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TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT 



AMERICAN BAPTIST BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



PHILADELPHIA, APRIL, 1839. 



CONTENTS 



Annual Meeting of the Board, 
Twenty-Fifth Annual Report, 
Missions in North America, 
Ojibwas — Ottawas in Michigan, 
Oneidas and Tuscaroras — Shawanoes, 
Delawaies — Putawatomies — Oltawas, 
Otoes — Oraahas — Cherokees, 
Creeks — Choctaws, . . - 

Missions in Europe, 
France, . - . - 

Germany, . . . - 

Greece, . - - - - 

Mission in Africa, 

Liberia, . . . - 

Missions in Asia, . . - 

Burmah, Maulmain, 
Rangoon, . - - • 

Ava — Tavoy, - - - - 

Arracan — Siam and China, 
A'sa'm, . . - - 

Teloogoos, . . . - 

Missionary Appointments, 

Changes in the Board, - - - 

Financial Operations, 

Receipts and Expenditures, 

Recapitulation, . - - - 

Conclusion, . . - - 

Report of the Treasurer, 

Donations, . - . - - 

Recent Intelligence, 

Te/oog-ooa.— Letter of Mr. Day, 

Increasing probability of war with Burmah, 



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To the Pastor of the Baptist Church in- 



Reverend and Dear Sib, 

The Acting Board of the Baptist General Convention, agreeably to a resolu- 
tion passed at their late meeting at Philadelphia, beg leave to address you on 
the subject of missions to the heathen. Were we not thus authorized, we 
should, however, make no apology for thus opening a correspondence with you. 
When our Savior wished to convey a message to the seven churches of Asia, 
he wrote to the Ange's, the Pastors, of the churches. Did he not mean to inti- 
mate that the Pastors were held, in a definite manner, responsible for the 
religious condition of their people ? If a people fail in their duty to the heathen, 
from the neglect of their Pastor to spread the facts before them, will not the 
blood of souls be justly required at his hands? 

The facts, beloved brother, which we respectfully ask permission to Bet 
befoi'eyou, are, briefly, these. It is but little more than twenty-five years since 
God, by leading our brethren Judson and Rice into the truth on the subject of 
baptism, provided us at once with a most able and efficient missionary among 
the heathen, and also with a most eloquent advocate of the cause of missions 
at home. To the voice of Providence, thus audibly summoning us to our duty, 
we responded ; and missions among the heathen were at once established, 
with encouraging prospects of success. Soon, however, the Burmese war oc- 
curred. Some of our missionaries were driven from Rangoon by the commo- 
tions which ensued, and the others were immured in dungeons at Ava. At the 
restoration of peace, however, a new era dawned upon the mission. Embar- 
rassments at hovoe and abroad were removed, and we entered with renewed 
energy upon the work. 

The blessing of God has been so abundantly bestowed upon our labors, that 
we have been, with eveiy successive year, invited to enter upon new fields 
already white to the harvest. Since the year 1817, missiens have been estab- 
lished at Maulmain, Ava, Tavoy, Siam, China, A'sam, and Madras in Asia; at 
Liberia in Africa ; in France, Germany, and Greece in Europe ; and among 12 
of the tribes of the aborigines of our own country. In connection with these 
missions are 68 stations, 106 missionaries and assistants, and 85 native preach- 
ers and assistants ; in all, 191 laborers. The number of churches is 45, em- 
bracing 2,000 members. To these churches 570 converts have been added 
during the past year. Our schools are in number 68, and contain from 1,200 to 



1,500 pupils. Printing has been executed in fourteen different languages, 
amounting, in 1836 and 1837, to 34 millions of pages. The expenditures of the 
Board, for all these objects, during the last year, were $110,190 74. The receipts 
during the same period, in donations and legacies from cliurches, societies and 
individuals, were $50,477 87, and from all sources amoimted to §88,240 73 ; thus 
leaving a deficiency of receipts equal to $21,950 01. This deficiency was sup- 
plied from the surplus collections of some of the previous years. This surplus 
is, however, now exhausted, and the Board and the missions under their care 
have no reliance, under God, but in the annual and immediate contributions of 
their brethren. Unless these contributions be much greater in amount than 
they have been during any preceding year, it will be impossible to continue our 
missions even at their present rate. Some of tliem must be broken up, and our 
missionaries recalled. And we are driven to this necessity at a moment when 
God is bestowing upon us the most encouraging tokens of his favor. "Who of 
us ever expected that within so short a period we would luimljer 570 converts 
from paganism in a single year ? Wherever our missions have been established, 
a great and effectual door has been opened. The people are pressing forward 
to hear the gospel. Souls are converted. The wilderness already blossoms 
like the rose. Our beloved brethren are laboring beyond their strength, and, 
we fear, in some instances, have been brought down to the grave, because they 
had no helper. 

Had we any reason to believe that you were doubtful respecting your duty on 
this subject, we could easily fill this paper with arguments. We ^vould repeat 
to you the parting words of our ascending Redeemer — " Go ye into all the world, 
and preach the gospel to every creature ; " we would recite to you the glorious 
encouragement, derived from the exceeding great and precious promises re- 
specting the universal reign of Messiah ; we would point you to the success 
which has attended modern missions, and ask you, Do not the signs of the times 
betoken that the coming of the Son of Man draweth nigli ? we would ask you, 
in the words of the Lord by his apostle, "If any man seeth his brother have 
need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the 
love of God in him ? " we would speak to you of the scorn that would cover us, 
if, after having put our hand to the plough, we should look back — if, after be- 
holding so great a blessing about to descend upon us, we should basely turn 
away and refuse to receive it; we would entreat you to remember the grace of 
our Lord Jesus, that though he was rich, yet for our sakes he became 
poor, that we through his poverty might become rich ; we would ask you. What 
has ever so filled you with joy in this present, and with blissful hope for the 
future, as labors and self-denials for the cause of the blessed Savior ; and by all 
these motives we would plead with you to " come up to the help of the Lord, 
the help of the Lord against the mighty." 

But we feel assured that all this is unnecessarj'. Why then is it, that be- 
lieving all this, in perfect harmony, and reposing entire confidence in each 
other, we are brought to a crisis in which that which has so long been our 
gloi-y is liable to become our disgrace. The answer to this question will be 
found, we apprehend, in the following facts. 

1. Our efforts in behalf of missions have been by no means universal. In 
very many of our churches, in many large districts, nay, in several whole States, 
nothing, or almost nothing, has ever yet been done. In answer to this it may 



be stated, that these districts have not been visited by agents. This may be. 
But do you require an agent to be sent to persuade you to lay out your money 
at a proritable interest ? and can you do better with it than to " lend it to the 
Lord ? " Can not every one, " on the first day of the week, lay by in store as the 
Lord hath prospered him," without being prompted by an agent ? My brother, 
it is really far better that we should each one voluntarily come to the altar of 
God with our gift, than that we should be led thither by an agent, 

2. We allow ourselves to be deterred from decisive effort in behalf of mis- 
sions by trifling and insufficient excuses. "Next spring, or next autumn will 
be a better time than the present ; " " We have no one but ourselves to address 
the people ; " " Our people are poor and can not do a great deal ; " " Some mem- 
bers of our congregation are not well disposed towards missions;" "Our 
church already does not half support the gospel among themselves." These, 
and a hundred equally frivolous excuses, are frequently sufficient to deter a 
Pastor from bringing this subject before his ]}eop]e at present. The matter is 
put off to a more convenient season. That season does not arrive, and the hea- 
then are left to perish. 

3. When effort has been made, it has been, in most cases, far below the de- 
mands of the occasion. Our brethren have not sufficientl)^ considered their 
property as a trust, for which they must give an account. We do not speak 
unadvisedly on this subject. We pretend not to say how much a man should 
give in charit}'. This he must settle with his God. When, however, we ob- 
serve the sums annually expended in splendid furniture, extravagant dresses, 
costly journeys, and luxurious entertainments, and compare them with the sums 
bestowed upon the cause of Christ, we cannot be persuaded that there is not 
some grievous error under which Christians of the present day are laboring. 
If they are sufficiently wealthy thus to consult their tastes, they must be suffi- 
ciently wealthy to do much more for Christ. We fear that the poor out of their 
deep poverty are in these respects a pattern to the rich. 

4. We fear that what has been given has not always been given with the 
right spirit. We apprelicnd that, too frequently, we give from fear of fixing on 
ourselves the charge of avaiice if we refuse, or from vanity, or from the mo- 
mentary impulse of sympathj^, and not from love to Christ, and to the souls of 
men. It is for this reason that our charity is so intermittent. Brethren, we 
must here be honest with you. We need funds for the heathen, but we want 
not your money imless it comes from the heart. Charity, like prayer, is a means 
of grace. It was intended to benefit the giver moretlmn the receiver. "It is 
more blessed to give than to receive." We want your own souls to be enriched 
while you give to the heathen. We therefore pray you give as seeing Him that 
is invisible. 

Beloved brother, how far the foregoing remarks apply to you and your 
people, can be known only to the Searcher of hearts. Permit us, however, to 
ask you the following question. Had no church contributed in a larger pro- 
portion than your church, during the last two years, what would have become 
of the missions to the heathen? 

We, however, indulge a cheerful confidence that as soon as the facts are 
thus spread before you, you will immediately go to the throne of grace with the 
question, " Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" If it will not be considered 
intrusive, permit us to offer a few suggestions on this point 



4' 

T. Are j'our church acquainted with the history of our missions, and of that 
of missions Jtenerally ? If not, would it not be well for you to preach some mis- 
sionary discourse?, and thus set the facts plainly before them ? Why not begin 
on the next Sabbath ? Are your people supplied with the Missionary Magazine? 
It is very important that this delightful record of the progress of the gospel 
among the heathen should be universally read among them. 

2. Do you hold regularly the Monthly Concert of prayer for missions ? If 
not, we pray you establish it immediately and make it your special business by 
every means in your power to render the meeting interesting. 

3. Can there be any good reason why, as soon as your people are informed 
on this subject, they should not be convened for the purpose of acting in regard 
to it ? Let your church and congregation unite in this matter. Let an effort be 
made now, let whatever is subscribed be collected now, and let it be forwarded 
by mail to the Treasurer. The sooner all this is done, the sooner will you be 
ready for another good work. And do this once, at least, every year. 

4 Are there no churches in your neighborhood which you may visit for the 
promotion of this object? Where there is no pastor, will you not go and per- 
form the oflSce of a pastor for them ? When a pastor is settled, can you not 
assist him by your counsels and your labors ? Many of our brethren may be 
eminently useful in this manner. 

We have thus, dearly beloved brother, endeavored to set before you the 
cause of the heathen, perishing for lack of vision. We commend you to God 
and to the word of his grace. We pray that the Spirit of God may lead you 
into the path of duty, and enable you to walk in it : and to Lis holy name shall 
be the praise forever. 

On behalf of the Board, 



L. BOLLES, ? e w • 
S. PECK, J Secrdana. 



Bap. Miss. RoomSy Jalyy 1839. 



Stmnncau JSaptist JSoacTr of iFotfiflu fWissions. 



MINUTES 



TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING 



'IN, U.D., SPr 



Vice 
esidents. 



Wednesday, April 24, 1839. 

The Boai-d of Managers of the Bap- 
tist General Convention assembled, 
agreeably to appointment, at 10 o'clock, 
A. M., in the meeting-house of the 
Spruce-st. Baptist Church, in Philadel- 
phia. The President being absent, the 
chair was taken by the Rev. Dr. Sharp, 
first Vice President. 

The following members were pres- 
ent, viz. — 

Rev. Spencer H. Cone, Pres-'\ 

ident of the Convention, I 

Rev. RuFUs Babcock, Jr., D.D., \Ex Ofjiciis. 

Assistant Secretary of the Con- j 

vention, 
Rev. Daniel Sharp, 

" Stephen Chap 

;; Lucius Bolles, D.D., ) ^^ ^^^,„.^^ 

" Solomon Peck, 3 

" Baron Stow, Recording Secretary. 
Hon. Heman Lincoln, Treasurer. 

" Levi Far WELL, Assistant Treasurer. 
Rev. Joel S. Bacon, 

" Eli Ball, 

" Alfred Benn-ett, 

" Irah Chase, 

" John Cookson, 

William Crane, Esq., 

" Duncan Dunbar, 

" Samuel W. Lynd, 'j- Managers. 

" John Peck, 

" Barnas Sears, 

" Charles G. Sommers, 

" James B.Taylor, 

" Joseph A. Warne, 

" G. S. Webb, 

" B. T. Welch, D. D., 

The throne of grace was addressed 
by the Rev. Daniel Dodge, of Philadel- 
phia. 

On motion by the Recording Secre- 
tary, 

Voted, That ministering brethren 
present, not members of the Board, be 
invited to sit with the Board, and par- 
ticipate in its deliberations. 
1 



The following brethren accordingly 
gave in their names : 



Rev. J. H. Brouner, 
" David Bernard, 
" W. H. Turton, 
" Daniel G. Corey, 
" Charles O. Kimball, 
" Leonard Fletcher, 
" Joshua Fletcher, 
" Daniel Dodge, 
" John C Harrison, 
" Philetus B. Peck, 
" L. B. Cole, 
■' E. Sexton, 
" John P. Thompson, 
" J. G. Collom, 
" John Jones, 
" Charles Willet, 
" Joseph Walker, 
" Frederick Ketcham, 
" Ira M. Allen, 
" George F. Adams, 
" C. B. Keyes, 
" Daniel Scott, 
" Miron M. Dean, 
" Samuel White, 
" Edward Kingsford, 
" Daniel E. Burbank, 
" Simeon J. Drake, 
" J. W. Wigg, 
" Thomas Rand, 



Rev. William Sym, 
" Samuel Smith, 
" John C. Murphy, 
" N. Fox, 
" J. Rogers, 
" J. H. Kennard, 
" James J. Woolsey, 
" Silas Ilsley, 
" Michael Quin, 
" A. D. Gillett, 
" James E. Welch, 
" Sewall S. Cutting, 
" George B. Ide, 
" R. \V. Cushman, 
" Morgan J. Rhees, 
" William Phillips, 
" Joseph Matthias, 
" William Shadrach, 
" John Goadby, 
" George Benedict, 
" James M. Challiss, 
" Joseph S. Baker, 
" Thomas Larcomb, 
" John S. Jenkins, 
" L. Covell, 
" P. L. Piatt, 
" Thomas Wilks, 
" Samuel Miles, 
" E. E. L. Taylor. 



'The Treasurer read an abstract of 
his report, showing an expenditui-e, 
during the year ending the 15th inst., 
of $110,190 74, with a balance on hand 
of $574 37. 

On motion by the Rev. Eli Ball, of 
Virginia, seconded by the Rev. George 
F. Adams, of Maryland, 

Resolved, That the report of the 
Treasurei', an abstract of which has 
now been read, be accepted and pub- 
lished. 

The Rev. Mr. Peck, Secretary of the 
Foreign Department, read portions of 
the Twenty-Fifth Annual Report of 
the Board. 



Annual Meeting of the Board. 



On motion by tlie Rev. Spencer H. 
Cone, of New York, seconded by the 
JRcv. G. S. Wel)b, of New Jersey, 

Resolved, That tlie Report, a part of 
whicli has now been read, be accepted 
and published. 

Adjoin-ned to 3 o'clock, P. M. 

Prayer by the Rev. Alfred Bennett. 

Three o'clock, P. M. The Board met 
agreeably to adjournment. 

Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Chapin. 

On motion by the Rev. Prof Sears, 
of Massachusetts, seconded by the Rev. 
Leonard Fletcher, of Pennsylvania, 

Resolved, That God's providential 
care over our missionary interests 
ought to increase our faith. 

During the day, spirited and ani- 
mating addresses were made by breth- 
ren Ball, Cone, Webb, L. Bolles, Sears, 
L. Fletclier, Bennett, Dodge, Thomp- 
son, B. T. Welch and Sharp. 

On motion by the Rev. Dr. Babcock, 
of Philadelphia, 

Resolved, That a committee of three 
be appointed to consider and suggest 
some plan by which the acting Board, 
and especially its executive officers, 
may assist the pastors of churches in 
rendering the Monthly Concert of 
Prayer more extensively interesting 
and useful. 

The Rev. Messrs. Cone, Babcock and 
Bennett were appointed the Commit- 
tee. 

A communication was read from the 
Baptist Tabernacle Church, Mulberry 
Street, Nev/ York, requesting the Board 
to hold its next annual meeting in their 
place of worship. 

Voted, To accept the invitation. 

Voted, That the Rev. T. Meredith, of 
North Carolina, preach tlie annual ser- 
mon, and that the Rev. Dr. Welcli, of 
Albany, N. Y., be liis alternate. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow 
mommg. 

At half ])ast seven in the evening, the 
Board and a large congregation met in 
the same place, and listened to the an- 
nual sermon, preached, according to 
appointment, by the Rev. James B. 
Taylor, of Richmond, Va. Text — Luke 
xxiv. 46, 47. Thus it is ivritten, and 
thiiji it behoved Christ to suffer, aw/ to rise 
from the dead the third dajf ; and that re- 
pentance and remission of sins shoidd be 
preached umon^ all nations. The jirayers 
on this occasion were offered by the 
Rev. John Cookson, of Connecticut, 
and the Rev. Prof Chase, of Massa- 
chusetts. 



Thursday, April 2.5. 

The Board met agreeably to adjourn- 
ment. 

Prayer by the Rev. C. G. Sommers. 

The journal of j'esterday was read 
and approved. 

The committee appointed yesterday, 
reported as follows : 

The undersigned having been appointed a 
committee to consider and suggest some [>lan, 
by which the acting Board, and especially the 
executive officers, may assist the pastors of 
churches in rendering the monthly concert more 
extensively interesting and usel'ul, beg leave to 
report, That the)' deem it important that [1st] 
a Circular should be sent to every pastor of a 
Baptist church in the United Stales, calling their 
attention to the magnitude and scriptural char- 
acter of our missionary operations ; clearly set- 
ting forth the beneficial etfcct of the monthly 
concert, where rightly improved, and suggesting 
plans and means of awakening and continuing 
a religious interest in this precious meeting; 
[2(1] from time to time, as they shall think best, 
providing and furnishing a syllabus of an ap- 
propriate address for the concert, with references 
to the most accessible sources of accurate infor- 
mation on the subjects proposed ; with [3d] 
such aid in skeleton inaps of a large size, as 
their experience and farther consideration of this 
subject may suggest. 

S. H. Cone, 

R. Babcock, Jr., 

A. Bennett. 

On motion by the Rev. Prof Chase, 
of Massachusetts, seconded by the Hon. 
Heman Lincoln, of Massachusetts, the 
report was accepted. 

On motion by the Rev. Dr. Welch, 
of Albany, seconded by the Rev. C. 
G. Sonnners, of New York, the follow- 
ing preamble and resolutions were 
adopted : 

In view of the important facts, that 
the Baptist denomination in the United 
States are able to do immensely more 
than they have ever yet done for the 
cause of Christ among the heathen ; — 
that most earnest and affecting appeals 
are made by our missionaries, to be 
immediately reinforced at their several 
stations ; — and that brethren and sis- 
ters, suitably qualified, are ready and 
anxious to be despatched to the foreign 
lield— 

Resolved, That special efforts be 
made to bruig speedily into the Treas- 
iny such an amount of funds as will 
justify the Board in greatly enlarging 
its operations. 

Resolved, That to this end it be re- 
commended to the acting Board , at 
Boston, to extend their system of do- 
mestic agencies. 

A communication was read from 
the Rev. Howard Malcom, Financial 
Secretarj^ of the Board, proposing the 



Twenty-Fifth Annual Report. 



suspension of his services and salaiy 
for a season, that he might attend to 
the n;eans necessary to a more perfect 
restoration of his voice ; and referred 
to the consideration of the acting 
Board, 

On motion by the Rev. Dr. Cliapiu, 
seconded by the Rev. Dr. Bolles, 

Resolved, That a committee of two 
be appointed to inquire into the extent 
of the responsibihty of the church for 
the cliaracter and condition of the ini- 
evangehzed parts of the earth, and also 
into tJie grounds of that responsibility ; 
to report at the next annual meeting. 

Tlie Rev. Dr. Chapin, and the Rev. 
Prof Chase were appointed the com- 
mittee. 

A communication was presented 
from the Rev. J. H. Linsley, of Con- 
necticut, stating reasons why he could 
not be present at the meeting, and 
making suggestions touching the futui-e 
policy of the Board. Referred to tlie 
acting Board. 



Diu'ing tlie morning, veiy biterest- 
ing addresses were made by brethren 
Chase, Babcock, Lincoln, Bolles, Som- 
mers. Cone, Dodge, Colgate, B. T. 
Welch, W. Crane, Dunbar, George F. 
Adams, and Buker. 

The whole session, distinguished by 
an unusual degree of Christian tender- 
ness and affection, was one of peculiar 
interest. The importance of taith ac- 
companied by works, and of zeal tem- 
pered by intelligence, seemed to be 
fully understood, and every one felt 
that, as he should return to his sphere 
of labor, he would endeavor to do more 
for Christ and the heathen. 

After joining in a song of praise, the 
Board adjourned to meet in the Baptist 
Tabernacle, Mulbeny-st., New-York, 
on the last Wednesday of April, 1840, 
at 10 o'clock, A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Sharp. 

Baron Stow, Rec Sec. 



TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT. 



