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i-IBRARy 



EASTWOOD URBAN-DTSTRICT 

; I " 


COUNCIL. 



ANNUAL 

REPORT 


on the work of the 

PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT 

For the Year 1938. 




J. S. DRUMMOND, M.B., Ch.B., D.P.H., 

Medical Officer of Health. 




G, C. Brittain and Sons, Ltd., Printers, " Advertiser ” Office, Eastwood. 



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V' ' 1 


URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL 
OF EASTWOOD. 


YEAR 1938. 


Chairman: MR. W. DARRINCxTON. 
Vice-Chairman: MR. P. PINNINGTON. 


MR. C. BARRETT. 

MR. J. BIRKIN, J.P. 

MR. N. ]. R. BUTLER. 
MRS. E. M. BUTLER. 

MR. W. GRAINGER. 

MR. G. HAND. 

MR. T 


MR. W. E. HOPKIN, 

I-P., C 

MR. A. LEIVERS. 

MR. C. LIMB. 

MR. A. LINWOOD. 

DR. W. C. T. ROBEY. 
MR. E. WILSON. 

. WILSON. 


HIGHWAY, SANITARY, AND GENERAL PURPOSES 
COMMITTEE. 

Chairman: MR. P. PINNINGTON. 
Vice-Chairman: MR. A. LEIVERS. 

Members : The whole C'oiincil 


PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICERS. 


Medical Officer of Health: J. S. DRUMMOND, M.B., 
Ch.R., D.P.H. 


Chief Sanitary Inspector: A. G. WHEELER, F.I.S.E., 
M.l.Mun.C.E., F.S.A., M.S.LA. 


Additional Sanitary Inspector: P. G. ROLLING, M.S.T.A 

Cert.S.l.R. 


Clerk: D. A. SHEWARD 


ANNUAL REPORT 

TO THE URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL OF EASTWOOD. 


Mr. Chairman-, Madam and Gknthemex, 

The Report I have the honour; to present to you refers to the 
Health and Sanitary conditions of the Eastwood Urban District for 
the year 1938. 

The Report is an Ordinary Report and is written in conformity 
with the suggestions contained in Circular No. 1728, issued by the 
Ministry of Health, dealing with Annual Reports. 

My acknowledgments and gratitude are due to Mr. A. G. 
Wheeler, Surveyor and Sanitary Inspector, and to Mr. P. G. Rolling, 
Additional Sanitary Inspector, for all their help and assistance during 
the compiling of this Report. 

I desire to place on record my appreciation of your decision 
to appoint a Clerk to the Health Department, who could also assist 
generally in the work of the Council. In this capacity you appointed 
Mr. Dennis Alan Sheward, who commenced his duties on the 
2nd January, 1939. Time will prove the value and wisdom of this 
appointment, which already is proving of the greatest possible service, 
particularly as the work of your Officers is increasing with the added 
duties of the Air Raid Precautions Scheme. This work, which will 
be so essential in war time, must be brought to a state of efficiency in 
the more leisurely days of peace, and unless the necessary time is 
devoted to it, such an end cannot be attained. To relieve your 
Officials of much of their clerical work has assured this and has en- 
abled a useful balance to be struck and maintained. 


STATISTICS AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS OF THE AREA. 

Area ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,172 acres 

Popi'LATioN : Estimated by Registrar-General (mid- 
year, 1938) ... 8,990 

Number of Inhabited Houses (April 1st, 1938) ... ... 2,572 

Rateable Value (1st January, 1938) ... ... ... £35,435 

(31st December, 1938) ... ... ... £35,456 

Product of Penny Rate (1st January, 1938) ... ... £128 

(31st December, 1938) ... £131 

.The chief industry is Coal Mining. There are no large 


factories in the District, though factories are within easy reach and 
employ a large number of persons from this area. 

4'he Langley Mill and Aldercar Go-operative Society have an 
•up-to-date Dairy Plant with modern means of pasteurisation, and the 
Midland (io-operative Laundries Association have a fairly large 
Laundry within the area. 


Unemployment ligures are comparative!}/ low and remain fairly 
constant. They do not appear to have exercised any significant 
influence on the health or physiipie of children or adults. 

During the year the area remained as constituted on the 
1st April, 19d5, when the Nottinghamshire County Review Order, 
ll)d4, came into force. 


EXTRACTS FROM VITAL STATISTICS OF THE YEAR. 
Births. 


Li\'e Births. 

Total. ^^ale. 

Female. 

Legitimate 

185 64 

71 

Illegitimate 

5 2 

8 


140 GG 

74 

Birth Rate (pei 

r 1,900 of the population) : 15.55. 


Still Births 

Total. Male. 

Female. 

Legitimate 

7 5 

2 

Illegitimate 

— 

— 


Still Birth Rate (per 1,000 total (live and still) births) : 4T.62. 

I'otal. Male Female. 

Deaths 87 49 88 

Death Rate fper 1,000 of the population) : 9.89. 

Natural increase of population (excess of births over deaths) : 58. 

Deaths from Puerperal Causes : — 

Number of Rate per 1,000 total (live 
deaths. and still; births. 

Puerperal Sepsis ... ... 0 0 

Other Puerperal Causes ... 0 0 

Infant Mortality : — 

Deaths of Infants under one year of age : 

Male. 

Legitimate ... ... ... • • • 

Illegitimate ... ... ... ••• — 

Total ... ... ••• 

Death Rate of Infants under one year of age: 

All Infants (per 1,000 live births) 

Legitimate Infants (per 1,000 legitimate live births) ... 

