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Xerox 8010 


Hardware Reference 



Xerox 8010 Information System 

Hardware Reference 

VP Series Reference Library 
Version 2.0 

Xerox Corporation 

Product Education 

701 South Aviation Boulevard 


El Segundo, CA 90245 

This publication was printed in June 1988 and is based on the VP 
Series 2.0 software. 

®1988, Xerox Corporation. All rights reserved. 

WARNING: This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate 
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used In 
accordance with the instructions manual, may cause interference 
to radio communications. It has been tested and found to 
comply with the limits for a Class A computing device pursuant to 
subpart j of part 15 of the FCC rules, which are designed to 
provide reasonable protection against such interference when 
operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this 
equipment In a residential area is likely to cause interference, in 
which case the user at his own expense will be required to take 
whatever measures may be required to correct the interference. 

Copyright protection claimed includes all forms and matters of 
copyrightable material and information now allowed by statutory 
or judicial law or hereinafter granted, including without limitation, 
material generated from the software programs which are 
displayed on the screen such as icons, screen displays, looks, and 
so forth. 

Publication number: 610E12460 

Printed in the United States of America. 

Xerox®, 8010, ViewPoint, and VP are trademarks of Xerox 

Changes are made periodically to this document. Changes, 
technical inaccuracies, and typographic errors will be corrected in 
subsequent versions. 

This book was created on the Xerox 8010 Information System. 

Table of contents 

1. Introduction 1-1 

2. Components description 2-1 

Standard components 2-1 

Processor unit 2-1 

Floppy disk drive 2-2 

Display screen 2-2 

Keyboard 2-2 

Mouse 2-3 

Optional components 2-4 

Ethernet transceiver and controller 2-4 

Draft printer 2-4 

3. Environmental/space requirements 3-1 

Positioning 8010 workstation equipment 3-1 

Positioning the display screen 3-1 

Positioning the keyboard 3-2 

Positioning the mouse 3-3 

Positioning the processor 3-3 

Positioning the optional printer 3-3 

Caring for 8010 workstation equipment 3-4 

Weekly maintenance 3-4 

Monthly maintenance 3-5 

4. Secure Information Device 


Protecting and storing portable fixed-disk drives 


Installing/removing portable fixed-disk drives 


List off figures 

2-1 8010 workstation components 2-1 

2-2 8010 pointing device (mouse) 2-3 




1. Introduction 

The 8010 Information System is a high-performance single-user 
workstation designed for network office environments. 

This manual provides guidelines for setting up and maintaining 
the 8010 workstation equipment. This equipment includes a 
processor unit, display screen, keyboard, mouse, floppy disk 
drive, Ethernet transceiver and controller. Standard and optional 
components are also described. 

After your Xerox Service Representative installs the hardware, 
refer to the ViewPoint 2.0 Software Installation manual to define 
the configuration and perform system diagnostics. Then you can 
install the ViewPoint (VP) desktop software. 





Components description 

standard components 

Processor unit 

The 8010 workstation consists of four standard components: a 
processor, display screen, keyboard, and mouse. Figure 2-1 
shows a typical system configuration including an optional 
printer. This chapter describes each component. 

Figure 2-1 8010 workstation components 

The processor is the part of the computer that contains the 
memory to store the information you enter. The power switch, 
indicator lights, and maintenance panel are on the front of the 
processor cabinet. Your 8010 processor may have one of three 
disk drives: 

• 10-megabyte (does not support ViewPoint 2.0) 

• 29-megabyte 

• 42-megabyte 

Two upgrade kits are available to provide a larger disk drive: 

• 10 Mb to 42 Mb Rigid Disk Drive Upgrade Kit 

• 29 Mb to 42 Mb Rigid Disk Drive Upgrade Kit 




Floppy disk drive 

Processor memory 

The 8010 workstation has a minimum of 512 kilobytes of 
processing memory, with additional increments of 256 kilobytes 
available as options. 

Display screen 

The floppy disk drive supports 8 1/2 -inch, double-sided, double- 
density floppy disks. You use the floppy disk drive to retrieve 
(read) information from a floppy disk to the 8010, as well as store 
(write) information from the 8010 to a floppy disk, in addition, 
you may use the floppy disk drive to load software on the 8010 


The 8010 workstation uses a 17-inch bit mapped display screen, 
with a resolution of 80 dots per inch to provide excellent images 
of fonts and graphics. The usable screen area measures 10 
inches vertically by 12.8 inches horizontally. With only minor 
scaling, the screen can display two full 8V2 by 11 -inch pages 
(with 1-inch margins). 