The Board of Managers, in presenting their twenty-fifth Annual Report, are 
reminded of the very painful bereavement which they have sustained, in the de- 
cease of one of their most valued associates, and late Recording Secretary, the 
Rev. James D. Eaiowles, who died on the 9th of May last, soon after the meet- 
ing of the General Convention. He was a brother with whom we had been ac- 
customed for a long period to take " sweet counsel," in whose integrity, and 
singleness of purpose, and devotedness to Clmst and the salvation of the 
heathen, we reposed milimited confidence, and whose comprehensive views, 
sound judgment, and intimate familiarity with the operations of the Board, se- 
cured to him a measure of influence, in our delibei-atious and plans, accorded 
to but few. In the general grief created by this event, the Board have deeply 
participated, and while we have sympathized with the distressed family of our 
depai'ted brother, and the wide chcle of his personal friends, and with the church 
of Christ, and society at large, it has been our fervent prayer that the dispensa- 
tion might impress every heart with a proper sense, not only of the transitoriness 
of earthly good, but the entire independence of God, for the accomplishment of 
his purposes, of all human instrumentality. 

Li tlie foreign field, the Board recognize, with devout gratitude, the grace of 
our Heavenly Father in presei-ving the lives and health of so many of our fellow- 
laborers, and granting to them, even in scenes of sickness and bereavement, 
" strong consolation." Of the whole number laboring abroad, and subject to 
every variety of ex^iosure, one only has fallen a victim to fatal disease — our late 
esteemed sister and faithful helper, Mrs. Eliza Grew Jones, of the mission to 
Siam, who entered into her rest on the 28tli of March, of the last year. 

Meanwhile the Board have not been lefi; without witness, that the cause in 
which they are engaged is approved of God, and that notwithstanding the i-e- 
tarding influence of some untoward circumstances, its general course, under his 
gracious supervision, has been onward. 

We proceed to a brief history of the missions, for the year now closed, in the 
usual order of theii* arrangement 



4 Annual Report : — Ojibwas — Oltawas. 

MISSIONS IN NORTH AMERICA. 

OJIBWAS. 
Sault de Ste. Marie — near Lake Superior, on St. Mary's river. 

Out-stations, Michipicoton, on the north side of Lake Superior, 120 miles from Sault de Ste, 
Marie — Utikwamendti. 

Abel Bingham, J. D. Cameron, preachers, A. J. Bingham, school teacher, Mrs. Bing- 
ham, Miss Mary Rice, assistants. — Shegud, native assistant. 

1 station, 2 out-stations, 2 preachers, 1 school teacher, 2 female assistants=5. — 1 native assist- 
ant. 

The prospects of this mission continue favorable. Public religious Avorship, 
including Sabbath school and bible class instruction, has been attended as 
usual, and several excursions have been made, particularly to Utikwamenan, for 
the purpose of preaching and conversation, and visiting the sick, with encour- 
aging tokens of success. 

At Utikwamenan one case of conversion has occurred, and several appear to 
be in a state of serious inquiry. Mr. Cameron has resided chiefly in the neigh- 
borhood of Michipicoton, between which and Ochengwunong he proposes to 
divide his labors the ensuing year. 

The number added to the mission church, by baptism, prior to Feb. 1839, is 
7, including 4 at Michipicoton. One individual has died, and one been dropped 
from the list. Present number 29, of whom 24 are Indians and mixed-bloods. 
The number of scholai's in the boarding school has varied from 10 to 12, and 
in the day school from 35 to 50. An evenmg school and a bible class have been 
taught among the soldiers in the garrison. Mr. B. i)erforms also the duties of 
chaplaincy to the garrison, under appointment oi' the general government. 
Efforts have been continued in the cause of temperance, and " good results in 
the garrison are very visible." The evils of intemjjerance, however, ai-e still 
felt, especially among the Indians, with whom the whiskey dealers pursue then- 
iniquitous traffic with the utmost recklesness. 

Progress of Civilization. — Evidence is not wanting that the Indians are be- 
coming more industrious and provident. Mr. B. remarks, in speaking of a tour 
he was then making, March, 1838, 

"In all my travels among these Indians, I have never before found them in so good circum- 
stances at this season of the year. Many of them had not only fish, corn, and flour, but tea and 
sugar, and some had cofiee also. Although they make an abundance of sugar, I have seldom 
found a particle of it among them at this season of the year. This is a strong evidence that they 
are learning prudence and economy." 

Again : 

" Some of the Indians under our influence have for two or three years been engaged in the 
fishing business, and have barrelled up their fish, like the white man. And the present year 
many more have gone into it than at any former period, which shows that they are making ad- 
vances in civilization." 

OTTAWAS IN MICHIGAN. 

Richland^ — 60 miles south-east of Grand River Rapids. 
Leonard Slater, preacher, Mrs. Slater. 
1 station, 1 preacher, 1 female assistant=2. 

Mr. Slater, writing in July, states tliat the two candidates mentioned in his 
last, have been received and united with God's peojile. 

" One individual, an aged chief, is now serious, and manifests a desire to know and love God. 
In conversation to-day, he remarked, that he had acknowledged and served many spirits on, 
under, and above the earth, had paid sacrifices to them in tobacco and food, attended many spirit 
dances, and done every thing which his countrymen practised, to obtain the favor of the spirits ; 
but had never obtained a soft heart, and never shed a tear, till now. ' I am now,' he addea, ' re- 
solved always to pray to one Spirit, and serve Him.'" 

Mr. Slater was accustomed to attend three stated services on the Sabbath, 
and a lecture eveiy evening. 

The school, in which the Indians have manifested much interest, was re- 
sumed April 9th, and continues to be ])rosperous. Twenty-nine members wei'e 
reported, 12 boya and 17 girls, four of whom have since died. 



Annual Report : — Oncidas and Tuscaroras — Slutivanoes. 5 

The station and vicinity have been visited with distressing sickness, and 12 
Indians have died ; one of thoni Mrs, Noonday, wife of tlie chief, and four years 
a beloved sister in the clmrcli. 

JSTumber and Civilization of Ollawas. — The number of Ottawas connected with 
the station in July last, was 135. Tlie wiiolc number in Michigan is estimated 
at 5000, most of whom, if not all, will probably before Ion*;" join their country- 
men who have emigrated to the Indian territory. About 300, from the neighbor- 
hood of Mackinaw, recently encamped at 20 or 30 miles' distance from the sta- 
tion, who were formerly connected with Roman Catholics; but, becoming dis- 
satisfied with the instructions they received, they had now resolved to be 
Protestants. They were visited by several of the'ludian Christians, and Mr. 
Slater was also intending, by request, to converse with tliem. 

Those who are connected with the station, are located on their respective 
lots, of 20 acres each, many of them in comfortable log dwellings, and appear 
cheerful and happy iu prosecuting their daily labors. Diu-ing the last year they 
constructed several buildings, fences, &c., planted about 50 acres of corn and 
15 of potatoes, and were preparing to sow wheat in the fall. 

ONEIDASANDTUCARORAS. 

ToNAWANDA— near Niagara, N. Y., > T , (.,, ^t ,- u c. , /-i 

TuscAKORA < charge of the N. \. Bap. Stale Convention. 

James B. Rollin, preacher, Mrs. Rolun, 2 female assistants. — Jatiies Cusick, native 
preacher. 

1 station, 1 preacher, 3 female assistanls=5. — 1 native preacher. 

The chm*ch at Tonawanda has been considerably reduced by the removal of 
a number of the most prominent members to Canada. Mr. Rollin has main- 
tained divine worship on the Sabbath during the year. The school has been 
enlarged, a part of the time consisting of 45 children. 

In the month of May last a Baptist church, of twenty members, was formed 
among the Tuscaroras, and the chief, James Cusick, who first went to Tona- 
wanda to be baptized, was set apart as their pastor. Five have since been 
added to their number by baptism. At the request of the council of the Tusca- 
roras, a boarding school will soon be established among this tribe. 

SHAWANOES. 
Shawanoe — in the Indian Territory, near the line of Missouri, and near the Kauzau river. 

J. Lykins, D. B. Rollin, preachers, J. G. Pratt, preacher and printer, and their wives 5, 
on her way to the mission, Miss Elizabeth F. Churchill, assistant. 

1 station, 2 preachers, 1 preacher and printer, 4 female assistauts=7. 

The mission has suffered greatly during the year in the sickness of several of 
its members, especially Mr. Rollin. Since October last Mr. Rollm has been 
compelled to cease entirely from his labors, and the most serious apprehensions 
are felt that his illness will terminate fatally. Mr. Lykins has been absent 
during a portion of the year, partly on account of his health, and partly with a 
view to aid the Putawatomies in their emigration from Michigan. The duties 
of the mission have in consequence been devolved almost exclusively on Mr. 
Pratt, himself also and family enfeebled by repeated and prolonged sickness. 

The following works have been printed at the Shawanoe press, exclusive of 
the Shawanoe Sun, in addition to those reported last year : 

Harmony, in Delaware, 80 pp. addit. IG mo. 40,000 

Hymns, " " 48 " " 24 " 19,200 

Kauzas Book,* in Kauzas, 24 " 12 " 7,200 

6G,400 
The Indians manifest an increasing interest in the operations of the press. 
One individual, of some promise, has requested admission to the church. Na- 
tive church members, 9, viz., three Shawanoes, one Ottawa, and five Delawares- 
— and eleven white persons — total, 20. 

* For the Methodist Episcopal Mission. 



Annual Report : — Delawares — Putawcdomiea — Ottawas. 



DELAWARES. 

Delaware station, north of Kauzas river, near its junction with the Missouri. 

Ira D. Blancharii, preacher and school teacher, Mrs. Blancharw, Miss Svlvia Case, 

school teachers. 

1 station, 1 preacher and school teacher, 2 female assislants=3. 

Religious worship is regularly attended on the Sabbath, with a congregation 
varying from 10 to 100, and with encouraging results. Mr. B. writes, "It is our 
custom to kneel in time of prayer. This is much ridiculed by the native op- 
posers. When, therefore, an adult kneels with us before the throne of grace, 
we think we are safe in the inference that he is at least beginning to feel that 
the frowns of God are more to be feared than the scoffs of liien. At the closing 
prayer of our meeting we often see 20 or 30 of this class." Three native con- 
verts have been added to the church by baptism. One member has died. 

The English school is in successftd operation. Present number of scholars 
12. A larger number would probably attend, if the retpiisite provision could 
be made by the Board. Less attention has been given to teaching on the " new 
system" than heretofore, in consequence of the pressure of other duties. 

Some progress has been made in the preparation of the Harmony: 128 pages 
had been printed prior to December last, and were in circulation; and 30 or 
40 additional were i-eady for the press. A second form has been added to the 
Hymns, making in all 44 hymns, of 43 pages, 24 mo. 



PUTAWATOMIES. 

About 50 miles south of Shawanoe. 

Robert Simerwell, school teacher, Mrs. Simerwell. ■> 

1 station, 1 school teacher, one female assistant=2. 

Since the commencement of this station, the last year, Mr. Simerwell has 
labored to instruct, on the "new system," such Indians as were disposed to 
learn, going from house to house ; and has succeeded in teaching some of them 
to reatl, notwithstanding the embarrassments resulting fiom their haliits of 
intemperance, and the mortality which prevailed during the " sickly season." 
Religious meetings were also held at his house, in condticting which he was 
assisted by a native brother. The station is in urgent need of one wlio shall be 
devoted exclusively to the spiritual interests of this people. The church is in 
a low state. Three of the late emigrants have been suspended, and one i-estor- 
-ed. 

OTTAWAS. 

'Ottawa — 40 miles south of Shawanoe. 
Jotham Meeker, preacher, Mrs. Meeker. 
1 station, one preacher, one female assistant=2. 

Religious services have been conducted on the Sabbath, as heretofore, though 
the attendance of the natives has been irregular, in consequence of the opposition 
manifested by some individuals. A weekly prayer meeting has been maintain- 
ed a part of the yeai*. One J'oung man has been baptized, a second has com- 
menced regular family worship, and others have expressed a great desire to 
follow Christ. 

The school which was taught in Indian, has been changed, by request of the 
chiefs and other principal men, into an English school, the children being 
clothed and boarded by their parents. Number of pupils 17, average number 
of attendants 9 or 10. 

The Ottawas live in substantial log cabins, have fields enclosed with rail 
fences, raise wheat, corn, and garden vegetables, and keep cattle and swine. 
During tlie last year they authorized Mr. Meeker to purchase for them a grist- 
mill, for which they furnished him with the requisite funds, from two to three 
hundred doUai-s. 



Annual Report : — Otoes — Omahaa — Cherokees. ^ 7 

OTOES. 

Otoe Village, or Bellevue — noiili bank of Platte river, 6 miles above its junction 
with liie Missouri. 

Moses IMerkill, preacbcr, Mrs. Merrill. 

1 station, 1 j)reacl)er, 1 female assistant=2. 

The objects of the mission liave been steadily promoted dnrnig the year. In 
the Jiuuting season, Mr. Merrill accompanied the tribe in their excursions, 
thereby secm-ing greater oiiportiuiitios for communicating religious knowledge, 
and obtaining a more familiar acquaintance with their language and character. 
Since their return, he often addresses assemblies of forty or fifty natives, who 
listen with good attention. A school of from 15 to 20 scholars is maintained, 
as heretofore, though exacting the most assiduous efforts to secure their regular 
attendance. 

The station is in much need of an additional laborer. The health of Mr. 
Merrill is seriously impaired, and fears are excited that it can never be 
essentially restored. The Indians, though addicted to intemperance and 
kindred vices, are not wanting in force of character, and may, with suitable 
efforts, be reclaimed. A temperance society has been recently formed among 
them, consisting of 25 members, including the six chiefs. 

O JI A H A S . 

The station among the Omahas is now vacant, Mr. Curtiss, who for a time 
was employed by the general government, under the direction of the Board, 
having found it necessary to remove, on account of the turbulence of the In- 
dians, and fixed his residence at Bellevue. 

' CHEROKEES. 
Evan Jones, preacher, Mrs. Jones. 

Native preachers, Jesse Bushyhead, John Wickliffe, Oganmja, Dsusawala, Doyanungheeskee, 
Ooledastee. 
1 preacher, 1 female assistant=2.— 6 native preachers. 

The enforcement of the New Echota treaty, transferring the Cherokees from 
their native country to the Western, or Indian Territory, was conmienced by 
the United States in May and June, at which time about 3000 were removed. 
The residue, 13 or 14,000, were permitted to remain till the 1st of September, 
to avoid the " sickly season," They then, m accordance with an arrangement 
effected meanwhile with the general government, commenced their westward 
journey, in detachments of 1000 or 1500 each, under the direction of leaders 
chosen by themselves ; still protesting against the validity of the treaty, yet 
unwilling to resort to violent nieasures of resistance. Throughout this deeply 
afflictive period, the conduct of the native brethren has been in the highest 
degree exemplary. "Humility, patience and forbearance, and a devotional 
reference of every event to the wise guidance of their heavenly Father's hand, 
have marked their behavior on every side." About 500 members of the 
churches were embodied in two of the detachments, and some of the others 
were also under the direction of native preachers, thus enabling tlwm to con- 
tinue, amidst all the toils and sufferings of the journey, their accustomed re- 
ligious services. Three of the detachments reached the Mississippi river in 
December. The one under the conduct of Mr. Jones was at Little Prairie, Mo., 
Dec. 30, having travelled 529 miles, and being still nearly 300 short of their 
destination. 

In prospect of these calamitous events, and during the season of their grad- 
ual approach, the regular operations of the mission were greatly embarrassed 
even before they were entirely broken up. But the labors that were bestowed 
appear to have been the more abundantly blessed. Mr. Jones writes, under 
date of July 11, '" The Lord hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm'; 
and we have no indication that he designs to suspend the operations of his 
grace until tjie present calamities shall pass away ; but, i-ather, that he is de- 
termined to carry on his work, and build up Jerusalem, 'even in troublous 
times.' " 



8 Annual Report : — Creeks — Chodctws. 

No precise statement lias been given of tlie numlier of additions to the 
church during the year. Seven were baptized at Taquohee, and 1) at Galanee- 
ye, in May ; 2 at Aniohee, and 10 at Fort Butler, in June ; 3 at a settle- 
ment in North Carolina, in July; 55 at an encampment, in August; and 47 
during an excursion made by Mr. Bushyhead prior to May 16. The whole 
nuniiber of baptisms, as stated by Mr. Bushyhead, was over one hundred and 
seventy. 

CREEKS. 

Ebknkzer — north of Arkansas river, and 4 miles west of Verdigris river. 
James O. Mason, prcaclicr and school teacher, Mrs. Mason. 

Canadian River station, on the north bank of Canadian river, 32 miles from Ebenczer. 
Charles R. Kkllam, preacher and school teacher, Mrs. Kellam, Miss Elizabeth 
UoYNToN, assistants. — Jolin Duvis, native preacher. 

2 stations, 2 preachers and school teachers, 3 female assistants=5. — 1 native preacher. 

The affairs of this mission have been much embarrassed during the past 
year, Mr. Kellam was necessarily absent several months in the spring and 
summer, and on his retiu'n encoiuitered numerous and unusual hindrances, in 
consequence of the lowness of the rivers, Sec, which, notwithstanding every 
exerticjn that could be made, prevented his arrival in the Creek territoiy till 
winter. During his absence tAvo members of the church had died, one of whom 
he had baptized a short time before he left in the spring. The state of the 
church generally was nearly the same as at that time. Some, it was feared, 
had backslidden. But meetings were well attended while Mr. K. remained at 
Ebenezer, and strong desires were expressed to hear the word of God. Several 
attended on the Sabbath, who had never before heard the gospel. At this sta- 
tion, (Ebenezer,) it is expected that Mr. Mason will ultimately be located ; but 
as some opposition has been excited to his immediate entrance into the Creek 
territory, he is temporarily employed in teaching at Little Rock, Arkansas. 
Mr. Kellam has received an appointment of teacher under the United States' 
government, to be stationed on the Canadian River, where he will be joined at 
the earliest o])portunity by Miss Boynton. 

The faithful native preacher, Mr. Davis, has been much interrupted in his 
labors by sickness and other misfortunes, and by the hostility of several of his 
countrymen. 

C H O C T A W S . 

Providence — R miles north of Red river, and 10 west of Fort Towson. 
Ramsay D. Potts, preacher and school teacher, Mrs. Potts. 
Bethel — 8 miles south-west of Choctaw Agency. 
Alanson Allen, M. D., schoolteacher. 

2 stations, 1 preacher and school teacher, 1 school teacher, 1 female assistant=3.— 1 native 
assistant. 

Mr. Potts, in addition to his duties as school teacher, under appointment of 
the United States' government, continues to labor, though amidst many discour- 
agements, for the s])iritual good of the Choctaws. In these benevolent efforts 
he is aided by the Rev. Chs. G. Hatch, teaclier of a government school at Ben- 
nett station, about eight miles west of Providence. Their ])lan of labor is to 
preach three Sabbaths monthly at Providence, two at Bennett, and one Sabbath 
as heretofore, at Fort Towson ; every fourth Sabbath and every Satiu'day to be 
spent in visiting the sick, and in preaching from house to house, &c. To se- 
cure the greater benefit to the Indians from these voluntary labors, the Board 
have provided Messrs. Potts and Hatch with a native interpreter, of pietj^ and 
intelligence. Three individuals have joined the church by letter. Whole 
number, 11. 

Miss Lucy H. Taylor retired from the station, with the approval of the Board, 
in November, the small female school, which she had taught, being placed 
under the care of Mrs. Potts. 

From Doct. Alien no recent communication has been received. In July last 
his .school was temporaril}' dismissed, in consequence of the fatal prevalence 
of the small pox among the Choctaws, and the pressing demands Avhich were 
made on him for medical labors. 



^nmud Rspmi t — France. 



MISSIONS IN EUROPE. 



FRANCE 



Paris. 



DouAT. — Erastus Willard, D. N. Sheldon, preachers, and their wives. J. B. Ptu- 
Kois, native preacher. 

Bertry. — Louis Dusart, native preacher. Out-stations, Ligny, Cautery, Walincourt. 

Lannoy and Baisieux. — Joseph Thiekfry, native preacher. 

Orchies. — Alexis Montel, native preacher. 

ViLLEQUiER. — J. B. Cretin, native preacher. 

Manicamp. Caulier, native preacher. 

J. N. Froment, Michel, colporteurs. 

8 stations, 3 out-stations, 2 preachers, 2 female assistants=4. — 6 native preachers and 2 native 
assistajits==J3. 

During the past year there has been a gradual but decided improvement in 
the affairs of this mission, and the indications of its increasing prosperity, if 
duly supported by the prayers and contributions of the churches in this country, 
were never more cheering. At Paris, beside the maintenance of a French 
service, as heretofore, Mr. Sheldon for several months conducted two services 
in English — one in the English chapel, during the absence of the pastor, Mr. 
Wilks, and the other in the American chapel, in the rue Ste. Anne. The atten- 
dance at the American chapel was generally good, and for several weeks last 
preceding Mr. Sheldon's removal from the city, tJie house was filled. The 
opportunities for doing good in such a field, Mr. Sheldon supposes, are greater 
than tliose presented to an American missionary in almost any other depart- 
ment of labor in France ; and it is cause of serious regret that at so interesting 
a period he has been constrained to withdraw from it, by the necessities of the 
station at Douay. BVit the multiplied duties of Mr. Willard, in connection with 
the protracted and alarming illness of Mrs. W., rendered his appeals for an as- 
sociate laborer, imperative. Mr. Sheldon was expecting to repair to Douay on 
the 1st of April. 