Illegitimate Infants (per 1 ,000 illegitimate live births) 

The Death Rate of all Infants fper 1,000 live births) for p:ng- 
land and Wales is 58. 


Female. 

8 

1 

4 


78.57 

74.07 

200.00 


4 


Deaths from Cancer (all ages) ... ... ... 14 

,, ,, Measles (all ages) 0 

,, ,, Whooping Cough (all ages) .. . ... 0 

,, ,, Diarrhoea (under 2 years of age) ... 1 


ALL CAUSES OF DEATHS, 1938. 



Number 
of Deaths. 

M. F. 

1. — Typhoid and paratyphoid fever 

... 0 

0 

2. — Measles 

... 0 

0 

3. — Scarlet Fever ... 

... 0 

1 

4. — Whooping Cough 

... 0 

0 

5. — Diphtheria 

... 0 

1 

G. — -Influenza 

... 0 

0 

7. — Encephalitis lethargica 

... 0 

0 

8. — Cerebro-spinal fever ... 

... 0 

0 

9. — Tuberculosis of respiratory system ... 

. . . 3 

o 

10. — Other tuberculosis 

2 

0 

11.— Syphilis 

0 

0 

12. — General paralysis of the insane, tabes dorsalis 

... 0 

0 

13. — Cancer 

... 8 

6 

14. — 'Diabetes 

... 0 

2 

15.— Cerebral Haemorrhage, ... 

... 4 

2 

16. — Heart disease ... 

... 8 

10 

IT. — “Aneurysm 

... 0 

0 

18.— Other circulatory diseases 

2 

1 

19. — Bronchitis 

" ! ’ 3 

0 

20. — Pneumonia (all forms) 

... 1 

1 

21.— Other respiratory diseases ... 

... 1 

0 

22. — Peptic ulcer 

... 0 

0 

23. — Diarrhoea (under 2 years) 

... 1 

0 

24. — Appendicitis 

... 0 

0 

25. -Cirrhosis of liver 

... 0 

0 

26. — Other liver diseases ... 

... 1 

0 

27. — Other digestive diseases 

. . . 3 

2 

28. — Acute and chronic nephritis .. . 

... 0 

0 

29. — Puerperal sepsis 

... 0 

0 

30. — Other puerperal diseases 

... 0 

0 

31.— Congenital debility, premature birth, etc. ... 

... 4 

4 

32. — Senility 

2 

2 

33. — Suicide ... 

... 0 

0 

34. — Other violence 

... 1 

1 

'15. — Other defined diseases 

... 4 

o 

36. — Causes, ill-defined or unknown 

... 1 

1 

All Causes ... 

... 49 



5 


EASTWOOD. 


The annual variations of the Birth and Death Rates in the 
District are shown in the following- table 


Year. 

Birth Rate. 
Per 1,000 of 
the Population 

Death Rate. 

Per 1,000 of 
. the Population. 

Infant 
Mort. Rate 
Per 1,000 
Live Births 

1925 

18.1 

12.8 

73.8 

1926 

21.6 

12.5 

109.1 

192T 

17.9 

9.57 . ... 

30.3 

1928 

20.0 

10.4 

36.6 

1929 

19.2 

11.4 

38.4 

1^30 

19.0 

11.3 

57.T 

1931 

18.3 

13.8 

60.6 

1932 

19.8 

10.3 

72.0 

1933 

16.2 

12.1 

77.3 

1934 

20.2 

10.7 

78.2 

1935 

15.4 

8.4 

62.0 

1936 

15.6 

11.2 

42.2 

193T 

16.2 

12.05 

74.8 

1938 

15.5 

9.89 

78.57 


ENGLAND AND WALES. 

Comparative figures for England and Wales read as follows : — 

1925 


18.3 


12.2 

... - 70 

1926 


17.8 


11.6 

70 

1927 


16.7 


12.3 

69 

1928 


16.7 


11.7 

65 

1929 


16.3 


13.4 

74 

1930 


16.3 


11.4 

60 

1931 


15.8 


12.3 

66 

1932 


15.3 


12.0 

65 

1933 


14.4 


12.3 

64 

1934 


14.8 


11.8 

59 

1935 


14.7 


11.7 

57 

1936 


14.8 


12.1 

59 

1937 


14.9 


12.4 

58 

1938 


15.1 


11.6 

53 


6 


The following- table compares various Rates in your area with those of England and Wales and 
selected groups of towns : — 

Birth-rates, Death-rates and Analysis of Mortality i England and Wales, London, 126 County 
in the year 1938. I i BoToughs & Great Towns, & 148 Smaller Tow ns. 

(Provisional Figures based on Weekly and Quarterly Returns). 


Rate 

PER 1,000 

Live Births. 

^ 1 

MuaA ouQ .lapHH 
sipuaa; j 

CC 

1^ 

^ ^ lO 

78.57 

•(sjUaX OAljr ! 

.lapiiii) spLiaiug , 
piIR R30T{.I.IPTQ 
tttOJJ SIpG0(J 

lO 

lO 

X -O — 

d d 


Annual Death-Rate per 1,000 Population. 

•Bziiangui i 

iro 

O r-i 'O 

o d d 

0.00 

i 

•RiiaipipTiQ; 

0.07 

0.07 

O.OG ' 

0.05 

0.11 

•T[.ono[) SiikIoot[j,w 

o 

o 

o o o 

d d d 

00 '0 

1 

•.lO.VOJ I^OpiGOg 

0.01 

0.01 

i 

0.01 

0.01 

0.11 


too 

»0 O 

o o c; 

d do 

0.00 1 

•xocT-guuig! 