The keyboard is the primary input device for communicating with 
the 8010 workstation. The center section of the keyboard looks 
much like a typewriter. Surrounding the center section are 
special function keys. These clearly labeled function keys avoid 
the use of code keys found on many systems. 

The keyboard has five major uses: 

• To enter text 

• To enter formatting characters, such as new paragraphs and 

• To enter specis^l objects into a document, such as 
illustrations, equations, and footnotes 

• To change the appearance of text, such as boldface, italic, 
and larger or smaller typeface 

• To perform special functions, such as moving, copying, and 
deleting text 

The keyboard is not hard-coded, which means that all key 
interpretations are under software control. The software 
programs you use can assign new meanings for the keys. For 
example, a program may remap the standard typewriter keyboard 
so you can enter Creek characters or math symbols. 





The small movable box attached to the keyboard Is an electronic 
pointing device called a mouse (Figure 2-2). The 8010 uses this 
pointing device to guide a pointer on the screen, based on the 
motion of the mouse across a work surface. Use the mouse to 
selert obiert"*; Hi<;nlavpH on thp piprtrnnir HpQ^ton to hicrhlioht 
text, and perform commands. The pointer, which is generally 
represented by an arrow, takes on different shapes, depending 
on the function you are performing. 

Figure 2-2 8010 pointing device (mouse) 

The mouse contains two buttons. Use the left mouse button to 
select objects on the electronic desktop. Move the mouse until 
the pointer is over the desired object. Then, press the left 
mouse button. Use the right mouse button to extend 

When using the mouse for most operations, pressing a button 
down is a separate action from releasing the button. While the 
button is down, the 8010 often provides feedback about what 
will occur, but the operation does not start until you release the 
button. Thus, in most cases, if you press the button with the 
pointer in the wrong spot, you can move it to the correct spot 
before you release the button. The principal exception to this 
rule is in scrolling, where the action occurs as soon as you press 
the button. 

The pointer always follows the mouse movement, regardless of 
the kind of processing the 8010 is completing. If you press the 
mouse button while the system is processing previous inputs, the 
system retains the request you made with the mouse and 
performs the action when the current processing is complete. 



Optional components 

Optional components of an 8010 workstation include the 
Ethernet transceiver and controller and the draft printer. 

Ethernet transceiver and controller 

You can use the Ethernet transceiver and controller to connect 
workstations to the Ethernet network. The Ethernet network is a 
high-speed (10 million bits per second) communication link. 
Once it is connected, a workstation can perform operations such 
as sending mail to other networked workstations and 
communicating with laser printers and central files. 

Draft printer 

You can attach a dot-matrix printer to your workstation to 
produce printed documents containing graphics as well as text. 
See the section 'T-32 CQI Local Draft Printer" in the Workstation 
Peripherals for 6085/8010 volume of the VP Series Reference 
Library for additional information on the draft printer. 



3. Environmental/ 

space requirements 

Positioning 8010 workstation equipment 

It is a good idea to take time to position the display screen, 
keyboard, pointer control, processor, and optional printer so the 
8010 workstation is comfortable to use. 

Positioning the display screen 

To make sure the Xerox Service Representative has enough room 
to access the display screen, position the screen so that there is 
at least 14 inches of space on each side. 

After you position the display screen, consider other factors. The 
display screen is much like a television screen; it is hard to see 
clearly if light sources cause glare on the screen, if the contrast is 
not intense enough, or if the screen is located too close or too 
far away from you. 

Scan the four questions below. If you answer "no" to a 
question, or if you are not sure whether your answer should 
be "yes" or "no," read the explanation following the question. 
This chapter guides you in positioning your display for optimum 
viewing comfort. 

Is the screen free of reflections from desk lamps and 

If you have not logged on, the display screen should be entirely 
blank except for a bouncing white keyboard. (If you do not see 
the bouncing white keyboard, contact your System 

Take a close look at the black surface of the screen. If desk 
lamps or windows reflect on the screen, reposition the display 
screen or the light sources to minimize the glare. Sometimes 
you can solve glare problems by deflecting light upward from 
window blinds and by dimming or moving desk lamps. If you 
cannot eliminate these sources, reposition the screen or the light 
sources so they reflect at the edge of the screen rather than in 
the center. 

If a window is located behind the display screen, the bright 
background light may form a halo around the display screen and 
irritate your eyes. If there are blinds on the window, position 
them so the light deflects upward. If there are draperies, partially 
close them to reduce or eliminate glare. 