The progress of the mission has been more marked at Douay, and the influ- 
ence will probably be more extensive and enduring. A church was oi'ganized, 
on the 1st of September last, after the model of the primitive churches both in 
faith and discipline ; and this being, as Mr. Willard remarks, the " beginning of 
order' in that region, it maybe I'egarded as the introduction of a new era in the 
history of the French churches. The original number of members was but 
live, including Mr. and Mrs. W., but has since received an accession of seven 
by baptism. 

The example of the Douay church was soon followed by the church at Ber- 
tiy, and measm-es are in train for its early adoption by the Nomain church, 
Mr. W. exjjresses the hope that the churches of Lannoy and Baisieux will not 
be slow to imitate them, and adds : 

" It is an encouraging fact that our brethren are becoming persuaded of the utility and even 
of the necessity of having some sort of compact, a common centre, a rallying point, as weW as a 
digested system of discipline. Let them take entirely decided ground, and they will necessarily 
become less selfish, will have enlarged views, will be prompted to greater activity', will live 
better, and do more. On the other hand, our adversaries will naturally be discouraged, and will 
despair of seeing us scattered and brought to nought." 

On the arrival of Mr. Sheldon, Mr. W. was designing to visit the churches, in 
order to fortn them into an association, and to organize a ministerial confer- 
ence. 

The churches under the more immediate care of the native preachers, continue 
essentially as they were at the date of our last report. Considerable opposition 
has been experienced, and the increase of members has been small, but the 
laborers have abounded in their work, and the churches have been confirmed. 
One has been baptized at Baisieux, and tw^o at Orcliies ; six have been added 
to the Bertry church, and increased attention is given by the congregations at 

2 



10 Annual Report : — Germany. 

Ligny, Caulery, and Walincourt. One has been baptized at Nomain. Two 
conversions are reported to have taken place at Curieux. Cases of religious 
inquiry and conviction of the need of the gospel, are numerous. The colpor- 
teurs have been assiduous in the discharge of their appropriate duties. One of 
them has labored chiefly at Lannoy, in connection with tlie pastor, INIr. ThieflTry, 
or, on alternate Sabbaths, in his absence, with a lay brother. The other had 
visited, prior to September, more tlian a hundred villages in the departements de 
TJlisne et des Ardennes, often rej)eating his visits to the same villages, and had 
distributed 417 bibles and testaments. With the circulation of the scriptures is 
connected the distribution of religious tracts. Of the last, Mr. S. had distributed 
1,250 at Paris, in October, through the zealous co-operation of some pious ladies, 
beside ti-acts presented to visiters at his house. 

With these encoui-aging circumstances of the mission in view, the Board 
contemplate whh ])ain the further reduction of the number of American labor- 
ers hi the probable return of Mr. Willard. The health of Mrs. W., which for a 
long tiine had been precarious, equally with his <^wn, has at length entirely 
failed, and demands the most i)rompt and effective measures for its restoration. 
Mr. W. has been authoi-ized to withdraw from the mission, whenever in his 
judgment die state of Mrs. W.'s health shall render it safe and expedient. 



GERMANY. 

Hamburg. — J. G. Oncken, native preacher. C. F. Lange, and 3 others, native assistants. 

Berlin. — 1 native preacher. 

Oldenburg. — 1 native preacher. 

Jever. — 1 native assistant. 

4 stations, 3 native preachers, 5 native assistants=8. 

The following summary view of the German mission is given in a letter of 
Mr. Oncken, under date of Feb. 8, 1839 : 

The church at Hamburg', the past j'ear, has been sheltered under the wings of the Almightj'. 
No root of bitterness has troubled us 5 uninterrupted peace and harmony have prevailed. The 
seed sown has been abundantly blessed, and 23 converts have been added to our number, and 
with the exception of two, have proved faithful to their profession. We have now 75 members, 
with 25 catechumens, of whom lO or 12 have experienced the power of divine grace in the heart, 
and who will shortly be added to us. Let us raise here an Ebenezer to our adorable God. It is 
now nearly five years when we were first led down into the Elbe, 7 in number, with nothing but 
contending elements around us, every man's hand being against us. And now this flock is so 
numerous. Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but to thy name be the glory. 

From the authorities we have experienced no trouble, though we are still under the same re- 
strictions as before. We baptize generally at some distance from Hamburg, on Hanoverian territo- 
ry, as we dare not do so on Hamburg ground. The brethren continue to exert themselves in the 
spread of the truth, and many sinners have through their instrumentality been brought under the 
sound of the gospel. Several of them have visited difl'erent parts of Holstein during the winter, 
and have distributed tracts and bibles. 

But let me proceed to state what God has wrought in the south. I went, the last September, to 
Stuttgart, where I rem.ained about twelve days; and on the 9lh of October, eight dear brethren 
were baptized, five miles from Stuttgart, in the Neckar. The Lord abundantly blessed his own 
ordinance, so that they all went on their way rejoicing, and from that day new additions were 
constantly made. 1 was constantly engaged in examining candidates, and 23 converts were 
baptized in the name of the Triune Jehovah, and formed into a gospel church. The blessedness 
I experienced in those days cannot be expressed. I left Stuttgart with loud hosannais to God on 
my tongue. But the best still comes. The brethren at Stuttgart soon confessed openly what 
had taken place, and the whole city was moved. Article after article appeared in the newspa- 
pers, which were transferred into other papers, and before I reached home the thing was known 
throughout Germany. 

The brethren at Stuttgart were exposed at first to violent attacks, and the most awful impreca- 
tions were uttered against them. But, blessed be God, he was with them, and kept them in the 
hollow of his hand. They have since been assured that they have nothing to fear from govern- 
ment, and that the necessary protection, at the next administration of baptism, shall be given, if it 
should be required. I have since received the most encouraging news from them. All are ex- 
ceedingly happy, 4 have been added to the church, and there is every prospect that the cause 
will prosper. 

At Marburg, in Hessia, I also formed interesting connections, and preached there several 
times ; and three brethren have since applied for baptism. 

At IJerlin, the opposition to the good old way appears to be greater than in any other place, 
and the prospects are not bright. 

To Jevcr, in East Fri(>slnnd, 1 have sent one of our members, as a colporteur, and his labors 
are blessed. Seven converts are waiting my arrival, and others give pleasing indications, that a 
good work has been begun in them. 



Annual Report : — Germany. 11 

A previous communication from Mr. Oncken contains the following notice 
of the church at Oldenburg: 

The little band at Oldenburg has been exposed to severe trials ; some were imprisoned, and 
others had to pay fines, Cor liaving met togetiier to worship God according to the dictates of their 
consciences. But though some ot' our brethren were bound, the influence of the gospel cannot 
be limited by man; the number of believers has increased, and brother Weichardt has baptized 
several new converts. One of the four to whom I administered baptism nearly two years ago, 
and who had given the brethren much sorrow, has giveu up a large distillery, of which he was the 
owner, and is now likely to walk more circumspectly. This intelligence has greatly encouraged 
us in the temperance cause. 

No report has come to hand of the amount of tract and bible distribution. 
More than 130,000 tracts had been circulated in the 18 months preceding the 
date of our last report, and as the field was enlarged and the number of laborers 
increased, more was expected to be done the ensuing spring and summer. The 
translation of Mrs. Judson's Memoir, by Mr. O., is out of press, and other valua- 
ble works are in course of publication. 

Table of Churches and Baptisms. 
Hamburg church — 25 baptisms reported, present number 75 
Berlin " " "6 

Oldenburg " several " " 13+ 

Stuttgart " 27 " « 27+ 

52 121+ 



Since the annual meeting, a letter has been received from Mr. O., giving the 
folloAving additional particulars : 

Circulation of the Scriptures and Tracts. — The circulation of the holy scriptures has received 
anew and powerful impulse, through the liberal grants of money from the American, and the Amer- 
ican and Foreign Bible Societies. It has enabled me to purchase 5000 copies of an 8vo. bible, 
printed from stereotype plates at Frankfort; and for the last grant of ^20(30 from the A. and F. 
B. S., I shall be enabled to print a considerable number of the Now Testament. Upwards of 
1000 copies of the bible have already left the depot, and as many bibles and testaments have 
been distributed during the past year for the Edinburgh Bible Society. Beside these, a consider- 
able number of scriptures have been sold and distributed among seamen visiting this port, in the 
Danish, Dutch, French, Spanish, and Swedish languages. Emigrants to various parts of the 
world have also been supplied with the word of God. The clergy, especially, continue to oppose 
the circulation of the pure scriptures warmly, and it is a fact that shoiild not be forgotten, that all 
the corrupt societies in Germany continue to circulate the books of the lying prophets along 
with the blessed word of God, and thus render the most effectual service to Satan. This fact will 
at once show the importsmce of this part of our mission, as only pure, unadulterated scriptures are 
issued by us, and circulated among the people, and that through agents who do not ascribe the 
conversion of sinners to the bible, but to the God of the bible, and who will consequently accom- 
pany the precious seed by their fervent prayers for divine influence. A very considerable portion 
of the above scriptures have been sold and distributed, by the members of the church, in the city. 

Our tract operations have been equally important, and still more extensive. We have issued 
from our society 16 difl'erent tracts, 13 in the German, and 3 in the Danish language ; amounting 
in all to 193,000 copies ; besides these, we received from other societies 70,000 copies, making 
in all 263,000, of which 240,000 copies have been distributed during 1837 and '38. Independent- 
ly of these, I have published several other tracts, of which about 5000 copies have been brought 
into circulation, besides a considerable number of good books used for our loan-tract system. 
The number of our fellow laborers, in this important branch of our work, is daily increasing, and 
our little messengers find their way to the remotest hamlets ; and as they contain the truth as it is 
in Jesus, we know our labor shall not be in vain in the Lord. Our loan-tract system, which em- 
braces Hamburg and its suburbs, has been acted upon with spirit, and though the brethren, about 
twenty-five in number, have frequently been treated wdth contempt, and even threatened with bod- 
ily injuries, they have maintained their ground, and from time to time have had to rejoice in the 
success with which their labors have been accompanied. The amount of good effected generally 
by tract distribution, and especially by the loan-tract system, will only be fully developed in 
the great day of the Lord. The awful ignorance that prevails around us, the present favorable 
opportunities, and above all, our responsibility to God, will, I trust, make us more fulljr alive 
to the eternal interests of our perishing fellow-sinners, and influence us to be instant in and 
out of season. The American Tract Society has rendered us a noble assistance, having made 
us a grant of ^600, through which we can now continue our efforts, at least for the ensuing 
six months. 

The Memoir of Mrs. Judson, in the revising of the translation of which br. Kobner has render- 
ed me much assistance, has been completed, and was issued towards the close of last No- 
vember. Its perusal by my countrymen, will, under the divine blessing, doubtless awaken a 
spirit of enquiry, and kindle in many a bosom now lifeless and estranged from Christ, a kindred 
flame to that, which shone so brilliantly in our glorified sister. I feel grcatJy indebted to the 
churches and private friends in America, who have so generously furnished the means by which 
I have been enabled to publish a handsome edition of 5000 copies of the above Memoir. May 
the gracious Savior give them an abundant reward for their liberality, in permitting them, hi the 
day when he shall make up his jewels, to meet with many glorified spirits, out of my nation, who 
were won for Christ by the perusal of these pages. 



19 Annual Report : — Greece. 

Of the temperance cause Mr. Oncken says : 

The temperance cause, though not rapidly advancing, owing to the restrictions under which 
we labor, is yet making some progress. We have about 140 members. Our tracts on this sub- 
ject, iiave been spread Tar and wide, and I have not a doubt, that, though there may, from various 
causes, not be so great an accession of members as with you, much good is efi'ected and much evil 
prevented. All our members are warmly attached to temperance principles, and many have in- 
deed cause for it, as the use of ardent spirits was their besetting sin, before their conversion. Our 
temperance tracts have been generally well received, especially " My Mother's Gold Ring," of 
which we circulated 20,000. 

Mr. Oncken adds, in regard to the chm'ches, that three persons had been 
baptized by him at Berlin, making their whole number 7, and ten candidates 
bad offered themselves to the Hamburg church. One member of the church 
at Hamburg had died. The whole number baptized at Stuttgart, prior to the 
date of the letter (Feb. 26,) was 29. 



GREECE. 

Patras. — C. Pasco, H. T. Love, preachers, and their wives. 

1 station, 2 preachers, 2 female assistants==4'. 

Mr. Love, in a communication of June last, writes: 

Our prospects of success in Greece were never more encouraging than at the present time. 
Prejudice in this region, which indeed was never so strong as in other parts, is evidently dimin- 
ishing. We are not aware that there is at present any open effort made against us. The call 
for the scriptures is increasing. The Modern New Testament is now a school-book in the Lan- 
casterian school of Patras, containing three hundred scholars. We ourselves have distributed, the 
last four days, 195 copies of different parts of scriptures, chiefly the New Testament, and have 
refused manj' applicants who could not read sufficiently well to understand. Two among those 
who received New Testaments, were sons of priests. 

Applications were sometimes made for the scriptures on account of their pe- 
cuniary value, as the ordinary price of sale was less than cost. This, how- 
ever, was not often the motive. Among other proofs, the following incident is 
narrated by Mr. Love : 

To-day an apprentice boy wanted a testament. He had not sufficient clothes to cover him- 
self. He bore in his hand 23 lepta, (a leplon is 1-6 of a cent.) It was the price of his bread for 
the day. His master would neither come with him to solicit a book, nor give him money to buy. 
He had therefore brought us the money for his daily allowance, with the intention of eating 
nothing for the day, in order that he might possess the bread of eternal life. 

The whole number of scriptures distributed in the six months preceding 
Oct., were about 800 New Testaments, and 650 copies of parts of the Old, beside 
other religious and school books, and about 60,000 pp. of tracts. [See next page.] 
Favorable opportunities existed also, for the circulation of tracts in English and 
Italian. Most of the works distributed, were generously supplied by the Am. 
Bible and the Am. Tract Societies. 3,000 copies of the Decalogue had been prin- 
ted at a native press. Other publications, of a more strictly evangelical charac- 
ter, were to be prepared as early as practicable by the missionaries. A transla- 
tion of Wayland's Elements of Moral Science abridged, prepared by a distin- 
guished Greek scholar. Dr. Man lake, was also to be publislied shortly, and Avould 
probably be introduced into all the missions and public schools of the countiy. 

The selection of the site of the contemplated new station, has been a subject 
of careful consideration with the missionaries. Early in 1838, Mr. Love, partly 
with a view to this object, visited portions of Greece and Turkey, and at a later 
period, the island of Zante, belonging to the Ionian Republic. In the former 
tour, he ascertained that there are four places in Turkey which would espe- 
cially demand the favorable regards of the Board, provided there were ade- 
quate means for such an enlargement of the mission ; viz. Adrianople, Salonica, 
Joannina, and Prevesa, or Arta. Several considerations, however, induced the 
missionaries to prefer the island of Zante, among which were the following: 

1. The religious destitution of the people. The place was once occupied 
by a missionary, but has been vacant several years. In conversation with some 
of the inhabitants, Mr. Love inquired why they did not read the scriptures. 
They were much surprised to learn that the scriptures could he had in a lan- 
guage which they could understand. Tltey have no enlightened religious books 
of any kmd. 2. Freedom of religious worship. By the constitution of the re- 



Annual Report :■ — Libtria. 13 

public, all denominations of Christians are tolerated. Books of all kinds may 
be freely distributed. 3. A large class of the people at Zante are not under 
the influence of the priesthood. 4. The facility of communication with Patras 
is greater than from any other town in the vicinity. — I'he population is 16,000, 
and of the island 40,000. The entire population of the Ionian Republic is 
about 200,000. 
Mr. Love was expecting to remove to Zante, about the close of December. 



From a letter received since the annual meeting, we add the folloAving par- 
ticulars : 

We liavc a few days since received from Mr. Calhoun an additional supply of five hundred 
volumes of the difJerent parts of the scriptures ; among which were one hundred of the volume 
including the prophets entire. Heretotbre this volume comprised only the (bur larger prophets. 
The scriptures are now all translated and printed, except the Song of Solomon. 

Since our last, our distribution of scriptures has considerably increased. We are averaging, at 
present, about six hundred volumes a month. Dr. Maniake is also distributing some. We hear 
of no opposition in respect to our distribution of books. Since the first ol August nineteen priests 
have solicited of us the scriptures. 

The tract distributions are about the same as when we last wrote — about seventeen or eigh- 
teen thousand pages a month. We have but a few at present on hand, but are expecting a con- 
siderable supply in a few days. 

We have distributed, in 1838, one thousand five hundred and one copies of the New Testa- 
ment, and nine hundred and eighty-nine volumes of the Old. Also, twenty Italian bibles, six 
English bibles, one German bible, and four English testaments, making in all, two thousand five 
hundred and twenty-one. We have also distributed one hundred and fourteen thousand, six hun- 
dred and eighty-nine pages, (12 mo.) of religious tracts, and ninety-eight volumes of religious 
books. Our distributions could not properly be .said to have commenced till the first of April- 
embracing therefore but nine months of the year. 

Mr. Love communicates, in the same letter, the following notice of an inter- 
esting case of conversion : 

The young man, Alexander Petalas, whom we have mentioned in our former letters as being in 
an interesting state of mind, gives pleasing evidence of genuine piety. His advancement in 
scripture knowledge, and his " growth in grace," are quite apparent. He issufiering considerable 
persecution, particularly from some from nis own island, (Ithica,) but takes it all with the great- 
est meekness, continually remembering them in his prayers, and weeping over their great hard- 
ness of heart. He is a young man of unblemished character, good mind, and considerable influ- 
ence. We cannot but think he is one who promises much for the good of his perishing 
countrymen, whose wretched condition he seems fully to appreciate. It is affecting to see with 
what earnestness and feeling he commends them to the " throne of mercy," and with what 
child-like simplicity he casts himself, as a helpless sinner, entirely on the merits and intercession 
of a crucified emd an exalted Savior, for the salvation of his own soul. 

" Dear dying Lamb, thy precious blood 
Shall never lose its power, 
'Till all the ransomed church of God 
Be saved, to sin no more." 

Mr Petalas has been with us now for some time ; we find him to be a valuable assistant. We 
continue to him our lessons in the language, and the remainder of the time, employ him in 
translating. He reads English with some considerable readiness. He has the tract, The Young 
Cottager, now ready for our revision. 

• 



MISSION IN AFRICA. 



LIBERIA. 

Edina — southern extremity of Liberia. 

MiUEBLi (Sante Will's) — 20 miles from Edina, on Mechlin river. 

Wm. G. Crocker, Ivory Clarke, preachers, John Day, preacher and school teacher, Mrs. 
Clarke. On a visit to this country, Wji. Mylne, preacher. 
2 stations, 3 preachers, 1 preacher and school teacher, 1 female assistant=5. 

Mr. Mylne arrived in this country the 16th of last June, the state of his health 
requiring a change of climate and a temporary susjiension of labor. Our latest 
advices from the mission are only down to July. Mr. Crocker was then at 



14 Anniud Report : — Burmah. 

Edina, deeming it Imprudent to go back into the interior during the rains, or 
until better provision should be made for his reception. His services were also 
important to Mr. and Mrs. Clarke in the study of Basa, and to the native school, 
Avhich was increasingly prosperous. Several of the scholars had manifested a 
deep interest in spii'itual things, and one, a promising lad of about 13 years of 
age, had given satisfactory evidence of conversion to God. Two other cases of 
conversion had occun-ed in the mission, one the wife of Mr. Day. In the colo- 
ny, seven i)ersons were baptized in April, and a distinct church would proba- 
bly be organized soon, and a meeting-house built, at that place. 

The missionaries solicit the attention of the Board to the subject of enlarging 
the mission. Ajjart from the claims of the colonists, at Edina, Cape Palmas, and 
other American settlements, there are several locations among the neighboring 
native tribes that should be occupied at the earliest opportunity. One of these 
is Cettra Kroo, in the Kroo country, a few miles south of Edina, on the sea- 
board. The Kroos have a language of their own, but understand, to some 
extent, both Basa and English ; and some, wlio have lived in the colonies, have 
learned to read and write. Mr. Day enjoys the confidence of this people, and 
Jias proposed to labor among them. Tliey are said to surpass all the other 
tribes in that vicinity, in industry and enterprise, and to have adopted many of 
the habits of civilized life. — A second desirable location is about 80 or 100 
miles from the sea board, among the Pessey tribe, generally called hushmtn by 
those who live near the beach, and by whoin many of them are taken, and sold 
as slaves. A third is Grand Cape Mount, fifty or sixty miles north of Monrovia, 
among the Veys, once occupied, under the direction of the Board, by Rev. John 
Revey, now at Cape Palmas.* Several of the natives here were converted to 
Christianity, and added to the Monrovia church, some of whom are still living, 
with none to instruct or watch over them. — Contiguous to theVeys, on the south 
and east, are the Deys, the Goras, and the Condas, the latter called " King 
Boatswain's people." Some of the Dey tribe are acquainted with the Basa lan- 
guage, and a missionary, familiar with that dialect, would probably find little 
difficulty in making himself understood by all the tribes on the sea board. 



MISSIONS IN ASIA. 



BURMAH. 

The missionaries to Burmah and the Karens, have been organized with 
reference to their more convenient associate action, into fom* distinct commu- 
nities, designated the Maulmain, Tavoy, Rangoon, and Ava missions. 