00- 0 

' 

0.00 

1 

•S.I3A0J 

piOTJcIA!^RIRcI 

pilB piOipI^X 

0.00 

1 

0.00 

i 

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

■sosiiR^ gy 

1 


n.7 

11.0 

11.4 

9.89 

_ i. 

Q M 

W O H 

•sTp.ga iiDS 

1 

o 

d 

s g ^ 

d do 

GC 

d 

•srg.iie; 3AIg 

! 

1 

s 

i 

1 

j LC ^ ^ 

15.55 


Eng-laiid and Wales ... 

126 County Borono-lis 
and Great Towns, 
inclndino' London ... 

148 Smaller Towns 

(Rc.sident Popula- 

tions 25,000 to 50,000 
at Census, 1931) 

London xVdministrativc 
Conutv 

1 

1 

1 

1 

c 

c 

X 

cc 

K 

1 

> 

f 

i 


i 



GENERAL PROVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES FOR 
THE AREA. 


Public Health Officers. 

The following list gives the names and addresses of the various 
Public Health Officers : — 

Medical Officer of Health : 

J. S. DRUMMOND, M.B., 

Ch.B., D.P.H. 

C'hief Sanitary Inspector: 

A. G. WHEELER, F.I.S.E., 

M.I.Mun.C.E., F.S.A., M.S.I.A, 

Additional Sanitary Inspector : 

P. G. ROLLING, M.S.I.A,, 

Cert. S. LB. 

Clerk : 

D. A. SHEWARD. 

Laboratory Facilities. 

Investigations with regard to the examination of swabs and 
other matters connected with the diagnosis of disease are under- 
taken at the Laboratories of the Nottingham County Council. 

Ambulance Facilities. 

The Council does not possess a public ambulance. An agree- 
ment which was made on the I2th June, 1936, with Messrs. Neville 
and Co., of Nottingham Road, Eastwood, is still in force. The 
terms of this agreement provide for an annual payment by the Council 
to Messrs. Neville and Co. of T50, for which an ambulance and driver 
are available for all non-infectious cases requiring assistance. The 
agreement also provides that any injured or sick person within the 
Urban District of Eastwood shall have the first claim to the use of the 
ambulance, and a charge may be made by Messrs. Neville and Co., 
not exceeding the sum of 7s. 6d., for its use to or from a hospital or 
similar institution in the City of Nottingham, the Borough of Ilkeston 
or the Parish of Heanor, together with a further charge for waiting- 
time not exceeding the sum of 2s. per hour, or part of an hour after 
the first hour, and such waiting time shall be reckoned from the time 
of arrival at the place at which the ambulance may be required to wait. 

During the year 97 calls were made for the use of the 
ambulance by persons residing within the Urban District. 

Cases of infectious disease are removed by the ambulances 
belonging tO' the hospital or institution to which the cases are removed. 

Nursing in the Home. 

An Association supported by private effort and not subsidised 
by any Authority provides three Queen’s Nurses for treating non- 
infectious cases in the homes of the people. 


Health Department, 
Council Offices, 
Church Street, 
Eastwood. 


8 


Treatment Centres and Clinics. 

The following services are under the control of the Notting- 
hamshire County Council and are held at the Clinic, Council School, 
Devonshire Drive, Eastwood : — • 

Child Welfare Centre : Weekly ; Thursday, 9.30 to 12' noon. 

Ante-Natal Clinic: Fortnightly; Tuesday, 9.30 to It? noon. 

Post-Natal Clinic: Monthly; Wednesday, 9.30 to 12 noon. 

School Clinic: Twice Weekly; Tuesday, 2 to 4 p.m., Friday, 
9.30 to 12 noon. 

Tuberculosis Dispensaries are at Mansfield, Newark, Notting- 
ham, Retford, and Worksop and are controlled by the Nottingham- 
shire County Council. 

Venereal Diseases Treatment Centres are at Mansfield and 
Nottingham. The Centre at Mansfield is under the control of the 
Nottinghamshire County Council. The (Centre at Nottingham, 
although under the control of the Nottingham City Council, also 
admits County cases. 

Hospitals. 

There are no General Hospitals in this area. 

Institutions at Nottingham, Mansfield, Ilkeston, and Heanor 
are available and are taken advantage of by the inhabitants. The 
services available in the City of Nottingham (eight miles distant) are 
of an up-to-date and efficient character. 

There are no maternity homes in this area. '\t Heanor and 
Ilkeston there are hospitals and maternity homes. In cases of 
Puerperal complications a consultant service is provided by the Not- 
tinghamshire County Council. The Nottingham General Hospital 
has facilities for admitting complicated maternity cases, and also 
cases of Puerperal Sepsis. The Nottingham Hospital for Women 
intends shortly tO' open its new accommodation provided to deal with 
similar cases. 

There is no Hospital for Infectious. Diseases in this District. 
When possible cases of Infectious Disease are admitted to the In- 
fectious Diseases Hospital of the Basford Rural District Council. 
During the autumn and winter of the year this accommodation is 
inadequate and arrangements have to be made to send cases to other 
institutions. Fortunately the Belper Joint Hospital Committee has 
been able to give valuable assistance and cases have been admitted 
to their hospital. The completion of the Infectious Diseases hospital 
scheme for the County is more than ever a much needed service in this 
district. Unfortunately it has not been possible to obtain hospital- 
isation for all cases requiring removal to hospital owing to the demand 
for hospital beds exceeding the supply. At any time the absence of 
adequate Infectious Diseases Hospital accommodation is a serious 
matter, but in time of sporadic outbreak the lack of this provision may 
precipitate a serious epidemic. 

