recently  broke  the 
national  deadlift  record  during 
an  Amateur  Athletic  Union 
(AAU)  competition  held  in 
Waimanalo,  Hawaii. 

Green,  assigned  to  Naval 
Station  Pearl  Harbor,  lifted  606 
pounds  while  competing  in  the 
242-pound,  sub-masters  class. 

Waimanalo  was  Green’s  first 
competition  as  a power  lifter. 
This  summer  he  will  compete 
in  the  RAW  Nationals  in 
Irvine,  Calif. 

“RAW  means  without 
supportive  equipment  other 
than  a belt,”  Green  explained. 
“In  a lot  of  other  competi- 
tions, you  are  allowed  to  wear 
supportive  equipment  such  as 
bench  shirts.  This  equipment 
allows  you  to  be  able  to  lift 
more  weight.  RAW  is  all 
brute  strength.” 

Green  has  been  building 
strength  for  12  years,  ever  since 
he  was  put  on  the  Navy’s  weight 
control  program.  “I  owe  all  of 
this  to  the  Navy.  Being  put  on 
[weight  control]  was  the  best 

Benefits  of  integrated  liquid  waste  processing  aboard  ship 

1.  Sailors  have  less  interaction  with  shipboard  waste. 

2..  Separate  liquid  waste  control  systems  will  be  reduced  to  one 
centralized  controller. 

Ships  will  not  have  to  adjust  their  operations  to  discharge  or 
offload  liquid  wastes  in  certain  areas. 

Ships  will  depend  less  on  shore  facilities  and  may  be  able  to 
visit  ports  lacking  waste  disposal  facilities. 

The  high  cost  of  bilge  water,  sewage  and  gray  water  disposal 
abroad  will  be  reduced. 

The  environmental  impact  of  fleet  operations  will  be  reduced  by 
cutting  down  on  the  overboard  discharge  of  bilge  water,  sewage 
and  gray  water. 





Navy  Hospitality 

The  first  Navy  Lodge  to 
be  built  with  cedar- 
shingle  siding  recently 
opened  in  Dam  Neck,  Va. 
Sitting  on  the  bank  of  Red 
Wing  Lake,  the  two-story 

thing  that  could  have  happened 
to  me,”  Green  said.  “If  my 
command  had  not  adhered  to 
Navy  policy,  who  knows 
where  I would  be  today.  I just 
hope  this  story  will  help  inspire 
or  motivate  someone  to  switch 
to  fitness  and  be  a winner.  It 
takes  patience,  good  nutrition 
and  hard  work.  If  you  want  it 
bad  enough,  it  can  be  done!” 

Story  by  J02  Lori  Moore, 
public  affairs  office,  Naval 
Station  Pearl  Harbor. 

lodge  is  one  block  from  the 
Atlantic  Ocean. 

The  50-room  Navy  Lodge 
offers  rooms  with  queen-sized 
beds  and  two  double  beds. 

There  are  also  business  suites 
and  handicapped  rooms  avail- 
able. All  rooms  have  fully 
equipped  kitchenettes  with 
microwave  ovens,  coffee 
makers  and  toasters. 

The  new  lodge  offers  many 
special  amenities  including 
color  TV/cable/video  cassette 
players,  hair  dryers,  cribs,  video 
tape  rentals,  laundry  facilities 
and  a children’s  play  area. 

The  lake  is  stocked  and 
ready  for  fishing  and  the  front 

continued  on  page  12 

AUGUST  1998 


round  the  Fleet 

continued  from  page  1 1 

desk  can  help  with  obtaining 
a fishing  license. 

Navy  Lodge  reservations 
are  accepted  up  to  60  days  in 
advance  for  active-duty  per- 
sonnel in  a leave  status  and 
anytime  for  active-duty  on 
permanent  change  of  station 
(PCS)  orders.  Retired  person- 
nel, reservists,  DOD  personnel 
and  official  guests  of  the 
command  can  make  reserva- 
tions up  to  30  days  in  advance. 

Reservations  are  held  until 
6 p.m.,  unless  guaranteed 
with  a credit  card.  Registered 
guests  cannot  be  bumped  to 
accommodate  other  guests. 

To  make  a reservation  or 
to  get  a copy  of  the  Navy 
Lodge  worldwide  directory, 
call  1 -800-NAVY-INN. 

Story  by  Navy  Exchange 
Command  Public  Affairs. 


While  skydiving  one 
day  in  1974,  Angus 
H.  Rupert  came  to 
the  realization  that  the  human 
body  can  collect  a tremendous 
amount  of  information  through 
the  skin.  Because  Rupert  also 
flew  planes  - when  he  wasn’t 
jumping  out  of  them  - he  was 
immediately  taken  by  the  idea 
of  creating  a system  of  non- 
verbal communication  in  the 
field  of  aviation  - a system  that 
could  somehow  transmit  infor- 
mation to  pilots  by  exploiting 
their  sense  of  touch. 

But  it  wasn’t  until  10  years 
later,  when  he  reported  to  the 
Naval  Aerospace  Medical 
Research  Center  in  Pensacola, 
Fla.,  that  his  idea  began  to  take 
shape  - that  shape  is  now 
known  as  the  Tactile  Situational 
Awareness  System  (TSAS). 

TSAS  consists  of  a matrix  of 


Imagine  leaving  work  to  visit 
a doctor  180  miles  away  and 
returning  an  hour-and-a- 
half  later. 

Not  possible? 

It  was  made  possible  for 
Steel  Worker  2nd  Class  Travis 
Schellpeper  of  the  31st  Naval 
Construction  Regiment  at 
Naval  Construction  Battalion 
Center,  Port  Hueneme,  Calif., 
by  a managed  care  telemedicine 
demonstration  program 
sponsored  by  the  Office  of  the 
Lead  Agent,  TRICARE 
Southern  California. 

Schellpeper  was  suffering 
from  an  inner-ear  injury  that 
his  primary  care  doctor,  LT 
(Dr.)  Chris  Graves,  was  unable 
to  diagnose.  Graves  referred 
Schellpeper  to  CAPT  (Dr.) 
Darrell  Hunsaker,  an  ear,  nose 
and  throat  (ENT)  specialist  at 

tactors  (small  sensors)  fitted 
into  an  existing  piece  of 
apparel,  such  as  a pilot’s  cooling 
vest.  The  tactors  emit  a series  of 
stimuli  based  on  information 
gathered  by  a small,  portable 
computer  from  aircraft  sensors 
monitoring  attitude,  velocity, 
altitude,  etc.  This  data  is 
converted,  through  a series  of 
algorithms,  into  information 
that  is  presented  as  a series  of 
vibrations  and  electrical 
impulses,  to  the  wearer. 

For  example,  in  reacting  to 
the  pitch  and  roll  of  an 
aircraft,  the  tactors  apply 
stimuli  to  different  parts  of  the 
wearer’s  torso  as  a continuous 
reminder  of  which  direction  is 
“down.”  Because  of  the  multi- 
tude of  conditions  in  which 
pilots  are  required  to  fly, 
disorientation  can  be  a 
common  hazard,  making  the 
need  for  TSAS  obvious. 

Naval  Medical  Center  San  Diego. 

But  Schellpeper  never  left 
Port  Hueneme.  He  visited 
Hunsaker  via  computer  and 
received  the  same  quality  care  as 
if  he  had  made  the  360-mile 
round  trip. 

According  to  Lt.  Col.  Alton 
Powell,  III,  USAF,  a flight 
surgeon  who  coordinates  the 
telemedicine  program,  “We’re 
going  to  change  the  way  health 
care  is  delivered  in  DOD.  And 
we’re  going  to  do  it  by  applying 
off-the-shelf,  state-of-the-market 
technology  to  proven  medical 
processes  at  a substantial  savings 

HM3  John  Mulroy  uses  an  otoscope 
to  probe  SW2  Travis  Schellpeper's  ear 
in  Port  Hueneme  ...  while  CAPT  (Dr.) 
Darrell  Hunsaker  examines  the  inside 
of  his  ear  via  computer  in  San  Diego. 

“The  key  to  the  system  is 
that  this  information  is  very 
intuitive,”  explained  Rupert. 
“The  pilot  does  not  have  to 
think  about  what  they  are  doing 
by  looking  at  a visual  instru- 
ment, they  can  react  to  what 
they  feel.” 

As  Rupert  was  developing 
TSAS,  he  discovered  that  the 
system  had  applications 
beyond  the  aviation  commu- 
nity. Navy  divers,  SEAL  teams, 
and  Explosive  Ordinance 
Disposal  (EOD)  teams  can  also 
benefit  from  the  awareness 
TSAS  provides. 

“One  of  the  principal 
advantages  of  the  system  is  that 
it  provides  a form  of  non- 
verbal communication  between 
the  user  and  a stationary  posi- 
tion,” said  Rupert.  “It’s 
clandestine.  It  combines  safety 
and  improves  the  performance 
of  personnel.  For  instance, 

divers  can  use  it  to  give  naviga- 
tion information  — left,  right, 
up,  down  — which  increases 
war-fighting  capability.” 

Although  it  has  yet  to  be 
attempted,  Rupert  said  the 
capability  exists  for  the  system 
to  be  set  up  for  two-way 

Fleet  use  is  still  years  away  - 
the  system  is  still  in  research 
and  development.  But,  Rupert 
has  little  doubt  of  the  system’s 
potential  for  success. 

“It  creates  an  intuitive 
man/machine  interface  that  will 
reduce  operator  workload  and 
provide  situational  awareness  in 
a more  efficient  way.” 

Story  by  JOl  Ron  Schafer,  a 
Norfolk-based  photojournalist 
assigned  to  All  Hands. 



to  the  government  and  our  telemedicine  visit  is  $20. 

beneficiaries  in  terms  of  dollars  “This  technology  is  as  good 

and  [time].”  as  being  there  in  person  when 

“Our  program  is  based  on  a it  comes  to  making  clinical 
managed-care  paradigm,”  decisions,”  said  Hunsaker. 

continued  Powell.  “The  basis  of  “The  biggest  benefit  of  the 
managed  care  is  providing  program  is  the  patient  satisfac- 

medical  treatment  by  the  right  tion,”  said  Graves.  “They  feel 
provider  at  the  right  time.  like  the/ ve  gotten  as  good,  if 

Telemedicine  [uses]  technology  not  better,  care  without  having 
to  deliver  the  right  care  at  the  to  drive.” 
right  time.”  Patients  involved  with  the 

The  TRICARE  telemedicine  program  were  enthusiastic 

program  will  eventually  apply  about  the  possibilities.  “I  saw  no 
to  several  different  specialties.  difference  in  quality,”  said  one, 
But  for  now  the  program  is  “except  that  I was  assured  my 

focusing  only  on  ENT  referrals  problem  was  genuinely  consid- 
in  order  to  collect  data  that  will  ered  by  multiple  specialists.  This 
serve  to  illustrate  the  true  cost  made  me  feel  good.  The  Navy 
and  time  savings  to  patients  needs  to  expand  this  concept.” 

and  the  government.  Based  on  “It’s  an  outstanding 

data  collected  so  far,  Powell  esti-  program,”  agreed  Schellpeper. 
mates  that  by  the  end  of  the  “It  saved  me  a trip  to  San  Diego 

nine-month  experimental  and  at  least  a full  day  of  work.” 

period,  the  program  will  have 

saved,  on  average,  $240  in  travel  Story  and  photos  provided  by 

costs  and  14  hours  in  travel  and  LT  Rick  Haupt,  public  affairs 

processing  time  per  patient.  The  officer , TRICARE 

communication  cost  for  a Region  9,  San  Diego. 

Holographic  Hornets 

oeing  recently  installed  the  first  Carrier-based  Weapons  System 
Trainer  (CV-WST)  on  board  USS  Independence  (CV  62)  to 
help  pilots  from  Carrier  Air  Wing  5 (CVW-5)  practice  flying 
the  F/A-18  in  a variety  of  scenarios.  The  simulator  has  only  been  in 
use  since  January  and  is  already  a big  hit. 

“The  best  benefit  is  maintaining  and  sustaining  aircrew  readi- 
ness,” said  LCDR  Bryan  Kust,  operations  officer  for  CVW-5,  who  has 
flown  the  simulator  twice.  “Particularly  in  simulating  high-threat 
environments  and  fourth  generation  fighters.  The  visual  presenta- 
tion is  very  realistic.” 

The  CV-WST  is  used  for  Naval  Air  Training  and  Operating 
Procedures  Standardization  (NATOPS)  checks,  normal  emergency 
procedures  and  other  flight  ops.  It  also  simulates  weather  conditions 
and  enemy  threats. 

Although  the  simulator  is  primarily  for  pilots,  it  can  be  used  by  a 
variety  of  aviation  rates.  Aircraft  mechanics  can  simulate  engine  fires 
and  other  contingency  situations. 

In  the  past,  “training  was  held  on  static  displays,”  said  Kust. 

“Now,  mechanics  can  get  more  of  an  interactive  type  training.” 

Crash  and  salvage  personnel  are  currently  looking  for  ways  to  use 
the  CV-WST  as  well. 

Story  by  J02  Henry  W.  Rice, 

public  affairs  office,  USS  Independence  (CV  62). 

Photos  by  PHAN  Chris  Howell 

(top)  The  flight  simulator  allows  pilots  like  LCDR  Bryan  Kust 
from  Pennington,  N.J.,  more  time  to  train  even  though  he's- 
forward  deployed  to  the  Arabian  Gulf  in  support  of  Operation 
Southern  Watch.  ? • 

(bottom)  Kust  gets  ready  to  begin  a training  . session  in  an 
F/A-18  Hornet  flight  simuJatpr  aboard  USS  Independence  (CV  62). 

AUGUST  1998 




By  Jeffrey  L.  Benson 

What’s  your  image  of  a mast?  A long  pole  rising  from 
the  deck  of  a cutter  with  sails  unfurled?  A tall, 
slender,  vertical  structure  covered  from  top  to 
bottom  with  flags,  yardarms,  ladders,  radar  antennas 
and  communications  equipment?  Well,  it  doesn’t 
matter.  Because  the  Advanced  Enclosed  Mast  and  Sensor 
(AEM/S)  System  is  unlike  any  other  mast  you’ve  ever  seen.  In 
fact,  it  doesn’t  look  like  a mast  at  all. 

The  AEM/S  System,  a bi-pyramidal,  hexagonal  structure 
made  of  an  advanced,  hybrid-composite  material,  looks  like 
something  straight  out  of  science  fiction.  All  antennas  and 
equipment  are  enclosed,  some  are  even  embedded  in  the  struc- 
ture itself,  giving  it  a smooth,  sleek,  21st  century  look. 

The  mast  was  designed  and  built  by  an  Integrated  Process 
Team,  known  as  the  “MASTers,”  made  up  of  technical  experts 
from  Navy  activities  and  private  industry  nationwide. 

Last  year,  the  AEM/S  System  was  installed  aboard  the 
Spruance- class  destroyer  USS  Arthur  W.  Radford  (DD  968), 
replacing  her  conventional  main  mast  and  beginning  the 
demonstration  phase  of  the  Advanced  Technology 
Demonstration  (ATD)  for  the  AEM/S  System. 

Radford’s  Sailors  will  provide  the  MASTers  - and  the  fleet  - 
with  crucial  feedback  on  the  system’s  warfighting  capabilities. 

Concept  Description: 

■ Large  Composite  Structure 
holds  lighting  rod,  TACON  antenn 
integrated  communications 
(UHF,  VHF,  IFF)  antenna,  IFF 
Antenna,  SPS40  Antenna. 

■ Advanced  trunk  composite 
exterior  is  made  up  of  a five-layer 
sandwich  of  PVC  foam  and  circuit 
boards  that  provide  structural 
integrity  while  allowing  radarwaves 
to  pass  through. 


■ USS  Radford  (DD  968)  and 
the  new  Advanced  Enclosed 
Mast/Sensor  System. 

■ ET1  Pat  Jensen  and  ET1 
Ron  Stewart  perform  PMS 
on  the  SPS-40  antenna  loft 
inside  the  mast,  45  feet 
above  the  03  deck,  without 
regard  to  wind,  sun  or  rain. 

Benson  is  a manager  of  the  AEM/S  System  ATD,  Naval  Surface 
Warfare  Center,  Carderock  Division. 

A revolutionary  concept  in  mast  design, 
the  new  AEM/S  System  will  greatly  enhance 
the  surface  fleet’s  tactical  capabilities.  By 
allowing  a clearer  view  of  the  horizon,  the 
system  will  eliminate  false  targets  associated 
with  metallic  mast  protrusions  and  solve 
interference  problems  that  often  affect  the 
performance  of  conventional  ship  sensors 
and  radar.  This  will  allow  warfighters  to 
engage  threats  earlier  - and  with  greater 
accuracy.  In  fact,  Radford’s  Sailors  anticipate 
significant  improvements  in  her  surface-to- 
air  missile  system  effectiveness. 

Because  it  is  an  enclosed  structure 
composed  of  advanced-composite,  specially- 
coated  materials,  the  AEM/S  System  will 
significantly  reduce  the  ship’s  radar  signature, 
while  protecting  radar  and  communication 
equipment  from  the  weather  - greatly 
reducing  repair  frequency,  maintenance 
costs  and  risk  of  failure. 

And  enhancing  crew  safety. 

“You  don’t  have  to  worry  about  wind  or  weather.  You  can  do 
maintenance  anytime,”  said  Electronics  Technician  2nd  Class 
Ronald  Stewart,  supervisor  of  the  radar  maintenance  on  board 
Radford.  “Because  you’re  standing  on  a solid  deck,  you  will  be 
better  able  to  concentrate.  You  will  be  safe  and  able  to  do  your 
job  more  efficiently.” 

Radford’s  crew  continues  to  sail  beneath  the  shadow  of  this 
radically  restructured  mast,  evaluating  and  testing  the  system 
and  its  impact  on  such  things  as  maintenance,  ship  handling 
and  helo  operations.  “We  tried  our  best  to  shake  it  off  and  we 
couldn’t,”  said  CDR  Kurt  W.  Tidd,  the  ship’s  commanding 
officer.  “It’s  going  to  stay  there  forever.” 

By  J01  Ron  Schafer 

A Navy  ship  can  be  a dangerous  place. 

When  a fire  breaks  out  on  board  ship, 
there  is  nowhere  to  run  — nowhere  to 
hide.  The  choice:  put  out  the  fire  or  bum. 
Sailors  spend  hours  upon  hours  training 
for  that  day,  hoping  it  will  never  come  — 
running  drill  after  drill  after  drill. 

But  drills  aren’t  anything  like  the  real  thing.  Sailors,  particularly  those 
aboard  aircraft  carriers,  rarely  have  the  opportunity  to  train  for  fire- 
fighting evolutions  against  the  real  enemy.  Because  hydrocarbon 
fuels  are  environmentally  unsound  and  expensive,  Sailors 
are  forced  to  simulate  fire  aboard  ship  - but  maybe  not 
for  much  longer.  - 

Meet  MAFFTD,  or  the  Mobile  Aircraft  Fire  , 

Fighting  Training  Device.  After  years  of  frus- 
trating  attempts  to  develop  a way  to  train 
firefighters  at  sea,  officials  at  Commander, 

Naval  Air  Force  U.S.  Atlantic  Fleet 

(COMNAVAIRLANT)  saw  ' ’ 

AUGUST  1998 


A fire  fighter  pulls  a hose  into  the 
Portable  Aircraft  Fire  Trainer  during 
training  at  Naval  Station  Mayport, 
Fla.  The  unit  is  part  of  the  Aircraft 
Fire  Fighting  Unit  from  Norfolk. 

the  potential  for  a portable,  reusable 
system  that  could  be  used  on  the 
deck  of  an  aircraft  carrier  or  at  shore 
installations  to  provide  realistic  scenarios 
for  training.  Late  last  year,  they  found 
one  - MAFFTD. 

MAFFTD  burns  propane,  a clean- 
burning fuel  that  meets  all  EPA  criteria, 
and  requires  no  containment  area.  Those 
features  also  make  it  far  less  expensive  to 
operate  and  maintain. 