Maulmain, including Amherst. Karen out-stations, Bcdu island, Dong-ijcJm, New Chu7n- 
merah (or Ko Chet'lhing's village, ) Newville, Bootah. 

(Burman department.) A. Judson, H. Howard, E. A. Stevens, preachers, S.M.Osgood, 
preacher and printer, and*heir wives. Temporarily resident at Maulmain, L. Ingalls, G. S. 
CoMSTocK, L. Stilson, preachers, and their wives. 

Native assistants, Ko Shway-bay, Moung Shway Mming, Moung Shway-Hmong, Moung 
Shway-goon, Moung Ouk Moo, Ko Shwai, preachers, Ko En and Ko Man-boke, assistsmts in 
translation, Moung Shway Thah, school teacher, and three other assistants. 

(Karen department.) J. H. Vinton, D. L. Brayton, preachers, and their wives, Miss 
Eleanor Macomber, school teacher. 

Native assistants, Ko Chet'thing, Kah Pan, Ko Taunah, Moung Tah-oo, preachers, Moung 
Bah-mce, Ko Myat ijaw, and others, assistants. 

(Peguan department.) J. M. Has well, preacher, Mrs. Haswell. 

Native preacher, Moung Oung Men. 

Total — (Burman, Karen and Peguan,) 2 stations, 5 out-stations, 9 preachers, I preacher and 
printer, 11 female assistaiits^21. — 11 native preachers and 8+ other assistants==19-l-. 

* We learn that during the last year, a church of eight members was constituted at Cape PaJ- 
mas, by Mr. Revey, and that contributions have recently been sent from brethren in Baltimore 
and Richmond, to aid in building them a meeting-house. Mr. R.,we understand, has continued 
teaching school and preaching the gospel, since he retired from the service of the Board, eujd 
much good is anticipated from his able and well directed labors. 



Annual Report : — Burmah. 15 

Messrs. Stilson, Stevens, and Brayton, and their wives, arrived at Mauhnain 
Feb. 19, and Mr. Comstock, from *Arracan, in April, 1838. Mr. Osgood and 
Mrs. Thomas, late of the A'sam mission, were united in marriage at Maulmain 
July 19. 

Preaching. — Religious worship, at Maulmain, has been conducted, in Burman, 
at the native chapel, every evening and on the Sabbath, and at stated times in 
five other places; also from house to house, and, occasionally, when houses 
could not be obtained, in the open street. The chapel sei-vice is sustained by 
Mr. Judson, the rest chiefly by ]\Ir. Ingalls, aided by Mr. Comstock and nine 
native assistants. These labors have not been without effect. A spirit of in- 
quiry has been awakened among the native population, opposition is less violent, 
and additions have been made to the church, on profession of faith in Christ. 
In the English congregation, at first under the charge of 31r Ingalls, but subse- 
quently transferred to Mr. Stevens, worship is regularly maintained, though the 
state of the church at the last dates was depressed, and there were several cases 
of suspension on account of intemperance, &c. The missionary society con- 
nected with the church, continues to be efficient, and supjjorts several of the 
native assistants. There is also a well sustained Sabbath school, (under the 
superintendence of S. H. M'Kaique.) 

At Amherst, Mr. Hasvvell, whose health, with one or two intervals of illness, 
has greatly improved, preaches regularly in Peguan on the Sabbath, and every 
evening. Mrs. Haswell's school is also assembled on the Sabbath for religious 
instruction, and presents an exceedingly interesting aspect. 

The several out-stations, with numerous contiguous villages, both Karen and 
Peguan, have been visited by the missionaries in those departments, and many 
tracts distributed, with most encouraging results. The gospel of salvation has 
been published also to many Toungthoos, of whomthei'e are numerous villages, 
and several individuals have professedly received it. 

Churches, baptisms, Sfc. — The returns from some of the stations being incom- 
plete, the following table presents an imperfect view of the state of the churches, 
June 30, 1838 : 

bap. susp. dism. Total. 

Maulmain Burmese ch., Mr. Judson pastor, 12(?) 8 (?) 118, including 5 foreigners. 

English " Mr. Stevens " (17) (?) 

Amherst, Peguan " Mr. Haswell " 4 (rec'd by lett. 4) 10, includ. Mr. & Mrs. H. 

N. Chummerah, Karen, J |°h*?a,?'""^ \ '^ '^^< -^ 

Bootah, " KoTaunah* " 10 50-}- 

Newville, " Tah-oo " 13 60-t- 

Dong-Yahn, Pgwo Karen,t 8-f SO-f 

Total (exclusive of M. Eng. ch.) 62-J- 333-|- 

Of those baptized, forty-six were Karens, and of the whole number, 205. 
Six Karens were also baptized at Maulmain about the 1st of August, 1838, 
and 17 were applicants for baptism, most of whom would probably be approved. 
The number of inquirers at the out-stations had been greater than ever before, 
though the labors of the native assistants and the growth of the churches had 
been much embarrassed by the distm-bed condition of the coimtry. 

The church at Amherst was constituted by Mr. Haswell, assisted by Mr. Jud- 
son, on the 6th of May, 1838, and consisted first of Mr. and Mrs. Haswell and 
three natives, one of whom had been baptized at Maulmain. Four others were 
received by letter, and one was baptized in June following. Ko Bike, a Karen 
by birth, but of Bm-mese education, and one of the most wealthy, uitelligent, 
and influential men at Amherst, was added to the church in July. His first 
knowledge of Christianity was obtained about twenty years since, but appears 
to have produced no fruit until within a few months, when, having received a 
copy of the New Testament, he entered into a careful comparison of its claims 
with those of Guadama. He now expresses great joy in trusting in the merits 
of Jesus Christ, instead of his own, for salvation, and weeps as he reflects on 
his long neglect of the gospel, and on the ajiathy still exliibited towards it by 
most of his countrymen. 

* Absent a few months, to assist ftlr. Abbott at Rangoon. 

+ Mr. Braj-ton, it is expected, will take charge of this church, under the more immediate care 
of native assistants. 



16 Annual Report : — Burrnak. 

Seminary for native assistants, and other schools. — Mr. Wade having resigned 
the charge of the seminary for native preachers, onaccount of his feeble health, 
it was transferred, at the close of the session in 1837, from Tavoy to Maulmain, 
to be placed under the care of Mr. Stevens. While at Tavoy, the students, with 
few exceptions, were Karens, the number of Burman converts being compara- 
tively small, and the location of the institution being less conveniently accessible 
to such. On the other hand, there are weighty objections to the permanent 
establishment of the seminary at Maulmain, and its present location there must 
be regarded as an experiment. Doubts have been expressed also as to the 
expediency of uniting the Burmese and Karen departments in one institution, 
in view of the great diversity of character and condition between Burmans and 
Karens, their mutual national antipathies, the peculiar training adapted to each 
class of students, and the necessity of imparting instruction to them in two 
entirely distinct languages. Mr. Stevens' attention will be given primarily to 
the Burmese, a preference to which it is entitled on account of the relative 
standing of the two nations as to native character, culture, numbers, and politi- 
cal importance, and also with reference to the preparation of works for the 
press. A portion of liis time, however, will be bestowed for the present on the 
superintendence of Karen students, until provision is made for their being 
taught by one of the Karen missionaries. 

The Maulmain Burmese Boarding School was reorganized in Nov. 1837, and 
placed under the care of Mr. Howard, with a Burman assistant. It commenced 
with 15 scholars, and gradually increased to 50, of whom 13 were females, and 
10 day scholars. It was supposed tliat from 100 to 200 pupils might easily be 
gathered, and supported each at a cost not much exceeding 36 rupees per year. 
The school has been very prosperously conducted ; studies, Burman and Eng- 
lish languages, arithmetic, geography, &.c. Religious instruction has also been 
faithfully given, and several of the youth have been added to the church. The 
institution is provided with a house for the principal, a boarding house, and a 
school house. Mr. Howard's connection with it is contingent, as he desires to 
return to the scene of his former labors at Rangoon whenever a suitable candi- 
date can be sent out to supply his place. The institution is regarded as one of 
great importance to the prosperity of the Burman mission, and worthy of liberal 
support. 

There are several Burman day schools, under the supervision of Mr. Ingalls. 
In one of these, containing about twenty children, nearly all the pupils have 
been given by their parents to the mission, according to the custom of the 
country. 

Two Karen schools were taught by Mr. and Mrs. Vinton and Miss Macom- 
ber at Maulmain during tlie last rains, with gratifying success. The one under 
the care of Mr. and Mrs. V. numbered nearly a himdred in April, among whom 
was a class of about 20 young men. Miss Macomber's school embraced from 
20 to 30. Karen schools Avere in operation also at Newville, Bootah, and New 
Chummerah, and some were soon to be located at other places. 

Translations, Printing, Sfc. — Mr. Judson's principal work in the study, in the 
latter part of 1837, was the preparation of a " Digest of Scripture," consisting of 
the most important passages of the Old and New Testaments, partly taken 
from Brown's Selection, Boardman's Digest, and other similar works, and ar- 
ranged under successive heads, beginning with "The Scripture of Truth," and 
closing with "The Retributions of Eternity," to be printed in an edition of 40,- 
000. Since then, his time has been chiefly occupied in a further revision of 
the Old Testament, for a new edition of the whole bible, of 5000 copies, in one 
vol. quarto. On the com])letion of this, which would occupy the remainder of 
1838, and part of tlie year following, Mr. J., it is expected, will enter on the pre- 
paration of a new Burman and English Dictionary, a work second in impor- 
tance only to the translation of the scriptures, and for the execution of Avhich 
his intimate knowledge of the Burman language, apart from other considera- 
tions, preeminently qualifles him. A beginning has been made in the prepara- 
tion of books for the Pgwo Karens, including the Child's Book, revised by Miss 
Macomber ; and The Life of Christ, in Peguan, had been carried nearly through 
the press, at the close of 1837. 

The following Tables show the amount of printmg executed at the Maulmain 
printing-office, and the number of books issued, during the years of 1836 and 
1837. 



Anntud RepoH : — Burmah. 

In 1836, there were printed, of 

Scriptures : No. cop. No. pp. 

Psalms, Bvo., 2d edition. l.'},000 56 

New Testament, from Matthew to John inclusive, 10,000 312 

Total of Scriptures, 23,000 

Extracts from Scriptures : 

History of the Creation, Gen. Islto 3dch., 8vo., 1st edit., 34,000 

Life of Christ, or Harmony of the I'ourGospels, 2d edit., 15,000 

Miracles, 18nio., 2d edition, 6,000 

Sermon on the Mount, 18mo.,2d edit., 5,000 

Epitome of the Life of Christ, 1st edit., 5,000 

Total of Extracts from Scriptures, 84,000 
Tracts: 

Catechism of Religion, ISnic, 3d edit., 5,000 

" " 4th edit., 1,500 

Catechism and View of Christian Reli^on,8vo. ,7th ed., 50,000 

" " " " 8th ed., 50,000 

Balance, 100,000 

Awakener, 50,000 

Septenary, or Seven Manuals, 6,000 

Hynms, 3,000 

Hymns, (additional,) 1,500 



17 



Total of Tracts, 267,000 

School Books : 

Catechism of Astronomy and Geography, 8vo., 2d edit., 30,000 

Astronomy, Geography, and History, 8vo., 2d edit., 10,500 

Child's Book on the Soul, 18mo., 1st edit., 5,000 

Questions on do., do., do., 1,000 

Scripture Catechism, do., do., 1,000 

46,500 
23,000 
84,000 

267,000 
46,500 



Total of School Books, 

r Scriptures, 

rr . , 1 Extracts from Scriptures, 
Totals, / ^^^^j^_ 

' School Books, 



8 
208 
24 
28 
62 



12 
12 
20 
20 
16 
16 
72 
16 
23 



Total pp. 
2,028,000 
3,120,000 

5,148,000 



420,000 
3,020,000 
120,000 
140,000 
260,000 

3,'J60,000 

60,000 

18,000 

1,000,000 

1,000,000 

1,600,000 

800,000 

452,000 

48,000 

42,000 

5,000,000 



16 480.000 

48 501.000 

92 460,000 

28 28,000 

8 8,000* 



4.20,300 



1,450,000 

5,148,000 
3,960,000 
3,000,000 
1,480,000 

15,588,000 



And in 1837, of 

Scriptures : 
New Testament, from Acts to Revelation, Bvo., 2d edit.. 

Extracts from Scriptures : 
Life of Christ, 8vo., 3d edit.. 
On Idolatry, 8vo., 1st edit , 
Epitome of Creation, 18mo., 1st edit.. 
Questions on Creation, 18mo., 1st edit., 
Questions on Life of Christ, vol. 1st, 1st edit., 

Total of Extracts from Scriptures, 
Tracts : 
A Father's Advice, 8vo., 1st edit.. 
Investigator, 8vo., 6th edit.. 
Ship of Grace, 8vo., 5th edit., 

Total of Tracts, 

School Books : 
Elementary Arithmetic, 12mo., 1st edit., 

Pegueui : 

Catechism of Religion, 18mo., 2d edit., 
View of Christian Rehgion, 12mo., 1st edit., 
Balance, " '•' 

Investigator, " " 

Ship of Grace, " " 

A Father's Advice, " " 

Life of Christ, " " 

Total in Peguan, 



10,000 364 3,640,000 



40,000 

40,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 


212 

12 

8 

54 

224 

16 
16 
16 


8,480,000 

480,000 

8,000 

54,000 

224,000 


83,000 

10,000 
50,000 
30,000 


9,246,000 

160,000 
800,000 
480,000 



90,000 
1,000 



84 



1,440,000 
84,000 



10,000 


8 


80,000 


10,000 


24 


240,000 


10,000 


24 


240,000 


10,000 


24 


240,000 


10,000 


24 


240,000 


10,000 


24 


240,000 


5,000 


348 


1,740,000 



65,000 



3,020,000 



18 



Annucd Report : — Jhtrmah. 



Karen : 
Child's Book, 12mo., Ist edit., 

Total of Scriptures, 

" E.xtracts from Scriptures, 

" Tracts, 

" School Books, 

" Pcguan, 

" Kareii; 

Grand Total, 



No. cop. 
2,000 


No. pp. 
48 


Total pp. 
90,000 


10,000 

83,000 

90,000 

1,000 




3,640,000 

9,246,000 

1,4'R).000 

84,000 


65,000 
2,000 




3,020,000 
96,000 



251,000 



17,526,000 



The total amount for the whole period, including the printing of the 7th edi- 
tion of the Catechism and View, wliicli should have been reported in 1835, is, 
of printing, 671,500 cops., or 33,114,000 pp., and of issues, 347,369 cops., or 16,- 
144,524 pp. 

Of Issiies, there were — 





in 1836, 






in 


1837, 


Of Scriptures, 


15,273 books, 


or 3,359,390 pp. 


5,058 books, 


, or 2,455,552 pp. 


Extracts from do. 


78,871 


4.505,084 " 


10,858 




905,084 " 


Tracts, 


123,421 


2,387,100 " 


44,094 




1,005,032 " 


School books. 


18,499 " 


599,170 " 


7,900 




226,420 " 


Tracts in Karen, 


3,500 " 


29,600 " 


1,735 




69,280 " 


Tracts in Peguan, 






31,500 




601,000 " 


Total, 


239,564 


10,080,950 


107,805 


5,203,508 



distributed to the stations at Ava, Rangoon, Amherst, Maulmain, Tavoy, Mergui, 
Arracan and Siam, 

It will be perceived that, while the amount of printing was greater in 1837, 
than in 1836, by nearly 2,000,000 pp., the issues were reduced to less than one 
half. This reduction, says Mr. Osgood, " was principally owmg to the state of 
affairs in Burmah Proper. If no obstacles had intervened to prevent the free 
distribution of books, our issues would have been moi'e than three times the 
amount we now report for that year, and should the country again be opened, 
the amount of means for publishing, which we have on hand, would be entire- 
ly inadequate to supply the demand." The communication from which this 
extract is made, was written in Ja)i. 1838. In the course of the following 
moiitlj, the Rosabella arrived at Maidmain, with four printing-presses, besides 
one for the Tavoy office, and from 5000 to 6000 reams of paper. 

The bindery has been kept in constant operation, though much difficulty con- 
tinues to be experienced for Avant of a superintendent, fully competent to the 
work, who might devote to it his exclusive attention. Founts of Peguan and 
Sgau Karen type have been cast, the pimches and matrices having been 
finished ; also an entire set of punches and matrices for Pgwo Karen, and a 
large addition to the Burmese fount nearly completed. The proposed fount of 
Burmese, of reduced size, had not been prepared in 1837, but would probably 
be commenced soon. 



Rangoon, including Bassf.in. — Out-stations, Mattbee, Pantanau, SfC. 
(Karen department.) — E. L. Abbott, preacher, Mrs. Abbott. 
Native assistants. — Ko Tliah-byoo, De Poh, preachers, and others. 

(Burman department.) — Temporarily resident at Rangoon, T. SiMOKS, preacher, Mrs. Si- 
mons. 

1 station, 2 out-stations, 2 preachers, 2 female assistants ==4. 2+ native preachers. 

Rangoon lying within the limits of Burmah Proper, and the government be- 
ing unusually active, tlic past year, in opposing the spread of the gospel among 
either Burmans or Karens, the missionaries have used great circumspection in 
their personal labors, and in the direction which they have given to the zeal of 
the native Christians. "A system of ta.xation," says Mr. Abbott, "has been com- 
menced, under the present reign, hitherto unknown. Many of the Karens will 
be obliged to sell their children as slaves, in order to procure the money. An 
old Karen chief has been laboring to excite the Burman authorities to persecute 
the church. He says, ' They worship a foreigner's God, listen to a foreign 
teacher, and believe his doctrines. Of course, they are alienated from the cus- 



Annual Report : — Burmah. 19 

tonis and religion of tlieir ancestors, and from their government.'" The Chris- 
tian Karen chiefs liave been reciuired to report the names of all who had em- 
braced the Cliristian faith, and ^vere also lined 200 rupees. In some cases re- 
sort has been had to severer measui'es. 

Li August, 1838, four Karens were loaded with heavy irons, and cast into 
prison, and their feet " made fast in the stocks." Thence they wei'e removed 
to the great pagoda, and offered in sacrifice, or made perpetual slaves, they and 
their posterity, to the gods. They were finally released, in consequence of the 
indefatigable exertions of a gentleman attached to the English residency. One 
of the individuals imprisoned, was a young- Karen chief from Bassein, of supe- 
rior talents and very extensive influence, who had heard the gospel for tlie first 
time dui'ing Mr. Abbott's visit to that place in Dec. 1837. He had written to 
Mr. A., requesting, on his own behalf and that of his brethren, a repetition of 
tiie visit, and a supply of books. He says, " O Teacher ! — My brethren, at the 
villages of Pah-pay, Kaunee, Kahkau, and Kyouk Kyoung-gee, and on towards 
the setting sun, all worship God, every individual. But we have no books. 
That we may have books and instruction, will you not come and bring them ? " 
A few days afterwards he proceeded to Rangoon, accompanied by 9 other young 
men converted tlu-ough his instrumentality, and whom he intended to leave 
with Mr. A., to be instructed in the Christian faith. The account which he 
gave of his efforts to enlighten his countrymen at Bassein, is full of interest 
For several days his house had been thronged with visiters from distant villages. 
Many of these remained with him several days, learned to read a little, pro- 
cured a book, and then returned to communicate the same to their neighbors. 
His object in coming to Rangoon, was to be baptized, and procure a larger sup- 
ply of books — " 500, by all means," he said, " one for each house : if not so 
many, 30, one for each village." The immediate occasion of his impi-isonment 
was an attempt of some of his foUowei's to carry away the books with which 
they had been furnished by Mr. A. On regaining his liberty, he was still 
solicitous to take as many as he could conceal about his person ; and on being 
reminded of the danger of detection, and the certain death that would follow, 
he simply replied, " Should so much the sooner get to heaven." Mi*. Abbott en- 
gaged to visit Bassein the ensuing dry season ; and it is in contemplation to 
occupy that city as a permanent station, on the fii-st favorable opportunity. 

In the winter of 1837-8, Mr. Abbott made repeated excursions to Maubee and 
Pantanau. The former is distant from Rangoon about 40 miles, on the north, 
and the latter four days' journey on the Ii'avvadi, to the north west 

In the neighborhood of Pantanau, several incidents had occurred, illustrative 
of the usefulness of tracts. The following account is given of the conversion 
of an old man who requested bai^tism: 

Two years ago, a Burman came along in a boat, and wanted to sell the old man two little books. 
As he could read Burmese, he purchased them for two large bunches of plantains. The}' proved 
to be " The Ship of Grace" and "The Golden Balance," which the Burman probably received 
from missionaries. He read the books, and they told him about ihe great God. He was not 
satisfied. He had heard that the Karens at Maubee had received a " new religion." The old 
man made his way to IMaubce, through the wilderness, e.\posedto wild beasts and robbers, obtain- 
ed light, gave up all his former customs, embraced the gospel with all his heart, and for one year 
has been a faithful and consistent Christian, tcith all his house. He has been the means of the 
conversion of several individuals in the vicinity. 

Six of these, including the old man, were afterwards baptized. 