Positioning the keyboard 

Is overhead lighting reflected on the screen? 

Overhead lighting is a major source of glare because of its high 
intensity. You have the least control over this type of lighting 
because it is permanently positioned. 

If there are fluorescent lights in the office, take a look at the way 
the tubes run in the fixtures. Aligning the display screen parallel 
to the tubes can help eliminate many of the light rays that strike 
the screen and reflect back into your eyes. 

There are no hard and fast rules concerning how much overhead 
lighting is optimum with the display screen. Some 8010 users 
prefer to have their office lights dimmed or some lights 
eliminated; others prefer to have all lights in the office at high 

What you finally decide to do depends on the sensitivity of your 
eyes to light. Try different arrangements until you are satisfied. 

Is the contrast intense enough? 

When your eye perceives an object, what it is most aware of is 
the contrast at the edge of two areas. In the case of letters on a 
printed page or a display screen, your eyes need a sharp 
boundary between the edges of the letters and the background 
in order to read words easily. Beyond a certain level of 
sharpness, however, your eyes may become uncomfortable. 

Adjust the 8010 display screen to the contrast level most 
comfortable for you with the intensity lever under the left side of 
the screen. Pull the lever toward you, to darken the background 
and the letters. Push the lever away from you, to lighten the 
background and the letters. 

Press the space bar to display the Logon Option Sheet. Use the 
intensity lever to adjust the contrast. 

Is the display screen located at a comfortable viewing 
distance so the words on the screen can be read without 
eye strain? 

The ideal location for a display screen depends on your vision. 
Take a look at the Logon Option Sheet on the display screen. Is 
it clear? If it is blurred, move the display screen toward or away 
from you until it becomes clear. 

You can place the keyboard directly in front of the display 
screen. The keyboard is connected to the processor with 
approximately 6 feet of cable so you can move it to any location 
that is comfortable for you. 

The most comfortable keyboard height is one in which your 
upper arm is close to your body and your lower arm is parallel 
with the floor, with your hands lifted slightly so your fingers can 
travel easily over the keys. 




Positioning the mouse 

Position the keyboard so there are 2 inches of space between 
the keyboard and the nearest wall, and approximately 1 square 
foot of space next to the keyboard for the mouse. 

Positioning the processor 

The mouse is attached to the keyboard by approximately 2Vi feet 
of thin cable. Depending on whether you are right- or left- 
handed, move the mouse to the side of the keyboard that is 
most convenient for you. 

The cable leading from the mouse should face the display. If the 
cable is not facing the display, the pointer will move backward 
on the electronic desktop. 

The mouse works best on a special pad from Xerox. If this 
plastic pad is not available, request one from your System 
Administrator. The mouse may not accurately position the 
pointer where you want it if you use it without a pad. 

Locate the processor unit so the front panel of the unit is 
accessible. The power switch, indicator lights, and maintenance 
panel are on the front of the processor. 

There should be sufficient air movement around the processor so 
that the heat it produces does not damage it. The back of the 
processor must be at least 6 inches from the wall. 

Additionally, position the processor so that the Xerox Service 
Representative can easily access it. Place the processor in an 
area 15 inches long by 12 inches wide or provide a clear area of 
the same dimensions in front of the processor, so the Service 
Representative can pull it out to work on it. 

Finally, position the processor in a permanent location. Bumping 
or jarring it hard enough, even when it is turned off, can destroy 
the magnetic heads or the media inside. 

Positioning the optional printer 

Position the printer in a convenient location for inserting paper. 

Allow 3 inches of space on each side and 6 inches of space 
behind it so there is sufficient air movement around it and the 
Xerox Service Representative has easy access. 




Caring for 8010 workstation equipment 

Weekly maintenance 

This section contains weekly and monthly nnaintenance 
requirements for the 8010 Information Processing System. 

Clean the floppy disk drive heads 

You should clean the floppy disk drive heads every fifth time you 
use the floppy disk drive. (If you use the floppy disk drive only 
five times a month, perform this procedure once each month.) 

It is important to clean the magnetic heads on a regular basis 
since they are responsible for reading and v^riting data on the 
floppy disks. If the heads are not kept clean, they can 
accumulate deposits that cause scratching and erasure of data on 
the disks. 

If a head cleaning kit is not available, contact your System 

Use the following procedure to clean the floppy disk drive heads 
with a Xerox head-cleaning kit. If you have a cleaning kit from 
another manufacturer, follow the directions from that 

1. If you are logged on to the workstation, skip to step 2. 
Otherwise, from the bouncing keyboard, press the spacebar 
to display the Logon Option Sheet. 

