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basic. . . 
quality 

education 






MONTANA STATE LIBRARY 

S 370.11 Elb c.2 

Basic quality education : 1 975 report pre 




BOARD OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 



Governor Thomas L. Judge ex officio 

Superintendent of Public Instruction Dolores Colburg (Secretary to Board) ex officio 

Commissioner of Higher Education Lawrence K. Pettit ex officio 



Mr. Boynton G. Paige, Philipsburg Term expires Feb. 1, 1975 

Mr. Fred H. Mielke, Havre (Chairman) Term expires Feb. 1, 1976 

Mr. Bruce M. Brown, Miles City Term expires Feb. 1, 1977 

Mrs. Harriett C. Meloy, Helena Term expires Feb. 1, 1978 

Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Brown, Great Falls Term expires Feb. 1, 1979 

Mr. Earl J. Barlow, Browning Term expires Feb. 1, 1980 

Mrs. Marjorie W. King, Winnett (Vice Chairman) Term expires Feb. 1, 1981 



Your views are important! 

After you read and examine the Interim Report, 
please forward your comments to Board members or to the study staff. 
Correspondence should be sent c/o Room 106, State Capitol, Helena, Montana 59601. 

If you would rather talk by telephone, leave a message at toll-free 
number 1-800-332-3402 and the call will be returned. 

Or, for your convenience, this response form is provided. 

Please respond by May 15, 1974, so that your views 

can be considered as the study proceeds. 

And it would be appreciated if you would pass this report along 

to others for their review and response, too. 



Generally, I like 



But I question 



Specifically, I have these comments to make about the definition and its dimensions 



Prior to the development of a final report, I would like to see attention given to 



don’t Ih&Sl to use the reverse side for additional 
comments and suggestions. The Board and study staff 
want to hear from you. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2015 



https://archive.org/details/basicqualityeduc1975mont 



PRESENTED TO THE LEGISLATURE 
FEBRUARY, 1974 




BOARD OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 
STATE OF MONTANA 



STUDY STAFF 

Jeanine Gilmartin, Director 
Mary Callan, Assistant Director 
Judy Clouse, Secretary 



This study was financed in part by funds provided under the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
(Public Law 89-10, Title V-A, Section 503 ) 



V 



PREFACE 



As provided in Article X, Section 9 of the Constitution of Montana, the "board of 
public education is to exercise general supervision over the public school system. . . It 
is fitting, therefore, that the Senate of Montana selected the Board to prepare a definitive 
description of a basic quality education. 

While concurring in the need for such a definition, the Board realized the 
complexity and elusiveness of the task. We were aware that the problem of trying to 
define a basic quality education is ages old; moreover, it seemed obvious that there is no 
one answer. Those who expect a simple formula will be disappointed. 

We viewed our task as an opportunity, and we began an open-ended dialogue 
which would result in the development of an underlying philosophy for Montana schools. 
We listened to the views of students, educators and community members who attended a 
total of 31 meetings we sponsored around the state. We are eager to listen more. In 
addition, the ideas and work of other states engaged in similar projects were studied. 
Material from numerous national educational organizations was reviewed. Much of the 
literature on education was read and analyzed. 

The definition in this interim report is being submitted to both the legislature and 
to the people for their consideration. For the definition to be developed further and 
implemented, we believe it is the responsibility of those interested in education to make 
their views known. That is part of the reason for issuing this report as an interim report. 
The dialogue must continue. It is the Board's hope that all who read this report will share 
with us their beliefs, attitudes and values regarding education. We borrow from the words 
of the Roman philosopher Seneca: When a man does not know what harbor he is making 
for, no wind is the right wind. We invite each reader of this report to assist in charting the 
course. 




i 



FRED MIELKE 
Chairman 

Board of Public Education 



A CKNOWL EDGMENTS 



This interim report is the result of the help and cooperation of many, 
many people. Special commendation is due Dr. Jeanine Gilmartin 
and Mary Cal I an, the Director and Assistant Director of the study. 
The Board is indebted especially to them. They had responsibility for 
devising the plan for the study subsequently approved by the Board 
and, more importantly, for carrying it out. Their talents and energies, 
in addition to those of Judy Clouse who served superbly as study 
staff secretary , were invaluable. 

In addition, the Board extends thanks and appreciation to 

Superintendent of Public Instruction Dolores Col burg and her 
staff who provided valuable information, ideas and support; 

Dr. Allen Hodges, Assistant Regional Director for Planning and 
Evaluation, Region VIII of HEW, who aided in the development 
of the study plan; 

Dr. Kenneth Tiahrt, Associate Professor of Mathematics at 
Montana State University, who assisted with statistical analysis; 

Tom Wilson, Assistant Principal for Curriculum Planning and 
Development at Newport Harbor High School in Newport 
Beach, California, who critiqued a working draft of the report; 

Pat Callan, Staff Director of Montana's Commission on 
Post-Secondary Education, who volunteered many ideas and 
suggestions which helped in the organization and formulation of 
this interim report; 

Alma Jacobs, Montana State Librarian, and her staff who 
provided assistance in locating research material; 

the numerous representatives of state organizations, the deans 
of education in Montana's colleges and universities, and the 
participants at all of the meetings who generously shared their 
ideas and beliefs regarding education. 

And to the school districts and communities in which the meetings 
were conducted— Antelope, Baker, Billings, Bozeman, Custer, Dixon, 
Great Falls, High wood, Missoula, Rosebud, Wilsall and Wolf 
Point— the Board expresses its gratitude for their genuine 
participation and hospitality. 



u 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



CHAPTER 1 


INTRODUCTION 


1 


CHAPTER II 


PRESCRIBED EDUCATION IN MONTANA 


7 


CHAPTER III 


PEOPLE'S PERCEPTIONS 


15 


CHAPTER IV 


DEFINITION AND DIMENSIONS 


31 


CHAPTER V 


IN THE INTERIM 


43 


APPENDICES 




A„ Senate Resolution No. 14 


47 




B. Materials Relating to Meetings 
Conducted Across the State 


49 




C. Site Selection Procedures and 
Population Characteristics 


59 




D. Composite Rankings 


73 




E. Fiscal Data 


89 


SELECTED BIBI 


LIOGRAPHY 


97 



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