“We  found  that  with  this  system  we 
can  have  an  unlimited  number  of 
scenarios,”  said  Clarence  A.  Rout,  Fire 
Marshall,  Naval  Facilities  Engineering 
Command  (Atlantic  Division).  “With  the 
old  system,  we  just  dumped  fuel  out  on 
the  ground  and  lit  if  off.  It  made  one  big 
fire  and  we  put  it  out.” 

“MAFFTD  gives  you  more  realistic 
training  because  you  can  have  engine 
fires,  smoked-up  cockpits,  cargo  fires, 
fires  on  both  sides  of  the  fuselage,  what- 
ever you  want.  Or  you  can  just  smoke 
the  unit  up  - which  gives  you  the  oppor- 

tunity to  train  on  the  self-contained 
breathing  apparatus  (SCBA).” 

MAFFTD  can  be  configured  to 
resemble  different  types  of  aircraft. 
Putting  it  on  board  ship  gives  fire 
fighters  the  opportunity  to  use  their  own 
gear,  in  their  own  environment,  facing 
actual  flames.  The  realism  it  creates  is 

“They’re  going  to  be  ready,”  said  Bud 
Williams,  Training  Chief,  Naval  Station 
Norfolk  Fire  Department.  “We  saw  it  last 
year  when  we  went  on  the  ship.  You 
could  see  it  in  their  faces.  They  know 
how  their  equipment  works.  They  have 
confidence  in  themselves.  They’re  not  at 
another  place  using  somebody  else’s 

Last  year,  a similar  unit  was  used  for  a 
crash  and  salvage  training  competition 
between  Norfolk-based  ships  including 
USS  Dwight  D.  Eisenhower  (CVN  69) 
and  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74).  The 
response  from  firefighters  who  partici- 
pated was  overwhelming. 

“It’s  state-of-the-art,”  said  Aviation 
Boatswain’s  Mate  (Aircraft  Handling) 

3rd  Class  Henry  B.  Burns,  stationed 
aboard  Ike.  “You  have  actual  fire-fighting 
situations  inside  the  aircraft.  It  gives  you 
a look  at  what  you  would  really  see  if 
something  happened  out  at  sea.  You 
actually  got  to  get  into  the  aircraft  and 
fight  the  fire  while  you  were  inside.” 

Continued  on  page  20 


The  Portable  Aircraft  Fire 
Trainer  at  Naval  Station 
Mayport,  Fla.  The  unit  is  a 
burnable,  reusable  mock-up 
of  an  aircraft. 

USS  Mclnerny  (FFG  8)  Engineering 
Duty  Officer,  CW02  Ferguson  of 
Blackville,  S.C.,  plots  information 
given  to  him  by  phone  talker  FC1 
Deegan  of  Barberton,  Ohio. 


Sometimes  the  most  difficult  problem  can 
have  the  simplest  of  solutions.  That  was 
certainly  true  for  Electronics  Technician 
2nd  Class  Michael  Cigala  of  USS  Carl 
Vinson  (CVN  70).  Cigala  needed  just  five 
minutes  to  solve  a problem  that  had  been 
dogging  air  traffic  controllers  for  years. 

ET2  Michael  Cigala  “rigs”  another  gas  mask  for 
use  in  Carl  Vinson’s  air  traffic  control  center.  It  took 
Cigala  just  five  minutes  to  find  a way  to  integrate  a 
boom-type  microphone  with  the  standard  MCU2P 
gas  mask  used  in  the  ship’s  CBR  drills. 

“There  are  no  designs  for  gas  masks  to 
be  used  with  our  boom  headsets,”  said  Air 
Traffic  Controller  1 st  Class  Thomas 
Schrock.  “The  controller  has  to  literally  yell 
through  the  mask  to  talk  to  the  aircraft, 
while  holding  the  boom  up  to  the  mask, 
and  hope  the  pilot  can  understand.” 

Data  Systems  Technician  Senior  Chief 
(SW)  Nicholas  Potter,  leading  chief  for  Carl 
Vinson’s  combat  systems,  first  recognized 
the  seriousness  of  the  situation  during  a 
general  quarters  drill. 

“I  was  walking  around  while  we  were  at 
MOPP  (Mission-oriented  Protective 
Posture)  Level  4 and  everyone  had  a gas 
mask  on,”  Potter  said.  “But  in  air  traffic 
control  some  Sailors  weren’t  wearing  their 
masks.  1 asked  ‘Why?’  and  they  explained 
that  they  were  talking  to  aircraft  on  live 
circuits  and  that  they  just  couldn’t  do  it 
safely  with  their  masks  on.” 

MOPP  4 is  the  highest  state  of  readi- 
ness for  chemical,  biological  or 
radiological  warfare  and  requires  all  hands 
to  take  protective  measures.  These 
measures  include  the  wearing  of  gas 
masks.  For  the  air  traffic  controllers,  the 
choice  is  not  easy:  personal  safety  or 
taking  care  of  aircrews. 

“It’s  a deadly  situation,”  said  Air  Traffic 
Controller  1 st  Class  (AW)  Jesse  Box. 

The  problem  needed  a solution.  So 

Potter  challenged  Cigala  to  find  one.  After 
analyzing  the  situation  for  a little  more 
than  five  minutes,  Cigala  came  up  with  the 
answer.  He  opened  up  the  handset  portion 
of  the  headset  device  and  soldered  the 
microphone  audio  wire  ends,  then  ran 
them  to  the  front  of  the  gas  mask.  With  a 
borrowed  microphone  installed  in  the 
mask,  the  new  system  was  ready  to  be 
“op  tested.”  It  was  as  simple  as  that. 

“It  was  neat  when  Cigala  brought  the 
first  prototype  over,”  said  Schrock.  “This 
thing  looked  prehistoric  but  it  worked.” 
“With  the  new  modification,  air  traffic 
controllers  will  be  able  to  speak  normally 
to  aircraft  in  the  air,”  said  Air  Traffic 
Controller  Chief  (AW)  Bob  Kaetterhenry. 
“The  wire  jack  is  real  handy.  We  don’t 
have  to  change  headsets  in  the  process  of 
putting  on  the  mask.” 

Cigala  received  $2,500  for  the  innova- 
tion as  part  of  the  Navy’s  Beneficial 
Suggestion  Program.  After  the  idea  moves 
through  the  chain-of-command,  field 
change  instructions  could  be  issued  to  the 
fleet,  giving  Cigala’s  invention  legs  that 
could  take  it  around  the  fleet. 

Story  by  USS  Carl  Vinson  (CVN  70) 

Public  Affairs. 

Sailors  battle  a fire 
started  by  MAFFTD. 

Continued  from  page  18 

“Having  hands-on  experience  with 
actual  fire  just  doesn’t  compare  to  what 
we  used  to  do,”  explained  Aviation 
Boatswain’s  Mate  (Aircraft  Handling) 

3rd  Class  David  W.  Musgrave,  also 
stationed  aboard  Ike.  “Most  of  the  time, 
crews  never  really  see  a fire.  They  train 
with  an  invisible  fire.  The  difference 
between  using  a hose  that’s  not  filled 
with  water  and  nothing  going  on  around 
you  and  having  this  thing  that’s  on  fire  - 
it’s  hot,  you’ve  got  a 250-pound  hose 
you’re  spraying  water  with  - it  lets  you 
see  every  aspect  of  the  fire  around  you.  It 
makes  a big  difference.  You’ll  never  know 

Schafer  is  a Norfolk-based  photojournalist 

Rout  added  that  fire  fighters  are  not  the 
only  ones  who  will  benefit  from  having 
MAFFTD  on  board.  The  entire  damage 
control  team  will  be  able  to  get  involved. 

“It  gives  ships  the  opportunity  to 
bring  up  their  repair  parties  and  actually 
give  them  something  to  work  with,”  said 
Rout.  “So,  it  involves  others  on  the  ship 
to  where  they  can  really  run  an  exercise 
and  not  just  simulate  everything.” 

The  current  plan  calls  for  the  Navy  to 
purchase  at  least  12  MAFFTD  units  and 
to  disperse  them  regionally  in  order  to 
provide  access  to  as  many  units  as 
possible.  The  first  MAFFTD  should  be 
available  to  Norfolk-area  ships  as  early  as 
this  fall.  According  to  Williams,  the  fleet 
will  welcome  the  opportunity  to  train 
using  MAFFTD. 

“The  realism  is  the  biggest  thing. 

To  quote  one  fire-fighter  I talked  to,  'We 
like  this  because  we’re  not  just  out  there 
spraying  water  on  an  open  field  or  on  a 
55-gallon  drum.  We  get  to  actually  fight 
the  demon.’  Anytime  you  can  take  a fire 
fighter  and  let  him  fight  fire,  he’s  happy.” 

The  Right  Stuff 

the  danger  unless  you  actually  see  it.” 

assigned  to  All  Hands. 

Prevention  is  the  key  to  successful  fire 
management.  But  when  fires  do  occur, 
quick  and  decisive  action  is  required  - and 
so  is  the  right  stuff. 

Aqueous  Film  Forming  Foam  (AFFF) 
is  one  of  the  most  effective  fire-fighting 
agents,  but  its  use  is  often  restricted  due 
to  environmental  concerns.  That’s  because 
when  AFFF  is  used,  thousands  of  gallons 
of  wastewater  are  generated.  So  how  do 
you  test  equipment  and  run  drills  without 
using  AFFF?  By  using  the  No-Foam  Kit. 

The  kit  uses  a biodegradable  and 
environmentally  benign  water-based  dye 
solution  - instead  of  AFFF  - during  drills. 
This  soluton  responds  just  like  AFFF  so 
firefighters  can  test  the  fire  truck’s  delivery 
system.  But,  costly  AFFF  wastewater  is 

■ i { 

The  No-Foam  Kit  is  installed  in  the 
truck’s  interior  piping.  From  the  cab  a fire- 
fighter presses  a button  to  activate  the  kit 
and  continues  with  the  normal  discharge 
procedure.  Using  a flow  sensor  installed  in 
the  truck’s  piping,  the  firefighter  can  deter- 
mine the  truck’s  AFFF  delivery  system 
performance.  If  a “real”  fire  alarm  goes  off 
during  a test,  the  firefighter  simply  deacti- 
vates the  kit  and  the  truck  is  ready  to 
respond  with  AFFF. 

Depending  on  the  vehicle,  the  kit 
reduces  AFFF  wastewater  generation  by 
500  to  1 ,500  gallons  for  a five-second  test. 
Navywide,  this  equates  to  more  than  $10 
million  in  annual  savings  or  an  estimated  $1 
million  per  installation.  The  kit  costs  about 
$7,500,  including  parts  and  installation  - it 
will  pay  for  itself  in  less  than  two  weeks. 

The  Naval  Facilities  Engineering  Service 
Center  developed  the  No-Foam  Kit,  which 
has  been  endorsed  by  the  Navy  Fire 
Marshal.  Naval  Facilities  Engineering 
Command  plans  to  convert  all  crash  fire 
rescue  trucks  to  this  dye-water  system. 

The  AFFF  dye  kit  will  also  be  integrated 
into  the  next  generation  of  shipboard 
crash/fire  rescue  systems  and  retro-fitted  to 
existing  systems.  The  kit  is  available  through 
the  U.S.  Air  Force  Manufactured  Equipment 
Evaluation  program  and  can  be  used 
throughout  DOD  and  in  the  private  sector. 

Information  provided  by  N45  Public  Affairs. 

For  more  information  on  the  No  Foam 
Kit  visit 

By  J01  Ron  Schafer 

Three  things  are  needed  to  fight  a fire:  confidence,  experience 
and  the  proper  equipment.  Sailors  train  endlessly  building 
the  first  two  elements  of  this  vital  combination,  but  there  is 
an  organization  within  the  Navy  that  is  working  just  as  hard  to 
provide  those  firefighters  with  the  final  component  - the  tools 
they  need  to  survive. 

Established  in  1987,  CINCLANTFLT’s  Non-developmental 
Items  Facility  (NDI)  plays  a critical  role  in  providing  Navy  ships 
and  Sailors  with  the  best  damage  control,  firefighting  and  safety 
equipment  on  the  market  today.  Sponsored  by  the  Secretary  of 
the  Navy’s  Office  of  Safety  and  Survivability,  they  act  as  a liaison 
between  the  fleet  and  civilian  industry,  acting  on  initiatives  to 
improve  safety. 

“A  lot  of  our  input  comes  directly  from  the  fleet,”  explained 
Master  Chief  Damage  Controlman  (SW)  Lloyd  L.  Broughton, 
director  of  the  facility.  The  Navy  holds  a damage  control  and  fire- 
fighting conference  every  year  where  problems  are  discussed 
and  solutions  reached.  “We  talk  to  Sailors.  That’s  how  we  know 
what’s  going  on  out  there,”  said  Broughton.  “We  will  also  talk  to 
vendors  about  new  equipment  and  attend  trade  shows.” 

NDI  was  developed  so  the  Navy  could  stop  re-inventing  the 
wheel,  so  to  speak.  Rather  than  incur  the  expense  of  developing 

A member  of  the  fire  team 
aboard  USS  Harry  S.  Truman 
(CVN  75).  Truman,  which 
was  commissioned  July  25, 
is  the  first  ship  to  be  outfitted 
solely  with  the  Self- 
Contained  Breathing 
Apparatus  rather  than  the 
Oxygen  Breathing  Apparatus. 

a new  piece  of  equipment,  NDI  will 
adapt  an  already  existing  product 
from  the  civilian  sector. 

For  example,  NDI  will  purchase  a 
piece  of  gear  and  conduct  a pre- 
assessment of  the  item.  If  the  equipment  meets  their 
specifications,  they  will  send  it  to  a Navy  platform  (ship  or 
station)  for  a quality  assessment. 

“We  will  never  make  a decision,  at  this  level,  to  put  something 
out  in  the  fleet,”  said  Broughton.  “The  fleet  will  say  ‘we  like  it’  or 
‘we  don’t.’  If  they  say  they  don’t  like  it,  that’s  the  end  of  the  story.” 

NDI  will  then  provide  the  manufacturer  with  both  the  positive 
and  negative  feedback  it  receives  from  the  fleet.  The  manufacturer 
can  then  improve  the  existing  product  or  come  up  with  a new  one. 

Getting  a chance  to  work  with  new  equipment  is  something 
that  excites  sailors  aboard  the  Navy’s  newest  amphibious 
warship,  USS  Bataan  (LHD  5). 

“It  gives  us  an  opportunity  to  get  our  hands  on  the  newest  gear 
that’s  out  there,”  said  Hull  Technician  2nd  Class  (SW)  Christopher 
S.  Thompson.  “We  can  get  rid  of  some  of  the  old,  antiquated  gear 
we  have.  It  increases  morale  - when  you  get  new  equipment, 
people  are  excited  to  do  their  job,  especially  when  they  know  they 
have  the  latest  and  greatest  that’s  on  the  market.” 

NDI  has  evaluated  hundreds  of  products  over  the  past  ten 
years  from  flash  gloves  and  fire-fighting  helmets  to  the  RAM  Fan 
2000  and  the  Self-Contained  Breathing  Apparatus  (SCBA).  The 
best  part  of  the  program,  according  to  Broughton,  is  that  Sailors 
get  to  assess  the  gear. 

The  bottom  line:  NDI  promotes  readiness  and  quality  of  life 
for  Navy  Sailors.  “If  you’re  not  having  accidents,  you’re  not 
losing  the  materials  or  the  people,”  said  Fred  Crowson,  technical 
director  for  the  Secretary  of  the  Navy’s  Office  of  Safety  and 
Survivability. “You’re  better  equipped  to  deal  with  any  situation. 

It’s  also  a quality-of-life  issue,  if  you  can  do  the  job  easier  and 
better  out  there,  it  makes  it  easier  for  the  Sailor  to  come  to  that 
ship  every  day.” 

Schafer  is  a Norfolk-based  photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

NAS  Patuxent  River,  M<±,  is  to  bring  the 
“fleet  view”  into  the  design  of  the  new 
strike  fighter. 

“All  the  chiefs  and  petty  officers  we 
have  here  are  experienced,”  said  Chief 
Aviation  Machinist’s  Mate  (AW)  Tony 
Rush.  “We  constantly  pull  data  from  the 
fleet  side  of  the  house.  With  that  informa- 
tion we  work  with  the  manufacturer  to 
make  the  aircraft  better.” 

With  the  Navy  team  intertwined  with 
that  of  Boeing,  Northrop  Grumman  and 
other  subcontractors,  the  Super  Hornet  can 
be  put  to  the  test  without  the  need  for 
costly  and  time-consuming  duplication. 

As  the  F/A-18  E/F  progressed  from  the 
drawing  boards  and  design  computers  to 
initial  full-fledged  test  aircraft,  these 
Sailors  have  been  there  to  look  for  flaws  in 
the  design  which  before  might  not  be 
found  until  much  later  in  the  process. 

“We  try  to  catch  deficiencies  on  the 
aircraft  that  could  give  the  fleet  a problem, 
said  Chief  Aviation  Ordnanceman  (AW) 
Gerald  Gladders.  “We  have  the  upper  hand 
here  to  make  changes  before  the  aircraft 
goes  into  full  production.” 

“Last  night  is  an  example,”  said  Woell. 
“We  were  out  here  trying  to  do  an  engine 
wash  for  the  first  time.  The  engineers’  set 
up  wasn’t  correct  so  we  made  an  on-the- 
spot  adjustment.  Now  it  works  fine.  This  is 
the  type  of  change  we  can  affect  right  here, 
right  now.” 

What  might  seem  a small  change  can 
have  a significant  impact  in  the  long  term. 
For  instance,  the  team  changed  the  screw 
heads  on  all  aircraft  fasteners  to  eliminate 
slippage  problems  for  maintenance 
personnel  in  the  fleet. 

“That’s  just  a basic  improvement,”  said 
Woell,  “but  in  the  day-to-day  life  of  Sailors 
on  the  carriers,  it  helps  a lot.” 

Innovation  is  often  thought  of  in 
terms  of  new  technology  and  equipment. 
Sometimes  it  is  just  doing  things  in 
a different  - and  better  - way.  The  F/A- 18 
E/F  Integrated  Test  Team  isproving 
just  that. 

The  creation  of  a new  aircraft 
can  be  a slow  and  agonizingly 
tedious  process.  Once  the 
initial  requirements  are 
established,  a series  of  contrac- 
tors will  propose  designs  to 
meet  those  requirements  and  the  bartering 
will  begin  - each  one  promising  to  do  it 
better,  faster  and  cheaper.  This  usually 
involves  fly-offs  and  competitions,  as 
each  contractor  tries  to  sell  the  Navy 
on  its  design. 

When  the  Navy  is  confident  that  it  has 
found  the  company  or  companies  that  will 
build  all  or  part  of  the  final  aircraft  (one 
contractor  may  build  the  airframe  while 
another  designs  the  interior  electronic 
equipment),  more  details  are  provided 
and  the  aircraft  goes  into  production. 

Once  a prototype  has  been  developed, 
the  contractor(s)  will  test  the  avionics, 
airframe,  engine  and  other  systems. 

“V  Each  time,  the  test  results  are 

. turned  over  to  Navy  experts  to 
V***  s ' ' rcv*cw-  Volumes  of  data  will 
,1 T be  collected  over  a course  of 

_>  a (what  can  sometimes  be) 
years.  The  plane  is  then 
H turned  over  to  the  Navy 
-■  and  the  process  starts  all 

over  again  as  Navy  engi- 
.54  neers  conduct  duplicate  tests 
and  compare  the  results. 

There  has  to  be  a better  way. 

With  the  F/A-18  E/F  Super 
Hornet,  the  Navy  has  found  it. 

From  the  beginning,  contractors  and 
subcontractors  have  been  joined  by  a 
group  of  Sailors  to  form  the  Super  Hornet 
Integrated  Test  Team  (ITT).  The  purpose: 
to  make  sure  the  Super  Hornet  is  fleet- 
ready  - and  to  make  it  that  way  faster  and 
more  efficiently  than  any  other  military 
aircraft  in  history. 