At another village, one day's journey beyond Pantanau, Mr. Abbott WTites : 

The people flocked together, " old men and children," to express their joy at my arrival. 
After some conversation, I asked them how many had embraced Ihe Christian religion ? " All," 
" AH," " Every one of us," was answered from forty voices. We sung a hj'nni of praise to God. 
On inquiry, I learned that the first they heard of the gospel was four years ago, from Burmese 
tracts, which they obtained from the Burmans. Some began to worship God from that time, but 
not having sufficient light, they still practised some of their former customs. Two years ago, 
some of the old men visited Maubee, obtained further instruction, and became more consistent in 
their religious life. Eight or nine months since, another deputation was sent to visit the Maubee 
church, learned to read, obtained books, and returned, and became missionaries to their neighbors. 
I have seen several of the old men in Rangoon, and two of tlie assistants have spent a few of the 
last months in these villages. For the la-i si.\ months there has been a general " turning to the 
Lord," so that at present there are very few who arc willing to acknowieage themselves heathen. 
After I had stated to them the prereauisitcs tor baptism, many of them hesitated, saying, " We 
are not yet worthy." They dispersca at a late hour, with a promise of assembling at an early 
hour to-morrow. 



90 Jlnnual Report : — Burmah. 

20. Spent the day in the examination of those who had asked for baptism. At the setting of 
the sun wc assembled on the hanks of the Irawadi, where [ baptized tliirty-four, in obedience io 
the command of my Divine Master. The scene was still and deeply solemn. The banks were 
lined with an attentive group, who beheld the observance of this institution for the first time, and 
in silence. These miglity vvaters, which have hitherto only echoed the heathen's prayer and the 
songs of devils, have at length witnessed the baptismal vows of converted pagans ! God Almighty 
grant that such scenes may tbllow in quick succession, till not a cottage shall be found, where there 
may not be seen an altar erected to the living God, and every canoe floating on the broad bosom 
of the Irawadi shall bear disciples of the Lord Jesus. After baptism, the people assembled for 
worship, and I repeated to them the words of the Savior, — " He that (bllowcth me shall not walk 
in darkness, but snail have the light of life." 

A few days subsequently, 9 others were baptized, making 43 in all, in this 
village, all of whom had lived consistently M'itlj their religious faith for more 
than six months. 

The object of visiting Maiibee, says Mr. A., was, 

To give some instructions as to discipline and to administer the Lord's Supper. I very well- 
knew that if the Burninns were apprized of any large collecting at the present time, it would ex- 
cite persecution. I therefore moved as cautiously as possible, and even forbade the people to 
meet in large congregations in the day time. But they came flocking around, and pleaded so 
earnestly for baptism, giving withal such evidence of a change of heart and life, that 1 could not 
repel them. Most of those whom I baptized have been consistent Christians for five years. A 
few had embraced the gospel within the last year. 

Since my return, I have heard that, after I left the jungle, a multitude flocked in from different 
villages to see mc, many of whom wished to be baptized. The work of the Lord is certainly 
going forward in the jungles, through the instrumentality of the native assistants. I have heard 
of several villages, where the people have mostly forsaken their former customs and embraced 
tlie Christian faith. 

The number received by baptism during this tour was 67. The sacrament of 
the Supper was administered to 150. Mr. A. adds at a later date, 

All who have been baptized remain steadfast and unshaken, except three. All the threats 
and oppressions of the Burmans have not turned aside a single individual from his integrity. 

The whole number of baptisms reported by Mr. Abbott from Nov. 1837, to 
Se])t. 10, 1838, is 117, one of them a woman of Pantanau church, aged 120. 

The accounts from Pegu, M'here native assistants have labored, are also en- 
couraging. " vSeveral individuals have embraced the truth, and others are inquir- 
ing ; all anxious for schools." Several schools have been taught in the jungles, 
and a school for native teachers by Mr. Abbott, at Rangoon, which at one time 
numbered 25 jjupils. 



AVA. 

The members of the native church have removed from Ava, with the excep- 
tion of the deacon, father of Oo Doung; previous to which they had been accus- 
tomed to meet together to read the scriptures, and for prayer. 



Tavoy, including Mkrgui. — J. Wade, F. Mason, preachers, C. Bennett, preacher and 
printer, and their wives. Temporarily resident at Mergui, E. Kincaid, preacher, R. B. Han- 
cock, preacher and printer, and their wives. 

Total — 2 stations, with 17 out-stations, 3 preachers, 2 preachers and printers, 5 female assist- 
ants=10. Native assistants, 12 preachers, besides two temporarily at IVlergui, 4 preachers and 
school teachers, and 20 school teachers=o8. 

Mr. Hancock arrived at Mergui Dec. 3, 1837, and Mr. Kincaid Dec. 20. Mrs. 

Mason, who recently visited this countiy on account of her children and the 
im})rovement of her health, reembarked for Rlaulmain and Tavoy, Doc. 0, 1838. 
Preachiiio;, visits to out-stations, Sfc. — At Tavoy, during the rainy season, and 
whenever the missionaries were not engaged in itinerant labors, preaching has 
been regularly maintained, as in former years, in Burman, Karen, and English. 
The plan of labor at Mergui, was to preach daily in the streets to all who would 
hear, and at the mission bungalow every evening. On the Sabbath, religious 
worship, both in English and Burman. Little interest was manifested at either 
station by the Burman ]mrt of the population. There were a few inquirers, and 
Bome cases of conversion and baptism. 



Annual Report : — Burmah. 21 

At the out-stationp, among the Karens, thougli the missionaries were much 
interrupted in their labors, in consequence of an epidemic fever and the cholera, 
which spread through the Tavoy province a portion of the year, the progress 
of the gospel has been no less cheering than at former periods. 

The Mata church have continued to improve in intelligence and the social vir- 
tues, and with two or three exceptions, have adorned their Christian profession. 
The assemblies for worship were increasingly large and attentive, and the Ma- 
ternal Association and the temale prayer-meeting were well sustained. A society 
had been formed for the encouragement of industry, and at the annual meeting 
more than 150 garments were exhibited, several of \vhich would be considered 
as specimens of ingenuity and good taste in any country. At the public exam- 
ination of the Mata school, whicli had been taught by two native assistants, 64 
were present, including 1'2 Pgwo Karens, nearly all of whom had learned to 
read ; and the general proficiency in writing, and committing the scriptures to 
memory, was no less gratifying. A second day school of from 70 to 80 pupils, 
besides a select class of 20, who were preparing to be preachers and school 
teachers, was also maintained during the continuance of the missionaries at 
the village, notwithstanding the severe labor and distress induced by the preva- 
lence of sickness, and the death of more than twenty of the native church. 
Thirtj^-two native Christians were added to the church by baptism. 

Of Yeh, Mr. Wade, after visiting it in company with Mr. Kincaid, writes as 
follows : 

The number of those who worship the true God is now above thirty, including' the j'oung 
who are of sufficient age to learn to read and to understand preaching. Eight persons gave 
satisfactory evidence to us and the little church, of genuine pictj-, and were baptized. Among 
these was the chief, mentioned last )'ear as being a hopeful inquirer. Soon after mj- visit at that 
time, his mind became settled as to the truth of Christianity', and he became an active and efficient 
promoter of the cause among his people. Through his influence and aid, they had, when we 
arrivedj just completed a commodious house of worship. 

At five other out-stations Mr. Mason baptized 43 dtn-ing his annual visitation, 
and Mr. Kincaid, in the Mergui out-stations, about 20. Of these last, 14 were 
baptized at a Karen village about 25 miles from Mergui, and 4 at a village on 
the Tenasserim river. One of these last was the village chief, who had built a 
zayat, in which himself and neighbors had been accustomed to meet on the 
Sabbath and worship the " Christian's God." 

Translations and Printing. In the translation of the New Testament, Mr. 
Mason has completed the historical books, besides Galatians and the 1st Epistle 
of John. A considerable portion of time has been occupied in the preparation 
of the " Vade Mecum," which consists of the first three chapters of Genesis, 
several Psalms, and extracts from Proverbs, Isaiah, and several Epistles. The 
Karen Grammar has also been improved and enlarged. Several works, includ- 
ing Mrs. Judson's Catechism, have been prepared and printed in Pgwo Karen ; 
also a small work on arithmetic, by Mrs. Mason, and an appendix of 200 hymns. 
The Epitome of the Old Testament, by 3Ir. Wade, was in press in August, 1838. 
The following is a list of the books printed at the Tavoy press from Aug. 17 
to Dec. 31, 1837 : 

mo. pp. cops. pp. 

Hymn-book, (completed,) 32 320 3000 960,000 

Gospel by .Tohn, " large 12 96 2000 192,000 

Vade Mecum, " " 312 2000 624,000 

Catechism and Commands, 3d ed., 32 32 5000 160,000 

Spelhng-book, 2d ed., " 12 40 10,000 400,000 

22,000 2,336,000 
Previously reported, 13,000 940,000 

Total from April 17, 1337, to Deccm!)er 31, 35,000 3,276,000 

Issues during the same period, 12,530 vols., sent chiefly to Maulmain and Ran- 
goon. 

The following table jJteseuts a summary view of the Tavoy stations and out- 
stations, as reported June 30, 1838, the report of 1837 being retained in regard 
to a few of the out-Btations, which were not visited the last year: 



Anmial Report : — Bwirxah. 









^ 














|-o^ 


_^ 














■d 






d 






s S 




c« 


Stations. 


as 

O 


-a 

N 


■a 

.Is 


-d 
o 

o 


S 


■d 

S 

3 






o 




.3 
j= _: 
o — 




a 








u ^ 




a. 




-3 




o 


n 


05 o 




Q 






a. 


«i o 






y 


Q 


o 


j: 


y 


O M 










(3 


o — 


o 




JK 










k. 




o 




O 


m 


2^ 


« 


X 


2 


a 


£ 


r/j 


2 


ft. 


7 


9 


Tavoy, (city,) 


1 


4 


1 






IG 


8 


Mergui, 




(a) 2 














(b)2 


2 






2 


Mata, ) 
Nyaung', \ 




32 








2 


23 


(c) 297 


3 


1 


1 


2 


4 


Yi-h, 




8 












12 


1 




1 




1 


Toun^ b^'ouk, ) , ., 
Kyouk louiig, ^ ^' ' 
















18 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 


Palouk, (e) 




4 












4 


1 






1 


2 


Palsauoo, (e) 




13 












13 


1 






1 


2 


PyeeKhya,^,^ 




14 




2 


1 






49 


2 






2 


3 


Nausalay, 


















1 






1 


1 


Palau, (e) 




3 












3 


1 






1 


2 


Katay, (e) 




11 












11 


1 






1 


2 


fKapa, (g) 


1 














23 


1 






1 


1 


Kapyau, 




?14 












26 


1 






1 


2 


i Tsaravva, (h) 


















1 




1 




T 


1 Tamla, (?) 


1 














16 


1 






1 


2 


(^Palso, 


























1 


Places not designated by ~) 




























name, (in cliarge of (^ 




8 














2 










Mr. Kincaid in Mergui ( 
Province,) J 
























12 


113 


1 


2 


1 
















38 


423 


490 


29 


14 


4 


20 



Additional laborers. — The state of the Burman and Karen missions, present 
and prospective, demands an early increase of tlie number of laborers. The 
missionaries are overtasked and burdened, in almost every department of ser- 
vice ; and the calls and opportunities for effective labor are multiplying on 
every hand. Li Biu'mah Proper, the operations of the mission have been par- 
tially su.spended for a season, but a war is said to have recently commenced, 
which, we trust, will be overruled by Providence to the free inti'oduction and 
toleration of the Christian religion throughout the Burman territories. Access 
will then be had, also, to the numerous principalities of Shyans and Kakhyeus 
north of the royal city, and to the western borders of Yunan in China. 

In the Tenasserim provinces, the missionaries permanently located at 
Maulmain, are almost exclusively engaged in the printing department and the 
instruction of native assistants. The 20,000 Burmans there congregated, should 
have at least one missionary specially devoted to their spiritual interests. The 
100,000 Peguans, in the vicinity of Maulmain, a people separate both from Ka- 
rens and Burmans, and speaking a distinct language, claim also an additional 
missionary. One or more missionaries are urgently needed for the Karens, 
especially in the school for native assistants, the peculiarities of language, char- 
acter, habits and condition of the Karens precluding their being instructed in 
connection with the Burmans, with much advantage to themselves, or without 
immoderate exertions on the ])art of the teacher. The missionary families at 
Tavoy are equally in want of immediate reinfoi-cement. Aside from the regular 
maintenance of religious worship at the station, and the charge of the Tavoy 
schools, on them devolve the translation of the scriptures, and the preparation 



(a) 4 Karens were also baptized in September following. 

(b) One a boarding school, and the other taught by a sister of Mrs. Kincaid. 

(c) Besides members of other churches, recently arrived. 

{(l) Not visited the last year, on account of the sickness at 3Iata. 

(f) Constituted the past year. 

(/) Twelve members of the church have removed to Mala. 

(g) About to form a Christian villa"-e on the Tenasserim, with some of the church from Kataj*. 
{h) Removed to the mouth of Tanifa creek. 

hi) The church, except two members, have removed to Mata. 

l3 of the native assistants and several of the schools are supported by the Tavoy Miss. Society. 
The five last named stations being in the province of Mergui, are more particularly under the 
care of the Mergui station. 



Annual Report : — Arracan — iSmm and China. 23 

of religious tracts and other publications, in two distinct dialects, for the whole 
Karen race, — a work which alone might profitably employ their entire ability — 
in addition to which, they are charged with the superintendence of nearly 20 
out-stations, with schools and churches, and the propagation of the gospel in 
numerous villages and luunlets not yet evangelized. 

ARRACAN. 

The station at Kyouk Phyoo was relinquished in Nov. 1837, Mr. Comstock 
aud family being compelled by ill health to remove to Calcutta, and thence to 
Maul main, where they arrived April 7. Mr. C. has since been laboring at 
Maulmain, as previously noted, p. 15. 

In regard to resuming his labors in Arracan, Mr. C. writes, under date of 
April 13, after showing the necessity of abandoning Kyouk Phyoo on account 
of its insalubrity : 

There arc three important stations in Arracan, which, I doubt not, can be occupied without an 
imprudetit and undue exposure of health. Mrs. C and myself shall have no hesitation in return- 
ing- there at\er the rains, should health and strength be restored to us. Indeed, we know of no 
place where we should be more willing- to spend the remnant of our days, provided that the mission 
there will be sustained efficiently by tlie Board. 

The stations indicated are Akyab, Ramree, and Sandoway. At the former 
of these, recently in charge of the Rev. Mr. Fink, of the Serampore mission, but 
relinquished the past year for want of funds, there is a church of thirty or forty 
members, and three or four good assistants. 

The Board being at present unable to provide Mr. Comstock with an associate 
missionary, have proposed to him to take a position atBassein, in Burmah, from 
which he could occasionally pass over to Arracan — Akyab, &c. being placed 
under the immediate charge of approved native assistants. 



SIAM AND CHINA. 

Bangkok. — (Siamese department.) J. T. Jones, preacher, R. D. Davenport, preacher 
and printer, Mrs. Davenport, Mrs. J. G. E. Reed. On their way to the mission, C. H. Slaf- 
TER, preacher, Mrs. Slafter. 

(Chinese department.) W. Dean, preacher, Mrs. Dean, J. L. Shuck, preacher, resident 
temporarily at Macao, Mrs. Shuck, J. Goddard, preacher, stationed temporarily at Singapore, 
Mrs. Goddard. 

1 station, 5 preachers, 1 preacher cind printer, 6 female assistcints=12. 
The mission has been deeply afflicted, in the removal of Mrs. Jones, wife of 
Mr. Jones, who died on the 28th of March, 1838. Mr. Dean, in consequence of 
ill health, as stated in our last Report, i-epaired to Singapore in Oct. 1837, and 
thence to Macao and Canton. He returned to Bangkok the following May. 
He was accompanied by Mrs. Dean, late Miss Barker, of Hackney, Eng., to 
whom he had been united in marriage at Macao. Messrs. Goddard and Slafter, 
and their wives, left Boston for Singapore, via Maulmain, Dec. 6. 

Preaching and distribution of tracts. — Religious worship has been maintained 
regularly, both in Siamese and Chinese, throughout the year. In the absence 
of 3Ir. Dean, the services were conducted in Chinese by Mr. Davenport, with 
the assistance of Mrs. Reed, who had acquired some knowledge of the lan- 
guage, and Mr. Dean's Chinese teacher. The place of worship being small 
and inconvenient, and rapidly going to decay, a substantial chapel, 38 feet by 
24, with end verandahs, was built in April. The usual attendance at Siamese 
worship was from 30 to 50, ^nd at Chinese about 20. The members of the 
Chinese church continued steadfast. Three were added by baptism in July, 
one of them Mr. Dean's teacher, making the present number of native members 
six. Mrs. Dean was also received by baptism at the same time. 

The distribution of tracts has been conducted with diligence and care. 
About 500,000 pages were distributed in 1837, "most of which," says Mr. Jones, 
" were given to those who applied for them at the house, and who were told 
that they must be able to give an account of the contents of the one received, 
before they could receive another." When missionaries in their excursions 
have distributed the tracts which they had caiTied with them, they were often 
accompanied home by individuals who had not lieen supplied. Their whole 



24 Annual Report : — Siam and China. 

supply of Siamese tracts and books was exhausted in September following, the 
operations of tJie press having been stopped for Avant of suitable type. There 
was, however, a good supply of Burman and Peguan tracts, and almost daily 
opportunities for distribution. 

Printing department. — The Chinese fount, prepared by Mr. Dyei', was received 
in 1837, and was a})|)lied to the printing of a few works, until the departure 
of Mr. Dean for Singapore. On his return, the fount was ascertained, on 
further trial, to be defective in some characters, but additions were shortly ex- 
pected. The Siamese fount arrived in November of the same year, but owing 
to the newness and difficulty of the undertaking, and in part also to the punches 
being cut at Pinang, but struck and cast at Malacca, and with a defective mould, 
some of the characters were found to be imperfect in Ibru), size or inclination, 
and two or three of the most important to be entirely wanting. Accordingly 
Mr. Jones proceeded to Malacca in May and June, to supply the deficiencies, 
and having effected a satisfactory arrangement with Mr. Dyer, returned to 
Bangkok in July. To guard against further deficiencies, Mr. Dyer is also to 
furnish a complete set of matrices, and a quantity of type metal, which, with a 
mould recently forwarded I'rom this coimtry, and an ajjparatus for jjlaning and 
trimming type, will constitute a type fomidry adequate to all the purposes of 
the mission. A second printing-press was sent out, in charge of Mr Slafter, in 
December. 

The following table shows the amount of printing executed for the mission, 
both in Siamese and Chinese, prior to April 25, 1838 : 

At the Singapore mission pi-ess, for 1835 : 

No. cop. 8vo. pp. Total pp. 

Catechism of Christianity, 1st ed., 8vo., 2000 8 16,000 

Sermon on the Mount, " " 1500 14. 21,000 

Matthew's Gospel, " " 1500 125 187,500 

4000 224,500 

At the Bangkok mission press, for the years 1836-7, 

Summary of Christian Religion, 1st ed., 8vo., 
Part of Acts, " 4to. 

Ten Commandments, " 

Acts, complete^ " " 

Summary of Christian Religion, 2d ed., 8vo., 
Ten Commandments, " 

Scripture Parables, 1st ed., 8vo., 

Seven Princes, " 

27,100 615,960 

School Books. 
First Lessons in English and Siam- 



2000 


21 


48,000 


500 


24 


24,000 


2500 


2 


5,000 


2500 


136 


310,000 


5760 


16 


92,160 


5000 


2 


10,000 


3840 


20 


76,800 


5000 


4, 


20,000 



ese. 
First Lessons in Arithmetic, 
Easy Lessons in English, 


1st ed., 8vo., 
" 16mo. 

1st ed., 
" 8vo., 


480 

, 200 

14.1 

824 

4000 
2000 
2000 
1000 


126 

7 
25 

2 
1 

2 

42 


60,480 
1,100 
3,600 


Chinese Books. 

Sermon on the Mount, 
Select Portions of Scripture, 
Ten Commandments, 
The Two Friends, 


65,480 

8000 

2000 

4000 

42,000 



9600 56,000 

Total, 40,924 copies, or 961,940 pages, 8vo: of which, 4000 copies, or 224,500 
pages were printed at Singapore. There were also j)rinted at the Bangkok 
])ress, in Siamese, for the Siam mission of the A B. C. F. M., 8680 copies, or 
706,880 pages, 8vo. 

Translations. — The following works, in Siamese, had been prepared for 
the press prior to Jan. 1, 1838: (in addition to the Summary of the Christian 
Religion, Matthew revised. Parables, Commandments, and Acts, mentioned in 
our last report,) " Luke translated and partially revised ; the Golden Balance, 



Annual Report : — A'sdin. 25 

translated from tlie Burman, with a few slight modifications; a short Treatise 
on Astronomy; Stories of Joseph and Moses, including most of the particulai-s 
of scripture history from the time of Abraham to the entrance into Canaan, and 
the history of JNebuchadnezzar, with a sheet tract; these last by Mrs. Jones." 
The foUowiBg is extracted from a letter of Mr. Jones, under date of Sept. 11, 
1838: 

I have commenced revising^ ao'ain those parts of scripture already translated, and design to go 
through a chapter every day. 'J hc}' are I\iatlhew, Mark, Luke, and Acts. What leisure 1 may get 
I shall devote to translating some of the Epistles. I spend daily some time in examining native 
books, and perfecting the Dictionary. It also requires no little time to examine those critical 
works which are essential to the business of translation. Should God spare my life and prosper 
my etibrts, I hope in a year and a half more to have the New Testament completed. 