Health Visitors. 

These are supplied by the County Council, and work in con- 
nection with the schools. Cases requiring Orthopaedic and special 
treatment are arranged for, and undertaken by the County Council. 

No Health \hsitors or Special Nurses are employed or sub- 
sidised by the Focal Autliority. 


9 


Midwifery and Maternity Services. 

In pursuance of the Midwives’ Act, 1930, the Nottingham- 
shire County Council has made the following provisions in this 
District 


District Served : 
EASTWOOD. 

Name : 

District Nurse- 
Midwife ; 

C. C. WEIGHT. 

Address : 

47, Eatcliffe St., 
Eastwood. 

Tcleplioiio 

Langley 

371. 

No. 

Mill 

EASTWOOD. 

County Midwife : 
H. EUSSELL. 

9, Cluircli Walk, 
Eastwood. 

La no lev 
372. 

Mill 

GEEASLEY (ex- 
cept Giltbrook and 
Watiiall) and 
])arte of 
EASTWOOD. 

District Nurse- 
Midwives : 

E. A. B. DAVIS. 

I. F. PASSMOEE. 

314, Nottni. Eoad, 
Eastwood. 

Langley 

333. 

Mill 

BEINSLEY. 

District Nurse- 
Midwife : 

E. EIPLEY. 

21, Broad Lane, 
Brinsley. 

Langley 

380. 

Mill 


Applications for booking tlic services of Midwives, either as Midwives or 
Alaternity Nurses, should be made direct to the Midwife selected. 

The fees for a County Midwife’s or District Nurse-Midwife’s services under 
these arranoements are: As a Alidwife, 10s.; as a Maternity Nurse, =£1. 

Ileduced fees will be charged in cases of proved necessity. 

SANITARY CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE AREA. 

Water. 

The whole of the District has a piped water supply, which 
throughout the year was of good quality and sufficient in volume and 
pressure. The water is derived from the Papplewick Reservoirs and 
the Derwent Valley Water Scheme and is under the control and 
supervision of the Water Engineer of the Nottingham County 
Borough Council. The main was extended in Mill Road to accom- 
modate 26 houses erected by the Council, and the main in Park 
Avenue was exchanged for one of a larger size. 

Drainage and Sewerage. 

The whole of the District except for three small areas is pro- 
vided with sewers. No sewer extensions were required during the 
year. 

The Sewage Works are in the Newthorpe part of the District 
and a scheme for the extension and re-construction of these works is 
now in progress. 

Rivers and Streams. 

The Nethergreen brook and River Erewash are the streams 
running through and on the boundary of the District. No action to 
check pollution was necessary. 

Closet Accommodation. 

Number of conversions to water closets. 

1983. 1984. 1935. 1936. 193T. 1938. 

60 14 12 3 2 4 

Number of closets on conservancy system remain- Pail. Other s. 

ing on 31st December, 1938 ... ... ... 20 45 

Number of Slop closets remaining on 31st December, 1938 ... 37 

Number of Water closets on 31st December, 1938 2,275 


10 


Public Cleansing. 

The whole of the house refuse collection is carried out by the 
Local Authority, all dustbins being emptied once weekly, and in some 
cases twice weekly. 

Three Bedford motor refuse collection vehicles are in use, each 
being provided with sliding dust covers. The work of collection is 
facilitated by the use of trollies with pneumatic tyred wheels, which 
are used for conveying the dustbins to and from the collection vehicle. 

The disposal of refuse is effected by tipping on the Bradford 
System. The tip is situated at New Eastwood, where one man is 
permanently employed. 

All the men employed in the Cleansing Service are provided 
with waterproof clothing for use during bad weather. 

A scale of charges for the collection of Trade Refuse was 
adopted by the Council in June, 1938, and the following leaflet was 
printed and issued to those concerned : — - 

URBAN DISTRICT OF EASTWOOD. 

Public Ilealtli Act, 1936. 


COLLECTION OF TRADE REFUSE. 


Pursuant to the provisions of Section 73 of the Public Health Act, 
1936, the Urban District Coucil of Eastwood HEREBY GIVE NOTICE that 
as and from the First day of July, One thousand nine hundred and thirty- 
eight, the following charges will be made for the collection of trade refuse 
within the Urban District of Eastwood, namely: — 

(«) For the collection of trade refuse from galvanised iron dustbins, the 
capacity of which shall not be more than four cubic feet, a charge 
of 3d. per bin, subject to the contents of one bin per week being col- 
lected and disposed of free of charge. All charges to be prepaid in the 
form of ICs. Od. books of 3d. tickets, wdiich said books of tickets can 
be obtained from the Council Offices, Church Street, Eastwood. 

The Council’s employees will be instructed to collect no trade 
refuse save one bin per week, except in return for a 3d. ticket for 
each bin. 

(/>) Where full lorry-loads of trade refuse are collected a charge of 7s. 6d. 
per load will be made. 

(c) The Council may agree to remove all trade refuse from any premises 
for an annual payment. 

(r/) Where trade refuse is conveyed direct to a tip by a trader, the follow- 
ing conditions shall apply : — 

(1) Trade refuse (other than soil or boiler ashes) 6d. per vehicle 
up to two tons capacity. 