“I  think  that  once  this  aircraft  gets  out 
to  the  fleet,”  said  Chief  Aviation 
Electronics  Technician  (AW)  Jeffrey  J. 

Woell,  “Sailors  will  be  really  pleased  with 
it,  especially  the  maintainers.” 

Woell  is  one  of  the  senior  Navy  and 
Marine  Corps  aircraft  maintainers  who  Compiled  by  JOCS  Steve  Burghardt  and 

serve  as  part  of  the  ITT.  Their  presence  at  PHI  Jim  Hampshire,  All  Hands. 

Photo  by  P H 2 Ted 

A Navy  SEAL  ei 
surf  and  prepai 
message  using 
of-detection  trc 
provides  real-ti 
and  pinpoint  lo 
on  SEAL  operal 
combatant  con 

A Navy  SEAL  performs  live  fire  training 
during  an  evening  exercise  in  an  abandoned 
sandpit  in  the  Federation  of  Bosnia. 

Beneath  the  cover  of  a moonless  night, 
a solitary,  silent  figure  crawls  face- 
down through  the  darkness,  moving 
slowly -almost  imperceptibly  - through 
the  brush.  He  stops  at  the  sound  of 
voices  somewhere  in  the  distance.  He 
raises  his  weapon  from  the  forest  floor 
and  rests  it  gently  on  his  upturned 
palm  as  he  lowers  his  eye  to  the  sight 

y JOl  Robert  Benson 

and  digs  his  elbows  into  the  dirt  forming  a makeshift  tripod, 
wo  hundred  yards  away,  a pair  of  border  sentries  stand  their 
©si  in  a green  haze  as  the  lens  floods  the  bridge  with  light, 
turning  night  into  day.  He  closes  his  left  eye  as  the  muscles  of 
Js  right  index  finger  twitch  and  contract.  Once  ...  and  then 
again  ...  and  again  - the  shutter  of  his  SOOMM  night  vision 
telephoto  lens  snapping  together  in  the  blink  of  an  eye. 

AUGUST  1998 


Whether  lining  up  a target  in  the  cross 
hairs  of  a long-range,  high-powered, 
sniper  rifle,  or  in  the  lens  of  a 
waterproof,  digital  camera, 
Navy  SEALs  never  miss. 

Ihe  SEAL’s  digital  surveillance  camera 
stores  the  images  electronically  for  a 
satellite  uplink  via  laptop  computer. 
Ten  minutes  later  the  images  are 
received  via  a classified  internet  on 
board  USS  Coronado  (AGF  11)  where 
they  are  uploaded  to  an  F/A-18  already  in 
flight.  A bomb  is  dropped  and  the  bridge 
is  destroyed.  Thirty  minutes  after  having 
taken  the  original  photos,  the  SEAL  is 
now  capturing  images  for  use  in  battle 
damage  assessment. 

The  above  is  only  a scenario,  but  the 
technology  is  real.  Night  vision  goggles, 
laser  pointers,  mouth  mikes,  infrared 
scopes,  laptop  computers,  digital  cameras, 
portable  sat  corns  - only  a few  of  the 
many  weapons  a SEAL  has  at  his  disposal. 

“The  ultimate  weapon  is  the  SEAL 
himself,”  said  LCDR  Roger  Herbert, 
executive  officer  of  SEAL  Delivery 
Vehicle  Team  TWO  in  Little  Creek,  Va. 
“But  we  are  always  looking  for  advance- 
ments in  technology  that  will  enhance 
the  human  dimension.  That’s  what  we 
focus  on  - using  technology  to  build 
better-equipped,  more-capable  warriors.” 
That  new  technology  was  demon- 
strated last  August  during  a training 
exercise  in  San  Diego  called  Fleet  Battle 
Experiment  BRAVO.  SEAL  forces  were 

"Die  ultimate  weapon  is  Die  SERL  himself." 

tasked  with  photographing  a target  - in 
this  case,  a bridge  - and  relaying  target 
information  back  to  battle  group 
commanders  quickly  and  accurately. 

SEALs  photographed  the  bridge, 
stored  the  images  on  a laptop  computer 
and  then  sent  the  pictures  via  an 
AN/PSC-10  radio  to  decision  makers. 
The  AN/PSC-10  is  a tactical  satellite 
communications  radio  used  worldwide 
by  SEAL  operational  elements.  It  is 
coupled  to  a high-speed,  hardened, 
Pentium  computer  that  can  process  large 
amounts  of  data  and  imagery  files  for 
rapid  relay  via  satellite  links.  The  whole 
apparatus  is  no  larger  than  a briefcase. 

After  the  battle  group  commanders 
received  the  images,  they  were  posted 

America’s  preeminent  maritime  special 
operations  force,  Navy  SEALs  are  renowned 
for  their  skills,  both  in,  on  and  under  the 
water.  Operating  as  small  elements  in  a 
clandestine  fashion,  SEALs  help  shape  the 
battlefield  environment  long  before  the 
arrival  of  conventional  forces. 

- A, 

AUGUST  1998 


"...That's  what  we  foci 

-'■■I-*'  s f 


Members  of  SEAL  Team  TWO 
conduct  SEAL  Delivery  Vehicle 
(SDV)  training  in  the  Caribbean. 

\ *‘356 

\ ^ 

\ V cS 

The  SEALs’  growing  arsenal  of  : 

high-tech  weaponry  includes 
waterproof,  digital  cameras,  which  ^ 

can  be  used  when  executing  two 
of  the  SEALs’  primary  mission  ^ 

areas  - special  reconnaissance 
and  intelligence  gathering.  ■ 

- ‘ W'Hikon 

on  the  SIPRNET,  a classified  internet. 
From  there,  Coronado  pulled  the  images 
and  uploaded  them  to  a Hornet  pilot, 
who  studied  the  images  and  completed 
the  mission. 

The  whole  process  took  a little  more 
than  a half  hour.  Without  the  photo 
and  transmission  technology,  it  would 
have  taken  days. 

“The  experiment  showed  that  we 
can  increase  the  speed  of  command,” 
said  Frank  Clark,  research,  development, 
testing  and  evaluation  department  head 
at  Naval  Special  Warfare  Group  ONE  in 
San  Diego.  “We  can  now  better  facilitate 
the  delivery  of  smart  weapons  through 
technology.  SEALs  have  always  been 
renowned  for  rapid  response  - and  for 
being  the  operation  commander’s  eyes 
and  ears.  Nothing  equals  a man-on-the 
scene,  and  thanks  to  technology  available 
right  now,  we’re  marrying- up  the  man- 
on-the-scene  with  the  decision  makers. 
That’s  exactly  what  we  did  in  this 
exercise.  The  technology  works.” 

Many  of  the  innovations  now  being 
employed  by  the  SEAL  community  are 
the  direct  result  of  a West  Coast  Navy 
initiative  called  Quantum  Leap,  which 
Clark  oversees. 

“Quantum  Leap  is  an  effort  we’re 
doing  in-house  at  Special  Warfare  Group 
ONE  to  take  advantage  of  emerging 

Photo  by  PHI 

n - using  technology  lo  build  belter-equipped,  more-capable  warriors." 

Benson  is  the  assistant 
editor  for  All  Hands. 

LT  Tyrus  Lemerande  also 
contributed  to  this  story. 

A Navy  SEAL  checks 
the  accuracy  of  his 
coordinates  before 
signaling  LCACs  onto 
the  beach  during 
an  amphibious 
training  exercise. 

technologies  and  how  they  can  be 
applied  to  special  warfare,”  said  Clark. 
“We  take  commercial  off-the-shelf  tech- 
nology and  see  how  - or  if  - it  can  be 
used  by  SEALs.” 

Since  the  program’s  inception  1 8 
months  ago,  Quantum  Leap  has  drasti- 
cally improved  command  and  control 
coordination  through  the  use  of  water- 
proof, digital  cameras;  waterproof, 
image-stabilized  binoculars;  infrared 
lasers;  video,  remote-field  sensors  and 
low-probability-of-detection  tracking 
devices,  which  SEALs  wear  in  the  field. 

“Quantum  Leap  lets  us  look  for  ways 
to  stay  relevant  into  the  next  century,” 
said  Clark,  whose  role  for  the  SEALs  can 
almost  be  likened  to  James  Bond’s  “Q.” 
“We  don’t  just  want  evolutionary  tech- 
nology, we  want  technology  that  will 
allow  us  to  do  things  that  nobody  else 
can  do.  The  SEALs  are  all  about  surgical, 
measured  strikes.  The  technology  we  are 
bringing  in  supports  that.” 

On  the  East  Coast,  Herbert  agrees. 
“Right  now  SEALs  are  riding  the  crest 
of  the  high-tech  wave,  and  are  becoming 
the  21st  century  techno- warriors  from 
the  sea.  We  used  to  be  the  naked 
warriors  in  the  40s.  But  times  have  really 
changed.  It  always  amazes 
me  to  see  a crusty  old 
senior  chief  get  excited 
about  a laptop  computer. 

My  guys  have  really 
embraced  the  technology. 

They  love  it.” 

For  more  information  about 
becoming  a Navy  SEAL,  call 
1 -888-USN-SEAL  or  visit  the 
official  SEAL  website  at 


► 4 : 


-■  ■ 

hen  Commander-in-Chief  of  the  Pacific 
Fleet  ADM  Archie  Clemins  speaks,  people 
listen.  For  the  past  few  years,  Clemins  has 
been  the  driving  force  behind  Integrated 
Technology  for  the  21st  Century,  or  IT-21  - 
a program  designed  to  link  all  afloat  and  ashore  commands 
to  a single  LAN  that  can  be  used  to  exchange  classified  and 
unclassified,  tactical  and  non-tactical  real-time  information. 
Ships  throughout  the  fleet  are  now  being  outfitted  with 
computers  to  make  that  happen. 

Data  Processing  Chief  Michael  Sandell  is  supervising  the 
installation  of  more  than  300  Pentium  PCs  aboard  USS  Nassau 
(LHA  4).  “IT-21  will  replace  all  of  the  outdated  computers  on 
our  ship  and  enable  us  to  ‘share  the  wealth’  by  giving  our  ‘old’ 
computers  to  other  ships.” 

IT-21  will  eventually  link  every  computer  in  the  Navy  via 
satellite  - no  matter  where  you  are  in  the  world,  you  will  be 
able  to  communicate  - in  real-time  - with  commands  half  way 
around  the  world.  There  will  be  no  need  to  wait  for  message 
traffic.  Information  will  be  sent  electronically  - the  paper  trail 
will  essentially  disappear. 

The  tactical  advantages  of  such  a system  are  mind-boggling. 
IT-21  will  be  able  to  provide  units  with  a common  operational 
picture.  Network  centric  warfare  will  never  be  the  same. 
Battlegroup  commanders  will  be  able  to  make  tasking  decisions 
and  have  them  carried  out  almost  instantaneously. 



M A 

K E T H 

E C J 

\ L L 

Remember  the  good  old  days  when  you  would  return  from 
a long  deployment  and  your  spouse  would  greet  you 
with  a big  hug,  a warm  smile  and  an  $800  phone  bill?  Ugh! 
Well,  a new  development  in  shipboard  communications  can 
i eip  you  keep  those  costs  under  control -so  homecomings 
will  be  less  of  a shock  to  your  pocketbook. 

partnership  between  AT&T  and  Navy  Exchange 
Command  (NEXCOM)  has  developed  what  is  called  the 
Afloat  Personal  Telephone  System,”  or  APTS  - also  known 
s Sailor  Phone.”  The  system  is  designed  around  pre-paid 
r ailing  cards  that  can  be  purchased  from  the  ship’s  store  in 
10  and  $20  increments.  To  use  the  card,  simply  pick  up  the 
i ::al  and  then  punch  in  the  number  from  the  back  of 
the  card. 

According  to  Religious  Program  Specialist  3rd  Class  Brian 
L Jameson  of  USS  Dwight  D.  Eisenhower  (CVN  69),  “The 
cards  are  really  nice  when  you’re  overseas.  They  are  a lot 
cheaper  than  the  calling  cards  you  can  get  out  in  town.” 

According  to  CAPT  Jack  Prpich,  Director  of  the 
Telecommunications  Program  Office  for  NEXCOM,  APTS 
uses  a civilian-leased,  satellite  link  through  Challenge 
Athena  - a system  used  for  providing  two-way  live  video 
and  data  communications  at  sea.  Larger  vessels  can  use 
APTS  around  the  clock  but  smaller  ships  within  a 
battlegroup  have  to  timeshare.  However,  with  the  imple- 
mentation of  IT-21,  the  signal  could  be  piggybacked  to 
give  everyone  access  24  hours-a-day,  seven  days-a-week. 

When  the  time  on  your  card  runs  out,  your  line  will  be 
disconnected.  But  don’t  worry,  you  can  always  buy 
another  one  - and  a portion  of  the  proceeds  is  donated 
to  the  ship's  MWR  fund.  According  to  Prpich,  $2.3  million 
dollars  were  donated  to  MWR  funds  fleetwide  in  FY96. 

Don’t  be  greeted  by  another  monster  phone  bill.  Get  a 
card  now.  It’s  the  best  call  you’ll  ever  make. 

Besides  its  many  tactical  benefits,  IT-21  will  serve  to  improve 
Sailors’  quality  of  life  as  well.  For  example,  Sailor  Phones  will  be 
more  accessible  (see  above).  IT-21  will  make  it  possible  for  all  the 

aips  in  the  battlegroup 
to  share  the  same 
bandwidth  at  the 
same  time,  so  Sailors 
will  no  longer  be 
forced  to  plan  their 
calls  home  around  some  abstract  “window”  - a window  which 
sometimes  requires  them  to  phone  at  odd  hours. 

Constant  links  with  other  units  can  also  help  with  procure- 
ment of  supplies.  For  example,  before  IT-21  a Sailor  had  to  use 
the  computer  in  the  storekeeping  spaces  to  order  parts  - this 
almost  always  led  to  long  waits  and  scheduling  nightmares.  With 
IT-21  that  same  Sailor  can  now  access  the  Federal  Logistics  CD- 
ROM  from  any  shipboard  terminal.  And  according  to  Electronic 
Technician  Senior  Chief  (SW)  Jeff  Rexford,  3M  Coordinator  for 
USS  Frederick  (LST  1 184),  “With  these  new  fiber  optic  drops, 
we  can  put  a LAN  computer  just  about  anywhere  on  board.” 

Clemins’plan  is  to  have  shipboard  LANs  sized  to  accommodate 
one  PC  for  every  officer  and  one  for  every  five  enlisted  personnel. 

Although  the  upgrades  will  take  years  to  complete,  Sandell 
can’t  wait.  “I  think  IT-21  is  the  single  biggest  morale  booster 
from  E-l  to  0-10.  Some  of  these  guys  are  out  for  the  first  time 
and  they  get  homesick.  With  the  improved  e-mail  access,  they 
can  now  get  a response  in  as  little  as  30  minutes.” 

Yes,  the  days  when  a Sailor  had  to  sift  through  hundreds  of 
radio  messages,  OPGENs,  OPTASKs,  etc.,  will  soon  be 
forgotten.  With  IT-21  Sailors  will  simply  “log  on”  and  “pull 
down”  the  information  they  need.  No  more  waiting  in  line  at 
the  disbursing  office.  Sailors  will  get  their  pay  information  via 
e-mail  and  their  money  directly  deposited  into  their  bank 
accounts.  Birthdays  will  be  shared,  anniversaries  celebrated. 
Sailors  will  have  information  at  their  fingertips.  IT-21  is  here  - 
and  the  Information  Superhighway  is  calling. 

Gunder  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

AUGUST  1998 


s you  stand  at  the  end  of  the 
| ■ Navy’s  David  Taylor  Model 
Basin  at  the  Carderock 


Division  in  Bethesda,  Md.,  you 
immediately  feel  dwarfed  by  the 


catacomb -like,  concrete  walls  that 
surround  you  and  the  massive, 
arching  ceiling  that  disappears  intoi 
darkness  for  half-a-mile  in  front  of 
you.  A dark  canal  of  water  lies 
motionless  at  your  feet,  its  true  depth 
veiled  by  the  insufficient  glow  of  the 
florescent  lamps  and  the  conspicuous 
absence  of  any  natural  light,  as  a 

breeze  from  a nearby  fan  gives  the  air 
an  eerie  coolness.  Stretching  across  the 
abyss,  a shining,  steel,  roller-tracked 
platform  begins  to  move  slowly 
toward  you,  as  the  singing  sound  of 
steel  wheels  echoes  against  the  stone- 
cold  walls.  But  the  rhythmic  sounds  of 
metal  bearings  meshing  with  steel  rails 
is  soon  replaced  by  the  smooth  and 
unmistakable  sound  of  a ships  bow 
cutting  through  the  water.  The  ship 
may  only  be  40  feet  long,  but  at  David 
Taylor  everything  moves,  performs, 
responds  and  - with  a little  imagina- 
tion - even  sounds  like  the  real  thing. 

By  J02  Jeremy  Allen 

Carderock  Division  and  its  staff  of  4,000  scientists, 
engineers,  and  model  makers  builds  and  tests  ship,  sub  and 
torpedo  models.  Their  technical  expertise  spans  40  different 
marine-  and  defense-related  disciplines  including  hydrody- 
namics, acoustics,  machinery,  aerodynamics,  materials,  logistics, 
physics,  structures,  mathematics,  and  in-service  engineering. 

David  Taylor’s  main  building  is  3,200  feet  long  and  houses 
two  parallel  basins  filled  with  more  than  30  million  gallons  of 
fresh  water.  The  basins  can  accommodate  up  to  a 
40-foot-long  model.  The  “tunnel”  is  kept  dark  to  prevent  mold 
and  algae  from  growing  in  the  water  and  on  the  walls. 

The  basin  is  named  in  honor  of  the  late  RADM  David  W. 
Taylor,  a former  chief  constructor  of  the  Navy.  Taylor  helped 
build  the  first  experimental  model  basin  at  the  Washington  Navy 
Yard  in  1898.  When  the  Navy  needed  a larger,  more  advanced 
testing  facility,  the  basin’s  current  location  was  selected  in  1936 
because  of  its  minimal  seismic  activity. 



'.‘.'jl i 

An  aerial  view  of  the  Naval 
Surface  Warfare  Center,  Carderock 
Division,  Bethesda,  Md.  The  long 
building  is  the  David  Taylor  Model 
Basin  which  has  three  parts;  a 
shallow  water  basin  that  is  1,182 
feet  long  and  10  to  22  feet  deep; 
a deep  water  basin  that  is  1 ,886 
feet  long  and  22  feet  deep,  and  a 
high  speed  basin  that  is  2,968 
feet  long  and  10  to  16  feet  deep. 

“This  facility  is  the  largest  test  facility  in  the  world,”  said 
Dominic  S.  Cusanelli,  a naval  architect  and  test  engineer  at  David 
Taylor.  “There  is  only  one  place  comparable  to  us,  the  Krylov 
Institute  in  St.  Petersburg,  Russia.” 

“Every  major  ship  design  came  through  here,”  continued 
Cusanelli.  “Both  the  hull  and  propeller  design  are  done  here.  We 
make  models  the  size  of  pleasure  craft.  But  some  of  our  models 
are  even  larger.” 

“We  will  build  anything,”  explained  John  R.  Furlow, 
wood/composite  model  shop  supervisor,  “but  usually  we  deal  in 
1/20  scale  models.  We  can  build  a model  out  of  wood,  fiberglass 
- or  whatever  is  needed.  A model  can  cost  anywhere  from 
$40,000  to  $400,000  and  take  about  six  to  seven  weeks  to  build. 

“We  have  built  submarines  and  surface  ships.  Everything  the 
Navy  has  afloat  - we  have  in  a scale  model.  We  make  sure  the 
ship  is  correct  and  conforms  to  what  its  supposed  to  do  at  sea, 
so  there  is  no  guessing.” 