Schools. — An English and Siamese school, of about 15 regular scholars, Indo- 
Portugnese, Burmans, Siamese and Chinese, has been taught by Mrs. Daven- 
port, all of whom learn English, and 13 Siamese. Their progress has been 
quite satisfactory. A few others have attended occasionally. " The people are 
unwilling," says Mrs. Davenport, "to entrust their children to us, for two 
reasons. One is, they are afraid we sliall make them Christians, and forbid 
them to bow down to priests and images. The other, and by far the most 
weighty, is, that whenever they are in debt, or need money for any purpose, 
they sell their children into slavery, for the sum required, and thus make them 
the means of great personal gain ; whereas, if they place them with us, only the 
children's good is secured, and, being without natural affection, that is a matter 
of perfect indifference." — A small Chinese school has been recently ojiened by 
Mrs. Dean, Mrs. Reed, &c. 

The labors of Mr. and Mrs. Shuck at Macao have been essentially the same 
as stated in our last Report, 



A'SA'M. 

Sadiya'. — Nathan Brown, preacher, O. T. Cutter, printer, and their wives. 
Jaipur. — Miles Bronson, preacher, Mrs. Bronson. 
2 stations, 2 preachers, 1 printer, 3 female assistants=6. 

Translations and printing. — On the first of Jan. 1838, Mr. Brown entered on 
the translation of Matthew into A'samese, expecting to complete the four gos- 
pels by the close of the year. Portions of the same would be simultaneously 
prepared in Khainti. A Khainti Catechism was completed in February, and 
Worcester's Primer, in A'samese, by Mrs. Brown, in April. The wood cuts in 
the latter were prepai-ed, with few exceptions, by a Khamti youth, and are ex- 
ecuted with remarkable precision and delicacy. Several minor translations 
have been added, and others, of greater importance, particularly a Khamti Dic- 
tionary by Mr. Brown, are in progress. 

The following is a complete list of works printed, from the commencement 
of the mission, down to June 20, 1838 : 

A Spelling-Book in English, A'samese and Tai, 

The Alphabet and Spelling Lessons, 

The Parables of Christ, 

Sermon on the Mount, 

Catechism in A'samese, 

The Alphabet, 

Catechism in Tai, 

A Hymn in A'samese, 

Worcester's Primer in A'samese, 

History of the Flood, 

History of the Creation, 

making a total of 4,850 volumes, or 1,35,850 pages, exclusive of the fii-st 13 
chapters of Matthew. The Khamti Catechism, in the Bunuese character, has 
been printed since, in an edition of 1000. In the preparation of types for this 
work, Mr. Cutter was under the necessity of remodelling many of tlie Burmese 
characters, by paring, filing, &i.c., besides providing about twenty matrices for 
new characters. The experiment, however, appears to have been entirely suc- 
cessful, the Catechism being read by Shyans as freely as their own books. It 
4 



pp. 


cops. 


48 


500 


16 


100 


32 


500 


16 


500 


16 


500 


1 


150 


18 


500 


1 


100 


56 


1000 


14 


600 


12 


500 



26 Annual Report : — A'sdm. 

was intended shortly to procure a complete fount of Shyan t5'pes. More than 
half the Burmese characters, it was supposed, would need some modification. 
The mission will also procure a fount of Bengali type, for the purchase of 
which 500 rupees had been generously contributed by Capt. Jenkins. With a 
view partly to these objects, Mr. Cutter left Sadiya for Calcutta, Sept. 22d. 

Preaching and tract distribution. — At Sadiya, religious worship in A'samese 
was commenced by Mr. Brown in the latter part of 1837, and was attended 
with interest by a considerable number of natives, mostly workmen employed 
by the mission. Early in 1838, two zayats having been built at short distances 
from the village, on two of the principal roads, Mr. Brown and Mr. Cutter 
resorted to them on the Sabbath, and occasionally on other days, to converse 
with the people and distribute and read tracts. The opportunities for the 
judicious distribution of tracts were limited, as comparatively few of the natives 
could read, beside those taught in the mission schools. When tracts were 
read to the people they excited much interest, and frequently led to animated 
discussions. 

Schools. — Mr. Cutter's school for boys, the past year, has usually numbered 
50, several of whom have learned to read the English Testament with consid- 
erable fluency. About 50 have learned to read since the school was opened. 
Three village schools have also been established by Mr. Cutter, in the vicinity 
of Sadiya, and one of about 40 scholars is under the charge of Mrs. Bronson, at 
Jaipur. A prominent object of the schools is to train up native school-teachers. 
Great attention is paid to the religious instruction of the pupils, and their 
general proficiency has been highly gratifying. The missionaries earnestly 
request that an individual may be sent out, who shall be specially charged with 
the care of the school department. The number and character of tlie schools 
will have a powerful influence on the usefulness of the mission at large, as a 
very small portion of the population are able to read. At the same time, there 
is great encouragement to labor in this field, from the general desire and un- 
usual ajititude of the natives to learn. It is understood that the gentleman 
whose liberal support to the mission we have had so repeated occasion to ac- 
knowledge, has ajjpropriated 500 rupees towards the support of a superintend- 
ent of schools, whenever one shall be sent out by the Board. 

Mr. Bronson and family removed to Jaipur May 13. The station is one of 
the principal posts of the East India Company in A'sam, and is situate on the 
Buri Billing, in a south-easterly direction from Sadiya, distant three or four 
days' journey by land, and twelve or fifteen by water. The missionaries were 
very cordially received by the few English fiunilies tljere resident, and imme- 
diately entered on the study of the A'samese and Singpho languages, and the 
care of the native school. The station is equally favorable for missionary labor 
among the Nagas, for whom great interest is cherished, both by the residents 
and the missionaries. 

Health of the mission. — We regret to state that Mr. and Mrs. Browni have been 
subject to a second bereavement, in the death of their eldest daughter. The 
health also of Mrs. Cutter has been so much impaired, as to require her removal 
to Calcutta for medical aid. Others of the missionaries have suflfered from 
sickness, but not to such a degree as to call into question the salubrity of the 
climate, compared with that of other eastern countries. 

Additional laborers. — Beside a superintendent of schools, there are much need- 
ed one missionary at Sadiva, to be associated with Mr. Brown in translation 
and preaching, with special reference to the Shyan population ; and another at 
Jaipur, to assist Mr. Bronson, and take more particular charge of the Nagas. 
Two missionaries should also be located at Lakimpur, among the Miris, and two at 
Gowahati. Other fields, of nearly equal urgency, are accessible. " In view of tlie 
wants of the difl^rent tribes," the missionaries say, "we think that twelve addi- 
tional missionaries is the least number that could with propriety be sent to 
commence operations in so wide a field. But the solitary efforts of the few 
now on the ground, are but a drop in the ocean — they are swallowed up and 
lost amid the wide-spread desolation and darkness; and unless the field is 
speedily siq)p]ied with more laborers, we fear the cause will languish, while 
heathenism continues to spread and strengthen itself, for years to come." 

The Board have the pleasure, also, of acknowledging a very valuable and 
gratifying communication from Capt. Jenkins, on the encouragements for in- 



Annual RepoH : — .^sdm. 27 

creasing our missionary force in A'sam, and the locations which especially 
demand immediate attention, of which the following is an extract : 

You have no doubt been sufficiently acquainted by the missionary gentlemen with the state of 
A'sam, to know that since 1831, Lower A'sam lias been directly under the management of English 
officers, and that the division of the country called Uj>per A'sam has been under the administra- 
tion of a native prince. Rajah Purandur Sing, who paid a tribute to the British government, and 
who was subject to the control and interl'crencc of the British officers in political matters, and in 
cases oi' complaint of any gross mismanagement or injustice. 

The administration of the Rajah, you may also have heard, has of late been considered unsatis- 
factory, so much so that it was consequently deemed necessary by the government to take the 
state of that part of the country into consideration. The result of the inquiry has been, that the 
Governor General has determined to resume Upper A'sam, and to place it on the same footing as 
Lower A'sam, under British officers. 

This arrangement is now being carried into effect, and the country will be divided into two 
districts, the head of one of which will be Jurhath, and the other Lakimpur, on the north bank, in 
the vicinity of the Suban Sliiri river. I trust this arrangement will be for the benefit of the people 
in all respects, and that I may congratulate your Board on the prospects it opens, of extending 
the usefulness of your mission, by the protection and assistance afforded to it by the European 
officers. 

Feeling persuaded that the sphere of the mission may, under the circumstances just noticed, be 
greatly enlarged, I beg to address your Board, in the full confidence that it will be inclined to 
lake advantage of these improved prospects, to the extent of its ability, by increasing the strength 
of the A'sam mission, and adding to its eificienc}'. I will therefore endeavor to point out such 
measures as seem to me most deserving the attention of your Board, for the furtherance of the 
enlightened views in which this mission was originally founded. And, in the first place, it will be 
necessary to advert to the distribution and employment of the genUemen now composing this mission. 

The Rev. N. Brown and Mr. Cutter are, as you are aware, located at Sadiya, and the Rev. M. 
Bronson at Jaipur, a small post about thirty-five miles south-west of Sadiya, on the Buri Dihing 
river. The first gentleman is devoted to the instruction of the Khamtis, and through them of their 
kindred tribes of the Shj'an race, and also to the instruction of the A'samese inhabitants of the 
neighborhood. The second gentleman's prhicipal attention is given to the press ; and the third is 
making himself acquainted with the Suigpho language, for the purpose of teaching the tribes who 
speak it. At Jaipur he has more means of associating with persons using the language than he 
had at Sadiya, as those around him are, with little exception, Moamariahs — A'samese by extrac- 
tion, formerly slaves to the Singphos, or inhabitants of the districts occupied by the-m. I expect 
a large number of this class, now, to settle round Jaipur. They avoid the Singpho country, and 
are not being pleased with the rule of the chief who has the administration of the Woamaria 
country. They will, I expect, settle west of the Burl Dihing, now it reverts to the hands of 
the British officers. 

Mr. Bronson is likely, I think, soon to have more favorable means of communicating with the 
Singphos, by the gradual establishment of the supremacy of our government, — from the interfer- 
ence of our troops, occasioned by the constant disturbance produced b}' the feuds of these wild, 
restless tribes — and also by the increase of the manufacture and culture of tea, which will intro- 
duce, in all probability, at no distant period, much employment and wealth into these remote and 
now rude districts ; and the consequences will be the same here as every where else, a great 
amelioration of the habits of the Singphos, by the civilizing effects of commercial intercourse. 
The tranquillity that will be the result of the altered state of things, which we have reason to 
expect, by the progress of the events now referred to, will enable the gentleman of Jaipur to visit 
with safety the Singpho. colonies further up the Buri Dihing, and to reside for a portion of the year 
amongst tiiem. And it is to be hoped some of the chiefs, alive to the influence obtained by educa- 
tion, will send their sons for instruction to Jaipur. 

Schools have been established for some time at Sadiya, under the care of Mr. Cutter, and the 
ladies ; and I have received not only from the missionary gentlemen but also from our officers, 
the most pleasing accounts of the attention of tlie children to their kind instructors, and of their 
progress. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have been indefatigable in getting up elementary books for these 
schools, and the specimens produced from Mr. Cutter's press, under the many unfavorable cir- 
cumstances which necessarily attended the first efforts of these gentlemen, in languages lately so 
foreign to them, have afforded me much satisfaction; and they do the utmost credit to their judg- 
ment and industry. 

But, as the various labors, which now devolve upon these gentlemen, are very heavy, and the 
number of laborers appears so very insufficient, I trust your Board will endeavor to add, at 
least, two more gentlemen to their number. Hitherto, by the blessing of Providence, the gentle- 
men have enjoyed uninterrupted health, or, at least, have not suffered so much from attacks of 
sickness, as tohave been prevented from pursuing their usual occupations; but if, in die present 
want of assistants, either Sir. Brown or Mr. Cutter were taken so ill as to be obliged to remove 
from the scene of their labors, there would be, I fear, a serious interruption of the mission. It 
seems desirable that there should be, at least, a third person prepared to take up the work, if 
either of the gentlemen suffer severely from those casualties we are every where so liable to, 
and particularly in a partially cultivated country. This third gentleman, in case all the members 
of the mission enjoyed their health, would be disposable for making periodical visits, in the cold 
season, to all the surrounding villages, whether A'samese or Khamti — an essential duty, which 
could now be scarcely performed, without stopping the labors of the mission at Sadiya — or must 
be so hastily conducted, as to leave little expectation of advantage from its performance. 

As, howeVer, your Board will perhaps consider it proper to make Sadiya the head-quarters of 
all your missionary efforts in this quarter, which I am inclined to recommend, the addition of a 
fourth gentleman to this branch of your mission, seems to me very desirable, with a view principaK 



28 Annual Repoii : — Teloogoos. 

]y to his relieving the other gcnileinan of the schools ; as I consider this charge so important, a» 
to call tor the entire de\ otion of one genilenian to it. It might be a part of this gentleman's duly 
also, to prepare school-books, so as to relieve Mr. Brown of this office, and allow him to devote 
his entire attention to the means of providing religious instruction for the people. 

Mr. lironson is now alone, and to prevent the chance of the labors he has commenced upon, be- 
ing occasionally suspended, a second gentleman, as an assistant to himself, seems indispensable at 
Jaipur. This gentleman might also engage himself in the study of the language of the Nagas, the 
hill tribes ot the mountains immediately adjoining, and to whom a readier access can be obtained 
from Jaipur than from any other part of A'sam ; the Nagas of that neighborhood having been 
brought into constant contact with the A'samese, by the salt wells in that part of the hills, and the 
long-established and extensive trade in salt, which they have thus enjoyed. In the course of this 
trattic, the Nagas are in the habit of constantly visiting and staying lor short periods at Jaipur; and 
a missionary might, with perfect sali.ny, reside among this tribe, (the Namsanghea Nagas,) when- 
ever he thought it desirable. From the altitude of the mountains, extending from three to five 
thousand teet, it is probable that a residence on these hills would be unattended with any risk of 
health — rather, indeed, it might prove beneficial to constitutions injured by the heats of the plains. 

Jaipur was once a considerable town, and from its position, in the vicinity of the principal tea 
tracts and brine springs, its commanding military position, in respect to the passes to Ava, and the 
advantages it possesses in the navigation of the Bi'iri Dihing, this post promises to become again 
a place of some importance ; and although, from the mismanagement ot the late ruler, the popula- 
tion immediately around is very small, 1 have no doubt it will quickly improve in this respect. 
The lands in the neighborhood are inferior to none in A'sam, in point of fertility, and cultivators 
will be attracted to them by the restoration of traffic. 

These two are now your only existing missions ; but if more laborers could be spared, I con- 
ceive a branch might be established at Lakimpur, in lat. 27° 14', long. 94° 7', a little west of the great 
river Suban Shiri, about as far from Sadiya to the west, as Jaipur is to the S. W. Lakimpur is 
in the midst of a fine grain countr}', and the district is in a comparatively flourishing state. 

The great object of this mission should be the instruction of the Miris, a hill tribe, originally from 
the mountains between the Suban Shiri, and the Dihing — and as yet, with very few individual ex- 
ceptions, not brought within the pale of Hindiiism. Numbers ot them are now scattered through- 
out A'sam, and especially in the plains along the Suban Shiri. They are a very quiet, peaceable 
race, and access lo their mountains might be obtained, 1 believe, by missionaries with perfect safe- 
ty. I met, last season, with the principal chief of the hill Miris, who followed me down to Jurhath; 
and he expressed an earnest wish that some gentleman might be sent up to visit him. 

Further north, are a people we call Abors : they are Miris in language; and l^believe the only 
difference is in the name, which is an A'samese term, meaning foreign, not friendly. (The distant 
Nagas, not in intercourse with the plains, are thus also called Abor.) The Miris and Abors are 
under different rulers, and opposed to each other in exactly the same way as happens to all the 
hill tribes bordering the valley, and those immediately behind them ; those nearest, always en- 
deavoring to maintain an entire monopoly of the profits resulting from their intercourse with the 
plains, and preventing, with the strictest jealousy, any passage of their neighbors through their 
country. The 3Iiri chief told me there was no hostility, at present, existing between his tribes, 
and those north, but how far it would be practicable for missionaries to visit the Abors, I cannot 
say. 

Beyond the Abors, is a district of Thibet, under Chinese rule, but of it we know nothing farther 
than the agreement of all accounts in representing it as being well inhabited by a comparatively 
civilized ])eoplc. The jealousy of the Chinese, and of these intermediate barbarians, places a 
complete barrier, at present, to any direct communication with them, although the distance be- 
tween these two countries, A'sam and Tiribet, totally differing in their products, which might profit- 
ably to each, be exchanged between them, can only be about ninety or a hundred miles. 

If a mission could be established at all, at Lakimpur, it should not, I think, consist of less than 
two individuals, with their families. There is a much larger population of A'sfimese around, than 
at either Sadiya or Jaipur, and of course these also would call for the attention of the missionaries, 
and schools could be opened at once on an extensive scale. 



TELOOGOOS. 

Madras. — Samuei, S. Day, preacher, Mrs. Day. 
1 station, 1 preacher, 1 female assistant=2. 

No recent advices have been received from this mission. In Jan. 1838, Mr. 
Day was still laboriiig at tlie viHage Wonara-petta, iu tlie rear of the Royapoo- 
raiii siibtirl), wliere lliere was a i)0|)uIation of about 10,000 Telooooos, besides 
Taimilians. He was expectiiiir to visit, in the cotirse of the following month, a 
branch of the Mavilmain Eiiglish church, distant about 300 miles, and to admit 
nine individuals to membership with them by baptism. On his return, an 
English cliurcii would ])robably be constituted at 3Iadras. Connected with 
the iiiission, were three native schooLs, containing about 70 scholars. 

The Board regret that they have not yet been able to reinforce this mission. 
Owing to various itntoward circumstances, Mr. Day has been laboring alone 
during the M'hole jieriod since the mission was established. Two missionaries, 
at least, need to be immediately sent out to his relief; one to be stationed at 



•/5n. Report : — Missionary ^Appointments — Financial Operations. 29 

Madras, to divide liis labors between the native popnlation and the English 
church ; the other to be more intiniately associated with Mr. Day, in the inte- 
rior. S|ieaking of his need of fellow-laborers, in so vast a field, and the abund- 
ant facilities for missionary eflfbrt, Mr. Day says, — 

The field is large, and, so far as I can learn, entirely accessible to the laborer. Yet little, very 
little has yet been done for the Teloogoos, and few are the individuals now efficiently laboring for 
them. I have been almost two years within the country, (Jan. 1838.) and have acquired so much 
knowledge of the language as to read and speak it with considerable ease, and to know that 
while it is beautiful and flowing, it is exceedingly difticult to acquire. Through mercy a little 
beginning is made in the mission ; but 1 am tjet Left alone. I would now implore the Board to 
send, as soon as may be. si.x or eight missionaries certainly, with a press, one or more. 1 dare 
not ask for less than si.x missionaries and a press. I can refer to more than thirty places demand- 
ing each a missionary, though more than half the country is scarcely known to me. Yet, even 
one missionary would be inexpressibly welcome. 



MISSIONARY APPOINTMENTS. 

The following missionaries have been appointed by the Board, and have 
entered, or are on their way to, their i-espective fields of labor, viz. 

To the Mission to the Creeks, James O. Mason, preacher, 

Mrs. Mason, 
Mrs. Kellam, 
Miss Elizabeth Coyuton, school teacher. 

" Mission to the Chinese, Josiali Goddard, preacher, 

Mrs. Goddard, 
Mrs. Dean. 

" " Slam, Coroden H. Slafter, preacher, 

Mrs. Slafter. 

" " Shawanoes, Miss Elizabeth F. Churchill. 

" " France, one native preacher. 

" " Germany, two " preachers, and 

three " assistants, 

beside ten native preachers and assistants in Asia. 



CHANGES IN THE BOARD. 

Since the last anniversary, the Rev. Baron Stow, of Massachusetts, has been 
elected Recording Secretary, in jilace of Rev. Jatiies D. Knowles, deceased, and 
the Hon. Richard Fletcher, of Massachusetts, elected a member of the Board, 
in place of Rev. Baron Stow, elected Recording Secretary. 



FINANCIAL OPERATIONS. 

The Financial Secretary has, sinc^ his appointment, devoted nine months to 
the service of the Board — the remainder of the year having been more particu- 
larly occupied in the i)reparation of his book on South-Eastern Asia, recently 
published — and has visited prominent places in the northern and middle States, 
attended several State Conventions and Associations, and held numerous con- 
ferences at more private assemblies and with individuals. Personal appeals to 
associated bodies and individuals have also been made by the other executive 
otficers, and especially by the treasurer of the Convention, as heretofore. Rev. A. 
Bennett has continued his valuable agency throughout the year, chiefly in the 
interior of New York, and Rev. Abner Webb, late missionary to Burmah, the 
greater i)art of the time. Important services have been rendered in person by 
other individuals, particularly Rev. Jesse Hartwell, of Alabama, late agent of 
the Board, Rev. J. B. Taylor, of Virginia, and Rev. E. E. Cummings, of New 
Hampshire. Rev. D. C. Haynes has more recently entered on an agency in 
Maine, to be continued throughout the year, and Rev. Thomas Mason in North 
and South Carolina ; and negotiations are in progi'ess, which, it is hoped, will 
issue in securing the aid of others. Information of the state of the treasury has 
also been extensively diffused through the agency of the Missionary 3Iagazine, 



30 Annual Report : — Receipts and Expenditures — Recapitulation. 

the circulation of which is steadily increasing, and now amounts to about 6,000 
copies, moiitlily. 