(2) Soil and boiler ashes — free tipping facility. 

Tickets for tipping direct can be obLined in book form of 10s. Od. 
for 20 tickets, or 6d. per ticket for individual loads. 

Dated this 15th day of June, 1938. 

E. S. BUXTON HOPKIN, 

Clerk tO' tlici Urban District Council of Eastwood. 

To Shopkeepers, Tradesmen, and others' within 
the Urban District of Eastwood. 

For the period from the 4th July to the 31st December, the sum 
of £3 Is. 9d. was realised on the sale of 147 threepenny tickets and 
50 sixpenny tickets. 

The Langley Mill and Aldercar Co-operative Society make an 
annual payment of £T5 for the collection of Trade Refuse from their 
Nottingham Road premises. 


11 


Sanitary Inspection of the Area. 

1- — Total number of complaints received or registered during 

the year ... ... ... ... ... ... ... §7 

T- -Total number of inspections made during the year ... 1,504 

— Total number of nuisances and defects dealt with during 

the year ... ... ... ... ... ... 237 

— Total Number of notices served during the year: — • 

(a) Informal ... GO 

(h) Statutory ... ... ... 0 

5. — Total number of notices complied with during the year : 

(a) Informal ... ... ... 50 

(b) Statutory ... ... ... 8 

0 . — Total number of re-inspections or re-visits included in ('2) 
above 

Petroleum Acts. 

The annual report of the Petroleum Inspector will be found at 
the end of this Report. 

Canal Boats Act. 

There are very few canal boats now using the Cromford Canal 
and no occasion arose when action was necessary. 


Shops and Offices. 

No. of complaints received ... ... ... ... ... 2 

No. of inspections made .. . ... ... ... ... ... 80 

No. of unsatisfactory conditions found: — 

(a) Insufficient sanitary conveniences ... ... ... I 

(b) Inadequate heating arrangements ... ... ... 2 

(c) Defective or insufficient ventilation ... ... 0 

bO Other ... ... ... ... ... ... 0 

No. of unsatisfactory conditions remedied:--- 

(a) Insufficient sanitary conveniences ... ... ... I 

(b) Inadequate heating arrangements ... ... ... 2 

(cj Defective or insufficient ventilation ... ... 0 

(d) Other ... ... ... ... ... ... 0 

Camping Sites. 

One site only was used for camping purposes during 1938. 

One application was received under Section 269 of the Public 
Health Act, 193G, for a licence to use land as a camping site. The 
Council refused to grant the licence. 


The estimated number of campers resident in the District dur- 
ing the summer season of 1938 was 129. 

Smoke Abatement. 

It has not been found necessary to take any statutory action 
during the year for the abatement of smoke nuisances. 

Observations have been taken and as a result of informal 
action there has been a considerable lessening of the amount of smoke 
emitted. 

Swimming Baths and Pools. 

There are no public or privately owned swimming baths or 
pools within the Area. 


12 


Eradication of Bed Bugs. 

1. — No. of houses infested: — 

(a) Council houses 

(b) Other houses ... ... ... 10 

No. of houses disinfected : — 

(a) Council houses 

{h) Other houses ... ... ... 10 

2. — The inethods employed for freeing infested houses from bed 

bugs are tO' remove woodwork, skirtings, window linings, archi- 
traves, etc., and then thoroughly spray floors, walls, and ceilings 
with Zaldecide. This spraying is repeated in 10 to 14 days, 
after which the woodwork is replaced and all defects to the wall 
plaster made good, the tenant being instructed to cleanse with 
disinfectant. 

3. — No action has been necessary to disinfect the belongings of 

tenants removed to Council houses. 

4. — The work of disinfestation has been carried out by contractors 

for the owners under the supervision of the Sanitary Inspector. 

5. — Tenants are advised as to the course to adopt to prevent re- 

infestation after cleansing. 

Schools. 

There are three schools within the area, each of which have 
the Nottingham Corporation water supply, all the sanitary con- 
veniences being on the water carriage system. 

The head teachers are immediately notified of all cases of 
infectious disease or contacts who have been exposed to infection 
occurring to children who attend the school and tlieir exclusion is thus 
assured for the requisite period. The obsolete and insanitary trough 
closets at the New Eastwood Schools were converted to water closets 
during the year. 


HOUSING. 

Progress in this Department has been maintained and housing 
conditions are being improved as a result of the inspections and repairs 
carried out. 

Of the 183 persons living in the 44 houses in respect of which 
(Clearance Orders were made in 193T, 117 persons were displaced by 
the end of the year. No doubt the demolition of these houses will 
be effected during the year 1939. 

Six demolition orders were made in respect of individual 
unfit houses, 22 houses were demolished and 101 persons were 
displaced. 

Seven cases, of overcrowding were relieved, leaving 2b liouses 
still overcrowded. 1 hese remaining cases now represent the families 
with the largest number of persons and it is becoming increasingly 
difficult to find suitable alternative accommodation for them. No 
cases of overcrowding in the houses owned by the Council have been 
relieved during the year, and in the 12 families concerned there are 90 
persons, making an average of eight persons per family. 


13 


A site for the erection of 32 houses in Mill Road was obtained 
and 28 houses were completed, providing accommodation for 28 
families living in condemned dwellings. 

Negotiations are still proceeding for the acquisition of approxi- 
mately 32 acres of land which, when completed, will satisfy our need 
for housing requirements for some years. 