Whether  it’s  making  a computer-assisted  design,  carving  out 
a model  or  analyzing  the  test  data  after  a run,  the  folks  at  the 
model  test  basin  are  exacting. 

The  testing  performed  at  David  Taylor  is  controlled  by  towing 
carriages  that  move  along  metal  rails.  These  rails  are  built  directly 
into  the  bedrock  and  even  follow  the  curvature  of  the  earth. 
“When  they  put  the  model  in  the  water  it’s  like  putting  it  in  the 
ocean,”  said  Furlow.  “You  get  the  exact  same  data.” 

Ttk  vt. 

m "-''l£sij 

A laser  measurement  test  is 
done  on  a surface  ship 
model  attached  to  the 
towing  carriage  inside  the 
David  Taylor  Model  Basin. 

Testing  the  hydrodynamics  of 
a surface  ship  model’s  hull. 


The  carriage  tows  the  model  through  the  water  allowing  it 
to  pitch  and  roll  as  the  model  prop  spins. 

Instrumentation  attached  to  both  the  model  and  the 
carriage  allows  engineers  to  evaluate  every  aspect  of  a design’s 
performance  - from  hull  resistance  and  speed  calibrations  to 
broken  ice  and  towed  body  experiments. 

David  Taylor  has  five  towing  carriages.  Each  is  powered  by 
electric  motors  and  the  fastest  can  reach  speeds  up  to  60  mph. 

Basins  at  Carderock  can  even  make  their  own  waves  in  order 
to  determine  the  effect  of  sea  conditions  on  proposed  designs. 
They  have  been  used  by  the  maritime  shipping  industry,  fishing 
industry,  oceanographic  community  and  even  a few  America’s 
Cup  yacht  racing  syndicates. 

The  Carderock  Division  also  has  a series  of  smaller  basins, 
cavitation  water  tunnels,  and  a circulating  water  channel. 

By  incorporating  cutting-edge  technology,  Carderock 
continues  to  push  Navy  innovation  forward  - as  evidenced  by 
its  203  U.S. -approved  patents  since  1993. 

Some  of  these  innovations  include:  the  DDG  51  and 
SSN  21  hull  designs,  ADM  David  Taylor’s  bulbous  bow,  ship- 
board plastic  processors,  USS  Arthur  W.  Radford’s  (DDG  968) 
new  composite  mast  and  numerous  advanced  propeller  designs. 

“It’s  all  about  keeping  the  fleet  strong  and  safe,”  said  Jim  R. 
Rice,  an  electronics  engineer  at  Carderock.  “It’s  about  staying 
one  step  ahead  of  whatever  threat  is  out  there.  It  all  has  to  start 
here  with  (testing),  an  idea  and  a design.” 

Harry  Prince,  a 
Welding  Technician  at 
the  Davd  Taylor  R&D 
Center  in  Carderock, 
Md.,  welds  a HYAD 
2-inch  steel  plate  for 
testing  specimens 
with  the  GNAW 
Welding  System. 

Another  basin  at 
Carderock  is  the 
Harold  E.  Saunders 
Maneuvering  & 
Seakeeping  Basin, 
which  is  used  for 
measuring  model 
motions,  accele- 
rations, control 
surface  deflections, 
hull  strains  and  wake 

Allen  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 



- aiiiigwii  i—  iran  mu  ififimimiriii  fmir- •~mjrr>'Trrr‘r,T‘g  iiii  ifin— awimi  >f  hi— Hi/iHiii'm  m >fi 


he  America’s  Cup  won’t  be  sailed 
again  until  the  year  2000,  but  some 
U.S.  teams  are  already  gearing  up.  Two 
of  these  teams,  New  York  Yacht  Club’s 
(NYYC)  Young  America  and  St.  Francis 
Yacht  Club’s  America  One,  are  designing 
state-of-the-art  contenders  by  using  the 
David  Taylor  Model  Basin. 

Bill  Day,  who  as  head  of  the  Facilities 
Engineering  and  Operations  Department 
coordinates  and  schedules  the  tank 
testing,  said,  "Hull  form  and  appendages 
such  as  the  keel  and  rudder  must  be 
characterized  as  a set  to  determine  the 
best  sailing  conditions  for  a particular 
design.  Large-scale  models,  approxi- 
mately 25  feet  in  length,  are  required  to 
assure  flow  similarity  with  the  real  yacht 
and  to  acquire  the  quality  of  data  needed 
to  develop  a winning  design.  We  have 
been  conducting  tank  testing  on 
America’s  Cup  models  since  1985  when 
David  Taylor  Model  Basin  worked  with  the 
Heart  of  America  team  in  the  campaign 
that  was  sailed  in  Perth,  Australia.” 

“America’s  Cup  technology  is  now  so 
precise  and  the  design  competition  so 
close  that  even  subtle  design  innovations 
can  provide  the  competitive  edge,”  said 
John  Marshall,  president  of  NYYC. 
“Therefore,  the  methodology  for  testing 
design  concepts  must  be  that  much  more 

precise,  with  better  repeatability  and 
lower  uncertainty  in  the  results.” 

America  One  is  using  computer  design 
coupled  with  physical  testing  in  a 
wind  tunnel  and  at  the  David  Taylor  Model 
Basin  to  determine  the  total  hydrodynamic 
resistance  of  several  25-foot  models. 

David  Taylor  provides  the  designers  with 
valuable  insight  into  air-water,  free- 
surface  interface.  This  is  an  important 
element  of  sailing  performance  that 
cannot  be  modeled  in  a wind  tunnel. 

Testing  at  David  Taylor  is  expected  to 
continue  throughout  1998  as  U.S.  teams 
refine  the  designs  that  will  sail  in 
Auckland,  New  Zealand,  and  challenge 
the  Royal  New  Zealand  Yacht  Squadron 
for  the  America’s  Cup  in  March  2000. 

Scott  is  the  public  affairs  officer  for  Naval  Surface  Warfare  Center 
Carderock  Division. 


His  eyes  were  bloodshot,  and  his 
head  hurt. 

It  had  been  days  since  Nuclear 
Physicist’s  Mate  1st  Class  Rek 
Tiberdon  slept.  His  R&R  on  Saturn’s 
14th  substation  “Hawaiidine”  had  been 
terminated  three  days  earlier  when  he 
received  emergency  recall  orders 
instructing  him  to  return  to  Earth  and 
join  his  veta  cyberfor-atom  displace- 
ment-class sub  in  the  Pacific  Ocean. 

And  now,  with  the  memories  of 
leave  fading  fast  and  his  body  trying  to 
catch  up  to  a hyper-space,  sub-galaxy 
transport,  Tiberdon  stood  ready  at  his 

battlestation  on  the  bridge  of  USS  Las 
Vegas  as  it  hovered  motionless  at 
34,820  feet  - just  above  the  bottom  of 
the  Marianas  trench  - listening  and 

Tiberdon  didn’t  catch  much  of  the 
conversation  on  the  docking  bay,  but 
from  what  he  could  piece  together 
some  rebel  faction  had  gotten  their 
hands  on  an  old  nuclear  sub  from  the 
late-20th  century  and  Vegas  had  been 
detailed  to  take  them  out. 

“Nice  to  have  you  back,  son.” 
Tiberdon  recognized  the  voice  on 
his  headset. 

“Thanks,  Skipper,  ” he  replied. 

“Sorry  to  pull  you  back  off  leave, 
Rek,  but  we’ve  got  a situation  here 
and  nobody  knows  the  Manta  better 
than  you.  You  ready  for  some  action?” 
“You  bet,  sir.  Let’s  see  what  this 
baby  can  do.  ” 

“Launch  Manta  One.  ” 

With  lighting  quickness  Tiberdon 
completed  the  make-ready  and  pre- 
flight and  sent  the  unmanned 
“weapon”  on  its  way.  Even  though 

It  reads  like  a science  fiction  novel.  But,  if  a man  by  the  name  of  John  Sirmalis  has 
his  way,  it  won’t  be  fiction  for  much  longer.  Dr.  Sirmalis  is  the  technical  director 
at  the  Naval  Undersea  Warfare  Center  in  Newport,  R.I.,  and  he  is  currently  devel- 
oping the  technology  to  build  an  unmanned,  undersea  vehicle  capable  of  extending 
the  eyes  and  ears  of  the  Navy’s  submarine  force. 

Sirmalis  believes  the  Manta  will  be  deployed  as  standard  equipment  on  board 
Navy  submarines  sometime  early  in  the  next  century.  Four  of  these  Mantas  would 
be  fully  integrated  into  the  design  of  the  submarine,  residing  in  recessed  cavities  on 
the  outer  hull  - so  as  not  to  affect  the  sub’s  hydrodynamic  resistance. 

With  their  speed  and  stealth,  submarines  are  capable  of  surveying  contingency 
situations  and  probing  enemy  defenses.  Their  ability  to  gather  information  while 
remaining  undetected  is  limited  only  by  the  range  of  their  electronic  equipment 
and  the  environment  in  which  they  operate. 

Manta  would  increase  the  submarine’s  observable  area  in  four  directions  and 
provide  added  firepower  to  an  already  formidable  weapon.  In  theory,  a submarine 

he’d  done  the  same  thing  a hundred 
times,  he  could  not  help  but  be 
impressed  once  again  as  the  lights  of 
the  manta  ray-shaped  drone  disap- 
peared into  the  blackness.  So  much 
technology  wrapped  up  in  such  a 
small  package,  he  thought.  Stealth 
sail,  noiseless  propulsion,  composite 
“smart”  skin,  onboard  active  and 
passive  sonar,  high-rate  corns,  full 
sized  torps...  this  thing  is  awesome. 

“Enemy  target  visualized,  ” said  the 
computer-generated  voice  over  the 

“I  see  it,  ” replied  Tiberdon  as  he 
griped  the  controls  and  stared  intently 
at  the  night-vision  monitor  mounted  on 
his  console. 

“Coming  up  on  the  target,  Captain. 
Enemy  sub  in  range  - two  kilometers.” 

“Drop  her  in  quietly  on  the  enemy’s 
starboard  hull  and  launch  Manta  Two.  ” 

“Aye,  sir.” 

Within  minutes  the  second  drone 
was  within  striking  distance  on  the 
enemy’s  port  side. 

“She’s  boxed  in  Skipper  and  she 
doesn’t  even  know  it.” 

“Prepare  to  fire  torpedoes  on  my 

“Captain  of  the  enemy  sub,  you  are 
currently  being  tracked  by  two  Manta 
submarines.  You  have  30  seconds  to 
comply  with  United  Nations  directive 
3101.5  and  surrender. . . ” 

“Captain,  he’s  opening  his  outer 
doors.  ” 

“He  doesn’t  even  know  what  he’s 
up  against.  Petty  Officer  Tiberdon  take 
him  out,”  came  the  order. 

With  a tinge  of  regret,  Tiberdon 
coordinated  the  Mantas’  firing  solu- 
tions and  simultaneously  fired  two 
torpedoes  which  converged  on  the 
enemy  sub  amidships  and  split  her  in 

Tiberdon  watched  on  the  digital  iod 
vidfeed  as  the  once-great  warrior  sunk 
into  the  depths. 

captain  could  inflict  critical  damage  without  ever  giving  away  the  position  of  the 
mother  sub. 

It  may  be  fantasy  now,  but  the  Manta  is  coming. 

Benson  is  the  assistant  editor  for  All  Hands. 

AUGUST  1998 


or  more  than  50  years, 
scientists  and  engineers 
at  the  Naval  Undersea 
Warfare  Center 
(NUWC)  in  Newport, 
R.I.,  have  designed, 
developed  and  tested  every  sonar  array 
used  by  the  U.S.  Navy's  submarine 
rorce.  However,  a team  of  scientists  led 
by  Dr.  Norman  Owsley  and  Dr.  Andrew 
Hull  recently  hit  upon  a new  and  inno- 
vative use  for  sonar,  one  which  could 
save  hundreds  of  thousands  of  live 
Five  hundred  thousand  Americans 
die  annually  from  coronary  artery  < 
(CAD).  CAD  has  been  dubbed  the 
“silent  killer”  because  as  plaque  builds 
on  artery  walls,  restricting  blood  flow 
and  oxygen  supply  to  the  heart,  a j 
heart  attack  is  sometimes  its  first  - 
- symptom. 

Owsley,  Hull  and  their  team  of 
researchers  are  currently  developi 
device  which  will  be  able  to  diagnose 
by  measuring  the  sound  ene 
:ed  by  turbulent  blood  flow  in 
onstricted  arteries.  This  device 
translate  the  collected  data  into  comp 
images  that  cardiologists 
the  same 

A sonar  array  is  used  to  image  the 
human  coronary  artery  system 

Uhen  Chuck  Yeager  broke  the  sound  barrier  flying  the  Bell  X-l  in 
1947,  he  ushered  in  new  aviation  age.  This  year,  another  speed 
barrier  fell  and  another  new  age  was  begun  when  a group  of 
scientists  and  engineers  at  the  Naval  Undersea  Warfare  Center  (NUWC) 
in  Newport,  R.I.,  fired  a specially-designed  bullet  that  broke  the  speed  of 
sound  in  water  - approximately  1,500  meters  per  second. 

The  new  record  was  reached  as  part  of  the  center’s  study  of  supercav- 
itation, a phenomenon  in  which  the  water  near  a projectile  tip 
vaporizes,  creating  a cavity  of  low-density  vapor.  Simply  put,  the  bullet, 
in  this  case,  produced  its  own  air  pocket  in  which  to  fly. 

Because  underwater  measurements  and  photography  can  be  difficult, 
NUWC  designed  and  built  a unique  test  facility  for  research  into  the 
physics  of  supercavitation. 

“It’s  hard  enough  to  set  up  a high-speed  test  range  capable  of 
recording  the  motion  of  an  object  traveling  at  nearly  one  mile  per 
second,”  said  J.  Dana  Forbes,  NUWC  test  director.  “Now  picture  putting 
the  range  15  to  20  feet  underwater.  Precise  alignment  of  the  gun  and 
triggering  of  the  waterproofed  photography  equipment  and  instrumen- 
tation is  extremely  important.” 

The  NUWC  team  did  not  work  alone  to  achieve  their  goal.  Other 
contributors  included  General  Dynamics  Armament  Systems,  the  Army 
Research  Laboratory,  Cornell  University,  Tracor  and  Cortana 
Corporation  and  Pennsylvania  State  University. 

So,  what  does  it  all  mean?  While  a sub-mounted  weapons  system  is 
not  on  the  drawing  boards  yet,  the  fact  that  we  now  know  projectiles 
can  achieve  supersonic  speeds  underwater  opens  up  a whole  new  realm 
of  possibilities  for  undersea  weapons  of  the  future. 

Compiled  from  information  provided  by  Dr.  Ivan  Kirschner  and  the  Naval 
Undersea  Warfare  Center,  Newport,  R.I. 


NUWC  phot' 

The  Smart  Base  project  is  one  of  several  Navy  initiatives  designed  to  meet  the  challenges  of  a shrinking  defense  budget  and  reduced 

manpower.  Like  Smart  Ship  and  Smart  Card,  Smart  Base’s  mission  is  to  explore  new  and  innovative  ways  to  make  the  Navy  and  its  Sailors 

smarter,  more  efficient  and  better  prepared  to  greet  the  next  century. 

The  Smart  Base  team  was  tasked  with  designing  a naval  installation  based  on  those  innovative  ideas.  Here  is  what  they  came  up  with. 

sailors  have  instant  access  to 

Department  of  Defense  and  Navy  directives 
through  a desktop  computer 
instead  of  having  to  drive  to  the 
local  PSD. 

" Smart  Cards  are  used  to  store 
MP  personnel  information  such  as  service,  medical 
and  dental  records,  PQS  qualifications  and  security 
access.  The  card  also  serves  as  a room  key  for  those 
Sailors  staying  at  the  BEQ. 

Supply  transactions  are  done  On-line.  Sailors  get  what  they  need  faster,  cheaper  and  with 
easier  tracking  capabilities. 

On-base  security,  police,  fire  and  emergency  medical  dispatches  are  combined  into 

one  centralized  console . 

Gate  guards  are  replaced  by  electronic  access  Control  and 

intruder  detection  systems .  Internet  and  WTC  (video  teleconfer- 
- encing)  technologies,  Sailors  on  shore  duty  have 
. access  to  in-rate  training  courses  - reducing 
■ command  travel  and  TAD  costs  and  enhancing 

fleet  readiness. 

: -...V-  _ V’  ' 

. Sailoirs  Seeking  higher  education  are  able  to  take 
college  courses  on-line  or  via  VTC.  Sailors  with  the  desire  and 1 

motivation  can  even  earn  their  doctorates. 




The  location  and  quantity  of  GHVirOniTIGntdlly 
sGnsitivG  matQrials  on  base  is  tracked 
by  a database . 

Routine  administrative  functions  like  special 
request  chits,  leave  papers  and  message  traffic  are  all 
done  electronically  - drastically  reducing  the 
paper  trail. 

For  a more  complete  listing 

of  Smart  Base  initiatives,  visit  their  web 
site  at 

While  not  all  of  these  initiatives  will  be 
implemented,  the  ones  that  are  will 
change  the  way  the  Navy  does  business. 

Energy-saving  “OCCUpancy 
detectors”  are  installed  in  every  BEQ 
room  to  help  control  heating,  air  conditioning  and 
lighting.  There  is  a mdUCtion  in  GnGrgy 

consumption  of  more  than  30  percent. 


Active-duty  service  members,  family  members  and  retirees  living  in 
remote  areas  where  there  is  no  local  commissary  are  able  to  shop  at  COm 

commissary  prices. 

Morale,  Welfare  and  Recreation  (MWR)  programs  are  enhanced  by  using  commercial 
track  of  what  MWR  activities  Sailors  want. 


Ho  keep 

A “one-Stop  Shopping ” web  site  - called  the  QOL  Mall  - is  created  to  give  Sailors  information  on 
hundreds  of  quality  of  life  initiatives.  By  using  the  QOL  Mall,  Sailors  can  go  OR-UnG  and  find  out  about  things  like 
PCS  moves;  TRICARE  benefits;  on-base  housing,  child  care  and  education  facilities;  and  counseling  services. 

Information  compiled  by  JOI  Jason  Thompson,  a photojournalist  assigned  to  All  Hands. 

AUGUST  1998 

Eile  Edit  Ytew  2o  Communicator  Help 
,£  * Bookmarks  A locaso"  |htp  //vrwwspearnov; 

' Bookmarks  ^ Locoiion:|hip  , 


^ . <?VW  71 

Welcome  Aboard! 


Points  of  Contact 

Press  Releases 



This  Is  a U.S  Government  Computer  System.  Please  read  and  understand 
tills  warning. 


TRUMAN  Info  Hotline:  1-888-HSTRUMAN 

Tins  sac  was  updated  on  May  28,  1998. 

I Applet  doganii 

USS  Theodore  Roosevelt  (CVN  71)  website 

USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73)  website 

USS  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75)  website 

| Eile  Edit  yiew  2o  Communicator  H« 


j ..i  Bookmarks  A-  locaUon:|hHp//wwwnavy.m 




In  last  month’s  issue  of  All  Hands,  your  dutiful  cyber- 
servant (that’s  me)  laboriously  scanned  hundreds  of 
“small  boy”  web  sites  to  find  the  few  that  were  good 
enough  to  earn  the  coveted  CyberSailor  Site  of 
Excellence  (CSSOE)  award.  (Well,  I don’t  know  how 
coveted  it  is,  but  a guy  can  dream  can’t  he?).  So  now  that  we’ve 
seen  the  best  from  amongst  our  frigates,  destroyers  and  cruisers, 
let’s  see  what  the  BIG  BOYS  have  to  offer  - up  next,  the  carriers. 