Beside these personal appeals, and the circulation of our monthly periodical, 
exertions have been made to produce a simultaneous movement in more dis- 
tant parts of the United States, by means of circulars and other written commu- 
nications. These applications, so tar as is known, have invariably been received 
with cordiality, and have led not unfreqiiently to immediate and generous 
efforts to relieve the necessities of tlie Board. Delightful evidence exists that 
in many churches a new interest has been awakened in the missionary enterprise, 
and hope is entertained that tlie proofs of this interest will abound more and 
more for years to come. So far as a spirit of enlarged liberality has not been 
diffused among the churches, the deficiency is to be deeply deplored ; yet 
some, at least, are entitled to the Savior's commendation, " They have done 
what they could." 

The Board would especially do violence to their sense of justice, and equally 
to the warm impulses of their hearts, should they withhold, in this connection, 
the public acknowledgment of their indebtedness to the American and Foreign 
Bible Society, by whose prompt, liberal and repeated appropriations they have 
been enabled to carry out the operations of the year without material detriment ; 
and also the cordial expression of their gratitude for the continued and highly 
valuable cooperation of the American Tract Society, together with grants of 
bibles and tracts, mission libraries, and materials for printing, from the Ameri- 
can Bible and the London Religious Tract Societies, and the American Sunday 
School Union ; and for the generous donations received from Christians and 
philanthropists, at home and abroad, who are not within the unmediate limits 
of our own denomination. 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. 

The Board have expended, during the year ending April 15, 1839, $110,190 74 
and have received, during the same period, as follows: — 
From the Am. and For. Bible Society 20,000 

" " American Bible Society 500 

" " American Tract Society 2,000 

" « U. S. Government 9,215 37 

" other sources 56,525 36 



$88,240 73 



RECAPITULATION. 



Missions have been established by the Board, among twelve of the Indian 
tribes ; in France, Germanj^, and Greece ; in Liberia, among the Basas ; in 
Burmah, among the Burmans, Karens, and Peguans ; in Arracan, Siam, and 
China, and among the A'samese and Khamtis, or Shyans, and the Teloogoos. 
— Total, twenty-five. 

Connected with the missions, are sixty-six stations, including twenty-nine 
out-stations. Fifteen stations are among the Indian tribes, sixteen in Europe, 
two in Africa, and thirty-three in Asia. One mission, the Omaha, is suspended, 
and several stations, including those among the Cherokees, are temporarily 
vacated, or transferred. 

The number of missionaries and assistants is one hundred and six; forty-three 
of whom are preachers, five preachers and printers, one a printer, three school 
teachers, one a farmer, and fifty-three female assistants. Of native preachers 
and assistants there are 85. Total, 191, viz. 

Miss, and as. Nat. prs. and as. 

In the Indian missions, 38 10 

" missions in Europe, 8 16 

" mission in West Africa, 5 

" missions in Asia, 55 59 

106 85 



Annual Report : — Conclusion. 31 

Three preachers, nine assistants and fifteen native assistants, have entered 
the service of the Board during the past year ; one preacher, two female assist- 
ants, and one native assistant have retired from their connection ; one female 
assistant missionary lias died. The aggregate increase of laborers is 22. 

The number of churches is forty-five, embracing about 2,000 members ; and of 
baptisms reported during the year, 570. 

There are sixty-eight schools, (reported,) containing from 1,200 to 1,500 pupils. 

Printing has been executed in fourteen languages, amounting, in the years 
1836 and 1837, to 34,000,000 pp. Two founts of type and a printing-press have 
been added to the printing department in Siam, and a fount of type prepared 
for printing in Shyan. Other founts are in course of prejmration. 

The receipts of the Board during the year ending April 15, 1839, were 
$88,240 73, and the expenditures for the same period, $110,190 74 ; — deficiency 
of receipts $21,950 01. On the other hand, the receipts, compared with those of 
the previous year, have increased by about $25,000, and the comparative deficiency 
decreased by $21,000. 



CONCLUSION. 

In the events of the year which has now passed under review, the Board 
recognize abundant cause of grateful acknowledgment, and of cheerful trust 
in God. Our beloved brethren abroad, notwithstanding the distress and em- 
barrassment resulting from political commotion and persecution, and from 
sickness and bereavement, have been enabled to prosecute their labors with a 
good degree of constancy, and with decided marks of progress. At some sta- 
tions recently established, important advances have been made in preparations 
for future usefulness. At others, while provision for future enlargement has 
been a subject of unwearied eflFort, delightful occasion has frequently presented 
for gathering up the fruits of former years ; so that they who planted and they 
who reaped have rejoiced together. 

At home, though all has not been accomplished which was desired, enough 
has been done to preclude despondency and excite to more vigorous endeavors. 
Information respecting the state of the heathen and the necessities of the mis- 
sions, has been more extensively diffused than in former years, and a wider and 
deeper sympathy awakened among the churches. More fervent prayer has 
been offered to God, and more liberal contributions made to the treasury. On 
the other hand, it should be remembered that, for the necessities of the year t& 
come, the lowest adequate sum is an increase of $20,000 upon the income of the 
past year. Our receipts must be greatly enlarged, not merely to continue our 
operations at their present stage of efficiency, but to preserve the faith of the 
Board inviolate, and maintain its credit unimpaired. To the present moment the 
Board are unembarrassed with debt. Let them not be compelled to give back 
from this just and honorable position. Superadded to this consideration, is the 
importance of reinforcing the missions. Additional helpers are urgently needed 
at several of the stations among the Indians. To each of the missions to France, 
Greece, and AVest Africa, one or more mission families might be immediately 
joined, to the great encouragement of the brethren now laboring in those fields, 
and the increase of their efficiency. The necessities of the missions in Asia, 
especially of those to A'sam and the Teloogoos, make yet stronger appeals to 
the sympathies of the churches, and urge to whatever sacrifices are requisite 
for their speedy relief and enlargement. For all the millions of A'sam and the 
Teloogoos, thei-e are now laboring, iu connection with the Board, but four 
mission families. In the missions of earlier date, where preparations are more 
ripe for effective labor, and the openings for new stations innumerable, the 
necessity for speedy reinforcement is scarcely less imperative. The fields are 
white unto the harvest, and the laborers are exceedingly few. But there are 
laborers qualified and seeking to enter those fields. Several are waiting to he 
sent, hut are detained for the want of pecuniary means. How long shall be the 
period of their detention .-' The churches are not impoverished, nor has the 
time j'et come to restrict our operations. Pray ye the Lord of the harvest, that he 
would send forth more laborers into his harvest ; and let prayer lead to effoil, 
earnest, united, determined effort, that the treasury of the Lord may be full. 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER. 



An abstract account of the ■payinents made by Heman Lincoln, Treasurer of the General Convert- 
lion of the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions, ^c, during the 
year eriding April 15, 1839. 



MISSIONS IN ASIA. 

BURMAH, KARENS, A'SA'M, ARRACAN, SIAM, CHINA, AND TELOOGOOS. 

Passages of Messrs. Slafter and Goddard, with their wives, to Singapore 

and Siam, 1,000 00 

Outfit, including medicines, books, &c., of Messrs. Slafter and Goddard and 

their wives, 718 12 

Books, medicines, and other supplies, for missionaries and stations of the 

above missions, 511 14 

Four thousand reams of paper, printing ink, printers' and binders' materials 

and tools, for the printing department in Burmah, 10,066 41 

Printers' and binders' materials for the printing department in Siam and 

A'sam, _ 498 22 

Payments and remittances for the missionaries, including support of schools 

and publishing of scriptures and tracts, in all the above missions, 59,520 40 

72,314 29 



MISSION IN AFRICA. 

Supplies and drafts of missionaries, 2,137 61 

MISSIONS IN EUROPE. 

GREEK MISSION. 

Missionaries' drafts and other paj-ments, 1,661 43 



GERMAN MISSION. 

Salary of Rev. Mr. Oncken, and pavments and remittances for the publishing 
and distribution of scriptures and tracts, 



4,004 60 



MISSION TO FRANCE. 

Payments and remittances, 5,527 34 

INDIAN MISSIONS IN NORTH AMERICA. 

Pjibwa mission, draft, 2,082 67 

Cherokee mission, drafts, 1,583 50 

Drafts of missionaries, for other missions, 4.989 99 

— 8,656 16 

Carried up, 94,301 43 



Beport of the Treasurer. 33 

Brought up, 94,301 43 
HOBIE DEPARTMENT. 

GENERAL PURPOSES. 

Rent of missionary rooms, 

Glass cases for rooms, wood, coal, stationery, furniture, &c., 

Freight and wharfage on shipments, 

Insurance on shipments to Burmah and Africa, 

Postage, 

Travelling expenses of Secretaries and Treasurer, as delegates to conven- 
tions, associations, iScc, 

Salaries and expenses of travelling agents, 

Sundry articles of clothing, now on hand, 

H. Malcom, for sundry articles purchased by him in Asia, 

Printing Annual Report, circulars, &.C., 

Labor, boxes for goods, trucking, &c.. 

Travelling expenses of H. M. Mason, C. H. Slafler, and Mr. Stephen Van 
Husen, 

Clerk hire and messengers. 

Salaries of the Secretaries, 

Mrs. H. Harpham's annuity, as per contract, on receipt of her late husband's 
bequest, 

BaJcUice of expenses of Deputation to missions in Asia, 

BAPTIST MISSIONARY MAGAZINE. 

Expenses of editing the Magazine, 
Engraving, printing and distribution of do., 

PREMIUM AND DISCOUNT. 

Premium for bills of exchange on London, 

" on specie shipped to Calcutta, 
Discount on uncurrent money, commissions for collecting certificates of de- 
posits, and drafts on distant bcuiks, ajid counterfeit bank notes. 



Balance on hand, April 15, 1839, 



An abstract account of cash received by Heman Lincoln, Treasurer of the General Convention of 
the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions, SfC, during the ijear ending 
AprU 15, 1839. 

Balance on hand ai close of account in April, 1838, 1,629 90 

BURMAH, AND OTHER MISSIONS IN ASIA. 

Donations for Burman mission, 3,959 13 

" " schools, 439 98 

" " tracts, 106 17 

" Karen schools, tracts, &c., 160 12 

" printing department, 12 

" native preachers, 855 75 

" of Am. and For. Bible Soc, for puMishing the scriptures in Asia, 13,000 
" " for Burmah, 1,000 

" " " A'sam, 1,000 

" " " Siam, 1,000 

" " " Teloogoos, 1,000 

" " " Karens, 1,000 

" Am. Tract Soc, for Teloogoos, 500 

" " " Siam, 1,500 

" from other sources, 776 81 

" for education of heathen children, 313 

" Teloogoo schools, 15 

" Chinese mission, 66 92 

•■' " schools, 67 37 

IM 29 

26,772 25 



217 50 
290 16 
[)4G 25 
252 39 
228 48 




4<39 65 
1,233 04 
123 93 
200 
79 
259 22 




83 

1,099 92 
2,829 17 




50 
1,338 17 


9,699 88 




620 83 
493 47 


1,114 30 




4,537 78 
131 25 




406 10 


5,075 13 




110,190 74 
574 37 


^110,765 11 



Carried over, 28,402 15 



34 Report of the Treasurer. 

Brought over, 28,402 15 

AFRICAN MISSION. 
Donations, 1,526 77 

GERMAN MISSION. 

Donation from American and Foreign Bible Society, 2,000 

" American Bible Society, 500 

" other sources, 60 



2,560 



INDIAN MISSIONS. 

Donations from TJ. S. Government, for education, 2,000 

" " " missions, 3,600 

" " for improvements at VaJley Town station, 2,615 37 

" " forOjibwas, 1,000 

" " other sources, 188 34 



9,403 71 



GENERAL PURPOSES. 

Legacies, donations, contributions, &c., as published in the Magazine, 42,780 51 

BAPTIST MISSIONARY MAGAZINE. 

From the Agent, 300 

" other sources, 9 12 



309 12 



INTEREST ACCOUNT. 
On loans to sundry persons, 2,166 30 

OUTFIT. 

Donations, 150 

PREMIUM AND DISCOUNT. 

Premium on U. S. Bank stock, 2,262 26 

Discoiuit on simdry demajids, &c., 109 81 



2,372 07 



LOANS. 

Principal received on loans, 20,894 48 

FUND FOR EXEC. OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. 

Dividend on shares in U. S. Bank stock, 200 



5110,765 11 



Boston, April 15, 1839. 



E. E. 

H. LINCOLN, Treasurer. 



The undersigned, appointed a Committee to audit the Treasurer's account, of which the fore- 
going is an abstract, have with great care performed the duty assigned them, and they find the 
same correct, leaving a balance in the treasury of five hundred and seventy-four dollars and 
thirty-seven cents. 

Baron Stow, > /-, ... 

Benjamin Smith, \ <^'^'"'^'«^- 
Boston, April 16, 1839. 



Summary Account of tht Treasvrer. 



35 



Summary Account of Receipts and Expenditures of the General Convention of the Baptist De- 
nomination in tlie United States, Neman Lincoln Treasurer, as contained in the preceding 
.' abstract, for tlie year eiuling April 15, 1S39. 



DR. 



Paid on account of missions in Asia 

" " African mission 

" " Frencli mission > • • 

" " Greek mission , . 

" " German mission 

" " Lidian missions in North America 

Paid incidenta;! expenses to the foregoing missions, salaries, rent of rooms, 
postage, fuel, travelling eigents, insurance, freight, &c., 

Paid on account of Baptist Missionary Magazine 

Paid premium for bills of exchange on London, and specie sent to Cal- 
cutta, and for collecting certificates of deposit Eind drafts, &.C., . . 
Balance on band 



110,765 II 



CR. 



By balance on hand April 18, 1838, 



Rece: 



ved for missions in Asia, from churches, societies, legacies, &c., 
missions, from the American and Foreign Bible Society, 
missions, from the American Tract Society, .... 
missions, from the American Bible Society, 

African mission 

German mission 

Indian missions, from U. S. Government, . . 9,215 37 
" from sundry sources, . . . 188 34 



from Agent of Baptist Missionary Magazine, .... 

interest 

premium on U. S. bank stock and dividend on bank stock 
the principal on loans 



1,62990 

49,702 76 

20,000 00 

2,000 00 

500 00 

l,526i77 

60 00 



9,40371 

309 12 

2,166 '30 

2,572 07 

20,894 4S 



110,765 11 
H. Lincoln, Treasurer. 



36 



Donations. 



33onatfons, 
From April 1 to May 1, 1839. 



Maine. 

Warren, Baptist church, monthly 

concert, per S. C. Burgess, 15,50 
" William Jordon 3,00 

" George Mink 1,00 

" Mrs. Alex. Kellock ,23 
" IMrs. Daniel Copeland ,50 
" Mrs. S. C. Burgess 1,00 
" J. Spaulding 1,00 

" I'homas Barton 6,00 

" Mrs. M. PaysoQ 1,00 

" H. Payson 10,00 

" D. McCallum 1,00 

" Rev. John Wakefield 9,00 

per Rev. J. Wakefield, 34,75 

Fayette, Baptist church 15,00 
" A friend, for Burman 

mission, 3,00 

per Rev. L. C. Stevens, 18,00 

" Avails of gold neck- 
lace, per Rev. John 
Butler, 3,75 

North Yarmouth, Baptist ch., 

monthly concert 28,40 

" A friend to missions 1,83 

Freeport, William Fogg 2,00 

per W. R. Stockbndge, 3G,00 

Ellsworth Village church, 

monthly concert, 17,20 

" Young ladies' sewing 

circle 5,00 

per Rev. A. Barrows, 22,20 

Hancock A. F. M. Society, 
Rev. J. Gillpatrick tr. — 
Trenton church and congrega- 
tion, per Capt. Clark, 14,91 
Penobscot A. F. M. Society, 
Levi Morrill treasurer- 
Sundry contributions 141,00 
M. of D., Penobscot Co., 25,00 
Levi Morrill 100,00 



Waterville, Boardman Missionary 
Society in Waterville College, 
per C. H. Wheeler, tr., 
Bowdoinham For. Mission So- 
ciety, W. R. Prescott tr. — 

Hallowell, Female For. Mission 
Society 6,32 

Fayette, Mrs. D. Crane 30 

Jay, an unknown friend, to 
aid the circulation of the 
scriptures in Burniah, 12,00 

Wayne, Baptist church 12,.35 

Mrs. Sally Pease 1,30 

Gardner, 1st Baptist church, 
per Thomas M. Clark, 



266,00 



15,00 



32,67 



-461,78 



New Hampshire. 

Fiicnds to missions, per William 

Crowcll. 
Alslcul, David Nevvhall, for 

Burman mission, 3,00 

Dewsvillc, Baptist church, for 

Burman mission, 2,50 
per Mr. Nichols, 



18 00 



7,50 



23,50 



Vernumi. 

Thetford, Post Mills, C. Carpen- 
ter, per A. Arnold, 

Massachusetts. 

A friend to missions, per Rev. Mr. 

Carleton, 18,00 

Boston, Miss Sarah Bolton, per 
Mr. Gould, 1,00 

" Widow's mite 50,00— a 
friend in the country 
25,00 — do. to the sus- 
taining and extension 
of missions 23,00, per 
Mrs. Reynolds, 100,00 
" 1st Baptist ch., monthly 
concert, 10,70 — friend 
to missions 3,00, 15,70 

" Baptist church, Baldwin 
place, monthly con., 
13,60 — Primary Miss. 
Soc, Mrs. Chorley 
tr., for Mrs. Wade's 
sch., Burmah, 51,50, 65,10 
" Baptist church. Federal 
St., monthly concert, 
9,85— a lady 5,00, 14,85 
" Baptist church,. Charles- 

st., monthly concert, 19,93 

216,58 

Lynn, Mrs. Mary Bacheller, for 
support of native preacher in 
Burmah, 100,00 

Middleboro', lady of 3d Baptist 
church, for Burman mission, 
per Stephen Benson, 5,00 

Randolph, Dr. Wales, for Burman 

mission, 10,00 

West Cambridge, Baptist church, 
monthly concert, per Rev. T. 
C. Tinglcy, 24,50 

Newton, Rev. Prof. Sears, refund- 
ed by him, on account of 
expenses in Germany and 
France, 69,00 

" 2d Baptist church, monthly 

con., per Rev. Mr. Crane, 40,00 
Chelsea, Daniel Cummings 60,00 

Charlestown, 1st Baptist ch. 
and society, per C. H. Ar- 
nold, for printing Bible in 
Burmah, 10,00 

general purposes, 190,00 



5,00 



North SunderlcUid, Baptist church, 
monthly concert, per Rev. Mr. 
Kimball, 

Taunton Association, Stephen 
L. French tr. — 
Collected at meeting of the 

Association 9,79 

Seekonk Baptist ch., Aux. 

Missionary Society, per 

Mrs. A. Carpenter, tr., 15,23 



200,00 



6,00 



25,04 



Washington, 3Irs. F. Crane ,50 
Becket, Mrs. Mary A. Wards- 
worth ,42 

" a friend ,12 

per Rev. D. Wright, — 1,04 
Melhuen, Juvenile Burman Soc, 

to educate a child, per Rev. 

Mr. Parker, 25,00 

Swanzov, Bap. church, per Rev. 

A.Fisher, 17,00 



Donations. 



37 



Townseiid, Miss R. S. Roljiiison , 
Principal of Female Seminary, 
per C. Parker, 

Springfield, Cliicopee Falls, 2d 
Baptist church, monthly con- 
cert, per Rev. R. F. Ellis, 

Watertown, Baptist church and 
society, monthly concert, per 
Mr. No^'es, 

Berkshire Baptist Association, 
A. Hayden tr. — 
Pittsfield Bap. church, per James 

Francis, 13,07 

Sandisfield Baptist church 9,50 
Williamstowni " " 1,63 — 

" Female Mite Society, 
for Burman bible, 8,62, 10,25 
Lanesboro', Baptist church 6,00 

Interest on the above, 1,54 



Rhode Island. 

Rhode Island Baptist State Con- 
vention, V. J. Bates tr. — 
Providence, 1st Baptist church 
and society, part of extra 
subscription, 
" A friend, per Geo. B. Peck, 
" Ladies' Foreign Mission So- 
ciety of thePine-st. Baptist 
church, per Rev. J. Dovv- 

" Browii University, monthly 
concert, per Thomas Mal- 
com. 



Connecticut. 

Sharon, Mrs. A. Htmt, per Rev. 

Dr. Babcock, 

" Mrs. Olive St. Johns 3,00 

" Miss Lucy St. Johns 2,00 

" Miss Irene Crocker 5,00 

per Rev. L. W. Web- 

ster, 



10,00 



30,00 



38,40 



42,36 



917,92 



48,00 
1,00 



52,00 



5,00 



■ 106,00 



30,00 



10,00 



40,00 



New York. 

Broadalbin, C. Broekway 100,00 
Stillwater, Baptist church 44,00 

per Isaac Wescott, 144,00 

Steuben Baptist Association, J. 