The Council owns 291 houses, including bungalows, details of 


which are set out below 

Situation. 

No. of 
Houses. 

Net Rent. 

Gross Rent, 

1919 Scheme — 


s. 

d. 

s. 

d. 

Addison Villas 

... 24 

6 

4 

9 

6 

Addison Villas 

... 16 

5 

8 

8 

4 

1924 Scheme — 

South Street 

... 54 

5 

8 

8 

7 

South Street 

... 44 

5 

6 

8 

2 

South Street 

... 36 

5 

4 

7 

10 

South Street 

... 12 

4 

6 

6 

9 

South Street 

... 12 

(Bungs.) 2 

10 

4 

4 

Church Street ... 

... 3 

5 

8 

8 

7 

Church Street ... 

2 

5 

6 

8 

2 

Newthorpe Common 

’’’ 30 

4 

11 

7 

5 

1936 Scheme — 

South Street 

... 4 

(Bungs.) 2 

10 

4 

4 

Newthorpe Common 

... 8 

4 

0 

6 

11 

Newthorpe Common 

... 8 

3 

9 

6 

5 

Newthorpe Common 

... 10 

3 

0 

5 

3 

Mill Road 

2 

3 

11 

6 

11 

Mill Road 

4 

3 

7 

6 

6 

Mill Road 

... 18 

3 

2 

5 

8 

Mill Road 

... 4 

(Bungs.) 2 

2 

3 

10 


All the permanent caravans have been dealt with under the 
provisions of the Housing Acts, seven having been demolished and 
one removed. 


At the end of the year there were two permanent vans awaiting 
demolition. 

HOUSING STATISTICS. 

1. — Inspection of Dwelling Houses during the year : — 

(1) (a) Total Number of dwelling houses inspected for 

housing defects (under Public Health or Housing 

Acts) 

(h) Number of inspections made for the purpose 

(2) (a) Number dwelling houses (included under sub- 

head (1) above) which were inspected and recorded 
under the Housing Consolidated Regulations, 

1925 and 1932 

(b) Number of inspections made for the purpose 

(3) Number of dwelling houses found to be in a state so 

dangerous or injurious to health as to be unfit for 
human habitation 

(4) Number of dwelling houses (exclusive of those re- 

ferred to under the preceding sub-head) found not 
to be in all respects reasonably ht for human 
habitation 


98 

348 


32 

44 


4T 


14 


2. — Remedy of Defects during the year without service of 

formal Notices : — 

Number of defective dwelling houses rendered fit in con- 
sequence of informal action by the Local Authority 
or tlieir Officers 01 

3. Action under Statutory Powers during the year; — 

(a) Proceedings under Sections 9, 10, and 10 of the 
Housing Act, 1930 : 

(1) Number of dwelling houses in respect of which 

Notices were served requiring repairs — 

(2) Number of dwelling houses which were rendered 
fit after service of formal notices : — 

(a By owners 8 

(b) By Local Authority in default of owners — 

(/?) Proceedings under Public Health Acts ; — 

(1) Number' of dwelling houses in respect of which 

notices were served requiring defects to be 
remedied — 

(2) Number of dwelling houses in which defects were 
remedied after service of formal notices : — 

Ui) By owners — 

(b) By Local i\uthority in default of owners — 

(c) Proceedings under Sections 11 and 13 of the Housing 


Act, 193G:~- 

(1) Number of dwelling houses in respect of which 

Demolition Orders were made G 

(2) Number of dwelling houses demolished in pursu- 
ance of Demolition Orders 22 

(d) Proceedings under Section 12 of the Housing Act, 

193G 

(1) Number of separate tenements or underground 


rooms in respect of which Closing Orders were 

made — 

(2) Number of separate tenements or underground 
rooms in respect of which Closing Orders were 
determined, the tenement or room having been 
rendered fit — 

4. — Housing Act, 193G, Part IV. — Overcrowding: — 

(a) (i.) Number of dwellings overcrowded at the end of 

the year 25 

(ii.) Number of families dwelling therein 25 

(iii.) Number of persons dwelling therein 1T3 

(/>) Number of new cases of Overcrowding reported during 

the year 1 

(c) (i.) Number of cases of Overcrowding relieved during 

the year 7 

(ii.) Number of persons concerned in such cases 31 

(d) Particulars of any cases in which dwelling houses 

have again become overcrowded after the Local 
Authority have taken steps for the abatement of 
overcrowding — 

(e) Any other particulars with respect to overcrowding 

conditions upon which the Medical Officer of 
Health may consider it desirable to report — 

1 5 


OTercrowdin^ in houses owned by Local Authority (included in 
Section 5 above). 

(a) Number of dwellings overcrowded at the end of the 


year 12 

(b) Number of families dwelling therein 12 

(c) Number of persons dwelling therein 96 


(d) Number of new cases of overcrowding reported during 

the year 

(e) Number of cases of overcrowding relieved during the 

year 

(/) Number of persons concerned in such cases 

No. of New Houses Erected during the Year. 


* (rt) By the Local Authority 28 

(5) By private enterprise 15 

■^Of these the numbers provided f o.r : — 

(1) Persons displaced 28 

(2) Relief of overcrowding 0 


INSPECTION AND SUPERVISION OF FOOD. 

(a) Milk Supply. 

Number of registered (a) retailers and (b) producers on 
1st January, 1938: (a) 15, (b) 3. 