The  carriers  get  their  own  category.  And  why  not?  I mean,  it 
would  be  unfair  to  compare  every  ship  across  the  board,  right? 
Let’s  face  it,  a ship  with  a crew  of  300  (or  less)  is  going  to  have  a 
harder  time  finding  talented  web-volunteers  than  one  with  a 
population  of  close  to  5,000.  It  just  wouldn’t  be  fair.  I expect  to 
find  a better  site  when  I cruise  by  a carrier’s  web  port. 

One  tip  before  I start  naming  names.  I found  a site  the  other 
day  that  can  really  help  all  you  junior  web  designers  out  there 
with  some  hard-and-fast  rules  about  web  design.  The  nuts  and 
bolts,  so  to  speak.  Those  pesky,  little  details  that  can  make-or- 
break  a homepage  - items  like  browser  compatibility,  HTML 
coding,  load  time,  broken  links,  spelling,  etc. 

Whether  you’re  designing  for  yourself,  your  ship  or  some  other 
group,  try  the  Web  Site  Garage  at  This 
is  a commercial  site  and  some  services,  like  periodic  monitoring 
and  search  engine  registration,  you  have  to  pay  for,  but  it  also 
offers  “tune  up”  diagnostics  which  are  free.  I used  the 
summaries  for  my  review  as  an  easy  way  to  test,  for  example, 
load  times  (How  fast  will  pages  load  at  various  modem 

speeds?)  and  browser  compatibility  (Will  the  page  look  the 
same  on  all  browsers?). 

All  right,  here  are  my  selections  for  the  prestigious  (boy, 
am  I full  of  myself,  or  what?)  CSSOE  award: 

Q USS  Theodore  Roosevelt  (CVN  71) 

Q USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73) 

USS  Harry  S.  Truman  (CVN  75) 

USS  Independence  (CV  62) 

But,  why?  you  scream.  What  about  us?  Well,  let’s  take  a look. 

Starting  with  No.  4,  Indy’s  site  ( 
indy)  provides  visitors  with  good  information  on  the  ship,  the 
latest  news  on  their  deployment  and  a fantastic  photo  gallery 
(which  is  good  for  both  incoming  crewmembers  and  the 
general  public  - a public  who  wants  to  find  out  where  their  tax 
dollars  are  going).  During  the  ship’s  deployment  to  the  Arabian 
Gulf,  updates  have  been  posted  about  every  other  day,  along 
with  a good  amount  of  new  photos.  It’s  a clean  site  with  good 
links  to  find  out  about  Yokosuka,  the  7th  Fleet  and  - most 
importantly  - the  Sailors  on  board. 

Now,  No.  3 had  an  unfair  advantage.  You  see,  Harry  Truman 
is  a hero  of  mine.  So,  I was  slightly  swayed  from  the  outset, 
especially  since  USS  Harry  S.  Truman’s  site  ( 
homepages/cvn75)  gives  visitors  several  pages  devoted  to  the 
life  and  service  of  our  33rd  President.  Although  the  homepage 
is  long  (vertically,  that  is),  most  links  you’ll  need  are  in  the 



image  map  at  the  top  of  the  page.  Newcomer  information,  news 
from  the  Ombudsman  and  local  area  orientation  are  a few  of 
the  highlights. 

The  runner-up,  USS  George  Washington,  offers  both  a 
text-only  version  ( 
fronttxt.htm)  and  a graphic  version  ( 
homepages/  uss-gwash/frontgfx.htm)  - a nice  choice  for 
folks  with  slow  modems.  A feature  called  The  Cherry  Tree  is 
operated  during  deployments  to  provide  family  and  friends 
with  information  on  the  ship’s  activities  and  support  resources. 

And  now,  for  the  granddaddy  of  them  all  - the  best  of  the 
best.  My  top  pick  among  the  carriers  is  USS  Theodore  Roosevelt 
(,  I like  a homepage  that  doesn’t 
require  me  to  scroll  down  to  view  everything.  I also  like  one 
that  doesn’t  go  overboard  with  “bells  and  whistles”  (animated 
graphics,  javascripts,  etc.)  and  doesn’t  make  me  wait.  The  TR 
team  has  put  together  an  attractive  and  informative  site,  good 
for  both  the  Sailor  and  non-Sailor. 

So  there  you  have  it.  My  trusty  assistants  are  busy  at  work 
designing  a logo  for  the  CSSOEs.  Look  for  it  soon.  Whenever  a 
site  meets  my  rigid  standards  (I’ll  let  you  know  what  they  are 
when  I figure  them  out  myself)  it  will  be  graced  with  the 
august  privilege  of  displaying  the  CSSOE  award. 

Innouatiue  Nauy  Sites 

nnovation  and  the  Navy  go  hand-in-hand.  Anyone  who 
has  been  aboard  a modern  warship,  seen  the  cockpit  of 
an  F/A-18  Hornet  or  F-14  Tomcat,  or  looked  at  a photo- 
graph of  a Tomahawk  cruise  missile  in  flight  knows  it. 

Every  day,  Sailors  and  Navy  researchers  are  working 
to  make  the  Navy,  the  nation  and  the  world  a better  - 
and  safer  - place  to  live.  And  some  of  what  they’re 
doing  is  on  the  web. 

Let’s  start  with  the  scientists 
and  engineers  creating  tomorrow’s 
Navy.  First,  there’s  Naval  Surface 
Warfare  Center’s  Carderock 
Division  ( 
Celebrating  lOO  years  of 
service,  Carderock’s  site  gives  visitors  a look  at  the 
facilities,  as  well  as  news  of 
ongoing  projects  such  as  Smart 
Ship  ( 

Likewise,  the  Naval  Undersea 
Warfare  Center’s  Newport  Division 
(  is  your 

gateway  into  the  Navy’s  research 
beneath  the  waves. 

But  innovation  is  more  than 
people  in  lab  coats  peering  into 
microscopes  analyzing  data.  Sailors 
are  called  upon  everyday  to  use  the 
latest  information  and  equipment 
to  battle  pollution  and  take  care  of 
our  environment.  The  CNO’s  Envi- 
ronmental Protection  Office  (N45) 
sponsors  the  Pollution  Prevention 
(P2)  Equipment  Program 
(  At  this  site,  as 
well  as  at  the  Navy  Environmental  Leadership  Program 
site  (  Sailors  can  find  out  what  the 
Navy  is  doing  to  make  the  Navy  a cleaner  and  healthier 
place  to  work. 

Innovation  is  all  around  us,  and  it  is  - as  always  - 
only  just  a click  away. 

i niuiui  ix  w.uuiir  \|>|i(\  ' 

AUGUST  1998 

Eye  on  the  Fleet 

j the  fleet  jsa  monthly  photo  feature  sponsored  by 


the  Chief  of  Information  Navy  News  Photo  Division.  We  are  looking 
for  H 1 G H 1 M p A c T » I quality  photography  from  1 s A 1 L 0 r~s~| 

in  the  fleet,  to  showcase  the  American  Sailor  in  action. 

A U.S.  Navy  helicopter  from  Light  Helicopter 
Anti-Submarine  Squadron  94  flies  by  the  Statue 
of  Liberty  during  the  opening  ceremonies  of  Fleet 
Week  '98. 

Photo  by  PHI  Pat  Cashin. 


GMI(EOD)  Kyle  Wolf  and  1st  Sgt.  Tuh  Haw  San, 

Republic  of  Singapore  (EOD),  establish  runway  security 
prior  to  clearance  operations  during  TRICRAB  '98. 

Photo  by  PHI  Pat  Cashin. 

Formation  over  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74) 

in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 

Photo  by  PHI  (AW)  James  Williams. 

To  be  considered,  forward  your  images  with  full  credit  and  outline  information, 
including:  full  name,  rank  and  duty  station.  Name  all  identifiable  people  within 
the  photo  and  include  important  information  about  what  is  happening,  where 
the  photo  was  taken  and  the  date. 

Commands  with  digital  photo  capability  can  send  attached  .jpg  files  to 

Mail  your  submissions  to: 


2701  S.  CAPITOL  ST.  S.W.,  WASHINGTON,  D.C.  20373-5819 

BM3  Benard  Hawkins  pipes  the  arrival  of  a distinguished 
visitor  on  board  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74). 

Photo  by  PHI  (AW)  James  Williams. 

Eye  on 

the  F 


PfcaH  f*#ti  1 f 

— ifcJt  t 1 )£.-  ■ 


Sailors  observe  Easter  sunrise  service  aboard 
USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74)  in  the  Arabian  Gulf. 
Photo  by  PHAN  Robert  Bake. 

USNS  Guadalupe  (TAO  200)  transfers  fuel 
to  USS  John  C.  Stennis  (CVN  74)  during  an 
(underway  replenishment. 

Photo  by  PH3  Kevin  Tidwell. 


\ * 

Yeoman  1st  Class  (SS)  SCOtt  TrOjdlM 

was  selected  as  the  Navy  League’s  1997  Service  Person  of  the  Year  for 
Southeastern  Connecticut.  Trojahn,  assigned  to  Personnel  Support 
Activity  Detachment  New  London,  is  a coordinator  and  tutor  for  after 
school  programs  with  a local  elementary  school,  a den  leader  for  the  Cub 
Scouts  and  a coach  for  Little  League  baseball  and  youth  football  leagues. 

| Electronics  Technician  3rd  Class  Mid  Cdlld  DiOIM6  L66 

flHB  was  selected  as  1 998  Naval  Computer  and  Telecommunications 
q ^ Command  Junior  Sailor  of  the  Year.  Lee,  assigned  to  NCTS  Guam,  works 

A jjK&gM  on  mission-essential  electronic  communications  equipment  while  also 
^ J ^ i serving  as  her  division’s  physical  fitness  coordinator,  work  group  repair 

parts  petty  officer  and  fire  marshall.  She  is  also  a member  of  the 
command’s  Auxiliary  Security  Force. 

Aviation  Structural  Mechanic  (Hydraulics)  Chief 

Efrain  Lopez 

Fjj  '.-A  was  selected  as  the  coach  of  the  Puerto  Rican  National  Racquetball 

if®  Team.  Lopez,  assigned  to  Fighter  Squadron  TWO,  NAS  Oceana,  Va„  is 

” also  the  first  alternate  to  the  team,  recently  placing  third  in  a coaches’ 

competition.  The  eight-member  national  team  has  already  qualified 
for  one  of  the  10  spots  in  the  1999  Pan-American  games. 

Aviation  Electronics  Technician  2nd  Class  (AW) 

Brian  Baldwin 

was  selected  for  the  Enlisted  Commissioning  Program  - a program 
designed  to  allow  highly-qualified  Sailors  without  baccalaureate  degrees 
the  opportunity  to  earn  commissions  as  naval  officers.  Baldwin,  assigned 
to  Electronic  Attack  Squadron  131,  will  attend  the  University  of 
Colorado’s  College  of  Arts  and  Sciences,  Boulder,  Colo. 

Storekeeper  2nd  Class  (SW)  Katherine  Daigle 

was  named  USS  Simon  Lake’s  (AS  33)  1997  Junior  Sailor  of  the  Year. 
Daigle,  a native  of  Lewiston,  Maine,  is  the  weapons  department  adminis- 
tration leading  petty  officer  and  senior  watch  office  assistant.  She  is  also 
her  department’s  pass  liaison  representative,  repair  parts  petty  officer 
and  women-at-sea  representative. 

Dental  Technician  1st  Class  (FMF)  Victor  M.  Favela 

was  selected  as  1997  Sailor  of  the  Year  for  Naval  Medical  Logistics 
Command,  Fort  Detrick,  Md.  Favela  served  as  the  Defense  Acquisition 
Career  Enhancement  Program  Coordinator,  ensuring  more  than  250 
federal  employees  and  military  officers  were  fully  trained  and  certified  to 
contract  equipment  and  supplies  for  Navy  medicine.  He  also  volunteers 
as  a tutor  for  the  Adopt-A-School  Program. 


Robert  D.  Stethem 
1961  - 1985 

USS  Stethem  (DDG  63) 
is  named  in  honor  of 
SW2(DV)  Robert  Dean 
Stethem  who  was  killed 
by  terrorists  on  June  14, 
1985,  while  returning 
from  an  assignment  in 
Greece  on  TWA  Flight 
847.  He  was  posthu- 
mously awarded  the 
Purple  Heart  in  1985  and 
the  Bronze  Star  in  1986. 

USS  David  R.  Ray( DD  971)  is  named  in  honor 
of  HM2  David  R.  Ray  who  was  awarded  the 
Medal  of  Honor  posthumously  for  his  actions 
in  Vietnam.  On  March  19, 1969,  Ray  treated 
wounded  Marines  during  an  intense  enemy 
attack  while  defending  his  unit’s  position. 
Although  severely  wounded  himself,  Ray 
continued  to  provide  aid  until  he  ran  out  of 
ammunition  and  was  killed. 

USS  The  Sullivans  (DDG  68)  is  named  in  honor 
of  five  brothers  - Joseph,  Francis,  Albert, 
Madison  and  George  Sullivan  - who  were  lost 
at  sea  when  their  ship,  USS  Juneau  (CL  52) 
was  torpedoed  by  a Japanese  submarine 
during  the  Battle  of  Guadalcanal.  The  brothers 
had  petitioned  the  Navy  to  be  stationed  on  the 
same  ship  after  a family  friend  was  killed 
during  the  Japanese  attack  on  Pearl  Harbor. 

USS  Anzio  (CG  68)  is  named  for  the  The 
Battle  of  Anzio  which  began  the  Allies’ 
liberation  of  Italy  in  June  1944.  Twenty-two 
Medals  of  Honor  were  awarded  to  American 
servicemen  for  their  heroic  actions  in  this 
pivotal  confrontation. 




Naval  Surface  Warfare  Center’s  Carderock  Division 

a vision  - to  design  and  build  a faster,  stronger, 

tr-equipped,  more-capable  Navy.  Innovation  is  what  they 

best.  From  experimenting  with  composite  materials  to 

ig  radical  new  hull  designs,  Carderock  ha§  pushed 

le  envelope  in  naval  science  and  technology  for  more 

in  100  years.  It  all  starts  with  an  idea 

Magazine  of  the  U.S.  Navy 

September  1998 

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Features  - 

12  The  Earle  of  New  Jersey 

Located  47  miles  south  of  New  York  City, 
Navy  Ammunition  Depot,  Earle  can  keep 
Sailors  close  to  the  diverse  cultural  and  recre- 
ational activities  of  a big  city  while  providing 
the  security  and  seclusion  of  a small  town. 

1 4 Diving  into  History 

Sailors  from  Naval  Amphibious  Base  Little 
Creek’s  Mobile  Diving  and  Salvage  Unit  2 
come  face  to  face  with  a living  ghost 
as  they  dive  on  the  Civil  War  ironclad  USS 
Monitor  off  the  coast  of  North  Carolina. 

|n  BALL!!  STRIKE-!  OUT 

AT  B/ff  I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10  R H 

m :::  a u 


MART  joins 


24  Sailors  of  the  Year 

Meet  the  four  men  selected  as  Atlantic 
Fleet,  Pacific  Fleet,  Reserve  and  Shore 


18  More  than  a Passing  Shadow 

Master  Chief  Petty  Officer  of  the 
Navy  Jim  Herdt  moves  fast.  Follow 
him  for  a day  - a typical  day...  with 
an  untypical  man...  in  the  “best  damn 
Navy  in  the  world.” 

Secretary  of  the  Navy 
The  Honorable  John  H.  Dalton 
Chief  of  Naval  Operations 
ADM  Jay  L.  Johnson 

Chief  of  Information 
RADM  Thomas  Jurkowsky 

Commanding  Officer, 

Naval  Media  Center 
CAPT  Edward  Lundquist 

Still  Media  Department  Head 
LCDR  John  Kirby 

Publishing  Division  Officer 
LT  Edie  Rosenthal 

Print  Media  Coordinator 
LT  Tyrus  Lemerande 

e m ii  t § e i a n 


Marie  G.  Johnston 
Managing  Editor 
JOCS  Steve  Burghardt 
Assistant  Editor 
J01  Robert  Benson 

Editorial  Staff 

Patricia  Oladeinde 
J01  Ron  Schafer 
JOl  Rodney  Furry 
J01  Jason  Thompson 
J02  Jeremy  Allen 
PH2  Joseph  Gunder  III 
PH3  Lena  Gonzalez 

Sailor  of  the  Year  for  1998. 


Drive  South 

BUPERS  has  moved!  At  this  very 
moment  the  last  of  the  moving  trucks 
are  rolling  into  Millington,  Tenn., 
depositing  detailers  and  their  families 
amidst  the  hospitality  of  a small  town 
and  on  the  verge  of  a new  beginning. 


Rabil  & Bates  Communication  Design 

Creative  Director 

Debra  Bates 

Graphic  Designer 

David  Chapman 

Julie  Dorman 

Production  Staff 

Leroy  E.  Jewell 

William  E.  Beamon 

DM1  Rhea  Mackenzie 


Photo  Editor 

PHI  Jim  Hampshire 


Garland  Powell 

All  Hands  (USPS  372-970;  ISSN  0002-5577) 

(Number  977)  is  published  by  the  Naval  Media  Center, 
Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 
2701  S.  Capitol  St.,  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 
and  additional  mailing  offices. 

Subscriptions:  For  sale  by  the  Superintendent  of 
Documents,  U.S.  Government  Printing  Office, 

Washington,  D.C.  20402;  (2021  512-1800. 

Postmaster.  Send  address  changes  to  All  Hands, 

Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  Naval  Station 

Anacostia,  Bldg,  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St,  S.W., 

Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 

Editorial  Offices;  Send  submissions  and  correspondence 

to  Naval  Media  Center,  Publishing  Division,  ATTN:  Editor, 

Naval  Station  Anacostia,  Bldg.  168, 2701  S.  Capitol  St., 

S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 

Tel:  (202)  433-4171  or  DSN  288-4171 

Fax:  (202)  433-4747  or  DSN  288-4747 



Authorization:  The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  has  determined 
this  publication  is  necessary  in  the  transaction  ot  business 
required  by  law  of  the  Department  ot  the  Navy.  Funds  tor 
printing  this  publication  have  been  approved  by  the  Navy 
Publications  and  Printing  Committee. 

on  0 ^ ; Cl  i 

j Welcome  to  Millington 

Located  15  miles  from  Memphis  along 
U.S.  Highway  51  in  northern  Shelby  County, 
Millingtons  down  home  hospitality  and  centered 
sense  of  community  earned  it  the  distinction  of 
being  named  “Flag  City,  Tennessee.” 

Small  Errors  Can  Cost  You  Big  Time 

Don’t  let  a small  mistake  cost  you  a chance  at 
advancement.  Learn  to  ask  the  right  questions. 

Making  the  Right  Moves 

Getting  ready  to  transfer?  Know  what  to  do 
and  when  to  do  it. 

36  Moving  On 

Twenty  years  of  service  and  you’re  moving 
on  - embarking  on  that  second  career  while 
enjoying  the  benefits  of  the  first. 

38  Interconnectivity 

Detailers  can  reach  out  and  touch  anyone, 
anywhere  in  the  world.  They  keep  the  Navy 
ready  to  fight  by  keeping  the  right  people  in 
the  right  places  - all  the  time. 


6 Letters 

7 Around  the  Fleet 

42  CyberSailor 

44  Eye  on  the  Fleet 

48  Shipmates 

(Check  us  out  Online  at: 


Photos  provided  by 
Chief  of  Information  Navy 
News  Photo  Division. 

On  the  Back  Cover 

Yansell  M.  Gonzalez,  from 
Puerto  Rico,  attached  to  Naval 
Mobile  Construction  Battalion  3, 
smoothes  concrete  for  a vehicle 
storage  project  at  the  Naval 
Magazine,  Guam. 

Photo  by  PH2  Kelton  L. 


MU  k 

j$r  -4~ 

Marines  practice  riot  control  drills  on  the  flight  deck  of 
USS  Belleau  Wood  (LHA  3)  while  in  transit  to  Thailand  for 
Exercise  Cobra  Gold  '98.  The  Marines  are  part  of  Battalion 
Landing  Team,  3rd  Battalion,  5th  Marines,  the  ground  combat 
element  for  the  31st  Marine  Expeditionary  Unit. 