2. Remove the head-cleaning disk from its white dust jacket. If 
the head-cleaning disk has not been used before, remove 
the perforated tab from the black disk jacket. The disk is 
now prepared to clean the disk drive. 

3. Move the cursor to the command line at top of the display. 
Hold down the left button on the mouse and position the 
highlight on the Test option. Release the button to select 

4. When the on-line diagnostics option sheet appears on the 
screen, select [Clean read/write heads]. The following 
message appears in the window: Please insert a head- 
cleaning diskette. 

5. Turn the head-cleaning disk over and dispense approximately 
half a teaspoon of the disk cleaning solution over the large 
cutout area. 

6. Insert the head-cleaning disk into the floppy disk drive with 
the perforated tab facing upward, and close the drive door. 

7. Select [Run]. The following message appears: Head cleaning 
in progress. 



Monthly maintenance 

The following messages appear: 

Head cleaning completed. 

Please remove the head-cleaning diskette from the unit. 

Please select [Confirm] when this is done. 

8. Press the floppy disk drive latch and remove the head- 
cleaning disk. Select [Confirm]. 

9. Write a checkmark in the appropriate usage box on the disk. 
Replace the head-cleaning disk in its white dust jacket. 
Recap and replace the cleaning solution. After 13 uses, 
discard the disk. 

Clean the display screen 

Lightly wipe your display screen with a damp cloth, or spray it 
with window cleaner and wipe it dry. 

CAUTION: Do not allow any liquid to drip down into the 
housing around the screen. 

Clean the keyboard 

Brush off the keyboard to keep dust from building up under the 




4. Secure Information Device 

Xerox Secure Information Devices (SIDs) are portable fixed-disk 
drives for Xerox 8000 Network Systems. These disk drives ensure 
that without a physical connection to the network, no one can 
intercept information you create, edit, print, mail, or store. The 
SID is designed to meet your needs within critical work areas 
involving secure or classified information. 

Protecting and storing portable fixed-disk drives 

SID portable fixed-disk drives are available in two sizes: 10- and 
42-megabytes of storage capacity. You can attach one disk drive 
to your SID workstation processor to provide individualized 
storage for multiple users of one workstation processor. The 
processor can support only one portable fixed-disk drive at a 

To prevent damage to a disk drive, follow these guidelines: 

• Handle the disk drive very carefully. If you need to move the 
disk drive, use the two rigid handles to carry it to its secure 
storage area. It weighs approximately 40 pounds. 

• Do not drop a disk drive or strike it against other objects. 

• Store the disk drive flat on a shelf in a clean environment. Be 
sure the shelf can hold the weight if you are going to stack 
disk drives. 

In case of failure, the Xerox Service Representative turns the rigid 
disk over to you for disposal. This ensures the protection of 
your data on the failed disk drive. 

Installing/removing portable fixed-disk drives 

Read through the following instructions entirely before 
attempting to install or remove a SID portable fixed-disk drive for 
the first time. 

Installing a portable fixed-disk drive at a processor 

To install a SID portable fixed-disk drive: 

1. Place the disk drive on a tabletop or desktop near the 
processor. Do not place the disk drive on top of the 
processor. (It is not necessary to turn off the workstation 

2. Seat the disk drive unit on its baseplate until it locks into 



3. Attach the two interconnecting harnesses to the portable 
disk drive box. (This connects the disk drive unit to the 
processor. The cables have round connectors that allovy/ 
them to fit only one way. Turn the outer ring two or three 
times to secure the connector in place.) 

4. Power the SID disk drive on. You can now boot the 
processor by pressing the B RESET button. 

Removing a portable fixed-disk drive from a processor 

To remove a SID portable fixed-disk drive: 

1. Power the SID disk drive off. (You can power off the disk 
drive unit with the workstation processor still on.) 

2. Power down the workstation. 

CAUTION: Do not pick the disk drive unit up while the power 
is on. If you pick up the disk drive before it completely stops, 
you may lose data. 

3. Detach the interconnecting harnesses. 

4. Use the two rigid handles to remove the disk drive unit from 
its tabletop or desktop baseplate. 

5. Carefully carry the disk drive unit to its secure storage area. 




Xerox Corporation 

701 South Aviation Bouievard 

Ei Segundo, CA 90245 

XEROX® and all XEROX products mentioned in this 
publication are trademarks of XEROX CORPORATION. 
Product appearance and/or specifications subject 
to change without notice. 
Printed in U.S. A,