Number added to Register during year: (a) nil, (b) nil. 
Number removed from Register during year (with reasons) : 

(a) 1. — Removed from District. 

(b) Nil. 

Number on Register on 31st December, 1938: (a) 14, (5) 3. 
Number of Inspections: (a) 15, (b) 8. 

Number of defects or unsatisfactory conditions observed : 
(a) nil, (b) 3. 

Number of defects or unsatisfactory conditions remedied : (a) 
nil, (/)) 2. 

Licences issued under the Milk (Special Designations) Order, 


1936, were as follows : — 

Pasteuriser’s Licence ... ... ... ... ... 1 

Dealer’s Licence to sell Accredited Milk ... ... 1 

Supplementary Licence to sell Accredited Milk ... 1 

(b) Meat and Other Foods. 

Number of Slaughter Houses on 1st January, 1938: — 

(a) Registered ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 

(5) Licensed permanently ... ... ... ... — 

(c) Licensed annually ... ... ... ... ... 3 

Number of new premises licensed during year ... ... ... — 

Number of licences revoked during year ... ... ... — 


Number of registered or permanently licensed premises which 
fell into disuse during the year ... 


16 


Number on Register on '{Ist December, lU'JS : — 

(") 

w • ... 

(0 ... ... 

Number of Inspections of Slaughter House premises; — 

(«) 

w 

(0 

Number of defects or unsatisfactory conditions observed 

(a) 

a>) 

W 

Number of defects or unsatisfactory conditions remedied:- 

(") 

W 

(0 ••• 

Number of occasions when slaughtering- took place ... 
Number of visits to Slaughter Houses for meat inspection 
Number of animals inspected ante-mortem 


] 

8 

8 

24 

8 

5 

8 

4 

341 

386 

405 


CARCASES INSPECTED AND CONDEMNED. 



Cattle 
exclud- 
ing Cows. 

Cows. 

Sheep 

Calves. and 

Lambs. 

Xiiinber Killed (if known)...' 

190 1 

5 .343 952 

Xnmber Insiiected 

1S5 1 

5 243 924 

ALL DISEASES EXCEPT 
TUBERCULOSIS. 

Whole Carcase.s Condemned 

Carcases of which some part 
or organ was condemned... 

Percentage of the Ximiher 
Inspected a fleeted with 
disease other than Tnher- 
ciilosis 


— — 1 

39 — 

— 34 

21. OS — 

— — 3.79 

TUBERCULOSIS OXLAU 
Whole Carcases Condemned 

Carcases of which some part 
or organ was condemned.. 

Percentage of the Xumber 
Inspected affected with 
Tuberculosis 

« 

1 — 

— — 2 

i 1" — 

— — 230 

9.73 ^ — 1 

1 — — 25.10 


Total weight of meat condemned as a result of the above-mentioned 
inspections 5,254]b3., or 2 tons Gcwts. 3qrs. ]81bs. 


IT 


Inspection of Meat on Retail Sale. 


Total number of inspections of shops, stalls, vehicles or places 
where meat IS retailed 

Number of unsatisfactory conditions found 

Number of unsatisfactory conditions remedied ... 


40 

1 

1 


Particulars of unsound meat condemned: — 

Reason for 
condemnation 


Description 
of meat, etc. 

Beast’s Lungs 
Chilled Beef. 
Chilled Beef. 


Tuberculosis. 

Decomposition. 

Decomposition. 


Weight (in lbs.) 


24 

9 ^ 


No meat marking scheme under Part III. of the Public Health 
(Meat) Regulations, 1924, is in force. 


Slaughter of Animals’ Act, 1933. 

This Act provides for the humane slaughtering or stunning of 
animals by mechanical or electrical means and applies to all animals, 
sheep having been included by resolution passed by the Council. 

There are nine persons licensed as slaughterers under the pro- 
visions of the Act, 

In one instance a contravention of the provisions relating to 
stunning of animals was observed and a warning was given to the per- 
son concerned by the Council. 


(c) Other Foods. 

Number of inspections of shops, stalls, vehicles and places 

where food is prepared ... ... ... ... ... 15 

Number of unsatisfactory conditions found ... ... ... 3 

Number of unsatisfactory conditions remedied ... ... 3 

Particulars of foods (other than meat) surrendered or seized 

during the year ... ... ... ... ... ... — 

(d) Shell-Fish (MolluscanC 

No action was found necessary under the Public Health (Shell- 
Fish) Regulations, 1934, or the Public Health (Cleansing of Shell- 
Fish) Act, 1932. All shell-fish retailed in the District are obtained 
from the Nottingham Market and some from Boston. 


18 


PREVALENCE OF, AND CONTROL OYER, INFECTIOUS AND 

OTHER DISEASES. 

During the year 142 cases of Infectious Disease were notified. 
These figures do not include Tuberculosis, which is set out in a 
separate table. 

The majority of the cases of Infectious Disease occurred 
sporadically and were in the main due to Scarlet Fever (80 cases) and 
Diphtheria (46 cases), both of which continued at a high level through- 
out the year. No definite source of infection was ever detected, but 
the continued prevalence of the diseases suggested that spread was 
due to carriers and infected contacts. Actual measures of control 
were carried out and much useful information concerning isolation 
and disinfection was disseminated. 

The four cases of acute anterior-poliomyelitis were slight in 
nature and all occurred simultaneously, but no connection between 
the cases' was established. There was no detectable source of infec- 
tion and no spread to other members of the population. 

No cases of Typhoid, Smallpox, Encephalitis Lethargica, or 
Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis occurred during the year. 