U.S.  Navy  photo 



Give  and  Take 

This  is  just  a note  to  tell  you  of  a problem  I 
spotted  in  your  June  issue  of  All  Hands.  On 
Page  16,  you  have  an  inset  picture  of  a 
corpsman  with  a vaccutainer  and  needle 
set  up. 

This  is  for  drawing  blood  and  not  for 
what  the  cutline  states  as  “...prepares  the 
proper  dosage  of  medication  for  injection.” 
This  is  a “take”  apparatus/set-up,  not  a 
“give.”  Thanks  for  a great  laugh. 

HM3  Martin  E.  Brown 
Aviation  Medicine,  Base  Medical  Clinic 
Millington,  Tenn. 

Bravo  Zulu 

As  a Marine  (1940-1946),  and  in  the  Navy 
(1947-1960),  I want  to  commend  you  on 
your  June  1998  issue  of  All  Hands 
regarding  the  U.S.  Navy  Hospital  Corps. 

It  contained  more  information  on  so  few 
pages  than  any  other  article  I have  read  on 
one  subject. 

And,  of  course,  the  other  subjects  in  this 
issue  of  All  Hands  were  great.  But  my  main 
interest  was  “Hospital  Corpsmen.”  We  can  not 
do  without  them. 

ADRC  Olin  V.  Mapes,  (Ret.) 

Jacksonville,  Fla. 

“A  Splendid  Little  War” 

The  articles  about  the  Spanish-American 
War  were  excellent.  This  period  of  time  has 
always  fascinated  me.  Ironically,  this  most 
noteworthy  era  and  the  events  which 
brought  us  from  a less  than  second-rate 
nation  to  world  prominence,  seems  to  get 
little  attention  from  the  historians,  in 
spite  of  the  conflict  being  considered  “a 
splendid  little  war.” 

What  disappointed  me  was  the  briefness 
of  the  article  about  Chief  Gunner’s  Mate 
Dick  Turpin.  If  my  sources  of  information 
are  correct,  he  was  the  first  African- 
American  CPO  in  the  U.S.  Navy. 

In  addition  to  this  not  so  insignificant 
achievement,  Turpin  returned  to  active, 
though  limited,  duty  during  World  War  II 
and  was  well-received  when  he  spoke  at 
training  commands.  While  on  active  duty,  he 
was  a master  diver  (note  the  designation  on 
the  left  sleeve  of  his  service  dress  blue  coat). 

Those  of  us  who  have  heard  of  GMC 
Turpin  would  be  interested  in  more 
information  about  this  man.  ...The 
resulting  story  would,  I’m  sure,  be 
worth  telling. 

PCI  P.J.  McKenna 
Naval  Hospital,  Jacksonville,  Fla. 

Send  your  comments  to:  All  Hands,  Naval  Media  Center,  Bldg.  168, 
NAVSTA  Anacostia  (ATTN:  Editor), 

2701  S.  Capitol  St.  S.W.,  Washington,  D.C.  20373-5819 

or  e-mail:  allhand^ 

':;V  . ' 

YNCS  Mary  Jo  Cervantes,  USNR, 
during  her  annual  training  at  Naval  Air 
Weapons  Station  Point  Mugu,  Calif. 

One  Navy 

In  your  listing  of  “Shipmates”  on  page  48  | 
of  the  July  98  issue  you  profiled  Mary  Jo 
Cervantes  of  NAVAIRES  Point  Mugu. 
Unfortunately,  you  failed  to  mention  that  ( 
she  is  a YNCS  in  the  Naval  Reserve  and  ha;  ; 
been  a key  component  of  VP-65  and  their  ) 
consecutive  winning  of  the  COMRES- 
PATWINGPAC  Admin  Excellence  award. 

In  keeping  with  the  concept  of  “one 
Navy,”  active  and  reserves,  it  is  important  | 
to  let  our  active-duty  Sailors  know  what 
type  of  talent  resides  in  our  Naval 
Reservists.  I hope  you  will  be  able  to 
recognize  Senior  Chief  Cervantes  in  an 
upcoming  issue  of  All  Hands.  I can  assure 
you  that  ALL  drilling  Naval  Reservists  read  ■ 
your  publication  to  keep  abreast  of  the 
state  of  the  active-duty  Navy.  It  is  a 
valuable  tool  for  readiness.  Thank  You. 



The  Navy’s  Recruiting 
force  is  looking  for 
hundreds  of  energetic, 
hard-charging,  shore  duty- 
eligible  E-4s  to  volunteer  for 
recruiting  duty. 

Learn  valuable  skills  such  as 
marketing,  sales  and  public 

Third  class  petty  officers  on 
recruiting  duty  will  receive  the 
same  training  and  be  eligible 
for  the  same  benefits  and 
opportunities  as  their  more 
senior  shipmates,  including  the 
ability  to  compete  for  merito- 
rious advancement. 

“From  my  experience  in 
recruiting,  exceptional  third 
class  petty  officers  will  be  a 
tremendous  addition  to  the 
Navy  Recruiting  team,”  said 

Master  Chief  Machinist’s  Mate 
(SS)  Steve  Holton,  Navy 
Recruiting  Force  Master  Chief. 
“These  Sailors  can  easily  relate 
to  our  target  market  - 17-  to 
21 -year-old  men  and  women.” 
Interested  Sailors  should 
contact  Navy  Recruiting 
Command’s  Recruiter  Selection 
Team  at  (703)  696-4076  or  DSN 
426-4076  or  via  e-mail  at 

For  more  information  about 
Navy  recruiting,  visit  the 
following  websites. 

Navy  Recruiting  Command: 
Navy  Jobs: 

Information  provided  by  Navy 
Recruiting  Command  Public  Affairs. 


The  Job  Advertisement  and  Selection  System  (JASS)  is  now 
available  to  the  entire  fleet.  JASS  is  an  interactive,  on-line 
information  system  Sailors  can  access  via  their  Command 
Career  Counselor  to  electronically  apply  for  up  to  five  jobs  from  the 
enlisted  requisition  list.  With  JASS,  qualified  Sailors  have  an  equal 
opportunity  to  be  considered  for  a particular  job,  detailers  can 
ensure  the  best  match  is  made  for  any  particular  job,  and  Sailors 
don’t  have  to  queue  up  on  phone  lines  to  find  out  what  jobs  are 
available  because  JASS  is  the  actual  requisition  list  detailers  use  to 
do  their  jobs. 

It  works  like  this.  During  the  first  week  of  the  requisition,  JASS 
is  open  for  applications.  Sailors  within  nine  months  of  their 
Projected  Rotation  Date  (PRD)  can  sit  down  with  their  Command 
Career  Counselor  and  put  their  names  against  five  jobs  they  are 
qualified  to  fill. 

Don’t  worry  if  you  are  unable  to  make  applications  until  Friday 
of  the  first  week  because  detailers  will  not  begin  to  make  selections 
until  the  second  week  of  the  requisition  cycle.  If,  due  to  technical 
problems  or  insufficient  hardware,  a command  is  unable  to  log  on 
to  JASS,  Sailors  and  their 
Command  Career  Counselors  can 
call  their  detailers  who  will  enter 
their  applications. 

At  the  beginning  of  the 
second  week,  detailers  close  the 
requisition  for  new  applications 
and  begin  processing  all  the 
applications  received.  Selections 
are  made  based  on  many 
factors,  including: 

| The  needs  of  the  Navy,  to 
include  available  PCS 
funds,  hot  fills  and  opera- 
tional commitments. 

| The  Sailor’s  qualifica- 
tions for  the  job,  such 
as  PRD,  pay  grade 
and  NEC. 

H The  Sailor’s  desires,  as  noted  on  their  applications. 

Command  Career  Counselors  can  monitor  the  process  and 
inform  applicants  of  any  selections  that  are  made.  Most  selections 
are  made  by  Wednesday  of  the  selection  week  and  Sailors  can 
normally  expect  orders  within  four  to  eight  weeks. 

For  more  information,  contact  your  Command  Career 
Counselor  or  call  the  JASS  Help  Desk  at  1-800-537-4617 
(DSN:  678-7070)  or  email: 

Information  compiled  by  JOl  Jason  Thompson,  All  Hands. 


Rromd  lit 6 PUst 

Golden  Anchor  Six-peat 

Sonar  Technician  Chief  (SW) 
Sol  Fletcherel,  “ Sammy  B.  has 
always  been  a special  ship  and 
has  taken  an  aggressive 
approach  to  combating  attri- 
tion, especially  among 
first-termers  and  GENDETS 
(non-rated  seamen  and 
firemen).  Whether  through 
obtaining  a slot  at  “A”  school 
or  pursuing  a special  program, 
helping  the  individual  find  his 
niche  usually  benefits  the  indi- 
vidual and  the  Navy.” 

Fletcherel  has  found  that 
Sailors  who  have  a plan  are 

more  likely  to  consider  the 
Navy  for  a long-term  career. 

“ Sammy  B.  helped  me  get 
where  I wanted  to  go,”  said 
Operations  Specialist  2nd 
Class  (SW)  John  Fiansen. 
Hansen,  who  qualified  as  an 
Enlisted  Surface  Warfare 
Specialist  during  a deployment 
to  the  Arabian  Gulf,  will  be 
heading  to  recruiting  duty 
near  his  hometown  of 
Greenville,  Mich. 

Fire  Controlman  2nd  Class 
Gregory  Crump  agreed.  “Chief 
Fletcherel  really  went  out  of 
his  way  to  help  me  with  my 
BOOST  package.”  Crump  will 
be  reporting  to  BOOST 
(Broadened  Opportunity  for 
"«!®,^l®fficer  Selection  and  Training) 
in  Newport,  R.I.,  later  this 
summer  with  the  ultimate  goal 

of  obtaining  a college  degree 
and  a commission. 

Retention  is  a team  effort 
on  Roberts,  from  divisional 
career  counselors  to  shipmates 
who  have  “been  there”  and  are 
willing  to  lend  their  experience 
to  Sailors  making  career 
choices.  “The  quartermasters 
have  really  taken  me  under 
their  wing,”  said  Seaman 
Demetrous  Johnson  of  Del 
Norte,  Colo.,  who  plans  to  take 
the  third  class  exam  this  fall. 

Samuel  B.  Robert’s 
Commanding  Officer 
Christopher  M.  Wode  summed 
it  up  best,  “The  Sailors  we 
train  today  will  be  the  leaders 
and  surface  warriors  of  the 
21st  century.” 

Story  by  LTJG  Kevin  A.  Lane, 

USS  Samuel  B.  Roberts  (FFG  58). 

While  the  Chicago 
Bulls  were  chasing 
their  sixth  NBA 
Championship  of  the  1990s, 
USS  Samuel  B.  Roberts 
(FFG  58)  was  building  a 
dynasty  of  its  own.  Through 
strong  mentoring  programs 
and  an  unparalleled  commit- 
ment to  the  professional 
development  of  her  crew, 

“ Sammy  B.”  earned  her  sixth 
consecutive  Golden  Anchor 
Award  for  retention. 

According  to  Roberts’ 
Command  Career  Counselor, 

Postcard  From  the  Fleet 

Name:  Electronics  Technician  1st  Class  (SW) 
JL  Kathleen  M.  Padilla 
gi, ; 9 Command:  USS  La  Salle  (AGF  3) 

Hometown:  New  Hartford,  Conn. 

Favorite  Duty  Station:  Instructor  at  ET  “A" 
School,  Great  Lakes,  III. 

Favorite  Quote:  “Be  careful  what  you  wish  for.  You  may  get  it." 
Goals:  “Be  the  best  I can  be  wherever  the  Navy  takes  me.  Eventually 
to  retire  from  the  Navy  with  my  husband,  Frank." 

Keys  to  Success:  “Always  respect  and  have  pride  in  yourself  and  in 
the  job  you  do.  Be  the  example  and  lead  the  way.” 

A Cut  Above 

It’s  time  for  a change,  he  thought  as  he 
whisked  his  pen  across  the  page  and 
endorsed  the  plan  to  replace  the  denim, 
dungaree  trousers  and  chambray  shirts 
with  a newly-designed  65%  polyester/35% 
cotton  blend. 

Gone  are  the  patch  pockets  and 
bell-bottoms  - the  new  cut  matching 
that  of  the  working  khaki  uniform 
worn  by  officers  and  chiefs. 

The  color  remains  unchanged  - 
dark  blue  pants  and  light  blue  shirt. 

Machine  washable,  wrinkle  resistant 
and  complete  with  military  creases  and  embroidered 
nametags  and  patches,  these  new  uniforms  are 
durable  - resistant  to  snags,  pulls  and  runs. 

They  just  may  be  the  last  uniform  you  ever  buy. 
Not  a bad  way  to  start  off  the  new  millenium. 

Simply  Professional 

He  stood  with  his  face  to  the  wind  on  the 
bridge  wing  of  a destroyer  going  30  knots 
as  he  lifted  the  binoculars  to  look  for 
contacts.  The  crisp,  salt  air  cut  sharply  against 
his  exposed  features  but  bounced  harmlessly 
off  his  full-length,  Navy-blue,  submarine-style 

A generous  cut  with  room  to  move, 
insignias  on  the  collar  and  names  embroidered 
across  the  front,  he  had  thrown  them  on  in  an 
instant  when  the  general  quarters  alarm 
sounded.  Now,  he  stood  watching  and 
waiting -a  Sailor  at  sea. 

Finding  the  Y2K  Bug 

Atlantic  Fleet’s  Y2K 

office  is  attacking  the 
Millennium  Bug  with 
full  force.  In  addition  to  an 
aggressive  awareness  campaign, 
a website  and  a call-in  help 
desk,  they  recently  hosted  a 
series  of  one-day  training  sessions 
to  teach  Navy  commands  how 
to  accurately  inventory  all 
vulnerable  systems  and  assess 
the  degree  to  which  they 
may  be  affected. 

According  to  Atlantic  Fleet’s 
Y2K  Action  Officer,  CDR  Don 
Pacetti,  “One  of  the  most 
common  misconceptions  about 
Y2K  is  that  it’s  just  a computer/ 

information  technology 
problem.  It  isn’t.  It’s  much 
more  than  that.  Anything  that 
has  a microprocessor  in  it  is 
vulnerable.  You  have  to  know 
where  the  problems  are 
before  you  can  fix  them.” 

The  training  sessions  were 
designed  to  teach  Y2K  repre- 
sentatives how  to  search  for 
potential  problems.  “Our  goal 
is  to  develop  an  accurate 
inventory  of  Y2K  discrepan- 
cies in  mission  critical 
systems  so  we  can  prioritize 
our  renovation  efforts  and 
ensure  our  ships  and  shore 
stations  maintain  warfighting 
capability,”  said  Pacetti. 

For  more  information  visit 

Information  provided  by  U.S.  Atlantic  Fleet  Public  Affairs. 

By  Master  Chief  Petty  Officer  of  the 
Navy  MMCM(SS/SW/AW)  Jim  Herdt 

with  Sailors 

During  my  visits  with  Sailors 

throughout  the  fleet,  I often  get 
asked  about  when  advancements 
will  improve.  The  answer  is,  they  have  been 
improving  and  continue  to  improve  everyday. 

Since  the  March  1997  cycle,  E-4  quotas  have  risen  6 
percent,  E-5  quotas  have  risen  2 percent  and  E-6  quotas  have 
more  than  doubled.  The  chief  petty  officer  (CPO)  board  selected 
331  more  chiefs  this  year  than  they  did  last  year.  Also,  in  the 
most  recent  E-8/E-9  selection  boards,  senior  chief  quotas 
jumped  up  by  5 percent  and  master  chief  selections  were  up 
from  10  to  approximately  14  percent.  The  good  news  is  that  we 
not  only  expect  to  sustain  these  gains  but  we  anticipate  an 
increase  as  well. 

Quotas  are  improving  due  to  the  fact  that  we  are  quickly 
approaching  our  authorized  end  strength  - an  end  strength  we 
were  not  supposed  to  reach  until  2002.  We  are  way  ahead  of 
schedule.  At  our  current  rate  we  will  level  off  sometime  next 
year,  allowing  for  three  years  of  unprecedented  stability  in  our 
all-volunteer  force. 

Many  Sailors  forget  that  our  advancement  system  is  vacancy 
driven,  especially  Sailors  who  have  joined  the  Navy  in  the  past 
eight  years.  They  have  yet  to  experience  the  cyclic  nature  of  a 
true,  vacancy-driven  system.  Because  of  DOD’s  “rightsizing" 
initiatives,  advancement  quotas  have  been  low.  But,  as  we 
stabilize,  quotas  will  continue  to  go  up.  There  may  still  be  a few 
depressed  ratings  and  we  are  looking  at  what  actions  we  can 
take  to  bring  these  ratings  into  line  with  the  advancement 
opportunities  of  the  majority. 

My  advice  to  Sailors  is  as  it  has  always  been.  If  you  want  to 
advance,  work  hard,  study  smart  and  be  patient.  In  those 
ratings  where  advancement  opportunity  is  depressed,  Sailors 
might  want  to  consider  exploring  the  possibility  of  cross-rating. 

I look  forward  to  meeting  each  and  every  one  of  you  and 
answering  your  questions  in  person  during  one  of  my  many  trips 
to  the  fleet.  Keep  up  the  good  work. 

Speaking  with  Sailors  is  a new  monthly  column  initiated 
by  the  Master  Chief  Petty  Officer  of  the  Navy  as  a way 
of  reaching  out  to  the  men  and  women  of  the  fleet, 
whether  they  are  stationed  just  down  the  road  or  halfway 
around  the  world. 

Teen  Web 

ilitary  teens  have  a new  hangout  on  the  World  Wide  Web,  thanks  to  the  Department  of  Defense’s  Office  of  Family 
Policy.  Military  Teens  on  the  Move  caters  to  the  teenagers  of  service  members  and 

Department  of  Defense  civilian  employees.  It’s  a one-stop,  interactive  information  source  for  young  people  seeking  to 
connect  with  each  other  and  learn  more  about  military  life  - 
and  themselves. 

"Military  Teens  on  the  Move  was  designed  to  help 
teenagers  moving  to  a new  military  installation,”  said  Carolyn 
H.  Becraft,  deputy  assistant  defense  secretary  for  personal 
support,  families  and  education. 

The  site  offers  typical  moving  information  and  has  links  to 
military  installation  and  school  home  pages.  By  clicking  on  a 
“News  You  Can  Use”  icon,  teenagers  can  link  to  pages  for  homework  help,  volunteer  opportunities  and  college  information. 
Other  links  jump  to  pages  on  such  subjects  as  substance  abuse,  HIV,  dealing  with  parents  and  handling  difficult  situations. 

The  site  dedicates  an  entire  area  to  youth  sponsorship  programs,  which  pair  relocating  teens  with  a teen  at  the  new  instal- 
lation who  can  answer  questions,  send  information  and  maybe  show  them  around  once  they  arrive.  The  site  also  provides 
information  on  how  to  start  and  maintain  teen  sponsorship  programs  at  bases  that  may  not  have  them  yet. 

“Military  Teens  on  the  Move  also  features  a monitored  chat  room  and  bulletin  board  to  help  teens  keep  in  touch  with  each 
other  - further  enhancing  local  youth  sponsorship  efforts,”  Becraft  said.  “I  hope  that  teens  will  find  the  site  helpful  and  will 
want  to  volunteer  to  create  and  update  pages  for  the  site.” 

Military  Teens  on  the  Move  is  the  latest  in  the  Office  of  Family  Policy’s  suite  of  websites  on  military  assistance  programs. 

The  military  assistance  homepage  can  be  accessed  at  It  links  to  the  teen  site  and  many  others. 
Story  courtesy  of  American  Forces  Press  Service. 



House  Call 

arrin  and  Darrel  Cooper,  1 1 -year-old  twin  brothers  living  in 
San  Diego,  are  glued  to  the  television  almost  every  morning 
before  school,  but  they  are  not  watching  cartoons.  They  are 
trying  to  keep  their  chronic  asthma  under  control. 