Crosby treasurer, 57,50 

New York city, 16th Baptist eh., 

per Samuel Smith, 15,00 

" Oliver-st. Baptist church For- 
eign Miss. Society 1000,00 
" Female Foreign Miss. 
Society, Mrs. Thomas 
Purser tr., 300,00 

per Rev. S. H. Cone, 1300,00 

" South Baptist church, Female 
Missionary Society, per Mrs. S. 
L. Sommers treasurer, 114,71 

Staten Island Baptist church, per 
Rev. S. White, 6,00 

" Rev. S. White, 3,00 

11,00 

Brooklyn, Female For. Missionary 
Society in 1st Bap. church, per 
Rev. J. Ilsley, 200,00 

Amenia, Dea. John Gainsly, per 
Rev. Dr. Babcock, 23,00 



Covert church, Dea. Lewis Por- 
ter treasurer, 30,00 

Trumausburg church 58,00 

per D. K. Jlc Lallan, 88,00 

Pcrrv, Genesee co.. Bap. church, 

per Rev. E. Galusha, 31,00 

Franklin Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety, William Siilcson tr., 227,00 
(also, a gold ring.) 

Cliautauque co. Bible Society, per 

Josiah Moore, treasurer, 10,72 

Cayuga Foreign Mission Society, 
per John Daniels, tr.^ 91,92 

Ontario Foreign Mission So- 
ciety, A. Spear tr., 375,29 

Friends in Owego 16,38 

iMonthly concert in do. 4,07 

Onondaga Foreign Mission 
Society, J. Monroe treas- 
urer, 395,21 — H. Edwards, 
for support of a Burman 
scholar, 20,00, 615,21 

Madison Foreign Mission So- 
ciety, J. Nickerson 
treasurer, 1120,00 

" Asa Sheldon 10,00 

" E. Wolcott 25,00 

Monroe Foreign Mission So- 
ciety, A. G. Smith treas- 
urer, 334,70 

Ithaca, Baptist church 52,02 

Dr^'deu, collection 5,18 

" A. G. Jones 6,00 

Marcellus, Baptist church emd 
society 64,29 

Cortland Foreign Mission So- 
ciety, J. W. Taggart 
treasurer, 571,56 

" G. Petitt and family 10,25 

Tully, Baptist church 31,23 

" Luther Bowen 6,00 

" Rev. J. D. Cole 10,00 

" E. St. John 30,00 

Wayne Association, S. Ed- 
dy treasurer, 52,00 

Little Falls, collection 10,75 

Lowv'ile ch. and society 18,60 

Oneida Foreign Missionary 
Society, D.Bennett tr., 64,25 

Litchfield, 1st Bap. church 20,00 

Miscellaneous collections 247,24 
per Rev. Alfred Bennett, 
Agent of the Board, 3811,16 



Neiv Jersey. 

Delaware, Baptist church 10,00 
Flemington " " 3,50 

per Rev. C. Bartolette, 

East Jersey, Baptist For. Miss. 
Soc, per Rev. J. Rogers — 
Scotch Plains, Bap. church 18,00 
Female Missionary Soc, for 
printing the Bible in Bur- 
mah, 21,00 

New Brunswick, Youths' Foreign 
Missionary Society 242,00 

Special efibrts by same 220,00 

per Rev. G. S. Webb, 

N. Jersey Baptist State Con- 
vention, per Rev. Mr. Quin — 

Salem, Baptist church 5,10 

" Sabbath school 5,00 

" D. D. Perdun 5,00 

" Rev. Mr. Quin 20,00 



6033 09 



15,50 

39,00 

462,00 



35,10 



38 



Donations. 



5,50 



Woodston, Baptist church 



Pennsijlvania. 

Milesbury church, Centre co., col- 
lection after missionary ser- 
mon, 22,88 
" monthly concert, 7,20 

30,08 

Harrisburg, Bap. church, month- 
ly concert, per Rev. E. Kings- 
ford, 23,00 
Norristown, Female For. Mission- 
ary Society, per Rev. M. Ber- 
nard, 24,00 
Philadelphia, Female Missionary 
Society of the 6ih Central 
Baptist church 28,75 
" Miss Edmonds, for Mrs. 
Wade, sixth annual 
subscrip., 10,00 — Miss 
M. Simms, for do., 
10,00 — Jos. Burnhurst 
10,00— Mrs. Burnhurst 
10,00 — a friend to mis- 
sions 1,00, 41,00 

per Rev. Mr.. Wame, G9,75 

'• Eleventh Baptist ch. 100,00 
" Juvenile Miss. Socictj', 
per Mrs. S. McLung, 

50,00 

per Rev. A. D. GiUet, 150,00 

" Sansom-st. Female Mission- 
ary Society — 
for Burman mission, 300,00 
" Indian missions, 100,00 

per Mrs. E. Sailor, tr. 400,00 

*' Spruce-st. Bap. church Fe- 
male Bible Society, Mrs. 
Harriet Sexton, 100,00 
A friend 2^00 

102,00 

" Four anonymous contribu- 
tors 122,00 
" Chesnut Hill Bap. ch. 17,70 
" Mrs. J. Taylor, 2d 
payment for educat- 
mg a Burman boy, 25,00 
per Rev. Dr. Bab- 
cock, 164,70 

<' Collection after the annual 
sermon by the Rev. J. 
B. Taylor, before the 
Bap. Board of For. Mis- 
sions, at the Spruce st. 
church, 78,43 

" Johnson Tolman 20,00 

" Doct. David Jayne, annual 

subscription, 25,00 

" J. K. Mcllwaine 5,00 

" George M. Stroud, for Bur- 

mcm mission, 6,00 

" 1st Bap. church, annu- 
al collection, 231,44 
— monthly concert, 
10,94, 342,38 

" Schuylkill Miss. Station, 
monthly concert, 11,30 
— Sabbath school, for 
Burman tracts, 9,50, 20,80 
" Fern. Burman Miss. Soc. 
86,20— do. do., to edu- 
cate Burman boy nam- 
ed Robert B. Semple, 
25,0t), 111,20 

" Female Karen Educa- 
tion Society 55,00— do. 



• 657,10 



do., to educate Georgi- 
ana Boardman, 25,00, 80,00 
" Burman Tract Society of 
Sabbath school No. 1, 
female department, 43,00 
" Youths' Burman Miss. 
Soc. of Sabbath school 
No. 2, male depart- 
ment, 42,17 

per Rev. Geo. B. Ide, 639,55 

West Chester, Baptist church 7,68 
" A friend 2,00 

per Rev. Mr. Miles, 9,68 

Lower Dublin, Fem. Foreign 

Miss. Society 50,50 

" monthly concert 5,15 

per Rev. J. M. Challis, 55,65 

Antestown, lady and daughter, 
for Burman mission, per A. K. 
Bell, 1,50 

Blockley, Baptist church and con- 
gregation, per MissM. A. Hoff- 
man, for Burman mission, 16,80 
Smiihfield, church and congrega- 
tion, per Rev. A. Bennett, 11,28 



1,831,42 



District of Columbia. 

Washington, Prof. Wm. Ruggles, 
annual contribution for sup- 
port of a native preach- 
er, 100,00 
" Mrs. Eleanor Dewees, 

per Mrs. Budd, 6,00 



106,00 



Virginia. 

Female Haseltine Miss. Soci- 
ety of King and Queen 
county 100,00 

" for Burman mission, 45,68 

145,68 

Skinquater, Mrs. Mary Co.x, for 

Burman mission, 2,00 

Bruington church,King and Queen 
count)', monthly concert, 16,35 
Mrs. Susan Nuttall 5,00 

per Rev. Eli Ball, 21,35 

Virginia Baptist Mission Society, 

A. Thomas treasurer — 
Richmond, 1st Baptist church, Fe- 
male Miss. Society 342.66 
" Sundry individuals 210J87 
" do., for African mis- 
sion, 5,00 

558,53 

" African Miss. Society, for 

African mission, per A. 

Thomas, treasurer, 108,77 

" * 2d Baptist church 1,000,00 

" Female Judson Soc. 25,00 

per Rev. J. B. Taylor, 1,025,00 



1,861,33 



North Carolina. 



Murfreesboro', Meherrin church, 
for Burman mission, per W. 
Crane, 16,37 

Spring Hill church and con- 
gregation 20,40 
" lor Burman bible, 17,75 



* Particulars in a future niunber. 



Recent Intelligence : — Teloogoos — Letter of Mr. Day. 



39 



Providence, Baptist church 3,50 
Watering Hole church and 
congregation 3,35 
per John Munroe, 



Alabama. 

Rev. Jesse Hartwell, per Jolin 
Putnam, 



45,00 



Rev. P. S. Gayle 



Tennessee. 



Ohio. 



61,37 



8,56 



60,00 



Newport, Baptist church 22,50 

" Female Sewing Soc. 16,00 

Marietta, Baptist church 15,00 

" A. Kincaid 5,00 

per Allen Darrow, 58,50 

Rocky River Association, per 

Rev. Reuben Winchell, 14,00 



Indiana. 

Green Castle, Hannah Standiford 5,00 
Delphi, Hannah Green, for Bur- 
niaH mission, 5,00 

Illinois. 

Roekford, Geo. Haskell 



72,50 

10,00 
3,00 



Milton, Mass., estate of Nathaniel 
Tucker, deceased, per Edward 
J. Baker, 1,000,00 

Townsend, Mass., estate of Asa 
Baldwin, deceased, L. Ball ex- 
ecutor, per Rev. W. Tracy, 5,00 



1,005,00 



DONATIONS FROM BIBLE iND TRACT SOCIE- 
TIES. 

American and Foreign Bible Soci- 
ety, for printing and circulating 
the scriptures m Asia, William 
Colgate treasurer, 10,000,00 

American Tract Society, for cir- 
culating tracts in Siam, Moses 
Allen treasurer, 5,500,00 



g28,665,G7 



H. Lincoln, Treasurer. 



Notice.— It may not be generally known by 
our friends and patrons in the Western States, 
that Deacon John Smith, of Cincinnati, has 
been authorized by the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions to receive monies, and to receipt therefor, 
on their account. Whatever contributions may 
be communicated to him, will be faithfully trans- 
milted to the Treasurer in Boston, and duly 
acknowledged. 

(O'Baptist papers in the Western States are 
respectfully requested to publish the above. 



3^cccnt Kntellfflcnce. 

Teloogoos. — Extract Jrom a letter of Mr. 
Day. Since the Annual Report was in press, 
intelligence has been received from the Teloo- 
goo mission, containing a summary view of its 
operations down to Sept. last, from which we 
make the following extract, under date of Sept. 



Aside from acquiring more knowledge of the 
language and of the native character, and ex- 
erting some influence, we hope, on the heathen 
around us, to turn them to the living God, we 
have had the satisfaction of seeing some fruits 
of our labors in another department of mission- 
ary work. In my late visit to Bellary, (in 
March and April,) I baptized 22 persons, in a 
place where never before the ordinance of bap- 
tism had been administered. The first time, 
(March 26, 1838,) 18 souls were baptized in an 
extensive tank or small lake, in the presence 
of an assemblage of people estimated by some 
at 3,000, of all sorts and ranks residing there. 
The little branch of the Maulmain Baptist church, 
(now branch of the Madras Baptist church,) in 
Bellary, has been much blessed of God, and is 
doing well. August 4th, a Baptist church was 
constituted in this great city, Madras. It num- 
bers 16 members, not including myself and Mrs. 
Day. I preach weekly to this church, and the 
cause is moving onward. We fully expect the 
little one will become a thousand. Pray for us ; 
and as soon as you can, send a man for Eng- 
lish and native work, or English alone, and 
others for native alone. Is there not some wise, 
pious, active, influential brother, who will glad- 
ly devote himself to the object, whom the Board 
will deliffht to send ? 



In regard to a reinforcement of the mission, 
Mr. D. further says. 

We hope we are not forgotten by the Board 
or the churches. It seems as though we have 
a right to expect that other missionaries will join 
us, next year certainly, if it is the intention to 
sustain this mission at all. What am I, that on 
me alone, for so long a time, should rest the 
responsibilities of such a mission as it was pro- 
posed to establish among the Teloogoos ? But 
let me hope still. God has sustained us hitherto, 
and is indeed a present help in time of need. 
O may we rely on him still. His is the work — 
the cause is his — his the laborers— the money. 
Yes, his the dear fathers aud brethren compos- 
ing the Board whom I now address, and love 
with increasing ardor and confidence. Our Fa- 
ther has dealt with us thus ; so that now, when 
we had hoped there would be at least four mis- 
sionaries in the field, and some four or more on 
their way hither, and when we hoped to see 
several converts and a host of sincere inquirers, 
and the missionary work efficiently progressing 
among the poor Teliiigas, we are quite alone, 
with our hands pressecT down with labors, either 
connected with English, or of a general nature; 
such as must be performed by a missionary 
of our denomination, if he is alone in Madras. 
Still, we are not idle, nor comfortless ; nor are 
our labors (we trust,) iji vain in the Lord. 



40 



Recent Intelligence : — Probabilities of a war with Burmah. 



Probabilities of a war with Burmah. — It will 
be seen from the following extract, taken from 
the Maulmain Chronicle of the 31st October, 
that though actual hostilities have not commenc- 
ed between the Burman government and the 
Hon. East India Company, the relations existing 
between them are becoming more decidedly 
unfriendly, and fast tending to an open rupture. 
Our latest dates from Maulmain are of the 11th 
of January last, and from Ava, November 30, 
at which time no change had taken place in the 
policy of the Burman authorities, further than 
to grant the Resident an interview with the 
assembled ministers, and to recognize him as 
the representative of the British government. 
" The Mission continued to be as unnoticed and 
neglected as ever, by the government, and was 
cut off from every supply and intercourse with 
the people." 

The mission arrived at Prome on the 14th ult., 
which they quilted again on the 15th. There 
the only notice taken of them was by the display, 
on the river bank in the neighborhood of their 
boats, of about a couple of hundred of " Invin- 
cibles" dressed in black jackets, some with blsck 
trowsers, but many of the rear rank without any. 
The commandant of this warlike party was wor- 
thy of his men, and in order, no doubt, to im- 
press a high idea of his courage and determina- 
tion not to be taken alive, he had a brace of 
horse pistols stuck in his cloth round his waist, 
and also a pair of pocket pistols attached to a 
red handkerchief suspended over his neck, Emd 
hanging down on his breast. It seems that the 
head man at Prome would, had he been left to 
himself, have treated the party with all usual 
civility and attention, but every difficulty was 
thrown in the way of their obtaining bazaar sup- 
plies, In every town and village at which they 
stopped, they experienced similar difficulty, 
though, when the people could be got hold of 
quietly by any of the followers of the mission, 
they always evinced a perfect readiness to dis- 
pose of their provisions at very moderate prices. 
At Mea-day, where they arrived on the 18th, 
the people were openly threatened with punish- 
ment if they sold any provisions to the mission, 
and at night, about 8 o'clock, a fellow came to 
the bank of the river, just above the boats, and 
shouted out notice, that if any of the party were 
found in the town during the night, they would 
be put in the stocks. At Ye-nan-kyaung, sim- 
ilar indignities were put upon the mission by the 
officer escorting it, though in adiflercnt manner. 
From this place, Mr Edwards, the clerk of the 
mission, was sent on ahead in a light boat with 
a letter to the ministers announcing the ap- 
proach of the mission. 

Mr. Edwards, on rejoining the mission, re- 
ported that a deputation of merchants had been 
ordered to meet the Resident and conduct him 
to the capital, and that every opportunity was 
taken of impressing on him that the mission 
would not find itself on the same footing as the 
former one. This dcptitation of merchants was 
to meet the mission at Kyaup-ta-loon, and the 
Ye-won was ordered to detain it there till they 
arrived. This he accordingly endeavored to do, 
but the Resident, considering that merchants 
were not the proper men to depute to receive 
him, determined on not wailing for them, and 



the Ye-won being obstinate, he became equally 
so, and gave orders to prepjire the gun boats in 
which to continue his journey. 1 nis had its 
effect, and the party proceeded. Before they 
had moved far, the deputation arrived, consist- 
ing of Messrs. Sarkis, Arapet and Low ! They 
brought no letter with them, and not being offi- 
cers of the government, while one of them was 
actually a British subject, the Resident declined 
receiving them in their present assumed official 
capacities. They stated they had been ordered 
to accompany the Resident to the capital, and 
show him the quarters assigned to him, though 
even this they did not eventually execute, as 
they quitted the mission between Ava and Ama- 
rapura, leaving the party to find out their quar- 
ters as they best might, and in which they did 
not succeed without much difficulty and annoy- 
ance. Their location is on an island which a 
month before was under water, separated from 
the town by a back-water about a mile across ; 
and to the westward, by patches of flat land 
and water extending for two miles from the 
river. The communication with the city is en- 
tirely by water, though, as the dry weather 
comes on, the intervening water will dry up, 
leaving thick mud and puddles. The houses 
for the party, four in number, are placed uiider 
some trees confined within a space of seventy 
paces by fifty five, with one cook room and a bar- 
rack, but no other out-houses. The Resident 
was met at the landing place by a tsara-dau-gyee, 
who said that a woon-douk was in waiting to 
receive him within the houses. The ResicTent, 
however, insisted on the woon-douk meeting 
him at the landing place, which was done. Af- 
ter looking at the houses, he went away, and 
neither he nor any other officer of government 
had gone near the mission since. The Resident 
arrived there on the 4th, and up to the 9th, not a 
soul had been near him. He was completely cut 
off from all communication with the people, and 
experienced great difficulties in procuring even 
the commonest bazaar supplies. 

These facts speak sufficiently for themselves. 
Our supposed infallible nostrum, of showing a 
force on the Burmese frontiers, has barely 
sufficed to ensure our Resident's reaching the 
end of his journey, while no hesitation seems to 
be evinced in passing great and frequent indig- 
nities on him. Even at Rangoon, in our own 
immediate vicinity, the tone of the authorities 
seems to verge very near on the hostile. It 
appears that the woon-douk of that place has 
taken on himself to issue an order, that all post 
office packets shall be landed at the custom 
house ni the same way as merchandize. The 
commander of the Susan having done this, the 
j)acket is said to have been opened, and two let- 
ters to have been missing wlien at last it was 
delivered to our officers. The owner of the 
Mary, also, was confined duri)ig a night, in the 
custom house, because the commander of the 
vessel delivered his mails direct to Dr. Bayfield. 
He was released only on condition that he ad- 
dressed a letter to the Resident at Amarapiira, 
to request he would ascertain from the Court, to 
whom letters shall in future be delivered. 

These accounts are all certainly very unfavor- 
able to the hopes that were at one time enter- 
tained, of a peaceable and amicable settlement 
of our relations with Burmah ; and when we 
couple them with the apparent difficulties in 
which we are at present engaged in India, we 
much fear the ultima ratio must very soon be 
resorted to. 



CORRESPONDENCE OF THE BOARD. 

The Secretaries of correspondence are L. Bolles for the Home Department, including 
missions in N. America; S. Peck for tlie Foreign, and Howard Malcom for the Financial. 
CommunicatioDS pertaining to the same, may be addressed to either respectively, or to 

Secretaries A. B. B. F. M., 

Bap. Mist. Rooms, Boston. 

Donations, and other communications relative to the Treasury department, may be ad- 
dressed to 

H. Lincoln, Treas. A. B. B. F. M., 

Bap. Miss. Rooms, Boston. 

OC?>The Rooms of the Board are at 17, Joy's Building, Washington Street. 



LETTERS, &c., FOR MISSIONARIES. 

Communications addressed to Missionaries of the Board, will be forwarded by the earliest 
opportunities lo their respective destinations, if sent, post paid, to the Alissionary Rooms, 
as above. 

All boxes, packages, kc, designed for missionary stations, should be addressed to the 
care of the Treasurer, and should be accompanied with the names of thejr donors, together 
with a full schedule of the articles contained, and an estimate of their value. This is 
especially important in regard to parcels designed fur stations in the east, as they are liable 
to be searched, and their contents to be injured, at the custom-house where landed, unless 
the consignee is advised of their contents and value. 

Care should be taken, in making up parcels, packing boxes, &c.,to prevent daniHge of 
goods, from placing too near them articles liable to be affected by extreme heat or other 
change of climate. 



Form of a devise of lands, tenements, Sfc, to the Convention. 
I also give, bequeath, and devise to The General Convention of the Baptist Denom- 
ination in the United States, for Foreign Missions, and other important objects relat- 
ing to the Redeemer's kingdom, one certain lot of land, with the buildings thereon stand- 
ing — [Here describe the premises with exactness and particularityl — to be held and pos- 
sessed by the said Convention, their successors and assigns, forever, for the purposes speci- 
fied in the Act of Incorporation. 

Form qf a Legacy to the Convention. 
I also give and bequeath to The General Convention of the Baptist Denomination in 
the United Slates, for Foreign Missions, and other important objects relating to the 
Redeemer's kingdom, dollars, for the purposes of the Conven- 

tion, as specified in the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor lo pay said 
sum to the Treasurer of said Convention, taking a receipt therefor, within 
months after my decease- 



THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY MAGAZINE 

Is published on the first of every^jnonth, in numbers of, at least, 
one and a half sheets, or twenty-four pages octavo, and contains an 
account of the proceedings of the General Convention, and .of the 
Board, a monthly list of receipts^yi'nto the Treasury, a connecteid^iew 
of all the Missions of the Board, including journals and letters of the 
missionaries, summary notices of other Missionary Societies, and 
occasional statements and essays relative to Foreign Missions'. 



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