By arrangement with a local firm of Chemists and Druggists 
a supply of Diphtheria Anti-toxin is available for prophylaxis and 
treatment of diphtheria by the medical practitioners in this District. 


NOTIFIABLE DISEASES (OTHER THAN TUBERCULOSIS 
DURING THE YEAR 1938. 


Disease. 

Total 

Cases 

Notified. 

Cases 

Admitted to 
Hospital. 

Total 

Deaths. 

Small-i^ox 




Scarlet Fever 

so 

4S 

1 

Diphtheria 

46 

39 

1 

Enteric Fever (including Paratyphoid) 



— 

— 

Puerperal Fever 

— 

— 

— 

Puerperal Pyrexia 

— 

— 

— 

Pneumonia 

7 



2 

Other Diseases generally notifiable : — 
Erysipelas 

5 

j 



Ophthalmia Neonatorum 

— 

— 

• — 

Encephalitis Lethargica 

■ — 

1 1 

— 

Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis 

4 

1 

' 


19 


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P 


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pH 

P 

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p 

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and 

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20 


TUBERCULOSIS. 



The notification of Tuberculosis Disease has been satisfactory. 

No action has been necessary under the Regulations relating 
to Tuberculosis employees in the milk trade. No compulsor}' 
measures to remove patients to hospital have been necessary. 


Prevention of Blindness. 

No action was taken under Section 66 of the Public Health 
Act, 1925, or Section 1T6 of the Public Health Act, 1936, for the 
prevention of blindness or for the treatment of persons suffering from 
any disease or injury to the eyes. 


21 


THE FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1901. 

THE FACTORIES ACT, 1937 (which superseded the Act of 1901 on 

1st July, 1938). 

1. — INSPECTIONS for purposes of provisions as to health. 

N u m b e r o f - - 
Written Occupiers 

Premises. Inspections. Notices. Prosecuted. 

FACTORIES with Mechanical 
power ... ... ... ... 116 

FACTORIES without mechanical 
power ... ... ... ... 26 

OTHER PREMISES under the 

Act ... ... ... ... — 


142 


^.—DEFECTS FOUND. 


Number o 

Referred which prose- 
to H.M. cutions were 

Particulars. Found. Remedied. Inspector. instituted. 

Want of cleanliness... — — — — 

Overcrowding ... 1 1 — — 

Unreasonable 

temperature — — — — 

Inadequate ventilation 1 1 — — 

Ineffective drainage of 

floors ... ... 1 1 — — 

Sanitary conveniences — 

Insufficient ... — — — — 

Unsuitable or 

defective — - — — 

Not separate for 

sexes — — — — 

Other offences ... — — — — 

d d __ _ 

I am, 

Yours obediently, 

J. S. DRUMMOND, 

Medical Officer of Health. 


f defects — 


Number of 
defects in 
respect of 


ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PETROLEUM INSPECTOR 
FOR THE YEAR 1938. 


To the Chairman and Members of the 
Sanitary Committee. 

Petroleum Acts, 1871 to 1928. 

Madam and Gentlemen, 

I desire to submit my annual Report under the above Acts. 

Number of licences issued to store Petroleum during 1938 ... 13 

Number of licences issued to store Carbide of Calcium during 

1938 — 

Total storage capacity for Petroleum Spirit ... ... 17,000 gallons 

Total fees collected £8 Os. Od. 

All new underground tanks, before approval, are subjected 
to a pressure test of 51bs. per square inch. 

From time to time inspections have been made of all licenced 
premises, and all were found to be kept in accordance with the con- 
ditions of the licence issued. 

I am, 

Madam and Gentlemen, 

Your obedient Servant, 

A. G. WHEELER, 
Petroleum Inspector. 


INDEX. 


Page 

Ambulance Pbacilities ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 

Bed Bugs ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Births 4 

Births, Comparative Tables ... ... ... ... ... 6, T 

Blindness, Prevention of ... ... ... ... ... ... 21 

Camping Sites ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Canal Boats Act ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Cleansing ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 11 

Closet Accommodation ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

Council, The ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 

Deaths ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4 

Deaths, Causes of .. . ... ... ... ... ... ... 5 

Deaths, Comparative Tables ... ... ... ... ... 0, T 

Drainage and Sewerage ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

F actories Acts ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 22 

Foods, Other than Meat ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Health Visitors ... ,.. ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Highway, Sanitary, and General Purposes Committee ... ... 1 

Hospitals ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Housing ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 18, 14, 15, 10 

Housing Statistics ... ... ... ... ... 14, 15, 10 

Infant Mortality ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4 

Infectious Diseases, Prevalence of and Control Over ... 19, 20, 21 

Laboratory Facilities ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 

Materna] Mortality ... ... ... ... ... ... 4 

Meat and Other Foods ... ... ... ... ... 10, IT, 18 

Midwifery arid Maternity Services ... ... ... ... 10 

Milk Supply ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

Nursing Facilities ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 

Petroleum Inspector’s Report ... ... ... ... ... 28 

Rivers and Streams ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

Sanitary Inspection ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Schools ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 13 

Shell Fish 18 

Shops and Offices ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Slaughter of Animals’ Act, 1 938 ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Smoke Abatement ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Staff 2, 8 

Statistics, General and Social Conditions ... ... ... 3 

Statistics, Vital ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4 

Swimming Baths and Pools ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Treatment Centres and Clinics ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Tuberculosis ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 21 

Water ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

21 










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