Every  Monday,  Wednesday  and  Friday 
morning,  the  boys  call  up  nurse  Nina  Walker 
to  report  their  lungs’  performance 

(measured  on  a peak  flow  meter),  inform 
her  of  any  unusual  symptoms  and  get 
advice  on  medication. 

Walker  has  worked  with  the  Cooper  boys 
since  March,  when  the  Pediatric  Asthma  Tele- 
Case  Management  Project  began.  The  project  is 
sponsored  by  TRICARE  Southern  California,  the 
office  that  oversees  implementation  of  the  military  health  plan  and 
facilitates  managed  care  throughout  the  region’s  military  hospitals 
and  clinics.  Her  main  duties  are  to  provide  the 
children  with  day-to-day  care  and  manage 
their  medication  and  overall  health. 

Their  mother,  Data  Processing  Technician 
Second  Class  Umeki  Yvette  Cooper,  has  strug- 
gled to  manage  her  sons’  disease  since  they 
were  three.  Over  the  years,  the  boys  have 
suffered  dozens  of  asthma  attacks,  many  of 
them  requiring  nerve-racking  trips  to  hospital 
emergency  rooms  or  intensive  care  units. 

To  further  complicate  matters,  Cooper  deployed  aboard 
USS  Tarawa  (LHA  1)  in  February.  Since  then,  the  boys’  grand- 
mother, Carolyn  Clark,  has  taken  on  the  responsibility  of  caring  for 
the  boys  at  home.  But  according  to  Clark,  the  program  makes  caring 
for  the  youngsters  much  easier.  It’s  like  having  a specialist  in  our 
home  24  hours  a day,”  said  Clark.  “With  this 
program,  I’m  just  minutes  away  from  help 
and  I don’t  have  to  leave  the  house.” 
Currently,  the  Tele-Case  Management 
project  is  serving  six  families  throughout 
southern  California.  Each  family  has  a small 
video  camera  and  adapter  box  that  converts 
the  compressed  video  feed  from  a standard 
telephone  line  to  a TV  signal.  The  equip- 
ment is  available  at  consumer  electronic 

stores  for  about  $500. 

“Asthma  is  scary  because  you’re  dealing  with  literally  seconds,  not 
minutes  or  hours  to  respond,”  said  Cooper  in  an  e-mail  message 

from  on  board  Tarawa.  “During  an  attack,  you  are 
constantly  asking  yourself  the  question, 

‘should  I go  to  the  emergency  room  or  give 
another  treatment?’  This  new  technology 
gives  me  a nice  warm  and  fuzzy  feeling 
knowing  that  even  though  I am  deployed, 
my  mother  is  comfortable  with  the  idea  that 
there  is  someone  just  a phone  call  away.  It 
keeps  her  from  having  to  guess  and  keeps 
my  family  healthy  while  I’m  away.” 

Story  and  photos  provided  by  LT  Rick  Haupt,  public  affairs  officer, 
TRICARE  Region  9,  San  Diego. 

10  Sections 

USS  Barry  (DDG  52),  homeported  in  Norfolk,  will  soon 
increase  its  in-port  duty  rotation  to  10  sections, 
improving  readiness  and  crew  members’  quality  of  life. 
“The  expansion  from  six  to  10  duty  sections  will  mean  that 
our  Sailors  will  get  to  spend  the  equivalent  of  an  extra  month 
at  home  during  an  inter-deployment  cycle,”  calculated  Master 
Chief  Fire  Controlman  (SW)  Dave  Hales,  Barry’s  enlisted 
watchbill  coordinator. 

“When  we  first  started  this  project,  we  had  reservations 
about  the  feasibility  of  10-section  duty,”  said  Barry’s  senior 
watch  officer  LT  Neale  Ellis.  “As  the  idea  started  to  evolve,  I 
think  we  were  all  surprised  by  just  how  straightforward  its 
implementation  would  be.  Part  of  the  beauty  of  this  plan  is  that 
a ship  our  size  can  do  this  without  any  outside  assistance,  new 
technology  or  additional  money.” 

LCDR  Michael  Graham,  Barry’s  executive  officer,  believes 
more  than  just  quality  of  life  will  improve  with  this  plan. 

“There  are  a number  of  hidden  benefits  generated  by  this  push 
to  increase  the  number  of  duty  sections,”  he  said.  “Because  it 
requires  a more  well-rounded  duty  section  with  crew  members 
capable  of  wearing  many  different  hats,  the  net  result  is  a more 
qualified,  professional  crew  who  is  better  able  to  cope  with 

Story  by  FCC(SW)  John  S.  Prokop,  USS  Barry  (DDG  52). 


The  underway  replenishment  detail 
on  board  USS  Barry  (DDG  52)  stands 
ready  as  she  comes  alongside 
USS  George  Washington  (CVN  73). 


So  you  want  to  go  where  the  action  is  - New  York  City,  the 
Big  Apple,  the  City  that  Never  Sleeps.  Times  Square, 
Broadway,  Madison  Square  Garden,  Yankee  Stadium,  David 
Letterman,  Lady  Liberty  - you  want  it  all.  But  you  don’t  want 
to  deal  with  the  traffic  and  congestion  generated  by  6 million 
people  living  in  an  area  three  miles  long  and  only  two  miles 
wide.  Well,  the  Navy  has  the  perfect  spot  for  you  - the  Navy 

Ammunition  Depot  (NAD),  Earle,  New  Jersey. 




Located  47  miles  south  of  New  York  City, 
in  Colts  Neck  Township,  Monmouth 
County,  NAD  Earle  gives  Sailors  the  best 
of  both  worlds  - allowing  them  to  be  close 
to  the  diverse  cultural  and  recreational 
activities  of  a big  city  while  providing  the 
seclusion  and  security  of  a small  town. 

NAD  Earle  provides  logistical,  technical 
and  materiel  support  to  the  fleet  in  a 
variety  of  areas  ranging  from  combat  sub- 
systems and  retail  ammunition 
management  to  ordnance  packaging, 
handling  and  storage. 

The  station  - named  after  RADM 
Ralph  Earle,  the  Chief  of  the  Bureau  of 
Ordnance  during  World  War  I - was 
opened  in  1943  to  help  with  the  war  effort. 
It  is  split  into  two  locations  with  the  prin- 
ciple entrance,  called  Mainside,  connected 
to  the  waterfront  site  in  Middletown  by  a 
14-mile  corridor  and  rail  line. 

The  10,000- acre  Mainside  houses  most 
of  the  sites  facilities  as  well  as  the  state’s 
third  largest  railroad  - with  130  miles  of 
track,  seven  locomotives  and  340  railcars. 

“Everything  I heard  about  New  Jersey 

was  the  crime  and  how  dirty  it  was,”  said 
Hull  Technician  1st  Class  Paul  Abts, 
stationed  at  Shore  Intermediate 
Maintenance  Facility  (SIMA)  Earle, 

New  Jersey.  “But  when  I got  here  I was 
very  surprised.  This  is  just  like  where  I 
grew  up.  The  country  is  really  nice.” 

The  ordnance  department  uses  the 
waterfront  site  to  provide  ammunition  to 
nearly  every  ship  in  the  Navy  and  the 
Coast  Guard.  The  waterfront’s  pier 
complex  is  one  of  the  longest  “finger 
piers”  in  the  world  and  is  home  to  USS 
Supply  (AOE  6),  USS  Arctic  (AOE  8), 
Combat  Logistics  Group  2 and  SIMA. 
Made  up  of  a two-mile-long  main  trestle 
which  connects  to  a three-finger  pier,  it 
gives  Earle  the  capability  to  safely  load  and 
unload  weapons  from  a variety  of  ships. 

And  for  those  who  love  to  fish,  the 
finger  piers  are  hard  to  beat  “You  can 
actually  fish  right  on  the  pier,”  said 
Disbursing  Clerk  2nd  Class  Kevin  Boston, 
stationed  aboard  Arctic. 

“This  area  of  New  Jersey  is  more  like  a 
resort  town  than  a Navy  base,”  said 

An  aerial  view  of  Earle’s  three-finger  pier  during  the  aftermath  of  the  “Blizzard  of  ’96.” 

Radioman  3rd  Class  Horacio  Robertson, 
also  of  Arctic.  “There’s  plenty  to  do  and  it’s 
close  to  two  major  cities.” 

So  if  you’re  in  the  metropolitan  area, 
plan  to  visit  Earle,  New  Jersey.  You’re  going 
to  like  what  you  find.  And  besides,  the 
fish  are  biting. 

Allen  is  a photojournalist  assigned  to 
All  Hands. 

DK2  Kevin  Boston,  from  Long  Island,  N.Y., 
runs  out  of  the  cool  and  refreshing  ocean 
water  toward  the  warm  sands  of  Sandy 
Hook  - just  one  of  the  many  beaches 
located  near  Earle,  N.J. 



Photo  by  PH3  Lena  Gonzalez 

^#p5  V 


The  once-formidable,  Civil 
War  ironclad  USS  Monitor 
now  lies  in  230  feet  of 
water  off  the  coast  of 
North  Carolina  in  an  area 
known  as  the  “Graveyard 
of  the  Atlantic.” 

B y 

J O 1 




beneath  the  waves,  in  a dark,  cold,  unforgiving 

place  called  the  “Graveyard  of  the  Atlantic,”  lies  a 
piece  of  American  history.  For  136  years  the  sunken, 
Civil  War  ironclad  USS  Monitor  has  been  surren- 
dering her  secrets  to  the  sea  - quietly  whispering 
tales  of  a time  long  ago  when  iron-hulled  ships  lit 
up  the  night  sky  with  their  cannons  near  Flampton 
Roads.  No  one  heard  those  whispers  - until  now. 



Officers  of  USS  Monitor,  July  9, 1862 

The  Navy,  in  cooperation  with  the  National  Oceanic  and 
Atmospheric  Administration  (NOAA),  recently  dove  into  the 
past  as  30  Sailors  from  Naval  Amphibious  Base  Little  Creek’s 
Mobile  Diving  and  Salvage  Unit  (MDSU)  2 tried  to  stop  the 
slow  erosion  of  a piece  of  our  naval  heritage. 

MDSU-2,  the  same  unit  that  aided  the  TWA  Flight  800 
recovery  effort  after  the  jetliner  crashed  off  the  coast  of  Long 
Island,  N.Y.,  spent  three  weeks  in  late  May  aboard  the  NOAA 


salvage  ship  Kellie  Chouest  about  15  miles  south  of  Cape 
Hatteras,  N.C.  Working  at  a depth  of  230  feet,  the  divers  were 
tasked  with  obtaining  hull  and  sediment  samples  - but  they 
came  back  with  so  much  more. 

After  two  and  a half  weeks  of  difficult  diving,  made  worse  by 
heavy,  unpredictable  seas  and  strong,  bottom  currents,  the 
divers  breathed  a sigh  of  pride  and  relief  as  the  propeller  and 
shaft  were  raised  from  the  bottom.  “NOAA  didn’t  think  we 
could  do  it,”  said  Machinist’s  Mate  1st  Class  (SW/DV)  Roger 
Riendeau.  “They  would’ve  been  happy  with  a survey  of  the 
wreck,  and  maybe  some  sediment  samples.  But  we  said  all 
along  that  we  were  going  to  get  the  propeller  and  that’s 
what  we  did.” 

MDSU-2  Sailors  made  55  dives  over  the  course  of  the 
salvage  operation  totaling  close  to  60  hours  at  depth.  But  the 
most  demanding  part  of  the  operation  was  probably  the 
hundreds  upon  hundreds  of  hours  they  spent  decompressing. 

At  a depth  of  230  feet,  the  pressure  is  intense  and  visibility  is 
hazy  at  best.  But  Riendeau  and  the  other  divers  still  were  able  to 
witness  something  that  only  a handful  of  people  have  ever  seen 
- a living  ghost.  “At  the  wreckage,  you  could  still  see  the  outline 
of  the  ship,  but  you  had  to  look  hard,”  said  the  Ware,  Mass., 
diver.  “She  sank  in  an  inverted  position  exposing  all  the  iron 
armor  that  plated  the  ship.” 

In  this  artist’s  depiction, 
Monitor  slugs  it  out  with  the 
confederate  ironclad  CSS 
Virginia,  March  9, 1862.  The 
battle  was  a draw,  but  naval 
warfare  changed  forever. 

The  Monitor’s  revolving 
turrett  was  her  most 
distinguishing  characteristic. 

Revoloving  a full  360 
degrees,  it  allowed  the  ship 
to  fire  in  any  direction 
regardless  of  heading.  Note 
the  canopy  atop  the  turret. 


The  divers  also  found  the  remnants  of  an  earlier  dive 
by  USS  Edenton  (ATS  1)  from  three  yeais  ago.  Edenton’s 
divers  tried  to  remove  the  propeller  using  an  under- 
water torch  and  were  about  an  eighth  of  an  inch 
through  the  shaft  when  rough  weather  forced  them  to 
abandon  the  operation  and  vacate  the  area.  In  fact,  the 
team  left  so  fast  they  left  a few  things  behind,  including 
their  anchor. 

“This  was  the  apex  of  my  career.  The  best  dive  I’ve 
ever  been  a part  of,”  said  Riendeau.  “The  teamwork  and 
camaraderie  was  unlike  any  other  dive  Lve  been  on. 

This  was  a hoo-yah  for  us.” 

MDSU-2’s  Monitor  recovery  team  is  now  secured  and  the 
Monitor’s  propeller  and  shaft  have  been  transported  to  the 
Mariner’s  Museum  in  Newport  News,  Va.,  where  they  will 
undergo  an  extensive  preservation  process. 

On  the  ocean  floor,  bottom  currents  will  gradually  cover 
what  remains  of  the  Monitor’s  hull  beneath  a blanket  of  srlt 
and  mud,  but  her  significance  in  the  evolution  of  naval  warfare 
can  never  be  buried. 

Benson  is  the  assistant  editor  for  All  Hands. 


/a/ ctaaS o/af < 

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A Piece  of  American 
Naval  History 

Monitor  was  the  first  of  a class  of  low-free- 
board, turreted  warships  developed  during 
the  Civil  War  by  the  Swedish- American 
engineer  and  inventor  John  Ericsson. 
Launched  at  Greenpoint,  Long  Island,  Jan.  30, 
1862,  the  ship  was  approximately  172  feet 
long,  had  a beam  of  42  feet  and  was 
constructed  almost  entirely  of  iron.  When 
fully  loaded,  it  drew  only  nine  feet  of  water 
and  had  virtually  no  freeboard.  In  fact,  she 
was  the  first  ship  to  have  the  engines  and  living  spaces 
below  the  water  fine.  She  also  had  a newly-designed 
revolving  turret  which  housed  two  1 1 -inch  Dahlgren  guns. 

On  the  morning  of  March  9,  1862,  Monitor  met  the 
Confederate  ironclad  CSS  Virginia  (formerly  USS 
Merrimack ) at  Hampton  Roads,  Va.,  for  the  first-ever 
confrontation  between  ironclad  warships.  Despite 
Virginia’s  much  larger  size  and  firepower,  Monitor  held 
the  tactical  advantage  because  of  her  revolving  gun 
turret  - an  improvement  over  Virginia’s  traditional 

e w 

;r  ;S3-S3C+Aon  of  tiie  ".o'nit'or  Hull  and  Turr  1. 
-;r.;.£ina-l  d-rawi-ws  by  John  -Ljricssou  for  U.S.6. 
....itur.  v6oned  ldu6  bv'G.  ^mil  i.-.-sse,  HagC  or 
1'  ‘ • . Ho  authority -to  orint.  - Y 

broadside  guns.  The  battle,  which  ended  in  a draw  after 
the  combatants  exchanged  cannon  fire  for  four  hours  - 
sometimes  at  point-blank  range,  marked  the  beginning 
of  the  end  for  traditional  wooden  ships  of  war  and 
forever  changed  the  way  naval  warfare  was  to  be  waged. 
Monitor  was  lost  in  a storm  off  Cape  Hatteras,  N.C.,  on 
Dec.  31, 1862,  taking  16  officers  and  crewmen  to  the 
bottom  with  her. 

In  1973,  111  years  after  its  sinking,  Monitor  was 
discovered  off  the  coast  of  North  Carolina  in  230  feet  of 
water  in  an  area  known  as  the  “Graveyard  of  the 
Atlantic”  - so  named  because  of  its  unpredictable  condi- 
tions and  subsequent  ability  to  inflict  heavy  damage  on 
seafaring  vessels.  According  to  Jeff  Johnson,  a historian 
with  the  Monitor  National  Marine  Sanctuary,  “They 
don’t  call  it  a graveyard  for  nothing.  You’ve  got  a warm- 
water  current  and  a cold-water  current  and  when  they 
meet  you  can  have  a crystal-clear  sky  and  25-foot  waves.” 
Monitor’s  final  resting  place  was  designated  as  the  first 
national  marine  sanctuary  in  1975. 

Story  compiled  by  JOl  Jason  Thompson,  a photojournalist 
assigned  to  All  Hands,  from  information  provided  by  the 
Monitor  National  Marine  Sanctuary  and  the  National 
Oceanic  and  Atmospheric  Administration  (NOAA). 

More  than  a passing 

Photo  story  by  J01  Robert  Benson 

Iast  week,  Master  Chief  Petty 
Officer  of  the  Navy  Jim  Herdt 
shook  143  hands.  He  spoke  to 
2,411  Sailors.  He  made  133 
phone  calls.  He  spoke  with  a 
i handful  of  senior  admirals.  And  he  did 
i what  he  enjoys  doing  most,  “Getting 
i out  to  the  ships  and  talking  with  those 
i who  do  the  work  - the  Sailors.”  As 
| the  new  MCPON,  Herdt  follows  a 
i schedule  that  makes  the  President  look 
i like  a shut-in.  But  he  does  it  for  one 
j reason  - to  have  a voice  in  policy  that 
i affects  Sailors.  Follow  him  for  a day  - a 
typical  day. . . with  an  untypical  man. . . 
i in  the  “best  damn  Navy  in  the  world.” 

There’s  only  one  man  in  the  Navy 
who  wears  three  stars  above  his 
anchor  - MMCM(SS/SW/AW)  Jim 
Herdt,  the  ninth  Master  Chief  Petty 
Officer  of  the  Navy.  It  took  the 
Casper,  Wyo.,  native  28  years,  but 
Herdt  has  reached  what  some 
term  the  pinnacle  of  enlisted 
success.  He  is  the  senior  enlisted 
advisor  of  the  Navy.  As  MCPON, 
Herdt  is  responsible  for  advising 
the  Chief  of  Naval  Personnel  on 
matters  affecting  the  morale, 
retention,  career  enhancement  and 
general  well-being  of  “his  enlisteds.’ 

The  MCPON  is  never  out  of  touch.  While  cruising  down  the 
Washington  Beltway,  headed  toward  National  Naval  Medical  Center, 
Bethesda,  Md.,  Herdt  talks  with  a master  chief  in  San  Diego  about 
the  implementation  of  the  new  Navy  uniform,  as  JOC(AW)  Natalie 
Dias  prepares  his  notes.  “The  MCPON  will  usually  get  a quick 
update  or  refresher  via  phone  prior  to  going  into  a meeting  or  giv- 
ing a speech,”  said  YN2(SW)  Thomas  Lindamood  (right),  who  serves 
as  the  MCPON’s  administrative  assistant.  Lindamood,  who  was 
hand  picked  for  the  job,  said  he  was  chosen  partially  due  to  his 
background  (he  has  served  on  ships  and  shore  duty  both  in  and 
outside  of  the  United  States).  “They  wanted  someone  who  could 
give  the  MCPON  an  opinion  on  certain  deckplate  issues.” 

Chief  Dias  accompanies  the  MCPON  through  the 
maze-like  hallways  of  the  largest  office  building  in 
the  world  - the  Pentagon,  which  is  just  down  the  road 

from  the  MCPON’s  office  at  the  Navy  Annex.  The 

MCPON  meets  with  the  CNO  at  least  once  a week  to 

discuss  Navy  policy  and  fleet  readiness. 

With  the  eloquence  of  a 
politician,  Herdt  delivers  a 
speech  at  the  Senior  Enlisted 
Medical  Department  Conference, 
covering  such  issues  as 
retention,  building  a Sailor  and 
leadership  by  example.  “The 
best  part  of  this  job  is  getting 
out  of  the  office  and  talking 
with  Sailors,”  said  Herdt. 

It’s  nearing  the  end  of  the  day, 
and  Herdt  stops  by  his  house  for 
a quick  bite  to  eat  and  some 
precious  time  with  his  wife, 
Sharon,  before  heading  back  to 
the  office.  “Thirty  years  ago  we 
were  married;  about  a year  after 
I joined  the  Navy,”  said  Herdt. 
“It’s  hard  to  put  into  words  how 
important  spouse  support  is. 
Someone  once  said,  ‘Behind 
every  successful  man  there’s  a 
supporting  wife.’  And  in  today’s 
Navy  that’s  true.  We  just  say, 
‘Behind  every  Sailor  there’s  a 
supportive  spouse.’  I can’t  say 
enough  about  how  much  they 
mean  to  the  Navy.” 

1 § 


Good  Navy  training  from  the 
MCPON  has  worked  wonders 


with  Shelby,  the  Herdt’s  poodle. 
Through  long  walks,  good  meals 
and  ball  catching,  the  four-year- 
old  poodle  has  truly  become  one 
of  Herdt’s  best  friends. 

Chief  Machinist's  Mate  (SW/AW) 
Richard  T.  Sherman 

Chief  Engineman  (EOD) 
Eric  C.  Pettus 



Chief  Disbursing  Clerk  (SW/AW)  Chief  Gunner's  Mate  (SEAL) 

Ray  D.  Hobbs  Christopher  Zevallos 


Photo  by  TSGT  Scott  Wagers 

By  J01  Robert  Benson 

hen  he  set  off  on  a four-day,  infiltration  mission  through  snow- 
covered  mountains  in  the  dead  of  winter,  he  knew  what  to  do. 
When  he  was  asked  to  run  miles  in  the  sand  carrying  a tree  above 
his  head,  he  knew  what  to  do.  When  he  had  to  jump  out  of 
airplane  and  free-fall  for  30,000  feet  before  opening  his  para- 
chute, he  knew  what  to  do. 

But  now,  faced  with  a seemingly  simple  decision,  Gunner’s 
Mate  1st  Class  (SEAL)  Christopher  Zevallos  is  at  a loss.  He  just 
can’t  seem  to  make  a decision  about  where  to  spend 
the  one-week  free  vacation  he  won  for  being  selected 
as  the  1998  Reserve  Sailor  of  the  Year. 

“There’s  a lot  of  great  perks  that  go  along  with 
this,”  said  Zevallos.  “I  become  a chief,  I’ll  serve  on 
various  policy-making  boards  and  I’ll  meet  a lot  of 
people  when  I go  to  Washington,  D.C.,  for  the  official 

And  he’ll  become  one  of  those  people  that  gets 
pointed  at  and  talked  about  under  hushed  lips.  Such  is 
the  life  of  a SOY.  The  word  of  his  selection  as  SOY  hit 
him  with  Mardi  Gras-like  excitement  May  7,  in  a New 
Orleans  ceremony.  “It  was  myself  and  three  other  candi- 
dates who  went  up  for  the  title,”  said  Zevallos.  “I  was 
really  impressed  with  the  other  Sailors;  any  one  of  us 
could  have  been  selected  - they  were  really  great  guys.” 
Zevallos,  a native  of  Orcutt,  Calif.,  said 
v he  received  a lot  of  positive  response 

from  his  peers  after  word  of  his  selection 
spread.  “As  a SEAL,  when  you’re  working 
with  the  fleet,  you  always  feel  that  you’re 
being  observed.  They  check  to  see  if 
you’re  really  all  you’re  cut  out  to  be.  So 
taking  on  the  Sailor  of  the  Year  title  is 
kind  of  like  that  - people  are  going  to  be 
watching  me  a little  closer  now.” 

They’ve  been  doing  that  for  years  though,  ever  since  he  signed 
on  for  SEAL  training  in  October  1991.  His  first  assignment  was 
with  SEAL  Team  1 at  Naval  Amphibious  Base,  Coronado,  Calif. 
He  made  three  overseas  deployments  during  that  tour.  Following 
his  release  from  active  duty  in  August  1996,  Zevallos  immediately 
affiliated  with  Naval  Reserve  Naval  Special  Warfare  Group  1,  Det. 
219,  Naval  Reserve  Center,  Port  Hueneme,  Calif.  When  he’s  not 
drilling  for  Reserve  duty,  Zevallos  works  at  Vandenberg  Air  Force 
Base  in  Lompoc,  Calif. 

Zevallos  is  married  to  the  former  Elizabeth  Ann  Beamsley  of 
La  Habra,  Calif.  They  reside  in  Orcutt  and  have  four  children, 
Lesley,  Jeffrey,  Ashley  and  Mark.  Perhaps  the  youth  surrounding 
him  inspires  his  positive  outlook.  “SEAL  training  is  like  a self- 
confidence  course.  You  get  confidence  in  life  - confidence  that  is 
so  unmatched  that  you  are  able  to  conduct  any  mission.” 

Now,  if  he  could  only  solve  that  vacation  thing. 

trip  him  of  all  his  glory. 

Take  away  the  perfectly-creased,  military  uniform,  the 
spit-shined  shoes,  the  confident  leadership,  the  raw 
enthusiasm,  the  incredible  job  skills  and  the  Navy  pride  - take 
all  that  away  and  look  again.  You’ll  see  something  else. 

You’ll  see  a man  with  something  that  puts  him  a notch 
above  the  average  Sailor  - the  ability  to  get  things  done. 

But  don’t  accuse  him  of  being  better  than  the 
average  Sailor,  otherwise  Machinist’s  Mate  1st  Class 
(SW/AW)  Richard  T.  Sherman,  the  1998  Shore  Sailor  of 
the  Year,  might  get  upset. 

“I  don’t  agree  with  that  average  Sailor  thing,”  he 
pronounces.  “That  average  Sailor  makes  the  Navy  work. 
There’s  no  job  an  average  Sailor  can’t  do.  It’s  all  about 
mission  accomplishment  and  the  average  Sailor  helps  us 
meet  that  goal.” 

Honor,  courage  and  commitment  run  in  this  guy’s  blood. 
“I  don’t  sit  behind  a desk  and  tell  my  people  what  to  do,  I’m 
right  there  with  them.  I’ve  been  lucky  to  have  worked  for  a 
lot  of  good  chiefs  and  officers  who  have  honed  my  skills  and 
taken  very  good  care  of  me.” 

His  strong  beliefs  were  likely  forged  during  his  many 
years  at  sea.  Sherman,  who  calls  himself  a “deckplate  Sailor,” 
has  been  on  ships  nearly  his  whole  career,  including 

USS  Capodanno  (FF  1093), 

USS  Dixon  (AS  37),  USS  Leahy 
(CG  16)  and  ARCO  (a  floating 
drydock).  His  shore  duty  assign- 
ments include  Lackland  Air 
Force  Base,  San  Antonio,  and 
Naval  Air  Station,  Miramar, 

Calif.,  where  he  was  selected  as 
the  1996  and  1997  Sailor  of  the 
Year  and  as  runner-up,  1996 
Commander,  Naval  Air  Forces, 
Pacific  Fleet  Shore  Sailor  of  the  Year. 

“I’m  just  out  there  doing  my  job,”  said  the  Boston  native. 
But  it  takes  more  than  doing  your  job  to  be  called  the  best  of 
the  best.  “You  have  to  have  enthusiasm  on  the  job.  You  must 
also  have  professional  knowledge.  You  have  to  care  for  your 
people  and  you  have  to  work  hard.” 

Call  it  his  recipe  for  success  - a recipe  he  hopes  to  parlay 
into  two  stars. 

No,  not  admiral’s  stars  - the  stars  of  a master  chief. 



By  PH  2 Joseph  Gunder 

Cash  in  q In 

isbursing  Clerk  1st  Class  (SW/AW) 

Ray  D.  Hobbs  joined  the  Navy  to  be  an 
accountant,  and  by  his  calculations,  his 
selection  as  the  Atlantic  Fleet  Sailor  of 
the  Year  really  adds  up. 

“It’s  something  I just  can’t  put  into 
words,”  said  Hobbs.  “It’s  the  pinnacle 
of  my  career.  I just  wanted  to  be  Sailor  of  the  Year  on  my  ship, 
USS  Vicksburg  (CG  69).  It’s  an  honor.  I couldn’t  have  done  it 
alone.  It’s  all  the  good  people  I work  with  - the  chiefs,  the 
disbursing  officer  and  everyone  who  offered  career  advice.” 
Hobbs  joined  the  Navy  in  1982.  After  Disbursing  Clerk  “A” 
school,  he  reported  to  Fleet  Air  Reconnaissance  Squadron  2 in 
Rota,  Spain,  with  a follow-on  tour  at  the  Personnel  Support 

He  got  out  in  1989  and  furthered  his  education  at  a local 
college  near  his  hometown  of  Fayetteville,  Ark.  But,  he 
“missed  the  camaraderie  of  being  in  the  Navy.” 

Hobbs  believes  pursuing  his  education  is  important  for  a 
couple  of  reasons.  “The  Navy  might  be  a career,  but  it’s  not  a 
lifetime.  That’s  why  off-duty  education  is  so  important.  You 
have  to  prepare  yourself. 

“If  there’s  anything  the  Navy  has  given  me,  it’s  the  disci- 
pline and  the  tools  to  advance,”  he  said.  “If  you  put  your  mind 
to  it,  and  apply  yourself  whole-heartedly  and  utilize  those 
around  you,  you  can  meet  your  goals.” 

In  an  environment  where  most  of  the  work  force  is  in 
their  late  teens  and  early  20s,  “You  need  to  have  a good  ear, 
enforce  the  rules,  but  be  the  example,”  said  Hobbs.  “If  you 
just  listen  to  people  and  keep  an  open  mind,  we  can  bridge 
the  generation  gap.” 

Hobbs  has  no  desire  to  accept  mediocrity.  “I  want  to 
further  myself.  I want  to  move  up,  maybe  even  be  a senior  or 
a master  chief  - possibly  even  a limited  duty  officer  in  the 
supply  corps.  I want  to  be  the  type  of  CPO  anybody  can 
approach  for  anything.  I want  to  be  able  to  help  people  by 
using  contacts  in  the  mess,  or  through  networking.” 

Hobbs  considers  it  a real  honor  to  represent  the  Navy. 
“There’s  a lot  of  pressure  to  live  up  to  this  new  standard. 
Never  in  my  wildest  dream  did  I believe  I’d  ever  be  a SOY.  But 
I always  strive  to  be  the  best  I can.” 

e was  almost  a soldier.  In  fact,  when  Eric  C.  Pettus  walked  into 
the  recruiting  office  in  1986,  the  Army  was  his  first  choice.  But 
then  the  Navy  caught  his  eye  and  he  has  never  looked  back.  He 
wanted  to  see  the  world  and  now  he  owns  it,  having  been 
selected  as  the  Pacific  Fleet  Sailor  of  the  Year. 

Though  he  is  rated  as  an  engineman,  Pettus  wanted  more. 

“I  wanted  something  exciting,  and  this  certainly  is  no  ordinary 
job,”  said  Pettus,  who  gets  to  make  things  blow  up  as  an 
explosive  ordnance  disposal  technician.  “Actually,  we  call  it 
rendering  them  safe.  We  deal  with  all  kinds  of  explosives  - 
mines,  nuclear  weapons,  chemical  explosives.”  It’s  clear  if  you 
listen  to  Pettus  talk  that  he  really  likes  doing  what  he  does. 

His  secret  for  success:  “Hard  work,  a good  crew  and  good 
officers  are  what  you  need  to  get  you  through.” 

After  Explosive  Ordnance 
Disposal  School,  he  joined  the 
crew  of  USS  Elrod  (FFG  55)  and 
later  served  with  Explosive 
Ordnance  Disposal  Mobile 
Units  4 and  3.  It  was  at 
Explosive  Ordnance  Disposal 
Group  1 that  he  became  the 
Leading  Petty  Officer  of  the 
Diving  Platoon.  Pettus  said 
that  at  one  time  he  needed  an 
attitude  check  - an  attitude 
check  that  today  influences  the 
way  he  treats  those  who  work 
for  him.  “It  was  an  inspection 
and  I was  feeling  a little  head- 
strong - a little  full  of  myself  because  I was  an  EOD. 

I was  busy  running  my  mouth,  talking  back  to  the 
inspectors.  One  of  them  was  a master  chief,  a senior 
EOD.  He  pulled  me  aside  and  basically  told  me  to 
keep  my  mouth  shut  and  my  ears  open.”  In  Pettus’ 
line  of  work  there  is  no  time  for  cockiness  and  no 
room  for  error. 

Pettus  just  completed  one  of  his  goals,  to  be  a 
Master  EOD  Technician,  which  means  he  is 
qualified  to  lead  dive  teams.  Eventually,  he  wants  to 
apply  for  the  limited  duty  officer  program. 

The  31 -year-old  considers  himself  a family  man. 

He  enjoys  spending  time  with  his  wife,  Weslie,  and 
his  daughter,  Sydney.  He  loves  to  play  golf  and  often  lends  his 
time  and  experience  while  working  at  his  daughter’s  golf 
camp.  Pettus  isn’t  quite  sure  where  the  future  will  take  him. 
But  he  is  pretty  sure  it  will  have  something  to  do  with 
“rendering  them  safe.” 



Photo  by  JOI  Rodney  J.  Furry 

ARMS...  AND  A FEW  SURPRISES.  By  Pam  Kidd 

Photo  courtesy  of  the  Memphis  Convention  & Visitors  Bureau 

Millington  is  located  just  20  miles 
from  downtown  Memphis  - a city 
which  has  achieved  a balanced  landscape 
of  lush  trees  and  urban  skyscrapers. 

n the  crest  of  a brand-new 
century,  BUPERS  is  rolling 
into  Millington.  And  for  long- 
time residents  and  newcomers  alike, 

uncertain  endings  are  becoming  bright,  new  beginnings. 

After  a congressionally-mandated  Base  Realignment  and 

Closure  (BRAC)  Commission 
relocated  Millington’s  Navy  Air 
Technical  Training  Center  to 
Pensacola,  Fla.,  in  1996,  this 
Tennessee  town’s  livelihood 
seemed  threatened. 

Then  came  the  announcement: 

The  Navy’s  Bureau  of  Personnel  (BUPERS), 
the  department  that  coordinates  all  personnel 
within  the  Navy,  would  move  to  Millington 
from  Washington,  D.C. 

“For  hometown  folks,  our  motto  had  long 
been  that  Millington  is  ‘the  best-kept  secret  in 
Tennessee,”’  says  Teresa  Beans,  executive  director 
of  the  Millington  Area  Chamber  of  Commerce. 
“When  we  first  heard  that  BUPERS  had  been 
reassigned  to  Millington,  we  realized  it  was  time 
to  share  our  secret  with  a host  of  new  friends 
who  would  be  coming  from  Washington.” 

Meanwhile,  up  on  Maryland’s  Eastern 
Shore,  Debbie  Mullins  was  trying  to  digest  that 
same  news  from  a very  different  vantage  point. 

Continued  on  next  page. 


Photo  courtesy  of  Memphis  Convention  & Visitors  Bureau 

Hernando  DeSoto  Bridge 

When  her  husband,  Bill,  a BUPERS 
employee,  announced  that  they  would 
be  leaving  their  home  on  Kent  Island, 
outside  Washington,  and  moving  to  a 
little  town  in  Tennessee,  she  was  shaken. 

“The  Washington  area  had  been 
home  all  my  life,”  says  Mullins.  “My 
husband  worked  at  BUPERS  in  the 
Navy’s  Morale,  Welfare  and  Recreation 
(MWR)  Department,  and  for  him  it’s 
not  a job,  but  a way  of  life.  So  I knew 

looking  for  employment  outside  of 
MWR  was  out  of  the  question.  ...  I 
knew  we  were  Tennessee-bound.” 

Back  in  Millington,  Beans  and  other 
community  leaders  were  just  beginning 
to  comprehend  the  scope  of  change  that 
BUPERS  would  bring.  In  1990,  the 
census  listed  Millington’s  annual  per 
capita  income  at  $8,000.  This  low  figure 
was  easily  traced  to  the  thousands  of 
entry-level  Sailors  who  resided  on  the 
Navy  base.  Now  BUPERS  would  be 
replacing  those  Sailors  with  1,428  mili- 
tary personnel  with  an  average  annual 
income  of  $76,000.  The  base  would  also 
employ  1,200  civilian  personnel  with  an 
average  annual  income  of  $61,000. 

“We  knew  that  everything  would  be 
affected  - from  city  government  to  new 
housing  construction  to  filling  our 

schools  and  churches,”  says  Beans. 

And  BRAC  was...  benefiting 
Millington  in  other  ways  as  well.  For  the 
first  time,  MWR  facilities  opened  to 
civilian  membership,  offering  to  the 
community  at  large  a range  of  amenities 
from  golf,  horseback  riding  and  other 
recreation  activities  to  travel  agency 
services  and  equipment  rentals. 

Photo  courtesy  of  Memphis  Convention  & Visitors  Bureau 




The  year  is  1878  and  a northern  Shelby  County  plantation  owner  is  determined  to  help  a 
small  group  of  settlers  establish  a frontier  town  along  the  newly-established  Chesapeake 
and  Ohio  railroad  line  - a rail  line  which  just  happens  to  criss-cross  his  5,000  acre  tract 
of  land.  Seeing  as  how  a large  portion  of  that  land  is  elevated  and  perfect  for  building  homes, 
the  plantation  owner  figures  the  best  way  to  get  those  folks  started  is  to  give  them  a huge 
chunk  of  it.  And  so  it  was  that  the  land  was  donated  and  a town  was  built  - and  named  after 
its  most  benevolent  benefactors,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  George  Millington. 

And  in  the  end,  the 
city  of  Millington  wasn’t 
the  only  winner,  as 
transplants  such  as 
Debbie  Mullins  would 
soon  learn.  Living 
expenses  are  consider- 
ably lower  in  West 
Tennessee,  housing  is 
more  affordable,  public 
schools  are  highly  rated 
and  commutes  are  rela- 
tively short. 

“The  people  of 
Millington  befriended  us 
and  helped  us  cope  with 
the  immense  change  we 
were  experiencing,”  says 
Mullins.  “Their  genuine 
concern  for  our  well-being  Beale  Street 

helped  us  assimilate 
quickly  into  the  area. 
We’re  now  active 
members  of  Millington’s 
First  Baptist  Church  as 
well  as  the  city’s 
Chamber  of  Commerce. 
Our  daughter,  Crystal, 
attends  Millington  High 
School,  where  she  has 
made  many  good 
friends.  And  neither  Bill 
nor  I miss  the  conges- 
tion of  the  East  Coast, 
especially  the  three- 
hour  daily  commute  in 
and  out  of  D.C.” 

“Now,  more  than 
ever,  Millington  has  the 
best  of  both  worlds,” 

Photo  courtesy  of  University  of  Memphis 

University  of  Memphis  Football 

says  Beans.  “We  look  forward  to  [later 
this  year],  when  the  BUPERS  move  to 
Millington  will  be  complete,  but  for  now, 
the  secret  is  out  and  we  believe  that  the 
quality  of  life  in  Millington  surpasses 
all  others.  We  have  all  the  amenities 
of  a large  city  nearby,  in  a place  where 
the  city  fathers  listen  to  local  citizens, 
the  streets  are  safe,  people  feel  secure  . . . 
and  newcomers  are  welcomed  with